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  1. Suriname-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Suriname-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Suriname-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap...

  2. CHECKLIST of the PLANTS of the GUIANAS (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    is a preliminary listing of the known vascular plants (flowering plants, gnetophytes, cycads, conifers, ferns. This checklist is an attempt to list all of the vascular plants and bryophytes of the Guianas in an effortCHECKLIST of the PLANTS of the GUIANAS (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana) J. Boggan, V. Funk, C

  3. The influence of sea-level changes on tropical coastal lowlands; the Pleistocene Coropina Formation, Suriname

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    of Paleocene­Eocene bauxites. This study deals with the stratigraphy, sedimentology and chronology A general problem in terrestrial and coastal sedimentology and stratigraphy is the common lack of precise the sedimentology of a Pleistocene­Holocene succession in the coastal plain of Suriname and use palaeomagnetic

  4. Sudan Grass for Hay, Seed and Pasture. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinby, John Roy; Jones, D. L. (Don L.); Karper, R. E. (Robert Earl)

    1929-01-01

    . At Chillicothe, results from 191 5 to 191 7, inclusive, were air-dry weights, the shrinkage from field-cured to air-dry approximating 25 per cent. Seed weights are given in pounds to the acre of threshed seed. Broadcast plantings were made with a grain drill... seed-producing area for the United States. Sudan grass is the most important cultivated pasture crop in Texas. When grown in rows, it furnishes more continuous pasture than broadcast plantings, especially if the season be unfavorable. Growing in rows...

  5. Journal of Geological Society of Sri Lanka Vol. 15 (2013), 69-83 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY POTENTIAL IN SRI LANKA: A PRELIMINARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    2013-01-01

    Journal of Geological Society of Sri Lanka Vol. 15 (2013), 69-83 69 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY POTENTIAL faults or hot dry rock that would help geothermal energy development. Data show three regions, metamorphic terrains INTRODUCTION Geothermal energy development in Sri Lanka has been considered

  6. Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities: Transport and Building Electricity Use Jump to: navigation, search Name Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions...

  7. John O. Hunwick, editor. Religion and National Integration in Africa: Islam, Christianity, and Politics in the Sudan and Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dowd, Bob

    1997-01-01

    the authors who focus on Nigeria is that they do not simplyPolitics in the Sudan and Nigeria. (Chicago: NorthwesternIslam in the Sudan and Nigeria The papers were originally

  8. Sri Lanka Credit to Connect | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to:Spill PreventionJumpPapers Ltd SPLSri Lanka Credit

  9. The trouser under the cloth : Ceylon/Sri Lanka, personal space in the decolonization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pieris, Anoma D. (Anoma Darshani)

    1994-01-01

    This thesis examines the processes of decolonization in Ceylon/Sri Lanka, through the expressions of personal space surrounding the event of political independence. Personal space is understood as dress, manners, and ...

  10. Feasibility of an appliance energy testing and labeling program for Sri Lanka

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biermayer, Peter; Busch, John; Hakim, Sajid; Turiel, Issac; du Pont, Peter; Stone, Chris

    2000-04-01

    A feasibility study evaluated the costs and benefits of establishing a program for testing, labeling and setting minimum efficiency standards for appliances and lighting in Sri Lanka. The feasibility study included: refrigerators, air-conditioners, flourescent lighting (ballasts & CFls), ceiling fans, motors, and televisions.

  11. Impacts of the 2004 tsunami on groundwater resources in Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clement, Prabhakar

    Impacts of the 2004 tsunami on groundwater resources in Sri Lanka Tissa Illangasekare,1 Scott W 2006; accepted 9 March 2006; published 9 May 2006. [1] The 26 December 2004 tsunami caused widespread of the impacts of the tsunami and to provide recommendations for the future of coastal water resources in south

  12. A statistical perspective on data mining Jonathan Hosking, Edwin Pednault and Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    A statistical perspective on data mining Jonathan Hosking, Edwin Pednault and Madhu Sudan IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, N.Y., U.S.A. Abstract Data mining can be regarded as a collection of methods for drawing inferences from data. The aims of data mining,and some of its methods

  13. Solving Slavery in Sudan: Solving a Social Problem Through Nation Building 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krueger, Brandon

    2006-08-16

    of NGOs to stop slavery have largely failed, and perhaps even fueled the slave trade by paying to free slaves, which created a market for them. This thesis examines the complex history of Sudan that led to 2006, analyzes modern abolishment efforts...

  14. Using HOMER Software, NREL's Micropower Optimization Model, to Explore the Role of Gen-sets in Small Solar Power Systems; Case Study: Sri Lanka

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Givler, T.; Lilienthal, P.

    2005-05-01

    This paper discusses using HOMER Software, NREL's Micropower Optimization Model, to explore the role of gen-sets in small solar power systems in Sri Lanka.

  15. Sri Lanka-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to:Spill PreventionJumpPapers Ltd SPLSri Lanka

  16. Cows, Bulls, and Gender Roles : Pastoral Strategies for Survival and Continuity in Western Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael, Barbara J.

    1987-01-01

    and supporting my project. They provided models of excellence in scholarship and expected that I strive to attain quality in my own work. Most of all, I thank them for believing in my ability to carry out research of this scope. I also appreciate the time... and comments of my outside readers, Anne El Omami and Dr. David Saile. Another group of people to whom I owe special thanks are my colleagues on the Western Sudan Agricultural Research Project. Dr. Joel M. Teitelbaum introduced me to the Baggara, and spent...

  17. Evidence for Early and Mid-Cryogenian glaciation in the Northern ArabianNubian Shield (Egypt, Sudan, and western Arabia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    (Egypt, Sudan, and western Arabia) ROBERT J. STERN1*, PETER R. JOHNSON2, KAMAL A. ALI1,3 & SUMIT K over broad regions of the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt, NW Arabia and possible correlative units diamictite and BIFs of the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt and the correlative Nuwaybah diamictite and BIF

  18. Village agroforestry systems and tree-use practices: A case study in Sri Lanka. Multipurpose tree species network research series

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wickramasinghe, A.

    1992-01-01

    Village agroforestry systems in Sri Lanka have evolved through farmers' efforts to meet their survival needs. The paper examines farmers' land-use systems and their perceptions of the role of trees in the villages of Bambarabedda and Madugalla in central Sri Lanka. The benefits of village agroforestry are diverse food, fuelwood, fodder, timber, and mulch, but food products are of outstanding importance. The ability of Artocarpus heterophyllus (the jackfruit tree) and Cocos nucifera (coconut) to ensure food security during the dry season and provide traditional foods throughout the year, as well as to grow in limited space, make them popular crops in the two study villages. The study recommends that further research precede the formulation of agricultural interventions and that efforts to promote improved tree varieties recognize farmers' practices and expressed needs.

  19. Sudan Grass. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Youngblood, B.; Conner, A. B.

    1915-01-01

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Rog11eing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 ? Field Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Harvesting..., grew under contract, near the Chillicothe Station, an increase field of seed which it proposed to use for distribution in the dry-land region of the United States in 1913. The Texas Station secured six hundred pounds of this :Seed for distribution...

  20. Proceedings of the International Conference on Information and Automation, December 15-17, 2006, Colombo, Sri Lanka. 1 Sahana: Overview of a Disaster Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daume III, Hal

    , Colombo, Sri Lanka. 1 Sahana: Overview of a Disaster Management System Mifan Careem, Chamindra De Silva. it then describes the anatomy of the Sahana system. We follow up with a case study of Sahana deployment and lessons learned. I. INTRODUCTION Recent disasters such as the 2003 SARS outbreak, the 2004 Asian tsunami, the 2005

  1. Suriname: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  2. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  3. International workshop: Planning for climate change through integrated coastal management. Volume 2: Country and regional reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    This workshop included reports from the following countries: Argentina; Bulgaria; Egypt; Estonia; Fiji; Indonesia; Mozambique; Nigeria; Oman; The Philippines; Senegal; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Thailand; and Tuvalu; Regional reports were included on the following: Small Island Developing States of the Pacific; South Pacific Regional Environment Program; and Sea Level Rise Impacts on Central America.

  4. Suriname-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren)Model for theSunLanSuperDrive IncCity,OpenResilience

  5. Suriname-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  6. Oilfields of the World. Third edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tiratsoo, E.N.

    1985-01-01

    This third edition (updated to 1984) covers all of the world's major producing areas (both onshore and offshore) on six continents. It offers essential geologic, reserves, and production data on 13 nations that have become commercial oil producers in the last five years: Benin, Cameroon, Congo Republic, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Sudan, Zaire, Greece, The Phillippines, Sharjah, Thailand, Guatemala, and Surinam. Numerous maps display the geologic details of each area. This book also contains full-color maps of the oil and gas fields of the North Sea, Persian Gulf, Mexico, Venezuela, and Brazil.

  7. Sudan-IAEA Cooperation | Open Energy Information

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  8. Sudan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  9. Sundaya Lanka Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren)Model for theSunLan Solar Co LtdSunbury, Ohio:Lake,Sundaya

  10. Sri Lanka: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbHSoloPage Edit withSpionSquaw Valley,Transport

  11. Tobacco Control Legislation in Costa Rica (1971-2012): After 40 Years of Tobacco Industry Dominance, Tobacco Control Advocacy Succeeds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crosbie, Eric MA; Sebrie, Ernesto M. MD MPH; Glantz, Stanton A. PhD

    2012-01-01

    markets of Suriname, Barbados, and a group of 21  islands, markets of Suriname, Barbados, and a group of 21  islands, 

  12. a0005 Geographic Overviews/Africa Central and Nilotic Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicoll, Kathleen

    been called flint, but true flint is found in chalk deposits and is a distinctive blackish color. g0025 microcrystalline form of quartz commonly found in sedimentary limestone or in chalk deposits, or otherwise any kind and the latest at the top. p0005Today the central African landscape west of the Nile River is hyperarid, with

  13. Sudan-National Adaptation Programme of Action | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren)Model for the Entire Country | Open EnergyEngenheria

  14. Non-Timber Forest Products in Sri Lanka Rangika Perera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Center Louisiana State University Agricultural Center Forest Products Society 61st International and beeswax Medicines Bushmeat Perfumes and cosmetics Other edible animal products Dyeing and tanning Hides, and Bushmeat #12;Rattan Chair Bamboo Handicrafts Rattan and Bamboo Garden House #12;Honey Collection- Modern

  15. Perspectives on the Use of the Internet in Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amarasinghe, Saman

    of Government. He is also temporarily associated with a Developing Countries and IT Study Group (a non IT and the developing world study group (an informal network at LCS), including David Clark, Hamish Fraser, Libby graduation, he worked as a Consultant to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for six months. He

  16. Sri Lanka-DLR Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  17. Apollo Solar Lanka Limited ASLL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  18. UNESCO MANUAL 23 November 2009 page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suriname Colombia Mauritania Tajikistan Comoros Mauritius Togo Democratic Republic of the New Caledonia

  19. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    Peru Comoros China, Hong Kong SAR Suriname Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa) China, Macau SAR Uruguay Congo

  20. Project 2012: Increasing Female Representation in Government

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLean, Lindsey

    2011-01-01

    Sierra Leone Suriname Liberia French Guiana Ghana TogoHG) Iceland (HG) Ireland (HS) Liberia (HS/HG) Lithuania (HS)

  1. Rice and Memory in the Age of Enslavement: Atlantic Passages to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Slavery in Suriname was notorious for its brutal demands on labor and the attenuated life expectancies in Suriname took the risk. By the 1670s, official commentaries com- plain about the presence of Maroons upon enslaved Africans for labor. This examination of rice origins in Suriname contributes

  2. Influence of maturity and weathering on IVDMD and various agronomic characteristics of sudan type forage sorghums 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomez Gonzalez, Fernando

    1983-01-01

    HS MATURITY HEADS 60 C! ) 50 40 VA VB BT FL ML SD HD HS MATURITY Figure 3. Znfluence of maturitY on Z ZVDMD of Plant components of several forage sorghums. 35 80 70 80 ca ) $0 40 ~r~ w KQW KANDY HAY GRAZER LEAVES 80 70 VA Vg BT...

