Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

How Three Retail Buyers Source Large-Scale Solar Electricity  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Large-scale, non-utility solar power purchase agreements (PPAs) are still a rarity despite the growing popularity of PPAs across the country. In this webinar, participants will learn more about how...

2

Solar electric systems  

SciTech Connect

Electricity from solar sources is the subject. The state-of-the-art of photovoltaics, wind energy and solar thermal electric systems is presented and also a broad range of solar energy activities throughout the Arab world is covered. Contents, abridged: Solar radiation fundamentals. Basic theory solar cells. Solar thermal power plants. Solar energy activities at the scientific research council in Iraq. Solar energy program at Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research. Prospects of solar energy for Egypt. Non-conventional energy in Syria. Wind and solar energies in Sudan. Index.

Warfield, G.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Barriers to commercialization of large-scale solar electricity: Lessions learned from the LUZ experience  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the economic and policy factors leading to the initial successful introduction of Luz International Limited`s Solar Electric Generating Systems (SEGS). It then addresses the wide range of barriers to continued SEGS commercialization, including state and federal tax policy, avoided cost energy pricing, artificial size limitations under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA), the loss of effectiveness of PURPA itself, the lack of incentives available to utilities as owners of solar electric plants, and the limited ways in which the environmental benefits of this technology have been recognized. The way in which each of these barriers contributed to the suspension of new LUZ projects is highlighted. In addition, mitigation approaches to each of these barriers are suggested.

Lotker, M. [Lotker (Michael), Westlake Village, CA (United States)

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

7Name ________________________________ Solar Electricity.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be attached directly to the outer surface of a satellite, or can be found on `solar panels' that the satellite. If the satellite is not big enough, additional solar panels may be needed to supply the electricity) The solar cells produce 0.03 watts per square cm, so the power available is 39819 x 0.03 = 1194 watts

5

High-Efficiency Solar Cells for Large-Scale Electricity Generation  

SciTech Connect

One strategy for helping the solar industry to grow faster is to use very high efficiency cells under concentrating optics. By using lenses or mirrors to concentrate the light, very small solar cells can be used, reducing the amount of semiconductor material and allowing use of higher efficiency cells, which are now >40% efficient.

Kurtz, S.; Olson, J.; Geisz, J.; Friedman, D.; McMahon, W.; Ptak, A.; Wanlass, M.; Kibbler, A.; Kramer, C.; Bertness, K.; Ward, S.; Duda, A.; Young, M.; Carapella, J.; Steiner, M.

2008-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

6

Solar amp Electric Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

amp Electric Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solar & Electric Solutions Place: Santa Cruz, California Zip: 95062 Sector: Solar Product: Small solar installation firm in...

7

Solar electricity-a low power technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The author examines the future potential of solar power with regard to its applications. He suggests that although the large size and small power output of solar cell electric systems are obstacles to high power usage, realistic low power applications can make a valuable contribution to world energy needs

L.B. Harris

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

THE POTENTIAL OF SOLAR ELECTRIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.5 Energy and the Costs of Production.............................................................5 2 and Local Energy Benefits of PV.......................................15 5. CONCLUSIONS AND DISCUSSIONTHE POTENTIAL OF SOLAR ELECTRIC APPLICATIONS FOR DELAWARE'S POULTRY FARMS FINAL REPORT

Delaware, University of

9

Small Solar Electric Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Solar Electric Systems Small Solar Electric Systems Small Solar Electric Systems July 15, 2012 - 4:11pm Addthis A small solar electric or photovoltaic system can be a reliable and pollution-free producer of electricity for your home or office. What are the key facts? Because PV technologies use both direct and scattered sunlight to create electricity, the solar resource across the United States is ample for home solar electric systems. Solar cells-the basic building blocks of a PV system -- consist of semiconductor materials. A typical home solar electric, or PV, system consists solar cells, modules or panels (which consist of solar cells), arrays (which consist of modules), and balance-of-system parts. A small solar electric or photovoltaic (PV) system can be a reliable and pollution-free producer of electricity for your home or office. Small PV

10

Small Solar Electric Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Solar Electric Systems Small Solar Electric Systems Small Solar Electric Systems July 15, 2012 - 4:11pm Addthis A small solar electric or photovoltaic system can be a reliable and pollution-free producer of electricity for your home or office. What are the key facts? Because PV technologies use both direct and scattered sunlight to create electricity, the solar resource across the United States is ample for home solar electric systems. Solar cells-the basic building blocks of a PV system -- consist of semiconductor materials. A typical home solar electric, or PV, system consists solar cells, modules or panels (which consist of solar cells), arrays (which consist of modules), and balance-of-system parts. A small solar electric or photovoltaic (PV) system can be a reliable and pollution-free producer of electricity for your home or office. Small PV

11

The potential of large germanium detector arrays for solar-axion searches utilizing the axio-electric effect for detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The sensitivities of large arrays of low-background germanium detectors for solar axion searches are investigated in the context of three coupling scenarios. A search was made for the 14.4-keV axion branch from the M1-transition in the thermally excited 57Fe in the solar core in 80 kgd of data from the IGEX Dark Matter experiment published earlier. In one scenario, the direct couplings of axions to hadrons and to electrons were assumed to be in the range of Peccei-Quinn (PQ) scale, 3x105 GeV < fPQ < 7x105 GeV. This scenario is excluded by the IGEX data. In a second case, at the same PQ scale, coupling to photons and to electrons are suppressed. The IGEX data partially excludes this scenario depending on the degree of suppression. In the third case, the PQ-scale for all couplings is assumed to be in the range: 3x106 GeV< fPQ <7x106 GeV. Detection rates in Ge for all three scenarios are presented.

F. T. Avignone III

2008-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

12

Solar Photovoltaic Electricity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most solar photovoltaic systems use 12V deep cycle ... voltage, or combined in parallel for greater capacity without changing the voltage. The batteries used...

Ramchandra Pode; Boucar Diouf

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

First Solar Electric LLC formerly DT Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electric LLC formerly DT Solar Electric LLC formerly DT Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name First Solar Electric LLC (formerly DT Solar) Place Branchburg, New Jersey Zip 8876 Sector Solar Product PV project developer and installer, acquired by First Solar in November 2007, to develop large solar power projects in the US Southwest. Coordinates 40.56089°, -74.70034° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.56089,"lon":-74.70034,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

14

Distributed Solar Photovoltaics for Electric Vehicle Charging...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DISTRIBUTED SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING REGULATORY AND POLICY CONSIDERATIONS ABSTRACT Increasing demand for electric vehicle (EV) charging provides an...

15

Solar Electric Power Association | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Electric Power Association Place: Washington, DC Product: Nonprofit organization whose membership consists of more than 100 electric service providers, utilities,...

16

High-Efficiency Solar Cells for Large-Scale Electricity Generation & Design Considerations for the Related Optics (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

The photovoltaic industry has been growing exponentially at an average rate of about 35%/year since 1979. Recently, multijunction concentrator cell efficiencies have surpassed 40%. Combined with concentrating optics, these can be used for electricity generation.

Kurtz, S.; Olson, J.; Geisz, J.; Friedman, D.; McMahon, W.; Ptak, A.; Wanlass, M.k; Kibbler, A.; Kramer, C.; Ward, S.; Duda, A.; Young, M.; Carapella, J.

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

17

SOLAR ENERGY AND OUR ELECTRICITY FUTURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR ENERGY AND OUR ELECTRICITY FUTURE Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Solar Power (CSP) #12;Solar Energy Fun Facts More energy from sunlight strikes the Earth in one hour Solar energy is the only long-term option capable of meeting the energy (electricity and transportation

18

Solar Electric Light Fund | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Electric Light Fund Solar Electric Light Fund Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Solar Electric Light Fund Agency/Company /Organization: Solar Electric Light Fund Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar Phase: Create Early Successes Resource Type: Publications, Training materials Website: www.self.org/ Locality: US, Africa, Asia, Latin America Cost: Free The mission of the Solar Electric Light Fund (SELF) is to empower people in developing countries to rise from poverty using energy from the sun. What We Do The Solar Electric Light Fund (SELF) has been working in the field of renewable energy, household energy and decentralized rural electrification for over 18 years. We have a proven track record of managing complex, multi-disciplinary international projects and have worked on renewable

19

Moreno Valley Electric Utility - Solar Electric Incentive Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Moreno Valley Electric Utility - Solar Electric Incentive Program Moreno Valley Electric Utility - Solar Electric Incentive Program Moreno Valley Electric Utility - Solar Electric Incentive Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate Residential systems 30 kW or less: $14,000 or 50% of cost, whichever is less Small commercial systems 30 kW or less: $50,000 or 50% of cost, whichever is less Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Systems 30 kW or less: $2.00 per W-AC Systems larger than 30 kW: $0.06 per kWh for 5 years Provider Moreno Valley Electric Utility Moreno Valley Electric Utility provides rebates to its electric customers for the purchase of photovoltaic (PV) systems. System must be on the same premises as the customer to qualify. Systems 30 kilowatts (kW) or less can

20

The Status of Solar Thermal Electric Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar thermal electric technology was evaluated as a future source of power for United States utilities. The technology status was developed using an ... configuration was selected for each of the major solar col...

Richard J. Holl; Edgar A. DeMeo

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Solar-Electric Dish Stirling System Development  

SciTech Connect

Electrical power generated with the heat from the sun, called solar thermal power, is produced with three types of concentrating solar systems - trough or line-focus systems; power towers in which a centrally-located thermal receiver is illuminated with a large field of sun-tracking heliostats; and dish/engine systems. A special case of the third type of system, a dish/Stirling system, is the subject of this paper. A dish/Stirling system comprises a parabolic dish concentrator, a thermal receiver, and a Stirling engine/generator located at the focus of the dish. Several different dish/Stirling systems have been built and operated during the past 15 years. One system claims the world record for net conversion of solar energy to electric power of 29.4%; and two different company`s systems have accumulated thousands of hours of on-sun operation. Due to de-regulation and intense competition in global energy markets as well as the immaturity of the technology, dish/Stirling systems have not yet found their way into the marketplace. This situation is changing as solar technologies become more mature and manufacturers identify high-value niche markets for their products. In this paper, I review the history of dish/Stirling system development with an emphasis on technical and other issues that directly impact the Stirling engine. I also try to provide some insight to the opportunities and barriers confronting the application of dish/Stirling in power generation markets.

Mancini, T.R.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

22

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigation of Photovoltaic Cost Trends in California,The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic ElectricityThe Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Solar Electric Incentive Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Electric Incentive Program Solar Electric Incentive Program Solar Electric Incentive Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate Residential (Homeowner or Third Party): $5,000 per home for Pacific Power and PGE Non-Residential: $100,000 for Pacific Power, $120,000 for PGE PGE Non-Residential Maximum for systems installed on or after May 24, 2013: $300,000 Program Info Funding Source Public Benefits Fund Start Date 05/2003 State Oregon Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Residential (Homeowner or Third Party-Owned): $0.75/W DC for Pacific Power and PGE Non-Residential PGE, 0-35 kW: $1.20/watt Non-Residential Pacific Power, 0-35 kW: $1.10/watt

24

Chicopee Electric Light- Residential Solar Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Chicopee Electric Light offered rebates to residential customers who install solar photovoltaic systems on their homes. Customer rebates are $0.50 per watt for a maximum of $2,500 per installation.

25

Solar Power and the Electric Grid, Energy Analysis (Fact Sheet)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power and the Electric Grid Power and the Electric Grid In today's electricity generation system, different resources make different contributions to the electricity grid. This fact sheet illustrates the roles of distributed and centralized renewable energy technologies, particularly solar power, and how they will contribute to the future electricity system. The advantages of a diversified mix of power generation systems are highlighted. Grid 101: How does the electric grid work? The electric grid-an interconnected system illustrated in Figure 1-maintains an instantaneous balance between supply and demand (generation and load) while moving electricity from generation source to customer. Because large amounts of electricity are difficult to store, the amount generated and fed into the system must be care-

26

Millennium Electric TOU Ltd aka Millennium Solar EIG Solar | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electric TOU Ltd aka Millennium Solar EIG Solar Electric TOU Ltd aka Millennium Solar EIG Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name Millennium Electric TOU Ltd (aka Millennium Solar, EIG Solar) Place Israel Zip 43650 Sector Efficiency, Solar Product Israeli manufacturer of PV modules, incorporating solar concentrators to increase cell efficiency. References Millennium Electric TOU Ltd (aka Millennium Solar, EIG Solar)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Millennium Electric TOU Ltd (aka Millennium Solar, EIG Solar) is a company located in Israel . References ↑ "[ Millennium Electric TOU Ltd (aka Millennium Solar, EIG Solar)]" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Millennium_Electric_TOU_Ltd_aka_Millennium_Solar_EIG_Solar&oldid=348837

27

Solar thermal electric power information user study  

SciTech Connect

The results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on solar thermal electric power are described. These results, part of a larger study on many different solar technologies, identify types of information each group needed and the best ways to get information to each group. The report is 1 of 10 discussing study results. The overall study provides baseline data about information needs in the solar community. An earlier study identified the information user groups in the solar community and the priority (to accelerate solar energy commercialization) of getting information to each group. In the current study only high-priority groups were examined. Results from five solar thermal electric power groups of respondents are analyzed: DOE-Funded Researchers, Non-DOE-Funded Researchers, Representatives of Utilities, Electric Power Engineers, and Educators. The data will be used as input to the determination of information products and services the Solar Energy Research Institute, the Solar Energy Information Data Bank Network, and the entire information outreach community should be preparing and disseminating.

Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marle, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Sun Also Rises: Planning for Large-Scale Solar Power  

SciTech Connect

Wind, solar, and other renewable energy are an important part of any present-day energy. The portion of energy they supply will certainly be increasing over the next few years. Arguably, large-scale wind power has reached technological maturity, and with more than 100 GW of capacity, ample experience exists on integrating wind systems. Solar technologies, on the other hand, are emerging, and substantial R&D investments are being made to achieve parity with retail electricity costs in the near future. As this happens, annual capacity additions of solar power will become significant.

Bebic, J.; Walling, R.; O'Brien, K.; Kroposki, B.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

A solar module fabrication process for HALE solar electric UAVs  

SciTech Connect

We describe a fabrication process used to manufacture high power-to-weight-ratio flexible solar array modules for use on high-altitude-long-endurance (HALE) solar-electric unmanned air vehicles (UAVs). These modules have achieved power-to-weight ratios of 315 and 396 W/kg for 150{mu}m-thick monofacial and 110{mu}m-thick bifacial silicon solar cells, respectively. These calculations reflect average module efficiencies of 15.3% (150{mu}m) and 14.7% (110{mu}m) obtained from electrical tests performed by Spectrolab, Inc. under AMO global conditions at 25{degrees}C, and include weight contributions from all module components (solar cells, lamination material, bypass diodes, interconnect wires, and adhesive tape used to attach the modules to the wing). The fabrication, testing, and performance of 32 m{sup 2} of these modules will be described.

Carey, P.G.; Aceves, R.C.; Colella, N.J.; Williams, K.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Sinton, R.A. [Private Consultant, San Jose, CA (United States); Glenn, G.S. [Spectrolab, Inc., Sylmar, CA (United States)

1994-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

30

DOE Solar Decathlon: Schneider Electric  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News News Photos Videos Product Directory Village Energy Balance Education Sponsors Sustaining - Bosch - Cisco - Edison International - Schneider Electric - Wells Fargo Supporting Contributing Resource Association History FAQs Contacts Schneider Electric Logo of Schneider Electric As a global specialist in energy management with operations in more than 100 countries, Schneider Electric offers integrated solutions across multiple market segments, including leadership positions in utilities and infrastructure, industries and machines manufacturers, nonresidential buildings, data centers and networks, and in residential buildings. Focused on making energy safe, reliable, efficient, productive, and green, the group's 140,000-plus employees achieved sales of $30.8 billion (24 billion

31

Battery Power for Your Residential Solar Electric System: Better Buildings Series Solar Electric Fact Sheet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ELECTRIC ELECTRIC Battery Power for Your Residential Solar Electric System A Winning Combination-Design, Efficiency, and Solar Technology A battery bank stores electricity produced by a solar electric system. If your house is not connected to the utility grid, or if you antici- pate long power outages from the grid, you will need a battery bank. This fact sheet pro- vides an overview of battery basics, including information to help you select and maintain your battery bank. Types of Batteries There are many types of batteries avail- able, and each type is designed for specific applications. Lead-acid batteries have been used for residential solar electric systems for many years and are still the best choice for this application because of their low mainte- nance requirements and cost. You may

32

Low-cost distributed solar-thermal-electric power generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low-cost distributed solar-thermal-electric power generation A. Der Minassians, K. H. Aschenbach and feasibility study of a low-cost solar thermal electricity generation technology, suitable for distributed: Solar Thermal Collectors, Solar Thermal Electricity, Stirling Engine 1. INTRODUCTION In this paper, we

Sanders, Seth

33

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

significant challenge for solar thermal energy generation issolar thermal, cogeneration of electrical and thermal energy,for efficient energy production. Solar thermal plants, such

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Homeowners Guide to Leasing a Solar Electric System (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This updated fact sheet provides an introduction to solar leases for homeowners who are considering installing a solar electric system on their home.

Not Available

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

List of Solar Thermal Electric Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electric Incentives Electric Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 548 Solar Thermal Electric Incentives. CSV (rows 1-500) CSV (rows 501-548) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active 30% Business Tax Credit for Solar (Vermont) Corporate Tax Credit Vermont Commercial Industrial Photovoltaics Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Electric Solar Thermal Process Heat Solar Water Heat No APS - Net Metering (Arizona) Net Metering Arizona Commercial Industrial Residential Nonprofit Schools Local Government State Government Fed. Government Agricultural Institutional Solar Thermal Electric Photovoltaics Wind energy Biomass No Advanced Energy Fund (Ohio) Public Benefits Fund Ohio Commercial Industrial Institutional

36

Sandia National Laboratories: Solar Electric Propulsion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a wide array of missions for NASA. This multipurpose space vehicle concentrates the Sun's energy into a Sandia designed solar collector using a large reflector to power a Sandia...

37

SunShot Initiative: Deployable Commercial Rooftop Solar Electric System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deployable Commercial Rooftop Deployable Commercial Rooftop Solar Electric System to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Deployable Commercial Rooftop Solar Electric System on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Deployable Commercial Rooftop Solar Electric System on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Deployable Commercial Rooftop Solar Electric System on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Deployable Commercial Rooftop Solar Electric System on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Deployable Commercial Rooftop Solar Electric System on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Deployable Commercial Rooftop Solar Electric System on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Photovoltaics Systems Integration Research, Development, & Demonstration Competitive Awards Solar Utility Networks: Replicable Innovations in Solar Energy

38

COMMENTS OF THE LARGE-SCALE SOLAR ASSOCIATION TO DEPARTMENT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

COMMENTS OF THE LARGE-SCALE SOLAR ASSOCIATION TO DEPARTMENT COMMENTS OF THE LARGE-SCALE SOLAR ASSOCIATION TO DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY'S RAPID RESPONSE TEAM FOR TRANSMISSION'S REQUEST FOR INFORMATION Submitted by electronic mail to: Lamont.Jackson@hq.doe.gov The Large-scale Solar Association appreciates this opportunity to respond to the Department of Energy's (DOE) Rapid Response Team for Transmission's (RRTT) Request for Information. 1 We applaud the DOE for creating the RRTT and continuing to advance the efforts already made under the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) entered into by nine Federal agencies in 2009 to expedite electric transmission construction. We also applaud the federal and state agencies that have expanded the Renewable Energy Policy Group and the Renewable Energy Action Team in California to focus on transmission, and hope that the tremendous

39

Oncor Electric Delivery - Large Commercial and Industrial Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oncor Electric Delivery - Large Commercial and Industrial Rebate Oncor Electric Delivery - Large Commercial and Industrial Rebate Program Oncor Electric Delivery - Large Commercial and Industrial Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Manufacturing Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Home Weatherization Insulation Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Solar Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate General: 20% of the incentive budget in a given budget year Contact Oncor for additional details Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount DX Air Conditioning: $285.30/kW; $0.09/kWh

40

Future Developments of Large Electric Generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Future Developments of Large Electric Generators C. Concordia Several observations can...continual development of large electric generators: 1. The tendency toward always increasing...unbalanced loading. 5. The type of steam generator as it may influence a tendency to use...

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

November 21, 2000 PV Lesson Plan 2 Solar Electric Arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the concept of the photovoltaic IV curve. They will learn how modules are put together to generate the desired electric system A solar cell is a semicondutor device designed to turn solar irradiance into electricity such as lamps can also be used by solar cells to generate electricity if the energy of the photons is high

Oregon, University of

42

Concentrating on Solar Electricity and Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...power, pose a storage problem. They...unavailable. Aside from pumped hydropower, large-scale storage of electricity is...Spain already have a storage capacity for 7 to...industrial processes, for seawater desalination, or...

Martin Roeb; Hans Mller-Steinhagen

2010-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

43

American Solar Electric Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Solar Electric Inc American Solar Electric Inc Place Scottsdale, Arizona Zip 85251 Product US installer of residential, commercial and industrial PV systems. Coordinates 33.494°, -111.920694° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.494,"lon":-111.920694,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

44

Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc - Energy Smart Solar Water Heater Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc - Energy Smart Solar Water Heater Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc - Energy Smart Solar Water Heater Rebate Program Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc - Energy Smart Solar Water Heater Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Maximum Rebate $600 Program Info State Florida Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount 0.01 per BTU output Provider Clay Electric Co-op Clay Electric Cooperative (CEC) provides a rebate of $0.01 per BTU output to its residential members when they purchase qualified solar water heaters. This rebate is capped at 60,000 BTUs per system, or $600. Eligible solar water heaters can be either passive or active systems. The proposed solar system must meet Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) specifications and be installed by a contractor certified to install solar water heating

45

Tampa Electric - Solar Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tampa Electric - Solar Rebate Program Tampa Electric - Solar Rebate Program Tampa Electric - Solar Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Water Heating Maximum Rebate PV: $20,000 Solar water heating: $1,000 per system Program Info Start Date 4/18/2011 Expiration Date 12/31/2015 State Florida Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount PV: $2.00 per watt Solar water heating: $1,000 per system Provider Tampa Electric '''''Note: Of the $1.5 million budgeted for this program annually, $500,000 is reserved for solar water heating, and $1 million is reserved for PV systems. All funds have been committed for Solar PV systems at this time. Tampa Electric is scheduled to reopen the rebate program to new application

46

Lakeland Electric - Solar Water Heating Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lakeland Electric - Solar Water Heating Program Lakeland Electric - Solar Water Heating Program Lakeland Electric - Solar Water Heating Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Program Info Start Date June 2010 State Florida Program Type Other Incentive Provider Lakeland Electric Lakeland Electric, a municipal utility in Florida, is the nation's first utility to offer solar-heated domestic hot water on a "pay-for-energy" basis. The utility has contracted with a solar equipment vendor, Regenesis Lakeland, LLC, to install solar water heaters on participating customers' homes. Lakeland Electric bills the customer $34.95 per month regardless of use. Each solar heater is metered and equipped with a heating element timer as a demand management feature. The $34.95 monthly charge is a bulk energy

47

Solar Energy Sources SES Solar Inc formerly Electric Network com | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sources SES Solar Inc formerly Electric Network com Sources SES Solar Inc formerly Electric Network com Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Energy Sources - SES Solar Inc (formerly Electric Network.com) Place Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada Zip V6G 2Z6 Sector Solar Product Intends to design, engineer, produce and install PV modules, and has developed a new assembly technology for solar panels that it believes will allow for higher quality electrical contacts. References Solar Energy Sources - SES Solar Inc (formerly Electric Network.com)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Solar Energy Sources - SES Solar Inc (formerly Electric Network.com) is a company located in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada .

48

Hybrid Wind and Solar Electric Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hybrid Wind and Solar Electric Systems Hybrid Wind and Solar Electric Systems Hybrid Wind and Solar Electric Systems July 2, 2012 - 8:21pm Addthis Because the peak operating times for wind and solar systems occur at different times of the day and year, hybrid systems are more likely to produce power when you need it. Because the peak operating times for wind and solar systems occur at different times of the day and year, hybrid systems are more likely to produce power when you need it. How does it work? A small "hybrid" electric system that combines wind and solar technologies can offer several advantages over either single system. According to many renewable energy experts, a small "hybrid" electric system that combines home wind electric and home solar electric (photovoltaic or PV) technologies offers several advantages over either

49

Solar Electric Light Company SELCO | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Light Company SELCO Light Company SELCO Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Electric Light Company (SELCO) Place Bangalore, Karnataka, India Zip 560078 Sector Services, Solar Product Solar Electric Light Company (SELCO) manufactures photovoltaic products and services targeted especially at end consumers in developing countries who have no access to land electricity. References Solar Electric Light Company (SELCO)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Solar Electric Light Company (SELCO) is a company located in Bangalore, Karnataka, India . References ↑ "Solar Electric Light Company (SELCO)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Solar_Electric_Light_Company_SELCO&oldid=35125

50

Conversion of Solar to Electrical Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A photovoltaic device has been developed which converts solar radiation directly into electrical energy with an over-all efficiency of 11%. This consists of a p-n junction formed by gaseous diffusion near the front surface of a silicon plate. In full sunlight a single cell furnishes approximately 30 ma of short circuit current per square centimeter of surface 0.6 v of open circuit voltage and 12 mw of power into a matched load per square centimeter of surface. Like other electric batteries individual cells may be connected in series or parallel to obtain an increase in terminal voltage or current. The spectral response is a maximum near 0.7 and the long wavelength cutoff is at approximately 1.1 . The efficiency of this new siliconp-n junctionphotovoltaic cell is greater by a factor of 20 than that previously reported for other types of photocells and makes the conversion of the sun's energy directly into electricity possible for a number of interesting applications. A Bell System field trial at Americus Georgia in which solar batteries are used to power a rural carrier telephone communication system is described. A number of other possible applications for this new solar energy converter are discussed.

G. L. Pearson

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

EWEB - Solar Electric Program (Performance-Based Incentive) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EWEB - Solar Electric Program (Performance-Based Incentive) EWEB - Solar Electric Program (Performance-Based Incentive) EWEB - Solar Electric Program (Performance-Based Incentive) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Start Date 1/25/2008 State Oregon Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount $0.0856/kWh for 10 years (subject to annual review) Provider Eugene Water and Electric Board The Eugene Water and Electric Board's (EWEB) Solar Electric Program offers financial incentives for residential and commercial customers who generate electricity using solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. [dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=OR101F&re=0&ee=0

52

Implementation of optimum solar electricity generating system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Under the 10th Malaysian Plan the government is expecting the renewable energy to contribute approximately 5.5% to the total electricity generation by the year 2015 which amounts to 98MW. One of the initiatives to ensure that the target is achievable was to establish the Sustainable Energy Development Authority of Malaysia. SEDA is given the authority to administer and manage the implementation of the feed-in tariff (FiT) mechanism which is mandated under the Renewable Energy Act 2011. The move to establish SEDA is commendable and the FiT seems to be attractive but there is a need to create awareness on the implementation of the solar electricity generating system (SEGS). In Malaysia harnessing technologies related to solar energy resources have great potential for implementation. However the main issue that plagues the implementation of SEGS is the intermittent nature of this source of energy. The availability of sunlight is during the day time and there is a need for electrical energy storage system so that there is electricity available during the night time as well. The meteorological condition such as clouds haze and pollution affects the SEGS as well. The PV based SEGS is seems to be promising electricity generating system that can contribute towards achieving the 5.5% target and will be able to minimize the negative effects of utilizing fossil fuels for electricity generation on the environment. Malaysia is committed to Kyoto Protocol which emphasizes on fighting global warming by achieving stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. In this paper the technical aspects of the implementation of optimum SEGS is discussed especially pertaining to the positioning of the PV panels.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Solar electric power plant due to start up  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In early April of this year, Solar One, a central receiver pilot plant designed to show that solar energy can be harnessed by utilities to produce electricity on a commercial scale, will begin producing power. ... With a rated maximum power output to the utility grid of 10.8 MW, Solar One is the world's largest solarpowered electrical generating facility. ...

RUDY M. BAUM

1982-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

54

NREL Webinar: Treatment of Solar Generation in Electric Utility Resource  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NREL Webinar: Treatment of Solar Generation in Electric Utility NREL Webinar: Treatment of Solar Generation in Electric Utility Resource Planning NREL Webinar: Treatment of Solar Generation in Electric Utility Resource Planning January 14, 2014 2:00PM to 3:00PM EST Online Today's utility planners have a different market and economic context than their predecessors, including planning for the growth of renewable energy. State and federal support policies, solar photovoltaic (PV) price declines, and the introduction of new business models for solar PV "ownership" are leading to increasing interest in solar technologies, especially PV. In this free webinar, you will hear how utilities are incorporating solar generation into their resource planning processes. Analysts from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the Solar Electric Power

55

Assessment of generic solar thermal systems for large power applications: analysis of electric power generating costs for systems larger than 10 MWe  

SciTech Connect

Seven generic types of collectors, together with associated subsystems for electric power generation, were considered. The collectors can be classified into three categories: (1) two-axis tracking (with compound-curvature reflecting surfaces); (2) one-axis tracking (with single-curvature reflecting surfaces); and (3) nontracking (with low-concentration reflecting surfaces). All seven collectors were analyzed in conceptual system configurations with Rankine-cycle engines. In addition, two of the collectors were analyzed with Brayton-cycle engines, and one was analyzed with a Stirling-cycle engine. With these engine options, and the consideration of both thermal and electrical storage for the Brayton-cycle central receiver, 11 systems were formulated for analysis. Conceptual designs developed for the 11 systems were based on common assumptions of available technology in the 1990 to 2000 time frame. No attempt was made to perform a detailed optimization of each conceptual design. Rather, designs best suited for a comparative evaluation of the concepts were formulated. Costs were estimated on the basis of identical assumptions, ground rules, methodologies, and unit costs of materials and labor applied uniformly to all of the concepts. The computer code SOLSTEP was used to analyze the thermodynamic performance characteristics and energy costs of the 11 concepts. Year-long simulations were performed using meteorological and insolation data for Barstow, California. Results for each concept include levelized energy costs and capacity factors for various combinations of storage capacity and collector field size.

Apley, W.J.; Bird, S.P.; Brown, D.R.; Drost, M.K.; Fort, J.A.; Garrett-Price, B.A.; Patton, W.P.; Williams, T.A.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Sandia National Laboratories: Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis of Glare Impacts of Ivanpah Solar Power Site On August 7, 2014, in Concentrating Solar Power, Energy, News, News & Events, Renewable Energy, Solar, Systems Analysis The...

57

Optimal trajectories with solar electric propulsion and gravity assisted maneuver.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The future interplanetary missions will probably use the conventional chemical rockets to leave the sphere of influence of the Earth, and solar electric propulsion (SEP) (more)

Denilson Paulo Souza dos Santos

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Parabolic Trough Solar Thermal Electric Power Plants (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet provides an overview of the potential for parabolic trough solar thermal electric power plants, especially in the Southwestern U.S.

Not Available

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Advanced Solar Electric Inc ASE | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inc ASE Jump to: navigation, search Name: Advanced Solar Electric Inc (ASE) Place: Thousand Oaks, California Zip: 91320 Product: US-based PV system installer. References: Advanced...

60

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A solar tracker and concentrator was designed and assembled for the purpose of cogeneration of thermal power and electrical power using thermoelectric technology. A BiTe (more)

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

EIS-0416: Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System in San Bernardino...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Generating System (07-AFC-5) Project, Proposal to Construct a 400-m Megawatt Concentrated Solar Power Tower, Thermal-Electric Power Plant, San Bernardino County, California July 1,...

62

Gainesville Regional Utilities - Solar-Electric (PV) System Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gainesville Regional Utilities - Solar-Electric (PV) System Rebate Gainesville Regional Utilities - Solar-Electric (PV) System Rebate Program Gainesville Regional Utilities - Solar-Electric (PV) System Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate $5,000 Program Info Start Date 10/1/2010 State Florida Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Solar window of 80% or more: $1.00/watt Provider Gainesville Regional Utilities '''''NOTE: Application targets for fiscal year 2013 have been met for the GRU Solar PV Rebate Program. The next round of applications are scheduled to open on October 1, 2013 pending approval of the GRU budget by the Gainesville City Commission.''''' Gainesville Regional Utilities (GRU) offers its customers a rebate to install photovoltaic (PV) systems. Systems with solar windows of 80% or

63

Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Solar Water Heater Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Solar Water Heater Rebate Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Solar Water Heater Rebate Program Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Solar Water Heater Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $500 Provider Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative Association Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative Association (Linn County RECA) is a member-owned cooperative. To encourage energy efficiency, Linn County offers a number of rebates to commercial, residential, and agricultural customers. Owners of both new construction and existing buildings are eligible for a $500 rebate for solar water heaters. The water heaters must have an auxiliary tank of at least 40 gallons and the solar water heater

64

The Economics of Solar Electricity Erin Baker,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-effectiveness of incremental increases in solar capacity, holding the rest of the power system fixed. Solar's variability adds. Medium-run analyses con- sider the implications of non-incremental changes in solar capacity. The cost with solar power generation are close to zero. Second, increasing the level of grid-connected solar capacity

Fowlie, Meredith

65

Implementations of electric vehicle system based on solar energy in Singapore : assessment of solar photovoltaic systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To evaluate the feasibility of solar energy based Electric Vehicle Transportation System in Singapore, the state of the art Photovoltaic Systems have been reviewed in this report with a focus on solar cell technologies. ...

