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1

Experimental Particle Physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high energy physics group at the University of South Carolina, under the leadership of Profs. S.R. Mishra, R. Petti, M.V. Purohit, J.R. Wilson (co-PI's), and C. Rosenfeld (PI), engaged in studies in "Experimental Particle Physics." The group collaborated with similar groups at other universities and at national laboratories to conduct experimental studies of elementary particle properties. We utilized the particle accelerators at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) in Illinois, the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) in California, and the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Switzerland. Mishra, Rosenfeld, and Petti worked predominantly on neutrino experiments. Experiments conducted in the last fifteen years that used cosmic rays and the core of the sun as a source of neutrinos showed conclusively that, contrary to the former conventional wisdom, the "flavor" of a neutrino is not immutable. A neutrino of flavor "e," "mu," or "tau," as determined from its provenance, may swap its identity with one of the other flavors -- in our jargon, they "oscillate." The oscillation phenomenon is extraordinarily difficult to study because neutrino interactions with our instruments are exceedingly rare -- they travel through the earth mostly unimpeded -- and because they must travel great distances before a substantial proportion have made the identity swap. Three of the experiments that we worked on, MINOS, NOvA, and LBNE utilize a beam of neutrinos from an accelerator at Fermilab to determine the parameters governing the oscillation. Two other experiments that we worked on, NOMAD and MIPP, provide measurements supportive of the oscillation experiments. Good measurements of the neutrino oscillation parameters may constitute a "low energy window" on related phenomena that are otherwise unobservable because they would occur only at energies way above the reach of conceivable accelerators. Purohit and Wilson participated in the BaBar experiment, which collected data at SLAC until 2008. They continued to analyze the voluminous BaBar data with an emphasis on precision tests of Quantum Chromodynamics and on properties of the "eta_B," a bottom quark paired in a meson with a strange quark. The ATLAS experiment became the principal research focus for Purohit. One of the world's largest pieces of scientific equipment, ATLAS observes particle collisions at the highest-energy particle accelerator ever built, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. Our efforts on ATLAS included participation in the commissioning, calibration, and installation of components called "CSCs". The unprecedented energy of 14 TeV enabled the ATLAS and CMS collaborations to declare discovery of the famous Higgs particle in 2012.

Rosenfeld, Carl [Univ of South Carolina] (ORCID:0000000338571223); Mishra, Sanjib R. [Univ of South Carolina; Petti, Roberto [Univ of South Carolina; Purohit, Milind V. [Univ of South Carolina

2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

2

Experimental Neutrino Physics  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

In this talk, I will review how a set of experiments in the last decade has given us our current understanding of neutrino properties. I will show how experiments in the last year or two have clarified this picture, and will discuss how new experiments about to start will address remaining questions. I will particularly emphasizethe relationship between various experimental techniques.

Chris Walter

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

3

Data archiving in experimental physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In experimental physics, data is archived from a wide variety of sources and used for a wide variety of purposes. In each of these environments, trade-offs are made between data storage rate, data availability, and retrieval rate. This paper presents archive alternatives in EPICS, the overall archiver design and details on the data collection and retrieval requirements, performance studies, design choices, design alternatives, and measurements made on the beta version of the archiver.

Dalesio, L.R.; Watson, W. III; Bickley, M. [Jefferson Lab., Newport News, VA (United States)]|[Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Clausen, M. [Deutches Elektronen Synchrotronen (Germany)]|[Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Experimental Mathematics and Mathematical Physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the most effective techniques of experimental mathematics is to compute mathematical entities such as integrals, series or limits to high precision, then attempt to recognize the resulting numerical values. Recently these techniques have been applied with great success to problems in mathematical physics. Notable among these applications are the identification of some key multi-dimensional integrals that arise in Ising theory, quantum field theory and in magnetic spin theory.

Bailey, David H.; Borwein, Jonathan M.; Broadhurst, David; Zudilin, Wadim

2009-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

5

ISABELLE. Volume 3. Experimental areas, large detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This section presents the papers which resulted from work in the Experimental Areas portion of the Workshop. The immediate task of the group was to address three topics. The topics were dictated by the present state of ISABELLE experimental areas construction, the possibility of a phased ISABELLE and trends in physics and detectors.

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

EPICS - Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Security/Privacy Notice Security/Privacy Notice EPICS Home g+ EPICS Page on Google+ g+ Communities EPICS Users on Google+ Argonne National Laboratory Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System Home News About Base Modules Extensions Distributions Download EPICSv4 IRMIS Talk Bugs Documents Links Licensing Format page for printing Google Search Tech-talk EPICS Home Page EPICS is a set of Open Source software tools, libraries and applications developed collaboratively and used worldwide to create distributed soft real-time control systems for scientific instruments such as a particle accelerators, telescopes and other large scientific experiments. Sitemap Home: EPICS Home at APS News: Recent news Meetings: Collaboration meeting details Codeathons: Codeathon developer meetings About: What is EPICS anyway?

7

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and that this may effect the energy confinement time as well as provide current drive. Of course, other effects mayPrinceton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal Title: CHI into an ohmic discharge

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

8

Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research - JASPER  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Commonly known as JASPER the Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research facility is a two stage light gas gun used to study the behavior of plutonium and other materials under high pressures, temperatures, and strain rates.

None

2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

9

Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research - JASPER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Commonly known as JASPER the Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research facility is a two stage light gas gun used to study the behavior of plutonium and other materials under high pressures, temperatures, and strain rates.

None

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

10

[Experimental nuclear physics]. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report of the Nuclear Physics Laboratory of the University of Washington on work supported in part by US Department of Energy contract DE-AC06-81ER40048. It contains chapters on giant dipole resonances in excited nuclei, nucleus-nucleus reactions, astrophysics, polarization in nuclear reactions, fundamental symmetries and interactions, accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS), ultra-relativistic heavy ions, medium energy reactions, work by external users, instrumentation, accelerators and ion sources, and computer systems. An appendix lists Laboratory personnel, a Ph. D. degree granted in the 1990-1991 academic year, and publications. Refs., 41 figs., 7 tabs.

NONE

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

EXPERIMENTAL METHODS OF ULTRACOLD ATOMIC PHYSICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the vacuum-limited lifetimes of the frigid gas samples. This common density sets a common characteristic ultracold atomic physics to contribute significantly to fields as diverse as condensed mat- ter physics. We focus on two main topics: the common experimental techniques of quantum gas experiments

Thywissen, Joseph

12

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal Title: Dependence of ELM size Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) have yielded a pedestal energy loss fraction between 5% and 20 with resonant magnetic perturbations2 or by access to small ELM regimes. Fig. 1 from reference1 , where

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

13

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal Title: Dependence of ELM size Projections1 of the energy loss from Type I ELMs for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor perturbations2 or by access to small ELM regimes. Fig. 1 from reference1 , where extrapolation to ITER is done

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

14

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review Board (designated by Run Coordinator) MINOR MODIFICATIONS (Approved by Experimental Research in NSTX and DIII-D. Because the physics of ELM mitigation by non- axisymmetric fields is not established, this experiment is somewhat exploratory in nature. For instance, plasma targets with various edge q

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

15

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a strong program of research in theoretical nuclear physics,Research 12.1 Overview The Nuclear Physics programan extensive program of experimental research in nuclear

Gerber, Richard A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Duct Systems in Large Commercial Buildings: Physical  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Duct Systems in Large Commercial Buildings: Physical Characterization, Air Leakage, and Heat Conduction Gains William 1. Fisk, Woody Delp, Rick Diamond, Darryl Dickerhoff, Ronnen Levinson, Mark Modera, Matty Nematollahi, Duo Wang Environmental Energy Technologies Division Indoor Environment Department Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley CA 94720 March 30, 1999 This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology and Community Systems, of the US Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098 and by the California Institute For Energy Efficiency. LBNL-42339

17

Fixed Target Beauty Physics Experimental Programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current and near term future fixed target physics efforts in observing particles with open beauty are reviewed. This includes a compilation of the non-observation upper limits and the observation of both upsilon and b-states. A short discussion of the theoretical predictions for the hadro-produced beauty pairs is included. The major part of this review is devoted to the techniques and tricks employed, a survey of the current and proposed experiments. A personal summary of the experimental prospects concludes this report. 28 refs., 26 figs.

Garbincius, P.H.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science at NERSC HPC Requirements Reviews Requirements for Science: Target 2014 Nuclear Physics (NP) Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics:...

19

ADEPS Vitae Vitae Experimental Physical Sciences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Gamma Ray Experiment Telescope), discovering the highest energy emission from gamma-ray bursts. She is a Fellow of the American Physical Society for her pioneering work on...

20

Experimental High Energy Physics Research: Direct Detection of Dark Matter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The grant supported research on an experimental search for evidence of dark matter interactions with normal matter. The PI carried out the research as a member of the LUX and LZ collaborations. The LUX research team collected a first data set with the LUX experiment, a large liquid xenon detector installed in the Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF). The first results were published in Physical Review Letters on March 4, 2014. The journal Nature named the LUX result a scientific highlight of the year for 2013. In addition, the LZ collaboration submitted the full proposal for the Lux Zeplin experiment, which has since been approved by DOE-HEP as a second-generation dark matter experiment. Witherell is the Level 2 manager for the Outer Detector System on the LUX-Zeplin experiment.

Witherell, Michael S.

2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research | National Nuclear  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research | National Nuclear Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Jasper Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Office of Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation > Office of Research and Development >

22

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plan 1. Assume previous XP ends with standard He-GDC 2. 2-3 Gas only shots 2 puff (128266) and 4 puff - Run Coordinator: Date Responsible Division: Experimental Research Operations Chit Review Board AUTHORS: C. H. Skinner, R. Maingi, V. Soukhanovski, W. Blanchard DATE: 4/9/08 1. Overview of planned

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

23

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Operations Chit Review Board (designated by Run Coordinator) MINOR MODIFICATIONS (Approved by Experimental and detailed nature of the inertial effects and dissipation mechanisms have yet to be determined. The strength, and neoclassical effects. Active braking of the plasma rotation by externally applied fields will be used to alter

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

24

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chit Review Board (designated by Run Coordinator) MINOR MODIFICATIONS (Approved by Experimental helical field, resonant electromagnetic coupling of rational surfaces to error fields or the conducting global nature of toroidal rotation damping at N / Nno-wall > 1 2) The observed dependence of rotation

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

25

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Responsible Division: Experimental Research Operations Chit Review Board (designated by Run Coordinator) MINOR redistribution and loss of fast ions resulting from the bursts. In addition, eternal braking fields eigenfunctions. Comparison with calculated BAAE eigenfunctions will improve understanding of the exact nature

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

26

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and height are determined by neutral penetration length. We would like to document SGI and CGI fueled pedestal conditions so that analytical models of neutral penetration can be applied. 3. Experimental run-mode discharge (1-2 shots) Repeat with LFS injector (Injector # 2) at identical rate and timing Use MPTS relative

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

27

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-mode reflectometry. The electron density scale length (Ln) at the B-X mode conversion layer is an important parameter at the B-X conversion layer. The antenna includes a port for a gas injection valve. #12;NSTX Experimental the Conversion of EBWs to X-Mode on NSTX OP-XP-404 Revision: 0 Effective Date: December 10, 2003 (Ref. OP-AD-97

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

28

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-mode reflectometry. The electron density scale length (Ln) at the B-X mode conversion layer is an important parameter at the B-X conversion layer. The antenna includes a port for a gas injection valve. #12;NSTX Experimental the Conversion of EBWs to X-Mode on NSTX OP-XP- 308 Revision: 3 Effective Date: February 10, 2003 (Ref. OP-AD-97

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

29

Mathematics of complexity in experimental high energy physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mathematical ideas and approaches common in complexity-related fields have been fruitfully applied in experimental high energy physics also. We briefly review some of the cross-pollination that is occurring.

H. C. Eggers

2005-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

30

Experimental particle physics in Finland: Statistics and Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental particle physics in Finland: Statistics and Overview P. Eerola University of Helsinki, Finland R­ECFA meeting Helsinki, Finland September 5, 1997 #12; History High­energy physics research was established in Finland by the late Prof. emer. K.V. Laurikainen in the 60's­70's. ffl 1960's Particle theory

Eerola, Paula

31

ATLAS Post-doctoral Research Associate Position in Experimental High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATLAS Post-doctoral Research Associate Position in Experimental High Energy Physics York University to work on the ATLAS experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The York ATLAS group is collaborating electronics for the ATLAS silicon detector upgrade. The successful candidate will be expected to take

32

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

IThe National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) is the primary computing center for the DOE Office of Science, serving approximately 4,000 users and hosting some 550 projects that involve nearly 700 codes for a wide variety of scientific disciplines. In addition to large-scale computing resources NERSC provides critical staff support and expertise to help scientists make the most efficient use of these resources to advance the scientific mission of the Office of Science. In May 2011, NERSC, DOEs Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) and DOEs Office of Nuclear Physics (NP) held a workshop to characterize HPC requirements for NP research over the next three to five years. The effort is part of NERSCs continuing involvement in anticipating future user needs and deploying necessary resources to meet these demands. The workshop revealed several key requirements, in addition to achieving its goal of characterizing NP computing. The key requirements include: 1. Larger allocations of computational resources at NERSC; 2. Visualization and analytics support; and 3. Support at NERSC for the unique needs of experimental nuclear physicists. This report expands upon these key points and adds others. The results are based upon representative samples, called case studies, of the needs of science teams within NP. The case studies were prepared by NP workshop participants and contain a summary of science goals, methods of solution, current and future computing requirements, and special software and support needs. Participants were also asked to describe their strategy for computing in the highly parallel, multi-core environment that is expected to dominate HPC architectures over the next few years. The report also includes a section with NERSC responses to the workshop findings. NERSC has many initiatives already underway that address key workshop findings and all of the action items are aligned with NERSC strategic plans.

Gerber, Richard A.; Wasserman, Harvey J.

2012-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

33

Investigations in Experimental and Theoretical High Energy Physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the work done under DOE grant DE-FG02-01ER41155. The experimental tasks have ongoing efforts at CERN (ATLAS), the Whipple observatory (VERITAS) and R&D work on dual readout calorimetry and neutrino-less double beta decay. The theoretical task emphasizes the weak interaction and in particular CP violation and neutrino physics. The detailed descriptions of the final report on each project are given under the appropriate task section of this report.

Krennrich, Frank [Iowa State University

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

34

High energy physics - The large and the small  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this Sixth International School on Field Theory and Gravitation, I was invited to give this talk to the students and researchers of Field Theory mainly about LHC - The Large Hadron Collider and results. I will try to summarize the main daily life of the high energy physics and give an idea about the experiments and the expectations for the near future. I will comment the present results and the prospects to LHC/CMS.

Santoro, Alberto [Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

35

Experimental High Energy Physics Brandeis University Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the past three years, the Brandeis experimental particle physics group was comprised of four faculty (Bensinger, Blocker, Sciolla, and Wellenstein), one research scientist, one post doc, and ten graduate students. The group focused on the ATLAS experiment at LHC. In 2011, the LHC delivered 5/fb of pp colliding beam data at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. In 2012, the center-of-mass energy was increased to 8 TeV, and 20/fb were delivered. The Brandeis group focused on two aspects of the ATLAS experiment -- the muon detection system and physics analysis. Since data taking began at the LHC in 2009, our group actively worked on ATLAS physics analysis, with an emphasis on exploiting the new energy regime of the LHC to search for indications of physics beyond the Standard Model. The topics investigated were Z' -> ll, Higgs -> ZZ* -. 4l, lepton flavor violation, muon compositeness, left-right symmetric theories, and a search for Higgs -> ee. The Brandeis group has for many years been a leader in the endcap muon system, making important contributions to every aspect of its design and production. During the past three years, the group continued to work on commissioning the muon detector and alignment system, development of alignment software, and installation of remaining chambers.

Blocker, Craig A. [Brandeis University] [Brandeis University; Bensinger, James [Brandeis University] [Brandeis University; Sciolla, Gabriella [Brandeis University] [Brandeis University; Wellenstein, Hermann [Brandeis University] [Brandeis University

2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

36

Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Elementary Particle Physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The elementary particle physics research program at Indiana University spans a broad range of the most interesting topics in this fundamental field, including important contributions to each of the frontiers identified in the recent report of HEPAP's Particle Physics Prioritization Panel: the Energy Frontier, the Intensity Frontier, and the Cosmic Frontier. Experimentally, we contribute to knowledge at the Energy Frontier through our work on the D0 and ATLAS collaborations. We work at the Intensity Frontier on the MINOS and NOvA experiments and participate in R&D for LBNE. We are also very active on the theoretical side of each of these areas with internationally recognized efforts in phenomenology both in and beyond the Standard Model and in lattice QCD. Finally, although not part of this grant, members of the Indiana University particle physics group have strong involvement in several astrophysics projects at the Cosmic Frontier. Our research efforts are divided into three task areas. The Task A group works on D0 and ATLAS; Task B is our theory group; and Task C contains our MINOS, NOvA, and LBNE (LArTPC) research. Each task includes contributions from faculty, senior scientists, postdocs, graduate and undergraduate students, engineers, technicians, and administrative personnel. This work was supported by DOE Grant DE-FG02-91ER40661. In the following, we describe progress made in the research of each task during the final period of the grant, from November 1, 2009 to April 30, 2013.

Evans, Harold G [Indiana University] [Indiana University; Kostelecky, V Alan [Indiana University] [Indiana University; Musser, James A [Indiana University] [Indiana University

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

37

Experimental Condensed Matter Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Experimental Condensed Matter Physics Experimental Condensed Matter Physics Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Experimental Condensed Matter Physics Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This research area supports experimental condensed matter physics emphasizing the relationship between the electronic structure and the properties of complex materials, often at the nanoscale. The focus is on systems whose behavior derives from strong correlation effects of electrons

38

Epistemology and expectations survey about experimental physics: Development and initial results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In response to national calls to better align physics laboratory courses with the way physicists engage in research, we have developed an epistemology and expectations survey to assess how students perceive the nature of physics experiments in the contexts of laboratory courses and the professional research laboratory. The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey for Experimental Physics (E-CLASS) evaluates students epistemology at the beginning and end of a semester. Students respond to paired questions about how they personally perceive doing experiments in laboratory courses and how they perceive an experimental physicist might respond regarding their research. Also, at the end of the semester, the E-CLASS assesses a third dimension of laboratory instruction, students reflections on their courses expectations for earning a good grade. By basing survey statements on widely embraced learning goals and common critiques of teaching labs, the E-CLASS serves as an assessment tool for lab courses across the undergraduate curriculum and as a tool for physics education research. We present the development, evidence of validation, and initial formative assessment results from a sample that includes 45 classes at 20 institutions. We also discuss feedback from instructors and reflect on the challenges of large-scale online administration and distribution of results.

Benjamin M. Zwickl; Takako Hirokawa; Noah Finkelstein; H.?J. Lewandowski

2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

39

ICARUS: An Innovative Large LAR Detector for Neutrino Physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ICARUS is an international project that foresees the installation of very large LAr detectors inside the Gran Sasso underground laboratory in order to be sensitive to rare phenomena of particle physics. The detection technique is based on the collection of electrons produced by particle interactions in LAr by a matrix of thousands of thin wires. At the moment the project foresees the installation of a 600 000?kg vessel (T600). The total amount of LAr can be expanded in a modular way to masses of the order of 106 kg. The T600 houses two identical 300 000?kg Ar sub?cryostats that are aluminum boxes about 20?m long 4?m high and 4?m wide. Safety requirements for the underground installation have led to a unique design for the vessels to prevent LAr spillages even in the case of inner cryostat failure. Electrons must drift over meters requiring the development of special gas and liquid Ar purification units to provide an extremely high LAr purity (better then 0.1 ppb). The cooling system has been designed to assure a high thermal uniformity in the detector volume (less than 1?K differential). The cryogenic system associated with the final ICARUS configuration is based on three N2 refrigerators three 30?m3 tanks and pump driven two?phase N2 forced?flow cooling of the various sub?systems. The T600 was successfully tested in Pavia in 2001 and it is now under installation in Gran Sasso for final operation. The future mass expansion strategy is under investigation.

C. Vignoli; D. Barni; J. M. Disdier; D. Rampoldi; G. Passardi; ICARUS Collaboration

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low-Energy Nuclear Physics National Joseph Carlson / HPC Initiative: Building a Universal Joseph Carlson Jonathan Engel Nuclear Energy Density Functional Structure and Reactions

Gerber, Richard A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for High Energy Physics for High Energy Physics Accelerator Physics P. Spentzouris, Fermilab Motivation Accelerators enable many important applications, both in basic research and applied sciences Different machine attributes are emphasized for different applications * Different particle beams and operation principles * Different energies and intensities Accelerator science and technology objectives for all applications * Achieve higher energy and intensity, faster and cheaper machine design, more reliable operation a wide spectrum of requirements for very complex instruments. Assisting their design and operation requires an equally complex set of computational tools. High Energy Physics Priorities High energy frontier * Use high-energy colliders to discover new particles and

42

Stability and support issues in the construction of large span caverns for physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New physics experiments, proposed to study neutrinos and protons, call for the use of large underground particle detectors. In the United States, such detectors would be housed in the US Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory (DUSEL), sited within the footprint of the defunct Homestake Mine, South Dakota. Although the experimental proposals differ in detail, all rely heavily upon the ability of the mined and reinforced rock mass to serve as a stable host for the detector facilities. Experimental proposals, based on the use of Water Cherenkov detector technology, specify rock caverns with excavated volumes in excess of half a million cubic meters, spans of at least 50 m, sited at depths of approximately one to 1.5 kilometers. Although perhaps sited at shallower depth, proposals based on the use of Liquid Argon (LAr) detector technology are no less challenging. LAr proposals not only call for the excavation of large span caverns, but have an additional need for the safe management of large quantities (kilo-tonnes) of cryogenic liquid, including critical provisions for the fail-safe egress of underground personnel and the reliable exhaust of Argon gas in the event of a catastrophic release. These multi-year, high value physics experiments will provide the key experimental data needed to support the research of a new generation of physicists as they probe the behavior of basic particles and the fundamental laws of nature. The rock engineer must deliver caverns that will reliably meet operational requirements and remain stable for periods conservatively estimated to be in excess of twenty years. This paper provides an overview of the DUSEL site conditions and discusses key end-user requirements and design criteria likely to dominate in determining the viability of experimental options. The paper stresses the paramount importance of collecting adequate site-specific data to inform early siting, dimensioning and layout decisions. Given the large-scale of the excavation and likely timeline to construction, the paper also strongly suggests that there are exciting opportunities for the rock mechanics and engineering community to identify and efficiently integrate research components into the design and construction process.

Laughton, C.; /Fermilab

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Experimental validation of the efficient robotic transportation algorithm for large-scale flexible space structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new large space structure transportation method proposed recently is modified and experimentally validated. The proposed method is to use space robots' manipulators to control the vibration, instead of their reaction ...

Ono, Masahiro, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic Spectrometer, Dark Energy Survey, Palomar Transientform the basis for dark energy surveys. Unlike high-redshiftDark Energy Mission (JDEM) and the Large Synoptic Sky Survey (

Gerber, Richard A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Modeling Massive Amount of Experimental Data with Large Random Matrices in a Real-Time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the (random) data matrix. In [1], the idea of modeling Big Data with (large) random matrices was proposed in the framework of Big Data. These series works [1]­[3] clearly articulated the ideas and treated the necessary1 Modeling Massive Amount of Experimental Data with Large Random Matrices in a Real-Time UWB

Qiu, Robert Caiming

46

First steps toward scientific cyber-security experimentation in wide-area cyber-physical systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This extended abstract reports on steps towards an environment for repeatable and scalable experiments on wide-area cyber-physical systems. The cyber-physical systems that underlie the world's critical infrastructure are increasingly vulnerable to attack ... Keywords: cyber-physical, cyber-security, experimental research, overlay network, smart grid, testbed

Ryan Goodfellow; Robert Braden; Terry Benzel; David E. Bakken

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Experimental Measurements of the Propagation of Large Amplitude Shear Alfv n Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Experimental Measurements of the Propagation of Large Amplitude Shear Alfv n Waves Walter of the electron inertial length ( = c/pe) across the field. They are, in all probability, shear Alfv n waves ionosphere. These can be narrow, also on the order of . Intense wave activity has been measured within

California at Los Angles, University of

48

ccsd00003051, Experimental Generation of Large Quadrature EPR Entanglement with a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ccsd­00003051, version 1 ­ 11 Oct 2004 Experimental Generation of Large Quadrature EPR Entanglement threshold opens the possibility to produce frequency degenerate bright EPR beams thanks to the phase and their respective links. The strongest EPR entanglement to date is then reported. The paper is organized as follows

49

Large-scale search 1 In press, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance (April 2014)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large-scale search 1 In press, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance), concrete, outdoor space to report which side of a coin on the ground faced up. They began search- centered (particularly retinotopic) representation of attention (Abrams & Pratt, 2000; Burr & Morrone, 2012

Jiang, Yuhong

50

Experimental Challenges of the European Strategy for Particle Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In planning for the Phase II upgrades of CMS and ATLAS major considerations are: 1)being able to deal with degradation of tracking and calorimetry up to the radiation doses to be expected with an integrated luminosity of 3000 $fb^{-1}$ and 2)maintaining physics performance at a pileup level of ~140. Here I report on work started within the context of the CMS Forward Calorimetry Task Force and continuing in an expanded CERN RD52 R$&$D program integrating timing (i.e. measuring the time-of-arrival of physics objects) as a potential tool for pileup mitigation and ideas for Forward Calorimetry. For the past 4 years our group has focused on precision timing at the level of 10-20 picoseconds in an environment with rates of $~10^6-10^7$ Hz/$cm^2 $ as is appropriate for the future running of the LHC (HL-LHC era). A time resolution of 10-20 picoseconds is one of the few clear criteria for pileup mitigation at the LHC, since the interaction time of a bunch crossing has an rms of 170 picosec. While work on charged particle timing in other contexts (i.e. ALICE R$&$D) is starting to approach this precision, there have been essentially no technologies that can sustain performance at these rates. I will present results on a tracker we developed within the DOE Advanced Detector R$&$D program which is now meeting these requirements. I will also review some results from Calorimeter Projects developed within our group (PHENIX EMCAL and ATLAS ZDC) which achieved calorimeter timing precision< 100 picoseconds.

Sebastian White

2013-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

51

Conference on Physics with Large Gamma-Ray Detector Arrays, Volume II Proceedings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONFERENCE ON PHYSICS FROM LARGE Y-RRV DETECTOR HRRRVS ClarkHa.gema.nn, lecture at this conference [4] G . Baldsiefen etHibel, lecture at this conference [7] R. M . Clark, lecture

Lawler editor, G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Prediction of Multi-Physics Behaviors of Large Lithium-Ion Batteries During Internal and External Short Circuit (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation describes the multi-physics behaviors of internal and external short circuits in large lithium-ion batteries.

Kim, G. H.; Lee, K. J.; Chaney, L.; Smith, K.; Darcy, E.; Pesaran, A.; Darcy, E.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Accelerator Physics Accelerators form the backbone of SLAC's on-site experimental program. Research at SLAC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Accelerator Physics Accelerators form the backbone of SLAC's on-site experimental program. Research at SLAC is continually improving accelerators, both here and at other laboratories, and paving the way for a new generation of particle acceleration technology. SLAC's famous linear accelerator

Wechsler, Risa H.

54

A guide to experimental elementary particle physics literature, 1985--1989  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an indexed guide to experimental high energy physics literature for the years 1985--1989. No actual data are given, but approximately 3500 papers are indexed by Beam/Target/Momentum, Reaction/Momentum (including the final stare), Final State Particle, and Accelerator/Experiment/ Detector.

Alekhin, S.I.; Bazeeva, V.V.; Ezhela, V.V.; Filimonov, B.B.; Lugovsky, S.B.; Nikolaev, A.S.; Petrova, N.L.; Slabospitsky, S.R.; Striganov, S.I.; Stroganov, Y.G.; Shelkovenko, A.N.; Yuschenko, O.P. (Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol'zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Serpukhov (USSR). Inst. Fiziki Vysokikh Ehnergij); Yost, G.P.; Rittenberg, A.; Armstrong, F.E.; Barnett, R.M.; Simpson, K.H.; Trippe, T.G.; Wagman, G.S.; W

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 84, 084101 (2011) Guiding the experimental discovery of magnesium alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 84, 084101 (2011) Guiding the experimental discovery of magnesium alloys Richard 2011; published 19 August 2011) Magnesium alloys are among the lightest structural materials known and are of considerable technological interest. To develop superior magnesium alloys, experimentalists must have

Hart, Gus

56

Development of an experimental system for optical characterization of large arbitrarily shaped particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A methodology is presented in order to optically characterize large absorbing irregularly shaped particles. Two experimental systems were developed and implemented: a particle nephelometer which measures angular scattering from a single electrodynamically levitated particle at ?=514.5 nm and an integrating sphere spectrometer which measures the spectral hemispherical reflectance of particulates in the wavelength range from 450 to 1959 nm. The particulates examined were spherical carbon particles and different oil shale particles. Measurements of phase function and cross polarization on individual particles indicate an increase in back scatter with increasing particle albedo. Criteria for particle discrimination are discussed.

Ch. Sasse

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Towards an Experimental Testbed Facility for Cyber-Physical Security Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) are under great scrutiny due to large Smart Grid investments and recent high profile security vulnerabilities and attacks. Research into improved security technologies, communication models, and emergent behavior is necessary to protect these systems from sophisticated adversaries and new risks posed by the convergence of CPSs with IT equipment. However, cyber-physical security research is limited by the lack of access to universal cyber-physical testbed facilities that permit flexible, high-fidelity experiments. This paper presents a remotely-configurable and community-accessible testbed design that integrates elements from the virtual, simulated, and physical environments. Fusing data between the three environments enables the creation of realistic and scalable environments where new functionality and ideas can be exercised. This novel design will enable the research community to analyze and evaluate the security of current environments and design future, secure, cyber-physical technologies.

Edgar, Thomas W.; Manz, David O.; Carroll, Thomas E.

2012-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

58

Art and science in the design of physically large and complex systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Research articles 1006 121 139 Art and science in the design of physically large and...might be characterized as the practice of science rather than that of an art. The article commences with a consideration of art and science in design. It then addresses the particular...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics Physics Physics Print Because a large proportion of ALS experiments are "physics" experiments, it's useful to separate them into two categories - one focused on Materials/Condensed Matter, and this one, with a dual focus on AMO (atomic, molecular, and optical) physics and accelerator physics. Light sources such as the ALS have opened up research frontiers that may hold the answers to fundamental questions about structure and dynamics in AMO physics. The advanced spectroscopies that have been developed here provide the ability to control and probe atomic and molecular processes with unprecedented precision. In particular, the spectral resolution, brightness, broad tunability, and polarization control generate novel avenues for the study of tailored states, inner-shell processes, and nonperturbative electron interactions. Driven by the high brightness of the ALS, a whole new world of vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) and soft x-ray physics has emerged through the development of combined techniques to excite, select, and probe atoms, molecules, and clusters.

60

Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research Facility Restart Operational Readiness Review Pre- Visit  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NNSS-2011-04-28 NNSS-2011-04-28 Site: Nevada National Security Site Subject: Office of Enforcement and Oversight's Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Activity Report for the Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research Facility Restart Operational Readiness Review Pre- Visit Dates of Activity: 04/25/2011 - 04/28/2011 Report Preparer William Macon Activity Description/Purpose: In coordination with the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Service Center, the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) site lead participated in a pre-visit for the NNSA Operational Readiness Review (ORR) of the Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research (JASPER) facility restart conducted April 25-28, 2011. The site lead also participated

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research Facility at the Nevada National Security Site, OAS-L-12-05  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Joint Actinide Shock Physics Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research Facility at the Nevada National Security Site OAS-L-12-05 April 2012 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 April 23, 2012 MEMORANDUM FOR THE MANAGER, NEVADA SITE OFFICE FROM: David Sedillo, Director Western Audits Division Office of Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Audit Report on "The Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research Facility at the Nevada National Security Site" BACKGROUND The Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration's, Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research (JASPER) facility plays an integral role in the certification of the Nation's nuclear weapons stockpile by providing a method to generate and measure data

62

A guide to experimental elementary particle physics literature, 1988--1992. Revision  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an indexed guide to the literature experimental particle physics for the years 1988--1992. About 4,000 papers are indexed by Beam/Target/Momentum, Reaction Momentum (including the final state), Final State Particle, and Accelerator/Detector/Experiment. All indices are cross-referenced to the paper`s title and reference in the ID/Reference/Title Index. The information in this guide is also publicly available from a regularly updated computer database.

Alekhin, S.I.; Ezhela, V.V.; Filimonov, B.B. [Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino, Moscow Region (Russian Federation)] [and others

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

LUCI: A facility at DUSEL for large-scale experimental study of geologic carbon sequestration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LUCI, the Laboratory for Underground CO{sub 2} Investigations, is an experimental facility being planned for the DUSEL underground laboratory in South Dakota, USA. It is designed to study vertical flow of CO{sub 2} in porous media over length scales representative of leakage scenarios in geologic carbon sequestration. The plan for LUCI is a set of three vertical column pressure vessels, each of which is {approx}500 m long and {approx}1 m in diameter. The vessels will be filled with brine and sand or sedimentary rock. Each vessel will have an inner column to simulate a well for deployment of down-hole logging tools. The experiments are configured to simulate CO{sub 2} leakage by releasing CO{sub 2} into the bottoms of the columns. The scale of the LUCI facility will permit measurements to study CO{sub 2} flow over pressure and temperature variations that span supercritical to subcritical gas conditions. It will enable observation or inference of a variety of relevant processes such as buoyancy-driven flow in porous media, Joule-Thomson cooling, thermal exchange, viscous fingering, residual trapping, and CO{sub 2} dissolution. Experiments are also planned for reactive flow of CO{sub 2} and acidified brines in caprock sediments and well cements, and for CO{sub 2}-enhanced methanogenesis in organic-rich shales. A comprehensive suite of geophysical logging instruments will be deployed to monitor experimental conditions as well as provide data to quantify vertical resolution of sensor technologies. The experimental observations from LUCI will generate fundamental new understanding of the processes governing CO{sub 2} trapping and vertical migration, and will provide valuable data to calibrate and validate large-scale model simulations.

Peters, C. A.; Dobson, P.F.; Oldenburg, C.M.; Wang, J. S. Y.; Onstott, T.C.; Scherer, G.W.; Freifeld, B.M.; Ramakrishnan, T.S.; Stabinski, E.L.; Liang, K.; Verma, S.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics Print Physics Print Because a large proportion of ALS experiments are "physics" experiments, it's useful to separate them into two categories - one focused on Materials/Condensed Matter, and this one, with a dual focus on AMO (atomic, molecular, and optical) physics and accelerator physics. Light sources such as the ALS have opened up research frontiers that may hold the answers to fundamental questions about structure and dynamics in AMO physics. The advanced spectroscopies that have been developed here provide the ability to control and probe atomic and molecular processes with unprecedented precision. In particular, the spectral resolution, brightness, broad tunability, and polarization control generate novel avenues for the study of tailored states, inner-shell processes, and nonperturbative electron interactions. Driven by the high brightness of the ALS, a whole new world of vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) and soft x-ray physics has emerged through the development of combined techniques to excite, select, and probe atoms, molecules, and clusters.

65

Bulk matter physics and its future at the Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements at low transverse momentum will be performed at the LHC for studying particle production mechanisms in $pp$ and heavy-ion collisions. Some of the experimental capabilities for bulk matter physics are presented, focusing on tracking elements and particle identification. In order to anticipate the study of baryon production for both colliding systems at multi-TeV energies, measurements for identified species and recent model extrapolations are discussed. Several mechanisms are expected to compete for hadro-production in the low momentum region. For this reason, experimental observables that could be used for investigating multi-parton interactions and help understanding the "underlying event" content in the first $pp$ collisions at the LHC are also mentioned.

B. Hippolyte

2009-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

66

Large-scale experimental landscapes reveal distinctive effects of patch shape and connectivity on arthropod communities.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The size, shape, and isolation of habitat patches can affect organism behavior and population dynamics, but little is known about the relative role of shape and connectivity in affecting ecological communities at large spatial scales. Using six sampling sessions from July 2001 until August 2002, we collected 33,685 arthropods throughout seven 12-ha experimental landscapes consisting of clear-cut patches surrounded by a matrix of mature pine forest. Patches were explicitly designed to manipulate connectivity (via habitat corridors) independently of area and edge effects. We found that patch shape, rather than connectivity, affected ground-dwelling arthropod richness and beta diversity (i.e. turnover of genera among patches). Arthropod communities contained fewer genera and exhibited less turnover in high-edge connected and high-edge unconnected patches relative to low-edge unconnected patches of similar area. Connectivity, rather than patch shape, affected the evenness of ground-dwelling arthropod communities; regardless of patch shape, high-edge connected patches had lower evenness than low- or high-edge unconnected patches. Among the most abundant arthropod orders, increased richness in low-edge unconnected patches was largely due to increased richness of Coleoptera, whereas Hymenoptera played an important role in the lower evenness in connected patches and patterns of turnover. These findings suggest that anthropogenic habitat alteration can have distinct effects on ground-dwelling arthropod communities that arise due to changes in shape and connectivity. Moreover, this work suggests that corridors, which are common conservation tools that change both patch shape and connectivity, can have multiple effects on arthropod communities via different mechanisms, and each effect may alter components of community structure.

Orrock, John, L.; Curler, Gregory, R.; Danielson, Brent, J.; Coyle, David. R.

2011-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

67

Large-scale experimental wind-driven rain exposure investigations of building integrated photovoltaics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Building integrated photovoltaics (BIPVs) are photovoltaic materials that replace conventional building materials in parts of the building envelopes, such as roofs or facades, i.e. the BIPV system serves dual purposes, as both a building envelope material and a power generator. Hence, it is important to focus on the building envelope properties of a BIPV system in addition to energy generation performance when conducting experimental investigations of BIPVs. The aim of this work was to illustrate challenges linked to the building envelope properties of a BIPV system, and to develop and evaluate relevant methods for testing the building envelope properties of BIPV systems. A sample roof area with two BIPV modules was built and tested in a turnable box for rain and wind tightness testing of sloping building surfaces with the aim of investigating the rain tightness of the BIPV system, and observing how it withstood wind-driven rain at large-scale conditions. The BIPV sample roof went through testing with run-off water and wind-driven rain with incremental pulsating positive differential pressure over the sample at two different inclinations. The BIPV sample roof was during testing constantly visually monitored, and various leakage points were detected. In order to prevent such water penetration, the steel fittings surrounding the BIPV modules should ideally be better adapted to the BIPV modules and constricted to some extent. It is however important to maintain a sufficient ventilation rate simultaneously.

