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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Model Year 2013-2014 SmartWay Large Cars Year Model Displ Cyl  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Cars Large Cars Year Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Smog Rating City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Rating SmartWay 2013 BMW X1 sDrive28i 2 4 SemiAuto-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXJ02.0N20 large car 6 24 34 28 7 yes 2013 BMW X1 xDrive28i 2 4 SemiAuto-8 4WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXJ02.0N20 large car 6 22 33 26 7 yes 2013 FORD C-MAX Hybrid 2 4 CVT 2WD Gasoline FC B3 Federal Tier 2 Bin 3 DFMXV02.0VZL large car 7 45 40 43 10 yes 2013 FORD Taurus 2 4 SemiAuto-6 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DFMXV02.0VE6 large car 6 22 32 26 7 yes 2013 HYUNDAI Sonata 2 4 Auto-6 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHYXV02.01FE large car 6 22 34 26 7 yes 2013 HYUNDAI Sonata 2.4 4 Auto-6 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHYXV02.41GE large car 6 24 35 28 7 yes 2013 HYUNDAI Sonata

2

Electric car Gasoline car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENAC/ Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares of an electric vehicle? Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares preference survey with choice situation contexts involving gasoline cars (Renault and competitors

3

Find and Compare Cars  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

You are here: Find a Car - Home You are here: Find a Car - Home Find and Compare Cars Browse by Model Go Need help choosing a car? woman shopping for car Search by MPG, price, make, body style, and much more with our Power Search Search by Class 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 Small Cars Family Sedans Upscale Sedans Luxury Sedans Large Sedans Hatchbacks Coupes Convertibles Sports/Sporty Cars Station Wagons Pickup Trucks Sport Utility Vehicles Minivans Vans Combined MPG >= 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 Go Browse New Cars sedan Small Cars sedan Sedans coupe Coupes hatchback Hatchbacks sporty car Sporty Cars luxury car Luxury Cars station wagon Wagons minivan Minivans truck Trucks SUV SUVs hybrid Hybrid Vehicles diesel Diesel Vehicles flex-fuel vehicle

4

Small Cars In Neighborhoods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sperling, quoted in “Electric Car Goals Called Feasible,”automobile- like electric cars; a much longer and morethose eligible to own electric cars. Because the (eventually

Bosselmann, Peter C.; Cullinane, Daniel; Garrison, William L.; Maxey, Carl M.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

STREET CARS IN GLASGOW  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

STREET CARS IN GLASGOW 10.1126/science.12.300.491-a STREET CARS IN GLASGOW. | Journal Article...ocelots, orang-outangs, panthers, raccoons, rhinoceroses...delivery of the property. STREET CARS IN GLASGOW. THE street car...

1900-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

6

CAR-TO-CAR AND CAR-TO-INFRASTRUCTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are therefore embedding such mechanisms into our autonomous electric car developed at INRIA (CyCab). NEMO

Boyer, Edmond

7

Protection of Solar Electric Car DC Motor with PIC Controller  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electric car may represent new opportunities for any country and its electric utilities. Widespread use of electric cars can reduce ... can be accomplished to a large extent during utility off-peak hours, ele...

Ahmed M. A. Haidar; Ramdan Razali; Ahmed Abdalla…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Preferences for alternative fuel vehicles of company car drivers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Costs of car ownership for company cars drivers and private car owners are very different. Car use, car choice decisions and preferences for car characteristics may therefore differ substantially between these two markets. In this paper, we present results of a study on the preferences of company car drivers for alternative fuel vehicles and their characteristics, based on data from an online stated choice experiment in the Netherlands. Results show that, assuming current car characteristics, preferences for alternative fuel vehicles, and for electric and fuel cell cars in particular, are substantially lower than those for the conventional technology. Limited driving ranges, long recharge/refuelling times and limited availability of refuelling opportunities, are to a large extent responsible for this. Preferences for alternative fuel vehicles increase considerably with improvements on these aspects, especially for the hybrid and flexifuel car. Under the current company car tax system in the Netherlands, which favours cleaner technologies, these two car types are even preferred to the conventional technology, assuming equal catalogue prices and personal monthly cost contributions. Comparing results with those from a similar choice experiment among private car owners shows that willingness to pay patterns for AFV improvements regarding driving range, recharge and refuelling times, fuel availability and diversity in AFV supply, are considerably different for company car drivers than for private car owners. Company and private car drivers may therefore react (very) differently to future improvements in AFV technology and fuel availability. We finally show that preferences of company car drivers for fuel cell and electric cars depend to a large extent on annual mileage. Market share simulations show that potential early adopters of electric and fuel cell cars can be found among people with a relatively low annual mileage.

Mark J. Koetse; Anco Hoen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Hybrid Cars Now, Fuel Cell Cars Later  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Cars Now, Fuel Cell Cars...manufacturer of diesel engines) and an advisor...Power, a fuel cell manufacturer...2). This consumption resulted in...vehicles and fuel cell (FC...combustion engine (ICE) drive...gasoline, or diesel). For each...

Nurettin Demirdöven; John Deutch

2004-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

10

Towards the Use of Electric Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Holtsmark [8] questions if the electrical car policies give the intended results. He claims ... but naive notion that sufficiently large subsidies for alternative energy, whether it is wind energy, biofuels or el...

Otto Andersen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Hybrid Cars Now, Fuel Cell Cars Later  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...currently under consideration by Congress, would extend the time period for the hybrid car tax credit. 19 Quote taken from www.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/. 20 T. Markel et al., J. Power Sources 110 , 225 ( 2002 ). 21 M. R. Cuddy , K. G...

Nurettin Demirdöven; John Deutch

2004-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

12

Hydrogen Cars and Water Vapor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This cycle is currently under way with hydrogen fuel cells. As fuel cell cars are suggested as a solutionHydrogen Cars and Water Vapor D.W.KEITHANDA.E.FARRELL'S POLICY FORUM "Rethinking hydrogen cars" (18 misidentified as "zero-emissions vehicles." Fuel cell vehicles emit water vapor. A global fleet could have

Colorado at Boulder, University of

13

EcoCAR Challenge 2011  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition With an Extended-Range Electric Vehicle, The Ohio State University and the University of Waterloo Finish Second and Third Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition With an Extended-Range Electric Vehicle, The Ohio State University and the University of Waterloo Finish Second and Third EcoCAR logo VirginiaTech EcoCAR winner EcoCAR Winner Virginia Tech. View larger image. Students from Virginia Tech University learned last night that their teamwork, perseverance and hard work have led to top honors when they were named the overall winners of EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge after designing and building an exceptional extended-range electric vehicle (EREV) using E85 (ethanol). Throughout the three-year competition, the Virginia Tech team hit incremental goals that helped the vehicle achieve fuel efficiency of 81.9 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent, or 70 percent over the stock vehicle,

14

Electric car may not compete  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electric car may not compete ... The electric car could find a niche in urban utility driving, but it may never be fully competitive with the internal combustion auto, according to Richard S. Morse, lecturer at the Sloan School of Management at Massachu. ...

1967-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

15

Environmentail Iplications of Electric Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Battery lead per life-cycle kilometer (g/km) 27 4 Lead releases per life-cycle kilometer Virgin production...the battery. The Life Cycle of Lead: Environmental...lead retained in the engine and exhaust of the car...current cars. The more fundamental problem is that these...

Lester B. Lave; Chris T. Hendrickson; Francis Clay McMichael

1995-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

16

Southern California: The Detroit of Electric Cars?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University o f An early alternative to an electric car.CALIFORNIA: THE DETROIT O F ELECTRIC CARS? BY A L L E N J .center for producing electric cars? It's a mistake to assume

Scott, Allen J.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Issue 5: High Interest in Hybrid Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Survey of Oregon Hybrid Gas-Electric Car Owners. July. U.S.of a qualifying gas-electric car, but because this is a

Ong, Paul M.; Haselhoff, Kim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Car Charging Group Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Car Charging Group, Inc. Place: Miami Beach, Florida Product: Miami Beach, USA based installer of plug-in vehicle charge equipment. References: Car Charging Group, Inc.1 This...

19

PPAR?-dependent induction of the energy homeostasis-regulating nuclear receptor \\{NR1i3\\} (CAR) in rat hepatocytes: Potential role in starvation adaptation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A tight hormonal control of energy homeostasis is of pivotal relevance for animals. Recent evidence suggests an involvement of the nuclear receptor \\{NR1i3\\} (CAR). Fasting induces CAR by largely unknown mechanisms and CAR-deficient mice are defective in fasting adaptation. In rat hepatocytes CAR was induced by WY14643, a PPAR?-agonist. A DR1 motif in the CAR promoter was necessary and sufficient for this control. The PPAR?-dependent increase in CAR potentiated the phenobarbital-induced transcription of the prototypical CAR-dependent gene CYP2B1. Since free fatty acids are natural ligands for PPAR?, a fasting-induced increase in free fatty acids might induce CAR. In accordance with this hypothesis, CAR induction by fasting was abrogated in PPAR?-deficient mice.

Nadine Wieneke; Karen I. Hirsch-Ernst; Manuela Kuna; Sander Kersten; Gerhard P. Püschel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

How the car became king  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... they avenues for movement? And what kind of movement was to be allowed there —pedestrian passage or vehicular transport in the form of trams or cars? Norton considers the ... the time: efficiency. Congestion in the streets grew because of the chaotic interference of pedestrians with traffic. Free access to the streets, without rules, slowed transportation between business ...

Marcial Echenique

2008-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Chapter 30 - Final Case Study: Materials and Energy in Car Design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary The status of steel as the raw material of choice for the manufacture of car bodies rests principally on its price. It has always been the cheapest material that meets the necessary strength, stiffness, formability, and weldability requirements of large-scale car body production. Until recently, the fact that steel has a density two-thirds that of lead accorded little significance. But increasing sustainability awareness and legislative requirements concerning carbon emissions are now changing that view. Car makers are looking hard at alternative materials. Energy is used to build a car and energy is used to run it. High oil prices mean that the cost of the gas consumed during the life of a car is comparable with the cost of the car itself. Consumers now want more fuel-efficient cars, and more fuel-efficient cars have lower carbon emissions. This chapter addresses these concerns. The chapter discusses various ways of achieving energy economy. The chapter also focuses on alternative materials that can be used, which is divided into primary mechanical properties and secondary properties. Although resistance to deflection and plastic yielding are obviously of first importance in choosing alternative materials, other properties too enter into the selection. The chapter concludes with a discussion of various production methods of cars.

Michael F. Ashby; David R.H. Jones

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Skidding of Cars and Quadratic Formulae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......proportional to its kinetic energy. Alternatively, this...this in turn stops the car. However, we are interested...about double that for cars. It may be advisable...creating a suitable gap. An alternative would be to slow down...saw how the speed of a car should be used to determine......

R. SMITH; D. THATCHER

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Case Study Summaries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Case Study Summaries Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Case Study Summaries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Case Study Summaries Agency/Company /Organization: United Kingdom Department for Transport Focus Area: Other Topics: Best Practices Website: webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/sustain These case studies result from a study that examined best practices in car sharing and car clubs and appraised the successes and failures to date. The results of this study are incorporated into "Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide." How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Avoid - Cut the need for travel Shift - Change to low-carbon modes

24

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Final Report | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Final Report Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Final Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Final Report Agency/Company /Organization: United Kingdom Department for Transport Focus Area: Other Topics: Best Practices Website: webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/sustain This report seeks to examine best practices in car sharing and car clubs, explore in detail the levels of uptake, and critically appraise the successes and failures to date. The outcome of the study is supported by case study summaries, and a best practice guidance note for existing and future developers of car sharing and car club schemes. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies:

25

US motor giants fail to quell enthusiasm for electric cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... regulation that will require all car companies operating in the state to develop and sell electric cars by 1998.

Colin Macilwain

1994-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

26

Logistics implications of electric car manufacturing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The increasingly important role of electric cars manufacturing needs to develop new logistics concepts in automotive industry. This article analyses critical issues in logistics operations of electric cars based on the in-house perspective of the car manufacturer. The purpose of this paper is two-fold. Firstly, to verify existing research about the impact of electric car manufacturing on logistics operations. Secondly, to investigate concrete logistics implications based on different electric car operations models. Therefore, we use manufacturing phenotypes, which can be applied to separate and classify configuration and coordination principles and helps to reach a better understanding of relationships with their logistics implications. The presented model is based on real case study data of global auto industry and supports the academic study of cross-site comparisons. A holistic and consistent understanding of different operations types in electric car manufacturing will be necessary, which will help in evaluating the actual and future supply chain forms in the car industry.

Florian Klug

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Societal lifecycle costs of cars with alternative fuels/engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effectively addressing concerns about air pollution (especially health impacts of small-particle air pollution), climate change, and oil supply insecurity will probably require radical changes in automotive engine/fuel technologies in directions that offer both the potential for achieving near-zero emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases and a diversification of the transport fuel system away from its present exclusive dependence on petroleum. The basis for comparing alternative automotive engine/fuel options in evolving toward these goals in the present analysis is the “societal lifecycle cost” of transportation, including the vehicle first cost (assuming large-scale mass production), fuel costs (assuming a fully developed fuel infrastructure), externality costs for oil supply security, and damage costs for emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases calculated over the full fuel cycle. Several engine/fuel options are considered—including current gasoline internal combustion engines and a variety of advanced lightweight vehicles: internal combustion engine vehicles fueled with gasoline or hydrogen; internal combustion engine/hybrid electric vehicles fueled with gasoline, compressed natural gas, Diesel, Fischer–Tropsch liquids or hydrogen; and fuel cell vehicles fueled with gasoline, methanol or hydrogen (from natural gas, coal or wind power). To account for large uncertainties inherent in the analysis (for example in environmental damage costs, in oil supply security costs and in projected mass-produced costs of future vehicles), lifecycle costs are estimated for a range of possible future conditions. Under base-case conditions, several advanced options have roughly comparable lifecycle costs that are lower than for today's conventional gasoline internal combustion engine cars, when environmental and oil supply insecurity externalities are counted—including advanced gasoline internal combustion engine cars, internal combustion engine/hybrid electric cars fueled with gasoline, Diesel, Fischer–Tropsch liquids or compressed natural gas, and hydrogen fuel cell cars. The hydrogen fuel cell car stands out as having the lowest externality costs of any option and, when mass produced and with high valuations of externalities, the least projected lifecycle cost. Particular attention is given to strategies that would enhance the prospects that the hydrogen fuel cell car would eventually become the Car of the Future, while pursuing innovations relating to options based on internal combustion engines that would both assist a transition to hydrogen fuel cell cars and provide significant reductions of externality costs in the near term.

Joan M Ogden; Robert H Williams; Eric D Larson

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Positive and negative spillover effects from electric car purchase to car use  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study reports the results of two online surveys conducted on buyers of conventional combustion engine cars compared to those of electric vehicles in Norway. The results show that electric cars are generally purchased as additional cars, do not contribute to a decrease in annual mileage if the old car is not substituted, and that electric car buyers use the car more often for their everyday mobility. Psychological determinants derived from the theory of planned behavior and the norm-activation theory show a high correlation between the purchase and use stages. Electric car buyers, have lower scores on many determinants of car use, especially awareness of consequences and close determinants of car use.

Christian Andreas Klöckner; Alim Nayum; Mehmet Mehmetoglu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Emissions Control Failures in Passenger Cars  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 Emissions Control Failures in Passenger Cars Two measures of car model malfunction probability, fraction of cars over 1% CO (y-axis) and average CO concentration of all cars (x-axis), demonstrate that five 1987-89 car models (14 year-model combinations) have a malfunction probability several times that of all other models. When an automobile's emissions control system fails, it may be because that model is more prone to failure than others, according to a study conducted by the Center's Energy Analysis Program and Marc Ross of the University of Michigan. This finding goes against the conventional wisdom that improper maintenance or deliberate disabling of the emissions systems by car owners is the cause of "high-emitting" vehicles. The results may provide clean-air

30

2014 Best and Worst MPG Cars  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cars Cars 2014 Most Efficient Cars by EPA Size Class (including Electric Drive Vehicles) 2014 Most Efficient Cars by EPA Size Class (excluding Electric Drive Vehicles) 2014 Least Efficient Cars by EPA Size Class 2014 Most Fuel Efficient Cars (including electric vehicles) EPA Class Vehicle Description Fuel Economy Combined Two-Seaters smart fortwo electric drive Convertible A-1, 55kw DCPM, Electric Vehicle 107* smart fortwo electric drive coupe smart fortwo electric drive coupe A-1, 55kw DCPM, Electric Vehicle 107* Minicompacts Fiat 500e Fiat 500e A-1, 82 kW AC Induction, Electric Vehicle 116* Subcompacts Chevrolet Spark EV Chevrolet Spark EV A-1, 104 kW ACPM, Electric Vehicle< 119* Compacts Ford Focus Electric Ford Focus Electric Automatic (CVT), 107 kW AC Induction, Electric Vehicle

31

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide Agency/Company /Organization: United Kingdom Department for Transport Focus Area: Other Topics: Best Practices Website: webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/sustain This guide is aimed at a wide variety of groups to provide help on the delivery of car sharing and car club schemes for specific organizations and communities. The guidance is supported by a detailed study report and full case study reports. This guide seeks to enhance existing guidance given in other best practice notes, particularly those related to travel plans. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies:

32

Faculty & Information Centres Building Car Park Key Facilities Building Car Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10 ORANGE A PURPLE Navitas 2 ORANGE A ORANGE North Australian Centre for Oil and Gas 7 PINK B PURPLE7 WATER TANK 5 4 18 S Faculty & Information Centres Building Car Park Key Facilities Building Car

33

Energy use, cost and CO2 emissions of electric cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine efficiency, costs and greenhouse gas emissions of current and future electric cars (EV), including the impact from charging EV on electricity demand and infrastructure for generation and distribution. Uncoordinated charging would increase national peak load by 7% at 30% penetration rate of EV and household peak load by 54%, which may exceed the capacity of existing electricity distribution infrastructure. At 30% penetration of EV, off-peak charging would result in a 20% higher, more stable base load and no additional peak load at the national level and up to 7% higher peak load at the household level. Therefore, if off-peak charging is successfully introduced, electric driving need not require additional generation capacity, even in case of 100% switch to electric vehicles. GHG emissions from electric driving depend most on the fuel type (coal or natural gas) used in the generation of electricity for charging, and range between 0 g km?1 (using renewables) and 155 g km?1 (using electricity from an old coal-based plant). Based on the generation capacity projected for the Netherlands in 2015, electricity for EV charging would largely be generated using natural gas, emitting 35–77 g CO2 eq km?1. We find that total cost of ownership (TCO) of current EV are uncompetitive with regular cars and series hybrid cars by more than 800 € year?1. TCO of future wheel motor PHEV may become competitive when batteries cost 400 € kWh?1, even without tax incentives, as long as one battery pack can last for the lifespan of the vehicle. However, TCO of future battery powered cars is at least 25% higher than of series hybrid or regular cars. This cost gap remains unless cost of batteries drops to 150 € kWh?1 in the future. Variations in driving cost from charging patterns have negligible influence on TCO. GHG abatement costs using plug-in hybrid cars are currently 400–1400 € tonne?1 CO2 eq and may come down to ?100 to 300 € tonne?1. Abatement cost using battery powered cars are currently above 1900 € tonne?1 and are not projected to drop below 300–800 € tonne?1.

Oscar van Vliet; Anne Sjoerd Brouwer; Takeshi Kuramochi; Machteld van den Broek; André Faaij

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Advanced Clean Cars Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced Clean Cars Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation ZEV #12;Advanced Clean Cars ZEV Program 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 Current Regulation -ZEVs Current Regulation -PHEVs Projected: PHEVs 15Net ­ Blueprint Plan ­ Regional clusters, environmental and economic analysis · Clean Fuels Outlet

California at Davis, University of

35

European Green Cars Initiative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

European Green Cars Initiative European Green Cars Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: European Green Cars Initiative Agency/Company /Organization: European Commission Focus Area: Governance - Planning - Decision-Making Structure Topics: Best Practices Website: www.green-cars-initiative.eu/public/ The European Green Cars Initiative is one of three Public Private Partnerships (PPP) of the European Economic Recovery Plan. The objective of the initiative is to support research and development for technologies and infrastructure needed to achieve breakthroughs in the use of renewable and non-polluting energy sources, safety, and traffic fluidity. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Shift - Change to low-carbon modes Improve - Enhance infrastructure & policies

36

R&D Partnership for the Next Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

supercede batter y-electric cars and i n t rusive governmentproduction hybrid-electric car, followed in 2000 automakersthan today’s f rom electric cars, especially small city

Sperling, Daniel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cars (Text Cars (Text Alternative Version) to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Cars (Text Alternative Version) on AddThis.com... Publications Program Publications Technical Publications Educational Publications Newsletter Program Presentations Multimedia Conferences & Meetings

38

Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth Ahead? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies -...

39

The FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Health Impacts Program...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Health Impacts Program - The Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions (CLOSE) Project The FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Health Impacts...

40

Green Racing - Where Clean Cars Finish First  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Technology Technology R&D Center INVENTING THE FUTURE. efficient. clean. safe. Green Racing Where Clean Cars Finish First In green racing, speed is a factor, but the overall winner is determined by a formula that also takes the car's environmental footprint into consideration. Race organizers calculated a principal component of each car's score by using Argonne's Greenhouse gas, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model. Research funding provided by the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. Did you know... Opportunity The racetrack is a proving ground that often leads to innovations in consumer vehicles. Green

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Hydrogen fuel cells for cars and buses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of hydrogen fuel cells for cars is strongly promoted by the governments of ... . The electrochemical behaviour of the most promising fuel cell (polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell, PEMFC) is critically...

L. J. J. Janssen

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

A FUEL CELL IN EVERY CAR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A FUEL CELL IN EVERY CAR ... FUEL CELLS ARE MOVING PAST THE developmental stage and into realworld trials. ... The effort to construct the first working prototypes is giving way to improving designs and developing a hydrogen-fuel infrastructure. ...

ALEXANDER H. TULLO

2001-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

43

Development of the TV Receiver for Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Market trends toward personal television sets can be seen with the increasing ownership of television sets and variety of personal likings. There is also a demand for car television receivers. Reception of television on a moving vehicle requires a receiving ...

1. Yashima; M. Ikenishi; T. Ikeda; A. Yamamoto

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C..

Gantt, Lynn

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

45

Measuring the Emissions of Passing Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measuring the Emissions of Passing Cars ... Pollutants found in car exhaust are formed in a number of different ways, depending on the pollutant. ... Of the 307 vehicles with complete data sets,19 126 (41%) showed deliberate tampering, another 77 had defective or missing equipment which may not have been deliberate (such as missing air pump belts), and 261 (85%) of the vehicles failed the tailpipe test. ...

G. A. Bishop; D. H. Stedman

1996-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

46

Modelling Electrical Car Diffusion Based on Agent Tao Zhang, 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling Electrical Car Diffusion Based on Agent 1 Lei Yu, ,2 Tao Zhang, 3 Siebers Peer-Ola, 4 to include things like car parking charges, price of electrical car, energy awareness and word of mouth parking rates and other incentives on the uptake of electrical cars. The goal of this case study

Aickelin, Uwe

47

IntelliCarTS: Intelligent Cars Transportation System Ashwin Gumaste, Rahul Singhai and Anirudh Sahoo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, cooperation and cost efficiency. These characteristics enable avoidance of collision between vehicles Sahoo Department of Computer Science and Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, PowaiCarTS (Intelligent Car Transport System), a Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) anti-collision mechanism that determines

Sahoo, Anirudha

48

A comprehensive socio-psychological approach to car type choice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Data from a web survey, which was conducted in 2012 among 1421 owners of a new internal combustion engine car and 372 new battery electric car owners in Norway, were used to test an adapted version of the comprehensive action determination model to explain private consumers’ purchase of fuel-efficient cars. It was first examined whether the average fuel efficiency differs among internal combustion engine car classes. Consequently, with battery electric cars being regarded as the most fuel-efficient group, five car groups ordered by fuel efficiency were retained. The results of subsequent structural equation modelling show that intention to buy a fuel-efficient car, brand loyalty, number of cars and driver’s license holders in the household, household size, and household income had significant direct effects on choosing a more fuel-efficient car. Normative processes had a mediated impact on behaviour. Implications for design and implementation of interventions are discussed.

Alim Nayum; Christian A. Klöckner

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

ChemMatCARS Data Archive  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

ChemMatCARS is a high-brilliance national synchrotron x-ray facility dedicated primarily to static and dynamic condensed matter chemistry and materials science. The scientific focus of the facility includes the study of surface and interfacial properties of liquids and solids as well as their bulk structure at atomic, molecular and mesoscopic length scales with high spatial and energy resolution. Experimental techniques supported by the facility include: 1) Liquid Surface X-ray Scattering; 2) Solid Surface X-ray Scattering; 3) Time-Resolved Crystallography; 4) Micro-Crystal Diffraction; 5) Small and Wide-angle X-ray Scattering. The data archive referenced here contains data for various components along the beamline within the First Optics Enclosure and is intended to be input or parameter data. See the Science Nuggets at http://cars9.uchicago.edu/chemmat/pages/nuggets.html for leads to some of the research conducted at the ChemMatCARS beamline.

50

The taxation of diesel cars in Belgium – revisited  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper compares the current taxation of diesel and gasoline cars in Belgium with the guidelines for optimal taxation. We find that diesel cars are still taxed much less than gasoline cars, resulting in a dominant market share for diesel cars in the car stock. If the fuel tax is the main instrument to control for externalities and generate revenues, the diesel excise should be much higher than the excise on gasoline for two reasons: diesel is more polluting than gasoline and more importantly, through the better fuel efficiency, diesel cars contribute less fiscal revenues per mile.

Inge Mayeres; Stef Proost

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Applied ecotechnological issues for recycling cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper shows the need for recycling cars. Recycling operation is particularly complicated because after dismantling and split a wide range of material resulting in a proportion different and difficult to separate. There are presented two recycling ... Keywords: end-of-life-vehicle recycling, hammer mill technology, shrreder technology

Gheorghe Amza; Zoia Apostolescu; Mihaiela Iliescu; Zlatko Garac; Sanda Paise; Maria Groza

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

When Cars Start Gossiping Paolo Costa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, computers embedded in cars can rely on the vehicle's power supply and may have plenty of memory storage - Universität Stuttgart Germany Boris.Koldehofe@ipvs.uni- stuttgart.de Hugo Miranda University of Lisbon. Both academia and industry have shown an increasing in- terest in building vehicular networking systems

Musolesi, Mirco

53

Chemistry and the Motor Car Industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemistry and the Motor Car Industry ... It so happens that this chemical reaction, the production of water and carbon dioxide (which in proper combination gives you seltzer water), is accompanied by the generation of heat which is used to produce power, and after all, power is what primarily concerns the automotive industry. ...

CHARLES F. KETTERING

1943-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

54

North Lauderdale Gets 'Smart' on Cars | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

North Lauderdale Gets 'Smart' on Cars North Lauderdale Gets 'Smart' on Cars North Lauderdale Gets 'Smart' on Cars September 10, 2010 - 1:47pm Addthis Kevin Craft What are the key facts? Two Smart Cars to save Florida city $4,800 annually Smart Cars to be used as part of night patrols of city parks City estimates will save more than $33,000 annually through Recovery Act projects The Parks and Recreation Department of North Lauderdale, Fla., is saving money and reducing its carbon footprint, thanks to the recent addition of two energy efficient "Smart Cars" to the city's fleet. The pint-sized cars, which can travel up to 40 miles on a single gallon of fuel, were purchased with funds from the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program. The cars, which were purchased in Broward County, are used to perform night

55

Magna E-Car Opening | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Magna E-Car Opening Magna E-Car Opening Magna E-Car Opening April 27, 2012 - 4:40pm Addthis Vehicle Technologies Program Manager Patrick B. Davis gets ready to cut the ribbon at Magna E-Car's new electric drive component plant in Michigan. From left: Mike Finney - CEO, Michigan Economic Development Corporation; Gary Meyers - VP/General Manager, Magna E-Car USA, LP; Pat Davis; Kevin Pavlov - Chief Operating Officer, Magna E-Car Systems; Marilyn Hoffman, Township Supervisor, Grand Blanc Township, Michigan; Joseph Graves, State Representative 51st District, Michigan House of Representatives; Tim Herman, CEO, The Genesee County Chamber of Commerce. | Photo courtesy of Magna E-Car. Vehicle Technologies Program Manager Patrick B. Davis gets ready to cut the ribbon at Magna E-Car's new electric drive component plant in Michigan.

56

European Experience and Case study of SCR Passenger Car Integration...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Experience and Case study of SCR Passenger Car Integration European Experience and Case study of SCR Passenger Car Integration Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006,...

57

Transportation & Work: Exploring Car Usage and Employment Outcomes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transportation & Work: Exploring Car Usage and Employment Outcomes in the LSAL Data Field Area networks. This analysis addresses the role of car usage in employment outcomes such as employment status

Bertini, Robert L.

58

Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: ATP-LD; Cummins Next Generation Tier 2 Bin 2 Diesel Engine...

59

New Mexico Electric Car Challenge: November 22 The New Mexico...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to view details. To close the opened accordion, click on the title(s) once again. New Mexico Electric Car Challenge: November 22 The New Mexico Electric Car Challenge (formerly...

60

Technological Potential for CO2 Emission Reductions of Passenger Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Figure 17.1 shows the estimated development of energy demand from car fuel consumption between 2010 and 2050. Car fuel consumption is projected to increase until ... until 2050 in EU27. The share of alternative f...

Michael Krail; Wolfgang Schade

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Are Consumers Myopic? Evidence from New and Used Car Purchases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate whether car buyers are myopic about future fuel costs. We estimate the effect of gasoline prices on short-run equilibrium prices of cars of different fuel economies. We then compare the implied changes in ...

Busse, Meghan R

62

Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy The new material has the highest oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity in...

63

Explanations of FreedomCAR/DOE Hydrogen Storage Technical Targets  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Summary of FreedomCAR Targets and Basis for Targets prepared for the Grand Challenge Hydrogen Storage Solicitation.

64

CarSpeak: a content-centric network for autonomous driving  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper introduces CarSpeak, a communication system for autonomous driving. CarSpeak enables a car to query and access sensory information captured by other cars in a manner similar to how it accesses information from ...

Suresh Kumar, Swarun

65

CarSpeak : a content-centric network for autonomous driving  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce CarSpeak, a communication system for autonomous driving. CarSpeak enables a car to query and access sensory information captured by other cars in a manner similar to how it accesses information from its local ...

Suresh Kumar, Swarun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Wheego Electric Cars | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wheego Electric Cars Wheego Electric Cars Jump to: navigation, search Name Wheego Electric Cars Place Atlanta, Georgia Zip 30318 Sector Vehicles Product Atlanta-based Wheego has designed compact full-speed electric vehicles and low-speed EVs and said it plans to complete testing by summer 2010. The company has signed a battery supply deal with Flux Power. Coordinates 33.748315°, -84.391109° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.748315,"lon":-84.391109,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

67

Cars af Tomorrow and the American Community  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cars of Tomorrow and the American Community High School Curriculum Created by Northeast Sustainable Energy Association (NESEA) Click on the links below to take you to the Chapter heading: Cover Page and Orientation Availability and Distribution of Alternative Fuels Health, Pollution, and Safety Operation, Maintenance, and Refueling Fuel Fact Sheets H I G H S C H O O L C U R R I C U L U M O N A L T E R N A T I V E F U E L S 50 Miles Street, Suite 3, Greenfield, MA 01301 www.nesea.org June, 2002 CARS OF TOMORROW AND THE AMERICAN COMMUNITY L E A D I N G T H E W A Y T O S U S T A I N A B L E E N E R G Y H I G H S C H O O L C U R R I C U L U M O N A L T E R N A T I V E F U E L S CARS OF TOMORROW AND THE AMERICAN COMMUNITY 50 Miles Street, Suite 3, Greenfield, MA 01301 www.nesea.org June, 2002 L E A D I N G T H E W A Y T O S U S T A I N A B L E E N E R G Y © Copyright 2001 Northeast Sustainable Energy Association

68

EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. In the final year, the vehicles ran through a series of safety and technical tests at GM's Proving Ground in Milford, Michigan very similar to those GM's own production vehicles undergo. As EcoCAR wraps up, it is only the beginning for the next chapter in the DOE's 23-year history of advanced vehicle technology competitions. In April, Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs David Sandalow announced the launch of EcoCAR 2: Plugging into the Future http://www.ecocar2.org/index.html . We look forward to seeing the new and innovative designs that students bring to this challenge and know they will find a way to exceed even our highest expectations.

None

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

69

Studying the Performances of Induction Motor Used in Electric Car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This research includes study of the performances of induction motor used in the electric car, as well as performances of an electronic inverter based on Field Oriented control used to drive this induction motor. The running equations of IM and Controller in dynamic state with reference frame d – q were considered. These equations were modelled into computer form based using Matlab Simpower facilities obtaining a complete model. 3-Phase IM is considered and its parameters were used for simulation, in order to be mounted in certain car that is manufactured in Syria, and transform it to electric car. Also, it includes a study of electronic inverter appropriate to drive such motor and control its speed. It operates based on vector control technology. The study of the motor performances was conducted within presumptions of changing car load from one passenger (the driver) to five passengers and having different resistant torques. The tests of induction motor used in the electric car simulate running of the car having one passenger when car is stopped; simulate running of electric car starting IM from 0 speed and accelerating till a steady speed is reached, keeping this steady speed for a period of time, then reduce speed till car is stopped and finely Simulate running of electric car on rural roads having some holes and small slopes which cause several small acceleration and sudden breaks. Some conclusions and remarks about performances and behaviour of IM were concluded.

