Sample records for lanka sudan suriname

  1. Suriname-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Suriname-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Suriname-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap...

  2. Sudan und Sd-Sudan. Vom Konflikt zur Kooperation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koenig, Friederike - Fachbereich 2 Biologie

    Sudan und Süd-Sudan. Vom Konflikt zur Kooperation? Professor Dr. Karl Wohlmuth (Fachbereich aktuellen Konflikte zwischen dem Sudan und dem Süd-Sudan haben, wie die Konflikte innerhalb der beiden internationalen Grenze zwischen Sudan und Süd-Sudan mobilisiert werden können. Schon vor der Unabhängigkeit des

  3. Countries with Estimated or Reported Tuberculosis Incidence, 2009 "High Incidence" areas are defined as areas with reported or estimated incidence of 20 cases per 100,000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    are defined as areas with reported or estimated incidence of 20 cases per 100,000 population Afghanistan Cook China India Namibia Sri Lanka Colombia Indonesia Nepal Sudan Comoros Iraq Nicaragua Suriname Congo Japan

  4. TUBERCULOSIS (TB) SCREENING QUESTIONNAIRE (REQUIRED) PLEASE PRINT -This section to be completed by student

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland with Tuberculosis incidence rates >20 cases per 100,000 population. Yes No #12;2 TUBERCULOSIS (TB) RISK ASSESSMENT

  5. Please answer all of the following questions: 1. Have you ever had close contact with persons known or suspected to have active TB? o Yes o No

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland,000 population. For future updates, refer to http://apps.who.int/ghodata Student Name: (Please print) College ID

  6. Student Name: ______________________________ Birthdate (MM/DD/YY): ____________ PART I SCREENING: Please answer the following questions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland,000 population. For future updates, refer to http://apps.who.int/ghodata 3. Have you ever lived as a resident

  7. Suriname: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern ILSunseeker Energy Holding AGSurana Telecom andSuriname:

  8. Volume 7, Number 13 July 9, 2013 From One Sudan to Two Sudans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Volume 7, Number 13 July 9, 2013 From One Sudan to Two Sudans: Dynamics of Partition of the establishment of the Republic of South Sudan, the 54th member state of the African Union. The partition of Sudan a twenty-year war between the central government in Khartoum and the South-based Sudan Peoples' Liberation

  9. Sudan and the Lost Girls: Another Step

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraden, Seth

    Sudan and the Lost Girls: Another Step in the Journey-- Sudan to America Presented by Brandeis Journalism-- Panel discussion on "Sudan and the Lost Girls: Another Step in the Journey," present- ed Educational Fund. The participants will discuss life in South Sudan during the mass exodus of youth from

  10. PATHOLOGIE VGTALE Phyllody of faba bean in the Sudan. II. —

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    PATHOLOGIE VÉGÉTALE Phyllody of faba bean in the Sudan. II. — Detection of the disease - Sudan. #12;I. INTRODUCTION The associ

  11. Patterns hidden from simple algorithms Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    Patterns hidden from simple algorithms Madhu Sudan February 7, 2011 Is the number the most notorious example. Madhu Sudan (madhu@mit.edu) is a Principal Researcher at Microsoft Research

  12. GURUSWAMI, H ASTAD, SUDAN, AND ZUCKERMAN 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HÃ¥stad, Johan

    GURUSWAMI, H Å¡ ASTAD, SUDAN, AND ZUCKERMAN 1 Combinatorial Bounds for List Decoding Venkatesan Guruswami Johan HÅ¡astad Madhu Sudan David Zuckerman Abstract--- Informally, an error­correcting code hasË?oran Gustafsson founda­ tion and NSF grant CCR­9987077. Madhu Sudan's address is Laboratory for Computer Science

  13. Physical limits of Communication Madhu Sudan1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    Physical limits of Communication Madhu Sudan1 1 Microsoft Research New England, One Memorial Drive by a particle may flip during transmission, and delay, where the particle's arrival time at a © Madhu Sudan, Germany #12;Madhu Sudan 5 destination may not correspond exactly to its departure time. In particular we

  14. GURUSWAMI, H ASTAD, SUDAN, AND ZUCKERMAN 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guruswami, Venkatesan

    GURUSWAMI, H Å¡ ASTAD, SUDAN, AND ZUCKERMAN 1 Combinatorial Bounds for List Decoding Venkatesan Guruswami Johan HÅ¡astad Madhu Sudan David Zuckerman Abstract--- Informally, an error­correcting code has@nada.kth.se. Supported in part by the GË?oran Gustafsson founda­ tion and NSF grant CCR­9987077. Madhu Sudan's address

  15. Chiefs, state-building, and development in independent South Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Chiefs, state-building, and development in independent South Sudan Independent South Sudan In 2005 after more than two decades of war, the northern-based government of Sudan and the southern-based Sudan 2011, South Sudan finally became independent. The process of establishing executive, legislative

  16. DOE's General Counsel Determines Sudan Act Does Not Bar Areva...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    DOE's General Counsel Determines Sudan Act Does Not Bar Areva Enrichment Services LLC Loan Application DOE's General Counsel Determines Sudan Act Does Not Bar Areva Enrichment...

  17. 7th International Sudan Studies Conference "Fifty Years After Independence : Sudan's Quest for Peace, Stability and Identity" April 6th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    7th International Sudan Studies Conference "Fifty Years After Independence : Sudan's Quest Do you speak Kordofanian ? In the very center of the Republic of the Sudan, the province of South in the whole Sudan in an area which represents fewer than 5 % of the country. This high ratio of languages per

  18. The influence of sea-level changes on tropical coastal lowlands; the Pleistocene Coropina Formation, Suriname

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    of Paleocene­Eocene bauxites. This study deals with the stratigraphy, sedimentology and chronology A general problem in terrestrial and coastal sedimentology and stratigraphy is the common lack of precise the sedimentology of a Pleistocene­Holocene succession in the coastal plain of Suriname and use palaeomagnetic

  19. Pseudorandom generators without the XOR Lemma Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    Pseudorandom generators without the XOR Lemma Madhu Sudan y Luca Trevisan z Salil Vadhan x May 18 a previous one by Arora and Sudan AS97]. Keywords: Pseudorandom generators, extractors, polynomial

  20. Maximum Likelihood Decoding of Reed Solomon Codes Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    Maximum Likelihood Decoding of Reed Solomon Codes Madhu Sudan Abstract We present a randomized and Welch [4] (see, for instance, Gem- mell and Sudan [9]). In this paper we present an algorithm which

  1. SMALL PCPS WITH LOW QUERY Prahladh Harsha and Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harsha, Prahladh

    SMALL PCPS WITH LOW QUERY COMPLEXITY Prahladh Harsha and Madhu Sudan Abstract. Most known. #12; 2 Harsha & Sudan Subsequently much success has been achieved in improving the parameters of PCPs of Friedl & Sudan (1995), who indicate that NP has PCPs with nearly quadratic size complexity and in which

  2. On the work of Madhu Sudan Avi Wigderson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wigderson, Avi

    On the work of Madhu Sudan Avi Wigderson Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, and The Hebrew University, Jerusalem September 28, 2002 1 Introduction Madhu Sudan is the recipient of the 2002 Nevanlinna Prize. Sudan has made fundamental contri­ butions to two major areas of research, the connections

  3. Testing Linear Properties: Some general themes Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    Testing Linear Properties: Some general themes Madhu Sudan January 20, 2011 Abstract The last two] and Babai, Fortnow and Lund [3]. The formal definition appeared later in the work of Rubinfeld and Sudan [43 as locally testable codes (defined in [43], studied systematically by Goldreich and Sudan [25

  4. On the work of Madhu Sudan Avi Wigderson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wigderson, Avi

    On the work of Madhu Sudan Avi Wigderson Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, and The Hebrew University, Jerusalem September 28, 2002 1 Introduction Madhu Sudan is the recipient of the 2002 Nevanlinna Prize. Sudan has made fundamental contri- butions to two major areas of research, the connections

  5. SMALL PCPS WITH LOW QUERY Prahladh Harsha and Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    SMALL PCPS WITH LOW QUERY COMPLEXITY Prahladh Harsha and Madhu Sudan Abstract. Most known;2 Harsha & Sudan Subsequently much success has been achieved in improving the parameters of PCPs of Friedl & Sudan (1995), who indicate that NP has PCPs with nearly quadratic size complexity and in which

  6. arabia senegal sudan: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as identification of the dominating microflora in water samples. Samples were taken monthly from different places in Khartoum State and Wadmedani district, Sudan. These samples...

  7. As an eye witness to the celebrated independence of South Sudan, how

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    As an eye witness to the celebrated independence of South Sudan, how would you describe the event split from the SPLM (Sudan Liberation Movement) prior to secession. I was in direct contact with many and ambivalence. The saddest moment for many was when the flag of the Sudan was lowered and that of South Sudan

  8. Guessing Secrets E#ciently via List Decoding Noga Alon # Venkatesan Guruswami + Tali Kaufman # Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guruswami, Venkatesan

    # Madhu Sudan § Abstract We consider the guessing secrets problem defined by Chung, Graham, and Leighton

  9. Hardness of Approximate Hypergraph Coloring Venkatesan Guruswami Johan Hastad y Madhu Sudan z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guruswami, Venkatesan

    Hardness of Approximate Hypergraph Coloring Venkatesan Guruswami #3; Johan HÅ¡astad y Madhu Sudan #3

  10. On the Roth and Ruckenstein Equations for the Guruswami-Sudan Algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 On the Roth and Ruckenstein Equations for the Guruswami-Sudan Algorithm Daniel Augot in the Sudan decoding algorithm. Generalizing their idea, a sequence of key equations for the Guruswami-Sudan matrices and thus solving the GS-interpolation step efficiently. Index Terms--Guruswami-Sudan algorithm

  11. Sudan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL ElecStrategicStories Home Energy DataEnergySudan: Energy

  12. Journal of Geological Society of Sri Lanka Vol. 15 (2013), 69-83 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY POTENTIAL IN SRI LANKA: A PRELIMINARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    Journal of Geological Society of Sri Lanka Vol. 15 (2013), 69-83 69 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY POTENTIAL faults or hot dry rock that would help geothermal energy development. Data show three regions, metamorphic terrains INTRODUCTION Geothermal energy development in Sri Lanka has been considered

  13. List Decoding Algorithms for Certain Concatenated Codes Venkatesan Guruswami y Madhu Sudan z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guruswami, Venkatesan

    List Decoding Algorithms for Certain Concatenated Codes #3; Venkatesan Guruswami y Madhu Sudan z the traditional error-correction radius. The #12;rst such list decoding algorithm was given by Sudan [27] for Reed

  14. 6.S897 Algebra and Computation February 21, 2012 Lecturer: Madhu Sudan Scribe: Zachary Abel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldwasser, Shafi

    6.S897 Algebra and Computation February 21, 2012 Lecture 4 Lecturer: Madhu Sudan Scribe: Zachary Abel 1 Administrivia · Email list: Please make sure you are on the course email list. Email Prof. Sudan

  15. A Theory of GoalOriented Communication # Oded Goldreich Brendan Juba Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldwasser, Shafi

    A Theory of Goal­Oriented Communication # Oded Goldreich Brendan Juba Madhu Sudan September 17.4 Relation to prior work of Juba and Sudan [9, 10] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.5 Relation

  16. Effects of Data Uncertainties on Estimated Soil Organic Carbon in the Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ardö, Jonas

    Effects of Data Uncertainties on Estimated Soil Organic Carbon in the Sudan JEAN-NICOLAS POUSSART was situated in central Sudan and dominated by subsistence agroecosystems. Uncertainties in the modeling

  17. Short PCPs Verifiable in Polylogarithmic Time # Eli BenSasson + Oded Goldreich # Prahladh Harsha Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Sasson, Eli

    § Madhu Sudan ¶ Salil Vadhan # July 12, 2006 Abstract We show that every language in NP has) and Ben­Sasson and Sudan (STOC '05), respectively. The time complexity of the verifier and the size

  18. Short PCPs Verifiable in Polylogarithmic Time Eli BenSasson # Oded Goldreich + Prahladh Harsha # Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldreich, Oded

    # Madhu Sudan § Salil Vadhan ¶ Abstract We show that every language in NP has a proba­ bilistically al. (STOC '04) and Ben­Sasson and Sudan (STOC '05), respectively. The time complexity of the verifier

  19. A Theory of Goal-Oriented Communication Oded Goldreich Brendan Juba Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldreich, Oded

    A Theory of Goal-Oriented Communication #3; Oded Goldreich Brendan Juba Madhu Sudan September 17.4 Relation to prior work of Juba and Sudan [9, 10] : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 3 1.5 Relation

  20. Short PCPs Verifiable in Polylogarithmic Time # Eli BenSasson + Oded Goldreich # Prahladh Harsha Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldreich, Oded

    § Madhu Sudan ¶ Salil Vadhan # January 3, 2006 Abstract We show that every language in NP has) and Ben­Sasson and Sudan (STOC '05), respectively. The time complexity of the verifier and the size

  1. A Theory of Goal-Oriented Communication Oded Goldreich Brendan Juba Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldwasser, Shafi

    A Theory of Goal-Oriented Communication Oded Goldreich Brendan Juba Madhu Sudan September 17, 2009.4 Relation to prior work of Juba and Sudan [9, 10] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.5 Relation

  2. DVIR, KOPPARTY, SARAF, AND SUDAN ON THE SIZE OF KAKEYA SETS IN FINITE FIELDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lev, Vsevolod F.

    DVIR, KOPPARTY, SARAF, AND SUDAN ON THE SIZE OF KAKEYA SETS IN FINITE FIELDS AN EXPOSITION was made in a subsequent paper by Dvir, Kopparty, Saraf, and Sudan [DKSS], who use what they call

  3. Approximate Graph Coloring by Semidefinite Programming David Karger \\Lambda Rajeev Motwani y Madhu Sudan z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan z Abstract We consider the problem of coloring k­colorable graphs with the fewest possible colors

  4. Combinatorial Bounds for List Decoding Venkatesan Guruswami Johan Hastad y Madhu Sudan z David Zuckerman x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guruswami, Venkatesan

    Combinatorial Bounds for List Decoding Venkatesan Guruswami #3; Johan HÅ¡astad y Madhu Sudan z David

  5. Small PCPs with Low Query Complexity Prahladh Harsha and Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    Small PCPs with Low Query Complexity Prahladh Harsha and Madhu Sudan Laboratory for Computer of Friedl and Sudan [8], who indicate that NP has PCPs with nearly quadratic size complexity and in which been substantially improved. Raz and Safra [13] and Arora and Sudan [3] have given highly efficient

  6. "Soft-decision"Decoding of Chinese Remainder Codes Venkatesan Guruswami* Amit Sahai * t Madhu Sudan * 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahai, Amit

    "Soft-decision"Decoding of Chinese Remainder Codes Venkatesan Guruswami* Amit Sahai * t Madhu Sudan Code were given recently by Goldreich, Ron, and Sudan 151, and im- proved by Bonkh [I, Goldreich, Ron, and Sudan [5] gave a "list de- coding" algorithm for this code. Formally,the list decoding

  7. SUDAN: ANATOMY OF A CONFLICT Escalation: SAF and SPLA Force Deployment Within and Around Abyei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chou, James

    SUDAN: ANATOMY OF A CONFLICT Chapter I Escalation: SAF and SPLA Force Deployment Within and Around Abyei Mid-2010 to January 2011 1 Harvard Humanitarian Initiative Sudan: Anatomy of a Conflict Executive in Sudan Since January 2011, humanitarian actors and international observers, including United Nations

  8. 6.S897 Algebra and Computation February 13, 2012 Lecturer: Madhu Sudan Scribe: Zeyuan Allen Zhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldwasser, Shafi

    6.S897 Algebra and Computation February 13, 2012 Lecture 2 Lecturer: Madhu Sudan Scribe: Zeyuan an email to Prof. Sudan. All students (including listeners) need to scribe at least once. · Lectures always with a concrete example. How can we solve a cube? (In class Prof. Sudan handed to the students a fancy cube

  9. Chironomid Haemoglobins: Their Detection and Role in Allergy to Midges in the Sudan and Elsewhere.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cranston, Peter S.

    f' Chironomid Haemoglobins: Their Detection and Role in Allergy to Midges in the Sudan on allergic reactions of humans to chironomids. particularly to nuisance midges in the Sudan, are reviewed investigations into the nature and extent of chironomid allergy in the Sudan have taken place. Particular

  10. A Theory of Goal-Oriented Communication Oded Goldreich Brendan Juba Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldreich, Oded

    A Theory of Goal-Oriented Communication Oded Goldreich Brendan Juba Madhu Sudan February 12, 2011 significantly extend the scope of the investigation started by Juba and Sudan (STOC 2008) who studied . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.3 Relation to related works of Juba and Sudan [10, 11

  11. GURUSWAMI, H ASTAD, SUDAN, AND ZUCKERMAN 1 Combinatorial Bounds for List Decoding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    GURUSWAMI, H °ASTAD, SUDAN, AND ZUCKERMAN 1 Combinatorial Bounds for List Decoding Venkatesan Guruswami Johan H°astad Madhu Sudan David Zuckerman Abstract--Informally, an error-correcting code has "nice. Madhu Sudan's address is Laboratory for Computer Science, 200 Tech- nology Square, Cambridge, MA 02139

  12. GURUSWAMI, H ASTAD, SUDAN, AND ZUCKERMAN 1 Combinatorial Bounds for List Decoding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HÃ¥stad, Johan

    GURUSWAMI, H °ASTAD, SUDAN, AND ZUCKERMAN 1 Combinatorial Bounds for List Decoding Venkatesan Guruswami Johan H°astad Madhu Sudan David Zuckerman Abstract-- Informally, an error-correcting code has. Madhu Sudan's address is Laboratory for Computer Science, 200 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA 02139

  13. Do free-of-charge public health services impede cost recovery policies in Khartoum state, Sudan?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Do free-of-charge public health services impede cost recovery policies in Khartoum state, Sudan? K about Sudan and the similarity of conditions in sub-Saharan Africa, the authors support this study using background from the experiences of other developing countries). Sudan, like other developing countries, has

  14. ``Softdecision'' Decoding of Chinese Remainder Codes Venkatesan Guruswami Amit Sahai y Madhu Sudan z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guruswami, Venkatesan

    Madhu Sudan #3; z Abstract Given n relatively prime integers p 1 Code were given recently by Goldreich, Ron, and Sudan [5], and improved by Boneh [1]. Their algorithms gave a decoding algorithm for this code, correcting n k 2 errors. 1 Recently, Goldreich, Ron, and Sudan

  15. A Theory of Goal-Oriented Communication Oded Goldreich Brendan Juba Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldreich, Oded

    A Theory of Goal-Oriented Communication Oded Goldreich Brendan Juba Madhu Sudan December 18, 2009 significantly extend the scope of the investigation started by Juba and Sudan (STOC 2008) who studied . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.3 Relation to related works of Juba and Sudan [9, 10

  16. Optimal Testing of Reed-Muller Codes Arnab Bhattacharyya, Swastik Kopparty, Grant Schoenebeck, Madhu Sudan, David Zuckerman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    , Madhu Sudan§, David Zuckerman¶ Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory MIT, Cambridge

  17. The Neoproterozoic Keraf Suture in NE Sudan: Sinistral Transpression along the Eastern Margin of West Gondwana1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    The Neoproterozoic Keraf Suture in NE Sudan: Sinistral Transpression along the Eastern Margin Sudan remains poorly under-2 University of Houston Department of Geosciences, Hous- stood because of its Geological Research Authority of the Sudan, Regional Ge- ology Administration, Box 410, Khartoum, Sudan

  18. Sri Lanka-DLR Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL Elec Coop,Lanka-DLR Cooperation Jump to: navigation,

  19. The trouser under the cloth : Ceylon/Sri Lanka, personal space in the decolonization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pieris, Anoma D. (Anoma Darshani)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the processes of decolonization in Ceylon/Sri Lanka, through the expressions of personal space surrounding the event of political independence. Personal space is understood as dress, manners, and ...