Christer Breivik; Bjrn Petter Jelle; Berit Time; ystein Holmberget; John Nygrd; Einar Bergheim; Arvid Dalehaug

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Underground physics without underground labs: large detectors in solution-mined salt caverns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A number of current physics topics, including long-baseline neutrino physics, proton decay searches, and supernova neutrino searches, hope to someday construct huge (50 kiloton to megaton) particle detectors in shielded, underground sites. With today's practices, this requires the costly excavation and stabilization of large rooms in mines. In this paper, we propose utilizing the caverns created by the solution mining of salt. The challenge is that such caverns must be filled with pressurized fluid and do not admit human access. We sketch some possible methods of installing familiar detector technologies in a salt cavern under these constraints. Some of the detectors discussed are also suitable for deep-sea experiments, discussed briefly. These sketches appear challenging but feasible, and appear to force few major compromises on detector capabilities. This scheme offers avenues for enormous cost savings on future detector megaprojects.

Benjamin Monreal

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

69

Underground physics without underground labs: large detectors in solution-mined salt caverns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A number of current physics topics, including long-baseline neutrino physics, proton decay searches, and supernova neutrino searches, hope to someday construct huge (50 kiloton to megaton) particle detectors in shielded, underground sites. With today's practices, this requires the costly excavation and stabilization of large rooms in mines. In this paper, we propose utilizing the caverns created by the solution mining of salt. The challenge is that such caverns must be filled with pressurized fluid and do not admit human access. We sketch some possible methods of installing familiar detector technologies in a salt cavern under these constraints. Some of the detectors discussed are also suitable for deep-sea experiments, discussed briefly. These sketches appear challenging but feasible, and appear to force few major compromises on detector capabilities. This scheme offers avenues for enormous cost savings on future detector megaprojects.

Monreal, Benjamin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

The University of Virginia Experimental and Theoretical High Energy Physics Closeout Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The work covered in this report includes a joint project on using gauge-gravity duality to discover qualitatively new results on jet quenching in strongly-coupled QCD-like plasmas. Other topics addressed by the theoretical work include jet stopping and energy loss in weakly-coupled plasmas, perturbative QCD amplitudes, AdS/CMT, dynamical electroweak symmetry breaking with a heavy fourth generation, electroweak-scale #23;{nu}{sub R} model, vacuum topological structure and chiral dynamics in strongly coupled gauge theory. Effort committed to the CMS experiment is reported, particularly the management, maintenance, operation and upgrade of the CMS electromagnetic detector (ECAL). Activities in various physics analyses including Supersymmetry, Higgs, Top, and QCD analyses are reported. Physics projects covering wide areas of physics at the LHC are reported. CY2010 saw the accumulation of a data sample corresponding to approximately 36 pb{sup -1}; in CY 2011 the data sample swelled to more than 5 fb{sup -1}. The UVa CMS analysis efforts are focused on this large 2011 data sample in a suite of crucial measurements and searches. KTeV physics activities are reported. Efforts are reported pertaining to several experiments, including: HyperCP, CKM, MIPP, D?, NO#23;{nu}A, and Mu2e.

Principal Investigator: Harry B. Thacker

2012-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

71

Experimental Particle Physics in the LHC Era and Possible Implications for Development in Africa (467th Brookhaven Lecture)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Assamagan presented a talk titled Experimental Particle Physics in the LHC Era and Possible Implications for Development in Africa, in which he discussed the latest happenings at the LHC and ATLAS, and how African institutes participation in research at the LHC relates to the goals of the African School of Physics.

Assamagan, Ketevi (BNL Physics Dept) [BNL Physics Dept

2011-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

72

Collaborative Research: Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Plasma Physics of Antihydrogen Generation and Trapping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ever since Dirac predicted the existence of antimatter in 1928, it has excited our collective imagination. Seventy-four years later, two collaborations at CERN, ATHENA and ATRAP, created the first slow antihydrogen. This was a stunning achievement, but the most important antimatter experiments require trapped, not just slow, antihydrogen. The velocity, magnetic moment, and internal energy and state of the antihydrogen depend strongly on how it is formed. To trap antihydrogen, physicists face two broad challenges: (1) Understanding the behavior of the positron and antiprotons plasmas from which the antihydrogen is synthesized; and (2) Understanding the atomic processes by which positrons and antiprotons recombine. Recombination lies on the boundary between atomic and plasma physics, and cannot be studied properly without employing tools from both fields. The proposed collaborative research campaign will address both of these challenges. The collaboration members have unique experience in the relevant fields of experimental and theoretical non-neutral plasma physics, numerical modeling, nonlinear dynamics and atomic physics. This expertise is not found elsewhere amongst antihydrogen researchers. The collaboration members have strong ties already, and seek to formalize them with this proposal. Three of the four PIs are members of the ALPHA collaboration, an international collaboration formed by most of the principal members of the ATHENA collaboration.

Robicheaux, Francis

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

73

A new formulation of garnet-clinopyroxene thermometer using large number of experimental data with graphite capsules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new formulation of garnet-clinopyroxene thermometer using large number of experimental data as run products are accumulated, and a new formulation of garnet-clinopyroxene thermometer is created and clinopyroxene is fixed to be ­ 120.72 (J/kbar.mol). The regressed and obtained thermometer formulation

Nakamura, Daisuke

74

Processing experimental data and analysis of simulation codes from Nuclear Physics using distributed and parallel computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis we tried to show the impact of new technologies on scientific work in the large field of heavy ion physics and as a case study, we present the implementation of the event plane method, on a highly parallel technology: the graphic processor. By the end of the thesis, a comparison of the analysis results with the elliptic flow published by ALICE is made. In Chapter 1 we presented the computing needs at the heavy ion physics experiment ALICE and showed the current state of software and technologies. The new technologies available for some time, Chapter 2, present new performance capabilities and generated a trend in preparing for the new wave of technologies and software, which most indicators show will dominate the future. This was not disregarded by the scientific community and in consequence section 2.2 shows the rising interest in the new technologies by the High Energy Physics community. A real case study was needed to better understand how the new technologies can be applied in HEP and aniso...

Niculescu, Mihai; Hristov, Peter

75

The Long Wavelength Array (LWA): A Large HF/VHF Array for Solar Physics, Ionospheric Science, and Solar Radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Long Wavelength Array (LWA): A Large HF/VHF Array for Solar Physics, Ionospheric Science, and Solar Radar Namir E. Kassim Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 Stephen M. White AFRL will be a powerful tool for solar physics and space weather investigations, through its ability to characterize

Ellingson, Steven W.

76

Physically-based extreme flood frequency with stochastic storm transposition and paleoflood data on large watersheds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Traditionally, deterministic flood procedures such as the Probable Maximum Flood have been used for critical infrastructure design. Some Federal agencies now use hydrologic risk analysis to assess potential impacts of extreme events on existing structures such as large dams. Extreme flood hazard estimates and distributions are needed for these efforts, with very low annual exceedance probabilities ( ? 10 - 4 ) (return periods >10,000years). An integrated data-modeling hydrologic hazard framework for physically-based extreme flood hazard estimation is presented. Key elements include: (1) a physically-based runoff model (TREX) coupled with a stochastic storm transposition technique; (2) hydrometeorological information from radar and an extreme storm catalog; and (3) streamflow and paleoflood data for independently testing and refining runoff model predictions at internal locations. This new approach requires full integration of collaborative work in hydrometeorology, flood hydrology and paleoflood hydrology. An application on the 12,000km2 Arkansas River watershed in Colorado demonstrates that the size and location of extreme storms are critical factors in the analysis of basin-average rainfall frequency and flood peak distributions. Runoff model results are substantially improved by the availability and use of paleoflood nonexceedance data spanning the past 1000years at critical watershed locations.

John F. England Jr.; Pierre Y. Julien; Mark L. Velleux

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Experimental  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the results of these experiments may have implications for confinement in the spheromak, another low-field, relaxed state device with large-amplitude magnetic fluctuations....

78

Experimental studies of a large heterogeneous LMFBR benchmark core, ZPPR-13A  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ZPPR-13 program provides basic physics information for testing calculations of radially heterogeneous cores of about 700 MWe size. ZPPR-13 is part of the JUPITER cooperative program between Japan and the US. The results are presented of measurements and analysis for the first assembly, ZPPR-13A. These are the first data for heterogeneous cores of this size available in the US and complement results from ZPPR-9, a conventional LMFBR of similar size.

Brumbach, S.B.; Collins, P.J.; Carpenter, S.G.; Suzuki, S.; Kawashima, M.

1983-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

79

Experimental set-up for three PHOEBUS type large-area heliostats at the PSA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three large-area heliostat prototypes are being erected at the Plataforma Solar de Almeria by Spanish and German industry. The objective is to demonstrate their technical and economical suitability for a PHOEBUS power tower plant. The two different heliostat designs including two 100 ml glass/metal faceted heliostats and one 150 m{sup 2} stressed membrane heliostat are tested at a representative distance of 485 m to the PSA`s CESA tower. The paper introduces the heliostat designs and test set-up, such as location, targets, flux measurement, data acquisition and control.

Haeger, M. [Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V., Almeria (Spain). Plataforma Solar de Almeria; Schiel, W. [Schlaich Bergermann and Partner, Stuttgart (Germany); Romero, M. [Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas, Madrid (Spain). Instituto de Energias Renovables; Schmitz-Goeb, M. [L. and C. Steinmueller, Gummersbach (Germany)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

DOI 10.1140/epja/i2009-10865-7 Regular Article Experimental Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Physics, Kyushu Institute of Technology, 804-8550 Japan 7 Institute of Nuclear Physics, PAN, PL­24 (2009) THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL A Precise set of tensor analyzing power T20 data for the deuteron Instituut, NL-9747 AA Groningen, The Netherlands 4 Centro de Fisica Nuclear da Universidade de Lisboa, P

Zejma, Jacek

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

E-Print Network 3.0 - answer large physics Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

out Solutions of Homework Problems 1... ." What is the answer suppposed to be? An electric charge? A force? An energy? What ... Source: Wysin, Gary - Department of Physics,...

82

EXPERIMENTAL AND CALCULATED RESEARCHES OF NUCLEAR-PHYSICS CHARACTERISTICS OF ASSEMBLIES CONTAINING [237Np + 239Pu(98%)] IN TH  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

And Calculated Researches of Nuclear-Physics Characteristics And Calculated Researches of Nuclear-Physics Characteristics Of Assemblies Containing [ 237 Np + 239 Pu(98%)] in The Core and Reflector of Natural Uranium V.I.Gavrilov, I.Yu.Drozdov, N.V.Zavialov, V.I.Il'in, A.A.Kajgorodov, M.I.Kuvshinov, A.V.Panin Russian Federal Nuclear Center All-Russia Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics Neptunium 237 seems to be a promising material as a core component of such systems as pulsed reactors [2] and cascade blankets for electronuclear facilities [1]. To realize calculated simulation of such facilities it is required to know neutron-physics data for the materials included. In this respect 237 Np is a little-studied material. Thus, the rated values of critical mass for a "bare" sphere of

83

Experimental studies on NBI and ICRF heated plasmas in the large  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the Large Helical Device (LHD), upgrading of the key hardware system since the last EPS conference has led to (1)higher Te (Te(0) = 4.4keV at ne = 5.3?1018m-3 and Pabs = 1.8MW); (2)higher confinement (?E = 0.3s, Te(0) = 1.1keV at ne = 6.5?1019m-3 and Pabs = 2.0MW); (3)higher stored energy Wpdia = 880kJ; and (4)the highest ? value in helical devices (2.4% at B = 1.3T). The energy confinement was systematically higher than that predicted by the International Stellarator Scaling 95 up to a factor of 1.6. Ion cyclotron range of frequencies (ICRF) power up to 1.3MW was reliably injected into the plasma without significant impurity contamination and a plasma with stored energy of 200kJ was sustained for 5s by ICRF alone. Long pulse discharges greater than 1min in duration have been successfully achieved with ICRF power alone and with neutral beam injection (NBI) power alone. With NBI heating an 80s discharge was achieved with a heating power of 0.5MW at 2.75T. The electron density was maintained at around 1.6?1019m-3 by controlled gas puffing. The central electron and ion temperatures were kept around 1.5keV. With ICRF heating, a similar long pulse discharge was achieved for 68s with a heating power of 0.85MW. The sustained plasma parameters are: Wp~110kJ, Te(0)~Ti(0) = 2.0keV and ne = 1.0?1019m-3. During these discharges, no increase in radiation power has been observed.

K Kawahata; N Ohyabu; O Kaneko; A Komori; H Yamada; N Ashikawa; P deVries; M Emoto; H Funaba; M Goto; K Ida; H Idei; K Ikeda; S Inagaki; N Inoue; M Isobe; S Kado; K Khlopenkov; S Kubo; R Kumazawa; S Masuzaki; T Minami; J Miyazawa; T Morisaki; S Morita; S Murakami; S Muto; T Mutoh; Y Nagayama; Y Nakamura; H Nakanishi; K Narihara; K Nishimura; N Noda; T Notake; T Kobuchi; Y Liang; S Ohdachi; Y Oka; M Osakabe; T Ozaki; R O Pavlichenko; B J Peterson; A Sagara; K Saito; S Sakakibara; R Sakamoto; H Sasao; M Sasao; K Sato; M Sato; T Seki; T Shimozuma; M Shoji; H Suzuki; M Takechi; Y Takeiri; N Tamura; K Tanaka; K Toi; T Tokuzawa; Y Torii; K Tsumori; I Yamada; S Yamaguchi; S Yamamoto; M Yokoyama; Y Yoshimura; K Y Watanabe; T Watari; K Itoh; K Matsuoka; K Ohkubo; I Ohtake; S Satoh; T Satow; S Sudo; S Tanahashi; K Yamazaki; Y Hamada; O Motojima; M Fujiwara

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

A Comparison of Model-Scale Experimental Measurements and Computational Predictions for a Large Transom-Stern Wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The flow field generated by a transom stern hull form is a complex, broad-banded, three-dimensional system marked by a large breaking wave. This unsteady multiphase turbulent flow feature is difficult to study experimentally and simulate numerically. Recent model-scale experimental measurements and numerical predictions of the wave-elevation topology behind a transom-sterned hull form, Model 5673, are compared and assessed in this paper. The mean height, surface roughness (RMS), and spectra of the breaking stern-waves were measured by Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) and Quantitative Visualization (QViz) sensors over a range of model speeds covering both wet- and dry-transom operating conditions. Numerical predictions for this data set from two Office of Naval Research (ONR) supported naval-design codes, Numerical Flow Analysis (NFA) and CFDship-Iowa-V.4, have been performed. Comparisons of experimental data, including LiDAR and QViz measurements, to the numerical predictions for wet-transom and dry transo...

Drazen, David A; Fu, Thomas C; Beale, Kristine L C; O'Shea, Thomas T; Brucker, Kyle A; Dommermuth, Douglas G; Wyatt, Donald C; Bhushan, Shanti; Carrica, Pablo M; Stern, Fred

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics Physics1354608000000PhysicsSome of these resources are LANL-only and will require Remote Access.No Physics Some of these resources are LANL-only and will require Remote...

86

Physical Navigation to Support Graph Exploration on a Large High-Resolution Display  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

require new approaches to interact with the visualiza- tion. Ball et al. [3] found that physical interaction via mouse's scroll wheel. A ben- efit of our approach is that the users do not need their hands

Tominski, Christian

87

Conference on Physics with Large Gamma-Ray Detector Arrays, Volume II Proceedings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structure and Novel Nuclear Shapes, Argonne, Illinois, A NAvenue Argonne, IL 6 0 4 3 9 BoW. Cederwall Nuclear ScienceNuclear Physics Australian National University Canberra, ACT, 0200 Australia Torben Lauritsen Argonne

Lawler editor, G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Experimental evidence of charge-exchange recombination of highly ionized iron and titanium in Princeton large torus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The observed behavior of the emissivitives of boronlike Fe xxii, lithiumlike Fe xxiv and Ti xx, and the heliumlike Fe xxv ions in the Princeton large torus tokamak during high-power neutral (H0 or D0) beam heating is described. A substantial lowering of the dominant ionization state in the center of the discharge, while the electron temperature is rising, is attributed primarily to increased recombination rate of the ions through charge exchange with neutral hydrogen. This interpretation is supported by the different space and time behavior or the lithiumlike and boronlike ions of comparable ionization potentials, and by comparisons of neutral beam heating of the plasma with ion cyclotron resonance heating, which does not appreciably change the neutral hydrogen concentration. The observations are compared with approximate zero-dimensional model calculations, using experimental plasma conditions and estimated charge-exchange rates.

S. Suckewer; E. Hinnov; M. Bitter; R. Hulse; D. Post

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Procedure Title: Access to NSTX Experimental Areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NSTX D-Site Caretaking Vacuum Computer Tritium Quality Assurance/Quality Control AC Power Maintenance of this procedure is to delineate the rules and requirements for access to the NSTX experimental areas

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

90

Experimental synchronization of chaos in a large ring of mutually coupled single-transistor oscillators: Phase, amplitude, and clustering effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper experimental evidence of multiple synchronization phenomena in a large (n?=?30) ring of chaotic oscillators is presented. Each node consists of an elementary circuit generating spikes of irregular amplitude and comprising one bipolar junction transistor one capacitor two inductors and one biasing resistor. The nodes are mutually coupled to their neighbours via additional variable resistors. As coupling resistance is decreased phase synchronization followed by complete synchronization is observed and onset of synchronization is associated with partial synchronization i.e. emergence of communities (clusters). While component tolerances affect community structure the general synchronization properties are maintained across three prototypes and in numerical simulations. The clusters are destroyed by adding long distance connections with distant notes but are otherwise relatively stable with respect to structural connectivity changes. The study provides evidence that several fundamental synchronization phenomena can be reliably observed in a network of elementary single-transistor oscillators demonstrating their generative potential and opening way to potential applications of this undemanding setup in experimental modelling of the relationship between network structure synchronization and dynamical properties.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Model based multivariable controller for large scale compression stations. Design and experimental validation on the LHC 18KW cryorefrigerator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, a multivariable model-based non-linear controller for Warm Compression Stations (WCS) is proposed. The strategy is to replace all the PID loops controlling the WCS with an optimally designed model-based multivariable loop. This new strategy leads to high stability and fast disturbance rejection such as those induced by a turbine or a compressor stop, a key-aspect in the case of large scale cryogenic refrigeration. The proposed control scheme can be used to have precise control of every pressure in normal operation or to stabilize and control the cryoplant under high variation of thermal loads (such as a pulsed heat load expected to take place in future fusion reactors such as those expected in the cryogenic cooling systems of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor ITER or the Japan Torus-60 Super Advanced fusion experiment JT-60SA). The paper details how to set the WCS model up to synthesize the Linear Quadratic Optimal feedback gain and how to use it. After preliminary tuning at CEA-Grenoble on the 400W@1.8K helium test facility, the controller has been implemented on a Schneider PLC and fully tested first on the CERN's real-time simulator. Then, it was experimentally validated on a real CERN cryoplant. The efficiency of the solution is experimentally assessed using a reasonable operating scenario of start and stop of compressors and cryogenic turbines. This work is partially supported through the European Fusion Development Agreement (EFDA) Goal Oriented Training Program, task agreement WP10-GOT-GIRO.

Bonne, Franois; Bonnay, Patrick [INAC, SBT, UMR-E 9004 CEA/UJF-Grenoble, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble (France); Alamir, Mazen [Gipsa-Lab, Control Systems Department, CNRS-University of Grenoble, 11, rue des Mathmatiques, BP 46, 38402 Saint Martin d'Hres (France); Bradu, Benjamin [CERN, CH-1211 Genve 23 (Switzerland)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

92

Quasi-model-independent search for new physics at large transverse momentum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply a quasi-model-independent strategy (SLEUTH) to search for new high p(T) physics in ?100 pb(-1) of pp-bar collisions at s?=1.8TeV collected by the D experiment during 19921996 at the Fermilab Tevatron. Over 32 ...

Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Coppage, Don; Hebert, C.; Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Abdesselam, A.; Abolins, M.; Abramov, V.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, D. L.

2001-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

93

Honors, awards, and fellowships Kendall B. Davis Deutsch Award for Excellence in Experimental Physics at MIT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Honors, awards, and fellowships 1994 Kendall B. Davis Deutsch Award for Excellence in Experimental Pfau Humboldt postdoctoral fellowship Axel Görlitz DAAD postdoctoral fellowship Shin Inouye Deutsch of the Academy of Sciences, Göttingen, Germany #12;2 2000 Ananth Chikkatur Deutsch Award for Excellence

94

Physical Chemist Harold Clayton Urey (1893-1981) Columbia Chemistry Professor Harold Urey experimentally discovered deuterium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on uranium separation in Havemeyer Hall. Shortly thereafter Federal funding followed. By early 1941 Urey had experimentally discovered deuterium in 1931. Early in that year Urey conceived and worked out a method for concentration of a possible heavy hydrogen isotope by distillation of liquid hydrogen. Fractional distillation

95

A large liquid argon time projection chamber for long-baseline, off-axis neutrino oscillation physics with the NuMI beam  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results from neutrino oscillation experiments in the last ten years have revolutionized the field of neutrino physics. While the overall oscillation picture for three neutrinos is now well established and precision measurements of the oscillation parameters are underway, crucial issues remain. In particular, the hierarchy of the neutrino masses, the structure of the neutrino mixing matrix, and, above all, CP violation in the neutrino sector are the primary experimental challenges in upcoming years. A program that utilizes the newly commissioned NuMI neutrino beamline, and its planned upgrades, together with a high-performance, large-mass detector will be in an excellent position to provide decisive answers to these key neutrino physics questions. A Liquid Argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) [2], which combines fine-grained tracking, total absorption calorimetry, and scalability, is well matched for this physics program. The few-millimeter-scale spatial granularity of a LArTPC combined with dE/dx measurements make it a powerful detector for neutrino oscillation physics. Scans of simulated event samples, both directed and blind, have shown that electron identification in {nu}{sub e} charged current interactions can be maintained at an efficiency of 80%. Backgrounds for {nu}{sub e} appearance searches from neutral current events with a {pi}{sup 0} are reduced well below the {approx} 0.5-1.0% {nu}{sub e} contamination of the {nu}{sub {mu}} beam [3]. While the ICARUS collaboration has pioneered this technology and shown its feasibility with successful operation of the T600 (600-ton) LArTPC [4], a detector for off-axis, long-baseline neutrino physics must be many times more massive to compensate for the low event rates. We have a baseline concept [5] based on the ICARUS wire plane structure and commercial methods of argon purification and housed in an industrial liquefied-natural-gas tank. Fifteen to fifty kton liquid argon capacity tanks have been considered. A very preliminary cost estimate for a 50-kton detector is $100M (unloaded) [6]. Continuing R&D will emphasize those issues pertaining to implementation of this very large scale liquid argon detector concept. Key hardware issues are achievement and maintenance of argon purity in the environment of an industrial tank, the assembly of very large electrode planes, and the signal quality obtained from readout electrodes with very long wires. Key data processing issues include an initial focus on rejection of cosmic rays for a surface experiment. Efforts are underway at Fermilab and a small number of universities in the US and Canada to address these issues with the goal of embarking on the construction of industrial-scale prototypes within one year. One such prototype could be deployed in the MiniBooNE beamline or in the NuMI surface building where neutrino interactions could be observed. These efforts are complementary to efforts around the world that include US participation, such as the construction of a LArTPC for the 2-km detector location at T2K [7]. The 2005 APS neutrino study [1] recommendations recognize that ''The development of new technologies will be essential for further advances in neutrino physics''. In a recent talk to EPP2010, Fermilab director P. Oddone, discussing the Fermilab program, states on his slides: ''We want to start a long term R&D program towards massive totally active liquid Argon detectors for extensions of NOvA''. [8]. As such, we are poised to enlarge our R&D efforts to realize the promise of a large liquid argon detector for neutrino physics.

Finley, D.; Jensen, D.; Jostlein, H.; Marchionni, A.; Pordes, S.; Rapidis, P.A.; /Fermilab; Bromberg, C.; /Michigan State U.; Lu, C.; McDonald, T.; /Princeton U.; Gallagher,; Mann, A.; Schneps, J.; /Tufts U.; Cline, D.; Sergiampietri, F.; Wang, H.; /UCLA; Curioni, A.; Fleming, B.T.; /Yale U.; Menary, S.; /York U., Canada

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

EBIT - Electronic Beam Ion Trap: N Divison experimental physics annual report 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The multi-faceted research effort of the EBIT (Electron Beam Ion Trap) program in N-Division of the Physics and Space Technology Department at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) continues to contribute significant results to the physical sciences from studies with low energy very highly charged heavy ions. The EBIT program attracts a number of collaborators from the US and abroad for the different projects. The collaborations are partly carried out through participating graduate students demonstrating the excellent educational capabilities at the LLNL EBIT facilities. Moreover, participants from Historically Black Colleges and Universities are engaged in the EBIT project. This report describes EBIT work for 1995 in atomic structure measurements and radiative transition probabilities, spectral diagnostics for laboratory and astrophysical plasmas, ion/surface interaction studies, electron-ion interactions studies, retrap and ion collisions, and instrumental development.

Schneider, D. [ed.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Same-sign trileptons and four leptons as signatures of new physics at the Large Hadron Collider  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We point out that same-sign multilepton events, not given due attention yet for new physics search, can be extremely useful at the Large Hadron Collider. After showing the easy reducibility of the standard model backgrounds, we demonstrate the viability of same-sign trilepton signals for R-parity breaking supersymmetry, at both 7 and 14 TeV. We find that same-sign four-leptons, too, can have appreciable rates. Same-sign trileptons are also expected, for example, in Little Higgs theories with T-parity broken by anomaly terms.

Mukhopadhyaya, Biswarup [Regional Centre for Accelerator-based Particle Physics, Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhusi, Allahabad - 211 019 (India); Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata-700 032 (India); Mukhopadhyay, Satyanarayan [Regional Centre for Accelerator-based Particle Physics, Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhusi, Allahabad - 211 019 (India)

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Experimental results and numerical modeling of a high-performance large-scale cryopump. I. Test particle Monte Carlo simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For the torus of the nuclear fusion project ITER (originally the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor but also Latin: the way) eight high-performance large-scale customized cryopumps must be designed and manufactured to accommodate the very high pumping speeds and throughputs of the fusion exhaust gas needed to maintain the plasma under stable vacuum conditions and comply with other criteria which cannot be met by standard commercial vacuum pumps. Under an earlier research and development program a model pump of reduced scale based on active cryosorption on charcoal-coated panels at 4.5 K was manufactured and tested systematically. The present article focuses on the simulation of the true three-dimensional complex geometry of the model pump by the newly developed PROVAC3D Monte Carlo code. It is shown for gas throughputs of up to 1000 sccm (?1.69 Pa m3/s at T?=?0 C) in the free molecular regime that the numerical simulation results are in good agreement with the pumping speeds measured. Meanwhile the capture coefficient associated with the virtual region around the cryogenic panels and shields which holds for higher throughputs is calculated using this generic approach. This means that the test particle Monte Carlo simulations in free molecular flow can be used not only for the optimization of the pumping system but also for the supply of the input parameters necessary for the future direct simulation Monte Carlo in the full flow regime.

Xueli Luo; Christian Day; Horst Haas; Stylianos Varoutis

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Experimental results and numerical modeling of a high-performance large-scale cryopump. I. Test particle Monte Carlo simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the torus of the nuclear fusion project ITER (originally the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, but also Latin: the way), eight high-performance large-scale customized cryopumps must be designed and manufactured to accommodate the very high pumping speeds and throughputs of the fusion exhaust gas needed to maintain the plasma under stable vacuum conditions and comply with other criteria which cannot be met by standard commercial vacuum pumps. Under an earlier research and development program, a model pump of reduced scale based on active cryosorption on charcoal-coated panels at 4.5 K was manufactured and tested systematically. The present article focuses on the simulation of the true three-dimensional complex geometry of the model pump by the newly developed ProVac3D Monte Carlo code. It is shown for gas throughputs of up to 1000 sccm ({approx}1.69 Pa m{sup 3}/s at T = 0 deg. C) in the free molecular regime that the numerical simulation results are in good agreement with the pumping speeds measured. Meanwhile, the capture coefficient associated with the virtual region around the cryogenic panels and shields which holds for higher throughputs is calculated using this generic approach. This means that the test particle Monte Carlo simulations in free molecular flow can be used not only for the optimization of the pumping system but also for the supply of the input parameters necessary for the future direct simulation Monte Carlo in the full flow regime.

Luo Xueli; Day, Christian; Haas, Horst; Varoutis, Stylianos [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Technical Physics, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

100

A Large Liquid Argon TPC for Off-axis NuMI Neutrino Physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ICARUS collaboration has shown the power of the liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) technique to image events with bubble-chamber-like quality. I will describe a proposed long-baseline {nu}e appearance experiment utilizing a large ({>=} 15 kton1) LArTPC placed off-axis of Fermilab's NuMI {nu}{mu} beam. The total LArTPC program as it presently stands, which includes a number of smaller R and D projects designed to examine the key design issues, will be outlined.

Menary, Scott [York University, Toronto (Canada)

2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

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101

Physics characteristics of a large, passive, pressure tube light water reactor with voided calandria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A light water cooled and moderated pressure tube reactor concept has been developed that can survive loss-of-coolant accidents (LOCAs) without scram and without replenishing primary coolant inventory, while maintaining safe temperature limits on the fuel and pressure tube. The reactor employs a solid SiC-coated graphite fuel matrix in the pressure tubes and a calandria tank containing a low-pressure gas, surrounded by a graphite reflector. This normally voided calandria is connected to a light water heat sink. The cover gas displaces light water from the calandria during normal operation, while during LOCAs it allows passive calandria flooding. It is shown that such a system, with high void fraction in the core region, exhibits a high degree of neutron thermalization and a large prompt neutron lifetime, similar to D{sub 2}O moderated cores, although light water is used as both coolant and moderator. Moreover, the extremely large neutron migration length results in a strongly coupled core with a flat thermal flux profile and inherent stability against xenon spatial oscillations. The heterogeneous arrangement of the fuel and moderator ensures a negative void coefficient under all circumstances. Flooding of the calandria space with light water results in redundant reactor shutdown. Use of particle fuel allows attainment of high burnups.

Hejzlar, P.; Driscoll, M.J.; Todreas, N.E. [Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Closeout Report: Experimental High Energy Physics Group at the University of South Alabama  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The High Energy Physics group at the University of South Alabama has been supported by this research grant (DE-FG02-96ER40970) since 1996. One researcher, Dr. Merrill Jenkins, has been supported on this grant during this time worked on fixed target experiments at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, west of Chicago, Illinois. These experiments have been E-705, E-771, E-871 (HyperCP) and E-921 (CKM) before it was canceled for budgetary reasons. After the cancellation of CKM, Dr. Jenkins joined the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment as an associate member via the High Energy Physics Group at the Florida State University. A second, recently tenured faculty member, Dr. Romulus Godang joined the group in 2009 and has been supported by this grant since then. Dr. Godang is working on the BaBaR experiment at SLAC and has joined the Belle-II experiment located in Japan at KEK. According to the instructions sent to us by our grant monitor, we are to concentrate on the activities over the last three years in this closeout report.

Jenkins, Charles M; Godang, Romulus

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

103

REPORT OF RESEARCH ACTIVITIES FOR THE YEARS 2000 - 2003; HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS GROUP; SOUTHERN METHODIST UNIVERSITY; EXPERIMENTAL TASK A AND THEORY TASK B  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The experimental program in High Energy Physics at SMU was initiated in 1992. Its main goal is the search for new physics phenomena beyond the Standard Model (SSC, LHC) and the study of the properties of heavy quarks and leptons (CLEO, BTeV).

Dr. Ryszard Stroynowski

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Systems Sustainability: Implementation of Enhanced Maintenance Programs at the Kurchatov Institute, the All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental physics and the All-Russian Scientific Institute for Technical Physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Implementation of quality maintenance programs is essential to enhancing sustainable continuous operations of United States funded Materials Protection, Control and Accountability (MPC and A) equipment/systems upgrades at various Russian nuclear facilities. An effective maintenance program is expected to provide assurances to both parties for achieving maximum continuous systems operations with minimum down time. To be effective, the program developed must focus on minimum down time for any part of a system. Minimum down time is realized through the implementation of a quality maintenance program that includes preventative maintenance, necessary diagnostic tools, properly trained technical staff, and an in-house inventory of required spare parts for repairing the impacted component of the system. A centralized maintenance management program is logistically essential for the success of this effort because of the large volume of MPC and A equipment/systems installed at those sites. This paper will discuss current programs and conditions at the Russian Research Center-Kurchatov Institute, the All-Russian Scientific Institute for Technical Physics and the All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics and will address those steps necessary to implement an upgraded program at those sites.

Coppinger, M.; Pikula, M.; Randolph, J.D.; Windham, M.

1999-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

105

Experimental study of an active grid-generated shearless mixing layer and comparisons with large-eddy simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A shearless mixing layer characterized by interactions between two regions with different turbulence intensities but without mean shear is investigated experimentally in a wind tunnel. Reynolds numbers higher than those of prior studies [B. Gilbert Diffusion mixing in grid turbulence without mean shear J. Fluid Mech.100 349 (1980); S. Veeravalli and Z. Warhaft The shearless turbulent mixing layer J. Fluid Mech.207 191 (1989); B. Knaepen O. Debliquy and D. Carati Direct numerical simulation and large-eddy simulation of a shear-free mixing layer J. Fluid Mech.514 153 (2004); D. Tordella and M. Iovieno Numerical experiments on the intermediate asymptotics of shear-free turbulent transport and diffusion J. Fluid Mech.549 429 (2006); D. A. Briggs J. H. Ferziger J. R. Koseff and S. G. Monismith Entrainment in a shear-free turbulent mixing layer J. Fluid Mech.310 215 (1996)] are achieved by using an active grid with rotating winglets on one-half of its cross section. Stationary flow-conditioning fine meshes are used to avoid mean velocity gradients. Measurements are performed at five different downstream wind-tunnel locations using an X-type hot-wire probe and a stereoscopic particle image velocimetry system. The Reynolds numbers based on the Taylor microscale in the high- and low-kinetic energy regions are 170 and 88 respectively. The energy and integral length-scale ratios between the two regions are 4.27 and 1.73 respectively. The inlet turbulence in the upper and lower portions of the shearless mixing layer is not fully isotropic with the streamwise velocityfluctuations being between 6% and 13% higher than the cross-stream ones. Fundamental statistical properties of the flow are documented and analyzed at various scales using band-pass box-filtered velocities. Downstream evolution of variance and half-width of the mixing layer skewness and flatness factors as well as the statistics of two-point velocity increments at various displacements are presented. It is found that much of the deviations from Gaussian statistics originate from large-scale motions. The data are well suited to be used as initial condition for simulations and as test for large-eddy simulation(LES)models and codes. Comparison studies for three LESmodels including Smagorinsky dynamic Smagorinsky and dynamic mixed nonlinear models are implemented in simulations of temporally decaying shearless mixing layer using a pseudospectral code. Initial conditions are prescribed by matching the longitudinal energy spectra at all heights across the layer for both streamwise and cross-stream velocity components. LES with all three subgrid scale models tested underpredicts the kinetic energy and exhibits deviations from the measured non-Gaussian behaviors. Overall the dynamic Smagorinsky model predicts statistics slightly better than the other two models.

Hyung Suk Kang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

EBIT (Electron Beam Ion Trap), N-Division Experimental Physics. Annual report, 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The experimental groups in the Electron Beam Ion Trap (EBIT) program continue to perform front-line research with trapped and extracted highly charged ions (HCI) in the areas of ion/surface interactions, atomic spectroscopy, electron-ion interaction and structure measurements, highly charged ion confinement, and EBIT development studies. The ion surface/interaction studies which were initiated five years ago have reached a stage where they an carry out routine investigations, as well as produce breakthrough results towards the development of novel nanotechnology. At EBIT and SuperEBIT studies of the x-ray emission from trapped ions continue to produce significant atomic structure data with high precision for few electron systems of high-Z ions. Furthermore, diagnostics development for magnetic and laser fusion, supporting research for the x-ray laser and weapons programs, and laboratory astrophysics experiments in support of NASA`s astrophysics program are a continuing effort. The two-electron contributions to the binding energy of helium like ions were measured for the first time. The results are significant because their precision is an order of magnitude better than those of competing measurements at accelerators, and the novel technique isolates the energy corrections that are the most interesting. The RETRAP project which was initiated three years ago has reached a stage where trapping, confining and electronic cooling of HCI ions up to Th{sup 80+} can be performed routinely. Measurements of the rates and cross sections for electron transfer from H{sub 2} performed to determine the lifetime of HCI up to Xe{sup q+} and Th{sup q+} (35 {le} q {le} 80) have been studied at mean energies estimated to be {approximately} 5 q eV. This combination of heavy ions with very high charges and very low energies is rare in nature, but may be encountered in planned fusion energy demonstration devices, in highly charged ion sources, or in certain astrophysical events.

Schneider, D. [ed.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

2014 8 22 4:00PM-5:00PM Title: "Exploration of the Higgs boson and the Physics case for the Large Hadron Electron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2014 8 22 4:00PM-5:00PM Title: "Exploration of the Higgs boson and the Physics case for the Large Hadron Electron Collider" Abstract: With the discovery of a Higgs boson at the Large Hadron) Prof. Mellado is an expert on the Higgs boson ­ a sub-atomic particle that is thought to give matter

Wang, Yayu

108

Experimental investigation and constitutive modeling of the large deformation behavior of anisotropic steel sheets undergoing strain-induced phase transformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The strain-induced phase transformation from austenite to martensite is responsible for the high strength and ductility of TRansformation-Induced Plasticity (TRIP)- assisted steels. The large deformation behavior of ...

Beese, Allison M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Extracting Experimental Information from Large Matrixes. 1. A New Algorithm for the Application of Matrix Rank Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Matrix Rank Analysis Ga´bor Peintler,*, Istva´n Nagypa´l, Attila Jancso´, Irving R. Epstein algorithm for the application of matrix rank analysis to extract significant experimental information from. Introduction Matrix rank analysis (MRA) of spectroscopic data is a widely used method to determine the number

Epstein, Irving R.

110

Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A'Hearn, Michael F. - Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland at College Park Aalberts, Daniel P. - Department of Physics,...

111

Onset and Subsequent Transient Phenomena of Liquid Loading in Gas Wells: Experimental Investigation Using a Large Scale Flow Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was carried out to study the onset of liquid loading and the subsequent transient phenomena, using a large scale flow loop to visualize two-phase flow regimes, and to measure pressure and liquid holdup along a 42-m long vertical tube. From this investigation...

