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  1. Suriname-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Suriname-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Suriname-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap...

  2. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  3. CHECKLIST of the PLANTS of the GUIANAS (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    is a preliminary listing of the known vascular plants (flowering plants, gnetophytes, cycads, conifers, ferns. This checklist is an attempt to list all of the vascular plants and bryophytes of the Guianas in an effortCHECKLIST of the PLANTS of the GUIANAS (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana) J. Boggan, V. Funk, C

  4. The influence of sea-level changes on tropical coastal lowlands; the Pleistocene Coropina Formation, Suriname

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    of Paleocene­Eocene bauxites. This study deals with the stratigraphy, sedimentology and chronology A general problem in terrestrial and coastal sedimentology and stratigraphy is the common lack of precise the sedimentology of a Pleistocene­Holocene succession in the coastal plain of Suriname and use palaeomagnetic

  5. Journal of Geological Society of Sri Lanka Vol. 15 (2013), 69-83 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY POTENTIAL IN SRI LANKA: A PRELIMINARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    2013-01-01

    Journal of Geological Society of Sri Lanka Vol. 15 (2013), 69-83 69 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY POTENTIAL faults or hot dry rock that would help geothermal energy development. Data show three regions, metamorphic terrains INTRODUCTION Geothermal energy development in Sri Lanka has been considered

  6. Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities: Transport and Building Electricity Use Jump to: navigation, search Name Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions...

  7. Sri Lanka Credit to Connect | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to:Spill PreventionJumpPapers Ltd SPLSri Lanka Credit

  8. The trouser under the cloth : Ceylon/Sri Lanka, personal space in the decolonization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pieris, Anoma D. (Anoma Darshani)

    1994-01-01

    This thesis examines the processes of decolonization in Ceylon/Sri Lanka, through the expressions of personal space surrounding the event of political independence. Personal space is understood as dress, manners, and ...

  9. Feasibility of an appliance energy testing and labeling program for Sri Lanka

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biermayer, Peter; Busch, John; Hakim, Sajid; Turiel, Issac; du Pont, Peter; Stone, Chris

    2000-04-01

    A feasibility study evaluated the costs and benefits of establishing a program for testing, labeling and setting minimum efficiency standards for appliances and lighting in Sri Lanka. The feasibility study included: refrigerators, air-conditioners, flourescent lighting (ballasts & CFls), ceiling fans, motors, and televisions.

  10. Impacts of the 2004 tsunami on groundwater resources in Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clement, Prabhakar

    Impacts of the 2004 tsunami on groundwater resources in Sri Lanka Tissa Illangasekare,1 Scott W 2006; accepted 9 March 2006; published 9 May 2006. [1] The 26 December 2004 tsunami caused widespread of the impacts of the tsunami and to provide recommendations for the future of coastal water resources in south

  11. Using HOMER Software, NREL's Micropower Optimization Model, to Explore the Role of Gen-sets in Small Solar Power Systems; Case Study: Sri Lanka

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Givler, T.; Lilienthal, P.

    2005-05-01

    This paper discusses using HOMER Software, NREL's Micropower Optimization Model, to explore the role of gen-sets in small solar power systems in Sri Lanka.

  12. Sri Lanka-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to:Spill PreventionJumpPapers Ltd SPLSri Lanka

  13. Village agroforestry systems and tree-use practices: A case study in Sri Lanka. Multipurpose tree species network research series

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wickramasinghe, A.

    1992-01-01

    Village agroforestry systems in Sri Lanka have evolved through farmers' efforts to meet their survival needs. The paper examines farmers' land-use systems and their perceptions of the role of trees in the villages of Bambarabedda and Madugalla in central Sri Lanka. The benefits of village agroforestry are diverse food, fuelwood, fodder, timber, and mulch, but food products are of outstanding importance. The ability of Artocarpus heterophyllus (the jackfruit tree) and Cocos nucifera (coconut) to ensure food security during the dry season and provide traditional foods throughout the year, as well as to grow in limited space, make them popular crops in the two study villages. The study recommends that further research precede the formulation of agricultural interventions and that efforts to promote improved tree varieties recognize farmers' practices and expressed needs.

  14. Proceedings of the International Conference on Information and Automation, December 15-17, 2006, Colombo, Sri Lanka. 1 Sahana: Overview of a Disaster Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daume III, Hal

    , Colombo, Sri Lanka. 1 Sahana: Overview of a Disaster Management System Mifan Careem, Chamindra De Silva. it then describes the anatomy of the Sahana system. We follow up with a case study of Sahana deployment and lessons learned. I. INTRODUCTION Recent disasters such as the 2003 SARS outbreak, the 2004 Asian tsunami, the 2005

  15. Suriname: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarketMember CorpSunvie SASand Power Ltd

  16. Swaziland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and process applications for licenses, and modifyvary licenses.Approve tariffs, prices, charges and terms and conditions of operating a license.Monitor the performance and...

  17. International workshop: Planning for climate change through integrated coastal management. Volume 2: Country and regional reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    This workshop included reports from the following countries: Argentina; Bulgaria; Egypt; Estonia; Fiji; Indonesia; Mozambique; Nigeria; Oman; The Philippines; Senegal; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Thailand; and Tuvalu; Regional reports were included on the following: Small Island Developing States of the Pacific; South Pacific Regional Environment Program; and Sea Level Rise Impacts on Central America.

