Sample records for languages italian japanese

  1. Is the Origin of the Japanese Language an Example of the Farming/Language Dispersal Hypothesis?†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, Christopher

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    that the emergence of Japanese coincides with the spread of agriculture to the isles from Korea. By comparing agricultural terminology based on empirical evidence from archaeology and genetics, this thesis provides the first comprehensive examination of this theory....

  2. International Minor in Engineering: Japanese Studies Language: maximum of 12 semester hours # of sem hours

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Tonghun

    to Classical Japanese 3 409 Social Science Reading in Japanese 3 (H) 440/441 Fourth Year Japanese I/II 3 Other: minimum of 9 semester hours including one 300- or 400-level course and one Political Science (same as EALC 402) 3 MACS 466 Japanese Cinema (same as EALC 466) 3 EALC 250 Introduction to Japanese

  3. Summary of Master Degree Thesis "Italian Language for Specific Purposes. The experience at the Military

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , to be inscribed in a general reflection about humanistic- affective didactics of foreign languages in a particular

  4. Language Independent and Language Adaptive Large Vocabulary Speech Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    Arabic, Chinese, Croatian, English, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian Speakers Spoken units Chinese 5124 77 150,000 Croatian 2826 62 80,000 Japanese 5641 62 200,000 Korean 1587 Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin and Wu), Croatian, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish

  5. Preghiera in Italian Bel Canto Opera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Jennifer

    2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    towards utilizing religious ceremony for dramatic effect. Eventually, these scenes became a standard part of Romantic Italian opera in a variety of forms, but none so prevalent as the heroine's pleading. As the era developed, the language for referencing a...

  6. Italian Academy Advanced Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    The Italian Academy for Advanced Studies in America at Columbia University Annual Report 2006≠2007 The Italian Academy for Advanced Studies in America at Columbia University Annual Report 2006≠2007 #12;italian academy for advanced studies in america 1161 Amsterdam Avenue New York, NY 10027 tel: (212) 854-2306 fax

  7. Polish - American Heritage, Italian - American Heritage, German...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Polish - American Heritage, Italian - American Heritage, German - American Heritage Months Polish - American Heritage, Italian - American Heritage, German - American Heritage...

  8. Columbia University THE ITALIAN ACADEMY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    Columbia University THE ITALIAN ACADEMY FOR ADVANCED STUDIES IN AMERICA Annual Report 2007­2008 #12 for a variety of conferences, concerts, films, and exhibitions. #12;#12;Columbia University THE ITALIAN ACADEMY of Italy and of Columbia University. The Director is the Head of the Acad- emy. The Chairman of the Board

  9. Japanese Foreign Minister Nobutaka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for a plentiful future supply of clean power as the world moves away from coal, oil and natural gas. Top Japanese-mura, a northern village near the Pacific Ocean, while the EU, China and Russia back France's bid for the project China Iter Defense and Foreign Policy FAMU01 Thu, 5 May 2005 04:46:59 GMT © AFP TOP

  10. ENEA Italian National Agency for New Technologies Energy and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ENEA Italian National Agency for New Technologies Energy and the Environment Jump to: navigation, search Name: ENEA (Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and the...

  11. THE MISSION OF THE ITALIAN ACADEMY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    THE MISSION OF THE ITALIAN ACADEMY Founded in 1991 on the basis of an agreement between Columbia University and the Republic of Italy, the Academy sponsors advanced research in all areas relating to Italian academic, cultural and scientific exchange at the highest level. ABOUT THE ACADEMY At the core

  12. Foreign Fishery Developments Japanese Joint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -215. In 1981,193 joint ventures with the par- ticipation of Japanese capital were operating in 47 nationsForeign Fishery Developments Japanese Joint Fishing Ventures Stabilize Activity Trawling Skipjack tuna harvest Whaling Other harvests Aquaculture Refrigeration operations Fish processing Average $1

  13. The Arabic Lexical Contributions to the English Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cannon, Garland; Kaye, Alan S.

    2007-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Abbreviations 5 N Noun NL New Latin obs. obsolete OF Old French OHG Old High German OIt Old Italian orig. originally part. participle Per Persian Pg Portuguese pI. plural Pol... 'hits' for Arabic etymologies therein (vs. 680 German and 114 Japanese). Introduction 14 This study utilizes recent sociolinguistic and lexicographic findings, so that scholars in fields not directly concerned with English or Arabic might find...

  14. Japanese magnetic confinement fusion research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, R.C.; Abdou, M.A.; Berry, L.A.; Horton, C.W.; Lyon, J.F.; Rutherford, P.H.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Six U.S. scientists surveyed and assessed Japanese research and development in magnetic fusion. The technical accomplishments from the early 1980s through June 1989 are reviewed, and the Japanese capabilities and outlook for future contributions are assessed. Detailed evaluations are provided in the areas of basic and applied plasma physics, tokamak confinement, alternate confinement approaches, plasma technology, and fusion nuclear technology and materials.

  15. Finding Foreign Language Materials The problem.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , or DVDs written or produced in French, Spanish, Italian, Latin, Chinese, Old English, Middle High German on philosophy in French. Click on Limit My Search. You can limit your search by language, location within your keyword(s). Hint: Use broad or simple keywords like literature, politics, science, anthropology

  16. Societ Italiana di Filosofia Analitica SOCIET ITALIANA DI FILOSOFIA POLITICA Italian Society for Analytic Philosophy ITALIAN SOCIETY FOR POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segatti, Antonio

    for Analytic Philosophy ITALIAN SOCIETY FOR POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY 12th Pavia Graduate Conference in Political Philosophy 18th and 19th September 2014 CALL FOR PAPERS On the 18th and 19th of September 2014 of the Italian Society for Political Philosophy and the Italian Society for Analytic Philosophy, will host

  17. Italian Herb Red Potato Salad Ingredients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Italian Herb Red Potato Salad Ingredients: 1 1/2 pounds red potatoes 1 green pepper 1 red onion 1/4 teaspoon garlic powder 1/4 teaspoon ground black pepper Directions 1. Wash potatoes, and cut into quarters. Place potatoes in sauce pan with cool water, cover and bring to a boil, turn to low and cook until

  18. Languages Undergraduate Languages Undergraduate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    in Language and Politics. In addition, International Management and Modern Languages (French, German at Bath are among the best in the UK (for example, 5th for French, 4th for German, and 8th for Russian renowned experts in their research fields · A broad-based approach, incorporating history, culture

  19. "A fit soule": Italian influences upon Milton's Eve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennebaker, Mattie Katherine

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    OF CONTENTS . V1 LIST OF FIGURES . CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION II ITALIAN ACADEMIES AND ACQUAINTANCES . . . . 5 III SOCIETY AND PATRONAGE UNDER URBAN VIII . 21 IV WOMEN IN MEDIEVAL, RENAISSANCE, AND BAROQUE ART . V MILTON'S IDEAL EVE: LITERARY CONTEXTS... Milton spent a majority of his time battling wits at academies and composing ballads for an Italian diva. The poet established a cadre of acquaintances and comrades in every Italian city into which he ventured; and it appears that Florence, Rome...

  20. Internship for Italian Students at Fermilab | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    research internships in science, engineering and technology for highly motivated Italian physics and engineering university students. In these comprehensive programs, students...

  1. How Japanese is Wii? The Reception and Localization of Japanese Video Games in America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Xiangyi

    2009-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    With control over both store shelves and consumers' consciousness, Japanese video games have dominated the U.S. and global game markets over the past two decades and continue to prosper today. This thesis positions Japanese video games' popularity...

  2. Italian hybrid and fission reactors scenario analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ciotti, M.; Manzano, J.; Sepielli, M. [ENEA CR Frascati, Via Enrico Fermi, 45, 00044, Frascati, Roma (Italy); ENEA CR casaccia, Via Anguillarese, 301, 00123, Santa Maria di Galeria, Roma (Italy)

    2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Italy is a country where a long tradition of studies both in the fission and fusion field is consolidated; nevertheless a strong public opinion concerned with the destination of the Spent Nuclear Fuel hinders the development of nuclear power. The possibility to a severe reduction of the NSF mass generated from a fleet of nuclear reactors employing an hypothetical fusionfission hybrid reactor has been investigated in the Italian framework. The possibility to produce nuclear fuel for the fission nuclear reactors with the hybrid reactor was analyzed too.

  3. EXPERIMENTS ON CROSS-LANGUAGE ACOUSTIC MODELING T. Schultz and A. Waibel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    studies we applied acoustic models from four languages to bootstrap Chinese, Croatian, and Turkish [5]. We applied monolingual systems from Chinese, Croatian, German, French, Japanese, Spanish and Turkish, as well

  4. MA in Modern Languages The School of Languages and Literatures invites applications for its taught MA in Modern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MA in Modern Languages. With dedicated academic staff in its subject areas of French, German, Italian courses on cultural and literary theory, choosing their remaining four from a broad range of options Theory Introduction to Literary Theory Minor Thesis (30 credits) Optional Modules (Four of:) French

  5. Flexible approach to the Italian cogeneration market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chellini, R.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Demand for energy is growing in Italy under new regulations issued by the Italian government in 1991 and 1992. While the national electrical authority, ENEL, is in the process of being privatized, independent power producers (IPPs) and several companies using large amounts of energy in their production processes have been active in setting up cogeneration and combined-cycle plants based purely on economics. In order to minimize emissions and make best use of fuel energy, the law commonly known as CIP 6/92 states that ENEL will grant a premium rate for electric power handled to the national grid from plants having an annual `energetic index` above 0.6, i.e., an efficiency higher than 60% measured over a one-year period. In order to benefit from the high rates granted by the law, it is necessary to build very efficient plants. Very high reliability is also required so the plan can operate at full load the year around, with only short stops for planned maintenance. This paper describes the activities of the major manufacturers of turbines in Italy.

  6. Adaptation of Pronunciation Dictionaries for Recognition of Unseen Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    investigates LVCSR systems in 15 languages of the world, namely Arabic, Chinese, Croatian, English, French Speakers Word units Training Data TrCD TrCI TrCD TrCI Chinese ≠ 5149 ≠ 79 150K Croatian 2826 2616 62 64 80K), Croatian, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tamil and Turkish. In each

  7. New diversification strategies for the Japanese alcohol industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshimura, Toru, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Japanese major alcoholic beverage companies, whose businesses are mainly the production and sale of beer products, stand at a strategic crossroads. There are several reasons: a slow decrease in the Japanese population, ...

  8. Overseas projects finance by international institutions for Japanese construction firms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kojima, Masashi, 1968-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis analyzes the relationships between Japanese construction firms, and overseas projects financed by international institutions, such as the World Bank Group, United Nations, ADB, IDB, JBIC, and JICA. Japanese ...

  9. THE ITALIAN ACADEMY for Advanced Studies in America at Columbia University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    THE ITALIAN ACADEMY for Advanced Studies in America at Columbia University 1161 Amsterdam Avenue (between 116th &118th Streets) New York, NY 10027 paintings by fereydoon family at the italian academy Reception: Tuesday, September 19, 2006 from 6:00 to 8:00pm The Italian Academy 1161 Amsterdam Avenue

  10. Portuguese Ships on Japanese Namban Screens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamafune, Kotaro

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Namban screens are a well-known Japanese art form that was produced between the end of the 16th century and throughout the 17th century. More than 90 of these screens survive today. They possess substantial historical value because they display...

  11. Application Deadline: December 9, 2013 COLUMBIA'S ITALIAN ACADEMY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Application Deadline: December 9, 2013 COLUMBIA'S ITALIAN ACADEMY invites applications for projects encouraged. Special consideration will be given to proposals in the neurosciences relevant to the Academy. Fellows receive a stipend, full health benefits, travel allowance and an office in the Academy

  12. Columbia University The Italian Academy for Advanced Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lazar, Aurel A.

    Columbia University The Italian Academy for Advanced Studies ITALY AT COLUMBIA A SERIES OF FREE PUBLIC LECTURES BY COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY PROFESSORS MONDAY, October 1 at 1:10 PM HOLGER A. KLEIN The Art in the Western Middle Ages (Columbia University Press, 2011). Neslihan enocak received her PhD at Bilkent

  13. Japanese Virtual Observatory (JVO) as an advanced astronomical research enviroment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Shirasaki; M. Tanaka; S. Kawanomoto; S. Honda; M. Ohishi; Y. Mizumoto; N. Yasuda; Y. Masunaga; Y. Ishihara; J. Tsutsumi; H. Nakamoto; Y. Kobayashi; M. Sakamoto

    2006-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the design and implementation of the Japanese Virtual Observatory (JVO) system. JVO is a portal site to various kinds of astronomical resources distributed all over the world. We have developed five components for constructing the portal: (1) registry, (2) data service, (3) workflow system, (4) data analysis service (5) portal GUI. Registry services are used for publishing and searching data services in the VO, and they are constructed using an OAI-PMH metadata harvesting protocol and a SOAP web service protocol so that VO standard architecture is applied. Data services are developed based on the Astronomical Data Query Language (ADQL) which is an international VO standard and an extension of the standard SQL. The toolkit for building the ADQL-based service is released to the public on the JVO web site. The toolkit also provides the protocol translation from a Simple Image Access Protocol (SIAP) to ADQL protocol, so that both the VO standard service can be constructed using our toolkit. In order to federate the distributed databases and analysis services, we have designed a workflow language which is described in XML and developed execution system of the workflow. We have succeeded to connect to a hundred of data resources of the world as of April 2006. We have applied this system to the study of QSO environment by federating a QSO database, a Subaru Suprim-Cam database, and some analysis services such a SExtractor and HyperZ web services. These experiences are described is this paper.

  14. Japanese Sugar Cane as a Forage Crop.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leidigh, A. H. (Arthur Henry); McNess, George Thomas; Laude, H. H. (Hilmer Henry)

    1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STAT10 N BULLETIN NO. 195 AUGUST, 1916 DIVISION OF AGRONOMY JAPANESE SUGAR CANE AS A FORAGE CROP BY A. H. LEIDIGH, B. S., Agronomist, IN CONSULTATION WITH G. T. McNESS, Superintendent, Substation No. 11, Nacogdoches, and H. H.... LAUDE, B. S., Superintendenr, Substation No. 4, Beaumont I POSTOFFICE: COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS AUSTIN, TEXAS VON BOECKMANN-JONES CO., PRINTERS 1916 AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS W. B. BIZZELL, A. hq.. D. C. L...

  15. Alienation in Italian cities. Social network fragmentation from collective data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Contucci, Pierluigi

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the structure of a social network of strong ties (trust network) investigating its property of connectedness versus fragmentation. To this purpose we analyse an extensive set of census data, about marrying or having children with immigrants, collected by Italian national statistical institute for all Italian municipalities from 2001 to 2011. Not using neither obtaining personal local information but only average ones, our method fully complies with privacy and confidentiality. Our findings show that large cities display the behaviour of highly fragmented trust networks where individuals face possible phenomena of alienation. Smaller cities and villages instead behave like fully connected social systems with a rich tie structure, where isolation is rare or completely absent. While confirming classical sociological theories on alienation in large urban areas our approach provides a quantitative method to test them and a predictive tool for policy makers.

  16. The Italian Academy for Advanced Studies in America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    The Italian Academy for Advanced Studies in America at Columbia University Annual Report 2002 Academy for Advanced Studies in America at Columbia University Annual Report 2002≠2003 n e w y o r k 2 0 0 Activities of the Academy 65 f i l m s e r i e s e x h i b i t i o n s f e l l ow s ' s e m i na rs #12

  17. BA in FRENCH TEACHING (553522) MAP Sheet Department of French and Italian Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsen Jr., Dan R.

    and other French-speaking countries. Fren 321 does not. Complete the following prerequisites (or equivalent

  18. Liberty, Restriction, and the Remaking of Italians and Eastern European Jews, 1882-1965

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marinari, Maddalena

    2009-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    was not really over whether the quota system would become law, but rather over the most 'scientific' criteria to adopt to exclude and restrict prospective immigrants. The adoption of the 1924 Immigration Act represented the climax of a long battle over... another effect on Italian Americans' response to immigration restriction. In addition to complicating Italian Americans' strategy to oppose the quota system, the Italian government also worked hard to keep alive the ties the community had with Italy...

  19. Strategic Alliances in the Japanese Economy: Types, Critiques, Embeddedness, and Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lincoln, James R.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    value chains in the pharmaceutical industry. Ē Pp. 87-105 inof the Japanese pharmaceuticals industry, one might expectindustry. Gassel and Pascha (2000) write that Japanese pharmaceutical

  20. 1 INTRODUCTION Japanese standard Law was revised in 1998. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer Jr., B.F.

    a situation which does not comply with other requirements of the Building Standard Law, concerning fire safety, Ministry of Construction, Japan ABSTRACT: Japanese Building Standard Law was revised in 1998. The highlight1 INTRODUCTION Japanese standard Law was revised in 1998. The highlight related to the structural

  1. Department of Entomology JAPANESE BEETLES IN THE URBAN LANDSCAPE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    Department of Entomology E-75-W JAPANESE BEETLES IN THE URBAN LANDSCAPE Timothy J. Gibb of the Japanese beetle are found in rural and urban areas throughout Indiana.This insect is most damaging tolawns, E) must first be diluted in water, then applied as a spray. Both spray and granular applications

  2. Japanese Quail (Coturnix) : Care, Management, Propagation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cain, J. R.; Cawley, W. O.

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the quail hen. Young chicks weigh 6 to 7 grams (% ounce) when hatched and are brownish with yellow stripes. Japanese quail have been proposed for use as laboratory animals for research much the same as white mice or rats are used. They also have been... to desired size and works very rinkle food on the paper to encourage young chicks to eat. Ifchick are raised in wire cages or batteries, the wire floor must be covered with paper for the first week or two. Cannibalism Feather picking or other forms...

  3. Fifth Italian Congress of Econometrics and Empirical Economics (ICEEE 2013) January 16-18, 2013 -Genova, Italy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robbiano, Lorenzo

    Fifth Italian Congress of Econometrics and Empirical Economics (ICEEE 2013) January 16-18, 2013 Econometria (SIdE, anche Italian Econometric Association). Oggi in particolare si vive un tempo di diffusa

  4. Physica A 376 (2007) 467479 Trading strategies in the Italian interbank market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldarelli, Guido

    Using a data set which includes all transactions among banks in the Italian money market, we studyPhysica A 376 (2007) 467­479 Trading strategies in the Italian interbank market Giulia Ioria the related fluctuations of market interest rates. These reserves are remunerated at the main refinancing rate

  5. Proceedings of the 2014 Workshop on the Use of Computational Methods in the Study of Endangered Languages, pages 5462, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, 26 June 2014. c 2014 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . We experiment with two endangered languages: Cherokee and Cheyenne, and some resource-rich languages such as English, Finnish, French and Japanese2. Cherokee is the Iroquoian language spoken by 16,000 Cherokee and thesauruses are introduced in Section 2. Section 3 discusses related work. In 2 ISO 693-3 codes for Cherokee

  6. POLYPHONE DECISION TREE SPECIALIZATION FOR LANGUAGE ADAPTATION T. Schultz and A. Waibel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    , Mandarin and Shanghai Chinese, Croatian, English, French, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian Language ER 1 Vocab PP ER Vocab PP Ch≠Mandarin 14.5 45K 207 45.2 141 12.5 Croatian 20.0 15K 280 36.7 32 9

  7. POLYPHONE DECISION TREE SPECIALIZATION FOR LANGUAGE ADAPTATION T. Schultz and A. Waibel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    , Mandarin and Shanghai Chinese, Croatian, English, French, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, RussianLanguage ER Vocab PP ER Vocab PP Ch-Mandarin 14.5 45K 207 45.2 141 12.5 Croatian 20.0 15K 280 36.7 32 9

  8. Opening Remarks: Administrator D'Agostino's Roundtable with Japanese Media

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Thomas D'Agostino

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the Second International Meeting on Next Generation Safeguards, NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino conducted a roundtable at the U.S. Embassy in Tokyo with Japanese reporters.

  9. Fact #828: July 7, 2014 Japanese Auto Manufacturers Increase...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    U.S. were produced domestically in North America which includes the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. By 2013, about 70 percent of all Japanese-brand vehicles sold in the U.S. were...

  10. Global Migration in Transition: The Americas, Europe, and Italian Diaspora (1946-1960)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maccari-Clayton, Marina

    2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigates the development of post-WWII Italian migration to Argentina, Belgium, Canada, and The U.S. and it frames this case-study within the broader discussion about he ways in which past population movements ...

  11. Mediterraneitŗ and modernitŗ : architecture and culture during the period of Italian colonization of North Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLaren, Brian L. (Brian Lloyd), 1958-

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation examines the intersection of the modern and the colonial in architecture and culture during the period of Italian colonization of North Africa from 1911 to 1943. Rather than see the colonies as merely a ...

  12. Reproductive Termination in Female Japanese Monkeys: A Comparative Life History Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedigan, Linda M.

    Reproductive Termination in Female Japanese Monkeys: A Comparative Life History Perspective MARY S; reproductive termination ABSTRACT This study explores the question of reproductive termination (loss used a large sample of completed lives to identify reproductively terminated female Japanese macaques

  13. E-Print Network 3.0 - adult japanese subjects Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Japanese-speaking learners of French (JSL) concerning the perception and production of French u, y... as phonemically similar to Japanese u (as a high back vowel) and...

  14. Acoustic and Perceptual Evidence of Complete Neutralization of Word-Final Tonal Specification in Japanese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maniwa, Kazumi

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigated the extent to which the Japanese lexical pitch-accent distinction is neutralized in word-final position. Native speakers of Tokyo Japanese produced minimal word pairs differing in final accent status. Words were produced both...