Waltrich, Paulo

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

112

Analysis and experimental study on formation conditions of large-scale barrier-free diffuse atmospheric pressure air plasmas in repetitive pulse mode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atmospheric air diffuse plasmas have enormous application potential in various fields of science and technology. Without dielectric barrier, generating large-scale air diffuse plasmas is always a challenging issue. This paper discusses and analyses the formation mechanism of cold homogenous plasma. It is proposed that generating stable diffuse atmospheric plasmas in open air should meet the three conditions: high transient power with low average power, excitation in low average E-field with locally high E-field region, and multiple overlapping electron avalanches. Accordingly, an experimental configuration of generating large-scale barrier-free diffuse air plasmas is designed. Based on runaway electron theory, a low duty-ratio, high voltage repetitive nanosecond pulse generator is chosen as a discharge excitation source. Using the wire-electrodes with small curvature radius, the gaps with highly non-uniform E-field are structured. Experimental results show that the volume-scaleable, barrier-free, homogeneous air non-thermal plasmas have been obtained between the gap spacing with the copper-wire electrodes. The area of air cold plasmas has been up to hundreds of square centimeters. The proposed formation conditions of large-scale barrier-free diffuse air plasmas are proved to be reasonable and feasible.

Li, Lee, E-mail: leeli@mail.hust.edu.cn; Liu, Lun; Liu, Yun-Long; Bin, Yu; Ge, Ya-Feng; Lin, Fo-Chang [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology, School of Electric and Electronic Engineering, HuaZhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), Wuhan 430074 (China)

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

113

Preprint accepted for publication in Computers and Education Computer-Assisted Assignments in a Large Physics Class  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Preprint accepted for publication in Computers and Education Computer-Assisted Assignments interactivecontact with the students. 1. Introduction The use of computers in education is very widespread was electricity magnetism, optics and modern physics as the second part of the introductory physics sequence

114

Evaluation of landfill gas production and emissions in a MSW large-scale Experimental Cell in Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Landfill gas (LFG) emissions from municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills are an important environmental concern in Brazil due to the existence of several uncontrolled disposal sites. A program of laboratory and field tests was conducted to investigate gas generation in and emission from an Experimental Cell with a 36,659-ton capacity in Recife/PE Brazil. This investigation involved waste characterisation, gas production and emission monitoring, and geotechnical and biological evaluations and was performed using three types of final cover layers. The results obtained in this study showed that waste decomposes 45 times faster in a tropical wet climate than predicted by traditional first-order models using default parameters. This fact must be included when considering the techniques and economics of projects developed in tropical climate countries. The design of the final cover layer and its geotechnical and biological behaviour proved to have an important role in minimising gas emissions to the atmosphere. Capillary and methanotrophic final cover layers presented lower CH4 flux rates than the conventional layer.

Felipe Juc Maciel; Jos Fernando Thom Juc

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Physical and Chemical Impact of Sulphuric Acid on Cylinder Lubrication for Large 2-Stroke Marine Diesel Engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The influence of sulphuric acid, H2SO4..., on the physical and chemical behaviour of marine Diesel engine lubricant base oils was investigated. To understand...2SO4 with the lubricant film, the saturated hydrocar...

Falko A. Sautermeister; Martin Priest

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Large forward-backward asymmetry in B{yields}K{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} from new physics tensor operators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the constraints on possible new physics contributions to the forward-backward asymmetry of muons, A{sub FB}(q{sup 2}), in B{yields}K{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}. New physics in the form of vector/axial-vector operators does not contribute to A{sub FB}(q{sup 2}), whereas new physics in the form of scalar/pseudoscalar operators can enhance A{sub FB}(q{sup 2}) only by a few percent. However, new physics in the form of tensor operators can take the peak value of A{sub FB}(q{sup 2}) to as high as 40% near the high-q{sup 2} end point. In addition, if both scalar/pseudoscalar and tensor operators are present, then A{sub FB}(q{sup 2}) can be more than 15% for the entire high-q{sup 2} region q{sup 2}>15 GeV{sup 2}. The observation of significant A{sub FB} would imply the presence of new physics tensor operators, whereas its q{sup 2} dependence could further indicate the presence of new scalar/pseudoscalar physics.

Alok, Ashutosh Kumar; Dighe, Amol [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400005 (India); Sankar, S. Uma [Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai 400076 (India)

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Aspects of Unparticle Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review some theoretical and experimental issues in unparticle physics, focusing mainly on collider signatures.

Arvind Rajaraman

2008-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

118

PHYSICAL REVIEW C 81, 044910 (2010) Production of exotic atoms at energies available at the CERN Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

one of the ions in the collider ("bound-free" pair production). In particular the process of pair several insights in the production mechanism which have not been explored in the literature. OurPHYSICAL REVIEW C 81, 044910 (2010) Production of exotic atoms at energies available at the CERN

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

119

Does the ECMWF IFS convection parameterisation with stochastic physics correctly reproduce relationships between convection and the large-scale state?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Important questions concerning parameterisation of tropical convection are how should sub-grid scale variability be represented, and which large-scale variables should be used in the parameterisations? Here we compare the statistics of ...

Peter A. G. Watson; H. M. Christensen; T. N. Palmer

120

CPU/GPU computing for long-wave radiation physics on large GPU clusters Fengshun Lu n  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

within the Tianhe-1A supercomputer. Experimental results demonstrate that the hybrid version can expensive that it is often performed with coarser grid resolutions and longer time steps in operational heavily on HPC platforms. Owing to the continuous evolution of the computational infrastructure

Bridges, Patrick

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

(Experimental physics at Yale University: Research proposal and budget Proposal, 1 January 1992--31 December 1996)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report reviews the following topics: nuclear and quark matter; correlated pairs from heavy ion collisions-search for new low mass resonances coupled to electron-positron collisions; proposed light ion research program; experimental nuclear astrophysics (explosive nucleosynthesis); search for rare decay modes and rare processes in nuclei; and nuclear spectroscopy at the extremes of spin, isospin, and temperature. (LSP).

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

[Experimental physics at Yale University: Research proposal and budget Proposal, 1 January 1992--31 December 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report reviews the following topics: nuclear and quark matter; correlated pairs from heavy ion collisions-search for new low mass resonances coupled to electron-positron collisions; proposed light ion research program; experimental nuclear astrophysics (explosive nucleosynthesis); search for rare decay modes and rare processes in nuclei; and nuclear spectroscopy at the extremes of spin, isospin, and temperature. (LSP).

Not Available

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

...a new route for the US experimental physics manpower pipeline? BU/DOE Research Semester/Summer Abroad Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to ATLAS and CMS software packages homework analysis exercises with real LHC data 2) radiation and safety and research groups, 1) 5-week, 4 hr/wk, intensive software training at CERN, including computational methods statistical analysis of experimental data intensive orientation to LHC software: ROOT, C++, etc. introduction

Goldberg, Bennett

124

PROCEEDINGS OF THE RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP ON LARGE SCALE COMPUTATIONS IN NUCLEAR PHYSICS USING THE QCDOC, SEPTEMBER 26 - 28, 2002.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The massively parallel computer QCDOC (QCD On a Chip) of the RIKEN BNL Research Center (RI3RC) will provide ten-teraflop peak performance for lattice gauge calculations. Lattice groups from both Columbia University and RBRC, along with assistance from IBM, jointly handled the design of the QCDOC. RIKEN has provided $5 million in funding to complete the machine in 2003. Some fraction of this computer (perhaps as much as 10%) might be made available for large-scale computations in areas of theoretical nuclear physics other than lattice gauge theory. The purpose of this workshop was to investigate the feasibility and possibility of using a supercomputer such as the QCDOC for lattice, general nuclear theory, and other calculations. The lattice applications to nuclear physics that can be investigated with the QCDOC are varied: for example, the light hadron spectrum, finite temperature QCD, and kaon ({Delta}I = 1/2 and CP violation), and nucleon (the structure of the proton) matrix elements, to name a few. There are also other topics in theoretical nuclear physics that are currently limited by computer resources. Among these are ab initio calculations of nuclear structure for light nuclei (e.g. up to {approx}A = 8 nuclei), nuclear shell model calculations, nuclear hydrodynamics, heavy ion cascade and other transport calculations for RHIC, and nuclear astrophysics topics such as exploding supernovae. The physics topics were quite varied, ranging from simulations of stellar collapse by Douglas Swesty to detailed shell model calculations by David Dean, Takaharu Otsuka, and Noritaka Shimizu. Going outside traditional nuclear physics, James Davenport discussed molecular dynamics simulations and Shailesh Chandrasekharan presented a class of algorithms for simulating a wide variety of femionic problems. Four speakers addressed various aspects of theory and computational modeling for relativistic heavy ion reactions at RHIC. Scott Pratt and Steffen Bass gave general overviews of how qualitatively different types of physical processes evolve temporally in heavy ion reactions. Denes Molnar concentrated on the application of hydrodynamics, and Alex Krasnitz on a classical Yang-Mills field theory for the initial phase. We were pleasantly surprised by the excellence of the talks and the substantial interest from all parties. The diversity of the audience forced the speakers to give their talks at an understandable level, which was highly appreciated. One particular bonus of the discussions could be the application of highly developed three-dimensional astrophysics hydrodynamics codes to heavy ion reactions.

AOKI,Y.; BALTZ,A.; CREUTZ,M.; GYULASSY,M.; OHTA,S.

2002-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

125

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerator experimental tests Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Physics 6 Research in: Experimental Photonuclear Physics Summary: & Phenomenology Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology Accelerator Physics Health Physics...

126

High Energy Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Scale Production Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics: Target 2017 HEPlogo.jpg The NERSC Program Requirements Review "Large Scale Computing and Storage...

127

Physics design of a 100 keV acceleration grid system for the diagnostic neutral beam for international tokamak experimental reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the physics design of a 100 keV, 60 A H{sup -} accelerator for the diagnostic neutral beam (DNB) for international tokamak experimental reactor (ITER). The accelerator is a three grid system comprising of 1280 apertures, grouped in 16 groups with 80 apertures per beam group. Several computer codes have been used to optimize the design which follows the same philosophy as the ITER Design Description Document (DDD) 5.3 and the 1 MeV heating and current drive beam line [R. Hemsworth, H. Decamps, J. Graceffa, B. Schunke, M. Tanaka, M. Dremel, A. Tanga, H. P. L. De Esch, F. Geli, J. Milnes, T. Inoue, D. Marcuzzi, P. Sonato, and P. Zaccaria, Nucl. Fusion 49, 045006 (2009)]. The aperture shapes, intergrid distances, and the extractor voltage have been optimized to minimize the beamlet divergence. To suppress the acceleration of coextracted electrons, permanent magnets have been incorporated in the extraction grid, downstream of the cooling water channels. The electron power loads on the extractor and the grounded grids have been calculated assuming 1 coextracted electron per ion. The beamlet divergence is calculated to be 4 mrad. At present the design for the filter field of the RF based ion sources for ITER is not fixed, therefore a few configurations of the same have been considered. Their effect on the transmission of the electrons and beams through the accelerator has been studied. The OPERA-3D code has been used to estimate the aperture offset steering constant of the grounded grid and the extraction grid, the space charge interaction between the beamlets and the kerb design required to compensate for this interaction. All beamlets in the DNB must be focused to a single point in the duct, 20.665 m from the grounded grid, and the required geometrical aimings and aperture offsets have been calculated.

Singh, M. J. [ITER-India, Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382428 (India); De Esch, H. P. L. [CEA-Cadarache, IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Top Quark Current Experimental Status  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ten years after its discovery at the Tevatron collider, we still know little about the top quark. Its large mass suggests it may play a key role in the mechanism of Electroweak Symmetry Breaking (EWSB), or open a window of sensitivity to new physics related to EWSB and preferentially coupled to it. To determine whether this is the case, precision measurements of top quark properties are necessary. The high statistics samples being collected by the Tevatron experiments during Run II start to incisively probe the top quark sector. This report summarizes the experimental status of the top quark, focusing in particular on the recent measurements from the Tevatron.

A. Juste

2006-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

129

Measurement of the spectroscopic quadrupole moment of Au186: Experimental verification of the large prolate deformation of the186Au ground state  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the first on-line measurements of quadrupole-interaction-resolved nuclear magnetic resonance on oriented nuclei. The 10-min Au186 activity was obtained as daughter after cold implantation of mass-separated Hg186 into a hcp Co single crystal at the NICOLE facility at ISOLDE-3 (CERN). The quadrupole interaction of Co186(hcp) was fully resolved, and the spectroscopic quadrupole moment of Au186 was determined to be Q=+3.12(20) b. This implies ?2=+0.246(16), proving the large prolate deformation of the Au186 ground state.

B. Hinfurtner; E. Hagn; E. Zech; R. Eder

1991-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

130

Michael Schmitt Physics at a -Collider 20-March-2001 1 Physics at a -Collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of speci#12;c CP #15; Since photons couple only to electric charge, production of neutral particles circulate, and sensitivity is not masked by a large SM tree level contribution. #12; Michael Schmitt Physics;. #15; Preparing the photon beam is experimentally challenging. The cost comes in a broad energy

Schmitt, Michael

131

Conceptual design report, CEBAF basic experimental equipment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) will be dedicated to basic research in Nuclear Physics using electrons and photons as projectiles. The accelerator configuration allows three nearly continuous beams to be delivered simultaneously in three experimental halls, which will be equipped with complementary sets of instruments: Hall A--two high resolution magnetic spectrometers; Hall B--a large acceptance magnetic spectrometer; Hall C--a high-momentum, moderate resolution, magnetic spectrometer and a variety of more dedicated instruments. This report contains a short description of the initial complement of experimental equipment to be installed in each of the three halls.

NONE

1990-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

132

LANL | Physics | Nuclear Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Leaders in nuclear physics Physics Division scientists and engineers play an important role in the Laboratory's Nuclear Physics program, funded by the Department of Energy's Office...

133

APPLIED PHYSICS APPLIED PHYSICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MSc APPLIED PHYSICS #12;MSc APPLIED PHYSICS This taught Masters course is based on the strong research in Applied Physics in the University's Department of Physics. The department has an impressive photonics and quantum optics, Physics and the Life Sciences, and solid state physics. The knowledge gained

Mottram, Nigel

134

The floodplain large-wood cycle hypothesis: A mechanism for the physical and biotic structuring of temperate forested alluvial valleys in the North Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

species Biogeomorphology River restoration A `floodplain large-wood cycle' is hypothesized as a mechanism for generating landforms and influencing river dynamics in ways that structure and maintain riparian and aquatic ecosystems of forested alluvial river valleys of the Pacific coastal temperate rainforest of North America

Montgomery, David R.

135

Elementary Reactor Physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THERE are few subjects which have developed at the rate at which reactor physics and ... physics and reactor theory have done. This, of course, is largely due to the circumstances in ...

J. F. HILL

1962-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

136

Review of multi-dimensional large-scale kinetic simulation and physics validation of ion acceleration in relativistic laser-matter interaction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two new experimental technologies enabled realization of Break-out afterburner (BOA) - High quality Trident laser and free-standing C nm-targets. VPIC is an powerful tool for fundamental research of relativistic laser-matter interaction. Predictions from VPIC are validated - Novel BOA and Solitary ion acceleration mechanisms. VPIC is a fully explicit Particle In Cell (PIC) code: models plasma as billions of macro-particles moving on a computational mesh. VPIC particle advance (which typically dominates computation) has been optimized extensively for many different supercomputers. Laser-driven ions lead to realization promising applications - Ion-based fast ignition; active interrogation, hadron therapy.

Wu, Hui-Chun [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hegelich, B.M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fernandez, J.C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shah, R.C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Palaniyappan, S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Jung, D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Yin, L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Albright, B.J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bowers, K. [Guest Scientist of XCP-6; Huang, C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kwan, T.J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

137

Ratios of $W$ and $Z$ cross sections at large boson $p_T$ as a constraint on PDFs and background to new physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We motivate a measurement of various ratios of $W$ and $Z$ cross sections at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at large values of the boson transverse momentum ($p_T\\gtrsim M_{W,Z}$). We study the dependence of predictions for these cross-section ratios on the multiplicity of associated jets, the boson $p_T$ and the LHC centre-of-mass energy. We present the flavour decomposition of the initial-state partons and an evaluation of the theoretical uncertainties. We show that the $W^+/W^-$ ratio is sensitive to the up-quark to down-quark ratio of parton distribution functions (PDFs), while other theoretical uncertainties are negligible, meaning that a precise measurement of the $W^+/W^-$ ratio at large boson $p_T$ values could constrain the PDFs at larger momentum fractions $x$ than the usual inclusive $W$ charge asymmetry. The $W^\\pm/Z$ ratio is insensitive to PDFs and most other theoretical uncertainties, other than possibly electroweak corrections, and a precise measurement will therefore be useful in validating theoretical predictions needed in data-driven methods, such as using $W(\\to\\ell\

Sarah Alam Malik; Graeme Watt

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

138

Physics | More Science | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics Physics ORNL Physics More Science Home | Science & Discovery | More Science | Physics SHARE Physics Bottom view of the 25 million volt tandem electrostatic accelerator of the Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility. Physics researchers at ORNL seek to answer fascinating questions about our Universe: What are the nuclear reactions that drive stellar explosions? How does nuclear matter organize itself? What are the properties of nuclear interactions? Why is there more matter than antimatter in the universe? Is the neutrino its own antiparticle? What are the properties of matter that existed just after the Big Bang? Our research staff address these questions by developing experimental techniques and detector systems, performing experiments at national and

139

E-Print Network 3.0 - atlas physics workshop Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

York University. August 3... of Physics at the LHC 2010, ... Source: Experimental High Energy Physics Collection: Plasma Physics and Fusion ; Physics 7 Comparison of the ATLAS...

140

Nuclear Physics and Hadron Therapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hadron therapy uses light charged particles beams (mainly proton and {sup 12}C ions) to irradiate tumors. These beams present a ballistic advantage with a maximum energy deposition at the end of the path. A large dose can be delivered inside a deep tumor while the surrounding healthy tissues are preserved. There is an obvious advantage in using these beams but the beam control has to be achieved and all the physical processes leading to the energy deposition have to be fully under control. This treatment protocol requires accurate control devices and a good knowledge of the physical processes occurring all along the path of the projectile in human tissues. In this report, we will present one example of a beam monitor for the proton therapy. We will also present the experimental program which has been initiated to obtain fundamental data on the nuclear fragmentation process.

Braunn, B. [Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire de Caen, ENSICAEN, Universite de Caen, CNRS/IN2P3 Caen (France); CEA/Saclay, DSM/IRFU/SPhN, Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Colin, J.; Courtois, C.; Cussol, D.; Fontbonne, J. M.; Labalme, M. [Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire de Caen, ENSICAEN, Universite de Caen, CNRS/IN2P3 Caen (France)

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

LANL | Physics | LDRD  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Innovation in experimental physical sciences Innovation in experimental physical sciences The Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program is the premier source of internally directed research and development funding at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Physics Division, as the major source of innovation in experimental physical science at Los Alamos, actively competes in most of the Directed Research Grand Challenges and the Exploratory Research categories. We have research in the Grand Challenges of Beyond The Standard Model, Complex Biological Systems, Information Science and Technology, Nuclear Performance, and Sensing and Measurement Science for Global Security. We are also funded to do research in the categories of Biological, Biochemical, and Cognitive Sciences, Computational Physics, Applied math and Knowledge Sciences,

142

Searches for New Physics at the Tevatron and LHC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is an auspicious moment in experimental particle physics - there are large data samples at the Tevatron and a new energy regime being explored at the Large Hadron Collider with ever larger data samples. The coincidence of these two events suggests that we will soon be able to address the question, what lies beyond the standard model? Particle physics's current understanding of the universe is embodied in it. The model has been tested to extreme precision - better than a part in ten thousand - but we suspect that it is only an approximation, and that physics beyond this standard model will appear in the data of the Tevatron and LHC in the near future. This brief review touches on the status of searches for new physics at the time of the conference.

Wittich, Peter; /Cornell U., LEPP

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Physics centre threatened  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Washington. Fusion research at the Prince-ton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), one of the principal US fusion research centres, would be shut down for ... Experimental Reac-tor, to which the United States is a sub-scriber, and on PPPL's new project, the Tokamak Physics Experiment. The TFTR (Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor) ...

Traci Watson

1992-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

144

Experimental Highlights  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

weapons as they age or are subjected to the immense pressures and temperatures of a thermonuclear explosion. By providing experimental data to compare to computer models of...

145

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a "fixed wall" device is key for management of plasma-wall (i.e., divertor) interactions. In particular-H transition. The early times after this transition being generally blob-less. The proposed experiment intends

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

146

Experimental Fusion Research | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

confinement. The shiny metal keeps the particles from re-entering the plasma as a cold gas, retains impurities that can cool the plasma and halt fusion reactions, and...

147

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-mode plasmas, using Neon injection and the (diode based) USXR poloidal arrays. While thermal ion transport in H H- modes by using deuterated-methane and neon gas puffs as well as vitreous carbon pellet injection. We will first attempt injection into ELM-free H-modes by applying brief (50-200 ms) gas puffs

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

148

The Early Days of Experimental Neutrino Physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and 3). After a few months of operation, during which we made several...We were so concerned that the cold weather would cause precipitation ofthe...solute that we wrapped electrical heaters around our specially constructed...

Frederick Reines

1979-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

149

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the optimal sequencing of H-mode, heating, and current ramp rate to reliably access qmin >> 1 at the end/ empirical justification Rapid penetration of the current density during the current ramp phase of a tokamak operation. Such rapid current penetration can be caused by either high plasma resistivity or plasma

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

150

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the experiment will then attempt to determine the error-field penetration threshold scaling with B-field, shape, if some confidence can be gained that error fields have been minimized in NSTX, the penetration threshold ramp-rate to reach flat-top current at t=160ms for higher IP shots or use higher current reference

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

151

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 21900  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 21900 Physics for Architecture Students Designation suggested material: Giancoli, Physics, Principles with Applications (6th ed.) (required), Prentice Hall Giancoli, Physics, Principles with Applications, Student Guide (6th ed.) (optional), Prentice Hall Course

Lombardi, John R.

152

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 20300  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 20300 General Physics Designation: Required Undergraduate Catalog description: For majors in the life sciences (biology, medicine, dentistry, psychology, physical therapy) and for liberal arts students. Fundamental ideas and laws of physics from mechanics to modern

Lombardi, John R.

153

An Overview of STAR Experimental Results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With large acceptance and excellent particle identification, STAR is one of the best mid-rapidity collider experiments for studying high-energy nuclear collisions. The STAR experiment provides full information on initial conditions, properties of the hot and dense medium as well as the properties at freeze-out. In Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200$ GeV, STAR's focus is on the nature of the sQGP produced at RHIC. In order to explore the properties of the QCD phase diagram, since 2010, the experiment has collected sizable data sets of Au+Au collisions at the lower collision energy region where the net-baryon density is large. At the 2014 Quark Matter Conference, the STAR experiment made 16 presentations that cover physics topics including {\\it collective dynamics}, {\\it electromagnetic probes}, {\\it heavy flavor}, {\\it initial state physics}, {\\it jets}, {\\it QCD phase diagram}, {\\it thermodynamics and hadron chemistry}, and {\\it future experimental facilities, upgrades, and instrumentation} [1-16]. In this overview we will highlight a few results from the STAR experiment, especially those from the recent measurements of the RHIC beam energy scan program. At the end, instead of a summary, we will discuss STAR's near future physics programs at RHIC.

N. Xu

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

154

Experimental Psychology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of the British Medical Bulletin, an 80-page issue has been published concentrating on experimental psychology*. This is introduced and edited by Prof. Summerfield and contains fifteen short, but ... the question of just whom the work is intended for. Medical people unacquainted with experimental psychology will find the going very hard; because of the limited space available to each ...

H. J. EYSENCK

1964-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

155

Experimental Psychology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... French publishers, Presses Universitaires de France, have produced a nine-volume work on experimental psychology, broadly conceived, under the joint editorship of Professors Fraisse and Piaget. Volume 1, ... Professors Fraisse and Piaget. Volume 1, concerned with the history and method of experimental psychology, first appeared in 1963 in French. It consists of the following four chapters: ...

W. SLUCKIN

1968-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

156

Experimental Psychology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Exprimental is the first JL treatise of its kind since the Harvard Handbook of Experimental Psychology, edited by S. S. Stevens and published in 1951. In a way, ... come from France, for although there has been a distinguished French psychological tradition, experimental psychology has never held a central place in it. Nor has the output of the ...

O. L. ZANGWILL

1964-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

157

Department of Physics & Astronomy Experimental Particle Physics Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nick Brook 1) Leif L¨onnblad 2) Abstract We summarize the activities in working group 10 concerned this workshop in understanding the merits and deficiencies of different programs. contribution to the 1998

Glasgow, University of

158

Department of Physics & Astronomy Experimental Particle Physics Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the future ATLAS experiment at the LHC imposes severe demands on the radiation hardness of the GaAs detectors were performed at the ISIS facility [2] for the neutron exposure, with a spectrum strongly peaked at 1 of the ATLAS semiconductor tracker. 3 Reverse Current The effect of all three types of irradiation

Glasgow, University of

159

January 2010 Physics 3300  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the large scale currents work as they do? Why is the ocean stratified? How long does it take water to move Current measurements 8) Wind Driven Ocean Circulation Sverdrup, Munk and Stommel Western Boundary Currents to Physical Oceanography deals with the physics of the processes in the ocean, providing an integrating view

deYoung, Brad

160

Nuclear physics and cosmology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are important aspects of Cosmology, the scientific study of the large scale properties of the universe as a whole, for which nuclear physics can provide insights. Here, we will focus on Standard Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis and we refer to the previous edition of the School [1] for the aspects concerning the variations of constants in nuclear cosmo-physics.

Coc, Alain [Centre de Sciences Nuclaires et de Sciences de la Matire (CSNSM), CNRS/IN2P3, Universit Paris Sud 11, UMR 8609, Btiment 104, F-91405 Orsay Campus (France)

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Physics division progress report for period ending September 30 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses research being conducted at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in physics. The areas covered are: Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility; low/medium energy nuclear physics; high energy experimental physics; the Unisor program; experimental atomic physics; laser and electro-optics lab; theoretical physics; compilations and evaluations; and radioactive ion beam development. (LSP)

Livingston, A.B. (ed.)

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Physics Division progress report for period ending September 30, 1988  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report covers the research and development activities of the Physics Division for the 1988 fiscal year, beginning October 1, 1987, and ending September 30, 1988. The activities of this Division are concentrated in the areas of experimental nuclear physics, experimental atomic physics, and theoretical nuclear and atomic physics. Operation of the Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility as a national user facility continues to represent the single largest activity within the Division. This year saw the completion of the acceleration tube upgrade of the 25-MV tandem electrostatic accelerator and the achievement of record terminal potentials, operation for an experiment with 25 million volts on terminal, and successful tests with beam at 25.5 MV. The experimental nuclear physics program continues to be dominated by research utilizing heavy ions. These activities, while continuing to center largely on the Holifield Facility, have seen significant growth in the use of facilities that provide intermediate energies and especially ultrarelativistic beams. The UNISOR program, since its inception, has been intimately associated with the Division and, most particularly, with the Holifield Facility. In addition to the Holifield Facility, the Division operates two smaller facilities, the EN Tandem and the ECR Ion Source Facility, as ''User Resources.'' The efforts in theoretical physics, covering both nuclear and atomic physics, are presented. In addition to research with multicharged heavy ions from the ECR source, the effort on atomic physics in support of the controlled fusion program includes a plasma diagnostics development program. The concentration of this program on optical and laser technology is marked by the change in designation to the Laser and Electro-Optics Lab. A small, continuing effort in elementary particle physics, carried out in collaboration with the University of Tennessee, is reported.

Livingston, A.B. (ed.)

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Top Physics at ATLAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Large Hadron Collider LHC is a top quark factory: due to its high design luminosity, LHC will produce about 200 millions of top quarks per year of operation. The large amount of data will allow to study with great precision the properties of the top quark, most notably cross-section, mass and spin. The Top Physics Working Group has been set up at the ATLAS experiment, to evaluate the precision reach of physics measurements in the top sector, and to study the systematic effects of the ATLAS detector on such measurements. This reports give an overview of the main activities of the ATLAS Top Physics Working Group in 2004.

Marcello Barisonzi

2005-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

164

Top Physics at CDF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the recent results of top-quark physics using up to 6 fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at a center of mass energy of {radical}s = 1.96 TeV analyzed by the CDF collaboration. Thanks to this large data sample, precision top quark measurements are now a reality at the Tevatron. Further, several new physics signals could appear in this large dataset. We will present the latest measurements of top quark intrinsic properties as well as direct searches for new physics in the top sector.

Moon, Chang-Seong

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

@Why Physics Comprehensive Physics Major.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@Why Physics Comprehensive Physics Major. From the basic laws of physics to the resulting emergent behavior, physics studies what the universe is made of and how it works. As a Physics major that surrounds us, to the structure and evolution of the entire universe. We offer three degrees in Physics

Yoo, S. J. Ben

166

6.728 Applied Quantum and Statistical Physics, Fall 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elementary quantum mechanics and statistical physics. Introduces applied quantum physics. Emphasizes experimental basis for quantum mechanics. Applies Schrodinger's equation to the free particle, tunneling, the harmonic ...

Bulovic, Vladimir, 1970-

167

Experimental Conclusions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

temperature and high pressure pyrolysis of biomass performed at industrially relevant heating rates. (2-Pressure Biomass Pyrolysis in an Entrained-Flow Reactor 1Gautami Newalkar, 2Kristiina Iisa, 1Carsten Sievers and 1) Objective Results Experimental Conclusions 1000°C 600°C 4s 30s A major advantage of Biomass

Das, Suman

168

Overview of large helical device diagnostics (invited)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Large Helical Device (LHD) is the largest helical machine with superconducting coils. Key diagnostics issues for LHD are: (a) capability for multidimensional measurements because of the nonaxisymmetric toroidal plasma; (b) measurements of the electric field; (c) cross check of fundamental parameters using different methods; (d) advanced measurements appropriate for steady-state operation; and (e) a satisfactory data acquisition system. The design and research and development of plasma diagnostics were carried out taking these issues into consideration. As a result the present status of diagnostics is described: diagnostics for LHD operation fundamental diagnostics for plasma performance diagnostics for physics subjects innovative diagnostics and diagnostics for long-pulse operation. The LHD experiment started in March 1998. Since then the development of diagnostics has kept pace with the experimental campaigns.

S. Sudo; Y. Nagayama; M. Emoto; M. Goto; Y. Hamada; K. Ida; T. Ido; H. Iguchi; M. Isobe; K. Kawahata; K. Khlopenkov; S. Masuzaki; T. Minami; S. Morita; S. Muto; H. Nakanishi; K. Narihara; A. Nishizawa; S. Ohdachi; M. Osakabe; T. Ozaki; B. J. Peterson; S. Sakakibara; M. Sasao; M. Shoji; K. Tanaka; K. Toi; T. Tokuzawa; K. Watanabe; T. Watanabe; I. Yamada; LHD Team; N. Ashikawa; T. Kobuchi; Y. Liang; N. Tamura; H. Sasao; A. Ejiri; S. Okajima; A. Mase; S. Tsuji-Iio; T. Akiyama; V. Zanza; G. Bracco; A. Sibio; B. Tilia; A. V. Krasilnikov; J. F. Lyon; L. N. Vyacheslavov; G. A. Wurden

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

New physics at the LHC.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the LHC up and running, the focus of experimental and theoretical high energy physics will soon turn to an interpretation of LHC data in terms of the physics of electroweak symmetry breaking and the TeV scale. We present here a broad review of models for new TeV-scale physics and their LHC signatures. In addition, we discuss possible new physics signatures and describe how they can be linked to specific models of physics beyond the Standard Model. Finally, we illustrate how the LHC era could culminate in a detailed understanding of the underlying principles of TeV-scale physics.

Morrissey, D. E.; Plehn, T.; Tait, T. M. P. (High Energy Physics); (TRIUMF); (Harvard Univ); (Univ. of Heidelberg); (Univ. of California at Irvine); (Northwestern Univ.)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

BS in PHYSICS (694821) MAP Sheet Department of Physics and Astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BS in PHYSICS (694821) MAP Sheet Department of Physics and Astronomy For students entering and 2 Arts Letters Scientific Principles & Reasoning Biological Science Physical Science Social Science of Physics 1 Phscs 123 Principles of Physics 2 Phscs 140 Electronics Lab Phscs 145 Experimental Methods

Hart, Gus

171

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 32300  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 32300 Quantum Mechanics for Engineers Designation: required for Physics majors in the Applied Physics Option Undergraduate Catalog description: Basic experiments, wave: Physics 20700 and 20800, Math 39100 and Math 39200 Textbook and other suggested material: Scherrer

Lombardi, John R.

172

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 42200  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 42200 Biophysics Designation: Undergraduate Catalog and membranes. In depth study of the physical basis of selected systems including vision, nerve transmission. Prerequisites: Prereq.: 1 yr. of Math, 1 yr. of Physics (elective for Physics Majors and Biomedical Engineering

Lombardi, John R.

173

Flavor Physics and CP Violation at LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flavor Physics at LHC will contribute significantly to the search for New Physics via precise and complementary measurements of CKM angles and the study of loop decays. Here we present the expected experimental sensitivity and physics performance of the LHC experiments that will to B-physics.

Andreas Schopper

2006-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

174

Workshop on atomic physics at the National Synchrotron Light Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The workshop emphasis was to acquaint the atomic physics community with the range of experimental capabilities of the NSLS. (GHT)

Jones, K.W.; Johnson, B.M.; Gregory, D.C. (eds.)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Research in High Energy Physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This final report details the work done from January 2010 until April 2013 in the area of experimental and theoretical high energy particle physics and cosmology at the University of California, Davis.

Conway, John S.

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

176

LANL | Physics | High Energy Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

high energy physics frontiers as defined by the Department of Energy's Office of High Energy Physics. Exploring the intensity frontier On the trail of one of the greatest...

177

Implicit Large Eddy Simulation  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Implicit Implicit Large Eddy Simulation (ILES) for High Reynolds Number Flows Len Margolin Applied Physics Division Los Alamos National Laboratory Collaborators: 1. Bill Rider (LANL) 2. Piotr Smolarkiewicz (NCAR) 3. Andrzej Wysogrodski (NCAR) 4. Fernando Grinstein (NRL) len@lanl.gov 1 Implicit Large Eddy Simulation Outline: * What is ILES? * What are its advantages? * Historical perspective * Why does it work? * Some examples len@lanl.gov 2 What is ILES ILES is the direct application of a fluid solver to a high Reynolds number fluid flow with no explicit turbulence model. · The truncation terms of the algorithm serve as an effective model of the effects of the unresolved scales. · Fluid solvers based on Nonoscillatory Finite Volume (NFV) approximations work effectively for ILES. · Fluid solvers based on pseudospectral methods, leapfrog methods, advective form methods, etc. do not work

178

Gravitation Physics at BGPL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report progress on a program of gravitational physics experiments using cryogenic torsion pendula undergoing large-amplitude torsion oscillation. This program includes tests of the gravitational inverse square law and of the weak equivalence principle. Here we describe our ongoing search for inverse-square-law violation at a strength down to $10^{-5}$ of standard gravity. The low-vibration environment provided by the Battelle Gravitation Physics Laboratory (BGPL) is uniquely suited to this study.

P. E. Boynton; R. M. Bonicalzi; A. M. Kalet; A. M. Kleczewski; J. K. Lingwood; K. J. McKenney; M. W. Moore; J. H. Steffen; E. C. Berg; W. D. Cross; R. D. Newman; R. E. Gephart

2006-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

179

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 35400  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 35400 Electricity and Magnetism II Designation potentials and radiation, special relativity. 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR. Prerequisites: Prereq.: Physics 35300; pre- or coreq.: Math 39200 (required for Physics majors, except those in the Biomedical Option). Textbook

Lombardi, John R.

180

Physics Division: Subatomic Physics Group  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Subatomic Physics Subatomic Physics Physics home » Subatomic Physics Site Home About Us Groups Applied Modern Physics, P-21 Neutron Science and Technology, P-23 Plasma Physics, P-24 Subatomic Physics, P-25 CONTACTS Group Leader Jon Kapustinsky (Acting) Deputy Group Leader Andy Saunders Office Administration Irene Martinez Miquela Sanchez Group Office (505) 667-6941 Physics Links Jobs in Physics Human Resources Working at Los Alamos Los Alamos resources Who we are, what we do We conduct basic research in nuclear and particle physics, applying this expertise to solve problems of national importance. By pushing the limits of our understanding of the smallest building blocks of matter through diverse experiments probing aspects of subatomic reactions, we aim to provide a more thorough understanding of the basic

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Planetary Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Planetary Physics Some of the most intriguing NIF experiments test the physics believed to determine the structures of planets down to their cores, both in our solar system and...

182

Research | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Overview Experimental Fusion Research Theoretical Fusion Research Basic Plasma Science Plasma Astrophysics Other Physics and Engineering Research PPPL Technical Reports Education Organization Contact Us Overview Experimental Fusion Research Theoretical Fusion Research Basic Plasma Science Plasma Astrophysics Other Physics and Engineering Research PPPL Technical Reports Research The U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory is dedicated to developing fusion as a clean and abundant source of energy and to advancing the frontiers of plasma science. The Laboratory pursues these goals through experiments and computer simulations of the behavior of plasma, the hot electrically charged gas that fuels fusion reactions and has a wide range of practical applications.

183

Electroweak Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Work on electroweak precision calculations and event generators for electroweak physics studies at current and future colliders is summarized.

