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1

Title of Document: VARIABILITY OF THE GREAT PLAINS LOW-LEVEL JET: LARGE SCALE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT Title of Document: VARIABILITY OF THE GREAT PLAINS LOW-LEVEL JET: LARGE SCALE CIRCULATION Nigam, Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Variability of the Great Plains Low-Level Jet Plains precipitation variability, and together, account for ~75% of the variance. Ocean basin centered

Maryland at College Park, University of

2

Survey of large protein complexes D. vulgaris reveals great structural diversity  

SciTech Connect

An unbiased survey has been made of the stable, most abundant multi-protein complexes in Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough (DvH) that are larger than Mr {approx} 400 k. The quaternary structures for 8 of the 16 complexes purified during this work were determined by single-particle reconstruction of negatively stained specimens, a success rate {approx}10 times greater than that of previous 'proteomic' screens. In addition, the subunit compositions and stoichiometries of the remaining complexes were determined by biochemical methods. Our data show that the structures of only two of these large complexes, out of the 13 in this set that have recognizable functions, can be modeled with confidence based on the structures of known homologs. These results indicate that there is significantly greater variability in the way that homologous prokaryotic macromolecular complexes are assembled than has generally been appreciated. As a consequence, we suggest that relying solely on previously determined quaternary structures for homologous proteins may not be sufficient to properly understand their role in another cell of interest.

Han, B.-G.; Dong, M.; Liu, H.; Camp, L.; Geller, J.; Singer, M.; Hazen, T. C.; Choi, M.; Witkowska, H. E.; Ball, D. A.; Typke, D.; Downing, K. H.; Shatsky, M.; Brenner, S. E.; Chandonia, J.-M.; Biggin, M. D.; Glaeser, R. M.

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

3

Dynamically Downscaled Projections of Lake-Effect Snow in the Great Lakes Basin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Projected changes in lake-effect snowfall by the mid- and late 21st century are explored for the Laurentian Great Lakes Basin. Simulations from two state-of-the-art global climate models within the latest Coupled Model Intercomparison Project ...

Michael Notaro; Val Bennington; Steve Vavrus

4

Surface-Based Remote Sensing of the Aerosol Indirect Effect at Southern Great Plains  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Surface-Based Remote Sensing of the Surface-Based Remote Sensing of the Aerosol Indirect Effect at Southern Great Plains G. Feingold and W. L. Eberhard National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado D. E. Vernon and M. Previdi Rutgers University New Brunswick, New Jersey Abstract We have demonstrated first measurements of the aerosol indirect effect using ground-based remote sensors at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. The response of non-precipitating, ice-free clouds to changes in aerosol loading is quantified in terms of a relative change in cloud-drop effective radius (r e ) for a relative change in aerosol extinction under conditions of equivalent cloud liquid water path (LWP). This is done in a single column of air at a temporal resolution of 20 s (spatial resolution of ~100 m).

5

NOVEMBER 1997 2847L O F G R E N Simulated Effects of Idealized Laurentian Great Lakes on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cycle of latent and sensible heat flux. Very high upward sensible heat flux occurs over these idealized noted remote effects of the Great Lakes in the form of different precipitation patterns over

6

Visual effects in great bowerbird sexual displays and their implications for signal design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...active bowers in two great bowerbird populations...groups or their pooled classes (figure 2 a), including...off-diagonals; the greater this diversity, the...entire distribution of great bowerbirds from Broome...measures and mean object class reflectance measurements...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Doppler effect of the rupture process of the great M W7.9 Wenchuan earthquake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study we performed a classical spectrum analysis of seismic waveforms recorded at far field stations of the great M W...7.9 Wenchuan earthquake to observe the shifts of the corner frequenc...

Ge Jin; Youcai Tang; Shiyong Zhou; Yongshun John Chen

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Magnetic refrigeration, based on the magnetocaloric ef-fect, has great promise for domestic and industrial use and is at-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy consumption. Furthermore, it would reduce the use of greenhouse-effect gases the industrial development of the materials, McPHy Energy for powder treatments, and Cooltech ApplicationsMagnetic refrigeration, based on the magnetocaloric ef- fect, has great promise for domestic

Canet, Léonie

9

THE EFFECT OF DOMINANT GRASS SPECIES ON NITROGEN CYCLING IN GREAT SIPPEWISSETT SALT MARSH SEDIMENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the salt marsh. To do this, I studied three dominant high-marsh grass species: Phragmites australis alterniflora, S. patens, Phragmites australis, nitrogen cycling, Great Sippewissett Marsh INTRODUCTION: Phragmites australis. Phragmites is a common reed that grows in dense, often monoculture stands that achieve

Vallino, Joseph J.

10

A Large-Scale Deforestation Experiment: Effects of Patch Area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Large-Scale Deforestation Experiment: Effects of Patch Area and Isolation on Amazon Birds Gonçalo,4 Thomas E. Lovejoy1,5 As compared with extensive contiguous areas, small isolated habitat patches lack many species. Some species disappear after isolation; others are rarely found in any small patch

Stouffer, Phil

11

Isolating relativistic effects in large-scale structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a fully relativistic calculation of the observed galaxy number counts in the linear regime. We show that besides the density fluctuations and redshift-space distortions, various relativistic effects contribute to observations at large scales. These effects all have the same physical origin: they result from the fact that our coordinate system, namely the galaxy redshift and the incoming photons' direction, is distorted by inhomogeneities in our universe. We then discuss the impact of the relativistic effects on the angular power spectrum and on the two-point correlation function in configuration space. We show that the latter is very well adapted to isolate the relativistic effects since it naturally makes use of the symmetries of the different contributions. In particular, we discuss how the Doppler effect and the gravitational redshift distortions can be isolated by looking for a dipole in the cross-correlation function between a bright and a faint population of galaxies.

Bonvin, Camille

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Large Scale Obscuration and Related Climate Effects Workshop: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

A Workshop on Large Scale Obsurcation and Related Climate Effects was held 29--31 January, 1992, in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The objectives of the workshop were: to determine through the use of expert judgement the current state of understanding of regional and global obscuration and related climate effects associated with nuclear weapons detonations; to estimate how large the uncertainties are in the parameters associated with these phenomena (given specific scenarios); to evaluate the impact of these uncertainties on obscuration predictions; and to develop an approach for the prioritization of further work on newly-available data sets to reduce the uncertainties. The workshop consisted of formal presentations by the 35 participants, and subsequent topical working sessions on: the source term; aerosol optical properties; atmospheric processes; and electro-optical systems performance and climatic impacts. Summaries of the conclusions reached in the working sessions are presented in the body of the report. Copies of the transparencies shown as part of each formal presentation are contained in the appendices (microfiche).

Zak, B.D.; Russell, N.A.; Church, H.W.; Einfeld, W.; Yoon, D.; Behl, Y.K. [eds.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

A Study of the Early Winter Effects of the Great Lakes.I: Comparison of Very Fine Scale Numerical Simulations with Observed Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Development of a framework for study of the Great Lakes' effects on late fall-early winter cyclones andArctic air masses has been initiated. The central theoretical component is a three-dimensional numericalprimitive equations model. The 40-45 km ...

Douglas B. Boudra

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Effects of Adding Sewage Sludge and Urea-Phosphate Fertilizers to the Great Sippewissett Salt Marsh, Falmouth, MA on Heavy Metals and Microbial N-Cycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of Adding Sewage Sludge and Urea-Phosphate Fertilizers to the Great Sippewissett Salt Marsh in sludge form. Metals were not found to inhibit nitrification nor denitrification. Neither fertilizer nor, microbes, nitrogen cycle, sewage sludge, urea phosphate fertilizer, heavy metals INTRODUCTION Pollution

Vallino, Joseph J.

15

Study on great northern beans (Phaseolus vulgaris): effect of drum drying process on bean flour properties and effect on gamma radiation on bean starch properties  

SciTech Connect

Great Northern bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) drum dried flours at native pH of 6.54, pH 6 and 7 showed reduced activities of trypsin inhibitor, ..cap alpha..-amylase inhibitor, hemagglutinating titer, and nitrogen solubility. Electrophoretic analyses showed a slight modification of the native bean proteins, and the presence of at least four trypsin inhibitors. The study of the effect of 2.5-20 kGy irradiation doses on Great Northern beans showed essentially no modification of the electrophoretic mobility of the storage proteins or the trypsin inhibitors. Nitrogen solubility and hemagglutinating activity were essentially unchanged. With the 20 kGy dose, decrease in ..cap alpha..-amylase inhibitor activity, decrease reactive/available lysine content, and decrease cooking time of the irradiated beans after 11 months of storage were observed. Taste panel results indicated that the control and 20 kGy irradiated bean were significantly different at 5% level. At 20 kGy dose, the beans developed a partially water soluble brown color.

Rayas-Solis, P.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

GREAT LAKES ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or product does not constitute an endorsement by NOANERL. Use for publicity or advertising purposes & Global Change in Large Lakes ................" ... 7 Pollutant Effects and effects of pollutants, the cycling and through-put of nutrients and energy within the food chain, water

17

Studies of the Scott effect using large magnetic fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/w becomes c L c mL/m a g (H/P) T 1/2 L c J Both the Scott effect and the Senftleben effect depend upon the non- sphericity of the gas molecules. Thus the Scott effect is not ob- 1, 6 served in the gases with spherical molecules. 7 Avery carried... /w becomes c L c mL/m a g (H/P) T 1/2 L c J Both the Scott effect and the Senftleben effect depend upon the non- sphericity of the gas molecules. Thus the Scott effect is not ob- 1, 6 served in the gases with spherical molecules. 7 Avery carried...

Ball, Raiford Mill

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

18

Effect of the shutdown of a large coal fired power plant on ambient mercury species  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effect of the shutdown of a coal-fired power plant on urbanof the shutdown of a large coal-fired power plant on ambientof the shutdown of a large coal-fired power plant on ambient

Wang, Yungang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

The effects and consequences of very large explosive volcanic eruptions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...while ash still airborne (days to ?weeks); problems with landing and take-off until airports cleared. power generation-effects...doi:10.1038/373399a0 . Morrison, D 2006Asteroid and comet impacts: the ultimate environmental catastrophe. Phil. Trans...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Effective Aperture of a Large Pseudorandom Low-Frequency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(LWA) LWA Station State of New Mexico, USA Aperture synthesis radio telescope · About 50 "stations" across New Mexico · Each station is an array of many elements · 20 - 80 MHz (at least) Project Status 16.6562 for Realistic = 3.0 in E-Plane = 0.5 in H-Plane [m2] Crude Estimate for Single Stand #12;8 Effective Aperture

Ellingson, Steven W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

A Modeling Study of Irrigation Effects on Surface Fluxes and Land-Air-Cloud Interactions in the Southern Great Plains  

SciTech Connect

In this study, the authors incorporate an operational-like irrigation scheme into the Noah land surface model as part of the Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF). A series of simulations, with and without irrigation, is conducted over the Southern Great Plains (SGP) for an extremely dry (2006) and wet (2007) year. The results show that including irrigation reduces model bias in soil moisture and surface latent heat (LH) and sensible heat (SH) fluxes, especially during a dry year. Irrigation adds additional water to the surface, leading to changes in the planetary boundary layer. The increase in soil moisture leads to increases in the surface evapotranspiration and near-surface specific humidity but decreases in the SH and surface temperature. Those changes are local and occur during daytime. There is an irrigation-induced decrease in both the lifting condensation level (ZLCL) and mixed-layer depth. The decrease in ZLCL is larger than the decrease in mixed-layer depth, suggesting an increasing probability of shallow clouds. The simulated changes in precipitation induced by irrigation are highly variable in space, and the average precipitation over the SGP region only slightly increases. A high correlation is found among soil moisture, SH, and ZLCL. Larger values of soil moisture in the irrigated simulation due to irrigation in late spring and summer persist into the early fall, suggesting that irrigation-induced soil memory could last a few weeks to months. The results demonstrate the importance of irrigation parameterization for climate studies and improve the process-level understanding on the role of human activity in modulating landaircloud interactions.

Qian, Yun; Huang, Maoyi; Yang, Ben; Berg, Larry K.

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

22

Phofochemisfryand Phofobiolory. 1974. Vol. 19.pp. 227-232. PergamonPress. Printedin Great Britain EFFECTS OF BICARBONATE ION ON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,- occurs between the oxygen-evolving site and the electron-donation site of the artificial donor di- phenyl,-. It is suggested that HCO:3-may somehow form or stabilize, in the dark, a number of reaction centers corresponding involved in the primary photochemical reactions associated with oxygen evolution, as the HCO,- effect

Govindjee

23

ARM Southern Great Plains  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of clouds and aerosols, as well as their interactions, in climate and earth system models. More Information Southern Great Plains Site SGP Fact Sheet Visit the Southern...

24

Monitoring biological effects of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, and biphenyls in great blue heron chicks (Ardea herodias) in British Columbia  

SciTech Connect

The Canadian Wildlife Service monitors levels of polychlorinated aromatic hydrocarbons in great blue heron (Ardea herodias) eggs in British Columbia as indicators of environmental contamination. The present project assessed the temporal effects of environmental contamination with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and other polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and biphenyls (PCBs) on hepatic microsomal ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) activities and several morphological parameters in heron hatchlings. Between 1990 and 1992, eggs were collected from two great blue heron colonies in British Columbia that had elevated levels of contamination in 1988: Vancouver in 1990 and 1992, and Crofton in 1991. Biological parameters in the hatchlings and chemical contaminant levels in matched eggs from the same clutch were measured and compared with the findings from the same colonies studied in 1988. Levels of TCDD and other PCDDs and PCDFs had decreased significantly in both colonies since 1988. A concomitant decrease in EROD activity and incidence of chick edema, increase in body weight, and improvement of the reproductive success of the Crofton colony was observed. Body, yolk-free body, stomach, and intestine weights, tibia wet, dry, and ash weights, and tibia length regressed negatively on TCDD level (p < .01; n = 54). Hepatic EROD activity regressed positively on TCDD level (r[sup 2] = .49; p = .00005; n = 54). Regression of these parameters on the sum of TCDD toxic equivalents (TEQ) resulted in similar relationships. The reduction in severity of the effects observed in the contaminated colonies in the recent collections, accompanied by the declines in levels of PCDDs and PCDFs, was consistent with the dose-response relationships determined in 1988. 40 refs., 3 figs., 4 tabs.

Sanderson, J.T.; Bellward, G.D. (Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver (Canada)); Elliott, J.E.; Whitehead, P.E. (Canadian Wildlife Service, British Columbia (Canada)); Norstrom, R.J. (Canadian Wildlife Service, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Southern Great Plains  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govSitesSouthern Great Plains govSitesSouthern Great Plains SGP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Central Facility Boundary Facility Extended Facility Intermediate Facility Radiometric Calibration Facility Geographic Information ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts Southern Great Plains SGP Central Facility, Lamont, OK 36° 36' 18.0" N, 97° 29' 6.0" W Altitude: 320 meters The Southern Great Plains (SGP) site was the first field measurement site established by DOE's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. Scientists are using the information obtained from the SGP to improve cloud and radiative models and parameterizations and, thereby, the performance of atmospheric general circulation models used for climate research.

26

Land use and land cover change: the effects of woody plant encroachment and prescribed fire on biodiversity and ecosystem carbon dynamics in a southern great plains mixed grass savanna  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LAND USE AND LAND COVER CHANGE: THE EFFECTS OF WOODY PLANT ENCROACHMENT AND PRESCRIBED FIRE ON BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM CARBON DYNAMICS IN A SOUTHERN GREAT PLAINS MIXED GRASS SAVANNA A Dissertation by EMILY BROOKE HOLLISTER Submitted... PLANT ENCROACHMENT AND PRESCRIBED FIRE ON BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM CARBON DYNAMICS IN A SOUTHERN GREAT PLAINS MIXED GRASS SAVANNA A Dissertation by EMILY BROOKE HOLLISTER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial...

Hollister, Emily Brooke

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

27

Great Lakes RESTORATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

these focus areas over a five-year period (FY 2010-2014). NOAA Climate Projects Contact Information Heather, and education in the Great Lakes. NOAA's Climate Projects use a three-pronged approach to research climate decisions made as a result. - Monitoring and modeling climate variables to project future climate trends

28

Great Wall Starbucks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

along the Great Wall. When you think about it, it's not a bad marketing strategy: the Wall is high, the stairs relentless; what better than an espresso to energize you for the steep climb up? On second thought, make that a double. #ceas #china #tsutsui...

Hacker, Randi; Gatewood, Tyler; Tsutsui, William

2006-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

29

Effect of fluctuating wind direction on cross natural ventilation in buildings from large eddy simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wind direction, and the simulated results agree reasonably with the corresponding experimental data is the use of small-scale models in a wind tunnel to simulate natural ventilation. In general, the mean flow1 Effect of fluctuating wind direction on cross natural ventilation in buildings from large eddy

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

30

Effects of large-scale distribution of wind energy in and around Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of large-scale distribution of wind energy in and around Europe Gregor Giebel Niels Gylling energy in Europe? · Distribution of wind energy all over Europe leads to smoothing of the wind power energy can easily supply up to ~20% of the European demand. At this stage, · Less than 13% of the wind

31

The IR-resummed Effective Field Theory of Large Scale Structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new method to resum the effect of large scale motions in the Effective Field Theory of Large Scale Structures. Because the linear power spectrum in $\\Lambda$CDM is not scale free the effects of the large scale flows are enhanced. Although previous EFT calculations of the equal-time density power spectrum at one and two loops showed a remarkable agreement with numerical results, they also showed a 2% residual which appeared related to the BAO oscillations. We show that this was indeed the case, explain the physical origin and show how a Lagrangian based calculation removes this differences. We propose a simple method to upgrade existing Eulerian calculations to effectively make them Lagrangian and compare the new results with existing fits to numerical simulations. Our new two-loop results agrees with numerical results up to $k\\sim 0.6 h/$Mpc to within 1% with no oscillatory residuals. We also compute power spectra involving momentum which is significantly more affected by the large scale flows. We show how keeping track of these velocities significantly enhances the UV reach of the momentum power spectrum in addition to removing the BAO related residuals. We compute predictions for the real space correlation function around the BAO scale and investigate its sensitivity to the EFT parameters and the details of the resummation technique.

Leonardo Senatore; Matias Zaldarriaga

2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

32

Effects of embryonic and adult exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin on hepatic microsomal testosterone hydroxylase activities in great blue herons (Ardea herodias)  

SciTech Connect

In a continuing effort to evaluate biomarkers of exposure of great blue herons (Ardea herodias) to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and related halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons, the authors examined the effect of TCDD on hepatic microsomal testosterone hydroxylase activities. Heron embryos were exposed in ovo to 2 {micro}g TCDD/kg egg (or corn oil vehicle) and sacrificed at hatch or 7 d posthatch. Adult herons were exposed intraperitoneally to 20 {micro}g TCDD/kg and sacrificed 2 weeks later. The sex of the birds was known for the adults only. Hepatic microsomes of herons of each age group were able to hydroxylate testosterone at the 2{beta}, 6{beta}, 15{alpha}, 16{alpha}, or 16{beta} positions. In 7-d-old chicks, an additional unidentified compound was formed. The age of the untreated herons had a strong influence on the activities of the five hydroxylases, with changes of up to 17-fold. The TCDD significantly induced 2{beta}-, 6{beta}, and 15{alpha}-testosterone hydroxylase activities in the adult females, 15{alpha} in the adult males, and 6{beta}-testosterone hydroxylase activity in the hatchlings. In the 7-d-old chicks, induction was no longer apparent. A significant correlation existed between hepatic microsomal ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) and 6{beta}-testosterone hydroxylase activity in hatchlings and adult female herons. The TCDD-induced changes in testosterone hydroxylase activities occurred at doses that resulted in tissue concentrations and levels of EROD induction that were environmentally relevant, but did not result in overt toxicities.

Sanderson, J.T.; Giesy, J.P. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States); Janz, D.M.; Bellward, G.D. [Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

The Effect of a Large Resuspension Event in Southern Lake Michigan on the Short-term Cycling of Organic Contaminants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Effect of a Large Resuspension Event in Southern Lake Michigan on the Short-term Cycling and after a major resuspension event. It was found that major resuspension events result in a large flux of that occurred in the month of March after a series of intense storms induced a large- scale resuspension event

34

Effect of high-energy neutral particles on extreme ultraviolet spectroscopy in large helical device  

SciTech Connect

Spectra measured by an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) spectrometer frequently suffer large spike noise when Large Helical Device is operated in low-density range ({<=}3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 13} cm{sup -3}) with neutral beam injection (NBI). The spike noise completely disappears in electron cyclotron heating discharges. In order to examine the effect of NBI, a carbon filter with thickness of 150 nm was installed in the EUV spectrometer. As a result, the spike noise was reduced by an order of magnitude. It is experimentally verified that the spike noise is caused by escaping high-energy neutral particles resulting from the circulating high-energy hydrogen ions borne from NBI.

Dong Chunfeng; Sakaue, Hiroyuki [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu (Japan); Morita, Shigeru; Tokitani, Masayuki; Goto, Motoshi [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu (Japan); Department of Fusion Science, Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Toki 509-5292, Gifu (Japan); Wang, Erhui [Department of Fusion Science, Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Toki 509-5292, Gifu (Japan); Zushi, Hideki [RIAM, Kyushu University, Kasuga 816-8580, Fukuoka (Japan)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

Effect of the shutdown of a large coal-fired power plant on ambient mercury  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effect of the shutdown of a large coal-fired power plant on ambient mercury Effect of the shutdown of a large coal-fired power plant on ambient mercury species Title Effect of the shutdown of a large coal-fired power plant on ambient mercury species Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-6097E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Wang, Yungang, Jiaoyan Huang, Philip K. Hopke, Oliver V. Rattigan, David C. Chalupa, Mark J. Utell, and Thomas M. Holsen Journal Chemosphere Volume 92 Issue 4 Pagination 360-367 Date Published 07/2013 Abstract In the spring of 2008, a 260MWe coal-fired power plant (CFPP) located in Rochester, New York was closed over a 4 month period. Using a 2-years data record, the impacts of the shutdown of the CFPP on nearby ambient concentrations of three Hg species were quantified. The arithmetic average ambient concentrations of gaseous elemental mercury (GEM), gaseous oxidized mercury (GOM), and particulate mercury (PBM) during December 2007-November 2009 were 1.6ng/m3, 5.1pg/m3, and 8.9pg/m3, respectively. The median concentrations of GEM, GOM, and PBM significantly decreased by 12%, 73%, and 50% after the CFPP closed (Mann-Whitney test, p<0.001). Positive Matrix Factorization (EPA PMF v4.1) identified six factors including O3-rich, traffic, gas phase oxidation, wood combustion, nucleation, and CFPP. When the CFPP was closed, median concentrations of GEM, GOM, and PBM apportioned to the CFPP factor significantly decreased by 25%, 74%, and 67%, respectively, compared to those measured when the CFPP was still in operation (Mann-Whitney test, p<0.001). Conditional probability function (CPF) analysis showed the greatest reduction in all three Hg species was associated with northwesterly winds pointing toward the CFPP. These changes were clearly attributable to the closure of the CFPP.

36

On molecular transport effects in real gas laminar diffusion flames at large pressure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Direct numerical simulations are conducted of unsteady exothermic and one-dimensional laminar diffusionflames at large pressures. The simulations are used to assess the impact of molecular diffusion and real gas effects under high pressure conditions with simplified chemical kinetics. The formulation includes the fully compressible form of the governing equations real gas effects modeled by the cubic PengRobinson equation of state and a generalized form of the Soret and Dufour mass and heat diffusion vectors derived from nonequilibrium thermodynamics and fluctuation theory. The cross diffusion fluxes are derived for a ternary species system and include the effects of both heat and mass diffusion in the presence of temperature concentration and pressure gradients (i.e. Soret and Dufour diffusion). The ternary species formulation is applied to a simplified single step reaction elucidating molecular and thermodynamic effects apparent in general combustion. Realistic models for pressure temperature and species dependent heat capacities viscosities thermal conductivities and mass diffusivities are also included. Three different model reactions are simulated both including and neglecting Soret and Dufour cross diffusion. The simulation results show that Soret and Dufour effects are negligible for reactions comprised of species with equal or near equal molecular weights. However Soret diffusion effects are apparent when species with nonequal molecular weights are involved in the reaction and result in reductions of the peak flame temperature. In addition it is shown that neglect of cross diffusion leads to deviations in the predicted flame thicknesses with under predictions for a hydrogen-oxygen system and over predictions for a heavy hydrocarbon reaction. These effects are explained in detail through examinations of the individual heat and mass flux vectors as well as through associated thermodynamic properties. A parametric study addresses the effects of the ambient pressure the initial flame Reynolds number the Damkohler number and the heat release parameter.

Sridhar Palle; Christopher Nolan; Richard S. Miller

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

VERY LARGE ARRAY DETECTION OF THE 36 GHz ZEEMAN EFFECT IN DR21W REVISITED  

SciTech Connect

We report on the observation of the 36 GHz methanol maser line in the star-forming region DR21W to accurately measure the Zeeman effect. The Zeeman signature reported by Fish et al. became suspicious after an instrumental effect was discovered in the early days of the commissioning of the Very Large Array Wide-band Digital Architecture correlator. We conclude that the previously reported magnetic field strength of 58 mG (1.7 Hz mG{sup -1}/z) is instrumental in nature and thus incorrect. With the improved performance of the array, we now deduce a 3{sigma} limit of -4.7 to +0.4 mG (1.7 Hz mG{sup -1}/z) for the line-of-sight component of the magnetic field strength in DR21W.

Momjian, Emmanuel; Sjouwerman, Lorant O. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box O, 1003 Lopezville Road, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Fish, Vincent L., E-mail: emomjian@nrao.edu [MIT Haystack Observatory, Route 40, Westford, MA 01886 (United States)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

38

book reviews Climate Changeon the Great Lakes Basin. 1992.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,personal communication). The second paper, "Effects of Climate Change on the Water Resources of the Great is a compilation of five papers presented at the Symposium of Climate Change on the Great Lakes Basin held as part- ested in learning more a out climate change issues andstudiesintheGreatL kesisadvisedtoconsultthe

39

Large-scale experimental landscapes reveal distinctive effects of patch shape and connectivity on arthropod communities.  

SciTech Connect

The size, shape, and isolation of habitat patches can affect organism behavior and population dynamics, but little is known about the relative role of shape and connectivity in affecting ecological communities at large spatial scales. Using six sampling sessions from July 2001 until August 2002, we collected 33,685 arthropods throughout seven 12-ha experimental landscapes consisting of clear-cut patches surrounded by a matrix of mature pine forest. Patches were explicitly designed to manipulate connectivity (via habitat corridors) independently of area and edge effects. We found that patch shape, rather than connectivity, affected ground-dwelling arthropod richness and beta diversity (i.e. turnover of genera among patches). Arthropod communities contained fewer genera and exhibited less turnover in high-edge connected and high-edge unconnected patches relative to low-edge unconnected patches of similar area. Connectivity, rather than patch shape, affected the evenness of ground-dwelling arthropod communities; regardless of patch shape, high-edge connected patches had lower evenness than low- or high-edge unconnected patches. Among the most abundant arthropod orders, increased richness in low-edge unconnected patches was largely due to increased richness of Coleoptera, whereas Hymenoptera played an important role in the lower evenness in connected patches and patterns of turnover. These findings suggest that anthropogenic habitat alteration can have distinct effects on ground-dwelling arthropod communities that arise due to changes in shape and connectivity. Moreover, this work suggests that corridors, which are common conservation tools that change both patch shape and connectivity, can have multiple effects on arthropod communities via different mechanisms, and each effect may alter components of community structure.

Orrock, John, L.; Curler, Gregory, R.; Danielson, Brent, J.; Coyle, David. R.

2011-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

40

Newsletter Southern Great Plains  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

primary component of natural gas, is the second most important contributor to the greenhouse effect (after carbon dioxide). Natural sources of methane include wetlands, fossil...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Southern Great Plains  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

This positive feedback, along with carbon dioxide, is responsible for the greenhouse effect and operates virtually continuously in the atmosphere. However, water in the...

42

GREAT LAKES ENVIRONMENTAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

does not constitute an endorsement by NOAA/ERL. Use for publicity or advertising purposes ecosystems. Suchprocessesaffectthe fateand effects of pollutants,the cyclingand through-putof nutrients

43

Spin-resolved Fano resonances induced large spin Seebeck effects in graphene-carbon-chain junctions  

SciTech Connect

We propose a high-efficiency thermospin device constructed by a carbon atomic chain sandwiched between two ferromagnetic (FM) zigzag graphene nanoribbon electrodes. In the low-temperature regime, the magnitude of the spin figure of merit is nearly equal to that of the corresponding charge figure of merit. This is attributed to the appearances of spin-resolved Fano resonances in the linear conductance spectrum resulting from the quantum interference effects between the localized states and the expanded states. The spin-dependent Seebeck effect is obviously enhanced near these Fano resonances with the same spin index; meanwhile, the Seebeck effect of the other spin component has a smaller value due to the smooth changing of the linear conductance with the spin index. Thus, a large spin Seebeck effect is achieved, and the magnitude of the spin figure of merit can reach 1.2 at T?=?25?K. Our results indicate that the FM graphene-carbon-chain junctions can be used to design the high-efficiency thermospin devices.

Liu, Yu-Shen; Zhang, Xue; Feng, Jin-Fu, E-mail: fengjinfu@cslg.edu.cn [Jiangsu Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials and College of Physics and Engineering, Changshu Institute of Technology, Changshu 215500 (China); Wang, Xue-Feng, E-mail: xf-wang1969@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006 (China)

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

44

A. Gershunov R. Roca Coupling of latent heat flux and the greenhouse effect by large-scale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A. Gershunov ? R. Roca Coupling of latent heat flux and the greenhouse effect by large Abstract Coupled variability of the greenhouse effect (GH) and latent heat flux (LHF) over the tropical of convection) form regions of strong greenhouse effect in tropical convergence zones while subtropical high

45

Forest landscape models, a tool for understanding the effect of the large-scale and long-term landscape processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Editorial Forest landscape models, a tool for understanding the effect of the large-scale and long-term landscape processes Forest landscape models have become important tools for understanding large-scale and long-term landscape (spatial) processes such as climate change, fire, windthrow, seed dispersal, insect

He, Hong S.

46

Primordial Magnetic Field Effects on the CMB and Large Scale Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic fields are everywhere in nature and they play an important role in every astronomical environment which involves the formation of plasma and currents. It is natural therefore to suppose that magnetic fields could be present in the turbulent high temperature environment of the big bang. Such a primordial magnetic field (PMF) would be expected to manifest itself in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature and polarization anisotropies, and also in the formation of large- scale structure. In this review we summarize the theoretical framework which we have developed to calculate the PMF power spectrum to high precision. Using this formulation, we summarize calculations of the effects of a PMF which take accurate quantitative account of the time evolution of the cut off scale. We review the constructed numerical program, which is without approximation, and an improvement over the approach used in a number of previous works for studying the effect of the PMF on the cosmological perturbations. We demonstrate how the PMF is an important cosmological physical process on small scales. We also summarize the current constraints on the PMF amplitude $B_\\lambda$ and the power spectral index $n_B$ which have been deduced from the available CMB observational data by using our computational framework.

Dai G. Yamazaki; Kiyotomo Ichiki; Toshitaka Kajino; Grant J. Mathew

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

47

Building and Environment, Vol. 11, pp. 15-28. Pergamon Press 1976. Printed in Great Britain I I I I I The Effects of Wind on People;  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are not con- cerned with extreme wind conditions such as occur on ships or on mountains. These are the first I The Effects of Wind on People; New Criteria Based on Wind Tunnel Experiments J. C. R. HUNT* E. C. POULTONt J. C. MUMFORD~ Experiments on the effects of wind on people are described. About 40 people were

Hunt, Julian

48

Inr .I. Heor Mass Transfer. Vol. 14. pp. 751-766. Pergamon Press 1971 Printed in Great Britain THE EFFECT OF THERMAL DISTORTION ON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the thermal contact resistance between two semi-infinite solids of different materials. Good agreement THE EFFECT OF THERMAL DISTORTION ON CONSTRICTION RESISTANCE J. R. BARBER Department of Mechanical Engineering ; "9 Poisson's ratio ; P, thermal contact resistance ; 0, direct stress. Subscripts 0, interface

Barber, James R.

49

The effects of metal and nutrient addition on Ribbed Mussels, Geukensia demissa, in the Great Sippewissett Salt Marsh and Eel Pond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the potential effects of nutrient loading and heavy metal pollution on salt marshes, researchers established highly contaminated with heavy metals. Nutrient additions did not promote or deter the health of mussels Marsh plots, perhaps a result of metal contamination. Keywords Salt marsh, nutrients, heavy metals

Vallino, Joseph J.

50

Grassland carbon and nitrogen dynamics: effects of seasonal fire and clipping in a mixed-grass prairie of the southern great plains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

influenced by climate. They may also be modulated by the timing and intensity of disturbances such as fire and clipping. We assessed the relative influence of climate and disturbance on plant community and soil C and N dynamics. Combined effects of fire...

Harris, Wylie Neal

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

51

Great Cities Institute Comparative Urbanisms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Great Cities Institute Comparative Urbanisms Seminar Series Governance and Social Innovation those "socially innovative strategies" undertaken by citizens in different European cities, identity, governance and social innovation. Her upcoming publications include "Multilevel Governance

Illinois at Chicago, University of

52

Great Clips Green Spoon Cafe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Great Clips Green Spoon Cafe The Hole Sports Lounge Hong Kong Noodle Jamba Juice Jasmine Orchid's Hair Salon Smokedale Tobacco Sport Clips Starbucks Stub and Herb's TCF Bank The Tea Garden Tea House

Dahlberg, E. Dan

53

Wakes in very large wind farms and the effect of neighbouring wind farms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the first analysis of wake losses in some of the largest offshore wind farms built to date. In addition, we give an example of the external wake losses that can be imposed by a neighbouring wind farm. Both situations lend insights to the wake phenomena in large offshore wind farm clusters. A simple wake model is compared to the data to assess the need for a more detailed physical description of large wind farm wakes.

Nicolai Gayle Nygaard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

The effect of a large resuspension event in Southern Lake Michigan on the short-term cycling of organic contaminants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 The effect of a large resuspension event in Southern Lake Michigan on the short-term cycling intensive campaigns before and after the resuspension event and 2) settling sediment collected using a time from increased gas-phase deposition due to the resuspension event was 8 kg for PCBs and 2200 kg

NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Episodic Events

55

Why Sequence Great Salt Lake?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Great Salt Lake? Great Salt Lake? On average, the Great Salt Lake is four times saltier than the ocean and also has heavy metals, high concentrations of sulfur and petroleum seeps. In spite of all this, the lake is the saltiest body of water to support life. The lake hosts brine shrimp, algae and a diverse array of microbes, not to mention the roughly 5 million birds that migrate there annually. The secret to these microbes' ability to survive under such harsh conditions might be revealed in their genes. Researchers expect the genetic data will provide insight into how the microorganisms tolerate pollutants such as sulfur and detoxify pollutants such as sulfur and heavy metals like mercury. The information could then be used to develop bioremediation techniques. Researchers also expect that sequencing microorganisms sampled

56

Great Basin | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Great Basin Great Basin Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Great Basin Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (0) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.609920257001,"lon":-114.0380859375,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

57

The Great Gas Hydrate Escape  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Great Gas Great Gas Hydrate Escape The Great Gas Hydrate Escape Computer simulations revealing how methane and hydrogen pack into gas hydrates could enlighten alternative fuel production and carbon dioxide storage January 25, 2012 | Tags: Carver, Chemistry, Energy Technologies, Hopper, Materials Science PNNL Contact: Mary Beckman , +1 509 375-3688, mary.beckman@pnl.gov NERSC Contact: Linda Vu, +1 510 495 2402, lvu@lbl.gov The methane trapped in frozen water burns easily, creating ice on fire. For some time, researchers have explored flammable ice for low-carbon or alternative fuel or as a place to store carbon dioxide. Now, a computer analysis of the ice and gas compound, known as a gas hydrate, reveals key details of its structure. The results show that hydrates can hold hydrogen

58

Environmental Effects and Its Assessment for Shale Gas Large-Scale Development of China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Shale gas is a new kind of unconventional gas and can be used with a environmental acceptable way with high energy efficiency. The large-scale development of shale gas in china will contribute to energy structure referring both in supply and demand as ...

Jian Wang, Zihan Liu, Shubin Wang

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Effect of tab design on large-format Li-ion cell performance , Gang Luo b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model a b s t r a c t Large-format Li-ion batteries are essential for vehicle and grid energy storage. Today, scale-up of Li-ion cells has not maximized the potential of available battery materials, leading a sustainable energy future. How to unlock the potential of existing Li battery materials and scale up Li-ion

60

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VERY LARGE SCALE INTEGRATION (VLSI) SYSTEMS 1 Incorporating Hot Carrier Injection Effects into  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's supply voltages, HC effects would almost disappear as car- riers cannot gain enough energy when approach for the nominal case. At the transistor level, a multi-mode energy- driven model for nanometer) effects in MOSFETs are caused by the acceleration of carriers (electrons or holes) under lateral electric

Sapatnekar, Sachin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Great Plains Ethanol | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Great Plains Ethanol Jump to: navigation, search Name: Great Plains Ethanol Place: Chancellor, South Dakota Zip: 57015 Product: Limited liability company owned by its 500 members...

62

Behavioral ecology and conservation of large mammals: historical distribution, reintroduction and the effects of fragmented habitat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, including effects of migration corridors; (2) identification of possible predators of the reintroduced species; and (3) a post-reintroduction assessment including an evaluation of the species' population dynamics. In this study I examine the suitability...

Gilad, Oranit

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

63

Effectiveness of R&D tax incentives in small and large enterprises in Qubec  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we evaluate the effectiveness of R&D tax incentives in Quebec, using manufacturing firm data from 1997 to 2003 originating from R&D surveys, annual surveys of manufactures and administrative data. T...

Rufin Baghana; Pierre Mohnen

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Finite element analysis and design of large diameter flexible vertical pipes subjected to incremental compacted backfill loads and creep effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS AND DESiGN OF LARGE DIANETER FLEXIBLE VERTICAL PIPES SUBJECTED TO INCREMENTAL COMPACTED BACKFILL LOADS AND CREEP EFFECTS A Thesis by MOHAMMAD KABIR HOSSAIN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A... BACKFILL LOADS AND CREEP EFFECTS A Thesis by MOHAMMAD KABIR HOSSAIN Approved as to sty1e and content by: R be+r L. Lytton (Chair of Committee) Ozden 0. Ochoa (Member) Derek V. Morris (Member) ames T P Yao (Head of rtment) ABSTRACT Finite...

