Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

DOE's Office of Science Seeks Proposals for Expanded Large-Scale Scientific  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Seeks Proposals for Expanded Large-Scale Seeks Proposals for Expanded Large-Scale Scientific Computing DOE's Office of Science Seeks Proposals for Expanded Large-Scale Scientific Computing May 16, 2005 - 12:47pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. -- Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman announced today that DOE's Office of Science is seeking proposals to support innovative, large-scale computational science projects to enable high-impact advances through the use of advanced computers not commonly available in academia or the private sector. Projects currently funded are helping to reduce engine pollution and to improve our understanding of the stars and solar systems and human genetics. Successful proposers will be given the use of substantial computer time and data storage at the department's scientific

2

DOE's Office of Science Seeks Proposals for Expanded Large-Scale Scientific  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE's Office of Science Seeks Proposals for Expanded Large-Scale DOE's Office of Science Seeks Proposals for Expanded Large-Scale Scientific Computing DOE's Office of Science Seeks Proposals for Expanded Large-Scale Scientific Computing May 16, 2005 - 12:47pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. -- Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman announced today that DOE's Office of Science is seeking proposals to support innovative, large-scale computational science projects to enable high-impact advances through the use of advanced computers not commonly available in academia or the private sector. Projects currently funded are helping to reduce engine pollution and to improve our understanding of the stars and solar systems and human genetics. Successful proposers will be given the use of substantial computer time and data storage at the department's scientific

3

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science at NERSC HPC Requirements Reviews Requirements for Science: Target 2014 Nuclear Physics (NP) Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics:...

4

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics Research  

SciTech Connect

IThe National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) is the primary computing center for the DOE Office of Science, serving approximately 4,000 users and hosting some 550 projects that involve nearly 700 codes for a wide variety of scientific disciplines. In addition to large-scale computing resources NERSC provides critical staff support and expertise to help scientists make the most efficient use of these resources to advance the scientific mission of the Office of Science. In May 2011, NERSC, DOE’s Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) and DOE’s Office of Nuclear Physics (NP) held a workshop to characterize HPC requirements for NP research over the next three to five years. The effort is part of NERSC’s continuing involvement in anticipating future user needs and deploying necessary resources to meet these demands. The workshop revealed several key requirements, in addition to achieving its goal of characterizing NP computing. The key requirements include: 1. Larger allocations of computational resources at NERSC; 2. Visualization and analytics support; and 3. Support at NERSC for the unique needs of experimental nuclear physicists. This report expands upon these key points and adds others. The results are based upon representative samples, called “case studies,” of the needs of science teams within NP. The case studies were prepared by NP workshop participants and contain a summary of science goals, methods of solution, current and future computing requirements, and special software and support needs. Participants were also asked to describe their strategy for computing in the highly parallel, “multi-core” environment that is expected to dominate HPC architectures over the next few years. The report also includes a section with NERSC responses to the workshop findings. NERSC has many initiatives already underway that address key workshop findings and all of the action items are aligned with NERSC strategic plans.

Gerber, Richard A.; Wasserman, Harvey J.

2012-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

5

Opportunistic Evolution: Efficient Evolutionary Computation on Large-Scale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Opportunistic Evolution: Efficient Evolutionary Computation on Large-Scale Computational Grids evaluation designed for deployment of evo- lutionary computation to very large grid computing ar- chitectures evolutionary com- putation toolkit to a commercial Java-based grid comput- ing platform known as Frontier

Luke, Sean

6

Opportunistic Evolution: Efficient Evolutionary Computation on Large-Scale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Opportunistic Evolution: Efficient Evolutionary Computation on Large-Scale Computational Grids evaluation designed for deployment of evo- lutionary computation to very large grid computing ar- chitectures evolutionary computa- tion toolkit to a commercial Java-based grid computing plat- form known as Frontier

George Mason University

7

GridMate: A Portable Simulation Environment for Large-Scale Adaptive Scientific Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GridMate: A Portable Simulation Environment for Large-Scale Adaptive Scientific Applications: parashar@caip.rutgers.edu Abstract--In this paper, we present a portable sim- ulation environment GridMate for large-scale adaptive scientific applications in multi-site Grid environments. GridMate is a discrete

Li, Xiaolin "Andy"

8

Architectural Design and Complexity Analysis of Large-Scale Cortical Simulation on a Hybrid Computing Platform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- performance computing platform for large-scale mathematical models. Traditional computing architecture cannot hybrid computing architecture for the simulation and evaluation of large-scale associative neural memory models. The proposed architecture achieves very high computing and communication performances

Qiu, Qinru

9

Using MPI File Caching to Improve Parallel Write Performance for Large-Scale Scientific Applications  

SciTech Connect

Typical large-scale scientific applications periodically write checkpoint files to save the computational state throughout execution. Existing parallel file systems improve such write-only I/O patterns through the use of clientside file caching and write-behind strategies. In distributed environments where files are rarely accessed by more than one client concurrently, file caching has achieved significant success; however, in parallel applications where multiple clients manipulate a shared file, cache coherence control can serialize I/O. We have designed a thread based caching layer for the MPI I/O library, which adds a portable caching system closer to user applications so more information about the application's I/O patterns is available for better coherence control. We demonstrate the impact of our caching solution on parallel write performance with a comprehensive evaluation that includes a set of widely used I/O benchmarks and production application I/O kernels.

Liao, Wei-keng [Northwestern University, Evanston; Ching, Avery [Northwestern University, Evanston; Coloma, Kenin [Northwestern University, Evanston; Nisar, Arifa [Northwestern University, Evanston; Choudhary, Alok [Northwestern University, Evanston; Chen, Jackie [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Sankaran, Ramanan [ORNL; Klasky, Scott A [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Using MPI file caching to improve parallel write performance for large-scale scientific applications  

SciTech Connect

Typical large-scale scientific applications periodically write checkpoint files to save the computational state throughout execution. Existing parallel file systems improve such write-only I/O patterns through the use of client-side file caching and write-behind strategies. In distributed environments where files are rarely accessed by more than one client concurrently, file caching has achieved significant success; however, in parallel applications where multiple clients manipulate a shared file, cache coherence control can serialize I/O. We have designed a thread based caching layer for the MPI I/O library, which adds a portable caching system closer to user applications so more information about the application's I/O patterns is available for better coherence control. We demonstrate the impact of our caching solution on parallel write performance with a comprehensive evaluation that includes a set of widely used I/O benchmarks and production application I/O kernels.

Sankaran, Ramanan [ORNL; Liao, Wei-Keng [ORNL; Chen, Jacqueline H [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Klasky, Scott A [ORNL; Choudhary, Alok [Northwestern University, Evanston

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

provide more guidance and support. Large  Scale  Computing  and  Storage  Requirements  for  Fusion  Energy  provide much-needed additional resources there remains a need to employ codes Large  Scale  Computing  and  Storage  Requirements  for  Fusion  Energy  provide large gains with little application porting effort. Large  Scale  Computing  and  Storage  Requirements  for  Fusion  Energy  

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

proceedings of High Performance Computing – 2011 (HPC-2011)In recent years, high performance computing has becomeNERSC is the primary high-performance computing facility for

Gerber, Richard A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for High Energy Physics for High Energy Physics Accelerator Physics P. Spentzouris, Fermilab Motivation Accelerators enable many important applications, both in basic research and applied sciences Different machine attributes are emphasized for different applications * Different particle beams and operation principles * Different energies and intensities Accelerator science and technology objectives for all applications * Achieve higher energy and intensity, faster and cheaper machine design, more reliable operation a wide spectrum of requirements for very complex instruments. Assisting their design and operation requires an equally complex set of computational tools. High Energy Physics Priorities High energy frontier * Use high-energy colliders to discover new particles and

14

Decoherence Rates in Large Scale Quantum Computers and Macroscopic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Markovian regime decoherence effects in quantum computers are studied in terms of the fidelity for the situation where the number of qubits N becomes large. A general expression giving the decoherence time scale in terms of Markovian relaxation elements and expectation values of products of system fluctuation operators is obtained, which could also be applied to study decoherence in other macroscopic systems such as Bose condensates and superconductors. A standard circuit model quantum computer involving three-state lambda system ionic qubits is considered, with qubits localised around well-separated positions via trapping potentials. The centre of mass vibrations of the qubits act as a reservoir. Coherent one and two qubit gating processes are controlled by time dependent localised classical electromagnetic fields that address specific qubits, the two qubit gating processes being facilitated by a cavity mode ancilla, which permits state interchange between qubits. With a suitable choice of parameters, it is found that the decoherence time can be made essentially independent of N.

B J Dalton

2005-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

15

Cryogenic Control Architecture for Large-Scale Quantum Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solid-state qubits have recently advanced to the level that enables them, in-principle, to be scaled-up into fault-tolerant quantum computers. As these physical qubits continue to advance, meeting the challenge of realising a quantum machine will also require the engineering of new classical hardware and control architectures with complexity far beyond the systems used in today's few-qubit experiments. Here, we report a micro-architecture for controlling and reading out qubits during the execution of a quantum algorithm such as an error correcting code. We demonstrate the basic principles of this architecture in a configuration that distributes components of the control system across different temperature stages of a dilution refrigerator, as determined by the available cooling power. The combined setup includes a cryogenic field-programmable gate array (FPGA) controlling a switching matrix at 20 millikelvin which, in turn, manipulates a semiconductor qubit.

J. M. Hornibrook; J. I. Colless; I. D. Conway Lamb; S. J. Pauka; H. Lu; A. C. Gossard; J. D. Watson; G. C. Gardner; S. Fallahi; M. J. Manfra; D. J. Reilly

2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

16

MMR: A Platform for Large-Scale Forensic Computing Vassil Roussev, Liqiang Wang, Golden G. Richard III, Lodovico Marziale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ii MMR: A Platform for Large-Scale Forensic Computing Vassil Roussev, Liqiang Wang, Golden G-SCALE FORENSIC COMPUTING Middleware Support for MapReduce Processing Abstract The timely processing of large-scale digital forensic targets demands the empoyment of large-scale distributed resources, as well

Richard III, Golden G.

17

Interaction of Turbomachinery Components in Large-scale Unsteady Computations of Jet Engines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interaction of Turbomachinery Components in Large-scale Unsteady Computations of Jet Engines Georgi on the turbomachinery compu- tation and, in particular, on the physics of interaction of different turbomachinery will be discussed for these multi-component turbomachinery simulations. The compressor and turbine of a modern

Alonso, Juan J.

18

Fluid computation of the performanceenergy trade-off in large scale Markov models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

total energy consumption should be chosen. H priority job SLA: 6.5s 90% L priority job SLA: 8s 80Fluid computation of the performance­energy trade-off in large scale Markov models Anton Stefanek to deal with is that of running costs such as energy consumption versus the availability and re- sponse

Imperial College, London

19

Enabling Large-Scale Linear Systems of Equations on Hybrid HPC Infrastructures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Scientific research is becoming increasingly dependent on the large-scale analysis of data using High Performance Computing (HPC) infrastructures. Scientific computing aims at constructing mathematical models ......

H. Astsatryan; V. Sahakyan; Yu. Shoukouryan; M. Daydé; A. Hurault

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

A scalable messaging system for accelerating discovery from large scale scientific simulations  

SciTech Connect

Emerging scientific and engineering simulations running at scale on leadership-class High End Computing (HEC) environments are producing large volumes of data, which has to be transported and analyzed before any insights can result from these simulations. The complexity and cost (in terms of time and energy) associated with managing and analyzing this data have become significant challenges, and are limiting the impact of these simulations. Recently, data-staging approaches along with in-situ and in-transit analytics have been proposed to address these challenges by offloading I/O and/or moving data processing closer to the data. However, scientists continue to be overwhelmed by the large data volumes and data rates. In this paper we address this latter challenge. Specifically, we propose a highly scalable and low-overhead associative messaging framework that runs on the data staging resources within the HEC platform, and builds on the staging-based online in-situ/in- transit analytics to provide publish/subscribe/notification-type messaging patterns to the scientist. Rather than having to ingest and inspect the data volumes, this messaging system allows scientists to (1) dynamically subscribe to data events of interest, e.g., simple data values or a complex function or simple reduction (max()/min()/avg()) of the data values in a certain region of the application domain is greater/less than a threshold value, or certain spatial/temporal data features or data patterns are detected; (2) define customized in-situ/in-transit actions that are triggered based on the events, such as data visualization or transformation; and (3) get notified when these events occur. The key contribution of this paper is a design and implementation that can support such a messaging abstraction at scale on high- end computing (HEC) systems with minimal overheads. We have implemented and deployed the messaging system on the Jaguar Cray XK6 machines at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Lonestar system at the Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC), and we present the experimental performance evaluation using these HEC platforms in the paper.

Jin, Tong [Rutgers University; Zhang, Fan [Rutgers University; Parashar, Manish [Rutgers University; Klasky, Scott A [ORNL; Podhorszki, Norbert [ORNL; Abbasi, Hasan [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences: Target 2017  

SciTech Connect

The National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) is the primary computing center for the DOE Office of Science, serving approximately 4,500 users working on some 650 projects that involve nearly 600 codes in a wide variety of scientific disciplines. In March 2013, NERSC, DOE?s Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) and DOE?s Office of Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) held a review to characterize High Performance Computing (HPC) and storage requirements for FES research through 2017. This report is the result.

Gerber, Richard

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

22

National Energ y Research Scientific Computing Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Annual Report Annual Report This work was supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC 03-76SF00098. LBNL-49186, December 2001 National Energ y Research Scientific Computing Center 2001 Annual Report NERSC aspires to be a world leader in accelerating scientific discovery through computation. Our vision is to provide high- performance computing tools to tackle science's biggest and most challenging problems, and to play a major role in advancing large- scale computational science and computing technology. The result will be a rate of scientific progress previously unknown. NERSC's mission is to accelerate the pace of scientific discovery in the Department of Energy Office

23

An integrated security-aware job scheduling strategy for large-scale computational grids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

All existing fault-tolerance job scheduling algorithms for computational grids were proposed under the assumption that all sites apply the same fault-tolerance strategy. They all ignored that each grid site may have its own fault-tolerance strategy because each site is itself an autonomous domain. In fact, it is very common that there are multiple fault-tolerance strategies adopted at the same time in a large-scale computational grid. Various fault-tolerance strategies may have different hardware and software requirements. For instance, if a grid site employs the job checkpointing mechanism, each computation node must have the following ability. Periodically, the computational node transmits the transient state of the job execution to the server. If a job fails, it will migrate to another computational node and resume from the last stored checkpoint. Therefore, in this paper we propose a genetic algorithm for job scheduling to address the heterogeneity of fault-tolerance mechanisms problem in a computational grid. We assume that the system supports four kinds fault-tolerance mechanisms, including the job retry, the job migration without checkpointing, the job migration with checkpointing, and the job replication mechanisms. Because each fault-tolerance mechanism has different requirements for gene encoding, we also propose a new chromosome encoding approach to integrate the four kinds of mechanisms in a chromosome. The risk nature of the grid environment is also taken into account in the algorithm. The risk relationship between jobs and nodes are defined by the security demand and the trust level. Simulation results show that our algorithm has shorter makespan and more excellent efficiencies on improving the job failure rate than the Min–Min and sufferage algorithms.

Chao-Chin Wu; Ren-Yi Sun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Some Computational Issues on Fluid Dynamics in Large-Scale Hydraulic Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The large Reynolds number, flow unsteadiness and complicated geometry give rise to complex flow phenomena in large scale hydraulic turbines and make such a field challenging for...1]. The verification of codes, v...

F. J. Wang; C. L. Liao; X. L. Tang; J. M. Ma; Y. J. Li; W. Zhao

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Biological and Environmental Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Office (BER), DOE Office of Science National Energy ResearchDepartment of Energy, Office of Science, Advanced ScientificDirectors of the Office of Science, Office of Biological &

DOE Office of Science, Biological and Environmental Research Program Office BER,

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Basic Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

February 9-10, 2010 DOE Office of Science Office of BasicDepartment of Energy, Office of Science, Advanced ScientificDirectors of the Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mp288 Magnetic Fusion Energy Materials High Energy Densitymaterials science, experimental validation enabled by targeted validation platforms, and high energymaterials needed to support a burning plasma environment; Pursue scientific opportunities and grand challenges in high energy

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Running Large Scale Jobs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Running Large Scale Jobs Running Large Scale Jobs Users face various challenges with running and scaling large scale jobs on peta-scale production systems. For example, certain...

29

2006 DOE INCITE Supercomputing Allocations Proposal Title: "Development and Correlations of Large Scale Computational Tools for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of plasma behavior sufficient to provide a reliable predictive capability for fusion energy systems Ridge National Laboratory Scientific Discipline: Fusion Energy #12;INCITE allocation: Site: Leadership is connected to Office of Science Mission 7.1, "Provide the discovery-class tools required by the U

Knowles, David William

30

Large-scale application of some modern CSM methodologies by parallel computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,b,*, R.A. Urasc , M.D. Adleyb , S. Lia a Mechanical Engineering and Army High Performance Computing.g. Message Passing Interface, MPI) have increased the use of High Performance Computing (HPC). Several Army Engineer Research and Development Center (ERDC) and the Army High Performance Computing Research

Li, Shaofan

31

Measuring and tuning energy efficiency on large scale high performance computing platforms.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Recognition of the importance of power in the field of High Performance Computing, whether it be as an obstacle, expense or design consideration, has never… (more)

Laros, James Howard III

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Large-scale lattice Boltzmann simulations of complex fluids: advances through the advent of computational Grids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...into a computational Grid, which in turn permits...Coveney 2003) which use hybrid algorithms have shown...tractable toolkits for the Grid: a plea for lightweight...C KesselmanIn The Grid: blueprint for a new computing infrastructure 1999San Francisco...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

The Harvard Clean Energy Project: Large-Scale Computational Screening and Design of Organic Photovoltaics on the World Community Grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Harvard Clean Energy Project: Large-Scale Computational Screening and Design of Organic Photovoltaics on the World Community Grid ... The Clean Energy Project stands out from other computational materials science approaches as it combines conventional modeling with strategies from modern drug discovery:(54-61) CEP features an automated, high-throughput infrastructure for a systematic screening of millions of OPV candidates at a first-principles electronic structure level. ... We have developed four new functionals that overcome the above-mentioned difficulties: (a) M06, a hybrid meta functional, is a functional with good accuracy "across-the-board" for transition metals, main group thermochem., medium-range correlation energy, and barrier heights; (b) M06-2X, another hybrid meta functional, is not good for transition metals but has excellent performance for main group chem., predicts accurate valence and Rydberg electronic excitation energies, and is an excellent functional for arom.-arom. ...

Johannes Hachmann; Roberto Olivares-Amaya; Sule Atahan-Evrenk; Carlos Amador-Bedolla; Roel S. Sa?nchez-Carrera; Aryeh Gold-Parker; Leslie Vogt; Anna M. Brockway; Ala?n Aspuru-Guzik

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

34

Large Scale Modular Quantum Computer Architecture with Atomic Memory and Photonic Interconnects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The practical construction of scalable quantum computer hardware capable of executing non-trivial quantum algorithms will require the juxtaposition of different types of quantum systems. We analyze a modular ion trap quantum computer architecture with a hierarchy of interactions that can scale to very large numbers of qubits. Local entangling quantum gates between qubit memories within a single register are accomplished using natural interactions between the qubits, and entanglement between separate registers is completed via a probabilistic photonic interface between qubits in different registers, even over large distances. We show that this architecture can be made fault-tolerant, and demonstrate its viability for fault-tolerant execution of modest size quantum circuits.

C. Monroe; R. Raussendorf; A. Ruthven; K. R. Brown; P. Maunz; L. -M. Duan; J. Kim

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

35

Large-Scale Earthquake Simulation: Computational Seismology and Complex Engineering Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Methods commonly used to generate artificial ground histories can't deal with the complex interactions that occur during earthquakes including the seismic source and wave's path site conditions and the presence of the built environment. To address this problem researchers in Carnegie Mellon University's Quake Group have used high-performance computing to simulate earthquakes at regional scales including complex engineering systems.

Ricardo Taborda; Jacobo Bielak

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Detection and Correction of Silent Data Corruption for Large-Scale High-Performance Computing  

SciTech Connect

Faults have become the norm rather than the exception for high-end computing on clusters with 10s/100s of thousands of cores. Exacerbating this situation, some of these faults remain undetected, manifesting themselves as silent errors that corrupt memory while applications continue to operate and report incorrect results. This paper studies the potential for redundancy to both detect and correct soft errors in MPI message-passing applications. Our study investigates the challenges inherent to detecting soft errors within MPI application while providing transparent MPI redundancy. By assuming a model wherein corruption in application data manifests itself by producing differing MPI message data between replicas, we study the best suited protocols for detecting and correcting MPI data that is the result of corruption. To experimentally validate our proposed detection and correction protocols, we introduce RedMPI, an MPI library which resides in the MPI profiling layer. RedMPI is capable of both online detection and correction of soft errors that occur in MPI applications without requiring any modifications to the application source by utilizing either double or triple redundancy. Our results indicate that our most efficient consistency protocol can successfully protect applications experiencing even high rates of silent data corruption with runtime overheads between 0% and 30% as compared to unprotected applications without redundancy. Using our fault injector within RedMPI, we observe that even a single soft error can have profound effects on running applications, causing a cascading pattern of corruption in most cases causes that spreads to all other processes. RedMPI's protection has been shown to successfully mitigate the effects of soft errors while allowing applications to complete with correct results even in the face of errors.

Fiala, David J [ORNL; Mueller, Frank [North Carolina State University; Engelmann, Christian [ORNL; Ferreira, Kurt Brian [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Brightwell, Ron [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Riesen, Rolf [IBM Research, Ireland

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Scientific Information by Computer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... systems should be studied in detail2'3. The Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is engaged in studies of this kind, monitoring about 200 current-awareness search profiles ...

J. T. LYNCH; G. D. W. SMITH

1971-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

38

Scientific Grid computing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...analogy with other utilities in a modern society, such as electricity power Grids. The vision is that of computing power on demand...at a computer (or even a personal digital assistant with wireless Internet access) to view web pages as if they were on their...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Large Scale Computing Requirements for Basic Energy Sciences (An BES / ASCR / NERSC Workshop) Hilton Washington DC/Rockville Meeting Center, Rockville MD 3D Geophysical Imaging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Requirements Requirements for Basic Energy Sciences (An BES / ASCR / NERSC Workshop) Hilton Washington DC/Rockville Meeting Center, Rockville MD 3D Geophysical Modeling and Imaging G. A. Newman Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory February 9 - 10 , 2010 Talk Outline * SEAM Geophysical Modeling Project - Its Really Big! * Geophysical Imaging (Seismic & EM) - Its 10 to 100x Bigger! - Reverse Time Migration - Full Waveform Inversion - 3D Imaging & Large Scale Considerations - Offshore Brazil Imaging Example (EM Data Set) * Computational Bottlenecks * Computing Alternatives - GPU's & FPGA's - Issues Why ? So that the resource industry can tackle grand geophysical challenges (Subsalt imaging, land acquisition, 4-D, CO2, carbonates ......) SEAM Mission Advance the science and technology of applied

40

Advanced Scientific Computing Research Jobs  

Office of Science (SC) Website

about/jobs/ Below is a list of currently about/jobs/ Below is a list of currently open federal employment opportunities in the Office of Science. Prospective applicants should follow the links to the formal position announcements on USAJOBS.gov for more information. en {D1C7BEC4-D6F9-4FB7-A95E-142A6B699F6B}https://www.usajobs.gov/GetJob/ViewDetails/358465200 Computer Scientist Computer Science Research & Partnerships Division Job Title: Computer Scientist Computer Science Research & Partnerships DivisionOffice: Advanced Scientific Computing ResearchURL: USAjobs listingVacancy Number: 14-DE-SC-HQ-005Location:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Songs in the language of information : using personal computers to create sounds and graphics for a large scale installation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Personal computers are easy to program, inexpensive and portable. With two Commodore 64 computers, I created an artistic installation entitled "Songs in the Language of Information". It was composed of elements reflecting ...

Geitz, Sarah

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

SIAM Conference on Parallel Processing for Scientific Computing - March 12-14, 2008  

SciTech Connect

The themes of the 2008 conference included, but were not limited to: Programming languages, models, and compilation techniques; The transition to ubiquitous multicore/manycore processors; Scientific computing on special-purpose processors (Cell, GPUs, etc.); Architecture-aware algorithms; From scalable algorithms to scalable software; Tools for software development and performance evaluation; Global perspectives on HPC; Parallel computing in industry; Distributed/grid computing; Fault tolerance; Parallel visualization and large scale data management; and The future of parallel architectures.

None

2008-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

43

National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scientific Computing Center Scientific Computing Center 2004 annual report Cover image: Visualization based on a simulation of the density of a fuel pellet after it is injected into a tokamak fusion reactor. See page 40 for more information. National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center 2004 annual report Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory * University of California * Berkeley, California 94720 This work was supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC 03-76SF00098. LBNL-57369, April 2005 ii iii The Year in Perspective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Advances in Computational Science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

44

Computational Discovery of Communicable Scientific Knowledge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we distinguish between two computational paradigms for knowledge discovery that share the notion of heuristic search, but differ in the importance they place on using scientific formalisms to sta...

Pat Langley; Jeff Shrager; Kazumi Saito

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

PROCEEDINGS OF THE RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP ON LARGE SCALE COMPUTATIONS IN NUCLEAR PHYSICS USING THE QCDOC, SEPTEMBER 26 - 28, 2002.  

SciTech Connect

The massively parallel computer QCDOC (QCD On a Chip) of the RIKEN BNL Research Center (RI3RC) will provide ten-teraflop peak performance for lattice gauge calculations. Lattice groups from both Columbia University and RBRC, along with assistance from IBM, jointly handled the design of the QCDOC. RIKEN has provided $5 million in funding to complete the machine in 2003. Some fraction of this computer (perhaps as much as 10%) might be made available for large-scale computations in areas of theoretical nuclear physics other than lattice gauge theory. The purpose of this workshop was to investigate the feasibility and possibility of using a supercomputer such as the QCDOC for lattice, general nuclear theory, and other calculations. The lattice applications to nuclear physics that can be investigated with the QCDOC are varied: for example, the light hadron spectrum, finite temperature QCD, and kaon ({Delta}I = 1/2 and CP violation), and nucleon (the structure of the proton) matrix elements, to name a few. There are also other topics in theoretical nuclear physics that are currently limited by computer resources. Among these are ab initio calculations of nuclear structure for light nuclei (e.g. up to {approx}A = 8 nuclei), nuclear shell model calculations, nuclear hydrodynamics, heavy ion cascade and other transport calculations for RHIC, and nuclear astrophysics topics such as exploding supernovae. The physics topics were quite varied, ranging from simulations of stellar collapse by Douglas Swesty to detailed shell model calculations by David Dean, Takaharu Otsuka, and Noritaka Shimizu. Going outside traditional nuclear physics, James Davenport discussed molecular dynamics simulations and Shailesh Chandrasekharan presented a class of algorithms for simulating a wide variety of femionic problems. Four speakers addressed various aspects of theory and computational modeling for relativistic heavy ion reactions at RHIC. Scott Pratt and Steffen Bass gave general overviews of how qualitatively different types of physical processes evolve temporally in heavy ion reactions. Denes Molnar concentrated on the application of hydrodynamics, and Alex Krasnitz on a classical Yang-Mills field theory for the initial phase. We were pleasantly surprised by the excellence of the talks and the substantial interest from all parties. The diversity of the audience forced the speakers to give their talks at an understandable level, which was highly appreciated. One particular bonus of the discussions could be the application of highly developed three-dimensional astrophysics hydrodynamics codes to heavy ion reactions.

AOKI,Y.; BALTZ,A.; CREUTZ,M.; GYULASSY,M.; OHTA,S.

2002-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

46

NERSC: National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites

NERSC Powering Scientific Discovery Since 1974 NERSC Powering Scientific Discovery Since 1974 Login Site Map | My NERSC search... Go Home About Overview NERSC Mission Contact us Staff Org Chart NERSC History NERSC Stakeholders NERSC Usage Demographics Careers Visitor Info Web Policies Science at NERSC NERSC HPC Achievement Awards Accelerator Science Astrophysics Biological Sciences Chemistry & Materials Science Climate & Earth Science Energy Science Engineering Science Environmental Science Fusion Science Math & Computer Science Nuclear Science Science Highlights NERSC Citations HPC Requirements Reviews Systems Computational Systems Table Data Systems Table Edison Cray XC30 Hopper Cray XE6 Carver IBM iDataPlex PDSF Genepool NERSC Global Filesystem HPSS data archive Data Transfer Nodes History of Systems NERSC-8 Procurement

47

Large Scale Parameter Sweep Studies Using Distributed Matlab  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Large Scale Parameter Sweep Studies Using Distributed Matlab Vikas Argod Graduate Assistant 225. The implementation is done in Matlab. The discussion extends to large scale problems of similar type using distributed matlab. Use of distributed matlab reduced computation time significantly

Bjørnstad, Ottar Nordal

48

Scientific Methods in Computer Science Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scientific Methods in Computer Science Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic Department of Computer Science M scientific aspects of Computer Science. First it defines science and scientific method in general. It gives a dis- cussion of relations between science, research, development and technology. The existing theory

Cunningham, Conrad

49

Distributed Chemical Computing Using ChemStar: An Open Source Java Remote Method Invocation Architecture Applied to Large Scale Molecular Data from PubChem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Due to its open source character and its flexibility, the underlying server/client framework can be quickly adopted to virtually every computational task that can be parallelized. ... All of these characteristics render programming in RMI a comparably straightforward task and a sensible choice for developing pure Java client/server, peer-to-peer, or agent-based applications. ... It is necessary to scan the available network (Internet or Intranet) for the registered and active clients which will perform computation. ...

M. Karthikeyan; S. Krishnan; Anil Kumar Pandey; Andreas Bender; Alexander Tropsha

2008-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

50

Conundrum of the Large Scale Streaming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The etiology of the large scale peculiar velocity (large scale streaming motion) of clusters would increasingly seem more tenuous, within the context of the gravitational instability hypothesis. Are there any alternative testable models possibly accounting for such large scale streaming of clusters?

T. M. Malm

1999-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

51

Energy Department Requests Proposals for Advanced Scientific Computing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Requests Proposals for Advanced Scientific Requests Proposals for Advanced Scientific Computing Research Energy Department Requests Proposals for Advanced Scientific Computing Research December 27, 2005 - 4:55pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy's Office of Science and the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) have issued a joint Request for Proposals for advanced scientific computing research. DOE expects to fund $67 million annually for three years to five years under its Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC) research program. Scientific computing, including modeling and simulation, has become crucial for research problems that are insoluble by traditional theoretical and experimental approaches, hazardous to study in the laboratory, or time-consuming or expensive to solve by traditional means.

52

Computational Biology, Advanced Scientific Computing, and Emerging Computational Architectures  

SciTech Connect

This CRADA was established at the start of FY02 with $200 K from IBM and matching funds from DOE to support post-doctoral fellows in collaborative research between International Business Machines and Oak Ridge National Laboratory to explore effective use of emerging petascale computational architectures for the solution of computational biology problems. 'No cost' extensions of the CRADA were negotiated with IBM for FY03 and FY04.

None

2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

53

NERSC Role in Advanced Scientific Computing Research Katherine Yelick  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Advanced Scientific Computing Research Katherine Yelick NERSC Director Requirements Workshop NERSC Mission The mission of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) is to accelerate the pace of scientific discovery by providing high performance computing, information, data, and communications services for all DOE Office of Science (SC) research. Sample Scientific Accomplishments at NERSC 3 Award-winning software uses massively-parallel supercomputing to map hydrocarbon reservoirs at unprecedented levels of detail. (Greg Newman, LBNL) . Combustion Adaptive Mesh Refinement allows simulation of a fuel- flexible low-swirl burner that is orders of magnitude larger & more detailed than traditional reacting flow simulations allow.

54

National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center NERSC Exceeds Reliability  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scientific Scientific Computing Center NERSC Exceeds Reliability Standards With Tape-Based Active Archive Research Facility Accelerates Access to Data while Supporting Exponential Growth Founded in 1974, the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) is the primary scientific com- puting facility for the Office of Science in the U.S. Department of Energy. NERSC is located at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Oakland Scientific Facility in Oakland, California and is mandated with providing computational resources and expertise for scientific research to about 5,000 scientists at national labora- tories and universities across the United States, as well as their international col- laborators. A division of Lawrence Berke- ley National Laboratory, NERSC supports

55

Organizing Large Scale Hacking Competitions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Computer security competitions and challenges are a way to foster innovation and educate students in a highly-motivating setting. In recent years, a number of different security competitions and challenges wer...

Nicholas Childers; Bryce Boe…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Large-scale virtual screening  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

payment of royalty provided that (1) each reproduction is done without alteration and (2) the Journal portions, of this paper may be copied or distributed royalty free without further permission by computer

Ferreira, Márcia M. C.

57

Volunteer Computing and Large-Scale Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

privately owned) ! Early projects (1996-1999) ­ GIMPS ­ distributed.net ­ SETI@home ­ Folding@home

Taufer, Michela

58

National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) Awards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Energy National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) Awards Supercomputer Contract to Cray National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) Awards Supercomputer Contract to Cray August 5, 2009 BERKELEY, CA - The Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory announced today that a contract for its next generation supercomputing system will be awarded to Cray Inc. The multi-year supercomputing contract includes delivery of a Cray XT5(tm) massively parallel processor supercomputer, which will be upgraded to a future-generation Cray supercomputer. When completed, the new system will deliver a peak performance of more than one petaflops, equivalent to more

59

Large scale quantum mechanical enzymology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conventional QM methods but, due to the computational costs, as will be discussed later in this dissertation, the system sizes accessible with these approaches do not reach the requirements for studying biomolecular systems. A particularly successful brand... imaging allow certain structural information to be extracted, such as interatomic distances and torsion angles. In the all important quest for experimental agreement, it would be all too easy to assert that if simulations generate the same result...

Lever, Greg

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

60

Advanced Scientific Computing Research Network Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cover image courtesy of the Argonne Leadership ComputingFacility (ALCF), Argonne National Laboratory. Hopper image12 Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (

Dart, Eli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

DOE High Performance Computing Operational Review (HPCOR): Enabling Data-Driven Scientific Discovery at HPC Facilities  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) High Performance Computing (HPC) facilities are on the verge of a paradigm shift in the way they deliver systems and services to science and engineering teams. Research projects are producing a wide variety of data at unprecedented scale and level of complexity, with community-specific services that are part of the data collection and analysis workflow. On June 18-19, 2014 representatives from six DOE HPC centers met in Oakland, CA at the DOE High Performance Operational Review (HPCOR) to discuss how they can best provide facilities and services to enable large-scale data-driven scientific discovery at the DOE national laboratories. The report contains findings from that review.

Gerber, Richard; Allcock, William; Beggio, Chris; Campbell, Stuart; Cherry, Andrew; Cholia, Shreyas; Dart, Eli; England, Clay; Fahey, Tim; Foertter, Fernanda; Goldstone, Robin; Hick, Jason; Karelitz, David; Kelly, Kaki; Monroe, Laura; Prabhat,; Skinner, David; White, Julia

2014-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

62

Microfluidic Large-Scale Integration: The Evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microfluidic Large-Scale Integration: The Evolution of Design Rules for Biological Automation, polydimethylsiloxane Abstract Microfluidic large-scale integration (mLSI) refers to the develop- ment of microfluidic, are discussed. Several microfluidic components used as building blocks to create effective, complex, and highly

Quake, Stephen R.

63

Large scale electronic structure calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We formulate the Kohn-Sham density functional theory in terms of nonorthogonal, localized orbitals. Within this formulation we introduce a simple and effective method to localize the orbitals. Our approach leads to a plane-wave-based algorithm for total energy calculations whose computational complexity is of O(N), where N is the number of electrons. This opens the way to calculations of unprecedented scale. Our method appears to be of general character and applicable in other contexts such as quantum chemical or projected quantum Monte Carlo calculations.

Giulia Galli and Michele Parrinello

1992-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

64

DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications Large scale Python and other dynamic applications may spend huge...

65

Energy Department Requests Proposals for Advanced Scientific Computing  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Energy Energy Department Requests Proposals for Advanced Scientific Computing Research News Featured Articles Science Headlines 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 12.27.05 Energy Department Requests Proposals for Advanced Scientific Computing Research Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy's Office of Science and the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) have issued a joint Request for Proposals for advanced scientific computing research. DOE expects to fund $67 million annually for three years to five years under its Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC) research program.'

66

Energy Department Seeks Proposals to Use Scientific Computing...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE's missions," said Secretary Bodman. "This program opens up the world of high-performance computing to a broad array of scientific users. Through the use of these advanced...

67

National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center 2007 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents highlights of the research conducted on NERSC computers in a variety of scientific disciplines during the year 2007. It also reports on changes and upgrades to NERSC's systems and services aswell as activities of NERSC staff.

Hules, John A.; Bashor, Jon; Wang, Ucilia; Yarris, Lynn; Preuss, Paul

2008-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

68

Some applications of pipelining techniques in parallel scientific computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we study the applicability of pipelining techniques to the development of parallel algorithms for scientific computation. General principles for pipelining techniques are discussed and two applications, Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization...

Deng, Yuanhua

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

69

Scientific Computations on Modern Parallel Vector Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Computational scientists have seen a frustrating trend of stagnating application performance despite dramatic increases in the claimed peak capability of high performance computing systems. This trend has been widely attributed to the use of superscalar-based ...

