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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Locating RF Emitters with Large UAV Teams Paul Scerri, Robin Glinton, Sean Owens and Katia Sycara  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Locating RF Emitters with Large UAV Teams Paul Scerri, Robin Glinton, Sean Owens and Katia Sycara efficient way for a team of UAVs with Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) sen- sors to locate radio locations requires integrating multiple signals from different UAVs into a Bayesian filter, hence requir

Scerri, Paul

2

Thermophotovoltaic conversion using selective infrared line emitters and large band gap photovoltaic devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Efficient thermophotovoltaic conversion can be performed using photovoltaic devices with a band gap in the 0.75-1.4 electron volt range, and selective infrared emitters chosen from among the rare earth oxides which are thermally stimulated to emit infrared radiation whose energy very largely corresponds to the aforementioned band gap. It is possible to use thermovoltaic devices operating at relatively high temperatures, up to about 300.degree. C., without seriously impairing the efficiency of energy conversion.

Brandhorst, Jr., Henry W. (Auburn, AL); Chen, Zheng (Auburn, AL)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Locating RF Emitters with Large UAV Teams Paul Scerri, Robin Glinton, Sean Owens, Steven Okamoto and Katia Sycara  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Locating RF Emitters with Large UAV Teams Paul Scerri, Robin Glinton, Sean Owens, Steven Okamoto The rapidly improving availability of small, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and their ever reducing cost is leading to considerable interest in multi-UAV applications. How- ever, while UAVs have become smaller

Scerri, Paul

4

The exceptionally powerful TeV gamma-ray emitters in the Large Magellanic Cloud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way, has been observed with the High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.) above an energy of 100 billion electron volts for a deep exposure of 210 hours. Three sources of different types were detected: the pulsar wind nebula of the most energetic pulsar known N 157B, the radio-loud supernova remnant N 132D and the largest non-thermal X-ray shell - the superbubble 30 Dor C. The unique object SN 1987A is, surprisingly, not detected, which constrains the theoretical framework of particle acceleration in very young supernova remnants. These detections reveal the most energetic tip of a gamma-ray source population in an external galaxy, and provide via 30 Dor C the unambiguous detection of gamma-ray emission from a superbubble.

:,; Aharonian, F; Benkhali, F Ait; Akhperjanian, A G; Angüner, E O; Backes, M; Balenderan, S; Balzer, A; Barnacka, A; Becherini, Y; Becker-Tjus, J; Berge, D; Bernhard, S; Bernlöhr, K; Birsin, E; Biteau, J; Böttcher, M; Boisson, C; Bolmont, J; Bordas, P; Bregeon, J; Brun, F; Brun, P; Bryan, M; Bulik, T; Carrigan, S; Casanova, S; Chadwick, P M; Chakraborty, N; Chalme-Calvet, R; Chaves, R C G; Chrétien, M; Colafrancesco, S; Cologna, G; Conrad, J; Couturier, C; Cui, Y; Dalton, M; Davids, I D; Degrange, B; Deil, C; de Wilt, P; Djannati-Ataï, A; Domainko, W; Donath, A; Drury, L O'C; Dubus, G; Dutson, K; Dyks, J; Dyrda, M; Edwards, T; Egberts, K; Eger, P; Espigat, P; Farnier, C; Fegan, S; Feinstein, F; Fernandes, M V; Fernandez, D; Fiasson, A; Fontaine, G; Förster, A; ling, M Füß; Gabici, S; Gajdus, M; Gallant, Y A; Garrigoux, T; Giavitto, G; Giebels, B; Glicenstein, J F; Gottschall, D; Grondin, M -H; Grudzi?ska, M; Hadasch, D; Häffner, S; Hahn, J; Harris, J; Heinzelmann, G; Henri, G; Hermann, G; Hervet, O; Hillert, A; Hinton, J A; Hofmann, W; Hofverberg, P; Holler, M; Horns, D; Ivascenko, A; Jacholkowska, A; Jahn, C; Jamrozy, M; Janiak, M; Jankowsky, F; Jung, I; Kastendieck, M A; Katarzy?ski, K; Katz, U; Kaufmann, S; Khélifi, B; Kieffer, M; Klepser, S; Klochkov, D; Klu?niak, W; Kolitzus, D; Komin, Nu; Kosack, K; Krakau, S; Krayzel, F; Krüger, P P; Laffon, H; Lamanna, G; Lefaucheur, J; Lefranc, V; Lemière, A; Lemoine-Goumard, M; Lenain, J -P; Lohse, T; Lopatin, A; Lu, C -C; Marandon, V; Marcowith, A; Marx, R; Maurin, G; Maxted, N; Mayer, M; McComb, T J L; Méhault, J; Meintjes, P J; Menzler, U; Meyer, M; Mitchell, A M W; Moderski, R; Mohamed, M; Morå, K; Moulin, E; Murach, T; de Naurois, M; Niemiec, J; Nolan, S J; Oakes, L; Odaka, H; Ohm, S; Opitz, B; Ostrowski, M; Oya, I; Panter, M; Parsons, R D; Arribas, M Paz; Pekeur, N W; Pelletier, G; Perez, J; Petrucci, P -O; Peyaud, B; Pita, S; Poon, H; Pühlhofer, G; Punch, M; Quirrenbach, A; Raab, S; Reichardt, I; Reimer, A; Reimer, O; Renaud, M; Reyes, R de los; Rieger, F; Rob, L; Romoli, C; Rosier-Lees, S; Rowell, G; Rudak, B; Sahakian, C B Rulten V; Salek, D; Sanchez, D A; Santangelo, A; Schlickeiser, R; Schüssler, F; Schulz, A; Schwanke, U; Schwarzburg, S; Schwemmer, S; Sol, H; Spanier, F; Spengler, G; Spies, F; Stawarz, ?; Steenkamp, R; Stegmann, C; Stinzing, F; Stycz, K; Sushch, I; Tavernet, J -P; Tavernier, T; Taylor, A M; Terrier, R; Tluczykont, M; Trichard, C; Valerius, K; van Eldik, C; van Soelen, B; Vasileiadis, G; Veh, J; Venter, C; Viana, A; Vincent, P; Vink, J; Völk, H J; Volpe, F; Vorster, M; Vuillaume, T; Wagner, S J; Wagner, P; Wagner, R M; Ward, M; Weidinger, M; Weitzel, Q; White, R; Wierzcholska, A; Willmann, P; Wörnlein, A; Wouters, D; Yang, R; Zabalza, V; Zaborov, D; Zacharias, M; Zdziarski, A A; Zech, A; Zechlin, H -S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Large-area fabrication of high aspect ratio tantalum photonic crystals for high-temperature selective emitters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The authors present highly selective emitters based on two-dimensional tantalum (Ta) photonic crystals, fabricated on 2 in. polycrystalline Ta substrates, for high-temperature applications, e.g., thermophotovoltaic energy ...

Rinnerbauer, Veronika

6

Visible Spectrum Incandescent Selective Emitter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the work performed was to demonstrate the feasibility of a novel bi-layer selective emitter. Selective emitters are incandescent radiant bodies with emissivities that are substantially larger in a selected part of the radiation spectrum, thereby significantly shifting their radiated spectral distribution from that of a blackbody radiating at the same temperature. The major research objectives involved answering the following questions: (1) What maximum VIS/NIR radiant power and emissivity ratios can be attained at 2650 K? (2) What is the observed emitter body life and how does its performance vary with time? (3) What are the design tradeoffs for a dual heating approach in which both an internally mounted heating coil and electrical resistance self-heating are used? (4) What are the quantitative improvements to be had from utilizing a bi-layer emitter body with a low emissivity inner layer and a partially transmissive outer layer? Two approaches to obtaining selective emissivity were investigated. The first was to utilize large optical scattering within an emitter material with a spectral optical absorption that is much greater within the visible spectrum than that within the NIR. With this approach, an optically thick emitter can radiate almost as if optically thin because essentially, scattering limits the distance below the surface from which significant amounts of internally generated radiation can emerge. The performance of thin emitters was also investigated (for optically thin emitters, spectral emissivity is proportional to spectral absorptivity). These emitters were fabricated from thin mono-layer emitter rods as well as from bi-layer rods with a thin emitter layer mounted on a substrate core. With an initially estimated energy efficiency of almost three times that of standard incandescent bulbs, a number of energy, economic and environmental benefits such as less energy use and cost, reduced CO{sub 2} emissions, and no mercury contamination was initially projected. The work performed provided answers to a number of important questions. The first is that, with the investigated approaches, the maximum sustained emitter efficiencies are about 1.5 times that of a standard incandescent bulb. This was seen to be the case for both thick and thin emitters, and for both mono-layer and bi-layer designs. While observed VIS/NIR ratios represent improvements over standard incandescent bulbs, it does not appear sufficient to overcome higher cost (i.e. up to five times that of the standard bulb) and ensure commercial success. Another result is that high temperatures (i.e. 2650 K) are routinely attainable without platinum electrodes. This is significant for reducing material costs. A novel dual heating arrangement and insulated electrodes were used to attain these temperatures. Another observed characteristic of the emitter was significant grain growth soon after attaining operating temperatures. This is an undesirable characteristic that results in substantially less optical scattering and spectral selectivity, and which significantly limits emitter efficiencies to the values reported. Further work is required to address this problem.

Sonsight Inc.

2004-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

7

Thermionic converter emitter support arrangement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A support is presented for use in a thermionic converted to support an end of an emitter to keep it out of contact with a surrounding collector while allowing the emitter end to move axially at its temperatures changes. The emitter end is supported by a spring structure that includes a pair of Belleville springs, and the spring structure is supported by a support structure fixed to the housing that includes the collector. The support structure is in the form of a sandwich with a small metal spring-engaging element at the front end, a large metal main support at the rear end that is attached to the housing, and metal main support. The spring structure can include a loose wafer captured between the Belleville springs.

Allen, D.T.

1990-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

8

Photonically Engineered Incandescent Emitter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photonically engineered incandescence is disclosed. The emitter materials and photonic crystal structure can be chosen to modify or suppress thermal radiation above a cutoff wavelength, causing the emitter to selectively emit in the visible and near-infrared portions of the spectrum. An efficient incandescent lamp is enabled thereby. A method for fabricating a three-dimensional photonic crystal of a structural material, suitable for the incandescent emitter, is also disclosed.

Gee, James M. (Albuquerque, NM); Lin, Shawn-Yu (Albuquerque, NM); Fleming, James G. (Albuquerque, NM); Moreno, James B. (Albuquerque, NM)

2005-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

9

Diamond fiber field emitters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A field emission electron emitter comprising an electrode formed of at least one diamond, diamond-like carbon or glassy carbon composite fiber, said composite fiber having a non-diamond core and a diamond, diamond-like carbon or glassy carbon coating on said non-diamond core, and electronic devices employing such a field emission electron emitter.

Blanchet-Fincher, Graciela B. (Wilmington, DE); Coates, Don M. (Santa Fe, NM); Devlin, David J. (Los Alamos, NM); Eaton, David F. (Wilmington, DE); Silzars, Aris K. (Landenburg, PA); Valone, Steven M. (Santa Fe, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Two-dimensional photonic crystals as selective emitters for thermophotovoltaic power conversion applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research investigates the use of two-dimensional (2D) photonic crystals (PhC) as selective emitters and means of achieving higher efficiencies in combustion-driven thermophotovoltaic (TPV) systems intended as auxiliary ...

Jovanovic, Natalija Zorana

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Electrochemical formation of field emitters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electrochemical formation of field emitters, particularly useful in the fabrication of flat panel displays. The fabrication involves field emitting points in a gated field emitter structure. Metal field emitters are formed by electroplating and the shape of the formed emitter is controlled by the potential imposed on the gate as well as on a separate counter electrode. This allows sharp emitters to be formed in a more inexpensive and manufacturable process than vacuum deposition processes used at present. The fabrication process involves etching of the gate metal and the dielectric layer down to the resistor layer, and then electroplating the etched area and forming an electroplated emitter point in the etched area.

Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Diamond-graphite field emitters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A field emission electron emitter comprising an electrode of diamond and a conductive carbon, e.g., graphite, is provided.

Valone, Steven M. (Santa Fe, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Monolithic multinozzle emitters for nanoelectrospray mass spectrometry  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Novel and significantly simplified procedures for fabrication of fully integrated nanoelectrospray emitters have been described. For nanofabricated monolithic multinozzle emitters (NM.sup.2 emitters), a bottom up approach using silicon nanowires on a silicon sliver is used. For microfabricated monolithic multinozzle emitters (M.sup.3 emitters), a top down approach using MEMS techniques on silicon wafers is used. The emitters have performance comparable to that of commercially-available silica capillary emitters for nanoelectrospray mass spectrometry.

Wang, Daojing (Daly City, CA); Yang, Peidong (Kensington, CA); Kim, Woong (Seoul, KR); Fan, Rong (Pasadena, CA)

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

14

Amorphous-diamond electron emitter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electron emitter comprising a textured silicon wafer overcoated with a thin (200 .ANG.) layer of nitrogen-doped, amorphous-diamond (a:D-N), which lowers the field below 20 volts/micrometer have been demonstrated using this emitter compared to uncoated or diamond coated emitters wherein the emission is at fields of nearly 60 volts/micrometer. The silicon/nitrogen-doped, amorphous-diamond (Si/a:D-N) emitter may be produced by overcoating a textured silicon wafer with amorphous-diamond (a:D) in a nitrogen atmosphere using a filtered cathodic-arc system. The enhanced performance of the Si/a:D-N emitter lowers the voltages required to the point where field-emission displays are practical. Thus, this emitter can be used, for example, in flat-panel emission displays (FEDs), and cold-cathode vacuum electronics.

Falabella, Steven (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Electrochemical formation of field emitters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electrochemical formation of field emitters, particularly useful in the fabrication of flat panel displays is disclosed. The fabrication involves field emitting points in a gated field emitter structure. Metal field emitters are formed by electroplating and the shape of the formed emitter is controlled by the potential imposed on the gate as well as on a separate counter electrode. This allows sharp emitters to be formed in a more inexpensive and manufacturable process than vacuum deposition processes used at present. The fabrication process involves etching of the gate metal and the dielectric layer down to the resistor layer, and then electroplating the etched area and forming an electroplated emitter point in the etched area. 12 figs.

Bernhardt, A.F.

1999-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

16

Diamondoid monolayers as electron emitters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Provided are electron emitters based upon diamondoid monolayers, preferably self-assembled higher diamondoid monolayers. High intensity electron emission has been demonstrated employing such diamondoid monolayers, particularly when the monolayers are comprised of higher diamondoids. The application of such diamondoid monolayers can alter the band structure of substrates, as well as emit monochromatic electrons, and the high intensity electron emissions can also greatly improve the efficiency of field-effect electron emitters as applied to industrial and commercial applications.

Yang, Wanli (El Cerrito, CA); Fabbri, Jason D. (San Francisco, CA); Melosh, Nicholas A. (Menlo Park, CA); Hussain, Zahid (Orinda, CA); Shen, Zhi-Xun (Stanford, CA)

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

17

Laser Assisted Emittance Transfer for Storage Ring Lasing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In modern storage rings the transverse emittance of electron beams can be comparable to that from state-of-art photoinjectors, but the intrinsic low peak current and large energy spread pre-cludes the possibility of realizing short-wavelength high-gain free electron lasers (FELs) in storage rings. In this note I propose a technique to significantly increase beam peak current without greatly increasing beam energy spread, which is achieved by transferring part of the longitudinal emittance to transverse plane. It is shown that by properly repartitioning the emittance in 6-D phase space, the beam from a large storage ring may be used to drive a single-pass high-gain FEL in soft x-ray wavelength range.

Xiang, Dao; /SLAC

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Thermionic converter emitter support arrangement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A support is provided for use in a therminonic converter to support an end of an emitter to keep it out of contact with a surrounding collector while allowing the emitter end to move axially as its temperature changes. The emitter end (34) is supported by a spring structure (44) that includes a pair of Belleville springs, and the spring structure is supported by a support structure (42) fixed to the housing that includes the collector. The support structure is in the form of a sandwich with a small metal spring-engaging element (74) at the front end, a larger metal main support (76) at the rear end that is attached to the housing, and with a ceramic layer (80) between them that is bonded by hot isostatic pressing to the metal element and metal main support. The spring structure can include a loose wafer (120) captured between the Belleville springs.

Allen, Daniel T. (La Jolla, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Thermionic converter emitter support arrangement  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A support is provided for use in a thermionic converter to support an end an emitter to keep it out of contact with a surrounding collector while allowing the emitter end to move axially at its temperatures changes. The emitter end (34) is supported by a spring structure (44) that includes a pair of Belleville springs, and the spring structure is supported by a support structure (42) fixed to the housing that includes the collector. The support structure is in the form of a sandwich with a small metal spring-engaging element (74) at the front end, a larger metal main support (76) at the rear end that is attached to the housng, and with a ceramic layer (80) between them that is bonded by hot isostatic pressing to the metal element and metal main support. The spring structure can include a loose wafer (120) captured between the Belleville springs.

Allen, Daniel T. (La Jolla, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Thermionic converter emitter support arrangement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a support provided for use in a therminonic converter to support an end of an emitter to keep it out of contact with a surrounding collector while allowing the emitter end to move axially as its temperature changes. The emitter end is supported by a spring structure that includes a pair of Belleville springs, and the spring structure is supported by a support structure fixed to the housing that includes the collector. The support structure is in the form of a sandwich with a small metal spring-engaging element at the front end, a larger metal main support at the rear end that is attached to the housing, and with a ceramic layer between them that is bonded by hot isostatic pressing to the metal element and metal main support. The spring structure can include a loose wafer captured between the Belleville springs.

Allen, D.T.

1990-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Thermionic converter emitter support arrangement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document discusses a support provided for use in a thermionic converter to support an end of an emitter to keep it out of contact with a surrounding collector while allowing the emitter end to move axially as its temperature changes. The emitter end is supported by a spring structure that includes a pair of Belleville springs, and the spring structure is supported by a support structure fixed to the housing that includes the collector. The support structure is in the form of a sandwich with a small metal spring-engaging element at the front end, a larger metal main support at the rear end that is attached to the housing, and with a ceramic layer between them that is bonded by hot isostatic pressing to the metal element and metal main support. The spring structure can include a loose wafer captured between the Belleville springs. 7 figs.

Allen, D.T.

1989-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

22

Electromagnetic interference impact of the proposed emitters for the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP). Interim report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proposed HAARP emitters at the Gakona (Alaska) preferred site and at the Clear AFS (Alaska) alternative site are the Ionospheric Research Instrument (IRI), the Incoherent Scatter Radar (ISR), and the Vertical Incidence Sounder(VIS). The electromagnetic interference (EMI) impact of those emitters on receiving systems in the vicinity of the sites is estimated in this study. The results are intended for use as an input to the Air Force Environmental Impact Statement as part of the Environmental Impact Analysis Process.

Robertshaw, G.A.; Snyder, A.L.; Weiner, M.M.

1993-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

23

Development of optical field emitter arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical field emitters are electron emission sources actuated by incident light. Optically actuated field emitters may produce ultrafast pulses of electrons when excited by ultrafast optical pulses, thus making them of ...

Yang, Yujia, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Measuring overall emittance of concentrator receiver pipes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A simple and accurate method for measuring the overall emittance of receiver pipes used with cylindrical concentrators is described. Experimental measurements obtained for steel pipes with a black chrome over nickel selective surface are presented. The observed strong temperature dependence of emittance indicates that the use of room temperature emittance data will substantially overestimate collector efficiency. (SPH)

Gerich, J.W.; Reitter, T.A.; Merriam, M.F.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Membrane-Based Emitter for Coupling Microfluidics with Ultrasensitive Nanoelectrospray Ionization-Mass Spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An integrated poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) membrane-based microfluidic emitter for high performance nanoelectrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (nanoESI-MS) has been fabricated and evaluated. The ~100-?m-thick emitter was created by cutting a PDMS membrane that protrudes beyond the bulk substrate. The reduced surface area at the emitter enhances the electric field and reduces wetting of the surface by the electrospray solvent. As such, the emitter provides highly stable electrospray at flow rates as low as 10 nL/min, and is compatible with electrospray solvents containing a large organic component (e.g., 90% methanol). This approach enables facile emitter construction, and provides excellent stability, reproducibility and sensitivity, as well as compatibility with multilayer soft lithography.

Sun, Xuefei; Kelly, Ryan T.; Tang, Keqi; Smith, Richard D.

2011-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

26

An ESS system for ECRIS Emittance Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An emittance scanner named Electric-Sweep Scanner had been designed and fabricated in IMP. And it has been set up on the LECR3 beam line for the ion beam quality study. With some development, the ESS system has become a relatively dependable and reliable emittance scanner. Its experiment error is about 10 percent. We have done a lot of experiments of emittance measurement on LECR3 ion source, and have researched the relations between ion beam emittance and the major parameters of ECR ion source. The reliability and accuracy test results are presented in this paper. And the performance analysis is also discussed.

Cao, Y.; Sun, L.T.; He, W.; Ma, L.; Zhang, Z.M.; Zhao, H.Y.; Zhao, H.W.; Zhang, X.Z.; Guo, X.H.; Ma, B.H.; Li, J.; Wang, H.; Li, J.Y.; Li, X.X.; Feng, Y.C.; Lu, W. [Institute of Modern Physics (IMP), Chinese Academy of Sciences, 730000 Lanzhou (China)

2005-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

27

Positron emitter labeled enzyme inhibitors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention involved a new strategy for imaging and mapping enzyme activity in the living human and animal body using positron emitter-labeled suicide enzyme inactivators or inhibitors which become covalently bound to the enzyme as a result of enzymatic catalysis. Two such suicide in activators for monoamine oxidase have been labeled with carbon-11 and used to map the enzyme subtypes in the living human and animal body using PET. By using positron emission tomography to image the distribution of radioactivity produced by the body penetrating radiation emitted by carbon-11, a map of functionally active monoamine oxidase activity is obtained. Clorgyline and L-deprenyl are suicide enzyme inhibitors and irreversibly inhibit monoamine oxidase. When these inhibitors are labeled with carbon-11 they provide selective probes for monoamine oxidase localization and reactivity in vivo using positron emission tomography. 2 figs.

Fowler, J.S.; MacGregor, R.R.; Wolf, A.P.

1987-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

28

Positron emitter labeled enzyme inhibitors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention involves a new strategy for imaging and mapping enzyme activity in the living human and animal body using positron emitter-labeled suicide enzyme inactivators or inhibitors which become covalently bound to the enzyme as a result of enzymatic catalysis. Two such suicide inactivators for monoamine oxidase have been labeled with carbon-11 and used to map the enzyme subtypes in the living human and animal body using PET. By using positron emission tomography to image the distribution of radioactivity produced by the body penetrating radiation emitted by carbon-11, a map of functionally active monoamine oxidase activity is obtained. Clorgyline and L-deprenyl are suicide enzyme inhibitors and irreversibly inhibit monoamine oxidase. When these inhibitors are labeled with carbon-11 they provide selective probes for monoamine oxidase localization and reactivity in vivo using positron emission tomography.

Fowler, Joanna S. (Bellport, NY); MacGregor, Robert R. (Sag Harbor, NY); Wolf, Alfred P. (Setauket, NY); Langstrom, Bengt (Upsala, SE)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Low Emittance Electron Beam Studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied the properties of a low emittance electron beam produced by laser pulses incident onto an rf gun photocathode. The experiments were carried out at the A0 photoinjector at Fermilab. Such beam studies are necessary for fixing the design of new Linear Colliders as well as for the development of Free Electron Lasers. An overview of the A0 photoinjector is given in Chapter 1. In Chapter 2 we describe the A0 photoinjector laser system. A stable laser system is imperative for reliable photoinjector operation. After the recent upgrade, we have been able to reach a new level of stability in the pulse-to-pulse fluctuations of the pulse amplitude, and of the temporal and transverse profiles. In Chapter 3 we present a study of transverse emittance versus the shape of the photo-cathode drive-laser pulse. For that purpose a special temporal profile laser shaping device called a pulse-stacker was developed. In Chapter 4 we discuss longitudinal beam dynamics studies using a two macro-particle bunch; this technique is helpful in analyzing pulse compression in the magnetic chicane, as well as velocity bunching effects in the rf-gun and the 9-cell accelerating cavity. In Chapter 5 we introduce a proposal for laser acceleration of electrons. We have developed a laser functioning on the TEM*{sub 01} mode, a mode with a longitudinal electric field component which is suitable for such a process. Using this technique at energies above 40 MeV, one would be able to observe laser-based acceleration.

Tikhoplav, Rodion; /Rochester U.; ,

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Membrane-Based Emitter for Coupling Microfluidics with Ultrasensitive...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Membrane-Based Emitter for Coupling Microfluidics with Ultrasensitive Nanoelectrospray Ionization-Mass Spectrometry. Membrane-Based Emitter for Coupling Microfluidics with...

31

Multinozzle Emitter Arrays for Nanoelectrospray Mass Spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mass spectrometry (MS) is the enabling technology for proteomics and metabolomics. However, dramatic improvements in both sensitivity and throughput are still required to achieve routine MS-based single cell proteomics and metabolomics. Here, we report the silicon-based monolithic multinozzle emitter array (MEA), and demonstrate its proof-of-principle applications in high-sensitivity and high-throughput nanoelectrospray mass spectrometry. Our MEA consists of 96 identical 10-nozzle emitters in a circular array on a 3-inch silicon chip. The geometry and configuration of the emitters, the dimension and number of the nozzles, and the micropillar arrays embedded in the main channel, can be systematically and precisely controlled during the microfabrication process. Combining electrostatic simulation and experimental testing, we demonstrated that sharpened-end geometry at the stem of the individual multinozzle emitter significantly enhanced the electric fields at its protruding nozzle tips, enabling sequential nanoelectrospray for the high-density emitter array. We showed that electrospray current of the multinozzle emitter at a given total flow rate was approximately proportional to the square root of the number of its spraying-nozzles, suggesting the capability of high MS sensitivity for multinozzle emitters. Using a conventional Z-spray mass spectrometer, we demonstrated reproducible MS detection of peptides and proteins for serial MEA emitters, achieving sensitivity and stability comparable to the commercial capillary emitters. Our robust silicon-based MEA chip opens up the possibility of a fully-integrated microfluidic system for ultrahigh-sensitivity and ultrahigh-throughput proteomics and metabolomics.

Mao, Pan; Wang, Hung-Ta; Yang, Peidong; Wang, Daojing

2011-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

32

Electrospray emitters For diffusion vacuum pumps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Following similar principles as regular diffusion vacuum pumps, an electrospray emitter is set to produce a jet of charged particles that will drag air molecules out of a volume. To be a feasible concept, the emitted ...

Diaz Gómez Maqueo, Pablo (Pablo Ly)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

z Transform Chapter Intended Learning Outcomes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

z Transform Chapter Intended Learning Outcomes: (i) Understanding the relationship between transform and the Fourier transform for discrete-time signals (ii) Understanding the characteristics and properties of transform (iii) Ability to compute transform and inverse transform (iv) Ability to apply

So, Hing-Cheung

34

Large  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 CERN 73-11Large area avalanche photodiode

35

Head erosion with emittance growth in PWFA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Head erosion is one of the limiting factors in plasma wakefield acceleration (PWFA). We present a study of head erosion with emittance growth in field-ionized plasma from the PWFA experiments performed at the FACET user facility at SLAC. At FACET, a 20.3 GeV bunch with 1.8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 10} electrons is optimized in beam transverse size and combined with a high density lithium plasma for beam-driven plasma wakefield acceleration experiments. A target foil is inserted upstream of the plasma source to increase the bunch emittance through multiple scattering. Its effect on beamplasma interaction is observed with an energy spectrometer after a vertical bend magnet. Results from the first experiments show that increasing the emittance has suppressed vapor field-ionization and plasma wakefields excitation. Plans for the future are presented.

Li, S. Z.; Adli, E.; England, R. J.; Frederico, J.; Gessner, S. J.; Hogan, M. J.; Litos, M. D.; Walz, D. R.; Muggli, P.; An, W.; Clayton, C. E.; Joshi, C.; Lu, W.; Marsh, K. A.; Mori, W.; Vafaei, N. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States) and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States) and University of Oslo, Oslo, N-0316 (Norway) and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); Max Planck Institute for Physics, Munich (Germany); University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

36

BEAM EMITTANCE MEASUREMENT TOOL FOR CEBAF OPERATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new software tool was created at Jefferson Lab to measure the emittance of the CEBAF electron beams. The tool consists of device control and data analysis applications. The device control application handles the work of wire scanners and writes their measurement results as well as the information about accelerator settings during these measurements into wire scanner data files. The data analysis application reads these files and calculates the beam emittance on the basis of a wire scanner data processing model. Both applications are computer platform independent but are mostly used on LINUX PCs recently installed in the accelerator control room. The new tool significantly simplifies beam emittance measurement procedures for accelerator operations and contributes to a very high availability of the CEBAF machine for the nuclear physics program at Jefferson Lab.

Chevtsov, Pavel; Tiefenback, Michael

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Heterojunction solar cell with passivated emitter surface  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high-efficiency heterojunction solar cell is described wherein a thin emitter layer (preferably Ga[sub 0.52]In[sub 0.48]P) forms a heterojunction with a GaAs absorber layer. A passivating window layer of defined composition is disposed over the emitter layer. The conversion efficiency of the solar cell is at least 25.7%. The solar cell preferably includes a passivating layer between the substrate and the absorber layer. An anti-reflection coating is preferably disposed over the window layer. 1 fig.

Olson, J.M.; Kurtz, S.R.

1994-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

38

Heterojunction solar cell with passivated emitter surface  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high-efficiency heterojunction solar cell wherein a thin emitter layer (preferably Ga.sub.0.52 In.sub.0.48 P) forms a heterojunction with a GaAs absorber layer. A passivating window layer of defined composition is disposed over the emitter layer. The conversion efficiency of the solar cell is at least 25.7%. The solar cell preferably includes a passivating layer between the substrate and the absorber layer. An anti-reflection coating is preferably disposed over the window layer.

Olson, Jerry M. (Lakewood, CO); Kurtz, Sarah R. (Golden, CO)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Emittance growth from electron beam modulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In linac ring colliders like MeRHIC and eRHIC a modulation of the electron bunch can lead to a modulation of the beam beam tune shift and steering errors. These modulations can lead to emittance growth. This note presents simple formulas to estimate these effects which generalize some previous results.

Blaskiewicz, M.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Light modulated switches and radio frequency emitters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure relates to a light modulated electron beam driven radiofrequency emitter. Pulses of light impinge on a photoemissive device which generates an electron beam having the pulse characteristics of the light. The electron beam is accelerated through a radiofrequency resonator which produces radiofrequency emission in accordance with the electron, hence, the light pulses.

Wilson, Mahlon T. (Los Alamos, NM); Tallerico, Paul J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Emittance control in rf cavities and solenoids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study emittance growth for transport of uniform and Gaussian beams of particles in rf cavities and solenoids and show analytically its dependence on initial beam parameters. Analytical results are confirmed with simulation studies over a broad range of different initial beams.

Eshraqi, Mohammad; Lombardi, Alessandra M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Charge neutrality in heavily doped emitters Jesus A. del Alamo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a typical solar-cell emitter, being particularly excellent in the heavily doped regions beneath the surface

del Alamo, Jesús A.

43

Front contact solar cell with formed emitter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A bipolar solar cell includes a backside junction formed by an N-type silicon substrate and a P-type polysilicon emitter formed on the backside of the solar cell. An antireflection layer may be formed on a textured front surface of the silicon substrate. A negative polarity metal contact on the front side of the solar cell makes an electrical connection to the substrate, while a positive polarity metal contact on the backside of the solar cell makes an electrical connection to the polysilicon emitter. An external electrical circuit may be connected to the negative and positive metal contacts to be powered by the solar cell. The positive polarity metal contact may form an infrared reflecting layer with an underlying dielectric layer for increased solar radiation collection.

Cousins, Peter John

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

44

Front contact solar cell with formed emitter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A bipolar solar cell includes a backside junction formed by an N-type silicon substrate and a P-type polysilicon emitter formed on the backside of the solar cell. An antireflection layer may be formed on a textured front surface of the silicon substrate. A negative polarity metal contact on the front side of the solar cell makes an electrical connection to the substrate, while a positive polarity metal contact on the backside of the solar cell makes an electrical connection to the polysilicon emitter. An external electrical circuit may be connected to the negative and positive metal contacts to be powered by the solar cell. The positive polarity metal contact may form an infrared reflecting layer with an underlying dielectric layer for increased solar radiation collection.

Cousins, Peter John (Menlo Park, CA)

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

45

SLAC low emittance accelerator test facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SLAC is proposing to build a new Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) capable of producing a 50 MeV electron beam with an extremely low geometric tranverse emittance (1.5 x 10/sup -10/ rad.m) for the purpose of testing new methods of acceleration. The low emittance will be achieved by assembling a linear accelerator using one standard SLAC three-meter section and a 400 kV electron gun with a very small photocathode (40 microns in diameter). The photocathode will be illuminated from the back by short bursts (on the order of 6 ps) of visible laser light which will produce bunches of about 10/sup 5/ electrons. Higher currents could be obtained by illuminating the cathode from the front. The gun will be mounted directly against the accelerator section. Calculations show that in the absence of an rf buncher, injection of these 400 keV small radius electron bunches roughly 30/sup 0/ ahead of crest produces negligible transverse emittance growth due to radial rf forces. Acceleration of the electrons up to 50 MeV followed by collimation, energy slits and focusing will provide a 3.2 mm long waist of under 1.5 ..mu..m in diameter where laser acceleration and other techniques can be tested.

Loew, G.A.; Miller, R.H.; Sinclair, C.K.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Emissivity Tuned Emitter for RTPV Power Sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Every mission launched by NASA to the outer planets has produced unexpected results. The Voyager I and II, Galileo, and Cassini missions produced images and collected scientific data that totally revolutionized our understanding of the solar system and the formation of the planetary systems. These missions were enabled by the use of nuclear power. Because of the distances from the Sun, electrical power was produced using the radioactive decay of a plutonium isotope. Radioisotopic Thermoelectric Generators (RTGs) used in the past and currently used Multi-Mission RTGs (MMRTGs) provide power for space missions. Unfortunately, RTGs rely on thermocouples to convert heat to electricity and are inherently inefficient ({approx} 3-7% thermal to electric efficiency). A Radioisotope Thermal Photovoltaic (RTPV) power source has the potential to reduce the specific mass of the onboard power supply by increasing the efficiency of thermal to electric conversion. In an RTPV, a radioisotope heats an emitter, which emits light to a photovoltaic (PV) cell, which converts the light into electricity. Developing an emitter tuned to the desired wavelength of the photovoltaic is a key part in increasing overall performance. Researchers at the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) have built a Thermal Photovoltaic (TPV) system, that utilizes a simulated General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) from a MMRTG to heat a tantalum emitter. The GPHS is a block of graphite roughly 10 cm by 10 cm by 5 cm. A fully loaded GPHS produces 250 w of thermal power and weighs 1.6 kgs. The GRC system relies on the GPHS unit radiating at 1200 K to a tantalum emitter that, in turn, radiates light to a GaInAs photo-voltaic cell. The GRC claims system efficiency of conversion of 15%. The specific mass is around 167 kg/kWe. A RTPV power source that utilized a ceramic or ceramic-metal (cermet) matrix would allow for the combination of the heat source, canister, and emitter into one compact unit, and allow variation in size and shape to optimize temperature and emission spectra.

Carl M. Stoots; Robert C. O'Brien; Troy M. Howe

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Multi-channel polarized thermal emitter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multi-channel polarized thermal emitter (PTE) is presented. The multi-channel PTE can emit polarized thermal radiation without using a polarizer at normal emergence. The multi-channel PTE consists of two layers of metallic gratings on a monolithic and homogeneous metallic plate. It can be fabricated by a low-cost soft lithography technique called two-polymer microtransfer molding. The spectral positions of the mid-infrared (MIR) radiation peaks can be tuned by changing the periodicity of the gratings and the spectral separation between peaks are tuned by changing the mutual angle between the orientations of the two gratings.

Lee, Jae-Hwang; Ho, Kai-Ming; Constant, Kristen P

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

48

High efficiency quasi-monochromatic infrared emitter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Incandescent radiation sources are widely used as mid-infrared emitters owing to the lack of alternative for compact and low cost sources. A drawback of miniature hot systems such as membranes is their low efficiency, e.g., for battery powered systems. For targeted narrow-band applications such as gas spectroscopy, the efficiency is even lower. In this paper, we introduce design rules valid for very generic membranes demonstrating that their energy efficiency for use as incandescent infrared sources can be increased by two orders of magnitude.

Brucoli, Giovanni; Besbes, Mondher; Benisty, Henri, E-mail: henri.benisty@institutoptique.fr; Greffet, Jean-Jacques [Laboratoire Charles Fabry, UMR 8501, Institut d’Optique, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud 11, 2, Avenue Augustin Fresnel, 91127 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Bouchon, Patrick; Haïdar, Riad [Office National d’Études et de Recherches Aérospatiales, Chemin de la Hunière, 91761 Palaiseau (France)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

49

Workshop in Novel Emitters and Nanostructured Materials | U.S...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Workshop in Novel Emitters and Nanostructured Materials Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News EFRC Events...

50

Space Charge and Equilibrium Emittances in Damping Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPACE CHARGE AND EQUILIBRIUM EMITTANCES IN DAMPING RINGS ?for the pos- sible impact of space charge on the equilibriumrings. INTRODUCTION Direct space charge effects have the

Venturini, Marco; Oide, Katsunobu; Wolski, Andy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Theoretical study of transverse-longitudinal emittance coupling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of a weakly coupled periodic lattice in terms of achieving emittance exchange between the transverse and longitudinal directions is investigated using the generalized Courant-Snyder theory for coupled lattices. Recently, the concept and technique of transverse-longitudinal emittance coupling have been proposed for applications in the Linac Coherent Light Source and other free-electron lasers to reduce the transverse emittance of the electron beam. Such techniques can also be applied to the driver beams for the heavy ion fusion and beam-driven high energy density physics, where the transverse emittance budget is typically tighter than the longitudinal emittance. The proposed methods consist of one or several coupling components which completely swap the emittances of one of the transverse directions and the longitudinal direction at the exit of the coupling components. The complete emittance exchange is realized in one pass through the coupling components. In the present study, we investigate the effect of a weakly coupled periodic lattice in terms of achieving emittance exchange between the transverse and longitudinal directions. A weak coupling component is introduced at every focusing lattice, and we would like to determine if such a lattice can realize the function of emittance exchange.

Qin, H; Davidson, R C; Chung, M; Barnard, J J; Wang, T F

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

52

Sharpening of field emitter tips using high-energy ions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for sharpening arrays of field emitter tips of field emission cathodes, such as found in field-emission, flat-panel video displays. The process uses sputtering by high-energy (more than 30 keV) ions incident along or near the longitudinal axis of the field emitter to sharpen the emitter with a taper from the tip or top of the emitter down to the shank of the emitter. The process is particularly applicable to sharpening tips of emitters having cylindrical or similar (e.g., pyramidal) symmetry. The process will sharpen tips down to radii of less than 12 nm with an included angle of about 20 degrees. Because the ions are incident along or near the longitudinal axis of each emitter, the tips of gated arrays can be sharpened by high-energy ion beams rastered over the arrays using standard ion implantation equipment. While the process is particularly applicable for sharpening of arrays of field emitters in field-emission flat-panel displays, it can be effectively utilized in the fabrication of other vacuum microelectronic devices that rely on field emission of electrons.

Musket, Ronald G. (Danville, CA)

1999-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

53

Blind Channel Identification for the Emitter Location Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a thesis entitled "Blind Channel Identification for the Emitter Location Problem: A Least Square ApproachBlind Channel Identification for the Emitter Location Problem: A Least Square Approach BY Cheung C. Chau B.S.E.E., Binghamton University, 2000 Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements

Fowler, Mark

54

Comparison between arc drops in ignited thermionic converters with and without ion reflections at the emitter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The output performance of two thermionic energy converters is compared. One converter has a normal emitter, working with zero field at the emitter which is close to the optimum working point, and the other has a low work function emitter and ion reflection at the emitter. A simple model of the plasma and the sheaths shows that a converter working with a low work function emitter and ion reflections gives a worse performance than a similar converter with a normal emitter.

Lundgren, L.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Abstract --The influence on the thermal resistance of emitter design parameters like emitter area, aspect ratio, and distance to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract -- The influence on the thermal resistance of emitter design parameters like emitter area-state) thermal resistance, but also in a faster thermal transient of the transistors. Accurate RC networks are extracted by measurements in order to model the thermal impedance transient of devices with or without Al

Technische Universiteit Delft

56

E-Print Network 3.0 - auger electron emitters Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

emitter... contact resistance - We used a triple-mesa fabrication process. Emitter metal was defined using electron... metallization. A conventional hi-layer electron...

57

Standard emitters (clocks) and calibrated standard emitters (clocks) in spaces with affine connections and metrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that the general belief that the frequency and the absolute value of the velocity of periodic signals sent by a standard emitter do not change on the world line of the emitter needs to be revised and new conditions for the existence of a calibrted standard emitter should be taken into account. The notions of a standard clock and of a calibrated standard clock are introduced in a space with affine connections and metrics. The variation of the velocity and of the frequency of a standard clock could be compared with the constant velocity and the constant frequency of a calibrated standard clock along the world line of the observer. This calibrated standard clock is transported by meand of a generalized Fermi-Walker transport along the same world line of the observer. Some remarks about the synchronization of standard clocks in spaces with affine connections and metrics are given. PACS numbers: 95.30.Sf; 04.90.+h; 04.20.Cv; 04.90.+e

Sawa Manoff

2005-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

58

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced technology large-aperture Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(Advanced Photonix). These diodes were chosen for two reasons. First... pulsed terahertz emitter, a large-aperture GaAs photoconductive switch, is carried out. It is...