Hossain, Mohammad Kabir

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

65

PIV study of the effect of piston position on the in-cylinder swirling flow during the scavenging process in large two-stroke marine diesel engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simplified model of a low speed large two-stroke marine diesel engine cylinder is developed. The effect of piston...

S. Haider; T. Schnipper; A. Obeidat

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Effects of Data Resolution and Human Behavior on Large Scale Evacuation Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traffic Analysis Zones (TAZ) based macroscopic simulation studies are mostly applied in evacuation planning and operation areas. The large size in TAZ and aggregated information of macroscopic simulation underestimate the real evacuation performance. To take advantage of the high resolution demographic data LandScan USA (the zone size is much smaller than TAZ) and agent-based microscopic traffic simulation models, many new problems appeared and novel solutions are needed. A series of studies are conducted using LandScan USA Population Cells (LPC) data for evacuation assignments with different network configurations, travel demand models, and travelers compliance behavior. First, a new Multiple Source Nearest Destination Shortest Path (MSNDSP) problem is defined for generating Origin Destination matrix in evacuation assignments when using LandScan dataset. Second, a new agent-based traffic assignment framework using LandScan and TRANSIMS modules is proposed for evacuation planning and operation study. Impact a...

Lu, Wei

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Detection of the effect of cosmological large-scale structure on the orientation of galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Galaxies are not distributed randomly throughout space but are instead arranged in an intricate "cosmic web" of filaments and walls surrounding bubble-like voids. There is still no compelling observational evidence of a link between the structure of the cosmic web and how galaxies form within it. However, such a connection is expected on the basis of our understanding of the origin of galaxy angular momentum: disk galaxies should be highly inclined relative to the plane defined by the large-scale structure surrounding them. Using the two largest galaxy redshift surveys currently in existence (2dFGRS and SDSS) we show at the 99.7% confident level that these alignments do indeed exist: spiral galaxies located on the shells of the largest cosmic voids have rotation axes that lie preferentially on the void surface.

Ignacio Trujillo; Conrado Carretero; Santiago G. Patiri

2005-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

68

Large-deviation principles, stochastic effective actions, path entropies, and the structure and meaning of thermodynamic descriptions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The meaning of thermodynamic descriptions is found in large-deviations scaling of the fluctuations probabilities. The primary large-deviations rate function is the entropy, which is the basis for both fluctuation theorems and for characterizing the thermodynamic interactions of systems. Freidlin-Wentzell theory provides a general formulation of large-deviations scaling for non-equilibrium stochastic processes, through a representation in terms of a Hamiltonian dynamical system. A number of related methods now exist to construct the Freidlin-Wentzell Hamiltonian for many kinds of stochastic processes; one method due to Doi and Peliti, appropriate to integer counting statistics, is widely used in reaction-diffusion theory. Using these tools together with a path-entropy method due to Jaynes, we show how to construct entropy functions that both express large-deviations scaling of fluctuations, and describe system-environment interactions, for discrete stochastic processes either at or away from equilibrium. A collection of variational methods familiar within quantum field theory, but less commonly applied to the Doi-Peliti construction, is used to define a "stochastic effective action", which is the large-deviations rate function for arbitrary non-equilibrium paths. We show how common principles of entropy maximization, applied to different ensembles of states or of histories, lead to different entropy functions and different sets of thermodynamic state variables. Yet the relations of among all these levels of description may be constructed explicitly and understood in terms of information conditions. The example systems considered introduce methods that may be used to systematically construct descriptions with all the features familiar from equilibrium thermodynamics, for a much wider range of systems describable by stochastic processes.

Eric Smith

2011-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

69

Measuring the effectiveness of infrastructure-level detection of large-scale botnets  

SciTech Connect

Botnets are one of the most serious security threats to the Internet and its end users. In recent years, utilizing P2P as a Command and Control (C&C) protocol has gained popularity due to its decentralized nature that can help hide the hotmaster's identity. Most bot detection approaches targeting P2P botnets either rely on behavior monitoring or traffic flow and packet analysis, requiring fine-grained information collected locally. This requirement limits the scale of detection. In this paper, we consider detection of P2P botnets at a high-level - the infrastructure level - by exploiting their structural properties from a graph analysis perspective. Using three different P2P overlay structures, we measure the effectiveness of detecting each structure at various locations (the Autonomous System (AS), the Point of Presence (PoP), and the router rendezvous) in the Internet infrastructure.

Yan, Guanhua [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Eidenbenz, Stephan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zeng, Yuanyuan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shin, Kang G [UNIV OF MICHIGAN

2010-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

70

J/psi Photo-production at Large z in Soft Collinear Effective Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the outstanding problems in J/\\psi physics is a systematic understanding of the differential photo-production cross section dsigma/dz(gamma + p -> J/psi + X), where z= E_psi/E_gamma in the proton rest frame. The theoretical prediction based on the non-relativistic QCD (NRQCD) factorization formalism has a color-octet contribution which grows rapidly in the endpoint region, z -> 1, spoiling perturbation theory. In addition there are subleading operators which are enhanced by powers of 1/(1-z) and they must be resummed to all orders. Here an update of a systematic analysis is presented. The approach used to organize the endpoint behavior of the photo-production cross section is based on a combination of NRQCD and soft collinear effective theory. While a final result is not yet available, an intermediate result indicates that better agreement between theory and data will be achieved in this framework.

Sean Fleming; Adam K. Leibovich; Thomas Mehen

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

71

Impossibility of large phase shifts via the giant Kerr effect with single-photon wave packets  

SciTech Connect

An approximate analytical solution is presented, along with numerical calculations, for a system of two single-photon wave packets interacting via an ideal, localized Kerr medium. It is shown that, because of spontaneous emission into the initially unoccupied temporal modes, the cross-phase-modulation in the Schroedinger picture is very small as long as the spectral width of the single-photon pulses is well within the medium's bandwidth. In this limit, the Hamiltonian used can be derived from the 'giant Kerr effect' for a four-level atom, under conditions of electromagnetically induced transparency; it is shown explicitly that the linear absorption in this system increases as the pulse's spectral width approaches the medium's transparency bandwidth, and hence, as long as the absorption probability remains small, the maximum cross-phase-modulation is limited to essentially useless values. These results are in agreement with the general, causality-based, and unitarity-based arguments of Shapiro and Razavi [J. H. Shapiro, Phys. Rev. A 73, 062305 (2006); J. H. Shapiro and M. Razavi, New J. Phys. 9, 16 (2007)].

Gea-Banacloche, Julio [Department of Physics, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 (United States)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

72

Sound speed of scalar field dark energy: weak effects and large uncertainties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possibility of reconstruction of Lagrangian for the scalar field dark energy with constant effective sound speed $c_s$ is analyzed. The value of $c_s$ is estimated together with other dark energy parameters ($\\Omega_{de}$, $w_0$, $c_a^2$) and rest of cosmological parameters on the basis of data including Planck-2013 results on CMB anisotropy, BAO distance ratios from recent galaxy surveys, magnitude-redshift relations for distant SNe Ia from SNLS3 and Union2.1 compilations and the HST determination of the Hubble constant. For main dark energy and cosmological parameters the following best-fit values and 2$\\sigma$ confidence limits are obtained: $\\Omega_{de}=0.723^{+0.018}_{-0.025}$, $w_0=-1.176^{+0.141}_{-0.128}$, $c_a^2=-1.509^{+0.370}_{-0.102}$, $\\Omega_bh^2=0.0221\\pm0.0005$, $\\Omega_{cdm}h^2=0.119^{+0.005}_{-0.003}$, $h=0.715^{+0.026}_{-0.028}$, $n_s=0.962^{+0.010}_{-0.014}$, $A_s=(2.209^{+0.102}_{-0.112})\\cdot10^{-9}$, $\\tau_{rei}=0.093^{+0.022}_{-0.029}$. It is shown that no value of $c_s$ from the r...

Sergijenko, Olga

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Great Britain | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Britain Britain Dataset Summary Description The windspeed database provides estimates of mean annual wind speed throughout the UK, averaged over a 1-kilometer square area, at each of the following three heights above ground level (agl): 10 meters, 25 meters, and 45 meters. The windspeed database is available through the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) website, and is provided for archive purposes only. The database is comprised of historic information, including results derived from mathematical models, so it should not be considered to be measured data, or up to date or accurate. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released December 31st, 2000 (13 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords archive Great Britain Northern Ireland

74

Implementing effect of energy efficiency supervision system for government office buildings and large-scale public buildings in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Chinese central government released a document to initiate a task of energy efficiency supervision system construction for government office buildings and large-scale public buildings in 2007, which marks the overall start of existing buildings energy efficiency management in China with the government office buildings and large-scale public buildings as a breakthrough. This paper focused on the implementing effect in the demonstration region all over China for less than one year, firstly introduced the target and path of energy efficiency supervision system, then described the achievements and problems during the implementing process in the first demonstration provinces and cities. A certain data from the energy efficiency public notice in some typical demonstration provinces and cities were analyzed statistically. It can be concluded that different functional buildings have different energy consumption and the average energy consumption of large-scale public buildings is too high in China compared with the common public buildings and residential buildings. The obstacles need to be overcome afterward were summarized and the prospects for the future work were also put forward in the end.

Jing Zhao; Yong Wu; Neng Zhu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Steam driven large multi effect MVC (SD MVC) desalination process for lower energy consumption and desalination costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been published and demonstrated in operating plants that the low-temperature multi effect desalination process (LT MED) when operated on turbine backpressure steam requires minimal energy consumption yielding specific desalination energy costs approaching values of optimal RO energy costs. However due to variations in electricity demand, the operation of large steam turbines at base load is in most cases impractical. As a result, in order to allow variations in electricity supply and full capacity of the desalination extraction, steam extracted from the turbines at higher pressures than the back pressure is commonly used. The extraction steam pressure of these turbines is in the range of 1.54.5 barg. (Typically as required for process steam at refineries and for MSF desalination plants). The LT MED process when utilizing such extraction steam incorporates thermo compressors (steam ejectors) in order to take advantage of the excessive extraction steam pressure, thereby increasing the economy ratio of the MED (decreasing energy consumption). Thermo compressors (ejectors) as a rule have a relatively low adiabatic efficiency, thus limiting the potential of the MED to increase the economy ratio even more. In this paper an approach of using a novel large centrifugal compressor driven by an auxiliary steam turbine utilizing the extraction steam is incorporated instead of the thermo compressor for large LT MED plants. The centrifugal compressor and auxiliary turbine having a much higher efficiency than the thermo compressor results in significant energy savings, thus lowering the desalination costs. This paper will also describe the thermodynamic advantages, the specific investment and desalination costs comparison, and the resulting desalination cost reduction potential of the steam-driven multi effect MVC process.

A. Ophir; A. Gendel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Hydrogeochemical Indicators for Great Basin Geothemal Resources  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Hydrogeochemical Indicators for Great Basin Geothemal Resources presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

77

Why sequence thermophiles in Great Basin hot springs?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

thermophiles in Great Basin hot springs? thermophiles in Great Basin hot springs? A thermophile is an organism that thrives in extremely hot temperature conditions. These conditions are found in the Great Basin hot springs, where the organisms have been exposed to unique conditions which guide their lifecycle. High temperature environments often support large and diverse populations of microorganisms, which appear to be hot spots of biological innovation of carbon fixation. Sequencing these microbes that make their home in deadly heat could provide various insights into understanding energy production and carbon cycling. Converting cellulosic biomass to ethanol is one of the most promising strategies to reduce petroleum consumption in the near future. This can only be achieved by enhancing recovery of fermentable sugars from complex

78

Effects of Volcanism, Crustal Thickness, and Large Scale Faulting on the Development and Evolution of Geothermal Systems: Collaborative Project in Chile  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Effects of Volcanism, Crustal Thickness, and Large Scale Faulting on the Development and Evolution of Geothermal Systems: Collaborative Project in Chile presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

79

Great Lakes | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lakes Lakes Dataset Summary Description This dataset is a geographic shapefile generated from the original raster data. The original raster data resolution is a 200-meter cell size. Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Date Released August 19th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated August 23rd, 2010 (4 years ago) Keywords GIS Great Lakes NREL offshore wind shapefile U.S. wind windspeed Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 11.8 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment DISCLAIMER NOTICE This GIS data was developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory ("NREL"), which is operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE"). The user is granted the right, without any fee or cost, to use, copy, modify, alter, enhance and distribute this data for any purpose whatsoever, provided that this entire notice appears in all copies of the data. Further, the user of this data agrees to credit NREL in any publications or software that incorporate or use the data. Access to and use of the GIS data shall further impose the following obligations on the User. The names DOE/NREL may not be used in any advertising or publicity to endorse or promote any product or commercial entity using or incorporating the GIS data unless specific written authorization is obtained from DOE/NREL. The User also understands that DOE/NREL shall not be obligated to provide updates, support, consulting, training or assistance of any kind whatsoever with regard to the use of the GIS data. THE GIS DATA IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL DOE/NREL BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO CLAIMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE LOSS OF DATA OR PROFITS, WHICH MAY RESULT FROM AN ACTION IN CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS CLAIM THAT ARISES OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE ACCESS OR USE OF THE GIS DATA. The User acknowledges that access to the GIS data is subject to U.S. Export laws and regulations and any use or transfer of the GIS data must be authorized under those regulations. The User shall not use, distribute, transfer, or transmit GIS data or any products incorporating the GIS data except in compliance with U.S. export regulations. If requested by DOE/NREL, the User agrees to sign written assurances and other export-related documentation as may be required to comply with U.S. export regulations. DISCLAIMER NOTICE This GIS data was developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory ("NREL"), which is operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE"). The user is granted the right, without any fee or cost, to use, copy, modify, alter, enhance and distribute this data for any purpose whatsoever, provided that this entire notice appears in all copies of the data. Further, the user of this data agrees to credit NREL in any publications or software that incorporate or use the data. Access to and use of the GIS data shall further impose the following obligations on the User. The names DOE/NREL may not be used in any advertising or publicity to endorse or promote any product or commercial entity using or incorporating the GIS data unless specific written authorization is obtained from DOE/NREL. The User also understands that DOE/NREL shall not be obligated to provide updates, support, consulting, training or assistance of any kind whatsoever with regard to the use of the GIS data. THE GIS DATA IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL DOE/NREL BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO CLAIMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE LOSS OF DATA OR PROFITS, WHICH MAY RESULT FROM AN ACTION IN CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS CLAIM THAT ARISES OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE ACCESS OR USE OF THE GIS DATA. The User acknowledges that access to the GIS data is subject to U.S. Export laws and regulations and any use or transfer of the GIS data must be authorized under those regulations. The User shall not use, distribute, transfer, or transmit GIS data or any products incorporating the GIS data except in compliance with U.S. export regulations. If requested by DOE/NREL, the User agrees to sign written assurances and other export-related documentation as may be required to comply with U.S. export regulations.

80

Upper Great Plains Rates information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rates and Repayment Services Rates and Repayment Services Rates 2010 Firm Power Rate (effective January 1, 2010) Rate Adjustments 2010 Firm Power Rate Adjustment 2009 Firm Power Rate Adjustment IS Rate Adjustments Rate Adjustment Process Rate Orders Signed, December 23, 2009 (16kb pdf) Announcements Firm Electric Service Customer Letter - Preliminary Review of Drought Adder Component, June 27, 2013 (74kb pdf) Customer Letter - Final Notice of Drought Adder Component, October 2, 2013 (68kb pdf) Integrated System (IS) Rates 2014 IS Rates Customer Information Meeting Presentation, October 15, 2013 (611kb pdf) Customer Letter - Notification of 2014 Rates, September 13, 2013 (160kb pdf) 2014 Transmission and Ancillary Services Rate Calculation and 2012 Rate True-up Calculation (4.9mb pdf) 2013 IS Rates

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Novel Isotope Effects on the Pairing Pseudogap in High-$T_{c}$ Cuprates: Evidences for Polaronic Metal and Precursor BCS-Like Pairing of Large Polarons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have studied the novel isotope effects on the pairing pseudogap in underdoped and optimally doped cuprates within the large-polaron model and two non-standard BCS-like approaches. We have shown that in the intermediate-coupling regime the precursor pairing of large polarons occurs at a mean-field temperature $T^{\\ast}>T_{c}$ and the near-absent, sizable and very large oxygen and copper isotope effects on $T^{\\ast}$ exist in cuprates with small and large Fermi surfaces. Our results for $T^{\\ast}$, isotope shifts and exponents in slightly underdoped and optimally doped cuprates are in quantitative agreement with existing experiments and explain the discrepancy between various experiments.

S. Dzhumanov; O. K. Ganiev; Sh. S. Djumanov

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

The bulking effect of dietary fiber in the rat large intestine: an in vivo study of cellulose, guar, pectin, wheat bran and oat bran  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE BULKING EFFECT OF DIETARY FIBER IN THE RAT LARGE INTESTINE: AN IN VIVO STUDY OF CELLULOSE, GUAR, PECTIN, WHEAT BRAN AND OAT BRAN A Thesis by JEANNE MARIE GAZZANIGA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1985 Major Subject: Nutrition THE BULKING EFFECT OF DIETARY FIBER IN THE RAT LARGE INTESTINE: AN IN VIVO STUDY OF CELLULOSE, GUAR, PECTIN, WHEAT BRAN AND OAT BRAN A Thesis...

Gazzaniga, Jeanne Marie

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

The Third Gravitational Lensing Accuracy Testing (GREAT3) Challenge Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The GRavitational lEnsing Accuracy Testing 3 (GREAT3) challenge is the third in a series of image analysis challenges, with a goal of testing and facilitating the development of methods for analyzing astronomical images that will be used to measure weak gravitational lensing. This measurement requires extremely precise estimation of very small galaxy shape distortions, in the presence of far larger intrinsic galaxy shapes and distortions due to the blurring kernel caused by the atmosphere, telescope optics, and instrumental effects. The GREAT3 challenge is posed to the astronomy, machine learning, and statistics communities, and includes tests of three specific effects that are of immediate relevance to upcoming weak lensing surveys, two of which have never been tested in a community challenge before. These effects include realistically complex galaxy models based on high-resolution imaging from space; spatially varying blurring kernel; and combination of multiple different exposures. To facilitate entry by p...

Mandelbaum, Rachel; Bosch, James; Chang, Chihway; Courbin, Frederic; Gill, Mandeep; Jarvis, Mike; Kannawadi, Arun; Kacprzak, Tomasz; Lackner, Claire; Leauthaud, Alexie; Miyatake, Hironao; Nakajima, Reiko; Rhodes, Jason; Simet, Melanie; Zuntz, Joe; Armstrong, Bob; Bridle, Sarah; Coupon, Jean; Dietrich, Jrg P; Gentile, Marc; Heymans, Catherine; Jurling, Alden S; Kent, Stephen M; Kirkby, David; Margala, Daniel; Massey, Richard; Melchior, Peter; Peterson, John; Roodman, Aaron; Schrabback, Tim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Effective dose calculations in conventional diagnostic X-ray examinations for adult and paediatric patients in a large Italian hospital  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......paediatric patients in a large Italian hospital Gaetano Compagnone Laura Pagan Carlo...Physics Department, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Via Massarenti 9, 40138 Bologna...radioprotection of the patient. In our hospital, eight radiological departments and......

Gaetano Compagnone; Laura Pagan; Carlo Bergamini

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

An effective approach to choosing project, program and portfolio management software at a large and geographically diverse company  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Selecting and deploying an IT tool can be very complicated and expensive. This paper studies a particular approach to choosing project, program and portfolio management software at one large and geographically diverse ...

Brost, Missy M. (Missy Marie)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

The Local Structure of Atmospheric Turbulence and Its Effect on the Smagorinsky Model for Large Eddy Simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Phenomena such as large-scale shear, buoyancy, and the proximity to the ground surface significantly affect interactions among scales in atmospheric boundary layer turbulent flows. Hence, these phenomena impact parameters that enter subgrid-scale ...

Marcelo Chamecki; Charles Meneveau; Marc B. Parlange

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

The effects of juniper removal on rainfall partitioning in the Edwards Aquifer region: large-scale rainfall simulation experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fault zone, and a confined area of both fresh and saline water zones. The Edwards Aquifer is also one of the most productive carbonate aquifers in the United States, with large porosity and high permeability due to limestone dissolution... fault zone, and a confined area of both fresh and saline water zones. The Edwards Aquifer is also one of the most productive carbonate aquifers in the United States, with large porosity and high permeability due to limestone dissolution...

Taucer, Philip Isaiah

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

88

Analysis of the Potential for a Heat Island Effect in Large Solar Vasilis Fthenakis1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract -- Large-scale solar power plants are being built at a rapid rate, and are setting up to use utility scale PV plant and the surrounding region. The results from these simulations can be extrapolated hundreds of thousands of acres of land surface. The thermal energy flows to the environment related

89

The Effect of a Large Freshwater Perturbation on the Glacial North Atlantic Ocean Using a Coupled General Circulation Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The commonly held view of the conditions in the North Atlantic at the last glacial maximum, based on the interpretation of proxy records, is of large-scale cooling compared to today, limited deep convection, and extensive sea ice, all associated ...

C. D. Hewitt; A. J. Broccoli; M. Crucifix; J. M. Gregory; J. F. B. Mitchell; R. J. Stouffer

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Surface summertime radiative forcing by shallow cumuli at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Southern Great Plains site  

SciTech Connect

Although shallow cumuli are common over large areas of the globe, their impact on the surface radiative forcing has not been carefully evaluated. This study addresses this shortcoming by analyzing data from days with shallow cumuli collected over eight summers (2000-2007) at the U.S. Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility (collectively ACRF) Southern Great Plains site. During periods with clouds, the average shortwave and longwave radiative forcings are 45.5 W m-2 and +11.6 W m-2, respectively. The forcing has been defined so that a negative (positive) forcing indicates a surface cooling (warming). On average, the shortwave forcing is negative, however, instances with positive shortwave forcing are observed approximately 20% of the time. These positive values of shortwave forcing are associated with three-dimensional radiative effects of the clouds. The three-dimensional effects are shown to be largest for intermediate cloud amounts. The magnitude of the three-dimensional effects decreased with averaging time, but it is not negligibly small even for large averaging times as long as four hours.

Berg, Larry K.; Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Long, Charles N.; Mills Jr., David L.

2011-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

91

Great River Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Great River Energy Great River Energy Place Minnesota Utility Id 7570 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Great_River_Energy&oldid=410764"

92

GreatPoint Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GreatPoint Energy GreatPoint Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name GreatPoint Energy Address 222 Third Street Place Cambridge, Massachusetts Zip 02142 Sector Biomass Product Converts coal, petroleum coke and biomass into natural gas Website http://www.greatpointenergy.co Coordinates 42.3672873°, -71.0814466° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.3672873,"lon":-71.0814466,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

93

Making Great Posters for Research Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Making Great Posters for Research Applications November 2011 Kelvin Smith Library Creating the engine to drive the world's most powerful learning environment. #12;Purpose Purpose of a Poster grammatical errors, complex or passive sentence structure, and misspellings which make a poster "hard to read

Rollins, Andrew M.

94

Motor-Vehicle Industry in Great Britain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... ACCORDING to an article in Engineering of January 31, new registrations of private cars in Great Britain in the first seven months of 1940 totalled only 30,200 ... month as the result of the ban on sales except by special permit. Exports of private cars from the United Kingdom in 1931 numbered 17,104; in 1937 the figure ...

1941-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

95

Conservation Assessment for Great-spurred Violet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conservation Assessment for Great-spurred Violet in the Black Hills National Forest, South Dakota Forest Service Rocky Mountain Region Black Hills National Forest Custer, South Dakota April 2003 #12. Reyher, and Carolyn Hull Sieg J. Hope Hornbeck is a Botanist with the Black Hills National Forest

96

Enhancement of magneto-optic effects via large atomic coherence in optically dense media RID B-9041-2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

measurements of the nonlinear Faraday effect in- volve an ensemble of atoms with ground-state Zeeman sub- levels interacting with a linearly polarized laser beam. In the absence of a magnetic field, the two circularly polarized components generate a..., and nonlinear optics at low light level PACS number~s!: 42.50.Gy, 07.55.Ge Resonant magneto-optic effects, such as the nonlinear Faraday and Voigt effects @1,2#, are important tools in high- precision laser spectroscopy. Applications to both fundamen- tal...

Sautenkov, V. A.; Lukin, M. D.; Bednar, CJ; Novikova, I.; Mikhailov, E.; Fleischhauer, M.; Velichansky, V. L.; Welch, George R.; Scully, Marlan O.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Effects of remedial numeracy instruction throughout kindergarten starting at different ages: Evidence from a large-scale longitudinal study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The aims of this study are to investigate the effects of remedial numeracy support throughout kindergarten, and to compare the effects of interventions from different lengths. Support occurred two times per week for either 1.5 (90 sessions: complete condition) or 0.5 school years (28 sessions: short condition). Below-average students were randomly assigned to complete intervention (N=155), short intervention (N=105), or control (systematically offered education-as-usual; N=150). Accounting for achievements at pretest, children who received one of the interventions outperformed the control children in early numeracy at post-test and follow-up, suggesting that children internalized the learned knowledge. Transfer effects on simple arithmetic were only found in the complete support group, whereas both interventions were effective for complex mathematics.

Sylke W.M. Toll; Johannes E.H. Van Luit

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Wind Effect, Recirculation and Thermal Flow Field of a Direct Air?cooled Condenser for a Large Power Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thermal effect experiments were carried out of a direct air?cooled system in the low speed wind tunnel. The influence of effect factors on recirculation is also discussion after that the relationship between the thermal flow field structure and recirculation ratio under the cooling tower is analyzed. At last the engineering measures to reduce or avoid recirculation are proposed. For certain conditions the experimental measurement shows close agreement with numerical values.

W. L. Zhao; P. Q. Liu; H. S. Duan; J. Y. Zhu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Complete Fuel Combustion for Diesel Engines Resulting in Greatly...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Complete Fuel Combustion for Diesel Engines Resulting in Greatly Reduced Emissions and Improved Fuel Efficiency Complete Fuel Combustion for Diesel Engines Resulting in Greatly...

100

Obama Administration and Great Lakes States Announce Agreement...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Great Lakes States Announce Agreement to Spur Development of Offshore Wind Projects Obama Administration and Great Lakes States Announce Agreement to Spur Development of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Multilayered YSZ/GZO films with greatly enhanced ionic conduction...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

YSZGZO films with greatly enhanced ionic conduction for low temperature solid oxide fuel cells. Multilayered YSZGZO films with greatly enhanced ionic conduction for...

102

EIS-0499: Great Northern Transmission Line Project, Minnesota...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

EIS-0499: Great Northern Transmission Line Project, Minnesota EIS-0499: Great Northern Transmission Line Project, Minnesota SUMMARY This EIS will evaluate the potential...

103

Great Lakes Biofuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Great Lakes Biofuels LLC Great Lakes Biofuels LLC Place Madison, Wisconsin Zip 53704 Sector Services Product Biodiesel research, consulting, management distribution and services company. Coordinates 43.07295°, -89.386694° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.07295,"lon":-89.386694,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

104

Great Plains Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Great Plains Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Great Plains Wind Farm Facility Great Plains Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Noble Environmental Developer Noble Environmental Location Hansford County TX Coordinates 36.285809°, -101.358662° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.285809,"lon":-101.358662,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

105

Effects of anharmonic vibration on large-angle quasi-elastic scattering of 16O+144Sm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effects of double octupole and quadrupole phonon excitations in the 144Sm nucleus on quasi-elastic 16O+144Sm scattering at backward angles. To this end, we use the coupled-channels framework, taking into account explicitly the anharmonicities of the vibrations. We use the same coupling scheme as that previously employed to explain the experimental data of sub-barrier fusion cross sections for the same system. We show that the experimental data for the quasi-elastic cross sections are well reproduced in this way, although the quasi-elastic barrier distribution has a distinct high energy peak which is somewhat smeared in the experimental barrier distribution. We also discuss the effects of proton transfer on the quasi-elastic barrier distribution. Our study indicates that the fusion and quasi-elastic barrier distributions for this system cannot be accounted for simultaneously with the standard coupled-channels approach.

Muhammad Zamrun F.; K. Hagino

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

Detection of Babesia bovis in blood samples and its effect on the hematological and serum biochemical profile in large ruminants from Southern Punjab  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Objective To determine the presence of Babesia bovis (B. bovis) in large ruminants in southern Punjab and its effect on hematological and serum biochemical profile of host animals. Methods Blood samples were collected from 144 large ruminants, including 105 cattle and 39 buffaloes, from six districts in southern Punjab including Multan, Layyah, Muzaffar Garh, Bhakar, Bahawalnagar and Vehari. Data on the characteristics of animals and herds were collected through questionnaires. Different blood (hemoglobin, glucose) and serum (ALT, AST, LDH, cholesterol) parameters of calves and cattle were measured and compared between parasite positive and negative samples to demonstrate the effect of B. bovis on the blood and serological profile of infected animals. Results 27 out of 144 animals, from 5 out of 6 sampling districts, produced the 541-bp fragment specific for B. bovis. Age of animals (P=0.02), presence of ticks on animals (P=0.04) and presence of ticks on dogs associated with herds (P=0.5) were among the major risk factors involved in the spread of bovine babesiosis in the study area. ALT concentrations were the only serum biochemical values that significantly varied between parasite positive and negative cattle. Conclusions This study has reported for the first time the presence of B. bovis in large ruminant and the results can lead to the prevention of babesiosis in the region to increase the livestock output.

Samreen Zulfiqar; Sadia Shahnawaz; Muhammad Ali; Arif Mahmood Bhutta; Shahid Iqbal; Sikandar Hayat; Shazia Qadir; Muhammad Latif; Nazia Kiran; Ali Saeed; Muhammad Ali; Furhan Iqbal

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

The potential of large germanium detector arrays for solar-axion searches utilizing the axio-electric effect for detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The sensitivities of large arrays of low-background germanium detectors for solar axion searches are investigated in the context of three coupling scenarios. A search was made for the 14.4-keV axion branch from the M1-transition in the thermally excited 57Fe in the solar core in 80 kgd of data from the IGEX Dark Matter experiment published earlier. In one scenario, the direct couplings of axions to hadrons and to electrons were assumed to be in the range of Peccei-Quinn (PQ) scale, 3x105 GeV < fPQ < 7x105 GeV. This scenario is excluded by the IGEX data. In a second case, at the same PQ scale, coupling to photons and to electrons are suppressed. The IGEX data partially excludes this scenario depending on the degree of suppression. In the third case, the PQ-scale for all couplings is assumed to be in the range: 3x106 GeV< fPQ <7x106 GeV. Detection rates in Ge for all three scenarios are presented.

F. T. Avignone III

2008-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

108

Experimental synchronization of chaos in a large ring of mutually coupled single-transistor oscillators: Phase, amplitude, and clustering effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper experimental evidence of multiple synchronization phenomena in a large (n?=?30) ring of chaotic oscillators is presented. Each node consists of an elementary circuit generating spikes of irregular amplitude and comprising one bipolar junction transistor one capacitor two inductors and one biasing resistor. The nodes are mutually coupled to their neighbours via additional variable resistors. As coupling resistance is decreased phase synchronization followed by complete synchronization is observed and onset of synchronization is associated with partial synchronization i.e. emergence of communities (clusters). While component tolerances affect community structure the general synchronization properties are maintained across three prototypes and in numerical simulations. The clusters are destroyed by adding long distance connections with distant notes but are otherwise relatively stable with respect to structural connectivity changes. The study provides evidence that several fundamental synchronization phenomena can be reliably observed in a network of elementary single-transistor oscillators demonstrating their generative potential and opening way to potential applications of this undemanding setup in experimental modelling of the relationship between network structure synchronization and dynamical properties.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Geomechanical effects on CO{sub 2} leakage through fault zones during large-scale underground injection  

SciTech Connect

The importance of geomechanicsincluding the potential for faults to reactivate during large scale geologic carbon sequestration operationshas recently become more widely recognized. However, notwithstanding the potential for triggering notable (felt) seismic events, the potential for buoyancy-driven CO{sub 2} to reach potable groundwater and the ground surface is actually more important from public safety and storage-efficiency perspectives. In this context, this work extends the previous studies on the geomechanical modeling of fault responses during underground carbon dioxide injection, focusing on the short-term integrity of the sealing caprock, and hence on the potential for leakage of either brine or CO{sub 2} to reach the shallow groundwater aquifers during active injection. We consider stress/strain-dependent permeability and study the leakage through the fault zone as its permeability changes during a reactivation, also causing seismicity. We analyze several scenarios related to the volume of CO{sub 2} injected (and hence as a function of the overpressure), involving both minor and major faults, and analyze the profile risks of leakage for different stress/strain-permeability coupling functions. We conclude that whereas it is very difficult to predict how much fault permeability could change upon reactivation, this process can have a significant impact on the leakage rate. Moreover, our analysis shows that induced seismicity associated with fault reactivation may not necessarily open up a new flow path for leakage. Results show a poor correlation between magnitude and amount of fluid leakage, meaning that a single event is generally not enough to substantially change the permeability along the entire fault length. Consequently, even if some changes in permeability occur, this does not mean that the CO{sub 2} will migrate up along the entire fault, breaking through the caprock to enter the overlying aquifer.

Rinaldi, A.P.; Rutqvist, J.; Cappa, F.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Observation of the large magnetocaloric effect and suppression of orbital entropy change in Fe-doped MnV{sub 2}O{sub 4}  

SciTech Connect

We present the structural and magnetic properties of Mn{sub 1?x}Fe{sub x}V{sub 2}O{sub 4} (x = 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3), and investigate the magnetocaloric effect in those compounds. The ferrimagnetic spin ordering is enhanced with the Fe doping at Mn site of MnV{sub 2}O{sub 4}, while the orbital ordering is suppressed. Large magnetic entropy changes up to 3.8 J/kg?K as well as the relative cooling power up to 110 J/kg at the field change of 0-2 T for Mn{sub 1?x}Fe{sub x}V{sub 2}O{sub 4} are calculated from the isothermal magnetization measurements. The large orbital entropy change of MnV{sub 2}O{sub 4} is suppressed by the Fe doping, while the spin entropy contribution arising from the strong spin-orbit coupling remains. Moreover, the doping of Fe broadens the temperature span of the large magnetic entropy change and increases the relative cooling power of MnV{sub 2}O{sub 4} by 2.4 times.

Huang, Z. H. [High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Luo, X., E-mail: xluo@issp.ac.cn, E-mail: ypsun@issp.ac.cn; Hu, L.; Tan, S. G.; Liu, Y.; Yuan, B.; Chen, J.; Song, W. H. [Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, People's Republic of China and University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China); Sun, Y. P., E-mail: xluo@issp.ac.cn, E-mail: ypsun@issp.ac.cn [High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Key Laboratory of Materials Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, People's Republic of China and University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China)

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

111

Isotope Effects in Isotope-Exchange Reactions:? Evidence for a Large 12C/13C Kinetic Isotope Effect in the Gas Phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Isotope effects are key to understanding reaction mechanisms because isotopic substitution affects reaction rates and equilibrium constants. ... These values are considered in relation to the vapor pressures of isotopic compds., the geologic abundance of C and O isotopes, the relative abundance of O isotopes in air and H2O, and variations in the at. ...

Giulia de Petris; Anna Troiani

2008-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

112

The Effects of Ultraviolet Irradiation on Large Populations of Certain Water-Borne Bacteria in Motion: I. The Development of Adequate Agitation to Provide an Effective Exposure Period  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...survival in 21 naturally occuring waters after treatment...data from tests with 21 naturally occurring contami...culture B. subtilis or naturally occurring mixed populations...of some ultraviolet radiations as produced by the continuous...effect of ultra-violet radiation. J. Bacteriol...

J. R. Cortelyou; M. A. McWhinnie; M. S. Riddiford; J. E. Semrad

1954-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Coherence between the Great Salt Lake Level and the Pacific Quasi-Decadal Oscillation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The lake level elevation of the Great Salt Lake (GSL), a large closed basin lake in the arid western United States, is characterized by a pronounced quasi-decadal oscillation (QDO). The variation of the GSL elevation is very coherent with the QDO ...

Shih-Yu Wang; Robert R. Gillies; Jiming Jin; Lawrence E. Hipps

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

J.Fluid Mech. (1987),vol. 184, pp. 399-422 Printed in Great Britain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a steadily rising bubble changes the nature of the problem of stability. It is shown that a small sinusoidalJ.Fluid Mech. (1987),vol. 184, pp. 399-422 Printed in Great Britain 399 The stability of a large gas bubble rising through liquid? By G.K. BATCHELOR Department of Applied Mathematics & Theoretical

Huppert, Herbert

115

Great River Energy (28 Member Cooperatives) - Commercial and Industrial  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Great River Energy (28 Member Cooperatives) - Commercial and Great River Energy (28 Member Cooperatives) - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Rebates Great River Energy (28 Member Cooperatives) - Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Rebates < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Program Info Funding Source Great River Energy State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies by measure and member cooperative offering. Provider Great River Energy Great River Energy, a generation and transmission cooperative which serves

116

Great Lakes Energy Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Coop Energy Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name Great Lakes Energy Coop Place Michigan Utility Id 38084 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC RFC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Alternative - Residential Residential Commercial and Industrial Loads Automated Power Monitoring Commercial Commercial and Industrial Loads Automated Power Monitoring - 200kW Commercial Commercial and industrial Loads Automated Power Monitoring Industrial Controlled Heating Commercial Controlled Water Heater - Opt 1 Commercial

117

Great Valley Ethanol LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Valley Ethanol LLC Valley Ethanol LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Great Valley Ethanol LLC Place Bakersfield, California Product Developing a 63m gallon ethanol plant in Hanford, CA Coordinates 44.78267°, -72.801369° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.78267,"lon":-72.801369,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

118

HUBZone, Great Opportunity for Small Businesses  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

For Immediate Release HUBZone, Great Opportunity for Small Businesses CARLSBAD, N.M., March 25, 2003 - To help the region's small businesses attract federal and state work, Washington TRU Solutions LLC (WTS) will offer a Small Business Fair on May 2 in Carlsbad to introduce the U.S. Small Business Administration's (SBA) HUBZone concept and other socioeconomic programs. WTS is the prime contractor for the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). A HUBZone (Historically Underutilized Business Zone) is a geographic area designated by the SBA as economically depressed based on a ratio of population versus business volume in the area. What that means for regional businesses that qualify is an enhanced opportunity to participate in state and federal government contracts they might not ordinarily be

119

Great Plains Institute | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plains Institute Plains Institute Jump to: navigation, search Name Great Plains Institute Place Minneapolis, Minnesota Zip 55407 Product Works with multiple stakeholders to produce and implement policies, technologies and practices in the areas of energy security and bio-based materials. Coordinates 44.979035°, -93.264929° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.979035,"lon":-93.264929,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

120

Source characteristics of large deep earthquakes: Constraint on the faulting mechanism at great depths  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

indicate significant energy dissipation due to heating and possible melt production. The 1991 Argentina. However, the 23 June 1991 Argentina event has source properties that are rather characteristic

Tibi, Rigobert

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Effects of Great Plains Irrigation on Regional Climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

convective systems with additional energy and moisture. The increase in atmospheric moisture nearly doubles precipitation accumulations downstream without producing any new precipitation events....

