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1

Sudan and South Sudan  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

defense forces and government salaries. South Sudans oil shutdown will affect both economies. The IMF estimates that, apart from the oil shutdown, ...

2

Sudan and South Sudan - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petro Energy E&P: CNPC: China: 95: Sudapet: Sudan: 5: Star Oil: Ansan Wikfs: Yemen: 66: Sudapet: Sudan: 34:

3

Suriname: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Suriname: Energy Resources Suriname: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":4,"lon":-56,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

4

Sudan and South Sudan - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Production was disrupted at the Heglig field in Block 2 for several months in mid-2012 after military clashes between Sudan and South Sudan resulted in a temporary ...

5

Suriname - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude Oil Production: 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 ... Central & South America World. Rank . Suriname: Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels

6

Suriname-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Suriname-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Suriname-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name Suriname-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Suriname South America References CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework[1]

7

Geology of the Tambaredjo oil field, Suriname  

SciTech Connect

After the initial discovery in the sixties of oil below the coastal plain of Suriname (S. America), the State Oil Company of Suriname started production of the unique Tambaredjo field in 1982. The heavy, biodegraded oil (14-16[degrees] API) is produced under compaction drive, from the Paleocene T-sand (average thickness 5 m) at a depth of about 300 m. More than 300 wells have been drilled in an area of about 200 km[sup 2]. High resolution seismics makes it possible to correlate units down to 2 m thick. This dense network of bore holes is very suitable for geological correlations and 3D modeling. The T-sand reservoir consists of angular, medium to coarse grained unconsolidated sands with interfingering clays and lignites. The sands are deposited on a well cemented erosional Cretaceous basement. The reservoir is sealed by locally continuous clays. The oil is trapped in structural highs created by syn-sedimentary rejuvenated basement faults. The depositional environment of the T-sand ranges from fluviatile to deltaic. Frequent avulsion and synsedimentary faulting created a highly compartmented reservoir. Although interconnectedness of the sand bodies is high, clay smears and silting out of the edges confine reservoir compartments. The best genetic sand units such as channel fills or mouth bar deposits hardly correlate over more than a few hundred meters. The Tambaredjo oil field offers an unique opportunity to study the detailed sedimentology and petroleum geology of a fluvio-deltaic transitional realm on the passive margin along the Guiana coast.

Dronkert, H. (Delft Univ. of Technology (Netherlands)); Wong, T.E. (Geological Survey of the Netherlands, Haarlem (Netherlands))

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Sudan and South Sudan Overview - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Southern Sudan region (1955-1972 and 1983-2005). ... benchmark for the crude oil price. The pipeline stretches 850 miles, and its design (maximum) ...

9

Sri Lanka | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): 50 m wind power density (W/m2) maps of Sri Lanka (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within Sri Lanka, with supplemental information on political boundaries, transmission lines, roads, and terrain relief. Source NREL Date Released June 30th, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords GEF GIS maps NREL Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP wind Data application/zip icon Download Maps (zip, 799.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset

10

OpenEI - Sri Lanka  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

http:en.openei.orgdatasetstaxonomyterm2690 en Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 400m resolution for Sri Lanka from NREL http:en.openei.orgdatasets...

11

Suriname-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Suriname-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Suriname-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Agency/Company /Organization Inter-American Development Bank, World Watch Institute (WWI) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -Roadmap, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations

12

Apollo Solar Lanka Limited ASLL | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Limited ASLL Limited ASLL Jump to: navigation, search Name Apollo Solar Lanka Limited (ASLL) Place Nugegoda, Sri Lanka Zip 10250 Sector Solar Product Sri Lankan company that is developing both PV & thermal solar technologies. References Apollo Solar Lanka Limited (ASLL)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Apollo Solar Lanka Limited (ASLL) is a company located in Nugegoda, Sri Lanka . References ↑ "Apollo Solar Lanka Limited (ASLL)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Apollo_Solar_Lanka_Limited_ASLL&oldid=342235" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages

13

Sri Lanka: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka: Energy Resources Sri Lanka: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":7,"lon":81,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

14

Sudan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sudan: Energy Resources Sudan: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":15,"lon":30,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

15

Sri Lanka-DLR Cooperation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lanka-DLR Cooperation Lanka-DLR Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name Sri Lanka-DLR Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization German Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Resource assessment Resource Type Software/modeling tools, Dataset, Maps Website http://www.dlr.de/tt/desktopde Program Start 2001 Program End 2004 Country Sri Lanka Southern Asia References DLR-SWERA Resource Assessments[1] From 2001 to 2004 the German Aerospace Center (DLR) worked with Sri Lanka on solar resource and GIS analysis as part of UNEP's Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Programme. References ↑ "DLR-SWERA Resource Assessments" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Sri_Lanka-DLR_Cooperation&oldid=329224"

16

Technical Report - Sri Lanka and the Maldives Wind Energy Resource  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka and the Maldives Wind Energy Resource Assessment (Abstract):This document describes the development of detailed high-resolution (1 km2) wind energy...

17

OTEC thermal resource report for Sri Lanka  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The water surrounding the island of Sri Lanka has a temperature difference resource which is more than adequate for potential OTEC use. The temperature resource was examined between 5--10/sup 0/ North latitude and 78--83/sup 0/ East longitude. This area includes the surrounding waters on all sides of Sri Lanka. There is a large area north and northwest of the island where there is insufficient depth to provide the needed cold water supply. The annual average ..delta..T at 1000 meters is 21.3/sup 0/C. An annual average ..delta..T greater than 20/sup 0/C is available at 800 meters. The temperature is very consistent at depths with little difference between the coldest monthly mean temperature and the warmest. The area has an upper mixed layer the entire year, (deepest in January--February and shallowest in the fall). Winds and storms are not a major problem for this site, although there are occasional tropical storms or hurricanes. Low to moderate sea and swell conditions generally dominate throughout the year. The surface currents are generally moderate throughout the year, changing direction with the shifting monsoons.

Wolff, W. A.

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Epochal Changes in ENSOStreamflow Relationships in Sri Lanka  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an effort to use climate predictions for streamflow and malaria hazard prediction, the decadal variability of the El NioSouthern Oscillation (ENSO) influence on streamflow and rainfall in the Kelani River in Sri Lanka was investigated based ...

Lareef Zubair; Janaki Chandimala

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Wind Energy Resource Atlas of Sri Lanka and the Maldives  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Wind Energy Resource Atlas of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, produced by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) wind resource group identifies the wind characteristics and distribution of the wind resource in Sri Lanka and the Maldives. The detailed wind resource maps and other information contained in the atlas facilitate the identification of prospective areas for use of wind energy technologies, both for utility-scale power generation and off-grid wind energy applications.

Elliott, D.; Schwartz, M.; Scott, G.; Haymes, S.; Heimiller, D.; George, R.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment for Sri Lanka  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka Sri Lanka provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Sri Lanka provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2002 and 2003. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lanka sudan suriname" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

From Kovils to Devales: Patronage and "Influence" at Buddhist and Hindu Temples in Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Sri Lanka Part I. Battaramulla: Mendis Rohanadeera, 1996.A. Skeen, 1892. ___. and A. Mendis Gunasekara Mudaliyar. deities. H. C. P bell and A. Mendis Gunasekara Mudaliyar,

Meegama, Sujatha Arundathi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Feasibility of an appliance energy testing and labeling program for Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Residential Electricity Tariffs in Sri Lanka Electricity Used First 30 units 31 - 90 units 91 - 180 units Above 180 units Rate (

Biermayer, Peter; Busch, John; Hakim, Sajid; Turiel, Issac; du Pont, Peter; Stone, Chris

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Wind and Solar Resource Assessment of Sri Lanka and the Maldives (CD-ROM)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Wind and Solar Resource Assessment of Sri Lanka and the Maldives CD contains an electronic version of Wind Energy Resource Atlas of Sri Lanka and the Maldives (NREL/TP-500-34518), Solar Resource Assessment for Sri Lanka and the Maldives (NREL/TO-710-34645), Sri Lanka Wind Farm Analysis and Site Selection Assistance (NREL/SR-500-34646), GIS Data Viewer (software and data files with a readme file), and Hourly Solar and Typical Meteorological Year Data with a readme file.

Elliott, D.; Schwartz, M.; Scott, G.; Haymes, S.; Heimiller, D.; George, R.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Feasibility of an appliance energy testing and labeling program for Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

average monthly electricity bill of the survey respondents19% of an average household electricity bill or reducing theof Sri Lanka in electricity bills. However, it is likely

Biermayer, Peter; Busch, John; Hakim, Sajid; Turiel, Issac; du Pont, Peter; Stone, Chris

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Solar Resource Assessment for Sri Lanka and Maldives  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The countries of Sri Lanka and the Maldives lie within the equatorial belt, a region where substantial solar energy resources exist throughout much of the year in adequate quantities for many applications, including solar water heating, solar electricity, and desalination. The extent of solar resources in Sri Lanka has been estimated in the past based on a study of the daily total direct sunshine hours recorded at a number of weather and agricultural stations throughout the country. These data have been applied to the well-known Angstrom relationship in order to obtain an estimate of the distribution of monthly average daily total solar resources at these stations. This study is an effort in improve on these estimates in two ways: (1) to apply a gridded cloud cover database at a 40-km resolution to produce updated monthly average daily total estimates of all solar resources (global horizontal, DNI, and diffuse) for the country, and (2) to input hourly or three-hourly cloud cover observations made at nine weather stations in Sri Lanka and two in the Maldives into a solar model that produces estimates of hourly solar radiation values of the direct normal, global, and diffuse resource covering the length of the observational period. Details and results of these studies are summarized in this report.

Renne, D.; George, R.; Marion, B.; Heimiller, D.; Gueymard, C.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

File:Sri Lanka Wind Resource Map.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka Wind Resource Map.pdf Sri Lanka Wind Resource Map.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Sri Lanka Wind Resource Map Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 1.85 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) This map was produced by NREL with technical assistance from TrueWind Solutions and with funding from the U.S. Agency for International Development. Description Sri Lanka Wind Resource Map Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Wind Creation Date 2004-06 Extent International Countries Sri Lanka UN Region Southern Asia File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

27

Technical Report - Sri Lanka and the Maldives Wind Energy Resource  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka and the Maldives Wind Energy Resource Sri Lanka and the Maldives Wind Energy Resource Assessment Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This document describes the development of detailed high-resolution (1 km2) wind energy resource maps for Sri Lanka and the Maldives. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within Sri Lanka and the Maldives. Source NREL Date Released August 21st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated August 21st, 2006 (8 years ago) Keywords documentation GEF GIS Maldives NREL Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP wind Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 30.1 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2006 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Restrictions to use (Use Constraints): This GIS data was developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory ("NREL"), which is operated by the Midwest Research Institute for the U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE"). The user is granted the right, without any fee or cost, to use, copy, modify, alter, enhance and distribute this data for any purpose whatsoever, provided that this entire notice appears in all copies of the data. Further, the user of this data agrees to credit NREL in any publications or software that incorporate or use the data. Access to and use of the GIS data shall further impose the following obligations on the User. The names DOE/NREL may not be used in any advertising or publicity to endorse or promote any product or commercial entity using or incorporating the GIS data unless specific written authorization is obtained from DOE/NREL. The User also understands that DOE/NREL shall not be obligated to provide updates, support, consulting, training or assistance of any kind whatsoever with regard to the use of the GIS data. THE GIS DATA IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL DOE/NREL BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO CLAIMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE LOSS OF DATA OR PROFITS, WHICH MAY RESULT FROM AN ACTION IN CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS CLAIM THAT ARISES OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE ACCESS OR USE OF THE GIS DATA. The User acknowledges that access to the GIS data is subject to U.S. Export laws and regulations and any use or transfer of the GIS data must be authorized under those regulations. The User shall not use, distribute, transfer, or transmit GIS data or any products incorporating the GIS data except in compliance with U.S. export regulations. If requested by DOE/NREL, the User agrees to sign written assurances and other export-related documentation as may be required to comply with U.S. export regulations.

28

The Solar Orientation of the Lion Rock Complex in Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses the solar orientation of the archaeological complex of Sigiriya, the Lion Rock, in Sri Lanka. We can see that the axis of this complex is oriented with the sunset of the zenithal sun.

Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

The trouser under the cloth : Ceylon/Sri Lanka, personal space in the decolonization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the processes of decolonization in Ceylon/Sri Lanka, through the expressions of personal space surrounding the event of political independence. Personal space is understood as dress, manners, and ...

Pieris, Anoma D. (Anoma Darshani)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

The Relationship Between Eastern Equatorial Pacific Sea Surface Temperatures and Rainfall over India and Sri Lanka  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monsoon season (JuneSeptember) precipitation data from 31 Indian subdivisions and mean monthly precipitation data from 35 Indian and Sri Lanka stations, spanning the period 187579, were analyzed to determine the relationship between equatorial ...

Eugene M. Rasmusson; Thomas H. Carpenter

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Understanding the Changing Characteristics of Droughts in Sudan and the Corresponding Components of the Hydrologic Cycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Droughts are becoming the most expensive natural disasters in former Sudan and have exerted serious impacts on local economic development and ecological environment. The purpose of this paper is to improve understanding of the temporal and spatial ...

Zengxin Zhang; Chong-Yu Xu; Bin Yong; Junjun Hu; Zhonghua Sun

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

DOE's General Counsel Determines Sudan Act Does Not Bar Areva Enrichment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE's General Counsel Determines Sudan Act Does Not Bar Areva DOE's General Counsel Determines Sudan Act Does Not Bar Areva Enrichment Services LLC Loan Application DOE's General Counsel Determines Sudan Act Does Not Bar Areva Enrichment Services LLC Loan Application December 28, 2009 - 10:57am Addthis Washington, DC - The Office of General Counsel was recently asked whether the Sudan Accountability and Divestment Act of 2007 barred the Department from considering a loan guarantee application submitted by Areva Enrichment Services LLC to help fund a uranium enrichment facility in Idaho. The simple answer is no. The Act, as passed by Congress, applies only to government procurements. It does not apply to financial assistance programs or loan guarantee programs. The Act, as passed by Congress, also applies only to the investments of the actual offerors (or contractors) for

33

The epidemiology of low vision and blindness associated with trichiasis in southern Sudan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, 3Christian Mission Aid, Nairobi, Kenya, Africa, 4Family Health International, Nairobi, Kenya, Africa, 5Lighthouse For Christ Eye Centre, Mombasa, Kenya, Africa, 6Ministry of Health, Government of Southern Sudan, Juba, Sudan, Africa and 7The Carter... was done in persons with VA < 3/60 by counting fingers, hand movement and light perception as appropriate. All participants then underwent basic eye examination. Using a torch and a 2.5 magnifying binoc- ular loupe, each eye was examined first for in...

Ngondi, Jeremiah; Reacher, Mark; Matthews, Fiona E; Ole-Sempele, Francis; Onsarigo, Alice; Matende, Ibrahim; Baba, Samson; Brayne, Carol; Emerson, Paul M

2007-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

34

Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities: Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities: Transport and Building Electricity Use Jump to: navigation, search Name Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities: Transport and Building Electricity Use Agency/Company /Organization Clean Air Asia, Chreod Ltd. Partner Asian Development Bank (ADB), Ministry of Planning Sector Land Focus Area Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website http://cleanairinitiative.org/

35

Sri Lanka-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Sri Lanka-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name Sri Lanka-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Industry Sector Climate, Energy, Water Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Economic Development, Goods and Materials, Industry, People and Policy, Water Conservation Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations

36

Impacts of the 2004 tsunami on groundwater resources in Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.-G. Yeh,11 Martinus T. van Genuchten,12 and Karsten Jensen13 Received 10 January 2006; revised 25 February Lanka alone, it is estimated that over 40,000 drinking water wells were either destroyed or contaminated. From February through September 2005, a team of United States, Sri Lankan, and Danish water resource

Clement, Prabhakar

37

Feasibility of an appliance energy testing and labeling program for Sri Lanka  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A feasibility study evaluated the costs and benefits of establishing a program for testing, labeling and setting minimum efficiency standards for appliances and lighting in Sri Lanka. The feasibility study included: refrigerators, air-conditioners, flourescent lighting (ballasts & CFls), ceiling fans, motors, and televisions.

Biermayer, Peter; Busch, John; Hakim, Sajid; Turiel, Issac; du Pont, Peter; Stone, Chris

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Geologic assessment of the fossil energy and geothermal potential of the Sudan  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This preliminary report provides geological input to the consideration of appropriate activities that can enhance the exploration and development of fossil-fuel and possible geothermal energy resources of the Sudan, and is based on study of available literature in early 1982. 59 references, 16 figures, 7 tables.