  3. Linear Consistency Testing Yonatan Aumann , Johan Hastad , Michael O. Rabin , and Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    and Rubinfeld [8] to check the linear- consistency of three functions f1, f2, f3 mapping a finite Abelian group G to an Abelian group H: Pick x, y G uniformly and independently at random and check if f1(x) + f2 the consistency of multiple func- tions. Given a triple of functions f1, f2, f3 : G H, we say

  4. The Use of Sudan Grass Pastures and Other Feeds for Beef Production. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, John H.

    1941-01-01

    weight ................... ......... . Average daily gain. basis farm weight ...... Average daily gain. basis market.weight ............. Shrinkage enroute to market. Ibs ......... Shrinkage enroute to market. percent Slaughter Data Carcass weight... daily gain basis farm weight ..................... ~v?ra;e daily gain: basis market weight ................... Shrinkage via truck to market. pounds .................... Shrinkage via truck to market. percent...

  5. Sudan-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  6. DOE's General Counsel Determines Sudan Act Does Not Bar Areva Enrichment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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  7. Innovation for Development: A comparative analysis of improved cookstoves in Sri Lanka and Tanzania 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haick, Cathrin

    2011-11-24

    This dissertation analyses innovation for development. Based on the case study of improved cookstoves, it aims to understand why some innovations are more successful than others, and what is needed for successful innovations ...

  8. The energy sector in Sri Lanka is currently a hotbed of activity and change. A reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    of the electricity sector in this small island country in South Asia. The country's current installed power capacity at an annual rate of 8-9%. 60% of the power comes from large-hydro facilities, however, almost all large hydro that intends to provide for off-grid power needs with renewable energy technologies like solar PV, micro-hydro

  9. Movin' on up : mainstreaming under-serviced urban communities in Colombo, Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wickrema, Marinne Dhakshike

    2005-01-01

    This thesis offers an early look at a radical shift in Sri Lankan urban housing policy regarding slums in the capital city of Colombo. During the 1980s, the Sri Lankan government achieved widespread urban improvements by ...

  10. Tall buildings in Asia : a critique on the high-rise building in Colombo, Shri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pieris, Anoma D. (Anoma Darshani)

    1993-01-01

    The recent generation of tall buildings in Asia have been appropriated from the West with little adaptation. With no understanding of the forces that have generated this building form, Asia embraces the high-rise as an ...

  11. File:Sri Lanka Wind Resource Map.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New Pages Recent ChangesPower-in-practice-and-theory-teacher.pdf2.pdf Jump4.pdfSlmetstSolarSri

  12. Microsoft Word - Sri_Lanka_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland: Energy ResourcesDec 2005 WindPRO isMickey HotMicrosemi CorpKenya

  13. Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities:

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbHSoloPage Edit withSpionSquaw Valley,Transport and

  14. WORK PROGRAMME 2010 COOPERATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    Armenia3 LM Chad L Suriname LM Azerbaijan3 LM Comoros L Trinidad and UM Belarus3 LM Congo (Republic) LM

  15. Relationships between characteristics of contact farmers and follower farmers in the training and visit system of agricultural extension: Sri Lanka 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayatilaka, Malwattage Wijaya A. P.

    1982-01-01

    , similar others are considered to prov1de more accurate information than d1ssimilar others (Festinger, 1955; Mettee and Smith, 1977). In addi- tion, d1ssimilar others are sa1d to dislike and reject each other more 20 than similar others (Aronson.... The exchanged rewards could be mater1al resources, advice, esteem, compliance, etc. (Turner, 1978). Foa and Foa (1980) consider- ing all resources transacted in interpersonal situations, grouped re- sources to six classes - labeled love, status, information...

  16. Secondary state formation during the early iron age on the island of Sri Lanka : the evolution of a periphery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karunaratne, Priyantha Padmalal

    2010-01-01

    Chicago, Illinois, in (52) Symposium- Beyond basic formationIllinois. March 1999. xx ABSTRACT OF THE DISSERTATION Secondary State Formation

  17. Comparative Analysis of the Impact of Tsunami and Tsunami Interventions on Conflicts in Sri Lanka and Aceh/Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauman, Peter

    The objective of this field-based research was to assess the impact of natural disasters and disaster interventions on protracted intra-state conflicts and to provide insight for designing and implementing disaster ...

  18. A study of the factors affecting the sustainability of community managed rural water supply schemes in Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amerasinghe, Nishanthi Manjula

    2009-01-01

    Disparities in water supply coverage in urban and rural areas are high in developing countries, with rural coverage being much lower. The inability of governments to provide the service because of resource constraints, and ...

  19. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01

    Greece Tunisia Togo Thailand Liberia Morocco Niger Cote d’Madagascar Rwanda Tunisia Liberia Cameroon Sri Lanka Tunisia

  20. CURRICULUM VITA OF SALAH E.A. MOHAMMED I. PERSONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammed, Salah-Eldin

    with Distinction) University of Khartoum, Sudan, (Africa), 1970 M.Sc. (With Distinction) University of Dundee, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, University of Khartoum, Sudan 1976

  1. CURRICULUM VITA OF SALAH E.A. MOHAMMED # I. PERSONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammed, Salah-Eldin

    with Distinction) University of Khartoum, Sudan, (Africa), 1970 M.Sc. (With Distinction) University of Dundee, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, University of Khartoum, Sudan 1976

  2. Analysis of Ebola Glycoprotein Sequences from Strains of Varying Lethality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    consists of Reston and Reston Siena/Philippine-92. Ebola Ivory Coast consists of only one known strain strain Reston Siena/Philippine-92 · Sudan Ebola virus o Ebola virus strain Sudan Boniface o Ebola virus

  3. Margaret Kowalski Economics and Chinese Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews, Peter B.

    of Chinese "Checkbook Diplomacy" on Oil Production in Angola, Nigeria, and Sudan China's economic boom and incredible increase in energy consumption have recently the market in Angola, Nigeria, and Sudan. Many Western companies are concerned

  4. California’s Water Footprint: recent trends and framework for a sustainable transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fulton, Julian

    2015-01-01

    Africa. Barbier, EB. 2004. “Water and Economic Growth. ”Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute. CDF,California Department of Water Resources. 2015. “California

  5. Asian Development Bank Technical Assistance Report on Building...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Asian Development Bank Technical Assistance Report on Building the Capacity of the Sustainable Energy Authority in Sri Lanka Jump to: navigation, search Name Asian Development Bank...

  6. Center for Research in Wireless Communications Clemson Home > Home > People > Staff > James H. Jones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    -5903 Professional preparation: B.S., Electrical Engineering, with honors, Clemson University President's Class Bureau of Standards. Foreign Governments: Greece, Egypt, Iran, Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka

  7. South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.usaid.govourwork Country Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia,...

  8. Cubing the Kyoto Protocol: Post-Copenhagen Regulatory Reforms to Reset the Global Thermostat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrey, Steven

    2010-01-01

    India and Thailand are from SPP independent renewable energyRenewable Energy Controlled period Sri Lanka No Hydro Open offer India:

  9. Illegal Pathways to Illegal Profits: The Big Cigarette Companies and International Smuggling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids

    2003-01-01

    direct route to Nigeria DOUALA MALABO YAOUNDE Truck/airCameroon to Sudan ran from Douala in Cameroon to Bangui in

  10. Attachment F Marketplace Prohibited Items November 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Radio/Wireless Transmitting Equipment (e.g., eavesdropping & wiretapping equipment) · Laser Pointers 3b Purchased through Cuba, Iran, Libya, North Korea, or Sudan · Telecommunication Equipment & Features (cell

  11. EXPORT CONTROL CHECKLIST YES NO Are You

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    /embargoed country? · Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, Syria or the Balkans, Belarus, Burma · Telecommunications and Information Security · Lasers and Sensors · Navigation and Avionics

  12. Digging into Google Earth: An analysis of ‘‘Crisis in Darfur”

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parks, L

    2015-01-01

    Barlow, K. , 2005. Google Earth Prompts Security Fears.Blair, D. , 2007. Google Earth Maps ‘Genocide’ in Darfur.Butler, D. , 2007. Google Earth Focuses on Sudan Atrocities.

  13. Vote Buying and Accountability in Democratic Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kramon, Eric

    2013-01-01

    study of cousinage in Mali. American Political Sciencemoros, Ethiopia, Malawi, Mali, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo,Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia,

  14. Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  15. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 577586, 2008 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/8/577/2008/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 577­586, 2008 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/8 Hazards and Earth System Sciences Integrated approach for coastal hazards and risks in Sri Lanka M. Garcin the importance of knowledge and the taking into account of coastal hazards. Sri Lanka was one of the countries

  16. Euphytica 122: 381389, 2001. 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provan, Jim

    Levels and distribution of genetic diversity of coconut (Cocos nucifera L., var. Typica form typica) fromGenetics and Plant Breeding Division, Coconut Research Institute, Lunuwila, Sri Lanka; 2Department of Cell for correspondence; e-mail: rescri@sri.lanka.net) Received 1 March 2000; accepted 12 February 2001 Key words: coconut

  17. M. Palumbo, L. R. Beuchat, M. D. Danyluk, and L. J. Harris, USDA NIFSI, 2009-01951. Updated 1/26/2015. For updates: http://ucfoodsaafety.ucdavis.edu/files/156342

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    Authority, 2012 Coconut, desiccated (shred, flake, flour) Imports from Sri Lanka (Ceylon), sampled in UK 20 Coconut, desiccated Imports from Sri Lanka (Ceylon), sampled in Australia not given 35 9 Paratyphi B (1/9 samples), Butantan, Edinberg, Perth Kovacs, 1959 Coconut, desiccated Port receiving, England not given 8

  18. 2015, Latin American Public Opinion Project www.AmericasBarometer.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    couples. In recent years, samesex marriages have been recognized in Uruguay, Brazil Argentina Uruguay Haiti Belize Trinidad and Tobago Suriname Dominican Republic Panama Peru Mexico Brazil United States Canada 0.0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 Approval of Same-Sex Couples' Right to Marry 95 % Confidence

