National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for large 2-seater car

  1. People taking part in this CAR count are counting all the large terrestrial birds, such

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    People taking part in this CAR count are counting all the large terrestrial birds, such as cranes species are monitored by CAR, of which 14 appear in the South African Red Data Book as Critically Endan gered, Vulnerable or NearThreatened. CAR counts began in 1993 and take place on the last Saturday

  2. Pooled Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaheen, Susan

    1999-01-01

    many ideas for reducing car use. Most popular of course areand promising is the idea of pooling cars. It’s an ideain Europe, and has Pooled Cars sometimes proved successful.

  3. Floating Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hess, Daniel Baldwin

    2006-01-01

    land- scape of destroyed cars provides a stark illustrationTHE ACCESS ALMANAC Floating Cars BY DANIEL BALDWIN HESS S Uof the excessive number of cars in the United States, where

  4. Car Based Transport and Transit Oriented Metropolitan —— Chinese Urban Motorization Pathways

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ximing, Lu

    2008-01-01

    Car Based Transport and Transit Oriented Metropolitan ——the automobile, the result is that car ownership has becomeof American families lack cars. In China, however, large

  5. Small Cars In Neighborhoods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bosselmann, Peter C.; Cullinane, Daniel; Garrison, William L.; Maxey, Carl M.

    1993-01-01

    52 3. Neighborhood Cars for LivableVehicle Studies Inferences for the Neighborhood Car Usesof Neighborhood Cars Safety . . . . . . . . . . .

  6. Cable Car 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    implementation, savings are expected to total $500 million to $1 billion per year, with an associated reduction in carbon dioxide emissions of about 10 million tonnes per year - roughly equivalent to removing 1.5 million cars from the world's roads....

  7. Introduction The coxsackievirus-adenovirus-receptor (CAR) was originally

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Introduction The coxsackievirus-adenovirus-receptor (CAR) was originally found as a cell surface this pathological role as a virus receptor, the physiological function of CAR is largely unknown. CAR is a type I is selectively expressed on endothelium and platelets, and is structurally most closely related to CAR

  8. Scrapping Old Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dill, Jennifer

    2004-01-01

    fleet has been aging, in part because cars just last longer.households today own more cars than they did thirty yearsInstead of trading in an old car for a new one, they are now

  9. Cars for the Poor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Regan, Katherine M.; Quigley, John M.

    1998-01-01

    Cars for the Poor BY KATHERINE M. O’REGAN & JOHN M. QUIGLEYcities have no access to cars, and 26 percent of black12, SPRING 1998 FIGURE 4 No Car, No Job? Average Journey to

  10. Cars and Demographics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lave, Charles

    1992-01-01

    Cars and Demographics BY CHARLES LAVE Imagine that it'sBut they will quickly buy cars once they have enough moneymore people means more cars), while more sophisti- Jflflfl

  11. car goat goat 1 Car Goat Goat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCann, Robert J.

    quite awesome. Read on! PMU 199S Aha! Math Discovery... Assignment #9 due 19 March 2015 #12;car goat

  12. Who Will Buy Electric Cars?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Thomas

    1995-01-01

    new-car annual sales, in a car market that is now about 1.4eaatrtf, uw-ioiheet running car a woman can drive. Standarde Politics: Towards a Green Car Market", 1995. UCTC Diss No.

  13. Keeping Children Safe in Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, Jill

    2004-01-01

    seats manufactured for older cars without shoulder belts,assembled and installed in the car, and that can be trickyimpossible depending on the car’s age and model. Finally,

  14. Bringing Electric Cars to Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Daniel

    1995-01-01

    as promising alterna- tives to cars driven by internalnot only battery-powered cars, whose ultimate role may beElectric 1 QQ5). Studies, Cars" in In response to these

  15. Gearing Up for Electric Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Daniel

    1994-01-01

    James MacKenzie, The Keys to the Car Washing- ton. D C WorldGearing Up for Electric Cars Daniel Sperhng Reprint UCTC Noor Gearing Up for Electric Cars Daniel Sperling Department

  16. Driving Safely In Smart Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puri, Anuj; Varaiya, Pravin

    1995-01-01

    Control of the Lead Car of a Platoon. IEEE Transactions on1993. Var93 P.Varaiya. Smart Cars on Smart Roads: ProblemsDriving Safely in Smart Cars Anuj Puri, Pravin Varaiya

  17. Car buyers and fuel economy?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S

    2007-01-01

    Fuel ef?ciency; Automobiles; Car buyers 1. Introduction 1.1.M. , ‘‘We probably drive each car about 7000 or 6000 milesgallons per year [for one car]; B. thinks this might be too

  18. Carly Wilkins | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    development consulting firm. Carly graduated from University of Maryland, Baltimore County with her BA in Visual Arts. When Carly isn't in the office creating...

  19. 2015 Summer STEM Program : Car to Car Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    student will race their car to see which one travels the farthest Tuesday -Present the experiment kit#12;2015 Summer STEM Program : Car to Car Communication Instructors: Monika Rathod, Ph.D. and Imad Mahgoub, Ph.D. Week One: June 8 - 12 Would you like to build a prototype car that is able to talk to other

  20. Sports Car Club 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    This work is devoted to formulation and development of a laser spectroscopic technique for rapid detection of biohazards, such as Bacillus anthracis spores. Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) is used as an underlying process for active...

  1. Towards CARS Endoscopy Franois Lgar*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

    Towards CARS Endoscopy François Légaré* Center for Nanoscale Systems and Department of Chemistry provide a proof-of-principle demonstration of CARS endoscopy. The design utilizes a single mode optical characteristics at intensities needed for endoscopy. CARS endoscopic images are recorded by collecting the epi-CARS

  2. Making CARS better Max Zimmerleya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potma, Eric Olaf

    Making CARS better Max Zimmerleya , Hyun Min Kima , Desiré Whitmorea , Vishnu Vardhan is presented of recent trends in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy. We briefly discuss the influence of tissue scattering on the CARS signal, methods for controlling the CARS emission and prospects

  3. Review: Car Country: An Environmental History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karalus, Daniel E

    2013-01-01

    Review: Car Country: An Environmental History By ChristopherUSA Wells, Christopher W. Car Country: An Environmentalabout his experiences with cars. He describes the joy of

  4. Car Access and Welfare-To-Work

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ong, Paul M.

    2002-01-01

    Problems Related to Child Car, Transportation, and Illness30. March. Ong, Paul "Work and Car Ownership Among WelfareRice (2000). "The Effect of Car Ownershipon the Employment

  5. Mapping with an Autonomous Car Pierre Lamon Cyrill Stachniss Rudolph Triebel Patrick Pfaff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teschner, Matthias

    as outdoor scenes. Recently, modified cars became a new platform in robotics. Compared to standard robotsMapping with an Autonomous Car Pierre Lamon Cyrill Stachniss Rudolph Triebel Patrick Pfaff an approach towards mapping and safe navigation in real, large-scale environments with an autonomous car

  6. Users' View on Context-Sensitive Car Advertisements Florian Alt, Christoph Evers, Albrecht Schmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Users' View on Context-Sensitive Car Advertisements Florian Alt, Christoph Evers, Albrecht Schmidt.alt, albrecht.schmidt}@uni-due.de christoph.evers@stud.uni-due.de Abstract. Cars are ubiquitous and offer large static, with the exception of car-mounted displays that offer dy- namic content. With new display

  7. Algorithmic + Geometric characterization of CAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gill, Richard D.

    Algorithmic + Geometric characterization of CAR (Coarsening at Random) Richard Gill - Utrecht but independent) CCAR 3 door problem X=door with car behind Y=two doors still closed = {your first choice, other door left closed} 3 door problem X=door with car behind Y=(your first choice, other door left closed

  8. Subcommittee meets and reviews CAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Subcommittee meets and reviews CAR Does the course satisfy Content Area criteria? Yes errors in the CAR, separately send a list of corrections for Karen to make edits Karen will forward IF you are comfortable doing so, you may CC the course's instructor also Decide whether the CAR

  9. Adaptive Traffic Lights Using Car-to-Car Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iftode, Liviu

    Adaptive Traffic Lights Using Car-to-Car Communication Victor Gradinescu, Cristian Gorgorin, Raluca presents an adaptive traffic light system based on wireless communication between vehicles and fixed adaptive traffic light system. In section 4, we present the simulation framework we have developed

  10. Are SUVs Really Safer Than Cars?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Marc; Wenzel, Tom

    2002-01-01

    wrong. Many existing small-car models, built primarily byAre SUVs Really Safer Than Cars? BY TOM WENZEL AND MARC ROSSSUVs really are safer than cars, as some have alleged, we

  11. What If Cars Could Drive Themselves?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shladover, Steven E.

    2000-01-01

    What If Cars Could Drive Themselves? BY STEVEN E.SHLADOVER E V E N W H E N cars were still young, futuristssome of the implications of cars that could drive t h e m s

  12. Issue 5: High Interest in Hybrid Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ong, Paul M.; Haselhoff, Kim

    2005-01-01

    Reports. (2005). “Which Cars Would People Get Again? ” Con-Motor Trend Announces 2004 Car of the Year. ” Motor Trend,Oregon Hybrid Gas-Electric Car Owners. July. U.S. Internal

  13. Southern California: The Detroit of Electric Cars?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Allen J.

    1993-01-01

    University o f An early alternative to an electric car.THE DETROIT O F ELECTRIC CARS? BY A L L E N J . S C O T TUnited States where domestic car producers are now planning

  14. Issue 5: High Interest in Hybrid Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ong, Paul M.; Haselhoff, Kim

    2005-01-01

    2005). “High Interest in Hybrid Cars. ” SCS Fact Sheet, Vol.May 2005 High Interest in Hybrid Cars I NTRODUCTION PublicThe unique features of a hybrid car mean that it is more

  15. Car Ownership and Welfare-to-Work

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ong, Paul M.

    2001-01-01

    Problems Related to Child Car, Transportation, and IllnessCar Ownership and Welfare-to-Work Paul M Ong Reprint UCTC Nofor conte~ts thereof oruse Car Ownership and Welfare-to-Work

  16. DEP Car Competition | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of physics preventing them."- Michio Kaku, Theoretical Physicist Each year 20 middle school teams compete for the regional title of fastest car in the Argonne Electric Car...

  17. Large

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and mastheadLakeLanguage of a fly provesLarge

  18. The 18th Annual IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC'07) FIRST RESULTS FROM CAR-TO-CAR AND CAR-TO-INFRASTRUCTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zemen, Thomas

    (PIMRC'07) FIRST RESULTS FROM CAR-TO-CAR AND CAR-TO-INFRASTRUCTURE RADIO CHANNEL MEASUREMENTS AT 5.2 GHZ apaier@nt.tuwien.ac.at ABSTRACT Car-to-car and car-to-infrastructure (henceforth called C2X cor- responding to the relative speed of the cars, and very concen- trated (in the Doppler domain

  19. Coherent anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    Coherent anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) For the study of biofilms Alexander Mc Vey1, Nils.f.mcvey@ed.ac.uk Polystyrene beads of diameter 2µm as imaged by the CARS system at COSMIC, The University of Edinburgh #12;Introduction Outline of CARS CARS set-up Results ­ Pushing the limits Results ­ Imaging E. coli Where do we go

  20. Advanced Clean Cars Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Advanced Clean Cars Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation ZEV #12;Advanced Clean Cars ZEV Program.4% of Annual Sales in 2025 Projected: ZEVs #12;Advanced Clean Cars Hydrogen Infrastructure · Without infrastructure, the cars won't come · Complementary Policies to support ZEV regulation ­ Clean Fuels Outlet

  1. SAT and Hybrid models of the Car Sequencing problem Christian Artigues1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    SAT and Hybrid models of the Car Sequencing problem Christian Artigues1,2 , Emmanuel Hebrard1}@laas.fr {valentin.mayer-eichberger, toby.walsh}@nicta.com.au Abstract. We compare both pure SAT and hybrid CP/SAT models for solving car sequencing problems, and close 13 out of the 23 large open instances in CSPLib

  2. Essays on Structural Estimation in the European Car Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noton Norambuena, Carlos Esteban

    2010-01-01

    2.3.2 Car CharacteristicDomestic and Foreign Car Characteristics . . . . . . . . 1.4Shares of cars by brand’s

  3. In-car Airway Options for NASCAR Drivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyreyes, Jonathan Q; Grange, Jeff; Smith, Dustin; Jin, Peter; Guldner, Greg

    2008-01-01

    Medicine Background: “Stock car” drivers may require anpresentation pregnancy. In-car Airway Options for NASCARhelmeted, and apneic stock car driver simulation model.

  4. Fuel-Efficiency Standards: Are Greener Cars Safer?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobsen, Mark

    2014-01-01

    safety implications for both car occupants and occupants ofpatterns emerged: 1) in single-car crashes (which make upfatalities), smaller and lighter cars are more vulnerable to

  5. Fiber delivered probe for efficient CARS imaging of tissues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balu, Mihaela; Liu, Gangjun; Chen, Zhongping; Tromberg, Bruce J; Potma, Eric O

    2010-01-01

    atherosclerotic lesions by CARS-based multimoddal nonlinearanti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy,” Proc. Natl.fiber for interferometric CARS microscopy,” Opt. Express 14,

  6. Ghetto Fabulous: Inner City Car Culture, the Law, and Authenticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Roger

    2010-01-01

    J. (Producer). (2005). Oakland cars gone wild: Are autoabout pretty women, classy cars and just generally showingK. (1997). Cruisin': Car culture in America. Minneapolis,

  7. Information visualization for in-car communication processes Michael Sedlmair, BMW Group Research and Technology, Germany, Michael.Sedlmair@bmw.de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Information visualization for in-car communication processes Michael Sedlmair, BMW Group Research.Butz@ifi.lmu.de Abstract Modern cars provide a large spectrum of electronic functionality which is realized by a great complexity of these in- car communication networks challenges developers in terms of understandability

  8. Frontal collision analysis of City Car

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neal, Terance (Terance K.)

    2009-01-01

    This experiment tests the proposed crash system of the CityCar. The car is to fold during the crash to help decrease the impact force experienced by the passengers. The experiment was conducted by running a simulation of ...

  9. Pedestrian Only Area University visitors' car parks (limited access)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    Campus Map Pedestrian Only Area Car Parks University visitors' car parks (limited access) Other university car parks Public multi-storey car park Lawns Free City Bus Stop ST. GEORGE'S FIELD WOODHOUSE LAN E

  10. Car-Rec: A Real Time Car Recognition System Daniel Marcus Jang and Matthew Turk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Car-Rec: A Real Time Car Recognition System Daniel Marcus Jang and Matthew Turk University. The resulting system is applied to the domain of car recognition and achieves accurate (> 90%) and real-time performance when searching databases containing thou- sands of images. 1. Introduction Car recognition

  11. On Self-Interested Agents in Vehicular Networks with Car-to-Car Gossiping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraus, Sarit

    1 On Self-Interested Agents in Vehicular Networks with Car-to-Car Gossiping Sarit Kraus, Raz Lin, and Yuval Shavitt Abstract--As more and more cars are equipped with GPS and Wi-Fi transmitters, it becomes easier to design systems that will allow cars to interact autonomously with each other, e.g., regarding

  12. EVMS Certification CAR/CIO Status 4/24/12 Corrective Action Requests (CARs)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    EVMS Certification CAR/CIO Status 4/24/12 Corrective Action Requests (CARs) Page 1 of 6 CAR01: Acceleration of schedule and added scope without formal baseline change Recommendation and DOEOFES. Action Taken ­ CAR01: ­ An Engineering Change Proposal (ECP004) was approved (10Nov2011

  13. University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy -v2 0.docx University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy - v2 0.docx University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy 1.0 Why have a car parking policy? The University of Aberdeen is aware of the importance of corporate. The University has developed to such an extent that its current car park capacity is not sufficient to provide

  14. Terrein / car park: Inleveren bij / submit to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Procedure: Terrein / car park: Inleveren bij / submit to: Info: Vul a.u.b. uw gegevens in / please terrein, voor de duur van: Requests access to the car park(s) mentioned above for the period of voorbehoud kan van toepassing zijn. You can request access rights for the local car park(s) on one campus

  15. Driving and passengering: notes on the ordinary organisation of car travel 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurier, Eric; Lorimer, Hayden; Brown, Barry; Jones, Owain; Juhlin, Oskar; Noble, Allyson; Perry, Mark; Pica, Daniele; Sormani, Philippe; Strebel, Ignaz; Swan, Laurel; Taylor, Alex S; Watts, Laura; Weilenmann, Alexandra

    2008-01-01

    We spend ever increasing periods of our lives travelling in cars, yet quite what it is we do while travelling, aside from driving the vehicle itself, is largely overlooked. Drawing on analyses of video records of a series ...

  16. Car-to-car radio channel measurements at 5 GHz: Pathloss, power-delay profile, and delay-Doppler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zemen, Thomas

    Car-to-car radio channel measurements at 5 GHz: Pathloss, power-delay profile, and delay Contact: apaier@nt.tuwien.ac.at Abstract-- We carried out a car­to­infrastructure (C2I) and car­to­car (C2­Doppler spectra in a C2C highway scenario, where both cars were traveling in opposite directions. A pathloss

  17. Car-Free Housing Developments: Toward Sustainable Smart Growth and Urban Regeneration Through Car-Free Zoning, Car-Free Redevelopment, Pedestrian Improvement Districts, and New Urbanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kushner, James A.

    2005-01-01

    ur- ban revitalization mechanisms, such as car-free zoning,new ur- banism, car-free redevelopment, and pedestriandesired to live in a car-free project. REIM AIRPORT - MUNICH

  18. Car-Free Housing Developments: Toward Sustainable Smart Growth and Urban Regeneration Through Car-Free Zoning, Car-Free Redevelopment, Pedestrian Improvement Districts, and New Urbanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kushner, James A.

    2005-01-01

    Sustainable Smart Growth and Urban Regeneration Through Car-Free Zoning, Car-Free Redevelopment, Pedestrian Improvement Districts, and New Urbanism

  19. Flying Cars | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFES OctoberEvanServices »FirstCurrent Science Create a Flying Car

  20. Carly Wilkins | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar:I DueBETOof EnergyR&D CarbonCarly Wilkins About

  1. EcoCAR Reaches the Finish Line

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Virginia Tech takes the checkered flag as the inaugural EcoCar competition comes to a close in Washington, D.C.

  2. Welcome to the Car Rental Dashboard Corporate Discount #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welcome to the Car Rental Dashboard Corporate Discount # The information contained in this document and Enterprise National Car rental and Enterprise rent-a-Car: Your Business Is Our Business. Welcome to the Car Rental Dashboard, where you can find all the details you need regarding your company's car rental program

  3. Arriving by Car When visiting the University, please be aware that car parking on campus is limited and is un-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    Arriving by Car When visiting the University, please be aware that car parking on campus is limited to travel by car, please see the details below for available car parking. 1. Victoria Park Pay and Display in advance. 5. Almond Road (Euro Car Parks ­ next to Morrisons) Distance from the University: 1.13 miles

  4. Accessibility Application Blue Badge Car Park UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    i Accessibility Application Blue Badge Car Park UK Konstantinos Grassos H00113751 August 2012. In this project, Blue Badge Car Park (BBCP) is presented which is actually a mobile-based park finder application. It specifically focuses on finding parking spaces for wheelchair users, which are indicated by the blue badge

  5. Fuzzy Throttle And Brake Control For Platoons Of Smart Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Dickerson, J.; Kosko, B.

    1995-01-01

    for Platoons of Smart Cars,” in Fuzzy Sets, Neural Networks,The hardware on the test car had limited memory and usedclosing rate between the cars. The spike at 15 seconds shows

  6. R&D Partnership for the Next Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Daniel

    2001-01-01

    economy of midsize 1993 US cars (about Summit Tre a t y.supercede batter y-electric cars and i n t rusive governmentthe debate about tru e smaller cars than the midsized sedans

  7. On-Street Parking Spaces for Shared Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osgood, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    available to privately owned cars might even encourage morespace dedicated to a shared car can benefit many people,Fox, and Jon Burkhart. 2005. “Car-Sharing: Where and How It

  8. Strategies for Sharing Bottleneck Capacity among Buses and Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guler, Sukran Ilgin

    2012-01-01

    enable buses to bypass the car queues that still form atcrease a bottleneck’s car-carrying capacity, in comparisonthat significant reductions in car delays can result while

  9. Lane Localization for Autonomous Model Cars Lukas Maischak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziegler, Günter M.

    Lane Localization for Autonomous Model Cars Lukas Maischak B-14-03 July 2014 FACHBEREICH MATHEMATIK Introduction 5 2 The Platform 7 2.1 Hardware of autonomous, "self- driving" cars. Imagine that car accidents caused by human error

  10. Fact #695: October 3, 2011 New Car Dealerships | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5: October 3, 2011 New Car Dealerships Fact 695: October 3, 2011 New Car Dealerships The number of new car dealerships has declined by nearly 25% from 1991 to 2011. The largest...

  11. Coal cars - the first three hundred years

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin Robert Karig III

    2007-12-15

    This is the comprehensive study of the freight cars that conveyed coal across broad swaths of land that had been impassible before the invention of the steam engine. This volume traces the history and evolution of coal cars from their earliest use in England to the construction of major railways for the purpose of coal hauling and the end of the steam era on American railroads. In addition to contextualizing coal cars in the annals of industrial history, the book features extensive design specifications and drawings as well as a complete history of the various safety and mechanical innovations employed on these freight cars. It concludes with a photographic essay illustrating the development of the coal car over its first 300 years of use. 608 photos.

  12. Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51%...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    cars are for gasoline cars only. Fuel economy average is the production-weighted harmonic mean. 2014 data are preliminary. Fact 849 Dataset Supporting Information Average...

  13. Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of America, Inc. Electric Drive Component Manufacturing: Magna E-Car Systems of...

  14. Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Car Vehicle Technologies...

  15. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2009 Highlights of Technical...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical...

  16. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments...

  17. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2007 Highlights of Technical...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    7. 2007fcfpaccomplishmentsrpt.pdf More Documents & Publications FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006...

  18. FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report highlighting specific accomplishments that the FreedomCAR...

  19. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2005 Highlights of Technical...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications FreedomCAR Partnership 2003 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2004 Highlights of Technical...

  20. Carsharing and Station Cars in Asia: An Overview of Japan and Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barth, Mathew; Shaheen, Susan; Fukuda, Tuenjai; Fukuda, Atsushi

    2007-01-01

    L . Novick. CarLink: A Smart Car- sharing System. Field TestAccessed July 2005. 25. Tan, C. Car Share Scheme Soon inK L : NTUC Income Car Co-op Mem­ bers May Have Use of Cars

  1. Habitable Cars: what we do there 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurier, Eric; Brown, Barry; Lorimer, Hayden

    2005-01-01

    Two seats and a small sofa all facing forwards. The three piece suite of the conventionally designed car. A little living room. It is supplied with a stereo for playing music and a radio. More commonly now, DVD players ...

  2. Electric Car Competition | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electric Car Competition March 19, 2016 8:00AM to 12:30PM Location Building Offsite Type Meeting Series Educational Outreach Program Event Argonne will host the 2016 Regional...

  3. Performance Modeling of Intelligent Car Parking Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Telek, Miklós

    introduction at the beginning of the century [2], the smart city concept enjoys an enormous attention from. In an intelligent car parking system the driver selects its destination on a smart- phone application when entering

  4. EcoCar Students Spread the Word

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An overview of the creative and engaging ways that teams participating in the EcoCar competition have worked to convey the benefits of advanced technology vehicles to policy makers and students across the U.S. and Canada.

  5. Reuse of hybrid car power systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirkby, Nicholas (Nicholas J.)

    2015-01-01

    Used hybrid car power systems are inexpensive and capable of tens of kilowatts of power throughput. This paper documents a process for using the second generation Toyota Prius inverter module to drive a three phase permanent ...

  6. EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle...

  7. EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at...

  8. Modelling Electrical Car Diffusion Based on Agent Tao Zhang, 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    to include things like car parking charges, price of electrical car, energy awareness and word of mouth. In this paper we present a first case study related to the introduction of a new car park charging schemeModelling Electrical Car Diffusion Based on Agent 1 Lei Yu, ,2 Tao Zhang, 3 Siebers Peer-Ola, 4

  9. EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gantt, Lynn

    2011-01-01

    Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C..

  10. EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Gantt, Lynn

    2013-05-29

    Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C..

  11. University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy -v2.0.docx University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy - v2.0.docx University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy 1.0 Why have a car parking policy? The University of Aberdeen is aware of the importance of corporate. The University has developed to such an extent that its current car park capacity is not sufficient to provide

  12. TrafficView: A Driver Assistant Device for Traffic Monitoring based on Car-to-Car Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iftode, Liviu

    TrafficView: A Driver Assistant Device for Traffic Monitoring based on Car-to-Car Communication an intelligent transportation system, a common platform for inter-vehicle communication is needed. This platform, Directions, etc. Slide bar for areas infront or behind you Your car Other cars Fig. 1. Example of Traffic

  13. TrafficView: Traffic Data Dissemination using Car-to-Car Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iftode, Liviu

    TrafficView: Traffic Data Dissemination using Car-to-Car Communication Tamer Nadeema, Sasan high- tech devices are integrated, and a common platform for inter-vehicle communication is necessary platform for inter-vehicle communication is necessary to realize an intelligent transportation system

  14. Body Mass Index, Neighborhood Fast Food and Restaurant Concentration, and Car Ownership

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inagami, Sanae; Cohen, Deborah A.; Brown, Arleen F.; Asch, Steven M.

