Sample records for laos gk guernsey

  1. Guernsey County, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open Energy InformationGettop Science TechnologyGuernsey County,

  2. Guernsey Renewable Energy Commission GREC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating AGeothermal/ExplorationGoodsGuangzhou, China: Energy ResourcesGuernsey

  3. GK Batchelor Resuspension by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalziel, Stuart

    GK Batchelor Laboratory Resuspension by vortex rings A prototype for resuspension in turbulent Laboratory outline · Introduction resuspension, wakes · Vortex rings modelling, solid boundaries · Particle Laboratory outline · Introduction resuspension, wakes · Vortex rings modelling, solid boundaries · Particle

  4. Rubber in Laos Detection of actual and assessment of potential plantations in Lao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Rubber in Laos Detection of actual and assessment of potential plantations in Lao PDR using GIS for Development and Environment, University of Bern #12;ii #12;Rubber in Laos Detection of actual and assessment, the motivation for this thesis is mainly based on giving a contribution to the current research on rubber in Laos

  5. Abandoned deep mine subsidence investigation and remedial design, Interstate 70, Guernsey County, Ohio

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffmann, A.G.; Clark, D.M.; Bechtel, T.D.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A two thousand linear foot, undermined section of Interstate 70 in Guernsey County, Ohio experienced settlements due to pothole type subsidence events within the travel lanes, shoulders and adjacent right-of-way areas. Potholes measured approximately ten feet in depth and width. The subsidence occurred after the dewatering of the abandoned deep mine during auger mining operations west of the site. A two-phase emergency investigation was undertaken by the Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT) and Gannett Fleming Cord dry and Carpenter (GF). The purpose of the investigation was to assess the immediate danger of potholes occurring in the traveled lanes and paved shoulders, to identify the subsidence mechanisms, and to design a remediation program. Phase one investigations involved the review of existing subsurface data, the advancement of shallow borings and the performance of multiple geophysical surveys including ground penetrating radar, seismic refraction and electromagnetic terrain conductivity. The Phase one investigations did not reveal the presence of subsidence voids. Phase two investigations included borings to the mine level and videotaping of mine conditions. The mine was found to be completely flooded. Based upon the collected data, two mechanisms of failure, localized roof fall and piping of overburden soils into the mine void, were identified. Two remedial alternatives, (1) the filling of the mine void, and (2) the reinforcement of the highway using geotextiles, were evaluated, Filling of the mined interval and grouting of overburden bedrock fractures and voids, within a limited area, were selected. Construction plans, specifications and cost estimates were prepared for bidding and award. During the bidding process, a catastrophic, pothole type failure of the I-70 travel lanes occurred. The interstate was closed and the planned remediation activities were performed as an emergency project. The mine interval was grouted and portions of the highway pavement were replaced. The highway was reopened within 180 calendar days of the failure.

  6. OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM Grade 60 minutes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    or hypotheses that can be examined through scientific investigation. Design and conduct an investigation (or watch or wall clock) ! experiment worksheet, 1 set per student #12;OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM Lesson from the cold? Which is the worst?" Show students the 4 materials you have brought to test: fur

  7. OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM Grade 45 minutes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM 4th Grade 45 minutes KELP FOREST VIRTUAL FIELD TRIP Oregon Science Content experience the kelp forest ecosystem Concepts: ! The kelp forest has a high amount of diversity: ! Kelp forest video (video of a dive in the kelp forest near the Cape Arago Lighthouse is available from

  8. OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM Grade 45 minutes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM 3rd Grade 45 minutes OYSTER BED ECOLOGY ­ VIRTUAL EXPERIMENT Oregon Science the life cycles of plants and animals. 3.3 Scientific Inquiry: Scientific inquiry is a process used with many features. 5. The ocean supports a great diversity of life and ecosystems. 6. The ocean and humans

  9. OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM 4th Grade 60 minutes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on energy from the sun. ! A food web illustrates energy transfer through feeding interactions. ! Organisms the sun (the grass); a consumer cannot make its own energy from the sun, but gets it from #12;OIMB GK12 a consumer, consuming the rabbit. The arrow and energy go from the rabbit to the fox. 3. Bring in the Sun

  10. Laos: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind Energy Development Jump to:Wave PowerLaos: Energy

  11. Fusion Potentials for G_k and Handle Squashing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Crescimanno

    1991-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Using Chern-Simons gauge theory, we show that the fusion ring of the conformal field theory G_k is isomorphic to P(u)/(\\del V), where V is a polynomial in u and (\\del V) is the ideal generated by the conditions \\del V=0. We also derive a residue-like formula for the correlation functions in the Chern-Simons theory thus providing a RCFT version of the residue formula for the TLG models. An operator that acts like the measure in the residue formula has the ionterpretation of a handle squashing operator and an explicit formula for this operator is given.

  12. Lao Institute for Renewable Energy LIRE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLao Institute for

  13. Long-Term Climate Commitments Projected with ClimateCarbon Cycle Models G.-K. PLATTNER,a,n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stocker, Thomas

    Long-Term Climate Commitments Projected with Climate­Carbon Cycle Models G.-K. PLATTNER,a,n R IAC, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland c Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada h The Open

  14. A THREE-DIMENSIONAL VIEW OF THE REMNANT OF NOVA PERSEI 1901 (GK Per)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liimets, T.; Verro, K.; Kolka, I. [Tartu Observatory, 61602 Toravere (Estonia); Corradi, R. L. M.; Rodriguez-Gil, P. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Via Lactea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Spain); Santander-Garcia, M. [Observatorio Astronomico Nacional, Ap. de Correos 112, E-28803 Alcala de Henares, Madrid (Spain); Villaver, E. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid (Spain)

    2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a kinematical study of the optical ejecta of GK Per. It is based on proper-motion measurements of 282 knots from {approx}20 images spanning 25 years. Doppler shifts are also computed for 217 knots. The combination of proper motions and radial velocities allows a unique three-dimensional view of the ejecta to be obtained. The main results are as follows: (1) the outflow is a thick shell in which knots expand with a significant range of velocities, mostly between 600 and 1000 km s{sup -1}, (2) kinematical ages indicate that knots have suffered only a modest deceleration since their ejection a century ago, (3) no evidence for anisotropy in the expansion rate is found, (4) velocity vectors are generally aligned along the radial direction, but a symmetric pattern of non-radial velocities is also observed at specific directions, and (5) the total H{alpha}+[N II] flux has been linearly decreasing at a rate of 2.6% per year in the past decade. The eastern nebular side is fading at a slower rate than the western side. Some of the knots were displayed a rapid change of brightness during the 2004-2011 period. Over a longer timescale, a progressive circularization and homogenization of the nebula are taking place; (6) a kinematic distance of 400 {+-} 30 pc is determined. These results raise some problems with the previous interpretations of the evolution of GK Per. In particular, the idea of a strong interaction of the outflow with the surrounding medium in the southwest quadrant is not supported by our data.

  15. Farm-level bureaucrats in action (and inaction) : the distribution of veterinary services in Laos and Cambodia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ballard, Brett M

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, I analyze several dimensions of the institutional environment that govern contractual exchange between veterinary service providers and farmers in Laos and Cambodia. I hypothesize that the negotiation, ...

  16. X-ray Fading and Expansion in the "Miniature Supernova Remnant" of GK Persei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takei, D; Yamaguchi, H; Slane, P; Uchiyama, Y; Katsuda, S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on a second epoch of Chandra X-ray imaging spectroscopy of the spatially-resolved old nova remnant GK Persei. An ACIS-S3 observation of 97.4 ks was conducted in November 2013 after a lapse of 13.8 years from the last visit in 2000. The X-ray emitting nebula appeared more faint and patchy compared with the first epoch. The flux decline was particularly evident in fainter regions and the mean decline was 30-40 % in the 0.5-1.2 keV energy band. A typical expansion of the brightest part of the remnant was 1.9 arcsec, which corresponds to an expansion rate of 0.14 arcsec yr^{-1}. The soft X-ray spectra extracted from both the 2000 and 2013 data can be explained by a non-equilibrium ionization collisional plasma model convolved with interstellar absorption, though do not allow us to constrain the origin of the flux evolution. The plasma temperature has not significantly evolved since the 2000 epoch and we conclude that the fading of the X-ray emission is due largely to expansion. This implies that recent ...

  17. Women Weaving Well-Being: The Social Reproduction of Health in Laos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lundberg, Kristin V.

    2008-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Neua??????151 2. Noises and Activities of the Morning??????...152 3. The Day Goes On??????????????..157 4. Evening and Day End????????????...158 C. Basics of Daily Living????????????????.160 1. Water???????????????????.161 2. Houses... as a primary resource for socially reproducing health. I also examine necessities for life such as water, food, and shelter, and describe daily activities that effectively utilize them. My second research objective is to understand Lao handweaving...

  18. The microstructure and rheology of a model, thixotropic nanoparticle gel under steady shear and large amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Min Kim, Jung; Kate Gurnon, A.; Wagner, Norman J., E-mail: wagnernj@udel.edu [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and Center for Neutron Science, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States); Eberle, Aaron P. R. [NIST Center for Neutron Research, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Porcar, Lionel [NIST Center for Neutron Research, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 and Institut Laue-Langevin, BP 156, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France)

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The microstructure-rheology relationship for a model, thermoreversible nanoparticle gel is investigated using a new technique of time-resolved neutron scattering under steady and time-resolved large amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS) flows. A 21 vol. % gel is tested with varying strength of interparticle attraction. Shear-induced structural anisotropy is observed as butterfly scattering patterns and quantified through an alignment factor. Measurements in the plane of flow show significant, local anisotropy develops with alignment along the compressional axis of flow, providing new insights into how gels flow. The microstructure-rheology relationship is analyzed through a new type of structure-Lissajous plot that shows how the anisotropic microstructure is responsible for the observed LAOS response, which is beyond a response expected for a purely viscous gel with constant structure. The LAOS shear viscosities are observed to follow the “Delaware-Rutgers” rule. Rheological and microstructural data are successfully compared across a broad range of conditions by scaling the shear rate by the strength of attraction, providing a method to compare behavior between steady shear and LAOS experiments. However, important differences remain between the microstructures measured at comparatively high frequency in LAOS experiments and comparable steady shear experiments that illustrate the importance of measuring the microstructure to properly interpret the nonlinear, dynamic rheological response.

  19. Laos-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLao Institute forAbout

  20. Laos-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLao Institute

  1. Quantifying oxygen diffusion in ZnO nanobelt Jin Liu, Puxian Gao, Wenjie Mai, Changshi Lao, and Zhong L. Wanga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    Quantifying oxygen diffusion in ZnO nanobelt Jin Liu, Puxian Gao, Wenjie Mai, Changshi Lao A method is presented for quantifying oxygen diffusion behavior in a nanodevice fabricated using individual for several days, oxygen in air diffused into the nanobelt and significantly changed the conductivity

  2. MOSSBAUER STUDIES OF DILUTE ERBIUM IMPURITIES IN ZIRCONIUM HYDRIDES* G.K. Shenoy, B.D. Dunlap, D.G. Westlake and A.E. Dwight*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    MOSSBAUER STUDIES OF DILUTE ERBIUM IMPURITIES IN ZIRCONIUM HYDRIDES* G.K. Shenoy, B.D. Dunlap, D previously shown 15,6/ that Mossbauer effect measurements can be used to investigate the electronic.6 keV Mossbauer transition in 16G Er. The re- sonance spectra were measured using conventional

  3. GK Per (Nova Persei 1901): HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE IMAGERY AND SPECTROSCOPY OF THE EJECTA, AND FIRST SPECTRUM OF THE JET-LIKE FEATURE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shara, Michael M.; Zurek, David; Mizusawa, Trisha [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West and 79th street, New York, NY 10024-5192 (United States); De Marco, Orsola [Department of Physics, Macquarie University, Sydney (Australia); Williams, Robert; Livio, Mario [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)

    2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We have imaged the ejecta of GK Persei (Nova Persei 1901 A.D.) with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), whose 0.1 arcsec resolution reveals hundreds of cometary-like structures with long axes aligned toward GK Per. One or both ends of the structures often show a brightness enhancement relative to the structures' middle sections, but there is no simple regularity to their morphologies (in contrast with, for example, the Helix nebula). Some of structures' morphologies suggest the presence of slow-moving or stationary material with which the ejecta is colliding, while others suggest shaping from a wind emanating from GK Per itself. The most detailed expansion map of any classical nova's ejecta was created by comparing HST images taken in successive years. Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 narrowband images and Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph spectra demonstrate that the physical conditions in this nova's ejecta vary strongly on spatial scales much smaller than those of the ejecta. Directly measuring accurate densities and compositions, and hence masses of this and other nova shells, will demand data at least as resolved spatially as those presented here. The filling factor of the ejecta is 1% or less, and the nova ejecta mass must be less than 10{sup -4} M{sub Sun }. A modest fraction of the emission nebulosities vary in brightness by up to a factor of two on timescales of one year. Finally, we present the deepest images yet obtained of a jet-like feature outside the main body of GK Per nebulosity, and the first spectrum of that feature. Dominated by strong, narrow emission lines of [N II], [O II], [O III], and [S II], this feature is probably a shock due to ejected material running into stationary interstellar matter, slowly moving ejecta from a previous nova episode, or circumbinary matter present before 1901. An upper limit to the mass of the jet is of order a few times 10{sup -6} M{sub Sun }. If the jet mass is close to this limit then the jet might be an important, or even dominant mass sink from the binary system. The jet's faintness suggests that similar features could easily have been missed in other cataclysmic binaries.

  4. Town of Guernsey, Wyoming (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin Hydropower Station JumpOpenEITown ofTown of FortTownTown ofTown

  5. Guernsey-Muskingum El Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating AGeothermal/ExplorationGoodsGuangzhou, China: Energy

  6. Wavelength-extended photovoltaic infrared photodetectors Yan-Feng Lao, P. K. D. D. P. Pitigala, A. G. Unil Perera, L. H. Li, S. P. Khanna, and E. H. Linfield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perera, A. G. Unil

    Wavelength-extended photovoltaic infrared photodetectors Yan-Feng Lao, P. K. D. D. P. Pitigala, A Publishing Articles you may be interested in Photovoltaic infrared detection with p-type graded barrier://scitation.aip.org/termsconditions. Downloaded to IP: 131.96.4.179 On: Mon, 31 Mar 2014 16:28:42 #12;Wavelength-extended photovoltaic infrared

  7. OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM Grade 60 minutes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in an area where they did not occur previously. 5. Extinction is the dying out or termination of a species, emigration, and extinction. For this lesson, we will look at how immigration affects the number of species" for colonists to land on. Once species colonize an island, the rate of extinction is affected by island size

  8. OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM grade 60 minutes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and defend themselves using stinging cells called nematocysts. Nematocysts are coiled, barbed threads wound. Explain that organisms are composed of parts that function together to form a living system 5.2L.1

  9. OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM Kindergarten 30 minutes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    can be made into napkins or envelopes or other paper. Glass bottles can be made into bottles again single-use items. ! We can recycle paper, plastic, glass, and metal into other useful things. ! Litter. Materials: ! Gallon jug half filled with water ! A few paper cups ! Reusable water bottle ! Paper towels

  10. OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM Grade 60 minutes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    melted into molten rock known as magma. Students will realize that this is the source of the lava. ! While the surface of the mantle is also composed of rock, the rest of it is so hot that the rock has

  11. OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM Kindergarten 30 minutes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    suitable pond book) ! laminated pond bingo cards (1 per student) ! Beans or Goldfish crackers (25 per in the book are able to move (spider on eight legs, water strider on top of the water, fish with its tail through the water, dragonfly with wings, etc.). Leave time for questions. 2. Have students return

  12. Vientiane, Laos: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga,planningFlowmeter Logging Jump to:Vicksburg,VideoconWisconsin:

  13. Vortragsveranstaltungen des GK 1412 Zeitraum: 2006-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossak, Wilhelm R.