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - arabia sudan syrian Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    South Persian Gulf, south Arabia and Sinai along... , falls within that of the Sinai population. In Sudan, breeding was recorded from June to September (Snow Source: Nathan,...

  1. Private Information Retrieval Benny Chor \\Lambda . Oded Goldreich y . Eyal Kushilevitz z . Madhu Sudan x .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldreich, Oded

    Sudan x . ABSTRACT: We describe schemes that enable a user to access k repli­ cated copies of a database

  2. Learning polynomials with queries: The highly noisy Oded Goldreich y Ronitt Rubinfeld z Madhu Sudan x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldwasser, Shafi

    Madhu Sudan x March 24, 2000 Abstract Given a function f mapping n-variate inputs from a #12;nite #12

  3. Self-Testing Polynomial Functions Efficiently and over Rational Domains Ronitt Rubinfeld Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    £Madhu Sudan Ý Abstract In this paper we give the first self-testers and checkers for polynomials over

  4. John O. Hunwick, editor. Religion and National Integration in Africa: Islam, Christianity, and Politics in the Sudan and Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dowd, Bob

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the authors who focus on Nigeria is that they do not simplyPolitics in the Sudan and Nigeria. (Chicago: NorthwesternIslam in the Sudan and Nigeria The papers were originally

  5. Extensions to the Method of Multiplicities, with applications to Kakeya Sets and Zeev Dvir Swastik Kopparty Shubhangi Saraf Madhu Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    Swastik Kopparty Shubhangi Saraf Madhu Sudan§ Abstract-- We extend the "method of multiplicities" to get on "list-decoding" starting with Sudan [Sud97] and subsequent works. Recently the method has been applied

  6. +++ CIVIL WAR IN SOUTH SUDAN CLAIMS THOUSANDS OF LIVES +++ NUMBER OF DIVORCES IN IRAN TRIPLES +++ AT LEAST 15 DEAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    +++ CIVIL WAR IN SOUTH SUDAN CLAIMS THOUSANDS OF LIVES +++ NUMBER OF DIVORCES IN IRAN TRIPLES of South Sudan, the newest member of the international community of sovereign states, shows. Researchers

  7. 6.893 Approximability of Optimization Problems October 27, 1999 Lecturer: Madhu Sudan Scribe: Ryan O'Donnell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldwasser, Shafi

    6.893 Approximability of Optimization Problems October 27, 1999 Lecture 13 Lecturer: Madhu Sudan, and Sudan. Previously we viewed our code functions f : f0; 1g m ! Z 2 as taking values in the additive group

  8. PARAMETER CHOICES AND A BETTER BOUND ON THE LIST SIZE IN THE GURUSWAMI-SUDAN ALGORITHM FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthews, Gretchen L.

    PARAMETER CHOICES AND A BETTER BOUND ON THE LIST SIZE IN THE GURUSWAMI-SUDAN ALGORITHM an algebraic geometry code CL(D, P), the Guruswami- Sudan algorithm produces a list of all codewords in CL(D, P fields to provide improved parameter choices for the Guruswami-Sudan list decoding algorithm

  9. see 2010, January 18 -21, 2010, Siegen, Germany Paper 4 On the Equivalence of Sudan-Decoding and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    see 2010, January 18 - 21, 2010, Siegen, Germany Paper 4 On the Equivalence of Sudan schemes for Reed-Solomon codes, which allow to decode beyond half the minimum distance. One is Sudan show a syndrome-based approach of it. We compare Sudan's procedure with a scheme that is based

  10. Robust local testability of tensor products of LDPC Irit Dinur 1 , Madhu Sudan 2 , and Avi Wigderson 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wigderson, Avi

    Robust local testability of tensor products of LDPC codes # Irit Dinur 1 , Madhu Sudan 2 , and Avi­Sasson and Sudan [6]): Pick a random row (or column) and check if the received word is in R (or C). Robustness and Sudan [12], who describe them as the ``combi­ natorial core of PCPs''. They constructed LTCs relying

  11. The politics of language planning in the Sudan: the case of the Naivasha language policy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdelhay, Ashraf K

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Congress Party (NCP), representing the government of the Sudan, and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) signed key peace protocols on the 26th May 2004 in the Kenyan town of Naivasha. The ...

  12. Efficient Interpolation in the Guruswami-Sudan Algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trifonov, Peter

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel algorithm is proposed for the interpolation step of the Guruswami-Sudan list decoding algorithm. The proposed method is based on the binary exponentiation algorithm, and can be considered as an extension of the Lee-O'Sullivan algorithm. The algorithm is shown to achieve both asymptotical and practical performance gain compared to the case of iterative interpolation algorithm. Further complexity reduction is achieved by integrating the proposed method with re-encoding. The key contribution of the paper, which enables the complexity reduction, is a novel randomized ideal multiplication algorithm.

  13. The epidemiology of low vision and blindness associated with trichiasis in southern Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ngondi, Jeremiah; Reacher, Mark; Matthews, Fiona E; Ole-Sempele, Francis; Onsarigo, Alice; Matende, Ibrahim; Baba, Samson; Brayne, Carol; Emerson, Paul M

    2007-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract Background We investigated vision status associated with trachomatous trichiasis (TT) and explored age-sex patterns of low vision and blindness associated with trichiasis in Mankien district of southern Sudan where trachoma prevention...

  14. Linearity Testing in Characteristic Two \\Lambda M. Bellare y D. Coppersmith z J. H astad x M. Kiwi --M. Sudan k

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiwi, Marcos

    -- M. Sudan k Abstract Let Dist(f; g) = Pr u [ f(u) 6=g(u) ] denote the relative distance between, a connection which may be of independent interest. Our results are used by Bellare, Goldreich and Sudan

  15. 2006. Proceedings of the 7th International Sudan Studies Conference April 6th 8th 2006. Bergen, Norway. CD Rom, Bergen: University of Bergen.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2006. Proceedings of the 7th International Sudan Studies Conference April 6th ­ 8th 2006. Bergen, Norway. CD Rom, Bergen: University of Bergen. THE BEJA LANGUAGE TODAY IN SUDAN: THE STATE OF THE ART in the eastern part of the Sudan by some 1,100,000 Muslim people, according to the 1998 census. It belongs

  16. Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol. 150, 1993, pp. 1065-1074, 13 figs. Printed in Northern Ireland Structure of the late Proterozoic Nakasib suture, Sudan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    in Northern Ireland Structure of the late Proterozoic Nakasib suture, Sudan M. G. ABDELSALAM & R. J. STERN-0688, USA Abstract: The Nakasib suture is a prominent structural belt in the central Red Sea Hills, Sudan Sea Hills of the Sudan (Fig. 1). It is left-laterally offset by the younger, north to NNW-trending Oko

  17. FLUXES OF CO2 IN SEMI ARID SUDAN Jonas Ard (1), Meelis Mlder (1), Bashir Awad El Tahir (2), Hatim Abdalla Mohammed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ardö, Jonas

    FLUXES OF CO2 IN SEMI ARID SUDAN Jonas Ardö (1), Meelis Mölder (1), Bashir Awad El Tahir (2), Hatim, 51111, El Obeid Sudan Jonas.ardo@nateko.lu.se Much global carbon cycle research has been focusing of these sites was recently established by us in central Sudan in the Sahel (13.3° N, 30.5° E), a region where

  18. The edited version was Published in 2005 In C. Miller (ed.) 2005, Land, ethnicity and political legitimacy in Eastern Sudan.Le Caire, Cedej,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    legitimacy in Eastern Sudan.Le Caire, Cedej, 375-424 The West African (Fallata) Communities in Gedaref State (W.A.) origin living in Gedaref State make up one of the most important W.A. communities in Sudan networks and ongoing ethnic clustering. While forming a Diaspora network throughout Sudan, they consider

  19. Phyllody of faba bean in the Sudan. I. Progress of symptom expression, host range and transmis-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Phyllody of faba bean in the Sudan. I. Progress of symptom expression, host range and transmis bean phyllody was followed in a local susceptible cultivar, Hudeiba 72, graft-inoculated from naturally and slow development of disease, sometimes partial recovery. Symptom expression in faba bean plants

  20. Microsoft Word - Sri_Lanka_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville, Ohio:Menomonee| OpenMickey HotVII, Cologne, Germany, 29 JuneNepalLanka

  1. Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol. 1150,1993, pp. 393-404, 15 figs, 2 tables Printed in Northern Ireland Tectonic evolution of the Nakasib suture, Red Sea Hills, Sudan: evidence for a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    in Northern Ireland Tectonic evolution of the Nakasib suture, Red Sea Hills, Sudan: evidence for a late Proterozoic (Pan-African) ophiolite-decorated structural belt in the central Red Sea Hills of the Sudan

  2. Evidence for Early and Mid-Cryogenian glaciation in the Northern ArabianNubian Shield (Egypt, Sudan, and western Arabia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    (Egypt, Sudan, and western Arabia) ROBERT J. STERN1*, PETER R. JOHNSON2, KAMAL A. ALI1,3 & SUMIT K over broad regions of the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt, NW Arabia and possible correlative units diamictite and BIFs of the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt and the correlative Nuwaybah diamictite and BIF

  3. Ideal forms of Coppersmith's theorem and Guruswami-Sudan list decoding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohn, Henry

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop a framework for solving polynomial equations with size constraints on solutions. We obtain our results by showing how to apply a technique of Coppersmith for finding small solutions of polynomial equations modulo integers to analogous problems over polynomial rings, number fields, and function fields. This gives us a unified view of several problems arising naturally in cryptography, coding theory, and the study of lattices. We give (1) a polynomial-time algorithm for finding small solutions of polynomial equations modulo ideals over algebraic number fields, (2) a faster variant of the Guruswami-Sudan algorithm for list decoding of Reed-Solomon codes, and (3) an algorithm for list decoding of algebraic-geometric codes that handles both single-point and multi-point codes. Coppersmith's algorithm uses lattice basis reduction to find a short vector in a carefully constructed lattice; powerful analogies from algebraic number theory allow us to identify the appropriate analogue of a lattice in each appl...

  4. Sudan Grass.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Youngblood, B.; Conner, A. B.

    1915-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .. .. .......... . . .. ............ .. ........ .. .. .... ....................... .. .. .. .... Term expires 1915 GOVERNING BOARD, STATE SUBSTATIONS P. L . DowNs, President, Temple .. ....... : .. .. .. .. CHARLES RoGAN, Vice-President, Austm .. .. .. W. A. TYNES, Cooper .... .... .. . W. P . HOBBY, Beaumont.. ...... . .Term expires 1919..., Feed Inspector S. D. PEARCE, Feed Inspector J . M. ScHAEDEL, Feed Inspector JAMES SuLLIVAN, Feed Inspector \\V. M. W ICKES, Feed Inspector SUBSTATION NO. 1: Beeville, Bee County E. E. BINFORD, B. S., Superintendent SUBSTATION NO. 2: Troup, Smith...

  5. A Link between Guruswami--Sudan's List--Decoding and Decoding of Interleaved Reed--Solomon Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeh, Alexander

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Welch--Berlekamp approach for Reed--Solomon (RS) codes forms a bridge between classical syndrome--based decoding algorithms and interpolation--based list--decoding procedures for list size l=1. It returns the univariate error--locator polynomial and the evaluation polynomial of the RS code as a y-root. In this paper, we show the connection between the Welch--Berlekamp approach for a specific Interleaved Reed--Solomon code scheme and the Guruswami--Sudan principle. It turns out that the decoding of Interleaved RS codes can be formulated as a modified Guruswami--Sudan problem with a specific multiplicity assignment. We show that our new approach results in the same solution space as the Welch--Berlekamp scheme. Furthermore, we prove some important properties.

  6. Optimal Threshold-Based Multi-Trial Error/Erasure Decoding with the Guruswami-Sudan Algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Senger, Christian; Bossert, Martin; Zyablov, Victor V

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditionally, multi-trial error/erasure decoding of Reed-Solomon (RS) codes is based on Bounded Minimum Distance (BMD) decoders with an erasure option. Such decoders have error/erasure tradeoff factor L=2, which means that an error is twice as expensive as an erasure in terms of the code's minimum distance. The Guruswami-Sudan (GS) list decoder can be considered as state of the art in algebraic decoding of RS codes. Besides an erasure option, it allows to adjust L to values in the range 1=1 times. We show that BMD decoders with z_BMD decoding trials can result in lower residual codeword error probability than GS decoders with z_GS trials, if z_BMD is only slightly larger than z_GS. This is of practical interest since BMD decoders generally have lower computational complexity than GS decoders.

  7. The UNIVERSITY of NORTH CAROLINA at CHARLOTTE An Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howitt, Ivan

    , Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, Sudan, Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Libya, Vietnam, Somalia, and Sri Lanka. Please contact

  8. International workshop: Planning for climate change through integrated coastal management. Volume 2: Country and regional reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This workshop included reports from the following countries: Argentina; Bulgaria; Egypt; Estonia; Fiji; Indonesia; Mozambique; Nigeria; Oman; The Philippines; Senegal; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Thailand; and Tuvalu; Regional reports were included on the following: Small Island Developing States of the Pacific; South Pacific Regional Environment Program; and Sea Level Rise Impacts on Central America.

  9. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  10. A New Colonial Anelosimus Spider From Suriname (Araneae: Theridiidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Herbert W.; Smith, Deborah R.

    1982-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    by the editor September 14, 1982. 275 276 Psyche [Vol. 89 Anterior median eyes their diameter apart, 0.3 diameters from later- als. Posterior median eyes slightly more than their diameter apart, their diameter from laterals. Total length, 3.2 mm. Carapace, 1....3 mm long, 0.9 mm wide. First femur, 1.7 mm; patella and tibia, 1.7 mm; metatarsus, 1.3 mm; tarsus, 0.8 mm. Second patella and tibia, 1.4 mm; third, 1.1 mm; fourth, 1.5 mm. Male. Carapace, sternum orange. Legs yellow-white. Abdomen orange to black. Eyes...

  11. Suriname-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar Jump to:Holdings Co Ltd Place:Mclaren, 2010) |

  12. Suriname-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern ILSunseeker Energy Holding AGSurana Telecom and

  13. Sundaya Lanka Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar Jump to: navigation,SunElectra JumpSundance Power LLC Jump

  14. Sri Lanka: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎SolarCity CorpSpringfield, Tennessee: EnergySquawTransportSri

  15. Sudan-IAEA Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL ElecStrategicStories Home Energy Data

  16. Discothyrea soesilae sp. nov. from Suriname (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) by Dr Dewanand Makhan*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villemant, Claire

    horni Menozzi, 1927 (Panamá), Discothyrea isthmica Weber, 1940 (Bolivia), Discothyrea sexarticulata Borgmeier, 1954 (Bolivia), Discothyrea denticulata Weber, 1939 (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Guiana

  17. Mapping the Potential Risk of Mycetoma Infection in Sudan and South Sudan Using Ecological Niche Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samy, Abdallah Mohammed; van de Sande, Wendy W. J.; Fahal, Ahmed Hassan; Peterson, A. Townsend

    2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2013, the World Health Organization (WHO) recognized mycetoma as one of the neglected tropical conditions due to the efforts of the mycetoma consortium. This same consortium formulated knowledge gaps that require further ...

  18. Energy Efficiency Building Code for Commercial Buildings in Sri Lanka

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busch, John; Greenberg, Steve; Rubinstein, Francis; Denver, Andrea; Rawner, Esther; Franconi, Ellen; Huang, Joe; Neils, Danielle

    2000-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    1.1.1 To encourage energy efficient design or retrofit of commercial buildings so that they may be constructed, operated, and maintained in a manner that reduces the use of energy without constraining the building function, the comfort, health, or the productivity of the occupants and with appropriate regard for economic considerations. 1.1.2 To provide criterion and minimum standards for energy efficiency in the design or retrofit of commercial buildings and provide methods for determining compliance with them. 1.1.3 To encourage energy efficient designs that exceed these criterion and minimum standards.

  19. Sri Lanka Credit to Connect | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk,Southeast ColoradoOhio:Maine: EnergyUtah:RayalseemaGomathyConnect

  20. Apollo Solar Lanka Limited ASLL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcatAntrim County, Michigan: EnergySalient of NormalFujianInc

  1. Statewise Correlates of Civil Nuclear Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kafle, Nischal

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Korea 34.6 Greece 0.0 Spain 19.5 Guatemala 0.0 Sri Lanka 0.0 Hong Kong 0.0 Sudan 0.0 Hungary 43.3 Sweden 39.6 India 3.7 Switzerland 40.9 Indonesia 0.0 Syria 0.0 Iran 0.0 Taiwan 19.02 Iraq 0.0 Tanzania 0.0 Ireland 0.0 Thailand 0.0 Israel 0.0 Tunisia 0...

  2. Energy planning in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, P.M.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book provides discussion of analytical methods for energy-sector planning in developing countries. The author addresses such topics as energy balances, the Reference Energy System (RES), approaches to demand forecasting, project evaluation (including capital budgeting), techniques for dealing with uncertainty, financial accounting as applied to the typical parastatal electric utility of a developing country, techniques for pricing studies, scenario analysis, and approaches to the evaluation of macroeconomic impacts of energy-sector decisions. Extensive use is made of case-study material, including examples from Haiti, Tunisia, the Sudan, Jordan, Mauritius, Thailand, Sri Lanka, and Liberia.

  3. Sudan-National Adaptation Programme of Action | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar Jump to: navigation, search NameFlorida:SuSucral

  4. TODAY: Society and Culture Race and Ethnicity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    ;Race & Ethnicity · Colonial legacy of population holocaust, slavery, and miscegenation => complex map ---- imported withimported with indentured labor to Suriname, Guiana,indentured labor to Suriname, Guiana

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - airstrips Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: ; Suriname: Nick- erie, Sipaliwini Airstrip, TK 10143 S. Saecopteryx bilineata.--Suriname; Marowijne, Perica Source: Hood, Craig - Department of Biological Sciences,...

  6. The Big Trees Were Kings: Challenges for Global Response to Climate Change and Tropical Forests Loss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irland, Lloyd C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    POPULATION PRESSURES ON FOREST 2008 Rank United States France Malaysia Brazil Guyana Mexico Suriname

  7. School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment Postgraduate International Scholarship Opportunities 2014 / 15

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    , Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guyana, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina

  8. School of Art & Design Postgraduate International Scholarship Opportunities 2014 / 15

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    , Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guyana, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina

  9. Movin' on up : mainstreaming under-serviced urban communities in Colombo, Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wickrema, Marinne Dhakshike

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis offers an early look at a radical shift in Sri Lankan urban housing policy regarding slums in the capital city of Colombo. During the 1980s, the Sri Lankan government achieved widespread urban improvements by ...

  10. Impacts of the 2004 tsunami on groundwater resources in Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clement, Prabhakar

    ecosystem will be severely modified with urbanization. Certain basic controls, installed at the time

  11. The energy sector in Sri Lanka is currently a hotbed of activity and change. A reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    people have access to grid-based electricity, and the average electrification rate in rural areas needs of the off- grid rural population will be met. There is a World Bank/GEF funded program in place, 2002). As things stand, the means and mechanisms for extending power ser- vices to rural areas has yet

  12. Colloques Nouvelles approches en risques ctiers COASTAL RISKS IN SRI LANKA GIS, SCENARIO AND MODELLING APPROACHES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    .SEDAN1 , N. LENOTRE1 , Nishantha ATTANAYAKE2 , Udaya DE SILVA2 , Starin FERNANDO2 , Bernard PRAME2 , C

  13. Modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries : a case study of Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blitzer, Charles R.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is addressed at modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries, those with populations less than 20 million or so and where neither the industrial or energy sectors are dominant. The overall ...