Sun, Li

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Department of Electrical Engineering Spring 2011 Glass Block Solar Collector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the sponsor. The collector incorporated a solar panel that charged a battery unit. The battery poweredPENNSTATE Department of Electrical Engineering Spring 2011 Glass Block Solar Collector Overview Pittsburgh Corning, a leading manufacturer of architectural glass blocks, wanted to incorporate a solar

Demirel, Melik C.

67

17th Sede Boqer Symposium on Solar Electricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to solar panel parameter extraction based on the manufacturer's datasheet Moshe Averbukh1 , S. Lineykin2 17th Sede Boqer Symposium on Solar Electricity Production October 24-26, 2011 George Evens Family efficiency solar cells Ronen Gurtman1,3 , Anna Osherov2,3 Yuval Golan2,3 and Iris Visoly-Fisher1,3 1 Dept

Prigozhin, Leonid

68

Silicon Valley Power - Solar Electric Buy Down Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Electric Buy Down Program Solar Electric Buy Down Program Silicon Valley Power - Solar Electric Buy Down Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate Residential: $20,000 Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Incentives step down over time as installed capacity goals are met. Check program web site for current incentive level. '''Rebate levels as of 9/20/12:''' Residential: $2.00/watt AC Commercial (up to 100 kW): $1.10/watt AC Commercial (>100 kW to 1 MW): $0.15/kWh for 5 years Provider Silicon Valley Power Silicon Valley Power (SVP) offers incentives for the installation of new grid-connected solar electric (photovoltaic, or PV) systems. Incentive levels will step down over the life of the program as certain installed

69

Valley Electric Association - Solar Water Heating Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Valley Electric Association - Solar Water Heating Program Valley Electric Association - Solar Water Heating Program Valley Electric Association - Solar Water Heating Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Program Info State Nevada Program Type Utility Loan Program Provider Valley Electric Association Valley Electric Association (VEA), a nonprofit member owned cooperative, developed the domestic solar water heating program to encourage energy efficiency at the request of the membership. VEA partnered with Great Basin College to train and certify installers, creating jobs in the community, and also with Rheem Manufacturing and a local licensed contractor to install the units. A site visit is performed to determine the best installation and system design for each member. Members have the option of

70

Solar Works! In Seattle: Introduction to Solar Electric (PV)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation slides from residential PV workshop. Also covers general solar resource assessment, siting and financial incentives.

71

Madison Gas and Electric - Clean Power Partner Solar Buyback Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Madison Gas and Electric - Clean Power Partner Solar Buyback Madison Gas and Electric - Clean Power Partner Solar Buyback Program Madison Gas and Electric - Clean Power Partner Solar Buyback Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Start Date 03/06/2007 (systems installed prior to this date do not qualify) State Wisconsin Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount $0.25/kWh Provider Madison Gas and Electric '''''The Clean Power Partners Program has reached the 1 MW cap. Applicants can be placed on a waiting list or participate in MGE's [http://www.mge.com/Home/rates/cust_gen.htm net metering program].''''' Customer-generators enrolled in the Madison Gas and Electric (MGE) green

72

Own Your Power! A Consumer Guide to Solar Electricity for the Home (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

A consumer guide about solar electricity for the home. Includes information about types of solar electric systems, how to choose a system, financing, and costs.

Not Available

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Own Your Power! A Consumer Guide to Solar Electricity for the Home (Brochure)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

A consumer guide about solar electricity for the home. Includes information about types of solar electric systems, how to choose a system, financing, and costs.

74

Own Your Power! A Consumer Guide to Solar Electricity for the Home  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

A consumer guide about solar electricity for the home. Includes information about types of solar electric systems, how to choose a system, financing, and costs.

2009-01-00T23:59:59.000Z

75

Roseville Electric - Solar Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Rebate Program Solar Rebate Program Roseville Electric - Solar Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Funding Source Public Benefits Fund State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Systems less than 10 kW: $0.80/watt Systems 10 kW up to 100 kW: Performance-based incentive; length of contract and $/kWh amount vary based on system size. Provider Roseville Electric '''''Note: Incentive amounts offered through this program will step down over time based on participation rates. See website above for the most recent incentive details. ''''' Roseville Electric has implemented solar rebate programs in order to meet the three statewide goals in [http://dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=CA134F&re=1&...

76

A.W. Blakers, 'Solar and Wind Electricity in Australia', Australian Journal of Environmental Management, Vol 7, pp 223-236, 2000 SOLAR AND WIND ELECTRICITY IN AUSTRALIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

environmental impact associated with the construction of what amounts to a coastal hydro scheme. Solar energy.blakers@anu.edu.au Abstract This paper examines the renewable generation of electricity in Australia from photovoltaics (PV environmental impacts even when deployed on very large scales. They are the only fully sustainable technologies

77

Author's personal copy Solar modulation in surface atmospheric electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Author's personal copy Solar modulation in surface atmospheric electricity R. Giles Harrison a is the major source of air's electrical conductivity over the oceans and well above the continents atmospheric electrical circuit, including the local vertical current density and the related surface potential

Usoskin, Ilya G.

78

Solar Power in the Desert: Are the current large-scale solar developments really improving Californias environment?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

large scale solar developments in California will impactpoorly placed solar arrays in California leads to the losslarge-scale solar developments really improving Californias

Allen, Michael F.; McHughen, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Installing and Maintaining a Home Solar Electric System | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Installing and Maintaining a Home Solar Electric System Installing and Maintaining a Home Solar Electric System Installing and Maintaining a Home Solar Electric System July 2, 2012 - 8:21pm Addthis When choosing a contractor, ask about their work record, experience, and licenses, and get more than one bid for the installation of your PV system. | Photo courtesy of Dennis Schroeder, NREL. When choosing a contractor, ask about their work record, experience, and licenses, and get more than one bid for the installation of your PV system. | Photo courtesy of Dennis Schroeder, NREL. How does it work? Making sure your home solar electric or PV system is sized, sited, and installed correctly is essential for maximizing its energy performance. As with any mechanical or electrical appliance, PV systems require routine, periodic maintenance.

80

Installing and Maintaining a Home Solar Electric System | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Installing and Maintaining a Home Solar Electric System Installing and Maintaining a Home Solar Electric System Installing and Maintaining a Home Solar Electric System July 2, 2012 - 8:21pm Addthis When choosing a contractor, ask about their work record, experience, and licenses, and get more than one bid for the installation of your PV system. | Photo courtesy of Dennis Schroeder, NREL. When choosing a contractor, ask about their work record, experience, and licenses, and get more than one bid for the installation of your PV system. | Photo courtesy of Dennis Schroeder, NREL. How does it work? Making sure your home solar electric or PV system is sized, sited, and installed correctly is essential for maximizing its energy performance. As with any mechanical or electrical appliance, PV systems require routine, periodic maintenance.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

EWEB - Solar Electric Program (Rebate) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EWEB - Solar Electric Program (Rebate) EWEB - Solar Electric Program (Rebate) EWEB - Solar Electric Program (Rebate) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate Residential net-metered systems: $6,000; Commercial net-metered systems: 20,000 Program Info Start Date 1/25/2008 State Oregon Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Residential net-metered systems: $1.70/W-AC; Commercial net-metered systems: 1.00/W-AC Provider Eugene Water and Electric Board '''''Note: EWEB is no longer accepting applications for 2012 incentives. Information regarding 2013 incentives will be available in late December 2012 on the program web site. '''''

82

Protection of Solar Electric Car DC Motor with PIC Controller  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electric car may represent new opportunities for any country and its electric utilities. Widespread use of electric cars can reduce ... can be accomplished to a large extent during utility off-peak hours, ele...

Ahmed M. A. Haidar; Ramdan Razali; Ahmed Abdalla

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Constitution of the MIT Solar Electric Vehicle Team We, the workers of the Solar Electric Vehicle Team, in order to form a more  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Constitution of the MIT Solar Electric Vehicle Team 1 PURPOSE We, the workers of the Solar Electric the blessings of fast Solar Cars to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the Solar Electric Vehicle Team of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (henceforth "TFP"). 2

Williams, Brian C.

84

The Center for Interface Science: Solar Electric Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Center for Interface Science: Solar Electric Materials Chemistry and Biochemistry alumni, on page 6, is written by Dr. Neal Armstrong, Director of the UA Center for Interface Science: Solar | teaches chemistry as a part-time in- structor at Central New Mexico Community College. Anne Simon | Ph

Ziurys, Lucy M.

85

Ecosystem Solar Electric Corp aka Solar MW Energy Inc | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Electric Corp aka Solar MW Energy Inc Solar Electric Corp aka Solar MW Energy Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Ecosystem Solar Electric Corp, aka Solar MW Energy Inc Place Ontario, California Zip 91761 Product Plans to develop STEG plants in the Mojave desert. Coordinates 34.06457°, -117.647809° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.06457,"lon":-117.647809,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

86

AET Solar formerly solar division of GGAM Electrical Services | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar formerly solar division of GGAM Electrical Services Solar formerly solar division of GGAM Electrical Services Jump to: navigation, search Name AET Solar (formerly solar division of GGAM Electrical Services) Place Limassol, Cyprus Product Cypriot subsidiary of AET. Coordinates 34.683338°, 33.051109° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.683338,"lon":33.051109,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

87

Sandia National Laboratories: solar thermal electric technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plan Webinar Wednesday, Jan. 14 Sandian Presents on PV Failure Analysis at European PV Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition (EU PVSC) EC Top Publications Design and Analysis...

88

Sandia National Laboratories: Solar Electric Propulsion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plan Webinar Wednesday, Jan. 14 Sandian Presents on PV Failure Analysis at European PV Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition (EU PVSC) EC Top Publications Design and Analysis...

89

A solar array module fabrication process for HALE solar electric UAVs  

SciTech Connect

We describe a fabrication process to manufacture high power to weight ratio flexible solar array modules for use on high altitude long endurance (HALE) solar electric unmanned air vehicles (UAVs). A span-loaded flying wing vehicle, known as the RAPTOR Pathfinder, is being employed as a flying test bed to expand the envelope of solar powered flight to high altitudes. It requires multiple light weight flexible solar array modules able to endure adverse environmental conditions. At high altitudes the solar UV flux is significantly enhanced relative to sea level, and extreme thermal variations occur. Our process involves first electrically interconnecting solar cells into an array followed by laminating them between top and bottom laminated layers into a solar array module. After careful evaluation of candidate polymers, fluoropolymer materials have been selected as the array laminate layers because of their inherent abilities to withstand the hostile conditions imposed by the environment.

Carey, P.G.; Aceves, R.C.; Colella, N.J.; Thompson, J.B.; Williams, K.A.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Approaches To Integrating A HIgh Penertration Of Solar PV and CPV Onto The Electrical Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FERC) and the National Electrical Regulatory Corporation (Of Solar PV and CPV Onto The Electrical Grid By Steven Craig24 Electrical,Controls&

Hill, Steven Craig

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

SEPCO - Solar Electric Power Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SEPCO - Solar Electric Power Company SEPCO - Solar Electric Power Company Jump to: navigation, search Logo: SEPCO - Solar Electric Power Company Name SEPCO - Solar Electric Power Company Address 1521 SE Palm Court Place Stuart, Florida Zip 34994 Sector Solar Product Commercial Solar Lighting & Off Grid Solar Power Systems Year founded 1994 Number of employees 11-50 Company Type For Profit Phone number 772-220-6615 Website http://www.sepco-solarlighting Coordinates 27.170937°, -80.232438° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":27.170937,"lon":-80.232438,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

92

Treatment of Solar Generation in Electric Utility Resource Planning  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Treatment of Solar Generation Treatment of Solar Generation in Electric Utility Resource Planning John Sterling Solar Electric Power Association Joyce McLaren National Renewable Energy Laboratory Mike Taylor Solar Electric Power Association Karlynn Cory National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-60047 October 2013 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.gov/publications. Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, CO 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov

93

Solar thermal power plants for the Spanish electricity market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar thermal power plants are at present the cheapest technology for solar electricity production. At good sites Levelised Electricity Costs (LEC) of 11 Ct/kWh have been achieved in commercially operated power plants. Economy of scale and further technical improvements will reduce the LEC for future projects. On the 27th of March 2004 in Spain the existing feed-in-law has been modified in order to support the erection of solar thermal power plants and thus make use of the huge solar potential of Spain. A payment of approx. 21 Ct/kWh, guaranteed for the first 25 years of operation, makes the erection and operation of solar thermal power plants very profitable for possible investors on the Spanish peninsula. This paper will present the present situation in Spain and the planned power plant projects. For one specific project the set-up is presented in more detail.

M. Eck; F. Rueda; S. Kronshage; C. Schillings; F. Trieb; E. Zarza

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Salem Electric- Solar Water Heater Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Salem Electric residential customers with electric water heating are eligible for a $600 rebate through Salem's Bright Way program. A program brochure with details is available on the program...

95

Supplementing Electrical Power Through Solar PV Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dhaka megacity is home to more than 14 million inhabitants. However, the adequate supply of urban utilities, particularly electricity to city dwellers, has ... supply in Dhaka, electricity generation through roof...

Md. Humayun Kabir; Wilfried Endlicher

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Own Your Power! A Consumer Guide to Solar Electricity for the Home (Brochure)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Consumer Guide to Solar Electricity for the Home Consumer Guide to Solar Electricity for the Home Own Your Power! Contents Benefits of Solar Electricity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Solar Electricity Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Types of Solar Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Types of Solar Electric Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Power Produced by a Solar Electric System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 How To Choose a System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Roof Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Installation and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Costs and Financial Incentives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Purchasing Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Financing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 About this guide: The U .S . Department of Energy (DOE) receives numerous inquiries each year

97

Converting Solar Radiation to Electric Power in Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The generation of electric power for supplying the populations of large cities is effected at an elevated cost, given that this cost does not include solely the price of generating the electric power itself, i...

Antonio Jimenez Gonzalez; Aaron Sanchez-Juarez

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Electric District No. 3- Solar Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Electric District No. 3 of Pinal County (ED3) provides incentives for their residential and business customers to invest in photovoltaics (PV). Residential and commercial customers installing PV...

99

Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc- Solar Thermal Loans  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Clay Electric Cooperative (CEC), a Touchstone Energy Cooperative, covers 14 counties in northern Florida, including Gainesville, Keystone Heights, Lake City, Orange Park, Palatka, and Salt Springs....

100

Qinghai Solar Energy Electric Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Energy Electric Co Ltd Solar Energy Electric Co Ltd Place Xining, Qinghai Province, China Zip 810008 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product A high-tech company providing project research, construction implementation and product trade specializing in developing energy saving products in solar and wind energy. Coordinates 36.62439°, 101.777443° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.62439,"lon":101.777443,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Analysis of International Policies In The Solar Electricity Sector: Lessons for India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of solar cells and PV systems, as well as future technology.solar PV installation and PV cell production Figure 8: Electricity generation by technology

Deshmukh, Ranjit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Geometry of tower-type solar electric station heliostat field  

SciTech Connect

A general method is presented for calculating the angular positions of an arbitrary heliostat at an arbitrary position in a heliostat field surrounding a tower-type solar electric station as a function of solar position. A system of angular coordinates is used which rotates with the solar azimuth direction around the collecting tower, resulting in an expression for the proper orientation of heliostat mirrors that is independent of local latitude, solar declination and time of day. The lines on the horizontal plane of the heliostat field characterized by the same values of the angles governing the horizontal inclination of the corresponding heliostat for a given solar elevation form two families of hyperbolas with vertexes facing the center of the field. Such isoline drawings constructed from the calculations may be used to determine the limiting values of the heliostat angles during the daily and seasonal course of operation of the heliostat facility.

Tepliakov, D.I.; Aparisi, R.R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Heat extraction from a large solar pond  

SciTech Connect

The largest operational, salt-gradient solar pond in the United States, occupying 2000 m/sup 2/, was constructed during 1978 in Miamisburg, Ohio. The heat from this solar pond, nearly 1055 GJ/y (1000 million Btu/y) is used to heat an outdoor swimming pool in the summer and an adjacent recreation building during part of the winter. A new heat exchanger system has been installed externally to the pond and operated successfully to deliver 391 GJ (371 million Btu) of heat during May-June. Hot brine water is drawn through a diffuser by a self-priming pump fabricated from fiberglass reinforced plastic. The brine water passes through copper-10% nickel tubes of a tube-and-shell heat exchanger and is then returned to the bottom of the pond. Cooling water from the swimming pool circulates through the shell side of the heat exchanger. Several designs and flow velocities of the brine inlet and outlet diffusers into the pond have been tested in order to minimize the effect of turbulence upon the salt gradient zone.

Wittenberg, L.J.; Etter, D.E.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Geospatial Optimization of Siting Large-Scale Solar Projects  

SciTech Connect

Recent policy and economic conditions have encouraged a renewed interest in developing large-scale solar projects in the U.S. Southwest. However, siting large-scale solar projects is complex. In addition to the quality of the solar resource, solar developers must take into consideration many environmental, social, and economic factors when evaluating a potential site. This report describes a proof-of-concept, Web-based Geographical Information Systems (GIS) tool that evaluates multiple user-defined criteria in an optimization algorithm to inform discussions and decisions regarding the locations of utility-scale solar projects. Existing siting recommendations for large-scale solar projects from governmental and non-governmental organizations are not consistent with each other, are often not transparent in methods, and do not take into consideration the differing priorities of stakeholders. The siting assistance GIS tool we have developed improves upon the existing siting guidelines by being user-driven, transparent, interactive, capable of incorporating multiple criteria, and flexible. This work provides the foundation for a dynamic siting assistance tool that can greatly facilitate siting decisions among multiple stakeholders.

Macknick, J.; Quinby, T.; Caulfield, E.; Gerritsen, M.; Diffendorfer, J.; Haines, S.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Solar electricity prospects in Oman using GIS-based solar radiation maps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses solar power prospects in Oman. First, the geographic and topographic information about Oman are presented. The methodology of producing solar radiation maps using GIS tools is then discussed. The results obtained show very high potential of solar radiation over all the lands of Oman during the whole year. A slope analysis has allowed calculating the yearly electricity generation potential for different Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) technologies such as the parabolic trough, parabolic dish, tower, and concentrated PV. For instance if only 10% of the land of Oman with a slope less than 1% is considered an exploitable land for the parabolic trough CSP technology, then the total calculated potential of yearly electricity generation would be about 7.6 millionGWh, which is many multiples of (680 times) the current generation supply in Oman which was about 11,189GWh in 2007.

Adel Gastli; Yassine Charabi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

ELEG620: Solar Electric Systems University of Delaware Spring 2008 1 University of Delaware  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

obtained as an approximation to your design load, using 200Ws of solar panels. Existing loads which we haveELEG620: Solar Electric Systems University of Delaware Spring 2008 1 University of Delaware Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering ELEG620: Solar Electric Systems Photovoltaic System Design

Honsberg, Christiana

107

Stirling Engines for Low-Temperature Solar-Thermal-Electric Power Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stirling Engines for Low-Temperature Solar-Thermal- Electric Power Generation Artin Der Minassians-Temperature Solar-Thermal-Electric Power Generation by Artin Der Minassians Karshenasi (Amirkabir University-Temperature Solar-Thermal-Electric Power Generation Copyright c 2007 by Artin Der Minassians #12;1 Abstract Stirling

Sanders, Seth

108

National Grid (Electric) - Large Commercial Energy Efficiency Incentive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Grid (Electric) - Large Commercial Energy Efficiency National Grid (Electric) - Large Commercial Energy Efficiency Incentive Programs National Grid (Electric) - Large Commercial Energy Efficiency Incentive Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Retail Supplier Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Custom Incentives: 50% of engineering studies and total costs until project reaches a 1.5 year simple payback. Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Schools and New Buildings Custom Incentives: 75% of additional cost for efficiency upgrades AC/Heat Pumps: $30 - $125/ton

109

Analysis of International Policies In The Solar Electricity Sector: Lessons for India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

scale solar capacity being announced, mainly in Californiasolar capacity installation has largely been dominated by California.

Deshmukh, Ranjit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Homeowners Guide to Financing a Grid-Connected Solar Electric System (Brochure), Solar Energy Technologies Program (SETP)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This guide provides an overview of the financing options that may be available to homeowners who are considering installing a solar electric system on their house.

111

Large Power Transformers and the U.S. Electric Grid  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Infrastructure Security and Energy Restoration Infrastructure Security and Energy Restoration Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability U.S. Department of Energy LARGE POWER TRANSFORMERS AND THE U.S. ELECTRIC GRID Large Power Transformers and the U.S. Electric Grid i This page intentionally left blank. Large Power Transformers and the U.S. Electric Grid DOE / OE / ISER June 2012 ii FOR FURTHER INFORMATION This report was prepared by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability under the direction of Patricia Hoffman, Assistant Secretary, and William Bryan, Deputy Assistant Secretary. Specific questions about information in this report may be directed to Dr. Kenneth Friedman, Senior Policy Advisor (kenneth.friedman@hq.doe.gov). Tiffany Y. Choi of ICF International contributed to this report.

112

CDCA Final EIS for Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CALIFORNIA DESERT CONSERVATION AREA PLAN CALIFORNIA DESERT CONSERVATION AREA PLAN AMENDMENT / FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT FOR IVANPAH SOLAR ELECTRIC GENERATING SYSTEM FEIS-10-31 JULY 2010 BLM/CA/ES-2010-010+1793 In Reply Refer To: In reply refer to: 1610-5.G.1.4 2800lCACA-48668 Dear Reader: Enclosed is the proposed California Desert Conservation Area Plan Amendment and Final Environmental Impact Statement (CDCA Plan Amendment/FEIS) for the Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System (ISEGS) project. The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) prepared the CDCA Plan Amendment/FEIS for the ISEGS project in consultation with cooperating agencies and California State agencies, taking into account public comments received during the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process. The proposed plan amendment adds the Ivanpah

113

A large solar/heat?driven thermoacoustic cooler  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on the success of an earlier solar?powered thermoacoustics prime mover which used a direct?illumination stack and no hot?side heat exchanger [Chen and Garrett Proc. 16th Int. Cong. Acoust. Vol. II 813814 (1998)] a large solar/heat?driven thermoacoustic cooler was designed and fabricated. Target cooling powers of 10 to 60 W over a 25?deg temperature span were based on a thermal input power of 150 to 600 W. To concentrate the required amount of solar power on an 11?cm?diameter ceramic stack a 10?ft diameter fiberglass parabolic dish used for satellite TV has been converted by gluing aluminized MylarTM on its surface over a 2?m diameter. A two?axis coordinated solar tracking system driven by two computer?controlled motors has produced the required 600 W of solar power to illuminate the hot side of the stack for a maximum of 3 h. Measured performance of the solar refrigerator will be compared to DE L T AE models. [Work supported by the Office of Naval Research.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Evaluation of distributed building thermal energy storage in conjunction with wind and solar electric power generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Energy storage is often seen as necessary for the electric utility systems with large amounts of solar or wind power generation to compensate for the inability to schedule these facilities to match power demand. This study looks at the potential to use building thermal energy storage as a load shifting technology rather than traditional electric energy storage. Analyses are conducted using hourly electric load, temperature, wind speed, and solar radiation data for a 5-state central U.S. region in conjunction with simple computer simulations and economic models to evaluate the economic benefit of distributed building thermal energy storage (TES). The value of the TES is investigated as wind and solar power generation penetration increases. In addition, building side and smart grid enabled utility side storage management strategies are explored and compared. For a relative point of comparison, batteries are simulated and compared to TES. It is found that cooling TES value remains approximately constant as wind penetration increases, but generally decreases with increasing solar penetration. It is also clearly shown that the storage management strategy is vitally important to the economic value of TES; utility side operating methods perform with at least 75% greater value as compared to building side management strategies. In addition, TES compares fairly well against batteries, obtaining nearly 90% of the battery value in the base case; this result is significant considering TES can only impact building thermal loads, whereas batteries can impact any electrical load. Surprisingly, the value of energy storage does not increase substantially with increased wind and solar penetration and in some cases it decreases. This result is true for both TES and batteries and suggests that the tie between load shifting energy storage and renewable electric power generation may not be nearly as strong as typically thought.

Byron W. Jones; Robert Powell

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Conversion Tower for Dispatchable Solar Power: High-Efficiency Solar-Electric Conversion Power Tower  

SciTech Connect

HEATS Project: Abengoa Solar is developing a high-efficiency solar-electric conversion tower to enable low-cost, fully dispatchable solar energy generation. Abengoas conversion tower utilizes new system architecture and a two-phase thermal energy storage media with an efficient supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2) power cycle. The company is using a high-temperature heat-transfer fluid with a phase change in between its hot and cold operating temperature. The fluid serves as a heat storage material and is cheaper and more efficient than conventional heat-storage materials, like molten salt. It also allows the use of a high heat flux solar receiver, advanced high thermal energy density storage, and more efficient power cycles.

None

2012-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

116

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Production of Solar Photovoltaic Cells, Center for theconcerns is solar photovoltaic cells (PVs), which captureProduction of Solar Photovoltaic Cells Solar PV cells

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Environmental Impacts From the Installation and Operation of Large-scale Solar Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

Large-scale solar power plants are being developed at a rapid rate, and are setting up to use thousands or millions of acres of land globally. The environmental issues related to the installation and operation phases of such facilities have not, so far, been addressed comprehensively in the literature. Here we identify and appraise 32 impacts from these phases, under the themes of land use intensity, human health and well-being, plant and animal life, geohydrological resources, and climate change. Our appraisals assume that electricity generated by new solar power facilities will displace electricity from traditional U.S. generation technologies. Altogether we find 22 of the considered 32 impacts to be beneficial. Of the remaining 10 impacts, 4 are neutral, and 6 require further research before they can be appraised. None of the impacts are negative relative to traditional power generation. We rank the impacts in terms of priority, and find all the high-priority impacts to be beneficial. In quantitative terms, large-scale solar power plants occupy the same or less land per kW h than coal power plant life cycles. Removal of forests to make space for solar power causes CO{sub 2} emissions as high as 36 g CO{sub 2} kW h{sup -1}, which is a significant contribution to the life cycle CO{sub 2} emissions of solar power, but is still low compared to CO{sub 2} emissions from coal-based electricity that are about 1100 g CO{sub 2} kW h{sup -1}.

Fthenakis, V.; Turney, Damon

2011-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

118

Front contact solar cell with formed electrically conducting layers on the front side and backside  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bipolar solar cell includes a backside junction formed by a silicon substrate and a first doped layer of a first dopant type on the backside of the solar cell. A second doped layer of a second dopant type makes an electrical connection to the substrate from the front side of the solar cell. A first metal contact of a first electrical polarity electrically connects to the first doped layer on the backside of the solar cell, and a second metal contact of a second electrical polarity electrically connects to the second doped layer on the front side of the solar cell. An external electrical circuit may be electrically connected to the first and second metal contacts to be powered by the solar cell.

Cousins, Peter John

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

119

Solar Electric Generating System II finite element analysis  

SciTech Connect

On June 2, 1992, Landers` earthquake struck the Solar Electric Generating System II, located in Daggett, California. The 30 megawatt power station, operated by the Daggett Leasing Corporation (DLC), suffered substantial damage due to structural failures in the solar farm. These failures consisted of the separation of sliding joints supporting a distribution of parabolic glass mirrors. At separation, the mirrors fell to the ground and broke. It was the desire of the DLC and the Solar Thermal Design Assistance Center (STDAC) of Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and to redesign these joints so that, in the event of future quakes, costly breakage will be avoided. To accomplish this task, drawings of collector components were developed by the STDAC, from which a detailed finite element computer model of a solar collector was produced. This nonlinear dynamic model, which consisted of over 8,560 degrees of freedom, underwent model reduction to form a low order nonlinear dynamic model containing only 40 degrees of freedom. This model was then used as a design tool to estimate joint dynamics. Using this design tool, joint configurations were modified, and an acceptable joint redesign determined. The results of this analysis showed that the implementation of metal stops welded to support shafts for the purpose of preventing joint separation is a suitable joint redesign. Moreover, it was found that, for quakes of Landers` magnitude, mirror breakage due to enhanced vibration in the trough assembly is unlikely.

Dohner, J.L.; Anderson, J.R.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

An Improved MPPT Interleaved Boost Converter for Solar Electric Vehicle Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

during transient and instantaneous peak power demands of an electric vehicle (EV) and to recover energyAn Improved MPPT Interleaved Boost Converter for Solar Electric Vehicle Application F. Khoucha, A and lower device stress than conventional designs, for solar electric vehicle (SEV) applications

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

2010MIT SOLAR ELECTRIC VEHICLE TEAM A MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010MIT SOLAR ELECTRIC VEHICLE TEAM #12;A MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT President Hockfield poses with SEVT members at an outreach event ONE #12;The MIT Solar Electric Vehicle Team (SEVT) is a student electric vehicles through international participation and competition. Give our sponsors publicity through

122

S/EV 91: Solar and electric vehicle symposium, car and trade show. Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

These proceedings cover the fundamentals of electric vehicles. Papers on the design, testing and performance of the power supplies, drive trains, and bodies of solar and non-solar powered electric vehicles are presented. Results from demonstrations and races are described. Public policy on the economics and environmental impacts of using electric powered vehicles is also presented.

Not Available

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

123

Solar energy for heat and electricity: the potential for mitigating climate change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar energy for heat and electricity: the potential for mitigating climate change Dr N.J. Eki that powers the Earth's climate and ecosystem. Harnessing this energy for hot water and electrical power could electricity. solar hot water systems could be used to supply up to 70% of household hot water in the UK

124

Analysis of International Policies In The Solar Electricity Sector: Lessons for India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Market Value and Cost ofSolar Photovoltaic ElectricityCosts Capacities, Global Perspectives through 2012, Bernreuter Research, Photovoltaicto the cost of solar power. 5 European Photovoltaic Industry

Deshmukh, Ranjit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Approaches To Integrating A HIgh Penertration Of Solar PV and CPV Onto The Electrical Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the DC electric energy from the solar panels or modules intosolar energy available is subject to change with irradiance, temperature, and aging of PV panelsrooftop solar panels. While the renewable energy PV

Hill, Steven Craig

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Comparing solar PV (photovoltaic) with coal-fired electricity production in the centralized network of South Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract South Africa has a highly centralized network, in which almost all electricity is produced in Mpumalanga and transmitted throughout South Africa. In the case of the Western Cape, electricity has to be transmitted over 8001370km. This generates losses and entails high transmission costs. Investments in additional production and transmission capacity are needed to cope with the growing demand. Although there is a large potential for solar energy in South Africa, investments are lacking while large investments in new coal-fired power plants are being executed. These coal power plants do not only increase the need for heavier transmission infrastructure, but also have a higher CO2 emission level and a higher pressure on water reserves. This paper performs a more comprehensive cost-analysis between solar energy production and coal production facilities, to make a more elaborate picture of which technologies are more plausible to foresee in the growing demand of electricity. The current centralized electricity infrastructure makes the investment in large production facilities more likely. However, it should be questioned if the investment in large centralized solar parks will be more beneficial than the investments by consumers in smaller solar PV facilities on site.

R.A.F. de Groot; V.G. van der Veen; A.B. Sebitosi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

El Paso Electric Company - Solar PV Pilot Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

El Paso Electric Company - Solar PV Pilot Program El Paso Electric Company - Solar PV Pilot Program El Paso Electric Company - Solar PV Pilot Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Fed. Government Industrial Installer/Contractor Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate Residential: $7,500 Non-Residential: $50,000 Per Customer with Multiple Projects: 25% of 2013 incentive budget Per Service Provider with Multiple Projects: 50% of 2013 incentive budget in each category Program Info Start Date March 2010 State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Residential: $0.75/W DC Non-Residential: $1.00/W DC Provider El Paso Electric Solar PV Pilot Program '''''El Paso Electric's 2013 Solar PV Rebate program will reopen at 12:00

128

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in crystalline silicon solar technologies have occurred overthe current solar PV technology, even after adjusting forde?cit of the current solar PV technology with the potential

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shannon Moynahan, The California Solar Initiative TriumphRates Undermine Californias Solar Photovoltaic Subsidies? to the fact that solar PV in California has not been focused

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Solar Real-Time Pricing: Is Real-Time Electricity Pricing Beneficial to Solar PV in New York City?  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The goal of this study is to evaluate the validity of the following statement: the coincidence of high electric energy prices and peak solar electric photovoltaic (PV) output can improve the economics of PV installations, and can also facilitate the wider use of hourly pricing. The study is focused on Con Edison electric service territory in New York City.

131

Homeowners Guide to Financing a Grid-Connected Solar Electric System (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This guide provides an overview of the financing options that may be available to homeowners who are considering installing a solar electric system on their house.

Not Available

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Getting More Electricity out of Solar Cells | U.S. DOE Office...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Getting More Electricity out of Solar Cells Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News Stories of Discovery &...