  15. English Language Policy 1 English Language Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    English Language Policy 1 English Language Policy Abstract This policy sets out UTS's requirements their courses of study. Dates Policy or amendment approved Policy or amendment takes effect Policy is due for review (up to 5 years) 03/11/2010 22/11/2010 11/2015 Policy amendment approved 02/11/2011 Approved

  16. The Italian Academy mourns the passing of David Rosand, Meyer Schapiro Professor of Art History at Colum-bia University, on August 8, 2014. David Rosand was Guarantor of the Italian Academy from 2010 on, and a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    The Italian Academy mourns the passing of David Rosand, Meyer Schapiro Professor of Art History at Colum- bia University, on August 8, 2014. David Rosand was Guarantor of the Italian Academy from 2010 on, and a member of its Executive Committee. No one could have been more devoted to the Academy than he, nor wiser

  17. THE STRUCTURE OF PATENT AUTHORSHIP NETWORKS IN JAPANESE MANUFACTURING COMPANIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thawonmas, Ruck

    THE STRUCTURE OF PATENT AUTHORSHIP NETWORKS IN JAPANESE MANUFACTURING COMPANIES Kohei Tsuda, Frank@is.ritsumei.ac.jp, ruck@ci.ritsumei.ac.jp Keywords: Patent, Inventorship networks, Power law. Abstract: Technological of these strategies is the creation of patents, which help eliminate or contain competition. Companies seek to learn

  18. Il rapporto tra ICT e PMI italiane e le problematiche economico-organizzative dell'OS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ripamonti, Laura A

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This technical report summarizes the preliminary findings of a project that has been developed in 2007 by an Italian company (Datanet, based in Siracusa, Italy) togheter with two Italian research institutions: Universita' degli Studi di Milano and Universita' Bocconi. The main aim of the OS4E (Open Source for Enterprises) project, has been to investigate if and how open source solutions could be profitabily and effectively exploited by an IT company based in the South of Italy, whose core business is IT systems integration and which operates in the market of Italian SMEs (Small and Medium Enterprises). Beside this goal, the project also aimed at developing effective tools and methodologies to support decision making processes while evaluating different alternative software applications based on OSS (open source software).

  19. For Immediate Use sgavin@gdnet.ucla.edu May 04, 2010 310.206.3269

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schurgers, Curt

    , Romanian, Italian, Portuguese, Japanese, Turkish, Mongolian, Estonian, and Chinese. Offering a proposal

  20. Frequency Characteristics of Foreign Accented Speech Levent M. Arslan \\Lambda and John H.L. Hansen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Spanish, Italian, Hindi, Romanian, Japanese, Russian, and others. For the studies conducted here, we focus

  1. DEPARTMENT OF LANGUAGES, TRANSLATION AND COMMUNICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    . They give you a broad overview of aspects of European and Latin American culture, which is good preparation areas: French German Hispanic Studies Italian Translation Communication A number of LTC modules: the name of your specific degree ­ e.g. Spanish; Italian and Welsh; German and English; French and Maths

  2. transformation languages Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nierstrasz, Oscar

    transformation languages Introduction Transformation languages are widely used for to process can I change / transform the design of a certain task without changing it's logic The common/and hierarchical or/and abstract set of information. It can even be a stream of data. · The transformation engine

  3. Japanís Approaches to DefenseTransparency: Perspectivesfrom the Japanese and Chinese†Defense Establishments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fei, John

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    En- ergy Basic Law confines Japanese nuclear activi- ties tonot a formal law, Japanís ďthree non-nuclear principlesĒ (

  4. Japanese Corporate Governance: The Hidden Problems of the Corporate Law and Their Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shishido, Zenichi

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    norm. Japanese Corporate Governance: The Hidden Problems ofsame time. Arguments on corporate governance can be dividedinto two types: corporate governance in the narrow sense and

  5. Energy use test procedures for appliances: A case study of Japanese refrigerators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, A.K.

    1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy test procedure provides a consistent measurement of refrigerator energy consumption, which can be used by engineers, utility forecasters, and consumers. The U.S. and Japanese test procedures for refrigerators differ significantly, so it is impossible to directly compare the performance of unique features, or even determine which units are more efficient. The energy use of 12 Japanese refrigerators (of which 9 were unique models) were measured under the U.S. DOE energy test procedure and compared to that reported by the manufacturers under the Japanese test procedure. The Japanese refrigerators used substantially more electricity with the DOE test.

  6. ag-fe system japanese: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Eero 92 Japanese Virtual Observatory (JVO) as an advanced astronomical research enviroment Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: We present the design and implementation of the...

  7. Amorphous Medium Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beal, Jacob

    Programming reliable behavior on a large mesh network composed of unreliable parts is difficult. Amorphous Medium Language addresses this problem by abstracting robustness and networking issues away from the programmer via ...

  8. Paraphrastic Language Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Gales, M. J. F.; Woodland, P. C.

    2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Paraphrastic Language Models X. Liu1, M. J. F. Gales & P. C. Woodland Cambridge University Engineering Department Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1PZ, England Abstract Natural languages are known for their expressive richness. Many sentences can... . In section 7 a range of para- phrastic LMs are evaluated on two state-of-the-art speech recognition tasks for English conversational telephone speech and Chinese broadcast speech respectively. Section 8 is the conclusion and possible future work. 2...

  9. A Long, Contingent Path to Comparative Advantage: Industrial Policy and the Japanese Iron and Steel Industry, 1900-1973

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ELBAUM, BERNARD

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Overseas Procurement of Coking Coal By the Japanese Steelendowed as Japan in coking coal and iron ore (Yonekura,

  10. Evaluation of Offshore Wind Simulations with MM5 in the Japanese and Danish Coastal Waters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    Evaluation of Offshore Wind Simulations with MM5 in the Japanese and Danish Coastal Waters Teruo to evaluate the accuracy of offshore wind simulation with the mesoscale model MM5, long-term simulations to simulate offshore wind conditions in the Japanese coastal waters even using a mesoscale model, compared

  11. History and Nanoeconomics in Strategy Research: Lessons from the Meiji-Era Japanese Cotton Spinning Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braguinsky, Serguey

    1 History and Nanoeconomics in Strategy Research: Lessons from the Meiji-Era Japanese Cotton management research and analysis through a study of Meiji Era Japanese cotton spinning industry from its capabilities of industry leaders in transforming mechanized cotton spinning from a non-competitive industry

  12. Italian Dramatic Companies and the Peruvian Stage in the 1870's. Part I.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glickman, Enrica J.

    1973-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    stage. This undeserved neglect is to be attributed primarily to the difficulty of gathering and organizing the relevant information. This information is to be found not only in works dealing specifically with the theatre,1 but also, and especially..., after performing Adrienne Lecouvreur, Carolina Civili recited, in Italian, the last canto of the Divine Comedy. This event was appar ently something new for the audience. The daily newspaper El Comercio had announced it as the expected highlight...

  13. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 132(4), 2005, pp. 573580 Assessing the competitive ability of Japanese stilt grass,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silander Jr., John A.

    ability of Japanese stilt grass, Microstegium vimineum (Trin.) A. Camus1 Stacey A. Leicht2 , John A.) A. Camus. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 132: 573­580. 2005-- Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass. Microstegium vimineum (Trin.) A. Camus (Japanese stilt grass, hereafter referred to as Mi- crostegium

  14. Analyzing the AIR Language: A Semantic Web (Production) Rule Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Analyzing the AIR Language: A Semantic Web (Production) Rule Language Ankesh Khandelwal1 , Jie Bao1 02139 {lkagal, jacobi}@csail.mit.edu Abstract. The Accountability In RDF (AIR) language is an N3-based, Semantic Web production rule language that supports nested activation of rules, negation, closed world

  15. A report language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKinney, Melvin Howard

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    determine after using a printer spacing chart. The programmer is, however, given the option of explicitly specifying the print positions as might be required when a report is to be produced on a pre-printed form. 1. 2. The Need For The Lan ua e A survey... to the Lan ua e Section 2 contains a detailed description of the "EASYOUT" language snd Appendix A, two sample reports. The following example is included as a preliminary introduction to the language. Suppose the problem is to produce a report from cards...

  16. Creating a Cognitive Agent in a Virtual World: Planning, Navigation, and Natural Language Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hewlett, William

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Language Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Language Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  17. Workshop on Composition Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Jean-Guy

    European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming #12;#12;Workshop on Composition Languages (WCL 2002 and Thomas Genssler Co-located with the 16th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming #12;Copyright in Malaga, Spain on June 11, 2002. The workshop was affiliated with the 16th European Conference on Object

  18. Language acquisition and implication for language change: A computational model.†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Robert A J

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Computer modeling techniques, when applied to language acquisition problems, give an often unrealized insight into the diachronic change that occurs in language over successive generations. This paper shows that using ...

  19. The Value of Vulnerability: Sexual Coercion and the Nature of Love in Japanese Court Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Childs, Margaret H.

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Margaret H. Childs analyzes the attributes of "love" in the world of premodern Japanese literature. She concentrates on the emotional dynamics of love affairs in The Taile of Genji and other Heian tales in order to highlight ...

  20. Cold War love : producing American liberalism in interracial marriages between American soldiers and Japanese women

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsuchiya, Tomoko

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Justice: Americanization of Japanese War Crimes at the Endof the Post-Cold War. Ē Journal of Asian American Studies256. Berry, Nicholas O. War and the Red Cross: The Unspoken

  1. Deregulation in Japanese gas industries : significance and problems of gas rate deregulation for large industrial customers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inoue, Masayuki

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, the circumstances surrounding Japanese City gas industries have been changing drastically. On one hand, as energy suppliers, natural gas which has become major fuel resource for city gas, as public utilities, ...

  2. Methods to Market Mario: An Analysis of American and Japanese Preference for Control in Video Games

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Geoffrey Michael

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Video game developers and journalists on both sides of the Pacific agree that the preferences of Japanese and American video gamers are quite different. Their consensus is that Americans prefer a relatively higher level of control in most aspects...

  3. Japanís Approaches to DefenseTransparency: Perspectivesfrom the Japanese and Chinese†Defense Establishments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fei, John

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Japanese Self Defense Forces (SDF). Features of the Japaneseissues ariseósuch as the deployment of the SDF forces toIraq or Maritime SDF to the In- dian Oceanóan ad hoc

  4. Japanese set to direct `sun-power' nuclear reactor in France September 16, 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Japanese set to direct `sun-power' nuclear reactor in France September 16, 2005 Japan has been as the site for the reactor, designed to emulate the power of the sun, after Tokyo withdrew its bid to host

  5. Bosnian Croatian Serbian Language Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    Bosnian ∑ Croatian ∑ Serbian Language Program U M Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures In the past 10 years the program of Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian at U-M has constantly been expanding

  6. Heavy metal balances of an Italian soil as affected by sewage sludge and Bordeaux mixture applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moolenaar, S.W. [Wageningen Agricultural Univ. (Netherlands); Beltrami, P. [Univ. Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Piacenza (Italy)

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Applications of sewage sludge and Bordeaux mixture (Bm) (a mixture of copper sulfate and lime) add heavy metals to the soil. At an experimental farm in the Cremona district (Italy), the authors measured current heavy metal contents in soil and their removal via harvested products. They also measured heavy metal adsorption by soil from this farm. With these data, projections were made of the long-term development of heavy metal (Cd, Cu, and Zn) contents in soil, crop removal, and leaching at different application rates of sewage sludge and Bm. These projections were compared with existing quality standards of the European Union (EU) and Italy with regard to soil and groundwater. The calculations reveal that the permitted annual application rates of sewage sludge and Bm are likely to result in exceedance of groundwater and soil standards. Sewage sludge applications, complying with the Italian legal limits, may pose problems for Cd, Cu, and Zn within 30, 70, and 100 yr, respectively. Furthermore, severe Cu pollution of integrated and especially organic (Bm only) vineyards is unavoidable with the currently allowed application rates of Bm. The results suggest that the current Italian soil protection policy as well as the EU policy are not conducive of a sustainable heavy metal management in agroecosystems.

  7. The Italian Activities in the Field of Nuclear Waste Management - 12439

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giorgiantoni, Giorgio; Marzo, Giuseppe A.; Sepielli, Massimo [ENEA, C. R. Casaccia, Roma (Italy)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Italian situation in the field of nuclear waste management is characterized by a relative small quantity of wastes, as a consequence of the giving up of energy production by nuclear generation in 1986. Notwithstanding this situation, Italy is a unique case study since the country needs to undertake the final decommissioning of four shut-down NPPs (size 100-200 MWe), each one different from the others. Therefore all the regulatory, technical, and financial actions are needed in the same way as if there was actual nuclear generation. Furthermore, the various non-power generating applications of nuclear energy still require management, a legal framework, a regulatory body, an industrial structure, and technical know-how. Notwithstanding the absence of energy production from nuclear sources, the country has the burden of radioactive waste management from the previous nuclear operations, which obliges it to implement at first a robust legislative framework, then to explore all the complex procedures to achieve the localization of the national interim storage facility, not excluding the chance to have a European regional facility for geologic disposal, under the clauses of the Council Directive of 19 July 2011 'Establishing a Community Framework for the Responsible and Safe Management of Radioactive Waste'. Then, as far as industrial, medical and R and D aspects, the improvement of the legislative picture, the creation of a regulatory body, is a good start for the future, to achieve the best efficiency of the Italian system. (authors)

  8. TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ) developed by the International Standards Organization TC32 SC4, which is to serve as a basis for harmonizingChapter # TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE RESOURCES Nancy Ide and Laurent Romary-284" #12;2 Chapter # Language Engineering Standards (EAGLES) and the International Standard for Language

  9. Italian Exposition

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Le DG parle dans son allocution ŗ l'occasion de l'exposition (suivi d'une visite)de la contribution du Cern ŗ la crťation d'une espace de la technologie europťenne. Il parle de la maniŤre comment organiser des formes fructueuses de coopťration et coordination internationales dans ce domaine. "Afin de renforcer encore notre relation avec l'industrie et intensifier le transfert de la technologie nous proposerons au ministre de recherche de poursuivre dans le cadre du programme EUREKA ensemble avec les industries des programmes concrŤtes." Le ministre italien prend ensuite la parole.

  10. Statistical correlation between hourly and daily values of solar radiation on horizontal surface at sea level in the Italian climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    219- Statistical correlation between hourly and daily values of solar radiation on horizontal- nalières du rayonnement solaire. Abstract. 2014 The knowledge of hourly data of solar radiation is required data measured in Italian stations and propose a method to estimate hourly solar radiation

  11. Impacts of Market and Technical Characteristics for Developments of Photovoltaic Industry- A Study of Japanese Photovoltaic Industry.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Jung-Yu

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The thesis discusses the restrictions of photovoltaic industrial market and technical characteristics, and the reactions of Japanese government and photovoltaic industry. Furthermore, this thesis studiesÖ (more)

  12. Overview of Recent Japanese Activities in Fusion Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seki, Masahiro [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (Japan); Yamamoto, I. [Nagoya University (Japan); Sagara, A. [NIFS (Japan)

    2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    After the ITER/EDA study, Japanese activities in fusion technology have been mainly devoted to DEMO reactors. The paper intends to overview these activities.With respect to the test blanket modules, solid breeder blankets with ferritic steel structure cooled by helium and water are being developed by JAERI in cooperation with universities and NIFS. Advanced blankets are being developed by universities and NIFS. In the area of tritium processing technology, R and D has been focused on the blanket tritium recovery technology. In terms of the superconducting magnet, JAERI has performed basic research for the Fusion Power Demonstration Plant, aiming at realization of toroidal filed higher than 13 T using innovative superconductors, such as Nb{sub 3}Al and High Temperature Superconductors (HTS). In the R and D of negative ion based NBI technologies, a H{sup -} beam of 110 mA has been stably accelerated up to 0.9 MeV, which corresponds to the current density of 80 A/m{sup 2}. A beam power of 13.1 MW at 180 keV has been injected from three injectors in the LHD N-NBI. With respect to the radio-frequency heating technology, development of 170GHz ITER gyrotron has been progressed to achieve a 500kW for 100 sec operation in JAERI. Long pulse injection for 766 sec with 72 kW at 84 GHz was achieved in a LHD ECH experiment.

  13. Assessment of Distributed Generation Potential in JapaneseBuildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida,Masaru

    2005-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    To meet growing energy demands, energy efficiency, renewable energy, and on-site generation coupled with effective utilization of exhaust heat will all be required. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems (or microgrids). This research investigates a method of choosing economically optimal DER, expanding on prior studies at the Berkeley Lab using the DER design optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds the optimal combination of installed equipment from available DER technologies, given prevailing utility tariffs, site electrical and thermal loads, and a menu of available equipment. It provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the site energy loads can be served at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, and cooling. Five prototype Japanese commercial buildings are examined and DER-CAM applied to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Based on the optimization results, energy and emission reductions are evaluated. Furthermore, a Japan-U.S. comparison study of policy, technology, and utility tariffs relevant to DER installation is presented. Significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions, and energy costs were seen in the DER-CAM results. Savings were most noticeable in the sports facility (a very favourable CHP site), followed by the hospital, hotel, and office building.

  14. Renewable Energy Assessment Methodology for Japanese OCONUS Army Installations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solana, Amy E.; Horner, Jacob A.; Russo, Bryan J.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Kora, Angela R.; Weimar, Mark R.; Hand, James R.; Orrell, Alice C.; Williamson, Jennifer L.

    2010-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 2005, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has been asked by Installation Management Command (IMCOM) to conduct strategic assessments at selected US Army installations of the potential use of renewable energy resources, including solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, waste, and ground source heat pumps (GSHPs). IMCOM has the same economic, security, and legal drivers to develop alternative, renewable energy resources overseas as it has for installations located in the US. The approach for continental US (CONUS) studies has been to use known, US-based renewable resource characterizations and information sources coupled with local, site-specific sources and interviews. However, the extent to which this sort of data might be available for outside the continental US (OCONUS) sites was unknown. An assessment at Camp Zama, Japan was completed as a trial to test the applicability of the CONUS methodology at OCONUS installations. It was found that, with some help from Camp Zama personnel in translating and locating a few Japanese sources, there was relatively little difficulty in finding sources that should provide a solid basis for conducting an assessment of comparable depth to those conducted for US installations. Project implementation will likely be more of a challenge, but the feasibility analysis will be able to use the same basic steps, with some adjusted inputs, as PNNLís established renewable resource assessment methodology.

  15. Reading, Language, & The Brain: Research,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    socioeconomic groups, Economically disadvantaged children, English language learners, and students with Dyslexia speech-sound disorders and dyslexia. HTI serves to communicate this knowledge to the public through

  16. Paraphrastic language models and combination with neural network language models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Gales, M. J. F; Woodland, P. C.

    2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    -gram models of nat- ural language. Computational Linguistics 18(4) pp.467-470. [3] G. Cao, J-Y Nie & J. Bai (2005). Integrating word relation- ships into language models, in Proc. ACM SIGIR2005, pp. 298-305, Salvador, Brazil. [4] Z. Dong & Q. Dong (2006). How...

  17. Language Maintenance And Language Renewal Among Cherokee People in Oklahoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Barbara J.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to forfeit culture and language. Today remnants of some Indian tribes are striving to find ways to maintain or renew their own languages. This paper explores some of the issues involved, and then focuses on efforts to maintain and renew Oklahoma Cherokee....

  18. History and Nanoeconomics in Strategy and Industry Evolution Research: Lessons from the Meiji-Era Japanese Cotton Spinning Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braguinsky, Serguey

    the Meiji-Era Japanese Cotton Spinning Industry Serguey Braguinsky1 and David Hounshell2 Abstract Deploying a study of Meiji Era Japanese cotton spinning industry from its state-supported founding through its and organizational capabilities of industry leaders in transforming mechanized cotton spinning from a non

  19. Spring 2014 Seminar: Machiavelli at 500: A Faculty Development Seminar Kristin Phillips-Court, Associate Professor, Department of French and Italian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    -Court, Associate Professor, Department of French and Italian Daniel Kapust, Associate Professor, Department modern thought, while his dramatic and poetic works are of great importance in their own right. The broad

  20. The growth and composition of primary and community-based care services. Metrics and evidence from the Italian National Health Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Longo, Francesco; Salvatore, Domenico; Tasselli, Stefano

    2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    list of 303 indicators related to primary and community healthcare services in collaboration with 13 Italian Local Health Authorities (LHAs). Then, for each LHA, we collected and analyzed these indicators for two different years (2003 and 2007). Results...

  1. U.S. Seafood Safe and Unaffected by Radiation Contamination from Japanese Nuclear Power Plant Incident; U.S. Monitoring Control Strategy Explained

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U.S. Seafood Safe and Unaffected by Radiation Contamination from Japanese Nuclear Power Plant about radiation contamination from the Japanese nuclear power plant incident and on the control potential routes by which seafood contaminated with radionuclides from the Japanese nuclear power plant

  2. Natural Language Processing Methods for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natural Language Processing Methods for Automatic Illustration of Text Richard Johansson Licentiate of Language Technology #12;ISSN 1652-4691 Licentiate Thesis 4, 2006 LU-CS-LIC:2006-1 Thesis submitted for partial fulfilment of the degree of licentiate. Department of Computer Science Lund Institute

  3. Quantum Physics and Human Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James B. Hartle

    2006-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Human languages employ constructions that tacitly assume specific properties of the limited range of phenomena they evolved to describe. These assumed properties are true features of that limited context, but may not be general or precise properties of all the physical situations allowed by fundamental physics. In brief, human languages contain `excess baggage' that must be qualified, discarded, or otherwise reformed to give a clear account in the context of fundamental physics of even the everyday phenomena that the languages evolved to describe. The surest route to clarity is to express the constructions of human languages in the language of fundamental physical theory, not the other way around. These ideas are illustrated by an analysis of the verb `to happen' and the word `reality' in special relativity and the modern quantum mechanics of closed systems.