Huber, David B.

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

122

J. Great Lakes Res. 25(2):305317 Internat. Assoc. Great Lakes Res., 1999  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contaminants from Ingested Chlamydomonas rheinhardtii and Chlorella vulgaris by Zebra Mussels, Dreissena concentrations from expo- sures to contaminated Chlamydomonas rheinhardtii and Chlorella vulgaris rheinhardtii (Ma 1996) and Chlorella vulgaris (Berg et al. 1996). These species are found in the Great Lakes

123

J. Great Lakes Res. 25(3):468481 Internat. Assoc. Great Lakes Res., 1999  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center (NDBC) has op- erated a series of satellite-reporting weather buoys in the Great Lakes during has been developed. It is based on satellite-derived AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer well with water temperatures measured at the eight NOAA weather buoys in the lakes. The mean difference

124

Obama Administration Hosts Great Lakes Offshore Wind Workshop in Chicago  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hosts Great Lakes Offshore Wind Workshop in Hosts Great Lakes Offshore Wind Workshop in Chicago with Great Lakes Wind Collaborative Obama Administration Hosts Great Lakes Offshore Wind Workshop in Chicago with Great Lakes Wind Collaborative October 28, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - The White House Council on Environmental Quality and the U.S. Department of Energy hosted a workshop with the Great Lakes Wind Collaborative in Chicago on October 26 - 27, 2010, focused on the siting of offshore wind power in the Great Lakes. The two day workshop brought together wind developers, Federal and state regulators, environmental advocates, and other regional stakeholders to discuss methods for ensuring greater clarity, certainty and coordination of Federal and state decision-making for offshore wind development in the Great Lakes.

125

WESTERN GREAT PLAINS BIG RIVER FLOODPLAIN extent exaggerated for display  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WESTERN GREAT PLAINS BIG RIVER FLOODPLAIN G.Kittel extent exaggerated for display CAREX/GRAVEL SHORE SPARSELY VEGETATED ALLIANCE Riverine Gravel Flats Great Plains Sparse Vegetation POPULUS DELTOIDES Southern Plains Herbaceous Vegetation SYMPHORICARPOS OCCIDENTALIS TEMPORARILY FLOODED SHRUBLAND ALLIANCE

126

Nanoparticle Research Creates Great Contrast | GE Global Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoparticle Research Creates Great Contrast Nanoparticle Research Creates Great Contrast Mike Marino 2011.03.29 Mike-Marino Contrast. It's not just a setting on the TV - it's also...

127

WESTERN GREAT PLAINS SHORTGRASS PRAIRIE extent exaggerated for display  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Western Great Plains, east of the Rocky Mountains and ranges from the Nebraska Panhandle south into Texas primarily on flat to rolling uplands with loamy, ustic soils ranging from sandy to clayey. WESTERN GREAT

128

Great Lakes Water Scarcity and Regional Economic Development  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Great Lakes Water Scarcity and Regional Economic Development panel at Northwestern University on 10/10/2012

Cameron Davis; Tim Eder; David Ulrich; David Naftzger; Donald J. Wuebbles; Mark C. Petri

2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

129

Great Lakes Water Scarcity and Regional Economic Development  

SciTech Connect

Great Lakes Water Scarcity and Regional Economic Development panel at Northwestern University on 10/10/2012

Cameron Davis; Tim Eder; David Ulrich; David Naftzger; Donald J. Wuebbles; Mark C. Petri

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

130

Wind Regimes in Complex Terrain of the Great Valley of Eastern Tennessee  

SciTech Connect

This research was designed to provide an understanding of physical wind mechanisms within the complex terrain of the Great Valley of Eastern Tennessee to assess the impacts of regional air flow with regard to synoptic and mesoscale weather changes, wind direction shifts, and air quality. Meteorological data from 2008 2009 were analyzed from 13 meteorological sites along with associated upper level data. Up to 15 ancillary sites were used for reference. Two-step complete linkage and K-means cluster analyses, synoptic weather studies, and ambient meteorological comparisons were performed to generate hourly wind classifications. These wind regimes revealed seasonal variations of underlying physical wind mechanisms (forced channeled, vertically coupled, pressure-driven, and thermally-driven winds). Synoptic and ambient meteorological analysis (mixing depth, pressure gradient, pressure gradient ratio, atmospheric and surface stability) suggested up to 93% accuracy for the clustered results. Probabilistic prediction schemes of wind flow and wind class change were developed through characterization of flow change data and wind class succession. Data analysis revealed that wind flow in the Great Valley was dominated by forced channeled winds (45 67%) and vertically coupled flow (22 38%). Down-valley pressure-driven and thermally-driven winds also played significant roles (0 17% and 2 20%, respectively), usually accompanied by convergent wind patterns (15 20%) and large wind direction shifts, especially in the Central/Upper Great Valley. The behavior of most wind regimes was associated with detectable pressure differences between the Lower and Upper Great Valley. Mixing depth and synoptic pressure gradients were significant contributors to wind pattern behavior. Up to 15 wind classes and 10 sub-classes were identified in the Central Great Valley with 67 joined classes for the Great Valley at-large. Two-thirds of Great Valley at-large flow was defined by 12 classes. Winds flowed on-axis only 40% of the time. The Great Smoky Mountains helped create down-valley pressure-driven winds, downslope mountain breezes, and divergent air flow. The Cumberland Mountains and Plateau were associated with wind speed reductions in the Central Great Valley, Emory Gap Flow, weak thermally-driven winds, and northwesterly down sloping. Ridge-and-valley terrain enhanced wind direction reversals, pressure-driven winds, as well as locally and regionally produced thermally-driven flow.

Birdwell, Kevin R [ORNL

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Great Lakes WIND Network | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WIND Network WIND Network Jump to: navigation, search Name Great Lakes WIND Network Address 4855 W 130th Place Cleveland, Ohio Zip 44135 Sector Wind energy Product Business and legal services;Consulting; Energy provider: energy transmission and distribution; Investment/finances;Maintenance and repair;Manufacturing; Research and development; Trainining and education Phone number 215-588-1440 Website http://www.glwn.org Coordinates 41.4228056°, -81.7801592° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.4228056,"lon":-81.7801592,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

132

Feather mercury concentrations and physiological condition of great egret and white ibis nestlings in the Florida Everglades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feather mercury concentrations and physiological condition of great egret and white ibis nestlings 2008 Available online 13 February 2009 Mercury contamination in the Florida Everglades has reportedly leading to population-level effects. We assessed feather mercury levels in great egret (Ardea alba; n=91

Gawlik, Dale E.

133

DROUGHTin the Life, Cultures, and Landscapes of the Great Plains The 40th annual Center for Great Plains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DROUGHTin the Life, Cultures, and Landscapes of the Great Plains The 40th annual Center for Great Plains Studies symposium is a collaboration with the National Drought Mitigation Center and the Robert B between states. Drought has shaped how the people of the Great Plains think of themselves and their region

Farritor, Shane

134

Implicit Large Eddy Simulation  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Implicit Implicit Large Eddy Simulation (ILES) for High Reynolds Number Flows Len Margolin Applied Physics Division Los Alamos National Laboratory Collaborators: 1. Bill Rider (LANL) 2. Piotr Smolarkiewicz (NCAR) 3. Andrzej Wysogrodski (NCAR) 4. Fernando Grinstein (NRL) len@lanl.gov 1 Implicit Large Eddy Simulation Outline: * What is ILES? * What are its advantages? * Historical perspective * Why does it work? * Some examples len@lanl.gov 2 What is ILES ILES is the direct application of a fluid solver to a high Reynolds number fluid flow with no explicit turbulence model. · The truncation terms of the algorithm serve as an effective model of the effects of the unresolved scales. · Fluid solvers based on Nonoscillatory Finite Volume (NFV) approximations work effectively for ILES. · Fluid solvers based on pseudospectral methods, leapfrog methods, advective form methods, etc. do not work

135

Constraint effects within R6 framework: Validation by small and large scale fracture test results for A533B-1 steel  

SciTech Connect

A framework for including constraint effects in the failure assessment diagram approach for fracture assessment was described in the 1994 ASME PVP conference. Constraint effects were treated by modifying the shape of the failure assessment curve. In their simplest form, the modifications involve only two parameters: one quantifying the magnitude of structural constraint which depends on geometry, crack size and loading; and the second quantifying the influence of constraint on fracture toughness. The validity of the framework is investigated in this paper by considering the results and associated analysis of both small and large scale upper shelf fracture toughness tests performed on an A533B-1 steel plate. The specimens had a range of crack-tip constraint conditions. The results demonstrated that: (i) Crack-tip constraint significantly influences the ductile fracture characteristics of this material, (ii) this influence is well quantified by the elastic T-stress or elastic-plastic Q-stress, and (iii) the modified R6 framework provides conservative assessments of fracture initiation.

Sherry, A.H.; Sharples, J.K.; Sanderson, D.J.; Gardner, L. [AEA Technology, Risley (United Kingdom). Technical Services Division; Ainsworth, R.A. [Nuclear Electric plc, Berkeley (United Kingdom)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Naturener USA LLC formerly Great Plains Wind Energy | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LLC formerly Great Plains Wind Energy LLC formerly Great Plains Wind Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Naturener USA, LLC (formerly Great Plains Wind & Energy) Place San Francisco, California Zip 94111 Sector Wind energy Product Developer of a wind farm in Montana, has been sold to Naturener S.A. References Naturener USA, LLC (formerly Great Plains Wind & Energy)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Naturener USA, LLC (formerly Great Plains Wind & Energy) is a company located in San Francisco, California . References ↑ "Naturener USA, LLC (formerly Great Plains Wind & Energy)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Naturener_USA_LLC_formerly_Great_Plains_Wind_Energy&oldid=3491

137

The Effects of Explicit versus Parameterized Convection on the MJO in a Large-Domain High-Resolution Tropical Case Study. Part I: Characterization of Large-Scale Organization and Propagation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-resolution simulations over a large tropical domain (~20S20N, 42E180) using both explicit and parameterized convection are analyzed and compared to observations during a 10-day case study of an active MaddenJulian oscillation (MJO) ...

Christopher E. Holloway; Steven J. Woolnough; Grenville M. S. Lister

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Variable Crustal Thickness In The Western Great Basin- A Compilation Of Old  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Variable Crustal Thickness In The Western Great Basin- A Compilation Of Old Variable Crustal Thickness In The Western Great Basin- A Compilation Of Old And New Refraction Data Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Variable Crustal Thickness In The Western Great Basin- A Compilation Of Old And New Refraction Data Details Activities (3) Areas (3) Regions (0) Abstract: Utilizing commercial mine blasts and local earthquakes, as well as a dense array of portable seismographs, we have achieved long-range crustal refraction profiles across northern Nevada and the Sierra Nevada Mountains. In our most recent refraction experiment, the Idaho-Nevada-California (INC) transect, we used a dense spacing of 411 portable seismographs and 4.5-Hz geophones. The instruments were able to record events ranging from large mine blasts to small local earthquakes.

139

Quantitative evaluation of effects of the soft interventions or cleaner production in households and the hard interventions: A Social Experiment Programme in a large river basin in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Efforts have been made to reduce municipal wastewater pollutant discharge and improve river water quality in the Yamato-gawa River basin since 2005, as part of a Social Experiment Programme. The Programme was the first one in Japan to disseminate soft interventions in households, measurements to reduce pollutant discharge, in a large river basin with more than two million population. The soft interventions in households are similar to cleaner production in industrial sector because they are not the wastewater treatment and changing of lifestyles. This paper presents several methods for quantification of the pollutant discharge reduction. Two hypothetical soft intervention combinations were defined, the effects of 16 soft interventions were estimated using their proliferation rates, and estimated pollutant discharge reduction was compared with changes in river water quality during the Programme events. For the first method, environmental accounting housekeeping (EAH) books were applied to estimate a 3853% reduction in biological oxygen demand (BOD), 2640% reduction in total nitrogen (TN), and 2132% reduction in total phosphorus (TP). These estimation results were comparable with the field survey results of approximately 100 person population, which were conducted in the late 1980s. Soft interventions were found to be several times more cost effective than hard interventions, such as development of municipal wastewater treatment and river water purification systems. The BOD discharge reduction effects of soft interventions initiated during Programme events increased from 0.32.3% in 20052007 to 2.44.7% in 20072009. The questionnaire surveys found that participants in the Programme events in average newly implemented three or four soft interventions in addition to those already implemented at normal times.

Yoshiaki Tsuzuki; Minoru Yoneda; Ryohei Tokunaga; Shinsuke Morisawa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Weather pattern climatology of the Great Plains and the related wind regime  

SciTech Connect

The meteorology of the Great Plains can be described as a constant progression of air masses, fronts and cyclonic storm systems. Each of these meteorological conditions can be characterized by identifiable isobaric and related weather parameter patterns. Nine such patterns have been defined to type the weather patterns in the Great Plains. Time series of weather pattern types were produced for 62 stations on the Great Plains. Statistical analyses of these time series produced annual and seasonal frequencies of occurrence of the weather pattern types. Maps of the annual and seasonal frequency of occurrence of weather pattern type are presented for the Great Plains. Persistence and alternation frequencies match what is expected for traveling temperate latitude cyclones, anticyclones and fronts. The wind regime for stations at which the anemometer height and location was constant (and known) for a minimum of three consecutive years was stratified by weather pattern type. Statistical analyses were made to show the response of the wind to the large-scale distribution of air pressure associated with a weather pattern type. The response of the wind to the weather pattern is a site-specific result of the interaction of the large-scale meteorology with local terrain, surface roughness and atmospheric stability. Mean wind speed discriminates between pairs of weather pattern types with better than 75% confidence for more than two-thirds of the possible pairs of weather pattern types.

Barchet, W.R.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The Great Plains Wind Power Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

This multi-year, multi-faceted project was focused on the continued development of a nationally-recognized facility for the testing, characterization, and improvement of grid-connected wind turbines, integrated wind-water desalination systems, and related educational and outreach topics. The project involved numerous faculty and graduate students from various engineering departments, as well as others from the departments of Geosciences (in particular the Atmospheric Science Group) and Economics. It was organized through the National Wind Institute (NWI), which serves as an intellectual hub for interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary research, commercialization and education related to wind science, wind energy, wind engineering and wind hazard mitigation at Texas Tech University (TTU). Largely executed by an academic based team, the project resulted in approximately 38 peer-reviewed publications, 99 conference presentations, the development/expansion of several experimental facilities, and two provisional patents.

Schroeder, John

2014-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

142

Great Lakes Energy - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Great Lakes Energy - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Great Lakes Energy - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Great Lakes Energy - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Program Info State Michigan Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Air-Source Heat Pumps: $250 Geothermal Heat Pumps: $500 Provider Great Lakes Energy Great Lakes Energy offers rebates to residential customers for the purchase of efficiency air-source heat pumps or geothermal heat pumps. A rebate of $250 is available for air-source heat pumps, and a $500 rebate is available for geothermal heat pumps. View the program website listed above to view program and efficiency specifics. A variety of rebates may also be available to Great Lake Energy residential

143

Geochemical characterization of geothermal systems in the Great Basin:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

characterization of geothermal systems in the Great Basin: characterization of geothermal systems in the Great Basin: Implications for exploration, exploitation, and environmental issues Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Geochemical characterization of geothermal systems in the Great Basin: Implications for exploration, exploitation, and environmental issues Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The objective of this ongoing project is the development of a representative geochemical database for a comprehensive range of elemental and isotopic parameters (i.e., beyond the typical data suite) for a range of geothermal systems in the Great Basin. Development of this database is one of the first steps in understanding the nature of geothermal systems in the Great Basin. Of particular importance in the Great Basin is utilizing

144

Negative long term effects on harbour porpoises from a large scale offshore wind farm in the Balticevidence of slow recovery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Offshore wind farms constitute a new and fast growing industry all over the world. This study investigates the long term impact on harbour porpoises, Phocoena phocoena, for more than 10years (200112) from the first large scale offshore wind farm in the world, Nysted Offshore Wind Farm, in the Danish western Baltic Sea (72?2.3MW turbines). The wind farm was brought into full operation in December 2003. At six stations, acoustic porpoise detectors (T-PODs) were placed inside the wind farm area and at a reference area 10km to the east, to monitor porpoise echolocation activity as a proxy of porpoise presence. A modified statistical BACI design was applied to detect changes in porpoise presence before, during and after construction of the wind farm. The results show that the echolocation activity has significantly declined inside Nysted Offshore Wind Farm since the baseline in 20012 and has not fully recovered yet. The echolocation activity inside the wind farm has been gradually increasing (from 11% to 29% of the baseline level) since the construction of the wind farm, possibly due to habituation of the porpoises to the wind farm or enrichment of the environment due to reduced fishing and to artificial reef effects.

Jonas Teilmann; Jacob Carstensen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

WESTERN GREAT PLAINS RIPARIAN WOODLAND AND SHRUBLAND ECOLOGICAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WESTERN GREAT PLAINS RIPARIAN WOODLAND AND SHRUBLAND ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM ECOLOGICAL INTEGRITY ASSESSMENT Draft of June 29, 2007 Prepared by: Karin Decker Colorado Natural Heritage Program Colorado State

146

WESTERN GREAT PLAINS CLIFF, OUTCROP AND SHALE BARREN ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WESTERN GREAT PLAINS CLIFF, OUTCROP AND SHALE BARREN ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM ECOLOGICAL INTEGRITY ASSESSMENT Draft of June 29, 2007 Prepared by: Karin Decker Colorado Natural Heritage Program Colorado State

147

Changing Weather and Climate in the Great Lakes Region | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

covering Great Lakes weather, observed changes in the climate, and societal impacts of climate change. Along with sharing our passion for weather and climate, we'll convey...

148

2014 Student Poster Session marks the conclusion of another great...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2014 Student Poster Session marks the conclusion of another great program September 2, 2014 As the 2014 summer student program ends, students have the opportunity to show the...

149

Drought in the Western Great Plains, 184556  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A sustained mid-nineteenth-century drought in the western Great Plains has been indicated by a tree-ring analysis of trees flanking the western Great Plains, and in tree-ring reconstructions of drought and streamflow for eastern Colorado and the ...

Connie A. Woodhouse; Jeffrey J. Lukas; Peter M. Brown

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

GREAT LAKES ICE COVER RaymondA. Asset'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydropower production and cooling water intakes, and damaging shore structures. Ice cover also impactsChapter 6 GREAT LAKES ICE COVER RaymondA. Asset' ABSTRACT: Theformation of ice on the Lallrentian (~rthe Great Lakes anel local weather and climate. The (I1Inllal seasonal and ~'Patialprogression of ice

151

DESIGN OF THE GREAT LAKES OBSERVING SYSTEM ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DESIGN OF THE GREAT LAKES OBSERVING SYSTEM ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE T.J. Dekker1 , J.V. DePinto1 , S: tdekker@limno.com 2 NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Lab, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA, email: steve, collaborative, and consensus-based enterprise architecture design process was conducted under the direction

152

GREAT LAKES COASTAL WETLANDS MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT TECHNIQUES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GREAT LAKES COASTAL WETLANDS MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT TECHNIQUES By KRISTINA KOSTUK, B OF SCIENCE (2006) McMaster University (Biology) Hamilton, Ontario TITLE: Great Lakes Coastal Wetlands coastal wetlands. The first chapter examines the influence of gear type and sampling protocol on fish

McMaster University

153

DETECTION OF THE NEUPERT EFFECT IN THE CORONA OF AN RS CANUM VENATICORUM BINARY SYSTEM BY XMM-NEWTON AND THE VERY LARGE ARRAY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

¨renlingen und Villigen, CH-5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland; guedel@astro.phys.ethz.ch, audardth Street, New York, NY 10027; behar@astro.columbia.edu Anthony J. Beasley Owens Valley Radio during a large, long-duration flare simultaneously with XMM-Newton and the Very Large Array. The light

Audard, Marc

154

The effects of non-normality and nonlinearity of the NavierStokes operator on the dynamics of a large laminar separation bubble  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a large laminar separation bubble S. Cherubini,1,2 J.-Ch. Robinet,2 and P. De Palma1 1 DIMeG, CEMe­Stokes differential operator on the dynamics of a large laminar separation bubble over a flat plate have been studied numerical simulations have been employed in order to investigate the linear and nonlinear stability

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

155

Russia`s Great Game in a nuclear South Asia  

SciTech Connect

Lost in the noise of Pakistan`s nuclear weapon tests in the western Baluchistan desert on 28 and 30 May was a surprising diplomatic move by Russia. On 23 May, Russia became the first state to express its willingness to recognize India as a nuclear-weapon state, provided that India commits itself to the international nonproliferation regime. Russia`s Ambassador to India, Albert Chernyshev, stated in the days after the Indian but before the Pakistani nuclear tests that ``India proclaimed itself a nuclear weapons power. One now hopes that India will behave as a nuclear weapons power by acting responsibly. Every nuclear weapons state has some rights. But for getting recognition it must have some obligations. Once it is ready to show these obligations by joining the nonproliferation regime, its recognition as a nuclear weapons power will follow.`` Russia`s Great Game in South Asia in pursuit of short-term economic and other interests appears to be a serious obstacle on the path to dealing effectively with the South Asian nuclear crisis. Grave damage to security, stability and nonproliferation has already resulted from India`s and Pakistan`s actions, but the situation does not have to spiral out of control. It is imperative that the international community respond appropriately to this challenge. The international community is at a crossroads and Russia`s actions will be critical. Will it be willing to go beyond the narrow economic and political calculations reflected in its diplomatic posturing, and take actions that will serve its long-term interests by bridging differences with other great powers in order to demonstrate to India that it has not chosen the right path. If Russia decides it can gain from India`s current, perilous path and blocks or otherwise frustrates appropriate responses, the nuclear danger on the subcontinent will escalate and the global regimes to promote nonproliferation and to ban testing will be seriously, perhaps fatally, weakened with unpredictable regional and global effects.

Pilat, J.F.; Taylor, T.T. [International Inst. for Strategic Studies, London (United Kingdom)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

156

Cyclogenesis and the low-level jet over the southern Great Plains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the areas of observed low -level cloudiness expand d from the Texas Gulf coast into the southern Great Plains. The effect of LLJ advect1on of low-level wate~ vapor could be seen better throuoh the use of a surface isodrosotherm1c analysis. The locat1on...-Level Jet Over the Southern Great Plains. (December 1980) David Scott Ladwig, B. S. , Oklahoma State University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Dusan Djuric An investigation of the development of the low-level jet as an integral part of winter...

Ladwig, David Scott

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

157

Running Large Scale Jobs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Running Large Scale Jobs Running Large Scale Jobs Users face various challenges with running and scaling large scale jobs on peta-scale production systems. For example, certain...

158

Big Windy (Great Escape Restaurant Turbine) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Big Windy (Great Escape Restaurant Turbine) Big Windy (Great Escape Restaurant Turbine) Jump to: navigation, search Name Big Windy (Great Escape Restaurant Turbine) Facility Big Windy (Great Escape Restaurant Turbine) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Great Escape Restaurant Location Schiller Park IL Coordinates 41.95547°, -87.865193° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.95547,"lon":-87.865193,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

159

Accomplishments At The Great Basin Center For Geothermal Energy | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Accomplishments At The Great Basin Center For Geothermal Energy Accomplishments At The Great Basin Center For Geothermal Energy Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Accomplishments At The Great Basin Center For Geothermal Energy Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The Great Basin Center for Geothermal Energy (GBCGE) has been funded by DOE since March 2002 to conduct geothermal resource exploration and assessment in the Great Basin. In that time, those efforts have led to significant advances in understanding the regional and local conditions necessary for the formation of geothermal systems. Accomplishments include the development of GPS-based crustal strain rate measurements as a geothermal exploration tool, development of new methods of detecting geothermal features with remotely sensed imagery, and the detection of

160

Relating Geothermal Resources To Great Basin Tectonics Using Gps | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Relating Geothermal Resources To Great Basin Tectonics Using Gps Relating Geothermal Resources To Great Basin Tectonics Using Gps Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Relating Geothermal Resources To Great Basin Tectonics Using Gps Details Activities (8) Areas (4) Regions (0) Abstract: The Great Basin is characterized by non-magmatic geothermal fields, which we hypothesize are created, sustained, and controlled by active tectonics. In the Great Basin, GPS-measured rates of tectonic "transtensional" (shear plus dilatational) strain rate is correlated with geothermal well temperatures and the locations of known geothermal fields. This has led to a conceptual model in which non-magmatic geothermal systems are controlled by the style of strain, where shear (strike-slip faulting)

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

LARGE DISPLAY RESEARCH As large displays become more affordable, researchers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-hung displays. A precipitous price drop has also occurred in the last few years, and the average computer are investigating their effects on productivity, and techniques for making the large display user experience more effective. Recent work has demonstrated significant productivity benefits, but has also identified numerous

Rajamani, Sriram K.

162

Gyrokinetic large eddy simulations  

SciTech Connect

The large eddy simulation approach is adapted to the study of plasma microturbulence in a fully three-dimensional gyrokinetic system. Ion temperature gradient driven turbulence is studied with the GENE code for both a standard resolution and a reduced resolution with a model for the sub-grid scale turbulence. A simple dissipative model for representing the effect of the sub-grid scales on the resolved scales is proposed and tested. Once calibrated, the model appears to be able to reproduce most of the features of the free energy spectra for various values of the ion temperature gradient.

Morel, P.; Navarro, A. Banon; Albrecht-Marc, M.; Carati, D. [Statistical and Plasma Physics Laboratory, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles 1050 (Belgium); Merz, F.; Goerler, T.; Jenko, F. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology (2001), 51, 737749 Printed in Great Britain Phylogenetic relationships among algae based  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Great Britain Phylogenetic relationships among algae based on complete large-subunit rRNA sequences 1 of the different groups of algae, and in particular to study the relationships among the different classes of heterokont algae. In LSU rRNA phylogenies, the chlorarachniophytes, cryptomonads and haptophytes seem to form

Gent, Universiteit

164

E-Print Network 3.0 - adjacent great plains Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vegetation Andropogon gerardii - Sorghastrum nutans Western Great Plains... curtipendula Western Great ... Source: Colorado State University, Center for Environmental Management...

165

Targeting Of Potential Geothermal Resources In The Great Basin From  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Targeting Of Potential Geothermal Resources In The Great Basin From Targeting Of Potential Geothermal Resources In The Great Basin From Regional To Basin-Scale Relationship Between Geodetic Strain And Geological Structures Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Targeting Of Potential Geothermal Resources In The Great Basin From Regional To Basin-Scale Relationship Between Geodetic Strain And Geological Structures Details Activities (9) Areas (3) Regions (0) Abstract: We apply a new method to target potential geothermal resources on the regional scale in the Great Basin by seeking relationships between geologic structures and GPS-geodetic observations of regional tectonic strain. First, we establish a theoretical basis for underst~dingh ow the rate of fracture opening can be related to the directional trend of faults

166

Obama Administration and Great Lakes States Announce Agreement to Spur  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Great Lakes States Announce Agreement to and Great Lakes States Announce Agreement to Spur Development of Offshore Wind Projects Obama Administration and Great Lakes States Announce Agreement to Spur Development of Offshore Wind Projects March 30, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - As part of President Obama's all of the above approach to energy, the Obama Administration today joined with the governors of Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, New York and Pennsylvania to announce the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) that will streamline the efficient and responsible development of offshore wind resources in the Great Lakes. This effort underscores the President's commitment to American made energy, increasing energy independence, and creating jobs. "President Obama is focused on leveraging American energy sources,

167

Present safeguards in Great Britain against pesticide residues and hazards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A description of the direct legislative measures taken in Great Britain to protect the public from contamination of food by pesticide residues would be brief for, today, but two regulations exist, specifying t...

H. Martin

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Obama Administration Hosts Great Lakes Offshore Wind Workshop...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

with Great Lakes Wind Collaborative October 28, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - The White House Council on Environmental Quality and the U.S. Department of Energy hosted a...

169

EIS-0106: Great Falls-Conrad Transmission Line Project, Montana  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Western Area Power Administration prepared this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts of the construction and operation of a 230-kilovolt transmission line from Great Falls, Montana, to Conrad, Montana.

170

Great Lakes Surface Environmental Analysis | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Great Lakes Surface Environmental Analysis Great Lakes Surface Environmental Analysis Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Great Lakes Surface Environmental Analysis Dataset Summary Description The Great Lakes Surface Environmental Analysis (GLSEA2) is a digital map of the Great Lakes surface water temperature and ice cover which is produced daily at the NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (GLERL) in Ann Arbor, Michigan through the NOAA CoastWatch program. The GLSEA is stored as a 1024x1024 pixel map in PNG or ASCII format, suitable for viewing on PCs and workstations with readily available software. The lake surface temperatures are derived from NOAA polar-orbiting satellite imagery obtained through the Great Lakes CoastWatch program. The addition of ice cover information was implemented in early 1999, using data provided by the National Ice Center (NIC). Lake surface temperatures are updated daily with information from the cloud-free portions of the previous day's satellite imagery. If no imagery is available, a smoothing algorithm is applied to the previous day's map. Ice information will then be added, using the most recent Great Lakes Ice Analysis produced by NIC, currently daily during the ice season. GLERL is currently receiving a product suite of an average of 108 enhanced digital images including satellite-derived surface temperature (Fig. 1.1), visible and near-infrared reflectance, brightness temperatures, cloud masks, and satellite/solar zenith angle data from the NOAA/AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer).

171

A study of the relationship between trust and the effective communication of information within project teams of large high tech organizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study investigates the effects trust has on the truthfulness of communications and its effectiveness within a project team. The research focuses specifically on organizational context, the situational forces that exist ...

Scherer, Alyson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Great Lakes Science Center Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Science Center Wind Farm Science Center Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Great Lakes Science Center Wind Farm Facility Great Lakes Science Center Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Great Lakes Science Center Developer Great Lakes Science Center Energy Purchaser Great Lakes Science Center Location Cleveland OH Coordinates 41.506659°, -81.696816° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.506659,"lon":-81.696816,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

173

Combing rough set and RBF neural network for large-scale ship recognition in optical satellite images  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large scale ship recognition in optical remote sensing images is of great importance for many military applications. It aims to recognize the category information of the detected ships for effective maritime surveillance. The contributions of the paper can be summarized as follows: Firstly, based on the rough set theory, the common discernibility degree is used to compute the significance weight of each candidate feature and select valid recognition features automatically; Secondly, RBF neural network is constructed based on the selected recognition features. Experiments on recorded optical satellite images show the proposed method is effective and can get better classification rates at a higher speed than the state of the art methods.

Lu Chunyan; Zou Huanxin; Sun Hao; Zhou Shilin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

WASTE DISPOSITION PROJECT MAKES GREAT STRIDES AT THE IDAHO SITE |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WASTE DISPOSITION PROJECT MAKES GREAT STRIDES AT THE IDAHO SITE WASTE DISPOSITION PROJECT MAKES GREAT STRIDES AT THE IDAHO SITE WASTE DISPOSITION PROJECT MAKES GREAT STRIDES AT THE IDAHO SITE April 1, 2010 - 12:00pm Addthis An operator uses robotic manipulators to process RH TRU. An operator uses robotic manipulators to process RH TRU. Idaho - The Waste Disposition Project Team at the Department of Energy's Idaho Site has continued to keep its commitment to remove remote handled (RH) transuranic (TRU) waste out of Idaho, protecting the Snake River Plain Aquifer and keeping the Office of Environmental Management's commitment to environmental clean up. In 2007, the first shipment of RH TRU waste left the gates of the Idaho Site, headed to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) for disposal. In the three years since, devoted individuals on the CH2M-WG, Idaho's (CWI)

175

Two Days, One Great Mashup | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Two Days, One Great Mashup Two Days, One Great Mashup Developer Data Web Services Source Code Challenges Semantic Web Blogs Let's Talk Developers You are here Data.gov » Communities » Developers Two Days, One Great Mashup Submitted by Data.gov Administrator on Tue, 12/18/2012 - 6:21pm Mashups are intriguing because you can create new stories from data that is accessible yet completely independent - multiple datasets merging in a way that was not expected," said Ryan McKeel, Digital Assets Applications Developer at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado, whose Open Energy Initiative (OpenEI.org) team helped build the Energy Data Mashup. "For instance, if you combine U.S. Census data with crime and voting records, you start painting a unique story that none of the data

176

JW Great Lakes Wind LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

JW Great Lakes Wind LLC JW Great Lakes Wind LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name JW Great Lakes Wind LLC Place Cleveland, Ohio Zip 44114-4420 Sector Wind energy Product Ohio based subsidiary of Juwi International that develops wind projects. Coordinates 41.504365°, -81.690459° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.504365,"lon":-81.690459,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

177

CO2 Injection in Kansas Oilfield Could Greatly Increase Production,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CO2 Injection in Kansas Oilfield Could Greatly Increase Production, CO2 Injection in Kansas Oilfield Could Greatly Increase Production, Permanently Store Carbon Dioxide, DOE Study Says CO2 Injection in Kansas Oilfield Could Greatly Increase Production, Permanently Store Carbon Dioxide, DOE Study Says August 31, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The feasibility of using carbon dioxide (CO2) injection for recovering between 250 million and 500 million additional barrels of oil from Kansas oilfields has been established in a study funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The University of Kansas Center for Research studied the possibility of near-miscible CO2 flooding for extending the life of mature oilfields in the Arbuckle Formation while simultaneously providing permanent geologic storage of carbon dioxide, a major greenhouse gas.

178

WASTE DISPOSITION PROJECT MAKES GREAT STRIDES AT THE IDAHO SITE |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WASTE DISPOSITION PROJECT MAKES GREAT STRIDES AT THE IDAHO SITE WASTE DISPOSITION PROJECT MAKES GREAT STRIDES AT THE IDAHO SITE WASTE DISPOSITION PROJECT MAKES GREAT STRIDES AT THE IDAHO SITE April 1, 2010 - 12:00pm Addthis An operator uses robotic manipulators to process RH TRU. An operator uses robotic manipulators to process RH TRU. Idaho - The Waste Disposition Project Team at the Department of Energy's Idaho Site has continued to keep its commitment to remove remote handled (RH) transuranic (TRU) waste out of Idaho, protecting the Snake River Plain Aquifer and keeping the Office of Environmental Management's commitment to environmental clean up. In 2007, the first shipment of RH TRU waste left the gates of the Idaho Site, headed to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) for disposal. In the three years since, devoted individuals on the CH2M-WG, Idaho's (CWI)

179

CO2 Injection in Kansas Oilfield Could Greatly Increase Production,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in Kansas Oilfield Could Greatly Increase Production, in Kansas Oilfield Could Greatly Increase Production, Permanently Store Carbon Dioxide, DOE Study Says CO2 Injection in Kansas Oilfield Could Greatly Increase Production, Permanently Store Carbon Dioxide, DOE Study Says August 31, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The feasibility of using carbon dioxide (CO2) injection for recovering between 250 million and 500 million additional barrels of oil from Kansas oilfields has been established in a study funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The University of Kansas Center for Research studied the possibility of near-miscible CO2 flooding for extending the life of mature oilfields in the Arbuckle Formation while simultaneously providing permanent geologic storage of carbon dioxide, a major greenhouse gas.

180

National Parks Move Transportation Forward in America's Great Outdoors |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Parks Move Transportation Forward in America's Great Parks Move Transportation Forward in America's Great Outdoors National Parks Move Transportation Forward in America's Great Outdoors March 28, 2013 - 3:00pm Addthis Together, the five newest National Parks Initiative projects will save the equivalent of nearly 10,000 gallons of gasoline and 71 tons of greenhouse gas emissions per year. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. Together, the five newest National Parks Initiative projects will save the equivalent of nearly 10,000 gallons of gasoline and 71 tons of greenhouse gas emissions per year. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What are the key facts? The five new National Parks Initiative projects will save the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Lithium In Tufas Of The Great Basin- Exploration Implications For  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

In Tufas Of The Great Basin- Exploration Implications For In Tufas Of The Great Basin- Exploration Implications For Geothermal Energy And Lithium Resources Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Lithium In Tufas Of The Great Basin- Exploration Implications For Geothermal Energy And Lithium Resources Details Activities (8) Areas (4) Regions (0) Abstract: Lithium/magnesium, lithium/sodium, and to a lesser extent, potassium/magnesium ratios in calcium carbonate tufa columns provide a fingerprint for distinguishing tufa columns formed from thermal spring waters versus those formed from non-thermal spring waters. These ratios form the basis of the Mg/Li, Na/Li, and K/Mg fluid geothermometers commonly used in geothermal exploration, which are based on the fact that at elevated temperatures, due to mineral-fluid equilibria, lithium

182

Saluting a Great American Scientist-Founder This Thanksgiving | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Saluting a Great American Scientist-Founder This Thanksgiving Saluting a Great American Scientist-Founder This Thanksgiving Saluting a Great American Scientist-Founder This Thanksgiving November 24, 2010 - 11:32am Addthis Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science Tomorrow, we at the Department of Energy join with all of you, our fellow citizens, in giving thanks. We're thankful for the little things; for the fair gatherings of food and family and friends; for the tryptophan comas that will kick in amid the fowl football kick-offs. (The Lions are playing...followed by Cowboys and then the Bengals, teams with a combined record of seven wins and 23 losses.) We're even more thankful for the big things; for our nation; for our proud past and daring future; for the undaunted courage and iconoclastic

183

Shallow Water Offshore Wind Optimization for the Great Lakes (DE-FOA-0000415) Final Report: A Conceptual Design for Wind Energy in the Great Lakes  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of the project was to develop a innovative Gravity Base Foundation (GBF) concepts, including fabrication yards, launching systems and installation equipment, for a 500MW utility scale project in the Great Lakes (Lake Erie). The goal was to lower the LCOE by 25%. The project was the first to investigate an offshore wind project in the Great Lakes and it has furthered the body of knowledge for foundations and installation methods within Lake Erie. The project collected historical geotechnical information for Lake Erie and also used recently obtained data from the LEEDCo Icebreaker Project (FOA DE-EE0005989) geotechnical program to develop the conceptual designs. Using these data-sets, the project developed design wind and wave conditions from actual buoy data in order to develop a concept that would de-risk a project using a GBF. These wind and wave conditions were then utilized to create reference designs for various foundations specific to installation in Lake Erie. A project partner on the project (Weeks Marine) provided input for construction and costing the GBF fabrication and installation. By having a marine contractor with experience with large marine projects as part of the team provides credibility to the LCOE developed by NREL. NREL then utilized the design and construction costing information as part of the LCOE model. The report summarizes the findings of the project. Developed a cost model and baseline LCOE Documented Site Conditions within Lake Erie Developed Fabrication, Installation and Foundations Innovative Concept Designs Evaluated LCOE Impact of Innovations Developed Assembly line Rail System for GBF Construction and Staging Developed Transit-Inspired Foundation Designs which incorporated: Semi-Floating Transit with Supplemental Pontoons Barge mounted Winch System Developed GBF with Penetration Skirt Developed Integrated GBF with Turbine Tower Developed Turbine, Plant Layout and O&M Strategies The report details lowering LCOE by 22.3% and identified additional strategies that could further lower LCOE when building an utility scale wind farm in the Great Lakes.