  14. Sri Lanka-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk,Southeast ColoradoOhio:Maine:

  15. Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities:

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎SolarCity CorpSpringfield, Tennessee: EnergySquawTransport

  16. File:Sri Lanka Wind Resource Map.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump to:ar-80m.pdf Jump to:Original RuleSection106examplereport.pdfSolar

  17. G-AND C-BANDING CHROMOSOMAL STUDIES OF BATS OF THE FAMILY EMBALLONURIDAE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hood, Craig

    AND METHODS Specimens were collected from natural populations. In vivo bone marrow (Baker et al., 1982; Lee; Suriname: Nick- erie, Sipaliwini Airstrip, TK 10143 S. Saecopteryx bilineata.--Suriname; Marowijne, Perica

  18. Foreign Fishery Developments u.s. Tuna Imports From

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .3 306.6 1.083.2 494.6 277.9 Suriname Suriname Uruguay 2.654.2 710.8 1,602.9 1.639.1 1.058.9 Uruguay 4

  19. Predictive factors of HTLV1-HIV coinfections in French Guiana Elise Gouhier*, Emilie Gaubert-Marchal#

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    for this potentially serious coinfection. Introduction Located in South America between Brazil and Suriname, French populations, coinfected and

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - alouatta guariba clamitans Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    TO THE AUDIO BROADCASTS OF PREDATOR VOCALIZATIONS BY EIGHT SYMPATRIC PRIMATES IN SURINAME, SOUTH AMERICA Summary: subjects......

  1. Neotropical Primates 11(2), August 200394 Machado, A. B. M., Fonseca, G. A. B. da, Machado, R. B.,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norconk, Marilyn A.

    for the educational opportunity it provides to the citizens of Suriname, most especially in the highly populous. Geog. 1: 3-38. PRIMATES OF BROWNSBERG NATUURPARK, SURINAME, WITH PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO THE PITHECIINS Dijn Introduction Brownsberg Natuurpark (5°01'N, 55°34'W) is Suriname's only wildlife park that is open

  2. FACULTYHIGHEST POPULATION OF INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS AT TU DELFT IN 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuzmanov, Georgi

    POPULATION OF INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS AT TU DELFT IN 2013 INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS PER FACULTY COUNTRIES 95 4. SURINAME 88 5. GERMANY 70 2. CHINA 225 3. INDONESIA 85 4. GERMANY 75 4. SURINAME 75 2. CHINA 308 GERMANY 218 ITALY 134 IRAN 89 SURINAM 83 ROMANIA 80 SPAIN 75 #12;

  3. Croissance dmographique, pression foncire et insertion territoriale par les abattis en Guyane franaise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    (Suriname, Brésil, Haïti, etc.). L'augmentation continue de la population entraîne une pression foncière et neighbours (Surinam, Brazil, Haiti, etc). The continuous increase of population involves land pressure since populations coming notably from Surinam are using shifting cultivation called locally "abattis" to have

  4. Solving Slavery in Sudan: Solving a Social Problem Through Nation Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krueger, Brandon

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    diversify their economy through foreign investment and international trade based on improving labor standards for export quotas, which will reduce slave markets through moral spillover from industry leaders who were forced to improve labor standards to stay...

  5. Retreat of the state and the market: liberalisation and education expansion in Sudan under the NCP 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mann, Laura Elizabeth

    2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is an analysis of two concurrent processes - the liberalisation of the economy and the expansion of the tertiary education system - by the National Islamic Front (NIF)/National Congress Party (NCP) in Khartoum, ...

  6. DOE's General Counsel Determines Sudan Act Does Not Bar Areva Enrichment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"WaveInteractionsMaterialsDevelop Low-carbonDOE'sServices LLC Loan

  7. Sudan-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL ElecStrategicStories Home Energy DataEnergy

  8. Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 400m resolution...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    maps of Sri Lanka (Purpose):HTMLREMOVEDHTMLREMOVEDTo provide information on the wind resource potential within Sri Lanka, with supplemental information on political...

  9. Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 400m...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    density for Sri Lanka (Purpose):HTMLREMOVEDHTMLREMOVEDTo provide information on the wind resource potential within Sri Lanka and selected offshore areas (Supplemental...

  10. Relationships between characteristics of contact farmers and follower farmers in the training and visit system of agricultural extension: Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayatilaka, Malwattage Wijaya A. P.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , similar others are considered to prov1de more accurate information than d1ssimilar others (Festinger, 1955; Mettee and Smith, 1977). In addi- tion, d1ssimilar others are sa1d to dislike and reject each other more 20 than similar others (Aronson.... The exchanged rewards could be mater1al resources, advice, esteem, compliance, etc. (Turner, 1978). Foa and Foa (1980) consider- ing all resources transacted in interpersonal situations, grouped re- sources to six classes - labeled love, status, information...

  11. Secondary state formation during the early iron age on the island of Sri Lanka : the evolution of a periphery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karunaratne, Priyantha Padmalal

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for concentration on the mineral extraction by the initialresources or raw mineral extraction. Nevertheless, cattlethat control of mineral resource extraction and trade played

  12. Relationships between characteristics of contact farmers and follower farmers in the training and visit system of agricultural extension: Sri Lanka 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayatilaka, Malwattage Wijaya A. P.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , similar others are considered to prov1de more accurate information than d1ssimilar others (Festinger, 1955; Mettee and Smith, 1977). In addi- tion, d1ssimilar others are sa1d to dislike and reject each other more 20 than similar others (Aronson.... The exchanged rewards could be mater1al resources, advice, esteem, compliance, etc. (Turner, 1978). Foa and Foa (1980) consider- ing all resources transacted in interpersonal situations, grouped re- sources to six classes - labeled love, status, information...

  13. Middle East & North Africa

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    West Bank and Gaza notes & data Yemen brief | data North Africa Algeria brief | data Egypt brief | data Libya brief | data Morocco notes & data Sudan and South Sudan brief |...

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - alouatta palliata primates Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    TO THE AUDIO BROADCASTS OF PREDATOR VOCALIZATIONS BY EIGHT SYMPATRIC PRIMATES IN SURINAME, SOUTH AMERICA Summary: predation by ocelots in Brazil, where primate matter...

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - arend marina aunapuu Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a multi-layered explanation for the development of the TMA system in the Creoles of Suriname* Summary: -layered process (Arends 1993, Bruyn 1995), involving processes of...

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - aragua state venezuela Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Grosso State in Brazil (Fig. 3; Cabrera 1957; Eisenberg and Redford 1999; Jones... , in Suriname, Peru, and Venezuela (Guerrero 1996; Wenzel 1976). BEHAVIOR. In French Guiana,...

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - adjacent countries species Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: listed over a dozen Pyramica species, and even more of Strumigenys, from Suriname and its adjacent... ) and all other countries that surround it. Recently, this...

  18. E-Print Network 3.0 - apella monkey scanning Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    TO THE AUDIO BROADCASTS OF PREDATOR VOCALIZATIONS BY EIGHT SYMPATRIC PRIMATES IN SURINAME, SOUTH AMERICA Summary: . apella at BNP and Hiram College......

  19. E-Print Network 3.0 - anopheles darlingi colectados Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PIA MALANEY, SONIA EHRLICH SACHS, Summary: , 1984. Anopheles darlingi Root in the Suriname rain forest. Bull Entomol Res 74: 129-142. 35. Laubach HE... and behaviour of...

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - anopheles darlingi criado Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bull Entomol Res 74: 129-142. 35. Laubach HE... and behaviour of anophelines in the Suriname rainforest with special refer- ence to Anopheles darlingi Root. Cah... . This...

  1. acute lyme infection: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    First case of Echinococcus vogeli infection imported to CiteSeer Summary: from Suriname underwent hemihepatectomy because of a cystic liver mass, assumed to be a...

  2. E-Print Network 3.0 - anopheles darlingi diptera Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PIA MALANEY, SONIA EHRLICH SACHS, Summary: , 1984. Anopheles darlingi Root in the Suriname rain forest. Bull Entomol Res 74: 129-142. 35. Laubach HE... . Environmen- tal...

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - anopheles darlingi collected Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PIA MALANEY, SONIA EHRLICH SACHS, Summary: , 1984. Anopheles darlingi Root in the Suriname rain forest. Bull Entomol Res 74: 129-142. 35. Laubach HE... and behaviour of...

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - aunapuu andres arend Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a multi-layered explanation for the development of the TMA system in the Creoles of Suriname* Summary: -layered process (Arends 1993, Bruyn 1995), involving processes of...

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - anopheles darlingi root Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in Anopheles darlingi Root. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 1996, 91... of Anophelines in the Suriname rainforest with special reference to Anopheles darlingi Root. Cahiers de l......

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - anopheles darlingi bionomics Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bull Entomol Res 74: 129-142. 35. Laubach HE... and behaviour of anophelines in the Suriname rainforest with special refer- ence to Anopheles darlingi Root. Cah... , Viyanant...

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - amazonas state venezuela Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: Fig. 6).--VENEZUELA: Amazonas, BuenaVista, RioCasiquiare (Sanborn, 1937). SURINAME: Para, Zanderij... . Marginal localities of record (South America only, see Fig....

  8. at-risk mental state: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    into the concept of mental well being among the working class Afro-Surinamese population in Paramaribo, Suriname. More specifically, the research investigated how...

  9. Jan 28 Primary Productivity: Controls, Patterns, Consequences Yucatan, Mexico, Dry Subtropical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Andrew J.

    coming around to better integrate energy flow into thinking on population and community ecology History Central Surinam Reserve, Wet Tropical Grand Teton NP, Wyoming, Temperate Coniferous #12;Primary

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - australis caviidae rodentia Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ; El Talpoon LCC 1627 AF520692 Outgroup taxa Superfamily Cavioidea Caviidae Cavia aperea Suriname... Habitatb Elevationc Moistured Caviidae Cavia apera Scansorial Scrub, grassland...

  11. satsentinel.org 22 APRIL 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Xiaole Shirley

    the [soldiers] from South Sudan they are inside Heglig city, and the oilfield, they conquered the Sudanese army://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/ apr/15/south-sudan-accuses-sudan-bombing-oilfield" 5. "South Sudan to pull out of border oil town by DigitalGlobe. #12;7 february 2012 | fig. 1a Overall: Collection Manifold and Pipeline, Heglig Oilfield

  12. April 20, 2005 --Lecture 35 Computer Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Douglas W.

    , Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Serbia, Sudan, Syria, and Taleban controlled areas of Afghanistan #12

  13. POSTER PRESENTATION Open Access Highlighting the genetic and epidemiologic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    and Tobago, Guyana, and Suriname where there is a large population of East Indians brought during with many countries exceeding the WHO target of 5 cases / 100,000 populations. As a developing nation, many and the Grena- dines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Cai- cos. Analysis of "de-identified" patient

  14. The Arawak / Lokono word for man Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    /L are spoken in the lowlands of the Guianas, especially in Suriname, but also in French Guiana. Historical in Suriname1 . The Arawaks are an Amazonian people who lived in the coastal area of Guianas. Great travellers with the Europeans and the black populations brought by the white colonizers. These contacts are well documented

  15. Mitogenomic sequences better resolve stock structure of southern Greater Caribbean green turtle rookeries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    confounds assessment of the scale of natal homing and population structure among regional rookeries. We, Venezuela; Galibi, Suriname; and Tortuguero, Costa Rica. Five single- nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were differentiation supports demographic indepen- dence of Aves Island and Suriname, emphasizing the need to recognize

  16. BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Winter Distribution and Migration Routes of Breeding Populations Author(s): Cheri Gratto-Trevor, R. I Connectivity of Semipalmated Sandpipers: Winter Distribution and Migration Routes of Breeding Populations CHERI4L 1G6, Canada 6 Suriname Forest Service, P.O. Box 436, Paramaribo, Suriname 7 Current Address

  17. Site fidelity, home range behaviour and habitat utilization of male harlequin toads (Amphibia:Atelopus hoogmoedi)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hödl, Walter

    :Atelopus hoogmoedi) from Suriname:relevant aspects for conservation breeding SALAMANDRA 1 45 Abstract. Recently, neotropical harlequin toads (Atelopus spp.) have undergone drastic population de- clines. Captive breeding has rainy season (April to August) at Brownsberg Nature Park, Suriname. Dur- ing this period, males

  18. REVIEW Open Access Land cover, land use and malaria in the Amazon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, France (French Guiana), Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela. The subregion covers some 7,200,000 sq km (Figure 1) and is populated by about 30 million people. The provision in the Americas [3]. The three Guyanas (Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana) have the highest annual parasite index

  19. Migge & Lglise, (2011), "On the emergence of new language varieties: The case of the Eastern Maroon Creole in French Guiana", in Hinrichs L. & Farquharson J. (eds), Variation in the Caribbean: From Creole Continua to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    this assumption by investigating the synchronic development of the creoles of Suriname in French Guiana. We show as in the case of non-creole languages. Keywords: Language contact, Creoles of Suriname, creole continuum isolation of part of the population in geographically relatively inaccessible locations such as mountainous

  20. Chelonian COI/servatioll and Biolng)', 1996, 2(2):204--208 1996 by Chelonian Research Foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Girondot, Marc

    turtle; nesting; status; population; conservation; migration; French Guiana Four species of marine on the estuary of the Mana and Maroni Rivers on the border to Surinam, between two Amerindian villages, Awa. The same observation has also been made in Surinam (H. Reichart, pers. comm.). The time of arrival

  1. ARAWAK VS. LOKONO. WHAT'S IN A NAME ? Denomination of one of the largest and geographically most extensive family of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of the Columbian era to a specific Amerindian group living in the Guianese coastal area in Guyana, Suriname, French, where they are the most important Amerindian group, the global Arawak population is estimated 15,000; in Suriname, the 1980 census gives the figures of 700 speakers out of 2,051 individuals; in the French

  2. Loanwords in Kali'na, a Cariban language of French Guyana Odile Renault-Lescure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    distributed in these countries. 11.141 live in Venezuela, 3000 in Guyana (Forte 2000), 3000 in Suriname (Boven extremely from one place to another in the same country (30% loss in Venezuela, 80% in Guyana, 50 Guiana, as Carib in Suriname and as Kari'ña in Venezuela, belongs to the Cariban language family

  3. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; World Bank

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China,solar home systems procurement procedures used in World Bank and GEF-assisted Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, China and

  4. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) - Organizations ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    50 m wind power density (Wm2) maps of Sri Lanka (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within Sri Lanka, with... ZIP Wind: wind power density maps at 50m...

  5. Brussels, 29 April 2005 EU-JAPAN Summit -2 May 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Western Balkans, Afghanistan, Iraq and Sri Lanka, and hopes to strengthen political co-operation further

  6. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Zimbabwe-Sri Lanka, Croatia- Iran, Thailand Kazakhstan,Zimbabwe-Kazakhstan,Croatia-Kazakhstan. Sweden also participated and concluded a

  7. Paintball Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Korea Libya Niger Peru Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine UAE United

  8. Margaret Kowalski Economics and Chinese Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews, Peter B.

    of Chinese "Checkbook Diplomacy" on Oil Production in Angola, Nigeria, and Sudan China's economic boom and incredible increase in energy consumption have recently the market in Angola, Nigeria, and Sudan. Many Western companies are concerned

  9. I. Date of Initiation/Revision: October 2004, July 2010, March 2011, June 6, 2011, August 30, 2011, April II. Policy Classification: Office of Treasury

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portman, Douglas

    . Items CANNOT be accepted from Cuba, North Korea, Libya, Iraq, Iran, Myanmar, Sudan and former Yugoslavia in these countries in US dollars. Items CANNOT be accepted from Cuba, North Korea, Libya, Iraq, Iran, Myanmar, Sudan

  10. .',~'.",'. .& ;yf? :, $ .: , -, : : g.. .:.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    , Bosnia, Darfur, and,Sudan. As an artist, Ly stron ly kbelieves that art can p ay an important role

  11. Institutionalizing Unsustainability: The Paradox of Global Climate Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Hayley

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy sup- plies and developing relations with numerous fossil fuel exporting coun- tries, including Venezuela, Nigeria, Sudan, Angola, Syria, Egypt,

  12. REVIEW OF THE TONATIA BIDENS COMPLEX (MAMMALIA: CHIROPTERA), WITH DESCRIPTIONS OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willig, Michael

    recognition of two subspecies representing extant mainland populations. Key words: bats, Tonatia bidens Tonatia sil- Tonatia from Suriname were not useful for vicola and Tonatia evotis by its smaller Tonatia

  13. COMMON TREES ON THE FIU CAMPUS AND IN MIAMI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koptur, Suzanne

    , but are not woody. Other plants may grow as shrubs or as low trees, as the Surinam cherry (left out of this key published the name, and can ultimately be traced back to the publication and the population of plants

  14. Coexistence International Mailstop 086

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraden, Seth

    waves of immigration from East India, South Africa, the Antilles, and Suriname that nowadays make up 10% of the total population (around 1.7 million non- Dutch citizens). The largest ethnic groups are currently

  15. Marine Turtle Newsletter No. 134, 2012 -Page 21 Natal homing by an adult male green turtle at Tortuguero, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    in leatherback and green sea turtles in Suriname. Biological Conservation 34: 251-272. WYNEKEN, J.,T.J. BURKE, M 22: 88-96. Despite a proliferation of genetic studies characterizing patterns of population structure

  16. University Health Center Name The University of Georgia UGA ID # 81

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissinger, Jessica

    incidence rates of > 20 cases per 100,000 population. University Health Center review Date Page 2 Republic Republic of Korea Nigeria Suriname Armenia Ecuador Kuwait Niue Swaziland Azerbaijan Egypt

  17. Integrated Dam Assessment Models Towards Sustainability of Dams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    populations past (1900) ~300,000 present (2005) ~50,000 Steelhead populations past (1900) ~200,000 present Bolivia--Brazil-- Colombia-- Ecuador-- Guyana--Peru-- Suriname-- Venezuela 6 Treaty for Amazonian

  18. Encyclia chloroleuca (Orchidaceae: Laeliinae) reported for Panama Katia Silvera1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    , Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Suriname. It is also present in Mexico, Belize, and Nicaragua (G. Carnevali alt. CONSERVATION STATUS. Encyclia chloroleuca has a wide distribution but populations are limited

  19. Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and established risk factors among populations of sub-Saharan African descent in Europe: a literature review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agyemang, Charles; Addo, Juliet; Bhopal, Raj; de-Graft Aikins, Ama; Stronks, Karien

    2009-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    . Dutch African-Suriname men and women are less physically active than the White-Dutch whereas British African women are more physically active than women in the general population. Literature on psychosocial stress shows inconsistent results. Conclusion...