W. Hollik

2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

184

Opportunities for Drell-Yan Physics at RHIC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Proceedings Information for Proceedings Information for Speakers Accommodations Directions to Event Local Weather Visiting Brookhaven Disclaimer Event Date May 11-13, 2011 Event Location Brookhaven National Laboratory Physics Building Bldg 510 Large Seminar Room Upton, NY 11973 USA Directions Event Coordinator Susan Foster Bus: 631-344-5864 Fax: 631-344-2562 Email: sfoster@bnl.gov Opportunities for Drell-Yan Physics at RHIC Motivation Drell-Yan (DY) physics gives the unique opportunity to study the parton structure of nucleons in an experimentally and theoretically clean way. With the availability of polarized proton collisions and d+Au collisions RHIC provides a unique opportunity world wide to address several fundamental questions in QCD, i.e. parton saturation, universality of transverse momentum distributions. A DY program at RHIC is tied closely to

185

Taking the 'Large' out of Large Hadron Collider: Computational Breakthrough  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Home » News & Publications » News » Science News » Taking the 'Large' out of Large Hadron Collider Taking the 'Large' out of Large Hadron Collider Computational breakthrough hastens modeling of 'tabletop accelerators' August 9, 2010 | Tags: Accelerator Science Contact: Margie Wylie | mwylie@lbl.gov | 510-486-7421 mori1 This 3D simulation shows how laser pulses create plasma wakes that propel electrons forward, much as a surfer is propelled forward by an ocean wave. Laser wakefield acceleration promises electron accelerators that are thousands of times more powerful than, yet a fraction the size of, conventional radio frequency devices. Particle accelerators like the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN are the big rock stars of high-energy physics-really big. The LHC cost nearly

186

Toward a constructive physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We argue that the discretization of physics which has occurred thanks to the advent of quantum mechanics has replaced the continuum standards of time, length and mass which brought physics to maturity by counting. The (arbitrary in the sense of conventional dimensional analysis) standards have been replaced by three dimensional constants: the limiting velocity c, the unit of action h, and either a reference mass (eg m/sub p/) or a coupling constant (eg G related to the mass scale by hc/(2..pi..Gm/sub p//sup 2/) approx. = 1.7 x 10/sup 38/). Once these physical and experimental reference standards are accepted, the conventional approach is to connect physics to mathematics by means of dimensionless ratios. But these standards now rest on counting rather than ratios, and allow us to think of a fourth dimensionless mathematical concept, which is counting integers. According to constructive mathematics, counting has to be understood before engaging in the practice of mathematics in order to avoid redundancy. In its strict form constructive mathematics allows no completed infinities, and must provide finite algorithms for the computation of any acceptable concept. This finite requirement in constructive mathematics is in keeping with the practice of physics when that practice is restricted to hypotheses which are testable in a finite time. In this paper we attempt to outline a program for physics which will meet these rigid criteria while preserving, in so far as possible, the successes that conventional physics has already achieved.

Noyes, H.P.; Gefwert, C.; Manthey, M.J.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Space Plasma Physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...W.D., BEAM-PLASMA DISCHARGE - BUILDUP...DURING ELECTRON BEAM-PLASMA INTERACTIONS, GEOPHYSICAL...ELECTRON-BEAM IN THE ATMOSPHERE, PLANETARY AND SPACE...1980 ). Space plasma physics: electron...regula' occurred at large pitch angles. Note...in quite different areas. (i) There is...

KLAUS WILHELM; WOLFGANG STDEMANN; WILLIBALD RIEDLER

1984-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

188

CSD: Research Programs: Chemical Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CSD: Research: Chemical Physics CSD: Research Programs: Chemical Physics CSD: Research: Chemical Physics CSD: Research Programs: Chemical Physics LBL Logo A-Z CSD Research Highlights CSD Directory Chemical Sciences Division A-Z Index Phone Book Search Berkeley Lab INTRODUCTION TO CSD NATIONAL FACILITIES & CENTERS RESEARCH PROGRAMS Atomic, Molecular & Optical Sciences Catalytic Science Chemical Physics The Glenn T. Seaborg Center (GTSC) STUDENT & POSTDOCTORAL OPPORTUNITIES NEWS & EVENTS CSD CONTACTS LBNL HOME Privacy & Security Notice DOE UC Berkeley CSD > Research Programs > Chemical Physics The Chemical Physics Program of the Chemical Science Division of LBNL is concerned with the development of both experimental and theoretical methodologies for studying molecular structure and dynamical processes at the most fundamental level, and with the application of these to specific

189

B Physics at LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three experiments, among the LHC project, are getting ready to explore the b quark flavour sector. While ATLAS and CMS are general purpose experiments, where the study of B mesons is going to proceed in parallel with the Higgs boson and supersymmetry searches, the LHCb experiment is devoted to B physics studies. The key parameters entering the physics analyses and the performances achieved in all the three experiments are presented. Given the large B physics program foreseen in the LHC experiments, the studies reported in this paper have been selected as those with higher likelihood to provide solid and interesting new results on Standard Model validation and New Physics processes search with early data.

A. Sarti

2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

190

Overview of Nuclear Physics at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) and associated experimental equipment at Jefferson Lab comprise a unique facility for experimental nuclear physics. This facility is presently being upgraded, which will enable a new experimental program with substantial discovery potential to address important topics in nuclear, hadronic, and electroweak physics. Further in the future, it is envisioned that the Laboratory will evolve into an electron-ion colliding beam facility.

McKeown, Robert D. [JLAB

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Physics Beyond the Standard Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I present a brief overview of some exciting possibilities for physics Beyond the Standard Model. I include short discussions of neutrino physics, the strong CP problem and axions, GUTs, large and warped extra dimensions, Little Higgs models and supersymmetry. The chances appear excellent that in the next few years-- as the LHC era gets underway-- data from a bevy of experiments will point the way to a new paradigm for the laws of physics as we know them.

Howard Baer

2009-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

192

Physics Fellow  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

as Institute of Physics Fellow January 18, 2011 LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, January 18, 2011-Alan Bishop, Los Alamos National Laboratory's associate director for theory, simulation,...

193

LANL | Physics | Active Interrogation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics Division activities in standoff active-interrogation for detecting Physics Division activities in standoff active-interrogation for detecting terrorist nuclear devices, 2011 Detonation of a terrorist nuclear device in a major city would have severe economic, psychological and cultural consequences. To help prevent the fulfillment of such a threat, Physics Division has been exploring techniques by which highly-enriched uranium could be detected before reaching its intended target. We have focused on the use of high-energy protons and negative-muons because of their ability to probe deeply into structures and shielding that would surround the uranium, and their capability to stimulate radiation signatures indicating 235U. Our experimental studies for standoff active-interrogation are enabled by the 800-MeV proton beam at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center, which

194

Basic Physics of Tokamak Transport Final Technical Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this grant has been to study the basic physics of various sources of anomalous transport in tokamaks. Anomalous transport in tokamaks continues to be one of the major problems in magnetic fusion research. As a tokamak is not a physics device by design, direct experimental observation and identification of the instabilities responsible for transport, as well as physics studies of the transport in tokamaks, have been difficult and of limited value. It is noted that direct experimental observation, identification and physics study of microinstabilities including ITG, ETG, and trapped electron/ion modes in tokamaks has been very difficult and nearly impossible. The primary reasons are co-existence of many instabilities, their broadband fluctuation spectra, lack of flexibility for parameter scans and absence of good local diagnostics. This has motivated us to study the suspected tokamak instabilities and their transport consequences in a simpler, steady state Columbia Linear Machine (CLM) with collisionless plasma and the flexibility of wide parameter variations. Earlier work as part of this grant was focused on both ITG turbulence, widely believed to be a primary source of ion thermal transport in tokamaks, and the effects of isotope scaling on transport levels. Prior work from our research team has produced and definitively identified both the slab and toroidal branches of this instability and determined the physics criteria for their existence. All the experimentally observed linear physics corroborate well with theoretical predictions. However, one of the large areas of research dealt with turbulent transport results that indicate some significant differences between our experimental results and most theoretical predictions. Latter years of this proposal were focused on anomalous electron transport with a special focus on ETG. There are several advanced tokamak scenarios with internal transport barriers (ITB), when the ion transport is reduced to neoclassical values by combined mechanisms of ExB and diamagnetic flow shear suppression of the ion temperature gradient (ITG) instabilities. However, even when the ion transport is strongly suppressed, the electron transport remains highly anomalous. The most plausible physics scenario for the anomalous electron transport is based on electron temperature gradient (ETG) instabilities. This instability is an electron analog of and nearly isomorphic to the ITG instability, which we had studied before extensively. However, this isomorphism is broken nonlinearily. It is noted that as the typical ETG mode growth rates are larger (in contrast to ITG modes) than ExB shearing rates in usual tokamaks, the flow shear suppression of ETG modes is highly unlikely. This motivated a broader range of investigations of other physics scenarios of nonlinear saturation and transport scaling of ETG modes.

Sen, Amiya K.

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

195

Mechanical Engineering Division Head | Princeton Plasma Physics...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

design and analysis of large, complex state-of-the-art electromagnetic and mechanical systems used for experimental magnetic fusion research. The Mechanical Engineering...

196

Simplified Models for LHC New Physics Searches  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This document proposes a collection of simplified models relevant to the design of new-physics searches at the LHC and the characterization of their results. Both ATLAS and CMS have already presented some results in terms of simplified models, and we encourage them to continue and expand this effort, which supplements both signature-based results and benchmark model interpretations. A simplified model is defined by an effective Lagrangian describing the interactions of a small number of new particles. Simplified models can equally well be described by a small number of masses and cross-sections. These parameters are directly related to collider physics observables, making simplified models a particularly effective framework for evaluating searches and a useful starting point for characterizing positive signals of new physics. This document serves as an official summary of the results from the "Topologies for Early LHC Searches" workshop, held at SLAC in September of 2010, the purpose of which was to develop a set of representative models that can be used to cover all relevant phase space in experimental searches. Particular emphasis is placed on searches relevant for the first ~50-500 pb-1 of data and those motivated by supersymmetric models. This note largely summarizes material posted at http://lhcnewphysics.org/, which includes simplified model definitions, Monte Carlo material, and supporting contacts within the theory community. We also comment on future developments that may be useful as more data is gathered and analyzed by the experiments.

Daniele Alves; Nima Arkani-Hamed; Sanjay Arora; Yang Bai; Matthew Baumgart; Joshua Berger; Matthew Buckley; Bart Butler; Spencer Chang; Hsin-Chia Cheng; Clifford Cheung; R. Sekhar Chivukula; Won Sang Cho; Randy Cotta; Mariarosaria D'Alfonso; Sonia El Hedri; Rouven Essig; Jared A. Evans; Liam Fitzpatrick; Patrick Fox; Roberto Franceschini; Ayres Freitas; James S. Gainer; Yuri Gershtein; Richard Gray; Thomas Gregoire; Ben Gripaios; Jack Gunion; Tao Han; Andy Haas; Per Hansson; JoAnne Hewett; Dmitry Hits; Jay Hubisz; Eder Izaguirre; Jared Kaplan; Emanuel Katz; Can Kilic; Hyung-Do Kim; Ryuichiro Kitano; Sue Ann Koay; Pyungwon Ko; David Krohn; Eric Kuflik; Ian Lewis; Mariangela Lisanti; Tao Liu; Zhen Liu; Ran Lu; Markus Luty; Patrick Meade; David Morrissey; Stephen Mrenna; Mihoko Nojiri; Takemichi Okui; Sanjay Padhi; Michele Papucci; Michael Park; Myeonghun Park; Maxim Perelstein; Michael Peskin; Daniel Phalen; Keith Rehermann; Vikram Rentala; Tuhin Roy; Joshua T. Ruderman; Veronica Sanz; Martin Schmaltz; Stephen Schnetzer; Philip Schuster; Pedro Schwaller; Matthew D. Schwartz; Ariel Schwartzman; Jing Shao; Jessie Shelton; David Shih; Jing Shu; Daniel Silverstein; Elizabeth Simmons; Sunil Somalwar; Michael Spannowsky; Christian Spethmann; Matthew Strassler; Shufang Su; Tim Tait; Brooks Thomas; Scott Thomas; Natalia Toro; Tomer Volansky; Jay Wacker; Wolfgang Waltenberger; Itay Yavin; Felix Yu; Yue Zhao; Kathryn Zurek

2011-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

197

Patricia Burchat Department of Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Investigations of Dark Matter and Dark Energy: An Example 23 #12;Large Synoptic Survey Telescope 24 #12;Large Synoptic Survey Telescope 25 #12;Dark Energy 70% Dark Matter 26% Ordinary Matter 4% Dark Matter, DarkPatricia Burchat Department of Physics Stanford University Dark Matter, Dark Energy: Mysteries

Osheroff, Douglas D.

198

Running Large Scale Jobs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Running Large Scale Jobs Running Large Scale Jobs Users face various challenges with running and scaling large scale jobs on peta-scale production systems. For example, certain...

199

Progress in the physics of massive neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The current status of the physics of massive neutrinos is reviewed with a forward-looking emphasis. The article begins with the general phenomenology of neutrino oscillations in vacuum and matter and documents the experimental evidence for oscillations of solar, reactor, atmospheric and accelerator neutrinos. Both active and sterile oscillation possibilities are considered. The impact of cosmology (BBN, CMB, leptogenesis) and astrophysics (supernovae, highest energy cosmic rays) on neutrino observables and vice versa, is evaluated. The predictions of grand unified, radiative and other models of neutrino mass are discussed. Ways of determining the unknown parameters of three-neutrino oscillations are assessed, taking into account eight-fold degeneracies in parameters that yield the same oscillation probabilities, as well as ways to determine the absolute neutrino mass scale (from beta-decay, neutrinoless double-beta decay, large scale structure and Z-bursts). Critical unknowns at present are the amplitude of \

V. Barger; D. Marfatia; K. Whisnant

2003-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

200

E-Print Network 3.0 - astroparticle physics applications Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: in Experimental Particle and Astroparticle Physics at RWTH Aachen University, Germany RWTH Aachen University... projects in experimental particle and astroparticle...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

EMSL - physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

physics en 15N2 formation and fast oxygen isotope exchange during pulsed 15N18O exposure of MnOxCeO2. http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebpublications15n2-formation-and-fast-oxygen-i...

202

Flavor Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Flavor Physics and CP Violation Conference, Bled, 2007 1 The Search for e Oscillations at MiniBooNE H. A. Tanaka, for the MiniBooNE collaboration Department of...

203

Physical Scientist  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, providing more than 40 percent of total funding for this vital area of...

204

Physical Scientist  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A successful candidate in this position will serve as the Senior Headquarters (HQ) Physical Scientist for the Carbon Storage Program. The Carbon Storage Program focuses on the development of...

205

DNA Looping in Prokaryotes: Experimental and Theoretical Approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...experimentally. Theoretical physics suggests additional advantages...formalism of statistical physics. Vilar and Leibler...repressor. If the switching rate is very slow, as in...described by theoretical physics that has now found its...allow a cell to rapidly pass from a genetic state...

Axel Cournac; Jacqueline Plumbridge

2013-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

206

The Extreme Physics Explorer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some tests of fundamental physics - the equation of state at supra-nuclear densities, the metric in strong gravity, the effect of magnetic fields above the quantum critical value - can only be measured using compact astrophysical objects: neutron stars and black holes. The Extreme Physics Explorer is a modest sized (~500 kg) mission that would carry a high resolution (R ~300) X-ray spectrometer and a sensitive X-ray polarimeter, both with high time resolution (~5 ?s) capability, at the focus of a large area (~5 sq.m), low resolution (HPD~1 arcmin) X-ray mirror. This instrumentation would enable new classes of tests of fundamental physics using neutron stars and black holes as cosmic laboratories.

Martin Elvis

2006-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

207

Physics Based on Physical Monism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on a physical monism, which holds that the matter and space are classified by not a difference of their kind but a difference of magnitude of their density, I derive the most fundamental equation of motion, which is capable of providing a deeper physical understanding than the known physics. For example, this equation answers to the substantive reason of movement, and Newton's second law, which has been regarded as the definition of force, is derived in a substantive level from this equation. Further, the relativistic energy-mass formula is generalized to include the potential energy term, and the Lorentz force and Maxwell equations are newly derived.

Seong-Dong Kim

2005-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

208

High Energy Physics: Report of research accomplishments and future goals, FY 1983  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Continuing research in high energy physics carried out by the group from the California Institute of Technology. The program includes research in theory, phenomenology, and experimental high energy physics. The experimental program includes experiments at SLAC, FERMILAB, and DESY.

Barish, B C

1983-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

209

Experimental Datasets - Optimization Online  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mar 29, 2005 ... Content r Problem r Experimental Datasets s File Format ... is done at the level of the master function (the Gibbs energy) yet experimentally.

2005-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

210

ATLAS Forward Detectors and Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this communication I describe the ATLAS forward physics program and the detectors, LUCID, ZDC and ALFA that have been designed to meet this experimental challenge. In addition to their primary role in the determination of ATLAS luminosity these detectors - in conjunction with the main ATLAS detector - will be used to study soft QCD and diffractive physics in the initial low luminosity phase of ATLAS running. Finally, I will briefly describe the ATLAS Forward Proton (AFP) project that currently represents the future of the ATLAS forward physics program.

N. Soni

2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

211

An active learning approach to the physics of medical imaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes an experimentally oriented medical imaging course where the students record, process and analyse 3D data of an unknown piece of formalin fixed porcine tissue hidden in agar in order to estimate the tissue types present in a selected 2D slice. The recorded planar X-ray, CT, MRI, ultrasound and SPECT images show the tissue in very different ways. The students can only estimate the tissue type by studying the physical principles of the imaging modalities. The true answer is later revealed by anatomical photographs obtained from physical slicing. The paper describes the phantoms and methods used in the course. Sample images recorded with the different imaging modalities are provided. Challenges faced by the students are outlined. Results of the course show high increase in competencies as judged from graded reports, low course drop-out rate, high pass-rate at the exam, high student participation and large student satisfaction.

Jens E. Wilhjelm; Michael Johannes Pihl; Markus Nowak Lonsdale; Mikael Jensen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Department of Physics and Astronomy Handbook for Postgraduate Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Physics and Astronomy Handbook for Postgraduate Students 2007/08 #12;Contents 1 Matter Physics 9 4.4 PHY6040 - Experimental and Theoretical Foundations of Particle Physics 10 4.5 PHY6050 - Research Skills for Particle Physics 10 4.6 PHY6060 - Astronomical Background for Graduate

Crowther, Paul

213

REVIEW OF PARTICLE PHYSICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ONLINE PARTICLE PHYSICS INFORMATION 1.3. Particle Physics Information Platforms . . . . . . . . .14. Particle Physics Education and Outreach

Beringer, Juerg

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Review of Particle Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11. Particle Physics Education Sites . . . . . . . . .ONLINE PARTICLE PHYSICS INFORMATION 1.11. Particle Physics Education Sites . . . . . . . . . . 12.

Nakamura, Kenzo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Cost estimate of initial SSC experimental equipment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cost of the initial detector complement at recently constructed colliding beam facilities (or at those under construction) has been a significant fraction of the cost of the accelerator complex. Because of the complexity of large modern-day detectors, the time-scale for their design and construction is comparable to the time-scale needed for accelerator design and construction. For these reasons it is appropriate to estimate the cost of the anticipated detector complement in parallel with the cost estimates of the collider itself. The fundamental difficulty with this procedure is that, whereas a firm conceptual design of the collider does exist, comparable information is unavailable for the detectors. Traditionally, these have been built by the high energy physics user community according to their perception of the key scientific problems that need to be addressed. The role of the accelerator laboratory in that process has involved technical and managerial coordination and the allocation of running time and local facilities among the proposed experiments. It seems proper that the basic spirit of experimentation reflecting the scientific judgment of the community should be preserved at the SSC. Furthermore, the formal process of initiation of detector proposals can only start once the SSC has been approved as a construction project and a formal laboratory administration put in place. Thus an ad hoc mechanism had to be created to estimate the range of potential detector needs, potential detector costs, and associated computing equipment.

NONE

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Physics PhD Mentors at CCNY, 2014 (Please also see faculty and staff profiles on the Physics website)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics PhD Mentors at CCNY, 2014 (Please also see faculty and staff profiles on the Physics molecular biological physics; electron and proton transfer reactions; solar energy Koder, Ronald koder@sci.ccny.c uny.edu http://web.sci.ccny.cuny.edu/~koder/koder.ht ml experimental biological physics; de novo #12

Lombardi, John R.

217

PPPL Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PPPL Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory PROCEDURE GEN-034 Rev 0 page 1 of 4 Effective Date: Dec. 20, 2012 Initiated by: Head, Technology Transfer, Patents & Publications Subject: Sharing PPPL or modified by PPPL staff for use on PPPL operating experiments, analyzing experimental data, engineering

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

218

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook Edition 1.4 2007/2008 Contents 1 Introduction 7 1.1 Physics at Lancaster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2 Organisation of Physics Teaching 15 2.1 Departmental Committees

Low, Robert

219

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook For 3rd & 4th Year Students on Old . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 1.2 Points of contact within the Physics Department . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2 Physics at Lancaster 18 2.1 Pastoral Care and Development

Low, Robert

220

Liquid Xenon Detectors for Particle Physics and Astrophysics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article reviews the progress made over the last 20 years in the development and applications of liquid xenon detectors in particle physics, astrophysics and medical imaging experiments. We begin with a summary of the fundamental properties of liquid xenon as radiation detection medium, in light of the most current theoretical and experimental information. After a brief introduction of the different type of liquid xenon detectors, we continue with a review of past, current and future experiments using liquid xenon to search for rare processes and to image radiation in space and in medicine. We will introduce each application with a brief survey of the underlying scientific motivation and experimental requirements, before reviewing the basic characteristics and expected performance of each experiment. Within this decade it appears likely that large volume liquid xenon detectors operated in different modes will contribute to answering some of the most fundamental questions in particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology, fulfilling the most demanding detection challenges. From experiments like MEG, currently the largest liquid xenon scintillation detector in operation, dedicated to the rare mu -> e + gamma decay, to the future XMASS which also exploits only liquid xenon scintillation to address an ambitious program of rare event searches, to the class of time projection chambers like XENON and EXO which exploit both scintillation and ionization of liquid xenon for dark matter and neutrinoless double beta decay, respectively, we anticipate unrivaled performance and important contributions to physics in the next few years.

E. Aprile; T. Doke

2009-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Physical Protection  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Manual establishes requirements for the physical protection of interests under the U.S. Department of Energys (DOEs) purview ranging from facilities, buildings, Government property, and employees to national security interests such as classified information, special nuclear material (SNM), and nuclear weapons. Cancels Section A of DOE M 470.4-2 Chg 1. Canceled by DOE O 473.3.

2009-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

222

Physics Handbook  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... mechanics, acoustics, optics, heat, electricity, magnetism and electro-magnetism, atomic and nuclear physics, and strength of materials, 120 to 128. Decimal numbers denote the sections and ... they should be recommended to use it with care and only in conjunction with other handbooks and encyclopaedias. The trouble is that too much has been attempted-a dictionary, ...

S. WEINTROUB

1968-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

223

Instructors Support of Student Autonomy in an Introductory Physics Course  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The role of autonomy in the student experience in a large-enrollment undergraduate introductory physics course was studied from a self-determination theory perspective. A correlational study investigated whether certain aspects of the student experience correlated with how autonomy supportive (versus controlling) students perceived their instructors to be. An autonomy-supportive instructor acknowledges students perspectives and feelings and provides students with information and opportunities for choice while minimizing external pressures (e.g., incentives or deadlines). It was found that the degree to which students perceived their instructors as autonomy supportive was positively correlated with student interest and enjoyment in learning physics (?=0.31***) and negatively correlated with student anxiety about taking physics (?=?0.23**). It was also positively correlated with how autonomous (versus controlled) students reasons for studying physics became over the duration of the course (i.e., studying physics more because they wanted to versus had to; ?=0.24***). This change in autonomous reasons for studying physics was in turn positively correlated with student performance in the course (?=0.17*). Additionally, the degree to which students perceived their instructors as autonomy supportive was directly correlated with performance for those students entering the course with relatively autonomous reasons for studying physics (?=0.25**). In summary, students who perceived their instructors as more autonomy supportive tended to have a more favorable motivational, affective, and performance experience in the course. The findings of the present study are consistent with experimental studies in other contexts that argue for autonomy-supportive instructor behaviors as the cause of a more favorable student experience.

Nicholas Hall and David Webb

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

224

Top quark physics at CDF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the recent results of top-quark physics using up to 6 fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions analyzed by the CDF collaboration. The large number of top quark events analyzed, of the order of several thousands, allows stringent checks of the standard model predictions. Also, the top quark is widely believed to be a window to new physics. We present the latest measurements of top quark intrinsic properties as well as direct searches for new physics in the top sector.

Potamianos, Karolos

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Experiments in Physics Physics 1291  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Laboratory The laboratory experiments described in this manual are an important part of your physics course-3 Velocity, Acceleration, and g 35 1-4 Projectile Motion and Conservation of Energy 45 1-5 Conservation. Whenever possible, the material will have been discussed in lecture before you come to the laboratory

Columbia University

226

Experiments in Physics Physics 1291  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Conservation of Energy 97 1-9 Standing Waves 105 1-10 Specific Heat and Mechanical Equivalent of Heat 115 #12;#12;Introduction 1-0 General Instructions 1 Purpose of the Laboratory The laboratory experiments described in this manual are an important part of your physics course. Most of the experiments are designed to illustrate

Columbia University

227

Experiments in Physics Physics 1291  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The laboratory experiments described in this manual are an important part of your physics course. Most-8 Projectile Motion and Conservation of Energy 97 1-9 Standing Waves 105 1-10 Specific Heat and Mechanical Equivalent of Heat 115 #12;#12;Introduction 1-0 General Instructions 1 Purpose of the Laboratory

Columbia University

228

Of Physics & Astronomy. MEDICAL PHYSICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Department of Cardiovascular Science: Academic contact: Dr John Fenner, O-floor, Room OU142 (Hallamshire of the University, and 0114 2713687 from outside, email j.w.fenner@sheffield.ac.uk Medical Physics office contact JWF - Dr John Fenner, Undergrad course director, RHH, O floor, OU142, Tel x 13687, j.w.fenner

Crowther, Paul

229

Review of Top Quark Physics Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the heaviest known fundamental particle, the top quark has taken a central role in the study of fundamental interactions. Production of top quarks in pairs provides an important probe of strong interactions. The top quark mass is a key fundamental parameter which places a valuable constraint on the Higgs boson mass and electroweak symmetry breaking. Observations of the relative rates and kinematics of top quark final states constrain potential new physics. In many cases, the tests available with study of the top quark are both critical and unique. Large increases in data samples from the Fermilab Tevatron have been coupled with major improvements in experimental techniques to produce many new precision measurements of the top quark. The first direct evidence for electroweak production of top quarks has been obtained, with a resulting direct determination of V{sub tb}. Several of the properties of the top quark have been measured. Progress has also been made in obtaining improved limits on potential anomalous production and decay mechanisms. This review presents an overview of recent theoretical and experimental developments in this field. We also provide a brief discussion of the implications for further efforts.

Kehoe, R.; Narain, M.; Kumar, A.; ,

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Gaseous Sulfate Solubility in Glass: Experimental Method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sulfate solubility in glass is a key parameter in many commercial glasses and nuclear waste glasses. This report summarizes key publications specific to sulfate solubility experimental methods and the underlying physical chemistry calculations. The published methods and experimental data are used to verify the calculations in this report and are expanded to a range of current technical interest. The calculations and experimental methods described in this report will guide several experiments on sulfate solubility and saturation for the Hanford Waste Treatment Plant Enhanced Waste Glass Models effort. There are several tables of sulfate gas equilibrium values at high temperature to guide experimental gas mixing and to achieve desired SO3 levels. This report also describes the necessary equipment and best practices to perform sulfate saturation experiments for molten glasses. Results and findings will be published when experimental work is finished and this report is validated from the data obtained.

Bliss, Mary

2013-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

231

New Physics Search in the LHCb Era  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors present theoretical and experimental preparations for an indirect search for new physics (NP) using the rare decay {bar B}{sub d} {yields} {bar K}*{sup 0}{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}. They design new observables with very small theoretical uncertainties and good experimental resolution.

Hurth, Tobias; /CERN /SLAC; ,

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

232

PHYSICS DIVISION ESH BULLETIN 2005-06  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conducted by the operations staff. Maintenance is work done by the crafts. Work done by Users is considered, and Guests were allowed to conduct hands-on experimental work under the direct supervision of a trained: Work in the Physics Division is broadly categorized as operations, maintenance, and experimental work

233

Physics Folklore  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics Folklore Physics Folklore By Lynne Zielinski       Sometime after World War II physicists began to change their way of giving names to theoretical ideas. Before then, new ideas were given titles such as "special relativity theory" or "neutrons." A precursor of the new kinds of names came in 1953 when Murray Gell-Mann and Kazuhiko Hishijima decided to name one of the properties of subatomic particles "strangeness." Gell-Mann accelerated the trend in 1961 by calling his group-theoretic way of explaining the properties of particles "The Eightfold Way." Gell-Mann's crazy names finally reached the consciousness of the general public in 1964 when he described the particles involved in the next stage of his thinking as "quarks." p. 508, source B

234

Physical Protection  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Establishes requirements for the physical protection of safeguards and security interests. Copies of Section B, Safeguards and Security Alarm Management System, which contains Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information, and Appendix 1, Security Badge Specifications, which contains Official Use Only information, are only available, by request, from the program manager, Protection Program Operations, 301-903-6209. Cancels: DOE M 473.1-1 and DOE M 471.2-1B.

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

235

Physical Protection  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Manual establishes requirements for the physical protection of safeguards and security interests. Copies of Section B, Safeguards and Security Alarm Management System, which contains Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information, and Appendix 1, Security Badge Specifications, which contains Official Use Only information, are only available, by request, from the program manager, Protection Program Operations, 301-903-6209. Chg 1, dated 3/7/06. Cancels: DOE M 473.1-1 and DOE M 471.2-1B

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

236

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerator physics theory Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

physics and astrophysics. It is now known that particle acceleration can occur... the small-scale acceleration physics can be incorpo- rated into the large-scale coronal...

237

Experimental Uncertainties (Errors) Sources of Experimental Uncertainties (Experimental Errors)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the preparation of the lab report. A calculator should 1. Bevington, P. R., Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1969. 2. Taylor, J. R., An introduction to uncertainty analysis in the lab. In this laboratory, we keep to a very simple form of error analysis, our purpose being more

Mukasyan, Alexander

238

RELATIVISTIC HEAVY-ION PHYSICS WITHOUT NUCLEAR CONTACT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELATIVISTIC HEAVY-ION PHYSICS WITHOUT NUCLEAR CONTACT The large electromagnetic field generated physics research--for example, for investigating nuclear structure, hadronic structure, atomic physics Berkeley Laboratory--it became clear that heavy-ion physics without nuclear contact could be very useful

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

239

Brookhaven Condensed Matter Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Condensed Matter Physics Condensed Matter Physics Condensed matter physicists study the properties of bulk matter-solids and liquids-as well as the properties exhibited at surfaces and interfaces, with a view to obtaining a fundamental understanding of the unusual properties that materials can exhibit. These problems are some of the most challenging in physics today, but have the huge pay-off in that such an understanding may ultimately lead to improved materials for use in applications as diverse as computing, memory storage, electric motors, and energy storage and transport. At Brookhaven Lab, this work includes both experimental and theoretical studies. Much of the experimental work carried out today uses the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS, shown at right)-one of the premiere synchrotron light sources of the last two decades. Commissioned in the 1980s, the NSLS is host to more than 2,200 users per year and produces copious amounts of light, from the infrared to the ultraviolet to the x-ray. By using this light as a probe, scientists can learn about the arrangement of the atoms and electrons in the materials and how they behave under various conditions. Among other projects, BNL scientists have played leading roles in the development and application of resonant and inelastic x-ray scattering techniques to the study of magnetic and other materials, have pioneered the use of photoemission techniques (based on the photoelectric effect that Einstein first understood 100 years ago) for looking at electronic and magnetic materials, and have carried out some of the seminal experiments to understand the atomic and magnetic structure at surfaces.

240

Physics and Astronomy Engineering/Physics Concentration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics and Astronomy Engineering/Physics Concentration Strongly recommended courses Credits Term Electromagnetic Fields & Waves 3 PHY 3230 Thermal Physics 3 PHY 4020 Computational Methods in Physics.) taken Grade PHY 4620 Optics 4 PHY 3211 Modern Physics II 3 PHY 4730 Analog Circuits 3 PHY 4640 Quantum

Thaxton, Christopher S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Physics and Astronomy Radiation Safety Physics Concentration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics and Astronomy Radiation Safety Physics Concentration Strongly recommended courses Credits Environucleonics Lab 1 PHY 3211 Modern Physics II 3 PHY 3230 Thermal Physics 3 PHY 4330 Digital Electronics 3 PHY 4820 Medical Physics 3 CHE 1101 Intro. Chemistry I 3 CHE 1110 Intro. Chemistry I Lab 1 CHE 1102 Intro

Thaxton, Christopher S.

242

PHYSICS OF BURNING PHYSICS INACCESSIBLE TO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICS OF BURNING PLASMAS: PHYSICS INACCESSIBLE TO PRESENT FACILITIES FIRE Physics Workshop May 2000 F. Perkins and N. Sauthoff Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory FIRE Workshop 1 May 2000 #12;OUTLINE · Introduction · Three Classes of Burning Plasma Physics inaccessable to contemporary tokamak

243

Department of Physics Department of Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Physics Department of Physics Life Sciences Building 3101 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3480 www.iit.edu/csl/physics Chair: Grant Bunder The Department of Physics offers B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in physics. Within the department, there are many opportunities for interdisciplinary

Heller, Barbara

244

314 Department of Physics Department of Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

314 Department of Physics Department of Physics Physics, one of the basic sciences, has its origin led to the detailed understanding of a remarkable variety of physical phenomena. Our knowledge now comprehension of the physical world forms an impressive part of the intellectual and cultural heritage of our

Nagle, John F.

245

Physics (Phys) (Department of Physics and Engineering)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

229Physics Physics (Phys) (Department of Physics and Engineering) McCormick Foundation PROFESSORSILU INSTRUCTOR CUMMING VISITING PROFESSOR BOLLER MAJORS A major in physics leading to a Bachelor of Science degree requires completion of 50 credits including the following: 1. Physics 111, 112, 113, 114, 210, 215

Dresden, Gregory

246

Department of Physics Department of Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Physics Department of Physics Life Sciences Building 3101 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3480 www.iit.edu/csl/physics Chair: Christopher White The Department of Physics offers B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in physics. Within the department, there are many opportunities

Heller, Barbara

247

CDF Top Physics  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

The authors present the latest results about top physics obtained by the CDF experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The data sample used for these analysis (about 110 pb{sup{minus}1}) represents almost the entire statistics collected by CDF during four years (1992--95) of data taking. This large data size has allowed detailed studies of top production and decay properties. The results discussed here include the determination of the top quark mass, the measurement of the production cross section, the study of the kinematics of the top events and a look at top decays.

Tartarelli, G. F.; CDF Collaboration

1996-05-00T23:59:59.000Z

248

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

proceedings of High Performance Computing 2011 (HPC-2011)In recent years, high performance computing has becomeNERSC is the primary high-performance computing facility for

Gerber, Richard A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Type Ia supernovae, gamma-ray bursts, X-ray bursts and corerelativistic jet, making a gamma-ray burst, the luminositythose that lead to gamma-ray bursts. The current frontier is

Gerber, Richard A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Graph Rotation Systems for Physical Construction of Large Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), Form-Z, Rhinoceros 3D, Cadwork, 3ds Max and SketchUp. However, there are still a lot to do theoretically and practically. 9 II.2. Computer Graphics Applied to Architecture Computer Graphics techniques have been used in mostly virtual design...

Xing, Qing

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

251

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the process of thermonuclear incineration of theircore-collapse and thermonuclear events to test predictionsprocesses. In contrast to thermonuclear supernova modeling,

Gerber, Richard A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

second resulting from a thermonuclear explosion of materialresult from the thermonuclear burning of a carbon-oxygensensitive to how the thermonuclear runaway is ignited (

Gerber, Richard A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

research program in Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). This research addresses fundamental questions in high energy and nuclear

Gerber, Richard A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

neutrino matrix. Neutrinoless double beta decay experiments,process called neutrinoless double beta decay in nuclei,

Gerber, Richard A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Physics Applications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Applications Applications Technetium-99m radioisotope generator developed at Brookhaven. Numerous physics-related programs at Brookhaven have yielded major advances in medicine and various technologies. Brookhaven's nuclear medicine program, which began in the 1950s, uses the Brookhaven Linac Isotope Producer to make radioisotopes for nuclear medicine diagnostics and treatment throughout the world. Today, more than 85 percent of all imaging examinations worldwide use one of the radioisotopes developed at Brookhaven. At Brookhaven's Center for Translational Neuroimaging, researchers can peer into a living brain through the use of various imaging modalities, including positron emission tomography (PET), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and optical imaging. Such research has led to a new understanding of

256

Kaon physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At present, the main topics addressed by kaon physics are the unitarity test of CKM matrix via precision measurements of the Cabibbo angle as well as precision tests of discrete symmetries: in particular, study of possible CPT violations in a model-independent way through the Bell-Steinberger relation, or through the measurement of charge asymmetries. Other interesting topics are related to the test of predictions from chiral perturbation theory. Also status and prospects of the $K^\\pm \\to \\pi^\\pm\

B. Sciascia

2006-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

257

Two Cheers for Nuclear Physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of the way in which the UK has supported big science was given by Sir Harry Melville, the retired chairman of the Council for Scientific Policy, in the Appleton Memorial ... the Appleton Memorial Lecture to the Institution of Electrical Engineers. In nuclear physics, Sir Harry said, the home effort was certainly too large if the powerful international facilities to ...

1967-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

258

Physics Topics - MST - UW Plasma Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics Topics UW Madison Madison Symmetric Torus Physics Topics MST HomeGraduate Student InformationLinksTourControl and Auxiliary SystemsPhysics TopicsDeviceResearch MissionMST...

259

Particle Physics Booklet 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

212 25. Accelerator physics of colliders ? 26. High-energythe full Review. PARTICLE PHYSICS BOOKLET TABLE OF CONTENTSrev. ) Summary Tables of Particle Physics Gauge and Higgs

et al., C. Amsler

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Center for Beam Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Heavy Ion Fusion," Research Trends in Physics, La JollaInternational School of Physics, New York, New York (1992),Professor and Chairman Physics Department University of

Chattopadhyay, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Technology for large tandem mirror experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Construction of a large tandem mirror (MFTF-B) will soon begin at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Designed to reach break-even plasma conditions, the facility will significantly advance the physics and technology of magnetic-mirror-based fusion reactors. This paper describes the objectives and the design of the facility.

Thomassen, K.I.

1980-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

262

7, 1553315563, 2007 Large-scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Pacific, correlations with CO, CO2, CH4, and C2Cl4 were dif- fuse overall, but recognizable on flights out Chemistry and Physics Discussions Factors influencing the large-scale distribution of Hg in the Mexico City the Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment Phase B (INTEX-B) cam- paign in spring 2006. Flights were conducted

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

263

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced experimental analysis Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics - Develop advanced experimental techniques and new diagnostics to support... , simulation and analysis new experiments and simulation and ... Source: Los Alamos National...