  4. Canopy-Forming Kelps as California's Coastal Dosimeter: 131 Damaged Japanese Reactor Measured in Macrocystis pyrifera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohs, Remo

    Canopy-Forming Kelps as California's Coastal Dosimeter: 131 I from Damaged Japanese Reactor/assimilation ranged from 0.6 to 2.5 Bq gdwt-1 , levels greater than those measured from kelps from Japan and Canada prior to the release. These 131 I levels represent a significant input into the kelp forest ecosystem

  5. CAMAC Command Language February 1993

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    CAMAC Command Language Reference Manual February 1993 Software Version: MDS 5.2 VAX/VMS Version 4 Equipment Corporation: CDD DECnet VAX DATATRIEVE DECUS VAXcluster DEC MicroVAX VAX Information Architecture

  6. Natural Language Processing with Python

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Marc L.

    · Cambridge · Farnham · Köln · Sebastopol · Taipei · Tokyo #12;Natural Language Processing with Python Gravenstein Highway North, Sebastopol, CA 95472. O'Reilly books may be purchased for educational, business

  7. English Language and Study Skills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liley, David

    English Language and Study Skills }2014 swinburne.edu.au Certificates #12;#12;Course information Bridging science }} Certificate IV in Science Campus: Hawthorn, Wantirna Duration: One year full

  8. English Language and Study Skills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liley, David

    English Language and Study Skills }2015 swinburne.edu.au Certificates #12;#12;Course information Bridging science }} Certificate IV in Science Campus: Hawthorn, Wantirna Duration: One year full

  9. RESIDENTIAL PROGRAM FOR LANGUAGE LEARNING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    RESIDENTIAL PROGRAM FOR LANGUAGE LEARNING Live on-campus in 2014-15 and participate in a unique as part of a residential community in Arroyo Vista! Open to all undergraduate students with 2-3 years

  10. Structured Language Models for Statistical Machine Translation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eskenazi, Maxine

    Structured Language Models for Statistical Machine Translation Ying Zhang CMU-LTI-09-009 Language of Doctor of Philosophy In Language and Information Technologies © 2009, Ying Zhang #12;c Copyright Ying

  11. The marketing strategies of several large Japanese construction companies for penetrating U.S. construction markets: a case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tillotson, James Gregory

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the shrinking of other national markets (McLeister, 1988), technological advances of the Japanese construction industry (Sherman, 1988), and the stability of the American economy (ENR. 1988a). But there has been little research into the marketing strategies...

  12. From a ďconsensusĒ to a ďdisorganizedĒ model of Japanese capitalism: the emergence of new forms of labour activism.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shibata, Saori

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The coordination between the socio-economic institutions which constituted the post-war model of Japanese capitalism has been continuously undermined from the 1990s onward. This include theÖ (more)

  13. Detailed search US supports Japanese bid to host ITER as France urges Europe to go it alone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    support of his country for the Japanese bid to host the international thermonuclear site (ITER thermonuclear site if the French candidate is not selected for the international project. However

  14. Cognitive biases and language universals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baronchelli, Andrea; Puglisi, Andrea

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Language universals have been longly attributed to an innate Universal Grammar. An alternative explanation states that linguistic universals emerged independently in every language in response to shared cognitive, though non language-specific, biases. A computational model has recently shown how this could be the case, focusing on the paradigmatic example of the universal properties of color naming patterns, and producing results in accurate agreement with the experimental data. Here we investigate thoroughly the role of a cognitive bias in the framework of this model. We study how, and to what extent, the structure of the bias can influence the corresponding linguistic universal patterns. We show also that the cultural history of a group of speakers introduces population-specific constraints that act against the uniforming pressure of the cognitive bias, and we clarify the interplay between these two forces. We believe that our simulations can help to shed light on the possible mechanisms at work in the evol...

  15. Sustainable Solutions for Endangered Languages Data: The Language Archive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drude, Sebastian

    2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    of language in the natural environment by building annotated multi-media corpora, among other resources. A crucial point here is to ensure that the data are archived in a sustainable way Ė they ought to be available and usable for years and decades to come...

  16. Paraphrastic Neural Network Language Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Gales, M. J. F.; Woodland, P. C.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PARAPHRASTIC NEURAL NETWORK LANGUAGE MODELS X. Liu, M. J. F. Gales & P. C. Woodland Cambridge University Engineering Dept, Trumpington St., Cambridge, CB2 1PZ U.K. Email: {xl207,mjfg,pcw}@eng.cam.ac.uk ABSTRACT Expressive richness in natural... Workshop on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, Barbados, 2005, pp.246-252. [24] M. Mohri (1997). ďFinite-state transducers in language and speech processingĒ, Computational Linguistics, 23:2, 1997. [25] J. Park, X. Liu, M. J. F. Gales and P. C...

  17. Designing Tangible Programming Languages for Classroom Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Robert J.K.

    . Author Keywords Tangible UIs, education, children, programming languages ACM Classification Keywords H5 This paper describes a new technique for implementing educational programming languages using tangible is that of tangible programming languages for education. A tangible programming language is similar to a text

  18. Kansas and Foreign Language Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1959-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in addition to a modern language. All others taught in at least one additional subject. COllllllenting on the prohlem of school size, Dr . .James n. Conant ill his recent report on The Amef';ClI7I High School Todlly states: "The cnrollment of Illany...

  19. Command Language Interpreters February 1993

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    MDS Command Language Interpreters Reference Manual February 1993 Software Version: MDS 5.2 VAX.S.A. The following are trademarks of Digitial Equipment Corporation: CDD DECnet VAX DATATRIEVE DECUS VAXcluster DEC MicroVAX VAX Information Architecture DEC/CMS MicroVMS VMS DEC/MMS Rdb/VMS VT IDL (Interactive Data

  20. Standards for language encoding: ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erjavec, Toma¬?

    Standards for language encoding: ISO Tomaz Erjavec Dept. of Knowledge Technologies Jozef Stefan of International Standards, founded in 1947. A network of the national standards institutes of 162 countries. Somewhat problematic business model: standards are published on paper and have to be bought however, many

  1. Programming B. Wegbreit Languages Editor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parthasarathy, Madhusudan

    Programming B. Wegbreit Languages Editor Symbolic Execution and ProgramTesting James C. King IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center This paper describes the symbolic execution of pro- grams. Instead. The execution proceeds as in a normal execution except that values may he symbolic formulas over the input

  2. TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ide, Nancy

    ) developed by the International Standards Organization TC32 SC4, which is to serve as a basis for harmonizing. It is in this context that a committee of the International Standards Organization (ISO), TC 37/SC 4Chapter # TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE RESOURCES Nancy Ide and Laurent Romary

  3. UK and Italian EIA systems: A comparative study on management practice and performance in the construction industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bassi, Andrea, E-mail: ab395@bath.co.uk [University of Bath, Faculty of Engineering and Design, Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY (United Kingdom); Howard, Robert, E-mail: robhoward@constcom.demon.co.uk [Construction Communications, 8 Cotton& #x27; s Field, Dry Drayton, Cambridge CB23 8DG (United Kingdom); Geneletti, Davide, E-mail: davide.geneletti@ing.unitn.it [Sustainability Science Program, Harvard University, 79 JFK Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Trento, Via Mesiano, 77 38123 Trento (Italy); Ferrari, Simone, E-mail: simone.ferrari@polimi.it [Dept. BEST, Building Environment Science and Technology, Politecnico di Milano, Via Bonardi, 3 20133 Milano (Italy)

    2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study evaluates and contrasts the management practice and the performance that characterise Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) in Italy and in the UK. The methodology relies on the investigation of six carefully selected case studies, critically reviewed by referring to EIA and project design information, as well as collecting the opinion of key project participants. The study focuses on the construction industry and on specific key sectors like infrastructure for transport and renewable energy and commercial and tourism development. A main term of reference for the analyses has been established by critically reviewing international literature so as to outline common good practice, requirements for the enhancement of sustainability principles and typically incurred drawbacks. The proposed approach enhances transfer of knowledge and of experiences between the analyzed contexts and allows the provision of guidelines for practitioners. Distinctive differences between the UK and the Italian EIA systems have been detected for pivotal phases and elements of EIA, like screening, scoping, analysis of alternatives and of potential impacts, definition of mitigation strategies, review, decision making, public participation and follow up. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The Italian and the UK Environmental Impact Assessment systems are compared. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The research is centred on the construction industry. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Issues and shortcomings are analysed by investigating six case studies. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Integration of EIA with sustainability principles is appraised. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer General guidelines are provided to assist practitioners in the two national contexts.

  4. Effects of Orthographic Depth on Literacy Performance: Reading Comprehension Difficulties Across Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClung, Nicola Ann

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Simple Shallow Finnish (Finland) Italian (Switzerland)Dutch (Belgium) Swedish (Finland) Deep French (Canada/Assessment in Finland and Switzerland 46

  5. Language symptoms of developmental language disorders: An overview of autism, Down syndrome, fragile X, specific language impairment, and Williams syndrome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Mabel L.; Warren, Steven F.; Betz, S. K.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Language deficits occur in a variety of developmental disorders including autism spectrum disorders. Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome, specific language impairment, and Williams syndrome. This paper describes the specific pattern of linguistic...

  6. Tanja Schultz Language Technologies Institute, InterACT,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    pauses annotated Arabic Ch-Mandarin Ch-Shanghai German French Japanese Korean Croatian Portuguese Russian Ch-M andarin Turkish French Portuguese Croatian Spanish Bulgarian Russian Afrikaans Chinese Arabic

  7. Lagrangian relaxation for natural language decoding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rush, Alexander M. (Alexander Matthew)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The major success story of natural language processing over the last decade has been the development of high-accuracy statistical methods for a wide-range of language applications. The availability of large textual data ...

  8. Languages and Species: Threats and Global Patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutherland, William

    2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Both languages and species are threatened with extinction. This talk will compare patterns of cultural and biological diversity. The aims will be to compare the extinction risk of languages with other groups and then compare the patterns...

  9. Language, Ideology and Politics in Croatia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kapovi?, Mate

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based in part on his recent book ?iji je jezik? (Who does Language Belong to?), the author reviews the intricate relation of language, ideology, and politics in Croatia in the last 20 years, including new examples and analyses. The article...

  10. www.sprachenzentrum.uzh.ch Language Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z√ľrich, Universit√§t

    of Zurich and ETH Zurich Rämistrasse 71 CH-8006 Zurich Phone +41 44 634 52 81 Fax +41 44 634 82 89 wwwwww.sprachenzentrum.uzh.ch Language Center University of Zurich Language Center of the University

  11. Adding structure to agent programming languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zachmann, Gabriel

    Zachmann (Computer Graphics) #12;Adding structure to agent programming languages Peter Nov√°k, J√ľrgen Dix

  12. Linguistic Alignment in Natural Language Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halberg, Gabrielle Manya

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that are instantiated at generation time. . . . . . . . .that are instantiated at generation time. . Illustration ofin Natural Language Generation by Gabrielle Halberg

  13. Robot Languages in the Eighties Giuseppina Gini

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gini, Giuseppina

    -purpose languages applied to robots and languages specifically designed for robotics. Criteria for making a choiceRobot Languages in the Eighties Giuseppina Gini Dept. of Electronics, Politecnico, Milan, Italy of general-purpose programming systems is rapidly changing; what are the consequences for robot programming

  14. Faculty of Humanities, Languages and Social Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faculty of Humanities, Languages and Social Science Schools Outreach Programme Ľ The Faculty of Humanities, Languages and Social Science, are offering schools a wide range of outreach activity for students a new language, such as Chinese or Arabic. They can find out more about French cinema, Latin American

  15. Maps, languages, and manguages: Rival cognitive architectures?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford, Kyle

    Maps, languages, and manguages: Rival cognitive architectures? Kent Johnson Provided we agree about, section VII Map-like representations are frequently invoked as an alternative type of representational vehicle to a language of thought. This view presupposes that map-systems and languages form legitimate

  16. Advanced Topics in Types and Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitts, Andrew

    Advanced Topics in Types and Programming Languages Benjamin C. Pierce, editor The MIT Press Advanced Topics in Types and programming languages / Benjamin C. Pierce, editor p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-262-16228-8 (hc.: alk. paper) 1. Programming languages (Electronic

  17. ITER: Japanese and Europeans still at a Dead End 23/03 13:14 Japan and the European Commission completed Tuesday in Tokyo of the bilateral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitsos. The European delegation had talks on Friday with Japanese specialists in nuclear power and energy the ITER project. And each party reiterated its positions", underlined Mr. Mitsos at the time of a press and honest discussions. But the two parties camped on their respective positions ", indicated the Japanese

  18. Management and Labor Relations Techniques of Japanese-Owned Automotive Assembly Plants in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitney, Paul

    2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    announced it would build a new assembly plant in Flat Rock, Michigan. In 1985, Mitsubishi announced a joint-venture assembly plant with Chrysler in Normal, Illinois. Subaru and Isuzu selected a site near Lafayette, Indiana for their joint-venture plant...,300 No Subaru-Isuzu Lafayette, IN Dec-86 Sep-89 2,213 No Table 2.1: Locations and Start Dates of Japanese Transplants Sources: The Detroit News (Clanton 2004), American Public Media Marketplace (http://marketplace.publicradio.org/shows/1995/11/30_mpp...

  19. Material and energy recovery in integrated waste management system - An Italian case study on the quality of MSW data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bianchini, A.; Pellegrini, M. [DIEM, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna (Italy); Saccani, C., E-mail: cesare.saccani@unibo.it [DIEM, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna (Italy)

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper analyses the way numerical data on Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) quantities are recorded, processed and then reported for six of the most meaningful Italian Districts and shows the difficulties found during the comparison of these Districts, starting from the lack of homogeneity and the fragmentation of the data indispensable to make this critical analysis. These aspects are often ignored, but data certainty are the basis for serious MSW planning. In particular, the paper focuses on overall Source Separation Level (SSL) definition and on the influence that Special Waste (SW) assimilated to MSW has on it. An investigation was then necessary to identify new parameters in place of overall SSL. Moreover, these parameters are not only important for a waste management system performance measure, but are fundamental in order to design and check management plan and to identify possible actions to improve it.

  20. CHARTER ON LANGUAGE POLICY AND LANGUAGE RIGHTS INTHE CREOLE-SPEAKING CARIBBEAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    CHARTER ON LANGUAGE POLICY AND LANGUAGE RIGHTS INTHE CREOLE-SPEAKING CARIBBEAN Kingston, Jamaica-Speaking Caribbean January 2011 PREAMBLE The Creole-speaking Caribbean state parties to the Charter on Language Policy and Language Rights in the Creole-speaking Caribbean, meeting in Kingston, Jamaica from January 13

  1. Rapid Bootstrapping of five Eastern European Languages using the Rapid Language Adaptation Toolkit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    achieved a word error rate (WER) of 16.9% for Bulgarian, 32.8% for Croatian, 23.5% for Czech, 20 and Data Resources 2.1. Peculiarities of Slavic Languages The five languages Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech-European language family, which totally contains about 20 languages and dialects. Bulgarian and Croatian are South

  2. LBB evaluation for a typical Japanese PWR primary loop by using the US NRC approved methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swamy, S.A.; Bhowmick, D.C.; Prager, D.E. [Westinghouse Nuclear Technology Division, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The regulatory requirements for postulated pipe ruptures have changed significantly since the first nuclear plants were designed. The Leak-Before-Break (LBB) methodology is now accepted as a technically justifiable approach for eliminating postulation of double-ended guillotine breaks (DEGB) in high energy piping systems. The previous pipe rupture design requirements for nuclear power plant applications are responsible for all the numerous and massive pipe whip restraints and jet shields installed for each plant. This results in significant plant congestion, increased labor costs and radiation dosage for normal maintenance and inspection. Also the restraints increase the probability of interference between the piping and supporting structures during plant heatup, thereby potentially impacting overall plant reliability. The LBB approach to eliminate postulating ruptures in high energy piping systems is a significant improvement to former regulatory methodologies, and therefore, the LBB approach to design is gaining worldwide acceptance. However, the methods and criteria for LBB evaluation depend upon the policy of individual country and significant effort continues towards accomplishing uniformity on a global basis. In this paper the historical development of the U.S. LBB criteria will be traced and the results of an LBB evaluation for a typical Japanese PWR primary loop applying U.S. NRC approved methods will be presented. In addition, another approach using the Japanese LBB criteria will be shown and compared with the U.S. criteria. The comparison will be highlighted in this paper with detailed discussion.

  3. Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by Language:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAboutScienceCareers ApplyResistant:NOAA-EPA UVBrown carbonEnglishItalian --

  4. Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by Language:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAboutScienceCareers ApplyResistant:NOAA-EPA UVBrown carbonEnglishItalian

  5. Makino Shinichi, Sakaguchi Ango, and Oda Sakunosuke: Modern Japanese Literature as a Joke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fargo, Matthew Thomas

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    slating! in! public. ! (Huizinga,! 68)! Thus! the! form! of!language. ! Johan! Huizinga,! in! his! seminal! study! of! ďinto! tears. 114 ! But! Huizinga! takes! special! care! to!

  6. Bio-pharmaceutical entrepreneurship in two Japanese and French bio-clusters: differences in founder's profiles and experience.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    breakthroughs, a new type of firm has emerged in the pharmaceutical industry, called the New Biotechnology FirmBio-pharmaceutical entrepreneurship in two Japanese and French bio- clusters: differences academia to the pharmaceutical market and facilitate technological incursions into drug development

  7. Metabolic and genetic regulation in adipose tissue of Angus and Wagyu steers raised to U.S. and Japanese endpoints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Ki Yong

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    .m. lipid concentration. Subcutaneous adipose tissue concentrations of oleic (18:1n-9) was greater in Wagyu steers than in Angus steers (P = 0.05). All monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) increased between the U.S. and Japanese endpoint, whereas slip points...

  8. Spinning Tales about Japanese Cotton Spinning: Saxonhouse (1974) Then and Now Serguey Braguinsky and David A. Hounshell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braguinsky, Serguey

    1 Spinning Tales about Japanese Cotton Spinning: Saxonhouse (1974) Then and Now Serguey-era cotton spinning industry in Japan, the study of which was pioneered by Gary Saxonhouse in an article). With a history worthy of being called a tale, Japan's Meiji-era cotton spinning industry led that Asian nation

  9. Developing Language Processing Components with GATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maynard, Diana

    Developing Language Processing Components with GATE (a User Guide) For GATE version 3 beta 1 (July.3 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 3.4 [D] Get Started

  10. Self-Organisation of a Learnable Language: What Happens When an Alien Language Replicates through Human Brains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steels, Luc

    1 Self-Organisation of a Learnable Language: What Happens When an Alien Language Replicates through initial alien language, as it is replicated through successive `generations' of language learners in three. (2008). In this paradigm, a subject is given a random initial `alien language' to learn. The language

  11. 18 years experience on UF{sub 6} handling at Japanese nuclear fuel manufacturer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujinaga, H.; Yamazaki, N.; Takebe, N. [Japan Nucelar Fuel Conversion Co., Ltd., Ibaraki (Japan)

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In the spring of 1991, a leading nuclear fuel manufacturing company in Japan, celebrated its 18th anniversary. Since 1973, the company has produced over 5000 metric ton of ceramic grade UO{sub 2} powder to supply to Japanese fabricators, without major accident/incident and especially with a successful safety record on UF{sub 6} handling. The company`s 18 years experience on nuclear fuel manufacturing reveals that key factors for the safe handling of UF{sub 6} are (1) installing adequate facilities, equipped with safety devices, (2) providing UF{sub 6} handling manuals and executing them strictly, and (3) repeating on and off the job training for operators. In this paper, equipment and the operation mode for UF{sub 6} processing at their facility are discussed.

  12. Development of a neutronics calculation method for designing commercial type Japanese sodium-cooled fast reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takeda, T.; Shimazu, Y.; Hibi, K.; Fujimura, K. [Research Inst. of Nuclear Engineering, Univ. of Fukui, 1cho-me 2gaiku 4, Kanawa-cho, Tsuruga-shi, Fukui 914-0055 (Japan)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under the R and D project to improve the modeling accuracy for the design of fast breeder reactors the authors are developing a neutronics calculation method for designing a large commercial type sodium- cooled fast reactor. The calculation method is established by taking into account the special features of the reactor such as the use of annular fuel pellet, inner duct tube in large fuel assemblies, large core. The Verification and Validation, and Uncertainty Qualification (V and V and UQ) of the calculation method is being performed by using measured data from the prototype FBR Monju. The results of this project will be used in the design and analysis of the commercial type demonstration FBR, known as the Japanese Sodium fast Reactor (JSFR). (authors)

  13. Karl Haushofer and his impact on the German-Japanese Alliance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayes, Tracey Michelle

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    &del'au&rents in Jr&pan and Germany ol' impeniili?tic expan?ion, anti-communism, riibid nation;ilism, and the drive toward technological ?upcnority formed the bii?i? I'or thi? coalition. The?ecd? ol thi? Geiman-Japanese alliance began hesitantly;is carly;is 1880... and lasted ?& the finiil days of ?Vorld &Vi&r Il. It is cle;&r thai Hausholcr ?;&s in?trumental in developing Germany's alliance ?&th hi? heli&&ed J;ip;in. ?hich hc sa&v as Germany'? brothe&' n i&i&in. Ih? interest evolved into a lil'elong p;ission. He...

  14. Intrinsic Constraints on Language: Grammar and Hermeneutics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bickhard, Mark H.