  18. Suriname-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren)Model for theSunLanSuperDrive IncCity,OpenResilience

  19. Suriname-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarketMember CorpSunvie SASand Power Ltd JumpStrategy

  20. Sundaya Lanka Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren)Model for theSunLan Solar Co LtdSunbury, Ohio:Lake,Sundaya

  1. Sri Lanka: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbHSoloPage Edit withSpionSquaw Valley,Transport

  2. Effect of Intensive Agriculture on Small Mammal Communities in and Adjacent to Conservation Areas in Swaziland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurst, Zachary Matthew

    2012-02-14

    . Minnie and the staff of Nisela Farms, without whose help I may still be wandering around in the bush. I would also like to thank K. Roques, Mduduzi and the staff of All-Out Africa for assistance in the field, help with logistics, as well as... to thank the Texas A&M Board of Regents for providing funding that allowed me to conduct my research in Africa. A special thanks goes to my mentors A. Monadjem who taught me many lessons and without whom I would have not been able to complete the project...

  3. Tobacco Control Legislation in Costa Rica (1971-2012): After 40 Years of Tobacco Industry Dominance, Tobacco Control Advocacy Succeeds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crosbie, Eric MA; Sebrie, Ernesto M. MD MPH; Glantz, Stanton A. PhD

    2012-01-01

    markets of Suriname, Barbados, and a group of 21  islands, markets of Suriname, Barbados, and a group of 21  islands, 

  4. Non-Timber Forest Products in Sri Lanka Rangika Perera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Center Louisiana State University Agricultural Center Forest Products Society 61st International and beeswax Medicines Bushmeat Perfumes and cosmetics Other edible animal products Dyeing and tanning Hides, and Bushmeat #12;Rattan Chair Bamboo Handicrafts Rattan and Bamboo Garden House #12;Honey Collection- Modern

  5. Perspectives on the Use of the Internet in Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amarasinghe, Saman

    of Government. He is also temporarily associated with a Developing Countries and IT Study Group (a non IT and the developing world study group (an informal network at LCS), including David Clark, Hamish Fraser, Libby graduation, he worked as a Consultant to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for six months. He

  6. Sri Lanka-DLR Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfin JumpOpenColorado)SpiderSreyas CorporateDLR

  7. Apollo Solar Lanka Limited ASLL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminex A S Jump to:Angola onAperion Energy Systems

  8. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    -Bissau Maldives Papua New Guinea Swaziland Anguilla Colombia Guyana Mali Paraguay Tajikistan Argentina Comoros

  9. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    -Bissau Malawi Papua New Guinea Swaziland Argentina Colombia Guyana Malaysia Paraguay Tajikistan Armenia Comoros

  10. UNESCO MANUAL 23 November 2009 page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suriname Colombia Mauritania Tajikistan Comoros Mauritius Togo Democratic Republic of the New Caledonia

  11. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    Peru Comoros China, Hong Kong SAR Suriname Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa) China, Macau SAR Uruguay Congo

  12. Project 2012: Increasing Female Representation in Government

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLean, Lindsey

    2011-01-01

    Sierra Leone Suriname Liberia French Guiana Ghana TogoHG) Iceland (HG) Ireland (HS) Liberia (HS/HG) Lithuania (HS)

  13. Rice and Memory in the Age of Enslavement: Atlantic Passages to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Slavery in Suriname was notorious for its brutal demands on labor and the attenuated life expectancies in Suriname took the risk. By the 1670s, official commentaries com- plain about the presence of Maroons upon enslaved Africans for labor. This examination of rice origins in Suriname contributes

  14. Innovation for Development: A comparative analysis of improved cookstoves in Sri Lanka and Tanzania 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haick, Cathrin

    2011-11-24

    This dissertation analyses innovation for development. Based on the case study of improved cookstoves, it aims to understand why some innovations are more successful than others, and what is needed for successful innovations ...

  15. The energy sector in Sri Lanka is currently a hotbed of activity and change. A reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    of the electricity sector in this small island country in South Asia. The country's current installed power capacity at an annual rate of 8-9%. 60% of the power comes from large-hydro facilities, however, almost all large hydro that intends to provide for off-grid power needs with renewable energy technologies like solar PV, micro-hydro

  16. Movin' on up : mainstreaming under-serviced urban communities in Colombo, Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wickrema, Marinne Dhakshike

    2005-01-01

    This thesis offers an early look at a radical shift in Sri Lankan urban housing policy regarding slums in the capital city of Colombo. During the 1980s, the Sri Lankan government achieved widespread urban improvements by ...

  17. Tall buildings in Asia : a critique on the high-rise building in Colombo, Shri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pieris, Anoma D. (Anoma Darshani)

    1993-01-01

    The recent generation of tall buildings in Asia have been appropriated from the West with little adaptation. With no understanding of the forces that have generated this building form, Asia embraces the high-rise as an ...

  18. File:Sri Lanka Wind Resource Map.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New Pages Recent ChangesPower-in-practice-and-theory-teacher.pdf2.pdf Jump4.pdfSlmetstSolarSri

  19. Microsoft Word - Sri_Lanka_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland: Energy ResourcesDec 2005 WindPRO isMickey HotMicrosemi CorpKenya

  20. Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities:

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbHSoloPage Edit withSpionSquaw Valley,Transport and

  1. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo, Dem. Rep. Congo,Bissau Chad Sierra Leone Comoros Vanuatu Afghanistan NigerBissau Freq. Swaziland Comoros Papua New Guinea Yemen, Rep.

  2. WORK PROGRAMME 2010 COOPERATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    Armenia3 LM Chad L Suriname LM Azerbaijan3 LM Comoros L Trinidad and UM Belarus3 LM Congo (Republic) LM

  3. Relationships between characteristics of contact farmers and follower farmers in the training and visit system of agricultural extension: Sri Lanka 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayatilaka, Malwattage Wijaya A. P.