Setlow, L.W.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit for Sri Lanka from NREL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from NREL Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Stand-alone and easy to use geographic toolkit that allows non-GIS users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. (Purpose): The Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) is a map-based software application that can be used for decision making and policy analysis in addition to planning for future energy projects. The SWERA application utilizes Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to develop common scenarios to evaluate potential locations for solar or wind energy plants. (Supplemental Information): The zip file contains the geospatial toolkit executable, Getting Started Document, and metadata.

40

Microsoft Word - Sri_Lanka_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lanka Lanka Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, DNI-method, GHI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lanka sudan suriname" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Integrated: Enhanced Geospatial Toolkit for Sri Lanka from NREL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enhanced Geospatial Toolkit for Sri Lanka from NREL Enhanced Geospatial Toolkit for Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Stand-alone and easy to use geographic toolkit that allows non-GIS users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. (Purpose): The Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) is a map-based software application that can be used for decision making and policy analysis in addition to planning for future energy projects. The SWERA application utilizes Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to develop common scenarios to evaluate potential locations for solar or wind energy plants. (Supplemental Information): Enhancements to the GeoSpatial Toolkit (GsT) were funded by USAID's Southeast Asia Regional Initiative/Energy (SARI/E). These enhancements include additional functionality and data development not available with the standard GeoSpatial Toolkit.

42

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit GIS data for Sri Lanka from NREL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from NREL Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data intended for use in the Geospatial toolkit or with any GIS software. (Purpose): The Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) is a map-based software application that can be used for decision making and policy analysis in addition to planning for future energy projects. The SWERA application utilizes Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to develop common scenarios to evaluate potential locations for solar or wind energy plants. (Supplemental Information): The zip file contains the available geospatial toolkit data and metadata. Each country's data package depends on the data provided by the SWERA partners. ---------------------------------------------------------

43

Flood Pulsing in the Sudd Wetland: Analysis of Seasonal Variations in Inundation and Evaporation in South Sudan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Located on the Bahr el Jebel in South Sudan, the Sudd is one of the largest floodplain wetlands in the world. Seasonal inundation drives the hydrologic, geomorphological, and ecological processes, and the annual flood pulse is essential to the ...

L-M. Rebelo; G. B. Senay; M. P. McCartney

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

A review on evolution of e-commerce user acceptant behaviour under collaborative commerce: a study based on Sri Lanka  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main purpose of this study is to identify mobile payment opportunities and what factors affect the user acceptance of mobile payments in Sri Lanka. This study was carried out through a situational analysis and an in-depth questionnaire survey. This ...

Dasanayaka; Samarawickrama

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Integration of Weather System Variability to Multidecadal Regional Climate Change: The West African SudanSahel Zone, 195198  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the late 1960s, the West African SudanSahel zone (1018N) has experienced persistent and often severe drought, which is among the most undisputed and largest regional climate changes in the last half-century. Previous documentation of ...

Michael A. Bell; Peter J. Lamb

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Patterns of rural household energy use: a study in the White Nile province - the Sudan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study investigates rural household domestic energy consumption patterns in a semiarid area of the Sudan. It describes the socioeconomic and evironmental context of energy use, provides an estimation of local woody biomass production and evaluates ecological impacts of increased energy demand on the local resource base. It is based on findings derived from field surveys, a systematic questionnaire and participant observations. Findings indicate that households procure traditional fuels by self-collection and purchases. Household members spent on average 20% of their working time gathering fuels. Generally per caput and total annual expenditure and consumption of domestic fuels are determined by household size, physical availability, storage, prices, income, conservation, substitution and competition among fuel resource uses. Households spend on average 16% of their annual income on traditional fuels. Aggregation of fuels on heat equivalent basis and calculation of their contribution shows that on average firewood provides 63%, charcoal 20.7%, dung 10.4%, crop residues 3.4% and kerosene/diesel 2.5% of the total demand for domestic purposes. Estimated total household woodfuel demand exceeds woody biomass available from the local forests. This demand is presently satisfied by a net depletion of the local forests and purchases from other areas. Degradation of the resource base is further exacerbated by development of irrigation along the White Nile River, increasing livestock numbers (overgrazing) and forest clearance for rainfed cultivation. The most promising relevant and appropriate strategies to alleviate rural household domestic energy problems include: conservation of the existing forest, augmentation through village woodlots and community forestry programmes and improvements in end-use (stoves) and conversion (wood to charcoal) technologies.

Abdu, A.S.E.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

Duke, J.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

49

United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sri Lanka 32 Armenia 34 Nigeria 33 Peru 34 Syrian Arab 33 Azerbaijan Republic 35 Reunion 34 Suriname.00 Former U.S.S.R.-- Armenia 6.19 5.90 5.90 Azerbaijan 8.90 11.63 11.63 Belarus .24 4.60 4.60 Estonia 4.00 5.69 Sri Lanka 1.29 Armenia 0.20 Reunion 0.00 Peru 0.61 Syrian Arab Rep 0.50 Azerbaijan 0.20 Rwanda 0

50

Sudan and South Sudan - U.S. Energy Information Administration ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

456.12: 9,365: 87,481: 31 : 115.31: Crude Oil Production: 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , ...

51

Sudan and South Sudan - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... oil consumption decreased to 95,000 bbl/d in 2012, nearly a 30-percent drop from the previous year, ... millions of people are still without access to electricity.

52

Sudan and South Sudan - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Both companies are active in their respective country's oil exploration and production and are often minority shareholders in joint ventures with foreign oil ...

53

( Sudan 4.57 ) Manavalakurichi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the International Atomic Energy Agency. The highest level of background radiation is in the state of Kerala and city

Obayashi, Shigeru

54

US Energy Information Administration - Sudan  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

US EIA provides data, forecasts, country analysis brief and other analyses, focusing on the energy industry including oil, natural gas and electricity.

55

Suriname - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

US EIA provides data, forecasts, country analysis brief and other analyses, focusing on the energy industry including oil, natural gas and ...

56

Suriname-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and renewable energy policy goals of CARICOM Member States. The final document will map on-going efforts in sustainable development, sustainable energy initiativespolicies,...

57

Suriname - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The construction of the country's first LNG train in the 1990s and its completion in 1999 facilitated the increase in natural gas production.

58

Rosebel Gold Mine, Suriname, Guiana Shield - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, COM 2011. Symposium, WORLD GOLD. Presentation Title, Structural Characterization of Orogenic Gold Deposits. A Case Study:...

59

Newsletter Signup Form  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS (red fields are required) Manage subscriptions: Subscribe Unsubscribe Name E-Mail Affiliation Address Address (line 2) City State/Province Zip/Postal Code Country (please select a country) none Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegowina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia (Hrvatska) Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France France, Metropolitan French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard and Mc Donald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint LUCIA Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia (Slovak Republic) Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Spain Sri Lanka St. Helena St. Pierre and Miquelon Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan, Province of China Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe

60

US Energy Information Administration - Sri Lanka  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

US EIA provides data, forecasts, country analysis brief and other analyses, focusing on the energy industry including oil, natural gas and electricity.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lanka sudan suriname" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Oilfields of the World. Third edition  

SciTech Connect

This third edition (updated to 1984) covers all of the world's major producing areas (both onshore and offshore) on six continents. It offers essential geologic, reserves, and production data on 13 nations that have become commercial oil producers in the last five years: Benin, Cameroon, Congo Republic, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Sudan, Zaire, Greece, The Phillippines, Sharjah, Thailand, Guatemala, and Surinam. Numerous maps display the geologic details of each area. This book also contains full-color maps of the oil and gas fields of the North Sea, Persian Gulf, Mexico, Venezuela, and Brazil.

Tiratsoo, E.N.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit for Sri Lanka from NREL  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and easy to use geographic toolkit that allows non-GIS users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected...

63

Financial liberalisation in Sri Lanka: an econometric analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines the impact of financial liberalisation on macroeconomic issues such as saving, investment, financial performance, financial sector widening, gross domestic product, and the (more)

Paudel, Ramsh Chandra

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Energy Efficiency Building Code for Commercial Buildings in Sri Lanka  

SciTech Connect

1.1.1 To encourage energy efficient design or retrofit of commercial buildings so that they may be constructed, operated, and maintained in a manner that reduces the use of energy without constraining the building function, the comfort, health, or the productivity of the occupants and with appropriate regard for economic considerations. 1.1.2 To provide criterion and minimum standards for energy efficiency in the design or retrofit of commercial buildings and provide methods for determining compliance with them. 1.1.3 To encourage energy efficient designs that exceed these criterion and minimum standards.

Busch, John; Greenberg, Steve; Rubinstein, Francis; Denver, Andrea; Rawner, Esther; Franconi, Ellen; Huang, Joe; Neils, Danielle

2000-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

65

Energy Efficiency Building Code for Commercial Buildings in Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fan System Designfor specified areas. 3.3 Fan System Design Criteria 3.3.1for the combined fan system at design conditions. 3.3.4

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

BBSLA Sri Lanka (032510) English (Global Version 031010) ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... discharge, fire, flood, lightning, water or wind, correction of ... limitation, GPS information, carrier ID, tower ID and ... of visible WiFi or cell towers) may be ...

67

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit GIS data for Sri Lanka from NREL  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

that can be used for decision making and policy analysis in addition to planning for future energy projects. The SWERA application utilizes Geographical Information Systems...

68

Sri Lanka Credit to Connect | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind Page Actions View source History View New Pages...

69

Integrated: Enhanced Geospatial Toolkit for Sri Lanka from NREL  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to the GeoSpatial Toolkit (GsT) were funded by USAID's Southeast Asia Regional InitiativeEnergy (SARIE). These enhancements include additional functionality and data development...

70

Energy Efficiency Building Code for Commercial Buildings in Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that except for the cooling towers, the rating conditionsA 27 DB/ 19.5 WB N/A Cooling Towers N/A N/A N/A N/A 27.0 WBEvaporator air inlet Cooling tower air inlet Table 3-4.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Present Status of E-Waste Management in Sri Lanka  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Leaching Toxicity of Pb and Ba Containing in Cathode Ray Tube Glasses by SEP -TCLP Mechanical Recycling of Electronic Wastes for Materials Recovery.

72

DOE's General Counsel Determines Sudan Act Does Not Bar Areva...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

a loan guarantee application submitted by Areva Enrichment Services LLC to help fund a uranium enrichment facility in Idaho. The simple answer is no. The Act, as passed by...

73

a0005 Geographic Overviews/Africa Central and Nilotic Sudan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

culture characterized by skillfully made bifacial flint hand axes. g0010 artifact Any object manufactured been called flint, but true flint is found in chalk deposits and is a distinctive blackish color. g0025 dispersal The process in which an organism spreads out geographically. g0030 flint A hard, brittle

Nicoll, Kathleen

74

International Energy Statistics - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Total Primary Energy Production | Total Primary Energy Consumption ; ... Crude Oil Proved Reserves ... Sudan and South Sudan 0.563 ...

75

International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Total Primary Energy Production | Total Primary Energy Consumption ; ... Imports of Crude Oil including Lease Condensate ... Sudan and South Sudan 0 ...

76

Performance of the Vaisala RS80A/H and RS90 Humicap Sensors and the Meteolabor Snow White Chilled-Mirror Hygrometer in Paramaribo, Suriname  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In climate research there is a strong need for accurate observations of water vapor in the upper atmosphere. Radiosoundings provide relative humidity profiles but the accuracy of many routine instruments is notoriously inadequate in the cold ...

G Verver; Masatomo Fujiwara; Pier Dolmans; Cor Becker; Paul Fortuin; Larry Miloshevich

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Tall buildings in Asia : a critique on the high-rise building in Colombo, Shri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent generation of tall buildings in Asia have been appropriated from the West with little adaptation. With no understanding of the forces that have generated this building form, Asia embraces the high-rise as an ...

Pieris, Anoma D. (Anoma Darshani)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Feasibility of an appliance energy testing and labeling program for Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

household and national residential energy consumption. Thishousehold and national residential energy consumption. Fansand national residential energy consumption. Electric Pumps

Biermayer, Peter; Busch, John; Hakim, Sajid; Turiel, Issac; du Pont, Peter; Stone, Chris

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries : a case study of Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report is addressed at modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries, those with populations less than 20 million or so and where neither the industrial or energy sectors are dominant. The overall ...

Blitzer, Charles R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

DILEMMAS OF CIVIL SOCIETY AID: DONORS, NGOs AND THE QUEST FOR PEACE IN SRI LANKA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that most Sinhalese are more concerned with daily survival and raising costs of living than with peace, while for the Tamils, publicly voicing their views has been a security risk. NGOs organising mass rallies or meetings for peace often have to provide... of interests is involved and make up the field of interaction. The donors are not merely after control, but work also with the ambitions to do good, satisfy tax payers at home, spend their allocated money, gain international prominence and shares...

Orjuela, Camilla

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lanka sudan suriname" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Finescale Evaluation of Drought in a Tropical Setting: Case Study in Sri Lanka  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In regions of climatic heterogeneity, finescale assessment of drought risk is needed for policy making and drought management, mitigation, and adaptation. The relationship between drought relief payments (a proxy for drought risk) and ...

Bradfield Lyon; Lareef Zubair; Vidhura Ralapanawe; Zeenas Yahiya

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

The Strengthening Relationship between ENSO and Northeast Monsoon Rainfall over Sri Lanka and Southern India  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, it was reported that the relationship of the Indian southwest monsoon rainfall with El NioSouthern Oscillation (ENSO) has weakened since around 1980. Here, it is reported that in contrast, the relationship between ENSO and the ...

Lareef Zubair; C. F. Ropelewski

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Feasibility of an appliance energy testing and labeling program for Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficiency program when other mandatory safety programs and manufacturer quality programs exist in other forms. CFL

Biermayer, Peter; Busch, John; Hakim, Sajid; Turiel, Issac; du Pont, Peter; Stone, Chris

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Feasibility of an appliance energy testing and labeling program for Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

equip. cost approx. $1000]. http://eetd.lbl.gov/standbyStandby power consumption only Start$5,208 If only standby losses where measured for a standby

Biermayer, Peter; Busch, John; Hakim, Sajid; Turiel, Issac; du Pont, Peter; Stone, Chris

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Movin' on up : mainstreaming under-serviced urban communities in Colombo, Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis offers an early look at a radical shift in Sri Lankan urban housing policy regarding slums in the capital city of Colombo. During the 1980s, the Sri Lankan government achieved widespread urban improvements by ...

Wickrema, Marinne Dhakshike

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Feasibility of an appliance energy testing and labeling program for Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

double counting of savings from electric motor systems. Airthat energy savings due to improved electric motor systemsuse electric motor systems. Adding these savings together

Biermayer, Peter; Busch, John; Hakim, Sajid; Turiel, Issac; du Pont, Peter; Stone, Chris

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Puerto Rico NA Saint Kitts and Nevis NA Saint Lucia NA Saint Vincent/Grenadines NA Suriname NA Trinidad ...

88

Retreat of the state and the market: liberalisation and education expansion in Sudan under the NCP.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is an analysis of two concurrent processes - the liberalisation of the economy and the expansion of the tertiary education system - by (more)

Mann, Laura Elizabeth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

(Sv/h) 2011.5 30 ( Sudan 4.57 )  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the International Atomic Energy Agency. The highest level of background radiation is in the state of Kerala and city

Obayashi, Shigeru

90

Assessment of radioactivity and the associated hazards in local and imported cement types used in Sudan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Activity concentration of sup 2 sup 3 sup 2 Th, sup 2 sup 2 sup 6 Ra and sup 4 sup 0 K in local (Atbra and Rabak) and imported cement types (Jordanian, Indonesian and seabulk) has been measured using a high resolution gamma spectrometry. The average values obtained for sup 2 sup 3 sup 2 Th, sup 2 sup 2 sup 6 Ra and sup 4 sup 0 K activity concentrations in different cements are lower than the corresponding global values reported in UNSCEAR publications. The radium equivalent (Ra sub e sub q) of the samples was calculated and compared with similar data reported in the literature. The comparison has revealed that Ra sub e sub q values obtained fall far below the criterion limit specified for building materials. The potential radiological hazard of the different samples was estimated using different approaches: representative level index, committed effective dose equivalent via inhalation and annual dose limit. The estimated representative level index for all the samples is less than unity (the upper limit) confi...