Leonid Oliker; Andrew Canning; Jonathan Carter; John Shalf; Stephane Ethier

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Large Scale Quantum-mechanical Calculations of Proteins, Nanomaterials and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Scale Quantum-mechanical Calculations of Proteins, Nanomaterials and Large Scale Quantum-mechanical Calculations of Proteins, Nanomaterials and Other Large Systems Event Sponsor: Leadership Computing Facility Seminar Start Date: Dec 5 2013 - 2:00pm Building/Room: Building 240/Room 4301 Location: Argonne National Laboratory Speaker(s): Dmitri G. Fedorov Speaker(s) Title: National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) Host: Yuri Alexeev Our approach to large scale calculations is based on fragmenting a molecular system into pieces, and performing quantum-mechanical calculations of these fragments and their pairs in the fragment molecular orbital method (FMO). After a brief summary of the methodology, some typical applications to protein-ligand complexes, chemical reactions in explicit solvent, and nanomaterials (silicon nanowires, zeolites.

71

Theoretical Tools for Large Scale Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the main theoretical aspects of the structure formation paradigm which impinge upon wide angle surveys: the early universe generation of gravitational metric fluctuations from quantum noise in scalar inflaton fields; the well understood and computed linear regime of CMB anisotropy and large scale structure (LSS) generation; the weakly nonlinear regime, where higher order perturbation theory works well, and where the cosmic web picture operates, describing an interconnected LSS of clusters bridged by filaments, with membranes as the intrafilament webbing. Current CMB+LSS data favour the simplest inflation-based $\\Lambda$CDM models, with a primordial spectral index within about 5% of scale invariant and $\\Omega_\\Lambda \\approx 2/3$, similar to that inferred from SNIa observations, and with open CDM models strongly disfavoured. The attack on the nonlinear regime with a variety of N-body and gas codes is described, as are the excursion set and peak-patch semianalytic approaches to object collapse. The ingredients are mixed together in an illustrative gasdynamical simulation of dense supercluster formation.

J. R. Bond; L. Kofman; D. Pogosyan; J. Wadsley

1998-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

72

Program Management for Large Scale Engineering Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this whitepaper is to summarize the LAI research that applies to program management. The context of most of the research discussed in this whitepaper are large-scale engineering programs, particularly in the ...

Oehmen, Josef

73

Math 330 -Introduction to Scientific Computing -Fall 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of theoretical problems as well as computational projects. We will use MATLAB in throughout the course. I, by Burden, R. L., and Faires, J. D. · Course Overview: 1. Introduction to Scientific Computing and MATLAB 2 will provide a MATLAB tutorial. Solutions to the homework problems will be posted. Each homework paper

Turc, Catalin

74

Scientific Computation Survey of Research Interests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Agricultural Engineering Astronomy Biochemistry Chemical Engineering Chemical Physics Chemistry Civil _________________________________________________________________________ Date _____________________ Areas of Research Aerospace Engineering Biomedical Engineering Biosystems Engineering Computer Science Electrical Engineering Geology Geophysics Mathematics Mechanical Engineering

Thomas, David D.

75

RAPPORT: running scientific high-performance computing applications on the cloud  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...RAPPORT: running scientific high-performance computing applications on the cloud...for running scientific high-performance computing (HPC) software. The...platforms. cloud computing|high-performance computing|data-intensive research...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

The Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LBA (Amazon) LBA (Amazon) The Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA) Overview [LBA Logo] The Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA) is an international research initiative conducted from 1995-2005 and led by Brazil. The LBA Project encompasses several scientific disciplines, or components. The LBA-ECO component focuses on the question: "How do tropical forest conversion, regrowth, and selective logging influence carbon storage, nutrient dynamics, trace gas fluxes, and the prospect for sustainable land use in Amazonia?" The Amazon rain forest or Amazonia, is the largest remaining expanse of tropical rain forest on Earth, harboring approximately one-third of all Earth's species. Although the rain forest's area is so large that it

77

Preparing scientific application software for exascale computing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many of the most widely used scientifc application software of today were developed largely during a time when the typical amount of compute cores was calculated in tens or hundreds. Within a not too distant future the number of cores will be calculated ... Keywords: HemeLB, IFS, NEK5000, elmfire, exascale, gromacs, openFOAM, optimization, science application software

J. A. Åström; A. Carter; J. Hetherington; K. Ioakimidis; E. Lindahl; G. Mozdzynski; R. W. Nash; P. Schlatter; A. Signell; J. Westerholm

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Parallel supercomputing: Advanced methods, algorithms, and software for large-scale linear and nonlinear problems  

SciTech Connect

The program outlined here is directed to research on methods, algorithms, and software for distributed parallel supercomputers. Of particular interest are finite element methods and finite difference methods together with sparse iterative solution schemes for scientific and engineering computations of very large-scale systems. Both linear and nonlinear problems will be investigated. In the nonlinear case, applications with bifurcation to multiple solutions will be considered using continuation strategies. The parallelizable numerical methods of particular interest are a family of partitioning schemes embracing domain decomposition, element-by-element strategies, and multi-level techniques. The methods will be further developed incorporating parallel iterative solution algorithms with associated preconditioners in parallel computer software. The schemes will be implemented on distributed memory parallel architectures such as the CRAY MPP, Intel Paragon, the NCUBE3, and the Connection Machine. We will also consider other new architectures such as the Kendall-Square (KSQ) and proposed machines such as the TERA. The applications will focus on large-scale three-dimensional nonlinear flow and reservoir problems with strong convective transport contributions. These are legitimate grand challenge class computational fluid dynamics (CFD) problems of significant practical interest to DOE. The methods developed and algorithms will, however, be of wider interest.

Carey, G.F.; Young, D.M.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

79

7, 1553315563, 2007 Large-scale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Pacific, correlations with CO, CO2, CH4, and C2Cl4 were dif- fuse overall, but recognizable on flights out Chemistry and Physics Discussions Factors influencing the large-scale distribution of Hg in the Mexico City the Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment Phase B (INTEX-B) cam- paign in spring 2006. Flights were conducted

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

80

National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) | U.S. DOE  

Office of Science (SC) Website

National National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Home About Research Facilities Accessing ASCR Supercomputers Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) Research & Evaluation Prototypes (REP) Innovative & Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) ASCR Leadership Computing Challenge (ALCC) Science Highlights Benefits of ASCR Funding Opportunities Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) News & Resources Contact Information Advanced Scientific Computing Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-21/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-7486 F: (301)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

A Study of the Coverage of Large-scale Sensor Benyuan Liu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

networks. I. INTRODUCTION Advances in micro-sensor and communication technologies have made it possibleA Study of the Coverage of Large-scale Sensor Networks Benyuan Liu Department of Computer Science study the coverage properties of large-scale sensor networks. Three coverage measures are defined

Liu, Benyuan

82

Towards Automatic Incorporation of Search engines into a Large-Scale Metasearch Engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Towards Automatic Incorporation of Search engines into a Large-Scale Metasearch Engine Zonghuan Wu. of Computer Science Univ. of Illinois at Chicago yu@cs.uic.edu Abstract A metasearch engine supports unified access to multiple component search engines. To build a very large-scale metasearch engine that can

Meng, Weiyi

83

Visualizing a Large-Scale Structure of Production Network by N-Body Simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......forming specialized production flows. An example...Air-Water Industrial Gas (17/18), Kyowa...Large-Scale Structure of Production Network 171 4...the computational cost is largest for the...the calculation cost being preferred...Large-Scale Structure of Production Network 173 Fig......

Yoshi Fujiwara

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) Homepage | U.S.  

Office of Science (SC) Website

ASCAC Home ASCAC Home Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) ASCAC Home Meetings Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (38KB) ASCR Committees of Visitors ASCR Home Exascale Advisory Committee Report .pdf file (2.1MB) The Opportunities and Challenges of Exascale Computing The Exascale initiative will be significant and transformative for Department of Energy missions. The ASCAC Subcommitte report is available to revew.Read More .pdf file (2.1MB) Exascale picture 1 of 2 Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page ADDITIONAL INFORMATION About ASCAC Contact ASCAC Email: ascr@science.doe.gov Phone: 301-903-7486 ASCAC DFO: Mrs. Christine Chalk COMMITTEE MANAGERS: Mrs. Melea Baker Dr. Lucy Nowell COMMITTEE CHAIR Dr. Roscoe C. Giles ASCR AD J. Steve Binkley The Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC), established

85

A Distribution Oblivious Scalable Approach for Large-Scale Scientific...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

common to most higher-level SDP applications. Based on distribution-independent parallel spatial data structures, develop core parallel region query algorithms whose runtimes are...

86

Energy Department Applauds Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Applauds Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage Facility Energy Department Applauds Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage...

87

Hybrid Parallelism for Volume Rendering at Large Scale at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Volume Rendering at Large Scale Hybrid Parallelism for Volume Rendering at Large Scale volrend-swes.png We studied the performance and scalability characteristics of hybrid''...

88

Microsoft Word - The_Advanced_Networks_and_Services_Underpinning_Modern,Large-Scale_Science.SciDAC.v5.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

: Advanced Networking and Services : Advanced Networking and Services Supporting the Science Mission of DOE's Office of Science William E. Johnston ESnet Dept. Head and Senior Scientist Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory May, 2007 1 Introduction In many ways, the dramatic achievements in scientific discovery through advanced computing and the discoveries of the increasingly large-scale instruments with their enormous data handling and remote collaboration requirements, have been made possible by accompanying accomplishments in high performance networking. As increasingly advanced supercomputers and experimental research facilities have provided researchers powerful tools with unprecedented capabilities, advancements in networks connecting scientists to these tools have made these research facilities available to broader communities

89

Large-Scale Renewable Energy Guide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Guide Renewable Energy Guide Brad Gustafson, FEMP 2 Large-scale RE Guide Large-scale RE Guide: Developing Renewable Energy Projects Larger than 10 MWs at Federal Facilities Introduction and Overview Federal Utility Partnership Working Group May 22, 2013 Federal Energy Management Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy 3 Federal Energy Management Program FEMP works with key individuals to accomplish energy change within organizations by bringing expertise from all levels of project and policy implementation to enable Federal Agencies to meet energy related goals and to provide energy leadership to the country. 4 FEMP Renewable Energy * Works to increase the proportion of renewable energy in the Federal government's energy mix.

90

The large-scale structure of vacuum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The vacuum state in quantum field theory is known to exhibit an important number of fundamental physical features. In this work we explore the possibility that this state could also present a non-trivial space-time structure on large scales. In particular, we will show that by imposing the renormalized vacuum energy-momentum tensor to be conserved and compatible with cosmological observations, the vacuum energy of sufficiently heavy fields behaves at late times as non-relativistic matter rather than as a cosmological constant. In this limit, the vacuum state supports perturbations whose speed of sound is negligible and accordingly allows the growth of structures in the vacuum energy itself. This large-scale structure of vacuum could seed the formation of galaxies and clusters very much in the same way as cold dark matter does.

Albareti, F D; Maroto, A L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Computer network access to scientific information systems for minority universities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The evolution of computer networking technology has lead to the establishment of a massive networking infrastructure which interconnects various types of computing resources at many government academic and corporate institutions. A large segment of this infrastructure has been developed to facilitate information exchange and resource sharing within the scientific community. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) supports both the development and the application of computer networks which provide its community with access to many valuable multi?disciplinary scientific information systems and on?line databases. Recognizing the need to extend the benefits of this advanced networking technology to the under?represented community the National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC) in the Space Data and Computing Division at the Goddard Space Flight Center has developed the Minority University?Space Interdisciplinary Network (MU?SPIN) Program: a major networking and education initiative for Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and Minority Universities (MUs). In this paper we will briefly explain the various components of the MU?SPIN Program while highlighting how by providing access to scientific information systems and on?line data it promotes a higher level of collaboration among faculty and students and NASA scientists.

Valerie L. Thomas; Nagi T. Wakim

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Power-aware applications for scientific cluster and distributed computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aggregate power use of computing hardware is an important cost factor in scientific cluster and distributed computing systems. The Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) is a major example of such a distributed computing system, used primarily for high throughput computing (HTC) applications. It has a computing capacity and power consumption rivaling that of the largest supercomputers. The computing capacity required from this system is also expected to grow over the next decade. Optimizing the power utilization and cost of such systems is thus of great interest. A number of trends currently underway will provide new opportunities for power-aware optimizations. We discuss how power-aware software applications and scheduling might be used to reduce power consumption, both as autonomous entities and as part of a (globally) distributed system. As concrete examples of computing centers we provide information on the large HEP-focused Tier-1 at FNAL, and the Tigress High Performance Computing Center at Princeton University, which provides HPC resources in a university context.

David Abdurachmanov; Peter Elmer; Giulio Eulisse; Paola Grosso; Curtis Hillegas; Burt Holzman; Ruben L. Janssen; Sander Klous; Robert Knight; Shahzad Muzaffar

2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

93

E-Print Network 3.0 - analysis scientific computing Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of - Energy and Geoscience Institute, Geothermal Research Group Collection: Renewable Energy ; Geosciences 11 Advanced Research in High Performance Scientific Computing...

94

Model-Constrained Optimization Methods for Reduction of Parameterized Large-Scale Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most model reduction techniques employ a projection framework that utilizes a reduced-space basis. The basis is usually formed as the span of a set of solutions of the large-scale system, which are computed for selected ...

Tan, Bui-Thanh

95

Model-constrained optimization methods for reduction of parameterized large-scale systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most model reduction techniques employ a projection framework that utilizes a reduced-space basis. The basis is usually formed as the span of a set of solutions of the large-scale system, which are computed for selected ...

Bui-Thanh, Tan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Mesh generation and mesh adaptation for large-scale Earth-system modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...coexist with a grid generation approach for complex...bathymetry). Mesh generation is a computational fluid...aircraft or inside a nuclear reactor. In-the large-scale...environmental community, mesh generation research has been largely...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Energy-Aware Resource Management and Green Energy Use for Large-Scale Datacenters: A Survey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As cloud computing gains a lot of attention that provides various service abilities, large-scale datacenters become dominant components of the cloud infrastructure. Huge energy consumption appears to be nonignora...

Xiaoying Wang; Xiaojing Liu; Lihua Fan…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Modeling and Analysis of Large-Scale On-Chip Interconnects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in computer aided design areas. This dissertation presents new methodologies for addressing the above two important challenging issues for large scale on-chip interconnect modeling and analysis: In the past, the standard statistical circuit modeling techniques...

Feng, Zhuo

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

99

E-Print Network 3.0 - air reveals large-scale Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reduce PS,1,1,0,Pa, surface... 12;LargeScale Data Analytics beyond MapReduce Text Mining in the Biosciences Cleansing ... Source: Swedish Institute of Computer Science,...

100

Large-Scale Cotton Production in Texas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

introduction of tractor power and improved farm machinery in cotton-growing, the new methods in cotton har- vesting, and the recent improvements in machinery for ex- tracting the burs and cleaning the lint in the ginning process, mark the beginning of a new.... Specifically, it seeks: (1) to describe the common practices and show the ac- complishn~ents in the principal operations involved in large- scale cotton production, (2) to compare the use of animal and tractor power, (3) to point out the influence...

Gabbard, L. P. (Letcher P.); Jones, Fred Rufus

1927-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Departments of Computer Science, Mathematics, and Statistics SCIENTIFIC AND STATISTICAL COMPUTING SEMINAR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Departments of Computer Science, Mathematics, and Statistics SCIENTIFIC AND STATISTICAL COMPUTING research institution, founded in 2009 by King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, with research thrusts in energy Hikmah that gave the world some of its modern mathematics, physics, chemistry, and medicine, KAUST has

Stephens, Matthew

102

Large-scale adaptive mantle convection simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage...International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage...International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage......

Carsten Burstedde; Georg Stadler; Laura Alisic; Lucas C. Wilcox; Eh Tan; Michael Gurnis; Omar Ghattas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC) | U.S. DOE Office  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Scientific Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC) Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Home About Research Applied Mathematics Computer Science Next Generation Networking Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC) Co-Design SciDAC Institutes Computational Science Graduate Fellowship (CSGF) ASCR SBIR-STTR Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of ASCR Funding Opportunities Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) News & Resources Contact Information Advanced Scientific Computing Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-21/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-7486 F: (301) 903-4846 E: sc.ascr@science.doe.gov More Information » Research Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC)

104

Parallel Index and Query for Large Scale Data Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Modern scientific datasets present numerous data management and analysis challenges. State-of-the-art index and query technologies are critical for facilitating interactive exploration of large datasets, but numerous challenges remain in terms of designing a system for process- ing general scientific datasets. The system needs to be able to run on distributed multi-core platforms, efficiently utilize underlying I/O infrastructure, and scale to massive datasets. We present FastQuery, a novel software framework that address these challenges. FastQuery utilizes a state-of-the-art index and query technology (FastBit) and is designed to process mas- sive datasets on modern supercomputing platforms. We apply FastQuery to processing of a massive 50TB dataset generated by a large scale accelerator modeling code. We demonstrate the scalability of the tool to 11,520 cores. Motivated by the scientific need to search for inter- esting particles in this dataset, we use our framework to reduce search time from hours to tens of seconds.

Chou, Jerry; Wu, Kesheng; Ruebel, Oliver; Howison, Mark; Qiang, Ji; Prabhat,; Austin, Brian; Bethel, E. Wes; Ryne, Rob D.; Shoshani, Arie

2011-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

105

Federal Energy Management Program: Large-scale Renewable Energy Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large-scale Large-scale Renewable Energy Projects (Larger than 10 MWs) to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Large-scale Renewable Energy Projects (Larger than 10 MWs) on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Large-scale Renewable Energy Projects (Larger than 10 MWs) on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Large-scale Renewable Energy Projects (Larger than 10 MWs) on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Large-scale Renewable Energy Projects (Larger than 10 MWs) on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Large-scale Renewable Energy Projects (Larger than 10 MWs) on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Large-scale Renewable Energy Projects (Larger than 10 MWs) on

106

Locations of Smart Grid Demonstration and Large-Scale Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Locations of Smart Grid Demonstration and Large-Scale Energy Storage Projects Locations of Smart Grid Demonstration and Large-Scale Energy Storage Projects Map of the United States...

107

FEMP Helps Federal Facilities Develop Large-Scale Renewable Energy...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

FEMP Helps Federal Facilities Develop Large-Scale Renewable Energy Projects FEMP Helps Federal Facilities Develop Large-Scale Renewable Energy Projects August 21, 2013 - 12:00am...

108

Lessons from Large-Scale Renewable Energy Integration Studies...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

including 10% post consumer waste. 1 WREF 2012: LESSONS FROM LARGE-SCALE RENEWABLE ENERGY INTEGRATION STUDIES A number of large-scale studies have been conducted in the...

109

Scientific and Computational Challenges of the Fusion Simulation Program (FSP)  

SciTech Connect

This paper highlights the scientific and computational challenges facing the Fusion Simulation Program (FSP) a major national initiative in the United States with the primary objective being to enable scientific discovery of important new plasma phenomena with associated understanding that emerges only upon integration. This requires developing a predictive integrated simulation capability for magnetically-confined fusion plasmas that are properly validated against experiments in regimes relevant for producing practical fusion energy. It is expected to provide a suite of advanced modeling tools for reliably predicting fusion device behavior with comprehensive and targeted science-based simulations of nonlinearly-coupled phenomena in the core plasma, edge plasma, and wall region on time and space scales required for fusion energy production. As such, it will strive to embody the most current theoretical and experimental understanding of magnetic fusion plasmas and to provide a living framework for the simulation of such plasmas as the associated physics understanding continues to advance over the next several decades. Substantive progress on answering the outstanding scientific questions in the field will drive the FSP toward its ultimate goal of developing the ability to predict the behavior of plasma discharges in toroidal magnetic fusion devices with high physics fidelity on all relevant time and space scales. From a computational perspective, this will demand computing resources in the petascale range and beyond together with the associated multi-core algorithmic formulation needed to address burning plasma issues relevant to ITER - a multibillion dollar collaborative experiment involving seven international partners representing over half the world's population. Even more powerful exascale platforms will be needed to meet the future challenges of designing a demonstration fusion reactor (DEMO). Analogous to other major applied physics modeling projects (e.g., Climate Modeling), the FSP will need to develop software in close collaboration with computers scientists and applied mathematicians and validated against experimental data from tokamaks around the world. Specific examples of expected advances needed to enable such a comprehensive integrated modeling capability and possible "co-design" approaches will be discussed. __________________________________________________

William M. Tang

2011-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

110

Synchronization of coupled large-scale Boolean networks  

SciTech Connect

This paper investigates the complete synchronization and partial synchronization of two large-scale Boolean networks. First, the aggregation algorithm towards large-scale Boolean network is reviewed. Second, the aggregation algorithm is applied to study the complete synchronization and partial synchronization of large-scale Boolean networks. Finally, an illustrative example is presented to show the efficiency of the proposed results.

Li, Fangfei, E-mail: li-fangfei@163.com [Department of Mathematics, East China University of Science and Technology, No. 130, Meilong Road, Shanghai, Shanghai 200237 (China)] [Department of Mathematics, East China University of Science and Technology, No. 130, Meilong Road, Shanghai, Shanghai 200237 (China)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

111

Building a Large Scale Climate Data System in Support of HPC Environment  

SciTech Connect

The Earth System Grid Federation (ESG) is a large scale, multi-institutional, interdisciplinary project that aims to provide climate scientists and impact policy makers worldwide a web-based and client-based platform to publish, disseminate, compare and analyze ever increasing climate related data. This paper describes our practical experiences on the design, development and operation of such a system. In particular, we focus on the support of the data lifecycle from a high performance computing (HPC) perspective that is critical to the end-to-end scientific discovery process. We discuss three subjects that interconnect the consumer and producer of scientific datasets: (1) the motivations, complexities and solutions of deep storage access and sharing in a tightly controlled environment; (2) the importance of scalable and flexible data publication/population; and (3) high performance indexing and search of data with geospatial properties. These perceived corner issues collectively contributed to the overall user experience and proved to be as important as any other architectural design considerations. Although the requirements and challenges are rooted and discussed from a climate science domain context, we believe the architectural problems, ideas and solutions discussed in this paper are generally useful and applicable in a larger scope.

Wang, Feiyi [ORNL] [ORNL; Harney, John F [ORNL] [ORNL; Shipman, Galen M [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Large-Scale Analyses of Glycosylation in Cellulases  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Article Article Large-Scale Analyses of Glycosylation in Cellulases Fengfeng Zhou 1,2 , Victor Olman 1,2 , and Ying Xu 1,2 * 1 Computational Systems Biology Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology / Institute of Bioinformatics, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7229, USA; 2 BioEnergy Science Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37830-8050, USA. *Corresponding author. E-mail: xyn@bmb.uga.edu DOI: 10.1016/S1672-0229(08)60049-2 Cellulases are important glycosyl hydrolases (GHs) that hydrolyze cellulose poly- mers into smaller oligosaccharides by breaking the cellulose β (1→4) bonds, and they are widely used to produce cellulosic ethanol from the plant biomass. N-linked and O-linked glycosylations were proposed to impact the catalytic ef f iciency, cel- lulose binding af f inity and the stability of cellulases based on observations

113

Large-scale gyrokinetic particle simulation of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

form for private use is permitted without payment of royalty provided that (1) each reproduction or distributed royalty free without further permission by computer-based and other information-service systems

Oliker, Leonid

114

Scientific Application Requirements for Leadership Computing at the Exascale  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy s Leadership Computing Facility, located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory s National Center for Computational Sciences, recently polled scientific teams that had large allocations at the center in 2007, asking them to identify computational science requirements for future exascale systems (capable of an exaflop, or 1018 floating point operations per second). These requirements are necessarily speculative, since an exascale system will not be realized until the 2015 2020 timeframe, and are expressed where possible relative to a recent petascale requirements analysis of similar science applications [1]. Our initial findings, which beg further data collection, validation, and analysis, did in fact align with many of our expectations and existing petascale requirements, yet they also contained some surprises, complete with new challenges and opportunities. First and foremost, the breadth and depth of science prospects and benefits on an exascale computing system are striking. Without a doubt, they justify a large investment, even with its inherent risks. The possibilities for return on investment (by any measure) are too large to let us ignore this opportunity. The software opportunities and challenges are enormous. In fact, as one notable computational scientist put it, the scale of questions being asked at the exascale is tremendous and the hardware has gotten way ahead of the software. We are in grave danger of failing because of a software crisis unless concerted investments and coordinating activities are undertaken to reduce and close this hardwaresoftware gap over the next decade. Key to success will be a rigorous requirement for natural mapping of algorithms to hardware in a way that complements (rather than competes with) compilers and runtime systems. The level of abstraction must be raised, and more attention must be paid to functionalities and capabilities that incorporate intent into data structures, are aware of memory hierarchy, possess fault tolerance, exploit asynchronism, and are power-consumption aware. On the other hand, we must also provide application scientists with the ability to develop software without having to become experts in the computer science components. Numerical algorithms are scattered broadly across science domains, with no one particular algorithm being ubiquitous and no one algorithm going unused. Structured grids and dense linear algebra continue to dominate, but other algorithm categories will become more common. A significant increase is projected for Monte Carlo algorithms, unstructured grids, sparse linear algebra, and particle methods, and a relative decrease foreseen in fast Fourier transforms. These projections reflect the expectation of much higher architecture concurrency and the resulting need for very high scalability. The new algorithm categories that application scientists expect to be increasingly important in the next decade include adaptive mesh refinement, implicit nonlinear systems, data assimilation, agent-based methods, parameter continuation, and optimization. The attributes of leadership computing systems expected to increase most in priority over the next decade are (in order of importance) interconnect bandwidth, memory bandwidth, mean time to interrupt, memory latency, and interconnect latency. The attributes expected to decrease most in relative priority are disk latency, archival storage capacity, disk bandwidth, wide area network bandwidth, and local storage capacity. These choices by application developers reflect the expected needs of applications or the expected reality of available hardware. One interpretation is that the increasing priorities reflect the desire to increase computational efficiency to take advantage of increasing peak flops [floating point operations per second], while the decreasing priorities reflect the expectation that computational efficiency will not increase. Per-core requirements appear to be relatively static, while aggregate requirements will grow with the system. This projection is consistent with a r

Ahern, Sean [ORNL; Alam, Sadaf R [ORNL; Fahey, Mark R [ORNL; Hartman-Baker, Rebecca J [ORNL; Barrett, Richard F [ORNL; Kendall, Ricky A [ORNL; Kothe, Douglas B [ORNL; Mills, Richard T [ORNL; Sankaran, Ramanan [ORNL; Tharrington, Arnold N [ORNL; White III, James B [ORNL

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Performance Analysis of Generics in Scientific Computing Laurentiu Dragan Stephen M. Watt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance Analysis of Generics in Scientific Computing Laurentiu Dragan Stephen M. Watt Ontario Research Centre for Computer Algebra University of Western Ontario London, Ontario, Canada N6A 5B7 {ldragan,watt

Watt, Stephen M.

116

Advancing Cellulosic Ethanol for Large Scale Sustainable Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advancing Cellulosic Ethanol for Large Scale SustainableHydrogen Batteries Nuclear By Lee Lynd, Dartmouth Ethanol •Ethanol, ethyl alcohol, fermentation ethanol, or just “

Wyman, C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Solving large scale polynomial convex problems on \\ell_1/nuclear ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 24, 2012 ... Solving large scale polynomial convex problems on \\ell_1/nuclear norm balls by randomized first-order algorithms. Aharon Ben-Tal (abental ...

Aharon Ben-Tal

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

118

Optimization Online - Large-Scale Linear Programming Techniques ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large-Scale Linear Programming Techniques for the Design of Protein Folding Potentials. Michael Wagner (mwagner ***at*** odu.edu) Jaroslaw Meller (jmeller

Michael Wagner

119

Microsoft Word - Vit Plant Large Scale Testing_20110901.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sept. 1, 2011 Hanford Waste Treatment Plant awards large-scale testing subcontract to local engineering firm Testing will enable project to finalize safe mixing design MEDIA...

120

Large Scale GSHP as Alternative Energy for American Farmers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large Scale GSHP as Alternative Energy for American Farmers Shawn Yunsheng Xu University of Missouri May 18, 2010 This presentation does not contain any proprietary confidential,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Large Scale GSHP as Alternative Energy for American Farmers Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scale GSHP as Alternative Energy for American Farmers Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Large Scale GSHP as Alternative...

122

Auxiliary basis expansions for large-scale electronic structure calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

large-scale electronic structure calculations. Yousung Jungcost of electronic structure calculations is to employIntroduction. Electronic structure calculations are normally

Jung, Yousung; Sodt, Alexander; Gill, Peter W.M.; Head-Gordon, Martin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) Scientific Computing Where We Have Been And  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) ­ Scientific Computing ­ Where We Have Been And Where We Are Going! Emphasis on Scientific Computing Mary K Harris, PhD Chief Information Officer Presented 310 square miles ­ Fourth largest DOE site in the United States (behind Nevada Test Site, Idaho

Valtorta, Marco

124

Stabilization Algorithms for Large-Scale Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and valuable support. Likewise, I want to thank James G. Nagy and all the people in the Computer Science group Giuseppe Rodriguez and his colleges at the Department of Mathematics and Informatics, Universit`a di udviklet i samar- bejde med G. Rodriguez og P. C. Hansen. Sidst, men ikke mindst, har en stor del af

125

Training a Large Scale Classifier with the Quantum Adiabatic Algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a previous publication we proposed discrete global optimization as a method to train a strong binary classifier constructed as a thresholded sum over weak classifiers. Our motivation was to cast the training of a classifier into a format amenable to solution by the quantum adiabatic algorithm. Applying adiabatic quantum computing (AQC) promises to yield solutions that are superior to those which can be achieved with classical heuristic solvers. Interestingly we found that by using heuristic solvers to obtain approximate solutions we could already gain an advantage over the standard method AdaBoost. In this communication we generalize the baseline method to large scale classifier training. By large scale we mean that either the cardinality of the dictionary of candidate weak classifiers or the number of weak learners used in the strong classifier exceed the number of variables that can be handled effectively in a single global optimization. For such situations we propose an iterative and piecewise approach in which a subset of weak classifiers is selected in each iteration via global optimization. The strong classifier is then constructed by concatenating the subsets of weak classifiers. We show in numerical studies that the generalized method again successfully competes with AdaBoost. We also provide theoretical arguments as to why the proposed optimization method, which does not only minimize the empirical loss but also adds L0-norm regularization, is superior to versions of boosting that only minimize the empirical loss. By conducting a Quantum Monte Carlo simulation we gather evidence that the quantum adiabatic algorithm is able to handle a generic training problem efficiently.

Hartmut Neven; Vasil S. Denchev; Geordie Rose; William G. Macready

2009-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

126

National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center 2007 Annual Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Directions in High Performance Computing for the Officein the evolution of high performance computing and networks.Hectopascals High performance computing High Performance

Hules, John A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

POWER SYSTEMS STABILITY WITH LARGE-SCALE WIND POWER PENETRATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of offshore wind farms, wind power fluctuations may introduce several challenges to reliable power system behaviour due to natural wind fluctuations. The rapid power fluctuations from the large scale wind farms Generation Control (AGC) system which includes large- scale wind farms for long-term stability simulation

Bak-Jensen, Birgitte

128

Ethics, Logs and Videotape: Ethics in Large Scale User Trials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ethics, Logs and Videotape: Ethics in Large Scale User Trials and User Generated Content Abstract ethical responsibilities we have towards participants. This workshop brings together researchers to discuss the ethical issues of running large-scale user trials, and to provide guidance for future research

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

129

MEMORY MANAGEMENT FOR LARGE-SCALE NUMA MULTIPROCESSORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEMORY MANAGEMENT FOR LARGE-SCALE NUMA MULTIPROCESSORS Thomas J. LeBlanc Brian D. Marsh Michael L@cs.rochester.edu marsh@cs.rochester.edu scott@cs.rochester.edu March 1989 Abstract Large-scale shared-memory multiprocessors such as the BBN Butterfly and IBM RP3 Introduce a new level In the memory hierarchy: multiple

Scott, Michael L.

130

Large-Scale Hydropower Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large-Scale Hydropower Basics Large-Scale Hydropower Basics Large-Scale Hydropower Basics August 14, 2013 - 3:11pm Addthis Large-scale hydropower plants are generally developed to produce electricity for government or electric utility projects. These plants are more than 30 megawatts (MW) in size, and there is more than 80,000 MW of installed generation capacity in the United States today. Most large-scale hydropower projects use a dam and a reservoir to retain water from a river. When the stored water is released, it passes through and rotates turbines, which spin generators to produce electricity. Water stored in a reservoir can be accessed quickly for use during times when the demand for electricity is high. Dammed hydropower projects can also be built as power storage facilities.

131

Large-Scale Hydropower Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large-Scale Hydropower Basics Large-Scale Hydropower Basics Large-Scale Hydropower Basics August 14, 2013 - 3:11pm Addthis Large-scale hydropower plants are generally developed to produce electricity for government or electric utility projects. These plants are more than 30 megawatts (MW) in size, and there is more than 80,000 MW of installed generation capacity in the United States today. Most large-scale hydropower projects use a dam and a reservoir to retain water from a river. When the stored water is released, it passes through and rotates turbines, which spin generators to produce electricity. Water stored in a reservoir can be accessed quickly for use during times when the demand for electricity is high. Dammed hydropower projects can also be built as power storage facilities.

132

Linearly Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for large scale electronic structure calculations. J. Phys.large-scale electronic struc- ture calculations. Phys. Rev.Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations Lin-Wang Wang,

Wang, Lin-Wang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Linear scaling 3D fragment method for large-scale electronic structure calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

large-scale electronic structure calculations. Phys. Rev. B,for large scale electronic structure calculations. J. Phys.Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations Lin-Wang Wang,

Wang, Lin-Wang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Parallel Implementation of a Large-Scale 3-D Air Pollution Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parallel Implementation of a Large-Scale 3-D Air Pollution Model Tzvetan Ostromsky1 and Zahari-4000 Roskilde, Denmark, zz@dmu.dk; http://www.dmu.dk/AtmosphericEnvironment Abstract. Air pollution and analyzed. Keywords: air pollution model, system of PDE's, parallel algorithm, shared memory computer

Ostromsky, Tzvetan

135

False Discovery Control in Large-Scale Spatial Multiple Wenguang Sun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is one of the six criteria pollutants regulated by the US EPA under the Clean Air Act and has been linkedFalse Discovery Control in Large-Scale Spatial Multiple Testing Wenguang Sun University of Southern and computational framework for false discovery control in multiple testing of spatial signals. We consider both

Cai, T. Tony

136

Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) Homepage | U.S. DOE Office of  

Office of Science (SC) Website

ASCR Home ASCR Home Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of ASCR Funding Opportunities Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) News & Resources Contact Information Advanced Scientific Computing Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-21/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-7486 F: (301) 903-4846 E: sc.ascr@science.doe.gov More Information » ASCR Advisory Committee Exascale Report Synergistic Challenges in Data-Intensive Science and Exascale Computing ASCAC Subcommittee Summary Report. This new report discusses the natural synergies among the challenges facing data-intensive science and exascale computing, including the need for a new scientific workflow.

137

Stabilization of Large Scale Structure by Adhesive Gravitational Clustering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The interplay between gravitational and dispersive forces in a multi-streamed medium leads to an effect which is exposed in the present note as the genuine driving force of stabilization of large-scale structure. The conception of `adhesive gravitational clustering' is advanced to interlock the fairly well-understood epoch of formation of large-scale structure and the onset of virialization into objects that are dynamically in equilibrium with their large-scale structure environment. The classical `adhesion model' is opposed to a class of more general models traced from the physical origin of adhesion in kinetic theory.

Thomas Buchert

1999-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

138

Software & GRID Computing for LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Software & GRID Computing for LHC (Computing Work in a Big Group) Frederick Luehring luehring: ­ A short introduction about the LHC and ATLAS · LHC/ATLAS serves as an example of large scale scientific/P609 Presentation F. Luehring Pg. 3 #12;A Little About LHC & ATLAS February 10, 2011 P410/P609

Evans, Hal

139

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Type Ia supernovae, gamma-ray bursts, X-ray bursts and corerelativistic jet, making a gamma-ray burst, the luminositythose that lead to gamma-ray bursts. The current frontier is

Gerber, Richard A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the process of thermonuclear incineration of theircore-collapse and thermonuclear events to test predictionsprocesses. In contrast to thermonuclear supernova modeling,

Gerber, Richard A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

second resulting from a thermonuclear explosion of materialresult from the thermonuclear burning of a carbon-oxygensensitive to how the thermonuclear runaway is ignited (

Gerber, Richard A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Trace-Penalty Minimization for Large-scale Eigenspace Computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... The RR procedure involves solving a p-dimensional ... Although the standard Krylov subspace iterative algorithms can be .... efficiency of our algorithm not by measuring the time it takes to ...... tion of the parallel efficiency of EigPen using the Message Passing Interface (MPI) is also highly expected.

2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

143

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerator science and technology objectives for all applications * Achieve higher energy and intensity, faster and cheaper machine design, more reliable operation a wide...

144

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

research program in Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). This research addresses fundamental questions in high energy and nuclear

Gerber, Richard A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a strong program of research in theoretical nuclear physics,Research     12.1 Overview   The Nuclear Physics programan extensive program of experimental research in nuclear

Gerber, Richard A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Harvey Wasserman! Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a nd reach a greement o n k ey fi ndings Expectations: Final Report * Final r eports f rom 2 009---2011 w orkshops ( Target: 2014) on web - h%p:www.nersc.govscience...