Zeina Bitar; Samih Al Jabi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014- Dataset  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Excel file with dataset for Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014

71

Bussysteme IIII CarRing II ereits heute sind 90 Prozent al-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Entwicklungen haben heutzutage viele namhafte Automobil- hersteller massive Qualitäts- und Leis- tungs Rahmen dieses Projekts mit der Entwicklung eines neuen Netzwerks für das Automobil beauftragt: ,,Car für Automobile, das eine sichere Verbindung zwischen allen Komponenten von ,,Steer by Wire" be

Zachmann, Gabriel

72

DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Analysis Workshop  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Attendees list for the DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage Analysis Workshop on January 26, 2006.

73

DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Analysis Workshop  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Action items and discussion comments from the DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Analysis Workshop on January 25, 2006.

74

Help promised for troubled maker of electric car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Elon Musk, chief executive of electric-car company Tesla Motors, has denied rumours that the company is about to go bust. ...

2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

75

Panhandle Junior High takes second at National Science Bowl Car...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Panhandle Junior High takes second at National Science Bowl Car Race | National Nuclear Security Administration People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation...

76

Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51%...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

average is the production-weighted harmonic mean. 2014 data are preliminary. Fact 849 Dataset Supporting Information Average Fuel Economy of New Midsize Cars - Hybrid vs....

77

Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation (Text Version) |...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

video Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation highlighting the demonstration of 3D printing to create a working electric vehicle, live during the International Manufacturing...

78

Enterprise Rent-a-Car | Staff Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enterprise Rent-a-Car Enterprise Rent-a-Car Please note: Partial day rates only apply to rentals that are being returned to BNL. They do not apply to one way rentals. There is also a $25 fee for one way rentals going to JFK/LaGuardia/Newark airports. FX0019 Official Brookhaven Business Rates include unlimited free mileage 24 Hour Daily Weekly Monthly Economy $47.00 $282.00 $1040.00 Compact $49.00 $294.00 $1078.00 Midsize $51.00 $306.00 $1126.00 Full-size $52.00 $312.00 $1144.00 Mini Vans $81.00 $486.00 $1760.00 4 x 4 $81.00 $486.00 $1760.00 Partial Day Rates Hours are 11 a.m. - 4 p.m. or 4 p.m. - 9 p.m. Compact - $35.00 Midsize - $40.00 Full-size - $45.00 FX0020 - Leisure Rates Unlimited free miles are restricted to the following destinations: New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, District of Columbia.

79

Geometric Model of a Narrow Tilting CAR using Robotics formalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- structured multibody system composed of n bodies (links) where the chassis is the mobile base and the wheels tilting car "Lumeneo Smera" [4] through the analysis of its tilting mechanism. To model a complex system. Robotic representation of a multibody system The car can be seen as a mobile robot which is a tree

Boyer, Edmond

80

Control system for the prototype of hydrogen powered car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The contribution describes design and construction of hydrogen powered car based on fuel cell technology and electrical DC-drive. The main focus is given to control system and human machine interface of the car. The practical solution of control system ... Keywords: control system design, fuel cells, human machine interface, hydrogen, programmable controllers

Jiri Koziorek; Zdenek Slanina

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Automotive Stirling engine development for a small passenger car  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Aisin Seiki Co., Ltd. has challenged for the development of a Stirling engine that is usable for small cars which are predominant type produced in Japan. Recently, the authors finally managed to obtain the performance from a prototype engine with which they are substantially satisfied, including the result from running tests on an actual car.

Kondoh, T.; Katoh, K.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Cooper Union wins Chem-E-Car competition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Cooper Union wins Chem-E-Car competition ... At this year’s event, the shoebox-sized vehicles had to transport 350 mL of water exactly 67 feet. ... The challenge was to calculate how much fuel would be needed to power the cars so that the chemical reaction would end and the vehicles would stop on the finish line. ...

RACHEL PETKEWICH

2007-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

83

EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line June 21, 2011 - 2:09pm Addthis The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Last Thursday, the Library of Congress's vaunted halls were filled with undergraduate and graduate students on the edge of their seats, waiting to hear the first place winner of the EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge competition. As Patrick Davis, Vehicle Technologies Program Manager for the Department

84

NREL: News Feature - Middle Schoolers Shine in Electric Car Races  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Middle Schoolers Shine in Electric Car Races Middle Schoolers Shine in Electric Car Races May 24, 2013 In this photo, a boy grins widely as he holds a yellow folder over his model solar car. In the background are several black neoprene tracks and other middle-school students awaiting the starting signal. An adult race judge holds her hand in the air, signaling that everything is ready for the start of the race. Enlarge image Xavier Urquijo from Summit Ridge Middle School in Littleton waits for the start signal to lift the folder covering the solar panel on his team's car, "Knight Hawk." His team was one of 97 from 28 Colorado middle schools racing solar and lithium-ion powered vehicles they designed and built themselves at NREL's 2013 Junior Solar Sprint and Lithium-Ion Battery car competitions on May 18.

85

EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate October 26, 2010 - 5:21pm Addthis EcoCar Drives Students to Innovate Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Last year, Americans used about 138 billion gallons of gasoline - mostly imported - for transportation, costing Americans about $300 billion. The Department of Energy, through the Recovery Act, is investing in more fuel-efficient battery and electric vehicles to reduce these costs and training a strong, talented workforce to develop these cleaner, more sustainable technologies. Recognizing the importance of engaging students in this endeavor, the Department of Energy and General Motors (GM) established the EcoCar Challenge - a three-year Advanced Vehicle

86

Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? August 16, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis This image shows how a thermoelectric generator would be placed in a passenger car. | Photo courtesy of BMW This image shows how a thermoelectric generator would be placed in a passenger car. | Photo courtesy of BMW Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers What are the key facts? A Thermoelectric Generator (TEG) recaptures lost vehicle heat for better efficiency. This project is funded in part with $7.15 million federal Vehicle Technologies Program grant. This is targeted for the U.S. market in 2018 models. More than half of the gas we buy -- and the money we spend on it -- is wasted. Even the most efficient drivers are at the mercy of their vehicles'

87

Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? Could TEG Improve Your Car's Efficiency? August 16, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis This image shows how a thermoelectric generator would be placed in a passenger car. | Photo courtesy of BMW This image shows how a thermoelectric generator would be placed in a passenger car. | Photo courtesy of BMW Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers What are the key facts? A Thermoelectric Generator (TEG) recaptures lost vehicle heat for better efficiency. This project is funded in part with $7.15 million federal Vehicle Technologies Program grant. This is targeted for the U.S. market in 2018 models. More than half of the gas we buy -- and the money we spend on it -- is wasted. Even the most efficient drivers are at the mercy of their vehicles'

88

A review of the NRL CARS microscope  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a technique that permits molecular specificity in microscopy while retaining good spatial resolution. Specificity is achieved using Raman scattering from characteristic molecular vibrations and high resolution is obtained by imaging the distribution of visible anti?Stokes radiation. Images have been obtained from a variety of pure organic liquids from deuterated water in onion?skin cells deuterated liposomes and other samples. Thermal and dielectric breakdown damage to even fragile biological materials is made negligible by choice of duty cycle and average power. Sample fluorescence is avoided by the choice of anti?Stokes imaging. Imaging through (usually astigmatic) spectrometers is not needed. Deuterium substitution can be used as a general purpose and artifact?free ‘‘stain’’. The combination of high spatial resolution excellent molecular discrimination and digital image processing (background subtraction) provide the CARS microscope with capabilities not found in any other current microscopic imaging technique.

M. D. Duncan; J. Reintjes; T. J. Manuccia

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

FreedomCAR Capacitor Test Manual  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ID-11173 ID-11173 Revision 0 September 21, 2004 FreedomCAR Ultracapacitor Test Manual Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. References herein to any specific commercial product, process or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views

90

Fact #752: November 5, 2012 Western Europe Plug-in Car Sales...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

chart). France accounted for 22.3% of Western European plug-in car sales, followed by Germany at 17.3%. Plug-in Car Market Share, 2012* (Plug-in Sales as a Share of Total Car...

91

Solving the Car-Sequencing Problem as a Non-binary CSP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The car-sequencing problem arises from the manufacture of cars on an assembly line. A number of cars are to be made on a production line; they are not identical because different options are available as variants...

Mihaela Butaru; Zineb Habbas

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

CAR SHARING AND MOBILITY MANAGEMENT: FACING NEW CHALLENGES WITH TECHNOLOGY AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and transit linkages. Car sharing offers an alternative to satisfying the demand for individual mobil- ity1 CAR SHARING AND MOBILITY MANAGEMENT: FACING NEW CHALLENGES WITH TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATIVE BUSINESS PLANNING Conrad Wagner, Consulting Manager Strategy & Development at Mobility Car

Kammen, Daniel M.

93

Fuel Economy Sticker Revs Up Used Car Sales | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Sticker Revs Up Used Car Sales Fuel Economy Sticker Revs Up Used Car Sales May 1, 2014 - 2:29pm Addthis FuelEconomy.govs newest tool -- the Used Car Fuel Economy Label --...

94

Comparison of detection threshold measurements and modeling for approaching electric cars and conventional cars presented in traffic and pink noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the difference in audibility of an approaching conventional car with internal combustion engine and an electric car at various velocities. The goal was to compare the risk that pedestrians do not hear the approaching car in time. Binaural recordings of each of these approaching cars were presented together with either a traffic noise masker or a pink noise masker. In the first detection experiment the threshold level was determined for which the cars could just be detected. In a second reaction time experiment the moment was determined at which the approaching car was first detectable. This measured reaction time should give an indication about how much time a person has to evade an impending collision. Results indicated that slowly approaching electric cars where less audible than cars with a conventional engine. The results also showed that the decrement of reaction times as a function of SNR was halved when pink noise was used instead of traffic noise. A psycho-acoustic masking model [Dau et al. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 99 3615–3622 (1996)] was applied to predict detection thresholds and showed good correspondence with the subjective data.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Comparison of detection threshold measurements and modeling for approaching electric cars and conventional cars presented in traffic and pink noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the difference in audibility of an approaching conventional car with internal combustion engine and an electric car at various velocities. The goal was to compare the risk that pedestrians do not hear the approaching car in time. Binaural recordings of each of these approaching cars were presented together with either a traffic noise masker or a pink noise masker. In the first detection experiment the threshold level was determined for which the cars could just be detected. In a second reaction time experiment the moment was determined at which the approaching car was first detectable. This measured reaction time should give an indication about how much time a person has to evade an impending collision. Results indicated that slowly approaching electric cars where less audible than cars with a conventional engine. The results also showed that the decrement of reaction times as a function of SNR was halved when pink noise was used instead of traffic noise. A psycho-acoustic masking model [Dau et. al. (1996) J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 99 3615 - 3622] was applied to predict detection thresholds and showed good correspondence with the subjective data.

Julian Grosse; Reinhard Weber; Steven Van de Par

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Used Oil, Antifreeze, and Car Battery Recycling in Centre County* Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze Car Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Used Oil, Antifreeze, and Car Battery Recycling in Centre County* Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze) 237-0121 Yes No No #12;Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze Car Batteries Valvoline Instant Oil Change-9929 Yes Yes Yes * See the DEP website, www.dep.state.pa.us/cgi_apps/oil, for used oil recycling locations

Maroncelli, Mark

97

The role of electric cars in Amsterdam’s transport system in the year 2015; a scenario approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electric cars may contribute significantly to a reduction in external costs of urban transport. This paper investigates, using a scenario analysis, the necessary conditions for their possible introduction in the city of Amsterdam. First, a background sketch of recent developments in Amsterdam is given, followed by an outline of the potential of, and the problems inherent in, the introduction of electric cars. Four scenarios are constructed by means of the so-called Spider-model. It is visualized in a picture that consists of quadrants and eight axes on which important future developments are sketched on a five point scale. The quadrants represent policy concerns about national and international flanking policies, local economic developments, local spatial policies and public transport policies, respectively. The scenarios used are: ‘Prosperous Amsterdam’, ‘Sustainable Amsterdam’, ‘Pauperized Amsterdam’ and ‘Lonely Amsterdam’, which largely differ in economic developments and in the spatial focus on sustainability issues. These scenarios act as frameworks for the policy development centered around the future adaption of electric cars in the city. Finally, the transport system and the potential role of the electric car in each scenario is investigated. It is concluded that flanking policies at all levels of spatial aggregation, as well as economic development are a sine qua non for a successful introduction of the electric car.

Sytze A Rienstra; Peter Nijkamp

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Global energy consumption due to friction in passenger cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents calculations on the global fuel energy consumption used to overcome friction in passenger cars in terms of friction in the engine, transmission, tires, and brakes. Friction in tribocontacts was estimated according to prevailing contact mechanisms such as elastohydrodynamic, hydrodynamic, mixed, and boundary lubrication. Coefficients of friction in the tribocontacts were estimated based on available information in the literature on the average passenger car in use today, a car with today’s advanced commercial tribological technology, a car with today’s best advanced technology based upon recent research and development, and a car with the best technology forecasted in the next 10 years. The following conclusions were reached: • In passenger cars, one-third of the fuel energy is used to overcome friction in the engine, transmission, tires, and brakes. The direct frictional losses, with braking friction excluded, are 28% of the fuel energy. In total, 21.5% of the fuel energy is used to move the car. • Worldwide, 208,000 million liters of fuel (gasoline and diesel) was used in 2009 to overcome friction in passenger cars. This equals 360 million tonne oil equivalent per year (Mtoe/a) or 7.3 million TJ/a. Reductions in frictional losses will lead to a threefold improvement in fuel economy as it will reduce both the exhaust and cooling losses also at the same ratio. • Globally, one passenger car uses on average of 340 l of fuel per year to overcome friction, which would cost 510 euros according to the average European gas price in 2011 and corresponds to an average driving distance of 13,000 km/a. • By taking advantage of new technology for friction reduction in passenger cars, friction losses could be reduced by 18% in the short term (5–10 years) and by 61% in the long term (15–25 years). This would equal worldwide economic savings of 174,000 million euros and 576,000 million euros, respectively; fuel savings of 117,000 million and 385,000 million liters, respectively; and CO2 emission reduction of 290 million and 960 million tonnes, respectively. • The friction-related energy losses in an electric car are estimated to be only about half those of an internal combustion passenger car. Potential actions to reduce friction in passenger cars include the use of advanced coatings and surface texturing technology on engine and transmission components, new low-viscosity and low-shear lubricants and additives, and tire designs that reduce rolling friction.

Kenneth Holmberg; Peter Andersson; Ali Erdemir

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

History of the FreedomCAR Environmental Science and Health Impacts...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

History of the FreedomCAR Environmental Science and Health Impacts Activity History of the FreedomCAR Environmental Science and Health Impacts Activity 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions...

100

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum cars Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: aluminum cars Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 ORNLTM-1999157 ENERGY DIVISION Summary: aluminum content in passenger cars. General Motors is increasing...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Modeling and Simulation of Series DC Motors in Electric Car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The objective of this paper is assessing use of series DC motor in electric car with its rotation speed controller, and evaluating its performances when different running cases of electric car with different loads. The mathematical equations model of series DC motor and electronic inverter in dynamic state with reference frame d – q were considered. Computer model of these equations was implemented using MATLAB/SIMPOWER facilities obtaining a complete model for motor and controller. Series DC motor is considered and its parameters were used for simulation. The electronic controller operates based on PWM control technique. Simulation of series DC motor performances was conducted within presumptions of changing car load and different resistant torques. Changing loads was realised changing number of passengers when electric car is running on normal streets, when running on streets with slope, when car is accelerate to reach a stead speed and when car is changing speed rigidly and suddenly running on country road having some holes and small slopes. Some conclusions and remarks about performances and behaviour of series DC motor were concluded. The simulated series DC motor was tested and mounted experimentally in a small truck car in Faculty of Mechanical & Electrical Engineering at Damascus University.

Zeina Bitar; Samih Al Jabi; Imad Khamis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Modelling future private car energy demand in Ireland  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Targeted measures influencing vehicle technology are increasingly a tool of energy policy makers within the EU as a means of meeting energy efficiency, renewable energy, climate change and energy security goals. This paper develops the modelling capacity for analysing and evaluating such legislation, with a focus on private car energy demand. We populate a baseline car stock and car activity model for Ireland to 2025 using historical car stock data. The model takes account of the lifetime survival profile of different car types, the trends in vehicle activity over the fleet and the fuel price and income elasticities of new car sales and total fleet activity. The impacts of many policy alternatives may only be simulated by such a bottom-up approach, which can aid policy development and evaluation. The level of detail achieved provides specific insights into the technological drivers of energy consumption, thus aiding planning for meeting climate targets. This paper focuses on the methodology and baseline scenario. Baseline results for Ireland forecast a decline in private car energy demand growth (0.2%, compared with 4% in the period 2000–2008), caused by the relative growth in fleet efficiency compared with activity.

Hannah E. Daly; Brian P. Ó Gallachóir

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

A rental car strategy for commercialization of hydrogen in Florida  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article proposes a hydrogen rental-car strategy for transitioning from fleets to consumers in Orlando, Florida. Orlando is the No. 1 tourist destination in the United States, but most car renters visit only a few destinations. A hydrogen rental-car fleet serving this cluster of destinations could provide visitors with a positive first exposure to hydrogen vehicles with minimal commitment, creating hydrogen advocates and potential early adopters in their home regions. The rental-car business combines the logistical advantages of a fleet operation with outreach to many consumers. A hydrogen-powered rental-car fleet at the Orlando International Airport could provide guaranteed demand, supporting an initial rollout of refueling stations. We surveyed 435 rental-car customers in Orlando to understand the idea from the consumer point of view. We analyzed the bundles of destinations visited by the respondents and found that only three stations—an existing station at the Orlando International Airport plus new stations near the theme parks and in downtown Orlando—could serve 64% of renters. Half of all respondents indicated a willingness to pay more to rent a hydrogen car, and this subset of customers ranked the ability to use a pollution-free car as the most important factor in their decision. We then identify the major barriers to a hydrogen rental-car business model from the corporate point of view and propose a number of potential solutions. The most significant barrier appears to be the fleet purchase costs, which we think can be offset by the benefits of free media coverage and contained by beginning with converted internal-combustion vehicles and converting eventually to fuel-cell vehicles. We also outline possible synergies with NASA, Disney, refueling stations, manufacturers and state government.

Lee Lines; Michael Kuby; Ronald Schultz; James Clancy; Zhixiao Xie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Students Earn Street Cred With the EcoCAR Challenge | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Students Earn Street Cred With the EcoCAR Challenge Students Earn Street Cred With the EcoCAR Challenge Students Earn Street Cred With the EcoCAR Challenge Addthis EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event 1 of 8 1 of 8 EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event 1 of 8 US Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu talks shop with members of the West Virginia EcoCAR team. Image: Energy Department Image | Photo by Charles Watkins, Contractor EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event2 of 8 2 of 8 EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event2 of 8 Secretary Steven Chu discusses the EcoCAR Challenge during the 'Finish Line' event held at the US Department of Energy headquarters in Washington, DC. Image: Energy Department Image | Photo by Charles Watkins, Contractor EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event 3 of 8 3 of 8 EcoCAR Challenge Finish Line Event 3 of 8

105

Tips for Planning, Building, and Testing a Model Car  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tips for Planning, Building, and Testing Your Lithium- Ion Battery Powered Car CONTENTS: ï‚¢ Teacher Overview ï‚¢ What Teachers Can Do To Help ï‚¢ Student Design Plan ï‚¢ Brainstorming ï‚¢ Materials ï‚¢ Chassis Design ï‚¢ Transmission ï‚¢ Gear Ratio ï‚¢ Wheels and Bearings ï‚¢ Battery ï‚¢ Testing ï‚¢ Trouble Shooting TEACHER OVERVIEW ï‚¢ The Lithium-ion battery powered car competition is designed to be an engineering challenge for middle school students. ï‚¢ Students will be exploring the following concepts while planning, building and testing their cars: ï‚— Alternative energy sources ï‚— Engineering design ï‚— Aerodynamics ï‚— Force and motion ï‚— Teamwork ï‚— Problem solving ï‚¢ Teams who do not have a completed car at the

106

EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line Addthis Description The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. Speakers Secretary Steven Chu; MIchael Bly, Lynn Gnatt, Carlos Cubero-Ponce, Ryan Melsert, Eric Schacht, Andrew Eldridge, Duration 4:23 Topic Alternative Fuel Vehicles Fuel Economy Batteries Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Credit Energy Department Video (Music.) LYNN GANTT (Virginia Tech): There are 16 universities that compete in the

107

Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition Virginia Tech Wins EcoCAR Competition June 17, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - On Thursday evening a team of students from Virginia Tech University learned they received top honors when they were named the overall winners of EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge after designing and building an extended-range electric vehicle (EREV) using E85 (ethanol). Virginia Tech competed against 15 other universities to take home the top prize of the three-year competition sponsored by the Department of Energy and General Motors. This unique competition helps train students and engineers to become the next generation of workers the U.S. needs to lead the global auto industry. "The ingenuity and dedication shown by the students of Virginia Tech in

108

Students race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition | race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Students race lithium ion battery powered cars ... Students race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition Posted By Greg Cunningham, Pantex Public Affairs

109

EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech Addthis Description Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C.. Speakers Lynn Gantt Duration 1:43 Topic Alternative Fuel Vehicles Fuel Economy Batteries Consumption Credit Energy Department Video LYNN GANTT: My name is Lynn Gantt and I'm the team leader for the Virginia Tech EcoCAR team.

110

EcoCar Students Spread the Word | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCar Students Spread the Word EcoCar Students Spread the Word EcoCar Students Spread the Word June 16, 2011 - 11:34am Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program "If you build it, they will come" is a mantra that might be well suited for rural sporting venues, but the organizers behind the EcoCAR competition realize that in the commercial sector, merely producing a finely tuned product often isn't enough to make it successful. That's why along with challenging students to re-engineer a donated vehicle to minimize gas consumption and emissions while maintaining consumer acceptability, they've made outreach and education key components of the competition. Whether they're speaking to policy makers or elementary school students, each of the teams have worked to convey the benefits of advanced technology

111

Rockets 2 Race Cars Teacher Program at Kentucky Speedway (NASA)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Register here. Go Green Edition / The Heat is ON! Get your students revved up about science, technology, engineering and mathematics with NASA's Rockets 2 Race Cars STEM Education program....

112

EcoCAR Challenge Georgia Institute of Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EcoCAR Challenge Georgia Institute of Technology Outreach Report Date: 11/09/2010 #12;11/9/2010 2 plan on leveraging our media contacts, GM sponsors, and Atlanta Clean Cities sponsors to potentially

Houston, Paul L.

113

Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51%...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

832: August 4, 2014 Over Half of the Refueling Stations in the U.S. and Canada Sell Diesel Fuel - Dataset ATVM Technical Support Document Fact 847: November 17, 2014 Cars were...

114

Electric car batteries: Avoiding the environmental drawbacks via alternative technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this article, we address the question of whether air pollution resulting from the pyrometallurgical winning, recycling, and casting of lead for car batteries is a serious threat to the environmental acceptabil...

Hans Warlimont Dr.rer.nat.; Marco Olper

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Electric Cars Coming to Former Delaware GM Plant | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

"Another reason we chose the site is because it can be very difficult and expensive to train workers to build world-class cars. The team over there had won several awards, so...

116

Addiction to car use and dynamic elasticity measures in France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mileage travelled by French households with their personal cars, defining their automobility. To feature-price and income elasticities of household automobility, for both the short and the long runs. Keywords

Boyer, Edmond

117

3D Printed Car at the International Manufacturing Technology...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Courtesy of Local Motors Carbon Fiber Pellets 4 of 6 Carbon Fiber Pellets Pellets of plastic mixed with carbon fiber were used in the production process of the 3D-printed car....

118

On the road performance simulation of hydrogen and hybrid cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An assessment is made of on-the-road performance, for a pure hydrogen fuel cell car, a pure battery operated car, and a hydrogen fuel cell-battery hybrid car. The tool used for this study is the modular software-package ADVISOR [Markel T, et al. ADVISOR. J Power Sources 2002; 110:255–66], which is well tested and offers a range of simple, parametrized sub-models or more detailed physical models for the fuel cell stack, the batteries, the electric motor, the exhaust control, the transmission and entire power train including controls and control strategies. The basis configurations of the cars modelled is characterized by high energy efficiency, before adding a fuel cell and electric motor also of high conversion efficiencies. Preceding the presentation of results, the best way to characterize energy efficiency is discussed.

Bent Sørensen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

EcoCAR 2 Competition: Meet the Teams Part III  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The EcoCAR 2 finale starts tomorrow! Meet five of the student teams that are designing and integrating vehicle powertrains that lower the environmental impact of a Chevrolet Malibu without compromising performance, safety and consumer acceptability.

120

Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Oak Ridge National Lab's work with Local Motors to build a 3D-printed car was highlighted at the International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS) in September 2014 with a live demonstration.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Modeling demand for electric vehicles: the effect of car users' attitudes and perceptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electric cars and petrol-driven ones and in particular which include the respondents' own cars to electric cars on vehicle preferences. Opinion and perception data are also collected to capture the impact) and currently, few charging stations and infrastructures are available. The electric car user is hence compelled

Bierlaire, Michel

122

Concept of actuation and control for the EO smart connecting car (EO scc)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the mechanical structure, electrical layout and control concept of the four-wheeled electric vehicle EO smart connecting car (EO scc). This car is able to change its shape, a feature provided by a foldable chassis, which also allows ... Keywords: car docking, drive by-wire, extended maneuverability, modular electric car, morphology, road train, wheel hub motor

Michael Jahn; Martin Schröer; Yong-Ho Yoo; Mehmed Yüksel; Frank Kirchner

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Optimizing Tank Car Safety Design to Reduce Hazardous Materials Transportation Risk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimizing Tank Car Safety Design to Reduce Hazardous Materials Transportation Risk M. Rapik Saat hazardous materials transport risk by rail · Tank Car Design Optimization Model Tank car weight and capacity model Metrics to assess tank car performance Illustration of the optimization model

Barkan, Christopher P.L.

124

Fact #827: June 30, 2014 Share of Import Cars Declines to less than 30% of Car Sales in 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 1970, about 15% of all cars sold were imported (built outside of North America) and about 5% of all light trucks sold were imported. These import shares grew during the 1970’s and the early 1980...

125

Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

For the 2014 model year, midsize hybrid cars averaged 43.4 miles per gallon (mpg) while midsize non-hybrid cars averaged 28.7 mpg; the difference between the two has narrowed due to the rising...

126

Demand for hybrid car in Indian metro cities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The depleting stock of fossil fuels, environmental problems, and global warming are today's major concerns. Existing studies identify that transport sector is one of the major contributors towards these problems. Constant efforts in search of alternative, less polluting fuel are being made. Hybrid car technology uses the gasoline and electric technology to reduce air pollution, and save oil. From the field study it is observed that the people with conventional thinking, constituting about one-third of respondents, show more concern for environment. The variables leading to demand for hybrid cars could be energy efficiency, concern for environment, etc. Despite being price sensitive, Indian consumers are willing to pay a decent premium for acquiring this environment friendly car. This study is undertaken with the objective of analysing the scenario of hybrid car in India, and its market potential. The study conducts a questionnaire-based consumer survey based on demographic, economic, and desirable features in a hybrid car; using logit model and factor analysis for identifying variables useful for the study.

Debabrata Das; R. Srinivasan; Raj S. Dhankar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Car2Go Launches Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego on AddThis.com... Feb. 2, 2013 Car2Go Launches Electric Carsharing Fleet in San Diego

128

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7: April 20, 7: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older on AddThis.com... Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older The median age of cars continues to grow in 2008 while the median age of

129

Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy The new material has the highest oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity in alkaline media of any non-precious metal catalyst developed to date. June 4, 2013 A high-resolution microscopic image of a new type of nanostructured-carbon-based catalyst developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory that could pave the way for reliable, economical next-generation batteries and alkaline fuel cells. (Photo credit: Los Alamos National Laboratory) A high-resolution microscopic image of a new type of nanostructured-carbon-based catalyst developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory that could pave the way for reliable, economical next-generation batteries and alkaline fuel cells. (Photo credit: Los Alamos National

130

Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Designer |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Designer Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Designer January 7, 2010 - 4:05pm Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Nicole Lambiase grew up near Cape Canaveral and the Kennedy Space Center where she attended space shuttle launches, dreamed of the stars and had hopes of becoming an astronaut. In 2004, Nicole's dreams advanced as she began the aeronautical engineering program at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in Daytona Beach, Florida. Even though Nicole thrived in the program, she quickly discovered this path would more likely lead her to driving a computer rather than a space module. So Nicole made a leap of faith and switched to the newly-formed mechanical

131

EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reaches the Finish Line Reaches the Finish Line EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line June 21, 2011 - 2:09pm Addthis The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program Last Thursday, the Library of Congress's vaunted halls were filled with undergraduate and graduate students on the edge of their seats, waiting to hear the first place winner of the EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge competition. As Patrick Davis, Vehicle Technologies Program Manager for the Department

132

Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy The new material has the highest oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity in alkaline media of any non-precious metal catalyst developed to date. June 4, 2013 A high-resolution microscopic image of a new type of nanostructured-carbon-based catalyst developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory that could pave the way for reliable, economical next-generation batteries and alkaline fuel cells. (Photo credit: Los Alamos National Laboratory) A high-resolution microscopic image of a new type of nanostructured-carbon-based catalyst developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory that could pave the way for reliable, economical next-generation batteries and alkaline fuel cells. (Photo credit: Los Alamos National

133

An experimental study on a model Stirling engine car  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Stirling engine is a mechanical device that operates on a closed regenerative thermodynamic cycle, with cyclic compression and expansion of the working fluid at different temperature levels. The flow is controlled by volume changes, and there exists a net conversion of the heat to work. Stirling engines are ideally suited to off-grid electric power generation because of their multi-fuel capability, potentially high efficiency and low noise. The first model Stirling Techno-rally was held in August 1997 for further promotion of the clean and quiet Stirling engine as one of the Centennial Anniversary events of JSME. In the race, more than one hundred cars competed for the time on a course of 13 meters length and 30 centimeters width. In Ashikaga Institute of Technology, a model Stirling engine car Ashikaga Gekkoh was made for this event. In this paper the authors report on this model car that won the championship of the Stirling Techno-rally.

Sohma, Yutaka; Wu, Chungming; Isshiki, Seita; Ushiyama, Izumi

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FreedomCAR Partnership FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Item Page Preamble 2 Advanced Combustion & Emissions Control * Charge Stratification to Improve HCCI Combustion Efficiency 3 * Lower Temperature Diesel Combustion 4 * Sensors for Closed-Loop Diesel Engine Control 5 Electrical & Electronics * High Voltage Power Module Hits Performance & Cost Targets 6 Electrochemical Energy Storage * 42V Battery Test Manual Issued 7 * Abuse Tolerant Li-Ion Cathode 8 * Li-Ion Battery Thermal Run-Away Mechanism 9 * Li-Ion Electrolyte Model for Low Temperatures 10 * Li-Ion HEV Battery Cost Reduced 11 Fuel Cells * Advanced Fuel Cell Membrane Electrolyte 12

135

The All-Electric Commute: An Assessment of the Market Potential for Station Cars in the San Francisco Bay Area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sperling, D. 1994. "Electric Cars and the Future." ITSReviewUP HERE TO TEST DRIVE AN ELECTRIC CAR Availability for testtest drives of an electric car. Non-polluting commuting."

Cervero, Robert; Round, Alfred; Reed, Carma; Clark, Brian

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Electric Power Controller for Steering Wheel Management in Electric Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Power Controller for Steering Wheel Management in Electric Cars Vicente Milanés, Joshué-- Autonomous vehicles, Power control, System analysis and design, Intelligent transportation systems. I they are named hydraulic power steering (HPS) systems. If an electric motor is used then they are named electric

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

137

Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The story behind the realization of a unique project: the building of a 3D printed electric car, as told by team members. Strati materialized out of 15% carbon-reinforced ABS thermoplastic in a record 44 hours, under the very eyes of attendees at this year's International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS).

Rogers, Jay; Love, Lonnie; Johnson, Mark; Ivester, Rob; Neff, Rick; Blue, Craig;

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

138

FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Hydrogen is a versatile energy car-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Fuel Cells Hydrogen is a versatile energy car- rier that can be used efficiently capture and use the power of hydrogen -- is the key to making it happen. Stationary fuel cells can and trucks. Why Fuel Cells? Fuel cells directly convert the chemical energy in hydrogen to electricity

139

Case Study B: Fuel Cell Power Train for Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter reports the results of an experimental analysis on a 30 kW fuel cell power train for city cars. The electric energy is generated by using a laboratory fuel cell system (FCS) based on a 20 kW H2/air P...

Pasquale Corbo; Fortunato Migliardini…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Modeling Cylinder Valve in Hydrogen Fuel Cell Car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We develop a fast alternative to a complex finite element analysis (FEA) model of cylinder valve in hydrogen fuel cell car based on support vector machine (SVM). The inputs of model are shape parameters of core and plunger of the valve, and the output ... Keywords: modeling, cylinder valve, SVM, uniform design

Liang Yu; Shengnian Cai; Wang Na

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Efficiency assessment of an evolutive design system of car contours  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Conference on Engineering Design - ICED 09, Palo Alto, CA : United States (2009)" #12 the designer to browse through generations of car profiles from an initial population of existing silhouettes, called phenotype, are encoded in a genome. From an initial population of such individuals, a GA permits

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

142

The Bolting of Magnesium Components in Car Engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Bolting of Magnesium Components in Car Engines Sarennah J.P. Longworth Newnham College vehicles. At present this is achieved through the use of ultralight steels, aluminium alloys and magnesium alloys for some body parts. Magnesium has the highest strength-to-weight ratio of any structural metal

Cambridge, University of

143

EcoCAR 2: Meet the Teams Part II  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

As college graduation season draws near, so too does EcoCAR 2, the Energy Department competition that challenges the next generation of engineers and scientists to reduce the environmental impact of a Chevrolet Malibu without compromising performance, safety and consumer acceptability. Meet five of the 15 teams.