264

Electroweak and Precision Physics: Experimental Review (less EDMs and PVES)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-II Low-energy arXiv:1207.6393v1 Post Higgs paper (others exist too) Low-energy #12;Chapter 1: Muons (well subpanel. Sept 7, 2012 #12;very Recent, Present and Future Projects Worldwide Muons Lifetime: Fermi: An example (of course, quite speculative and not implied as true) We often claim the low-energy observables

265

Physica Scripta An International Journal for Experimental and Theoretical Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are considered instead of graphite or Carbon Fiber Composites (CFCs) [6,7]. There exist some very good semi times, tritium co-deposition and recovery is so serious an issue that other plasma facing materials

Nordlund, Kai

266

Experimental and theoretical research in applied plasma physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses research in the following areas: fusion theory and computations; theory of thermonuclear plasmas; user service center; high poloidal beta studies on PBX-M; fast ECE fluctuation diagnostic for balloning mode studies; x-ray imaging diagnostic; millimeter/submillimeter-wave fusion ion diagnostics; small scale turbulence and nonlinear dynamics in plasmas; plasma turbulence and transport; phase contrast interferometer diagnostic for long wavelength fluctuations in DIII-D; and charged and neutral fusion production for fusio plasmas.

Porkolab, M.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Searching for new physics at future accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I overview the status of the Electroweak Symmetry Breaking problem, paying special attention to the possible signals of new physics at the Large Hadron Collider (and at a Linear Collider)

Riccardo Barbieri

2004-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

268

Top quark physics at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The physics perspectives of the production and decay of single top quarks and top quark pairs at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) are reviewed from a phenomenological point of view.

Werner Bernreuther

2008-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

269

The International Large Detector: Letter of Intent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The International Large Detector (ILD) is a concept for a detector at the International Linear Collider, ILC. The ILC will collide electrons and positrons at energies of initially 500 GeV, upgradeable to 1 TeV. The ILC has an ambitious physics program, which will extend and complement that of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). A hallmark of physics at the ILC is precision. The clean initial state and the comparatively benign environment of a lepton collider are ideally suited to high precision measurements. To take full advantage of the physics potential of ILC places great demands on the detector performance. The design of ILD is driven by these requirements. Excellent calorimetry and tracking are combined to obtain the best possible overall event reconstruction, including the capability to reconstruct individual particles within jets for particle ow calorimetry. This requires excellent spatial resolution for all detector systems. A highly granular calorimeter system is combined with a central tracker which st...

Abe, Toshinori; Abramowicz, Halina; Adamus, Marek; Adeva, Bernardo; Afanaciev, Konstantin; Aguilar-Saavedra, Juan Antonio; Alabau Pons, Carmen; Albrecht, Hartwig; Andricek, Ladislav; Anduze, Marc; Aplin, Steve J.; Arai, Yasuo; Asano, Masaki; Attie, David; Attree, Derek J.; Burger, Jochen; Bailey, David; Balbuena, Juan Pablo; Ball, Markus; Ballin, James; Barbi, Mauricio; Barlow, Roger; Bartels, Christoph; Bartsch, Valeria; Bassignana, Daniela; Bates, Richard; Baudot, Jerome; Bechtle, Philip; Beck, Jeannine; Beckmann, Moritz; Bedjidian, Marc; Behnke, Ties; Belkadhi, Khaled; Bellerive, Alain; Bentvelsen, Stan; Bergauer, Thomas; Berggren, C.Mikael U.; Bergholz, Matthias; Bernreuther, Werner; Besancon, Marc; Besson, Auguste; Bhattacharya, Sudeb; Bhuyan, Bipul; Biebel, Otmar; Bilki, Burak; Blair, Grahame; Blumlein, Johannes; Bo, Li; Boisvert, Veronique; Bondar, A.; Bonvicini, Giovanni; Boos, Eduard; Boudry, Vincent; Bouquet, Bernard; Bouvier, Joel; Bozovic-Jelisavcic, Ivanka; Brient, Jean-Claude; Brock, Ian; Brogna, Andrea; Buchholz, Peter; Buesser, Karsten; Bulgheroni, Antonio; Butler, John; Buttar, Craig; Buzulutskov, A.F.; Caccia, Massimo; Caiazza, Stefano; Calcaterra, Alessandro; Caldwell, Allen; Callier, Stephane L.C.; Calvo Alamillo, Enrique; Campbell, Michael; Campbell, Alan J.; Cappellini, Chiara; Carloganu, Cristina; Castro, Nuno; Castro Carballo, Maria Elena; Chadeeva, Marina; Chakraborty, Dhiman; Chang, Paoti; Charpy, Alexandre; Chen, Xun; Chen, Shaomin; Chen, Hongfang; Cheon, Byunggu; Choi, Suyong; Choudhary, B.C.; Christen, Sandra; Ciborowski, Jacek; Ciobanu, Catalin; Claus, Gilles; Clerc, Catherine; Coca, Cornelia; Colas, Paul; Colijn, Auke; Colledani, Claude; Combaret, Christophe; Cornat, Remi; Cornebise, Patrick; Corriveau, Francois; Cvach, Jaroslav; Czakon, Michal; D'Ascenzo, Nicola; Da Silva, Wilfrid; Dadoun, Olivier; Dam, Mogens; Damerell, Chris; Danilov, Mikhail; Daniluk, Witold; Daubard, Guillaume; David, Dorte; David, Jacques; De Boer, Wim; De Groot, Nicolo; De Jong, Sijbrand; De Jong, Paul; De La Taille, Christophe; De Masi, Rita; De Roeck, Albert; Decotigny, David; Dehmelt, Klaus; Delagnes, Eric; Deng, Zhi; Desch, Klaus; Dieguez, Angel; Diener, Ralf; Dima, Mihai-Octavian; Dissertori, Gunther; Dixit, Madhu S.; Dolezal, Zdenek; Dolgoshein, Boris A.; Dollan, Ralph; Dorokhov, Andrei; Doublet, Philippe; Doyle, Tony; Doziere, Guy; Dragicevic, Marko; Drasal, Zbynek; Drugakov, Vladimir; Duarte Campderros, Jordi; Dulucq, Frederic; Dumitru, Laurentiu Alexandru; Dzahini, Daniel; Eberl, Helmut; Eckerlin, Guenter; Ehrenfeld, Wolfgang; Eigen, Gerald; Eklund, Lars; Elsen, Eckhard; Elsener, Konrad; Emeliantchik, Igor; Engels, Jan; Evrard, Christophe; Fabbri, Riccardo; Faber, Gerard; Faucci Giannelli, Michele; Faus-Golfe, Angeles; Feege, Nils; Feng, Cunfeng; Ferencei, Jozef; Fernandez Garcia, Marcos; Filthaut, Frank; Fleck, Ivor; Fleischer, Manfred; Fleta, Celeste; Fleury, Julien L.; Fontaine, Jean-Charles; Foster, Brian; Fourches, Nicolas; Fouz, Mary-Cruz; Frank, Sebastian; Frey, Ariane; Frotin, Mickael; Fujii, Hirofumi; Fujii, Keisuke; Fujimoto, Junpei; Fujita, Yowichi; Fusayasu, Takahiro; Fuster, Juan; Gaddi, Andrea; Gaede, Frank; Galkin, Alexei; Galkin, Valery; Gallas, Abraham; Gallin-Martel, Laurent; Gamba, Diego; Gao, Yuanning; Garrido Beltran, Lluis; Garutti, Erika; Gastaldi, Franck; Gaur, Bakul; Gay, Pascal; Gellrich, Andreas; Genat, Jean-Francois; Gentile, Simonetta; Gerwig, Hubert; Gibbons, Lawrence; Ginina, Elena; Giraud, Julien; Giraudo, Giuseppe; Gladilin, Leonid; Goldstein, Joel; Gonzalez Sanchez, Francisco Javier; Gournaris, Filimon; Greenshaw, Tim; Greenwood, Z.D.; Grefe, Christian; Gregor, Ingrid-Maria; Grenier, Gerald Jean; Gris, Philippe; Grondin, Denis; Grunewald, Martin; Grzelak, Grzegorz; Gurtu, Atul; Haas, Tobias; Haensel, Stephan; Hajdu, Csaba; Hallermann, Lea; Han, Liang; Hansen, Peter H.; Hara, Takanori; Harder, Kristian; Hartin, Anthony; Haruyama, Tomiyoshi; Harz, Martin; Hasegawa, Yoji; Hauschild, Michael; He, Qing; Hedberg, Vincent; Hedin, David; Heinze, Isa; Helebrant, Christian; Henschel, Hans; Hensel, Carsten; Hertenberger, Ralf; Herve, Alain; Higuchi, Takeo; Himmi, Abdelkader; Hironori, Kazurayama; Hlucha, Hana; Hommels, Bart; Horii, Yasuyuki; Horvath, Dezso; Hostachy, Jean-Yves; Hou, Wei-Shu; Hu-Guo, Christine; Huang, Xingtao; Huppert, Jean Francois; Ide, Yasuhiro; Idzik, Marek; Iglesias Escudero, Carmen; Ignatenko, Alexandr; Igonkina, Olga; Ikeda, Hirokazu; Ikematsu, Katsumasa; Ikemoto, Yukiko; Ikuno, Toshinori; Imbault, Didier; Imhof, Andreas; Imhoff, Marc; Ingbir, Ronen; Inoue, Eiji

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Vacuum gaps with small tunnel currents at large electric field and its  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Vacuum gaps with small tunnel currents at large electric field and its Vacuum gaps with small tunnel currents at large electric field and its potential applications for energy storage, charge storage and power supplies. Friday, May 27, 2011 - 4:00pm SSRL Conference Room 137-226 Alfred Hubler, Department of Physics, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign We study tunnel currents and electric break down in vacuum gaps experimentally and theoretically. We find that electric field at break down in nano vacuum gaps is 3 order of magnitude larger than in macroscopic capacitors. Pointed electrodes increase the limiting field even further. Eigen states in the gap can help to reduce tunnel currents. We discuss applications of this technology for energy storage, charge storage, and power supplies. Speaker Bio: Professor Alfred Hubler is the director of the Center for

271

The physics role of ITER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental research on the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) will go far beyond what is possible on present-day tokamaks to address new and challenging issues in the physics of reactor-like plasmas. First and foremost, experiments in ITER will explore the physics issues of burning plasmas--plasmas that are dominantly self-heated by alpha-particles created by the fusion reactions themselves. Such issues will include (i) new plasma-physical effects introduced by the presence within the plasma of an intense population of energetic alpha particles; (ii) the physics of magnetic confinement for a burning plasma, which will involve a complex interplay of transport, stability and an internal self-generated heat source; and (iii) the physics of very-long-pulse/steady-state burning plasmas, in which much of the plasma current is also self-generated and which will require effective control of plasma purity and plasma-wall interactions. Achieving and sustaining burning plasma regimes in a tokamak necessarily requires plasmas that are larger than those in present experiments and have higher energy content and power flow, as well as much longer pulse length. Accordingly, the experimental program on ITER will embrace the study of issues of plasma physics and plasma-materials interactions that are specific to a reactor-scale fusion experiment. Such issues will include (i) confinement physics for a tokamak in which, for the first time, the core-plasma and the edge-plasma are simultaneously in a reactor-like regime; (ii) phenomena arising during plasma transients, including so-called disruptions, in regimes of high plasma current and thermal energy; and (iii) physics of a radiative divertor designed for handling high power flow for long pulses, including novel plasma and atomic-physics effects as well as materials science of surfaces subject to intense plasma interaction. Experiments on ITER will be conducted by researchers in control rooms situated at major fusion laboratories around the world, linked by high-speed computer networks--thus extending further what is already a much-acclaimed paradigm for international collaboration in science.

Rutherford, P.H.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Physics and Analysis at a Hadron Collider - Searching for New Physics (2/3)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

This is the second lecture of three which together discuss the physics of hadron colliders with an emphasis on experimental techniques used for data analysis. This second lecture discusses techniques important for analyses searching for new physics using the CDF B_s --> mu+ mu- search as a specific example. The lectures are aimed at graduate students.

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

273

UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The High Energy Physics Group at the University of Arizona has conducted forefront research in elementary particle physics. Our theorists have developed new ideas in lattice QCD, SUSY phenomenology, string theory phenomenology, extra spatial dimensions, dark matter, and neutrino astrophysics. The experimentalists produced significant physics results on the ATLAS experiment at CERN's Large Hadron Collider and on the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron. In addition, the experimentalists were leaders in detector development and construction, and on service roles in these experiments.

Rutherfoord, John P. [University of Arizona] [University of Arizona; Johns, Kenneth A. [University of Arizona] [University of Arizona; Shupe, Michael A. [University of Arizona] [University of Arizona; Cheu, Elliott C. [University of Arizona] [University of Arizona; Varnes, Erich W. [University of Arizona] [University of Arizona; Dienes, Keith [University of Arizona] [University of Arizona; Su, Shufang [University of Arizona] [University of Arizona; Toussaint, William Doug [University of Arizona] [University of Arizona; Sarcevic, Ina [University of Arizona] [University of Arizona

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

274

The Organised Science Series: (1) First Stage Physiograhy (Section I) Science Handbooks for Laboratory and Classroom: Elementary Physics (Third Year) Examples in Physics Advanced Examples in Physics Physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE stream of physics text-books continues to flow. The large number of institutions in which this subject ... name. It is a mystery why one part of chemistry added to two parts of physics should produce physiography,"but of course Dr. Stewart is not responsible for this. ...

1906-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

275

Experimental and Computational Studies of Electric Thruster Plasma Radiation Emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental and Computational Studies of Electric Thruster Plasma Radiation Emission Murat Celik Thruster Plasma Radiation Emission by Murat C¸elik B.S., Aerospace Engineering and Physics, University;Experimental and Computational Studies of Electric Thruster Plasma Radiation Emission by Murat C¸elik Submitted

276

Physics Illinois Undergraduate Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics Illinois Undergraduate Programs Department of Physics College of Engineering University to undergraduate education. Over the last 15 years, in collaboration with our nationally recognized Physics Education Research Group, our faculty has reinvented the way undergraduate physics courses are taught

Gilbert, Matthew

277

Physics 6321 Coastal oceanography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics 6321 Coastal oceanography · Instructor: Dr. Iakov Afanassiev · Office: Physics C-4065 · email: yakov@physics.mun.ca · Course Times: TBD Room TBD · Office Hours: unlimited · Web Page: http://www.physics

deYoung, Brad

278

Experimental Highlights - 2014  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NIF & Photon Science News Press Releases Experimental Highlights Efficiency Improvements Science & Technology Meetings and Workshops Papers and Presentations NIF&PS People In the...

279

Experimental Highlights - 2014  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

weapons as they age or are subjected to the immense pressures and temperatures of a thermonuclear explosion. By providing experimental data to compare to computer models of...

280

PARTICIPATION IN HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This grant funded experimental and theoretical activities in elementary particles physics at the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT). The experiments in which IIT faculty collaborated included the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment, the MINOS experiment, the Double Chooz experiment, and FNAL E871 - HyperCP experiment. Funds were used to support summer salary for faculty, salary for postdocs, and general support for graduate and undergraduate students. Funds were also used for travel expenses related to these projects and general supplies.

White, Christopher

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

High Energy Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Basic Energy Science Biological and Environmental Research Fusion Energy Sciences High Energy Physics Nuclear Physics Advanced Scientific Computing Research Pioneering...

282

People's Physics Book The People's Physics Book  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;People's Physics Book The People's Physics Book Authors James H. Dann, Ph.D. James J. Dann. All rights reserved. Textbook Website http://scipp.ucsc.edu/outreach/index2.html #12;People's Physics) "Each discovery, each advance, each increase in the sum of human riches, owes its being to the physical

California at Santa Cruz, University of

283

Physics Procedia 00 (2013) 16 Physics Procedia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics Procedia 00 (2013) 1­6 Physics Procedia Educating the next generation of Computational Physicists Joan Adler Physics Department, Technion -IIT, Haifa, Israel, 32000 Abstract Many "senior" Computational Physics researchers began their careers perched on of the other vertices of the Landau triangle

Adler, Joan

284

People's Physics Book The People's Physics Book  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

People's Physics Book The People's Physics Book Authors James H. Dann, Ph.D. James J. Dann. All rights reserved. Textbook Website http://scipp.ucsc.edu/outreach/index2.html #12;People's Physics) "Each discovery, each advance, each increase in the sum of human riches, owes its being to the physical

California at Santa Cruz, University of

285

Physics and Astronomy Chemical Physics Concentration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics and Astronomy Chemical Physics Concentration Strongly recommended courses Credits Term Dept Fields & Waves 3 PHY 3230 Thermal Physics 3 PHY 4640 Quantum Mechanics 3 PHY 4020 Computational Methods in Physics & Engineering 3 PHY 4330 Digital Electronics 3 CHE 1101 Intro. Chemistry I 3 CHE 1110 Intro

Thaxton, Christopher S.

286

Physics Procedia 00 (2013) 15 Physics Procedia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics Procedia 00 (2013) 1­5 Physics Procedia Educating the next generation of Computational Physicists Joan Adler Physics Department, Technion -IIT, Haifa, Israel, 32000 Abstract Many "senior" Computational Physics researchers began their careers perched on of the other vertices of the Landau triangle

Adler, Joan

287

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook For 4th Year Students only on Old Regulations Old Edition 1.1 2012/2013 1 #12;Contents 1 Introduction 6 1.1 Points of contact within the Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2 Physics at Lancaster 15 2.1 Pastoral Care and Development

Low, Robert

288

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook For 1st & 2nd Year Students on New . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 1.2 Points of contact within the Physics Department . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2 #12;2 Physics at Lancaster 26 2.1 Pastoral Care and Development

Low, Robert

289

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEPARTMENT of PHYSICS Physics Undergraduate Courses Handbook For 1st , 2nd & 3rd Year Students . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 1.2 Points of contact within the Physics Department . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2 #12;2 Physics at Lancaster 26 2.1 Pastoral Care and Development

Low, Robert

290

Argonne Physics Division - ATLAS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Safety Safety General Radiation Electrical Experiment Safety at ATLAS The Management and Staff at ATLAS and Argonne National Laboratory are fully dedicated to integrating safety into all aspects of work at our facilities. We believe that it is completely possible, and absolutely essenital, to carry out effective research programs without compromising safety. Indeed, the process of incorporating safety into accelerator operations and experimental research begins at the earliest stages. All experiments, equipment, and procedures are reviewed extensively for safety issues prior to their approval. For onsite emergencies, call 911 on the internal phones (or 252-1911 on cell phones) Safety Tom Mullen, Physics Division Safety Engineer. Please Note: If you have any comments or concerns regarding safety at

291

Physical Properties of Ionic Liquids  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physical Properties of Ionic Liquids Consisting of the Physical Properties of Ionic Liquids Consisting of the 1-Butyl-3-Methylimidazolium Cation with Various Anions and the Bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide Anion with Various Cations Hui Jin, Bernie O'Hare, Jing Dong, Sergei Arzhantsev, Gary A. Baker, James F. Wishart, Alan J. Benesi, and Mark Maroncelli J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 81-92 (2008). [Find paper at ACS Publications] Abstract: Physical properties of 4 room-temperature ionic liquids consisting of the 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium cation with various perfluorinated anions and the bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (Tf2N-) anion with 12 pyrrolidinium-, ammonium-, and hydroxyl-containing cations are reported. Electronic structure methods are used to calculate properties related to the size, shape, and dipole moment of individual ions. Experimental measurements of

292

Physics of the Charm Quark  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a brief summary about the development of the charm quark physics in the area of experimental physics. The summary is centered in what is done by mexican physicists, particularly in the E791 and the FOCUS Experiment at FERMILAB. FOCUS (or E831) was designed to detect states of matter combining one or more charm quarks with light quarks (strange, up, down). The experiment created 10 times as many such particles as in previous experiments and investigated several topics on charm physics including high precision studies of charm semileptonic decays, studies of hadronic charm decays (branching ratios and Daltiz analyses), lifetime measurements of all charm particles, searches for mixing, CP/CPT violation, rare and forbidden decays, spectroscopy of excited charm mesons and baryons, charm production asymmetry measurements, light quark diffractive studies, QCD studies using charm pair events and searches for and upper limits on: charm pentaquarks, double charm baryons, DSJ(2632)

Carrillo Moreno, Salvador [Universidad Iberoamericana (Mexico); Vazquez Valencia, Elsa Fabiola [CINVESTAV (Mexico); Universidad Iberoamericana (Mexico)

2006-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

293

Future Hadron Physics at Fermilab  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Today, hadron physics research occurs at Fermilab as parts of broader experimental programs. This is very likely to be the case in the future. Thus, much of this presentation focuses on our vision of that future - a future aimed at making Fermilab the host laboratory for the International Linear Collider (ILC). Given the uncertainties associated with the ILC - the level of needed R&D, the ILC costs, and the timing - Fermilab is also preparing for other program choices. I will describe these latter efforts, efforts focused on a Proton Driver to increase the numbers of protons available for experiments. As examples of the hadron physics which will be coming from Fermilab, I summarize three experiments: MIPP/E907 which is running currently, and MINER A and Drell-Yan/E906 which are scheduled for future running periods. Hadron physics coming from the Tevatron Collider program will be summarized by Arthur Maciel in another talk at Hadron05.

Jeffrey A. Appel

2005-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

294

EBTS:DESIGN AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental study of the BNL Electron Beam Test Stand (EBTS), which is a prototype of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) Electron Beam Ion Source (EBIS), is currently underway. The basic physics and engineering aspects of a high current EBIS implemented in EBTS are outlined and construction of its main systems is presented. Efficient transmission of a 10 A electron beam through the ion trap has been achieved. Experimental results on generation of multiply charged ions with both continuous gas and external ion injection confirm stable operation of the ion trap.

PIKIN,A.; ALESSI,J.; BEEBE,E.; KPONOU,A.; PRELEC,K.; KUZNETSOV,G.; TIUNOV,M.

2000-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

295

New Reactor Physics Benchmark Data in the March 2012 Edition of the IRPhEP Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation Project (IRPhEP) was established to preserve integral reactor physics experimental data, including separate or special effects data for nuclear energy and technology applications. Numerous experiments that have been performed worldwide, represent a large investment of infrastructure, expertise, and cost, and are valuable resources of data for present and future research. These valuable assets provide the basis for recording, development, and validation of methods. If the experimental data are lost, the high cost to repeat many of these measurements may be prohibitive. The purpose of the IRPhEP is to provide an extensively peer-reviewed set of reactor physics-related integral data that can be used by reactor designers and safety analysts to validate the analytical tools used to design next-generation reactors and establish the safety basis for operation of these reactors. Contributors from around the world collaborate in the evaluation and review of selected benchmark experiments for inclusion in the International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments (IRPhEP Handbook) [1]. Several new evaluations have been prepared for inclusion in the March 2012 edition of the IRPhEP Handbook.

John D. Bess; J. Blair Briggs; Jim Gulliford

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Experimental entanglement distillation of mesoscopic quantum states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTERS Experimental entanglement distillation of mesoscopic quantum states RUIFANG DONG1 , MIKAEL, entanglement distillation, a process of extracting a small set of highly entangled states from a large set of less entangled states, can be used4­14 . Here we report on the distillation of deterministically

Loss, Daniel

297

Proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration: a path to the future of high-energy particle physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New acceleration technology is mandatory for the future elucidation of fundamental particles and their interactions. A promising approach is to exploit the properties of plasmas. Past research has focused on creating large-amplitude plasma waves by injecting an intense laser pulse or an electron bunch into the plasma. However, the maximum energy gain of electrons accelerated in a single plasma stage is limited by the energy of the driver. Proton bunches are the most promising drivers of wakefields to accelerate electrons to the TeV energy scale in a single stage. An experimental program at CERN -- the AWAKE experiment -- has been launched to study in detail the important physical processes and to demonstrate the power of proton-driven plasma wakefield acceleration. Here we review the physical principles and some experimental considerations for a future proton-driven plasma wakefield accelerator.

Assmann, R; Bohl, T; Bracco, C; Buttenschon, B; Butterworth, A; Caldwell, A; Chattopadhyay, S; Cipiccia, S; Feldbaumer, E; Fonseca, R A; Goddard, B; Gross, M; Grulke, O; Gschwendtner, E; Holloway, J; Huang, C; Jaroszynski, D; Jolly, S; Kempkes, P; Lopes, N; Lotov, K; Machacek, J; Mandry, S R; McKenzie, J W; Meddahi, M; Militsyn, B L; Moschuering, N; Muggli, P; Najmudin, Z; Noakes, T C Q; Norreys, P A; Oz, E; Pardons, A; Petrenko, A; Pukhov, A; Rieger, K; Reimann, O; Ruhl, H; Shaposhnikova, E; Silva, L O; Sosedkin, A; Tarkeshian, R; Trines, R M G N; Tuckmantel, T; Vieira, J; Vincke, H; Wing, M; Xia, G

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

STEP and fundamental physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Satellite Test of the Equivalence Principle (STEP) will advance experimental limits on violations of Einstein's Equivalence Principle from their present sensitivity of 2 parts in $10^{13}$ to 1 part in $10^{18}$ through multiple comparison of the motions of four pairs of test masses of different compositions in a drag-free earth-orbiting satellite. We describe the experiment, its current status, and its potential implications for fundamental physics. Equivalence is at the heart of general relativity, our governing theory of gravity, and violations are expected in most attempts to unify this theory with the other fundamental interactions of physics, as well as in many theoretical explanations for the phenomenon of dark energy in cosmology. Detection of such a violation would be equivalent to the discovery of a new force of nature. A null result would be almost as profound, pushing upper limits on any coupling between standard-model fields and the new light degrees of freedom generically predicted by these theories down to unnaturally small levels.

James Overduin; Francis Everitt; Paul Worden; John Mester

2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

299

STEP and fundamental physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Satellite Test of the Equivalence Principle (STEP) will advance experimental limits on violations of Einstein's Equivalence Principle from their present sensitivity of 2 parts in $10^{13}$ to 1 part in $10^{18}$ through multiple comparison of the motions of four pairs of test masses of different compositions in a drag-free earth-orbiting satellite. We describe the experiment, its current status, and its potential implications for fundamental physics. Equivalence is at the heart of general relativity, our governing theory of gravity, and violations are expected in most attempts to unify this theory with the other fundamental interactions of physics, as well as in many theoretical explanations for the phenomenon of dark energy in cosmology. Detection of such a violation would be equivalent to the discovery of a new force of nature. A null result would be almost as profound, pushing upper limits on any coupling between standard-model fields and the new light degrees of freedom generically predicted by these ...

Overduin, James; Worden, Paul; Mester, John

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

STEP and fundamental physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Satellite Test of the Equivalence Principle (STEP) will advance experimental limits on violations of Einstein's equivalence principle from their present sensitivity of two parts in 1013 to one part in 1018 through multiple comparison of the motions of four pairs of test masses of different compositions in a drag-free earth-orbiting satellite. We describe the experiment, its current status and its potential implications for fundamental physics. Equivalence is at the heart of general relativity, our governing theory of gravity and violations are expected in most attempts to unify this theory with the other fundamental interactions of physics, as well as in many theoretical explanations for the phenomenon of dark energy in cosmology. Detection of such a violation would be equivalent to the discovery of a new force of nature. A null result would be almost as profound, pushing upper limits on any coupling between standard-model fields and the new light degrees of freedom generically predicted by these theories down to unnaturally small levels.

James Overduin; Francis Everitt; Paul Worden; John Mester

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The Tokamak Physics Experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mission of the Tokamak Physics Experiment (TPX) [Nevins {ital et} {ital al}., {ital Plasma} {ital Physics} {ital and} {ital Controlled} {ital Nuclear} {ital Fusion}, Wuerzburg (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1992), Vol. 3, p. 279] is to develop the scientific basis for an economically competitive and continuously operating tokamak fusion power source. This complements the primary mission of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) [ITER Document Ser. No. 18 (International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 1991)], the demonstration of ignition and long-pulse burn, and the integration of nuclear technologies. The TPX program is focused on making the demonstration power plant that follows ITER as compact and attractive as possible, and on permitting ITER to achieve its ultimate goal of steady-state operation. This mission of TPX requires the development of steady-state regimes with high beta, good confinement, and a high fraction of a self-driven bootstrap current. These regimes must be compatible with plasma stability, strong heat-flux dispersion in the divertor region, and effective particle control.

Davidson, R.C.; Goldston, R.J. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Neilson, G.H. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Thomassen, K.I. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

On the possibility to use ATLAS and CMS detectors for neutrino physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energetic primary cosmic rays entering the Earth's atmosphere generate flux of secondary particles including neutrinos. Muon neutrinos passed through the Earth and produced muons via the charged current reaction can be registered by experimental setups intended for the measurements with colliding beams. Due to large geometrical size and advanced muon detecting system such detectors as ATLAS and CMS on LHC have chance to contribute also into the neutrino physics. The estimation of possible rates of up-going muons produced by neutrinos is given.

A. Guskov

2009-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

303

Meet with Large Businesses  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Meet with Large Businesses Meet with Large Businesses and learn about upcoming acquisitions! * Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) * National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) * Small Business Administration (SBA) * U.S. Department of Energy / Energy, Efficiency, and Renewable Energy (EERE) * U.S. Department of Energy / Golden Field Office (GFO) * Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) * Colorado Procurement Technical Assistance Center (PTAC)

304

Method for simulating discontinuous physical systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The mathematical foundations of conventional numerical simulation of physical systems provide no consistent description of the behavior of such systems when subjected to discontinuous physical influences. As a result, the numerical simulation of such problems requires ad hoc encoding of specific experimental results in order to address the behavior of such discontinuous physical systems. In the present invention, these foundations are replaced by a new combination of generalized function theory and nonstandard analysis. The result is a class of new approaches to the numerical simulation of physical systems which allows the accurate and well-behaved simulation of discontinuous and other difficult physical systems, as well as simpler physical systems. Applications of this new class of numerical simulation techniques to process control, robotics, and apparatus design are outlined.

Baty, Roy S. (Albuquerque, NM); Vaughn, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Coherent X-ray Imaging Data Bank (CXIDB): An Open Repository for CXI Experimental Data  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Nowadays there are several groups around the world doing excellent work using different kinds of techniques all based on the physics of coherent X-ray imaging (CXI). Due to several reasons, including lack of a standard file format, there has been limited sharing of data which severely limits possible synergies inside the community. At the same time there is a population of researchers who do not have access to the facilities required to make such kinds of experiments, or do not have the expertise and resources necessary to carry them out. But many of them would be able to test new ideas and techniques if they would have access to the experimental data. The main goal of the Coherent X-ray Imaging Data Bank is to address these problems by creating an open repository for CXI experimental data. Such a repository provides several important benefits including: Expansion of the CXI community directly leading to an increase in the science output, the existence of an archival place for all the experimental data would ensure that such data does not gets lost forever when the group that did the experiment is no longer interested in the data, the availability of the experimental data to the entire community greatly facilitates reproducibility, leading to higher quality and more transparent science, the development of a well documented file format for CXI data facilitates data sharing and might one day lead to its emergence as a de facto standard. Current free electron laser facilities such as the LCLS are capable of producing very large amounts of data (20TB a day) and the coming European FEL is expected to increase this rate a factor of 500. The analyzes of such large bodies of data will have to be distributed through a large community to make it manageable, and this repository could be an important facilitator in this process.

306

Relaxing a large cosmological constant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cosmological constant (CC) problem is the biggest enigma of theoretical physics ever. In recent times, it has been rephrased as the dark energy problem in order to encompass a wider spectrum of possibilities. It is, in any case, a polyhedric puzzle with many faces, including the cosmic coincidence problem, i.e. why the density of matter is presently so close to the CC density. However, the oldest, toughest and most intriguing face of this polyhedron is the big CC problem, namely why the measured value of the CC at present is so small as compared to any typical density scale existing in high energy physics, especially taking into account the many phase transitions that our Universe has undergone since the early times, including inflation. In this letter, we propose to extend the field equations of General Relativity by including a class of invariant terms that automatically relax the value of the CC irrespective of the initial size of the vacuum energy in the early epochs. We show that, at late times, the Universe enters an eternal de Sitter stage mimicking a tiny positive cosmological constant. Thus, these models could solve the big CC problem and have also a bearing on the cosmic coincidence problem. Remarkably, they mimic the LCDM model to a large extent, but they still leave some characteristic imprints that should be testable in the next generation of experiments.

Florian Bauer; Joan Sola; Hrvoje Stefancic

2009-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

307

Report of the Quark Flavor Physics Working Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report represents the response of the Intensity Frontier Quark Flavor Physics Working Group to the Snowmass charge. We summarize the current status of quark flavor physics and identify many exciting future opportunities for studying the properties of strange, charm, and bottom quarks. The ability of these studies to reveal the effects of new physics at high mass scales make them an essential ingredient in a well-balanced experimental particle physics program.

Butler, J N; Ritchie, J L; Cirigliano, V; Kettell, S; Briere, R; Petrov, A A; Schwartz, A; Skwarnicki, T; Zupan, J; Christ, N; Sharpe, S R; Van de Water, R S; Altmannshofer, W; Arkani-Hamed, N; Artuso, M; Asner, D M; Bernard, C; Bevan, A J; Blanke, M; Bonvicini, G; Browder, T E; Bryman, D A; Campana, P; Cenci, R; Cline, D; Comfort, J; Cronin-Hennessy, D; Datta, A; Dobbs, S; Duraisamy, M; El-Khadra, A X; Fast, J E; Forty, R; Flood, K T; Gershon, T; Grossman, Y; Hamilton, B; Hill, C T; Hill, R J; Hitlin, D G; Jaffe, D E; Jawahery, A; Jessop, C P; Kagan, A L; Kaplan, D M; Kohl, M; Krizan, P; Kronfeld, A S; Lee, K; Littenberg, L S; MacFarlane, D B; Mackenzie, P B; Meadows, B T; Olsen, J; Papucci, M; Parsa, Z; Paz, G; Perez, G; Piilonen, L E; Pitts, K; Purohit, M V; Quinn, B; Ratcliff, B N; Roberts, D A; Rosner, J L; Rubin, P; Seeman, J; Seth, K K; Schmidt, B; Schopper, A; Sokoloff, M D; Soni, A; Stenson, K; Stone, S; Sundrum, R; Tschirhart, R; Vainshtein, A; Wah, Y W; Wilkinson, G; Wise, M B; Worcester, E; Xu, J; Yamanaka, T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Top Quark Physics at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An overview of the prospects of top quark physics at the LHC is presented. The ATLAS and the CMS detectors are about to produce a large amount of data with high top quark contents from the LHC proton-proton collisions. A wide variet y of physics analyses is planned in both experiments, and a number of useful insights have already been obtained regarding their detector performance and physics potential. This summary is based on the talk presented at the Hadron C ollider Physics Symposium 2008, Galena, Illinois, May 27-31, 2008.

Akira Shibata

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

309

SSRL- Experimental Run Schedule  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FY2008 Experimental Run Schedules 2008 Run Ends August 11, 2008. User Operations will resume November 2008. Operating Maintenance Beam Line Schedule FY2009 FY2008 X-ray (1-4,...

310

Carderock Large Cavitation Tunnel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Large Cavitation Tunnel Large Cavitation Tunnel Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Carderock Large Cavitation Tunnel Overseeing Organization United States Naval Surface Warfare Center Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Tunnel Length(m) 13.1 Beam(m) 3.0 Depth(m) 3.0 Water Type Freshwater Cost(per day) Contact POC Special Physical Features The Large Cavitation Channel was designed as a variable pressure, recirculating, cavitation tunnel with a very low acoustic background level; test section pressure: 3.5-414 kPa (0.03 to 4 atmospheres, 0.5 to 60 psia); air content: 10% to 100% saturation Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities None Channel/Tunnel/Flume Velocity(m/s) 18 Recirculating Yes Wind Capabilities

311

Experimental Theatre in Venezuela  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4 LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW Experimental Theatre in Venezuela The I Jornadas de Bsqueda y Experimentacin Teatral took place March 21-May 19, 1985 in Caracas. Organized by the Centro Latinoamericano de Creacin e Investigacin Teatral... of the festival was to give an opportunity for experimental theatre groups to present their work and thus to show the current tendencies of unconventional theatre in Venezuela. The participating groups (among them Shock Teatral, Contradanza, Taller...

Editors

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Physics & Astronomy Degree options  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

148 Physics & Astronomy Degree options BSc (Single Honours Degrees) Astrophysics Physics MPhys AND HL7 in Mathematics Physics and Astronomy (Gateway and International Gateway) Entry For UK students. Physics&Astronomy Subject enquiries Dr Kenny Wood E: physics@st-andrews.ac.uk Features * The nature

Brierley, Andrew

313

B Physics (Experiment)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In past few years the flavor physics made important transition from the work on confirmation the standard model of particle physics to the phase of search for effects of a new physics beyond standard model. In this paper we review current state of the physics of b-hadrons with emphasis on results with a sensitivity to new physics.

Michal Kreps

2010-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

314

Physics Resources for Teachers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics Resources for Teachers University of Wisconsin ­ Madison Department of Physics 1150 University Ave. Madison, WI 53706 wonders@physics.wisc.edu (608) 262-2927 Plasma Physics Web Resources Center Plasma Physics Lab http://science-education.pppl.gov/ Coalition for Plasma Science http

Collar, Juan I.

315

Department of Physics High Energy Physics Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Physics High Energy Physics Group Electrical Engineer (Job ref: 0004) The High Energy and experience. A job description and an application form can be obtained from http

316

Applied large eddy simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2971-2983. doi:10.1098/rsta.2008.0303 . Audio Supplement Audio Supplement Audio files from the Applied large eddy simulation...fidelity. | Whittle Laboratory, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PZ...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Physics with ultra-low energy antiprotons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The experimental observation that all forms of matter experience the same gravitational acceleration is embodied in the weak equivalence principle of gravitational physics. However no experiment has tested this principle for particles of antimatter such as the antiproton or the antihydrogen atom. Clearly the question of whether antimatter is in compliance with weak equivalence is a fundamental experimental issue, which can best be addressed at an ultra-low energy antiproton facility. This paper addresses the issue. 20 refs.

Holtkamp, D.B.; Holzscheiter, M.H.; Hughes, R.J. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Physics of nuclear reactor safety  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Provides a concise review of the physical aspects of safety of nuclear fission reactors. It covers the developments of roughly the last decade. The introductory chapter contains an analysis of the changes in safety philosophy that are characteristic of the last decade and that have given rise to an increased importance of physical aspects because of the emphasis on passive or natural safety. The second chapter focuses on the basics of reactor safety, identifying the main risk sources and the main principles for a safe design. The third chapter concerns a systematic treatment of the physical processes that are fundamental for the properties of fission chain reacting processes and the control of those processes. Because of the rather specialized nature of the field of reactor physics, each paragraph contains a very concise description of the theory of the phenomenon under consideration, before presenting a review of the developments. Chapter 4 contains a short review of the thermal aspects of reactor safety, restricted to those aspects that are characteristic of the nuclear reactor field, because thermal hydraulics of fission reactors is not principally different from that of other physical systems. In chapter 5 the consequences of the physics treated in the preceding chapters for the dynamics and safety of actual reactors are reviewed. The systematics of the treatment is mainly based on a division of reactors into three categories according to the type of coolant, which to a large extent determines the safety properties of the reactors. The last chapter contains a physical analysis of the Chernobyl accident that occurred in 1986. The reason for an attempt to give a review of this accident, as complete as possible within the space limits set by the editors, is twofold: the Chernobyl accident is the most severe accident in history and physical properties of the reactor played a decisive role, thereby serving as an illustration of the material of the preceding chapters.