    1982-01-01

    , similar others are considered to prov1de more accurate information than d1ssimilar others (Festinger, 1955; Mettee and Smith, 1977). In addi- tion, d1ssimilar others are sa1d to dislike and reject each other more 20 than similar others (Aronson.... The exchanged rewards could be mater1al resources, advice, esteem, compliance, etc. (Turner, 1978). Foa and Foa (1980) consider- ing all resources transacted in interpersonal situations, grouped re- sources to six classes - labeled love, status, information...

  4. Secondary state formation during the early iron age on the island of Sri Lanka : the evolution of a periphery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karunaratne, Priyantha Padmalal

    2010-01-01

    Chicago, Illinois, in (52) Symposium- Beyond basic formationIllinois. March 1999. xx ABSTRACT OF THE DISSERTATION Secondary State Formation

  5. Comparative Analysis of the Impact of Tsunami and Tsunami Interventions on Conflicts in Sri Lanka and Aceh/Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauman, Peter

    The objective of this field-based research was to assess the impact of natural disasters and disaster interventions on protracted intra-state conflicts and to provide insight for designing and implementing disaster ...

  6. A study of the factors affecting the sustainability of community managed rural water supply schemes in Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amerasinghe, Nishanthi Manjula

    2009-01-01

    Disparities in water supply coverage in urban and rural areas are high in developing countries, with rural coverage being much lower. The inability of governments to provide the service because of resource constraints, and ...

  7. 10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Integrated Human Studies/ Human and Environmental Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 Nigeria 2 Ghana 1 Cameroon 1 Zambia 1 Morocco 1 Ethiopia 2 Zimbabwe 1 South Africa 2 Malawi 1 Swaziland 1

  8. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01

    Greece Tunisia Togo Thailand Liberia Morocco Niger Cote d’Madagascar Rwanda Tunisia Liberia Cameroon Sri Lanka Tunisia

  9. California’s Water Footprint: recent trends and framework for a sustainable transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fulton, Julian

    2015-01-01

    Africa. Barbier, EB. 2004. “Water and Economic Growth. ”Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute. CDF,California Department of Water Resources. 2015. “California

  10. Asian Development Bank Technical Assistance Report on Building...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Asian Development Bank Technical Assistance Report on Building the Capacity of the Sustainable Energy Authority in Sri Lanka Jump to: navigation, search Name Asian Development Bank...

  11. Center for Research in Wireless Communications Clemson Home > Home > People > Staff > James H. Jones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    -5903 Professional preparation: B.S., Electrical Engineering, with honors, Clemson University President's Class Bureau of Standards. Foreign Governments: Greece, Egypt, Iran, Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka

  12. South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.usaid.govourwork Country Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia,...

  13. Cubing the Kyoto Protocol: Post-Copenhagen Regulatory Reforms to Reset the Global Thermostat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrey, Steven

    2010-01-01

    India and Thailand are from SPP independent renewable energyRenewable Energy Controlled period Sri Lanka No Hydro Open offer India:

  14. A thermotectonic framework for the growth and stabilization of the eastern Kaapvaal craton, southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoene, Robert Blair

    2006-01-01

    Continents are an amalgamation of crust and mantle lithosphere assembled over -4 Gyr and are therefore our best record of the early Earth. Exposures of rocks -3.0-3.7 Ga cover -20,000 km2 of eastern S. Africa and Swaziland, ...

  15. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 577586, 2008 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/8/577/2008/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 577­586, 2008 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/8 Hazards and Earth System Sciences Integrated approach for coastal hazards and risks in Sri Lanka M. Garcin the importance of knowledge and the taking into account of coastal hazards. Sri Lanka was one of the countries

  16. Euphytica 122: 381389, 2001. 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provan, Jim

    Levels and distribution of genetic diversity of coconut (Cocos nucifera L., var. Typica form typica) fromGenetics and Plant Breeding Division, Coconut Research Institute, Lunuwila, Sri Lanka; 2Department of Cell for correspondence; e-mail: rescri@sri.lanka.net) Received 1 March 2000; accepted 12 February 2001 Key words: coconut

  17. M. Palumbo, L. R. Beuchat, M. D. Danyluk, and L. J. Harris, USDA NIFSI, 2009-01951. Updated 1/26/2015. For updates: http://ucfoodsaafety.ucdavis.edu/files/156342

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    Authority, 2012 Coconut, desiccated (shred, flake, flour) Imports from Sri Lanka (Ceylon), sampled in UK 20 Coconut, desiccated Imports from Sri Lanka (Ceylon), sampled in Australia not given 35 9 Paratyphi B (1/9 samples), Butantan, Edinberg, Perth Kovacs, 1959 Coconut, desiccated Port receiving, England not given 8

  18. 2015, Latin American Public Opinion Project www.AmericasBarometer.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    couples. In recent years, samesex marriages have been recognized in Uruguay, Brazil Argentina Uruguay Haiti Belize Trinidad and Tobago Suriname Dominican Republic Panama Peru Mexico Brazil United States Canada 0.0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 Approval of Same-Sex Couples' Right to Marry 95 % Confidence

  19. Parameterization of meander-belt elements in high-resolution three-dimensional seismic data using the GeoTime cube

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    the meander belt in the up- and downstream direction. High-resolution three-dimensional seismic (3D HRS) data caused by post-depositional processes. A method called GeoTime cube is presented that over- comes study of a fluvio-estuarine reservoir from Suriname demonstrates how fluvial point bars, channel fills