144

Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The story behind the realization of a unique project: the building of a 3D printed electric car, as told by team members. Strati materialized out of 15% carbon-reinforced ABS thermoplastic in a record 44 hours, under the very eyes of attendees at this year's International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS).

Rogers, Jay; Love, Lonnie; Johnson, Mark; Ivester, Rob; Neff, Rick; Blue, Craig; ,

2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

145

Why do we power our cars with gas? NBC Chicago  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Why can we only power our cars with gas? NBC-Chicago tackles this question with a trip to Argonne National Lab, where work on the Omnivorous Engine (runs on any blend of ethanol, butanol, and gasoline) and electric vehicles continues. A segment from NBC-Chicago's "Good Question" series.

None

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

146

EcoCAR 2: Meet the Teams Part I  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Next month, 15 university teams facing off in EcoCAR 2 will reach the home stretch of the race. A two part contest will determine which team is crowned winners of the Energy Department’s latest advanced vehicle technology competition. Meet five of the teams and learn about their unique approaches to building innovative vehicles on the cutting edge of clean transportation.

147

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6: May 7, 2012 6: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? on AddThis.com... Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks? The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards set for model years

148

Fact #692: September 12, 2011 Fuel Economy Distribution for New Cars and Light Trucks  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Nearly 64% of new cars sold in model year (MY) 1975 had combined highway/city fuel economy of 15 miles per gallon (mpg) or less [blue shading]. By 2010, 63% of cars had fuel economy of 25 mpg or...

149

Automatic parallel parking and platooning to redistribute electric vehicles in a car-sharing application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

subscribers , as well as the electric car-sharing system autolib, comprising 2000 vehicles, 1200 stations for an electric car sharing application. Both perception, planing, control and communication issues are tackled

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

150

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic car identification Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quest Car89, and Mozzie HRH97. One of the main attributes... the metaphor of trains made up of cars. The address space of the store is divided into a number of disjoint...

151

Transient Aerodynamic Effects on a Four-Car Platoon During Passing Maneuvers: Data Summary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

B. Marcu, F. Browand, ”The Aerodynamic Forces on Misalignedof the Transient Aerodynamic Effects on a Four-Car PlatoonBERKELEY Transient Aerodynamic Effects on a Four-Car Platoon

Tsuei, L.; Hedrick, J. K.; Savas, O.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Advanced Generation Adenoviral Virotherapy Agents Embody Enhanced Potency Based upon CAR-Independent Tropism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Embody Enhanced Potency Based upon CAR-Independent Tropism J. Michael Mathis...the retinoblastoma (Rb) pathway. A defective Rb pathway in the majority of tumor...coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR), in primary tumors relative to their...

J. Michael Mathis; Phoebe L. Stewart; Zheng B. Zhu; and David T. Curiel

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Fact #611: February 22, 2010 Top Ten Best Selling Cars and Light Trucks  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The top ten lists of best selling cars and light trucks in 2009 show that the Toyota Camry was the best selling car, while the Ford F-Series pickup was the best selling light truck. The F-Series...

154

Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Students build hydrogen fuel-cell cars Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition Middle and elementary school teams from around New Mexico participated in...

155

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Students Power Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel on AddThis.com... April 14, 2012 Students Power Remote-Controlled Cars With Biodiesel

156

Fact #724: April 23, 2012 Gas Guzzler Tax Levied on New Cars with Low Fuel Economy  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The "Gas Guzzler Tax" is collected from the public for each new car purchased with fuel economy less than 22.5 miles per gallon (mpg). The Gas Guzzler Tax does not apply to light trucks, only cars....

157

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Report containing brief summaries of key technical accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership program for 2008.

158

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2007 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Report containing brief summaries of key technical accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership program for 2007.

159

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2009 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report summarizes key technical accomplishments achieved in support of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership in 2009.

160

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Report containing brief summaries of key accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership program for 2004.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2005 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Report containing brief summaries of key technical accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership program for 2005.

162

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Report containing brief summaries of key technical accomplishments of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership program for 2006.

163

Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014- Dataset  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Excel file with dataset for Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014

164

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2010 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report summarizes key technical accomplishments achieved in support of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership in 2010.

165

Limiting discharge voltage of a capacitive energy store in a subway car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method is proposed for calculating the limiting discharge voltage of a capacitive energy store in a subway car.

G. G. Ryabtsev; I. A. Ermakov

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

CarPal: interconnecting overlay networks for a community-driven shared mobility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of running vehicles by increasing the number of passengers per car amongst medium/big communities like and pollution, reduces trip expenses by alternating the use of the personal vehicle amongst different drivers.1007/978-3-642-15640-3_20 #12;find the closest car to pick. The same economical/ecological advantage of car pooling applies

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

167

Nuclear car wash status report, August 2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A large majority of US imports arrive at seaports in maritime cargo containers. The number of containers arriving is nearly 10 million per year, each with a cargo of up to 30 tons of various materials. This provides a vulnerable entry point for the importation of a nuclear weapon or its components by a terrorist group. Passive radiation sensors are being deployed at portals to detect radioactive material and portable instruments are carried by port personnel to augment detection. Those instruments can detect the neutrons and g-rays produced by {sup 240}Pu that is normally present in weapons grade plutonium in cases where cargo overburden is not too great. However, {sup 235}U produces almost no neutron output in its normal radioactive decay and its principal {gamma}-radiation is at 186 keV and is readily attenuated by small amounts of wood or packing materials. Impurities such as {sup 232}U, often present in reactor irradiated material at the 100-200 ppt level, can provide a detectable signal through significant cargo overburden but the wide variations among samples of HEU make this an unreliable means of detecting SNM. High quality radiography may be useful in determining that the majority of containers are clearly free of SNM. However, some containers will lead to ambiguous results from radiography and passive radiation sensing. For these reasons active neutron interrogation is proposed as a means to produce fission and thus greatly amplify the radiation output of fissionable material to facilitate its reliable detection even when well shielded by large cargo overburden. Historically, the fission signature utilized as the unique identifying feature of fissionable materials is the detection of delayed neutrons. However, these neutrons have very low yield {approx} 0.017 per fission in {sup 235}U, and their low energy results in very poor penetration of hydrogenous materials such as fuels, water, wood, or agricultural products. That signature alone does not provide reliable detection in thick cargos. A new signature has been identified and has been developed within the current project for the detection of well shielded SNM. This SNM signature is based on high-energy {beta}-delayed {gamma}-radiation produced by fission products following neutron or photon induced fission. These {gamma}-rays are high enough in energy (E{sub {gamma}} > 3 MeV) to be readily distinguished from any natural background radioactivity since the latter does not extend above 2.6 MeV. Their abundance is nearly a decade greater than delayed neutrons and their short half-lives deliver nearly all of the signature radiation on time scales of one minute or less and thus facilitate rapid scanning. Finally, for this {gamma}-radiation in the 3-6 MeV range attenuation occurs only by Compton scattering and is in the range where minimum attenuation occurs in all materials. Even the thickest cargos of any material attenuate these {gamma}-rays by only a factor of 10-30X so that the signature is readily detected even with the most challenging shield materials. The goals of the current program are to detect significant quantities (much less than IAEA ''significant'' amounts) of well-shielded SNM, and to do so with detection probability P{sub d} {ge} 95% and with false alarm rates P{sub fp} {le} 0.001. It is the goal to meet these requirements in a scan that requires less than one minute to complete and does so without damage to the cargo or to people who may be hidden inside. We intend to meet these requirements even when the cargo overburden is up to {rho}L {le} 150 g/cm{sup 2} of any material ranging from fuels and agricultural products to steel and lead.

Prussin, S; Slaughter, D; Pruet, J; Descalle, M; Bernstein, A; Hall, J; Accatino, M; Alford, O; Asztalos, S; Church, J; Loshak, A; Madden, N; Manatt, D; Moore, T; Norman, E; Petersen, D

2005-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

168

EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University May 24, 2013 - 2:14pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 SAN DIEGO, Calif. - EcoCAR 2: Plugging In to the Future today named Pennsylvania State University its Year Two winner at the EcoCAR 2013 Competition in San Diego. The 15 universities competing in EcoCAR 2 gathered in Yuma, Arizona last week for six days of rigorous vehicle testing and evaluation on drive quality and environmental impact at General Motors (GM) Desert Proving Ground. From there, the competition moved to San Diego for a second round of judging by automotive industry experts. EcoCAR 2 -- a three-year competition managed by Argonne National Laboratory

169

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3: December 13, 3: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground on AddThis.com...

170

EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University EcoCAR 2 Competition Announces Year Two Winner: Penn State University May 24, 2013 - 2:14pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 SAN DIEGO, Calif. - EcoCAR 2: Plugging In to the Future today named Pennsylvania State University its Year Two winner at the EcoCAR 2013 Competition in San Diego. The 15 universities competing in EcoCAR 2 gathered in Yuma, Arizona last week for six days of rigorous vehicle testing and evaluation on drive quality and environmental impact at General Motors (GM) Desert Proving Ground. From there, the competition moved to San Diego for a second round of judging by automotive industry experts. EcoCAR 2 -- a three-year competition managed by Argonne National Laboratory

171

Fire tests on defective tank-car thermal protection systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many railway tank-cars carrying hazardous materials are thermally protected from fire impingement by thermal insulation and a steel jacket applied to the outside of the tank-car shell. Over time, it is possible that the thermal insulation will sag, rip, degrade, or be crushed under the steel jacket. A thermographic technique to determine whether or not a tank has insulation deficiencies has been developed, but it is necessary to determine which thermal deficiencies do not affect a tank’s survivability in a fire and which thermal deficiencies must be repaired. In order to develop a guideline in assessing thermal defects, a thermal model and experimental data would be beneficial. A series of fire tests were performed on a quarter-section tank-car mock-up to assist in developing a guideline and to provide validation data for a thermal model. Twelve fire tests, with constant, credible, simulated pool fire conditions, were performed on the tank-car mock-up with various insulation deficiencies. An infrared thermal imaging camera was used to measure the tank wall temperature. The thermal images were useful in determining the temperature profiles across the defects at different times and the transient temperature behaviour at different locations. It was seen that the properly installed thermal protection system significantly reduced the heat transfer from the fire to the tank wall. It was also seen that the steel jacket alone (i.e. 100% defect) acted as a radiation shield and provided a significant level of protection. With small defects, it was observed that the surrounding protected material provided a cooling effect by thermal conduction. A square defect greater than about 40 cm on each side should be considered significant, because unlike smaller defects, there is little benefit from the surrounding material as far as the peak defect temperature is concerned.

J.D.J VanderSteen; A.M Birk

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

The role of hydrogen cars in the economy of California  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen has been proposed as an alternative transportation fuel that could reduce energy consumption and eliminate tailpipe emissions when used in fuel cell vehicles (FCVs). To investigate the potential effects of hydrogen vehicles on California’s economy over the next two decades, we employed the modified Costs for Advanced Vehicles and Energy (CAVE) model and a California-specific computable general equilibrium model. Results indicate that, even in the aggressive scenario, hydrogen cars can only account for a minor fraction of the on-road fleet through 2030. Although new sales could drop sharply, conventional gasoline cars and carryover pre-2010 vehicles are still expected to dominate the on-road vehicle stock and consume the majority of transportation energy through 2030. Transportation energy consumption could decline dramatically, mainly because of the fuel economy advantage of \\{FCVs\\} over conventional cars. Both moderate and aggressive hydrogen scenarios are estimated to have a slightly negative influence on California’s economy. However, the negative economic impacts could be lessened as the market for hydrogen and \\{FCVs\\} builds up. Based on the economic optimization model, both hydrogen scenarios would have a negative economic impact on California’s oil refining sector and, as expected, a positive impact on the other directly related sectors that contribute to either hydrogen production or FCV manufacturing.

Guihua Wang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Development of plastic front side panels for green cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lightweight design with thermoplastics is a robust approach in order to reduce the CO2 emission and fuel consumption. This paper reviews the role of plastics in the green concept of automobile and develops the design process for replacing steel front side panels, so called steel car fender, with plastic ones. Conceptual design, material selection, and design strategy in terms of strength, moldability, and assembility were proposed. Injection molding optimization was carried out in order to ensure the quality of the plastic fender under a certain manufacturing conditions such as the applied molding machine and auxiliary equipment. Prototype manufacturing was also implemented to verify the manufacturability and the feasibility of the development process of a plastic car fender. The weight of the plastic car fender is 1.15 kg, reducing 41% compared to the steel fender. Although the production cost of the plastic fender is just slightly cheaper than that of steel one due to the high cost of the special plastic, the benefits such as lightweight, recyclability, manufacturability and design flexibility are the potential and practical application of the thermoplastic to the green automotive industry for making exterior parts.

H.S. Park; X.P. Dang; A. Roderburg; B. Nau

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

EcoCAR 2: Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR 2: Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency EcoCAR 2: Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency EcoCAR 2: Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency May 23, 2012 - 1:55pm Addthis Teams of university students are exploring the hardware of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles this week at the EcoCAR 2 finals in Los Angeles, CA. | Energy Department photo, credit Myles Regan. Teams of university students are exploring the hardware of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles this week at the EcoCAR 2 finals in Los Angeles, CA. | Energy Department photo, credit Myles Regan. Connie Bezanson Education & Outreach Manager, Vehicle Technologies Program What are the key facts? First year finals of the EcoCAR2 competition conclude today in Los Angeles, CA. For the second and third years of the competition, teams integrate their systems into a "mule" vehicle and refine their vehicles to meet

175

EcoCAR2 Teams Start their Virtual Engines | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR2 Teams Start their Virtual Engines EcoCAR2 Teams Start their Virtual Engines EcoCAR2 Teams Start their Virtual Engines May 17, 2012 - 4:11pm Addthis A North Carolina State University student works on an EcoCAR vehicle at the Year 3 finals last year in Milford, MI. | Energy Department photo. A North Carolina State University student works on an EcoCAR vehicle at the Year 3 finals last year in Milford, MI. | Energy Department photo. Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program What are the key facts? First-year finals of the EcoCar2 competition begin Friday, May 18 in Los Angeles, CA. As the auto industry introduces more alternative fuel and energy efficient vehicles to dealerships across the U.S., teams of university students are also making sure consumers have more choices on the showroom floor.

176

A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars May 25, 2011 - 5:42pm Addthis A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? An improved car buying experience Clear cut cost comparisons of vehicles If you've ever gone through the process of shopping for a new car, you know just how difficult it can be to cut through the hype and find the best vehicle for you. For decades, consumers have been turning to fuel economy labels to get gas mileage estimates for city and highway driving, to narrow their choices and make an informed purchase. Today, there are more vehicle choices than ever and consumers want to know

177

From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience June 17, 2011 - 3:35pm Addthis Virginia Tech's Lynn Gantt tells us about Virginia Tech's EcoCAR entry. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony

178

EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving Ground |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving Ground EcoCAR Vehicles Get Put to the Test at General Motors' Proving Ground June 13, 2011 - 5:57pm Addthis Virginia Tech puts their EcoCar vehicle through the paces at General Motors' Milford Proving Grounds. | Credit Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Technology Competitions Virginia Tech puts their EcoCar vehicle through the paces at General Motors' Milford Proving Grounds. | Credit Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Technology Competitions Connie Bezanson Education & Outreach Manager, Vehicle Technologies Program What does this project do? EcoCar challenges students to reduce the environmental impact of vehicles by minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions -- while retaining the vehicle's performance, safety and consumer appeal.

179

What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? April 29, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Tuesday, Shannon wrote about plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and all-electric vehicles. DOE is has a number of projects in the works to encourage development and adoption of these vehicles. While the flying "cars of the future" we imagined in years past have not come to fruition, plug-in and all-electric vehicles have given us a new vision for the "cars of the future," and it's an efficient one! What do you think of electric "cars of the future"? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. Please comment

180

Students Drive Home Innovative Engineering in the EcoCAR2 Competition |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Students Drive Home Innovative Engineering in the EcoCAR2 Students Drive Home Innovative Engineering in the EcoCAR2 Competition Students Drive Home Innovative Engineering in the EcoCAR2 Competition April 18, 2011 - 1:52pm Addthis Participants in the EcoCar2 challenge gather for the spring workshop in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Participants in the EcoCar2 challenge gather for the spring workshop in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Patrick B. Davis Patrick B. Davis Vehicle Technologies Program Manager What does this project do? Engineering students work to re-engineer a standard vehicle, minimizing fuel consumption and emissions while retaining its original level of performance, safety and consumer appeal. The wait is over. After enduring a rigorous selection process, 16 teams have been chosen to compete in EcoCAR2: Plugging into the Future- a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience June 17, 2011 - 3:35pm Addthis Virginia Tech's Lynn Gantt tells us about Virginia Tech's EcoCAR entry. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony

182

A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars May 25, 2011 - 5:42pm Addthis A New Generation of Labels for a New Generation of Cars John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? An improved car buying experience Clear cut cost comparisons of vehicles If you've ever gone through the process of shopping for a new car, you know just how difficult it can be to cut through the hype and find the best vehicle for you. For decades, consumers have been turning to fuel economy labels to get gas mileage estimates for city and highway driving, to narrow their choices and make an informed purchase. Today, there are more vehicle choices than ever and consumers want to know

183

What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? What Do You Think of Electric 'Cars of the Future'? April 29, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Tuesday, Shannon wrote about plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and all-electric vehicles. DOE is has a number of projects in the works to encourage development and adoption of these vehicles. While the flying "cars of the future" we imagined in years past have not come to fruition, plug-in and all-electric vehicles have given us a new vision for the "cars of the future," and it's an efficient one! What do you think of electric "cars of the future"? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. Please comment with your answers, and also feel free to respond to other comments. E-mail

184

Application of CARS to scramjet combustion. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopic (CARS) instrument has been developed for measuring simultaneously temperature and N/sub 2/ - O/sub 2/ species concentration in hostile flame environments. A folded BOXCARS arrangement was employed to obtain high spatial resolution. Polarization discrimination against the nonresonant background decreased the lower limits of O/sub 2/ detectivity. The instrument has been primarily employed for validation of computational fluid-dynamics computer-model codes. Comparisons have been made to both the CHARNAL and TEACH codes on a hydrogen diffusion flame with good results.

Antcliff, R.R.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

The world car concept and the volume manufacturer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of the ''world car'' is examined historically and in the light of fluctuations in the price of oil and of the expansion of the Japanese into the world market. This paper suggests ways in which governments and the EEC can enhance the ability of the European motor industry to compete successfully with the Japanese: by eliminating distortions in the European ''home market'' due to differing policies on tax, price control and state subsidy; by evolving a consistent approach to Japanese investment in plant in Europe; by concerted moves by governments to less restrictive monetary and fiscal policies; and by reviewing how social policies affect international competitiveness.

Robert A. Lutz

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Middle School Electric Car Competition | U.S. DOE Office of Science...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Electric Car Competition National Science Bowl (NSB) NSB Home About High School Middle School Attending National Event Volunteers 2014 Competition Results Middle School Round...

187

E-Print Network 3.0 - awakening response car Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

or movie) As a passenger in a car for an hour without a break ... Source: Fuerschbach, Phillip - Joining and Coating Department, Materials and Process Sciences Center, Sandia...

188

Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

share of light truck production by fuel economy classification, 1975-2014. Fact 848 Dataset Supporting Information Share of Car Production by Fuel Economy Classification,...

189

The battle of batteries: a history of innovation in alternative energy cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper gives a global view on the historical development of electrical cars. It is a history described in five major waves; the first one starting about 1835 and the last one ending about 2000. With two cases, important aspects of the two last waves are described in detail. The cases are the French VEL car and the Norwegian Think car. They have had their more specific setbacks. Problems in electrochemistry have caused important limitations, as they have through the whole history of electrical cars. This is the background for the paper title: The Battle of Batteries.

Karl G. Hoyer

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Fuels of the Future for Cars and Trucks | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Final Report - Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Options Analysis Cost Analysis of Hydrogen Storage Systems FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2009 Highlights of Technical...

191

Next Generation Lunch: Revealing the World’s First 3D Printed Car (text version)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Below is the text version for the Next Generation Lunch: Revealing the World’s First 3D Printed Car Video.

192

REVA Electric car: a case study of innovation at RECC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High levels of pollution in urban areas have forced automobile companies to think innovative ways of manufacturing vehicles to mitigate pollution. As a result, development of electric vehicles has gained acceptance worldwide. With innovation as the primary motto, REVA, India's first electric car was developed and commercialised by REVA Electric Car Company (RECC), a joint venture of Maini Group in India and AEV LLC of California, USA. Supports in different forms have helped the company to carve a niche for itself in the domestic as well as in the global market. RECC's strategy is to sustain its competitiveness and apply continuous improvement as a design philosophy. Though electric vehicle technology is at a nascent stage in India, but RECC definitely sees a long and bright future for electric vehicles in India. RECC will continue to strive towards its vision of establishing a tradition of excellence and leadership in environment friendly urban transportation by offering the best value and highest quality electric vehicles for city mobility. Strong orientation towards R&D, technology planning and quality together with a highly motivated and dynamic team, RECC has the potential to become global. Clearly defined vision, leadership in innovation and a quest for excellence have been the key to the success of the concept and incessant driving force behind RECC.

Chetan Kumaar Maini

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

The price of energy efficiency in the Spanish car market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Due to climate change, energy dependence and other energy-related issues, most developed countries are attempting to reduce fossil-fuel use in the transport sector. Accordingly, there are several instruments that have been in place for many years, such as mandatory design standards, taxes on fuels, car purchase and ownership, and energy efficiency labels. Yet it is still not clear whether consumers value energy efficiency as a characteristic of vehicles. In this paper we use the European labelling system for light vehicles, which classifies automobiles according to their relative fuel consumption levels, as a novel, alternative indicator for energy efficiency. Moreover, we use a unique database that incorporates official commercial prices along with prices obtained through ‘mystery shopping’ at a selection of Spanish car retailers. We apply the hedonic price method to this database to estimate the price functions for vehicles and thereby obtain the marginal price of vehicles rated highly in terms of energy efficiency. Our results show that vehicles labelled A and B are sold at prices 3 to 5.9 percent higher than those with similar characteristics but lower energy-efficiency labels.

Ibon Galarraga; Ana Ramos; Josu Lucas; Xavier Labandeira

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Buying a Car? Find Out What it Will REALLY Cost You Each Year | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buying a Car? Find Out What it Will REALLY Cost You Each Year Buying a Car? Find Out What it Will REALLY Cost You Each Year Buying a Car? Find Out What it Will REALLY Cost You Each Year November 9, 2009 - 12:52pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL If you're in the market for a new car, you've probably been doing a lot of research. Talking to friends, reading reviews, scoping out other cars on the road, maybe even taking some test drives. You probably have a list of things you want in car, and you should consider all of these points of comparison before you make a final decision. Buying a car can be confusing, and you may feel overwhelmed by data points, but I'm going to give you more! Aren't you lucky? Before you start banging your head on the desk, read on. This one might be even more important than the car's color.

195

Model Year 2013-2014 SmartWay MidsizeCars Year Model Displ Cyl  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MidsizeCars MidsizeCars Year Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Smog Rating City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Rating SmartWay 2013 AUDI A6 2 4 SCV-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DADXV02.03UB midsize car 6 25 33 28 7 yes 2013 BMW 528i 2 4 SemiAuto-8 4WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXJ02.0N20 midsize car 6 22 33 26 7 yes 2013 BMW 528i 2 4 SemiAuto-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXJ02.0N20 midsize car 6 24 34 28 7 yes 2013 BMW ActiveHybrid 5 3 6 SemiAuto-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DBMXV03.0AH5 midsize car 6 23 30 26 7 yes 2013 BUICK Lacrosse 2.4 4 SemiAuto-6 2WD Gasoline FA B5 Federal Tier 2 Bin 5 DGMXV02.4060 midsize car 5 25 36 29 8 yes 2013 BUICK Lacrosse 2.4 4 SemiAuto-6 2WD Gasoline CA L2 California LEV-II LEV DGMXV02.4060 midsize car 5 25 36 29 8 yes 2013 BUICK Regal

196

Did "Cash for Clunkers" Deliver? The Consumer Effects of the Car Allowance Rebate System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Did "Cash for Clunkers" Deliver? The Consumer Effects of the Car Allowance Rebate System Meghan R-zettelmeyer@kellogg.northwestern.edu #12;Did "Cash for Clunkers" Deliver? The Consumer Effects of the Car Allowance Rebate System Abstract investigate how much of the rebate benefited consumers as opposed to dealers, whether the rebate crowded out

Rothman, Daniel

197

Riversimple to trial fuel cell cars in two rural English counties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the UK, Riversimple, the Ludlow-based sustainable car company, has signed a ground-breaking agreement with Shropshire and Herefordshire, that will see them cooperate in finding both private citizens and organizations to test drive hydrogen fuel cell cars, and locate and staff suitable refueling points.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Calibrating Steady-State Traffic Stream and Car-Following Models Using Loop Detector Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The research reported in this paper develops a heuristic automated tool (SPD_CAL) for calibrating steady-state traffic stream and car-following models using loop detector data. The performance of the automated procedure is then compared to off-the-shelf ... Keywords: calibration of traffic simulation software, car-following models, traffic modeling, traffic stream models

Hesham Rakha; Mazen Arafeh

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

An Intelligent Video System for Vehicle Localization and Tracking in Police Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Intelligent Video System for Vehicle Localization and Tracking in Police Cars Amirali Jazayeri. Particularly, detecting a tracked or stopped vehicle is a crucial task for further examination of suspects, Experimentation Keywords In-Car Video, Tracking, Vehicle Detection, Spatial-Temporal Image, 1D projection

Tuceryan, Mihran

200

The influence of lubrication on the energy cost of pushing a mine car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The oxygen intakes of 16 well-trained Bantu mine recruits were studied while they pushed a mine car at a constant speed of 2 miles p. h. The car had dry or partially lubricated axles and was pushed with loads ...

C. G. Williams; J. H. Viljoen…

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Relay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to certain types of relay attacks 1 . Our attack allowed to open and start the car while the true distanceRelay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars Aur´elien Francillon, Boris.francillon, boris.danev, srdjan.capkun}@inf.ethz.ch Abstract We demonstrate relay attacks on Passive Keyless Entry

202

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1: October 29, 1: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #751: October 29, 2012

203

EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge May 18, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis While most college students' experience with vehicles goes no further than the beater they picked up for a few thousand dollars, students participating in the EcoCAR: The NeXT Challenge competition get to experience the cutting-edge of driving technology. The competition, which was established by the U.S. Department of Energy and General Motors, is a three year advanced vehicle engineering contest. Yesterday, May 17, was the first day of their Year 2 judging sessions. In EcoCAR, students from 16 universities across North America are competing against each other to build the most environmentally sustainable and practical vehicle. This year's teams have adopted a number of advanced

204

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #568: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8: April 27, 8: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars, Replacing an Air Filter Will Improve Performance but Not Fuel Economy to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #568: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars, Replacing an Air Filter Will Improve Performance but Not Fuel Economy on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #568: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars, Replacing an Air Filter Will Improve Performance but Not Fuel Economy on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #568: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars, Replacing an Air Filter Will Improve Performance but Not Fuel Economy on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #568: April 27, 2009 For Modern Cars, Replacing an Air Filter Will Improve Performance but Not Fuel Economy on Delicious

205

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Review of FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Review of FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Review of FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Project Summary Full Title: Review of the Research Program of the U.S. DRIVE Partnership Previous Title(s): Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Project ID: 203 Principal Investigator: Brief Description: The National Research Council's Committee on Review of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Research Program evaluates the structure and management of the Partnership as well as the Partnership's adequacy, progress, and technical problem areas on a biannual basis. Keywords: Advanced technology vehicles, fuel cells, hydrogen storage, hydrogen production Purpose Evaluate DOE-sponsored research efforts directed at the goal of a hydrogen economy under the U.S. DRIVE Partnership (formerly the FreedomCAR and Fuel

206

Middle Schoolers Face-Off in Model Car Challenge | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Schoolers Face-Off in Model Car Challenge Schoolers Face-Off in Model Car Challenge Middle Schoolers Face-Off in Model Car Challenge May 1, 2012 - 10:04am Addthis The team of James Wei, Andrew Jin, Andy Xu, Allen Guo, and Will Chang from Daniel Wright Middle School, in Lincolnshire, Illinois, built the fastest Lithium-Ion Battery Powered Model Car at this year's competition. At sub-6-second runs, their vehicle easily advanced to victory, being a full second faster than its closest rival. | Photo by Jack Dempsey, National Science Bowl. The team of James Wei, Andrew Jin, Andy Xu, Allen Guo, and Will Chang from Daniel Wright Middle School, in Lincolnshire, Illinois, built the fastest Lithium-Ion Battery Powered Model Car at this year's competition. At sub-6-second runs, their vehicle easily advanced to victory, being a full

207

Betting on Chinese electric cars? – analysing BYD's capacity for innovation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article will examine some of the reasons why the automobile industry in China has become the subject of so much interest in recent years. In particular, it will focus on its capacity for innovation through an in-depth study of one company: the BYD group. The article will examine the growth of the group and trace the development of the innovative strategies that have helped it to become a significant player in the electric car market. It will highlight three particular levels at which innovation has taken place, the organisational, human resource management and technological levels, and will analyse how these innovations interrelate to the overall breakthrough strategy of BYD. The article concludes with some observations about the capacity of BYD to continue to innovate, prosper and grow using its existing strategy.

Hua Wang; Chris Kimble

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Can alternative car fuels reduce greenhouse gas emissions?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There has been controversy in the published literature regarding the scope for alternative fuels to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in passenger transport. This paper aims to resolve this question in an Australian context, and, where possible, to calculate the costs of emission reductions. Fossil-fuel-based alternatives give either marginal or uncertain reductions. Ethanol from sugar cane, the most promising biomass fuel, has high costs per tonne of CO2 reduction, and, when other trace gases are considered, shows no definite improvement over petrol. Electric vehicles, if deployed today in Australia, would exacerbate greenhouse warming. Only if an alternative new energy source such as wind power generated 15% or more of total electricity would emission reductions occur compared to equivalent petrol-fuelled cars.

P. Moriarty

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

The Household Market for Electric Vehicles: Testing the Hybrid Household Hypothesis--A Reflively Designed Survey of New-car-buying, Multi-vehicle California Households  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gromer, C. New age of the electric car. Popular Mechanics.VEHICLES strongly favor electric cars, but on the other,electric vehicles, if an electric car was available to buy

Turrentine, Thomas; Kurani, Kenneth

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

The Household Market for Electric Vehicles: Testing the Hybrid Household Hypothesis -- A Reflexively Designed Survey of New-Car-Buying Multi-Vehicle California Households  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gromer, C Newage of the electric car. Popular Mechanics.VEHICLES strongly favor electric cars, but on the other,electric vehicles, if an electric car wasavailable to buy

Turrentine, Thomas; Kurani, Kenneth S.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Fact #716: February 27, 2012 Diesels are more than Half of New Cars Sold in Western Europe  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 2011, nearly 52% of all new cars sold in Western Europe were diesel. In Belgium, Norway, France and Spain more than 70% of the new car market in 2011 were diesels. The market penetration of...

212

Fact #638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in Relation to Family Earnings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Although the average expenditure for a new car has increased from 1967 to 2009, family earnings have also been on the rise. For this period, new car expenditures went from $3,216 to $23,186, while...

213

Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 1975, only three percent of all new cars had a fuel economy above 25 miles per gallon (mpg), but by 2014, 73% did. Great improvements were made in the fuel economy of cars from 1975 to 1985, so...

214

Comparative analysis of household car, motorcycle and bicycle ownership between Osaka metropolitan area, Japan and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Motorcycle is still frequently used in many Asian cities, and the fuel efficiency is higher than car. Thus, the switch back from car to motorcycle can bring considerable fuel savings. Moreover, if it is possible ...

Toshiyuki Yamamoto

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Development of a new light-weight car audio using polycarbonate/acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer composite based hybrid material  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Engineering plastics have been applied to automobile components ... /ABS) based composite material to the car audio chassis was investigated with respect to the key properties of a car audio chassis mainly throug...

Seong-Ho Jeon; Woo Chun Choi; Tae-Hong Park…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

CARS 2002 H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) CARS/Springer. All rights reserved.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CARS 2002 ­ H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors;CARS 2002 ­ H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) © CARS

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

217

Local Motors Begins Their Six Day Quest to 3D Print the ‘Strati’ Car Live at IMTS  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

An article detailing Local Motors' preparation to 3D print a car at the September 2014 International Manufacturing Technology Show.

218

Natural and synthetic DNA elements with the CArG motif differ in expression and protein-binding properties.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research Article Natural and synthetic DNA elements with the CArG motif differ...cognate promoters. Natural and synthetic DNA elements with the CArG motif differ...Vol. 11, No. 12 Natural and Synthetic DNA Elements with the CArG Motif Differ...