133

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

13 2.2.2. Solar Thermal Versus Photovoltaic ....doi:10.1038/nmat2090. 17. Solar Thermal Technology on anFigure 2.5: An eSolar solar thermal system in Burbank,

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Solar-Assisted Electric Vehicle Charging Station Interim Report  

SciTech Connect

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been awarded $6.8 million in the Department of Energy (DOE) American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funds as part of an overall $114.8 million ECOtality grant with matching funds from regional partners to install 125 solar-assisted Electric Vehicle (EV) charging stations across Knoxville, Nashville, Chattanooga, and Memphis. Significant progress has been made toward completing the scope with the installation of 25 solar-assisted charging stations at ORNL; six stations at Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI); and 27 stations at Nissan's Smyrna and Franklin sites, with three more stations under construction at Nissan's new lithium-ion battery plant. Additionally, the procurement process for contracting the installation of 34 stations at Knoxville, the University of Tennessee Knoxville (UTK), and Nashville sites is underway with completion of installation scheduled for early 2012. Progress is also being made on finalizing sites and beginning installations of 30 stations in Nashville, Chattanooga, and Memphis by EPRI and Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). The solar-assisted EV charging station project has made great strides in fiscal year 2011. A total of 58 solar-assisted EV parking spaces have been commissioned in East and Middle Tennessee, and progress on installing the remaining 67 spaces is well underway. The contract for the 34 stations planned for Knoxville, UTK, and Nashville should be underway in October with completion scheduled for the end of March 2012; the remaining three Nissan stations are under construction and scheduled to be complete in November; and the EPRI/TVA stations for Chattanooga, Vanderbilt, and Memphis are underway and should be complete by the end of March 2012. As additional Nissan LEAFs are being delivered, usage of the charging stations has increased substantially. The project is on course to complete all 125 solar-assisted EV charging stations in time to collect meaningful data by the end of government fiscal year 2012. Lessons learned from the sites completed thus far are being incorporated and are proving to be invaluable in completion of the remaining sites.

Lapsa, Melissa Voss [ORNL; Durfee, Norman [ORNL; Maxey, L Curt [ORNL; Overbey, Randall M [ORNL

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

The role of hydroelectric generation in electric power systems with large scale wind generation .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An increasing awareness of the operational challenges created by intermittent generation of electricity from policy-mandated renewable resources, such as wind and solar, has led to (more)

Hagerty, John Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Mikroproduktion av solel i flerfamiljshus; Micro production of solar electricity in multi-family buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis is commissioned by the Swedish electricity trading company GodEl with the purpose of evaluate solar electricity in multi-family buildings in the Stockholm (more)

Werner, Linus

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Multi-objective-optimization-based approach to improve the electrical efficiency for organic solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, new electrical scheme modeling and optimization approaches are proposed to improve the conversion efficiency of the organic solar cells. The electrical parameters such as shunt resistance ... Regio...

A. Maoucha; F. Djeffal

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

The Long Wavelength Array (LWA): A Large HF/VHF Array for Solar Physics, Ionospheric Science, and Solar Radar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Long Wavelength Array (LWA): A Large HF/VHF Array for Solar Physics, Ionospheric Science, and Solar Radar Namir E. Kassim Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 Stephen M. White AFRL will be a powerful tool for solar physics and space weather investigations, through its ability to characterize

Ellingson, Steven W.

139

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2009-Solar Photovoltaic and solar  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Solar Photovoltaic and Solar Thermal Electric Technologies Solar Photovoltaic and Solar Thermal Electric Technologies International Energy Outlook 2009 Solar Photovoltaic and Solar Thermal Electric Technologies Solar power is one of the fastest-growing sources of renewable energy worldwide. Many nations, concerned about the environmental impacts of electricity generation from fossil fuels or from large-scale hydroelectric plants, have been turning to solar power as an environmentally benign alternative. The solar energy that reaches the earth can be harnessed to generate electric power, and the potential for large-scale applications of solar power has improved markedly in recent years. Two solar power technologies—solar photovoltaic and solar thermal—are widely employed today, and their use is likely to increase in the future.

140

San Diego Solar Panels Generate Clean Electricity Along with Clean Water |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Diego Solar Panels Generate Clean Electricity Along with Clean Diego Solar Panels Generate Clean Electricity Along with Clean Water San Diego Solar Panels Generate Clean Electricity Along with Clean Water May 26, 2010 - 12:11pm Addthis San Diego’s Otay Water Treatment Plant is generating clean electricity along with clean water, with a total capacity of 945 KW | Photo courtesy of SunEdison San Diego's Otay Water Treatment Plant is generating clean electricity along with clean water, with a total capacity of 945 KW | Photo courtesy of SunEdison Just north of the U.S.-Mexican border, San Diego's Otay Water Treatment Plant processes up to 34 million gallons of water a day. Thanks to the city's ambitious solar energy program, the facility may soon be able to do that with net zero electricity consumption. In early April, workers activated a 945-kW solar photovoltaic (PV) energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Wireless electricity (Power) transmission using solar based power satellite technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the near future due to extensive use of energy, limited supply of resources and the pollution in environment from present resources e.g. (wood, coal, fossil fuel) etc, alternative sources of energy and new ways to generate energy which are efficient, cost effective and produce minimum losses are of great concern. Wireless electricity (Power) transmission (WET) has become a focal point as research point of view and nowadays lies at top 10 future hot burning technologies that are under research these days. In this paper, we present the concept of transmitting power wirelessly to reduce transmission and distribution losses. The wired distribution losses are 70 75% efficient. We cannot imagine the world without electric power which is efficient, cost effective and produce minimum losses is of great concern. This paper tells us the benefits of using WET technology specially by using Solar based Power satellites (SBPS) and also focuses that how we make electric system cost effective, optimized and well organized. Moreover, attempts are made to highlight future issues so as to index some emerging solutions.

M Maqsood; M Nauman Nasir

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Electricity Monthly Update - Energy Information Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

gigawatthours largely because of the recent, rapid growth in photovoltaic capacity. Solar electricity output in June is a good indicator of the recent growth of the solar...

143

Coupled optical and electrical modeling of solar cell based on conical pore silicon photonic crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coupled optical and electrical modeling of solar cell based on conical pore silicon photonic://jap.aip.org/authors #12;Coupled optical and electrical modeling of solar cell based on conical pore silicon photonic, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A7, Canada (Received 25 March 2013; accepted 27 May 2013

John, Sajeev

144

Particle acceleration and radiation by direct electric fields in flaring complex solar active regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to connect the energy re- lease process with the acceleration of electrons in solar flares, using a CA modelParticle acceleration and radiation by direct electric fields in flaring complex solar active-Meudon, 92195 Meudon Cedex, FRANCE Abstract The acceleration and radiation of solar energetic particles

Anastasiadis, Anastasios

145

Considerations Related to Connecting Solar Generating Facilities to the Electrical Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Considerations Related to Connecting Solar Generating Facilities to the Electrical Grid March 2011 voltages are nominally 4.5kv and 13 2kv The solar system must maintain voltageand 13.2kv. The solar system) or multiple sites (multiple leases, interconnect points, construction forces) Ground based, roof top (weight

Homes, Christopher C.

146

Solar Storm Risks for Maine and the New England Electric Grid,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Storm Risks for Maine and the New England Electric Grid, and Potential Protective Measures.resilientsocieties.org #12;1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY A severe solar storm--a historical example being the Carrington Event of 1859 of the eastern United States. Severe solar storms--of the intensity of the 1921 New York Central Storm

Schrijver, Karel

147

INTEGRATION OF HELIOCLIM-1 DATABASE INTO PV-GIS TO ESTIMATE SOLAR ELECTRICITY POTENTIAL IN AFRICA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTEGRATION OF HELIOCLIM-1 DATABASE INTO PV-GIS TO ESTIMATE SOLAR ELECTRICITY POTENTIAL IN AFRICA T, the proper configuration of a PV system depends on the knowledge of solar resource, which, although generally service. The PV-GIS approach makes it possible to enhance the spatial resolution of the solar radiation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

148

Department of Electrical Engineering Spring 2011 Automated Solar Tracking Photovoltaic Array  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

system to align a solar panel toward the sun throughout the day while capable of charging USB devices to manufacture a portable, lightweight solar panel which will maximize efficiency for outdoor enthusiastsPENNSTATE Department of Electrical Engineering Spring 2011 Automated Solar Tracking Photovoltaic

Demirel, Melik C.

149

2007 IEEE Canada Electrical Power Conference Solar Photovoltaic Array's Shadow Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007 IEEE Canada Electrical Power Conference Solar Photovoltaic Array's Shadow Evaluation Using whether the maximum output power of the solar photovoltaic arrays under the system is sufficiently cost to include the effects of shadowing on solar PV the multilayer perceptrons feed forward network and the back

Lehman, Brad

150

Overview and Challenges of Thin Film Solar Electric Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Challenges of Thin and Challenges of Thin Film Solar Electric Technologies H.S. Ullal Presented at the World Renewable Energy Congress X and Exhibition 2008 Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom July 19-25, 2008 Conference Paper NREL/CP-520-43355 December 2008 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (ASE), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and ASE retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any

151

A review of the solar city concept and methods to assess rooftop solar electric potential, with an illustrative application to the city of Seoul  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A review of the solar city concept and methods to assess rooftop solar electric potential Nam Kim b a Center for Energy and Environmental Policy (CEEP), 278 Graham Hall, University of Delaware 2014 Keywords: Solar city Photovoltaics Built environment Solar energy Peak shaving Urban solar

Delaware, University of

152

Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Residential Solar and Wind Electricity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Residential Solar and Wind Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Residential Solar and Wind Electricity Sales (Maryland) Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Residential Solar and Wind Electricity Sales (Maryland) < Back Eligibility General Public/Consumer Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Maximum Rebate None Program Info Start Date 07/01/2011 State Maryland Program Type Sales Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% exemption from sales and use tax Provider Revenue Administration Center In May 2011 Maryland enacted legislation providing a sales and use tax exemption for sales of electricity from qualifying solar energy and residential wind energy equipment to residential customers. In order to qualify for the exemption, the sale of electricity must be for residential

153

New Hampshire Electric Co-Op - Solar Hot Water | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Hampshire Electric Co-Op - Solar Hot Water New Hampshire Electric Co-Op - Solar Hot Water New Hampshire Electric Co-Op - Solar Hot Water < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Maximum Rebate $1,500 Program Info State New Hampshire Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount 20% of installed costs Provider New Hampshire Electric Co-Op New Hampshire Electric Co-Op (NHEC) offers rebates to residential customers who install qualified solar water-heating systems. The rebate is equal to 20% of installed system costs, with a maximum award of $1,500. Systems must be pre-approved, and installed in NHEC's service territory by a qualified installer. Program funds are available on a first-come, first-served basis. See the program web site listed above for more information, an application

154

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

constrained load pockets, solar PV policies seldom if everFor a broad-based solar PV policy, the relevant question isexogenous to the solar PV subsidy policy, then it is more

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for efficient energy production. Solar thermal plants, suchenergy production. It would require a substantial amount of land usage to install enough solar

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Pre-flight dark forward electrical testing of the Mir Cooperative Solar Array  

SciTech Connect

The Mir Cooperative Solar Array (MCSA) was developed jointly by the United States and Russia to provide approximately 6 kW of photovoltaic power to the Russian space station Mir. After final assembly in Russia, the MCSA was shipped to the NASA Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in the summer of 1995 and launched to Mir in November 1995. Program managers were concerned of the potential for MCSA damage during the transatlantic shipment and the associated handling operations. To address this concern, NASA Lewis Research Center (LeRC) developed an innovative dark-forward electrical test program to assess the gross electrical condition of each generator following shipment from Russia. The use of dark test techniques, which allow the array to remain in the stowed configuration, greatly simplifies the checkout of large area solar arrays. MCSA dark electrical testing was successfully performed at KSC in July 1995 following transatlantic shipment. Data from this testing enabled engineers to quantify the effects of potential MCSA physical damage that would degrade on-orbit electrical performance. In this paper, an overview of the principles and heritage of photovoltaic array dark testing is given. The specific MCSA dark test program is also described including the hardware, software, testing procedures and test results. The current-voltage (IV) response of both solar cell circuitry and by-pass diode circuitry was obtained. To guide the development of dark test hardware, software and procedures, a dedicated FORTRAN computer code was developed to predict the dark IV responses of generators with a variety of feasible damage modes. By comparing the actual test data with the predictions, the physical condition of the generator could be inferred. Based on this data analysis, no electrical short-circuits or open-circuits were detected. This suggested the MCSA did not sustain physical damage that affected electrical performance during handling and shipment from Russia to the US. Good agreement between the test data and computational predictions indicated MCSA electrical performance was amenable to accurate analysis and was well understood.

Kerslake, T.W.; Hoffman, D.J. [NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH (United States); Scheiman, D.A. [NYMA Setar Inc., Brookpark, OH (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

157

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Renew- ables, The Electricity Journal, Volume 14 (2001),from Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing: Bill VolatilityReal- Time Retail Electricity Pricing, Energy Journal,28(

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Large Power Transformers and the U.S. Electric Grid Report Update (April 2014)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability has released an update to its 2012 Large Power Transformers and the U.S. Electric Grid report.

159

Update to Large Power Transformers and the U.S. Electric Grid Report Now Available  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability has released an update to its 2012 Large Power Transformers and the U.S. Electric Grid report.

160

Energy Department Loan Guarantee Would Support Large-Scale Rooftop Solar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Loan Guarantee Would Support Large-Scale Rooftop Loan Guarantee Would Support Large-Scale Rooftop Solar Power for U.S. Military Housing Energy Department Loan Guarantee Would Support Large-Scale Rooftop Solar Power for U.S. Military Housing September 7, 2011 - 2:10pm Addthis Washington D.C. - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced the offer of a conditional commitment for a partial guarantee of a $344 million loan that will support the SolarStrong Project, which is expected to be a record expansion of residential rooftop solar power in the United States. Under the SolarStrong Project, SolarCity Corporation will install, own and operate up to 160,000 rooftop solar installations on as many as 124 U.S. military bases in up to 33 states. SolarCity expects the project to fund approximately 750 construction jobs over five years and 28 full time

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Wind and Solar-Electric (PV) Systems Exemption | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Wind and Solar-Electric (PV) Systems Exemption Wind and Solar-Electric (PV) Systems Exemption < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Maximum Rebate None Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount Solar: 100% exemption from real property taxes Wind: 100% exemption from real and personal property taxes Provider Minnesota Department of Commerce Minnesota excludes the value added by solar-electric (PV) systems installed after January 1, 1992 from real property taxation. In addition all real and personal property of wind-energy systems is exempt from the state's property tax.* However, the land on which a PV or wind system is located remains taxable.

162

Solar Circuitry  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Circuitry" with the Solar Powered Energy Kit Curriculum: Solar Power- (lightelectromagnetic radiation, electricity, circuitry, efficiency, energy transformation, subatomic...

163

Numerical simulation of Large Solar Hot Water system in storage tank.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research is aimed to study the storage tank design parameters effects on the efficiency of the large solar hot water system. Detailed CFD simulation (more)

Shue, Nai-Shen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Optimization and control of a large-scale solar chimney power plant.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The dissertation builds on previous research (Pretorius, 2004) and investigates the optimization and control of a large-scale solar chimney power plant. Performance results (more)

Pretorius, Johannes Petrus

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

High Efficiency Solar Cells for Large-Scale Electricity Generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The photovoltaic industry has been growing exponentially at an average rate of about 35%/year since 1979. Recently, multijunction concentrator cell efficiencies have surpassed 40%....

Kurtz, Sarah

166

Multijunction solar cells for conversion of concentrated sunlight to electricity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar-cell efficiencies have exceeded 40% in recent years. The keys to achieving these high efficiencies include: 1) use of multiple materials that span the solar spectrum, 2) growth...

Kurtz, Sarah; Geisz, John

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

A nuclear wind/solar oil-shale system for variable electricity and liquid fuels production  

SciTech Connect

The recoverable reserves of oil shale in the United States exceed the total quantity of oil produced to date worldwide. Oil shale contains no oil, rather it contains kerogen which when heated decomposes into oil, gases, and a carbon char. The energy required to heat the kerogen-containing rock to produce the oil is about a quarter of the energy value of the recovered products. If fossil fuels are burned to supply this energy, the greenhouse gas releases are large relative to producing gasoline and diesel from crude oil. The oil shale can be heated underground with steam from nuclear reactors leaving the carbon char underground - a form of carbon sequestration. Because the thermal conductivity of the oil shale is low, the heating process takes months to years. This process characteristic in a system where the reactor dominates the capital costs creates the option to operate the nuclear reactor at base load while providing variable electricity to meet peak electricity demand and heat for the shale oil at times of low electricity demand. This, in turn, may enable the large scale use of renewables such as wind and solar for electricity production because the base-load nuclear plants can provide lower-cost variable backup electricity. Nuclear shale oil may reduce the greenhouse gas releases from using gasoline and diesel in half relative to gasoline and diesel produced from conventional oil. The variable electricity replaces electricity that would have been produced by fossil plants. The carbon credits from replacing fossil fuels for variable electricity production, if assigned to shale oil production, results in a carbon footprint from burning gasoline or diesel from shale oil that may half that of conventional crude oil. The U.S. imports about 10 million barrels of oil per day at a cost of a billion dollars per day. It would require about 200 GW of high-temperature nuclear heat to recover this quantity of shale oil - about two-thirds the thermal output of existing nuclear reactors in the United States. With the added variable electricity production to enable renewables, additional nuclear capacity would be required. (authors)

Forsberg, C. [Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 012139 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Solar Energy and Electric Utilities: Should They Be Interfaced?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...right). Comparisons among solar-assisted heat pump, storage, and conventional...principal advantages of the solar-assisted heat pump are the lower temper-ature...can be used to analyze the solar-assisted heat pump design. Fig-ure 2 presents...

Joseph G. Asbury; Ronald O. Mueller

1977-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

169

S/EV 92 (Solar and Electric Vehicles): Proceedings. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

Volume I of these proceedings presents current research on solar and electric powered vehicles. Both fundamental and advanced concepts concerning electric vehicles are presented. The use of photovoltaic cells in electric vehicles and in a broader sense as a means of power generation are discussed. Information on electric powered fleets and races is included. And policy and regulations, especially pertaining to air quality and air pollution abatement are presented.

Not Available

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Performance Enhancement of a Graphene-Zinc Phosphide Solar Cell Using the Electric Field-Effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance Enhancement of a Graphene-Zinc Phosphide Solar Cell Using the Electric Field, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, United States Material Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, United States § Department of Applied Physics

Javey, Ali

171

Design of Nanostructured Solar Cells Using Coupled Optical and Electrical Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design of Nanostructured Solar Cells Using Coupled Optical and Electrical Modeling Michael G of Applied Physics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, United States Materials Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, United States

Atwater, Harry

172

Energy Department Announces $15 Million to Integrate Affordable Solar Energy into Nations Electrical Grid  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Supporting the goals of the Obama Administrations Climate Action Plan, the Energy Department today announced $15 million in available funding to help integrate distributed, on-site solar energy systems into the nations electrical grid.

173

Combined Operation of Solar Energy Source Heat Pump, Low-vale Electricity and Floor Radiant System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar energy, low-vale electricity as heat sources in a floor radiant system are analyzed. This paper presents a new heat pump system and discusses its operational modes in winter....

Liu, G.; Guo, Z.; Hu, S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Minnesota Power - Solar-Electric (PV) Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Minnesota Power - Solar-Electric (PV) Rebate Program Minnesota Power - Solar-Electric (PV) Rebate Program Minnesota Power - Solar-Electric (PV) Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate $20,000 or 60% of installed costs, including Minnesota Made, NABCEP, and Nonprofit bonuses Energy Efficiency Bonus: $5,000 or or 15% of installed costs One rebate per customer per year Program Info Start Date 2004 Expiration Date 12/31/2013 State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Base Rebate: $1,000/kilowatt DC Minnesota Made Bonus: $800/kilowatt NABCEP Bonus: $800/kilowatt Nonprofit Bonus: $500/kilowatt Energy Efficiency Bonus: $800/kilowatt Provider Minnesota Power Minnesota Power offers a rebate of $1,000 per kilowatt (kW) DC for

175

Aerosols for Concentrating Solar Electricity Production Forecasts: Requirement Quantification and ECMWF/MACC Aerosol Forecast Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The potential for transferring a larger share of our energy supply toward renewable energy is a widely discussed goal in society, economics, environment, and climate-related programs. For a larger share of electricity to come from fluctuating solar and ...

Marion Schroedter-Homscheidt; Armel Oumbe; Angela Benedetti; Jean-Jacques Morcrette

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

The role of hydroelectric generation in electric power systems with large scale wind generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An increasing awareness of the operational challenges created by intermittent generation of electricity from policy-mandated renewable resources, such as wind and solar, has led to increased scrutiny of the public policies ...

Hagerty, John Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Optical, electrical, and solar energy-conversion properties of gallium arsenide nanowire-array  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical, electrical, and solar energy-conversion properties of gallium arsenide nanowire, and will aid in the design and optimization of nanowire-based systems for solar energy-conversion applications, and the photoelectrochemical energy-conversion properties of GaAs nanowire arrays were evaluated in contact with one

Zhou, Chongwu

178

EIS-0416: Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System, San Bernardino County, California  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS analyzes DOE's decision to support a proposal from Solar Partners I, II, IV, and VIII, limited liability corporations formed by BrightSource Energy (BrightSource), to construct and operate a solar thermal electric generating facility in San Bernardino County, California on BLM Land.

179

Focused ion beam specimen preparation for electron holography of electrically biased thin film solar cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, biased TEM specimen, thin film solar cell, FIB Thin films of hydrogenated Si (Si:H) can be used as active for electron holography of a thin film solar cell using conventional lift-out specimen preparation and a homeFocused ion beam specimen preparation for electron holography of electrically biased thin film

Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

180

Photo-Ionic Cells: Two Solutions to Store Solar Energy and Generate Electricity on Demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photo-Ionic Cells: Two Solutions to Store Solar Energy and Generate Electricity on Demand ... potential of solar energy all over the world is many times larger than the current total primary energy demanded. ... The magnitudes of the free energies derived from formal potentials are detd. ...

Manuel A. Mndez; Pekka Peljo; Michel D. Scanlon; Heron Vrubel; Hubert H. Girault

2014-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Homeowners Guide to Leasing a Solar Electric System (Brochure...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 For more information on financing options, visit: http:www1.eere.energy.gov solarpdfs48969.pdf NREL's solar deployment and market transformation assist...

182

New Ulm Public Utilities- Solar Electric Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

New Ulm Public Utilities provides solar photovoltaic (PV) rebates for residential, commercial, and industrial customers. Rebates are for $1 per nameplate watt, and customers must sign a net...

183

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Volumeof Solar Photovoltaic Cells, Center for the Study of EnergyPhotovoltaic Subsidies? Center for the Study of Energy

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

High-Performance with Solar Electric Reduced Peak Demand: Premier...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Rancho Cordoba, CA More Documents & Publications High-Performance Home Technologies: Solar Thermal & Photovoltaic Systems; Volume 6 Building America Best Practices Series Zero...

185

Survey of Climate Conditions for Demonstration of a Large Scale of Solar Energy Heating in Xi'an  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-scale solar energy heating applications in urban residential buildings. In this paper, Xi'an's geographical situation and climate conditions are fully analyzed. The survey on solar energy resources, and the feasibility of solar energy heating on a large scale...

Li, A.; Liu, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Advanced Methods for Incorporating Solar Energy Technologies into Electric Sector Capacity-Expansion Models: Literature Review and Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Because solar power is a rapidly growing component of the electricity system, robust representations of solar technologies should be included in capacity-expansion models. This is a challenge because modeling the electricity system--and, in particular, modeling solar integration within that system--is a complex endeavor. This report highlights the major challenges of incorporating solar technologies into capacity-expansion models and shows examples of how specific models address those challenges. These challenges include modeling non-dispatchable technologies, determining which solar technologies to model, choosing a spatial resolution, incorporating a solar resource assessment, and accounting for solar generation variability and uncertainty.

Sullivan, P.; Eurek, K.; Margolis, R.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Solar Power in the Desert: Are the current large-scale solar developments really improving Californias environment?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

expectancy of a thermal solar energy development? A commontowards solar energy: Photovoltaic vs Solar Thermal. In:

Allen, Michael F.; McHughen, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

New, Cost-Competitive Solar Plants for Electric Utilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Amonix to develop its 7700 Amonix to develop its 7700 system, which drastically reduces the requirement for costly solar cells by using Fresnel lenses to concentrate sunlight 500 times onto small, highly efficient photovoltaic cells. This reduces the cell area so that expensive solar cell materials can be replaced with inexpensive plastic lenses. Amonix Inc. (Torrance, CA), founded in 1989, develops and

189

Distributed Solar PV for Electricity System Resiliency: Policy and Regulatory Considerations (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

Distributed Solar PV systems have the potential of increasing the grid's resiliency to unforeseen events, such as extreme weather events and attacks. This paper presents the role that distributed PV can play in electric grid resiliency, introduces basic system design requirements and options, and discusses the regulatory and policy options for supporting the use of distributed PV for the purpose of increased electricity resiliency.

Not Available

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Distributed Solar Photovoltaics for Electric Vehicle Charging: Regulatory and Policy Considerations (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

Increasing demand for electric vehicle (EV) charging provides an opportunity for market expansion of distributed solar technology. A major barrier to the current deployment of solar technology for EV charging is a lack of clear information for policy makers, utilities and potential adopters. This paper introduces the pros and cons of EV charging during the day versus at night, summarizes the benefits and grid implications of combining solar and EV charging technologies, and offers some regulatory and policy options available to policy makers and regulators wanting to incentivize solar EV charging.

Not Available

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Effect of internal electric field on InAs/GaAs quantum dot solar cells  

SciTech Connect

We studied time-resolved carrier recombination in InAs/GaAs quantum dot (QD) solar cells. The electric field in a p-i-n diode structure spatially separates photoexcited carriers in QDs, strongly affecting the conversion efficiency of intermediate-band solar cells. The radiative decay lifetime is dramatically reduced in a strong electric field (193?kV/cm) by efficient recombination due to strong carrier localization in each QD and significant tunneling-assisted electron escape. Conversely, an electric field of the order of 10?kV/cm maintains electronic coupling in the stacked QDs and diminishes tunneling-assisted electron escape.

Kasamatsu, Naofumi; Kada, Tomoyuki; Hasegawa, Aiko; Harada, Yukihiro; Kita, Takashi [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan)

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

192

Treatment of Solar Generation in Electric Utility Resource Planning  

SciTech Connect

Today's utility planners have a different market and economic context than their predecessors, including planning for the growth of renewable energy. State and federal support policies, solar photovoltaic (PV) price declines, and the introduction of new business models for solar PV 'ownership' are leading to increasing interest in solar technologies (especially PV); however, solar introduces myriad new variables into the utility resource planning decision. Most, but not all, utility planners have less experience analyzing solar than conventional generation as part of capacity planning, portfolio evaluation, and resource procurement decisions. To begin to build this knowledge, utility staff expressed interest in one effort: utility exchanges regarding data, methods, challenges, and solutions for incorporating solar in the planning process. Through interviews and a questionnaire, this report aims to begin this exchange of information and capture utility-provided information about: 1) how various utilities approach long-range resource planning; 2) methods and tools utilities use to conduct resource planning; and, 3) how solar technologies are considered in the resource planning process.

Sterling, J.; McLaren, J.; Taylor, M.; Cory, K.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Simulations of the Energy Performance of a Solar Photovoltaic Residence and Hybrid Electric Automobile in Fresno, California  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

JSR Associates has designed an integrated system incorporating a solar photovoltaic residence and hybrid electric auto that (1) collects, converts, stores, and distributes incident solar energy on the residenc...

J. S. Reuyl; R. D. Schutt

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Large electric field at the nightside plasmapause observed by the Polar spacecraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Click Here for Full Article Large electric field at the nightside plasmapause observed by the Polar; accepted 16 June 2010; published 21 July 2010. [1] We report an example of large electric field with a peak amplitude of 60 mV/m observed at the plasmapause by the Polar spacecraft on April 25, 1998. This electric

California at Berkeley, University of

195

Distributed Solar PV for Electricity System Resiliency: Policy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

supply. Members of the community installed a total of 700 kW of distributed rooftop solar capacity. CES units were added at the substation and distribution circuits, along with...

196

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity, such as steam engines or gas turbines. Typicalsystems, a sterling engine or steam turbine is typicallysuch as a steam turbine or sterling engine connected to an

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Large Area and High Efficiency a-Si:H Solar Cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A conversion efficiency of 5.4% for a-Si:H solar cell on 10x10 cm2...stainless steel substrate has been obtained. Large area a-Si:H solar cells were fabricated by the C-coupled...2...parallel plates) glow dischar...

Y. Higaki; M. Kato; M. Aiga

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Geophysical and industrial requirements of large scale rollout of concentrating solar power (CSP) in South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Includes abstract. This study investigates the requirements and implications if South Africa were to evolve its electricity supply structure to a large emphasis on Concentrated (more)

Morse, Warren.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Proceedings of the 12th Sede Boker Symposium on Solar Electricity Production 3 February 23-24, 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity Production February 23-24, 2004 2. Solar operated organic Rankine cycle units for 0.2 to 10 MWe

Prigozhin, Leonid

200

Solar Trough Organic Rankine Electricity System (STORES) Stage 1: Power Plant Optimization and Economics; November 2000 -- May 2005  

SciTech Connect

Report regarding a Stage 1 Study to further develop the concept of the Solar Trough Organic Rankine Cycle Electricity Systems (STORES).

Prabhu, E.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Treatment of Solar Generation in Electric Utility Resource Planning (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Today's utility planners have a different market and economic context than their predecessors, including planning for the growth of renewable energy. Through interviews and a questionnaire, the authors gathered information on utility supply planning and how solar is represented. Utilities were asked to provide their resource planning process details, key assumptions (e.g. whether DG is represented as supply or negative load), modeling methodology (e.g. type of risk analytics and candidate portfolio development), capacity expansion and production simulation model software, and solar project representation (project size, capacity value and integration cost adder). This presentation aims to begin the exchange of information between utilities, regulators and other stakeholders by capturing utility-provided information about: 1) how various utilities approach long-range resource planning; 2) methods and tools utilities use to conduct resource planning; and, 3) how solar technologies are considered in the resource planning process.

Cory, K.; Sterling, J.; Taylor, M.; McLaren, J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

A GIS Tool for the Land Carrying Capacity of Large Solar Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A tool for the estimation of the land carrying capacity of large solar plants, such as ground-mounted PV plants or solar thermal plants, is developed in GIS environment. The scope is to verify to what extent the constraints that governments and authorities have imposed on the construction of new large ground-mounted soalr plants affect the future developments of PV. The tool is applied to a large study area of North-Italy and specifically to solar photovoltaic plants but the results can be easily generalized to include large solar thermal plants. The peculiarity of the tool development is that both qualitative and quantitative criteria are merged together in order to obtain the final indicator, and that the weight of the objective function are estimated by means of an ANN. The available area are very limited and strongly influenced by the normative qualitative criteria (restricted areas).

Enrico Borgogno Mondino; Enrico Fabrizio; Roberto Chiabrando

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Large-scale solar cycle features of solar photospheric magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is well accepted that the solar cycle originates from a magnetohydrodynamics dynamo deep inside the Sun. Many dynamo models have long been proposed based on a lot of observational constraints. In this paper, using 342 NSO/Kitt Peak solar synoptic charts we study the solar cycle phases in different solar latitudinal zones to set further constraints. Our results can be summarized as follows. (1) The variability of solar polar regions' area has a correlation with total unsigned magnetic flux in advance of 5 years. (2) The high-latitude region mainly appears unipolar in the whole solar cycle and its flux peak time lags sunspot cycle for 3 years. (3) For the activity belt, it is not surprised that its phase be the same as sunspot's. (4) The flux peak time of the low-latitude region shifts forward with an average gradient of 32.2 $day/deg$. These typical characteristics may provide some hints for constructing an actual solar dynamo.

W. B. Song

2007-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

204

Nuclear EMP simulation for large-scale urban environments. FDTD for electrically large problems.  

SciTech Connect

In case of a terrorist nuclear attack in a metropolitan area, EMP measurement could provide: (1) a prompt confirmation of the nature of the explosion (chemical or nuclear) for emergency response; and (2) and characterization parameters of the device (reaction history, yield) for technical forensics. However, urban environment could affect the fidelity of the prompt EMP measurement (as well as all other types of prompt measurement): (1) Nuclear EMP wavefront would no longer be coherent, due to incoherent production, attenuation, and propagation of gamma and electrons; and (2) EMP propagation from source region outward would undergo complicated transmission, reflection, and diffraction processes. EMP simulation for electrically-large urban environment: (1) Coupled MCNP/FDTD (Finite-difference time domain Maxwell solver) approach; and (2) FDTD tends to be limited to problems that are not 'too' large compared to the wavelengths of interest because of numerical dispersion and anisotropy. We use a higher-order low-dispersion, isotropic FDTD algorithm for EMP propagation.