Ahmed, N A

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Variability of the Intertropical Front (ITF) and Rainfall over the West African SudanSahel Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Intertropical Front (ITF) is a fundamental feature of the atmospheric circulation over West Africa. It separates the wedge of warm moist southwesterly monsoon flow off the tropical Atlantic from much hotter and very dry northeasterly wind ...

M. Issa Ll; Peter J. Lamb

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oxide emission reductions in industry in the EU. Europeanissues: Annual survey of industries. Central StatisticalDesiccated coconut industry of Sri- Lankas opportunities

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 400m...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka

(Purpose):To provide information on the wind resource potential within Sri Lanka and selected offshore areas
<...

94

A study of the factors affecting the sustainability of community managed rural water supply schemes in Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disparities in water supply coverage in urban and rural areas are high in developing countries, with rural coverage being much lower. The inability of governments to provide the service because of resource constraints, and ...

Amerasinghe, Nishanthi Manjula

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Secondary state formation during the early iron age on the island of Sri Lanka : the evolution of a periphery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Universitario Orientale. MENDIS, G. C.1965. The Vijayaand Dr. Asoka and Janine Mendis for their kind hospitality

Karunaratne, Priyantha Padmalal

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

TRANSITING FROM PROLONGED CONFLICT TO POST CONFLICT DEVELOPMENT: LOCATING THE CASE OF TRINCOMALEE DISTRICT OF SRI LANKA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of public security, which emerged as a main employment generation activity in the country where private firms that provide security guards have mushroomed in various parts of the country. In addition, rehabilitation costs of displaced persons also... the total number of IDPs to be some 50 per cent of the total population of the district. According to UNHCR some 10,654 IDPs returned to Trincomalee, while 2531 left the district in 2001 for their original homes elsewhere. One of the critical issues...

Narman, Late Anders; Vidanapathirana, Upali

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria ...

98

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria ...

99

Non-OPEC oil supply outages remain above year-ago level ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home; Browse by Tag; Most Popular Tags. electricity; oil/petroleum; liquid ... South Sudan has signed an agreement with Sudan on oil export fees and security ...

100

International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Total Primary Energy Production | Total Primary Energy Consumption ; Indicators. CO2 Emissions ; Carbon Intensity ; ... Sudan and South Sudan 76.6 87.4 85 ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lanka sudan suriname" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

102

Malaysia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

103

Bulgaria - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

104

Afghanistan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

105

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

106

Japan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

107

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

108

Countries - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

109

Electricity Prices for Industry - EIA - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

110

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

111

Review: The Benefits of Famine: A Political Economy of Famine and Relief in Southwestern Sudan 1983-1989  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Famine: A Political Economy of Famine and Relief inof Famine: A Political Economy of Famine and Relief in

DePasquale, Allison A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

NIST Global Standards Information WTO TBT Inquiry Point  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Republic; Maldives; Nepal; Pakistan; Russia; Sri Lanka; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan. Asia-Pacific: Australia; Brunei Darussalam; ...

113

NIST Global Standards Information Global Standards News  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Republic; Maldives; Nepal; Pakistan; Russia; Sri Lanka; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan. Asia-Pacific: Australia; Brunei Darussalam; ...

114

NIST Global Standards Information EMC/Telecom MRAs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Republic; Maldives; Nepal; Pakistan; Russia; Sri Lanka; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan. Asia-Pacific: Australia; Brunei Darussalam; ...

115

Pages that link to "Property:UNRegion" | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

( links) Mauritius ( links) Bahrain ( links) Moldova ( links) Thailand ( links) Portugal ( links) Sudan ( links) View (previous 50 |...

116

Pages that link to "Form:Tool" | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

( links) Mauritius ( links) Bahrain ( links) Moldova ( links) Thailand ( links) Portugal ( links) Sudan ( links) Senegal (...

117

Pages that link to "Form:Research Institution" | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

( links) Mauritius ( links) Bahrain ( links) Moldova ( links) Thailand ( links) Portugal ( links) Sudan ( links) Senegal (...

118

Pages that link to "Form:Program" | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

( links) Mauritius ( links) Bahrain ( links) Moldova ( links) Thailand ( links) Portugal ( links) Sudan ( links) Senegal (...

119

Pages that link to "Form:Company" | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

( links) Mauritius ( links) Bahrain ( links) Moldova ( links) Thailand ( links) Portugal ( links) Sudan ( links) View (previous 50 |...

120

Sri Lankan Case Study on Public/Private Participation in the Promotion of Wind Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Micro wind power systems are one of the most appropriate and comparatively economical renewable energy sources to meet the off?grid energy needs of Sri Lanka. To penetrate the target markets and intended beneficiaries of Sri Lanka

Rod Robinson; Rohitha Thanthilage

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lanka sudan suriname" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Analysis of Building Envelops to Optimize Energy Efficiency as per Code of Practice for Energy Efficient Buildings in Sri Lanka - 2008.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Residential and commercial buildings consume approximately 20% of the global energy generation. This value is continuously growing and the governments across the globe have (more)

Kumari, Epa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Summer 2012 College of liberal arts Summer 2012 contentS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Culley, S. G. Mendis, and K. Perera (2005), Coral poaching worsens tsunami destruction in Sri Lanka, Eos

Janssen, Michel

123

International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Pakistan 186 Papua New Guinea 33 Philippines 273 Samoa 0 Singapore 1,357 Solomon Islands 0 Sri Lanka ...

124

OSP WEEKLY FUNDING BULLETIN Volume 5, Issue 13 March 28, 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lanka, and the Maldives) and the Youth Leadership Program with Azerbaijan Solicitation No. ECA Asia (Nepal, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives) and the Youth Leadership Program with Azerbaijan. Public, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and the United States. For the Youth Leadership Program with Azerbaijan, hereinafter

Alabama in Huntsville, University of

125

POTENTIAL OF ARID ZONE VEGETATION AS A SOURCE OF SUBSTRATES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cane Napier grass Sudan grass (Sorghum) Corn (Zea mays) C-3Sugar cane Sudan grass (Sorghum) Corn (Zea mays) C-3 Plantscane, corn, crabgrass, sorghum, etc. have, in addition to

Bassham, J.A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Geoarchaeology: An International Journal, Vol. 12, No. 8, 819832 (1997) 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. CCC 08836353/97/080819-14  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

200 km to the north. Modern caravans bringing `atrun (trona) from Sudan still follow the route after

Nicoll, Kathleen

127

Digest of United States Practice in International Law 2003 |...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

statute, Sudan, Supreme Court, Syria, Taliban, terrorism, terrorist, testimony, Thailand, torture, trade, trafficking, trafficking in persons, travel restrictions, treaty...

128

Rainforest Warriors: Human Rights on Trial. Richard Price. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010. 280 pp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Richard Price and his wife Sally Price have lived with and studied Saramaka maroons, descendants of self-liberated African slaves, who live in the rainforest of the Republic of Suriname, for over 40 years. Price uses that ...

Jackson, Jean E.

129

International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Peru 41.885 Puerto Rico 32.353 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.270 Saint Lucia 0.413 Saint Vincent/Grenadines 0.195 Suriname ...

130

OpenEI - hourly data  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

http:en.openei.orgdatasetstaxonomyterm4980 en Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and diffuse) data for selected stations in Sri Lanka from...

131

Genetic stock structure and inferred migratory patterns of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) and yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) in Sri Lankan waters.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Tuna are the major marine fishery in Sri Lanka, and yellowfin tuna (YFT) (Thunnus albacares) and skipjack tuna (SJT) (Katsuwonus pelamis) represent 94% of all (more)

Dammannagoda Acharige, Sudath Terrence

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 400m resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

potential within Sri Lanka, with supplemental information on political boundaries, transmission lines, roads, and terrain relief.

2011-06-15T21:50:37Z...

133

The Idea of South Asia and the Role of the Middle Class  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bangladesh India Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka Source: GovernanceA Case Study of Pakistan, Paper for the Analytical428. Subohi, A. (2004), Pakistan Joins Asia's Consumer Boom,

Singh, Nirvikar

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Background analysis Website http:www.usaid.govourwork Country Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives Southern Asia, Southern Asia,...

135

International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Pakistan 60.6 Papua New Guinea 30.4 Philippines 32.9 Samoa 0 Singapore 0 Solomon Islands 0 Sri Lanka 0 ...

136

Development of a tool for simulating performance of sub systems of a combined cycle power plant; .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Abstract In Sri Lanka, around 50% of the electrical energy generation is done using thermal energy, and hence maintaining generation efficiencies of thermal power (more)

Jayasinghe, Prabodha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mozambique, Nicaragua, Peru, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Zimbabwe Western...

138

Overview  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Malaysia Netherlands Oman Pakistan Panama Panama Panama Portugal Singapore South Korea Spain Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand United Kingdom *SFI Ports Status of Megaports...

139

Asian Development Bank Technical Assistance Report on Building...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technical Assistance Report on Building the Capacity of the Sustainable Energy Authority in Sri Lanka Jump to: navigation, search Name Asian Development Bank Technical Assistance...

140

U.S. and Bahamian Governments to Cooperate on Detecting Illicit...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

sixth cooperative agreement and joins efforts currently underway in the Netherlands, Greece, Sri Lanka, Belgium and Spain. The specialized radiation detection technology deployed...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lanka sudan suriname" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and ...

142

Documents for Foreign Nationals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. **Terrorist-sponsoring countries include: Cuba, Iran, Sudan, and Syria. Requirements for Foreign Nationals (excluding nationals of sensitive...

143

Gabon - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Solar Energy in Brief ... Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South ... tapping into this potential could leave the country vulnerable to unfavorable ...

144

Gabon - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Solar Energy in Brief ... Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South ... tapping into this potential could leave the country vulnerable to unfavorable ...

145

Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

informationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen...

146

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

informationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen...

147

Management and Operating Contract for the Los Alamos National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kygyrstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic Pakistan People's Republic of) Russia Sudan Syria Taiwan Tajikistan...

148

Changes to DOE Policy Related to NMMSS Reporting - Presentation  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

any one country * Excluded countries * Embargoed destinations: Cuba, Iran, Iraq, North Korea, Sudan, Syria * Restricted destinations: 10 countries, includes Afghanistan, India,...

149

Microsoft PowerPoint - 1_Cruz_Import Export_NMMSS 2013 Presentation...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

countries, i.e., a specific license is required for exports to: Cuba Iran Iraq North Korea Syria Sudan Authorize limited exports to restricted destinations - a specific...

150

This article is from the June 2006 issue of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences; it in- cluded strains of F. subglutinans from Egypt, Florida (Israel, Malaysia, and Pakistan), Africa (Egypt, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, and Uganda

151

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. ... Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South ...

152

vol. 180, no. 6 the american naturalist december 2012 Friday Oct 05 2012 10:08 AM/AN53646/2012/180/6/kfoster2/efmurphy/efmurphy//ms review complete/1002/use-graphics/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Department of Biomedical Science and Environmental Biology, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung City of Hawaii, Hilo 96720; 11. Environment Canada, Gatineau, Quebec K1A 0H3, Canada; 12. Avian Science Center Lanka, Department of Zoology, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka; 14. School of Forest Resources

Hutto, Richard

153

File:SWERA-202.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Sri Lanka from NREL global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Sri Lanka from NREL Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 863 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors, for Sri Lanka Description Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Sri Lanka from NREL Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2004-07-01 Extent International Countries Sri Lanka UN Region Southern Asia External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=202 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

154

Isotope Biogeochemistry of Diagenesis caused by a Black  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Isotope Biogeochemistry of Diagenesis caused by a Black Shale-fueled Deep Marine Biosphere (ODP Leg Forschungsgemeinschaft and Max Planck Society #12;Black shales and Diagenesis: Processes and Proxies - Authigenic sulfur the coasts of Surinam and French Guyana #12;µ Black shales in Leg 207 sediments and pore water response depth

155

The Amplification of the ENSO Forcing over Equatorial Amazon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The remote influence of the El NioSouthern Oscillation (ENSO) strongly manifests over the equatorial Amazon (EA)including parts of southern Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana, and Surinamewhen there is a large-scale anomalous upper-level ...

Vasubandhu Misra

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

File:SWERA-201.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

pdf pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km for Sri Lanka from NREL Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 864 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Sri Lanka Description Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km for Sri Lanka from NREL Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2004-07-01 Extent International Countries Sri Lanka UN Region Southern Asia External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=201 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

157

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from DLR Sri Lanka from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Sri Lanka for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR GHI GIS solar Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 296.1 KiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 153.7 KiB)

158

Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Nepal 8 Pakistan* 9 Sri Lanka 10 Thailand 11 Vietnam 12 Malaysia (Insular) 13 Indonesia 14 Philippines 15 Papua New Guinea* 16 Brunei *Although there are no data included...

159

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment for...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

solar resource assessment for Sri Lanka provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global...

160

Solar: hourly global horizontal (GHI) and direct normal (DNI) data for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka sites from DLR Sri Lanka sites from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Hourly time series of GHI and DNI for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003 for selected sites in Sri Lanka. The hourly data are stored in ASCII files for each station. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GHI hourly data solar Sri Lanka SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download data (zip, 368.2 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lanka sudan suriname" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 400m resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

400m resolution for 400m resolution for Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): 50 m wind power density (W/m2) maps of Sri Lanka (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within Sri Lanka, with supplemental information on political boundaries, transmission lines, roads, and terrain relief. Source NREL Date Released June 30th, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords GEF GIS maps NREL Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP wind Data application/zip icon Download Maps (zip, 799.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote

162

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from DLR Sri Lanka from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Sri Lanka for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GEF GIS solar Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 155.1 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 295.7 KiB)

163

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 400m resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

400m resolution 400m resolution for Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Raster GIS data, 50 m wind power density for Sri Lanka (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within Sri Lanka and selected offshore areas (Supplemental Information): ***** Spatial Reference Information (Beg) *****Projection ParametersProjection UTMZone 44Datum WGS84Zunits NoneUnits METERSSpheroid WGS84Xshift 0.0000000000Yshift 0.0000000000ParametersSpatial InformationRaster:Number of Columns: 764Number of Rows: 1218Pixel Resolution (m): 400Data Type: real***** Spatial Reference Information (End) ***** Source NREL Date Released June 30th, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords GIS NREL Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP wind Data application/zip icon Download Data (zip, 771.5 KiB)

164

Rainfall Anomalies in the Source Region of the Nile and Their Connection with the Indian Summer Monsoon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In light of the droughts and subsequent food crises that have plagued the EthiopiaSudan region in the course of its history, and especially during the last 3 decades, the author examines both the interannual and intraseasonal variabilities of ...

Pierre Camberlin

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

YEAR-END REPORT: HEAVY ION FUSION PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1978-Mar. 1979, Heavy Ion Fusion Program, Lawrence BerkeleyOlson, Proceedings of the Heavy Ion Fusion Workshop, ArgonneUniversity Ravi N. Sudan KMS Fusion, Inc. Stanford Linear

Fusion Staff, Heavy Ion

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

HEAVY ION FUSION HALF-YEAR REPORT APRIL 1, 1980 - SEPTEMBER 30, 1980  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Rochester Ravi N. Sudan KMS Fusion, Inc. Henry J. GombergOF CALIFORNIA Accelerator & Fusion Research DivisionHEAVY ION FUSION HALF-YEAR REPORT APRIL 1, 1980 - SEPTEMBER

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

arXiv:1103.5027v1[physics.soc-ph]25Mar2011 EPJ manuscript No.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Angola 10 UK Sudan Azerbaijan UK Iraq 11 Singapore Azerbaijan Malaysia Spain Libya 12 Italy Venezuela and Tobago Thailand Azerbaijan 15 Spain Algeria France Belgium Algeria 16 France Singapore Netherlands Brazil

Giraud, Olivier

168

Educational Programs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sponsor of terrorism' (as defined by the U.S. Department of State). These are currently Iran, Syria, Sudan, & Cuba. What is the acceptance rate for applicants? The program is...

169

NREL: Immigration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

subject to NSEERS registration at the Port of Entry: Certain citizens or nationals of Iran, Iraq, Libya, Sudan, and Syria, as designated by the DHA Secretary in the Federal...

170

Welcome to the SSRL User Research Site | Stanford Synchrotron...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

30 days during a 12-month period (see additional requirements for users from Cuba, Iran, Sudan or Syria). Complete training before arrival and check in at the URA offices...

171

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Obtaining Entry...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CNMS user project. Countries that are State Sponsors of Terrorism click to view Cuba Iran Sudan Syria (defined by the U.S. Department of State) Important Information for Users...