Wissemann, Chris [Freshwater Wind I, LLC] [Freshwater Wind I, LLC; White, Stanley M [Stanley White Engineering LLC] [Stanley White Engineering LLC

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

184

Standards Development and Deployment of a Comprehensive, Integrated, Open-standard Monitoring and Equipment Control Networking Protocol Infrastructure for Effective Facility Energy Management of a Large-scale Industrial Site in Alberta, Canada  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Implement control networking interoperability standards Enforce standards compliance Work with vendors to deliver more cost effective solutions Develop Suncor specific LonMark equipment profiles ESL-IE-14-05-27 Proceedings of the Thrity..., ISO, ANSI/CEA, LONMARK ISO 14908 and ANSI/CEA 709.1 Standards - Local Operating Network (LON) for Building Automation Control Systems Large certified product availability Worldwide standard, worldwide support Well defined interoperability...

Bernstein, R.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

The effect of wheat bran and pectin supplementation on luminal pH and short chain fatty acid production in the rat large intestine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the cellulose and fiber-free diets (14). In another human study, Fleming and Rodrigues demonstrated that in the fecal excretion of 5 healthy men, the concentration of scfas was significantly highest in the pectin treatment and lowest in the cellulose, xylan... hour fecal collections with respect to the diets. 3. The surface area of the rat cecums and the length of the large intesined as compared to the diets. 4. The pH readings at different specified sections of the colon with respect to the diet...

Parish, Pamela Denise

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

186

August 2012 Brazil is one of the great success stories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

August 2012 Brazil is one of the great success stories of the last several decades ­ and today has become a vibrant democracy and an economic powerhouse. Brazil's international profile has never been and staff. Our study of Brazil is strong and our engagement with Brazil is growing. Today, work

Oxford, University of

187

Jordan cohomology for operator algebras Great Plains Operator Theory Symposium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jordan cohomology for operator algebras Great Plains Operator Theory Symposium Kansas State) Jordan cohomology for operator algebras 1 / 23 #12;Outline · Jordan Derivations · Jordan Weak*-Amenability · Jordan 2-cocycles NOTE: Jordan can mean Jordan algebra or Jordan triple (depending on my fancy) Bernard

Russo, Bernard

188

Changing Weather and Climate in the Great Lakes Region Webinar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Offered by the University of Wisconsin-Madison through Coursera, this four-week course will feature a new season each week through short lectures and activities covering Great Lakes weather, observed changes in the climate, and societal impacts of climate change.

189

Regional Implications of Global Climate Change for the Great  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reliable are they? Future projections of climate change due to global warming What about regional climateRegional Implications of Global Climate Change for the Great Plains Robert J. Oglesby Department Concepts What is climate? What is the difference between weather and climate? What is the difference

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

190

JPL D-26226 GREAT LAKES WINTER EXPERIMENT 2002 (GLAWEX 2002)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology #12;GREAT hazards in marine ports such as Duluth and Chicago and important waterways such as the St. Mary River Research Laboratory (GLERL) and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) with ship and helicopter supports from

191

The Palaeomagnetism of the Great Dyke of Southern Rhodesia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......slipping. The drive shaft is driven by an electric motor through a worm gear and three-speed...specimen remained on its great circle arc. A washing field is then selected which...specimenhaving I.R.M. due to a lightning discharge. Neighbouring cores from the same outcrop......

M. W. McElhinny; D. I. Gough

1963-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

How Do We More Greatly Ensure Responsible AGI?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At the end of the 2006 AGI Workshop, a number of presenters were invited to participate in a panel discussion on the theme How Do We More Greatly Ensure Responsible AGI? This chapter presents a record of that dialogue, including audience ...

Eiezer Yudkowsky; Jeff Medina; Karl H. Pribram; Ari Heljakka; Hugo de Garis; Stephan Vladimir Bugaj

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers in the Sediments of the Great Lakes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

source of many pollutants, including PCBs and dioxins, to the Great Lakes. This has been particularly analysis demonstrated that the pattern of PBDEs in Lake Superior sediments differs from those in air from the point sources. Sediments are an important sink and reservoir of per- sistent pollutants

Rockne, Karl J.

194

How extensive are the impacts of nitrogen pollution in Great  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the 1940s atmospheric nitrogen pollution has steadily increased, primarily as a consequence in the deposition of atmospheric nitrogen pollutants are likely to have contributed to improved forest productivityHow extensive are the impacts of nitrogen pollution in Great Britain's forests? Protecting our

195

Reducing bicycle crime Bicycles provide a great way  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reducing bicycle crime C rim e reduction advice #12;Bicycles provide a great way of getting out, you will lessen your chances of becoming a victim of bicycle crime. Security measures · Register your bicycle at www.immobilise.com or www.bikeregister.com so if the worst happens and your bike is stolen

Royal Holloway, University of London

196

Regional Slip Tendency Analysis of the Great Basin Region  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

- The resulting along?fault and fault?to?fault variation in slip or dilation potential is a proxy for along fault and fault?to?fault variation in fluid flow conduit potential. Stress Magnitudes and directions were calculated across the entire Great Basin. Stress field variation within each focus area was approximated based on regional published data and the world stress database (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson?Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2010; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012; Moeck et al., 2010; Moos and Ronne, 2010 and Reinecker et al., 2005). The minimum horizontal stress direction (Shmin) was contoured, and spatial bins with common Shmin directions were calculated. Based on this technique, we subdivided the Great Basin into nine regions (Shmin <070, 070140). Slip and dilation tendency were calculated using 3DStress for the faults within each region using the mean Shmin for the region. Shmin variation throughout Great Basin are shown on Figure 3. For faults within the Great Basin proper, we applied a normal faulting stress regime, where the vertical stress (sv) is larger than the maximum horizontal stress (shmax), which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (sv>shmax>shmin). Based on visual inspection of the limited stress magnitude data in the Great Basin, we used magnitudes such that shmin/shmax = .527 and shmin/sv= .46. These values are consistent with stress magnitude data at both Dixie Valley (Hickman et al., 2000) and Yucca Mountain (Stock et al., 1985). For faults within the Walker Lane/Eastern California Shear Zone, we applied a strike?slip faulting stress, where shmax > sv > shmin. Upon visual inspection of limited stress magnitude data from the Walker Lane and Eastern California Shear zone, we chose values such that SHmin/SHmax = .46 and Shmin/Sv= .527 representative of the region. Results: The results of our slip and dilation tendency analysis are shown in Figures 4 (dilation tendency), 5 (slip tendency) and 6 (slip tendency + dilation tendency). Shmin varies from northwest to east?west trending throughout much of the Great Basin. As such, north? to northeast?striking faults have the highest tendency to slip and to dilate, depending on the local trend of shmin. These results provide a first order filter on faults and fault systems in the Great Basin, affording focusing of local?scale exploration efforts for blind or hidden geothermal resources.

Faulds, James E.

197

Great Plains Research 9 (Fall 1999): 277-3 13 Published by the Center for Great Plains Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hull Sieg USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station 501 E St. Joseph Street Rapid City, SD 57701 csieg@fs.fed.us Curtis H. Flather USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station 21 et al. 1995). In the Great Plains, the flat topography and nutrient-rich soils make these lands

198

Regional Slip Tendency Analysis of the Great Basin Region  

SciTech Connect

Slip and dilation tendency on the Great Basin fault surfaces (from the USGS Quaternary Fault Database) were calculated using 3DStress (software produced by Southwest Research Institute). Slip and dilation tendency are both unitless ratios of the resolved stresses applied to the fault plane by the measured ambient stress field. - Values range from a maximum of 1 (a fault plane ideally oriented to slip or dilate under ambient stress conditions) to zero (a fault plane with no potential to slip or dilate). - Slip and dilation tendency values were calculated for each fault in the Great Basin. As dip is unknown for many faults in the USGS Quaternary Fault Database, we made these calculations using the dip for each fault that would yield the maximum slip or dilation tendency. As such, these results should be viewed as maximum slip and dilation tendency. - The resulting along?fault and fault?to?fault variation in slip or dilation potential is a proxy for along fault and fault?to?fault variation in fluid flow conduit potential. Stress Magnitudes and directions were calculated across the entire Great Basin. Stress field variation within each focus area was approximated based on regional published data and the world stress database (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson?Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2010; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012; Moeck et al., 2010; Moos and Ronne, 2010 and Reinecker et al., 2005). The minimum horizontal stress direction (Shmin) was contoured, and spatial bins with common Shmin directions were calculated. Based on this technique, we subdivided the Great Basin into nine regions (Shmin <070, 070140). Slip and dilation tendency were calculated using 3DStress for the faults within each region using the mean Shmin for the region. Shmin variation throughout Great Basin are shown on Figure 3. For faults within the Great Basin proper, we applied a normal faulting stress regime, where the vertical stress (sv) is larger than the maximum horizontal stress (shmax), which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (sv>shmax>shmin). Based on visual inspection of the limited stress magnitude data in the Great Basin, we used magnitudes such that shmin/shmax = .527 and shmin/sv= .46. These values are consistent with stress magnitude data at both Dixie Valley (Hickman et al., 2000) and Yucca Mountain (Stock et al., 1985). For faults within the Walker Lane/Eastern California Shear Zone, we applied a strike?slip faulting stress, where shmax > sv > shmin. Upon visual inspection of limited stress magnitude data from the Walker Lane and Eastern California Shear zone, we chose values such that SHmin/SHmax = .46 and Shmin/Sv= .527 representative of the region. Results: The results of our slip and dilation tendency analysis are shown in Figures 4 (dilation tendency), 5 (slip tendency) and 6 (slip tendency + dilation tendency). Shmin varies from northwest to east?west trending throughout much of the Great Basin. As such, north? to northeast?striking faults have the highest tendency to slip and to dilate, depending on the local trend of shmin. These results provide a first order filter on faults and fault systems in the Great Basin, affording focusing of local?scale exploration efforts for blind or hidden geothermal resources.

James E. Faulds

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

199

Terra Nitrogen Company, L.P.: Ammonia Plant Greatly Reduces Natural...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Terra Nitrogen Company, L.P.: Ammonia Plant Greatly Reduces Natural Gas Consumption After Energy Assessment Terra Nitrogen Company, L.P.: Ammonia Plant Greatly Reduces Natural Gas...

200

NETL: Ambient Monitoring - Great Smoky Mountains National Park  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Great Smoky Mountains Project (GSMP) Great Smoky Mountains Project (GSMP) Background Fine particle annual mass concentrations in the Tennessee Valley range from 14 to20 micrograms per cubic meter. All seven urban/suburban sites exceeded the annual PM2.5 standard; only the rural Lawrence County TN site remained below the 15 µg/m3 annual standard. None of the stations exceeded the 65 µg/m3 level of the 24-hour PM2.5 standard. Summer high-winter low seasonality is evident. The current FRM PM2.5 mass measurements under-estimate the contribution of volatile/semi-volatile nitrates and organic carbon species. The semi-volatile organic fraction is both highly variable and significant, and assessments of semi-volatile and non-volatile organic carbon fractions are needed when particle composition measurements are made, especially at urban sites.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Gravitational Lensing Accuracy Testing 2010 (GREAT10) Challenge Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GRavitational lEnsing Accuracy Testing 2010 (GREAT10) is a public image analysis challenge aimed at the development of algorithms to analyse astronomical images. Specifically the challenge is to measure varying image distortions in the presence of a variable convolution kernel, pixelization and noise. This is the second in a series of challenges set to the astronomy, computer science and statistics communities, providing a structured environment in which methods can be improved and tested in preparation for planned astronomical surveys. GREAT10 extends upon previous work by introducing variable fields into the challenge. The 'Galaxy Challenge' involves the precise measurement of galaxy shape distortions, quantified locally by two parameters called shear, in the presence of a known convolution kernel. Crucially, the convolution kernel and the simulated gravitational lensing shape distortion both now vary as a function of position within the images, as is the case for real data. In addition we introduce the 'St...

Kitching, Thomas; Gill, Mandeep; Harmeling, Stefan; Heymans, Catherine; Massey, Richard; Rowe, Barnaby; Schrabback, Tim; Voigt, Lisa; Balan, Sreekumar; Bernstein, Gary; Bethge, Matthias; Bridle, Sarah; Courbin, Frederic; Gentile, Marc; Heavens, Alan; Hirsch, Michael; Hosseini, Reshad; Kiessling, Alina; Kirk, Donnacha; Kuijken, Konrad; Mandelbaum, Rachel; Moghaddam, Baback; Nurbaeva, Guldariya; Paulin-Henriksson, Stephane; Rassat, Anais; Rhodes, Jason; Schlkopf, Bernhard; Shawe-Taylor, John; Shmakova, Marina; Taylor, Andy; Velander, Malin; van Waerbeke, Ludovic; Witherick, Dugan; Wittman, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Interactive Maps from the Great Basin Center for Geothermal Energy  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Great Basin Center for Geothermal Energy, part of the University of Nevada, Reno, conducts research towards the establishment of geothermal energy as an economically viable energy source within the Great Basin. The Center specializes in collecting and synthesizing geologic, geochemical, geodetic, geophysical, and tectonic data, and using Geographic Information System (GIS) technology to view and analyze this data and to produce favorability maps of geothermal potential. The interactive maps are built with layers of spatial data that are also available as direct file downloads (see DDE00299). The maps allow analysis of these many layers, with various data sets turned on or off, for determining potential areas that would be favorable for geothermal drilling or other activity. They provide information on current exploration projects and leases, Bureau of Land Management land status, and map presentation of each type of scientific spatial data: geothermal, geophysical, geologic, geodetic, groundwater, and geochemical.

203

EIS-0408: Upper Great Plains Wind Energy Programmatic EIS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS, being prepared jointly by DOE's Western Area Power Administration and the Department of the Interiors Fish and Wildlife Service, will evaluate the environmental impacts of wind energy development in Iowa, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota Westerns Upper Great Plains customer service region. Western will use the EIS to implement a comprehensive regional program to manage interconnection requests for wind energy projects.

204

Water Conservation in Southern Great Plains Wheat Production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

time in the fall contributed greatly to the size of grain yields the following year. Where contour tillage and level terracing were used to retain surface runoff water favorable sowing conditions more frequently occurred and the risk of crop failure... that these might he analyzed lation to water consel*vation practice. 51rnificant increases of wheat yield resulted f roin each of the following : liitial soil moisture stores, (2) July rainfall previous to sowing, (3) terracing and contour farming, and (4...

Finnell, H. H. (Henry Howard)

1944-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Great Western Malting Company geothermal project, Pocatello, Idaho. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Great Western Malting Company recently constructed a barley malting facility in Pocatello, Idaho, designed to produce 6.0 million bushels per year of brewing malt. This facility uses natural gas to supply the energy for germination and kilning processes. The escalating cost of natural gas has prompted the company to look at alternate and more economical sources of energy. Trans Energy Systems has investigated the viabiity of using geothermal energy at the new barley processing plant. Preliminary investigations show that a geothermal resource probably exists, and payback on the installation of a system to utilize the resource will occur in under 2 years. The Great Western Malting plant site has geological characteristics which are similar to areas where productive geothermal wells have been established. Geological investigations indicate that resource water temperatures will be in the 150 to 200/sup 0/F range. Geothermal energy of this quality will supply 30 to 98% of the heating requirements currently supplied by natural gas for this malting plant. Trans Energy Systems has analyzed several systems of utilizing the geothermal resource at the Great Western barley malting facility. These systems included: direct use of geothermal water; geothermal energy heating process water through an intermediary heat exchanger; coal or gas boosted geothermal systems; and heat pump boosted geothermal system. The analysis examined the steps that are required to process the grain.

Christensen, N.T.; McGeen, M.A.; Corlett, D.F.; Urmston, R.

1981-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

206

Handbook for the GREAT08 Challenge: An image analysis competition for cosmological lensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The GRavitational lEnsing Accuracy Testing 2008 (GREAT08) Challenge focuses on a problem that is of crucial importance for future observations in cosmology. The shapes of distant galaxies can be used to determine the properties of dark energy and the nature of gravity, because light from those galaxies is bent by gravity from the intervening dark matter. The observed galaxy images appear distorted, although only slightly, and their shapes must be precisely disentangled from the effects of pixelisation, convolution and noise. The worldwide gravitational lensing community has made significant progress in techniques to measure these distortions via the Shear TEsting Program (STEP). Via STEP, we have run challenges within our own community, and come to recognise that this particular image analysis problem is ideally matched to experts in statistical inference, inverse problems and computational learning. Thus, in order to continue the progress seen in recent years, we are seeking an infusion of new ideas from these communities. This document details the GREAT08 Challenge for potential participants. Please visit http://www.great08challenge.info for the latest information.

Sarah Bridle; John Shawe-Taylor; Adam Amara; Douglas Applegate; Sreekumar T. Balan; Joel Berge; Gary Bernstein; Hakon Dahle; Thomas Erben; Mandeep Gill; Alan Heavens; Catherine Heymans; F. William High; Henk Hoekstra; Mike Jarvis; Donnacha Kirk; Thomas Kitching; Jean-Paul Kneib; Konrad Kuijken; David Lagatutta; Rachel Mandelbaum; Richard Massey; Yannick Mellier; Baback Moghaddam; Yassir Moudden; Reiko Nakajima; Stephane Paulin-Henriksson; Sandrine Pires; Anais Rassat; Alexandre Refregier; Jason Rhodes; Tim Schrabback; Elisabetta Semboloni; Marina Shmakova; Ludovic van Waerbeke; Dugan Witherick; Lisa Voigt; David Wittman

2008-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

207

Verifying Very Large Industrial Circuits Using 100 Processes , Orna Grumberg1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of large- scale distributed computing platforms, such as computational grids and huge clusters. Such infrastructure holds a great promise for the highly resource-demanding task of verifying and checking large- bolic model checker, on top of a large-scale distributed environment. We develop a hybrid algorithm

Grumberg, Orna

208

AIR: THE GREAT, THE LARGE and the small. Lecture 3-4. P.B.Rhines 5 ii 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(warm) air rises. · the sun heats the tropics more than the Poles, leading to a distribution of air (and its circulation). Here our earlier ideas about sun's radiation are important too. The atmosphere, which trap pollutants in the lower atmosphere. · the basic temperature decreases by about 500 C from

209

Variability of the Great Plains Low-Level Jet: Large-Scale Circulation Context and Hydroclimate Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is a predominantly flat agricultural region in close proximity to the Rocky Mountains and the Gulf of Mexico. During

Nigam, Sumant

210

Effective Ship Ballast Water Treatment System Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Besides its great effect on ship stability, ballast water causes an important problem. While a ship loads ballast water from any sea, it ... species. These species may have a great effect on the local ecological ...

Levent Bilgili; Kaan nlgeno?lu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

LAURENTIAN GREAT LAKES ICE COVER TELECONNECTIONS Raymond Assel, NOAA, Great lakes EnvironmentalResearch Laboratory,Ann Arbor, MI 48105-1593  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

they were estimated using an electronic digitizer and ice charts produced by the U.S. Department of CommerceLAURENTIAN GREAT LAKES ICE COVER TELECONNECTIONS Raymond Assel, NOAA, Great lakes Environmental research on Great Lakes ice coverteleconnections.Here, annualmaximalice coverfor winters 1963

212

The Great Lakes comprise the largest freshwater ecosystem on Earth. The restoration and protection of the Great Lakes is vital as they contain 95 percent of the surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Great Lakes comprise the largest freshwater ecosystem on Earth. The restoration and protection and Beach Forecasting* · Identifying Land Use Tipping Points that Threaten Great Lakes Ecosystems* Aquatic Invasive Species · Great Lakes Aquatic Nuisance Species Information System Expansion* · Regional Ecosystem

213

A large-scale exploration of group viewing patterns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a large-scale study of television viewing habits, focusing on how individuals adapt their preferences when consuming content with others. While there has been a great deal of research on modeling individual preferences, there has been considerably ... Keywords: group recommendation, group viewing patterns

Allison J.B. Chaney, Mike Gartrell, Jake M. Hofman, John Guiver, Noam Koenigstein, Pushmeet Kohli, Ulrich Paquet

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Paleoarchaic Surface Assemblages in the Great Salt Lake Desert, Northwestern Utah  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

desert scrubs, such as sagebrush, shadscale, horsebrush, snake- PALEOARCHAIC ASSEMBLAGES IN THE GREAT SALT

Arkush, Brooke S; Pitblado, Bonnie L

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Meet with Large Businesses  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Meet with Large Businesses Meet with Large Businesses and learn about upcoming acquisitions! * Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) * National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) * Small Business Administration (SBA) * U.S. Department of Energy / Energy, Efficiency, and Renewable Energy (EERE) * U.S. Department of Energy / Golden Field Office (GFO) * Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) * Colorado Procurement Technical Assistance Center (PTAC)

216

The International Large Detector: Letter of Intent  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The International Large Detector (ILD) is a concept for a detector at the International Linear Collider, ILC. The ILC will collide electrons and positrons at energies of initially 500 GeV, upgradeable to 1 TeV. The ILC has an ambitious physics program, which will extend and complement that of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). A hallmark of physics at the ILC is precision. The clean initial state and the comparatively benign environment of a lepton collider are ideally suited to high precision measurements. To take full advantage of the physics potential of ILC places great demands on the detector performance. The design of ILD is driven by these requirements. Excellent calorimetry and tracking are combined to obtain the best possible overall event reconstruction, including the capability to reconstruct individual particles within jets for particle ow calorimetry. This requires excellent spatial resolution for all detector systems. A highly granular calorimeter system is combined with a central tracker which st...

Abe, Toshinori; Abramowicz, Halina; Adamus, Marek; Adeva, Bernardo; Afanaciev, Konstantin; Aguilar-Saavedra, Juan Antonio; Alabau Pons, Carmen; Albrecht, Hartwig; Andricek, Ladislav; Anduze, Marc; Aplin, Steve J.; Arai, Yasuo; Asano, Masaki; Attie, David; Attree, Derek J.; Burger, Jochen; Bailey, David; Balbuena, Juan Pablo; Ball, Markus; Ballin, James; Barbi, Mauricio; Barlow, Roger; Bartels, Christoph; Bartsch, Valeria; Bassignana, Daniela; Bates, Richard; Baudot, Jerome; Bechtle, Philip; Beck, Jeannine; Beckmann, Moritz; Bedjidian, Marc; Behnke, Ties; Belkadhi, Khaled; Bellerive, Alain; Bentvelsen, Stan; Bergauer, Thomas; Berggren, C.Mikael U.; Bergholz, Matthias; Bernreuther, Werner; Besancon, Marc; Besson, Auguste; Bhattacharya, Sudeb; Bhuyan, Bipul; Biebel, Otmar; Bilki, Burak; Blair, Grahame; Blumlein, Johannes; Bo, Li; Boisvert, Veronique; Bondar, A.; Bonvicini, Giovanni; Boos, Eduard; Boudry, Vincent; Bouquet, Bernard; Bouvier, Joel; Bozovic-Jelisavcic, Ivanka; Brient, Jean-Claude; Brock, Ian; Brogna, Andrea; Buchholz, Peter; Buesser, Karsten; Bulgheroni, Antonio; Butler, John; Buttar, Craig; Buzulutskov, A.F.; Caccia, Massimo; Caiazza, Stefano; Calcaterra, Alessandro; Caldwell, Allen; Callier, Stephane L.C.; Calvo Alamillo, Enrique; Campbell, Michael; Campbell, Alan J.; Cappellini, Chiara; Carloganu, Cristina; Castro, Nuno; Castro Carballo, Maria Elena; Chadeeva, Marina; Chakraborty, Dhiman; Chang, Paoti; Charpy, Alexandre; Chen, Xun; Chen, Shaomin; Chen, Hongfang; Cheon, Byunggu; Choi, Suyong; Choudhary, B.C.; Christen, Sandra; Ciborowski, Jacek; Ciobanu, Catalin; Claus, Gilles; Clerc, Catherine; Coca, Cornelia; Colas, Paul; Colijn, Auke; Colledani, Claude; Combaret, Christophe; Cornat, Remi; Cornebise, Patrick; Corriveau, Francois; Cvach, Jaroslav; Czakon, Michal; D'Ascenzo, Nicola; Da Silva, Wilfrid; Dadoun, Olivier; Dam, Mogens; Damerell, Chris; Danilov, Mikhail; Daniluk, Witold; Daubard, Guillaume; David, Dorte; David, Jacques; De Boer, Wim; De Groot, Nicolo; De Jong, Sijbrand; De Jong, Paul; De La Taille, Christophe; De Masi, Rita; De Roeck, Albert; Decotigny, David; Dehmelt, Klaus; Delagnes, Eric; Deng, Zhi; Desch, Klaus; Dieguez, Angel; Diener, Ralf; Dima, Mihai-Octavian; Dissertori, Gunther; Dixit, Madhu S.; Dolezal, Zdenek; Dolgoshein, Boris A.; Dollan, Ralph; Dorokhov, Andrei; Doublet, Philippe; Doyle, Tony; Doziere, Guy; Dragicevic, Marko; Drasal, Zbynek; Drugakov, Vladimir; Duarte Campderros, Jordi; Dulucq, Frederic; Dumitru, Laurentiu Alexandru; Dzahini, Daniel; Eberl, Helmut; Eckerlin, Guenter; Ehrenfeld, Wolfgang; Eigen, Gerald; Eklund, Lars; Elsen, Eckhard; Elsener, Konrad; Emeliantchik, Igor; Engels, Jan; Evrard, Christophe; Fabbri, Riccardo; Faber, Gerard; Faucci Giannelli, Michele; Faus-Golfe, Angeles; Feege, Nils; Feng, Cunfeng; Ferencei, Jozef; Fernandez Garcia, Marcos; Filthaut, Frank; Fleck, Ivor; Fleischer, Manfred; Fleta, Celeste; Fleury, Julien L.; Fontaine, Jean-Charles; Foster, Brian; Fourches, Nicolas; Fouz, Mary-Cruz; Frank, Sebastian; Frey, Ariane; Frotin, Mickael; Fujii, Hirofumi; Fujii, Keisuke; Fujimoto, Junpei; Fujita, Yowichi; Fusayasu, Takahiro; Fuster, Juan; Gaddi, Andrea; Gaede, Frank; Galkin, Alexei; Galkin, Valery; Gallas, Abraham; Gallin-Martel, Laurent; Gamba, Diego; Gao, Yuanning; Garrido Beltran, Lluis; Garutti, Erika; Gastaldi, Franck; Gaur, Bakul; Gay, Pascal; Gellrich, Andreas; Genat, Jean-Francois; Gentile, Simonetta; Gerwig, Hubert; Gibbons, Lawrence; Ginina, Elena; Giraud, Julien; Giraudo, Giuseppe; Gladilin, Leonid; Goldstein, Joel; Gonzalez Sanchez, Francisco Javier; Gournaris, Filimon; Greenshaw, Tim; Greenwood, Z.D.; Grefe, Christian; Gregor, Ingrid-Maria; Grenier, Gerald Jean; Gris, Philippe; Grondin, Denis; Grunewald, Martin; Grzelak, Grzegorz; Gurtu, Atul; Haas, Tobias; Haensel, Stephan; Hajdu, Csaba; Hallermann, Lea; Han, Liang; Hansen, Peter H.; Hara, Takanori; Harder, Kristian; Hartin, Anthony; Haruyama, Tomiyoshi; Harz, Martin; Hasegawa, Yoji; Hauschild, Michael; He, Qing; Hedberg, Vincent; Hedin, David; Heinze, Isa; Helebrant, Christian; Henschel, Hans; Hensel, Carsten; Hertenberger, Ralf; Herve, Alain; Higuchi, Takeo; Himmi, Abdelkader; Hironori, Kazurayama; Hlucha, Hana; Hommels, Bart; Horii, Yasuyuki; Horvath, Dezso; Hostachy, Jean-Yves; Hou, Wei-Shu; Hu-Guo, Christine; Huang, Xingtao; Huppert, Jean Francois; Ide, Yasuhiro; Idzik, Marek; Iglesias Escudero, Carmen; Ignatenko, Alexandr; Igonkina, Olga; Ikeda, Hirokazu; Ikematsu, Katsumasa; Ikemoto, Yukiko; Ikuno, Toshinori; Imbault, Didier; Imhof, Andreas; Imhoff, Marc; Ingbir, Ronen; Inoue, Eiji

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Microfluidic Large-Scale Integration: The Evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microfluidic Large-Scale Integration: The Evolution of Design Rules for Biological Automation, polydimethylsiloxane Abstract Microfluidic large-scale integration (mLSI) refers to the develop- ment of microfluidic, are discussed. Several microfluidic components used as building blocks to create effective, complex, and highly

Quake, Stephen R.

218

Applied large eddy simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2971-2983. doi:10.1098/rsta.2008.0303 . Audio Supplement Audio Supplement Audio files from the Applied large eddy simulation...fidelity. | Whittle Laboratory, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PZ...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Wednesday, 31 August 2011 00:00 From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

220

Inflation from tachyon condensation, large N effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using only general properties of the tachyon potential we show that inflation may be generic when many branes and antibranes become coincident. Inflation may occur (1) because of the assistance of the many diagonal tachyon fields, (2) when the tachyons condense in a staggered fashion, or (3) when some of them condense very late. We point out that such inflation is in some sense a stringy implementation of chaotic inflation and may have important applications for regularizing a lopsided or singular cosmological compact surface.

Mahbub Majumdar and Anne-Christine Davis

2004-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A 3-Year Climatology of Cloud and Radiative Properties Derived from GOES-8 Data Over the Southern Great Plains  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-Year Climatology of Cloud and Radiative Properties 3-Year Climatology of Cloud and Radiative Properties Derived from GOES-8 Data Over the Southern Great Plains M. M. Khaiyer, A. D. Rapp, D. R. Doelling, and M. L. Nordeen Analytical Service and Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis, W. L. Smith, Jr., and L. Nguyen Atmospheric Sciences Division National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia Introduction While the various instruments maintained at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central Facility (CF) provide detailed cloud and radiation measurements for a small area, satellite cloud property retrievals provide a means of examining the large-scale properties of the surrounding region over an extended period of time. Seasonal and inter-annual

222

Hydraulic fracturing experiments in the Great Northern Coal seam  

SciTech Connect

Two field-scale hydraulic fracturing experiments were performed in vertical boreholes on the lease of Munmorah Colliery located south of Newcastle, NSW. The treatments fractured the 3-meter thick, 220-meter deep Great Northern coal seam and were designed to provide a direct comparison between a borate-crosslinked gel and a water treatment. The fracture geometries were mapped during mining of the coal seam. Geologic mapping disclosed a well-defined coal face cleat and systematic full-seam joints perpendicular to bedding and trending NW. The vertical hydraulic fractures extended along the joint and face cleat direction. Evidence that an early slurry stage of fine mesh proppant acted to block off one of two competing parallel fractures was found at one of the mineback sites.

Jeffrey, R.G.; Weber, C.R.; Vlahovic, W.; Enever, J.R.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

223

Real-time environmental monitoring of the Great Barrier Reef  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Great Barrier Reef (GBR) is the largest natural feature on earth, stretching more than 2300 km along the northeast coast of Australia. It contains a diverse array of species and habitats that are threatened by environmental and human impacts. Monitoring environmental changes would give a better understanding of the health of this ecological system. It would also help shape decision-making to ensure this important natural asset is protected into the future. This paper investigates how environmental information can be collected and brought back to the mainland from the GBR. A novel method of using the evaporation duct above the ocean surface to tunnel radio signals beyond the horizon is proposed for the link to the mainland, and the design of a hybrid power supply is also outlined. A monitoring network for use on Davies Reef, approximately 80 km off the coast of northern Queensland, is used as a case study in this paper.

Adam B. Ruxton; Graham S. Woods; Gilles Gigan; Cameron R. Huddlestone-Holmes

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

The reception and study of Renaissance architecture in Great Britain, 1890-1914  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The writing of Renaissance architectural history in the period 1890-1914 in Great Britain changed dramatically. Despite modernism's tenet of rejecting history from design, Renaissance architectural history in Great Britain ...

Wheeler, Katherine Jean

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

FIA-14-0066 - In the Matter of Great Lakes Wind Truth | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

FIA-14-0066 - In the Matter of Great Lakes Wind Truth FIA-14-0066 - In the Matter of Great Lakes Wind Truth On November 7, 2014, OHA issued a decision granting an Appeal filed by...

226

Great-West Life and London Life London Life, compagnie d'assurance-vie  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Great-West Life and London Life London Life, compagnie d'assurance-vie et La Great-West, compagnie Valley Park Middle School Don Mills, Ontario Sue Trew Holy Name of Mary Secondary School Mississauga

Le Roy, Robert J.

227

Great-West Life and London Life London Life, compagnie d'assurance-vie  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Great-West Life and London Life London Life, compagnie d'assurance-vie et La Great-West, compagnieLoughlin Memorial University of Newfoundland St. John's, Newfoundland Patricia Tinholt Valley Park Middle School Don

Le Roy, Robert J.

228

Student Job (2 positions at Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC))  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Student Job (2 positions at Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC)) Full-time summer job upon experience and qualifications. The Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC) has openings

Liblit, Ben

229

WESTERN GREAT PLAINS RIPARIAN WOODLAND, SHRUBLAND AND HERBACEOUS extent exaggerated for display  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WESTERN GREAT PLAINS RIPARIAN WOODLAND, SHRUBLAND AND HERBACEOUS S.Kettler extent exaggerated ALLIANCE Andropogon gerardii - Sorghastrum nutans Western Great Plains Herbaceous Vegetation CAREX Plains Herbaceous Vegetation TYPHA (ANGUSTIFOLIA, LATIFOLIA) - (SCHOENOPLECTUS SPP.) SEMIPERMANENTLY

230

WHAT MADE BERKELEY GREAT? The Sources of Berkeley's Sustained Academic Excellence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

http://cshe.berkeley.edu/ WHAT MADE BERKELEY GREAT? THEby UCBs leaders to do what is needed to sustain Berkeleysask myself: historically, what made Berkeley great and kept

George W. Breslauer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Great Smoky Mountains National Park Turns to  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Great Smoky Mountains Great Smoky Mountains National Park Turns to Alternative Fuels to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Great Smoky Mountains National Park Turns to Alternative Fuels on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Great Smoky Mountains National Park Turns to Alternative Fuels on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Great Smoky Mountains National Park Turns to Alternative Fuels on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Great Smoky Mountains National Park Turns to Alternative Fuels on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Great Smoky Mountains National Park Turns to Alternative Fuels on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Great Smoky Mountains National Park Turns to Alternative Fuels on AddThis.com...

232

Indiana: the history and archaeology of an early Great Lakes propeller  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . 36 Figure 2-6 The Keating-built Great Lakes schooner 2 Ivin Clark (1846). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Figure 2-7 Hull lines derived from a halfhull builder's model of the Keating- built Great Lakes schooner Vermont (1853.... . . . . . . . . 36 Figure 2-6 The Keating-built Great Lakes schooner 2 Ivin Clark (1846). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Figure 2-7 Hull lines derived from a halfhull builder's model of the Keating- built Great Lakes schooner Vermont (1853...

Robinson, David Stewart

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

233

Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-398 Minnesota Power- Great Northern Transmission Line  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Application from Great Northern (GNTL) to construct, operate and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S. - Canada Border.

234

Soil property database: Southern Great Plains 1997 Hydrology Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

measurement campaigns have been carried out concurrently with large-scale remote sensing hydrologic campaigns surface and the subsurface and the highly nonlinear nature of local-scale water and heat transport head, and unsaturated hydraulic conductivity) and the soil thermal properties (heat capacity, heat

Mohanty, Binayak P.

235

Composting Large Animal Carcasses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disposing of large animal carcasses can be a problem for agricultural producers. Composting is a simple, low-cost method that yields a useful product that can be used as fertilizer. In this publication you'll learn the basics of composting, how...

Auvermann, Brent W.; Mukhtar, Saqib; Heflin, Kevin

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

236

The Large Hadron Collider  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...fully from the space available in...the machine construction. The superconducting...for a single sector, the whole...therefore, as the heating increases...was made, a sector was powered...is a slight heating during ramp...Collider. | The construction of the Large...the limited space available in...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Impacts of Climate Change on the Great Lakes Basin Primary Investigator: Frank H. Quinn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This project ended in 1998 The potential impacts of climate change and variability on the Great Lakes of the Binational Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Basin Climate Change and Variability Project was completedImpacts of Climate Change on the Great Lakes Basin Primary Investigator: Frank H. Quinn

238

2015 Great Plains symposium partners with Nebraska Commission on Indian Affairs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2015 Great Plains symposium partners with Nebraska Commission on Indian Affairs Contacts: Rick Edwards, Center for Great Plains Studies, 402-472-3082, redwards1@unl.edu Judi M. gaiashkibos, Nebraska for Great Plains Studies is announcing a partnership with the Nebraska Commission on Indian Affairs

Farritor, Shane

239

The eustatic and tectonic origin of Neogene unconformities from the Great Australian Bight  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The eustatic and tectonic origin of Neogene unconformities from the Great Australian Bight Q. Li a. Keywords: Miocene^Pliocene; Great Australian Bight; ODP Leg 182; third-order sequence; sea level the slope and continental rise of the Great Australian Bight (GAB) (Feary et al., 2000) (Fig. 1). Using

Li, Qianyu

240

the great invisible pension reform in the uni ted states the economics of social insurance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

126 the great invisible pension reform in the uni ted states 127 the economics of social insurance: 4 the great InvIsIble PensIon reForm In the unIted states Krzysztof Ostaszewski Is the US bankrupt failure around the world 128 the great invisible pension reform in the uni ted states 129 · every working

Ostaszewski, Krzysztof M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

NYSGA 2010 Trip 4 -Olsen Fossil Great Lakes of the Newark Supergroup  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the dinosaurs, the rifting process, carbon sequestration, and chaos in the Solar System. INTRODUCTION: THE TRIASSIC-JURASSIC GREAT LAKES OF CENTRAL PANGEA This guidebook focuses of the deposits, fossils dimension comparable to the scale of the American Great Lakes or the East African Great Lakes and perhaps

Olsen, Paul E.