Smith, William S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bull, Jeffrey S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wilcox, Trevor [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bos, Randall J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shao, Xuan-Min [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Goorley, John T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Costigan, Keeley R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

205

Optimal electricity system planning in a large hydro jurisdiction: Will British Columbia soon become a major importer of electricity?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy sources will be a challenge. At present $65 TW h of electricity are distributed annually in BCOptimal electricity system planning in a large hydro jurisdiction: Will British Columbia soon 2012 Available online 21 December 2012 Keywords: Energy planning Hydroelectricity production Carbon tax

Pedersen, Tom

206

GLOBAL ENERGETICS OF THIRTY-EIGHT LARGE SOLAR ERUPTIVE EVENTS  

SciTech Connect

We have evaluated the energetics of 38 solar eruptive events observed by a variety of spacecraft instruments between 2002 February and 2006 December, as accurately as the observations allow. The measured energetic components include: (1) the radiated energy in the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite 1-8 A band, (2) the total energy radiated from the soft X-ray (SXR) emitting plasma, (3) the peak energy in the SXR-emitting plasma, (4) the bolometric radiated energy over the full duration of the event, (5) the energy in flare-accelerated electrons above 20 keV and in flare-accelerated ions above 1 MeV, (6) the kinetic and potential energies of the coronal mass ejection (CME), (7) the energy in solar energetic particles (SEPs) observed in interplanetary space, and (8) the amount of free (non-potential) magnetic energy estimated to be available in the pertinent active region. Major conclusions include: (1) the energy radiated by the SXR-emitting plasma exceeds, by about half an order of magnitude, the peak energy content of the thermal plasma that produces this radiation; (2) the energy content in flare-accelerated electrons and ions is sufficient to supply the bolometric energy radiated across all wavelengths throughout the event; (3) the energy contents of flare-accelerated electrons and ions are comparable; (4) the energy in SEPs is typically a few percent of the CME kinetic energy (measured in the rest frame of the solar wind); and (5) the available magnetic energy is sufficient to power the CME, the flare-accelerated particles, and the hot thermal plasma.

Emslie, A. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY 42101 (United States); Dennis, B. R.; Shih, A. Y.; Chamberlin, P. C. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 671, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Mewaldt, R. A. [Space Radiation Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Moore, C. S. [Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Share, G. H. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Vourlidas, A. [Naval Research Laboratory, Code 7663, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Welsch, B. T., E-mail: emslieg@wku.edu, E-mail: brian.r.dennis@nasa.gov, E-mail: albert.y.shih@nasa.gov, E-mail: phillip.c.chamberlin@nasa.gov, E-mail: rmewaldt@srl.caltech.edu, E-mail: christopher.moore-1@colorado.edu, E-mail: share@astro.umd.edu, E-mail: vourlidas@nrl.navy.mil, E-mail: welsch@ssl.berkeley.edu [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Chapter 26 - Economic and Reliability Benefits of Large-Scale Solar Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Distributed and large-scale solar resources are expected to expand rapidly in some regional and utility systems over the next few years. As this growth takes place, utilities and regional planners are increasingly using economic valuation methods to determine the net costs of alternative renewable resource additions. The net cost equation is the renewable plant's contracted cost or estimated levelized cost of energy plus its transmission and integration costs, minus its energy, ancillary service, and capacity benefits. There is a large and growing research literature analyzing components of this net cost equation for solar resources on an individual project level and as components of expanding renewable portfolios. A key finding is that because of solar's production shape, there are significant changes in energy and capacity value for marginal solar additions in many regions as aggregate solar penetration increases beyond 510% of annual energy. To date, studies have not identified significant constraints on integration into system operations until solar penetrations reach 1015% and even higher (with a larger renewable portfolio), especially if solar resources are sufficiently spatially distributed. However, there are indications that actual system operations may encounter integration constraints at lower penetrations. These operational limits are leading to an increasing focus on integration solutions, including storage, as a possible long-term requirement for continued solar penetration.

Udi Helman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Experimental Performance of a Solar Collector in Solar Chimney Power Plant System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar chimney power plant has been proposed as a device to economically generate electricity from solar energy in large scale in the future. There are many factors to influence on the performance of the solar collector. This paper describes details of ... Keywords: generate electricity, thermal storage material, pebbles, solar collector

Huilan Huang; Gang Li; Hua Zhang

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Room-temperature stationary sodium-ion batteries for large-scale electric energy storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy and utility applications, such as pump hydro, compressed air, y-wheel and electrochemicalRoom-temperature stationary sodium-ion batteries for large-scale electric energy storage Huilin Pan attention particularly in large- scale electric energy storage applications for renewable energy and smart

Wang, Wei Hua

210

Clean Energy State Program Guide: Mainstreaming Solar Electricity Strategies for States to Build Local Markets  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A PV mapping tool visually represents a specific site and calculates PV system size and projected electricity production. This report identifies the commercially available solar mapping tools and thoroughly summarizes the source data type and resolution, the visualization software program being used, user inputs, calculation methodology and algorithms, map outputs, and development costs for each map.

211

Photochemical Conversion of Solar Energy into Electrical Energy in an EosinMannose System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar energy has been converted into electrical energy using an eosinmannose system in a ... and 67.20?W, respectively. The observed conversion efficiency was 0.6461% and the fill factor was 0.3739 against an a...

Mukesh Kumar Bhimwal; K. M. Gangotri

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

SOLAR WIND ELECTRIC FIELDS IN THE ION CYCLOTRON FREQUENCY RANGE P. J. Kellogg,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR WIND ELECTRIC FIELDS IN THE ION CYCLOTRON FREQUENCY RANGE P. J. Kellogg,1 S. D. Bale,2 F. S wind in the region near the ion cyclotron frequency of protons, larger than the force due to magnetic fluctuations. They provide sufficient velocity- space diffusion or heating to counteract conservation

California at Berkeley, University of

213

Artificial neural network based models for forecasting electricity generation of grid connected solar PV power plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an artificial neural network (ANN) approach for forecasting the performance of electric energy generated output from a working 25-kWp grid connected solar PV system and a 100-kWp grid connected PV system installed at Minicoy Island of Union Territory of Lakshadweep Islands. The ANN interpolates among the solar PV generation output and relevant parameters such as solar radiation, module temperature and clearness index. In this study, three ANN models are implemented and validated with reasonable accuracy on real electric energy generation output data. The first model is univariate based on solar radiation and the output values. The second model is a multivariate model based on module temperature along with solar radiation. The third model is also a multivariate model based on module temperature, solar radiation and clearness index. A forecasting performance measure such as percentage root mean square error has been presented for each model. The second model, which gives the most accurate results, has been used in forecasting the generation output for another PV system with similar accuracy.

Imtiaz Ashraf; A. Chandra

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Radioisotope electric propulsion of sciencecraft to the outer solar system and near-interstellar space  

SciTech Connect

Recent results are presented in the study of radioisotope electric propulsion as a near-term technology for sending small robotic sciencecraft to the outer Solar System and near-interstellar space. Radioisotope electric propulsion (REP) systems are low-thrust, ion propulsion units based on radioisotope electric generators and ion thrusters. Powerplant specific masses are expected to be in the range of 100 to 200 kg/kW of thrust power. Planetary rendezvous missions to Pluto, fast missions to the heliopause (100 AU) with the capability to decelerate an orbiter for an extended science program and prestellar missions to the first gravitational lens focus of the Sun (550 AU) are investigated.

Noble, R.J.

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Nearly Constant Electrical Resistance over Large Temperature Range in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

100190, China. Electrical resistance is a material property that usually varies enormously resistance can be realized. This work can inspire the search of other materials of such a quality. E lectrical resistance is the most conventional and also the most useful property of a material. The temper

Zexian, Cao

216

If I generate 20 percent of my national electricity from wind and solar -  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

If I generate 20 percent of my national electricity from wind and solar - If I generate 20 percent of my national electricity from wind and solar - what does it do to my GDP and Trade Balance ? Home > Groups > DOE Wind Vision Community I think that the economics of fossil fuesl are well understood. Some gets to find the fuel and sell it. The fuel and all associated activities factor into the economic equation of the nation and the wrold. What is the economics of generating 20 percent of my total capacity from say wind? And all of it replaces coal powered electricty ? What happended to GDP ? Is the economy a net gain or net loss ? The value of the electricity came into the system, but no coal is bought or sold. Submitted by Jamespr on 6 May, 2013 - 17:46 0 answers Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group.

217

Solar Power: Using Photovoltaics to Preserve California's Electricity Capacity Reserves  

SciTech Connect

The California Power Authority (CPA) is committed to increasing the use of renewable energy supplies--such as photovoltaics and wind--as a hedge against price fluctuations of electricity and natural gas. The CPA wants to own and operate an adequate supply of reserve generation that: - Can be deployed quickly in response to severe summer peak loads, unexpected loss of base and intermediate generation units, and failure of critical transmission facilities; - Will minimize the reliance on spot market purchases during periods when the State is most vulnerable to price gouging from private generators.

Herig, C..

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Biomass Gasification for Electricity and Fuels , Large Scale  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is commonly agreed that gasification of biomass has a large potential for a more sustainable energy system in the future. However, a lot of research and demonstration efforts have been carried out during t...

Dr. Hermann Hofbauer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Biomass Gasification for Electricity and Fuels , Large Scale  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is commonly agreed that gasification of biomass has a large potential for a more sustainable energy system in the future. However, a lot of research and demonstration efforts have been carried out during t...

Dr. Hermann Hofbauer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Solar Power in the Desert: Are the current large-scale solar developments really improving Californias environment?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jenerette. 2010. Box 11: Two paths towards solar energy:Photovoltaic vs Solar Thermal. In: Planetary Stewardship.government betting on the wrong solar horse. Natural Gas &

Allen, Michael F.; McHughen, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Variability of Power from Large-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Scenarios in the State of Gujarat: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

India has ambitious goals for high utilization of variable renewable power from wind and solar, and deployment has been proceeding at a rapid pace. The western state of Gujarat currently has the largest amount of solar generation of any Indian state, with over 855 Megawatts direct current (MWDC). Combined with over 3,240 MW of wind, variable generation renewables comprise nearly 18% of the electric-generating capacity in the state. A new historic 10-kilometer (km) gridded solar radiation data set capturing hourly insolation values for 2002-2011 is available for India. We apply an established method for downscaling hourly irradiance data to one-minute irradiance data at potential PV power production locations for one year, 2006. The objective of this report is to characterize the intra-hour variability of existing and planned photovoltaic solar power generation in the state of Gujarat (a total of 1.9 gigawatts direct current (GWDC)), and of five possible expansion scenarios of solar generation that reflect a range of geographic diversity (each scenario totals 500-1,000 MW of additional solar capacity). The report statistically analyzes one year's worth of power variability data, applied to both the baseline and expansion scenarios, to evaluate diurnal and seasonal power fluctuations, different timescales of variability (e.g., from one to 15 minutes), the magnitude of variability (both total megawatts and relative to installed solar capacity), and the extent to which the variability can be anticipated in advance. The paper also examines how Gujarat Energy Transmission Corporation (GETCO) and the Gujarat State Load Dispatch Centre (SLDC) could make use of the solar variability profiles in grid operations and planning.

Parsons, B.; Hummon, M.; Cochran, J.; Stoltenberg, B.; Batra, P.; Mehta, B.; Patel, D.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Variability of Power from Large-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Scenarios in the State of Gujarat (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

India has ambitious goals for high utilization of variable renewable power from wind and solar, and deployment has been proceeding at a rapid pace. The western state of Gujarat currently has the largest amount of solar generation of any Indian state, with over 855 Megawatts direct current (MWDC). Combined with over 3,240 MW of wind, variable generation renewables comprise nearly 18% of the electric-generating capacity in the state. A new historic 10-kilometer (km) gridded solar radiation data set capturing hourly insolation values for 2002-2011 is available for India. We apply an established method for downscaling hourly irradiance data to one-minute irradiance data at potential PV power production locations for one year, 2006. The objective of this report is to characterize the intra-hour variability of existing and planned photovoltaic solar power generation in the state of Gujarat (a total of 1.9 gigawatts direct current (GWDC)), and of five possible expansion scenarios of solar generation that reflect a range of geographic diversity (each scenario totals 500-1,000 MW of additional solar capacity). The report statistically analyzes one year's worth of power variability data, applied to both the baseline and expansion scenarios, to evaluate diurnal and seasonal power fluctuations, different timescales of variability (e.g., from one to 15 minutes), the magnitude of variability (both total megawatts and relative to installed solar capacity), and the extent to which the variability can be anticipated in advance. The paper also examines how Gujarat Energy Transmission Corporation (GETCO) and the Gujarat State Load Dispatch Centre (SLDC) could make use of the solar variability profiles in grid operations and planning.

Parsons, B.; Hummon, M.; Cochran, J.; Stoltenberg, B.; Batra, P.; Mehta, B.; Patel, D.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

NREL Confirms Large Potential for Grid Integration of Wind, Solar Power (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

To fully harvest the nation's bountiful wind and solar resources, it is critical to know how much electrical power from these renewable resources could be integrated reliably into the grid. To inform the discussion about the potential of such variable sources, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) launched two key regional studies, examining the east and west sections of the U.S. power grid. The studies show that it is technically possible for U.S. power systems to integrate 20%-35% renewable electricity if infrastructure and operational improvements can be made.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Concentrated solar power in the future of electricity generation: a synthesis of reasons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...electricity generation. Experience...steam-Rankine coal-fired power plants, nuclear...defaults in generation units. Large...need to have a generation system with...the unitary power will have to...and natural gas. Evidently...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Supply Curves for Rooftop Solar PV-Generated Electricity for the United States  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A0-44073 A0-44073 November 2008 Supply Curves for Rooftop Solar PV-Generated Electricity for the United States Paul Denholm and Robert Margolis Supply Curves for Rooftop Solar PV-Generated Electricity for the United States Paul Denholm and Robert Margolis Prepared under Task No. PVB7.6301 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A0-44073 November 2008 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

226

Polygeneration of Liquid Fuels and Electricity by the Atmospheric Pressure Hybrid Solar Gasification of Coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(16, 17, 29, 30) The technical viability of the atmospheric pressure, windowed solar vortex reactor to gasify petroleum coke (petcoke) has been demonstrated on a small scale,(16, 29, 31) and a 300 kW pilot scale reactor has also been tested successfully. ... Inputs to the reactor were the model coal (as discussed above), nitrogen used for the carrier gas for the coal feed, steam used as a gasifying agent, and oxygen that is needed when ? gas turbine for electricity generation. ...

Ashok A. Kaniyal; Philip J. van Eyk; Graham J. Nathan; Peter J. Ashman; Jonathan J. Pincus

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

227

Guidelines for reporting parabolic trough solar electric system performance  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this activity is to develop a generic methodology which can be used to track and compare the performance of parabolic trough power plants. The approach needs to be general enough to work for all existing and future parabolic trough plant designs, provide meaningful comparisons of year to year performance, and allow for comparisons between dissimilar plant designs. The approach presented here uses the net annual system efficiency as the primary metric for evaluating the performance of parabolic trough power plants. However, given the complex nature of large parabolic trough plants, the net annual system efficiency by itself does not adequately characterize the performance of the plant. The approach taken here is to define a number of additional performance metrics which enable a more comprehensive understanding of overall plant performance.

Price, H.W.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Solar and wind resource complementarity: Advancing options for renewable electricity integration in Ontario, Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Ontario (Canada), the integration of renewable power is a priority policy goal. Since 2004, the circumstances under which the integration of renewable power is evaluated have changed due to successive changes in price as well as concerns that its over-production may add to grid congestion. This research investigates the value of increasing complementarity (both proximate and geographically dispersed) of wind and solar resources as a means by which electricity planners and researchers might advance electricity sustainability in Ontario. More specifically, this paper asks the following questions: 1) Does the combination of solar and wind resources in selected locations in Ontario serve to smooth out power production, i.e., decrease instances of both high and low values, as compared to either resource producing individually? 2) Can this smoothness be further improved by dispersing these resources geographically amongst locations? and 3) Does increasing the number of locations with solar and wind resources further smooth out power production? Three years (20032005) of synchronous, hourly measurements of solar irradiance and wind speeds from Environment Canadas Canadian Weather Energy and Engineering Data Sets (CWEEDS) are used to derive dimensionless indices for four locations in Ontario (Toronto, Wiarton, Sault Ste. Marie and Ottawa). These indices are used to develop three transparent and accessible methods of analysis: (1) graphical representation; (2) percentile ranking; and (3) using a theoretical maximum as a proxy for capacity. The article concludes that the combination of solar and wind within locations and amongst two locations improves smoothness in power production, as compared to when each resource is produced on its own; moreover, it is further improved once more than two resources and two locations are combined. However, there is neither further benefit, nor drawback, associated with the geographic dispersion of complementarity between solar in one location and wind in another, when compared to both resources in one location.

Christina E. Hoicka; Ian H. Rowlands

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Outdoor testing of advanced optical materials for solar thermal electric applications  

SciTech Connect

The development of low-cost, durable advanced optical materials is an important element in making solar energy viable for electricity production. It is important to determine the expected lifetime of candidate reflector materials in real-world service conditions. The demonstration of the optical durability of such materials in outdoor environments is critical to the successful commercialization of solar thermal electric technologies. For many years optical performance data have been collected and analyzed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for candidate reflector materials subjected to simulated outdoor exposure conditions. Much of this testing is accelerated in order to predict service durability. Some outdoor testing has occurred but not in a systematic manner. To date, simulated/accelerated testing has been limited correlation with actual outdoor exposure testing. Such a correlation is desirable to provide confidence in lifetime predictions based upon accelerated weathering methods. To obtain outdoor exposure data for realistic environments and to establish a data base for correlating simulated/accelerated outdoor exposure data with actual outdoor exposure data, the development of an expanded outdoor testing program has recently been initiated by NREL. Several outdoor test sites will be selected based on the solar climate, potential for solar energy utilization by industry, and cost of installation. Test results are site dependent because exposure conditions vary with geographical location. The importance of this program to optical materials development is outlined, and the process used to determine and establish the outdoor test sites is described. Candidate material identification and selection is also discussed. 10 refs.

Wendelin, T.J.; Jorgensen, G.; Goggin, R.M.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Optimal Sizing of Energy Storage System in Solar Energy Electric Vehicle Using Genetic Algorithm and Neural Network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Owing to suns rays distributing randomly and discontinuously and load fluctuation, energy storage system is very important in Solar Energy Electric Vehicle (SEEV). The combinatorial optimization ... and neural n...

Shiqiong Zhou; Longyun Kang; MiaoMiao Cheng

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

SunShot Vision Study: A Comprehensive Analysis of the Potential for U.S. Solar Electricity Generation (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The SunShot Vision Study provides the most comprehensive assessment to date of the potential for solar technologies to meet a significant share of electricity demand in the United States during the next several decades.

Not Available

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Influence of CdTe thickness on structural and electrical properties of CdTe/CdS solar cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Influence of CdTe thickness on structural and electrical properties of CdTe/CdS solar cells A a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Available online xxxx Keywords: Solar cells CdCl2 CdTe Thin absorbers Due to its high scalability and low production cost, CdTe solar cells have shown a very strong

Romeo, Alessandro

233

New top layer reduces the"wiggle"that degrades the conversion of light to electricity in solar cells by absorbing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New top layer reduces the"wiggle"that degrades the conversion of light to electricity in solar cells by absorbing light within a specific wavelength. Today's thin-film solar cells could not function light to pass through to the cell's active layers. Until recently, TCOs were seen as a necessary

234

Did geomagnetic activity challenge electric power reliability during solar cycle 23? Evidence from the PJM regional transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Did geomagnetic activity challenge electric power reliability during solar cycle 23? Evidence from of America, Washington, DC, 20064 USA Chris.StCyr@nasa.gov #12;Abstract During Solar Cycle 22, a very intense geomagnetic storm on 13 March 1989 contributed to the collapse of the Hydro-Quebec power system in Canada

Schrijver, Karel

235

New Hampshire Electric Co-Op - Large Business Energy Solutions | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Hampshire Electric Co-Op - Large Business Energy Solutions New Hampshire Electric Co-Op - Large Business Energy Solutions New Hampshire Electric Co-Op - Large Business Energy Solutions < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Manufacturing Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State New Hampshire Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Air Compressors: $120 - $200/HP Additional Compressed Air Storage: $2.75/gallon LED Traffic Light: $60 - 80/unit Light Fixtures: $10 - $150/unit Lighting Controls: $25 - $50/unit Motors (Open Drip Proof): $75 - $2,110 Motors (Totally Enclosed Fan Cooled: $85 - $3,295 ECM Motors: $75/unit Variable Speed Drives: $1,050 - $4,400 Custom: lesser of 35% of the total installed cost or buy down to 1 year pay Provider New Hampshire Electric Co-Op

236

Electric grid dependence on the configuration of a small-scale wind and solar power hybrid system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results are presented from the modeling of a small-scale distributed power system containing power demands, photovoltaic arrays, small-scale wind turbines and an electric grid connection. Detailed models of the photovoltaic array and the wind turbine are briefly explained in addition to the solar and wind recourse models. A subunit is defined to consist of a power demand together with power contributors. It is shown how the grid dependency (or renewable energy contribution) is affected by the connection of subunits and according to the relationship between the power demand patterns and renewable resource patterns. The outcome from several case studies is presented using simulated power demands and renewable resources. In a scenario with subunit power demands characteristic for a large household and a small factory, it is shown that the coupling of subunits reduces annual grid power transfers by more than 10% and increases the renewable power contribution to the demand by almost 7%.

M. Mikati; M. Santos; C. Armenta

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

New Opportunities for Outer Solar System Science using Radioisotope Electric Propulsion  

SciTech Connect

Today, our questions and hypotheses about the Solar System's origin have surpassed our ability to deliver scientific instruments to deep space. The moons of the outer planets, the Trojan and Centaur minor planets, the trans-Neptunian objects (TNO), and distant Kuiper Belt objects (KBO) hold a wealth of information about the primordial conditions that led to the formation of our Solar System. Robotic missions to these objects are needed to make the discoveries, but the lack of deep-space propulsion is impeding this science. Radioisotope electric propulsion (REP) will revolutionize the way we do deep-space planetary science with robotic vehicles, giving them unprecedented mobility. Radioisotope electric generators and lightweight ion thrusters are being developed today which will make possible REP systems with specific power in the range of 5 to 10 W/kg. Studies have shown that this specific power range is sufficient to perform fast rendezvous missions from Earth to the outer Solar System and fast sample return missions. This whitepaper discusses how mobility provided by REP opens up entirely new science opportunities for robotic missions to distant primitive bodies. We also give an overview of REP technology developments and the required next steps to realize REP.

Noble, Robert J.; /SLAC; Amini, Rashied; Beauchamp, Patricia M.; /Caltech, JPL; Bennett, Gary L.; /Metaspace Enterprises; Brophy, John R.; Buratti, Bonnie J.; Ervin, Joan; /Caltech, JPL; Fernandez, Yan R.; /Central Florida U.; Grundy, Will; /Lowell Observ.; Khan, Mohammed Omair; /Caltech, JPL; King, David Q.; /Aerojet; Lang, Jared; /Caltech, JPL; Meech, Karen J.; /Hawaii U.; Newhouse, Alan; Oleson, Steven R.; Schmidt, George R.; /GRC; Spilker, Thomas; West, John L.; /Caltech, JPL; ,

2010-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

238

Reflux heat-pipe solar receiver for a Stirling dish-electric system  

SciTech Connect

The feasibility of competitive, modular bulk electric power from the sun is enhanced by the use of a reflux heat-pipe receiver to combine a Stirling engine with a paraboloidal dish concentrator. This combination represents a potential improvement over previous successful demonstrations of Stirling dish-electric technology in terms of enhanced performance, lower cost, and longer life. In the reflux (i.e. gravity assisted) heat-pipe receiver, concentrated solar radiation causes liquid sodium to evaporate, the vapor flows to the Stirling engine heaters where it condenses on the heater tubes. The condensate is returned to and distributed over the receiver by gravity (refluxing) and by capillary forces in a wick lining the receiver. It is essentially an adaptation of sodium heat pipe technology to the peculiar requirements of concentrated solar flux and provides many potential advantages over conventional tube receiver technology. This paper describes the preliminary design of a reflux heat-pipe solar receiver to match the STM4-120 variable swashplate Stirling engine to a Test Bed Concentrator at Sandia National Laboratories Distributed Receiver Test Facility. Performance analysis and other design considerations are presented and discussed.

Ziph, B.; Godett, T.M.; Diver, R.B.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

An Intelligent Solar Powered Battery Buffered EV Charging Station with Solar Electricity Forecasting and EV Charging Load Projection Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fast charging, and solar power availability pose a challengeevent to a fixed SOC from solar power and/or the grid in athem without considering solar power availability and the

Zhao, Hengbing; Burke, Andrew

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

electric | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

electric electric Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (5 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric hectares km2 land land requirements land use land-use mean photovoltaic photovoltaics PV solar statistics Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Master Solar Land Use Spreadsheet (xlsx, 1.5 MiB)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Vacuum gaps with small tunnel currents at large electric field and its  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vacuum gaps with small tunnel currents at large electric field and its Vacuum gaps with small tunnel currents at large electric field and its potential applications for energy storage, charge storage and power supplies. Friday, May 27, 2011 - 4:00pm SSRL Conference Room 137-226 Alfred Hubler, Department of Physics, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign We study tunnel currents and electric break down in vacuum gaps experimentally and theoretically. We find that electric field at break down in nano vacuum gaps is 3 order of magnitude larger than in macroscopic capacitors. Pointed electrodes increase the limiting field even further. Eigen states in the gap can help to reduce tunnel currents. We discuss applications of this technology for energy storage, charge storage, and power supplies. Speaker Bio: Professor Alfred Hubler is the director of the Center for

242

1Electricity from Sunlight: The Van Allen Probes Solar Panels NASA's twin Van Allen Probes spacecraft will be launched in 2012. The  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1Electricity from Sunlight: The Van Allen Probes Solar Panels NASA's twin Van Allen Probes of the surrounding four solar panel `wings' that provide power to the spacecraft instruments. The small blue rectangles within each of the four solar panels show the location of the solar cells used to power

243

Solar pond technology for large-scale heat processing in a Chilean mine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coppermining is the largest industrial activity in Northern Chile a region that relies mostly on imported energy resources thus making the mining sector vulnerable to the rising cost of fuel oil and electricity. The extraction of copper is mostly accomplished by hydrometallurgy a three-step low energy process consisting of heap leaching concentration by solvent extraction and metal recovery by electro-winning. Since the content of copper in its ore tends to degrade as the mining operation proceeds higher leaching temperatures would be needed along with increasing energy requirements. In order to address this demand and considering that the region has one of the highest levels of solar radiation and clear skies the authors assessed the solar pond technology for rising the temperature of the leaching stream. The working principle of such technology is presented as well as its mathematical formulation restrictions and assumptions aiming to simulate the performance of a solar pond and to size a suitable setup. The results indicate that this technology can provide sufficient heat to raise the temperature to a range of 50 to 70?C throughout the year with an annual gross thermal supply of 626?GWh. In order to minimize the loss of water and salt from the pond a closed salt cycle is suggested. Savings of up to 59 000 tons of diesel oil per year and the avoidance of 164 000 tons of CO2 per year could be achieved with a solar pond effective area of 1.43 km2 reaching an average efficiency of 19.4%. Thus solar pond technology is suitable for attaining the goal of increasing the leaching temperature while diminishing fuel costs and greenhouse emissions.

F. Garrido; R. Soto; J. Vergara; M. Walczak; P. Kanehl; R. Nel; J. Garca

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Continuous Wave Laser Processing for Electrical and Mechanical Stable Solar Cells with Ni-Cu Metallization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Two process sequences for the fabrication of Ni-Cu plated solar cells with a selective emitter by means of laser processing are presented. The purpose of the highly doped deep emitter is in this case not only to lower the contact resistance but to prevent shunting by nickel silicide which grows into the wafer. This silicide formation is found to be a key step in creating excellent contact adhesion. SEM imaging has been used to characterize the coverage of contact openings with nickel silicide. Electrical and mechanical properties of the fabricated solar cells as well as the advantages and disadvantages of the presented process sequences are discussed using SunsVoc and peel force measurements.

Christian Geisler; Wilhelm Hrdt; Sven Kluska; Andrew Mondon; Sybille Hopman; Markus Glatthaar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Solar repowering system for Texas Electric Service Company Permian Basin Steam Electric Station Unit No. 5. Final report, executive summary  

SciTech Connect

The conceptual design and economic assessment of a sodium-cooled, solar central receiver repowering system for Texas Electric Service Company's Permian Basin Steam Electric Plant Unit No. 5 are described. As expected, the economic assessment of the specific concept for that site indicates that the cost of energy is greater than that resulting from the burning of natural gas alone in the existing plant (principally as a result of the current cost of heliostats and the scheduled retirement date of Unit No. 5), Favorable economics for similar types of plants can be projected for the future. The annual fuel savings are equivalent to 218,500 barrels of crude oil, with a total dollar value of $21.5 M and $93.6 M for a 7-year life and a 25-year life, respectively. However, it has also been found, from separate studies, that favorable interpretations of the Fuel Use Act and an improved regulatory climate will be necessary for this economic viability to be reached. In particular, a subsidized program to reduce the cost of heliostats to less than $100/m/sup 2/ will be needed. All sodium components, except the receiver, are available on the basis of similar-sized or larger components that have been designed, fabricated, tested and operated in power plants for hundred of thousands of hours. Liquid sodium has been demonstrated for use as a stable, safe, and easily contained heat transfer fluid up to temperature exceeding those required for modern steam plants. (WHK)

Not Available

1980-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

246

OSEGT Eligibility Listing Procedure Updated 6/2/14 Other solar electric generating technologies (OSEGTs) are defined as all technologies other than  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OSEGT Eligibility Listing Procedure Updated 6/2/14 Other solar of full safety certification. The eligibility process for other solar electric generating technologies suitable estimates of capacity and energy production prior to reservation of funds. #12;OSEGT

247

Profiling the Built-In Electrical Potential in III-V Multijunction Solar Cells (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

We have observed three electrical potentials at the top, tunneling, and bottom junctions of GnInP{sub 2}/GaAs tandem-junction solar cells, by performing the UHV-SKPM measurement. The effect of laser illumination was avoided by using GaAs laser with photon energy of 1.4 eV for the AFM operation. We also observed higher potentials at the atomic steps than on the terraces for both p-type GaInP{sub 2} epitaxial layer and p-type GaAs substrate, and found that the potential at steps of GaAs substrate depends on the step directions.

Jiang, C.-S.; Friedman, D. J.; Moutinho, H. R.; Al-Jassim, M. M.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Large electric field induced strains in ferroelectric islands J. X. Zhang, G. Sheng, and L. Q. Chen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large electric field induced strains in ferroelectric islands J. X. Zhang, G. Sheng, and L. Q. Chen electric field induced strains in ferroelectric islands J. X. Zhang,a G. Sheng, and L. Q. Chen Department mechanism that generates large recoverable electric field induced strains in ferroelectric islands

Chen, Long-Qing

249

EVALUATION OF A SULFUR OXIDE CHEMICAL HEAT STORAGE PROCESS FOR A STEAM SOLAR ELECTRIC PLANT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

between alternative solar storage system designs; almost allThe behavior of the storage solar receiver-reactor is baseddaytime (charging) storage process Boeing solar receiver [5J

Dayan, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Approaches To Integrating A HIgh Penertration Of Solar PV and CPV Onto The Electrical Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

54 SolarphotovoltaicDistributedEnergyResources(DER)Clearly, solar energy is a sustainable resource, with energyof distributed energy resources such as solar PV, treating

Hill, Steven Craig

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Approaches To Integrating A HIgh Penertration Of Solar PV and CPV Onto The Electrical Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

adopted a program- the California Solar Initiative (CSI) -of the impact of the California Solar Initiative (CSI), andissues with rooftop solar PV in California are: 1) Utility

Hill, Steven Craig

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Analysis of International Policies In The Solar Electricity Sector: Lessons for India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by California. The California Solar Initiative (CSI) targetsCommission, The California Solar Initiative, available atdemand-pull: Lessons from Californias solar policy, Energy

Deshmukh, Ranjit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Analysis of International Policies In The Solar Electricity Sector: Lessons for India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from Californias solar policy, Energy Economics, 30 (6),by-Doing and the Optimal Solar Policy in California, Theoptimally design their solar policies by balancing national

Deshmukh, Ranjit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Efficient solar cooling: first ever non-tracking solar collectors powering a double effect absorption chiller  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar thermal technologies. ..Advances in solar thermal electricity technology. Solar107 1. Introduction Solar thermal technologies have been

Poiry, Heather Marie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Effect of simultaneous electrical and thermal treatment on the performance of bulk heterojunction organic solar cell blended with organic salt  

SciTech Connect

This work presents the influence of simultaneous electrical and thermal treatment on the performance of organic solar cell blended with organic salt. The organic solar cells were composed of indium tin oxide as anode, poly[2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylenevinylene]: (6,6)-phenyl-C61 butyric acid methyl ester: tetrabutylammonium hexafluorophosphate blend as organic active layer and aluminium as cathode. The devices underwent a simultaneous fixed-voltage electrical and thermal treatment at different temperatures of 25, 50 and 75 C. It was found that photovoltaic performance improved with the thermal treatment temperature. Accumulation of more organic salt ions in the active layer leads to broadening of p-n doped regions and hence higher built-in electric field across thin intrinsic layer. The simultaneous electrical and thermal treatment has been shown to be able to reduce the electrical treatment voltage.