  20. Pteronotus personatus (Chiroptera: Mormoopidae) J. ANTONIO DE LA TORRE AND RODRIGO A. MEDELLIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayssen, Virginia

    northern Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana and through northwestern Colombia, and in a band a species of ``Least Concern,'' but the status of many populations is uncertain. DOI: 10.1644/869.1. Key

  1. Reemergence of Dengue Virus Type

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    years, the increase in the worldwide transportation network, as well as uncontrolled population growth of the French West Indies in northern South America between Suriname and Brazil. DENV is endemic in French

  2. 1294 Emerging Infectious Diseases www.cdc.gov/eid Vol. 12, No. 8, August 2006 5. Morishima Y, Tsukada H, Nonaka N, Oku

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of the South America between Brazil and Suriname. Ninety percent of its sur- face is tropical rain forest% of the population. People live mainly in individual hous- es and small buildings. Many houses are built near forests

  3. Humus components and biogenic structures under tropical slash-and-1 burn agriculture2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and administration. In Maripasoula42 (population 1200), a settlement along the Maroni river (bordering French43 Guiana and Suriname) of mostly Aluku people (of African lineage), the duration44 of fallow in the slash

  4. Testing Dispersal Hypotheses in Foraging Green Sea Turtles (Chelonia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeSalle, Rob

    , population size, geographic distance, natal homing, and ocean currents are hypothesized to affect dispersal, whereas microsatellites uncover similarities to some of the geographically closest populations. Ubatuba and Almofala are mixed stocks, drawn primarily from Ascension, with lesser contributions from Surinam

  5. THE REPRODUCTIVE BIOWGY OF TILEFISH, WPHOLATILUS CHAMAELEONTICEPS GOODE AND BEAN, FROM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sperm). The rapidly expanding fishery from 1978 to 1982, which reduced population density by one south to Surinam (Dooley 1978; Markle et al. 1980). Within the Mid-Atlantic Bight (continental shelf

  6. Negotiating Social Identities on an Eastern Maroon Radio Show Bettina Migge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Creoles of Suriname, Identities, Changing discourse practices 1. Introduction In most post.: +35 317168477, fax: +35 317 161 117 E-mail address: bettinamigge@ucd.ie #12;2 population are not able

  7. The Ecohydrology of South American Rivers and Wetlands. IAHS Special Publication no. 6, 2002. 193 THE APPLICATION OF ECOHYDROLOGICAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClain, Michael

    . Suriname is reported to have the lowest percentage of rural inhabitants with access to improved drinking reflected in population growth, illiteracy, unacceptable infant mortality rates, and high external debt

  8. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 86(4), 2012, pp. 591597 doi:10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0582

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to Brazil. The Maroni and Oyapock rivers constitute natural French Guianan borders with Surinam to the West more than 90% of the terri- tory. The French Guianian population of 200,000 inhabitants lives mainly

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting northeastern brazil Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Guy- ana, known as the Guianas-Brazil... of northeastern Brazil, French Guiana, Suriname and Guyana (1975-77). In A. C. Jones and L. Villegas (Editors... working group...

  10. Informativo Ano 1 n 02 Agosto/2013 Lanamento da pedra fundamental da sede da OTCA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Suriname, Venezuela e Guiana). O evento reuniu autoridades do governo, de organizações internacionais resultados da cooperação realizada com o Japão. A JICA é um órgão do Governo Japonês responsável pela

  11. EMERGY SYNTHESIS 4: Theory and Applications of the Emergy Methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    Ulgiati University of Siena Siena, Italy December 2007 The Center for Environmental Policy Department-being as measured by HDI. Countries with high ETWI include Iceland, Argentina, and Suriname. The results

  12. Version pre-print Paru dans Traces 2005 n47 / Dinmica lingustica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    pour les créoles anglais du Surinam et de Guyane française, que les grands modèles théoriques homogènes linguística 2 l'heure actuelle (comme c'est le cas pour les créoles du Surinam), n'est pas pour autant le speakers of the lexifier. The Creoles developed during a period when the populations were also racially

  13. RPARTITION GOGRAPHIQUE En Guyane dans la rgion ctire, commune

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    amérindiennes à être parlée sur le territoire de cinq �tats différents : Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Guyane française et Brésil1 . NOMBRE DE LOCUTEURS En Guyane la population kali'na peut être estimée à 4000 % de locuteurs; et 3000 au Suriname, dont 50% de locuteurs (J. Forte, 2000). Une trentaine de locuteurs

  14. antigua and barbuda: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda British Antarctic Territory Steiner, Ullrich 3 Angola Croatia Iceland Nepal Sri Lanka Antigua & Barbuda Cuba India Netherlands St. Kitts & Nevis...

  15. angola iran nigeria: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and the Question of Street Politics Illinois at Chicago, University of 12 Angola Croatia Iceland Nepal Sri Lanka Antigua & Barbuda Cuba India Netherlands St. Kitts & Nevis...

  16. The political economy of labor market liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choung, Jinhee Lee

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lanka Mozambique Peru Kazakhstan Korea Georgia SwitzerlandThailand (2004), and Kazakhstan In addition to globalizationVietnam Taiwan Mozambique Kazakhstan Ukraine Georgia Korea

  17. Asian Development Bank Technical Assistance Report on Building...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of the Sustainable Energy Authority in Sri Lanka Jump to: navigation, search Name Asian Development Bank Technical Assistance Report on Building the Capacity of the Sustainable...

  18. EXHIBIT B

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Macao, Moldova, Mongolia, Myanmar (Burma), North Korea, Peoples' Republic of China, Romania, Russia, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Vietnam)....

  19. Stumbling Toward Capitalism: The State, Global Production Networks, and the Unexpected Emergence of China's Independent Auto Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Crystal Whai-ku

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brazil, Ecuador, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan,shares are concentrated in Kazakhstan, Sudan, Venezuela, andIraq, Kuwait, Libya and Kazakhstan (Jiang and Sinton 2011:

  20. Message from the UCC 2011 General Co-Chairs We are pleased to welcome you to the 4th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Utility and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    , Sudan, Sweden, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, and Vietnam. After peer leading researchers from Australia, Europe, and United States. The three invited speakers are: Professor

  1. Generation and transport of a low energy intense ion beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and J. K. Walters Tri Alpha Energy Inc. , Foothill Ranch,supported by UCI and Tri Alpha Energy, Inc. R. N. Sudan and

  2. Comparative analysis of sesame varieties from diverse climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nwe, Tin

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -LP-3-4 Pa lorna Eva U. S. A. U. S. A. U. S. A. U. S. A. U. S. A. Yambio Bakibo Bura Jar Sudan Sudan Sudan Sudan 12 2. Days to first flowering - They were calculated by observing the number of days from planting to the first bloom. 3..., SW-16, and SB-9-LP-3-4, produced the heaviest seed while the varieties, Jar and Kyemachaung produced the lightest. Judian, Nedawletthe, Pope Pye, Yegyaw, Gwataya, UCR-3-RA-12, Paloma, Eva, Yambio, Bakibo, and Bura, produced seed that were medium...

  3. Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  4. Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  5. aphis fabae scopoli: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    adrcss : Faculty of Agric. Sci.. Univ. Gezira, Wad Medani, Sudan. is mainly in the Northern region (latitude 16 N), although further southward expansion Paris-Sud XI,...

  6. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 577586, 2008 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/8/577/2008/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 577­586, 2008 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/8 Hazards and Earth System Sciences Integrated approach for coastal hazards and risks in Sri Lanka M. Garcin the importance of knowledge and the taking into account of coastal hazards. Sri Lanka was one of the countries

  7. Developing country FDI and development: the case of the Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    's early investment in the Sudan by the Chinese National Oil Corporation (CNPC) and the consequent cascade * This paper examines the development implications of Chinese investment in the Sudan to enable a better understanding of the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) from developing countries. By examining China

  8. Africa Aerosol Optical Depth Obtained From MISR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    OpticalDepth Central African Republic Chad Djibouti Egypt Ethiopia Libya Kenya Somalia Sudan Uganda #12;Southern Africa Ethiopia Libya Kenya Somalia Sudan Uganda #12;Southern Africa 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 Mean Seasonal

  9. Volume 3 Issue 9 1000181 Open AccessShort Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -eastern part of the South American continent with a population of 224 469 inhabitants in 2009 river traces the border between French Guiana and Suriname over a distance of 520 km cutting through and goods transportation. The population living in the villages on the French side of the Maroni River

  10. 1228 CROP SCIENCE, VOL. 39, JULYAUGUST 1999 Marshall, D.R., and R.W. Allard. 1970. Isozyme polymorphism in ers and isozymes in lentil. Ph.D. Diss. Univ. of Saskatchewan,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gepts, Paul

    polymorphism in ers and isozymes in lentil. Ph.D. Diss. Univ. of Saskatchewan, natural populations of Avena.) Verdc.] is an impor- naeus (1763) described it from a plant from Surinam.tant crop in many countries population structure and (Brouk, 1975). the partitioning of genetic diversity between domesticated and wild

  11. STATUS OF THE TILEFISH, WPHOLATILUS CHAMAELEONTICEPS, FISHERY OFF SOUTH CAROLINA AND GEORGIA AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and assumed natural mortality (M) rates of 0.10-0.25, we estimated that adult population density prior of virgin population density (883-1,710 per km~ when research CPUE data were used. Sustained yield estimates coast to Campeche Bank, and off South America from Venezuela to Surinam (Freeman and Turner 1977

  12. NOTES AND NEWS 537 FIRST RECORD OF SESARMA RECTUM RANDALL (BRACHYURA,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    for females from Surinam. In Brazil (state of S~ao Paulo), the smallest ovigerous female reached 18.8 mm cw the populations. The nding of Sesarma rectum in Grenada represents an important range ex- tension for this species) and could explain a partial isolation of the Grenadian population of S. rectum from the South American

  13. Extreme polymorphism in a Y-linked sexually selected trait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -chromosome. Field surveys from 1999 to 2002 of nine populations in Guyana and Suriname, South America, indicate of the most complex polymorphisms known to occur within populations, whereas females are monomorphic. We de are overriding female preferences in these populations. Furthermore, Y-linkage of the colour polymorphism in P

  14. Are All Dutch Racists? A Country's Struggle with a Black-Face Tradition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennehy, John

    of whites in blackface on the black population in the Netherlands, mostly consisting of the postcolonial migrants from Surinam? This huge difference in reaction to the images of "Black Pete" between persons of a population of 16 million inhabitants). In the United States, the question is not so much whether a practice

  15. Migration, health, and care in French overseas territories. France was recently reprimanded by a UN human rights body1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    by security and nancial concerns. Located in the Comoros Archipelago, this French island, with a population population.2 Since 2005, so as not to create an open invitation for illegal immigration, these people have in French Guiana,4 bordering Brazil and Surinam and, like Mayotte, a destination of signi cant migratory

  16. mrillon stress: a phonetic and phonological study1 Matthew Gordon* and Franoise Rose**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    by approximately 400 people in French Guiana. The �mérillon speaking population is divided between two areas manuscript, published in "Anthropological Linguistics 48, 2 (2006) 125-143" #12;2 Surinam French Guiana and geographic neighbor to the �mérillon speaking population in southeastern French Guiana (see section 7

  17. Marges linguistiques -Numro 10, Novembre 2005 -M.L.M.S. diteur http://www.marges-linguistiques.com -13250 Saint-Chamas (France)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    commun guyanais découpe en effet la population présente sur le département en différents groupes aux Marrons, descendants d'esclaves ayant fui les plantations du Surinam voisin au XVIIIe siècle, perçus

  18. DELINEATION OF TILEFISH, LOPHOLATILUS CHAMAELEONTICEPS, STOCKS ALONG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . It was suggested that Mid- Atlantic Bight populations be treated as a separate stock and, as a working hypothesis, that South Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico populations be considered as a second stock. Tilefish, Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps, are dis- tributed from southern Nova Scotia (Leim 1960; Markle et al. 1980) south to off Surinam

  19. MTRG, Poilo Final Report, April 2003 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Exeter, University of

    molecular methods (Bowen et al. 1992) suggesting a fundamental split into those populations from and Carr 1987); Suriname; (Shulz 1975);Aves Island (Venezuela; Sole and Medina 1989); and Trinidade (Brazil the other species is scant but data collected in recent years has shown the green turtle population nesting

  20. Langues amrindiennes : localisation des familles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Bolivie Pérou Colombie Venezuela Brésil Suriname Guyana Guyane française caribe tupi-guarani arawak océan démographique des populations qui les parlent. � titre d'exemple, la moyenne est de moins de mille locuteurs

  1. Contact-induced changes in Amerindian Languages of French Guiana Franoise Rose / Odile Renault-Lescure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , the Kalina population (around 3500 people, but a lower number of speakers) is spread out into different, Kalina has been in contact with a variety of other populations. Emérillon is the more septentrional to the border of Surinam, and the other on the Brazilian border (Cf. map). Because of its peripheral and more

  2. Studies on Neotropical Fauna und Environment Vol. 43, No. 3, December 2008, 177-180

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hödl, Walter

    crashes". We here report on two populations of Atelopus hoogmoedi from Suriname and Guyana which show ) have experienced drastic population reductions that some herald as potential extinction at the genus by the chytrid fungus, and climate change. Responses by Atelopus species typically involve rapid "population

  3. OPINION Open Access Made in Europe: will artemisinin resistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . However, facing the same difficult problem, Suriname shows more flexibility and is doing much better than malaria. However, the problem of mobile populations, such as miners, poses a challenge in the region. An additional challenge is that these mobile populations cross borders, and thus interventions of the different

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - adelbert von chamisso Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    May (fl.), F. W. H. A. von Humboldt et A. J. A. Bonpland s.n. (B-W 02374 -00 0... here): SURINAME. Loco non indicato, (fl.), C. G. Dahlberg s.n. (SBT 4.2.7.83). As Chamisso... ),...

  5. Research Article Open Access Volume 2 Issue 2 1000116

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , 000 inhabitants neighboring Brazil and Suriname in the Amazonian region. This region is characterized by a high HIV prevalence and a high birth rate, notably in the most vulnerable populations. The transmission]. Immigrants account for 40.5% of the adult population of Cayenne, which had 58,004 inhabitants [7]. Eighty

  6. ENDANGERED SPECIES RESEARCH Endang Species Res

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    populations is a dynamic process, modified as new nesting areas are evaluated (Bourjea et al. 2007, Lauret major rookeries in the Atlantic to be characterized. Abundance estimates, population trends, such as Tortuguero, Costa Rica; Ascension Is- land, UK; Aves Island, Venezuela; Suriname; and Florida, USA (Schulz

  7. BioMed Central Page 1 of 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    outbreaks can occur in the coastal area of French Guiana, where the population is essentially non/1/26 Page 2 of 8 (page number not for citation purposes) frontiers with Surinam and Brazil, respectively [1 the coast, where 80% of the population resides. However, outbreaks, which usually are of short duration

  8. Table A: Countries grouped on the basis of their 2004 Human Development Index score. Countries of birth groups Countries of birth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Grenada, the Bahamas, Surinam, Dominique, Saint Lucie, New Zealand, East Samoa, Fiji, Mexico. Low HDI.socscimed.2012.01.002 #12;Table B: Relative risk of mortality for foreign-born populations relative to the locally-born population by specific causes of death and gender (years 2004-2007) Violent death Infectious

  9. Mondialisation et territoires religieux dans les espaces tropicaux Effets et enjeux de la mondialisation sur la gographie mondiale de l'hindouisme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    'émigration hindoue peuvent être classés en cinq phases: les mouvements de population antiques et précoloniaux ; les'abolition de l'esclavage4 (vers l'Ile Maurice, La Réunion, Guyana, le Surinam, la Guyane, la Martinique

  10. L'Amrique latine ou les Amriques latines Georges Couffignal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , le Suriname, la Guyane, la Jamaïque, la Guadeloupe, la Martinique et les mini �tats de la Caraïbe. Au pays andins, populations parfois presque exclusivement d'origine européenne et populations métisses ou

  11. Evidence from genetic and Lagrangian drifter data for transatlantic transport of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hays, Graeme

    population on the South American coast (25% of the Surinam nesting population are estimated to go to Cape mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences (n = 1567) from foraging groups (n = 8) and nesting populations (n = 12 genetics and population genetic structure (e.g. exact tests of differentiation, Geneland and analysis

  12. Langues et cole en Guyane Bettina MIGGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    a pour voisin occidental le Surinam (ex-Guyane hollandaise, indépendante depuis 1975) dont la sépare le superficie contraste avec sa faible population. Le recensement de 1999 révisé indique 197 000 habitants, concentrés sur le littoral. On note cependant une augmentation de la population dans l'ouest guyanais, ainsi

  13. URBAN EXTENTS P a c i f i c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    URBAN EXTENTS Argentina Bolivia Chile Colombia Guyana Peru Paraguay Suriname Uruguay Venezuela Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT). Global Rural-Urban Mapping Project (GRUMP), Population Density Boundaries Note: National boundaries are derived from the population grids and thus may appear coarse. Urban

  14. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The imprint of the Slave Trade in an African

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The imprint of the Slave Trade in an African American population: Retracing the genetic histories of the descendant populations of the Slave Trade (16th -19th centuries in the current day Surinam. They represent an original ethnic group with a highly blended culture. Uniparental

  15. COLOMBIA GUYANA VENEZUELA FR.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    PERU CHILE ARGENTINA PARAGUAY BOLIVIA COLOMBIA GUYANA SURINAME URUGUAY VENEZUELA FR. GUIANA POPULATION DENSITY, 2000 Population density measures the number of persons per square kilometer of land area the population grids and thus may appear coarse. Lambert Azimuthal Equal Area Projection ´ 0 500 1,000 km

  16. Activities of juvenile green turtles, Chelonia mydas, at a jettied pass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ~land,AvesIsland, Costa Rica, and Surinam. The east coast ofFlorida has the largest breeding assem- blage in the United populations in Florida and the Pacific coast of Mexico, which are listed as endangered (National Marine populations in Texas. Published stranding data suggest that Texas nearshore and inshore waters are important

  17. MFR PAPER 1087 Trap Fishing Explorations for Snapper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    lying south , southeast, and southwest of Jamaica ; north of Hispaniola; in the northern Leeward Islands, north of Hispaniola , and off Venezuela , Guyana, and Surinam. Higher catch rates of about 40 pounds per the Jamaica Banks were grunts , triggerfish, squirrelfish , and porgies taken as a group. North of Hispaniola

  18. Isotope Biogeochemistry of Diagenesis caused by a Black

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isotope Biogeochemistry of Diagenesis caused by a Black Shale-fueled Deep Marine Biosphere (ODP Leg Forschungsgemeinschaft and Max Planck Society #12;Black shales and Diagenesis: Processes and Proxies - Authigenic sulfur the coasts of Surinam and French Guyana #12;µ Black shales in Leg 207 sediments and pore water response depth

  19. asian tsunami disaster: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The 2004 tsunami had a divergent impact on the patterns of political instability in Indonesia and Sri Lanka. In the former... Omelicheva, Mariya Y. 2011-01-01 23 Educational...

  20. ancianos cuba 2003-2005: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Di Giovine 2009) that spreads over the world Tanaka, Maki 2011-01-01 85 Angola Croatia Iceland Nepal Sri Lanka Antigua & Barbuda Cuba India Netherlands St. Kitts & Nevis...

  1. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2000), India (2001) and Croatia (2001) initiated mini-and Zimbabwe. Thailand-Zimbabwe, Thailand-Croatia, Thailand-Iran, Zimbabwe-Croatia, Zimbabwe-Sri Lanka, Croatia- Iran,

  2. agropecuarioen matanzas cuba: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Di Giovine 2009) that spreads over the world Tanaka, Maki 2011-01-01 55 Angola Croatia Iceland Nepal Sri Lanka Antigua & Barbuda Cuba India Netherlands St. Kitts & Nevis...

  3. Establishing a Standard Business Process Execution Architecture for Integrating Web Services

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    Kelly, Tim

    Thilina Gunasinghe Tim Kelly Virtusa (Pvt) Ltd. 69, Alexandra Place Colombo 7, Sri Lanka tgunasinghe accepted business process representation standards such as Role Activity Diagrams [5] and Business Process

  4. This article was downloaded by:[UT Arlington] On: 7 September 2007

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    Winguth, Arne

    -distribution, re-selling, loan or sub-licensing, systematic supply or distribution in any form to anyone near Batticaloa at the coast of Sri Lanka encompasses coral reefs and sandy clay over gravel

  5. Stories of Home: Generation, Memory, and Displacement among Jaffna Tamils and Jaffna Muslims 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thiranagama, Sharika

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Sri Lankan civil war has been ongoing for over twenty years. Fought out in the civilian areas of the North and East of Sri Lanka, between the Sri Lankan Government and the LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) it ...