172

Microsoft Word - ESnet-ANI terms and conditions 102810.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Commerce "Computer Tier IV" list. As of October 11, 2007, these countries are Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria. No work may be performed on ANI resources on behalf of...

173

Argonne Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of State list of "State Sponsors of Terrorism." T-4 countries currently are Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria. A request for TRACC computer access by a T-4 country...

174

Pastoralism in the Horn of Africa: Classic and Current Issues ~ Curriculum Unit Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

study. The recent discovery of oil in some countries of theThe locations of the oil that has been found, and whereSudan near the border with Kenya. (Oil was recently found in

Halderman, John Michael

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

highest since March of 2012. Although there was no single major disruption in oil production over the last month, lower exports from South Sudan, Iraq, and Libya and a...

176

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

21, 2008. China signs $2bn Iran oil deal. Al Jazeera (11of its partnerships: Sudan, Iran and Venezuela. An analysiss $400 million contract with Iran may omit information about

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Insect oils: Nutritional and industrial applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many researchers have investigated wild plants as a new source of oils, but until now few have seriously considered insects. A recent analysis from Sudan indicates that insect oils offer several nutritional benefits and meet many of the specifications for

178

Some economic implications of the utilization of alcohol for the production of energy  

SciTech Connect

The production rate of ethanol per unit of land was examined for different crops and the order of magnitude of the costs was calculated. Alcohol production programs in Brazil, Thailand and Sudan are described.

Bennett, M.C.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Questions on Darfur: A Response from the UCLA Darfur Action Committee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The conflict in D arfur, Sudan bas been labeled the firstThis is a government d1at bas adopted a strategic policy ofinternational response truly bas been for humanity before

Sterling, Adam

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Microsoft Word - KCP Contract Mod M120.doc  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

involving Cuba, Iran, and Sudan are prohibited, as are most imports from Burma or North Korea, into the United States or its outlying areas. Lists of entities and individuals...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lanka sudan suriname" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The architectural implications of passive solar cooling systems in hot-arid climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Residential architectural design should fulfill both the comfort and the social requirements of the occupants. Khartoum, the capital of the Sudan was chosen for this study because of two reasons; The first is its unusually ...

Sharag-Eldin, Adil M. K. (Adil Mustafa Kamal)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Jordan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan ... which is used in power generation) by more than 25 percent in 2011 to help make up for the loss of natural ...

183

File:SWERA-203.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

latitude tilt GIS data at 40km for Sri Lanka from NREL latitude tilt GIS data at 40km for Sri Lanka from NREL Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 861 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for Sri Lanka. Description Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km for Sri Lanka from NREL Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Related Technologies Solar Creation Date 2004-07-01 Extent International Countries Sri Lanka UN Region Southern Asia External links http://swera.unep.net/index.php?id=35&idx=203 File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 12:25, 29 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 12:25, 29 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (861 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated bot upload

184

maps | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

maps maps Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): 50 m wind power density (W/m2) maps of Sri Lanka (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within Sri Lanka, with supplemental information on political boundaries, transmission lines, roads, and terrain relief. Source NREL Date Released June 30th, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords GEF GIS maps NREL Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP wind Data application/zip icon Download Maps (zip, 799.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset

185

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from NREL Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors, for Sri Lanka (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

186

development index (HDI)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

98 Azerbaijan 0.746 67.1 98.8 67.1 5,016 0.702 0.882 0.653 4 99 Sri Lanka 0.743 71.6 90.7 w 62.7 e.722 0.750 98 Azerbaijan .. .. .. .. .. .. 0.746 99 Sri Lanka 0.619 0.656 0.683 0.702 0.721 0.731 0 .. .. 17.6 .. .. .. .. 80.5 .. 96 Georgia .. .. 19.1 .. .. .. .. 61.9 .. 98 Azerbaijan .. .. 24

187

File:Slmetst 224.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Slmetst 224.pdf Slmetst 224.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Meteorology: map of Sri Lanka selected meteorological stations and elevation from NREL Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 6.94 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Sri Lanka - select meteorological stations and elevation Description Meteorology: map of Sri Lanka selected meteorological stations and elevation from NREL Sources NREL Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Meteorology Extent International Countries Sri Lanka UN Region Southern Asia Coordinates 7.873054°, 80.771797° File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 17:40, 13 June 2011 Thumbnail for version as of 17:40, 13 June 2011 1,650 × 1,275 (6.94 MB) Nlangle (Talk | contribs) A map depicting elevation and location of selected meteorological stations.

188

Z. Geomorph. N.F. Suppl.-Vol.146 235-251 Berlin Stuttgart November 2006 Geologic Impacts of the 2004 Indian OceanTsunami on Indonesia,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the 2004 Indian OceanTsunami on Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives Bruce M. Richmond, Bruce E in the eastern Indian Ocean near northern Sumatra, Indonesia.The resulting tsunami was measured globally and had.1) with an epicenter located under the seafloor in the eastern Indian Ocean near northern Sumatra, Indonesia

189

Equatorial Deep Jets and Abyssal Mixing in the Indian Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical profiles of horizontal currents and hydrographic measurements from three cruises along 80.5E from the coast of Sri Lanka to 6S between December 1990 and September 1994 are used to investigate the scales of the Indian Ocean deep jets as ...

Marcus Dengler; Detlef Quadfasel

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

191

Forest Carbon Partnership Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Name Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Co-benefits assessment, Finance Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials Website http://www.forestcarbonpartner Country Argentina, Bolivia, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Democratic Republic of Congo, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Indonesia, Kenya, Laos, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Mexico, Moldova, Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Republic of the Congo, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam

192

Curriculum Vita Michael "Bodhi" Rogers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Netherlands Canada 9 Rep. of Korea Nigeria Colombia France Angola 10 UK Sudan Azerbaijan UK Iraq 11 Singapore Azerbaijan Malaysia Spain Libya 12 Italy Venezuela Brazil Singapore Kazakhstan 13 Australia Norway Belgium Canada Kuwait 14 Malaysia Iran Trinidad and Tobago Thailand Azerbaijan 15 Spain Algeria France Belgium

Rogers, Michael

193

|| Submitted to: Iranian Economy at a Crossroads || University of Southern California || 17-19 September 2009 || Draft Do not cite without author's permission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to limit their energy investments in Iran and Sudan, the United States has offered several energy ties with Iran. Instead, the two countries are using Iran as a bargaining chip in their diplomatic important policy challenges to the Obama administration: China's and India's increasing energy interests

O'Donnell, Tom

194

zentrum Innere medizin ABTEIlUNG NEPHROlOGIE UND RHEUMATOlOGIE centre Internal medicine DEPARTMENT OF NEPHROlOGy AND RHEUMATOlOGy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an lebenden Tieren. In Kooperation mit der Abteilung Klinische Chemie wurde eine zentrale ,,Proteomplattform chronischen Dialysepatienten im Sudan, seit 2005-2006 Deutsche Nierenstiftung, 2000-2004 DFG Einzelförderung Chemie III (Prof. Neumann), die grundlegenden Membranvorgänge bei der elektroporativen Zell

Gollisch, Tim

195

"International Society of Muslim Women in Science (ISMWS)" Members of ISMWS: 133  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Pakistan, 19. Palestine, 20. Russia, 21. Saudi Arabia, 22. Sudan, 23. Syria, 24. Turkey, 25. United Arab, Egypt, 43. Dr Lotfia El Nadi, Nuclear Physics and Laser Sciences, Egypt 44. Dr Magda Elbahay, Physics Imam El-Dek, Physics, Egypt, 60. Dr Samah Ahmed, Physics, Egypt, 61. Dr Samina Masood, Physics, US-Pakistan

Nahar, Sultana Nurun

196

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

km for km for Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Sri Lanka (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

197

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from NREL Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): The intended use of these data files is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. The yearly data may be suitable for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a

198

 

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ron Walli Ron Walli Communications 865.576.0226 ORNL's LandScan helps tsunami relief LandScan image of Sri Lanka shows population densities, particularly along the hard-hit eastern coast. LandScan image of Sri Lanka shows population densities, particularly along the hard-hit eastern coast. Listen to the audio OAK RIDGE, Tenn., Dec. 28, 2004 - Relief agencies working to assist victims of Sunday's tsunamis in the Indian Ocean are using a demographic database developed at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. LandScan is a global population database that shows geographical distribution of population at one-kilometer resolution. Using population distribution maps, relief workers can easily and quickly determine the locations of potential tsunami victims who would otherwise be cut off from

199

Mini-Grid Renewable Energy Systems Case Studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mini-Grid Renewable Energy Systems Case Studies Mini-Grid Renewable Energy Systems Case Studies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Mini-Grid Renewable Energy Systems Case Studies Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices, Case studies/examples Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, Country: Sri Lanka, Thailand, Chile, China, Peru, Mexico, Philippines Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, South America, Eastern Asia, South America, Central America, South-Eastern Asia References: Mini-Grid Renewable Energy Systems Case Studies[1] Resources Sri Lanka RE Program: village hydro China: Capacity Building for the Rapid Commercialization of

200

Research and Education in Basic Space Science: The Approach Pursued in the UN/ESA Workshops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 1990, the United Nations in cooperation with the European Space Agency is holding annually a workshop on basic space science for the benefit of the worldwide development of astronomy. These workshops have been held in countries of Asia and the Pacific (India, Sri Lanka), Latin America and the Caribbean (Costa Rica, Colombia, Honduras), Africa (Nigeria), Western Asia (Egypt, Jordan), and Europe (Germany, France). Additional to the scientific benefits of the workshops and the strengthening of international cooperation, the workshops lead to the establishment of astronomical telescope facilities in Colombia, Egypt, Honduras, Jordan, Morocco, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Uruguay. The annual UN/ESA Workshops continue to pursue an agenda to network these astronomical telescope facilities through similar research and education programmes. Teaching material and hands-on astrophysics material has been developed for the operation of such astronomical telescope facilities in an university environment.

H. M. K. Al-Naimiy; C. P. Celebre; K. Chamcham; H. S. P. de Alwis; M. C. P. de Carias; H. J. Haubold; A. E. Troche Boggino

2000-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lanka sudan suriname" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Strategies of Asian oil-importing countries  

SciTech Connect

Various strategies are used by oil-importing countries to reduce their economic dependence on imported oil: national oil production, energy conservation, and the change of economic structures from high energy intensity sectors to low ones. In this article, the roles of these different strategies have been identified for 10 selected oil-importing countries in Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong, R.O Korea, and Taiwan. The results show that most of the selected countries (although Hong Kong and Taiwan are independent economic entities, for simplicity, the author refers to them as countries) have succeeded in reducing their national economy dependence on imported oil since 1973. Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India are among the most successful countries, with more than 40% reduction in their economic dependence on imported oil.

Yang, M. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

An economic analysis of collective management for natural resources; with case studies of small scale irrigation and fisheries in South Asia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Why property regimes are important for improved resource management What is meant by common property management How can common property management be modelled economically Review of earlier economic analysis (theoretical and empirical) Synthesised economic model Hypotheses underpinning the model Methodology for empirically testing the model Background to Sri Lanka and Tamil Nadu Tentative Results Tentative Conclusions 3 Abstract This paper presents an economic model for collective resource management. The model is premised on the assumption that certain factors motivate individual and collective decisionmaking. These underlying assumptions as well as the robustness of the model are field tested with data from actual resource management systems in Sri Lanka and India. Initial field visits suggest that the model may be robust in explaining some of the important features of common property regimes. The paper starts from the premise that renewable natural resourc...

South Asia; Paul Steele

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Malamalama 1 Malamalama 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guinea, 4:6 Philippines, 4:6 Sri Lanka, 4:7 "Biology and management of deepwater snap pers:102-108 Hawaii, main islands ecological perspective Hawaii,2:38 Kauai,2:36-37 Maui,2:37-38 Oahu, 2-de-mer, 4:6 Philippines beche-de-mer, 4:6 Polovina, Jeffrey J., "The lobster and shrimp fisheries in Hawaii

204

Cecil H. & Ida M. Green Institute of Geophysics & Planetary Physics scripps institution of oceanography, university of california, san diego  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 13 7 1 5 Mineral & Energy Economics 73 14 57 2 41 11 13 18 Electrical Engineering & Computer Economics and Business 8 30 7 19 5 2 11 Mineral & Energy Economics 44 26 3 15 5 1 9 Operations Research Japan 10 0 10 7 0 7 Spain 2 0 2 3 2 1 Burma 1 0 1 0 0 0 Jordan 0 0 0 0 0 0 Sri Lanka 1 0 1 1 0 1

Constable, Steve

205

Comparison of Learning Strategies, Orientations and ConceptionsKosala N Marambe et al A Comparison of Learning Strategies, Orientations and Conceptions of Learning of First-year Medical Students in a Traditional and an Innovative Curriculum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: Students adapt their learning strategies, orientations and conceptions to differences in the learning environment. The new curriculum of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, which commenced in 2005, puts greater emphasis on student-centred learning. The aim of this study was to compare the learning strategies, orientations and conceptions measured by means of a validated Sri Lankan version of the Inventory of Learning

Kosala N Marambe; T Nimmi; C Athuraliya; Jan D Vermunt; Henny Pa Boshuizen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

News Archive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

January 12, 2010 January 12, 2010 DOE Steps Lead to Significant Increase in Compliance with Energy Efficiency Reporting Requirements 160 manufacturers certify energy use for over 600,000 residential products January 7, 2010 DOE Announces Additional Energy Efficiency Enforcement Action to Protect Consumers Consent Decree with Haier America to Ensure Affected Products Deliver Required Energy and Cost Savings December 28, 2009 DOE's General Counsel Determines Sudan Act Does Not Bar Areva Enrichment Services LLC Loan Application Washington, DC - The Office of General Counsel was recently asked whether the Sudan Accountability and Divestment Act of 2007 barred the Department from considering a loan guarantee application submitted by Areva Enrichment Services LLC to help fund a uranium enrichment facility in Idaho. The

207

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

208

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints ERROR: Invalid Country Code The link you followed is incorrect. The administrator of this site has been notified via email. Thank you for your patience. Choose your country from the menu below; or, return to Country Profiles

209

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

210

Loans | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5, 2010 5, 2010 Fact Sheet: The Department of Energy's Loan Programs The U.S. February 26, 2010 Faces of the Recovery Act: Sun Catalytix February 16, 2010 Investing in Clean, Safe Nuclear Energy December 28, 2009 DOE's General Counsel Determines Sudan Act Does Not Bar Areva Enrichment Services LLC Loan Application Washington, DC - The Office of General Counsel was recently asked whether the Sudan Accountability and Divestment Act of 2007 barred the Department from considering a loan guarantee application submitted by Areva Enrichment Services LLC to help fund a uranium enrichment facility in Idaho. The simple answer is no. The Act, as passed by Congress, applies only to government procurements. It does not apply to financial assistance programs or loan guarantee programs. The Act, as passed by Congress, also

211

Microsoft PowerPoint - 2012_summer_fuels.pptx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Summer Transportation Fuels Summer Transportation Fuels O tl k Outlook April 10, 2012 www.eia.gov U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis Key factors driving the short-term outlook * Recovery in Libyan production but lower crude oil exports from South Sudan, Syria, and Yemen and uncertainty over from South Sudan, Syria, and Yemen and uncertainty over the level and security of supply from Iran and other countries in the Middle East and North Africa region. * Decline in consumption in OECD countries including the United States but continuing consumption growth in emerging economies. economies. * Continuing discount for West Texas Intermediate crude oil relative to other world crudes. 2 2012 Summer Transportation Fuels Outlook World liquid fuels consumption is projected to increase by 0.9

212

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

‹ Countries ‹ Countries United States Glossary › FAQS › Overview / Data Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints Overview data for United States + EXPAND ALL Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day) Previous Year Latest Year History United States North America

213

Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from CDKN-CARICOM-Trinidad and Tobago-A Regional Implementation (Redirected from CDKN-CARICOM-Trinidad and Tobago-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework) Jump to: navigation, search Name Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

214

CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2010 Country Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

215

Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Agency/Company /Organization Inter-American Development Bank, World Watch Institute (WWI) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -Roadmap, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations Program Start 2012 Program End 2012 Country Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

216

Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) Database Agency/Company /Organization: Latin American Energy Organization Sector: Energy Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.olade.org/sieeEn.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

217

OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar Agency/Company /Organization: Latin America Energy Organization Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Implementation, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Presentation, Webinar, Workshop, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.olade.org/eficiencia/indexEn.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

218

REDD+ Country Readiness Preparation Proposals | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » REDD+ Country Readiness Preparation Proposals Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: REDD+ Country Readiness Preparation Proposals Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: www.wri.org/publication/getting-ready Country: Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Guyana, Indonesia, Madagascar, Mexico, Suriname, Panama Middle Africa, Western Africa, South America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Africa, Central America, South America, Central America

219

OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual Agency/Company /Organization: Latin American Energy Organization Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Implementation, Background analysis Website: www.olade.org/proyectoPlanificacionEnergetica.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

220

Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database Agency/Company /Organization: Latin American Energy Organization Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.olade.org/sielEn.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lanka sudan suriname" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Geospatial Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geospatial Toolkit Geospatial Toolkit Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar, Wind Phase: Determine Baseline Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.nrel.gov/applying_technologies/geospatial_toolkits.html Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brazil, China, El Salvador, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oaxaca, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Turkey Cost: Free Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, South America, Eastern Asia, Central America, Western Africa, Central America, Central America, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, , Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia

222

Property:Country | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Country Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "Country" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4C Offshore Limited + United Kingdom + A A1 Sun, Inc. + United States + ALDACOR INC + United States + Abu Dhabi Supreme Petroleum Council + United Arab Emirates + Algeria Ministry of Energy and Mining + Algeria + Alternate Energy LLC + United States + B Bahrain National Gas and Oil Authority + Bahrain + Balloon Eólica + Brazil + Buffalo Software + United States + C CSBC Corporation + Taiwan + Community Energy Inc + United States + E EXEN Holdings LLC + United States + Ecoforest + Spain + H HOMER + Armenia + HOMER + Yugoslavia + HOMER + Gabon + HOMER + Sri Lanka + HOMER + Canada +

223

Midweek: Beyond the Headlines Volume 1, Number 1, 6 - 12 September 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the country. The state government has already kicked off the Buddhist circuit and this project would give the much required impetus to boost tourism and attract pilgrim tourists to the area. It aims to draw the pilgrim tourists from South East Asia... and the neighbouring countries like Bhutan, Nepal and Sri Lanka apart from the large domestic pilgrim tourists from other states. Rabong was the natural choice for installation of the statue as the town is located in the middle of the three most important Buddhist...