    . Klaus Heitmann, Univ.Heidelberg - Dr. Thomas Mutschler, FSU Jena 2007 Podiumsdiskussion im Rahmen der, Botschaft Bulgarien - Bogdan Mazuru, Botschaft Rumänien - Prof. Dr. Walter Bauer-Wabnegg, Thür. Kulturstaatssekretär - Prof. Dr. Klaus Dicke, Rektor der FSU Jena - Prof. Dr. Gabriella Schubert, FSU Jena - Prof. Dr

  14. OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM 4th Grade 60 minutes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : ! 10 specimens of live kelp and algae (including bull kelp), collected at the rocky shore or washed up to describe what they see. Include phytoplankton and kelp. Explain that they are all different forms of algae plants. 2. Kelp anatomy: Students will need to know kelp anatomy for this lesson. This can be taught

  15. GK Bio Energy Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGermanFifeGEXA Corp. (New Jersey) Jump to:GGAMGHPGIS HomeGITGK

  16. Laos-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind Energy Development Jump to:Wave Power

  17. China Lao Gaixian Wind L P | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergy Offshore Place: SpainGuajirugroSolar company Jump

  18. Laos-Forest Investment Program (FIP) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKoreaLaor Batteries Ltd Jump to:

  19. OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM 4th Grade 45-60 minutes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ten different kinds of seaweed of all colors and sizes Overhead and worksheet of bull kelp (to label to contain the mess. 2. The lesson begins with a review of kelp anatomy, and students label a drawing of Bull Kelp. 3. Students are then split into two groups and told to go look at the seaweed at their station

  20. OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM grade 60 minutes+20 minutes/day for length of experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Point ! Brine Shrimp Eggs, 1 package (available at most pet stores) ! plastic containers in which to raise shrimp, 3-5 depending on experimental design (two-liter plastic bottles with top cut off work well ! small plastic dishes, one per student group (petri dish or other that fits under microscope lens) ! Eye

  1. OIMB GK12 CURRICULUM Grade One 90 or Two 45 minute sessions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and sand (enough to fill 2L bottles to half-way line, with extra for observations) ! Small dishes to hold groups) ! Optional: brock scopes ! 3 2L soda bottles with holes in the bottom and the top cut off, muddy water ! 3 stopwatches ! 3 plastic tubs to collect water ! Worksheets (one set per student) #12

  2. MA 220Seating Final Exam Elliott HALL OF MUSIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Charlotte M

    2013-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Smith, Mitchell. G. 225 Guernsey, Cameron. H. 201. Oliver, Rebecca. H. 207 Taylor, Kailee. H. 213. Song, Shali. H. 219 Reed, Duran. H. 225. Vasil, Michelle.

  3. ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW FOR CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Guernsey Rural, Worland, Refinery, Box Butte, and Morrill Taps Located in Wyoming and Nebraska A. Brief Description of Proposal: Western Area Power Administration (Western)...

  4. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DPRK) Korea (ROK) Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia LebanonDPRK) Korea (ROK) Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia LebanonKorea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Liberia

  5. Published in: Plant Proteomics: Technologies, Strategies, and Applications. (G.K. Agrawal & R Rakwal, eds.) John Wiley & Sons,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    proteins. Protocols should be adapted to take into account the following specificities. (i) The lack are natural composite structures, mostly made up of high molecular mass polysaccharides, proteins, and lignins cell wall proteins (CWP) only account for 5 to 10% of that mass. Models of cell wall structure describe

  6. Laos-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKoreaLaor Batteries Ltd Jump to:Developing and

  7. Laos-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKoreaLaor Batteries Ltd Jump to:Developing

  8. CX-009090: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Exclusion Determination Line Switch Replacements at Guernsey Rural, Worland, Refinery, Box Butte, and Morrill Taps CX(s) Applied: B4.6, B4.11 Date: 07302012 Location(s):...

  9. The SEREBRO Project: Fostering Creativity through Collaboration and Rewards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gamble, R. F.

    @utulsa.edu University of Tulsa 800 South Tucker Drive Tulsa, OK 74104 David Baker david-baker@utulsa.edu Dan Guernsey Tucker Drive Tulsa, OK 74104 Jordan Hughes jordan- hughes@utulsa.edu ABSTRACT Software Engineering

  10. Polymer functionalized piezoelectric-FET as humidity/chemical nanosensors Chang Shi Lao, Qin Kuang, and Zhong L. Wanga ,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    in water at pH value of 7.5 is -21 mV, which means that the surface of ZnO NB was negatively charged Fig. 1 on piezoelectric field effect transistor PE-FET is demonstrated. The working principle of the PE-FET relies and harvesting energy from the environment for self-powered nanosystems.10 PE-FET and diodes12 that operate based

  11. VBF: Vector-Based Forwarding Protocol for Underwater Sensor Networks Peng Xie, Jun-Hong Cui, Li Lao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Jun-Hong

    important for various applications, such as oceanographic data collection, pollution detection, and marine latency in UWSNs. Acoustic channels (instead of RF channels) are used as the communication method since radio does not work well in water. The propagation speed of acoustic signals in water is about 1.5 Ã? 103

  12. Stylosanthes guianensis as a short-term fallow crop for improving upland rice productivity in northern Laos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Kessel, Chris

    ) to 83 days after rice sowing (DARS) in two experiments. In experiment 1, stylo was grown as a one of 55% when stylo was seeded at the same time as rice (0 DARS). When stylo was seeded later than 15 DARS

  13. au burkina faso: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CAMBODGE LAOS VIETNAM COLOMBIA KENYA SOUTH AFRICA BRAZIL CHILE THAILANDE BOLIVIE MAROC TUNISIE TANZANIE VENEZUELA CAMBODGE LAOS VIETNAM COLOMBIE KENYA AFRIQUE DU SUD 17 La...

  14. Causes and Consequences of Second Language Education: A Global Analysis From 1980 to the Present

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coyne, Gary

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, TurkmenistanKazakhstan Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Laos Latvia Lebanon

  15. VIII. OBSERVATION WELLS TO MEET SPECIAL PERMIT CONDITIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guaje Canyon N Paja rito Canyon 0 10,000 ft5000 FCO-1 APCO-1 LAO-6A SCO-2 SCO-1 MCO-6B MCO-4B MCO-7A PCTH-1 WCM-3 WCM-2 WCM-1 MCO-6A MCO-4A LAO-3A LAO-4.5A LAO-4.5C LAO-4.5B 0 5000 10 000 hollow

  16. Seasonality and Environmental Heterogeneity during a Late Carboniferous Highstand: Brachiopod Shell Geochemical Records from the Pangean Tropics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roark, Andrew

    2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    roadcut, 1 mile east of Middlebourne, Oxford Township Guernsey OH 40.054075(i) -81.320381(i) OSU Nn-3 West side of rt. 77 approx. 0.5 mi south of 821 exit SE of Belle Valley, SW1/4 SE1/4 sec 20 Noble township Noble OH 39.780917(i) -81.553303(i) OSU... TFF Tony Fasekas Farm, 1.5 mi south of New Concord, Union Township Guernsey OH 39.975977(i) -81.727061(i) OSU *Sample source: FC= collected in the field by author; F= collected by Flake (2011); CMP= from collections housed at the Carnegie Museum...

  17. P. Dillenbourg and M. Specht (Eds.): EC-TEL 2008, LNCS 5192, pp. 132143, 2008. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Bra, Paul

    LAOS and AHAM separate adaptation and content in different layers. Systems like AHA!, offer graphical adaptive material. There exist several Adaptive Hypermedia refer- ence models like AHAM [24] and LAOS [7 a generali- zation of the AHAM model [

  18. Ogmios 18

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostler, Nicholas D M

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - Lost Worlds3 Skutnabb-Kangas and Phillipson take the Torres Strait Islander Studies: Canberra, message to Kathmandu ...................... . 14 2. Development of the Foundation.. .5 October 2002.. .2 1 ................................ ... Resolution... ..................... Literature and Endangerment: Guernsey 11. New Publications 23 A New Committee.. ............................. 8 ..... Norman French ................................. 1 6 Proposed Multilingualism in Canada .23 3. Language Endangerment in the News8 Daniel...

  19. CX-006239: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Structure Replacement, Guernsey Rural Substation to Limestone Substation, Platte County, WyomingCX(s) Applied: B4.6Date: 10/02/2009Location(s): Platte County, WyomingOffice(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

  20. Explaining the causes and consequences of internationally monitored elections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyde, Susan Dayton

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CIS mission to Moldova and Kyrgyzstan because of the CIS’sFaso Equatorial Guinea Kyrgyzstan Burundi Estonia Laos

  1. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coal Products ( 0 Exports Imports Laos Lebanon Libya Liechtenstein Macau Malaysia Mauritius Mexico Mongolia (Outer) Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New

  2. Krylov-based model reduction of second-order systems with proportional damping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gugercin, Serkan

    such that Ran(V) = span {KJ1 (F1, g1), · · · , KJK (FK, gK)} , and Ran(Z) = span KJK+1 (FK+1, gK+1), · · · , KJ2

  3. www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/322/5898/110/DC1 Supporting Online Material for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaham, Shai

    by the Caenorhabditis Genetics Center. abl- 1(ok171) was isolated as described previously (2). The CED-4::GFP line (opIs);abl- 1(ok171), lagr-1(gk327);abl-1(ok171), lagr-1(gk327);opIs219, and lagr-1(gk327);sphk-1 (ok1097

  4. --No Title--

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho...

  5. Risky neighbors and co-ethnic groups : the political logic of fiscal grants in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jihyeon; Jeong, Jihyeon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Myanmar (Burma), and Kyrgyzstan as well as stable statesKazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal,ethnics in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. challenges. In order

  6. Karl Herweg Natalie Schfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Saphangthong (Lao PDR) Hung Nguyen-Viet (Vietnam) Jyldyz Shigaeva (Kyrgyzstan) Laya Prasad Uprety (Nepal) Tina Training Course in Kyrgyzstan, 2003; communicating beyond disciplinary, cultural, and language boundaries

  7. Risky neighbors and co-ethnic groups : the political logic of fiscal grants in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jihyeon; Jeong, Jihyeon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Resistance in Inner Mongolia, China. Asian Ethnicity 12(Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia,in Tibet, Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia (Fravel, 2010; Dreyer,

  8. CI-OFF Ex A (Rev. 0.2, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania,...

  9. accumulating rice mutant: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    crop under rainfed conditions with no Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: Abstract In northern Laos, upland rice is grown as a subsistence crop under rainfed conditions or...

  10. allotetraploid rice species: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    crop under rainfed conditions with no Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: Abstract In northern Laos, upland rice is grown as a subsistence crop under rainfed conditions or...

  11. asian cultivated rice: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: Abstract In northern Laos, upland rice is grown as a subsistence crop under rainfed conditions or three years between rice crops. In this paper the impact...

  12. agrobacterium-mediated cry1ab-transformed rice: Topics by E-print...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    under rainfed conditions with no Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: Abstract In northern Laos, upland rice is grown as a subsistence crop under rainfed conditions or three...

  13. A PURITY THEOREM FOR FUNCTORS WITH TRANSFERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). We show that the following equality holds for the subgroups of the group F(K): # p#SpecR,htp=1 im for the subgroups of G(K): # p#SpecR, htp=1 im{G(R p ) # G(K)} = im{G(R) # G(K)}, (#) where all maps are induced condition for the functor FR as # p#SpecR, htp=1 F(R p ) = F(R), (# # ) where the left and the right parts

  14. A PURITY THEOREM FOR FUNCTORS WITH TRANSFERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). We show that the following equality holds for the subgroups of the group F(K): pSpec R,htp=1 im for the subgroups of G(K): pSpec R, htp=1 im{G(Rp) G(K)} = im{G(R) G(K)}, () where all maps are induced condition for the functor FR as pSpec R, htp=1 F(Rp) = F(R), ( ) where the left and the right parts

  15. A PURITY THEOREM FOR FUNCTORS WITH TRANSFERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    map). We show that the following equality holds for the subgroups of the group F(K): # p#SpecR,htp=1 for the subgroups of G(K): # p#SpecR, htp=1 im{G(R p ) # G(K)} = im{G(R) # G(K)}, (#) where all maps are induced condition for the functor FR as # p#SpecR, htp=1 F(R p ) = F(R), (# # ) where the left and the right parts

  16. A PURITY THEOREM FOR FUNCTORS WITH TRANSFERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    map). We show that the following equality holds for the subgroups of the group F(K): pSpec R,htp=1 im for the subgroups of G(K): pSpec R, htp=1 im{G(Rp) G(K)} = im{G(R) G(K)}, () where all maps are induced condition for the functor FR as pSpec R, htp=1 F(Rp) = F(R), ( ) where the left and the right parts

  17. The use of fluorescent intrabodies to detect endogenous gankyrin in living cancer cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rinaldi, Anne-Sophie; Freund, Guillaume; Desplancq, Dominique; Sibler, Annie-Paule; Baltzinger, Mireille [Ecole Supérieure de Biotechnologie de Strasbourg, UMR 7242, CNRS/Université de Strasbourg, boulevard Sébastien Brant, 67412 Illkirch (France); Rochel, Natacha [Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, UMR 7104, CNRS/INSERM/Université de Strasbourg, rue Laurent Fries, 67404 Illkirch (France); Mély, Yves; Didier, Pascal [Faculté de Pharmacie, UMR 7213, CNRS/Université de Strasbourg, route du Rhin, 67401 Illkirch (France); Weiss, Etienne, E-mail: eweiss@unistra.fr [Ecole Supérieure de Biotechnologie de Strasbourg, UMR 7242, CNRS/Université de Strasbourg, boulevard Sébastien Brant, 67412 Illkirch (France)

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Expression of antibody fragments in mammalian cells (intrabodies) is used to probe the target protein or interfere with its biological function. We previously described the in vitro characterisation of a single-chain Fv (scFv) antibody fragment (F5) isolated from an intrabody library that binds to the oncoprotein gankyrin (GK) in solution. Here, we have isolated several other scFvs that interact with GK in the presence of F5 and tested whether they allow, when fused to fluorescent proteins, to detect by FRET endogenous GK in living cells. The binding of pairs of scFvs to GK was analysed by gel filtration and the ability of each scFv to mediate nuclear import/export of GK was determined. Binding between scFv-EGFP and RFP-labelled GK in living cells was detected by fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM). After co-transfection of two scFvs fused to EGFP and RFP, respectively, which form a tri-molecular complex with GK in vitro, FRET signal was measured. This system allowed us to observe that GK is monomeric and distributed throughout the cytoplasm and nucleus of several cancer cell lines. Our results show that pairs of fluorescently labelled intrabodies can be monitored by FLIM–FRET microscopy and that this technique allows the detection of lowly expressed endogenous proteins in single living cells. Highlights: ? Endogenous GK in living cells was targeted with pairs of fluorescently-tagged scFvs. ? Tri-molecular complexes containing two scFvs and one molecule GK were formed. ? GK was detected using fluorescence lifetime-based FRET imaging. ? GK is monomeric and homogeneously distributed in several cancer cell lines. ? This technique may have many applications in live-cell imaging of endogenous proteins.

  18. Technical matters The practice and politics of geo-referencing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    , Energy & Resources Group 2010 Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting #12;Laos? China GoogleTechnical matters The practice and politics of geo-referencing Michael B. Dwyer, UC BerkeleyEarth imagery, November 2008 #12;China Lao PDR #12;"The world map is bring redrawn. Over the past six months

  19. This article was downloaded by: [Indiana University Libraries] On: 03 November 2011, At: 11:19

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Tom

    September 2010) This article examines the transition from shifting cultivation to rubber production: the transition from swidden cultivation to rubber plantations in Laos PDR Tom P. Evans a , Khamla Phanvilay b and household inequality: the transition from swidden cultivation to rubber plantations in Laos PDR, Journal

  20. A Family of Zinc Finger Proteins Is Required for Chromosome-specific Pairing and Synapsis during Meiosis in C. elegans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, Carolyn M.; Dernburg, Abby F.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of two components of the SC. HTP-3 is an axial component andor chromosome segments that load HTP-3 but not SYP-1 arechk-2(me64), him-3(gk149), htp-1(gk150), and zhp-3(jj61), in

  1. The Finitary Andrews-Curtis Conjecture Alexandre V. Borovik Alexander Lubotzky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lubotzky, Alex

    Y G we denote by gpG (Y ) the normal closure of Y in G, by d(G) the minimal number of generators as a normal subgroup: Nk(G) = {(g1, . .,.gk) | gpG (g1, . .,.gk).= G } Then the Andrews

  2. Breaking Four Mix-related Schemes Based on Universal Re-encryption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danezis, George

    fresh k, k ): UREx(m) := (a, b, c, d) := (gk , (gx )k ; gk , (gx )k · m) (1) Such a ciphertext can be re of message m, encrypted under the secret key x, i.e. UREx(m). The Universal Re-encryption primitive itself

  3. Guide to Colorado Well Permits, Water Rights, and Water Administration |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open Energy InformationGettop Science TechnologyGuernsey

  4. Contacts at Regional Coordination Offices West Africa Bassirou Bonfoh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Mira Arynova Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan mira.arynova@ucentralasia.org www.nccr-central-asia.org South Asia- Aletsch Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Thailand Laos Vietnam China (Yunnan Province) Cambodia

  5. A Kinetic Model of Copper Cycling in San Francisco Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bessinger, Brad; Cooke, Terry; Forman, Barton; Lee, Vivian; Mineart, Philip; Armstrong, Louis

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Agencies Association. Bruland KW. 1983. Trace elements inreport. Donat JR, Lao KA, Bruland KW. 1994. Speciation ofChemistry 36:329-363. Gee AK, Bruland KW. 2002. Tracing Ni,

  6. Revealing the Nature of Emergent Ferromagnetism at an Oxide Heterointe...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    structures 6-8. LaAlO3 (lanthanum aluminium oxide, LAO) and SrTiO3 (strontium titanium oxide, STO) materials are perovskites, a class of mineral oxides whose unique...

  7. Rheo-PIV of a shear-banding wormlike micellar solution under large amplitude oscillatory shear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimitriou, Christopher J.

    We explore the behavior of a wormlike micellar solution under both steady and large amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS) in a cone–plate geometry through simultaneous bulk rheometry and localized velocimetric measurements. ...