147

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic Spectrometer, Dark Energy Survey, Palomar Transientform the basis for dark energy surveys. Unlike high-redshiftDark Energy Mission (JDEM) and the Large Synoptic Sky Survey (

Gerber, Richard A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low-Energy Nuclear Physics National Joseph Carlson / HPC Initiative: Building a Universal Joseph Carlson Jonathan Engel Nuclear Energy Density Functional Structure and Reactions

Gerber, Richard A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

neutrino matrix. Neutrinoless double beta decay experiments,process called neutrinoless double beta decay in nuclei,

Gerber, Richard A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

DOE Completes Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project Awards | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Completes Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project Awards Completes Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project Awards DOE Completes Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project Awards November 17, 2008 - 4:58pm Addthis Regional Partner to Demonstrate Safe and Permanent Storage of 2 Million Tons of CO2 at Wyoming Site WASHINGTON, DC - Completing a series of awards through its Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today awarded $66.9 million to the Big Sky Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership for the Department's seventh large-scale carbon sequestration project. Led by Montana State University-Bozeman, the Partnership will conduct a large-volume test in the Nugget Sandstone formation to demonstrate the ability of a geologic formation to safely, permanently and economically

151

Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture, Storage Plant Begins Construction |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture, Storage Plant Begins Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture, Storage Plant Begins Construction Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture, Storage Plant Begins Construction August 24, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Construction activities have begun at an Illinois ethanol plant that will demonstrate carbon capture and storage. The project, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy, is the first large-scale integrated carbon capture and storage (CCS) demonstration project funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) to move into the construction phase. Led by the Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM), a member of DOE's Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium, the Illinois-ICCS project is designed to sequester approximately 2,500 metric tons of carbon dioxide

152

Energy Department Applauds Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial Carbon  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage Facility Energy Department Applauds Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage Facility August 24, 2011 - 6:23pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy issued the following statement in support of today's groundbreaking for construction of the nation's first large-scale industrial carbon capture and storage (ICCS) facility in Decatur, Illinois. Supported by the 2009 economic stimulus legislation - the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - the ambitious project will capture and store one million tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) per year produced as the result of processing corn into fuel-grade ethanol from the nearby Archer Daniels Midland biofuels plant. Since all of

153

DOE Completes Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project Awards | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Completes Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project Awards DOE Completes Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project Awards DOE Completes Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project Awards November 17, 2008 - 4:58pm Addthis Regional Partner to Demonstrate Safe and Permanent Storage of 2 Million Tons of CO2 at Wyoming Site WASHINGTON, DC - Completing a series of awards through its Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today awarded $66.9 million to the Big Sky Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership for the Department's seventh large-scale carbon sequestration project. Led by Montana State University-Bozeman, the Partnership will conduct a large-volume test in the Nugget Sandstone formation to demonstrate the ability of a geologic formation to safely, permanently and economically

154

ARM - Evaluation Product - Vertical Air Motion during Large-Scale  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsVertical Air Motion during Large-Scale ProductsVertical Air Motion during Large-Scale Stratiform Rain Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Vertical Air Motion during Large-Scale Stratiform Rain Site(s) NIM SGP General Description The Vertical Air Motion during Large-Scale Stratiform Rain (VERVELSR) value-added product (VAP) uses the unique properties of a 95-GHz radar Doppler velocity spectra to produce vertical profiles of air motion during low-to-moderate (1-20 mm/hr) rainfall events It is designed to run at ARM sites that include a W-band ARM cloud radar (WACR) radar with spectra data processing. The VERVELSR VAP, based on the work of Giangrande et al. (2010), operates by exploiting a resonance effect that occurs in

155

Energy Department Applauds Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial Carbon  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Department Applauds Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial Energy Department Applauds Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage Facility Energy Department Applauds Nation's First Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage Facility August 24, 2011 - 6:23pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy issued the following statement in support of today's groundbreaking for construction of the nation's first large-scale industrial carbon capture and storage (ICCS) facility in Decatur, Illinois. Supported by the 2009 economic stimulus legislation - the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - the ambitious project will capture and store one million tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) per year produced as the result of processing corn into fuel-grade ethanol from the nearby Archer Daniels Midland biofuels plant. Since all of

156

Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture, Storage Plant Begins Construction |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture, Storage Plant Begins Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture, Storage Plant Begins Construction Large-Scale Industrial Carbon Capture, Storage Plant Begins Construction August 24, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Construction activities have begun at an Illinois ethanol plant that will demonstrate carbon capture and storage. The project, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy, is the first large-scale integrated carbon capture and storage (CCS) demonstration project funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) to move into the construction phase. Led by the Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM), a member of DOE's Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium, the Illinois-ICCS project is designed to sequester approximately 2,500 metric tons of carbon dioxide

157

How Three Retail Buyers Source Large-Scale Solar Electricity  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Large-scale, non-utility solar power purchase agreements (PPAs) are still a rarity despite the growing popularity of PPAs across the country. In this webinar, participants will learn more about how...

158

Retroreflective shadowgraph technique for large-scale flow visualization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for large-scale flow visualization, the simple shadow- graph can often provide the most robust solution photographed the shadowgram of a blasting-cap ex- plosion outdoors in daylight (see Fig. 6.14a of [1]). One

Settles, Gary S.

159

Surrogate modeling for large-scale black-box systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research introduces a systematic method to reduce the complexity of large-scale blackbox systems for which the governing equations are unavailable. For such systems, surrogate models are critical for many applications, ...

Liem, Rhea Patricia

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Large-Scale Industrial CCS Projects Selected for Continued Testing |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large-Scale Industrial CCS Projects Selected for Continued Testing Large-Scale Industrial CCS Projects Selected for Continued Testing Large-Scale Industrial CCS Projects Selected for Continued Testing June 10, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Three Recovery Act funded projects have been selected by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to continue testing large-scale carbon capture and storage (CCS) from industrial sources. The projects - located in Texas, Illinois, and Louisiana - were initially selected for funding in October 2009 as part of a $1.4 billion effort to capture carbon dioxide (CO2) from industrial sources for storage or beneficial use. The first phase of research and development (R&D) included $21.6 million in Recovery Act funding and $22.5 million in private funding for a total initial investment of $44.1 million.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

DOE Awards First Three Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Projects |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

First Three Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Projects First Three Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Projects DOE Awards First Three Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Projects October 9, 2007 - 3:14pm Addthis U.S. Projects Total $318 Million and Further President Bush's Initiatives to Advance Clean Energy Technologies to Confront Climate Change WASHINGTON, DC - In a major step forward for demonstrating the promise of clean energy technology, U.S Deputy Secretary of Energy Clay Sell today announced that the Department of Energy (DOE) awarded the first three large-scale carbon sequestration projects in the United States and the largest single set in the world to date. The three projects - Plains Carbon Dioxide Reduction Partnership; Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership; and Southwest Regional Partnership for Carbon

162

International Journal of Foundations of Computer Science fl World Scientific Publishing Company  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Journal of Foundations of Computer Science c fl World Scientific Publishing Company Science, University of Idaho Moscow, Idaho 83844­1010, USA and MOSHE DROR MIS Department, University

Krings, Axel W.

163

Holographic principle and large scale structure in the universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A reasonable representation of large scale structure, in a closed universe so large it's nearly flat, can be developed by extending the holographic principle and assuming the bits of information describing the distribution of matter density in the universe remain in thermal equilibrium with the cosmic microwave background radiation. The analysis identifies three levels of self-similar large scale structure, corresponding to superclusters, galaxies, and star clusters, between today's observable universe and stellar systems. The self-similarity arises because, according to the virial theorem, the average gravitational potential energy per unit volume in each structural level is the same and depends only on the gravitational constant. The analysis indicates stellar systems first formed at z\\approx62, consistent with the findings of Naoz et al, and self-similar large scale structures began to appear at redshift z\\approx4. It outlines general features of development of self-similar large scale structures at redshift z<4. The analysis is consistent with observations for angular momentum of large scale structures as a function of mass, and average speed of substructures within large scale structures. The analysis also indicates relaxation times for star clusters are generally less than the age of the universe and relaxation times for more massive structures are greater than the age of the universe.

T. R. Mongan

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

164

Lateral solids dispersion coefficient in large-scale fluidized beds  

SciTech Connect

The design of fuel feed ports in a large-scale fluidized bed combustor depends on the fuel characteristics and lateral solids mixing. However, the reported values of the effective lateral solids dispersion coefficient (D{sub sr}) are scattered in the broad range of 0.0001-0.1 m{sup 2}/s. With the aim of predicting D{sub sr} in wider fluidized beds which is difficult to measure directly or deduce from experimental results in lab-scale facilities, a computational method is proposed. It combines the Eulerian-Granular simulation and fictitious particle tracing technique. The value of D{sub sr} is calculated based on the movement of the tracers. The effect on D{sub sr} of bed width (W) ranging from 0.4 m up to 12.8 m at different levels of superficial gas velocity (U{sub 0}) is investigated. It is found that increasing W whilst maintaining U{sub 0}, D{sub sr} initially increases markedly, then its increase rate declines, and finally it stays around a constant value. The computed values of D{sub sr} are examined quantitatively and compared with a thorough list of the measured D{sub sr} in the literature since 1980s. Agreed with the measurements performed in the pilot-scale fluidized beds, the value of D{sub sr} in wider facilities at higher fluidizing velocities is predicted to be around the order of magnitude of 0.1 m{sup 2}/s, much higher than that in lab-scale beds. Finally, the effect of D{sub sr} on the distribution of fuel particles over the cross section in fluidized beds with the specified layout of feed ports is discussed. (author)

Liu, Daoyin; Chen, Xiaoping [School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

The IR-resummed Effective Field Theory of Large Scale Structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new method to resum the effect of large scale motions in the Effective Field Theory of Large Scale Structures. Because the linear power spectrum in $\\Lambda$CDM is not scale free the effects of the large scale flows are enhanced. Although previous EFT calculations of the equal-time density power spectrum at one and two loops showed a remarkable agreement with numerical results, they also showed a 2% residual which appeared related to the BAO oscillations. We show that this was indeed the case, explain the physical origin and show how a Lagrangian based calculation removes this differences. We propose a simple method to upgrade existing Eulerian calculations to effectively make them Lagrangian and compare the new results with existing fits to numerical simulations. Our new two-loop results agrees with numerical results up to $k\\sim 0.6 h/$Mpc to within 1% with no oscillatory residuals. We also compute power spectra involving momentum which is significantly more affected by the large scale flows. We show how keeping track of these velocities significantly enhances the UV reach of the momentum power spectrum in addition to removing the BAO related residuals. We compute predictions for the real space correlation function around the BAO scale and investigate its sensitivity to the EFT parameters and the details of the resummation technique.

Leonardo Senatore; Matias Zaldarriaga

2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

166

Math 330 -Introduction to Scientific Computing -Spring 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

will #12;consist of theoretical problems as well as computational projects. We will use MATLAB Computing and MATLAB 2. Systems of linear equations: Conditioning and stability 3. Solving linear systems in throughout the course. I will provide a MATLAB tutorial. Solutions to the homework problems will be posted

Turc, Catalin

167

International Scientific Conference Computer Science'2008 Near-Native Protein Folding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Scientific Conference Computer Science'2008 61 Near-Native Protein Folding Stefka: The protein folding problem is a fundamental problem in computational molecular biology. The high resolution 3. After that the folding problem is de- fined like optimization problem. Keywords: Protein folding

Fidanova, Stefka

168

Cloud computing security: the scientific challenge, and a survey of solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cloud computing security: the scientific challenge, and a survey of solutions Mark D. Ryan University of Birmingham January 28, 2013 Abstract We briefly survey issues in cloud computing security. The fact that data is shared with the cloud service provider is identified as the core sci- entific problem

Ryan, Mark

169

COMMENTS OF THE LARGE-SCALE SOLAR ASSOCIATION TO DEPARTMENT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

COMMENTS OF THE LARGE-SCALE SOLAR ASSOCIATION TO DEPARTMENT COMMENTS OF THE LARGE-SCALE SOLAR ASSOCIATION TO DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY'S RAPID RESPONSE TEAM FOR TRANSMISSION'S REQUEST FOR INFORMATION Submitted by electronic mail to: Lamont.Jackson@hq.doe.gov The Large-scale Solar Association appreciates this opportunity to respond to the Department of Energy's (DOE) Rapid Response Team for Transmission's (RRTT) Request for Information. 1 We applaud the DOE for creating the RRTT and continuing to advance the efforts already made under the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) entered into by nine Federal agencies in 2009 to expedite electric transmission construction. We also applaud the federal and state agencies that have expanded the Renewable Energy Policy Group and the Renewable Energy Action Team in California to focus on transmission, and hope that the tremendous

170

Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and Utilization Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and Utilization January 25, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A breakthrough carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) project in Texas has begun capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) and piping it to an oilfield for use in enhanced oil recovery (EOR). Read the project factsheet The project at Air Products and Chemicals hydrogen production facility in Port Arthur, Texas, is significant for demonstrating both the effectiveness and commercial viability of CCUS technology as an option in helping mitigate atmospheric CO2 emissions. Funded in part through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), the project is managed by the U.S.

171

Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and Utilization Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and Utilization January 25, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A breakthrough carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) project in Texas has begun capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) and piping it to an oilfield for use in enhanced oil recovery (EOR). Read the project factsheet The project at Air Products and Chemicals hydrogen production facility in Port Arthur, Texas, is significant for demonstrating both the effectiveness and commercial viability of CCUS technology as an option in helping mitigate atmospheric CO2 emissions. Funded in part through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), the project is managed by the U.S.

172

Nevada Weatherizes Large-Scale Complex | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nevada Weatherizes Large-Scale Complex Nevada Weatherizes Large-Scale Complex Nevada Weatherizes Large-Scale Complex July 1, 2010 - 10:11am Addthis What does this project do? This nonprofit weatherized a 22-unit low-income multifamily complex, reducing the building's duct leakage from 90 percent to just 5 percent. The weatherization program of the Rural Nevada Development Corporation (RNDC) reached a recent success in its eleven counties-wide territory. In June, the nonprofit finished weatherizing a 22-unit low-income multifamily complex, reducing the building's duct leakage from 90 percent to just 5 percent. "That is one big savings and is why I am proud of this project," says Dru Simerson, RNDC Weatherization Manager. RNDC's crew replaced all windows and 17 furnaces and installed floor

173

Laboratory Directed Research & Development Page National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Development & Development Page National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center T3E Individual Node Optimization Michael Stewart, SGI/Cray, 4/9/98 * Introduction * T3E Processor * T3E Local Memory * Cache Structure * Optimizing Codes for Cache Usage * Loop Unrolling * Other Useful Optimization Options * References 1 Laboratory Directed Research & Development Page National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center Introduction * Primary topic will be single processor optimization * Most codes on the T3E are dominated by computation * Processor interconnect specifically designed for high performance codes, unlike the T3E processor * More detailed information available on the web (see References) * Fortran oriented, but I will give C compiler flag equivalents.

174

Computing Frontier: Distributed Computing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computing Computing Frontier: Distributed Computing and Facility Infrastructures Conveners: Kenneth Bloom 1 , Richard Gerber 2 1 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nebraska-Lincoln 2 National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1.1 Introduction The field of particle physics has become increasingly reliant on large-scale computing resources to address the challenges of analyzing large datasets, completing specialized computations and simulations, and allowing for wide-spread participation of large groups of researchers. For a variety of reasons, these resources have become more distributed over a large geographic area, and some resources are highly specialized computing machines. In this report for the Snowmass Computing Frontier Study, we consider several questions about distributed computing

175

Chapter 9 - Large-Scale Hydrogen Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Storage technologies are essential for the integration of fluctuating renewable energies. Large scale storage provides grid stability, which are fundamental for a reliable energy systems and the energy balancing in hours to weeks time ranges to match demand and supply. Our system analysis showed that storage needs are in the two-digit terawatt hour and gigawatt range. Other reports confirm that assessment by stating that by 2040, 40 TWh would be required for this application. The present chapter outlines the general components and functions as well as the economics of a large-scale hydrogen energy storage system.

Erik Wolf

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Certainty in Stockpile Computing: Recommending a Verification and Validation Program for Scientific Software  

SciTech Connect

As computing assumes a more central role in managing the nuclear stockpile, the consequences of an erroneous computer simulation could be severe. Computational failures are common in other endeavors and have caused project failures, significant economic loss, and loss of life. This report examines the causes of software failure and proposes steps to mitigate them. A formal verification and validation program for scientific software is recommended and described.

Lee, J.R.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Parallel Stochastic Gradient Algorithms for Large-Scale Matrix ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On large-scale matrix completion tasks, Jellyfish is orders of magnitude more efficient than ...... NNLS was written in Matlab, and some of the functions are available .... Figure 6: Low-Rank Factorization Graph on (A) Movielens1M and (B)

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

178

Lessons from Large-Scale Renewable Energy Integration Studies: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

In general, large-scale integration studies in Europe and the United States find that high penetrations of renewable generation are technically feasible with operational changes and increased access to transmission. This paper describes other key findings such as the need for fast markets, large balancing areas, system flexibility, and the use of advanced forecasting.

Bird, L.; Milligan, M.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Large Scale Mining of Molecular Fragments with Wildcards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large Scale Mining of Molecular Fragments with Wildcards Heiko Hofer1 , Christian Borgelt2 a novel molecule will be active or inactive, so that future chemical tests can be focused on the most molecular fragments to discriminate between active and inactive molecules. In this paper we present two

Borgelt, Christian

180

Redundancy Control in Large Scale Sensor Networks via Compressive Sensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, China. The authors deployed 100 sensor nodes and 1096 relay nodes to monitor the urban CO2 in a 5000(mRedundancy Control in Large Scale Sensor Networks via Compressive Sensing Liwen Xu1 , Yongcai Wang1, and require high data storage and management costs. To deal with these challenges, compressive sensing (CS

Wang, Yongcai

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

A Large-Scale Deforestation Experiment: Effects of Patch Area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Large-Scale Deforestation Experiment: Effects of Patch Area and Isolation on Amazon Birds Gonçalo,4 Thomas E. Lovejoy1,5 As compared with extensive contiguous areas, small isolated habitat patches lack many species. Some species disappear after isolation; others are rarely found in any small patch

Stouffer, Phil

182

A large-scale exploration of group viewing patterns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a large-scale study of television viewing habits, focusing on how individuals adapt their preferences when consuming content with others. While there has been a great deal of research on modeling individual preferences, there has been considerably ... Keywords: group recommendation, group viewing patterns

Allison J.B. Chaney, Mike Gartrell, Jake M. Hofman, John Guiver, Noam Koenigstein, Pushmeet Kohli, Ulrich Paquet

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Hypergraph-based Dynamic Load Balancing for Adaptive Scientific Computations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- gration cost to move data, thereby reducing total execution time. The new model can be solved using Nuclear Security Administration under Contract DE- AC04-94AL85000. This work was supported by the NNSA computations [7]. Even if the original problem is well balanced, e.g., by using graph or hypergraph parti

Boman, Erik

184

PNNL pushing scientific discovery through data intensive computing breakthroughs  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest National Laboratorys approach to data intensive computing (DIC) is focused on three key research areas: hybrid hardware architectures, software architectures, and analytic algorithms. Advancements in these areas will help to address, and solve, DIC issues associated with capturing, managing, analyzing and understanding, in near real time, data at volumes and rates that push the frontiers of current technologies.

Deborah Gracio; David Koppenaal; Ruby Leung

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

185

New Mathematics and Natural Computation World Scientific Publishing Company  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@alumni.caltech.edu NEAMAT EL GAYAR Faculty of Computer and Information Technology, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt. elgayar consider the problem of missing data, and develop an ensemble-network model for handling the missing data their probability distribution function. We repeat this procedure many times thereby creating a number of complete

Atiya, Amir

186

Hard Data on Soft Errors: A Large-Scale Assessment of Real-World Error Rates in GPGPU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphics processing units (GPUs) are gaining widespread use in computational chemistry and other scientific simulation contexts because of their huge performance advantages relative to conventional CPUs. However, the reliability of GPUs in error-intolerant applications is largely unproven. In particular, a lack of error checking and correcting (ECC) capability in the memory subsystems of graphics cards has been cited as a hindrance to the acceptance of GPUs as high-performance coprocessors, but the impact of this design has not been previously quantified. In this article we present MemtestG80, our software for assessing memory error rates on NVIDIA G80 and GT200-architecture-based graphics cards. Furthermore, we present the results of a large-scale assessment of GPU error rate, conducted by running MemtestG80 on over 20,000 hosts on the Folding@home distributed computing network. Our control experiments on consumer-grade and dedicated-GPGPU hardware in a controlled environment found no errors. However, our su...

Haque, Imran S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Reduced-Order Models of Zero-Net Mass-Flux Jets for Large-Scale Flow Control Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reduced-Order Models of Zero-Net Mass-Flux Jets for Large-Scale Flow Control Simulations Reni Raju computational tools are well suited for modeling the dynamics of zero-net mass-flux actuators, the computational vorticity, (s-1 ) I. Introduction ERO-net mass-flux (ZNMF) actuators or "synthetic jets" have potential

Mittal, Rajat

188

NERSC 2011: High Performance Computing Facility Operational Assessment for the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NERSC 2011 High Performance Computing Facility Operationalby providing high-performance computing, information, data,s deep knowledge of high performance computing to overcome

Antypas, Katie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

A PRACTICAL ONTOLOGY FOR THE LARGE-SCALE MODELING OF SCHOLARLY ARTIFACTS AND THEIR USAGE  

SciTech Connect

The large-scale analysis of scholarly artifact usage is constrained primarily by current practices in usage data archiving, privacy issues concerned with the dissemination of usage data, and the lack of a practical ontology for modeling the usage domain. As a remedy to the third constraint, this article presents a scholarly ontology that was engineered to represent those classes for which large-scale bibliographic and usage data exists, supports usage research, and whose instantiation is scalable to the order of 50 million articles along with their associated artifacts (e.g. authors and journals) and an accompanying 1 billion usage events. The real world instantiation of the presented abstract ontology is a semantic network model of the scholarly community which lends the scholarly process to statistical analysis and computational support. They present the ontology, discuss its instantiation, and provide some example inference rules for calculating various scholarly artifact metrics.

RODRIGUEZ, MARKO A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; BOLLEN, JOHAN [Los Alamos National Laboratory; VAN DE SOMPEL, HERBERT [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

190

DOE Supercomputing Resources Available for Advancing Scientific  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Supercomputing Resources Available for Advancing Scientific Supercomputing Resources Available for Advancing Scientific Breakthroughs DOE Supercomputing Resources Available for Advancing Scientific Breakthroughs April 15, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced today it is accepting proposals for a program to support high-impact scientific advances through the use of some of the world's most powerful supercomputers located at DOE national laboratories. Approximately 1.3 billion supercomputer processor-hours will be awarded in 2010 through the Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) program for large-scale, computationally intensive projects addressing some of the toughest challenges in science and engineering. Researchers are currently using supercomputing time under this year's

191

Large-Scale Renewable Energy Development on Public Lands  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large-Scale Renewable Energy Large-Scale Renewable Energy Development on Public Lands Boyan Kovacic boyan.kovacic@ee.doe.gov 5/2/12 2 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov * BLM RE Drivers * BLM RE Programs * BLM Permitting and Revenues * Case Studies * Withdrawn Military Land Outline 3 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov BLM: Bureau of Land Management BO: Biological Opinion CSP: Concentrating Solar Power DOE: Department of Energy DOI: Department of Interior EA: Environmental Assessment EIS: Environmental Impact Statement FONSI: Finding of No Significant Impact FS: U.S. Forrest Service IM: Instruction Memorandum MPDS: Maximum Potential Development Scenario NEPA: National Environmental Policy Act NOI: Notice of Intent NOP: Notice to Proceed

192

Large-Scale Renewable Energy Development on Public Lands  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large-Scale Renewable Energy Large-Scale Renewable Energy Development on Public Lands Boyan Kovacic boyan.kovacic@ee.doe.gov 5/2/12 2 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov * BLM RE Drivers * BLM RE Programs * BLM Permitting and Revenues * Case Studies * Withdrawn Military Land Outline 3 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov BLM: Bureau of Land Management BO: Biological Opinion CSP: Concentrating Solar Power DOE: Department of Energy DOI: Department of Interior EA: Environmental Assessment EIS: Environmental Impact Statement FONSI: Finding of No Significant Impact FS: U.S. Forrest Service IM: Instruction Memorandum MPDS: Maximum Potential Development Scenario NEPA: National Environmental Policy Act NOI: Notice of Intent NOP: Notice to Proceed

193

Prototype Vector Machine for Large Scale Semi-Supervised Learning  

SciTech Connect

Practicaldataminingrarelyfalls exactlyinto the supervisedlearning scenario. Rather, the growing amount of unlabeled data poses a big challenge to large-scale semi-supervised learning (SSL). We note that the computationalintensivenessofgraph-based SSLarises largely from the manifold or graph regularization, which in turn lead to large models that are dificult to handle. To alleviate this, we proposed the prototype vector machine (PVM), a highlyscalable,graph-based algorithm for large-scale SSL. Our key innovation is the use of"prototypes vectors" for effcient approximation on both the graph-based regularizer and model representation. The choice of prototypes are grounded upon two important criteria: they not only perform effective low-rank approximation of the kernel matrix, but also span a model suffering the minimum information loss compared with the complete model. We demonstrate encouraging performance and appealing scaling properties of the PVM on a number of machine learning benchmark data sets.

Zhang, Kai; Kwok, James T.; Parvin, Bahram

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

194

Suppression of large-scale perturbations by stiff solid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evolution of large-scale scalar perturbations in the presence of stiff solid (solid with pressure to energy density ratio > 1/3) is studied. If the solid dominated the dynamics of the universe long enough, the perturbations could end up suppressed by as much as several orders of magnitude. To avoid too steep large-angle power spectrum of CMB, radiation must have prevailed over the solid long enough before recombination.

Balek, Vladimír

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

9 - Large-scale biomass combustion plants: an overview  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: For a long time biomass was combusted mostly on a small scale. Now the largest biomass boilers are over 500 MWth. This chapter tries to outline the main methods for large-scale biomass combustion. The main boiler types are the grate and bubbling-fluidised bed boilers although circulating-fluidised bed and pulverised firing do play a role. Particular emphasis has been placed on emissions, the effect of fuel quality and operating issues.

S. Caillat; E. Vakkilainen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Geospatial Optimization of Siting Large-Scale Solar Projects  

SciTech Connect

Recent policy and economic conditions have encouraged a renewed interest in developing large-scale solar projects in the U.S. Southwest. However, siting large-scale solar projects is complex. In addition to the quality of the solar resource, solar developers must take into consideration many environmental, social, and economic factors when evaluating a potential site. This report describes a proof-of-concept, Web-based Geographical Information Systems (GIS) tool that evaluates multiple user-defined criteria in an optimization algorithm to inform discussions and decisions regarding the locations of utility-scale solar projects. Existing siting recommendations for large-scale solar projects from governmental and non-governmental organizations are not consistent with each other, are often not transparent in methods, and do not take into consideration the differing priorities of stakeholders. The siting assistance GIS tool we have developed improves upon the existing siting guidelines by being user-driven, transparent, interactive, capable of incorporating multiple criteria, and flexible. This work provides the foundation for a dynamic siting assistance tool that can greatly facilitate siting decisions among multiple stakeholders.

Macknick, J.; Quinby, T.; Caulfield, E.; Gerritsen, M.; Diffendorfer, J.; Haines, S.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

High-Performance, Power-Aware Distributed Computing for Scientific Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The PowerPack framework enables distributed systems to profile, analyze, and conserve energy in scientific applications using dynamic voltage scaling. For one common benchmark, the framework achieves more than 30 percent energy savings with minimal performance ... Keywords: Power-aware computing, Distributed systems, Dynamic voltage scaling, PowerPack framework

Kirk W. Cameron; Rong Ge; Xizhou Feng

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

PARTITIONING HYPERGRAPHS IN SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING APPLICATIONS THROUGH VERTEX SEPARATORS ON GRAPHS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

however, comes at a cost: algorithms on hypergraphs are inherently more complicated than those on graphsPARTITIONING HYPERGRAPHS IN SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING APPLICATIONS THROUGH VERTEX SEPARATORS ON GRAPHS of hypergraphs, nor the runtime efficiency of graph algorithms can be overlooked. Therefore, the new research

Pinar, Ali

199

Improving Energy Efficiency of GPU based General-Purpose Scientific Computing through  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improving Energy Efficiency of GPU based General-Purpose Scientific Computing through Automated challenge. In this paper, we propose a novel framework to improve the energy efficiency of GPU-based General configurations to improve the energy efficiency of any given GPGPU program. Through preliminary empirical

Deng, Zhigang

200

MigThread: Thread Migration in DSM Systems Institute for Scientific Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MigThread: Thread Migration in DSM Systems Hai Jiang Institute for Scientific Computing Wayne State University and Cradle Technologies, Inc. vipin@wayne.edu Abstract Distributed Shared Memory (DSM) systems on Networks of Work- stations (NOWs). In this paper, we propose an infrastruc- ture for DSM systems to utilize

Chaudhary, Vipin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Heterogeneous High Throughput Scientific Computing with APM X-Gene and Intel Xeon Phi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electrical power requirements will be a constraint on the future growth of Distributed High Throughput Computing (DHTC) as used by High Energy Physics. Performance-per-watt is a critical metric for the evaluation of computer architectures for cost- efficient computing. Additionally, future performance growth will come from heterogeneous, many-core, and high computing density platforms with specialized processors. In this paper, we examine the Intel Xeon Phi Many Integrated Cores (MIC) co-processor and Applied Micro X-Gene ARMv8 64-bit low-power server system-on-a-chip (SoC) solutions for scientific computing applications. We report our experience on software porting, performance and energy efficiency and evaluate the potential for use of such technologies in the context of distributed computing systems such as the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG).

David Abdurachmanov; Brian Bockelman; Peter Elmer; Giulio Eulisse; Robert Knight; Shahzad Muzaffar

2014-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

202

Heterogeneous High Throughput Scientific Computing with APM X-Gene and Intel Xeon Phi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electrical power requirements will be a constraint on the future growth of Distributed High Throughput Computing (DHTC) as used by High Energy Physics. Performance-per-watt is a critical metric for the evaluation of computer architectures for cost- efficient computing. Additionally, future performance growth will come from heterogeneous, many-core, and high computing density platforms with specialized processors. In this paper, we examine the Intel Xeon Phi Many Integrated Cores (MIC) co-processor and Applied Micro X-Gene ARMv8 64-bit low-power server system-on-a-chip (SoC) solutions for scientific computing applications. We report our experience on software porting, performance and energy efficiency and evaluate the potential for use of such technologies in the context of distributed computing systems such as the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG).

Abdurachmanov, David; Elmer, Peter; Eulisse, Giulio; Knight, Robert; Muzaffar, Shahzad

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Constraining dark energy evolution with gravitational lensing by large scale structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the sensitivity of weak lensing by large scale structures as a probe of the evolution of dark energy. We explore a two-parameters model of dark energy evolution, inspired by tracking quintessence models. To this end, we compute the likelihood of a few fiducial models with varying and nonvarying equation of states. For the different models, we investigate the dark energy parameter degeneracies with the mass power spectrum shape ?, normalization ?8, and with the matter mean density ?M. We find that degeneracies are such that weak lensing turns out to be a good probe of dark energy evolution, even with limited knowledge on ?, ?8, and ?M. This result is a strong motivation for performing large scale structure simulations beyond the simple constant dark energy models, in order to calibrate the nonlinear regime accurately. Such calibration could then be used for any large scale structure tests of dark energy evolution. Prospective for the Canada France Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey and Super-Novae Acceleration Probe are given. These results complement nicely the cosmic microwave background and supernovae constraints.

Karim Benabed and Ludovic Van Waerbeke

2004-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

204

Acts -- A collection of high performing software tools for scientific computing  

SciTech Connect

During the past decades there has been a continuous growth in the number of physical and societal problems that have been successfully studied and solved by means of computational modeling and simulation. Further, many new discoveries depend on high performance computer simulations to satisfy their demands for large computational resources and short response time. The Advanced CompuTational Software (ACTS) Collection brings together a number of general-purpose computational tool development projects funded and supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). These tools make it easier for scientific code developers to write high performance applications for parallel computers. They tackle a number of computational issues that are common to a large number of scientific applications, mainly implementation of numerical algorithms, and support for code development, execution and optimization. The ACTS collection promotes code portability, reusability, reduction of duplicate efforts, and tool maturity. This paper presents a brief introduction to the functionality available in ACTS. It also highlight the tools that are in demand by Climate and Weather modelers.

Drummond, L.A.; Marques, O.A.

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Sun Also Rises: Planning for Large-Scale Solar Power  

SciTech Connect

Wind, solar, and other renewable energy are an important part of any present-day energy. The portion of energy they supply will certainly be increasing over the next few years. Arguably, large-scale wind power has reached technological maturity, and with more than 100 GW of capacity, ample experience exists on integrating wind systems. Solar technologies, on the other hand, are emerging, and substantial R&D investments are being made to achieve parity with retail electricity costs in the near future. As this happens, annual capacity additions of solar power will become significant.

Bebic, J.; Walling, R.; O'Brien, K.; Kroposki, B.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Large scale EPR correlations and cosmic gravitational waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study how quantum correlations survive at large scales in spite of their exposition to stochastic backgrounds of gravitational waves. We consider Einstein-Podolski-Rosen (EPR) correlations built up on the polarizations of photon pairs and evaluate how they are affected by the cosmic gravitational wave background (CGWB). We evaluate the quantum decoherence of the EPR correlations in terms of a reduction of the violation of the Bell inequality as written by Clauser, Horne, Shimony and Holt (CHSH). We show that this decoherence remains small and that EPR correlations can in principle survive up to the largest cosmic scales.

B. Lamine; R. Hervé; M. -T. Jaekel; A. Lambrecht; S. Reynaud

2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

207

Large-Scale Anisotropy of EGRET Gamma Ray Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the course of its operation, the EGRET experiment detected high-energy gamma ray sources at energies above 100 MeV over the whole sky. In this communication, we search for large-scale anisotropy patterns among the catalogued EGRET sources using an expansion in spherical harmonics, accounting for EGRET's highly non-uniform exposure. We find significant excess in the quadrupole and octopole moments. This is consistent with the hypothesis that, in addition to the galactic plane, a second mid-latitude (5^{\\circ} < |b| < 30^{\\circ}) population, perhaps associated with the Gould belt, contributes to the gamma ray flux above 100 MeV.

Luis Anchordoqui; Thomas McCauley; Thomas Paul; Olaf Reimer; Diego F. Torres

2005-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

208

Robust Morphological Measures for Large-Scale Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A complete family of statistical descriptors for the morphology of large--scale structure based on Minkowski--Functionals is presented. These robust and significant measures can be used to characterize the local and global morphology of spatial patterns formed by a coverage of point sets which represent galaxy samples. Basic properties of these measures are highlighted and their relation to the `genus statistics' is discussed. Test models like a Poissonian point process and samples generated from a Voronoi--model are put into perspective.

T. Buchert

1994-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

209

Generation of large-scale winds in horizontally anisotropic convection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We simulate three-dimensional, horizontally periodic Rayleigh-B\\'enard convection between free-slip horizontal plates, rotating about a horizontal axis. When both the temperature difference between the plates and the rotation rate are sufficiently large, a strong horizontal wind is generated that is perpendicular to both the rotation vector and the gravity vector. The wind is turbulent, large-scale, and vertically sheared. Horizontal anisotropy, engendered here by rotation, appears necessary for such wind generation. Most of the kinetic energy of the flow resides in the wind, and the vertical turbulent heat flux is much lower on average than when there is no wind.

von Hardenberg, J; Provenzale, A; Spiegel, E A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

A Multi-Stage Very Large-Scale Neighborhood Search for the Vehicle Routing Problem with Soft Time-Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

problem, where customer's time windows may be violated at a certain cost. The Vehicle Routing ProblemA Multi-Stage Very Large-Scale Neighborhood Search for the Vehicle Routing Problem with Soft Time of Computing Science and Engineering Place Sainte-Barbe 2, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium {Sebastien

Deville, Yves

211

Large-scale simulations on multiple Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) for the direct simulation Monte Carlo method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, the application of the two-dimensional direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method using an MPI-CUDA parallelization paradigm on Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) clusters is presented. An all-device (i.e. GPU) computational approach is ... Keywords: Graphics Processing Unit (GPU), MPI-CUDA, Parallel direct simulation Monte Carlo, Rarefied gas dynamics, Very large-scale simulation

C. -C. Su; M. R. Smith; F. -A. Kuo; J. -S. Wu; C. -W. Hsieh; K. -C. Tseng

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Large-scale binding ligand prediction by improved patch-based method Patch-Surfer2.0  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Large-scale binding ligand prediction by improved patch-based method Patch-Surfer2.0 Xiaolei Zhu 1 Yi Xiong 1 Daisuke Kihara...Results: We present a computational method named Patch-Surfer2.0, which predicts binding ligands for......

Xiaolei Zhu; Yi Xiong; Daisuke Kihara

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Analysis of long-term flows resulting from large-scale sodium-water reactions in an LMFBR secondary system  

SciTech Connect

Leaks in LMFBR steam generators cannot entirely be prevented; thus the steam generators and the intermediate heat transport system (IHTS) of an LMFBR must be designed to withstand the effects of the leaks. A large-scale leak which might result from a sudden break of a steam generator tube, and the resulting sodium-water reaction (SWR) can generate large pressure pulses that propagate through the IHTS and exert large forces on the piping supports. This paper discusses computer programs for analyzing long-term flow and thermal effects in an LMFBR secondary system resulting from large-scale steam generator leaks, and the status of the development of the codes.