    Intrinsic Constraints on Language: Grammar and Hermeneutics Mark H. Bickhard Mark H. Bickhard on Language: Grammar and Hermeneutics Mark H. Bickhard Abstract Functional and pragmatic approaches to grammar to its nature. I also show how phenomena of implicature, the hermeneutic circle, and forms of creative

  15. Expressive Language Profiles of Verbally Expressive Adolescents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Danh

    Expressive Language Profiles of Verbally Expressive Adolescents and Young Adults With Down Syndrome of a subset of highly verbally expressive adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome (DS) and those differences in their expressive language profiles. KEY WORDS: Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome, narrative

  16. LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION IN FRAGILE X SYNDROME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Danh

    syndromes (e.g., Down syndrome, autism). We also consider problems in language within the broader contextLANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION IN FRAGILE X SYNDROME Leonard Abbeduto1,2* and Randi Jenssen Hagerman3 problems of individuals with fragile X syndrome (FXS). FXS is a common genetic disorder resulting from

  17. Multi-language Struct Support in Babel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebner, D; Prantl, A; Epperly, T W

    2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Babel is an open-source language interoperability framework tailored to the needs of high-performance scientific computing. As an integral element of the Common Component Architecture (CCA) it is used in a wide range of research projects. In this paper we describe how we extended Babel to support interoperable tuple data types (structs). Structs are a common idiom in scientific APIs; they are an efficient way to pass tuples of nonuniform data between functions, and are supported natively by most programming languages. Using our extended version of Babel, developers of scientific code can now pass structs as arguments between functions implemented in any of the supported languages. In C, C++ and Fortran 2003, structs can be passed without the overhead of data marshaling or copying, providing language interoperability at minimal cost. Other supported languages are Fortran 77, Fortran 90, Java and Python. We will show how we designed a struct implementation that is interoperable with all of the supported languages and present benchmark data compare the performance of all language bindings, highlighting the differences between languages that offer native struct support and an object-oriented interface with getter/setter methods.

  18. Chapter 2 (Scott) Programming Language Syntax

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Vicki H.

    1 Chapter 2 (Scott) Programming Language Syntax 1 Lexical and Syntactic Analysis · Chomsky Grammar of a programming language is a precise description of all its grammatically correct programs. P i t fi t d ith Al l.) ­ Concrete syntax - rules for writing i t t t dexpressions, statements and programs. ­ Abstract syntax

  19. A pattern language for sacred secular places

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, Melanie Rachel

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    to design and construct their own home, pattern language never quite caught up with those in the field of architecture, mostly because of its lack of flexibility. The core idea of Alexander¬?s pattern language was to arm architects, designers, and the common...

  20. Texas Dual Language Program Cost Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Galloway, Martha; Mahadevan, Lakshmi; Mason, Ben; Irby, Beverly J.; Brown, Genevieve; Gůmez, Leo

    2010-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    .......................................................................................................... 4 Texas Dual Language Program Cost Analysis............................................................... 8 Literature Review ............................................................................................................. 8 English... inclusivity, dual language (DL) programs (sometimes referred to as two-way immersion) have seen a rapid increase in Texas and the nation, however, an extensive review of literature indicated that no national or state-wide studies have addressed the issue...

  1. Language of the Internet NAOMI S. BARON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlini, David

    processing to facilitate working on the Internet and the World Wide Web (1.3) Section 2 Linguistic Issues for Communicating via the Web 1 As with so many aspects of the computing world, the nature of the language of this chapter. #12;2 summarize the types of Web coding systems (4.1) present an overview of Web markup languages

  2. Optimization Modeling Languages Emmanuel Fragni`ere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gondzio, Jacek

    Optimization Modeling Languages Emmanuel Fragni`ere HEC, Department of Management, University, 1999 1 #12;Abstract The access to advanced optimization software needs more and more sophisticated modeling tools. Optimization modeling languages are tools that facilitate the decision making process based

  3. Interaction of Programming Language and Environment Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Language Influence on Environmental Design Perhaps the biggest impact programming languages have had construction. Finally, the compiler is simplified if the editor produces an error-free parse tree; in fact prefer to edit text, and that some editing (e.g., entering in-fix expressions and transforming an if-statement

  4. The Blue Language1 Michael Klling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    1 The Blue Language1 Michael Kölling School of Computer Science and Software Engineering Monash. The system we are about to discuss is named Blue. Blue is an integrated programming environment and an object. In this issue, we discuss the language aspects of Blue. Next month we will continue the discussion by describing

  5. HLT/EMNLP 2005 Human Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and the 9th International Workshop on Parsing Technologies (IWPT). In the HLT tradition, the conference Language Processing Proceedings of the Conference 6-8 October 2005 Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada #12HLT/EMNLP 2005 Human Language Technology Conference and Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural

  6. The use of an English language assessment test on South African English additional language (EAL) speakers from an indigenous language and cultural background : a critical evaluation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mdlalo, Thandeka.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The aim of the study is to provide an in-depth interrogation and critique of the use of language assessment tools on populations from indigenous languageÖ (more)

  7. Natural language search of structured documents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oney, Stephen W

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis focuses on techniques with which natural language can be used to search for specific elements in a structured document, such as an XML file. The goal is to create a system capable of being trained to identify ...

  8. The Cultural Identities of Foreign Language Teachers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fichtner, Friederike; Chapman, Katie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    participants, was also of Cherokee heritage. For a completet matter, you know. Because Iím not there to teach Cherokeeculture, Cherokee language, Iím L2 Journal Vol. 3 (2011)

  9. Dealing with data from West Nilotic languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remijsen, Bert

    2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 2005, the author has been involved in several projects aimed at investigating and documenting the Western Nilotic languages Dinka and Shilluk. Over the years he has come to distinguish primarily between two types of data, a distinction which...

  10. Language Modeling for limited-data domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Bo-June (Bo-June Paul)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the increasing focus of speech recognition and natural language processing applications on domains with limited amount of in-domain training data, enhanced system performance often relies on approaches involving model ...

  11. UPC Language Specifications V1.2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    UPC Consortium

    2005-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    UPC is an explicitly parallel extension to the ISO C 99Standard. UPC follows the partitioned global address space programming model. This document is the formal specification for the UPC language syntax and semantics.

  12. Language, embodiment, and the cognitive niche†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Andy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Embodied agents use bodily actions and environmental interventions to make the world a better place to think in. Where does language fit into this emerging picture of the embodied, ecologically efficient agent? One useful ...

  13. The RB Language Jonathan M. Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­­ ­­ The RB Language Jonathan M. Smith Distributed Systems Laboratory Department of Computer of an attempt to generate more practical examples of the scheme described by Smith and Maguire for ``competitive

  14. BRASIL Language Specification March 9, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BRASIL Language Specification March 9, 2010 #12;Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 Getting Started: Simulations in BRASIL 4 2.1 The State-Effect Design Pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2 Supporting the State-Effect Pattern in BRASIL

  15. Natural Language Processing on the Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natural Language Processing on the Web Guy Lapalme RALI-DIRO, Université de Montréal ! http://www.iro.umontreal.ca/~lapalme #12;Overview · What is Natural Language Processing (NLP) · NLP for the Web · The Web for NLP 2 #12 recognition 5 #12;http://rali.iro.umontreal.ca #12;NLP for the syntactic Web search engines · NLP saved

  16. Feedlot performance, carcass characteristics and efficiency of production for American Wagyu-Angus crossbred cattle produced for the Japanese market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barker, Bryan Paul

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    feeding systems. Each feeding system was divided into two phases with the linear treatment fed to gain . 81 kg per day during both phases, and the deferred treatment fed to gain . 45 kg per day during phase I followed by ad libitum intake during phase... II. Japanese beef carcass grading standards were recorded upon slaughter and costs of production were estimated. Treatment had no effect on feedlot performance for the total trial, However, it did affect performance during each phase (P ( . 05...

  17. A common language for computer security incidents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John D. Howard; Thomas A Longstaff

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Much of the computer security information regularly gathered and disseminated by individuals and organizations cannot currently be combined or compared because a common language has yet to emerge in the field of computer security. A common language consists of terms and taxonomies (principles of classification) which enable the gathering, exchange and comparison of information. This paper presents the results of a project to develop such a common language for computer security incidents. This project results from cooperation between the Security and Networking Research Group at the Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA, and the CERT{reg_sign} Coordination Center at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA. This Common Language Project was not an effort to develop a comprehensive dictionary of terms used in the field of computer security. Instead, the authors developed a minimum set of high-level terms, along with a structure indicating their relationship (a taxonomy), which can be used to classify and understand computer security incident information. They hope these high-level terms and their structure will gain wide acceptance, be useful, and most importantly, enable the exchange and comparison of computer security incident information. They anticipate, however, that individuals and organizations will continue to use their own terms, which may be more specific both in meaning and use. They designed the common language to enable these lower-level terms to be classified within the common language structure.

  18. Inigo Jones's library and the language of architectural classicism in England, 1580-1640

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Christy Jo

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inigo Jones's collection of books is a unique and early survival of an architect's annotated library. The combination of standard sixteenth century Italian and French editions of classics, mathematical and scientific ...

  19. Theory and Implementation of a Functional Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selinger, Peter

    present the languag* *e PPL, a strongly typed, call-by-name language which supports recursion and polym* *or- phism. We describe a compiler of PPL into a low-level assembly language. T* *he

  20. Theory and Implementation of a Functional Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selinger, Peter

    begin with the study of the -calculus, an idealized mathematical language. We present the language PPL of PPL into a low-level assembly language. The compilation is based on an abstract machine interpretation

  1. 9.402 Language and Thought, Fall 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boroditsky, Lera

    Subject examines the many interrelationships between language and thought. Do people who speak different languages think differently? Does learning new languages change the way you think? Do polyglots think differently in ...

  2. Sample Contract Language for Information Technology Using Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Sample Contract Language for Information Technology Using Energy-Efficient Products Sample Contract Language for Information Technology Using Energy-Efficient Products Document...

  3. Model Acquisition Language for Energy-Efficient Product Contracts...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Technologies Energy-Efficient Products Model Acquisition Language for Energy-Efficient Product Contracts Model Acquisition Language for Energy-Efficient Product Contracts...

  4. Character Divination and Kinetic Sculpture in the Central Italian Passeggiata (Ritual Promenade): Interpretive Frameworks and Expressive Practices from a Body-Centered Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Del Negro, Giovanna P.; Berger, Harris M.

    Character Divination and Kinetic Sculpture in the Central Italian Passeggiata (Ritual Promenade): Interpretive Frameworks and Expressive Practices from a Body-Centered Perspective Author(s): Giovanna P. Del Negro and Harris M. Berger Source... to digitize, preserve and extend access to The Journal of American Folklore. http://www.jstor.org This content downloaded from 165.91.48.71 on Thu, 29 May 2014 15:40:26 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions GIOVANNA P. DEL NEGRO HARRIS M. BERGER...

  5. Using similar tasks to increase negotiation of meaning and language production in an online second language learning environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arslanyilmaz, Abdurrahman

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigates the use of authentic subtitled similar task videos (ASSTVs) and their relationship to second language negotiation of meaning and language production among non-native speakers of English in an online task-based language...

  6. Department of Humanities Advanced Certificate in Modern Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ French: Individual and Society ____ HU4273 Modern Language Seminar III ­ French: Technology in Literature Seminar II ­ German: Individual and Society ____ HU4283 Modern Language Seminar III ­ German: Technology Language Seminar II ­ Spanish: Individual and Society ____ HU4293 Modern Language Seminar III ­ Spanish

  7. COLLEGE OF ARTS AND HUMANITIES DEPARTMENT OF LANGUAGES, TRANSLATION AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    for All 2014 ≠ 2015 If you want to work, study or travel abroad, language skills can help you to do this. The Languages for All (LFA) programme gives you the opportunity to gain invaluable languages skills while you.ariotti@swansea.ac.uk) #12;LFA ≠ BEGINNERS* Module Code Title Credits Teaching Block CY-140 Languages for All ≠ Welsh 1 10 1

  8. Using MATLAB The Language of Technical Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deYoung, Brad

    Using MATLAB¬ģ Graphics Version 7 MATLAB ¬ģ The Language of Technical Computing #12;How to Contact The MathWorks: www.mathworks.com Web comp.soft-sys.matlab Newsgroup support@mathworks.com Technical supportWorks Web site. Using MATLAB Graphics ¬© COPYRIGHT 1984 - 2004 by The MathWorks, Inc. The software described

  9. Cop$c Language Guy Halawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dershowitz, Nachum

    are they? · Copts are an Egyp$an Chris$an group · Largest Chris$an group' is adapta$on of the Greek word "" (Egyp$an) #12;Copts - Popula$on · Total popula of the Egyp$an Arabic · Cop$c word in other languages: Hebrew) - crocodile

  10. a Packet Processing Language Eric Krupski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PPL a Packet Processing Language Eric Krupski 15 June 2004 Dartmouth College Computer Science Technical Report TR2004-508 #12;Krupski 1 Table of Contents: Abstract 2 Introduction 2 Details of PPL 7 C Representations of PPL Data 18 Analysis 19 Future Work 22 Conclusions 23 Appendix 1 25 Appendix 2 30 #12;Krupski 2

  11. Language Preorder as a Precongruence Wan Fokkink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, P. W.

    by a single-sorted rst-order signature, and transitions are supplied with labels. Labelled transition systems equivalence called tyft tyxt, supplied with a well-foundedness criterion. Sponsored in part by a grant from in this format is always a congruence. The con- gruence format for language equivalence, called L cool, consists

  12. Language Production General Points about Speech Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulson, Seana

    Language Production #12;General Points about Speech Production 15 speech sounds per second => 2, shall I say `t' or `d'' (Levelt) Production side has gotten less attention in Psycholinguistics than the comprehension side. Evidence for speech production behaviour has until recently relied heavily on speech errors

  13. Translating Facebook into Endangered Languages Kevin Scannell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scannell, Kevin Patrick

    Translating Facebook into Endangered Languages Kevin Scannell Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, USA [kscanne@gmail.com] Abstract: Facebook is an incredibly popular social networking site to Facebook as a way for small and scattered speaker populations to connect with each other online

  14. Project ELLA: English Language and Literacy Acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly J.; Mathes, Patricia G.; Rodriguez, Rosalinda; Tong, Fuhui; Guerrero, Cindy; Quiros, Ana; Cox, Kathleen; Castellanos, Mary

    2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    favorably to a specific model. ? Follow children from kindergarten through grade 3. ELLA MODEL Time of Structured English Structured ESL for Program Types Altered Transitional Experimental to One-Way Dual Language Ongoing Staff Development... Portfolio The Reflection Cycle ?Brown & Irby, 2000 Self- Assessment Evaluation Planning & Refocusing Informed Practice Student Growth Reflection From The Principal Portfolio Corwin Press Level 2: Student Interventions ? Kindergarten ? 75...

  15. On Linguistic Quality of Natural Language Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruggieri, Salvatore

    , has now reached its limits. Like classical engineering switched from quality control to total qualityOn Linguistic Quality of Natural Language Requirements F. Fabbrini 1 , M. Fusani 1 , V. Gervasi 2 Informatica, Corso Italia 40, 56125 Pisa Italy. Abstract. We recognize the need for defining a quality model

  16. The Core Language of Aldwych Matthew HUNTBACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huntbach, Matthew

    into a tiny core language which captures the essential mechanisms of its programming style. This idea has been with its basis in CSP [4]. More recently, the pi-calculus [19] has received much attention as the suggested basis for a model of interactive computing. Unlike CSP, the pi-calculus is a name-passing calculus

  17. Hybrid Abstractions that Preserve Timed Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pappas, George J.

    Hybrid Abstractions that Preserve Timed Languages Paulo Tabuada1 and George J. Pappas2 1 Instituto@ee.upenn.edu Abstract. In this paper we consider the problem of extracting an ab- straction from a hybrid control system that determine when trajectories of the original hybrid system can be generated by the abstracted hybrid system

  18. INFERENCE GENERATION DURING AUDITORY LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INFERENCE GENERATION DURING AUDITORY LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION David A. Swinney Lee Osterhout I. Introduction It has become nearly axiomatic (and even likely true) to hold that inference generation during the literature rife with observations that while there is little evi- dence of "automatic" generation of certain

  19. Materials research at selected Japanese laboratories. Based on a 1992 visit: Overview, summary of highlights, notes on laboratories and topics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I visited Japan from June 29 to August 1, 1992. The purpose of this visit was to assess the status of materials science research at selected governmental, university and industrial laboratories and to established acquaintances with Japanese researchers. The areas of research covered by these visits included ceramics, oxide superconductors, intermetallics alloys, superhard materials and diamond films, high-temperature materials and properties, mechanical properties, fracture, creep, fatigue, defects, materials for nuclear reactor applications and irradiation effects, high pressure synthesis, self-propagating high temperature synthesis, microanalysis, magnetic properties and magnetic facilities, and surface science.

  20. Speech of italian ambassador

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    L'ambassadeur italien (nom?)fait un discours sur l'aspect de la recherche au Cern, une organisation internationale qui a comme but la connaissance dans sa forme la plus pure et libre d'un intťrÍt planťtaire. Il remet un prix au DG C.Rubbia qui lui remercie en franÁais

  1. Romani Language: Cataloging Ramifications for a Language in the Process of Standardization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Husic, Geoff

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    recently Uzbek), which have certain ramifications for cataloging and retrieval in library catalogs. In some cases the change is unproblematic, for example, when abandoning Cyrillic the Moldovans, whose language is basically identical to Romanian, just... chose to return to writing in standard Romanian, while Address correspondence to: Geoff Husic, MA, MS, Slavic and Special Languages Librarian, University of Kansas Libraries, 1425 Jayhawk Blvd, Room 519...

  2. The Pumping Lemma, Part 2 Some languages are not context-free languages.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bylander, Tom

    The Pumping Lemma, Part 2 Some languages are not context-free languages. A pumping lemma can. #12; Proof of the Pumping Lemma Theorem: Let A be a CFL. There exists a num- ber p, for all w, if jsj; ) uvRyz #3; ) uvxyz S u R z R y v x #12; Using the Pumping Lemma A 1 = fa n b n c n : n #21; 0g Choose

  3. Extending old languages for new architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Leo

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    languages for new architectures Leo P. White Summary Architectures evolve quickly. The number of transistors available to chip designers doubles every 18 months, allowing increasingly complex architectures to be developed on a single chip. Power dissipation... issues have forced chip designers to look for new ways to use the transistors at their disposal. This situation inevitably leads to new architectural features on a fairly regular basis. Enabling programmers to benefit from these new architectural features...

  4. Composition Semantics of the Rosetta Specification Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peck, Megan Elizabeth

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    using Coalgebras . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 6.2.1 Process Calculi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 6.2.2 Coalgebras in Java Semantics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 6.2.3 Previous Work on Rosetta.... Components may have inputs and outputs that allow them to be parameterized and to communicate with other specification constructs. The terms within a component may either be Boolean expressions written in Rosettaís expression language or may instantiate other...

  5. Identifying Patterns in Geospatial Natural Language Kristin Stock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    Identifying Patterns in Geospatial Natural Language Kristin Stock Nottingham Geospatial Institute University of Nottingham Abstract The automated interpretation of geospatial be suitable as an approach to the representation of geospatial natural language that supports

  6. A computational model to connect gestalt perception and natural language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhande, Sheel Sanjay, 1979-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a computational model that connects gestalt visual perception and language. The model grounds the meaning of natural language words and phrases in terms of the perceptual properties of visually salient groups. ...

  7. SPATIAL DATABASE MODELING WITH PICTOGRAMMIC LANGUAGES Yvan Bdard, Suzie Larrive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SPATIAL DATABASE MODELING WITH PICTOGRAMMIC LANGUAGES Yvan Bťdard, Suzie Larrivťe Dept of Geomatics Sciences Centre for Research in Geomatics Canada NSERC Industrial Research Chair in Geospatial Databases language extension, Spatial data modeling, Perceptory pictograms. DEFINITION "Spatial databases" consist

  8. The emergence of hierarchical structure in human language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miyagawa, Shigeru

    We propose a novel account for the emergence of human language syntax. Like many evolutionary innovations, language arose from the adventitious combination of two pre-existing, simpler systems that had been evolved for ...

  9. Modeling prosodic features in language models for meetings.†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we investigate the application of a novel technique for language modeling - a hierarchical Bayesian language model (LM) based on the Pitman-Yor process - on automatic speech recognition (ASR) for multiparty meetings. The hierarchical...

  10. Notes on Kusunda Grammar: A language isolate of Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watters, David

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Indo-Pacific language in NepalĒ. Proceedings of the Nationalin selected languages of Nepal, Vol. II:81-174. Turner,Dor Bahadur. 1967. People of Nepal. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak

  11. On the Representation of Physical Quantities in Natural Language Text

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forbus, Kenneth D.

    On the Representation of Physical Quantities in Natural Language Text Sven E. Kuehne (skuehne processes from natural language text. In an earlier analysis (Kuehne & Forbus, 2002) we presented a scheme

  12. 6.881 Natural Language Processing, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barzilay, Regina

    This course is a graduate level introduction to natural language processing, the primary concern of which is the study of human language from a computational perspective. The class will cover models at the level of syntactic, ...

  13. The structure and implications of the global language network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronen, Shahar

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Languages vary enormously in global importance because of historical, demographic, political, and technological forces, and there has been much speculation about the current and future status of English as a global language. ...