I M Santoro; K Walsh

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

iDriver -Human Machine Interface for Autonomous Cars Arturo Reuschenbach, Miao Wang, Tinosch Ganjineh, Daniel Gohring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

¨at Berlin Germany Abstract-- Modern cars are equipped with a variety of sensors, advanced driver assistance autonomous research cars "Spirit of Berlin" and "Made in Germany". Key Words: autonomous, car, iPad, remote control, driver assistance, spirit of berlin, made in germany I. INTRODUCTION AND MOTIVATION With modern

Göhring, Daniel

220

The initial stages of bioglass dissolution: a Car–Parrinello molecular-dynamics study of the glass–water interface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...doi:10.1021/jp805206z ) Car, R. , and M. Parrinello1985Unified...amorphous silica surfaces:a Car-Parrinello simulation studyJ...multicomponent silicate glasses:Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics...layers on defect-free and defective anatase TiO2(101) surfacesJ...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Optical and infrared light curves of the eclipsing X-ray binary V395 Car = 2S 0921–630  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Fig. 4; folding on the alternative periods results in light...Orbital light curves of V395 Car in all three bands B...long-period LMXB V395 Car. We refine the orbital...2003). This makes V395 Car a relatively low mass-transfer...obtained through the High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive......

T. A. Ashcraft; R. I. Hynes; E. L. Robinson

2012-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

222

EcoCAR 2 Announces Year One Winner: Mississippi State University |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EcoCAR 2 Announces Year One Winner: Mississippi State University EcoCAR 2 Announces Year One Winner: Mississippi State University EcoCAR 2 Announces Year One Winner: Mississippi State University May 24, 2012 - 10:40am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 Los Angeles, Calif. - EcoCAR 2: Plugging In to the Future today named Mississippi State University its Year One winner at the EcoCAR 2012 Competition in Los Angeles. The 15 universities competing in EcoCAR 2 gathered for six days of judged competition this week with $100,000 in prize money up for grabs. EcoCAR 2, a three-year competition sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), General Motors (GM) and 25 other government and industry leaders, gives students the opportunity to gain real-world, eco-friendly automotive engineering experience while striving to improve the energy efficiency of an already highly-efficient vehicle -

223

Influence of different configurations of a catalyst and a trap on particulate emission of a diesel passenger car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New particulate emission measurements performed on a diesel passenger car to see the influence of different configurations of after-treatment systems are reported. Five combinations of a particle trap and an oxidation catalyst are investigated. These configurations are discussed in view of particulate emission, measured by number and mass. All measurements were carried out at a chassis dynamometer of the EMPA. A diesel passenger car with an IDI engine was operated at four steady state conditions. Exhaust gas was diluted in a standard constant volume sampler (CVS) device (full flow dilution tunnel). Particulate size distributions were measured with a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) and gravimetric measurements were performed according to regulations. Furthermore, measurements without CVS tunnel were done by using external dilution units to see the influence of the sampling method. We used a thermo desorber to distinguish volatile and non-volatile aerosol fractions and we analysed filter samples for determination of organic soluble fraction, water-soluble fraction and sulphur content. Huge differences depending on the configuration of the after-treatment system and load were observed. In general it was found that a large reduction of particulate emission could be obtained by using a particle trap. A catalyst converter has minor effect on particulate emission. Nucleation of new particles was observed under certain conditions depending on configuration and sampling method.

Urs Lehmann; Martin Mohr

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Can innovative business models overcome resistance to electric vehicles? Better Place and battery electric cars in Denmark  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper explores the geographical and policy context for an emergent business model from Better Place to deliver battery electric car mobility in Denmark. It argues that the combination of radically different technologies and a highly complex multi-agency operating environment theoretically provide the conditions and requirements for such an emergent business model. While focused on battery electric cars, renewable energy generation and smart grids, the paper has wider applicability to an understanding of the interplay between place, innovation and sustainability which suggests that diverse solutions are likely to be the characteristic solution rather than ubiquity and standardization. The paper argues, however, that the innovative business model, the deployment of electric vehicles, and the use of renewable energy systems, in this case largely based on wind power, while mutually supportive and contributing to wider policy aims with respect to the reduction of carbon emissions, may still fail in the face of entrenched practices. At the theoretical level it is concluded that theorization of business models needs a broader perspective beyond the typical ‘value creation, value capture’ rubric to better understand the wider role such models have in meeting societal goals, and to understand the structural impediments to organizational and technical innovation.

Thomas Budde Christensen; Peter Wells; Liana Cipcigan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Viscosity of alumina nanoparticles dispersed in car engine coolant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present paper, describes our experimental results on the viscosity of the nanofluid prepared by dispersing alumina nanoparticles (<50 nm) in commercial car coolant. The nanofluid prepared with calculated amount of oleic acid (surfactant) was tested to be stable for more than 80 days. The viscosity of the nanofluids is measured both as a function of alumina volume fraction and temperature between 10 and 50 C. While the pure base fluid display Newtonian behavior over the measured temperature, it transforms to a non-Newtonian fluid with addition of a small amount of alumina nanoparticles. Our results show that viscosity of the nanofluid increases with increasing nanoparticle concentration and decreases with increase in temperature. Most of the frequently used classical models severely under predict the measured viscosity. Volume fraction dependence of the nanofluid viscosity, however, is predicted fairly well on the basis of a recently reported theoretical model for nanofluids that takes into account the effect of Brownian motion of nanoparticles in the nanofluid. The temperature dependence of the viscosity of engine coolant based alumina nanofluids obeys the empirical correlation of the type: log ({mu}{sub nf}) = A exp(BT), proposed earlier by Namburu et al. (author)

Kole, Madhusree; Dey, T.K. [Thermophysical Measurements Laboratory, Cryogenic Engineering Centre, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721 302 (India)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: Third Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Review of the Research Program of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership: Third Report Agency/Company /Organization: National Academies Press Focus Area: Vehicles Topics: Best Practices Website: www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=12939 This report reviews the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership, a public-private partnership focusing on the high-risk, pre-competitive research needed to develop clean, energy efficient vehicle and infrastructure technologies to transform the personal transportation system. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Improve - Enhance infrastructure & policies Learn more about the avoid, shift, improve framework for limiting air

227

THURSDAY: Secretary Chu Welcomes Students and Tours Vehicles at EcoCAR's  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

THURSDAY: Secretary Chu Welcomes Students and Tours Vehicles at THURSDAY: Secretary Chu Welcomes Students and Tours Vehicles at EcoCAR's Finish Line THURSDAY: Secretary Chu Welcomes Students and Tours Vehicles at EcoCAR's Finish Line June 15, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - On Thursday, June 16, 2011, Energy Secretary Steven Chu will welcome the sponsors and 16 student teams participating in EcoCAR: the NeXt Challenge, a three-year collegiate student engineering competition that focuses on advanced vehicle technologies that minimize fuel consumption and emissions, to the Finish Line at the U.S. Department of Energy in Washington, D.C. At the Finish Line, Secretary Chu will tour the vehicles on display and speak with the students who engineered and built them. The winner of the overall competition will be announced at the EcoCAR

228

CarBen Version 3: Multisector Carbon Dioxide Emissions Accounting Tool |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CarBen Version 3: Multisector Carbon Dioxide Emissions Accounting Tool CarBen Version 3: Multisector Carbon Dioxide Emissions Accounting Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: CarBen Version 3: Multisector Carbon Dioxide Emissions Accounting Tool Focus Area: Geothermal Power Topics: Policy, Deployment, & Program Impact Website: www.netl.doe.gov/energy-analyses/refshelf/PubDetails.aspx?Action=View& Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/carben-version-3-multisector-carbon-d Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance The CarBen model enables users to conduct wedge anlayses of scenarios for mitigating U.S. greenhouse gas emissions. The spreadsheet-based tool relies upon expert opinion for scenario formulation and is not intended to be used

229

Emissions and Experiences with E85 Converted Cars in the BEST Project |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Emissions and Experiences with E85 Converted Cars in the BEST Project Emissions and Experiences with E85 Converted Cars in the BEST Project Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Emissions and Experiences with E85 Converted Cars in the BEST Project Agency/Company /Organization: BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: www.best-europe.org/upload/BEST_documents/info_documents/Best%20report The BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport (BEST) project converted vehicles from petrol to E85, exploring the possibilities, advantages, and any difficulties. Several suggestions are presented for how converted cars may be incorporated into Swedish government financial incentives. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies: Shift - Change to low-carbon modes

230

Fact #557: February 9, 2009 Change in New Car Dealerships by State  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

From 2007 to 2008 the total number of new car dealerships in the U.S. declined by 430 dealerships or about 2%. During this period, most states lost dealerships while 10 states remained the same or...

231

Rockets 2 Race Cars Teacher Program at the Kentucky Speedway (NASA)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Register here. Go Green Edition / The Heat is ON! Get your students revved up about science, technology, engineering and mathematics with NASA's Rockets 2 Race Cars STEM Education program....

232

CO2 Changes from the Increasing Percentage of Diesel Passenger Cars in Norway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The changes in CO2 emissions are calculated for different percentages of Diesel penetration in the Norwich market. ... The majority of the EU and Norwich markets corresponds to four classes:? “economic”, “small car”, “lower medium”, and “upper medium”. ...

Efthimios Zervas; Georgios Bikas

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

A method for perceptual evaluation of products by naive subjects: application to car engine sounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

studies have been carried out on diesel motor sounds: firstly, the panel of experts of a car maker made. Introduction In today's highly competitive markets, developing new products that satisfy consumers' needs

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

234

NREL: News - Winners for NREL's 24th Solar and Lithium Ion Car...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

batteries used in the competition are supplied by the DOE and teams purchase authorized solar panels, then design and build the rest of their cars themselves. Solar and lithium...

235

Development of an 800-V Electric Car with Rear-Wheel Drive  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increasing the voltage level in the traction power network is an evident and reasonable development step in producing sporty and powerful electric cars. Therefore, the engineers at AVL are ... with 1200-V IGBT te...

Dr.-Ing. Armin Engstle; Dipl.-Ing. Mathias Deiml…

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Overview of FreedomCAR & Fuels Partnership/DOE Delivery Program...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

on FreedomCAR & Fuells Partnership for the DOE Hydrogen Delivery High-Pressure Tanks and Analysis Project Review Meeting held February 8-9, 2005 at Argonne National...

237

Redesigning experimental equipment for determining peak pressure in a simulated tank car transfer line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When liquids are transported from storage tanks to tank cars, improper order of valve openings can cause pressure surges in the transfer line. To model this phenomenon and predict the peak pressures in such a transfer line, ...

Diaz, Richard A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Fact #575: June 15, 2009 Diesel Car Sales in Europe Still Over 50% in 2008  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

More than half of all cars sold in Western Europe since 2006 are fueled by diesel. The overall share of diesel sales, however, declined slightly from 2007 to 2008. Belgium, France, and the United...

239

The Future of Manufacturing Takes Shape: 3D Printed Car on Display...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Courtesy of Local Motors Carbon Fiber Pellets 4 of 6 Carbon Fiber Pellets Pellets of plastic mixed with carbon fiber were used in the production process of the 3D-printed car....

240

Performance Comparison of Hydrogen Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine Racing Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Students from RMIT University and the University of Applied Sciences Ingolstadt have collaborated to build a hydrogen-powered racing car. As part of the initial conceptual design ... lap simulation was developed ...

G. Pearson; M. Leary; A. Subic; J. Wellnitz

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors (like a butterly, no bleaching after 5 years Miami) #12;Nanotechnology on our Desktops Hard Disk Sensor Medium

Himpsel, Franz J.

242

Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 1975, cars were just over 80% of light vehicle production. From the early 1980s to 2005, light trucks were an increasing share of the light vehicles produced. The share of sport utility vehicles...

243

Ohio State University Races to the Finish as the Winner of EcoCAR 2  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

After three years of intense competition, the team from Ohio State University takes first place in EcoCAR 2 for its energy-efficient, consumer-ready alternative fuel vehicle design.

244

Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

classification does not include pickups, vans, or sport-utility vehicles. Fact 856 Dataset Supporting Information Share of Survey Respondents Who WOULD Buy Their Car Again 1-3...

245

Cars and the City: An Investigation of Transportation and Residential Location Choices in New York City  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Higher subway line availability raises the utility of thatof subway lines near home rises, the utility of alternativesof subway lines at home reduces the utility of owning a car

Salon, Deborah

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Optimal driving strategy for a solar car on a level road  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......energy may be stored in batteries. The cars start the race in Darwin with full batteries-- enough energy to travel...40 FIG. II. Predicted battery energy profile for the 1993...velocities to the minimization of fuel consumption in the control......

PHIL HOWLETT; PETER PUDNEY; TANIA TARNOPOLSKAYA; DAVID GATES

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) Microscopy for Three-Dimensional Flow Characterization in Microfluidics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The diffusion of mixing species inside of microchannels, as measured by CARS microscopy, is related to the flow field for the purpose of resolving non-symmetric velocity profiles.

Schafer, Dawn N; Squier, Jeff; Müller, Michiel; Bonn, Mischa; Van Maarseveen, Jan

248

Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The median age of cars and trucks in the U.S. continued to grow in 2008. Due to the economic climate and high gasoline prices that summer, consumers held onto their vehicles longer and delayed new...

249

Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014 fotw847web.xlsx More Documents & Publications Fact 848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of...

250

Linings with optimum heat-emission surfaces for cars receiving and transporting incandescent coke  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The least reliable components of the cars which receive and transport incandescent coke are the lining plates. This applies to both the quenching cars used for wet quenching and the hot-coke cars used in the dry cooling process. Technical advances have been described whereby the life of car linings is prolonged by increasing heat emission from the lining plate surfaces. As the heat emission level is enhanced the mean plate temperature is lowered and the lining life thereby prolonged; moreover, the between-servicings period is prolonged. This involves providing fins on the non-working (outer) plate surfaces. The problem of optimizing the size and shape of the fins with reference to heat emission remains unsolved: the requirement is maximum heat emission from plates of a given weight, or conversely minimum plate weight for a given heat emission level. 6 refs., 3 figs.

Kotlyar, B.D.; Pleshkov, P.I.; Gadyatskii, V.G. [and others

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

251

Fact #647: November 1, 2010 Sales Shifting from Light Trucks to Cars  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

From 2005 to 2009 light vehicle sales have gradually shifted toward cars over light trucks. The graph below shows this trend broken down by the major manufacturers. This trend is more evident among...

252

3D-Printed Car by Local Motors - The Strati | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

on the screen, along with the words "3DPrintedCar." The video continues to show the 3D printing process high speed, interspersed with diagrams of the Strati and close-up images of...

253

Electric vehicle’s energy consumption of car-following models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we use the optimal velocity model, full velocity difference model, full velocity and acceleration difference model, and the car-following model with consideration of the traffic interruption probab...

Shichun Yang; Cheng Deng; Tieqiao Tang; Yongsheng Qian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Model Year 2013-2014 SmartWay Small Cars Year Model Displ Cyl  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Small Cars Small Cars Year Model Displ Cyl Trans Drive Fuel Sales Area Stnd Stnd Description Underhood ID Veh Class Smog Rating City MPG Hwy MPG Cmb MPG Greenhouse Gas Rating SmartWay 2013 ACURA ILX 1.5 4 SCV-7 2WD Gasoline FC B3 Federal Tier 2 Bin 3 DHNXV01.5WF2 small car 7 39 38 38 9 yes 2013 ACURA ILX 1.5 4 SCV-7 2WD Gasoline FA B2 Federal Tier 2 Bin 2 DHNXV01.5YD2 small car 8 39 38 38 9 yes 2013 ACURA ILX 1.5 4 SCV-7 2WD Gasoline CA PZEV California PZEV DHNXV01.5YD2 small car 9 39 38 38 9 yes 2013 ACURA ILX 2 4 SemiAuto-5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHNXV02.0CB2 small car 6 24 35 28 7 yes 2013 ACURA TSX 2.4 4 SemiAuto-5 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DHNXV02.4DB3 small car 6 22 31 26 7 yes 2013 AUDI A4 2 4 Man-6 4WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DADXV02.03UB small car 6 22 32 26 7 yes 2013 AUDI A4 2 4 SCV-8 2WD Gasoline CA U2 California LEV-II ULEV DADXV02.03UB

255

Why Preparing Your Car For Winter Is a Good Idea (An Anecdote) | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Why Preparing Your Car For Winter Is a Good Idea (An Anecdote) Why Preparing Your Car For Winter Is a Good Idea (An Anecdote) Why Preparing Your Car For Winter Is a Good Idea (An Anecdote) February 23, 2010 - 5:30am Addthis Drew Bittner Web Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy This past month, we celebrated my little daughter's first birthday-which meant a trip from Virginia to New Jersey. Ordinarily, this isn't a major effort, but this was on the verge of the big snow storm on February 5. Naturally, we were a bit concerned about our travel prospects. I'm originally from Wisconsin and know what winter can do to a car and its passengers. That's why we took some care to prepare our car for what might have been truly horrifying driving. The tires on our car are new but we checked the air pressure anyway, just to be sure they were properly

256

Do tax incentives affect households? adoption of ‘green’ cars? A panel study of the Stockholm congestion tax  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Policymakers have made several attempts to introduce local and national policies to reduce CO2 emissions and stimulate the consumer adoption of alternative fuel vehicles (ethanol/E85 cars). The purpose of this paper is to analyze how a local policy measure impacts the composition of the car fleet over time. More specifically, we take advantage of the natural experiment setting caused by the introduction of the Stockholm congestion tax (2006) to analyze how the tax affected purchases of ethanol cars that were exempted from the tax. To estimate effects, we employ a Difference-in-differences methodology. By using a comprehensive database of the car fleet and car owners, sociodemographic and geographic factors are analyzed, which is unique in the existing literature. Our results suggest that the congestion tax had a significant impact on ethanol car purchases although the effect fades away over time. Furthermore, there is a positive relationship between the level of education and ethanol car purchases. Previous adoption of an ethanol car is found to be the strongest predictor of ethanol car purchases. Finally, data indicate that Stockholmers substantially increased purchases of ethanol cars half a year before the introduction of the congestion tax, which we refer to as an anticipation effect.

Andrea Mannberg; Johan Jansson; Thomas Pettersson; Runar Brännlund; Urban Lindgren

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1991  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aggregate Aggregate Ratio: See Mean and Ratio Estimate. AMPD: Average miles driven per day. See Appendix B, "Estimation Methodologies." Annual Vehicle Miles Traveled: See Vehicle Miles Traveled. Automobile: Includes standard passenger car, 2-seater car and station wagons; excludes passenger vans, cargo vans, motor homes, pickup trucks, and jeeps or similar vehicles. See Vehicle. Average Household Energy Expenditures: A ratio estimate defined as the total household energy expenditures for all RTECS households divided by the total number of households. See Ratio Estimate, and Combined Household Energy Expenditures. Average Number of Vehicles per Household: The average number of vehicles used by a household for personal transportation during 1991. For this report, the average number of vehicles per household is computed as the ratio of the total number of vehicles to the

258

If Cars Were More Efficient Would We Use Less Fuel?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

so large that not much gasoline is saved, and other problemsStates Have the Right Gasoline Tax? ” American Economicprice elasticity of gasoline declined, but only modestly (

Small, Kenneth A.; Dender, Kurt Van

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Porcine adenovirus serotype 3 internalization is independent of CAR and ?v?3 or ?v?5 integrin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nonhuman adenoviruses including porcine adenovirus serotype 3 (PAd3) are emerging vectors for gene delivery. \\{PAd3\\} efficiently transduces human and murine cells in culture, and circumvents preexisting humoral immunity in humans. The coxsackievirus–adenovirus receptor (CAR) serves as a primary receptor and ?v?3 or ?v?5 integrin as a secondary receptor for several human adenovirus (HAd) subtypes including HAd5. In this study, we deduced the role of CAR, ?v?3 or ?v?5 integrin in \\{PAd3\\} internalization. Transduction experiments were conducted in human mammary epithelial (MCF-10A) cells using replication-defective PAd-GFP (PAd3 vector expressing green fluorescent protein [GFP]) and HAd-GFP (HAd5 vector expressing GFP). MCF-10A cells were treated with or without anti-human CAR, or anti-?v?3 or anti-?v?5 integrin antibodies prior to infection with HAd-GFP or PAd-GFP. Significant (P CAR- as well as ?v?3 or ?v?5 integrin-independent and the primary receptor for \\{HAd5\\} and \\{PAd3\\} were distinct. CAR- and ?v?3 or ?v?5 integrin-independent entry of \\{PAd3\\} vectors may have implications in targeting cell types that are not efficiently transduced by other adenoviral vectors.

Dinesh S. Bangari; Suresh K. Mittal

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Promoting Clean Cars: Case Study of Stockholm and Sweden | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Promoting Clean Cars: Case Study of Stockholm and Sweden Promoting Clean Cars: Case Study of Stockholm and Sweden Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Promoting Clean Cars: Case Study of Stockholm and Sweden Agency/Company /Organization: BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: www.best-europe.org/upload/BEST_documents/incentives/D.5.12%20Promotin In this report, the work with clean vehicles and fuels and especially the incentives used both on a national level in Sweden and on a local level in Stockholm has been evaluated. The report is also filled with facts and figures describing the impressive development in Sweden and Stockholm within the field of clean vehicles and fuels. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Middle School Electric Car Competition | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Electric Car Competition Electric Car Competition National Science Bowl® (NSB) NSB Home About National Science Bowl Contacts Regional Science Bowl Coordinators National Science Bowl FAQ's Alumni Past National Science Bowl Winners Past National Science Bowl Photos National Science Bowl Logos High School Middle School Attending National Event Volunteers 2013 Competition Results News Media WDTS Home Contact Information National Science Bowl® U.S. Department of Energy SC-27/ Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: 202-586-6702 E: National.Science.Bowl@science.doe.gov 2012 Competition Results Middle School Electric Car Competition Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Final Results Team Time (s) Rank Daniel Wright Middle School 5.96 1 Treasure Valley Math & Science 6.42 2

262

From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life October 17, 2011 - 11:02am Addthis An illustration of the 2011 Chevy Volt, whose lithium-ion battery is based on technology developed at Argonne National Laboratory. | Image courtesy of General Motors. An illustration of the 2011 Chevy Volt, whose lithium-ion battery is based on technology developed at Argonne National Laboratory. | Image courtesy of General Motors. John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs The work at Argonne ends up in the hands of taxpayers who paid for research Jeff Chamberlain, head of battery R&D for Argonne National Lab Years of conducting advanced research in both the private and public

263

National Junior Solar Sprint & Other Car Competition Regional Host Sites  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Junior Solar Sprint & Other Car Competition Regional Host Sites Junior Solar Sprint & Other Car Competition Regional Host Sites Below is a list of current Junior Solar Sprint (Junior Solar Sprint) and Other Car Competition host sites for regional competitions. For information on dates and locations please contact the person listed in the area or for the entire state you are interested in. Host sites typically hold multiple competitions between several schools. Contact Linda Lung at Linda.lung@nrel.gov or (303) 275-3044 to identify or locate new host sites or the locations of individual competitions with which your school or business may be able to coordinate. Alaska Contact: Cindy Carl Address: Weston Solutions, Inc. 425 G Street, Suite 300 Anchorage, AK 99501 Phone: 907-343-2744 E-mail: cindy.carl@westonsolutions.com

264

Electric Car Featuring High-Tech Material Made in the USA Makes Its Debut |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electric Car Featuring High-Tech Material Made in the USA Makes Its Electric Car Featuring High-Tech Material Made in the USA Makes Its Debut Electric Car Featuring High-Tech Material Made in the USA Makes Its Debut September 24, 2013 - 3:01pm Addthis Carbon fiber material produced at SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers in Moses Lake, Wash. (Photo courtesy of SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers) Carbon fiber material produced at SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers in Moses Lake, Wash. (Photo courtesy of SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers) Carbon fiber under production at SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers. The facility's construction resulted in 200 jobs. (Photo courtesy of SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers) Carbon fiber under production at SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers. The facility's construction resulted in 200 jobs. (Photo courtesy of SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers)

265

EcoCAR 2 Year 1 Winners Announced! | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Year 1 Winners Announced! Year 1 Winners Announced! EcoCAR 2 Year 1 Winners Announced! May 25, 2012 - 1:21pm Addthis EcoCAR 2: Pluggin in to the Future challenges 15 universities across North America to reduce the environmental impact of a 2013 Chevrolet Malibu by minimizing the vehicles' fuel consumption and reducing its emissions while retaining the vehicle's performance, safety, and consumer appeal. | Photo by Myles Regan. EcoCAR 2: Pluggin in to the Future challenges 15 universities across North America to reduce the environmental impact of a 2013 Chevrolet Malibu by minimizing the vehicles' fuel consumption and reducing its emissions while retaining the vehicle's performance, safety, and consumer appeal. | Photo by Myles Regan. Connie Bezanson Education & Outreach Manager, Vehicle Technologies Program

266

U.S. Department of Energy Announces Two Utility Companies Join FreedomCAR  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Two Utility Companies Join Two Utility Companies Join FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership U.S. Department of Energy Announces Two Utility Companies Join FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership June 20, 2008 - 1:29pm Addthis Group to Accelerate the Delivery of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles to Market DEARBORN, Mich. - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Andy Karsner today announced the expansion of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership to include two electric utility companies - Southern California Edison and DTE Energy. The addition of these utility members will help address the technical challenges and issues associated with market introduction and acceptance of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs), furthering DOE's goal of making

267

New Funding Boosts Carbon Capture, Solar Energy and High Gas Mileage Cars  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New Funding Boosts Carbon Capture, Solar Energy and High Gas New Funding Boosts Carbon Capture, Solar Energy and High Gas Mileage Cars and Trucks New Funding Boosts Carbon Capture, Solar Energy and High Gas Mileage Cars and Trucks June 11, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON D.C. --- U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced more than $300 million worth of investments that will boost a range of clean energy technologies - including carbon capture from coal, solar power, and high efficiency cars and trucks. The move reflects the Obama Administration's commitment to a broad based strategy that will create millions of jobs while transforming the way we use and produce energy. "There's enormous potential for new jobs and reduced carbon pollution just by implementing existing technologies like energy efficiency and wind

268

Chapter 5 - DP4 – Advanced Simulation Settings: Racing Car Engine Connecting Rod  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary In developing race-winning cars, Triple Eight utilizes Autodesk Inventor and Dynamic Simulation. One of the critical design issues in developing race-winning cars is weight, as this has a considerable impact on the performance of the cars. In this design problem, one highlights the key components of the engine and demonstrates how one can make effective use of Dynamic Simulation to simulate the explosion of gases on the piston–crank assembly. In the design problem, one determines several things like the time taken for the engine speed to reach 7000 rpm, the engine torque with friction taken into account, the engine torque with friction not taken into account, and the reaction forces acting on the connecting rod.

Wasim Younis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2010 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2010 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Table of Contents Item Page Preface v Vehicle Technologies Advanced Combustion & Emissions Control * Dual-Fuel (Gasoline+Diesel) RCCI Offers High Efficiency and Low Emissions in Engines 1 * Turbocharger Technology to Deliver Better Performance and Reduced Fuel Consumption 2 * Late Intake Valve Closing Improves Tradeoff Between Diesel-Engine Smoke and NO x Emissions 3 * Modeling of Lean NO x Trap Chemistry 4 * Neutron Radiography Non-Destructive Image of EGR Cooler and DPF Build- ups 5 * Accurate Detailed Chemical Kinetic Surrogate Model for Gasoline 6 * Sources of Inefficiency Identified in Light-Duty, Low-Temperature Diesel Combustion 7 * 2010 FreedomCAR Engine Milestone for 45% Brake Thermal Efficiency Met 8

270

Apps for Vehicles: What is the OBD port in my car and what information is  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the OBD port in my car and what information is the OBD port in my car and what information is available on it? Home > Groups > Developer This question relates to energy hackathons and the OpenXC platform. More information at http://en.openei.org/wiki/Help:Energy_Hackathon_Resources Submitted by Rmckeel on 24 September, 2012 - 10:36 2 answers Points: 1 Modern automobiles are laced with a number of microcontrollers and sensors that monitor and control everything from the throttle position to the ambient air temperature. These devices communicate with each other over a wired in-vehicle network, a CAN bus. The CAN bus is one of the primary components of OBD-II, a vehicle diagnostic standard mandatory for all cars sold in the United States since 1996. The OBD-II standard sends and receives messages on the CAN bus. If you've ever watched your mechanic plug

271

http://cars9.uchicago.edu/biocars/pages/news/spps0306.html  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BioCARS News BioCARS News Generation and Use of 100 fs Hard X-ray Pulses: BioCARS Participation in the SPPS Project at SLAC/SSRL The X-ray pulse length emitted by synchrotron sources such as the APS is determined by the electron bunch pulse length, which in turn is limited to about 100ps by essential, long-term stability requirements on the electron beam. However, many interesting structural processes in hard and soft condensed matter and in biological systems occur on time scales shorter than 100 ps (Martin and Vos, 1992), which are inaccessible with existing synchrotron sources. Considerable effort has therefore been put into the development of novel ultra-fast hard X-ray sources, the most promising of which is the proposal to construct a hard X-ray free electron laser

272

From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life October 17, 2011 - 11:02am Addthis An illustration of the 2011 Chevy Volt, whose lithium-ion battery is based on technology developed at Argonne National Laboratory. | Image courtesy of General Motors. An illustration of the 2011 Chevy Volt, whose lithium-ion battery is based on technology developed at Argonne National Laboratory. | Image courtesy of General Motors. John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs The work at Argonne ends up in the hands of taxpayers who paid for research Jeff Chamberlain, head of battery R&D for Argonne National Lab Years of conducting advanced research in both the private and public

273

From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life From the Lab to the Showroom: How the Electric Car Came to Life October 17, 2011 - 11:02am Addthis An illustration of the 2011 Chevy Volt, whose lithium-ion battery is based on technology developed at Argonne National Laboratory. | Image courtesy of General Motors. An illustration of the 2011 Chevy Volt, whose lithium-ion battery is based on technology developed at Argonne National Laboratory. | Image courtesy of General Motors. John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs The work at Argonne ends up in the hands of taxpayers who paid for research Jeff Chamberlain, head of battery R&D for Argonne National Lab Years of conducting advanced research in both the private and public

274

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2007 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FreedomCAR FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2007 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Table of Contents Item Page Preface iv Vehicle Technologies Advanced Combustion & Emissions Control * Injection Timing Strongly Impacts H 2 - Air Mixing in a Direct-Injection Hydrogen Engine 1 * Demonstrated 2007 Engine Efficiency Milestone of 42% Peak Brake Thermal Efficiency 2 * Kinetic Mechanism for Diesel Lean NO x Trap Regeneration 3 * Studies of Lean NO x Trap Aftertreatment Contribute to Diesel Vehicle Commercialization 4 Electrical & Electronics * Floating Loop Inverter 5 * Sintered Die Attachment 6 * Thermal Systems Analysis for Advanced Vehicle Power Electronics 7 * High Temperature DC Bus Capacitors 8 Electrochemical Energy Storage

275

The Remarkable Environmental Rebound Effect of Electric Cars: A Microeconomic Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For FBE and HFC cars, the high capital costs cause a noteworthy decrease in environmental pressures for some indicators (negative rebound effect). ... For instance, there are approaches based on Engel curves (expenditure elasticities)(24, 25) or on the shifting of expenditure patterns between income groups. ... When the environmental profile of the product of investigation is very different from that in other sectors, rebound effects from a reallocation of expenditures can be very high, as was the case for FEP and TETP for FBE cars. ...

David Font Vivanco; Jaume Freire-González; René Kemp; Ester van der Voet

2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

276

CARS 2002 H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier, K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) CARS/Springer. All rights reserved.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CARS 2002 ­ H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier, K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors.W. Vannier, K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) © CARS/Springer. All rights reserved. 2

Wahle, Andreas

277

CARS 2002 H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) CARS/Springer. All rights reserved.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CARS 2002 ­ H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) CARS/Springer. All rights reserved. 2 2. Method 2.1. Computer

Payan, Yohan

278

CARS 2002 H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) CARS/Springer. All rights reserved.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CARS 2002 ­ H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) © CARS/Springer. All rights reserved. 756

279

CARS 2002 H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) CARS/Springer. All rights reserved. Segmentation of microcalcification in X-ray mammograms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CARS 2002 ­ H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors) CARS/Springer. All rights

Joskowicz, Leo

280

CARS 2002 H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber CARS/Springer. All rights reserved.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CARS 2002 ­ H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J.H.C. Reiber (Editors is extracted based on the #12;CARS 2002 ­ H.U. Lemke, M.W. Vannier; K. Inamura, A.G. Farman, K. Doi & J

Louisville, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Power Electronics Design of a Solar Powered In-car Wireless Tag for Asset Tracking and Parking Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Electronics Design of a Solar Powered In-car Wireless Tag for Asset Tracking and Parking and testing of a power conditioning circuit for a solar powered in-car wireless tag for asset tracking. A suitable solar cell was chosen for its high power density. Charging circuit, hysteresis control circuit

282

Experimental Validation of a Numerical Controller Using Convex Optimization with Linear Matrix Inequalities on a Quarter-Car Suspension System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the transfer function from the road disturbance to the actuating effort with the change in the sprung mass of the quarter-car system. The quarter-car system makes use of a linear brushless permanent magnet motor (LBPMM) as an actuator, a linear variable...

Chintala, Rohit

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

283

3 Carbide Precipitation Carbides are largely responsible for the commercial failure of many of the early  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1. Transition carbides, such as and the various orthorhombic forms listed in Table 3.1, only form because Precipitation 64 Table 3.1 Carbides in bainite or in tempered bainite. Fe, M/C is the ratio of metal to car- bon3 Carbide Precipitation Carbides are largely responsible for the commercial failure of many

Cambridge, University of

284

The design of electric motor car's body network based on CAN-bus distributed control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CAN-bus is a typical bus control technology, and is now widely applied in many areas. In view of the characteristics of the electric vehicle body, this paper puts forward a plan that applies CAN-bus technology to build electric vehicle body network. ... Keywords: CAN bus, distributed control, electric car and body network

Wang Jianfeng; Wang Dafang; Xiong Jie

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Sound-insulation layer modelling in car computational vibroacoustics in the medium-frequency range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sound-insulation layer modelling in car computational vibroacoustics in the medium-frequency range In a previous article, a simplified low- and medium-frequency model for un- certain automotive sound-insulation. In this paper, the insulation simplified model is implemented in an in- dustrial stochastic vibroacoustic model

Boyer, Edmond

286

Two Billion Cars: What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

April 13, 2009: Daniel Sperling, director of the Institute of Transportation Studies at UC Davis, presents the next installment of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Divisions Distinguished Lecture series. He discusses Two Billion Cars and What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy.