Shin, Y.W.; Chung, H.; Choi, U.S.; Wiedermann, A.H.; Ockert, C.E.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Large-scale anisotropy in stably stratified rotating flows  

SciTech Connect

We present results from direct numerical simulations of the Boussinesq equations in the presence of rotation and/or stratification, both in the vertical direction. The runs are forced isotropically and randomly at small scales and have spatial resolutions of up to $1024^3$ grid points and Reynolds numbers of $\\approx 1000$. We first show that solutions with negative energy flux and inverse cascades develop in rotating turbulence, whether or not stratification is present. However, the purely stratified case is characterized instead by an early-time, highly anisotropic transfer to large scales with almost zero net isotropic energy flux. This is consistent with previous studies that observed the development of vertically sheared horizontal winds, although only at substantially later times. However, and unlike previous works, when sufficient scale separation is allowed between the forcing scale and the domain size, the total energy displays a perpendicular (horizontal) spectrum with power law behavior compatible with $\\sim k_\\perp^{-5/3}$, including in the absence of rotation. In this latter purely stratified case, such a spectrum is the result of a direct cascade of the energy contained in the large-scale horizontal wind, as is evidenced by a strong positive flux of energy in the parallel direction at all scales including the largest resolved scales.

Marino, Dr. Raffaele [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Mininni, Dr. Pablo D. [Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina; Rosenberg, Duane L [ORNL; Pouquet, Dr. Annick [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Popularity and Performance: A Large-Scale Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Social scientists have long sought to understand why certain people, items, or options become more popular than others. One seemingly intuitive theory is that inherent value drives popularity. An alternative theory claims that popularity is driven by the rich-get-richer effect of cumulative advantage---certain options become more popular, not because they are higher quality, but because they are already relatively popular. Realistically, it seems likely that popularity is driven by neither one of these forces alone but rather both together. Recently, researchers have begun using large-scale online experiments to study the effect of cumulative advantage in realistic scenarios, but there have been no large-scale studies of the combination of these two effects. We are interested in studying a case where decision-makers observe explicit signals of both the popularity and the quality of various options. We derive a model for change in popularity as a function of past popularity and past perceived quality. Our mode...

Krafft, Peter; Shmueli, Erez; Della Penna, Nicholas; Tenenbaum, Josh; Pentland, Sandy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Large Scale GSHP as Alternative Energy for American Farmers Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GSHP as Alternative Energy for American Farmers Geothermal GSHP as Alternative Energy for American Farmers Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Large Scale GSHP as Alternative Energy for American Farmers Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program: Ground Source Heat Pumps Project Type / Topic 2 Topic Area 1: Technology Demonstration Projects Project Description We propose a large scale demonstration of solar assisted GSHP systems on two poultry farms in mid-Missouri. The heating load of Farm A with 4 barns will be 510 tons and Farm B with 5 barns will be 440 tons. Solar assisted GSHP systems will be installed, and new utility business model will be applied to both farms. Farm A will be constructed with commercial products in order to bring immediate impact to the industry. Farm B will also have a thermal energy storage system installed, and improved solar collectors will be used. A comprehensive energy analysis and economic study will be conducted.

217

DOE's Office of Science Seeks Proposals for Expanded Large-Scale...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of new energy technologies." "This unique program opens up the world of high-performance computing to a broad array of new scientific users," Bodman said. "Through the use of...

218

Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

28, 2013 28, 2013 Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and Utilization DOE-Supported Project in Texas Demonstrates Viability of CCUS Technology Washington, D.C. - A breakthrough carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) project in Texas has begun capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) and piping it to an oilfield for use in enhanced oil recovery (EOR). MORE INFO Read the project factsheet The project at Air Products and Chemicals hydrogen production facility in Port Arthur, Texas, is significant for demonstrating both the effectiveness and commercial viability of CCUS technology as an option in helping mitigate atmospheric CO2 emissions. Funded in part through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), the project is managed by the U.S.

219

Cosmological Simulations for Large-Scale Sky Surveys | Argonne Leadership  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Instantaneous velocity magnitude in a flow through an open valve in a valve/piston assembly. Instantaneous velocity magnitude in a flow through an open valve in a valve/piston assembly. Instantaneous velocity magnitude in a flow through an open valve in a valve/piston assembly. Christos Altantzis, MIT, and Martin Schmitt, LAV. All the images were generated from their work at LAV. Cosmological Simulations for Large-Scale Sky Surveys PI Name: Christos Frouzakis PI Email: frouzakis@lav.mavt.ethz.ch Institution: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich Allocation Program: INCITE Allocation Hours at ALCF: 100 Million Year: 2014 Research Domain: Chemistry The combustion of coal and petroleum-based fuels supply most of the energy needed to meet the world's transportation and power generation demands. To address the anticipated petroleum shortage, along with increasing energy

220

Large Scale Geothermal Exchange System for Residential, Office and Retail  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Exchange System for Residential, Office and Retail Geothermal Exchange System for Residential, Office and Retail Development Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Large Scale Geothermal Exchange System for Residential, Office and Retail Development Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program: Ground Source Heat Pumps Project Type / Topic 2 Topic Area 1: Technology Demonstration Projects Project Description RiverHeath will be a new neighborhood, with residences, shops, restaurants, and offices. The design incorporates walking trails, community gardens, green roofs, and innovative stormwater controls. A major component of the project is our reliance on renewable energy. One legacy of the land's industrial past is an onsite hydro-electric facility which formerly powered the paper factories. The onsite hydro is being refurbished and will furnish 100% of the project's electricity demand.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Nuclear-pumped lasers for large-scale applications  

SciTech Connect

Efficient initiation of large-volume chemical lasers may be achieved by neutron induced reactions which produce charged particles in the final state. When a burst mode nuclear reactor is used as the neutron source, both a sufficiently intense neutron flux and a sufficiently short initiation pulse may be possible. Proof-of-principle experiments are planned to demonstrate lasing in a direct nuclear-pumped large-volume system; to study the effects of various neutron absorbing materials on laser performance; to study the effects of long initiation pulse lengths; to demonstrate the performance of large-scale optics and the beam quality that may be obtained; and to assess the performance of alternative designs of burst systems that increase the neutron output and burst repetition rate. 21 refs., 8 figs., 5 tabs.

Anderson, R.E.; Leonard, E.M.; Shea, R.F.; Berggren, R.R.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

The XMM/Megacam-VST/VIRMOS Large Scale Structure Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of the XMM-LSS Survey is to map the large scale structure of the universe, as highlighted by clusters and groups of galaxies, out to a redshift of about 1, over a single 8x8 sq.deg. area. For the first time, this will reveal the topology of the distribution of the deep potential wells and provide statistical measurements at truly cosmological distances. In addition, clusters identified via their X-ray properties will form the basis for the first uniformly-selected, multi-wavelength survey of the evolution of clusters and individual cluster galaxies as a function of redshift. The survey will also address the very important question of the QSO distribution within the cosmic web.

M. Pierre

2000-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

223

Atypical Behavior Identification in Large Scale Network Traffic  

SciTech Connect

Cyber analysts are faced with the daunting challenge of identifying exploits and threats within potentially billions of daily records of network traffic. Enterprise-wide cyber traffic involves hundreds of millions of distinct IP addresses and results in data sets ranging from terabytes to petabytes of raw data. Creating behavioral models and identifying trends based on those models requires data intensive architectures and techniques that can scale as data volume increases. Analysts need scalable visualization methods that foster interactive exploration of data and enable identification of behavioral anomalies. Developers must carefully consider application design, storage, processing, and display to provide usability and interactivity with large-scale data. We present an application that highlights atypical behavior in enterprise network flow records. This is accomplished by utilizing data intensive architectures to store the data, aggregation techniques to optimize data access, statistical techniques to characterize behavior, and a visual analytic environment to render the behavioral trends, highlight atypical activity, and allow for exploration.

Best, Daniel M.; Hafen, Ryan P.; Olsen, Bryan K.; Pike, William A.

2011-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

224

Large scale anisotropic bias from primordial non-Gaussianity  

SciTech Connect

In this work we study the large scale structure bias in models of anisotropic inflation. We use the Peak Background Splitting method in Excursion Set Theory to find the scale-dependent bias. We show that the amplitude of the bias is modified by a direction-dependent factor. In the specific anisotropic inflation model which we study, the scale-dependent bias vanishes at leading order when the long wavelength mode in squeezed limit is aligned with the anisotropic direction in the sky. We also extend the scale-dependent bias formulation to the general situations with primordial anisotropy. We find some selection rules indicating that some specific parts of a generic anisotropic bispectrum is picked up by the bias parameter. We argue that the anisotropic bias is mainly sourced by the angle between the anisotropic direction and the long wavelength mode in the squeezed limit.

Baghram, Shant; Firouzjahi, Hassan [School of Astronomy, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Namjoo, Mohammad Hossein, E-mail: baghram@ipm.ir, E-mail: mh.namjoo@ipm.ir, E-mail: firouz@ipm.ir [School of Physics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Isolating relativistic effects in large-scale structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a fully relativistic calculation of the observed galaxy number counts in the linear regime. We show that besides the density fluctuations and redshift-space distortions, various relativistic effects contribute to observations at large scales. These effects all have the same physical origin: they result from the fact that our coordinate system, namely the galaxy redshift and the incoming photons' direction, is distorted by inhomogeneities in our universe. We then discuss the impact of the relativistic effects on the angular power spectrum and on the two-point correlation function in configuration space. We show that the latter is very well adapted to isolate the relativistic effects since it naturally makes use of the symmetries of the different contributions. In particular, we discuss how the Doppler effect and the gravitational redshift distortions can be isolated by looking for a dipole in the cross-correlation function between a bright and a faint population of galaxies.

Bonvin, Camille

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Transient simulation for large scale flow in bubble columns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The transient simulation of large scale bubbly flow in bubble columns using the unsteady Reynolds averaged Navier Stokes (URANS) equations is investigated in the present paper. An extensive set of bubble forces is used with different models for the bubble induced turbulence. Criteria are given to assess the independence of the simulation time and the time step length. Using these criteria it is shown that a simulation time, time step length and mesh independent solution can be obtained for complex bubbly flows using URANS equations under certain requirements. With the obtained setup the contribution of the resolved turbulence to the total turbulence and the influence of the bubble induced turbulence modeling on the resolved turbulence is investigated. Further, it is pointed out that the virtual mass force is not negligible. The simulations are compared to data from the literature at two different superficial velocities, which cover monodisperse and polydisperse bubbly flows.

T. Ziegenhein; R. Rzehak; D. Lucas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Final Report for the Account Creation/Deletion Reenginering Task for the Scientific Computing Department  

SciTech Connect

In October 2000, the personnel responsible for administration of the corporate computers managed by the Scientific Computing Department assembled to reengineer the process of creating and deleting users' computer accounts. Using the Carnegie Mellon Software Engineering Institute (SEI) Capability Maturity Model (CMM) for quality improvement process, the team performed the reengineering by way of process modeling, defining and measuring the maturity of the processes, per SEI and CMM practices. The computers residing in the classified environment are bound by security requirements of the Secure Classified Network (SCN) Security Plan. These security requirements delimited the scope of the project, specifically mandating validation of all user accounts on the central corporate computer systems. System administrators, in addition to their assigned responsibilities, were spending valuable hours performing the additional tacit responsibility of tracking user accountability for user-generated data. For example, in cases where the data originator was no longer an employee, the administrators were forced to spend considerable time and effort determining the appropriate management personnel to assume ownership or disposition of the former owner's data files. In order to prevent this sort of problem from occurring and to have a defined procedure in the event of an anomaly, the computer account management procedure was thoroughly reengineered, as detailed in this document. An automated procedure is now in place that is initiated and supplied data by central corporate processes certifying the integrity, timeliness and authentication of account holders and their management. Automated scripts identify when an account is about to expire, to preempt the problem of data becoming ''orphaned'' without a responsible ''owner'' on the system. The automated account-management procedure currently operates on and provides a standard process for all of the computers maintained by the Scientific Computing Department.

JENNINGS, BARBARA J.; MCALLISTER, PAULA L.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

MiniGhost : a miniapp for exploring boundary exchange strategies using stencil computations in scientific parallel computing.  

SciTech Connect

A broad range of scientific computation involves the use of difference stencils. In a parallel computing environment, this computation is typically implemented by decomposing the spacial domain, inducing a 'halo exchange' of process-owned boundary data. This approach adheres to the Bulk Synchronous Parallel (BSP) model. Because commonly available architectures provide strong inter-node bandwidth relative to latency costs, many codes 'bulk up' these messages by aggregating data into a message as a means of reducing the number of messages. A renewed focus on non-traditional architectures and architecture features provides new opportunities for exploring alternatives to this programming approach. In this report we describe miniGhost, a 'miniapp' designed for exploration of the capabilities of current as well as emerging and future architectures within the context of these sorts of applications. MiniGhost joins the suite of miniapps developed as part of the Mantevo project.

Barrett, Richard Frederick; Heroux, Michael Allen; Vaughan, Courtenay Thomas

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Large-scale fabrication and assembly of carbon nanotubes via nanopelleting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Widespread use of carbon nanotubes is predicated on the development of robust large-scale manufacturing techniques. There remain, however, few feasible methods for the large-scale handling of aligned and geometrically ...

El Aguizy, Tarek A., 1977-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Workshop on Scalable Cyber-Security Challenges in Large-Scale Networks: Deployment Obstacles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Workshop on Scalable Cyber-Security Challenges in Large-Scale Networks: Deployment Obstacles Large, and Definitions of Cybersecurity.... 8 Conventional Wisdom is Inadequate....................................... 9 Directions in Scalable Cyber-Security in Large-Scale Networks: Deployment Obstacles." The workshop

Feigenbaum, Joan

231

A Thesaurus and Online Encyclopedia Merging Method for Large Scale Domain-Ontology Automatic Construction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While building the large-scale domain ontology, the traditional manually-based construction method is low efficient and not feasible. In order to construct the large scale domain-ontology automatically; therefore...

Ting Wang; Jicheng Song; Ruihua Di; Yi Liang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Mitigating Security Threats to Large-Scale Cross Border Virtualization Infrastructures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The large-scale cross border virtualization infrastructures can be seen as a federation of heterogeneous clouds. We present pragmatic analysis of the potential threats posed to the emerging large-scale cross...in...

Philippe Massonet; Syed Naqvi; Francesco Tusa; Massimo Villari…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Advanced Scientific Computing Research User Facilities | U.S. DOE Office of  

Office of Science (SC) Website

ASCR User Facilities ASCR User Facilities User Facilities ASCR User Facilities BES User Facilities BER User Facilities FES User Facilities HEP User Facilities NP User Facilities User Facilities Frequently Asked Questions User Facility Science Highlights Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 ASCR User Facilities Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The Advanced Scientific Computing Research program supports the operation of the following national scientific user facilities: Energy Sciences Network (ESnet): External link The Energy Sciences Network, or ESnet External link , is the Department of Energy's high-speed network that provides the high-bandwidth, reliable connections that link scientists at national laboratories, universities and

234

A Linear Scaling Three Dimensional Fragment Method for Large Scale Electronic Structure Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

large scale electronic structure calculations Lin-Wang Wang,total energy electronic structure calculation method, which

Wang, Lin-Wang; Zhao, Zhengji; Meza, Juan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

A Linear Scaling Three Dimensional Fragment Method for Large Scale Electronic Structure Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

large scale electronic structure calculations Lin-Wang Wang,total energy electronic structure calculation method, which

Wang, Lin-Wang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Political risk analysis in large-scale mineral investments  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation emphasizes problems encountered in applying current techniques within the framework of the expected-net-present-value investment evaluation paradigms commonly employed by mineral extraction firms. A method of political risk analysis consistent with expected-net-present-value paradigms is presented. This method of political risk analysis is grounded in the neoclassical tradition of economics which holds that economics should determine politics. The method of political risk analysis presented consists of direct and indirect portions. The direct portion of the method requires electoral polling to formulate support distributions for possible host nation policies toward foreign investors. It is applicable in freely politicized host nations. The indirect portion of the method presumes that abnormalities in economic trends produce political pressures intended to return a host nation economy to its normal state. Large-scale mineral investments are particularly vulnerable to political pressures and are at risk whenever economic abnormalities in a host nation manifest themselves. The degree of political risk present at any time is a direct function of the deviation of a host nation economy from its normal condition.

Proehl, T.S.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Testing Inflation with Large Scale Structure: Connecting Hopes with Reality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The statistics of primordial curvature fluctuations are our window into the period of inflation, where these fluctuations were generated. To date, the cosmic microwave background has been the dominant source of information about these perturbations. Large scale structure is however from where drastic improvements should originate. In this paper, we explain the theoretical motivations for pursuing such measurements and the challenges that lie ahead. In particular, we discuss and identify theoretical targets regarding the measurement of primordial non-Gaussianity. We argue that when quantified in terms of the local (equilateral) template amplitude $f_{\\rm NL}^{\\rm loc}$ ($f_{\\rm NL}^{\\rm eq}$), natural target levels of sensitivity are $\\Delta f_{\\rm NL}^{\\rm loc, eq.} \\simeq 1$. We highlight that such levels are within reach of future surveys by measuring 2-, 3- and 4-point statistics of the galaxy spatial distribution. This paper summarizes a workshop held at CITA (University of Toronto) on October 23-24, 2014.

Marcelo Alvarez; Tobias Baldauf; J. Richard Bond; Neal Dalal; Roland de Putter; Olivier Doré; Daniel Green; Chris Hirata; Zhiqi Huang; Dragan Huterer; Donghui Jeong; Matthew C. Johnson; Elisabeth Krause; Marilena Loverde; Joel Meyers; P. Daniel Meerburg; Leonardo Senatore; Sarah Shandera; Eva Silverstein; Anže Slosar; Kendrick Smith; Matias Zaldarriaga; Valentin Assassi; Jonathan Braden; Amir Hajian; Takeshi Kobayashi; George Stein; Alexander van Engelen

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

238

Large Scale Obscuration and Related Climate Effects Workshop: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

A Workshop on Large Scale Obsurcation and Related Climate Effects was held 29--31 January, 1992, in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The objectives of the workshop were: to determine through the use of expert judgement the current state of understanding of regional and global obscuration and related climate effects associated with nuclear weapons detonations; to estimate how large the uncertainties are in the parameters associated with these phenomena (given specific scenarios); to evaluate the impact of these uncertainties on obscuration predictions; and to develop an approach for the prioritization of further work on newly-available data sets to reduce the uncertainties. The workshop consisted of formal presentations by the 35 participants, and subsequent topical working sessions on: the source term; aerosol optical properties; atmospheric processes; and electro-optical systems performance and climatic impacts. Summaries of the conclusions reached in the working sessions are presented in the body of the report. Copies of the transparencies shown as part of each formal presentation are contained in the appendices (microfiche).

Zak, B.D.; Russell, N.A.; Church, H.W.; Einfeld, W.; Yoon, D.; Behl, Y.K. [eds.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

HTS cables open the window for large-scale renewables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a realistic approach to future energy consumption, the effects of sustainable power sources and the effects of growing welfare with increased use of electricity need to be considered. These factors lead to an increased transfer of electric energy over the networks. A dominant part of the energy need will come from expanded large-scale renewable sources. To use them efficiently over Europe, large energy transits between different countries are required. Bottlenecks in the existing infrastructure will be avoided by strengthening the network. For environmental reasons more infrastructure will be built underground. Nuon is studying the HTS technology as a component to solve these challenges. This technology offers a tremendously large power transport capacity as well as the possibility to reduce short circuit currents, making integration of renewables easier. Furthermore, power transport will be possible at lower voltage levels, giving the opportunity to upgrade the existing network while re-using it. This will result in large cost savings while reaching the future energy challenges. In a 6 km backbone structure in Amsterdam Nuon wants to install a 50 kV HTS Triax cable for a significant increase of the transport capacity, while developing its capabilities. Nevertheless several barriers have to be overcome.

A Geschiere; D Willén; E Piga; P Barendregt

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Large Scale Structure in the SDSS DR1 Galaxy Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Large Scale Structure in the galaxy distribution is investigated using The First Data Release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Using the Minimal Spanning Tree technique we have extracted sets of filaments, of wall--like structures, of galaxy groups, and of rich clusters from this unique sample. The physical properties of these structures were then measured and compared with the statistical expectations based on the Zel'dovich' theory. The measured characteristics of galaxy walls were found to be consistent with those for a spatially flat $\\Lambda$CDM cosmological model with $\\Omega_m\\approx$ 0.3 and $\\Omega_\\Lambda \\approx$ 0.7, and for Gaussian initial perturbations with a Harrison -- Zel'dovich power spectrum. Furthermore, we found that the mass functions of groups and of unrelaxed structure elements generally fit well with the expectations from Zel'dovich' theory. We also note that both groups and rich clusters tend to prefer the environments of walls, which tend to be of higher density, rather than the environments of filaments, which tend to be of lower density.

A. Doroshkevich; D. L. Tucker; S. Allam; M. J. Way

2003-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Breakdown of large-scale circulation in turbulent rotating convection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Turbulent rotating convection in a cylinder is investigated both numerically and experimentally at Rayleigh number Ra=109 and Prandtl number ?=6.4. In this letter we discuss two topics: the breakdown under rotation of the domain-filling large-scale circulation (LSC) typical for confined convection, and the convective heat transfer through the fluid layer, expressed by the Nusselt number. The presence of the LSC is addressed for several rotation rates. For Rossby numbers Ro1.2 no LSC is found (the Rossby number indicates relative importance of buoyancy over rotation, hence small Ro indicates strong rotation). For larger Rossby numbers a precession of the LSC in anticyclonic direction (counter to the background rotation) is observed. It is shown that the heat transfer has a maximal value close to Ro=0.18 being about 15% larger than in the non-rotating case Ro=?. Since the LSC is no longer present at this Rossby value we conclude that the peak heat transfer is independent of the LSC.

R. P. J. Kunnen; H. J. H. Clercx; B. J. Geurts

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Model Abstraction Techniques for Large-Scale Power Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report on System Simulation using High Performance Computing Prepared by New Mexico Tech New Mexico: Application of High Performance Computing to Electric Power System Modeling, Simulation and Analysis Task Two

243

Large-Scale Spray Releases: Initial Aerosol Test Results  

SciTech Connect

One of the events postulated in the hazard analysis at the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) and other U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear facilities is a breach in process piping that produces aerosols with droplet sizes in the respirable range. The current approach for predicting the size and concentration of aerosols produced in a spray leak involves extrapolating from correlations reported in the literature. These correlations are based on results obtained from small engineered spray nozzles using pure liquids with Newtonian fluid behavior. The narrow ranges of physical properties on which the correlations are based do not cover the wide range of slurries and viscous materials that will be processed in the WTP and across processing facilities in the DOE complex. Two key technical areas were identified where testing results were needed to improve the technical basis by reducing the uncertainty due to extrapolating existing literature results. The first technical need was to quantify the role of slurry particles in small breaches where the slurry particles may plug and result in substantially reduced, or even negligible, respirable fraction formed by high-pressure sprays. The second technical need was to determine the aerosol droplet size distribution and volume from prototypic breaches and fluids, specifically including sprays from larger breaches with slurries where data from the literature are scarce. To address these technical areas, small- and large-scale test stands were constructed and operated with simulants to determine aerosol release fractions and generation rates from a range of breach sizes and geometries. The properties of the simulants represented the range of properties expected in the WTP process streams and included water, sodium salt solutions, slurries containing boehmite or gibbsite, and a hazardous chemical simulant. The effect of anti-foam agents was assessed with most of the simulants. Orifices included round holes and rectangular slots. The round holes ranged in size from 0.2 to 4.46 mm. The slots ranged from (width × length) 0.3 × 5 to 2.74 × 76.2 mm. Most slots were oriented longitudinally along the pipe, but some were oriented circumferentially. In addition, a limited number of multi-hole test pieces were tested in an attempt to assess the impact of a more complex breach. Much of the testing was conducted at pressures of 200 and 380 psi, but some tests were conducted at 100 psi. Testing the largest postulated breaches was deemed impractical because of the large size of some of the WTP equipment. The purpose of this report is to present the experimental results and analyses for the aerosol measurements obtained in the large-scale test stand. The report includes a description of the simulants used and their properties, equipment and operations, data analysis methodology, and test results. The results of tests investigating the role of slurry particles in plugging of small breaches are reported in Mahoney et al. 2012a. The results of the aerosol measurements in the small-scale test stand are reported in Mahoney et al. (2012b).

Schonewill, Philip P.; Gauglitz, Phillip A.; Bontha, Jagannadha R.; Daniel, Richard C.; Kurath, Dean E.; Adkins, Harold E.; Billing, Justin M.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Davis, James M.; Enderlin, Carl W.; Fischer, Christopher M.; Jenks, Jeromy WJ; Lukins, Craig D.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Shutthanandan, Janani I.; Smith, Dennese M.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Cosmological Implications of the CMB Large-scale Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WMAP and Planck may have uncovered several anomalies in the full CMB sky that could indicate possible new physics driving the growth of density fluctuations in the early Universe. These include an unusually low power at the largest scales and an apparent alignment of the quadrupole and octopole moments. In LCDM, the quadrupole and octopole moments should be statistically independent. These low probability features may simply be due to posterior selections from many such possible effects. If this is not the case, however, their combined statistical significance would be equal to the product of their individual significances. Ignoring the biasing due to posterior selection, the missing large-angle correlations would have a probability as low as ~0.1% and the low-l multipole alignment would be unlikely at the ~4.9% level; under the least favourable conditions, their simultaneous observation in the context of the standard model could then be likely at only the ~0.005% level. In this paper, we explore the possibility that these features are indeed anomalous, and show that the corresponding probability of CMB multipole alignment in the R_h=ct Universe would then be ~7-10%, depending on the number of large-scale Sachs-Wolfe induced fluctuations. Since the low power at the largest spatial scales is reproduced in this cosmology without the need to invoke cosmic variance, the overall likelihood of observing both of these features in the CMB is > 7%, much more likely than in LCDM. The key physical ingredient responsible for this difference is the existence in the former of a maximum fluctuation size at the time of recombination, which is absent in the latter because of inflation.

Fulvio Melia

2014-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

245

Large Scale Structure in the SDSS Galaxy Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Large Scale Structure (LSS) in the galaxy distribution is investigated using the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Early Data Release (SDSS EDR). Using the Minimal Spanning Tree technique we have extracted sets of filaments, of wall-like structures, of galaxy groups, and of rich clusters from this unique sample. The physical properties of these structures were then measured and compared with the expectations from Zel'dovich' theory. The measured characteristics of galaxy walls were found to be consistent with those for a spatially flat $\\Lambda$CDM cosmological model with $\\Omega_m\\approx$ 0.3 and $\\Omega_\\Lambda \\approx$ 0.7, and for Gaussian initial perturbations with a Harrison -- Zel'dovich power spectrum. Furthermore, we found that the mass functions of groups and of unrelaxed structure elements generally fit well with the expectations from Zel'dovich' theory, although there was some discrepancy for lower mass groups which may be due to incompleteness in the selected sample of groups. We also note that both groups and rich clusters tend to prefer the environments of walls, which tend to be of higher density, rather than the environments of filaments, which tend to be of lower density. Finally, we note evidence of systematic differences in the properties of the LSS between the Northern Galactic Cap stripe and the Southern Galactic Cap stripe -- in particular, in the physical properties of the walls, their spatial distribution, and the relative numbers of clusters embedded in walls. Because the mean separation of walls is $\\approx$ 60 -- 70$h^{-1}$ Mpc, each stripe only intersects a few tens of walls. Thus, small number statistics and cosmic variance are the likely drivers of these systematic differences.

A. Doroshkevich; D. L. Tucker; S. Allam

2002-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

246

Concepts for High Availability in Scientific High-End Computing C. Engelmann1,2 and S. L. Scott1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

exceptions, the over- all availability of recently installed systems has been lower in comparison to the same of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, man- aged by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U. S. Department of Energy under, and Computational Sciences Division; Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research; U.S. Department of Energy

Engelmann, Christian

247

Optimization Online - Large-Scale Parallel Multibody Dynamics with ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 20, 2008 ... Argonne National Laboratory Mathematics and Computer Science Division 9700 S. Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439 USA. Download: [PDF].

Alessandro Tasora

2008-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

248

Large-Scale Architecture (3-2) Huffmire, Ted  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: [Ghemawat 2003] Exam 2 (No Lab) 11 Power Management Datacenter as Computer: [Barroso 2013] No Lab Period 196-207. URL: http://web.eecs.umich.edu/~taustin/papers/MICRO32-diva.pdf [Barroso 2013] Luiz Andre Barroso, Jimmi Clidaras, and Urs Holzle. The Datacenter as a Computer: An Introduction to the Design

249

ANL/ALCF/ESP-13/14 NAMD - The Engine for Large-Scale Classical MD  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 NAMD - The Engine for Large-Scale Classical MD Simulations of Biomolecular Systems Based on a Polarizable Force Field ALCF-2 Early Science Program Technical Report Argonne Leadership Computing Facility About Argonne National Laboratory Argonne is a U.S. Department of Energy laboratory managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC under contract DE-AC02-06CH11357. The Laboratory's main facility is outside Chicago, at 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439. For information about Argonne and its pioneering science and technology programs, see www.anl.gov. Availability of This Report This report is available, at no cost, at http://www.osti.gov/bridge. It is also available on paper to the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors, for a processing fee, from:

250

Large scale test simulations using the Virtual Environment for Test Optimization (VETO)  

SciTech Connect

The Virtual Environment for Test Optimization (VETO) is a set of simulation tools under development at Sandia to enable test engineers to do computer simulations of tests. The tool set utilizes analysis codes and test information to optimize design parameters and to provide an accurate model of the test environment which aides in the maximization of test performance, training, and safety. Previous VETO effort has included the development of two structural dynamics simulation modules that provide design and optimization tools for modal and vibration testing. These modules have allowed test engineers to model and simulate complex laboratory testing, to evaluate dynamic response behavior, and to investigate system testability. Further development of the VETO tool set will address the accurate modeling of large scale field test environments at Sandia. These field test environments provide weapon system certification capabilities and have different simulation requirements than those of laboratory testing.

Klenke, S.E.; Heffelfinger, S.R.; Bell, H.J.; Shierling, C.L.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Performance Engineering of the Kernel Polynomial Method on Large-Scale CPU-GPU Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Kernel Polynomial Method (KPM) is a well-established scheme in quantum physics and quantum chemistry to determine the eigenvalue density and spectral properties of large sparse matrices. In this work we demonstrate the high optimization potential and feasibility of peta-scale heterogeneous CPU-GPU implementations of the KPM. At the node level we show that it is possible to decouple the sparse matrix problem posed by KPM from main memory bandwidth both on CPU and GPU. To alleviate the effects of scattered data access we combine loosely coupled outer iterations with tightly coupled block sparse matrix multiple vector operations, which enables pure data streaming. All optimizations are guided by a performance analysis and modelling process that indicates how the computational bottlenecks change with each optimization step. Finally we use the optimized node-level KPM with a hybrid-parallel framework to perform large scale heterogeneous electronic structure calculations for novel topological materials on a pet...

Kreutzer, Moritz; Wellein, Gerhard; Pieper, Andreas; Alvermann, Andreas; Fehske, Holger

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

The global financial markets: an ultra-large-scale systems perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We argue here that, in recent years, the world's financial markets have become a globally interconnected complex adaptive ultra-large-scale socio-technical system-of-systems, and that this has important consequences for how the financial markets should ... Keywords: algorithmic trading, financial markets, flash crash, high-frequency trading, large-scale complex IT systems, normalization of deviance, ultra-large-scale systems

Dave Cliff; Linda Northrop

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Maintaining funding in large-scale international science projects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

International partnerships have become increasingly necessary to achieve scientific breakthroughs. They have been used in the human genome project, space exploration, the development of fusion energy as a source of power, and most recently to identify the SARS virus. In these projects, partners contribute funds, equipment and staff in the pursuit of a common goal. But in recent years the sustainability of funding for some of these projects has become an issue of concern. Two examples include the termination of the Super Conducting Super Collider in 1993 and the withdrawal of the USA from the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) in 1998. Both suggest the need for better management of the funding process. This paper explores the management of this funding process, supported by a case study, and concludes with several lessons that should prove useful to those who manage these projects.

Barry Shore; Benjamin J. Cross

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

E-Print Network 3.0 - astrophysical large-scale dynamos Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

dynamo cycle periods in astrophysical objects. An important... dynamos into three types: 1. magnetically dominated helical dynamos which sustain a large-scale magnetic... )...

255

DOE/NNSA Participates in Large-Scale CTBT On-Site Inspection...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Large-Scale CTBT On-Site Inspection Exercise in Jordan | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile...

256

Comparison of Large Scale Renewable Energy Projects for the United States Air Force.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis focused on the performance of large-scale renewable energy projects for the United States Air Force. As global energy demands continue to rise, the… (more)

Hughes, Jeffrey S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

The Linearly Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large Scale Electronic Structure Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

large scale electronic structure calculations Zhengji Zhaoin [8]. 3. Electronic structure calculations for asymmetricd) initio electronic structure Pure CdS calculations. This

Zhao, Zhengji

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Optimization and control of a large-scale solar chimney power plant.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The dissertation builds on previous research (Pretorius, 2004) and investigates the optimization and control of a large-scale solar chimney power plant. Performance results… (more)

Pretorius, Johannes Petrus

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Reducing Quantum Errors and Improving Large Scale Quantum Cryptography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Noise causes severe difficulties in implementing quantum computing and quantum cryptography. Several schemes have been suggested to reduce this problem, mainly focusing on quantum computation. Motivated by quantum cryptography, we suggest a coding which uses $N$ quantum bits ($N=n^2$) to encode one quantum bit, and reduces the error exponentially with $n$. Our result suggests the possibility of distributing a secure key over very long distances, and maintaining quantum states for very long times. It also provides a new quantum privacy amplification against a strong adversary.

T. Mor

1996-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

260

A framework for delay emulation of large-scale internetworks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and Delay Injector. The Virtual Host Configuration Module enables a machine to act as a set of virtual hosts with arbitrary IP addresses. The Delay Estimator can compute delay values for any two arbitrary IP addresses. The Delay Injector captures packets...

Venkata, Shravan Rangaraju

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Nearoptimal solutions to large scale facility location problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

instances of size m \\Theta n = 3000 \\Theta 3000; for the capacitated case the largest instances were 1000 widely broad area of applications many heuristics have been devised to solve it. Among these, the most report our computational experience with problems with up to 3000 potential facility locations

Chudak, Fabian

262

RISK-AVERSE FEASIBLE POLICIES FOR LARGE-SCALE ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

long-term planning of water reservoirs in hydro-thermal power systems. ... operational costs are essentially related to the fuel burnt by thermal plants and penalties result- .... As a result, the simulation phase, that is, the actual computation of the.

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

263

Towards a middleware for configuring large-scale storage infrastructures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rapid proliferation of cloud and service-oriented computing infrastructure is creating an ever increasing thirst for storage within data centers. Ideally management applications in cloud deployments should operate in terms of high-level goals, and ... Keywords: SAN, best practice, machine learning, middleware

David M. Eyers; Ramani Routray; Rui Zhang; Douglas Willcocks; Peter Pietzuch

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Valueadded Mediation in LargeScale Information Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

workflow, and help desks [WiederholdCC:1994]. Other services available over networks include textual, mediating services can be performed by independent entrepreneurs. 1 INTRODUCTION As information systemsValue­added Mediation in Large­Scale Information Systems Gio Wiederhold Computer Science Department

Wiederhold, Gio

265

Exploiting separability in large-scale linear support vector machine ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 7, 2007 ... With the exponential increases in storage capacity and computing power, ... Approaches have been proposed to adapt the SVM training .... The Newton system to be solved at each iteration (steps 3–5) can be ..... Table 1: Time taken (

2009-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

266

The performance of minisupercomputers: Alliant, Convex, and SCS (Scientific Computer Systems)  

SciTech Connect

Recently several computers have appeared whose architectures feature many, if not all, of the characteristics of supercomputers, but whose electronic technology uses less expensive and more readily available components. Such machines have been labeled ''minisupercomputers.'' Currently, this class of computers includes those manufactured by Convex, Alliant, and Scientific Computer Systems (SCS). The strategy of these minisupercomputer vendors is to produce a machine that may not provide as much absolute performance as the high-end supercomputers, but exhibits a comparable or better price-performance ratio. While it is not the goal of this paper to comment on the specific price effectiveness of any particular machine, we believe that a proper evaluation of the minisupercomputers should include price data. This paper presents a detailed performance comparison of the Convex C-1, Alliant FX/8, and SCS-40 minisupercomputers. While the Convex C-1 is functionally similar to the CRAY-1 supercomputer, the SCS-40 actually emulates a CRAY X-MP/2, running the same instruction set and providing CRAY X-MP software. The Alliant series of machines are multiprocessors, containing up to eight processors (called computational elements, or CEs) that can run separate processes or cooperate on a single application. The Alliant system also includes a compiler that automatically attempts to partition a code for concurrent execution on several processors. In the first sections of this paper, the single processor performance of the FX/8 is compared with that of the C-1 and the SCS-40, as well as with a Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) VAX 8600. In a later section, the parallel processing performance of the FX/8 is described. 21 refs.

Wasserman, H.J.; Simmons, M.L.; Lubeck, O.M.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Final Technical Report - Center for Technology for Advanced Scientific Component Software (TASCS)  

SciTech Connect

This is a final technical report for the University of Maryland work in the SciDAC Center for Technology for Advanced Scientific Component Software (TASCS). The Maryland work focused on software tools for coupling parallel software components built using the Common Component Architecture (CCA) APIs. Those tools are based on the Maryland InterComm software framework that has been used in multiple computational science applications to build large-scale simulations of complex physical systems that employ multiple separately developed codes.