59

New Low Emittance Lattice for the Super-B Accelerator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New low emittance lattices have been designed for the asymmetric SuperB accelerator, aiming at a luminosity of 10{sup 36} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}. Main optics features are two alternating arc cells with different horizontal phase advance, decreasing beam emittance and allowing at the same time for easy chromaticity correction in the arcs. Emittance can be further reduced by a factor of two for luminosity upgrade. Spin rotation schemes for the e{sup -} beam have been studied to provide longitudinal polarization at the IP, and implementation into the lattice is in progress.

Biagini, M.E.; Boscolo, M.; Raimondi, P.; Tomassini, S.; Zobov, M.; /Frascati; Seeman, J.; Sullivan, M.; Wienands, U.; Wittmer, W.; /SLAC; Bettoni, S.; /CERN; Paoloni, E.; /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa; Bogomyagkov, A.; Koop, I.; Levichev, E.; Nikitin, S.; Piminov, P.; Shatilov, D.; /Novosibirsk, IYF

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

60

Matching of Infrared Emitters with Textiles For Improved Energy Utilization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the infrared absorptivity of fabrics over the wavelength spectrum of 0.7 to 25 microns (the range of operation of commercial infrared emitters). Since the operating ranges for several system components (detectors, beam splitters and sources) are much narrower...

Carr, W. W.; Williamson, V. A.; Johnson, M. R.; Do, B. T.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Microstructured tungsten thermophotovoltaic selective emitters c by Natalija (Zorana) Jovanovi?.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research investigates the fabrication, modeling, characterization, and application of tungsten two-dimensional (2D) photonic crystal (PhC) structures as selective emitters and means of achieving higher efficiencies ...

Jovanovic, Natalija Zorana

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Spectroscopic research on infrared emittance of coal ash deposits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper deals with thermal radiation characteristics of ash deposits on a pulverized coal combustion boiler of an electric power plant. Normal emittance spectra in the near to medium infrared (2.5-25 {mu}m) region and total normal emittances were measured on four kinds of ground ash deposits. Measurements were conducted in the 570-1460 K temperature range which is common for boiler furnaces, by both heating and cooling the ash samples, with the aim to study the effect of their thermal history. Dependence of emittance on wavelength, temperature and chemical composition was studied, too. Samples were tested for transparency (opacity) to verify the accuracy of results. It was determined that the thicknesses used for the ash powders are opaque for infrared radiation for thicknesses in the order of a millimeter. Tests have shown that spectral emittance increases with an increase of wavelength with a characteristic pattern common for all samples. Spectral normal emittance increases strongly with temperature at shorter wavelengths and remains high and unchanged at longer ones. Emittance spectra are not very sensitive to chemical composition of ashes especially beyond {lambda} {approx} 5 {mu}m. With an increase of temperature, total emittance of the powdered sample decreases to a minimum value around 1200 K. Further temperature rise induces an increase of total emittance due to sintering in the ash. On cooling, the emittance increases monotonically following the hysteresis. Quantitative directions for evaluating thermal radiation characteristics of ash deposits for the merits of the safety design of boiler furnaces were proposed. That comprises correlating the experimentally obtained emittance spectra with curves of simple analytical form, i.e., a continuous function of minimum emittance vs. wavelength. The proposed method can be extended to other specimens from the same furnace and used to determine correlations for thermal calculation of old and design of new furnaces - with similar geometry and combusting similar coal. The method is potentially applicable to completely different boiler furnaces combusting different coal, and the authors recommend running the tests with new deposit samples. The data will then be applicable to the thermal design of a whole new class of furnaces, having similar geometry and combusting similar coal. This is expected to greatly enhance the accuracy and precision of thermal calculation as well as the efficiency of thermal design of steam boilers. (author)

Saljnikov, Aleksandar; Komatina, Mirko; Gojak, Milan [Department of Thermomechanics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Belgrade, Kraljice Marije 16, 11120 Belgrade 35 (RS); Vucicevic, Biljana [Laboratory for Thermal Engineering, Institute of Nuclear Sciences VINCA, P.O. Box 522, Belgrade 11001 (RS); Goricanec, Darko [Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Maribor, Smetanova 17, Maribor 2000 (Slovenia); Stevanovic, Zoran [Faculty of Mining and Geology, University of Belgrade, Dusina 7, 11120 Belgrade 35 (RS)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

63

Introduction This directory is intended to provide information about compost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction This directory is intended to provide information about compost producers herein. If you are a compost supplier in the mid-Atlantic region who would like to be included@vt.edu or 540-231-9739. Compost Producers and Suppliers Name and address Phone (P) [cell (CP), home (HP)], fax

Liskiewicz, Maciej

64

Name: Intended quarter of entry: Academic Planning Worksheet for Philosophy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Name: Intended quarter of entry: Academic Planning Worksheet for Philosophy This worksheet-Year College Courses: Introductory courses in symbolic logic, social philosophy, major problems of philosophy, and history of philosophy. Courses to develop writing skills, as well as language courses, especially Greek

Queitsch, Christine

65

Analysis of emitter material transport in thermionic converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Output power and efficiency of a thermionic converter depend on temperatures, cesiated work functions, and emissivities of electrodes as well as the interelectrode gap size. Operation lifetime of a thermionic converter is directly related to the values as well as the stability of these parameters, which can be seriously altered by the transport of emitter material to the collector during operation. Loss rate of tungsten, a preferred emitter material, by sublimation at typical operating temperatures is small (about 3{times}10{sup 7} atom/cm{sup 2}sec at 2000 K). The loss rate, however, can be several orders of magnitude higher in the presence of gaseous contaminants. Accelerated transport of emitter material to collector surface changes the effective emissivity and work functions of the electrodes, resulting in performance degradation. A phenomenological model was developed to simulate emitter material transport to the collector in the presence of oxygen, water vapor, and carbon oxide contaminants. The model accounts for interaction of these contaminants with both emitter and collector. Model results were in agreement with experimental data and theoretical results of other investigators. An analysis was performed to determine steady-state chemical composition of deposited material onto the collector surface in the presence of H{sub 2}O, O{sub 2}, and H{sub 2} gaseous contaminants. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Paramonov, D.V.; El-Genk, M.S. [Institute for Space and Nuclear Power Studies, Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Department, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Low Emittance Tuning Studies for SuperB  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SuperB[1] is an international project for an asymmetric 2 rings collider at the B mesons cm energy to be built in the Rome area in Italy. The two rings will have very small beam sizes at the Interaction Point and very small emittances, similar to the Linear Collider Damping Rings ones. In particular, the ultra low vertical emittances, 7 pm in the LER and 4 pm in the HER, need a careful study of the misalignment errors effects on the machine performances. Studies on the closed orbit, vertical dispersion and coupling corrections have been carried out in order to specify the maximum allowed errors and to provide a procedure for emittance tuning. A new tool which combines MADX and Matlab routines has been developed, allowing for both corrections and tuning. Results of these studies are presented.

Liuzzo, Simone; /INFN, Pisa; Biagini, Maria; /INFN, Rome; Raimondi, Pantaleo; /INFN, Rome; Donald, Martin; /SLAC

2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

67

Spring structure for a thermionic converter emitter support arrangement  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A support is provided for use in a thermionic converter to support an end of an emitter to keep it out of contact with a surrounding collector while allowing the emitter end to move axially as its temperature changes. The emitter end is supported by a spring structure that includes a pair of Belleville springs, and the spring structure is supported by a support structure fixed to the housing that includes the collector. The support structure is in the form of a sandwich with a small metal spring-engaging element at the front end, a larger metal main support at the rear end that is attached to the housing, and with a ceramic layer between them that is bonded by hot isostatic pressing to the metal element and metal main support. The spring structure can include a loose wafer captured between the Belleville springs. 7 figs.

Allen, D.T.

1992-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

68

Spring structure for a thermionic converter emitter support arrangement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A support is provided for use in a thermionic converter to support an end of an emitter to keep it out of contact with a surrounding collector while allowing the emitter end to move axially as its temperature changes. The emitter end (34) is supported by a spring structure (44) that includes a pair of Belleville springs, and the spring structure is supported by a support structure (42) fixed to the housing that includes the collector. The support structure is in the form of a sandwich with a small metal spring-engaging element (74) at the front end, a larger metal main support (76) at the rear end that is attached to the housing, and with a ceramic layer (80) between them that is bonded by hot isostatic pressing to the metal element and metal main support. The spring structure can include a loose wafer (120) captured between the Belleville springs.

Allen, Daniel T. (La Jolla, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Study of narrowband single photon emitters in polycrystalline diamond films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum information processing and integrated nanophotonics require robust generation of single photon emitters on demand. In this work, we demonstrate that diamond films grown on a silicon substrate by microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition can host bright, narrowband single photon emitters in the visible—near infra-red spectral range. The emitters possess fast lifetime (?several ns), absolute photostability, and exhibit full polarization at excitation and emission. Pulsed and continuous laser excitations confirm their quantum behaviour at room temperature, while low temperature spectroscopy is performed to investigate inhomogeneous broadening. Our results advance the knowledge of solid state single photon sources and open pathways for their practical implementation in quantum communication and quantum information processing.

Sandstrom, Russell G.; Shimoni, Olga; Martin, Aiden A.; Aharonovich, Igor, E-mail: igor.aharonovich@uts.edu.au [School of Physics and Advanced Materials, University of Technology, Sydney, P.O. Box 123, Broadway, New South Wales 2007 (Australia)

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

70

Nanometer emittance ultralow charge beams from rf photoinjectors  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

In this paper we discuss the generation of a new class of high brightness relativistic electron beams, characterized by ultralow charge (0.1–1 pC) and ultralow normalized emittance (<50??nm ). These beams are created in rf photoinjectors when the laser is focused on the cathode to very small transverse sizes (<30???m rms). In this regime, the charge density at the cathode approaches the limit set by the extraction electric field. By shaping the laser pulse to have a cigarlike aspect ratio (the longitudinal dimension much larger than the transverse dimension) and a parabolic temporal profile, the resulting space charge dominated dynamics creates a uniformly filled ellipsoidal distribution and the emittance can be nearly preserved to its thermal value. We also present a new method, based on a variation of the pepper-pot technique, for single shot measurements of the ultralow emittances for this new class of beams.

Li, R. K.; Roberts, K. G.; Scoby, C. M.; To, H.; Musumeci, P.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Electrical Control of Optical Emitter Relaxation Pathways enabled by Graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Controlling the energy flow processes and the associated energy relaxation rates of a light emitter is of high fundamental interest, and has many applications in the fields of quantum optics, photovoltaics, photodetection, biosensing and light emission. While advanced dielectric and metallic systems have been developed to tailor the interaction between an emitter and its environment, active control of the energy flow has remained challenging. Here, we demonstrate in-situ electrical control of the relaxation pathways of excited erbium ions, which emit light at the technologically relevant telecommunication wavelength of 1.5 $\\mu$m. By placing the erbium at a few nanometres distance from graphene, we modify the relaxation rate by more than a factor of three, and control whether the emitter decays into either electron-hole pairs, emitted photons or graphene near-infrared plasmons, confined to $<$15 nm to the sheet. These capabilities to dictate optical energy transfer processes through electrical control of t...

Tielrooij, K J; Ferrier, A; Badioli, M; Navickaite, G; Coop, S; Nanot, S; Kalinic, B; Cesca, T; Gaudreau, L; Ma, Q; Centeno, A; Pesquera, A; Zurutuza, A; de Riedmatten, H; Goldner, P; de Abajo, F J García; Jarillo-Herrero, P; Koppens, F H L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Excellent oxidation endurance of boron nitride nanotube field electron emitters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) are considered as a promising cold electron emission material owing to their negative electron affinity. BNNT field emitters show excellent oxidation endurance after high temperature thermal annealing of 600?°C in air ambient. There is no damage to the BNNTs after thermal annealing at a temperature of 600?°C and also no degradation of field emission properties. The thermally annealed BNNTs exhibit a high maximum emission current density of 8.39?mA/cm{sup 2} and show very robust emission stability. The BNNTs can be a promising emitter material for field emission devices under harsh oxygen environments.

Song, Yenan [Department of Micro/Nano Systems, Korea University, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of); Sun, Yuning; Hoon Shin, Dong; Nam Yun, Ki [School of Electrical Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of); Song, Yoon-Ho [Nano Electron-Source Creative Research Center, Creative and Challenging Research Division, ETRI, Daejeon 305-700 (Korea, Republic of); Milne, William I. [Electrical Engineering Division, Engineering Department, Cambridge University, Cambridge CB3 0FA (United Kingdom); Jin Lee, Cheol, E-mail: cjlee@korea.ac.kr [Department of Micro/Nano Systems, Korea University, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of); School of Electrical Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

73

Ion trapping in the emitter sheath in thermionic converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of ion trapping in the emitter sheath in ignited thermionic converters is studied. The ion trapping prevents the emitter-sheath barrier from being higher than approximately 0.1 eV, when the current decreases in the converter. This gives a condition for the constriction of the arc. I-V curves are calculated for an ignited thermionic converter with a hydrodynamic plasma theory that takes into account the effect of Coulomb scattering and volume recombination, but assumes that the electron temperature is constant in the plasma.

Lundgren, L.

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

The effects of emitter-tied field plates on lateral PNP ionizing radiation response  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiation response comparisons of lateral PNP bipolar technologies reveal that device hardening may be achieved by extending the emitter contact over the active base. The emitter-tied field plate suppresses recombination of carriers with interface traps.

Barnaby, H.J.; Schrimpf, R.D.; Cirba, C.R. [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States); Pease, R.L. [RLP Research, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Fleetwood, D.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Kosier, S.L. [VTC Inc., Bloomington, MN (United States)

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Investigation of the tunneling emitter bipolar transistor as spin-injector into silicon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis is discussed the tunneling emitter bipolar transistor as a possible spin-injector into silicon. The transistor has a metallic emitter which as a spin-injector will be a ferromagnet. Spin-polarized electrons ...

Van Veenhuizen, Marc Julien

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha-emitters basic principles Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3.1 Introduction Summary: a half-life of 3.6 days, and is an -emitter. Radium-226, in the uranium-238 series, also an alpha emitter... , Principles of Isotope Geology, 2nd ed....

77

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha emitter ra-223 Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Thvenin equivalent circuit seen looking into the emitter is useful... with a resistor rie from the emitter node to signal ground. Fig. 1(a) shows the BJT symbol with a...

78

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha emitters bismuth-213 Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Thvenin equivalent circuit seen looking into the emitter is useful... with a resistor rie from the emitter node to signal ground. Fig. 1(a) shows the BJT symbol with a...

79

A pepper-pot emittance meter for low-energy heavy-ion beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel emittance meter has been developed to measure the four-dimensional, transverse phase-space distribution of a low-energy ion beam using the pepper-pot technique. A characteristic feature of this instrument is that the pepper-pot plate, which has a linear array of holes in the vertical direction, is scanned horizontally through the ion beam. This has the advantage that the emittance can also be measured at locations along the beam line where the beam has a large horizontal divergence. A set of multi-channel plates, scintillation screen, and ccd camera is used as a position-sensitive ion detector allowing a large range of beam intensities that can be handled. This paper describes the design, construction, and operation of the instrument as well as the data analysis used to reconstruct the four-dimensional phase-space distribution of an ion beam. Measurements on a 15 keV He{sup +} beam are used as an example.

Kremers, H. R.; Beijers, J. P. M.; Brandenburg, S. [Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut, University of Groningen, Zernikelaan 25, 9747 AA Groningen (Netherlands)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

80

Uniformity of wastewater dispersal using subsurface drip emitters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An on-site wastewater treatment project site with two separate drip fields produced data on emitter flow rates and uniformity after 6 years of operation. The site served a two-bedroom residence in Weslaco, Texas, with treatment through a septic...

Persyn, Russell Alan

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

E-Print Network 3.0 - auger emitter 119sb Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

emitters, ... Source: Australian National University, Department of Engineering, Solar Energy Program Collection: Renewable Energy ; Engineering 10 IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS,...

82

Qualification of large diameter duplex stainless steel girth welds intended for low temperature service  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

British Gas recently had a requirement to fabricate some UNS31803 duplex stainless steel pipework for an offshore topsides process plant. The pipework had a maximum diameter of 600mm, with a corresponding wall thickness of 18mm, and it was designed to operate at a minimum temperature of {minus}40 C. There is a lack of published toughness data for girth welds in duplex stainless steel at this thickness and minimum design temperature. Additionally, toughness requirements for girth welds in current pipework and pressure vessel codes are based on experience with carbon steels. As a result, a program of work has been carried out to study the Charpy, CTOD and wide plate toughness of girth welds in 22%Cr duplex stainless steel pipework. The welds were produced using a typical gas tungsten arc/gas metal arc pipework fabrication procedure. In addition, non-destructive evaluation trials have been carried out on a deliberately defective weld using radiography and ultrasonics. It was demonstrated that double wall single image {gamma}-radiography, single wall single image and panoramic X-radiography, and conventional shear wave ultrasonics were all able to detect planar root defects varying from 3 to 7mm in depth. There was good agreement between the sizes recorded by ultrasonics and those measured from macrosections. Small scale mechanical tests demonstrated that welds with overmatching tensile properties, and low temperature toughness properties which were acceptable to specification, could be produced. Wide plate tests demonstrated that defect size calculations from BS PD7493 were conservative.

Prosser, K.; Robinson, A.G.; Rogers, P.F.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

83

Electrospray Emitters For Diffusion Vacuum Pumps Pablo Diaz Gomez Maqueo, Paulo C. Lozano  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrospray Emitters For Diffusion Vacuum Pumps Pablo Diaz Gomez Maqueo, Paulo C. Lozano June 2011 SSL # 12-11 #12;#12;Electrospray Emitters For Diffusion Vacuum Pumps Pablo Diaz Gomez Maqueo, Paulo C;Electrospray Emitters For Diffusion Vacuum Pumps by Pablo Diaz Gomez Maqueo Submitted to the Department

84

INFLUENCE OF EMITTER PROFILE CHARACTERISTICS ON THERMAL STABILITY AND PASSIVIATION QUALITY OF A-SI/SINX-PASSIVATED BORON EMITTERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Institute of Solar Energy Research Hameln (ISFH), Am Ohrberg 1, 31860 Emmerthal, Germany 2 Institute We present emitter saturation current densities (J0E) of different types of BBr3 furnace on n-type silicon are suit- able for the fabrication of high efficiency solar cells [1]. Cz n

85

Electrohydrodynamically driven large-area liquid ion sources  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A large-area liquid ion source comprises means for generating, over a large area of the surface of a liquid, an electric field of a strength sufficient to induce emission of ions from a large area of said liquid. Large areas in this context are those distinct from emitting areas in unidimensional emitters.

Pregenzer, Arian L. (Corrales, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Thermionic energy conversion with a preferentially oriented tungsten emitter. [Nb; W  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Thermionic converter with a W(110) emitter was tested with updated instrumentation. The purpose was to verify and establish that the present setup was suitable for testing state of the art converters such as the advanced thermionic initiative converter in the near future. The experimental results were characterized and compared to computer simulations generated with a one dimensional computer code. Thermionic converter applications require an emitter that produces large current density and a collector that yields a high output voltage. Practical converters should be easy to fabricate from readily available materials and provide long service lives. In order to develop such a converter, programs to screen and test the numerous promising electrode combinations are absolutely necessary. The evaluation of rare and expensive thermionic materials became feasible with the introduction of this device because of the small size of its electrode. The present result showed that the maximum power output from the preferentially oriented W(110) diminode was 9.0 watts/cm{sup 2}.

Tsao, B.; Ramalingam, M.L. (Universal Energy Systems, Inc. 4401 Dayton-Xenia Road Dayton, OH (USA)); Donovan, B.D.; Cloyd, J.S. (Aerospace Power Division WRDC/POOC, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH (USA))

1991-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

87

High efficiency rare-earth emitter for thermophotovoltaic applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, we propose a rare-earth-based ceramic thermal emitter design that can boost thermophotovoltaic (TPV) efficiencies significantly without cold-side filters at a temperature of 1573?K (1300?°C). The proposed emitter enhances a naturally occurring rare earth transition using quality-factor matching, with a quarter-wave stack as a highly reflective back mirror, while suppressing parasitic losses via exponential chirping of a multilayer reflector transmitting only at short wavelengths. This allows the emissivity to approach the blackbody limit for wavelengths overlapping with the absorption peak of the rare-earth material, while effectively reducing the losses associated with undesirable long-wavelength emission. We obtain TPV efficiencies of 34% using this layered design, which only requires modest index contrast, making it particularly amenable to fabrication via a wide variety of techniques, including sputtering, spin-coating, and plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition.

Sakr, E. S.; Zhou, Z.; Bermel, P., E-mail: pbermel@purdue.edu [Birck Nanotechnology Center, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, 1205 W. State St., West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

88

Nonlocality from N>2 independent single-photon emitters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate that intensity correlations of second order in the fluorescence light of N>2 single-photon emitters may violate locality while the visibility of the signal remains below 1/{radical}(2){approx_equal}71%. For this, we derive a homogeneous Bell-Wigner-type inequality, which can be applied to a broad class of experimental setups. We trace the violation of this inequality back to path entanglement created by the process of detection.

Thiel, C.; Wiegner, R.; Zanthier, J. von [Institut fuer Optik, Information und Photonik, Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany); Agarwal, G. S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078-3072 (United States)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

Radial arrays of nano-electrospray ionization emitters and methods of forming electrosprays  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electrospray ionization emitter arrays, as well as methods for forming electrosprays, are described. The arrays are characterized by a radial configuration of three or more nano-electrospray ionization emitters without an extractor electrode. The methods are characterized by distributing fluid flow of the liquid sample among three or more nano-electrospray ionization emitters, forming an electrospray at outlets of the emitters without utilizing an extractor electrode, and directing the electrosprays into an entrance to a mass spectrometry device. Each of the nano-electrospray ionization emitters can have a discrete channel for fluid flow. The nano-electrospray ionization emitters are circularly arranged such that each is shielded substantially equally from an electrospray-inducing electric field.

Kelly, Ryan T [West Richland, WA; Tang, Keqi [Richland, WA; Smith, Richard D [Richland, WA

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

90

Silicon solar cells made by a self-aligned, selective-emitter, plasma-etchback process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A potentially low-cost process for forming and passivating a selective emitter. The process uses a plasma etch of the heavily doped emitter to improve its performance. The grids of the solar cell are used to mask the plasma etch so that only the emitter in the region between the grids is etched, while the region beneath the grids remains heavily doped for low contact resistance. This process is potentially low-cost because it requires no alignment. After the emitter etch, a silicon nitride layer is deposited by plasma-enhanced, chemical vapor deposition, and the solar cell is annealed in a forming gas. 5 figs.

Ruby, D.S.; Schubert, W.K.; Gee, J.M.

1999-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

91

E-Print Network 3.0 - auger emitter dependent Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Technology (MIT) Collection: Engineering 7 24th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Hamburg, Germany, Sept. 2009 THE BURIED EMITTER SOLAR CELL CONCEPT...

92

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha emitters produced Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

<< < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 24th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Hamburg, Germany, Sept. 2009 THE BURIED EMITTER SOLAR CELL CONCEPT Summary: techniques for producing...

93

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha particle emitters Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

longitudinal emittance growth in the rebuncher. Therefore opening a ... Source: TRIUMF Isotope Separation and ACceleration (ISAC) facility, beta-NMR Group Collection: Physics 48...

94

Silicon solar cells made by a self-aligned, selective-emitter, plasma-etchback process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A potentially low-cost process for forming and passivating a selective emitter. The process uses a plasma etch of the heavily doped emitter to improve its performance. The grids of the solar cell are used to mask the plasma etch so that only the emitter in the region between the grids is etched, while the region beneath the grids remains heavily doped for low contact resistance. This process is potentially low-cost because it requires no alignment. After the emitter etch, a silicon nitride layer is deposited by plasma-enhanced, chemical vapor deposition, and the solar cell is annealed in a forming gas.

Ruby, Douglas S. (Albuquerque, NM); Schubert, William K. (Albuquerque, NM); Gee, James M. (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha emitters ii Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

exceeded... toxicity alpha ... Source: Yucca Mountain Project, US EPA Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 22 Fabrication and Characterization of Porous Metal Emitters...

96

Deterministic photon-emitter coupling in chiral photonic circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ability to engineer photon emission and photon scattering is at the heart of modern photonics applications ranging from light harvesting, through novel compact light sources, to quantum-information processing based on single photons. Nanophotonic waveguides are particularly well suited for such applications since they confine photon propagation to a 1D geometry thereby increasing the interaction between light and matter. Adding chiral functionalities to nanophotonic waveguides lead to new opportunities enabling integrated and robust quantum-photonic devices or the observation of novel topological photonic states. In a regular waveguide, a quantum emitter radiates photons in either of two directions, and photon emission and absorption are reverse processes. This symmetry is violated in nanophotonic structures where a non-transversal local electric field implies that both photon emission and scattering may become directional. Here we experimentally demonstrate that the internal state of a quantum emitter determines the chirality of single-photon emission in a specially engineered photonic-crystal waveguide. Single-photon emission into the waveguide with a directionality of more than 90\\% is observed under conditions where practically all emitted photons are coupled to the waveguide. Such deterministic and highly directional photon emission enables on-chip optical diodes, circulators operating at the single-photon level, and deterministic quantum gates. Based on our experimental demonstration, we propose an experimentally achievable and fully scalable deterministic photon-photon CNOT gate, which so far has been missing in photonic quantum-information processing where most gates are probabilistic.

Immo Söllner; Sahand Mahmoodian; Sofie Lindskov Hansen; Leonardo Midolo; Alisa Javadi; Gabija Kiršansk?; Tommaso Pregnolato; Haitham El-Ella; Eun Hye Lee; Jin Dong Song; Søren Stobbe; Peter Lodahl

2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

97

Peleased on receipt ;.ut;intended f o r use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Farm is a l i t t l e matter of 91,343,000 miles, Such a time has its biggest apparent size, as seen and the solar rays are much Inclined even at midday. Yoreover, even such sunshine as we get is large- l y l o

98

Surface application of molybdenum silicide onto gated poly-Si emitters for enhanced field emission performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the merits of molybdenum Mo silicide formation on gated polycrystalline silicon poly-Si field emitters. Metal, any metal silicide can be adopted without reSurface application of molybdenum silicide onto gated poly-Si emitters for enhanced field emission

Lee, Jong Duk

99

Department Chair Leadership and Management Roles This document is not intended to include every duty or responsibility of every chair; rather, it is intended to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department Chair Leadership and Management Roles This document is not intended to include every leadership role that is part-administrator (managing, budgeting, scheduling) and part-faculty (teaching and correctives when necessary. Management · Managing the department's curriculum, being conversant

Hemmers, Oliver

100

Emittance growth of an nonequilibrium intense electron beam in a transport channel with discrete focusing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The author analyzes the emittance growth mechanisms for a continuous, intense electron beam in a focusing transport channel, over distances short enough that the beam does not reach equilibrium. The emittance grows from the effect of nonlinear forces arising from (1) current density nonuniformities, (2) energy variations leading to nonlinearities in the space-charge force even if the current density is uniform, (3) axial variations in the radial vector potential, (4) an axial velocity shear along the beam, and (5) an energy redistribution of the beam as the beam compresses or expands. The emittance growth is studied analytically and numerically for the cases of balanced flow, tight focusing, and slight beam scalloping, and is additionally studied numerically for an existing 6-MeV induction linear accelerator. Rules for minimizing the emittance along a beamline are established. Some emittance growth will always occur, both from current density nonuniformities that arise along the transport and from beam radius changes along the transport.

Carlsten, B.E.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Numerical studies of emittance exchange in 2-D charged-particle beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe results obtained from a two-dimensional particle-following computer code that simulates a continuous, nonrelativistic, elliptical charged-particle beam with linear continuous focusing. Emittances and focusing strengths can be different in the two transverse directions. The results can be applied, for example, for a quadrupole transport system in a smooth approximation to a real beam with unequal emittances in the two planes. The code was used to study emittance changes caused by kinetic-energy exchange between transverse directions and by shifts in charge distributions. Simulation results for space-charge-dominated beams agree well with analytic formulas. From simulation results, an empirical formula was developed for a ''partition parameter'' (the ratio of kinetic energies in the two directions) as a function of initial conditions and beamline length. Quantitative emittance changes for each transverse direction can be predicted by using this parameter. Simulation results also agree with Hofmann's generalized differential equation relating emittance and field energy.

Guy, F.W.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Characterization of Drip Emitters and Computing Distribution Uniformity in a Drip Irrigation System at Low Pressure Under Uniform Land Slopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characteristics of emitters under low pressure are essential for designing drip irrigation systems. Low pressure data for drip emitters are not available from manufacturers. A laboratory test was conducted to evaluate the performance of five types...

Dutta, Deba P.

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

103

Cluster radioactivities from an island of cluster emitters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have recently developed a realistic model for studying cluster radioactivities from actinide nuclei. This model uses a cubic potential in the overlapping region connected by a Yukawa-plus-exponential potential in the post-scission region. In the present work we use this model to study {sup 4}He, {sup 12}C, {sup 16}O, and {sup 28}Si radioactivities in the region of nuclides with proton and neutron number in the range {ital Z}=56--64 and {ital N}=58--72, which has been recently identified by Poenaru {ital et} {ital al}. as a new island of such cluster emitters. It is found that charge equilibration is not needed in the study of these radioactivities and the half-lives obtained for these decays lie very close to those reported by Poenaru {ital et} {ital al}. using their analytical super asymmetric fission model.

Shanmugam, G.; Carmel Vigila Bai, G.M. [Department of Physics, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli 627 002 (India)] [Department of Physics, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli 627 002 (India); Kamalaharan, B. [Department of Physics, Presidency College, Madras 600 005 (India)] [Department of Physics, Presidency College, Madras 600 005 (India)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Ergonomic Chair Specifications These specifications are intended to address most employees. Employees that have  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ergonomic Chair Specifications These specifications are intended to address most employees should consult Environmental Health & Safety if they require a special ergonomic chair. a. Any chair must

de Lijser, Peter

105

Measurement Of Transverse Instability Thresholds In Low And high Emittance optics At The Photon Factory Storage Ring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurement Of Transverse Instability Thresholds In Low And high Emittance optics At The Photon Factory Storage Ring

Sakanaka, S; Kamiya, Yu; Katoh, M; Kobayakawa, H

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Proposal and design of a new SiC-emitter lateral NPM Schottky collector bipolar transistor on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal and design of a new SiC-emitter lateral NPM Schottky collector bipolar transistor on SOI, a SiC emitter lateral NPM Schottky collector bipolar transistor (SCBT) with a silicon-on-insulator (SOI on simulation results, the authors demonstrate for the first time that the proposed SiC emitter lateral NPM

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

107

Space-charged-induced emittance growth in the transport of high-brightness electron beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The emittance induced by space charge in a drifting beam of finite length has been investigated, and a scaling law has been obtained from simple considerations of the different rates of expansion of different portions of the beam. The scaling law predicts the initial rate of emittance growth, before the beam shape has distorted significantly, and thus represents an upper bound on the rate of emittance increase. This scaling law has been substantiated by particle-in-cell simulation and the dependence on geometric factors evaluated for specific choices of the beam profile. For long, axially nonuniform beams, the geometric factors have been evaluated explicitly for Gaussian profiles, and other shapes.

Jones, M.E.; Carlsten, B.E.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Longitudinal pulse shaping for the suppression of coherent synchrotron radiation-induced emittance growth  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

The damaging effect of coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) on the emittance and energy spread of high-energy beams in accelerator light sources can significantly constrain the machine design and performance. We propose a mitigation approach in which the dynamical effect of the longitudinal component of CSR is suppressed by appropriately preparing the initial longitudinal current profile of the beam. In a chicane, a linear theory for the mechanism of CSR-induced emittance growth is used to demonstrate how this procedure can produce a beam whose core experiences suppressed transverse emittance growth. The dynamics of such a beam is illustrated for the Berlin-Zeuthen CSR benchmark chicane.

Mitchell, Chad; Qiang, Ji; Emma, Paul

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Transverse Beam Emittance Measurements of a 16 MeV Linac at the Idaho Accelerator Center  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A beam emittance measurement of the 16 MeV S-band High Repetition Rate Linac (HRRL) was performed at Idaho State University's Idaho Accelerator Center (IAC). The HRRL linac structure was upgraded beyond the capabilities of a typical medical linac so it can achieve a repetition rate of 1 kHz. Measurements of the HRRL transverse beam emittance are underway that will be used to optimize the production of positrons using HRRL's intense electron beam on a tungsten converter. In this paper, we describe a beam imaging system using on an OTR screen and a digital CCD camera, a MATLAB tool to extract beamsize and emittance, detailed measurement procedures, and the measured transverse emittances for an arbitrary beam energy of 15 MeV.

S. Setiniyaz, T.A. Forest, K. Chouffani, Y. Kim, A. Freyberger

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

alumina-titania high emittance: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and analysis of lateral SiC N-emitter SiGe P-base Schottky metal-collector (NPM) HBT on SOI Engineering Websites Summary: on SOI M. Jagadesh Kumar *, C. Linga Reddy...

111

Study of Collective Effects for the PEP Low-Emittance Optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the PEP Low-Emittance Optics" MS. Zisman,(l] M Borland,[found from the collider optics. 5 As is obvious. thelore" for the PEP collider optics. 13 where the transverse

Zisman, M.S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Characterization of wastewater subsurface drip emitters and design approaches concerning system application uniformity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

applications showed low application uniformities, which was reflected in overloading of the field near the supply manifold while low emitter discharge rates occurred at the end of lateral. Designers are seeking appropriate operation pressures and drip zone...

Duan, Xiaojing

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

113

Demonstration of Cathode Emittance Dominated High Bunch Charge Beams in a DC gun-based Photoinjector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of transverse emittance and longitudinal current profile measurements of high bunch charge (greater than or equal to 100 pC) beams produced in the DC gun-based Cornell Energy Recovery Linac Photoinjector. In particular, we show that the cathode thermal and core beam emittances dominate the final 95% and core emittance measured at 9-9.5 MeV. Additionally, we demonstrate excellent agreement between optimized 3D space charge simulations and measurement, and show that the quality of the transverse laser distribution limits the optimal simulated and measured emittances. These results, previously thought achievable only with RF guns, demonstrate that DC gun based photoinjectors are capable of delivering beams with sufficient single bunch charge and beam quality suitable for many current and next generation accelerator projects such as Energy Recovery Linacs (ERLs) and Free Electron Lasers (FELs).

Gulliford, Colwyn; Bazarov, Ivan; Dunham, Bruce; Cultrera, Luca

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Storage of charge carriers on emitter molecules in organic light-emitting diodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) using the red phosphorescent emitter iridium(III)bis(2-methyldibenzo[f,h]quinoxaline) (acetylacetonate) [Ir(MDQ)[subscript 2](acac)] are studied by time-resolved electroluminescence ...

Reineke, Sebastian

115

Undulator-Based Laser Wakefield Accelerator Electron Beam Energy Spread and Emittance Diagnostic  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design and current status of experiments to couple the Tapered Hybrid Undulator (THUNDER) to the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) laser plasma accelerator (LPA) to measure electron beam energy spread and emittance are presented.

Bakeman, M.S.; Van Tilborg, J.; Nakamura, K.; Gonsalves, A.; Osterhoff, J.; Sokollik, T.; Lin, C.; Robinson, K.E.; Schroeder, C.B.; Toth, Cs.; Weingartner, R.; Gruner, F.; Esarey, E.; Leemans, W.P.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha -ray emitter Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

recoil separator RITU was used to observe a new proton emitter 164 Ir. The nuclide... clean alpha decay spectra without beam pulsing, which results in a loss of a part of the ......

117

An Intermediate-band imaging survey for high-redshift Lyman Alpha Emitters: The Mahoroba-11  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results of our intermediate-band optical imaging survey for high-$z$ Ly$\\alpha$ emitters (LAEs) using the prime focus camera, Suprime-Cam, on the 8.2m Subaru Telescope. In our survey, we use eleven filters; four broad-band filters ($B$, $R_{\\rm c}$, $i^\\prime$, and $z^\\prime$) and seven intermediate-band filters covering from 500 nm to 720 nm; we call this imaging program as the Mahoroba-11. The seven intermediate-band filters are selected from the IA filter series that is the Suprime-Cam intermediate-band filter system whose spectral resolution is $R = 23$. Our survey has been made in a $34^\\prime \\times 27^\\prime$ sky area in the Subaru XMM Newton Deep Survey field. We have found 409 IA-excess objects that provide us a large photometric sample of strong emission-line objects. Applying the photometric redshift method to this sample, we obtained a new sample of 198 LAE candidates at $3 42.67$ between $z \\sim 3$ and 5.

Yamada, S F; Sumiya, R; Umeda, K; Shioya, Y; Ajiki, M; Nagao, T; Murayama, T; Taniguchi, Y; Yamada, Sanae F.; Sasaki, Shunji S.; Sumiya, Ryoko; Umeda, Kazuyoshi; Shioya, Yasuhiro; Ajiki, Masaru; Nagao, Tohru; Murayama, Takashi; Taniguchi, Yoshiaki

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Review and Understanding of Screen-Printed Contacts and Selective-Emitter Formation: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A comparison of the loss mechanisms in screen-printed solar cells relative to buried contact cells and cells with photolithography-defined contacts is presented in this paper. Model calculations show that emitter recombination accounts for about 0.5% absolute efficiency loss in conventional screen-printed cells with low-sheet-resistance emitters. Ohmic contact to high-sheet-resistance emitters by screen-printing has been investigated to regain this efficiency loss. Our work shows that good quality ohmic contacts to high sheet-resistance emitters can be achieved if the glass frit chemistry and Ag particle size are carefully tailored. The melting characteristics of the glass frit determine the firing scheme suitable for low contact resistance and high fill factors. In addition, small to regular Ag particles were found to help achieve a higher open-circuit voltage and maintain a low contact resistance. This work has resulted in cells with high fill factors (0.782) on high sheet-resistance emitters and efficiencies of 17.4% on planar float zone Si substrates, without the need for a selective emitter.

Hilali, M. M.; Rohatgi, A.; To, B.

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Close-spaced thermionic converters with active spacing control and heat-pipe isothermal emitters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermionic converters with interelectrode gaps smaller than 10 microns are capable of substantial performance improvements over conventional ignited mode diodes. Previous devices which have demonstrated operation at such small gaps have done so at low power densities and emitter temperatures. Higher power operation requires overcoming two primary design issues: thermal distortion of the emitter due to temperature gradients and degradation of the in-gap spacers at higher emitter temperatures. This work describes two innovations for solution of these issues. The issue of thermal distortion was addressed by an isothermal emitter incorporating a heat-pipe into its structure. Such a heat-pipe emitter, with a single-crystal emitting surface, was fabricated and characterized. Finite-element computational modeling was used to analyze its distortion with an applied heat flux. The calculations suggested that thermal distortion would be significantly reduced as compared with a solid emitter. Ongoing work and preliminary experimental results are described for a system of active interelectrode gap control. In the present design an integral transducer determines the interelectrode gap of the converter. Initial designs for spacing actuators and their required cesium vapor seals are discussed. A novel hot-shell converter design incorporating active spacing control and low-temperature seals is presented. A converter incorporating the above features would be capable of near ideal-converter performance at high power densities. In addition, active spacing control can potentially completely eliminate short-circuit failures in thermionic converter systems.

Fitzpatrick, G.O.; Koester, J.K.; Chang, J.; Britt, E.J.; McVey, J.B. [Space Power, Inc., San Jose, CA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

120

Emittance studies at the Los Alamos National Laboratory Free-Electron Laser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent emittance studies at the Los Alamos FEL have indicated several areas of concern in the linac and beamline feeding the wiggler. Four emittance growth mechanisms of special importance have been studied. First, a rapid growth of the electron beam's emittance immediately after the spherical gridded Pierce gun resulted, in part, from the long time required for our pulsing electronics to ramp the grid voltage up at the start and down at the end of the pulse, which created a pulse with a cosine-like current distribution as a function of time. The growth was compounded by the extremely small radial beam size (almost a waist) leaving the gun. In addition, we saw evidence of electrostatic charging of the insulators in the gun, reducing the quality of the electron beam further. Second, the action of the solenoidal focusing fields in the low-voltage bunching region was studied, and criteria for a minimum emittance growth were established. Third, maximum misalignment angles and displacements for various elements of the beamline were calculated for the desired low emittance growth. Finally, emittance growth in the horizontal dimension through the nonisochronous bend caused by varying energy depression on the particles due to longitudinal wake fields was both calculated and observed. In addition, we measured energy depressions caused by the wake fields generated by various other elements in the beamline. Strategies were developed to relieve the magnitude of these wake-field effects. 10 refs., 12 figs.

Carlsten, B.E.; Feldman, D.W.; Lumpkin, A.H.; Stein, W.E.; Warren, R.W.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Improving the Sensitivity of Mass Spectrometry by Using a New Sheath Flow Electrospray Emitter Array at Subambient Pressures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Arrays of chemically etched emitters with individualized sheath gas capillaries have been developed to enhance electrospray ionization (ESI) at subambient pressures. By including an emitter array in a subambient pressure ionization with nanoelectrospray (SPIN) source, ionization and transmission efficiency can be maximized allowing for increased sensitivity in mass spectrometric analyses. The SPIN source eliminates the major ion losses at conventional ESI-mass spectrometry (MS) interface by placing the emitter in the first vacuum region of the instrument. To facilitate stable electrospray currents in such conditions we have developed an improved emitter array with individualized sheath gas around each emitter. The utility of the new emitter arrays for generating stable multi-electrosprays at subambient pressures was probed by coupling the emitter array/SPIN source with a time of flight (TOF) mass spectrometer. The instrument sensitivity was compared between single emitter/SPIN-MS and multi-emitter/SPIN-MS configurations using an equimolar solution of 9 peptides. An increase in sensitivity correlative to the number of emitters in the array was observed.