  8. Indochina energy outlook. Report series Number 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, C.J.; Lamke, A.J.; Li, B.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Indochina contains large energy resources of oil, gas, coal, and hydropower, and will become an important oil, gas, and electricity exporter in Southeast Asia over the next decade. The combination of substantial energy resources and economic reforms in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia are attracting major investments in the energy sector. This report discusses the economy; the resources, reserves, and projected production of oil, gas, coal, and hydropower; and electric power in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. 10 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

  9. Experimental The selected catanionic reverse micelle system consists of water, decane, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jie

    . [11] a) J. Y. Lao, J. G. Wen, Z. F. Ren, Nano Lett. 2002, 2, 1287. b) J. Y. Lao, J. Y. Huang, D. Z. Wang, Z. F. Ren, Nano Lett. 2003, 3, 235. c) H. Q. Yan, R. R. He, J. Johnson, M. Law, R. J. Saykally, P. D. Yang, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 4728. [12] H. Shi, L. Qi, J. Ma, H. Cheng, J. Am. Chem. Soc

  10. activated receptor-2 axis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from us) would produce radio-emission at late times even in the absence of significant prompt gamma-ray emission. Of the supernovae in our sample, only SN 2003gk was detected in...

  11. alter hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis: Topics by E-print...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from us) would produce radio-emission at late times even in the absence of significant prompt gamma-ray emission. Of the supernovae in our sample, only SN 2003gk was detected in...

  12. axis controls glial: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from us) would produce radio-emission at late times even in the absence of significant prompt gamma-ray emission. Of the supernovae in our sample, only SN 2003gk was detected in...

  13. assess hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis: Topics by E-print...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from us) would produce radio-emission at late times even in the absence of significant prompt gamma-ray emission. Of the supernovae in our sample, only SN 2003gk was detected in...

  14. axis cranking approach: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from us) would produce radio-emission at late times even in the absence of significant prompt gamma-ray emission. Of the supernovae in our sample, only SN 2003gk was detected in...

  15. alters hpa axis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from us) would produce radio-emission at late times even in the absence of significant prompt gamma-ray emission. Of the supernovae in our sample, only SN 2003gk was detected in...

  16. axis vegf-flt-1 fms-like: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from us) would produce radio-emission at late times even in the absence of significant prompt gamma-ray emission. Of the supernovae in our sample, only SN 2003gk was detected in...

  17. acute hpa axis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from us) would produce radio-emission at late times even in the absence of significant prompt gamma-ray emission. Of the supernovae in our sample, only SN 2003gk was detected in...

  18. axis weight loss: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from us) would produce radio-emission at late times even in the absence of significant prompt gamma-ray emission. Of the supernovae in our sample, only SN 2003gk was detected in...

  19. axis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from us) would produce radio-emission at late times even in the absence of significant prompt gamma-ray emission. Of the supernovae in our sample, only SN 2003gk was detected in...

  20. A. E. K. Ris Ris-M -CUE] Title and author(s)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - tageous . Copies to Library 100 G.K. Kristiansen 1( RT 12 I Available on request from: Risø Library, are considered for 2-dimensional geometries xy, rz, and r6. There are 3 types of problems, 1) A » 1/K

  1. Nanowire-based All Oxide Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Peidong

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1999; 7: 471. 6) Rai, B.P. Solar Cells, 1988, 25, 265. 7)Paul, G.K. , Sakurai, T. , Solar Energy, 2006, 80, 715. 9)1999, 2) Green, M.A. , Solar Cells, 1982, Prentice-Hall,

  2. Planet occurrence within 0.25AU of solar-type stars from Kepler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seager, Sara

    We report the distribution of planets as a function of planet radius, orbital period, and stellar effective temperature for orbital periods less than 50 days around solar-type (GK) stars. These results are based on the ...

  3. Global Climate Projections Coordinating Lead Authors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olver, Peter

    (UK), G.-K. Plattner (Switzerland), J. Räisänen (Finland), A. Rinke (Germany), E. Roeckner (Germany in the 21st Century ............. 764 10.3.3 Changes in Ocean/Ice and High-Latitude Climate

  4. Annihilators for the class group of a cyclic field of prime power degree II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuèera, Radan

    and Radan Kucera Abstract We prove, for a field K which is cyclic of odd prime power degree over]. To explain the significance of our main result (for more details and for references, see [GK2]) we use a bit

  5. Constrained Dogleg Methods for nonlinear systems with simple ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 24, 2009 ... test the numerical features of this method and perform a comparison with the .... We remark that (iii) implies the constraint compatibility of gk: this property ..... chemical equilibrium systems given in [21, 20, 26] (from Pb12 to ...

  6. done

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1&+' "%&'()*&+ "%&'()*+,*+-(%*'B"%&'(C%2,1&-2&D(*26%((E&F*11*:%'GA*&'(2(*(E& H5 I&,-+(&'( *F J'&+GK BILJC %' E*,&2 (E-( *6+...

  7. HCNG Engine Testing and HCNG Vehicle Marketing in China

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2800rmin 540N.m1400rmin 225gkW.h Europe Injected HCNGCNG Supply System mixer Turbo-charger Air filter Solenoid valve Second stage reducer first stage reducer filter High...

  8. Microsoft Word - Additional links

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    www.sciencedirect.comsciencearticlepii0269749194900701 c. Peterson, M.J., J.G. Smith, G.R. Southworth, M.G. Ryon, and G.K. Eddlemon. Trace Element Contamination in Benthic...

  9. Quantum Information and Computation, Vol. 6, No. 4&5 (2006) 436454 c Rinton Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Leary, Dianne P.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sciences, Institute for Defense Analyses Bowie, MD 20715-4300 D.P. O'LEARY Department of Computer Science-universal. A recent paper [S.Bullock, D.O'Leary, and G.K. Brennen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 230502 (2005)] describes, A-6020, Innsbruck, Austria. 436 #12;G.K. Brennen, S.S. Bullock, and D.P. O'Leary 437 thought

  10. Epitaxial growth and characterization of Eu{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3} thin films by off-axis sputtering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kwon, Daeyoung; Wu, Youngsu; Kim, Bongju [Department of Physics and Research Center for Dielectric and Advanced Matter Physics, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Bog G. [Department of Physics and Research Center for Dielectric and Advanced Matter Physics, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Advanced Materials Science, University of Tokyo, Chiba 277-8561 (Japan); Hwang, Harold Y. [Department of Advanced Materials Science, University of Tokyo, Chiba 277-8561 (Japan); Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi 332-0012 (Japan)

    2009-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the epitaxial growth and physical properties of Eu{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3} (ESCO) thin films deposited on (001) LaAlO{sub 3} (LAO) and (001) SrTiO{sub 3} (STO) substrates by off-axis rf sputtering. The magnetic properties of a grown film are governed by the crystallinity of the thin film and strain effects due to the substrate. The temperature-dependent resistivity of an optimized ESCO thin film on a LAO substrate shows a characteristic sudden decrease near the ferromagnetic transition temperature, indicating metallic double-exchange-like behavior, while the resistivity of ESCO on a STO substrate displays insulatinglike behavior because of substrate strain. These results suggest that optimized ESCO film on LAO is ideal as a bottom electrode for strained dielectric and ferroelectric heterostructures.

  11. Clinical utility of a multigated modified anterior projection in the detection of left ventricular inferior and apical wall motion abnormalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polak, J.F.; Bianco, J.A.; Kemper, A.J.; Tow, D.E.

    1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent evidence indicates that the left anterior oblique projection (LAO) multigated radionuclide ventriculogram (RVG) underestimates presence and extent of apical and inferior left ventricular (LV) wall motion abnormalities. We investigated, prospectively, the sensitivity and specificity of a modified anterior projection (MAP), which incorporates cephalad tilting. Thirty-three consecutive patients undergoing cardiac catheterization suspected to have coronary artery disease were studied with RVG, using both the MAP and LAO views. LAO views were analyzed using the ejection fraction image (REFI), and the regional ejection fraction (REF) of the inferoapical region. The MAP studies were analyzed using stroke volume image (SVI) to evaluate apical and inferior LV regions. Results were as follows: (Formula: see text), Both intraobserver and interobserver variabilities were comparable to those of conventional angiographic studies used in detection of apical and inferior asynergy. It is concluded that the multigated MAP offers additional information about abnormalities of the LV inferior and apical regions.

  12. Protein structure and hydration probed by SANS and osmotic stress

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rau, Dr. Donald [National Institutes of Health

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interactions governing protein folding, stability, recognition, and activity are mediated by hydration. Here, we use small-angle neutron scattering coupled with osmotic stress to investigate the hydration of two proteins, lysozyme and guanylate kinase (GK), in the presence of solutes. By taking advantage of the neutron contrast variation that occurs upon addition of these solutes, the number of protein-associated (solute-excluded) water molecules can be estimated from changes in both the zero-angle scattering intensity and the radius of gyration. Poly(ethylene glycol) exclusion varies with molecular weight. This sensitivity can be exploited to probe structural features such as the large internal GK cavity. For GK, small-angle neutron scattering is complemented by isothermal titration calorimetry with osmoticstress to also measure hydration changes accompanying ligand binding. These results provide a framework for studying other biomolecular systems and assemblies using neutron scattering together with osmotic stress.

  13. 3!85%b%G%k$K$h$k%P%$%h%s;1!B:4i$N2r@O$H@):nG 3D Shape Analysis of Bayon Faces to Reveal Their Historical Background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    that are useful for inspecting and classifying objects. The Bayon temple, which consists of 52 towers, is one of the most well-known buildings of the Angkor monument in Cambodia. The temple is famous for its towers which/$h$j3+;O$7!$ 8=:$^$G$K4 2s$N7WB,%%C%7%g%s$r9T$C$?!%0d@WA4B %G%k2=$K2C$(!$$9$Y$F$NB:4i$r%b%G%k2=$7$F

  14. Steady wave drift force on basic objects of symmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Anupam

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    -handed coordinate system located at the still water level which can be expressed as () ( ) {} cosh ,,, exp cos sin 2cosh + =+?? ? ? ? kz d gH x yzt i i k x y t kd ? ??? ? (12) where g is the gravitational acceleration, H is wave height and here... the x direction is 12 () () () cosh ,,, cos exp cos sin 2co cos + =? + ?? ? ? ? = kz d gkH uxyzt ikx y t kd ik ? ??? ? ?? (13) and along the y direction is () ( ) () cosh ,,, sin exp cos sin 2cos sin + =? + ?? ? ? ? = kz d gk...

  15. Nanostructured shells DOI: 10.1002/smll.200600098

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    by Replicating ZnO Nano-objects: A Technique for Producing Hollow Nanostructures of Desired Shape** Jun Zhou, Jin Liu, Rusen Yang, Changshi Lao, Puxian Gao, Rao Tummala, Ning Sheng Xu, and Zhong Lin Wang* Hollow-con- fined nanoscale reactions and transport processes. The sim- plest hollow structures are nanoparticle

  16. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina Angola Armenia Bolivia Benin Azerbaijan Senegal Syria Seychelles Taiwan (Republic of China) Sierra Leone Tajikistan Somalia Thailand South Africa Kazakhstan Guinea Korea (North) Guinea-Bissau Korea (South) Kenya Kuwait Lesotho Kyrgyzstan Liberia Lao PDR

  17. 285 2010 ISZS, Blackwell Publishing and IOZ/CAS Integrative Zoology 2010; 5: 285-299

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dever, Jennifer A.

    and climate change. The overarching challenge of tiger conservation, and the conservation of biodiversity, increasing demand for natural resources, massive infrastructure expansion and climate change have placed, Lao, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thai- doi: 10.1111/j.1749-4877.2010.00214.x #12;286 © 2010 ISZS

  18. Conductance control at the LaAlO{sub 3}/SrTiO{sub 3}-interface by a multiferroic BiFeO{sub 3} ad-layer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mix, Christian; Finizio, Simone; Kläui, Mathias; Jakob, Gerhard [Institut für Physik, Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz, Staudingerweg 7, D-55128 Mainz (Germany)

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Multilayered BiFeO{sub 3} (BFO)/LaAlO{sub 3} (LAO) thin film samples were fabricated on SrTiO{sub 3} (STO) substrates by pulsed laser deposition. In this work, the ferroelectric polarization of a multiferroic BFO ad-layer on top of the quasi-two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) at the LAO/STO interface is used to manipulate the conductivity of the quasi-2DEG. By microstructuring the conductive area of the LAO/STO-interface, a four-point geometry for the measurement of the resistivity was achieved. Piezo force microscopy allows for imaging and poling the spontaneous ferroelectric polarization of the multiferroic layer. The resistance changes showed a linear dependence on the area scanned and a hysteretic behavior with respect to the voltages applied in the scanning process. This is evidence for the ferroelectric polarization of the multiferroic causing the resistance changes. Coupling the antiferromagnetic BFO layer to another ferromagnetic layer could enable a magnetic field control of the conductance of the quasi-2DEG at the LAO/STO interface.

  19. Algebra Linear -Exercicios resolvidos Exercicio 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dias, Esmeralda Sousa

    ´Algebra Linear - Exerc´icios resolvidos Exerc´icio 1: Sejam E = L({(1, 1, 1), (1, 2, 2)}) e F = L~ao de E F ´e 1. Exerc´icio 2: No espa¸co dos polin´omios reais de grau menor ou igual a 3, P3

  20. Influence of perovskite termination on oxide heteroepitaxy D. A. Schmidta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olmstead, Marjorie

    Influence of perovskite termination on oxide heteroepitaxy D. A. Schmidta Department of Physics exhibits mixed La­O and Al­O2 surface terminations at 400 °C. Heteroepitaxial TiO2, grown by evaporating Ti, regardless of termination, indicating that the substrate cations and perovskite surface polarity play little

  1. New Strontium-based Bioactive Glasses: Physicochemical Reactivity and Delivering Capability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    products capable of stimulating cellular responses. In this paper, we report a complete evaluation of Biologically Active Dissolution Products Jonathan Lao , Edouard Jallot , and Jean-Marie Nedelec Laboratoire-doped glasses in treatment of osteoporosis and tissue engineering. hal-00395384,version1-15Jun2009 #12

  2. Air America: Upholding the Airmen's Bond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kilgard, Michael P.

    Air America: Upholding the Airmen's Bond April 18, 2009 The University of Texas at Dallas Conference Center Auditorium A Symposium to Acknowledge and Commemorate Air America Rescue Efforts during with Air America Senior Operations Officer, CIA, Retired 2 p.m. Laos Rescues: Lima Site 85 Dr. Tim Castle

  3. 2008 NIST Center for Neutron Research Accomplishments and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gax (Galfenol), H. Cao, et al. 14 Tuning the Magnetocaloric Properties of the Magnetic Refrigerant Mn HIGHLIGHTS CONDENSED MATTER 8 Magnetic Order versus Superconductivity in the Iron-based La(O1-x Fx )FeAs Systems, C. de la Cruz, et al. 10 Competing Magnetic Interactions, Frustration, and the Structural Phase

  4. The Emergence of Daoism: Creation of Tradition GIL RAZ. Routledge Studies in Taoism. Abingdon, New York: Routledge, 2012.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    are praiseworthy. Reading the core chapters of the book, sophisticated and often allusive, will be a challenge the Scripture of the Transformations of Master Lao (Laozi bianhua jing ), whose authorship remains unknown (pp phenomena (p. 18). No doubt this latest 2 In the remarks concluding my "Latter Han Religious Mass Movements

  5. Approche spatiale des inga lits d'exposition environnementale et socio-conomiques. Quelle influence su r les ingalits de cancer ? Projet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (CIRCE) D. Valdes-Lao a , C. De clercq b , A. Cicolella a , A. Sasco c , O. Blanchard a , L. Mosqueron a , A. Trugeon d , I. Gremy e , P. Pepin e , O. Guye f , A. So nko f , M. Colonna g , J. Caudeville

  6. K16 -Analyser les ingalits spatio-temporelles de cancer pour mieux comprendre le lien cancer environnement. Le projet Cancer ingalits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Sasco b , D. Valdes-Lao a , A. Trugeon c , C. Declercq d , I. Grémy e , P. Pépin e , O. Guye f , A. So nko f , M. Colonna g , O. Blanchard a , L. Mos queron a , J. Caudeville a , J.-B. Masson a , G

  7. Activities in History of Mathematics in Utrecht in the year Personnel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hogendijk, Jan P.

    Activities in History of Mathematics in Utrecht in the year 2011 Contents: · Personnel · National of Mathematics in Utrecht University (0,5 full professor, 0,5 associate professor). Mr. Goossen Karssenberg (GK, was awarded a prize because of the project she did in Utrecht and therefore she will be mentioned

  8. A Family of Subgradient-Based Methods for Convex Optimization ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    at any point y ? Q and a lower approximation lf (y;·) at the same point is defined by lf (y;x) := f(y) + ?g(y),x ? y?,. ?x ? Q. For a test point xk ? Q, we denote gk ...