Sussman, Alan [University of Maryland

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

268

Feasibility of Large-Scale Ocean CO2 Sequestration  

SciTech Connect

Scientific knowledge of natural clathrate hydrates has grown enormously over the past decade, with spectacular new findings of large exposures of complex hydrates on the sea floor, the development of new tools for examining the solid phase in situ, significant progress in modeling natural hydrate systems, and the discovery of exotic hydrates associated with sea floor venting of liquid CO{sub 2}. Major unresolved questions remain about the role of hydrates in response to climate change today, and correlations between the hydrate reservoir of Earth and the stable isotopic evidence of massive hydrate dissociation in the geologic past. The examination of hydrates as a possible energy resource is proceeding apace for the subpermafrost accumulations in the Arctic, but serious questions remain about the viability of marine hydrates as an economic resource. New and energetic explorations by nations such as India and China are quickly uncovering large hydrate findings on their continental shelves. In this report we detail research carried out in the period October 1, 2007 through September 30, 2008. The primary body of work is contained in a formal publication attached as Appendix 1 to this report. In brief we have surveyed the recent literature with respect to the natural occurrence of clathrate hydrates (with a special emphasis on methane hydrates), the tools used to investigate them and their potential as a new source of natural gas for energy production.

Peter Brewer

2008-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

269

Computing Resources | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is dedicated to large-scale computation and builds on Argonne's strengths in high-performance computing software, advanced hardware architectures and applications expertise. It...

270

Fraud detection on large scale social networks Yaya Sylla (1), (2), Pierre Morizet-Mahoudeaux (1)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fraud detection on large scale social networks Yaya Sylla (1), (2), Pierre Morizet-Mahoudeaux (1 new methods and tools for detecting fraud and other crimes against banks and customers. Fraud-Large scale graphs analysis; graph partition and clustering; parallel processing; fraud detection I

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

271

ORNL/TM-2011/455 Large Scale Duty Cycle (LSDC) Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORNL/TM-2011/455 Large Scale Duty Cycle (LSDC) Project: Tractive Energy Analysis Methodology and Results from Long-Haul Truck Drive Cycle Evaluations May 2011 Prepared by Tim LaClair #12;#12;ORNL/TM-2011/455 Energy and Transportation Science Division LARGE SCALE DUTY CYCLE (LSDC) PROJECT: TRACTIVE ENERGY

272

Molten Gallium as a Catalyst for the Large-Scale Growth of Highly Aligned Silica Nanowires  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molten Gallium as a Catalyst for the Large-Scale Growth of Highly Aligned Silica Nanowires Zheng a small size (5-100 nm in diameter), high melting point metal (such as gold and iron) catalyst particle as an effective catalyst for the large-scale growth of highly aligned, closely packed silica nanowire bunches

Wang, Zhong L.

273

Optimal Selection of AC Cables for Large Scale Offshore Wind Farms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal Selection of AC Cables for Large Scale Offshore Wind Farms Peng Hou, Weihao Hu, Zhe Chen@et.aau.dk, whu@iet.aau.dk, zch@iet.aau.dk Abstract--The investment of large scale offshore wind farms is high the operational requirements of the offshore wind farms and the connected power systems. In this paper, a new cost

Hu, Weihao

274

Empirical Evidence of Large-Scale Diversity in API Usage of Object-Oriented Software  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Empirical Evidence of Large-Scale Diversity in API Usage of Object-Oriented Software Diego Mendez. This is not an exception, our experiment provides us with empirical evidence that a large scale diversity exists in "API usage"1 . 1We use the term "API usage" to reuse the same term as close work [5]. In this case, "API

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

275

Room-temperature stationary sodium-ion batteries for large-scale electric energy storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy and utility applications, such as pump hydro, compressed air, y-wheel and electrochemicalRoom-temperature stationary sodium-ion batteries for large-scale electric energy storage Huilin Pan attention particularly in large- scale electric energy storage applications for renewable energy and smart

Wang, Wei Hua

276

Role of large scale storage in a UK low carbon energy future Philipp Grunewalda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

round trip efficiency, both compressed air energy storage and hydrogen storage could become potentialRole of large scale storage in a UK low carbon energy future Philipp Gr¨unewalda , Tim Cockerilla Large scale storage offers the prospect of using excess electricity within a low carbon energy system

277

Linearly Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linearly Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations Lin-Wang Wang-dimensional fragment (LS3DF) method for large scale ab initio electronic structure calculations. LS3DF is based. The fragments of the LS3DF algorithm can be calculated separately with different groups of processors

Bailey, David H.

278

Water Consumption Footprint and Land Requirements of Large-Scale Alternative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water Consumption Footprint and Land Requirements of Large-Scale Alternative Diesel and Jet Fuel Consumption Footprint and Land Requirements of Large- Scale Alternative Diesel and Jet Fuel Production Mark D and the economic and social implications of policy alternatives. Ronald G. Prinn and John M. Reilly, Program Co

279

A vectorial DEVS extension for large scale system modeling and parallel simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this article we introduce an extension to the Discrete Event System (DEVS) formalism called Vectorial DEVS (VECDEVS) that allows to represent large scale systems in a graphic block diagram way. A pure VECDEVS model basically consist in an array of ... Keywords: DEVS, large scale modeling, load balancing, parallel simulation

Federico Bergero, Ernesto Kofman

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Introduction Large-scale circulation Clouds Conclusions European temperature extremes in CMIP5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Large-scale circulation Clouds Conclusions European temperature extremes in CMIP5 extremes in CMIP5 EUCLIPSE ­ May 2012 ­ Paris #12;Introduction Large-scale circulation Clouds Conclusions Introduction Objectives European temperature extremes: understand model biases & uncertainties under future

Ribes, Aurélien

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

QA-Pagelet: Data Preparation Techniques for Large-Scale Data Analysis of the Deep Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QA-Pagelet: Data Preparation Techniques for Large-Scale Data Analysis of the Deep Web James the QA-Pagelet as a fundamental data preparation technique for large-scale data analysis of the Deep Web-Pagelets from the Deep Web. Two unique features of the Thor framework are 1) the novel page clustering

Caverlee, James

282

QA-Pagelet: Data Preparation Techniques for Large Scale Data Analysis of the Deep Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 QA-Pagelet: Data Preparation Techniques for Large Scale Data Analysis of the Deep Web James data preparation technique for large scale data analysis of the Deep Web. To support QA the Deep Web. Two unique features of the Thor framework are (1) the novel page clustering for grouping

Liu, Ling

283

Large-scale well aligned carbon nitride nanotube films: Low temperature growth and electron field emission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large-scale well aligned carbon nitride nanotube films: Low temperature growth and electron field emission Dingyong Zhong, Shuang Liu, Guangyu Zhang, and E. G. Wanga) State Key Laboratory for Surface Received 2 January 2001; accepted for publication 13 March 2001 Large-scale well aligned carbon nitride

Zhang, Guangyu

284

Bayesian Uncertainty Quantification for Large Scale Spatial Inverse Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an alternative approach in which we have precomputed the K-L expansion for a given set of the parameters and then use linear interpolation to find the respective eigen pairs for a proposed new value of the parameters. This linear interpolation made... the computation much faster. Using the matrix perturbation theory, we have shown that if the interpolating grid is small the approximated eigen values and eigen vectors are very close to the true ones. We employ a Gaussian process prior for the unknown field...

Mondal, Anirban

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

285

RELIABILITY, AVAILABILITY, AND SERVICEABILITY FOR PETASCALE HIGH-END COMPUTING AND BEYOND  

SciTech Connect

Our project is a multi-institutional research effort that adopts interplay of RELIABILITY, AVAILABILITY, and SERVICEABILITY (RAS) aspects for solving resilience issues in highend scientific computing in the next generation of supercomputers. results lie in the following tracks: Failure prediction in a large scale HPC; Investigate reliability issues and mitigation techniques including in GPGPU-based HPC system; HPC resilience runtime & tools.

Chokchai "Box" Leangsuksun

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

286

Large-scale Renewable Energy Projects (Larger than 10 MWs) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large-scale Renewable Energy Projects (Larger than 10 MWs) Large-scale Renewable Energy Projects (Larger than 10 MWs) Large-scale Renewable Energy Projects (Larger than 10 MWs) October 7, 2013 - 9:32am Addthis Renewable energy projects larger than 10 megawatts (MW) are complex and typically require private-sector financing. The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) developed a guide to help Federal agencies, and the developers and financiers that work with them, to successfully install these projects at Federal facilities. The Large-Scale Renewable Energy Guide: Developing Renewable Energy Projects Larger than 10 MWs at Federal Facilities: A Practical Guide to Getting Large-Scale Renewable Energy Projects Financed with Private Capital provides a framework to allow the Federal Government, private developers, and financiers to work in a

287

Hungary-Employment Impacts of a Large-Scale Deep Building Retrofit  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hungary-Employment Impacts of a Large-Scale Deep Building Retrofit Hungary-Employment Impacts of a Large-Scale Deep Building Retrofit Programme Jump to: navigation, search Name Hungary-Employment Impacts of a Large-Scale Deep Building Retrofit Programme Agency/Company /Organization European Climate Foundation Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Buildings, - Building Energy Efficiency Topics Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://3csep.ceu.hu/sites/defa Country Hungary UN Region Eastern Europe References Hungary-Employment Impacts of a Large-Scale Deep Building Retrofit Programme[1] Hungary-Employment Impacts of a Large-Scale Deep Building Retrofit Programme Screenshot "The goal of the present research was to gauge the net employment impacts of a largescale deep building energy-efficiency renovation programme in

288

Strategies to Finance Large-Scale Deployment of Renewable Energy Projects:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strategies to Finance Large-Scale Deployment of Renewable Energy Projects: Strategies to Finance Large-Scale Deployment of Renewable Energy Projects: An Economic Development and Infrastructure Approach Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Strategies to Finance Large-Scale Deployment of Renewable Energy Projects: An Economic Development and Infrastructure Approach Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency (IEA) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: iea-retd.org/archives/publications/finance-re Cost: Free Language: English Strategies to Finance Large-Scale Deployment of Renewable Energy Projects: An Economic Development and Infrastructure Approach Screenshot References: Strategies to Finance Large-Scale Deployment of Renewable Energy Projects: An Economic Development and Infrastructure Approach[1]

289

Non-Stationary Random Process for Large-Scale Failure and Recovery of Power Distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A key objective of the smart grid is to improve reliability of utility services to end users. This requires strengthening resilience of distribution networks that lie at the edge of the grid. However, distribution networks are exposed to external disturbances such as hurricanes and snow storms where electricity service to customers is disrupted repeatedly. External disturbances cause large-scale power failures that are neither well-understood, nor formulated rigorously, nor studied systematically. This work studies resilience of power distribution networks to large-scale disturbances in three aspects. First, a non-stationary random process is derived to characterize an entire life cycle of large-scale failure and recovery. Second, resilience is defined based on the non-stationary random process. Close form analytical expressions are derived under specific large-scale failure scenarios. Third, the non-stationary model and the resilience metric are applied to a real life example of large-scale disruptions due t...

Wei, Yun; Galvan, Floyd; Couvillon, Stephen; Orellana, George; Momoh, James

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Large-scale functional models of visual cortex for remote sensing  

SciTech Connect

Neuroscience has revealed many properties of neurons and of the functional organization of visual cortex that are believed to be essential to human vision, but are missing in standard artificial neural networks. Equally important may be the sheer scale of visual cortex requiring {approx}1 petaflop of computation. In a year, the retina delivers {approx}1 petapixel to the brain, leading to massively large opportunities for learning at many levels of the cortical system. We describe work at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to develop large-scale functional models of visual cortex on LANL's Roadrunner petaflop supercomputer. An initial run of a simple region VI code achieved 1.144 petaflops during trials at the IBM facility in Poughkeepsie, NY (June 2008). Here, we present criteria for assessing when a set of learned local representations is 'complete' along with general criteria for assessing computer vision models based on their projected scaling behavior. Finally, we extend one class of biologically-inspired learning models to problems of remote sensing imagery.

Brumby, Steven P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kenyon, Garrett [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rasmussen, Craig E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swaminarayan, Sriram [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bettencourt, Luis [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Landecker, Will [PORTLAND STATE UNIV.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Advanced coal gasifier designs using large-scale simulations  

SciTech Connect

Porting of the legacy code MFIX to a high performance computer (HPC) and the use of high resolution simulations for the design of a coal gasifier are described here. MFIX is based on a continuum multiphase flow model that considers gas and solids to form interpenetrating continua. Low resolution simulations of a commercial scale gasifier with a validated MFIX model revealed interesting physical phenomena with implications on the gasifier design, which prompted the study reported here. To be predictive, the simulations need to model the spatiotemporal variations in gas and solids volume fractions, velocities, temperatures with any associated phase change and chemical reactions. These processes occur at various time- and length-scales requiring very high spatial resolution and large number of iterations with small time-steps. We were able to perform perhaps the largest known simulations of gas-solids reacting flows, providing detailed information about the gas-solids flow structure and the pressure, temperature and species distribution in the gasifier. One key finding is the new features of the coal jet trajectory revealed with the high spatial resolution, which provides information on the accuracy of the lower resolution simulations. Methodologies for effectively combining high and low resolution simulations for design studies must be developed. From a computational science perspective, we found that global communication has to be reduced to achieve scalability to 1000s of cores, hybrid parallelization is required to effectively utilize the multicore chips, and the wait time in the batch queue significantly increases the actual time-to-solution. From our experience, development is required in the following areas: efficient solvers for heterogeneous, massively parallel systems; data analysis tools to extract information from large data sets; and programming environments for easily porting legacy codes to HPC.

Syamlal, M [National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL); Guenther, Chris [National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL); Gel, Aytekin [Aeolus Research Inc.; Pannala, Sreekanth [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Edit paper Methods for Large Scale Hydraulic Fracture Monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we propose computationally efficient and robust methods for estimating the moment tensor and location of micro-seismic event(s) for large search volumes. Our contribution is two-fold. First, we propose a novel joint-complexity measure, namely the sum of nuclear norms which while imposing sparsity on the number of fractures (locations) over a large spatial volume, also captures the rank-1 nature of the induced wavefield pattern. This wavefield pattern is modeled as the outer-product of the source signature with the amplitude pattern across the receivers from a seismic source. A rank-1 factorization of the estimated wavefield pattern at each location can therefore be used to estimate the seismic moment tensor using the knowledge of the array geometry. In contrast to existing work this approach allows us to drop any other assumption on the source signature. Second, we exploit the recently proposed first-order incremental projection algorithms for a fast and efficient implementation of the resulting...

Ely, Gregory

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Uncertainty quantification for large-scale ocean circulation predictions.  

SciTech Connect

Uncertainty quantificatio in climate models is challenged by the sparsity of the available climate data due to the high computational cost of the model runs. Another feature that prevents classical uncertainty analyses from being easily applicable is the bifurcative behavior in the climate data with respect to certain parameters. A typical example is the Meridional Overturning Circulation in the Atlantic Ocean. The maximum overturning stream function exhibits discontinuity across a curve in the space of two uncertain parameters, namely climate sensitivity and CO{sub 2} forcing. We develop a methodology that performs uncertainty quantificatio in the presence of limited data that have discontinuous character. Our approach is two-fold. First we detect the discontinuity location with a Bayesian inference, thus obtaining a probabilistic representation of the discontinuity curve location in presence of arbitrarily distributed input parameter values. Furthermore, we developed a spectral approach that relies on Polynomial Chaos (PC) expansions on each sides of the discontinuity curve leading to an averaged-PC representation of the forward model that allows efficient uncertainty quantification and propagation. The methodology is tested on synthetic examples of discontinuous data with adjustable sharpness and structure.

Safta, Cosmin; Debusschere, Bert J.; Najm, Habib N.; Sargsyan, Khachik

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

1/12/11 1:51 PMComputer-Aided Brains: Scientific American Page 1 of 3http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=computer-aided-brains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

� Scientific American Mind � October 2005 Head Lines | Mind & Brain Computer-Aided Brains By Brad Stenger1/12/11 1:51 PMComputer-Aided Brains: Scientific American Page 1 of 3http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=computer-aided-brains Image: For years, innovators have tried to devise computerized gadgetry to aid the brain. Advances have

Salvucci, Dario D.

295

Slide03 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

websites and databases that contain scientific and technical information * The "USA.gov" science portal (formerly "FirstGov for Science") * A voluntary large-scale...

296

Combing rough set and RBF neural network for large-scale ship recognition in optical satellite images  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large scale ship recognition in optical remote sensing images is of great importance for many military applications. It aims to recognize the category information of the detected ships for effective maritime surveillance. The contributions of the paper can be summarized as follows: Firstly, based on the rough set theory, the common discernibility degree is used to compute the significance weight of each candidate feature and select valid recognition features automatically; Secondly, RBF neural network is constructed based on the selected recognition features. Experiments on recorded optical satellite images show the proposed method is effective and can get better classification rates at a higher speed than the state of the art methods.

Lu Chunyan; Zou Huanxin; Sun Hao; Zhou Shilin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Designing Topology-Aware Collective Communication Algorithms for Large Scale InfiniBand Clusters: Case Studies with Scatter and Gather  

SciTech Connect

Modern high performance computing systems are being increasingly deployed in a hierarchical fashion with multi-core computing platforms forming the base of the hierarchy. These systems are usually comprised of multiple racks, with each rack consisting of a finite number of chassis, with each chassis having multiple compute nodes or blades, based on multi-core architectures. The networks are also hierarchical with multiple levels of switches. Message exchange operations between processes that belong to different racks involve multiple hops across different switches and this directly affects the performance of collective operations. In this paper, we take on the challenges involved in detecting the topology of large scale InfiniBand clusters and leveraging this knowledge to design efficient topology-aware algorithms for collective operations. We also propose a communication model to analyze the communication costs involved in collective operations on large scale supercomputing systems. We have analyzed the performance characteristics of two collectives, MPI_Gather and MPI_Scatter on such systems and we have proposed topology-aware algorithms for these operations. Our experimental results have shown that the proposed algorithms can improve the performance of these collective operations by almost 54% at the micro-benchmark level.

Kandalla, Krishna; Subramoni, Hari; Vishnu, Abhinav; Panda, Dhabaleswar K.

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Creating science-driven computer architecture: A new path to scientific leadership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science-Driven Computer Architecture These inversions areCreating Science-Driven Computer Architecture whole systemRice U. ) Creating Science-Driven Computer Architecture

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Creating science-driven computer architecture: A new patch to scientific leadership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Creating Science-Driven Computer Architecture: A New Path toa New Class of Computer Architectures for Scientificthe development of computer architectures, thereby opening a

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

The National Weather Sensor Grid: a large-scale cyber-sensor infrastructure for environmental monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A sensor grid integrates sensor networks with grid infrastructures to enable the real-time collection of sensor data, and the sharing of computational and storage resources for sensor data processing and management. We have developed a sensor grid architecture framework, called the Scalable Proxy-based aRchItecture for seNsor Grid (SPRING). Based on the SPRING framework, we designed the National Weather Sensor Grid (NWSG), a large-scale cyber-sensor infrastructure for environmental monitoring. The NWSG integrates mini weather stations deployed geographically across Singapore for weather data collection, processing and management. We have designed and implemented core sensor grid middleware components and services such as resource discovery, meta scheduling, job migration and security. The NWSG is designed to support long-term weather monitoring. The performance of the NWSG has been demonstrated in terms of reduction in latency for end-user response, significant improvement in overall system throughput, and even load balance across the sensor grid infrastructure.

Hock Beng Lim; Mudasser Iqbal; Wenqiang Wang; Yuxia Yao

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Linearly Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-Scale Electronic Structure Calculations  

SciTech Connect

We present a new linearly scaling three-dimensional fragment (LS3DF) method for large scale ab initio electronic structure calculations. LS3DF is based on a divide-and-conquer approach, which incorporates a novel patching scheme that effectively cancels out the artificial boundary effects due to the subdivision of the system. As a consequence, the LS3DF program yields essentially the same results as direct density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The fragments of the LS3DF algorithm can be calculated separately with different groups of processors. This leads to almost perfect parallelization on tens of thousands of processors. After code optimization, we were able to achieve 35.1 Tflop/s, which is 39percent of the theoretical speed on 17,280 Cray XT4 processor cores. Our 13,824-atom ZnTeO alloy calculation runs 400 times faster than a direct DFTcalculation, even presuming that the direct DFT calculation can scale well up to 17,280 processor cores. These results demonstrate the applicability of the LS3DF method to material simulations, the advantage of using linearly scaling algorithms over conventional O(N3) methods, and the potential for petascale computation using the LS3DF method.

Wang, Lin-Wang; Lee, Byounghak; Shan, Hongzhang; Zhao, Zhengji; Meza, Juan; Strohmaier, Erich; Bailey, David H.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Primordial Magnetic Field Effects on the CMB and Large Scale Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic fields are everywhere in nature and they play an important role in every astronomical environment which involves the formation of plasma and currents. It is natural therefore to suppose that magnetic fields could be present in the turbulent high temperature environment of the big bang. Such a primordial magnetic field (PMF) would be expected to manifest itself in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature and polarization anisotropies, and also in the formation of large- scale structure. In this review we summarize the theoretical framework which we have developed to calculate the PMF power spectrum to high precision. Using this formulation, we summarize calculations of the effects of a PMF which take accurate quantitative account of the time evolution of the cut off scale. We review the constructed numerical program, which is without approximation, and an improvement over the approach used in a number of previous works for studying the effect of the PMF on the cosmological perturbations. We demonstrate how the PMF is an important cosmological physical process on small scales. We also summarize the current constraints on the PMF amplitude $B_\\lambda$ and the power spectral index $n_B$ which have been deduced from the available CMB observational data by using our computational framework.

Dai G. Yamazaki; Kiyotomo Ichiki; Toshitaka Kajino; Grant J. Mathew

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

303

Integrating Online Compression to Accelerate Large-Scale Data Analytics Applications  

SciTech Connect

Abstract—With growing dataset sizes, and as computing cycles are increasing faster than storage and wide-area bandwidths, compression appears like a promising approach for improving the performance of large-scale data analytics applications. In this context, this paper makes the following contributions. First, we develop a new compression methodology, which exploits the similarities between spatial and/or temporal neighbors in a simulation dataset, and enables high compression ratios and low decompression costs. Second, we have developed a framework that can be used to incorporate a variety of compression and decompression algorithms. This framework also supports a simple API to allow integration with an existing application or data processing middleware. Once a compression algorithm is implemented, this framework can allow multi-threaded retrieval, multi-threaded data decompression, and use of informed prefetching and caching. By integrating this framework with a data-intensive middleware, we have applied our compression methodology and framework to three applications over two datasets, including a GCRM climate model dataset. We obtained an average compression ratio of 51.68%, and up to 53.27% improvement in execution time of data analysis applications.

Bicer, T.; Yin, Jian; Chiu, David; Agrawal, Gagan; Schuchardt, Karen L.

2013-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

304

Energy Department Awards $66.7 Million for Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

66.7 Million for Large-Scale Carbon 66.7 Million for Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project Energy Department Awards $66.7 Million for Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Project December 18, 2007 - 4:58pm Addthis Regional Partner to Demonstrate Safe and Permanent Storage of One Million Tons of CO2 at Illinois Site WASHINGTON, DC - Following closely on the heels of three recent awards through the Department of Energy's (DOE) Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program, DOE today awarded $66.7 million to the Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium (MGSC) for the Department's fourth large-scale carbon sequestration project. The Partnership led by the Illinois State Geological Survey will conduct large volume tests in the Illinois Basin to demonstrate the ability of a geologic formation to

305

DOE Awards $126.6 Million for Two More Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

$126.6 Million for Two More Large-Scale Carbon $126.6 Million for Two More Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Projects DOE Awards $126.6 Million for Two More Large-Scale Carbon Sequestration Projects May 6, 2008 - 11:30am Addthis Projects in California and Ohio Join Four Others in Effort to Drastically Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced awards of more than $126.6 million to the West Coast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (WESTCARB) and the Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP) for the Department's fifth and sixth large-scale carbon sequestration projects. These industry partnerships, which are part of DOE's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership, will conduct large volume tests in California and Ohio to demonstrate the ability of a geologic

306

First U.S. Large-Scale CO2 Storage Project Advances | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

First U.S. Large-Scale CO2 Storage Project Advances First U.S. Large-Scale CO2 Storage Project Advances First U.S. Large-Scale CO2 Storage Project Advances April 6, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Drilling nears completion for the first large-scale carbon dioxide (CO2) injection well in the United States for CO2 sequestration. This project will be used to demonstrate that CO2 emitted from industrial sources - such as coal-fired power plants - can be stored in deep geologic formations to mitigate large quantities of greenhouse gas emissions. The Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM) hosted an event April 6 for a CO2 injection test at their Decatur, Ill. ethanol facility. The injection well is being drilled into the Mount Simon Sandstone to a depth more than a mile beneath the surface. This is the first drilling into the sandstone geology

307

Large-Scale Residential Energy Efficiency Programs Based on CFLs | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Large-Scale Residential Energy Efficiency Programs Based on CFLs Large-Scale Residential Energy Efficiency Programs Based on CFLs Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Large-Scale Residential Energy Efficiency Programs Based on CFLs Agency/Company /Organization: Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.esmap.org/filez/pubs/216201021421_CFL_Toolkit_Web_Version_021610_R References: Large-Scale Residential Energy Efficiency Programs Based on CFLs[1] Overview "The World Bank Group and its Energy Sector Management Assitance Progamme (ESMAP) have produced a toolkit for efficient lighting programmes, based on compact fluorescent lamps, that compiles and shares operational (design,

308

ARM - PI Product - Large Scale Ice Water Path and 3-D Ice Water Content  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsLarge Scale Ice Water Path and 3-D Ice Water ProductsLarge Scale Ice Water Path and 3-D Ice Water Content Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send PI Product : Large Scale Ice Water Path and 3-D Ice Water Content Site(s) SGP TWP General Description Cloud ice water concentration is one of the most important, yet poorly observed, cloud properties. Developing physical parameterizations used in general circulation models through single-column modeling is one of the key foci of the ARM program. In addition to the vertical profiles of temperature, water vapor and condensed water at the model grids, large-scale horizontal advective tendencies of these variables are also required as forcing terms in the single-column models. Observed horizontal advection of condensed water has not been available because the

309

A Warm-Start Approach for Large-Scale Stochastic Linear Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 29, 2006 ... A Warm-Start Approach for Large-Scale Stochastic Linear Programs ... so that it can be seen as a structure-exploiting initial point generator.

Marco Colombo

2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

310

Web-Queryable Large-Scale Data Sets for Hypothesis Generation in Plant Biology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...improve function prediction are key to...understanding the plant as a collection...technology and machine learning methods, short...that mediate disease resistance...to available plant large-scale...gene function prediction, similar to...

Siobhan M. Brady; Nicholas J. Provart

2009-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

311

Large-Scale Risk As a Problem Of Technological, Psychological and Political Judgment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to identify, order, and explain basic concepts, problems, and issues in what may be called the societal debate on large-scale risks. In Section 2 the problem is introduced with a d...

Charles Vlek; Hans Kuyper; Henk Boer

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Large-Scale Identification of Single-Feature Polymorphisms in Complex Genomes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large-Scale Identification of Single-Feature Polymorphisms in Complex Genomes Justin O. Borevitz,1 hybridization can be combined with bulk segregant analysis to quickly map mutations. The extension

Kihara, Daisuke

313

Programmable window : a large-scale transparent electronic display using SPD film  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research demonstrates that Suspended Particle Device (SPD) film is a viable option for the development of large-scale transparent display systems. The thesis analyzes the SPD film from an architectural display application ...

Ramos, Martin (Ramos Rizo-Patron)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

FEMP Helps Federal Facilities Develop Large-Scale Renewable Energy Projects  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

FEMP developed a guide to help federal agencies, as well as the developers and financiers that work with them, to successfully install large-scale renewable energy projects at federal facilities.

315

Constraints on gravity on cosmic scales with upcoming large-scale structure surveys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...acceleration: large-scale structure surveys, such as Dark Energy Survey, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope...modified gravity models. We consider the survey's ability to constrain dark energy EoS and modified gravity parameters by...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

VisPortal: Increasing Scientific Productivity by Simplifying Access to and Use of Remote Computational Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational Resources Problem Statement Computational science is the process of modeling and simulating and simulations increase in capability, the data produced by computational science research projects grows ever and complexity of simulations, computing resources and analysis tools comes the need for researchers to master

317

U.S. Signs International Fusion Energy Agreement; Large-Scale, Clean Fusion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S. Signs U.S. Signs International Fusion Energy Agreement; Large-Scale, Clean Fusion Energy Project to Begin Construction News Featured Articles Science Headlines 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 11.21.06 U.S. Signs International Fusion Energy Agreement; Large-Scale, Clean Fusion Energy Project to Begin Construction Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Large-Scale, Clean Fusion Energy Project to Begin Construction November 21, 2006 PARIS, FRANCE - Representing the United States, Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), today joined counterparts from China, the European Union, India, Japan, the

318

Clean Energy Solutions Large Scale CHP and Fuel Cells Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Energy Solutions Large Scale CHP and Fuel Cells Program Clean Energy Solutions Large Scale CHP and Fuel Cells Program Clean Energy Solutions Large Scale CHP and Fuel Cells Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Maximum Rebate CHP: $3,000,000 or 30% of project costs Fuel Cells: $3,000,000 or 45% of project costs Program Info Start Date 01/17/2013 State New Jersey Program Type State Grant Program Rebate Amount CHP greater than 1 MW-3 MW: $0.55/wattt CHP > 3 MW: $0.35/watt Fuel Cells > 1 MW with waste heat utilization: $2.00/watt Fuel Cells > 1 MW without waste heat utilization: $1.50/watt

319

Energy Department Loan Guarantee Would Support Large-Scale Rooftop Solar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Loan Guarantee Would Support Large-Scale Rooftop Loan Guarantee Would Support Large-Scale Rooftop Solar Power for U.S. Military Housing Energy Department Loan Guarantee Would Support Large-Scale Rooftop Solar Power for U.S. Military Housing September 7, 2011 - 2:10pm Addthis Washington D.C. - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced the offer of a conditional commitment for a partial guarantee of a $344 million loan that will support the SolarStrong Project, which is expected to be a record expansion of residential rooftop solar power in the United States. Under the SolarStrong Project, SolarCity Corporation will install, own and operate up to 160,000 rooftop solar installations on as many as 124 U.S. military bases in up to 33 states. SolarCity expects the project to fund approximately 750 construction jobs over five years and 28 full time

320

VP 100: New Facility in Boston to Test Large-Scale Wind Blades | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VP 100: New Facility in Boston to Test Large-Scale Wind Blades VP 100: New Facility in Boston to Test Large-Scale Wind Blades VP 100: New Facility in Boston to Test Large-Scale Wind Blades July 23, 2010 - 1:19pm Addthis Boston's Wind Technology Testing Center, funded in part with Recovery Act funds, will be first in U.S. to test blades up to 300 feet long. | Photo Courtesy of Massachusetts Clean Energy Center Boston's Wind Technology Testing Center, funded in part with Recovery Act funds, will be first in U.S. to test blades up to 300 feet long. | Photo Courtesy of Massachusetts Clean Energy Center Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE America's first-of-its-kind wind blade testing facility - capable of testing a blade as long as a football field - almost never was. Because of funding woes, the Massachusetts Clean Energy Center (MassCEC),

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Total Cost Per MwH for all common large scale power generation sources |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Total Cost Per MwH for all common large scale power generation sources Total Cost Per MwH for all common large scale power generation sources Home > Groups > DOE Wind Vision Community In the US DOEnergy, are there calcuations for real cost of energy considering the negative, socialized costs of all commercial large scale power generation soruces ? I am talking about the cost of mountain top removal for coal mined that way, the trip to the power plant, the sludge pond or ash heap, the cost of the gas out of the stack, toxificaiton of the lakes and streams, plant decommision costs. For nuclear yiou are talking about managing the waste in perpetuity. The plant decomission costs and so on. What I am tring to get at is the 'real cost' per MWh or KWh for the various sources ? I suspect that the costs commonly quoted for fossil fuels and nucelar are

322

Regional climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic array deployment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic array deployment climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic array deployment This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article. 2011 Environ. Res. Lett. 6 034001 (http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/6/3/034001) Download details: IP Address: 98.204.49.123 The article was downloaded on 01/07/2011 at 12:38 Please note that terms and conditions apply. View the table of contents for this issue, or go to the journal homepage for more Home Search Collections Journals About Contact us My IOPscience IOP PUBLISHING ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS Environ. Res. Lett. 6 (2011) 034001 (9pp) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/3/034001 Regional climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic array deployment Dev Millstein and Surabi Menon Lawrence

323

What Will the Neighbors Think? Building Large-Scale Science Projects Around the World  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Public participation is an essential ingredient for turning the International Linear Collider into a reality. Wherever the proposed particle accelerator is sited in the world, its neighbors -- in any country -- will have something to say about hosting a 35-kilometer-long collider in their backyards. When it comes to building large-scale physics projects, almost every laboratory has a story to tell. Three case studies from Japan, Germany and the US will be presented to examine how community relations are handled in different parts of the world. How do particle physics laboratories interact with their local communities? How do neighbors react to building large-scale projects in each region? How can the lessons learned from past experiences help in building the next big project? These and other questions will be discussed to engage the audience in an active dialogue about how a large-scale project like the ILC can be a good neighbor.

Craig Jones, Christian Mrotzek, Nobu Toge and Doug Sarno

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

324

Scientific Software  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science & Education: Science & Education: Science Highlights Conferences Seminars & Meetings Publications Annual Reports APS Upgrade Courses and Schools Graduate Programs Scientific Software Subscribe to APS Recent Publications rss feed Scientific Software Scientists and researchers at the APS develop custom scientific software to help with acquisition and analysis of beamline data. Several packages are available for a variety of platforms and uses. General Diffraction Powder Diffraction Crystallography Synchrotron Radiation / Optical Elements Time-Resolved EXAFS Visualization / Data Processing Detector Controls General Diffraction fprime FPRIME/Absorb This provides utilities for computing approximate x-ray scattering cross sections (f, f' and f") for individual elements using the Cromer & Liberman

325

Variability of Load and Net Load in Case of Large Scale Distributed Wind Power  

SciTech Connect

Large scale wind power production and its variability is one of the major inputs to wind integration studies. This paper analyses measured data from large scale wind power production. Comparisons of variability are made across several variables: time scale (10-60 minute ramp rates), number of wind farms, and simulated vs. modeled data. Ramp rates for Wind power production, Load (total system load) and Net load (load minus wind power production) demonstrate how wind power increases the net load variability. Wind power will also change the timing of daily ramps.

Holttinen, H.; Kiviluoma, J.; Estanqueiro, A.; Gomez-Lazaro, E.; Rawn, B.; Dobschinski, J.; Meibom, P.; Lannoye, E.; Aigner, T.; Wan, Y. H.; Milligan, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Resilient Workflows for Cooperative Design Application of Distributed High-Performance Scientific Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Resilient Workflows for Cooperative Design Application of Distributed High-Performance Scientific-Antoine.Desideri@sophia.inria.fr Abstract--This paper describes an approach to extend process modeling for engineering design applications the traditional fault-tolerance management features provided by the existing hardware and distributed systems

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

327

Distributed computing and nuclear reactor analysis  

SciTech Connect

Large-scale scientific and engineering calculations for nuclear reactor analysis can now be carried out effectively in a distributed computing environment, at costs far lower than for traditional mainframes. The distributed computing environment must include support for traditional system services, such as a queuing system for batch work, reliable filesystem backups, and parallel processing capabilities for large jobs. All ANL computer codes for reactor analysis have been adapted successfully to a distributed system based on workstations and X-terminals. Distributed parallel processing has been demonstrated to be effective for long-running Monte Carlo calculations.

Brown, F.B.; Derstine, K.L.; Blomquist, R.N.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Large Scale Production Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics: Target 2017  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dark energy, dark matter, and inflation – point to future breakthrough discoveriesDriven Discovery for the Dark Universe (cusp) 3) Dark Energy

Gerber, Richard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulation Wei-li Lee (PPPL) C. S. Chang 13 M gc3 MagneticBreslau, J. Chen, G. Fu (PPPL), N Ferraro (General Atomics),Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) in mid-2011 Currently at

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences: Target 2017  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL);   I.  D.  Kaganovich  (PPPL);  A.  E.  Koniges  and  Ronald  Davidson,  PPPL,  PI)   10.1.1 Project  MIT   General  Atomics   PPPL   Area  of  Interest   NERSC  

Gerber, Richard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences: Target 2017  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plasmas   for   thermonuclear   fusion.   Because  of  the  Thermonuclear  Research  (CTR)  and  the  National  Magnetic   Fusion  

Gerber, Richard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Biological and Environmental Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

climate and earth system models, based on theoreticalemerging class of Earth System Models that include detailedof integrated earth system model predictions requires

DOE Office of Science, Biological and Environmental Research Program Office BER,

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences: Target 2017  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fusion  Energy  Sciences:  Target  2017   4 Meeting  Background  and  Structure   In   support   of   its   mission   to   provide  

Gerber, Richard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Computer Energy Modeling Techniques for Simulation Large Scale Correctional Institutes in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for large facilities with multiple buildings, however, has been relatively rare. Due to the immense size of certain facilities such as college campuses and correctional institutes, simulating energy consumption for the entire campus and reporting... Office Building", Oak Ridge National Laboratory, OFWL Report No. ORNLICON-363, Oak Ridge, TN. SAS Institute, Inc. 1990. "SASISTAT User's Guide", Cary, NC, Ver. 6,4th ed., Vol. 2. Torres-Nunci, N. 1989. "Simulation Modeling Energy Consumption...