242

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

243

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

244

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

245

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

246

Great Sitkin Island Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sitkin Island Geothermal Area Sitkin Island Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Great Sitkin Island Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (0) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":52.06666667,"lon":-176.0833333,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

247

Strategic analysis of the Great Canadian Hydroelectric Power Conflict  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The contract negotiation that led to the 1969 agreement between Newfoundland and Labrador,and Quebec, is systemically analyzed within the framework of Graph Model for Conflict Resolution. The Great Canadian Hydroelectric Power Conflict has been ongoing since 1963 and shows no signs of ending. In this dispute, the Province of Quebec has the right to buy almost all of the power generated from the Upper Churchill Falls, which is located in the Labrador territory in Newfoundland and Labrador, at a very low price. Originally, the contract was signed by Churchill Falls Labrador Corporation to secure finances for the Upper Churchill Falls development. The unpopularity of the contract led to several unsuccessful attempts by the Newfoundland and Labrador Government to escape its provisions. Newfoundland and Labrador is currently negotiating to develop the Lower Churchill Project and seeking to avoid the mistakes of the first contract. Furthermore, the automatic renewal clause of the original contract is expected to cause another round of conflict in 2016. The analysis shows that, given the circumstances in which the agreement was signed, the outcome was almost inevitable. Athird party intervener rule could have remediated the damage caused by the conflict.

Yasser T. Matbouli; Keith W. Hipel; D. Marc Kilgour

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

The Distribution of Satellite Galaxies: The Great Pancake  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 11 known satellite galaxies within 250 kpc of the Milky Way lie close to a great circle on the sky. We use high resolution N-body simulations of galactic dark matter halos to test if this remarkable property can be understood within the context of the cold dark matter cosmology. We construct halo merger trees from the simulations and use a semianalytic model to follow the formation of satellite galaxies. We find that in all 6 of our simulations, the 11 brightest satellites are indeed distributed along thin, disk-like structures analogous to that traced by the Milky Way's satellites. This is in sharp contrast to the overall distributions of dark matter in the halo and of subhalos within it which, although triaxial, are not highly aspherical. We find that the spatial distribution of satellites is significantly different from that of the most massive subhalos but is similar to that of the subset of subhalos that had the most massive progenitors at earlier times. The elongated disk-like structure delineated by the satellites has its long axis aligned with the major axis of the dark matter halo. We interpret our results as reflecting the preferential infall of satellites along the spines of a few filaments of the cosmic web.

Noam I Libeskind; Carlos S Frenk; Shaun Cole; John C Helly; Adrian Jenkins; Julio F Navarro; Chris Power

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

249

Great Boiling Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Boiling Springs Geothermal Area Boiling Springs Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Great Boiling Springs Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (0) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.66166667,"lon":-119.3616667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

250

Diatom Genome Helps Explain Their Great Diversity and Success in Trapping  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5, 2008 5, 2008 Diatom Genome Helps Explain Their Great Diversity and Success in Trapping Excess Carbon in Oceans WALNUT CREEK, CA-Diatoms, mighty microscopic algae, have profound influence on climate, producing 20 percent of the oxygen we breathe by capturing atmospheric carbon and in so doing, countering the greenhouse effect. Since their evolutionary origins these photosynthetic wonders have come to acquire advantageous genes from bacterial, animal and plant ancestors enabling them to thrive in today's oceans. These findings, based on the analysis of the latest sequenced diatom genome, Phaeodactylum tricornutum, are published in 15 October edition of the journal Nature by an international team of researchers led by the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) and the Ecole Normale Supérieure of

251

Observed Surface Reflectance Distributions in the Southern Great Plains During ALIVE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Surface Reflectance Distributions Surface Reflectance Distributions in the Southern Great Plains During ALIVE Kirk Knobelspiesse 1 , Brian Cairns 1 , Andrew Lacis 2 , Mikhail Alexandrov 2 , Barbara Carlson 2 and Beat Schmid 3 1 Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University 2 NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies 3 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory * Surface albedo can be measured from the ground with broadband instruments. * Albedo can be measured from space if the atmospheric effect is removed and many view geometries are available. The measured Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) is angularly integrated to compute the albedo. * Studies of the former (Yang, 2006) and the latter (Liang et al. 2005; Wang et al. 2006) do not always agree.

252

Handbook for the GREAT08 Challenge: An image analysis competition for cosmological lensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The GRavitational lEnsing Accuracy Testing 2008 (GREAT08) Challenge focuses on a problem that is of crucial importance for future observations in cosmology. The shapes of distant galaxies can be used to determine the properties of dark energy and the nature of gravity, because light from those galaxies is bent by gravity from the intervening dark matter. The observed galaxy images appear distorted, although only slightly, and their shapes must be precisely disentangled from the effects of pixelisation, convolution and noise. The worldwide gravitational lensing community has made significant progress in techniques to measure these distortions via the Shear TEsting Program (STEP). Via STEP, we have run challenges within our own community, and come to recognise that this particular image analysis problem is ideally matched to experts in statistical inference, inverse problems and computational learning. Thus, in order to continue the progress seen in recent years, we are seeking an infusion of new ideas from the...

Bridle, Sarah; Amara, Adam; Applegate, Douglas; Balan, Sreekumar T; Bernstein, Gary; Berge, Joel; Dahle, Hakon; Erben, Thomas; Gill, Mandeep; Heavens, Alan; Heymans, Catherine; High, Will; Hoekstra, Henk; Jarvis, Mike; Kitching, Thomas; Kneib, Jean-Paul; Kuijken, Konrad; Lagattuta, David; Mandelbaum, Rachel; Massey, Richard; Mellier, Yannick; Moghaddam, Baback; Moudden, Yassir; Nakajima, Reiko; Paulin-Henriksson, Stephane; Pires, Sandrine; Rassat, Anais; Refregier, Alexandre; Rhodes, Jason; Schrabback, Tim; Semboloni, Elisabetta; Shmakova, Marina; van Waerbeke, Ludovic; Voigt, Lisa; Wittman, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Large Business Development Program (Illinois)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Large Business Development Program, administered by the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, provides grants to large businesses for bondable business activities, including...

254

Reduction of fire hazards on large mining equipment  

SciTech Connect

Although standards and regulations are in place to prevent large mining equipment fires, recent analyses of mine accident data show that mining equipment fires still occur with alarming frequency and grave consequences, particularly at all surface mines and in underground metal/nonmetal mines. Recently technological advances in fire protection, combined with the statistical data on equipment fires, led NIOSH to reinvestigate this and to improve operator safety. NIOSH demonstrated that newly developed technologies, such as dual cab fire inerting systems and engine compartment fire barriers, can greatly enhance operator safety and lessen the damage of property during large mobile equipment fires. 10 refs., 5 figs.

Maria I. De Rosa

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Large Spectral Library Problem  

SciTech Connect

Hyperspectral imaging produces a spectrum or vector at each image pixel. These spectra can be used to identify materials present in the image. In some cases, spectral libraries representing atmospheric chemicals or ground materials are available. The challenge is to determine if any of the library chemicals or materials exist in the hyperspectral image. The number of spectra in these libraries can be very large, far exceeding the number of spectral channels collected in the eld. Suppose an image pixel contains a mixture of p spectra from the library. Is it possible to uniquely identify these p spectra? We address this question in this paper and refer to it as the Large Spectral Library (LSL) problem. We show how to determine if unique identication is possible for any given library. We also show that if p is small compared to the number of spectral channels, it is very likely that unique identication is possible. We show that unique identication becomes less likely as p increases.

Chilton, Lawrence K.; Walsh, Stephen J.

2008-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

256

Light propagation in chiral media with large pitch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Light propagation in uniaxial chiral media with large pitch is studied. In these systems there are forbidden zones for extraordinary beams, which lead to effective reflection on zone...

Aksenova, Elena V; Karetnikov, Aleksandr A; Kovshik, Aleksandr P; Kryukov, Evgeny V; Romanov, Vadim P

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Large Superconducting Magnet Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The increase of energy in accelerators over the past decades has led to the design of superconducting magnets for both accelerators and the associated detectors. The use of Nb?Ti superconducting materials allows an increase in the dipole field by up to 10 T compared with the maximum field of 2 T in a conventional magnet. The field bending of the particles in the detectors and generated by the magnets can also be increased. New materials, such as Nb3Sn and high temperature superconductor (HTS) conductors, can open the way to higher fields, in the range 1320 T. The latest generations of fusion machines producing hot plasma also use large superconducting magnet systems.

Vdrine, P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Mathematical Caricature of Large Waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Kadomtsev-Petviiashvili equation is considered as a mathematical caricature of large and rogue waves.

Mikhail Kovalyov

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

259

Division of Water, Part 675: Great Lakes Water Withdrawal Registration Regulations (New York)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These regulations set forth requirements for the registration of water withdrawals and reporting of water losses from the Great Lakes Basin. The regulations apply to water withdrawals from...

260

Anthony Wayne: The History and Archaeology of an Early Great Lakes Steamboat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

History of the Great Lakes Collection TBNMSC Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary Collection x TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT... ........................................................................................................... 365 APPENDIX C ........................................................................................................... 371 APPENDIX D...

Krueger, Bradley Alan

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Heat flow and geothermal studies in the Great Plains  

SciTech Connect

In continental heat flow studies, sedimentary basins are usually avoided because of difficulties in obtaining thermal conductivity measurements and because temperature gradients may contain advective signals caused by moving groundwater. These problems are superimposed in the Denver, Kennedy and Williston Basins where complex geothermal gradients derive both from large contrasts among thermal conductivities of strata and from regional groundwater flow. The occurrence and magnitude of advective heat flow within the Denver, Kennedy and Williston Basins is conceptually consistent with simple models that relate groundwater flow to the piezometric surface and to subsurface structures, i.e., folds and faults. An advective heat flow of +25 mW/m/sup 2/ has been determined for an area in the eastern margin of the Denver Basin, and quantities of +35 mW/m/sup 2/ and +10 MW/m/sup 2/ have been determined respectively for parts of the southeastern and northeastern parts of the Williston Basin. A detailed analysis of bottom hole temperatures obtained from drill holes in the area of the Billings Anticline in the Williston Basin indicates that information on subsurface structures and groundwater flow may be obtained from heat flow studies. Additional information that may be derived from these heat flow studies includes: the occurrence and nature of geothermal resources, oil source rock maturation and secondary migration of petroleum, formation and deposition of strata-bound ores. 43 references.

Gosnold, W.D.; Fischer, D.W.

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

PCB and mercury contamination in great blue heron chicks associated with the Oak Ridge Reservation  

SciTech Connect

The great blue heron (Ardea herodias) has been selected as an environmental indicator by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory as a component of remedial investigation. Chicks were collected from four colonies from 1992 through 1994. Tissues from these chicks were analyzed to determine if PCB and mercury concentrations differed between colonies located on the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) and colonies located off the ORR. Chicks on the ORR contained significantly greater concentrations of PCBs in liver (P = 0.015), muscle (P = 0.060), and fat (P = 0.011) tissue compared to those collected off the ORR. Mercury concentrations also were significantly greater in liver (P = 0.025) and feather (P = 0.001) tissue collected from on-ORR chicks compared to concentrations in chicks collected off the ORR. The K-25 colony, located adjacent to the K-25 Gaseous Diffusion Plant, had significantly greater concentrations of PCBs in fat and mercury in feathers (P < 0.05) compared to the Melton Hill colony also located on the ORR. These results suggest that herons nesting adjacent to K-25 are exposed to elevated concentrations of PCBs and mercury, however, preliminary analysis of reproductive data suggests that these contaminant concentrations do not effect fecundity. The authors feel that further monitoring of these colonies is warranted in order to determine the effectiveness of remedial action.

Brewer, R.; Buehler, D. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Halbrook, R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

263

Finite N from Resurgent Large N  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to instanton effects, gauge-theoretic large N expansions yield asymptotic series, in powers of 1/N^2. The present work shows how to generically make such expansions meaningful via their completion into resurgent transseries, encoding both perturbative and nonperturbative data. Large N resurgent transseries compute gauge-theoretic finite N results nonperturbatively (no matter how small N is). Explicit calculations are carried out within the gauge theory prototypical example of the quartic matrix model. Due to integrability in the matrix model, it is possible to analytically compute (fixed integer) finite N results. At the same time, the large N resurgent transseries for the free energy of this model was recently constructed. Together, it is shown how the resummation of the large N resurgent transseries matches the analytical finite N results up to remarkable numerical accuracy. Due to lack of Borel summability, Stokes phenomena has to be carefully taken into account, implying that instantons play a dominan...

Couso-Santamara, Ricardo; Vaz, Ricardo

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

The Effects of Great Plains Irrigation on the Surface Energy Balance, Regional Circulation, and Precipitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the net radiation at the surface, channeling that energy into additional latent heat flux, which increases convective available potential energy and provides downstream convective systems with additional energy and moisture. Most noteworthy in this study...

Huber, David B.; Brunsell, Nathaniel A.; Mechem, David B.

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

265

Great Lakes Ice Cycle Primary Investigator: Raymond Assel -NOAA GLERL (Emeritus)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and cooling water intakes, and damaging shoreline structures. The ice cover also has an impact on the waterGreat Lakes Ice Cycle Primary Investigator: Raymond Assel - NOAA GLERL (Emeritus) Co Board The formation, duration, and extent of ice cover on the Great Lakes has a major impact

266

Australian Journal of Earth Sciences (2003) 50, 113128 Middle and Late Eocene Great Australian Bight  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Eocene, Eucla Basin, foraminifers, Great Australian Bight, Oligocene, sea-floor spreading, sea Bight lithobiostratigraphy and stepwise evolution of the southern Australian continental margin Q. LI1. Middle to Upper Eocene carbonates recovered at ODP Leg 182 sites from the Great Australian Bight comprise

Li, Qianyu

267

GCI Monthly A publication of the Great Cities Institute at the University of Illinois at Chicago  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 GCI Monthly A publication of the Great Cities Institute at the University of Illinois. I hope the summer treated you well, and that you can join us at Great Cities with renewed energy at the University of Illinois at Chicago. She holds a PhD degree in Computer Science from the University of Toronto

Illinois at Chicago, University of

268

Improved Great Lakes Ice Cover Climatology Primary Investigator: Raymond Assel -NOAA GLERL (Emeritus)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

will document the procedures used to develop the weekly ice cover statistics produced in the NOAA Great LakesImproved Great Lakes Ice Cover Climatology Primary Investigator: Raymond Assel - NOAA GLERL (Emeritus) Co-Investigators: Thomas Croley - NOAA GLERL (Emeritus) Overview Ice cover affects mass

269

GRC Transactions, Vol. 29, 2005 Geothermal, GIS, potential, favorability, Great Basin, map  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

_gis2. htm) of the Great Basin Center for Geothermal Energy (GBC- GE). This map allows for separate to host high-temperature (> 150° C) geothermal systems capable of producing electrical energy. ThreeGRC Transactions, Vol. 29, 2005 223 Keywords Geothermal, GIS, potential, favorability, Great Basin

270

Technical background document for the Great Lakes water quality guidance implementation procedures compliance cost study  

SciTech Connect

The document presents the detailed results of the evaluations performed to estimate the compliance costs related to the proposed Great Lakes Water Quality Guidance. Specifically, the document provides the results of the individual evaluations performed on the 59 sample facilities selected to represent the direct discharges to the Great Lakes System.

Parikh, P.; Fenner, K.; Podar, M.; Snyder, B.

1993-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

271

Active Geothermal Systems And Associated Gold Deposits In The Great Basin |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Systems And Associated Gold Deposits In The Great Basin Geothermal Systems And Associated Gold Deposits In The Great Basin Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Active Geothermal Systems And Associated Gold Deposits In The Great Basin Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: In western North America, a number of geothermal systems derive their heat from magmas or cooling intrusions. The interior of the Great Basin however, is characterized by widespread amagmatic geothermal activity that owes its existence to high crustal heat flow and active extensional tectonics. Both the magmatically heated and extensional fluid types in the Great Basin have recently, or are currently, depositing gold. Quaternary to Pliocene-aged gold deposits with adjacent high-temperature (≤ 150°C)

272

A Map Of Geothermal Potential For The Great Basin, Usa- Recognition Of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Of Geothermal Potential For The Great Basin, Usa- Recognition Of Of Geothermal Potential For The Great Basin, Usa- Recognition Of Multiple Geothermal Environments Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: A Map Of Geothermal Potential For The Great Basin, Usa- Recognition Of Multiple Geothermal Environments Details Activities (8) Areas (4) Regions (0) Abstract: A 1:1,000,000 scale geothermal favorability map of the Great Basin is currently being published through the Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology (NBMG) and is now available at the web site (http://www.unr.edu/geothermal/geothermal_gis2. htm) of the Great Basin Center for Geothermal Energy (GBCGE). This map allows for separate assessment of the potential for magmatically heated and extensional-type geothermal systems. Added to the map are temperature gradient wells from

273

Quaternary Borate Deposits As A Geothermal Exploration Tool In The Great  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Quaternary Borate Deposits As A Geothermal Exploration Tool In The Great Quaternary Borate Deposits As A Geothermal Exploration Tool In The Great Basin Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Quaternary Borate Deposits As A Geothermal Exploration Tool In The Great Basin Details Activities (4) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: A close spatial relationship exists between Quaternary borate deposits and moderate to high temperature (>=150oC) geothermal systems in the western part of the Great Basin. Similarly, a strong correlation exists between high concentrations of boron in groundwater and geothermal activity in the Great Basin. These relationships hae special significance for geothermal exploraion becauase ina number of cases, Quaternary surface borates occur without associated springs, and thus the borates can, and

274

EIS-0408: Upper Great Plains Programmatic Wind EIS | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: Upper Great Plains Programmatic Wind EIS 8: Upper Great Plains Programmatic Wind EIS EIS-0408: Upper Great Plains Programmatic Wind EIS Summary This EIS, being prepared jointly by DOE's Western Area Power Administration and the Department of the Interior's Fish and Wildlife Service, will evaluate the environmental impacts of wind energy development in Iowa, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota - Western's Upper Great Plains customer service region. Western will use the EIS to implement a comprehensive regional program to manage interconnection requests for wind energy projects. Public Comment Opportunities None available at this time. Documents Available for Download March 22, 2013 EIS-0408: Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Upper Great Plains Programmatic Wind EIS

275

How Effective Are Clinical Pathways With and Without Online Peer-Review? An Analysis of Bone Metastases Pathway in a Large, Integrated National Cancer Institute-Designated Comprehensive Cancer Center Network  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Clinical pathways are an important tool used to manage the quality in health care by standardizing processes. This study evaluated the impact of the implementation of a peer-reviewed clinical pathway in a large, integrated National Cancer Institute-Designated Comprehensive Cancer Center Network. Methods: In 2003, we implemented a clinical pathway for the management of bone metastases with palliative radiation therapy. In 2009, we required the entry of management decisions into an online tool that records pathway choices. The pathway specified 1 or 5 fractions for symptomatic bone metastases with the option of 10-14 fractions for certain clinical situations. The data were obtained from 13 integrated sites (3 central academic, 10 community locations) from 2003 through 2010. Results: In this study, 7905 sites were treated with 64% of courses delivered in community practice and 36% in academic locations. Academic practices were more likely than community practices to treat with 1-5 fractions (63% vs. 23%; p < 0.0001). The number of delivered fractions decreased gradually from 2003 to 2010 for both academic and community practices (p < 0.0001); however, greater numbers of fractions were selected more often in community practices (p < 0.0001). Using multivariate logistic regression, we found that a significantly greater selection of 1-5 fractions developed after implementation online pathway monitoring (2009) with an odds ratio of 1.2 (confidence interval, 1.1-1.4) for community and 1.3 (confidence interval, 1.1-1.6) for academic practices. The mean number of fractions also decreased after online peer review from 6.3 to 6.0 for academic (p = 0.07) and 9.4 to 9.0 for community practices (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: This is one of the first studies to examine the efficacy of a clinical pathway for radiation oncology in an integrated cancer network. Clinical pathway implementation appears to be effective in changing patterns of care, particularly with online clinical peer review as a valuable aid to encourage adherence to evidence-based practice.

Beriwal, Sushil, E-mail: beriwals@upmc.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Rajagopalan, Malolan S.; Flickinger, John C.; Rakfal, Susan M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Rodgers, Edwin [Via Oncology, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Heron, Dwight E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

276

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Building Survey Information Database of Buildings over 100 Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems research project, one of six research elements in the Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design of Small Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated

277

The great ``retail wheeling`` illusion, and more productive energy futures  

SciTech Connect

This paper sets out the reasons why many environmental and public interest organizations oppose retail wheeling. Cavanagh argues that retail wheeling would destroy incentives for energy efficiency improvements and renewable energy generation--benefits that reduce long-term energy service costs to society as a whole. The current debate over the competitive restructuring of the electric power industry is critical from both economic and environmental perspectives. All attempts to introduce broad-scale retail wheeling in the United States have failed; instead, state regulators are choosing a path that emphasizes competition and choice, but acknowledges fundamental differences between wholesale and retail markets. Given the physical laws governing the movement of power over centrally controlled grids, the choice offered to customers through retail wheeling of electricity is a fiction -- a re-allocation of costs is all that is really possible. Everyone wants to be able to claim the cheapest electricity on the system; unfortunately, there is not enough to go around. By endorsing the fiction of retail wheeling for certain types of customers, regulators would be recasting the retail electricity business as a kind of commodity exchange. That would reward suppliers who could minimize near-term unit costs of electricity while simultaneously destroying incentives for many investments, including cost-effective energy efficiency improvements and renewable energy generation, that reduce long-term energy service costs to society as a whole. This result, which has been analogized unpersuasively to trends in telecommunications and natural gas regulation, is neither desirable nor inevitable. States should go on saying no to retail wheeling in order to be able to create something better: regulatory reforms that align utility and societal interests in pursuing a least-cost energy future. An appendix contains notes on some recent Retail Wheeling Campaigns.

Cavanagh, R.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

278

Great lakes fluidized-bed combustion. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A program was conducted to design, construct, and operate an industrial fluidized bed combustion (FBC) boiler demonstration plant with a capacity of 50,000 lb/h steam. The following were the objectives of the program: (1) to extend the fluidized bed boiler design by employing natural circulation cooling; (2) to design, build, operate, test, and demonstrate a fluidized bed boiler that could burn high sulfur coal in an environmentally acceptable manner; and (3) to obtain sufficient data for industry to make an objective appraisal of fluidized bed coal burning boilers. Following a five-year design, development, and construction effort, the demonstration plant was first operated in June of 1981. Initial operation identified several equipment and operating problems, particularly in the areas of the fuel preparation and fuel feed systems. Unit operation and availability steadily improved, culminating in a 30-day continuous run ending in May 1982. Following shutdown, major problem areas such as bed tube failures were addressed by C-E and rectified prior to the start of the test program. Shakedown/testing operation commenced on August 12, 1983. The objectives for the test program were to establish the unit operating conditions required to optimize SO/sub 2/ removal and combustion efficiency for different operating modes, and to evaluate the long-term performance of components which are essential for reliable FBC operation. A total of 23 tests were run from February 16, 1984 to April 19, 1984. The test results demonstrated that FBC is an environmentally and commercially sound technology. Specificially, the required sulfur removal, low NO/sub x//CO emissions and high combustion efficiencies can be readily achieved. This report identifies the effects of recycle, excess air, Ca/S mole ratio, and overfire air on combustion efficiency, boiler efficiency, and emissions. 6 refs., 97 figs., 8 tabs.

Not Available

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Best Practices for Sustainable WInd Energy Development in the Great Lakes Region and Beyond  

SciTech Connect

This document offers a menu of 18 different, yet complimentary preferred practices and policies. The best practices cover all phases of the wind energy development process - from the policies that allow for wind development, to the sustainable operation of a wind project, to the best practices for decommissioning a spent turbine - including applications for offshore wind. The practices include those that have been previously tested and proven effective, as well as new practices that were identified by experts in the field as needed for future wind developments. Each best practice includes information about the opportunities and challenges (pros and cons), and offers a case example that illustrates how that best practice is being utilized by a particular jurisdiction or wind project. The practices described in this publication were selected by a diverse group of interests from the Great Lakes Wind Collaborative that included environmental groups, industry, and federal, state and local government regulators. They were identified through a year long process that included a literature review, online survey and interviews with individuals from the public, private and non-profit sectors.

Great Lakes Commission; Victoria Pebbles; John Hummer; Celia Haven

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

280

Assessment of compliance costs resulting from implementation of the proposed Great Lakes water quality guidance  

SciTech Connect

The primary purpose of the study was to develop an estimate of the incremental cost to direct dischargers resulting from the implementation of the proposed Great Lakes Water Quality Guidance (GLWQG). This estimate reflects the incremental cost of complying with permit requirements developed using the Implementation Procedures and water quality criteria proposed in the GLWQG versus permit requirements based on existing State water quality standards. Two secondary analyses were also performed, one to develop a preliminary estimate of the costs that would be incurred by indirect dischargers to publicly owned treatment works (POTWs), and another to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the GLWQG. Finally, several sensitivity analyses were performed to evaluate the impact of several major assumptions on the estimated compliance costs. To estimate compliance costs, permit limitations and conditions based on existing State water quality standards were compared to water quality-based limitations and conditions based on the proposed GLWQG criteria and Implementation Procedures for a sample of plants. The control measures needed to comply with the proposed GLWQG-based effluent limitations were evaluated. Individual plant compliance costs were estimated for these control measures based on information on treatment technology and cost analyses available in the literature. An overall compliance cost was projected from the sample based on statistical methods.

Fenner, K.; Podar, M.; Snyder, B.

1993-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

The Great Lakes comprise the largest freshwater ecosystem on Earth. The restoration and protection of the Great Lakes is vital as they contain 95 percent of the surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by expanding and enhancing many existing programs and implementing new innovative projects that address Targeted for Remediation Nearshore Health and Nonpoint Source Pollution · Decision Support Tools is an important complement to AOC remediation investments. Great Lakes Sediment Contamination Database High

282

LARGE-APERTURE D- ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vignetted current profile at accelerator entrance aperture 'LARGE-APERTURE D" ACCELERATORS* 0. A. Anderson" " Lawrencen i a 9-1720 Abstract Accelerator designs are described for

Anderson, O.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Taking the 'Large' out of Large Hadron Collider: Computational Breakthrough  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home » News & Publications » News » Science News » Taking the 'Large' out of Large Hadron Collider Taking the 'Large' out of Large Hadron Collider Computational breakthrough hastens modeling of 'tabletop accelerators' August 9, 2010 | Tags: Accelerator Science Contact: Margie Wylie | mwylie@lbl.gov | 510-486-7421 mori1 This 3D simulation shows how laser pulses create plasma wakes that propel electrons forward, much as a surfer is propelled forward by an ocean wave. Laser wakefield acceleration promises electron accelerators that are thousands of times more powerful than, yet a fraction the size of, conventional radio frequency devices. Particle accelerators like the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN are the big rock stars of high-energy physics-really big. The LHC cost nearly

284

Calling all great examples of open government data | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calling all great examples of open government data Calling all great examples of open government data Developer Data Web Services Source Code Challenges Semantic Web Blogs Let's Talk Developers You are here Data.gov » Communities » Developers » Forums Calling all great examples of open government data Submitted by Jeanne Holm on Mon, 11/15/2010 - 5:49am Log in to vote 5 There are so many great examples of open government data being published. We've linked to some of them at http://www.data.gov/community, but so many more exist. What sites do you know of? Which countries are making their data more open and their operations more transparent? Add new comment Open Government Best Practices Permalink Submitted by Aftab Datta on Mon, 11/15/2010 - 11:28am. New Zealand representative at the IOGDC gave a success story on open

285

Regional Gravity Survey of the Northern Great Salt Lake Desert and Adjacent  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gravity Survey of the Northern Great Salt Lake Desert and Adjacent Gravity Survey of the Northern Great Salt Lake Desert and Adjacent Areas in Utah, Nevada, and Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Regional Gravity Survey of the Northern Great Salt Lake Desert and Adjacent Areas in Utah, Nevada, and Idaho Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: From 1957 to 1961 a regional gravity survey was made over the northern part of the Great Salt Lake Desert and adjacent areas in Utah, eastern Nevada, and southeastern Idaho. A total of 1040 stations were taken over an area of about 7000 square miles. The results were compiled as a Bouguer gravity anomaly map with a contour interval of 2 mgal. The Bouguer values ranged from a high of about -120 mgal over the outcrop areas to a

286

Application of Mwp to the Great December 26, 2004 Sumatra Earthquake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A great earthquake of Mw9.0 (Harvard) occurred off of northwestern Sumatra on December 26, 2004 (UTC), causing an unprecedented ... magnitude of the multiple ruptures of the complex December 26 main-shock, and is...

Kenji Kanjo; Tomomichi Furudate; Seiji Tsuboi

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Use of an Observation Network in the Great Basin to Evaluate Gridded Climate Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Predicting sharp hydroclimatic gradients in the complex terrain of the Great Basin can prove to be challenging because of the lack of climate observations that are gradient focused. Furthermore, evaluating gridded data products (GDPs) of climate ...

Daniel J. McEvoy; John F. Mejia; Justin L. Huntington

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Training Program Plan for the Sales Department of Great Western Manufacturing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This field project for the Masters of Science in Engineering Management at the University of Kansas was designed to provide a layout for a training program for the Sales Department of Great Western Manufacturing. It began with a literature review...

Wiley, Katherine

2011-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

289

Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Basin Water Resources Compact (multi-state)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Act describes the management of the Great Lakes - St. Lawrence River basin, and regulates water withdrawals, diversions, and consumptive uses from the basin. The Act establishes a Council,...

290

Measurements and Modelling in the Great Belt: a Unique Opportunity for Model Verification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Environmental studies initiated in conjunction with construction of a bridge across the Great Belt will offer some remarkable opportunities for scientific investigations. In this paper we provide some backgrou...

David M. Farmer; Jacob Steen Mller

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

E-Print Network 3.0 - american great plains Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OKLAHOMA THE ECOLOGY OF THEWESTERN OKLAHOMA Summary: at no great depth. 3. The Cherokee Salt Plain is the largest one in the State, having a roughly circular shape... FIGURE...

292

The Five Great Space Repository Bodhisattvas: Lineage, Protection and Celestial Authority in Ninth-Century Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation explores the protective role of the Five Great Space Repository Bodhisattva (Godai Kokuzo Bosastu) sculptural pentads in Japan during the mid-ninth-century. While existing art historical scholarship regarding these sculptures...

Pedersen, Hillary

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

293

The Operational Implementation of a Great Lakes Wave Forecasting System at NOAA/NCEP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of a Great Lakes wave forecasting system at NOAAs National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) is described. The system is an implementation of the WAVEWATCH III model, forced with atmospheric data from NCEPs regional ...

Jose-Henrique G. M. Alves; Arun Chawla; Hendrik L. Tolman; David Schwab; Gregory Lang; Greg Mann

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Observations of the Great Southern Comet 1880, I. made at Monte Video  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... 1880 Royal Astronomical Society. Provided by the NASA Astrophysics Data System 12 March 1880 research-article Articles Observations of the Great Southern Comet 1880, I. made at Monte Video Lieut. B. Gwynne 1880MNRAS..40..295G...

B. Gwynne

1880-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

295

Drought Recurrence in the Great Plains as Reconstructedfrom Long-Term Tree-Ring Records  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently collected tree-ring data were used to reconstruct drought from 1700 to the present in four regionsflanking the Great Plains. Regions were centered in Iowa, Oklahoma, eastern Montana and eastern Wyoming.Reconstructions derived by multiple ...

Charles W. Stockton; David M. Meko

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

A house four all seasons : a suggested habitation model for Great Barrington  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Great Barrington, Massachusetts. A naturally beautiful setting combined with four distinct weather seasons dictates a lifestyle for this small South Berkshire town's residents and visitors alike. This thesis proposes that ...

Davis, Jeffrey R

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

It Is Great That We Have Environment to Exchange Ideas | Center...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Is Great That We Have Environment to Exchange Ideas 17 Mar 2014 Katie WongCarter is a graduate student in the laboratories of Professors Ana Moore and Tom Moore. She is working on...

298

Have a great idea about how to cut the cost of solar panel installatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Have a great idea about how to cut the cost of solar panel installation? Home > Groups > Buildings Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(107) Contributor 7 November, 2014 - 12:13 As prices...

299

Two Nerds . . . One Love . . . and A Great Golden Ring | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nerds . . . One Love . . . and A Great Golden Ring Nerds . . . One Love . . . and A Great Golden Ring Two Nerds . . . One Love . . . and A Great Golden Ring August 17, 2011 - 4:26pm Addthis Two scientists got engaged in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory in New York. | Video from The Daily Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science The work of the Energy Department has led to many scientific and technological breakthroughs. Today, we're highlighting a different kind of breakthrough - the engagement of two former Office of Science interns, who recently celebrated 'the nerdiest engagement ever' at a great golden ring. Dave Mosher and Kendra Snyder were both interns at the Energy Department's Fermilab, a high-energy physics center located close to Chicago, although

300

Shielding and grounding in large detectors  

SciTech Connect

Prevention of electromagnetic interference (EMI), or ``noise pickup,`` is an important design aspect in large detectors in accelerator environments. Shielding effectiveness as a function of shield thickness and conductivity vs the type and frequency of the interference field is described. Noise induced in transmission lines by ground loop driven currents in the shield is evaluated and the importance of low shield resistance is emphasized. Some measures for prevention of ground loops and isolation of detector-readout systems are discussed.

Radeka, V.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Housing Archetype Analysis for Home Energy-Efficient Retrofit in the Great Lakes Region  

SciTech Connect

This project report details activities and results of the 'Market Characterization' project undertaken by the Cost Effective Energy Retrofit (CEER) team targeted toward the DOE goal of achieving 30%-50% reduction in existing building energy use. CEER consists of members from the Dow Chemical Company, Michigan State University, Ferris State University and Habitat for Humanity Kent County. The purpose of this market characterization project was to identify housing archetypes which are dominant within Great Lakes region and therefore offer significant potential for energy-efficient retrofit research and implementation due to the substantial number of homes possessing similar characteristics. Understanding the characteristics of housing groups referred to as 'archetypes' by vintage, style, and construction characteristics can allow research teams to focus their retrofit research and develop prescriptive solutions for those structure types which are prevalent and offer high potential uptake within a region or market. Key research activities included; literature review, statistical analysis of national and regional data of the American Housing Survey (AHS) collected by the U.S. Census Bureau, analysis of Michigan specific data, development of a housing taxonomy of architectural styles, case studies of two local markets (i.e., Ann Arbor and Grand Rapids in Michigan) and development of a suggested framework (or process) for characterizing local markets. In order to gain a high level perspective, national and regional data from the U.S. Census Bureau was analyzed using cross tabulations, multiple regression models, and logistic regression to characterize the housing stock and determine dominant house types using 21 variables.

Kim, S. K.; Mrozowski, T.; Harrell-Seyburn, A.; Ehrlich, N.; Hembroff, L.; Bieburn, B.; Mazor, M.; McIntyre, A.; Mutton, C.; Parsons, G.; Syal, M. G.; Wilkinson, R.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Investigation of MAGMA chambers in the Western Great Basin. Final report, 9 June 1982-31 October 1985  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes efforts made by the Seismological Laboratory toward the detection and delineation of shallow crustal zones in the western Great Basin, and toward the development of methods to accomplish such detection. The work centers around the recently-active volcanic center near Long Valley, California. The work effort is broken down into three tasks: (1) network operations, (2) data analysis and interpretation, and (3) the study of shallow crustal amomalies (magma bodies). Section (1) describes the efforts made to record thousand of earthquakes near the Long Valley caldera, and focusses on the results obtained for the November 1984 round Valley earthquake. Section (2) describes the major effort of this contract, which was to quantify the large volume of seismic data being recorded as it pertains to the goals of this contract. Efforts described herein include (1) analysis of earthquake focal mechanisms, and (2) the classification, categorization, and interpretation of unusual seismic phases in terms of reflections and refractions from shallow-crustal anomalous zones. Section (3) summarizes the status of our research to date on the locations of magma bodies, with particular emphasis on a location corresponding to the map location of the south end of Hilton Creek fault. Five lines of independent evidence suggest that magma might be associated with this spot. Finally, new evidence on the large magma bodies within the Long Valley caldera, of interest to the DOE deep drilling project, is presented.

Peppin, W.A.

1986-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

303

The US Department of Energy Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center: Midwestern Biomass as a Resource for Renewable Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center is one of three Bioenergy Research Centers establish by the US Department...

Steven Slater; Kenneth Keegstra; Timothy J. Donohue

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Nitrogen expander cycles for large capacity liquefaction of natural gas  

SciTech Connect

Thermodynamic study is performed on nitrogen expander cycles for large capacity liquefaction of natural gas. In order to substantially increase the capacity, a Brayton refrigeration cycle with nitrogen expander was recently added to the cold end of the reputable propane pre-cooled mixed-refrigerant (C3-MR) process. Similar modifications with a nitrogen expander cycle are extensively investigated on a variety of cycle configurations. The existing and modified cycles are simulated with commercial process software (Aspen HYSYS) based on selected specifications. The results are compared in terms of thermodynamic efficiency, liquefaction capacity, and estimated size of heat exchangers. The combination of C3-MR with partial regeneration and pre-cooling of nitrogen expander cycle is recommended to have a great potential for high efficiency and large capacity.

Chang, Ho-Myung; Park, Jae Hoon; Gwak, Kyung Hyun [Hong Ik University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Seoul, 121-791 (Korea, Republic of); Choe, Kun Hyung [Korea Gas Corporation, Incheon, 406-130 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

305

Center for Great Plains Studies University of Nebraska | www.unl.edu/plains | 402-472-3082  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center for Great Plains Studies University of Nebraska | www.unl.edu/plains | 402-472-3082 2015 41st Annual Great Plains Studies Symposium with the Nebraska Commission on Indian Affairs A combined effort from the University of Nebraska's Center for Great Plains Studies and the Nebraska Commission

Farritor, Shane

306

Large Sheet Process Consolidation Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this project is to reduce labor costs through the consolidation of large sheet processes into the Beta and Alpha manufacturing plants. The consolidation of equipment and departments will allow for the reduction of indirect labor...

Johnson, Keith

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

307

Extra-Large Memory Nodes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

need. Interactive Jobs with X-windows Forwarding To use large analytical tools such as Matlab, you can request an interactive job with X-windows forwarding enabled. Running the...

308

Evaluating Benefits of Idling Restrictions in a Large Northern City  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

While an anti-idling law in a large northern city has brought about the deployment of anti-idling technologies in city vehicles, it has not had the same effect on some classes of private vehicles.