  19. Parameterization of meander-belt elements in high-resolution three-dimensional seismic data using the GeoTime cube

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    the meander belt in the up- and downstream direction. High-resolution three-dimensional seismic (3D HRS) data caused by post-depositional processes. A method called GeoTime cube is presented that over- comes study of a fluvio-estuarine reservoir from Suriname demonstrates how fluvial point bars, channel fills

  20. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 55935599, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/5593/2010/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    been obtained at Paramaribo, Suriname (5.8 N, 55.2 W). The remote sens- ing observations the NOAA/ESRL stations Ascension Is. (ASC), 7.9 S, 14.4 W, and Ragged Point (RPB), 13.2 N, 59.4 W, the data

  1. Algebraic Property Testing: The Role of Invariance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    -locally testable if there exists a randomized test that queries the value of a function f on k inputs and accepts f of the linearity test of Blum, Luby, and Rubinfeld [4] and was defined formally in Rubinfeld and Sudan [19Algebraic Property Testing: The Role of Invariance Tali Kaufman Madhu Sudan November 2, 2007

  2. Precambrian Research, 46 (1990) 259-272 259 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam --Printed in The Netherlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    1990-01-01

    in The Netherlands Origin of Late Precambrian Intrusive Carbonates, Eastern Desert of Egypt and Sudan: C, 0 and Sr,Richardson, TX 75083-0688(U.S.A.) CYNTHIA J. GWINN* ARCO Oil and Gas Company, Research and Technical Services carbonates, Eastern Desert of Egypt and Sudan: C, 0 and Sr isotopic evidence. Precambrian Res., 46: 259

  3. Reaching More for Less: Modernizing US International Food Aid Programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natsios, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    of International Affairs, is also an executive professor at the Bush School of Government and Public Service. He is a former USAID admin- istrator who managed reconstruction programs in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Sudan. He also served as US special envoy to Sudan...

  4. On 26 December 2004 the Indonesian sub-duction zone near the northern end of Sumatra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in northern Sumatra and expanded across the Indian Ocean and Andaman Sea, striking Sri Lanka and Thailand,it radiated seismic waves into the surrounding rock.The elastic waves expanded outward through Earth

  5. Defining the source region of the Indian Ocean Tsunami from GPS, altimeters, tide gauges and tsunami models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Socquet, Anne

    propagation time of the rupture led to constructive interference of waves radiating first from the South and minutes later from the North, strengthening the tsunami in Southern India, Sri Lanka and Thailand. We

  6. Our Ocean Backyard Santa Cruz Sentinel columns by Gary Griggs, Director, Institute of Marine Sciences, UC Santa Cruz.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Rotterdam to Sri Lanka, the Danish registered container ship, Svendborg Maersk, encountered hurricane force vessel in a hurry. The containers shifted under the wave impact and over 40 were lost overboard. Who

  7. ATR 1 (1) pp. 131137 Intellect Limited 2013 Applied Theatre Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    , Uganda, Argentina, Peru, Sri Lanka, #12;book Reviews 132 Cambodia, Australia, Israel and the United. This is only one of the many stories that strike the heart of the reader and showcase the power of performance

  8. Guardians of childhood: state, class and morality in a Sri Lankan bureaucracy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amarasuriya, Harini Nireka

    2011-07-04

    This thesis explores the everyday practices, relationships and interactions in a Probation Unit of the Department of Probation and Child Care Services in the Central Province in Sri Lanka. Using multi-sited ethnography ...

  9. Stories of Home: Generation, Memory, and Displacement among Jaffna Tamils and Jaffna Muslims 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thiranagama, Sharika

    2006-01-01

    The Sri Lankan civil war has been ongoing for over twenty years. Fought out in the civilian areas of the North and East of Sri Lanka, between the Sri Lankan Government and the LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) it ...

  10. PUBLICLECTURE Thursday 6 December 2012 5.30 6.30pm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    , and the impact of agricultural research on poverty. She has conducted field work in Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka publications, including Collective Action and Property Rights for Poverty Reduction: Insights from Africa

  11. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01

    2000), India (2001) and Croatia (2001) initiated mini-and Zimbabwe. Thailand-Zimbabwe, Thailand-Croatia, Thailand-Iran, Zimbabwe-Croatia, Zimbabwe-Sri Lanka, Croatia- Iran,

  12. Fixing Failed States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, John

    2010-01-01

    Mauritania 30. Nigeria 31. Liberia 32. Myanmar 33. SomaliaThe World Bank considers Liberia, Myanmar, Somalia, and theRepublic of the Congo, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Sudan. He

  13. The architectural implications of passive solar cooling systems in hot-arid climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharag-Eldin, Adil M. K. (Adil Mustafa Kamal)

    1988-01-01

    Residential architectural design should fulfill both the comfort and the social requirements of the occupants. Khartoum, the capital of the Sudan was chosen for this study because of two reasons; The first is its unusually ...

  14. China's policy towards US adversaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swartz, Peter Goodings

    2013-01-01

    If the Chinese government is trying to reassure the US that China's rise is not threatening, why does China diplomatically support adversaries of the US such as Iran, Sudan, Libya, and Syria? This thesis shows that soft ...

  15. The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Investigation of the Settler Mortality Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albouy, David

    2006-01-01

    Sudan Egypt Madagascar Mali Niger Angola, Burkina Faso,French campaigns in western Mali, for which Curtin (1998)map on p. 77) – AJR assigned Mali a rate of 2940 from 1874,

  16. SAPIENZA UNIVERSITA' DI ROMA -BANDO 2013 DI COOPERAZIONE CON PVS -GRADUATORIA NOME COGNOME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    per la Gestione di Reti Energetiche (Smart Grid System) applicati ad Impianti Rinnovabili per la · SUDAN East Africa CitiesLab 73 6 Andrea MICANGELI Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica e Aerospaziale (D

  17. KYOTO UNIVERSITY ADMISSIONS GUIDE for INTERNATIONAL APPLICANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Energy Science - - 117 98 - - 16 22 Asian and African Area Studies - - - 21 - - 36 13 Informatics - - 182 of Nigeria 2 Republic of South Africa 2 The Republic of the Sudan 1 United Republic of Tanzania 3 Republic

  18. 10 17 14 21 23,000 100 1,500

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    and Environmental Studies 125 129 166 150 - - 82 52 Energy Science - - 137 103 - - 19 27 Asian and African Area of Mozambique 1 Federal Republic of Nigeria 2 Republic of South Africa 2 The Republic of the Sudan 2 Kingdom

  19. THE YOUNG ACADEMY MOVEMENT CTHB MEMBER PLAYS A LEADING ROLE IN THE GLOBAL YOUNG ACADEMY AND THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Nigeria, Pakistan, Sudan, Thailand and Uganda, all nations where the tolerance and rationality inherent than their older peers in interactions with society and with politicians. They also bring new energy

  20. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [February 25, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-02-25

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Canada, Nigeria, China, Japan, Argentina, Brazil, Jamaica, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Egypt, Sudan, Ireland, France, Turkey, United Kingdom, and Federal Republic of Germany.

  1. KYOTO UNIVERSITY ADMISSIONS GUIDE for INTERNATIONAL APPLICANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Integrated Human Studies/ Human and Environmental Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 Georgia 2 Egypt 13 Sudan 3 Libya 2 Tunisia 3 Kenya 6 Tanzania 1 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2 Nigeria

  2. Another Viewpoint (AVP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuma, Elias H

    2011-01-01

    Wars in the Middle East: Sudan, Iraq, and Israel/Palestine ANon-Partisan Approach to Iraq The Myth of Hizbullah’sand Should Withdraw from Iraq: Sooner Rather than Later An

  3. Suggestions for Weed Control in Pastures and Forages 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baumann, Paul A.; Bade, David H.

    2004-04-06

    , pasture sod suppression and renovation, clover permanent grass pastures and established grass crops, sorghum-sudan hybrids, alfalfa and clover, winter pastures for grazing only, and grazing/hay restrictions. Sprayer calibration instructions are included....

  4. 21A.100 Introduction to Anthropology, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howe, James

    This class introduces students to the methods and perspectives of cultural anthropology. Readings emphasize case studies in very different settings (a nuclear weapons laboratory, a cattle-herding society of the Sudan, and ...

  5. Shrimp Imports 37 Kenya 0.6 in 1972 Total 223.2 38 Mozambique 33.2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .3 The statistics, provided to the NMFS 14 Greenland 117.6 47 Paraguay 46.0 Statistics and Market News Division countries with 21 Austria 3.8 54 Surinam 2,132.6 more than 80 million pounds. India was 22 Turkey 7.5 55- 25 India 33,523.5 58 Haiti 12.2 ports. Imports from the People's Repub- 26 Sri Lamka 489.4 59 Jamaica

  6. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  7. Feeding Baby Beeves. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, John C.

    1916-01-01

    of calves for the market, or, in other words, the procluction of %aby beef." 2. To compare cotton seed meal, cold-pressed cotton seed, and peanut meal for supplementing a ration composed of ground milo, corn or- . I sorghum silage, and Sudan hap... seed, ground milo, corn silage, and Sudan hajr. There was no trouble whatever in getting then1 on feed. ifter the first few days they were fed a11 the roughage (silage and hay) hev wo~~lil eat, hut the amount of concentrates (cake and milo) wac ~ept...

  8. OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 116 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the following agencies: Department of Energy, Mines and Resources (Canada) Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft Environment Research Council (United Kingdom) European Science Foundation Consortium for the Ocean Drilling in the world, extending some 3000 km from the slope south of the Bengal delta to merge with the Sri Lanka

  9. Distribution and dynamics of mangrove forests of South Asiaq Chandra Giri a,*, Jordan Long b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    57198, USA c World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Pakistan d The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. These forests provide important ecosystem goods and services to the region's dense three case studies in Indus Delta (Pakistan), Goa (India), and Sundarbans (Bangladesh and India

  10. COLING 2014 The 25th International Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Southeast Asia, on the other hand, consists of Brunei, Burma Abdul Rauf, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Pakistan WSSANLP Invited Speaker Vincent Berment, INa, France (Director) Program Committee Sadaf Abdul Rauf, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Pakistan Nave

  11. Displacement currents in semiconductor quantum dots embedded dielectric media: A method for room temperature photon detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perera, A. G. Unil

    , Kandy, Central 20 000, Sri Lanka Received 14 June 2007; accepted 12 July 2007; published online 7 August semiconductors can be sensitized to the electromagnetic spectrum from ultraviolet to far IR. Photovoltaic­13 In photovoltaic detectors, interpenetrating networks of polymer and Qds communicate with two electrodes

  12. Policy Brief No.11 june 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Policy Brief No.11 june 2006 Human-elephant conflict and rural poverty in Sri Lanka School outing to Pinnawale elephant orphanage Issues facing policy-makers: · What is the link between conflict and poverty now compete with the rural poor for scarce land and water resources. Rural poverty persists in Sri

  13. This Provisional PDF corresponds to the article as it appeared upon acceptance. Fully formatted PDF and full text (HTML) versions will be made available soon.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanley, Kathryn A.