Heneghan, T.; Haberl, J. S.; Saman, N.; Bou-Saada, T. E.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences: Target 2017  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in   the   Swarthmore   Spheromak   Experiment   showing  of  the  Swarthmore  Spheromak   Experiment  (SSX)  the   Swarthmore   Spheromak   Experiment   is   shown  

Gerber, Richard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Biological and Environmental Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rest of the infrastructure should be hybrid enabled in thehybrid (MPI-OpenMP) mode into the entire model infrastructure.infrastructure currently uses MPI and we are in the process of moving to a hybrid

DOE Office of Science, Biological and Environmental Research Program Office BER,

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

In print, Computers & Structures (2007) Large-Scale Fluid-Structure Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tubes due to the passage of ethylene-oxygen detonations. 1 Introduction The Center for Simulation the evolving interface geometry and velocities are imposed as boundary conditions on the CFD solver

Cirak, Fehmi

338

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences: Target 2017  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

19   8   Magnetic  Fusion  Energy  Science  (MFES)  Case  2017   8 Magnetic  Fusion  Energy  Science  (MFES)  Case  and   NERSC   Senior  Science  Advisor   Magnetic   Fusion  

Gerber, Richard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

General Plasma Science Magnetic Fusion Energy Magneticfor  Fusion  Energy  Sciences   Magnetic  Fusion  Plasma  from the crosscutting science of magnetic reconnection and

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Ignition Facility (NIF) coming online, this is theof SRS/2wp instabilities in NIF relevant regimes. However,parameters relevant to NIF. There are important questions

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Basic Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scale Nanostructure Electronic Structure Calculations mp261d) Some electronic structure calculations, including someNanostructure Electronic Structure Calculations Lin-Wang

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of focus include magnetohydrodynamics, plasma turbulence andsystems, with a focus on the physics of plasmas in magneticas well as space plasmas. The focus of his work is on

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences: Target 2017  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with   a   focus   on   the   physics   of   plasmas   in  well  as  space   plasmas.   The   focus   of   his   work  thermal  plasmas.  This  case  study  focuses  on  the  

Gerber, Richard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences: Target 2017  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ignition   Facility   (NIF)   the   world's   most   powerful   laser,   and  laser-­?plasma   interactions  relevant  to  direct-­? drive  ICF  implosions   Investigations  of  advanced   ignition  

Gerber, Richard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Large Scale Production Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics: Target 2017  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accelerator Laboratory Dark Energy Survey Data Analysis desDark Universe (cusp) 3) Dark Energy Survey (des, not coveredSurvey (BOSS), the Dark Energy Survey (DES), and the South

Gerber, Richard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Basic Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fundamental connections to atomic, molecular, and electronicfundamental connections to atomic, molecular, and electronic

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Stephane Ethier Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratoryof New Hampshire MIT Princeton Plasma Physics LaboratoryLudlow Auburn University Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences: Target 2017  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C.S.  Chang  (Princeton  Plasma  Physics  Laboratory)  at   the   Princeton   Plasma   Physics   Laboratory.  Systems  Facility   Princeton  Plasma  Physics  Laboratory  

Gerber, Richard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences: Target 2017  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

damage   in   fusion  reactors  is  tritium  retention.  a   reliable   fusion   energy   reactor,   small-­?scale  reactor   components   and   ultimately   the   development   of   high-­? performance,   radiation   resistant   materials   for   advanced   nuclear   fission   and   fusion  

Gerber, Richard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Progress in the dual simplex method for large scale LP problems: practical dual phase 1 algorithms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dual simplex algorithm has become a strong contender in solving large scale LP problems. One key problem of any dual simplex algorithm is to obtain a dual feasible basis as a starting point. We give an overview of methods which have been proposed ... Keywords: Dual simplex algorithm, Linear programming, Mathematical optimization system (MOPS)

Achim Koberstein; Uwe H. Suhl

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

INORGANIC NANOPARTICLES AS PHASE-CHANGE MATERIALS FOR LARGE-SCALE THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INORGANIC NANOPARTICLES AS PHASE-CHANGE MATERIALS FOR LARGE- SCALE THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE Miroslaw storage performance. The expected immediate outcome of this effort is the demonstration of high-energy generation at high efficiency could revolutionize the development of solar energy. Nanoparticle-based phase

Pennycook, Steve

352

Large-scale Simulation of the Two-dimensional Kinetic Ising Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large-scale Simulation of the Two-dimensional Kinetic Ising Model Andreas Linke, Dieter W. Heermann-dimensional kinetic Ising model using a lattice of size 106 106 spins. We used Glauber as well as Metropolis dynamics for the Ising model because of its simplicity and its model character as a representant for a universality class

Heermann, Dieter W.

353

Large-scale content-based audio retrieval from text queries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In content-based audio retrieval, the goal is to find sound recordings (audio documents) based on their acoustic features. This content-based approach differs from retrieval approaches that index media files using metadata such as file names and user ... Keywords: content-based audio retrieval, discriminative learning, large scale, ranking

Gal Chechik; Eugene Ie; Martin Rehn; Samy Bengio; Dick Lyon

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Development and Large Scale Benchmark Testing of the PROSPECTOR_3 Threading Algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development and Large Scale Benchmark Testing of the PROSPECTOR_3 Threading Algorithm Jeffrey threading algorithm, which combines various scoring functions designed to match structurally re- lated fragments with RMSD of 2.5 Ã? were predicted. Combining easy and medium sets, 63% (91%) of the targets had

Kihara, Daisuke

355

ScriptGard: Automatic Context-Sensitive Sanitization for Large-Scale Legacy Web Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ScriptGard: Automatic Context-Sensitive Sanitization for Large-Scale Legacy Web Applications@microsoft.com ABSTRACT We empirically analyzed sanitizer use in a shipping web ap- plication with over 400,000 lines of code and over 23,244 methods, the largest empirical analysis of sanitizer use of which we are aware

Livshits, Ben

356

Generative models of rich clubs in Hebbian neuronal networks and large-scale human brain networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Theme Issue Complex network theory and the brain compiled and edited by David Papo, Javier...neuronal networks and large-scale human brain networks Petra E. Vertes 1 Aaron Alexander-Bloch...Theme Issue Complex network theory and the brain . Rich clubs arise when nodes that are...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Optimizing Large Scale Chemical Transport Models for Multicore Platforms John C. Linford and Adrian Sandu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimizing Large Scale Chemical Transport Models for Multicore Platforms John C. Linford and Adrian: Chemical Transport Model, Domain Decom- position, Time Splitting, Multicore, Scalability, IBM Cell Broadband Engine, Intel Quad-Core Xeon. Abstract The performance of a typical chemical transport model

Sandu, Adrian

358

Large-scale observations of a subauroral polarization stream by midlatitude SuperDARN radars: Instantaneous  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Instantaneous longitudinal velocity variations L. B. N. Clausen,1,2 J. B. H. Baker,1 J. M. Ruohoniemi,1 R. A. Greenwald,1 E. G. Thomas,1 S. G. Shepherd,3 E. R. Talaat,4 W. A. Bristow,5 Y. Zheng,6 A. J. Coster,7 and S ionospheric conductivities. Citation: Clausen, L. B. N., et al. (2012), Large-scale observations

Shepherd, Simon

359

Prioritization of fish assemblages with a view to conservation and restoration on a large scale European  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prioritization of fish assemblages with a view to conservation and restoration on a large scale The hierarchical organization of important sites for the conservation or the restoration of fish communities, we developed a methodology, which is easy to implement in different locations. Based on the fish

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

360

Mining Induced Seismicity -Monitoring of a Large Scale Salt Cavern Collapse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mining Induced Seismicity - Monitoring of a Large Scale Salt Cavern Collapse E. Klein* (Ineris), I in the Lorraine salt basin (France). To monitor the cavern collapse, a multi-parameter system featuring high of the roof cavern, with no ground surface movement detected. The high microseismic regime of the cavern has

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Large-scale hierarchical optimization for online advertising and wind farm planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large-scale hierarchical optimization for online advertising and wind farm planning Konstantin Konstantin Salomatin #12;Keywords: online advertising, sponsored search, wind energy, layout optimization (particularly, spon- sored search) and wind farm turbine-layout planning. Whereas very different in specifics

Eskenazi, Maxine

362

AnKLe: Detecting Attacks in Large Scale Systems via Information Emmanuelle Anceaume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AnKLe: Detecting Attacks in Large Scale Systems via Information Divergence Emmanuelle Anceaume. To address this issue, we propose AnKLe (for Attack-tolerant eNhanced Kullback- Leibler divergence Estimator), a novel algorithm for estimating the KL divergence of an observed stream compared to the expected one. AnKLe

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

363

AnKLe: Detecting Attacks in Large Scale Systems via Information Divergence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AnKLe: Detecting Attacks in Large Scale Systems via Information Divergence Emmanuelle Anceaume. To address this issue, we propose AnKLe (for Attack-tolerant eNhanced Kullback-Leibler di- vergence Estimator), a novel algorithm for estimating the KL divergence of an observed stream compared to the expected one. AnKLe

Boyer, Edmond

364

Critical Perspectives on Large-Scale Distributed Applications and Production Grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that utilize production Grid infrastructure. Along the way, we aim to provide an appreciation for the fact that developing distributed applications and the theory and practise of production Grid infrastructure have oftenCritical Perspectives on Large-Scale Distributed Applications and Production Grids Shantenu Jha1

Weissman, Jon

365

On the Connectivity Analysis over Large-Scale Hybrid Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are hybrid networks which include infrastructure nodes in multi-hop wireless networks, such as sinks nodes. hybrid networks which include infrastructure nodes in multi- hop wireless networks, such as sinksOn the Connectivity Analysis over Large-Scale Hybrid Wireless Networks Chi Yi and Wenye Wang

Wang, Wenye

366

Funding for Large-Scale Sustainable Energy Projects Combining Expert Opinions to Support Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Funding for Large-Scale Sustainable Energy Projects Combining Expert Opinions to Support Decisions for a sustainable energy future? Three teams, UMass, Harvard, and FEEM (Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei), share a goal technologies to fund for optimal success for a sustainable energy future. Progress and Results · Created models

Mountziaris, T. J.

367

The impact of large scale biomass production on ozone air pollution in Joost B. Beltman a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impact of large scale biomass production on ozone air pollution in Europe Joost B. Beltman a , Carlijn Hendriks a , Markus Tum b , Martijn Schaap a,* a TNO, Department of Climate, Air by up to 25% and 40%. Air pollution mitigation strategies should consider land use management. a r t i

Utrecht, Universiteit

368

Design Considerations for a Large-Scale Wireless Sensor Network for Substation Monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design Considerations for a Large-Scale Wireless Sensor Network for Substation Monitoring Asis University City Blvd. Charlotte, NC 28223 Luke Van der Zel and Bienvenido Rodriguez Substations Group EPRI-Transmissions & Substations 9625 Research Drive Charlotte, NC 28262 Ralph McKosky Technology Innovation, Environment

Nasipuri, Asis

369

Polymeric Electro-optic Modulators: From Chromophore Design to Integration with Semiconductor Very Large Scale Integration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polymeric Electro-optic Modulators: From Chromophore Design to Integration with Semiconductor Very Large Scale Integration Electronics and Silica Fiber Optics L. Dalton, A. Harper, A. Ren, F. Wang, G California, Los Angeles, California 90089-1661 Chromophores with optimized second-order optical nonlinearity

370

ORIGINAL PAPER Large-scale dynamics of a heterogeneous forest resource  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, conifer-dominated and broadleaf-conifer mixed stands) and stand structure (here high forest, coppiceORIGINAL PAPER Large-scale dynamics of a heterogeneous forest resource are driven jointly /Published online: 22 March 2012 # INRA / Springer-Verlag France 2012 Abstract & Context Forest resource

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

371

Title of Document: VARIABILITY OF THE GREAT PLAINS LOW-LEVEL JET: LARGE SCALE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT Title of Document: VARIABILITY OF THE GREAT PLAINS LOW-LEVEL JET: LARGE SCALE CIRCULATION Nigam, Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Variability of the Great Plains Low-Level Jet Plains precipitation variability, and together, account for ~75% of the variance. Ocean basin centered

Maryland at College Park, University of

372

MPO 612 -LARGE-SCALE OCEAN CIRCULATION W. JOHNS -SPRING 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) - Observations of the Deep Circulation - Deep Western Boundary Currents - Role of the Southern Ocean - The Upper-OceanMPO 612 - LARGE-SCALE OCEAN CIRCULATION W. JOHNS - SPRING 2010 The course will cover basic theories of the wind driven and thermohaline circulation of the oceans. Numerical models of ocean circulation

Miami, University of

373

Validation of a large-scale wireless structural monitoring system on the Geumdang Bridge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Validation of a large-scale wireless structural monitoring system on the Geumdang Bridge Jerome Peter Lynch University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA Yang Wang, Kincho H. Law Stanford University 14 wireless sensors is installed in the Geumdang Bridge, South Korea. In parallel to the wireless

Stanford University

374

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: the transition to large-scale cosmic homogeneity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Articles The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: the transition to large-scale...this work, we use the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey (Drinkwater et al. ) to make...THE WiggleZ SURVEY The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey (Drinkwater et al. ) is a......

Morag I. Scrimgeour; Tamara Davis; Chris Blake; J. Berian James; Gregory B. Poole; Lister Staveley-Smith; Sarah Brough; Matthew Colless; Carlos Contreras; Warrick Couch; Scott Croom; Darren Croton; Michael J. Drinkwater; Karl Forster; David Gilbank; Mike Gladders; Karl Glazebrook; Ben Jelliffe; Russell J. Jurek; I-hui Li; Barry Madore; D. Christopher Martin; Kevin Pimbblet; Michael Pracy; Rob Sharp; Emily Wisnioski; David Woods; Ted K. Wyder; H. K. C. Yee

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

A Parallel Rolling Horizon Scheme for Large Scale Security Constrained Unit Commitment Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

grid [1]. To maintain the security of the electric grid, a variety of security constrained, for exampleA Parallel Rolling Horizon Scheme for Large Scale Security Constrained Unit Commitment Problems and security constraints. In this paper, we improve the traditional Lagrange Relaxation (LR) approach

Feinberg, Eugene A.

376

Seven League Boots: A New Metaphor for Augmented Locomotion through Moderately Large Scale Immersive Virtual Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seven League Boots: A New Metaphor for Augmented Locomotion through Moderately Large Scale boots. The key characteristic of this method is that it involves determining a user's intended direction virtual hallway, participants overwhelmingly preferred the seven league boots method to the other methods

Interrante, Victoria

377

Realistic Large Scale ad hoc Animal Monitoring Bartosz Wietrzyk, Milena Radenkovic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Realistic Large Scale ad hoc Animal Monitoring Bartosz Wietrzyk, Milena Radenkovic School for profitability of animal production as well as welfare of animals and farmers. In this paper we define requirements for such monitoring on the basis of questionnaires distributed to potential users and processing

Aickelin, Uwe

378

Seismic Modelling of the Earth's Large-Scale Three-Dimensional Structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

4 July 1989 research-article Seismic Modelling of the Earth's Large-Scale...article we describe several methods of seismic inversion and intercompare the resulting...is that the magnitude of the observed seismic anomalies is of the order expected in...

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Polar firn air reveals large-scale impact of anthropogenic mercury emissions during the 1970s  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...exhibit a similar trend: a large decrease during...reservoirs occurs on a large scale. The connection...Asia has become the largest contributor of anthropogenic...19, 56) from one borehole at depths of 15, 25...into the borehole after drilling to the sampling depth...

Xavier Faïn; Christophe P. Ferrari; Aurélien Dommergue; Mary R. Albert; Mark Battle; Jeff Severinghaus; Laurent Arnaud; Jean-Marc Barnola; Warren Cairns; Carlo Barbante; Claude Boutron

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Discovering Pictorial Brand Associations from Large-Scale Online Image Data Disney Research Pittsburgh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Discovering Pictorial Brand Associations from Large-Scale Online Image Data Gunhee Kim Disney concepts associated with brands, and (ii) localizing the re- gions of brand in images. For experiments we collect about five millions of images of 48 brands crawled from five popu- lar online photo sharing sites

Xing, Eric P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Recent advances in large scale image search Herve Jegou, Matthijs Douze, and Cordelia Schmid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent advances in large scale image search Herve Jegou, Matthijs Douze, and Cordelia Schmid INRIA search. State-of-the-art methods build on the bag-of-features image rep- resentation. We first analyze bag-of-features in the framework of approx- imate nearest neighbor search. This shows the sub

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

382

Optimization and Large Scale Learning Optimization lies at the heart of almost every machine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization and Large Scale Learning Optimization lies at the heart of almost every machine these facets requires optimization techniques tailored to not only respect them but to ag- gressively exploit by looking at the recent book [1] (MIT Press, 2011), or at the follow- ing workshops: (i) "Optimization

383

Environmental Effects and Its Assessment for Shale Gas Large-Scale Development of China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Shale gas is a new kind of unconventional gas and can be used with a environmental acceptable way with high energy efficiency. The large-scale development of shale gas in china will contribute to energy structure referring both in supply and demand as ...

Jian Wang, Zihan Liu, Shubin Wang

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Microfluidic very large scale integration (mVLSI) with integrated micromechanical valves{  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microfluidic very large scale integration (mVLSI) with integrated micromechanical valves{ Ismail40258k Microfluidic chips with a high density of control elements are required to improve device and accessible high-density microfluidic chips, we have fabricated a monolithic PDMS valve architecture

Quake, Stephen R.

385

Asymptotically Optimal Transmission Policies for Large-Scale Low-Power Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymptotically Optimal Transmission Policies for Large-Scale Low-Power Wireless Sensor Networks. The objective is to devise joint routing, power control and transmission scheduling policies in order to gather formulate the problem as maximizing the utility of transmissions subject to explicit fairness constraints

Starobinski, David

386

Effects of large-scale distribution of wind energy in and around Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of large-scale distribution of wind energy in and around Europe Gregor Giebel Niels Gylling energy in Europe? · Distribution of wind energy all over Europe leads to smoothing of the wind power energy can easily supply up to ~20% of the European demand. At this stage, · Less than 13% of the wind

387

Energy-Efficient Antenna Selection and Power Allocation for Large-Scale Multiple Antenna  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the BS to harvest energy from renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, and so on, can effectivelyEnergy-Efficient Antenna Selection and Power Allocation for Large-Scale Multiple Antenna Systems with Hybrid Energy Supply Zhenyu Zhou1 , Sheng Zhou2 , Jie Gong2 , and Zhisheng Niu2 1 State Key Laboratory

388

Linear Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-scale Electronic Structure Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linear Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-scale Electronic Structure Calculations Lin-Wang Wang) allocation time in the materials science category [1]. DFT codes can be used to calculate the electronic theory (DFT) calculations for large systems. This method cancels out the artificial boundary effects

389

An Integrated Docking Pipeline for the Prediction of Large-Scale Protein-Protein Interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Integrated Docking Pipeline for the Prediction of Large-Scale Protein-Protein Interactions Xin. In this study, we developed a protein-protein docking pipeline (PPDP) that integrates a variety of state studies. In this study, we developed a protein-protein docking pipeline by integrat

390

An analysis and validation pipeline for large-scale RNAi-based screens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analysis and validation pipeline for large-scale RNAi-based screens Michael Plank1 , Guang Hu2 pipeline to prioritize these candidates incorporating effect sizes, functional enrichment analysis associated with oxidative stress resistance, as a proof-of-concept of our pipeline we demonstrate

de Magalhães, João Pedro

391

From trickle to flood: the large-scale, cryptic invasion of California by tropical fruit flies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...licenses/by/3.0/ , which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited. From trickle to flood: the large-scale, cryptic invasion of California by tropical fruit flies Nikos T. Papadopoulos 1 Richard E. Plant 2 James...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Large-scale search 1 In press, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance (April 2014)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large-scale search 1 In press, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance), concrete, outdoor space to report which side of a coin on the ground faced up. They began search- centered (particularly retinotopic) representation of attention (Abrams & Pratt, 2000; Burr & Morrone, 2012

Jiang, Yuhong

393

Bridging the Gap Between Commissioning Measures and Large Scale Retrofits in Existing Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

installed in the building to reach the same goal. The purpose of the investigations presented here is to find energy-saving measures which economically fall between the retro-commissioning measures which typically have very short paybacks and the large scale...

Bynum, J.; Jones, A.; Claridge, D. E.

394

Parameter identification in large-scale models for oil and gas production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parameter identification in large-scale models for oil and gas production Jorn F.M. Van Doren: Models used for model-based (long-term) operations as monitoring, control and optimization of oil and gas information to the identification problem. These options are illustrated with examples taken from oil and gas

Van den Hof, Paul

395

STATISTICAL METHODS FOR RELATING TEMPERATURE EXTREMES TO LARGE-SCALE METEOROLOGICAL PATTERNS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 STATISTICAL METHODS FOR RELATING TEMPERATURE EXTREMES TO LARGE-SCALE METEOROLOGICAL PATTERNS Rick Extreme Value Analysis: Block Maxima (3) Conditional Extreme Value Analysis: Peaks over Threshold (4) Application to California Temperature Extremes (5) Remaining Work #12;3 #12;4 #12;5 (1) Introduction

Katz, Richard

396

Final Report on DOE Project entitled Dynamic Optimized Advanced Scheduling of Bandwidth Demands for Large-Scale Science Applications  

SciTech Connect

In this project, developed scheduling frameworks for dynamic bandwidth demands for large-scale science applications. In particular, we developed scheduling algorithms for dynamic bandwidth demands in this project. Apart from theoretical approaches such as Integer Linear Programming, Tabu Search and Genetic Algorithm heuristics, we have utilized practical data from ESnet OSCARS project (from our DOE lab partners) to conduct realistic simulations of our approaches. We have disseminated our work through conference paper presentations and journal papers and a book chapter. In this project we addressed the problem of scheduling of lightpaths over optical wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) networks. We published several conference papers and journal papers on this topic. We also addressed the problems of joint allocation of computing, storage and networking resources in Grid/Cloud networks and proposed energy-efficient mechanisms for operatin optical WDM networks.

Ramamurthy, Byravamurthy [University of Nebraska-Lincoln

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

397

Configurable Virtualized System Environments for High Performance Computing  

SciTech Connect

Existing challenges for current terascale high performance computing (HPC) systems are increasingly hampering the development and deployment efforts of system software and scientific applications for next-generation petascale systems. The expected rapid system upgrade interval toward petascale scientific computing demands an incremental strategy for the development and deployment of legacy and new large-scale scientific applications that avoids excessive porting. Furthermore, system software developers as well as scientific application developers require access to large-scale testbed environments in order to test individual solutions at scale. This paper proposes to address these issues at the system software level through the development of a virtualized system environment (VSE) for scientific computing. The proposed VSE approach enables ''plug-and-play'' supercomputing through desktop-to-cluster-to-petaflop computer system-level virtualization based on recent advances in hypervisor virtualization technologies. This paper describes the VSE system architecture in detail, discusses needed tools for VSE system management and configuration, and presents respective VSE use case scenarios.

Engelmann, Christian [ORNL; Scott, Stephen L [ORNL; Ong, Hong Hoe [ORNL; Vallee, Geoffroy R [ORNL; Naughton, III, Thomas J [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Energy Department Seeks Proposals to Use Scientific Computing Resources at Lawrence Berkeley, Oak Ridge National Laboratories  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

WASHINGTON, DC -- Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman announced today that DOE's Office of Science is seeking proposals to support computational science projects to enable high-impact advances...

399

Solar Power in the Desert: Are the current large-scale solar developments really improving California’s environment?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

large scale solar developments in California will impactpoorly placed solar arrays in California leads to the losslarge-scale solar developments really improving California’s

Allen, Michael F.; McHughen, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

A divide-and-conquer linear scaling three dimensional fragment method for large scale electronic structure calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

large scale electronic structure calculations Zhengji Zhao,total energy electronic structure calculation method basedfor ab initio electronic structure calculations. We have

Zhao, Zhengji

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

NETL: News Release - First U.S. Large-Scale CO2 Storage Project Advances  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

April 6, 2009 April 6, 2009 First U.S. Large-Scale CO2 Storage Project Advances One Million Metric Tons of Carbon to be Injected at Illinois Site Washington, DC -Drilling nears completion for the first large-scale carbon dioxide (CO2) injection well in the United States for CO2 sequestration. This project will be used to demonstrate that CO2 emitted from industrial sources - such as coal-fired power plants - can be stored in deep geologic formations to mitigate large quantities of greenhouse gas emissions. MORE INFO Link to the Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium web site The Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM) hosted an event April 6 for a CO2 injection test at their Decatur, Ill. ethanol facility. The injection well is being drilled into the Mount Simon Sandstone to a depth more than a mile

402

NAMD - The Engine for Large-Scale Classical MD Simulations of Biomolecular  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NAMD NAMD NAMD - The Engine for Large-Scale Classical MD Simulations of Biomolecular Systems Based on a Polarizable Force Field PI Name: Benoit Roux PI Email: roux@uchicago.edu Institution: Argonne National Laboratory & University of Chicago Allocation Program: ESP Allocation Hours at ALCF: 80 Million Year: 2010 to 2013 Research Domain: Biological Sciences Biology, at the atomic and molecular level, is governed by complex interactions involving a large number of key constituents, including water, ions, proteins, nucleic acids, and lipid membranes. The goal of this project is to develop new technologies to simulate virtual models of biomolecular systems with an unprecedented accuracy. Large-scale molecular dynamics (MD) simulations based on atomic models play an increasingly

403

Large-Scale Wind Integration Studies in the United States: Preliminary Results  

SciTech Connect

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory, under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Energy, is managing two large-scale wind integration studies. The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) covers the footprint of WestConnect, a group of transmission owners that covers most of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, and Wyoming. The Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study (EWITS) covers a large part of the Eastern Interconnection, and leverages a large-scale transmission study known as the Joint Coordinated System Plan (JCSP). Both studies analyze the impact of 20-30% wind energy penetration within the study footprint based on energy. This paper discusses key results that have emerged so far from each study, focusing primarily on simulation results based on hourly production simulations. Results from both studies show that high wind penetrations can be successfully integrated into the power system, but depend on sufficient transmission and significant changes in operations.

Milligan, M.; Lew, D.; Corbus, D.; Piwko, R.; Miller, N.; Clark, K.; Jordan, G.; Freeman, L.; Zavadil, B.; Schuerger, M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Lenticular galaxy IC 719: current building of the counterrotating large-scale stellar disk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have obtained and analyzed long-slit spectral data for the lenticular galaxy IC 719. In this gas-rich S0 galaxy, its large-scale gaseous disk counterrotates the global stellar disk. Moreover in the IC 719 disk we have detected a secondary stellar component corotating the ionized gas. By using emission-line intensity ratios, we have proved the gas excitation by young stars and so are claiming current star formation, most intense in a ring-like zone at the radius of 10" (1.4 kpc). The oxygen abundance of the gas in the starforming ring is about half of the solar abundance. Since the stellar disk remains dynamically cool, we conclude that smooth prolonged accretion of the external gas from a neighboring galaxy provides urrent building of the thin large-scale stellar disk.

Katkov, Ivan Yu; Afanasiev, Victor L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

A ranking and exploration service based on large-scale usage data  

SciTech Connect

This poster presents the architecture and user interface of a prototype service that was designed to allow end-users to explore the s tructure of science and perform assessments of scholarly impact on the basis of large-scale usage data. The underlying usage data set was constructed by the NIESUR project which collected 1 billion usage events from a wide range of publishers, aggregators and institutional consortia.

Bollen, Johan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Van De Sompel, Herbert L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balakireva, Lyudmila L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chute, Ryan M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

The Future of the Local Large Scale Structure: the roles of Dark Matter and Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the distinct effects of Dark Matter and Dark Energy on the future evolution of nearby large scale structures using constrained N-body simulations. We contrast a model of Cold Dark Matter and a Cosmological Constant (LCDM) with an Open CDM (OCDM) model with the same matter density Omega_m =0.3 and the same Hubble constant h=0.7. Already by the time the scale factor increased by a factor of 6 (29 Gyr from now in LCDM; 78 Gyr from now in OCDM) the comoving position of the Local Group is frozen. Well before that epoch the two most massive members of the Local Group, the Milky Way and Andromeda, will merge. However, as the expansion rates of the scale factor in the two models are different, the Local Group will be receding in physical coordinates from Virgo exponentially in a LCDM model and at a roughly constant velocity in an OCDM model. More generally, in comoving coordinates the future large scale structure will look like a sharpened image of the present structure: the skeleton of the cosmic web will remain the same, but clusters will be more `isolated' and the filaments will become thinner. This implies that the long-term fate of large scale structure as seen in comoving coordinates is determined primarily by the matter density. We conclude that although the LCDM model is accelerating at present due to its Dark Energy component while the OCDM model is non accelerating, their large scale structure in the future will look very similar in comoving coordinates.

Yehuda Hoffman; Ofer Lahav; Gustavo Yepes; Yaniv Dover

2007-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

407

Modular, object-oriented redesign of a large-scale Monte Carlo neutron transport program  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the modular, object-oriented redesign of a large-scale Monte Carlo neutron transport program. This effort represents a complete 'white sheet of paper' rewrite of the code. In this paper, the motivation driving this project, the design objectives for the new version of the program, and the design choices and their consequences will be discussed. The design itself will also be described, including the important subsystems as well as the key classes within those subsystems.

Moskowitz, B.S.

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

A Climatology of Tropical Anvil and Its Relationship to the Large-Scale Circulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research was sponsored by the ARM-DOE Grant DE-FG02-06ER64174. viii TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT??????.???????????????????..??? iii DEDICATION... the climate feedback obtained from doubled CO 2 experiments with different parameterizations of large-scale clouds and moist convection by using the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) GCM. They showed that the presence of optically thick anvil...

Li, Wei

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

409

NETL: News Release - Projects Selected to Address Challenges of Large-Scale  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3, 2008 3, 2008 Projects Selected to Address Challenges of Large-Scale Hydrogen Production from Coal and Coal-Biomass WASHINGTON, D. C. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced today the selection of six projects that will address challenges facing the large-scale production of hydrogen from coal and coal-biomass mixtures. The ability of hydrogen to fuel transportation, power generation and industrial processes with only water as a by-product makes it an efficient and clean fuel to meet growing U.S. energy demands while assuring energy security. The National Academies affirmed in a 2004 report that hydrogen could fundamentally transform U.S. energy systems, but coal must be a significant component for making very large amounts of the gas. To address the challenges of large-scale production of hydrogen from coal, the Hydrogen Fuel Initiative was launched in 2003, announcing a $1.2 billion commitment to a hydrogen economy that minimizes America's dependence on foreign oil and reduces greenhouse gas emissions. The Presidential initiative also provides funding for hydrogen research and development (R&D).

410

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Techniques in ESCWA Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.escwa.un.org/information/publications/edit/upload/sdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen UN Region: "Western Asia & North Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

411

Studying large-scale structure with the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey is the first to observe more than 100,000 redshifts. This allows precise measurements of many of the key statistics of galaxy clustering, in particular redshift-space distortions and the large-scale power spectrum. This paper presents the current 2dFGRS results in these areas. Redshift-space distortions are detected with a high degree of significance, confirming the detailed Kaiser distortion from large-scale infall velocities, and measuring the distortion parameter beta equiv Omega_m^{0.6}/b = 0.43 +- 0.07. The power spectrum is measured to 0.02 h Mpc^{-1}, and is well fitted by a CDM model with Omega_m h = 0.20 +- 0.03 and a baryon fraction of 0.15 +- 0.07. A joint analysis with CMB data requires Omega_m = 0.29 +- 0.05, assuming scalar fluctuations, but no priors on other parameters. Two methods are used to determine the large-scale bias parameter: an internal bispectrum analysis yields b = 1.04 +- 0.11, in very good agreement with the b = 1.10 +- 0.08 obtained from a joint 2dFGRS+CMB analysis, again assuming scalar fluctuations. These figures refer to galaxies of approximate luminosity 2L^*; luminosity dependence of clustering is detected at high significance, and is well described by b/b^* = 0.85 + 0.15(L/L^*).

J. A. Peacock; M. Colless; I. Baldry; C. Baugh; J. Bland-Hawthorn; T. J. Bridges; R. Cannon; S. Cole; C. A. Collins; W. Couch; G. B. Dalton; R. De Propris; S. P. Driver; G. Efstathiou; R. S. Ellis; C. S. Frenk; K. Glazebrook; C. A. Jackson; O. Lahav; I. J. Lewis; S. Lumsden; S. J. Maddox; D. Madgwick; P. Norberg; W. Percival; B. A. Peterson; W. J. Sutherland; K. Taylor

2002-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

412

The application of cloud computing to scientific workflows: a study of cost and performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and systems engineers to exploit...in the cloud environment Astronomers...administration are the responsibility of the end...the compute environment. Briefly...takes on the responsibility of managing...on different environments, along with...end user's responsibility. Both Canon...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Potential climatic impacts and reliability of large-scale offshore wind farms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The vast availability of wind power has fueled substantial interest in this renewable energy source as a potential near-zero greenhouse gas emission technology for meeting future world energy needs while addressing the climate change issue. However, in order to provide even a fraction of the estimated future energy needs, a large-scale deployment of wind turbines (several million) is required. The consequent environmental impacts, and the inherent reliability of such a large-scale usage of intermittent wind power would have to be carefully assessed, in addition to the need to lower the high current unit wind power costs. Our previous study (Wang and Prinn 2010 Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10 2053) using a three-dimensional climate model suggested that a large deployment of wind turbines over land to meet about 10% of predicted world energy needs in 2100 could lead to a significant temperature increase in the lower atmosphere over the installed regions. A global-scale perturbation to the general circulation patterns as well as to the cloud and precipitation distribution was also predicted. In the later study reported here, we conducted a set of six additional model simulations using an improved climate model to further address the potential environmental and intermittency issues of large-scale deployment of offshore wind turbines for differing installation areas and spatial densities. In contrast to the previous land installation results, the offshore wind turbine installations are found to cause a surface cooling over the installed offshore regions. This cooling is due principally to the enhanced latent heat flux from the sea surface to lower atmosphere, driven by an increase in turbulent mixing caused by the wind turbines which was not entirely offset by the concurrent reduction of mean wind kinetic energy. We found that the perturbation of the large-scale deployment of offshore wind turbines to the global climate is relatively small compared to the case of land-based installations. However, the intermittency caused by the significant seasonal wind variations over several major offshore sites is substantial, and demands further options to ensure the reliability of large-scale offshore wind power. The method that we used to simulate the offshore wind turbine effect on the lower atmosphere involved simply increasing the ocean surface drag coefficient. While this method is consistent with several detailed fine-scale simulations of wind turbines, it still needs further study to ensure its validity. New field observations of actual wind turbine arrays are definitely required to provide ultimate validation of the model predictions presented here.

Chien Wang; Ronald G Prinn

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Scientific Capabilities | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Microfabrication Mass Spectrometry Microscopy Molecular Science Computing NMR and EPR Spectroscopy and Diffraction Subsurface Flow and Transport Scientific Capabilities We...

415

Hydraulic characterization of aquifers by thermal response testing: Validation by large-scale tank and field experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydraulic characterization of aquifers by thermal response testing: Validation by large-scale tank by application to a well-controlled, large-scale tank experiment with 9 m length, 6 m width, and 4.5 m depth, and by data interpretation from a field-scale test. The tank experiment imitates an advection-influenced TRT

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

416

Predictive Modeling of Large-Scale Commercial Water Desalination Plants: Data-Based Neural Network and Model-Based Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predictive Modeling of Large-Scale Commercial Water Desalination Plants: Data-Based Neural Network for developing predictive models for large-scale commercial water desalination plants by (1) a data (MSF) and reverse osmosis (RO) desalination plants in the world. Our resulting neural network

Liu, Y. A.

417

Forest landscape models, a tool for understanding the effect of the large-scale and long-term landscape processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Editorial Forest landscape models, a tool for understanding the effect of the large-scale and long-term landscape processes Forest landscape models have become important tools for understanding large-scale and long-term landscape (spatial) processes such as climate change, fire, windthrow, seed dispersal, insect

He, Hong S.

418

A Domain Decomposition Approach for Large-Scale Simulations of Flow Processes in Hydrate-Bearing Geologic Media  

SciTech Connect

Simulation of the system behavior of hydrate-bearing geologic media involves solving fully coupled mass- and heat-balance equations. In this study, we develop a domain decomposition approach for large-scale gas hydrate simulations with coarse-granularity parallel computation. This approach partitions a simulation domain into small subdomains. The full model domain, consisting of discrete subdomains, is still simulated simultaneously by using multiple processes/processors. Each processor is dedicated to following tasks of the partitioned subdomain: updating thermophysical properties, assembling mass- and energy-balance equations, solving linear equation systems, and performing various other local computations. The linearized equation systems are solved in parallel with a parallel linear solver, using an efficient interprocess communication scheme. This new domain decomposition approach has been implemented into the TOUGH+HYDRATE code and has demonstrated excellent speedup and good scalability. In this paper, we will demonstrate applications for the new approach in simulating field-scale models for gas production from gas-hydrate deposits.