Sabri, Nasehah Syamin; Yap, Chi Chin; Yahaya, Muhammad [School of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia); Salleh, Muhamad Mat [Institute of Microengineering and Nanoelectronics (IMEN), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

256

Analytical model for solar PV and CSP electricity costs: Present LCOE values and their future evolution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we first make a review of the past annual production of electricity and the cumulative installed capacity for photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies. This together with the annual costs of PV modules and CSP systems allows us the determination of the experience curves and the corresponding learning rates. Then, we go over a rigorous exposition of the methodology employed for the calculation of the value of the levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) for PV and CSP. Based on this knowledge, we proceed to establish a mathematical model which yields closed-form analytical expressions for the present value of the LCOE, as well as its future evolution (20102050) based on the International Energy Agency roadmaps for the cumulative installed capacity. Next, we explain in detail how specific values are assigned to the twelve independent variables which enter the LCOE formula: solar resource, discount and learning rates, initial cost and lifetime of the system, operational and maintenance costs, etc. With all this background, and making use of a simple computer simulation program, we can generate the following: sensitivity analysis curves, graphs on the evolution of the LCOE in the period 20102050, and calculations of the years at which grid parities will be reached. These representations prove to be very useful in energy planning policies, like tariff-in schemes, tax exemptions, etc., and in making investment decisions, since they allow, for a given location, to directly compare the costs of PV vs CSP power generation technologies for the period 20102050. Among solar technologies, PV seems always more appropriate for areas located in middle to high latitudes of the Earth, while CSP systems, preferably with thermal storage incorporated, yield their best performance in arid areas located at relatively low latitudes.

J. Hernndez-Moro; J.M. Martnez-Duart

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Model As-of Right Zoning Ordinance or Bylaw: Allowing Use of Large-Scale Solar Energy Facilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Note: This model ordinance was designed to provide guidance to local governments seeking to develop siting rules for large-scale, ground-mounted solar (250 kW and above). While it was developed as...

258

SunShot-funded Advanced Inverter Testing Enables 2,500 Solar Energy Systems to Connect to Hawaiis Electric Grid  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Thanks to a SunShot collaboration at the Energy Departments National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) more than 2,500 Hawaiian Electric customers will connect solar power to the electrical grid...

259

Historical development of concentrating solar power technologies to generate clean electricity efficiently A review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The conventional ways for generating electricity around the world face two main problems, which are gradual increase in the earth?s average surface temperature (global warming) and depleting fossil fuel reserves. So switching to renewable energy technologies is an urgent need. Concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies are one of renewable technologies that are able to solve the present and future electricity problems. In this paper the historical evolution for the cornerstone plants of CSP technologies to generate clean electricity was reviewed and the current projects worldwide of CSP technologies were presented to show that the CSP technologies are technically and commercially proven and have the possibility for hybridization with fossil fuel or integration with storage systems to sustain continuous operation similar to conventional plants. Among all solar thermal technologies parabolic trough is the most technically and commercially proven. It also has the possibility for hybridization since it is proven by operating in several commercial projects for more than 28 years. It has a high maturity level and able to provide the required operating heat energy either as a stand-alone or in hybrid systems at the lowest cost and lower economic risks. For this reason, this technology is dominant in the operational and under-construction projects. However, currently there is a trend toward employing the other CSP technologies in the future projects as a result of the improvement in their performance. The use of PTC technology in the operational CSP projects is 95.7% and has decreased to 73.4% for the under-construction projects. Meanwhile, the uses of Fresnel collector (LFC), Tower power (TSP) and Stirling dish (SDC) technologies in the operational projects are 2.07%, 2.24%, and 0% respectively and have increased to 5.74%, 20.82% and 0.052% respectively for the under-construction projects. For the development projects, the use of TSP technology has reached to 71.43%, compared to 28.57% for PTC.

Dhyia Aidroos Baharoon; Hasimah Abdul Rahman; Wan Zaidi Wan Omar; Saeed Obaid Fadhl

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Solar Solar EERE plays a key role in advancing America's "all of the above" energy strategy, leading a large network of researchers and other partners to deliver innovative technologies that will make renewable electricity generation cost-competitive with traditional sources of energy. EERE plays a key role in advancing America's "all of the above" energy strategy, leading a large network of researchers and other partners to deliver innovative technologies that will make renewable electricity generation cost-competitive with traditional sources of energy. Image of a neighborhood of single-story homes with solar panels on the roofs. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) leads a large network of researchers and other partners to deliver innovative solar photovoltaic and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Large resource development projects as markets for passive solar technologies. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A basic premise of this study is that large resource development projects provide a major market opportunity for passive solar manufactured buildings. The primary objectives of the work are to document selected resource development projects and identify their potential housing needs and development schedules, to contact resource industry representatives and assess some of the processes and motivations behind their involvement in housing decisions, and to provide passive solar manufactured buildings producers with results of these steps as early initial market intelligence. The intent is to identify not only the industries, location of their planned projects, and their likely worker housing needs, but also the individuals involved in making housing-related decisions. The 56 identified projects are located within 18 states and cover 11 types of resources. The report documents individual projects, provides protections of total worker-related housing needs, and presents overviews of resource development company involvement in the new construction market. In addition, the report profiles three organizations that expressed a strong interest in implementing the use of low-cost passive solar manufactured buildings in resource-development-related activities.

Roze-Benson, R V

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

"Large Power Transformers and the U.S. Electric Grid" Report (June 2012) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Large Power Transformers and the U.S. Electric Grid" Report (June "Large Power Transformers and the U.S. Electric Grid" Report (June 2012) "Large Power Transformers and the U.S. Electric Grid" Report (June 2012) The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability has released the "Large Power Transformers and the U.S. Electric Grid" report, an assessment of the procurement and supply environment of large power transformers (LPTs). The report examines the characteristics and procurement of LPTs, including key raw materials and transportation; historical trends and future demands; global and domestic LPT suppliers; and potential issues in the global sourcing of LPTs. LPTs have long been a major concern for the U.S. electric power sector. Key industry sources - including the Energy Sector Specific Plan, the

263

"Large Power Transformers and the U.S. Electric Grid" Report (June 2012) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Large Power Transformers and the U.S. Electric Grid" Report (June "Large Power Transformers and the U.S. Electric Grid" Report (June 2012) "Large Power Transformers and the U.S. Electric Grid" Report (June 2012) The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability has released the "Large Power Transformers and the U.S. Electric Grid" report, an assessment of the procurement and supply environment of large power transformers (LPTs). The report examines the characteristics and procurement of LPTs, including key raw materials and transportation; historical trends and future demands; global and domestic LPT suppliers; and potential issues in the global sourcing of LPTs. LPTs have long been a major concern for the U.S. electric power sector. Key industry sources - including the Energy Sector Specific Plan, the

264

Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ever since the invention of the silicon solar cell in the 1940s, people have acknowledged the ... potential of photovoltaic systems for large scale electricity production. However, semiconductor grade silicon waf...

Jan Kroon; Andreas Hinsch

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Solar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With sharp drop in costs for photovoltaic and solar thermal processes, solar energy has become more attractive alternative ... Almost half the total was earmarked for PV and solar thermal projects. ...

WARD WORTHY

1991-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

266

36 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 35, NO. 1, JANUARY/FEBRUARY 1999 Multilevel Converters for Large Electric Drives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Converters for Large Electric Drives Leon M. Tolbert, Senior Member, IEEE, Fang Zheng Peng, Senior Member multilevel con- verters as an application for high-power and/or high-voltage electric motor drives all-electric drives because it uses several levels of dc voltage sources, which would be available

Tolbert, Leon M.

267

Reduction in subsidy for solar power as distributed electricity generation in Indian future competitive power market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Developed countries have seen renewable energy as a key tool for emission reduction as well as reducing reliance on oil gas and coal.Renewable energy sources (RESs) and technologies have potential to provide solutions to the longstanding energy problems being faced by the developing countries. In the future competitive electricity market for India it becomes very much important to give special consideration for development of RESs due to economic environmental and other social problems related with conventional generations.Solar energy can be an important part of India's plan not only to add new capacity but also to increase energy security and lead the massive market for renewable energy. The major problem with solar powergeneration (SPG) is high cost of renewable generation. The Indian government is providing a lot of subsidy in order to encourage renewable energygenerations. This paper presents an approach for reduction in subsidy of SPG used as distributed generator in competitive power market. The proposed approach has been validated with IEEE 14-bus and IEEE 30-bus systems.

Naveen Kumar Sharma; Yog Raj Sood

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Impact of dispersed solar and wind systems on electric distribution planning and operation  

SciTech Connect

Small-scale dispersed solar photovoltaic and wind generation (DSW) will affect the generation, transmission, and distribution systems of an electric utility. This study examines the technical and economic impacts of dispersing DSW devices within the distribution system. Dispersed intermittent generation is included. Effects of DSW devices on capital investments, reliability, operating and maintenance costs, protection requirements, and communication and control requirements are examined. A DSW operation model is developed to help determine the dependable capacity of fluctuating solar photovoltaic and wind generation as part of the distribution planning process. Specific case studies using distribution system data and renewable resource data for Southern California Edison Company and Consumers Power Company are analyzed to gain insights into the effects of interconnecting DSW devices. The DSW devices were found to offer some distribution investment savings, depending on their availability during peak loads. For a summer-peaking utility, for example, dispersing photovoltaic systems is more likely to defer distribution capital investments than dispersing wind systems. Dispersing storage devices to increase DSW's dependable capacity for distribution systems needs is not economically attractive. Substation placement of DSW and storage devices is found to be more cost effective than feeder or customer placement. Examination of the effects of DSW on distribution system operation showed that small customer-owned DSW devices are not likely to disrupt present time-current distribution protection coordination. Present maintenance work procedures, are adequate to ensure workmen's safety. Regulating voltages within appropriate limits will become more complex with intermittent generation along the distribution feeders.

Boardman, R.W.; Patton, R.; Curtice, D.H.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Neat Tallow Combustion in a Large Diesel Engine for Electricity Generation from Waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper explores how neat tallow can be used as a renewable fuel from waste for electricity generation in a large direct injection (DI) diesel engine capable of burning higher viscosity fuel. ... The fuel supply panel is linked with the main engine control panel, so that any alarm state of the plant (i.e., grid voltage fault, engine overheating) results in automatic change over into diesel modesystem flushing. ... Reforming Mini Reactor ...

Jakub Piaszyk; Perry Leung; Miroslaw L. Wyszynski; Athanasios Tsolakis; Barney Williams; Paul Latham; Andrew P. E. York

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

Analysis of International Policies In The Solar Electricity Sector: Lessons for India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and GTM Research (2010), U.S. solar energy trade assessment2010), U.S. solar energy trade assessment 2010: Trade flows2010: Trade flows and domestic content for solar energy-

Deshmukh, Ranjit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

EVALUATION OF A SULFUR OXIDE CHEMICAL HEAT STORAGE PROCESS FOR A STEAM SOLAR ELECTRIC PLANT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economical energy storage is essential if solar power plantsthis type of energy storage system into a solar power plant.all of the energy storage required for a solar power plant,

Dayan, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Approaches To Integrating A HIgh Penertration Of Solar PV and CPV Onto The Electrical Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the 20 th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and54 SolarphotovoltaicDistributedEnergyResources(DER)M. International Energy Agency Photovoltaic Power Systems

Hill, Steven Craig

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Analysis of International Policies In The Solar Electricity Sector: Lessons for India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Canada (Province of Ontario) have mandated domestic content in their solarCanada Norway Source: U.S. Department of Energy (2010), 2008 Solar

Deshmukh, Ranjit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

The absorption chiller in large scale solar pond cooling design with condenser heat rejection in the upper convecting zone  

SciTech Connect

The possibility of using solar ponds as low-cost solar collectors combined with commercial absorption chillers in large scale solar cooling design is investigated. The analysis is based on the combination of a steady-state solar pond mathematical model with the operational characteristics of a commercial absorption chiller, assuming condenser heat rejection in the upper convecting zone (U.C.Z.). The numerical solution of the nonlinear equations involved leads to results which relate the chiller capacity with pond design and environmental parameters, which are also employed for the investigation of the optimum pond size for a minimum capital cost. The derived cost per cooling kW for a 350 kW chiller ranges from about 300 to 500 $/kW cooling. This is almost an order of magnitude lower than using a solar collector field of evacuated tube type.

Tsilingiris, P.T. (Commercial Bank of Greece, Athens (Greece))

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Large scale simulations of solar type III radio bursts: flux density, drift rate, duration and bandwidth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-thermal electrons accelerated in the solar corona can produce intense coherent radio emission, known as solar type III radio bursts. This intense radio emission is often observed from hundreds of MHz in the corona down to the tens of kHz range in interplanetary space. It involves a chain of physical processes from the generation of Langmuir waves to nonlinear processes of wave-wave interaction. We develop a self-consistent model to calculate radio emission from a non-thermal electron population over large frequency range, including the effects of electron transport, Langmuir wave-electron interaction, the evolution of Langmuir waves due to non-linear wave-wave interactions, Langmuir wave conversion into electromagnetic emission, and finally escape of the electromagnetic waves. For the first time we simulate escaping radio emission over a broad frequency range from 500~MHz down to a few MHz and infer key properties of the radio emission observed: the onset (starting) frequency, {identification as fundament...

Ratcliffe, H; Reid, H A S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Sandia National Laboratories: solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

heat can also be efficiently and cheaply stored to produce electricity when the sun ... Solar Energy On February 3, 2011, in Solar Programs Photovoltaics Concentrating Solar...

277

Design of Nanostructured Solar Cells Using Coupled Optical and Electrical Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar cells: modeling, materials and device technology. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Norwell, Massachusetts

Deceglie, Michael G

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Risk-based bidding of large electric utilities using Information Gap Decision Theory considering demand response  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present study presents a new risk-constrained bidding strategy formulation of large electric utilities in, presence of demand response programs. The considered electric utility consists of generation facilities, along with a retailer part, which is responsible for supplying associated demands. The total profit of utility comes from participating in day-ahead energy markets and selling energy to corresponding consumers via retailer part. Different uncertainties, such as market price, affect the profit of the utility. Therefore, here, attempts are made to make use of Information Gap Decision Theory (IGDT) to obtain a robust scheduling method against the unfavorable deviations of the market prices. Implementing demand response programs sounds attractive for the consumers through providing some incentives in one hand, and it improves the risk hedging capability of the utility on the other hand. The proposed method is applied to a test system and effect of demand response programs is investigated on the total profit of the utility.

M. Kazemi; B. Mohammadi-Ivatloo; M. Ehsan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Turbine layout for and optimization of solar chimney power conversion units.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The power conversion unit of a large solar chimney power plant converts the fluid power, first into mechanical power, and then into electrical (more)

Fluri, Thomas Peter

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Curvature and torsion effects in electric current-carrying twisted solar loops  

SciTech Connect

Riemannian geometry of the electric current-carrying solar loops is obtained from a thin tube approximation of twisted magnetic flux tubes. The Frenet torsion and curvature affect the electron drift speed of the electrons of the current along the toroidal direction of the tube. The twist of the tube is computed and it is shown that twist is maximum at the surface of the tube and minimum at the tube axis. This acts as inertia effects to the electron drift. The higher the torsion of the tube axis the smaller is the velocity along the direction of the tube. This effect is similar to the one obtained by Tyspin et al. [Physics of Plasmas, 5, 3385 (1998)] in the case of toroidal devices with curvature and torsion. Here the simple geometrical effects are enough to slow down the currents and no viscosity in the fluid is taken into account. A slight compressibility of the plasma flow is due to the twist of the tube. As applications of these ideas, it is shown that torsion effects are not enough to accelerate electrons up to relativistic energies, and the torsion is computed in the case of the force-free loop. The value of torsion is used to compute the electron acceleration in two distinct cases. The first is the case when the Riemann loop suffers the action of a dc electric sub-Dreicer field, where the magnetic field is direct along the magnetic loop, and the loop moves along the orthogonal direction to the loop as in vortex filaments. In this case, the acceleration is shown to be of the order of 10{sup -17} cm s{sup -2} for a solar torsion of the order of 10{sup -4} cm{sup -1}. The second case is for the curvature drift contribution, where torsion is also present. In this case we show that torsion is not present in the velocity drift but just in the electron acceleration. Though these values are extremely low, they can be improved by considering small loops lowering the radius of the loop which, here, was taken as 600 km. Curvature drift acceleration is also estimated as 100 cm s{sup -2}.

Garcia de Andrade, L. C. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica-IF-UERJ, Rua Sao Francisco Xavier 524, Rio de Janeiro, RJ Maracana, CEP 20550-013 Brazil (Brazil)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Nitrogen isotopes in the recent solar wind from the analysis of genesis targets: evidence for large scale isotope heterogeneity in the nascent solar system  

SciTech Connect

Nitrogen, the fifth most abundant element in the universe, displays the largest stable isotope variations in the solar system reservoirs after hydrogen. Yet the value of isotopic composition of solar nitrogen, presumably the best proxy of the protosolar nebula composition, is not known. Nitrogen isotopes trapped in Genesis spacecraft target material indicate a 40 % depletion of {sup 15}N in solar wind N relative to inner planets and meteorites, and define a composition for the present-day Sun undistinguishable from that of Jupiter's atmosphere. These results indicate that the isotopic composition of of nitrogen in the outer convective zone of the Sun (OCZ) has not changed through time, and is representative of the protosolar nebula. Large {sup 15}N enrichments during e.g., irradiation, or contributions from {sup 15}N-rich presolar components, are required to account for planetary values.

Wiens, Roger C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Marty, Bernard [INSU-CNRS; Zimmermann, Laurent [INSU-CNRS; Burnard, Peter G [INSU-CNRS; Burnett, Donald L [CALTECH; Heber, Veronika S [ETH ZURICH; Wieler, Rainer [ETH ZURICH; Bochsler, Peter [UNIV OV BERN

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Solar ADEPT: Efficient Solar Energy Systems  

SciTech Connect

Solar ADEPT Project: The 7 projects that make up ARPA-E's Solar ADEPT program, short for 'Solar Agile Delivery of Electrical Power Technology,' aim to improve the performance of photovoltaic (PV) solar energy systems, which convert the sun's rays into electricity. Solar ADEPT projects are integrating advanced electrical components into PV systems to make the process of converting solar energy to electricity more efficient.

None

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Profiling the Built-In Electrical Potential in III-V Multijunction Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect

We report on a direct measurement of the electrical potential on cross-sections of GaInP{sub 2}/GaAs multiple-junction solar cells by using an ultrahigh-vacuum scanning Kelvin probe microscope (UHV-SKPM). The UHV-SKPM allows us to measure the potential without air molecules being adsorbed on the cross-sectional surface. Moreover, it uses a GaAs laser with photon energy of 1.4 eV for the atomic force microscope (AFM) operation. This eliminated the light-absorption-induced bottom-junction flattening and top-junction enhancement, which happened in our previous potential measurement using a 1.85-eV laser for the AFM operation. Three potentials were measured at the top, tunneling, and bottom junctions. Values of the potentials are smaller than the potentials in the bulk. This indicates that the Fermi level on the UHV-cleaved (110) surface was pinned, presumably due to defects upon cleaving. We also observed higher potentials at atomic steps than on the terraces for both GaInP2 epitaxial layer and GaAs substrate. Combining scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and SKPM measurements, we found that the potential height at steps of the GaAs substrate depends on the step direction, which is probably a direct result of unbalanced cations and anions at the steps.

Jiang, C.-S.; Friedman, D. J.; Moutinho, H. R.; Al-Jassim, M. M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Profiling the Built-in Electrical Potential in III-V Multijunction Solar Cells: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

We report on a direct measurement of the electrical potential on cross-sections of GaInP2/GaAs multiple-junction solar cells by using an ultrahigh-vacuum scanning Kelvin probe microscope (UHV-SKPM). The UHV-SKPM allows us to measure the potential without air molecules being adsorbed on the cross-sectional surface. Moreover, it uses a GaAs laser with photon energy of 1.4 eV for the atomic force microscope (AFM) operation. This eliminated the light-absorption-induced bottom-junction flattening and top-junction enhancement, which happened in our previous potential measurement using a 1.85-eV laser for the AFM operation. Three potentials were measured at the top, tunneling, and bottom junctions. Values of the potentials are smaller than the potentials in the bulk. This indicates that the Fermi level on the UHV-cleaved (110) surface was pinned, presumably due to defects upon cleaving. We also observed higher potentials at atomic steps than on the terraces for both GaInP2 epitaxial layer and GaAs substrate. Combining scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and SKPM measurements, we found that the potential height at steps of the GaAs substrate depends on the step direction, which is probably a direct result of unbalanced cations and anions at the steps.

Jiang, C.-S.; Friedman, D. J.; Moutinho, H. R.; Al-Jassim, M. M.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Approaches To Integrating A HIgh Penertration Of Solar PV and CPV Onto The Electrical Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

problems are encountered. There are utility concerns that a high penetration of inverter-based solar energyproblem with a non-imaging 2D Fresnel concentrator. Lorenzo (1981) evaluated chromatic aberrations in solar energy

Hill, Steven Craig

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

LARGE-SCALE CORONAL PROPAGATING FRONTS IN SOLAR ERUPTIONS AS OBSERVED BY THE ATMOSPHERIC IMAGING ASSEMBLY ON BOARD THE SOLAR DYNAMICS OBSERVATORYAN ENSEMBLE STUDY  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a study of a large sample of global disturbances in the solar corona with characteristic propagating fronts as intensity enhancement, similar to the phenomena that have often been referred to as Extreme Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (EIT) waves or extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) waves. Now EUV images obtained by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory provide a significantly improved view of these large-scale coronal propagating fronts (LCPFs). Between 2010 April and 2013 January, a total of 171 LCPFs have been identified through visual inspection of AIA images in the 193 channel. Here we focus on the 138 LCPFs that are seen to propagate across the solar disk, first studying how they are associated with flares, coronal mass ejections (CMEs), and type II radio bursts. We measure the speed of the LCPF in various directions until it is clearly altered by active regions or coronal holes. The highest speed is extracted for each LCPF. It is often considerably higher than EIT waves. We do not find a pattern where faster LCPFs decelerate and slow LCPFs accelerate. Furthermore, the speeds are not strongly correlated with the flare intensity or CME magnitude, nor do they show an association with type II bursts. We do not find a good correlation either between the speeds of LCPFs and CMEs in a subset of 86 LCPFs observed by one or both of the Solar and Terrestrial Relations Observatory spacecraft as limb events.

Nitta, Nariaki V.; Schrijver, Carolus J.; Title, Alan M.; Liu, Wei [Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, Dept/A021S, B/252, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)

2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

287

AEROSPACE TECHNOLOGY REVIEW FOR LBL WINDOW/PASSIVE SOLAR PROGRAM FINAL REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conversion of Solar Energy, THEM Project", Trans. ofOrtega, "Solar Total Energy "I" Test Facility Project Testsolar energy for large scale electrical generational" even for more modest projects

Viswanathan, R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Abstract--Electrical Distribution Systems (EDS) are facing ever-increasing complexity due to fast growing demand and large  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

operation. As such Electrical Distribution Systems will require new planning strategies and tools, new1 Abstract-- Electrical Distribution Systems (EDS) are facing ever-increasing complexity due to fast growing demand and large amount of distributed energy resources integration. The conventional

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

289

Approaches To Integrating A HIgh Penertration Of Solar PV and CPV Onto The Electrical Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar having a combined 15,000 Gigawatts of potential capacity [1,2]. For the past 30 years, California

Hill, Steven Craig

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Analysis of the Potential for a Heat Island Effect in Large Solar Vasilis Fthenakis1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract -- Large-scale solar power plants are being built at a rapid rate, and are setting up to use utility scale PV plant and the surrounding region. The results from these simulations can be extrapolated hundreds of thousands of acres of land surface. The thermal energy flows to the environment related

291

Electric Market and Utility Operation Terminology (Fact Sheet), Solar Energy Technologies Program (SETP)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This fact sheet is a list of electric market and utility operation terminology for a series of three electricity fact sheets.

292

Electricity Rate Structures and the Economics of Solar PV: Could Mandatory Time-of-Use Rates Undermine Californias Solar Photovoltaic Subsidies?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D I. Introduction The California Solar Initiative (CSI) wasnal cost. First, the California Solar Initiative o?ers aActually Undermine the California Solar Initiative? The

Borenstein, Severin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Using direct normal irradiance models and utility electrical loading to assess benefit of a concentrating solar power plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this paper was to determine if three different direct normal irradiance (DNI) models were sufficiently accurate to determine if concentrating solar power (CSP) plants could meet the utility electrical load. DNI data were measured at three different laboratories in the United States and compared with DNI calculated by three DNI models. In addition, utility electrical loading data were obtained for all three locations. The DNI models evaluated were: the Direct Insolation Simulation Code (DISC), DIRINT, and DIRINDEX. On an annual solar insolation (e.g. kWh/m2) basis, the accuracy of the DNI models at all three locations was within: 7% (DISC), 5% (DIRINT), and 3% (DIRINDEX). During the three highest electrical loading months at the three locations, the monthly accuracy varied from: 0% to 16% (DISC), 0% to 9% (DIRINT), and 0% to 8% (DIRINDEX). At one location different pyranometers were used to measure GHI, and the most expensive pyranometers did not improve the DNI model monthly accuracy. In lieu of actually measuring DNI, using the DIRINT model was felt to be sufficient for assessing whether to build a CSP plant at one location, but use of either the DIRINT or DIRINDEX models was felt to be marginal for the other two locations due to errors in modeling DNI for utility peak electrical loading days especially for partly cloudy days.

Brian D. Vick; Daryl R. Myers; William E. Boyson

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Large-scale electric fields resulting from magnetic reconnection in the corona  

SciTech Connect

The method of Forbes and Priest (2-D model) is applied to the large two-ribbon flare of July 29, 1973, for which both detailed H..cap alpha.. observations and magnetic data are available. For this flare the ribbons were long, nearly straight, and parallel to each other, and the 2-D model for the coronal field geometry may be adequate. The temporal profile E(t) is calculated and indicates that reconnection sets in at the beginning of the decay phase. From this time the electric field grows rapidly to a maximum value of about 2 V/cm within just a few minutes. Thereafter the decreases monotonically with time. 14 refs., 1 figs. (WRF)

Kopp, R.A.; Poletto, G.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

An analysis of the current costs and future prospects of solar photovoltaic electricity.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The solar photovoltaic industry has many barriers to overcome before it can become a technically and economically competitive generation source including (1) lowering true generation (more)

Wong, Alexander Tung-Qiang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Evaluation of Four Imaging Techniques for the Electrical Characterization of Solar Cells (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

The imaging techniques enable the possibility of higher-level quality control and defect analysis of solar cell materials in in-line production processes.

Johnston. S.; Berman, G.; Call, N.; Ahrenkiel, R.

2008-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

297

Analysis of International Policies In The Solar Electricity Sector: Lessons for India  

SciTech Connect

Although solar costs are dropping rapidly, solar power is still more expensive than conventional and other renewable energy options. The solar sector still needs continuing government policy support. These policies are driven by objectives that go beyond the goal of achieving grid parity. The need to achieve multiple objectives and ensure sufficient political support for solar power makes it diffi cult for policy makers to design the optimal solar power policy. The dynamic and uncertain nature of the solar industry, combined with the constraints offered by broader economic, political and social conditions further complicates the task of policy making. This report presents an analysis of solar promotion policies in seven countries - Germany, Spain, the United States, Japan, China, Taiwan, and India - in terms of their outlook, objectives, policy mechanisms and outcomes. The report presents key insights, primarily in qualitative terms, and recommendations for two distinct audiences. The first audience consists of global policy makers who are exploring various mechanisms to increase the penetration of solar power in markets to mitigate climate change. The second audience consists of key Indian policy makers who are developing a long-term implementation plan under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission and various state initiatives.

Deshmukh, Ranjit; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Gambhir, Ashwin; Phadke, Amol

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

298

Getting More Electricity out of Solar Cells | U.S. DOE Office...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

expertise to investigate this problem. In 2013, they reported making the first solar cell that gives off extra electrons from high-energy visible light, which makes up...

299

Integrated Solar Thermochemical Reaction System for High Efficiency Production of Electricity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation was delivered at the SunShot Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Program Review 2013, held April 2325, 2013 near Phoenix, Arizona.

300

Development of an economical model to determine an appropriate feed-in tariff for grid-connected solar PV electricity in all states of Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Australia is a country with a vast amount of natural resources including sun and wind. Australia lies between latitude of 1045S and longitude of 112152E, with a daily solar exposure of between less than 3MJ/(m2day) in winter and more than 30MJ/(m2day) in summer. Global solar radiation in Australia varies between minimum of 3285MJ/(m2year) in Hobart to 8760MJ/(m2year) in Northern Territory. As a result of this wide range of radiation level there will be a big difference between costs of solar PV electricity in different locations. A study we have recently conducted on the solar PV electricity price in all states of Australia. For this purpose we have developed an economical model and a computer simulation to determine the accurate unit price of grid-connected roof-top solar photovoltaic (PV) electricity in A$/kWh for all state of Australia. The benefit of this computer simulation is that we can accurately determine the most appropriate feed-in tariff of grid-connected solar PV energy system. The main objective of this paper is to present the results of this study. A further objective of this paper is to present the details of the unit price of solar PV electricity in the state of Victoria in each month and then to compare with electricity price from conventional power systems, which is currently applied to this state. The state Victoria is located south of Australia and in terms of sun radiation is second lowest compared with the other Australian states. The computer simulation developed for this study makes it possible to determine the cost of grid-connected solar PV electricity at any location in any country based on availability of average daily solar exposure of each month as well as economical factors of the country.

A. Zahedi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Global potential for wind-generated electricity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...monthly averages of wind power production...negative. Very large wind power penetration...forms. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles...excesses in electricity system, while energy-rich...storage. Potential wind-generated electricity...only wind but also solar. The additional...

Xi Lu; Michael B. McElroy; Juha Kiviluoma

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Large Solar Assisted Heat Pump Systems in Collective Housing: In-situ Monitoring Results for Summer Season  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This article presents the behavior of an existing system combining solar collectors and heat pumps at large scale (10000 living m2, more than 1000 m2 solar collectors) for space heating and domestic hot water production, focusing on summer period. Ongoing detailed monitoring enables to measure its energy performance. The monitoring results for 2012 show a system SPF of 2.9 (2.6 in winter and 4.4 in summer). The direct solar fraction in summer is lower than 50%, which is low considering the oversizing of the solar collector area for domestic hot water production. The high domestic hot water demand (?50 kWh/m2/yr whereas the usual value is around 20) can partly explain this low value, but other factors should also be considered. The results presented in this article are part of a research project aiming to assess the relevance of the concept of coupling solar thermal and heat pumps in various types of building (especially existing buildings with low efficient thermal envelope).

Carolina Fraga; Floriane Mermoud; Pierre Hollmuller; Eric Pampaloni; Bernard Lachal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

A Tutorial on Detection and Characterization of Special Behavior in Large Electric Power Systems  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this document is to report results in the detection and characterization of special behavior in large electric power systems. Such behavior is usually dynamic in nature, but not always. This is also true for the underlying sources of special behavior. At the device level, a source of special behavior might be an automatic control system, a dynamic load, or even a manual control system that is operated according to some sharply defined policy. Other possible sources include passive system conditions, such as the state of a switched device or the amount of power carried on some critical line. Detection and characterization are based upon signature information that is extracted from the behavior observed. Characterization elements include the signature information itself, the nature of the behavior and its likely causes, and the associated implications for the system or for the public at large. With sufficient data and processing, this characterization may directly identify a particular condition or device at a specific location. Such conclusive results cannot always be done from just one observation, however. Information environments that are very sparse may require multiple observations, comparative model studies, and even direct testing of the system.

Hauer, John F.; DeSteese, John G.

2004-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

304

Techno-economic evaluation of a ventilation system assisted with exhaust air heat recovery, electrical heater and solar energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The energy consumed to condition fresh air is considerable, particularly for the buildings such as cinema, theatre or gymnasium saloons. The aim of the present study is to design a ventilation system assisted with exhaust air heat recovery unit, electrical heater and stored solar energy, then to make an economical analysis based on life cycle cost (LCC) to find out its payback period. The system is able to recover thermal energy of exhaust air, store solar energy during the sunlight period and utilize it in the period between 17:00 and 24:00h. The transient behaviour of the system is simulated by the TRNSYS 16 software for winter period from 1st of November to 31st of March for Izmir city of Turkey. The obtained results show that the suggested ventilation system reduces energy consumption by 86% compared to the conventional ventilation system in which an electrical heater is used. The payback period of the suggested system is found to be 5 years and 8 months which is a promising result in favour of the solar energy usage in building ventilation systems.

Gamze Ozyogurtcu; Moghtada Mobedi; Baris Ozerdem

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

The cost of balancing a parabolic trough concentrated solar power plant in the Spanish electricity spot markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study presents a new dispatch model (SCSP) for a CSP plant based on a dynamic programing algorithm. The purpose is to investigate the cost of balancing a CSP plant in the Spanish electricity market. Results are presented for a parabolic plant in the Spanish market for years 2009, 2010 and 2011 using solar availability data at the Plataforma Solar, Andalucia, Spain. The variation of balancing cost with solar multiple (SM) and number of storage hours (Nh) is analysed and results for two different optimisation cases presented. The first uses day-ahead forecasts for both solar availability and market prices. The second uses day-ahead solar availability and within-day market price forecasts. Both cases are settled in the balancing market. Key results include that the balancing cost decreases with increased SM and Nh and that balancing costs can be 2.2% to 9.5% of the plants gross income. For all SM and Nh, balancing costs are a function of season, being lower in summer than winter driven by increased load-factor in summer. During the year Quarter 3 has a lower balancing cost than Quarter 2 due to a closer match between forecast and actual solar availability. Optimising against within-day prices costs more than with day-ahead prices resulting from more balancing energy traded at a less favourable price than day-ahead. It is envisaged that the numbers presented in this study will provide an aid to policy makers when constructing tariffs to support future CSP development.