  14. Transformation Nets -A Runtime Model for Transformation Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochreiter, Sepp

    Transformation Nets - A Runtime Model for Transformation Languages Johannes Schoenboeck Institute transformation languages. Although numerous approaches are available, they lack convenient facilities for supporting debugging and understand- ing of the transformation logic. This is not least because

  15. Japan hopes for rapid accord with EU on nuclear reactor Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi said Monday that he hopes to resolve a dispute with the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Japan hopes for rapid accord with EU on nuclear reactor 02/05/2005 Japanese Prime Minister nuclear reactor as soon as possible. Koizumi discussed the row over plans for the International Terms and Conditions 5/2/05 8:59 AMEUbusiness - Japan hopes for rapid accord with EU on nuclear reactor

  16. SOILS AND FOUNDATlONS \\-01. 31, No. 3, 77-90, Sept. 1991 Japanese Society of Coil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SOILS AND FOUNDATlONS \\-01. 31, No. 3, 77-90, Sept. 1991 Japanese Society of Coil Mechanics, settlement, soil mechanics, statistical analysis (IGC : E2) INTRODUCTION Conventional methods of estimating from the mean by a given amount due to spatial variations in soil properties. Key words : consolidation

  17. Reflecting (on) the Orientalist Gaze: A Feminist Analysis of Japanese-U.S. GIs Intimacy in Postwar Japan and Contemporary Okinawa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizumura, Ayako

    2009-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This project explores experiences of two generations of Japanese women, "war brides," who married U.S. GIs and moved to the U.S. in the post-World War II era, and "military wives," who married U.S. GIs within the past ...

  18. School of Languages, Literatures and CulturalStudies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    School of Languages, Literatures and CulturalStudies Postgraduate Handbook 2012/2013 #12;2 Table of Contents Introduction 2 Information about College 3 Graduate Studies Office 7 The School of Languages back ­ to the School of Languages, Literatures and Cultural Studies as a postgraduate student

  19. UMass Lowell Intensive Spanish Language & Culture in Cdiz, Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    UMass Lowell Intensive Spanish Language & Culture in C√°diz, Spain Program Description Travel to Spain and study at the University of C√°diz in a specialized intensive language program established Lowell During the Summer in C√°diz, Spain! Complete Levels 1-4 (12 credit) of Spanish language in one

  20. Facebook in all six Celtic Languages Kevin Scannell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scannell, Kevin Patrick

    Facebook in all six Celtic Languages (mar dhea) Kevin Scannell Saint Louis University May 31, 2012 #12;Social media and endangered languages Social media: Facebook, Twitter, blogs, podcasts (audio Appealing to kids, the most important demographic! #12;Facebook for language revitalization I spent

  1. The Application of XML Languages for Integrating Molecular Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    The Application of XML Languages for Integrating Molecular Resources Content 1) The Application of XML Languages for Integrating Molecular Resources 2) Georgios V. Gkoutos,a Peter Murray-Rust,b Henry S of Molecular Resources 7) Molecular Integration based on XML 8) The ChemDig Project 9) Chemical Markup Language

  2. Substitutional Semantics and Natural Language Quantification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ludlow, Peter

    violence to the syntax of natural language. Consider the following sentences with restricted quantifiers. (5) Exactly one person wrote Waverly. (6) Seven spies (each with two code names) quit the CIA. The most natural way of interpreting (5-6) would... be as in (5Ľ-6*) (5') For exactly one term t 't is a person and t wrote Waverly' is true. (6*) For exactly 7 terms tl,t2,...,t7 'ti quit the CIA' is true. The problem with (5') and (6') is that they will not be assigned the correct truth value...

  3. ALECS: assembly language extensions and control structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oothoudt, M.A.; Kozlowski, T.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ALECS is an assembly language preprocessor allowing the use of structured programming techniques in MACRO-11 code. Programs are written using standard control structures with normal MACRO-11 code embedded as needed. The ALECS task is used to translate the source to pure MACRO-11 source file which is then submitted to the assembler. ALECS also produces a structured source listing showing the true logical flow of code. ALECS has been used for short subroutines as well as RSX-11M I/0 drivers and an ACP.

  4. Project ELLA: English Language and Literacy Acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly J.; Mathes, Patricia G.

    2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    ? To determine which instructional delivery model is most effective in promoting English language acquisition and literacy. ? To study under what circumstances certain students respond more favorably to a specific model. ? Follow children from kindergarten... with the lowest performing students on communication games; more than one group served per classroom) TIME DISPERSEMENT Demographics of ELLA - Kindergarten 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 SEI-E SEI-T TBE-E TBE-T SEI-E 67.35 97 75 172 SEI-T 67.02 103 71...

  5. Plain Language Training | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006Photovoltaic Theory and ModelingPink Skies ComingPlain LanguagePlain

  6. Languages, Algorithms, Procedures, Calculi, and Metalogic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark Burgin

    2007-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Logicians study and apply a multiplicity of various logical systems. Consequently, there is necessity to build foundations and common grounds for all these systems. This is done in metalogic. Like metamathematics studies formalized mathematical theories, metalogic studies theories in logic, or logics. The discipline of logic has been developed with the aim to model and study human thinking and reasoning. A more realistic understanding relates logic only to reasoning. Reasoning is a mental and verbal activity. Any activity is based on actions and operations organized by procedures and algorithms. That is why procedures and algorithms are basic for the development of different logics, their study and application. In this work, we study structures used in logic with the aim to reflect goals of logic as a discipline. The main structure is a logical calculus, which pivotal for the contemporary logic. Logical calculus is considered here as a two-tier construction with a logical language on the first level and the calculus itself on the second level. A system of interdependencies that exists between properties of deductive calculi and utilized by these calculi algorithms are explicated and studied. Here only syntactic parts of logics, namely, deductive logical calculi and corresponding languages are considered. Semantic and pragmatic parts are studied elsewhere.

  7. Effect of dynamic monotonic and cyclic loading on fracture behavior for Japanese carbon steel pipe STS410

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kinoshita, Kanji; Murayama, Kouichi; Ogata, Hiroyuki [and others

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The fracture behavior for Japanese carbon steel pipe STS410 was examined under dynamic monotonic and cyclic loading through a research program of International Piping Integrity Research Group (EPIRG-2), in order to evaluate the strength of pipe during the seismic event The tensile test and the fracture toughness test were conducted for base metal and TIG weld metal. Three base metal pipe specimens, 1,500mm in length and 6-inch diameter sch.120, were employed for a quasi-static monotonic, a dynamic monotonic and a dynamic cyclic loading pipe fracture tests. One weld joint pipe specimen was also employed for a dynamic cyclic loading test In the dynamic cyclic loading test, the displacement was controlled as applying the fully reversed load (R=-1). The pipe specimens with a circumferential through-wall crack were subjected four point bending load at 300C in air. Japanese STS410 carbon steel pipe material was found to have high toughness under dynamic loading condition through the CT fracture toughness test. As the results of pipe fracture tests, the maximum moment to pipe fracture under dynamic monotonic and cyclic loading condition, could be estimated by plastic collapse criterion and the effect of dynamic monotonic loading and cyclic loading was a little on the maximum moment to pipe fracture of the STS410 carbon steel pipe. The STS410 carbon steel pipe seemed to be less sensitive to dynamic and cyclic loading effects than the A106Gr.B carbon steel pipe evaluated in IPIRG-1 program.

  8. Language Proficiency Modulates the Recruitment of Non-Classical Language Areas in Bilinguals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Hagler Jr.2,3 , Anders M. Dale2,3,4 , Jeffrey L. Elman1,5 , Eric Halgren2,3,4,5 1 Department of Cognitive-Classical Language Areas in Bilinguals. PLoS ONE 6(3): e18240. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018240 Editor: Pedro Valdes

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - automated natural language Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Language Communities and its Implication for Language-specific Crawling Rizza... Camus Caminero Language Observatory Nagaoka University of Technology Nagaoka, Niigata, Japan...

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - assembly language programming Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    W. Godfrey Summary: language, such as 32-bit GNU assembler or the JVM, they are also independent of the programming language... ; consequently, few if any programming language...

  11. Organizing the Aggregate: Languages for Spatial Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beal, Jacob; Usbeck, Kyle; Viroli, Mirko; Correll, Nikolaus

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the number of computing devices embedded into engineered systems continues to rise, there is a widening gap between the needs of the user to control aggregates of devices and the complex technology of individual devices. Spatial computing attempts to bridge this gap for systems with local communication by exploiting the connection between physical locality and device connectivity. A large number of spatial computing domain specific languages (DSLs) have emerged across diverse domains, from biology and reconfigurable computing, to sensor networks and agent-based systems. In this paper, we develop a framework for analyzing and comparing spatial computing DSLs, survey the current state of the art, and provide a roadmap for future spatial computing DSL investigation.

  12. The Design of Monty: a Programming/Scripting Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, D.A.

    Watt,D.A. Language Descriptions, Tools and Applications (LDTA 2005) pp 1-23 Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science

  13. assisted language learning: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    contents are not directly presented to the user. Open learner Bull, Susan 3 Online Mind Maps for Language Learning : Assisted Risk-Taking Josphine Rmon1 Computer Technologies...

  14. DOE-APPROVED COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENT LANGUAGE...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LANGUAGE AND GUIDANCE The Modular Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) was developed to promote consistency throughout the Department of Energy (DOE). The...

  15. The Language Application Grid , James Pustejovsky, Christopher Cieri, Eric Nyberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ide, Nancy

    The Language Application Grid Nancy Ide , James Pustejovsky, Christopher Cieri, Eric Nyberg , Denise DiPersio, Chunqi Shi, Keith Suderman , Marc Verhagen, Di Wang , Jonathan Wright Vassar College

  16. artificial esperanto languages: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    space flight. We investigated (more) Edmonds, Jessica Leigh 2005-01-01 71 Abduction in Natural Language Understanding Jerry R. Hobbs Computer Technologies and...

  17. Reading achievement of English language learners in 50/50 and 90/10 two-way dual language programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Nano Kathleen

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    in a language other than English. For the present study, Spanish was the first language of instruction, with an increasing amount of instruction in English as the students progressed through fifth grade. Kindergarten and first grade instruction... in Texas, with approximately 20 students from each program. The students from each two-way dual language program had been in the program since kindergarten or first grade. In addition, my study only investigated the ELLs? Spanish and English reading...

  18. MSU CIP Description OSU CIP Description 010101 Agricultural Business and Management, General. 0101 Agricultural Business and Management. Inst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    Technologies. Inst 160301 Chinese Language and Literature. 1603 East Asian Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics. Asst 160302 Japanese Language and Literature. 1603 East Asian Languages, Literatures

  19. Is there/will there be a Bosnian Language: aspects of the language situation in post?war Bosnia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Husic, Geoff

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A discussion of the perception of Bosnian as a language distinct from Serbian and Croatian in Bosnia before and after the Yugoslav War, 1991-1995....

  20. THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES PIERRE HYVERNAT Laboratoire describes an automatic termination checker for a generic first- order call-by-value language in ML style. We arguments of recursive call evolve during evaluation. The result is a criterion for termination extending

  1. THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyvernat, Pierre

    THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES PIERRE HYVERNAT Laboratoire describes an automatic termination checker for a generic first- order call-by-value language in ML style. We arguments of recursive calls evolve during evaluation. The result is a criterion for termination extending

  2. THE DEVELOPMENT OF LANGUAGE CHILDREN WITH DOWN SYNDROME*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE DEVELOPMENT OF LANGUAGE CHILDREN WITH DOWN SYNDROME* Anne E. Fowler I. INTRODUCTION STRUCTURE IN St.udying children wit.h Down syndrome (DS), Lenneberg (1967) would argue, should be a wonderful way underst.anding of t.he nat.ure and extent. of the language delay associat.ed with Down syndrome. In t

  3. Induction, Domains, Calculi: Strachey's Contributions to ProgrammingLanguage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, David A.

    Induction, Domains, Calculi: Strachey's Contributions to Programming≠Language Engineering David A's contributions---inductive defini≠ tion of semantics, semantic≠domain definitions, and calculi for semantic description---are presented, and their consequences on languages research are described. Strachey's impact

  4. Theory and Implementation of a Functional Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selinger, Peter

    PPL, a strongly typed, call­by­name language which supports recursion and polymor­ phism. We describe a compiler of PPL into a low­level assembly language. The compilation is based on an abstract machine

  5. STAR-FREE GEODESIC LANGUAGES FOR GROUPS SUSAN HERMILLER1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Logan, David

    STAR-FREE GEODESIC LANGUAGES FOR GROUPS SUSAN HERMILLER1 , DEREK F. HOLT, AND SARAH REES Abstract cancellation con- ditions C (1/6) and C (1/4) - T (4) has the property that the set of all geodesics (over the same generating set) is a star-free regular language. Star-free regularity of the geodesic set is shown

  6. Eye Movements in Language and Cognition: A Brief Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Daniel C.

    Eye Movements in Language and Cognition: A Brief Introduction Daniel C. Richardson Department Department 420 Jordan Hall Stanford, CA 94305 #12;Eye movements in Language and Cognition ­ Richardson, Dale & Spivey 2 The role of eye movements in the visual system The eye independently evolved over 40 times

  7. Structured Wide-Area Programming: Orc Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Jayadev

    Structured Wide-Area Programming: Orc Programming Language Jayadev Misra Department of Computer Science University of Texas at Austin http://orc.csres.utexas.edu #12;Orc Language · Data Types: Number, List, Record · Pattern Matching; Clausal Definition · Function Closure · Comingling functional and Orc

  8. Proceedings of the Eighth International Natural Language Generation Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INLG 2014 Proceedings of the Eighth International Natural Language Generation Conference Including 2014 Proceedings) ii #12;Introduction Welcome to the Eighth International Natural Language Generation Proceedings of the INLG and SIGDIAL 2014 Joint Session Organizers: Margaret Mitchell, Kathleen McCoy, David Mc

  9. Standards for Language Resources Nancy Ide,* Laurent Romary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of a newly formed committee of the International Standards Organization (ISO), ISO/TC 37/SC 4 Language of a newly formed committee of the International Standards Organization (ISO), ISO/TC 37/SC 4 Language of the committee. The objective of ISO/TC 37/SC 4 is to prepare international standards and guidelines

  10. Programming Language Support for Energy-Aware Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayfield, John

    Programming Language Support for Energy-Aware Software Programming Language Support for Energy-Aware servers are the norm of modern computing infrastructure, energy efficiency is a first-class design goal sustainability. This talk focuses improving energy efficiency through software-centered approaches

  11. Exploring figurative language processing in bilinguals: the metaphor interference effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Francisco Emigdio

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    -dominant and in balanced bilinguals tested only in English. Experiment 3 conducted with bilinguals tested in both languages, showed that the metaphor interference effect was not obtained in either language in English-dominant bilinguals and was obtained in Spanish only...

  12. The Brain, the Broken Brain & the Neural Biology of Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collar, Juan I.

    The Brain, the Broken Brain & the Neural Biology of Language Presenter: Steven Small Time & Date.maproom.com )1949 N. Hoyne Café Email list https://cfcpwork.uchicago.edu/mailman/listinfo/cafe #12;The Brain, the Broken Brain & the Neural Biology of Language Presenter: Steven Small Time & Date: 7-9 PM Monday

  13. Ontology Generation for Large Email Collections Language Technologies Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Ontology Generation for Large Email Collections Hui Yang Language Technologies Institute School Callan Language Technologies Institute School of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213 callan@cs.cmu.edu ABSTRACT This paper presents a new approach

  14. TESLA: A Formally Defined Event Specification Language Gianpaolo Cugola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cugola, Gianpaolo

    TESLA: A Formally Defined Event Specification Language Gianpaolo Cugola Dip. di Elettronica e to clearly state how the system should behave. Moving from these premises, we present TESLA, a complex event specification language. Each TESLA rule considers incoming data items as notifi- cations of events and defines

  15. Using Functional Languages in Formal Methods: The Pet System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peled, Doron A.

    Using Functional Languages in Formal Methods: The Pet System Elsa L. Gunter and Doron A. Peled Bell language for the back­end of our new Path Exploration Tool (Pet) [2]. This tool is intended for interactive testing of sequential and concur­ rent software. The main calculation performed by Pet is the symbolic

  16. Towards Interoperability of ISO Standards for Language Resource Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universitť de

    Towards Interoperability of ISO Standards for Language Resource Management Kiyong Lee Korea.romary@loria.fr Abstract This paper reviews and evaluates some of the ISO documents for language resource management. Being developed under ISO/TC 37/SC 4, these documents are at the last stage of approval and publication as interna

  17. STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE CODES: DEVELOPING ISO 639 David Dalby

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillam, Lee

    STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE CODES: DEVELOPING ISO 639 David Dalby , Lee Gillam , Christopher Cox Organization for Standardization (ISO), is currently seeking more granular systems of language identifiers than the widely used tags of ISO 639 parts 1 and 2. There is growing need for the more precise identification

  18. A Debugging Scheme for Declarative Equation Based Modeling Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    examine the particular debugging problems posed by Modelica, a declarative equation based modeling language. A brief overview of the Modelica language is also given. We also present our view of the issues, bipartite graphs, graph decomposition techniques, static analysis, debug- ging, Modelica. 1 Introduction

  19. A Debugging Scheme for Declarative Equation Based Modeling Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Peter

    examine the particular debugging problems posed by Modelica, a declarative equation based modeling language. A brief overview of the Modelica language is also given. We also present our view of the issues, bipartite graphs, graph decomposition techniques, static analysis, debug- ging, Modelica 1 Introduction

  20. An Overview of the Ciao Multiparadigm Language and Program Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puebla, Germ√°n

    An Overview of the Ciao Multiparadigm Language and Program Development Environment and its Design Development Technology Universidad Polit¬īecnica de Madrid University of New Mexico Universidad Complutense de provides an informal overview of the language and program development environment. It aims at illustrating

  1. Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wintner, Shuly

    Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE Additional services for Natural Permissions : Click here Downloaded from http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE, IP address: 79.181.48.102 on 29-processing steps for a variety of natural language processing applications, from search and information extraction

  2. Cross-Language High Similarity Search Using a Conceptual Thesaurus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    Cross-Language High Similarity Search Using a Conceptual Thesaurus Parth Gupta, Alberto Barr Universitat Polit`ecnica de Val`encia, Spain {pgupta,lbarron,prosso}@dsic.upv.es http://www.dsic.upv.es/grupos/nle Abstract. This work addresses the issue of cross-language high similarity and near-duplicates search, where

  3. Department of Humanities Certificate in Modern Language and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Department of Humanities Certificate in Modern Language and Area Study CFR-French, CGE-German, CSP French, German or Spanish must complete two years of the same modern language (12 credits) and three area (12 credits) Note: 6 credits must be from 3000 level French German Spanish __HU2271 Level I-A French

  4. Cross-language information retrieval using PARAFAC2.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bader, Brett William; Chew, Peter; Abdelali, Ahmed (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Kolda, Tamara Gibson

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A standard approach to cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) uses Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) in conjunction with a multilingual parallel aligned corpus. This approach has been shown to be successful in identifying similar documents across languages - or more precisely, retrieving the most similar document in one language to a query in another language. However, the approach has severe drawbacks when applied to a related task, that of clustering documents 'language-independently', so that documents about similar topics end up closest to one another in the semantic space regardless of their language. The problem is that documents are generally more similar to other documents in the same language than they are to documents in a different language, but on the same topic. As a result, when using multilingual LSA, documents will in practice cluster by language, not by topic. We propose a novel application of PARAFAC2 (which is a variant of PARAFAC, a multi-way generalization of the singular value decomposition [SVD]) to overcome this problem. Instead of forming a single multilingual term-by-document matrix which, under LSA, is subjected to SVD, we form an irregular three-way array, each slice of which is a separate term-by-document matrix for a single language in the parallel corpus. The goal is to compute an SVD for each language such that V (the matrix of right singular vectors) is the same across all languages. Effectively, PARAFAC2 imposes the constraint, not present in standard LSA, that the 'concepts' in all documents in the parallel corpus are the same regardless of language. Intuitively, this constraint makes sense, since the whole purpose of using a parallel corpus is that exactly the same concepts are expressed in the translations. We tested this approach by comparing the performance of PARAFAC2 with standard LSA in solving a particular CLIR problem. From our results, we conclude that PARAFAC2 offers a very promising alternative to LSA not only for multilingual document clustering, but also for solving other problems in cross-language information retrieval.

  5. International Relations and Development Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & Anthropology and Languages (choice of French, Arabic, German, Italian or Spanish) The International Relations Economy, Languages (French, Spanish, Arabic, German, Italian), International Trade, Middle East Politics experience a broad range of opportunities outside the classroom: - Explore exchange opportunities with dozens

  6. Japanese and American competition in the development of scroll compressors and its impact on the American air conditioning industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ushimaru, Kenji (Energy International, Inc., Bellevue, WA (USA))

    1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines the technological development of scroll compressors and its impact on the air conditioning equipment industry. Scroll compressors, although considered to be the compressors of the future for energy-efficient residential heat pumps and possibly for many other applications, are difficult to manufacture on a volume-production base. The manufacturing process requires computer-aided, numerically controlled tools for high-precision fabrication of major parts. Japan implemented a global strategy for dominating the technological world market in the 1970s, and scroll compressor technology benefited from the advent of new-generation machine tools. As a result, if American manufacturers of scroll compressors purchase or are essentially forced to purchase numerically controlled tools from Japan in the future, they will then become dependent on their own competitors because the same Japanese conglomerates that make numerically controlled tools also make scroll compressors. This study illustrates the importance of the basic machine tool industry to the health of the US economy. Without a strong machine tool industry, it is difficult for American manufacturers to put innovations, whether patented or not, into production. As we experience transformation in the air conditioning and refrigeration market, it will be critical to establish a consistent national policy to provide healthy competition among producers, to promote innovation within the industry, to enhance assimilation of new technology, and to eliminate practices that are incompatible with these goals. 72 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

  7. Application of cyclic J-integral to low cycle fatigue crack growth of Japanese carbon steel pipe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miura, N.; Fujioka, T.; Kashima, K. [and others

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Piping for LWR power plants is required to satisfy the LBB concept for postulated (not actual) defects. With this in mind, research has so far been conducted on the fatigue crack growth under cyclic loading, and on the ductile crack growth under excessive loading. It is important, however, for the evaluation of the piping structural integrity under seismic loading condition, to understand the fracture behavior under dynamic and cyclic loading conditions, that accompanies large-scale yielding. CRIEPI together with Hitachi have started a collaborative research program on dynamic and/or cyclic fracture of Japanese carbon steel (STS410) pipes in 1991. Fundamental tensile property tests were conducted to examine the effect of strain rate on tensile properties. Cracked pipe fracture tests under some loading conditions were also performed to investigate the effect of dynamic and/or cyclic loading on fracture behavior. Based on the analytical considerations for the above tests, the method to evaluate the failure life for a cracked pipe under cyclic loading was developed and verified. Cyclic J-integral was introduced to predict cyclic crack growth up to failure. This report presents the results of tensile property tests, cracked pipe fracture tests, and failure life analysis. The proposed method was applied to the cracked pipe fracture tests. The effect of dynamic and/or cyclic loading on pipe fracture was also investigated.