Zhang, Keni; Moridis, G.J.; Wu, Y.-S.; Pruess, K.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Center for Technology for Advanced Scientific Componet Software (TASCS)  

SciTech Connect

Advanced Scientific Computing Research Computer Science FY 2010Report Center for Technology for Advanced Scientific Component Software: Distributed CCA State University of New York, Binghamton, NY, 13902 Summary The overall objective of Binghamton's involvement is to work on enhancements of the CCA environment, motivated by the applications and research initiatives discussed in the proposal. This year we are working on re-focusing our design and development efforts to develop proof-of-concept implementations that have the potential to significantly impact scientific components. We worked on developing parallel implementations for non-hydrostatic code and worked on a model coupling interface for biogeochemical computations coded in MATLAB. We also worked on the design and implementation modules that will be required for the emerging MapReduce model to be effective for scientific applications. Finally, we focused on optimizing the processing of scientific datasets on multi-core processors. Research Details We worked on the following research projects that we are working on applying to CCA-based scientific applications. 1. Non-Hydrostatic Hydrodynamics: Non-static hydrodynamics are significantly more accurate at modeling internal waves that may be important in lake ecosystems. Non-hydrostatic codes, however, are significantly more computationally expensive, often prohibitively so. We have worked with Chin Wu at the University of Wisconsin to parallelize non-hydrostatic code. We have obtained a speed up of about 26 times maximum. Although this is significant progress, we hope to improve the performance further, such that it becomes a practical alternative to hydrostatic codes. 2. Model-coupling for water-based ecosystems: To answer pressing questions about water resources requires that physical models (hydrodynamics) be coupled with biological and chemical models. Most hydrodynamics codes are written in Fortran, however, while most ecologists work in MATLAB. This disconnect creates a great barrier. To address this, we are working on a model coupling interface that will allow biogeochemical computations written in MATLAB to couple with Fortran codes. This will greatly improve the productivity of ecosystem scientists. 2. Low overhead and Elastic MapReduce Implementation Optimized for Memory and CPU-Intensive Applications: Since its inception, MapReduce has frequently been associated with Hadoop and large-scale datasets. Its deployment at Amazon in the cloud, and its applications at Yahoo! for large-scale distributed document indexing and database building, among other tasks, have thrust MapReduce to the forefront of the data processing application domain. The applicability of the paradigm however extends far beyond its use with data intensive applications and diskbased systems, and can also be brought to bear in processing small but CPU intensive distributed applications. MapReduce however carries its own burdens. Through experiments using Hadoop in the context of diverse applications, we uncovered latencies and delay conditions potentially inhibiting the expected performance of a parallel execution in CPU-intensive applications. Furthermore, as it currently stands, MapReduce is favored for data-centric applications, and as such tends to be solely applied to disk-based applications. The paradigm, falls short in bringing its novelty to diskless systems dedicated to in-memory applications, and compute intensive programs processing much smaller data, but requiring intensive computations. In this project, we focused both on the performance of processing large-scale hierarchical data in distributed scientific applications, as well as the processing of smaller but demanding input sizes primarily used in diskless, and memory resident I/O systems. We designed LEMO-MR [1], a Low overhead, elastic, configurable for in- memory applications, and on-demand fault tolerance, an optimized implementation of MapReduce, for both on disk and in memory applications. We conducted experiments to identify not only the necessary components of this mod

Govindaraju, Madhusudhan

2010-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

420

Energy spectra of quantum turbulence: Large-scale simulation and modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a 20483 simulation of quantum turbulence within the Gross-Pitaevskii equation, it is demonstrated that the large-scale motions have a classical Kolmogorov-1941 energy spectrum E(k)?k?5/3, followed by an energy accumulation with E(k)? const at k about the reciprocal mean intervortex distance. This behavior was predicted by the L'vov-Nazarenko-Rudenko bottleneck model of gradual eddy-wave crossover [L’vov, Nazarenko, and Rudenko, J. Low Temp. Phys. 153, 140 (2008)], further developed in the paper.

Narimasa Sasa; Takuma Kano; Masahiko Machida; Victor S. L’vov; Oleksii Rudenko; Makoto Tsubota

2011-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

A model for red blood cells in simulations of large-scale blood flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Red blood cells (RBCs) are an essential component of blood. A method to include the particulate nature of blood is introduced here with the goal of studying circulation in large-scale realistic vessels. The method uses a combination of the Lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) to account for the plasma motion, and a modified Molecular Dynamics scheme for the cellular motion. Numerical results illustrate the quality of the model in reproducing known rheological properties of blood as much as revealing the effect of RBC structuring on the wall shear stress, with consequences on the development of cardiovascular diseases.

Simone Melchionna

2011-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

422

Large-Scale Field Study of Landfill Covers at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

A large-scale field demonstration comparing final landfill cover designs has been constructed and is currently being monitored at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Two conventional designs (a RCRA Subtitle `D' Soil Cover and a RCRA Subtitle `C' Compacted Clay Cover) were constructed side-by-side with four alternative cover test plots designed for dry environments. The demonstration is intended to evaluate the various cover designs based on their respective water balance performance, ease and reliability of construction, and cost. This paper presents an overview of the ongoing demonstration.

Dwyer, S.F.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Power spectrum of large-scale magnetic fields from Gravitoelectromagnetic inflation with a decaying cosmological parameter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introducing a variable cosmological parameter $\\Lambda (t)$ in a geometrical manner from a 5D Riemann-flat metric, we investigate the origin and evolution of primordial magnetic fields in the early universe, when the expansion is governed by a cosmological parameter $\\Lambda (t)$ that decreases with time. Using the gravitoelectromagnetic inflationary formalism, but without the Feynman gauge, we obtain the power of spectrums for large-scale magnetic fields and the inflaton field fluctuations during inflation. A very important fact is that our formalism is {\\em naturally non-conformally invariant}.

Federico Agustin Membiela; Mauricio Bellini

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

424

The Feasibility of Building Large Scale Optical Switches Using a Novel MZI-SOA Hybrid Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

presents a schematic of the loop control plane. The switch is mounted on a thermo-electric cooler and operates at 20ºC. Lensed fibres are used to couple light in and out the chip, with a coupling loss of 8dB. A central scheduler (Stanford Research Systems... The Feasibility of Building Large Scale Optical Switches Using a Novel MZI-SOA Hybrid Approach Q. Cheng, J. L. Wei, A. Wonfor, R.V. Penty and I.H. White Centre for Photonic Systems, Electrical Division, Department of Engineering, University...

Cheng, Q.; Wei, J. L.; Wonfor, A.; Penty, R. V.; White, I. H.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

THE APM CLUSTER SURVEY: CLUSTER DETECTION AND LARGE-SCALE STRUCTURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The APM Cluster Survey was based on a modification of Abell's original classification scheme for galaxy clusters. Here we discuss the results of an investigation of the stability of the statistical properties of the cluster catalogue to changes in the selection parameters. For a poor choice of selection parameters we find clear indications of line-of-sight clusters, but there is a wide range of input parameters for which the statistical properties of the catalogue are stable. We conclude that clusters selected in this way are indeed useful as tracers of large-scale structure.

G. B. Dalton

1995-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

426

Computer Science | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

computation capability includes experts in system software, component technology, architecture algorithms, virtualization, networking, real-time and large-scale data analytics,...

427

The International Symposium on Numeric and Symbolic Algorithms for Scientific Computing, SYNASC, is an annual event in Timioara, Romania. It has been organized by the West  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

years, an international forum for presenting their research, as well as by facilitating contacts between of the symposium were the plenary talks given by a distinguished set of international researchers: James DavenportPreface The International Symposium on Numeric and Symbolic Algorithms for Scientific Computing

Watt, Stephen M.

428

Advanced Artificial Science. The development of an artificial science and engineering research infrastructure to facilitate innovative computational modeling, analysis, and application to interdisciplinary areas of scientific investigation.  

SciTech Connect

This is a final report of the DOE award DE-SC0001132, Advanced Artificial Science. The development of an artificial science and engineering research infrastructure to facilitate innovative computational modeling, analysis, and application to interdisciplinary areas of scientific investigation. This document describes the achievements of the goals, and resulting research made possible by this award.

Saffer, Shelley (Sam) I.

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Large Scale Ice Water Path and 3-D Ice Water Content  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Cloud ice water concentration is one of the most important, yet poorly observed, cloud properties. Developing physical parameterizations used in general circulation models through single-column modeling is one of the key foci of the ARM program. In addition to the vertical profiles of temperature, water vapor and condensed water at the model grids, large-scale horizontal advective tendencies of these variables are also required as forcing terms in the single-column models. Observed horizontal advection of condensed water has not been available because the radar/lidar/radiometer observations at the ARM site are single-point measurement, therefore, do not provide horizontal distribution of condensed water. The intention of this product is to provide large-scale distribution of cloud ice water by merging available surface and satellite measurements. The satellite cloud ice water algorithm uses ARM ground-based measurements as baseline, produces datasets for 3-D cloud ice water distributions in a 10 deg x 10 deg area near ARM site. The approach of the study is to expand a (surface) point measurement to an (satellite) areal measurement. That is, this study takes the advantage of the high quality cloud measurements at the point of ARM site. We use the cloud characteristics derived from the point measurement to guide/constrain satellite retrieval, then use the satellite algorithm to derive the cloud ice water distributions within an area, i.e., 10 deg x 10 deg centered at ARM site.

Liu, Guosheng

430

iTETRIS: A modular simulation platform for the large scale evaluation of cooperative ITS applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cooperative ITS systems are expected to improve road traffic safety and efficiency, and provide infotainment services on the move, through the dynamic exchange of messages between vehicles, and between vehicles and infrastructure nodes. The complexity of cooperative ITS systems and the interrelation between its components requires their extensive testing before deployment. The lack of simulation platforms capable to test, with high modelling accuracy, cooperative ITS systems and applications in large scale scenarios triggered the implementation of the EU-funded iTETRIS simulation platform. iTETRIS is a unique open source simulation platform characterized by a modular architecture that allows integrating two widely adopted traffic and wireless simulators, while supporting the implementation of cooperative ITS applications in a language-agnostic fashion. This paper presents in detail the iTETRIS simulation platform, and describes its architecture, standard compliant implementation, operation and new functionalities. Finally, the paper demonstrates iTETRIS large scale cooperative ITS evaluation capabilities through the implementation and evaluation of cooperative traffic congestion detection and bus lane management applications. The detailed description and implemented examples provide valuable information on how to use and exploit iTETRIS simulation potential.

Michele Rondinone; Julen Maneros; Daniel Krajzewicz; Ramon Bauza; Pasquale Cataldi; Fatma Hrizi; Javier Gozalvez; Vineet Kumar; Matthias Röckl; Lan Lin; Oscar Lazaro; Jérémie Leguay; Jérôme Härri; Sendoa Vaz; Yoann Lopez; Miguel Sepulcre; Michelle Wetterwald; Robbin Blokpoel; Fabio Cartolano

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Large scale multi-class classification with truncated nuclear norm regularization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, we consider the problem of multi-class image classification when the classes behaviour has a low rank structure. That is, classes can be embedded into a low dimensional space. Traditional multi-class classification algorithms usually use nuclear norm to approximate the rank of the weight matrix. Considering the limited ability of the nuclear norm for the accurate approximation, we propose a new scalable large scale multi-class classification algorithm by using the recently proposed truncated nuclear norm as a better surrogate of the rank operator of matrices along with multinomial logisitic loss. To solve the non-convex and non-smooth optimization problem, we further develop an efficient iterative procedure. In each iteration, by lifting the non-smooth convex subproblem into an infinite dimensional ?1 norm regularized problem, a simple and efficient accelerated coordinate descent algorithm is applied to find the optimal solution. We conduct a series of evaluations on several public large scale image datasets, where the experimental results show the encouraging improvement of classification accuracy of the proposed algorithm in comparison with the state-of-the-art multi-class classification algorithms.

Yao Hu; Zhongming Jin; Yi Shi; Debing Zhang; Deng Cai; Xiaofei He

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Wastewater recycling in laundries—From pilot to large-scale plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new, innovative wastewater recycling process for industrial laundries has been developed through cooperation between Textil-Service Klingelmeyer (a medium-size laundry in Darmstadt, Germany) and the University of Applied Sciences in Karlsruhe, Germany. The project “Laundry Innovative Wastewater Recycling Technology—LIWATEC” was sponsored by the European Community in its LIFE-Environment programme. The purpose of the LIWATEC project was to design and start up a new, innovative, integrated process using membrane technology for wastewater reuse on a large scale in the Klingelmeyer laundry. The large scale plant was designed for wastewater treatment capacity of 200 m3/day. This integrated process has been successfully tested for 5 years in the form of two pilot plants at the laundry in Darmstadt and at the University of Karlsruhe (capacities: 10 m3/day and wastewater can be reused. Moreover, it is an easy-handling and cost-efficient wastewater recycling process that could be adapted to different types of laundries due to its modular structure.

Jan Hoinkis; Volker Panten

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Implications of diurnal and seasonal variations in renewable energy generation for large scale energy storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large scale implementation of solar and wind powered renewable electricity generation will use up to continent sized connected electricity grids built to distribute the locally fluctuating power. Systematic power output variation will then become manifest since solar power has an evident diurnal period but also surface winds—which are driven by surface temperatures—follow a diurnal periodic behavior lagging about 4 h in time. On an ordinary day a strong diurnal varying renewable electricity generation results when combining wind and solar power on such continent sized grid. Comparison with possible demand patterns indicates that coping with such systematically varying generation will require large scale renewable energy storage and conversion for timescales and storage capacities of at least up to half a day. Seasonal timescales for versatile high quality generally applicable energy conversion and storage are equally essential since the continent wide insolation varies a factor ?3 e.g. in Europe and Northern Africa together. A first order model for estimating required energy storage and conversion magnitudes is presented taking into account potential diurnal and seasonal energy demand and generation patterns. A few scalable energy storage methods are briefly indicated.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Performance Engineering: Understanding and Improving the Performance of Large-Scale Codes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of High Performance Computing Applications, vol.component of the high-performance computing world. This isJournal of High Performance Computing Applications, vol.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

The optical depth of the Universe to ultrahigh energy cosmic ray scattering in the magnetized large scale structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper provides an analytical description of the transport of ultrahigh energy cosmic rays in an inhomogeneously magnetized intergalactic medium. This latter is modeled as a collection of magnetized scattering centers such as radio cocoons, magnetized galactic winds, clusters or magnetized filaments of large scale structure, with negligible magnetic fields in between. Magnetic deflection is no longer a continuous process, it is rather dominated by scattering events. We study the interaction between high energy cosmic rays and the scattering agents. We then compute the optical depth of the Universe to cosmic ray scattering and discuss the phenomological consequences for various source scenarios. For typical parameters of the scattering centers, the optical depth is greater than unity at 5x10^{19}eV, but the total angular deflection is smaller than unity. One important consequence of this scenario is the possibility that the last scattering center encountered by a cosmic ray be mistaken with the source of this cosmic ray. In particular, we suggest that part of the correlation recently reported by the Pierre Auger Observatory may be affected by such delusion: this experiment may be observing in part the last scattering surface of ultrahigh energy cosmic rays rather than their source population. Since the optical depth falls rapidly with increasing energy, one should probe the arrival directions of the highest energy events beyond 10^{20}eV on an event by event basis to circumvent this effect.

Kumiko Kotera; Martin Lemoine

2008-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

436

Regional climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic array deployment Title Regional climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic array deployment Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Millstein, Dev, and Surabi Menon Journal Environmental Research Letters Volume 6 Start Page 1 Pagination 9 Date Published 07/2011 Keywords co2 offsets, cool roof, photovoltaics, radiative forcing, urban environment Abstract Modifications to the surface albedo through the deployment of cool roofs and pavements (reflective materials) and photovoltaic arrays (low reflection) have the potential to change radiative forcing, surface temperatures, and regional weather patterns. In this work we investigate the regional climate and radiative effects of modifying surface albedo to mimic massive deployment of cool surfaces (roofs and pavements) and, separately, photovoltaic arrays across the United States. We use a fully coupled regional climate model, the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, to investigate feedbacks between surface albedo changes, surface temperature, precipitation and average cloud cover. With the adoption of cool roofs and pavements, domain-wide annual average outgoing radiation increased by 0.16 ± 0.03 W m-2 (mean ± 95% C.I.) and afternoon summertime temperature in urban locations was reduced by 0.11-0.53 "C, although some urban areas showed no statistically significant temperature changes. In response to increased urban albedo, some rural locations showed summer afternoon temperature increases of up to +0.27 "C and these regions were correlated with less cloud cover and lower precipitation. The emissions offset obtained by this increase in outgoing radiation is calculated to be 3.3 ± 0.5 Gt CO2 (mean ± 95% C.I.). The hypothetical solar arrays were designed to be able to produce one terawatt of peak energy and were located in the Mojave Desert of California. To simulate the arrays, the desert surface albedo was darkened, causing local afternoon temperature increases of up to +0.4 "C. Due to the solar arrays, local and regional wind patterns within a 300 km radius were affected. Statistically significant but lower magnitude changes to temperature and radiation could be seen across the domain due to the introduction of the solar arrays. The addition of photovoltaic arrays caused no significant change to summertime outgoing radiation when averaged over the full domain, as interannual variation across the continent obscured more consistent local forcing.

437

Regional climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic array deployment Title Regional climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic array deployment Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Millstein, Dev, and Surabi Menon Journal Environmental Research Letters Volume 6 Start Page 1 Pagination 9 Date Published 07/2011 Keywords co2 offsets, cool roofs, photovoltaics, radiative forcing, urban environment Abstract Modifications to the surface albedo through the deployment of cool roofs and pavements (reflective materials) and photovoltaic arrays (low reflection) have the potential to change radiative forcing, surface temperatures, and regional weather patterns. In this work we investigate the regional climate and radiative effects of modifying surface albedo to mimic massive deployment of cool surfaces (roofs and pavements) and, separately, photovoltaic arrays across the United States. We use a fully coupled regional climate model, the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, to investigate feedbacks between surface albedo changes, surface temperature, precipitation and average cloud cover. With the adoption of cool roofs and pavements, domain-wide annual average outgoing radiation increased by 0.16 ± 0.03 W m-2 (mean ± 95% C.I.) and afternoon summertime temperature in urban locations was reduced by 0.11-0.53 "C, although some urban areas showed no statistically significant temperature changes. In response to increased urban albedo, some rural locations showed summer afternoon temperature increases of up to +0.27 "C and these regions were correlated with less cloud cover and lower precipitation. The emissions offset obtained by this increase in outgoing radiation is calculated to be 3.3 ± 0.5 Gt CO2 (mean ± 95% C.I.). The hypothetical solar arrays were designed to be able to produce one terawatt of peak energy and were located in the Mojave Desert of California. To simulate the arrays, the desert surface albedo was darkened, causing local afternoon temperature increases of up to +0.4 "C. Due to the solar arrays, local and regional wind patterns within a 300 km radius were affected. Statistically significant but lower magnitude changes to temperature and radiation could be seen across the domain due to the introduction of the solar arrays. The addition of photovoltaic arrays caused no significant change to summertime outgoing radiation when averaged over the full domain, as interannual variation across the continent obscured more consistent local forcing.

438

Re-evaluation of the 1995 Hanford Large Scale Drum Fire Test Results  

SciTech Connect

A large-scale drum performance test was conducted at the Hanford Site in June 1995, in which over one hundred (100) 55-gal drums in each of two storage configurations were subjected to severe fuel pool fires. The two storage configurations in the test were pallet storage and rack storage. The description and results of the large-scale drum test at the Hanford Site were reported in WHC-SD-WM-TRP-246, ''Solid Waste Drum Array Fire Performance,'' Rev. 0, 1995. This was one of the main references used to develop the analytical methodology to predict drum failures in WHC-SD-SQA-ANAL-501, 'Fire Protection Guide for Waste Drum Storage Array,'' September 1996. Three drum failure modes were observed from the test reported in WHC-SD-WM-TRP-246. They consisted of seal failure, lid warping, and catastrophic lid ejection. There was no discernible failure criterion that distinguished one failure mode from another. Hence, all three failure modes were treated equally for the purpose of determining the number of failed drums. General observations from the results of the test are as follows: {lg_bullet} Trash expulsion was negligible. {lg_bullet} Flame impingement was identified as the main cause for failure. {lg_bullet} The range of drum temperatures at failure was 600 C to 800 C. This is above the yield strength temperature for steel, approximately 540 C (1,000 F). {lg_bullet} The critical heat flux required for failure is above 45 kW/m{sup 2}. {lg_bullet} Fire propagation from one drum to the next was not observed. The statistical evaluation of the test results using, for example, the student's t-distribution, will demonstrate that the failure criteria for TRU waste drums currently employed at nuclear facilities are very conservative relative to the large-scale test results. Hence, the safety analysis utilizing the general criteria described in the five bullets above will lead to a technically robust and defensible product that bounds the potential consequences from postulated fires in TRU waste facilities, the means of storage in which are the Type A, 55-gal drums.

Yang, J M

2007-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

439

Does the ECMWF IFS convection parameterisation with stochastic physics correctly reproduce relationships between convection and the large-scale state?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Important questions concerning parameterisation of tropical convection are how should sub-grid scale variability be represented, and which large-scale variables should be used in the parameterisations? Here we compare the statistics of ...

Peter A. G. Watson; H. M. Christensen; T. N. Palmer

440

Survey of Climate Conditions for Demonstration of a Large Scale of Solar Energy Heating in Xi'an  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-scale solar energy heating applications in urban residential buildings. In this paper, Xi'an's geographical situation and climate conditions are fully analyzed. The survey on solar energy resources, and the feasibility of solar energy heating on a large scale...

Li, A.; Liu, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The Role of the state in large-scale hydropower development perspectives from Chile, Ecuador, and Perú  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, governments in South America have turned to large-scale hydropower as a cost-effective way to improve livelihoods while addressing the energy 'trilemma': ensuring that future energy technologies provide ...

Zambrano-Barragán, Patricio Xavier

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

A Concept of Large-Scale Artificial Ridges Using a New Hardened Product Made from Coal Ash  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This report describes one concept for developing a new type of fishing ground. The idea is to form a large-scale artificial ridge on the bottom of the sea, using coal ash which is produced in large quantities by

T. Suzuki

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

A Large-Scale Test of Free-Energy Simulation Estimates of Protein–Ligand Binding Affinities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have performed a large-scale test of alchemical perturbation calculations with the Bennett acceptance-ratio (BAR) approach to estimate relative affinities for the binding of 107 ligands to 10 different proteins. Employing 20-Å truncated spherical ...

Paulius Mikulskis; Samuel Genheden; Ulf Ryde

2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

444

Model As-of Right Zoning Ordinance or Bylaw: Allowing Use of Large-Scale Solar Energy Facilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Note: This model ordinance was designed to provide guidance to local governments seeking to develop siting rules for large-scale, ground-mounted solar (250 kW and above). While it was developed as...

445

Application and Mode Establishment of Asset-backed Securitization in Existing Large-scale Public Building Retrofit Financing in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistical data for 2005 show that electrical consumption of large-scale public buildings occupying 5 percent of total residential construction area equals 50 percent of the total residential electrical consumption in Beijing. It is necessary...

Sun, J.; Wu, Y.; Dai, Z.; Hao, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Large scale production of carbon nanotube arrays on the sphere surface from liquefied petroleum gas at low cost  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), a cheap industrial material, ... and good mobility, leading to the mass production of CNT arrays continuously. The arrays obtained ... easily be produced on large scale at low cost.

Qiang Zhang; JiaQi Huang; Fei Wei; GuangHui Xu; Yao Wang…

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Generation of acoustic-gravity waves in ionospheric HF heating experiments : simulating large-scale natural heat sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we investigate the potential role played by large-scale anomalous heat sources (e.g. prolonged heat wave events) in generating acoustic-gravity waves (AGWs) that might trigger widespread plasma turbulence ...

Pradipta, Rezy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

The Technical and Economical Analysis on the Application of FGC in Large Scale Coal-fired Units  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we describe that large scale coal-fired units are designed basing on the working condition of burning several coals because of the internal coal resources status in China at present. It differs a...

Liu Quanhui; Chen Xin; Chen Wenrui

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Protein Engineering vol.8 no. 11 pp.1177-1187, 1995 Large-scale expression, purification and characterization of small  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Protein Engineering vol.8 no. 11 pp.1177-1187, 1995 Large-scale expression, purification and characterization of small fragments of thrombomodulin: the roles of the sixth domain and of methionine 388

Komives, Elizabeth A.

450

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Nitrogen-Oxygen Battery for Large Scale Energy Storage - Frank Delnick, SNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

US DOE Energy Storage Systems Research Program US DOE Energy Storage Systems Research Program Peer Review, Washington, DC Sept. 26-28, 2012 Frank Delnick, David Ingersoll, Karen Waldrip, Peter Feibelman Nitrogen/Oxygen Battery A Transformational Architecture for Large Scale Energy Storage Power Sources Technology Group Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, NM SAND2012-7881P N 2 /O 2 Battery Project Overview  Air/Air battery.  N 2 electrochemistry enables the redefinition of a gas (diffusion) electrode and the three phase interface.  Operated as redox flow battery.  Provide a very high energy density, very low cost, environmentally benign electrochemical platform for load leveling and for grid-integrated storage of energy generated by wind, solar and other sustainable but intermittent sources.

451

A review of large-scale LNG spills : experiment and modeling.  

SciTech Connect

The prediction of the possible hazards associated with the storage and transportation of liquefied natural gas (LNG) by ship has motivated a substantial number of experimental and analytical studies. This paper reviews the experimental and analytical work performed to date on large-scale spills of LNG. Specifically, experiments on the dispersion of LNG, as well as experiments of LNG fires from spills on water and land are reviewed. Explosion, pool boiling, and rapid phase transition (RPT) explosion studies are described and discussed, as well as models used to predict dispersion and thermal hazard distances. Although there have been significant advances in understanding the behavior of LNG spills, technical knowledge gaps to improve hazard prediction are identified. Some of these gaps can be addressed with current modeling and testing capabilities. A discussion of the state of knowledge and recommendations to further improve the understanding of the behavior of LNG spills on water is provided.

Luketa-Hanlin, Anay Josephine

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

The Origin of Large-scale HI structures in the Magellanic Bridge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the formation of a number of key large-scale HI features in the ISM of the Magellanic Bridge using dissipationless numerical simulation techniques. This study comprises the first direct comparison between detailed HI maps of the Bridge and numerical simulations. We confirm that the SMC forms two tidal filaments: a near arm, which forms the connection between the SMC and LMC, and a counterarm. We show that the HI of the most dense part of the Bridge can become arranged into a bimodal configuration, and that the formation of a "loop" of HI, located off the North-Eastern edge of the SMC can be reproduced simply as a projection of the counter-arm, and without invoking localised energy-deposition processes such as SNe or stellar winds.

E. Muller; K. Bekki

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

453

Diagnosing indicators of large-scale forcing of east-coast cyclogenesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Extra-tropical cyclones that develop near the east coast of Australia often have severe consequences such as flash flooding and damaging winds and seas, as well as beneficial consequences such as being responsible for heavy rainfall events that contribute significantly to total rainfall and runoff. There is subjective evidence that the development of most major events, commonly known as East Coast Lows, is associated with the movement of a high amplitude upper-tropospheric trough system over eastern Australia. This paper examines a number of upper-tropospheric diagnostic quantities that might provide a basis for preparing a climatology of the large-scale drivers of east-coast cyclogenesis. A preliminary climatology of these diagnostic quantities, based on ECMWF interim reanalyses, is compared with a database of observed East Coast Low events. The potential application of these diagnostics to global climate model simulations of past and future climates is also discussed.

Andrew J Dowdy; Graham A Mills; Bertrand Timbal

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

The impact of large-scale distributed generation on power grid and microgrids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract With the widespread application of distributed generation (DG), their utilization rate is increasingly higher and higher in the power system. This paper analyzes the static and transient impact of large-scale \\{DGs\\} integrated with the distribution network load models on the power grid. Studies of static voltage stability based on continuous power flow method have shown that a reasonable choice of DG's power grid position will help to improve the stability of the system. The transient simulation results show that these induction motors in the distribution network would make effect on the start-up and fault conditions, which may cause the instability of \\{DGs\\} and grid. The simulation results show that modeling of distributed generations and loads can help in-depth study of the microgrid stability and protection design.

Qian Ai; Xiaohong Wang; Xing He

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Vulnerability of the large-scale future smart electric power grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The changing power flow pattern of the power system, with inclusion of large-scale renewable energy sources in the distribution side of the network, has been modeled by complex network framework based bidirectional graph. The bidirectional graph accommodates the reverse power flowing back from the distribution side to the grid in the model as a reverse edge connecting two nodes. The capacity of the reverse edge is equal to the capacity of the existing edge between the nodes in the forward directional nominal graph. Increased path in the combined model, built to facilitate grid reliability and efficiency, may serve as a bottleneck in practice with removal of certain percentage of nodes or edges. The effect of removal of critical elements has been analyzed in terms of increased path length, connectivity loss, load loss, and number of overloaded lines.

A.B.M. Nasiruzzaman; H.R. Pota; Most. Nahida Akter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

NGC 2207/IC 2163: A GRAZING ENCOUNTER WITH LARGE-SCALE SHOCKS  

SciTech Connect

Radio continuum, Spitzer infrared, optical, and XMM-Newton X-ray and ultraviolet observations (UVW1 and UVM2) are used to study large-scale shock fronts, young star complexes, and the galactic nuclei in the interacting galaxies NGC 2207/IC 2163. There are two types of large-scale shock fronts in this galaxy pair. The large-scale shock front along the rim of the ocular oval in IC 2163 has produced vigorous star formation in a dusty environment, bright in the Spitzer 8 {mu}m and 24 {mu}m images. In the outer part of the companion side of NGC 2207, a large-scale front attributed to halo scraping is particularly bright in the {lambda}6 cm and {lambda}20 cm radio continuum but not in any tracers of recent star formation (H{alpha}, 8 {mu}m, 24 {mu}m, or ultraviolet emission) or in X-rays. This radio-continuum front may be from compression of the halo magnetic field on the back side of NGC 2207, between the two galaxies. The X-ray emission sets an upper limit to the gas density in the halo. Values of the flux density ratio S{sub {nu}}(8 {mu}m)/S{sub {nu}}(6 cm) of prominent, kiloparsec-size, Spitzer/IRAC star-forming clumps in NGC 2207/IC 2163 are compared with those of giant radio H II regions in M81. For the bright clumps in NGC 2207, the mean value of this ratio is the same as for the M81 H II regions, whereas for the bright clumps on the rim of the IC 2163 ocular oval, the mean value is nearly a factor of two greater. Possible explanations for this are discussed. The galaxy pair has global values of the ratios of infrared-to-radio continuum flux density in the Spitzer 8 {mu}m, 24 {mu}m, and 70 {mu}m bands, and the IRAS FIR significantly below the medians/means for large samples of galaxies. Feature i, a mini-starburst on an outer arm of NGC 2207 on its anti-companion side, is the most luminous 8 {mu}m, 24 {mu}m, 70 {mu}m, radio continuum, and H{alpha} source in the galaxy pair. We find evidence that a radio supernova was present in the core of feature i in 2001. X-ray emission is detected from the nucleus of NGC 2207 and from nine discrete sources whose X-ray luminosities make them possible candidates for Ultraluminous X-ray sources. One of these corresponds with the Type Ib SN 1999ec, which is also bright in the ultraviolet, and another may be a radio supernova or a background quasar. The X-ray luminosity of the NGC 2207 nucleus is log L{sub 0.3-10.0keV} = 40.6 erg s{sup -1}, which, together with its X-ray spectrum, suggests that this is a highly absorbed, low-luminosity, active galactic nucleus.

Kaufman, Michele [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, 191 West Woodruff Ave, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Grupe, Dirk [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Elmegreen, Bruce G. [IBM Research Division, T. J. Watson Research Center, P.O. Box 218, Yorktown Heights, NY 10598 (United States); Elmegreen, Debra M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vassar College, 124 Raymond Ave., Poughkeepsie, NY 12604 (United States); Struck, Curtis [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Brinks, Elias, E-mail: rallis.1@osu.edu, E-mail: dxg35@psu.edu, E-mail: bge@us.ibm.com, E-mail: elmegreen@vassar.edu, E-mail: curt@iastate.edu, E-mail: E.Brinks@herts.ac.uk [Centre for Astrophysics Research, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield AL10 9AB (United Kingdom)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Molecular Dynamics Simulations from SNL's Large-scale Atomic/Molecular Massively Parallel Simulator (LAMMPS)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

LAMMPS (http://lammps.sandia.gov/index.html) stands for Large-scale Atomic/Molecular Massively Parallel Simulator and is a code that can be used to model atoms or, as the LAMMPS website says, as a parallel particle simulator at the atomic, meso, or continuum scale. This Sandia-based website provides a long list of animations from large simulations. These were created using different visualization packages to read LAMMPS output, and each one provides the name of the PI and a brief description of the work done or visualization package used. See also the static images produced from simulations at http://lammps.sandia.gov/pictures.html The foundation paper for LAMMPS is: S. Plimpton, Fast Parallel Algorithms for Short-Range Molecular Dynamics, J Comp Phys, 117, 1-19 (1995), but the website also lists other papers describing contributions to LAMMPS over the years.

Plimpton, Steve; Thompson, Aidan; Crozier, Paul

458

Detection of the effect of cosmological large-scale structure on the orientation of galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Galaxies are not distributed randomly throughout space but are instead arranged in an intricate "cosmic web" of filaments and walls surrounding bubble-like voids. There is still no compelling observational evidence of a link between the structure of the cosmic web and how galaxies form within it. However, such a connection is expected on the basis of our understanding of the origin of galaxy angular momentum: disk galaxies should be highly inclined relative to the plane defined by the large-scale structure surrounding them. Using the two largest galaxy redshift surveys currently in existence (2dFGRS and SDSS) we show at the 99.7% confident level that these alignments do indeed exist: spiral galaxies located on the shells of the largest cosmic voids have rotation axes that lie preferentially on the void surface.

Ignacio Trujillo; Conrado Carretero; Santiago G. Patiri

2005-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

459

The Universe on Very Large Scales: A View from the Las Campanas Redshift Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Las Campanas Redshift Survey (LCRS) is among the first galaxy redshift surveys to sample a reasonably fair volume of the local Universe. On the largest scales (>> 100/h Mpc), the galaxy distribution appears smooth; on relatively small scales (<10/h Mpc), the LCRS tends to confirm the clustering characteristics observed in previous, shallower surveys. Here, however, we concern ourselves primarily with clustering on scales near the transition to homogeneity (50-200/h Mpc). We conclude that the general evidence tends to support enhanced clustering on ~ 100/h Mpc scales, but that this result should be confirmed with additional analyses of the LCRS dataset (especially 2D analyses) and with investigations of new and upcoming large-scale surveys covering different regions and/or having different selection effects.

D. L. Tucker; H. Lin; S. Shectman

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Infrared spectroscopy of large scale single layer graphene on self assembled organic monolayer  

SciTech Connect

We study the effect of self-assembled monolayer (SAM) organic molecule substrate on large scale single layer graphene using infrared transmission measurement on Graphene/SAM/SiO{sub 2}/Si composite samples. From the Drude weight of the chemically inert CH{sub 3}-SAM, the electron-donating NH{sub 2}-SAM, and the SAM-less graphene, we determine the carrier density doped into graphene by the three sources—the SiO{sub 2} substrate, the gas-adsorption, and the functional group of the SAM's—separately. The SAM-treatment leads to the low carrier density N???4?×?10{sup 11}?cm{sup ?2} by blocking the dominant SiO{sub 2}- driven doping. The carrier scattering increases by the SAM-treatment rather than decreases. However, the transport mobility is nevertheless improved due to the reduced carrier doping.

Woo Kim, Nak; Youn Kim, Joo; Lee, Chul; Choi, E. J., E-mail: echoi@uos.ac.kr [Department of Physics, University of Seoul, Seoul 130-743 (Korea, Republic of); Jin Kim, Sang; Hee Hong, Byung [Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Impacts of tropical deforestation. Part II: The role of large-scale dynamics  

SciTech Connect

This is the second in a pair of papers in which the possible impacts of tropical deforestation are examined using a version of the NCAR CCM1. The emphasis in this paper is on the influence of tropical deforestation on the large-scale climate system. This influence is explored through the examination of the regional moisture budget and through an analysis of the Hadley and Walker circulations. Modification of the model surface parameters to simulate tropical deforestation produces significant modifications of both Hadley and Walker circulations, which result in changes distant from the region of deforestation. A mechanism for propagation to middle and high latitudes of disturbances arising form tropical deforestation is proposed based on Rossby wave propagation mechanisms. These mechanisms, which have also been associated with the extratropical influences of ENSO events, provide a pathway for the dispersion of the tropical disturbances to high latitudes. 27 refs., 20 figs., 1 tab.

Zhang, H.; Henderson-Sellers, A. [Macquarie Univ., Sydney (Australia)] [Macquarie Univ., Sydney (Australia); McGuffie, K. [Univ. of Technology, Sydney (Australia)] [Univ. of Technology, Sydney (Australia)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Large Scale Structure in the Local Universe: The 2MASS Galaxy Catalog  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using twin ground-based telescopes, the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) scanned both equatorial hemi- spheres, detecting more than 500 million stars and resolving more than 1.5 million galaxies in the near-infrared (1 - 2.2 microns) bands. The Extended Source "Galaxy" Catalog (XSC) embodies both photometric and astrometric whole sky uniformity, revealing large scale structures in the local Universe and extending our view into the Milky Way's dust-obscured "Zone of Avoidance." The XSC represents a uniquely unbiased sample of "normal" galaxies, particularly sensitive to the underlying, dominant, stellar mass component of galaxies. The basic properties of the XSC, including photometric sensitivity, source counts, and spatial distribution are presented here. We illustrate the spatial clustering properties, ranging from interacting galaxies to groups and clusters, and finally to the largest "cosmic web" of superclusters spanning the sky.