S.W. Channon; P.C. Eames

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Towards Large Area Industrial Cost Competitive Coating for Thin Film Solar Electricity Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thin film PV market faces a struggling situation due to the need of reducing strongly prices, which can be done by increasing efficiency and reducing fabrication costs. Improvement of...

Bermudez, Veronica

307

End-users' experiences with electricity supply from stand-alone mini-grid solar PV power stations in rural areas of western China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The aim of this study is to understand electricity supply from stand-alone mini-grid solar PV power stations in remote rural areas of western China from the perspective of end-users including: their satisfaction, evaluation of sufficiency of electricity supply, positive experiences, negative experiences, behaviors, and needs. The methodology used for this study adopts the approach of an in-depth case study with field research. Two townships, Saierlong Township in Qinghai Province and Namcuo Township in Tibet Autonomous Region (AR), were selected for the case studies. The methods for collecting data are interviews and household surveys in the field. Based on end-users' experiences, the households in both investigated townships were not satisfied with the electricity service. The main concerns were the insufficiency of electricity supply and unreliable electricity service. The insufficiency of the electricity supply was due to lack of information about local household electricity needs. As for the issue of unreliable electricity service, electricity was not regularly supplied on a daily basis. The duration of daily electricity supply was also not stable. The households were unable to predict the starting and ending times of daily electricity supply. Hence, when planning rural electrification with stand-alone mini-grid solar PV power stations, end-users' electricity demand approach should be taken into consideration, instead of only electricity supply approach.

Chian-Woei Shyu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Akeena Solar Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Akeena Solar Inc Place: Los Gatos, California Zip: CA 95032 Sector: Solar Product: Residential and commercial solar electric system installer in the US. References: Akeena Solar...

309

Solar Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are major advantages to using solar energy for a variety of energy needs including electrical generation and space heating. The availability of solar radiation is extremely high in some localities of the...

Charles E. Brown Ph.D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

concentrating solar power | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

concentrating solar power concentrating solar power Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (7 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric hectares km2 land land requirements land use land-use mean photovoltaic photovoltaics PV solar statistics Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Master Solar Land Use Spreadsheet (xlsx, 1.5 MiB)

311

Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and incentives for siting solar water heating systems at homes with electric water heating systems. * In 2005, the Solar Electric Power Association awarded a Business...

312

Presented at Solar World Congress, Beijing, September 18 22 2007 PARABOLOIDAL DISH SOLAR CONCENTRATORS FOR MULTI-MEGAWATT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MWe of installed capacity in California, operating continuously for 20 years. After a long periodPresented at Solar World Congress, Beijing, September 18 ­ 22 2007 PARABOLOIDAL DISH SOLAR ,AUSTRALIA AUSTRALIA keith.lovegrove@anu.edu.au ABSTRACT Large scale solar thermal electric power generation

313

Application of Centrifugation to the Large-Scale Purification of Electric Arc-Produced Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Application of Centrifugation to the Large-Scale Purification of Electric Arc-Produced Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes ... Electric arc-discharge AP-SWNTs were obtained from Carbon Solutions, Inc. (www.carbonsolution.com). ... Using microwave processing and 4 M HCl acid reflux for 6 h we were able to remove residual metal (Ni, Y) in arc-discharge SWNTs to a level lower than 0.2 wt % (?0.04 at. ...

Aiping Yu; Elena Bekyarova; Mikhail E. Itkis; Danylo Fakhrutdinov; Robert Webster; Robert C. Haddon

2006-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

314

Dynamic simulation of the thermal and electrical behavior of a thermionic converter coupled to a solar concentrator  

SciTech Connect

A mathematical simulation for the dynamic thermal and electrical behavior of a thermionic converter coupled to a solar concentrator, is presented. The thermionic device is a Cesium-filled thermionic diode operating in the ignited mode. The emitter of the device is made of polycrystalline Rhenium and the collector of the device of Molybdenum. The solar concentrator is a parabolic dish. The designed emitter and collector temperatures are 1,850 K and 928 K, respectively. However, due to changes in ambient conditions, the collector efficiency varies and so does the system efficiency. This fact makes it necessary to evaluate the design of the system not just for one hour with constant conditions but also for a whole operating day. The paper presents plots for the emitter and collector thermionic device temperatures and power and voltage for a constant resistance load as a function of time.

Perez, G. [CUAP-UAP, Puebla (Mexico). Centro de Investigaciones en Dispositivos Semiconductores; Estrada, C.A.; Cervantes, J.G. [UNAM, Temixco, Morelos (Mexico). Solar Energy Research Lab.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

315

Risk implications of the deployment of renewables for investments in electricity generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the potential risk implications that a large penetration of intermittent renewable electricity generation -such as wind and solar power- may have on the future electricity generation technology mix, ...

Sisternes, Fernando J. de (Fernando Jos de Sisternes Jimnez)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Wealth Transfers Among Large Customers from Implementing Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Severin. Time-Varying Retail Electricity Prices: Theory andCustomer Risk from Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing:Markets With Time-Invariant Retail Prices, RAND Journal of

Borenstein, Severin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Large Consumer Electricity Acquisition Considering Time-of-Use Rates Demand Response Programs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The consumers try to obtain their electricity demand at minimum cost from different resources in restructured electricity markets. Hence more attention have been made on demand response programs (DRP) which aims ...

Sayyad Nojavan; Hadi Qesmati; Kazem Zare

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Sandia National Laboratories: Solar Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

heat can also be efficiently and cheaply stored to produce electricity when the sun ... Solar Energy On February 3, 2011, in Solar Programs Photovoltaics Concentrating Solar...

319

Planning for PV: The Value and Cost of Solar Electricity (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This is a brochure developed specifically for residential home builders. It provides information on basic financial factors and additional resources to consider when incorporating solar technologies into building plans.

Not Available

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Approaches To Integrating A HIgh Penertration Of Solar PV and CPV Onto The Electrical Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WorkshoponRenewableEnergyCostsforthe2012Integratedrenewable portfolio standards (RPS) and energy efficiency goals in a costcost of installing rooftop solar panels. While the renewable energy

Hill, Steven Craig

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

NPS-SCAT electrical power system ; Naval Postgraduate School Solar Cell Array Tester .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Naval Postgraduate School Solar Cell Array Tester (NPS-SCAT) seeks to expand the CubeSat knowledge base and provide learning possibilities at the Naval Postgraduate School. (more)

Dorn, Lawrence Tyrone.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Analysis of International Policies In The Solar Electricity Sector: Lessons for India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems and solar system micro-grids are being looked uponSupport for off-grid/micro-grid applications manufacturingSupport for off-grid/micro-grid applications development

Deshmukh, Ranjit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Final report for %22High performance computing for advanced national electric power grid modeling and integration of solar generation resources%22, LDRD Project No. 149016.  

SciTech Connect

Design and operation of the electric power grid (EPG) relies heavily on computational models. High-fidelity, full-order models are used to study transient phenomena on only a small part of the network. Reduced-order dynamic and power flow models are used when analysis involving thousands of nodes are required due to the computational demands when simulating large numbers of nodes. The level of complexity of the future EPG will dramatically increase due to large-scale deployment of variable renewable generation, active load and distributed generation resources, adaptive protection and control systems, and price-responsive demand. High-fidelity modeling of this future grid will require significant advances in coupled, multi-scale tools and their use on high performance computing (HPC) platforms. This LDRD report demonstrates SNL's capability to apply HPC resources to these 3 tasks: (1) High-fidelity, large-scale modeling of power system dynamics; (2) Statistical assessment of grid security via Monte-Carlo simulations of cyber attacks; and (3) Development of models to predict variability of solar resources at locations where little or no ground-based measurements are available.

Reno, Matthew J.; Riehm, Andrew Charles; Hoekstra, Robert John; Munoz-Ramirez, Karina; Stamp, Jason Edwin; Phillips, Laurence R.; Adams, Brian M.; Russo, Thomas V.; Oldfield, Ron A.; McLendon, William Clarence, III; Nelson, Jeffrey Scott; Hansen, Clifford W.; Richardson, Bryan T.; Stein, Joshua S.; Schoenwald, David Alan; Wolfenbarger, Paul R.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Hawaiian Electric Company Demand Response Roadmap Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with residential electric resistance water heater solar system backup electric resistance water heaters. Anheaters require electric resistance backup water heaters.

Levy, Roger

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Oxford Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name Oxford Solar Place Randolph, New Jersey Zip 7869 Sector Solar Product Oxford Solar provides solar energy consulting and installation for both large and small-scale solar electric power applications. Coordinates 43.54566°, -89.007704° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.54566,"lon":-89.007704,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

326

Electricity Rate Structures and the Economics of Solar PV: Could Mandatory Time-of-Use Rates Undermine Californias Solar Photovoltaic Subsidies?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into e?ect for solar-rebate recipients. By June, CaliforniaTOU mandate makes the solar rebate program less attractive ?of Californias solar rebate databases indicates that there

Borenstein, Severin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Sub-metering to Electricity Use in Large-scale Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;?#0;? Practice??Project example #0;?#0;? Use of data??Analysis Software Sub-metering and statistics to electricity use in commercial buildings 8 Method of sub-metering Whole electric power consumption of a building Hvac system Heating Circulating pump Oter... systems and equipments Equipments on Socket Special function room Electrically driven heating equipment Chiller Fan of cooling tower Chilled pump cooling pump Air hand unit Fresh air hand unit Fan coil unit Air conditioner Heating water system drinking...

Yuan, W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

High Efficiency Large Area AlGaAs/GaAs Concentrator Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 1-kWp ( peak at 100 mw/cm2 incident power dencity ) concentrating photovoltaic array with 180 square Presnel plastic lenses and AlGaAs/GaAs concentrator solar cells has been constructed. The AlGaAs/GaAs concetr...

S. Yoshida; K. Mitsui; T. Oda; Y. Yukimoto

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Modeling a solar energy system for required heat and electricity of a house  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In attaining sustainable development, energy efficiency processes and sustainable energy resources play an important role. The use of renewable energies offers a wide range of benefits and low CO2-emision. A sustainable energy system may be regarded ... Keywords: TEG modules, parabolic mirrors, photovoltaic, renewable energy (RE), seebeck module, solar energy

C?t?lin Mocanu; Krisztina Uzuneanu; Joaquim Carlos Freitas; Jorge Martins; Daniela Tasma

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Effects of Highly Non-uniform Illumination Distribution on Electrical Performance of Solar Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be considered by defining an equivalent lumped series resistance and then modelling the cell with the solar cell equivalent circuit (Nielsen 1982; Sokolic et al. 1993). However, the equivalent lumped resistance value particular attention must be paid to series resistance which is distributed in nature. The main sources

331

The large-scale solar feed-in tariff reverse auction in the Australian Capital Territory, Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Feed-in tariffs (FiTs) offer renewable energy developers significant investor certainty but sometimes at the cost of being misaligned with generation costs. Reverse FiT auctions, where the FiT rights for a predetermined capacity are auctioned, can overcome this problem but can be plagued by non-delivery risks, particularly of competitively priced proposals. In 2012 and 2013 the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) Government in Australia conducted a FiT reverse auction for 40MW of large-scale solar generating capacity, the first such auction undertaken in the country. The auction was highly competitive in relation to price and demonstrating low delivery risks. Proposal capital costs, particularly engineering, procurement and construction costs, as well as internal rates of return, were lower than expected. The auction process revealed limited land availability for large-scale solar developments in the ACT as well as a significant perceived sovereign risk issue. The auction process was designed to mitigate non-delivery risk by requiring proposals to be pre-qualified on the basis of delivery risk, before considering FiT pricing. The scheme is likely to be used by the ACT Government to support further large-scale renewable energy development as part of its greenhouse gas reduction strategy which is underpinned by a 90-per cent-by-2020 renewable energy target.

Greg Buckman; Jon Sibley; Richard Bourne

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Tradeoffs and Synergies between Biofuel Production and Large Solar Infrastructure in Deserts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar energy installations in deserts are on the rise, fueled by technological advances and policy changes. ... Colocation may not be practical in all locations, and further field studies are required to fully evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of colocation. ... Pimentel, D.; Marklein, A.; Toth, M. A.; Karpoff, M.; Paul, G. S.; McCormack, R.; Kyriazis, J.; Krueger, T.Biofuel impacts on world food supply: Use of fossil fuel, land and water resources Energies 2008, 1, 41 78 ...

Sujith Ravi; David B. Lobell; Christopher B. Field

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

333

Very Large Array observations of coronal loops and related observations of solar-type stars. Annual scientific report, 1 January-31 December 1984  

SciTech Connect

Observations of solar-active regions with the Very Large Array (V.L.A.) led to a new understanding of the origin and prediction of the solar bursts that disrupt communication systems and interfere with high-flying aircraft. The V.L.A. was used to delineate the temperature and magnetic structure at different heights in coronal loops, and the magnetic field strength was also determined. Much of the visible solar disk was resolved at 20-cm wavelength with 2.6-in. angular resolution. Snapshot maps at intervals of 3 seconds were used to specify changes in the temperature and the magnetic field before and during solar bursts. These snapshot maps were used to investigate the flow of plasma within coronal loops during solar bursts. Postflare loop systems were similarly investigated. These V.L.A. observations provided new information on coronal heating and emerging magnetic loops that may trigger the emission of solar bursts.

Lang, K.R.

1984-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

334

New Hampshire Electric Co-Op- Residential Solar Photovoltaic Incentive Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

New Hampshire Electric Co-op (NHEC) is offering rebates for residential, grid-tied photovoltaic (PV) systems up to one megawatt (MW) in capacity. The rebate is equal to 20% of the installed cost of...

335

Use of Optical Spectra to Measure Large Electric Fields in a Hot?Ion Plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intense electric fields found in the beam?plasma interface of Burnout V give rise to satellite spectra of the helium 23 P?43 D 3 F triplet (4471 ) and the 21 P?41 D 1 F singlet (4922 ) emission lines. Electric?field strengths increasing from near zero on the magnetic axis to about 7 kV cm?1 at 1 cm and then decreasing to less than 2 kV cm?1 at 2?cm radial distance are found. An Abel inversion giving intensity of the satellite lines as a function of plasma radius together with displacement and intensity of ? and ? components in the Zeeman structure of the satellites gives the electric?field strength and implies that the direction of the electric field is perpendicular to the magnetic axis.

F. R. Scott; R. V. Neidigh; J. R. McNally Jr.; William S. Cooper III

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Concentrating Solar Deployment System (CSDS) -- A New Model for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

solar resource or are close to large electric-load growth (such as in southern California). Fig. 6: CSP Capacity deployment by region in 2050 4. SENSITIVITY CASES FOR FEDERAL...

337

Microsoft PowerPoint - Durango Solar La Plata Electric Public Meeting srs  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Briefing on the Briefing on the U. S. Department of Energy Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Project at the Durango, Colorado, Site August 2011 Office of Legacy Management Office of Site Operations 2 2 Meeting Agenda Office of Legacy Management (LM) LM sites Durango Disposal Site background Long-term surveillance plan (LTSP) Environmental assessment for the solar PV project at the Durango Disposal Site DOE lease Path forward* * All information discussed at this meeting is available in the Expression of Interest that has been made publicly available. 3 3 About LM Part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Three primary offices: Washington, DC; Grand Junction, Colorado; and Morgantown, West Virginia LM Mission To manage DOE's post-closure responsibilities and ensure the

338

Future economic of concentrating solar power (CSP) for electricity generation in Egypt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Population growth and economic development are leading to a continuous increase in energy demand in Egypt. At the same time conventional energy sources are diminishing amid growing global concern for the environment. These factors underline the importance of increasing the use of Renewable Energy sources. Egypt has enormous potential in Solar energy (CSP). There is sufficient proof of Egypt?s potential for extracting energy from Concentrated Solar Power, especially power on demand generation. CSP represents a reliable and sustainable source of energy for Egypt with different outputs that can be used. In this paper, we present a road map strategy for the market introduction of CSP in Egypt, removing the main barriers for financing and starting market introduction in the peak load and the medium load segment of power supply.

Enas R. Shouman; N.M. Khattab

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

SunShot Solar Power Reduces Costs and Uncertainty in Future Low-Carbon Electricity Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While technology availability may not be a limiting factor in achieving deep emission reductions with wind and solar, well-designed market mechanisms and policy structures may need to be put in place in addition to long-term policy support for climate goals to ensure coordinated investment in R&D and infrastructure, and efficient deployment of enabling technologies such as storage, demand response, flexible transmission, and active controls. ...

Ana Mileva; James H. Nelson; Josiah Johnston; Daniel M. Kammen

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

340

Potential use of the Large Coil Test Facility (LCTF) for testing of ion thrusters for nuclear electric propulsion  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear Electric Propulsion (NEP) is one of several supporting technologies identified as necessary for exploration of the planets. At a workshop held in June 1990, experts from national laboratories and industry identified approximately a dozen reactor concepts to produce electric power to drive ion thrusters which convert the electricity into propulsion. Subsequent to the workshop, a DOE-sponsored facilities panel toured U.S. facilities where the technologies might be developed and tested. The Large Coil Test Facility (LCTF) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is an attractive option for testing of ion thrusters. This paper reviews the thruster concepts proposed, discusses key features of the LCTF, and outlines how thruster testing could be performed in this facility.

Homan, F.J.; Lubell, M.S.; Schwenterly, S.W.; Whealton, J.H. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States))

1993-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Solar Energy Technologies Office FY 2015 Budget At-A-Glance  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Solar Energy Technologies Office supports the SunShot Initiative goal to make solar energy technologies cost competitive with conventional energy sources by 2020. Reducing the total installed cost for utility?scale solar electricity by approximately 75% (2010 baseline) to roughly $0.06 per kWh without subsidies will enable rapid, large?scale adoption of solar electricity across the United States. This investment will help re?establish American technological and market leadership in solar energy, reduce environmental impacts of electricity generation, and strengthen U.S. economic competitiveness.

342

ELECTRIC  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

you nay give us will be greatly uppreckted. VPry truly your23, 9. IX. Sin0j3, Mtinager lclectronics and Nuclear Physics Dept. omh , WESTINGHOUSE-THE NAT KING IN ELECTRICITY...

343

Accepted for publication in Energy Policy Greenhouse-gas Emissions from Solar Electric-and Nuclear Power: A Life-cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accepted for publication in Energy Policy Greenhouse-gas Emissions from Solar Electric- and Nuclear, photovoltaic, nuclear, life cycle 1 #12;Introduction The production of energy by burning fossil fuels generates, it is envisioned that expanding generation technologies based on nuclear power and renewable energy sources would

344

EVALUATION OF A SULFUR OXIDE CHEMICAL HEAT STORAGE PROCESS FOR A STEAM SOLAR ELECTRIC PLANT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for storing oxygen is cavern storage. A large undergroundstorage; thus it seems that cavern storage is a definitetion of this system. Cavern storage becomes economical only

Dayan, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Rural Electrification Through Solar and Wind Hybrid System: A Self Sustained Grid Free Electric Power Source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In India, more than 200 million people live in rural areas without access to grid-connected power. A convenient & cost-effective solution would be hybrid power systems which can reduce dependency on grid supply, improve reliability. For a typical domestic load a solar wind hybrid system is designed with charge controller to charge a conventional battery. To optimize system efficiency, a simple algorithm is developed for system sizing. Total cost of unit is calculated using life cycle cost analysis and payback peri

Vadirajacharya; P.K. Katti

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Solar tree: Exploring new form factors of organic solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Organic solar cells have great potential as a clean and renewable solar energy conversion system, due to their low cost materials, ease of production, and lack of harmful emissions. The rapid improvement in organic solar cell performance in recent years has triggered significant interests in developing organic solar cells for commercial applications. Harnessing the unique set of characteristics of organic solar cells, here we demonstrate a new form factor for organic solar cells, a solar tree or an electricity-generating artificial tree with organic solar cells as leaves. We first fabricated polymer:fullerene based organic solar cells on flexible plastic substrates that show similar performance to devices on rigid glass substrates using the inverted device structure. Large-area flexible devices were fabricated and cut into palm leaf shapes with an active device area of 6.5cm2 using a steel rule die. 12 leaf-shaped organic solar cells were then assembled to form a prototype solar palm tree. Two different wiring configurations among the devices provided different power delivery modes: a low-voltage, high-current fan mode and a high voltage, low-current LED mode.

Weiran Cao; Zhifeng Li; Yixing Yang; Ying Zheng; Weijie Yu; Rimza Afzal; Jiangeng Xue

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Sandia National Laboratories: National Solar Thermal Test Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ECISEnergyRenewable EnergySolar EnergyConcentrating Solar Power ECISEnergyRenewable EnergySolar EnergyConcentrating Solar Power (CSP)National Solar Thermal Test Facility National Solar Thermal Test Facility NSTTF Interactive Tour National Solar Thermal Test Facility (NSTTF) Operated by Sandia National Laboratories for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the National Solar Thermal Test Facility (NSTTF) is the only test facility of this type in the United States. The NSTTF's primary goal is to provide experimental engineering data for the design, construction, and operation of unique components and systems in proposed solar thermal electrical plants planned for large-scale power generation. In addition, the site was built and instrumented to provide test facilities for a variety of solar and nonsolar applications. The facility can provide

348

Ferrostaal eSolar JV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

eSolar JV Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ferrostaal & eSolar JV Place: Germany Sector: Solar Product: Germany-based solar thermal electricity generation joint venture....

349

Effect of Ag doping on opto-electrical properties of CdS thin films for solar cell applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Cadmium sulfide (CdS) polycrystalline thin films of different thicknesses (ranging from 370nm to 750nm) were fabricated on corning glass substrates using Close Spaced Sublimation (CSS) technique. Optical and electrical investigation revealed that CdS thin films show an appreciable transparency (5070% transmission) in visible range and a highly resistive behavior (106?cm). Samples were doped by silver (Ag) at different concentrations, using ion exchange technique, in order to reduce the resistivity of CdS thin films and to improve their efficiency as a window layer for solar cell application. The doping of Ag in pure CdS thin films resulted into an increase of surface roughness and a decrease both in electrical resistivity and in transparency. By optimizing annealing parameters, we were able to properly control the optical properties of the present system. In fact, the Ag doping of pure CdS films has led to a decrease of the sample resistivity by three orders of magnitude (103?cm) against a 20% cut in optical transmission.

Adnan Nazir; Andrea Toma; Nazar Abbas Shah; Simone Panaro; Sajid Butt; Rizwan ur Rehman Sagar; Waseem Raja; Kamran Rasool; Asghari Maqsood

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Harmonic effects of solar geomagnetically induced currents on the electrical distribution system in nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect

Most previous analysis on the effects of geomagnetically induced currents (GIC) on electric utility systems has steady-state phenomena, with the main interest in the generator step-up transformer and the off-site power system. This paper begins to investigate the possible effects that a GIC event might have on the power plant itself, by examining the harmonic distortion that could exist at various voltage levels in the on-site distribution system.

Carroll, D.P. [Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States); Kasturi, S. [MOS, Inc., Melville, NY (United States); Subudhi, M.; Gunther, W. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

351

Harmonic effects of solar geomagnetically induced currents on the electrical distribution system in nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect

Most previous analysis on the effects of geomagnetically induced currents (GIC) on electric utility systems has steady-state phenomena, with the main interest in the generator step-up transformer and the off-site power system. This paper begins to investigate the possible effects that a GIC event might have on the power plant itself, by examining the harmonic distortion that could exist at various voltage levels in the on-site distribution system.

Carroll, D.P. (Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States)); Kasturi, S. (MOS, Inc., Melville, NY (United States)); Subudhi, M.; Gunther, W. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Large Apparent Electric Size of Solid-State Nanopores Due to Spatially Extended Surface Conduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The descriptions for entrance effects are based on the idea that the pore can be considered as several resistances in series(21, 22) with the resistance inside the pore Rp supplemented by the access resistances Rout on each side of the pore: R = Rp + 2Rout, so that the overall conductance verifies G = (Gp1 + 2Gout1)?1. ... To this end, we solved the PoissonNernstPlanck equations for the electric potential V and the K+/Cl ion concentration c using finite-element method (COMSOL). ... The corresponding equations coupling the electric potential V to the ion concentrations c write(5)where ? is the water permittivity, e the elementary charge, and N are the K+/Cl fluxes:(6)with ? the ion mobility (assumed to be equal for K+ and Cl). ...

Choongyeop Lee; Laurent Joly; Alessandro Siria; Anne-Laure Biance; Rmy Fulcrand; Lydric Bocquet

2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

353

Monitoring and Characterization of Miscellaneous Electrical Loads in a Large Retail Environment  

SciTech Connect

Buildings account for 40% of primary energy consumption in the United States (residential 22%; commercial 18%). Most (70% residential and 79% commercial) is used as electricity. Thus, almost 30% of U.S. primary energy is used to provide electricity to buildings. Plug loads play an increasingly critical role in reducing energy use in new buildings (because of their increased efficiency requirements), and in existing buildings (as a significant energy savings opportunity). If all installed commercial building miscellaneous electrical loads (CMELs) were replaced with energy-efficient equipment, a potential annual energy saving of 175 TWh, or 35% of the 504 TWh annual energy use devoted to MELs, could be achieved. This energy saving is equivalent to the annual energy production of 14 average-sized nuclear power plants. To meet DOE's long-term goals of reducing commercial building energy use and carbon emissions, the energy efficiency community must better understand the components and drivers of CMEL energy use, and develop effective reduction strategies. These goals can be facilitated through improved data collection and monitoring methodologies, and evaluation of CMELs energy-saving techniques.

Gentile-Polese, L.; Frank, S.; Sheppy, M.; Lobato, C.; Rader, E.; Smith, J.; Long, N.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Thermodynamic Limits of Solar Cell Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A general analysis of the coversion of solar heat to electrical energy in solar cells is presented. Some solar cell structures and processes are described which, in...

Wrfel, Peter

355

Solar Energy, Its Conversion and Utilization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The basis of the discussions is the University of Florida Solar Energy and Energy Conversion Laboratory with its Solar House and its Solar-Electric Car.

Erich A. Farber

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Utilizing Electric Vehicles to Assist Integration of Large Penetrations of Distributed Photovoltaic Generation Capacity  

SciTech Connect

Executive Summary Introduction and Motivation This analysis provides the first insights into the leveraging potential of distributed photovoltaic (PV) technologies on rooftop and electric vehicle (EV) charging. Either of the two technologies by themselves - at some high penetrations may cause some voltage control challenges or overloading problems, respectively. But when combined, there at least intuitively could be synergistic effects, whereby one technology mitigates the negative impacts of the other. High penetration of EV charging may overload existing distribution system components, most prominently the secondary transformer. If PV technology is installed at residential premises or anywhere downstream of the secondary transformer, it will provide another electricity source thus, relieving the loading on the transformers. Another synergetic or mitigating effect could be envisioned when high PV penetration reverts the power flow upward in the distribution system (from the homes upstream into the distribution system). Protection schemes may then no longer work and voltage violation (exceeding the voltage upper limited of the ANSI voltage range) may occur. In this particular situation, EV charging could absorb the electricity from the PV, such that the reversal of power flow can be reduced or alleviated. Given these potential mutual synergistic behaviors of PV and EV technologies, this project attempted to quantify the benefits of combining the two technologies. Furthermore, of interest was how advanced EV control strategies may influence the outcome of the synergy between EV charging and distributed PV installations. Particularly, Californian utility companies with high penetration of the distributed PV technology, who have experienced voltage control problems, are interested how intelligent EV charging could support or affect the voltage control

Tuffner, Francis K.; Chassin, Forrest S.; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Gowri, Krishnan

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

357

ELECTRIC  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ELECTRIC ELECTRIC cdrtrokArJclaeT 3 I+ &i, y$ \I &OF I*- j< t j,fci..- ir )(yiT !E-li, ( \-,v? Cl -p/4.4 RESEARCH LABORATORIES EAST PITTSBURGH, PA. 8ay 22, 1947 Mr. J. Carrel Vrilson General ?!!mager Atomic Qxzgy Commission 1901 Constitution Avenue Kashington, D. C. Dear Sir: In the course of OUT nuclenr research we are planning to study the enc:ri;y threshold anti cross section for fission. For thib program we require a s<>piAroted sample of metallic Uranium 258 of high purity. A quantity of at lezst 5 grams would probably be sufficient for our purpose, and this was included in our 3@icntion for license to the Atonic Energy Coskqission.. This license has been approved, 2nd rre would Llp!Jreciate informztion as to how to ?r*oceed to obtain thit: m2teria.l.

358

Solar Innovator | Alta Devices  

SciTech Connect

Selected to participate in the Energy Department's SunShot Initiative, Alta Devices produces solar cells that convert sunlight into electricity at world record-breaking levels of efficiency. Through its innovative solar technology Alta is helping bring down the cost of solar. Learn more about the Energy Department's efforts to advance solar technology at energy.gov/solar .

Mattos, Laila; Le, Minh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Two-Dimensional Measurement of n+-p Asymmetrical Junctions in Multicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells Using AFM-Based Electrical Techniques with Nanometer Resolution: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Lateral inhomogeneities of modern solar cells demand direct electrical imaging with nanometer resolution. We show that atomic force microscopy (AFM)-based electrical techniques provide unique junction characterizations, giving a two-dimensional determination of junction locations. Two AFM-based techniques, scanning capacitance microscopy/spectroscopy (SCM/SCS) and scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy (SKPFM), were significantly improved and applied to the junction characterizations of multicrystalline silicon (mc-Si) cells. The SCS spectra were taken pixel by pixel by precisely controlling the tip positions in the junction area. The spectra reveal distinctive features that depend closely on the position relative to the electrical junction, which allows us to indentify the electrical junction location. In addition, SKPFM directly probes the built-in potential over the junction area modified by the surface band bending, which allows us to deduce the metallurgical junction location by identifying a peak of the electric field. Our results demonstrate resolutions of 10-40 nm, depending on the techniques (SCS or SKPFM). These direct electrical measurements with nanometer resolution and intrinsic two-dimensional capability are well suited for investigating the junction distribution of solar cells with lateral inhomogeneities.

Jiang, C. S.; Moutinho, H. R.; Li, J. V.; Al-Jassim, M. M.; Heath, J. T.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Solare AG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solare AG Place: Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany Zip: 50678 Sector: Solar Product: Germany-based equipment manufacturer and developer of large-scale solar plants in...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Impact of a solar domestic hot water demand-side management program on an electric utility and its customers  

SciTech Connect

A methodology to assess the economic and environmental impacts of a large scale implementation of solar domestic hot water (SDHW) systems is developed. Energy, emission and demand reductions and their respective savings are quantified. It is shown that, on average, an SDHW system provides an energy reduction of about 3200 kWH, avoided emissions of about 2 tons and a capacity contribution of 0.7 kW to a typical Wisconsin utility that installs 5000 SDHW system. The annual savings from these reductions to utility is {dollar_sign}385,000, providing a return on an investment of over 20{percent}. It is shown that, on average, a consumer will save {dollar_sign}211 annually in hot water heating bills. 8 refs., 7 figs.

Trzeniewski, J.; Mitchell, J.W.; Klein, S.A.; Beckman, W.A.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

CrRb: A molecule with large magnetic and electric dipole moments  

SciTech Connect

We report calculations of Born-Oppenheimer potential energy curves of the chromium-rubidium heteronuclear molecule ({sup 52}Cr{sup 87}Rb), and the long-range dispersion coefficient for the interaction between ground state Cr and Rb atoms. Our calculated van der Waals coefficient (C{sub 6}=1770 a.u.) has an expected error of 3%. The ground state {sup 6{Sigma}+} molecule at its equilibrium separation has a permanent electric dipole moment of d{sub e}(R{sub e}=3.34Angstrom)=2.90 D. We investigate the hyperfine and dipolar collisions between trapped Cr and Rb atoms, finding elastic to inelastic cross section ratio of 10{sup 2}-10{sup 3}.

Pavlovic, Z. [ITAMP, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269-3046 (United States); Sadeghpour, H. R. [ITAMP, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Cote, R. [Department of Physics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269-3046 (United States); Roos, B. O. [Department of Theoretical Chemistry, University of Lund, S-221 00 Lund (Sweden)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

363

Photovoltaic solar concentrator module  

SciTech Connect

This invention consists of a planar photovoltaic concentrator module for producing an electrical signal from incident solar radiation which includes an electrically insulating housing having a front wall, an opposing back wall and a hollow interior. A solar cell having electrical terminals is positioned within the interior of the housing. A planar conductor is connected with a terminal of the solar cell of the same polarity. A lens forming the front wall of the housing is operable to direct solar radiation incident to the lens into the interior of the housing. A refractive optical element in contact with the solar cell and facing the lens receives the solar radiation directed into the interior of the housing by the lens and directs the solar radiation to the solar cell to cause the solar cell to generate an electrical signal. An electrically conductive planar member is positioned in the housing to rest on the housing back wall in supporting relation with the solar cell terminal of opposite polarity. The planar member is operable to dissipate heat radiated by the solar cell as the solar cell generates an electrical signal and further forms a solar cell conductor connected with the solar cell terminal to permit the electrical signal generated by the solar cell to be measured between the planar member and the conductor.