  9. J. Chem. Sci., Vol. 119, No. 2, March 2007, pp. 6169. Indian Academy of Sciences. *For correspondence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    correspondence Identification of intermediate species in protein-folding by quantitative analysis of amplitudes Campus, Bangalore 565 065 e-mail: {peri, gk}@tifr.res.in Abstract. In protein-folding studies it is often studied by the several steady-state spectroscopic methods that are popular in protein-folding studies

  10. ELSEVIER Physica C 341-348 (2000)193-194 www.elsevier.nl/locale/physc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsak, Anton

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are based on the self-consistent Born approximation (SCBA) for the self-energy and the wave function of the t- J Hamiltonian [2] and on the SCBA for calcu- lating the Green's function Gk(~) [2 all momentum de- pendence of 5nk in the SCBA with 7 = 0. Figure 2. Perturbative result 5n(1), Eq. (4

  11. CURRICULUM VITAE ROSEMARY JOSEPHINE SMITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Rosemary J.

    CURRICULUM VITAE ROSEMARY JOSEPHINE SMITH Department of Biological Sciences Idaho State University Annual GK-12 Program Media Award (presented by the National Science Foundation) 2007 Nominee for CASE U- Rosemary J. Smith Page 2 2 Graduate Courses: (the following six courses repeat after three years) Seminars

  12. Biogeosciences, 6, 515533, 2009 www.biogeosciences.net/6/515/2009/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fortunat, Joos

    in the Arctic projected with the NCAR global coupled carbon cycle-climate model M. Steinacher1, F. Joos1,2, T. L. Fr¨olicher1, G.-K. Plattner1,*, and S. C. Doney3 1Climate and Environmental Physics, Physics Institute, University of Bern, Sidlerstrasse 5, 3012 Bern, Switzerland 2Oeschger Centre for Climate Change

  13. OC$78@MU%3!<%Q%9$N7ABVAG2r@O Fb85 @65. y LnH* <~ y ;3ED FF y 4X:, Ao z 0f:486 6Q y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekine, Satoshi

    $rkJ}K! (Nc$($P (3) $J$I) $G$"$j!"$b$&0l$D$O L$CN8l$G$b2r@O$G$­$k$h$&$J%b%G%k$r:n@.$9$kJ}K! (Nc$( $P (4, 5) $J$I) $G$"$k!#$3$3$G!"A0

  14. THE INSTITUTE OF ELECTRONICS, INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takiguchi, Tetsuya

    %T%e!¡%?%S%8%g%sJ,Ln$K1~MQ$5$l$F$ $k¡jK! [8] $G$"$k!% Graph Cuts $rMQ$$$?%;%0%a%s%F!¡%7%g%s¡jK!$H$7$F

  15. PERSISTENCE MODELING FOR THE POTOMAC AND ADJACENT RIVERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    alternatives. The analysis is conducted on a case study basis on data pertaining to: 1. The Patuxent River near#12;PERSISTENCE MODELING FOR THE POTOMAC AND ADJACENT RIVERS By G.K. Young 1 and R.U. Jettmar2 and Recommendations 20 References 22 Acknowledgements 24 LIST OF FIGURES 1. Analysis Flow 9 2. Critical Patuxent Flows

  16. Nice, Cte d'Azur, France, 27-29 September 2006 TIMA Editions/THERMINIC 2006 -page-ISBN: 2-916187-04-9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , such as a laptop, now includes the technical performances of the computer but also the comfort it is maintaining issue especially with the increasing usage, and power, of portable electronics. CFD analyses can help 231 2 (5) Where Gk represents the generation of turbulence kinetic energy due to the mean velocity

  17. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque Cl, supplment au n10, Tome 43, octobre 1982 page Cl-35}

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    circuits used in flat-panel displays. Such films have been successfully formed by selective melting from the melt with a resultant large increase in the average grain size. In these experiments a laser} MICROELECTRONICS APPLICATIONS OF DEPOSITED Si FILMS RECRYSTALLIZED FROM THE MELT G.K. Celler and L.E. Trimble Bell

  18. A mathematical model of a Zn/Br? cell on charge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mader, Michael Joseph

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    technique such as Simpson's rule is not applicable. Instead. the average current density should actually be calculated as a Riemann sum (19). That is. &nnaug = P tng (k) &c(k) k= 1 )14 v:here t, g(k) is the current density of reaction j associated...

  19. Seaweed Identification in Intertidal Zones Grade Level: 4th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as a culminating activity for the MARE/GK12 unit on kelp forests. It is difficult to take students underwater to a kelp forest. However, kelp forests contain a diversity of species of algae, or seaweed, which exhibit an appreciation for kelps and other algae in the kelp forest. It is also possible, at times, to see torn up kelp

  20. Glacier Recession Prepared by Joni L. Kincaid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glacier Recession Prepared by Joni L. Kincaid for the Advancing Geospatial Skills in Science funded by the National Science Foundation's GK-12 Program. Spring, 2007 #12;Glacier: a large mass of ice Line Glacier How do glaciers form? Glaciers form in locations where the snow does not melt over

  1. Problem Set 5, Fall 2013 Directions: The problem set is due in class on Monday Dec. 2. If you collaborate with other students,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Morris R.

    continuity, Darcy's Law, the heat equation and an equation of state, the steady governing equations equations (2) and (3) can be combined to eliminate the fluid pressure, i.e. k u y - v x = g 0 y . (7) (ii. Apply (10) in (8) and thereby derive the following equation relating A and B: B = A gk F0k (D)2 1

  2. How important are branching decisions: fooling MIP solvers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 21, 2014 ... building Gk by adding one P1 and k ? 1 P2's in a disconnected fashion. ... row permutations (to reduce the impact of performance variability [11]). ... cost branching is a history-based rule that tries to predict the score that strong.

  3. Short-distance dispersal behavior and establishment of the parasitoid Gonatocerus ashmeadi (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) in Tahiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoddle, Mark S.

    vitripennis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) J.N. Petit a,*, M.S. Hoddle b , J. Grandgirard a , G.K. Roderick c , N Homalodisca vitripennis (Germar) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae). The short-distance dispersal of G. ashmeadi (Germar) [formerly Homalodisca coagulata (Say) (Takiya et al., 2006)] (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) is a seri

  4. Land use change and soil nutrient transformations in the Los Haitises region of the Dominican Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Templer, Pamela

    . Potential denitrification, microbial biomass C and N, and microbial respiration gK1 dry soil were mineralization, net nitrification, microbial biomass C, and microbial respiration were all significantly greater activity and C storage through its effect on SOM quality and quantity. While agriculture can significantly

  5. When Stars Blow Up What Stars Explode?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Frederick M.

    #12;GK Per = Nova Per 1901 #12;Novae Thermonuclear detonations on a white dwarf ·Hydrogen accumulates the temperature reaches a few MK, fusion begins ·Degenerate fusion is a runaway. ·All the H fuses to He

  6. ESD Publications 1995-2002 Sorted by year, pub type, first author

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Dunbar, N.W., G.K. Jacobs, and M.T. Naney, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. ARTICLE: Crystallization Processes. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 1995. 120(3-4): p. 412- 425. 15. Faulkner, J.S., Y. Wang, and G.M. Stocks, Phys

  7. Myocardin Regulates Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Inflammatory Activation and Disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ackers-Johnson, Matthew; Talasila, Amarnath; Sage, Andrew P.; Long, Xiaochun; Bot, Ilze; Morrell, Nicholas W.; Bennett, Martin R.; Miano, Joseph M.; Sinha, Sanjay

    2015-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    EN, Owens GK. 2003. Myocardin is a key regulator of CArG-dependent transcription of multiple smooth muscle marker genes. Circ Res 92:856-864. 40. Gallagher G, Eskdale J, Jordan W, Peat J, Campbell J, Boniotto M, Lennon GP, Dickensheets H, Donnelly...

  8. Engineering There has been quite a debate over the last few

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    effective way to cultivate microalgae on the large scale. One group of researchers is convinced investigator for a NSF GK-12 engineering program. Seminar Cultivation Strategies for Microalgae to Produce February 3, 2012 at 1:15pm in SCOB 228 School for Engineering of Matter, Transport & Energy #12;

  9. AgriculturAl lAnd ApplicAtion of Biosolids in VirginiA: risks And concerns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    in VirginiA: risks And concerns G.K. Evanylo, ExtEnsion spEcialist, DEpartmEnt of crop anD soil EnvironmEntal and organic matter for improving soil tilth, water-holding capacity, soil aeration, and an energy source. Transportation and application scheduling that is compatible with agricultural planting, harvesting, and possible

  10. Application of the gamma evaluation method in Gamma Knife film dosimetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, Jeong-Hoon; Han, Jung Ho; Kim, Chae-Yong; Oh, Chang Wan; Lee, Do-Heui; Suh, Tae-Suk; Gyu Kim, Dong; Chung, Hyun-Tai [Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam 463-707, Korea and Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea Seoul 137-701 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam 463-707, Korea and Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul 110-799 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Neurosurgery, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul 138-736 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Biomedical Engineering and Research Institute of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 137-701 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul 110-799 (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Gamma Knife (GK) radiosurgery is a minimally invasive surgical technique for the treatment of intracranial lesions. To minimize neurological deficits, submillimeter accuracy is required during treatment delivery. In this paper, the delivery accuracy of GK radiosurgery was assessed with the gamma evaluation method using planning dose distribution and film measurement data. Methods: Single 4, 8, and 16 mm and composite shot plans were developed for evaluation using the GK Perfexion (PFX) treatment planning system (TPS). The planning dose distributions were exported as digital image communications in medicine - radiation therapy (DICOM RT) files using a new function of GK TPS. A maximum dose of 8 Gy was prescribed for four test plans. Irradiation was performed onto a spherical solid water phantom using Gafchromic EBT2 films in the axial and coronal planes. The exposed films were converted to absolute dose based on a 4th-order polynomial calibration curve determined using ten calibration films. The film measurement results and planning dose distributions were registered for further analysis in the same Leksell coordinate using in-house software. The gamma evaluation method was applied to two dose distributions with varying spatial tolerance (0.3-2.0 mm) and dosimetric tolerance (0.3-2.0%), to verify the accuracy of GK radiosurgery. The result of gamma evaluation was assessed using pass rate, dose gamma index histogram (DGH), and dose pass rate histogram (DPH). Results: The 20, 50, and 80% isodose lines found in film measurements were in close agreement with the planning isodose lines, for all dose levels. The comparison of diagonal line profiles across the axial plane yielded similar results. The gamma evaluation method resulted in high pass rates of >95% within the 50% isodose line for 0.5 mm/0.5% tolerance criteria, in both the axial and coronal planes. They satisfied 1.0 mm/1.0% criteria within the 20% isodose line. Our DGH and DPH also showed that low isodose lines exhibited inferior gamma indexes and pass rates compared with higher isodose lines. Conclusions: The gamma evaluation method was applicable to GK radiosurgery. For all test plans, planning dose distribution and film measurement met the tolerance criteria of 0.5 mm/0.5% within the 50% isodose line which are used for marginal dose prescription.

  11. Defects in nonpolar (134{sup ¯}0) ZnO epitaxial film grown on (114) LaAlO{sub 3} substrate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yen, Tzu-Chun, E-mail: yen198300@gmail.com; Wang, Wei-Lin; Peng, Chun-Yen; Tian, Jr-Sheng; Ho, Yen-Teng; Chang, Li [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China)

    2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The defects in (134{sup ¯}0)ZnO epitaxial film grown on (114)LaAlO{sub 3} (LAO) have been systematically investigated by using transmission electron microscopy. At the ZnO/LAO interface, the Burgers vectors of misfit dislocations are identified to be 1/3[1{sup ¯}21{sup ¯}0] and 1/2[0001]. Threading dislocations with the Burgers vectors of 1/3?112{sup ¯}0? and ?0001? are distributed on the basal plane. In (134{sup ¯}0)ZnO film, the predominant planar defects are basal stacking faults (BSFs) with 1/6?202{sup ¯}3? displacement vectors. The densities of dislocations and BSFs are about 3.8?×?10{sup 10}?cm{sup ?2} and 3.1?×?10{sup 5}?cm{sup ?1}, respectively.

  12. Demonstration of high-performance negative central magnetic shear discharges in the DIII-D tokamak*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauel, Michael E.

    * B. W. Rice,,a) K. H. Burrell, L. L. Lao, G. Navratil,b) B. W. Stallard,a) E. J. Strait, T. S. Taylor, M. E. Austin,c) T. A. Casper,a) M. S. Chu, C. B. Forest, P. Gohil, R. J. Groebner, W. W. Heidbrink,d) A. W. Hyatt, H. Ikezi, R. J. La Haye, E. A. Lazarus,e) Y. R. Lin-Liu, M. E. Mauel,b) W. H. Meyer

  13. Observation of the structural phase transition in manganite films by magneto-optical imaging.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crabtree, G. W.; Lin, Y.; Miller, D. J.; Nikitenko, V. I.; Vlasko-Vlasov, V. K.; Welp, U.

    1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A high-resolution magneto-optical imaging technique is used to reveal the formation of twins occurring during a martensitic phase transition at {approximately}105K in LCMO films grown on STO substrates. The magnetic contrast arises due to the magneto-elastic tilts of the Mn - magnetic moments in the twins. Different magnetic structures are found in LCMO films grown on MgO, NGO, and LAO substrates showing the importance of the substrate material for the manganite film properties.

  14. INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 15 (2004) 404409 PII: S0957-4484(04)70484-5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for applications in solar cell [14], photo-catalysts [15], etc. One-dimensional ZnO nanowires have a lower (mixture of ZnO and graphite powder)-to-collector (graphite flakes) ratio, etc. We also report a detailed-4484(04)70484-5 Synthesis and photoluminescence studies on ZnO nanowires D Banerjee1 , J Y Lao1 , D Z Wang1 , J Y Huang1 , D

  15. Tuning the Electron Gas at an Oxide Heterointerface via Free Surface Charges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, Christopher

    2011-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Oxide heterointerfaces are emerging as one of the most exciting materials systems in condensed matter science. One remarkable example is the LaAlO{sub 3}/SrTiO{sub 3} (LAO/STO) interface, a model system in which a highly mobile electron gas forms between two band insulators, exhibiting two dimensional superconductivity and unusual magnetotransport properties. An ideal tool to tune such an electron gas is the electrostatic field effect. In principle, the electrostatic field can be generated by bound charges due to polarization (as in the normal and ferroelectric field effects) or by adding excess free charge. In previous studies, a large modulation of the carrier density and mobility of the LAO/STO interface has been achieved using the normal field effect. However, little attention has been paid to the field effect generated by free charges. This issue is scarcely addressed, even in conventional semiconductor devices, since the free charges are typically not stable. Here, we demonstrate an unambiguous tuning of the LAO/STO interface conductivity via free surface charges written using conducting atomic force microscopy (AFM). The modulation of the carrier density was found to be reversible, nonvolatile and surprisingly large, {approx}3 x 10{sup 13} cm{sup -2}, comparable to the maximum modulation by the normal field effect. Our finding reveal the efficiency of free charges in controlling the conductivity of this oxide interface, and suggest that this technique may be extended more generally to other oxide systems.

  16. Effect of the counterrotating-wave terms on the spontaneous emission from a multilevel atom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Zheng-Hong; Wang, Da-Wei; Zheng, Hang; Zhu, Shi-Yao; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    #2;#6;#14;#1;t#2;#7;t= = #8;#14;#1;t#2;#6;#5; k,k#1; bk ?bk#1;e i#2;kte?i#2;k#1;t#6;#14;#1;t#2;#7;t= = #5; k #15;k#1;#1; #2;#15;k#1; #2; = #18; ? D#1;#2;k#2; #15;k#1;#1; #2;#15;k#1; #2; gk 2 d#2;k =#18; d#2;kS#1;#2;k#2; , #1.... BASIC THEORY The interaction between a multilevel atom and the vacuum reservoir can be described by the Hamiltonian #1;set- ting #1;=1#2; H = H0 + H1, #1;1#2; H0 = #5; i #2;i#6;i#7;#8;i#6; + #5; k #2;kbk ?bk, #1;2#2; H1 = #5; i,j#1;i,k gk...

  17. Experience Base D ev iat io n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Doo-Hwan

    G O P G V G _ W G OP G V G _ W G OP G V G _ W G OP G V G _ W G O P G d G Y \\ G O L PP G d G Y \\ G O O L PP G d G \\ W G O L PP G d G \\ W G O L PP G d G \\ W G O L P · · · · · · k Gk Gk (2/2) lGlGlGlG SGSGSGSG SSSS lGlGlGlG · · · · · · · · · · a Ga Ga Ga G · a G _ W L Ga G _ W L Ga G

  18. Nonlinear Gyrokinetics: A Powerful Tool for the Description of Microturbulence in Magnetized Plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John E. Krommes

    2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Gyrokinetics is the description of low-frequency dynamics in magnetized plasmas. In magnetic-confinement fusion, it provides the most fundamental basis for numerical simulations of microturbulence; there are astrophysical applications as well. In this tutorial, a sketch of the derivation of the novel dynamical system comprising the nonlinear gyrokinetic (GK) equation (GKE) and the coupled electrostatic GK Poisson equation will be given by using modern Lagrangian and Lie perturbation methods. No background in plasma physics is required in order to appreciate the logical development. The GKE describes the evolution of an ensemble of gyrocenters moving in a weakly inhomogeneous background magnetic field and in the presence of electromagnetic perturbations with wavelength of the order of the ion gyroradius. Gyrocenters move with effective drifts, which may be obtained by an averaging procedure that systematically, order by order, removes gyrophase dependence. To that end, the use of the Lagrangian differential one-form as well as the content and advantages of Lie perturbation theory will be explained. The electromagnetic fields follow via Maxwell's equations from the charge and current density of the particles. Particle and gyrocenter densities differ by an important polarization effect. That is calculated formally by a "pull-back" (a concept from differential geometry) of the gyrocenter distribution to the laboratory coordinate system. A natural truncation then leads to the closed GK dynamical system. Important properties such as GK energy conservation and fluctuation noise will be mentioned briefly, as will the possibility (and diffculties) of deriving nonlinear gyro fluid equations suitable for rapid numerical solution -- although it is probably best to directly simulate the GKE. By the end of the tutorial, students should appreciate the GKE as an extremely powerful tool and will be prepared for later lectures describing its applications to physical problems.