Thomas Jarrett

2004-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

463

Research on Optimal Operation Method of Large Scale Urban Water Distribution System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In consideration of using fewer decision variables in building least cost pumping operation optimal, the two-phase optimal method is used as the frame. By abstracting pump stations into high level reservoirs, the water distribution system hydraulic model can be modified into a modality, which can be used in first optimal phase of two-phase optimal method. And by building on feasible pump combination database, a new optimal method in the second optimal phase will be proposed. And the proposed new method in the second optimal phase will be embedded into the first optimal phase, so that the problem of results discordant in different phases of two-phase optimal method will be solved. By introducing new concept and improving present optimal method, a more practical optimal operation method of water distribution system (WDS) will be established. By applying to a large scale water distribution system, the practicability of proposed method has been evaluated.

X. Jin; W. Wu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Constraints on ionising photon production from the large-scale Lyman-alpha forest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent work has shown that the z~2.5 Lyman-alpha forest on large scales encodes information about the galaxy and quasar populations that keep the intergalactic medium photoionized. We present the first forecasts for constraining the populations with data from current and next-generation surveys. At a minimum the forest should tell us whether galaxies or, conversely, quasars dominate the photon production. The number density and clustering strength of the ionising sources might be estimated to sub-10% precision with a DESI-like survey if degeneracies (e.g., with the photon mean-free-path, small-scale clustering power normalization and potentially other astrophysical effects) can be broken by prior information. We demonstrate that, when inhomogeneous ionisation is correctly handled, constraints on dark energy do not degrade.

Pontzen, Andrew; Peiris, Hiranya; Verde, Licia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Large Scale Structures a Gradient Lines: the case of the Trkal Flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A specific asymptotic expansion at large Reynolds numbers (R)for the long wavelength perturbation of a non stationary anisotropic helical solution of the force less Navier-Stokes equations (Trkal solutions) is effectively constructed of the Beltrami type terms through multi scaling analysis. The asymptotic procedure is proved to be valid for one specific value of the scaling parameter,namely for the square root of the Reynolds number (R).As a result large scale structures arise as gradient lines of the energy determined by the initial conditions for two anisotropic Beltrami flows of the same helicity.The same intitial conditions determine the boundaries of the vortex-velocity tubes, containing both streamlines and vortex lines

Libin, Alexander S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Large Scale Structures a Gradient Lines: the case of the Trkal Flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A specific asymptotic expansion at large Reynolds numbers (R)for the long wavelength perturbation of a non stationary anisotropic helical solution of the force less Navier-Stokes equations (Trkal solutions) is effectively constructed of the Beltrami type terms through multi scaling analysis. The asymptotic procedure is proved to be valid for one specific value of the scaling parameter,namely for the square root of the Reynolds number (R).As a result large scale structures arise as gradient lines of the energy determined by the initial conditions for two anisotropic Beltrami flows of the same helicity.The same intitial conditions determine the boundaries of the vortex-velocity tubes, containing both streamlines and vortex lines

Alexander S. Libin

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

467

Large-scale dynamic compaction demonstration using WIPP salt: Fielding and preliminary results  

SciTech Connect

Reconsolidation of crushed rock salt is a phenomenon of great interest to programs studying isolation of hazardous materials in natural salt geologic settings. Of particular interest is the potential for disaggregated salt to be restored to nearly an impermeable state. For example, reconsolidated crushed salt is proposed as a major shaft seal component for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Project. The concept for a permanent shaft seal component of the WIPP repository is to densely compact crushed salt in the four shafts; an effective seal will then be developed as the surrounding salt creeps into the shafts, further consolidating the crushed salt. Fundamental information on placement density and permeability is required to ensure attainment of the design function. The work reported here is the first large-scale compaction demonstration to provide information on initial salt properties applicable to design, construction, and performance expectations. The shaft seals must function for 10,000 years. Over this period a crushed salt mass will become less permeable as it is compressed by creep closure of salt surrounding the shaft. These facts preclude the possibility of conducting a full-scale, real-time field test. Because permanent seals taking advantage of salt reconsolidation have never been constructed, performance measurements have not been made on an appropriately large scale. An understanding of potential construction methods, achievable initial density and permeability, and performance of reconsolidated salt over time is required for seal design and performance assessment. This report discusses fielding and operations of a nearly full-scale dynamic compaction of mine-run WIPP salt, and presents preliminary density and in situ (in place) gas permeability results.

Ahrens, E.H.; Hansen, F.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Nuclear Waste Technology Repository Isolation Systems

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Calculation of large scale relative permeabilities from stochastic properties of the permeability field and fluid properties  

SciTech Connect

The paper describes the method and presents preliminary results for the calculation of homogenized relative permeabilities using stochastic properties of the permeability field. In heterogeneous media, the spreading of an injected fluid is mainly sue to the permeability heterogeneity and viscosity fingering. At large scale, when the heterogeneous medium is replaced by a homogeneous one, we need to introduce a homogenized (or pseudo) relative permeability to obtain the same spreading. Generally, is derived by using fine-grid numerical simulations (Kyte and Berry). However, this operation is time consuming and cannot be performed for all the meshes of the reservoir. We propose an alternate method which uses the information given by the stochastic properties of the field without any numerical simulation. The method is based on recent developments on homogenized transport equations (the {open_quotes}MHD{close_quotes} equation, Lenormand SPE 30797). The MHD equation accounts for the three basic mechanisms of spreading of the injected fluid: (1) Dispersive spreading due to small scale randomness, characterized by a macrodispersion coefficient D. (2) Convective spreading due to large scale heterogeneities (layers) characterized by a heterogeneity factor H. (3) Viscous fingering characterized by an apparent viscosity ration M. In the paper, we first derive the parameters D and H as functions of variance and correlation length of the permeability field. The results are shown to be in good agreement with fine-grid simulations. The are then derived a function of D, H and M. The main result is that this approach lead to a time dependent . Finally, the calculated are compared to the values derived by history matching using fine-grid numerical simulations.

Lenormand, R.; Thiele, M.R. [Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil Malmaison (France)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Environmental Impacts From the Installation and Operation of Large-scale Solar Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

Large-scale solar power plants are being developed at a rapid rate, and are setting up to use thousands or millions of acres of land globally. The environmental issues related to the installation and operation phases of such facilities have not, so far, been addressed comprehensively in the literature. Here we identify and appraise 32 impacts from these phases, under the themes of land use intensity, human health and well-being, plant and animal life, geohydrological resources, and climate change. Our appraisals assume that electricity generated by new solar power facilities will displace electricity from traditional U.S. generation technologies. Altogether we find 22 of the considered 32 impacts to be beneficial. Of the remaining 10 impacts, 4 are neutral, and 6 require further research before they can be appraised. None of the impacts are negative relative to traditional power generation. We rank the impacts in terms of priority, and find all the high-priority impacts to be beneficial. In quantitative terms, large-scale solar power plants occupy the same or less land per kW h than coal power plant life cycles. Removal of forests to make space for solar power causes CO{sub 2} emissions as high as 36 g CO{sub 2} kW h{sup -1}, which is a significant contribution to the life cycle CO{sub 2} emissions of solar power, but is still low compared to CO{sub 2} emissions from coal-based electricity that are about 1100 g CO{sub 2} kW h{sup -1}.

Fthenakis, V.; Turney, Damon

2011-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

470

Large Scale Laser Two-Photon Polymerization Structuring for Fabrication of Artificial Polymeric Scaffolds for Regenerative Medicine  

SciTech Connect

We present a femtosecond Laser Two-Photon Polymerization (LTPP) system of large scale three-dimensional structuring for applications in tissue engineering. The direct laser writing system enables fabrication of artificial polymeric scaffolds over a large area (up to cm in lateral size) with sub-micrometer resolution which could find practical applications in biomedicine and surgery. Yb:KGW femtosecond laser oscillator (Pharos, Light Conversion. Co. Ltd.) is used as an irradiation source (75 fs, 515 nm (frequency doubled), 80 MHz). The sample is mounted on wide range linear motor driven stages having 10 nm sample positioning resolution (XY--ALS130-100, Z--ALS130-50, Aerotech, Inc.). These stages guarantee an overall travelling range of 100 mm into X and Y directions and 50 mm in Z direction and support the linear scanning speed up to 300 mm/s. By moving the sample three-dimensionally the position of laser focus in the photopolymer is changed and one is able to write complex 3D (three-dimensional) structures. An illumination system and CMOS camera enables online process monitoring. Control of all equipment is automated via custom made computer software ''3D-Poli'' specially designed for LTPP applications. Structures can be imported from computer aided design STereoLihography (stl) files or programmed directly. It can be used for rapid LTPP structuring in various photopolymers (SZ2080, AKRE19, PEG-DA-258) which are known to be suitable for bio-applications. Microstructured scaffolds can be produced on different substrates like glass, plastic and metal. In this paper, we present microfabricated polymeric scaffolds over a large area and growing of adult rabbit myogenic stem cells on them. Obtained results show the polymeric scaffolds to be applicable for cell growth practice. It exhibit potential to use it for artificial pericardium in the experimental model in the future.

Malinauskas, M.; Purlys, V.; Zukauskas, A.; Rutkauskas, M.; Danilevicius, P.; Paipulas, D.; Bickauskaite, G.; Gadonas, R.; Piskarskas, A. [Vilnius University, Physics Faculty, Department of Quantum Electronics, Laser Research Center, Sauletekio ave. 10, LT-10223 Vilnius (Lithuania); Bukelskis, L.; Baltriukiene, D.; Bukelskiene, V. [Institute of Biochemistry, Vivarium, Mokslininkuo str. 12, LT-08662 Vilnius (Lithuania); Sirmenis, R. [Vilnius University Hospital Santariskiuo Klinikos, Santariskiuo g. 2, LT-08661 Vilnius (Lithuania); Gaidukeviciute, A. [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas, Vassilika Vouton, 711 10 Heraklion, Crete (Greece); Sirvydis, V. [Vilnius University, Faculty of Medicine, Heart Surgery Center, Santariskiuo 2, LT-08661, Vilnius (Lithuania)

2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

471

Large-Scale Analysis of Thermostable, Mammalian Proteins Provides Insights into the Intrinsically Disordered Proteome  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

LC-MS/MS analyses were carried out using a Finnigan LTQ linear ion trap mass spectrometer (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc., Waltham, MA) in line with a nanoAcquity ultra performance LC system (Waters Corporation, Milford, MA). ...

Charles A. Galea; Anthony A. High; John C. Obenauer; Ashutosh Mishra; Cheon-Gil Park; Marco Punta; Avner Schlessinger; Jing Ma; Burkhard Rost; Clive A. Slaughter; Richard W. Kriwacki

2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

472

Introduction to Scientific Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

quotes >>> s = "hello world" >>> print s hello world # single quotes also work >>> s = `hello world' >>> print s hello world >>> s = "12345" >>> len(s) 5 CREATING STRINGS # concatenating two strings >>> "hello " + "world" `hello world' # repeating a string >>> "hello " * 3 `hello hello hello ' STRING OPERATIONS STRING

Haule, Kristjan

473

Traces of large-scale dynamo action in the kinematic stage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......National Supercomputer Centers in Linkoping, the High Performance Computing Center North in Umea, and the Nordic High Performance Computing Center in Reykjavik. REFERENCES Bhat P......

Kandaswamy Subramanian; Axel Brandenburg

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Unified Performance and Power Modeling of Scientific Workloads  

SciTech Connect

It is expected that scientific applications executing on future large-scale HPC must be optimized not only in terms of performance, but also in terms of power consumption. As power and energy become increasingly constrained resources, researchers and developers must have access to tools that will allow for accurate prediction of both performance and power consumption. Reasoning about performance and power consumption in concert will be critical for achieving maximum utilization of limited resources on future HPC systems. To this end, we present a unified performance and power model for the Nek-Bone mini-application developed as part of the DOE's CESAR Exascale Co-Design Center. Our models consider the impact of computation, point-to-point communication, and collective communication

Song, Shuaiwen; Barker, Kevin J.; Kerbyson, Darren J.

2013-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

475

Online Allocation of Splitable Clients to Multiple Servers on Large Scale Heterogeneous Platforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, platforms like BOINC [1] or Folding@home [17] uses volunteers machines to perform hard computations

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

476

Proceedings of the 2009 Industrial Engineering Research Conference A Meta Forecasting Methodology for Large Scale Inventory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(demand attribute vector) of the SKU (stock keeping unit) are computed. Second, the corresponding demand

Rossetti, Manuel D.

477

Impact of Large Scale Energy Efficiency Programs On Consumer Tariffs and Utility Finances in India  

SciTech Connect

Large-scale EE programs would modestly increase tariffs but reduce consumers' electricity bills significantly. However, the primary benefit of EE programs is a significant reduction in power shortages, which might make these programs politically acceptable even if tariffs increase. To increase political support, utilities could pursue programs that would result in minimal tariff increases. This can be achieved in four ways: (a) focus only on low-cost programs (such as replacing electric water heaters with gas water heaters); (b) sell power conserved through the EE program to the market at a price higher than the cost of peak power purchase; (c) focus on programs where a partial utility subsidy of incremental capital cost might work and (d) increase the number of participant consumers by offering a basket of EE programs to fit all consumer subcategories and tariff tiers. Large scale EE programs can result in consistently negative cash flows and significantly erode the utility's overall profitability. In case the utility is facing shortages, the cash flow is very sensitive to the marginal tariff of the unmet demand. This will have an important bearing on the choice of EE programs in Indian states where low-paying rural and agricultural consumers form the majority of the unmet demand. These findings clearly call for a flexible, sustainable solution to the cash-flow management issue. One option is to include a mechanism like FAC in the utility incentive mechanism. Another sustainable solution might be to have the net program cost and revenue loss built into utility's revenue requirement and thus into consumer tariffs up front. However, the latter approach requires institutionalization of EE as a resource. The utility incentive mechanisms would be able to address the utility disincentive of forgone long-run return but have a minor impact on consumer benefits. Fundamentally, providing incentives for EE programs to make them comparable to supply-side investments is a way of moving the electricity sector toward a model focused on providing energy services rather than providing electricity.

Abhyankar, Nikit; Phadke, Amol

2011-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

478

Plasma turbulence driven by transversely large-scale standing shear Alfven waves  

SciTech Connect

Using two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations, we study generation of turbulence consisting of transversely small-scale dispersive Alfven and electrostatic waves when plasma is driven by a large-scale standing shear Alfven wave (LS-SAW). The standing wave is set up by reflecting a propagating LS-SAW. The ponderomotive force of the standing wave generates transversely large-scale density modifications consisting of density cavities and enhancements. The drifts of the charged particles driven by the ponderomotive force and those directly caused by the fields of the standing LS-SAW generate non-thermal features in the plasma. Parametric instabilities driven by the inherent plasma nonlinearities associated with the LS-SAW in combination with the non-thermal features generate small-scale electromagnetic and electrostatic waves, yielding a broad frequency spectrum ranging from below the source frequency of the LS-SAW to ion cyclotron and lower hybrid frequencies and beyond. The power spectrum of the turbulence has peaks at distinct perpendicular wave numbers (k{sub Up-Tack }) lying in the range d{sub e}{sup -1}-6d{sub e}{sup -1}, d{sub e} being the electron inertial length, suggesting non-local parametric decay from small to large k{sub Up-Tack }. The turbulence spectrum encompassing both electromagnetic and electrostatic fluctuations is also broadband in parallel wave number (k{sub ||}). In a standing-wave supported density cavity, the ratio of the perpendicular electric to magnetic field amplitude is R(k{sub Up-Tack }) = |E{sub Up-Tack }(k{sub Up-Tack })/|B{sub Up-Tack }(k{sub Up-Tack })| Much-Less-Than V{sub A} for k{sub Up-Tack }d{sub e} < 0.5, where V{sub A} is the Alfven velocity. The characteristic features of the broadband plasma turbulence are compared with those available from satellite observations in space plasmas.

Singh, Nagendra; Rao, Sathyanarayan [Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alabama, Huntsville, Alabama 35899 (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

479

Spatially Resolved Gas Kinematics within a Ly$\\alpha$ Nebula: Evidence for Large-scale Rotation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use spatially extended measurements of Ly$\\alpha$ as well as less optically thick emission lines from an $\\approx$80 kpc Ly$\\alpha$ nebula at $z\\approx1.67$ to assess the role of resonant scattering and to disentangle kinematic signatures from Ly$\\alpha$ radiative transfer effects. We find that the Ly$\\alpha$, CIV, HeII, and CIII] emission lines all tell a similar story in this system, and that the kinematics are broadly consistent with large-scale rotation. First, the observed surface brightness profiles are similar in extent in all four lines, strongly favoring a picture in which the Ly$\\alpha$ photons are produced in situ instead of being resonantly scattered from a central source. Second, we see low kinematic offsets between Ly$\\alpha$ and the less optically thick HeII line ($\\sim$100-200 km s$^{-1}$), providing further support for the argument that the Ly$\\alpha$ and other emission lines are all being produced within the spatially extended gas. Finally, the full velocity field of the system shows cohe...

Prescott, Moire K M; Dey, Arjun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Galaxy evolution and large-scale structure in the far-infrared. I. IRAS pointed observations  

SciTech Connect

Redshifts for 66 galaxies were obtained from a sample of 93 60-micron sources detected serendipitously in 22 IRAS deep pointed observations, covering a total area of 18.4 sq deg. The flux density limit of this survey is 150 mJy, 4 times fainter than the IRAS Point Source Catalog (PSC). The luminosity function is similar in shape with those previously published for samples selected from the PSC, with a median redshift of 0.048 for the fainter sample, but shifted to higher space densities. There is evidence that some of the excess number counts in the deeper sample can be explained in terms of a large-scale density enhancement beyond the Pavo-Indus supercluster. In addition, the faintest counts in the new sample confirm the result of Hacking et al. (1989) that faint IRAS 60-micron source counts lie significantly in excess of an extrapolation of the PSC counts assuming no luminosity or density evolution. 81 refs.

Lonsdale, C.J.; Hacking, P.B.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large-scale scientific computing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Probing large-scale wind structures in Vela X-1 using off-states with INTEGRAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vela X-1 is the prototype of the class of wind-fed accreting pulsars in high mass X-ray binaries hosting a supergiant donor. We have analyzed in a systematic way ten years of INTEGRAL data of Vela X-1 (22-50 keV) and we found that when outside the X-ray eclipse, the source undergoes several luminosity drops where the hard X-rays luminosity goes below 5x10^34 erg/s, becoming undetected by INTEGRAL. These drops in the X-ray flux are usually referred to as "off-states" in the literature. We have investigated the distribution of these off-states along the Vela X-1 ~8.9 day orbit, finding that their orbital occurrence displays an asymmetric distribution, with a higher probability to observe an off-state near the pre-eclipse than during the post-eclipse. This asymmetry can be explained by scattering of hard X-rays in a region of ionized wind, able to reduce the source hard X-ray brightness preferentially near eclipse ingress. We associate this ionized large-scale wind structure with the photo-ionization wake produc...

Sidoli, L; Fuerst, F; Torrejon, J M; Kretschmar, P; Bozzo, E; Pottschmidt, K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Predictors of short-term decay of cell phone contacts in a large scale communication network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Under what conditions is an edge present in a social network at time t likely to decay or persist by some future time t + Delta(t)? Previous research addressing this issue suggests that the network range of the people involved in the edge, the extent to which the edge is embedded in a surrounding structure, and the age of the edge all play a role in edge decay. This paper uses weighted data from a large-scale social network built from cell-phone calls in an 8-week period to determine the importance of edge weight for the decay/persistence process. In particular, we study the relative predictive power of directed weight, embeddedness, newness, and range (measured as outdegree) with respect to edge decay and assess the effectiveness with which a simple decision tree and logistic regression classifier can accurately predict whether an edge that was active in one time period continues to be so in a future time period. We find that directed edge weight, weighted reciprocity and time-dependent measures of edge long...

Reader, Troy; Hachen, David; Chawla, Nitesh V

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Biomimetic synthesis of hierarchical crystalline hydroxyapatite fibers in large-scale  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: ? Crystalline hierarchical hydroxyapatite (HAp) fibers are synthesized. ? We employ a biomimetic route by using cotton cloth as a natural bio-template. ? We study the effects of pH, ultrasonic cleaning time, and calcination temperature. ? We obtain an optimized reaction condition. ? This is a low cost method for production of hierarchical HAp fibers. -- Abstract: Crystalline hierarchical hydroxyapatite [Ca{sub 10}(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}(OH){sub 2}, HAp)] fibers were successfully synthesized via a biomimetic route by using cotton cloth as a natural bio-template. The effects of pH value, aging time, ultrasonic cleaning time, and calcination temperature on the purity and morphology of the resulting hydroxyapatite (HAp) were monitored by scanning election microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and infrared spectrophotometer (IR) to obtain an optimized reaction condition, namely, pH 9, ultrasonic cleaning for 1 min, aging for 24 h, and calcination at 600 °C for 4 h. We found that the natural cellulose could not only control the morphology of HAp but also lower its phase transformation temperature. The impact of this method lies in its low cost and successful production of large-scale patterning of three-dimensional hierarchical HAp fibers.

Xing, Chaogang; Ge, Suxiang; Huang, Baojun; Bo, Yingying [Institute of Surface Micro and Nano Materials, Xuchang University, Xuchang, Henan Province 461000 (China)] [Institute of Surface Micro and Nano Materials, Xuchang University, Xuchang, Henan Province 461000 (China); Zhang, Di [State Key Lab of Metal Matrix Composites, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 1954 Huashan Road, Shanghai 200030 (China)] [State Key Lab of Metal Matrix Composites, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 1954 Huashan Road, Shanghai 200030 (China); Zheng, Zhi, E-mail: zhengzhi9999@yahoo.com.cn [Institute of Surface Micro and Nano Materials, Xuchang University, Xuchang, Henan Province 461000 (China)] [Institute of Surface Micro and Nano Materials, Xuchang University, Xuchang, Henan Province 461000 (China)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

484

NV Energy Large-Scale Photovoltaic Integration Study: Intra-Hour Dispatch and AGC Simulation  

SciTech Connect

The uncertainty and variability with photovoltaic (PV) generation make it very challenging to balance power system generation and load, especially under high penetration cases. Higher reserve requirements and more cycling of conventional generators are generally anticipated for large-scale PV integration. However, whether the existing generation fleet is flexible enough to handle the variations and how well the system can maintain its control performance are difficult to predict. The goal of this project is to develop a software program that can perform intra-hour dispatch and automatic generation control (AGC) simulation, by which the balancing operations of a system can be simulated to answer the questions posed above. The simulator, named Electric System Intra-Hour Operation Simulator (ESIOS), uses the NV Energy southern system as a study case, and models the system’s generator configurations, AGC functions, and operator actions to balance system generation and load. Actual dispatch of AGC generators and control performance under various PV penetration levels can be predicted by running ESIOS. With data about the load, generation, and generator characteristics, ESIOS can perform similar simulations and assess variable generation integration impacts for other systems as well. This report describes the design of the simulator and presents the study results showing the PV impacts on NV Energy real-time operations.

Lu, Shuai; Etingov, Pavel V.; Meng, Da; Guo, Xinxin; Jin, Chunlian; Samaan, Nader A.

2013-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

485

Oscillatory stability analysis with high penetrations of large-scale photovoltaic generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Prompted by the need for clean energy sources, increasing amounts of photovoltaic (PV) generator is connected to the power system around the world, hence, affects many aspects the dynamic and operational characteristics of synchronous generator dominated power system. In this paper, the impact of large-scale PV generation on power system oscillation, especially the inter-area oscillation is studied. The effect of PV on inter-area mode is investigated in New England–New York test system for different level of penetrations and operating conditions. Analysis in the paper reveals that increased PV penetration could affect the critical inter-area mode detrimentally. A trajectory sensitivity based rotor angle norm is evaluated to explore the reason why PV generators are interacting negatively on critical inter-area mode. The primary basis of the method is to convert the PV generator with equivalent sized synchronous generator and evaluate the sensitivity by real power perturbation. The analysis reveals that integration of PV to the system creates higher angular separation among synchronous generators, results inter-area oscillations. A generator ranking based operating point adjustment method is proposed in this paper to minimize the angular separation. The results obtained indicate that the proposed method can effectively minimize the angular separation, hence, enhance the damping of inter-area mode.

Rakibuzzaman Shah; N. Mithulananthan; R.C. Bansal

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Large-scale experimental wind-driven rain exposure investigations of building integrated photovoltaics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Building integrated photovoltaics (BIPVs) are photovoltaic materials that replace conventional building materials in parts of the building envelopes, such as roofs or facades, i.e. the BIPV system serves dual purposes, as both a building envelope material and a power generator. Hence, it is important to focus on the building envelope properties of a BIPV system in addition to energy generation performance when conducting experimental investigations of BIPVs. The aim of this work was to illustrate challenges linked to the building envelope properties of a BIPV system, and to develop and evaluate relevant methods for testing the building envelope properties of BIPV systems. A sample roof area with two BIPV modules was built and tested in a turnable box for rain and wind tightness testing of sloping building surfaces with the aim of investigating the rain tightness of the BIPV system, and observing how it withstood wind-driven rain at large-scale conditions. The BIPV sample roof went through testing with run-off water and wind-driven rain with incremental pulsating positive differential pressure over the sample at two different inclinations. The BIPV sample roof was during testing constantly visually monitored, and various leakage points were detected. In order to prevent such water penetration, the steel fittings surrounding the BIPV modules should ideally be better adapted to the BIPV modules and constricted to some extent. It is however important to maintain a sufficient ventilation rate simultaneously.

Christer Breivik; Bjørn Petter Jelle; Berit Time; Øystein Holmberget; John Nygård; Einar Bergheim; Arvid Dalehaug

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Stably stratified turbulence in the presence of large-scale forcing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform two high resolution direct numerical simulations of stratified turbulence for Reynolds number equal to Re~25000 and Froude number respectively of Fr~0.1 and Fr~0.03. The flows are forced at large scale and discretized on an isotropic grid of 2048^3 points. Stratification makes the flow anisotropic and introduces two extra characteristic scales with respect to homogeneous isotropic turbulence: the buoyancy scale, L_B, and the Ozmidov scale, l_{oz}. The former is related to the number of layers that the flow develops in the direction of gravity, the latter is regarded as the scale at which isotropy is recovered. The values of L_B and l_{oz} depend on the Froude number and their absolute and relative size affect the repartition of energy among Fourier modes. By contrasting the behavior of the two simulated flows we identify some surprising similarities: after an initial transient the two flows evolve towards comparable values of the kinetic and potential enstrophy, and energy dissipation rate. Further...

Rorai, C; Pouquet, A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Impulsive phase flare energy transport by large-scale Alfven waves and the electron acceleration problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impulsive phase of a solar flare marks the epoch of rapid conversion of energy stored in the pre-flare coronal magnetic field. Hard X-ray observations imply that a substantial fraction of flare energy released during the impulsive phase is converted to the kinetic energy of mildly relativistic electrons (10-100 keV). The liberation of the magnetic free energy can occur as the coronal magnetic field reconfigures and relaxes following reconnection. We investigate a scenario in which products of the reconfiguration - large-scale Alfven wave pulses - transport the energy and magnetic-field changes rapidly through the corona to the lower atmosphere. This offers two possibilities for electron acceleration. Firstly, in a coronal plasma with beta < m_e/m_p, the waves propagate as inertial Alfven waves. In the presence of strong spatial gradients, these generate field-aligned electric fields that can accelerate electrons to energies on the order of 10 keV and above, including by repeated interactions between el...

Fletcher, L

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Chapter 26 - Economic and Reliability Benefits of Large-Scale Solar Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Distributed and large-scale solar resources are expected to expand rapidly in some regional and utility systems over the next few years. As this growth takes place, utilities and regional planners are increasingly using economic valuation methods to determine the net costs of alternative renewable resource additions. The net cost equation is the renewable plant's contracted cost or estimated levelized cost of energy plus its transmission and integration costs, minus its energy, ancillary service, and capacity benefits. There is a large and growing research literature analyzing components of this net cost equation for solar resources on an individual project level and as components of expanding renewable portfolios. A key finding is that because of solar's production shape, there are significant changes in energy and capacity value for marginal solar additions in many regions as aggregate solar penetration increases beyond 5–10% of annual energy. To date, studies have not identified significant constraints on integration into system operations until solar penetrations reach 10–15% and even higher (with a larger renewable portfolio), especially if solar resources are sufficiently spatially distributed. However, there are indications that actual system operations may encounter integration constraints at lower penetrations. These operational limits are leading to an increasing focus on integration solutions, including storage, as a possible long-term requirement for continued solar penetration.

Udi Helman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Spider Optimization: Probing the Systematics of a Large Scale B-Mode Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spider is a long-duration, balloon-borne polarimeter designed to measure large scale Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarization with very high sensitivity and control of systematics. The instrument will map over half the sky with degree angular resolution in I, Q and U Stokes parameters, in four frequency bands from 96 to 275 GHz. Spider's ultimate goal is to detect the primordial gravity wave signal imprinted on the CMB B-mode polarization. One of the challenges in achieving this goal is the minimization of the contamination of B-modes by systematic effects. This paper explores a number of instrument systematics and observing strategies in order to optimize B-mode sensitivity. This is done by injecting realistic-amplitude, time-varying systematics in a set of simulated time-streams. Tests of the impact of detector noise characteristics, pointing jitter, payload pendulations, polarization angle offsets, beam systematics and receiver gain drifts are shown. Spider's default observing strategy is to spin continuously in azimuth, with polarization modulation achieved by either a rapidly spinning half-wave plate or a rapidly spinning gondola and a slowly stepped half-wave plate. Although the latter is more susceptible to systematics, results shown here indicate that either mode of operation can be used by Spider.

C. J. MacTavish; P. A. R. Ade; E. S. Battistelli; S. Benton; R. Bihary; J. J. Bock; J. R. Bond; J. Brevik; S. Bryan; C. R. Contaldi; B. P. Crill; O. Doré; L. Fissel; S. R. Golwala; M. Halpern; G. Hilton; W. Holmes; V. V. Hristov; K. Irwin; W. C. Jones; C. L. Kuo; A. E. Lange; C. Lawrie; T. G. Martin; P. Mason; T. E. Montroy; C. B. Netterfield; D. Riley; J. E. Ruhl; A. Trangsrud; C. Tucker; A. Turner; M. Viero; D. Wiebe

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Status of the large-scale dark-matter axion search  

SciTech Connect

If axions constitute the dark matter of our galactic halo they can be detected by their conversion into monochromatic microwave photons in a high-Q microwave cavity permeated by a strong magnetic field. A large-scale experiment is under construction at LLNL to search for halo axions in the mass range 1.3 - 13 {mu}eV, where axions may constitute closure density of the universe. The search builds upon two pilot efforts at BNL and the University of Florida in the late 1980`s, and represents a large improvement in power sensitivity ({approximately}50) both due to the increase in magnetic volume (B{sup 2}V = 14 T{sup 2}m{sup 3}), and anticipated total noise temperature (T{sub n} {approximately}3K). This search will also mark the first use of multiple power-combined cavities to extend the mass range accessible by this technique. Data will be analyzed in two parallel streams. In the first, the resolution of the power spectrum will be sufficient to resolve the expected width of the overall axion line, {approximately}{bigcirc} (1kHz). In the second, the resolution will be {bigcirc}(O.01-1 Hz) to look for extremely narrow substructure reflecting the primordial phase-space of the axions during infall. This experiment will be the first to have the required sensitivity to detect axions, for plausible axion models.

Van Bibber, K.; Hagmann, C.; Stoeffl, W. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Daw, E.; Rosenberg, L. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Sikivie, P.; Sullivan, N.; Tanner, D. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Dept. of Physics; Moltz, D.; Tighe, R. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Market power, fuel substitution and infrastructure – A large-scale equilibrium model of global energy markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Assessing and quantifying the impacts of technological, economic, and policy shifts in the global energy system require large-scale numerical models. We propose a dynamic multi-fuel market equilibrium model that combines endogenous fuel substitution within demand sectors and in power generation, detailed infrastructure capacity constraints and investment, as well as strategic behaviour and market power aspects by suppliers in a unified framework. This model is the first of its kind in which market power is exerted across several fuels. Using a data set based on the IEA (International Energy Agency) World Energy Outlook 2013 (New Policies scenario, time horizon 2010–2050, 30 regions, 10 fuels), we illustrate the functionality of the model in two scenarios: a reduction of shale gas availability in the US relative to current projections leads to an even stronger increase of power generation from natural gas in the European Union relative to the base case; this is due to a shift in global fossil fuel trade. In the second scenario, a tightening of the EU ETS emission cap by 80% in 2050 combined with a stronger biofuel mandate spawns a renaissance of nuclear power after 2030 and a strong electrification of the transportation sector. We observe carbon leakage rates from the unilateral mitigation effort of 60–70%.

Daniel Huppmann; Ruud Egging

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

DYNAMICAL FRICTION IN A GASEOUS MEDIUM WITH A LARGE-SCALE MAGNETIC FIELD  

SciTech Connect

The dynamical friction force experienced by a massive gravitating body moving through a gaseous medium is modified by sufficiently strong large-scale magnetic fields. Using linear perturbation theory, we calculate the structure of the wake generated by, and the gravitational drag force on, a body traveling in a straight-line trajectory in a uniformly magnetized medium. The functional form of the drag force as a function of the Mach number ({identical_to} V{sub 0}/c{sub s} , where V{sub 0} is the velocity of the body and c{sub s} is the sound speed) depends on the strength of the magnetic field and on the angle between the velocity of the perturber and the direction of the magnetic field. In particular, the peak value of the drag force is not near Mach number {approx}1 for a perturber moving in a sufficiently magnetized medium. As a rule of thumb, we may state that for supersonic motion, magnetic fields act to suppress dynamical friction; for subsonic motion, they tend to enhance dynamical friction. For perturbers moving along the magnetic field lines, the drag force at some subsonic Mach numbers may be stronger than at supersonic velocities. We also mention the relevance of our findings to black hole coalescence in galactic nuclei.

Sanchez-Salcedo, F. J., E-mail: jsanchez@astroscu.unam.mx [Instituto de Astronomia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Mexico City (Mexico)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

A stabilized proper orthogonal decomposition reduced-order model for large scale quasigeostrophic ocean circulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, a stabilized proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) reduced-order model (ROM) is presented for the barotropic vorticity equation. We apply the POD-ROM model to mid-latitude simplified oceanic basins, which are standard prototypes of more realistic large-scale ocean dynamics. A mode dependent eddy viscosity closure scheme is used to model the effects of the discarded POD modes. A sensitivity analysis with respect to the free eddy viscosity stabilization parameter is performed for various POD-ROMs with different numbers of POD modes. The POD-ROM results are validated against the Munk layer resolving direct numerical simulations using a fully conservative fourth-order Arakawa scheme. A comparison with the standard Galerkin POD-ROM without any stabilization is also included in our investigation. Significant improvements in the accuracy over the standard Galerkin model are shown for a four-gyre ocean circulation problem. This first step in the numerical assessment of the POD-ROM shows that it could r...

San, Omer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

A case study in top-down performance estimation for a large-scale parallel application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work presents a general methodology for estimating the performance of an HPC workload when running on a future hardware architecture. Further, it demonstrates the methodology by estimating the performance of a significant scientific application ... Keywords: mean value analysis, particle-in-cell codes, performance analysis, petascale

Ilya Sharapov; Robert Kroeger; Guy Delamarter; Razvan Cheveresan; Matthew Ramsay

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Using Cloud-Resolving Model Simulations of Deep Convection to Inform Cloud Parmaterizations in Large-Scale Models  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using Cloud-Resolving Model Simulations Using Cloud-Resolving Model Simulations of Deep Convection to Inform Cloud Parameterizations in Large-Scale Models S. A. Klein National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory Princeton, New Jersey R. Pincus National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science Climate Diagnostics Center Boulder, Colorado K. -M. Xu National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Abstract Cloud parameterizations in large-scale models struggle to address the significant non-linear effects of radiation and precipitation that arise from horizontal inhomogeneity in cloud properties at scales smaller than the grid box size of the large-scale models. Statistical cloud schemes provide an attractive

497

SwiftLink: Serendipitous Navigation Strategy for Large-scale Document Collections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

´ephane Marchand-Maillet Department of Computer Science University of Geneva Carouge, Switzerland Stephane.Marchand

Genève, Université de

498

EMSL - Molecular Science Computing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

computing Resources and Techniques Molecular Science Computing - Sophisticated and integrated computational capabilities, including scientific consultants, software, Cascade...

499

Challenges in large-scale graph processing on HPC platforms and the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dockery #12;High Performance Computing Workloads Core-memory sized Floating point intensive Well-structured def high performance computing zone in on parallel/distributed nature and the amount of communication describe conventional workload High performance computing typically refers to the connection of a large

Yuan, Xin

500

Scientific ethics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Scientific ethics ... Students are asked to write about an issue of scientific ethics in lieu of one laboratory experiment. ... This exercise uses two recent incidents of research misconduct to introduce students to the issue of ethics in scientific publication. ...

Marcia L. Gillette

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z