Daniel Sperling

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

287

Hyundai Motor shows ix35 Fuel Cell car can be used to grow food  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Korean automaker Hyundai Motor Company recently unveiled a unique piece of design theatre that aims to educate people about the real-life benefits of hydrogen fuel cell technology. The Hyundai Fuel Cell Farm – the world's first aquaponics ecosystem powered by Hyundai's zero-emission ix35 Fuel Cell car – was on display for one day in front of the Design Museum in London.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

The Effect of Monetary Incentives on Sales of Advanced Clean Cars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-scale commercialization of zero emission vehicles-- both hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) and plug-in electric vehiclesThe Effect of Monetary Incentives on Sales of Advanced Clean Cars in the United States: Summary a transformation of the transportation sector to vehicles and fuels that have low-to-zero lifecycle emissions

California at Davis, University of

289

A Clustering-Assisted Regression (CAR) approach for developing spatial climate data sets in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Clustering-Assisted Regression (CAR) approach for developing spatial climate data sets in China t There is an increasing demand for improving spatial resolution of climate data. However, an increase in resolution does spatial data of monthly mean temperature and monthly precipitation at a national scale in mainland China

Pittendrigh, Barry

290

CRC fuel rating program: road octane performance of oxygenates in 1982 model cars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Because of the widespread interest in the use of alcohols and ethers as gasoline blending components, this program was conducted to evaluate the effects of several oxygenates on gasoline octane performance and to evaluate the effects of car design features such as engine and transmission type. Five oxygenates were evaluated at two nominal concentrations, 5 and 10 volume%, at both regular- and premium-grade octane levels: methanol (MeOH), ethanol (ETOH), isopropanol (IPA), tertiary butanol (TBA), and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE). A blend of 5% MeOH and 5 percent TBA was also tested at both octane levels. Twenty-eight unleaded fuels, including four hydrocarbon fuels, two hydrocarbon fuels plus toluene, and twenty-two oxygenated fuels, were rated in duplicate in thirty-eight cars using the Modified Uniontown Technique (CRC Designation F-28-75 described in Appendix C), plus some additional instructions. All testing was done on chassis dynamometers. Ratings were obtained at full throttle with all thirty-eight cars, and at the most critical part-throttle condition (occurring with manifold vacuum of 4 in. Hg (13.5 kPa) or greater above the full-throttle vacuum) with nine cars.

Not Available

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Project Information Form Project Title Eco-Driving to Reduce Emissions Cars (Behavioral Focus)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Source(s) and Amounts Provided (by each agency or organization) USDOT $34,618.33 Total Project Cost $34Project Information Form Project Title Eco-Driving to Reduce Emissions ­ Cars (Behavioral Focus Description of Research Project The purpose of this review is to provide energy and environment policy makers

California at Davis, University of

292

Solvation Structure of Hydroxyl Radical by Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Car?Parrinello molecular dynamics simulations of a hydroxyl radical in liquid water have been performed. ... A hydrogen bond between the two waters is formed and the first water molecule is pushed toward the hydroxyl. ... The resulting velocity autocorrelation power spectra calculated separately for the atomic species from the hydroxyl and from the water molecules are shown in Figure 12. ...

Julia M. Khalack; Alexander P. Lyubartsev

2004-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

293

A RECOGNITION SYSTEM THAT USES SACCADES TO DETECT CARS FROM REAL-TIME VIDEO STREAMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for vehicle detection [3, 4], our approach does not rely on motion information, and the system can detect bothA RECOGNITION SYSTEM THAT USES SACCADES TO DETECT CARS FROM REAL-TIME VIDEO STREAMS Predrag ABSTRACT In this work we present a system for detection of ob- jects from video streams based on properties

294

Two Billion Cars: What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

April 13, 2009: Daniel Sperling, director of the Institute of Transportation Studies at UC Davis, presents the next installment of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Divisions Distinguished Lecture series. He discusses Two Billion Cars and What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy.

Daniel Sperling

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

295

Strong permanent magnets provide a backbone technology required many products, including computers, electric cars, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, electric cars, and wind-powered generators. Currently, the strongest permanent magnets contain rare earth for most technologies requiring permanent magnets, due to their high energy product and coercivity. However, and the extreme price volatility in recent years have led scientists to seek alternative formulas for permanent

McQuade, D. Tyler

296

THE JOURNAL OF WORLD TRANSPORT POLICY & PRACTICE 10. CarLink -A smart carsharing system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shaheen, CarLink Project Manager Editor's Note: The author of this piece is today intensely involved, here she is as entrepreneur and managerbehind an ambitious carsharing project. This is a report on the first months of their experience and goals for the future. Introduction Carsharing organizations, which

Kammen, Daniel M.

297

Virtual Ergonomic Assessment of First Saudi Arabian Designed Car in a Semi-Immersive Environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract During the last decade human factors is drawing more attention in the design, engineering, production, and maintenance of new industrial products especially in automotive industry. Ergonomic quality is becoming a critical criterion for the success of many products. Recently, virtual reality (VR) technique is widely applied during different phases of product development. The use of VR allows designer reducing the production of physical prototypes that are very expensive and requires long production time. Virtual humans are used in the automotive industry especially for ergonomic analysis of a virtual prototype of a car. In this research work, an ergonomic assessment for first Saudi Arabian Car known has been performed. CATIA V5 human builder module was used to develop the virtual humans of American male 50 and 95 percentile, which were utilized to carry out the ergonomic analysis of driver's seat. The main goal of the research is to develop a virtual environment (VE) that allow designers and engineer to evaluate the car interiors and driver's seat position using the digital mock-up instead of building the physical prototype, having a virtual validation of the project, in its early development phases. A successful ergonomics assessment has been performed on the digital model of the car in a semi-immersive virtual environment and recommendations were made for the driver's seat position based on the assessment.

Mustufa H. Abidi; A.M. El-Tamimi; A.M. Al-Ahmari; S.M. Darwish; M.S. Rasheed

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Homing a Teleoperated Car using Monocular SLAM Nuno Ribeiro, Ricardo Ferreira, Jos Gaspar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

possible the communication between the user's pc, the Axis camera and the Arduino; and (iii) Design- ing and Software Setup A car is assembled based in a network (IP) camera, one Arduino Uno, one Motor Shield and two with the objective of processing user's instructions and sends the corresponding signals to the Arduino board. Once

Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

299

CARS, GAS, AND POLLUTION POLICIES Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CARS, GAS, AND POLLUTION POLICIES Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Gasoline Taxes, reduc- ing automobile-related gasoline consumption has become a major U.S. public policy issue. Recently, many analysts have called for new or more stringent policies to discourage gasoline consumption

Boyer, Edmond

300

Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition April 3, 2012 Designing and elementary school teams from around New Mexico participated in the annual Hydrogen Fuel Cell Challenge - Tommy Rockward, of LANL's Sensors and Electromechanical Devices group, demonstrated a hydrogen fuel-cell

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Future energy and emissions policy scenarios in Ireland for private car transport  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we use a technological model of Ireland's future car stock to simulate the impact of a range of policy measures on the baseline trend in energy demand in the period to 2030. The policies and measures modelled comprise meeting deployment targets for electric vehicles and compressed natural gas vehicles, an EU regulation for the improvement of vehicle efficiency, implementation of a national biofuel obligation, as well as several behavioural measures (encouraging modal shifting and reduced travel demand). The impact of the different measures simulated is measured in terms of their contribution to meeting Ireland's ambitious targets for energy savings, for renewable energy penetration and for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reductions. The results point to a possible improvement of 32% in car stock efficiency, the achievement of 7.8% renewable energy share of road and rail transport and a 22% reduction in non-ETS private car CO2 emissions relative to 2009 levels. A scenario analysis on meeting the EV penetration target shows a significant range of CO2 emissions reductions depending on the cars (and mileage) displaced and on the electricity generation portfolio.

Hannah E. Daly; Brian P. Ó Gallachóir

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

How does interior car noise alter driver's perception of motion? Multisensory integration in speed perception  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of electric motorizations brings new balance between noise sources inside the car, due to the loss of engine, electric motor sound, no sound), in two visual conditions (night and day). We found that acoustic feedback threshold of apparent motion, trajectory or speed. Automobile noise sources can give information about

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

303

Toward a Low-CarMunicipal Financing for Energy Efficiency and Solar Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toward a Low-CarMunicipal Financing for Energy Efficiency and Solar Power By Merrian C. Fuller of the Inter- governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Thus far much of the effort has been focused, such as improving energy efficiency and add- ing solar photovoltaics (PV) and solar thermal systems to buildings

Kammen, Daniel M.

304

EcoCAR 2 Teams Cruise Forward with Second Year Finals | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Teams Cruise Forward with Second Year Finals Teams Cruise Forward with Second Year Finals EcoCAR 2 Teams Cruise Forward with Second Year Finals May 20, 2013 - 5:44pm Addthis The University of Washington team works on their vehicle while lifted on a hoist. Teams are working in a garage that is fully equipped with tools that will help them make the most of their time this week. | Photo courtesy of EcoCAR 2. The University of Washington team works on their vehicle while lifted on a hoist. Teams are working in a garage that is fully equipped with tools that will help them make the most of their time this week. | Photo courtesy of EcoCAR 2. A team member from Purdue University works on a line for their vehicle’s high voltage battery. Purdue University’s vehicle is a split parallel hybrid. | Photo courtesy of EcoCAR 2.

305

(1) Lathe Design for High- and Low-Speed Steels (2) Mechanics of Engineering (3) Motor-car Mechanism and Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... which the buyer must also be able to satisfy himself before deciding to purchase an electric car. In dealing with the management of the car, the author describes two forms of ... has been given to the management of the batter}', since success in driving an electric car depends so much upon the manner in which the battery is handled. In regard ...

T. H. B.

1909-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

306

Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 2011, plug-in car sales in the U.S. were 0.28% of the U.S. car market, and grew to 0.44% of the U.S. car market in the first eight months of 2012. Western Europe has also increased their plug-in...

307

E1A, E1B Double-Restricted Adenovirus with RGD-Fiber Modification Exhibits Enhanced Oncolysis for CAR–Deficient Biliary Cancers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...adenovirus receptor (CAR) and integrins (alphavbeta3...LacZ-expressing replication-defective adenoviruses with wild-type...adenovirus receptor (CAR) and integrins (alpha...LacZ-expressing replication-defective adenoviruses with wild-type...model. Expression of CAR significantly correlated...

Mariko Wakayama; Masato Abei; Rei Kawashima; Emiko Seo; Kuniaki Fukuda; Hideo Ugai; Takehide Murata; Naomi Tanaka; Ichinosuke Hyodo; Hirofumi Hamada; and Kazunari K. Yokoyama

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

TIME-DEPENDENT PROPERTIES OF LIQUID WATER: A COMPARISON OF CAR-PARRINELLO AND BORN-OPPENHIEMER MOLECULAR DYNAMICS SIMULATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of 30 ps first principles molecular dynamics simulations in the microcanonical ensemble were carried out to investigate transport and vibrational properties of liquid water. To allow for sufficient sampling, the thermodynamic constraints were set to an elevated temperature of around 423 K and a density of 0.71 g/cm{sup 3} corresponding to the saturated liquid density for the Becke-Lee-Yang-Parr (BLYP) representation of water. Four simulations using the Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics (CPMD) technique with varying values of the fictitious electronic mass ({mu}) and two simulations using the Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics (BOMD) technique are analyzed to yield structural and dynamical information. At the selected state point, the simulations are found to exhibit non-glassy dynamics and yield consistent results for the liquid structure and the self-diffusion coefficient, although the statistical uncertainties in the latter quantity are quite large. Consequently, it can be said that the CPMD and BOMD methods produce equivalent results for these properties on the time scales reported here. However, it was found that the choice of {mu} affects the frequency spectrum of the intramolecular modes, shifting them slightly to regions of lower frequency. Using a value of {mu} = 400 a.u. results in a significant drift in the electronic kinetic energy of the system over the course of 30 ps and a downward drift in the ionic temperature. Therefore, for long trajectories at elevated temperatures, lower values of this parameter are recommended for CPMD simulations of water.

Kuo, I W; Mundy, C; McGrath, M; Siepmann, J I

2005-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

309

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FreedomCAR FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Table of Contents Item Page Preface iv Vehicle Technologies Advanced Combustion & Emissions Control * Hydrogen Engine Achieves 45% Efficiency 1 * A Detailed Picture of Exhaust Gas Recirculation Effects on HCCI Operation Developed 2 * A Predictive Model Developed for Spark Assisted HCCI Combustion 3 * Understanding Lean NO x Trap (LNT) Sulfur Tolerance 4 Electrical & Electronics * Direct Back-Side Cooling of Power Electronics 5 * High Temperature SOI Gate Driver 6 * Advanced DC to DC Converter 7 * High Temperature Polymer DC Bus Capacitors 8 Electrochemical Energy Storage * NCA-Based Li-ion Battery Packs Delivered 9 * Airless Spray Deposited Ceramic Separator 10

310

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Table of Contents Item Page Preface iii Vehicle Technologies Advanced Combustion & Emissions Control * Model of 3D Diesel Particulate Filter Shows Location Where Soot Collects 1 * High-Efficiency, Low-Emission Combustion Achieved at Modal Test Conditions Relevant for Small-Car FTP 2 * KIVA Enhanced for Faster Computations and HCCI Combustion 3 * Durability of a DOC-UREA SCT-DPF System for a Light-Duty Truck Studied for 120,000 Miles 4 Electrical & Electronics * DC/DC Converter for Fuel Cell and Hybrid Vehicles 5 * Silicon-Silicon Carbide Hybrid Inverter 6 Electrochemical Energy Storage * New High-Power Cell Chemistry Identified 7 * Gap Analysis Software Developed 8

311

Influence of Oxidized Biodiesel Blends on Regulated and Unregulated Emissions from a Diesel Passenger Car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Few studies are available on modern passenger cars, employed common-rail engine systems, and after-treatment technologies, and even fewer studies report results, which are not necessarily representative of actual driving conditions, making it difficult to assess the fuel impact on diesel car fleet emissions. ... Although gasoline engines are expected to be replaced by hydrogen-powered fuel cells, compression-ignition engines, the diesel engines, are expected to remain in use for high-power applications because of limitations of hydrogen-storage densities. ... transesterification and sequential esterification-transesterification, followed by washing in water in both cases, in order to set out the most suitable operational conditions to achieve the highest FAME percentage in the shortest time. ...

Georgios Karavalakis; Evangelos Bakeas; Stamos Stournas

2010-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

312

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2009 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FreedomCAR FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2009 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Table of Contents Item Page Preface iv Vehicle Technologies Advanced Combustion & Emissions Control * High Efficiency Clean Combustion (HECC) Shows Potential to Reduce Fuel Penalty for Diesel Particulate Control by 25% 1 * E85 Engine Achieves Greater Torque and Similar Fuel Economy Compared to a Larger Diesel Engine 2 * Simulations Provide New Insight into the Potential Benefits and Limitations of Compression Ignition Engines in Hybrid Vehicles 3 * Understanding of Lean NO x Trap Chemistry Enables Improved On-Board Diagnostics 4 * Fuel Injector Motion Linked to Structure of Spray 5 * Boosted Gasoline HCCI Achieves 2x Load Increase over Previous Best 6

313

Proton Transport in Triflic Acid Hydrates Studied via Path Integral Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Proton Transport in Triflic Acid Hydrates Studied via Path Integral Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics ... The mono-, di-, and tetrahydrates of trifluoromethanesulfonic acid, which contain characteristic H3O+, H5O2+, and H9O4+ structures, provide model systems for understanding proton transport in materials with high perfluorosulfonic acid density such as perfluorosulfonic acid membranes commonly employed in hydrogen fuel cells. ... Hydrogen is described as a promising future fuel if the fuel cell technol. ...

Robin L. Hayes; Stephen J. Paddison; Mark E. Tuckerman

2009-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

314

Cisplatin Binding to DNA Oligomers from Hybrid Car-Parrinello/Molecular Dynamics Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The first-principles calculations are carried out with the Car-Parrinello approach,52 which has proven to reliably describe structure, dynamics, and electronic properties of platinum?nucleotide complexes in the solid state53 as well as in water solution. ... There are more than three waters in the first solvation shell of AM1. ... The predictive power of our computational setup was investigated by constructing a structural model of platinated DNA. ...

Katrin Spiegel; Ursula Rothlisberger; Paolo Carloni

2004-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

315

Reaction Mechanism of HIV-1 Protease by Hybrid Car-Parrinello/Classical MD Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reaction Mechanism of HIV-1 Protease by Hybrid Car-Parrinello/Classical MD Simulations ... To form the hydrated intermediate, a water molecule (WAT) must attack the carbonyl carbon of SUB15,17,18,21,31 (chemical step 1). ... This result, surprising at first, can be rationalized by realizing that a fundamental ingredient of HIV-1 PR catalytic power is the low polarity of the cleavage site environment15 that destabilizes the negatively charged Asp dyad. ...

Stefano Piana; Denis Bucher; Paolo Carloni; Ursula Rothlisberger

2004-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

316

Chaotic Vibration of a Quarter-Car Model Excited by the Road Surface Profile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Melnikov criterion is used to examine a global homoclinic bifurcation and transition to chaos in the case of a quarter car model excited kinematically by the road surface profile. By analyzing the potential an analytic expression is found for the homoclinic orbit. By introducing an harmonic excitation term and damping as perturbations, the critical Melnikov amplitude of the road surface profile is found, above which the system can vibrate chaotically.

Grzegorz Litak; Marek Borowiec; Michael I. Friswell; Kazimierz Szabelski

2006-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

317

Capturing the Usage of the German Car Fleet for a One Year Period to Evaluate the Suitability of Battery Electric Vehicles – A Model based Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The low driving range of battery electric vehicles (BEV) is often considered as relevant reason for the low BEV sales. In order to verify this assumption, the usage of conventional cars in Germany needs to be analyzed. These analyses may help to make more reliable and realistic statements to what extent German cars could be replaced by \\{BEVs\\} without restrictions for their users. Most travel surveys do only consider a single day or a short period of time in the analysis. Longer time periods should be taken into consideration when analyzing the travel data since the daily car usage is not identical every day. Since there are no representative and detailed car usage surveys over longer periods available a hybrid car usage model was developed to close that gap. This model is mainly based on three mobility surveys: the German Mobility Panel (MOP), the car mileage and fuel consumption survey, and the long distance travel survey INVERMO. We show that 13% of the modeled German private car fleet never exceeds 100 km per day during a full year and could be replaced by \\{BEVs\\} without any usage restrictions for their car owners. Another 16% of the modeled private car fleet is driven more than 100 km on 1-4 days during a full year and can be substituted with slight adjustments. These cars are often second cars of a household and used less intensively (6,600 km/year resp. 7600 km/year) than cars not suited for BEV substitution (14,800 km/year). Households that could replace their cars tend to have a lower disposable income. The crux of the matter, however, is that substitution of conventional cars is often not feasible since the mobility budget of BEV suited households tends to be too low or does not make economic sense due to the low annual mileage.

Christine Weiss; Bastian Chlond; Michael Heilig; Peter Vortisch

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Remote keyless entry honking, convenience horn honking, and audible car alarms: redundancies and quieter options  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vehicle sound emissions car alarms and horn honking are the subject of many noise complaints. Auto manufacturers spent years engineering quieter vehicles and have created cars whose approach is so subtle that they pose a danger to blind pedestrians. But while engine noise has decreased and car alarms are less reactive horn honking that is linked with remote keyless entry (RKE) technology increasingly contributes to community noise. RKE horn noise has never been the subject of public health inquiry. In scientific literature discussion of road noise and health does not distinguish noise among separate sources and tends to measure aggregate ambient noise levels rather than impulsive noise. RKE horn noise violates state traffic laws and some local noise ordinances regarding horn use but there have been no legislative attempts to address the technology. This raises questions about whether political leaders and policy setters are not exposed to RKE noise or do not discern RKE sounds from traffic noise and are therefore unaware of it. Using available auto industry data and case studies this paper will introduce key facts about RKE horn use in the United States and Canada reviewing new technologies that render noisy counterparts still in use as redundant.

Jeanine Botta

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Remote keyless entry honking, convenience horn honking, and audible car alarms: Redundancies and quieter options  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vehicle sound emissions car alarms and horn honking are the subject of many noise complaints. Auto manufacturers spent years engineering quieter vehicles and have created cars whose approach is so subtle that they pose a danger to blind pedestrians. But while engine noise has decreased and car alarms are less reactive horn honking that is linked with remote keyless entry (RKE) technology increasingly contributes to community noise. RKE horn noise has never been the subject of public health inquiry. In scientific literature discussion of road noise and health does not distinguish noise among separate sources and tends to measure aggregate ambient noise levels rather than impulsive noise. RKE horn noise violates state traffic laws and some local noise ordinances regarding horn use but there have been no legislative attempts to address the technology. This raises questions about whether political leaders and policy setters are not exposed to RKE noise or do not discern RKE sounds from traffic noise and are therefore unaware of it. Using available auto industry data and case studies this paper will introduce key facts about RKE horn use in the United States and Canada reviewing new technologies that render noisy counterparts still in use as redundant.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Computational analysis of flow field around Ahmed car model passing underneath a flyover  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A flow structure around a ground vehicle has been studied by many researchers using numerous methods either computational or experimental. However no analysis of flow field generated by a car passing under a flyover has been carried out. One of the famous simplified models of a car is the Ahmed body that has been established to investigate the influence of the flow structure on the drag. In this paper we investigate a flow field around Ahmed body of a single cruising condition as the vehicle passes under a flyover using a computational method with RANS equation. The main objective of this paper is to evaluate the turbulence kinetic energy and velocity magnitude developed within the wall boundary created by the flyover to the air flow field that is generated by the Ahmed reference car. It was observed that the simulated airflow passes the vehicle was bounded by the wall of the flyover and consequently changes the pattern of the flow field. Understanding the characteristic of this flow field under a flyover is essential if one wants to maximize the recovery of the dissipated energy which for example can be used to power a small vertical-axis wind turbine to produce and store electrical energy for lighting under the flyover.

Md Nor Musa; Kahar Osman; Ab Malik A. Hamat

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Probing the Vibrational Relaxation of N2 and O2 by Use of CARS Spectroscopy to Model NTE-Turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NTE-preparation. The detection technique used in the experiment was coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) and variations of this laser-based technique were optimized to maximize accuracy and signal-to-noise in the vibrational relaxation...

Dean, Jacob

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

322

DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage Analysis Workshop  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On January 25, 2006, the U.S. Department of Energy, together with the FreedomCAR & Fuel Partnership, held a workshop to review and discuss ongoing hydrogen storage and delivery analysis efforts...

323

Performance Characteristics of Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Diesel in a 50-State Emissions Compliant Passenger Car  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Comparisons between CTL, GTL, no. 2, and European diesel include fuel economy, regulated and unregulated emissions in a 50 State compliant passenger car with DOC, NOx adsorber and particulate trap

324

Cover: PNNL's Photovoltaic array produces electricity for our super-computing facility and adjacent car charging stations. IN THIS REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and adjacent car charging stations. #12;IN THIS REPORT 2 Message From the Director 3 PNNL Overview 5 and greenhouse gas emissions Reducing material purchases and waste Minimizing use of water Keeping employees

325

Time-Dependent Properties of Liquid Water:? A Comparison of Car?Parrinello and Born?Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Time-Dependent Properties of Liquid Water:? A Comparison of Car?Parrinello and Born?Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics Simulations ... Dynamical information of water interacting with its local environment can be gleaned from the vibrational power spectrum. ...

I-Feng W. Kuo; Christopher J. Mundy; Matthew J. McGrath; J. Ilja Siepmann

2006-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

326

Development scenario for passenger-car diesel engines with optimised: Combustion processes to meet future emission standards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main reason why the modern supercharged direct-injection diesel engine is so successful as a means of propelling passenger cars is because it is more efficient than spark-ignition engines in nearly every o...

Jörn Kahrstedt; Kai Behnk; Ansgar Sommer; Thorsten Wormbs

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Genetic and biochemical analysis of transformation-competent, replication-defective simian virus 40 large T antigen mutants.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...transformation-competent, replication-defective simian virus 40 large T antigen...antigen which is replica- tion defective; it contains the lysine-to-glutamic...exhibited tI replication-defective phenotype in marker res ments...C8 T antigen lacks the 49 car nal amino acids and has a predicted...

M M Manos; Y Gluzman

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Multi-Period Planning for Electric Car Charging Station Locations: a Case of Korean Expressways  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract One of the most critical barriers to widespread adoption of electric cars is the lack of charging station infrastructure. Although it is expected that a sufficient number of charging stations will be constructed eventually, due to various practical reasons they may have to be introduced gradually over time. In this paper, we formulate a multi-period optimization model based on a flow-refueling location model for strategic charging station location planning. We also propose two myopic methods and develop a case study based on the real traffic flow data of the Korean Expressway network in 2011. We discuss the performance of the three proposed methods.

Sung Hoon Chung; Changhyun Kwon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Three-phase optimisation design of an electric car body at conceptual design stage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A three-phase optimisation design method is proposed in the paper. It is composed of two steps of topology optimisation and one step of size optimisation, and used for design of a mini electric car Body In White (BIW) at conceptual design stage. The method provides an opportunity to comprehend performances of the body construction under different load conditions in detail. Final result of the optimised BIW achieves 31% weight reduction with improved stiffness, strength and the first-order frequency compared with previous design.

Dafeng Jin; Jin Chen; Weiwei Qiao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Reduction of idle knock by EGR in a passenger car diesel engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to reduce the diesel idle knock, the effects of EGR on the idling characteristics were investigated on a passenger car equipped with an EGR Idle Knock Reduction System developed for practical use. It was found that EGR was effective not only for reducing idle knock but also for decreasing fuel consumption, smoke density, exhaust emissions and engine vibration. Moreover, the practical range and possibility of the EGR Idle Knock Reduction System were found by clarifying the relationship between EGR, injection timing, cooling water temperature, noise level and fuel consumption.

Fukutani, I.; Watanabe, E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Aberdeen plans extra hydrogen station, plus fuel cell vans and cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A second hydrogen refueling and storage station could be built in Aberdeen, Scotland according to a local media report in The Press and Journal. It would become part of the Aberdeen Hydrogen Project (H2 Aberdeen), which aims to establish a supply chain based around hydrogen product and service development in the city. The city council is also considering the purchase of additional hydrogen vehicles, in the form of Renault vans with fuel cell range-extenders as well as Hyundai ix35 Fuel Cell cars.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Assessing current vehicle performance and simulating the performance of hydrogen and hybrid cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A measure of the efficiency in transforming energy input into transport work is defined and applied to road vehicles as well as to sea, air and rail vehicles for passenger or freight transportation. The insight obtained with this measure is compared with the results of applying the conventional measure of kilometres per unit of energy for current fleets of vehicles. Then, simulation methods are used to assess the performance of fuel cell vehicles, electric vehicles and hybrids between the two. The latter are found to provide an optimum performance for a small, efficient passenger car.

Bent Sørensen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

An Efficient and Accurate Car-Parrinello-like Approach to Born-Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new method which combines Car-Parrinello and Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics in order to accelerate density functional theory based ab-initio simulations. Depending on the system a gain in efficiency of one to two orders of magnitude has been observed, which allows ab-initio molecular dynamics of much larger time and length scales than previously thought feasible. It will be demonstrated that the dynamics is correctly reproduced and that high accuracy can be maintained throughout for systems ranging from insulators to semiconductors and even to metals in condensed phases. This development considerably extends the scope of ab-initio simulations.

Thomas D. Kühne; Matthias Krack; Fawzi R. Mohamed; Michele Parrinello

2006-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

334

Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics Study of Anharmonic Systems:? A Mannich Base in Solution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics Study of Anharmonic Systems:? A Mannich Base in Solution ... Proton dynamics play a crucial role in many chemical, biochemical, and industrial processes1-4 because most of the properties of the water, which is the solvent in these systems, can be traced to intermolecular hydrogen bonds. ... However, there is also a fundamental reason for our choice of the atomic velocity power spectrum method; only in this way can we capture the dynamic nature of processes at the molecular level. ...

Aneta Jezierska; Jaros?aw Panek; Urban Borštnik; Janez Mavri; Dušanka Janeži?

2007-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

335

Pyrolysis Using Microwave Heating: A Sustainable Process for Recycling Used Car Engine Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pyrolysis Using Microwave Heating: A Sustainable Process for Recycling Used Car Engine Oil ... A reaction temperature of 600 °C provided the greatest yield of commercially valuable products: the recovered liquid oils were composed of light paraffins and aromatic hydrocarbons that could be used as industrial feedstock; the remaining incondensable gases comprised light hydrocarbons that could potentially be used as a fuel source to power the process. ... The pyrolysis products leave the reactor and pass through a system of three water-cooled Liebig condensers [5, 6, 7], which collect condensed hydrocarbons in main and secondary collection flasks [8, 9]. ...

Su Shiung Lam; Alan D. Russell; Howard A. Chase

2010-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

336

The history of alternative fuels in transportation: The case of electric and hybrid cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The article describes and presents a critical analysis of the long history of alternative fuels and propulsion technologies, particularly in automobile applications. Cases are electric and hybrid cars. The term “critical analysis” refers to the analysis of the various alternative technologies in relation to their societal contexts. In particular, these are the varying contexts of energy security, energy policy, environmental problems, sustainability, and also the later more explicit climate change context. This approach gives some knowledge with relevance to the current discussions on implementation issues. The work is first of all founded on the knowledge field of “Social Studies of Technological Systems”.

Karl Georg Høyer

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Model-based development and calibration of last generation diesel powertrains for passenger cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an original model-based approach to the system level development and calibration of diesel powertrains for passenger cars, implemented in a comprehensive software tool. The models for the different subsystems are coupled to execute optimisation loops, involving also the system calibration, and are characterised by flexibility of usage, limited tuning effort and reduced computational time. As an example of the general approach, the engine model is described and some results from its execution are shown and compared with the measurements. Finally, a practical example is given of the usage of the tool for system level optimisation through a specifically developed methodology.

Fabio Mallamo; Federico Millo; Luciano Rolando

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Car–Parrinello Molecular Dynamics Simulations of CaCl2 Aqueous Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(24, 25) Such ab initio molecular orbital calculations, performed at the restricted Hartree–Fock (HF) and second-order M?ller–Plesset perturbation (MP2) levels of theory and followed by natural energy decomposition analysis, emphasized the importance of polarization effects in the binding energies of M2+(H2O)n clusters. ... It shows a maximum at 3.35 D, due to the electron polarization caused by the strong electric field of the ion. ... Solution Structure of Energy Stored System I: Aqua-B(OH)4–: A DFT, Car–Parrinello Molecular Dynamics, and Raman Study ...

Teodora Todorova; Philippe H. Hünenberger; Jürg Hutter

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

339

Fact #852 December 22, 2014 Turbocharged Engines Account for 64.7% of all Four-Cylinder Gasoline Car Engines in 2014- Dataset  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Excel file with dataset for Fact #852 December 22, 2014 Turbocharged Engines Account for 64.7% of all Four-Cylinder Gasoline Car Engines in 2014

340

Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon- Dataset  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Excel file with dataset for Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Running Large Scale Jobs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Running Large Scale Jobs Running Large Scale Jobs Users face various challenges with running and scaling large scale jobs on peta-scale production systems. For example, certain...

342

Comparative study of the cutting of car interior trim panels reinforced by natural fibers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of natural fibers such as flax sisal or kenaf to reinforce plastic body panels for automotive applications is being introduced for car interior trim parts such as door panels hat shelves roofing etc. The benefits derived from using natural fibers instead of glass fibers are mainly ecological and economical. As a renewable product natural fibers have a greater environmental interest than oil based plastics. Natural fibers can be recycled and reused in a better way than glass fibers. On the other hand panels made of natural fibers have good mechanical properties but are lighter than glass fiber reinforced panels which means lower fuel consumption and therefore cost savings. The aim of this work is to explore the capabilities of lasers to effectively cut these new types of natural fiber reinforced panels. A comparison between the abrasive water jet cutting and the use of a CO 2 and Nd:YAG lasers is carried out. The experiments show that the laser can be used satisfactorily to cut the car interior panels reinforced by natural fibers.

J. Pou; M. Boutinguiza; F. Quintero; F. Lusquiños; R. Soto; M. Pérez-Amor

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Product-service systems in the electric car industry: critical success factors in marketing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the electric car industry the service component assumes considerable importance and it is a relevant factor in purchasing decisions. Therefore, proper management of the “Product-Service System” (PSS) is essential. This article aims to 1) identify the main sub-systems of the PSS in the electric car industry and 2) identify the critical success factors (CSFs) in marketing. The review of the literature led to the definition of four sub-systems: vehicle, infrastructure, on-board electronics, and energy. Based on these PSS sub-systems, organisations belonging to each sub-system were selected, and five managers were interviewed. The data were analysed using a cognitive mapping technique. Ten \\{CSFs\\} were identified, of which two belong to the vehicle sub-system (value proposition and product-service system bundle); one relates to the electronic on-board sub-system (advanced navigation systems); three relate to infrastructure sub-system (incentives, alternative transport systems and advocacy campaigns) and three belong to infrastructure and energy sub-systems (ease of use, proximity of charging point and standardisation). Finally, partnerships among players involve all the four sub-systems. Moreover, the relevance/manageability matrix offers evidence that partnerships represent a priority factor that requires immediate action from companies. The research offers a new means to identify \\{CSFs\\} by using a PSS analysis rather than taking an industry sector perspective.