  20. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 55935599, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/5593/2010/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    been obtained at Paramaribo, Suriname (5.8 N, 55.2 W). The remote sens- ing observations the NOAA/ESRL stations Ascension Is. (ASC), 7.9 S, 14.4 W, and Ragged Point (RPB), 13.2 N, 59.4 W, the data

  1. On 26 December 2004 the Indonesian sub-duction zone near the northern end of Sumatra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in northern Sumatra and expanded across the Indian Ocean and Andaman Sea, striking Sri Lanka and Thailand,it radiated seismic waves into the surrounding rock.The elastic waves expanded outward through Earth

  2. Defining the source region of the Indian Ocean Tsunami from GPS, altimeters, tide gauges and tsunami models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Socquet, Anne

    propagation time of the rupture led to constructive interference of waves radiating first from the South and minutes later from the North, strengthening the tsunami in Southern India, Sri Lanka and Thailand. We

  3. Our Ocean Backyard Santa Cruz Sentinel columns by Gary Griggs, Director, Institute of Marine Sciences, UC Santa Cruz.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Rotterdam to Sri Lanka, the Danish registered container ship, Svendborg Maersk, encountered hurricane force vessel in a hurry. The containers shifted under the wave impact and over 40 were lost overboard. Who

  4. ATR 1 (1) pp. 131137 Intellect Limited 2013 Applied Theatre Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    , Uganda, Argentina, Peru, Sri Lanka, #12;book Reviews 132 Cambodia, Australia, Israel and the United. This is only one of the many stories that strike the heart of the reader and showcase the power of performance

  5. Guardians of childhood: state, class and morality in a Sri Lankan bureaucracy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amarasuriya, Harini Nireka

    2011-07-04

    This thesis explores the everyday practices, relationships and interactions in a Probation Unit of the Department of Probation and Child Care Services in the Central Province in Sri Lanka. Using multi-sited ethnography ...

  6. Stories of Home: Generation, Memory, and Displacement among Jaffna Tamils and Jaffna Muslims 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thiranagama, Sharika

    2006-01-01

    The Sri Lankan civil war has been ongoing for over twenty years. Fought out in the civilian areas of the North and East of Sri Lanka, between the Sri Lankan Government and the LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) it ...

  7. PUBLICLECTURE Thursday 6 December 2012 5.30 6.30pm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    , and the impact of agricultural research on poverty. She has conducted field work in Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka publications, including Collective Action and Property Rights for Poverty Reduction: Insights from Africa

  8. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01

    2000), India (2001) and Croatia (2001) initiated mini-and Zimbabwe. Thailand-Zimbabwe, Thailand-Croatia, Thailand-Iran, Zimbabwe-Croatia, Zimbabwe-Sri Lanka, Croatia- Iran,

  9. Shrimp Imports 37 Kenya 0.6 in 1972 Total 223.2 38 Mozambique 33.2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .3 The statistics, provided to the NMFS 14 Greenland 117.6 47 Paraguay 46.0 Statistics and Market News Division countries with 21 Austria 3.8 54 Surinam 2,132.6 more than 80 million pounds. India was 22 Turkey 7.5 55- 25 India 33,523.5 58 Haiti 12.2 ports. Imports from the People's Repub- 26 Sri Lamka 489.4 59 Jamaica

  10. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  11. Energy resources in southern Africa: a select bibliography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cavan, A.

    1981-01-01

    The aims, progress, and possibilities involved in Southern Africa's energy development are the subject of this 473-item bibliography. The primary items of information described in this document are relatively recent (1975-81), originate from both indigenous and international sources, and are mostly in English, although a few are in French and Portuguese. The presented information focuses on the African continent, the Southern African region, and the nations of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The energy source topics include alcohol, coal, gas, oil, solar, uranium, water, wind, and wood; as well as a general energy-development category.

  12. Oilfields of the World. Third edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tiratsoo, E.N.

    1985-01-01

    This third edition (updated to 1984) covers all of the world's major producing areas (both onshore and offshore) on six continents. It offers essential geologic, reserves, and production data on 13 nations that have become commercial oil producers in the last five years: Benin, Cameroon, Congo Republic, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Sudan, Zaire, Greece, The Phillippines, Sharjah, Thailand, Guatemala, and Surinam. Numerous maps display the geologic details of each area. This book also contains full-color maps of the oil and gas fields of the North Sea, Persian Gulf, Mexico, Venezuela, and Brazil.

  13. OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 116 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the following agencies: Department of Energy, Mines and Resources (Canada) Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft Environment Research Council (United Kingdom) European Science Foundation Consortium for the Ocean Drilling in the world, extending some 3000 km from the slope south of the Bengal delta to merge with the Sri Lanka

  14. Distribution and dynamics of mangrove forests of South Asiaq Chandra Giri a,*, Jordan Long b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    57198, USA c World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Pakistan d The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. These forests provide important ecosystem goods and services to the region's dense three case studies in Indus Delta (Pakistan), Goa (India), and Sundarbans (Bangladesh and India

  15. COLING 2014 The 25th International Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Southeast Asia, on the other hand, consists of Brunei, Burma Abdul Rauf, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Pakistan WSSANLP Invited Speaker Vincent Berment, INa, France (Director) Program Committee Sadaf Abdul Rauf, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Pakistan Nave

  16. Displacement currents in semiconductor quantum dots embedded dielectric media: A method for room temperature photon detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perera, A. G. Unil

    , Kandy, Central 20 000, Sri Lanka Received 14 June 2007; accepted 12 July 2007; published online 7 August semiconductors can be sensitized to the electromagnetic spectrum from ultraviolet to far IR. Photovoltaic­13 In photovoltaic detectors, interpenetrating networks of polymer and Qds communicate with two electrodes