Cox, Jonathan T.; Marginean, Ioan; Kelly, Ryan T.; Smith, Richard D.; Tang, Keqi

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Multiple intrinsically identical single photon emitters in the solid-state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emitters of indistinguishable single photons are crucial for the growing field of quantum technologies. To realize scalability and increase the complexity of quantum optics technologies, multiple independent yet identical single photon emitters are also required. However typical solid-state single photon sources are inherently dissimilar, necessitating the use of electrical feedback or optical cavities to improve spectral overlap between distinct emitters. Here, we demonstrate bright silicon-vacancy (SiV-) centres in low-strain bulk diamond which intrinsically show spectral overlap of up to 91% and near transform-limited excitation linewidths. Our results have impact upon the application of single photon sources for quantum optics and cryptography, and the production of next generation fluorophores for bio-imaging.

Lachlan J. Rogers; Kay D. Jahnke; T. Teraji; Luca Marseglia; Christoph. Müller; Boris Naydenov; Hardy Schauffert; C. Kranz; Junichi Isoya; Liam P. McGuinness; Fedor Jelezko

2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

123

Total hemispherical emittance measured at high temperatures by the calorimetric method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A calorimetric vacuum emissometer (CVE) capable of measuring total hemispherical emittance of surfaces at elevated temperatures was designed, built, and tested. Several materials with a wide range of emittances were measured in the CVE between 773 to 923 K. These results were compared to values calculated from spectral emittance curves measured in a room temperature Hohlraum reflectometer and in an open-air elevated temperature emissometer. The results differed by as much as 0.2 for some materials but were in closer agreement for the more highly-emitting, diffuse-reflecting samples. The differences were attributed to temperature, atmospheric, and directional effects, and errors in the Hohlraum and emissometer measurements ({+-} 5 percent). The probable error of the CVE measurements was typically less than 1 percent.

DiFilippo, F. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States); Mirtich, M.J.; Banks, B.A. [Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH (United States); Stidham, C.; Kussmaul, M. [Cleveland State Univ., OH (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Spontaneous fluctuations of transition dipole moment orientation in OLED triplet emitters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The efficiency of an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) depends on the microscopic orientation of transition dipole moments of the molecular emitters. The most effective materials used for light generation have threefold symmetry, which prohibit a priori determination of dipole orientation due to the degeneracy of the fundamental transition. Single-molecule spectroscopy reveals that the model triplet emitter tris(2-phenylisoquinoline)iridium(III) (Ir(piq)3) does not behave as a linear dipole, radiating with lower polarization anisotropy than expected. Spontaneous symmetry breaking occurs in the excited state, leading to a random selection of one of the three ligands to form a charge transfer state with the metal. This non-deterministic localization is revealed in switching of the degree of linear polarization of phosphorescence. Polarization scrambling likely raises out-coupling efficiency and should be taken into account when deriving molecular orientation of the guest emitter within the OLED host from ense...

Steiner, Florian; Vogelsang, Jan; Lupton, John M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

In-plane emission of indistinguishable photons generated by an integrated quantum emitter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate the emission of indistinguishable photons along a semiconductor chip originating from carrier recombination in an InAs quantum dot. The emitter is integrated in the waveguiding region of a photonic crystal structure, allowing for on-chip light propagation. We perform a Hong-Ou-Mandel-type of experiment with photons collected from the exit of the waveguide, and we observe two-photon interference under continuous wave excitation. Our results pave the way for the integration of quantum emitters in advanced photonic quantum circuits.

Kalliakos, Sokratis, E-mail: sokratis.kalliakos@crl.toshiba.co.uk; Bennett, Anthony J.; Ward, Martin B.; Ellis, David J. P.; Skiba-Szymanska, Joanna; Shields, Andrew J. [Cambridge Research Laboratory, Toshiba Research Europe Limited, 208 Science Park, Milton Road, Cambridge CB4 0GZ (United Kingdom); Brody, Yarden; Schwagmann, Andre [Cambridge Research Laboratory, Toshiba Research Europe Limited, 208 Science Park, Milton Road, Cambridge CB4 0GZ (United Kingdom); Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J. J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Farrer, Ian; Griffiths, Jonathan P.; Jones, Geb A. C.; Ritchie, David A. [Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J. J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom)

2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

126

Microelectrode for energy and current control of nanotip field electron emitters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Emerging experiments and applications in electron microscopy, holography, and diffraction benefit from miniaturized electron guns for compact experimental setups. We present a highly compact microelectrode integrated field emitter that consists of a tungsten nanotip coated with a few micrometers thick polyimide film followed by a several nanometers thick gold film, both positioned behind the exposed emitter apex by approximately 10–30??m. The control of the electric field strength at the nanometer scale tip apex allows suppression, extraction, and energy tuning of field-emitted electrons. The performance of the microelectrode is demonstrated experimentally and supported by numerical simulations.

Lüneburg, S.; Müller, M., E-mail: m.mueller@fhi-berlin.mpg.de; Paarmann, A., E-mail: alexander.paarmann@fhi-berlin.mpg.de; Ernstorfer, R. [Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Faradayweg 4-6, 14195 Berlin (Germany)] [Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Faradayweg 4-6, 14195 Berlin (Germany)

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

127

Vibration Damping Control of Robot Arm Intended for Service Application in Human Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vibration Damping Control of Robot Arm Intended for Service Application in Human Environment anthropomorphic robot arm enabling the torque measurement in each joint and tactile area recognition to ensure in heavily loaded joints have risen due to compliances introduced into each joint of the robot arm by means

Tachi, Susumu

128

Abstract--Implementation of Distribution Automation (DA) and Demand Side Management (DSM) intended to serve both  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract--Implementation of Distribution Automation (DA) and Demand Side Management (DSM) intended with differentiate QoS in a multitasking environment. I. INTRODUCTION ODERN society demands a reliable and high by the distribution utility for the security. REMPLI (Remote Energy Management over Power Lines and Internet) system

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

129

READY FOR TODAY. PREPARING FOR TOMORROW. The Joint Operating Environment is intended to inform joint concept  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

READY FOR TODAY. PREPARING FOR TOMORROW. #12;The Joint Operating Environment is intended to inform. Inquiries about the Joint Operating Environment should be directed to USJFCOM Public Affairs, 1562 Mitscher R O N M E N T ( J O E ) #12;While U.S. Joint Forces Command's Joint Operating Environment (JOE

Sainudiin, Raazesh

130

Assessing the operational life of flexible printed boards intended for continuous flexing applications : a case study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through the vehicle of a case study, this paper describes in detail how the guidance found in the suite of IPC (Association Connecting Electronics Industries) publications can be applied to develop a high level of design assurance that flexible printed boards intended for continuous flexing applications will satisfy specified lifetime requirements.

Beck, David Franklin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Radiation-induced gain degradation in lateral PNP BJTs with lightly and heavily doped emitters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ionizing radiation may cause failures in ICs due to gain degradation of individual devices. The base current of irradiated bipolar devices increases with total dose, while the collector current remains relatively constant. This results in a decrease in the current gain. Lateral PNP (LPNP) transistors typically exhibit more degradation than vertical PNP devices at the same total dose, and have been blamed as the cause of early IC failures at low dose rates. It is important to understand the differences in total-dose response between devices with heavily- and lightly-doped emitters in order to compare different technologies and evaluate the applicability of proposed low-dose-rate hardness-assurance methods. This paper addresses these differences by comparing two different LPNP devices from the same process: one with a heavily-doped emitter and one with a lightly-doped emitter. Experimental results demonstrate that the lightly-doped devices are more sensitive to ionizing radiation and simulations illustrate that increased recombination on the emitter side of the junction is responsible for the higher sensitivity.

Wu, A. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Schrimpf, R.D. [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States); Pease, R.L. [RLP Research, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Fleetwood, D.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Kosier, S.L. [VTC Inc., Bloomington, MN (United States)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

A WhatandWhere Fusion Neural Network for Recognition and Tracking of Multiple Radar Emitters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is proposed for classification of radar pulses in autonomous Electronic Support Measure systems. Radar type a high level of performance on complex, incomplete and overlapping radar data. #12; 1 Introduction RadarA What­and­Where Fusion Neural Network for Recognition and Tracking of Multiple Radar Emitters Eric

Grossberg, Stephen

133

Precise half-life measurement of the superallowed beta(+) emitter (26)Si  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We measured the half-life of the superallowed 0(+) -> 0(+) beta(+) emitter (26)Si to be 2245.3(7) ms. We used pure sources of (26)Si and employed a high-efficiency gas counter, whichwas sensitive to positrons from both this nuclide and its daughter...

Iacob, V. E.; Hardy, John C.; Banu, A.; Chen, L.; Golovko, V. V.; Goodwin, J.; Horvat, V.; Nica, N.; Park, H. I.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

A FREEWARE 1D EMITTER MODEL FOR SILICON SOLAR CELLS Keith R. McIntosh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Centre for Sustainable Energy Systems, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, AUSTRALIA 2 Leibniz University of Hannover, Inst. of Solid-State Physics, Dep. Solar Energy, Appelstrasse 2, 30167A FREEWARE 1D EMITTER MODEL FOR SILICON SOLAR CELLS Keith R. McIntosh 1 and Pietro P. Altermatt 2 1

135

Thin-film 'Thermal Well' Emitters and Absorbers for High-Efficiency Thermophotovoltaics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new approach is introduced to significantly improve the performance of thermophotovoltaic (TPV) systems by using low-dimensional thermal emitters and photovoltaic (PV) cells. By reducing the thickness of both the emitter and the PV cell, strong spectral selectivity in both thermal emission and absorption can be achieved by confining photons in trapped waveguide modes inside the thin-films that act as thermal analogs to quantum wells. Simultaneously, photo-excited carriers travel shorter distances across the thin-films reducing bulk recombination losses resulting in a lower saturation current in the PV cell. We predict a TPV efficiency enhancement with near-field coupling between the thermal emitter and the PV cell of up to 38.7% using a germanium (Ge) emitter at 1000 K and a gallium antimonide (GaSb) cell with optimized thicknesses separated by 100 nm. Even in the far-field limit, the efficiency is predicted to reach 31.5%, which is an order of magnitude higher than the Shockley Queisser limit of 1.6% for a...

Tong, Jonathan K; Huang, Yi; Boriskina, Svetlana V; Chen, Gang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Absorber and emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems to achieve efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Absorber and emitter for solar thermo- photovoltaic systems to achieve efficiency exceeding-junction solar cell can attain efficiency that exceeds the Shockley-Queisser limit. ©2009 Optical Society and links 1. W. Shockley, and H. J. Queisser, "Detailed Balance Limit of Efficiency of p-n Junction Solar

Fan, Shanhui

137

Emitter tests in an open thermionic converter with vapor injection through the collector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mo and Pt emitters and a Ni collector with 400 laser-bored holes were used in an ''open'' thermionic converter. The alkali vapor was introduced into the converter through the array of holes in the collector from an adjacent alkali metal reservoir with separately controlled temperature. The overall results from the open thermionic converter are comparable to results from enclosed converters. The results found with a Cs plasma are encouraging, with barrier indices down to below 1.8 eV, at emitter temperatures around 1500 K in the case of a Mo emitter. The output power density was around 3.5 W cm/sup -2/. In the case of a Pt emitter, both Cs and K plasmas were used, with power densities up to 5.7 and 1.8 W cm/sup -2/, respectively close to 1800 K. The structure of the laser-bored collector may have contributed to these results, as well as the efficient removal of impurities in the ''open'' converter.

Wriedt, S.; Moeller, K.; Holmlid, L.

1986-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

Precise half-life measurement of the superallowed beta(+) emitter (10)C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The half-life of (10)C has been measured to be 19.310(4) s, a result with 0.02% precision, which is a factor of three improvement over the best previous result. Since (10)C is the lightest superallowed 0(+)-> 0(+) beta(+) emitter, its ft value has...

Iacob, V. E.; Hardy, John C.; Golovko, V.; Goodwin, J.; Nica, N.; Park, H. I.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Method or forming emitters for a back-contact solar cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of forming emitters for back-contact solar cells are described. In one embodiment, a method includes forming a first solid-state dopant source above a substrate. The first solid-state dopant source includes a plurality of regions separated by gaps. Regions of a second solid-state dopant source are formed above the substrate by printing.

Li, Bo; Cousins, Peter J.; Smith, David D.

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

140

Method of forming emitters for a back-contact solar cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of forming emitters for back-contact solar cells are described. In one embodiment, a method includes forming a first solid-state dopant source above a substrate. The first solid-state dopant source includes a plurality of regions separated by gaps. Regions of a second solid-state dopant source are formed above the substrate by printing.

Li, Bo; Cousins, Peter J; Smith, David D

2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Silicon cells made by self-aligned selective-emitter plasma-etchback process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Photovoltaic cells and methods for making them are disclosed wherein the metallized grids of the cells are used to mask portions of cell emitter regions to allow selective etching of phosphorus-doped emitter regions. The preferred etchant is SF.sub.6 or a combination of SF.sub.6 and O.sub.2. This self-aligned selective etching allows for enhanced blue response (versus cells with uniform heavy doping of the emitter) while preserving heavier doping in the region beneath the gridlines needed for low contact resistance. Embodiments are disclosed for making cells with or without textured surfaces. Optional steps include plasma hydrogenation and PECVD nitride deposition, each of which are suited to customized applications for requirements of given cells to be manufactured. The techniques disclosed could replace expensive and difficult alignment methodologies used to obtain selectively etched emitters, and they may be easily integrated with existing plasma processing methods and techniques of the invention may be accomplished in a single plasma-processing chamber.

Ruby, Douglas S. (Albuquerque, NM); Schubert, William K. (Albuquerque, NM); Gee, James M. (Albuquerque, NM); Zaidi, Saleem H. (Albuquerque, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Field Emission Properties of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes with a Variety of Emitter-Morphologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Field Emission Properties of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes with a Variety of Emitter@chemsys.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp Field emission properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), which have been prepared through: single-walled carbon nanotube, field emission, alcohol catalytic chemical vapor deposition, ethanol

Maruyama, Shigeo

143

An Observation of a Transverse to Longitudinal Emittance Exchange at the Fermilab A0 Photoinjector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental program to perform a proof of principle of transverse to longitudinal emittance exchange ({epsilon}{sub x{sub in}} {Leftrightarrow} {epsilon}{sub z{sub out}} and {epsilon}{sub z{sub in}} {Leftrightarrow} {epsilon}{sub x{sub out}}) has been developed at the Fermilab A0 Photoinjector. A new beamline, including two magnetic dogleg channels and a TM{sub 110} deflecting mode radio frequency cavity, were constructed for the emittance exchange experiment. The first priority was a measurement of the Emittance Exchange beamline transport matrix. The method of difference orbits was used to measure the transport matrix. Through varying individual beam input vector elements, such as x{sub in}, x'{sub in}, y{sub in}, y'{sub in}, z{sub in}, or {delta}{sub in}, and measuring the changes in all of the beam output vector's elements, x{sub out}, x'{sub out}, y{sub out}, y'{sub out}, z{sub out}, {delta}{sub out}, the full 6 x 6 transport matrix was measured. The measured emittance exchange transport matrix was in overall good agreement with our calculated transport matrix. A direct observation of an emittance exchange was performed by measuring the electron beam's characteristics before and after the emittance exchange beamline. Operating with a 14.3 MeV, 250pC electron bunch, {epsilon}{sub z{sub in}} of 21.1 {+-} 1.5 mm{center_dot}mrad was observed to be exchanged with {epsilon}{sub x{sub out}} of 20.8 {+-} 2.00 mm{center_dot}mrad. Diagnostic limitations in the {epsilon}{sub z{sub out}} measurement did not account for an energy-time correlation, thus potentially returning values larger than the actual longitudinal emittance. The {epsilon}{sub x{sub in}} of 4.67 {+-} 0.22 mm{center_dot}mrad was observed to be exchanged with {epsilon}{sub z{sub out}} of 7.06 {+-} 0.43 mm{center_dot}mrad. The apparent {epsilon}{sub z{sub out}} growth is consistent with calculated values in which the correlation term is neglected.

Koeth, Timothy W.; /Rutgers U., Piscataway

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Permanent Magnet Skew Quadrupoles for the Low Emittance LER Lattice of PEP-II  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The vertical emittance of the low energy ring (LER) in the PEP-II B-Factory was reduced by using skew quadrupoles consisting of permanent magnet material. The advantages over electric quadrupoles or rotating existing normal quadrupoles are discussed. To assure a high field quality, a Biot-Savart calculation was used to cancel the natural 12-pole component by using different size poles over a few layers. A magnetic measurement confirmed the high quality of the magnets. After installation and adjusting the original electric 12 skew and 16 normal quadrupoles the emittance contribution from the region close to the interaction point, which was the biggest part in the original design, was considerably reduced. To strengthen the vertical behavior of the LER beam, a low emittance lattice was developed. It lowered the original vertical design emittance from 0.54 nm-rad to 0.034 nm-rad. In order to achieve this, additional skew quadrupoles were required to bring the coupling correction out of the arcs and closer to the detector solenoid in the straight (Fig. 1). It is important, together with low vertical dispersion, that the low vertical emittance is not coupled into the horizontal, which is what we get if the coupling correction continues into the arcs. Further details of the lattice work is described in another paper; here we concentrate on the development of the permanent skew (PSK) quadrupole solution. Besides the permanent magnets there are two other possibilities, using electric magnets or rotating normal quadrupoles. Electric magnets would have required much more additional equipment like magnets stands, power supply, and new vacuum chamber sections. Rotating existing quadrupoles was also not feasible since they are mostly mounted together with a bending magnet on the same support girder.

Decker, F.-J.; Anderson, S.; Kharakh, D.; Sullivan, M.; /SLAC

2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

145

NOVEL COMPUTATIONAL SIMULATION OF REDOX REACTIONS WITHIN A METAL ELECTROSPRAY EMITTER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To further both our fundamental understanding implications of the electrolytic nature of the electrospray and our understanding of the analytical ion source, in the context of electrospray mass spectrometry (ES-MS), a computational simulation of the oxidation of chemical species inside a metal emitter has been developed. The analysis code employs a boundary integral method for the solution of the Laplace equation for the electric potential and current, and incorporates standard activation and concentration polarization functions for the redox active species in the system to define the boundary conditions. The specific system modeled consisted of a 100 {mu}m i .d., inert metal capillary CHICN/H2O (90/10 V/V). ES emitter and a spray solution comprised of an analyte dissolved in Variable parameters included the concentration (i.e., 5, 10, 20, and 50 ~M) of the easily oxidized analyte ferrocene (Fe, dicyclopentadienyl iron) in the solution, and solution conductivities of 1.9, 3.8, and 7.6 x 107 Mho/cm. ES currents were on the order of 0.05 {mu}A and the flow rate was 5 @A_nin. Under these defined conditions, the two most prominent reactions at the emitter metakolution interface were assumed to be H20 oxidation (2H20 = 02 + 4H+ + 4e") and Fe oxidation (Fe = Fe' +e-). Using this model it was possible to predict the inter-facial potentials, as well as the current density for each of the reactions, as a function of axial position from the emitter spray tip back upstream, under the various operational conditions. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) calculations showed that the imposed flow rate through the emitter was adequate to prevent significant back-diffusion of Fe+ into the emitter against the flow direction. The computational simulations predict the same behavior for the ES ion source as has been observed experimentally and is consistent with the controlled-current electrolytic cell analogy of Van Berkel and Zhou (Anal. Chem. 1995, 67,.2916-2923). Furthermore, the simulations demonstrate that the majority of the current involved in the redox reactions originated within a 200- 300 ~m region near the spray tip.

BULLOCK, J.S.IV; GILES, G.E.; GRAY, L.J.; VAN BERKEL, G.J.

1999-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

146

Studies and calculations of transverse emittance growth in high-energy proton storage rings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the operation of proton-antiproton colliders, an important goal is to maximize the integrated luminosity. During such operations in the Fermilab Tevatron, the transverse beam emittances were observed to grow unexpectedly quickly, thus causing a serious reduction of the luminosity. We have studied this phenomenon experimentally and theoretically. A formula for the emittance growth rate, due to random dipole kicks, is derived. In the experiment, RF phase noise of known amplitude was deliberately injected into the Tevatron to kick the beam randomly, via dispersion at the RF cavities. Theory and experiment are found to agree reasonably well. We also briefly discuss the problem of quadrupole kicks. 14 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

Mane, S.R.; Jackson, G.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Apparatus and method for improving radiation coherence and reducing beam emittance  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for increasing the coherence and reducing the emittance of a beam-shaped pulse operates by splitting the pulse into multiple sub-beams, delaying the propagation of the various sub-beams by varying amounts, and then recombining the sub-beams by means of a rotating optical element to form a pulse of longer duration with improved transverse coherence. 16 figs.

Csonka, P.L.

1992-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

148

Emittance and Current of Electrons Trapped in a Plasma Wakefield Accelerator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recent experiments plasma electrons became trapped in a plasma wakefield accelerator (PWFA). The transverse size of these trapped electrons on a downstream diagnostic yields an upper limit measurement of transverse normalized emittance divided by peak current, {var_epsilon}{sub N,x}/I. The lowest upper limit for {var_epsilon}{sub N,x}/I measured in the experiment is 1.3 {center_dot} 10{sup -10} m/A.

Kirby, N; Blumenfeld, I; Clayton, C.E.; Decker, F.J.; Hogan, M.J.; Huang, C.; Ischebeck, R.; Iverson, R.H.; Joshi, C.; Katsouleas, T.; Lu, W.; Marsh, K.A.; Mori, W.B.; Muggli, P; Oz, E.; Siemann, R.H.; Walz, D.R.; Zhou, M.; /SLAC /UCLA /USC

2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

149

Apparatus and method for improving radiation coherence and reducing beam emittance  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for increasing the coherence and reducing the emittance of a beam-shaped pulse operates by splitting the pulse into multiple sub-beams, delaying the propagation of the various sub-beams by varying amounts, and then recombining the sub-beams by means of a rotating optical element to form a pulse of longer duration with improved transverse coherence.

Csonka, Paul L. (105 E. 39th Ave., Eugene, OR 97405)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Novel electrochemical system intended for 1.5 V nonmetallic hermetically sealed secondary cell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel reversible system based on graphite and anthraquinone electrodes and intended for the development of a nonmetallic ecologically clean secondary cell is proposed. The principal problem associated with combining the two electrodes in a unified electrochemical system involves the search for an electrolyte which would be suitable for both electrodes. Optimum and limiting pH intervals as well as the influence exerted by the anion type on the electrode efficiency are considered. The use of combined electrolytes on the basis of HBF{sub 4} with tetrafluoroborate additives is recommended.

Barsukov, V.Z. [Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Kiev (Ukraine); Barsukov, I.V.; Motronyuk, T.I. [Kiev Polytechnical Institute (Ukraine); Beck, F. [Univ. of Duisburg, Lotharstrabe (Germany)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Transverse emittance and phase space program developed for use at the Fermilab A0 Photoinjector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fermilab A0 Photoinjector is a 16 MeV high intensity, high brightness electron linac developed for advanced accelerator R&D. One of the key parameters for the electron beam is the transverse beam emittance. Here we report on a newly developed MATLAB based GUI program used for transverse emittance measurements using the multi-slit technique. This program combines the image acquisition and post-processing tools for determining the transverse phase space parameters with uncertainties. An integral part of accelerator research is a measurement of the beam phase space. Measurements of the transverse phase space can be accomplished by a variety of methods including multiple screens separated by drift spaces, or by sampling phase space via pepper pots or slits. In any case, the measurement of the phase space parameters, in particular the emittance, can be drastically simplified and sped up by automating the measurement in an intuitive fashion utilizing a graphical interface. At the A0 Photoinjector (A0PI), the control system is DOOCS, which originated at DESY. In addition, there is a library for interfacing to MATLAB, a graphically capable numerical analysis package sold by The Mathworks. It is this graphical package which was chosen as the basis for a graphical phase space measurement system due to its combination of analysis and display capabilities.

Thurman-Keup, R.; Johnson, A.S.; Lumpkin, A.H.; Ruan, J.; /Fermilab

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Space Charge Correction on Emittance Measurement of Low Energy Electron Beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of any particle accelerator is to optimize the transport of a charged particle beam along a set path by confining the beam to a small region close to the design trajectory and directing it accurately along the beamline. To do so in the simplest fashion, accelerators use a system of magnets that exert approximately linear electromagnetic forces on the charged beam. These electromagnets bend the beam along the desired path, in the case of bending magnets, and constrain the beam to the desired area through alternating focusing and defocusing effects, in the case of quadrupole magnets. We can model the transport of such a beam through transfer matrices representing the actions of the various beamline elements. However, space charge effects, produced from self electric fields within the beam, defocus the beam and must be accounted for in the calculation of beam emittance. We present below the preliminary results of a MATLAB code built to model the transport of a charged particle beam through an accelerator and measure the emittance under the influence of space charge effects. We demonstrate the method of correctly calculating the emittance of a beam under space charge effects using a least square fit to determine the initial properties of the beam given the beam size measured at a specific point after transport.

Treado, Colleen J.; /Massachusetts U., Amherst

2012-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

153

Tungsten Nanowire Based Hyperbolic Metamaterial Emitters for Near-field Thermophotovoltaic Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, near-field radiative heat transfer enhancement across nanometer vacuum gaps has been intensively studied between two hyperbolic metamaterials (HMMs) due to unlimited wavevectors and high photonic density of state. In this work, we theoretically analyze the energy conversion performance of a thermophotovoltaic (TPV) cell made of In0.2Ga0.8Sb when paired with a HMM emitter composed of tungsten nanowire arrays embedded in Al2O3 host at nanometer vacuum gaps. Fluctuational electrodynamics integrated with effective medium theory and anisotropic thin-film optics is used to calculate the near-field radiative heat transfer. It is found that the spectral radiative energy is enhanced by the epsilon-near-zero and hyperbolic modes at different polarizations. As a result, the power output from a semi-infinite TPV cell is improved by 1.85 times with the nanowire HMM emitter over that with a plain tungsten emitter at a vacuum gap of 10 nm. Moreover, by using a thin TPV cell with 10 um thickness, the conversion eff...

Chang, Jui-Yung; Wang, Liping

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Formation of compressed flat electron beams with high transverse-emittance ratios  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flat beams—beams with asymmetric transverse emittances—have important applications in novel light-source concepts and advanced-acceleration schemes and could possibly alleviate the need for damping rings in lepton colliders. Over the last decade, a flat beam generation technique based on the conversion of an angular-momentum-dominated beam was proposed and experimentally tested. In this paper we explore the production of compressed flat beams. We especially investigate and optimize the flat beam transformation for beams with substantial fractional energy spread. We use as a simulation example the photoinjector of Fermilab’s Advanced Superconducting Test Accelerator. The optimizations of the flat beam generation and compression at Advanced Superconducting Test Accelerator were done via start-to-end numerical simulations for bunch charges of 3.2 nC, 1.0 nC, and 20 pC at ?37??MeV. The optimized emittances of flat beams with different bunch charges were found to be 0.25???m (emittance ratio is ?400), 0.13????m, 15 nm before compression, and 0.41???m, 0.20???m, 16 nm after full compression, respectively, with peak currents as high as 5.5 kA for a 3.2?nC flat beam. These parameters are consistent with requirements needed to excite wakefields in asymmetric dielectric-lined waveguides or produce significant photon flux using small-gap micro-undulators.

Zhu, J. [Fermilab; Institute of Fluid Physics, CAEP, China; Piot, P. [Northern Illinois University; Fermilab; Mihalcea, D. [Northern Illinois University; Prokop, C. R. [Northern Illinois University

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Elastomeric Microchip Electrospray Emitter for Stable Cone-Jet Mode Operation in the Nanoflow Regime.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite widespread interest in applying lab-on-a-chip technologies to mass spectrometry (MS)-based analyses, the coupling of microfluidics to electrospray ionization (ESI)-MS remains challenging. We report a robust, integrated poly(dimethylsiloxane) microchip interface for ESI-MS using simple and widely accessible microfabrication procedures. The interface uses an auxiliary channel to provide electrical contact in the Taylor cone of the electrospray without sample loss or dilution. The electric field at the channel terminus is enhanced by two vertical cuts that cause the interface to taper to a line rather than to a point, and the formation of small Taylor cones at the channel exit ensures sub-nL post-column dead volumes. While comparable ESI-MS sensitivities were achieved using both microchip and conventional fused silica capillary emitters, stable cone-jet mode electrospray could be established over a far broader range of flow rates (from 50–1000 nL/min) and applied potentials using the microchip emitters. This special feature of the microchip emitter should minimize the fine tuning required for electrospray optimization and make the stable electrospray more resistant to external perturbations.

Kelly, Ryan T.; Tang, Keqi; Irimia, Daniel; Toner, Mehmet; Smith, Richard D.

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

156

Carbon Geography: The Political Economy of Congressional Support for Legislation Intended to Mitigate Greenhouse Gas Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last five years, the U.S Congress has voted on several pieces of legislation intended to sharply reduce the nation’s greenhouse gas emissions. Given that climate change is a world public bad, standard economic logic would predict that the United States would ?free ride? and wait for other nations to reduce their emissions. Within the Congress, there are clear patterns to who votes in favor of mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. This paper presents a political economy analysis of the determinants of ?pro-green? votes on such legislation. Conservatives consistently vote against such legislation. Controlling for a Representative’s ideology, representatives from richer districts and districts with a lower per-capita carbon dioxide footprint are more likely to vote in favor of climate change mitigation legislation. Representatives from districts where industrial emissions represent a larger share of greenhouse gas emissions are more likely to vote no.

Cragg, Michael; Zhou, Yuyu; Gurney, Kevin R.; Kahn, Matthew

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

PHILOSOPHY FOR NSLS-II DESIGN WITH SUB-NANOMETER HORIZONTAL EMITTANCE.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NSLS-II at Brookhaven National Laboratory is a new third-generation storage ring light source, whose construction is on the verge of being approved by DOE. When completed, NSLS-II with its ability to provide users with a wide range of spectrum, ranging from IR to ultra-high brightness hard x-ray beams will replace the existing two (20+ years old) NSLS light sources. While presenting an overview of the NSLS-II accelerator system, this paper focuses on the strategy and development of a novel <1 nm emittance light source.

OZAKI,S.; BENGTSSON, J.; KRAMER, S.L.; KRINSKY, S.; LITVINENKO, V.N.

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

158

Note: Emittance measurements of intense pulsed proton beam for different pulse length and repetition rate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high intensity ion source (SILHI), in operation at CEA-Saclay, has been used to produce a 90 mA pulsed proton beam with pulse length and repetition rates suitable for the European Spallation Source (ESS) linac. Typical r-r{sup '} rms normalized emittance values smaller than 0.2{pi} mm mrad have been measured for operation in pulsed mode (0.01 < duty cycle < 0.15 and 1 ms < pulse duration < 10 ms) that are relevant for the design update of the Linac to be used at the ESS in Lund.

Miracoli, R. [ESS Bilbao, Vizcaya (Spain); INFN - Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, via S. Sofia 62, 95123 Catania (Italy); Gammino, S.; Celona, L.; Mascali, D. [INFN - Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, via S. Sofia 62, 95123 Catania (Italy); Castro, G. [INFN - Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, via S. Sofia 62, 95123 Catania (Italy); Universita degli studi di Catania, Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, V. S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania (Italy); Gobin, R.; Delferriere, O.; Adroit, G.; Senee, F. [CEA-IRFU, Gif sur Yvette Cedex (France); Ciavola, G. [INFN - Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, via S. Sofia 62, 95123 Catania (Italy); CNAO, Str. Pr. Campeggi, Pavia (Italy)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

159

Ultra High p-doping Material Research for GaN Based Light Emitters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main goal of the Project is to investigate doping mechanisms in p-type GaN and AlGaN and controllably fabricate ultra high doped p-GaN materials and epitaxial structures. Highly doped p-type GaN-based materials with low electrical resistivity and abrupt doping profiles are of great importance for efficient light emitters for solid state lighting (SSL) applications. Cost-effective hydride vapor phase epitaxial (HVPE) technology was proposed to investigate and develop p-GaN materials for SSL. High p-type doping is required to improve (i) carrier injection efficiency in light emitting p-n junctions that will result in increasing of light emitting efficiency, (ii) current spreading in light emitting structures that will improve external quantum efficiency, and (iii) parameters of Ohmic contacts to reduce operating voltage and tolerate higher forward currents needed for the high output power operation of light emitters. Highly doped p-type GaN layers and AlGaN/GaN heterostructures with low electrical resistivity will lead to novel device and contact metallization designs for high-power high efficiency GaN-based light emitters. Overall, highly doped p-GaN is a key element to develop light emitting devices for the DOE SSL program. The project was focused on material research for highly doped p-type GaN materials and device structures for applications in high performance light emitters for general illumination P-GaN and p-AlGaN layers and multi-layer structures were grown by HVPE and investigated in terms of surface morphology and structure, doping concentrations and profiles, optical, electrical, and structural properties. Tasks of the project were successfully accomplished. Highly doped GaN materials with p-type conductivity were fabricated. As-grown GaN layers had concentration N{sub a}-N{sub d} as high as 3 x 10{sup 19} cm{sup -3}. Mechanisms of doping were investigated and results of material studies were reported at several International conferences providing better understanding of p-type GaN formation for Solid State Lighting community. Grown p-type GaN layers were used as substrates for blue and green InGaN-based LEDs made by HVPE technology at TDI. These results proved proposed technical approach and facilitate fabrication of highly conductive p-GaN materials by low-cost HVPE technology for solid state lighting applications. TDI has started the commercialization of p-GaN epitaxial materials.

Vladimir Dmitriev

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

160

Precise half-life measurements for the superallowed beta(+) emitters Ar-34 and Cl-34  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICAL REVIEW C 74, 055502 (2006) Precise half-life measurements for the superallowed ?+ emitters 34Ar and 34Cl V. E. Iacob,* J. C. Hardy, J. F. Brinkley, C. A. Gagliardi, V. E. Mayes, N. Nica, M. Sanchez-Vega, G. Tabacaru, L. Trache, and R. E... 15, 17 (2002). [5] J. C. Hardy et al., Nucl. Phys. A223, 157 (1974). 055502-7 V. E. IACOB et al. PHYSICAL REVIEW C 74, 055502 (2006) [6] V. E. Iacob, E. Mayes, J. C. Hardy, R. G. Neilson, M. Sanchez- Vega, A. Azhari, C. A. Gagliardi, L. Trache...

Iacob, V. E.; Hardy, John C.; Brinkley, J. F.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Mayes, V. E.; Nica, N.; Sanchez-Vega, M.; Tabacaru, G.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A Design Report of the Baseline for PEP-X: an Ultra-Low Emittance Storage Ring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the past year, we have worked out a baseline design for PEP-X, as an ultra-low emittance storage ring that could reside in the existing 2.2-km PEPII tunnel. The design features a hybrid lattice with double bend achromat (DBA) cells in two arcs and theoretical minimum emittance (TME) cells in the remaining four arcs. Damping wigglers are used to reduce the horizontal emittance to 86 pm-rad at zero current for a 4.5 GeV electron beam. At a design current of 1.5 A, the horizontal emittance increases, due to intrabeam scattering, to 164 pm-rad when the vertical emittance is maintained at a diffraction limited 8 pm-rad. The baseline design will produce photon beams achieving a brightness of 10{sup 22} (ph/s/mm{sup 2}/mrad{sup 2}/0.1% BW) at 10 keV in a 3.5-m conventional planar undulator. Our study shows that an optimized lattice has adequate dynamic aperture, while accommodating a conventional off-axis injection system. In this report, we present the results of study, including the lattice properties, nonlinear dynamics, intra-beam scattering and Touschek lifetime, RF system, and collective instabilities. Finally, we discuss the possibility of partial lasing at soft X-ray wavelengths using a long undulator in a straight section.

Bane, Karl; Bertsche, Kirk; Cai, Yunhai; Chao, Alex; Corbett, Willian; Fox, John; Hettel, Robert; Huang, Xiaobiao; Huang, Zhirong; Ng, Cho-Kuen; Nosochkov, Yuri; Novokhatski, Sasha; Radedeau, Thomas; Raubenheimer, Tor; Rivetta, Claudio; Safranek, James; Seeman, John; Stohr, Joachim; Stupakov, Gennady; Wang, Lanfa; Wang, Min-Huey; /SLAC

2010-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

162

Large and stable emission current from synthesized carbon nanotube/fiber network  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to obtain a large and stable electron field emission current, the carbon nanotubes have been synthesized on carbon fibers by cold wall chemical vapor deposition method. In the hierarchical nanostructures, carbon fibers are entangled together to form a conductive network, it could provide excellent electron transmission and adhesion property between electrode and emitters, dispersed clusters of carbon nanotubes with smaller diameters have been synthesized on the top of carbon fibers as field emitters, this kind of emitter distribution could alleviate electrostatic shielding effect and protect emitters from being wholly destroyed. Field emission properties of this kind of carbon nanotube/fiber network have been tested, up to 30?mA emission current at an applied electric field of 6.4?V/?m was emitted from as-prepared hierarchical nanostructures. Small current degradation at large emission current output by DC power operation indicated that carbon nanotube/fiber network could be a promising candidate for field emission electron source.

Di, Yunsong [Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Technology, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023 (China); School of Electronic Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China); Xiao, Mei; Zhang, Xiaobing, E-mail: bell@seu.edu.cn; Wang, Qilong; Li, Chen; Lei, Wei; Cui, Yunkang [School of Electronic Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China)

2014-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

163

Novel Approach for Selective Emitter Formation and Front Side Metallization of Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this project we will explore the possibility of forming the front side metallization and selective emitter layer for the crystalline silicon solar cells through using selective laser ablation to create contact openings on the front surface and a screen printer to make connections with conductive paste. Using this novel approach we expect to reduce the specific contact resistance of the silver gridlines by about one order of magnitude compared to the state-of-art industrial crystalline silicon solar cells to below 1 m??cm2, and use lightly doped n+ emitter layer with sheet resistance of not smaller than 100 ?/?. This represents an enabling improvement on crystalline silicon solar cell performance and can increase the absolute efficiency of the solar cell by about 1%. In this scientific report we first present our result on the selective laser ablation of the nitride layer to make contact openings. Then we report our work on the solar cell fabrication by using the laser ablated contact openings with self-doping paste. Through various electrical property characterization and SIMS analysis, the factors limiting the cell performance have been discussed. While through this proof-of-concept project we could not reach the target on cell efficiency improvement, the process to fabricate 125mm full-sized silicon solar cells using laser ablation and self-doping paste has been developed, and a much better understanding of technical challenges has been achieved. Future direction to realize the potential of the new technology has been clearly defined.

Baomin Xu

2010-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

164

Picoelectrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry Using Narrow-bore Chemically Etched Emitters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) at flow rates below ~10 nL/min has been only sporadically explored due to difficulty in reproducibly fabricating emitters that can operate at lower flow rates. Here we demonstrate narrow orifice chemically etched emitters for stable electrospray at flow rates as low as 400 pL/min. Depending on the analyte concentration, we observe two types of MS signal response as a function of flow rate. At low concentrations, an optimum flow rate is observed slightly above 1 nL/min, while the signal decreases monotonically with decreasing flow rates at higher concentrations. In spite of lower MS signal, the ion utilization efficiency increases exponentially with decreasing flow rate in all cases. No unimolecular response was observed within this flow rate range during the analysis of an equimolar mixture of peptides, indicating that ionization efficiency is an analyte-dependent characteristic in given experimental conditions. While little to no gain in signal-to-noise was achieved at ultralow flow rates for concentration-limited analyses, experiments consuming the same amount of analyte suggest that mass-limited analyses will benefit strongly from the use of low flow rates and avoiding unnecessary sample dilution. By operating under optimal conditions, consumption of just 500 zmol of sample yielded signal-to-noise ratios ~10 for some peptides. These findings have important implications for the analysis of trace biological samples.

Marginean, Ioan; Tang, Keqi; Smith, Richard D.; Kelly, Ryan T.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Effects of emitter sheath ion reflection and trapped ions on thermionic converter performance using an isothermal electron model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper couples exact collisionless sheath calculations to an isothermal electron model of a thermionic converter. The emitter sheath structure takes into account reflected ions, trapped ions, and surface emission ions. It is shown that lessening the net loss of ions at the emitter in the ignited mode by these phenomena degrades performance. In addition, it is shown that when the emitter returns too many of the ions, the arc is extinguished because there is insufficient resistive heating to maintain the necessary plasma electron temperature for ionization. These results suggest that the ignited mode cannot be improved much. However, nonignited modes in which the electron temperature remains low, such as the pulsed mode, do not suffer from this adverse behavior.

Main, G.L.; Lam, S.H.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Control of the electromagnetic environment of a quantum emitter by shaping the vacuum field in a coupled-cavity system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a scheme for the ultrafast control of the emitter-field coupling rate in cavity quantum electrodynamics. This is achieved by the control of the vacuum field seen by the emitter through a modulation of the optical modes in a coupled-cavity structure. The scheme allows the on/off switching of the coupling rate without perturbing the emitter and without introducing frequency chirps on the emitted photons. It can be used to control the shape of single-photon pulses for high-fidelity quantum state transfer, to control Rabi oscillations and as a gain-modulation method in lasers. We discuss two possible experimental implementations based on photonic crystal cavities and on microwave circuits.