Chiang, C.J.

1991-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

364

Optimized Energy Management for Large Organizations Utilizing an On-Site PHEV fleet, Storage Devices and Renewable Electricity Generation  

SciTech Connect

Abstract This paper focuses on the daily electricity management problem for organizations with a large number of employees working within a relatively small geographic location. The organization manages its electric grid including limited on-site energy generation facilities, energy storage facilities, and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) charging stations installed in the parking lots. A mixed integer linear program (MILP) is modeled and implemented to assist the organization in determining the temporal allocation of available resources that will minimize energy costs. We consider two cost compensation strategies for PHEV owners: (1) cost equivalent battery replacement reimbursement for utilizing vehicle to grid (V2G) services from PHEVs; (2) gasoline equivalent cost for undercharging of PHEV batteries. Our case study, based on the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) campus, produced encouraging results and substantiates the importance of controlled PHEV fleet charging as opposed to uncontrolled charging methods. We further established the importance of realizing V2G capabilities provided by PHEVs in terms of significantly reducing energy costs for the organization.

Dashora, Yogesh [University of Texas, Austin; Barnes, J. Wesley [University of Texas, Austin; Pillai, Rekha S [ORNL; Combs, Todd E [ORNL; Hilliard, Michael R [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Role of Energy Storage with Renewable Electricity Generation  

SciTech Connect

Renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar, have vast potential to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emissions in the electric sector. Climate change concerns, state initiatives including renewable portfolio standards, and consumer efforts are resulting in increased deployments of both technologies. Both solar photovoltaics (PV) and wind energy have variable and uncertain (sometimes referred to as intermittent) output, which are unlike the dispatchable sources used for the majority of electricity generation in the United States. The variability of these sources has led to concerns regarding the reliability of an electric grid that derives a large fraction of its energy from these sources as well as the cost of reliably integrating large amounts of variable generation into the electric grid. In this report, we explore the role of energy storage in the electricity grid, focusing on the effects of large-scale deployment of variable renewable sources (primarily wind and solar energy).

Denholm, P.; Ela, E.; Kirby, B.; Milligan, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Analyzing and simulating the variability of solar irradiance and solar PV powerplants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar photovoltaics (PV) in traditional electric power systems, Energy Policy,solar, and renewable electricity generators: Technical barrier or rhetorical excuse? , Utilities Policy,

Lave, Matthew S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Factors Affecting the Rate of Penetration of Large-Scale Electricity Technologies: The Case of Carbon Sequestration  

SciTech Connect

This project falls under the Technology Innovation and Diffusion topic of the Integrated Assessment of Climate Change Research Program. The objective was to better understand the critical variables that affect the rate of penetration of large-scale electricity technologies in order to improve their representation in integrated assessment models. We conducted this research in six integrated tasks. In our first two tasks, we identified potential factors that affect penetration rates through discussions with modeling groups and through case studies of historical precedent. In the next three tasks, we investigated in detail three potential sets of critical factors: industrial conditions, resource conditions, and regulatory/environmental considerations. Research to assess the significance and relative importance of these factors involved the development of a microeconomic, system dynamics model of the US electric power sector. Finally, we implemented the penetration rate models in an integrated assessment model. While the focus of this effort is on carbon capture and sequestration technologies, much of the work will be applicable to other large-scale energy conversion technologies.

James R. McFarland; Howard J. Herzog

2007-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

368

Optimal investment and scheduling of distributed energy resources with uncertainty in electric vehicles driving schedules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity storage, photovoltaic panels, solar thermalof storage technology k theoretical peak solar conversionenergy storage, AC Absorption Chiller, ST solar thermal

Cardoso, Goncalo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Technical Digest of International Electron Devices Meeting 2001 pp. 363-366 Generation of Large-area Tunable Uniform Electric Fields in Microfluidic Arrays for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-area Tunable Uniform Electric Fields in Microfluidic Arrays for Rapid DNA Separation L. Richard Huang*, Jonas O molecules in microfluidic systems. In this paper we present a novel method for generating tunable uniform electric fields over large microfluidic arrays in two dimensions, and its application to a microfabricated

370

RidgenoseSolarInterconnectionProject  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and maintaining a 100-megawatt (MW) photovoltaic solar power facility, consisting of solar panels, mounting structures, access roads, an electrical collection system, a...

371

Unified Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Unified Solar National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition 2014 24 likes Unified Solar Massachusetts Institute of Technology Globally, 7,800 gigawatt hours (GWh) of electricity...

372

Investigation of the Electric Field in TiO2/FTO Junctions Used in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells by Photocurrent Transients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Investigation of the Electric Field in TiO2/FTO Junctions Used in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells by Photocurrent Transients ... The input resistance of the scope was 50 ? (dc mode), and each transient was averaged 10 times (repetition rate, 1 Hz) to get a stabilized signal. ... The elementary charge is denoted as q, n, and p are the electron and hole densities, while the respective mobilities are given by ?n and ?p. ...

Sven Rhle; Thomas Dittrich

2005-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

373

Solar Fuels and Chemicals, Solar Hydrogen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The term solar power plant commonly refers to electricity production by photothermal or photovoltaic conversion. Within this book, these main conversion techniques are called the solar thermoelectric path and the...

M. Fischer; R. Tamme

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Vulnerability of the large-scale future smart electric power grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The changing power flow pattern of the power system, with inclusion of large-scale renewable energy sources in the distribution side of the network, has been modeled by complex network framework based bidirectional graph. The bidirectional graph accommodates the reverse power flowing back from the distribution side to the grid in the model as a reverse edge connecting two nodes. The capacity of the reverse edge is equal to the capacity of the existing edge between the nodes in the forward directional nominal graph. Increased path in the combined model, built to facilitate grid reliability and efficiency, may serve as a bottleneck in practice with removal of certain percentage of nodes or edges. The effect of removal of critical elements has been analyzed in terms of increased path length, connectivity loss, load loss, and number of overloaded lines.

A.B.M. Nasiruzzaman; H.R. Pota; Most. Nahida Akter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Numerical Simulation Study for the Performance of a Large Solar Hot Water System with Horizontal Storage Tank.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??For solving the problems of global warming and environmental pollution, renewable energy has become the most important issue in recent years, especially the solar energy. (more)

Lin, Geng-yi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Solar Power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Power Solar Power Project Opportunities Abound in the Region The WIPP site is receives abundant solar energy with 6-7 kWh/sq meter power production potential As the accompanying map of New Mexico shows, the WIPP site enjoys abundant year-round sunshine. With an average solar power production potential of 6-7 kWh/sq meter per day, one exciting project being studied for location at WIPP is a 30-50 MW Solar Power Tower: The American Solar Energy Society (ASES) is is a national trade association promoting solar energy as a clean source of electricity, and provides a comprehensive resource for additional information. DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy is also a comprehensive resource for more information on renewable energy.

377

Improved large-area, two-terminal InP/Ga{sub 0.47}In{sub 0.53}As tandem solar cells  

SciTech Connect

Progress in the development of high-efficiency, large-area, two-terminal InP/Ga{sub 0.47}In{sub 0.53}As tandem solar cells is reported. Five tandem cells with total areas of {approximately}4 cm{sup 2}, with 1-sun AM0 efficiencies ranging from 19.4% to 21.1%, were prepared for the STRV-1 satellite solar cell flight experiment. Additionally, an {approximately}1 cm{sup 2} tandem cell with a 1-sun AM0 efficiency of 22.2% has been confirmed. Possible further improvements and performance potential are discussed.

Wanlass, M.W.; Ward, J.S.; Emery, K.A.; Duda, A.; Coutts, T.J. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

378

Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Trough and Tower Concentrating Solar Power Electricity Generation: Systematic Review and Harmonization  

SciTech Connect

In reviewing life cycle assessment (LCA) literature of utility-scale concentrating solar power (CSP) systems, this analysis focuses on reducing variability and clarifying the central tendency of published estimates of life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through a meta-analytical process called harmonization. From 125 references reviewed, 10 produced 36 independent GHG emissions estimates passing screens for quality and relevance: 19 for parabolic trough (trough) technology and 17 for power tower (tower) technology. The interquartile range (IQR) of published estimates for troughs and towers were 83 and 20 grams of carbon dioxide equivalent per kilowatt-hour (g CO2-eq/kWh),1 respectively; median estimates were 26 and 38 g CO2-eq/kWh for trough and tower, respectively. Two levels of harmonization were applied. Light harmonization reduced variability in published estimates by using consistent values for key parameters pertaining to plant design and performance. The IQR and median were reduced by 87% and 17%, respectively, for troughs. For towers, the IQR and median decreased by 33% and 38%, respectively. Next, five trough LCAs reporting detailed life cycle inventories were identified. The variability and central tendency of their estimates are reduced by 91% and 81%, respectively, after light harmonization. By harmonizing these five estimates to consistent values for global warming intensities of materials and expanding system boundaries to consistently include electricity and auxiliary natural gas combustion, variability is reduced by an additional 32% while central tendency increases by 8%. These harmonized values provide useful starting points for policy makers in evaluating life cycle GHG emissions from CSP projects without the requirement to conduct a full LCA for each new project.

Burkhardt, J. J.; Heath, G.; Cohen, E.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

High Efficiency CdTe/CdS Thin Film solar Cells by a Process Suitable for Large Scale Production. N. Romeo, A. Bosio, A. Romeo, M. Bianucci, L. Bonci, C. Lenti  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Efficiency CdTe/CdS Thin Film solar Cells by a Process Suitable for Large Scale Production. N-mail:Nicola.Romeo@fis.unipr.it ABSTRACT: It has been demonstrated that CdTe/CdS thin film solar cells can exhibit an efficiency around 16 Film. 1 INTRODUCTION CdTe/CdS thin film solar cells have a good possibility to be produced on large

Romeo, Alessandro

380

Solar Energy Technologies Program: Solar Multimedia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy EERE Home Programs & Offices Consumer Information Solar Multimedia search Home EERE » SunShot Initiative » Solar Multimedia Printable Version Bookmark and Share Feature Photo of 3 solar dishes, which have reflective, square-shaped material that creates a mirror image of the sky and clouds. Each dish is anchored to the ground by a vertical pole. Solar Dish - Albuquerque, New Mexico Credit: Sandia National Laboratories/Randy Montoya Solar Technologies Photovoltaics Photovoltaics Concentrating Solar Power Concentrating Solar Power Solar Applications Residential Residential Commercial Commercial Large Installations Large Installations City and County City and County Federal Federal Manufacturing Manufacturing Development and Testing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Solar Kit Lessons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Kit Lessons Middle School Curriculum Created by Northeast Sustainable Energy Association (NESEA) Click on the links below to take you to the Chapter heading: Solar Cell Inquiry Sunshine Timer Parts of a Solar Panel Part 1 Parts of a Solar Panel Part 2 Build a Simple Ammeter Solar-Powered Battery Charger Positioning Solar Panels 1 Positioning Solar Panels 2 Properties of Solar Radiation: Reflection, Transmission, and Absorption Properties of Solar Radiation: Direct and Diffuse Light Power Maximum: An Electrical Determination Calibration Curve for a Radiation Meter Solarize a Toy Solar Cells as Control Devices Solar-Powered Electrolysis of Water and the Hydrogen Economy Solar Kit Lesson #1 Solar Cell Inquiry TEACHER INFORMATION LEARNING OUTCOME

382

Solar ventilation and tempering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper presents basic information about solar panels designed realized and used for solar ventilation of rooms. Used method of numerical flow simulation gives good overview about warming and flowing of the air in several kinds of realized panels (window facade chimney). Yearlong measurements give a good base for calculations of economic return of invested capital. The operation of the system in transient period (spring autumn) prolongs the period without classical heating of the room or building in winter the classical heating is supported. In the summer period the system furnished with chimney can exhaust inner warm air together with necessary cooling of the system by gravity circulation only. System needs not any invoiced energy source; it is supplied entirely by solar energy. Large building systems are supported by classical electric fan respectively.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Concentrating Solar Power Dish/Engine System Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Concentrating Solar Power Dish/Engine System Basics Concentrating Solar Power Dish/Engine System Basics Concentrating Solar Power Dish/Engine System Basics August 20, 2013 - 5:02pm Addthis The dish/engine system is a concentrating solar power (CSP) technology that produces relatively small amounts of electricity compared to other CSP technologies-typically in the range of 3 to 25 kilowatts. Dish/engine systems use a parabolic dish of mirrors to direct and concentrate sunlight onto a central engine that produces electricity. The two major parts of the system are the solar concentrator and the power conversion unit. Solar Concentrator Illustration of a dish/engine power plant. Sunlight is shown reflecting off the large dish-shaped concentrator and onto the mounted power conversion unit to generate electricity that is fed into the power grid. The system looks similar to a large satellite television receiver dish.

384

Sandia National Laboratories: Solar Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(PV) Photovoltaics (PV) is a method of generating electrical power by converting solar light into electricity. Sandia photovoltaic work is centered on developing...

385

Solar Energy Generation in Three Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimizing the conversion of solar energy to electricity is central to the World's future energy economy. Flat photovoltaic panels are commonly deployed in residential and commercial rooftop installations without sun tracking systems and using simple installation guidelines to optimize solar energy collection. Large-scale solar energy generation plants use bulky and expensive sun trackers to avoid cosine losses from photovoltaic panels or to concentrate sunlight with mirrors onto heating fluids.[1,2] However, none of these systems take advantage of the three-dimensional nature of our biosphere, so that solar energy collection largely occurs on flat structures in contrast with what is commonly observed in Nature.[3,4] Here we formulate, solve computationally and study experimentally the problem of collecting solar energy in three-dimensions.[5] We demonstrate that absorbers and reflectors can be combined in the absence of sun tracking to build three-dimensional photovoltaic (3DPV) structures that can generate ...

Bernardi, Marco; Wan, Jin H; Villalon, Rachelle; Grossman, Jeffrey C

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Homebuilder's Guide to Going Solar  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

This 8-page brochure describes the steps a builder would take to install solar electricity (photovoltaics or PV), solar water heating, or how to build a home solar ready.

2008-12-00T23:59:59.000Z

387

Corona Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corona Solar Place: Tholey-Theley, Germany Zip: D 66636 Sector: Solar Product: Engaged in solar passive large-size collectors. References: Corona Solar1 This article is a stub....

388

Integrated Modeling of Building Energy Requirements Incorporating Solar Assisted Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Incorporating Solar Assisted Cooling Ryan Firestone, Chrisevaluates the operation of solar assisted cooling at a large

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

World's Largest Concentrating Solar Power Plant Opens in California  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System, the world’s largest concentrating solar power plant, officially opened on February 13.

390

Assessing Vehicle Electricity Demand Impacts on California Electricity Supply  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Palm Springs solar insolation, and California electricityConcentrating Solar Power in California, NREL/SR-550-39291,generation from wind and solar in California could be very

McCarthy, Ryan W.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

a solar energy system on a Habitat for Humanity home. GRID installed solar electric systems on 10 affordable homes developed by Habitat for Humanity in the Ivy City neighborhood...

392

Solar Success Stories  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

3996 Solar Success Stories en SunShot-funded Advanced Inverter Testing Enables 2,500 Solar Energy Systems to Connect to Hawaii's Electric Grid http:energy.goveere...

393

Land use requirements for ground-mounted solar power facilities. | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land use requirements for ground-mounted solar power facilities. Land use requirements for ground-mounted solar power facilities. Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (5 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric hectares km2 land land requirements land use land-use mean photovoltaic photovoltaics PV solar statistics Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Master Solar Land Use Spreadsheet (xlsx, 1.5 MiB)

394

High-Performance with Solar Electric Reduced Peak Demand: Premier Homes Rancho Cordoba, CA- Building America Top Innovation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Building America Innovations profile describes Building America solar home research that has demonstrated the ability to reduce peak demand by 75%. Numerous field studies have monitored power production and system effectiveness.

395

Energy Secretary Moniz's Remarks at the Opening Ceremony for the Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System-- As Prepared for Delivery  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Tomorrow, Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz will travel to Ivanpah Dry Lake, California, to dedicate the worlds largest concentrating solar power plant. Secretary Moniz will deliver the keynote address at the dedication event.

396

Storage of solar energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A framework is presented for identifying appropriate systems for storage of electrical, mechanical, chemical, and thermal energy in solar energy supply systems. Classification categories include the nature ... su...

Theodore B. Taylor

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Quantum Junction Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantum Junction Solar Cells ... Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, 10 Kings College Road, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 3G4, Canada ...

Jiang Tang; Huan Liu; David Zhitomirsky; Sjoerd Hoogland; Xihua Wang; Melissa Furukawa; Larissa Levina; Edward H. Sargent

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

398

International Solar Consulting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

International Solar Consulting Place: Newport Beach, California Zip: 92660 Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar Product: International Solar Consulting works with large commercial and...

399

Environmental Assessment and Metrics for Solar: Case Study of SolFocus Solar Concentrator Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of solar-thermal electricity gen- eration, Solar Energy,Solar Thermal Wind Coal CC Gas Turbine Nuclear Reference EnergyEnergy pay- back time - a key number for the assessment of thermal solar

Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David; Horne, Steve

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Computational Challenges for Nanostructure Solar Cells Project at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Challenges for Challenges for Nanostructure Solar Cells Computational Challenges for Nanostructure Solar Cells ZZ2.jpg Key Challenges: Current nanostructure solar cells often have energy efficiencies well below that of traditional solar cells. To understand why, one must understand the complete photoelectron dynamics in a nanostructure - the photon absorption, exciton generation, exciton dissociation, carrier transport and carrier collection. However, the large number of surface states, the strong exciton binding energies, the nano-interfaces, the lack of doping, and the possibility of unintended internal electric fields make this a daunting task that requires a suite of techniques and computer codes offering different electronic structure methods and varying levels of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Optical Durability of Candidate Solar Reflectors for Concentrating Solar Power  

SciTech Connect

Concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies use large mirrors to collect sunlight to convert thermal energy to electricity. The viability of CSP systems requires the development of advanced reflector materials that are low in cost and maintain high specular reflectance for extended lifetimes under severe outdoor environments. The long-standing goals for a solar reflector are specular reflectance above 90% into a 4 mrad half-cone angle for at least 10 years outdoors with a cost of less than $13.8/m{sup 2} (the 1992 $10.8/m{sup 2} goal corrected for inflation to 2002 dollars) when manufactured in large volumes. Durability testing of a variety of candidate solar reflector materials at outdoor test sites and in laboratory accelerated weathering chambers is the main activity within the Advanced Materials task of the CSP Program at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado. Test results to date for several candidate solar reflector materials will be presented. These include the optical durability of thin glass, thick glass, aluminized reflectors, front-surface mirrors, and silvered polymer mirrors. The development, performance, and durability of these materials will be discussed. Based on accelerated exposure testing the glass, silvered polymer, and front-surface mirrors may meet the 10 year lifetime goals, but at this time because of significant process changes none of the commercially available solar reflectors and advanced solar reflectors have demonstrated the 10 year or more aggressive 20 year lifetime goal.

Kennedy, C. E.; Terwilliger, K.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

AC conductivity of nanoporous metal-oxide photoanodes for solar energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AC conductivity of nanoporous metal-oxide photoanodes for solar energy conversion Steven J. Konezny% solar-to-electric energy conversion efficiency) exploited the large surface area of nanoporous thin of nanoporous thin films without increasing the recombination rate. To ensure efficient charge carrier

Konezny, Steven J.

403

Microgrids: An emerging paradigm for meeting building electricity and heat requirements efficiently and with appropriate energy quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electric load thermal storage solar thermal storage chargingcombustion solar thermal CHP heat storage charging generateof solar thermal collectors, 1100 kWh of electrical storage,

Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

U.S. Solar Market Trends  

SciTech Connect

Grid-connected photovoltaic installations grew by 40% in 2009 compared with installations in 2008. California and New Jersey have the largest markets. Growth occurred in the residential and utility markets, but non-residential customer-sited installations did not change compared with the installations in 2008. Two small solar thermal electric plants were connected to the grid in 2009 with a combined capacity of 7 MW. The future prospects for solar thermal electric plants look bright, although developers are not expected to complete any new large plants until at least 2011. Solar water heating and solar space heating annual installations grew by 40% in 2008 compared with 2007. Hawaii, California, Puerto Rico, and Florida dominate this market. Solar pool heating annual installation capacity fell by 1% in 2008 following a dramatic decline of 15% in solar pool heating capacity in 2007 compared with 2006. Florida and California are the largest markets for solar pool heating. The economic decline in the real estate markets in Florida and California likely led to the decrease in pool installations and thus the dramatic decline in capacity installed of solar pool systems in 2007.

Larry Sherwood

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Comparative ranking of 0. 1-10 MW/sub e/ solar thermal electric power systems. Volume II. Supporting data. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a two-volume set summarizing the results of a comparative ranking of generic solar thermal concepts designed specifically for electric power generation. The original objective of the study was to project the mid-1990 cost and performance of selected generic solar thermal electric power systems for utility applications and to rank these systems by criteria that reflect their future commercial acceptance. This study considered plants with rated capacities of 1-10 MW/sub e/, operating over a range of capacity factors from the no-storage case to 0.7 and above. Later, the study was extended to include systems with capacities from 0.1 to 1 MW/sub e/, a range that is attractive to industrial and other nonutility applications. Volume I summarizes the results for the full range of capacities from 0.1 to 1.0 MW/sub e/. Volume II presents data on the performance and cost and ranking methodology.

Thornton, J.P.; Brown, K.C.; Finegold, J.G.; Gresham, J.B.; Herlevich, F.A.; Kriz, T.A.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Planar photovoltaic solar concentrator module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A planar photovoltaic concentrator module for producing an electrical signal from incident solar radiation includes an electrically insulating housing having a front wall, an opposing back wall and a hollow interior. A solar cell having electrical terminals is positioned within the interior of the housing. A planar conductor is connected with a terminal of the solar cell of the same polarity. A lens forming the front wall of the housing is operable to direct solar radiation incident to the lens into the interior of the housing. A refractive optical element in contact with the solar cell and facing the lens receives the solar radiation directed into the interior of the housing by the lens and directs the solar radiation to the solar cell to cause the solar cell to generate an electrical signal. An electrically conductive planar member is positioned in the housing to rest on the housing back wall in supporting relation with the solar cell terminal of opposite polarity. The planar member is operable to dissipate heat radiated by the solar cell as the solar cell generates an electrical signal and further forms a solar cell conductor connected with the solar cell terminal to permit the electrical signal generated by the solar cell to be measured between the planar member and the conductor. 5 figs.

Chiang, C.J.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Study on the use of adaptive control for energy conservation in large solar heated and cooled buildings  

SciTech Connect

The National Security and Resources Study Center at LASL provides the basis for a general model used in this simulation. The NSRSC is a 59,000 ft/sup 2/ library and conference facility. A simplified model of the solar heating system is used. The adaptive optimal control technique is described and applied and the results are discussed. (MHR)

Farris, D.R.; Melsa, J.L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Solar Rights | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Rights Solar Rights Solar Rights < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy Provider North Carolina Department of Commerce Cities and counties in North Carolina generally may not adopt ordinances prohibiting the installation of "a solar collector that gathers solar radiation as a substitute for traditional energy for water heating, active space heating and cooling, passive heating, or generating electricity for residential property."* However, city and county ordinances may prohibit the installation of solar-energy collectors that are visible from the

409

Concentrating Solar Power Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Basics Basics Concentrating Solar Power Basics August 20, 2013 - 4:38pm Addthis Text Version This solar concentrator has a fixed-focus faceted dish with a concentration of about 250 suns. This system can be used for large fields connected to the utility grid, hydrogen generation, or water pumping. Credit: Science Applications International Corporation / PIX 13464 Concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies use mirrors to reflect and concentrate sunlight onto receivers that collect solar energy and convert it to heat. This thermal energy can then be used to produce electricity via a steam turbine or heat engine that drives a generator. Concentrating solar power offers a utility-scale, firm, dispatchable renewable energy option that can help meet our nation's demand for

410

Solar Construction Permitting Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Standards Standards Solar Construction Permitting Standards < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial General Public/Consumer Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Water Heating Program Info State Colorado Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Provider Colorado Energy Office Owners of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems and solar water heating systems in Colorado are required to obtain a building permit before their systems may be installed. Permits are handled at the local level and awarded by counties and municipalities. Traditionally, counties and municipalities have been free to assign their own fees for a permit. These fees can vary broadly in size across jurisdictions and in some cases, can be large enough

411

Solar Land Use | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land Use Land Use Jump to: navigation, search (The following text is derived from a National Renewable Energy Laboratory report on solar land use in the United States.)[1] One concern regarding large-scale deployment of solar energy is its potentially significant land use. This article summarizes data and analysis of the land use associated with U.S. utility-scale ground-mounted photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) facilities. This article presents total and direct land-use results for various solar technologies and system configurations, on both a capacity and an electricity-generation basis. The total area corresponds to all land enclosed by the site boundary. The direct area comprises land directly occupied by solar arrays, access roads, substations, service buildings, and

412

Mini-Optics Solar Energy Concentrator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This invention deals with the broad general concept for focussing light. A mini-optics tracking and focussing system is presented for solar power conversion that ranges from an individual's portable system to solar conversion of electrical power that can be used in large scale power plants for environmentally clean energy. It can be rolled up, transported, and attached to existing man-made, or natural structures. It allows the solar energy conversion system to be low in capital cost and inexpensive to install as it can be attached to existing structures since it does not require the construction of a superstructure of its own. This novel system is uniquely distinct and different from other solar tracking and focussing processes allowing it to be more economical and practical. Furthermore, in its capacity as a power producer, it can be utilized with far greater safety, simplicity, economy, and efficiency in the conversion of solar energy.

Mark Davidson; Mario Rabinowitz

2003-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

413

Design study of a kinematic Stirling engine for dispered solar electric power systems. Final report, 1979 - 1980  

SciTech Connect

The concept evaluation shows that the four cylinder double acting U type Stirling engine with annular regenerators is the most suitable engine type for the 15 kW solar application with respect to design, performance and cost. Results show that near term performance for a metallic Stirling engine is 42% efficiency. Further improved components show an impact on efficiency of the future metallic engine to 45%. Increase of heater temperature, through the introduction of ceramic components, contribute the greatest amount to achieve high efficiency goals. Future ceramic Stirling engines for solar applications show an efficiency of around 50%.

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

The impact of large-scale solar photovoltaic adoption on prices and reliability in the New England power pool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The potential role of renewable energy in producing electricity in industrialized countries has been gaining attention as issues like climate change and high fossil fuel prices more frequently occupy the minds of the public ...

Martin, Katherine C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

A Sunny Outlook for Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Sunny Outlook for Solar Cells ... Photovoltaic solar cells, which convert sunlight into electricity, are appealing from a variety of viewpoints. ...

BILL N. BARON

1987-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

416

Development of tandem amorphous/microcrystalline silicon thin-film large-area see-through color solar panels with reflective layer and 4-step laser scribing for building-integrated photovoltaic applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, tandem amorphous/microcrystalline silicon thin-film large-area see-through color solar modules were successfully designed and developed for building-integrated photovoltaic applications. Novel and key technologies of reflective layers and ...

Chin-Yi Tsai, Chin-Yao Tsai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

DOE Solar Decathlon: Sponsors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dow Corning Lowe's M.C. Dean Pepco Schneider Electric Supporting Sponsors Contributing Sponsors Where Are the Houses Now? Quick Links Solar Decathlon Home Solar Decathlon 2011 Solar Decathlon 2009 Solar Decathlon 2007 Solar Decathlon 2005 Solar Decathlon 2002 Solar Decathlon 2011 Sponsors The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Solar Decathlon is organized by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, which works in partnership with sponsors at all levels to make this student solar housing competition and event a reality. 2011 Sustaining Sponsors These sponsors made significant contributions-including financial support, materials, volunteers, outreach, and awards-to the success of Solar Decathlon 2011. Learn more about each sponsor and its role in Solar Decathlon 2011. Dow Corning

418

Floating Solar Chimney Technology: A Solar Proposal for China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Floating Solar Chimney (FSC) Technology Power Plants, are made... A large solar collector with a transparent roof that warms the air...

Christos Papageorgiou

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Transmission Planning Process and Opportunities for Utility-Scale Solar Engagement within the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC)  

SciTech Connect

This report is a primer for solar developers who wish to engage directly in expediting the regulatory process and removing market barriers related to policy and planning. Market barriers unrelated to technology often limit the expansion of utility-scale solar power, even in areas with exceptional resource potential. Many of these non-technical barriers have to do with policy, regulation, and planning, and hardly ever do they resolve themselves in a timely fashion. In most cases, pre-emptive intervention by interested stakeholders is the easiest way to remove/address such barriers, but it requires knowing how to navigate the institutional waters of the relevant agencies and boards. This report is a primer for solar developers who wish to engage directly in expediting the regulatory process and removing market barriers related to policy and planning. It focuses on the Western Interconnection (WI), primarily because the quality of solar resources in the Southwest makes utility-scale concentrating solar power (CSP) and photovoltaics (PV) economically feasible, and because the relevant institutions have evolved in a way that has opened up opportunities for removing non-technical market barriers. Developers will find in this report a high-level field manual to identify the venues for mitigating and possibly eliminating systemic market obstacles and ensuring that the economic playing field is reasonably level. Project-specific issues such as siting for transmission and generation resources are beyond the scope of this report. Instead, the aim is to examine issues that pervasively affect all utility-scale PV and CSP in the region regardless of where the project may be. While the focus is on the WI, many of the institutions described here also have their counterparts in the Eastern and the Texas interconnections. Specifically, this report suggests a number of critical engagement points relating to generation and transmission planning.

Hein, J.; Hurlbut, D.; Milligan, M.; Coles, L.; Green, B.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Solar-air power plant. Interim report, January 1, 1980-November 1, 1981  

SciTech Connect

The chimney conversion efficiency of transferring solar energy into wind energy for the proposed solar-air power plant has been investigated. The application of a chimney as the air-cooling system for a large-scale photovoltaic concentration power plant to transfer solar energy into electricity has also been studied. Several conclusions in reference to this basic research project and suggestions for further research phases are also summarized in this report.

Chen, I.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Interconnection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Interconnection Workshop Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Interconnection Workshop May 21, 2013 8:00AM MDT to May 22, 2013 5:00PM MDT Golden, Colorado This two-day workshop will answer your questions about interconnecting wind and solar plants and other distributed generation applications to electric distribution systems while providing insight on integrating large-scale renewable generation into the transmission system. Held at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) state-of-the-art Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) on the first day and at the Western Area Power Administration's Electric Power Training Center (EPTC) on the second day, the workshop will provide an overview of wind and solar interconnection

422

The economic effect of electricity net-metering with solar PV: Consequences for network cost recovery, cross subsidies and policy objectives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Net-metering is commonly known as a practice by which owners of distributed generation (DG) units may offset their electricity consumption from the grid with local generation. The increasing number of prosumers (consumers that both produce and consume electricity) with solar photovoltaic (PV) generation combined with net-metering results in reduced incomes for many network utilities worldwide. Consequently, this pushes utilities to increase charges per kWh in order to recover costs. For non-PV owners, this could result into inequality issues due to the fact that also non-PV owners have to pay higher chargers for their electricity consumed to make up for netted costs of PV-owners. In order to provide insight in those inequality issues caused by net-metering, this study presents the effects on cross-subsidies, cost recovery and policy objectives evolving from different applied netmetering and tariff designs for a residential consumer. Eventually this paper provides recommendations regarding tariffs and metering that will result in more explicit incentives for PV, instead of the current implicit incentives which are present to PV owners due to net-metering.

Cherrelle Eid; Javier Reneses Guilln; Pablo Fras Marn; Rudi Hakvoort

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Sanyo Electric Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Solar, Vehicles Product: Japanese electric appliance manufacturer; manufactures solar panels, domestic fuel cell system, and NiMH batteries for hybrid vehicles....

424

Sandia National Laboratories: Electric Power Research Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Systems Evaluation Laboratory (PSEL), Renewable Energy, Solar, Solar Newsletter, SunShot, Systems Analysis Sandia and Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) are delighted...