    2009-01-01

    Restaurant Concentration, and Car Ownership Sanae Inagami,body mass index and whether car ownership might moderateRESTAURANT CONCENTRATION, AND CAR OWNERSHIP Quiznos, Little

  15. Cars and the City: An Investigation of Transportation and Residential Location Choices in New York City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salon, Deborah

    2006-01-01

    Weighted) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Car Ownership inof Private Car Riding Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .109 4.11 Number of Cars Per Household from the RT-HIS Sample

  16. Picosecond anti-Stokes generation in a photonic-crystal fiber for interferometric CARS microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andresen, Esben Ravn; Keiding, Søren Rud; Potma, Eric Olaf

    2006-01-01

    Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) imag- ing,” Opt. Lett. 31,anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) spectral interferometry:scatte- ring spectroscopy (CARS),” Phys. Rev. A 72, 041803(

  17. Heteroscedastic CAR models for areally referenced temporal processes for analyzing California asthma hospitalization data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quick, Harrison; Carlin, Bradley P.; Banerjee, Sudipto

    2015-01-01

    Heteroscedastic CAR models for areally referenced temporalintroducing a het- eroscedastic CAR model that can greatlyconditional autoregression, or CAR) model that evolves con-

  18. Windshield Wilderness: Cars, Roads, and Nature in Washington’s National Parks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Byron

    2006-01-01

    Review: Windshield Wilderness: Cars, Roads, and Nature inLouter. Windshield Wilderness: Cars, Roads, and Nature inpost-consumer waste. “Cars, not people, are the parks’

  19. Automobility in India: A Study of Car Acquisition and Ownership Trends in the City of Surat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Ipsita

    2011-01-01

    Size Category of Car Owned . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Trends in sales of cars of different sizes, 2001-and other countries . . . . . . . . . . Car size segments in

  20. ChemMatCARS Data Archive

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    ChemMatCARS is a high-brilliance national synchrotron x-ray facility dedicated primarily to static and dynamic condensed matter chemistry and materials science. The scientific focus of the facility includes the study of surface and interfacial properties of liquids and solids as well as their bulk structure at atomic, molecular and mesoscopic length scales with high spatial and energy resolution. Experimental techniques supported by the facility include: 1) Liquid Surface X-ray Scattering; 2) Solid Surface X-ray Scattering; 3) Time-Resolved Crystallography; 4) Micro-Crystal Diffraction; 5) Small and Wide-angle X-ray Scattering. The data archive referenced here contains data for various components along the beamline within the First Optics Enclosure and is intended to be input or parameter data. See the Science Nuggets at http://cars9.uchicago.edu/chemmat/pages/nuggets.html for leads to some of the research conducted at the ChemMatCARS beamline.

  1. The Bolting of Magnesium Components in Car Engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    1 The Bolting of Magnesium Components in Car Engines Sarennah J.P. Longworth Newnham College of bolting together magnesium alloys components at temperatures around 100o C, such as those found in car

  2. Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy Los Alamos catalyst could jumpstart e-cars, green energy The new material has the highest oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity in...

  3. Are Consumers Myopic? Evidence from New and Used Car Purchases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Busse, Meghan R

    We investigate whether car buyers are myopic about future fuel costs. We estimate the effect of gasoline prices on short-run equilibrium prices of cars of different fuel economies. We then compare the implied changes in ...

  4. Eta Car and other LBVs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. F. Corcoran

    2007-02-17

    Luminous Blue Variables (LBVs) are believed to be evolved, extremely massive stars close to the Eddington Limit and hence prone to bouts of large-scale, unstable mass loss. I discuss current understanding of the evolutionary state of these objects, the role duplicity may play and known physical characteristics of these stars using the X-ray luminous LBVs Eta Carinae and HD 5980 as test cases.

  5. Formula SAE Competition Composites on Race Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colton, Jonathan S.

    Formula SAE Competition Composites on Race Cars Detroit ver. 1 ME 4210: Manufacturing Processes and Engineering Prof. J.S. Colton © GIT 2009 1 #12;May 2004May 2004 ME 4210: Manufacturing Processes and Engineering Prof. J.S. Colton © GIT 2009 2 #12;ME 4210: Manufacturing Processes and Engineering Prof. J

  6. Cars, Condoms, and Facebook Vaibhav Garg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camp, L. Jean

    Cars, Condoms, and Facebook Vaibhav Garg Drexel University and L. Jean Camp Indiana University to conduct a survey based evaluation of perceptions of privacy risks on Facebook. We find sharing on Facebook. Our results indicate that more knowledge about privacy violations may lower risk

  7. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAR and Fuel Partnership is a collaborative effort among the Department of Energy (DOE), energy companies (BP and advance the pre-competitive, high-risk research needed to develop the component and infrastructure multiple options in each technology area (e.g., hydrogen production, hydrogen delivery, hydrogen storage

  8. Explanations of FreedomCAR/DOE Hydrogen Storage Technical Targets

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Summary of FreedomCAR Targets and Basis for Targets prepared for the Grand Challenge Hydrogen Storage Solicitation.

  9. Fact #827: June 30, 2014 Share of Import Cars Declines to less...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7: June 30, 2014 Share of Import Cars Declines to less than 30% of Car Sales in 2013 Fact 827: June 30, 2014 Share of Import Cars Declines to less than 30% of Car Sales in 2013 In...

  10. CarSpeak : a content-centric network for autonomous driving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suresh Kumar, Swarun

    2012-01-01

    We introduce CarSpeak, a communication system for autonomous driving. CarSpeak enables a car to query and access sensory information captured by other cars in a manner similar to how it accesses information from its local ...

  11. Chemically-selective imaging of brain structures with CARS microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

    Chemically-selective imaging of brain structures with CARS microscopy Conor L. Evans1§ , Xiaoyin Xu anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy to image brain structure and pathology ex vivo. Although. Definitive diagnosis still requires brain biopsy in a significant number of cases. CARS microscopy

  12. Component-based Car Detection in Street Scene Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poggio, Tomaso

    Component-based Car Detection in Street Scene Images by Brian Leung Submitted to the Department by . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arthur C. Smith Chairman, Department Committee on Graduate Students #12;2 #12;Component-based Car consider the task of building a component-based detector in a more difficult domain: cars in natural images

  13. woodlane walkway Car Park 5a to close

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NO ENT RY NO ENT RY New Track Light New Track Light woodlane walkway Car Park 5a to close 9th to remain open Existing Barrier No change Observatory Car Park Car ParkNew Carpark CP6 CP3 CP5a Sports

  14. 2. Controlling Cars on a Bridge Jean-Raymond Abrial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southampton, University of

    2. Controlling Cars on a Bridge Jean-Raymond Abrial April 2008 #12;Purpose of this Lecture (1) 1 of the system, labeled FUN. - The function of this system is to control cars on a narrow bridge. - This bridge is controlling cars on a bridge between the mainland and an island FUN-1 - This can be illustrated as follows

  15. IS CARS REALLY CONFIDENTIAL? Counseling, consultation, and team-building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    IS CARS REALLY CONFIDENTIAL? Counseling, consultation, and team-building are all confidential processes within the limits of applicable law and ethical guidelines when conducted by CARS staff. The intent of CARS is not to intrude into the private lives of our clients, but rather to provide services

  16. 2. Controlling Cars on a Bridge Jean-Raymond Abrial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southampton, University of

    2. Controlling Cars on a Bridge Jean-Raymond Abrial 2009 #12;Purpose of this Lecture (1) 1 of this system is to control cars on a narrow bridge. - This bridge is supposed to link the mainland to a small island. #12;A Requirements Document (2) 6 The system is controlling cars on a bridge between the mainland

  17. CAR2 Displays Unique Ligand Binding and RXR Heterodimerization Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omiecinski, Curtis

    CAR2 Displays Unique Ligand Binding and RXR Heterodimerization Characteristics Scott S. Auerbach ABSTRACT: The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR; NR1I3) regulates the expression of genes involved in xenobiotic metabolism. Alternative splicing of the human CAR gene yields an array of mRNAs that encode

  18. ENTROPY OF BOGOLIUBOV AUTOMORPHISMS OF CAR AND CCR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neshveyev, Sergey

    ENTROPY OF BOGOLIUBOV AUTOMORPHISMS OF CAR AND CCR ALGEBRAS WITH RESPECT TO QUASI-FREE STATES Sergey V. Neshveyev Abstract We compute the dynamical entropy of Bogoliubov automorphisms of CAR and CCR for the entropy of Bogoliubov automorphisms of the CAR-algebra with respect to quasi-free states obtained

  19. Robust Algorithms for Sorting Railway Cars Christina Busing1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nabben, Reinhard

    Robust Algorithms for Sorting Railway Cars Christina B¨using1 and Jens Maue2 1 Institut f cars and reassembled to form new outgoing trains. Trains are subject to delay, which may turn deal with this issue by completely disregarding the input order of cars, which pro- vides robustness

  20. Congestion Attacks to Autonomous Cars Using Vehicular Botnets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Congestion Attacks to Autonomous Cars Using Vehicular Botnets Mevlut Turker Garip, Mehmet Emre of the cars in the targeted area by orders of magnitude. After 5 minutes, the targeted road becomes completely prevent collisions. In a VANET, cars communicate with each other over a wireless channel. They can send

  1. Paths of Trains with Two-Wheeled Cars Luis Montejano

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urrutia, Jorge

    Paths of Trains with Two-Wheeled Cars Luis Montejano , and Jorge Urrutia June 17, 2004 Abstract In this paper we study the following simple and mind-puzzling prob- lem: Can a model train car, which runs along closed curve, and the cars of our model train by segments whose end-points lie on the curve. 1

  2. Heterodyne coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potma, Eric Olaf

    Heterodyne coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) imaging Eric O. Potma,* Conor L. Evans with heterodyne co- herent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) interferometric microscopy. This technique that is linear in the concentration of vibrational modes. We show that heterodyne CARS microscopy permits

  3. The Cortisol Awakening Response (CAR) in 2-to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Cortisol Awakening Response (CAR) in 2- to 4-Year-Old Children: Effects of Acute Nighttime Sleep Restriction, Wake Time, and Daytime Napping ABSTRACT: The cortisol awakening response (CAR suggest the CAR is smaller in children than adults, well- controlled research in early childhood is scarce

  4. Financial Policy Manual 2357 TRAVEL AND ENTERTAINMENT POLICY RENTAL CARS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Edward I.

    Financial Policy Manual Page 1 2357 ­ TRAVEL AND ENTERTAINMENT POLICY ­ RENTAL CARS Resp. Office/Revision: April 1, 2015 PURPOSE To provide travel guidelines regarding the use of rental cars when traveling on behalf of the University. SCOPE This policy applies to the procurement of rental cars by and for all

  5. Fiber delivered probe for efficient CARS imaging of tissues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potma, Eric Olaf

    Fiber delivered probe for efficient CARS imaging of tissues Mihaela Balu1, Gangjun Liu1, Zhongping-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) signal in biological tissues. We discuss the design challenges including capturing the back- scattered forward generated CARS signal in the sample and the effects of fiber

  6. Sensorless but not Senseless: Prediction in Evolutionary Car Racing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Togelius, Julian

    Sensorless but not Senseless: Prediction in Evolutionary Car Racing Hugo Marques, Julian Togelius to develop predictors in order to drive a simulated car around a track without the most recent sensor data. In order to test the predictive abilities of our car we developed two experiments: one where the sensor

  7. ORIGINAL PAPER The 2007 IEEE CEC simulated car racing competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    ORIGINAL PAPER The 2007 IEEE CEC simulated car racing competition Julian Togelius Æ Simon Lucas Æ+Business Media, LLC 2008 Abstract This paper describes the simulated car racing competition that was arranged organized a simulated car racing competition. The competition was to be won by submitting a controller

  8. Prediction of regionalized car insurance risks based on control variates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Volker

    Prediction of regionalized car insurance risks based on control variates Marcus C. Christiansen, Christian Hirsch, Volker Schmidt October 1, 2013 Abstract We show how regional prediction of car insurance compute such predictors and consider an application to German car insurance data. 1 Introduction

  9. Remote controlling an autonomous car with an iPhone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rojas, Raúl

    Remote controlling an autonomous car with an iPhone Miao Wang, Tinosch Ganjineh B-10-02 March 2010 #12;Remote controlling an autonomous car with an iPhone Miao Wang, Tinosch Ganjineh Free University" is a com- pletely autonomous car developed by the Free University of Berlin which is capable of unmanned

  10. Getting to the Residence By car all residences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    Getting to the Residence By car ­ all residences You may wish to use an online route planner. Motoring organisations such as the AA and RAC provide these or you can use you in-car navigation. Free & Display at local public house (Fox on the Hill) and Sainsbury's car park Stamford Street Apartments Red

  11. How to Buy a Used Car Alireza Fathi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Fei-Fei

    How to Buy a Used Car Alireza Fathi College of Computing Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA 30332 When I wanted to buy a used car as a grad student, I asked a lot of questions from my that this document contains my points of view and preferences, and many might disagree with me. I bought a used car

  12. Evolving robust and specialized car racing skills Julian Togelius

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Togelius, Julian

    Evolving robust and specialized car racing skills Julian Togelius Department of Computer Science/C cars around several tracks of varying difficulty. The transferability of driving skills acquired when on after a general controller is developed, otherwise it hinders evolution. It is argued that simulated car

  13. HOPF CALCULATIONS IN DELAYED CAR-FOLLOWING MODELS Gabor Stepan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awtar, Shorya

    HOPF CALCULATIONS IN DELAYED CAR-FOLLOWING MODELS G´abor St´ep´an and G´abor Orosz Department: A nonlinear car-following model that includes the reaction-time delay of drivers is considered. When, bistability 1. INTRODUCTION There are two important goals of traffic manage- ment when cars follow each other

  14. BIFURCATIONS IN A CAR-FOLLOWING MODEL WITH DELAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awtar, Shorya

    BIFURCATIONS IN A CAR-FOLLOWING MODEL WITH DELAY G´abor Orosz , R. Eddie Wilson , Bernd Krauskopf of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TR, United Kingdom Abstract: A simple car-following model that includes the reaction time of drivers is analyzed by numerical continuation techniques for the case of five cars on a ring

  15. Hydrogen cars have zero emissions at the tailpipe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, James D.

    · Hydrogen cars have zero emissions at the tailpipe · Hydrogen cars can be engineered to have a range similar to that of gasoline cars · Construction, operation, and maintenance of a hydrogen infrastructure would provide jobs · Hydrogen fuel cells have a higher "tank to wheel' efficiency than gasoline

  16. Measurement and editing of metallic car paint BRDF Martin Rump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behnke, Sven

    Measurement and editing of metallic car paint BRDF Martin Rump Institute for Computer Science II accurately reproduces complex effects of modern car paint like specular reflection, spatially varying glitter this approach to measured samples of metallic car paint and present a novel BRDF model that enables simple

  17. Used Oil, Antifreeze, and Car Battery Recycling in Centre County* Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze Car Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maroncelli, Mark

    Used Oil, Antifreeze, and Car Battery Recycling in Centre County* Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze Car Batteries College Heights Exxon 803 North Atherton Street State College, PA 16803 (814) 238) 237-0121 Yes No No #12;Location Used Oil Used Antifreeze Car Batteries Valvoline Instant Oil Change

  18. South Florida Sun-Sentinel.com South Florida a bargain haven for used cars, website says

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    South Florida Sun-Sentinel.com South Florida a bargain haven for used cars, website says By Donna on a used car. According to CarGurus.com, a car-shopping website, used cars in Broward, Palm Beach and Miami on an analysis of 3 million listings for pre-owned cars across the country. Shopping patterns seem to bear

  19. Integrating Context and Occlusion for Car Detection by Hierarchical And-Or Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Song Chun

    Integrating Context and Occlusion for Car Detection by Hierarchical And-Or Model Bo Li, , Tianfu Wu context and occlusion for car detec- tion. The And-Or model represents the regularities of car-to-car context and occlusion patterns at three levels: (i) layouts of spatially-coupled N cars, (ii) single cars

  20. EcoCAR the Next Generation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementofApril 25,EV Everywhere|Muscle Car | DepartmentManaged

  1. EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-01-01

    The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. In the final year, the vehicles ran through a series of safety and technical tests at GM's Proving Ground in Milford, Michigan very similar to those GM's own production vehicles undergo. As EcoCAR wraps up, it is only the beginning for the next chapter in the DOE's 23-year history of advanced vehicle technology competitions. In April, Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs David Sandalow announced the launch of EcoCAR 2: Plugging into the Future http://www.ecocar2.org/index.html . We look forward to seeing the new and innovative designs that students bring to this challenge and know they will find a way to exceed even our highest expectations.

  2. EcoCAR Challenge: Finish Line

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-05-29

    The EcoCAR Challenege is a competition that challenges participating students from across North America to re-engineer a vehicle donated by General Motors. With the goal of minimizing the vehicle's fuel consumption and emissions, while maintaining its utility, safety and performance, teams had to find the best combination of cutting-edge technologies to meet these objectives. In the final year, the vehicles ran through a series of safety and technical tests at GM's Proving Ground in Milford, Michigan very similar to those GM's own production vehicles undergo. As EcoCAR wraps up, it is only the beginning for the next chapter in the DOE's 23-year history of advanced vehicle technology competitions. In April, Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs David Sandalow announced the launch of EcoCAR 2: Plugging into the Future http://www.ecocar2.org/index.html . We look forward to seeing the new and innovative designs that students bring to this challenge and know they will find a way to exceed even our highest expectations.

  3. Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014- Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014

  4. New topics in coherent anti-stokes raman scattering gas-phase diagnostics : femtosecond rotational CARS and electric-field measurements.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lempert, Walter R.; Barnat, Edward V.; Kearney, Sean Patrick; Serrano, Justin Raymond

    2010-07-01

    We discuss two recent diagnostic-development efforts in our laboratory: femtosecond pure-rotational Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) for thermometry and species detection in nitrogen and air, and nanosecond vibrational CARS measurements of electric fields in air. Transient pure-rotational fs-CARS data show the evolution of the rotational Raman polarization in nitrogen and air over the first 20 ps after impulsive pump/Stokes excitation. The Raman-resonant signal strength at long time delays is large, and we additionally observe large time separation between the fs-CARS signatures of nitrogen and oxygen, so that the pure-rotational approach to fs-CARS has promise for simultaneous species and temperature measurements with suppressed nonresonant background. Nanosecond vibrational CARS of nitrogen for electric-field measurements is also demonstrated. In the presence of an electric field, a dipole is induced in the otherwise nonpolar nitrogen molecule, which can be probed with the introduction of strong collinear pump and Stokes fields, resulting in CARS signal radiation in the infrared. The electric-field diagnostic is demonstrated in air, where the strength of the coherent infrared emission and sensitivity our field measurements is quantified, and the scaling of the infrared signal with field strength is verified.

  5. Multi-Anticipative Piecewise-Linear Car-Following Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nadir Farhi; Habib Haj-Salem; Jean-Patrick Lebacque

    2013-02-01

    We propose in this article an extension of the piecewise linear car-following model to multi-anticipative driving. As in the one-car-anticipative model, the stability and the stationary regimes are characterized thanks to a variational formulation of the car-dynamics. We study the homogeneous driving case. We show that in term of the stationary regime, the multi-anticipative model guarantees the same macroscopic behavior as for the one-car-anticipative one. Nevertheless, in the transient traffic, the variance in car-velocities and accelerations is mitigated by the multi-anticipative driving, and the car-trajectories are smoothed. A parameter identification of the model is made basing on NGSIM data and using a piecewise linear regression approach.

  6. Blasting Rocks and Blasting Cars Applied Engineering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LBNL

    2008-07-02

    June 30, 2004 Berkeley Lab lecture: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated ... June 30, 2004 Berkeley Lab lecture: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated a program at Berkeley Lab funded under the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, a collaboration between the federal government and the U.S. Council for Automotive Research. Nondestructive evaluation techniques to test a car's structural integrity are being developed for auto assembly lines.

  7. Blasting Rocks and Blasting Cars Applied Engineering

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    LBNL

    2009-09-01

    June 30, 2004 Berkeley Lab lecture: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated ... June 30, 2004 Berkeley Lab lecture: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated a program at Berkeley Lab funded under the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, a collaboration between the federal government and the U.S. Council for Automotive Research. Nondestructive evaluation techniques to test a car's structural integrity are being developed for auto assembly lines.

  8. Cars af Tomorrow and the American Community

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B LReports from thecarbonBW:GS:14-0032:UFCCarolCarolynCarrie Cars

  9. Hybrid Car Calculator | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energyarea,Magazine JumpEnergyHyEnergy Systems IncWindCar

  10. EECBG Success Story: North Lauderdale Gets 'Smart' on Cars |...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Recreation Department of North Lauderdale, Florida, is saving money and reducing its carbon footprint, thanks to the recent addition of two energy efficient "Smart Cars" to...

  11. Hybrid fs/ps Rotational CARS Temperature and Concentration Measurement...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Hybrid fsps Rotational CARS Temperature and Concentration Measurements Using Two Different ps-Duration Probe Beams. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Hybrid fsps...

  12. Federal Highway Administration - Pilot Car Escort - Best Practices...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - GuideHandbook: Federal Highway Administration - Pilot Car Escort - Best Practices...

  13. Nicole Lambiase: Aspiring Astronaut Turned Next-generation Car Designer

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    How participating in the EcoCAR competition convinced one student to switch career paths and put her talents toward designing advanced vehicles.

  14. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2006 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key technical...

  15. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2010 Highlights of Technical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2010 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments This report summarizes key technical accomplishments achieved in...

  16. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Technical Accomplishments FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Report containing brief summaries of key technical...

  17. Manipulation of Nodes in a Connected Car Network Henry Hexmoor1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hexmoor, Henry

    Manipulation of Nodes in a Connected Car Network Henry Hexmoor1 , Guy Fraker2 1 Computer Science and communicate on motorways. The technology cars maintain connections and communicate via Wi-Fi. The Connected cars initiative envisions cars that form a dynamic social network. Each car exchanges local information

  18. Molecular emission from GG Car's circumbinary disk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraus, Michaela; Nickeler, Dieter; Muratore, Florencia; Fernandes, Marcelo Borges; Aret, Anna; Cidale, Lydia; de Wit, Willem-Jan

    2012-01-01

    The appearance of the B[e] phenomenon in evolved massive stars such as B[e] supergiants is still a mystery. While these stars are generally found to have disks that are cool and dense enough for efficient molecule and dust condensation, the origin of the disk material is still unclear. We aim at studying the kinematics and origin of the disk in the eccentric binary system GG Car, whose primary component is proposed to be a B[e] supergiant. Based on medium- and high-resolution near-infrared spectra we analyzed the CO-band emission detected from GG Car. The complete CO-band structure delivers information on the density and temperature of the emitting region, and the detectable 13CO bands allow us to constrain the evolutionary phase. In addition, the kinematics of the CO gas can be extracted from the shape of the first 12CO band head. We find that the CO gas is located in a ring surrounding the eccentric binary system, and its kinematics agrees with Keplerian rotation with a velocity, projected to the line of si...

  19. Time-gated single photon counting enables separation of CARS microscopy data from multiphoton-excited tissue autofluorescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ly, Sonny; McNerney, Gregory; Chan, James; Fore, Samantha; Huser, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    Raman scattering microscopy (CARS): Instrumentation andanti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) imaging," Opt. Lett. 31,and separated from the CARS signal by employing time-gating

  20. RoSCAR: Robot Stock Car Autonomous Racing , Corey Montella

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spletzer, John R.

    RoSCAR: Robot Stock Car Autonomous Racing Kyle Hart , Corey Montella , Georges Petitpas , DylanSCAR. The platform is based on a 1/10-scale short track race car, integrated with an on-board desktop-class computer of Computer Science and Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering ABSTRACT In this paper, we present

  1. ChargeCar Community Conversions: Practical, Electric Commuter Vehicles Now!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ChargeCar Community Conversions: Practical, Electric Commuter Vehicles Now! H. Ben Brown, Illah-range electric commuter vehicles (EVs) is here now! The ChargeCar project at Carnegie Mellon University aims to exploit today's technology to make efficient, clean, quiet, commuter electric vehicles avail- able

  2. Flying Robots and Flying Cars Heinrich H. Blthoff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flying Robots and Flying Cars Heinrich H. Bülthoff Biological Cybernetics Research at the Max Flying Robots -- Human Robot Interaction group at MPI Tübingen Flying Cars -- European Project (my. Robuffo Giordano Human Robot Interaction group Bilateral shared control of Flying Robots M. Cognetti, V

  3. The Hybridization of a Formula Race Car K. W. Benson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    competition rules were changed to disallow hybrids that use on-board energy storage [1]. Thus, the car builtThe Hybridization of a Formula Race Car K. W. Benson D. A. Fraser S. L. Hatridge C. A. Monaco R. J or republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works

  4. Cars, buses, and jobs: Welfare Participants and Employment Access in Los Angeles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blumenberg, Evelyn A.; Ong, Paul M.