  6. Aref, H. 1984. Stirring by chaotic advection. J. Fluid Mech., 143, 121. Arya, S. P. 1999. Air Pollution Meteorology and Dispersion, Oxford University Press, 310

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    Cushman-Roisin, Benoit

    . Fluid Mech., 35, 7­31. De Silva, I. P. D., H. J. S. Fernando, F. Eaton and D. Hebert. 1996. Evolution and K. Perera. 2005. Coral poaching worsens tsunami destruction in Sri Lanka. Eos Trans. Am.

  7. PUBLICLECTURE Thursday 6 December 2012 5.30 6.30pm

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    Botea, Adi

    , and the impact of agricultural research on poverty. She has conducted field work in Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka publications, including Collective Action and Property Rights for Poverty Reduction: Insights from Africa

  8. Berea College Geographical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    Ghana 2 South Korea 2 Kenya 4 Sri Lanka 1 Bolivia 2 Liberia 1 Taiwan 1 Brazil 1 Malawi 2 Tibet Malawi 0 2 2 Bolivia 0 2 2 Moldova 0 1 1 Botswana 0 1 1 Mon

  9. 10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700

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    Takada, Shoji

    Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 128 - - 18 22 Asian and African Area Studies Bolivia 1 Peru 5 Ecuador 1 Colombia 3 Venezuela 2 Pakistan 6 India 27 Nepal 11 Bangladesh 15 Sri Lanka 4

  10. China's policy towards US adversaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swartz, Peter Goodings

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If the Chinese government is trying to reassure the US that China's rise is not threatening, why does China diplomatically support adversaries of the US such as Iran, Sudan, Libya, and Syria? This thesis shows that soft ...

  11. The past, present, and future of Leishmania genomics and transcriptomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantacessi, Cinzia; Dantas-Torres, Filipe; Nolan, Matthew J.; Otranto, Domenico

    2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    , Peru Leishmania infantum V, C Old World: Afghanistan, Alba Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulg China, Cyprus, Croatia, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Italy, Libyan Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Leban Mauritania, Monaco, Monten Portugal, Syria, Romania, Sen Spain, Sudan...

  12. Hassan B. Diab Vice President,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    EGYPT IRAQ JORDAN KUWAIT LEBANON OMAN QATAR SAUDI ARABIA SUDAN SYRIA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES WEST BANK SYRIA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES WEST BANK YEMEN 2008-09 Annual Activity Report #12;2 Acknowledgement The 2008

  13. SAPIENZA UNIVERSITA' DI ROMA -BANDO 2013 DI COOPERAZIONE CON PVS -GRADUATORIA NOME COGNOME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    per la Gestione di Reti Energetiche (Smart Grid System) applicati ad Impianti Rinnovabili per la · SUDAN East Africa CitiesLab 73 6 Andrea MICANGELI Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica e Aerospaziale (D

  14. http://web.utk.edu/~auerbach/Goldman.htm THE GOLDMAN DATA SET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auerbach, Benjamin M.

    Autours Braives Ciply Trou Felix Canary Islands Unspecified Chile Tierra del Fuego Guinea New Britain Peru Cuzco Ancón Philippine Islands "Negrito" Russia Various locations Solomon Islands Unspecified South Africa "Bushman" Sudan El Kubanieh Kerma Sayala Toschke

  15. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [February 25, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Canada, Nigeria, China, Japan, Argentina, Brazil, Jamaica, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Egypt, Sudan, Ireland, France, Turkey, United Kingdom, and Federal Republic of Germany.

  16. The architectural implications of passive solar cooling systems in hot-arid climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharag-Eldin, Adil M. K. (Adil Mustafa Kamal)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Residential architectural design should fulfill both the comfort and the social requirements of the occupants. Khartoum, the capital of the Sudan was chosen for this study because of two reasons; The first is its unusually ...

  17. Geography 600 Undergraduate Research Symposium May 10th, 2013 9:00 am 4:00 pm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) contribute to urban sustainability?" 9:30 Casey Thonen, "Urban forests Of Food" 2:15 Evan Snoover, "How Ethnic Conflicts changed borders in Sudan" 2:25 Christine Wasielewski

  18. Gebel el-Silsila

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kucharek, Andrea

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Travellers’ graffiti from Egypt and the Sudan XI: Gebel el-Rushdi 1962 The geology of Egypt. Amsterdam and New York:pl. 1. Courtesy of the Egypt Exploration Society. ) Figure

  19. THE YOUNG ACADEMY MOVEMENT CTHB MEMBER PLAYS A LEADING ROLE IN THE GLOBAL YOUNG ACADEMY AND THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Nigeria, Pakistan, Sudan, Thailand and Uganda, all nations where the tolerance and rationality inherent than their older peers in interactions with society and with politicians. They also bring new energy

  20. The Saharan Metacraton Mohamed G. Abdelsalam a,*, Jean-Paul Lieegeois b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    -central part of Africa and extends in the Saharan Desert in Egypt, Libya, Sudan, Chad and Niger of the northern margin of the African continent in southern Egypt and Libya. The term ``metacraton'' refers

  1. Development Challenges and Mitigation Pathways in the Horn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Obeid Juba Hargeysa Bahir Dar Garoowe Wadi Halfa Mekele Awash Nyala Port Sudan Kismaayo BerberaDire Dawa Kassala Juba El Obeid Masawa Aseb Hargeysa Bahir Dar Garoowe Wadi Halfa Mekele Awash Nyala Khartoum Addis

  2. amazonian palm trees: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Abstract: Date palm tree is an economic crop which is grown in the arid region of Northern Nigeria from latitude 10 N in the Sudan savannah and the Sahel regions. Its...

  3. annual grass bromus: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    seed production and that the quality of the seed will be improved by thicker seeding. Cultivation.-The cultivation of Sudan grass grown for seed should be the same... among...

  4. Ann. Sci.forest., 1974, 31 (2), 111-128. BIOLOGIE ET DEGATS D'HEXACOLUS GUYANENSIS SCHEDL.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    population de Scolytes a été suivie au cours du dépérissement de l'arbre, ainsi que la présence de la faune suivis ainsi que l'évolution des populations du ravageur et de son complexe parasitaire. Le développement Surinam égale- Article disponible sur le site http://www.afs-journal.org ou http://dx.doi.org/10

  5. A review of "Versions of Blackness: Key Texts on Slavery from the Seventeenth Century" edited by Derek Hughes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M'Baye, Babacar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and imperialism on these populations which Europeans either enslaved, massacred, or colonized The book?s major objective is to resist the revisionist practice of interpreting the past mainly through the lenses of modern theories of racial interactions... from a sea port located in a region that was then known as Coromantine (in current Ghana), and brought to the English colony of Surinam in the West Indies. Behn describes the enslavement of Oroonoko as a tragic incident in which a European Captain...

  6. Le hakka, par Hilary Chappell et Laurent Sagart Le dialecte hakka est parl par quelque 35 millions de locuteurs, principalement dans le nord du

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    répandu hors de Chine, en particulier en Malaisie, dans le nord de Bornéo, en Guyane, au Surinam et à ont pu entraîner une forte animosité avec les populations chinoises plus anciennement établies. Cette («Puntis») dans la province de Canton. Méprisés par la société cantonaise, et assimilés aux She, population

  7. De la rencontre culturelle l'interculturalit : modalits de reconnaissances de la brsilianit en Guyane franaise ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    esclaves africains1 et les populations amérindiennes, dites "primitives". Puis, "l'obsession de peuplement2 frontaliers3 ", tant dues aux migrations des Brésiliens qu'aux personnes provisoirement déplacées du Surinam la Guyane française, instaurée en 1946, entraînera une volonté d'assimilation des populations en

  8. Guyana Francesa 1. Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    dense et le reste de mangroves, savanes, forêts secondaires et cultures sur la côte, entre le Surinam population : les chiffres du recensement de 1999 révisé font état de 197 000 habitants. A titre de deux réside dans l'île de Cayenne1 , mais un rééquilibrage progressif de la population sur le

  9. S. INGRAND, G. HOSTACHE* Dpartements Systmes Agraires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    de 90000 km2 situé entre le Brésil et le Surinam (voir carte), a le statut de département français depuis 1946. Sa population était estimée à 120000 habitants en 1990. C'est en 1975 qu'a été initiée par l services. A cette époque, la population totale de la Guyane était de 55000 ha

  10. Langues de Guyane et langues parles en Guyane Isabelle Lglise, Odile Lescure, Michel Launey, Bettina Migge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    cultures sur la côte, entre le Suriname (ex-Guyane hollandaise, indépendant depuis 1975), dont la sépare le la taille de ce territoire, la population est réduite : environ 230 000 habitants. � titre de. Par ailleurs la répartition géographique de la population est très inégale ; 90 % sont concentrés sur

  11. Revue de sociolinguistique en ligne N 4 Juillet 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Amérique du Sud, le département d'Outre-mer de la Guyane partage 520 km de frontières avec le Surinam et Maroni à l'Ouest (cf. carte en annexe). Alors que 90% de la population guyanaise est concentrée sur une de l'Amazonie, « la majorité des populations non francophones minoritaires, amérindiennes et

  12. INFORMALITS NORMALISES : FACTEURS D'INTEGRATION CONOMIQUE ET SOCIALE DES BRSILIENNES EN GUYANE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    'Africains échappés du Surinam (1880), forment des villages le long du fleuve Maroni. Les descendants de ces populations d'origine africaines seront les « Criollos », desquels vont naître la culture créole et l se poursuit, dans les années 1980, jusqu'en 1990, avec l'arrivée de population haïtienne, associée à

  13. L'identit gomtrie variable des jeunes hommes Kali'na de Mana (Guyane franaise) : sur quelle mesure ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    disperse au Brésil, au Surinam, jusqu'au Guyana et au Venezuela (Ethnies 1985 :14). En 1958, la population'intérieur et ethnies du littoral. Les populations Kali'na1 du littoral, associées avec les populations Wayana française ­ de 670 à 2000 personnes en 1990. A ce chiffre s'ajoute les populations déplacées en 1995

  14. Lglise I., 2008, Plurilinguisme et migrations en Guyane franaise , Cahiers de l'Observatoire des pratiques linguistiques, 2, Plurilinguisme et migrations, Presses Universitaire d'Orlans.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in the overseas Department of French Guiana. L'immigration et les mobilités de population sont constitutives du populations amérindiennes depuis près de 2000 ans, colonisation et esclavage, puis migrations économiques et immigration spontanée essentiellement du Brésil, du Surinam et d'Haïti. Le corollaire en est que cette

  15. Evaluation of the paraphyletic assemblages within Lonchophyllinae, with description of a new tribe and genus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parlos, Julie A.; Timm, Robert M.; Swier, Vicki J.; Zeballos, Horacio; Baker, Robert J.

    2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    of these karyotypes, previously not available for L. cadenai and L. concava, are shown in Fig. 1. Sequence divergence.—All intraspecific se- quence divergence values were less than 2.5%, with the exception of those for Platalina as well as populations representing...UM of texas tech University Table 1. Karyotype data obtained from the literature or described herein. Locality data are provided when available. Abbreviations are: L. = Lonchophylla, H. = Hsunycteris, 2N = diploid number, FN = fundamental number, Suriname...

  16. An inventory of the original vegetation of the Palmetto Bend Reservoir site in Jackson County, Texas with respect to potential eutrophication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crocker, Benjamin Rush

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    left on the bottom of the reservoir (1) (2). Leentvaar reported on a study of Lake Brokopondo in Surinam, South America (3). Within 3 to 4 weeks after filling, dissolved oxygen con- centrations were zero below 4 meters and large scale H S production... boundaries. They were ran- domly distributed throughout the vegetative population. With this method, all of the plants inside the boundaries of the quadrat were catalogued and measured, a time-consuming process usually requiring a great deal of equipment...

  17. Phylogeny of Geophagine cichlids from South America (Perciformes: Labroidei)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernan, Lopez Fernandez

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ) and Kullander and Nijssen (1989), most populations of Geophagus referred to as G. surinamensis (Bloch) (Gosse 1975) have been recognized as different taxa. The Geophagus surinamensis ?complex? includes 7 described species (G. surinamensis, G. brokopondo..., including G. grammepareius Kullander and Taphorn, G. taeniopareius Kullander and Royero, G. argyrostictus Kullander G. harreri Gosse and probably several undescribed species known to the aquarium trade (Weidner 2000). Originally described from Surinam...

  18. Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    Background South America is divided into 13 countries and has a total population of around 340 million people and civil society. Table 1 Basic data for South American countries COUNTRY Land area (km2 ) Population (`000,946 Peru 1,280,000 25,230 19.7 27.6 2,580 Suriname 156,000 415 2.7 48.4 415 Uruguay 174,810 3,313 19.0 8

  19. Amrique latine et Carabes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    26 Amérique latine et Caraïbes La région Amérique latine et Caraïbes abrite une population d dernières années (le taux de pauvreté extrême est passé de 12 % de la population en 1990 à 5 % en 2012 selon P�ROU �QUATEUR COLOMBIE VENEZUELA GUYANA SURINAME GUYANE FRAN�AISE MEXIQUE MARTINIQUE GUADELOUPE SAINT

  20. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  1. Improving the Labor Market Outcomes of Minorities: The Role of Employment Quota

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    affirmative action policy for minorities exists in India. This paper exploits the institutional features institutions. This is used in India, Malaysia and Sri Lanka among other countries. Second is the policy of federally mandated employment quota policy to examine its effect on labor market outcomes of two distinct

  2. Working Paper SchweizerischeFriedensstiftung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    results by Rina Alluri and Karsten Palme. They both undertook excellent research in Rwanda and Croatia in peacebuilding______ 9 4 The tourism sector's engagement in peacebuilding in Croatia, Rwanda and Sri Lanka __________________________________________________ 27 #12;List of Graphs Graph 1: Tourist arrivals in Croatia, 1983-2007 16 Graph 2: Tourist arrivals

  3. Prediction of stem volume of Alstonia macrophylla growing as even-aged monocultures using diameter at breast height and total height

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanka. A. macrophylla timber is not durable although it produces dense wood. Due to this reason, this species is classified as Class III timber by the State Timber Corporation. Therefore the timber, a significant amount has been established by private companies (especially tea companies in their fallow lands

  4. The State of Workforce Diversity 2013 On April 23, 2013, the Office of Diversity Studies of the John J. Heldrich Center for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neimark, Alexander V.

    of South Africa to participate in the first forum. Lattimer stated that the forum addressed such issues as of South Africa, Ireland, India, and Sri Lanka, as well as at conferences within the United States. #12 Secretary, U.S. Department of Energy; Dr. Nancy DiTomaso, Professor, Rutgers Business School

  5. www.strath.ac.uk/humanities/courses/law/ courses/humanrights/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    travelled to varying countries like Sri Lanka, South Africa, India and Kenya to undertake projects in areas and Penal Change MSc Mediation and Conflict Resolution (evening) LLM in Internet Law and Policy LLM including Indian environmental and energy laws, Tanzanian land law, and exploration of the low take

  6. Cey. J. Sci. (Bio. Sci.) 35 (1): 25-39, 2006 PHYTOREMEDIATION: AN AFFORDABLE GREEN TECHNOLOGY FOR THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajakaruna, Nishanta

    for remediating contaminated bodies of soils and water in developing countries like Sri Lanka, where clean-up can such as trichloroethylene (TCE), a common ground-water pollutant (Newman et al., 1997), herbicides such as atrazine (Burken, gasoline, benzene, toluene, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) (Schnoor et al., 1995, Aprill

  7. Acknowledgments: UNEP/WMO, IIASA, JRC, US EPA, SEI, Scripps, Middlebury, U York,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (particle filters+) ­ Replacing coal in residential stoves ­ Replacing residential wood burning in Industrialized countries ­ Clean-burning cookstoves in developing countries ­ Modern brick kilns ­ Modern coke + Sri Lanka South East Asia China Rice paddies Livestock manure Wastewater Municipal waste Coal mines

  8. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 1). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LePoer, B.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  9. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.R.

    1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  10. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 2). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  11. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 3). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  12. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 1). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  13. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 2). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent; Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  14. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 4). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  15. Studies on antigen sharing between molluscs and Schistosoma mansoni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Bruce Jeffrey

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Caribbean, and those parts of Surinam where S. haematobium has not esta'blished lf (M nest 0 G'1, 1976), S. ~, il | t t lly confined to the Far East, is present in Japan, Taiwan, the Phillipines, the Yangtze basin in China, and. parts of Burma, Thailand... of this type of immunity is apparent. By creating a barrier to continuous reinfection, concomitant immunity is able to prevent overcrowding of the parasite in the host. This form of population control is ultimately of value to the parasite and the host...

  16. Helminth parasites of the cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis ibis) in Texas in relation to diet and geographical distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubin, David Michael

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and will be discussed here. The first record of cattle egrets in the western hemisphere was between 1877 and 1882 1n Surinam, South America (Palmer, 1962). Large The format used for this thesis follows that used in the Journal of Parasitology. populations, however... flyway. Martin's study failed to show a difference in endoparasites of the two populations. Martin, however, compared cattle egrets collected at dif- f'erent seasons of the year and d1d not quantify parasite 1nfections. The impact of the cattle egrets...

  17. The distribution of Lucifer faxoni Borradaile in the neritic waters of the Texas Gulf coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harper, Donald Ernest

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the waters of South America by Borradaile (1916) off the mouth of Rio de Janeiro Harbor, Brasil and by Holthuis (1959) from Surinam. lo th Pacific a d l do Pacific o-' a, L. Paao i has been reported by Hansen (1919) from the East Indian Archipeligo... seasonal distributions of L uife ~faao 1 fo th th ee sets of t tious afe showa 1 fis es 5, d d 7. fh u* fhs sh L, fa o 1 as present in small numbers from winter to mid-summer or fall. A rapid increase in the population occurred in the late summer...

  18. Interview with Peter riviere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riviere, Peter

    2004-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Peter Riviere interviewed by Laura Rival 9th September 2001 Research on South America 0:00:05 Why study the Trio? Maybe influenced by Audrey Coulson in 1957; by 1960’s easy to go to Surinam and Trio were accessible by airstrip; even today Trio... isolated from the rest of the population 0:03:40 What field site would you choose today? Would try to find peoples that were slightly more ritualistic in Xingu or Upper Amazon; streak of puritanism among the Trio; lack of enthusiasm among students...

  19. A preliminary analysis of geographic variation in the neotropical teiid lizard, Cnemidophorus lemniscatus (Sauria: Teiidae), from Mainland Central and South America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCrystal, Hugh Kreyer

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the biology of Honduras to Panama and east through French Guiana, possessed the typical C. lemniscatus patterns (DP7-9); In 46/. of all specimens examined in this study, pattern types DP7 and DP9 are observed almost equally. The third typical pattern type... = Puerto Cortes, Honduras; g4 = Surinam; T";5 = i~laturin, Venezuela; 66 Falcon, Venezuela; g7 = Bolivar, Venezuela; g8 = Camatagua, Venezuela; P9 = Guyana; $1G Baranquilla, Colombia; $11 = Yaviza, Panama; 514 = Apure, Venezuela; f16 = Villavicencio...

  20. Abstracts of Bulletins 305 to 327, Inclusive.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, A. D.

    1926-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~on and Utilization (1914). 171. Losses of -Mo~sture'and.Plant Food by Percolation (1914). 172. Sudan ~rass- (19155. 173. The Composition:of{the Soils of the Texas Panhandle (1915). 174. The'Effect of Organlc Compounds in Pot Experiments (1915) 175. ~istributih...