  17. Policy Brief No.11 june 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Policy Brief No.11 june 2006 Human-elephant conflict and rural poverty in Sri Lanka School outing to Pinnawale elephant orphanage Issues facing policy-makers: · What is the link between conflict and poverty now compete with the rural poor for scarce land and water resources. Rural poverty persists in Sri

  18. This Provisional PDF corresponds to the article as it appeared upon acceptance. Fully formatted PDF and full text (HTML) versions will be made available soon.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanley, Kathryn A.

    in dengue virus serotype 3 (DENV3), a mosquito-borne pathogen of humans. In Sri Lanka in the 1980's strain associated with the most severe disease manifestations, dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock and full text (HTML) versions will be made available soon. Superior infectivity for mosquito vectors

  19. Euphytica 00: 18, 2003. 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provan, Jim

    genetic relationships among coconut varieties/populations using microsatellite markers L. Perera1,, J.R. Russell2, J. Provan2 & W. Powell2 1Genetics and Plant Breeding Division, Coconut Research Institute@sri.lanka.net, lalithperera63@hotmail.com) Received 17 July 2002; accepted 2 March 2003 Key words: coconut, Cocos nucifera

  20. fied fragments of cloned alleles were used for size determina-tion at the respective loci.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provan, Jim

    in coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) and the analysis of coconut populations in Sri Lanka L. PERERA, J. R. RUSSELL, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA, UK Keywords: coconut, Cocos nucifera, SSR, microsatellite Received 14 September.Russell@scri.sari.ac.uk The coconut palm, Cocos nucifera L. is a major plantation crop and the most important palm of the wet tropics

  1. Communicated by J. W. Snape L. Perera J. R. Russell J. Provan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provan, Jim

    between indigenous coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) accessions from Sri Lanka by means of AFLP profiling Received: 16 June 1997 / Accepted: 14 October 1997 Abstract PCR-based DNA profiling of coconut palms. These observations have im- portant implications for the maintenance and collec- tion of coconut germplasm

  2. Acknowledgments: UNEP/WMO, IIASA, JRC, US EPA, SEI, Scripps, Middlebury, U York,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (particle filters+) ­ Replacing coal in residential stoves ­ Replacing residential wood burning in Industrialized countries ­ Clean-burning cookstoves in developing countries ­ Modern brick kilns ­ Modern coke + Sri Lanka South East Asia China Rice paddies Livestock manure Wastewater Municipal waste Coal mines

  3. Epidemiological aspects of Claviceps africana, causal agent of Sorghum ergot 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noe, Montes Garcia; Noe, Montes Garcia

    2005-02-17

    . propinquum (K.) Hitch., which is a native perennial of Sri Lanka and southern India, and from Burma eastward to the islands of south-eastern Asia, and S. bicolor (L.) Moench which includes all the domesticated taxa, a widely-distributed and ecologically...

  4. Inheritance of antioxidant activity and its association with seed coat color in Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (l.) walp.) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ndambe Nzaramba, Magnifique

    2005-08-29

    .S.A., Burma, Sri Lanka and Australia all have significant production. Production figures in the U.S.A. were estimated at about 800,000 hectares/year. Georgia, California and Texas are the leading producers, accounting for about 60% of the total production...

  5. Anti-inflammatory Properties of Cowpea Phenotypes with different Phenolic Profiles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ojwang, Leonnard

    2012-07-16

    of protein. Brazil, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Haiti, Senegal, Cameron, Burkina Faso, Australia and the U.S. also produce significant quantities (18, 19). In the U.S., the total production of cowpeas is estimated at 60,000 to 80,000 acres, of which...

  6. Where Have Rich Vlosky's Graduate Students Ended Up? September 22, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DISTRIBUTION OF NATURAL RESOURCE-BASED INDUSTRIES Francisco X. Aguilar, Ph.D. Associate Professor Department of Forestry, School of Natural Resources 203L Anheuser-Busch Natural Resources Building University of Missouri Gangodawila, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka Ph.D. Rangika Bandara Perera. Dissertation Title: EFFECTS OF ECOTOURIST PRE

  7. Real-time forecasting of the April 11, 2012 Sumatra tsunami Dailin Wang,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duputel, Zacharie

    Real-time forecasting of the April 11, 2012 Sumatra tsunami Dailin Wang,1 Nathan C. Becker,1 David generated a tsunami that was recorded at sea-level stations as far as 4800 km from the epi- center, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Maldives issued tsunami warnings for their coastlines. The United States

  8. Strategies of Asian oil-importing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, M.

    1997-04-01

    Various strategies are used by oil-importing countries to reduce their economic dependence on imported oil: national oil production, energy conservation, and the change of economic structures from high energy intensity sectors to low ones. In this article, the roles of these different strategies have been identified for 10 selected oil-importing countries in Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong, R.O Korea, and Taiwan. The results show that most of the selected countries (although Hong Kong and Taiwan are independent economic entities, for simplicity, the author refers to them as countries) have succeeded in reducing their national economy dependence on imported oil since 1973. Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India are among the most successful countries, with more than 40% reduction in their economic dependence on imported oil.

  9. Financial constraints and firms' investment: results of a natural experiment measuring firm response to power interruption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinbuks, J.

    . They accomplish this by providing cash and equipment grants to small ?rms in Sri Lanka and Mexico, and measuring the increase in pro?ts arising from this exogenous (positive) shock to capital stock. After controlling for possible spillover e¤ects, the shock... active regional investment policies are not implemented. Sub-Saharan African countries ?t this criterion, because implementation of such policies is limited by political instability, corruption, ethnical fragmentations and clan struggles (Easterly...