    2002-01-01

    CARS, BUSES, AND JOBS: Welfare Participants and Employment8775, pmong@ucla.edu Blumenberg & Ong Cars, Buses, and Jobs:without difficulty by either car or public transit. However,

  5. The car, immigrants and poverty: implications for immigrant earnings and job access

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, William A.V.; Wang, Wenfei Winnie

    2008-01-01

    Head Citizen Foreign Born Car Occupation R-Square Adj R-SqD. ,2005, The effects of car access on employment outcomes567-588 Ong, P. , 1996, Work and car ownership among welfare

  6. Single pulse phase-control interferometric coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy (CARS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Sang-Hyun; Caster, Allison G.; Leone, Stephen R.

    2005-01-01

    b) Energy level diagram of the CARS process. Fig. 2. (a)of pump/Stokes, probe and CARS signal detection (i and j). (spectrometer. Fig. 3. DQSI-CARS of toluene: (a), (b) The

  7. Cars and Drivers in the New Suburbs: Linking Access to Travel in Neotraditional Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crane, Randall

    1994-01-01

    Neotradltlonal TownPlanmng. Cars, Pedestmans, and Transit,Cars and Drivers in the NewSuburbs: Linking Access to Travelspccxfica~on, or mguIahon Cars and Drivers in the New

  8. Neighborhoods, Cars, and Commuting in New York City: A Discrete Choice Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salon, Deborah

    2008-01-01

    D. , 1999. Income’s effect on car and vehicle ownership,Jong, G. , 1990. An indirect utility model of car ownershipand private car use. European Economic Review 34, 971–985.

  9. Structural Estimation of Price Adjustment Costs in the European Car Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noton, Carlos

    2009-01-01

    Sys- tem: the European Car Market”. C.E.P.R. DiscussionPrice Dispersion in the European Car Market”. The Review ofPrice: Evidence from the European Car Market”. Journal of

  10. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    of Properly-Functioning Cars B .3. Evaporation B.4.of Properly-Functioning Cars, High and Moderate Powerand Philip S. Barnett, “Cars, Fuels, and Clean Air A Review

  11. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    Properly-Functioning Cars Emissions are relatively high whenmay exaggerate p-car emissions; in effect, the cutpoint mayFederal passenger car tailpipe emission standards at 50,000

  12. The Performance of Chicano Masculinity in Lowrider Car Culture: The Erotic Triangle, Visual Sovereignty, and Rasquachismo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chavez, Michael Juan

    2012-01-01

    Martin. 2007. I Want My Car to Look Like a Whore: LowridingPress. Vigil, Diego. 1991. “Car Charros: Cruising andMasculinity in Lowrider Car Culture: The Erotic Triangle,

  13. Integrin alpha v beta 5 is a primary receptor for adenovirus in CAR-negative cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyle, Cynthia; McCormick, Frank

    2010-01-01

    lactoferrin as a bridge for CAR-independent binding to and18. Alemany R, Curiel DT: CAR-binding ablation does notfactors and redundancy of CAR binding by Ad5. J Virol 2007,

  14. Grouping travelers on the basis of their different car and transit levels of use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diana, Marco; Mokhtarian, Patricia L.

    2009-01-01

    Elgar, A. , Bekhor, S. : Car-rider segmentation according tostatus and investment in car mobility. Transp. Res. Rec.people talk about bus and car travel. Transp. Res. A Jensen,

  15. Grouping Travelers on the Basis of their Different Car and Transit Levels of Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diana, Marco; Mokhtarian, Patricia L

    2009-01-01

    Elgar, A. , Bekhor, S. : Car-rider segmentation according tostatus and investment in car mobility. Transp. Res. Rec.people talk about bus and car travel. Transp. Res. A Jensen,

  16. Fact #867: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a Growing Phenomenon

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Car-sharing programs are not new to the United States, but have grown significantly over the last five years in an effort to provide an alternative to car ownership. Typically, car-sharing programs...

  17. Fact #557: February 9, 2009 Change in New Car Dealerships by...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7: February 9, 2009 Change in New Car Dealerships by State Fact 557: February 9, 2009 Change in New Car Dealerships by State From 2007 to 2008 the total number of new car...

  18. Committee on the Administration of Research (CAR) The Committee on the Administration of Research (CAR) was established by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammack, Richard

    July 2014 Committee on the Administration of Research (CAR) Purpose The Committee on the Administration of Research (CAR) was established by the Research Development Advisory Council (ReDAC) for the purpose of discussing continuing and emerging issues related to research administration and compliance

  19. A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying Emission Control Technologies A Comparison of Two Gasoline and Two Diesel Cars with Varying Emission Control...

  20. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    1.1. History Air pollution by cars and light trucks is aareas where pollution is dominated by cars and light trucks.

  1. Fact #719: March 19, 2012 Nearly 14% of New Car Sales have Continuousl...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9: March 19, 2012 Nearly 14% of New Car Sales have Continuously Variable Transmissions Fact 719: March 19, 2012 Nearly 14% of New Car Sales have Continuously Variable...

  2. De Finetti theorem on the CAR algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vito Crismale; Francesco Fidaleo

    2012-03-20

    The symmetric states on a quasi local C*-algebra on the infinite set of indices J are those invariant under the action of the group of the permutations moving only a finite, but arbitrary, number of elements of J. The celebrated De Finetti Theorem describes the structure of the symmetric states (i.e. exchangeable probability measures) in classical probability. In the present paper we extend De Finetti Theorem to the case of the CAR algebra, that is for physical systems describing Fermions. Namely, after showing that a symmetric state is automatically even under the natural action of the parity automorphism, we prove that the compact convex set of such states is a Choquet simplex, whose extremal (i.e. ergodic w.r.t. the action of the group of permutations previously described) are precisely the product states in the sense of Araki-Moriya. In order to do that, we also prove some ergodic properties naturally enjoyed by the symmetric states which have a self--containing interest.

  3. Carly Anderson and Emily Davidson April 23, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budker, Dmitry

    Conducting Polymers Carly Anderson and Emily Davidson April 23, 2013 http://www.polymersolutions.com/blog/demand for conductive polymers: The original thought: Replace copper in printed circuits and transmission lines

  4. 3D-Printed Car by Local Motors- The Strati

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A timelapse video of the production process behind The Strati - the 3D-printed car by Local Motors, which manufactured with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and delivered at the International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS) in September of 2014.

  5. Rockets 2 Race Cars Teacher Program at Kentucky Speedway (NASA)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Register here. Go Green Edition / The Heat is ON! Get your students revved up about science, technology, engineering and mathematics with NASA's Rockets 2 Race Cars STEM Education program....

  6. Middle Schoolers Face-Off in Model Car Challenge

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Forty-four teams entered the middle school Lithium-Ion Battery Powered Model Car Competition, and two teams distinguished themselves, one for speed and the other for design.

  7. European Experience and Case study of SCR Passenger Car Integration

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. DOE's EERE FreedomCar and Fuel Partnership and 21st Century Truck Programs.

  8. Addiction to car use and dynamic elasticity measures in France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    that the assumption of addiction to car use cannot be rejected. Furthermore, the model yields realistic kilometric but not only. Indeed, the perspective of global peak oil and oil scarcity pleads for the necessity to find new

  9. Modeling the interaction between passenger cars and trucks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jenkins, Jacqueline Marie

    2004-11-15

    The topic of this dissertation was the use of distributed computing to improve the modeling of the interaction between passenger cars and trucks. The two main focus areas were the development of a methodology to combine microscopic traffic...

  10. Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Oak Ridge National Lab's work with Local Motors to build a 3D-printed car was highlighted at the International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS) in September 2014 with a live demonstration.

  11. European Experience and Case study of SCR Passenger Car Integration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. DOE's EERE FreedomCar and Fuel Partnership and 21st Century Truck Programs. 2006deervanschaftingen.pdf More Documents & Publications...

  12. Fact #567: April 20, 2009 Cars are Growing Older

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The median age of cars continues to grow in 2008 while the median age of light trucks has remained fairly constant over the last ten years. The average age for all trucks, which includes heavy...

  13. Semi-Autonomous Car Control Using Brain Computer Daniel Gohring, David Latotzky, Miao Wang, Raul Rojas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Göhring, Daniel

    Semi-Autonomous Car Control Using Brain Computer Interfaces Daniel G¨ohring, David Latotzky, Miao, Germany Abstract--In this paper we present an approach to control a real car with brain signals. To achieve this, we use a brain computer interface (BCI) which is connected to our autonomous car. The car

  14. CREDIT CARDS AND CARS: THE MATHEMATICS OF THE AMERICAN DREAM PART I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashline, George

    CREDIT CARDS AND CARS: THE MATHEMATICS OF THE AMERICAN DREAM PART I George Ashline Joanna Ellis between financing and leasing a new car. Keywords: Credit cards, car payments, simple interest, finance card statement and choosing whether to buy or lease a car; to provide motivation for various topics

  15. Car Parking Regulations_09.05.13_SGD University of St Andrews

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    Car Parking Regulations_09.05.13_SGD University of St Andrews Estates Car Parking Regulations Commencement and Citation These Regulations may be cited as the University of St Andrews Car Parking September in any year. 1. Car Parking Regulations 1.1 No person shall park a vehicle within a University

  16. 2.810 Manufacturing Processes and Systems Project Report: Design and Fabrication of Radio Controlled Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awtar, Shorya

    Controlled Cars Group D: Team Members Shorya Awtar Jeff Dahmus Hyun Kim Raul Martinez Pat Willoughby James involved in the design and fabrication of the car. These items were: · Car Chassis · Rear Suspension · Front Suspension · Steering Mechanism and Interface · Interface Plate and Electronics · Car Shell

  17. Modeling demand for electric vehicles: the effect of car users' attitudes and perceptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bierlaire, Michel

    Modeling demand for electric vehicles: the effect of car users' attitudes and perceptions Aur Abstract The near arrival of electric vehicles on the car market generates a need for new models in order electric cars and petrol-driven ones and in particular which include the respondents' own cars

  18. Hybrid Car-Parrinello/Molecular Mechanics Modelling of Transition Metal Complexes: Structure, Dynamics and Reactivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    Hybrid Car-Parrinello/Molecular Mechanics Modelling of Transition Metal Complexes: Structure). We have recently developed a QM/MM extension of a Car-Parrinello scheme [5]. These hybrid Car functional theory embedded in a classical force field description. The power of such a combined Car

  19. Security and Privacy Vulnerabilities of In-Car Wireless Networks: A Tire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Wenyuan

    Security and Privacy Vulnerabilities of In-Car Wireless Networks: A Tire Pressure Monitoring System companies to collect data ­ "iChange" controls the car via an iPhone ­ More in-car wireless sensor networks. Virtually, all new cars sold or manufactured after 2007 in US are equipped with wireless TPMS. Computer

  20. Invariance and homogenization of an adaptive time gap car-following model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monneau, Régis

    Invariance and homogenization of an adaptive time gap car-following model R. Monneau , M called the adaptive time gap car- following model. This is a system of ODEs which describes the interactions between cars moving on a single line. The time gap is the time that a car needs to reach

  1. Fact #827: June 30, 2014 Share of Import Cars Declines to less than 30% of Car Sales in 2013

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 1970, about 15% of all cars sold were imported (built outside of North America) and about 5% of all light trucks sold were imported. These import shares grew during the 1970’s and the early 1980...

  2. Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51% Better Fuel Economy than Midsize Non-Hybrid Cars in 2014

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For the 2014 model year, midsize hybrid cars averaged 43.4 miles per gallon (mpg) while midsize non-hybrid cars averaged 28.7 mpg; the difference between the two has narrowed due to the rising...

  3. HAVING A CAR IN BOSTON There are many wonderful aspects of life here in Boston; unfortunately, owning and driving a car

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    HAVING A CAR IN BOSTON There are many wonderful aspects of life here in Boston; unfortunately, owning and driving a car is not one of them. Especially within Boston city limits, off-street parking do not have a specific need for a car in your first year (such as a commute requiring one), we

  4. An experimental study on a model Stirling engine car

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sohma, Yutaka; Wu, Chungming; Isshiki, Seita; Ushiyama, Izumi

    1999-07-01

    A Stirling engine is a mechanical device that operates on a closed regenerative thermodynamic cycle, with cyclic compression and expansion of the working fluid at different temperature levels. The flow is controlled by volume changes, and there exists a net conversion of the heat to work. Stirling engines are ideally suited to off-grid electric power generation because of their multi-fuel capability, potentially high efficiency and low noise. The first model Stirling Techno-rally was held in August 1997 for further promotion of the clean and quiet Stirling engine as one of the Centennial Anniversary events of JSME. In the race, more than one hundred cars competed for the time on a course of 13 meters length and 30 centimeters width. In Ashikaga Institute of Technology, a model Stirling engine car Ashikaga Gekkoh was made for this event. In this paper the authors report on this model car that won the championship of the Stirling Techno-rally.

  5. Development of turbocharger for improving passenger car acceleration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watanabe, Tsuyoshi; Koike, Takaaki; Furukawa, Hiromu; Ikeya, Nobuyuki; Sakakida, Masaru

    1996-09-01

    Recently, passenger cars require better acceleration from low engine speed including starting-up in order to decrease the amount of particulate matter (PM) of diesel engines or to improve the driver`s feeling. However, turbocharged cars generally have worse response than the non turbo cars because it takes a few seconds to get the turbocharger rotate up to high speed, usually called Turbo-lag. In order to solve this, various technologies have been developed for a turbocharger itself as well as for charging system such as the sequential system. Here in this paper, the authors focus on the development of the following turbocharger technology to reduce Turbo-lag and to achieve better transient response.

  6. Field assessment of an aluminum intensive passenger car

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cuenca, R.M.

    1994-12-31

    Ford Motor Co. has made a small batch of ``aluminum intensive vehicles`` (AIV), consisting of mid-size cars (Taurus/Sable) with all-aluminum bodies. The first twenty vehicles were made for internal evaluation at Ford, but the second batch of twenty has been placed on the hands of selected independent users, primarily automotive suppliers, for long term field assessment. The mass reduction achieved in the body of an AIV is shown, and compared with an equivalent standard steel body. Argonne obtained one of these vehicles last October; this is an assessment of the fuel consumption and other operational characteristics of this type of car to date.

  7. Structure of adenovirus bound to cellular receptor car

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Freimuth, Paul I.

    2007-01-02

    Disclosed is a mutant CAR-DI-binding adenovirus which has a genome comprising one or more mutations in sequences which encode the fiber protein knob domain wherein the mutation causes the encoded viral particle to have a significantly weakened binding affinity for CAR-DI relative to wild-type adenovirus. Such mutations may be in sequences which encode either the AB loop, or the HI loop of the fiber protein knob domain. Specific residues and mutations are described. Also disclosed is a method for generating a mutant adenovirus which is characterized by a receptor binding affinity or specificity which differs substantially from wild type.

  8. Simultaneous forward and epi-CARS microscopy with a single detector by time-correlated single photon counting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy," Proc Natl Acadenables separation of CARS microscopy data from multiphoton-overlap of the F and E-CARS signals. Due to traveling an

  9. Interpersonal Influence within Car Buyers’ Social Networks: Five Perspectives on Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Demonstration Participants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Axsen, Jonn; Kurani, Kenneth S.

    2009-01-01

    my money in my beliefs…and buy a hybrid car to help promotethe production of further hybrid cars…that year they wereCar Buyers’ Social Networks: Five Perspectives on Plug-in Hybrid

  10. A dynamic model system of household car ownership, trip generation, and modal split: model development and simulation experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kitamura, Ryuichi

    2009-01-01

    1987) Why do people buy cars? Paper presented at the 5thRegression Model of Private Car Use. Report AE 4/87, FacultyEffects of Income and Car Ownership on Trip Generation: A

  11. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    Cars B.2. Cold Start Emissions of Properly-Functioning CarsDriving B.5. Malfunctioning Exhaust Emissions Controls C.and California Tailpipe Emission Standards References List o

  12. Fact #856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction Fact 856 January 19, 2015 Plug-in and Hybrid Cars Receive High Scores for Owner Satisfaction...

  13. Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SUV, Van, and Pickup) from 1975 to 2014. Note: Car SUVs are those SUVs that must meet the car greenhouse gas emissions and corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards that were...

  14. 8:43 AM PDT, June 18, 2007 JOBS CARS REAL ESTATE APARTMENTS California | Local

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruno, John P.

    8:43 AM PDT, June 18, 2007 JOBS CARS REAL ESTATE APARTMENTS HOME MyLATimes Site Map Health Medicine Jobs Cars Real Estate Apartments Personals Deals at Local Stores Coupons Newspaper Ads PLACE AN AD LAT

  15. Fuels of the Future for Cars and Trucks | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of the Future for Cars and Trucks Fuels of the Future for Cars and Trucks 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: U.S. Department of Energy 2002deereberhardt.pdf More Documents &...

  16. Fact #611: February 22, 2010 Top Ten Best Selling Cars and Light Trucks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The top ten lists of best selling cars and light trucks in 2009 show that the Toyota Camry was the best selling car, while the Ford F-Series pickup was the best selling light truck. The F-Series...

  17. DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage Analysis Workshop DOE and FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery and On-Board Storage...

  18. Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Students build hydrogen fuel-cell cars Hydrogen fuel-cell cars designed and built in student competition Middle and elementary school teams from around New Mexico participated in...

  19. Fact #641: September 20, 2010 Top States for the Production of Cars and Trucks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For the 2009 calendar year, Michigan retained its lead position as the top producing state for both cars and trucks. Ohio and Kentucky were the only other states to place in the top 5 for both cars...

  20. Fact #692: September 12, 2011 Fuel Economy Distribution for New Cars and Light Trucks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nearly 64% of new cars sold in model year (MY) 1975 had combined highway/city fuel economy of 15 miles per gallon (mpg) or less [blue shading]. By 2010, 63% of cars had fuel economy of 25 mpg or...

  1. Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    7: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014 - Dataset Fact 847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014 - Dataset...

  2. Fact #899: November 16, 2015 World Production of Cars and Trucks...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Trucks Fact 899: November 16, 2015 World Production of Cars and Trucks SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week The top countries producing the world's cars and trucks have changed over...

  3. Fact #899: November 16, 2015 World Production of Cars and Trucks...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Trucks - Dataset Fact 899: November 16, 2015 World Production of Cars and Trucks - Dataset Excel file and dataset for World Production of Cars and Trucks fotw899web.xlsx More...

  4. Fact #638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in Relation to Family Earnings Fact 638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in Relation to...

  5. Fact #724: April 23, 2012 Gas Guzzler Tax Levied on New Cars with Low Fuel Economy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The "Gas Guzzler Tax" is collected from the public for each new car purchased with fuel economy less than 22.5 miles per gallon (mpg). The Gas Guzzler Tax does not apply to light trucks, only cars....

  6. Fact #867: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fact 867: April 6, 2015 Car-Sharing and Ride-Summoning Are a Growing Phenomenon Car-sharing programs are not new to the United States, but have grown significantly over...

  7. Why do we power our cars with gas? NBC Chicago

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-01-01

    Why can we only power our cars with gas? NBC-Chicago tackles this question with a trip to Argonne National Lab, where work on the Omnivorous Engine (runs on any blend of ethanol, butanol, and gasoline) and electric vehicles continues. A segment from NBC-Chicago's "Good Question" series.

  8. Why do we power our cars with gas? NBC Chicago

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-04-19

    Why can we only power our cars with gas? NBC-Chicago tackles this question with a trip to Argonne National Lab, where work on the Omnivorous Engine (runs on any blend of ethanol, butanol, and gasoline) and electric vehicles continues. A segment from NBC-Chicago's "Good Question" series.

  9. Are Consumers Myopic? Evidence from New and Used Car Purchases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothman, Daniel

    estimate the effect of gasoline prices on short-run equi- librium prices of cars of different fuel economists, however, contend that changing the incen- tives to use gasoline--by increasing its price--would be a preferable approach. This is because changing the price of gasoline has the potential to influence both what

  10. Fact #693: September 19, 2011 Average Vehicle Footprint for Cars...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    information below. Supporting Information Average Vehicle Footprint, 2008-2010 Model Year Car Light Truck All Light Vehicles 2008 45.4 53.0 49.0 2009 45.2 52.7 48.2 2010 45.2 54.0...

  11. Communication constraints in the state agreement problem Ruggero Carli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceragioli, Francesca

    Communication constraints in the state agreement problem Ruggero Carli Fabio Fagnani Alberto and communication theory is becoming of fundamental importance in many distributed control systems. Particular of autonomous mobile agents in order to achieve a common task, communication constraints impose limits

  12. pg. 1 UW Clean Energy Institute Solar Car Derby Activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochberg, Michael

    ? (connect both sides of the motor to different leads from the solar panel.) #12;pg. 3 UW Clean Energy will run the other direction) Where do so solar panels usually go? ( on the roof of buildings or in flatpg. 1 UW Clean Energy Institute Solar Car Derby Activity Overview Raycatcher and SunZoom Lite Model

  13. Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rogers, Jay; Love, Lonnie; Johnson, Mark; Ivester, Rob; Neff, Rick; Blue, Craig; ,

    2014-09-17

    The story behind the realization of a unique project: the building of a 3D printed electric car, as told by team members. Strati materialized out of 15% carbon-reinforced ABS thermoplastic in a record 44 hours, under the very eyes of attendees at this year's International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS).

  14. Optimal control of a gasolinefueled car engine under pollution constraint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonnans, Frédéric

    Optimal control of a gasoline­fueled car engine under pollution constraint J. Fr'ed'eric Bonnans mass / air mass stoichiometric : Here, ``stoichiometric'' means that the combustion is complete pollutants that are stored. In addition, the tank size depends highly on temperature. The device does

  15. 8 ENVIRONMENT DECEMBER 2004 he atmosphere's concentration of car-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    8 ENVIRONMENT DECEMBER 2004 T he atmosphere's concentration of car- bon dioxide (CO2 ) has carbon mitigation strategies are available to set the world on a new path, one that leads to a lower rate energy, conservation, and natural sinks. More recently, it has begun to explore alliances with tradi

  16. Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Rogers, Jay; Love, Lonnie; Johnson, Mark; Ivester, Rob; Neff, Rick; Blue, Craig;

    2014-11-24

    The story behind the realization of a unique project: the building of a 3D printed electric car, as told by team members. Strati materialized out of 15% carbon-reinforced ABS thermoplastic in a record 44 hours, under the very eyes of attendees at this year's International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS).

  17. Large Area Vacuum Deposited Coatings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, Peter M.

    2003-04-30

    It's easy to make the myriad of types of large area and decorative coatings for granted. We probably don't even think about most of them; the low-e and heat mirror coatings on our windows and car windows, the mirrors in displays, antireflection coatings on windows and displays, protective coatings on aircraft windows, heater coatings on windshields and aircraft windows, solar reflectors, thin film solar cells, telescope mirrors, Hubble mirrors, transparent conductive coatings, and the list goes on. All these products require large deposition systems and chambers. Also, don't forget that large batches of small substrates or parts are coated in large chambers. In order to be cost effective hundreds of ophthalmic lenses, automobile reflectors, display screens, lamp reflectors, cell phone windows, laser reflectors, DWDM filters, are coated in batches.

  18. From General Mechanics to General Motors: Lynn Gantt's EcoCAR Experience

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    How Lynn Gantt’s EcoCAR experience took him from studying general mechanics to working at General Motors.

  19. Gille-ESYS 10 1 Should Alex Buy a Battery-Powered Car?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gille, Sarah T.