    in dengue virus serotype 3 (DENV3), a mosquito-borne pathogen of humans. In Sri Lanka in the 1980's strain associated with the most severe disease manifestations, dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock and full text (HTML) versions will be made available soon. Superior infectivity for mosquito vectors

  14. Euphytica 00: 18, 2003. 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provan, Jim

    genetic relationships among coconut varieties/populations using microsatellite markers L. Perera1,, J.R. Russell2, J. Provan2 & W. Powell2 1Genetics and Plant Breeding Division, Coconut Research Institute@sri.lanka.net, lalithperera63@hotmail.com) Received 17 July 2002; accepted 2 March 2003 Key words: coconut, Cocos nucifera

  15. fied fragments of cloned alleles were used for size determina-tion at the respective loci.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provan, Jim

    in coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) and the analysis of coconut populations in Sri Lanka L. PERERA, J. R. RUSSELL, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA, UK Keywords: coconut, Cocos nucifera, SSR, microsatellite Received 14 September.Russell@scri.sari.ac.uk The coconut palm, Cocos nucifera L. is a major plantation crop and the most important palm of the wet tropics

  16. Communicated by J. W. Snape L. Perera J. R. Russell J. Provan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provan, Jim

    between indigenous coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) accessions from Sri Lanka by means of AFLP profiling Received: 16 June 1997 / Accepted: 14 October 1997 Abstract PCR-based DNA profiling of coconut palms. These observations have im- portant implications for the maintenance and collec- tion of coconut germplasm

  17. Acknowledgments: UNEP/WMO, IIASA, JRC, US EPA, SEI, Scripps, Middlebury, U York,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (particle filters+) ­ Replacing coal in residential stoves ­ Replacing residential wood burning in Industrialized countries ­ Clean-burning cookstoves in developing countries ­ Modern brick kilns ­ Modern coke + Sri Lanka South East Asia China Rice paddies Livestock manure Wastewater Municipal waste Coal mines

  18. Epidemiological aspects of Claviceps africana, causal agent of Sorghum ergot 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noe, Montes Garcia; Noe, Montes Garcia

    2005-02-17

    . propinquum (K.) Hitch., which is a native perennial of Sri Lanka and southern India, and from Burma eastward to the islands of south-eastern Asia, and S. bicolor (L.) Moench which includes all the domesticated taxa, a widely-distributed and ecologically...

  19. Inheritance of antioxidant activity and its association with seed coat color in Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (l.) walp.) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ndambe Nzaramba, Magnifique

    2005-08-29

    .S.A., Burma, Sri Lanka and Australia all have significant production. Production figures in the U.S.A. were estimated at about 800,000 hectares/year. Georgia, California and Texas are the leading producers, accounting for about 60% of the total production...

  20. Anti-inflammatory Properties of Cowpea Phenotypes with different Phenolic Profiles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ojwang, Leonnard

    2012-07-16

    of protein. Brazil, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Haiti, Senegal, Cameron, Burkina Faso, Australia and the U.S. also produce significant quantities (18, 19). In the U.S., the total production of cowpeas is estimated at 60,000 to 80,000 acres, of which...

  1. Where Have Rich Vlosky's Graduate Students Ended Up? September 22, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DISTRIBUTION OF NATURAL RESOURCE-BASED INDUSTRIES Francisco X. Aguilar, Ph.D. Associate Professor Department of Forestry, School of Natural Resources 203L Anheuser-Busch Natural Resources Building University of Missouri Gangodawila, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka Ph.D. Rangika Bandara Perera. Dissertation Title: EFFECTS OF ECOTOURIST PRE

  2. Real-time forecasting of the April 11, 2012 Sumatra tsunami Dailin Wang,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duputel, Zacharie

    Real-time forecasting of the April 11, 2012 Sumatra tsunami Dailin Wang,1 Nathan C. Becker,1 David generated a tsunami that was recorded at sea-level stations as far as 4800 km from the epi- center, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Maldives issued tsunami warnings for their coastlines. The United States

  3. Tolerant Versus Intolerant Testing for Boolean Properties Eldar Fischer #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fortnow, Lance

    , as defined by Parnas, Ron and Rubinfeld, must also accept inputs that are close enough to satisfying­ vestigate a question formulated in terms of property testing, and Rubinfeld and Sudan [21] formally defined. Given a property R, an #­test for R is a randomized algorithm that is guaranteed to accept

  4. Testing Monotonicity Oded Goldreich Shafi Goldwassery Eric Lehmany Dana Ronyz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldreich, Oded

    to query an unknown function f : f0; 1gn 7! f0; 1gat arguments of its choice, the test always accepts function. 1.1 Perspective Property Testing, as explicitly defined by Rubinfeld and Sudan [RS96 in this context are actually codeword tests (in this case of BCH codes), and that such tests can be defined

  5. Tolerant Versus Intolerant Testing for Boolean Properties Eldar Fischer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fortnow, Lance

    a question formulated in terms of property testing, and Rubinfeld and Sudan [21] formally defined Research recently started investigating property testing algorithms which are guaranteed to accept (with high R, an -test for R is a randomized algorithm that is guaranteed to accept with probability at least 2

  6. THEORY OF COMPUTING, Volume 0 (2006), pp. 1--10 http://theoryofcomputing.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Eldar

    2006-01-01

    , and Rubinfeld and Sudan [21] formally defined the general notion of property testing. Goldreich, Goldwasser property testing algorithms which are guaranteed to accept (with high confidence) not only inputs of the input size m. A 1­sided e­test for R is an e­test as above that in addition is guaranteed to accept any

  7. Testing Monotonicity \\Lambda Oded Goldreich y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldreich, Oded

    function f : f0; 1g n 7! f0; 1g at arguments of its choice, the test always accepts a monotone f monotone function. 1.1 Perspective Property Testing, as explicitly defined by Rubinfeld and Sudan [31 this case of BCH codes), and that such tests can be defined and performed also for other error

  8. Harmonic Broadcasting Is Optimal Lars Engebretsen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    Harmonic Broadcasting Is Optimal Lars Engebretsen Madhu Sudan Abstract Harmonic broadcasting-on-demand broadcasting. In this paper, we note that harmonic broadcasting is actually a special case of the priority argument--that it is impossible to achieve the design goals of harmonic broadcasting using a shorter

  9. The Innovation Journal: The Public Sector Innovation Journal, 18(1), 2013, article 3. Protecting the Internet from Dictators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camp, L. Jean

    Internet communications, activists, and the state in Egypt, Syria, Libya, Uganda and northern Sudan that there are three critical variables in this interaction: redundancy in communications, distribution of power across in situations of a popular uprising, and what can be done to prevent it?1 Egypt is not the only country

  10. RESEARCH Open Access Genetic variation and population structure of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jakobsson, Mattias

    representing different ethnic and linguistic groups. The combined power of exclusion (PE) was 0 was combined with previously published genotype data from Egypt, Somalia and the Karamoja population from populations. Individuals from northern Sudan clustered together with those from Egypt, and individuals from

  11. Georgia Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Burundi, Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda) and is used-Fired Power Plants in the Chattahoochee-Apalachicola (ACF) & Etowah-Coosa (ACT) Rivers Basic Information Title: Toxic Metalloid (As, Se, Sb) Enrichment from Coal-Fired Power Plants in the Chattahoochee

  12. Proceedings of the Human Language Technology Conference of the North American Chapter of the ACL pages 56, Rochester, April 2007. c 2007 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and geographically. The term language as opposed to dialect is only an expression of power and dominance of one group the perception of the distinction between the Arabic language and an Arabic dialect. This power relationship valley: Egypt and Sudan. North African Arabic covers the dialects of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia

  13. Statement by Harvard Corporation Committee on Shareholder Responsibility (CCSR) Regarding Stock in China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation (Sinopec Corporation)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Petrodar announced that its first shipment of crude oil would be shipped from Sudan in January 2006Statement by Harvard Corporation Committee on Shareholder Responsibility (CCSR) Regarding Stock the Harvard Corporation's decision to direct Harvard Management Company (HMC) to divest itself of stock held

  14. (Update: 12/03/2015) Name Award Press releases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Matthias

    W-Preis-Entwicklungsforschung.pdf Valerie Hänsch "Best film by a German filmmaker" for the ethnographic documentary "Sifinja ­The Iron Student Film" for the ethnographic documentary "Sifinja -The Iron Bride" (2009, 70 Min., DV, Sudan/Germany), film "Sifinja -The Iron Bride" (2009, 70. Min., DV), bestowed on 17 November 2010 #12;at "Film, Video

  15. [A. 05] A. Blum and J. Hartline. Near-Optimal Online Auctions. In Proc. 16th Symp. on Discrete Alg. ACM/SIAM, 2005.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    . on Discrete Alg. ACM/SIAM, 2005. [AFG+ 05] G. Aggarwal, A. Fiat, A. Goldberg, J. Hartline, N. Immorlica, and M. Sudan. Derandomization of Auctions. In Proc. 37th ACM Sym- posium on the Theory of Computing. ACM Press. Competitive Gen- eralized Auctions. In Proc. 34th ACM Symposium on the Theory of Computing. ACM Press, New

  16. Women Physicists Speak: The 2001 International Study of Women in Physics Rachel Ivie, Roman Czujko, and Katie Stowe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

    Women Physicists Speak: The 2001 International Study of Women in Physics Rachel Ivie, Roman Czujko://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/proceeding/aipcp/628?ver=pdfcov Published by the AIP Publishing Articles you may be interested in Women in Physics in Sudan AIP Conf. Proc. 628, 223 (2002); 10.1063/1.1505343 A Physics Career for Women in Portugal AIP Conf

  17. Holocene freshwater carbonate structures in the hyper-arid Gebel Uweinat region of the Sahara Desert (Southwestern Egypt) q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Desert (Southwestern Egypt) q Margarita M. Marinova a,b , A. Nele Meckler c , Christopher P. McKay b region of the Sahara Desert, near the triple border of Egypt, Sudan, and Libya (N22°, E25°), re- ceives- ibrated years BP; Wendorf and expedition, 1977). While some parts of southwest Egypt have been extensively

  18. Robust local testability of tensor products of LDPC Irit Dinur1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    , then with noticeable probability the local view of the tester is far from an accepting local view. It is very easyRobust local testability of tensor products of LDPC codes Irit Dinur1 , Madhu Sudan2 , and Avi is what we refer to as smooth. We show that expander codes and locally-testable codes are smooth

  19. Strategies of Asian oil-importing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, M.

    1997-04-01

    Various strategies are used by oil-importing countries to reduce their economic dependence on imported oil: national oil production, energy conservation, and the change of economic structures from high energy intensity sectors to low ones. In this article, the roles of these different strategies have been identified for 10 selected oil-importing countries in Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong, R.O Korea, and Taiwan. The results show that most of the selected countries (although Hong Kong and Taiwan are independent economic entities, for simplicity, the author refers to them as countries) have succeeded in reducing their national economy dependence on imported oil since 1973. Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India are among the most successful countries, with more than 40% reduction in their economic dependence on imported oil.

  20. Financial constraints and firms' investment: results of a natural experiment measuring firm response to power interruption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinbuks, J.