  10. ‘A confession of ignorance’: deaths from old age and deciphering cause-of-death statistics in Scotland, 1855 – 1949

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reid, Alice; Garrett, Eilidh; Dibben, Chris; Williamson, Lee

    2015-02-05

    and Wales, Sweden, Japan, Chile and Sri Lanka (then Ceylon), and he later developed his ideas with data from the USA (Omran, 1971, 1977). Thomas McKeown (1976a) also used cause-of-death data for England and Wales as the basis for his controversial theory... the ‘official’ cause-of-death series published in the annual reports of the Registrar General for Scotland from 1855 to 1949 (Davenport, 2012). We mainly present the data in the form of mortality rates, rather than absolute numbers, and the population data which...

  11. Integrated rural energy planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mahgary, Y.; Biswas, A.K.

    1985-01-01

    This book presents papers on integrated community energy systems in developing countries. Topics considered include an integrated rural energy system in Sri Lanka, rural energy systems in Indonesia, integrated rural food-energy systems and technology diffusion in India, bringing energy to the rural sector in the Philippines, the development of a new energy village in China, the Niaga Wolof experimental rural energy center, designing a model rural energy system for Nigeria, the Basaisa village integrated field project, a rural energy project in Tanzania, rural energy development in Columbia, and guidelines for the planning, development and operation of integrated rural energy projects.

  12. The Issue Of National Integration in Nepal: An Ethnoregional Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattachan, Krishna B.; Pyakuryal, Kailash N.

    1996-01-01

    . as acute as in Sri Lanka or Yugoslavia? Can the pr c iss f national imcgration in epal be really equated with the idea of a ' rnclune pot' as i often d nc? Is J 'cpa! a 'garden of all astes and ethni group: ' in the real ense? And. houId the monopoly... of the dominant Hindu hill ca tc group end? Anicles have. no doubt appeared to address th se queri ,2 But rna t of them have somch \\ Ignored the policy impli arion of u h ethnoregiona l problems in the c ntcxt f national integration. Th i article intend I h w...

  13. Temporal Patterns of Diversification across Global Cichlid Biodiversity (Acanthomorpha: Cichlidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacMahan, Caleb D.; Chakrabarty, Prosanta; Sparks, John S.; Smith, William Leo; Davis, Matthew P.

    2013-08-19

    of the family Cichlidae, which is consistent with previous Gondwanan vicariance hypotheses that have explained the present distribution of cichlid taxa in Madagascar, India/Sri Lanka, Africa, Iran, and Central and South America (e.g., [23,24,46,47]). Our results... for the adaptive character of the Tanganyikan cichlid fish radiations. Evolution 61: 560–578. 18. Chakrabarty P (2005) Testing conjectures about morphological diversity in cichlids of lakes Malawi and Tanganyika. Copeia 2005: 359–373. 19. Rabosky DL (2006) LASER: a...

  14. Newsfront 17-23 September 2007, Issue 34

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    have any questions, you ask them.” Koirala’s demands from Menon varied from exploring Man Mohan Singh’s visit before the election to smooth supply of petrol. Menon is believed to have given positive response to the demand for petroleum. Menon described... the region for an in- depth work on post-Tsunami issues affecting the communi- ties. This is the first fellowship of the kind. An AMF release said the four journalists will work in Tsunami affected communities in India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, and Thailand...

  15. Reflections on Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macfarlane, Alan

    2014-09-22

    the mafia threaten people, is that violence? If a man comes home drunk and curses his wife, is that violence? Can we, as I’ve heard, even call certain kinds of music, architecture or even speech – for instance what 10 happened at Hitler’s rallies... . It seems nearer to what I’ve heard called ‘feuding’, such as what is happening in Israel and Palestine, Kashmir, Sri Lanka, many parts of Africa. Are these really feuds and, if so, what is a feud? 12 It’s obvious that there are many kinds of war...

  16. An assessment of the usefulness of 5 new synthetic pyrethroids in IPM programs for tobacco budworm control in cotton 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajakulendran, Sinnappu Victor

    1981-01-01

    New Synthetic Pyrethroids in IPM Programs for Tobacco Budworm Control in Cotton. (Mlay 1981) Sinnappu Victor Rajakulendran, B. Sc. (Agri. ) University of Sri Lanka Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. F. W. Plapp, Jr. Toxicity measurements were...-methyl ethyl) benzene acetate) and fluvalinate. Toxicity was de- termined to larvae of the tobacco budworm Heliothis (P. ), t d lt 1 *f 't p 't, ~tl t' sonorensis (Carlson), and to larvae of its predator, C~t * ddt pl ). Al*, ll d' f t t d as a...

  17. Tropical Africa: Land use, biomass, and carbon estimates for 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.; Gaston, G.; Daniels, R.C.

    1996-06-01

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980 and describes a methodology that may be used to extend this data set to 1990 and beyond based on population and land cover data. The biomass data and carbon estimates are for woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with the possible magnitude of historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth`s land surface and includes those countries that for the most part are located in Tropical Africa. Countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and in southern Africa (i.e., Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Western Sahara) have maximum potential biomass and land cover information but do not have biomass or carbon estimate. The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{sup TM} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass-carbon values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  18. South Asia Water Resources Workshop: An effort to promote water quality data sharing in South Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RAJEN,GAURAV; BIRINGER,KENT L.; BETSILL,J. DAVID

    2000-04-01

    To promote cooperation in South Asia on environmental research, an international working group comprised of participants from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the US convened at the Soaltee Hotel in Kathmandu, Nepal, September 12 to 14, 1999. The workshop was sponsored in part by the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, through funding provided by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nonproliferation and National Security. The CMC promotes collaborations among scientists and researchers in regions throughout the world as a means of achieving common regional security objectives. In the long term, the workshop organizers and participants are interested in the significance of regional information sharing as a means to build confidence and reduce conflict. The intermediate interests of the group focus on activities that might eventually foster regional management of some aspects of water resources utilization. The immediate purpose of the workshop was to begin the implementation phase of a project to collect and share water quality information at a number of river and coastal estuary locations throughout the region. The workshop participants achieved four objectives: (1) gaining a better understanding of the partner organizations involved; (2) garnering the support of existing regional organizations promoting environmental cooperation in South Asia; (3) identifying sites within the region at which data is to be collected; and (4) instituting a data and information collection and sharing process.