  8. Department of Classics University of Wisconsin-Madison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharer, John E.

    , French, Italian, Catalan, and Romanian. · La n was the language of the Roman Empire and con nued to serve

  9. Department of Classics University of Wisconsin-Madison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Spanish, French, Italian, Catalan, and Romanian. · Latin was the language of the Roman Empire and a key

  10. 9.0 Non-Regular Languages and the Pumping Lemma Languages that can be described formally with an NFA, DFA, or a regular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Scott

    9.0 Non-Regular Languages and the Pumping Lemma Languages that can be described formally to be useful to us here. The Pumping Lemma This theorem describes a property that a language must have in order - to show when a language is not regular. That is always how the pumping lemma is used. Briefly, the pumping

  11. Transparent runtime parallelization of the R scripting language

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoginath, Srikanth B [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Scripting languages such as R and Matlab are widely used in scientific data processing. As the data volume and the complexity of analysis tasks both grow, sequential data processing using these tools often becomes the bottleneck in scientific workflows. We describe pR, a runtime framework for automatic and transparent parallelization of the popular R language used in statistical computing. Recognizing scripting languages interpreted nature and data analysis codes use pattern, we propose several novel techniques: (1) applying parallelizing compiler technology to runtime, whole-program dependence analysis of scripting languages, (2) incremental code analysis assisted with evaluation results, and (3) runtime parallelization of file accesses. Our framework does not require any modification to either the source code or the underlying R implementation. Experimental results demonstrate that pR can exploit both task and data parallelism transparently and overall has better performance as well as scalability compared to an existing parallel R package that requires code modification.

  12. The Influence of Integrating Technology in Language Learning Courses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yulin

    2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Second language learning (L2) in many parts of the world often involves students in rote memorization and repetitive tasks that are not motivational. This study investigated how technology can be integrated into teaching ...

  13. New horizons in the study of child language acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Deb K.

    Naturalistic longitudinal recordings of child development promise to reveal fresh perspectives on fundamental questions of language acquisition. In a pilot effort, we have recorded 230,000 hours of audio-video recordings ...

  14. Poetry as Language Presentation: John Donne, Poet, Preacher, Craftsman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosu, Anca

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    E PRESENTATION JOHN DONNE POET, P R E A C H E R , CRAFTSMANthe last of the "gentlemen poets," among the last of thosematerial of language. As a poet he belongs to the 16th

  15. CSE526: Principles of Programming Languages (Spring 2003) Scott Stoller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoller, Scott

    CSE526: Principles of Programming Languages (Spring 2003) Scott Stoller Exam 1 (version 25mar2003- edly reads inputs until it reads a value k that is not equal to the current value of v

  16. CONCEPTUAL: A Network Correctness and Performance Testing Language Scott Pakin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CONCEPTUAL: A Network Correctness and Performance Testing Language Scott Pakin CCS-3: Modeling by a running application. Con- sider, for example, a bandwidth benchmark, which purport- edly measures data

  17. LEARNING SEMANTICS-ENHANCED LANGUAGE MODELS APPLIED TO UNSUEPRVISED WSD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    VERSPOOR, KARIN [Los Alamos National Laboratory; LIN, SHOU-DE [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2007-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    An N-gram language model aims at capturing statistical syntactic word order information from corpora. Although the concept of language models has been applied extensively to handle a variety of NLP problems with reasonable success, the standard model does not incorporate semantic information, and consequently limits its applicability to semantic problems such as word sense disambiguation. We propose a framework that integrates semantic information into the language model schema, allowing a system to exploit both syntactic and semantic information to address NLP problems. Furthermore, acknowledging the limited availability of semantically annotated data, we discuss how the proposed model can be learned without annotated training examples. Finally, we report on a case study showing how the semantics-enhanced language model can be applied to unsupervised word sense disambiguation with promising results.

  18. Methods for pronunciation assessment in computer aided language learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peabody, Mitchell A. (Mitchell Aaron)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Learning a foreign language is a challenging endeavor that entails acquiring a wide range of new knowledge including words, grammar, gestures, sounds, etc. Mastering these skills all require extensive practice by the learner ...

  19. A Birdís Eye View of Human Language Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berwick, Robert C.

    Comparative studies of linguistic faculties in animals pose an evolutionary paradox: language involves certain perceptual and motor abilities, but it is not clear that this serves as more than an inputĖoutput channel for ...

  20. The Development of the Emerald Programming Language Andrew P. Black

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Andrew P.

    The Development of the Emerald Programming Language Andrew P. Black Portland State University black@cs.pdx.edu Norman C. Hutchinson University of British Columbia norm@cs.ubc.ca Eric Jul University of Copenhagen eric

  1. Towards Agile Language Engineering Daniel A. Sadilek Markus Scheidgen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freytag, Johann-Christoph

    , the Agile Manifesto [7] defined principles for agile software development. Agile software development lies, software quality, and developer productivity. It pro- vides short iteration cycles, intensive userTowards Agile Language Engineering Daniel A. Sadilek Markus Scheidgen Guido Wachsmuth Stephan

  2. Language processing in the occipital cortex of congenitally blind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bedny, Marina

    Humans are thought to have evolved brain regions in the left frontal and temporal cortex that are uniquely capable of language processing. However, congenitally blind individuals also activate the visual cortex in some ...

  3. Power Law Discounting for N-Gram Language Models†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an approximation to the Bayesian hierarchical Pitman-Yor process language model which maintains the power law distribution over word tokens, while not requiring a computationally expensive approximate inference process. This approximation...

  4. Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergler, Sabine

    Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE Additional services for Natural1351324912000289 Request Permissions : Click here Downloaded from http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE, IP address information retrieval (search with Google, Bing, etc.), but

  5. Natural Language Generation for the Semantic Web: Unsupervised template extraction†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duma, Daniel

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    I propose an architecture for a Natural Language Generation system that automatically learns sentence templates, together with statistical document planning, from parallel RDF data and text. To this end, I design, build and test a proof...

  6. agent markup language: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Web Markup Languages Definitions and examples Computer Technologies and Information...

  7. Information extraction to facilitate translation of natural language legislation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Samuel (Samuel Siyue)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is a large body of existing legislation and policies that govern how government organizations and corporations can share information. Since these rules are generally expressed in natural language, it is difficult and ...

  8. Web Search Evaluator Canada Required Language: English or French

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Web Search Evaluator ­ Canada Required Language: English or French Who We Are: Appen is a language in working with the Internet. · Experience with Web browsers in navigating a variety of content. · A broad French Projects: http://EREC.APPEN.COM:8000/sap/bc/erecruiting/posting_apply?param=cG9zdF9pbnN0 X2d1aWQ9

  9. Giftedness in Hispanic English Language Learners: Early Stages of Identification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquierdo, Joy J.; Irby, Beverly; Lara-Alecio, Rafael

    2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    GT ELLs ? Address the ambiguity of assessing for GT ? Improve the identification process of Hispanic GT ELLs at the kindergarten level Definitions ? Language proficiency (Canales, 1994) ? English Language Learners (ELLs) ? Limited English...-Alecio, 1996) ? Resulted from two comprehensive studies and extensive review of literature ? Grade levels: Kindergarten ? 4th grade ? Purpose: Determine if further testing for GT service is needed Instrumentation ? HBGSI ? 78-item checklist designed...

  10. SOME OBSERVATIONS ON SOCIOLINGUISTIC VARIATION AND AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodward, James C., Jr.

    1973-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    changes in codes and code structures. As far as social aspects of the deaf community are concerned, only ten percent of deaf children are born of deaf parents. For the majority of the deaf, transmission of deaf culture takes place in state residential... + 1; or ABCD, BCD, CD, 0, and none of these). Languages tend not to have the mathematically possible number of lects; languages do tend to have lects that can be described in terms of the implicational model. The mathematical (possible...

  11. Final Report for CORBA for Fourth Generation Language

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Svetlana Shasharina

    2005-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The standard for object based networking is the Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA). However, CORBA is not available for Fourth Generation Languages (4GL's) such as Visual Numerics? PV-WAVE or Research Systems? Interactive Data Language (RSI-IDL), which are widely used by scientists and engineers for data visualization and analysis. The proposed work would provide a set of tools to allow 4GL's to interoperate with CORBA.

  12. Effects of Orthographic Depth on Literacy Performance: Reading Comprehension Difficulties Across Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClung, Nicola Ann

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Across Languages By Nicola Ann McClung A dissertationAcross Languages © 2012 Nicola Ann McClung Abstract Effectsacross Languages by Nicola Ann McClung Doctor of Philosophy

  13. Automated Methods for Interpreting Geospatial Natural Language Dr Kristin Stock, Nottingham Geospatial Institute, University of Nottingham

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    NaturalGeo Automated Methods for Interpreting Geospatial Natural Language Dr Kristin Stock, Nottingham Geospatial Institute, University of Nottingham 2012-2014 What is geospatial natural language diagrams best match 2000 geospatial natural language expressions. The results will populate our

  14. Early usage of DO in children with and without Specific Language Impairment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blossom, Megan Stratton

    2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined the early uses of DO in the spontaneous language samples of 89 children, 37 with Specific Language Impairment, age 5;0-5;6, 37 age-equivalent control children, and 15 language-equivalent control children, ...

  15. Mathematics, Language, and Bilingual Latina/o Learners: A Review of the Empirical Research Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moschkovich, Judit

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Educational Studies in Mathematics, 43, 243-269. Spanos,Some examples from Mathematics, Language 40 math andbilingual learners and mathematics. Mathematics, Language 31

  16. Feedback in Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning and Second Language Acquisition: A study of its effect on the acquisition of French past tense aspect using an Intelligent Language Tutoring System†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, Ruth Mary

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Questions surrounding the impact of feedback in response to learner error are of interest in the fields of both Second Language Acquisition (SLA) and Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning (ICALL). Current ...

  17. Exploiting Reflection to Add Persistence and Query Optimization to a Statically Typed Object-Oriented Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    programming language (PPL) that also provides one or more collection types and supports the processing (optimization) of queries on collections. A PPL is a programming language in which created objects processing PL DBPL PPL Figure 1: Transition from programming language to database programming language. #12

  18. THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universitť de

    THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES PIERRE HYVERNAT Abstract to improve the size-change termination principle of Lee, Jones and Ben-Amram. The points of interest-change termination principle ([1]) is a simple, yet surprisingly strong termination checker for generic programming

  19. Automated Termination Analysis: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    √Ābrah√°m, Erika

    Automated Termination Analysis: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages J¨urgen Giesl LuFG Informatik 2 RWTH Aachen Ahornstr. 55 52074 Aachen, Germany giesl@informatik.rwth-aachen.de Termination important for program verification. Traditionally, tech- niques for automated termination analysis were

  20. From Termination to Cost (in Object-Oriented Languages)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politécnica de Madrid, Universidad

    From Termination to Cost (in Object-Oriented Languages) Elvira Albert Complutense University of Madrid (Spain) 11th International Workshop on Termination Edinburgh, 14 July, 2010 Elvira Albert From Termination to Cost #12;Outline of the Talk 1 Simple Imperative Bytecode Programs Elvira Albert From

  1. MATLAB -The Language of Technical http://www.mathworks.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Robert D.

    MATLAB ¬ģ - The Language of Technical Computing http://www.mathworks.com Session #1: Introduction to Matlab, basic data manipulation and computation, plotting, numerical calculus. #12;What is MATLAB good for? -Matrix calculations (MatLab= "Matrix" Lab) -Manipulating and plotting data... especially large

  2. MATLAB -The Language of Technical http://www.mathworks.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Robert D.

    MATLAB ¬ģ - The Language of Technical Computing http://www.mathworks.com #12;What is MATLAB good for? -Matrix calculations (MatLab= "Matrix" Lab) -Manipulating and plotting data... especially large data sets Matlab... under "Engineering and Science Applications" in the START menu. #12;#12;Matlab Help: lookfor

  3. Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Eugenia

    Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science Michael Heather School of Law University of Northumbria at Newcastle, NE1 8ST, UK B.Nick Rossiter Computing Science Newcastle University, NE1 7RU B.N.Rossiter@ncl.ac.uk November 1995 Abstract Legal computer science requires a theoretical basis which can be realized

  4. Combinatorial Auctions with Externalities: Basic Properties and Bidding Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkinson, Katie

    's valuation function. We then develop a bidding language for combinatorial auctions with externalities. The lan- guage uses weighted logical formulae to represent bidder valuation functions. We then investigate, and characterise the complexity of classifying the properties of valuation functions. We then present two

  5. UPC Language and Library Specifications, Version 1.3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    UPC Consortium; Bonachea, Dan; Funck, Gary

    2013-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    UPC is an explicitly parallel extension to the ISO C 99 Standard. UPC follows the partitioned global address space programming model. This document is the formal specification for the UPC language and library syntax and semantics, and supersedes prior specification version 1.2 (LBNL-59208).

  6. Identifying the Original Contribution of a Document via Language Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joachims, Thorsten

    and impact, and we show how it can find text passages that best summarize the original contributionIdentifying the Original Contribution of a Document via Language Modeling Benyah Shaparenko Cornell that a document contributes to a corpus, focusing on self-referential diachronic corpora such as research pub

  7. Identifying the Original Contribution of a Document via Language Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joachims, Thorsten

    Identifying the Original Contribution of a Document via Language Modeling Benyah Shaparenko the original ideas that a document contributes to a corpus, focusing on self-referential diachronic corpora such as research publications, blogs, email, and news articles. Our statistical model of passage impact defines

  8. English Language Centre Certificate in Academic English and Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    -class Reading Assessment READING WEEK 8 Evaluating academic articles Commenting on a text / Critiquing skills (1English Language Centre Certificate in Academic English and Law Appendix 1 ­ Provisional Syllabus test / Diagnostic grammar test 2 Intro to academic writing / Academic style Review of diagnostic tests

  9. Large Scale Language Modeling in Automatic Speech Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Andrew

    of perplexity (PPL) [1]: PPL(M) = exp(- 1 N N k=1 ln [PM (wk|Wk-1)]) (3) A more relevant metric for ASR the PPL and word error rate (WER) for two language models (3-gram and 5-gram, respectively) built

  10. Quantitative Languages for Complex Systems Applied to Biological Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    representations of the system. We illustrate the development of such languages using the structure of Drosophila this problem as well as to promote the study of complex systems as a systematic discipline, we seek to develop, life cycle stages, mutant abnormalities, gene expression patterns, genetic interactions, etc. In order

  11. Data Models and Query Languages for Linked Geospatial Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koubarakis, Manolis

    Data Models and Query Languages for Linked Geospatial Data Manolis Koubarakis, Manos Karpathiotakis,mk,kkyzir,charnik,sioutis}@di.uoa.gr Abstract. The recent availability of geospatial information as linked open data has generated new interest in geospatial query processing and reasoning, a topic with a long tradition of research in the areas

  12. Access Control Policies and Languages in Open Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samarati, Pierangela

    systems is specifying and enforcing access control security policies regulating interactions between languages and coming from different systems can be combined. 1 Introduction Access control is the process should be granted or denied. Access control plays an important role in overall system security

  13. Robot Path Planning in Uncertain Environments: A Language-Measure-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Asok

    Robot Path Planning in Uncertain Environments: A Language-Measure- Theoretic Approach Devesh K. Jha the problem of goal-directed robot path planning in the presence of uncertainties that are induced by bounded, probabilistic finite state automata 1 Motivation and Introduction In general, path planning of robots (e

  14. CSE526: Principles of Programming Languages (Spring 2003) Scott Stoller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoller, Scott

    CSE526: Principles of Programming Languages (Spring 2003) Scott Stoller Exam 2 (version 24apr2003). Problem 2 Consider the lambda calculus expression (f.f(fI))P1, where we used the following abbre- viations: I = (x.x), P1 = (x.y.x). (a) Give a proof of the normal order evaluation of this expression using

  15. 1 ON LANGUAGES FOR DYNAMIC RESOURCE SCHEDULING PROBLEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    , mathematics, chemistry and the oil industry. Particularly in today's relatively specialized economy, it is di are: management, operations, marketing and human resources. Management thinks of itself a1 ON LANGUAGES FOR DYNAMIC RESOURCE SCHEDULING PROBLEMS Warren B. Powell Abstract: The modeling

  16. STQL --A SPATIO-TEMPORAL QUERY LANGUAGE Martin Erwig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erwig, Martin

    evolutions of spatial objects over time. We consider spatio- temporal operations that are particularly useful is to provide a DBMS data model and query language capable of handling such time-dependent geome- tries. Thereby. Our modeling also includes the sim- pler, discrete case where temporal evolutions are stepwise

  17. The Enfreakment of Language: Disability, Eugenics, and Rhetoric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheeler, Stephanie K

    2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    eugenicist logic in the language of U.S. Ugly Laws is mirrored in Nazi euthanasia practices. Next, I illustrate the collapse of a system based on eradication through an examination of representations of Anne Frank, demonstrating how eugenicist logics of Nazi...

  18. University of New Orleans M.A. in Romance Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulp, Mark

    ramifications, urban planning, and related fields will be offered a broad spectrum of courses to meet their specific needs and interests, e.g., 'Business French/Spanish," 'Contemporary Culture,' "French/Spanish Thought,' "French/Spanish Contemporary Society and Institutions,' and others. The Language, Culture

  19. Numerica: a Modeling Language for Global Optimization Pascal Van Hentenryck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumaier, Arnold

    equilibrium problems, and design problems (e.g., nu­ clear reactor design). The field of global optimizationNumerica: a Modeling Language for Global Optimization Pascal Van Hentenryck Brown University Box or to optimize a nonlinear function subject to nonlinear constraints. This includes appli­ cations

  20. Kusunda: An Indo-Pacific language in Nepal Paul Whitehouse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruhlen, Merritt

    Kusunda: An Indo-Pacific language in Nepal Paul Whitehouse , Timothy Usher , Merritt Ruhlen people of central Nepal have long been regarded as a relic tribe of South Asia. They are, or were until people of central Nepal are one of the few ``relic'' tribes found on the Indian subcontinent (the Nahali

  1. S429 (#29558) Variation and Language in Context Themester 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    , and academic discourse. Prerequisites: S326 or departmental permission. Please contact the instructor if you Cultures in the Language Classroom. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press. Articles on E-reserves: S for additional information regarding students' rights and responsibilities: Academic Affairs Office, College

  2. FACULTY OF ARTS & SCIENCE 2012/13 SLAVIC LANGUAGES AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    in Translation SLA234H1 - Russian and Soviet Cinema #12;FACULTY OF ARTS & SCIENCE 2012/13 SLA240H1 - New FormsFACULTY OF ARTS & SCIENCE 2012/13 SLAVIC LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES www of Polish Literature and Culture: A Survey SLA225H1 - The Czech and Slovak Cinema SLA226H1 - Postwar Polish

  3. The Ciao Approach to the Dynamic vs. Static Language Dilemma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politécnica de Madrid, Universidad

    . Static Languages The environment in which much software needs to be developed nowadays (de- coupled Development Technology (IMDEA Software Institute) {manuel.hermenegildo,pedro.lopez,jose.morales}@imdea.org 3 software development, use of components and services, increased inter- operability constraints, need

  4. Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wintner, Shuly

    Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE Additional services for Natural1351324912000101 Request Permissions : Click here Downloaded from http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE, IP address: 79 as anchors that delimit the search space. We use a large monolingual corpus to rank and filter

  5. 45-Day Language Hearing Agenda Building Energy Efficiency Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirakh 09:15 AM Revisions to Sections 10-101 ≠ 10-114 ≠ Energy Building Regulations, All Occupancies Gary45-Day Language Hearing Agenda Building Energy Efficiency Standards Revisions for Residential for Solar Ready Buildings ≠ All Occupancies Patrick Saxton 10:35 AM Revisions to Sections 150

  6. Synchronous Programs Testing Language Mouna TKA Mnad1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of the language Let's consider the following simple reactive program, an air-conditioner controller. The program inputs are: onOff (Boolean: true when the user pushes the On-Off button of the air-conditioner), Tamb of the air-conditioner ) and Tout (integer: indicates the temperature of the air that the air-conditioner

  7. 2011-2012BROWNBAGCOLLOQUIUMSERIES Charter on Language Policy and Language Rights in the Creole-Speaking Caribbean: Sociolinguistic implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    -Speaking Caribbean: Sociolinguistic implications WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 26, 2011 12:30 PM - 1:30PM 2339 FACULTY of native speakers of minority languages and dialects, including the speakers of Caribbean creoles. As a bold corrective response to this situation, the recently created International Centre for Caribbean

  8. SLALOM: a Language for SLA specification and monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Correia, Anacleto; Amaral, Vasco

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IT services provisioning is usually underpinned by service level agreements (SLAs), aimed at guaranteeing services quality. However, there is a gap between the customer perspective (business oriented) and that of the service provider (implementation oriented) that becomes more evident while defining and monitoring SLAs. This paper proposes a domain specific language (SLA Language for specificatiOn and Monitoring - SLALOM) to bridge the previous gap. The first step in SLALOM creation was factoring out common concepts, by composing the BPMN metamodel with that of the SLA life cycle, as described in ITIL. The derived metamodel expresses the SLALOM abstract syntax model. The second step was to write concrete syntaxes targeting different aims, such as SLA representation in process models. An example of SLALOM's concrete syntax model instantiation for an IT service sup-ported by self-service financial terminals is presented.