    . They accomplish this by providing cash and equipment grants to small ?rms in Sri Lanka and Mexico, and measuring the increase in pro?ts arising from this exogenous (positive) shock to capital stock. After controlling for possible spillover e¤ects, the shock... active regional investment policies are not implemented. Sub-Saharan African countries ?t this criterion, because implementation of such policies is limited by political instability, corruption, ethnical fragmentations and clan struggles (Easterly...

  1. Household energy use in non-OPEC developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernandez, J.C.

    1980-05-01

    Energy use in the residential sector in India, Brazil, Mexico, the Republic of Korea, the Sudan, Pakistan, Malaysia, and Guatemala is presented. Whenever possible, information is included on the commercial fuels (oil, gas, coal, and electricity) and on what are termed noncommercial fuels (firewood, animal dung, and crop residues). Of special interest are the differences in the consumption patterns of urban and rural areas, and of households at different income levels. Where the data allow, the effect of household size on energy consumption is discussed. Section II is an overview of the data for all eight countries. Section III examines those areas (India, Brazil, Mexico City) for which data exist on the actual quantity of energy consumed by households. Korea, the Sudan, and Pakistan, which collect data on household expenditures on fuels, are discussed in Section IV. The patterns of ownership of energy-using durables in Malaysia and Guatemala are discussed in Section V. (MCW)

  2. Swine Investigations in Texas, 1888-1957. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, C. M.; Sorensen, A. M. Jr.; Hale, Fred

    1957-01-01

    ........ .......................... Comparison Oats and Sudan Pastures 5 Roundworms ....... Influenza ............................... .................. Sorghum Grain By-products 5 Way to Use Sorghum Gluten Meal .......... 5 ---Way to Use Sorghum Gluten Feed ........... 6 Vitamins... practice to feed cottonseed meal alone in self-feeders free choice as a protein supple- ment? No. But a mixture of half cottonseed meal and half meat scraps, by weight, can be fed free choice in self-feeders to fattening hogs with good results. 4...

  3. Identification of sorghum midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae): resistant lines among converted exotic sorghum 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Ali El Badawi

    1986-01-01

    . Teetes (Chairman) Gary C. Peterson (Member) J eph C. Schaff r (Member) Fowden G. Maxwell (Head of Department) August 1986 ABSTRACT Identification of Sorghum Midge (D iptera: Cecidomy iidae) Resistant Lines Among Converted Exotic Sorghum (August... 1986) Ali E 1 Badawi Ali, B. S. , University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan. Chairman of advisory cotmnittee: Dr. george L. Teetes. In an attempt to identify additional sorghum lines tant to so gh Sdg, t t ~ rtnt ~ ~so htd t (C q Stlott), field...

  4. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.Ch.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984, an increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North Africa ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was up 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries.

  5. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984. An increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North America ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries. 9 figures, 27 tables.

  6. The circulating hemocytes of the white shrimp, Penaeus setiferus: origin, abundance, morphology, and function 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fontaine, Clark Timothy

    1978-01-01

    and agranular. Observations . bow the larger included granules to be positive for Sudan Black, a lipid stain. Blood cells were cultured in vitro for descriptions of viable cell configuration. The fine structure of each cell type is described. The furction...? Function 30 40 General? 44 CGNCLUSION? LITERATURE CITED VITA 46 47 53 LIST OF TABLES Table I. Composition of modified lobster hemolymph medium (MLHN) ? after Paterson and Stewart (1974) 16 Tab le II. Average number of blood cells/mm for each...

  7. The UNIVERSITY of NORTH CAROLINA at CHARLOTTE An Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Jiancheng

    ­ a license may be required. Yes No Unknown D. If this award includes a SUBCONTRACT, please answer, North Korea, or Sudan? If yes to B.1, contact ECO ­ a license may be required. Yes No Yes No N/A C/entity/participants? If yes to D.1.a, please contact ECO. 2. Does the prime award have any export control and/or foreign

  8. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  9. Fertilizing Texas Patures. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trew, E. M.; Bennett, W. F.

    1960-01-01

    soil acidity. Some pasture plants will not grow in strongly acid soils, and others do not grow as well on acid soils as on soils that contain moderate to large amounts of lime. For example, white- clover grows best when the soil acidity (ex.... Requirements are higher for Sudan- grass than for pearl millet; they are greater for crimson clover than for vetch; blue panic re- quires more fertility than lovegrass; Coastal Bermuda has higher requirements than K. R. bluestem ; whiteclover requires more...

  10. Global warming and the regions in the Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alvi, S.H.; Elagib, N.

    1996-12-31

    The announcement of NASA scientist James Hansen made at a United States Senate`s hearing in June 1988 about the onset of global warming ignited a whirlwind of public concern in United States and elsewhere in the world. Although the temperature had shown only a slight shift, its warming has the potential of causing environmental catastrophe. According to atmosphere scientists, the effect of higher temperatures will change rainfall patterns--some areas getting drier, some much wetter. The phenomenon of warming in the Arabian Gulf region was first reported by Alvi for Bahrain and then for Oman. In the recent investigations, the authors have found a similar warming in other regions of the Arabian Gulf and in several regions of Sudan in Africa. The paper will investigate the observed data on temperature and rainfall of Seeb in Oman, Bahrain, International Airport in Kuwait as index stations for the Arabian Gulf and Port Sudan, Khartoum and Malakal in the African Continent of Sudan. Based on various statistical methods, the study will highlight a drying of the regions from the striking increase in temperature and decline of rainfall amount. Places of such environmental behavior are regarded as desertifying regions. Following Hulme and Kelly, desertification is taken to mean land degradation in dryland regions, or the permanent decline in the potential of the land to support biological activity, and hence human welfare. The paper will also, therefore, include the aspect of desertification for the regions under consideration.

  11. ‘A confession of ignorance’: deaths from old age and deciphering cause-of-death statistics in Scotland, 1855 – 1949

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reid, Alice; Garrett, Eilidh; Dibben, Chris; Williamson, Lee

    2015-02-05

    and Wales, Sweden, Japan, Chile and Sri Lanka (then Ceylon), and he later developed his ideas with data from the USA (Omran, 1971, 1977). Thomas McKeown (1976a) also used cause-of-death data for England and Wales as the basis for his controversial theory... the ‘official’ cause-of-death series published in the annual reports of the Registrar General for Scotland from 1855 to 1949 (Davenport, 2012). We mainly present the data in the form of mortality rates, rather than absolute numbers, and the population data which...

  12. Integrated rural energy planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mahgary, Y.; Biswas, A.K.

    1985-01-01

    This book presents papers on integrated community energy systems in developing countries. Topics considered include an integrated rural energy system in Sri Lanka, rural energy systems in Indonesia, integrated rural food-energy systems and technology diffusion in India, bringing energy to the rural sector in the Philippines, the development of a new energy village in China, the Niaga Wolof experimental rural energy center, designing a model rural energy system for Nigeria, the Basaisa village integrated field project, a rural energy project in Tanzania, rural energy development in Columbia, and guidelines for the planning, development and operation of integrated rural energy projects.

  13. The Issue Of National Integration in Nepal: An Ethnoregional Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattachan, Krishna B.; Pyakuryal, Kailash N.

    1996-01-01

    . as acute as in Sri Lanka or Yugoslavia? Can the pr c iss f national imcgration in epal be really equated with the idea of a ' rnclune pot' as i often d nc? Is J 'cpa! a 'garden of all astes and ethni group: ' in the real ense? And. houId the monopoly... of the dominant Hindu hill ca tc group end? Anicles have. no doubt appeared to address th se queri ,2 But rna t of them have somch \\ Ignored the policy impli arion of u h ethnoregiona l problems in the c ntcxt f national integration. Th i article intend I h w...

  14. Temporal Patterns of Diversification across Global Cichlid Biodiversity (Acanthomorpha: Cichlidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacMahan, Caleb D.; Chakrabarty, Prosanta; Sparks, John S.; Smith, William Leo; Davis, Matthew P.

    2013-08-19

    of the family Cichlidae, which is consistent with previous Gondwanan vicariance hypotheses that have explained the present distribution of cichlid taxa in Madagascar, India/Sri Lanka, Africa, Iran, and Central and South America (e.g., [23,24,46,47]). Our results... for the adaptive character of the Tanganyikan cichlid fish radiations. Evolution 61: 560–578. 18. Chakrabarty P (2005) Testing conjectures about morphological diversity in cichlids of lakes Malawi and Tanganyika. Copeia 2005: 359–373. 19. Rabosky DL (2006) LASER: a...

  15. Newsfront 17-23 September 2007, Issue 34

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    have any questions, you ask them.” Koirala’s demands from Menon varied from exploring Man Mohan Singh’s visit before the election to smooth supply of petrol. Menon is believed to have given positive response to the demand for petroleum. Menon described... the region for an in- depth work on post-Tsunami issues affecting the communi- ties. This is the first fellowship of the kind. An AMF release said the four journalists will work in Tsunami affected communities in India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, and Thailand...

  16. Reflections on Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macfarlane, Alan

    2014-09-22

    the mafia threaten people, is that violence? If a man comes home drunk and curses his wife, is that violence? Can we, as I’ve heard, even call certain kinds of music, architecture or even speech – for instance what 10 happened at Hitler’s rallies... . It seems nearer to what I’ve heard called ‘feuding’, such as what is happening in Israel and Palestine, Kashmir, Sri Lanka, many parts of Africa. Are these really feuds and, if so, what is a feud? 12 It’s obvious that there are many kinds of war...

  17. An assessment of the usefulness of 5 new synthetic pyrethroids in IPM programs for tobacco budworm control in cotton 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajakulendran, Sinnappu Victor

    1981-01-01

    New Synthetic Pyrethroids in IPM Programs for Tobacco Budworm Control in Cotton. (Mlay 1981) Sinnappu Victor Rajakulendran, B. Sc. (Agri. ) University of Sri Lanka Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. F. W. Plapp, Jr. Toxicity measurements were...-methyl ethyl) benzene acetate) and fluvalinate. Toxicity was de- termined to larvae of the tobacco budworm Heliothis (P. ), t d lt 1 *f 't p 't, ~tl t' sonorensis (Carlson), and to larvae of its predator, C~t * ddt pl ). Al*, ll d' f t t d as a...

  18. Understanding Resource Nationalism in the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughes, Llewelyn; Kreyling, Sean J.

    2010-07-26

    Resource nationalism in oil-importing states appears on the rise. Oil price volatility underpinned by demand growth has led China, India and others to increase state support for national-flag firms in order to increase the state’s energy self-sufficiency. Both Chinese and Indian National Oil Companies (NOCs) have made energy investments worldwide, including in Sudan and Iran. Long-standing oil importers such as the United States and Japan have reenergized policies designed to increase domestic production of crude and crude substitutes, or have subsidized national-flag firms, in the name of energy independence.