  19. Analytical and Experimental Studies of Drag Embedment Anchors and Suction Caissons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beemer, Ryan

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    NtHBtaHsrOMmtdeOoGBr UOFGBHhOtHuGOHAesOiGOimtdeOKoObtKAHocOsu&sfAtHHoOKoO&tysdiuObGyOimsAyOKGytHOuB&&GyiOtdhO bAdtdfAtHOtAhrOMmtdeOoGBcOUOfGBHhOdGiOmtNsOfGK&HsishOimAuOFAimOGBiOoGBrOLdhOt&&ysfAtiAGdO vGsuOiGOKoOuAaHAdvuOtdhOvytdh&tysdiuObGyOimsAyOAdisysui...

  20. Molecular and biochemical characterization of three lipoxygenases in maize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nemchenko, Andriy

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    6 5 0 Zm LO X1 0 (5 95) P H F R Y TME IN AL AR EAL IN AD GI IEE SF WP GK YA VEL SS VA YG ATW QF DT Zm LO X1 1 (60 0) P 6 H F R Y TME IN AL AR EAL IN AD GI IEE SF WP GR YA VEL SS AA YG ATW QF DT 5 1...

  1. Dose characterization of the rad source 2400 x-ray irradiator 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Jennifer Ann Koop

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair of Committee, John Ford Committee Members, Eugene Blythe Leslie A. Braby Keith Maggert John W. Poston, Sr. Head of Department, Raymond Juzaitis.... Poston, Dr. Braby, Dr. Maggert, and Dr. Blythe for providing feedback and for serving on my committee. Thanks to the National Science Foundation?s GK-12 program for providing me an assistantship that allowed me to pay my bills while I did this research...

  2. Carbon Sequestration in Reclaimed Mined Soils of Ohio

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M.K. Shukla; K. Lorenz; R. Lal

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Assessment of soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration potential of reclaimed minesoils (RMS) is important for preserving environmental quality and increasing agronomic yields. The mechanism of physical SOC sequestration is achieved by encapsulation of SOC in spaces within macro and microaggregates. The experimental sites, owned and maintained by American Electrical Power, were characterized by distinct age chronosequences of reclaimed minesoils and were located in Guernsey, Morgan, Noble, and Muskingum Counties of Ohio. These sites were reclaimed both with and without topsoil application, and were under continuous grass or forest cover. In this report results are presented from the sites reclaimed in 1994 (R94-F), in 1987 (R87-G), in 1982 (R82-F), in 1978 (R78-G), in 1969 (R69-F), in1956 (R56-G), and from the unmined control (UMS-G). Three sites are under continuous grass cover and three under forest cover since reclamation. The samples were air dried and fractionated using a wet sieving technique into macro (> 2.0 mm), meso (0.25-2.0 mm) and microaggregates (0.053-0.25 mm). The soil C and N concentrations were determined by the dry combustion method on these aggregate fractions. Soil C and N concentrations were higher at the forest sites compared to the grass sites in each aggregate fraction for both depths. Statistical analyses indicated that the number of random samples taken was probably not sufficient to properly consider distribution of SOC and TN concentrations in aggregate size fractions for both depths at each site. Erosional effects on SOC and TN concentrations were, however, small. With increasing time since reclamation, SOC and total nitrogen (TN) concentrations also increased. The higher C and N concentrations in each aggregate size fraction in older than the newly reclaimed sites demonstrated the C sink capacity of newer sites.

  3. Merging hydraulics with biology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thorncraft, Garry; Baumgartner, Lee J.; Boys, Craig A.; Brown, Richard S.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research staff are now working with developers in Lao PDR and Australia to ensure design criteria is optimised at time of construction. Research is presently underway on a suite of Mekong and Murray-Darling species to identify critical tolerances of shear and pressure. Work in the USA is also being expanded to lamprey and white sturgeon in an effort to increase the understanding beyond salmon species. Researchers and developers are hopeful of constructing the first fish-friendly hydro plants within the next two years. Pending favourable outcomes, the expansion of this technology to other sites and river systems is the ultimate development outcome.

  4. New Concept for Industrial Energy/Utility Values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, W. J.

    -up for emergencies and waste heat ooiler outages. It is also inflated because all steam fran waste heat ooilers is credited at full offsite boiler steam cost. Detennining an equitable value for a utility, particularly steam, is a canp1ex problem involving many... with three 500 klb/hr offsite boilers i operating normally at 400 klb/hr total in at system that has 1150 klb/hr of CO and waste t boiler steam production. I lao PSIG o---%-.~7~::-----,-....L_----r-_--I.._+---o 1&0 PSIG o--'--:";-;:::--~':'::'-"T:"13...

  5. Gravity modeling of the Song Hong basin: an insight into its crustal structure and implication for the formation of the basin 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Vu Giang

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    measurements 18 105' 106' 107 108 109 110' 22' 0. C INA 22' 21 21' 20 ETN M 19 18 O -20 O . '~0 0- HAINAM 19' 18' 17 LAO 17 16 16 15 106 107' 108 109' 110' 15' Figure 8: Bouguer gravity anomaly onland and free air anomaly at sea map...' Ao 16 15 0 4, ~ o I Qoo 1O5' 1O6' 107' 108' 109 110 16 15' Figure 9: Topography of the Song Hong basin area. Contour interval 10 m for the water depth at sea and 200m for the topography on land (ETOPO 5). Water depth is used in terrain...

  6. The quasi-periodic nature of wall slip for molten plastics in large amplitude oscillatory shear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adrian, David Warren

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is not to be confused with a quasi-periodic spectrum like Figure 15 because of its strong continuous component. 0. 01 X 0. 001 0. 0001 0. 2 0. 4 0. 6 f (Hz) Figure 14. Chaotic amplitude spectrum of Duffing's equation. 0. 1 0. 01 X 0. 001 0. 0001 1E-05 0... amplitude spectrum for a viscoelastic melt in LAOS 6. Pipkin diagram, adapted from Dealy and Wissbrun (1990), 14 showing the regimes of oscillatory shear for a viscoelastic melt . . . . 15 7. Time domain plot of the quasi-periodic forced van der Pol...

  7. The effect of topography on the Yucatan Current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molinari, Robert Lucian

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4 I M . 2500) N Ml. 5e . 10 50 . 1500/N. Mla Sec. 5000/N Ml Sec 500 0! N Ml- 5e . 7500/N. MI- 5 c 10 20 50 eo SO BO TO BO 50 100 No 120 150 lao 150 Figure 3, The quarter wave f oh represented by [( ) h, VELOCIT'I I 0 /Sec ) length... and inertial currents. Jour. Mar. Res. , Zl; 3, 147-154. Holland, W. R. (1966). Wind-driven circulation in an ocean with bottom topography. Doctoral Dissertation, Univ. of California: 123 pp. Kreyszig, E. (1962). Advanced ~En ineerin Mathematics. John...

  8. Selected income tax problems of closely-held corporations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunningham, Thomas Martin

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    bah?a Lo ie lahioa for a?a?Lao? 4%IIOII%4o Xa ?X???LyI4I014 ao?$NNLiaaa Lho ?a?La ale 4ivilha?M Ql 145?L or ia party a?C it ia a??alia?a 4iffka?LL to 4L??aaoa hia aoa?X~ owebiaa ks y~m to tha ?awe@ af at?ah h?14 by ?a?he tho ~?L?aay ai11 1Qs?Ig ?a...

  9. The quasi-periodic nature of wall slip for molten plastics in large amplitude oscillatory shear 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adrian, David Warren

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is not to be confused with a quasi-periodic spectrum like Figure 15 because of its strong continuous component. 0. 01 X 0. 001 0. 0001 0. 2 0. 4 0. 6 f (Hz) Figure 14. Chaotic amplitude spectrum of Duffing's equation. 0. 1 0. 01 X 0. 001 0. 0001 1E-05 0... amplitude spectrum for a viscoelastic melt in LAOS 6. Pipkin diagram, adapted from Dealy and Wissbrun (1990), 14 showing the regimes of oscillatory shear for a viscoelastic melt . . . . 15 7. Time domain plot of the quasi-periodic forced van der Pol...

  10. Lapeer County, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind Energy Development Jump to:Wave PowerLaos: EnergyLapeer

  11. Laporte, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind Energy Development Jump to:Wave PowerLaos:

  12. LappinTech LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind Energy Development Jump to:Wave PowerLaos:LappinTech LLC

  13. Laramie County, Wyoming: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind Energy Development Jump to:Wave PowerLaos:LappinTech

  14. Laramie, Wyoming: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLao InstituteLaramie,

  15. Larankelo | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLao

  16. Laredo Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLaoLaredo Ridge Wind Farm

  17. Laredo, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLaoLaredo Ridge Wind

  18. Larimer County, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLaoLaredo Ridge

  19. Las Cruces, New Mexico: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLaoLaredo

  20. Lassen Volcanic National Park Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLaoLaredoLassen Volcanic

  1. Late Cenozoic Ring Faulting and Volcanism in the Coso Range Area of

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLaoLaredoLassen

  2. Late Cenozoic volcanism, geochronology, and structure of the Coso Range,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLaoLaredoLassenInyo

  3. Latin America Energy Organization Feed | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLaoLaredoLassenInyoEnergy

  4. Hyperglycemia induces elevated expression of thyroid hormone binding protein in vivo in kidney and heart and in vitro in mesangial cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Kafaji, Ghada [Diabetes Research Group, Division of Reproduction and Endocrinology, King's College London (United Kingdom)] [Diabetes Research Group, Division of Reproduction and Endocrinology, King's College London (United Kingdom); Malik, Afshan N., E-mail: afshan.malik@kcl.ac.uk [Diabetes Research Group, Division of Reproduction and Endocrinology, King's College London (United Kingdom)

    2010-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    During a search for glucose-regulated abundant mRNAs in the diabetic rat kidney, we cloned thyroid hormone binding protein (THBP), also known as {mu}-crystallin or CRYM. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of hyperglycemia/high glucose on the expression of THBP. THBP mRNA copy numbers were determined in kidneys and hearts of diabetic GK rats vs normoglycemic Wistar rats, and in human mesangial cells (HMCs) exposed to high glucose using real-time qPCR, and THBP protein levels were measured by Western blotting and immunofluorescence. Intracellular ROS was measured in THBP transfected cells using DCF fluorescence. Hyperglycemia significantly increased THBP mRNA in GK rat kidneys (326 {+-} 50 vs 147 {+-} 54, p < 0.05), and hearts (1583 {+-} 277 vs 191 {+-} 63, p < 0.05). Moreover, the levels of THBP mRNA increased with age and hyperglycemia in GK rat kidneys, whereas in normoglycemic Wistar rat kidneys there was a decline with age. High glucose significantly increased THBP mRNA (92 {+-} 37 vs 18 {+-} 4, p < 0.005), and protein in HMCs. The expression of THBP as a fusion protein in transfected HMCs resulted in reduction of glucose-induced intracellular ROS. We have shown that THBP mRNA is increased in diabetic kidney and heart, is regulated by high glucose in renal cells, and appears to attenuate glucose-induced intracellular ROS. These data suggest that THBP may be involved in the cellular pathways activated in response to glucose. This is the first report linking hyperglycemia with THBP and suggests that the role of THBP in diabetic complications should be further investigated.

  5. THEORETICAL SPECTRA OF TERRESTRIAL EXOPLANET SURFACES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu Renyu; Seager, Sara [Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Ehlmann, Bethany L., E-mail: hury@mit.edu [Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

    2012-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate spectra of airless rocky exoplanets with a theoretical framework that self-consistently treats reflection and thermal emission. We find that a silicate surface on an exoplanet is spectroscopically detectable via prominent Si-O features in the thermal emission bands of 7-13 {mu}m and 15-25 {mu}m. The variation of brightness temperature due to the silicate features can be up to 20 K for an airless Earth analog, and the silicate features are wide enough to be distinguished from atmospheric features with relatively high resolution spectra. The surface characterization thus provides a method to unambiguously identify a rocky exoplanet. Furthermore, identification of specific rocky surface types is possible with the planet's reflectance spectrum in near-infrared broad bands. A key parameter to observe is the difference between K-band and J-band geometric albedos (A{sub g}(K) - A{sub g}(J)): A{sub g}(K) - A{sub g}(J) > 0.2 indicates that more than half of the planet's surface has abundant mafic minerals, such as olivine and pyroxene, in other words primary crust from a magma ocean or high-temperature lavas; A{sub g}(K) - A{sub g}(J) < -0.09 indicates that more than half of the planet's surface is covered or partially covered by water ice or hydrated silicates, implying extant or past water on its surface. Also, surface water ice can be specifically distinguished by an H-band geometric albedo lower than the J-band geometric albedo. The surface features can be distinguished from possible atmospheric features with molecule identification of atmospheric species by transmission spectroscopy. We therefore propose that mid-infrared spectroscopy of exoplanets may detect rocky surfaces, and near-infrared spectrophotometry may identify ultramafic surfaces, hydrated surfaces, and water ice.

  6. A PURITY THEOREM FOR FUNCTORS WITH TRANSFERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). We show that the following equality holds for the subgroups of the group F(K): `` p2Spec R;htp=1 imf for the subgroups of G(K): `` p2Spec R; htp=1 imfG(R p ) ! G(K)g = imfG(R) ! G(K)g; (\\Lambda) where all maps is a local regular ring we may rewrite the purity condition for the functor FR as `` p2SpecR; htp=1 F(R p

  7. Groups generated by bounded automata and their schreier graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bondarenko, Ievgen

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    These results were generalized to a (possibly infinite) set of irreducible matrices by P. Mandl and E. Seneta [MS69]. The most important results for our investigation were obtained by W.H.M. Zijm in [Zij84]. He considered the maps gK and showed that there is a... behavior of iterations gnK(v) were obtained in [Sla81, Sla86, Zij87] for the case when some special matrices in K are aperiodic. Considering maps fK we follow as close as possible to the ideas of W.H.M. Zijm and use his paper [Zij84] as a model. Notice...

  8. Limit Domains in Several Complex Variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Console, Alexander

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    sequence of automor- phisms" in [Fornæss & Stensønes, 2004], both the approaches to constructing Fatou-Bieberbach domains discussed above can be seen as constructing basins of attraction. We will not pursue this viewpoint. 3.2 Push-Out Constructions... n ? N and z ??n and k > m? n. Then writing w = Gm(z) ? Dm, a) and b) 17 imply |Gk(z)?Gm(z)|= |Hk ?Hk?1 ? · · · ?Hm+1(w)?w| ? |w?Hm+1(w)|+ |Hm+1(w)?Hm+2(Hm+1(w))| + · · ·+ |Hk?1 ? · · · ?Hm+1(w)?Hk(Hk?1 ? · · · ?Hm+1(w))| < ?m 2m + ?m+1 2m+1...

  9. Groups generated by bounded automata and their schreier graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bondarenko, Ievgen

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    These results were generalized to a (possibly infinite) set of irreducible matrices by P. Mandl and E. Seneta [MS69]. The most important results for our investigation were obtained by W.H.M. Zijm in [Zij84]. He considered the maps gK and showed that there is a... behavior of iterations gnK(v) were obtained in [Sla81, Sla86, Zij87] for the case when some special matrices in K are aperiodic. Considering maps fK we follow as close as possible to the ideas of W.H.M. Zijm and use his paper [Zij84] as a model. Notice...

  10. On the Classification of Low-Rank Braided Fusion Categories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruillard, Paul Joseph

    2013-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    ON THE CLASSIFICATION OF LOW-RANK BRAIDED FUSION CATEGORIES A Dissertation by PAUL JOSEPH BRUILLARD Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR...+=p . BFC Braided Fusion Category. C0 The M uger center of the category C. Cad The adjoint subcategory. Cpt The pointed subcategory. Cop Opposite (mirror) category to C. coevX Coevaluation I! X X . C2 (G;K ) 2-cochains of G with coe cients in K . C...

  11. The external morphology of the sweetpotato weevil, Cylas formicarius elegantulus (Summers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Monawar

    1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~Sy SIAQ 4%i AMIsR e ~ y a ~ ~ 0 ~ ~ gg Pl& Vo FLglN@ 2$+ZPy T4ow %be Mi5go ~ e ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ PlaW VX. Figures C-gk, Abdal and OeniiaUa ~. . . ~ 44 THE EKTERHAL HORPHOLOOX OP THR HWEETPOTATO MRPGL, CXLAH mmCARXOH E{maHTHLOS (RCHHERH) XHTRQNCTXON AHD..., . (1954). Roinhsrd (192$) ~ aarisod the tansnsnie states of tho sooetpetato vsovil. Fabrieins (179~} first described tho ?seetpetate veovil aa ~ gg~~~, later (LES) as gf+ggtR ggygg~g, and again (1798) referred to it bp tho orlginaX emhlnatton. OXXvter...