H van Dam

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

1. Physical constants 1 1. PHYSICAL CONSTANTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. Physical constants 1 1. PHYSICAL CONSTANTS Table 1.1. Reviewed 2011 by P.J. Mohr (NIST). Mainly in parentheses after the values give the 1-standard-deviation uncertainties in the last digits; the corresponding also P.J. Mohr and D.B. Newell, "Resource Letter FC-1: The Physics of Fundamental Constants," Am. J

320

Physics 4: Introductory Physics Electromagnetism and Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics 4: Introductory Physics Electromagnetism and Light Professor Jeffrey D. Richman Department: Electromagnetism and Light Welcome to Physics 4! What is your goal in life? If it is to become an engineer or to pursue a career in science, this is a key class for you. Understanding electromagnetism and light

Fygenson, Deborah Kuchnir

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Large Scale Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work is mainly an experimental investigation on the storage of solar energy and/or the waste heat of a ... lake or a ground cavity. A model storage unit of (120.75)m3 size was designed and constructed. The...

F. mez; R. Oskay; A. ?. er

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Reservoir characterization using experimental design and response surface methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research combines a statistical tool called experimental design/response surface methodology with reservoir modeling and flow simulation for the purpose of reservoir characterization. Very often, it requires large number of reservoir simulation...

Parikh, Harshal

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

323

Physics 212E Classical and Modern Physics Spring 2012 Assignments for Week 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics 212E Classical and Modern Physics Spring 2012 Assignments for Week 5 Reading Class Date coils, and rapid relative motion. Suppose you could move a large 1.0 T magnet over the face of a 10 cm diameter 200-turn coil. What time interval between maximum flux and no flux would you need to produce

Vollmayr-Lee, Ben

324

Lowx physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...experiment led to the concept of the nuclear atom (Geiger & Marsden 1909...stronger y dependence at the cost of involving derivatives of r...collider physics. Cambridge Mono- graphs on Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics and Cosmology, vol...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Section 21 - Physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It would be difficult to overstate the importance of the field of physics to our understanding of energy. Indeed, it would be easier to describe what domains of physics were not central to the concept of energy. Noble Prize laureates in physicsBecquerel, Curie, Planck, Einstein, Bohr, Marconi, Heisenberg, Schrodinger, Fermi, Betheproduced fundamental advances that not only improved our understanding of energy, but also formed the foundation for our understanding of the Universe itself. Contributions to the modern physics of energy began as early as the 17th century. In 1638 Galileo published his major work on mechanics, including experiments on acceleration, friction, inertia, and falling bodies. At about the same time, Italian physicist Evangelista Torricelli applied Galileos laws to the motion of fluids, establishing the science of hydrodynamics. in 1687, Isaac Newton published Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica, often regarded as the most important book of science ever written. He established three laws of motion, the law of universal gravitation, and other fundamental principles. Newton thus provided the basic description of the natural laws governing the universe (later modified by the work of Einstein). In the 18th century, Dutch-born Swiss mathematician Daniel Bernoulli stated what is now known as the Bernoulli principle: as the velocity of a fluid increases, the pressure decreases (1738). This becomes a foundation for fluid dynamics. In the 1750s, Leonhard Euler developed his famous Euler equations that would form the basis of fluid mechanics. The Euler equations describe conservation of mass, momentum, and energy for an ideal compressible fluid in three-dimensions. In his Traite elementaire de chimie (1789), the French chemist Antoine Lavoisier introduced the law of conservation of mass that he had developed some years before. The pace of scientific advance accelerated in the 19th century. Beginning in 1824, French engineer Nicolas Lonard (Sadi) Carnot of established that heat moves from a system of higher temperature to one of lower temperature, and that through this process work is done. This provides the basis for the second law of thermodynamics. In 1839, Edmund Becquerel, a French experimental physicist, discovered the photovoltaic effect while experimenting with an electrolytic cell made up of two metal electrodes. James Joule determined the mechanical equivalent of heat by measuring the change in temperature produced by the friction of a paddlewheel attached to a falling weight (1843). Rudolf Clausius, a German mathematical physicist, made the first formal expression of the second law of thermodynamics, which became a cornerstone of modern science (1850). This states that heat cannot of its own accord pass from a colder body to a hotter one. In 1861, Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell published On Physical Lines of Force, a landmark four-part paper that forms the basis for classical electromagnetic theory. Austrian physicist Ludwig Boltzmann published a seminal paper on the H-theorem, which described the increase in the entropy of an ideal gas in an irreversible process (1972). This was a founding contribution to the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics. In 1888, Phillip Lenard, a German physicist and assistant to Heinrich Hertz, was the first to cause cathode rays to pass from the interior of a vacuum tube through a thin metal window into the air, where they produce luminosity. In the 1890s, Ludwig Boltzman, an Austrian physicist, founded the field of statistical mechanics. Physicist Wilhelm Roentgen of Germany demonstrated the first X-rays (1895), and their medical implications were immediately recognized. The early 20th century produced a flurry of important advances in the physics of energy. These include Max Plancks work on quantum mechanics, Rutherfords work on radioactivity, Einsteins remarkable year (1905) in which he published three papers that would change the way scientists viewed the natural world, the Geiger-Marsden experiment (1909)

Cutler J. Cleveland; Christopher Morris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Current experiments in elementary particle physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains summaries of 720 recent and current experiments in elementary particle physics (experiments that finished taking data before 1980 are excluded). Included are experiments at Brookhaven, CERN, CESR, DESY, Fermilab, Moscow Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Tokyo Institute of Nuclear Studies, KEK, LAMPF, Leningrad Nuclear Physics Institute, Saclay, Serpukhov, SIN, SLAC, and TRIUMF, and also experiments on proton decay. Instructions are given for searching online the computer database (maintained under the SLAC/SPIRES system) that contains the summaries. Properties of the fixed-target beams at most of the laboratories are summarized.

Wohl, C.G.; Armstrong, F.E., Oyanagi, Y.; Dodder, D.C.; Ryabov, Yu.G.; Frosch, R.; Olin, A.; Lehar, F.; Moskalev, A.N.; Barkov, B.P.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Saturday Morning Physics - Talks  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

are now asking. pdf print version (pdf) Further information online Contemporary Physics Education Project The Particle Adventure Particle Physics - Education and Outreach...

328

B Physics: Theory Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is an overview of B physics that can be done at the LHC with the purpose of searching for new physics.

David London

2012-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

329

Project X: Physics Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Part 2 of "Project X: Accelerator Reference Design, Physics Opportunities, Broader Impacts". In this Part, we outline the particle-physics program that can be achieved with Project X, a staged superconducting linac for intensity-frontier particle physics. Topics include neutrino physics, kaon physics, muon physics, electric dipole moments, neutron-antineutron oscillations, new light particles, hadron structure, hadron spectroscopy, and lattice-QCD calculations. Part 1 is available as arXiv:1306.5022 [physics.acc-ph] and Part 3 is available as arXiv:1306.5024 [physics.acc-ph].

Andreas S. Kronfeld; Robert S. Tschirhart; Usama Al-Binni; Wolfgang Altmannshofer; Charles Ankenbrandt; Kaladi Babu; Sunanda Banerjee; Matthew Bass; Brian Batell; David V. Baxter; Zurab Berezhiani; Marc Bergevin; Robert Bernstein; Sudeb Bhattacharya; Mary Bishai; Thomas Blum; S. Alex Bogacz; Stephen J. Brice; Joachim Brod; Alan Bross; Michael Buchoff; Thomas W. Burgess; Marcela Carena; Luis A. Castellanos; Subhasis Chattopadhyay; Mu-Chun Chen; Daniel Cherdack; Norman H. Christ; Tim Chupp; Vincenzo Cirigliano; Pilar Coloma; Christopher E. Coppola; Ramanath Cowsik; J. Allen Crabtree; Andr de Gouva; Jean-Pierre Delahaye; Dmitri Denisov; Patrick deNiverville; Ranjan Dharmapalan; Alexander Dolgov; Georgi Dvali; Estia Eichten; Jrgen Engelfried; Phillip D. Ferguson; Tony Gabriel; Avraham Gal; Franz Gallmeier; Kenneth S. Ganezer; Susan Gardner; Douglas Glenzinski; Stephen Godfrey; Elena S. Golubeva; Stefania Gori; Van B. Graves; Geoffrey Greene; Cory L. Griffard; Ulrich Haisch; Thomas Handler; Brandon Hartfiel; Athanasios Hatzikoutelis; Ayman Hawari; Lawrence Heilbronn; James E. Hill; Patrick Huber; David E. Jaffe; Christian Johnson; Yuri Kamyshkov; Daniel M. Kaplan; Boris Kerbikov; Brendan Kiburg; Harold G. Kirk; Andreas Klein; Kyle Knoepfel; Boris Kopeliovich; Vladimir Kopeliovich; Joachim Kopp; Wolfgang Korsch; Graham Kribs; Ronald Lipton; Chen-Yu Liu; Wolfgang Lorenzon; Zheng-Tian Lu; Naomi C. R. Makins; David McKeen; Geoffrey Mills; Michael Mocko; Rabindra Mohapatra; Nikolai V. Mokhov; Guenter Muhrer; Pieter Mumm; David Neuffer; Lev Okun; Mark A. Palmer; Robert Palmer; Robert W. Pattie Jr.; David G. Phillips II; Kevin Pitts; Maxim Pospelov; Vitaly S. Pronskikh; Chris Quigg; Erik Ramberg; Amlan Ray; Paul E. Reimer; David G. Richards; Adam Ritz; Amit Roy; Arthur Ruggles; Robert Ryne; Utpal Sarkar; Andy Saunders; Yannis K. Semertzidis; Anatoly Serebrov; Hirohiko Shimizu; Arindam K. Sikdar; Robert Shrock; Pavel V. Snopok; William M. Snow; Aria Soha; Stefan Spanier; Sergei Striganov; Zhaowen Tang; Lawrence Townsend; Jon Urheim; Arkady Vainshtein; Richard Van de Water; Ruth S. Van de Water; Richard J. Van Kooten; Bernard Wehring; Lisa Whitehead; Robert J. Wilson; Elizabeth Worcester; William C. Wester III; Albert R. Young; Geralyn Zeller

2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

330

Office of Physical Protection  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Office of Physical Protection is comprised of a team of security specialists engaged in providing Headquarters-wide physical protection.

331

ORISE: Health physics services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Health physics services Nuclear power plant The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) offers comprehensive health physics services in a number of technical areas...

332

Carl A. Gagliardi PHYSICS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physical Society Joseph B. Natowitz CHEMISTRY Heavy-ion reaction dynamics and thermodynamics - ACS Award in Nuclear Chemistry - Fellow, American Physical Society Ralf Rapp...

333

August, 2010 PHYSICS 441/841 EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS I (3 Cr)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the experiment, your approach to the experiment, the quality of the data taken and handling of the apparatus. There may be one or more short quizzes covering the material presented in lecture. LABORATORY NOTEBOOKS and the name of your partner, if any. 3. A brief description of the apparatus - a diagram is usually helpful. 4

Farritor, Shane

334

Faculty Position in Experimental Particle Physics Department of Physics, Carleton University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carleton University, the lead institution of the SNOLAB facility, invites applications for a tenure Observatory and the SNOLAB project, the ATLAS collaboration at the LHC, and detector development

335

Experimental particle physics at the University of Pittsburgh. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the past year on Task A, the HELIOS work drew to a close with first results from the electron-muon pair studies (no anomalous sources are seen, and the final results and uncertainties are being set). First data from CMD2 will allow improvement of some phi branching ratios, including some improved limits on forbidden decays. The engineering run for E865 is scheduled for June and July of 1993. The principal efforts of Task B, the Fermilab program, have been the completion of the analysis of the 1987--88 data with resulting publications, completion of the 1990--91 data run, and the beginning of the analysis of the 1990--91 data. In addition, the Task B group is taking a leadership role in developing a proposal to Fermilab for the upgrade of the CDF silicon vertex detector in preparation for the 1995 data run. Task C has recently submitted results of its fractionally charged particle searches, placing new upper limits on the abundance of naturally-occurring fractionally-charged particles in various materials. This group has recently been approved by the Brookhaven management for an exposure of their p-i-n diodes in a high intensity proton beam. This measurement, along with its subsequent analysis, will complete the program. Task D concerned itself with silicon drift chamber studies for the SSC. Task E was devoted to studies of electronics for the GEM Level 1 liquid Ar calorimeter trigger.

Cleland, W.E.; Engels, E. Jr.; Humanic, T.J.; Perera, U.; Shepard, P.F.; Thompson, J.A.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

2007 CBECS Large Hospital Building FAQs  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

FAQs Main Report | Methodology | FAQ | FAQs Main Report | Methodology | FAQ | List of Tables CBECS 2007 - Release date: August 17, 2012 How were the data collected for this study? These data were collected with the 2007 Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS). See the 2007 CBECS Large Hospital Building Methodology Report for details. Why are you publishing estimates only for large hospitals and not the rest of the commercial building population? A majority of the 2007 CBECS buildings were sampled from a frame that used a less expensive experimental method to update the 2003 frame for new construction. After careful analysis, EIA determined that the buildings sampled from this experimental frame were not representative of the commercial building population and therefore the 2007 CBECS sample as a

337

CHALLENGES IN DATA INTENSIVE ANALYSIS AT SCIENTIFIC EXPERIMENTAL USER FACILITIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This chapter will discuss the critical data intensive analysis and visualiza-tion challenges faced by the experimental science community at large scale and laboratory based facilities. The chapter will further highlight initial solutions under development through community efforts and lay out perspectives for the future, such as the potential of more closely linked experimental and computational science approaches, methods to achieve real time analysis capabilities and the challenges and opportunities of data integration across experimental scales, levels of theory and varying techniques.

Kleese van Dam, Kerstin; Li, Dongsheng; Miller, Stephen D.; Cobb, John W.; Green, Mark L.; Ruby, Catherine L.

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

338

Experimental Path End  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fin de la ruta experimental Fin de la ruta experimental Volver Principal ESTOY PERDIDO!!! Usted ha conocido las técnicas usadas para registrar las evidencias experimentales que sustentan el Modelo Standard. En resumen, podemos decir que los físicos usan los aceleradores para "espiar" dentro de la estructura de las partículas. Los detectores recogen datos, que son analnizados primero por computadoras y luego por personas. Usted ha llegado al final de la ruta de la evidencia experimental. A pesar que las evidencias experimentales han dado un amplio sustento al Modelo Standard, es necesario reconocer que aún queda mucho por aprender. En particular, los físicos están plagados de problemas relacionados con los neutrinos, la materia oscura, y la imposibilidad de incluir la gravedad en

339

BS in PHYSICSASTRONOMY (694832) MAP Sheet Department of Physics and Astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BS in PHYSICS�ASTRONOMY (694832) MAP Sheet Department of Physics and Astronomy For students Principles of Physics 2 Phscs 127 Descriptive Astronomy Phscs 140 Electronics Lab Phscs 145 Experimental semester. Phscs 220 Principles of Physics 3 Phscs 222 Modern Physics Phscs 227 Solar System Astronomy Phscs

Hart, Gus

340

BS in PHYSICSASTRONOMY (694832) MAP Sheet Department of Physics and Astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BS in PHYSICS­ASTRONOMY (694832) MAP Sheet Department of Physics and Astronomy For students Astronomy Phscs 140 Electronics Lab Phscs 145 Experimental Methods in Physics Phscs 191 Intro to Physics Astronomy Phscs 228 Stellar and Extragalactic Astronomy Phscs 230 Computational Physics Lab 1 Phscs 291

Hart, Gus

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

BS in PHYSICSASTRONOMY (694832) MAP Sheet Department of Physics and Astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BS in PHYSICS�ASTRONOMY (694832) MAP Sheet Department of Physics and Astronomy For students Astronomy Phscs 140 Electronics Lab Phscs 145 Experimental Methods in Physics Phscs 191 Intro to Physics Astronomy Phscs 228 Stellar and Extragalactic Astronomy Phscs 230 Computational Physics Lab 1 Phscs 291

Hart, Gus

342

Title of Document: EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF SOLITONS ON INTENSE ELECTRON BEAMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT Title of Document: EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF SOLITONS ON INTENSE ELECTRON BEAMS Yichao Mo such as condensed matter physics, plasma physics, beam physics, optics, biology and medicine. Whereas solitons in electron beams have been predicted on theoretical grounds decades ago, they have been observed

Anlage, Steven

343

Composting Large Animal Carcasses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Disposing of large animal carcasses can be a problem for agricultural producers. Composting is a simple, low-cost method that yields a useful product that can be used as fertilizer. In this publication you'll learn the basics of composting, how...

Auvermann, Brent W.; Mukhtar, Saqib; Heflin, Kevin

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

344

The Large Hadron Collider  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...fully from the space available in...the machine construction. The superconducting...for a single sector, the whole...therefore, as the heating increases...was made, a sector was powered...is a slight heating during ramp...Collider. | The construction of the Large...the limited space available in...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Center for Beam Physics, 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Center for Beam Physics is a multi-disciplinary research and development unit in the Accelerator and Fusion Research Division at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. At the heart of the Center`s mission is the fundamental quest for mechanisms of acceleration, radiation and focusing of energy. Dedicated to exploring the frontiers of the physics of (and with) particle and photon beams, its primary mission is to promote the science and technology of the production, manipulation, storage and control systems of charged particles and photons. The Center serves this mission via conceptual studies, theoretical and experimental research, design and development, institutional project involvement, external collaborations, association with industry and technology transfer. This roster provides a glimpse at the scientists, engineers, technical support, students, and administrative staff that make up this team and a flavor of their multifaceted activities during 1993.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

ScienceTheoretical Experimental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphics · Operating Systems Design · Computer Networks · Computer architecture · Parallel processors and processing · Multiprocessor architecture · Interconnection networks in parallel computers · Numerical Linear#12;· · · ScienceTheoretical Experimental Computational #12;Discipline Specific Knowledge

347

Theoretical Studies in Elementary Particle Physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This final report summarizes work at Penn State University from June 1, 1990 to April 30, 2012. The work was in theoretical elementary particle physics. Many new results in perturbative QCD, in string theory, and in related areas were obtained, with a substantial impact on the experimental program.

Collins, John C.; Roiban, Radu S

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Future investigations in electromagnetic nuclear physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some basic problems in nuclear physics that may receive positive response from electro- and photonuclear research are discussed. Future directions for this research are outlined, and some specific experimental proposals compiled by a study group under the sponsorship of the Bates (MIT) Users Group are described. 1 table.

Hadjimichael, E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

PHYSICS 106 Summer 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICS 106 Summer 2011 Instructor: Stephanie Magleby (sam25@physics.byu.edu) Office Hours: MWF 2 -3 pm, N311 ESC Office Phone (physics): 422-7056 Office Phone (engineering): 422-8319 TA: Corbin Jacobs [corbinjacobs@gmail.com] Email Corbin with any reading quiz questions or Mastering Physics issues

Hart, Gus

350

Fundamentals of Plasma Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fundamentals of Plasma Physics James D. Callen University of Wisconsin, Madison June 28, 2006 #12;PREFACE Plasma physics is a relatively new branch of physics that became a mature science over the last half of the 20th century. It builds on the fundamental areas of classical physics: mechanics

Callen, James D.

351

LANL: Physics Flash February 2012  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

February 2012 February 2012 I N S I D E 2 First observations oF non-ballistic Focus- ing oF ultra-high- intensity short-pulse laser-accelerated ion beams using diamond hemi-shells 3 proton radiography Fires 500th shot 4 heads up! By Diana Del Mauro ADEPS Communications Tom Intrator has made his mark as a physicist, but he's the kind of guy who isn't satisfied unless he's passing on what he knows. That's why he plans to resurrect the Plasma Physics Summer School this year. Intrator held the first series of free lectures in 2002, with the ambition of preserving hands-on experimental skills at Los Alamos National Laboratory. "The experimental work we have the students do is not just Mickey Mouse

352

Physics with the ALICE experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ALICE experiment at LHC collects data in pp collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$=0.9, 2.76 and 7 TeV and in PbPb collisions at 2.76 TeV. Highlights of the detector performance and an overview of experimental results measured with ALICE in pp and AA collisions are presented in this paper. Physics with proton-proton collisions is focused on hadron spectroscopy at low and moderate $p_T$. Measurements with lead-lead collisions are shown in comparison with those in pp collisions, and the properties of hot quark matter are discussed.

Yuri Kharlov; for the ALICE collaboration

2012-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

353

Particle Physics Education Sites  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

쭺-¶ 쭺-¶ Particle Physics Education Sites ¡]¥H¤U¬°¥~¤åºô¯¸¡^ quick reference Education and Information - National Laboratory Education Programs - Women and Minorities in Physics - Other Physics Sites - Physics Alliance - Accelerators at National Laboratories icon Particle Physics Education and Information sites: top Introduction: The Particle Adventure - an interactive tour of particle physics for everyone: the basics of theory and experiment. Virtual Visitor Center of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Guided Tour of Fermilab, - overviews of several aspects of Particle Physics. Also check out Particle Physics concepts. Probing Particles - a comprehensive and straight-forward introduction to particle physics. Big Bang Science - approaches particle physics starting from the theoretical origin of the universe.

354

BNL | Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Synoptic Survey Telescope Large Synoptic Survey Telescope About LSST Digital Sensor Array Brookhaven & Physics of the Universe LSST Project Website LSST: Providing an Unprecedented View of the Cosmos rendering of the LSST site in Chile A revolutionary 3.2 gigapixel camera mounted in a massive ground-based telescope will produce unprecedented views of the cosmos, driving discoveries with the widest, densest, and most complete images of our universe ever captured. New Visions The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) will peer into space as no other telescope can. This new facility will create an unparalleled wide-field astronomical survey of our universe - wider and deeper in volume than all previous telescopes combined. The combination of a 3200 megapixel camera sensor array, a powerful supercomputer, a cutting-edge data processing and

355

Penn Large Water Tunnel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Penn Large Water Tunnel Penn Large Water Tunnel Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Penn Large Water Tunnel Overseeing Organization Pennsylvania State University Hydrodynamics Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Tunnel Length(m) 4.3 Beam(m) 1.2 Depth(m) 1.2 Water Type Freshwater Cost(per day) Contact POC Special Physical Features Closed loop; Turbulence level = 0.1%; Pressure range = 3-60psi; Controlled cavitation = # >0.1; Control Air content = >1ppm per mole Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities None Channel/Tunnel/Flume Channel/Tunnel/Flume Yes Velocity(m/s) 16.8 Recirculating Yes Pressure Range(Psi) 3 - 60 Wind Capabilities Wind Capabilities None Control and Data Acquisition Description National Instruments steady 24 bit

356

Physics at HERA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

HERA is the first electron-proton colliding beam facility and the big news about it is that it works, despite concerns both about the reproducibility of the magnetic field in the proton ring magnets at injection and about the e-p beam-beam interaction. It is, however, a complex accelerator facility that will take a few years to bring up to full and efficient operation. With the present center of mass energy of 296 GeV, it extends the energy range for photoproduction studies by an order of magnitude over fixed target experiments and deep-inelastic e-p scattering up to momentum transfer values approaching 10{sup 5} GeV{sup 2} in both neutral and charged current interactions. At reasonable Q{sup 2}, and so with the present luminosity, events with Bjorken x down to a few times 10{sup {minus}5} are being studied. Two powerful general-purpose detectors -- H1 and ZEUS -- have been constructed to address these physics challenges and both collaborations have made new and interesting measurements as presented at this and other recent HEP conferences. The experimental program started in July 1992 and we are on a steep learning curve both with HERA and with the detectors.

Derrick, M.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

357

Fixed target electroweak and hard scattering physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The possibilities for future physics and experiments involving weak and electromagnetic interactions, neutrino oscillations, general hard scattering and experiments involving nuclear targets were explored. The studies were limited to the physics accessible using fixed target experimentation. While some of the avenues explored turn out to be relatively unrewarding in the light of competition elsewhere in the world, there are a number of positive conclusions reached about experimentation in the energy range available to the Main Injector and Tevatron. Some of the experiments would benefit from the increased intensity available from the Tevatron utilizing the Main Injector, while some require this increase. Finally, some of the experiments would use the Main Injector low energy, high intensity extracted beams directly. A program of electroweak and hard scattering experiments at fixed target energies retains the potential for important contributions to physics. The key to major parts of this program would appear to be the existence of the Main Injector. 115 refs, 17 figs.

Brock, R. (Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (USA)); Brown, C.N.; Montgomery, H.E. (Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (USA)); Corcoran, M.D. (eds.) (Rice Univ., Houston, TX (USA))

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Experiments and analysis for large conventional fast reactors in ZPPR-18/19  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experiments in ZPPR 18 and 19 provided physics data for large (1100 MWe) conventional LMRs. Measurements focused on the spatial distributions of fission rates and control worths. Experimental results were obtained for the fundamental to first-harmonic eigenvalue separation. In the outer core of ZPPR-18, fuel was arranged in sectors with uranium about the y axis and plutonium about the x axis. In ZPPR-19, the fuel was rearranged to give a uniform outer core distribution. Fission rate C/E values were essentially invariant with radius through the plutonium zones. The control worth C/E values were influences by their proximity to the uranium sectors. 10 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

Brumbach, S.B.; Collins, P.J.; Carpenter, S.G.; Grasseschi, G.L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Nuclear structure studies of medium-mass nuclei using large Ge arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The advent of large Ge arrays and their ancillary detectors has greatly advanced spectroscopic studies of the medium-mass nuclei. These nuclei undergo rapid shape changes as a function of spin, excitation energy and particle number and, thus, provide a unique laboratory to test and refine a variety of theoretical models. Following a brief review of the physics motivation, some of the highlights of the experimental results obtained with the help of these powerful detector systems will be discussed. Among results presented here are the newly-discovered island of superdeformation in the A{approximately}80 mass region, and the high-spin band structures in the N{approximately}Z nuclei. These band structures may be understood in the framework of the conventional cranking models, without the introduction of additional T=0 neutron-proton pairing correlations.

Baktash, C.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

360

Department of Energy assessment of the Large Hadron Collider  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the conclusions of the committee that assessed the cost estimate for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). This proton-proton collider will be built at CERN, the European Laboratory for Particle Physics near Geneva, Switzerland. The committee found the accelerator-project cost estimate of 2.3 billion in 1995 Swiss francs, or about $2 billion US, to be adequate and reasonable. The planned project completion date of 2005 also appears achievable, assuming the resources are available when needed. The cost estimate was made using established European accounting procedures. In particular, the cost estimate does not include R and D, prototyping and testing, spare parts, and most of the engineering labor. Also excluded are costs for decommissioning the Large Electron-Positron collider (LEP) that now occupies the tunnel, modifications to the injector system, the experimental areas, preoperations costs, and CERN manpower. All these items are assumed by CERN to be included in the normal annual operations budget rather than the construction budget. Finally, contingency is built into the base estimate, in contrast to Department of Energy (DOE) estimates that explicitly identify contingency. The committee`s charge, given by Dr. James F. Decker, Deputy Directory of the DOE Office of Energy Research, was to understand the basis for the LHC cost estimate, identify uncertainties, and judge the overall validity of the estimate, proposed schedule, and related issues. The committee met at CERN April 22--26, 1996. The assessment was based on the October 1995 LHC Conceptual Design Report or ``Yellow Book,`` cost estimates and formal presentations made by the CERN staff, site inspection, detailed discussions with LHC technical experts, and the committee members` considerable experience.

NONE

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Experimental and CFD Analysis of Advanced Convective Cooling Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to study the fundamental physical phenomena in the reactor cavity cooling system (RCCS) of very high-temperature reactors (VHTRs). One of the primary design objectives is to assure that RCCS acts as an ultimate heat sink capable of maintaining thermal integrity of the fuel, vessel, and equipment within the reactor cavity for the entire spectrum of postulated accident scenarios. Since construction of full-scale experimental test facilities to study these phenomena is impractical, it is logical to expect that computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations will play a key role in the RCCS design process. An important question then arises: To what extent are conventional CFD codes able to accurately capture the most important flow phenomena, and how can they be modified to improve their quantitative predictions? Researchers are working to tackle this problem in two ways. First, in the experimental phase, the research team plans to design and construct an innovative platform that will provide a standard test setting for validating CFD codes proposed for the RCCS design. This capability will significantly advance the state of knowledge in both liquid-cooled and gas-cooled (e.g., sodium fast reactor) reactor technology. This work will also extend flow measurements to micro-scale levels not obtainable in large-scale test facilities, thereby revealing previously undetectable phenomena that will complement the existing infrastructure. Second, in the computational phase of this work, numerical simulation of the flow and temperature profiles will be performed using advanced turbulence models to simulate the complex conditions of flows in critical zones of the cavity. These models will be validated and verified so that they can be implemented into commercially available CFD codes. Ultimately, the results of these validation studies can then be used to enable a more accurate design and safety evaluation of systems in actual nuclear power applications (both during normal operation and accident scenarios).

Yassin A. Hassan; Victor M. Ugaz

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

362

Los Alamos Lab: Materials Physics & Applications Division  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ADEPS Materials Physics and Applications, MPA ADEPS Materials Physics and Applications, MPA About Us Organization Jobs Materials Physics & Applications Home Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies Superconductivity Technology Center Condensed Matter and Magnet Science Sensors & Electrochemical Devices Materials Chemistry CONTACTS Division Leader Antoinette Taylor Deputy Division Leader David Watkins Point of Contact Susan Duran 505-665-1131 Materials Physics and Applications Division serves as the Laboratory's focal point for fundamental materials physics and materials chemistry, provides world-class user facilities, unique experimental capabilities, and the scientific talent and infrastructure to facilitate understanding and control of materials properties, and develops and apply materials-based solutions

363

Physical Activity and Cancer Prevention: From Observational to Intervention Research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...factors, including high-energy diets and low physical activity...the most likely to lead to sustainable increases in overall physical...Ma K. N., Berry T. D. Energy balance and colon cancer-beyond...experimental manipulation of energy intake and expenditure on body...

Christine M. Friedenreich

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Physics results from dynamical overlap fermion simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I summarize the physics results obtained from large-scale dynamical overlap fermion simulations by the JLQCD and TWQCD collaborations. The numerical simulations are performed at a fixed global topological sector; the physics results in the theta-vacuum is reconstructed by correcting the finite volume effect, for which the measurement of the topological susceptibility is crucial. Physics applications we studied so far include a calculation of chiral condensate, pion mass, decay constant, form factors, as well as (vector and axial-vector) vacuum polarization functions and nucleon sigma term.

Shoji Hashimoto

2008-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

365

Cyber and physical infrastructure interdependencies.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of the work discussed in this document is to understand the risk to the nation of cyber attacks on critical infrastructures. The large body of research results on cyber attacks against physical infrastructure vulnerabilities has not resulted in clear understanding of the cascading effects a cyber-caused disruption can have on critical national infrastructures and the ability of these affected infrastructures to deliver services. This document discusses current research and methodologies aimed at assessing the translation of a cyber-based effect into a physical disruption of infrastructure and thence into quantification of the economic consequences of the resultant disruption and damage. The document discusses the deficiencies of the existing methods in correlating cyber attacks with physical consequences. The document then outlines a research plan to correct those deficiencies. When completed, the research plan will result in a fully supported methodology to quantify the economic consequences of events that begin with cyber effects, cascade into other physical infrastructure impacts, and result in degradation of the critical infrastructure's ability to deliver services and products. This methodology enables quantification of the risks to national critical infrastructure of cyber threats. The work addresses the electric power sector as an example of how the methodology can be applied.

Phillips, Laurence R.; Kelic, Andjelka; Warren, Drake E.

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Gyrokinetic large eddy simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The large eddy simulation approach is adapted to the study of plasma microturbulence in a fully three-dimensional gyrokinetic system. Ion temperature gradient driven turbulence is studied with the GENE code for both a standard resolution and a reduced resolution with a model for the sub-grid scale turbulence. A simple dissipative model for representing the effect of the sub-grid scales on the resolved scales is proposed and tested. Once calibrated, the model appears to be able to reproduce most of the features of the free energy spectra for various values of the ion temperature gradient.

Morel, P.; Navarro, A. Banon; Albrecht-Marc, M.; Carati, D. [Statistical and Plasma Physics Laboratory, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles 1050 (Belgium); Merz, F.; Goerler, T.; Jenko, F. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

RHIC | New Areas of Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A New Area of Physics A New Area of Physics RHIC has created a new state of hot, dense matter out of the quarks and gluons that are the basic particles of atomic nuclei, but it is a state quite different and even more remarkable than had been predicted. Instead of behaving like a gas of free quarks and gluons, as was expected, the matter created in RHIC's heavy ion collisions is more like a liquid. Quarks Gluons and quarks Ions Ions about to collide Impact Just after collision Perfect Liquid The "perfect" liquid hot matter Hot Nuclear Matter A review article in the journal Science describes groundbreaking discoveries that have emerged from RHIC, synergies with the heavy-ion program at the Large Hadron Collider, and the compelling questions that will drive this research forward on both sides of the Atlantic.

368

Large Business Development Program (Illinois)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Large Business Development Program, administered by the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, provides grants to large businesses for bondable business activities, including...

369

Physics of climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A review of our present understanding of the global climate system, consisting of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere, and their complex interactions and feedbacks is given from the point of view of a physicist. This understanding is based both on real observations and on the results from numerical simulations. The main emphasis in this review is on the atmosphere and oceans. First, balance equations describing the large-scale climate and its evolution in time are derived from the basic thermohydrodynamic laws of classical physics. The observed atmosphere-ocean system is then described by showing how the balances of radiation, mass, angular momentum, water, and energy are maintained during present climatic conditions. Next, a hierarchy of mathematical models that successfully simulate various aspects of the climate is discussed, and examples are given of how three-dimensional general circulation models are being used to increase our understanding of the global climate "machine." Finally, the possible impact of human activities on climate is discussed, with main emphasis on likely future heating due to the release of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Jos P. Peixto and Abraham H. Oort

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Large Spectral Library Problem  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hyperspectral imaging produces a spectrum or vector at each image pixel. These spectra can be used to identify materials present in the image. In some cases, spectral libraries representing atmospheric chemicals or ground materials are available. The challenge is to determine if any of the library chemicals or materials exist in the hyperspectral image. The number of spectra in these libraries can be very large, far exceeding the number of spectral channels collected in the eld. Suppose an image pixel contains a mixture of p spectra from the library. Is it possible to uniquely identify these p spectra? We address this question in this paper and refer to it as the Large Spectral Library (LSL) problem. We show how to determine if unique identication is possible for any given library. We also show that if p is small compared to the number of spectral channels, it is very likely that unique identication is possible. We show that unique identication becomes less likely as p increases.

Chilton, Lawrence K.; Walsh, Stephen J.

2008-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

371

Probing new physics with flavor physics (and probing flavor physics with new physics)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a written version of a series of lectures aimed at graduate students and postdoctoral fellows in particle theory/string theory/particle experiment familiar with the basics of the Standard Model. We begin with an overview of flavor physics and its implications for new physics. We emphasize the "new physics flavor puzzle". Then, we give four specific examples of flavor measurements and the lessons that have been (or can be) drawn from them: (i) Charm physics: lessons for supersymmetry from the upper bound on $\\Delta m_D$. (ii) Bottom physics: model independent lessons on the KM mechanism and on new physics in neutral B mixing from $S_{\\psi K_S}$. (iii) Top physics and beyond: testing minimal flavor violation at the LHC. (iv) Neutrino physics: interpreting the data on neutrino masses and mixing within flavor models.

Yosef Nir

2007-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

372

Physics Flash Newsletter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics Links Jobs in Physics Human Resources Working at Los Alamos Los Alamos resources To read past issues, please see the: 2012 archive page 2011 archive page December 2013 | In...

373

Physics, complexity and causality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... physics theory that explains the nature of, or even the existence of, football matches, teapots, or jumbo-jet aircraft. The human mind is physically based, but there is ...

George F. R. Ellis

2005-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

374

Physics of ball lightning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An up to date description of the state of the ball lightning problem is given. The properties of ball lightning have been derived from a statistical treatment of thousands of observations. The experimental modeling of ball lightning as a whole is reviewed. The analysis leads to the conclusion that ball lightning has a rigid skeleton; a spotted structure of its glowing follows from a large difference between the radiative and mean temperatures of the ball lightning. Ball lightning is a many-sided phenomenon, and therefore has a number of analogs which are related to its separate properties and which can be modeled. The mechanical, gas-dynamical, energetic radiative and electrical processes of ball lightning are analyzed on the basis of such analogs and recent scientific information. According to this analysis, the substance composing ball lightning has a sparse fractal structure, similar to an aerogel, with the density of a gas and the behavior of a solid or liquid. The best model resembling the ball lightning structure is a knot of fractal fibers. The glowing of ball lightning is created by many thermal waves that propagate along separate fibers, use the surface energy of the structure, and form glowing hot zones with a temperature of about 2000 K. A number of models considered allow us to study the nature of ball lightning in detail.

B.M. Smirnov

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Physics 151 Lecture 1 Physics 207: Lecture 1, Pg 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 Physics 151 ­ Lecture 1 Physics 207: Lecture 1, Pg 1 Physics 207, Sections: 301/601Physics 207, Sections: 301/601 ­­ 314/614314/614 General Physics IGeneral Physics I MichaelMichael Winokur of the courseScope of the course Begin chapter 1Begin chapter 1 Homepage:Homepage: http://romano.physics

Winokur, Michael

376

Quasi-experimental and experimental approaches to environmental economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper argues that an increased application of quasi-experimental and experimental techniques will improve understanding about core environmental economics questions. This argument is supported by a review of the ...

Greenstone, Michael

377

Quasi-experimental and experimental approaches to environmental economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper argues that an increased application of quasi-experimental and experimental techniques will improve understanding about core environmental economics questions. This argument is supported by a review of the ...