  19. Networks of Networks: Changing Patterns in Country Bandwidth and Centrality in Global Information Infrastructure, 2002-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seo, Hyunjin

    2012-04-01

    of density, degree, and eigenvector centrality from 2002 to 2010. Graphs and statistics were calculated in R (R Development Core Team, 2011) and networks were visualized using Gephi (Bastian, Heymann, & Jacomy, 2009). Global internet geography data obtained....070), Jordan (0.060), Morocco (0.052), Algeria (0.025), Libya (0.014), Palestine Territory (0.012), and Sudan (0.012). The United Arab Emirates showed the highest degree with 12, and the degree of Israel was 8. Data for Iraq and Tunisia were not available...

  20. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  1. Pharmacokinetics, Trypanosoma brucei gambiense Efficacy, and Time of Drug Action of DB829, a Preclinical Candidate for Treatment of Second-Stage Human African Trypanosomiasis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenzler, Tanja; Yang, Sihyung; Braissant, Olivier; Boykin, David W.; Brun, Reto; Wang, Michael Zhuo

    2013-11-01

    against HAT November 2013 Volume 57 Number 11 aac.asm.org 5331 o n April 29, 2015 by University of Kansas http://aac.asm .org/ D ow nloaded from 50°C. UPLC mobile phases consisted of water containing 0.1% formic acid (A) andmethanol containing 0...898R 1985 Cote d’Ivoire K03048 2003 South Sudan a Strains labeled with an “R” were isolated from patients after a relapse with a melarsoprol treatment. Wenzler et al. 5332 aac.asm.org Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy o n April 29, 2015...

  2. Effect of calcium buffers and whole plant processing methods on starch digestibility of sorghum based diets in Holstein cows 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, John Anthony

    1980-01-01

    . In Experiment 1, the forage was sorghum-sudan hay; in Experiment 2, whole seed sorghum silage. There were no significant differences among treatments in starch, energy, protein, dry matter or cell wall digestibility or fecal pH in both experiments... of whole plant grain sorghum processing for silage 1) whole plant normal chop, 2) same growth with the seeds rolled, and 3) regrowth of whole plant with seeds rolled harvested at an earlier stage of maturity. Starch and energy digestibility were higher...

  3. Social organization and behavior of aoudad (Ammotragus lervia) in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solbert, Alan Goodrich Kirk

    1983-01-01

    for their encouragement during the last few years and P. Fenn for her unflagging diligence in typing this manuscript. I also want to thank Dr. J. Teer for help in securing funding for this study. I am grateful to the Caesar Kleberg Research Program in Wildlife..., but their present status is unknown (Happold 1967). It may be that the last aoudad strongholds are in the uninhabited regions of the Atlas Mountains (Schomber and Kock 1959-60, Edmond-Blanc 1954), the Ennedi Mountains, and parts of Libya and northern Sudan...

  4. Interview with Wendy James

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, Wendy

    2009-05-15

    mother built up the guest house, Beck Allans, which was right in the middle of Grasmere; in 1947 my father began to teach in Workington, in a technical school, and commuted there on a weekly basis; he then got a job at Rossall, an independent boarding... and some students in the first few months to Port Sudan where the authorities had asked us as a department to supply them with some reports on the state of the slums; I was not yet committed to anything in particular so I did undertake to do that and one...

  5. Small Grains and Rye Grass for Winter Pasture. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stansel, R. H. (Roy Harrison); Dunkle, P. B. (Paul Burtch); Jones, D. L. (Don L.)

    1937-01-01

    as lvell as practicaIIg all classes of livestock. With the uniform success of Sudan as grazing crop in sumlner and fall and with these winter grazillg crops, tile farmer has within his wasp a potential constant supply of green grafiag abundant proteins... cutting to cutting, but has a tendency to increase during the latter part of the growing season. RESULTS AT DENTON Pract.ica1 Problems in Connection with Winter Pastures at Denton Wheat is the principal small grain planted for winter pasture although...

  6. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. )

    1989-09-01

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  7. Electromagnetic nonlinear gyrokinetics with polarization drift

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duthoit, F.-X. [SNU Division of Graduate Education for Sustainabilization of Foundation Energy, Seoul National University, Gwanak-ro 1, Gwanak-gu, 151-744 Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Hahm, T. S., E-mail: tshahm@snu.ac.kr [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Seoul National University, Gwanak-ro 1, Gwanak-gu, 151-744 Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Wang, Lu [College of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430074 (China)

    2014-08-15

    A set of new nonlinear electromagnetic gyrokinetic Vlasov equation with polarization drift and gyrokinetic Maxwell equations is systematically derived by using the Lie-transform perturbation method in toroidal geometry. For the first time, we recover the drift-kinetic expression for parallel acceleration [R. M. Kulsrud, in Basic Plasma Physics, edited by A. A. Galeev and R. N. Sudan (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1983)] from the nonlinear gyrokinetic equations, thereby bridging a gap between the two formulations. This formalism should be useful in addressing nonlinear ion Compton scattering of intermediate-mode-number toroidal Alfvén eigenmodes for which the polarization current nonlinearity [T. S. Hahm and L. Chen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 266 (1995)] and the usual finite Larmor radius effects should compete.

  8. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1986-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,839,817 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1985, a decrease of 3% from the 1,896,446 km/sup 2/ held at the end of 1984. This decrease mainly is due to significant relinquishments made in Algeria, Egypt, and Tunisia. Morocco, however, had an increase of 18,087 km/sup 2/. Oil discoveries were reported in Algeria (possibly 5), Libya (at least 2), and Egypt (16). Only 1 gas find was made (in Morocco). According to sparse information, development drilling may have decreased markedly during 1985. Oil and condensate production increased by 3.1% to approximately 3,054,000 b/d compared to about 2,963,400 b/d in 1984. No statistics are currently available on gas production in North Africa. 8 figures, 27 tables.

  9. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1987-10-01

    Licensed oil acreage in the 6 North Africa countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia) totaled 1,500,000 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1986, down 290,000 km/sup 2/ from 1985. About 50% of the relinquishments were in Libya. Most oil and gas discoveries were made in Egypt (16 oil and 2 gas). Several oil finds were reported in onshore Libya, and 1 was reported in Algeria in the southeastern Sahara. According to available statistics, development drilling decreased from 1985 levels, except in Tunisia. A 6.3% decline in oil production took place in 1986, falling below the 3 million bbl level (2,912,000 b/d). Only sparse data are released on the gas output in North Africa. 6 figures, 27 tables.

  10. The effect of vitamin B?? on the embryonic development of the chick 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, Thomas Morgan

    1954-01-01

    No. ?8, was used for the photomicrographs of liver sections stained with Sudan IV. 15 COMPOSITION OF PURIFIED SYNTHETIC-TYPE DIET DEFICIENT IN VITAMIN B12 TABLE I Ingredient d/o Sucrose 68.0 Soybean Protein 2i;.0 Soybean Oil 3.0 Salts IV 5....0 Inositol 1000.0 Choline Chloride 2000.0 Penicillin 33.0 Me thionine 7.5 gm Glycine U.o grn Vitamin A 10000.0 U.S.P Vitamin D3 2250.0 I.C.U 16 COMPOSITION OF PRACTICAL TYPE DIET FED TO HENS PROVIDING SOURCE OF EM3RY0S USED AS NORMAL CONTROLS TABLE...

  11. Africa: the emphasis is exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    Individual country reports on drilling, oil and gas production, and petroleum exploration and reserves are given for Africa. Nigeria was the continent's largest oil producer in 1979, averaging 2.3 million bpd, followed closely by Libya with 2.07 million bpd. Algeria cut production of crude oil in 1979 to a level of 1,194,350 bpd, and increased gas production to 2031 mmcfd. In Egypt, the return of Israeli-occupied oil fields and a surge in productive capacity enabled production averaging 524,000 bpd. Brief country reports are included for Gabon, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Cameroun, Tunisia, Morocco, Zaire, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Niger, Chad, Republic of South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Seychelles Islands, Mauritania, Republic of Mali, Benin, Kenya, Madagascar, Botswana, Gambia, Mozambique, and Senegal.

  12. Comparative analysis of sesame varieties from diverse climates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nwe, Tin

    1986-01-01

    g 35. 33 ef 32. 00 fg 35. 67 ef 35. 33 ef 35. 00 ef 125. 33 a 70. 00 bcd 70. 00 bcd 40. 33 de 104. 00 ab 107. 00 ab Sudan Yambio Bakibo Bura Jar 34. 33 gh 19. 00 h 18. 67 h 9. 00 h 66. 33 c 67. 67 c 71. 67 b 68. 33 bc 9. 67 e.... 00 abc 75. 67 cde 69. 67 defgh 70. 00 defgh 64. 33 efghij 61. 33 ghij 65. 67 efghi3 68. 67 defghi 92. 00 a 32. 33 de 34. 67 d 28. 67 def 36. 00 d 29. 67 de 33. 00 d 20. 00 fg 36. 00 d 30. 33 de 84. 33 a U. S. A. SW-4 SW-16 UCR-3...

  13. South Asia Water Resources Workshop: An effort to promote water quality data sharing in South Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RAJEN,GAURAV; BIRINGER,KENT L.; BETSILL,J. DAVID

    2000-04-01

    To promote cooperation in South Asia on environmental research, an international working group comprised of participants from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the US convened at the Soaltee Hotel in Kathmandu, Nepal, September 12 to 14, 1999. The workshop was sponsored in part by the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, through funding provided by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nonproliferation and National Security. The CMC promotes collaborations among scientists and researchers in regions throughout the world as a means of achieving common regional security objectives. In the long term, the workshop organizers and participants are interested in the significance of regional information sharing as a means to build confidence and reduce conflict. The intermediate interests of the group focus on activities that might eventually foster regional management of some aspects of water resources utilization. The immediate purpose of the workshop was to begin the implementation phase of a project to collect and share water quality information at a number of river and coastal estuary locations throughout the region. The workshop participants achieved four objectives: (1) gaining a better understanding of the partner organizations involved; (2) garnering the support of existing regional organizations promoting environmental cooperation in South Asia; (3) identifying sites within the region at which data is to be collected; and (4) instituting a data and information collection and sharing process.

  14. Energy-conservation-investment decision making in developing countries: A review of project implementation in industry. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-12-01

    Despite recent efforts in a number of developing countries to promote energy conservation (EC) and efficiency, only a fraction of EC potential has been captured, especially for projects that require significant investments. The document analyzes EC efforts in 11 countries where energy audit and/or feasibility study programs have been carried out (Bangladesh, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Pakistan, Panama, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka), covering some 1,500 EC projects involving 242 industrial companies. Cost and length of payback seem to be the determining factors for companies considering EC measures; no-cost or low-cost projects with paybacks of less than a year (such as power factor improvement projects) had the highest rate of implementation, while expensive, complicated projects (e.g., cogeneration or fuel substitution projects) were most often rejected. The document concludes, however, that the rate of implementation of EC programs has been quite high, and recommends that inexpensive, short-term projects be featured in future EC programs and increased levels of TA and financial assistance be made available to companies implementing long-term EC measures.

  15. CMC Participation in the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (RCSS) Workshop: Defense, Technology and Cooperative Security in South Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biringer, K.L.; Olsen, J.