    't stay long. I'm shopping for a new car. Chris: Whatever for? You're car is still running, isn't it? Alex car uses an enormous amount of metals, plastics, and lots of energy. And then once they are built, youGille-ESYS 10 1 Should Alex Buy a Battery-Powered Car? The scene: Lunchtime at a crowded caf

  20. SPECTROSCOPY IN CRYOCRYSTALS AND MATRICES Time-resolved CARS measurements of the vibrational decoherence of I2 isolated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apkarian, V. Ara

    SPECTROSCOPY IN CRYOCRYSTALS AND MATRICES Time-resolved CARS measurements of the vibrational report.1 Succinctly, the forward BOX- CARS geometry is adopted, using three noncollinear laser pulses

  1. LIVE CARS FOR USE IN CATFISH INDUSTRY Donald C. ,r nland, Rob rt L. ..rill,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LIVE CARS FOR USE IN CATFISH INDUSTRY Donald C. ,r nland, Rob rt L. ..rill, & Jam's . IIall Live cars - -m sh "fish -holdmg bags "- -hav a vari tyof applications in th produ tion of pond - rai d chann fish to mov into th liv car . Information on holding capaciti and a m thod to accu- rat ly m t l' fish

  2. A Study of Greedy, Local Search, and Ant Colony Optimization Approaches for Car

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Christian

    A Study of Greedy, Local Search, and Ant Colony Optimization Approaches for Car Sequencing Problems and compares several heuristic approa- ches for the car sequencing problem. We first study greedy heuristics, for which it was formerly unknown whether it is satisfiable or not. 1 Introduction The car sequencing

  3. Homing a Teleoperated Car using Monocular SLAM Nuno Ribeiro, Ricardo Ferreira, Jos Gaspar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    Homing a Teleoperated Car using Monocular SLAM Nuno Ribeiro, Ricardo Ferreira, José Gaspar http and Software Setup A car is assembled based in a network (IP) camera, one Arduino Uno, one Motor Shield and two DC motors for steering and propulsion (see fig.1(a)). A Java GUI from [2] is used to control the car

  4. Smart Video Systems in Police Cars Amirali Jazayeri, Hongyuan Cai, Mihran Tuceryan, Jiang Yu Zheng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuceryan, Mihran

    Smart Video Systems in Police Cars Amirali Jazayeri, Hongyuan Cai, Mihran Tuceryan, Jiang Yu Zheng@cs.iupui.edu ABSTRACT The use of video cameras in police cars has been found to have significant value and the number for later use in legal settings, in-car video cameras can be used to analyze in real-time or near real

  5. Monocular Car Viewpoint Estimation with Circular Regression Forests Christian Herdtweck and Cristobal Curio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monocular Car Viewpoint Estimation with Circular Regression Forests Christian Herdtweck and Crist. Using detected cars on the KITTI vision bench- mark, we demonstrate performance for continuous viewpoint framework. Besides location and viewpoint of cars, the filter framework considers full monocular egomotion

  6. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Car safety seats for children: rear facing for best protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Car safety seats for children: rear facing for best protection B Henary, C P between rear-facing (RFCS) and forward-facing (FFCS) car seats for children less than 2 years of age riding in passenger cars, sport utility vehicles, or light trucks were included in the study. Logistic

  7. Stimulated coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) resonances originate from double-slit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukamel, Shaul

    Stimulated coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) resonances originate from double January 21, 2010 (received for review September 3, 2009) Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS with re- spect to pulse parameters. CARS microscopy pulse shaping ultrafast spectroscpy Coherent Raman

  8. Queensland's 1.7 million cars use nearly 3 billion litres of petrol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    Queensland's 1.7 million cars use nearly 3 billion litres of petrol per year. In December 2001 to lead-free petrol without modification. "I have been running my car on E10 since June and two of my, the EPA's 85 fleet cars will then start using E10, and the facility will be available to vehicles from

  9. Femtosecond resonance enhanced CARS for background-free detection of organic molecules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rebane, Aleks

    Femtosecond resonance enhanced CARS for background-free detection of organic molecules ALEKSANDER the coherent excitation profile (CEP) of resonance enhanced femto- second CARS in a model system zinc scattering (CARS), as a tool for real-time detection of molecular and biological agents, including airborne

  10. CS680: Value Iteration for Mountain Cars Due Feb. 21 (SURGE March 6)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Charles W.

    CS680: Value Iteration for Mountain Cars Due Feb. 21 (SURGE March 6) Introduction In this assignment, you will implement a simulated control system that learns to drive a simulated car out and back of the valley until the car gains enough momentum to get out. You will apply asynchronous value

  11. Point-to-Point Car Racing: an Initial Study of Evolution Versus Temporal Difference Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Togelius, Julian

    Point-to-Point Car Racing: an Initial Study of Evolution Versus Temporal Difference Learning Simon, jtogel}@essex.ac.uk Abstract-- This paper considers variations on an extremely simple form of car racing-evaluation neural networks, and these were greatly superior to human drivers. Keywords: Car racing, reinforcement

  12. New rules for oil tank cars don't offer enough fire protection, experts say

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Deming

    New rules for oil tank cars don't offer enough fire protection, experts say By Richard Wronski in March, witnesses said it took about only an hour for tank cars to explode, sending giant fireballs hundreds of feet into the sky. Authorities said the tank cars survived the derailment intact, only

  13. Adaptive Cruise Control: Experimental Validation of Advanced Controllers on Scale-Model Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ames, Aaron

    Adaptive Cruise Control: Experimental Validation of Advanced Controllers on Scale-Model Cars Aakar of correctness. In particular, safety constraints--maintaining a valid following distance from a lead car objectives in an optimal fashion. This methodology is demonstrated on scale-model cars, for which the CBF

  14. Application of Radio Control Cars as Intelligent Unmanned Ground Vehicles with Collaborative and Independent Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wedeward, Kevin

    Application of Radio Control Cars as Intelligent Unmanned Ground Vehicles with Collaborative Systems & Robotics Group, New Mexico Tech, Socorro, NM, 87801, USA ABSTRACT Simple radio control cars-cost radio control cars manufactured by Nikko. Initial tests have involved using a small number (two to ten

  15. Vibrotactile Feedback in Steering Wheel Reduces Navigation Errors during GPS-Guided Car Driving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basdogan, Cagatay

    Vibrotactile Feedback in Steering Wheel Reduces Navigation Errors during GPS-Guided Car Driving feedback displayed through the steering wheel of a car can reduce the perceptual and cognitive load with the GPS-based voice commands. KEYWORDS: vibrotactile, haptics, car navigation systems, GPS, steering wheel

  16. Relay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Relay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars Aur´elien Francillon, Boris and Start (PKES) systems used in modern cars. We build two efficient and inexpensive attack realizations, wired and wireless physical-layer relays, that allow the attacker to en- ter and start a car by relaying

  17. CAR-FOLLOWING AND THE MACROSCOPIC AWRASCLE TRAFFIC FLOW MARTE GODVIK AND HARALD HANCHE-OLSEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAR-FOLLOWING AND THE MACROSCOPIC AW­RASCLE TRAFFIC FLOW MODEL MARTE GODVIK AND HARALD HANCHE-OLSEN Abstract. We consider a semi-discrete car-following model and the macroscopic Aw­Rascle model for traffic flow given in Lagrangian form. The solution of the car-following model converges to a weak entropy

  18. Monte Carlo Tree Search for Simulated Car Racing Jacob Fischer1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Togelius, Julian

    Monte Carlo Tree Search for Simulated Car Racing Jacob Fischer1 , Nikolaj Falsted1 , Mathias be modified to achieve this. In this paper, we investi- gate the application of MCTS to simulated car racing algorithm. Similarly, simulated car racing presents interesting challenges to artificial intelligence (AI

  19. Experience on Running a Small-Size Simulated Car Racing Tournament in an Introductory Programming Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Sung-Bae

    Experience on Running a Small-Size Simulated Car Racing Tournament in an Introductory Programming Intelligence and Games (CIG) 2009 Car Racing Competition software and rules with small modifications. Five General Terms Algorithms, Measurement, Performance, Human Factors Keywords Competition, Game, Car Racing

  20. An Economical Micro-Car Testbed for Validation of Cooperative Control Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertozzi, Andrea L.

    - controlled cars. The Position Tracking System includes a 1Dept. of Electrical Engineering, UniversityAn Economical Micro-Car Testbed for Validation of Cooperative Control Strategies Chung H. Hsieh1-- This paper describes the design of an economical cooperative control testbed using 1/64 size micro-car

  1. A SUBBAND HYBRID BEAMFORMING FOR IN-CAR SPEECH ENHANCEMENT Charles Fox

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badeau, Roland

    A SUBBAND HYBRID BEAMFORMING FOR IN-CAR SPEECH ENHANCEMENT Charles Fox , Guillaume Vitte , Maurice is pre- sented, dedicated to in-car communication. An experimental study of the acoustic field inside the car interior leads us to propose a hy- brid beamforming algorithm, taking two frequency ranges into ac

  2. Hybrid QM/MM Car-Parrinello Simulations of Catalytic and Enzymatic Reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    1 Hybrid QM/MM Car-Parrinello Simulations of Catalytic and Enzymatic Reactions MariaCarola Colombo, we review some recent applications of hybrid Car-Parrinello simulations of chemical and biological recently developed a combination of these two techniques into a hybrid QM/MM Car-Parrinello scheme [4

  3. eVADER: A Perceptual Approach to Finding Minimum Warning Sound Requirements for Quiet Cars.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , such as hybrid and electric vehicles, to pedestrians has become an important issue for public policy [1], car a localization paradigm to test the detectability of hybrid and internal combustion cars by measuring listenereVADER: A Perceptual Approach to Finding Minimum Warning Sound Requirements for Quiet Cars. Ryan

  4. THE SMART CAR PROJECT: A CASE STUDY IN COMPUTER-MEDIATED CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    of the Smart Car mobile platform. Beginning with the process of selection of the mechanical platform, weTHE SMART CAR PROJECT: A CASE STUDY IN COMPUTER-MEDIATED CONTROL by O. Daniel Gott A project the Smart Car as a scaled testbed. In particular, we are also interested in obtaining quantitative data

  5. University of Aberdeen Page 1 of 10 Car Parking Annual Review 2012-13.docx

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    University of Aberdeen Page 1 of 10 Car Parking Annual Review 2012-13.docx University of Aberdeen Car Parking Review 2012-2013 Author: Christopher Osbeck, Travel Plan Co-ordinator Current Version Date: August 2013 Version: 1.0 #12;University of Aberdeen Page 2 of 10 Car Parking Annual Review 2012-13.docx

  6. On the probability of hitting a deer with a car Robert Estalella

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estalella, Robert

    On the probability of hitting a deer with a car Robert Estalella 2003 August 1 Introduction Hitting an animal while driving a car, or even being close to hitting it, is terribly upsetting. This is what that jumped across the road just in front of our car. I started thinking about the probability of hitting

  7. MIMO Design of Active Noise Controllers for Car Interiors: Extending the Silenced Region at Higher Frequencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MIMO Design of Active Noise Controllers for Car Interiors: Extending the Silenced Region at Higher damping of low-frequency noise in car compartments by feedforward or feedback control. The complicated control that uses all loudspeakers of a premium car HiFi system. The results indicate that performance

  8. Predicting the Effects of In-Car Interfaces on Driver Behavior using a Cognitive Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvucci, Dario D.

    Predicting the Effects of In-Car Interfaces on Driver Behavior using a Cognitive Architecture Dario 9669 dario@cbr.com ABSTRACT When designing and evaluating "in-car" user interfaces for drivers describes a novel approach to predicting effects of in-car interfaces by modeling behavior in a cognitive

  9. MATH 360-2, Winter 2011 MENU Applied Analysis Project 1: Car Following and Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goerss, Paul

    MATH 360-2, Winter 2011 MENU Applied Analysis Project 1: Car Following and Collisions This project time of one or more cars following each other; in particular we will try to understand the somewhat to be adequate distances between the cars. The Laplace transform comes into play because of "time delay

  10. University of Aberdeen Page 1 of 10 University of Aberdeen Car Parking Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    University of Aberdeen Page 1 of 10 University of Aberdeen Car Parking Review 2013-2014 Author: Christopher Osbeck, Travel Plan Co-ordinator Current Version Date: August 2014 Version: 1.0 Car Parking Annual............................................................................................................................................10 Car Parking Annual Review 2013-14.docx #12;University of Aberdeen Page 3 of 10 Background

  11. University of Aberdeen Page 1 of 10 Car Parking Annual Review 2011-12.docx

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    University of Aberdeen Page 1 of 10 Car Parking Annual Review 2011-12.docx University of Aberdeen Car Parking Review 2011-2012 Author: Christopher Osbeck, Travel Plan Co-ordinator Current Version Date: July 2012 Version: 1.1 #12;University of Aberdeen Page 2 of 10 Car Parking Annual

  12. Mehmood et al. Paper No. 03-2158 1 Modeling Car-following Using System Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hellinga, Bruce

    Mehmood et al. Paper No. 03-2158 1 Modeling Car-following Using System Dynamics ARIF MEHMOOD, BRUCE2L 3G1, Canada. E-mail: amehmood@uwaterloo.ca Car following models describe driver behavior of relationships that do not correspond to physical aspects of the car- following process. In this paper we

  13. DESIGNING A REAL TIME SYSTEM FOR CAR NUMBER DETECTION USING DISCRETE HOPFIELD NETWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mishra, Prabhat

    DESIGNING A REAL TIME SYSTEM FOR CAR NUMBER DETECTION USING DISCRETE HOPFIELD NETWORK A.BANERJEE1@yahoo.co.in Abstract The paper addresses a novel scheme for detection of car numbers from its rear end number plates. The work has extensive applications in automatic identification of cars, responsible for Cox pollution

  14. Macroscopic traffic models from microscopic car-following models H. K. Lee,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Doochul

    Macroscopic traffic models from microscopic car-following models H. K. Lee,1 H.-W. Lee,2 and D. Kim microscopic car-following models via a coarse-graining procedure. The method is first demonstrated. The derivation is also extended to general car-following models. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.64.056126 PACS number

  15. "Knight Rider" in Graz: An autonomous car drives the guests of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.06.2009 Page 1 "Knight Rider" in Graz: An autonomous car drives the guests of honour of the RoboCup 2009 to the Stadthalle ­ without driver and without remote control Autonomous car drives State Minister to the robotics world championships Cult of the 1980s "Knight Rider" and "K.I.T.T", the intelligent, speaking car

  16. A Fuzzy Approach For The 2007 CIG Simulated Car Racing Competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary B.

    A Fuzzy Approach For The 2007 CIG Simulated Car Racing Competition Duc Thang Ho and Jonathan M of the 2007 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC2007) and the CIG2007 car racing competitions, the competition results are given. I. INTRODUCTION Car racing is a challenging problem, attracting public

  17. Evolution of Driving Agent, Remotely Operating a Scale Model of a Car with Obstacle Avoidance Capabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Evolution of Driving Agent, Remotely Operating a Scale Model of a Car with Obstacle Avoidance present an approach for evolutionary design of an agent, remotely operating a scale model of a car running to the car via standard radio control transmitter. In order to cope with the video feed latency we propose

  18. Reachable Sets for Some Simple Models of the Car's Motion Andrey Fedotov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turova, Varvara

    Reachable Sets for Some Simple Models of the Car's Motion Andrey Fedotov Institute of Mathematics¨unchen, Germany e-mail: turova@ma.tum.de 1. The simplest car dynamics written in dimensionless variables are x problem for car dy- namics (1). Also, the main theorem [2], p. 515, of the paper by L. E. Dubins (1957

  19. Evolving Controllers for Simulated Car Racing Julian Togelius and Simon M. Lucas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Togelius, Julian

    Evolving Controllers for Simulated Car Racing Julian Togelius and Simon M. Lucas Department@essex.ac.uk Abstract- This paper describes the evolution of controllers for racing a simulated radio-controlled car egocentric (first person), Newtonian (third person) or no information about the state of the car (open

  20. Coordinated avifaunal roadCounts (Car) inforMation sHeet no. 1 June 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    Coordinated avifaunal roadCounts (Car) inforMation sHeet no. 1 June 2013 HoW to Count This information sheet is intended as a guide for CAR counts anywhere in South Africa, but minor regional, your map and route description, relevant newsletter and the CAR roadcount form. Bird books, hat, lunch

  1. Parametric optimization of hybrid car engines (Final version, published in Optimization and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonnans, Frédéric

    of a car using thermal and electrical energy, which can be combined in different ways. More precisely: ­ At the design stage of new car engines, it is common to assume that the future is perfectly knownParametric optimization of hybrid car engines (Final version, published in Optimization

  2. Freund Publishing House Ltd. International Journal of Nonlinear Sciences and Numerical Simulation 4, 239-250, 2003 Traffic Flow CA Model in Which Only the Cars Following

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simulation 4, 239-250, 2003 Traffic Flow CA Model in Which Only the Cars Following the Trail of the Ahead Car from the NS model in that only the cars following the trail of the ahead car can be delayed. In other words, a car with spacing ahead longer than the car velocity limit M can not be delayed in the new model

  3. EcoCAR the Next Challenge | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementofApril 25,EV Everywhere|Muscle Car | Department

  4. Optimal coherent control of CARS: signal enhancement and background elimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang Gao; Feng Shuang; JunHui Shi; Herschel Rabitz; HaiFeng Wang; JiXin Cheng

    2012-03-28

    The ability to enhance resonant signals and eliminate the non-resonant background is analyzed for Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS). The analysis is done at a specific frequency as well as for broadband excitation using femtosecond pulse-shaping techniques. An appropriate objective functional is employed to balance resonant signal enhancement against non-resonant background suppression. Optimal enhancement of the signal and minimization of the background can be achieved by shaping the probe pulse alone while keeping the pump and Stokes pulses in transform-limited-form (TLF). In some cases analytical forms for the probe pulse can be found, and numerical simulations are carried out for other circumstances. It is found that a good approximate solution for the optimal pulse in the two-pulse CARS is a superposition of linear and arctangent type phases for the pump. The well-known probe delay method is shown to be a quasi-optimal scheme for background suppression. The results should provide a basis to improve the performance of CARS spectroscopy and microscopy.

  5. Radar/Lidar Sensor Fusion for Car-Following on Highways Daniel Gohring, Miao Wang, Michael Schnurmacher, Tinosch Ganjineh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rojas, Raúl

    Radar/Lidar Sensor Fusion for Car-Following on Highways Daniel G¨ohring, Miao Wang, Michael Schn-time algorithm which enables an autonomous car to comfortably follow other cars at various speeds while keeping that depends on the position as well as the velocity of the followed car. Radar sensors provide reliable

  6. FreedomCAR - Aftertreatment Subsystem Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lisa A. Prentiss

    2005-09-30

    The primary objective of this program was to develop generic aftertreatment technologies applicable for LDV and LDT engines ranging from 55 kW to 200kW, to develop an optimized and integrated aftertreatment system for a LDT (Light Duty Truck) type vehicle, and to demonstrate the technology which will enable light duty diesel engines to meet Federal Tier II regulation with minimum impact on fuel economy. Specifically, the development targets for emissions reduction and fuel injection penalty are given below: (1) NOx conversion efficiency > 90% (hot), > 84% (combined); (2) PM conversion efficiency > 90% (hot), > 84% (combined); (3) Fuel penalty over FTP-75 Less than 5%; and (4) Fuel penalty at Cruise condition Less than 3%. Development of cost-effective, highly efficient diesel exhaust aftertreatment systems in combination with very low engine out emission combustion development are essential elements for realization of Federal Tier II emission standards for Light Duty Trucks and Vehicles. Evaluation of several aftertreatment technologies was completed as part of this program. A combination of Diesel Oxidation Catalyst, NOx Adsorbing Catalyst and Catalyzed Soot Filter was found to provide the levels of conversion efficiency required to achieve the emission targets. While early systems required relatively large catalyst volumes, external dosing, sulfur traps, full bypass configurations and high levels of Platinum metals; the final system is a compact, scalable, flow-through, fully-integrated and engine-managed aftertreatment system capable of commercial application for Light Duty Vehicles and Trucks. NOx adsorber/particulate filter technology is particularly attractive for Light Duty applications due to the lower exhaust flow and temperature requirements as compared to Heavy Duty engines. Despite these strong positive aspects, NOx Adsorbers are challenged by their regeneration requirements and susceptibility to sulfur poisoning and thermal degradation. Capability was developed to regenerate the NOx Adsorber for NOx and SOx as well as the Particulate Filter for soot. This system was fully integrated into a truck and evaluated over the chassis dynamometer for emissions capability and in real-world winter field testing. Durability of the system was evaluated over a variety of accelerated and real-time dynamometer tests. Excellent NOx and PM conversion efficiency was demonstrated, even following 3000 hrs of endurance testing. Unregulated emissions emitted by the system were evaluated as was the fuel penalty associated with the DeNOx and DeSOx regeneration processes. In the final evaluation, the system demonstrated 90% NOx conversion and 99% PM conversion at a 6% fuel penalty over the FTP-75 test cycle. While target fuel penalty levels were demonstrated using full-bypass configuration systems, the cost associated with those systems was prohibitively high and would preclude successful commercialization of the technology. Although the flow-through configuration fell 1% short of the 5% fuel penalty target, the cost of this configuration is such that commercial application is feasible. Cost drivers for the final system configuration were identified and demonstrate areas where future development areas could focus.

  7. CARS polarized microscopy of three-dimensional director structures in liquid crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Kachynski; A. N. Kuzmin; P. N. Prasad; I. I. Smalyukh

    2007-10-18

    We demonstrate three-dimensional vibrational imaging of director structures in liquid crystals using coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) polarized microscopy. Spatial mapping of the structures is based on sensitivity of a polarized CARS signal to orientation of anisotropic molecules in liquid crystals. As an example, we study structures in a smectic material and demonstrate that single-scan CARS and two-photon fluorescence images of molecular orientation patterns are consistent with each other and with the structure model.

  8. Time-resolved CARS studies of vibrational coherences in the condensed phase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apkarian, V. Ara

    Time-resolved CARS studies of vibrational coherences in the condensed phase: I2 in solid krypton-stokes Raman scattering (TR-CARS) from the sample are measured for coincident pump (P) and Stokes (S) beams be described as: v,v' = 2cv v, v' cv' cos(v,v' t + v,v' )exp -( v + v' )t[ ] (2) TR-CARS signals obtained

  9. The not so new electric car -- Step child of Detroit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lough, S.S.

    1994-12-31

    In the first decade of the 20th century, gas and electric vehicles were in a head to head battle. Actually until after 1915, electric trucks dominated the urban scene. At this time it was not only commercial concerns who preferred electric`s but women too, for they were clean, easy to start and drive, and you know something--they still are! In lacking the foresight to develop electric car technology the US has created a global monster. Urban sprawl, suburbs, malls, pollution on a global scale, and an infrastructure which is not going to give up market share without a fight.

  10. Overview of FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool Fits theCommittee Charter OperatingSemprius Confidential 1of FreedomCAR &

  11. Sandia Energy - Electric Car Challenge Sparks Students' STEM Interest

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) byMultidayAlumniProjectsCyberNotLED Lighting Veeco:Electric Car

  12. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rental Cars Go Electric in Florida

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageBlender PumpVehicles andProductionRental Cars Go Electric

  13. Winners for NREL's 25th Solar and Lithium Ion Car Races | Awards...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The batteries used in the competition are supplied by DOE, and teams purchase authorized solar panels, then design and build the rest of their cars themselves. The competition...

  14. Real-World Emissions from Model Year 1993, 2000, and 2010 Passenger Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, M.

    2010-01-01

    FTP and the high- power cycle of the proposed supplementalfor a particular high-power cycle and car in figure A.3. (

  15. Next Generation Lunch: Revealing the World’s First 3D Printed Car (text version)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Below is the text version for the Next Generation Lunch: Revealing the World’s First 3D Printed Car Video.

  16. Student engineers design and race battery-powered cars in this...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with CNH Industrial to showcase the engineering talents of Chicago-area middle school students in this year's Electric Car Competition held at CNH Industrial in Burr Ridge...

  17. EcoCAR 2 Year 1 Winners Announced! | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    was Mississippi State University. Second Place Overall was The Ohio State University. Third Place Overall was the University of Waterloo. At Wedensday's EcoCAR 2 Finals for...

  18. Peak Travel, Peak Car and the Future of Mobility: Evidence, Unresolved...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Peak Travel, Peak Car and the Future of Mobility: Evidence, Unresolved Issues, Policy Implications, and a Research Agenda Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name:...

  19. The Future of Manufacturing Takes Shape: 3D Printed Car on Display...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    funding support from the Energy Department's Advanced Manufacturing Office-to print the car chassis using a new manufacturing machine called Big Area Additive Manufacturing or...

  20. I want to construct a train of total length 12 units using cars which are either 1 unit long or 2 units long. The question is,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCann, Robert J.

    Trains I want to construct a train of total length 12 units using cars which are either 1 unit long possibility, using 6 cars of length 1 and 3 cars of length 2. Of course, we are not so much interested the cars, or using different numbers of short and long cars. Note that a train has a front and a back, so

  1. Structure of adenovirus bound to cellular receptor car

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Freimuth, Paul I.

    2004-05-18

    Disclosed is a mutant adenovirus which has a genome comprising one or more mutations in sequences which encode the fiber protein knob domain wherein the mutation causes the encoded viral particle to have significantly weakened binding affinity for CARD1 relative to wild-type adenovirus. Such mutations may be in sequences which encode either the AB loop, or the HI loop of the fiber protein knob domain. Specific residues and mutations are described. Also disclosed is a method for generating a mutant adenovirus which is characterized by a receptor binding affinity or specificity which differs substantially from wild type. In the method, residues of the adenovirus fiber protein knob domain which are predicted to alter D1 binding when mutated, are identified from the crystal structure coordinates of the AD12knob:CAR-D1 complex. A mutation which alters one or more of the identified residues is introduced into the genome of the adenovirus to generate a mutant adenovirus. Whether or not the mutant produced exhibits altered adenovirus-CAR binding properties is then determined.

  2. Fact #653: December 13, 2010 Import Cars and Trucks Gaining Ground

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The market share for import cars and light trucks has been growing nearly every year since the mid-1990's. Import car market share more than doubled in that time -- from 14.9% in 1996 to 33.7% in...