Robert Johne; Ron Schutjens; Sartoon Fattah poor; Chao-Yuan Jin; Andrea Fiore

2015-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

167

19.4% -EFFICIENT LARGE AREA REAR-PASSIVATED SCREEN-PRINTED SILICON SOLAR CELLS T. Dullweber*1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be reduced by applying the PERC (passivated emitter and rear cell) solar cell design [8]. The following19.4% -EFFICIENT LARGE AREA REAR-PASSIVATED SCREEN-PRINTED SILICON SOLAR CELLS T. Dullweber*1 , S% in the near future. Keywords: Silicon Solar Cell, Screen Printing, Rear Passivation 1 Introduction About 80

168

WHITE ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES USING 1,1,2,3,4,5-HEXAPHENYLSILOLE (HPS) AS GREENISH-BLUE EMITTER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WHITE ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES USING 1,1,2,3,4,5- HEXAPHENYLSILOLE (HPS) AS GREENISH, Hong Kong, P. R. China Abstract White organic light-emitting diodes (WOLEDs) with the structure of ITO emitter and the 1,1,2,3,4,5- hexaphenylsilole (HPS) layer was used as the greenish- blue emitter. White

169

Measurements of emittance growth through the achromatic bend at the BNL Accelerator Test Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements of emittance growth in a high peak current beam as it passes through an achromatic double bend are summarized. Experiments were performed using the ATF at Brookhaven National Laboratory by X.J. Wang and D. Kehne as a collaboration resulting from the proposal attached at the end of the document. The ATF consists off an RF gun (1 MeV), two sections of linac (40-75 MeV), a diagnostic section immediately following the linac, a 20{degree} bend magnet, a variable aperture slit at a high dispersion point, 5 quadrupoles, then another 20{degree} bend followed by another diagnostic section. The TRANSPORT deck describing the region from the end of the linac to the end of the diagnostic line following the achromatic bends is attached to the end of this document. Printouts of the control screens are also attached.

Wang, X.J.; Kehne, D.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Investigation of effect of solenoid magnet on emittances of ion beam from laser ablation plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A magnetic field can increase an ion current of a laser ablation plasma and is expected to control the change of the plasma ion current. However, the magnetic field can also make some fluctuations of the plasma and the effect on the beam emittance and the emission surface is not clear. To investigate the effect of a magnetic field, we extracted the ion beams under three conditions where without magnetic field, with magnetic field, and without magnetic field with higher laser energy to measure the beam distribution in phase space. Then we compared the relations between the plasma ion current density into the extraction gap and the Twiss parameters with each condition. We observed the effect of the magnetic field on the emission surface.

Ikeda, Shunsuke, E-mail: shunsuke.ikeda@riken.jp; Sekine, Megumi [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Kanagawa (Japan) [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Kanagawa (Japan); Riken, Wako, Saitama (Japan); Romanelli, Mark [Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14850 (United States)] [Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14850 (United States); Cinquegrani, David [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Kumaki, Masafumi [Waseda University, Shinjuku, Tokyo (Japan)] [Waseda University, Shinjuku, Tokyo (Japan); Fuwa, Yasuhiro [Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto (Japan)] [Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto (Japan); Kanesue, Takeshi; Okamura, Masahiro [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)] [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States); Horioka, Kazuhiko [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Kanagawa (Japan)] [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Kanagawa (Japan)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

Monolithic integration of a quantum emitter with a compact on-chip beam-splitter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A fundamental component of an integrated quantum optical circuit is an on-chip beam-splitter operating at the single-photon level. Here, we demonstrate the monolithic integration of an on-demand quantum emitter in the form of a single self-assembled InGaAs quantum dot (QD) with a compact (>10??m), air clad, free standing directional coupler acting as a beam-splitter for anti-bunched light. The device was tested by using single photons emitted by a QD embedded in one of the input arms of the device. We verified the single-photon nature of the QD signal by performing Hanbury Brown-Twiss measurements and demonstrated single-photon beam splitting by cross-correlating the signal from the separate output ports of the directional coupler.

Prtljaga, N., E-mail: n.prtljaga@sheffield.ac.uk; Coles, R. J.; O'Hara, J.; Royall, B.; Fox, A. M.; Skolnick, M. S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S3 7RH (United Kingdom); Clarke, E. [Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 3JD (United Kingdom)

2014-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

172

Organic light-emitting diodes using open-shell molecule as emitter: the emission from doublet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We fabricate OLEDs using a stable neutral {\\pi} radical, BDPA, as the emitter. There is only one electron in the singly occupied molecular orbital (SOMO) of this open-shell molecule. This feature makes the excited state of open-shell molecules be neither singlet nor triplet, but doublet. The key issue of how to harvest the triplet energy in an OLED is thus bypassed, due to the radiative decay of doublet is totally spin allowed. In the BDPA-based OLED, the emission was confirmed to be from the electronic transition from LUMO to SOMO, via the frontier molecular orbital analysis combined with the spectroscopy measurements. The maximum luminance of the OLEDs is 4879 cd/m2 which is comparable to the first reported Fluorescence-, Phosphorecence- and TADF-based OLEDs.

Peng, Qiming; Chen, Youchun; He, Chuanyou; Obolda, Ablikim; Li, Feng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Switchable wavelength-selective and diffuse metamaterial absorber/emitter with a phase transition spacer layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We numerically demonstrate a switchable metamaterial absorber/emitter by thermally turning on or off the excitation of magnetic resonance upon the phase transition of vanadium dioxide (VO{sub 2}). Perfect absorption peak exists around the wavelength of 5??m when the excitation of magnetic resonance is supported with the insulating VO{sub 2} spacer layer. The wavelength-selective absorption is switched off when the magnetic resonance is disabled with metallic VO{sub 2} that shorts the top and bottom metallic structures. The resonance wavelength can be tuned with different geometry, and the switchable metamaterial exhibits diffuse behaviors at oblique angles. The results would facilitate the design of switchable metamaterials for active control in energy and sensing applications.

Wang, Hao; Yang, Yue; Wang, Liping, E-mail: liping.wang@asu.edu [School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States)

2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

174

Low-Emittance Electron Bunches from a Laser-Plasma Accelerator Measured using Single-Shot X-Ray Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low-Emittance Electron Bunches from a Laser-Plasma Accelerator Measured using Single-Shot X-Ray,8], x-ray [9­11], and -ray radiation [12,13]. The electron density wave gener- ated by an intense laser manuscript received 15 February 2012; published 10 August 2012) X-ray spectroscopy is used to obtain single

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

175

CONCEPT: N-TYPE SILICON SOLAR CELLS WITH SURFACE-PASSIVATED SCREEN-PRINTED ALUMINUM-ALLOYED REAR EMITTER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE ALU+ CONCEPT: N-TYPE SILICON SOLAR CELLS WITH SURFACE- PASSIVATED SCREEN-PRINTED ALUMINUM stability during firing in a conveyor belt furnace at 900°C. We implement our newly developed passivated Al-p+ emitter into an n + np + solar cell structure, the so-called ALU + cell. An independently confirmed

176

IEEE JOURNAL OF PHOTOVOLTAICS, VOL. 1, NO. 1, JULY 2011 49 High Efficiency n-Type Emitter-Wrap-Through  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Verena Mertens, Stefan Bordihn, Christina Peters, and J¨org W. M¨uller Abstract--In the ALBA-II project, Emmerthal, Germany, are developing high-efficiency emitter-wrap-through (EWT) solar cells on n-type silicon cell development as it offers high bulk carrier lifetimes. The EWT device structure allows us to em

177

Study of Collective Effects for the PEP Low-Emittance Optics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental studies have been performed on the PEP storage ring run at 7.1 GeV in the low-emittance mode. The motivation for this work is to explore the capability of PEP as a dedicated synchrotron radiation source. The long straight sections and low emittance available at PEP make its use for this purpose very attractive, and would produce a source of very high brightness x-ray beams for the scientific community. During the studies, single-bunch current limitations were measured as a function of RF voltage. Thresholds were in the range of 1-2 mA per bunch, which is lower than expected based upon transverse impedance estimates from the PEP collider optics. An increase in threshold current by about 50% was realized by modifying the optics to reduce the magnitude of the horizontal beta functions in the straight sections and at the RF locations. The reason for the lower than expected thresholds has not been resolved. To permit its effective use as a synchrotron radiation source, a beam current of 50-100 mA is desired, which will require that PEP be run in the multibunch mode. Our goal in this study was to investigate the multibunch operating mode to ascertain that reasonable beam intensities were possible. By utilizing many low intensity (0.1-0.25 mA) bunches, stable and reproducible currents of 15-20 mA were achieved. In an attempt to improve this value, one of the idle RF stations was operated in a tune-splitting mode, with only partial success. By adjusting the tuner positions of the unused RF stations, up to 33 mA was ultimately stored, albeit with some evidence for instability. Possible approaches to improving the multibunch stability are discussed.

Zisman, M.S.; Borland, M.; Galayda, J.; Jackson, A.; Kramer, S.; Winick, H.

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

MEng Program (PDF) The Master of Engineering (MEng) is a professional degree program intended for those who have a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and instructions are available here: http://www.engineering.cornell.edu/student-services/rgs/meng/apply/earlyadmit.cfMEng Program (PDF) The Master of Engineering (MEng) is a professional degree program intended for those who have a Bachelors degree or equivalent in an engineering or closely related science field from

Walter, M.Todd

179

Characterization of the thermo-mechanical behaviour of Hemp fibres intended for the manufacturing of high performance composites.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characterization of the thermo-mechanical behaviour of Hemp fibres intended for the manufacturing-mechanical behaviour of hemp fibres (Cannabis sativa L.) is investigated by means of a Dynamic Mechanical Analyser, in the material's organisation. In addition, the behaviour of hemp fibres is affected by temperature, which acts

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

180

Adaptive Optics for Large Telescopes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of adaptive optics was originally conceived by astronomers seeking to correct the blurring of images made with large telescopes due to the effects of atmospheric turbulence. The basic idea is to use a device, a wave front corrector, to adjust the phase of light passing through an optical system, based on some measurement of the spatial variation of the phase transverse to the light propagation direction, using a wave front sensor. Although the original concept was intended for application to astronomical imaging, the technique can be more generally applied. For instance, adaptive optics systems have been used for several decades to correct for aberrations in high-power laser systems. At Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), the world's largest laser system, the National Ignition Facility, uses adaptive optics to correct for aberrations in each of the 192 beams, all of which must be precisely focused on a millimeter scale target in order to perform nuclear physics experiments.

Olivier, S

2008-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Targeting of Osseous Sites with Alpha-emitting Ra-223: Comparison with the Beta-emitter Sr-89 in Mice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bone-seeking property of and the potential to irradiate red marrow by the alpha-particle emitter Ra-223 (t1/2 = 11.43 d) were compared to those of the beta-emitter Sr-89 (t1/2 = 50.53 d). Methods: The biodistributions of Ra-223 and Sr-89 were studied in mice. Tissue uptakes were determined at 1 h, 6 h, 1 d, 3 d, and 14 d after intravenous administration. The potential redistribution of progeny from Ra-223 located in bone was investigated. Radiation absorbed doses were calculated for soft tissues and bone. Doses were also estimated for marrow-containing cavities assuming spheric geometries. Results: We found that both Sr-89 and Ra-223 selectively concentrated on bone surfaces relative to soft tissues. The measured bone uptake of Ra-223 was slightly higher than that of Sr-89. At the 24 h time-point, the femur uptake of Ra-223 was 40.1% of the administered activity per gram tissue. The uptake in spleen and most other soft tissues was higher for Ra-223 than for Sr-89. We observed rapid clearance of Ra-223 from soft tissues within the first 24 hours, but the bone surface uptake of Ra-223 increased with time up to 24 h. Among the soft tissues, the spleen had the greatest accumulation and retention of Ra-223. The femur-to-spleen ratio increased with time, from 6.4 at 6 h to 23.7 at 3 days after injections. We found little redistribution of Ra-223 daughter products away from bone (about 2% at 6 h and less than 1% detectable at 3 d). Estimates of dose to marrow-containing cavities showed that the Ra-223 alpha-emitter might have a marrow-sparing advantage compared to beta-emitters due to high linear-energy-transfer and short alpha range targeting osteoid surfaces. The alpha-emitters irradiate a smaller fraction of the marrow-containing volumes--sparing marrow and enhancing survival of marrow cells. At the same time, the bone surfaces receives a therapeutically effective radiation dose. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that Ra-223 is a promising candidate for high linear-energy-transfer alpha-particle irradiation of cancer cells on bone surfaces. Radium-223 can, together with its daughter radionuclides, deliver an intense and highly localized field of radiation to bone surfaces with substantially less irradiation of healthy bone marrow dose compared to standard, bone-seeking beta-emitters such as Sr-89.

Henriksen, Gjermund; Fisher, Darrell R.; Roeske, John C.; Bruland, Oyvind S.; Larsen, Roy H.

2003-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

182

Patterns of intended and actual fertility among subgroups of foreign-born and native-born Latinas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PATTERNS OF INTENDED AND ACTUAL FERTILITY AMONG SUBGROUPS OF FOREIGN-BORN AND NATIVE-BORN LATINAS A Thesis by BRANDI NICOLE BALLARD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: ___________________________________ Rogelio Saenz...

Ballard, Brandi Nicole

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

183

Generation of high power pulsed terahertz radiation using a plasmonic photoconductive emitter array with logarithmic spiral antennas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An array of 3?×?3 plasmonic photoconductive terahertz emitters with logarithmic spiral antennas is fabricated on a low temperature (LT) grown GaAs substrate and characterized in response to a 200 fs optical pump from a Ti:sapphire mode-locked laser at 800?nm wavelength. A microlens array is used to split and focus the optical pump beam onto the active area of each plasmonic photoconductive emitter element. Pulsed terahertz radiation with record high power levels up to 1.9 mW in the 0.1–2 THz frequency range is measured at an optical pump power of 320 mW. The record high power pulsed terahertz radiation is enabled by the use of plasmonic contact electrodes, enhancing the photoconductor quantum efficiencies, and by increasing the overall device active area, mitigating the carrier screening effect and thermal breakdown at high optical pump power levels.

Berry, Christopher W. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Hashemi, Mohammad R.; Jarrahi, Mona [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

184

Strong non-linearity-induced correlations for counter-propagating photons scattering on a two-level emitter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analytically treat the scattering of two counter-propagating photons on a two-level emitter embedded in an optical waveguide. We find that the non-linearity of the emitter can give rise to significant pulse-dependent directional correlations in the scattered photonic state, which could be quantified via a reduction in coincident clicks in a Hong-Ou-Mandel measurement setup, analogous to a linear beam splitter. Changes to the spectra and phase of the scattered photons, however, would lead to reduced interference with other photons when implemented in a larger optical circuit. We introduce suitable fidelity measures which account for these changes, and find that high values can still be achieved even when accounting for all properties of the scattered photonic state.

Anders Nysteen; Dara P. S. McCutcheon; Jesper Mørk

2015-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

185

The Pierce-diode approximation to the single-emitter plasma diode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The possibility of modeling fast processes in the collisionless single-emitter plasma diode (Knudsen diode with surface ionization, KDSI) by means of the Pierce-diode is studied. The KDSI is of practical importance in that it is an almost exact model of thermionic energy converters (TICs) in the collisionless regime and can also be used to model low-density Q-machines. At high temperatures, the Knudsen TIC comes close to the efficiency of the Carnot cycle and hence is the most promising converter of thermal to electric energy. TICs can be applied as component parts in high-temperature electronics. It is shown that normalizations must be chosen appropriately in order to compare the plasma characteristics of the two models: the KDSI and the Pierce-diode. A linear eigenmode theory of the KDSI is developed. For both nonlinear time-independent states and linear eigenmodes without electron reflection, excellent agreement is found between the analytical potential distributions for the Pierce-diode and the corresponding numerical ones for the KDSI. For the states with electron reflection, the agreement is satisfactory in a qualitative sense. A full classification of states of both diodes for the regimes with and without electron reflection is presented. The effect of the thermal spread in electron velocities on the potential distributions and the ({epsilon},{eta}) diagrams is analyzed. Generally speaking, the methodology developed is usefully applicable to a variety of systems in which the electrons have beam-like distributions.

Ender, A. Ya.; Kuhn, S.; Kuznetsov, V. I. [Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, St. Petersburg 194021 (Russian Federation); Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, St. Petersburg 194021 (Russian Federation)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

186

Investigating Enhanced Thorium Ionization in TIMS Using Re/Pt Porous Ion Emitters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) is a widely used, benchmark method in the isotopic analysis of actinides relevant to various nuclear and geological fields. Despite significant previous use and inherent advantages, however, poor sample ionization continues to hamper the use of TIMS in the measurement of trace species; actinide ionization efficiencies frequently fall below 0.1 % using traditional instrument sources. Factors leading to poor ionization are compounded in the measurement of several highly refractory metals (e.g. U and Th) that may provide key signatures data in non-proliferation, safeguards and forensics efforts. Herein, a relatively new TIMS ion source strategy, employing porous ion emitters (PIEs) atop traditional filament assemblies, is investigated for the first time as a straightforward means of enhancing the ionization of Th, which is arguably a worst case scenario for TIMS-based actinide measurements. These sources yielded up to 410% greater Th sample utilization, relative to previously published values and in-house measurements collected using traditional methods. Accompanying scanning electron microscopy (SEM) investigations provide preliminary insight into possible mechanisms of PIE functioning and explore the impacts that extended heating have on the constructed source’s structure and composition.

Floyd E. Stanley III; K. J. Spencer; D. S. Schwartz; M. G. Watrous; J. E. Delmore

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

A Search for Lyman alpha Emitters at Redshift 3.7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of a survey for emission-line objects based on optical intermediate-band ($\\lambda_{\\rm c}$ = 5736 \\AA ~ and $\\Delta\\lambda$ = 280 \\AA) and broad-band ($B$, $V$, $R$, and $i^\\prime$) observations of the Subaru/XMM-Newton Deep Field on the 8.2 m Subaru telescope with the Subaru Prime Focus Camera, Suprime-Cam. All the data were obtained during the guaranteed time observations of the Suprime-Cam instrument. The intermediate-band image covered a sky area with 10\\minpoint62 $\\times 12\\minpoint40 \\approx 132$ arcmin$^2$ in the Subaru/XMM-Newton Deep Field (Ouchi et al.). Using this image, we have found 23 emission-line sources whose observed emission-line equivalent widths are greater than 250 \\AA. Their optical multicolor properties indicate that six emission-line sources are Ly$\\alpha$ emitters at $z \\approx$ 3.7 ($\\Delta z \\approx 0.22$). They are either intense starburst galaxies or active galactic nuclei like quasars at $z \\approx$ 3.7. Two more emission-line sources may also be Ly$\\alp...

Fujita, S S; Shioya, Y; Nagao, T; Murayama, T; Taniguchi, Y; Okamura, S; Ouchi, M; Shimasaku, K; Doi, M; Furusawa, H; Hamabe, M; Kimura, M; Komiyama, Yu; Miyazaki, M; Miyazaki, S; Nakata, F; Sekiguchi, M; Yagi, M; Yasuda, N; Matsuda, Y; Tamura, H; Hayashino, T; Kodaira, K; Karoji, H; Yamada, T; Ohta, K; Umemura, M; Fujita, Shinobu S.; Ajiki, Masaru; Shioya, Yasuhiro; Nagao, Tohru; Murayama, Takashi; Taniguchi, Yoshiaki; Okamura, Sadanori; Ouchi, Masami; Shimasaku, Kazuhiro; Doi, Mamoru; Furusawa, Hisanori; Hamabe, Masaru; Kimura, Masahiko; Komiyama, Yutaka; Miyazaki, Masayuki; Miyazaki, Satoshi; Nakata, Fumiaki; Sekiguchi, Maki; Yagi, Masafumi; Yasuda, Naoki; Matsuda, Yuichi; Tamura, Hajime; Hayashino, Tomoki; Kodaira, Keiichi; Karoji, Hiroshi; Yamada, Toru; Ohta, Kouji; Umemura, Masayuki

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Strong excitation of emitters in an impedance matched cavity: the area theorem, ?-pulse and self-induced transparency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I theoretically study the behavior of strong pulses exciting emitters inside a cavity. The ensemble is supposed to be inhomogeneously broadened and the cavity matched finding application in quantum storage of optical or RF photons. My analysis is based on energy and pulse area conservation rules predicting important distortions for specific areas. It is well supported by numerical simulations. I propose a qualitative interpretation in terms of slow-light. The analogy with the free space situation is remarkable.

Thierry Chanelière

2014-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

189

Luminosity functions of Lyman-alpha emitters at z=6.5, and z=5.7: evidence against reionization at z=6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lyman-alpha emission from galaxies should be suppressed completely or partially at redshifts beyond reionization. Without knowing the instrinsic properties of galaxies at z = 6.5, this attenuation is hard to infer in any one source, but can be infered from a comparison of luminosity functions of lyman-alpha emitters at redshifts just before and after reionization. We combine published surveys of widely varying depths and areas to construct luminosity functions at z=6.5 and 5.7, where the characteristic luminosity L_star and density phi_star are well constrained while the faint-end slope of the luminosity function is essentially unconstrained. Excellent consistency is seen in all but one published result. We then calculate the likelihood of obtaining the z=6.5 observations given the z=5.7 luminosity function with (A) no evolution and (B) an attenuation of a factor of three. Hypothesis (A) gives an acceptable likelihood while (B) does not. This indicates that the z=6.5 lyman-alpha lines are not strongly suppressed by a neutral intergalactic medium and that reionization was largely complete at z = 6.5.

Sangeeta Malhotra; James Rhoads

2004-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

190

R E l E a s E d on rfcEist but intEndEd for USE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R E l E a s E d on rfcEist but intEndEd for USE h r 53 1926 MailEd April 28,19267 :mE YXAl i l l 1 E t through 50 pEr cEnt. of thE sunshin, SaYS Dr. A. Angstrom, w i l l stop 80 t o 90 pEr cmt. of t h E outgoing radiatioil from thE Earth. UP than t o hold day tErnpErLturEs down. Obviously

191

A thermionic energy converter with a molybdenum-alumina cermet emitter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study is made of the properties of cermets as electrode materials for thermionic energy converters. For thermodynamic reasons it is expected that all cermets composed of pure Mo and refractory oxides have the same bare work function. From data on the work function of Mo in an oxygen atmosphere this bare work function is estimated to be {Phi}=4.9 eV (at {ital T}=1400 {degree}C). Experimentally, the bare work function of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-Mo cermets was found to be {Phi}=4.5 eV, independent of the relative amounts of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Mo. The cesiated work function of the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-Mo cermets was found to be 0.15 eV lower than the cesiated work function of pure Mo. The bare work function of Mo{sub 3}Al was found to be {Phi}=4.0 eV. The cesiated work function of Mo{sub 3}Al at collector temperature conditions was 0.3 eV lower than the cesiated work function of pure Mo. The electrical power density of a diode with an Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-Mo cermet emitter was 0.4 W/cm{sup 2} at 1300 {degree}C. The barrier index at this temperature was 2.36 V. The high barrier index is attributed to a high plasma voltage drop {ital V}{sub {ital d}}=0.91 V.

Gubbels, G.H.M.; Wolff, L.R.; Metselaar, R. (Centre for Technical Ceramics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P. O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands (NL))

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Large aperture diffractive space telescope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A large (10's of meters) aperture space telescope including two separate spacecraft--an optical primary objective lens functioning as a magnifying glass and an optical secondary functioning as an eyepiece. The spacecraft are spaced up to several kilometers apart with the eyepiece directly behind the magnifying glass "aiming" at an intended target with their relative orientation determining the optical axis of the telescope and hence the targets being observed. The objective lens includes a very large-aperture, very-thin-membrane, diffractive lens, e.g., a Fresnel lens, which intercepts incoming light over its full aperture and focuses it towards the eyepiece. The eyepiece has a much smaller, meter-scale aperture and is designed to move along the focal surface of the objective lens, gathering up the incoming light and converting it to high quality images. The positions of the two space craft are controlled both to maintain a good optical focus and to point at desired targets which may be either earth bound or celestial.

Hyde, Roderick A. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

X-ray photoionized plasma diagnostics with Helium-like ions. Application to Warm Absorber-Emitter in Active Galactic Nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present He-like line ratios (resonance, intercombination and forbidden lines) for totally and partially photoionized media. For solar plasmas, these line ratios are already widely used for density and temperature diagnostics of coronal (collisional) plasmas. In the case of totally and partially photoionized plasmas, He-like line ratios allow for the determination of the ionization processes involved in the plasma (photoionization with or without an additional collisional ionization process), as well as the density and the electronic temperature. With the new generation of X-ray satellites, Chandra/AXAF, XMM and Astro-E, it will be feasible to obtain both high spectral resolution and high sensitivity observations. Thus in the coming years, the ratios of these three components will be measurable for a large number of non-solar objects. In particular, these ratios could be applied to the Warm Absorber-Emitter, commonly present in Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN). A better understanding of the Warm Absorber connection to other regions (Broad Line Region, Narrow Line Region) in AGN (Seyferts type-1 and type-2, low- and high-redshift quasars...) will be an important key to obtaining strong constraints on unified schemes. We have calculated He-like line ratios, for Z=6, 7, 8, 10, 12 and 14, taking into account the upper level radiative cascades which we have computed for radiative and dielectronic recombinations and collisional excitation. The atomic data are tabulated over a wide range of temperatures in order to be used for interpreting a large variety of astrophysical plasmas.

Delphine Porquet; Jacques Dubau

2000-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

194

First electron-cloud studies at the Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

During the beam commissioning of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) with 150, 75, 50, and 25-ns bunch spacing, important electron-cloud effects, like pressure rise, cryogenic heat load, beam instabilities, or emittance growth, were observed. Methods have been developed to infer different key beam-pipe surface parameters by benchmarking simulations and pressure rise as well as heat-load observations. These methods allow us to monitor the scrubbing process, i.e., the reduction of the secondary emission yield as a function of time, in order to decide on the most appropriate strategies for machine operation. To better understand the influence of electron clouds on the beam dynamics, simulations have been carried out to examine both the coherent and the incoherent effects on the beam. In this paper we present the methodology and first results for the scrubbing monitoring process at the LHC. We also review simulated instability thresholds and tune footprints for beams of different emittance, interacting with an electr...

Dominguez, O; Arduini, G; Metral, E; Rumolo, G; Zimmermann, F; Maury Cuna, H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Control of focusing forces and emittances in plasma-based accelerators using near-hollow plasma channels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A near-hollow plasma channel, where the plasma density in the channel is much less than the plasma density in the walls, is proposed to provide independent control over the focusing and accelerating forces in a plasma accelerator. In this geometry the low density in the channel contributes to the focusing forces, while the accelerating fields are determined by the high density in the channel walls. The channel also provides guiding for intense laser pulses used for wakefield excitation. Both electron and positron beams can be accelerated in a nearly symmetric fashion. Near-hollow plasma channels can effectively mitigate emittance growth due to Coulomb scattering for high energy physics applications.

Schroeder, Carl; Esarey, Eric; Benedetti, Carlo; Leemans, Wim

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

196

Single-Bunch Electron Cloud Effects in the GLC/NLC, US-Cold and TESLA Low Emittance Transport Lines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines the severity of the electron cloud effects in the Low Emittance Transport (LET) of linear colliders including the Bunch-Compressor System (BCS) and Beam Delivery System (BDS). We examine the electron cloud effects in the normal-conducting GLC/NLC or X-Band, and the super-conducting US-Cold and TESLA linear collider designs through the use of specially developed computer simulation codes. An estimate of the critical cloud density is given for the BDS and BCS of the X-Band collider.

Bates, D.

2005-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

197

Control of focusing forces and emittances in plasma-based accelerators using near-hollow plasma channels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A near-hollow plasma channel, where the plasma density in the channel is much less than the plasma density in the walls, is proposed to provide independent control over the focusing and accelerating forces in a plasma accelerator. In this geometry the low density in the channel contributes to the focusing forces, while the accelerating fields are determined by the high density in the channel walls. The channel also provides guiding for intense laser pulses used for wakefield excitation. Both electron and positron beams can be accelerated in a nearly symmetric fashion. Near-hollow plasma channels can effectively mitigate emittance growth due to Coulomb scattering for high-energy physics applications.

Schroeder, C. B.; Esarey, E.; Benedetti, C.; Leemans, W. P. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

198

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha emitters released Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Engineering ; Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 45 I. IONIZATION COOLING A. Introduction Summary: times to achieve a large cooling factor. The energy...

199

Joint Statement for Candidates on Common Ivy League Admission Procedure [intended for all applicants and included on all Ivy admission forms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fall 2013 Joint Statement for Candidates on Common Ivy League Admission Procedure [intended for all the procedures under which we are operating and by clearly specifying the obligations of both the applicant

200

Thermal Performance Evaluation of Attic Radiant Barrier Systems Using the Large Scale Climate Simulator (LSCS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Application of radiant barriers and low-emittance surface coatings in residential building attics can significantly reduce conditioning loads from heat flow through attic floors. The roofing industry has been developing and using various radiant barrier systems and low-emittance surface coatings to increase energy efficiency in buildings; however, minimal data are available that quantifies the effectiveness of these technologies. This study evaluates performance of various attic radiant barrier systems under simulated summer daytime conditions and nighttime or low solar gain daytime winter conditions using the large scale climate simulator (LSCS). The four attic configurations that were evaluated are 1) no radiant barrier (control), 2) perforated low-e foil laminated oriented strand board (OSB) deck, 3) low-e foil stapled on rafters, and 4) liquid applied low-emittance coating on roof deck and rafters. All test attics used nominal RUS 13 h-ft2- F/Btu (RSI 2.29 m2-K/W) fiberglass batt insulation on attic floor. Results indicate that the three systems with radiant barriers had heat flows through the attic floor during summer daytime condition that were 33%, 50%, and 19% lower than the control, respectively.

Shrestha, Som S [ORNL] [ORNL; Miller, William A [ORNL] [ORNL; Desjarlais, Andre Omer [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Very Large Aperture Diffractive Space Telescope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A very large (10's of meters) aperture space telescope including two separate spacecraft--an optical primary functioning as a magnifying glass and an optical secondary functioning as an eyepiece. The spacecraft are spaced up to several kilometers apart with the eyepiece directly behind the magnifying glass ''aiming'' at an intended target with their relative orientation determining the optical axis of the telescope and hence the targets being observed. The magnifying glass includes a very large-aperture, very-thin-membrane, diffractive lens, e.g., a Fresnel lens, which intercepts incoming light over its full aperture and focuses it towards the eyepiece. The eyepiece has a much smaller, meter-scale aperture and is designed to move along the focal surface of the magnifying glass, gathering up the incoming light and converting it to high quality images. The positions of the two space craft are controlled both to maintain a good optical focus and to point at desired targets.

Hyde, Roderick Allen

1998-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

202

Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxypyrrole) Modified Emitter Electrode for Substitution of Homogeneous Redox Buffer Agent Hydroquinone in Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electrolysis inherent to the operation of the electrospray ionization (ESI) source used with mass spectrometry (MS) is a well-known attendant effect of generating unipolar spray droplets and may affect the analysis of the analyte of interest. Undesirable electrolysis of an analyte may be prevented by limiting the emitter electrode current and/or the mass transport characteristics of the system. However, these ways to avoid analyte electrolysis may not be applcable in all ESI-MS experiments. For example, in the case of specific nanospray systems (e.g. the wire-in-a-capillary bulk-loaded or chip-based tip-loaded nanospray configurations), the solution flow rate is fixed in the 50-500 nL/min range and the electrode surface to volume ratio is large presenting a very effcient analyte to electrode mass transport configuration. In these situations, control over the interfacial potential of the working electrode via homogeneous or traditional heterogeneous (sacrificial metal) redox buffering is a possible way to prevent analyte electrolysis. However, byproducts of these redox buffering approaches can appear in the mass spectra and/or they can chemically alter the analyte. For example, the main reason for using hydroquinone as a homogeneous redox buffer, in addition to its relatively low oxidation potential, is that neither the original compound nor its oxidation product benzoquinone can be detected directly by ESI-MS. However, benzoquinone can alter analytes with thiol functional groups by reacting with those groups via a 1,4-Michael addition.

Peintler-Krivan, Emese [ORNL; Van Berkel, Gary J [ORNL; Kertesz, Vilmos [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Stark Widths and Shifts Dependence on the Rest Core Charge of the Emitters within ns-np Transition Arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stark width and shift simultaneous dependence on the upper level ionization potential and rest core charge of the emitter has been evaluated and discussed. It has been verified that the found relations, connecting Stark broadening parameters with upper level ionization potential and rest core charge of the emitters for particular electron temperature and density, can be used for prediction of Stark line width and shift data in case of ions for which observed data, or more detailed calculations, are not yet available. Stark widths and shifts published data are used to demonstrate the existence of other kinds of regularities within similar spectra of different elements and their ionization stages. The emphasis is on the Stark parameter dependence on the upper level ionization potential and on the rest core charge for the lines from similar spectra of multiply charged ions. The found relations connecting Stark widths and shift parameters with upper level ionization potential, rest core charge and electron temperature were used for a prediction of new Stark broadening data, thus avoiding much more complicated procedures.

Scepanovic, Mara [Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Montenegro, POB 211, 81000 Podgorica (Montenegro); Puric, Jagos [Faculty of Physics, University of Belgrade, POB 368, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia)

2010-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

204

Nitrogen incorporated ultrananocrystalline diamond based field emitter array for a flat-panel x-ray source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A field emission based flat-panel transmission x-ray source is being developed as an alternative for medical and industrial imaging. A field emitter array (FEA) prototype based on nitrogen incorporated ultrananocrystalline diamond film has been fabricated to be used as the electron source of this flat panel x-ray source. The FEA prototype was developed using conventional microfabrication techniques. The field emission characteristics of the FEA prototype were evaluated. Results indicated that emission current densities of the order of 6?mA/cm{sup 2} could be obtained at electric fields as low as 10?V/?m to 20?V/?m. During the prototype microfabrication process, issues such as delamination of the extraction gate and poor etching of the SiO{sub 2} insulating layer located between the emitters and the extraction layer were encountered. Consequently, alternative FEA designs were investigated. Experimental and simulation data from the first FEA prototype were compared and the results were used to evaluate the performance of alternative single and double gate designs that would yield better field emission characteristics compared to the first FEA prototype. The best simulation results are obtained for the double gate FEA design, when the diameter of the collimator gate is around 2.6 times the diameter of the extraction gate.

Posada, Chrystian M.; Grant, Edwin J.; Lee, Hyoung K.; Castaño, Carlos H., E-mail: castanoc@mst.edu [Nuclear Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, 220 Fulton Hall, Rolla, Missouri 65401 (United States); Divan, Ralu; Sumant, Anirudha V.; Rosenmann, Daniel; Stan, Liliana [Center for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

205

A Subaru Search for Lyman-Alpha Emitters at z=5.8 with an Intermediate-Band Filter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of a survey for Ly-alpha emitters at z ~ 5.8 using a new intermediate-band filter centered at lambda_c = 8275 AA with Delta-lambda_FWHM = 340 AA (i.e., the spectroscopic resolution is R ~ 23) with a combination with a traditional narrow-band centered at lambda_c = 8150 AA with Delta-lambda_FWHM = 120 AA (R ~ 68). Our observations were made with use of the Subaru Prime Focus Camera, Suprime-Cam, on the 8.2 m Subaru telescope in a sky area surrounding the high redshift quasar, SDSSp J104433.04-012522.2 at z=5.74, covering an effective sky area with ~ 720 arcmin^2. In this survey, we have found four Ly-alpha-emitter candidates from the intermediate-band image (z \\~ 5.8 with Delta z ~ 0.3). Combined with our previous results based on the NB816 imaging, we discuss the star formation activity in galaxies between z ~ 5.7 and z ~ 5.9.

Ajiki, M; Fujita, S S; Shioya, Y; Nagao, T; Murayama, T; Yamada, S F; Umeda, K; Sasaki, S S; Sumiya, R; Komiyama, Yu; Ajiki, Masaru; Taniguchi, Yoshiaki; Fujita, Shinobu S.; Shioya, Yasuhiro; Nagao, Tohru; Murayama, Takashi; Yamada, Sanae F.; Umeda, Kazuyoshi; Sasaki, Shunji S.; Sumiya, Ryoko; Komiyama, Yutaka

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Lifetime studies of 130nm nMOS transistors intended for long-duration, cryogenic high-energy physics experiments.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Future neutrino physics experiments intend to use unprecedented volumes of liquid argon to fill a time projection chamber in an underground facility. To increase performance, integrated readout electronics should work inside the cryostat. Due to the scale and cost associated with evacuating and filling the cryostat, the electronics will be unserviceable for the duration of the experiment. Therefore, the lifetimes of these circuits must be well in excess of 20 years. The principle mechanism for lifetime degradation of MOSFET devices and circuits operating at cryogenic temperatures is via hot carrier degradation. Choosing a process technology that is, as much as possible, immune to such degradation and developing design techniques to avoid exposure to such damage are the goals. This requires careful investigation and a basic understanding of the mechanisms that underlie hot carrier degradation and the secondary effects they cause in circuits. In this work, commercially available 130nm nMOS transistors operating at cryogenic temperatures are investigated. The results show that the difference in lifetime for room temperature operation and cryogenic operation for this process are not great and the lifetimes at both 300K and at 77K can be projected to more than 20 years at the nominal voltage (1.5V) for this technology.

Hoff, J.R.; /Fermilab; Arora, R.; Cressler, J.D.; /Georgia Tech; Deptuch, G.W.; /Fermilab; Gui, P.; /Southern Methodist U.; Lourenco, N.E.; /Georgia Tech; Wu, G.; /Southern Methodist U.; Yarema, R.J.; /Fermilab

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

On formation of the asymptotic spectrum of delayed neutron emitters in measuring the VVER-1000 scram system effectiveness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The process of formation of an asymptotic distribution of the neutron flux density in the reactor systems after introducing different negative reactivities is considered. The impact of two factors after the reactivity introduction is evaluated: (1) nonuniformity of perturbation of core properties, on one hand, and (2) a sharp reduction in the density of prompt neutrons, which prevents the appearance of new delayed neutron emitters distributed in accordance with the “new” prompt neutron distribution, on the other hand. The results of calculations show that the errors of measuring the scram system effectiveness using the method of inverse solution of the kinetics equation are caused by the fact that, after the negative reactivity insertion, the sources of prompt and delayed neutrons have different spatial distributions. In the case of high negative reactivities, this difference remains while the system still has neutrons, which can be measured.

Shishkov, L. K., E-mail: slk@vver.kiae.ru; Zizin, M. N., E-mail: zizin_m@mail.ru [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

208

Ugrades of beam diagnostics in support of emittance-exchange experiments at the Fermilab A0 photoinjector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The possibility of using electron beam phase space manipulations to support a free-electron laser accelerator design optimization has motivated our research. An ongoing program demonstrating the exchange of transverse horizontal and longitudinal emittances at the Fermilab A0 photoinjector has benefited recently from the upgrade of several of the key diagnostics stations. Accurate measurements of these properties upstream and downstream of the exchanger beamline are needed. Improvements in the screen resolution term and reduced impact of the optical system's depth-of-focus by using YAG:Ce single crystals normal to the beam direction will be described. The requirement to measure small energy spreads (<10 keV) in the spectrometer and the exchange process which resulted in bunch lengths less than 500 fs led to other diagnostics performance adjustments and upgrades as well. A longitudinal to transverse exchange example is also reported.

Lumpkin, A.H.; Johnson, A.S.; Ruan, J.; Santucci, J.; Sun, Y.-E.; Thurman-Keup, R.; Edwards, H.; /Fermilab

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Fabrication and characterization of single carbon nanotube emitters as point electron sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a producing micron-size carbon fibers which contain single carbon nanotubes at their cores by a chemical vapor of the fractured carbon fiber, a multiwalled nanotube sticks out due to its different fracture toughness from the carbon fiber that is largely made of amorphous carbon. The pro- truded carbon nanotubes are usually 4

Qin, Lu-Chang

210

2D-simulation and analysis of lateral SiC N-emitter SiGe P-base Schottky metal-collector (NPM) HBT on SOI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2D-simulation and analysis of lateral SiC N-emitter SiGe P-base Schottky metal-collector (NPM) HBT metal-collector NPM HBT on SOI. The proposed lateral NPM HBT performance has been evaluated in detail silicon NPM BJT structures. Based on our simu- lation results, it is observed that while both the lateral

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

211

Monte Carlo calculated TG-60 dosimetry parameters for the {beta}{sup -} emitter {sup 153}Sm brachytherapy source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The formalism recommended by Task Group 60 (TG-60) of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) is applicable for {beta} sources. Radioactive biocompatible and biodegradable {sup 153}Sm glass seed without encapsulation is a {beta}{sup -} emitter radionuclide with a short half-life and delivers a high dose rate to the tumor in the millimeter range. This study presents the results of Monte Carlo calculations of the dosimetric parameters for the {sup 153}Sm brachytherapy source. Methods: Version 5 of the (MCNP) Monte Carlo radiation transport code was used to calculate two-dimensional dose distributions around the source. The dosimetric parameters of AAPM TG-60 recommendations including the reference dose rate, the radial dose function, the anisotropy function, and the one-dimensional anisotropy function were obtained. Results: The dose rate value at the reference point was estimated to be 9.21{+-}0.6 cGy h{sup -1} {mu}Ci{sup -1}. Due to the low energy beta emitted from {sup 153}Sm sources, the dose fall-off profile is sharper than the other beta emitter sources. The calculated dosimetric parameters in this study are compared to several beta and photon emitting seeds. Conclusions: The results show the advantage of the {sup 153}Sm source in comparison with the other sources because of the rapid dose fall-off of beta ray and high dose rate at the short distances of the seed. The results would be helpful in the development of the radioactive implants using {sup 153}Sm seeds for the brachytherapy treatment.