  12. A study of the effectiveness of the veterans' farm training program in Fannin, Hunt, and Lamar counties in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorries, W. L

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AND CONCLUSIONS VII. RZCOMMZNDATIONS BI BLI0 GkAPhi' APPZNDIX A. ~uestionnaire used by Veterans snd Non-Veterans 10 132 137 139 LIST OZ TABLES Page The Number, Per Cent, and i'er Cent Increase or Decrease in Cotton Practices of' 93 Train ess Before... and After Entering Training in Tannin County . The Number, Per Gent, and i'er Cent Increase or Lecrease in Cotton Practices of 96 Train- ees Hef'ore and After Entering Training in Lamer County The Number, Per Cent, and Per Gent Increase or Decrease...

  13. n-3 PUFA and Curcumin Modulate the Resolution of Murine Intestinal Inflammtion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Qian 1980-

    2011-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    ?R blocking monoclonal mAb (10 ?g/mL) (2.4G2, BD Pharmingen) for 5 min at 4 ?C. To measure the proportion of CD3+ and CD4+ T-cells, sample contents were stained with both fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled (5 ?g/mL) anti-CD3 (145-2C11, hamster IgG1..., BD Pharmingen) and phycoerythrin (PE)- labeled anti CD4 (10 ?g/mL) (GK1.5, rat IgG2b, BD Pharmingen). Flow cytometric analysis was conducted on a fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS)-Calibur flow cytometer (Becton Dickinson Immunocytometry...

  14. Certain plant and animal (beef cattle) responses to management practices on phosphorus deficient ranges of the King Ranch in South Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruby, Ellis Scott

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .iXRfK !G.1 'RD if *'afA f?A.iGfAK af? )RiKA?.G ALaA .RRAK (a i ' AR *GfGA.aAG ALG S'a1*afK8 ?} ?3y?rtp?clFo Fr?F lLG ?fSifR ?2*G.i)GfAa' raf5G DLiSL ifS'??GK KG!Gf RfGvKGSAiRf faAi!G *aKA?.GK nxi5?.G ?m iK 'RSaAG? Rf ALG ?fSifR ei!iKiRf R( ALG 4if5...?fG0 ?WJ? s?rlFtc yoFcl Fce FctpFo nh??x sFllo?m r?OygcO?O lg pFcFu?p?cl yrFslts?O sc y,gOy,gr9O e?xtst?cl rFcu?O gx l,? xtcu rFcs, tc Og9l, l?3FO h1 ?''iK OSRAA r?I1 E8 U F eiKKG.AaAiRf O?I)iAAG? AR ALG u.a??aAG OSLRR' R( ALG F5.iS?'A?.a' af? pGSLafiSa...

  15. Nuclear data evaluation for explosive hydrogen burning on A = 30-50 nuclei.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, D. L.

    1998-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A research program to develop a reaction-rate (RR) data base for stellar explosive hydrogen burning via (p,{gamma}) and (p,{alpha}) reactions involving stable-isotope target elements in the mass range A = 30-50 (phosphorus to titanium) is described. This project includes: (1) a survey of the literature; (2) preparation of written summaries for pertinent contributions; (3) compilation of alpha-numeric information into computer-platform-independent data files; (4) tabulation of reaction resonance parameters (and uncertainties); (5) determination of resonance RRs (and uncertainties) for Maxwellian-distributed reactant energies corresponding to temperatures in the range T{sub 9}=0.01-10 GK (1 GK=10{sup 9} degrees Kelvin); (6) fitting of these calculated RRs with an empirical formula, thereby converting the basic data into a form that is convenient for astrophysical network calculations; (7) examination of deviations between fitted curves and these RRs in the context of the uncertainties. The results of this work are made available to the nuclear astrophysics community through formal laboratory reports and computer files which are distributed to data centers. The procedures used in this work are discussed and some representative examples of products from the activity are given.

  16. Low cost computer interface using eye tracking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zee, Bernard Chan Heng

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the modulator signal changes, the demodulator allows only 66k 1. 79 kHz 0 A) Clock Circuit using MC145848 Schmidt Trig Hex fnvertor OtoSv jn 50k 33k/ 150k + 0 to ? 10v 6) Demodulator Driver using LM741 Op Amp Vin o 100k 033uF 100k . 033uF Vout... noise in the input eye signals. Pin An2 is connected to the hardware micro- 29 Vdd Vdd 10k 10k (829)Vd 4. 7uF~ ~. tuF (831)Gn Vdd Vss lao Pa1 Pa2 Pa7 (820) CI (82) Res 10k Vdd 4. 7k Reset Pdo Pd1 Pd2 Pd3 Pd4 Pdfi Str8 BrA Dreq...

  17. Habitat types of the Eastern Cross Timbers of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcy, Larry Eugene

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Limestone 42. Falls c9 CV Pj CV lO S o E tO N 0 UJ D 0 ? J2 lO E 0 P C vl o c 0 4 Vl 41 N ID A N (3) provide shelter, nest sites, and den sites which are virtually absent or widely scattered in adjacent prairie and cropland, (4... mmril chio OCO %CO CF ril IA m hl IO hl chl m wm mNNWNNLA m4 o' N o 4' c ch c&e mrn mLALo Io c- CD o c 0 wco hl hl N 0 4 0 0 I I 0 CO cFIIA LAO chN I COP LAIC O m LA CF Lfi ril rn co CFI O chio m I NCOOCO N N m IA IO LA CFI N CI IO I...

  18. Depositional environment and hydrodynamic flow in Guadalupian Cherry Canyon sandstone, West Ford and West Geraldine fields, Delaware Basin, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linn, Anne Marie

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ' the particle in pixel-units is converted to size in microns by the microprocessor (Nazzullo and Kennedy, 1984). IIJ cd O 0 $0 ) M CM 0 Jaue cd 0 e '0 0 e c. 0 O IAIAMOCO I M CO Ooa C &LAO IA lfl N IA O CD r '0 al I al O O 0 al 0 D cd '0 3 0... lfl O IO N Ccc Ifl CO CLJ IA CA I IA O O IA CA N 0 IA Oc N I O IO fd O IA IA 0 0 '0 0 0 Id 0 cd 0 I 0 X 0 0 0 '0 e CD 0 cd 0 CI CJ I Q tc M C 0 0 8 0 0 e ID 0 C aj a O N CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO IQ IO LO N N Ifl N N N N...

  19. TESTING THE APODIZED PUPIL LYOT CORONAGRAPH ON THE LABORATORY FOR ADAPTIVE OPTICS EXTREME ADAPTIVE OPTICS TESTBED

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, Sandrine J.; Dillon, Daren; Gavel, Donald [Laboratory for Adaptive Optics, University of California/Lick Observatories, University of California Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Soummer, Remi [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Macintosh, Bruce [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave., Livermore, CA 94550 (United States); Sivaramakrishnan, Anand, E-mail: sthomas@ucolick.org, E-mail: dillon@ucolick.org, E-mail: gavel@ucolick.org, E-mail: soummer@stsci.edu, E-mail: macintosh1@mail.llnl.gov, E-mail: anand@amnh.org [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, 79th Street at Central Park West, New York, NY 10024 (United States)

    2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present testbed results of the Apodized Pupil Lyot Coronagraph (APLC) at the Laboratory for Adaptive Optics (LAO). These results are part of the validation and tests of the coronagraph and of the Extreme Adaptive Optics (ExAO) for the Gemini Planet Imager (GPI). The apodizer component is manufactured with a halftone technique using black chrome microdots on glass. Testing this APLC (like any other coronagraph) requires extremely good wavefront correction, which is obtained to the 1 nm rms level using the microelectricalmechanical systems (MEMS) technology, on the ExAO visible testbed of the LAO at the University of Santa Cruz. We used an APLC coronagraph without central obstruction, both with a reference super-polished flat mirror and with the MEMS to obtain one of the first images of a dark zone in a coronagraphic image with classical adaptive optics using a MEMS deformable mirror (without involving dark hole algorithms). This was done as a complementary test to the GPI coronagraph testbed at American Museum of Natural History, which studied the coronagraph itself without wavefront correction. Because we needed a full aperture, the coronagraph design is very different from the GPI design. We also tested a coronagraph with central obstruction similar to that of GPI. We investigated the performance of the APLC coronagraph and more particularly the effect of the apodizer profile accuracy on the contrast. Finally, we compared the resulting contrast to predictions made with a wavefront propagation model of the testbed to understand the effects of phase and amplitude errors on the final contrast.

  20. Photovoltaic Power Generation in the Stellar Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. E. Girish; S. Aranya

    2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we have studied the problem of photovoltaic power generation near selected stars in the solar neighborhood. The nature of the optical radiation from a star will depend on its luminosity,HR classification and spectral characteristics. The solar celloperation in the habitable zones of the stars is similar to AM1.0 operation near earth.Thecurrent space solar cell technology can be adopted for power generation near G,K and Mtype stars. Silicon solar cells with good near IR response are particularly suitable in theenvironments of M type stars which are most abundant in the universe. . Photovoltaicpower generation near binary stars like Sirius and Alpha Centauri is also discussed.

  1. Direct and sequential radiative three-body reaction rates at low temperatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Garrido; R. de Diego; D. V. Fedorov; A. S. Jensen

    2011-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the low-temperature reaction rates for radiative capture processes of three particles. We compare direct and sequential capture mechanisms and rates using realistic phenomenological parametrizations of the corresponding photodissociation cross sections.Energy conservation prohibits sequential capture for energies smaller than that of the intermediate two-body structure. A finite width or a finite temperature allows this capture mechanism. We study generic effects of positions and widths of two- and three-body resonances for very low temperatures. We focus on nuclear reactions relevant for astrophysics, and we illustrate with realistic estimates for the $\\alpha$-$\\alpha$-$\\alpha$ and $\\alpha$-$\\alpha$-$n$ radiative capture processes. The direct capture mechanism leads to reaction rates which for temperatures smaller than 0.1 GK can be several orders of magnitude larger than those of the NACRE compilation.

  2. Online parameter estimation applied to mixed conduction/radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shah, Tejas Jagdish

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    covariance : P0 = E[(x0 ? E[x0])(x0 ? E[x0])T ] (3.21) Time update equations State estimate propagation ^k? = f(k; ^k?1) (3.22) Error covariance propagation P?k = Fk;k?1Pk?1FTk;k?1 + Qk?1 (3.23) Measurement update equations Kalman gain matrix Gk = P?k HTk [HkPk...)(xa0 ? ^a0)T = 2 66 66 4 P0 0 0 0 Rv 0 0 0 Rn 3 77 77 5 (3.36) Calculate sigma points : Xak?1 = ? ^k?1a ^k?1a + ?pPak?1 ^k?1a ? ?pPak?1 ? (3.37) Time update equations Xxkjk?1 = F(Xxkjk?1;uk?1;Xvk?1) (3.38) ^k? = 2LX i=0 W(m)i Xxi;kjk?1 (3.39) P?k = 2LX...

  3. Comparative study of some methods of determining from experimental data the parameters for the growth and decay functions and the adiabatic gas law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chvatal, Leland A

    1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    )M i i 1 -1 Thus if N(B, K) is to be a minimum it is necessary that (e) Y K - B Q K = 0 ml i=1 n n iYK -Bg iK =0. i=1 Kl Solvtng for B from (6) gives B=P K~K/P K Substituting B in (T) and olearing fractions yields a polynomial P(K) whose... are desired. The polynomial G(K) is used to determine upper and lower bounds f' or the positive roots of P(K). Expanding M(B, K) gives n i n n 2i M(B, K) = g (Y ? BK )z = g YZ ? 2B Q Y K + Bz P K i=1 i=i i=i Dl Use of the value of B caloulated previously...

  4. Symplectic fusion rings and their metric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Gepner; A. Schwimmer

    1992-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The fusion of fields in a rational conformal field theory gives rise to a ring structure which has a very particular form. All such rings studied so far were shown to arise from some potentials. In this paper the fusion rings of the WZW models based on the symplectic group are studied. It is shown that they indeed arise from potentials which are described. These potentials give rise to new massive perturbations of superconformal hermitian symmetric models. The metric of the perturbation is computed and is shown to be given by solutions of the sinh--gordon equation. The kink structure of the theories is described, and it is argued that these field theories are integrable. The $S$ matrices for the fusion theories are argued to be non--minimal extensions of the $G_k\\times G_1/ G_{k+1}$ $S$ matrices with the adjoint perturbation, in the case of $G=SU(N)$.

  5. Model-based Biomarker Detection and Systematic Analysis in Translational Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Youting

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    : gk(xm) = csX i=1 isoX j=0 ck;ijf(xm; k;ij; k;ij); m = 1; 2; : : : ;M; (2.2) where the peak shape function is given by f(xm; k;ij; k;ij) = e k;ij(xm k;ij) 2 . 15 That is, the peak is modeled as Gaussian-shaped, as in [19]. It is reported... mixture of the signal generated by the N peptide candidates plus Gaussian random noise, which can be modeled as: ym = NX k=1 kgk(xm) + m = NX k=1 k csX i=1 isoX j=0 ck;ijf(xm; k;ij; k;ij) + m; (2.3) m = 1; 2; : : : ;M: In the above...

  6. Generating generalized distributions from dynamical simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barth, Eric J.; Laird, Brian Bostian; Leimkuhler, Benedict J.

    2003-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    virtual momentum related to the actual momentum of the system by p˜5sp.3 The equations of motion generated by the Nose´ Hamiltonian @Eq. ~1!# are dq dt 5M 21p˜/s2, ~2! dp˜ dt 52„V~q!, ~3! ds dt 5 p Q , ~4! dp dt 5 p˜TM21p˜ s3 2gkBT/s . ~5! The Nose´ method... regulates the temperature of the sys- tem through a dynamical time transformation given by dt/dt5s , where t is the Nose´ ~virtual! time and t is real time. The remarkable property of Nose´ dynamics is that mi- crocanonical sampling of the extended phase...

  7. Resonant final-state interactions in D^0 -> \\bar{K}^{0} ?, \\bar{K}^{0} ?' Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El aaoud El hassan; A. N. Kamal

    1999-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We have investimated the effect of the isospin 1/2, J^P = 0^+ resonant state K^*_0(1950) on the decays D^0 ->\\bar{K}^{0}\\eta and D^0 ->\\bar{K}^0 \\eta' as a function of the branching ratio sum r =Br(K^*_0(1950)->\\bar{K}^0\\eta)+ Br(K^*_0(1950)->\\bar{K}^0 \\eta' and coupling constants g_{K^*_0\\bar{K}^0\\eta}, g_{K^*_0\\bar{K}^0\\eta'}. We have used a factorized input for D^0 -> K^*_0(1950) weak transition through a \\pi K loop. We estimated both on- and off-shell contributions from the loop. Our calculation shows that the off-shell effects are significant. For $r\\geq 30%$ a fit to the decay amplitude A(D^0 -> \\bar{K}^0 \\eta') was possible, but the amplitude A(D^0 ->\\bar{K}^0 \\eta) remained at its factorized value. For small values of r, $r\\leq 18 %$, we were able to fit A(D^0 -> \\bar{K}^0 \\eta), and despite the fact that A(D^0 -> \\bar{K}^0 \\eta') could be raised by almost 100 % over its factorized value, it still falls short of its experimental value. A simultaneous fit to both amplitudes A(D^0 -> \\bar{K}^0 \\eta') and A(D^0 -> \\bar{K}^0 \\eta) was not possible. We have also determined the strong phase of the resonant amplitudes for both decays. PACS numbers:13.25.Ft, 13.25.-k, 14.40.Lb

  8. Atrial natriuretic peptide regulates lipid mobilization and oxygen consumption in human adipocytes by activating AMPK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Souza, Sandra C. [Translational Sciences - Translational Medicine, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Inc., 220 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)] [Translational Sciences - Translational Medicine, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Inc., 220 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Chau, Mary D.L.; Yang, Qing [Cardiovascular and Metabolism Disease Area, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Inc., 100 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)] [Cardiovascular and Metabolism Disease Area, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Inc., 100 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Gauthier, Marie-Soleil [Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02140 (United States)] [Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02140 (United States); Clairmont, Kevin B.; Wu, Zhidan; Gromada, Jesper [Cardiovascular and Metabolism Disease Area, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Inc., 100 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)] [Cardiovascular and Metabolism Disease Area, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Inc., 100 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Dole, William P., E-mail: bill.dole@novartis.com [Translational Sciences - Translational Medicine, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Inc., 220 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)

    2011-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: {yields} Treatment of differentiated human adipocytes with atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) increased lipolysis and oxygen consumption by activating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). {yields} ANP stimulated lipid mobilization by selective activation of the alpha2 subunit of AMPK and increased energy utilization through activation of both the alpha1 and alpha2 subunits of AMPK. {yields} ANP enhanced adipocyte mitochondrial oxidative capacity as evidenced by induction of oxidative mitochondrial genes and increase in oxygen consumption. {yields} Exposure of human adipocytes to fatty acids and (TNF{alpha}) induced insulin resistance and decreased expression of mitochondrial genes which was restored to normal by ANP. -- Abstract: Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) has been shown to regulate lipid and carbohydrate metabolism providing a possible link between cardiovascular function and metabolism by mediating the switch from carbohydrate to lipid mobilization and oxidation. ANP exerts a potent lipolytic effect via cGMP-dependent protein kinase (cGK)-I mediated-stimulation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Activation of the ANP/cGK signaling cascade also promotes muscle mitochondrial biogenesis and fat oxidation. Here we demonstrate that ANP regulates lipid metabolism and oxygen utilization in differentiated human adipocytes by activating the alpha2 subunit of AMPK. ANP treatment increased lipolysis by seven fold and oxygen consumption by two fold, both of which were attenuated by inhibition of AMPK activity. ANP-induced lipolysis was shown to be mediated by the alpha2 subunit of AMPK as introduction of dominant-negative alpha2 subunit of AMPK attenuated ANP effects on lipolysis. ANP-induced activation of AMPK enhanced mitochondrial oxidative capacity as evidenced by a two fold increase in oxygen consumption and induction of mitochondrial genes, including carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1a) by 1.4-fold, cytochrome C (CytC) by 1.3-fold, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-{gamma} coactivator-1{alpha} (PGC-1{alpha}) by 1.4-fold. Treatment of human adipocytes with fatty acids and tumor necrosis factor {alpha} (TNF{alpha}) induced insulin resistance and down-regulation of mitochondrial genes, which was restored by ANP treatment. These results show that ANP regulates lipid catabolism and enhances energy dissipation through AMPK activation in human adipocytes.