  1. The Weight of Words Construction and Implications of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    The Weight of Words Construction and Implications of Genocide Discourse in Bosnia and Sudan #12 Genocide 1975-1979 - 2,000,000 Deaths Rwanda 1994 - 800,000 Deaths Bosnia Genocide 1992-1995 - 200 INEVITABLITY #12;Bosnia- background #12;"Ethnic Cleansing" Massacres Plundering of villages Rape Camps #12

  2. On the Possibility of Basing Oblivious Transfer on Weakened

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyuu, Yuh-Dauh

    Malicious PIR implies OT 9 4 The Completeness of Weak PIR 12 4.1 Definition Weak OT to Weak PIR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Bibliography 16 1 #12;Chapter 1 Retrieval(PIR) which was proposed by Chor, Goldreich, Kushilevitz, and Sudan in [11]. The PIR scheme

  3. Computationally Private Information Retrieval with Polylogarithmic Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cachin, Christian

    information retrieval. The notion of private information retrieval (PIR for short) was introduced by Chor, Goldreich, Kushilevitz and Sudan [CGKS95] and has already received a lot of attention. The study of PIR for mobile users.) Ideally, the PIR problem consists of devising a communication protocol involving just two

  4. J. Math. Cryptol. 5 (2011), 277301 DOI 10.1515/jmc-2012-0001 de Gruyter 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chee, Yeow Meng

    information retrieval [12] and general secure two-party computation [18]. Related Work. Private information retrieval (PIR) was introduced by Chor, Goldreich, Kushilevitz and Sudan in [12]. It allows a user privacy. The main measure of the efficiency of a PIR protocol is its communication complexity, i

  5. Computationally Private Information Retrieval with Polylogarithmic Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cachin, Christian

    . The notion of private information retrieval (PIR for short) was introduced by Chor, Goldreich, Kushilevitz and Sudan [CGKS95] and has already received a lot of attention. The study of PIR is motivated by the growing, the PIR problem consists of devising a communication protocol involving just two parties, the database

  6. Computationally Private Information Retrieval With Polylogarithmic Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldwasser, Shafi

    . The beautiful notion of private information retrieval (PIR for short) was introduced by Chor, Goldreich, Kushilevitz and Sudan [CGKS95] and has already received a lot of attention. The study of PIR is motivated.) Ideally, the PIR problem consists of devising a communication protocol involving just two parties

  7. A Human news summaries 1 B Mechanical Turk task 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taskar, Ben

    -running conflict. Russia-Japan-China-oil-pipeline MOSCOW: Russia said it had ordered the construction of an oil Yanukovich resigned and all but admitted losing last weekend's historic presidential rerun vote. Sudan pipeline from its huge Siberian oilfields to the Pacific Ocean opposite Japan, in a move to boost export

  8. 4th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing (UCC 2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    Zealand, Pakistan, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, and Vietnam. After peer-reviewing all the submissions, the Program, and United States. The three invited speakers are: Professor Manish Parashar (Rutgers: The State University

  9. Effects of Cultural and Management Practices on Sudangrass Performance.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holt, Ethan C.

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Harvest Frequen cy....-- 5 Harvest Practice ............................................ 5 Height and Frequency ................................ 5 Method of Harvest .................................... 6 Frequency of Harvest... sorghum and a sudangrass variety, have been used widely in recent years. The hybrids generally grow faster, produce more total dry matter and recover more rapidly following harvest than the sudan varieties. General culture and management practices ire...

  10. April 29, 2006 OP-ED CONTRIBUTOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    April 29, 2006 OP-ED CONTRIBUTOR Net Gains By JEFFREY D. SACHS AMERICANS have a perfect retort to Osama Bin Laden's call for expanding the terrorism war to Sudan. We should respond by showing our with the distribution of long-lasting insecticide-treated bed nets to each household with children who came

  11. Template-based Reconstruction of Complex Refactorings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Miryung

    Template-based Reconstruction of Complex Refactorings Kyle Prete, Napol Rachatasumrit, Nikita Sudan occurred be- tween two program versions can help programmers better understand code changes. Our survey using a template- based refactoring reconstruction approach--REF-FINDER ex- presses each refactoring

  12. Respornse of Irrigated Crops to Micronutrients In the Lower Rio Grande Valley.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burleson, C. A. (Charles Albertis); Gerard, C. J. (Cleveland Joseph); Cowley, W. R. (Walter Raymond)

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ........................................................... 2i Potatoes ............................. ........................ Spinach ....... Sudan Squash ................................................ ...,.,, Tomatoes .............................................~..... Phosphorus-Zinc Interaction... of poor soil and water management prac- tices. Land Leveling Micronutrient deficiencies occur frequently where deep cuts are made during land-forming operations, leaving exposed subsoils. Such ex- posed areas usually are low in organic matter...

  13. Florida Atlantic University Division of Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    research involve activities related to the proliferation of nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons, Cuba, Cyprus, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Libya, N. Korea, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zaire (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Zimbabwe. Yes No Does

  14. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 2012, v. 82, 859870 Research Article

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purkis, Sam

    Southeastern University, 8000 North Ocean Drive, Dania Beach, Florida 33004, U.S.A., 2 Chevron Energy are located on a north­south transect along the western margin of the sea: (1) Gubal Straits (Egypt), (2) Shalatayn (Egypt), (3) Trinkitat (Sudan), (4) Dahlak (Eritrea), and (5) Halib (Eritrea); and one is from

  15. Georgia Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , sponsored by NOAA, California Energy Commission, and CalFed; #12;EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: USGS (Burundi, Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda) and is used their information needs. In the US, INFORM is a project that is motivated by the water and energy shortages

  16. U.S. NAVYPROGRAM GUIDE 2014 The U.S. Navy and Marine Corps team is the world's preeminent maritime force

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    global stability that underpins our country's economic vitality, and building trust and confidence with provocative North Korean actions. We patrolled off the shores of Syria,Libya,Egypt,Somalia,and Sudan aircraft carriers in the North Arabian Sea into Afghanistan, and arrayed our forces to enhance stability

  17. Original article Field-oriented trial of the Chinese Brucella suis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and goats in Libya AA Mustafa M Abusowa 1 % FAO Representative, Box 1117, Khartoum, Sudan; 2 Director of the Animal Health Department, PO Box 351, Tripoli, Libya (Received 20 April 1993; accepted 18 June 1993 is know to be prevalent in sheep and goats in Libya. Recently, evidence of association between ovine

  18. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicod, M.A.

    1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum rights in the 6 countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered by this paper amounted to 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1983, an 11% decrease from the 2,044,851 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1982. This decrease is mostly due to relinquishments in Sudan. Onshore seismic activity decreased in all countries except Sudan, where it slightly increased. Marine seismic activity increased by 85%, mostly due to significant efforts in Morocco and Egypt. Exploration drilling activity increased with 179 wildcats completed in 1983 compared to 166 in 1982. The success rate was 44.7% compared to 36% in 1982. No discoveries were made in Morocco. No new hydrocarbon province was discovered in 1983. Development drilling sharply increased in Egypt and remained at about the same levels in the other countries as in 1982. In Sudan, Chevron started in late September the first development drilling operations in Unity field. Oil production, with a daily average of 2,872,000 bbl, was at the same level as in 1982. In Egypt, 7 new fields went on-stream in the Gulf of Suez, 2 in the Western Desert, and 1 in the Eastern Desert. One field was put on-stream in Libya and 4 in Tunisia. Utilized gas production probably remained at the same level as in 1982 (2000 mmcf/day). 9 figures, 28 tables.

  19. Holocene freshwater carbonate structures in the hyper-arid Gebel Uweinat region of the Sahara Desert (Southwestern Egypt) q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Desert (Southwestern Egypt) q Margarita M. Marinova a,b , A. Nele Meckler c , Christopher P. McKay b region of the Sahara Desert, near the triple border of Egypt, Sudan, and Libya (N22°, E25°), re- ceives- ibrated years BP; Wendorf and expedition, 1977). While some parts of southwest Egypt have been extensively

  20. The impact and recovery of asteroid 2008 TC3 P. Jenniskens1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a phase angle slope parameter G 5 0.15). This is a measure of the asteroid's size. Eyewitnessesin Wadi Halfa and at Station 6 (atrain station between Wadi Halfa and Al Khurtum, Sudan) in the Nubian Desert Meteorological Office10 wind model data and ground-based images of the lingering train11 taken from Wadi Halfa

  1. Opportunities for energy conservation in the developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koshel, P.; Allen, E.L.; Cecelski, E.; Dougher, R.; Ring, L.

    1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy problems faced by developing countries are explored and opportunities for saving energy and for using fuels other than petroleum in the modern sector are assessed. Specific resources assessed include oil and gas, coal, hydropower, and traditional fuels. Trends in commercial energy consumption by the developing countries are assessed and the domestic fuel resources of these countries are examined. Patterns of commercial energy use in several LDCs including Sri Lanka, Haiti, India, Kenya, Egypt, the Phillippines, the Republic of Korea, and Brazil are examined. Sri Lanka and Haiti are the subjects for case studies reported in the appendixes. Opportunities for conservation in the modern sector, which include most industrial activities, transportation, and electric power generation as well as some agricultural activities and large residential and commercial buildings, are discussed. The concluding section explores policies which might be initiated by LDC governments to encourage energy conservation. (MCW)

  2. Strategies of Asian oil-importing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, M. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Various strategies are used by oil-importing countries to reduce their economic dependence on imported oil: national oil production, energy conservation, and the change of economic structures from high energy intensity sectors to low ones. In this article, the roles of these different strategies have been identified for 10 selected oil-importing countries in Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong, R.O Korea, and Taiwan. The results show that most of the selected countries (although Hong Kong and Taiwan are independent economic entities, for simplicity, the author refers to them as countries) have succeeded in reducing their national economy dependence on imported oil since 1973. Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India are among the most successful countries, with more than 40% reduction in their economic dependence on imported oil.

  3. On-Road Emissions in Asia Measured by Remote Sensing.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    -92 10138934,400Auckland NZ, 2004 11 15 7 50 61 17 66 209 16 35,000 6,659 14,944 Sri Lanka, 2004 Petrol cars,891 8544 Hong Kong, 1993 Petrol 2003 *2202645,260Bangkok THA, 1993 Mean gNO/kg Mean gHC/kg Mean gCO/kgoffuel #12;2003-2005 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 HK Petrol Average USA Singapore Tokyo JPN New Delhi

  4. A cross-national study of the pattern of modernization in the developing countries, 1965-75

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Kwok-on Frankie

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COUNTRIES? 1965 AND 1973 (IN U. S. $) Countries 1965" GNP Rank 1 973+? GNP Rank Venezuela Argentina Greece Uraguay Chile Spain Libya Jamaica Panama Mexico Lebanon Costa Rica Portugal Peru Nicaragua Guatemala Malaysia Ghana Colombia... Portugal Greece Kenya (white pop. only) Lebanon Iran Jordan C olombia Jamaica Libya Brazil Malaysia Uraguay Paraguay Peru Mexico Syria Egypt Iraq Sri Lanka Costa Rica Panama Guatemala Ecuador South Korea Ghana Ethiopia Turkey India...

  5. Challenges and Recommendations for ‘Visitors’ Teaching Design in the Developing World towards Sustainable Equitable Futures: Four Divided Nations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jann, Marga

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ; in the developing world singularities like culture shock, climate adaptation, health issues (e.g. dengue, malaria, heat exhaustion, poor diet etc.), 3 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sayre's_law last... ) allowed a connection which eventually helped the students to see they were wasting their parents’ money and cheating themselves out of the full opportunity offered. Conflict in Sri Lanka resulted in students banning a fieldtrip hours before departure...

  6. Ethnicity and Identity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regmi, Rishikeshab Raj

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . People are knowing and becoming aware through mass media and TVs that what is happening to the people of Sri Lanka, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia and Croatia and Kosovo. King Prithvi arayan Shaha established the enlarged Nepali nation and recognised... -food security, peace, the search for energy substitutes, the preservation of ecological balance, avoiding environmental degradation, the fight against disease can be solved only through global effort. Science and technology also to Occasional Papers need a...

  7. The influence of management on growth responses of sudangrass-sorghum hybrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alston, G. D

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Grazer and Sudax 11 under different frequency-height clipping treatments, College Station, Texas, 1963. 13 Analysis of variance of average yield of dry forage of two sudan-sorghum hybrids harvested at various frequencies and clipping heights, College... primary stems at the time of initial harvest for all treatments, College Station, Texas, 1963. 20 Average number of secondary meristems remaining on ten primary stems at the time of the second clipping of the two earliest frequencies, College Station...

  8. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  9. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984. An increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North America ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries. 9 figures, 27 tables.

  10. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.Ch.

    1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984, an increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North Africa ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was up 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries.

  11. The UNIVERSITY of NORTH CAROLINA at CHARLOTTE An Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howitt, Ivan

    . Does the P.I. plan to ship or take project equipment/technology outside the U.S.? If yes, contact ECO (ECO). Write export control review comments in the box below and/or attach any pertinent emails, North Korea, or Sudan? If yes to B.1, contact ECO ­ a license may be required. Yes No Yes No N/A C

  12. An assessment of the usefulness of 5 new synthetic pyrethroids in IPM programs for tobacco budworm control in cotton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajakulendran, Sinnappu Victor

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New Synthetic Pyrethroids in IPM Programs for Tobacco Budworm Control in Cotton. (Mlay 1981) Sinnappu Victor Rajakulendran, B. Sc. (Agri. ) University of Sri Lanka Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. F. W. Plapp, Jr. Toxicity measurements were...-methyl ethyl) benzene acetate) and fluvalinate. Toxicity was de- termined to larvae of the tobacco budworm Heliothis (P. ), t d lt 1 *f 't p 't, ~tl t' sonorensis (Carlson), and to larvae of its predator, C~t * ddt pl ). Al*, ll d' f t t d as a...

  13. Precambrian coal or anthraxolite: A source for graphite in high-grade schists and gneisses-a reply

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mancuso, J.J.; Seavoy, R.E.

    1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Argues that without considering data for igneous carbon (carbonatites) or for ultrahigh metamorphic calcareous gneisses such as are found in the Grenville province of North America, the conclusion that the source of carbon for vein graphite is magmatic or carbonate carbon is not justified. Points out that marbles and calc-silicate gneisses occur with the graphite-bearing granulite facies rocks in Sri Lanka. Calcite may also be seen in the veins with the graphite. Concludes that whether the graphite in epigenetic veins in high grade schists and gneisses has variable carbon isotope ratios depends on whether it was derived from organic material in carbonate or noncarbonate metasediments.

  14. An assessment of the usefulness of 5 new synthetic pyrethroids in IPM programs for tobacco budworm control in cotton 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajakulendran, Sinnappu Victor

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New Synthetic Pyrethroids in IPM Programs for Tobacco Budworm Control in Cotton. (Mlay 1981) Sinnappu Victor Rajakulendran, B. Sc. (Agri. ) University of Sri Lanka Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. F. W. Plapp, Jr. Toxicity measurements were...-methyl ethyl) benzene acetate) and fluvalinate. Toxicity was de- termined to larvae of the tobacco budworm Heliothis (P. ), t d lt 1 *f 't p 't, ~tl t' sonorensis (Carlson), and to larvae of its predator, C~t * ddt pl ). Al*, ll d' f t t d as a...

  15. Spanish and English language usage by rural and urban Spanish-American families in two South Texas counties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahoney, Mary Katherine

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    T, Hall, The Silent ~Lanka ueee, (Garden City, New york: Doubleday snd Company, 195~9 , p. 61. 8 Joshua A. Fishman and V. C. Nahriny, ~o. cit. These include: Mary L. Cothran, "An Analysis of Occupational Patterns Among Rural snd Urban Spanish... the acculturation of this population group. Moreovery the studies have not attempted to relate Spanish and English language usage by Spanish-Americans to these particular factors. This thesis 22 Jurgen Ruesch and Weldon Kees, Nonverbal Communication IB 2 2 y: 2...

  16. Sri Sai Krishna Hydro Energies Pvt Ltd SSK | Open Energy Information

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  20. St Croix Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

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  1. St. Louis, Missouri: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  3. St. Paul, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

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  4. Stable Flats LLC | Open Energy Information

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  5. Stadtwerke Aachen AG STAWAG | Open Energy Information

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  6. Stadtwerke Bochum GmbH | Open Energy Information

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  7. Stadtwerke Mainz AG | Open Energy Information

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  8. Stadtwerke Trier GmbH SWT | Open Energy Information

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  9. Stage 1: Organizing the LEDS Process | Open Energy Information

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  10. Stage 3b: Assessing Opportunities | Open Energy Information

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  11. Stage 3c: Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios |

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  12. Stand-alone Renewable Energy-Best Practices and Lessons Learnt | Open

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  13. Stand-alone Renewable Energy-Economic and Financial Analysis | Open Energy

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  14. Stand-alone Renewable Energy-Financing Mechanisms | Open Energy Information

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  15. Stand-alone Renewable Energy-Market Studies | Open Energy Information

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  16. Stand-alone Renewable Energy-Policy and Regulatory Studies | Open Energy

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  17. Standard Ethanol LLC | Open Energy Information

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  18. Stanford- Global Climate and Energy Project | Open Energy Information

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  19. Stanford- Precourt Energy Efficiency Center | Open Energy Information

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  20. Stanton County Public Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information

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  1. Staples | Open Energy Information

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  2. StarTex Power | Open Energy Information

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  3. Stardate Solar | Open Energy Information

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  4. Startup America Initiative | Open Energy Information

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  5. State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA): State Policy and the Pursuit

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  6. State Clean Energy Policies Analysis: State, Utility, and Municipal Loan

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  7. State Energy Efficiency Policy Database | Open Energy Information

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  8. State Grant Program | Open Energy Information

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  9. State Nuclear Power Technology Corporation SNPTC | Open Energy Information

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  10. State-level Benefits of Renewable Energy | Open Energy Information

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  11. Statoil formerly StatoilHydro | Open Energy Information

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  12. Status of Power Sector Reform in Africa: Impact on the Poor | Open Energy

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  13. Staxera GmbH | Open Energy Information

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  14. Steele-Waseca Cooperative Electric | Open Energy Information

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  15. Steinbeis Technology Transfer Centre for Emissions Trading | Open Energy

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  16. Steinbine Development LLC | Open Energy Information

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  17. Stelio Solar GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information

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  18. Stellar Holdings | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL Elec Coop,Lanka-DLRStandardStaxera

  19. Sterling Ethanol LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL Elec Coop,Lanka-DLRStandardStaxeraEthanol LLC Jump to:

  20. Sterling Motor Technologie | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL Elec Coop,Lanka-DLRStandardStaxeraEthanol LLC Jump

  1. Steuben Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL Elec Coop,Lanka-DLRStandardStaxeraEthanol LLC

  2. Steven Chu | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL Elec Coop,Lanka-DLRStandardStaxeraEthanol LLCSteven Chu

  3. Steven Winters Associates Inc (Massachusetts) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL Elec Coop,Lanka-DLRStandardStaxeraEthanol LLCSteven

  4. Stevens Institute of Technology | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL Elec Coop,Lanka-DLRStandardStaxeraEthanol

  5. Stirling Cycles Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL Elec Coop,Lanka-DLRStandardStaxeraEthanolStirling Cycles

  6. Stochastic Energy Deployment System (SEDS) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL Elec Coop,Lanka-DLRStandardStaxeraEthanolStirling

  7. Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL Elec Coop,Lanka-DLRStandardStaxeraEthanolStirling

  8. Stockholm, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL Elec Coop,Lanka-DLRStandardStaxeraEthanolStirlingSweden:

  9. Vitamin A Studies in Fattening Feeder Calves and Yearlings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marion, Paul T.; Ellis, N. R.; Black, W. H.; Howe, P. E.; Kemmerer, A. R.; Riggs, J. K.; Jones, J. M.; Fraps, G. S.; Dickson, R. E.; Schmidt, H.; Jones, John H.