    1998-11-01

    As an ongoing part of the collaborative efforts between the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) at Sandia National Laboratories, the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), staff from the CMC served as faculty in conducting a workshop in Shanghai, China. Sponsor of the workshop was the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (RCSS) based in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The workshop included participants from throughout South Asia and China. The CMC presented four sessions related to the role of monitoring technologies in promoting regional security and building confidence among nations. Participation in these workshops supports U.S. efforts to further regional cooperation and promote arms control, nonproliferation and other cooperative securily measures and supplements efforts funded by DOE and ACDA over the past four years. The RCSS Shanghai meeting permitted a continued CMC involvement in regionally conducted training for anew generation of leaders in government, the military, and academia throughout South Asia and China. Nuclear issues are clearly a dominant South Asian concern since the nuclear tests of May 1998. However, there remains a strong interest in identifying opportunities for increased trade and reduced tensions in other areas. The RCSS and other regional organizations are enthusiastic about continued CMC involvement in future regional courses.

  16. The Java-Sumatra Aerial Mega-Tramway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Bolonkin; Richard Cathcart

    2007-01-09

    A mega-tramway based on the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Java is proposed to span Sunda Strait. The Java-Sumatra Aerial Mega-Tramway (JSAMT) will be self-elevating and will regularly and cheaply launch passengers and cargoes via two conveyor belt-like facilities using standard winged shipping containers like those currently used by international trucking and ocean shipping industries that are volplaned across the Sunda Strait. The JSAMT will be a self-sustaining toll facility free of any requirement for international loans or funding guarantees for its construction. Its existence will remove any immediate need for an expensive to dig/maintain Nusantara Tunnel. We offer the formative basic technical specifications for the JSAMT and indicate some of the physical and cultural geographical facts underpinning our macro-engineering proposal; offshoots of a perfected and tested JSAMT may be installed at Palk Strait between India and Sri Lanka, the Gibraltar Strait and the Bering Strait by mid-21st Century.

  17. Landau damping of Gardner solitons in a dusty bi-ion plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, A P

    2015-01-01

    The effects of linear Landau damping on the nonlinear propagation of dust-acoustic solitary waves (DASWs) are studied in a collisionless unmagnetized dusty plasma with two species of positive ions. The extremely massive, micron-seized, cold and negatively charged dust particles are described by fluid equations, whereas the two species of positive ions, namely the cold (heavy) and hot (light) ions are described by the kinetic Vlasov equations. Following Ott and Sudan [Phys. Fluids {\\bf 12}, 2388 (1969)], and by considering lower and higher-order perturbations, the evolution of DASWs with Landau damping is shown to be governed by Korteweg-de Vries (KdV), modified KdV (mKdV) or Gardner (KdV-mKdV)-like equations. The properties of the phase velocity and the Landau damping rate of DASWs are studied for different values of the ratios of the temperatures $(\\sigma)$ and the number densities $(\\mu)$ of hot and cold ions as well the cold to hot ion mass ratio $m$. The distinctive features of the decay rates of the ampl...

  18. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  19. Landau damping effects on dust-acoustic solitary waves in a dusty negative-ion plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barman, Arnab; Misra, A. P. E-mail: apmisra@gmail.com

    2014-07-15

    The nonlinear theory of dust-acoustic waves (DAWs) with Landau damping is studied in an unmagnetized dusty negative-ion plasma in the extreme conditions when the free electrons are absent. The cold massive charged dusts are described by fluid equations, whereas the two-species of ions (positive and negative) are described by the kinetic Vlasov equations. A Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation with Landau damping, governing the dynamics of weakly nonlinear and weakly dispersive DAWs, is derived following Ott and Sudan [Phys. Fluids 12, 2388 (1969)]. It is shown that for some typical laboratory and space plasmas, the Landau damping (and the nonlinear) effects are more pronounced than the finite Debye length (dispersive) effects for which the KdV soliton theory is not applicable to DAWs in dusty pair-ion plasmas. The properties of the linear phase velocity, solitary wave amplitudes (in presence and absence of the Landau damping) as well as the Landau damping rate are studied with the effects of the positive ion to dust density ratio (?{sub pd}) as well as the ratios of positive to negative ion temperatures (?) and masses (m)

  20. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/11: Cooperative Environmental Monitoring in the Coastal Regions of India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajen, Gauray

    1999-06-01

    The cessation of hostilities between India and Pakistan is an immediate need and of global concern, as these countries have tested nuclear devices, and have the capability to deploy nuclear weapons and long-range ballistic missiles. Cooperative monitoring projects among neighboring countries in South Asia could build regional confidence, and, through gradual improvements in relations, reduce the threat of war and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This paper discusses monitoring the trans-border movement of flow and sediment in the Indian and Pakistani coastal areas. Through such a project, India and Pakistan could initiate greater cooperation, and engender movement towards the resolution of the Sir Creek territorial dispute in their coastal region. The Joint Working Groups dialogue being conducted by India and Pakistan provides a mechanism for promoting such a project. The proposed project also falls within a regional framework of cooperation agreed to by several South Asian countries. This framework has been codified in the South Asian Seas Action Plan, developed by Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. This framework provides a useful starting point for Indian and Pakistani cooperative monitoring in their trans-border coastal area. The project discussed in this paper involves computer modeling, the placement of in situ sensors for remote data acquisition, and the development of joint reports. Preliminary computer modeling studies are presented in the paper. These results illustrate the cross-flow connections between Indian and Pakistani coastal regions and strengthen the argument for cooperation. Technologies and actions similar to those suggested for the coastal project are likely to be applied in future arms control and treaty verification agreements. The project, therefore, serves as a demonstration of cooperative monitoring technologies. The project will also increase people-to-people contacts among Indian and Pakistani policy makers and scientists. In the perceptions of the general public, the project will crystallize the idea that the two countries share ecosystems and natural resources, and have a vested interest in increased collaboration.

  1. Evaluating climate models: Should we use weather or climate observations?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oglesby, Robert J [ORNL; Erickson III, David J [ORNL

    2009-12-01

    Calling the numerical models that we use for simulations of climate change 'climate models' is a bit of a misnomer. These 'general circulation models' (GCMs, AKA global climate models) and their cousins the 'regional climate models' (RCMs) are actually physically-based weather simulators. That is, these models simulate, either globally or locally, daily weather patterns in response to some change in forcing or boundary condition. These simulated weather patterns are then aggregated into climate statistics, very much as we aggregate observations into 'real climate statistics'. Traditionally, the output of GCMs has been evaluated using climate statistics, as opposed to their ability to simulate realistic daily weather observations. At the coarse global scale this may be a reasonable approach, however, as RCM's downscale to increasingly higher resolutions, the conjunction between weather and climate becomes more problematic. We present results from a series of present-day climate simulations using the WRF ARW for domains that cover North America, much of Latin America, and South Asia. The basic domains are at a 12 km resolution, but several inner domains at 4 km have also been simulated. These include regions of complex topography in Mexico, Colombia, Peru, and Sri Lanka, as well as a region of low topography and fairly homogeneous land surface type (the U.S. Great Plains). Model evaluations are performed using standard climate analyses (e.g., reanalyses; NCDC data) but also using time series of daily station observations. Preliminary results suggest little difference in the assessment of long-term mean quantities, but the variability on seasonal and interannual timescales is better described. Furthermore, the value-added by using daily weather observations as an evaluation tool increases with the model resolution.

  2. A giant dune-dammed lake on the North Platte River, Nebraska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swinehart, J.B. (Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States). Conservation and Survey Div.); Loope, D.B. (Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States). Dept. of Geology)

    1992-01-01

    The recent work in the Nebraska Sand Hills, just north of the North Platte Valley, has revealed the presence of numerous dune dams--sites where eolian sand has filled Pleistocene paleovalleys and caused the formation of lake basins containing abundant small, interdunal lakes. Although the Platte River is considered the southern margin of the Sand Hills, there is a 1,200 sq km triangular area of large dunes in Lincoln County just south of the South Platte. The authors hypothesize that large dunes migrated southward to fill the North Platte Valley during glacial maximum when both the North and South Platte were dry. As Rocky Mountain snowmelt and Great Plains precipitation increased during deglaciation, a single 65 km-long, 15 km-wide, 50 m-deep lake formed behind the massive dune dam. The tentative chronology suggests that the lake was in existence for at least several thousand years. They have not yet found compelling evidence of catastrophic flooding downstream of the former lake. Evidence of two large Quaternary lakes on the White Nile between Khartoum and Malakal (Sudan) was discovered in the 1960's. Shoreline deposits indicate the lakes were 400--600 km long and up to 50 km wide. Although the lakes have been attributed to repeated blockage of the White Nile by clay-rich Blue Nile deposits, the distribution and age of dune sand near the confluence of these rivers suggest that, as in the Nebraska example, the course of the White Nile was blocked by dunes when the region was desiccated in the Late Pleistocene. Lakes behind permeable dams rise to a level where input equals output. Earthen dams are vulnerable to overtopping and piping. The relatively high permeability of dune sand prevents or delays overtopping, and piping is prevented by the extremely high low hydraulic gradients that typify extant sand dams.

  3. SPITZER EVIDENCE FOR A LATE-HEAVY BOMBARDMENT AND THE FORMATION OF UREILITES IN {eta} CORVI At {approx}1 Gyr

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lisse, C. M. [JHU-APL, 11100 Johns Hopkins Road, Laurel, MD 20723 (United States); Wyatt, M. C. [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Chen, C. H. [STScI, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Morlok, A. [Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, The Open University, Milton-Keynes (United Kingdom); Watson, D. M.; Manoj, P.; Sheehan, P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States); Currie, T. M. [NASA-GSFC, Code 667, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Thebault, P. [Observatoire de Paris, F-92195 Meudon Principal Cedex (France); Sitko, M. L., E-mail: carey.lisse@jhuapl.edu, E-mail: wyatt@ast.cam.ac.uk, E-mail: cchen@stsci.edu, E-mail: a.morlok@open.ac.uk, E-mail: dmw@pas.rochester.edu, E-mail: manoj@pas.rochester.edu, E-mail: psheeha2@mail.rochester.edu, E-mail: thayne.m.currie@nasa.gov, E-mail: philippe.thebault@obspm.fr, E-mail: sitko@spacescience.org [Space Science Institute, 475 Walnut Street, Suite 205, Boulder, CO 80301 (United States)

    2012-03-10

    We have analyzed Spitzer and NASA/IRTF 2-35 {mu}m spectra of the warm, {approx}350 K circumstellar dust around the nearby MS star {eta} Corvi (F2V, 1.4 {+-} 0.3 Gyr). The spectra show clear evidence for warm, water- and carbon-rich dust at {approx}3 AU from the central star, in the system's terrestrial habitability zone. Spectral features due to ultra-primitive cometary material were found, in addition to features due to impact produced silica and high-temperature carbonaceous phases. At least 9 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 18} kg of 0.1-100 {mu}m warm dust is present in a collisional equilibrium distribution with dn/da {approx} a{sup -3.5}, the equivalent of a 130 km radius Kuiper Belt object (KBO) of 1.0 g cm{sup 3} density and similar to recent estimates of the mass delivered to the Earth at 0.6-0.8 Gyr during the late-heavy bombardment. We conclude that the parent body was a Kuiper Belt body or bodies which captured a large amount of early primitive material in the first megayears of the system's lifetime and preserved it in deep freeze at {approx}150 AU. At {approx}1.4 Gyr they were prompted by dynamical stirring of their parent Kuiper Belt into spiraling into the inner system, eventually colliding at 5-10 km s{sup -1} with a rocky planetary body of mass {<=}M{sub Earth} at {approx}3 AU, delivering large amounts of water (>0.1% of M{sub Earth'sOceans}) and carbon-rich material. The Spitzer spectrum also closely matches spectra reported for the Ureilite meteorites of the Sudan Almahata Sitta fall in 2008, suggesting that one of the Ureilite parent bodies was a KBO.