  9. Effect of Surface Termination on the Electonic Properties of LaNiO? Films

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kumah, Divine P. [Yale Univ., Center for Research on Interface Structures and Phenomena and Department of Applied Physics, New Haven, CT (United States); Malashevich, Andrei [Yale Univ., Center for Research on Interface Structures and Phenomena and Department of Applied Physics, New Haven, CT (United States); Disa, Ankit S. [Yale Univ., Center for Research on Interface Structures and Phenomena and Department of Applied Physics, New Haven, CT (United States); Arena, Dario A. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, National Synchrotron Light Source, Upton, NY (United States); Walker, Fred J. [Yale Univ., Center for Research on Interface Structures and Phenomena and Department of Applied Physics, New Haven, CT (United States); Ismail-Beigi, Sohrab [Yale Univ., Center for Research on Interface Structures and Phenomena and Department of Applied Physics, New Haven, CT (United States); Ahn, Charles H. [Yale Univ., Center for Research on Interface Structures and Phenomena and Department of Applied Physics, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, New Haven, CT (United States)

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The electronic and structural properties of thin LaNiO? films grown by using molecular beam epitaxy are studied as a function of the net ionic charge of the surface terminating layer. We demonstrate that electronic transport in nickelate heterostructures can be manipulated through changes in the surface termination due to a strong coupling of the surface electrostatic properties to the structural properties of the Ni—O bonds that govern electronic conduction. We observe experimentally and from first-principles theory an asymmetric response of the structural properties of the films to the sign of the surface charge, which results from a strong interplay between electrostatic and mechanical boundary conditions governing the system. The structural response results in ionic buckling in the near-surface NiO? planes for films terminated with negatively charged NiO? and bulklike NiO? planes for films terminated with positively charged LaO planes. The ability to modify transport properties by the deposition of a single atomic layer can be used as a guiding principle for nanoscale device fabrication.

  10. Effect of Surface Termination on the Electonic Properties of LaNiO? Films

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kumah, Divine P.; Malashevich, Andrei; Disa, Ankit S.; Arena, Dario A.; Walker, Fred J.; Ismail-Beigi, Sohrab; Ahn, Charles H.

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The electronic and structural properties of thin LaNiO? films grown by using molecular beam epitaxy are studied as a function of the net ionic charge of the surface terminating layer. We demonstrate that electronic transport in nickelate heterostructures can be manipulated through changes in the surface termination due to a strong coupling of the surface electrostatic properties to the structural properties of the Ni—O bonds that govern electronic conduction. We observe experimentally and from first-principles theory an asymmetric response of the structural properties of the films to the sign of the surface charge, which results from a strong interplay betweenmore »electrostatic and mechanical boundary conditions governing the system. The structural response results in ionic buckling in the near-surface NiO? planes for films terminated with negatively charged NiO? and bulklike NiO? planes for films terminated with positively charged LaO planes. The ability to modify transport properties by the deposition of a single atomic layer can be used as a guiding principle for nanoscale device fabrication.« less

  11. Integrating spatial support tools into strategic planning-SEA of the GMS North-South Economic Corridor Strategy and Action Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramachandran, Pavit, E-mail: pramachandran@adb.org [Environment Specialist (Regional Cooperation), Southeast Asia Department, Asian Development Bank, Manila (Philippines); Linde, Lothar, E-mail: lothar.linde@yahoo.de [Asian Development Bank Greater Mekong Subregion Environment Operations Center (RETA 6289), The Offices at Central World 23F, Bangkok (Thailand)

    2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The GMS countries, supported by the Asian Development Bank, have adopted a holistic, multidimensional approach to strengthen infrastructural linkages and facilitate cross border trade through (i) the establishment of a trans-boundary road connecting two economic nodes across marginalised areas, followed by 2) facilitation of environmentally and socially sound investments in these newly connected areas as a means to develop livelihoods. The North-South Economic Corridor is currently in its second phase of development, with investment opportunities to be laid out in the NSEC Strategy and Action Plan (SAP). It targets the ecologically and culturally sensitive border area between PR China's Yunnan Province, Northern Lao PDR, and Thailand. A trans-boundary, cross-sectoral Strategic Environmental Assessment was conducted to support the respective governments in assessing potential environmental and social impacts, developing alternatives and mitigation options, and feeding the findings back into the SAP writing process. Given the spatial dimension of corridor development-both with regard to opportunities and risks-particular emphasis was put in the application of spatial modelling tools to help geographically locate and quantify impacts as a means to guide interventions and set priorities.

  12. Rearing of boll weevils on artificial diets 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raven B., Klaus Gustav

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sqs MrOg Ogs GOSopsC* ?F cRGSNsyoRCOSnrOb eIC8sG ERC GRCire Serq Qn'F GRqrIo isavRSOs Q2'F osOgbnypSCSisa Q3'F sOgbnypSCSisa NEGO pCRpbnypSCSisa QW'F Saq iIObnypSCSisa Q?' OR Ogs iRnn Mss8rn Mgsa raeRCpRCSOsq ra nSC8Sn qrsOGK ?? dsrNgOyCsqIeOrRa eIC8...RCO OrosK 9IaOsC Saq 9raqG QBL)(' GOSOsq OgSO eROORa pnSaOG SCs sGGsaOrSn ERC aRCoSn qs8snRposaO Saq OgSO Ogs nRaNs8rOb RE Ogs Mss8rnG qspsaqsq IpRa MgsOgsC Ogsb Esq Ra GzISCsGF nsS8sGF RC eROORa iRnnGK fgsGs Eraq5 raNG MsCs eRaErCosq ib 9IaOsC Saq 9raq...

  13. AT Cnc: A SECOND DWARF NOVA WITH A CLASSICAL NOVA SHELL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shara, Michael M.; Mizusawa, Trisha; Zurek, David [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024-5192 (United States); Wehinger, Peter [Steward Observatory, the University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Martin, Christopher D.; Neill, James D.; Forster, Karl [Department of Physics, Math and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Mail Code 405-47, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Seibert, Mark [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States)

    2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We are systematically surveying all known and suspected Z Cam-type dwarf novae for classical nova shells. This survey is motivated by the discovery of the largest known classical nova shell, which surrounds the archetypal dwarf nova Z Camelopardalis. The Z Cam shell demonstrates that at least some dwarf novae must have undergone classical nova eruptions in the past, and that at least some classical novae become dwarf novae long after their nova thermonuclear outbursts, in accord with the hibernation scenario of cataclysmic binaries. Here we report the detection of a fragmented 'shell', 3 arcmin in diameter, surrounding the dwarf nova AT Cancri. This second discovery demonstrates that nova shells surrounding Z Cam-type dwarf novae cannot be very rare. The shell geometry is suggestive of bipolar, conical ejection seen nearly pole-on. A spectrum of the brightest AT Cnc shell knot is similar to that of the ejecta of the classical nova GK Per, and of Z Cam, dominated by [N II] emission. Galaxy Evolution Explorer FUV imagery reveals a similar-sized, FUV-emitting shell. We determine a distance of 460 pc to AT Cnc, and an upper limit to its ejecta mass of {approx}5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5} M {sub Sun }, typical of classical novae.

  14. q-Deformation of the AdS5 x S5 Superstring S-matrix and its Relativistic Limit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoare, Ben; Miramontes, J Luis

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A set of four factorizable non-relativistic S-matrices for a multiplet of fundamental particles are defined based on the R-matrix of the quantum group deformation of the centrally extended superalgebra su(2|2). The S-matrices are a function of two independent couplings g and q=exp(i\\pi/k). The main result is to find the scalar factor, or dressing phase, which ensures that the unitarity and crossing equations are satisfied. For generic (g,k), the S-matrices are branched functions on a product of rapidity tori. In the limit k->infinity, one of them is identified with the S-matrix describing the magnon excitations on the string world sheet in AdS5 x S5, while another is the mirror S-matrix that is needed for the TBA. In the g->infinity limit, the rapidity torus degenerates, the branch points disappear and the S-matrices become meromorphic functions, as required by relativistic S-matrix theory. However, it is only the mirror S-matrix which satisfies the correct relativistic crossing equation. The mirror S-matrix ...

  15. Atom microscopy via two-photon spontaneous emission spectroscopy RID A-5077-2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qamar, Sajid; Evers, Joerg; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    #1;e?i#1;#7;k?#6;2#2;t#3;e?i#6;1tC1#1;t#2; ? ei#6;1tC2#1;t#2;#4; + 1 2#8;q gqe i#1;#7;q+#6;2#2;tCe k,q#1;t#2; , #1;6c#2; C? 4 k#1;t#2; = 1 2 gk #1;e?i#1;#7;k+#6;2#2;t#3;e?i#6;1tC1#1;t#2; ? ei#6;1tC2#1;t#2;#4; ? 1 2#8;q gqe i#1;#7;q?#6...;2#2;tCe k,q#1;t#2; , #1;6d#2; C? e k,q#1;t#2; = 1 2gq #1;e?i#7;qt#3;e?i#6;2tC3k#1;t#2; ? C4k#1;t#2;ei#6;2t#4; . #1;6e#2; In the long-time limit, #5;#12;#1;t ? #14;#2;#6; = #8; k,q Ce k,q#1;#14;#2;#5;e,1k,1q#6; . #1;7#2; The final...

  16. Yield, grade, and leafspot reaction of interspecific derived peanut lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouedraogo, Mahama

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4. 1 b-d 0. 4 c 10. 8 ab 1. 5 c 16. 7 a 6. 6 i 22. 1 f-h 25. 5 e-h 19. 5 g-i 32. 3 d-9 49. 5 de 24, 3 i-k 21. 6 jk 26. 4 h-k 30. 0 g-k 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Florunner So. Runner LSD 0, 3 0. 3 0. 3 0. 1 0. 1 0. 2 0... ab 1. 3 de 1. 4 fg 6. 1 e-1 17. 3 i-m 3. 2 d-g 10. 1 c-g 19. 5 g-m 4. 9 c-f 11. 8 b-f 22. 3 g-1 13. 5 a 11. 3 b-f 44. 2 ab 3. 7 d-g 14. 1 a-d 18. 6 h-m 0. 2 g 0. 7 i 4. 5 o 1. 1 fg 2. 2 hi 11. 2 m-o 2. 3 e-g 6. 0 e-i 16. 0 1-n 5. 9 b-e 8. 2 c...

  17. The Effects of Thermonuclear Reaction Rate Variations on Nova Nucleosynthesis: A Sensitivity Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian Iliadis; Art Champagne; Jordi Jose; Sumner Starrfield; Paul Tupper

    2002-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the effects of thermonuclear reaction rate uncertainties on nova nucleosynthesis. One-zone nucleosynthesis calculations have been performed by adopting temperature-density-time profiles of the hottest hydrogen-burning zone (i.e., the region in which most of the nucleosynthesis takes place). We obtain our profiles from 7 different, recently published, hydrodynamic nova simulations covering peak temperatures in the range from Tpeak=0.145-0.418 GK. For each of these profiles, we individually varied the rates of 175 reactions within their associated errors and analyzed the resulting abundance changes of 142 isotopes in the mass range below A=40. In total, we performed 7350 nuclear reaction network calculations. We use the most recent thermonuclear reaction rate evaluations for the mass ranges A=1-20 and A=20-40. For the theoretical astrophysicist, our results indicate the extent to which nova nucleosynthesis calculations depend on presently uncertain nuclear physics input, while for the experimental nuclear physicist our results represent at least a qualitative guide for future measurements at stable and radioactive ion beam facilities. We find that present reaction rate estimates are reliable for predictions of Li, Be, C and N abundances in nova nucleosynthesis. However, rate uncertainties of several reactions have to be reduced significantly in order to predict more reliable O, F, Ne, Na, Mg, Al, Si, S, Cl and Ar abundances. Results are presented in tabular form for each adopted nova simulation.

  18. On the freeness of the cyclotomic BMW algebras: admissibility and an isomorphism with the cyclotomic Kauffman tangle algebras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcox, Stewart

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cyclotomic Birman-Murakami-Wenzl (BMW) algebras B_n^k, introduced by R. H\\"aring-Oldenburg, are a generalisation of the BMW algebras associated with the cyclotomic Hecke algebras of type G(k,1,n) (aka Ariki-Koike algebras) and type B knot theory. In this paper, we prove the algebra is free and of rank k^n (2n-1)!! over ground rings with parameters satisfying so-called "admissibility conditions". These conditions are necessary in order for these results to hold and originally arise from the representation theory of B_2^k, which is analysed by the authors in a previous paper. Furthermore, we obtain a geometric realisation of B_n^k as a cyclotomic version of the Kauffman tangle algebra, in terms of affine n-tangles in the solid torus, and produce explicit bases that may be described both algebraically and diagrammatically. The admissibility conditions are the most general offered in the literature for which these results hold; they are necessary and sufficient for all results for general n.

  19. Determining the Nature of Faint X-Ray Sources from the ASCA Galactic Center Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutovinov, A A; Karasev, D I; Shimansky, V V; Burenin, R A; Bikmaev, I F; Vorobyev, V S; Tsygankov, S S; Pavlinsky, M N

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the results of the identification of six objects from the ASCA Galactic center and Galactic plane surveys: AXJ173548-3207, AXJ173628-3141, AXJ1739.5-2910, AXJ1740.4-2856, AXJ1740.5-2937, AXJ1743.9-2846. Chandra, XMM-Newton, and XRT/Swift X-ray data have been used to improve the positions of the optical counterparts to these sources. Thereafter, we have carried out a series of spectroscopic observations of the established optical counterparts at the RTT-150 telescope. Analysis of X-ray and optical spectra as well as photometric measurements in a wide wavelength range based on optical and infrared catalogs has allowed the nature of the program sources to be determined. Two X-ray objects have been detected in the error circle of AXJ173628-3141: one is a coronally active G star and the other may be a symbiotic star, a red giant with an accreting white dwarf. Three sources (AXJ1739.5-2910, AXJ1740.5-2937, AXJ1743.9-2846) have turned out to be active G-K stars, presumably RS CVn objects, one (AXJ1740.4-2...

  20. Hard X-ray Fluorescence Measurements of Heteroepitaxial Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathode Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, Jacob N.; Miara, Lincoln J.; Saraf, Laxmikant V.; Kaspar, Tiffany C.; Gopalan, Srikanth; Pal, Uday B.; Woicik, Joseph C.; Basu, Soumendra N.; Ludwig, Karl F.

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commonly, SOFCs are operated at high temperatures (above 800°C). At these temperatures expensive housing is needed to contain an operating stack as well as coatings to contain the oxidation of the metallic interconnects. Lowering the temperature of an operating device would allow for more conventional materials to be used, thus lowering overall cost. Understanding the surface chemical states of cations in the surface of the SOFC cathode is vital to designing a system that will perform well at lower temperatures. The samples studied were grown by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) at the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). 20% strontium doped lanthanum manganite (LSM-20) was grown on YSZ and NGO (neodymium gallate). The films on YSZ have a fiber texture. LSM-20 on NGO is heteroepitaxial. Lanthanum strontium cobalt ferrite (LSCF-6428) films were grown on LAO and YSZ with a GDC barrier layer. Total X-ray Reflection Fluorescence (TXRF) was used to depth profile the samples. In a typical experiment, the angle of the incident beam is varied though the critical angle. Below the critical angle, the x-ray decays as an evanescent wave and will only penetrate the top few nanometers. TXRF experiments done on LSM films have suggested strontium segregates to the surface and form strontium enriched nanoparticles (1). It should be pointed out that past studies have focused on 30% strontium A-site doping, but this project uses 20% strontium doped lanthanum manganite. XANES and EXAFS data were taken as a function of incoming angle to probe composition as a function of depth. XANES spectra can be difficult to analyze fully. For other materials density functional theory calculations compared to near edge measurements have been a good way to understand the 3d valence electrons (2).