    1943-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    $ijl ,r(;o?f';~'!~!! AGRICULTVIZ.1L AND ALECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. \\VALTON, President [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] . II stage clisch lose the c Fa grass oi-tm X.'.. to leg1 oil, has been shown in vitamin A studies in fattening...- ments; but dehydrated alfalfa leaf meal was used in the succeeding experiments. Curative agents, as cod liver oil, pure crystalline carotene dissolved in maize oil, fresh green alfalfa, and fresh green sudan grass were used in instances of advanced...

  10. Understanding Resource Nationalism in the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughes, Llewelyn; Kreyling, Sean J.

    2010-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Resource nationalism in oil-importing states appears on the rise. Oil price volatility underpinned by demand growth has led China, India and others to increase state support for national-flag firms in order to increase the state’s energy self-sufficiency. Both Chinese and Indian National Oil Companies (NOCs) have made energy investments worldwide, including in Sudan and Iran. Long-standing oil importers such as the United States and Japan have reenergized policies designed to increase domestic production of crude and crude substitutes, or have subsidized national-flag firms, in the name of energy independence.

  11. Merowe Dam and the inundation of paleochannels of the Nile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The course of the Nile in northern Sudan follows a contorted path through bedrocks, creating the Great Bend. Few years ago, the satellite images showed a fertile strip of land with villages, where paleochannels of the river hosted many fields with cultivations and archaeological sites. Now, a huge part of this valley is under the waters of Merowe Dam reservoir. Comparing the images of the region before and after the dam gates were closed, we can see that the reservoir created itself through flooding the paleochannels.

  12. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 12/05/2011 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .05 United Arab Emirates 2 1 2.50 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 154 24 92.15 United.71 Kazakhstan 2 0 0.99 Kenya 31 4 53.88 Kuwait 3 0 0.49 Lebanon 8 2 15.32 Lesotho 2 0 0.46 Libyan Arab Person-months* Sudan 27 10 80.28 Swaziland 1 0 0.46 Sweden 29 6 8.38 Switzerland 77 15 16.70 Syrian Arab

  13. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  14. Detection and partial characterization of antigens shared between adult Schistosoma mansoni and Biomphalaria glabrata

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alter, Jason Matthew

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , ', I' ~ ~ , , ;". ~%4:. !, &45:. "::P@4!4" ?;4@M A', , ' "l'tg', "l "(k'L~&j+i3w, 4 c)~if glil'l (~)qg !4~j ~ 24 Neither Oil red 0 nor sudan black B penetrated the gel, confirming the results of sodeman (1967). Nile blue A did penetrate... rat monoclonal IgG2a. J. Immunol. 129' 2232-2234. Ey, P. L. , S. J. Prowse, and C. R. Jenkin. 1978. Isolation of pure IgGl, IgG2A and IgG2B immunoglobulins from mouse serum using protein A -sepharose. Immuno. Chem. 15: 429-436. Gitter, B. D. , s...

  15. The Value of Various Feeds in the Control of Coccidiosis in Chicks.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherwood, R. M. (Ross Madison)

    1925-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in 1924-25. CIRCULARS Strawberries Under Irrigation in South Texas-1914. Insect Enemies of Sudan Grass-1915. Housing Farm Implements-1 01 5. The Malvaceous Plants of Texas-1920. Cost of Production; I'ts Relation to Price--1920. The Practicability... A. H. LEIDIGH, M. S., Asst. Director Breeding CHAS. A. FELKER, Chief Clerk R. H. STANSEL, B. S., Asst. in Crops A. S. WARE, Secretary PLANT PATHOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY M. P. HOLLEMAN, JR., Asst. Chief Clerk J. J. TAUBENHAUS, Ph. D., Chief J. M...

  16. The diversity, distribution and feeding behavior of solifuges (arachnida; solifugae) in Kenya.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddick, Kristie Lynn

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    spent along the Sudan/Ugandan border in Lokichoggio Township, northwestern Kenya. 16 Sites were chosen based on the high percentage of arid/semi-arid lands and reflect as many different habitats in southern Kenya as possible. Sampling took place... over a six month period but solifuges were only collected over a period of approximately 3.5 months, from 28.V.2006-8.VI.2006 and 11.II.2007- 13.V.2007 from 8 different localities: Arabuko Sokoke Forest, Kimana Township, Lake Baringo National...

  17. Suez Energy Resources North America (Connecticut) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL ElecStrategicStories Home Energy DataEnergySudan:

  18. Suez Energy Resources North America (Delaware) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern IL ElecStrategicStories Home Energy DataEnergySudan:Suez

  19. Time-Dependent Interfacial Properties and DNAPL Mobility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tuck, D.M.

    1999-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Interfacial properties play a major role in governing where and how dense nonaqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs) move in the subsurface. Interfacial tension and contact angle measurements were obtained for a simple, single component DNAPL (tetrachloroethene, PCE), complex laboratory DNAPLs (PCE plus Sudan IV dye), and a field DNAPL from the Savannah River Site (SRS) M-Area DNAPL (PCE, trichloroethene [TCE], and maching oils). Interfacial properties for complex DNAPLs were time-dependent, a phenomenon not observed for PCE alone. Drainage capillary pressure-saturation curves are strongly influenced by interfacial properties. Therefore time-dependence will alter the nature of DNAPL migration and penetration. Results indicate that the time-dependence of PCE with relatively high Sudan IV dye concentrations is comparable to that of the field DNAPL. Previous DNAPL mobility experiments in which the DNAPL was dyed should be reviewed to determine whether time-dependent properties influenced the resutls. Dyes appear to make DNAPL more complex, and therefore a more realistic analog for field DNAPLs than single component DNAPLs.

  20. New interpretation of the so-called Nubian strata in northeast Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klitzsch, E.H.; Squyres, C.H.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stratigraphical interpretation of the so-called Nubian Sandstone of Egypt and northern Sudan have led to new ideas on the structural and paleogeographical development of northeast Africa. The strata formerly comprised under the term Nubian Sandstone include sediments from Cambrian to Paleocene age. Based on field work and paleontological investigations during the last 10 years, these strata can be subdivided into three major cycles, each characterizing a certain structural situation of northeast Africa. The first or Paleozoic cycle comprises strata of Cambrian to Early Carboniferous age. These strata were deposited during a period of generally northern dip of northeast Africa; continental sediments transported northward interfinger with marine strata resulting from southward transgressions. Sediments of the second cycle were deposited during and after Gondwana and northern continents collided, which caused updoming of large areas of Egypt and bordering areas to the west and east. As a result, most of Egypt became subject to erosion; transgressions remained near the present northern edge of the continent, and purely continental deposition took place in northern Sudan and bordering areas in Chad and Libya. The resulting strata are similar to the Karroo of East Africa. Strata of the third cycle were deposited after Pangea began to disintegrate. Northeast Africa now had a generally northern dip again, and consequently deposition was controlled - as during the first cycle - by northward drainage and southward transgressions. This last cycle began during Late Jurassic time.

  1. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. (BHP Petroleum, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia))

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  2. Energy and growth, a comparison of 13 industrial and developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leach, G.; Jarass, L.; Obermair, G.M.; Hoffmann, L.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The traditional approach to national energy issues and planning has been strongly supply oriented-planning has focused on aggregate quantities like fuel production, imports and exports, and how to meet growing demand by adding to supplies. The most serious flaw in this approach is that it dehumanizes energy planning by ignoring the major determinants and opportunities for change which lie at the level of individual people and their needs. This book demonstrates that sound energy planning must be rooted in a detailed understanding of energy demand and the social and economic activities which not only consume energy but also make up the pattern of life in a country. Its approach combines analysis of energy use with coverage of a wide sample of countries. The countries studied are UK, France, West Germany, USA, Japan, Philippines, Brazil, Portugal, Chile, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Kenya.

  3. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makeig, D.; Ross, R.

    1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This bibliography contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to countries of the Indian Subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research in the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned. The bibliography is divided into country sections preceded initially by a general interest and reference section. This first issue covers material published or copyrighted in 1981. Wherever the hard copy of the material being cited could be obtained, a brief abstract, review or summary is presented with the citation. Where existence of a work was reported or verified (e.g., through publishers` notices, review articles, etc.) but a hard copy could not be obtained, the article/book is merely cited without further description. All listings are by author, last name first, except where the author is unknown. In such cases, the work is listed by title.

  4. Research on farmers' objectives for tree breeding. Report of a workshop following a regional study in Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raintree, J.B.; Taylor, D.A.

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1989, a study of farmers' tree breeding objectives was carried out in 31 villages in 7 countries of Asia. These conference proceedings contain discussion of the study's findings and its methodology and recommendations for follow-up activities. The primary aim of the study was to describe 'ideotypes' (plant models designed to yield products of greater quality and quantity than a conventional cultivar or wild plant) of multipurpose trees desired by farmer respondents. The study's main conclusion is that farmers' tree-breeding objectives can be elicited by the methodology used, and factors related to local situations. Recommended follow-up activities include: (1) consultation which extends beyond farmers to include other interest groups within the community; and (2) a small-scale study of processes by which farmers improve trees, with consideration of a larger scale study if warranted. Individual reports discuss tree breeding in Thailand, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Nepal.

  5. Quantum Private Information Retrieval has linear communication complexity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ämin Baumeler; Anne Broadbent

    2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    In Private Information Retrieval (PIR), a client queries an n-bit database in order to retrieve an entry of her choice, while maintaining privacy of her query value. Chor, Goldreich, Kushilevitz, and Sudan showed that, in the information-theoretical setting, a linear amount of communication is required for classical PIR protocols (and thus that the trivial protocol is optimal). This linear lower bound was shown by Nayak to hold also in the quantum setting. Here, we extend Nayak's result by considering approximate privacy, and requiring security only against "specious" adversaries, which are, in analogy to classical honest-but-curious adversaries, the weakest reasonable quantum adversaries. We show that, even in this weakened scenario, Quantum Private Information Retrieval (QPIR) requires n qubits of communication. From this follows that Le Gall's recent QPIR protocol with sublinear communication complexity is not information-theoretically private, against the weakest reasonable cryptographic adversary.

  6. The effect of vitamin B?? on the embryonic development of the chick 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, Thomas Morgan

    1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    No. ?8, was used for the photomicrographs of liver sections stained with Sudan IV. 15 COMPOSITION OF PURIFIED SYNTHETIC-TYPE DIET DEFICIENT IN VITAMIN B12 TABLE I Ingredient d/o Sucrose 68.0 Soybean Protein 2i;.0 Soybean Oil 3.0 Salts IV 5....0 Inositol 1000.0 Choline Chloride 2000.0 Penicillin 33.0 Me thionine 7.5 gm Glycine U.o grn Vitamin A 10000.0 U.S.P Vitamin D3 2250.0 I.C.U 16 COMPOSITION OF PRACTICAL TYPE DIET FED TO HENS PROVIDING SOURCE OF EM3RY0S USED AS NORMAL CONTROLS TABLE...

  7. Crustal thinning between the Ethiopian and East African Plateaus from modeling Rayleigh wave dispersion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benoit, M H; Nyblade, A A; Pasyanos, M E

    2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The East African and Ethiopian Plateaus have long been recognized to be part of a much larger topographic anomaly on the African Plate called the African Superswell. One of the few places within the African Superswell that exhibit elevations of less than 1 km is southeastern Sudan and northern Kenya, an area containing both Mesozoic and Cenozoic rift basins. Crustal structure and uppermost mantle velocities are investigated in this area by modeling Rayleigh wave dispersion. Modeling results indicate an average crustal thickness of 25 {+-} 5 km, some 10-15 km thinner than the crust beneath the adjacent East African and Ethiopian Plateaus. The low elevations can therefore be readily attributed to an isostatic response from crustal thinning. Low Sn velocities of 4.1-4.3 km/s also characterize this region.

  8. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Licensed oil acreage in the 6 North Africa countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia) totaled 1,500,000 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1986, down 290,000 km/sup 2/ from 1985. About 50% of the relinquishments were in Libya. Most oil and gas discoveries were made in Egypt (16 oil and 2 gas). Several oil finds were reported in onshore Libya, and 1 was reported in Algeria in the southeastern Sahara. According to available statistics, development drilling decreased from 1985 levels, except in Tunisia. A 6.3% decline in oil production took place in 1986, falling below the 3 million bbl level (2,912,000 b/d). Only sparse data are released on the gas output in North Africa. 6 figures, 27 tables.

  9. Oil and gas developments in north Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Popescu, B.M.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recovery of international petroleum activity in 1987 was reflected slightly in the 6 North Africa countries covered in this report (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia). Licensed area increased marginally to about 2,594,000 km/sup 2/ (up 0.5% from 1986), whereas surface exploration and drilling decreased significantly (about 30% and 20%, respectively, from 1986 levels). The two OPEC-member countries adhered to imposed quotas, recording somewhat lower production levels in 1987 than in 1986; however, total production of the North Africa countries increased to 3,025,000 BOPD (up 2% from 1986) as Egypt recorded all-time highs for both liquids and natural gas production. 7 figs., 29 tabs.

  10. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,839,817 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1985, a decrease of 3% from the 1,896,446 km/sup 2/ held at the end of 1984. This decrease mainly is due to significant relinquishments made in Algeria, Egypt, and Tunisia. Morocco, however, had an increase of 18,087 km/sup 2/. Oil discoveries were reported in Algeria (possibly 5), Libya (at least 2), and Egypt (16). Only 1 gas find was made (in Morocco). According to sparse information, development drilling may have decreased markedly during 1985. Oil and condensate production increased by 3.1% to approximately 3,054,000 b/d compared to about 2,963,400 b/d in 1984. No statistics are currently available on gas production in North Africa. 8 figures, 27 tables.

  11. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicod, M.A.

    1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the 6 countries covered by this paper, valid petroleum rights at the end of 1981 amounted to 2,024,414 km/sup 2/ or 7% more than at the end of 1980. As far as the rightholding situation is concerned, the main event was the abandonment by Esso of all its rights in Libya. Information on exploration activity remains scarce, but it is estimated that seismic activity increased by 35%. Large air-magnetometry surveys were carried out in Sudan and Egypt. Exploration drilling activity continued to increase, with 169 wells completed versus 115 in 1980. This effort led to 67 oil and gas discoveries, a success rate of about 40% compared with 35% in 1980. All these discoveries were made in established producing provinces. Highly successful results were obtained in the Gulf of Suez with 1 gas and 19 oil discoveries compared with 4 discoveries in 1980. Good success was also obtained by ONAREP, the new Moroccan state company, with 5 gas discoveries out of 11 wells spudded during the year. Chevron continued to find oil in the interior basins of Sudan, and expects commercial production in 1984 from the Unity field, which has reserves estimated at 400 million bbl of oil. Oil production markedly decreased by about 23%, with an average of 2,820,000 BOPD in 1981. Oil output decreased in all the North African countries except Egypt, where it increased 8%. Utilized natural gas production can be estimated at about 2300 MMCFGD. Sonatrach published official figures for gross gas production in 1981 which amounted to 4420 MMCFGD, of which about 2000 MMCFGD were collected and utilized.

  12. Markets for rice husk-to-energy systems and equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Velupillai, L. [LSU Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Mahin, D.B. [International Energy Projects, Charlotte, NC (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A worldwide study of markets for U.S. equipment and systems for the production of energy from rice husks was conducted in 1995-96 by a team based at the Louisiana State University (LSU) Agricultural Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The project was carried out in cooperation with Agrilectric Power Inc. and Riceland Foods, Inc., and funded by the U.S. Department of Energy through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The study included: (a) a global overview of the rice industry, rice husk availability and utilization, and husk-to-energy technologies, and (b) case studies of husk utilization and potential markets for husk-to-energy systems and equipment in five countries - the United States, Italy, China, Thailand, and Sri Lanka. The case studies in Italy, China, and Thailand were based in each case on a field trip to the country by a member of the project team. The study covered the following husk-to-energy technologies: furnace and boiler systems, steam engine systems, steam turbine systems, and gasifier/engine systems.

  13. South Asia Water Resources Workshop: An effort to promote water quality data sharing in South Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RAJEN,GAURAV; BIRINGER,KENT L.; BETSILL,J. DAVID

    2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To promote cooperation in South Asia on environmental research, an international working group comprised of participants from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the US convened at the Soaltee Hotel in Kathmandu, Nepal, September 12 to 14, 1999. The workshop was sponsored in part by the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, through funding provided by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nonproliferation and National Security. The CMC promotes collaborations among scientists and researchers in regions throughout the world as a means of achieving common regional security objectives. In the long term, the workshop organizers and participants are interested in the significance of regional information sharing as a means to build confidence and reduce conflict. The intermediate interests of the group focus on activities that might eventually foster regional management of some aspects of water resources utilization. The immediate purpose of the workshop was to begin the implementation phase of a project to collect and share water quality information at a number of river and coastal estuary locations throughout the region. The workshop participants achieved four objectives: (1) gaining a better understanding of the partner organizations involved; (2) garnering the support of existing regional organizations promoting environmental cooperation in South Asia; (3) identifying sites within the region at which data is to be collected; and (4) instituting a data and information collection and sharing process.

  14. CMC Participation in the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (RCSS) Workshop: Defense, Technology and Cooperative Security in South Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biringer, K.L.; Olsen, J.

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As an ongoing part of the collaborative efforts between the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) at Sandia National Laboratories, the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), staff from the CMC served as faculty in conducting a workshop in Shanghai, China. Sponsor of the workshop was the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (RCSS) based in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The workshop included participants from throughout South Asia and China. The CMC presented four sessions related to the role of monitoring technologies in promoting regional security and building confidence among nations. Participation in these workshops supports U.S. efforts to further regional cooperation and promote arms control, nonproliferation and other cooperative securily measures and supplements efforts funded by DOE and ACDA over the past four years. The RCSS Shanghai meeting permitted a continued CMC involvement in regionally conducted training for anew generation of leaders in government, the military, and academia throughout South Asia and China. Nuclear issues are clearly a dominant South Asian concern since the nuclear tests of May 1998. However, there remains a strong interest in identifying opportunities for increased trade and reduced tensions in other areas. The RCSS and other regional organizations are enthusiastic about continued CMC involvement in future regional courses.

  15. Forestry management for sustainable development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D'Silva, E.; Appanah, S.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Forests in the developing world are in crisis. Nowhere is this more acute than in Asia: though one-third of the land mass is covered with forests, this ratio is shrinking rapidly at the rate of 2 million hectares per year. By current trends, half of the original 725 million hectares will disappear by the year 2000. The dramatic declines will occur in India, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Thailand. Some of the economic costs of deforestation are obvious. Timber export has long been an important income earner (eg, it is a second major export after oil earning $4.2 billion in 1991 for Indonesia and $3.8 billion in 1992 for Malaysia). Some of the losses from deforestation are of concern to the world community. China, India, Indonesia, and Malaysia are among the 12 'mega-diversity' countries in which half of the earth's plant and animal species are to be found. (Copyright (c) 1993 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank.)