  3. SAT and Hybrid models of the Car-Sequencing problem Christian Artigues1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    SAT and Hybrid models of the Car-Sequencing problem Christian Artigues1,2 , Emmanuel Hebrard1 car-sequencing problems by combining together the strengths of SAT and CP. We compare both pure SAT and hybrid CP/SAT models. Three features of these models are crucial to suc- cess. For quickly finding

  4. Modelling a Car Safety Controller in Road Tunnels using Hybrid Petri Nets A. Bobbio[1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horváth, András

    Modelling a Car Safety Controller in Road Tunnels using Hybrid Petri Nets A. Bobbio[1] , M this specific issue and proposes a hybrid modeling approach based on fluid Petri nets (FPN). An FPN is used that FPN is a valid paradigm to model the dynamics of a car in a detailed way. 1 Introduction In the last

  5. The D-Systems Project -Wireless Sensor Networks for Car-Park Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sreenan, Cormac J.

    to perform data aggregation, when operating with a limited data delivery time budget. 3. Two new energy that they can be deployed in existing car-parks without having to install new cabling for networkThe D-Systems Project - Wireless Sensor Networks for Car-Park Management J. Barton, J. Buckley, B

  6. Capstone Senior Design 2012-13 EcoCAR2: Mechanical (1) Thomas Bradley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connors, Daniel A.

    Capstone Senior Design 2012-13 #12;·EcoCAR2: Mechanical (1) Thomas Bradley ·EcoCAR2: User Interface Vehicle Challenge (7) Steven Schaeffer ·AFRL: Bridge Design Challenge (8) Tammy Donahue #12;·Wheelchair (17) Mitchell Stansloski ·Pioneer Engin.: Machinery Health Monitoring Inst.(18) Mitchell Stansloski

  7. The Household Market for Electric Vehicles: Testing the Hybrid Household Hypothesis--A Reflively Designed Survey of New-car-buying, Multi-vehicle California Households

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Thomas; Kurani, Kenneth

    1995-01-01

    HOW MANY HYBRID HOUSEHOLDS IN THE CALIFORNIA NEW CAR MARKET?average 2.43 cars per household, then the hybrid householdnumber of multi-car households that fit our hybrid household

  8. RICHIESTA INCENTIVO PER UTILIZZO SERVIZIO CAR SHARING per aziende con Mobility Manager nominato (ai sensi della D.D. 1487 del 30/12/2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    RICHIESTA INCENTIVO PER UTILIZZO SERVIZIO CAR SHARING per aziende con Mobility Manager nominato (ai _________________________________________________________________________ codice cliente Car Sharing ________________________________________________________ Codice Fiscale iscrizione, integra la documentazione di iscrizione stessa al servizio Car Sharing e va inviata all

  9. How to Live Well Without Owning a Car: Save Money, Breathe Easier, and Get More Mileage Out of Life By Chris Balish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Carleton

    2008-01-01

    Live Well Without Owning a Car: Save Money, Breathe Easier,Live Well Without Owning a Car: Save Money, Breathe Easier,mere thought of not owning a car in the United States today

  10. The Analysis of Right-of-way for different road users in China: Passing-Passenger-Unit Versus Passenger-Car-Unit 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiong, Wen Professor; Zhang, Yuanyuan PhD; Chen, Xiaohong Professor; Jiang, Chao

    2014-01-01

    on According g to Car Cong gestion Ext ternality. Jou rnalUNIT VERSUS PASSENGER-CAR-UNIT Wen Xiong, Associatebased on the Passenger-Car-Unit (PCU) concept. However, this

  11. Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 1975, only three percent of all new cars had a fuel economy above 25 miles per gallon (mpg), but by 2014, 73% did. Great improvements were made in the fuel economy of cars from 1975 to 1985, so...

  12. Fact #716: February 27, 2012 Diesels are more than Half of New Cars Sold in Western Europe

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2011, nearly 52% of all new cars sold in Western Europe were diesel. In Belgium, Norway, France and Spain more than 70% of the new car market in 2011 were diesels. The market penetration of...

  13. 40 CFR Ch. I (7105 Edition) 190.10 period in which he is engaged in car-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    or emissions therefrom and car- rying out inspection and enforcement activities to assure compliance6 40 CFR Ch. I (7­1­05 Edition)§ 190.10 period in which he is engaged in car- rying out any

  14. Fact #638: August 30, 2010 Average Expenditure for a New Car Declines in Relation to Family Earnings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Although the average expenditure for a new car has increased from 1967 to 2009, family earnings have also been on the rise. For this period, new car expenditures went from $3,216 to $23,186, while...

  15. Saturday, Nov. 19, 2005 Classified ads Get a job Buy a car Find real estate Go shopping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arizona, University of

    Saturday, Nov. 19, 2005 Classified ads Get a job Buy a car Find real estate Go shopping Search User | Corrections | Career opportunities | Advertise with us | About us| Archives | OC Real Estate Finder | OC Car

  16. Eta Car and Its Surroundings: the X-ray Diagnosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. F. Corcoran; K. Hamaguchi

    2007-03-02

    X-ray emission from the supermassive star Eta Carinae (\\ec) originates from hot shocked gas produced by current stellar mass loss as well as ejecta from prior eruptive events. Absorption of this emission by cool material allows the determination of the spatial and temporal distribution of this material. Emission from the shocked gas can provide important information about abundances through the study of thermal X-ray line emission. We discuss how studies of the X-ray emission from Eta Car at a variety of temporal, spatial and spectral scales and resolutions have helped refine our knowledge of both the continuous and discrete mass loss from the system, and its interactions with more extended material around the star.

  17. The Australian Geographic Team Marsupial solar-powered car

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen, G.R.; Storey, J.W.V.

    1988-01-01

    As in all vehicles of this type, low weight and aerodynamic drag must be achieved without compromising safety, and in an extremely rugged structure. This has been done by using a chrome-molybdenum steel space-frame, surrounded by a Kevlar/foam sandwich body shell. The solar panel wing, which uses a laminar flow section to obtain low drag, does not tilt except when the vehicle is stationary. A high degree of redundancy is built into the vehicle; for example there are two motors and transmissions, the solar array is divided into seven parallel sub-arrays, and the power electronics is multiply redundant. Built entirely in the garage of a suburban house, the Australian Geographic Team Marsupial car cost less than US$50,000 to construct.

  18. Realignment-enhanced coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) and three-dimensional imaging in anisotropic fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Kachynski; A. N. Kuzmin; P. N. Prasad; I. I. Smalyukh

    2008-07-04

    We apply coherent anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) microscopy to characterize director structures in liquid crystals.

  19. Local Motors Begins Their Six Day Quest to 3D Print the ‘Strati’ Car Live at IMTS

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An article detailing Local Motors' preparation to 3D print a car at the September 2014 International Manufacturing Technology Show.

  20. Reconstruction of fault slip of the September 21st, 1999, Taiwan earthquake in the asphalted surface of a car park,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jian-Cheng

    surface of a car park, and co-seismic slip partitioning Jacques Angeliera,*, Jian-Cheng Leeb , Hao Received 27 May 2001; accepted 5 March 2002 Abstract The deformation in the asphalted surface of a car park), the surface traces of the June 21st, 2000, earthquake (Mw 6.4) in southern Iceland, were analysed in a car

  1. SPEECH ENHANCEMENT IN CAR NOISE ENVIRONMENT BASED ON AN ANALYSIS-SYNTHESIS APPROACH USING HARMONIC NOISE MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    So, Hing-Cheung

    SPEECH ENHANCEMENT IN CAR NOISE ENVIRONMENT BASED ON AN ANALYSIS- SYNTHESIS APPROACH USING HARMONIC using harmonic noise model (HNM) in car noise environment. The major advantages of this method are effective suppression of car noise even in very low signal-to-noise ratio environments and mitigation

  2. Testimony to the U.S. House of Representatives Science Committee IMPROVING THE NATION'S ENERGY SECURITY: CAN CARS AND TRUCKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SECURITY: CAN CARS AND TRUCKS BE MADE MORE FUEL EFFICIENT? 2:00 pm, Wednesday, February 9, 2005 Rayburn standards were effective in raising passenger car and light truck fuel economy and curbing the growth, regardless of its product mix. Manufacturers emphasizing larger light trucks and passenger cars will clearly

  3. Car Parking and pedestrian access at The University of Edinburgh Hoyrood Campus 2015-2016 From Monday 8th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    Car Parking and pedestrian access at The University of Edinburgh Hoyrood Campus 2015-2016 VISITORS PARKING From Monday 8th June 2015 until January 2016 work will be ongoing to landscape the car park is available to current permit holders in the surrounding car parking areas. For a full list please visit

  4. "Cambridge-Allston Connection by Bike, Rail, Trolley or Cable Car" 10/30/2005 Oliver Knill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knill, Oliver

    "Cambridge-Allston Connection by Bike, Rail, Trolley or Cable Car" 10/30/2005 Oliver Knill One the Cambridge and the Alston Harvard campus is insufficient. Connectivity by car or buses is no solution monorail train from the Science Center to Allston along JFK. 4) Create a cable car transportation between

  5. of hydrogen-powered cars," he says. But a major hurdle remains: the cost of platinum metal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavanagh, Karen L.

    of hydrogen-powered cars," he says. But a major hurdle remains: the cost of platinum metal needed cars," says Holdcroft. The new research network will determine if the amount of platinum can be reduced for hydrogen-powered cars in mass production facilities," says SFU chemistry professor Steve Holdcroft, who

  6. Rear-Facing Car Safety Seats: Getting the Message Marilyn J. Bull, MDa, Dennis R. Durbin, MD, MSCEb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMMENTARY Rear-Facing Car Safety Seats: Getting the Message Right Marilyn J. Bull, MDa, Dennis R and young children regarding the safest way for them to ride in a car. Child fatalities and injuries and research provided by the National High- way Traffic Safety Administration, the car safety seat

  7. The Cambridge Car Memory Test: A task matched in format to the Cambridge Face Memory Test, with norms, reliability,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchaine, Bradley C.

    The Cambridge Car Memory Test: A task matched in format to the Cambridge Face Memory Test a prosopagnosic shows a face-specific or object- general deficit). Here, we present such a task. Our Cambridge Car higher than the mean for females. We demonstrate independence between face memory and car memory

  8. Comparison of infant car seat grip orientations and lift strategies Michael Clamann*, Biwen Zhu, Leah Beaver, Kinley Taylor, David Kaber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaber, David B.

    Comparison of infant car seat grip orientations and lift strategies Michael Clamann*, Biwen Zhu: Received 23 December 2010 Accepted 4 October 2011 Keywords: Handle design Lifting task Infant car seat a b s t r a c t The rear-facing Infant Car Seat (ICS) is designed to meet federal requirements

  9. Abstract--Evolutionary algorithms have been used successfully in car racing game competitions, such as the ones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas, Simon M.

    Abstract-- Evolutionary algorithms have been used successfully in car racing game competitions and efficient way we developed a new car-racing simulator that runs much more quickly than TORCS and gives us. INTRODUCTION Car racing and driving is a rich environment with a variety of behaviours to observe and to test

  10. Abundance of mass 47 CO2 in urban air, car exhaust, and human breath Hagit P. Affek *, John M. Eiler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abundance of mass 47 CO2 in urban air, car exhaust, and human breath Hagit P. Affek *, John M (vs. VSMOW), d47, and D47 values of CO2 from car exhaust and from human breath, by constructing a car exhaust pipe was enriched in a combustion source having a composition, as determined by a ÔKeeling

  11. RRuulleess ooff OOppeerraattiioonn Enterprise Rent-a-Car is partnering with UNLV to provide a special rental program for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    RRuulleess ooff OOppeerraattiioonn Enterprise Rent-a-Car is partnering with UNLV to provide should be directed to Enterprise Rent-a-Car. · You will be required to provide a University purchase with Enterprise Rent-a-Car: 1. Utilize the direct e-links found on the UNLV Facilities web page at: http

  12. M-Eng in Electronic Systems 2013 Abstract--This paper presents a car recognition system by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whelan, Paul F.

    M-Eng in Electronic Systems 2013 1 Abstract-- This paper presents a car recognition system by locating and segmenting tail lights in the night-time road environment. Numerous approaches towards car recognition during day time have been implemented in the past. However, the features of cars during daytime

  13. Source area and rupture parameters of the 31 December 1881 Mw = 7.9 Car Nicobar earthquake estimated from tsunamis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    Source area and rupture parameters of the 31 December 1881 Mw = 7.9 Car Nicobar earthquake on the India/Andaman plate boundary resulting in 10­60 cm of uplift of the island of Car Nicobar. The rupture., and R. Bilham, Source area and rupture parameters of the 31 December 1881 Mw = 7.9 Car Nicobar

  14. Single pulse phase-control interferometric coherent anti-StokesRaman scattering spectroscopy (CARS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lim, Sang-Hyun; Caster, Allison G.; Leone, Stephen R.

    2005-09-28

    In coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy (CARS) experiments, usually the amplitude of the signal is measured and the phase information is lost. With a polarization- and phase-controlled pulse shaping technique, the relative phase between the resonant and non-resonant CARS signals is controlled, and spectral interferometry is performed without an interferometer. Both the real and imaginary parts of the background-free resonant CARS spectrum are measured via spectral interferometry between the resonant and non-resonant signals from the same sample. The resonant signal is amplified significantly by homodyne mixing with the non-resonant signal as a local oscillator, greatly improving the detection limit.

  15. Localization via Automorphisms of the CARs. Local gauge invariance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hendrik Grundling; Karl-Hermann Neeb

    2010-01-07

    The classical matter fields are sections of a vector bundle E with base manifold M. The space L^2(E) of square integrable matter fields w.r.t. a locally Lebesgue measure on M, has an important module action of C_b^\\infty(M) on it. This module action defines restriction maps and encodes the local structure of the classical fields. For the quantum context, we show that this module action defines an automorphism group on the algebra A, of the canonical anticommutation relations on L^2(E), with which we can perform the analogous localization. That is, the net structure of the CAR, A, w.r.t. appropriate subsets of M can be obtained simply from the invariance algebras of appropriate subgroups. We also identify the quantum analogues of restriction maps. As a corollary, we prove a well-known "folk theorem," that the algebra A contains only trivial gauge invariant observables w.r.t. a local gauge group acting on E.

  16. Lean Gasoline System Development for Fuel Efficient Small Cars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-08-30

    The General Motors and DOE cooperative agreement program DE-EE0003379 is completed. The program has integrated and demonstrated a lean-stratified gasoline engine, a lean aftertreatment system, a 12V Stop/Start system and an Active Thermal Management system along with the necessary controls that significantly improves fuel efficiency for small cars. The fuel economy objective of an increase of 25% over a 2010 Chevrolet Malibu and the emission objective of EPA T2B2 compliance have been accomplished. A brief review of the program, summarized from the narrative is: The program accelerates development and synergistic integration of four cost competitive technologies to improve fuel economy of a light-duty vehicle by at least 25% while meeting Tier 2 Bin 2 emissions standards. These technologies can be broadly implemented across the U.S. light-duty vehicle product line between 2015 and 2025 and are compatible with future and renewable biofuels. The technologies in this program are: lean combustion, innovative passive selective catalyst reduction lean aftertreatment, 12V stop/start and active thermal management. The technologies will be calibrated in a 2010 Chevrolet Malibu mid-size sedan for final fuel economy demonstration.

  17. Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) optimized by exploiting optical interference 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xi

    2012-07-16

    The purpose of this work is to study the interference between the coherent nonresonant four-wave-mixing (FWM) background and the Raman-resonant signal in the coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS). The nonresonant background is usually...

  18. Notes on the equality in SSA of entropy on CAR algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Pitrik; V. P. Belavkin

    2006-02-13

    We prove a necessary an sufficient condition for the states which satisfy strong subadditivity of von Neumann entropy with equality on CAR algebra and we show an example when the equality holds but the state is not separable.

  19. Automatic deployment of autonomous cars in a robotic urban-like environment (RULE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Itani, Sara T.

    We present a computational framework and experimental setup for deployment of autonomous cars in a miniature Robotic Urban-Like Environment (RULE). The specifications are given in rich, human-like language as temporal logic ...

  20. The structure of strongly additive states and Markov triplets on the CAR algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anna Jencova

    2010-08-05

    We find a characterization of states satisfying equality in strong subadditivity of entropy and of Markov triplets on the CAR algebra. For even states, a more detailed structure of the density matrix is given.

  1. Autonomous Golf Cars for Public Trial of Mobility-on-Demand Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frazzoli, Emilio

    We detail the design of autonomous golf cars which were used in public trials in Singapore’s Chinese and Japanese Gardens, for the purpose of raising public awareness and gaining user acceptance of autonomous vehicles. The ...

  2. Intra-car Wireless Sensors Data Collection: A Multi-hop Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starobinski, David

    , based on Zigbee, RFID, and ultra-wideband technologies ([2]-[4]), have been examined for replacing Indication (RSSI) profiles, of a Zigbee-based sensor network inside a car. The results in [3, 6, 7] provide

  3. Rockets 2 Race Cars Teacher Program at the Kentucky Speedway (NASA)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Register here. Go Green Edition / The Heat is ON! Get your students revved up about science, technology, engineering and mathematics with NASA's Rockets 2 Race Cars STEM Education program....

  4. Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Himpsel, Franz J.

    Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors (like a butterly, no bleaching after 5 years Miami) #12;Nanotechnology on our Desktops Hard Disk Sensor Medium

  5. Ohio State University Races to the Finish as the Winner of EcoCAR...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    GM provided each team with a 2013 Chevrolet Malibu to transform into an advanced plug-in hybrid vehicle that can compete with the most fuel-efficient cars on the market. The teams...

  6. Redesigning experimental equipment for determining peak pressure in a simulated tank car transfer line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diaz, Richard A

    2007-01-01

    When liquids are transported from storage tanks to tank cars, improper order of valve openings can cause pressure surges in the transfer line. To model this phenomenon and predict the peak pressures in such a transfer line, ...

  7. The Ohio State University Wins Year One of North American EcoCAR...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    winning team for Year One of the EcoCAR 3 competition, a four-year collegiate engineering program that gives students the chance to design, build, and demonstrate...

  8. Project Information Form Project Title Eco-Driving to Reduce Emissions Cars (Behavioral Focus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Project Information Form Project Title Eco-Driving to Reduce Emissions ­ Cars (Behavioral Focus) presently understood potential of feedback to vehicle drivers to reduce on-road energy use and emissions

  9. Fact #726: May 7, 2012 SUVs: Are They Cars or Trucks?

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards set for model years (MY) 2011 through 2016 include small, 2-wheel drive sport utility vehicles (SUVs) with cars instead of light trucks. Until...

  10. Search/Archive Site Map About Us Contact Us Home Delivery Advertise Jobs Cars Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suslick, Kenneth S.

    Search/Archive Site Map About Us Contact Us Home Delivery Advertise Jobs · Cars · Homes smell strongly and badly. "Inorganic chemistry stinks," said Kenneth S. Suslick, the chemist who led

  11. EcoCAR 2: Racing Towards Vehicle Efficiency | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Education & Outreach Manager, Vehicle Technologies Program What are the key facts? First year finals of the EcoCAR2 competition conclude today in Los Angeles, CA. For the second...

  12. NREL: News - Winners for NREL's 25th Solar and Lithium Ion Car...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Share Printable Version News Release NR-2315 Winners for NREL's 25th Solar and Lithium Ion Car Races May 16, 2015 Sixty-three teams from 17 Colorado middle schools...

  13. Fact #575: June 15, 2009 Diesel Car Sales in Europe Still Over 50% in 2008

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    More than half of all cars sold in Western Europe since 2006 are fueled by diesel. The overall share of diesel sales, however, declined slightly from 2007 to 2008. Belgium, France, and the United...

  14. Report on the 1. Techno Rally of small model cars driven by Stirling engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Isshiki, N.; Hirata, M.; Fujii, I.; Masuno, M.

    1998-07-01

    The first speed contest of model cars driven by hand made Stirling engines was held in summer of 1997 in Tokyo under the name of The First Stirling Techno Rally sponsored by JSME and others. The body of cars were smaller than 60 cm in length and 30 cm in width to fit the test course and Stirling engines were non-pressurized hot air engine fueled by gas or solid fuel. On the race day, 103 cars were gathered from high schools, universities and companies, and the contest was successful1 in both technical and educational purposes. The top speed record was 4.25 second for 13 m run. In this paper the details of this contest are reported. The second techno rally will be held in November, 1998 at Honda's sub car test course.

  15. How the green guys won : interest group strategies & the California Clean Cars Legislation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paine, Carli

    2005-01-01

    In July of 2002, the California State Legislature passed the "California Clean Cars Bill," the first law in the United States to regulate carbon dioxide as a vehicular pollutant. California's vehicular standards have ...

  16. Fact #847: November 17, 2014 Cars were Over 50% of Light Vehicle Production in 2014

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 1975, cars were just over 80% of light vehicle production. From the early 1980s to 2005, light trucks were an increasing share of the light vehicles produced. The share of sport utility vehicles...

  17. Fact #647: November 1, 2010 Sales Shifting from Light Trucks to Cars

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    From 2005 to 2009 light vehicle sales have gradually shifted toward cars over light trucks. The graph below shows this trend broken down by the major manufacturers. This trend is more evident among...

  18. Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon Fact 848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon In 1975, only three percent of all...

  19. Fact #724: April 23, 2012 Gas Guzzler Tax Levied on New Cars...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    with Low Fuel Economy The "Gas Guzzler Tax" is collected from the public for each new car purchased with fuel economy less than 22.5 miles per gallon (mpg). The Gas Guzzler Tax...

  20. Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The median age of cars and trucks in the U.S. continued to grow in 2008. Due to the economic climate and high gasoline prices that summer, consumers held onto their vehicles longer and delayed new...

  1. PARKING/TRANSIT: Football game day information Will you be in Clemson during the game? If you have a car parked on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    a car parked on campus or plan to drive a car on campus or around town this weekend, read the following information and heed the warnings to avoid the expense and frustration of your car being towed from a spaceStadiumInfo2014.pdf?DB_OEM_ID=28500&DB_OEM_ID=28500 #12;Parking restrictions after the game Parked cars must

  2. The car sequencing problem: overview of state-of-the-art methods and industrial case-study of the ROADEF'2005 challenge problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Christian

    The car sequencing problem: overview of state-of-the-art methods and industrial case, occurred in industry. In 2005, the subject of this challenge has been proposed by the car manufacturer RE- NAULT and concerned a car sequencing problem. This problem involves scheduling cars along an assembly

  3. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND AI IN GAMES, VOL. 2, NO. 2, JUNE 2010 131 The 2009 Simulated Car Racing Championship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Togelius, Julian

    The 2009 Simulated Car Racing Championship Daniele Loiacono, Pier Luca Lanzi, Julian Togelius, Enrique Preuss, and Jan Quadflieg Abstract--In this paper, we overview the 2009 Simulated Car Racing Championship of high-performing car racing controllers and 2) the organization of scientific competitions. Index Terms--Car

  4. Efficient Acquisition and Realistic Rendering of Car Paint Johannes Gunther, Tongbo Chen, Michael Goesele, Ingo Wald, and Hans-Peter Seidel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goesele, Michael

    Efficient Acquisition and Realistic Rendering of Car Paint Johannes G¨unther, Tongbo Chen, Michael Beetle" car rendered with a measured and fitted "Polaris Silber" car paint, lighted from Paul Debevec's HDR environment map of the Uffizi Gallery in Florence [5]. Abstract The outside appearance of cars

  5. What Am I Really Paying When I Buy a Car Goal: The goal of this project is learn about the power of compound interest and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lega, Joceline

    What Am I Really Paying When I Buy a Car Goal: The goal of this project is learn about the power (Excell, Open Office Calc) Procedure: You are to find a car online that you would like (cars.com, or any dealership's website) that would be sold in Tucson. Next you are to finance the car (meaning take out a loan

  6. CBMM Memo No. 018 June 13, 2014 Parsing Semantic Parts of Cars Using Graphical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuille, Alan L.

    the car to one of the parts (e.g.body, window, lights, license plates and wheels). We formulate award CCF - 1231216. arXiv:1406.2375v2[cs.CV]11Jun2014 #12;window& light&light& lic.&plate& body& lic, license plates and bodies ­ so that each pixel within the car is assigned to a part. front / back right

  7. High-resolution X-ray spectroscopy of Theta Car

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yael Naze; Gregor Rauw

    2008-08-25

    Context : The peculiar hot star Theta Car in the open cluster IC2602 is a blue straggler as well as a single-line binary of short period (2.2d). Aims : Its high-energy properties are not well known, though X-rays can provide useful constraints on the energetic processes at work in binaries as well as in peculiar, single objects. Methods : We present the analysis of a 50ks exposure taken with the XMM-Newton observatory. It provides medium as well as high-resolution spectroscopy. Results : Our high-resolution spectroscopy analysis reveals a very soft spectrum with multiple temperature components (1--6MK) and an X-ray flux slightly below the `canonical' value (log[L_X(0.1-10.)/L_{BOL}] ~ -7). The X-ray lines appear surprisingly narrow and unshifted, reminiscent of those of beta Cru and tau Sco. Their relative intensities confirm the anomalous abundances detected in the optical domain (C strongly depleted, N strongly enriched, O slightly depleted). In addition, the X-ray data favor a slight depletion in neon and iron, but they are less conclusive for the magnesium abundance (solar-like?). While no significant changes occur during the XMM-Newton observation, variability in the X-ray domain is detected on the long-term range. The formation radius of the X-ray emission is loosely constrained to <5 R_sol, which allows for a range of models (wind-shock, corona, magnetic confinement,...) though not all of them can be reconciled with the softness of the spectrum and the narrowness of the lines.