309

Large and Small (Far and Near) Liquid Argon Detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

estimate given on p. 19. $112M for a 50 kton detector (incl. 30% contingency). Refrigeration (100 kW @ 90K module. 5 #12;7. Modularity. Most cost effective to build a single, large module. 50403020100 Number

McDonald, Kirk

310

Fueling the Navy's Great Green Fleet with Advanced Biofuels | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fueling the Navy's Great Green Fleet with Advanced Biofuels Fueling the Navy's Great Green Fleet with Advanced Biofuels Fueling the Navy's Great Green Fleet with Advanced Biofuels December 5, 2011 - 5:44pm Addthis Idaho National Laboratory describes R&D efforts to transform raw biomass into quality feedstocks for the production of renewable fuels, power and bioproducts. Aaron Crowell Senior Technical Research Analyst What does this project do? Develops and utilizes domestically produced biofuels to make our military and the nation more secure. From transporting the oil necessary to fuel jets and vehicles to supplying battery packs to infantry, energy plays a central role in almost everything the U.S. military does. Because of this reliance, it's imperative that the military cultivate energy sources that are not subject to the whims of

311

Geek-Up[6.10.2011]: Thermoelectrics' Great Power, Key Ingredient in Bone's  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10.2011]: Thermoelectrics' Great Power, Key Ingredient in 10.2011]: Thermoelectrics' Great Power, Key Ingredient in Bone's Nanostructure Geek-Up[6.10.2011]: Thermoelectrics' Great Power, Key Ingredient in Bone's Nanostructure June 10, 2011 - 5:07pm Addthis Data image on lead telluride thermal conductivity | Photo Courtesy of Oak Ridge National Laboratory Data image on lead telluride thermal conductivity | Photo Courtesy of Oak Ridge National Laboratory Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Identifying a key ingredient in bone's nanostructure may help treat and prevent bone diseases such as osteoporosis and develop new light-weight, high-strength materials for innovative technologies. Advanced thermoelectric materials could be used to develop vehicle

312

Fall Is a Great Time for Energy Awareness | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fall Is a Great Time for Energy Awareness Fall Is a Great Time for Energy Awareness Fall Is a Great Time for Energy Awareness September 21, 2010 - 11:17am Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL A lot of people wait until the first of year to set goals and make life changes, but I think the change of seasons is a good time to think about these things, especially when it comes to energy use and saving strategies. Heating and cooling account for roughly 43% of an average home's energy use, so as the weather changes, how you use and save much of the energy for your home will obviously change as well. It's for these reasons that we created the seasonal Energy Savers Web site, which teaches you to stay cool and save money in the spring and summer, and stay warm and save money in the fall and winter.

313

Composting with My Wiggly Friends - or, The Great Escape That Never  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Composting with My Wiggly Friends - or, The Great Escape That Never Composting with My Wiggly Friends - or, The Great Escape That Never Happened Composting with My Wiggly Friends - or, The Great Escape That Never Happened April 6, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis John Lippert It's hard for many of us of the "me" generation to think about being careful and conserving energy, even when it directly affects our pocketbooks. We leave the lights and television on when there's no one in the room, despite the fact that this specific action-or lack of action-increases our electricity consumption, raising our next electric bill. How much harder is it for us to take steps that may benefit our community, or society, but that are harder to discern how they affect us economically? My wife, Jane, and I have been composting for more than a dozen years.

314

Fall Is a Great Time for Energy Awareness | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fall Is a Great Time for Energy Awareness Fall Is a Great Time for Energy Awareness Fall Is a Great Time for Energy Awareness September 21, 2010 - 11:17am Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL A lot of people wait until the first of year to set goals and make life changes, but I think the change of seasons is a good time to think about these things, especially when it comes to energy use and saving strategies. Heating and cooling account for roughly 43% of an average home's energy use, so as the weather changes, how you use and save much of the energy for your home will obviously change as well. It's for these reasons that we created the seasonal Energy Savers Web site, which teaches you to stay cool and save money in the spring and summer, and stay warm and save money in the fall and winter.

315

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Great Lakes Carbon Corp - IL 21  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Great Lakes Carbon Corp - IL 21 Great Lakes Carbon Corp - IL 21 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: GREAT LAKES CARBON CORP. ( IL.21 ) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 333 North Michigan Avenue , Chicago , Illinois IL.21-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 IL.21-1 Site Operations: Facility performed a limited amount of nuclear fuel fabrication in the 1950s. Facility also developed graphite production under an AEC contract. IL.21-1 IL.21-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote due to limited scope of activities performed IL.21-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes IL.21-3 Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium, Thorium IL.21-3 Radiological Survey(s): Yes IL.21-3

316

New CO2 Enhanced Recovery Technology Could Greatly Boost U.S. Oil |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CO2 Enhanced Recovery Technology Could Greatly Boost U.S. Oil CO2 Enhanced Recovery Technology Could Greatly Boost U.S. Oil New CO2 Enhanced Recovery Technology Could Greatly Boost U.S. Oil March 3, 2006 - 11:40am Addthis WASHINGTON , D.C. - The Department of Energy (DOE) released today reports indicating that state-of-the-art enhanced oil recovery techniques could significantly increase recoverable oil resources of the United States in the future. According to the findings, 89 billion barrels or more could eventually be added to the current U.S. proven reserves of 21.4 billion barrels. "These promising new technologies could further help us reduce our reliance on foreign sources of oil," Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman said. "By using the proven technique of carbon sequestration, we get the double

317

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute disinhibiting effects Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

excitation or inhibi- tion of the globus pallidus with relatively little effect on firing... - rons. This effect is particularly robust and results in the great majority of...

318

Atmospheric Mercury in the Great Lakes Region An Evaluation of the Community Multiscale Air Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atmospheric Mercury in the Great Lakes Region An Evaluation of the Community Multiscale Air Quality Tracey Holloway #12;i Abstract Atmospheric mercury is a significant source for methylmercury (Me. In order to control MeHg exposures, policy-makers need a clear understanding of the atmospheric mercury

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

319

FALL/WINTER 2011 11 great deal of planning is required  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the needed transit trips for a given day. Extraboard-Driver Workforce Planning for Bus Transit Operations that help monitor bus transit workforce efficiency and support better transit workforce planning; to analyzeFALL/WINTER 2011 11 A great deal of planning is required to provide safe and reliable bus service

Gupta, Diwakar

320

Low-rank coal research: Volume 3, Combustion research: Final report. [Great Plains  

SciTech Connect

Volume III, Combustion Research, contains articles on fluidized bed combustion, advanced processes for low-rank coal slurry production, low-rank coal slurry combustion, heat engine utilization of low-rank coals, and Great Plains Gasification Plant. These articles have been entered individually into EDB and ERA. (LTN)

Mann, M. D.; Hajicek, D. R.; Zobeck, B. J.; Kalmanovitch, D. P.; Potas, T. A.; Maas, D. J.; Malterer, T. J.; DeWall, R. A.; Miller, B. G.; Johnson, M. D.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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321

Bad money and distributive conflict: is stagflation coming back after the great depression?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Bad money and distributive conflict: is stagflation coming back after the great depression? Angel is that bad money has been (endogenously) delivered which did not lead to a proportionate increase of real to limit the artificial increase of assets prices, the circulating bad money may trigger a generalized

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

322

2nd Owl Symposium Great Gray Owl ( Strix nebulosa ) Breeding Habitat Use W ithin Alter ed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hole Mountain Range 40 km west of the valley. Wher eas most of the known Great Gray Owl nests habitat in montane for ests in the foothills of the moun- tains that surr ound T eton Valley. This rural of the Island Park cauldera appr oxi- mately 60-80 km north of T eton Valley, and in the foothills of the Big

323

Assessing Naturalness in Northern Great Lakes Forests Based on Historical Land-Cover and Vegetation Changes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessing Naturalness in Northern Great Lakes Forests Based on Historical Land-Cover and Vegetation was developed to assess to what degree landscapes represent a natural state. Protected areas are often regarded into naturalness assessments and the results provide useful information for future park management. More broadly

324

Epidemiological determinants of the pattern and magnitude of the vCJD epidemic in Great Britain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...people were either exposed to a greater extent, more susceptible to...is now the case for vCJD in Great Britain. Predicting the size...consumption of beef products. The greatest uncertainty lies in the infectiousness...25 30 35 40 45 50 55 75 Age class Frequency Onset Death 0 4 8...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-26 SUMMARY OF GREAT LAKES WEATHER AND ICE CONDITIONS,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.1.3 Satellite Imagery 3.2 General Description 3.2.1 Fall Cooling Phase 3.2.2 Ice Formation and Breakup Phases 3NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-26 SUMMARY OF GREAT LAKES WEATHER AND ICE CONDITIONS, WINTER Degree-Days 2.3 Comparison With Previous Winters 3. SIJNNARY OF ICE CONDITIONS 3.1 Data Collection

326

ANIMATION OF THE NORMAL ICE CYCLE OF THE LAURENTIAN GREAT LAKES OF NORTH AMERICA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF ANNUAL ICE CYCLE 1. Fall Cooling 2. Ice Formation 3. Ice Thickness 4. Seasonal Maximum Ice Cover 5ANIMATION OF THE NORMAL ICE CYCLE OF THE LAURENTIAN GREAT LAKES OF NORTH AMERICA R.A. Assel and J describes an interactive menu- driven computer tutorial on the contemporary ice cover climatology

327

Development of the Great Lakes Ice-circulation Model (GLIM): Application to Lake Erie in 20032004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

due to strong cooling and wind mixing. Prediction of the lake's ice extent (i.e., ice coverDevelopment of the Great Lakes Ice-circulation Model (GLIM): Application to Lake Erie in 2003: Received 4 May 2009 Accepted 30 November 2009 Communicated by Dr. Ram Yerubandi Index words: Coupled Ice

328

NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-20 SUMMARY OF GREAT LAKES WEATHER AND ICE CONDITIONS,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cooling Phase 3.2.2 Ice Formation and Breakup Phases 3.2.3 The Ice Cycle on Lake Superior 3.2.4 The IceNOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-20 SUMMARY OF GREAT LAKES WEATHER AND ICE CONDITIONS, WINTER of this NOAA Environmental Research Laboratories publication. ii #12;LANDSAT fake color image of ice cover

329

The crystallographic texture of a great number of polyethylene films manufactured by the film  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The crystallographic texture of a great number of polyethylene films manufactured by the film polymer films (fig. 1). It is essentially dedicated to polyethylene, espe- cially for packaging in polyethylene blown films J.-M. Haudin, J.-M. André, G. Bellet, B. Monasse, P. Navard ?cole des Mines de Paris

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

330

96 International THE WORLD IN 2OO5 he new millennium opened with great expectations.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

through trade policy, increased official development assistance (oda) and technology transfer to extend96 International THE WORLD IN 2OO5 T he new millennium opened with great expectations. When 147 the benefits of globalisation and new technologies to the world's poorest people, with quantified targets

331

DISDROMETER RAIN DROP STATISTICS FOR DARWIN AND THE SOUTHERN GREAT PLAINS SITE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DISDROMETER RAIN DROP STATISTICS FOR DARWIN AND THE SOUTHERN GREAT PLAINS SITE M. J. Bartholomew Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02- 98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy. The publisher-exclusive, paid-up, irrevocable, world-wide license to publish or reproduce the published form of this manuscript

332

Korarchaeota Diversity, Biogeography, and Abundance in Yellowstone and Great Basin Hot Springs and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Christian A. Ross1 , Everett L. Shock2,3 , Amanda J. Williams1 , Hilairy E. Hartnett2,3 , Austin I. McDonald1¤ , Jeff R. Havig2 , Brian P. Hedlund1 * 1 School of Life Sciences, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Williams AJ, et al. (2012) Korarchaeota Diversity, Biogeography, and Abundance in Yellowstone and Great

Ahmad, Sajjad

333

Technical Guidance for the Design and Implementation of Climate-Smart Restoration Projects Restoring the Great  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technical Guidance for the Design and Implementation of Climate-Smart Restoration Projects for the Design and Implementation of Climate- Smart Restoration Projects with Seven Case Studies. 2014. National for the Design and Implementation of Climate-Smart Restoration Projects ii Restoring the Great Lakes' Coastal

334

AGRONOMIC ADVANCES IN THE AGRICULTURE OF THE CORN BELT AND THE GREAT PLAINS REGIONS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...THE AGRICULTURE OF THE CORN BELT AND THE GREAT PLAINS...to conduct the various milling and baking studies using...significant tie-up with the milling interests. In the spring...coopera-tion of the milling interests in the testing...Previous to the placing of corn improvement on a definite...

H. K. WILSON

1944-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

335

Change in biomass of benthic and planktonic algae along a disturbance gradient for 24 Great  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Change in biomass of benthic and planktonic algae along a disturbance gradient for 24 Great Lakes. The PC1 site score was significantly related to both periphyton and phytoplankton biomass, respectively accounted for 18% of the variation in epiphyton biomass. Periphytic and epiphytic biomass were negatively

McMaster University

336

Photo Diary Competition 12th October 2012 Every great journey begins with a single step  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photo Diary Competition ­ 12th October 2012 Every great journey begins with a single step deadline: 12th October 2012 at noon GMT How to submit: Selection panel: More information: The photos and students can only submit one entry per candidate. Each entry (3-5 photos) should be accompanied by a brief

Molinari, Marc

337

Stantec Investigates Bat Activity in Atlantic and Great Lakes Offshore Regions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Environmental consulting and engineering firm Stantec is observing patterns in offshore bat activity and species composition in the Gulf of Maine, Great Lakes, and Mid-Atlantic coastal states regions to inform efforts to mitigate potential impacts associated with offshore wind energy development in these regions.

338

Simulation of Estuarine Flooding and Dewatering with Application to Great Bay, New Hampshire  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulation of Estuarine Flooding and Dewatering with Application to Great Bay, New Hampshire Justin Coastal & Shelf Science (in press) Abstract A finite element model for simulating tidal flooding implicitly with iteration in time. Simulations of idealized channels conserve mass, display physically

339

Patterns of fish calling in a nearshore environment in the Great Barrier Reef  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...N. J. Marshall Patterns of fish calling in a nearshore environment...of the Great Barrier Reef. Fish calling was a major contributor...swim-bladders were lightly damped. Fish calling was most common during...rainfall, breaking surf, natural seismic noise, low- frequency swell...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

The Great Lakes at a Crossroads Preparing for a Changing Climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/index.html Communication Tactics for Climate Change: www.futerra.co.uk/downloads/NewRules:NewGame.pdf Union of ConcernedThe Great Lakes at a Crossroads Preparing for a Changing Climate International Association Climate Change Science 2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Assessment Report: www

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Great Spaces of Rock: The Traprock Ridgelands of the Central Connecticut Valley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Great Spaces of Rock: The Traprock Ridgelands of the Central Connecticut Valley Photography Ridgelands of the Central Connecticut Valley Photography by Robert Pagini With essays by Peter M. Le and bad, to the beauty, joy, and solace of the Traprock Ridgelands of the central Connecticut Valley. Born

LeTourneau, Peter M.

342

We Did Not Know How Bad It Was: Connecticut's Great Recession: a Steeper Hill to Climb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We Did Not Know How Bad It Was: Connecticut's Great Recession: a Steeper Hill to Climb The Connecticut Economic Outlook: August 2012 Peter E Gunther, Senior Research Fellow William E. Waite, Manager Research Projects Fred Carstensen, Director Connecticut Center of Economic Analysis School

Holsinger, Kent

343

FIRE HISTORY AT THE EASTERN GREAT PLAINS MARGIN, MISSOURI RIVER LOESS HILLS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FIRE HISTORY AT THE EASTERN GREAT PLAINS MARGIN, MISSOURI RIVER LOESS HILLS Michael C. Stambaugh-Columbia Columbia, MO 65211 stambaughm@missouri.edu and Daniel C. Dey United States Forest Service, North Central Hills of northwest Missouri. We sampled 33 bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa Michx.), chinkapin oak (Q

Stambaugh, Michael C

344

EVALUATION OF NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION IN MODELING CLOUD-RADIATION INTERACTIONS OVER THE SOUTHERN GREAT PLAINS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EVALUATION OF NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION IN MODELING CLOUD- RADIATION INTERACTIONS OVER.bnl.gov ABSTRACT Numerical weather prediction (NWP) is the basis for present-day weather forecasts, and NWP- and satellite- based observations over the Southern Great Plains to evaluate how well cloud

Johnson, Peter D.

345

IMPLICATIONS OF CO, GLOBAL WARMING O N GREAT LAKES ICE COVER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IMPLICATIONS OF CO, GLOBAL WARMING O N GREAT LAKES ICE COVER RAYMOND A. ASSEL US. Department to project daily mean basin ice cover and annual ice cover duration for Lakes Superior and Erie. Models were produced by the GeophysicalFluid Dynamics Labo- ratory (GFDL), the Goddard Institute of Space Studies (GISS

346

GRC Transactions, Vol. 31, 2007 Geothermal, energy resources, Great Basin, GPS, geodesy,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GRC Transactions, Vol. 31, 2007 391 Keywords Geothermal, energy resources, Great Basin, GPS, and will be incorporated in future models. Introduction Geothermal energy resources have long been associated of active crustal deformation and its spatial relationship to active geothermal systems in the northern

347

Estimating the return times of great Himalayan earthquakes in eastern Nepal: Evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimating the return times of great Himalayan earthquakes in eastern Nepal: Evidence from the Patu, Kathmandu, Nepal, 3 Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore not documented the occurrence of several similar events at the same location. In east central Nepal, however

Klinger, Yann

348

On the study of wind energy at great heights using remote sensing techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the study of wind energy at great heights using remote sensing techniques Alfredo Pe~na1 by the wind energy industry due to the high sensitivity that the wind characteristics have on the performance Dong energy, Dong Energy, Kraftværksvej 53, DK-7000, Fredericia, Denmark e-mail: alfredo

349

NOAA GREAT LAKES COASTAL FORECASTING SYSTEM Forecasts (up to 5 days in the future)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conditions for up to 5 days in the future. These forecasts are run twice daily, and you can step through are generated every 6 hours and you can step backward in hourly increments to view conditions over the previousNOAA GREAT LAKES COASTAL FORECASTING SYSTEM Forecasts (up to 5 days in the future) and Nowcasts

350

Copper has proven to be a metal of great benefit to people throughout history.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Copper has proven to be a metal of great benefit to people throughout history. Copper has been molded into many instru- ments such as pots, weapons and jewelry. In recent history, copper and its alloys have been fashioned into plumbing pipes and fixtures. Although these applications of copper

351

Development of A GIS for Integrated Ecosystem Assessments of Great Lakes Aquatic Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of A GIS for Integrated Ecosystem Assessments of Great Lakes Aquatic Resources Primary management and restoration strategies. Development of aquatic habitat databases and maps will eliminate stressors. A priority research area for NOAA's ecosystems observations program is to generate and manage

352

The WRF nested within the CESM: Simulations of a midlatitude cyclone over the Southern Great Plains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The WRF nested within the CESM: Simulations of a midlatitude cyclone over the Southern Great Plains system in which the Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) is nested within the Community Earth has missed this cyclogenesis, while the nested WRF at 30 km grid spacing (or finer

Ohta, Shigemi

353

Eggs in the Nest The last several years have produced a great deal of ev-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Eggs in the Nest The last several years have produced a great deal of ev- idence supporting clusters variously called germ cell nests, germ cell cysts, or germ cell syncytia (5, 7). The utility cell nests persist until a few days after birth in the mouse, when the syncytium breaks down

Mayo, Kelly E.

354

Drinking Water as Route of Exposure to Microcystins in Great Lakes Communities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drinking Water as Route of Exposure to Microcystins in Great Lakes Communities Primary Investigator Erie is a source of drinking water for many communities and may also be a source of algal toxins drinking water. While there are state regulatory standards for factors like turbidity and fecal coliforms

355

The Relationship between Great Lakes Water Levels, Wave Energies, and Shoreline Damage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The latter half of the twentieth century can be characterized as a period of rising water levels on the Great Lakes, with record high levels in 1974 and 1986. Concurrent with these periods of high water level are reported periods of high ...

G. A. Meadows; L. A. Meadows; W. L. Wood; J. M. Hubertz; M. Perlin

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

EVALUATING SHORT-TERM CLIMATE VARIABILITY IN THE LATE HOLOCENE OF THE NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS  

SciTech Connect

This literature study investigated methods and areas to deduce climate change and climate patterns, looking for short-term cycle phenomena and the means to interpret them. Many groups are actively engaged in intensive climate-related research. Ongoing research might be (overly) simplified into three categories: (1) historic data on weather that can be used for trend analysis and modeling; (2) detailed geological, biological (subfossil), and analytical (geochemical, radiocarbon, etc.) studies covering the last 10,000 years (about since last glaciation); and (3) geological, paleontological, and analytical (geochemical, radiometric, etc.) studies over millions of years. Of importance is our ultimate ability to join these various lines of inquiry into an effective means of interpretation. At this point, the process of integration is fraught with methodological troubles and misconceptions about what each group can contribute. This project has met its goals to the extent that it provided an opportunity to study resource materials and consider options for future effort toward the goal of understanding the natural climate variation that has shaped our current civilization. A further outcome of this project is a proposed methodology based on ''climate sections'' that provides spatial and temporal correlation within a region. The method would integrate cultural and climate data to establish the climate history of a region with increasing accuracy with progressive study and scientific advancement (e. g., better integration of regional and global models). The goal of this project is to better understand natural climatic variations in the recent past (last 5000 years). The information generated by this work is intended to provide better context within which to examine global climate change. The ongoing project will help to establish a basis upon which to interpret late Holocene short-term climate variability as evidenced in various studies in the northern Great Plains, northern hemisphere, and elsewhere. Finally these data can be integrated into a history of climate change and predictive climate models. This is not a small undertaking. The goals of researchers and the methods used vary considerably. The primary task of this project was literature research to (1) evaluate existing methodologies used in geologic climate change studies and evidence for short-term cycles produced by these methodologies and (2) evaluate late Holocene climate patterns and their interpretations.

Joseph H. Hartman

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Is there a large risk of radiation A critical review of pessimistic claims  

SciTech Connect

A number of situations where it has been claimed that moderate radiation doses cause leukemia or other cancers are carefully reviewed. We look at cases in the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union. Usually it can be demonstrated that there is an alternative, more probable, explanation for the effect seen. In several cases the authors of the papers have fallen into statistical traps. The most frequent is a posteriori selection of cohort boundaries in both space and time: a trap illustrated dramatically by Feynman. The next most common trap is to arbitrarily select one out of many ways of looking at the data, against which we were warned by Tippett. Several cohorts are compared with respect to the number of persons at risk, average dose, and the number of cancers expected. Of these, only the cohort of A-bomb survivors in Japan and the recently unclassified data on the very large occupational doses for early Soviet nuclear workers at Chelyabinsk provide evidence of clearly visible excess cancers.

Shihab-Eldin, A.; Shlyakhter, A.; Wilson, R. (Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics)

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Is there a large risk of radiation? A critical review of pessimistic claims  

SciTech Connect

A number of situations where it has been claimed that moderate radiation doses cause leukemia or other cancers are carefully reviewed. We look at cases in the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union. Usually it can be demonstrated that there is an alternative, more probable, explanation for the effect seen. In several cases the authors of the papers have fallen into statistical traps. The most frequent is a posteriori selection of cohort boundaries in both space and time: a trap illustrated dramatically by Feynman. The next most common trap is to arbitrarily select one out of many ways of looking at the data, against which we were warned by Tippett. Several cohorts are compared with respect to the number of persons at risk, average dose, and the number of cancers expected. Of these, only the cohort of A-bomb survivors in Japan and the recently unclassified data on the very large occupational doses for early Soviet nuclear workers at Chelyabinsk provide evidence of clearly visible excess cancers.

Shihab-Eldin, A.; Shlyakhter, A.; Wilson, R. [Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Splitting and Confirming Large File  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Splitting and Confirming Large File Splitting and Confirming Large File Name: Bradley C. Status: Student Age: 16 Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: June 2003 Question: I just calculated one billion digits of pi on my PC, how do I confirm them? I cannot access them because the file size is 1.28 GB, my ram is only 512 MB, meaning none of my word processor's will touch it. Is it possible to split the document, somehow? Then how do I confirm the digits? Replies: Checking the correctness of large numbers -- transcendental numbers like 'pi', or a large prime -- is not easy because there are many sources of error that are difficult to detect, or track down. Some, but by no means all are: 1. How "good" (that is convergent) is the algorithm? If, for example the algorithm is some sort of infinite series, there is always a truncation error, because you cannot compute an infinite number of terms in a finite amount of time. The further out you go in the algorithm, the more significant these errors become.

360

Riddell Revolution Speed Adult Large  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Available: Adult Football Helmet Detailed Ratings May 2012 Riddell 360 Sample 1 2 3 Size Adult Large Adult.237 0.239 Overall STAR 0.239 Best Available: A total of 15 adult football helmet models that have been values. Helmet Ratings #12;Adult Football Helmet Detailed Ratings May 2012 Schutt ION 4D Sample 1 2 3

Lu, Chang

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Performance of large electron energy filter in large volume plasma device  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes an in-house designed large Electron Energy Filter (EEF) utilized in the Large Volume Plasma Device (LVPD) [S. K. Mattoo, V. P. Anita, L. M. Awasthi, and G. Ravi, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3864 (2001)] to secure objectives of (a) removing the presence of remnant primary ionizing energetic electrons and the non-thermal electrons, (b) introducing a radial gradient in plasma electron temperature without greatly affecting the radial profile of plasma density, and (c) providing a control on the scale length of gradient in electron temperature. A set of 19 independent coils of EEF make a variable aspect ratio, rectangular solenoid producing a magnetic field (B{sub x}) of 100?G along its axis and transverse to the ambient axial field (B{sub z} ? 6.2?G) of LVPD, when all its coils are used. Outside the EEF, magnetic field reduces rapidly to 1?G at a distance of 20 cm from the center of the solenoid on either side of target and source plasma. The EEF divides LVPD plasma into three distinct regions of source, EEF and target plasma. We report that the target plasma (n{sub e} ? 2 10{sup 11}?cm{sup ?3} and T{sub e} ? 2?eV) has no detectable energetic electrons and the radial gradients in its electron temperature can be established with scale length between 50?and?600 cm by controlling EEF magnetic field. Our observations reveal that the role of the EEF magnetic field is manifested by the energy dependence of transverse electron transport and enhanced transport caused by the plasma turbulence in the EEF plasma.

Singh, S. K.; Srivastava, P. K.; Awasthi, L. M.; Mattoo, S. K.; Sanyasi, A. K.; Kaw, P. K. [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar 382 428, Gujarat (India)] [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar 382 428, Gujarat (India); Singh, R. [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar 382 428, Gujarat (India) [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar 382 428, Gujarat (India); WCI Center for Fusion Theory, National Fusion Research Institute Gwahangno 113, Yu-seong-gu, Daejeon, 305-333 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

Large-scale dynamic compaction demonstration using WIPP salt: Fielding and preliminary results  

SciTech Connect

Reconsolidation of crushed rock salt is a phenomenon of great interest to programs studying isolation of hazardous materials in natural salt geologic settings. Of particular interest is the potential for disaggregated salt to be restored to nearly an impermeable state. For example, reconsolidated crushed salt is proposed as a major shaft seal component for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Project. The concept for a permanent shaft seal component of the WIPP repository is to densely compact crushed salt in the four shafts; an effective seal will then be developed as the surrounding salt creeps into the shafts, further consolidating the crushed salt. Fundamental information on placement density and permeability is required to ensure attainment of the design function. The work reported here is the first large-scale compaction demonstration to provide information on initial salt properties applicable to design, construction, and performance expectations. The shaft seals must function for 10,000 years. Over this period a crushed salt mass will become less permeable as it is compressed by creep closure of salt surrounding the shaft. These facts preclude the possibility of conducting a full-scale, real-time field test. Because permanent seals taking advantage of salt reconsolidation have never been constructed, performance measurements have not been made on an appropriately large scale. An understanding of potential construction methods, achievable initial density and permeability, and performance of reconsolidated salt over time is required for seal design and performance assessment. This report discusses fielding and operations of a nearly full-scale dynamic compaction of mine-run WIPP salt, and presents preliminary density and in situ (in place) gas permeability results.

Ahrens, E.H.; Hansen, F.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Nuclear Waste Technology Repository Isolation Systems

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Stability of large DC power systems using switching converters, with application to the International Space Station  

SciTech Connect

As space direct current (dc) power systems continue to grow in size, switching power converters are playing an ever larger role in power conditioning and control. When designing a large dc system using power converters are playing an ever larger role in power conditioning and control.When designing a large dc system using power converters of this type, special attention must be placed on the electrical stability of the system and of the individual loads on the system. In the design of the electric power system (EPS) of the International Space Station (ISS), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and its contractor team led by Boeing Defense and Space Group has placed a great deal of emphasis on designing for system and load stability. To achieve this goal, the team has expended considerable effort deriving a clear concept on defining system stability in both a general sense and specifically with respect to the space station. The ISS power system presents numerous challenges with respect to system stability, such as high power, complex sources and undefined loads. As a result, the program has derived an impedance specification approach for system stability. This approach is based on the significant relationship between source and load impedances and the effect of this relationship on system stability. This approach is limited in its applicability by the theoretical and practical limits on component designs as presented by each system segment. As a result, the overall approach to system stability implemented by the ISS program consists of specific hardware requirements coupled with extensive system analysis and hardware testing.

Gholdston, E.W. [Rockwell International, Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.; Karimi, K. [Boeing Co., Seattle, WA (United States); Lee, F.C.; Rajagopalan, J.; Panov, Y. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States); Manners, B. [National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Cleveland, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

364

Drought and flood monitoring for a large karst plateau in Southwest China using extended GRACE data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Droughts and floods alternately occur over a large karst plateau (YunGui Plateau) in Southwest China. Here we show that both the frequency and severity of droughts and floods over the plateau are intensified during the recent decade from three-decade total water storage anomalies (TWSA) generated by Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellite data and artificial neural network (ANN) models. The developed ANN models performed well in hindcasting TWSA for the plateau and its three sub-regions (i.e., the upper Mekong River, Pearl River, and Wujiang River basins), showing coefficients of determination (R2) of 0.91, 0.83, 0.76, and 0.57, respectively. The intensified climate extremes are indicative of large changes in the hydrological cycle and brought great challenges in water resource management there. The TWSA of the plateau remained fairly stable during the 1980s, and featured an increasing trend at a rate of 5.90.5mm/a in the 1990s interspersed extreme flooding in 1991 and during the second half of the 1990s. Since 2000, the TWSA fluctuated drastically, featuring severe spring droughts from 2003 to 2006, the most extreme spring drought on record in 2010, and severe flooding in 2008. The TWSA of the upper Mekong has decreased by ~100mm (~15km3) compared with that at the end of the 1990s. In addition to hindcasting TWSA, the developed approach could be effective in generating future TWSA and potentially bridge the gap between the current GRACE satellites and the GRACE Follow-On Mission expected to launch in 2017.

Di Long; Yanjun Shen; Alexander Sun; Yang Hong; Laurent Longuevergne; Yuting Yang; Bin Li; Lu Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

large hydro | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

large hydro large hydro Dataset Summary Description The Planning Database Project provides the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) with regular data to track progress towards achieving EU targets for electricity generation from renewable energy (RE) sources. Extracts from the database are available each month. Information collected in the database includes: name, location and installed capacity of RE projects over 0.1MW; environmental designations; planning status; and construction status. Included here is the October 2010 Progress Datasheet, and an extract from December, 15, 2010 (i.e. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released December 15th, 2010 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biomass co-firing installed capacity

366

The Observer March 2003 page 3 CSU Fresno 16" SCT at f/38 & Jupiter's Great Red Spot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Observer March 2003 page 3 CSU Fresno 16" SCT at f/38 & Jupiter's Great Red Spot By Greg Morgan in March that the Great Red Spot will be making a central meridian crossing along with the shadow of one in the region of the Great Red Spot. Similarly, on Tuesday evening April 1st , from 10:24 PM to 1:48 AM PDT, Io

Ringwald, Frederick A.

367

Purification, crystallization, preliminary X-ray diffraction and molecular-replacement studies of great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) haemoglobin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The great cormorant hemoglobin has been isolated, purified and crystallized and the three dimensional structure is solved using molecular replacement technique.

Jagadeesan, G.

2014-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

368

Finding Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas Using a Three-Component Long-Offset Surface Seismic Survey  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE Geothermal Peer Review 2010 - Presentation. Project summary: Drilling into large aperture open fractures (LAFs) typically yield production wells with high productivity and low pressure drawdown. Developing geophysical and geologic techniques for identifying and precisely mapping LAFsin 3-D will greatly reduce dry hole risk and the overall number of wells required for reaching a particular geothermal field power capacity.

369

NREL GIS Data: U.S. Great Lakes Offshore Windspeed 90m Height High  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Great Lakes Offshore Windspeed 90m Height High Great Lakes Offshore Windspeed 90m Height High Resolution Dataset Summary Description This dataset is a geographic shapefile generated from the original raster data. The original raster data resolution is a 200-meter cell size. The data provide an estimate of annual average wind speed at 90 meter height above surface for specific offshore regions of the United States. To learn more, please see the Assessment of Offshore Wind Energy Resources for the United States. These data were produced in cooperation with U.S. Department of Energy, and have been validated by NREL. To download state wind resource maps, visit Wind Powering America. In order to ensure the downloadable shapefile is current, please compare the date updated on this page to the last updated date on the NREL GIS Wind Data webpage.

370

ORNL DAAC NPP TEMPERATE FOREST: GREAT SMOKY MOUNTAINS, TENNESSEE, U.S.A.,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TEMPERATE FOREST: GREAT SMOKY MOUNTAINS, TENNESSEE, U.S.A., 1978-1992 TEMPERATE FOREST: GREAT SMOKY MOUNTAINS, TENNESSEE, U.S.A., 1978-1992 Get Data Summary: Productivity of old, unlogged stands of southern Appalachian cove forest was studied and compared to young stands. Tree growth increments and allometric relationships were the basis for estimation of net primary production (NPP). Measurements of tree diameter at 1.37 m above ground were made at the beginning the study. Radial increment cores were taken from a subset of trees. Above-ground net primary production (ANPP) was estimated using regional species-specific allometric relationships for tree mass. Estimation procedures were outlined by Busing et al. (1993). Old stands of mixed deciduous (and mixed deciduous-Tsuga) were selected for their gentle terrain, accessibility and history of study. From 1988 to

371

Geospatial Optimization of Siting Large-Scale Solar Projects  

SciTech Connect

Recent policy and economic conditions have encouraged a renewed interest in developing large-scale solar projects in the U.S. Southwest. However, siting large-scale solar projects is complex. In addition to the quality of the solar resource, solar developers must take into consideration many environmental, social, and economic factors when evaluating a potential site. This report describes a proof-of-concept, Web-based Geographical Information Systems (GIS) tool that evaluates multiple user-defined criteria in an optimization algorithm to inform discussions and decisions regarding the locations of utility-scale solar projects. Existing siting recommendations for large-scale solar projects from governmental and non-governmental organizations are not consistent with each other, are often not transparent in methods, and do not take into consideration the differing priorities of stakeholders. The siting assistance GIS tool we have developed improves upon the existing siting guidelines by being user-driven, transparent, interactive, capable of incorporating multiple criteria, and flexible. This work provides the foundation for a dynamic siting assistance tool that can greatly facilitate siting decisions among multiple stakeholders.

Macknick, J.; Quinby, T.; Caulfield, E.; Gerritsen, M.; Diffendorfer, J.; Haines, S.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Disaster Waste Characteristics and Radiation Distribution as a Result of the Great East Japan Earthquake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Disaster Waste Characteristics and Radiation Distribution as a Result of the Great East Japan Earthquake ... (3) Due to loss of power, the tsunami-impacted Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (Fukushima-1 NPP) overheated with explosions starting on March 12, 2011 that released approximately 630?000770?000 terabecquerel of radiation, which is equivalent to 1215% of the radiation released during the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident in the Ukraine (former Soviet Union) in 1985. ...

Tomoyuki Shibata; Helena Solo-Gabriele; Toshimitsu Hata

2012-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

373

Optical fiber configurations for transmission of laser energy over great distances  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There are provided optical fiber configurations that provide for the delivery of laser energy, and in particular, the transmission and delivery of high power laser energy over great distances. These configurations further are hardened to protect the optical fibers from the stresses and conditions of an intended application. The configurations provide means for determining the additional fiber length (AFL) need to obtain the benefits of such additional fiber, while avoiding bending losses.

Rinzler, Charles C; Zediker, Mark S

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

374

The greatest disaster: the failure of Great Britain's Ottoman Empire Policy, 1914  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Christian minorities, and this popular feeling, in turn, began to alter the Anglo-Turkish relationship. Prewar Anglo-Turkish relations must also be viewed in the context of the changing alignment of Europe's Great Powers. The growing power of Germany... years later, at the outbreak of the First World War, Churchill found himself adopting a far different tone. The Turks he had encouraged in 1911 now seemed poised to join Britain's enemies. "Siding with Germany nowow he warned Turkey's rulers, "must...

Rayburn, Joel Dawson

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

375

Electrofishing survey of the Great Miami River. Annual report, September 1993  

SciTech Connect

Fish sampling by electroshocking in the Great Miami River above and below the Fernald sit was designed to determine changes in the health of the fish community compared to the previous nine years and to collect samples for uranium analysis in fish filets. This document contains information describing the findings of this program. Topics discussed include: physical and chemical parameters, species richness, species diversity, and water analysis.

Stocker, L.E.; Miller, M.C.; Engman, J.; Evans, R.L.; Koch, R.W.; Brence, W.A. [Cincinnati Univ., OH (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

File:EIA-Eastern-GreatBasin-gas.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Great Basin By 2001 Gas Reserve Class Great Basin By 2001 Gas Reserve Class Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(5,100 × 6,600 pixels, file size: 17.82 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description Eastern Great Basin By 2001 Gas Reserve Class Sources Energy Information Administration Authors Samuel H. Limerick; Lucy Luo; Gary Long; David F. Morehouse; Jack Perrin; Robert F. King Related Technologies Oil, Natural Gas Creation Date 2005-09-01 Extent Regional Countries United States UN Region Northern America States Utah, Nevada File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 17:59, 20 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 17:59, 20 December 2010 5,100 × 6,600 (17.82 MB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated bot upload

377

File:EIA-Eastern-GreatBasin-liquids.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Great Basin By 2001 Liquids Reserve Class Great Basin By 2001 Liquids Reserve Class Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(5,100 × 6,600 pixels, file size: 17.82 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description Eastern Great Basin By 2001 Liquids Reserve Class Sources Energy Information Administration Authors Samuel H. Limerick; Lucy Luo; Gary Long; David F. Morehouse; Jack Perrin; Robert F. King Related Technologies Oil, Natural Gas Creation Date 2005-09-01 Extent Regional Countries United States UN Region Northern America States Utah, Nevada File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 17:59, 20 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 17:59, 20 December 2010 5,100 × 6,600 (17.82 MB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated bot upload

378

File:EIA-Eastern-GreatBasin-BOE.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Eastern Great Basin By 2001 BOE Reserve Class Eastern Great Basin By 2001 BOE Reserve Class Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(5,100 × 6,600 pixels, file size: 17.82 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description Eastern Great Basin By 2001 BOE Reserve Class Sources Energy Information Administration Authors Samuel H. Limerick; Lucy Luo; Gary Long; David F. Morehouse; Jack Perrin; Robert F. King Related Technologies Oil, Natural Gas Creation Date 2005-09-01 Extent Regional Countries United States UN Region Northern America States Utah, Nevada File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 17:58, 20 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 17:58, 20 December 2010 5,100 × 6,600 (17.82 MB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated bot upload

379

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Energy Impact Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Energy Impact Report Statewide Energy Impact Report are part of the Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems research project. The reports: Productivity and Interior Environments Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design

380

An algorithm for scheduling a large pumped storage plant  

SciTech Connect

The Michigan Electric Coordination Center (MEPCC), operated by Consumers Power and Detroit Edison Companies, has the responsibility for scheduling the Ludington pumped storage plant. Ludington has an extremely large economic effect on the Consumers Power and Detroit Edison Companies' system due to its size (over 1800 MW net demonstrated generating capability). This paper presents a dynamic programming algorithm for scheduling large pumped storage plants and shows how this method can be coordinated with the commitment of the thermal units of the system.