Sergio Cherubini; Gennaro Iasevoli; Laura Michelini

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

The social construction of the market for electric cars in France: politics coming to the aid of economics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With so many questions being raised nowadays about the future of the global automobile industry, electric cars have tended to be viewed as an increasingly desirable sustainable solution for the sector. Encouraged by many states in Europe and across the world, this market â?? devolved from electrical technology â?? is slowly taking shape and has a serious chance of achieving future growth for the first time in its history. The present article tries to identify operational factors in the construction of the market for electric cars in France, highlighting the crucial role played by the state and public policy in the emergence of the new branch and in the construction of its demand. It also shows the definitional and symbolical conflicts which have structured debates on the future of the electric car and its commercial implications. Grasping these processes is decisive to understanding the current situation and the importance of representations on market building.

Axel Villareal

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

NE-23 List of California Sites NE-23 Hattie Car-well, SAN/NSQA Division  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

NE-23 NE-23 Hattie Car-well, SAN/NSQA Division Attached for your information is the list of California sites we identified in our search of Manhattdn Engineer District records for the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). None of the facilities listed qualified"fbr'FUSRAP:'~- The only site in California,that was included in FUSRAP was Gilman Hall on the University of California-Berkeley Campus. All California sites that are in our Surplus Facilities Management Prcgram are under San Francisco Operations and are at the Santa Susana Field Laboratory or the University of California-Davis. If you have questions on any of the sites on the list, please call me at FTS 233-5439. /ct( Andrew Walls III. Desiynation and Certification Manager

346

Technical Targets of the President's FreedomCAR and Hydrogen Fuel Initiative  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Targets of the President's Targets of the President's Freedom Car and Hydrogen Fuel Initiative Arlene Anderson Technology Development Manager US Department of Energy Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies DOE Workshop on Hydrogen Separations and Purification Technologies September 8-9, 2004 Arlington, Virginia 10/12/2004 2 Resources to Support the President's Hydrogen Fuel Initiative $77,500 $65,187 Fuel Cell Technologies : system components, stack components, fuel processors, technology validation $29,183 $0* Basic Science : production, storage and use $832 $555 Department of Transportation : safety, codes/standards $16,000 $4,889 Coal-based Hydrogen Production : gasification, gas separation $9,000 $6,377 Nuclear-based Hydrogen Production : high temperature reactions $227,840 $158,999**

347

OY Car During Normal Outburst: Balmer Emission From The Red Star And The Gas Stream  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present observations of OY Car, obtained with the Anglo-Australian Telescope, during a normal outburst in August 1991. Two sinusoidal components are resolved in the H$\\beta$ trailed spectra and we determine the location of the narrow component to be on the secondary star with a maximum contributed flux of ~2.5 per cent to the total flux. Imaging of the line distribution reveals that the other emission component is associated with the gas stream. This follows a velocity close to the ballistic one from the red star to a distance of ~0.5 R$_{L_{1}}$ from the white dwarf. This emission penetrates the accretion disc (from 0.5--0.1 R$_{L_{1}}$), with a velocity now closer (but lower) to the keplerian velocities along the path of the gas stream. We finally discuss the implications of having observed simultaneously line emission from the gas stream and the red star during outburst.

E. T. Harlaftis; T. R. Marsh

1995-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

348

OY Car in Outburst: Balmer emission from the red star and the gas stream  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present observations of OY Car, obtained with the Anglo-Australian telescope, during a normal outburst in 1991. Two sinusoidal components are resolved in the Hbeta trailed spectra and we determine the location of the narrow component to be on the secondary star with a maximum contributed flux of ~2.5 per cent to the total flux. Imaging of the line distribution reveals that the other emission component is associated with the gas stream. This follows a velocity close to the ballistic one from the red star to a distance of ~0.5 R_L1 from the white dwarf. Then. its kinematics changes from 0.5-0.2 R_L1 (accretion disc) following velocities now closer to (but lower than) the keplerian velocities along the path of the gas stream. We finally dicsuss the implications of having observed simultaneously line emission from the gas stream and the red star during outburst.

E. T. Harlaftis; T. R. Marsh

1995-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

349

Forecasting sales and product evolution: The case of the hybrid/electric car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a model that forecasts sales and product evolution, based on data on market and industry, which can be collected before the product is introduced. Product evolution can be incremental but can also take place by releasing new generations. In our model adoption of a new product is motivated by attribute improvements (enabled by technology evolution), and firms' attribute improvements strategies are motivated by market growth and directed by market preferences. The interdependency between attributes' improvements and cumulative adoption level makes the problem inherently dynamic. The dependency of attribute levels on adoption levels is assessed using industry and technology analysis. Market preferences and purchase intention response to attribute levels changes are assessed based on a conjoint study. The option of collecting and interpreting data about both demand and supply aspects, before the new product is introduced, enables us to estimate sales and technology progress endogenously rather than to require them as inputs. We demonstrate the method on the hybrid car market.

Yair Orbach; Gila E. Fruchter

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Incorporating heterogeneity to forecast the demand of new products in emerging markets: Green cars in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Emerging markets are becoming increasingly important for many companies and it is not surprising to see that an increasing number of new products, especially technology products, are now being launched in these markets fairly quickly after they are launched in Western markets. However, most of the research on forecasting demand for new products focuses on developed markets. Marketing managers in multinational companies may therefore be tempted to use models that have been applied in developed markets to forecast demand of new products in emerging markets. However, there is ample evidence that supports the contention that emerging markets are different to markets in developed economies. This research proposes a dynamic segmentation approach to forecast demand that explicitly incorporates heterogeneity of consumers within and across segments: a key distinguishing feature of emerging markets. The research is applied in the context of the Chinese green car market but can be replicated for other products and in similar market conditions.

Lixian Qian; Didier Soopramanien

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics in a Finite Homogeneous Electric Field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We introduce a variational total?energy functional to treat finite homogeneous electric fields with periodic boundary conditions and show that this functional can be implemented within a Car?Parrinello molecular dynamics scheme. The coupling to an electric field is achieved through the Berry?phase expression of the polarization. The minimization of this extended functional gives a ground state which describes the polarized state in an electric field. For a crystalline system the ground state of this extended functional preserves the Bloch symmetry. The reliability of the method is demonstrated in the case of bulk MgO for the Born effective charges and the high? and low?frequency dielectric constants. In the latter case we evaluated the static dielectric constant by performing a damped molecular dynamics in the presence of a finite electric field completely avoiding the calculation of the dynamical matrix.

P. Umari; Alfredo Pasquarello

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Taxing Car-produced Carbon Dioxide Emissions: Matching the Cure to the Disease  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions produced by cars is a linear (albeit fuel specific) function of the amount of fuel consumed. Because CO2 emissions generate social costs, through their effect on climate change, which escape the price mechanism, a tax on CO2 is indicated. An ideal tax would alter the consumer prices so that they match the marginal social costs. This setting thus calls for a specific tax on fuel equal to the value of externality resulting from the combustion of a unit of fuel. Since such tax scheme is readily available, we study to what extent the existing CO2 tax policies make use of it. We find that they do only to a limited extent. Thus our policy prescription is to drop existing CO2 taxes and use the existing fuel taxes to adjust fuel prices so that they match the marginal social costs related to burning of fuel.

Petr David; Josef Montag

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Universal flow-density relation of single-file bicycle, pedestrian and car motion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relation between flow and density, also known as the fundamental diagram, is an essential quantitative characteristic to describe the efficiency of traffic systems. We have performed experiments with single-file motion of bicycles and compare the results with previous studies for car and pedestrian motion in similar setups. In the space-time diagrams we observe three different states of motion (free flow state, jammed state and stop-and-go waves) in all these systems. Despite of their obvious differences they are described by a universal fundamental diagram after proper rescaling of space and time which takes into account the size and free velocity of the three kinds of agents. This indicates that the similarities between the systems go deeper than expected.

Zhang, Jun; Holl, Stefan; Boltes, Maik; Andresen, Erik; Schadschneider, Andreas; Seyfried, Armin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Time-of-Flight camera based 3D point cloud reconstruction of a car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Modern car wash systems are generally controlled by light barriers and power measurement sensors. These sensors are directly mounted on the movable parts of the system which result in a slow regulation, leading to non-optimal performance, e.g. in terms of energy, water and detergent consumption or regarding the quality of the result. This paper presents an alternative approach, based on online automatic acquisition of 3D vehicle models, thus allowing for an a priori optimization of the washing process in order to achieve a better overall performance of the car wash system. Technically, the approach uses merged and synchronized data acquired by a multiple Time-of-Flight (ToF) camera setup. The proposed processing concept handles the range data sets acquired online, and performs data preprocessing, registration and fusion, as well as geometry extraction. The realized system is based on Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) in order to achieve a sufficient temporal processing performance. Furthermore, details are given showing how to solve the main challenges related to point cloud data processing, especially due to low image resolution, the influences of specific environment conditions, e.g. variations in coating and material reflectivity. The data registration is twofold, on the one hand the multiple ToF images are registered using the pre-calibrated camera system (extrinsic parameters), whereas the inter-frame registration is performed using a point-to-plane based iterative closest point (ICP) on the other hand. Finally, the merged data is integrated in a GPU data structure to allow a fast and efficient 3D point cloud reconstruction.

Thomas Hoegg; Damien Lefloch; Andreas Kolb

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Front gardens to car parks: Changes in garden permeability and effects on flood regulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study addresses the consequences of widespread conversion of permeable front gardens to hard standing car parking surfaces, and the potential consequences in high-risk urban flooding hotspots, in the city of Southampton. The last two decades has seen a trend for domestic front gardens in urban areas to be converted for parking, driven by the lack of space and increased car ownership. Despite media and political attention, the effects of this change are unknown, but increased and more intense rainfall, potentially linked to climate change, could generate negative consequences as runoff from impermeable surfaces increases. Information is limited on garden permeability change, despite the consequences for ecosystem services, especially flood regulation. We focused on eight flooding hotspots identified by the local council as part of a wider urban flooding policy response. Aerial photographs from 1991, 2004 and 2011 were used to estimate changes in surface cover and to analyse permeability change within a digital surface model in a GIS environment. The 1, 30 and 100 year required attenuation storage volumes were estimated, which are the temporary storage required to reduce the peak flow rate given surface permeability. Within our study areas, impermeable cover in domestic front gardens increased by 22.47% over the 20-year study period (1991–2011) and required attenuation storage volumes increased by 26.23% on average. These increases suggest that a consequence of the conversion of gardens to parking areas will be a potential increase in flooding frequency and severity — a situation which is likely to occur in urban locations worldwide.

Jennifer R. Warhurst; Katherine E. Parks; Lindsay McCulloch; Malcolm D. Hudson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

| News | Sports | Business | Politics | Opinion | Entertainment | Lifestyle | Travel | Women | Classified | Homes | Cars | Jobs | Sho SUBSCRIBE: Internet SubscSacbee: / Opinion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

| Classified | Homes | Cars | Jobs | Sho SUBSCRIBE: Internet SubscSacbee: / Opinion Sections: 24-HOUR NEWS · 24 COLUMNS · Peter Schrag · Dan Walters · Daniel Weintraub · Public Editor Editorial: Abuse of power: Abuse of power - sacbee.com 8/2/2005http://www.sacbee.com/content/opinion/story/13340087p-14182071c

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

357

Battery Powered Electric Car, Using Photovoltaic Cells Assistance Juan Dixon, Alberto Ziga, Angel Abusleme and Daniel Soto  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Battery Powered Electric Car, Using Photovoltaic Cells Assistance Juan Dixon, Alberto Zúñiga, Angel Vehicles (EVs) is the scarce capacity of conventional electrical energy storage systems. Although Abusleme and Daniel Soto Abstract One of the major problems for the massive applicability of Electric

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

358

CityCarControl : an electric vehicle drive-by-wire solution for distributed steering, braking and throttle control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we propose CityCarControl, a system to manage the steering, braking, and throttle of a new class of intra-city electric vehicles. These vehicles have a focus on extreme light-weight and a small parking ...

Brown, Thomas B., M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

SPECTROSCOPY IN CRYOCRYSTALS AND MATRICES Time-resolved CARS measurements of the vibrational decoherence of I2 isolated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPECTROSCOPY IN CRYOCRYSTALS AND MATRICES Time-resolved CARS measurements of the vibrational succeeded in making measurements on packets prepared at vibrations as high as v 14, and as a function of tempera- ture, for T 17­33 K. TRCARS measurements are well suited for the preparation of vibrational

Apkarian, V. Ara

360

Hydrogen Bond Dynamics of Histamine Monocation in Aqueous Solution: Car–Parrinello Molecular Dynamics and Vibrational Spectroscopy Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Dynamics of Histamine Monocation in Aqueous Solution: Car–Parrinello Molecular Dynamics and Vibrational Spectroscopy Study ... Our focus was on the part of vibrational spectra that corresponds to histamine N–H stretching, since these degrees of freedom are essential for its interactions with either water molecules or transporters and receptors. ... The resulting vibrational power spectrum is presented in Figure 9. ...

Jernej Stare; Janez Mavri; Jože Grdadolnik; Jernej Zidar; Zvonimir B. Maksi?; Robert Vianello

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Taking an Alternative Route: A guide for fleet operators and individual owners using alternative fuels in cars and trucks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Taking an Alternative Route is a 30-page guide for fleet managers and individual owners on using alternative fuels in cars and trucks. Discussed in detail are all fuels authorized for federal credits under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct). The publication informs federal and state fleet managers about how to comply with EPAct, and provides information about the Clean Air Act Amendments.

LaRocque, T.

2001-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

362

Abundance of mass 47 CO2 in urban air, car exhaust, and human breath Hagit P. Affek *, John M. Eiler  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. For example, d13 C values of respired CO2 and CO2 generated by combustion of oil, gasoline or biomass. In particular, the mass 47 anomaly (D47) can distinguish between CO2 produced by high temperature combustion a car exhaust pipe was enriched in a combustion source having a composition, as determined by a Ã?Keeling

363

Joint Meeting on Hydrogen Delivery Modeling and Analysis FreedomCAR and Fuels Partnership Hydrogen Delivery, Storage and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. ­ The current capital costs for the hydrogen pipelines in the model are based on 1.1X the price of steel natural that the refueling station default compressor capital costs are based on a 300 psi inlet pressure.) 2. CurrentJoint Meeting on Hydrogen Delivery Modeling and Analysis FreedomCAR and Fuels Partnership Hydrogen

365

The marriage of car sharing and hydrogen economy: A possible solution to the main problems of urban living  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The hydrogen economy is seeking its killer application, which can break down the ‘chicken and egg problem’, i.e., no hydrogen powered car can be sold if it cannot be refueled, and nobody will invest to a hydrogen refueling station if no one has a hydrogen powered vehicle. The applications like material handling, backup-power, and small stationary combined heat and power (CHP) engines are the most promising candidates, which may show financial return in 3–5 years. The replacement of fossil fuel with hydrogen in the automotive industry offers a substantial reduction of the harmful environmental effects, however, it is still the most challenging because of the absence of the hydrogen infrastructure, the price and the lifetime of the fuel cell (FC) engine and the unsuitable regulations, as well. In this work a new possible market was identified and analyzed in different points of view. This market segment is a car-sharing system operating with small urban vehicles, which not only can solve some environmental problems (e.g., air pollution and CO2 emission), but also helps to reduce congestion, secure energy supply and ease its distribution. First, a sensitivity analysis was done and the key performance indicators of the system were determined. The financial return of a hydrogen-based car-sharing system was examined carefully as a function of the rated power of the fuel cell power train, the way of hydrogen supply, the cost of the hydrogen and the size of the car fleet. Finally, a possible hydrogen-based car-sharing service was designed and optimized to the downtown of Budapest, Hungary. A sustainable system was proposed, which can satisfy the needs of the business (i.e., profitability) and the environment.

Akos Kriston; Tamás Szabó; György Inzelt

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Multi-parametric study of the effect of materials substitution on life cycle energy use and waste generation of passenger car structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aluminium and fibre reinforced plastics have been put forward as alternatives for steel to reduce passenger car weight and save energy during use. Often-reported drawbacks are increased energy for production and reduced recyclability, and hence, increased waste generation. This study considers the merits of the alternatives by making a multi-parametric comparison of the life cycle energy use and waste generation of three lightweight alternatives to today’s all-steel car structure. The ‘development level’, captured as the percentage of high strength steel in today’s car structure, is identified as an important new variable in the analysis of automotive life cycle energy use.

E. Tempelman

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Demand side management of electric car charging: Benefits for consumer and grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ireland is currently striving to source 10% of the energy required for its transport fleet from renewable energy sources by 2020. As part of the measures being implemented in order to help realise this ambitious target a number of Government schemes have been introduced to financially subsidise the purchase of alternative energy vehicles in an effort to achieve 10% EV (electric vehicle) penetration in the country's road fleet by 2020. The replacement of ICE (internal combustion engine) vehicles with EV equivalents poses challenges for grid operators while simultaneously offering opportunities in terms of distributed energy storage and flexible load. This paper examines how optimising the charging cycles of an electric car using DSM (Demand Side Management) based on a number of criteria could be used to achieve financial savings, increased demand on renewable energy, reduce demand on thermal generation plant, and reduce peak load demand. The results demonstrate that significant gains can be achieved using currently available market data which highlights the point that DSM can be implemented without any further technological advents.

P. Finn; C. Fitzpatrick; D. Connolly

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Observation of excited state charge transfer with fs/ps-CARS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Excited state charge transfer processes are studied using the fs/ps-CARS probe technique. This probe allows for multiplexed detection of Raman active vibrational modes. Systems studied include Michler's Ketone, Coumarin 120, 4-dimethylamino-4{prime}-nitrostilbene, and several others. The vibrational spectrum of the para di-substituted benzophenone Michler's Ketone in the first excited singlet state is studied for the first time. It is found that there are several vibrational modes indicative of structural changes of the excited molecule. A combined experimental and theoretical approach is used to study the simplest 7-amino-4-methylcoumarin, Coumarin 120. Vibrations observed in FTIR and spontaneous Raman spectra are assigned using density functional calculations and a continuum solvation model is used to predict how observed modes are affected upon inclusion of a solvent. The low frequency modes of the excited state charge transfer species 4-dimethylamino-4{prime}-nitrostilbene are studied in acetonitrile. Results are compared to previous work on this molecule in the fingerprint region. Finally, several partially completed projects and their implications are discussed. These include the two photon absorption of Coumarin 120, nanoconfinement in cyclodextrin cavities and sensitization of titania nanoparticles.

Blom, Alex Jason

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

VI.5 Recycling of plastic waste, rubber waste and end-of-life cars in Germany  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Among different types of consumer waste in Germany, plastic waste, rubber waste, and end-of-life cars are closely intertwined. Processing techniques applied to these types of consumer waste are identical in many cases. This chapter outlines these similarities and discusses each type of consumer waste. The regulations for plastic waste recycling only apply to private households. Regulations are limited to packaging waste with the ordinance on packaging waste being the legal provision. The recycling of packaging remnants from production or defective production units is partially organized by producers themselves. Energy recovery of plastic packaging is limited to combined heat and power stations. Packaging waste that cannot be submitted to mechanical recycling is usually treated by the means of feedstock recycling. The treatment of plastic waste comprises fragmentation, sizing, sorting, washing and drying, agglomeration, and granulation. Rubber waste is unsuitable for deposition at landfill sites because of poor compressibility, resilient surfaces, extremely long rotting time, and forming of cavities with air inclusion. An increased utilization of rubber waste in the production of new tires depends directly on the quality of the vulcanization process.

Peter Dreher; Martin Faulstich; Gabriele Weber-Blaschke; Burkhard Berninger; Uwe Keilhammer

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Analysis on the feedback effect for the diffusion of innovative technologies focusing on the green car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Previous studies of technical competitive relationship have mostly focused on the analysis of one-directional impact of the technical attribute on market share. However, there is a cyclical feedback effect between the technical attributes and market share, and that means the small difference of competitiveness at the early phase of technology diffusion can greatly affect the final market share. As such, this study presents the system dynamics model which can forecast sales of innovative technology considering the feedback effect of market share on technical attributes. For that, the causal loop diagram among the various variables was defined using the econometric model applied and proven in various studies of the Bass diffusion model, discrete choice model, etc. to reinforce the theoretical background of the causal relationship among the variables of the forecasting model. Furthermore, infrastructure building scenarios and feedback effect scenarios were applied to the developed forecasting model to present the implication for successful adoption of green car technology from the infrastructure development view point.

Duk Hee Lee; Sang Yong Park; Jong Wook Kim; Seong Kon Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

ENERGY STAR Update: ENERGY STAR Encourages Car Dealerships to Work with NADA on Survey (May 20, 2013)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Update Update U.S. Environmental Protection Agency May 20, 2013 ENERGY STAR Encourages Car Dealerships to Work with NADA on Survey In conjunction with ENERGY STAR and the EPA, the National Automobile Dealers Association (NADA) has launched a program to help new car and truck dealerships reduce energy consumption through the Agency's ENERGY STAR program. In many other sectors of the commercial buildings market, there exist national data sets detailing how buildings use energy. These data enable EPA to develop 1 - 100 ENERGY STAR scores, which rank individual buildings relative to other similar buildings across the country. A score of 50 represents median energy performance, whereas a score of 75 means that a building is more energy efficient than 75

372

Apps for Vehicles: Why should I care what data is in my car and what can be  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Why should I care what data is in my car and what can be Why should I care what data is in my car and what can be done with this data (examples)? Home > Groups > Developer This question relates to energy hackathons and the OpenXC platform. More information at http://en.openei.org/wiki/Help:Energy_Hackathon_Resources Submitted by Rmckeel on 24 September, 2012 - 10:36 3 answers Points: 0 The goal of the Open Data initiative is to empower customers to use their data to their individual advantage. An eco-conscious individual may focus on data that reveals how driving patterns affect GHG emissions. Someone interested in vehicle performance may use it to compare engine operations given different oil weights or gasoline octane ratings to determine what engine inputs provide optimal performance. With the magnitude of data

373

Relationship between the merit factor of thermoelectric materials and the air conditioning unit of urban electric cars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main benefit of electric cars is to reduce air pollution in cities that is thus desirable to equip them with non polluting air conditioning units and this rules out frigorific compressors operating with CFC. The planned replacement of CFC by HFC is at best an interim solution. The best solution is certainly to use thermoelectric air conditioning units, which are inherently pollution-free. However, these have a fairly low COPF when compared to traditional compressor units. We study the relationship between the cooling of the interior of urban electric cars and the merit factor of the thermoelectric material in their Peltier unit. This should help provide concrete target properties of future T E materials. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

Buffet, J. [Counsulting Engineer, 2 av. DODE de la BRUNERIE 75016 Paris (France)

1994-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

374

Structural, dynamic, and vibrational properties during heat transfer in Si/Ge superlattices: A Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The structural, dynamic, and vibrational properties during heat transfer process in Si/Ge superlattices are studied by analyzing the trajectories generated by the ab initio Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulation. The radial distribution functions and mean square displacements are calculated and further discussions are made to explain and probe the structural changes relating to the heat transfer phenomenon. Furthermore, the vibrational density of states of the two layers (Si/Ge) are computed and plotted to analyze the contributions of phonons with different frequencies to the heat conduction. Coherent heat conduction of the low frequency phonons is found and their contributions to facilitate heat transfer are confirmed. The Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulation outputs in the work show reasonable thermophysical results of the thermal energy transport process and shed light on the potential applications of treating the heat transfer in the superlattices of semiconductor materials from a quantum mechanical molecular dynamics simulation perspective.

Ji, Pengfei; Zhang, Yuwen, E-mail: zhangyu@missouri.edu [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211 (United States); Yang, Mo [College of Energy and Power Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093 (China)

2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

375

Dynamical Host/Guest Interactions in Zeolites:? Framework Isotope Effects on Proton Transfer Studied by Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dynamical Host/Guest Interactions in Zeolites:? Framework Isotope Effects on Proton Transfer Studied by Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics ... While in liquids the proper relaxation mechanisms can be described in terms of the orientational correlation functions of solvent molecules,8 in solids and in zeolites in particular, velocity or dipole autocorrelation functions (or their Fourier Transform giving the power or IR spectra) are good candidates to describe this phenomenon. ... A single band in the stretching region indicates the absence of water molecules. ...

Ettore Fois; Aldo Gamba

1999-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

376

Life cycle cost analysis of a car, a city bus and an intercity bus powertrain for year 2005 and 2020  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The international economy, in the beginning of the 20th century, is characterized by uncertainty about the supply and the price of oil. Together with the fast decrease of electrical propulsion component prices, it becomes more and more cost effective to develop vehicles with alternative powertrains. This paper focuses on two questions: Are alternative powertrains especially cost effective for specific applications?; How does an increased fossil fuel price influences the choose of powertrain? To assess these questions, a computer tool named THEPS, developed in a Ph.D. project, is used. Three applications and three scenarios are analysed. The applications, a car, a city bus and an intercity bus, are vehicles all assumed to operate in Sweden. One scenario represents year 2005, the other two year 2020. The two future scenarios are characterized by different fossil fuel prices. The study, presented in the paper, indicates that alternative powertrains can be competitive from a cost perspective, in some applications, already in year 2005. It is for example cost effective to equip a city bus, running in countries with a high fuel price, with a hybrid powertrain. The study also indicates that pure electric, hybrid and/or fuel cell cars will probably be a more cost effective choice than conventional cars in year 2020. Another indication is that it will not be clear which powertrain concept to choose. The reason is that many cost effective powertrain concepts will be offered. The best choice will depend on the application.

Jonas Hellgren

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Energy use and CO2 emissions reduction potential in passenger car fleet using zero emission vehicles and lightweight materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Introduction of \\{ZEVs\\} (zero emission vehicles) and lightweight materials in a conventional steel-intensive internal combustion engine vehicle fleet will affect energy consumption and automotive material requirements. We developed a bottom-up dynamic accounting model of the light-duty vehicle fleet, including vehicle production and disposal, with detailed coverage of powertrains and automotive materials. The model was used to study the potential for energy consumption and CO2 emissions reduction of \\{ZEVs\\} and lightweight materials in the Colombian passenger car fleet from 2010 to 2050. Results indicate that passenger car stock in Colombia is increased by 6.6 times between 2010 and 2050. In the base scenario energy consumption and CO2 emissions are increased by 5.5 and 4.9 times respectively. Lightweighting and battery electric vehicles offer the largest tank-to-wheel energy consumption and CO2 emissions reductions, 48 and 61% respectively, compared to 2050 baseline values. Slow stock turnover and fleet size increment prevent larger reductions. Switching to electric powertrains has larger impact than lightweighting on energy consumption and CO2 emissions. Iron and steel remain major materials in new cars. Aluminum consumption increases in all scenarios; while carbon fiber reinforced polymer consumption only increases due to fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle or lightweight vehicle use.

Juan C. González Palencia; Takaaki Furubayashi; Toshihiko Nakata

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Fact #708: January 2, 2012 Amenities, Safety and Emissions Equipment Make Up an Increasing Share of the Cost of a Car  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

While the overall price of a new car has not increased greatly from 1967 to 2010 when adjusted for inflation, the costs associated with added amenities like navigation, telematics, power seats and...

379

Consumer’s Surplus with a Racial Apology? Black Relative to Non-Black Inequality in the Welfare Gains of Fuel-Efficient Cars and Trucks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper considers whether race conditions the welfare gains associated with the purchase of cars and trucks that comply with National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Corporate Average Fuel Efficiency Sta...

Juliet U. Elu; Gregory N. Price

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record 11002: Number of Cars Equivalent to 100 Metric Tons of Avoided Greenhouse Gases per Year  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

02 Date: January 5, 2011 02 Date: January 5, 2011 Title: Number of Cars Equivalent to 100 Metric Tons of Avoided Greenhouse Gases per Year Originator: Andrea Chew & Tien Nguyen Approved by: Sunita Satyapal Date: January 25, 2011 A conventional mid-size gasoline car emits 0.45 kg of greenhouse gases (GHG) per mile. 1 One hundred (100) metric tons (t) of GHG per year are equivalent to emissions from 17 conventional gasoline cars. Item: The GHG emissions cited above are from an analysis record prepared by the Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies and Vehicle Technologies Programs on life-cycle emissions of greenhouse gases and petroleum use for several light-duty vehicles. 1 For cars that are between 1 and 5 years old, the average mileage is approximately 13,000,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Mainstream consumers driving plug-in battery-electric and plug-in hybrid electric cars: A qualitative analysis of responses and evaluations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plug-in electric vehicles can potentially emit substantially lower CO2 emissions than internal combustion engine vehicles, and so have the potential to reduce transport emissions without curtailing personal car use. Assessing the potential uptake of these new categories of vehicles requires an understanding of likely consumer responses. Previous in-depth explorations of appraisals and evaluations of electric vehicles have tended to focus on ‘early adopters’, who may not represent mainstream consumers. This paper reports a qualitative analysis of responses to electric cars, based on semi-structured interviews conducted with 40 UK non-commercial drivers (20 males, 20 females; age 24–70 years) at the end of a seven-day period of using a battery electric car (20 participants) or a plug-in hybrid car (20 participants). Six core categories of response were identified: (1) cost minimisation; (2) vehicle confidence; (3) vehicle adaptation demands; (4) environmental beliefs; (5) impression management; and, underpinning all other categories, (6) the perception of electric cars generally as ‘work in progress’ products. Results highlight potential barriers to the uptake of current-generation (2010) plug-in electric cars by mainstream consumers. These include the prioritization of personal mobility needs over environmental benefits, concerns over the social desirability of electric vehicle use, and the expectation that rapid technological and infrastructural developments will make current models obsolete. Implications for the potential uptake of future electric vehicles are discussed.

Ella Graham-Rowe; Benjamin Gardner; Charles Abraham; Stephen Skippon; Helga Dittmar; Rebecca Hutchins; Jenny Stannard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Time-resolved ultraviolet spectroscopy of the compact interacting binary QU Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present HST/STIS (1160--1700A) echelle spectra of the cataclysmic variable (CV) star, QU Car, observed in time-tag mode at three epochs. In catalogues this binary is classified as a nova-like variable. We find evidence of a high-state non-magnetic CV at low inclination, with unusually high ionisation. We observed narrow absorption lines (few hundred km/s wide) in N V1240, O V1371 and Si IV1398, as well as broader (HWZI ~1000km/s) emission in C III1176, C IV1549 and He II1640, all with a superposed absorption component. High ionisation is indicated by the unusually string He II emission and the relative strength of the O V absorption line. The dereddened UV SED of, on average, -2.3 suggests that disc accretion dominates the spectral energy distribution. In two observations velocity shifting is noted in the absorption lines on a timescale long enough not to repeat within the ~2600-sec exposures. The absorption superposed on the C IV emission line moves coherently with the N V and Si IV absorption, suggesting the same origin for all absorption lines -- most likely to be in the accretion disc atmosphere. Weak blueshifted absorption in NV and C\\IV provides evidence of an outflow component and we estimate a maximum outflow velocity of ~2000km/s. This may be linked to a wind launched from further out in the disc than is typically seen in those high-state non-magnetic CV whose wind speeds are observed to reach to >4000km/s. Unusually, three ionisation stages of carbon -- C II, C III and C IV -- are present in emission, with line width increasing with higher ionisation. The presence of C II in emission and the positive line-width/ionisation correlation is most easily reconciled with an origin in a disc chromosphere, beyond the influence of the EUV-emitting inner disc.

L. E. Hartley; J. E. Drew; K. S. Long

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Meet with Large Businesses  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Meet with Large Businesses Meet with Large Businesses and learn about upcoming acquisitions! * Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) * National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) * Small Business Administration (SBA) * U.S. Department of Energy / Energy, Efficiency, and Renewable Energy (EERE) * U.S. Department of Energy / Golden Field Office (GFO) * Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) * Colorado Procurement Technical Assistance Center (PTAC)

384

Mitsubishi iMiEV: An Electric Mini-Car in NREL's Advanced Technology Vehicle Fleet (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet highlights the Mitsubishi iMiEV, an electric mini-car in the advanced technology vehicle fleet at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). In support of the U.S. Department of Energy's fast-charging research efforts, NREL engineers are conducting charge and discharge performance testing on the vehicle. NREL's advanced technology vehicle fleet features promising technologies to increase efficiency and reduce emissions without sacrificing safety or comfort. The fleet serves as a technology showcase, helping visitors learn about innovative vehicles that are available today or are in development. Vehicles in the fleet are representative of current, advanced, prototype, and emerging technologies.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Implementation of SPC with FMEA in less-developed industries with a case study in car battery manufactory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Continuous improvement is an important aspect for companies to maintain their position in today's market, and process control can provide this capability for them. This study aims to facilitate implementing statistical process control (SPC) in less-developed industries. Due to reaching this goal, failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) has been employed. FMEA helps the SPC implementation either in process selection or output analysis. Also, this integration has been applied in a car battery industry that is a less-developed industry as a case study. As a result, this paper provides an innovation to use engineering tools in some places which are not mature adequately.

Hadi Akbarzade Khorshidi; Indra Gunawan; Fathollah Esmaeilzadeh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Solvation Structure and Mobility Mechanism of OH-:? A Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics Investigation of Alkaline Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solvation Structure and Mobility Mechanism of OH-:? A Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics Investigation of Alkaline Solutions ... Figure 17 Comparison of power spectra derived from deuterium velocity autocorrelation functions for pure water (dashed lines in both panels a and b), KOD (panel a) at 1.3 M (solid line) and 14 M (dotted line), and NaOD (panel b) at 1.5 M (solid line), 4.5 M (diamonds), and 15 M (dotted line). ... energy structure on the potential energy surface, because the water drifts to become attached to one of the first solvation shell waters. ...