Zulca, Mita

224

Slide23 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Slide23 Slide23 Slide23 Developing Country Access Afghanistan Guatemala Nigeria Albania Guinea Pakistan Algeria Guinea-Bissau Palestinian Territories (West Bank/ Gaza) Angola Guyana Papua New Guinea Armenia Haiti Paraguay Azerbaijan Honduras Peru Bangladesh Indonesia Philippines Belize Iraq Rwanda Benin Jordan Samoa Bhutan Kenya Sao Tome and Principe Bolivia Kiribati Senegal Burkina Faso Kyrgyzstan Sierra Leone Burundi Lao People's Democratic Republic Solomon Islands Cambodia Lesotho Somalia Cameroon Liberia Sri Lanka Cape Verde Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Swaziland Central African Republic Madagascar Tajikistan Chad Malawi Tanzania, United Republic of Colombia Maldives Thailand Comoros Mali Timor-Leste Congo Marshall Islands Togo Congo, The Democratic Republic of Mauritania Tonga

225

Regional Climate Change Adaptation Platform for Asia | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Platform for Asia Platform for Asia Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Regional Climate Change Adaptation Platform for Asia Name Regional Climate Change Adaptation Platform for Asia Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Stockholm Environment Institute, Asian Institute of Technology/UNEP Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific Topics Adaptation, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.climateadapt.asia/ Country Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines UN Region Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia References Regional Climate Change Adaptation Platform for Asia[1] Overview "This initiative supports research and capacity building on climate change

226

Rural Energy Options Analysis Training Development and Implementation at NREL  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL has developed a rural energy options analysis training program for rural energy decision makers that provides knowledge, skills and tools for the evaluation of technologies, including renewables, for rural energy applications. Through the Department of Energy (DOE) Solar Energy Technologies Program (SETP), NREL has refined materials for the program and developed a module that offers hands-on training in the preparation of data for options analysis using HOMER, NREL's micropower optimization model. NREL has used the materials for training in Brazil, the Maldives, Mexico, and Sri Lanka.

Gilman, P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Household energy in South Asia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research study on the use of energy in South Asis (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh) was sponsored by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (the World Bank), and the Directorate-General for Development of the Commission of the European Communities. The aim of this book is to improve the understanding of household energy and its linkages, by reviewing the data resources on household energy use, supply, prices and other relevant factors that exist in South Asia.

Leach, G.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Asian Development Outlook 2010 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Asian Development Outlook 2010 Asian Development Outlook 2010 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Asian Development Outlook 2010: Macroeconomic Management Beyond the Crisis Agency/Company /Organization: Asian Development Bank Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Resource assessment Resource Type: Publications Website: www.adb.org/Documents/Books/ADO/2010/ado2010.pdf Country: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia (country), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, China, South Korea, Mongolia, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Vietnam, Singapore, Thailand, Philippines, Myanmar, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste UN Region: Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia

229

National Action Programmes on Desertification | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programmes on Desertification Programmes on Desertification Jump to: navigation, search Name National Action Programmes on Desertification Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification Sector Land Focus Area Forestry, Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.unccd.int/actionpro Country Algeria, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

230

Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-36  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-36 Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-36 Item Subject FAR case I.............. Federal Technical Data Solution (FedTeDS) 2008-038 II............. Fair Labor Standards Act and Service Contract 2007-021 Act Price Adjustment Clauses. III............ New Designated Country-Taiwan 2009-014 IV............. Prohibition on Restricted Business Operations 2008-004 in Sudan and Imports from Burma. V.............. List of Approved Attorneys, Abstractors, and 2006-013 Title Companies. VI............. Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) 2007-002 Administration and Associated Federal Acquisition Regulation Clauses. VII............ Technical Amendments

231

Microsoft Word - SEC J_Appendix D - Sensitive Foreign Nations Control  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

D, Page 1 D, Page 1 SECTION J APPENDIX D SENSITIVE FOREIGN NATIONS CONTROL 1. Pursuant to the Contract Section I Clause entitled "Sensitive Foreign Nations Controls," "sensitive foreign nations" is one of the countries listed below: Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) Pakistan Russia Sudan Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan 2. Due to the dynamic nature of world events, other countries may, at any time, become sensitive. Therefore, caution should be exercised with citizens of countries not listed above to

232

Understanding Resource Nationalism in the 21st Century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Resource nationalism in oil-importing states appears on the rise. Oil price volatility underpinned by demand growth has led China, India and others to increase state support for national-flag firms in order to increase the states energy self-sufficiency. Both Chinese and Indian National Oil Companies (NOCs) have made energy investments worldwide, including in Sudan and Iran. Long-standing oil importers such as the United States and Japan have reenergized policies designed to increase domestic production of crude and crude substitutes, or have subsidized national-flag firms, in the name of energy independence.

Hughes, Llewelyn; Kreyling, Sean J.

2010-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

233

Azo Dyes and Their Interfacial Activity: Implications for Multiphase Flow Experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interfacial effects play an important role in governing multiphase fluid behavior in porous media (Neustadter 1984; Tuck et al. 1988). For instance, several dimensionless numbers have been developed to express important force ratios applicable to multiphase flow in porous media (Morrow and Songkran 1981; Chatzis and Morrow 1984; Wardlaw 1988; Pennell et al. 1996; Dawson and Roberts 1997). These force ratios emphasize the importance of interfacial properties. Our objectives are to provide chemical information regarding the dyes commonly used in multiphase flow visualization studies and to show the surface chemistry effects of the most commonly used dye, Sudan IV, in the tetrachloroethylene (PCE)-water-glass system

Tuck, D.M.

1999-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

234

Newsfront 14-20 January 2008, Issue 49  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the category of fragile states. That, in other words, means Nepal being treated at par with countries like Afghanistan and Sudan As a result, the ministry of foreign affairs expects a drastic cut or withdrawal of grants from Japan unless the situation... , the government is hard pressed to clear debts to the Indian Oil Corporation that almost runs to an amount of rupees six billion, without which the normal supply of fuel including petroleum may be ham- pered in the days to come. The government may have to raise...

Ghimire, Yubaraj

235

meteorologic | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

meteorologic meteorologic Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A data set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. (Purpose): Simulations Source NREL Date Released August 02nd, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 07th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords GEF meteorologic NREL Sri Lanka SWERA TMY UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Data (zip, 2.4 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 1973 - 2002 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote

236

Electromobiles Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromobiles Pvt Ltd Electromobiles Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Electromobiles (Pvt) Ltd Place Colombo, Sri Lanka Sector Solar Product Manufacturers of solar powered motor bikes and cars. Coordinates 6.9272°, 79.8722° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":6.9272,"lon":79.8722,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

237

Decentralized Rural Electrification: the Critical Success Factors | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Decentralized Rural Electrification: the Critical Success Factors Decentralized Rural Electrification: the Critical Success Factors Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Decentralized Rural Electrification: the Critical Success Factors Agency/Company /Organization: Ray Holland, Lahiru Perera, Teodoro Sanchez, Dr Rona Wilkinson Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Phase: Create a Vision Topics: - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: cdn1.practicalaction.org/r/u/4d927f75-6660-426f-941e-13a02e33baf9.pdf? Cost: Free Language: English This review of recent practice draws on ITDG's twenty years experience of supporting off-grid solutions in Sri Lanka, Nepal, Zimbabwe and Peru in particular, and on work by other organisations in other countries, such as Indonesia, Kenya, Vietnam, South Africa.

238

Renewable Energy Workshops and Study Tours | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Workshops and Study Tours Renewable Energy Workshops and Study Tours Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Workshops and Study Tours Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Implementation Resource Type: Workshop Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Renewable Energy Workshops and Study Tours[1] Resources Study Tour to Sri Lanka on Growth of Off-grid Renewable Energy Industry Facilitation of Object Oriented Program Planning Workshop for Rural Electrification Policy and Strategy Development Community Energy Supply Options Capacity Building Activity References ↑ "Renewable Energy Workshops and Study Tours" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Renewable_Energy_Workshops_and_Study_Tours&oldid=329163

239

Geospatial Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geospatial Toolkit Geospatial Toolkit (Redirected from Geospatial Toolkits) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar, Wind Phase: Determine Baseline Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.nrel.gov/applying_technologies/geospatial_toolkits.html Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brazil, China, El Salvador, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oaxaca, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Turkey Cost: Free Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, South America, Eastern Asia, Central America, Western Africa, Central America, Central America, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, , Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia

240

Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Asian Cities Asian Cities Jump to: navigation, search Name Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank, World Bank, United States Agency for International Development Sector Energy Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health Website http://www.cleanairnet.org/cai Program Start 2001 Country Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam UN Region Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, "Pacific" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

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241

Energy Work | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Work Work Jump to: navigation, search Name Energy Work Place Kelaniya, Sri Lanka Sector Biomass, Renewable Energy, Solar Product Dealing with renewable energy applications, specifically solar and biomass power generation Coordinates 6.95°, 79.916702° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":6.95,"lon":79.916702,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

242

Geospatial Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geospatial Toolkit Geospatial Toolkit (Redirected from GsT) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar, Wind Phase: Determine Baseline Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.nrel.gov/applying_technologies/geospatial_toolkits.html Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brazil, China, El Salvador, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oaxaca, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Turkey Cost: Free Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, South America, Eastern Asia, Central America, Western Africa, Central America, Central America, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, , Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia

243

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Reply to comment Reply to comment Slide23 Submitted by gibsone on Fri, 2013-08-30 06:22 FY2011-hitson Slide23 Developing Country Access Afghanistan Guatemala Nigeria Albania Guinea Pakistan Algeria Guinea-Bissau Palestinian Territories (West Bank/ Gaza) Angola Guyana Papua New Guinea Armenia Haiti Paraguay Azerbaijan Honduras Peru Bangladesh Indonesia Philippines Belize Iraq Rwanda Benin Jordan Samoa Bhutan Kenya Sao Tome and Principe Bolivia Kiribati Senegal Burkina Faso Kyrgyzstan Sierra Leone Burundi Lao People's Democratic Republic Solomon Islands Cambodia Lesotho Somalia Cameroon Liberia Sri Lanka Cape Verde Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Swaziland Central African Republic Madagascar Tajikistan Chad Malawi Tanzania, United Republic of Colombia Maldives Thailand Comoros Mali Timor-Leste

244

Property:EnergyAccessYearInitiated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EnergyAccessYearInitiated EnergyAccessYearInitiated Jump to: navigation, search Property Name EnergyAccessYearInitiated Property Type Date Description Year Initiated Pages using the property "EnergyAccessYearInitiated" Showing 10 pages using this property. B Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project + 2009 + Burkina Faso Energy Access Project + 2007 + E Ethiopia Energy Access Project + 2005 + G Ghana Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) + 2007 + M Mongolia Renewable Energy and Rural Electricity Access Project + 2006 + P Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities + 2012 + R Republic of Yemen Energy Access Project + 2006 + S Sri Lanka Credit to Connect + 2011 + T Tanzania Energy Development and Access Expansion Project + 2007 + V Viet Nam Rural Electrification + 2009 +

245

Stand Alone Renewable Energy Systems Case Studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stand Alone Renewable Energy Systems Case Studies Stand Alone Renewable Energy Systems Case Studies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Stand Alone Renewable Energy Systems Case Studies Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: - Landfill Gas, Solar, - Solar PV, Offsets and Certificates Topics: Market analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Background analysis Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices, Case studies/examples Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, Country: Nepal, Sri Lanka, India, China, Bangladesh, Argentina, Honduras, Bolivia, Nicaragua, Uganda, Senegal Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South America, Central America, South America, Central America, Eastern Africa, Western Africa

246

Rural Energy Services Best Practices | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Practices Practices Jump to: navigation, search Name Rural Energy Services Best Practices Agency/Company /Organization United States Agency for International Development Partner South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Implementation Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.sari-energy.org/Pro Country Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Rural Energy Services Best Practices[1] Summary "The rural electricity market is very complex in South Asia. This is due to fact that the traditional model of utility-based centralized grid extension cannot cover the entire population for demographic and economic reasons. To some extent the gap in providing rural electrification has been filled by

247

Historic Land Use and Carbon Estimates for South and Southeast Asia:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Historic Land Use and Carbon Estimates for South and Southeast Asia: Historic Land Use and Carbon Estimates for South and Southeast Asia: 1880-1980 (1994) (NDP-046) DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/lue.ndp046 data Data PDF PDF Contributors J. F. Richards and E. P. Flint Description This data base contains estimates of land use change and the carbon content of vegetation for South and Southeast Asia for the years 1880, 1920, 1950, 1970, and 1980. These data were originally collected for climate modelers so they could reduce the uncertainty associated with the magnitude and time course of historical land use change and of carbon release. For this data base, South and Southeast Asia is defined as encompassing nearly 8 × 106 km2 of the earth's land surface and includes the countries of India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Kampuchea (Cambodia),

248

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment Agency/Company /Organization: U.S. Agency for International Development Sector: Energy Topics: Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.usaid.gov/rdma/documents/RDMA_Asia-Pacific_Climate_Change_Adaptati Country: China, Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Laos, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Vanuatu UN Region: Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia References: Asia-Pacific Adaptation Assessment[1]

249

Sustainable Development Strategy for South Asia | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name Sustainable Development Strategy for South Asia Agency/Company /Organization AIT-UNEP Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific Sector Energy, Land Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Guide/manual Website http://www.rrcap.unep.org/nsds Country Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Maldives, Pakistan, Sri Lanka UN Region South-Eastern Asia References AIT-UNEP RRC.AP[1] Purpose "This document is expected to provide the strategic direction for the pursuit of sustainable development in the SAS. It is important to note that this document addresses the issues at the sub-regional level, building upon national level issues and policies but particularly addressing those transcending and common to the countries in the SAS. It is expected that

250

South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development (SARI/Energy) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development (SARI/Energy) Name South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development (SARI/Energy) Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia References USAID Regional Climate Programs[1] Abstract SARI/Energy is at the center of efforts to strengthen public-private sector partnerships and regional economic cooperation. By promoting rational use of regional energy supplies, SARI/Energy contributes to energy security, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and overall improvements in environmental quality and human health in the region.