  8. If Cars Were More Efficient Would We Use Less Fuel?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Small, Kenneth A.; Dender, Kurt Van

    2007-01-01

    so large that not much gasoline is saved, and other problemsStates Have the Right Gasoline Tax? ” American Economicprice elasticity of gasoline declined, but only modestly (

  9. NAME_______________________ (1) Stunt driver Fearless Freida is performing a loop-the-loop in her frictionless coaster car. She

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Joseph

    frictionless coaster car. She is initially propelled with speed vo towards the loop, then she coasts around the circular track, of diameter 10.0 m. Freida and her car have total mass 120 kg. (a) If her initial speed (vo) is 20 m/s, determine the speed at the top of the loop. (b) Draw free-body diagrams for the coaster car

  10. The Phosphorylated C-Terminus of cAR1 Plays a Role in Cell-Type-Specific Gene Expression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firtel, Richard A.

    The Phosphorylated C-Terminus of cAR1 Plays a Role in Cell-Type-Specific Gene Expression and STATa and nuclear localiza- tion, also in mound-stage cells. During mound development, the cAMP receptor cAR1 expressed cAR1 mutants in a strain in which the endogenous cAMP receptors that mediate postaggregative gene

  11. FreedomCAR Advanced Traction Drive Motor Development Phase I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ley, Josh; Lutz, Jon

    2006-09-01

    The overall objective of this program is to design and develop an advanced traction motor that will meet the FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) 2010 goals and the traction motor technical targets. The motor specifications are given in Section 1.3. Other goals of the program include providing a cost study to ensure the motor can be developed within the cost targets needed for the automotive industry. The program has focused on using materials that are both high performance and low costs such that the performance can be met and cost targets are achieved. In addition, the motor technologies and machine design features must be compatible with high volume manufacturing and able to provide high reliability, efficiency, and ruggedness while simultaneously reducing weight and volume. Weight and volume reduction will become a major factor in reducing cost, material cost being the most significant part of manufacturing cost at high volume. Many motor technology categories have been considered in the past and present for traction drive applications, including: brushed direct current (DC), PM (PM) brushless dc (BLDC), alternating current (AC) induction, switched reluctance and synchronous reluctance machines. Of these machine technologies, PM BLDC has consistently demonstrated an advantage in terms of power density and efficiency. As rare earth magnet cost has declined, total cost may also be reduced over the other technologies. Of the many different configurations of PM BLDC machines, those which incorporate power production utilizing both magnetic torque as well as reluctance torque appear to have the most promise for traction applications. There are many different PM BLDC machine configurations which employ both of these torque producing mechanisms; however, most would fall into one of two categories--some use weaker magnets and rely more heavily on reluctance torque (reluctance-dominant PM machines), others use strong PMs and supplement with reluctance torque (magnet-dominant PM machines). This report covers a trade study that was conducted in this phase I program to explore which type of machine best suits the FCVT requirements.

  12. Canted Undulator Upgrade for GeoSoilEnviroCARS Sector 13 at the Advanced Photon Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sutton, Stephen

    2013-02-02

    Support for the beamline component of the canted undulator upgrade of Sector 13 (GeoSoilEnviroCARS; managed and operated by the University of Chicago) at the Advanced Photon Source (APS; Argonne National Laboratory) was received from three agencies (equally divided): NASA-SRLIDAP (now LARS), NSF-EAR-IF (ARRA) and DOE-Single Investigator Small Group (SISGR). The associated accelerator components (undulators, canted front end) were provided by the APS using DOE-ARRA funding. The intellectual merit of the research enabled by the upgrade lies in advancing our knowledge of the composition, structure and properties of earth materials; the processes they control; and the processes that produce them. The upgrade will facilitate scientific advances in the following areas: high pressure mineral physics and chemistry, non-crystalline and nano-crystalline materials at high pressure, chemistry of hydrothermal fluids, reactions at mineral-water interfaces, biogeochemistry, oxidation states of magmas, flow dynamics of fluids and solids, and cosmochemistry. The upgrade, allowing the microprobe to operate 100% of the time and the high pressure and surface scattering and spectroscopy instruments to receive beam time increases, will facilitate much more efficient use of the substantial investment in these instruments. The broad scientific community will benefit by the increase in the number of scientists who conduct cutting-edge research at GSECARS. The user program in stations 13ID-C (interface scattering) and 13ID-D (laser heated diamond anvil cell and large volume press) recommenced in June 2012. The operation of the 13ID-E microprobe station began in the Fall 2012 cycle (Oct.-Dec 2012). The upgraded canted beamlines double the amount of undulator beam time at Sector 13 and provide new capabilities including extended operations of the X-ray microprobe down to the sulfur K edge and enhanced brightness at high energy. The availability of the upgraded beamlines will advance the research being conducted at Sector 13.

  13. The rotational broadening of V395 Car - implications on compact object's mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Shahbaz; C. A. Watson

    2007-08-21

    CONTEXT: The masses previously obtained for the X-ray binary 2S0921-630 inferred a compact object that was either a high-mass neutron star or low-mass black-hole, but used a previously published value for the rotational broadening (vsini) with large uncertainties. AIMS: We aim to determine an accurate mass for the compact object through an improved measurement of the secondary star's projected equatorial rotational velocity. METHODS: We have used UVES echelle spectroscopy to determine the vsini of the secondary star (V395 Car) in the low-mass X-ray binary 2S0921-630 by comparison to an artificially broadened spectral-type template star. In addition, we have also measured vsini from a single high signal-to-noise ratio absorption line profile calculated using the method of Least-Squares Deconvolution (LSD). RESULTS: We determine vsini to lie between 31.3+/-0.5km/s to 34.7+/-0.5km/s (assuming zero and continuum limb darkening, respectively) in disagreement with revious results based on intermediate resolution spectroscopy obtained with the 3.6m NTT. Using our revised vsini value in combination with the secondary star's radial velocity gives a binary mass ratio of 0.281+/-0.034. Furthermore, assuming a binary inclination angle of 75 degrees gives a compact object mass of 1.37+/-0.13Mo. CONCLUSIONS: We find that using relatively low-resolution spectroscopy can result in systemic uncertainties in the measured vsini values obtained using standard methods. We suggest the use of LSD as a secondary, reliable check of the results as LSD allows one to directly discern the shape of the absorption line profile. In the light of the new vsini measurement, we have revised down the compact object's mass, such that it is now compatible with a canonical neutron star mass.

  14. Automatic Control System of Car-Bottom Reheating Furnace 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xueqiao, M.; Weilian, X.; Hongchen, Z.

    1985-01-01

    At present China has large quantities of two-regenerator gas reheating furnaces which are old in fashion and low in calorific efficiency. Therefore, the question how to increase the calorific efficiency is very much concerned on condition...

  15. Femtosecond Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy (CARS) As Next Generation Nonlinear LIDAR Spectroscopy and Microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ooi, C. H. Raymond

    2009-07-10

    Nonlinear spectroscopy using coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering and femtosecond laser pulses has been successfully developed as powerful tools for chemical analysis and biological imaging. Recent developments show promising possibilities of incorporating CARS into LIDAR system for remote detection of molecular species in airborne particles. The corresponding theory is being developed to describe nonlinear scattering of a mesoscopic particle composed of complex molecules by laser pulses with arbitrary shape and spectral content. Microscopic many-body transform theory is used to compute the third order susceptibility for CARS in molecules with known absorption spectrum and vibrational modes. The theory is combined with an integral scattering formula and Mie-Lorentz formulae, giving a rigorous formalism which provides powerful numerical experimentation of CARS spectra, particularly on the variations with the laser parameters and the direction of detection.

  16. FAST CARS Developing a Laser Spectroscopic Technique for Rapid Identification of Bacterial Spores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scully, M O; Lucht, R P; Opatrny, T; Pilloff, H; Rebane, A; Sokolov, A V; Zubairy, M S

    2002-01-01

    Airborne contaminants, e.g., bacterial spores, are usually analyzed by time consuming microscopic, chemical and biological assays. Current research into real time laser spectroscopic detectors of such contaminants is based on e.g. resonant Raman spectroscopy. The present approach derives from recent experiments in which atoms and molecules are prepared by one (or more) coherent laser(s) and probed by another set of lasers. The connection with previous studies based on "Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy" (CARS) is to be noted. However generating and utilizing maximally coherent oscillation in macromolecules having an enormous number of degrees of freedom is much more challenging. This extension of the CARS technique is called FAST CARS (Femtosecond Adaptive Spectroscopic Techniques for Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy), and the present paper proposes and analyses ways in which it could be used to rapidly identify pre-selected molecules in real time.

  17. Quantitative, Comparable Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) Spectroscopy: Correcting Errors in Phase Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camp, Charles H; Cicerone, Marcus T

    2015-01-01

    Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microspectroscopy has demonstrated significant potential for biological and materials imaging. To date, however, the primary mechanism of disseminating CARS spectroscopic information is through pseudocolor imagery, which explicitly neglects a vast majority of the hyperspectral data. Furthermore, current paradigms in CARS spectral processing do not lend themselves to quantitative sample-to-sample comparability. The primary limitation stems from the need to accurately measure the so-called nonresonant background (NRB) that is used to extract the chemically-sensitive Raman information from the raw spectra. Measurement of the NRB on a pixel-by-pixel basis is a nontrivial task; thus, reference NRB from glass or water are typically utilized, resulting in error between the actual and estimated amplitude and phase. In this manuscript, we present a new methodology for extracting the Raman spectral features that significantly suppresses these errors through phase detrending ...

  18. Effect of polariton propagation on spectra of SRS amplification and CARS from polaritons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orlov, Sergei N; Polivanov, Yurii N

    2001-10-31

    The properties of k spectra of SRS amplification and CARS from polaritons caused by 'running out' of polaritons from the volume of their interaction with incident light beams are theoretically analysed. It is shown that the shape and width of the spectra depend on the relation between the size of the overlap region of exciting waves in a crystal along the direction of polariton propagation and the mean free path of polaritons. The conditions are found under which the widths of SRS amplification and CARS spectra give information on the polariton decay. (nonlinear optical phenomena and devices)

  19. EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementofApril 25,EV Everywhere|Muscle Car |EcoCAR: The NeXt

  20. Electric Propulsion for Cars: New Directions for Energy Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    a Prius 220 gal/year #12;Substitute Alternative Fuels for Gasoline Electricity Natural gas Methanol ? Bio: CEC, EIA 2003 CA US Natural Gas 37% 17% Large Hydro 16% 7% Coal 21% 51% Nuclear 15% 20% Eligible is used in: US 2005 · petrochemicals 7% · freight and aviation 32% · light vehicles 51% 90% #12;Oil Use vs

  1. Int J CARS (2007) 2:1930 DOI 10.1007/s11548-007-0073-9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, Pascal

    2007-01-01

    Int J CARS (2007) 2:19­30 DOI 10.1007/s11548-007-0073-9 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Segmentation. Nowinski Received: 20 October 2006 / Accepted: 23 January 2007 / Published online: 17 March 2007 © CARS for Science Technology and Research, Singapore, Singapore S. H. Ong Department of Electrical and Computer

  2. Path Tracking Control for Dubin's Cars A.Balluchiy A.Bicchiy A.Balestrinoy G.Casalinoz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltes, Jacky

    Path Tracking Control for Dubin's Cars A.Balluchiy A.Bicchiy A.Balestrinoy G.Casalinoz yDepartment of Electrical Systems and Automation, University of Pisa. Via Diotisalvi, 2, 56125 Pisa - Italy. z. Abstract The problem of driving a car along a given path is con- sidered. In order to model a realistic

  3. COVER SHEET Hall, Carly and Heffernan, Maree (2006) Where is it and why is it there? : GIS and its

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roe, Paul

    2006-01-01

    COVER SHEET Hall, Carly and Heffernan, Maree (2006) Where is it and why is it there? : GIS and its IS IT THERE? : GIS AND ITS POTENTIAL USE IN THE HUMAN SERVICES SECTOR Carly HallA and Maree Heffernan Information Systems (GIS) in a Human Services environment. Policy shifts are increasingly requiring human

  4. Diesel Futures Forget the black soot and smoke. Modern diesel-powered cars are quiet, clean and fast.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    passenger-car importer, Volkswagen, with new models of their own. As of now, only the VW Jetta/Golf/Beetle 1Diesel Futures Forget the black soot and smoke. Modern diesel-powered cars are quiet, clean, and be within a gnat's whisker of a gasoline hybrid like the Prius. The studies of total energy consumption

  5. BEHAVIORAL DISTINCTIONS: THE USE OF LIGHT-DUTY TRUCKS AND PASSENGER CARS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    BEHAVIORAL DISTINCTIONS: THE USE OF LIGHT-DUTY TRUCKS AND PASSENGER CARS by Kara Maria Kockelman as light-duty trucks (LDTs), resulting in a variety of regulatory protections. Production and purchase as light-duty trucks (LDTs), and they currently capture 51% of new U.S. passenger vehicle sales1 ­ much

  6. Potential for meeting the EU new passenger car CO? emissions targets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhatt, Kandarp

    2011-01-01

    In 2009, the European Parliament agreed to limit the CO2 emissions from new passenger cars sold in the European Union to an average of 130g/km by 2015. Further, a probable longer-term CO2 emissions target of 95g/km is ...

  7. Two Billion Cars: What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel Sperling

    2009-04-15

    April 13, 2009: Daniel Sperling, director of the Institute of Transportation Studies at UC Davis, presents the next installment of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Divisions Distinguished Lecture series. He discusses Two Billion Cars and What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy.

  8. Sacred Cars? Cost-Effective Regulation of Stationary and Non-stationary Pollution Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Sacred Cars? Cost-Effective Regulation of Stationary and Non-stationary Pollution Sources Meredith reasons, environmental regulations sometimes treat point source polluters, such as power plants, differently from mobile source polluters, such as vehicles. This paper measures the extent of this regulatory

  9. APPLICATION FOR CAR SHARING PARKING PERMIT 2014/15 (EXETER CAMPUSES)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bearhop, Stuart

    is correct, and that I am the registered keeper of the vehicle(s) detailed above, and I undertake windscreen of my vehicle in accordance with the instructions determined by the University Council · To display the permit on the vehicle at all times when it is being used for car sharing purposes whilst

  10. Simply, too many cars to park in too little road space. Keep tight to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiesner, Karoline

    to listen Keep the music inside, use headphones, shut windows or turn down the volume Halloween (31 Oct is at risk to damage & emergency vehicles cannot pass `Shared' cars are available on Lansdown & Kensington damaged Local Police Tel no: 101 Non Emergency ? ? Join and keep up to date with all things local on Bins

  11. Effect of Information Modality on Geographic Cognition in Car Navigation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCrickard, Scott

    Effect of Information Modality on Geographic Cognition in Car Navigation Systems Maxim Moldenhauer: Geographic cognition, notification systems, in-vehicle information systems 1 Introduction The introduction of information systems into vehicles is a growing trend that can provide drivers with useful tools for navigation

  12. Toward a Low-CarMunicipal Financing for Energy Efficiency and Solar Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Toward a Low-CarMunicipal Financing for Energy Efficiency and Solar Power By Merrian C. Fuller of the Inter- governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Thus far much of the effort has been focused, such as improving energy efficiency and add- ing solar photovoltaics (PV) and solar thermal systems to buildings

  13. Home News Business Sports Travel Entertainment Homes Jobs Cars Shopping Top headlines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paller, Ken

    Home News Business Sports Travel Entertainment Homes Jobs Cars Shopping 31° Latest for Top Nursing Home Administrator read more & apply Search Chicago jobs All Chicago jobs Post resume Post a job applications," said Ralph Nuzzo, a chemistry professor who worked with Rogers to co-author a description

  14. Two Billion Cars: What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Daniel Sperling

    2010-01-08

    April 13, 2009: Daniel Sperling, director of the Institute of Transportation Studies at UC Davis, presents the next installment of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Divisions Distinguished Lecture series. He discusses Two Billion Cars and What it Means for Climate and Energy Policy.

  15. Fact #752: November 5, 2012 Western Europe Plug-in Car Sales, 2012

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Using data for the first seven months of 2012, Norway has the highest plug-in car market share at 2.55%. The Netherlands has the second highest plug-in market share (0.59%) and despite its small...

  16. Sustainability impacts of car road pricing: A computable general equilibrium analysis for Austria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keeling, Stephen L.

    2006 Nationwide car road pricing schemes are discussed across Europe. We analyse the impacts important since the 1970s. Transport is now responsible for at least a quarter of world primary energy use, in the economist's jargon, "second-best" (see, e.g., Calthrop and Proost, 1998; Nash et al., 2001; Ubbels et al

  17. Toward a Low-CarMunicipal Financing for Energy Efficiency and Solar Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Toward a Low-CarMunicipal Financing for Energy Efficiency and Solar Power By Merrian C. Fuller, such as improving energy efficiency and add- ing solar photovoltaics (PV) and solar thermal systems to buildings Berkeley to address this barrier by making financing for solar power installations and energy

  18. Automotive is the domain of `self propelled, motorised vehicles'. Hence, although the car is dominant, the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the automotive industry and automotive industry standards. Programme This minor consists out of an introduction context, it widens even further. The automotive industry is one of the most complex ones, in terms Automotive Design "I believe, the most significant thing happening in the global car design industry

  19. Car-Park Management using Wireless Sensor J. P. Benson, T. O'Donovan, P. O'Sullivan, U. Roedig, C. Sreenan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sreenan, Cormac J.

    Car-Park Management using Wireless Sensor Networks J. P. Benson, T. O'Donovan, P. O'Sullivan, U'Flynn Tyndall National Institute, Cork, Ireland Abstract-- A complete wireless sensor network solution for car performance are then discussed. The analysis of link characteristics in the car-park scenario shows unexpected

  20. CARS is a four wave mixing process, combining three incident electric fields, pump, Stokes and probe, to produce a fourth, the anti-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    CARS is a four wave mixing process, combining three incident electric fields, pump, Stokes diagram for the production of a CARS signal. The three incident waves pump, probe (both of frequency p) and Stokes (S) combine to produce an anti-Stokes signal, frequency as. Figure 2. Schematic of the CARS system

  1. Loading containers on double-stack cars: Multi-objective optimization models and solution algorithms for improved safety and reduced maintenance cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Xuesong

    1 Loading containers on double-stack cars: Multi-objective optimization models and solution-stack cars: Multi-objective optimization models and solution algorithms for improved safety and reduced maintenance cost Abstract To improve safety measures of loading containers on double-stack rail cars

  2. An Epi-Detected Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (E-CARS) Microscope with High Spectral Resolution and High Sensitivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

    LETTERS An Epi-Detected Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (E-CARS) Microscope with High-detected coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (E-CARS) microscope that uses two synchronized picosecond pulse (CARS) microscopy provides a unique approach to imaging chemical and biological samples by using

  3. Subscribe / Give a Gift / Customer Service / Promotions / Blogs / Video / Digital Edition / JOIN FREE / SIGN IN TRY: Hottest Cars Ever / MINI Cooper / Best Gadgets Ever

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romps, David M.

    / Digital Edition / JOIN FREE / SIGN IN TRY: Hottest Cars Ever / MINI Cooper / Best Sports Cars of the '70s and '80s From the 1970s through the mid-1980s, nearly every new sports car had a pointy nose and pop-up headlamps... CONNECT WITH POPULAR MECHANICS: FEATURED

  4. Evolving a Fuzzy Controller for a Car Racing Competition Diego Perez, Gustavo Recio, Yago Saez, Member, IEEE, Pedro Isasi, Member, IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary B.

    Evolving a Fuzzy Controller for a Car Racing Competition Diego Perez, Gustavo Recio, Yago Saez competitions held on Computational Intelligence in Games conferences is the Car Racing Competi- tion 2008 Car Racing Competition, where the objective was to develop a controller able to win races, alone

  5. PHOTO PROVIDED BY THE SOLAR CAR TEAM Vol. 47, No. 2 ME Advising Office 2560 EB 355-3338 Spring, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feeny, Brian

    , 2010 ME Bulletin News for Mechanical Engineering Majors Photo of Solar Car Team taken at Cresson, Texas their car in every event possible. A decision was made to sit out this summer's race (North American Solar Challenge) in order to complete a competitive car that can race on a cross-country route. With an extra year

  6. To: UniPark, M411 A parking/car pooling permit payroll authority may be cancelled for the following reasons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobar, Michael

    To: UniPark, M411 A parking/car pooling permit payroll authority may be cancelled for the following. the employee's circumstances have changed and a parking/car pooling permit is no longer required. Unless there are extenuating circumstances, an employee who has cancelled his/her parking/car pooling permit for reason 2. or 3

  7. Title: Optimal Design of a Thermoelectric Cooling/Heating for Car Seat Comfort Developed by Dr. HoSung Lee on 10/18/2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Ho Sung

    1 Title: Optimal Design of a Thermoelectric Cooling/Heating for Car Seat Comfort Developed by Dr. HoSung Lee on 10/18/2014 Car seat comfort is becoming more and more a competitive issue, moving optional to standard vehicle equipment. From early 1960s, it was shown that aerated car seats improved

  8. Fact #751: October 29, 2012 Plug-in Car Sales Higher in the U.S. Compared to Western Europe and China

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2011, plug-in car sales in the U.S. were 0.28% of the U.S. car market, and grew to 0.44% of the U.S. car market in the first eight months of 2012. Western Europe has also increased their plug-in...

  9. Chaotic Vibration of a Quarter-Car Model Excited by the Road Surface Profile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grzegorz Litak; Marek Borowiec; Michael I. Friswell; Kazimierz Szabelski

    2006-01-14

    The Melnikov criterion is used to examine a global homoclinic bifurcation and transition to chaos in the case of a quarter car model excited kinematically by the road surface profile. By analyzing the potential an analytic expression is found for the homoclinic orbit. By introducing an harmonic excitation term and damping as perturbations, the critical Melnikov amplitude of the road surface profile is found, above which the system can vibrate chaotically.

  10. Blasting Rocks and Blasting Cars: Applied Engineering (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Hopkins, Deb

    2011-04-28

    Summer Lecture Series 2004: Deb Hopkins works with industries like automobile, mining and paper to improve their evaluation and measuring techniques. For several years, she has coordinated a program at Berkeley Lab funded under the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, a collaboration between the federal government and the U.S. Council for Automotive Research. Nondestructive evaluation techniques to test a car's structural integrity are being developed for auto assembly lines.

  11. Propane-fueled car records good marks in alternate-fuel testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-04-01

    Testing of a 1988 Ford Crown Victoria, fueled by propane and provided by Petrolane (Long Beach, Calif.), has provided the NPGA Alternate Fuels Task Force with some powerful arguments as to the worth of propane as a motor fuel to help combat air pollution. The car was tested for high altitude performance in Denver and for sea level performance at the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) test site in Ann Arbor, Mich.

  12. EcoCAR 3: Collegiate Teams to Pump up Fuel Efficiency of Iconic American

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementofApril 25,EV Everywhere|Muscle Car | Department of

  13. EcoCAR2 Teams Start their Virtual Engines | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementofApril 25,EV Everywhere|Muscle Car |

  14. Electric Cars Coming to Former Delaware GM Plant | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementofApril 25,EVthe nextofofEffluentElectric Cars Coming

  15. The FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Health Impacts Program- The Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions (CLOSE) Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Poster presentation at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007). 13-16 August, 2007, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (OFCVT).

  16. Performance Characteristics of Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Diesel in a 50-State Emissions Compliant Passenger Car

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Comparisons between CTL, GTL, no. 2, and European diesel include fuel economy, regulated and unregulated emissions in a 50 State compliant passenger car with DOC, NOx adsorber and particulate trap

  17. DOE FreedomCAR and vehicle technologies program advanced power electronic and electrical machines annual review report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olszewski, Mitch

    2006-10-11

    This report is a summary of the Review Panel at the FY06 DOE FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) Annual Review of Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Machine (APEEM) research activities held on August 15-17, 2006.

  18. Probing the Vibrational Relaxation of N2 and O2 by Use of CARS Spectroscopy to Model NTE-Turbulence 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean, Jacob

    2009-06-09

    NTE-preparation. The detection technique used in the experiment was coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) and variations of this laser-based technique were optimized to maximize accuracy and signal-to-noise in the vibrational relaxation...

  19. Emerging quasi-0D states at vanishing total entropy of the 1D hard sphere system: a coarse-grained similarity to the car parking problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiroshi Frusawa

    2014-04-24

    A coarse-grained system of one-dimensional (1D) hard spheres (HSs) is created using the Delaunay tessellation, which enables one to define the quasi-0D state. It is found from comparing the quasi-0D and 1D free energy densities that a frozen state due to the emergence of quasi-0D HSs is thermodynamically more favorable than fluidity with a large-scale heterogeneity above crossover volume fraction of $\\phi_c=e/(1+e)=0.731\\cdots$, at which the total entropy of the 1D state vanishes. The Delaunay-based lattice mapping further provides a similarity between the dense HS system above $\\phi_c$ and the jamming limit in the car parking problem.