Bin Chen; Ivaylo Ivanov; Jung Mee Park; Michele Parrinello; Michael L. Klein

2002-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

387

Impact of the Driving Cycle on the NOx and Particulate Matter Exhaust Emissions of Diesel Passenger Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Impact of the Driving Cycle on the NOx and Particulate Matter Exhaust Emissions of Diesel Passenger Cars ... The driving cycles used are the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC), the 11 and 15 modes Japanese cycles, and three U.S. driving cycles: Federal Test Procedure (FTP-75), US06, and Highway. ... In general, we can state that a reduction in compression ratio in combination with an advanced boosting system and a fast response of the EGR system with advanced EGR cooling leads to a reduction of the emission level. ...

Efthimios Zervas; George Bikas

2008-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

388

Solvent Dependence on Bond Length Alternation and Charge Distribution in Phenol Blue: A Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics Investigation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solvent Dependence on Bond Length Alternation and Charge Distribution in Phenol Blue: A Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics Investigation ... (4) The probing nature of these molecules is due to the effect of the polarity of the solvation shell in changing the electron excitation energy of the indicator dye. ... (23) The usual theoretical approach to tune the bond length alternation was to apply a static electric field(20, 25) or to optimize the structure by placing “sparkles” (negative or positive ions) close to the donor or acceptor groups of these conjugated systems. ...

N. Arul Murugan; Zilvinas Rinkevicius; Hans Ågren

2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

389

"It's Like Giving Us a Car, Only Without the Wheels": Performance of Latina Students at an Early College High School  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School. (December 2011) Leslie Ann Locke, B.S.; M.L.S, University of Minnesota?Twin Cities Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Kathryn McKenzie This dissertation presents the results from an empirical study of the perspectives of Latina students who... ?IT?S LIKE GIVING US A CAR, ONLY WITHOUT THE WHEELS?: PERFORMANCE OF LATINA STUDENTS AT AN EARLY COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL A Dissertation by LESLIE ANN LOCKE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University...

Locke, Leslie Ann

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

390

Testing Performance of 10 kW BLDC Motor and LiFePO4 Battery on ITB-1 Electric Car Prototype  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The growing development of Electric vehicle industry due to more greener transportation needs, encouraging ITB as a research based educational institution to give their effort and participation in developing electric city car prototype, especially for Indonesia used. Two fundamental components in the electric car are the electric motor and its energy storage system. The motor used in this ITB-1electric car is brushless dc (BLDC) motor type. A controller will be used to convert the dc source into ac for BLDC motor power source. How far an electric car can reach their destination depends on how much energy that is stored in the batteries. This electrical energy storage will affect performance of the electric car. Therefore we have to protect the battery from anything that can make the battery's life shorter. Voltage is one of the parameters that must be controlled by the battery management system, so that the battery can be protected effectively. In this paper, a10 kW BLDC motor and its energy storagei.e LiFePO4 battery types, will be evaluated based on their performance result from the tests.

Agus Purwadi; Jimmy Dozeno; Nana Heryana

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Applied large eddy simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2971-2983. doi:10.1098/rsta.2008.0303 . Audio Supplement Audio Supplement Audio files from the Applied large eddy simulation...fidelity. | Whittle Laboratory, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PZ...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

A Dynamic household Alternative-fuel Vehicle Demand Model Using Stated and Revealed Transaction Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Potential Demand for Electric Cars”, Journal of Economrtricsand one large car) and one mini electric car. The two modelsscenarios: (i) a subcompact electric car is introduced to

Sheng, Hongyan

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Experimental Analysis and Feasibility Study of 1400 CC Diesel Engine Car Converted into Hybrid Electric Vehicle by Using BLDC Hub Motors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract New generation HEV (hybrid electric vehicles) are targeting for reducing exhaust gas pollution by operating in EV (electric vehicle) mode during the stop and go movement in thick traffic conditions at low engine rpm, but run on ICE (Internal Combustion engine) mode at cruising speed on highways. While new Hybrid car concepts are being developed internationally, existing Gasoline and Diesel powered conventional ICE vehicles will be guzzling unwanted pollutants for rest of their life, adding to the menace of global warming. To address the need for conservation of fuel and reducing production of harmful pollutants by millions of cars driven world over, an experimental research work was carried out in the field of conversion of existing diesel or petrol cars in to HEV. Main objective of the research is to reduce consumption of fossil fuel, for preserving it for future generation. An existing 1400 CC Diesel car converted in to experimental HEV prototype has been tested in EV mode at reasonably steady speed on highway and conventional ICE mode, to measure the consumption of fuel to derive the optimum performance benefits. Test results show marked improvement in fuel consumption, when driven in EV mode (for distance covered with single charge) against ICE mode. Amount of fuel saving achieved by proposed HEV methodology deployed for conversion of existing vehicles contributes in equivalent reduction in total quantity of harmful exhaust emission pollutants. The conversion process has been simplified, for implementation on existing cars and new model design of cars with engine capacity higher or lower than 1400 cc.

Sudhir Gupte

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Gas-Phase Reactivity of the Ti8C12+ Met-car with Triatomic Sulfur-Containing Molecules:? CS2, SCO, and SO2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Optimal production of the Ti8C12+ met-car occurred with a sputtering power of 220 W (at 1.15 amps), a total source pressure of 5?6 Torr (Ar/CH4 + He), and an aggregation distance of ?3 cm (1e). ... 13 For water and ammonia the most prominent cluster adducts have eight ligands (n = 8), while the addition of four ligands (n = 4) is most probable for ?-bonded benzene. ... Met-Cars: a unique class of molecular clusters ...

James M. Lightstone; Melissa J. Patterson; Ping Liu; Michael G. White

2006-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

395

Analysis of different control strategies for the simultaneous reduction of CO2 and NOx emissions of a diesel hybrid passenger car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Different control strategies for a diesel parallel hybrid passenger car were evaluated through numerical simulations. Two different control strategies were analysed: the first focused on fuel consumption minimisation, the second on NOx emissions cuts. Each of these goals was addressed through two different methodologies, the first based on a group of heuristic laws, the second focused on the instantaneous minimisation of a cost function that takes into account both the fuel and battery energies. A first assessment of the potential of a diesel hybrid passenger car as far as fuel consumption and NOx emissions reductions are concerned was obtained.

Federico Millo; Carlo V. Ferraro; Luciano Rolando

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Composting Large Animal Carcasses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Disposing of large animal carcasses can be a problem for agricultural producers. Composting is a simple, low-cost method that yields a useful product that can be used as fertilizer. In this publication you'll learn the basics of composting, how...

Auvermann, Brent W.; Mukhtar, Saqib; Heflin, Kevin

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

397

The Large Hadron Collider  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...fully from the space available in...the machine construction. The superconducting...for a single sector, the whole...therefore, as the heating increases...was made, a sector was powered...is a slight heating during ramp...Collider. | The construction of the Large...the limited space available in...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

An energy?based updated modal approach for the efficient analysis of large trimmed models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large trimmed models widely encountered in the automotive industry generally involve a body?in?white structure coupled to an acoustic cavity and covered by a set of trim components. Due to the large number of degrees of freedom of such models the direct analysis in physical coordinates though theoretically correct is not feasible on current computers. The paper presents an alternative and efficient solution strategy in modal coordinates that relies on an update of the modal parameters of the car body and the acoustic cavity based on the energetic behaviour of the trim components. The description of the trim component in terms of an energetic database simplifies the data exchange between the automotive manufactor and the trim provider. Furthermore it enables a fast frequency analysis of various loadcases/trim scenarios and makes optimisation possible. The updated modal approach implemented in Actran/Trim is applied on a simplified car model on which various trim components are applied. The application shows how the stiffening added mass and damping effects of each trim component can be derived from the energetic database and can guide an optimisation process.

Gregory Lielens; Benoit Van Den Nieuwenhof; Fabien Acher; Jean?Pierre Coyette

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Hydrogen-Bonding Structure and Dynamics of Aqueous Carbonate Species from Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comprehensive Car?Parrinello molecular dynamics (CP-MD) study of aqueous solutions of carbonic acid (H2CO3), bicarbonate (HCO3?), carbonate (CO32?), and carbon dioxide (CO2) provides new quantitative insight into the structural and dynamic aspects of the hydrogen-bonding environments for these important aqueous species and their effects on the structure, H-bonding, and dynamical behavior of the surrounding water molecules. ... The power spectra of the carbonate species were calculated as Fourier transforms of their velocity autocorrelation functions over the 14 ps production trajectories of the CP-MD simulations. ... The first solvation shell of the anion was found to contain between five and six hydrogen bonded water mols., compared to the six to seven waters found in analogous classical studies based on empirical potentials. ...

P. Padma Kumar; Andrey G. Kalinichev; R. James Kirkpatrick

2008-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

400

Maximising Longwall performance and profitability by the introduction of moving car bunker systems into outbye haulage layouts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to maximize the profitability of Longwall mining operations, outbye materials handling systems should be cost effectively engineered to both fully harmonize with cyclical surges in output and to maintain high levels of availability. With the introduction of new Longwall systems into existing mines, the upgrading of outbye haulage to handle peak production from the Longwall panel can prove to be extremely expensive and is often unnecessary. In addition, despite high levels of investment in new equipment, many mines are still failing to achieve planned gains in Longwall productivity due to persistent downtime on outbye haulage routes. This paper details the planning, production and engineering considerations necessary to maximize profitability by the introduction of moving car bunker systems to underground haulage layouts. It also examines case studies of recent installations within the North American coal mining industry and charts the significant success being achieved in improving profitability at these mines.

Barlow, P.M.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Local Depolarization in Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Ionic Liquids/Water Mixtures: Car–Parrinello and Classical Molecular Dynamics Simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Local Depolarization in Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Ionic Liquids/Water Mixtures: Car–Parrinello and Classical Molecular Dynamics Simulation ... Their analysis of the molecular electrostatic properties compared with the previous work on smaller number of ion pairs per unit cell shows that the immediate liquid environment predominantly affects the molecular electric dipole moments, whereas the bulk contributions appear to be minor. ... The ion-pair/water interaction energy (Einter), which is defined as the difference between the energy of the ion pair and water system (EIL-W) and the sum of the energies of the single ion pair (EIL) and water (EW), can be calculated by:(1)Each complex and corresponding water and anion were optimized for structure and energy at the B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level of theory by the above computational procedure. ...

Mohammad Hadi Ghatee; Amin Reza Zolghadr

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

402

Implicit Large Eddy Simulation  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Implicit Implicit Large Eddy Simulation (ILES) for High Reynolds Number Flows Len Margolin Applied Physics Division Los Alamos National Laboratory Collaborators: 1. Bill Rider (LANL) 2. Piotr Smolarkiewicz (NCAR) 3. Andrzej Wysogrodski (NCAR) 4. Fernando Grinstein (NRL) len@lanl.gov 1 Implicit Large Eddy Simulation Outline: * What is ILES? * What are its advantages? * Historical perspective * Why does it work? * Some examples len@lanl.gov 2 What is ILES ILES is the direct application of a fluid solver to a high Reynolds number fluid flow with no explicit turbulence model. · The truncation terms of the algorithm serve as an effective model of the effects of the unresolved scales. · Fluid solvers based on Nonoscillatory Finite Volume (NFV) approximations work effectively for ILES. · Fluid solvers based on pseudospectral methods, leapfrog methods, advective form methods, etc. do not work

403

Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards, established during the energy crises of the 1970s. Calls to increase fuel economy are usually met by a fierce debate on the effectiveness of the CAFE standards

404

Expanding scope of hybrid choice models allowing for mixture of social influences and latent attitudes: Application to intended purchase of electric cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recently, policy makers’ expectations about the role of electric cars in reducing emissions have risen substantially. In parallel, academic research on purchase intentions has dramatically increased. Originally, most studies have focused on utility attributes and price. More recently, several hybrid choice models have been estimated to include the impact of attitudes on choice probabilities. In addition, a few studies have caught the attention to social influence. In contributing to this line of research, this paper reports the results of an expanded hybrid choice, which simultaneously estimated all these different effects in a single integrated model of purchase intention. Results indicate that the model performs well. Costs considerations contribute most to the utility of electric cars. Social influence is less important, but there is also evidence that people tend to take it into consideration when there are positive public opinions about electric cars and the market share becomes almost half of friends of their social network. The intention to purchase an electric car is also influenced by attitudes about environmental concerns and technology acceptance.

Jinhee Kim; Soora Rasouli; Harry Timmermans

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

I want to construct a train of total length 12 units using cars which are either 1 unit long or 2 units long. The question is,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trains I want to construct a train of total length 12 units using cars which are either 1 unit long or 2 units long. The question is, how many different trains are there? For example, here is one in trains of length 12 as in trains of any length n. That is we want to discover the relationship be- tween

McCann, Robert J.

406

Vibro-acoustical comfort in cars at idle : human perception of simulated sounds and vibrations from three and four cylinder diesel engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

three and four cylinder diesel engines Etienne Parizet, Maël Amari Laboratoire Vibrations Acoustique This paper deals with comfort in diesel cars running at idle. A bench was used to reproduce the vertical cylinder engines. In the first one, subjects were exposed to seat vertical vibrations only, and had

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

407

[1] P. Schwarzkopf, R. Kieffer, Refractory Hard Metals: Borides, Car-bides, Nitrides and Silicides, MacMillan, New York 1953.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

± [1] P. Schwarzkopf, R. Kieffer, Refractory Hard Metals: Borides, Car- bides, Nitrides and Silicides, MacMillan, New York 1953. [2] E. Fryt, Solid State Ionics 1997, 101±103, 437. [3] N. Durlu, J. Metal catalysts, such as gold[1,4,8] and tin[5,9,10] have been employed in the synthesis to align

Wang, Zhong L.

408

On the Mechanisms of OH Radical Induced DNA-Base Damage:? A Comparative Quantum Chemical and Car?Parrinello Molecular Dynamics Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a detailed Car?Parrinello molecular dynamics study of DNA bases in explicit water interacting with an OH radical. ... Thus, we choose to compute the power spectrum of guanine in the gas phase and in the presence of 21 and 56 waters. ...

Yudong Wu; Christopher J. Mundy; Michael E. Colvin; Roberto Car

2004-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

409

Solar Powered Commuter Vehicle Sponsored by: Andy Schoenberg, Ph.D. of SunzeeCar LLC. ; Advisor: Kent Udell, Ph. D.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an optimal speed of 40 mph. Thep p p graph below depicts the power usage over timeg p p p g for a single stop the system without Regenerative Braking · Convert an Average of 50% of Kineticg Energy Back into Electrical Energy · Increase the Range from 30 miles to 40g miles. (10 mile increase) Testing:g The car was driven

Provancher, William

410

Analysis of C1-C16 Hydrocarbons Using Dual-Column Capillary GC: Application to Exhaust Emissions from Passenger Car and Motorcycle Engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......European countries cars with diesel engines constitute 20-30...The fuel tested in the diesel engine was blended from a small...for hydrocarbons in the diesel fuel molecular weight...plastic bags. Workers at General Motors (19) have investigated......

C.A. Jemma; P.R. Shore; K.A. Widdicombe

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Commentaries and Rejoinder to “Measuring the Impact of Negative Demand Shocks on Car Dealer Networks” by Paulo Albuquerque and Bart J. Bronnenberg  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This series of discussions presents commentaries and a rejoinder on strategic and managerial issues arising from Albuquerque and Bronnenberg [Albuquerque, P., B. J. Bronnenberg. 2012. Measuring the impact of negative demand shocks on car dealer networks. ... Keywords: choice modeling, spatial modeling, structural models

Dominique M. Hanssens; Devavrat Purohit; Richard Staelin; Paulo Albuquerque; Bart J. Bronnenberg

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

WORD PROBLEMS 1. Suppose your car gets 25 miles per gallon of gasoline and the price of gas is $3.50 per gallon. Write  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WORD PROBLEMS 1. Suppose your car gets 25 miles per gallon of gasoline and the price of gas is $3.50 per gallon. Write your monthly gasoline cost C in terms of the distance D that you travel each month

Koban, Nic

413

Combustion and Emissions Characterization of Biodiesel Blends in a City-Car Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Whereas in the available literature, most of the researches addressed the multicylinders diesel engine of large displacement;(7, 22-27) only some works have investigated the light duty engines, designed for agricultural purpose and mainly tested for a fixed value of the engine speed. ... Rakopoulos, C. D.; Antonopoulos, K. A.; Rakopoulos, D. C.; Hountalas, D. T.; Giakoumis, E. G.Comparative performance and emissions study of a direct injection Diesel engine using blends of diesel fuel with vegetable oils or bio-diesels of various origins Energy Convers. ... Heywood, J. B. Internal combustion engine fundamentals; Mcgraw-Hill: New York, 1988. ...

Giancarlo Chiatti; Ornella Chiavola; Fulvio Palmieri; Stefano Albertini

2014-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

414

Gyrokinetic large eddy simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The large eddy simulation approach is adapted to the study of plasma microturbulence in a fully three-dimensional gyrokinetic system. Ion temperature gradient driven turbulence is studied with the GENE code for both a standard resolution and a reduced resolution with a model for the sub-grid scale turbulence. A simple dissipative model for representing the effect of the sub-grid scales on the resolved scales is proposed and tested. Once calibrated, the model appears to be able to reproduce most of the features of the free energy spectra for various values of the ion temperature gradient.

Morel, P.; Navarro, A. Banon; Albrecht-Marc, M.; Carati, D. [Statistical and Plasma Physics Laboratory, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles 1050 (Belgium); Merz, F.; Goerler, T.; Jenko, F. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

415

Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Health Impacts Program (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We evaluated day-of-week differences in mean concentrations of ozone precursors [nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), volatile organic compounds (VOC) and carbon monoxide (CO)] at monitoring sites in 23 states comprising seven geographic focus areas for the years 1998-2003. We used Wednesdays to represent weekdays and Sundays to represent weekends; we also analyzed Saturdays. Statistical t-tests applied to every monitor showed substantial and statistically significant differences between Wednesday and weekend mean concentrations of ozone precursors in all study areas. At half the sites, nine-hour (6 am through 3 pm) mean concentrations of NO, NOx, and CO declined by at least 65, 49, and 28 percent, respectively, from Wednesdays to Sundays. Large reductions in mean concentrations of ozone precursors on weekends did not reduce mean concentrations of peak ozone significantly, and in many areas, mean peak ozone increased on weekends. Ozone accumulation began earlier on Sundays than on Wednesdays, on average. We also evaluated day-of-week differences in mean concentrations of fine particle and nitrate at available monitoring sites for the same time period and same geographic focus areas. Based on the monitors differences in Wednesday and Sunday means, PM nitrate showed almost negligible weekend decline, despite large NO and NOx declines.

Lawson, D. R.; Eberhardt, J. J.

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Large Business Development Program (Illinois)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Large Business Development Program, administered by the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, provides grants to large businesses for bondable business activities, including...

417

Large Spectral Library Problem  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hyperspectral imaging produces a spectrum or vector at each image pixel. These spectra can be used to identify materials present in the image. In some cases, spectral libraries representing atmospheric chemicals or ground materials are available. The challenge is to determine if any of the library chemicals or materials exist in the hyperspectral image. The number of spectra in these libraries can be very large, far exceeding the number of spectral channels collected in the ¯eld. Suppose an image pixel contains a mixture of p spectra from the library. Is it possible to uniquely identify these p spectra? We address this question in this paper and refer to it as the Large Spectral Library (LSL) problem. We show how to determine if unique identi¯cation is possible for any given library. We also show that if p is small compared to the number of spectral channels, it is very likely that unique identi¯cation is possible. We show that unique identi¯cation becomes less likely as p increases.

Chilton, Lawrence K.; Walsh, Stephen J.

2008-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

418

Hybrid Cars Now, Fuel Cell Cars Later  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...spark ignition engine; (B) HICE, a...over the urban drive cycle. We include a power...conventional ICE (14). A diesel ICE with a hybrid...direct-injection engine has an efficiency...vehicle and fuel cycle for the 2020 ICE...government support on fundamental, high-risk research...

Nurettin Demirdöven; John Deutch

2004-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

419

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

sorbents sorbents B-302 Post-Combustion sorbents u.s. DePartment of energy aDvanCeD Carbon DioxiDe CaPture r&D Program: teChnology uPDate, may 2013 benCh-sCale DeveloPment anD testing of raPiD Pressure swing absorPtion for Carbon DioxiDe CaPture primary project goals WR Grace and the University of South Carolina are developing a rapid pressure swing adsorption (PSA) process to evaluate concept cost and performance benefits by testing a bench-scale system using a low-cost, structured adsorbent with low-pressure drop, high mass-transfer rates, high capacity, and high availability that will enable large feed through- puts. technical goals * Develop an attrition-resistant and low-pressure drop structured adsorbent based on a

420

Appendix B: CArBon dioxide CApture teChnology SheetS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AdvAnced compression AdvAnced compression B-540 AdvAnced compression U.s. depArtment of energy AdvAnced cArbon dioxide cAptUre r&d progrAm: technology UpdAte, mAy 2013 novel concepts for the compression of lArge volUmes of co 2 primary project goals Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) is developing novel compression technology concepts to reduce carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) compression power requirements by 10% compared to conventional compressor designs. The basic concept is a semi-isothermal compression pro- cess where the CO 2 is continually cooled using an internal cooling jacket rather than using conventional interstage cooling. The project has completed thermodynamic (Phase I) and prototype testing (Phase II). A full-scale demonstration of a multi-stage, internally cooled

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Large Superconducting Magnet Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The increase of energy in accelerators over the past decades has led to the design of superconducting magnets for both accelerators and the associated detectors. The use of Nb?Ti superconducting materials allows an increase in the dipole field by up to 10 T compared with the maximum field of 2 T in a conventional magnet. The field bending of the particles in the detectors and generated by the magnets can also be increased. New materials, such as Nb3Sn and high temperature superconductor (HTS) conductors, can open the way to higher fields, in the range 13–20 T. The latest generations of fusion machines producing hot plasma also use large superconducting magnet systems.

Védrine, P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Mathematical Caricature of Large Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Kadomtsev-Petviiashvili equation is considered as a mathematical caricature of large and rogue waves.

Mikhail Kovalyov

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

423

Defective extracellular calcium (Cao)-sensing receptor (CaR)-mediated stimulation of a Ca2+-activated potassium channel in glioblastoma cells transfected with a dominant negative CaR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Glioblastoma cells exhibit several forms of sensitivity to extracellular calcium (Cao) that might be conferred by the Cao-sensing receptor (CaR) that is intimately involved in the maintenance of Cao homeostasis by various cell types. This receptor is expressed in human glioblastoma cell line, U87, and here we show that CaR activators stimulate a Ca2+-activated potassium (K+) channel (CAKC) with a conductance of 140 pS. The responses to CaR activators, however, were blunted in U87 cells transfected with a CaR bearing an inactivating mutation (R185Q) that has previously been shown to exert a dominant negative (DN) action on the wild type receptor. Raising Cao from 0.75 to 2.0 mM or addition of a polycationic CaR agonist, each activated CAKC in nontransfected wild type and empty vector-transfected U87 cells, while they had little or no effect on channel activity in cells expressing the DN CaR (DN-CaR cells). In nontransfected wild type and empty vector-transfected cells, the specific ‘calcimimetic’ CaR activator, NPS R-467, stimulated the channel, while its less active stereoisomer, NPS S-467, did not. In DN-CaR cells, in contrast, NPS R-467, had no effect on channel activity, suggesting defective coupling of the CaR to this ion channel. CaR-mediated stimulation of these K+ channels could lead to membrane repolarization and related changes in cellular function under normal conditions. Since the R185Q mutation in the CaR produces a more severe phenotype in humans than most inactivating mutations of this receptor, some of its clinical consequences could potentially result from abnormal CaR-dependent channel functioning.

Chianping Ye; Naibedya Chattopadhyay; Edward M Brown; Peter M Vassilev

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Combining technology roadmap and system dynamics simulation to support scenario-planning: A case of car-sharing service  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Due to the volatile market environment, the use of scenario approach comes to the forefront in business strategy. As a means of scenario planning, several approaches have been proposed and conducted. However, previous research, mainly having resorted to the expert judgment for planning and evaluation, still remains conceptual and lacks a systematic link to the planning process. In response, this paper provides an integrative approach to the technology roadmap and system dynamics to support scenario planning. The proposed approach consists of three parts: scenario building, technology roadmapping, and system dynamics simulation. The first step is to construct the scenarios which are used as inputs for the scenario planning. Second, technology roadmap is developed, incorporating the scenarios built in the first step. The technology roadmap works as a strategic framework to realize the hypothetical scenarios, linking the external and hypothetical business and internal strategies. Finally, the strategic model for technology roadmap is transferred to the operational viewpoint using system dynamics. When the simulation ends, the result of each scenario is reflected to the technology roadmapping, making the multi-path technology roadmapping. As an illustrative example, three scenarios of car-sharing business are developed and analyzed.

Youngjung Geum; Sora Lee; Yongtae Park

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Evaluation on the harm effects of accidental releases from cryo-compressed hydrogen tank for fuel cell cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Cryogenic compressed hydrogen tank may open new possibilities for onboard storage due to its high energy density and acceptable thermal endurance. As promising hydrogen storage for commercial use, its hazards need comprehensive investigation. This paper studies the consequences of accidental hydrogen releases from cryo-compressed storage and evaluates the cold effects, thermal effects, and overpressure and missile effects. Two typical storage conditions for a fuel cell car are considered, including driving condition and quasi-venting condition after a long-term of parking. Results show that flash fire and vapor cloud explosion can be considered as the leading consequences. Without ignition, catastrophic rupture may be more dangerous than leakages but with ignition the results may vary for different release diameters. For leakages, quasi-venting condition may be more dangerous than driving condition. However, for catastrophic rupture, the results may be not uniformed but depend on whether and when the hydrogen is ignited. Moreover, the influences of wind velocity and atmospheric pressure are also investigated.

Zhiyong Li; Xiangmin Pan; Ke Sun; Jianxin Ma

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Solar-hydrogen energy as an alternative energy source for mobile robots and the new-age car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The disastrous effects of climate change as witnessed in recent violent storms, and the stark reality that fossil fuels are not going to last forever, is certain to create renewed demands for alternative energy sources. One such alternative source, namely solar energy, although unreliable because of its dependence on available sunlight, can nevertheless be utilised to generate a secondary source of energy, namely hydrogen, which can be stored and thereby provide a constant and reliable source of energy. The only draw-back with hydrogen, though, is finding efficient means for its storage. This study demonstrates how this problem can be overcome by the use of metal hydrides which offers a very compact and safe way of storing hydrogen. It also provides a case study of how solar and hydrogen energy can be combined in an energy system to provide an efficient source of energy that can be applied for modern technologies such as a mobile robot. Hydrogen energy holds out the most promise amongst the various alternative energy sources, so much so that it is proving to be the energy source of choice for automobile manufacturers in their quest for alternative fuels to power their cars of the future.

A Sulaiman; F Inambao; G Bright

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Freedom car and vehicle technologies heavy vehicle program : FY 2007 benefits analysis, methodology and results -- final report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the approach to estimating the benefits and analysis results for the Heavy Vehicle Technologies activities of the FreedomCar and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) Program of EERE. The scope of the effort includes: (1) Characterizing baseline and advanced technology vehicles for Class 3-6 and Class 7 and 8 trucks, (2) Identifying technology goals associated with the DOE EERE programs, (3) Estimating the market potential of technologies that improve fuel efficiency and/or use alternative fuels, (4) Determining the petroleum and greenhouse gas emissions reductions associated with the advanced technologies. In FY 05 the Heavy Vehicles program activity expanded its technical involvement to more broadly address various sources of energy loss as compared to focusing more narrowly on engine efficiency and alternative fuels. This broadening of focus has continued in subsequent activities. These changes are the result of a planning effort that occurred during FY 04 and 05. (Ref. 1) This narrative describes characteristics of the heavy truck market as they relate to the analysis, a description of the analysis methodology (including a discussion of the models used to estimate market potential and benefits), and a presentation of the benefits estimated as a result of the adoption of the advanced technologies. The market penetrations are used as part of the EERE-wide integrated analysis to provide final benefit estimates reported in the FY07 Budget Request. The energy savings models are utilized by the FCVT program for internal project management purposes.

SIngh, M.; Energy Systems; TA Engineering

2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

428

IMPROVING THE NATION'S ENERGY SECURITY: CAN CARS AND TRUCKS BE MADE MORE FUEL EFFICIENT - Testimony to the U.S. House of Representatives Science Committee, February 9, 2005  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IMPROVING THE NATION'S ENERGY SECURITY: CAN CARS AND TRUCKS IMPROVING THE NATION'S ENERGY SECURITY: CAN CARS AND TRUCKS BE MADE MORE FUEL EFFICIENT? 2:00 pm, Wednesday, February 9, 2005 Rayburn House Office Building, Room 2318 by Dr. David L. Greene Corporate Fellow Engineering Science and Technology Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory 1. WHAT ARE THE POLICY OPTIONS FOR ENCOURAGING THE ADOPTION OF FUEL EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES AND THEIR ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES? There are many ways to structure policies to achieve significant increases in fuel economy effectively and efficiently. I will focus on five below. It is possible to create policies that are reasonably effective, efficient, and fair. Our own experience with our CAFE standards and difficulties we have had updating the CAFE law indicates that we should also prefer policies that

429

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Building Survey Information Database of Buildings over 100 Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems research project, one of six research elements in the Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design of Small Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated

430

Problem 10.2: Find a differential equation to describe the vertical bouncing of a car, if the suspension at each corner consists of a shock absorber inside a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, if the suspension at each corner consists of a shock absorber inside a coil spring, connecting the frame of the car of the middle of the A-arm is x/2, and the magnitude of the compression of each shock and spring is |x - x/2 the vertical bouncing of a car, if the suspension at each corner consists of a coil-over-shock element angled

431

Experimental study on the effects of high/low pressure EGR proportion in a passenger car diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An experimental study was conducted to investigate the effects of the proportion between high pressure and low pressure exhaust gas recirculation (HP/LP EGR) on engine operation. The study focused on the characteristics of combustion, emissions, and fuel consumption in a 2.2 L passenger car diesel engine. The experiments were performed under three part-load and steady-state operating conditions. The LP EGR portion was swept from 0 to 1, while the mass flow rate of fresh air and boost pressure were fixed. The results showed that the intake manifold temperature decreased gradually as the LP EGR portion increased due to its greater cooling capability by a longer supply line and an intercooler. However, the required cooling power for the intercooler increased because the LP EGR gas, which has a higher temperature than the fresh air, was induced upstream of the compressor. The lowered intake manifold temperature with the increase of the LP EGR portion led to the prolonged ignition delay of pilot injections, which resulted in a slightly higher peak heat release rate in the main combustion. A higher LP EGR portion showed a lower fuel consumption level than the HP EGR only case because the variable geometry turbocharger (VGT) nozzle opened more widely to maintain the boost pressure, which means a lower pumping loss. Nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions were also decreased as the LP EGR portion increased due to lowered intake charge temperature. Consequently, it was possible to improve the trade-off relationship between \\{NOx\\} emissions and fuel consumption with the increase of the LP EGR portion under steady-state operating conditions.

Youngsoo Park; Choongsik Bae

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

LARGE-APERTURE D- ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vignetted current profile at accelerator entrance aperture 'LARGE-APERTURE D" ACCELERATORS* 0. A. Anderson" " Lawrencen i a 9-1720 Abstract Accelerator designs are described for

Anderson, O.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Taking the 'Large' out of Large Hadron Collider: Computational Breakthrough  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Home » News & Publications » News » Science News » Taking the 'Large' out of Large Hadron Collider Taking the 'Large' out of Large Hadron Collider Computational breakthrough hastens modeling of 'tabletop accelerators' August 9, 2010 | Tags: Accelerator Science Contact: Margie Wylie | mwylie@lbl.gov | 510-486-7421 mori1 This 3D simulation shows how laser pulses create plasma wakes that propel electrons forward, much as a surfer is propelled forward by an ocean wave. Laser wakefield acceleration promises electron accelerators that are thousands of times more powerful than, yet a fraction the size of, conventional radio frequency devices. Particle accelerators like the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN are the big rock stars of high-energy physics-really big. The LHC cost nearly

434

Rethinking Hydrogen Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...substitutes. References 1. See www.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenfuel...petroleum substitutes. References See www.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenfuel...Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) includes presentations on transportation...

David W. Keith; Alexander E. Farrell

2003-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

435

Rethinking Hydrogen Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cleanly or used in fuel cells and so can reduce air pollution; (ii) it emits...oil dependence. Air Quality Hydrogen...cost-effective solutions (9). Emissions...SO 2 per GJ of fuel(kg SO 2 /GJ...08 39 0.70 Fossil fuel electricity...

David W. Keith; Alexander E. Farrell

2003-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

436

Rethinking Hydrogen Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...provides an introduction to biomass energy...The Renewable Fuels Association...The National Biodiesel Board offers an introduction to bio-diesel...transportation fuels and vehicles...Department of Engineering and Public Policy...