Sadeghi, Mahdi; Taghdiri, Fatemeh; Hamed Hosseini, S.; Tenreiro, Claudio [Agricultural, Medical and Industrial School, P.O. Box 31485-498, Karaj (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Engineering Faculty, Research and Science Campus, Islamic Azad University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Energy Science, SungKyunKwan University, 300 Cheoncheon-dong, Suwon (Korea, Republic of)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

212

Seven League Boots: A New Metaphor for Augmented Locomotion through Moderately Large Scale Immersive Virtual Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seven League Boots: A New Metaphor for Augmented Locomotion through Moderately Large Scale boots. The key characteristic of this method is that it involves determining a user's intended direction virtual hallway, participants overwhelmingly preferred the seven league boots method to the other methods

Interrante, Victoria

213

The CLAS12 large area RICH detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A large area RICH detector is being designed for the CLAS12 spectrometer as part of the 12 GeV upgrade program of the Jefferson Lab Experimental Hall-B. This detector is intended to provide excellent hadron identification from 3 GeV/c up to momenta exceeding 8 GeV/c and to be able to work at the very high design luminosity-up to 1035 cm2 s?1. Detailed feasibility studies are presented for two types of radiators, aerogel and liquid C6F14 freon, in conjunction with a highly segmented light detector in the visible wavelength range. The basic parameters of the RICH are outlined and the resulting performances, as defined by preliminary simulation studies, are reported.

M. Contalbrigo, E. Cisbani, P. Rossi

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Identification and differentiation of individual beta emitters in waste mixtures by liquid scintillation spectrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

carbon-14, tritium, and iodine-125 liquid scintillation wastes, provided that the activity and isotopes present can be documented. This legislation has generated a significant interest in developing a quick, cost efficient method of identificatior.... Differentiation of various components within a two isotope mixture, and the detection level of a small activity of one nuclide in a large activity of a second radioisotope was examined. A catalogue of spectra, including the isotopic ratio of each component...

Siskel, Robin Lynn

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Getting Started with MATLAB This guide is intended to quickly get you familiar with the way that MATLAB works. MATLAB has many  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Getting Started with MATLAB This guide is intended to quickly get you familiar with the way that MATLAB works. MATLAB has many features that we cannot cover in a short guide, but the guide should information. To start MATLAB, you can double-click the icon on the desktop. If the icon is not there, you can

King, Chris

216

INI Policies & Procedures MS18 8/09/06 The information provided in this policy guide is intended to summarize the rules of the INI MSIN,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INI Policies & Procedures ­ MS18 ­ 8/09/06 The information provided in this policy guide is intended to summarize the rules of the INI MSIN, Athens MSIN, MSISTM, and Carnegie Mellon CyLab Japan MSIT a contract. I. INI DEGREE REQUIREMENTS II. COURSE ENROLLMENT III. REGISTRATION PROCEDURES IV. GRADES V

Tague, Patrick

217

Code of Conduct for Users of McGill Computing Facilities McGill Computing Facilities (MCF) are intended to support the academic mission and the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Code of Conduct for Users of McGill Computing Facilities McGill Computing Facilities (MCF for Users of McGill Computing Facilities 1 #12;Code of Conduct for Users of McGill Computing Facilities) are intended to support the academic mission and the administrative functions of the University. This code

Shoubridge, Eric

218

Sept, 1998./D. Barker, TJNAF.& S. Lewis, LBNL1 of 32EPICS Tutorial: Detail Intended for an audience of EPICS application developers.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sept, 1998./D. Barker, TJNAF.& S. Lewis, LBNL1 of 32EPICS Tutorial: Detail Intended for an audience, 1998./D. Barker, TJNAF.& S. Lewis, LBNL2 of 32EPICS Tutorial: Detail ·Ai, Ao Analog In/Out. Read, 1998./D. Barker, TJNAF.& S. Lewis, LBNL3 of 32EPICS Tutorial: Detail Database records do not always

219

Chapter 4. Uranium Mine and Extraction Facility Reclamation This chapter is not intended to serve as guidance, or to supplement EPA or other agency environmental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4-1 Chapter 4. Uranium Mine and Extraction Facility Reclamation This chapter is not intended, it is an outline of practices which may or have been used for uranium site restoration. Mining reclamation for uranium mining sites. The existence of bonding requirements and/or financial guarantees in the cases where

220

2014-15 A&R PROJECT SUBMISSION PROCEDURE Alterations and Renovations Budget is intended to fund alterations or renovations to spaces where  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 2014-15 A&R PROJECT SUBMISSION ­ PROCEDURE Alterations and Renovations Budget is intended to fund projects to submit for funding consideration, you should be aware that special emphasis will be placed on those projects which will assist the university in meeting its planning priorities and, in particular

Brownstone, Rob

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

HELP ROOMS AND PRIVATE TUTORING The following list of private tutors and departmental help rooms is intended as a resource for Columbia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 HELP ROOMS AND PRIVATE TUTORING The following list of private tutors and departmental help rooms is intended as a resource for Columbia students seeking extra academic help. This is all publicly available://www.columbia.edu/cu/chemistry/undergrad/tutors/index.html Help Room Schedule (Help Room Schedule (Help Room Schedule (Help Room Schedule (Spring 2013Spring 2013

Hone, James

222

Comment Policy The MU Counseling Center Facebook page is not intended as a crisis service and does not provide any clinical service or support.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comment Policy The MU Counseling Center Facebook page is not intended as a crisis service and does relationship with any staff member or the Counseling Center. Our Facebook page is not continuously monitored and about relevant events on our campus. We encourage your comments on MUCC Facebook page, and hope you

Taylor, Jerry

223

PHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCEPHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCEPHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCE This major is intended for students with dual interests in physics and computer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCEPHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCEPHYSICS/COMPUTER SCIENCE This major is intended for students with dual interests in physics and computer science who wish to complete the essential courses for both majors within four years. It prepares students for a career in a computer-related field and

Krylov, Anna I.

224

Graduate Student and Postdoctoral Scholar IDP This document is intended to be one tool that can help you consider your career aspirations and the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Graduate Student and Postdoctoral Scholar IDP This document is intended to be one tool that can careers that match your skills. The document is for your personal use only. You are not required to share this document with anyone or provide anyone at Tufts with a copy of the completed document

Dennett, Daniel

225

High current, low emittance, steady state electron guns with plasma cathodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Major limitations of plasma cathodes have been overcome in an electron gun based on extraction of superthermal electrons from a discharge characterized by a large component of high energy electrons with a low thermal spread. A grid is employed to select these electrons for extraction while retaining the bulk electrons in the discharge. Steady state extraction of electron beams corresponding to over 60% of the total arc discharge current has been observed. A perveance of over 280 microperv was reached with the extraction of 9A at 1 keV from a 6 nun aperture. Some of the characteristics of the electron beam described in this paper are very attractive for electron beam melting.

Hershcovitch, A.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

226

A photometric survey for Lyalpha-HeII dual emitters: Searching for Population III stars in high-redshift galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new photometric search for high-z galaxies hosting Population III (PopIII) stars based on deep intermediate-band imaging observations obtained in the Subaru Deep Field (SDF), by using Suprime-Cam on the Subaru Telescope. By combining our new data with the existing broad-band and narrow-band data, we searched for galaxies which emit strongly both in Ly_alpha and in HeII 1640 (``dual emitters'') that are promising candidates for PopIII-hosting galaxies, at 3.93 2 Msun/yr was found by our photometric search in 4.03 x 10^5 Mpc^3 in the SDF. This result disfavors low feedback models for PopIII star clusters, and implies an upper-limit of the PopIII SFR density of SFRD_PopIII < 5 x 10^-6 Msun/yr/Mpc^3. This new selection method to search for PopIII-hosting galaxies should be useful in future narrow-band surveys to achieve the first observational detection of PopIII-hosting galaxies at high redshifts.

Nagao, Tohru; Maiolino, Roberto; Grady, Celestine; Kashikawa, Nobunari; Ly, Chun; Malkan, Matthew; Motohara, Kentaro; Murayama, Takashi; Schaerer, Daniel; Shioya, Yasuhiro; Taniguchi, Yoshiaki

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Terahertz generation and detection with InGaAs-based large-area photoconductive devices excited at 1.55??m  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on scalable large-area terahertz emitters and detectors based on In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As/In{sub 0.52}Al{sub 0.48}As heterostructures for excitation with 1.55??m radiation. Different geometries involving three different electrode gap sizes are compared with respect to terahertz (THz) emission, bias field distribution, and Joule heating. The field distribution becomes more favorable for THz emission as gap size increases, while Joule heating exhibits the opposite dependence. Devices with three different gap sizes, namely 3??m, 5??m, and 7.5??m, have been investigated experimentally, the emitter with a gap size of 7.5??m showed the best performance. The scalable devices are furthermore employed as detectors. The scalable electrode geometry enables spatially integrated detection, which is attractive for specific applications, e.g., where an unfocused THz beam has to be used.

Xu, Ming [Applied Physics Department, Xi'an University of Technology, No. 58 Yanxiang Road, Xi'an 710054 (China) [Applied Physics Department, Xi'an University of Technology, No. 58 Yanxiang Road, Xi'an 710054 (China); Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Bautzner Landstraße 400, 01328 Dresden (Germany); Mittendorff, Martin; Helm, Manfred [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Bautzner Landstraße 400, 01328 Dresden (Germany) [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Bautzner Landstraße 400, 01328 Dresden (Germany); Technische Universität Dresden, 01062 Dresden (Germany); Dietz, Roman J. B.; Künzel, Harald; Sartorius, Bernd; Göbel, Thorsten [Fraunhofer Institute for Telecommunication, Heinrich-Hertz-Institute, Einsteinufer 37, 10587 Berlin (Germany)] [Fraunhofer Institute for Telecommunication, Heinrich-Hertz-Institute, Einsteinufer 37, 10587 Berlin (Germany); Schneider, Harald; Winnerl, Stephan [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Bautzner Landstraße 400, 01328 Dresden (Germany)] [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Bautzner Landstraße 400, 01328 Dresden (Germany)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

228

Ceramic oxyanion emitter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rare earth oxide matrix (composition of matter) is formed which emits (upon heating) heavy metal oxide anions (oxyanions) into a gas phase, wherein the anions are emitted with high intensity, and wherein longevity of life of the composition of matter is retained. The matter is formed by blending a major component of a rare earth oxide, europium oxide (Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3}) or ytterbium oxide (Yb{sub 2}O{sub 3}), with a minor component of a barium (Ba), calcium (Ca) or strontium (Sr) salt of a heavy metal oxyanion. Heavy anions are emitted upon heating the composition of matter to a predetermined temperature of about 800 C.

Delmore, J.E.; Appelhans, A.D.; Peterson, E.S.

1996-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

229

Ceramic oxyanion emitter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rare earth oxide matrix (composition of matter) is formed which emits (upon heating) heavy metal oxide anions (oxyanions) into a gas phase, wherein the anions are emitted with high intensity, and wherein longevity of life of the composition of matter is retained. The matter is formed by blending a major component of a rare earth oxide, Europium oxide (Eu.sub.2 O.sub.3) or Ytterbium oxide (Yb.sub.2 O.sub.3), with a minor component of a Barium (Ba), Calcium (Ca) or Strontium (Sr) salt of a heavy metal oxyanion. Heavy anions are emitted upon heating the composition of matter to a predetermined temperature of about 800.degree. C.

Delmore, James E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Appelhans, Anthony D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Peterson, Eric S. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Deformed proton emitters.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mechanisms of proton radioactivity from deformed rare earth nuclei are discussed and preliminary results on the fine structure decay of {sup 131}Eu are presented.

Carpenter, M. P.; Cizewski, J. A.; Davids, C. N.; Davinson, T.; Fotiades, N.; Henderson, D. J.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Lauritsen, T.; Reiter, P.; Ressler, J. J.; Schwartz, J.; Seweryniak, D.; Sonzogni, A. A.; Uusitalok, J.; Walters, W. B.; Wiedenhover, I. L.; Woods, P. J.

1999-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

231

Composting Large Animal Carcasses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Disposing of large animal carcasses can be a problem for agricultural producers. Composting is a simple, low-cost method that yields a useful product that can be used as fertilizer. In this publication you'll learn the basics of composting, how...

Auvermann, Brent W.; Mukhtar, Saqib; Heflin, Kevin

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

232

Feature scaling of large, ballasted, field emission arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Field emitters are an exciting technology for high-frequency, high-power applications because of their excellent free space electron transport, and their potential for high current density and high current, especially when ...

Guerrera, Stephen A. (Stephen Angelo)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Identification of the brightest Ly\\alpha\\ emitters at z=6.6: implications for the evolution of the luminosity function in the re-ionisation era  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using wide field narrow-band surveys, we provide a new measurement of the $z=6.6$ Lyman-$\\alpha$ Emitter (LAE) luminosity function (LF), which constraints the bright end for the first time. We use a combination of archival narrow-band NB921 data in UDS and new NB921 measurements in SA22 and COSMOS/UltraVISTA, all observed with the Subaru telescope, with a total area of $\\sim 5$ deg$^2$. We exclude lower redshift interlopers by using broad-band optical and near-infrared photometry and also exclude three supernovae with data split over multiple epochs. We spectroscopically confirm the two most luminous Ly$\\alpha$ emitters ever found at $z=6.604$ and $6.541$ in the COSMOS field using Keck/DEIMOS and VLT/FORS2. Combining the UDS and COSMOS samples we find no evolution of the bright end of the Ly$\\alpha$ LF between $z=5.7$ and $6.6$, which is supported by spectroscopic follow-up, and conclude that \\emph{Himiko}-like sources are not as rare as previously thought, with number densities of $\\sim 1.5\\times10^{-5}$ Mpc...

Matthee, Jorryt; Santos, Sérgio; Röttgering, Huub; Darvish, Behnam; Mobasher, Bahram

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Neutralization of space charge on high-current low-energy ion beam by low-energy electrons supplied from silicon based field emitter arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutralization of space charge on a high-current and low-energy ion beam was attempted to reduce the divergence with an aid of low-energy electrons supplied from silicon based field emitter arrays (Si-FEAs). An argon ion beam with the energy of 500 eV and the current of 0.25 mA was produced by a microwave ion source. The initial beam divergence and the emittance were measured at the entrance of the analysis chamber in order to estimate the intrinsic factors for beam divergence. The current density distribution of the beam after transport of 730 mm was measured by a movable Faraday cup, with and without electron supply from Si-FEAs. A similar experiment was performed with tungsten filaments as an electron source. The results indicated that the electron supply from FEA had almost the same effect as the thermionic filament, and it was confirmed that both electron sources can neutralize the ion beam.

Gotoh, Yasuhito; Tsuji, Hiroshi; Taguchi, Shuhei; Ikeda, Keita; Kitagawa, Takayuki; Ishikawa, Junzo; Sakai, Shigeki [Dept. of Electron. Sci. Eng., Kyoto Univ. Kyotodaigaku-Katsura, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan); Dept. of Electron. Information Eng., Chubu Univ., 1200, Matsumoto-cho, Kasugai, Aichi 487-8501 (Japan); Nissin Ion Equipment Co., Ltd., 575 Kuze-Tonoshiro-cho, Minami-ku, Kyoto 601-8502 (Japan)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

235

Gyrokinetic large eddy simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The large eddy simulation approach is adapted to the study of plasma microturbulence in a fully three-dimensional gyrokinetic system. Ion temperature gradient driven turbulence is studied with the GENE code for both a standard resolution and a reduced resolution with a model for the sub-grid scale turbulence. A simple dissipative model for representing the effect of the sub-grid scales on the resolved scales is proposed and tested. Once calibrated, the model appears to be able to reproduce most of the features of the free energy spectra for various values of the ion temperature gradient.

Morel, P.; Navarro, A. Banon; Albrecht-Marc, M.; Carati, D. [Statistical and Plasma Physics Laboratory, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles 1050 (Belgium); Merz, F.; Goerler, T.; Jenko, F. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Large Business Development Program (Illinois)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Large Business Development Program, administered by the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, provides grants to large businesses for bondable business activities, including...

237

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Wednesday, 31 August 2011 00:00 From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile...

238

Radio Frequency Noise Effects on the CERN Large Hadron Collider Beam Diffusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radio frequency (rf) accelerating system noise can have a detrimental impact on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) performance through longitudinal motion and longitudinal emittance growth. A theoretical formalism has been developed to relate the beam and rf station dynamics with the bunch length growth. Measurements were conducted at LHC to determine the performance limiting rf components and validate the formalism through studies of the beam diffusion dependence on rf noise. As a result, a noise threshold was established for acceptable performance which provides the foundation for beam diffusion estimates for higher energies and intensities. Measurements were also conducted to determine the low level rf noise spectrum and its major contributions, as well as to validate models and simulations of this system.

Mastoridis, T.; Baudrenghien, P.; Butterworth, A.; Molendijk, J.; /CERN; Rivetta, C.; Fox, J.D.; /SLAC

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

239

Large Spectral Library Problem  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hyperspectral imaging produces a spectrum or vector at each image pixel. These spectra can be used to identify materials present in the image. In some cases, spectral libraries representing atmospheric chemicals or ground materials are available. The challenge is to determine if any of the library chemicals or materials exist in the hyperspectral image. The number of spectra in these libraries can be very large, far exceeding the number of spectral channels collected in the ¯eld. Suppose an image pixel contains a mixture of p spectra from the library. Is it possible to uniquely identify these p spectra? We address this question in this paper and refer to it as the Large Spectral Library (LSL) problem. We show how to determine if unique identi¯cation is possible for any given library. We also show that if p is small compared to the number of spectral channels, it is very likely that unique identi¯cation is possible. We show that unique identi¯cation becomes less likely as p increases.

Chilton, Lawrence K.; Walsh, Stephen J.

2008-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

240

Large Superconducting Magnet Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The increase of energy in accelerators over the past decades has led to the design of superconducting magnets for both accelerators and the associated detectors. The use of Nb?Ti superconducting materials allows an increase in the dipole field by up to 10 T compared with the maximum field of 2 T in a conventional magnet. The field bending of the particles in the detectors and generated by the magnets can also be increased. New materials, such as Nb3Sn and high temperature superconductor (HTS) conductors, can open the way to higher fields, in the range 13–20 T. The latest generations of fusion machines producing hot plasma also use large superconducting magnet systems.

Védrine, P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Mathematical Caricature of Large Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Kadomtsev-Petviiashvili equation is considered as a mathematical caricature of large and rogue waves.

Mikhail Kovalyov

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

242

Large dynamic range diagnostics for high current electron LINACs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Jefferson Lab FEL driver accelerator - Energy Recovery Linac has provided a beam with average current of up to 9 mA and beam energy of 135 MeV. The high power beam operations have allowed developing and testing methods and approaches required to set up and tune such a facility simultaneously for the high beam power and high beam quality required for high performance FEL operations. In this contribution we briefly review this experience and outline problems that are specific to high current - high power non-equilibrium linac beams. While the original strategy for beam diagnostics and tuning have proven to be quite successful, some shortcomings and unresolved issues were also observed. The most important issues are the non-equilibrium (non-Gaussian) nature of the linac beam and the presence of small intensity - large amplitude fraction of the beam a.k.a. beam halo. Thus we also present a list of the possible beam halo sources and discuss possible mitigations means. We argue that for proper understanding and management of the beam halo large dynamic range (>10{sup 6}) transverse and longitudinal beam diagnostics can be used. We also present results of transverse beam profile measurements with the dynamic range approaching 10{sup 5} and demonstrate the effect the increased dynamic range has on the beam characterization, i.e., emittance and Twiss parameters measurements. We also discuss near future work planned in this field and where the JLab FEL facility will be used for beam tests of the developed of new diagnostics.

Evtushenko, P., E-mail: Pavel.Evtushenko@jlab.org [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States)

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

243

Large scale tracking algorithms.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Low signal-to-noise data processing algorithms for improved detection, tracking, discrimination and situational threat assessment are a key research challenge. As sensor technologies progress, the number of pixels will increase signi cantly. This will result in increased resolution, which could improve object discrimination, but unfortunately, will also result in a significant increase in the number of potential targets to track. Many tracking techniques, like multi-hypothesis trackers, suffer from a combinatorial explosion as the number of potential targets increase. As the resolution increases, the phenomenology applied towards detection algorithms also changes. For low resolution sensors, "blob" tracking is the norm. For higher resolution data, additional information may be employed in the detection and classfication steps. The most challenging scenarios are those where the targets cannot be fully resolved, yet must be tracked and distinguished for neighboring closely spaced objects. Tracking vehicles in an urban environment is an example of such a challenging scenario. This report evaluates several potential tracking algorithms for large-scale tracking in an urban environment.

Hansen, Ross L.; Love, Joshua Alan; Melgaard, David Kennett; Karelitz, David B.; Pitts, Todd Alan; Zollweg, Joshua David; Anderson, Dylan Z.; Nandy, Prabal; Whitlow, Gary L.; Bender, Daniel A.; Byrne, Raymond Harry

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

VARIABILITY OF THE PULSED RADIO EMISSION FROM THE LARGE MAGELLANIC CLOUD PULSAR PSR J0529-6652  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied the variability of PSR J0529-6652, a radio pulsar in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), using observations conducted at 1390 MHz with the Parkes 64 m telescope. PSR J0529-6652 is detectable as a single pulse emitter, with amplitudes that classify the pulses as giant pulses. This makes PSR J0529-6652 the second known giant pulse emitter in the LMC, after PSR B0540-69. The fraction of the emitted pulses detectable from PSR J0529-6652 at this frequency is roughly two orders of magnitude greater than it is for either PSR B0540-69 or the Crab pulsar (if the latter were located in the LMC). We have measured a pulse nulling fraction of 83.3% {+-} 1.5% and an intrinsic modulation index of 4.07 {+-} 0.29 for PSR J0529-6652. The modulation index is significantly larger than values previously measured for typical radio pulsars but is comparable to values reported for members of several other neutron star classes. The large modulation index, giant pulses, and large nulling fraction suggest that this pulsar is phenomenologically more similar to these other, more variable sources, despite having spin and physical characteristics that are typical of the unrecycled radio pulsar population. The large modulation index also does not appear to be consistent with the small value predicted for this pulsar by a model of polar cap emission outlined by Gil and Sendyk. This conclusion depends to some extent on the assumption that PSR J0529-6652 is exhibiting core emission, as suggested by its simple profile morphology, narrow profile width, and previously measured profile polarization characteristics.

Crawford, F.; Altemose, D.; Li, H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Franklin and Marshall College, P.O. Box 3003, Lancaster, PA 17604 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Franklin and Marshall College, P.O. Box 3003, Lancaster, PA 17604 (United States); Lorimer, D. R. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States)] [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States)

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

245

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Building Survey Information Database of Buildings over 100 Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems research project, one of six research elements in the Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design of Small Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated

246

Coordinated Multi-layer Multi-domain Optical Network (COMMON) for Large-Scale Science Applications (COMMON)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We intend to implement a Coordinated Multi-layer Multi-domain Optical Network (COMMON) Framework for Large-scale Science Applications. In the COMMON project, specific problems to be addressed include 1) anycast/multicast/manycast request provisioning, 2) deployable OSCARS enhancements, 3) multi-layer, multi-domain quality of service (QoS), and 4) multi-layer, multidomain path survivability. In what follows, we outline the progress in the above categories (Year 1, 2, and 3 deliverables).

Vokkarane, Vinod [University of Massachusetts

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Large Scale Energy Storage: From Nanomaterials to Large Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large Scale Energy Storage: From Nanomaterials to Large Systems Wednesday October 26, 2011, Babbio energy storage devices. Specifically, this talk discusses 1) the challenges for grid scale of emergent technologies with ultralow costs on new energy storage materials and mechanisms. Dr. Jun Liu

Fisher, Frank

248

LARGE-APERTURE D- ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vignetted current profile at accelerator entrance aperture 'LARGE-APERTURE D" ACCELERATORS* 0. A. Anderson" " Lawrencen i a 9-1720 Abstract Accelerator designs are described for

Anderson, O.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

QUENCHES IN LARGE SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

QUENCHES IN LARGE SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETS. P. H. Eberhard,Study of an Unprotected Superconducting Coil Going Normal,"Method for Testing Superconducting Magnets," LBL Physics

Eberhard, P.H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 CERN 73-11Large area avalancheLargeLargeLarge

251

the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) adopted a resolution that not only accepted a long-term strat-egy for reducing emissions but also excluded language intended to prevent unilateral application of EU legislation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of atmospheric pollution, airliners cross many borders and fly through many regula- tory jurisdictions a long-term strat- egy for reducing emissions but also excluded language intended to prevent unilateral-standing disagreement between in- dustrialized and developing countries about preventing climate change. Secondly

Sibille, Etienne

252

A Mock UF6 Feed and Withdrawal System for Testing Safeguards Monitoring Systems and Strategies Intended for Nuclear Fuel Enrichment and Processing Plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes an engineering-scale, mock UF6 feed and withdrawal (F&W) system, its operation, and its intended uses. This system has been assembled to provide a test bed for evaluating and demonstrating new methodologies that can be used in remote, unattended, continuous monitoring of nuclear material process operations. These measures are being investigated to provide independent inspectors improved assurance that operations are being conducted within declared parameters, and to increase the overall effectiveness of safeguarding nuclear material. Testing applicable technologies on a mock F&W system, which uses water as a surrogate for UF6, enables thorough and cost-effective investigation of hardware, software, and operational strategies before their direct installation in an industrial nuclear material processing environment. Electronic scales used for continuous load-cell monitoring also are described as part of the basic mock F&W system description. Continuous monitoring components on the mock F&W system are linked to a data aggregation computer by a local network, which also is depicted. Data collection and storage systems are described only briefly in this report. The mock UF{sub 6} F&W system is economical to operate. It uses a simple process involving only a surge tank between feed tanks and product and withdrawal (or waste) tanks. The system uses water as the transfer fluid, thereby avoiding the use of hazardous UF{sub 6}. The system is not tethered to an operating industrial process involving nuclear materials, thereby allowing scenarios (e.g., material diversion) that cannot be conducted otherwise. These features facilitate conducting experiments that yield meaningful results with a minimum of expenditure and quick turnaround time. Technologies demonstrated on the engineering-scale system lead to field trials (described briefly in this report) for determining implementation issues and performance of the monitoring technologies under plant operating conditions. The ultimate use of technologies tested on the engineering-scale test bed is to work with safeguards agencies to install them in operating plants (e.g., enrichment and fuel processing plants), thereby promoting new safeguards measures with minimal impact to operating plants. In addition, this system is useful in identifying features for new plants that can be incorporated as part of 'safeguards by design,' in which load cells and other monitoring technologies are specified to provide outputs for automated monitoring and inspector evaluation.

Krichinsky, Alan M [ORNL; Bates, Bruce E [ORNL; Chesser, Joel B [ORNL; Koo, Sinsze [ORNL; Whitaker, J Michael [ORNL

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Large-Scale Field Study of Landfill Covers at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A large-scale field demonstration comparing final landfill cover designs has been constructed and is currently being monitored at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Two conventional designs (a RCRA Subtitle `D' Soil Cover and a RCRA Subtitle `C' Compacted Clay Cover) were constructed side-by-side with four alternative cover test plots designed for dry environments. The demonstration is intended to evaluate the various cover designs based on their respective water balance performance, ease and reliability of construction, and cost. This paper presents an overview of the ongoing demonstration.

Dwyer, S.F.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Performance of a large TeO2 crystal as a cryogenic bolometer in searching for neutrinoless double beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bolometers are ideal devices in the search for neutrinoless Double Beta Decay. Enlarging the mass of individual detectors would simplify the construction of a large experiment, but would also decrease the background per unit mass induced by alpha-emitters located close to the surfaces and background arising from external and internal gamma's. We present the very promising results obtained with a 2.13 kg TeO2 crystal. This bolometer, cooled down to a temperature of 10.5 mK in a dilution refrigerator located deep underground in the Gran Sasso National Laboratories, represents the largest thermal detector ever operated. The detector exhibited an energy resolution spanning a range from 3.9 keV (at 145 keV) to 7.8 keV (at the 2615 gamma-line of 208Tl) FWHM. We discuss the decrease in the background per unit mass that can be achieved increasing the mass of a bolometer.

L. Cardani; L. Gironi; J. W. Beeman; I. Dafinei; Z. Ge; G. Pessina; S. Pirro; Y. Zhu

2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

255

CRADA 2009S001: Investigation of the Supercondcuting RF Properties of Large Grain Ingot Niobium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This CRADA intended to explore the properties of large grain ingot niobium by fabricating four single cell TESLA shaped accelerating cavities. Once the cavities were fabricated, SRF performance would be measured. Niowave received four discs of large grain ingot niobium from JLAB in February 2009. Niowave cut samples from each disc and tested the RRR. After the RRR was measured with disappointing results, the project lost interest. A no cost extension was signed in July 2009 to allow progress until June 2010, but ultimately no further work was accomplished by either party. No firm conclusions were drawn, as further investigations were not made. Large grain ingot niobium has shown real potential for high accelerating gradient superconducting cavities. However, this particular CRADA did not gather enough data to reach any conclusions in this regard.

Terry Grimm, Jerry L. Hollister, Ahren Kolka, Ganapati Rao Myneni

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

256

Technical Support Document: Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Large Hospitals - 50% Energy Savings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Technical Support Document describes the process and methodology for the development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Large Hospitals: Achieving 50% Energy Savings Toward a Net Zero Energy Building (AEDG-LH) ASHRAE et al. (2011b). The AEDG-LH is intended to provide recommendations for achieving 50% whole-building energy savings in large hospitals over levels achieved by following Standard 90.1-2004. The AEDG-LH was created for a 'standard' mid- to large-size hospital, typically at least 100,000 ft2, but the strategies apply to all sizes and classifications of new construction hospital buildings. Its primary focus is new construction, but recommendations may be applicable to facilities undergoing total renovation, and in part to many other hospital renovation, addition, remodeling, and modernization projects (including changes to one or more systems in existing buildings).

Bonnema, E.; Leach, M.; Pless, S.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

2014-11-25 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Small, Large, and Very Large Air-cooled Commercial Package Air Conditioning and Heating Equipment; Extension of Public Comment Period  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register extension of the public comment period regarding energy conservation standards for small, large and very large air-cool commercial package air conditioning and heating equipment, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on November 25, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

258

High-Linear Energy Transfer Irradiation Targeted to Skeletal Metastases by the Alpha Emitter Ra-223: Adjuvant or Alternative to Conventional Modalities?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bone-seeking, alpha-particle emitting radiopharmaceutical Alpharadin, 223RaCl2 (t1/2 = 11.4 days) is under clinical development as a novel treatment for skeletal metastases from breast and prostate cancer. This paper summarizes the current status of preclinical and clinical research on 223RaCl2. Potential advantages of 223Ra to that of external beam irradiation or registered beta-emitting bone-seekers are discussed. Published data of 223Ra dosimetry in mice and a therapeutic study in a skeletal metastases model in nude rats have indicated significant therapeutic potential of bone-seeking alpha-emitters. This paper provides short-term and long-term results from the first clinical single dosage trial. We present data from a repeated dosage study of five consecutive injections of 50 kBq/kg bodyweight, once every third week, or two injections of 125 kBq/kg bodyweight, six weeks apart. Furthermore, preliminary results are given for a randomized phase II trial involving 64 patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer and painful skeletal metastases who received four monthly injections of 223Ra or saline as an adjuvant to external beam radiotherapy. Also presented are preliminary dose estimates for 223Ra in humans. Results indicate that repeated dosing is feasible and that opportunities are available for combined treatment strategies.

Bruland, Oyvind S.; Nilsson, Sten; Fisher, Darrell R.; Larsen, Roy H.

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

259

Laser Ablation Sampling of Materials Directly into the Formed Liquid Microjunction of a Continuous Flow Surface Sampling Probe/Electrospray Ionization Emitter for Mass Spectral Analysis and Imaging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transmission geometry laser ablation directly into a formed liquid microjunction of a continuous flow liquid microjunction surface sampling probe/electrospray ionization emitter was utilized for molecular and elemental detection and mass spectrometry imaging. The ability to efficiently capture and ionize ablated material was demonstrated by the detection of various small soluble n-mers of polyaniline and silver ion solvent clusters formed from laser ablation of electropolymerized polyaniline and silver thin films, respectively. In addition, analysis of surfaces that contain soluble components was accomplished by coating or laminating the sample with an insoluble film to enable liquid junction formation without directly extracting material from the surface. The ability to perform mass spectrometry imaging at a spatial resolution of about 50 m was illustrated by using laminated inked patterns on a microscope slide. In general, these data demonstrate at least an order of magnitude signal enhancement compared to the non-contact, laser ablation droplet capture-based surface sampling/ionization approaches that have been previously presented.

Ovchinnikova, Olga S [ORNL] [ORNL; Lorenz, Matthias [ORNL] [ORNL; Kertesz, Vilmos [ORNL] [ORNL; Van Berkel, Gary J [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Happy Holidays! Oldest and Large~t'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-bearing~tudent group accounts after Dean for Student Life Larry G. Benedict pledged to fund interest 'that would have." . Tracy F. Purinton, assistant dean for student activities, said that there are approximately eight.01) students Farhan I. Merali '05 and Corey A. Kemper G take notes on electronic tablets. Originally intended

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 CERN 73-11Large area avalancheLargeLarge

262

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 CERN 73-11Large areaLarge Magnetization atLarge

263

DISCOVERY OF FAST, LARGE-AMPLITUDE OPTICAL VARIABILITY OF V648 Car (=SS73-17)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the discovery of large-amplitude flickering from V648 Car (= SS73-17), a poorly studied object listed among the very few hard X-ray-emitting symbiotic stars. We performed millimagnitude precision optical photometry with the Swope Telescope at the Las Campanas Observatory, Chile, and found that V648 Car shows large U-band variability over timescales of minutes. To our knowledge, it exhibits some of the largest flickering of a symbiotic star ever reported. Our finding supports the hypothesis that symbiotic white dwarfs producing hard X-rays are predominantly powered by accretion, rather than quasi-steady nuclear burning, and have masses close to the Chandrasekhar limit. No significant periodicity is evident from the flickering light curve. The All Sky Automated Survey long-term V light curve suggests the presence of a tidally distorted giant accreting via Roche lobe overflow, and a binary period of {approx}520 days. On the basis of the outstanding physical properties of V648 Car as hinted at by its fast and long-term optical variability, as well as by its nature as a hard X-ray emitter, we therefore call for simultaneous follow-up observations in different bands, ideally combined with time-resolved optical spectroscopy.

Angeloni, R. [Departamento de Astronomia y Astrofisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Vicuna Mackenna 4860, 7820436 Macul, Santiago (Chile); Di Mille, F. [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, The University of Sydney, 44-70 Rosehill Street, Redfern, NSW 2016 (Australia); Ferreira Lopes, C. E. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica e Experimental, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Campus Universitario, Lagoa Nova, CEP 59078-970 Natal/RN (Brazil); Masetti, N., E-mail: rangelon@astro.puc.cl, E-mail: fdimille@aao.gov.au, E-mail: carlos_eduardo@dfte.ufrn.br, E-mail: masetti@iasfbo.inaf.it [INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica di Bologna, via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna (Italy)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Large Sheet Process Consolidation Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this project is to reduce labor costs through the consolidation of large sheet processes into the Beta and Alpha manufacturing plants. The consolidation of equipment and departments will allow for the reduction of indirect labor...

Johnson, Keith

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

265

The Description of Large Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we discuss the problems associated with the description and manipulation of large systems when their sources are not maintained as single fields. We show why and how tools that address these issues, such ...

Pitman, Kent

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Time evolution of the luminosity of colliding heavy-ion beams in BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and CERN Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have studied the time evolution of the heavy ion luminosity and bunch intensities in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), at BNL, and in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), at CERN. First, we present measurements from a large number of RHIC stores (from Run 7), colliding 100 GeV/nucleon 197Au79+ beams without stochastic cooling. These are compared with two different calculation methods. The first is a simulation based on multi-particle tracking taking into account collisions, intrabeam scattering, radiation damping, and synchrotron and betatron motion. In the second, faster, method, a system of ordinary differential equations with terms describing the corresponding effects on emittances and bunch populations is solved numerically. Results of the tracking method agree very well with the RHIC data. With the faster method, significant discrepancies are found since the losses of particles diffusing out of the RF bucket due to intrabeam scattering are not modeled accurately enough. Finally, we use both meth...

Bruce, R; Fischer, W; Jowett, J M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 CERN 73-11Large area avalancheLarge

268

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 CERN 73-11Large areaLarge Magnetization at

269

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformationPostdocs space CombinedValues shown forShadeandLargeLarge

270

Riddell Revolution Speed Adult Large  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Available: Adult Football Helmet Detailed Ratings May 2012 Riddell 360 Sample 1 2 3 Size Adult Large Adult.237 0.239 Overall STAR 0.239 Best Available: A total of 15 adult football helmet models that have been values. Helmet Ratings #12;Adult Football Helmet Detailed Ratings May 2012 Schutt ION 4D Sample 1 2 3

Lu, Chang

271

Comparison of emerging diagnostic tools for large commercial HVAC systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diagnostic software tools for large commercial buildings are being developed to help detect and diagnose energy and other performance problems with building operations. These software applications utilize energy management control system (EMCS) trend log data. Due to the recent development of diagnostic tools, there has been little detailed comparison among the tools and a limited awareness of tool capabilities by potential users. Today, these diagnostic tools focus mainly on air handlers, but the opportunity exists for broadening the scope of the tools to include all major parts of heating, cooling, and ventilation systems in more detail. This paper compares several tools in the following areas: (1) Scope, intent, and background; (2) Data acquisition, pre-processing, and management; (3) Problems detected; (4) Raw data visualization; (5) Manual and automated diagnostic methods and (6) Level of automation. This comparison is intended to provide practitioners and researchers with a picture of the current state of diagnostic tools. There is tremendous potential for these tools to help improve commercial building energy and non-energy performance.

Friedman, Hannah; Piette, Mary Ann

2001-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

272

Large hadron collider (LHC) project quality assurance plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The LHC Quality Assurance Plan is a set of operating principles, requirements, and practices used to support Berkeley Lab's participation in the Large Hadron Collider Project. The LHC/QAP is intended to achieve reliable, safe, and quality performance in the LHC project activities. The LHC/QAP is also designed to fulfill the following objectives: (1) The LHC/QAP is Berkeley Lab's QA program document that describes the elements necessary to integrate quality assurance, safety management, and conduct of operations into the Berkeley Lab's portion of the LHC operations. (2) The LHC/QAP provides the framework for Berkeley Lab LHC Project administrators, managers, supervisors, and staff to plan, manage, perform, and assess their Laboratory work. (3) The LHC/QAP is the compliance document that conforms to the requirements of the Laboratory's Work Smart Standards for quality assurance (DOE O 414.1, 10 CFR 830.120), facility operations (DOE O 5480.19), and safety management (DOE P 450.4).

Gullo, Lisa; Karpenko, Victor; Robinson, Kem; Turner, William; Wong, Otis

2002-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

273

THE FIRST SYSTEMATIC SURVEY FOR Ly{alpha} EMITTERS AT z = 7.3 WITH RED-SENSITIVE SUBARU/SUPRIME-CAM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have performed deep imaging surveys for Ly{alpha} emitters (LAEs) at redshift {approx}7.3 in two blank fields, the Subaru Deep Field (SDF) and the Subaru/XMM-Newton Deep survey Field (SXDF), using the Subaru/Suprime-Cam equipped with new red-sensitive CCDs and a new narrowband filter, NB1006 ({lambda}{sub c} = 10052 Angstrom-Sign , FWHM {Delta}{lambda} = 214 A). We identified four objects as LAE candidates that exhibit luminosity excess in NB1006. By carrying out deep follow-up spectroscopy for three of them using Subaru/FOCAS and Keck/DEIMOS, a definitively asymmetric emission line is detected for one of them, SXDF-NB1006-2. Assuming this line is Ly{alpha}, this object is an LAE at z = 7.215 which has a luminosity of 1.2{sup +1.5}{sub -0.6} Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 43} erg s{sup -1} and a weighted skewness S{sub {omega}} = 4.90 {+-} 0.86. Another object, SDF-NB1006-2, shows variable photometry and is thus probably a quasar (QSO) or an active galactic nucleus. It shows an asymmetric emission line at 10076 A which may be due to either Ly{alpha} at z = 7.288 or [O II] at z = 1.703. The third object, SDF-NB1006-1, is likely a galaxy with temporal luminosity enhancement associated with a supernova explosion, as the brightness of this object varies between the observed epochs. Its spectrum does not show any emission lines. The inferred decrease in the number density of LAEs toward higher redshift is n{sup z={sup {sup 7.3}{sub Ly{alpha}}}}/n{sub Ly{alpha}}{sup z={sup {sup 5.7}}} = 0.05{sup +0.11}{sub -0.05} from z = 5.7 to 7.3 down to L{sup Ly{alpha}} = 1.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 43} erg s{sup -1}. The present result is consistent with the interpretation in previous studies that the neutral hydrogen fraction is rapidly increasing from z = 5.7 to 7.3.