  9. Mathematics as an Exact and Precise Language of Nature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Afsar Abbas

    2005-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the outstanding problems of philosophy of science and mathematics today is whether there is just "one" unique mathematics or the same can be bifurcated into "pure" and "applied" categories. A novel solution for this problem is offered here. This will allow us to appreciate the manner in which mathematics acts as an exact and precise language of nature. This has significant implications for Artificial Intelligence.

  10. Cross-Language Text Classification J. Scott Olsson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oard, Doug

    word cj . That is, Ei,j P(ei|cj ), 1 i Ne, 1 j Nc E = 0 B @ P(e1|c1) · · · P(e1|cCross-Language Text Classification J. Scott Olsson Dept. of Mathematics University of Maryland their Czech counterparts (e.g., to discuss London more than Prague), so that, having only documents in English

  11. A study on metrics for simulation programming languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nallapati, Kumar V.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    proposes models for metrics specially designed for use in simulation modeling which can help in evaluating the performance and resource requirements of simulation programming languages. Certain existing software metrics for general purpose programming... GPSS and SIMAN. With these characteristics and the existing metrics, models were developed for evaluation of software and hardware requirements for a given simulation problem. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I thank Dr. Sallie Sheppard, Chairperson of my committee...

  12. Learning to understand spatial language for robotic navigation and mobile manipulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kollar, Thomas (Thomas Fleming)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis focuses on understanding task-constrained natural language commands, where a person gives a natural language command to the robot and the robot infers and executes the corresponding plan. Understanding natural ...

  13. LANGUAGE ATTITUDES OF IRAQI NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ARABIC: A SOCIOLINGUISTIC INVESTIGATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murad, Mohammed Kamil

    2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    (Kurdistan). On the formal level, all legislations, laws, and official documents should be in both languages. The Iraqi constitution itself is written in SA and Kurdish. A range of other minority languages are spoken by different ethnic groups in Iraq...

  14. Web-based, speech-enabled games for vocabulary acquisition in a foreign language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Ian C. (Ian Carmichael)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I present two novel ways in which speech recognition technology might aid students with vocabulary acquisition in a foreign language. While research in the applied linguistics field of second language ...

  15. Individual minds create universal patterns Exploring word order universals using an artificial language learning experiment†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spštgens, Tessa

    2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, the interest of language universals for researchers of language evolution has been pointed out in various publications. Word order universals are particularly robust examples, and the present dissertation ...

  16. Revealing language deficits following stroke: the cost of doing two things at once

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; McDowd, Joan; Pohl, Patricia; Herman, Ruth; Jackson, Susan

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The costs of doing two things were assessed for a group of healthy older adults and older adults who were tested at least 6 months after a stroke. A baseline language sample was compared to language samples collected while ...

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - assessing hemispheric language Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Neuron, Vol. 21, 275278, August, 1998, Copyright 1998 by Cell Press Brain and Language: Minireview Summary: for language results from a specialization of these...

  18. Adult migrants and English language learning in museums: understanding the impact on social inclusion†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Sherice Nicole

    2013-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This doctoral study explores the museum as site and resource for language learning by adult migrants, refugees and asylum seekers. English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) provision has emerged over the past decade ...

  19. Making Our Way toward Teacher Education Programs in the Slavic Languages.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Comer, William J.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reflecting on the state of the field of teacher training in Slavic language programs in the 1990s, the author recommends programs build alliances for teacher training with other programs in the Less Commonly Taught Languages. Beginning teachers...

  20. An Investigation into the Role of Implicit Knowledge in Adult Second Language Acquisition†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard Cook, Anna

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates the role of implicit knowledge in second language acquisition, presenting five experiments and related simulations based on artificial grammar learning. It examines whether second language learners ...

  1. Towards a Formal Semantics for a Structurally Dynamic Noncausal Modelling Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nilsson, Henrik

    modelling approach, promoting the reuse of components. Modelica is a prime example of this class of lan, many of these languages are referred to as object-oriented mod- elling languages. Modelica [23] is one

  2. Influence of limiting working memory resources on contextual facilitation in language processing†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Oliver William Thomas

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Language processing is a complex task requiring the integration of many different streams of information. Theorists have considered that working memory plays an important role in language processing and that a reduction ...

  3. Use of Language in the Construction of Opionions on Immigration: The Presence of a Generation Gap?†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrne, Agnes

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to examine the use of linguistic techniques in language when constructing opinions on immigrants. This thesis adopted an additional approach by comparing two generationsí use of language when constructing opinions on immigration, to determine similarities...

  4. From Hybrid Data-Flow Languages to Hybrid Automata: A Complete Translation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    systems. Languages like Simulink1 , Modelica2 , and Zelus [6] have been developed to support the modelling

  5. Properties of Context-free Languages We give the Pumping Lemma.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard, Wayne

    Properties of Context-free Languages We give the Pumping Lemma. #12;Proving Languages Not Context-Free Some languages cannot be recognized even by PDAs. But to prove this we need the Pumping Lemma. Pumping is in A for all i 0. We use notation z(i) = uviwxiy. Goddard 9b: 2 #12;Proof of Pumping Lemma Assume

  6. Mind & Language, Vol. 22 No. 4 September 2007, pp. 366401. 2007 The Author

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    Mind & Language, Vol. 22 No. 4 September 2007, pp. 366­401. © 2007 The Author Journal compilation of language (and mind) to dualistic standards (e.g. Chomsky, 1986, ch. 4; 2000, ch. 2-6; 1975, ch. 4 approach to the mind that considers language and similar phenomena to be elements of the natural world

  7. CLASSIFICATION: Social: Anthropology TITLE: Kusunda: an Indo-Pacific language in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, William Shi-Yuan

    CLASSIFICATION: Social: Anthropology TITLE: Kusunda: an Indo-Pacific language in Nepal AUTHORS,247 1 #12;Kusunda: an Indo-Pacific language in Nepal 2 ABSTRACT: The Kusunda people of central Nepal both a linguistic and genetic perspective. #12;Kusunda: an Indo-Pacific language in Nepal 3 The Kusunda

  8. Researcher SPOTLIGHT The University of Maryland Center for Advanced Study of Language (CASL)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milchberg, Howard

    of knowledge, but also directly serves the critical needs of the nation. W hat does it mean to be human to under- stand how humans learn language in order to help people both acquire a second language in pitch can change the entire meaning of a word. Such subtleties make tonal languages particularly

  9. Text-To-Speech for Languages without an Orthography Sukhada Palkar Alan W Black Alok Parlikar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Alan W

    Language Technologies Institute Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh (PA), USA {spalkar, awb, aup} @cs is an initial attempt at building synthetic voices for such languages. It may seem useless to develop a text from a closely related language. We use Automatic Speech Recognition technology to develop this writing

  10. PAN@FIRE 2013: Overview of the Cross-Language !ndian News

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    PAN@FIRE 2013: Overview of the Cross-Language !ndian News Story Search (CL!NSS) Track Parth Gupta1 , Paul Clough2 , Paolo Rosso1 Mark Stevenson2 , and Rafael E. Banchs3 1 NLE Lab, Universitat Politècnica and abundant language resource. This edition of PAN@FIRE task, cross-language !ndia news story search (CL

  11. Combining Graphics and Layout Language i n a Sing1e Interactive System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Combining Graphics and Layout Language i n a Sing1e Interactive System by Stephen Trimberger. Copyright, California Institute of Technology, 1980 #12;Combining Graphics and Layout Language in a Single a design in that language, one must plot it. Interactive graphics systems, on the other hand, allow

  12. Selected Translated Abstracts of Chinese-Language Climate Change Publications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cushman, R.M.; Burtis, M.D.

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains English-translated abstracts of important Chinese-language literature concerning global climate change for the years 1995-1998. This body of literature includes the topics of adaptation, ancient climate change, climate variation, the East Asia monsoon, historical climate change, impacts, modeling, and radiation and trace-gas emissions. In addition to the biological citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Chinese. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  13. Adult Female English Language Learners: Investment, Identity and Benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wharton, Anna

    2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    appreciated. Third, I thank everyone who helped me throughout my research: Dr. Bonny Norton and Dr. Ellen Skilton-Sylvester for their kind correspondences; the teams at iRIS and the IRB; Kerri Smith in the TLAC office; and the lovely people from... past surface motivation to investigating language investment and how a learner?s identity and learning experience interface, and the effect that each has on the other. Since the birth of Norton Peirce?s (1995) notion of investment, studies have...

  14. Plain Language Compliance Report (2014) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006Photovoltaic Theory and ModelingPink Skies ComingPlain Language

  15. Excretion of radioactivity following the intraperitoneal administration of /sup 14/C-DDT, /sup 14/C-DDD, /sup 14/C-DDE and /sup 14/C-DDMU to the rat and Japanese Quail

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fawcett, S.C. (Univ. of Surrey, Guildford, England); Bunyan, P.J.; Huson, L.W.; King, L.J.; Stanley, P.I.

    1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A study in progress to examine the metabolic fate of DDT in birds and mammals is discussed. The first phase of the study, which is reported in this article, has been to establish the rate of excretion of ratioactivity following the intraperitoneal administrations of /sup 14/C-DDT, /sup 14/C-DDE, /sup 14/C-DDD, and /sup 14/C-DDMU to male rats and male Japanese quail. The mean values from the three animals in each experimental group for the amount of radioactivity excreted daily are given, and it was found that the rats excreted the radioactivity administered as DDT, DDD, and DDE substantially faster than did the quail. DDMU was excreted relatively rapidly and at similar rates. This finding suggests that apparent differences in the rates of excretion of DDT by birds and mammals probably arise from differences in the conversion of DDT to DDD or DDE or in the degradation of these metabolites to DDMU. The Japanese quail differ from the rats in excreting substantial amounts of unchanged DDT, DDE, and DDD, which probably reflects the inability of the Japanese quail to readily metabolise these compounds.

  16. Ethnic Language and East Asian Endogamy and Exogamy in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan, Jie-Sheng

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    (Aguirre et al. 1995; King & Bratter 2007; Qian & Lichter 2007; Bratter & King 2008). One reason for this is that Asians are a small portion of the overall population. The specific characteristics of and the differences between individual Asian ethnic... (Qian, Blair and Ruf 2001). In 1979 in Los Angeles, Japanese rates of out- 5 marriages were the highest (60.6%), followed by Chinese (41.2%) and Korean (27.6%) (Kitano et al. 1984). Surprisingly, only a handful of intermarriage studies examine...

  17. A Global View Programming Abstraction for Transitioning MPI Codes to PGAS Languages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mintz, Tiffany M [ORNL] [ORNL; Hernandez, Oscar R [ORNL] [ORNL; Bernholdt, David E [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The multicore generation of scientific high performance computing has provided a platform for the realization of Exascale computing, and has also underscored the need for new paradigms in coding parallel applications. The current standard for writing parallel applications requires programmers to use languages designed for sequential execution. These languages have abstractions that only allow programmers to operate on the process centric local view of data. To provide suitable languages for parallel execution, many research efforts have designed languages based on the Partitioned Global Address Space (PGAS) programming model. Chapel is one of the more recent languages to be developed using this model. Chapel supports multithreaded execution with high-level abstractions for parallelism. With Chapel in mind, we have developed a set of directives that serve as intermediate expressions for transitioning scientific applications from languages designed for sequential execution to PGAS languages like Chapel that are being developed with parallelism in mind.

  18. First Joint Workshop on Statistical Parsing of Morphologically Rich Languages and Syntactic Analysis of Non-Canonical Languages, pages 103109 Dublin, Ireland, August 23-29 2014.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Page numbers and proceedings footer are added.tsarfaty@weizmann.ac.il 1 Introduction This first joint meeting on Statistical Parsing of Morphologically Rich Languages of morpholog- ically rich languages (SPMRL). The goal of the shared task is to allow to train and test

  19. A Machine-Checked, Type-Safe Model of Java Concurrency : Language, Virtual Machine, Memory Model, and Verified Compiler.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lochbihler, Andreas

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The Java programming language provides safety and security guarantees such as type safety and its security architecture. They distinguish it from other mainstream programming languagesÖ (more)

  20. Brita Bergman (born 30/3 1946) CURRICULUM VITAE 2011 Sign Language Section, Department of Linguistics Abridged version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and 5th Symposia of Sign Language Research (Stockholm 1979, Rome 1983, Lappeenranta 1987, Salamanca 1992

  1. Multilingual Practices of Senegalese Immigrants in Paris and Rome: A Comparative Study of Language Use and Identity Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Maya Angela

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    French language vigorously, while Abdou Diouf, who succeededaussi le deuxiŤme prťsident, Abdou Diouf, qui vit maintenant

  2. Effects of Orthographic Depth on Literacy Performance: Reading Comprehension Difficulties Across Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClung, Nicola Ann

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Specific reading disability (dyslexia): What have we learnedThe nature and causes of dyslexia in different languages. Inreading deficit in developmental dyslexia: A review. Reading

  3. Reading Acquisition, Developmental Dyslexia, and Skilled Reading Across Languages: A Psycholinguistic Grain Size Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Port, Robert

    Reading Acquisition, Developmental Dyslexia, and Skilled Reading Across Languages representations and accompanying differences in developmental reading strategies and the manifestation of dyslexia

  4. Language Assessment as a System: Best Practices, Stakeholders, Models, and Testimonials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avineri, Netta; Londe, Zsuzsa; Hardacre, Bahiyyih; Carris, Lauren; So, Youngsoon; Majidpour, Mostafa

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    language assessment. Mostafa Majidpour is a second-year PhDcoordinator), and Mostafa Majidpour (current UCLA electricalYoungsoon So and Mostafa Majidpour). When one considers the

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - architecture programming language Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the C Programming Language, 3rd edition, 2005. C. Moler, Numerical Computing with MATLAB... the programming topics. With that said, the things we look for in a programming...

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced computation languages Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ; Materials Science 35 Professional Accomplishments and University Service of Marvin Solomon Summary: of computer science, publishing over 40 papers in programming languages,...

  7. Review guidelines on software languages for use in nuclear power plant safety systems. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hecht, H.; Hecht, M.; Graff, S.; Green, W.; Lin, D.; Koch, S.; Tai, A.; Wendelboe, D. [SoHaR, Inc., Beverly Hills, CA (United States)

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guidelines for the programming and auditing of software written in high level languages for safety systems are presented. The guidelines are derived from a framework of issues significant to software safety which was gathered from relevant standards and research literature. Language-specific adaptations of these guidelines are provided for the following high level languages: Ada, C/C++, Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) Ladder Logic, International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Standard 1131-3 Sequential Function Charts, Pascal, and PL/M. Appendices to the report include a tabular summary of the guidelines and additional information on selected languages.s

  8. A connectionist model of the effect of pro-drop on SVO languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Everbroeck, Ezra Laurens

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from our language learning simulations to what is known1999). Human simulations of vocabulary learning. Cognition,but our simulations have demonstrated that learning several

  9. Evolution of a Simple Compositional Language Using Animat-Based Modeling and Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moritani, Masaki

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to handle the problems. Learning Simulations with imitationas the simulation runs without learning. For this reason,language using a simulation more dependent on learning than

  10. Use of modular web developments to ease the language barrier of Hypertext Processing and Structured Query Language by Jarrell Dwayne Johnson.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Jarrell Dwayne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Four modules were developed with the extensive use of Personal Home Page (PHP) Hypertext Processing and Structured Query Language (SQL) in order to improve web-integrated capabilities of events planning, user account ...

  11. In the Land of Invented Languages: Esperanto Rock Stars, Klingon Poets, Loglan Lovers, and the Mad Dreamers Who Tried to Build a Perfect Language - By Arika Okrent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Graham M.

    While it is not a scholarly work, Arika Okrentís In the Land of Invented Languages recommends itself to linguistic anthropologists on a variety of counts. An intellectual picaresque describing the authorís historical and ...

  12. EXPLORING THE SPECTRUM OF MOTIVATION IN SECOND LANGUAGE SETTINGS: IDENTIFYING AND EVALUATING NEW FORMS OF MOTIVATION IN COLLEGE FOREIGN LANGUAGE COURSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Begenchev, Mike

    2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The main objectives of this study were: to determine if college students in foreign language classes had more external motivation than internal motivation; to investigate the strength of motivation in college foreign ...

  13. When language policy and pedagogy conflict: pupilsí and educatorsí Ďpracticed language policiesí in an English-medium kindergarten classroom in Greece†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papageorgiou, Ifigenia

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    An international school (BES) in Greece, overwhelmingly attended by Greek origin children, has adopted, as its language policy, English as the Ďofficialí medium of interaction, including in the Reception classroom, the ...

  14. For further information, contact: Chiara Ariotti, Department of Languages Translation and Media Email: c.Ariotti@swansea.ac.uk Tel: +44 (0)1792 602245

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    for jobs, languages skills can be a bonus, setting you apart from other candidates. The Languages for All week). LFA ≠ BEGINNERS Module code Title Credits Teaching Block MLG140 Languages for All ≠ German 1 10 1 MLG141 Languages for All ≠ German 2 10 2 MLF140 Languages for All ≠ French 1 10 1 MLF141 Languages

  15. Automated Termination Analysis for Haskell: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Middeldorp, Aart

    Automated Termination Analysis for Haskell: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages J the application of existing techniques from term rewriting in order to prove termination of programs in the functional language Has- kell. In particular, we show how termination techniques for ordinary re- writing can

  16. Automated Termination Analysis for Haskell: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    √Ābrah√°m, Erika

    Automated Termination Analysis for Haskell: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages # J the application of existing techniques from term rewriting in order to prove termination of programs in the functional language Has­ kell. In particular, we show how termination techniques for ordinary re­ writing can

  17. Specification and Validation of New Control Algorithms for Electric Drives Using SpecC Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    Specification and Validation of New Control Algorithms for Electric Drives Using SpecC LanguageC design methodology. Keywords-- Electric Drives, Control, Specification, Validation I. INTRODUCTION Today presentation of the electrical drives and of the SpecC language. Then, we present the specification model

  18. Specification and Validation of New Control Algorithms for Electric Drives using SpecC Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    Specification and Validation of New Control Algorithms for Electric Drives using SpecC Language://www.cecs.uci.edu/~gajski #12;Specification and Validation of New Control Algorithms for Electric Drives using SpecC Language://www.cecs.uci.edu/~gajski Abstract Today, the shortest time-to-market in the electric drives industries is being a pressing

  19. Contrasting Profiles of Language Development in Children with Williams and Down Syndromes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Contrasting Profiles of Language Development in Children with Williams and Down Syndromes Naomi G in Children with Williams and Down Syndromes Abstract We describe language acquisition in two distinct genetically based syndromes. Parents of children with Williams syndrome (WMS) and Down syndrome (DNS) were

  20. Condensative Stream Query Language for Data Streams Lisha Ma1 Werner Nutt2 Hamish Taylor1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Hamish

    Condensative Stream Query Language for Data Streams Lisha Ma1 Werner Nutt2 Hamish Taylor1 1 School the answer to a similar non-aggregate query making query processing condensative. Cur- rent proposals for declarative query languages over data streams do not support such condensative pro- cessing. Nor is it yet

  1. Mathematics Language Skills of Second Year Analysis Students Tangl Kabael &Aynur zda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    Mathematics Language Skills of Second Year Analysis Students Tang√ľl Kabael &Aynur √?zda tuygur@anadolu.edu.tr & aozdas@anadolu.edu.tr Abstract The purpose of this study is to determine mathematics language skills of second year analysis students taking Analysis IV course in Elementary Mathematics Education Program

  2. K.Stock et al. Creating a corpus of geospatial language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    K.Stock et al. Creating a corpus of geospatial language Kristin Stock* , Robert C Pasley, Zoe Gardner, Paul Brindley, Jeremy Morley and Claudia Cialone Nottingham Geospatial Institute, University, examples of geospatial language are usually collected from the personal knowledge of researchers

  3. Department of Languages and Cultures of Asia University of Wisconsin-Madison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharer, John E.

    . · Proficiency in Turkish is valuable to corpora ons, government, and other organiza ons promo ng alliances including the Turkish Language Table and Turkish Movie Days. There are also various grants and scholarships tute in Turkey (ARIT), Middle Eastern studies grants, Foreign Language and Area Studies (FLAS

  4. POET: A Scripting Language For Applying Parameterized Source-to-source Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Qing

    POET: A Scripting Language For Applying Parameterized Source-to-source Program Transformations Qing Yi (qingyi@cs.utsa.edu) University of Texas at San Antonio Abstract We present POET, a scripting as well as building ad-hoc translators between these languages. We have used POET to support a large

  5. POET: A Scripting Language For Applying Parameterized Source-to-source Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Qing

    POET: A Scripting Language For Applying Parameterized Source-to-source Program Transformations Qing Yi (qingyi@cs.utsa.edu) University of Texas at San Antonio Abstract We present POET, a scripting as well as building ad- hoc translators between these languages. We have used POET to support a large

  6. Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Computer Speech and Language 28 (2014) 607618

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beskow, Jonas

    Gurk and MacDonald, 1976). In acoustically adverse conditions, visible speech enhances speech comprehension and Language 28 (2014) 607­618 This audiovisual speech enhancement effect is particularly important for peopleAvailable online at www.sciencedirect.com Computer Speech and Language 28 (2014) 607­618 Animated

  7. Reinventing the Way of Construction: The Development of a New Design Language Proceedings IGLC '98 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tommelein, Iris D.