Cohen, A.I.; Wan, S.H.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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381

The impacts of the great Mississippi/Atchafalaya River flood on the oceanography of the Atchafalaya Shelf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Rivers are the primary means by which water, sediment, and dissolved material are transported from the continents to the ocean. Despite previous advances, much remains to be learned about the dynamics of large shelf-discharging rivers, and their functional differences with deep water-discharging rivers, particularly with respect to the distribution of sediments in the coastal zone. The great Mississippi/Atchafalaya River flood of 2011 provided an excellent opportunity to examine the impacts of a large, shelf-discharging river on the coastal ocean, and the role that event pulses from such rivers play in the delivery of sediment to the inner continental shelf. Vessel-based surveys were conducted on the inner-continental shelf within the Atchafalaya and Mississippi River plume regions, providing in situ measurements of salinity, temperature, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, particle size, and current velocity profiles. MODIS satellite images and 7Be measurements were used to assist in data interpretation. We demonstrate that the Atchafalaya River plume produced intense vertical gradients in temperature, salinity, oxygen and turbidity. This occurred despite the shallow bathymetry of this system and the presence of winds, which alternated between onshore to offshore, and that might have otherwise mixed systems with less freshwater. Sedimentation rates along the inner-continental shelf were about 510 times greater than those measured previously during smaller typical floods. This large deposit is likely to be preserved, at least in the near term, because sedimentation occurred beyond normal depths of wave reworking and the intense stratification induced by this flood likely reduced mixing at the time of sedimentation. A sediment budget for this system reveals that sediment fluxes to the coastal zone during 2011 were similar to those observed in previous years, suggesting that this system is supply limited, rather than transport limited. As such, we postulate that the major impact of this flood was to change the location of the depocenter of Atchafalaya River sediments, rather than increase the annual flux of sediments to the coastal zone. These findings imply that extreme flood events may not be an ideal analog for coastal restoration along this deltaic coast.

Alexander S. Kolker; Chunyan Li; Nan D. Walker; Chet Pilley; Alexander D. Ameen; Georgia Boxer; Cyndhia Ramatchandirane; Mohammad Ullah; Kelly A. Williams

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Stabilization of Large Scale Structure by Adhesive Gravitational Clustering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The interplay between gravitational and dispersive forces in a multi-streamed medium leads to an effect which is exposed in the present note as the genuine driving force of stabilization of large-scale structure. The conception of `adhesive gravitational clustering' is advanced to interlock the fairly well-understood epoch of formation of large-scale structure and the onset of virialization into objects that are dynamically in equilibrium with their large-scale structure environment. The classical `adhesion model' is opposed to a class of more general models traced from the physical origin of adhesion in kinetic theory.

Thomas Buchert

1999-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

383

Large aperture diffractive space telescope  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A large (10's of meters) aperture space telescope including two separate spacecraft--an optical primary objective lens functioning as a magnifying glass and an optical secondary functioning as an eyepiece. The spacecraft are spaced up to several kilometers apart with the eyepiece directly behind the magnifying glass "aiming" at an intended target with their relative orientation determining the optical axis of the telescope and hence the targets being observed. The objective lens includes a very large-aperture, very-thin-membrane, diffractive lens, e.g., a Fresnel lens, which intercepts incoming light over its full aperture and focuses it towards the eyepiece. The eyepiece has a much smaller, meter-scale aperture and is designed to move along the focal surface of the objective lens, gathering up the incoming light and converting it to high quality images. The positions of the two space craft are controlled both to maintain a good optical focus and to point at desired targets which may be either earth bound or celestial.

Hyde, Roderick A. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Numerical simulation of Large Solar Hot Water system in storage tank.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research is aimed to study the storage tank design parameters effects on the efficiency of the large solar hot water system. Detailed CFD simulation (more)

Shue, Nai-Shen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Large Aperture Electrostatic Dust Detector  

SciTech Connect

Diagnosis and management of dust inventories generated in next-step magnetic fusion devices is necessary for their safe operation. A novel electrostatic dust detector, based on a fine grid of interlocking circuit traces biased to 30 or 50 ? has been developed for the detection of dust particles on remote surfaces in air and vacuum environments. Impinging dust particles create a temporary short circuit and the resulting current pulse is recorded by counting electronics. Up to 90% of the particles are ejected from the grid or vaporized suggesting the device may be useful for controlling dust inventories. We report measurements of the sensitivity of a large area (5x5 cm) detector to microgram quantities of dust particles and review its applications to contemporary tokamaks and ITER.

C.H. Skinner, R. Hensley, and A.L Roquemore

2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

386

Equilibrium Reconstruction on the Large Helical Device  

SciTech Connect

Equilibrium reconstruction is commonly applied to axisymmetric toroidal devices. Recent advances in computational power and equilibrium codes have allowed for reconstructions of three-dimensional fields in stellarators and heliotrons. We present the first reconstructions of finite beta discharges in the Large Helical Device (LHD). The plasma boundary and magnetic axis are constrained by the pressure profile from Thomson scattering. This results in a calculation of plasma beta without a-priori assumptions of the equipartition of energy between species. Saddle loop arrays place additional constraints on the equilibrium. These reconstruction utilize STELLOPT, which calls VMEC. The VMEC equilibrium code assumes good nested flux surfaces. Reconstructed magnetic fields are fed into the PIES code which relaxes this constraint allowing for the examination of the effect of islands and stochastic regions on the magnetic measurements.

Samuel A. Lazerson, D. Gates, D. Monticello, H. Neilson, N. Pomphrey, A. Reiman S. Sakakibara, and Y. Suzuki

2012-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

387

Large optics inspection, tilting, and washing stand  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A large optics stand provides a risk free means of safely tilting large optics with ease and a method of safely tilting large optics with ease. The optics are supported in the horizontal position by pads. In the vertical plane the optics are supported by saddles that evenly distribute the optics weight over a large area.

Ayers, Marion Jay (Brentwood, CA); Ayers, Shannon Lee (Brentwood, CA)

2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

388

Vertical Variability of Aerosols and Water Vapor Over the Southern Great Plains  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vertical Variability of Aerosols and Water Vapor Vertical Variability of Aerosols and Water Vapor Over the Southern Great Plains R. A. Ferrare National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia D. D. Turner Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington M. Clayton and V. Brackett Science Applications International Corporation National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia T. P. Tooman and J. E. M. Goldsmith Sandia National Laboratories Livermore, California J. A. Ogren National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory Boulder, Colorado E. Andrews Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado

389

Accelerated Geothermal Resource Development in the Great Basin Through Enhanced Public Awareness and Outreach to Shareholders.  

SciTech Connect

The Great Basin Center for Geothermal Energy conducted work encompassing two main tasks. We (1) produced a web-based, stakeholder geothermal information system for Nevada geothermal data relevant to assessing and developing geothermal resources, and (2) we held informational stakeholder workshops (both as part of GeoPowering the West Initiative). The objective of this grant was to conduct workshops and fund database and web development activities. This grant funds salaries for web and database developers and part of the administrative assistant who helps to coordinate and organize workshops, and maintain selected databases.

Taranik, James V.; Oppliger, Gary; Sawatsky, Don

2002-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

390

Potential Economic Impacts from Offshore Wind in the Great Lakes Region (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Offshore wind is a clean, renewable source of energy and can be an economic driver in the United States. To better understand the employment opportunities and other potential regional economic impacts from offshore wind development, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funded research that focuses on four regions of the country. The studies use multiple scenarios with various local job and domestic manufacturing content assumptions. Each regional study uses the new offshore wind Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) model, developed by DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory. This fact sheet summarizes the potential economic impacts identified by the study for the Great Lakes region.

Tegen, S.; Keyser, D.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Geohydrology of bedrock aquifers in the Northern Great Plains in parts of Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming  

SciTech Connect

Development of energy-related resources in the northern Great Plains of the US will require large quantities of ground water. Because Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming are semiarid, the primary local sources of nonappropriated water are the deep bedrock aquifers of Paleozoic and Mesozoic age. The US Geological Survey undertook a 4-year interdisciplinary study that has culminated in a digital-simulation model of the regional flow system and incorporates the results of geochemical, hydrologic, and geologic studies. Rocks of Paleozoic and Mesozoic age form at least five artesian aquifers that are recharged in the mountainous areas of Montana, South Dakota, and Wyoming. The aquifers extend for more than 600 mi to discharge areas in the northeastern part of North Dakota and in Manitoba. In general, the direction of flow in each aquifer is east to northeast, but flow is deflected to the north and south around the Williston basin. Flow through the Williston basin is restricted because of brine (200,000-350,000 mg/l), halite beds, geologic structures, and decreased permeability of rocks in the deeper parts of the basin. Fracture systems and lineaments transverse the entire area and act either as conduits or as barriers to ground-water flow, depending on their hydrogeologic and geochemical history. Vertical leakage from the aquifers is restricted by shale with low permeability, by halite beds, and by stratigraphic traps or low-permeability zones associated with petroleum accumulations. However, interaquifer leakage appears to occur through and along some of the major lineaments and fractures. Interaquifer leakage may be a major consideration in determining the quality of water produced from wells.

Downey, J.S.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

European Developments in Radiotherapy with Beams of Large Radiobiological Effectiveness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......FRM II in Munich.4) Boron Neutron Capture Therapy...the positron emitting isotopes by a PET camera during...for the on-line PET determination of the dose distribution...patients treated with boron neutron capture therapy......

Ugo Amaldi; Gerhard Kraft

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Effective fracture geometry obtained with large water sand ratio  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shale gas formation exhibits some unusual reservoir characteristics: nano-darcy matrix permeability, presence of natural fractures and gas storage on the matrix surface that makes it unique in many ways. Its difficult to design an optimum fracture...

Kumar, Amrendra

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

394

The effects and consequences of very large explosive volcanic eruptions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...than one per 10000 years for the upper end (figure 3). Global average frequencies...atmosphere (McCormick et al. 1995). By the end of 1991, spreading polewards, the aerosol...3) are almost entirely detrimental to humankind in the short term. These range from roof...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

European Developments in Radiotherapy with Beams of Large Radiobiological Effectiveness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......small extend at the research reactor Garching FRM II in Munich...European project at the nuclear reactor of Petten, Nether- lands...1993 could not demonstrate an improved cure rate and the pion trials...13571364. 20. Testard, I. and Sabatier, L. (2000) Assessement......

Ugo Amaldi; Gerhard Kraft

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Large Electrocaloric Effect in Ferroelectric Polymers Near Room Temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...VDF-TrFE-chlorofluoroethylene) [P(VDF-TrFE-CFE)] at near room temperature around...copolymerization with a bulky monomer such as CFE or CTFE (chlorotrifluoroethylene) to form...dielectric constant of P(VDF-TrFE-CFE) 59.2/33.6/7.2 mol % terpolymer...

Bret Neese; Baojin Chu; Sheng-Guo Lu; Yong Wang; E. Furman; Q. M. Zhang

2008-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

397

Effect of Ion Correlations on High?Frequency Plasma Conductivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In an earlier work the ac conductivity of a plasma was investigated by means of an elementary model. The validity of this model has been borne out by a rigorous treatment of plasma at thermal equilibrium. The elementary model is now extended to include the effects of ion correlations for arbitrary fixed ion distributions. For thermal equilibrium correlations it is found that the ion shielding reduces the maximum effective impact parameter by the factor (1 + Z) (i.e. both ions and electrons contribute to the shielding) for frequencies low compared to the plasma frequency ?p. For frequencies high compared to ?p the previous results obtain. The resistance due to the excitation of longitudinal waves at frequencies just in excess of ?p is reduced by the factor (1 + Z)?1. However if large?amplitude (nonthermal) ion fluctuations are present the longitudinal wave contribution to the resistance may be greatly enhanced.

John Dawson; Carl Oberman

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Relaxing a large cosmological constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cosmological constant (CC) problem is the biggest enigma of theoretical physics ever. In recent times, it has been rephrased as the dark energy problem in order to encompass a wider spectrum of possibilities. It is, in any case, a polyhedric puzzle with many faces, including the cosmic coincidence problem, i.e. why the density of matter is presently so close to the CC density. However, the oldest, toughest and most intriguing face of this polyhedron is the big CC problem, namely why the measured value of the CC at present is so small as compared to any typical density scale existing in high energy physics, especially taking into account the many phase transitions that our Universe has undergone since the early times, including inflation. In this letter, we propose to extend the field equations of General Relativity by including a class of invariant terms that automatically relax the value of the CC irrespective of the initial size of the vacuum energy in the early epochs. We show that, at late times, the Universe enters an eternal de Sitter stage mimicking a tiny positive cosmological constant. Thus, these models could solve the big CC problem and have also a bearing on the cosmic coincidence problem. Remarkably, they mimic the LCDM model to a large extent, but they still leave some characteristic imprints that should be testable in the next generation of experiments.

Florian Bauer; Joan Sola; Hrvoje Stefancic

2009-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

399

Russia as a great power: Status inconsistency and the two Chechen wars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The article examines Russia as a great power from the point of view of status inconsistency theory. Applications of the theory to Russia have focused on the status accorded to Russia in diplomatic representation and membership of key international organizations, which suggests that Russia is a status overachiever in that it has an international status that is greater than its actual capabilities would warrant. However, this article focuses on Russian perceptions of the country's status internationally, especially as reflected in the actual experience of membership in international organizations (OSCE, Council of Europe) and relations with the EU in the context of the two Chechen wars. The article demonstrates that, at least according to Russian assessments, Russia is accorded lower status in these organizations than the great power status which most Russians believe should be theirs. While concluding that status inconsistency is a useful tool for explaining Russian foreign policy behavior, the article notes that differing assessments of what Russia's level of status recognition is pose challenges for status inconsistency theory.

Hanna Smith

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Using large eddy simulations to understand flow mixing | Argonne National  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

large eddy simulations to understand flow mixing large eddy simulations to understand flow mixing March 4, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint In nuclear power plants, turbulent flow streams of different velocity and density mix rapidly at right angles in pipes. If those mixing flow streams are of different temperatures, thermal fluctuations result on the pipe wall. Such fluctuations can damage a pipe's structure and, ultimately, cause its failure. To better understand this phenomenon and to predict the effects, scientists have developed modeling methods known as large eddy simulations (LES). LES models only the energy-carrying large scales of motion, using a filtering mechanism to account for subgrid-scale motion. Thanks to recent advances in high-performance computing, the technique has become increasingly popular for simulating unsteady flows, allowing high fidelity

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

ARM - Evaluation Product - Vertical Air Motion during Large-Scale  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsVertical Air Motion during Large-Scale ProductsVertical Air Motion during Large-Scale Stratiform Rain Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Vertical Air Motion during Large-Scale Stratiform Rain Site(s) NIM SGP General Description The Vertical Air Motion during Large-Scale Stratiform Rain (VERVELSR) value-added product (VAP) uses the unique properties of a 95-GHz radar Doppler velocity spectra to produce vertical profiles of air motion during low-to-moderate (1-20 mm/hr) rainfall events It is designed to run at ARM sites that include a W-band ARM cloud radar (WACR) radar with spectra data processing. The VERVELSR VAP, based on the work of Giangrande et al. (2010), operates by exploiting a resonance effect that occurs in

402

Prototype Vector Machine for Large Scale Semi-Supervised Learning  

SciTech Connect

Practicaldataminingrarelyfalls exactlyinto the supervisedlearning scenario. Rather, the growing amount of unlabeled data poses a big challenge to large-scale semi-supervised learning (SSL). We note that the computationalintensivenessofgraph-based SSLarises largely from the manifold or graph regularization, which in turn lead to large models that are dificult to handle. To alleviate this, we proposed the prototype vector machine (PVM), a highlyscalable,graph-based algorithm for large-scale SSL. Our key innovation is the use of"prototypes vectors" for effcient approximation on both the graph-based regularizer and model representation. The choice of prototypes are grounded upon two important criteria: they not only perform effective low-rank approximation of the kernel matrix, but also span a model suffering the minimum information loss compared with the complete model. We demonstrate encouraging performance and appealing scaling properties of the PVM on a number of machine learning benchmark data sets.

Zhang, Kai; Kwok, James T.; Parvin, Bahram

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

403

Iron (III) Chloride doping of large-area chemical vapor deposition graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical doping is an effective method of reducing the sheet resistance of graphene. This thesis aims to develop an effective method of doping large area Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) graphene using Iron (III) Chloride ...

Song, Yi, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Large scale electronic structure calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We formulate the Kohn-Sham density functional theory in terms of nonorthogonal, localized orbitals. Within this formulation we introduce a simple and effective method to localize the orbitals. Our approach leads to a plane-wave-based algorithm for total energy calculations whose computational complexity is of O(N), where N is the number of electrons. This opens the way to calculations of unprecedented scale. Our method appears to be of general character and applicable in other contexts such as quantum chemical or projected quantum Monte Carlo calculations.

Giulia Galli and Michele Parrinello

1992-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

405

Nuclear-pumped lasers for large-scale applications  

SciTech Connect

Efficient initiation of large-volume chemical lasers may be achieved by neutron induced reactions which produce charged particles in the final state. When a burst mode nuclear reactor is used as the neutron source, both a sufficiently intense neutron flux and a sufficiently short initiation pulse may be possible. Proof-of-principle experiments are planned to demonstrate lasing in a direct nuclear-pumped large-volume system; to study the effects of various neutron absorbing materials on laser performance; to study the effects of long initiation pulse lengths; to demonstrate the performance of large-scale optics and the beam quality that may be obtained; and to assess the performance of alternative designs of burst systems that increase the neutron output and burst repetition rate. 21 refs., 8 figs., 5 tabs.

Anderson, R.E.; Leonard, E.M.; Shea, R.F.; Berggren, R.R.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

A Seeded Memetic Algorithm for Large Unit Commitment Problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper shows that the use of a memetic algorithm (MA), a genetic algorithm (GA) combined with local search, synergistically combined with Lagrangian relaxation is effective and efficient for solving large unit commitment problems in electric power ... Keywords: Lagrangian relaxation, electrical power generation, genetic algorithm, memetic algorithm, unit commitment

Jorge Valenzuela; Alice E. Smith

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Replacing ESP controls brings large utility units into compliance  

SciTech Connect

This article examines the effect of retrofitting an electrostatic precipitator (ESP) digital control system on the emissions compliance of a large utility unit. The topics of the article include evaluation of ESP performance, determination of course of action, unit 1 and 2 installation of a digital control system, and results to emissions and performance of the ESP.

Hack, P. (Baltimore Gas and Electric Co., Lusby, MD (United States))

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

ATP Hydrolysis Stimulates Large Length Fluctuations in Single Actin Filaments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ATP Hydrolysis Stimulates Large Length Fluctuations in Single Actin Filaments Evgeny B. Stukalin is investigated theoretically using a stochastic model that takes into account the hydrolysis of ATP filaments. It is found that the ATP hydrolysis has a strong effect on dynamic properties of single actin

409

Geomorphologic Evidences of Great Flank Collapses in the Northwest of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work provides geological observations that support the existence of several large rock slides in the northwest sector of the Gran Canaria Island, which are now covered by recent ... slides that affect succes...

Jorge Yepes Temio; Nieves Snchez

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Biochem. J. (1998) 331, 775781 (Printed in Great Britain) 775 Pseudomonas cellulose-binding domains mediate their effects by increasing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Geoffrey P. HAZLEWOOD and Harry J. GILBERT*1 *Department of Biological and Nutritional Sciences, University, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, U.K., and RDepartment of Microbiology and Immunology, University

Williamson, Mike P.

411

Doppler Effect in a Moving Medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The great increase in the accuracy of Doppler measurements in space requires a rigorous definition ... perturbation theorem which generalizes the concept of the Doppler effect as a Lagrangean derivative. Relativi...

Bruno Bertotti

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Sustainability of Large Photovoltaic Deployment: Environmental Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sustainability of Large Photovoltaic Deployment: Environmental Research Sustainability of Large Photovoltaic Deployment: Environmental ResearchEnvironmental ResearchEnvironmental Research Vasilis Fthenakis and Te from Cadmium Telluride Photovoltaic Manufacturing Scrap, Progress in Photovoltaics: Research

Homes, Christopher C.

413

Production of Large Quantities of Heavy Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... concentrates of the new water are now produced on a large scale in Norway by Norsk Hydro-Elektrisk Kvlstofaktieselskab, Oslo. Large quantities of 1: 300-water can be ...

LEIF TRONSTAD

1934-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

414

Restoration of Large Damage Volumes in Polymers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Restoration of Large...regenerative power of tissues...synthetic system that restores...hours. After restoration of impact damage...tripodal ligand system based on the...Ed., CRC Handbook of Chemistry...construction. Restoration of Large...

S. R. White; J. S. Moore; N. R. Sottos; B. P. Krull; W. A. Santa Cruz; R. C. R. Gergely

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

415

Fission-fusion sociality in dusky dolphins (Lagenorhynchus obscurus), with comparisons to other dolphins and great apes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I examined fission-fusion sociality in dusky dolphins (Lagenorhynchus obscurus), and investigated aspects of social convergence between dolphins and great apes. I used boat-based group focal follows and photo-identification to collect data...

Pearson, Heidi Christine

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

416

Heimgartner, Louie, Scott, Thelen, Lopez, Coolbaugh The crustal thickness of the Great Basin: using seismic refraction to assess  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Geothermal Energy, University of Nevada, Reno Keywords: seismic refraction, Basin and Range, Great Basin flow can be higher, and the potential for geothermal energy may be greater. In addition, crustal

417

Nrumpr).rholoy,a. Vol. 21. No 6. pp. 871-880. 1989. Prmted I" Great Bnlam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nrumpr).rholoy,a. Vol. 21. No 6. pp. 871-880. 1989. Prmted I" Great Bnlam 002X-3932189 $3, Neurologische Klinik, Abteilung Neuropsychologie, Frauenklinikstr. 26, 8091 Ziirich, Switzerland. 871 #12

Schroeder-Heister, Peter

418

Assessment of Time-Series MODIS Data for Cropland Mapping in the U.S. Central Great Plains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this study was to further investigate the potential of MODIS NDVI 250-m data for crop spectral characterization, discrimination, and mapping in the Great Plains of the USA using various exploratory approaches. ...

Masialeti, Iwake

2008-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

419

NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-54 UPDATE OF U.S. GREAT LAKES TRIBUTARY LOADINGS, 1979-80  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for publicity or advertising purposes, of information from this publication concerning proprietary products of the Pollution From Land Use Activities Reference Group (PLUARG) study, the Great Lakes Basin Co

420

Alternative large-N limit for QCD and its implications for low-energy nuclear phenomena  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Corrigan-Ramond model for large-N QCD is analyzed in detail. The spectrum, leading-order results for interactions, and an effective Lagrangian describing large-N interactions are derived. This Lagrangian, when quantized, provides an effective quantum field theory for mesons and baryons. The applicability of such a theory to low-energy nuclear phenomena is studied. The model has features that distinguish it clearly from standard large-N QCD.

Elias B. Kiritsis and Joannis Papavassiliou

1990-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Investigation of propulsion system for large LNG ships  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Requirements to move away from coal for power generation has made LNG as the most sought after fuel source, raising steep demands on its supply and production. Added to this scenario is the gradual depletion of the offshore oil and gas fields which is pushing future explorations and production activities far away into the hostile environment of deep sea. Production of gas in such environment has great technical and commercial impacts on gas business. For instance, laying gas pipes from deep sea to distant receiving terminals will be technically and economically challenging. Alternative to laying gas pipes will require installing re-liquefaction unit on board FPSOs to convert gas into liquid for transportation by sea. But, then because of increased distance between gas source and receiving terminals the current medium size LNG ships will no longer remain economical to operate. Recognizing this business scenario shipowners are making huge investments in the acquisition of large LNG ships. As power need of large LNG ships is very different from the current small ones, a variety of propulsion derivatives such as UST, DFDE, 2-Stroke DRL and Combined cycle GT have been proposed by leading engine manufacturers. Since, propulsion system constitutes major element of the ship's capital and life cycle cost, which of these options is most suited for large LNG ships is currently a major concern of the shipping industry and must be thoroughly assessed. In this paper the authors investigate relative merits of these propulsion options against the benchmark performance criteria of BOG disposal, fuel consumption, gas emissions, plant availability and overall life cycle cost.

R P Sinha; Wan Mohd Norsani Wan Nik

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Radio Astronomy with Very Large Arrray  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...construction of the Very Large Array of radio telk...role of the Very Large Array in c research...control building. atmosphere is transpi mainly...their wave-00. Large optical V,Iu...radia-tion to the area ofthe sky covered...Neutral H: 1420.4 MHz H, He, and so on...

R. M. Hjellming; R. C. Bignell

1982-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

423

Conundrum of the Large Scale Streaming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The etiology of the large scale peculiar velocity (large scale streaming motion) of clusters would increasingly seem more tenuous, within the context of the gravitational instability hypothesis. Are there any alternative testable models possibly accounting for such large scale streaming of clusters?

T. M. Malm

1999-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

424

GPS Water Vapor Projects Within the ARM Southern Great Plains Region  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GPS Water Vapor Projects Within the ARM GPS Water Vapor Projects Within the ARM Southern Great Plains Region J. Braun, T. Van Hove, S. Y. Ha, and C. Rocken GPS Science and Technology Program University Corporation for Atmospheric Research Boulder, Colorado Abstract The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program has a need for an improved capability to measure and characterize the four-dimensional distribution of water vapor within the atmosphere. Applications for this type of data include their use in radiation transfer studies, cloud-resolving and single-column models, and for the establishment of an extended time series of water vapor observations. The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research's (UCAR) GPS Science and Technology (GST) Program is working with ARM to leverage the substantial investment in

425

Lead particles in the Great Smoky Mountains biosphere reserve. Interim report  

SciTech Connect

Remote air monitoring using 0.45-micrometer Millipore filters at eight remote sites in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park has shown that lead particulates are contributing to the contamination of this designated biosphere reserve. Analytical results of these filters by atomic absorption spectrophotometry, x-ray fluorescence, and scanning electron microscopy showed that lead air concentrations varied frm a high of 141.ng/cu m to a low of 18.9 ng/cu m. The spherical shape of the lead particulates indicates that the moieties were formed by high temperature processes, such as by internal combustion engines. Also, the small particulate size may indicate long range transport and subsequent deposition from urban and/or industrialized areas.

Wiersma, G.B.; Frank, C.W.; Brown, K.W.; Davidson, C.I.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Greatly enhanced acoustic noise and the onset of stimulated Brillouin scattering  

SciTech Connect

Experiments using near-infrared to ultraviolet lasers offer the potential to study the acoustic noise in plasmas. As the onset of stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) has come to be closely examined, the evidence indicates that the acoustic noise may often or always be far above thermal levels. Evidence regarding the noise is reported here, from two recent experiments which confirmed the theoretically anticipated onset behavior for SBS. In one case, the noise appears to be greatly enhanced above thermal levels. In the other case, the data place an upper limit on the noise level. There is physical grounds to believe that enhanced acoustic noise may be ubiquitous in plasmas, even in the absence of plasma instabilities which drive turbulence. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Drake, R.P. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2143 (United States)] [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2143 (United States); Estabrook, K. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Watt, R.G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1663, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1663, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Electrofishing survey of the Great Miami River, September 1992. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

At the end of summer in 1992 the fishery of the Great Miami River took an unexpected deviation from the stasis of past years as an intense suspended algal bloom decreased the compositional diversity found at the lower GMR stations. Daytime supersaturation of oxygen and elevated pHs, reaching 9 by midday during the month of August, undoubtedly caused severe deficits of oxygen at night. Despite the aeration at every riffle, the intensities of the biological processes in the water were sufficient to cause very high positive and negative excursions of oxygen over the day and night cycle. This report documents a fish harvest that was conducted as part of the oxygen excess/deficit study.

Miller, M.C.; Bixby, R.; Engman, J.; Ross, L.; Stocker, L. [Cincinnati Univ., OH (United States). Dept. of Biological Sciences

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Comparison of Shatter Effects in Autodesk Maya with nCloth and DMM Plugin.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In todays society, movies and videogames with a great deal of visual effects that contain objects that break, shatter or explode are popular. They (more)

Irwin, Caroline

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Mixing device for materials with large density differences  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An auger-tube pump mixing device for mixing materials with large density differences while maintaining low stirring RPM and low power consumption. The mixing device minimizes the formation of vortexes and minimizes the incorporation of small bubbles in the liquid during mixing. By avoiding the creation of a vortex the device provides efficient stirring of full containers without spillage over the edge. Also, the device solves the problem of effective mixing in vessels where the liquid height is large compared to the diameter. Because of the gentle stirring or mixing by the device, it has application for biomedical uses where cell damage is to be avoided.

Gregg, David W. (Moraga, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Mixing device for materials with large density differences  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An auger-tube pump mixing device is disclosed for mixing materials with large density differences while maintaining low stirring RPM and low power consumption. The mixing device minimizes the formation of vortexes and minimizes the incorporation of small bubbles in the liquid during mixing. By avoiding the creation of a vortex the device provides efficient stirring of full containers without spillage over the edge. Also, the device solves the problem of effective mixing in vessels where the liquid height is large compared to the diameter. Because of the gentle stirring or mixing by the device, it has application for biomedical uses where cell damage is to be avoided. 2 figs.

Gregg, D.W.

1994-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

431

Photovoltaics effective capacity: Interim final report 2  

SciTech Connect

The authors provide solid evidence, based on more than 8 million data points, that regional photovoltaic (PV) effective capacity is largely unrelated to the region`s solar resource. They confirm, however, that effective capacity is strongly related to load-shape characteristics. The load-shape effective-capacity relationship appears to be valid for end-use loads as small as 100 kW, except possibly in the case of electrically heated buildings. This relationship was used as a tool to produce a US map of PV`s effective capacity. The regions of highest effective capacities include (1) the central US from the northern Great Plains to the metropolitan areas of Chicago and Detroit, down to the lower Mississippi Valley, (2) California and western Arizona, and (3) the northeast metropolitan corridor. The features of this map are considerably different from the traditional solar resource maps. They tend to reflect the socio-economic and climatic factors that indirectly drive PV`s effective capacity: e.g., commercial air-conditioning, little use of electric heat, and strong summer heat waves. The map provides a new and significant insight to a comprehensive valuation of the PV resource. The authors assembled preliminary evidence showing that end-use load type may be related to PV`s effective capacity. Highest effective capacities were found for (nonelectrically heated) office buildings, followed by hospitals. Lowest capacities were found for airports and residences. Many more data points are needed, however, to ascertain and characterize these preliminary findings.

Perez, R.; Seals, R. [State Univ. of New York, Albany, NY (United States). Atmospheric Sciences Research Center

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Evaluation of retrocommissioning persistence in large commercialbuildings  

SciTech Connect

Commercial Building Retrocommissioning activity has increased in recent years. This paper discusses LBNL's recently conducted study of 8 participants in the Sacramento Municipal Utility District Retrocommissioning program. We evaluated the persistence of energy savings and measure implementation, in an effort to identify and understand factors that can improve the longevity of retrocommissioning benefits. The LBNL analysis included a whole-building and measure status analysis, incorporating elements of previous work by Texas A&M University and Portland Energy Conservation Inc. Included in the energy analysis were whole building calculated energy savings and consideration of effects from the 2001 energy crisis. The measure persistence analysis examined each recommended measure and it's current operational status. Results showed a 59% implementation rate of recommended measures. Some process findings were: (1) Building engineers will tweak a measure that didn't work, instead of reverting to the pre-retrocommissioning settings; (2) A majority of the implementation costs were absorbed into regular operation and maintenance budgets; (3) The most frequently reported down side was the large time demands on the building engineering staff. However, all respondents thought it was worth the price; (4) All the sites said that retrocommissioning is beneficial to their operations, due to ongoing training and continuous improvement of system specifications; and (5) Approximately 65% of the peak retrocommissioning savings persisted beyond four years.

Bourassa, Norman J.; Piette, Mary Ann; Motegi, Naoya

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Nonequilibrium Markov processes conditioned on large deviations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the problem of conditioning a Markov process on a rare event and of representing this conditioned process by a conditioning-free process, called the effective or driven process. The basic assumption is that the rare event used in the conditioning is a large deviation-type event, characterized by a convex rate function. Under this assumption, we construct the driven process via a generalization of Doob's $h$-transform, used in the context of bridge processes, and show that this process is equivalent to the conditioned process in the long-time limit. The notion of equivalence that we consider is based on the logarithmic equivalence of path measures and implies that the two processes have the same typical states. In constructing the driven process, we also prove equivalence with the so-called exponential tilting of the Markov process, which is used with importance sampling to simulate rare events, and which gives rise, from the point of view of statistical mechanics, to a nonequilibrium version of the canonical ensemble. Other links between our results and the topics of bridge processes, quasi-stationary distributions, stochastic control, and conditional limit theorems are mentioned.

Raphael Chetrite; Hugo Touchette

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

434

Regional CO2 and latent heat surface fluxes in the Southern Great Plains: Measurements, modeling, and scaling  

SciTech Connect

Characterizing net ecosystem exchanges (NEE) of CO{sub 2} and sensible and latent heat fluxes in heterogeneous landscapes is difficult, yet critical given expected changes in climate and land use. We report here a measurement and modeling study designed to improve our understanding of surface to atmosphere gas exchanges under very heterogeneous land cover in the mostly agricultural U.S. Southern Great Plains (SGP). We combined three years of site-level, eddy covariance measurements in several of the dominant land cover types with regional-scale climate data from the distributed Mesonet stations and Next Generation Weather Radar precipitation measurements to calibrate a land surface model of trace gas and energy exchanges (isotope-enabled land surface model (ISOLSM)). Yearly variations in vegetation cover distributions were estimated from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer normalized difference vegetation index and compared to regional and subregional vegetation cover type estimates from the U.S. Department of Agriculture census. We first applied ISOLSM at a 250 m spatial scale to account for vegetation cover type and leaf area variations that occur on hundred meter scales. Because of computational constraints, we developed a subsampling scheme within 10 km 'macrocells' to perform these high-resolution simulations. We estimate that the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility SGP region net CO{sub 2} exchange with the local atmosphere was -240, -340, and -270 gC m{sup -2} yr{sup -1} (positive toward the atmosphere) in 2003, 2004, and 2005, respectively, with large seasonal variations. We also performed simulations using two scaling approaches at resolutions of 10, 30, 60, and 90 km. The scaling approach applied in current land surface models led to regional NEE biases of up to 50 and 20% in weekly and annual estimates, respectively. An important factor in causing these biases was the complex leaf area index (LAI) distribution within cover types. Biases in predicted weekly average regional latent heat fluxes were smaller than for NEE, but larger than for either ecosystem respiration or assimilation alone. However, spatial and diurnal variations of hundreds of W m{sup -2} in latent heat fluxes were common. We conclude that, in this heterogeneous system, characterizing vegetation cover type and LAI at the scale of spatial variation are necessary for accurate estimates of bottom-up, regional NEE and surface energy fluxes.

Riley, W. J.; Biraud, S.C.; Torn, M.S.; Fischer, M.L.; Billesbach, D.P.; Berry, J.A.

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

435

Biotechnol. Appl. Biochem. (2005) 42, 119131 (Printed in Great Britain) doi:10.1042/BA20040207 119 Clonal evolution of stem and differentiated cells can be  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biotechnol. Appl. Biochem. (2005) 42, 119­131 (Printed in Great Britain) doi:10.1042/BA20040207 119

Zandstra, Peter W.

436

The History of the Great Northwest European Rivers During the Past Three Million Years [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...material accumulated in the river valleys as gravel and sand deposits...The deeply incised modern valley system has developed largely...Somme River streams Thames River valleys Weser River Western Europe 1987...Res. Cambridge United Kingdom West R. G. editor Bowen D. Q...

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

/. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. (1994), 74, 367-382 367 Printed in Great Britain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

North Sea by selected Scottish fishing boats during 1985-1992, large numbers of the normally rare short, such as incursions of high salinity sea-water, has been suggested to be a factor in these occurrences (Rae & Lamont briefly discussed. MATERIALS AND METHODS By-catches of squid taken in the northern North Sea were obtained

Pierce, Graham

438

The quenching effect of hydrogen on the nitrogen in metastable state in atmospheric-pressure N{sub 2}-H{sub 2} microwave plasma torch  

SciTech Connect

The atmospheric-pressure microwave N{sub 2}-H{sub 2} plasma torch is generated and diagnosed by optical emission spectroscopy. It is found that a large amount of N atoms and NH radicals are generated in the plasma torch and the emission intensity of N{sub 2}{sup +} first negative band is the strongest over the spectra. The mixture of hydrogen in nitrogen plasma torch causes the morphology of the plasma discharge to change with appearance that the afterglow shrinks greatly and the emission intensity of N{sub 2}{sup +} first negative band decreases with more hydrogen mixed into nitrogen plasma. In atmospheric-pressure microwave-induced plasma torch, the hydrogen imposes a great influence on the characteristics of nitrogen plasma through the quenching effect of the hydrogen on the metastable state of N{sub 2}.