Shibuya, Takatoshi; Kashikawa, Nobunari; Iye, Masanori [Department of Astronomical Science, Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Ota, Kazuaki [Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Ouchi, Masami [Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa 277-8582 (Japan); Furusawa, Hisanori [Optical and Infrared Astronomy Division, National Astronomical Observatory, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Shimasaku, Kazuhiro [Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Hattori, Takashi, E-mail: takatoshi.shibuya@nao.ac.jp [Subaru Telescope, 650 North A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States)

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

274

A SEARCH FOR C II 158 {mu}m LINE EMISSION IN HCM 6A, A Ly{alpha} EMITTER AT z = 6.56  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a Plateau de Bure Interferometer search for C II 158 {mu}m emission from HCM 6A, a lensed Ly{alpha} emitter (LAE) at z = 6.56. Our non-detections of C II 158 {mu}m line emission and 1.2 mm radio continuum emission yield 3{sigma} limits of L{sub CII} < 6.4 x 10{sup 7} x ({Delta}V/100 km s{sup -1}){sup 1/2} L{sub Sun} for the C II 158 {mu}m line luminosity and S{sub 1.2mm} < 0.68 mJy for the 1.2 mm flux density. The local conversion factor between L{sub CII} and the star formation rate (SFR) yields an SFR < 4.7 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}, Almost-Equal-To 2 times lower than that inferred from the ultraviolet (UV) continuum, suggesting that the local factor may not be applicable in high-z LAEs. The non-detection of 1.2 mm continuum emission yields a total SFR < 28 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}; any obscured star formation is thus within a factor of two of the visible star formation. Our best-fit model to the rest-frame UV/optical spectral energy distribution of HCM 6A yields a stellar mass of 1.3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} M{sub Sun} and an SFR of Almost-Equal-To 10 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}, with negligible dust obscuration. We fortuitously detect CO J = 3-2 emission from a z = 0.375 galaxy in the foreground cluster A370, and obtain a CO line luminosity of L'(CO) > (8.95 {+-} 0.79) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 8} K km s{sup -1} pc{sup 2} and a molecular gas mass of M(H{sub 2}) > (4.12 {+-} 0.36) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} M{sub Sun }, for a CO-to-H{sub 2} conversion factor of 4.6 M{sub Sun} (K km s{sup -1} pc{sup 2}){sup -1}.

Kanekar, Nissim [National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Pune 411 007 (India); Wagg, Jeff [European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19 (Chile); Chary, Ranga Ram [U.S. Planck Data Center, MS220-6 Caltech, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Carilli, Christopher L., E-mail: nkanekar@ncra.tifr.res.in [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box O, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States)

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

275

Large Component Removal/Disposal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the removal and disposal of the large components from Maine Yankee Atomic Power Plant. The large components discussed include the three steam generators, pressurizer, and reactor pressure vessel. Two separate Exemption Requests, which included radiological characterizations, shielding evaluations, structural evaluations and transportation plans, were prepared and issued to the DOT for approval to ship these components; the first was for the three steam generators and one pressurizer, the second was for the reactor pressure vessel. Both Exemption Requests were submitted to the DOT in November 1999. The DOT approved the Exemption Requests in May and July of 2000, respectively. The steam generators and pressurizer have been removed from Maine Yankee and shipped to the processing facility. They were removed from Maine Yankee's Containment Building, loaded onto specially designed skid assemblies, transported onto two separate barges, tied down to the barges, th en shipped 2750 miles to Memphis, Tennessee for processing. The Reactor Pressure Vessel Removal Project is currently under way and scheduled to be completed by Fall of 2002. The planning, preparation and removal of these large components has required extensive efforts in planning and implementation on the part of all parties involved.

Wheeler, D. M.

2002-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

276

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Energy Impact Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Energy Impact Report Statewide Energy Impact Report are part of the Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems research project. The reports: Productivity and Interior Environments Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design

277

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 CERN 73-11Large area

278

Extra-Large Memory Nodes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series toESnet4:Epitaxial Thin FilmEquipment SSRLExploringExtra-Large Memory

279

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformationPostdocs space CombinedValues shown forShadeandLarge

280

The Large Aperture GRB Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Large Aperture GRB Observatory (LAGO) is aiming at the detection of the high energy (around 100 GeV) component of Gamma Ray Bursts, using the single particle technique in arrays of Water Cherenkov Detectors (WCD) in high mountain sites (Chacaltaya, Bolivia, 5300 m a.s.l., Pico Espejo, Venezuela, 4750 m a.s.l., Sierra Negra, Mexico, 4650 m a.s.l). WCD at high altitude offer a unique possibility of detecting low gamma fluxes in the 10 GeV - 1 TeV range. The status of the Observatory and data collected from 2007 to date will be presented.

Allard, D; Asorey, H; Barros, H; Bertou, X; Castillo, M; Chirinos, J M; De Castro, A; Flores, S; González, J; Berisso, M Gomez; Grajales, J; Guada, C; Day, W R Guevara; Ishitsuka, J; López, J A; Martínez, O; Melfo, A; Meza, E; Loza, P Miranda; Barbosa, E Moreno; Murrugarra, C; Núñez, L A; Ormachea, L J Otiniano; Pérez, G; Perez, Y; Ponce, E; Quispe, J; Quintero, C; Rivera, H; Rosales, M; Rovero, A C; Saavedra, O; Salazar, H; Tello, J C; Peralda, R Ticona; Varela, E; Velarde, A; Villaseñor, L; Wahl, D; Zamalloa, M A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Extension of the T{sub z} = {minus}3/2, A = 4n + 1 series of beta-delayed proton emitters to {sup 65}Se and {sup 73}Sr, and low energy beta-delayed proton emission from the T{sub z} = {minus}3/2, A = 4n + 3 nucleus {sup 23}Al  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The series of known Tz = {minus}3/2, A = 4n + 1 nuclei has been extended to include the previously undiscovered isotopes {sup 65}Se and {sup 73}Sr, through the observation of beta-delayed proton emission via the isobaric analog state (IAS) of the beta-daughter (emitter). Due to the relatively large proton energies involved, these experiments were conducted using standard Si-Si {Delta}E-E telescopes. Beta-delayed protons arising from {sup 65}Se have been observed at an energy (laboratory) of 3.55 {plus_minus} 0.03 MeV, corresponding to the decay of the T = 3/2 isobaric analog state in {sup 65}As to the ground state of {sup 64}Ge. Similarly, beta-delayed protons from {sup 73}Sr at an energy of 3.75 {plus_minus} 0.04 MeV have been observed, corresponding to decay of the T = 3/2 isobaric analog state in {sup 73}Rb to the ground state of {sup 72}Kr. From the energies of these proton transitions, an improved prediction of the mass excesses of the two parent nuclei ({sup 65}Se and {sup 73}Sr) is made through the use of a Coulomb displacement formula. These predictions are {minus}33.41 {plus_minus} 0.26 and {minus}31.87 {plus_minus} 0.24 MeV for {sup 65}Se and {sup 73}Sr, respectively. Studies of low energy (down to {approximately}200 keV) beta-delayed protons from {sup 23}Al necessitated that a particle identification telescope with a low energy threshold for observation and identification of protons be developed. {sup 23}Al is of interest because of its role in the breakout of the hot CNO cycle leading to the astrophysical rp process.

Batchelder, J.C.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Strain-Based Design Methodology of Large Diameter Grade X80 Linepipe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Continuous growth in energy demand is driving oil and natural gas production to areas that are often located far from major markets where the terrain is prone to earthquakes, landslides, and other types of ground motion. Transmission pipelines that cross this type of terrain can experience large longitudinal strains and plastic circumferential elongation as the pipeline experiences alignment changes resulting from differential ground movement. Such displacements can potentially impact pipeline safety by adversely affecting structural capacity and leak tight integrity of the linepipe steel. Planning for new long-distance transmission pipelines usually involves consideration of higher strength linepipe steels because their use allows pipeline operators to reduce the overall cost of pipeline construction and increase pipeline throughput by increasing the operating pressure. The design trend for new pipelines in areas prone to ground movement has evolved over the last 10 years from a stress-based design approach to a strain-based design (SBD) approach to further realize the cost benefits from using higher strength linepipe steels. This report presents an overview of SBD for pipelines subjected to large longitudinal strain and high internal pressure with emphasis on the tensile strain capacity of high-strength microalloyed linepipe steel. The technical basis for this report involved engineering analysis and examination of the mechanical behavior of Grade X80 linepipe steel in both the longitudinal and circumferential directions. Testing was conducted to assess effects on material processing including as-rolled, expanded, and heat treatment processing intended to simulate coating application. Elastic-plastic and low-cycle fatigue analyses were also performed with varying internal pressures. Proposed SBD models discussed in this report are based on classical plasticity theory and account for material anisotropy, triaxial strain, and microstructural damage effects developed from test data. The results are intended to enhance SBD and analysis methods for producing safe and cost effective pipelines capable of accommodating large plastic strains in seismically active arctic areas.

Lower, Mark D. [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

The Expanded Very Large Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In almost 30 years of operation, the Very Large Array (VLA) has proved to be a remarkably flexible and productive radio telescope. However, the basic capabilities of the VLA have changed little since it was designed. A major expansion utilizing modern technology is currently underway to improve the capabilities of the VLA by at least an order of magnitude in both sensitivity and in frequency coverage. The primary elements of the Expanded Very Large Array (EVLA) project include new or upgraded receivers for continuous frequency coverage from 1 to 50 GHz, new local oscillator, intermediate frequency, and wide bandwidth data transmission systems to carry signals with 16 GHz total bandwidth from each antenna, and a new digital correlator with the capability to process this bandwidth with an unprecedented number of frequency channels for an imaging array. Also included are a new monitor and control system and new software that will provide telescope ease of use. Scheduled for completion in 2012, the EVLA will prov...

Perley, R; Jackson, J; Butler, B; Carlson, B; Fort, D; Dewdney, P; Clark, B; Hayward, R; Durand, S; Revnell, M; McKinnon, M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Visualization of Large-Scale Distributed Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that are now considered the "lenses" for examining large-scale data. THE LARGE-SCALE DATA VISUALIZATIONVisualization of Large-Scale Distributed Data Jason Leigh1 , Andrew Johnson1 , Luc Renambot1 representation of data and the interactive manipulation and querying of the visualization. Large-scale data

Johnson, Andrew

285

Large optics inspection, tilting, and washing stand  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A large optics stand provides a risk free means of safely tilting large optics with ease and a method of safely tilting large optics with ease. The optics are supported in the horizontal position by pads. In the vertical plane the optics are supported by saddles that evenly distribute the optics weight over a large area.

Ayers, Marion Jay (Brentwood, CA); Ayers, Shannon Lee (Brentwood, CA)

2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

286

Large optics inspection, tilting, and washing stand  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A large optics stand provides a risk free means of safely tilting large optics with ease and a method of safely tilting large optics with ease. The optics are supported in the horizontal position by pads. In the vertical plane the optics are supported by saddles that evenly distribute the optics weight over a large area.

Ayers, Marion Jay; Ayers, Shannon Lee

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

287

Relaxing a large cosmological constant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cosmological constant (CC) problem is the biggest enigma of theoretical physics ever. In recent times, it has been rephrased as the dark energy problem in order to encompass a wider spectrum of possibilities. It is, in any case, a polyhedric puzzle with many faces, including the cosmic coincidence problem, i.e. why the density of matter is presently so close to the CC density. However, the oldest, toughest and most intriguing face of this polyhedron is the big CC problem, namely why the measured value of the CC at present is so small as compared to any typical density scale existing in high energy physics, especially taking into account the many phase transitions that our Universe has undergone since the early times, including inflation. In this letter, we propose to extend the field equations of General Relativity by including a class of invariant terms that automatically relax the value of the CC irrespective of the initial size of the vacuum energy in the early epochs. We show that, at late times, the Universe enters an eternal de Sitter stage mimicking a tiny positive cosmological constant. Thus, these models could solve the big CC problem and have also a bearing on the cosmic coincidence problem. Remarkably, they mimic the LCDM model to a large extent, but they still leave some characteristic imprints that should be testable in the next generation of experiments.

Florian Bauer; Joan Sola; Hrvoje Stefancic

2009-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

288

Released on receipt but intended for use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WEATHER t MaU.ed-*March1, 1927 By Dr. Charles F. Brooks of C l a r k 'University THE LATE NORTHEAST The w, Ill, age a t the end of March i n the l a t i t u d e of New York City. While Chicago, Grand Rapids, have the l a t e s t dates. The retardation of spring in the Lake region and Northeast is due

289

Released on receipt but intended for use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-.IC Cylindrical snowballs rolled by tho wind on snow-covered f i e l d s and hvns are called ''snow rollers trough i n the snow, marking the path along which the rolling has occurred. The trough i s widest

290

Released on receipt but intended for use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be possible t o produce a good-sized thundershower by mere- ly burning down a forest, or, if one preferred. The idea of generating rain by means of artificial vortices in the atmos- phere, produced (p3gardless the deposit of water an the out- side of an ice pitcher, proposed t o set up a barrier packed with ice

291

Q-values of the Superallowed beta-Emitters 26m-Al, 42-Sc and 46-V and their impact on V_ud and the Unitarity of the CKM Matrix  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The beta-decay Q_EC-values of the superallowed beta emitters 26m-Al, 42-Sc and 46-V have been measured with a Penning trap to a relative precision of better than 8x10^-9. Our result for 46-V, 7052.72(31) keV, confirms a recent measurement that differed significantly from the previously accepted reaction-based Q_EC-value. However, our results for 26m-Al and 42-Sc, 4232.83(13) keV and 6426.13(21) keV, are consistent with previous reaction-based values. By eliminating the possibility of a systematic difference between the two techniques, this result demonstrates that no significant shift in the deduced value of V_ud should be anticipated.

T. Eronen; J. C. Hardy; V. Elomaa; U. Hager; J. Hakala; A. Jokinen; A. Kankainen; V. S. Kolhinen; I. Moore; H. Penttila; S. Rahaman; J. Rissanen; A. Saastamoinen; T. Sonoda; J. Aysto

2006-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

292

Large-Scale Renewable Energy Guide Webinar  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Webinar introduces the “Large Scale Renewable Energy Guide." The webinar will provide an overview of this important FEMP guide, which describes FEMP's approach to large-scale renewable energy projects and provides guidance to Federal agencies and the private sector on how to develop a common process for large-scale renewable projects.

293

Conundrum of the Large Scale Streaming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The etiology of the large scale peculiar velocity (large scale streaming motion) of clusters would increasingly seem more tenuous, within the context of the gravitational instability hypothesis. Are there any alternative testable models possibly accounting for such large scale streaming of clusters?

T. M. Malm

1999-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

294

Using Multispectral Imaging to Measure Temperature Profiles and Emissivity of Large Thermionic Dispenser, Cathodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermionic dispenser cathodes are widely used in modern high-power microwave tubes. Use of these cathodes has led to significant improvement in performance. In recent years these cathodes have been used in electron linear accelerators (LINACs), particularly in induction LINACs, such as the Experimental Test Accelerator at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the Relativistic Test Accelerator at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. For induction LINACs, the thermionic dispenser cathode provides greater reproducibility, longer pulse lengths, and lower emittance beams than does a field emission cathode. Los Alamos National Laboratory is fabricating a dual-axis X-ray radiography machine called dual-axis radiograph hydrodynamic test (DARHT). The second axis of DARHT consists of a 2-kA, 20-MeV induction LINAC that uses a 3.2-MeV electron gun with a tungsten thermionic-dispenser cathode. Typically the DARHT cathode current density is 10 A/cm{sup 2} at 1050 C. Under these conditions current density is space-charge limited, which is desirable since current density is independent of temperature. At lower temperature (the temperature-limited regime) there are variations in the local current density due to a nonuniform temperature profile. To obtain the desired uniform current density associated with space-charge limited operation, the coolest area on the cathode must be at a sufficiently high temperature so that the emission is space-charge limited. Consequently, the rest of the cathode is emitting at the same space-charge-limited current density but is at a higher temperature than necessary. Because cathode lifetime is such a strong function of cathode temperature, there is a severe penalty for nonuniformity in the cathode temperature. For example, a temperature increase of 50 C means cathode lifetime will decrease by a factor of at least four. Therefore, we are motivated to measure the temperature profiles of our large-area cathodes.

D.F. Simmons; C.M. Fortgang; D.B. Holtkamp

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Group M1 Response to the Snowmass 2001 Charge Working Group M1: Muon-Based Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; cost-effective longitudinal manipulation and ionization cooling techniques for reducing transverse emittance; and rapid and efficient acceleration techniques that accommodate large longitudinal, but requirements are more severe. Emittance reduction must include longitudinal cooling ("emittance exchange

296

Large-eddy simulations of scramjet engines.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The main objective of this dissertation is to develop large-eddy simulation (LES) based computational tools for supersonic inlet and combustor design. In the recent past,… (more)

Koo, Heeseok

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

A Database Index to Large Biological Sequences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hunt,E. Atkinson,M.P. Irving,R.W. Proceedings of the 27th Conference on Very Large Databases pp 139-148 Morgan Kaufmann

Hunt, E.

298

Idaho Power- Large Commercial Custom Efficiency Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Large commercial and industrial Idaho Power customers that reduce energy usage through more efficient electrical commercial and industrial processes may qualify for an incentive that is the lesser...

299

The Ion Line Stark Parameters Dependence on the Emitter Rest Core Charge and the Electron Temperature within Ns-Np Transition Arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently published Stark widths and shifts measured and calculated data and their dependence on the upper level ionization potential {chi} are used here to demonstrate the existence of the other kinds of reularities within similar spectra of different elements and their ionization stage. The emphasis is on the Stark parameter dependence on the rest core charge and the electron temperatures for the lines from similar spectra. The found relations connecting Stark broadening and shift parameters and upper level ionization potential, rest core charge and electron temperature were used for a prediction of new Stark broadening data, avoiding much more comlicated procedures. For opacity calculations and investigation of stellar atmosphere, when a large number of line broadening data was required, present investigation are useful in enlarging the number of required data. This field of research remains largely open to other demonstrations of regularities and similarities, as long as one can relate the same kind of spectroscopic transition. Also, the attained dependencies can be used as an additional criteria for checking accuracy of the particular theoretical and experimental data from diferent sources.

Scepanovic, Mara; Puric, Jagos [Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, University of Montenegro, P.O.Box 211, 81000 Podgorica (Montenegro); Faculty of Physics, University of Belgrade, P.O.Box 368, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro)

2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

300

Sustainability of Large Photovoltaic Deployment: Environmental Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainability of Large Photovoltaic Deployment: Environmental Research Sustainability of Large Photovoltaic Deployment: Environmental ResearchEnvironmental ResearchEnvironmental Research Vasilis Fthenakis, Cu, Fe) CdSO4 Cd Metal Tellurium Clean Glass Cd Electrowinning Cell Cu Recovery Te Separation from Cd

Homes, Christopher C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Microfluidic Large-Scale Integration: The Evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microfluidic Large-Scale Integration: The Evolution of Design Rules for Biological Automation, polydimethylsiloxane Abstract Microfluidic large-scale integration (mLSI) refers to the develop- ment of microfluidic, are discussed. Several microfluidic components used as building blocks to create effective, complex, and highly

Quake, Stephen R.

302

Large-Scale in the United  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large-Scale Offshore Wind Power in the United States ASSESSMENT OF OPPORTUNITIES AND BARRIERS, including 10% post consumer waste. #12;Large-Scale Offshore Wind Power in the United States ASSESSMENT Energy, Office of Wind and Water Power Technologies for their financial and technical support

303

Asymptotic and measured large frequency separations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the space-borne missions CoRoT and Kepler, a large amount of asteroseismic data is now available. So-called global oscillation parameters are inferred to characterize the large sets of stars, to perform ensemble asteroseismology, and to derive scaling relations. The mean large separation is such a key parameter. It is therefore crucial to measure it with the highest accuracy. As the conditions of measurement of the large separation do not coincide with its theoretical definition, we revisit the asymptotic expressions used for analysing the observed oscillation spectra. Then, we examine the consequence of the difference between the observed and asymptotic values of the mean large separation. The analysis is focused on radial modes. We use series of radial-mode frequencies to compare the asymptotic and observational values of the large separation. We propose a simple formulation to correct the observed value of the large separation and then derive its asymptotic counterpart. We prove that, apart from glitc...

Mosser, B; Belkacem, K; Goupil, M J; Baglin, A; Barban, C; Provost, J; Samadi, R; Auvergne, M; Catala, C

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

MacroCapTM SP is a cation exchanger designed for the purification of large biomolecules such as polyethylene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as polyethylene glycol (PEG)-modified proteins (i.e., PEGylated proteins) that are intended for use

Lebendiker, Mario

305

Very Large System Dynamics Models - Lessons Learned  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper provides lessons learned from developing several large system dynamics (SD) models. System dynamics modeling practice emphasize the need to keep models small so that they are manageable and understandable. This practice is generally reasonable and prudent; however, there are times that large SD models are necessary. This paper outlines two large SD projects that were done at two Department of Energy National Laboratories, the Idaho National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories. This paper summarizes the models and then discusses some of the valuable lessons learned during these two modeling efforts.

Jacob J. Jacobson; Leonard Malczynski

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Time evolution of the luminosity of colliding heavy-ion beams in BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and CERN Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have studied the time evolution of the heavy ion luminosity and bunch intensities in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), at BNL, and in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), at CERN. First, we present measurements from a large number of RHIC stores (from Run 7), colliding 100 GeV/nucleon Au beams without stochastic cooling. These are compared with two different calculation methods. The first is a simulation based on multi-particle tracking taking into account collisions, intrabeam scattering, radiation damping, and synchrotron and betatron motion. In the second, faster, method, a system of ordinary differential equations with terms describing the corresponding effects on emittances and bunch populations is solved numerically. Results of the tracking method agree very well with the RHIC data. With the faster method, significant discrepancies are found since the losses of particles diffusing out of the RF bucket due to intrabeam scattering are not modeled accurately enough. Finally, we use both methods to make predictions of the time evolution of the future Pb beams in the LHC at injection and collision energy. For this machine, the two methods agree well.

R. Bruce; M. Blaskiewicz; W. Fischer; J. M. Jowett

2010-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

307

Three Essays on Intended and not Intended Impacts of Conditional Cash Transfers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Statistics 83: 257-268 [25] Gelles R. 1974. The violent267-88. [50] Straus M, Gelles R, Steinmetz S. 1980. Behind

Perova, Elizaveta

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Three Essays on Intended and not Intended Impacts of Conditional Cash Transfers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

private pharmacies number of SME registered number ofprivate pharmacies number of SME registered number ofprivate pharmacies number of SME registered number of

Perova, Elizaveta

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Program Management for Large Scale Engineering Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The goal of this whitepaper is to summarize the LAI research that applies to program management. The context of most of the research discussed in this whitepaper are large-scale engineering programs, particularly in the ...

Oehmen, Josef

310

Large-Scale Wind Training Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Project objective is to develop a credit-bearing wind technician program and a non-credit safety training program, train faculty, and purchase/install large wind training equipment.

Porter, Richard L. [Hudson Valley Community College

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Finite N from Resurgent Large N  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Due to instanton effects, gauge-theoretic large N expansions yield asymptotic series, in powers of 1/N^2. The present work shows how to generically make such expansions meaningful via their completion into resurgent transseries, encoding both perturbative and nonperturbative data. Large N resurgent transseries compute gauge-theoretic finite N results nonperturbatively (no matter how small N is). Explicit calculations are carried out within the gauge theory prototypical example of the quartic matrix model. Due to integrability in the matrix model, it is possible to analytically compute (fixed integer) finite N results. At the same time, the large N resurgent transseries for the free energy of this model was recently constructed. Together, it is shown how the resummation of the large N resurgent transseries matches the analytical finite N results up to remarkable numerical accuracy. Due to lack of Borel summability, Stokes phenomena has to be carefully taken into account, implying that instantons play a dominan...

Couso-Santamaría, Ricardo; Vaz, Ricardo

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Bayesian Analysis for Large Spatial Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

simulations, so Bayesian approach is infeasible for large sample size n due to the current computational power limit. In this dissertation, we propose two approaches to address this computational issue, namely, the auxiliary lattice model (ALM) approach...

Park, Jincheol

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

313

Integrated Commissioning for a Large Medical Facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated Commissioning for A Large Medical Facility Yeqiao Zhu, Ph.D. Project Manager Texas A&M University Mingsheng Liu, Ph.D. Tommy Batten John Zhou, Ph.D. Associate Professor Researcher Control Engineer University of Nabraska Texas A... Commissioning (CC) can still reduce the energy consumption further and also can improve the building comfort level [Zhu, et al., 1997; Liu, et al., 1998; Claridge, et al., 1996; Haasl and Edmunds, 1997; Lawson, 19971. For the large medical center, the HVAC...

Zhu, Y.; Batten, T.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.; Giebler, T.; Liu, M.; Zhou, J.; Cameron, C.; Keeble, B.; Hirchak, R.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Evaluation of dual energy quantitative CT for determining the spatial distributions of red marrow and bone for dosimetry in internal emitter radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate a three-equation three-unknown dual-energy quantitative CT (DEQCT) technique for determining region specific variations in bone spongiosa composition for improved red marrow dose estimation in radionuclide therapy. Methods: The DEQCT method was applied to 80/140 kVp images of patient-simulating lumbar sectional body phantoms of three sizes (small, medium, and large). External calibration rods of bone, red marrow, and fat-simulating materials were placed beneath the body phantoms. Similar internal calibration inserts were placed at vertebral locations within the body phantoms. Six test inserts of known volume fractions of bone, fat, and red marrow were also scanned. External-to-internal calibration correction factors were derived. The effects of body phantom size, radiation dose, spongiosa region segmentation granularity [single (?17 × 17 mm) region of interest (ROI), 2 × 2, and 3 × 3 segmentation of that single ROI], and calibration method on the accuracy of the calculated volume fractions of red marrow (cellularity) and trabecular bone were evaluated. Results: For standard low dose DEQCT x-ray technique factors and the internal calibration method, the RMS errors of the estimated volume fractions of red marrow of the test inserts were 1.2–1.3 times greater in the medium body than in the small body phantom and 1.3–1.5 times greater in the large body than in the small body phantom. RMS errors of the calculated volume fractions of red marrow within 2 × 2 segmented subregions of the ROIs were 1.6–1.9 times greater than for no segmentation, and RMS errors for 3 × 3 segmented subregions were 2.3–2.7 times greater than those for no segmentation. Increasing the dose by a factor of 2 reduced the RMS errors of all constituent volume fractions by an average factor of 1.40 ± 0.29 for all segmentation schemes and body phantom sizes; increasing the dose by a factor of 4 reduced those RMS errors by an average factor of 1.71 ± 0.25. Results for external calibrations exhibited much larger RMS errors than size matched internal calibration. Use of an average body size external-to-internal calibration correction factor reduced the errors to closer to those for internal calibration. RMS errors of less than 30% or about 0.01 for the bone and 0.1 for the red marrow volume fractions would likely be satisfactory for human studies. Such accuracies were achieved for 3 × 3 segmentation of 5 mm slice images for: (a) internal calibration with 4 times dose for all size body phantoms, (b) internal calibration with 2 times dose for the small and medium size body phantoms, and (c) corrected external calibration with 4 times dose and all size body phantoms. Conclusions: Phantom studies are promising and demonstrate the potential to use dual energy quantitative CT to estimate the spatial distributions of red marrow and bone within the vertebral spongiosa.

Goodsitt, Mitchell M., E-mail: goodsitt@umich.edu; Shenoy, Apeksha; Howard, David; Christodoulou, Emmanuel; Dewaraja, Yuni K. [Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Shen, Jincheng [Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Schipper, Matthew J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Wilderman, Scott [Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Chun, Se Young [Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ulsan 689-798 (Korea, Republic of)] [Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ulsan 689-798 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

315

DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications.  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications Large scale Python and other dynamic applications may spend huge...

316

Large muon electric dipole moment from flavor?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the prospects and opportunities of a large muon electric dipole moment (EDM) of the order (10{sup -24}-10{sup -22}) ecm. We investigate how natural such a value is within the general minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model with CP violation from lepton flavor violation in view of the experimental constraints. In models with hybrid gauge-gravity-mediated supersymmetry breaking, a large muon EDM is indicative for the structure of flavor breaking at the Planck scale, and points towards a high messenger scale.

Hiller, Gudrun; Huitu, Katri; Rueppell, Timo; Laamanen, Jari [CERN, Theory Division, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland) and Institut fuer Physik, Technische Universitaet Dortmund, D-44221 Dortmund (Germany); Department of Physics, and Helsinki Institute of Physics, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki (Finland); Theoretical High Energy Physics, Radboud University Nijmegen, P.O. Box 9010, NL-6500 GL Nijmegen (Netherlands)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Large volume flow-through scintillating detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A large volume flow through radiation detector for use in large air flow situations such as incinerator stacks or building air systems comprises a plurality of flat plates made of a scintillating material arranged parallel to the air flow. Each scintillating plate has a light guide attached which transfers light generated inside the scintillating plate to an associated photomultiplier tube. The output of the photomultiplier tubes are connected to electronics which can record any radiation and provide an alarm if appropriate for the application.

Gritzo, Russ E. (Los Alamos, NM); Fowler, Malcolm M. (Los Alamos, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Automatic Stability Checking for Large Analog Circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

breakpoints. However, this method suffers from extremely high time and memory complexity and thus cannot be scaled to very large analog circuits. In this research work, we first take an in-depth look at the loop finder algorithm so as to identify certain key...

Mukherjee, Parijat 1985-

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

319

Calcium Dynamics in Large Neuronal Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 6 Calcium Dynamics in Large Neuronal Models ERIK DE SCHUTTER and PAUL SMOLEN 6.1 Introduction Calcium is an important intracellular signaling molecule with rapid e ect on the kinetics of many active membrane model that includes Ca2+ dynamics, one is faced with a feedback loop: the Ca2+-activated

De Schutter, Erik

320

Aerodynamic beam generator for large particles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new type of aerodynamic particle beam generator is disclosed. This generator produces a tightly focused beam of large material particles at velocities ranging from a few feet per second to supersonic speeds, depending on the exact configuration and operating conditions. Such generators are of particular interest for use in additive fabrication techniques.

Brockmann, John E. (Albuquerque, NM); Torczynski, John R. (Albuquerque, NM); Dykhuizen, Ronald C. (Albuquerque, NM); Neiser, Richard A. (Albuquerque, NM); Smith, Mark F. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Large scale structure of the Universe: Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The changes of main paradigms on the structure and evolution of the Universe are reviewed. Two puzzles of the modern cosmology, the mean density of matter and the regularity of the Universe on large scales, as well as the possibility to solve these puzzles by the introduction of more complicated form of inflation, are discussed.

J. Einasto

1997-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

322

Dark Matter and Large Scale Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A review of the study of dark matter and large scale structure of the Universe at Tartu Observatory is given. Tartu astronomers have participated in this development, starting from Ernst "Opik and Grigori Kuzmin, and continuing with the present generation of astronomers. Our goal was to understand better the structure, origin and evolution of the Universe.

J. Einasto

2000-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

323

Adaptive Training for Large Vocabulary Continuous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Training for Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition Kai Yu Hughes Hall College for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy #12;ii Summary In recent years, there has been a trend towards training is to train hidden Markov models (HMMs) on the whole data set as if all data comes from a single acoustic

Hain, Thomas

324

Large-N droplets in two dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using lattice effective field theory, we study the ground state binding energy of N distinct particles in two dimensions with equal mass interacting weakly via an attractive SU(N)-symmetric short range potential. We find that in the limit of zero range and large N, the ratio of binding energies B_{N}/B_{N-1} approaches the value 8.3(6).

Dean Lee

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

Prospective Climate Change Impact on Large Rivers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.g. long-term trends could affect hydropower, ecosystems and aquatic species...). 1917 2005 Athabasca; #12;4 Reduced Water Supply from Reservoirs Climate Change Issues in the US 1. Rainfall vs Snowmelt; 21 Prospective Climate Change Impact on Large Rivers in the US and South Korea Pierre Y. Julien Dept

Julien, Pierre Y.

326

Analysis of large soil samples for actinides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method of analyzing relatively large soil samples for actinides by employing a separation process that includes cerium fluoride precipitation for removing the soil matrix and precipitates plutonium, americium, and curium with cerium and hydrofluoric acid followed by separating these actinides using chromatography cartridges.

Maxwell, III; Sherrod L. (Aiken, SC)

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

327

Laser Power Meter Large, bright, backlit LCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser Power Meter FEATURES · Large, bright, backlit LCD display · Digital accuracy with analog-like movement for laser tuning · Works with thermopile and optical sensors · Intuitive button-driven user COMPATIBILITY · PowerMax® thermal sensors · Optical sensors FieldMaxII-TO Coherent Laser Measurement and Control

Woodall, Jerry M.

328

7, 1553315563, 2007 Large-scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Pacific, correlations with CO, CO2, CH4, and C2Cl4 were dif- fuse overall, but recognizable on flights out Chemistry and Physics Discussions Factors influencing the large-scale distribution of Hg in the Mexico City the Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment Phase B (INTEX-B) cam- paign in spring 2006. Flights were conducted

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

329

Highly-basic large-pore zeolite catalysts for NOx reduction at low temperatures  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high-surface-area (greater than 600 m2/g), large-pore (pore size diameter greater than 6.5 angstroms), basic zeolite having a structure such as an alkali metal cation-exchanged Y-zeolite is employed to convert NO.sub.x contained in an oxygen-rich engine exhaust to N.sub.2 and O.sub.2. Preferably, the invention relates to a two-stage method and apparatus for NO.sub.x reduction in an oxygen-rich engine exhaust such as diesel engine exhaust that includes a plasma oxidative stage and a selective reduction stage. The first stage employs a non-thermal plasma treatment of NO.sub.x gases in an oxygen-rich exhaust and is intended to convert NO to NO.sub.2 in the presence of O.sub.2 and added hydrocarbons. The second stage employs a lean-NO.sub.x catalyst including the basic zeolite at relatively low temperatures to convert such NO.sub.2 to environmentally benign gases that include N.sub.2, CO.sub.2, and H.sub.2 O.

Penetrante, Bernardino M.; Brusasco, Raymond M.; Merritt, Bernard T.; Vogtlin, George E.

2004-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

330

Large steam turbine repair: A survey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report covers a survey taken to document the current state-of-the-art in repairs to large steam turbines. One objective was to provide information to assist utilities in making repair or replacement decisions. The survey revealed that a large number of repairs have been successfully repaired involving both mechanical and welding repair techniques. Repair techniques have been improving in recent years and are being used more frequently. No guidelines or codes exist for the repair of steam turbine components so each repair is primarily controlled by agreement between the utility, contractor and insurer. Types of repairs are reviewed in this report and in addition, the capabilities of various contractors who are currently active in providing repair service. 40 refs., 10 figs., 4 tabs.

Findlan, S.J.; Lube, B. (EPRI Nondestructive Evaluation Center, Charlotte, NC (United States))

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

MSW effect for large mixing angles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The traditional physical description of neutrino flavor conversion in the Sun focuses on the notion of resonance. However, the resonance picture is valid only in the limit of small mixing angles theta. For large values of theta, the resonance picture leads to seemingly paradoxical results. This observation is important for understanding the physics of neutrino flavor conversion in the Sun, since the latest solar neutrino data seems to prefer large mixing angles. Here we review the basic arguments and in particular show that the resonance does not in general coincide with either the point of maximal violation of adiabaticity in the nonadiabatic case or the point of maximal flavor conversion in the adiabatic case. We also discuss a modified adiabaticity criterion.

Alexander Friedland

2001-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

332

The International Large Detector: Letter of Intent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The International Large Detector (ILD) is a concept for a detector at the International Linear Collider, ILC. The ILC will collide electrons and positrons at energies of initially 500 GeV, upgradeable to 1 TeV. The ILC has an ambitious physics program, which will extend and complement that of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). A hallmark of physics at the ILC is precision. The clean initial state and the comparatively benign environment of a lepton collider are ideally suited to high precision measurements. To take full advantage of the physics potential of ILC places great demands on the detector performance. The design of ILD is driven by these requirements. Excellent calorimetry and tracking are combined to obtain the best possible overall event reconstruction, including the capability to reconstruct individual particles within jets for particle ow calorimetry. This requires excellent spatial resolution for all detector systems. A highly granular calorimeter system is combined with a central tracker which st...

Abe, Toshinori; Abramowicz, Halina; Adamus, Marek; Adeva, Bernardo; Afanaciev, Konstantin; Aguilar-Saavedra, Juan Antonio; Alabau Pons, Carmen; Albrecht, Hartwig; Andricek, Ladislav; Anduze, Marc; Aplin, Steve J.; Arai, Yasuo; Asano, Masaki; Attie, David; Attree, Derek J.; Burger, Jochen; Bailey, David; Balbuena, Juan Pablo; Ball, Markus; Ballin, James; Barbi, Mauricio; Barlow, Roger; Bartels, Christoph; Bartsch, Valeria; Bassignana, Daniela; Bates, Richard; Baudot, Jerome; Bechtle, Philip; Beck, Jeannine; Beckmann, Moritz; Bedjidian, Marc; Behnke, Ties; Belkadhi, Khaled; Bellerive, Alain; Bentvelsen, Stan; Bergauer, Thomas; Berggren, C.Mikael U.; Bergholz, Matthias; Bernreuther, Werner; Besancon, Marc; Besson, Auguste; Bhattacharya, Sudeb; Bhuyan, Bipul; Biebel, Otmar; Bilki, Burak; Blair, Grahame; Blumlein, Johannes; Bo, Li; Boisvert, Veronique; Bondar, A.; Bonvicini, Giovanni; Boos, Eduard; Boudry, Vincent; Bouquet, Bernard; Bouvier, Joel; Bozovic-Jelisavcic, Ivanka; Brient, Jean-Claude; Brock, Ian; Brogna, Andrea; Buchholz, Peter; Buesser, Karsten; Bulgheroni, Antonio; Butler, John; Buttar, Craig; Buzulutskov, A.F.; Caccia, Massimo; Caiazza, Stefano; Calcaterra, Alessandro; Caldwell, Allen; Callier, Stephane L.C.; Calvo Alamillo, Enrique; Campbell, Michael; Campbell, Alan J.; Cappellini, Chiara; Carloganu, Cristina; Castro, Nuno; Castro Carballo, Maria Elena; Chadeeva, Marina; Chakraborty, Dhiman; Chang, Paoti; Charpy, Alexandre; Chen, Xun; Chen, Shaomin; Chen, Hongfang; Cheon, Byunggu; Choi, Suyong; Choudhary, B.C.; Christen, Sandra; Ciborowski, Jacek; Ciobanu, Catalin; Claus, Gilles; Clerc, Catherine; Coca, Cornelia; Colas, Paul; Colijn, Auke; Colledani, Claude; Combaret, Christophe; Cornat, Remi; Cornebise, Patrick; Corriveau, Francois; Cvach, Jaroslav; Czakon, Michal; D'Ascenzo, Nicola; Da Silva, Wilfrid; Dadoun, Olivier; Dam, Mogens; Damerell, Chris; Danilov, Mikhail; Daniluk, Witold; Daubard, Guillaume; David, Dorte; David, Jacques; De Boer, Wim; De Groot, Nicolo; De Jong, Sijbrand; De Jong, Paul; De La Taille, Christophe; De Masi, Rita; De Roeck, Albert; Decotigny, David; Dehmelt, Klaus; Delagnes, Eric; Deng, Zhi; Desch, Klaus; Dieguez, Angel; Diener, Ralf; Dima, Mihai-Octavian; Dissertori, Gunther; Dixit, Madhu S.; Dolezal, Zdenek; Dolgoshein, Boris A.; Dollan, Ralph; Dorokhov, Andrei; Doublet, Philippe; Doyle, Tony; Doziere, Guy; Dragicevic, Marko; Drasal, Zbynek; Drugakov, Vladimir; Duarte Campderros, Jordi; Dulucq, Frederic; Dumitru, Laurentiu Alexandru; Dzahini, Daniel; Eberl, Helmut; Eckerlin, Guenter; Ehrenfeld, Wolfgang; Eigen, Gerald; Eklund, Lars; Elsen, Eckhard; Elsener, Konrad; Emeliantchik, Igor; Engels, Jan; Evrard, Christophe; Fabbri, Riccardo; Faber, Gerard; Faucci Giannelli, Michele; Faus-Golfe, Angeles; Feege, Nils; Feng, Cunfeng; Ferencei, Jozef; Fernandez Garcia, Marcos; Filthaut, Frank; Fleck, Ivor; Fleischer, Manfred; Fleta, Celeste; Fleury, Julien L.; Fontaine, Jean-Charles; Foster, Brian; Fourches, Nicolas; Fouz, Mary-Cruz; Frank, Sebastian; Frey, Ariane; Frotin, Mickael; Fujii, Hirofumi; Fujii, Keisuke; Fujimoto, Junpei; Fujita, Yowichi; Fusayasu, Takahiro; Fuster, Juan; Gaddi, Andrea; Gaede, Frank; Galkin, Alexei; Galkin, Valery; Gallas, Abraham; Gallin-Martel, Laurent; Gamba, Diego; Gao, Yuanning; Garrido Beltran, Lluis; Garutti, Erika; Gastaldi, Franck; Gaur, Bakul; Gay, Pascal; Gellrich, Andreas; Genat, Jean-Francois; Gentile, Simonetta; Gerwig, Hubert; Gibbons, Lawrence; Ginina, Elena; Giraud, Julien; Giraudo, Giuseppe; Gladilin, Leonid; Goldstein, Joel; Gonzalez Sanchez, Francisco Javier; Gournaris, Filimon; Greenshaw, Tim; Greenwood, Z.D.; Grefe, Christian; Gregor, Ingrid-Maria; Grenier, Gerald Jean; Gris, Philippe; Grondin, Denis; Grunewald, Martin; Grzelak, Grzegorz; Gurtu, Atul; Haas, Tobias; Haensel, Stephan; Hajdu, Csaba; Hallermann, Lea; Han, Liang; Hansen, Peter H.; Hara, Takanori; Harder, Kristian; Hartin, Anthony; Haruyama, Tomiyoshi; Harz, Martin; Hasegawa, Yoji; Hauschild, Michael; He, Qing; Hedberg, Vincent; Hedin, David; Heinze, Isa; Helebrant, Christian; Henschel, Hans; Hensel, Carsten; Hertenberger, Ralf; Herve, Alain; Higuchi, Takeo; Himmi, Abdelkader; Hironori, Kazurayama; Hlucha, Hana; Hommels, Bart; Horii, Yasuyuki; Horvath, Dezso; Hostachy, Jean-Yves; Hou, Wei-Shu; Hu-Guo, Christine; Huang, Xingtao; Huppert, Jean Francois; Ide, Yasuhiro; Idzik, Marek; Iglesias Escudero, Carmen; Ignatenko, Alexandr; Igonkina, Olga; Ikeda, Hirokazu; Ikematsu, Katsumasa; Ikemoto, Yukiko; Ikuno, Toshinori; Imbault, Didier; Imhof, Andreas; Imhoff, Marc; Ingbir, Ronen; Inoue, Eiji

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Large-scale simulations of reionization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use cosmological simulations to explore the large-scale effects of reionization. Since reionization is a process that involves a large dynamic range--from galaxies to rare bright quasars--we need to be able to cover a significant volume of the universe in our simulation without losing the important small scale effects from galaxies. Here we have taken an approach that uses clumping factors derived from small scale simulations to approximate the radiative transfer on the sub-cell scales. Using this technique, we can cover a simulation size up to 1280h{sup -1} Mpc with 10h{sup -1} Mpc cells. This allows us to construct synthetic spectra of quasars similar to observed spectra of SDSS quasars at high redshifts and compare them to the observational data. These spectra can then be analyzed for HII region sizes, the presence of the Gunn-Peterson trough, and the Lyman-{alpha} forest.