  16. Assessment of solar and wind energy resources in Ethiopia. I. Solar energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drake, F.; Mulugetta, Y. [Univ. of Leeds (United Kingdom)] [Univ. of Leeds (United Kingdom)

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes how data from a variety of sources are merged to present new countrywide maps of the solar energy distribution over Ethiopia. The spatial coverage of stations with radiation data was found to be unsatisfactory for the purpose of a countrywide solar energy assessment exercise. Therefore, radiation had to be predicted from sunshine hours by employing empirical models. Using data from seven stations in Ethiopia, linear and quadratic correlation relationships between monthly mean daily solar radiation and sunshine hours per day have been developed. These regional models show a distinct improvement over previously employed countrywide models. To produce a national solar-energy distribution profile, a spatial extension of the radiation/sunshine relationships had to be carried out. To do this, the intercepts(a) and slopes(b) of each of the seven linear regression equations and another six from previous studies, completed in neighbouring Sudan, Kenya and Yemen, were used to interpolate the corresponding values to areas between them. Subsequent to these procedures, 142 stations providing only sunshine data were assigned their `appropriate` a and b values to estimate the amount of solar radiation received, which was then used to produce annual and monthly solar radiation distribution maps for Ethiopia. The results show that in all regions solar energy is an abundant resource. 19 refs., 11 figs., 4 tabs.

  17. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  18. Landau damping effects on dust-acoustic solitary waves in a dusty negative-ion plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barman, Arnab; Misra, A. P., E-mail: apmisra@visva-bharati.ac.in, E-mail: apmisra@gmail.com [Department of Mathematics, Siksha Bhavana, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan 731 235, West Bengal (India)

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The nonlinear theory of dust-acoustic waves (DAWs) with Landau damping is studied in an unmagnetized dusty negative-ion plasma in the extreme conditions when the free electrons are absent. The cold massive charged dusts are described by fluid equations, whereas the two-species of ions (positive and negative) are described by the kinetic Vlasov equations. A Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation with Landau damping, governing the dynamics of weakly nonlinear and weakly dispersive DAWs, is derived following Ott and Sudan [Phys. Fluids 12, 2388 (1969)]. It is shown that for some typical laboratory and space plasmas, the Landau damping (and the nonlinear) effects are more pronounced than the finite Debye length (dispersive) effects for which the KdV soliton theory is not applicable to DAWs in dusty pair-ion plasmas. The properties of the linear phase velocity, solitary wave amplitudes (in presence and absence of the Landau damping) as well as the Landau damping rate are studied with the effects of the positive ion to dust density ratio (?{sub pd}) as well as the ratios of positive to negative ion temperatures (?) and masses (m)

  19. Petroleum developments in North Africa in 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicod, M.A.

    1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the 6 countries covered by this report, the extent of valid petroleum rights, seismic work, and drilling was nearly the same as in 1978. The success rate of wildcat drilling decreased slightly, to 28% (33% in 1978), with 26 oil or gas discoveries. In southwestern Tunisia, the Amoco Sabrina Nord 1 tested 930 bbl of 39/sup 0/ APl oil from Cambrian-Ordovician sandstones - the first oil to come from lower Paleozoic rocks in Tunisia. First commercial oil from Cambrian-Ordovician rocks in western Libya was discovered by Agip A1-NC40 which flowed 1,400 b/d. Highlight of the year in North Africa was in the interior basin of Sudan where the Chevron Abu Gabra 1 tested 900 BOPD of 40/sup 0/ APl oil from Cretaceous rocks; 2 other wells, spudded in late 1979 in the same area, have tested 3,200 and 7,300 b/d, respectively, in early 1980. Discovery well of the interior basin was Chevron Unity 1 which tested small amounts of oil in 1978. Oil production in North Africa in 1979 averaged 3,939,500 b/d compared with 3,802,800 b/d in 1978, an increase of 3.6%.

  20. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/11: Cooperative Environmental Monitoring in the Coastal Regions of India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajen, Gauray

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cessation of hostilities between India and Pakistan is an immediate need and of global concern, as these countries have tested nuclear devices, and have the capability to deploy nuclear weapons and long-range ballistic missiles. Cooperative monitoring projects among neighboring countries in South Asia could build regional confidence, and, through gradual improvements in relations, reduce the threat of war and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This paper discusses monitoring the trans-border movement of flow and sediment in the Indian and Pakistani coastal areas. Through such a project, India and Pakistan could initiate greater cooperation, and engender movement towards the resolution of the Sir Creek territorial dispute in their coastal region. The Joint Working Groups dialogue being conducted by India and Pakistan provides a mechanism for promoting such a project. The proposed project also falls within a regional framework of cooperation agreed to by several South Asian countries. This framework has been codified in the South Asian Seas Action Plan, developed by Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. This framework provides a useful starting point for Indian and Pakistani cooperative monitoring in their trans-border coastal area. The project discussed in this paper involves computer modeling, the placement of in situ sensors for remote data acquisition, and the development of joint reports. Preliminary computer modeling studies are presented in the paper. These results illustrate the cross-flow connections between Indian and Pakistani coastal regions and strengthen the argument for cooperation. Technologies and actions similar to those suggested for the coastal project are likely to be applied in future arms control and treaty verification agreements. The project, therefore, serves as a demonstration of cooperative monitoring technologies. The project will also increase people-to-people contacts among Indian and Pakistani policy makers and scientists. In the perceptions of the general public, the project will crystallize the idea that the two countries share ecosystems and natural resources, and have a vested interest in increased collaboration.

  1. Far East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fletcher, G.L.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum activity throughout the Far East region was on the upswing during 1980. In spite of increased interest in many parts of the Far East, no major new discoveries were reported. From India to Indonesia, old fields are being rehabilitated and previously uneconomic areas are being looked at again. Indonesia set a new record in 1980 for the number of exploratory wells drilled. Peninsular Malaysia set a record for oil production. Overall, however, 1980 was a banner year for petroleum exploration in the Far East. Sri Lanka saw its first foreign contractor interest in several years. India made major moves toward increasing exploration by offering offshore and onshore blocks to foreign contractors . Bangladesh and even Burma signed exploitation contracts with Japanese investors in order to increase production. Malaysia offered new acreage blocks for the first time in several years. Indonesia and the Philippines also actively encouraged exploration by offering new contract areas. One country in the Far East that did not participate in the 1980 oil boom was China. Taiwan also carried on, as in previous years with the Chinese Petroleum Corporation as the only operator. Japanese and South Korean activities were at approximately the same level as in previous years, although drilling did start in the joint development zone. Total production of the Far East reporting region declined slightly. One significant aspect of 1980 petroleum activities throughout the Far East region is the growing acceptance by various Far East countries of Asian investment for developing and exploring for hydrocarbons. Japan is the major investor, but South Korean interests and the Chinese Petroleum Corporation also began to invest in petroleum rights in other Asian countries. The main area for investment continued to be Indonesia. 39 figures, 9 tables.

  2. Stratigraphy and rifting history of the Mesozoic-Cenozoic Anza rift, Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winn, R.D. Jr.; Steinmetz, J.C. (Marathon Oil Co., Littleton, CO (United States)); Kerekgyarto, W.L. (Marathon Oil Co., Houston, TX (United States))

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lithological and compositional relationships, thicknesses, and palynological data from drilling cuttings from five wells in the Anza rift, Kenya, indicate active rifting during the Late Cretaceous and Eocene-Oligocene. The earlier rifting possibly started in the Santonian-Coniacian, primarily occurred in the Campanian, and probably extended into the Maastrichtian. Anza rift sedimentation was in lacustrine, lacustrine-deltaic, fluvial, and flood-basin environments. Inferred synrift intervals in wells are shalier, thicker, more compositionally immature, and more poorly sorted than Lower Cretaceous ( )-lower Upper Cretaceous and upper Oligocene( )-Miocene interrift deposits. Synrift sandstone is mostly feldspathic or arkosic wacke. Sandstone deposited in the Anza basin during nonrift periods is mostly quartz arenite, and is coarser and has a high proportion of probable fluvial deposits relative to other facies. Volcanic debris is absent in sedimentary strata older than Pliocene-Holocene, although small Cretaceous intrusions are present in the basin. Cretaceous sandstone is cemented in places by laumontite, possibly recording Campanian extension. Early Cretaceous history of the Anza basin is poorly known because of the limited strata sampled; Jurassic units were not reached. Cretaceous rifting in the Anza basin was synchronous with rifting in Sudan and with the breakup and separation of South America and Africa; these events likely were related. Eocene-Oligocene extension in the Anza basin reflects different stresses. The transition from active rifting to passive subsidence in the Anza basin at the end of the Neogene, in turn, records a reconfigured response of east African plates to stresses and is correlated with formation of the East Africa rift.

  3. North Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicod, M.A.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The total area covered by petroleum rights in the six countries described in this paper increased by more than 17% in 1980 compared to 1979. Joint venture agreements were finalized for 19 blocks over 94,000 km/sup 2/ in the Algerian venture. Although official information is scarce for Algeria and Libya, seismic activity probably increased in 1980 compared to 1979. Exploration drilling activity increased with 121 wildcats drilled compared to 93 during the previous year. This effort led to 40 discoveries, a 34.5% success ratio. Chevron was especially successful in wildcatting, with 6 oil discoveries for 8 wells drilled in the interior basins of Sudan. One Moroccan discovery can be considered as a highlight: the BRPM Meskala 101 well in the Essaouira basin found an apparently large amount of gas in Triassic sandstones. This discovery deserves special attention, since the gas has been found in Triassic pays rather than in the usual Jurassic pays in the Essaouira basin. Oil production in North Africa decreased from about 13.5% in 1980, with about 3,405,000 barrels of oil per day compared to 3,939,500 barrels of oil per day in 1979. When oil output strongly decreased in Algeria (-16.4%) and Libya (-15.6%), Tunisian production peaked at 116,287 barrels of oil per day and Egypt production also peaked at 584,148 barrels of oil per day. Total gas production in 1980 strongly declined from 44%, mostly due to the decline of the Algerian gas production. 8 figures, 40 tables.

  4. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

    2008-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such products. A contract has been competitively awarded to the Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) under the Lighting Africa Program to select and test ten solar lantern product models. Lantern selection will be determined based on a number of criteria, among them, the ability to provide a daily duty cycle of at least 3 hours of light, the number of days of autonomy of battery, the volume of sales (especially in Africa), and whether or not the manufacturing facility is ISO 9000 certified. Those that are confirmed as meeting the specifications may be eligible to receive a PVGAP quality seal. The work is being carried out in partnership with the Photovoltaic and Wind Quality Test Center in Beijing, China and TUV Rhineland in Koeln, Germany. As off-grid LED-based stand-alone lighting products is in a nascent stage of development compared to CFL-based lanterns, Lighting Africa will support the development of a 'Quality Screening' approach to selecting LED lighting, in order not to delay consumers benefiting from such advances. The screening methodology could be used by procurement agencies to qualify LED lighting products for bulk or programmatic procurements. The main elements of this work comprises of developing a procurement specification and test procedure for undertaking a 'quick' quality/usability screening to be used for procuring LED lights and to test up to 30 LED-based lights to screen products that meet the requirement. The second strategy is intended to meet a longer-term need associated with creating a self-sustaining product quality assurance program that will effectively protect the African consumer, prevent significant market spoiling, adapt with expected technological advancements over the long-term--in other words, give consumers the ability to detect quality products and the information needed to find products that meet their specific needs from among the myriad of lighting products that become available commercially. Workshop discussions and the discussions evolving from the workshop led the Lighting Africa team to opt for an approach similar to that of th

  5. Opportunities for regional harmonization of appliance standards and l abeling program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McNeil, Michael A.

    2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The South Asian Regional Initiative for Energy (SARI/Energy) calls for a series of activities to promote Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling (EES&L) of end use appliances in the region. In pursuit of this goal, the project supports several seminars and meetings that bring together policymakers and stakeholders from throughout the region. The purpose of these gatherings is to encourage a dialogue among participants as to the benefits and barriers associated with EES&L programs. In addition, it is the role of the program organizers to provide participants with the technical details necessary to make progress towards effective efficiency programs. One component of the initiative is to encourage the harmonization (alignment) of existing program components, and the pursuit of new programs coordinated at the regional level. In support of this goal, the report provides information aimed at motivating and enabling cooperative activities which will provide concrete benefits to programs in each country, whether well developed, or still in the initial planning stage. It should be emphasized that the underlying objective of the harmonization component of the SARI/Energy project is to increase the potential for success of EES&L programs of all countries involved, and to reduce burdens on manufacturers, exporters and importers in each country. Harmonization ''for it's own sake'' is not desirable, nor is it suggested that policymakers should bring their programs in line with international norms if doing so would present a disadvantage to their own efficiency programs, or to commercial interests within their country. If there is no such disadvantage, however, the program encourages alignment of policies and provides a forum at which this alignment can be pursued. The report covers several main topics, with varying emphasis. First, a general discussion of the motivation for an explicit policy of regional harmonization is given. Next, the current status of existing programs in the region are discussed in some detail. The section that follows covers the harmonization of efficiency test procedures. Special attention is given to this component of an EES&L program because it is the most critical element in terms of harmonization--having incompatible test procedures between trade partners can greatly impact the effectiveness of a program, and it can also unduly impact trade. Currently, policymakers in India and Sri Lanka are collaborating with the goal of aligning refrigerator test procedures used in their respective programs. For this reason, the section on test procedures of refrigerators goes into a significant amount of technical detail, in order to provide the clearest possible articulation of issues to be resolved in bringing the procedures into alignment. Following the discussion of test procedures, the report contains a section each on harmonization of efficiency rating levels, development of label designs, and enforcement issues. The report is organized such that the sections covering current programs and test procedures are subdivided by target appliance. These sections are further divided by country, where applicable. Each section is concluded with recommendations.

  6. Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S

    2001-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFOTM exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer-coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the center-point of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SAS{trademark} access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).

  7. Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFO{trademark} exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer- coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the centerpoint of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SASTM access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).

  8. Fiscalini Farms Biomass Energy Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    William Stringfellow; Mary Kay Camarillo; Jeremy Hanlon; Michael Jue; Chelsea Spier

    2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this final report describes and documents research that was conducted by the Ecological Engineering Research Program (EERP) at the University of the Pacific (Stockton, CA) under subcontract to Fiscalini Farms LP for work under the Assistance Agreement DE-EE0001895 'Measurement and Evaluation of a Dairy Anaerobic Digestion/Power Generation System' from the United States Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory. Fiscalini Farms is operating a 710 kW biomass-energy power plant that uses bio-methane, generated from plant biomass, cheese whey, and cattle manure via mesophilic anaerobic digestion, to produce electricity using an internal combustion engine. The primary objectives of the project were to document baseline conditions for the anaerobic digester and the combined heat and power (CHP) system used for the dairy-based biomass-energy production. The baseline condition of the plant was evaluated in the context of regulatory and economic constraints. In this final report, the operation of the plant between start-up in 2009 and operation in 2010 are documented and an interpretation of the technical data is provided. An economic analysis of the biomass energy system was previously completed (Appendix A) and the results from that study are discussed briefly in this report. Results from the start-up and first year of operation indicate that mesophilic anaerobic digestion of agricultural biomass, combined with an internal combustion engine, is a reliable source of alternative electrical production. A major advantage of biomass energy facilities located on dairy farms appears to be their inherent stability and ability to produce a consistent, 24 hour supply of electricity. However, technical analysis indicated that the Fiscalini Farms system was operating below capacity and that economic sustainability would be improved by increasing loading of feedstocks to the digester. Additional operational modifications, such as increased utilization of waste heat and better documentation of potential of carbon credits, would also improve the economic outlook. Analysis of baseline operational conditions indicated that a reduction in methane emissions and other greenhouse gas savings resulted from implementation of the project. The project results indicate that using anaerobic digestion to produce bio-methane from agricultural biomass is a promising source of electricity, but that significant challenges need to be addressed before dairy-based biomass energy production can be fully integrated into an alternative energy economy. The biomass energy facility was found to be operating undercapacity. Economic analysis indicated a positive economic sustainability, even at the reduced power production levels demonstrated during the baseline period. However, increasing methane generation capacity (via the importation of biomass codigestate) will be critical for increasing electricity output and improving the long-term economic sustainability of the operation. Dairy-based biomass energy plants are operating under strict environmental regulations applicable to both power-production and confined animal facilities and novel approached are being applied to maintain minimal environmental impacts. The use of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) for nitrous oxide control and a biological hydrogen sulfide control system were tested at this facility. Results from this study suggest that biomass energy systems can be compliant with reasonable scientifically based air and water pollution control regulations. The most significant challenge for the development of biomass energy as a viable component of power production on a regional scale is likely to be the availability of energy-rich organic feedstocks. Additionally, there needs to be further development of regional expertise in digester and power plant operations. At the Fiscalini facility, power production was limited by the availability of biomass for methane generation, not the designed system capacity. During the baseline study period, feedstocks included manure, sudan grass silage, and

  9. Three Blind Men and the Elephant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Long, J S

    2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Just like the blind men in the popular story of perceiving the elephant, the three major constituencies participating in the energy debate have greatly different perceptions of the problem. The constituency that is worried about climate change believes the energy problem is caused by profligate use of fossil fuel that has dramatically changed our atmosphere. The energy security group sees dangerous reliance on foreign sources of oil increasingly held by countries hostile to the US. The economic vitality group sees high energy prices and their effect on the economy and our life-style. Just like the blind men, each of the three constituencies perceives a different problem. And just as with the blind men, while each perspective is right as a piece of the elephant, it takes all the perspectives together to actually solve the problem. Environmentalists focus on solutions responding to the scientific consensus that greenhouse gases are creating rapid climate change. The tipping point has come: it is now a consensus position among scientists the global warming is being affected by anthropogenic activity to 90% certainty according to the last IPCC report. Although they still struggle with the prediction of how much global temperatures will rise if we do nothing--is it 5 deg or 10 under BAU? This group believes that we cannot afford to take a chance because we get only one chance. We can not afford to do this kind of experiment with the Earth. Any choice which decreases our CO{sub 2} footprint is favored, even if it means a decrease in standard of living. The energy security constituency sees the geo-politics of oil becoming increasingly dire. They look at oil money being used to fund anti-American activities of groups such as the Wahabis in Saudi Arabia, Hezbollah in Lebanon and the infamous Al Qaeda. They quip that the Iraq war is the first war where we are paying for both sides. They note Iran and the Shia throughout the Middle East seeing the possibility of controlling 2/3 of the world's oil. They see oil and gas being used by Russia to exert political power using the gas tap and Hugo Chavez in Venezuela clearly anti-American and now a virtual dictator who controls 15% of our oil imports. Conflicts in Nigeria over oil wealth and corruption affected our oil supply. Countries such as China are at best unwilling to join political action against countries such as Sudan that supply them oil, and at worst, selling them arms in order to cement their relationships with respect to importing oil. This security constituency favors ending our vulnerability by ending our ''addiction to foreign oil''. This group thinks that there is no domestic source of energy that is bad. They will be happy to see our corn turned into ethanol; our coal turned into liquid fuel for transportation. No matter that the price of tortillas doubles in Mexico, we expand corn farming at the expense of the environment, our tanks and pipes in gas stations corrode and leak, or we make liquid fuel from coal, thus increasing the carbon footprint by 30% per unit of energy. The economic vitality group sees increasing international demand for oil occurring simultaneously with a peaking supply of light sweet crude. They see an oil market where higher prices drive more production of oil which is heavier and more sour (supply follows demand). However, fast growth in world-wide demand increases even faster and prices will go up. For example, China adds 10,000 cars per month, and there is an uncanny correlation between the price of oil and the amount of oil imported by China. The security contingent also worries about reliability of supply as affected by pipeline leaks in Alaska or hurricanes or potential terrorism. This constituency thinks the problem is one of capacity and favors solutions that will increase oil production, reservoirs, pipelines and refineries. They believe that the energy system will be determined by the market and want solutions that favor investment in capacity. What the environmentalists don't seem to get is climate change by itself will fail to gather b