Li, Shou-Zhe, E-mail: lisz@dlut.edu.cn; Zhang, Xin; Chen, Chuan-Jie; Zhang, Jialiang [Key Laboratory of Materials Modification by Laser, Ion, Electron Beams (Dalian University of Technology), Ministry of Education, Dalian 116024 (China); School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Wang, Yong-Xing [College of Electrical Engineering, Dalian 116024 (China); Xia, Guang-Qing [School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

The Prairie Naturalist Call for Paper Submissions The Great Plains Natural Science Society, founded in 1967, seeks to promote interest in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Prairie Naturalist Call for Paper Submissions The Great Plains Natural Science Society, founded in 1967, seeks to promote interest in and understanding of natural history in the Great Plains, peer-reviewed journal which deals with the natural history and environment of the Great Plains region

440

Page Charges for Publishing in The Prairie Naturalist If any author is a member of The Great Plains Natural Science Society  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Page Charges for Publishing in The Prairie Naturalist If any author is a member of The Great Plains are members of The Great Plains Natural Science Society: $120/page Color Charges: Color figures cost $650 reprint o If no authors are members of The Great Plains Natural Science Society $75 regardless

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The Center for Great Plains Studies is an interdisciplinary, intercollegiate, regional research and teaching program administered in the College of Arts and Sciences at the University of Nebraska-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Center for Great Plains Studies is an interdisciplinary, intercollegiate, regional research Plains. A region with highly variable weather set against grassy, rolling land, the Great Plains as the implications of these relationships for the future. Careers A major or minor in Great Plains Studies may

Logan, David

442

Brightness and color of rapidly moving objects: The visual appearance of a large sphere revisited  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An object at relativistic speed is seen as both rotated and distorted when it is large or close by so that it subtends a large solid angle. This is a consequence of the aberration effect and is obtained by purely geometric considerations. In this paper it is pointed out and illustrated that a photorealistic image of such an object would actually be dominated by the Doppler and searchlight effects which would be so prominent as to render the geometric apparent shape effectively invisible.

U. Kraus

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Sealing Ducts in Large Commercial Buildings with Aerosolized Sealant Particles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2414 2414 1 Sealing Ducts in Large Commercial Buildings with Aerosolized Sealant Particles M. P. Modera, O. Brzozowski ** , F. R. Carrié * , D. J. Dickerhoff, W. W. Delp, W. J. Fisk, R. Levinson, D. Wang Abstract Electricity energy savings potential by eliminating air leakage from ducts in large commercial buildings is on the order of 10 kWh/m 2 per year (1 kWh/ft 2 ). We have tested, in two large commercial buildings, a new technology that simultaneously seals duct leaks and measures effective leakage area of ducts. The technology is based upon injecting a fog of aerosolized sealant particles into a pressurized duct system. In brief, this process involves blocking all of the intentional openings in a duct system (e.g., diffusers). Therefore, when the system is pressurized, the only place for the air carrying the aerosol

444

Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and Utilization Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and Utilization January 25, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A breakthrough carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) project in Texas has begun capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) and piping it to an oilfield for use in enhanced oil recovery (EOR). Read the project factsheet The project at Air Products and Chemicals hydrogen production facility in Port Arthur, Texas, is significant for demonstrating both the effectiveness and commercial viability of CCUS technology as an option in helping mitigate atmospheric CO2 emissions. Funded in part through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), the project is managed by the U.S.

445

Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and Utilization Breakthrough Large-Scale Industrial Project Begins Carbon Capture and Utilization January 25, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A breakthrough carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) project in Texas has begun capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) and piping it to an oilfield for use in enhanced oil recovery (EOR). Read the project factsheet The project at Air Products and Chemicals hydrogen production facility in Port Arthur, Texas, is significant for demonstrating both the effectiveness and commercial viability of CCUS technology as an option in helping mitigate atmospheric CO2 emissions. Funded in part through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), the project is managed by the U.S.

446

Large discharge-volume, silent discharge spark plug  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A large discharge-volume spark plug for providing self-limiting microdischarges. The apparatus includes a generally spark plug-shaped arrangement of a pair of electrodes, where either of the two coaxial electrodes is substantially shielded by a dielectric barrier from a direct discharge from the other electrode, the unshielded electrode and the dielectric barrier forming an annular volume in which self-terminating microdischarges occur when alternating high voltage is applied to the center electrode. The large area over which the discharges occur, and the large number of possible discharges within the period of an engine cycle, make the present silent discharge plasma spark plug suitable for use as an ignition source for engines. In the situation, where a single discharge is effective in causing ignition of the combustible gases, a conventional single-polarity, single-pulse, spark plug voltage supply may be used.

Kang, Michael (Los Alamos, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Viscous damping of r-modes: Large amplitude saturation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analyze the viscous damping of r-mode oscillations of compact stars, taking into account nonlinear viscous effects in the large-amplitude regime. The qualitatively different cases of hadronic stars, strange quark stars, and hybrid stars are studied. We calculate the viscous damping times of r-modes, obtaining numerical results and also general approximate analytic expressions that explicitly exhibit the dependence on the parameters that are relevant for a future spin-down evolution calculation. The strongly enhanced damping of large-amplitude oscillations leads to damping times that are considerably lower than those obtained when the amplitude dependence of the viscosity is neglected. Consequently, large-amplitude viscous damping competes with the gravitational instability at all physical frequencies and could stop the r-mode growth in case this is not done before by nonlinear hydrodynamic mechanisms.

Mark G. Alford; Simin Mahmoodifar; Kai Schwenzer

2012-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

448

The Large Observatory For X-ray Timing: LOFT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LOFT, the Large Observatory for X-ray Timing, is a new space mission concept devoted to observations of Galactic and extra-Galactic sources in the X-ray domain with the main goals of probing gravity theory in the very strong field environment of black holes and other compact objects, and investigating the state of matter at supra-nuclear densities in neutron stars. The instruments on-board LOFT, the Large area detector and the Wide Field Monitor combine for the first time an unprecedented large effective area (~10 m2 at 8 keV) sensitive to X-ray photons mainly in the 2-30 keV energy range and a spectral resolution approaching that of CCD-based telescopes (down to 200 eV at 6 keV). LOFT is currently competing for a launch of opportunity in 2022 together with the other M3 mission candidates of the ESA Cosmic Vision Program.

Bozzo, E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Large-scale 2D electronics based on single-layer MoS[subscript 2] grown by chemical vapor deposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2D nanoelectronics based on single-layer MoS[subscript 2] offers great advantages for both conventional and ubiquitous applications. This paper discusses the large-scale CVD growth of single-layer MoS[subscript 2] and ...

Wang, H.

450

Large-eddy simulations of scramjet engines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The main objective of this dissertation is to develop large-eddy simulation (LES) based computational tools for supersonic inlet and combustor design. In the recent past, (more)

Koo, Heeseok

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

A multiple-tracer approach to understanding regional groundwater flow in the Snake Valley area of the eastern Great Basin, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Groundwater in Snake Valley and surrounding basins in the eastern Great Basin province of the western United States is being targeted for large-scale groundwater extraction and export. Concern about declining groundwater levels and spring flows in western Utah as a result of the proposed groundwater withdrawals has led to efforts that have improved the understanding of this regional groundwater flow system. In this study, environmental tracers (?2H, ?18O, 3H, 14C, 3He, 4He, 20Ne, 40Ar, 84Kr, and 129Xe) and major ions from 142 sites were evaluated to investigate groundwater recharge and flow-path characteristics. With few exceptions, ?2H and ?18O show that most valley groundwater has similar ratios to mountain springs, indicating recharge is dominated by relatively high-altitude precipitation. The spatial distribution of 3H, terrigenic helium (4Heterr), and 3H/3He ages shows that modern groundwater (temperatures (NGTs) are generally 111C in Snake and southern Spring Valleys and >11C to the east of Snake Valley and indicate a hydraulic discontinuity between Snake and Tule Valleys across the northern Confusion Range. The combination of \\{NGTs\\} and 4Heterr shows that the majority of Snake Valley groundwater discharges as springs, evapotranspiration, and well withdrawals within Snake Valley rather than continuing northeastward to discharge at either Fish Springs or the Great Salt Lake Playa. The refined understanding of groundwater recharge and flow paths acquired from this multi-tracer investigation has broad implications for interbasin subsurface flow estimates and future groundwater development.

Philip M. Gardner; Victor M. Heilweil

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

NETL: News Release - CO2 Injection in Kansas Oilfield Could Greatly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

31, 2011 31, 2011 CO2 Injection in Kansas Oilfield Could Greatly Increase Production, Permanently Store Carbon Dioxide, DOE Study Says Near-Miscible Flooding in Arbuckle Formation Would Help Small Producers Tap Additional Domestic Resources Washington, D.C. - The feasibility of using carbon dioxide (CO2) injection for recovering between 250 million and 500 million additional barrels of oil from Kansas oilfields has been established in a study funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The University of Kansas Center for Research studied the possibility of near-miscible CO2 flooding for extending the life of mature oilfields in the Arbuckle Formation while simultaneously providing permanent geologic storage of carbon dioxide, a major greenhouse gas. Miscibility refers to the pressure at which the CO2 and oil are completely soluble in one another or form a single phase. Below the minimum miscibility pressure (MMP) the injected CO2 mixes with and swells the oil to reduce its viscosity, increasing its ability to flow through the reservoir more easily to the production well.

453

Potential Agricultural Uses of Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum in the Northern Great Plains  

SciTech Connect

Flue gas desulfurization gypsum (FGDG) is a byproduct from the combustion of coal for electrical energy production. Currently, FGDG is being produced by 15 electrical generating stations in Alabama, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Ohio, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Wisconsin. Much of this byproduct is used in the manufacturing of wallboard. The National Network for Use of FGDG in Agriculture was initiated to explore alternative uses of this byproduct. In the northern Great Plains (North Dakota, South Dakota, and Montana), FGDG has the potential to be used as a Ca or S fertilizer, as an acid soil ameliorant, and for reclaiming or mitigating sodium-affected soils. Greater than 1.4 million Mg of FGDG could initially be used in these states for these purposes. Flue gas desulfurization gypsum can be an agriculturally important resource for helping to increase the usefulness of problem soils and to increase crop and rangeland production. Conducting beneficial use audits would increase the public awareness of this product and help identify to coal combustion electrical generating stations the agriculturally beneficial outlets for this byproduct.

DeSutter, T.M.; Cihacek, L.J. [North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND (United States). Department of Soil Science

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

454

Electrofishing survey of the Great Miami River, September 17--18, 1996. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The electrofishing survey of fish from the Great Miami River at RM 19, 24 and 38 from late summer 1996 demonstrated the sensitivity of the fish community to microhabitat variation. The variation was particularly clear between the pooled, low flow sections of the river and the runs, where fast current habitats occurred. In 1996, like most recent years, the differences were obvious between Rm 24 and RM 19 and RM 38. River Mile 24 was characterized by a fish community of current-loving fish, dominated by Catastomidae (suckers), and Ictaluridae (catfish). In contrast, samples from pooled stations at RM 19 and 38 were dominated by Centrarchidae, Clupeidae and Cyprinidae, particularly the carp. The microhabitats sampled around the abutments of bridges at RM 19 and 38 where fast current and physical structure occurred, both resembled the community at RM 24. Changes in the fish communities associated with the upstream/downstream changes in stream volume, channel size, morphology, etc., were evidenced by the community coefficients which showed least similarity between the most distant sites.

Moller, B.; Miller, M.C.; Buschelmann, F.; Evans, R.L. [Cincinnati Univ., OH (United States). Dept. of Biological Sciences

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

455

Coal in the Northern Rocky Mountains and Great Plains Region -- Clean, compliant, and available  

SciTech Connect

The Northern Rocky Mountains and Great Plains region produced over 340 million short tons of coal in 1997, approximately 30 percent of the nation`s total coal production. Coals from this region are shipped to 26 states in the western, midwest, southern, and eastern US and production is projected to increase to 415 million short tons by 2015; the projected increase will be utilized primarily for production of electric power. The coals are economically attractive because they can be produced by surface mining, and do not require costly beneficiation to be compliant with emission standards. The coals are compliant because their chemical composition was influenced by tectonic settings of the coal basins and provenance of the sediments entering the basins. Tectonics during the Paleocene also influenced rates of precipitation and depositional systems. These factors, in concert, controlled the amount, distribution, and levels of sulfur, ash, and trace elements of environmental concern in the region`s coals. The emphasis of this paper is on the chemistry of these thick, high-quality coals and the geologic controls that resulted in their accumulation.

Stricker, G.D.; Ellis, M.S.; Flores, R.M.; Bader, L.R. [Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

456

HI deficiency in the galaxy cluster ACO 3627. ATCA observations in the Great Attractor region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ATCA 21 cm HI observations of the rich galaxy cluster ACO 3627 in the Great Attractor region are presented. Three fields of 30' diameter located within one Abell radius of ACO 3627 were observed with a resolution of 15'' and an rms noise of \\sim 1 mJy/beam. Only two galaxies were detected in these fields. We compare their HI distribution to new optical R-band images and discuss their velocity fields. The first galaxy is a gas-rich unperturbed spiral whereas the second shows a peculiar HI distribution. The estimated 3-sigma HI mass limit of our observations is \\sim 7 x 10^8 M_{\\odot} for a line width of 150 km s^{-1}. The non-detection of a considerable number of luminous spiral galaxies indicates that the spiral galaxies are HI deficient. The low detection rate is comparable to the HI deficient Coma cluster (Bravo-Alfaro et al. 2000). ACO 3627 is a bright X-ray cluster. We therefore suspect that ram pressure stripping is responsible for the HI deficiency of the bright cluster spirals.

Vollmer, B; Van Driel, W; Henning, P A; Kraan-Korteweg, R C; Balkowski, C; Woudt, P A; Duschl, W J

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Voluntary electricity conservation of households after the Great East Japan Earthquake: A stated preference analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper examines the voluntary electricity-saving awareness of households after the Great East Japan Earthquake and the subsequent accident at the Fukushima nuclear power station. We conduct a conjoint analysis of consumer stated preferences for the settings of air conditioners, refrigerators, and the standby power of electrical appliances, based on a web questionnaire survey administered in the areas supplied by the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) and Kansai Electric Power Company (KEPCO). The main findings of this paper are as follows. First, we observe awareness of voluntary electricity conservation among the households in both the TEPCO and KEPCO areas after the disasters. Second, awareness of voluntary power saving is higher in the TEPCO area, which has been directly affected by the electric power shortages, in comparison with the KEPCO area, where there was no such direct impact. Third, if power prices are to be further raised, the consumer responses to the price changes would be small in both areas. Furthermore, we show that the potential voluntary reduction in electric power consumption of a household in the TEPCO area is 26% more than that in the KEPCO area during the summer peak periods.

Makoto Tanaka; Takanori Ida

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Microwave Absorption and Radiation from Large-area Multilayer CVD Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the emergence of reproducible large-area synthesis of graphene by chemical coplanar waveguides [2123], rectangular waveguides [24], ve been carried out in the microwave transisto t and dyn osed [36]. multilayer graphene is also of great interest as a h... metamaterial in the THz regime [37]. Microwave absorption of graphene composites have been experimentally studied to design microwave absorbing mate- * Corresponding author. C A R B O N 7 7 ( 2 0 1 4 ) 8 1 4 8 2 2 Avai lab le at www.sc iencedi rect .com...

Wu, Bian; Tuncer, Hatice M.; Katsounaros, Anestis; Wu, Weiping; Cole, Matthew T.; Ying, Kai; Zhang, Lianhong; Milne, William I.; Hao, Yang

459

Plastic, the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, and International Misfires at a Cure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the environmental effects of BPA, including "requiringphthalates and bisphenol A ("BPA"), are relevant to thishad detectable levels of BPA in their urine, and that other

Harse, Grant A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

HTS cables open the window for large-scale renewables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a realistic approach to future energy consumption, the effects of sustainable power sources and the effects of growing welfare with increased use of electricity need to be considered. These factors lead to an increased transfer of electric energy over the networks. A dominant part of the energy need will come from expanded large-scale renewable sources. To use them efficiently over Europe, large energy transits between different countries are required. Bottlenecks in the existing infrastructure will be avoided by strengthening the network. For environmental reasons more infrastructure will be built underground. Nuon is studying the HTS technology as a component to solve these challenges. This technology offers a tremendously large power transport capacity as well as the possibility to reduce short circuit currents, making integration of renewables easier. Furthermore, power transport will be possible at lower voltage levels, giving the opportunity to upgrade the existing network while re-using it. This will result in large cost savings while reaching the future energy challenges. In a 6 km backbone structure in Amsterdam Nuon wants to install a 50 kV HTS Triax cable for a significant increase of the transport capacity, while developing its capabilities. Nevertheless several barriers have to be overcome.

A Geschiere; D Willn; E Piga; P Barendregt

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large effect greatly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Seasonal and inter-annual variability in 13C composition of ecosystem carbon fluxes in the U.S. Southern Great Plains  

SciTech Connect

The {delta}{sup 13}C signature of terrestrial carbon fluxes ({delta}{sub bio}) provides an important constraint for inverse models of CO{sub 2} sources and sinks, insight into vegetation physiology, C{sub 3} and C{sub 4} vegetation productivity, and ecosystem carbon residence times. From 2002-2009, we measured atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentration and {delta}{sup 13}C-CO{sub 2} at four heights (2 to 60 m) in the U.S. Southern Great Plains (SGP) and computed {delta}{sub bio} weekly. This region has a fine-scale mix of crops (primarily C{sub 3} winter wheat) and C{sub 4} pasture grasses. {delta}{sub bio} had a large and consistent seasonal cycle of 6-8{per_thousand}. Ensemble monthly mean {delta}{sub bio} ranged from -25.8 {+-} 0.4{per_thousand} ({+-}SE) in March to -20.1 {+-} 0.4{per_thousand} in July. Thus, C{sub 3} vegetation contributed about 80% of ecosystem fluxes in winter-spring and 50% in summer-fall. In contrast, prairie-soil {delta}{sub 13}C values were about -15{per_thousand}, indicating that historically the region was dominated by C{sub 4} vegetation and had more positive {delta}{sub bio} values. Based on a land-surface model, isofluxes ({delta}{sub bio} x NEE) in this region have large seasonal amplitude because {delta}{sub bio} and net ecosystem exchange (NEE) covary. Interannual variability in isoflux was driven by variability in NEE. The large seasonal amplitude in {delta}{sub bio} and isoflux imply that carbon inverse analyses require accurate estimates of land cover and temporally resolved {sup 13}CO{sub 2} and CO{sub 2} fluxes.

Torn, M.S.; Biraud, S.; Still, C.J.; Riley, W.J.; Berry, J.A.

2010-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

462

A Method For Eclipsing Component Identification In Large Photometric Datasets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe an automated method for assigning the most likely physical parameters to the components of an eclipsing binary (EB), using only its photometric light curve and combined color. In traditional methods (e.g. WD and EBOP) one attempts to optimize a multi-parameter model over many iterations, so as to minimize the chi-squared value. We suggest an alternative method, where one selects pairs of coeval stars from a set of theoretical stellar models, and compares their simulated light curves and combined colors with the observations. This approach greatly reduces the EB parameter-space over which one needs to search, and allows one to determine the components' masses, radii and absolute magnitudes, without spectroscopic data. We have implemented this method in an automated program using published theoretical isochrones and limb-darkening coefficients. Since it is easy to automate, this method lends itself to systematic analyses of datasets consisting of photometric time series of large numbers of stars, such as those produced by OGLE, MACHO, TrES, HAT, and many others surveys.

Jonathan Devor; David Charbonneau

2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

463

Seismic and source characteristics of large chemical explosions. Final report  

SciTech Connect

From the very beginning of its arrangement in 1947, the Institute for Dynamics of the Geospheres RAS (former Special Sector of the Institute for physics of the Earth, RAS) was providing scientific observations of effects of nuclear explosions, as well as large-scale detonations of HE, on environment. This report presents principal results of instrumental observations obtained from various large-scale chemical explosions conducted in the Former-Soviet Union in the period of time from 1957 to 1989. Considering principal aim of the work, tamped and equivalent chemical explosions have been selected with total weights from several hundreds to several thousands ton. In particular, the selected explosions were aimed to study scaling law from excavation explosions, seismic effect of tamped explosions, and for dam construction for hydropower stations and soil melioration. Instrumental data on surface explosions of total weight in the same range aimed to test military technics and special objects are not included.

Adushkin, V.V.; Kostuchenko, V.N.; Pernik, L.M.; Sultanov, D.D.; Zcikanovsky, V.I.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Compensating effect of the coherent synchrotron radiation in bunch compressors  

Typical bunch compression for a high-gain free-electron laser (FEL) requires a large compression ratio. Frequently, this compression is distributed in multiple stages along the beam transport line. However, for a high-gain FEL driven by an energy recovery linac (ERL), compression must be accomplished in a single strong compressor located at the beam lines end; otherwise the electron beam would be affected severely by coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) in the ERLs arcs. In such a scheme, the CSR originating from the strong compressors could greatly degrade the quality of the electron beam. In this paper, we present our design for a bunch compressor that will limit the effect of CSR on the e-beams quality. We discuss our findings from a study of such a compressor, and detail its potential for an FEL driven by a multipass ERL developed for the electron-Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider.

Jing, Yichao; Hao, Yue; Litvinenko, Vladimir N.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Land surface temperature estimation over the Northern Great Plains using passive microwave data from Nimbus 7  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the large areas covered by low resolution satellites, so simplified models are used. Such models represent the soil as a single emitting layer and rely on the dependence of soil dielectric properties to soil moisture content. According to Mo et al. (1980... is inversely related to the intensity of enussion, and as the soil ntoisture decreases the emissivity increases. The dielectric constant also depends on tensperature, but actual calculation of surface emission. by Mo et al. (198D) showed that the dependence...

Lambert, Vicki Michelle

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

466

Scale and timing of movements on the Great Glen fault, Scotland  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of Lon - d o n Q u a r t e r l y J o u r n a l , v. 102, p. 41 -72 . M y k u r a . W., 1975, Poss ible large-scale s inis tral d i sp l acemen t a l o n g the Grea t Glen Fau l t in S c o t l a n d : Geolog ica l Magaz ine , v. 112, p . 91 -93...

467

Cost effectiveness of recycling: A systems model  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Curbside collection of recyclables reduces overall system costs over a range of conditions. When avoided costs for recyclables are large, even high collection costs are supported. When avoided costs for recyclables are not great, there are reduced opportunities for savings. For common waste compositions, maximizing curbside recyclables collection always saves money. - Abstract: Financial analytical models of waste management systems have often found that recycling costs exceed direct benefits, and in order to economically justify recycling activities, externalities such as household expenses or environmental impacts must be invoked. Certain more empirically based studies have also found that recycling is more expensive than disposal. Other work, both through models and surveys, have found differently. Here we present an empirical systems model, largely drawn from a suburban Long Island municipality. The model accounts for changes in distribution of effort as recycling tonnages displace disposal tonnages, and the seven different cases examined all show that curbside collection programs that manage up to between 31% and 37% of the waste stream should result in overall system savings. These savings accrue partially because of assumed cost differences in tip fees for recyclables and disposed wastes, and also because recycling can result in a more efficient, cost-effective collection program. These results imply that increases in recycling are justifiable due to cost-savings alone, not on more difficult to measure factors that may not impact program budgets.

Tonjes, David J., E-mail: david.tonjes@stonybrook.edu [Department of Technology and Society, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3560 (United States); Waste Reduction and Management Institute, School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-5000 (United States); Center for Bioenergy Research and Development, Advanced Energy Research and Technology Center, Stony Brook University, 1000 Innovation Rd., Stony Brook, NY 11794-6044 (United States); Mallikarjun, Sreekanth, E-mail: sreekanth.mallikarjun@stonybrook.edu [Department of Technology and Society, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3560 (United States)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

468

9 - Large-scale biomass combustion plants: an overview  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: For a long time biomass was combusted mostly on a small scale. Now the largest biomass boilers are over 500 MWth. This chapter tries to outline the main methods for large-scale biomass combustion. The main boiler types are the grate and bubbling-fluidised bed boilers although circulating-fluidised bed and pulverised firing do play a role. Particular emphasis has been placed on emissions, the effect of fuel quality and operating issues.

S. Caillat; E. Vakkilainen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Large power grid analysis using domain decomposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large power grid analysis using domain decomposition Quming Zhou, Kai Sun, Kartik Mohanram, Danny C referred to as the power grid. The power grid for a modern integrated circuit may consist of several grid is traditionally described as a large-scale linear system. Simulation of power grids usually

Mohanram, Kartik

470

Future Developments of Large Electric Generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Future Developments of Large Electric Generators C. Concordia Several observations can...continual development of large electric generators: 1. The tendency toward always increasing...unbalanced loading. 5. The type of steam generator as it may influence a tendency to use...

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Suppression of color screening at large N  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In large-N QCD, deconfinement by color screening is suppressed. The adjoint string tension is twice the fundamental string tension. Consequences for models of confinement are discussed, and a simple model of a confining large-N master field is given.

J. Greensite and M. B. Halpern

1983-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

GIS Regional Spatial Data from the Great Basin Center for Geothermal Energy: Geochemical, Geodesic, Geologic, Geophysical, Geothermal, and Groundwater Data  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Great Basin Center for Geothermal Energy, part of the University of Nevada, Reno, conducts research towards the establishment of geothermal energy as an economically viable energy source within the Great Basin. The Center specializes in collecting and synthesizing geologic, geochemical, geodetic, geophysical, and tectonic data, and using Geographic Information System (GIS) technology to view and analyze this data and to produce favorability maps of geothermal potential. The center also makes its collections of spatial data available for direct download to the public. Data are in Lambert Conformable Conic Projection.

473

Validation of Surface Retrieved Cloud Optical Properties with in situ Measurements at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) South Great Plains Site  

SciTech Connect

The surface inferred cloud optical properties from a multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer have been validated against the in situ measurements during the second ARM Enhanced Shortwave Experiment (ARESE II) field campaign at the ARM South Great Plains (SGP) site. On the basis of eight effective radius profiles measured by the in situ Forward Spectra Scattering Probe (FSSP), our retrieved cloud effective radii for single-layer warm water clouds agree well with in situ measurements, within 5.5%. The sensitivity study also illustrates that for this case a 13% uncertainty in observed liquid water path (LWP, 20 g/m2) results in 1.5% difference in retrieved cloud optical depth and 12.7% difference in referred cloud effective radius, on average. The uncertainty of the LWP measured by the microwave radiometer (MWR) is the major contributor to the uncertainty of retrieved cloud effective radius. Further, we conclude that the uncertainty of our inferred cloud optical properties is better than 5% for warm water clouds based on a surface closure study, in which cloud optical properties inferred from narrowband irradiances are applied to a shortwave model and the modeled broadband fluxes are compared to a surface pyranometer.

Min, Qilong; Duan, M.; Marchand, Roger T.

2003-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

474

A verification study on saving energy cost and reducing CO2 emission with large-scale geothermal heat pump systems in Korea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents economic and environmental effects by using monitoring data collected over a 2-yr period in geothermal heating and cooling facilities in Jungwon University Korea. The facility has heating capacity of 7045?kW and cooling capacity of 5947?kW. Such monitoring data are rarely reported in the literature; thus the evaluation based on long-term operational data will contribute greatly to the objective assessment of the geothermal heat pump system (GHPS) as a renewable energy resource. The effects of relative energy cost saving and reductions in CO2 emission were predicted for comparison with conventional heating and cooling systems. The GHPS was estimated to reduce energy costs by 76.4%85.3% and yield a reduction of CO2 emission of 398595 tons annually. We also conducted an economic analysis using the benefit/cost ratio (BCR) method according to scenarios in which the lifespan and discount rate for the GHPS were varied. Since the BCR for the GHPS was in the range of 1.993.58 (case 1) and 1.673.01 (case 2) GHPS is considered to be more economic than other types of heating and cooling systems. These results provide evidentiary data to help overcome skepticism over the applicability of large-scale GHPSs.

Byeong-Hak Park; Hyoung-Soo Kim; Kang-Kun Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

The health of Great Lakes habitats and wildlife depends upon the protection and restoration of ecosystems. A multitude of threats affect the health of Great Lakes habitats and wildlife, and many  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and implementation. AOC Land Acquisition Project The Great Lakes Areas of Concern (AOC) Land Acquisition Project, the AOC Land Acquisition Project also targets areas that are high priority for habitat restoration. The Land Acquisition Project provides GLRI funds so that state and local agencies can purchase land in AOCs

476

J . Fluid Mech. (1978), vol. 86, part 3, pp. 465-490 Printed in Great Britubn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

paper, Mills & Corrsin (1959) studied the effect of a 16 F L M 86 #12;466 J . F. Keffer, J . G. Kawall. Schematic diagram of wind tunnel. contraction upon velocity and temperature fluctuations in a homogeneous

Hunt, Julian

477

Asymptotic and measured large frequency separations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the space-borne missions CoRoT and Kepler, a large amount of asteroseismic data is now available. So-called global oscillation parameters are inferred to characterize the large sets of stars, to perform ensemble asteroseismology, and to derive scaling relations. The mean large separation is such a key parameter. It is therefore crucial to measure it with the highest accuracy. As the conditions of measurement of the large separation do not coincide with its theoretical definition, we revisit the asymptotic expressions used for analysing the observed oscillation spectra. Then, we examine the consequence of the difference between the observed and asymptotic values of the mean large separation. The analysis is focused on radial modes. We use series of radial-mode frequencies to compare the asymptotic and observational values of the large separation. We propose a simple formulation to correct the observed value of the large separation and then derive its asymptotic counterpart. We prove that, apart from glitc...

Mosser, B; Belkacem, K; Goupil, M J; Baglin, A; Barban, C; Provost, J; Samadi, R; Auvergne, M; Catala, C

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

The retail industry is a great place to work and provides managers with a wide range of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MSc Retail Management #12;The retail industry is a great place to work and provides managers with a wide range of challenges.The MSc addresses the specialised needs of the retail industry and it delivers who want a career in retail management, or for those who already have some retail experience and wish

Little, Tony

479

CBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Darkest before the Dawn? Nevada's Great Employment Recession Continues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistics. The Nevada Coincident Employment Index includes four employment measures ­ household employmentCBER-DETR Nevada Coincident and Leading Employment Indexes1 Darkest before the Dawn? Nevada's Great Employment Recession Continues The Nevada Coincident Employment Index measures the ups and downs

Ahmad, Sajjad

480

The Great Sons of Thang stong rgyal po: the Bu chen of the Pin valley, Spiti1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Great Sons of Thang stong rgyal po: the Bu chen of the Pin valley, Spiti1 Pascale Dollfus GEOGRAPHICAL AND CULTURAL SETTING Standing to the south-west, Pin is one of four units constituting Spiti2 Range and shares its eastern frontiers with Tibet (Map 1). It includes the whole valley of the Pin river

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

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481

FISH-BASED INDICATORS IN GREAT LAKES COASTAL WETLANDS DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF FISH-BASED INDICATORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FISH-BASED INDICATORS IN GREAT LAKES COASTAL WETLANDS #12;DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF FISH OF PHILOSOPHY (2006) MCMASTER UNIVERSITY (Biology) Hamilton, Ontario TITLE: Development and use of fish on the water quality, fish habitat, and fish community of a Lake Ontario marsh, Frenchman's Bay. Seilheimer, T

McMaster University

482

J. Plasma Physics (1984), vol. 32, part 3, pp. 443-461 443 Printed in Great Britain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. Plasma Physics (1984), vol. 32, part 3, pp. 443-461 443 Printed in Great Britain Bifurcation of the resistive Alfven wave spectrum By R. L. DEWAR AND B. DAVIES Department of Theoretical Physics, Research School of Physical Sciences The Australian National University, G.P.O. Box 4, Canberra A.C.T. 2601

Dewar, Robert L.

483

The future of future-oriented cognition in non-humans: theory and the empirical case of the great apes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...which they appeared to plan. However, all the acts...states. And, one cannot plan for events containing...generally taken as setting a standard for complex, future-oriented...be uniquely human. We review what is known about great-ape...likely that the chimpanzees plan ahead when selecting the...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Ozone injury on cutleaf coneflower (Rudbeckia laciniata) and crown-beard (Verbesina occidentalis) in Great Smoky Mountains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

upon Tyne NE1 7RU, UK d Resource Management and Science Division, 1314 Cherokee Orchard Road, Great and 2001: Clingmans Dome, Cherokee Orchard Road and Purchase Knob. Cutleaf coneflower exhibited a greater adjacent to the Cherokee Orchard Road Loop. Ozone injury was greatest on the lower leaves for both species

Neufeld, Howard S.

485

These photo quiz answers are wonderful! Here we have two great birders who have come up with dif-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

These photo quiz answers are wonderful! Here we have two great birders who have come up with dif- ferent solutions to the photo quiz. And here's a con- fession of my own: I came up with yet another solu- tion for the two birds in Quiz Photo B. All three of us--Cin-Ty Lee, Michael O'Brien, and I

Lee, Cin-Ty Aeolus

486

Biochem. J. (2013) 449, 167173 (Printed in Great Britain) doi:10.1042/BJ20121271 167 Cytosolic [Ca2 +  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biochem. J. (2013) 449, 167­173 (Printed in Great Britain) doi:10.1042/BJ20121271 167 Cytosolic [Ca* *Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, U.S.A., and Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, U.S.A. InsP3-mediated puffs

Parker, Ian

487

QWould fruit and vegetable growers within a 30-mile radius of the Iowa Great Lakes benefit from cooperative marketing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cooperative marketing and distribution? AYes, they were able to achieve increases in market venues and sales. Background The Iowa Great Lakes Area possesses tremendous potential for marketing local foods, and very few 40-120 miles away. Growers in the immediate area have relied on the Lakes Area Farmers Market

Debinski, Diane M.

488

Abstract--3D IC technologies have recently attracted great attention due to the potential performance improvement, power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract--3D IC technologies have recently attracted great attention due to the potential a 3D physical design flow based on OpenAccess (named 3D-Craft) to facilitate the rapid adoption of 3D IC technologies. The OpenAccess extension for 3D-Craft is discussed, and the key components including

Cong, Jason "Jingsheng"

489

Large Energy Users Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large Energy Users Program Large Energy Users Program Large Energy Users Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Other Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate Prescriptive: Varies by equipment type Custom: $200,000 or 30% per project Total Prescriptive and Custom combined: $400,000 per calendar year Program Info Funding Source Focus On Energy Start Date 04/01/2012 Expiration Date 12/31/2013 State Wisconsin Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Prescriptive: Varies by equipment type

490

Very Large System Dynamics Models - Lessons Learned  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides lessons learned from developing several large system dynamics (SD) models. System dynamics modeling practice emphasize the need to keep models small so that they are manageable and understandable. This practice is generally reasonable and prudent; however, there are times that large SD models are necessary. This paper outlines two large SD projects that were done at two Department of Energy National Laboratories, the Idaho National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories. This paper summarizes the models and then discusses some of the valuable lessons learned during these two modeling efforts.

Jacob J. Jacobson; Leonard Malczynski

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

SQBC: An efficient subgraph matching method over large and dense graphs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent progress in biology and computer science have generated many complicated networks, most of which can be modeled as large and dense graphs. Developing effective and efficient subgraph match methods over these graphs is urgent, meaningful and necessary. ... Keywords: Algorithm, Database, Graph theory, Index strategy, Large network, Subgraph isomorphism

Weiguo Zheng; Lei Zou; Xiang Lian; Huaming Zhang; Wei Wang; Dongyan Zhao

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Molten Gallium as a Catalyst for the Large-Scale Growth of Highly Aligned Silica Nanowires  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molten Gallium as a Catalyst for the Large-Scale Growth of Highly Aligned Silica Nanowires Zheng a small size (5-100 nm in diameter), high melting point metal (such as gold and iron) catalyst particle as an effective catalyst for the large-scale growth of highly aligned, closely packed silica nanowire bunches

Wang, Zhong L.

493

Toward the Large-Eddy Simulation Over a Hypersonic Elliptical Cross-Section Cone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Toward the Large-Eddy Simulation Over a Hypersonic Elliptical Cross-Section Cone M. Pino Mart layer. Also, the computational setup for the large-eddy sim- ulation (LES) of a hypersonic elliptical cross-section cone is discussed in detail. Introduction The aerodynamic heating effects in hypersonic

Martín, Pino

494

A COMPARISON OF THE AQUATIC IMPACTS OF LARGE HYDRO AND SMALL HYDRO PROJECTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A COMPARISON OF THE AQUATIC IMPACTS OF LARGE HYDRO AND SMALL HYDRO PROJECTS by Lara A. Taylor, P Project: A Comparison of the Aquatic Impacts of Large Hydro and Small Hydro Projects Project No.: 501 of small hydro development in British Columbia has raised concerns surrounding the effects

495

Linear Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-scale Electronic Structure Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linear Scaling 3D Fragment Method for Large-scale Electronic Structure Calculations Lin-Wang Wang) allocation time in the materials science category [1]. DFT codes can be used to calculate the electronic theory (DFT) calculations for large systems. This method cancels out the artificial boundary effects

496

Large Wind Technology | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large Wind Technology Large Wind Technology Large Wind Technology The Wind Program works with industry partners to increase the performance and reliability of large wind technologies while lowering the cost of wind energy. The program's research efforts have helped to increase the average capacity factor (a measure of power plant productivity) from 22% for wind turbines installed before 1998 to 35% for turbines installed between 2004 and 2007. Wind energy costs have been reduced from over 55 cents (current dollars) per kilowatt-hour (kWh) in 1980 to under six cents/kWh today. To ensure future industry growth, the technology must continue to evolve, building on earlier successes to further improve reliability, increase capacity factors, and reduce costs. This page describes the goal of the

497

Carderock Large Cavitation Tunnel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Large Cavitation Tunnel Large Cavitation Tunnel Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Carderock Large Cavitation Tunnel Overseeing Organization United States Naval Surface Warfare Center Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Tunnel Length(m) 13.1 Beam(m) 3.0 Depth(m) 3.0 Water Type Freshwater Cost(per day) Contact POC Special Physical Features The Large Cavitation Channel was designed as a variable pressure, recirculating, cavitation tunnel with a very low acoustic background level; test section pressure: 3.5-414 kPa (0.03 to 4 atmospheres, 0.5 to 60 psia); air content: 10% to 100% saturation Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities None Channel/Tunnel/Flume Velocity(m/s) 18 Recirculating Yes Wind Capabilities

498

Nanophosphors for Large Area Radiation Detectors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Homeland Security & Defense » Homeland Security & Defense » Nanophosphors for Large Area Radiation Detectors Nanophosphors for Large Area Radiation Detectors The present invention includes a composition comprising nanophosphor particles capped with a ligand. June 25, 2013 Nanophosphors for Large Area Radiation Detectors The present invention includes a composition comprising nanophosphor particles capped with a ligand. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Nanophosphors for Large Area Radiation Detectors The present invention includes a composition comprising nanophosphor particles capped with a ligand. The nanophosphor particles have are less than or equal to 20 nanometers. The composition has at least one lanthanide and at least one halide. The weight percent of lanthanide

499

large-point | netl.doe.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Dioxide Capture from Large Point Sources Project No.: FG02-04ER83925 SBIR Commercial hollow fiber membrane cartridge. Commercial hollow fiber membrane cartridge 6"(D) X...

500

Alfvnic waves and alignment of large grains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The alignment of grains under the influence of the Alfvenic waves is discussed. It is shown that even small deviations from grain uniformity result in the alignment of large (l > 6?10?5 cm) grains. The latter res...

A. Lazarian

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z