  19. Energy-conservation-investment decision making in developing countries: A review of project implementation in industry. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-12-01

    Despite recent efforts in a number of developing countries to promote energy conservation (EC) and efficiency, only a fraction of EC potential has been captured, especially for projects that require significant investments. The document analyzes EC efforts in 11 countries where energy audit and/or feasibility study programs have been carried out (Bangladesh, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Pakistan, Panama, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka), covering some 1,500 EC projects involving 242 industrial companies. Cost and length of payback seem to be the determining factors for companies considering EC measures; no-cost or low-cost projects with paybacks of less than a year (such as power factor improvement projects) had the highest rate of implementation, while expensive, complicated projects (e.g., cogeneration or fuel substitution projects) were most often rejected. The document concludes, however, that the rate of implementation of EC programs has been quite high, and recommends that inexpensive, short-term projects be featured in future EC programs and increased levels of TA and financial assistance be made available to companies implementing long-term EC measures.

  20. CMC Participation in the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (RCSS) Workshop: Defense, Technology and Cooperative Security in South Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biringer, K.L.; Olsen, J.

    1998-11-01

    As an ongoing part of the collaborative efforts between the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) at Sandia National Laboratories, the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), staff from the CMC served as faculty in conducting a workshop in Shanghai, China. Sponsor of the workshop was the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (RCSS) based in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The workshop included participants from throughout South Asia and China. The CMC presented four sessions related to the role of monitoring technologies in promoting regional security and building confidence among nations. Participation in these workshops supports U.S. efforts to further regional cooperation and promote arms control, nonproliferation and other cooperative securily measures and supplements efforts funded by DOE and ACDA over the past four years. The RCSS Shanghai meeting permitted a continued CMC involvement in regionally conducted training for anew generation of leaders in government, the military, and academia throughout South Asia and China. Nuclear issues are clearly a dominant South Asian concern since the nuclear tests of May 1998. However, there remains a strong interest in identifying opportunities for increased trade and reduced tensions in other areas. The RCSS and other regional organizations are enthusiastic about continued CMC involvement in future regional courses.

  1. The Java-Sumatra Aerial Mega-Tramway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Bolonkin; Richard Cathcart

    2007-01-09

    A mega-tramway based on the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Java is proposed to span Sunda Strait. The Java-Sumatra Aerial Mega-Tramway (JSAMT) will be self-elevating and will regularly and cheaply launch passengers and cargoes via two conveyor belt-like facilities using standard winged shipping containers like those currently used by international trucking and ocean shipping industries that are volplaned across the Sunda Strait. The JSAMT will be a self-sustaining toll facility free of any requirement for international loans or funding guarantees for its construction. Its existence will remove any immediate need for an expensive to dig/maintain Nusantara Tunnel. We offer the formative basic technical specifications for the JSAMT and indicate some of the physical and cultural geographical facts underpinning our macro-engineering proposal; offshoots of a perfected and tested JSAMT may be installed at Palk Strait between India and Sri Lanka, the Gibraltar Strait and the Bering Strait by mid-21st Century.

  2. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/11: Cooperative Environmental Monitoring in the Coastal Regions of India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajen, Gauray

    1999-06-01

    The cessation of hostilities between India and Pakistan is an immediate need and of global concern, as these countries have tested nuclear devices, and have the capability to deploy nuclear weapons and long-range ballistic missiles. Cooperative monitoring projects among neighboring countries in South Asia could build regional confidence, and, through gradual improvements in relations, reduce the threat of war and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This paper discusses monitoring the trans-border movement of flow and sediment in the Indian and Pakistani coastal areas. Through such a project, India and Pakistan could initiate greater cooperation, and engender movement towards the resolution of the Sir Creek territorial dispute in their coastal region. The Joint Working Groups dialogue being conducted by India and Pakistan provides a mechanism for promoting such a project. The proposed project also falls within a regional framework of cooperation agreed to by several South Asian countries. This framework has been codified in the South Asian Seas Action Plan, developed by Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. This framework provides a useful starting point for Indian and Pakistani cooperative monitoring in their trans-border coastal area. The project discussed in this paper involves computer modeling, the placement of in situ sensors for remote data acquisition, and the development of joint reports. Preliminary computer modeling studies are presented in the paper. These results illustrate the cross-flow connections between Indian and Pakistani coastal regions and strengthen the argument for cooperation. Technologies and actions similar to those suggested for the coastal project are likely to be applied in future arms control and treaty verification agreements. The project, therefore, serves as a demonstration of cooperative monitoring technologies. The project will also increase people-to-people contacts among Indian and Pakistani policy makers and scientists. In the perceptions of the general public, the project will crystallize the idea that the two countries share ecosystems and natural resources, and have a vested interest in increased collaboration.