251

hourly data | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

data data Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. Solar radiation is modeled using the NREL METSTAT model, with surface observed cloud cover being the principal model input. Each container file contains up to 30 yearly files for one station, plus the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) file for the selected station, plus documentation files and a TMY data reader file for use with Microsoft Excel. Source U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Date Released May 03rd, 2005 (9 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DNI GHI hourly data NREL solar Sri Lanka SWERA TILT TMY UNEP Data application/zip icon Download TMY data (zip, 67.5 MiB)

252

VARIABILITY OF FATTY ACID COMPOSITION IN INTERSPECIFIC HYBRIDS OF MUSTARD BRASSICA JUNCEA AND BRASSICA NAPUS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Sri Lanka, mustard (Brassica juncea) is cultivated as a subsidiary crop for the seeds used as a condiment in cooking. In the Indian sub-continent, however, it is an important oilseed crop used as a source of vegetable oil. Mustard has over 45 % erucic acid (C22:1) which is unsuitable nutritionally for human consumption. The Brassica oilseed species, B. napus and B. campestris, were developed in Europe and Canada, known as canola, by conventional breeding methods to alter their fatty acid composition and reduce erucic acid and glucosinolates to nutritionally accepted levels for human consumption. Sri Lanka has over 60 accessions of B. juncea. In this study, the fatty acid composition of 12 accessions was determined. Erucic acid was in the range of 37 45%, oleic acid was low at 13.8 % while the polyunsaturated linoleic and linolenic acids were 18.6 % and 10.5 % respectively. To alter the fatty acid composition of mustard, canola quality B. napus cultivars from W. Australia were crossed with B. juncea accessions. Only crosses with canola as the male parent set seeds. The crossability (podset per 100 pollinations) was dependent on the genotype of the canola parent. Hybrid embryos were rescued onto an artificial medium. Plants were raised from these embryos and F1 seeds were obtained by selfing. The fatty acid composition of the F1 seeds showed a shift towards the canola parent. To stabilize the fatty acid composition and improve the agronomic characteristics of B. juncea, a breeding strategy needs to be developed. Interspecific crosses and embryo rescue are a viable method to alter the fatty acid composition of B. juncea towards canola quality for human consumption.

M. C. M. Iqbal; S. R. Weerakoon; P. K. D. Peiris

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Oil and gas developments in Far East in 1981  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum activity throughout the Far East region was brisk during 1981. Exploration acreage acquisition, drilling, and seismic activity proceeded rapidly in all of the main producing countries. In addition, activity expanded into some hitherto relatively inactive areas such as onshore Thailand, Sri Lanka, North Vietnam, etc. Exploration drilling increased approximately 12% in 1981. Indonesia was the most active country in the Far East again in 1981. Numerous discoveries were recorded. Exploration in India started in earnest along the east coast. Burma also recorded a busy year along the Irrawaddy River. Sri Lanka experienced exploration drilling in 1981 for the first time since 1976. Onshore Thailand had a flurry of activity and provided the most significant discoveries in the Far East Region. The Philippines also had an active year and progressed rapidly with development work on 2 additional producing fields. Production from the Far East region again declined slightly to an estimated 4.4 million BOPD. With no major discoveries over the last few years, present producing fields are for the most part fully developed and on the decline. Acreage acquisition during 1981 showed a large increase in many parts of the region. Indonesia offered 9 exploration blocks. All were successfully tendered. Onshore Thailand also had intense competition for areas adjacent to oil and gas discoveries by Shell and Esso. Participation by foreign contractors in exploration and production ventures throughout the Far East region increased during 1982. Countries such as Bangladesh, Burma, India, Thailand, and Malaysia all experienced increased interest by foreign companies. On the other hand, relinquishments by contractors in Pakistan and Philippines indicated a decrease in interest in those areas. (JMT)

Fletcher, G.L.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Crustal thinning between the Ethiopian and East African Plateaus from modeling Rayleigh wave dispersion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The East African and Ethiopian Plateaus have long been recognized to be part of a much larger topographic anomaly on the African Plate called the African Superswell. One of the few places within the African Superswell that exhibit elevations of less than 1 km is southeastern Sudan and northern Kenya, an area containing both Mesozoic and Cenozoic rift basins. Crustal structure and uppermost mantle velocities are investigated in this area by modeling Rayleigh wave dispersion. Modeling results indicate an average crustal thickness of 25 {+-} 5 km, some 10-15 km thinner than the crust beneath the adjacent East African and Ethiopian Plateaus. The low elevations can therefore be readily attributed to an isostatic response from crustal thinning. Low Sn velocities of 4.1-4.3 km/s also characterize this region.

Benoit, M H; Nyblade, A A; Pasyanos, M E

2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

255

CEE Distinguished Lecture - Ashok Gadgil on "Innovating Technologies for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CEE Distinguished Lecture - Ashok Gadgil on "Innovating Technologies for CEE Distinguished Lecture - Ashok Gadgil on "Innovating Technologies for the Poorest Two Billion" Speaker(s): Ashok Gadgil Date: April 30, 2013 - 5:00pm - 6:00pm Location: Banatao Auditorium, Sutardja Dai Hall (UCB Campus) Seminar Host/Point of Contact: JoAnne Lambert Two recent technology innovations could improve the lives of tens - possibly hundreds - of millions of people among the poorest two billion on the planet. Both technologies have emerged in the last few years from focused, goal-driven research by teams of creative, hard-working researchers in the Gadgil laboratory and in the field. The first technology innovation is the Berkeley-Darfur Stove, which is an inexpensive, fuel-efficient biomass stove for use by displaced women and girls in Darfur, Sudan. The second innovation is Electrochemical Arsenic

256

Governance for Sustainable Development in the Arab Region | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sustainable Development in the Arab Region Sustainable Development in the Arab Region Jump to: navigation, search Name Governance for Sustainable Development in the Arab Region: Institutions and Instruments for Moving Beyond an Environmental Management Culture Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Buildings, Industry, Transportation Topics Finance, Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Guide/manual Website http://www.escwa.un.org/inform Country Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen Western Asia, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia

257

I. Notification of Employee Rights Under the National Labor Relations Act. Case 2010-006  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

List of Rules in FAC 2005-54 List of Rules in FAC 2005-54 I. Notification of Employee Rights Under the National Labor Relations Act. Case 2010-006 II. Preventing Personal Conflicts of Interest for Contractor Employees Performing Acquisition Functions Case 2008-025 III. Small Disadvantaged Business Program Self-Certification Case 2009-019. IV. Certification Requirement and Procurement Prohibition Relating to Iran Sanctions Case 2010-018 V. Representation Regarding Export of Sensitive Technology to Iran (Interim)Case 2010- 024 VI. Set-Asides for Small Business (Interim) Case 2011-024 VII. Sudan Waiver Process.Case 2009-041 VIII. Successor Entities to the Netherlands Antilles Case 2011-014 IX. Labor Relations Costs Case 2009-006 IX. Technical Amendments Item I--Notification of Employee Rights Under the National Labor Relations Act (FAR Case

258

Potential of biomass conversion in meeting the energy needs of the rural populations of developing countries: an overview  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A preliminary assessment is presented of the contribution that biomass conversion could make in the context of the rural areas of six developing countries: India, Indonesia, Peru, Sudan, Tanzania, and Thailand. The technologies selected for analysis are: anaerobic digestion of wet biomass to produce methane and pyrolysis of dry biomass to produce charcoal, liquid fuels, and low-Btu gases. Preliminary estimates are made of the amounts of fuels that could be produced in each of the selected countries by a combination of these technologies. It was found that, with the exception of India, implementation of these technologies could potentially meet the future energy needs of their rural populations for both subsistence and development. (MHR)

Mubayi, V.; Lee, J.; Chatterjee, R.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Quantum Private Information Retrieval has linear communication complexity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Private Information Retrieval (PIR), a client queries an n-bit database in order to retrieve an entry of her choice, while maintaining privacy of her query value. Chor, Goldreich, Kushilevitz, and Sudan showed that, in the information-theoretical setting, a linear amount of communication is required for classical PIR protocols (and thus that the trivial protocol is optimal). This linear lower bound was shown by Nayak to hold also in the quantum setting. Here, we extend Nayak's result by considering approximate privacy, and requiring security only against "specious" adversaries, which are, in analogy to classical honest-but-curious adversaries, the weakest reasonable quantum adversaries. We show that, even in this weakened scenario, Quantum Private Information Retrieval (QPIR) requires n qubits of communication. From this follows that Le Gall's recent QPIR protocol with sublinear communication complexity is not information-theoretically private, against the weakest reasonable cryptographic adversary.

min Baumeler; Anne Broadbent

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

260

Electricity economics: essays and case studies  

SciTech Connect

These studies deal with the economic theory and practice of pricing and investment in electricity supply. There are seven chapters on applications, five on principles, and the final four clear up some deficiencies in existing theory. The chapters following an introductory chapter are Economics, Finance, and Equity in Tariff Policy; Electricity Tariffs in Thailand; Electricity Tariffs in Tunisia; Electricity Tariffs in Sudan; An American Tariff Structure; Rural Electrification in Developing Countries; Electricity Development in Turkey: A Case Study Using Linear Programming; How to Study Tariffs; The Rate of Return on Projects--and Relations between Pricing and Investments; The Willingness-to-Pay Criterion; a Layman's Guide to Shadow Pricing; Investment Planning Models; Optimal Electricity Pricing Under Uncertainty; Cost Structure in Hydro and Hydro-Thermal Systems; Tariff Structures with Simple Metering; and A Note on Optimal Pricing and Indivisibilities. (MCW)

Turvey, R.; Anderson, D.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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261

Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Agency/Company /Organization International Food Policy Research Institute Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory Resource Type Publications Website http://www.ifpri.org/sites/def Country Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

262

LBNL-Cookstoves Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cookstoves Projects Cookstoves Projects Jump to: navigation, search Name LBNL-Cookstoves Projects Agency/Company /Organization Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) Sector Energy Focus Area Biomass, - Biomass Combustion Topics Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Website http://cookstoves.lbl.gov/ Country Sudan, Ethiopia, Haiti, Mongolia Northern Africa, Eastern Africa, Caribbean, Eastern Asia References Website[1] "In 2005, the U.S. government asked Dr. Ashok Gadgil, Director of Lawrence Berkeley National Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division, for a solution to this grave problem. His team designed a fuel-efficient cookstove which is tailored to Darfur's climate and cooking. The Berkeley-Darfur Stove requires less than half the fuel of traditional

263

Efficient Cook Stoves for Darfur : Future Technologies : From the Lab to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Efficient Cook Stoves for Darfur Efficient Cook Stoves for Darfur From the Lab to the Marketplace Ten Years Later, Energy Efficient Technologies from Research at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab logo (left) with six rows of gray dots transitioning to a line art drawing of a cityscape and residential houses. Efficient Cook Stoves for Darfur Beginning in 2003, hundreds of thousands of people have been killed, and another 2.2 million have become internal refugees in the Darfur region of Sudan. Although the refugees are relatively safe inside the refugee camps, they risk murder and rape when they leave to fetch firewood. To reduce the amount of firewood the refugees need, Berkeley Lab scientist Ashok Gadgil modified an existing cookstove design to create one that is 75% more

264

Maldives | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maldives Maldives Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This document describes the development of detailed high-resolution (1 km2) wind energy resource maps for Sri Lanka and the Maldives. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within Sri Lanka and the Maldives. Source NREL Date Released August 21st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated August 21st, 2006 (8 years ago) Keywords documentation GEF GIS Maldives NREL Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP wind Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 30.1 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2006 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Restrictions to use (Use Constraints): This GIS data was developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory ("NREL"), which is operated by the Midwest Research Institute for the U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE"). The user is granted the right, without any fee or cost, to use, copy, modify, alter, enhance and distribute this data for any purpose whatsoever, provided that this entire notice appears in all copies of the data. Further, the user of this data agrees to credit NREL in any publications or software that incorporate or use the data. Access to and use of the GIS data shall further impose the following obligations on the User. The names DOE/NREL may not be used in any advertising or publicity to endorse or promote any product or commercial entity using or incorporating the GIS data unless specific written authorization is obtained from DOE/NREL. The User also understands that DOE/NREL shall not be obligated to provide updates, support, consulting, training or assistance of any kind whatsoever with regard to the use of the GIS data. THE GIS DATA IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL DOE/NREL BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO CLAIMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE LOSS OF DATA OR PROFITS, WHICH MAY RESULT FROM AN ACTION IN CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS CLAIM THAT ARISES OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE ACCESS OR USE OF THE GIS DATA. The User acknowledges that access to the GIS data is subject to U.S. Export laws and regulations and any use or transfer of the GIS data must be authorized under those regulations. The User shall not use, distribute, transfer, or transmit GIS data or any products incorporating the GIS data except in compliance with U.S. export regulations. If requested by DOE/NREL, the User agrees to sign written assurances and other export-related documentation as may be required to comply with U.S. export regulations.

265

Meteorology: typical meteorological year data for selected stations in Sri  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A data set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): A TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year. The intended use is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years. Because they represent typical rather than extreme conditions, they are not suited for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location.

266

Grid-Connected Renewable Energy Systems Case Studies | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Grid-Connected Renewable Energy Systems Case Studies Grid-Connected Renewable Energy Systems Case Studies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Grid-Connected Renewable Energy Systems Case Studies Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices, Case studies/examples Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, Country: Uganda, Mexico, Turkey, Germany, Sri Lanka, China Eastern Africa, Central America, Western Asia, Western Europe, Southern Asia, Eastern Asia Coordinates: 1.373333°, 32.290275° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":1.373333,"lon":32.290275,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

267

High Resolution Solar Energy Resource Assessment within the UNEP Project  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High Resolution Solar Energy Resource Assessment within the UNEP Project High Resolution Solar Energy Resource Assessment within the UNEP Project SWERA Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): To expand the world wide use of renewable energy a consistent, reliable, verifiable, and easily accessible database of solar energy resources is needed. Within the UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) Project SWERA (Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment, http://swera.unep.net), funded by GEF (Global Environment Facility), a global database of solar and wind energy resources will be set up. SWERA will provide, beside the wind products, global horizontal irradiance, which is mostly used to plan photovoltaic systems, and direct normal irradiance, which is needed for solar concentrating systems. For selected countries throughout the world, additionally high resolution data will be produced which is required to plan solar energy systems in detail. Within SWERA, the partners DLR, SUNY and INPE calculate solar irradiance with high temporal resolution of 1 hour and with a spatial resolution of 10km x 10km. By processing data from geostationary satellites we provide solar irradiance data for Cuba, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Brazil, Ghana, Ethiopia, Kenya, China, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Bangladesh. In this paper we describe the ongoing work of developing this high resolution solar irradiance tx_metadatatool and cross-checking of the used solar irradiance algorithms for various satellite data.

268

Mini Grid Renewable Energy-Economic and Financial Analysis | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mini Grid Renewable Energy-Economic and Financial Analysis Mini Grid Renewable Energy-Economic and Financial Analysis Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Mini Grid Renewable Energy-Economic and Financial Analysis Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation, Market analysis, Background analysis Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, Country: Sri Lanka, Peru Southern Asia, South America Coordinates: 7.873054°, 80.771797° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":7.873054,"lon":80.771797,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

269

CMC Participation in the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (RCSS) Workshop: Defense, Technology and Cooperative Security in South Asia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As an ongoing part of the collaborative efforts between the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) at Sandia National Laboratories, the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), staff from the CMC served as faculty in conducting a workshop in Shanghai, China. Sponsor of the workshop was the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (RCSS) based in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The workshop included participants from throughout South Asia and China. The CMC presented four sessions related to the role of monitoring technologies in promoting regional security and building confidence among nations. Participation in these workshops supports U.S. efforts to further regional cooperation and promote arms control, nonproliferation and other cooperative securily measures and supplements efforts funded by DOE and ACDA over the past four years. The RCSS Shanghai meeting permitted a continued CMC involvement in regionally conducted training for anew generation of leaders in government, the military, and academia throughout South Asia and China. Nuclear issues are clearly a dominant South Asian concern since the nuclear tests of May 1998. However, there remains a strong interest in identifying opportunities for increased trade and reduced tensions in other areas. The RCSS and other regional organizations are enthusiastic about continued CMC involvement in future regional courses.

Biringer, K.L.; Olsen, J.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

The Java-Sumatra Aerial Mega-Tramway  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A mega-tramway based on the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Java is proposed to span Sunda Strait. The Java-Sumatra Aerial Mega-Tramway (JSAMT) will be self-elevating and will regularly and cheaply launch passengers and cargoes via two conveyor belt-like facilities using standard winged shipping containers like those currently used by international trucking and ocean shipping industries that are volplaned across the Sunda Strait. The JSAMT will be a self-sustaining toll facility free of any requirement for international loans or funding guarantees for its construction. Its existence will remove any immediate need for an expensive to dig/maintain Nusantara Tunnel. We offer the formative basic technical specifications for the JSAMT and indicate some of the physical and cultural geographical facts underpinning our macro-engineering proposal; offshoots of a perfected and tested JSAMT may be installed at Palk Strait between India and Sri Lanka, the Gibraltar Strait and the Bering Strait by mid-21st Century.