425

Western Riverside Council of Governments - Large Commercial PACE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large Commercial PACE Large Commercial PACE (California) Western Riverside Council of Governments - Large Commercial PACE (California) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Other Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State California Program Type PACE Financing Provider Structured Finance Associates Structured Finance, on behalf of the Western Riverside Council of Governments (WRCOG), is providing Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) loans to eligible large commercial businesses in participating jurisdictions. PACE programs allow property owners to finance energy projects, and to repay the financing through special assessments on their property tax bill. Solar installations of at least 125 kilowatts, fuel cells, and a variety of

426

Tideland Electric Member Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tideland Electric Member Corp Tideland Electric Member Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Tideland Electric Member Corp Place North Carolina Utility Id 19108 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC SERC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Cotton Gin - On season Commercial Large Power (Time-of-use Service) Commercial Large Power Service Commercial NC GreenPower NC GreenPower Generator- Small Solar PV Systems - 5 to 10 kW NC GreenPower Generator- Small Solar PV Systems - Less than 5 kW NC GreenPower Generator-Small Wind Systems - 10 kW and under

427

Renewable Electricity Generation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Electricity Generation Renewable Electricity Generation Renewable Electricity Generation Geothermal Read more Solar Read more Water Read more Wind Read more Our nation has abundant solar, water, wind, and geothermal energy resources, and many U.S. companies are developing, manufacturing, and installing cutting-edge, high-tech renewable energy systems. The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) leads a large network of researchers and other partners to deliver innovative technologies that will make renewable electricity generation cost competitive with traditional sources of energy. Working with our national laboratories and through these partnerships, we are catalyzing the transformation of the nation's energy system and building on a tradition of U.S. leadership in science and

428

California Solar Initiative - Solar Thermal Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

California Solar Initiative - Solar Thermal Program California Solar Initiative - Solar Thermal Program California Solar Initiative - Solar Thermal Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Maximum Rebate Step 1 Incentive Limits (contact utility to determine current incentive limits): Single-family residential systems that displace natural gas: $2,719 Single-family residential systems that displace electricity or propane: $1,834 Commercial and multifamily residential systems that displace natural gas: $500,000 Commercial and multifamily residential systems that displace electricity or propane: $250,000

429

Numerical simulation study for the performance of a Large Solar Hot Water System with a Stratification Storage Tank for Various Load time.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In order to reduce global warming, the development of renewable energy sources is imperative. One of the most viable solar energy utility is the solar (more)

Su, Chin-Yen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Direct and large scale electric arc discharge synthesis of boron and nitrogen doped single-walled carbon nanotubes and their electronic properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Boron and nitrogen co-doped single-walled carbon nanotubes (BN-SWCNTs) were directly synthesized at large scale using an electric arc discharge method. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and UVvisNIR spectroscopy were performed to investigate structure and properties of BN-SWCNTs. These results show that the band gaps of \\{SWCNTs\\} have been tuned greatly with B and N doping.

Bin Wang; Yanfeng Ma; Yingpeng Wu; Na Li; Yi Huang; Yongsheng Chen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Suitability of salt-gradient solar ponds for electrical power generation in the US Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Guam, and American Samoa  

SciTech Connect

The procedures and findings of a study to assess the suitability of salt-gradient solar ponds for base-load (firm) electricity generation in the US Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI), Guam and American Samoa are described. The general conclusion is that solar pond power plants (SPPPs) are viable both technically and economically for some applications, possibly including atolls. The most practical immediate application would be to small and intermediate power users such as villages and airports. It is recommended that (1) at least one small SPPP be built immediately on a dry land site such as for the main village on Peleliu, Palau, (considered in this report) or at other identified feasible sites, and (2) that a design study be conducted to adapt the technology to atoll sites. This study was carried out by first reviewing all available literature on solar ponds and the regions concerned. All the regions in question were visited. Several sites were selected for specific study and SPPP conceptual designs were developed for these sites. These sites are (1) North Peleliu, Palau, with (2) Peleliu airport as an auxiliary site, (3) Aimeliik, Palau, and (4) atoll environments. Cultural, political, environmental and legal considerations were given equal weight with technical and economic factors, and locally resident persons were used as interpreters and liaisons. There exists strong support in the government and the community to develop these proposed site-specific SPPPs and land is available. Power needs were defined, construction and operation costs were calculated and performance was predicted for the site-specific designs. The results of the Palau site-specific studies were generalized to other areas and environments in the TTPI, Guam and American Samoa. An economic analysis of the SPPP conceptual design developed for Palau was made using the discounted cash flow method.

McCord, T.B.; Bathen, K.H.; Boesgaard, H.; Fanale, F.P.; McCord, C.S.; Scudder, R.J.; Weeks, D.D.; Yuen, J.W.L.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Solar energy conversion apparatus  

SciTech Connect

Apparatus is disclosed for converting solar energy to more useful forms, I.E., thermal and electrical energy. Such apparatus includes a photoelectric transducer (E.G., an array of photovoltaic cells), means for concentrating solar energy on the transducer, and means for circulating a liquid between the transducer and the solar energy concentrator. The spectral properties of the liquid are such that the liquid functions as a bandpass filter, transmitting solar energy to which the transducer is responsive and absorbing solar energy to which the transducer is non-responsive. The transmitted solar energy is converted to electrical energy by the transducer, and the absorbed solar energy is converted to heat by the liquid. Preferably, the liquid is circulated through a container which, in the vicinity of the transducer, is constructed so as to provide optical gain to the system and to integrate incident solar energy for the purpose of eliminating ''hot spots'' which could overheat, and thereby damage, the transducer.

Powell, R.A.

1981-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

433

Solar-Powered, Liquid-Desiccant Air Conditioner for Low-Electricity Humidity Control: Report and Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of this project was to demonstrate the capabilities of a new high-performance, liquid-desiccant dedicated outdoor air system (DOAS) to enhance cooling efficiency and comfort in humid climates while substantially reducing electric peak demand at Tyndall Air Force Base (AFB), which is 12 miles east of Panama City, Florida.

Dean, J.; Kozubal, E.; Herrmann, L.; Miller, J.; Lowenstein, A.; Barker, G.; Slayzak, S.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Photovoltaic solar cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic solar cell for generating electricity from sunlight is disclosed. The photovoltaic solar cell comprises a plurality of spaced-apart point contact junctions formed in a semiconductor body to receive the sunlight and generate the electricity therefrom, the plurality of spaced-apart point contact junctions having a first plurality of regions having a first doping type and a second plurality of regions having a second doping type. In addition, the photovoltaic solar cell comprises a first electrical contact electrically connected to each of the first plurality of regions and a second electrical contact electrically connected to each of the second plurality of regions, as well as a passivation layer covering major surfaces and sidewalls of the photovoltaic solar cell.

Nielson, Gregory N; Cruz-Campa, Jose Luis; Okandan, Murat; Resnick, Paul J

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

435

Aspects of solar technology (for teachers)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An account is given in general terms of the various types of solar powered devices that are now available with present technology. Electrical and non-electrical energy convertors are described as is the possibility of solar power stations.

B E Smith

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Solar Energy Technology Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Technology Basics August 16, 2013 - 4:37pm Addthis Solar energy technologies produce electricity from the energy of the sun. Small solar energy systems can provide electricity for...

437

Solar Market Pathways  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Solar Market Pathways program supports 15 SunShot projects that are advancing solar deployment across the United States. These projects take a variety of approaches to develop actionable strategic plans to expand solar electricity use for residential, community, and commercial properties. Awardees use a wide range of tools, including special financing mechanisms like commercial property assessed clean energy, and the integration of solar energy generation in local emergency response plans.

438

Homebuilder's Guide to Going Solar (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This 8-page brochure describes the steps a builder would take to install solar electricity (photovoltaics or PV), solar water heating, or how to build a home solar ready.

Not Available

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

NREL: Transmission Grid Integration - Solar Integration National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Develops Sub-Hour Solar Power Data Set This fact sheet explains how NREL data will help utilities incorporate solar energy into their electric power systems. Sub-Hour Solar Data...

440

Fabrication and Characterization of Organic Solar Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and characterizationoforganicsolarcells. AdvancedD,MeissnerD. OrganicSolar?Cells. AdvancedMaterials. tin oxide for organicsolarcell. ElectrEngJpn. 2006

Yengel, Emre

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

ECOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS OF THE SOLAR ALTERNATIVE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New York, 1966. 8. Solar Sea Thermal Energy, Ninety-ThirdJ. A. , and Beckman, W. A. , Solar Energy Thermal Processes,solar thermal conversion to electricity, photo-voltaic conversion, wind energy,

Davidson, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

AN EVALUATION OF SOLAR VALUATION METHODS USED IN UTILITY PLANNING AND PROCUREMENT PROCESSES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Photovoltaics (PV) in Electric Power Systems Utilizing Energy StorageEnergy Storage Enhances the Economic Viability of Concentrating Solar

Mills, Andrew D.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

AN EVALUATION OF SOLAR VALUATION METHODS USED IN UTILITY PLANNING AND PROCUREMENT PROCESSES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF THE ENERGY VALUE OF SOLAR USING PRODUCTION COST MODELS InSolar Photovoltaic Electricity Production. Berkeley, CA: UC Energy

Mills, Andrew D.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Petrovay: Solar physics The solar cycle ACTIVE REGIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Petrovay: Solar physics The solar cycle ACTIVE REGIONS Large scale (up to 100 Mm) anomalies in the structure and radiation of the solar atmosphere. Photosphere : AR = cluster of strong magnetic flux tubes of facular points. Filamentary structure due to supergranulation. #12;Petrovay: Solar physics The solar cycle

Petrovay, Kristóf

445

Madison, Wisconsin: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

* Partnered with its utility, Madison Gas & Electric, to install visible on-site solar systems * Installed 100 solar systems producing 16,558 therms for heating water and 8,073...

446

Status of Solar Photovoltaics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Before our discussions on the technical aspects of solar photovoltaics, we will first review the status of solar photovoltaics. This chapter begins with a review on ... known barrier to large-scale deployment of ...

Meng Tao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Solar cell with back side contacts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A III-V solar cell is described herein that includes all back side contacts. Additionally, the positive and negative electrical contacts contact compoud semiconductor layers of the solar cell other than the absorbing layer of the solar cell. That is, the positive and negative electrical contacts contact passivating layers of the solar cell.

Nielson, Gregory N; Okandan, Murat; Cruz-Campa, Jose Luis; Resnick, Paul J; Wanlass, Mark Woodbury; Clews, Peggy J

2013-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

448

Electric Propulsion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...is clear. The long-t?me continuous operation is required for electric propulsion pri-marily...travel against a small voltage to the cold element. The cell thereby produces an...concentrate and focus the solar rays on a heater. Little, if any, decrease in specific...

W. E. Moeckel

1963-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

449

electrical, engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in groundbreaking community solar project PMC-based technology products enter the market Expanding our capacity: new learning educational gaming energy-efficient data storage and computing health informatics haptic education K-12 STEM electrical energy storage thermal energy storage and conversion energy production

Zhang, Junshan

450

Solar Heating and Air Conditioning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...given of the status of solar fired air conditioning...to an approach to cool storage in solar air conditioning systems...an assessment of cool storage for reducing peak electrical...rolling cylinder thermal energy storage device for compact...

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

University of California, San Diego Electrical and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of California, San Diego Electrical and ComputerEngineering Graduate Programs Applied of the sun, the solar wind, and the interaction of the solar wind with various bodies in the solar syst

Fainman, Yeshaiahu

452

The Easy Way to Use Renewables: Buy Clean Electricity | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Easy Way to Use Renewables: Buy Clean Electricity The Easy Way to Use Renewables: Buy Clean Electricity The Easy Way to Use Renewables: Buy Clean Electricity November 17, 2009 - 8:45pm Addthis John Lippert Clean air means a lot to me. My wife and I had a small solar electric system installed on the roof of our house that produces about 2% of the annual electricity consumed by our all-electric house. We don't have a large south-facing roof, so we couldn't easily install a larger system. But what about the remaining 98% electricity that we need to buy? About half a dozen years ago we signed up for 100% wind electricity after our state deregulated its electricity industry. We didn't have much of a choice to purchase "green" electricity. Only two utility companies offered electricity produced by renewable energy to residents of Maryland where I

453

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM: CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hunt . . . Sensible Heat Storage for a Solar Thermal Powerthrough Solar Geothermal, Electric, and Storage Systems (A. Foss, "Sensible heat storage for a solar thermal power

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM. CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1978  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

through Solar, Geothermal, Electric, and Storage Systems (with either direct solar gain or mass storage wall elements.Economical energy storage is essential if solar power plants

authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

AN EVALUATION OF SOLAR VALUATION METHODS USED IN UTILITY PLANNING AND PROCUREMENT PROCESSES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Storage Enhances the Economic Viability of Concentrating SolarSolar Photovoltaics (PV) in Electric Power Systems Utilizing Energy Storagestorage and/or natural gas augmentation to concentrating solar

Mills, Andrew D.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Shining Stars of Solar: Meet Three SunShot Postdoctoral Award...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

was on integrated devices for solar fuels. Solar fuels devices are akin to photovoltaics (solar cells), except instead of light being converted to electricity in an external...

457

Photovoltaic solar concentrator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic solar concentrator is disclosed with one or more transverse-junction solar cells (also termed point contact solar cells) and a lens located above each solar cell to concentrate sunlight onto the solar cell to generate electricity. Piezoelectric actuators tilt or translate each lens to track the sun using a feedback-control circuit which senses the electricity generated by one or more of the solar cells. The piezoelectric actuators can be coupled through a displacement-multiplier linkage to provide an increased range of movement of each lens. Each lens in the solar concentrator can be supported on a frame (also termed a tilt plate) having three legs, with the movement of the legs being controlled by the piezoelectric actuators.

Nielson, Gregory N.; Okandan, Murat; Resnick, Paul J.; Cruz-Campa, Jose Luis

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

458

Photovoltaic solar cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic solar cell for generating electricity from sunlight is disclosed. The photovoltaic solar cell comprises a plurality of spaced-apart point contact junctions formed in a semiconductor body to receive the sunlight and generate the electicity therefrom, the plurality of spaced-apart point contact junctions having a first plurality of regions having a first doping type and a second plurality of regions having a second doping type. In addition, the photovoltaic solar cell comprises a first electrical contact electrically connected to each of the first plurality of regions and a second electrical contact electrically connected to each of the second plurality of regions, as well as a passivation layer covering major surfaces and sidewalls of the photovoltaic solar cell.

Nielson, Gregory N; Okandan, Murat; Cruz-Campa, Jose Luis; Resnick, Paul J

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

459

El Paso Electric Company - Small Business and Commercial Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Business and Commercial Program Small Business and Commercial Program El Paso Electric Company - Small Business and Commercial Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Home Weatherization Insulation Design & Remodeling Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Large Commercial Solutions: $240/peak kW demand reduction Small Commercial Solutions: $400/kW demand reduction Provider El Paso Electric Company El Paso Electric (EPE) offers several incentive programs targeting small business owners as well as larger commercial and industrial EPE customers.

460

Monitoring SERC Technologies Solar Photovoltaics  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A webinar by National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Market Transformation Center electrical engineer Peter McNutt about Solar Photovoltaics and how to properly monitor its installation.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Sandia National Laboratories: Solar Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10, 2014, in Energy, Materials Science, News, News & Events, Photovoltaic, Renewable Energy, Research & Capabilities, Solar The Institute of Electrical and Electronics...

462

Plasmonic conversion of solar energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of solar energy into electricity in photovoltaic cells orsolar energy conversion aimed at photovoltaic applicationsenergy conversion, opening a new venue for photovoltaic and

Clavero, Cesar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Distributed Energy Resources On-Site Optimization for Commercial Buildings with Electric and Thermal Storage Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and solar thermal collectors; electrical storage, flowis disallowed; 5. a low storage, PV, and solar thermal priceand heat storage; heat exchangers for application of solar

Stadler, Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Optimal investment and scheduling of distributed energy resources with uncertainty in electric vehicles driving schedules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

photovoltaic panels (PV), solar thermal panels (ST), andphotovoltaic panels, solar thermal panels, and electricChiller, ST solar thermal system, PV photovoltaic. The

Cardoso, Goncalo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Inovateus Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inovateus Solar Inovateus Solar Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Inovateus Solar Name Inovateus Solar Address 19890 State Line Rd. Place South Bend, Indiana Zip 46637 Sector Solar Product Indiana-based PV systems integrator focusing on the commercial market. Inovateus also operates a string of dealerships distributing solar modules around the US. References Inovateus Solar[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! Inovateus Solar is a company located in South Bend, Indiana . Inovateus Solar is a distributor and integrator of solar electric solutions. Headquartered in South Bend, Indiana, Ind. Inovateus Solar has completed 80MW of solar installations in the Midwest and across the United States in 2012. Since 2004, the company has been working closely with the

466

Reduction of Ion Thermal Diffusivity Associated with the Transition of the Radial Electric Field in Neutral-Beam-Heated Plasmas in the Large Helical Device  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent large helical device experiments revealed that the transition from ion root to electron root occurred for the first time in neutral-beam-heated discharges, where no nonthermal electrons exist. The measured values of the radial electric field were found to be in qualitative agreement with those estimated by neoclassical theory. A clear reduction of ion thermal diffusivity was observed after the mode transition from ion root to electron root as predicted by neoclassical theory when the neoclassical ion loss is more dominant than the anomalous ion loss.

K. Ida et al.

2001-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

467

Multi-objective optimization of solar tower heliostat fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-objective optimization of solar tower heliostat fields Pascal Richter, Martin Frank and Erika Introduction Solar tower plants generate electric power from sunlight by focusing concentrated solar radiation electricity. Fig. 1 Solar tower plant PS10, 11 MW in Andalusia, Spain. [Source: flickr] Solar tower plants

Ábrahám, Erika

468

Solar Energy Resources and Technologies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Solar energy provides electricity, heating, and cooling for Federal facilities through four primary technology types. The four technologies are broken into two categories; technologies for electricity production and thermal energy technologies.

469

Integrated Solar Power Converters: Wafer-Level Sub-Module Integrated DC/DC Converter  

SciTech Connect

Solar ADEPT Project: CU-Boulder is developing advanced power conversion components that can be integrated into individual solar panels to improve energy yields. The solar energy that is absorbed and collected by a solar panel is converted into useable energy for the grid through an electronic component called an inverter. Many large, conventional solar energy systems use one, central inverter to convert energy. CU-Boulder is integrating smaller, microinverters into individual solar panels to improve the efficiency of energy collection. The Universitys microinverters rely on electrical components that direct energy at high speeds and ensure that minimal energy is lost during the conversion processimproving the overall efficiency of the power conversion process. CU-Boulder is designing its power conversion devices for use on any type of solar panel.

None

2012-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

470

Solar buildings. Overview: The Solar Buildings Program  

SciTech Connect

Buildings account for more than one third of the energy used in the United States each year, consuming vast amounts of electricity, natural gas, and fuel oil. Given this level of consumption, the buildings sector is rife with opportunity for alternative energy technologies. The US Department of Energy`s Solar Buildings Program was established to take advantage of this opportunity. The Solar Buildings Program is engaged in research, development, and deployment on solar thermal technologies, which use solar energy to produce heat. The Program focuses on technologies that have the potential to produce economically competitive energy for the buildings sector.

Not Available

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Solar Contractor Licensing | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Contractor Licensing Solar Contractor Licensing Solar Contractor Licensing < Back Eligibility Installer/Contractor Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Program Info State Nevada Program Type Solar/Wind Contractor Licensing Provider Nevada State Contractors Board - Reno Nevada law requires that solar energy system installers be licensed by the Nevada State Contractors Board. Contractors may be licensed under License Classification C-37 (solar contracting for solar water heating and space heating and air conditioning). Contractors may also perform solar work under License Classification C-1* (plumbing and heating), sub-classification (d) for solar water heating installations, or

472

Solar Contractor Licensing | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Contractor Licensing Solar Contractor Licensing Solar Contractor Licensing < Back Eligibility Installer/Contractor Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Program Info State Florida Program Type Solar/Wind Contractor Licensing Provider Florida Solar Energy Industries Association Until 1994, Florida offered limited specialty licenses for residential solar hot water and pool heating, as well a general solar contractor's license. These specialty licenses have not been issued since that time, although people holding these licenses may renew them. The new solar contractor license defines a broader scope of work. With the new license, solar contractors have the authority to install, maintain and

473

Renewable Electricity Generation (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This document highlights DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's advancements in renewable electricity generation technologies including solar, water, wind, and geothermal.

Not Available

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Definition: Solar cell | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar cell Solar cell (Redirected from Definition:PV cell) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Solar cell Converts light into electrical energy. Traditional solar cells are made from silicon; second-generation solar cells (thin-film solar cells) are made from amorphous silicon or nonsilicon materials such as cadmium telluride; and third-generation solar cells are being made from variety of new materials, including solar inks, solar dyes, and conductive plastics.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A solar cell (also called a photovoltaic cell) is an electrical device that converts the energy of light directly into electricity by the photovoltaic effect. It is a form of photoelectric cell (in that its electrical characteristics-e.g. current, voltage, or resistance-vary

475

Residential Solar Tax Credit | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Tax Credit Solar Tax Credit Residential Solar Tax Credit < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Maximum Rebate 5,000 for solar-energy systems Program Info Start Date 01/01/1998 (solar electric); 01/01/2006 (solar thermal) State New York Program Type Personal Tax Credit Rebate Amount 25% for solar-electric (PV) and solar-thermal systems; for third-party owned systems this is in reference to the aggregate amount owed under the contract rather than the amount owed in any single year Provider New York State Department of Taxation and Finance Enacted in August 1997, this personal income tax credit originally applied to expenditures on solar-electric (PV) equipment used on residential

476

Linear Concentrator System Basics for Concentrating Solar Power |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Linear Concentrator System Basics for Concentrating Solar Power Linear Concentrator System Basics for Concentrating Solar Power Linear Concentrator System Basics for Concentrating Solar Power August 20, 2013 - 4:45pm Addthis Photo of numerous parallel rows of parabolic trough collectors tracking the sun. Cooling towers and other generator equipment are in the midst of the troughs, and two water tanks are in the background. The Solar Electric Generating Station IV power plant in California consists of many parallel rows of parabolic trough collectors that track the sun. The cooling towers can be seen with the water plume rising into the air, and white water tanks are in the background. Credit: Sandia National Laboratory / PIX 14955 Linear concentrating solar power (CSP) collectors capture the sun's energy with large mirrors that reflect and focus the sunlight onto a linear

477

Open cycle liquid desiccant dehumidifier and hybrid solar/electric absorption refrigeration system. Annual report, January 1993--December 1993. Calendar year 1993  

SciTech Connect

This annual report presents work performed during calendar year 1993 by the Florida Solar Energy Center under contract to the US Department of Energy. Two distinctively different solar powered indoor climate control systems were analyzed: the open cycle liquid desiccant dehumidifier, and an improved efficiency absorption system which may be fired by flat plate solar collectors. Both tasks represent new directions relative to prior FSEC research in Solar Cooling and Dehumidification.

Nimmo, B.G.; Thornbloom, M.D.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Energy 101: Concentrating Solar Power | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

From towers to dishes to linear mirrors to troughs, concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies reflect and collect solar heat to generate electricity. A single CSP...

479

Aries Solar Termoelectrica SL ASTE | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SL (ASTE) Place: Madrid, Spain Zip: 28046 Sector: Solar Product: Joint venture to set up Solar Thermal Electricity Generation (STEG) plants in Castilla la Mancha. References:...

480

Solar Energy Resources and Technologies | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

array as part of its Manchester Laboratory Solar Project. Solar energy provides electricity, heating, and cooling for Federal facilities through four primary technology types....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large solar electric" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Orbits design for Leo space based solar power satellite system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Space Based Solar Power satellites use solar arrays to generate clean, green, and renewable electricity in space and transmit it to earth via microwave, (more)

Addanki, Neelima Krishna Murthy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Photoelectrochemical solar energy conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present paper the progress in the field of solar energy conversion for the production of electricity and storable ... critically analyzed in view of their stability and conversion efficiency. A number of factors

Rdiger Memming

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Energy 101: Solar PV  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Solar photovoltaic (PV) systems can generate clean, cost-effective power anywhere the sun shines. This video shows how a PV panel converts the energy of the sun into renewable electricity to power homes and businesses.

None

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

484

MHK Technologies/Current Electric Generator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Generator Generator < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Current Electric Generator.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Current Electric Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description The Current Electric Generator will create electricity in three different processes simultaniously by harnessing the motion of water current to rotate the generator Two forms of magnetic induction and solar cells on the outer housing will produce electricity very efficiently The generators will be wired up together in large fields on open waterways sumerged from harm The electricity will be sent back to mainland via an underwater wire for consumption The Current Electric Generator is designed with the environment in mind and will primarilly be constructed from recycled materials cutting emmisions cost

485

Solar Rights | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Buying & Making Electricity Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Program Info State Louisiana Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy In June 2010, Louisiana enacted solar rights legislation (HB 751) that prohibits certain entities from unreasonably restricting a property owner from installing a solar collector. Solar collectors are generally defined to include photovoltaics (PV), solar water heating, and any other system or device that uses sunlight as an energy source. While this law generally guarantees a property owner's right to install solar collectors, there are

486

Solar Rights | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Rights Solar Rights Solar Rights < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Buying & Making Electricity Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Program Info State Arizona Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy Arizona law protects individual homeowners' private property rights to solar access by dissolving any local covenant, restriction or condition attached to a property deed that restricts the use of solar energy. This law sustained a legal challenge in 2000. A Maricopa County Superior Court judge ruled in favor of homeowners in a lawsuit filed by their homeowners association seeking to force the homeowners to remove roof-top

487

Improved high temperature solar absorbers for use in Concentrating Solar Power central receiver applications.  

SciTech Connect

Concentrating solar power (CSP) systems use solar absorbers to convert the heat from sunlight to electric power. Increased operating temperatures are necessary to lower the cost of solar-generated electricity by improving efficiencies and reducing thermal energy storage costs. Durable new materials are needed to cope with operating temperatures >600 C. The current coating technology (Pyromark High Temperature paint) has a solar absorptance in excess of 0.95 but a thermal emittance greater than 0.8, which results in large thermal losses at high temperatures. In addition, because solar receivers operate in air, these coatings have long term stability issues that add to the operating costs of CSP facilities. Ideal absorbers must have high solar absorptance (>0.95) and low thermal emittance (<0.05) in the IR region, be stable in air, and be low-cost and readily manufacturable. We propose to utilize solution-based synthesis techniques to prepare intrinsic absorbers for use in central receiver applications.

Stechel, Ellen Beth; Ambrosini, Andrea; Hall, Aaron Christopher; Lambert, Timothy L.; Staiger, Chad Lynn; Bencomo, Marlene

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

SunShot Initiative: Regional Test Centers for Solar Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional Test Centers for Solar Technologies Regional Test Centers for Solar Technologies Get the Adobe Flash Player to see this video. Text Alternative At the Regional Test Centers (RTCs) throughout the United States, DOE provides photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) validation testing and systems monitoring for businesses and other industry stakeholders. The primary mission of the RTCs is to develop standards and guidelines for validating the performance and operation of PV modules and systems. The RTCs also serve as test beds for large-scale systems and provide independent validation of PV performance and reliability. By establishing the technical basis for bankability, the RTCs serve to increase investor confidence in PV technologies. These efforts support the SunShot Initiative's goal to increase the penetration of large-scale solar energy systems to enable solar-generated power to account for 15% to 18% of America's electricity generation by 2030.

489

Definition: Passive Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Passive Solar Passive Solar Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Passive Solar Passive Solar techniques include selecting materials with favorable thermal properties, designing spaces that naturally circulate air, and referencing the position of a building to the Sun.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Solar energy, radiant light and heat from the sun, is harnessed using a range of ever-evolving technologies such as solar heating, solar photovoltaics, solar thermal electricity, solar architecture and artificial photosynthesis. Solar technologies are broadly characterized as either passive solar or active solar depending on the way they capture, convert and distribute solar energy. Active solar techniques include the use of photovoltaic panels and solar thermal collectors to harness the energy.

490

Northeast Solar Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Northeast Solar Energy Northeast Solar Energy Research Center (NSERC) A multi-purpose research facility on the BNL campus Solar PV Array Size and Type * ~1.0 MW total - Area 1 sized for testing utility-scale inverters * System voltage level of 1,000V * Connected to BNL electrical distribution system * Capability to test multiple panel technologies with crystalline silicon PV modules making up the bulk of the array * Capability to re-configure the array into

491

The Effect of Offcut Angle on Electrical Conductivity of Direct Wafer-Bonded n-GaAs/n-GaAs Structures for Wafer-Bonded Tandem Solar Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

9: Current vs voltage for various electrical test points of9. Current vs voltage for various electrical test points ofvs voltage (J-V) curves in Figure 11. Our observations indicated that sulfur passivation improves the electrical

Yeung, King Wah Sunny

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Utilities Drive Solar Projects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The second quarter was the largest ever for utility photovoltaic installations in the U.S. Demand for solar electricity from power companies drove a 45% increase in solar installations compared with the first quarter and a 116% increase from last years ...

MELODY BOMGARDNER

2012-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

493

Heating Water with Solar Energy Costs Less at the Phoenix Federal Correctional Institution; Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) Achieving Results with Renewable Energy in the Federal Government (Brochure)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Heating Water with Solar Energy Costs Less Heating Water with Solar Energy Costs Less at the Phoenix Federal Correctional Institution A large solar thermal system installed at the Phoenix Federal Correctional Institution (FCI) in 1998 heats water for the prison and costs less than buying electricity to heat that water. This renewable energy system provides 70% of the facility's annual hot water needs. The Federal Bureau of Prisons did not incur the up-front

494

City Solar AG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City Solar AG Place: Bad Kreuznach, Germany Zip: D-55543 Sector: Services, Solar Product: Provides turnkey construction services for large-scale PV power plants, also has a...

495

Sandia National Laboratories: Concentrating Solar Power (CSP...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to, (1) novel research, development, and demonstration in reflector systems for efficient solar energy collection; (2) large-scale metrology; (3) receivers for solar-to-thermal...

496

Solar Energy | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Energy Dataset Summary Description Reduction of global greenhouse gas emission to arrest global warming requires minimizing the use of fossil fuels. To achieve this a large scale use of renewable energies must be made over the globe for production of electrical and thermal energy. Success of wind and solar energy projects require detailed and precise information on the resources. For most developing countries adequate information on the resources are not available. Source Renewable Energy Research Centre, University of Dhaka Date Released February 19th, 2007 (7 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords Feasibility Study resource assessment Solar Energy SWERA Bangladesh Wind Energy Data application/pdf icon swera_bangladesh_fullreport.pdf (pdf, 2.7 MiB)

497

Solar?energy conversion at high solar intensities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concentration of sunlight offers distinct advantages for solarelectrical generation either by thermal conversion or by photovoltaics. A large variety of concentration techniques are available with concentration ratios of 11000. Concentration is required for thermal conversion systems to attain the high temperatures needed for efficiencies in the desired range of about 25%35%. The projected costs for some of the solar thermal systems (especially the central receiver and the fixed mirror) indicate that they could be economically competitive in the southwestern states. The southwest may be required for these high?concentration systems to overcome the main disadvantage of concentration which is the use of the direct component of sunlight only. Other concerns of high?intensity systems are in tracking requirements reflective surface accuracy and material lifetimes of both the reflecting and absorbing components. Selective surface absorbers will be required for systems with concentration ratios below a few hundred. The present high cost of solar?cell?generated electricity can be reduced considerably by using concentrators. Cells can be used with any of the concentrator designs and the major concern is keeping them at acceptable operating temperatures. Planar silicon cells vertical multijunction and galliumaluminumarsenide cells all look attractive for concentrating systems.

Charles E. Backus

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

New Jersey Solar Power LLC NJ Solar Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Power LLC NJ Solar Power Solar Power LLC NJ Solar Power Jump to: navigation, search Name New Jersey Solar Power LLC (NJ Solar Power) Place New Jersey Sector Solar Product A photovoltaic engineering firm which offers and installs a complete line of solar electric products for residential, commercial, and institutional customers. References New Jersey Solar Power LLC (NJ Solar Power)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. New Jersey Solar Power LLC (NJ Solar Power) is a company located in New Jersey . References ↑ "New Jersey Solar Power LLC (NJ Solar Power)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=New_Jersey_Solar_Power_LLC_NJ_Solar_Power&oldid=349171

499

SCHOTT Solar GmbH formerly RWE Schott Solar GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar GmbH formerly RWE Schott Solar GmbH Solar GmbH formerly RWE Schott Solar GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name SCHOTT Solar GmbH (formerly RWE Schott Solar GmbH) Place Alzenau, Germany Zip 63755 Sector Solar Product German integrated PV manufacturer who also makes receivers for Solar Thermal Electricity Generation (STEG) projects. References SCHOTT Solar GmbH (formerly RWE Schott Solar GmbH)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. SCHOTT Solar GmbH (formerly RWE Schott Solar GmbH) is a company located in Alzenau, Germany . References ↑ "SCHOTT Solar GmbH (formerly RWE Schott Solar GmbH)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=SCHOTT_Solar_GmbH_formerly_RWE_Schott_Solar_GmbH&oldid=3506

500

Optimum penetration of utility-scale grid-connected solar photovoltaic systems in Illinois  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although solar photovoltaics (PV) are recognized as a promising source of clean energy production, researchers and policy makers need to know the optimum level of solar PV capacity penetration into the existing generation structure under the current fuel mix for the region. As the level of installed PV capacity increases, it is possible that the aggregated generation mix could produce electrical power exceeding electrical demand, thus requiring generator curtailment. Therefore, determining the optimum penetration of large-scale PV and aggregated technical and economic benefits is becoming an issue for both power utilities and policy makers. We report the development and validation of a new methodology for assessing the optimum capacity and benefits of state-wide grid-connected large scale solar PV systems in Illinois. The solar carve-out portion of the current renewable portfolio standard is also evaluated within the context of the state's sustainable energy plan for the near term future.

J.H. Jo; D.G. Loomis; M.R. Aldeman

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z