  20. Large scale simulations of the jet-IGM interaction Martin G. H. Krause

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krause, Martin

    in that phase. Here, I present new, bipolar, simulations of very light jets in 2.5D and 3D, reaching (Carvalho and O'Dea, 2002a; Car- valho and O'Dea, 2002b; Saxton et al., 2002; Krause, 2003; Zanni et al ambient gas mass distribution and E(t) is the energy injection law. Here, I show 3D and 2.5D large scale

  1. Nitrogen and hydrogen CARS temperature measurements in a hydrogen/air flame using a near-adiabatic flat-flame burner

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hancock, R.D.; Bertagnolli, K.E.; Lucht, R.P.

    1997-05-01

    Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) spectroscopy of diatomic nitrogen and hydrogen was used to measure flame temperatures in hydrogen/air flames produced using a nonpremixed, near-adiabatic, flat-flame Hencken burner. The CARS temperature measurements are compared with adiabatic flame temperatures calculated by the NASA-Lewis equilibrium code for equivalence ratios from 0.5--2.5. The nitrogen CARS temperatures are in excellent agreement with the equilibrium code calculations. Comparison of nitrogen CARS data and the equilibrium code calculations confirms that for sufficiently high flow rates the Hencken burner produces nearly adiabatic flames. Hydrogen CARS temperature measurements are compared to both nitrogen CARS temperature measurements and equilibrium code predictions in order to evaluate and improve the accuracy of hydrogen CARS as a temperature diagnostic tool. Hydrogen CARS temperatures for fuel-rich flames are on average 70 K ({approximately}3%) above the equilibrium code predictions and nitrogen CARS temperatures. The difference between temperatures measured using hydrogen and nitrogen CARS is probably due primarily to uncertainties in hydrogen linewidths and line-broadening mechanisms at these conditions.

  2. Analysis of High-Resolution Infrared and CARS Spectra of ³?S¹?O?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masiello, Tony; Barber, Jeffrey B.; Chrysostom, Engelene; Nibler, Joseph W.; Maki, Arthur; Weber, Alfons; Blake, Thomas A.; Sams, Robert L.

    2004-01-01

    Three fundamental modes and several hot bands of 34S18O3 have been investigated using both infrared spectroscopy and coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy (CARS). Coriolis coupling effects are particularly noticeable in 34S18O3 due to the close proximity of the v2 and v4 fundamental vibrations, whose wavenumber values are 477.508 64(5) and 502.055 65(4) cm-1. The uncertainties in the last digits are shown in parentheses and are two standard deviations. Hot band transitions from v2, v4 levels give access to infrared inactive v2, v4 combination/overtone levels which interact strongly with levels of the Raman-active v1 symmetric stretching mode due to indirect Coriolis couplings, l-resonances, and Fermi resonances. The result is a complex v1 CARS Q- branch spectrum that is the most perturbed of the four SO3 isotopomers we have studied. The relative importance of these interaction terms on the v1 CARS spectrum is examined in some detail and accurate rovibrational constants are determined for all of the mixed states, leading to deperturbed values of 1004.662(24), 0.000 350 3(9), and 0.000 706 6(12) cm-1 for v1, ?1B, and ?1C, respectively. The B e value is found to be 0.310 817(12) cm-1, which gives an equilibrium bond length re of 141.7339(3) pm, in excellent agreement with values of 141.7340(1) and 141.7347(7) pm reported earlier for 32S16O3 and 34S16O3.

  3. ULEV potential of a DI/TCI diesel passenger car engine operated on dimethyl ether

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapus, P.E.; Cartellieri, W.P.

    1995-12-31

    This paper describes a feasibility test program on a 2 liter, 4 cylinder DI/TCI passenger car engine operated on the new alternative fuel Dimethyl Ether (DME) with the aim of demonstrating its potential of meeting ULEV (ultra low emission vehicle) emissions (0.2 g/mi NOx in the FTP 75 test cycle) when installed in a full size passenger car. Special attention is drawn to the fuel injection equipment (FIE) as well as combustion system requirements towards the reduction of NOx and combustion noise while keeping energetic fuel consumption at the level of he baseline DI/TCI diesel engine. FIE and combustion system parameters were optimized on the steady state dynamometer by variation of a number of parameters, such as rate of injection, number of nozzle holes, compression ratio, piston bowl shape and exhaust gas recirculation. The paper presents engine test results achieved with DME under various operating conditions and compares these results to those achieved with the diesel version of the same engine.The FTP 75 cycle results were projected from steady state engine maps using a vehicle simulation program taking into account vehicle data and road resistance data of a given vehicle.The cycle results are also compared to actual chassis dynamometer results achieved with the diesel version of the same engine installed in the same vehicle.the passenger car DI/TCI engine adapted for and operated on DME shows very promising results with respect to meeting ULEV NOx emissions without any soot emissions and without the need for a DENOX catalyst. DME fuel consumption on energy basis can be kept very close to the DI diesel value. An oxidation catalyst will be necessary to meet the stringent CO and HC ULEV emission limits.

  4. by car

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    From "South" to Purdue Union Club Hotel: Take I65-North, exit to St. Rd. 26-west;; drive a few miles on Rd. 26, across the Wabash river, go up the hill to Purdue ...

  5. Cable Car 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    , mooring dynamics and platform motion. In particular, the numerical tool developed in this study is based on the single turbine analysis tool FAST, which was developed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). For linear or nonlinear hydrodynamics...

  6. An Efficient and Accurate Car-Parrinello-like Approach to Born-Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas D. Kühne; Matthias Krack; Fawzi R. Mohamed; Michele Parrinello

    2006-12-20

    We present a new method which combines Car-Parrinello and Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics in order to accelerate density functional theory based ab-initio simulations. Depending on the system a gain in efficiency of one to two orders of magnitude has been observed, which allows ab-initio molecular dynamics of much larger time and length scales than previously thought feasible. It will be demonstrated that the dynamics is correctly reproduced and that high accuracy can be maintained throughout for systems ranging from insulators to semiconductors and even to metals in condensed phases. This development considerably extends the scope of ab-initio simulations.

  7. Potential benefits of solar reflective car shells: cooler cabins, fuel savings and emission reductions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levinson, Ronnen; Pan, Heng; Ban-Weiss, George; Rosado, Pablo; Paolini, Riccardo; Akbari, Hashem

    2011-05-11

    Abstract: Vehicle thermal loads and air conditioning ancillary loads are strongly influenced by the absorption of solar energy. The adoption of solar reflective coatings for opaque surfaces of the vehicle shell can decrease the ?soak? temperature of the air in the cabin of a vehicle parked in the sun, potentially reducing the vehicle?s ancillary load and improving its fuel economy by permitting the use of a smaller air conditioner. An experimental comparison of otherwise identical black and silver compact sedans indicated that increasing the solar reflectance (?) of the car?s shell by about 0.5 lowered the soak temperature of breath-level air by about 5?6?C. Thermal analysis predicts that the air conditioning capacity required to cool the cabin air in the silver car to 25?C within 30min is 13percent less than that required in the black car. Assuming that potential reductions in AC capacity and engine ancillary load scale linearly with increase in shell solar reflectance, ADVISOR simulations of the SC03 driving cycle indicate that substituting a typical cool-colored shell (?=0.35) for a black shell (?=0.05) would reduce fuel consumption by 0.12L per 100km (1.1percent), increasing fuel economy by 0.10kmL?1 [0.24mpg] (1.1percent). It would also decrease carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 2.7gkm?1 (1.1percent), nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions by 5.4mgkm?1 (0.44percent), carbon monoxide (CO) emissions by 17mgkm?1 (0.43percent), and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions by 4.1mgkm?1 (0.37percent). Selecting a typical white or silver shell (?=0.60) instead of a black shell would lower fuel consumption by 0.21L per 100km (1.9percent), raising fuel economy by 0.19kmL?1 [0.44mpg] (2.0percent). It would also decrease CO2 emissions by 4.9gkm?1 (1.9percent), NOx emissions by 9.9mgkm?1 (0.80percent), CO emissions by 31mgkm?1 (0.79percent), and HC emissions by 7.4mgkm?1 (0.67percent). Our simulations may underestimate emission reductions because emissions in standardized driving cycles are typically lower than those in real-world driving.

  8. DOE FreedomCAR Annual Review Report for FY06.doc

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power,5Energyof|Department09FreedomCAR and Vehicle

  9. Promoting Clean Cars: Case Study of Stockholm and Sweden | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly SmartDB-2,Information Promoting Clean Cars: Case Study of

  10. Middle School Electric Car Competition | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLosThe 26thIWalter H.4 » Inside Ice Under2Science (SC)Electric Car

  11. EcoCAR 2: Meet the Teams Part II | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansas Nuclear Profile 2010Mesoscopy andSavingYear 1 Winners Announced!EcoCAR

  12. Fact #852 December 22, 2014 Turbocharged Engines Account for 64.7% of all Four-Cylinder Gasoline Car Engines in 2014- Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #852 December 22, 2014 Turbocharged Engines Account for 64.7% of all Four-Cylinder Gasoline Car Engines in 2014

  13. Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon- Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #848: November 24, 2014 Nearly Three-Fourths of New Cars have Fuel Economy above 25 Miles per Gallon

  14. High-resolution line-shape spectroscopy during a laser pulse based on Dual-Broad-Band-CARS interferometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vereschagin, Konstantin A; Vereschagin, Alexey K; Smirnov, Valery V; Stelmakh, O M; Fabelinskii, V I; Clauss, W; Klimenko, D N; Oschwald, M E-mail: Al_Vereshchagin@mail.r E-mail: stelmakh@kapella.gpi.r

    2006-07-31

    A high-resolution spectroscopic method is developed for recording Raman spectra of molecular transitions in transient objects during a laser pulse with a resolution of {approx}0.1 cm{sup -1}. The method is based on CARS spectroscopy using a Fabry-Perot interferometer for spectral analysis of the CARS signal and detecting a circular interferometric pattern on a two-dimensional multichannel photodetector. It is shown that the use of the Dual-Broad-Band-CARS configuration to obtain the CARS process provides the efficient averaging of the spectral-amplitude noise of the CARS signal generated by a laser pulse and, in combination with the angular integration of the two-dimensional interference pattern, considerably improves the quality of interferograms. The method was tested upon diagnostics of the transient oxygen-hydrogen flame where information on the shapes of spectral lines of the Q-branch of hydrogen molecules required for measuring temperature was simultaneously obtained and used. (special issue devoted to the 90th anniversary of a.m. prokhorov)

  15. Observations of the pulsation of the Cepheid l Car with the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Davis; A. P. Jacob; J. G. Robertson; M. J. Ireland; J. R. North; W. J. Tango; P. G. Tuthill

    2008-12-28

    Observations of the southern Cepheid l Car to yield the mean angular diameter and angular pulsation amplitude have been made with the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer (SUSI) at a wavelength of 696 nm. The resulting mean limb-darkened angular diameter is 2.990+-0.017 mas (i.e. +-0.6 per cent) with a maximum-to-minimum amplitude of 0.560+-0.018 mas corresponding to 18.7+-0.6 per cent in the mean stellar diameter. Careful attention has been paid to uncertainties, including those in measurements, in the adopted calibrator angular diameters, in the projected values of visibility squared at zero baseline, and to systematic effects. No evidence was found for a circumstellar envelope at 696 nm. The interferometric results have been combined with radial displacements of the stellar atmosphere derived from selected radial velocity data taken from the literature to determine the distance and mean diameter of l Car. The distance is determined to be 525+-26 pc and the mean radius 169+-8R{solar). Comparison with published values for the distance and mean radius show excellent agreement, particularly when a common scaling factor from observed radial velocity to pulsation velocity of the stellar atmosphere (the p-factor) is used.

  16. Nucleic acid sequences encoding D1 and D1/D2 domains of human coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR)

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Freimuth, Paul I.

    2010-04-06

    The invention provides recombinant human CAR (coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor) polypeptides which bind adenovirus. Specifically, polypeptides corresponding to adenovirus binding domain D1 and the entire extracellular domain of human CAR protein comprising D1 and D2 are provided. In another aspect, the invention provides nucleic acid sequences encoding these domains and expression vectors for producing the domains and bacterial cells containing such vectors. The invention also includes an isolated fusion protein comprised of the D1 polypeptide fused to a polypeptide which facilitates folding of D1 when expressed in bacteria. The functional D1 domain finds application in a therapeutic method for treating a patient infected with a CAR D1-binding virus, and also in a method for identifying an antiviral compound which interferes with viral attachment. The invention also provides a method for specifically targeting a cell for infection by a virus which binds to D1.

  17. Large displacement spherical joint

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bieg, Lothar F. (Albuquerque, NM); Benavides, Gilbert L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2002-01-01

    A new class of spherical joints has a very large accessible full cone angle, a property which is beneficial for a wide range of applications. Despite the large cone angles, these joints move freely without singularities.

  18. DOE FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program Advanced Power Electronics and Electrical Machines Annual Review Report

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power,5Energyof|Department09FreedomCAR and VehicleFreedomCAR

  19. For what number of cars must self organization occur in the Biham-Middleton-Levine traffic model from any possible starting configuration?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tim D. Austin; Itai Benjamini

    2006-08-22

    For any initial configuration of fewer than N/2 cars the BML model will self organize to attain speed one. On the other hand, there is a configuration of size m in which no car can move if and only if m is at least 2N.

  20. 12/14/14, 1:25 PMDriverless Cars: State Legislators To Make Recommendations | Georgia Public Broadcasting Page 1 of 3http://www.gpb.org/news/2014/11/19/driverless-cars-state-legislators-make-recommendations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -- Whether your car has cruise control, lane departure warnings or park assist, the vehicle you rely." Kelley and four other members of the House of Representatives have been meeting with industry leaders. But industry leaders, including representatives from General Motors and Google, warn that state regulations

  1. Use of a new microporous insulation in a sub car at Acme Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harvey, H.; Gamble, F.C.; MacKenzie, I.B.

    1996-12-31

    Acme Steel Co. is a small integrated steel company headquartered in Riverdale IL., with its blast furnace and coke plant operations located in the city of Chicago. Rail transportation between the two plants is by Conrail with two crews assigned exclusively to Acme. The torpedo cars used for this service are specially reinforced, with 36 in. wheels and additional braking capability for safety on public rail tracks. Over a seven month period, microporous insulating panels 0.28 in. thick in No. 49 sub ladle saved an average 24 degrees in the iron on arrival at the BOF compared to the average for the rest of the fleet. The microporous insulation replaced 0.25 in. of compressed fiber panel.

  2. OY Car During Normal Outburst: Balmer Emission From The Red Star And The Gas Stream

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. T. Harlaftis; T. R. Marsh

    1995-03-07

    We present observations of OY Car, obtained with the Anglo-Australian Telescope, during a normal outburst in August 1991. Two sinusoidal components are resolved in the H$\\beta$ trailed spectra and we determine the location of the narrow component to be on the secondary star with a maximum contributed flux of ~2.5 per cent to the total flux. Imaging of the line distribution reveals that the other emission component is associated with the gas stream. This follows a velocity close to the ballistic one from the red star to a distance of ~0.5 R$_{L_{1}}$ from the white dwarf. This emission penetrates the accretion disc (from 0.5--0.1 R$_{L_{1}}$), with a velocity now closer (but lower) to the keplerian velocities along the path of the gas stream. We finally discuss the implications of having observed simultaneously line emission from the gas stream and the red star during outburst.

  3. OY Car in Outburst: Balmer emission from the red star and the gas stream

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. T. Harlaftis; T. R. Marsh

    1995-10-04

    We present observations of OY Car, obtained with the Anglo-Australian telescope, during a normal outburst in 1991. Two sinusoidal components are resolved in the Hbeta trailed spectra and we determine the location of the narrow component to be on the secondary star with a maximum contributed flux of ~2.5 per cent to the total flux. Imaging of the line distribution reveals that the other emission component is associated with the gas stream. This follows a velocity close to the ballistic one from the red star to a distance of ~0.5 R_L1 from the white dwarf. Then. its kinematics changes from 0.5-0.2 R_L1 (accretion disc) following velocities now closer to (but lower than) the keplerian velocities along the path of the gas stream. We finally dicsuss the implications of having observed simultaneously line emission from the gas stream and the red star during outburst.

  4. The 1998 NGV lineup: Cars and trucks and vans, oh my!

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-09-01

    As the 1998 model cars roll off the assembly line, environmentalists and the natural gas industry can take pride in the fact that more new natural gas vehicles (NGVs) have joined the lineup. And more will join the fleet by the beginning of the 1999 model year. Two new 1998 NGVs are bi-fuel versions of Ford Motor Co.`s F-Series pickup truck and Econoline van. With two separate fuel systems, the vehicles can be switched between unleaded gasoline and natural gas while in motion. In addition, Mack Trucks Inc. introduced two refuse truck models in late May. American Gas looks at the lineup for this fall and sees a greater variety of vehicles than ever before, with still more promised before the 1999 season begins.

  5. Suppression of chaotic vibrations in a nonlinear half-car model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tusset, Ângelo Marcelo E-mail: piccirillo@utfpr.edu.br E-mail: wagner-barth@hotmail.com; Piccirillo, Vinícius E-mail: piccirillo@utfpr.edu.br E-mail: wagner-barth@hotmail.com; Janzen, Frederic Conrad E-mail: piccirillo@utfpr.edu.br E-mail: wagner-barth@hotmail.com; Lenz, Wagner Barth E-mail: piccirillo@utfpr.edu.br E-mail: wagner-barth@hotmail.com; Balthazar, José Manoel; Fonseca Brasil, Reyolando M. L. R. da

    2014-12-10

    The present work investigates the nonlinear response of a half-car model. The disturbances of the road are assumed to be sinusoidal. After constructing the bifurcation diagram, we using the 0-1 test for identify the chaotic motion. The principal objective of this study is to eliminate the chaotic behaviour of the chassis and reduce its vibration, and for this reason a control system for semi-active vehicle suspension with magnetorheological damper is proposed. The control mechanism is designed based on SDRE technique, where the control parameter is the voltage applied to the coil of the damper. Numerical results show that the proposed control method is effective in significantly reducing of the chassis vibration, increasing therefore, passenger comfort.

  6. Universal flow-density relation of single-file bicycle, pedestrian and car motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jun; Holl, Stefan; Boltes, Maik; Andresen, Erik; Schadschneider, Andreas; Seyfried, Armin

    2013-01-01

    The relation between flow and density, also known as the fundamental diagram, is an essential quantitative characteristic to describe the efficiency of traffic systems. We have performed experiments with single-file motion of bicycles and compare the results with previous studies for car and pedestrian motion in similar setups. In the space-time diagrams we observe three different states of motion (free flow state, jammed state and stop-and-go waves) in all these systems. Despite of their obvious differences they are described by a universal fundamental diagram after proper rescaling of space and time which takes into account the size and free velocity of the three kinds of agents. This indicates that the similarities between the systems go deeper than expected.

  7. Power Electronics Design of a Solar Powered In-car Wireless Tag for Asset Tracking and Parking Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and testing of a power conditioning circuit for a solar powered in-car wireless tag for asset tracking by using the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) technique. A solar cell charges the battery through a 1 To whom any correspondence should be addressed. #12;battery charger that can prevent the battery from

  8. CyCAR'2013: First International Academic Workshop on Security, Privacy and Dependability for CyberVehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    knowledge by the ACM CCS community to the car industry while taking into account typical automotive, environments, and networks poses various design challenges for the automotive/transportation industry control units in novel automotive control applications. Recent work has demonstrated vulnerability

  9. CityCarControl : an electric vehicle drive-by-wire solution for distributed steering, braking and throttle control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Thomas B., M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we propose CityCarControl, a system to manage the steering, braking, and throttle of a new class of intra-city electric vehicles. These vehicles have a focus on extreme light-weight and a small parking ...

  10. Diesel Futures Forget the black soot and smoke. Modern diesel-powered cars are quiet, clean and fast.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diesel Futures Forget the black soot and smoke. Modern diesel-powered cars are quiet, clean at their tachometers to be sure that they were running. You would not expect that of a diesel, however. Yet these are diesel engines. The world has been looking to gas/electric hybrids and fuel cells for future fuel

  11. The Ecological Society of America wwwwww..ffrroonnttiieerrssiinneeccoollooggyy..oorrgg Emissions of the principal greenhouse gas (GHG), car-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battles, John

    ..ffrroonnttiieerrssiinneeccoollooggyy..oorrgg Emissions of the principal greenhouse gas (GHG), car- bon dioxide (CO2), are driven primarily by the burn accumulation in forests and CO2 emissions from tropical deforestation (Canadell and Raupach 2008). Particular fixation by plant photosynthesis) and heterotrophic res- piration (CO2 emission by non-photosynthetic organ

  12. ANNATJSOtr'BrOr\\rEDrCAr'ENGTNEERTNG6, 126-137 (1978) Modelingond Momentsof MultibreothLungWoshout

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saniie, Jafar

    1978-01-01

    ANNATJSOtr'BrOr\\rEDrCAr'ENGTNEERTNG6, 126-137 (1978) Modelingond Momentsof MultibreothLung in the dynamics of multibreath lung washout. Quantitative evaluation of the washout curve ean be obtained from of abnormal lung function is ventilation in- homogeneity. The degree of this inhomogeneity can be evaluated

  13. Randomized Motion Planning for Car-like Robots with C-PRM Guang Song Nancy M. Amato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltes, Jacky

    on a Customiz- able PRM (C-PRM). A major advantage of our approach is that it enables the same roadmap time. Our C-PRM-based approach first builds a so-called control roadmap which does not incorporate any nonholonomic constraints. The control roadmap is used to efficiently generate `good' configurations of the car

  14. Running Large Scale Jobs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    try on their large scale applications on Hopper for better performance. Try different compilers and compiler options The available compilers on Hopper are PGI, Cray, Intel, GNU,...

  15. Cal Grant B Access award recipients: You may use this form to request that we NOT apply this award to your CARS balance or to CANCEL a previous request.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    to your CARS balance or to CANCEL a previous request# (____)________________________ __________________________________________________ Phone # E-mail address CHANGE AUTOMATIC PAYMENT TO CARS ACCOUNT TO DIRECT PAYMENT TO RECIPIENT r) in my CARS account and that the entire amount be paid directly to me. · I understand that I am

  16. Please cite this article in press as: Graff Zivin, J.S., et al., Spatial and temporal heterogeneity of marginal emissions: Implications for electric cars and other electricity-shifting policies. J. Econ. Behav. Organ. (2014),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kotchen, Matthew J.

    2014-01-01

    of marginal emissions: Implications for electric cars and other electricity-shifting policies. J. Econ. Behav.elsevier.com/locate/jebo Spatial and temporal heterogeneity of marginal emissions: Implications for electric cars and other emissions per mile than the average car currently on the road. Underlying many of our results

  17. Large-scale Nanostructure Simulations from X-ray Scattering Data On Graphics Processor Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarje, Abhinav

    2012-01-01

    photovoltaic, energy storage, battery, fuel, and car- bonphotovoltaic, energy storage, battery, fuel, and carbon

  18. Large Customers (DR Sellers)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kiliccot, Sila

    2011-10-25

    State of the large customers for demand response integration of solar and wind into electric grid; openADR; CAISO; DR as a pseudo generation; commercial and industrial DR strategies; California regulations

  19. Pattern Alteration: Large Abdomen 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-08-04

    A large abdomen causes the hemline on a skirt to hike in front and pulls the side seam forward. This publication gives instructions on altering patterns for a basic skirt and pants....

  20. Observation of excited state charge transfer with fs/ps-CARS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blom, Alex Jason

    2009-08-01

    Excited state charge transfer processes are studied using the fs/ps-CARS probe technique. This probe allows for multiplexed detection of Raman active vibrational modes. Systems studied include Michler's Ketone, Coumarin 120, 4-dimethylamino-4{prime}-nitrostilbene, and several others. The vibrational spectrum of the para di-substituted benzophenone Michler's Ketone in the first excited singlet state is studied for the first time. It is found that there are several vibrational modes indicative of structural changes of the excited molecule. A combined experimental and theoretical approach is used to study the simplest 7-amino-4-methylcoumarin, Coumarin 120. Vibrations observed in FTIR and spontaneous Raman spectra are assigned using density functional calculations and a continuum solvation model is used to predict how observed modes are affected upon inclusion of a solvent. The low frequency modes of the excited state charge transfer species 4-dimethylamino-4{prime}-nitrostilbene are studied in acetonitrile. Results are compared to previous work on this molecule in the fingerprint region. Finally, several partially completed projects and their implications are discussed. These include the two photon absorption of Coumarin 120, nanoconfinement in cyclodextrin cavities and sensitization of titania nanoparticles.

  1. Time-resolved ultraviolet spectroscopy of the compact interacting binary QU Car

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartley, L E; Long, K S

    2002-01-01

    We present HST/STIS (1160--1700A) echelle spectra of the cataclysmic variable (CV) star, QU Car, observed in time-tag mode at three epochs. In catalogues this binary is classified as a nova-like variable. We find evidence of a high-state non-magnetic CV at low inclination, with unusually high ionisation. We observed narrow absorption lines (few hundred km/s wide) in N V1240, O V1371 and Si IV1398, as well as broader (HWZI ~1000km/s) emission in C III1176, C IV1549 and He II1640, all with a superposed absorption component. High ionisation is indicated by the unusually string He II emission and the relative strength of the O V absorption line. The dereddened UV SED of, on average, -2.3 suggests that disc accretion dominates the spectral energy distribution. In two observations velocity shifting is noted in the absorption lines on a timescale long enough not to repeat within the ~2600-sec exposures. The absorption superposed on the C IV emission line moves coherently with the N V and Si IV absorption, suggesting...