David W. Keith; Alexander E. Farrell

2003-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

437

Toyota Prius Plug-In HEV: A Plug-In Hybrid Electric Car in NREL's Advanced Technology Vehicle Fleet (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet highlights the Toyota Prius plug-in HEV, a plug-in hybrid electric car in the advanced technology vehicle fleet at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). In partnership with the University of Colorado, NREL uses the vehicle for grid-integration studies and for testing new hardware and charge-management algorithms. NREL's advanced technology vehicle fleet features promising technologies to increase efficiency and reduce emissions without sacrificing safety or comfort. The fleet serves as a technology showcase, helping visitors learn about innovative vehicles that are available today or are in development. Vehicles in the fleet are representative of current, advanced, prototype, and emerging technologies.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Solvatochromism in a Pyridinium Cyclopentadienylide: Insights from a Sequential Car–Parrinello QM/MM and TD-DFT/Semicontinuum Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In particular, the structure modeling has been carried out using a Car–Parrinello hybrid QM/MM molecular dynamics approach, while the excitation energies were computed using time dependent density functional theory. ... We also aim to investigate the contribution from solvent-induced geometry (indirect solvent effect) and the direct solvent effect on the excitation energy and to characterize the nature of the solvatochromic band. ... This takes into account the polarization of the QM region due to the instantaneous electric field generated by the atomic charges of MM atoms. ...

N. Arul Murugan

2014-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

439

Large Sheet Process Consolidation Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this project is to reduce labor costs through the consolidation of large sheet processes into the Beta and Alpha manufacturing plants. The consolidation of equipment and departments will allow for the reduction of indirect labor...

Johnson, Keith

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

440

Extra-Large Memory Nodes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

need. Interactive Jobs with X-windows Forwarding To use large analytical tools such as Matlab, you can request an interactive job with X-windows forwarding enabled. Running the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Finding $\\eta$ Car Analogs in Nearby Galaxies Using Spitzer: II. Identification of An Emerging Class of Extragalactic Self-Obscured Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding the late-stage evolution of the most massive stars such as $\\eta$ Carinae is challenging because no true analogs of $\\eta$ Car have been clearly identified in the Milky Way or other galaxies. In Khan et. al. (2013), we utilized Spitzer IRAC images of $7$ nearby ($\\lesssim4$ Mpc) galaxies to search for such analogs, and found $34$ candidates with flat or red mid-IR spectral energy distributions. Here, in Paper II, we present our characterization of these candidates using multi-wavelength data from the optical through the far-IR. Our search detected no true analogs of $\\eta$ Car, which implies an eruption rate that is a fraction $0.01\\lesssim F \\lesssim 0.19$ of the ccSN rate. This is roughly consistent with each $M_{ZAMS} \\gtrsim 70M_\\odot$ star undergoing $1$ or $2$ outbursts in its lifetime. However, we do identify a significant population of $18$ lower luminosity $\\left(\\log(L/L_\\odot)\\simeq5.5-6.0\\right)$ dusty stars. Stars enter this phase at a rate that is fraction $0.09 \\lesssim F \\lesssim...

Khan, Rubab; Stanek, K Z; Gerke, Jill

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Analysis of the energy and environmental effects of green car deployment by an integrating energy system model with a forecasting model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By 2020, Korea has set itself the challenging target of reducing nationwide greenhouse gas emissions by 30%, more than the BAU (Business as Usual) scenario, as the implementation goal required to achieve the new national development paradigm of green growth. To achieve such a target, it is necessary to diffuse innovative technologies with the capacity to drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions. To that end, the ripple effect of diffusing innovative technologies on the energy and environment must be quantitatively analyzed using an energy system analysis model such as the MARKAL (Market Allocation) model. However, energy system analysis models based on an optimization methodology have certain limitations in that a technology with superior cost competitiveness dominates the whole market and non-cost factors cannot be considered. Therefore, this study proposes a new methodology for overcoming problems associated with the use of MARKAL models, by interfacing with a forecasting model based on the discrete-choice model. The new methodology was applied to green car technology to verify its usefulness and to study the ripple effects of green car technology on greenhouse gas reduction. The results of this study can be used as a reference when establishing a strategy for effectively reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the transportation sector, and could be of assistance to future studies using the energy system analysis model.

Duk Hee Lee; Sang Yong Park; Jong Chul Hong; Sang Jin Choi; Jong Wook Kim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

LARGE DISPLAY RESEARCH As large displays become more affordable, researchers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-hung displays. A precipitous price drop has also occurred in the last few years, and the average computer are investigating their effects on productivity, and techniques for making the large display user experience more effective. Recent work has demonstrated significant productivity benefits, but has also identified numerous

Rajamani, Sriram K.

444

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Wednesday, 31 August 2011 00:00 From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

445

Splitting and Confirming Large File  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Splitting and Confirming Large File Splitting and Confirming Large File Name: Bradley C. Status: Student Age: 16 Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: June 2003 Question: I just calculated one billion digits of pi on my PC, how do I confirm them? I cannot access them because the file size is 1.28 GB, my ram is only 512 MB, meaning none of my word processor's will touch it. Is it possible to split the document, somehow? Then how do I confirm the digits? Replies: Checking the correctness of large numbers -- transcendental numbers like 'pi', or a large prime -- is not easy because there are many sources of error that are difficult to detect, or track down. Some, but by no means all are: 1. How "good" (that is convergent) is the algorithm? If, for example the algorithm is some sort of infinite series, there is always a truncation error, because you cannot compute an infinite number of terms in a finite amount of time. The further out you go in the algorithm, the more significant these errors become.

446

Riddell Revolution Speed Adult Large  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Available: Adult Football Helmet Detailed Ratings May 2012 Riddell 360 Sample 1 2 3 Size Adult Large Adult.237 0.239 Overall STAR 0.239 Best Available: A total of 15 adult football helmet models that have been values. Helmet Ratings #12;Adult Football Helmet Detailed Ratings May 2012 Schutt ION 4D Sample 1 2 3

Lu, Chang

447

A Car–Parrinello and path integral molecular dynamics study of the intramolecular lithium bond in the lithium 2-pyridyl- N -oxide acetate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lithium bonding in lithium 2-pyridyl- N -oxide acetate has been investigated using classic Car–Parrinello molecular dynamics (CPMD) and the path integral approach [path integrals molecular dynamics (PIMD)]. The simulations have been performed in 300 K. Structures energies and lithium trajectories have been determined. The CPMD results show that the lithium atom is generally equidistant between heavy atoms in the ( O ? Li ? O ) bridge. Applying quantum effects through the PIMD leads to similar conclusion. The theoretical lithium 2-pyridyl- N -oxide acetate infrared spectrum has also been determined using the CPMD calculations. This shows very good agreement with available experimental results and reproduces well the broad low-frequency band observed experimentally. In order to gain deeper understanding of the nature of the lithium bonding topological analysis of the electron localization function has been applied.

Piotr Durlak; Zdzis?aw Latajka; S?awomir Berski

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Reactivity of Niobium?Carbon Cluster Ions with Hydrogen Molecules in Relation to Formation Mechanism of Met?Car Cluster Ions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reactivity of Niobium?Carbon Cluster Ions with Hydrogen Molecules in Relation to Formation Mechanism of Met?Car Cluster Ions ... After the multiple collisions of He and H2 in the collision cell, the cluster ions entered the vacuum chamber (typically ?8 × 10?4 Torr) and were introduced into the differentially pumped chamber through a skimmer, where the cluster ions were accelerated orthogonally by a pulsed electric field for the time-of-flight mass analysis. ... The nonreactivity of NbnCm+ with H2 indicates that the energy barrier for the H2 attachment is high enough or the H2 attachment is energetically unfavorable (or both), meaning that NbnCm+ has a negative H2 affinity. ...

Ken Miyajima; Naoya Fukushima; Fumitaka Mafuné

2008-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

449

large hydro | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

large hydro large hydro Dataset Summary Description The Planning Database Project provides the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) with regular data to track progress towards achieving EU targets for electricity generation from renewable energy (RE) sources. Extracts from the database are available each month. Information collected in the database includes: name, location and installed capacity of RE projects over 0.1MW; environmental designations; planning status; and construction status. Included here is the October 2010 Progress Datasheet, and an extract from December, 15, 2010 (i.e. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released December 15th, 2010 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biomass co-firing installed capacity

450

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

451

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

452

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

453

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

454

Imagine a day, you drove your car without spilling a dime from your pocket? A day, you pay just a dollar bill for your monthly electrical energy consumption? Yes, this is what renewable energy resources does! We  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pay just a dollar bill for your monthly electrical energy consumption? Yes, this is what renewable Imagine a day, you drove your car without spilling a dime from your pocket? A day, you energy resources does! We have means to achieve this if we make use of the natural resources

Kostic, Milivoje M.

455

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Energy Impact Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Energy Impact Report Statewide Energy Impact Report are part of the Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems research project. The reports: Productivity and Interior Environments Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design

456

Large aperture diffractive space telescope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A large (10's of meters) aperture space telescope including two separate spacecraft--an optical primary objective lens functioning as a magnifying glass and an optical secondary functioning as an eyepiece. The spacecraft are spaced up to several kilometers apart with the eyepiece directly behind the magnifying glass "aiming" at an intended target with their relative orientation determining the optical axis of the telescope and hence the targets being observed. The objective lens includes a very large-aperture, very-thin-membrane, diffractive lens, e.g., a Fresnel lens, which intercepts incoming light over its full aperture and focuses it towards the eyepiece. The eyepiece has a much smaller, meter-scale aperture and is designed to move along the focal surface of the objective lens, gathering up the incoming light and converting it to high quality images. The positions of the two space craft are controlled both to maintain a good optical focus and to point at desired targets which may be either earth bound or celestial.

Hyde, Roderick A. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Large Aperture Electrostatic Dust Detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diagnosis and management of dust inventories generated in next-step magnetic fusion devices is necessary for their safe operation. A novel electrostatic dust detector, based on a fine grid of interlocking circuit traces biased to 30 or 50 ? has been developed for the detection of dust particles on remote surfaces in air and vacuum environments. Impinging dust particles create a temporary short circuit and the resulting current pulse is recorded by counting electronics. Up to 90% of the particles are ejected from the grid or vaporized suggesting the device may be useful for controlling dust inventories. We report measurements of the sensitivity of a large area (5x5 cm) detector to microgram quantities of dust particles and review its applications to contemporary tokamaks and ITER.

C.H. Skinner, R. Hensley, and A.L Roquemore

2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

458

Large optics inspection, tilting, and washing stand  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A large optics stand provides a risk free means of safely tilting large optics with ease and a method of safely tilting large optics with ease. The optics are supported in the horizontal position by pads. In the vertical plane the optics are supported by saddles that evenly distribute the optics weight over a large area.

Ayers, Marion Jay (Brentwood, CA); Ayers, Shannon Lee (Brentwood, CA)

2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

459

Next Generation of Engineering Methods and Tools for SOA-Based Large-Scale and Distributed Process Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results. The electric car charging optimiser could play a crucial role in the smoothing out of power consumption and making energy production more efficient. It... 9 ...

Robert Harrison; C. Stuart McLeod…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Relaxing a large cosmological constant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cosmological constant (CC) problem is the biggest enigma of theoretical physics ever. In recent times, it has been rephrased as the dark energy problem in order to encompass a wider spectrum of possibilities. It is, in any case, a polyhedric puzzle with many faces, including the cosmic coincidence problem, i.e. why the density of matter is presently so close to the CC density. However, the oldest, toughest and most intriguing face of this polyhedron is the big CC problem, namely why the measured value of the CC at present is so small as compared to any typical density scale existing in high energy physics, especially taking into account the many phase transitions that our Universe has undergone since the early times, including inflation. In this letter, we propose to extend the field equations of General Relativity by including a class of invariant terms that automatically relax the value of the CC irrespective of the initial size of the vacuum energy in the early epochs. We show that, at late times, the Universe enters an eternal de Sitter stage mimicking a tiny positive cosmological constant. Thus, these models could solve the big CC problem and have also a bearing on the cosmic coincidence problem. Remarkably, they mimic the LCDM model to a large extent, but they still leave some characteristic imprints that should be testable in the next generation of experiments.

Florian Bauer; Joan Sola; Hrvoje Stefancic

2009-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program Oil Bypass Filter Technology Evaluation - Sixth Quarterly Report, January - March 2004  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Oil Bypass Filter Technology Evaluation quarterly report (January-March 2004) details the ongoing fleet evaluation of an oil bypass filter technology by the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for the U.S. Department of Energy's FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program. Eight four-cycle diesel-engine buses used to transport INEEL employees on various routes have been equipped with oil bypass filter systems from the puraDYN Corporation. The bypass filters are reported to have engine oil filtering capability of <1 micron and a built-in additive package to facilitate extended oil-drain intervals. This quarter, the heavy-duty buses traveled 88,747 miles, and as of the end of March 2004, the eight buses have accumulated 412,838 total test miles without requiring an oil change. This represents an avoidance of 34 oil changes, which equates to 1,199 quarts (300 gallons) of new oil not consumed and, furthermore, 1,199 quarts of waste oil not generated.

U.S. Department of Energy; Larry Zirker

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program Oil Bypass Filter Technology Evaluation Fifth Quarterly Report October - December 2003  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Oil Bypass Filter Technology Evaluation quarterly report (October-December 2003) details the ongoing fleet evaluation of an oil bypass filter technology by the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for the U.S. Department of Energy's FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program. Eight four-cycle diesel-engine buses used to transport INEEL employees on various routes have been equipped with oil bypass filter systems from the puraDYN Corporation. The bypass filters are reported to have engine oil filtering capability of <1 micron and a built-in additive package to facilitate extended oil-drain intervals. To date, the eight buses have accumulated 324,091 test miles. This represents an avoidance of 27 oil changes, which equate to 952 quarts (238 gallons) of new oil not conserved and therefore, 952 quarts of waste oil not generated. To validate the extended oil-drain intervals, an oil-analysis regime is used to evaluate the fitness of the oil for continued service by monitoring the presence of necessary additives, undesirable contaminants, and engine-wear metals. The test fleet has been expanded to include six Chevrolet Tahoe sport utility vehicles with gasoline engines.

Larry Zirker; James Francfort

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Sustainability of Large Photovoltaic Deployment: Environmental Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainability of Large Photovoltaic Deployment: Environmental Research Sustainability of Large Photovoltaic Deployment: Environmental ResearchEnvironmental ResearchEnvironmental Research Vasilis Fthenakis and Te from Cadmium Telluride Photovoltaic Manufacturing Scrap, Progress in Photovoltaics: Research

Homes, Christopher C.

464

Production of Large Quantities of Heavy Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... concentrates of the new water are now produced on a large scale in Norway by Norsk Hydro-Elektrisk Kvælstofaktieselskab, Oslo. Large quantities of ‘1: 300-water’ can be ...

LEIF TRONSTAD

1934-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

465

Restoration of Large Damage Volumes in Polymers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Restoration of Large...regenerative power of tissues...synthetic system that restores...hours. After restoration of impact damage...tripodal ligand system based on the...Ed., CRC Handbook of Chemistry...construction. Restoration of Large...

S. R. White; J. S. Moore; N. R. Sottos; B. P. Krull; W. A. Santa Cruz; R. C. R. Gergely

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

466

Radio Astronomy with Very Large Arrray  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...construction of the Very Large Array of radio telk...role of the Very Large Array in c research...control building. atmosphere is transpi mainly...their wave-00. Large optical V,Iu...radia-tion to the area ofthe sky covered...Neutral H: 1420.4 MHz H, He, and so on...

R. M. Hjellming; R. C. Bignell

1982-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

467

Conundrum of the Large Scale Streaming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The etiology of the large scale peculiar velocity (large scale streaming motion) of clusters would increasingly seem more tenuous, within the context of the gravitational instability hypothesis. Are there any alternative testable models possibly accounting for such large scale streaming of clusters?

T. M. Malm

1999-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

468

Final Scientific/Technical Report for DE-FG02-07ER64500 Study of Lignocellulosic Material Degradation with CARS Microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The program of research undertaken by our Harvard group, in collaboration with Dr. Ding at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, CO, seeks to introduce, validate and apply a new analytical technique to study the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into ethanol. This conversion process has been the subject of intense interest over the past few years because of its potential to provide a clean, renewable source of energy to meet increasing global demand. During the funding period, we have clearly demonstrated visualization of lignin and cellulose using intrinsic vibrational contrast with simulated Raman scattering (SRS) microscopy, developed at Harvard. Our approach offers high spatial resolution and time resolution that is sufficient to capture the kinetics of a pre?treatment process. This is reflected by the publications listed below, as well as the use of SRS microscopy at NREL as a routine analysis tool for research on lignocellulosic biomass. In our original proposal, we envisioned moving to near?field CARS imaging in order to perform chemical mapping at the nanoscale. However, given the dramatic progress made by our group in SRS imaging, we concentrated our efforts on using multi?component SRS (lignin, cellulose, lipid, water, protein, deuterated metabolites, etc.) to quantitatively understand the spatially dispersed kinetics in a variety of plant samples under a variety of conditions. In addition, we built a next generation laser system based on fiber laser technology that allowed rugged and portable instrumentation for SRS microscopy. We also pursued new imaging approaches to improve the acquisition speed of SRS imaging of lignocellulose without sacrificing signal?to?noise ratio. This allowed us to image larger volumes of tissue with higher time resolution to get a more comprehensive picture of the heterogeneity of this chemical process from the submicron up to the centimeter scale.

Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney; Ding, Shi-You

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

469

Winter Car Kit Suggested items to keep in your car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/ pocket knife Necessary medications Several blankets Sleeping bags Extra newspapers for insulation Plastic challenges for even the most diligent of drivers. Snow and ice make driving more difficult and sometimes even are the biggest hazard of winter driving- caused by ice, slushy snow or rain. Roads are especially slick following

Myers, Lawrence C.

470

Large-eddy simulations of scramjet engines.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The main objective of this dissertation is to develop large-eddy simulation (LES) based computational tools for supersonic inlet and combustor design. In the recent past,… (more)

Koo, Heeseok

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Large power grid analysis using domain decomposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large power grid analysis using domain decomposition Quming Zhou, Kai Sun, Kartik Mohanram, Danny C referred to as the power grid. The power grid for a modern integrated circuit may consist of several grid is traditionally described as a large-scale linear system. Simulation of power grids usually

Mohanram, Kartik

472

Future Developments of Large Electric Generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Future Developments of Large Electric Generators C. Concordia Several observations can...continual development of large electric generators: 1. The tendency toward always increasing...unbalanced loading. 5. The type of steam generator as it may influence a tendency to use...

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Microfluidic Large-Scale Integration: The Evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microfluidic Large-Scale Integration: The Evolution of Design Rules for Biological Automation, polydimethylsiloxane Abstract Microfluidic large-scale integration (mLSI) refers to the develop- ment of microfluidic, are discussed. Several microfluidic components used as building blocks to create effective, complex, and highly

Quake, Stephen R.

474

Suppression of color screening at large N  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In large-N QCD, deconfinement by color screening is suppressed. The adjoint string tension is twice the fundamental string tension. Consequences for models of confinement are discussed, and a simple model of a confining large-N master field is given.

J. Greensite and M. B. Halpern

1983-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Bringing Electric Cars to Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agency, overcome (when EV sales reach 5 to 10 percent of thesales by which they fall below the quota. The mandate also permits manufacturers to trade EV

Sperling, Daniel

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Car negie Mellon Univer sity.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 211 M lti edia and Ani ation er vi es 212 21 e ote C sto er nter a tion 21 22r ansr i tion er vi an esor e er vi es M lti edia and Ani ation er vi es e ote C sto er nter a tionr ansr i tion er vi es Call

477

U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program: Oil Bypass Filter Technology Evaluation Seventh Quarterly Report April - June 2004  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Oil Bypass Filter Technology Evaluation quarterly report (April–June 2004) details the ongoing fleet evaluation of an oil bypass filter technology by the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program. Eight INEEL four-cycle diesel engine buses used to transport INEEL employees on various routes and six INEEL Chevrolet Tahoes with gasoline engines are equipped with oil bypass filter systems from the puraDYN Corporation. The bypass filters are reported to have engine oil filtering capability of <1 micron and a built-in additive package to facilitate extended oil-drain intervals. This quarter, the eight diesel engine buses traveled 85,632 miles. As of the end of June 2004, the eight buses have accumulated 498,814 miles since the beginning of the test and 473,192 miles without an oil change. This represents an avoidance of 39 oil changes, which equates to 1,374 quarts (343 gallons) of new oil not consumed and, furthermore, 1,374 quarts of waste oil not generated. One bus had its oil changed due to the degraded quality of the engine oil. Also this quarter, the six Tahoe test vehicles traveled 48,193 miles; to date, the six Tahoes have accumulated 109,708 total test miles. The oil for all six of the Tahoes was changed this quarter due to low Total Base Numbers (TBN). The oil used initially in the Tahoe testing was recycled oil; the recycled oil has been replaced with Castrol virgin oil, and the testing was restarted. However, the six Tahoe’s did travel a total of 98,266 miles on the initial engine oil. This represents an avoidance of 26 oil changes, which equates to 130 quarts (32.5 gallons) of new oil not consumed and, consequently, 130 quarts of waste oil not generated. Based on the number of oil changes avoided by the test buses and Tahoes to date, the potential engine oil savings if an oil bypass filter system were used was estimated for the INEEL, DOE complex and all Federal fleets of on-road vehicles. The estimated potential annual engine oil savings for the three fleets are: INEEL – 3,400 gallons, all DOE fleets – 32,000 gallons, and all Federal fleet – 1.7 million gallons.

Larry Zirker; James Francfort; Jordan Fielding

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Asymptotic and measured large frequency separations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the space-borne missions CoRoT and Kepler, a large amount of asteroseismic data is now available. So-called global oscillation parameters are inferred to characterize the large sets of stars, to perform ensemble asteroseismology, and to derive scaling relations. The mean large separation is such a key parameter. It is therefore crucial to measure it with the highest accuracy. As the conditions of measurement of the large separation do not coincide with its theoretical definition, we revisit the asymptotic expressions used for analysing the observed oscillation spectra. Then, we examine the consequence of the difference between the observed and asymptotic values of the mean large separation. The analysis is focused on radial modes. We use series of radial-mode frequencies to compare the asymptotic and observational values of the large separation. We propose a simple formulation to correct the observed value of the large separation and then derive its asymptotic counterpart. We prove that, apart from glitc...

Mosser, B; Belkacem, K; Goupil, M J; Baglin, A; Barban, C; Provost, J; Samadi, R; Auvergne, M; Catala, C

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Large Energy Users Program | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Large Energy Users Program Large Energy Users Program Large Energy Users Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Other Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate Prescriptive: Varies by equipment type Custom: $200,000 or 30% per project Total Prescriptive and Custom combined: $400,000 per calendar year Program Info Funding Source Focus On Energy Start Date 04/01/2012 Expiration Date 12/31/2013 State Wisconsin Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Prescriptive: Varies by equipment type

480

Very Large System Dynamics Models - Lessons Learned  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper provides lessons learned from developing several large system dynamics (SD) models. System dynamics modeling practice emphasize the need to keep models small so that they are manageable and understandable. This practice is generally reasonable and prudent; however, there are times that large SD models are necessary. This paper outlines two large SD projects that were done at two Department of Energy National Laboratories, the Idaho National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories. This paper summarizes the models and then discusses some of the valuable lessons learned during these two modeling efforts.

Jacob J. Jacobson; Leonard Malczynski

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "large 2-seater car" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Detangling the impacts of age, residential locations and household lifecycle in car usage and ownership in the Osaka metropolitan area, Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using large cross-sectional datasets that were collected in the Osaka metropolitan area (OMA), Japan, this study systematically analyzes the structural changes ... is developed for individuals that considers age,...

Yi-lin Sun; Yusak O. Susilo; E. Owen D. Waygood…

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Large Wind Technology | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Large Wind Technology Large Wind Technology Large Wind Technology The Wind Program works with industry partners to increase the performance and reliability of large wind technologies while lowering the cost of wind energy. The program's research efforts have helped to increase the average capacity factor (a measure of power plant productivity) from 22% for wind turbines installed before 1998 to 35% for turbines installed between 2004 and 2007. Wind energy costs have been reduced from over 55 cents (current dollars) per kilowatt-hour (kWh) in 1980 to under six cents/kWh today. To ensure future industry growth, the technology must continue to evolve, building on earlier successes to further improve reliability, increase capacity factors, and reduce costs. This page describes the goal of the

483

Carderock Large Cavitation Tunnel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Large Cavitation Tunnel Large Cavitation Tunnel Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Carderock Large Cavitation Tunnel Overseeing Organization United States Naval Surface Warfare Center Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Tunnel Length(m) 13.1 Beam(m) 3.0 Depth(m) 3.0 Water Type Freshwater Cost(per day) Contact POC Special Physical Features The Large Cavitation Channel was designed as a variable pressure, recirculating, cavitation tunnel with a very low acoustic background level; test section pressure: 3.5-414 kPa (0.03 to 4 atmospheres, 0.5 to 60 psia); air content: 10% to 100% saturation Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities None Channel/Tunnel/Flume Velocity(m/s) 18 Recirculating Yes Wind Capabilities

484

Nanophosphors for Large Area Radiation Detectors  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Homeland Security & Defense » Homeland Security & Defense » Nanophosphors for Large Area Radiation Detectors Nanophosphors for Large Area Radiation Detectors The present invention includes a composition comprising nanophosphor particles capped with a ligand. June 25, 2013 Nanophosphors for Large Area Radiation Detectors The present invention includes a composition comprising nanophosphor particles capped with a ligand. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Nanophosphors for Large Area Radiation Detectors The present invention includes a composition comprising nanophosphor particles capped with a ligand. The nanophosphor particles have are less than or equal to 20 nanometers. The composition has at least one lanthanide and at least one halide. The weight percent of lanthanide

485

large-point | netl.doe.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Carbon Dioxide Capture from Large Point Sources Project No.: FG02-04ER83925 SBIR Commercial hollow fiber membrane cartridge. Commercial hollow fiber membrane cartridge 6"(D) X...

486

Alfvénic waves and alignment of large grains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The alignment of grains under the influence of the Alfvenic waves is discussed. It is shown that even small deviations from grain uniformity result in the alignment of large (l > 6?10?5 cm) grains. The latter res...

A. Lazarian

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Large Grain Superconducting RF Cavities at DESY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DESY R and D program on cavities fabricated from large grain niobium explores the potential of this material for the production of approx. 1000 nine-cell cavities for the European XFEL. The program investigates basic material properties, comparing large grain material to standard sheet niobium, as well as fabrication and preparation aspects. Several single-cell cavities of TESLA shape have been fabricated from large grain niobium. A gradient up to 41 MV/m at Q0 = 1.4{center_dot}1010 (TB = 2K) was measured after electropolishing. The first three large grain nine-cell cavities worldwide have been produced under contract of DESY with ACCEL Instruments Co. The first tests have shown that all three cavities reach an accelerating gradient up to 30 MV/m after BCP (Buffered Chemical Polishing) treatment, what exceeds the XFEL requirements for RF test in the vertical cryostat.

Singer, W.; Brinkmann, A.; Ermakov, A.; Iversen, J.; Kreps, G.; Matheisen, A.; Proch, D.; Reschke, D.; Singer, X.; Spiwek, M.; Wen, H.; Brokmeier, H. G. [DESY, Notkestrasse 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany); GKSS, Max-Planck-Strasse, D-21502 Geesthacht (Germany)

2007-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

488

Program Management for Large Scale Engineering Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The goal of this whitepaper is to summarize the LAI research that applies to program management. The context of most of the research discussed in this whitepaper are large-scale engineering programs, particularly in the ...

Oehmen, Josef

489

Very Large Hailstones From Aurora, Nebraska  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Aurora, Nebraska, hailstorm of 22 June 2003 produced some exceptionally large hailstones, and was widely publicized. Nineteen hailstones obtained from local people have been sectioned and photographed and eight are illustrated here, recording ...

Charles A. Knight; Nancy C. Knight

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Large-Scale Wind Training Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Project objective is to develop a credit-bearing wind technician program and a non-credit safety training program, train faculty, and purchase/install large wind training equipment.

Porter, Richard L. [Hudson Valley Community College

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Director's colloquium March 18 large hadron collider  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

talk about the most complex scientific instrument ever built-the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). March 10, 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in...

492

Finite N from Resurgent Large N  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Due to instanton effects, gauge-theoretic large N expansions yield asymptotic series, in powers of 1/N^2. The present work shows how to generically make such expansions meaningful via their completion into resurgent transseries, encoding both perturbative and nonperturbative data. Large N resurgent transseries compute gauge-theoretic finite N results nonperturbatively (no matter how small N is). Explicit calculations are carried out within the gauge theory prototypical example of the quartic matrix model. Due to integrability in the matrix model, it is possible to analytically compute (fixed integer) finite N results. At the same time, the large N resurgent transseries for the free energy of this model was recently constructed. Together, it is shown how the resummation of the large N resurgent transseries matches the analytical finite N results up to remarkable numerical accuracy. Due to lack of Borel summability, Stokes phenomena has to be carefully taken into account, implying that instantons play a dominan...

Couso-Santamaría, Ricardo; Vaz, Ricardo

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Bayesian Analysis for Large Spatial Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

simulations, so Bayesian approach is infeasible for large sample size n due to the current computational power limit. In this dissertation, we propose two approaches to address this computational issue, namely, the auxiliary lattice model (ALM) approach...

Park, Jincheol

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

494

DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications.  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications Large scale Python and other dynamic applications may spend huge...

495

Category:LargeHotel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LargeHotel LargeHotel Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Building Type Media in category "LargeHotel" The following 77 files are in this category, out of 77 total. SVLargeHotel Bismarck ND Montana-Dakota Utilities Co (North Dakota).png SVLargeHotel Bismarck ... 70 KB SVLargeHotel International Falls MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png SVLargeHotel Internati... 85 KB SVLargeHotel LA CA City of Los Angeles California (Utility Company).png SVLargeHotel LA CA Cit... 88 KB SVLargeHotel Memphis TN City of Memphis Tennessee (Utility Company).png SVLargeHotel Memphis T... 67 KB SVLargeHotel Minneapolis MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png SVLargeHotel Minneapol... 85 KB SVLargeHotel Minot ND Montana-Dakota Utilities Co (North Dakota).png

496

Category:LargeOffice | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LargeOffice LargeOffice Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Building Type Media in category "LargeOffice" The following 77 files are in this category, out of 77 total. SVLargeOffice Bismarck ND Montana-Dakota Utilities Co (North Dakota).png SVLargeOffice Bismarck... 69 KB SVLargeOffice Cedar City UT Moon Lake Electric Assn Inc (Utah).png SVLargeOffice Cedar Ci... 57 KB SVLargeOffice International Falls MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png SVLargeOffice Internat... 83 KB SVLargeOffice LA CA City of Los Angeles California (Utility Company).png SVLargeOffice LA CA Ci... 92 KB SVLargeOffice Memphis TN City of Memphis Tennessee (Utility Company).png SVLargeOffice Memphis ... 70 KB SVLargeOffice Minneapolis MN Northern States Power Co (Minnesota) Excel Energy.png

497

Brookhaven and the Large Hadron Collider  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Brookhaven & the Large Hadron Collider Brookhaven & the Large Hadron Collider Home News Brookhaven & ATLAS ATLAS ATLAS Calorimeter ATLAS Muon Spectrometer Construction Computing Upgrades RHIC & LHC Education LHC tunnel ATLAS detector ATLAS detector RACF BNL built superconducting magnets Brookhaven & the LHC The world's most powerful particle accelerator, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in Switzerland, powers unprecedented explorations of the deepest mysteries of the universe. In addition to serving as the U.S. host laboratory for the ATLAS experiment at the LHC, Brookhaven National Lab plays multiple roles in this international collaboration, from construction and project management to data storage and distribution. ATLAS rendering Brookhaven and ATLAS Brookhaven physicists and engineers are participating in one of the most

498

BNL | Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Large Synoptic Survey Telescope Large Synoptic Survey Telescope About LSST Digital Sensor Array Brookhaven & Physics of the Universe LSST Project Website LSST: Providing an Unprecedented View of the Cosmos rendering of the LSST site in Chile A revolutionary 3.2 gigapixel camera mounted in a massive ground-based telescope will produce unprecedented views of the cosmos, driving discoveries with the widest, densest, and most complete images of our universe ever captured. New Visions The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) will peer into space as no other telescope can. This new facility will create an unparalleled wide-field astronomical survey of our universe - wider and deeper in volume than all previous telescopes combined. The combination of a 3200 megapixel camera sensor array, a powerful supercomputer, a cutting-edge data processing and

499

Large extra dimensions and cosmological problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider a variant of the brane-world model in which the universe is the direct product of a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) space and a compact hyperbolic manifold of dimension d>~2. Cosmology in this space is particularly interesting. The dynamical evolution of the space-time leads to the injection of a large entropy into the observable (FRW) universe. The exponential dependence of surface area on distance in hyperbolic geometry makes this initial entropy very large, even if the CHM has a relatively small diameter (in fundamental units). The very large statistical averaging inherent in the collapse of the initial entropy onto the brane acts to smooth out initial inhomogeneities. This smoothing is then sufficient to account for the current homogeneity of the universe. With only mild fine-tuning, the current flatness of the universe can also then be understood. Finally, recent brane-world approaches to the hierarchy problem can be readily realized within this framework.

Glenn D. Starkman; Dejan Stojkovic; Mark Trodden

2001-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

500

Penn Large Water Tunnel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Penn Large Water Tunnel Penn Large Water Tunnel Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Penn Large Water Tunnel Overseeing Organization Pennsylvania State University Hydrodynamics Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Tunnel Length(m) 4.3 Beam(m) 1.2 Depth(m) 1.2 Water Type Freshwater Cost(per day) Contact POC Special Physical Features Closed loop; Turbulence level = 0.1%; Pressure range = 3-60psi; Controlled cavitation = # >0.1; Control Air content = >1ppm per mole Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities None Channel/Tunnel/Flume Channel/Tunnel/Flume Yes Velocity(m/s) 16.8 Recirculating Yes Pressure Range(Psi) 3 - 60 Wind Capabilities Wind Capabilities None Control and Data Acquisition Description National Instruments steady 24 bit