  3. Evaluating climate models: Should we use weather or climate observations?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oglesby, Robert J [ORNL; Erickson III, David J [ORNL

    2009-12-01

    Calling the numerical models that we use for simulations of climate change 'climate models' is a bit of a misnomer. These 'general circulation models' (GCMs, AKA global climate models) and their cousins the 'regional climate models' (RCMs) are actually physically-based weather simulators. That is, these models simulate, either globally or locally, daily weather patterns in response to some change in forcing or boundary condition. These simulated weather patterns are then aggregated into climate statistics, very much as we aggregate observations into 'real climate statistics'. Traditionally, the output of GCMs has been evaluated using climate statistics, as opposed to their ability to simulate realistic daily weather observations. At the coarse global scale this may be a reasonable approach, however, as RCM's downscale to increasingly higher resolutions, the conjunction between weather and climate becomes more problematic. We present results from a series of present-day climate simulations using the WRF ARW for domains that cover North America, much of Latin America, and South Asia. The basic domains are at a 12 km resolution, but several inner domains at 4 km have also been simulated. These include regions of complex topography in Mexico, Colombia, Peru, and Sri Lanka, as well as a region of low topography and fairly homogeneous land surface type (the U.S. Great Plains). Model evaluations are performed using standard climate analyses (e.g., reanalyses; NCDC data) but also using time series of daily station observations. Preliminary results suggest little difference in the assessment of long-term mean quantities, but the variability on seasonal and interannual timescales is better described. Furthermore, the value-added by using daily weather observations as an evaluation tool increases with the model resolution.

  4. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

    2008-07-13

    Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such products. A contract has been competitively awarded to the Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) under the Lighting Africa Program to select and test ten solar lantern product models. Lantern selection will be determined based on a number of criteria, among them, the ability to provide a daily duty cycle of at least 3 hours of light, the number of days of autonomy of battery, the volume of sales (especially in Africa), and whether or not the manufacturing facility is ISO 9000 certified. Those that are confirmed as meeting the specifications may be eligible to receive a PVGAP quality seal. The work is being carried out in partnership with the Photovoltaic and Wind Quality Test Center in Beijing, China and TUV Rhineland in Koeln, Germany. As off-grid LED-based stand-alone lighting products is in a nascent stage of development compared to CFL-based lanterns, Lighting Africa will support the development of a 'Quality Screening' approach to selecting LED lighting, in order not to delay consumers benefiting from such advances. The screening methodology could be used by procurement agencies to qualify LED lighting products for bulk or programmatic procurements. The main elements of this work comprises of developing a procurement specification and test procedure for undertaking a 'quick' quality/usability screening to be used for procuring LED lights and to test up to 30 LED-based lights to screen products that meet the requirement. The second strategy is intended to meet a longer-term need associated with creating a self-sustaining product quality assurance program that will effectively protect the African consumer, prevent significant market spoiling, adapt with expected technological advancements over the long-term--in other words, give consumers the ability to detect quality products and the information needed to find products that meet their specific needs from among the myriad of lighting products that become available commercially. Workshop discussions and the discussions evolving from the workshop led the Lighting Africa team to opt for an approach similar to that of th

  5. Towards SEA for the developing nations of Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Briffett, Clive; Obbard, Jeffrey Philip; Mackee, Jamie

    2003-03-01

    In the developing and transitional countries of Asia, environmental impact assessment (EIA) has been widely practiced as a planning tool that identifies the potential impacts associated with developments and determines their level of significance and the need for mitigating measures. Not withstanding its extensive use in many Asian countries, certain limitations are now being increasingly recognised with regard to achieving sustainable development within the planning process. It is also noted that the natural environment in Asia has continued to be severely degraded despite the adoption of EIA. This research project was undertaken at the National University of Singapore to review the status on the implementation of EIA procedures and to investigate the status and potential of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) in Asia. The research project generally investigated the existing physical attributes of six countries including Hong Kong and Singapore, Malaysia and the Philippines, Sri Lanka and Vietnam and discussed their prevailing environmental conditions. It more specifically reviewed policymaking and environmental planning, environmental legislation and the practice and procedures of environmental impact assessment. It also evaluated environmental assessment education and training activities. In some cases such as Hong Kong, an opportunity to analyse actual SEA practice was included. In other cases, the potential for possible take up of formal SEA was assessed. A comparative review assesses the degree to which EIA and SEA procedures have been utilized, considers how the use of SEA could overcome the deficiencies of the EIA project-based system and includes aspects of meeting sustainability criteria. Results show that the use and application of EIA is relatively strong across all countries with the possible exception of Singapore which relies more heavily on its planning and control system to address potential environmental impacts arising from development projects. Despite this, EIAs have been undertaken in every country due to aid and bank lending agencies requiring them and multinational companies and many local NGOs completing voluntary EIAs. Even though the mandatory introduction of EIA into some countries is fairly recent such as Hong Kong (1999) and Vietnam (1994), efforts to conduct such investigations may have started many years before. The country reviews highlight many common problems and adverse influences that give rise to inadequate EIA practice, and in some cases, recommendations for improvement are proposed. The potential for SEA is assessed on the basis of its present usage which is generally small except for Hong Kong and the environmental strategic decision-making that is being conducted in policy, plan and programme formulations. While the more comprehensive and well-refined westernized model of SEA is generally weakly implemented at present, there is evidence to suggest that Agenda 21, along with other international treaties such as the Biodiversity Charter and the Ramsar Convention, has motivated certain sustainability initiatives that are resulting in increased environmental considerations at a strategic level. In some cases, these may be reflected in National Plan policymaking or in the sector and area-based activities of various ministries and departments. It is concluded that SEA potential is generally strong in those countries with smaller centralized bureaucracies but that its successful implementation will be highly dependent on changing the mind-sets and motivations of top personnel at ministerial level.