Kohler, Katharina; /JILA, Boulder /Fermilab; Gnedin, Nickolay Y.; /Fermilab; Hamilton, Andrew J.S.; /JILA, Boulder

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Large Scale Weather Control Using Nuclear Reactors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is pointed out that controlled release of thermal energy from fission type nuclear reactors can be used to alter weather patterns over significantly large geographical regions. (1) Nuclear heat creates a low pressure region, which can be used to draw moist air from oceans, onto deserts. (2) Creation of low pressure zones over oceans using Nuclear heat can lead to Controlled Cyclone Creation (CCC).(3) Nuclear heat can also be used to melt glaciers and control water flow in rivers.

Moninder Singh Modgil

2002-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

335

Model of Large Mixing Angle MSW Solution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have obtained the neutrino mass matrix with the large mixing angle (LMA) MSW solution, $\\sin^2 2\\th_\\odot=0.65\\sim 0.97$ and $\\Delta m_{\\odot}^2= 10^{-5}\\sim 10^{-4}\\eV^2$, in the $S_{3L}\\times S_{3R}$ flavor symmetry. The structure of our neutrino mass matrix is found to be stable against radiative corrections.

Morimitsu Tanimoto

2000-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

336

Shielding and grounding in large detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Prevention of electromagnetic interference (EMI), or ``noise pickup,`` is an important design aspect in large detectors in accelerator environments. Shielding effectiveness as a function of shield thickness and conductivity vs the type and frequency of the interference field is described. Noise induced in transmission lines by ground loop driven currents in the shield is evaluated and the importance of low shield resistance is emphasized. Some measures for prevention of ground loops and isolation of detector-readout systems are discussed.

Radeka, V.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Large Scale Weather Control Using Nuclear Reactors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is pointed out that controlled release of thermal energy from fission type nuclear reactors can be used to alter weather patterns over significantly large geographical regions. (1) Nuclear heat creates a low pressure region, which can be used to draw moist air from oceans, onto deserts. (2) Creation of low pressure zones over oceans using Nuclear heat can lead to Controlled Cyclone Creation (CCC).(3) Nuclear heat can also be used to melt glaciers and control water flow in rivers.

Singh-Modgil, M

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Large Bore Powder Gun Qualification (U)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Large Bore Powder Gun (LBPG) is being designed to enable experimentalists to characterize material behavior outside the capabilities of the NNSS JASPER and LANL TA-55 PF-4 guns. The combination of these three guns will create a capability to conduct impact experiments over a wide range of pressures and shock profiles. The Large Bore Powder Gun will be fielded at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) U1a Complex. The Complex is nearly 1000 ft below ground with dedicated drifts for testing, instrumentation, and post-shot entombment. To ensure the reliability, safety, and performance of the LBPG, a qualification plan has been established and documented here. Requirements for the LBPG have been established and documented in WE-14-TR-0065 U A, Large Bore Powder Gun Customer Requirements. The document includes the requirements for the physics experiments, the gun and confinement systems, and operations at NNSS. A detailed description of the requirements is established in that document and is referred to and quoted throughout this document. Two Gun and Confinement Systems will be fielded. The Prototype Gun will be used primarily to characterize the gun and confinement performance and be the primary platform for qualification actions. This gun will also be used to investigate and qualify target and diagnostic modifications through the life of the program (U1a.104 Drift). An identical gun, the Physics Gun, will be fielded for confirmatory and Pu experiments (U1a.102D Drift). Both guns will be qualified for operation. The Gun and Confinement System design will be qualified through analysis, inspection, and testing using the Prototype Gun for the majority of process. The Physics Gun will be qualified through inspection and a limited number of qualification tests to ensure performance and behavior equivalent to the Prototype gun. Figure 1.1 shows the partial configuration of U1a and the locations of the Prototype and Physics Gun/Confinement Systems.

Rabern, Donald A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Valdiviez, Robert [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

339

Large-Scale PV Integration Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research effort evaluates the impact of large-scale photovoltaic (PV) and distributed generation (DG) output on NV Energy’s electric grid system in southern Nevada. It analyzes the ability of NV Energy’s generation to accommodate increasing amounts of utility-scale PV and DG, and the resulting cost of integrating variable renewable resources. The study was jointly funded by the United States Department of Energy and NV Energy, and conducted by a project team comprised of industry experts and research scientists from Navigant Consulting Inc., Sandia National Laboratories, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and NV Energy.

Lu, Shuai; Etingov, Pavel V.; Diao, Ruisheng; Ma, Jian; Samaan, Nader A.; Makarov, Yuri V.; Guo, Xinxin; Hafen, Ryan P.; Jin, Chunlian; Kirkham, Harold; Shlatz, Eugene; Frantzis, Lisa; McClive, Timothy; Karlson, Gregory; Acharya, Dhruv; Ellis, Abraham; Stein, Joshua; Hansen, Clifford; Chadliev, Vladimir; Smart, Michael; Salgo, Richard; Sorensen, Rahn; Allen, Barbara; Idelchik, Boris

2011-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

340

The Large Hadron Electron Collider Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Conceptual Design Report (CDR) for the Large Hadron Electron Collider, the LHeC, is being prepared, to which an introduction was given for the plenary panel discussion on the future of deep inelastic scattering held at DIS09. This is briefly summarised here. The CDR will comprise designs of the ep/eA collider, based on ring and linear electron accelerators, of the interaction region, designed for simultaneous $ep$ and $pp$ operation, of a new, modular detector, and it will present basics on the physics motivation for a high luminous Tera scale electron-nucleon collider as a complement to the LHC.

Max Klein

2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Method for large and rapid terahertz imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of large-scale active THz imaging using a combination of a compact high power THz source (>1 watt), an optional optical system, and a camera for the detection of reflected or transmitted THz radiation, without the need for the burdensome power source or detector cooling systems required by similar prior art such devices. With such a system, one is able to image, for example, a whole person in seconds or less, whereas at present, using low power sources and scanning techniques, it takes several minutes or even hours to image even a 1 cm.times.1 cm area of skin.

Williams, Gwyn P.; Neil, George R.

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

342

The Cherenkov Telescope Array Large Size Telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The two arrays of the Very High Energy gamma-ray observatory Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) will include four Large Size Telescopes (LSTs) each with a 23 m diameter dish and 28 m focal distance. These telescopes will enable CTA to achieve a low-energy threshold of 20 GeV, which is critical for important studies in astrophysics, astroparticle physics and cosmology. This work presents the key specifications and performance of the current LST design in the light of the CTA scientific objectives.

Ambrosi, G; Baba, H; Bamba, A; Barceló, M; de Almeida, U Barres; Barrio, J A; Bigas, O Blanch; Boix, J; Brunetti, L; Carmona, E; Chabanne, E; Chikawa, M; Colin, P; Conteras, J L; Cortina, J; Dazzi, F; Deangelis, A; Deleglise, G; Delgado, C; Díaz, C; Dubois, F; Fiasson, A; Fink, D; Fouque, N; Freixas, L; Fruck, C; Gadola, A; García, R; Gascon, D; Geffroy, N; Giglietto, N; Giordano, F; Grañena, F; Gunji, S; Hagiwara, R; Hamer, N; Hanabata, Y; Hassan, T; Hatanaka, K; Haubold, T; Hayashida, M; Hermel, R; Herranz, D; Hirotani, K; Inoue, S; Inoue, Y; Ioka, K; Jablonski, C; Kagaya, M; Katagiri, H; Kishimoto, T; Kodani, K; Kohri, K; Konno, Y; Koyama, S; Kubo, H; Kushida, J; Lamanna, G; Flour, T Le; López-Moya, M; López, R; Lorenz, E; Majumdar, P; Manalaysay, A; Mariotti, M; Martínez, G; Martínez, M; Mazin, D; Miranda, J M; Mirzoyan, R; Monteiro, I; Moralejo, A; Murase, K; Nagataki, S; Nakajima, D; Nakamori, T; Nishijima, K; Noda, K; Nozato, A; Ohira, Y; Ohishi, M; Ohoka, H; Okumura, A; Orito, R; Panazol, J L; Paneque, D; Paoletti, R; Paredes, J M; Pauletta, G; Podkladkin, S; Prast, J; Rando, R; Reimann, O; Ribó, M; Rosier-Lees, S; Saito, K; Saito, T; Saito, Y; Sakaki, N; Sakonaka, R; Sanuy, A; Sasaki, H; Sawada, M; Scalzotto, V; Schultz, S; Schweizer, T; Shibata, T; Shu, S; Sieiro, J; Stamatescu, V; Steiner, S; Straumann, U; Sugawara, R; Tajima, H; Takami, H; Tanaka, S; Tanaka, M; Tejedor, L A; Terada, Y; Teshima, M; Totani, T; Ueno, H; Umehara, K; Vollhardt, A; Wagner, R; Wetteskind, H; Yamamoto, T; Yamazaki, R; Yoshida, A; Yoshida, T; Yoshikoshi, T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

LargeLabMap2_Forrestal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 CERN 73-11Large areaLargefor HighDepartmentDOE

344

Penn Large Water Tunnel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrange County isParadise,Large Water Tunnel Overseeing

345

Autonomie Large Scale Deployment | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTie Ltd: Scope ChangeL-01-06 AuditAugust 5,ReDevelopments |1 DOE0Large

346

Development of Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy Density Development of Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy Density 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

347

Sandia National Laboratories: Offshore Wind RD&D: Large Offshore...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Offshore Rotor Development Offshore Wind RD&D: Large Offshore Rotor Development Overview Sandia National Laboratories Wind Energy Technologies Department, creates and...

348

Large-dimension, high-ZT Thermoelectric Nanocomposites for High...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Large-dimension, high-ZT Thermoelectric Nanocomposites for High-Power High-efficiency Waste Heat Recovery for Electricity Generation Large-dimension, high-ZT Thermoelectric...

349

Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

& Publications Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format, Li-ion Batteries Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format, Li-ion Batteries...

350

Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format, Li-ion Batteries Multifunctional, Inorganic-Filled Separators for Large Format, Li-ion Batteries 2012 DOE Hydrogen...

351

Materials Science and Materials Chemistry for Large Scale Electrochemi...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science and Materials Chemistry for Large Scale Electrochemical Energy Storage: From Transportation to Electrical Grid Materials Science and Materials Chemistry for Large Scale...

352

Hybrid Parallelism for Volume Rendering at Large Scale at NERSC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Volume Rendering at Large Scale Hybrid Parallelism for Volume Rendering at Large Scale volrend-swes.png We studied the performance and scalability characteristics of hybrid''...

353

The International Large Detector: Letter of Intent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The International Large Detector (ILD) is a concept for a detector at the International Linear Collider, ILC. The ILC will collide electrons and positrons at energies of initially 500 GeV, upgradeable to 1 TeV. The ILC has an ambitious physics program, which will extend and complement that of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). A hallmark of physics at the ILC is precision. The clean initial state and the comparatively benign environment of a lepton collider are ideally suited to high precision measurements. To take full advantage of the physics potential of ILC places great demands on the detector performance. The design of ILD is driven by these requirements. Excellent calorimetry and tracking are combined to obtain the best possible overall event reconstruction, including the capability to reconstruct individual particles within jets for particle ow calorimetry. This requires excellent spatial resolution for all detector systems. A highly granular calorimeter system is combined with a central tracker which stresses redundancy and efficiency. In addition, efficient reconstruction of secondary vertices and excellent momentum resolution for charged particles are essential for an ILC detector. The interaction region of the ILC is designed to host two detectors, which can be moved into the beam position with a push-pull scheme. The mechanical design of ILD and the overall integration of subdetectors takes these operational conditions into account.

The ILD Concept Group

2010-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

354

Cryogenics for the Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), a 26.7 km circumference superconducting accelerator equipped with high-field magnets operating in superfluid helium below 1.9 K, has now fully entered construction at CERN, the European Laboratory for Particle Physics. The heart of the LHC cryogenic system is the quasi-isothermal magnet cooling scheme, in which flowing two-phase saturated superfluid helium removes the heat load from the 36'000 ton cold mass, immersed in some 400 m3 static pressurised superfluid helium. The LHC also makes use of supercritical helium for non-isothermal cooling of the beam screens which intercept most of the dynamic heat loads at higher temperature. Although not used in normal operation, liquid nitrogen will provide the source of refrigeration for precooling the machine. Refrigeration for the LHC is produced in eight large refrigerators, each with an equivalent capacity of about 18 kW at 4.5 K, completed by 1.8 K refrigeration units making use of several stages of hydrodynamic cold compressors. T...

Lebrun, P

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Cryogenics for the Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), a 26.7 km circumference superconducting accelerator equipped with high-field magnets operating in superfluid helium below 1.9 K, has now fully entered construction at CERN, the European Laboratory for Particle Physics. The heart of the LHC cryogenic system is the quasi-isothermal magnet cooling scheme, in which flowing two-phase saturated superfluid helium removes the heat load from the 36000 ton cold mass, immersed in some 400 m/sup 3/ static pressurised superfluid helium. The LHC also makes use of supercritical helium for nonisothermal cooling of the beam screens which intercept most of the dynamic heat loads at higher temperature. Although not used in normal operation, liquid nitrogen will provide the source of refrigeration for precooling the machine. Refrigeration for the LHC is produced in eight large refrigerators, each with an equivalent capacity of about 18 kW at 4.5 K, completed by 1.8 K refrigeration units making use of several stages of hydrodynamic cold compressor...

Lebrun, P

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Large-scale Intelligent Transporation Systems simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A prototype computer system has been developed which defines a high-level architecture for a large-scale, comprehensive, scalable simulation of an Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) capable of running on massively parallel computers and distributed (networked) computer systems. The prototype includes the modelling of instrumented ``smart`` vehicles with in-vehicle navigation units capable of optimal route planning and Traffic Management Centers (TMC). The TMC has probe vehicle tracking capabilities (display position and attributes of instrumented vehicles), and can provide 2-way interaction with traffic to provide advisories and link times. Both the in-vehicle navigation module and the TMC feature detailed graphical user interfaces to support human-factors studies. The prototype has been developed on a distributed system of networked UNIX computers but is designed to run on ANL`s IBM SP-X parallel computer system for large scale problems. A novel feature of our design is that vehicles will be represented by autonomus computer processes, each with a behavior model which performs independent route selection and reacts to external traffic events much like real vehicles. With this approach, one will be able to take advantage of emerging massively parallel processor (MPP) systems.

Ewing, T.; Canfield, T.; Hannebutte, U.; Levine, D.; Tentner, A.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

The Large Underground Xenon (LUX) Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Large Underground Xenon (LUX) collaboration has designed and constructed a dual-phase xenon detector, in order to conduct a search for Weakly Interacting Massive Particles(WIMPs), a leading dark matter candidate. The goal of the LUX detector is to clearly detect (or exclude) WIMPS with a spin independent cross section per nucleon of $2\\times 10^{-46}$ cm$^{2}$, equivalent to $\\sim$1 event/100 kg/month in the inner 100-kg fiducial volume (FV) of the 370-kg detector. The overall background goals are set to have $<$1 background events characterized as possible WIMPs in the FV in 300 days of running. This paper describes the design and construction of the LUX detector.

Akerib, D S; Bedikian, S; Bernard, E; Bernstein, A; Bolozdynya, A; Bradley, A; Byram, D; Cahn, S B; Camp, C; Carmona-Benitez, M C; Carr, D; Chapman, J J; Chiller, A; Chiller, C; Clark, K; Classen, T; Coffey, T; Curioni, A; Dahl, E; Dazeley, S; de Viveiros, L; Dobi, A; Dragowsky, E; Druszkiewicz, E; Edwards, B; Faham, C H; Fiorucci, S; Gaitskell, R J; Gibson, K R; Gilchriese, M; Hall, C; Hanhardt, M; Holbrook, B; Ihm, M; Jacobsen, R G; Kastens, L; Kazkaz, K; Knoche, R; Kyre, S; Kwong, J; Lander, R; Larsen, N A; Lee, C; Leonard, D S; Lesko, K T; Lindote, A; Lopes, M I; Lyashenko, A; Malling, D C; Mannino, R; Marquez, Z; McKinsey, D N; Mei, D -M; Mock, J; Moongweluwan, M; Morii, M; Nelson, H; Neves, F; Nikkel, J A; Pangilinan, M; Parker, P D; Pease, E K; Pech, K; Phelps, P; Rodionov, A; Roberts, P; Shei, A; Shutt, T; Silva, C; Skulski, W; Solovov, V N; Sofka, C J; Sorensen, P; Spaans, J; Stiegler, T; Stolp, D; Svoboda, R; Sweany, M; Szydagis, M; Taylor, D; Thomson, J; Tripathi, M; Uvarov, S; Verbus, J R; Walsh, N; Webb, R; White, D; White, J T; Whitis, T J; Wlasenko, M; Wolfs, F L H; Woods, M; Zhang, C

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Equilibrium Reconstruction on the Large Helical Device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Equilibrium reconstruction is commonly applied to axisymmetric toroidal devices. Recent advances in computational power and equilibrium codes have allowed for reconstructions of three-dimensional fields in stellarators and heliotrons. We present the first reconstructions of finite beta discharges in the Large Helical Device (LHD). The plasma boundary and magnetic axis are constrained by the pressure profile from Thomson scattering. This results in a calculation of plasma beta without a-priori assumptions of the equipartition of energy between species. Saddle loop arrays place additional constraints on the equilibrium. These reconstruction utilize STELLOPT, which calls VMEC. The VMEC equilibrium code assumes good nested flux surfaces. Reconstructed magnetic fields are fed into the PIES code which relaxes this constraint allowing for the examination of the effect of islands and stochastic regions on the magnetic measurements.

Samuel A. Lazerson, D. Gates, D. Monticello, H. Neilson, N. Pomphrey, A. Reiman S. Sakakibara, and Y. Suzuki

2012-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

359

System for inspecting large size structural components  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to a system for inspecting large scale structural components such as concrete walls or the like. The system includes a mobile gamma radiation source and a mobile gamma radiation detector. The source and detector are constructed and arranged for simultaneous movement along parallel paths in alignment with one another on opposite sides of a structural component being inspected. A control system provides signals which coordinate the movements of the source and detector and receives and records the radiation level data developed by the detector as a function of source and detector positions. The radiation level data is then analyzed to identify areas containing defects corresponding to unexpected variations in the radiation levels detected.

Birks, Albert S. (Columbus, OH); Skorpik, James R. (Kennewick, WA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Ionized Hydrogen at Large Galactocentric Distances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We summarize recent attempts to detect warm ionized gas at large galactocentric distances. This includes searching for gas at the edges of spirals, in between cluster galaxies, towards extragalactic HI clouds, and towards high velocity clouds and the Magellanic Stream in the Galaxy. With the exception of extragalactic HI clouds, all of these experiments have proved successful. Within each class, we have only observed a handful of objects. It is premature to assess what fraction of the missing baryonic mass fraction might be in the form of ionized gas. But, in most cases, the detections provide a useful constraint on the ambient ionizing flux, and in the case of spiral edges, can even trace dark matter haloes out to radii beyond the reach of radio telescopes.

J. Bland-Hawthorn

1997-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Meteorological aspects of siting large wind turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report, which focuses on the meteorological aspects of siting large wind turbines (turbines with a rated output exceeding 100 kW), has four main goals. The first is to outline the elements of a siting strategy that will identify the most favorable wind energy sites in a region and that will provide sufficient wind data to make responsible economic evaluations of the site wind resource possible. The second is to critique and summarize siting techniques that were studied in the Department of Energy (DOE) Wind Energy Program. The third goal is to educate utility technical personnel, engineering consultants, and meteorological consultants (who may have not yet undertaken wind energy consulting) on meteorological phenomena relevant to wind turbine siting in order to enhance dialogues between these groups. The fourth goal is to minimize the chances of failure of early siting programs due to insufficient understanding of wind behavior.

Hiester, T.R.; Pennell, W.T.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

The Large Underground Xenon (LUX) Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Large Underground Xenon (LUX) collaboration has designed and constructed a dual-phase xenon detector, in order to conduct a search for Weakly Interacting Massive Particles(WIMPs), a leading dark matter candidate. The goal of the LUX detector is to clearly detect (or exclude) WIMPS with a spin independent cross section per nucleon of $2\\times 10^{-46}$ cm$^{2}$, equivalent to $\\sim$1 event/100 kg/month in the inner 100-kg fiducial volume (FV) of the 370-kg detector. The overall background goals are set to have $<$1 background events characterized as possible WIMPs in the FV in 300 days of running. This paper describes the design and construction of the LUX detector.

D. S. Akerib; X. Bai; S. Bedikian; E. Bernard; A. Bernstein; A. Bolozdynya; A. Bradley; D. Byram; S. B. Cahn; C. Camp; M. C. Carmona-Benitez; D. Carr; J. J. Chapman; A. Chiller; C. Chiller; K. Clark; T. Classen; T. Coffey; A. Curioni; E. Dahl; S. Dazeley; L. de Viveiros; A. Dobi; E. Dragowsky; E. Druszkiewicz; B. Edwards; C. H. Faham; S. Fiorucci; R. J. Gaitskell; K. R. Gibson; M. Gilchriese; C. Hall; M. Hanhardt; B. Holbrook; M. Ihm; R. G. Jacobsen; L. Kastens; K. Kazkaz; R. Knoche; S. Kyre; J. Kwong; R. Lander; N. A. Larsen; C. Lee; D. S. Leonard; K. T. Lesko; A. Lindote; M. I. Lopes; A. Lyashenko; D. C. Malling; R. Mannino; Z. Marquez; D. N. McKinsey; D. -M. Mei; J. Mock; M. Moongweluwan; M. Morii; H. Nelson; F. Neves; J. A. Nikkel; M. Pangilinan; P. D. Parker; E. K. Pease; K. Pech; P. Phelps; A. Rodionov; P. Roberts; A. Shei; T. Shutt; C. Silva; W. Skulski; V. N. Solovov; C. J. Sofka; P. Sorensen; J. Spaans; T. Stiegler; D. Stolp; R. Svoboda; M. Sweany; M. Szydagis; D. Taylor; J. Thomson; M. Tripathi; S. Uvarov; J. R. Verbus; N. Walsh; R. Webb; D. White; J. T. White; T. J. Whitis; M. Wlasenko; F. L. H. Wolfs; M. Woods; C. Zhang

2012-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

363

Turbulence attenuation by large neutrally buoyant particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Turbulence modulation by inertial-range-size, neutrally-buoyant particles is investigated experimentally in a von K\\'arm\\'an flow. Increasing the particle volume fraction $\\Phi_\\mathrm{v}$, maintaining constant impellers Reynolds number attenuates the fluid turbulence. The inertial-range energy transfer rate decreases as $\\propto\\Phi_\\mathrm{v}^{2/3}$, suggesting that only particles located on a surface affect the flow. Small-scale turbulent properties, such as structure functions or acceleration distribution, are unchanged. Finally, measurements hint at the existence of a transition between two different regimes occurring when the average distance between large particles is of the order of the thickness of their boundary layers.

Cisse, Mamadou; Gibert, Mathieu; Bodenschatz, Eberhard; Bec, Jeremie

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Subcritical String and Large N QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We pursue the possibility of using subcritical string theory in 4 space-time dimensions to establish a string dual for large N QCD. In particular we study the even G-parity sector of the 4 dimensional Neveu-Schwarz dual resonance model as the natural candidate for this string theory. Our point of view is that the open string dynamics given by this model will {\\it determine} the appropriate subcritical closed string theory, a tree level background of which should describe the sum of planar multi-loop open string diagrams. We examine the one loop open string diagram, which contains information about the closed string spectrum at weak coupling. Higher loop open string diagrams will be needed to determine closed string interactions. We also analyze the field theory limit of the one loop open string diagram and recover the correct running coupling behavior of the limiting gauge theory.

Charles B. Thorn

2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

365

Subcritical string and large N QCD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We pursue the possibility of using subcritical string theory in 4 spacetime dimensions to establish a string dual for large N QCD. In particular we study the even G-parity sector of the 4 dimensional Neveu-Schwarz dual resonance model as the natural candidate for this string theory. Our point of view is that the open string dynamics given by this model will determine the appropriate subcritical closed string theory, a tree level background of which should describe the sum of planar multiloop open string diagrams. We examine the one-loop open string diagram, which contains information about the closed string spectrum at weak coupling. Higher loop open string diagrams will be needed to determine closed string interactions. We also analyze the field theory limit of the one-loop open string diagram and recover the correct running coupling behavior of the limiting gauge theory.

Thorn, Charles B. [Institute for Fundamental Theory, Department of Physics, University of Florida, Gainesville Florida 32611 (United States)

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

366

Storage and retrieval of large digital images  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Image compression and viewing are implemented with (1) a method for performing DWT-based compression on a large digital image with a computer system possessing a two-level system of memory and (2) a method for selectively viewing areas of the image from its compressed representation at multiple resolutions and, if desired, in a client-server environment. The compression of a large digital image I(x,y) is accomplished by first defining a plurality of discrete tile image data subsets T.sub.ij (x,y) that, upon superposition, form the complete set of image data I(x,y). A seamless wavelet-based compression process is effected on I(x,y) that is comprised of successively inputting the tiles T.sub.ij (x,y) in a selected sequence to a DWT routine, and storing the resulting DWT coefficients in a first primary memory. These coefficients are periodically compressed and transferred to a secondary memory to maintain sufficient memory in the primary memory for data processing. The sequence of DWT operations on the tiles T.sub.ij (x,y) effectively calculates a seamless DWT of I(x,y). Data retrieval consists of specifying a resolution and a region of I(x,y) for display. The subset of stored DWT coefficients corresponding to each requested scene is determined and then decompressed for input to an inverse DWT, the output of which forms the image display. The repeated process whereby image views are specified may take the form an interaction with a computer pointing device on an image display from a previous retrieval.

Bradley, Jonathan N. (Los Alamos, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Storage and retrieval of large digital images  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Image compression and viewing are implemented with (1) a method for performing DWT-based compression on a large digital image with a computer system possessing a two-level system of memory and (2) a method for selectively viewing areas of the image from its compressed representation at multiple resolutions and, if desired, in a client-server environment. The compression of a large digital image I(x,y) is accomplished by first defining a plurality of discrete tile image data subsets T{sub ij}(x,y) that, upon superposition, form the complete set of image data I(x,y). A seamless wavelet-based compression process is effected on I(x,y) that is comprised of successively inputting the tiles T{sub ij}(x,y) in a selected sequence to a DWT routine, and storing the resulting DWT coefficients in a first primary memory. These coefficients are periodically compressed and transferred to a secondary memory to maintain sufficient memory in the primary memory for data processing. The sequence of DWT operations on the tiles T{sub ij}(x,y) effectively calculates a seamless DWT of I(x,y). Data retrieval consists of specifying a resolution and a region of I(x,y) for display. The subset of stored DWT coefficients corresponding to each requested scene is determined and then decompressed for input to an inverse DWT, the output of which forms the image display. The repeated process whereby image views are specified may take the form an interaction with a computer pointing device on an image display from a previous retrieval. 6 figs.

Bradley, J.N.

1998-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

368

CHEMICAL EVOLUTION OF THE LARGE MAGELLANIC CLOUD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We adopt a new chemical evolution model for the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) and thereby investigate its past star formation and chemical enrichment histories. The delay time distribution of Type Ia supernovae recently revealed by Type Ia supernova surveys is incorporated self-consistently into the new model. The principle results are summarized as follows. The present gas mass fraction and stellar metallicity as well as the higher [Ba/Fe] in metal-poor stars at [Fe/H] < -1.5 can be more self-consistently explained by models with steeper initial mass functions. The observed higher [Mg/Fe] ({>=}0.3) at [Fe/H] {approx} -0.6 and higher [Ba/Fe] (>0.5) at [Fe/H] {approx} -0.3 could be due to significantly enhanced star formation about 2 Gyr ago. The observed overall [Ca/Fe]-[Fe/H] relation and remarkably low [Ca/Fe] (< - 0.2) at [Fe/H] > -0.6 are consistent with models with short-delay supernova Ia and with the more efficient loss of Ca possibly caused by an explosion mechanism of Type II supernovae. Although the metallicity distribution functions do not show double peaks in the models with a starburst about 2 Gyr ago, they show characteristic double peaks in the models with double starbursts {approx}200 Myr and {approx}2 Gyr ago. The observed apparent dip of [Fe/H] around {approx}1.5 Gyr ago in the age-metallicity relation can be reproduced by models in which a large amount ({approx}10{sup 9} M{sub Sun }) of metal-poor ([Fe/H] < -1) gas can be accreted onto the LMC.

Bekki, Kenji [ICRAR, M468, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley Western Australia 6009 (Australia); Tsujimoto, Takuji [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

369

National Grid (Electric)- Large Commercial Energy Efficiency Incentive Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

National Grid offers electric energy efficiency programs for large commercial and industrial customers.

370

Soft Failures in Large Datacenters Sriram Sankar and Sudhanva Gurumurthi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Soft Failures in Large Datacenters Sriram Sankar and Sudhanva Gurumurthi Abstract-- A major problem in managing large-scale datacenters is diagnosing and fixing machine failures. Most large datacenter an important issue at large datacenters with minimum human intervention. Soft failures in the datacenter do

Gurumurthi, Sudhanva

371

1 National Roadmap Committee for Large-Scale Research Facilities the netherlands' roadmap for large-scale research facilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;1 National Roadmap Committee for Large-Scale Research Facilities the netherlands' roadmap for large-scale research facilities #12;2 National Roadmap Committee for Large-Scale Research Facilities1 by Roselinde Supheert) #12;3 National Roadmap Committee for Large-Scale Research Facilities The Netherlands

Horn, David

372

Superconducting materials for large scale applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant improvements in the properties ofsuperconducting materials have occurred recently. These improvements arebeing incorporated into the latest generation of wires, cables, and tapesthat are being used in a broad range of prototype devices. These devicesinclude new, high field accelerator and NMR magnets, magnets for fusionpower experiments, motors, generators, and power transmission lines.These prototype magnets are joining a wide array of existing applicationsthat utilize the unique capabilities of superconducting magnets:accelerators such as the Large Hadron Collider, fusion experiments suchas ITER, 930 MHz NMR, and 4 Tesla MRI. In addition, promising newmaterials such as MgB2 have been discovered and are being studied inorder to assess their potential for new applications. In this paper, wewill review the key developments that are leading to these newapplications for superconducting materials. In some cases, the key factoris improved understanding or development of materials with significantlyimproved properties. An example of the former is the development of Nb3Snfor use in high field magnets for accelerators. In other cases, thedevelopment is being driven by the application. The aggressive effort todevelop HTS tapes is being driven primarily by the need for materialsthat can operate at temperatures of 50 K and higher. The implications ofthese two drivers for further developments will be discussed. Finally, wewill discuss the areas where further improvements are needed in order fornew applications to be realized.

Scanlan, Ronald M.; Malozemoff, Alexis P.; Larbalestier, David C.

2004-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

373

Multiphoton ionization of large water clusters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water clusters are multimers of water molecules held together by hydrogen bonds. In the present work, multiphoton ionization in the UV range coupled with time of flight mass spectrometry has been applied to water clusters with up to 160 molecules in order to obtain information on the electronic states of clusters of different sizes up to dimensions that can approximate the bulk phase. The dependence of ion intensities of water clusters and their metastable fragments produced by laser ionization at 355 nm on laser power density indicates a (3+1)-photon resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization process. It also explains the large increase of ionization efficiency at 355 nm compared to that at 266 nm. Indeed, it was found, by applying both nanosecond and picosecond laser ionization with the two different UV wavelengths, that no water cluster sequences after n = 9 could be observed at 266 nm, whereas water clusters up to m/z 2000 Th in reflectron mode and m/z 3000 Th in linear mode were detected at 355 nm. The agreement between our findings on clusters of water, especially true in the range with n > 10, and reported data for liquid water supports the hypothesis that clusters above a critical dimension can approximate the liquid phase. It should thus be possible to study clusters just above 10 water molecules, for getting information on the bulk phase structure.

Apicella, B., E-mail: apicella@irc.cnr.it [Combustion Research Institute, IRC–C.N.R., P.le Tecchio 80, 80125 Napoli (Italy); Li, X. [Key Laboratory of Power Machinery and Engineering, Ministry of Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Passaro, M. [CNISM and Chemical Engineering, Materials and Industrial Production Department, University of Naples “Federico II,” P.le Tecchio 80, 80125 Napoli (Italy); Spinelli, N. [CNISM and Physics Department, University of Naples “Federico II,” Via Cintia, 80124 Napoli (Italy); Wang, X. [SPIN–C.N.R., Via Cintia, 80124 Napoli (Italy)

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

374

Fermi Large Area Telescope Third Source Catalog  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the third Fermi Large Area Telescope source catalog (3FGL) of sources in the 100~MeV--300~GeV range. Based on the first four years of science data from the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope mission, it is the deepest yet in this energy range. Relative to the 2FGL catalog, the 3FGL catalog incorporates twice as much data as well as a number of analysis improvements, including improved calibrations at the event reconstruction level, an updated model for Galactic diffuse gamma-ray emission, a refined procedure for source detection, and improved methods for associating LAT sources with potential counterparts at other wavelengths. The 3FGL catalog includes 3033 sources above 4 sigma significance, with source location regions, spectral properties, and monthly light curves for each. Of these, 78 are flagged as potentially being due to imperfections in the model for Galactic diffuse emission. Twenty-five sources are modeled explicitly as spatially extended, and overall 232 sources are considered as identifie...

,

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Theoretical Tools for Large Scale Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the main theoretical aspects of the structure formation paradigm which impinge upon wide angle surveys: the early universe generation of gravitational metric fluctuations from quantum noise in scalar inflaton fields; the well understood and computed linear regime of CMB anisotropy and large scale structure (LSS) generation; the weakly nonlinear regime, where higher order perturbation theory works well, and where the cosmic web picture operates, describing an interconnected LSS of clusters bridged by filaments, with membranes as the intrafilament webbing. Current CMB+LSS data favour the simplest inflation-based $\\Lambda$CDM models, with a primordial spectral index within about 5% of scale invariant and $\\Omega_\\Lambda \\approx 2/3$, similar to that inferred from SNIa observations, and with open CDM models strongly disfavoured. The attack on the nonlinear regime with a variety of N-body and gas codes is described, as are the excursion set and peak-patch semianalytic approaches to object collapse. The ingredients are mixed together in an illustrative gasdynamical simulation of dense supercluster formation.

J. R. Bond; L. Kofman; D. Pogosyan; J. Wadsley

1998-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

376

Large area atmospheric-pressure plasma jet  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Large area atmospheric-pressure plasma jet. A plasma discharge that can be operated at atmospheric pressure and near room temperature using 13.56 MHz rf power is described. Unlike plasma torches, the discharge produces a gas-phase effluent no hotter than 250.degree. C. at an applied power of about 300 W, and shows distinct non-thermal characteristics. In the simplest design, two planar, parallel electrodes are employed to generate a plasma in the volume therebetween. A "jet" of long-lived metastable and reactive species that are capable of rapidly cleaning or etching metals and other materials is generated which extends up to 8 in. beyond the open end of the electrodes. Films and coatings may also be removed by these species. Arcing is prevented in the apparatus by using gas mixtures containing He, which limits ionization, by using high flow velocities, and by properly spacing the rf-powered electrode. Because of the atmospheric pressure operation, there is a negligible density of ions surviving for a sufficiently long distance beyond the active plasma discharge to bombard a workpiece, unlike the situation for low-pressure plasma sources and conventional plasma processing methods.

Selwyn, Gary S. (Los Alamos, NM); Henins, Ivars (Los Alamos, NM); Babayan, Steve E. (Huntington Beach, CA); Hicks, Robert F. (Los Angeles, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Viewing Systems for Large Underground Storage Tanks.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Specialized remote video systems have been successfully developed and deployed in a number of large radiological Underground Storage Tanks (USTs)that tolerate the hostile tank interior, while providing high resolution video to a remotely located operator. The deployment is through 100 mm (4 in) tank openings, while incorporating full video functions of the camera, lights, and zoom lens. The usage of remote video minimizes the potential for personnel exposure to radiological and hazardous conditions, and maximizes the quality of the visual data used to assess the interior conditions of both tank and contents. The robustness of this type of remote system has a direct effect on the potential for radiological exposure that personnel may encounter. The USTs typical of the Savannah River and Hanford Department Of Energy - (DOE) sites are typically 4.5 million liter (1.2 million gal) units under earth. or concrete overburden with limited openings to the surface. The interior is both highly contaminated and radioactive with a wide variety of nuclear processing waste material. Some of the tanks are -flammable rated -to Class 1, Division 1,and personnel presence at or near the openings should be minimized. The interior of these USTs must be assessed periodically as part of the ongoing management of the tanks and as a step towards tank remediation. The systems are unique in their deployment technology, which virtually eliminates the potential for entrapment in a tank, and their ability to withstand flammable environments. A multiplicity of components used within a common packaging allow for cost effective and appropriate levels of technology, with radiation hardened components on some units and lesser requirements on other units. All units are completely self contained for video, zoom lens, lighting, deployment,as well as being self purging, and modular in construction.

Heckendorn, F.M., Robinson, C.W., Anderson, E.K. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States)], Pardini, A.F. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

378

FEMP Helps Federal Facilities Develop Large-Scale Renewable Energy...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

FEMP Helps Federal Facilities Develop Large-Scale Renewable Energy Projects FEMP Helps Federal Facilities Develop Large-Scale Renewable Energy Projects August 21, 2013 - 12:00am...

379

Development of Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy Density Exceeding 500WhL Development of Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy Density Exceeding 500WhL 2012 DOE...

380

Economic and Performance Benefits Resulting From the Use of Large...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Benefits Resulting From the Use of Large Diameter Fans on Air Cooled Heat Exchangers (A Case Study in the Use of Large Fan Air Cooled Condensers at the Neal Hot Springs Geothermal...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

New Hampshire Electric Co-Op- Large Business Energy Solutions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

New Hampshire Electric Co-Op offers incentives for its large business customers (using 100 kW or more) to increase the energy efficiency of facilities through the Large Business Energy Solutions...

382

Sustainability of Large Deployment of Photovoltaics: Environmental & Grid Integration Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Sustainability of Large Deployment of Photovoltaics: Environmental & Grid Integration Research Sustainability of Large Deployment of Photovoltaics: Environmental & Grid Integration Research www Photovoltaics Environmental Research Center Brookhaven National Laboratory #12;2 Source: PV Market Outlook

Ohta, Shigemi

383

Complexity cost analysis in a large product line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hewlett-Packard's Industry Standard Servers (ISS) organization offers a large variety of server computers and accessories. The large range of options available to its customers gives way to complex processes and less than ...

Landivar Chávez, José Luis

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Solving the corner-turning problem for large interferometers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The so-called corner-turning problem is a major bottleneck for radio telescopes with large numbers of antennas. The problem is essentially that of rapidly transposing a matrix that is too large to store on one single device; ...

Lutomirski, Andrew

385

A METHOD OF SIMULTANEOUSLY TAGGING LARGE OCEANIC FISH AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-range sportfishing boats, which fre- quently capture large tuna but lack gear to han- dle live fish on deck

386

ACCELERATORS: ENGINES FOR TRAVERSING A LARGE AND OFTEN DIFFICULT LANDSCAPE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California. ACCELERATORS: ENGINES FOR TRAVERSING A LARGE ANDthat go with them, are from: “Engines of Discovery: Particle

Sessler, Andrew M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Covariance Tapering for Interpolation of Large Spatial Datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Covariance Tapering for Interpolation of Large Spatial Datasets Reinhard FURRER, Marc G. GENTON results. An application to a large climatological precipitation dataset is presented as a concrete-based methods make it possible to analyze and fit large spatial datasets in a high level Reinhard Furrer

Genton, Marc G.

388

Synchronization of coupled large-scale Boolean networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates the complete synchronization and partial synchronization of two large-scale Boolean networks. First, the aggregation algorithm towards large-scale Boolean network is reviewed. Second, the aggregation algorithm is applied to study the complete synchronization and partial synchronization of large-scale Boolean networks. Finally, an illustrative example is presented to show the efficiency of the proposed results.