  1. Low temperature thermoelastic and structural properties of LaGaO{sub 3} perovskite in the Pbnm phase

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knight, Kevin S., E-mail: kevin.knight@stfc.ac.uk [ISIS Facility, STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell Oxford, Dicot, Oxfordshire, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Department of Mineralogy, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD (United Kingdom)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The thermoelastic and structural properties of LaGaO{sub 3} perovskite have been studied using high resolution neutron diffractometry at 158 temperatures between 11 K and 548 K. Data collected in 2 K intervals between 410 K and 430 K show no evidence for an intermediate phase between the low temperature phase in space group Pbnm and the high temperature phase in space group F3{sup Macron }2/n. From a simultaneous fit of the unit cell volume and the isochoric heat capacity, the phonon density of states in the Pbnm phase is shown to be approximated by a two-term Debye model, with characteristic temperatures 294(1) K and 831(1) K. Vibrational Debye temperatures, determined from fitting the temperature variation of the atomic displacement parameters, show the cations to be more associated with the lower characteristic temperature, whilst that for the anions, is closer to the higher characteristic temperature. Structural parameters are presented as the amplitudes of the seven symmetry-adapted basis-vectors of the aristotype phase, and a structural basis for the temperature-dependence of the bond lengths is outlined. The phase transition in both temperature and pressure arises when a non-bonded La-O distance approaches the La coordination sphere. - Graphical abstract: The weight fraction of the rhombohedral phase of LaGaO{sub 3} from the onset of the phase transition at 408 K to its completion at 430 K. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thermoelastic properties of LaGaO{sub 3} analyzed as a two-term Debye model. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Crystal structure and bonding analyzed in terms of symmetry-adapted basis-vectors. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Consistency between calorimetric and crystallographic measurements.

  2. Verification of Gamma Knife extend system based fractionated treatment planning using EBT2 film

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Natanasabapathi, Gopishankar; Bisht, Raj Kishor [Gamma Knife Unit, Department of Neurosurgery, Neurosciences Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029 (India)] [Gamma Knife Unit, Department of Neurosurgery, Neurosciences Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029 (India)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: This paper presents EBT2 film verification of fractionated treatment planning with the Gamma Knife (GK) extend system, a relocatable frame system for multiple-fraction or serial multiple-session radiosurgery.Methods: A human head shaped phantom simulated the verification process for fractionated Gamma Knife treatment. Phantom preparation for Extend Frame based treatment planning involved creating a dental impression, fitting the phantom to the frame system, and acquiring a stereotactic computed tomography (CT) scan. A CT scan (Siemens, Emotion 6) of the phantom was obtained with following parameters: Tube voltage—110 kV, tube current—280 mA, pixel size—0.5 × 0.5 and 1 mm slice thickness. A treatment plan with two 8 mm collimator shots and three sectors blocking in each shot was made. Dose prescription of 4 Gy at 100% was delivered for the first fraction out of the two fractions planned. Gafchromic EBT2 film (ISP Wayne, NJ) was used as 2D verification dosimeter in this process. Films were cut and placed inside the film insert of the phantom for treatment dose delivery. Meanwhile a set of films from the same batch were exposed from 0 to 12 Gy doses for calibration purposes. An EPSON (Expression 10000 XL) scanner was used for scanning the exposed films in transparency mode. Scanned films were analyzed with inhouse written MATLAB codes.Results: Gamma index analysis of film measurement in comparison with TPS calculated dose resulted in high pass rates >90% for tolerance criteria of 1%/1 mm. The isodose overlay and linear dose profiles of film measured and computed dose distribution on sagittal and coronal plane were in close agreement.Conclusions: Through this study, the authors propose treatment verification QA method for Extend frame based fractionated Gamma Knife radiosurgery using EBT2 film.

  3. q-Deformation of the AdS5 x S5 Superstring S-matrix and its Relativistic Limit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben Hoare; Timothy J. Hollowood; J. Luis Miramontes

    2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A set of four factorizable non-relativistic S-matrices for a multiplet of fundamental particles are defined based on the R-matrix of the quantum group deformation of the centrally extended superalgebra su(2|2). The S-matrices are a function of two independent couplings g and q=exp(i\\pi/k). The main result is to find the scalar factor, or dressing phase, which ensures that the unitarity and crossing equations are satisfied. For generic (g,k), the S-matrices are branched functions on a product of rapidity tori. In the limit k->infinity, one of them is identified with the S-matrix describing the magnon excitations on the string world sheet in AdS5 x S5, while another is the mirror S-matrix that is needed for the TBA. In the g->infinity limit, the rapidity torus degenerates, the branch points disappear and the S-matrices become meromorphic functions, as required by relativistic S-matrix theory. However, it is only the mirror S-matrix which satisfies the correct relativistic crossing equation. The mirror S-matrix in the relativistic limit is then closely related to that of the semi-symmetric space sine-Gordon theory obtained from the string theory by the Pohlmeyer reduction, but has anti-symmetric rather than symmetric bound states. The interpolating S-matrix realizes at the quantum level the fact that at the classical level the two theories correspond to different limits of a one-parameter family of symplectic structures of the same integrable system.

  4. Sensitivity study of explosive nucleosynthesis in Type Ia supernovae: I. Modification of individual thermonuclear reaction rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eduardo Bravo; Gabriel Martínez-Pinedo

    2012-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the sensitivity of the nucleosynthesis due to type Ia supernovae with respect to uncertainties in nuclear reaction rates. We have adopted a standard one-dimensional delayed detonation model of the explosion of a Chandrasekhar-mass white dwarf, and have post-processed the thermodynamic trajectories of every mass-shell with a nucleosynthetic code, with increases (decreases) by a factor of ten on the rates of 1196 nuclear reactions. We have computed as well hydrodynamic models for different rates of the fusion reactions of 12C and of 16O. For selected reactions, we have recomputed the nucleosynthesis with alternative prescriptions for their rates taken from the JINA REACLIB database, and have analyzed the temperature ranges where modifications of their rates have the strongest effect on nucleosynthesis. The nucleosynthesis resulting from the Type Ia supernova models is quite robust with respect to variations of nuclear reaction rates, with the exception of the reaction of fusion of 12C nuclei. The energy of the explosion changes by less than \\sim4%. The changes in the nucleosynthesis due to the modification of the rates of fusion reactions are as well quite modest, for instance no species with a mass fraction larger than 0.02 experiences a variation of its yield larger than a factor of two. We provide the sensitivity of the yields of the most abundant species with respect to the rates of the most intense reactions with protons, neutrons, and alphas. In general, the yields of Fe-group nuclei are more robust than the yields of intermediate-mass elements. Among the charged particle reactions, the most influential on supernova nucleosynthesis are 30Si + p \\rightleftarrows 31P + {\\gamma}, 20Ne + {\\alpha} \\rightleftarrows 24Mg + {\\gamma}, and 24Mg + {\\alpha} \\rightleftarrows 27Al + p. The temperatures at which a modification of their rate has a larger impact are in the range 2 < T < 4 GK. (abridged)

  5. New 34Cl proton-threshold states and the thermonuclear 33S(p,gamma)34Cl rate in ONe novae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Parikh; T. Faestermann; R. Hertenberger; R. Kruecken; D. Schafstadler; H. -F. Wirth; T. Behrens; V. Bildstein; S. Bishop; K. Eppinger; C. Herlitzius; C. Hinke; M. Schlarb; D. Seiler; K. Wimmer

    2009-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysis of presolar grains in primitive meteorites has shown isotopic ratios largely characteristic of the conditions thought to prevail in various astrophysical environments. A possible indicator for a grain of ONe nova origin is a large 33S abundance: nucleosynthesis calculations predict as much as 150 times the solar abundance of 33S in the ejecta of nova explosions on massive ONe white dwarfs. This overproduction factor may, however, vary by factors of at least 0.01 - 3 because of uncertainties of several orders of magnitude in the 33S(p,gamma)34Cl reaction rate at nova peak temperatures (Tpeak ~ 0.1 - 0.4 GK). These uncertainties arise due to the lack of nuclear physics information for states within ~ 600 keV of the 33S+p threshold in 34Cl (Sp(34Cl) = 5143 keV). To better constrain this rate we have measured, for the first time, the 34S(3He,t)34Cl reaction over the region Ex(34Cl) = 4.9 - 6 MeV. We confirm previous states and find 15 new states in this energy region. New 33S(p,gamma)34Cl resonances at ER = 281(2), 301(2) and 342(2) keV may dominate this rate at relevant nova temperatures. Our results could affect predictions of sulphur isotopic ratios in nova ejecta (e.g., 32S/33S) that may be used as diagnostic tools for the nova paternity of grains.

  6. Examination of the role of the $^{14}$O($?$,$p$)$^{17}$F reaction rate in type I x-ray bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Hu; J. J. He; A. Parikh; S. W. Xu; H. Yamaguchi; D. Kahl; P. Ma; J. Su; H. W. Wang; T. Nakao; Y. Wakabayashi; T. Teranishi; K. I. Hahn; J. Y. Moon; H. S. Jung; T. Hashimoto; A. A. Chen; D. Irvine; C. S. Lee; S. Kubono

    2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The $^{14}$O($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{17}$F reaction is one of the key reactions involved in the breakout from the hot-CNO cycle to the rp-process in type I x-ray bursts (XRBs). The resonant properties in the compound nucleus $^{18}$Ne have been investigated through resonant elastic scattering of $^{17}$F+$p$. The radioactive $^{17}$F beam was separated by the CNS Radioactive Ion Beam separator (CRIB) and bombarded a thick H$_2$ gas target at 3.6 MeV/nucleon. The recoiling light particles were measured by three ${\\Delta}$E-E silicon telescopes at laboratory angles of $\\theta$$_{lab}$$\\approx$3$^\\circ$, 10$^\\circ$ and 18$^\\circ$, respectively. Five resonances at $E_{x}$=6.15, 6.28, 6.35, 6.85, and 7.05 MeV were observed in the excitation functions, and their spin-parities have been determined based on an $R$-matrix analysis. In particular, $J^{\\pi}$=1$^-$ was firmly assigned to the 6.15-MeV state which dominates the thermonuclear $^{14}$O($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{17}$F rate below 2 GK. As well, a possible new excited state in $^{18}$Ne was observed at $E_{x}$=6.85$\\pm$0.11 MeV with tentative $J$=0 assignment. This state could be the analog state of the 6.880 MeV (0$^{-}$) level in the mirror nucleus $^{18}$O, or a bandhead state (0$^+$) of the six-particle four-hole (6$p$-4$h$) band. A new thermonuclear $^{14}$O($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{17}$F rate has been determined, and the astrophysical impact of multiple recent rates has been examined using an XRB model. Contrary to previous expectations, we find only modest impact on predicted nuclear energy generation rates from using reaction rates differing by up to several orders of magnitude.

  7. Properties of resonant states in 18Ne relevant to key 14O(alpha,p)17F breakout reaction in type I x-ray bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Hu; J. J. He; A. Parikh; S. W. Xu; H. Yamaguchi; D. Kahl; P. Ma; J. Su; H. W. Wang; T. Nakao; Y. Wakabayashi; T. Teranishi; K. I. Hahn; J. Y. Moon; H. S. Sung; T. Hashimoto; A. A. Chen; D. Irvine; C. S. Lee; S. Kubono

    2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The $^{14}$O($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{17}$F reaction is one of the key reactions involved in the breakout from the hot-CNO cycle to the rp-process in type I x-ray bursts. The resonant properties in the compound nucleus $^{18}$Ne have been investigated through resonant elastic scattering of $^{17}$F+$p$. The radioactive $^{17}$F beam was separated by the CNS Radioactive Ion Beam separator (CRIB) and bombarded a thick H$_2$ gas target at 3.6 MeV/nucleon. The recoiling light particles were measured by using three ${\\Delta}$E-E silicon telescopes at laboratory angles of $\\theta$$_{lab}$$\\approx$3$^\\circ$, 10$^\\circ$ and 18$^\\circ$, respectively. Five resonances at $E_{x}$=6.15, 6.28, 6.35, 6.85, and 7.05 MeV were observed in the excitation functions. Based on an $R$-matrix analysis, $J^{\\pi}$=1$^-$ was firmly assigned to the 6.15-MeV state. This state dominates the thermonuclear $^{14}$O($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{17}$F rate below 1 GK. We have also confirmed the existence and spin-parities of three states between 6.1 and 6.4 MeV. As well, a possible new excited state in $^{18}$Ne was observed at $E_{x}$=6.85$\\pm$0.11 MeV and tentatively assigned as $J$=0. This state could be the analog state of the 6.880 MeV (0$^{-}$) level in the mirror nucleus $^{18}$O, or a bandhead state (0$^+$) of the six-particle four-hole (6$p$-4$h$) band. A new thermonuclear rate of the $^{14}$O($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{17}$F reaction has been determined, and its astrophysical impact has been examined within the framework of one-zone x-ray burst postprocessing calculations.

  8. Alkoxide routes to Inorganic Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, George H [ORNL

    2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An all alkoxide solution chemistry utilizing metal 2-methoxyethoxide complexes in 2-methoxyethanol was used to deposit thin-films of metal oxides on single-crystal metal oxide substrates and on biaxially textured metal substrates. This same chemistry was used to synthesize complex metal oxide nanoparticles. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy was used to study precursor solutions of the alkaline niobates and tantalates. Film crystallization temperatures were determined from x-ray diffraction patterns of powders derived from the metal oxide precursor solutions. Film structure was determined via x-ray diffraction. Film morphology was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Epitaxial thin-films of strontium bismuth tantalate (SrBi{sub 2}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 9}, SBT) and strontium bismuth niobate (SrBi{sub 2}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 9}, SBN) were deposited on single crystal [1 0 0] magnesium oxide (MgO) buffered with lanthanum manganate (LaMnO{sub 3}, LMO). Epitaxial thin films of LMO were deposited on single crystal [100] MgO via Rf-magnetron sputtering and on single crysal [100] lanthanum aluminate (LaAlO{sub 3}) via the chemical solution deposition technique. Epitaxial thin-films of sodium potassium tantalate (na{sub 0.5}K{sub 0.5}TaO{sub 3}, NKT), sodium potassium niobate (Na{sub 0.5}K{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 3}, NKN) and sodium potassium tantalum niobate (Na{sub 0.5}K{sub 0.5}Ta{sub 0.5}O{sub 3}, NKTN) were deposited on single crystal [1 0 0] lanthanum aluminate and [1 0 0] MgO substrates (NKT and NKN) and biaxially textured metal substrates via the chemical solution deposition technique. Epitaxial growth of thin-films of NKT, NKN and NKTN was observed on LAO and Ni-5% W. Epitaxial growth of thin-films of NKN and the growth of c-axis aligned thin-films of NKT was observed on MgO. Nanoparticles of SBT, SBN, NKT and NKN were synthesized in reverse micelles from alkoxide precursor solutions. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron spectroscopy investigations reveal that amorphous nanoparticles ({approx} 5 nm) of SBT and SBN were synthesized. X-ray diffraction investigations reveal that nanoparticles ({approx} nm) of NKT and NKN were also synthesized by this method.

  9. The Effects of Variations in Nuclear Interactions on Nucleosynthesis in Thermonuclear Supernovae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anuj Parikh; Jordi Jose; Ivo R. Seitenzahl; Friedrich K. Roepke

    2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The impact of nuclear physics uncertainties on nucleosynthesis in thermonuclear supernovae has not been fully explored using comprehensive and systematic studies with multiple models. To better constrain predictions of yields from these phenomena, we have performed a sensitivity study by post-processing thermodynamic histories from two different hydrodynamic, Chandrasekhar-mass explosion models. We have individually varied all input reaction and, for the first time, weak interaction rates by a factor of ten and compared the yields in each case to yields using standard rates. Of the 2305 nuclear reactions in our network, we find that the rates of only 53 reactions affect the yield of any species with an abundance of at least 10^-8 M_sun by at least a factor of two, in either model. The rates of the 12C(a,g), 12C+12C, 20Ne(a,p), 20Ne(a,g) and 30Si(p,g) reactions are among those that modify the most yields when varied by a factor of ten. From the individual variation of 658 weak interaction rates in our network by a factor of ten, only the stellar 28Si(b+)28Al, 32S(b+)32P and 36Ar(b+)36Cl rates significantly affect the yields of species in a model. Additional tests reveal that reaction rate changes over temperatures T > 1.5 GK have the greatest impact, and that ratios of radionuclides that may be used as explosion diagnostics change by a factor of less than two from the variation of individual rates by a factor of 10. Nucleosynthesis in the two adopted models is relatively robust to variations in individual nuclear reaction and weak interaction rates. Laboratory measurements of a limited number of reactions would help to further constrain predictions. As well, we confirm the need for a consistent treatment for relevant stellar weak interaction rates since simultaneous variation of these rates (as opposed to individual variation) has a significant effect on yields in our models.

  10. Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S

    2001-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFOTM exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer-coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the center-point of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SAS{trademark} access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).

  11. Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFO{trademark} exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer- coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the centerpoint of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SASTM access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).