Alexander Bolonkin; Richard Cathcart

2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

271

South Asia Water Resources Workshop: An effort to promote water quality data sharing in South Asia  

SciTech Connect

To promote cooperation in South Asia on environmental research, an international working group comprised of participants from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the US convened at the Soaltee Hotel in Kathmandu, Nepal, September 12 to 14, 1999. The workshop was sponsored in part by the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, through funding provided by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nonproliferation and National Security. The CMC promotes collaborations among scientists and researchers in regions throughout the world as a means of achieving common regional security objectives. In the long term, the workshop organizers and participants are interested in the significance of regional information sharing as a means to build confidence and reduce conflict. The intermediate interests of the group focus on activities that might eventually foster regional management of some aspects of water resources utilization. The immediate purpose of the workshop was to begin the implementation phase of a project to collect and share water quality information at a number of river and coastal estuary locations throughout the region. The workshop participants achieved four objectives: (1) gaining a better understanding of the partner organizations involved; (2) garnering the support of existing regional organizations promoting environmental cooperation in South Asia; (3) identifying sites within the region at which data is to be collected; and (4) instituting a data and information collection and sharing process.

RAJEN,GAURAV; BIRINGER,KENT L.; BETSILL,J. DAVID

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

Brown, S.

2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

273

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Techniques in ESCWA Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.escwa.un.org/information/publications/edit/upload/sdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen UN Region: "Western Asia & North Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

274

Production of sugarcane and tropical grasses as renewable energy source. Third annual report, 1979-1980  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Research continued on tropical grasses from Saccharum and related genera as sources of intensively-propagated fiber and fermentable solids. Candidate screening for short-rotation grasses was expanded to include six sorghum x Sudan grass hybrids developed by the Dekalb Company. Sugacane and napier grass yield trends in year 3 include: (1) Increased yields with delay of harvest frequency; (2) lack of response to close spacing; (3) a superiority of napier grass over sugarcane when harvested at intervals of six months or less; and (4) a general superiority of the sugarcane variety NCo 310 over varieties PR 980 and PR 64-1791. Delayed tasseling of a wild, early-flowering S. spontaneum hybrid enabled three crosses to be made in December using commercial hybrids as female parents. Approximately 1000 seedlings were produced. The first field-scale minimum tillage experiment was completed. Sordan 77 produced 2.23 OD tons/acre/10 weeks, with winter growing conditions and a total moisture input of 4.75 inches. Mechanization trials included successful planting of napier grass with a sugarcane planter, and the mowing, solar-drying, and round--baling of napier grass aged three to six months. Production-cost and energy-balance studies were initiated during year 3 using first-ratoon data for intensively propagated sugarcane. Preliminary cost estimates for energy cane (sugarcane managed for total biomass rather than sucrose) were in the order of $25.46/OD ton, or about $1.70/mm Btus.

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Established by the World Health Assembly in 2010,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the third annual World Hepatitis Day will be observed July 28, 2013. Viral hepatitis is a leading cause of infectious disease mortality globally, each year causing approximately 1.4 million deaths (1). Most of these deaths occur among the approximately 400 million persons living with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus infection who die from cirrhosis or liver cancer years and decades after their infection. In addition to HBV, hepatitis A virus is a leading cause of vaccine-preventable death globally (1). Hepatitis E virus (HEV) also causes significant morbidity and mortality, particularly in Asia and Africa. HBV and HEV infection are important yet largely neglected causes of maternal and infant morbidity and mortality in resource-constrained settings. This issue of MMWR includes a report describing the investigation of a hepatitis E outbreak among refugees in South Sudan, where a significant proportion of affected pregnant women died from HEV infection. A second report from Laos describes missed opportunities for vaccination of newborns to protect them from mother-to-child transmission of HBV. Prevention of both new infections and mortality from viral hepatitis are the goals of global control efforts. Additional information on viral hepatitis for health professionals and the public is available at

unknown authors

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

African sedimentary basins - Tectonic controls on prospectivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important prerequisite for the evaluation of any sedimentary basin is the understanding of its regional tectonic setting. This is especially so in the underexplored regions of Africa. The majority of African sedimentary basins developed in an extensional setting although some have undergone subsequent compressional or transpressional deformation. The geometry and evolution of these basins is often influenced by basement structure. The extensional phase of basin development controls not only the distribution of syn-rift sediments but also the magnitude of post-rift regional subsidence and the preservation or removal of pre-rift sediments. This has important consequences for exploration models of syn-rift and pre-rift source rocks and reservoirs. Post-rift basin inversion and uplift provide crucial controls on the preservation of mature source rocks and quality of reservoirs. The distribution, nature, timing, and possible mechanisms of this uplift in Africa will be addressed. The hydrocarbon prospectivity of African basis appears to be highly variable although the limited exploration of some regions makes the exact extent of this variability unclear. Basins considered potentially prospective range from late Precambrian to Tertiary in age. The various tectonic controls outlined above, and criteria for the evaluation of underexplored areas, will be demonstrated by reference to basins studied by The Robertson Group. Examples described include basins from Bagon, Angola, Namibia, East Africa, Tertiary Rift and Karoo Rifts, and North Africa (Sudan, Egypt, Algeria, and Morocco).

Bunter, M.A.G.; Crossley, R.; Hammill, M.; Jones, P.W.; Morgan, R.K.; Needham, D.T.; Spaargaren, F.A. (Robertson Group plc, Gwynedd (England))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Summer cover crops and soil amendments to improve growth and nutrient uptake of okra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A pot experiment with summer cover crops and soil amendments was conducted in two consecutive years to elucidate the effects of these cover crops and soil amendments on 'Clemson Spineless 80' okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) yields and biomass production, and the uptake and distribution of soil nutrients and trace elements. The cover crops were sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), velvetbean (Mucuna deeringiana), and sorghum sudan-grass (Sorghum bicolor x S. bicolor var. sudanense) with fallow as the control. The organic soil amendments were biosolids (sediment from wastewater plants), N-Viro Soil (a mixture of biosolids and coal ash), coal ash (a combustion by-product from power plants), co-compost (a mixture of 3 biosolids: 7 yard waste), and yard waste compost (mainly from leaves and branches of trees and shrubs, and grass clippings) with a soil-incorporated cover crop as the control. As a subsequent vegetable crop, okra was grown after the cover crops, alone or together with the organic soil amendments, had been incorporated. All of the cover crops, except sorghum sudangrass in 2002-03, significantly improved okra fruit yields and the total biomass production. Both cover crops and soil amendments can substantially improve nutrient uptake and distribution. The results suggest that cover crops and appropriate amounts of soil amendments can be used to improve soil fertility and okra yield without adverse environmental effects or risk of contamination of the fruit. Further field studies will be required to confirm these findings.

Wang, Q.R.; Li, Y.C.; Klassen, W. [University of Florida, Homestead, FL (United States). Center for Tropical Research & Education

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

278

Turnover of dhurrin in green sorghum seedlings. [Sorghum bicolor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The turnover of dhurrin in green seedlings of Sorghum bicolor (Linn) Moench var Redland x Greenleaf, Sudan 70 has been investigated using glyphosate and pulse-labeling studies with {sup 14}C-tyrosine and ({sup 14}C)shikimic acid. The rate of dhurrin breakdown was 4.8 nanomoles per hour in the shoot and 1.4 nanomoles per hour in the root. The rate of dhurrin accumulation in the shoot of 4- to 5-day-old seedlings was high but decreased with age until at the peak period of dhurrin accumulation, the rates of dhurrin synthesis and breakdown were equal. Using a first order equation (an approximation) the rate of dhurrin synthesis (which equals accumulation plus breakdown rates) was 17.4 nanomoles per hour in the shoot and 4.1 nanomoles per hour in the root. In both tissues, the breakdown rate was between 27 and 34% of their synthetic capacity within the experimental period. Dhurrin synthesis in green sorghum seedlings occurred in both the light and dark photoperiods but was faster in the dark period. The result is discussed in relation to the possible metabolic roles of the turnover.

Adewusi, S.R.A. (Obafemi Awolowo Univ., Ile-Ife (Nigeria))

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Packaged air cleaning systems tame desert dust storms in Oman  

SciTech Connect

Vast storms created when cold, northwesterly air masses slam into hot, southwesterly monsoons, moving lethargically over the Sudan and Red Sea, generate swift downdrafts that strike the ground and deflect forward in a powerful, swirling air stream up to 500 km long. As the wind moves along the ground, it churns up particles ranging in size from 80 to 2000 micrometers. This churning also kicks up particles in the 0.1 to 80 micrometer range, and these may rise to heights of 500 m or more, the smaller of which remain suspended for hours. These conditions made it imperative to protect the blades and internal mechanisms of the gas turbines in use at Yibal, Sultanate of Oman. Each of the gas turbines is equipped with a packaged intake air cleaning system. Because no single air filter has been designed to handle effectively the extremely high concentrations of particulates encountered during storms, the AAF air filters are multistage filtration systems. These systems are discussed.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Evaluating climate models: Should we use weather or climate observations?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calling the numerical models that we use for simulations of climate change 'climate models' is a bit of a misnomer. These 'general circulation models' (GCMs, AKA global climate models) and their cousins the 'regional climate models' (RCMs) are actually physically-based weather simulators. That is, these models simulate, either globally or locally, daily weather patterns in response to some change in forcing or boundary condition. These simulated weather patterns are then aggregated into climate statistics, very much as we aggregate observations into 'real climate statistics'. Traditionally, the output of GCMs has been evaluated using climate statistics, as opposed to their ability to simulate realistic daily weather observations. At the coarse global scale this may be a reasonable approach, however, as RCM's downscale to increasingly higher resolutions, the conjunction between weather and climate becomes more problematic. We present results from a series of present-day climate simulations using the WRF ARW for domains that cover North America, much of Latin America, and South Asia. The basic domains are at a 12 km resolution, but several inner domains at 4 km have also been simulated. These include regions of complex topography in Mexico, Colombia, Peru, and Sri Lanka, as well as a region of low topography and fairly homogeneous land surface type (the U.S. Great Plains). Model evaluations are performed using standard climate analyses (e.g., reanalyses; NCDC data) but also using time series of daily station observations. Preliminary results suggest little difference in the assessment of long-term mean quantities, but the variability on seasonal and interannual timescales is better described. Furthermore, the value-added by using daily weather observations as an evaluation tool increases with the model resolution.

Oglesby, Robert J [ORNL; Erickson III, David J [ORNL

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lanka sudan suriname" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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281

Historic land use and carbon estimates for South and Southeast Asia: 1880--1980  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the contents of a digital data base containing estimates of land use change and the carbon content of vegetation for South and Southeast Asia for the years 1880, 1920, 1950, 1970, and 1980. These data were originally collected for climate modelers, so they could reduce the uncertainty associated with the magnitude and time course of historical land use change and of carbon release. For this data base, South and Southeast Asia is defined as the countries of India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Kampuchea (Cambodia), Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, Indonesia, and the Philippines. The most important change in land use over the 100 year period was the conversion of 107 {times} 10{sup 6} ha of forest/woodland to categories with lower biomass. Land thus transformed accounted for 13.5% of the total area of the study region. The estimated total carbon content of live vegetation in South and Southeast Asia has dropped progressively, from 59 {times} 10{sup 9} Mg in 1880 to 27 {times} 10{sup 9} Mg in 1980. Throughout the study period the carbon stock in forests was greater than the carbon content in all other categories combined, although its share of the total declined progressively from 81% in 1880 to 73% in 1980. The data base itself was developed in Lotus 1-2-3{trademark} using a sequential bookkeeping model. The source data were obtained at the local and regional level for each country from official agricultural and economic statistics from historical geographic and demographic texts, reports, and articles; and from any other available source. Because of boundary changes through time and disparities between the validity, availability, and scale of the data for each country, the data were aggregated into 94 ecological zones. The resulting data base contains land use and carbon information for 94 ecological zones and national totals for 13 countries.

Daniels, R.C. [ed.] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center]|[Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center; Richards, J.F.; Flint, E.P. [Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States). Dept. of History

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Stratigraphy and rifting history of the Mesozoic-Cenozoic Anza rift, Kenya  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lithological and compositional relationships, thicknesses, and palynological data from drilling cuttings from five wells in the Anza rift, Kenya, indicate active rifting during the Late Cretaceous and Eocene-Oligocene. The earlier rifting possibly started in the Santonian-Coniacian, primarily occurred in the Campanian, and probably extended into the Maastrichtian. Anza rift sedimentation was in lacustrine, lacustrine-deltaic, fluvial, and flood-basin environments. Inferred synrift intervals in wells are shalier, thicker, more compositionally immature, and more poorly sorted than Lower Cretaceous ( )-lower Upper Cretaceous and upper Oligocene( )-Miocene interrift deposits. Synrift sandstone is mostly feldspathic or arkosic wacke. Sandstone deposited in the Anza basin during nonrift periods is mostly quartz arenite, and is coarser and has a high proportion of probable fluvial deposits relative to other facies. Volcanic debris is absent in sedimentary strata older than Pliocene-Holocene, although small Cretaceous intrusions are present in the basin. Cretaceous sandstone is cemented in places by laumontite, possibly recording Campanian extension. Early Cretaceous history of the Anza basin is poorly known because of the limited strata sampled; Jurassic units were not reached. Cretaceous rifting in the Anza basin was synchronous with rifting in Sudan and with the breakup and separation of South America and Africa; these events likely were related. Eocene-Oligocene extension in the Anza basin reflects different stresses. The transition from active rifting to passive subsidence in the Anza basin at the end of the Neogene, in turn, records a reconfigured response of east African plates to stresses and is correlated with formation of the East Africa rift.

Winn, R.D. Jr.; Steinmetz, J.C. (Marathon Oil Co., Littleton, CO (United States)); Kerekgyarto, W.L. (Marathon Oil Co., Houston, TX (United States))

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) - Bangladesh | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(SWERA) - Bangladesh (SWERA) - Bangladesh Dataset Summary Description Reduction of global greenhouse gas emission to arrest global warming requires minimizing the use of fossil fuels. To achieve this a large scale use of renewable energies must be made over the globe for production of electrical and thermal energy. Success of wind and solar energy projects require detailed and precise information on the resources. For most developing countries adequate information on the resources are not available.UNEP supported by GEF has started a program to assess solar and wind resources for a number of countries including Bangladesh, China, Brazil, Nepal and Sri Lanka in the initial program.World resources of oil, gas and coal are limited and there is a global concern about this but for Bangladesh the situation appears to be extremely unhappy as per capita reserve of fossil fuels is only 1/50th to 1/100th of world per capita. A close look at Bangladesh energy scenario is presented before going to an overview of the results of resource assessments for wind and solar energy under the SWERA Program carried out for Bangladesh withRERC as the local partner. Data and maps for Bangladesh are available in the SWERA website. Details of assessment techniques and results will be presented in the following sections together with the possible applications of the resources.A spin-off from the SWERA Project is development of manpower trained at home and abroad in WAsP techniques, RETScreen and HOMER analyses and the capability development for using GIS Toolkit.NREL, RISOE and DLR produced modeled maps and data sets for Bangladesh and NREL developed the GIS Toolkit. RERC measured and collected ground data and standardized the maps and data sets.Mr. Tom Hamlin of UNEP who has been the project manager for SWERA activities always extended his helping hands to RERC which enabled the completion of the project.TERI has played a vital role as the Regional Coordinator.

284

Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa  

SciTech Connect

Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such products. A contract has been competitively awarded to the Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) under the Lighting Africa Program to select and test ten solar lantern product models. Lantern selection will be determined based on a number of criteria, among them, the ability to provide a daily duty cycle of at least 3 hours of light, the number of days of autonomy of battery, the volume of sales (especially in Africa), and whether or not the manufacturing facility is ISO 9000 certified. Those that are confirmed as meeting the specifications may be eligible to receive a PVGAP quality seal. The work is being carried out in partnership with the Photovoltaic and Wind Quality Test Center in Beijing, China and TUV Rhineland in Koeln, Germany. As off-grid LED-based stand-alone lighting products is in a nascent stage of development compared to CFL-based lanterns, Lighting Africa will support the development of a 'Quality Screening' approach to selecting LED lighting, in order not to delay consumers benefiting from such advances. The screening methodology could be used by procurement agencies to qualify LED lighting products for bulk or programmatic procurements. The main elements of this work comprises of developing a procurement specification and test procedure for undertaking a 'quick' quality/usability screening to be used for procuring LED lights and to test up to 30 LED-based lights to screen products that meet the requirement. The second strategy is intended to meet a longer-term need associated with creating a self-sustaining product quality assurance program that will effectively protect the African consumer, prevent significant market spoiling, adapt with expected technological advancements over the long-term--in other words, give consumers the ability to detect quality products and the information needed to find products that meet their specific needs from among the myriad of lighting products that become available commercially. Workshop discussions and the discussions evolving from the workshop led the Lighting Africa team to opt for an approach similar to that of th

World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

2008-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

285

Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFO{trademark} exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer- coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the centerpoint of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SASTM access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).