Li, Fangfei, E-mail: li-fangfei@163.com [Department of Mathematics, East China University of Science and Technology, No. 130, Meilong Road, Shanghai, Shanghai 200237 (China)] [Department of Mathematics, East China University of Science and Technology, No. 130, Meilong Road, Shanghai, Shanghai 200237 (China)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to RCUK Large Facilities Roadmap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to RCUK Large Facilities Roadmap December 2007 Page 1 of 4 RCUK Large Facilities Roadmap Response by the Wellcome Trust December 2007 1. The Wellcome Trust is pleased to have the opportunity to feed into the process of prioritising the RCUK Large Facilities Roadmap

Rambaut, Andrew

390

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Field and Baseline Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Field and Baseline Data Field Data Collection: Site Survey of the Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems research project. The reports are a result of funding Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design of Small Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated

391

Speed-dependent Automatic Zooming for Browsing Large Documents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@microsoft.com ABSTRACT We propose a navigation technique for browsing large documents that integrates rate. With typical scrolling interfaces, it is difficult to browse a large document efficiently. UsingSpeed-dependent Automatic Zooming for Browsing Large Documents Takeo Igarashi Computer Science

Igarashi, Takeo

392

Detailed Execution Planning for Large Oil and Gas Construction Projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detailed Execution Planning for Large Oil and Gas Construction Projects Presented by James Lozon, University of Calgary There is currently 55.8 billion dollars worth of large oil and gas construction projects scheduled or underway in the province of Alberta. Recently, large capital oil and gas projects

Calgary, University of

393

The Large Area Telescope on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope Mission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Large Area Telescope (Fermi/LAT, hereafter LAT), the primary instrument on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi) mission, is an imaging, wide field-of-view (FoV), high-energy {gamma}-ray telescope, covering the energy range from below 20 MeV to more than 300 GeV. The LAT was built by an international collaboration with contributions from space agencies, high-energy particle physics institutes, and universities in France, Italy, Japan, Sweden, and the United States. This paper describes the LAT, its preflight expected performance, and summarizes the key science objectives that will be addressed. On-orbit performance will be presented in detail in a subsequent paper. The LAT is a pair-conversion telescope with a precision tracker and calorimeter, each consisting of a 4 x 4 array of 16 modules, a segmented anticoincidence detector that covers the tracker array, and a programmable trigger and data acquisition system. Each tracker module has a vertical stack of 18 (x, y) tracking planes, including two layers (x and y) of single-sided silicon strip detectors and high-Z converter material (tungsten) per tray. Every calorimeter module has 96 CsI(Tl) crystals, arranged in an eight-layer hodoscopic configuration with a total depth of 8.6 radiation lengths, giving both longitudinal and transverse information about the energy deposition pattern. The calorimeter's depth and segmentation enable the high-energy reach of the LAT and contribute significantly to background rejection. The aspect ratio of the tracker (height/width) is 0.4, allowing a large FoV (2.4 sr) and ensuring that most pair-conversion showers initiated in the tracker will pass into the calorimeter for energy measurement. Data obtained with the LAT are intended to (1) permit rapid notification of high-energy {gamma}-ray bursts and transients and facilitate monitoring of variable sources, (2) yield an extensive catalog of several thousand high-energy sources obtained from an all-sky survey, (3) measure spectra from 20 MeV to more than 50 GeV for several hundred sources, (4) localize point sources to 0.3-2 arcmin, (5) map and obtain spectra of extended sources such as SNRs, molecular clouds, and nearby galaxies, (6) measure the diffuse isotropic {gamma}-ray background up to TeV energies, and (7) explore the discovery space for dark matter.

Atwood, W.B.; /UC, Santa Cruz; Abdo, Aous A.; /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C.; Ackermann, M.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Anderson, B. /UC, Santa Cruz; Axelsson, M.; /Stockholm U.; Baldini, L.; /INFN, Pisa; Ballet, J.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Band, D.L.; /NASA, Goddard /NASA, Goddard; Barbiellini, Guido; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Bartelt, J.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bastieri, Denis; /INFN, Padua /Padua U.; Baughman, B.M.; /Ohio State U.; Bechtol, K.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bederede, D.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Bellardi, F.; /INFN, Pisa; Bellazzini, R.; /INFN, Pisa; Berenji, B.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bignami, G.F.; /Pavia U.; Bisello, D.; /INFN, Padua /Padua U.; Bissaldi, E.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; Blandford, R.D.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /NASA, Goddard /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /INFN, Pisa /INFN, Pisa /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Ecole Polytechnique /Washington U., Seattle /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /IASF, Milan /IASF, Milan /Kalmar U. /Royal Inst. Tech., Stockholm /DAPNIA, Saclay /ASI, Rome /INFN, Pisa /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /George Mason U. /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /NASA, Goddard /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /DAPNIA, Saclay /NASA, Goddard /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Montpellier U. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; /more authors.; ,

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

394

Examining Food Risk in the Large using a Complex, Networked System-of-sytems Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The food production infrastructure is a highly complex system of systems. Characterizing the risks of intentional contamination in multi-ingredient manufactured foods is extremely challenging because the risks depend on the vulnerabilities of food processing facilities and on the intricacies of the supply-distribution networks that link them. A pure engineering approach to modeling the system is impractical because of the overall system complexity and paucity of data. A methodology is needed to assess food contamination risk 'in the large', based on current, high-level information about manufacturing facilities, corrunodities and markets, that will indicate which food categories are most at risk of intentional contamination and warrant deeper analysis. The approach begins by decomposing the system for producing a multi-ingredient food into instances of two subsystem archetypes: (1) the relevant manufacturing and processing facilities, and (2) the networked corrunodity flows that link them to each other and consumers. Ingredient manufacturing subsystems are modeled as generic systems dynamics models with distributions of key parameters that span the configurations of real facilities. Networks representing the distribution systems are synthesized from general information about food corrunodities. This is done in a series of steps. First, probability networks representing the aggregated flows of food from manufacturers to wholesalers, retailers, other manufacturers, and direct consumers are inferred from high-level approximate information. This is followed by disaggregation of the general flows into flows connecting 'large' and 'small' categories of manufacturers, wholesalers, retailers, and consumers. Optimization methods are then used to determine the most likely network flows consistent with given data. Vulnerability can be assessed for a potential contamination point using a modified CARVER + Shock model. Once the facility and corrunodity flow models are instantiated, a risk consequence analysis can be performed by injecting contaminant at chosen points in the system and propagating the event through the overarching system to arrive at morbidity and mortality figures. A generic chocolate snack cake model, consisting of fluid milk, liquid eggs, and cocoa, is described as an intended proof of concept for multi-ingredient food systems. We aim for an eventual tool that can be used directly by policy makers and planners.

Ambrosiano, John [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Newkirk, Ryan [U OF MINNESOTA; Mc Donald, Mark P [VANDERBILT U

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

395

1Design limits and solutions for very large wind turbines Design limits and solutions for very large wind turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;#12;1Design limits and solutions for very large wind turbines UpWind Design limits and solutions for very large wind turbines A 20 MW turbine is feasible March 2011 Supported by: #12;March 20112 Photo:Nordex #12;3Design limits and solutions for very large wind turbines Contents 1. UpWind: Summary

Leu, Tzong-Shyng "Jeremy"

396

For economic energy, we need: tritium, large size to obtain hot fusing plasma; high fields and large currents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-D, and not optimised for neutron production) Fusion for ENERGY is difficult: #12;22 The smaller scale (and possible11 For economic energy, we need: tritium, large size to obtain hot fusing plasma; high fields and large currents high running costs, large stored energy (beware disruptions, ELMs) Fusion for NEUTRONS

397

Nuclear EMP simulation for large-scale urban environments. FDTD for electrically large problems.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In case of a terrorist nuclear attack in a metropolitan area, EMP measurement could provide: (1) a prompt confirmation of the nature of the explosion (chemical or nuclear) for emergency response; and (2) and characterization parameters of the device (reaction history, yield) for technical forensics. However, urban environment could affect the fidelity of the prompt EMP measurement (as well as all other types of prompt measurement): (1) Nuclear EMP wavefront would no longer be coherent, due to incoherent production, attenuation, and propagation of gamma and electrons; and (2) EMP propagation from source region outward would undergo complicated transmission, reflection, and diffraction processes. EMP simulation for electrically-large urban environment: (1) Coupled MCNP/FDTD (Finite-difference time domain Maxwell solver) approach; and (2) FDTD tends to be limited to problems that are not 'too' large compared to the wavelengths of interest because of numerical dispersion and anisotropy. We use a higher-order low-dispersion, isotropic FDTD algorithm for EMP propagation.

Smith, William S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bull, Jeffrey S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wilcox, Trevor [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bos, Randall J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shao, Xuan-Min [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Goorley, John T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Costigan, Keeley R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

398

Performance of large electron energy filter in large volume plasma device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes an in-house designed large Electron Energy Filter (EEF) utilized in the Large Volume Plasma Device (LVPD) [S. K. Mattoo, V. P. Anita, L. M. Awasthi, and G. Ravi, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3864 (2001)] to secure objectives of (a) removing the presence of remnant primary ionizing energetic electrons and the non-thermal electrons, (b) introducing a radial gradient in plasma electron temperature without greatly affecting the radial profile of plasma density, and (c) providing a control on the scale length of gradient in electron temperature. A set of 19 independent coils of EEF make a variable aspect ratio, rectangular solenoid producing a magnetic field (B{sub x}) of 100?G along its axis and transverse to the ambient axial field (B{sub z} ? 6.2?G) of LVPD, when all its coils are used. Outside the EEF, magnetic field reduces rapidly to 1?G at a distance of 20 cm from the center of the solenoid on either side of target and source plasma. The EEF divides LVPD plasma into three distinct regions of source, EEF and target plasma. We report that the target plasma (n{sub e} ? 2 × 10{sup 11}?cm{sup ?3} and T{sub e} ? 2?eV) has no detectable energetic electrons and the radial gradients in its electron temperature can be established with scale length between 50?and?600 cm by controlling EEF magnetic field. Our observations reveal that the role of the EEF magnetic field is manifested by the energy dependence of transverse electron transport and enhanced transport caused by the plasma turbulence in the EEF plasma.

Singh, S. K.; Srivastava, P. K.; Awasthi, L. M.; Mattoo, S. K.; Sanyasi, A. K.; Kaw, P. K. [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar 382 428, Gujarat (India)] [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar 382 428, Gujarat (India); Singh, R. [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar 382 428, Gujarat (India) [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar 382 428, Gujarat (India); WCI Center for Fusion Theory, National Fusion Research Institute Gwahangno 113, Yu-seong-gu, Daejeon, 305-333 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

Policy Impact in Criminal Justice: Intended and Unintended Consequences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, that is to say death penalty limiting states, were Maine, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania. 3 However absurd or personally deplorable, it is also sometimes said to serve a eugenic purpose (Sellin 1961...

Beverlin, R. Matthew

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

400

Released upon receipt but intended f o r use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

space, 911: an average, every twonty-four hours. bodies3 mostly very small. bigger than a boy's marble into space o r fall t o tho earth, but the vast majority are complately dissipated. They glow f o r a brief

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Released on receipt but intended f o r use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Hence i n the year 1906 the International Commission f o r Scientific AeronatltScs, at a meeting held i current scien- t i f i c literature, but the hundredth case ha6 l a t e l y become prominent enough t o '!The Aerologist", in accordanco of the term, and t h i s journal is now i n i t s third volume, ( A l l

402

Released on Teceipt but intended f o r use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

House, Cherrapunjd. Unfortunately no positive answer cax be given t o t3is question because the rain

403

Released on receipt but intended'for use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was known from the readings of wind instruments, it was easy t o determine the inclination of the lower the different levelc, and 8s the speed with which tho storm tdWC?l~- AB the records showed the time the ed

404

Released on receipt but intended f o r use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

possible by,the developrient of tLe electric telegranh i n the middle of the nine teeiith Ceiiturp from ships, but tlie general substitution of radio f o r wire telcgrayw as a means of inter- changing Tfeather r q o r t s between countries and co2tinents, Thich took place after the close of the world war

405

INTRODUCTION 1 This guide is intended for employers and self-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

up to. WHY THIS GUIDE? 2 The HSE leaflet Five steps to risk assessment gives practical guidance the provisions of the: q Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 (Management Regulations); q. However, the risk assessment provisions of the Management Regulations are rather special. They require

Martin, Ralph R.

406

2oloased on Pocaipt but intended for use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1929. By Charles Fitzhugh Talman, Authority on Meteorology pa, art of air-conditioning, though still industries, air-conditioning is now regarded 5s essential o r highly desirable i n connection is making a special iidrivelt t o introduce air-conditioning o~,uipmoiitea.- 'pecially dasig:iod for privato

407

Released on receiyt b u t intended for use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a r e seen wherl the a i r is charged with dust o r a watery haze, made v i s i b l s by the solar rays. The intervening shadows a r e those of c1ov.fi.s. Dozens of d i f f e r e n t forms of solar, typhoons on the China coast and bagnios In the PhiliTpines. An upmard j o l t cxpcrienccd by an aviator

408

Released upon receipt but intended f o r use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

branches on the r%5ndward side. Top of trunk inclined in the direction of the prevailing wind. Crown W s m the inclination of the trunk was caused by strong twporav winds, while that In such of the Crown shows By Charles Fitzhugh Talman, Authority on Metoorology. WIND-BENT TREES There is no more striking indication

409

Utilization of visual metrics to drive intended performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years the American industrial landscape has undergone tremendous change as companies have worked to adopt Lean practices. This transformation has been difficult, but necessary, as American companies work to remain ...

Wolbert, Daniel (Daniel Joseph)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Released upon receipt but intended f o r use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

takes up about 16 quarts of nater during its lifetime; a hemp plant twice as much. Plants needs Over 2

411

Released on receipt bit intended f o r use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

southwest was ablazo with sheet li&tni%. mird Officer Jackson, Ifone thin streak of lightning was seen t o

412

Released. upon receipt but intended f o r use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

he ex.)lained that the term a p l i e s to lla period mhen major solar disturbing factors.y v i t h a smattering of Lntin 6ee8 at a glance, meano the art of driving birds? (All right6 reserved

413

Released upon receipt but intended f o r use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BY BALL LISHTNING me recorde of so-called b a l l lightning indicate that one of the mystcr- ious f i e r y balls may s t r i k e an animate or inanimate object without leaving the Slightest trace, o r of sparks behind it. buggy on the l e f t fore-wheel, hurling buggy, horse and man from the middle

414

Roleased on reEeipt but intended for use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of geese appear t o have some immediate o r remote connection with the advent of cool spells* Far nore heating of the air near the ground, The gohepal storms and more pronounced weather Changes are functions

415

Released on receipt but intended f o r use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

means of protection. The Of forests i n this connection ie generally Tecognized. The protective woode it is customary to protect build- In all mountainous countries subject to avalanches railroads must be pro- tected

416

Released upon receipt but intended f o r u68  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to support growing hailstones until thoy roach a might of more than a pound and in ram cases perhaps a few

417

Intended f o r use Dec. 22,1925,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

roach Europo dayls later. Radio reports from ships at sea, and mps m d o from thorn show the continu

418

Released on receipt but intended f o r use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ETYEmEATHEB 7 Mailed January 4, 1929 By Charles Fitzhugh Talman, Authority on Meteorology FACTS ABOUT ICE--- Ice of Russia constmcted a marvelous ice palace, near Which were several cannon made of ice. of ice and iron,and mere discharged without injury,. though the thickness of the ice These were loaded with gunpovder

419

Released upon receipt but intended f o r use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the glare of tho sun w a s torrific. It seolllod impossiblo t h a t , surrounded cntircly by ice and anow, v

420

Released upon receipt but intended for u6e  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the weatherman me88ure air temperature with a thermometer enclosed in a shelter, instead of putting t o radiant heat if it is dry. i s some kind of thermometer, and is made of material which intercepts experienced, and partly upon the wind velocity and other extraneous factors. The reading of a thermometer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Released upon receipt but intended f o r uee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

extremely prolific in local wind rimes. IISolore ,I1 4tvent..i\\iuldont Blanc ,It I1joran,Il %;orget , IINDS Modern science i s satisfied v i t h a few generic wind naxes, of universal 0 application. Our ancestore, however, h e m nothing about t h o broad features of at- mospheric circulation, and a wind prevalent

422

Thermodynamics of QCD at large quark chemical potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the existing weak-coupling results on the thermodynamic potential of deconfined QCD at small and large quark chemical potential and compare with results from lattice gauge theory as well as the exactly solvable case of large-N_f QCD. We also discuss the new analytical results on non-Fermi-liquid effects in entropy and specific heat as well as in dispersion laws of quark quasiparticles at large quark chemical potential.

Andreas Gerhold; Andreas Ipp; Anton Rebhan

2005-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

423

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science at NERSC HPC Requirements Reviews Requirements for Science: Target 2014 Nuclear Physics (NP) Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Nuclear Physics:...

424

Large Eddy Simulation (LES) Applied to Advanced Engine Combustion...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Advanced Engine Combustion Research Large Eddy Simulation (LES) Applied to Advanced Engine Combustion Research 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies...

425

Development of Integrated Die Casting Process for Large Thin...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of Lightweight Magnesium Parts for Near-Term Automotive Applications Most large automobile parts, such as door panels, are made from multi-piece, multi- step steel stamping...

426

Finding Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Seismic Survey DOE Geothermal Peer Review 2010 - Presentation. Project summary: Drilling into large aperture open fractures (LAFs) typically yield production wells with...

427

Finding Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3-D mapping of Large Aperture Fractures (LAF's) * Budget: 679,000 - Phase 2: Drilling - January-December, 2011. * Task 4: Stepout drilling from existing production wells....

428

Generating Random Graphs with Large Girth Mohsen Bayati  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generating Random Graphs with Large Girth Mohsen Bayati Andrea Montanari Amin Saberi Abstract We for Computational and Mathematical Engineering, Stanford University; saberi@stanford.edu. knowledge

Montanari, Annamaria

429

Advancing Cellulosic Ethanol for Large Scale Sustainable Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advancing Cellulosic Ethanol for Large Scale SustainableHydrogen Batteries Nuclear By Lee Lynd, Dartmouth Ethanol •Ethanol, ethyl alcohol, fermentation ethanol, or just “

Wyman, C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Parallel Large-Neighborhood Search Techniques for LNG Inventory ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transport of LNG in large ships to markets, re-gasification of LNG, and injection into ...... International energy outlook 2011: Us energy information administration.

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

431

On the nature of large and rogue waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we show how solutions of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation may be used to explain the shape and behavior of large and rogue waves.

Mikhail Kovalyov

2014-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

432

Solving large scale polynomial convex problems on \\ell_1/nuclear ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 24, 2012 ... Solving large scale polynomial convex problems on \\ell_1/nuclear norm balls by randomized first-order algorithms. Aharon Ben-Tal (abental ...

Aharon Ben-Tal

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

433

Ultra Large Castings for Lightweight Vehicle Structures ?AMD...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Maryland. merit08mccarty6.pdf More Documents & Publications Ultra Large Castings For Lightweight Vehicle Structures Magnesium Powertrain Cast Components Project (AMD 304)...

434

Development of Integrated Die Casting Process for Large Thin...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Integrated Die Casting Process for Large Thin-Wall Magnesium Applications Enabling Production of Lightweight Magnesium Parts for Near-Term Automotive Applications, April 2013...

435

Large Scale GSHP as Alternative Energy for American Farmers  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Large Scale GSHP as Alternative Energy for American Farmers Shawn Yunsheng Xu University of Missouri May 18, 2010 This presentation does not contain any proprietary confidential,...

436

Large Scale GSHP as Alternative Energy for American Farmers Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Scale GSHP as Alternative Energy for American Farmers Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Large Scale GSHP as Alternative...

437

anaplastic large cell: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mass manufacturing of PV by transparently demonstrating that large scale PV manufacturing is technically feasible and reaches an enormous untapped market for PV with low...

438

FACTS Devices for Large Wind Power Plants A. Adamczyk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-of-the-art in FACTS for large WPPs with AC connection is given. FACTS devices (excluding HVDC) with their properties

Teodorescu, Remus

439

FORCED TWO PHASE HELIUM COOLING OF LARGE SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DIAMETER TPC THIN SUPERCONDUCTING SOLENOID . 'i.A. Green,and Construction of a Superconducting Stabilized AluminumM.A. Green, "Large Superconducting Detector Magnets with

Green, M.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

National Fuel- Large Non-Residential Conservation Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In conjunction with NYSERDA's Existing Facilities Program, National Fuel provides an energy efficient equipment application for custom and standard rebates. These rebates are available for large...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

PSNH- Large Business Energy Efficiency Retrofit Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Public Service of New Hampshire (PSNH), in collaboration with [http://www.nhsaves.com/ nhsaves], encourages large commercial and industrial customers in existing facilities to conserve energy...

442

Large Fleets Lead in Petroleum Reduction (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fact sheet describes Clean Cities' National Petroleum Reduction Partnership, an initiative through which large private fleets can receive support from Clean Cities to reduce petroleum consumption.

Proc, H.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Parallel Large-Neighborhood Search Techniques for LNG Inventory ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Apr 17, 2014 ... Parallel Large-Neighborhood Search Techniques for LNG Inventory Routing. Badrinarayanan Velamur Asokan(badri.velamur.asokan ***at*** ...

Badrinarayanan Velamur Asokan

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

444

Optimization Online - Large-Scale Linear Programming Techniques ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feb 12, 2002 ... Large-Scale Linear Programming Techniques for the Design of Protein Folding Potentials. Michael Wagner (mwagner ***at*** odu.edu)

Michael Wagner

2002-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

445

Development of Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Overall Project Goal: To research, develop and demonstrate large format lithium ion cells with energy density > 500 WhL Barriers addressed: - Low energy density - Cost -...

446

Ultra Large Castings for Lightweight Vehicle Structures ?AMD...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

for reduced investment cost in tooling and dies - Demonstrate improved energy absorption. USAMP AMD 406 Ultra Large Castings for Lightweight Vehicle Structures...

447

DOE Receives Responses on the Implementation of Large-Capacity...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Enforcement Guidance on Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers and the Waiver Process Electrolux Gibson Air Conditioner and Equator Clothes Washer Fail DOE Energy Star Testing...

448

Development of Integrated Die Casting Process for Large Thin...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Die Casting Process ADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICE Development of Integrated Die Casting Process for Large Thin- Wall Magnesium Applications Enabling Production of Lightweight...

449

UNSUPERVISED CONDITION CHANGE DETECTION IN LARGE DIESEL ENGINES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

diesel engines and stationary power plants. The possibility of early detecting small defects priorUNSUPERVISED CONDITION CHANGE DETECTION IN LARGE DIESEL ENGINES Niels Henrik Pontoppidan and Jan detection in large diesel engines from acoustical emis- sion sensor signal and compared to more classical

450

Large-Scale Eucalyptus Energy Farms and Power Cogeneration1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large-Scale Eucalyptus Energy Farms and Power Cogeneration1 Robert C. Noronla2 The initiation of a large-scale cogeneration project, especially one that combines construction of the power generation supplemental fuel source must be sought if the cogeneration facility will consume more fuel than

Standiford, Richard B.

451

Large Scale Parameter Sweep Studies Using Distributed Matlab  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Large Scale Parameter Sweep Studies Using Distributed Matlab Vikas Argod Graduate Assistant 225. The implementation is done in Matlab. The discussion extends to large scale problems of similar type using distributed matlab. Use of distributed matlab reduced computation time significantly

Bjørnstad, Ottar Nordal

452

Summary report: The shadow effect of large wind farms: measurements,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Summary report: The shadow effect of large wind farms: measurements, data analysis and modelling of large wind farms Department: Wind Energy Risø-R-1615(EN) July 2007 ISSN 0106-2840 ISBN 978 of the project ­ by means of data from the demonstration wind farms Horns Rev and Nysted, analyses of these data

453

Air Effects on Large Droplet Impact Frank T Smith1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Effects on Large Droplet Impact Frank T Smith1 and Richard Purvis2 UCL, London WC1E 6BT, UK A study is presented of the interaction(s) between air and water in determining the motion of a large surrounding air motion. I.Nomenclature A = magnitude of shear flow in the air c = ratio U /V D

Purvis, Richard

454

Ris-R-Report Power fluctuations from large wind farms -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and advantages of MSAR models with time-varying parameters for modeling and forecasting offshore wind powerRisø-R-Report Power fluctuations from large wind farms - Final report Poul Sørensen, Pierre Pinson Abstract (max. 2000 char.): Experience from power system operation with the first large offshore wind farm

455

Covariance Tapering for Likelihood Based Estimation in Large Spatial Datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Covariance Tapering for Likelihood Based Estimation in Large Spatial Datasets Cari Kaufman, Mark the likelihood can be computationally infeasible for large datasets, requiring O(n3) calculations for a dataset and Marshall, 1984). However, evaluating the likelihood requires order n3 operations for a dataset of size n

456

Doctoral Position Aeroelastic Analysis of Large Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Doctoral Position Aeroelastic Analysis of Large Wind Turbines In the research project "Aeroelastic Analysis Horizontal-axis wind turbine and numerical model. of Large Wind Turbines" funded by the Ger- man involving the in-house Finite-Element CFD code XNS to enable the simulation of wind turbines. The ability

457

Minimization of welding residual stress and distortion in large structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Minimization of welding residual stress and distortion in large structures P. Michaleris at Champaign Urbana, Urbana, IL Abstract Welding distortion in large structures is usually caused by buckling due to the residual stress. In cases where the design is fixed and minimum weld size requirements

Michaleris, Panagiotis

458

Simulation of Convection and Macrosegregation in a Large Steel Ingot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulation of Convection and Macrosegregation in a Large Steel Ingot J.P. GU and C. BECKERMANN Melt convection and macrosegregation in casting of a large steel ingot are numerically simulated. The simulation is based on a previously developed model for multicomponent steel solidification with melt convection

Beckermann, Christoph

459

Attack Containment Framework for Large-Scale Critical Infrastructures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Attack Containment Framework for Large-Scale Critical Infrastructures Hoang Nguyen Department-- We present an attack containment framework against value-changing attacks in large-scale critical structure, called attack container, which captures the trust behavior of a group of nodes and assists

Nahrstedt, Klara

460

Lessons from Large-Scale Renewable Energy Integration Studies: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In general, large-scale integration studies in Europe and the United States find that high penetrations of renewable generation are technically feasible with operational changes and increased access to transmission. This paper describes other key findings such as the need for fast markets, large balancing areas, system flexibility, and the use of advanced forecasting.

Bird, L.; Milligan, M.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large emitter intending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Detection of Macrosegregation in a Large Metallic Specimen Using XRF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for extensive sample preparation. The capability of the method is optimised for large production components of concern to the manufacturers of large cast products for many decades, and its prediction and mitigation-needed information and guidance to those modelling macrosegregation phenomena. Techniques such as energy

Cambridge, University of

462

Adaptive Streaming and Rendering of Large Terrains using Strip Masks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Streaming and Rendering of Large Terrains using Strip Masks Joachim Pouderoux Jean-Eudes Marvie IPARLA Project (LaBRI - INRIA Futurs) University of Bordeaux, France Abstract Terrain rendering is an important factor in the rendering of virtual scenes. If they are large and detailed, digital terrains can

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

463

Minimal Schemes for Large Neutrino Mixings with Inverted Hierarchy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Existing oscillation data point to nonzero neutrino masses with large mixings. We analyze the generic features of the neutrino Majorana mass matrix with inverted hierarchy and construct realistic {\\it minimal schemes} for the neutrino mass matrix that can explain the large (but not maximal) \

Duane A. Dicus; Hong-Jian He; John N. Ng

2002-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

464

Ultimate strength of a large wind turbine blade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultimate strength of a large wind turbine blade Find Mølholt Jensen Risø-PhD-34(EN) ISBN 978 2008 #12;#12;Author: Find Mølholt Jensen Title: Ultimate strength of a large wind turbine blade contains a study of the structural static strength of wind turbine blades loaded in flap-wise direction

465

Turbo King: Framework for Large-Scale Internet Delay Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

servers (which is called cache pollution) and requires large traffic overhead when deployed in large consuming half the bandwidth needed by King and reducing the impact of cache pollution by several orders building an all-to-all delay matrix between approximately 220, 000 BGP prefixes advertised in the Internet

Loguinov, Dmitri

466

POWER SYSTEMS STABILITY WITH LARGE-SCALE WIND POWER PENETRATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of offshore wind farms, wind power fluctuations may introduce several challenges to reliable power system behaviour due to natural wind fluctuations. The rapid power fluctuations from the large scale wind farms Generation Control (AGC) system which includes large- scale wind farms for long-term stability simulation

Bak-Jensen, Birgitte

467

Ris-R-1518(EN) The necessary distance between large  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Risø-R-1518(EN) The necessary distance between large wind farms offshore - study Sten Frandsen. As it is often the need for offshore wind farms, the model handles a regular array-geometry with straight rows distance between large wind farms in the offshore environment. The main results are given in Section 1

468

Updatable Process Views for Adapting Large Process Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Updatable Process Views for Adapting Large Process Models: The proView Demonstrator Jens Kolb. The increasing adoption of process-aware information sys- tems (PAISs) has resulted in large process model collections. To support users having different perspectives on these processes and related data, a PAIS should

Ulm, Universität

469

MA Doping Analysis on Breeding Capability and Protected Plutonium Production of Large FBR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spent fuel from LWR can be seen as long-live waste if it is not recycled or as a 'new fuel' resource if it is recycled into the reactors. Uranium and plutonium have been used for 'new fuel' resources from LWR spent fuel as MOX fuel type which is loaded into thermal reactor or fast reactor types. Other actinides from the spent fuel such as neptunium, americium and curium as minor actinide (MA) are considered to be loaded into the reactors for specific purposes, recently. Those purposes such as for increasing protected plutonium production and breeding capability for protected plutonium as well as in the same time those amount of MA can be reduced to a small quantity as a burner or transmutation purpose. Some investigations and scientific approaches are performed in order to increase a material ''barrier'' in plutonium isotope composition by increasing the even mass number of plutonium isotope such as Pu-238, Pu-240 and Pu-242 as plutonium protected composition. Higher material barrier which related to intrinsic properties of plutonium isotopes with even mass number (Pu-238, Pu-240 and Pu-242), are recognized because of their intense decay heat (DH) and high spontaneous fission neutron (SFN) rates. Those even number mass of plutonium isotope contribute to some criteria of plutonium characterization which will be adopted for present study such as IAEA, Pellaud and Kessler criteria (IAEA, 1972; Pellaud, 2002; and Kessler, 2007). The present paper intends to evaluate the breeding capability as a fuel sustainability index of the reactors and to analyze the composition of protected plutonium production of large power reactor based on the FaCT FBR as reference (Ohki, et al., 2008). Three dimensional FBR core configuration has been adopted which is based on the core optimization calculation of SRAC-CITATION code as reactor core analysis and JENDL-3.3 is adopted for nuclear data library. Some MA doping materials are loaded into the blanket regions which can be considered as breeding region for protected plutonium production. Breeding capability of the reactor can be increased effectively by increasing MA doping rate while criticality condition of the reactor is reduced by doping MA. Adopting MA cycle is also effective to increase the isotopic Pu-238 production in plutonium vector composition for denaturing purpose of plutonium.

Permana, Sidik; Suzuki, Mitsutoshi; Kuno, Yusuke [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Nuclear Non-proliferation Science and Technology Center, 2-4 Shirane Shirakata, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki, 319-1195 (Japan)

2010-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

470

Sustainability of Very Large Photovoltaic DeploymentSustainability of Very Large Photovoltaic Deployment email: vmf5@columbia.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Sustainability of Very Large Photovoltaic DeploymentSustainability of Very Large Photovoltaic for Life Cycle Analysis Columbia University and National Photovoltaics Environmental Research Center, 2006 - Fthenakis & Alsema, Progress in Photovoltaics, 14, 275, 2006 #12;9 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Ohta, Shigemi

471

Large Deviations in the Superstable Weakly Imperfect Bose Gas 1 Large Deviations in the Superstable Weakly Imperfect Bose Gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the condensate. More interesting for our analysis is a discontinuity of the particle density from #- > 0Large Deviations in the Superstable Weakly Imperfect Bose Gas 1 Large Deviations in the Superstable Weakly Imperfect Bose Gas J.­B. Bru a and V.A. Zagrebnov b a FakultË?at fË?ur Physik, UniversitË?at Wien

472

Holographic principle and large scale structure in the universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A reasonable representation of large scale structure, in a closed universe so large it's nearly flat, can be developed by extending the holographic principle and assuming the bits of information describing the distribution of matter density in the universe remain in thermal equilibrium with the cosmic microwave background radiation. The analysis identifies three levels of self-similar large scale structure, corresponding to superclusters, galaxies, and star clusters, between today's observable universe and stellar systems. The self-similarity arises because, according to the virial theorem, the average gravitational potential energy per unit volume in each structural level is the same and depends only on the gravitational constant. The analysis indicates stellar systems first formed at z\\approx62, consistent with the findings of Naoz et al, and self-similar large scale structures began to appear at redshift z\\approx4. It outlines general features of development of self-similar large scale structures at redshift z<4. The analysis is consistent with observations for angular momentum of large scale structures as a function of mass, and average speed of substructures within large scale structures. The analysis also indicates relaxation times for star clusters are generally less than the age of the universe and relaxation times for more massive structures are greater than the age of the universe.

T. R. Mongan

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

473

Aging assessment of large electric motors in nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large electric motors serve as the prime movers to drive high capacity pumps, fans, compressors, and generators in a variety of nuclear plant systems. This study examined the stressors that cause degradation and aging in large electric motors operating in various plant locations and environments. The operating history of these machines in nuclear plant service was studied by review and analysis of failure reports in the NPRDS and LER databases. This was supplemented by a review of motor designs, and their nuclear and balance of plant applications, in order to characterize the failure mechanisms that cause degradation, aging, and failure in large electric motors. A generic failure modes and effects analysis for large squirrel cage induction motors was performed to identify the degradation and aging mechanisms affecting various components of these large motors, the failure modes that result, and their effects upon the function of the motor. The effects of large motor failures upon the systems in which they are operating, and on the plant as a whole, were analyzed from failure reports in the databases. The effectiveness of the industry`s large motor maintenance programs was assessed based upon the failure reports in the databases and reviews of plant maintenance procedures and programs.

Villaran, M.; Subudhi, M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Manufacturing process to reduce large grain growth in zirconium alloys  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

It is an object of the present invention to provide a procedure for desensitizing zirconium-based alloys to large grain growth (LGG) during thermal treatment above the recrystallization temperature of the alloy. It is a further object of the present invention to provide a method for treating zirconium-based alloys which have been cold-worked in the range of 2 to 8% strain to reduce large grain growth. It is another object of the present invention to provide a method for fabricating a zirconium alloy clad nuclear fuel element wherein the zirconium clad is resistant to large grain growth.

Rosecrans, P.M.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Stabilization of Large Scale Structure by Adhesive Gravitational Clustering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interplay between gravitational and dispersive forces in a multi-streamed medium leads to an effect which is exposed in the present note as the genuine driving force of stabilization of large-scale structure. The conception of `adhesive gravitational clustering' is advanced to interlock the fairly well-understood epoch of formation of large-scale structure and the onset of virialization into objects that are dynamically in equilibrium with their large-scale structure environment. The classical `adhesion model' is opposed to a class of more general models traced from the physical origin of adhesion in kinetic theory.

Thomas Buchert

1999-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

476

Uniform Laws of Large Numbers Carlos C. Rodriguez  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Uniform Laws of Large Numbers Carlos C. Rodr´iguez http://omega.albany.edu:8008/ September 30, 2004 of probability theory. It was discovered for the case of random coin flips by James Bernoulli at around 1700

Rodriguez, Carlos

477

Fail Safe Design for Large Capacity Lithium-ion Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fail Safe Design for Large Capacity Lithium-ion Batteries NREL Commercialization & Tech Transfer Webinar March 27, 2011 Gi-Heon Kim gi-heon.kim@nrel.gov John Ireland, Kyu-Jin Lee,...

478

How Three Retail Buyers Source Large-Scale Solar Electricity  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Large-scale, non-utility solar power purchase agreements (PPAs) are still a rarity despite the growing popularity of PPAs across the country. In this webinar, participants will learn more about how...

479

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Assessment of Large Combined...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Summary Report: Assessment of Large Combined Heat and Power Market ORNL Subcontract 4000021456 Task 2 Submitted to: Oak Ridge National Laboratory P.O. Box 2008 1 Bethel Valley Road...

480

Condensation and Large Cardinals Sy-David Friedman, Peter Holy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Condensation and Large Cardinals Sy-David Friedman, Peter Holy Abstract We introduce two generalized condensation principles: Local Club Condensation and Stationary Condensation. We show that while Strong Condensation (a generalized Condensation principle intro- duced by Hugh Woodin in [19

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481

adaptive large neighborhood: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 12;1 Introduction Filter bank theory 1 is by now a mature topic Reilly, James P. 136 First Light Adaptive Optics System for Large Binocular Telescope S....

482

Building America Webinar: Opportunities in Large Data Collection and Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The webinar focused on specific Building America projects that are looking to gather and analyze large bodies of data on new and existing homes, and will feature opportunities for industry to collaborate with researchers to gather and analyze valuable data.

483

anomalously large deformation: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

radiation. I. F. Malov 2007-11-04 88 A study of large plastic deformations in dual phase steel using digital image correlation and FE analysis Physics Websites Summary: ),...

484

Non-traditional growth in large, established firms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Firms must continuously strive to grow through the creation of new sources of competitive advantage. The challenges to growth are more severe for large, established firms that derive a predominant amount of their present ...

Sunderrajan, Suresh, 1970-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Prototype Vector Machine for Large Scale Semi-Supervised Learning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Practicaldataminingrarelyfalls exactlyinto the supervisedlearning scenario. Rather, the growing amount of unlabeled data poses a big challenge to large-scale semi-supervised learning (SSL). We note that the computationalintensivenessofgraph-based SSLarises largely from the manifold or graph regularization, which in turn lead to large models that are dificult to handle. To alleviate this, we proposed the prototype vector machine (PVM), a highlyscalable,graph-based algorithm for large-scale SSL. Our key innovation is the use of"prototypes vectors" for effcient approximation on both the graph-based regularizer and model representation. The choice of prototypes are grounded upon two important criteria: they not only perform effective low-rank approximation of the kernel matrix, but also span a model suffering the minimum information loss compared with the complete model. We demonstrate encouraging performance and appealing scaling properties of the PVM on a number of machine learning benchmark data sets.

Zhang, Kai; Kwok, James T.; Parvin, Bahram

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

486

Investigations of tetraspanin functions using large extracellular loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes our characterization of a specific tetraspanin domain: the large extracellular loop (LEL). Tetraspanins are involved in cellular migration, adhesion, and metastasis, sperm-egg fusion, and viral ...

Liu, Christopher C

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Platforms and real options in large-scale engineering systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis introduces a framework and two methodologies that enable engineering management teams to assess the value of real options in programs of large-scale, partially standardized systems implemented a few times over ...

Kalligeros, Konstantinos C., 1976-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Generating Random Graphs with Large Girth Mohsen Bayati  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generating Random Graphs with Large Girth Mohsen Bayati Andrea Montanari Amin Saberi Abstract We; saberi@stanford.edu. 1 #12;free graphs are close to bipartite. We show that our new algorithm guarantees

Saberi, Amin

489

Vacuum gaps with small tunnel currents at large electric field...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

with small tunnel currents at large electric field and its potential applications for energy storage, charge storage and power supplies. Friday, May 27, 2011 - 4:00pm SSRL...

490

Retroreflective shadowgraph technique for large-scale flow visualization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for large-scale flow visualization, the simple shadow- graph can often provide the most robust solution photographed the shadowgram of a blasting-cap ex- plosion outdoors in daylight (see Fig. 6.14a of [1]). One

Settles, Gary S.

491

Surrogate modeling for large-scale black-box systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research introduces a systematic method to reduce the complexity of large-scale blackbox systems for which the governing equations are unavailable. For such systems, surrogate models are critical for many applications, ...

Liem, Rhea Patricia

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Finding Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

A Three-Component Long-Offset Surface Seismic Survey, PSInSAR, and Kinematic Analysis Finding Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas Using A Three-Component...

493

Large-scale simulator for global data infrastructure optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Companies depend on information systems to control their operations. During the last decade, Information Technology (IT) infrastructures have grown in scale and complexity. Any large company runs many enterprise applications ...

Herrero-López, Sergio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Fermilab Muon Ring Arrives to a Large Crowd of Fans  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A very large group of people gathered to watch the muon g-2 ring on its last leg of the big move from Brookhaven National Laboratory in Long Island, NY to Fermilab in Batavia, IL.

None

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

495

Superconducting generators for large off shore wind turbines   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes four novel superconducting machine concepts, in the pursuit of finding a suitable design for large offshore wind turbines. The designs should be reliable, modular and light-weight. The main novelty ...

Keysan, Ozan

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

496

Large-area visually augmented navigation for autonomous underwater vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes a vision-based, large-area, simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) algorithm that respects the low-overlap imagery constraints typical of autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) while exploiting ...

Eustice, Ryan M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

3D exploitation of large urban photo archives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent work in computer vision has demonstrated the potential to automatically recover camera and scene geometry from large collections of uncooperatively-collected photos. At the same time, aerial ladar and Geographic ...

Snavely, Noah

498

HMDB: A Large Video Database for Human Motion Recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With nearly one billion online videos viewed everyday, an emerging new frontier in computer vision research is recognition and search in video. While much effort has been devoted to the collection and annotation of large ...

Kuehne, H.

499

Analysis for robotic assembly of large flexible space structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Space solar power is a renewable, environment-friendly alternative to satisfy future terrestrial power needs. Space solar power stations will need to have large dimensions (on the order of hundreds of meters) to be able ...

Mangalgiri, Vickram S. (Vickram Suresh), 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Large Industrial Renewable Energy Purchase Program (New Brunswick)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Beginning January 1, 2012 the Large Industrial Renewable Energy Purchase Program allows NB Power to purchase renewable energy generated by its largest customers at a rate of $95/MWh. This...