Greenstone, Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Future hadron physics at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Today, hadron physics research occurs at Fermilab as parts of broader experimental programs. This is very likely to be the case in the future. Thus, much of this presentation focuses on our vision of that future--a future aimed at making Fermilab the host laboratory for the International Linear Collider (ILC). Given the uncertainties associated with the ILC--the level of needed R&D, the ILC costs, and the timing--Fermilab is also preparing for other program choices. I will describe these latter efforts, efforts focused on a Proton Driver to increase the numbers of protons available for experiments. As examples of the hadron physics which will be coming from Fermilab, I summarize three experiments: MIPP/E907 which is running currently, and MINERvA and Drell-Yan/E906 which are scheduled for future running periods. Hadron physics coming from the Tevatron Collider program will be summarized by Arthur Maciel in another talk at Hadron05.

Appel, Jeffrey A.; /Fermilab

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Physics Reach at Future Colliders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The physics reach at future colliders is discussed, with focus on the Higgs sector. First we present the Standard Model and some results obtained at the existing high-energy hadron collider, Tevatron, together with the corresponding expectations for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which starts operating in 2008. Then we discuss important low energy measurements: the anomalous magnetic moment for muon and the leptonic B-decay together with b{yields}s{gamma}. Finally the potential of the planned e{sup +}e{sup -} International Linear Collider (ILC) and its possible option Photon Linear Collider (PLC), e{gamma} and {gamma}{gamma}, is shortly presented.

Krawczyk, Maria [Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of Warsaw, ul. Hoz-dota 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland); CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

380

Physical Probability Patrick Maher  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physical Probability Patrick Maher University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign October 13, 2007 ABSTRACT. By "physical probability" I mean the empirical concept of probability in or- dinary language-extreme physical probabilities are compatible with determin- ism. Two principles, called specification

Fitelson, Branden

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Whither Nuclear Physics ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Physics has had its ups and downs. However in recent years, bucked up by some new and often puzzling data, it has become a potentially very rich field. We review some of these exciting developments in a few important sectors of nuclear physics. Emphasis shall be on the study of exotic nuclei and the new physics that these nuclei are teaching us.

Syed Afsar Abbas

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

382

in Condensed Matter Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Master in Condensed Matter Physics ­ Master académique #12;2 #12;3 Students at the University. Condensed matter physics is about explaining and predicting the relationship between the atomic, and broad education in the field of condensed matter physics · introduce you to current research topics

van der Torre, Leon

383

PHYSICS, QUALITATIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICS, QUALITATIVE C BIBLIOGRAPHY D. G. Bobrow and R J. Hayes, eds., Artif. Intell. 24," in Gentner and Stevens, 1983, pp. 155--190. J. de Kleer and J. S. Brown "A Qualitative Physics Based.J., 1983. P. Hayes, "The Naive Physics Manifesto," in Hobbs and Moore, 1985, pp 1--36 J R Hobbs and R C

de Kleer, Johan

384

B Physics at LHCb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LHCb is a dedicated detector for b physics at the LHC. In this article we present a concise review of the detector design and performance together with the main physics goals and their relevance for a precise test of the Standard Model and search of New Physics beyond it.

Monica Pepe Altarelli; Frederic Teubert

2008-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

385

Nuclear Physics with trapped  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Physics with trapped atoms and ions #12;2/2/2013Dan Melconian #12;2/2/2013Dan Melconian Outline · Scope and applications of nuclear physics precision frontier compliments LHC properties and aquifers in the Sahara #12;2/2/2013Dan Melconian What is Nuclear Physics? · Began with the study

Boas, Harold P.

386

f(?) curves: Experimental results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the transition to chaos at the golden and silver means for forced Rayleigh-Bnard (RB) convection in mercury. We present f(?) curves below, at, and above the transition, and provide comparisons to the curves calculated for the one-dimensional circle map. We find good agreement at both the golden and silver means. This confirms our earlier observation that for low amplitude forcing, forced RB convection is well described by the one-dimensional circle map and indicates that the f(?) curve is a good measure of the approach to criticality. For selected subcritical experimental data sets we calculate the degree of subcriticality. We also present both experimental and calculated results for f(?) in the presence of a third frequency. Again we obtain agreement: The presence of random noise or a third frequency narrows the right-hand (negative q) side of the f(?) curve. Subcriticality results in symmetrically narrowed curves. We can also distinguish these cases by examining the power spectra and Poincar sections of the time series.

James A. Glazier; Gemunu Gunaratne; Albert Libchaber

1988-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

387

Research in High Energy Physics at Duke University  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the Closeout Report for the research grant in experimental elementary particle physics, carried out by the Duke University High Energy Physics (HEP) group. We re- port on physics results and detector development carried out under this grant, focussing on the recent three-year grant period (2010 to 2013). The Duke HEP group consisted of seven faculty members, two senior scientists, #12;ve postdocs and eight graduate students. There were three thrusts of the research program. Measurements at the energy frontier at CDF and ATLAS were used to test aspects of elementary particle theory described by the Stan- dard Model (SM) and to search for new forces and particles beyond those contained within the SM. The neutrino sector was explored using data obtained from a large neutrino detector located in Japan, and R & D was conducted on new experiments to be built in the US. The measurements provided information about neutrino masses and the manner in which neutri- nos change species in particle beams. Two years ago we have started a new research program in rare processes based on the Mu2E experiment at Fermilab. This research is motivated by the search for the #22; ! e transition with unprecedented sensitivity, a transition forbidden in the standard model but allowed in supersymmetric and other models of new physics. The high energy research program used proton and antiproton colliding beams. The experiments were done at the Fermilab Tevatron (proton-antiproton collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV) and at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (proton-proton collisions at 7-8 TeV). The neutrino program used data obtained from the Super-Kamiokande detec- tor. This water-#12;lled Cherenkov counter was used to detect and measure the properties of neutrinos produced in cosmic ray showers, and from neutrino beams produced from acceler- ators in Japan. The Mu2E experiment will use a special stopped muon beam to be built at Fermilab.

Kotwal, Ashutosh V. [PI] [PI; Goshaw, Al [Co-PI] [Co-PI; Kruse, Mark [Co-PI] [Co-PI; Oh, Seog [Co-PI] [Co-PI; Scholberg, Kate [Co-PI] [Co-PI; Walter, Chris [Co-PI] [Co-PI

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

388

Research in High Energy Physics at Duke University  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the Closeout Report for the research grant in experimental elementary particle physics, carried out by the Duke University High Energy Physics (HEP) group. We re- port on physics results and detector development carried out under this grant, focussing on the recent three-year grant period (2010 to 2013). The Duke HEP group consisted of seven faculty members, two senior scientists, five postdocs and eight graduate students. There were three thrusts of the research program. Measurements at the energy frontier at CDF and ATLAS were used to test aspects of elementary particle theory described by the Stan- dard Model (SM) and to search for new forces and particles beyond those contained within the SM. The neutrino sector was explored using data obtained from a large neutrino detector located in Japan, and R & D was conducted on new experiments to be built in the US. The measurements provided information about neutrino masses and the manner in which neutri- nos change species in particle beams. Two years ago we have started a new research program in rare processes based on the Mu2E experiment at Fermilab. This research is motivated by the search for the #22;{mu} {yields} e transition with unprecedented sensitivity, a transition forbidden in the standard model but allowed in supersymmetric and other models of new physics. The high energy research program used proton and antiproton colliding beams. The experiments were done at the Fermilab Tevatron (proton-antiproton collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV) and at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (proton-proton collisions at 7-8 TeV). The neutrino program used data obtained from the Super-Kamiokande detector. This water-filled Cherenkov counter was used to detect and measure the properties of neutrinos produced in cosmic ray showers, and from neutrino beams produced from acceler- ators in Japan. The Mu2E experiment will use a special stopped muon beam to be built at Fermilab.

Goshaw, Alfred; Kotwal, Ashutosh; Kruse, Mark; Oh, Seog; Scholberg, Kate; Walter, Chris

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

389

Large Superconducting Magnet Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The increase of energy in accelerators over the past decades has led to the design of superconducting magnets for both accelerators and the associated detectors. The use of Nb?Ti superconducting materials allows an increase in the dipole field by up to 10 T compared with the maximum field of 2 T in a conventional magnet. The field bending of the particles in the detectors and generated by the magnets can also be increased. New materials, such as Nb3Sn and high temperature superconductor (HTS) conductors, can open the way to higher fields, in the range 1320 T. The latest generations of fusion machines producing hot plasma also use large superconducting magnet systems.

Vdrine, P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Particle physics is a frontier subject which studies the smallest constituents of matter and the laws governing their interactions. It plays an important role in studying the origin and evolution of the univer...

Hesheng Chen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Physics of Cancer | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

18, 2014, 9:30am to 11:00am Science On Saturday MBG Auditorium Physics of Cancer Professor Wolfgang Losert, Associate Professor, and Director, Partnership for Cancer Technology...

392

The International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation Project (IRPHEP)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the beginning of the Nuclear Power industry, numerous experiments concerned with nuclear energy and technology have been performed at different research laboratories, worldwide. These experiments required a large investment in terms of infrastructure, expertise, and cost; however, many were performed without a high degree of attention to archival of results for future use. The degree and quality of documentation varies greatly. There is an urgent need to preserve integral reactor physics experimental data, including measurement methods, techniques, and separate or special effects data for nuclear energy and technology applications and the knowledge and competence contained therein. If the data are compromised, it is unlikely that any of these experiments will be repeated again in the future. The International Reactor Physics Evaluation Project (IRPhEP) was initiated, as a pilot activity in 1999 by the by the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) Nuclear Science Committee (NSC). The project was endorsed as an official activity of the NSC in June of 2003. The purpose of the IRPhEP is to provide an extensively peer reviewed set of reactor physics related integral benchmark data that can be used by reactor designers and safety analysts to validate the analytical tools used to design next generation reactors and establish the safety basis for operation of these reactors. A short history of the IRPhEP is presented and its purposes are discussed in this paper. Accomplishments of the IRPhEP, including the first publication of the IRPhEP Handbook, are highlighted and the future of the project outlined.

J. Blair Briggs; Enrico Sartori; Lori Scott

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

The International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation Project (IRPhEP)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the beginning of the Nuclear Power industry, numerous experiments concerned with nuclear energy and technology have been performed at different research laboratories, worldwide. These experiments required a large investment in terms of infrastructure, expertise, and cost; however, many were performed without a high degree of attention to archival of results for future use. The degree and quality of documentation varies greatly. There is an urgent need to preserve integral reactor physics experimental data, including measurement methods, techniques, and separate or special effects data for nuclear energy and technology applications and the knowledge and competence contained therein. If the data are compromised, it is unlikely that any of these experiments will be repeated again in the future. The International Reactor Physics Evaluation Project (IRPhEP) was initiated, as a pilot activity in 1999 by the by the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) Nuclear Science Committee (NSC). The project was endorsed as an official activity of the NSC in June of 2003. The purpose of the IRPhEP is to provide an extensively peer reviewed set of reactor physics related integral benchmark data that can be used by reactor designers and safety analysts to validate the analytical tools used to design next generation reactors and establish the safety basis for operation of these reactors. A short history of the IRPhEP is presented and its purposes are discussed in this paper. Accomplishments of the IRPhEP, including the first publication of the IRPhEP Handbook, are highlighted and the future of the project outlined. (authors)

Blair Briggs, J. [Idaho National Laboratory, 2525 North Fremont, Idaho Falls, ID 83415-3860 (United States); Sartori, E. [OECD, Nuclear Energy Agency, Le Seine Saint-Germain, 12 Boulevard des Iles, F-92310 Issy-les-Moulineaux (France); Scott, L. [Cover to Cover, 1015 Cedar Hills Blvd., Belle Vernon, PA 15012 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Mathematical Caricature of Large Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Kadomtsev-Petviiashvili equation is considered as a mathematical caricature of large and rogue waves.

Mikhail Kovalyov

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

395

Physics Beyond the Standard Model: Exotic Leptons and Black Holes at Future Colliders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Standard Model of particle physics has been remarkably successful in describing present experimental results. However, it is assumed to be only a low-energy effective theory which will break down at higher energy scales, theoretically motivated to be around 1 TeV. There are a variety of proposed models of new physics beyond the Standard Model, most notably supersymmetric and extra dimension models. New charged and neutral heavy leptons are a feature of a number of theories of new physics, including the `intermediate scale' class of supersymmetric models. Using a time-of-flight technique to detect the charged leptons at the Large Hadron Collider, the discovery range (in the particular scenario studied in the first part of this thesis) is found to extend up to masses of 950 GeV. Extra dimension models, particularly those with large extra dimensions, allow the possible experimental production of black holes. The remainder of the thesis describes some theoretical results and computational tools necessary to model the production and decay of these miniature black holes at future particle colliders. The grey-body factors which describe the Hawking radiation emitted by higher-dimensional black holes are calculated numerically for the first time and then incorporated in a Monte Carlo black hole event generator; this can be used to model black hole production and decay at next-generation colliders. It is hoped that this generator will allow more detailed examination of black hole signatures and help to devise a method for extracting the number of extra dimensions present in nature.

Christopher M. Harris

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

The Cherenkov Telescope Array Large Size Telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The two arrays of the Very High Energy gamma-ray observatory Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) will include four Large Size Telescopes (LSTs) each with a 23 m diameter dish and 28 m focal distance. These telescopes will enable CTA to achieve a low-energy threshold of 20 GeV, which is critical for important studies in astrophysics, astroparticle physics and cosmology. This work presents the key specifications and performance of the current LST design in the light of the CTA scientific objectives.

Ambrosi, G; Baba, H; Bamba, A; Barcel, M; de Almeida, U Barres; Barrio, J A; Bigas, O Blanch; Boix, J; Brunetti, L; Carmona, E; Chabanne, E; Chikawa, M; Colin, P; Conteras, J L; Cortina, J; Dazzi, F; Deangelis, A; Deleglise, G; Delgado, C; Daz, C; Dubois, F; Fiasson, A; Fink, D; Fouque, N; Freixas, L; Fruck, C; Gadola, A; Garca, R; Gascon, D; Geffroy, N; Giglietto, N; Giordano, F; Graena, F; Gunji, S; Hagiwara, R; Hamer, N; Hanabata, Y; Hassan, T; Hatanaka, K; Haubold, T; Hayashida, M; Hermel, R; Herranz, D; Hirotani, K; Inoue, S; Inoue, Y; Ioka, K; Jablonski, C; Kagaya, M; Katagiri, H; Kishimoto, T; Kodani, K; Kohri, K; Konno, Y; Koyama, S; Kubo, H; Kushida, J; Lamanna, G; Flour, T Le; Lpez-Moya, M; Lpez, R; Lorenz, E; Majumdar, P; Manalaysay, A; Mariotti, M; Martnez, G; Martnez, M; Mazin, D; Miranda, J M; Mirzoyan, R; Monteiro, I; Moralejo, A; Murase, K; Nagataki, S; Nakajima, D; Nakamori, T; Nishijima, K; Noda, K; Nozato, A; Ohira, Y; Ohishi, M; Ohoka, H; Okumura, A; Orito, R; Panazol, J L; Paneque, D; Paoletti, R; Paredes, J M; Pauletta, G; Podkladkin, S; Prast, J; Rando, R; Reimann, O; Rib, M; Rosier-Lees, S; Saito, K; Saito, T; Saito, Y; Sakaki, N; Sakonaka, R; Sanuy, A; Sasaki, H; Sawada, M; Scalzotto, V; Schultz, S; Schweizer, T; Shibata, T; Shu, S; Sieiro, J; Stamatescu, V; Steiner, S; Straumann, U; Sugawara, R; Tajima, H; Takami, H; Tanaka, S; Tanaka, M; Tejedor, L A; Terada, Y; Teshima, M; Totani, T; Ueno, H; Umehara, K; Vollhardt, A; Wagner, R; Wetteskind, H; Yamamoto, T; Yamazaki, R; Yoshida, A; Yoshida, T; Yoshikoshi, T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

The Large Hadron Electron Collider Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Conceptual Design Report (CDR) for the Large Hadron Electron Collider, the LHeC, is being prepared, to which an introduction was given for the plenary panel discussion on the future of deep inelastic scattering held at DIS09. This is briefly summarised here. The CDR will comprise designs of the ep/eA collider, based on ring and linear electron accelerators, of the interaction region, designed for simultaneous $ep$ and $pp$ operation, of a new, modular detector, and it will present basics on the physics motivation for a high luminous Tera scale electron-nucleon collider as a complement to the LHC.

Max Klein

2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

398

Physics at Strathclyde N. Langford  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Physics at Strathclyde N. Langford Department of Physics University of Strathclyde #12 and Misconceptions o "There's no money in physics" o "I like the idea of a physics degree but what actual jobs do physics degree is great ­ if you want to teach physics" Untrue Physics leads to engineering NO

Mottram, Nigel

399

Physical conditions on the early Earth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for the emergence of life on the early Earth organized by S. Leach, I. W. M. Smith...Cockell Physical conditions on the early Earth Jonathan I Lunine * * ( jlunine@lpl...AZ 85721, USA. The formation of the Earth as a planet was a large stochastic process...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Density Estimation Trees in High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Density Estimation Trees can play an important role in exploratory data analysis for multidimensional, multi-modal data models of large samples. I briefly discuss the algorithm, a self-optimization technique based on kernel density estimation, and some applications in High Energy Physics.

Anderlini, Lucio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The large-scale structure of vacuum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The vacuum state in quantum field theory is known to exhibit an important number of fundamental physical features. In this work we explore the possibility that this state could also present a non-trivial space-time structure on large scales. In particular, we will show that by imposing the renormalized vacuum energy-momentum tensor to be conserved and compatible with cosmological observations, the vacuum energy of sufficiently heavy fields behaves at late times as non-relativistic matter rather than as a cosmological constant. In this limit, the vacuum state supports perturbations whose speed of sound is negligible and accordingly allows the growth of structures in the vacuum energy itself. This large-scale structure of vacuum could seed the formation of galaxies and clusters very much in the same way as cold dark matter does.

Albareti, F D; Maroto, A L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Future Experimental Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I was asked to discuss future experimental programs even though I'm a theorist. As a result, I present my own personal views on where the field is, and where it is going, based on what I myself have been working on. In particular, I discuss why we need expeditions into high energies to find clues to where the relevant energy scale is for dark matter, baryon asymmetry, and neutrino mass. I also argue that the next energy frontier machine should be justified on the basis of what we know, namely the mass of the Higgs boson, so that we will learn what energy we should aim at once we nail the Higgs sector. Finally I make remarks on dark energy.

Hitoshi Murayama

2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

403

Overview of LHC physics results at ICHEP  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

This month LHC physics day will review the physics results presented by the LHC experiments at the 2010 ICHEP in Paris. The experimental presentations will be preceeded by the bi-weekly LHC accelerator status report.The meeting will be broadcast via EVO (detailed info will appear at the time of the meeting inthe "Video Services" item on the left menu bar)For those attending, information on accommodation, access to CERN and laptop registration is available from http://cern.ch/lpcc/visits

None

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

404

Axion physics in a Josephson junction environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that recent experiments based on Josephson junctions, SQUIDS, and coupled Josephson qubits have a cosmological interpretation in terms of axionic dark matter physics, in the sense that they allow for analogue simulation of early-universe axion physics. We propose new experimental setups in which SQUID-like axionic interactions in a resonant Josephson junction environment can be tested, similar in nature to recent experiments that test for quantum entanglement of two coupled Josephson qubits. We point out that the parameter values relevant for early-universe axion cosmology are accessible with present day's achievements in nanotechnology.

Christian Beck

2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

405

Current experiments in elementary particle physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains summaries of 736 current and recent experiments in elementary particle physics (experiments that finished taking data before 1982 are excluded). Included are experiments at Brookhaven, CERN, CESR, DESY, Fermilab, Tokyo Institute of Nuclear Studies, Moscow Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Dubna), KEK, LAMPF, Novosibirsk, PSI/SIN, Saclay, Serpukhov, SLAC, and TRIUMF, and also several underground experiments. Also given are instructions for searching online the computer database (maintained under the SLAC/SPIRES system) that contains the summaries. Properties of the fixed-target beams at most of the laboratories are summarized.

Wohl, C.G.; Armstrong, F.E.; Trippe, T.G.; Yost, G.P. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA)); Oyanagi, Y. (Tsukuba Univ., Ibaraki (Japan)); Dodder, D.C. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Ryabov, Yu.G.; Slabospitsky, S.R. (Gosudarstvennyj Komitet po Ispol'zovaniyu Atomnoj Ehnergii SSSR, Serpukhov (USSR). Inst. Fiziki Vysokikh Ehnergij); Frosch, R. (Swiss Inst. for Nuclear Research, Villigen (Switzerla

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Current experiments in elementary particle physics. Revised  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains summaries of 584 current and recent experiments in elementary particle physics. Experiments that finished taking data before 1986 are excluded. Included are experiments at Brookhaven, CERN, CESR, DESY, Fermilab, Tokyo Institute of Nuclear Studies, Moscow Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, KEK, LAMPF, Novosibirsk, Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI), Saclay, Serpukhov, SLAC, SSCL, and TRIUMF, and also several underground and underwater experiments. Instructions are given for remote searching of the computer database (maintained under the SLAC/SPIRES system) that contains the summaries.

Galic, H. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Stanford Linear Accelerator Center; Wohl, C.G.; Armstrong, B. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Dodder, D.C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Klyukhin, V.I.; Ryabov, Yu.G. [Inst. for High Energy Physics, Serpukhov (Russian Federation); Illarionova, N.S. [Inst. of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Lehar, F. [CEN Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Oyanagi, Y. [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Sciences; Olin, A. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Frosch, R. [Paul Scherrer Inst., Villigen (Switzerland)

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Physics Beyond the Standard Model: Supersymmetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This collection of studies on new physics at the LHC constitutes the report of the supersymmetry working group at the Workshop 'Physics at TeV Colliders', Les Houches, France, 2007. They cover the wide spectrum of phenomenology in the LHC era, from alternative models and signatures to the extraction of relevant observables, the study of the MSSM parameter space and finally to the interplay of LHC observations with additional data expected on a similar time scale. The special feature of this collection is that while not each of the studies is explicitly performed together by theoretical and experimental LHC physicists, all of them were inspired by and discussed in this particular environment.

Nojiri, M.M.; /KEK, Tsukuba /Tsukuba, Graduate U. Adv. Studies /Tokyo U.; Plehn, T.; /Edinburgh U.; Polesello, G.; /INFN, Pavia; Alexander, John M.; /Edinburgh U.; Allanach, B.C.; /Cambridge U.; Barr, Alan J.; /Oxford U.; Benakli, K.; /Paris U., VI-VII; Boudjema, F.; /Annecy, LAPTH; Freitas, A.; /Zurich U.; Gwenlan, C.; /University Coll. London; Jager, S.; /CERN /LPSC, Grenoble

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Overview of LHC physics results at ICHEP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This month LHC physics day will review the physics results presented by the LHC experiments at the 2010 ICHEP in Paris. The experimental presentations will be preceeded by the bi-weekly LHC accelerator status report.The meeting will be broadcast via EVO (detailed info will appear at the time of the meeting inthe "Video Services" item on the left menu bar)For those attending, information on accommodation, access to CERN and laptop registration is available from http://cern.ch/lpcc/visits

None

2011-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

409

Faculty Position Therapeutic Medical Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

spectroscopy, fluoroscopy, ultrasound, digital radiography, and nuclear medicine. The Colorado State University of subjects in Radiation Therapy Physics, Medical Imaging Physics, and Radiological Physics and Dosimetry

410

Status Report of the DPHEP Study Group: Towards a Global Effort for Sustainable Data Preservation in High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data from high-energy physics (HEP) experiments are collected with significant financial and human effort and are mostly unique. An inter-experimental study group on HEP data preservation and long-term analysis was convened as a panel of the International Committee for Future Accelerators (ICFA). The group was formed by large collider-based experiments and investigated the technical and organisational aspects of HEP data preservation. An intermediate report was released in November 2009 addressing the general issues of data preservation in HEP. This paper includes and extends the intermediate report. It provides an analysis of the research case for data preservation and a detailed description of the various projects at experiment, laboratory and international levels. In addition, the paper provides a concrete proposal for an international organisation in charge of the data management and policies in high-energy physics.

Z. Akopov; Silvia Amerio; David Asner; Eduard Avetisyan; Olof Barring; James Beacham; Matthew Bellis; Gregorio Bernardi; Siegfried Bethke; Amber Boehnlein; Travis Brooks; Thomas Browder; Rene Brun; Concetta Cartaro; Marco Cattaneo; Gang Chen; David Corney; Kyle Cranmer; Ray Culbertson; Sunje Dallmeier-Tiessen; Dmitri Denisov; Cristinel Diaconu; Vitaliy Dodonov; Tony Doyle; Gregory Dubois-Felsmann; Michael Ernst; Martin Gasthuber; Achim Geiser; Fabiola Gianotti; Paolo Giubellino; Andrey Golutvin; John Gordon; Volker Guelzow; Takanori Hara; Hisaki Hayashii; Andreas Heiss; Frederic Hemmer; Fabio Hernandez; Graham Heyes; Andre Holzner; Peter Igo-Kemenes; Toru Iijima; Joe Incandela; Roger Jones; Yves Kemp; Kerstin Kleese van Dam; Juergen Knobloch; David Kreincik; Kati Lassila-Perini; Francois Le Diberder; Sergey Levonian; Aharon Levy; Qizhong Li; Bogdan Lobodzinski; Marcello Maggi; Janusz Malka; Salvatore Mele; Richard Mount; Homer Neal; Jan Olsson; Dmitri Ozerov; Leo Piilonen; Giovanni Punzi; Kevin Regimbal; Daniel Riley; Michael Roney; Robert Roser; Thomas Ruf; Yoshihide Sakai; Takashi Sasaki; Gunar Schnell; Matthias Schroeder; Yves Schutz; Jamie Shiers; Tim Smith; Rick Snider; David M. South; Rick St. Denis; Michael Steder; Jos Van Wezel; Erich Varnes; Margaret Votava; Yifang Wang; Dennis Weygand; Vicky White; Katarzyna Wichmann; Stephen Wolbers; Masanori Yamauchi; Itay Yavin; Hans von der Schmitt

2012-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

411

Chicago Business Features Argonne Woman in Nuclear Physics | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Chicago Business Features Argonne Woman in Nuclear Physics Chicago Business Features Argonne Woman in Nuclear Physics Chicago Business Features Argonne Woman in Nuclear Physics January 9, 2012 - 4:08pm Addthis Kawtar Hafidi is an experimental nuclear physicist, working in the medium energy physics group at Argonne. Image courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory. Kawtar Hafidi is an experimental nuclear physicist, working in the medium energy physics group at Argonne. Image courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory. Chicago Business has the scoop about Kawtar Hafidi, an Argonne National Laboratory nuclear physicist who just snagged the Association for Women in Science's 2011 Innovator Award for her research in the field of the color of quarks. Hafidi is one of many women in science who's changing the equation to accomplish the Department's mission. At Argonne, she leads

412

Physics high-ranking Journals (category 2) Advances in Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics high-ranking Journals (category 2) Advances in Physics Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science Applied Physics Letters Astronomy & Astrophysics Astronomy and Astrophysics Review Astrophysical Journal European Physical Journal D. Atomic, Molecular

413

Experimental study of the effects of wakes on separation in low pressure turbine flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the underlying physics of the inception, onset, and extent of the separation zone. A detailed experimental study on the behavior of the separation zone on the suction surface of a highly loaded LPTblade under periodic unsteady wake flow is presented...

O?ztu?rk, Burak

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Physical Biosciences | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Physical Biosciences Physical Biosciences Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, & Biosciences (CSGB) Division CSGB Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs Scientific Highlights Reports & Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Physical Biosciences Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This research area combines experimental and computational tools from the physical sciences with biochemistry and molecular biology. A fundamental understanding of the complex processes that convert and store energy in living systems is sought. Research supported includes studies that investigate the mechanisms by which energy transduction systems are assembled and maintained, the processes that regulate energy-relevant

415

Top quarks as a probe for heavy new physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The heaviest fermion is expected to couple strongly to new physics and appears therefore as a natural probe in many BSM scenarios. Moreover, top physics has now entered in a precision era thanks to the huge amount of top quarks produced at hadron colliders, advanced experimental methods and accurate theoretical predictions. In this talk, we will used effective field theory to search for heavy new physics in a model independent way. This method can also be used to quantify the room left for new physics if no deviation from the SM is found.

Celine Degrande

2014-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

416

Experimental characterisation of nonlocal photon fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum gases of atoms and exciton-polaritons are nowadays a well established theoretical and experimental tool for fundamental studies of quantum many-body physics and suggest promising applications to quantum computing. Given their technological complexity, it is of paramount interest to devise other systems where such quantum many-body physics can be investigated at a lesser technological expense. Here we examine a relatively well-known system of laser light propagating through thermo-optical defocusing media: based on a hydrodynamical description of light as a quantum fluid of interacting photons, we propose such systems as a valid, room temperature alternative to atomic or exciton-polariton condensates for studies of many-body physics. First, we show that by using a technique traditionally used in oceanography, it is possible to perform a direct measurement of the single-particle part of the dispersion relation of the elementary excitations on top of the photon fluid and to detect its global flow. Then, ...

Vocke, David; Marino, Francesco; Wright, Ewan M; Carusotto, Iacopo; Faccio, Daniele

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Ph.D. Physics Program Ph.D. in Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ph.D. Physics Program Ph.D. in Physics Department(s) Physics and Astronomy College Sciences Program Assessment Coordinator Michael Pravica pravica@physics.unlv.edu 895-1723 Five-Year Implementation Dates (2010 for physics at the graduate level 4. understand statistical physics at the graduate level 5. perform

Hemmers, Oliver

418

THE PHYSICS MAJOR (Physics and Astronomy & Astrophysics Streams)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE PHYSICS MAJOR (Physics and Astronomy & Astrophysics Streams) Overview: Physics examines, to the behaviour of matter on the subatomic scale - and everything in between. Studying Physics at UWA gives you access to the frontiers of modern physics, built on the pillars of quantum physics and relativity. You

Tobar, Michael

419

BS in PHYSICSASTRONOMY (694832) MAP Sheet Department of Physics and Astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BS in PHYSICS­ASTRONOMY (694832) MAP Sheet Department of Physics and Astronomy For students Phscs 127 Descriptive Astronomy Phscs 140 Electronics Lab Phscs 145 Experimental Methods in Physics* Modern Physics Phscs 227 Solar System Astronomy Phscs 228 Stellar and Extragalactic Astronomy Phscs 230

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

420

Andrea Pietro Pocar Department of Physics, 418 Lederle Graduate Research Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Street, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA Research interests Experimental Nuclear and Particle Physics, with emphasis on Neutrino Physics: · neutrino-less double beta decay · solar neutrinos 2009- Assistant Professor of Physics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst 2004-2008 Research Associate

Mullin, William J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

On the physical basis of cosmic time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this manuscript we initiate a systematic examination of the physical basis for the time concept in cosmology. We discuss and defend the idea that the physical basis of the time concept is necessarily related to physical processes which could conceivably take place among the material constituents available in the universe. It is common practice to link the concept of cosmic time with a space-time metric set up to describe the universe at large scales, and then define a cosmic time $t$ as what is measured by a comoving standard clock. We want to examine, however, the physical basis for setting up a comoving reference frame and, in particular, what could be meant by a standard clock. For this purpose we introduce the concept of a `core' of a clock (which, for a standard clock in cosmology, is a scale-setting physical process) and we ask if such a core can--in principle--be found in the available physics contemplated in the various `stages' of the early universe. We find that a first problem arises above the quark-gluon phase transition (which roughly occurs when the cosmological model is extrapolated back to $\\sim 10^{-5}$ seconds) where there might be no bound systems left, and the concept of a physical length scale to a certain extent disappears. A more serious problem appears above the electroweak phase transition believed to occur at $\\sim 10^{-11}$ seconds. At this point the property of mass (almost) disappears and it becomes difficult to identify a physical basis for concepts like length scale, energy scale and temperature -- which are all intimately linked to the concept of time in modern cosmology. This situation suggests that the concept of a time scale in `very early' universe cosmology lacks a physical basis or, at least, that the time scale will have to be based on speculative new physics.

Svend Erik Rugh; Henrik Zinkernagel

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

422

Petrovay: Solar physics The solar cycle ACTIVE REGIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Petrovay: Solar physics The solar cycle ACTIVE REGIONS Large scale (up to 100 Mm) anomalies in the structure and radiation of the solar atmosphere. Photosphere : AR = cluster of strong magnetic flux tubes of facular points. Filamentary structure due to supergranulation. #12;Petrovay: Solar physics The solar cycle

Petrovay, Kristóf

423

Next generation Higgs bosons: Theory, constraints, and discovery prospects at the Large Hadron Collider  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Particle physics model building within the context of string theory suggests that further copies of the Higgs boson sector may be expected. Concerns regarding tree-level flavor-changing neutral currents are easiest to allay if little or no couplings of next generation Higgs bosons to standard model fermions are allowed. We detail the resulting general Higgs potential and mass spectroscopy in both a standard model extension and a supersymmetric extension. We present the important experimental constraints from meson-meson mixing, loop-induced b?s? decays, and LEP2 direct production limits. We investigate the energy range of the valid perturbation theory of these ideas. In the supersymmetric context we present a class of examples that marginally aids the fine-tuning problem for parameter space where the lightest Higgs boson mass is greater than the standard model limit of 114GeV. Finally, we study collider physics signatures generic to next generation Higgs bosons, with special emphasis on Ah?hhZ?4b+2l signal events, and describe the capability of discovery at the Large Hadron Collider.

Rick S. Gupta and James D. Wells

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

424

ORISE: Health physics services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Health physics services Health physics services Nuclear power plant The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) offers comprehensive health physics services in a number of technical areas for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), as well as other federal and state agencies. From radiological facility audits and reviews to dose modeling and technical evaluations, ORISE is nationally-recognized for its health physics support to decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) projects across the United States. Our health physics services include: Environmental survey Applied health physics projects We work with government agencies and organizations to identify, measure and assess the presence of radiological materials during the D&D process. ORISE

425

Encoding a logical qubit into physical qubits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose two protocols to encode a logical qubit into physical qubits relying on common types of qubit-qubit interactions in as simple forms as possible. We comment on its experimental implementation in several quantum computing architectures, e.g., with trapped atomic ion qubits, atomic qubits inside a high-Q optical cavity, solid-state Josephson junction qubits, and Bose-Einstein condensed atoms.

Zeng, B.; Xu, Z. [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Zhou, D.L.; You, L. [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China); School of Physics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States); Sun, C.P. [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China)

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Key Physical Mechanisms in Nanostructured Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the project was to study both theoretically and experimentally the excitation, recombination and transport properties required for nanostructured solar cells to deliver energy conversion efficiencies well in excess of conventional limits. These objectives were met by concentrating on three key areas, namely, investigation of physical mechanisms present in nanostructured solar cells, characterization of loss mechanisms in nanostructured solar cells and determining the properties required of nanostructured solar cells in order to achieve high efficiency and the design implications.

Dr Stephan Bremner

2010-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

427

physics_fest_map  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics Physics Fest in CEBAF Center * The Physics Fest runs from 10:00 AM to 12:00 noon * Buses drop-off and pick-up students in the CEBAF Center circle * Buses remaining on-site will be directed to parking areas by Jefferson Lab security * Private vehicles may park in any non-reserved/non-restricted space in any of the regular parking lots * The CEBAF Center receptionist can be reached at (757) 269-7100

428

Symmetries in physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The concept of symmetries in physics is briefly reviewed. In the first part of these lecture notes, some of the basic mathematical tools needed for the understanding of symmetries in nature are presented, namely group theory, Lie groups and Lie algebras, and Noether's theorem. In the second part, some applications of symmetries in physics are discussed, ranging from isospin and flavor symmetry to more recent developments involving the interacting boson model and its extension to supersymmetries in nuclear physics.

Roelof Bijker

2005-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

429

American Physical Society awards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for 2012 are: * William Anderson, Weapons Experiments division's Shock and Detonation Physics group, for significant contributions to the field of dynamic material...

430

Physical Protection Program Manual  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Supplements DOE O 473.1, by establishing requirements for the physical protection of safeguards and security interests. Cancels: DOE M 5632.1C-1

2002-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

431

Internships for Physics Majors  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Fermilab's IPM program offers ten-week summer internships to outstanding undergraduate physics majors. This program has been developed to familiarize students with opportunities at the frontiers of...

432

Physics at LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The prospects for physics at the LHC are discussed, starting with the foretaste, preparation (and perhaps scoop) provided by the Tevatron, in particular, and then continuing through the successive phases of LHC operation. These include the start-up phase, the early physics runs, the possible search for new physics in double diffraction, the continuation to nominal LHC running, and the possible upgrade of the LHC luminosity. Emphasis is placed on the prospects for Higgs physics and the search for supersymmetry. The progress and discoveries of the LHC will set the time-scale and agenda for the major future accelerator projects that will follow it.

John Ellis

2006-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

433

Cosmology and New Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A comparison of the standard models in particle physics and in cosmology demonstrates that they are not compatible, though both are well established. Basics of modern cosmology are briefly reviewed. It is argued that the measurements of the main cosmological parameters are achieved through many independent physical phenomena and this minimizes possible interpretation errors. It is shown that astronomy demands new physics beyond the frameworks of the (minimal) standard model in particle physics. More revolutionary modifications of the basic principles of the theory are also discussed.

A. D. Dolgov

2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

434

Nuclear Physics: Experiment Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search Nuclear Physics Program Please upgrade your browser. This site's design is only visible in a graphical browser that supports web standards, but its content is accessible to...

435

Nuclear Physics from QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effective field theories provide a bridge between QCD and nuclear physics. I discuss light nuclei from this perspective, emphasizing the role of fine-tuning.

U. van Kolck

2008-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

436

Nuclear Physics Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Office Data Acquisition Group Detector & Imaging Group Electronics Group User Liaison Nuclear Physics Program HALL A Hall A wide shot of detectors Scientists from across the...

437

Advances in Physical Chemistry  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hindawi Publishing Corporation Advances in Physical Chemistry Volume 2011, Article ID 907129, 18 pages doi:10.11552011907129 Review Article Contrast and Synergy between...

438

Capabilities for measuring physical and chemical properties of rocks at high pressure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Experimental Geophysics Group of the Earth Sciences Department at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has experimental equipment that measures a variety of physical properties and phase equilibria and kinetics on rocks and minerals at extreme pressures (to 500 GPa) and temperatures (from 10 to 2800 K). These experimental capabilities are described in this report in terms of published results, photographs, and schematic diagrams.