Brown, S.

2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

286

Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFOTM exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer-coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the center-point of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SAS{trademark} access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).

Brown, S

2001-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

287

Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database  

SciTech Connect

A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFOTM exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer-coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the center-point of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SAS{trademark} access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).

Brown, S

2001-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

288

Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database  

SciTech Connect

A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFO{trademark} exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer- coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the centerpoint of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SASTM access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).

Brown, S.

2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

289

Opportunities for regional harmonization of appliance standards and l abeling program  

SciTech Connect

The South Asian Regional Initiative for Energy (SARI/Energy) calls for a series of activities to promote Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling (EES&L) of end use appliances in the region. In pursuit of this goal, the project supports several seminars and meetings that bring together policymakers and stakeholders from throughout the region. The purpose of these gatherings is to encourage a dialogue among participants as to the benefits and barriers associated with EES&L programs. In addition, it is the role of the program organizers to provide participants with the technical details necessary to make progress towards effective efficiency programs. One component of the initiative is to encourage the harmonization (alignment) of existing program components, and the pursuit of new programs coordinated at the regional level. In support of this goal, the report provides information aimed at motivating and enabling cooperative activities which will provide concrete benefits to programs in each country, whether well developed, or still in the initial planning stage. It should be emphasized that the underlying objective of the harmonization component of the SARI/Energy project is to increase the potential for success of EES&L programs of all countries involved, and to reduce burdens on manufacturers, exporters and importers in each country. Harmonization ''for it's own sake'' is not desirable, nor is it suggested that policymakers should bring their programs in line with international norms if doing so would present a disadvantage to their own efficiency programs, or to commercial interests within their country. If there is no such disadvantage, however, the program encourages alignment of policies and provides a forum at which this alignment can be pursued. The report covers several main topics, with varying emphasis. First, a general discussion of the motivation for an explicit policy of regional harmonization is given. Next, the current status of existing programs in the region are discussed in some detail. The section that follows covers the harmonization of efficiency test procedures. Special attention is given to this component of an EES&L program because it is the most critical element in terms of harmonization--having incompatible test procedures between trade partners can greatly impact the effectiveness of a program, and it can also unduly impact trade. Currently, policymakers in India and Sri Lanka are collaborating with the goal of aligning refrigerator test procedures used in their respective programs. For this reason, the section on test procedures of refrigerators goes into a significant amount of technical detail, in order to provide the clearest possible articulation of issues to be resolved in bringing the procedures into alignment. Following the discussion of test procedures, the report contains a section each on harmonization of efficiency rating levels, development of label designs, and enforcement issues. The report is organized such that the sections covering current programs and test procedures are subdivided by target appliance. These sections are further divided by country, where applicable. Each section is concluded with recommendations.

McNeil, Michael A.

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Fiscalini Farms Biomass Energy Project  

SciTech Connect

In this final report describes and documents research that was conducted by the Ecological Engineering Research Program (EERP) at the University of the Pacific (Stockton, CA) under subcontract to Fiscalini Farms LP for work under the Assistance Agreement DE-EE0001895 'Measurement and Evaluation of a Dairy Anaerobic Digestion/Power Generation System' from the United States Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory. Fiscalini Farms is operating a 710 kW biomass-energy power plant that uses bio-methane, generated from plant biomass, cheese whey, and cattle manure via mesophilic anaerobic digestion, to produce electricity using an internal combustion engine. The primary objectives of the project were to document baseline conditions for the anaerobic digester and the combined heat and power (CHP) system used for the dairy-based biomass-energy production. The baseline condition of the plant was evaluated in the context of regulatory and economic constraints. In this final report, the operation of the plant between start-up in 2009 and operation in 2010 are documented and an interpretation of the technical data is provided. An economic analysis of the biomass energy system was previously completed (Appendix A) and the results from that study are discussed briefly in this report. Results from the start-up and first year of operation indicate that mesophilic anaerobic digestion of agricultural biomass, combined with an internal combustion engine, is a reliable source of alternative electrical production. A major advantage of biomass energy facilities located on dairy farms appears to be their inherent stability and ability to produce a consistent, 24 hour supply of electricity. However, technical analysis indicated that the Fiscalini Farms system was operating below capacity and that economic sustainability would be improved by increasing loading of feedstocks to the digester. Additional operational modifications, such as increased utilization of waste heat and better documentation of potential of carbon credits, would also improve the economic outlook. Analysis of baseline operational conditions indicated that a reduction in methane emissions and other greenhouse gas savings resulted from implementation of the project. The project results indicate that using anaerobic digestion to produce bio-methane from agricultural biomass is a promising source of electricity, but that significant challenges need to be addressed before dairy-based biomass energy production can be fully integrated into an alternative energy economy. The biomass energy facility was found to be operating undercapacity. Economic analysis indicated a positive economic sustainability, even at the reduced power production levels demonstrated during the baseline period. However, increasing methane generation capacity (via the importation of biomass codigestate) will be critical for increasing electricity output and improving the long-term economic sustainability of the operation. Dairy-based biomass energy plants are operating under strict environmental regulations applicable to both power-production and confined animal facilities and novel approached are being applied to maintain minimal environmental impacts. The use of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) for nitrous oxide control and a biological hydrogen sulfide control system were tested at this facility. Results from this study suggest that biomass energy systems can be compliant with reasonable scientifically based air and water pollution control regulations. The most significant challenge for the development of biomass energy as a viable component of power production on a regional scale is likely to be the availability of energy-rich organic feedstocks. Additionally, there needs to be further development of regional expertise in digester and power plant operations. At the Fiscalini facility, power production was limited by the availability of biomass for methane generation, not the designed system capacity. During the baseline study period, feedstocks included manure, sudan grass silage, and

William Stringfellow; Mary Kay Camarillo; Jeremy Hanlon; Michael Jue; Chelsea Spier

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

291

Development and Testing of the Berkeley Darfur Stove  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development and Testing of the Berkeley Darfur Stove Development and Testing of the Berkeley Darfur Stove Title Development and Testing of the Berkeley Darfur Stove Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-116E Year of Publication 2008 Authors Amrose, Susan, G. Theodore Kisch, Charles Kirubi, Jesse Woo, and Ashok J. Gadgil Date Published 03/2008 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract Darfur, one of the poorest regions in Sudan, has been in the midst of a complicated and bloody conflict since 2003 that has resulted in the displacement of 2.2 million citizens. The displaced, known as Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), are crowded into refugee camps scattered across the region with low fuelwood productivity and no alternative means of fuel. Unsustainable harvesting has led to increasing zones of total denudation around the camps, now extending several kilometers in all directions from the camp boundaries. Women who leave the camp to fetch fuelwood are subject to rape and mutilation due to the continuing conflict.In November of 2005, a team of scientists from LBNL visited Darfur to assess the potential of fuel-efficient stoves ("FES") as a means to mitigate the fuelwood shortage. In addition to conducting a systematic informal survey, the team found that a metal FES, known as the Tara, required 50% less fuelwood to cook an IDP meal than the inefficient three-stone-fire used by 90% of the IDPs. The LBNL team emerged from the triprecommending a metal FES based on the Tara, but with two specific design modifications to make it suitable for conditions in Darfur. These included improving the mechanical stability of the stove during vigorous stirring, and maintaining or improving performance during a breeze. In Spring 2006, an interdisciplinary team of four Berkeley students (3 graduate and 1 senior undergraduate) took on the project of designing, fabricating, and testing the recommended modifications as part of a UC-Berkeley course entitled Design forSustainable Communities. Under the guidance of Prof. Ashok Gadgil, the students designed several modifications to improve stove performance in windy weather, including a wind-shield around the upper stove body, and the addition of a metal ring to prevent direct air flow through the stove body. Stakes were also added to the stove body to improve stability during vigorous stirring. The students fabricated a prototype fortesting, known as the "Berkeley Darfur Stove," or BDS. Since no existing stove test was relevant to the conditions of Darfur, a new protocol, known as the Darfur Cooking Test (DCT), was developed by the students to compare the fuel efficiency of two stoves. This protocol is specific to the conditions in Darfur, incorporating both windy and non-windy conditions, along with the cooking pots, food preparation methods, and meals employed by IDPs. The complete DCT protocol is presented in Appendices 1 and 2. The BDS prototype was tested against the original Tara stove using the newly developed DCT along with a simple tipping test (to compare stability). Fuelwood usage by the BDS was found to be consistently less than that of the Tara stove under all tested conditions. Compared to the Tara, the BDS was found to save 56% (with wind) and 40% (without wind) of the fuelwood required to cook sauce-like mulah (one of two staple IDP foods)and to save 74% (with wind) and 8% (without wind) of the fuelwood required to cook the dough-like assida (the other staple food). Using these numbers, the BDS was found to have a net annual fuelwood savings of 72% over the three-stone-fire in Darfur. The 4 stability of the BDS during stirring was also found to be much better than the Tara, requiring > 117 N of lateral force to tip compared to just 22 N. Implications of full adoption of the BDS throughout Darfur include saving 370 million kg of fuelwood per year, along with a monetary savings of US $222 per family per year for IDPs who buy fuelwood or a savings of 18 hours of labor effort per week for IDPs who currently collect fuelwood. Annual avoided CO2 emissions would come to 6 million tonnes per year worth $12 million annually assuming the lowest market price of $3 per tonne1 of CO2. Most significantly, the risk of rape and mutilation for those who collect fuelwood would be reduced by three-quarters. Additional expected benefits include substantial reduction in the inhalation of harmful wood-smoke by IDP women and girls, and significant reduction in the risk of fire to the IDP shelters because the BDS fully encloses the open flames.

292

Three Blind Men and the Elephant  

SciTech Connect

Just like the blind men in the popular story of perceiving the elephant, the three major constituencies participating in the energy debate have greatly different perceptions of the problem. The constituency that is worried about climate change believes the energy problem is caused by profligate use of fossil fuel that has dramatically changed our atmosphere. The energy security group sees dangerous reliance on foreign sources of oil increasingly held by countries hostile to the US. The economic vitality group sees high energy prices and their effect on the economy and our life-style. Just like the blind men, each of the three constituencies perceives a different problem. And just as with the blind men, while each perspective is right as a piece of the elephant, it takes all the perspectives together to actually solve the problem. Environmentalists focus on solutions responding to the scientific consensus that greenhouse gases are creating rapid climate change. The tipping point has come: it is now a consensus position among scientists the global warming is being affected by anthropogenic activity to 90% certainty according to the last IPCC report. Although they still struggle with the prediction of how much global temperatures will rise if we do nothing--is it 5 deg or 10 under BAU? This group believes that we cannot afford to take a chance because we get only one chance. We can not afford to do this kind of experiment with the Earth. Any choice which decreases our CO{sub 2} footprint is favored, even if it means a decrease in standard of living. The energy security constituency sees the geo-politics of oil becoming increasingly dire. They look at oil money being used to fund anti-American activities of groups such as the Wahabis in Saudi Arabia, Hezbollah in Lebanon and the infamous Al Qaeda. They quip that the Iraq war is the first war where we are paying for both sides. They note Iran and the Shia throughout the Middle East seeing the possibility of controlling 2/3 of the world's oil. They see oil and gas being used by Russia to exert political power using the gas tap and Hugo Chavez in Venezuela clearly anti-American and now a virtual dictator who controls 15% of our oil imports. Conflicts in Nigeria over oil wealth and corruption affected our oil supply. Countries such as China are at best unwilling to join political action against countries such as Sudan that supply them oil, and at worst, selling them arms in order to cement their relationships with respect to importing oil. This security constituency favors ending our vulnerability by ending our ''addiction to foreign oil''. This group thinks that there is no domestic source of energy that is bad. They will be happy to see our corn turned into ethanol; our coal turned into liquid fuel for transportation. No matter that the price of tortillas doubles in Mexico, we expand corn farming at the expense of the environment, our tanks and pipes in gas stations corrode and leak, or we make liquid fuel from coal, thus increasing the carbon footprint by 30% per unit of energy. The economic vitality group sees increasing international demand for oil occurring simultaneously with a peaking supply of light sweet crude. They see an oil market where higher prices drive more production of oil which is heavier and more sour (supply follows demand). However, fast growth in world-wide demand increases even faster and prices will go up. For example, China adds 10,000 cars per month, and there is an uncanny correlation between the price of oil and the amount of oil imported by China. The security contingent also worries about reliability of supply as affected by pipeline leaks in Alaska or hurricanes or potential terrorism. This constituency thinks the problem is one of capacity and favors solutions that will increase oil production, reservoirs, pipelines and refineries. They believe that the energy system will be determined by the market and want solutions that favor investment in capacity. What the environmentalists don't seem to get is climate change b

Long, J S

2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

293

Three Blind Men and the Elephant  

SciTech Connect

Just like the blind men in the popular story of perceiving the elephant, the three major constituencies participating in the energy debate have greatly different perceptions of the problem. The constituency that is worried about climate change believes the energy problem is caused by profligate use of fossil fuel that has dramatically changed our atmosphere. The energy security group sees dangerous reliance on foreign sources of oil increasingly held by countries hostile to the US. The economic vitality group sees high energy prices and their effect on the economy and our life-style. Just like the blind men, each of the three constituencies perceives a different problem. And just as with the blind men, while each perspective is right as a piece of the elephant, it takes all the perspectives together to actually solve the problem. Environmentalists focus on solutions responding to the scientific consensus that greenhouse gases are creating rapid climate change. The tipping point has come: it is now a consensus position among scientists the global warming is being affected by anthropogenic activity to 90% certainty according to the last IPCC report. Although they still struggle with the prediction of how much global temperatures will rise if we do nothing--is it 5 deg or 10 under BAU? This group believes that we cannot afford to take a chance because we get only one chance. We can not afford to do this kind of experiment with the Earth. Any choice which decreases our CO{sub 2} footprint is favored, even if it means a decrease in standard of living. The energy security constituency sees the geo-politics of oil becoming increasingly dire. They look at oil money being used to fund anti-American activities of groups such as the Wahabis in Saudi Arabia, Hezbollah in Lebanon and the infamous Al Qaeda. They quip that the Iraq war is the first war where we are paying for both sides. They note Iran and the Shia throughout the Middle East seeing the possibility of controlling 2/3 of the world's oil. They see oil and gas being used by Russia to exert political power using the gas tap and Hugo Chavez in Venezuela clearly anti-American and now a virtual dictator who controls 15% of our oil imports. Conflicts in Nigeria over oil wealth and corruption affected our oil supply. Countries such as China are at best unwilling to join political action against countries such as Sudan that supply them oil, and at worst, selling them arms in order to cement their relationships with respect to importing oil. This security constituency favors ending our vulnerability by ending our ''addiction to foreign oil''. This group thinks that there is no domestic source of energy that is bad. They will be happy to see our corn turned into ethanol; our coal turned into liquid fuel for transportation. No matter that the price of tortillas doubles in Mexico, we expand corn farming at the expense of the environment, our tanks and pipes in gas stations corrode and leak, or we make liquid fuel from coal, thus increasing the carbon footprint by 30% per unit of energy. The economic vitality group sees increasing international demand for oil occurring simultaneously with a peaking supply of light sweet crude. They see an oil market where higher prices drive more production of oil which is heavier and more sour (supply follows demand). However, fast growth in world-wide demand increases even faster and prices will go up. For example, China adds 10,000 cars per month, and there is an uncanny correlation between the price of oil and the amount of oil imported by China. The security contingent also worries about reliability of supply as affected by pipeline leaks in Alaska or hurricanes or potential terrorism. This constituency thinks the problem is one of capacity and favors solutions that will increase oil production, reservoirs, pipelines and refineries. They believe that the energy system will be determined by the market and want solutions that favor investment in capacity. What the environmentalists don't seem to get is climate change by itself will fail to gather b

Long, J S

2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z