  2. Branching laws for polynomial endomorphisms in CAR algebra for fermions, uniformly hyperfinite algebras and Cuntz algebras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitsuo Abe; Katsunori Kawamura

    2006-06-20

    Previously, we have shown that the CAR algebra for fermions is embedded in the Cuntz algebra ${\\cal O}_{2}$ in such a way that the generators are expressed in terms of polynomials in the canonical generators of the latter, and it coincides with the U(1)-fixed point subalgebra ${\\cal A}\\equiv {\\cal O}_{2}^{U(1)}$ of ${\\cal O}_{2}$ for the canonical gauge action. Based on this embedding formula, some properties of ${\\cal A}$ are studied in detail by restricting those of ${\\cal O}_{2}$. Various endomorphisms of ${\\cal O}_{2}$, which are defined by polynomials in the canonical generators, are explicitly constructed, and transcribed into those of ${\\cal A}$. Especially, we investigate branching laws for a certain family of such endomorphisms with respect to four important representations, i.e., the Fock representation, the infinite wedge representation and their duals. These endomorphisms are completely classified by their branching laws. As an application, we show that the reinterpretation of the Fock vacuum as the Dirac vacuum is described in representation theory through a mixture of fermions.

  3. OBSERVATIONS OF MOLECULAR OUTFLOW IN CAR 291.6-01.9

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saul, M.; Saul, L. E-mail: luke.saul@space.unibe.ch

    2012-01-20

    We report the first observations of a dense molecular gas nebula and bipolar outflow in Car 291.6-01.9, showing characteristics of an embedded young stellar object (YSO). Using the Mopra radio telescope near Coonabarabaran, Australia, we image the kinematic structure of several emission features to examine physical properties within a molecular clump of mass {approx}3.2 {+-} 0.6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 3} M{sub Sun} in which a stellar cluster may be forming. Motivated by acquiring a more thorough understanding of star formation we ask what may have initiated collapse in the clump; observed outflow alignment is suggestive of {approx}1.0 pc distant massive star HD 308280 radiative-driven compression as a formation trigger for the dense core. An outflow derived age of <10{sup 6} years, together with significant C{sup 18}O and SO core depletion, support the case for the core as the host of an extremely YSO cluster.

  4. Fall Protection Procedures for Sealing Bulk Waste Shipments by Rail Cars at Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) Sites - 13509

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyle, J.D.; Fort, E. Joseph; Lorenz, William; Mills, Andy

    2013-07-01

    Rail-cars loaded with radioactive materials must be closed and fastened to comply with United States Department of Transportation (DOT) requirements before they shipped. Securing waste shipments in a manner that meets these regulations typically results in the use of a sealable rail-car liner. Workers accessing the tops of the 2.74 m high rail-cars to seal and inspect liners for compliance prior to shipment may be exposed to a fall hazard. Relatively recent revisions to the Fall Protection requirements in the Safety and Health Requirements Manual (EM385-1-1, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers) have necessitated modifications to the fall protection systems previously employed for rail-car loading at Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) sites. In response these projects have developed site-specific procedures to protect workers and maintain compliance with the improved fall protection regulations. (authors)

  5. Cover image: Stock car racing, backlit shot of man and two boys leaning on railing, watching field from the colonnades, 1947. Photograph by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Jill M.

    FALL 2009 Chicago #12;Fall 2009 Contents Cover image: Stock car racing, backlit shot of man and two attempts to rec- oncile creativity and commerce--and that piracy has been an engine of social

  6. Fact #708: January 2, 2012 Amenities, Safety and Emissions Equipment Make Up an Increasing Share of the Cost of a Car

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    While the overall price of a new car has not increased greatly from 1967 to 2010 when adjusted for inflation, the costs associated with added amenities like navigation, telematics, power seats and...

  7. Vibro-acoustical comfort in cars at idle : human perception of simulated sounds and vibrations from three and four cylinder diesel engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    three and four cylinder diesel engines Etienne Parizet, Maël Amari Laboratoire Vibrations Acoustique This paper deals with comfort in diesel cars running at idle. A bench was used to reproduce the vertical

  8. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership RD&D Roadmap Version 2008 7/22/08 C&S RD&D Roadmap 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership RD&D Roadmap Version 2008 7/22/08 C&S RD&D Roadmap ­ 2008 TABLE 2.1 Roadmap Organization 2.2 Timeline and Milestones 2.3 Focus Areas 2.3.1 Hydrogen Behavior 2 1 #12;FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership RD&D Roadmap Version 2008 7/22/08 C) Codes and Standards

  9. Time-resolved ultraviolet spectroscopy of the compact interacting binary QU Car

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. E. Hartley; J. E. Drew; K. S. Long

    2002-07-01

    We present HST/STIS (1160--1700A) echelle spectra of the cataclysmic variable (CV) star, QU Car, observed in time-tag mode at three epochs. In catalogues this binary is classified as a nova-like variable. We find evidence of a high-state non-magnetic CV at low inclination, with unusually high ionisation. We observed narrow absorption lines (few hundred km/s wide) in N V1240, O V1371 and Si IV1398, as well as broader (HWZI ~1000km/s) emission in C III1176, C IV1549 and He II1640, all with a superposed absorption component. High ionisation is indicated by the unusually string He II emission and the relative strength of the O V absorption line. The dereddened UV SED of, on average, -2.3 suggests that disc accretion dominates the spectral energy distribution. In two observations velocity shifting is noted in the absorption lines on a timescale long enough not to repeat within the ~2600-sec exposures. The absorption superposed on the C IV emission line moves coherently with the N V and Si IV absorption, suggesting the same origin for all absorption lines -- most likely to be in the accretion disc atmosphere. Weak blueshifted absorption in NV and C\\IV provides evidence of an outflow component and we estimate a maximum outflow velocity of ~2000km/s. This may be linked to a wind launched from further out in the disc than is typically seen in those high-state non-magnetic CV whose wind speeds are observed to reach to >4000km/s. Unusually, three ionisation stages of carbon -- C II, C III and C IV -- are present in emission, with line width increasing with higher ionisation. The presence of C II in emission and the positive line-width/ionisation correlation is most easily reconciled with an origin in a disc chromosphere, beyond the influence of the EUV-emitting inner disc.

  10. Sacred Cars? Cost-Effective Regulation of Stationary and Non-stationary Pollution Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowlie, Meredith

    ) or industry regulation (Olley and Pakes, 1996), failure to equate marginal costs across producers has resulted, the large-scale shift away from the more traditional, more prescrip- tive "command-and-control" approaches-based approaches (such as cap-and-trade programs) has largely been justified on these grounds. A similar transition

  11. Composting Large Animal Carcasses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auvermann, Brent W.; Mukhtar, Saqib; Heflin, Kevin

    2006-10-31

    and Kevin Heflin* Livestock producers and large-animal veterinar- ians face a growing problem in rural Texas?what to do with dead animals. Rendering services are getting more expensive and harder to come by, and just leav- ing carcasses to predators... set up a polyethylene tank to hold water and rig it with a float valve so that it stays ?topped off? and ready. If one of your stock tanks stays wet year-round, you can simply lay a suction line with a foot valve into the middle of the pond...

  12. Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Wednesday, 31 August 2011 00:00 From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile...

  13. Mitsubishi iMiEV: An Electric Mini-Car in NREL's Advanced Technology Vehicle Fleet (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-10-01

    This fact sheet highlights the Mitsubishi iMiEV, an electric mini-car in the advanced technology vehicle fleet at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). In support of the U.S. Department of Energy's fast-charging research efforts, NREL engineers are conducting charge and discharge performance testing on the vehicle. NREL's advanced technology vehicle fleet features promising technologies to increase efficiency and reduce emissions without sacrificing safety or comfort. The fleet serves as a technology showcase, helping visitors learn about innovative vehicles that are available today or are in development. Vehicles in the fleet are representative of current, advanced, prototype, and emerging technologies.

  14. "It's Like Giving Us a Car, Only Without the Wheels": Performance of Latina Students at an Early College High School 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Locke, Leslie Ann

    2012-02-14

    School. (December 2011) Leslie Ann Locke, B.S.; M.L.S, University of Minnesota?Twin Cities Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Kathryn McKenzie This dissertation presents the results from an empirical study of the perspectives of Latina students who... ?IT?S LIKE GIVING US A CAR, ONLY WITHOUT THE WHEELS?: PERFORMANCE OF LATINA STUDENTS AT AN EARLY COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL A Dissertation by LESLIE ANN LOCKE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University...

  15. Tomorrow's manufacturing facilities : the design of a car assembly plant for the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medioni, Bertrand

    1987-01-01

    Spatial reorganization of production conditions (resulting from technical progress in the field of fabrication), on both, a large and a small scale, implies that an important effort from industrial companies has been made ...

  16. X-ray emission from the double-binary OB-star system QZ Car (HD 93206)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parkin, E R; Townsley, L K; Pittard, J M; Moffat, A F J; Naze, Y; Rauw, G; Oskinova, L M

    2011-01-01

    X-ray observations of the double-binary OB-star system QZ Car (HD 93206) obtained with the Chandra X-ray Observatory over a period of roughly 2 years are presented. The orbit of systems A (O9.7 I+b2 v, PA = 21 d) and B (O8 III+o9 v, PB = 6 d) are reasonably well sampled by the observations, allowing the origin of the X-ray emission to be examined in detail. The X-ray spectra can be well fitted by an attenuated three temperature thermal plasma model, characterised by cool, moderate, and hot plasma components at kT ~ 0.2, 0.7, and 2 keV, respectively, and a circumstellar absorption of ~ 0.2 x 10^22 cm-2. Although the hot plasma component could be indicating the presence of wind-wind collision shocks in the system, the model fluxes calculated from spectral fits, with an average value of ~ 7 x 10^-13 erg s-1 cm-2, do not show a clear correlation with the orbits of the two constituent binaries. A semi-analytical model of QZ Car reveals that a stable momentum balance may not be established in either system A or B. ...

  17. Large scale tracking algorithms.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hansen, Ross L.; Love, Joshua Alan; Melgaard, David Kennett; Karelitz, David B.; Pitts, Todd Alan; Zollweg, Joshua David; Anderson, Dylan Z.; Nandy, Prabal; Whitlow, Gary L.; Bender, Daniel A.; Byrne, Raymond Harry

    2015-01-01

    Low signal-to-noise data processing algorithms for improved detection, tracking, discrimination and situational threat assessment are a key research challenge. As sensor technologies progress, the number of pixels will increase signi cantly. This will result in increased resolution, which could improve object discrimination, but unfortunately, will also result in a significant increase in the number of potential targets to track. Many tracking techniques, like multi-hypothesis trackers, suffer from a combinatorial explosion as the number of potential targets increase. As the resolution increases, the phenomenology applied towards detection algorithms also changes. For low resolution sensors, "blob" tracking is the norm. For higher resolution data, additional information may be employed in the detection and classfication steps. The most challenging scenarios are those where the targets cannot be fully resolved, yet must be tracked and distinguished for neighboring closely spaced objects. Tracking vehicles in an urban environment is an example of such a challenging scenario. This report evaluates several potential tracking algorithms for large-scale tracking in an urban environment.

  18. Large forging manufacturing process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thamboo, Samuel V. (Latham, NY); Yang, Ling (Niskayuna, NY)

    2002-01-01

    A process for forging large components of Alloy 718 material so that the components do not exhibit abnormal grain growth includes the steps of: a) providing a billet with an average grain size between ASTM 0 and ASTM 3; b) heating the billet to a temperature of between 1750.degree. F. and 1800.degree. F.; c) upsetting the billet to obtain a component part with a minimum strain of 0.125 in at least selected areas of the part; d) reheating the component part to a temperature between 1750.degree. F. and 1800.degree. F.; e) upsetting the component part to a final configuration such that said selected areas receive no strains between 0.01 and 0.125; f) solution treating the component part at a temperature of between 1725.degree. F. and 1750.degree. F.; and g) aging the component part over predetermined times at different temperatures. A modified process achieves abnormal grain growth in selected areas of a component where desirable.

  19. Randomized min-max optimization: the exact risk of multiple cost levels Algo Car`e, Simone Garatti, Marco C. Campi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garatti, Simone

    . Our goal is to evaluate the risks associated to the various costs, where the risk associated to a cost. This evaluation characterizes completely the risks associated to the costs, and represents a full-fledged resultRandomized min-max optimization: the exact risk of multiple cost levels Algo Car`e, Simone Garatti

  20. NOx, SOx and CO2 Emissions Reduction from Continuous Commissioning® (CC®) Measures at the Rent-A-Car Facility in the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.

    2006-10-27

    The Energy Systems Laboratory (ESL) at the Texas Engineering Experiment Station, Texas A&M University System was contracted to fulfill a Continuous Commissioning® (CC®)project on the Rent-a-Car facility (RAC) of the Dallas-Fort Worth International...

  1. Electric car buyers not swayed by access to public Home charging is more important as a marketing tool, rSFU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    might not be the best way to encourage growth in the electric vehicle market." Along with grad students that access to home charging is more important for building the market for electric or hybrid vehicles thanElectric car buyers not swayed by access to public chargers Home charging is more important

  2. Wireless Power May Cut the Cord for Plug-In Devices, Including Cars1 by Will Ferguson for National Geographic News, abbreviated2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Bohemia, University of

    Boston, these and other applications of wireless electricity signal a future with fewer snaking5 cables.6 the industrial potential for wireless power is huge,12 especially in the realm of electric vehicles and wirelessWireless Power May Cut the Cord for Plug-In Devices, Including Cars1 by Will Ferguson for National

  3. Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards, established during the energy crises of the 1970s. Calls to increase fuel economy are usually met by a fierce debate on the effectiveness of the CAFE standards

  4. Testimony to the United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources POLICIES TO INCREASE PASSENGER CAR AND LIGHT TRUCK FUEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TO INCREASE PASSENGER CAR AND LIGHT TRUCK FUEL ECONOMY 2:30 pm, Tuesday, January 30, 2007 Dirksen Senate to formulate effective policies to significantly increase motor vehicle fuel economy. The views I express today to supply the world's growing demand for liquid fuels. Why do we need fuel economy policy? For too long we

  5. & The degree of commonality between the perceptual mech-when the car and face stimuli were separated by a 200-msec anisms involved in processing faces and objects of expertise is blank interval. With and without this delay, there was a strong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curran, Tim

    & The degree of commonality between the perceptual mech- when the car and face stimuli were to faces when con- and the subject's level of car expertise as measured in an inde- currently processing visual objects of expertise. In car experts pendent behavioral task. Together, these results show

  6. Large Scale Energy Storage: From Nanomaterials to Large Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Frank

    Large Scale Energy Storage: From Nanomaterials to Large Systems Wednesday October 26, 2011, Babbio energy storage devices. Specifically, this talk discusses 1) the challenges for grid scale of emergent technologies with ultralow costs on new energy storage materials and mechanisms. Dr. Jun Liu

  7. QUENCHES IN LARGE SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eberhard, P.H.

    2010-01-01

    QUENCHES IN LARGE SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETS. P. H. Eberhard,Study of an Unprotected Superconducting Coil Going Normal,"Method for Testing Superconducting Magnets," LBL Physics

  8. Role of the nuclear xenobiotic receptors CAR and PXR in induction of cytochromes P450 by non-dioxinlike polychlorinated biphenyls in cultured rat hepatocytes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gährs, Maike; Roos, Robert; Andersson, Patrik L.; Schrenk, Dieter

    2013-10-01

    Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are among the most ubiquitously detectable ‘persistent organic pollutants’. In contrast to ‘dioxinlike’ (DL) PCBs, less is known about the molecular mode of action of the larger group of the ‘non-dioxinlike’ (NDL) PCBs. Owing to the life-long exposure of the human population, a carcinogenic, i.e., tumor-promoting potency of NDL-PCBs has to be considered in human risk assessment. A major problem in risk assessment of NDL-PCBs is dioxin-like impurities that can occur in commercially available NDL-PCB standards. In the present study, we analyzed the induction of CYP2B1 and CYP3A1 in primary rat hepatocytes using a number of highly purified NDL-PCBs with various degrees of chlorination and substitution patterns. Induction of these enzymes is mediated by the nuclear xenobiotic receptors CAR (Constitutive androstane receptor) and PXR (Pregnane X receptor). For CYP2B1 induction, concentration–response analysis revealed a very narrow window of EC{sub 50} estimates, being in the range of 1–4 ?M for PCBs 28 and 52, and between 0.4 and 1 ?M for PCBs 101, 138, 153 and 180. CYP3A1 induction was less sensitive to NDL-PCBs, the most pronounced induction being achieved at 100 ?M with the higher chlorinated congeners. Using okadaic acid and small interfering RNAs targeting CAR and PXR, we could demonstrate that CAR plays a major role and PXR a minor role in NDL-PCB-driven induction of CYPs, both effects showing no stringent structure–activity relationship. As the only obvious relevant determinant, the degree of chlorination was found to be positively correlated with the inducing potency of the congeners. - Highlights: • We analyzed six highly purified NDL-PCBs for CYP2B1 and CYP3A1 expression. • CAR plays a major, PXR a minor role in NDL-PCB-driven induction of CYPs. • The degree of chlorination seems to be the major parameter for the inducing potency. • There exists a competition between CAR and PXR. • Activated PXR may antagonize CAR binding to the CYP2B1 promoter.

  9. Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and mastheadLakeLanguage of aLargeLargeLarge

  10. Large-scale pool fires 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinhaus, Thomas; Welch, Stephen; Carvel, Ricky O; Torero, Jose L

    2007-03-29

    A review of research into the burning behaviour of large pool fires and fuel spill fires is presented. The features which distinguish such fires from smaller pool fires are mainly associated with the fire dynamics at low ...

  11. Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure...

  12. A dynamic model system of household car ownership, trip generation, and modal split: model development and simulation experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kitamura, Ryuichi

    2009-01-01

    PPINCOME LOEDUC HIEDUC BOV-LARGE BOS-MEDIUM FOR-SMALL De?SINGLE(t) PPINCOME(t)/10,000 BOV-LARGE(t) h(t) k(t) N L(0)transit service level (BOV-LARGE) – have mostly anticipated

  13. Structure and energetics of solvated ferrous and ferric ions: Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics in the DFT+U formalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. H. -L. Sit; Matteo Cococcioni; Nicola Marzari

    2007-01-12

    We implemented a rotationally-invariant Hubbard U extension to density-functional theory in the Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics framework, with the goal of bringing the accuracy of the DFT+U approach to finite-temperature simulations, especially for liquids or solids containing transition-metal ions. First, we studied the effects on the Hubbard U on the static equilibrium structure of the hexa-aqua ferrous and ferric ions, and the inner-sphere reorganization energy for the electron-transfer reaction between aqueous ferrous and ferric ions. It is found that the reorganization energy is increased, mostly as a result of the Fe-O distance elongation in the hexa-aqua ferrous ion. Second, we performed a first-principles molecular dynamics study of the solvation structure of the two aqueous ferrous and ferric ions. The Hubbard term is found to change the Fe-O radial distribution function for the ferrous ion, while having a negligible effect on the aqueous ferric ion. Moreover, the frequencies of vibrations between Fe and oxygen atoms in the first-solvation shell are shown to be unaffected by the Hubbard corrections for both ferrous and ferric ions.

  14. FreedomCAR and vehicle technologies heavy vehicle program FY 2006. Benefits analysis : methodology and results - final report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, M.; Energy Systems; TA Engineering, Inc.

    2006-01-31

    This report describes the approach to estimating benefits and the analysis results for the Heavy Vehicle Technologies activities of the Freedom Car and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) Program of EERE. The scope of the effort includes: (1) Characterizing baseline and advanced technology vehicles for Class 3-6 and Class 7 and 8 trucks, (2) Identification of technology goals associated with the DOE EERE programs, (3) Estimating the market potential of technologies that improve fuel efficiency and/or use alternative fuels, (4) Determining the petroleum and greenhouse gas emissions reductions associated with the advanced technologies. In FY 05 the Heavy Vehicles program activity expanded its technical involvement to more broadly address various sources of energy loss as compared to focusing more narrowly on engine efficiency and alternative fuels. This broadening of focus has continued in the activities planned for FY 06. These changes are the result of a planning effort that occurred during FY 04 and 05. (Ref. 1) This narrative describes characteristics of the heavy truck market as they relate to the analysis, a description of the analysis methodology (including a discussion of the models used to estimate market potential and benefits), and a presentation of the benefits estimated as a result of the adoption of the advanced technologies. These benefits estimates, along with market penetrations and other results, are then modeled as part of the EERE-wide integrated analysis to provide final benefit estimates reported in the FY06 Budget Request.

  15. Freedom car and vehicle technologies heavy vehicle program : FY 2007 benefits analysis, methodology and results -- final report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SIngh, M.; Energy Systems; TA Engineering

    2008-02-29

    This report describes the approach to estimating the benefits and analysis results for the Heavy Vehicle Technologies activities of the FreedomCar and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) Program of EERE. The scope of the effort includes: (1) Characterizing baseline and advanced technology vehicles for Class 3-6 and Class 7 and 8 trucks, (2) Identifying technology goals associated with the DOE EERE programs, (3) Estimating the market potential of technologies that improve fuel efficiency and/or use alternative fuels, (4) Determining the petroleum and greenhouse gas emissions reductions associated with the advanced technologies. In FY 05 the Heavy Vehicles program activity expanded its technical involvement to more broadly address various sources of energy loss as compared to focusing more narrowly on engine efficiency and alternative fuels. This broadening of focus has continued in subsequent activities. These changes are the result of a planning effort that occurred during FY 04 and 05. (Ref. 1) This narrative describes characteristics of the heavy truck market as they relate to the analysis, a description of the analysis methodology (including a discussion of the models used to estimate market potential and benefits), and a presentation of the benefits estimated as a result of the adoption of the advanced technologies. The market penetrations are used as part of the EERE-wide integrated analysis to provide final benefit estimates reported in the FY07 Budget Request. The energy savings models are utilized by the FCVT program for internal project management purposes.

  16. CARS study of linewidths of the Q-branch of hydrogen molecules at high temperatures in a pulsed high-pressure H{sub 2}-O{sub 2} combustion chamber

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vereschagin, Konstantin A; Vereschagin, Alexey K; Smirnov, Valery V; Stelmakh, O M; Fabelinskii, V I; Clauss, W; Klimenko, D N; Oschwald, M

    2005-03-31

    The results of measurements of individual line widths of the Q-branch of a hydrogen molecule and the corresponding coefficients of broadening caused by collisions with water molecules at T = 2700 K in a repetitively pulsed high-pressure (50-200 atm) hydrogen-oxygen combustion chamber are presented. CARS spectra of individual Q{sub 1}-Q{sub 7} hydrogen lines, pressure pulses, and the broadband CARS spectra of the entire Q-branch of hydrogen are recorded simultaneously during a single laser pulse. The shape of line profiles was analysed using a Fabry-Perot interferometer. The temperature in the volume being probed was determined from the 'broadband' CARS spectra. The entire body of the experimental results gives information on the spectral linewidths, temperature and pressure in the combustion chamber during CARS probing. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)

  17. Fact #872: May 11, 2015 Study Finds More than 60% of Millennials and Generation Xers Use the Internet to Find a Car Dealer While Less than Half of Baby Boomers Did

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    According to an AutoTrader-commissioned study of people who purchased vehicles within the past 12 months, the Internet is the source most used when finding a car dealer. However, the study revealed...

  18. Fact #872: May 11, 2015 Study Finds More than 60% of Millennials and Generation Xers Use the Internet to Find a Car Dealer While Less than Half of Baby Boomers Did – Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file and dataset for Study Finds More than 60% of Millennials and Generation Xers Use the Internet to Find a Car Dealer While Less than Half of Baby Boomers Did

  19. Universal anomalous dimensions at large spin and large twist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apratim Kaviraj; Kallol Sen; Aninda Sinha

    2015-06-09

    In this paper we consider anomalous dimensions of double trace operators at large spin ($\\ell$) and large twist ($\\tau$) in CFTs in arbitrary dimensions ($d\\geq 3$). Using analytic conformal bootstrap methods, we show that the anomalous dimensions are universal in the limit $\\ell\\gg \\tau\\gg 1$. In the course of the derivation, we extract an approximate closed form expression for the conformal blocks arising in the four point function of identical scalars in any dimension. We compare our results with two different calculations in holography and find perfect agreement.

  20. Large aperture optical switching devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goldhar, J.; Henesian, M.A.

    1983-12-12

    We have developed a new approach to constructing large aperture optical switches for next generation inertial confinement fusion lasers. A transparent plasma electrode formed in low pressure ionized gas acts as a conductive coating to allow the uniform charging of the optical faces of an electro-optic material. In this manner large electric fields can be applied longitudinally to large aperture, high aspect ratio Pockels cells. We propose a four-electrode geometry to create the necessary high conductivity plasma sheets, and have demonstrated fast (less than 10 nsec) switching in a 5x5 cm aperture KD*P Pockels cell with such a design. Detaid modelling of Pockels cell performance with plasma electrodes has been carried out for 15 and 30 cm aperture designs.