Durham, W.B. (comp.)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

LANL | Physics | Dynamic Plutonium Experiments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dynamic plutonium experiments Dynamic plutonium experiments Since the end of nuclear testing the nation has had to rely on sophisticated computer models to ensure the safety and reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile. This program is known as science-based stockpile stewardship. Despite possessing the world's fastest computers and most advanced modeling capability, the behavior of materials under dynamic loads that occur in a nuclear weapon are difficult to accurately model. The Dynamic Plutonium experimental program carries out experiments at the Nevada National Security Site on plutonium driven by high explosives. These experiments are needed to measure and understand the behavior of plutonium under extreme conditions. Physics Division has unique capabilities in high-speed x-ray imaging and velocimetry (measuring the

440

Handbook 2014 Department of Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Handbook 2014 Department of Physics S12 M01, 2 Science Drive 3, Singapore 117551 Tel: (65) 6516 2604 Fax: 6777 6126 www.physics.nus.edu.sg #12;research handbook 2014 department of physics #12;T;Profile of Faculty Members department of physics #12;7 ­ Physics Research Handbook Links »www.physics

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Building Survey Information Database of Buildings over 100 Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems research project, one of six research elements in the Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design of Small Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated

442

Physics Division progress report for period ending September 30, 1984  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The research activities of the Division are centered primarily in three areas: experimental nuclear physics, experimental atomic physics, and theoretical nuclear and atomic physics. The largest of these efforts, experimental nuclear physics, is dominated by the heavy ion research program. A major responsibility under this program is the operation of the Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility as a national user facility. During the period of this report, the facility has begun routine operation for the experimental program. The experimental atomic physics program has two components: the accelerator-based studies of basic collisional phenomena and the studies in support of the controlled fusion program. Also associated with the fusion-related studies are a plasma diagnostics program and the operation of an atomic physics data center. The theoretical physics program, both nuclear and atomic, is covered. This program has benefited this year from the success of the VAX-AP computer system and from the increase in manpower provided by the ORNL/University of Tennessee Distinguished Scientist Program. Smaller programs in applications and high-energy physics are summarized. During the period of this report, we continued to explore possible future extensions of the Holifield Facility. We retain a strong interest in a relativistic heavy-ion collider in the 10 x 10 GeV/nuclear energy range. The ideas for such a facility, described in last year's report, have been modified to utilize the HHIRF 25 MV tandem accelerator as the first stage. Finally, the report concludes with some general information on publications, Division activities, and personnel changes.

Livingston, A.B. (ed.)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

DOCTORAL PROGRAMME MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICS, Subprogramme PHYSICS,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of safety analysis and development of safety culture. Selected chapters on nuclear and reactor physics doc Safety Administration, Agency for Radioactive Waste Management and other organisations in the nuclear area. The nuclear Engineering module treats nuclear technology, operation, nuclear safety, reactor

?umer, Slobodan

444

Stabilization of Large Scale Structure by Adhesive Gravitational Clustering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interplay between gravitational and dispersive forces in a multi-streamed medium leads to an effect which is exposed in the present note as the genuine driving force of stabilization of large-scale structure. The conception of `adhesive gravitational clustering' is advanced to interlock the fairly well-understood epoch of formation of large-scale structure and the onset of virialization into objects that are dynamically in equilibrium with their large-scale structure environment. The classical `adhesion model' is opposed to a class of more general models traced from the physical origin of adhesion in kinetic theory.

Thomas Buchert

1999-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

445

LANL | Physics | Hydrodynamic Material Instabilities at extremes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Understanding hydrodynamic material instabilities at extremes Understanding hydrodynamic material instabilities at extremes The National Nuclear Security Administration science-based stockpile stewardship program funds research that will improve critical physics-based dynamic materials models. Los Alamos National Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, as nuclear weapon design laboratories, are mandated to predict the reliability and durability of the nuclear weapons stockpile. This is done using state-of-the-art supercomputers and computer codes. It is also important to have state-of-the-art physics models in these codes. Los Alamos has theory experts in dynamic materials, thus creating powerful working groups when combined with experimental experts in Physics Division and elsewhere. Key to the science-based stockpile stewardship program is making

446

Gas-dynamic trap: an overview of the concept and experimental results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A gas dynamic trap (GDT) is a version of a magnetic mirror whose characteristic features are a long mirror-to-mirror distance, which exceeds the effective mean free path of ion scattering into a loss cone, a large mirror ratio (R~100) and axial symmetry. Under these conditions, the plasma confined in a GDT is isotropic and Maxwellian. The rate at which it is lost out of the ends is governed by a set of simple gas-dynamic equations, hence the name of the device. Plasma magnetohydrodynamic stability is achieved through a plasma outflow through the end mirrors into regions, where the magnetic-field lines' curvature is favorable for this stability. A high flux volumetric neutron source based on a GDT is proposed, which benefits from the high ? achievable in magnetic mirrors. Axial symmetry also makes the GDT neutron source more maintainable and reliable, and technically simpler. This review discusses the results of a conceptual design of the GDT-based neutron source for fusion materials development and fissionfusion hybrids. The main physics issues related to plasma confinement and heating in a GDT are addressed by the experiments performed with the GDT device in Novosibirsk. The review concludes by updating the experimental results obtained, a discussion about the limiting factors in the current experiments and a brief description of the design of a future experimental device for more comprehensive modeling of the GDT-based neutron source.

A A Ivanov; V V Prikhodko

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Physics 141 & Physics 153 Laboratory Schedule -Physics 141 & 153 -Spring 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics 141 & Physics 153 i Laboratory Schedule - Physics 141 & 153 - Spring 2008 Monday Tuesday ­ No Labs! #12;Physics 141 & Physics 153 ii Lab Instructor Information Name: Office: Phone: Email: Mailbox: · Write your lab instructor's name on it · Give it to Theresa Sis, Main Physics Office, 116 Brace Lab

Farritor, Shane

448

1998 SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule Proposal Deadline Schedule Announcement Experimental Period Duration Tue, Nov 11, 17:00 Wed, Nov 12, '97 17:00 Mon, Nov 17, '97 18:00-Wed, Nov 19, '97 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Dec 01, '97 17:00 Tue, Dec 02, '97 13:00 Mon, Dec 08, '97 06:00-Wed, Dec 10, '97 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Jan 05, 17:00 Tue, Jan 06, 13:00 Mon, Jan 12, 18:00-Wed, Jan 14, 02:00 32 hrs Fri, Jan 16, 17:00 Tue, Jan 20, 13:00 Mon, Jan 26, 06:00-Wed, Jan 28, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Feb 02, 17:00 Tue, Feb 03, 13:00 Tue, Feb 10, 18:00-Thu, Feb 12, 02:00 32 hrs Tue, Feb 17, 17:00 Wed, Feb 18, 17:00 Mon, Feb 23, 06:00-Wed, Feb 25, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Mar 02, 17:00 Tue, Mar 03, 13:00 Mon, Mar 09, 18:00-Wed, Mar 11, 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Mar 16, 17:00 Tue, Mar 17, 13:00 Mon, Mar 23, 06:00-Wed, Mar 25, 02:00 44 hrs

449

1997 SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule Proposal Deadline Schedule Announcement Experimental Period Duration Mon, Nov 11, '96 17:00 Tue, Nov 12, '96 13:00 Tue, Nov 19, '96 15:00-Wed, Nov 20, '96 02:00 11 hrs Mon, Dec 02, '96 17:00 Tue, Dec 03, '96 13:00 Mon, Dec 09, '96 06:00-Wed, Dec 11, '96 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Jan 06, 17:00 Tue, Jan 07, 13:00 Mon, Jan 13, 18:00-Wed, Jan 15, 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Jan 20, 17:00 Tue, Jan 21, 13:00 Mon, Jan 27, 06:00-Wed, Jan 29, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Feb 03, 17:00 Tue, Feb 04, 13:00 Tue, Feb 11, 18:00-Thu, Feb 13, 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Feb 18, 09:30 Tue, Feb 18, 13:00 Mon, Feb 24, 06:00-Wed, Feb 26, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Mar 03, 17:00 Tue, Mar 04, 13:00 Mon, Mar 10, 18:00-Wed, Mar 12, 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Mar 17, 17:00 Tue, Mar 18, 13:00 Mon, Mar 24, 06:00-Wed, Mar 26, 02:00 44 hrs

450

2000 SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule Proposal Deadline Schedule Announcement Experimental Period Duration Mon, Nov 08, '99 17:00 Tue, Nov 09, '99 13:00 Mon, Nov 15, '99 18:00-Wed, Nov 17, '99 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Nov 29, '99 17:00 Tue, Nov 30, '99 13:00 Mon, Dec 06, '99 06:00-Wed, Dec 08, '99 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Jan 03, 17:00 Tue, Jan 04, 13:00 Mon, Jan 10, 18:00-Wed, Jan 12, 02:00 32 hrs Fri, Jan 14, 17:00 Tue, Jan 18, 13:00 Mon, Jan 24, 06:00-Wed, Jan 26, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Feb 14, 17:00 Tue, Feb 15, 17:00 Tue, Feb 22, 06:00-Thu, Feb 24, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Feb 28, 17:00 Tue, Feb 29, 13:00 Mon, Mar 06, 18:00-Wed, Mar 08, 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Mar 13, 17:00 Tue, Mar 14, 13:00 Mon, Mar 20, 06:00-Wed, Mar 22, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Apr 10, 17:00 Tue, Apr 11, 13:00 Mon, Apr 17, 06:00-Wed, Apr 19, 02:00 44 hrs

451

2002 SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule Proposal Deadline Schedule Announcement Experimental Period Duration Mon, Nov 05, '01 17:00 Tue, Nov 06, '01 13:00 Mon, Nov 12, '01 18:00-Wed, Nov 14, '01 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Dec 03, '01 17:00 Tue, Dec 04, '01 13:00 Mon, Dec 10, '01 06:00-Wed, Dec 12, '01 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Dec 17, '01 09:00 Tue, Dec 18, '01 13:00 Mon, Jan 07, 18:00-Wed, Jan 9, 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Jan 14, 12:00 Tue, Jan 15, 13:00 Tue, Jan 22, 06:00-Thu, Jan 24, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Jan 28, 17:00 Tue, Jan 29, 17:00 Tue, Feb 05, 18:00-Thu, Feb 07, 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Feb 11, 17:00 Tue, Feb 12, 17:00 Tue, Feb 19, 06:00-Wed, Feb 20, 02:00 20 hrs Mon, Feb 25, 17:00 Tue, Feb 26, 13:00 Mon, Mar 04, 18:00-Wed, Mar 06, 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Mar 11, 17:00 Tue, Mar 12, 13:00 Mon, Mar 18, 06:00-Wed, Mar 20, 02:00 44 hrs

452

Experiments in intermediate energy physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research in experimental nuclear physics was done from 1979 to 2002 primarily at intermediate energy facilities that provide pion, proton, and kaon beams. Particularly successful has been the work at the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) on unraveling the neutron and proton contributions to nuclear ground state and transition densities. This work was done on a wide variety of nuclei and with great detail on the carbon, oxygen, and helium isotopes. Some of the investigations involved the use of polarized targets which allowed the extraction of information on the spin-dependent part of the triangle-nucleon interaction. At the Indiana University Cyclotron Facility (IUCF) we studied proton-induced charge exchange reactions with results of importance to astrophysics and the nuclear few-body problem. During the first few years, the analysis of heavy-ion nucleus scattering data that had been taken prior to 1979 was completed. During the last few years we created hypernuclei by use of a kaon beam at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and an electron beam at Jefferson Laboratory (JLab). The data taken at BNL for a study of the non-mesonic weak decay of the A particle in a nucleus are still under analysis by our collaborators. The work at JLab resulted in the best resolution hypernuclear spectra measured thus far with magnetic spectrometers.

Dehnhard, D.

2003-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

453

1999 SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule 9 SSRL Accelerator Physics Schedule Proposal Deadline Schedule Announcement Experimental Period Duration Mon, Nov 30, '98 17:00 Tue, Dec 01, '98 13:00 Mon, Dec 07, '98 06:00-Wed, Dec 09, '98 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Jan 04, 17:00 Tue, Jan 05, 13:00 Mon, Jan 11, 18:00-Wed, Jan 13, 02:00 32 hrs Fri, Jan 15, 17:00 Tue, Jan 19, 13:00 Mon, Jan 25, 06:00-Wed, Jan 27, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Feb 01, 17:00 Tue, Feb 02, 13:00 Tue, Feb 09, 18:00-Thu, Feb 11, 02:00 32 hrs Tue, Feb 16, 17:00 Wed, Feb 17, 17:00 Mon, Feb 22, 06:00-Wed, Feb 24, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Mar 01, 17:00 Tue, Mar 02, 13:00 Mon, Mar 08, 18:00-Wed, Mar 10, 02:00 32 hrs Mon, Mar 15, 17:00 Tue, Mar 16, 13:00 Mon, Mar 22, 06:00-Wed, Mar 24, 02:00 44 hrs Mon, Apr 12, 17:00 Tue, Apr 13, 13:00 Mon, Apr 19, 06:00-Wed, Apr 21, 02:00 44 hrs

454

Noncommutative Two Time Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a classical formalism describing two-time physics with Abelian canonical gauge field backgrounds. The formalism can be used as a starting point for the construction of an interacting quantized two-time physics theory in a noncommutative soace-time.

W. Chagas-Filho

2006-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

455

Physics of Binary Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basic concepts of theoretical particle physics, including quantum mechanics and Poincar\\'e invariance, the leptonic mass spectrum and the proton mass, can be derived, without reference to first principles, from intrinsic properties of the simplest elements of information represented by binary data. What we comprehend as physical reality is, therefore, a reflection of mathematically determined logical structures, built from elements of binary data.

Walter Smilga

2005-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

456

Conference on Industrial Physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE first Conference on Industrial Physics to be held in Great Britain took place in Manchester under the ... auspices of the Institute of Physics on March 28-30. The subject chosen for the Conference was Vacuum Devices in Research and Industry, and its chief object was to ...

HERBERT R. LANG

1935-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

457

Lowx physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...experiment led to the concept of the nuclear atom (Geiger & Marsden 1909...for the experiments and the accelerator inherent in reducing either...the quantum numbers of the vacuum, Phil. Trans. R. Soc...graphs on Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics and Cosmology, vol...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

SC e-journals, Physics  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Physics Physics ACS Nano Acta Materialia Adsorption Advanced Composite Materials Advances in Condensed Matter Physics - OAJ Advances in Acoustics and Vibration - OAJ Advances in High Energy Physics - OAJ Advances in Materials Science and Engineering - OAJ Advances in Mathematical Physics - OAJ Advances in Optical Technologies - OAJ Advances in Optics and Photonics Advances in Tribology - OAJ American Journal of Physics, The Annalen der Physik Annales Henri Poincare Annals of Global Analysis and Geometry Annals of Nuclear Energy Annals of Physics Annual Review of Biophysics Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science Annual Review of Physical Chemistry Applied Optics Applied Physics A Applied Physics Letters Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback

459

Experimental testing of the variable rotated elastic parabolic Harry J. Simpsona)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental testing of the variable rotated elastic parabolic equation Harry J. Simpsona) Physical Street, Golden, Colorado 80401 Raymond J. Soukup Acoustics Division Code 7144, Naval Research Laboratory and the ability of the model to produce benchmark-quality agreement with experimental data [J. M. Collis et al., J

460

A large Hilbert space QRPA and RQRPA calculation of neutrinoless double beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A large Hilbert space is used for the calculation of the nuclear matrix elements governing the light neutrino mass mediated mode of neutrinoless double beta decay of Ge76, Mo100, Cd116, Te128 and Xe136 within the proton-neutron quasiparticle random phase approximation (pn-QRPA) and the renormalized QRPA with proton-neutron pairing (full-RQRPA) methods. We have found that the nuclear matrix elements obtained with the standard pn-QRPA for several nuclear transitions are extremely sensitive to the renormalization of the particle-particle component of the residual interaction of the nuclear hamiltonian. Therefore the standard pn-QRPA does not guarantee the necessary accuracy to allow us to extract a reliable limit on the effective neutrino mass. This behaviour, already known from the calculation of the two-neutrino double beta decay matrix elements, manifests itself in the neutrinoless double-beta decay but only if a large model space is used. The full-RQRPA, which takes into account proton-neutron pairing and considers the Pauli principle in an approximate way, offers a stable solution in the physically acceptable region of the particle-particle strength. In this way more accurate values on the effective neutrino mass have been deduced from the experimental lower limits of the half-lifes of neutrinoless double beta decay.

F. Simkovic; J. Schwieger; G. Pantis; Amand Faessler

1997-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Nuclear physics research at the University of Richmond. Progress report, November 1, 1994--October 31, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Summarized in this report is the progress achieved during the period from November 1, 1994 to October 31, 1995. The experimental work described in this report is in electromagnetic and heavy-ion nuclear physics. The effort in electromagnetic nuclear physics is in preparation for the research program at the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) and is focused on the construction and use of the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). The heavy-ion experiments were performed at the Argonne National Laboratory ATLAS facility and SUNY, Stony Brook. The physics interests driving these efforts at CEBAF are in the study of the structure, interactions, and nuclear-medium modifications of mesons and baryons. This year, an extension of the experiment to measure the magnetic form factor of the neutron was approved by the CEBAF Program Advisory Committee Nine (PAC9) for beam at 6 GeV. The authors also submitted updates to PAC9 on the experiments to measure inclusive {eta} photoproduction in nuclei and electroproduction of the {Lambda}, {Lambda}*(1520), and f{sub 0}(975). In addition to these experiments, the authors collaborated on a proposal to measure rare radiative decays of the {phi} meson which was also approved by PAC9. Their contributions to the construction of the CLAS include the development of the drift-chamber gas system, drift-chamber software, and controls software. Major has been leading the effort in the construction of the gas system. In the last year, the Hall B gas shed was constructed and the installation of the gas system components built at the University of Richmond has begun. Over the last six years, the efforts in low-energy heavy-ion physics have decreased due to the change in focus to electromagnetic nuclear physics at CEBAF. Most of the heavy-ion work is completed and there are now new experiments planned. Included in this report are two papers resulting from collaborations on heavy-ion experiments.

Vineyard, M.F.; Gilfoyle, G.P.; Major, R.W.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

462

UNIRIB: Physics Topics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics Topics Physics Topics Research Capitalizing on the strengths of nine collaborating research universities and the world-class equipment available at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), the University Radioactive Ion Beam (UNIRIB) consortium is conducting research at the forefront of nuclear physics. UNIRIB, a division of the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE), brings together researchers from around the world to study the short-lived, exotic nuclei that are involved in astrophysical processes. UNIRIB researchers participate in many of the nuclear physics experiments carried out at HRIBF. UNIRIB researchers are presently leading the following physics topics. To view these files, you will need the Adobe Reader, which is available free

463

New physics from the Cosmic Microwave Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I review the present status of the Cosmic Microwave Background, with some emphasis on the current and future implications for particle physics. Conclusions are: gravitational instability in a dark matter dominated universe grew today's structure; the Universe remained neutral until z<~50; the CMB power spectrum peaks at 150<~l<~350; the large-scale structure of spacetime appears to be simple; something like inflation is something like proven; we will learn a great deal about cosmology, astrophysics and particle physics from MAP and Planck.

Douglas Scott

1999-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

464

M.S. Physics Program M.S. in Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M.S. Physics Program M.S. in Physics Department(s) Physics and Astronomy College Sciences 1 for later reference. 1. understanding of a variety of fields of physics at the graduate level 2. performance of a physics research project suitable for a masters thesis 3. ability to communicate scientific research

Hemmers, Oliver

465

On the physical basis of cosmic time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this manuscript we initiate a systematic examination of the physical basis for the time concept in cosmology. We discuss and defend the idea that the physical basis of the time concept is necessarily related to physical processes which could conceivably take place among the material constituents available in the universe. It is common practice to link the concept of cosmic time with a space-time metric set up to describe the universe at large scales, and then define a cosmic time $t$ as what is measured by a comoving standard clock. We want to examine, however, the physical basis for setting up a comoving reference frame and, in particular, what could be meant by a standard clock. For this purpose we introduce the concept of a `core' of a clock (which, for a standard clock in cosmology, is a scale-setting physical process) and we ask if such a core can--in principle--be found in the available physics contemplated in the various `stages' of the early universe. We find that a first problem arises above the q...

Rugh, Svend Erik

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Newly Available Reactor Physics Benchmark data in the March 2011 Edition of the IRPhEP Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation Project (IRPhEP) was established to preserve integral reactor physics experimental data, including separate or special effects data for nuclear energy and technology applications. Numerous experiments that have been performed worldwide, represent a large investment of infrastructure, expertise, and cost, and are valuable resources of data for present and future research. These valuable assets provide the basis for recording, development, and validation of methods. If the data are compromised, it is unlikely that any of these measurements would be repeated in the future. The purpose of the IRPhEP is to provide an extensively peer-reviewed set of reactor physics-related integral data that can be used by reactor designers and safety analysts to validate the analytical tools used to design next-generation reactors and establish the safety basis for operation of these reactors. Contributors from around the world collaborate in the evaluation and review of selected benchmark experiments for inclusion in the International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments (IRPhEP Handbook). Several new evaluations have been prepared for inclusion in the March 2011 edition of the IRPhEP Handbook.

John D. Bess; J. Blair Briggs; Jim Gulliford

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Toroidal field coil replacement study for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to develop an estimate of the time required to replace a failed toroidal field (TF) coil in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). This estimate is based on the current ITER design which resulted from the Conceptual Design Activities began in spring of 1988 and ending in December 1990. Although the TF Coils in ITER are designated permanent components and expected to last the life of the plant, the history of failures of large coils in fusion devices has prompted an assessment of the down time that might be required for replacement of a failed TF coil in ITER. The difficulty of replacement of a TF Coil in ITER is compounded by the large physical size of ITER, and the radiation fields which necessitate the use of remote handling equipment for most maintenance activities. Since 10 out of 16 TF coils are adjacent to either a Neutral Beam Injector (NBI) port or a remote handling (RH) port, it is probable that a failed TF Coil will be in one of these inconvenient locations. For this study, TF coil number 3 is assumed to fail and its replacement will be evaluated as a typical case. TF coil number 3 is located between a remote handling port ({number sign}3) and a port allocated to the lower hybrid ({number sign}4).

Not Available

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Toroidal field coil replacement study for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to develop an estimate of the time required to replace a failed toroidal field (TF) coil in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). This estimate is based on the current ITER design which resulted from the Conceptual Design Activities began in spring of 1988 and ending in December 1990. Although the TF Coils in ITER are designated permanent components and expected to last the life of the plant, the history of failures of large coils in fusion devices has prompted an assessment of the down time that might be required for replacement of a failed TF coil in ITER. The difficulty of replacement of a TF Coil in ITER is compounded by the large physical size of ITER, and the radiation fields which necessitate the use of remote handling equipment for most maintenance activities. Since 10 out of 16 TF coils are adjacent to either a Neutral Beam Injector (NBI) port or a remote handling (RH) port, it is probable that a failed TF Coil will be in one of these inconvenient locations. For this study, TF coil number 3 is assumed to fail and its replacement will be evaluated as a typical case. TF coil number 3 is located between a remote handling port ({number_sign}3) and a port allocated to the lower hybrid ({number_sign}4).

Not Available

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

MULTIVESSEL BATCH DISTILLATION EXPERIMENTAL VERIFICATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MULTIVESSEL BATCH DISTILLATION ­ EXPERIMENTAL VERIFICATION Bernd Wittgens and Sigurd Skogestad 1 The experimental verification of the operation of a multivessel batch distillation column, operated under total vessels, provides a generalization of previously proposed batch distillation schemes. We propose a simple

Skogestad, Sigurd

470

LARGE-APERTURE D- ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vignetted current profile at accelerator entrance aperture 'LARGE-APERTURE D" ACCELERATORS* 0. A. Anderson" " Lawrencen i a 9-1720 Abstract Accelerator designs are described for

Anderson, O.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

LANL | Physics | Quantum Information  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Breakthrough quantum information Breakthrough quantum information science and technology Physics Division's quantum information science and technology capability supports present and future Laboratory missions in cyber-security, sensing, nonproliferation, information science, and materials. Collaborating with researchers throughout Los Alamos and leading institutions in the nation, Physics Division scientists are involved in projects in quantum communications, including quantum key distribution and quantum-enabled security and networking, and in quantum cold-atom physics. Recent fundamental science results include the ability to "paint" potentials that can trap Bose-Einstein condensates into geometric forms, such as the toroidal ring of clusters, the density of which is measured in

472

Particle Physics at Discovery's Horizon  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

uslhc.us uslhc.us Particle Physics at Discovery's Horizon September 2012 Discoveries from the Compact Muon Solenoid experiment at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland, promise to rev- olutionize our understanding of the universe. With more than 1000 participants from 49 institutions across the country, US CMS is the largest national group in the 3,600-member international CMS collaboration. Supported by the US Department of Energy's Office of Science and the National Science Foundation, the US CMS collaboration consists of more than 430 physicists, nearly 200 graduate students and more than 300 engineers, tech- nicians and computer scientists. The US CMS collaboration plays a vital role in the operation of the CMS detector and analysis of data from LHC collisions. US groups

473

Charged-Particle Thermonuclear Reaction Rates: III. Nuclear Physics Input  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nuclear physics input used to compute the Monte Carlo reaction rates and probability density functions that are tabulated in the second paper of this series (Paper II) is presented. Specifically, we publish the input files to the Monte Carlo reaction rate code RatesMC, which is based on the formalism presented in the first paper of this series (Paper I). This data base contains overwhelmingly experimental nuclear physics information. The survey of literature for this review was concluded in November 2009.

Christian Iliadis; Richard Longland; Art Champagne; Alain Coc

2010-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

474

Physics 112 Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics Winter 2000 COURSE OUTLINE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics 112 Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics Winter 2000 COURSE OUTLINE TOPIC READINGS 1 and probability theory can be found in Chapter 16 of Mathematical Methods in the Physical Sciences, by Mary L

California at Santa Cruz, University of

475

Physics Topics - Rotating Wall Machine - UW Plasma Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics Topics UW Madison Line Tied Reconnection Experiment Physics Topics LTRX HomeResearch MissionLTRX DevicePhysics TopicsDiagnosticsLTRX GalleryLTRX People CPLA Home Directory...

476

PHYSICS WITH AND PHYSICS OF COLLIDING ELECTRON BEAMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contributed so much to the physics of colliding beams, theyto reap so little from the physics with colliding beams.Conference on High-Energy Physics, Vienna" September 1968 (

Pellegrini, Claudio

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY UNIVERSITY OF UTAH Fall 2012 Version 2012 .................................................................................... 11 3.1. Ph.D. in Physics 12 3.1.1. Astronomy & Astrophysics

Tipple, Brett

478

PROPOSAL FOR AN EXPERIMENT PROGRAM IN NEUTRINO PHYSICS AND PROTON DECAY IN THE HOMESTAKE LABORATORY.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is intended to describe first, the principal physics reasons for an ambitious experimental program in neutrino physics and proton decay based on construction of a series of massive water Cherenkov detectors located deep underground (4850 ft) in the Homestake Mine of the South Dakota Science and Technology Authority (SDSTA); and second, the engineering design of the underground chambers to house the Cherenkov detector modules; and third, the conceptual design of the water Cherenkov detectors themselves for this purpose. In this proposal we show the event rates and physics sensitivity for beams from both FNAL (1300 km distant from Homestake) and BNL (2540 km distant from Homestake). The program we propose will benefit with a beam from FNAL because of the high intensities currently available from the Main Injector with modest upgrades. The possibility of tuning the primary proton energy over a large range from 30 to 120 GeV also adds considerable flexibility to the program from FNAL. On the other hand the beam from BNL over the larger distance will produce very large matter effects, and consequently a hint of new physics (beyond CP violation) can be better tested with that configuration. In this proposal we focus on the CP violation physics. Included in this document are preliminary costs and time-to-completion estimates which have been exposed to acknowledged experts in their respective areas. This presentation is not, however, to be taken as a technical design report with the extensive documentation and contingency costs that a TDR usually entails. Nevertheless, some contingency factors have been included in the estimates given here. The essential ideas expressed here were first laid out in a letter of intent to the interim director of the Homestake Laboratory on July 26, 2001. Since that time, the prospect of a laboratory in the Homestake Mine has been realized, and the design of a long baseline neutrino experiment has been refined. The extrapolation contained in this proposal is within the common domain of thinking in the area of physics discussed here. It needs now only the encouragement of the funding agencies, NSF and DOE.

DIWAN, M.; KETTELL, S.; LITTENBERG, W.; MARIANO, W.; PARSA, Z.; SAMIOS, N.; WHITE, S.; ET AL.

2006-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

479

Physical Properties of Intermetallic FE2VA1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fe{sub 2}VAl has recently been discovered to have a negative temperature coefficient of resistivity, moderately enhanced specific heat coefficient, and a large DOS at the Fermi level by photoemission. This triggered a round of heated research to understand the ground state of this material, both theoretically and experimentally. here they report a comprehensive characterization of Fe{sub 2}VAl. X-ray diffraction exhibited appreciable antisite disorder in all of our samples. FTIR spectroscopy measurements showed that the carrier density and scattering time had little sample-to-sample variation or temperature dependence for near-stoichiometric samples. FTIR and DC resistivity suggest that the transport properties of Fe{sub 2}VAl are influenced by both localized and delocalized carriers, with the former primarily responsible for the negative temperature coefficient of resistivity. Magnetization measurements reveal that near-stoichiometric samples have superparamagnetic clusters with at least two sizes of moments. X-ray photoemission from Fe core level showed localized magnetic moments on site-exchanged Fe. They conclude that in Fe{sub 2}VAl, antisite disorder causes significant modification to the semi-metallic band structure proposed by LDA calculations. With antisite disorder considered, they are now able to explain most of the physical properties of Fe{sub 2}VAl.

Ye Feng

2002-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

480

Physics data base for the beam plasma neutron source (BPNS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 14-MeV deuterium-tritium (D-T) neutron source for accelerated end-of-life testing of fusion reactor materials has been designed on the basis of a linear two-component collisional plasma system. An intense flux (up to 5 {times} 10{sup 18}/m{sup 2}{center dot}s) of 14-MeV neutrons is produced in a fully ionized high-density (n{sub e} {approx equal} 3 {times} 10{sup 21} m{sup {minus}3}) tritium target by transverse injection of 60 MW of neutral beam power. Power deposited in the target is removed by thermal electron conduction to large end chambers, where it is deposited in gaseous plasma collectors. We show in this paper that the major physics issues have now been experimentally demonstrated. These include magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equilibrium and stability, microstability, startup, fueling, Spitzer electron thermal conductivity, and power deposition in a gaseous plasma collector. However, an integrated system has not been demonstrated. 28 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

Coensgen, F.H.; Casper, T.A.; Correll, D.L.; Damm, C.C.; Futch, A.H.; Molvik, A.W.

1990-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large experimental physics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

LHC Physics Center | (none)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics Center Physics Center Fermilab Home Visit LPC Physics Programs LPC Guest and Visitors HATS@LPC, Workshops and CMSDAS Jet-Substructure HATS CMS Data Analysis School 2013 CMS Data Analysis School 2012 CMS Data Analysis School 2011 EJTERM (CMS Data Analysis School 2010) Confronting Theory with Experiment: November 2011 Standard Model Benchmarks at the Tevatron and LHC Standard Model Benchmarks at High-Energy Hadron Colliders GED workshop 20-22 Aug, 2012 Topic of the Week Upcoming Past Speakers Archive Program Info LPC Physics Forum LPC Snowmass Efforts The INFIERI Project Fellows LPC Fellows Program Newsletter - LPC Fellows LPC Fellows - 2014 LPC Fellows - 2013 LPC Fellows - 2012 LPC Fellows - 2011 Community Faces of the LPC LPC Fellows - Current LPC Coffee Hour Calendar LPC Conf. Room Calendar

482

Courses on Beam Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Beam Physics Beam Physics The following is an incomplete listing of course available for beam physics. United States Particle Accelerator School The US Particle Accelerator School provides educational programs in the field of beams and their associated accelerator technologies not otherwise available to the community of science and technology. Joint Universities Accelerator School Each year JUAS provides a foundation course on accelerator physics and associated technologies. The US-CERN-Japan-Russia Joint Accelerator School The purpose of the US-CERN-Japan-Russia joint school is to better our relations by working together on an advanced topical course every two years, alternating between the U.S., western Europe, Japan and Russia. The last set of courses focused on the frontiers of accelerator technology in

483

Physical process Mechanical mechanisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Physical process Generation · Mechanical mechanisms F = m·a · Electric/Magnetic mechanisms F ­ Quadrupoles......shear stress fluctuations ­ High order poles...... phys. interpretation difficult Governing

Berlin,Technische Universität

484

Argonne Physics Division - ATLAS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

States Naval Academy hartley@usna.edu Mark Riley Florida State University mriley@physics.fsu.edu Alan Wuosmaa (chair) University of Connecticut alan.wuosmaa@uconn.edu The...

485

Introduction to flavor physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This set of lectures covers the very basics of flavor physics and are aimed to be an entry point to the subject. A lot of problems are provided in the hope of making the manuscript a self study guide.

Yuval Grossman

2010-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

486

Review of Particle Physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This biennial Review summarizes much of Particle Physics. Using data from previous editions, plus 1600 new measurements from 550 papers, we list, evaluate, and average measured properties of gauge bosons, leptons...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Current Physics Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...MARKS, R.H., MAY CONV NAT MICR AS ( 1971 ). ROBERTS, L.G., AFIPS C P 36 : 543 ( 1970 ). ZIMAN, J.M., INFORMATION, COMMUNICATION, KNOWLEDGE, NATURE 224 : 318 ( 1969 ). Current physics information. | A new concept in science...

H. William Koch

1971-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

488

Nuclear Physics | Jefferson Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Proposal PAC Review Scheduling Processes top-right bottom-left-corner bottom-right-corner Nuclear Physics Scientists from across the country and around the world use the Thomas...

489

ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS METHODS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Physics Reader: Árpád Zoltán Kiss Professor Emeritus, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Nuclear, dosimetry, ionizing radiation, radon, gamma- spectroscopy, positron emission tomography. SUMMARY

Horváth, Ákos

490

Physical Protection Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Establishes Department of Energy management objectives, requirements and responsibilities for the physical protection of safeguards and security interests. Cancels DOE 5632.1C. Canceled by DOE O 470.4.

2002-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

491

Director, Physics Research Division  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of the Deputy Director for Science Programs, Office of Nuclear Physics is seeking a motivated and highly qualified individual to service as the...

492

Physical chemistry - Thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Physical chemistry - Thermodynamics ... A style of question that allows the instructor of thermodynamics to cover a wide range of material at varying levels of achievement in a reasonable period of time. ... Thermodynamics ...

Jack Richlin

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Furth Plasma Physics Libary  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Contacts Hours Online Access Directions Contacts Hours Online Access Directions QuickFind Main Catalog Databases PPPL Publications & Reports/PPLcat Plasma Physics E-Journals clear Click arrows to scroll for more clear Plasma Physics Colloquia The Global Carbon Cycle and Earth's Climate - January 15, 2014 Addressing Big Data Challenges in Simulation-based Science - January 22, 2014 "The Usefulness of Useless Knowledge?: The History of the Institute for Advanced Study - January 29, 2014 PM-S-1 PDF PM-S-2 PDF PM-S-3 PDF PM-S-4 PDF PM-S-5 PDF PM-S-6 PDF See All Library History Intro 950 1960-1970 1980 1990 2000 Quick Order Article Express Borrow Direct Interlibrary Loan PPL Book Request More Resources and Services Search & Find Articles & Databases - Plasma Physics, Physics, Engineering & Technology,

494

Physics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Physics Physics Physics On January 13, 2012, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory senior scientist Dr. Saul Perlmutter spoke with Energy Department staff about his research that earned him a 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics. Featured Dark Energy Cam: Fermilab Expands Understanding of Expanding Universe Researchers at Fermi National Lab team stand beside the 570-megapixels, five-ton Dark Energy camera, which will be capable of measuring the expansion of the universe - and developing better models about how dark energy works. | Photo by Reidar Hahn, Fermi National Lab In Dark Energy science, scientists have found flaws in accepted theories using them to build even better models of how nature actually works. Higgs Boson May Be Within Sight

 Physicists from the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)

495

Energy Physics Advisory Panel met at Fermilab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Charged with recommending how best to Charged with recommending how best to position the U.S. particle physics community for new facilities beyond CERN's Large Hadron Collider, a subpanel of the High- Energy Physics Advisory Panel met at Fermilab August 14-16 to hear presentations on such topics as the research agenda for Fermilab's Run II, the complicated upgrades to the CDF and DZero detectors and research on future accelerators. Volume 20 Friday, August 29, 1997 Number 17 Photo by Reidar Hahn HEPAP Looks into the Future HEPAP subpanel meets at Fermilab to chart the future of high-energy physics in the U.S. by Donald Sena and Sharon Butler, Office of Public Affairs In a letter to HEPAP, Martha Krebs, Director of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Research, directed the subpanel to "recommend a scenario for an

496

Electroweak physics and physics beyond the Standard Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We summarize the recent results on electroweak physics and physics beyond the Standard Model that have been presented at the XIV International Workshop on Deep Inelastic Scattering 2006.

L. Bellagamba; E. Sauvan; H. Spiesberger

2006-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

497

The Institute of Physics and the Physical Society  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... transfer of the assets of the Society to the newly amalgamated body, the Institute of Physics and the Physical Society, were unanimously carried.

1960-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

498

Experimental verification of dimensional analysis for hydraulic fracturing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors have derived model laws that relate experimental parameters of a physical model of hydraulic fracture propagation to the prototype parameters. Correct representation of elastic deformation, fluid friction, crack propagation, and fluid leakoff forms the basis of the scaling laws. For tests at in-situ stress, high fluid viscosity and low fracture toughness are required. Tests on cement blocks agreed with the scale laws based on elastic behavior.

Pater, C.J. de; Weijers, L. (Delft Univ. of Technology (Netherlands)); Cleary, M.P.; Quinn, T.S. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States)); Barr, D.T.; Johnson, D.E. (Resources Engineering Systems, Inc., Cambridge, MA (United States))

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

CP Violation in B Meson Decays: Experimental Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CP violation is intimately connected with the puzzle of matter-antimatter asymmetry and baryogenesis. In the Standard Model of particle physics, the observed CP violation phenomena are accounted for by the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism involving a phase in the quark mixing matrix. This paper is devoted to a review of the experimental status of CP violation in the decays of B mesons.

Lanceri, Livio; /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste

2005-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

500

Research in high energy physics. Annual technical progress report, December 1, 1993--November 30, 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high energy physics research program at the University of Hawaii is directed toward the study of the properties of the elementary particles and the application of the results of these studies to the understanding of the physical world. Experiments using high energy accelerators are aimed at searching for new particles, testing current theories, and measuring properties of the known particles. Experiments using cosmic rays address particle physics and astrophysical issues. Theoretical physics research evaluates experimental results in the context of existing theories and projects the experimental consequences of proposed new theories.

Olsen, S.L.; Tata, X.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z