  4. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

    2008-07-13

    Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such products. A contract has been competitively awarded to the Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) under the Lighting Africa Program to select and test ten solar lantern product models. Lantern selection will be determined based on a number of criteria, among them, the ability to provide a daily duty cycle of at least 3 hours of light, the number of days of autonomy of battery, the volume of sales (especially in Africa), and whether or not the manufacturing facility is ISO 9000 certified. Those that are confirmed as meeting the specifications may be eligible to receive a PVGAP quality seal. The work is being carried out in partnership with the Photovoltaic and Wind Quality Test Center in Beijing, China and TUV Rhineland in Koeln, Germany. As off-grid LED-based stand-alone lighting products is in a nascent stage of development compared to CFL-based lanterns, Lighting Africa will support the development of a 'Quality Screening' approach to selecting LED lighting, in order not to delay consumers benefiting from such advances. The screening methodology could be used by procurement agencies to qualify LED lighting products for bulk or programmatic procurements. The main elements of this work comprises of developing a procurement specification and test procedure for undertaking a 'quick' quality/usability screening to be used for procuring LED lights and to test up to 30 LED-based lights to screen products that meet the requirement. The second strategy is intended to meet a longer-term need associated with creating a self-sustaining product quality assurance program that will effectively protect the African consumer, prevent significant market spoiling, adapt with expected technological advancements over the long-term--in other words, give consumers the ability to detect quality products and the information needed to find products that meet their specific needs from among the myriad of lighting products that become available commercially. Workshop discussions and the discussions evolving from the workshop led the Lighting Africa team to opt for an approach similar to that of th

  5. Towards SEA for the developing nations of Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Briffett, Clive; Obbard, Jeffrey Philip; Mackee, Jamie

    2003-03-01

    In the developing and transitional countries of Asia, environmental impact assessment (EIA) has been widely practiced as a planning tool that identifies the potential impacts associated with developments and determines their level of significance and the need for mitigating measures. Not withstanding its extensive use in many Asian countries, certain limitations are now being increasingly recognised with regard to achieving sustainable development within the planning process. It is also noted that the natural environment in Asia has continued to be severely degraded despite the adoption of EIA. This research project was undertaken at the National University of Singapore to review the status on the implementation of EIA procedures and to investigate the status and potential of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) in Asia. The research project generally investigated the existing physical attributes of six countries including Hong Kong and Singapore, Malaysia and the Philippines, Sri Lanka and Vietnam and discussed their prevailing environmental conditions. It more specifically reviewed policymaking and environmental planning, environmental legislation and the practice and procedures of environmental impact assessment. It also evaluated environmental assessment education and training activities. In some cases such as Hong Kong, an opportunity to analyse actual SEA practice was included. In other cases, the potential for possible take up of formal SEA was assessed. A comparative review assesses the degree to which EIA and SEA procedures have been utilized, considers how the use of SEA could overcome the deficiencies of the EIA project-based system and includes aspects of meeting sustainability criteria. Results show that the use and application of EIA is relatively strong across all countries with the possible exception of Singapore which relies more heavily on its planning and control system to address potential environmental impacts arising from development projects. Despite this, EIAs have been undertaken in every country due to aid and bank lending agencies requiring them and multinational companies and many local NGOs completing voluntary EIAs. Even though the mandatory introduction of EIA into some countries is fairly recent such as Hong Kong (1999) and Vietnam (1994), efforts to conduct such investigations may have started many years before. The country reviews highlight many common problems and adverse influences that give rise to inadequate EIA practice, and in some cases, recommendations for improvement are proposed. The potential for SEA is assessed on the basis of its present usage which is generally small except for Hong Kong and the environmental strategic decision-making that is being conducted in policy, plan and programme formulations. While the more comprehensive and well-refined westernized model of SEA is generally weakly implemented at present, there is evidence to suggest that Agenda 21, along with other international treaties such as the Biodiversity Charter and the Ramsar Convention, has motivated certain sustainability initiatives that are resulting in increased environmental considerations at a strategic level. In some cases, these may be reflected in National Plan policymaking or in the sector and area-based activities of various ministries and departments. It is concluded that SEA potential is generally strong in those countries with smaller centralized bureaucracies but that its successful implementation will be highly dependent on changing the mind-sets and motivations of top personnel at ministerial level.

  6. Fiscalini Farms Biomass Energy Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    William Stringfellow; Mary Kay Camarillo; Jeremy Hanlon; Michael Jue; Chelsea Spier

    2011-09-30

    In this final report describes and documents research that was conducted by the Ecological Engineering Research Program (EERP) at the University of the Pacific (Stockton, CA) under subcontract to Fiscalini Farms LP for work under the Assistance Agreement DE-EE0001895 'Measurement and Evaluation of a Dairy Anaerobic Digestion/Power Generation System' from the United States Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory. Fiscalini Farms is operating a 710 kW biomass-energy power plant that uses bio-methane, generated from plant biomass, cheese whey, and cattle manure via mesophilic anaerobic digestion, to produce electricity using an internal combustion engine. The primary objectives of the project were to document baseline conditions for the anaerobic digester and the combined heat and power (CHP) system used for the dairy-based biomass-energy production. The baseline condition of the plant was evaluated in the context of regulatory and economic constraints. In this final report, the operation of the plant between start-up in 2009 and operation in 2010 are documented and an interpretation of the technical data is provided. An economic analysis of the biomass energy system was previously completed (Appendix A) and the results from that study are discussed briefly in this report. Results from the start-up and first year of operation indicate that mesophilic anaerobic digestion of agricultural biomass, combined with an internal combustion engine, is a reliable source of alternative electrical production. A major advantage of biomass energy facilities located on dairy farms appears to be their inherent stability and ability to produce a consistent, 24 hour supply of electricity. However, technical analysis indicated that the Fiscalini Farms system was operating below capacity and that economic sustainability would be improved by increasing loading of feedstocks to the digester. Additional operational modifications, such as increased utilization of waste heat and better documentation of potential of carbon credits, would also improve the economic outlook. Analysis of baseline operational conditions indicated that a reduction in methane emissions and other greenhouse gas savings resulted from implementation of the project. The project results indicate that using anaerobic digestion to produce bio-methane from agricultural biomass is a promising source of electricity, but that significant challenges need to be addressed before dairy-based biomass energy production can be fully integrated into an alternative energy economy. The biomass energy facility was found to be operating undercapacity. Economic analysis indicated a positive economic sustainability, even at the reduced power production levels demonstrated during the baseline period. However, increasing methane generation capacity (via the importation of biomass codigestate) will be critical for increasing electricity output and improving the long-term economic sustainability of the operation. Dairy-based biomass energy plants are operating under strict environmental regulations applicable to both power-production and confined animal facilities and novel approached are being applied to maintain minimal environmental impacts. The use of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) for nitrous oxide control and a biological hydrogen sulfide control system were tested at this facility. Results from this study suggest that biomass energy systems can be compliant with reasonable scientifically based air and water pollution control regulations. The most significant challenge for the development of biomass energy as a viable component of power production on a regional scale is likely to be the availability of energy-rich organic feedstocks. Additionally, there needs to be further development of regional expertise in digester and power plant operations. At the Fiscalini facility, power production was limited by the availability of biomass for methane generation, not the designed system capacity. During the baseline study period, feedstocks included manure, sudan grass silage, and

  7. Three Blind Men and the Elephant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Long, J S

    2007-02-13

    Just like the blind men in the popular story of perceiving the elephant, the three major constituencies participating in the energy debate have greatly different perceptions of the problem. The constituency that is worried about climate change believes the energy problem is caused by profligate use of fossil fuel that has dramatically changed our atmosphere. The energy security group sees dangerous reliance on foreign sources of oil increasingly held by countries hostile to the US. The economic vitality group sees high energy prices and their effect on the economy and our life-style. Just like the blind men, each of the three constituencies perceives a different problem. And just as with the blind men, while each perspective is right as a piece of the elephant, it takes all the perspectives together to actually solve the problem. Environmentalists focus on solutions responding to the scientific consensus that greenhouse gases are creating rapid climate change. The tipping point has come: it is now a consensus position among scientists the global warming is being affected by anthropogenic activity to 90% certainty according to the last IPCC report. Although they still struggle with the prediction of how much global temperatures will rise if we do nothing--is it 5 deg or 10 under BAU? This group believes that we cannot afford to take a chance because we get only one chance. We can not afford to do this kind of experiment with the Earth. Any choice which decreases our CO{sub 2} footprint is favored, even if it means a decrease in standard of living. The energy security constituency sees the geo-politics of oil becoming increasingly dire. They look at oil money being used to fund anti-American activities of groups such as the Wahabis in Saudi Arabia, Hezbollah in Lebanon and the infamous Al Qaeda. They quip that the Iraq war is the first war where we are paying for both sides. They note Iran and the Shia throughout the Middle East seeing the possibility of controlling 2/3 of the world's oil. They see oil and gas being used by Russia to exert political power using the gas tap and Hugo Chavez in Venezuela clearly anti-American and now a virtual dictator who controls 15% of our oil imports. Conflicts in Nigeria over oil wealth and corruption affected our oil supply. Countries such as China are at best unwilling to join political action against countries such as Sudan that supply them oil, and at worst, selling them arms in order to cement their relationships with respect to importing oil. This security constituency favors ending our vulnerability by ending our ''addiction to foreign oil''. This group thinks that there is no domestic source of energy that is bad. They will be happy to see our corn turned into ethanol; our coal turned into liquid fuel for transportation. No matter that the price of tortillas doubles in Mexico, we expand corn farming at the expense of the environment, our tanks and pipes in gas stations corrode and leak, or we make liquid fuel from coal, thus increasing the carbon footprint by 30% per unit of energy. The economic vitality group sees increasing international demand for oil occurring simultaneously with a peaking supply of light sweet crude. They see an oil market where higher prices drive more production of oil which is heavier and more sour (supply follows demand). However, fast growth in world-wide demand increases even faster and prices will go up. For example, China adds 10,000 cars per month, and there is an uncanny correlation between the price of oil and the amount of oil imported by China. The security contingent also worries about reliability of supply as affected by pipeline leaks in Alaska or hurricanes or potential terrorism. This constituency thinks the problem is one of capacity and favors solutions that will increase oil production, reservoirs, pipelines and refineries. They believe that the energy system will be determined by the market and want solutions that favor investment in capacity. What the environmentalists don't seem to get is climate change by itself will fail to gather b