    Reinventing the Way of Construction: The Development of a New Design Language Proceedings IGLC '98 1 REINVENTING THE WAY OF CONSTRUCTION: THE DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW DESIGN LANGUAGE ROSSI RESIDENCIAL. The conceptions on the ideal model of industry went by great transformations in the last decades, especially after

  8. Business-Specific Languages for Organizational Modeling Joo Paulo Pedro Mendes de Sousa Saraiva 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    da Silva, Alberto Rodrigues

    Business-Specific Languages for Organizational Modeling Jo√£o Paulo Pedro Mendes de Sousa Saraiva 1, there are many languages for business modeling, such as UML, BPMN and EPBE, which are well suited to describe. In business user- models, those concepts are usually only present as element names, and thus the modeling tool

  9. Update Propagation in Chimera, an Active DOOD Language \\Lambda Ulrike Griefahn Rainer Manthey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clausen, Michael

    Update Propagation in Chimera, an Active DOOD Language \\Lambda Ulrike Griefahn Rainer Manthey with the propagation of updates in an active DOOD language. The approach proposed is to make use of Chimera triggers for computing induced updates. It will be shown how a subset of Chimera's deductive rules can be compiled

  10. Outfix-Free Regular Languages and Prime Outfix-Free Decomposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Yo-Sub

    Outfix-Free Regular Languages and Prime Outfix-Free Decomposition Yo-Sub Han and Derick Wood and a set X of strings is outfix-free if no string in X is an outfix of any other string in X. We examine the outfix-free regular languages. Based on the properties of outfix strings, we develop a polynomial

  11. HINDI LANGUAGE KEYBOARD WITH VOICE SYNTHESIS FOR IPHONE (FACEBOOK AND TWITTER INTEGRATION)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    HINDI LANGUAGE KEYBOARD WITH VOICE SYNTHESIS FOR IPHONE (FACEBOOK AND TWITTER INTEGRATION Language Keyboard with Voice Synthesis for iPhone (Facebook and Twitter Integration) by Gaurav Kumar Master websites like Facebook and Twitter have proved to be an asset to the users for sharing their thoughts

  12. PIR: A Domain Specific Language for Multimedia Retrieval Xiaobing Huang and Tian Zhao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Tian

    PIR: A Domain Specific Language for Multimedia Retrieval Xiaobing Huang and Tian Zhao Department for efficiency and cannot be easily adapted for parallelization. In this paper, we present PIR (Pipeline To address these problems, we introduce a domain specific language: PIR 1 for developing MIR applications

  13. Language and the Brain Colin Phillips, University of Maryland & Kuniyoshi L. Sakai, University of Tokyo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulson, Seana

    1 Language and the Brain Colin Phillips, University of Maryland & Kuniyoshi L. Sakai, University in understanding what special properties of the human brain make such feats possible. Efforts to answer of the human brain are most important for language, first using findings from brain-damaged patients

  14. A Phenomenological Exploration of Novice Texas English/Language Arts Teachers' Experiences with Media Literacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huie, Allison Martin

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A PHENOMENOLOGICAL EXPLORATION OF NOVICE TEXAS ENGLISH/LANGUAGE ARTS TEACHERSí EXPERIENCES WITH MEDIA LITERACY A Dissertation by ALLISON MARTIN HUIE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2011 Major Subject: Curriculum and Instruction A Phenomenological Exploration of Novice Texas English/Language Arts...

  15. An error limit for the evolution of language Martin A. Nowak1*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nowak, Martin A.

    between word order and meaning or the use of grammatical morphemes for structuring the sentence. Proto a few valuable concepts. Adding more signals does not increase the ¬Ętness of a language. This represents with their own meaning (e.g. nouns referring to objects or verbs referring to actions). Proto-languages have

  16. APPL: A Probability Programming Language Maj. Andrew G. GLEN, Diane L. EVANS, and Lawrence M. LEEMIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leemis, Larry

    APPL: A Probability Programming Language Maj. Andrew G. GLEN, Diane L. EVANS, and Lawrence M having arbitrary distributions. This arti- cle presents a prototype probability package named APPL (A probability software package, referred to as "A Prob- ability Programming Language" (APPL), that fills

  17. CHP and CHPsim: A Language and Simulator for Fine-Grain Distributed Computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Alain

    1 CHP and CHPsim: A Language and Simulator for Fine-Grain Distributed Computation Alain J. Martin Abstract--This paper describes a complete and stable version of CHP and the simulator CHPsim. CHP partial versions of the language are already widely used, but CHP has never been presented as a complete

  18. A HYGROTHERMAL BUILDING MODEL BASED ON THE OBJECT-ORIENTED MODELING LANGUAGE MODELICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A HYGROTHERMAL BUILDING MODEL BASED ON THE OBJECT-ORIENTED MODELING LANGUAGE MODELICA Christoph modeling language Modelica. As a starting point for the development of the new building model (thermal building simulation). The first results of this research are Modelica-implementations of a thermal

  19. Semantics Guided Filtering of Combinatorial Graph Transformations in Declarative Equation-Based Languages.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Peter

    required to get the simulation working. The paper is organized as follows: Section 2 introduces Modelica, a new equation-based declarative language. Some specific Modelica language constructs necessary using Modelica. Section 5 gives some preliminary definitions related to the concept of bipartite graphs

  20. Visual Design of coherent Technology-Enhanced Learning Systems: a few lessons learned from CPM language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Visual Design of coherent Technology-Enhanced Learning Systems: a few lessons learned from CPM Systems: a few lessons learned from CPM language Abstract. Visual instructional design languages currently Botturi ; Todd Stubbs (Ed.) (2007) 254-280" #12;-1- Visual Design of coherent Technology-Enhanced Learning

  1. Page 1/2 www.sprachenzentrum.uzh.ch July 2013 Language Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z√ľrich, Universit√§t

    of the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich Rämistrasse 71 CH-8006 Zurich Phone +41 44 634 52 81 Fax +41 44 634 82 89Page 1/2 www.sprachenzentrum.uzh.ch July 2013 Language Center University of Zurich Language Center exams (various schools in the Zurich region, e.g. Volkshochschule, offer such preparation courses

  2. Page 1/1 www.sprachenzentrum.uzh.ch March 2014 Language Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z√ľrich, Universit√§t

    of the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich Rämistrasse 71 CH-8006 Zurich Phone +41 44 634 52 81 Fax +41 44 634 82 89Page 1/1 www.sprachenzentrum.uzh.ch March 2014 Language Center University of Zurich Language Center programs, at the Faculty of Law of the University of Zurich of 20 August 2012 Elective modules can

  3. General Purpose Work Flow Languages Alexander Forst, eva Kuhn and Omran Bukhres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Computer Sciences, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA Abstract. Work flow management requires language support0 General Purpose Work Flow Languages Alexander Forst, eva K¨uhn and Omran Bukhres In: International Journal on Parallel and Distributed Databases, special issue on Software Support for Work Flow

  4. Towards a Methodology for the Design of Abstract Machines for Logic Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    of Warren's Abstract Machine. The paper complements previous work of P. Kursawe who reconstructed several for the design of abstract machines and intermediate languages. Much of that work is due to M. Wand who designedTowards a Methodology for the Design of Abstract Machines for Logic Programming Languages Ulf

  5. Redundancy Ratio: An Invariant Property of the Consonant Inventories of the World's Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganguly, Niloy

    Redundancy Ratio: An Invariant Property of the Consonant Inventories of the World's Languages that is observed across the sound inventories of the world's languages. Through rigorous statis- tical analysis, we analysis further un- folds that the vowel inventories do not ex- hibit any such property, which in turn

  6. Switch-reference and Omotic-Cushitic Language Contact in Southwest Ethiopia Yvonne Treis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universitť de

    1 Switch-reference and Omotic-Cushitic Language Contact in Southwest Ethiopia Yvonne Treis LLACAN. This study shows that there is a confined area in the South of Ethiopia where many Omotic languages and a few (Cushitic) and gives an overview of the distribution of switch-reference systems in Ethiopia in general

  7. Com S 541 ---Programming Languages 1 August 22, 1997 Reserve List

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leavens, Gary T.

    STATUS: PARKS LIBRARY Reserve QA76.73.C153 E35 1990 Not checked out Room 1 #12; 3 Functional Programming: PARKS LIBRARY Reserve QA76.62 .T46 1996 Not checked out Room 4 Logic Programming Languages ffl AuthorCom S 541 --- Programming Languages 1 August 22, 1997 Reserve List See the ``Introduction

  8. A Large Scale Study of Programming Languages and Code Quality in Github

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devanbu, Prem

    language design are overwhelm- ingly dominated by the process factors such as project size, team size the coding process, but also the properties of the resulting artifact. Advocates of strong static typing modeling with visualization and text analytics, to study the effect of language features such as static v

  9. The design and testing of a first-order logic-based stochastic modeling language.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pless, Daniel J.; Rammohan, Roshan (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Chakrabarti, Chayan (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Luger, George F. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM)

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have created a logic-based, Turing-complete language for stochastic modeling. Since the inference scheme for this language is based on a variant of Pearl's loopy belief propagation algorithm, we call it Loopy Logic. Traditional Bayesian networks have limited expressive power, basically constrained to finite domains as in the propositional calculus. Our language contains variables that can capture general classes of situations, events and relationships. A first-order language is also able to reason about potentially infinite classes and situations using constructs such as hidden Markov models(HMMs). Our language uses an Expectation-Maximization (EM) type learning of parameters. This has a natural fit with the Loopy Belief Propagation used for inference since both can be viewed as iterative message passing algorithms. We present the syntax and theoretical foundations for our Loopy Logic language. We then demonstrate three examples of stochastic modeling and diagnosis that explore the representational power of the language. A mechanical fault detection example displays how Loopy Logic can model time-series processes using an HMM variant. A digital circuit example exhibits the probabilistic modeling capabilities, and finally, a parameter fitting example demonstrates the power for learning unknown stochastic values.

  10. A study of the validity of language usage as an indicator of ethnic identification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patella, Victoria Morrow

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    answer to numerous local and long-distance pleas for, help w1th the computer analysis; Mr. Brad Lisenbe, Mr. Peter Liu, and Mr. Edward Lindstrom for the1 r programing. Janet Tedford, for typ1ng and help in so many ways and the other departmental... Each of the Poss ible Pairs of Responses to Items 29b, Language Used With Parents, and 29c, Language Used !lith Close Friends in Neighborhood Page[ 3BI Numbers of Respondents Giving Each of the Possible Pa1rs of Responses to Items 29b, Language...

  11. Toward epigenetic and gene regulation models of specific language impairment: looking for links among growth, genes, and impairments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Mabel L.

    2012-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Children with specific language impairment (SLI) are thought to have an inherited form of language impairment that spares other developmental domains. SLI shows strong heritability and recent linkage and association studies ...

  12. The nature of the working memory system underlying language processing and its relationship to the long-term memory system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedorenko, Evelina Georgievna

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines two questions concerning the working memory system underlying language processing: (1) To what extent is the working memory system underlying language processing domain-specific? and (2) What is the ...

  13. First language attrition and syntactic subjects : a study of Serbian, Croatian, and Bosnian intermediate and advanced speakers in Dutch†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beganovic, Jasminka

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigates the nature of second language induced first language attrition in the distribution and interpretation of overt and postverbal subjects in Serbian/Croatian/Bosnian (S/C/B). Data are collected ...

  14. Factors which affect programming decision-making of public information radio tape service by Spanish-language broadcasters in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pina, Manuel

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    impetus to this thesis project. One Texas Agricultural Extension Service study in El Paso by Daniel C. Pfannstiel and Starley M. Hunter points out that language preference and understanding of Spanish or English, or both languages, are major factors...

  15. Context-Free Languages A context-free grammar is a 4-tuple (V,,P,S), where

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waterloo, University of

    Context-Free Languages A context-free grammar is a 4-tuple (V,,P,S), where · V is a nite set of non;Context-Free Languages recall the non-regular language {anban | n 0} · V = {S} · = {a,b} · productionSaaa aaabaaa 2 #12;Context-Free Languages We use to mean that can be obtained from using one application

  16. Using Views to Aid Language Design Dept of Computing Science, U of Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    features of existing languages, trying to gain the benefits of each (e.g. UFO [11]); or (iii) simplify

  17. Efficient Lagrangian relaxation algorithms for exact inference in natural language tasks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rush, Alexander M. (Alexander Matthew)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For many tasks in natural language processing, finding the best solution requires a search over a large set of possible structures. Solving these combinatorial search problems exactly can be inefficient, and so researchers ...

  18. GlobalMind : bridging the gap between different cultures and languages with common-sense computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Hyemin

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The need for more effective communication across different countries has increased as the interactions between them have been growing. Communication is often difficult because of both language differences and cultural ...

  19. Early identification of Hispanic English language learners for gifted and talented programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquierdo, Jennifer Joy

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ). The research questions that guided this study focused on finding validated assessments for early identification of the gifted Hispanic English language learners (ELLs) in kindergarten. The first research question aimed to determine the concurrent validity...

  20. Estimation of English and non-English Language Use on the WWW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gregory Grefenstette; Julien Nioche

    2000-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The World Wide Web has grown so big, in such an anarchic fashion, that it is difficult to describe. One of the evident intrinsic characteristics of the World Wide Web is its multilinguality. Here, we present a technique for estimating the size of a language-specific corpus given the frequency of commonly occurring words in the corpus. We apply this technique to estimating the number of words available through Web browsers for given languages. Comparing data from 1996 to data from 1999 and 2000, we calculate the growth of a number of European languages on the Web. As expected, non-English languages are growing at a faster pace than English, though the position of English is still dominant.

  1. Life-span changes to adults' language: Effects of memory and genre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; Kynette, Donna; Rash, Shannon; O'Brien, Kevin

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three different language samples were collected from a group of young adults, 18 to 28 years of age, and a group of elderly adults, 60 to 92 years of age: an oral questionnaire eliciting information about the adults' ...

  2. PERSPECTIVES AND USAGE OF TECHNOLOGY OF ARABIC LANGUAGE TEACHERS IN THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ALhumaid, Khadija Farhan

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract This study examined the perspectives and usage of technology by Arabic language teachers' in various schools all across The United Arab Emirates. Barriers to integrating technology were closely examined. Dimensions investigated included...

  3. Grid Service Orchestration Using the Business Process Execution Language (BPEL)j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmerich, Wolfgang

    Grid Service Orchestration Using the Business Process Execution Language (BPEL)j Wolfgang Emmerich1, Department of Computer Science, UCL, London, WC1E 6BT, UK E-mail: w.emmerich@cs.ucl.ac.uk 2 Department

  4. Resolution of linear entity and path geometries expressed via partially-geospatial natural language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marrero, John Javier

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When conveying geospatial information via natural language, people typically combine implicit, commonsense knowledge with explicitly-stated information. Usually, much of this is contextual and relies on establishing locations ...

  5. Integrated Visual Arts and Language Arts: Perceptions of Students and Teachers in a Middle School Classroom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cornelius, Angela Merced

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The overarching problems to which this study responds are the inadequacies of a traditional language arts curriculum for underserved middle school students and the ways such curricula fall short in providing these students viable means to succeed...

  6. Literacy, linguistics and compositionality: Investigating the effects of cultural systems on learning and language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Jessica Erin

    2008-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent linguistic research has shown that cultural processes operating over an extended timescale may be responsible for many aspects of syntax. Other evidence from artificial language learning studies indicates a strong ...

  7. Wars of position : language policy, counter-hegemonies and cultural cleavages in Italy and Norway†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puzey, Guy Edward Michael

    2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates the development of the present-day linguistic hegemonies within Italy and Norway as products of ongoing linguistic Ďwars of positioní. Language activist movements have been key actors in these ...

  8. QL/G A Query Language for Geometric Data Edward P.F. Chan & Rupert Zhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Edward P.F.

    be expressed with the language. To facilitate the evolution of applications and to tailor to individual need A geometric database management system (DBMS) is a data base system with capabilities for the representation

  9. Language Attitudes and Linguistic Profiling among Micro-Enterprisers in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brewer, Rebecca Ann

    2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the language attitudes of entrepreneurial students enrolled in the Academy for Creating Enterprise (ACE) in Mexico City toward six rural and urban varieties of Mexican Spanish to consider whether their attitudes towards...

  10. Workshop on programming languages for high performance computing (HPCWPL): final report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murphy, Richard C.

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the deliberations and conclusions of the Workshop on Programming Languages for High Performance Computing (HPCWPL) held at the Sandia CSRI facility in Albuquerque, NM on December 12-13, 2006.

  11. Policy, planning and perceptions in the European Union: a comparative perspective on minority language vitality†

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kronenthal, Melissa

    2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the last few decades, minority language issues have been attracting increasing attention in the media, among academics, and in the affairs of national governments and international organizations. Nowhere has this ...

  12. FACET AND PRISM BASED MODEL FOR PEDAGOGICAL INDEXATION OF TEXTS FOR LANGUAGE LEARNING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (language didactics) (Antoniadis et al., 2004). The aim of Multi- apprentissages Interactifs par des/she manipulates. Indeed, they consider that to allow teachers to formu- late their problems in didactics relevant

  13. Introduction (The Sociologinguistics of Slovene. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, vol. 124)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Marc L.

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Introduction to the volume describes the context for and content of articles on the sociolinguistic situation of the Slovene language during the first decade after the dissolution of Yugoslavia. Articles cover issues ...

  14. The Effects of Varying Task Priorities on Language Production by Young and Older Adults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; Schmalzried, RaLynn Cheri; Herman, Ruth; Mohankumar, Deepthi

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present study compared how varying task priorities affected young and older adults' language production. Both young and older adults responded to monetary incentives to vary their performance when simultaneously talking ...

  15. The effects of aging and dual task performance on language production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; Schmalzried, RaLynn Cheri; Herman, Ruth; Leedahl, Skye N.; Mohankumar, Deepthi

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A digital pursuit rotor task was used to measure dual task costs of language production by young and older adults. After training on the pursuit rotor, participants were asked to track the moving target while providing a ...

  16. A review of "John Bunyan and the Language of Conviction." by Beth Lynch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher E. Garrett

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as English nationalism duriing the Renaissance. Beth Lynch. John Bunyan and the Language of Conviction. Studies in Renaissance Literature, Volume 15. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2004. xiii + 183 pp. $75.00. Review by CHRISTOPHER E. GARRETT, TEXAS A...

  17. Towards a Taxonomy of Functional Language Implementations Rmi Douence Pascal Fradet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fradet, Pascal

    an abstract machine but as a collection of transformations or compilation techniques such as CPS. The last language n consists of functional expressions which can be seen as machine code (essentially

  18. The evolution of dispersion in the sibilants of the Scandinavian languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Paul Jonathan

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigates the evolution of dispersion in sound inventories by extending Boersma & Hamannís (2008) model to the sibilant inventories of some of the modern Scandinavian languages. I show that the Icelandic and central Swedish...

  19. The Effects of Bilingual Education on Language, Achievement, and Self-Efficacy of Hispanic Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hewitt, Lisa A.

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    or English-only education is most appropriate for enhancing ELLs? language proficiency and achievement. Despite decades of controversy and research in the field of bilingual education, the debate is ongoing. Additionally, Hispanic ELLs are profoundly affected...

  20. Learning and Long-Term Retention of Large-Scale Artificial Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Michael C.

    Recovering discrete words from continuous speech is one of the first challenges facing language learners. Infants and adults can make use of the statistical structure of utterances to learn the forms of words from unsegmented ...

  1. Past tense and past participle verb use in young children with and without Specific Language Impairment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Echelbarger, Margaret

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Finiteness marking is an area of weakness in specific language impairment (SLI) and two hypotheses attempt to account for this difficulty. The Extended Optional Infinitive (EOI) account proposes that SLI children have ...

  2. The Interface between the Lexicon and Finiteness Marking in Specific Language Impairment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoover, Jill

    2009-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Inconsistent omission of finiteness markers is a clinical marker for Specific Language Impairment (SLI). A similar pattern of omission is observed during normal development. Potential limiting factors during this stage of ...

  3. Communicative 2.0 : video games and digital culture in the foreign language classroom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purushotma, Ravi

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I explore two core concepts in today's youth entertainment culture that will increasingly become central in future attempts to design affordable foreign language learning materials that hope to bridge the chasm between ...

  4. A Backtracking LR Algorithm for Parsing Ambiguous Context-Dependent Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordy, James R.

    one of these properties. They require that our facilities for considering alternatives accommodate our be abandoned. Since the nature of these manipulations are de- termined by the semantics of the language

  5. PAN@FIRE: Overview of the Cross-Language !ndian News Story Search (CL!NSS) Track

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    PAN@FIRE: Overview of the Cross-Language !ndian News Story Search (CL!NSS) Track Parth Gupta1 , Paul Clough2 , Paolo Rosso1 , and Mark Stevenson2 1 NLE Lab - ELiRF, Universitat Politècnica de-language India news story search (CL!NSS), focuses to address the news story linking task across languages

  6. Satsumaimo, the Japanese Sweet Potato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi

    2013-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    sweet potato. Back in the mid-18th century, rice crops failed which was bad. Then a man named Aoko Konyo began cultivating satsumaimo plants. They quickly became wildly popular. From the 1920s to the 1980s, the Showa period, peddlers sold roasted sweet...

  7. Promoting Positive Ethnolinguistic Identity in the Heritage Language Classroom through Dialect Awareness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner Flores, Helen Lisa

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    clear commitment to HL instruction through the Resolution on the Application of Dialect Knowledge (1997). It states, ďall students and teachers should learn scientifically-based information about linguistic diversity and examine the social, political... goes on to say, ďrespondents believe that language is a major factor shaping their ethnic identitiesĒ (p. 72). Thus, speaking two languages can help to clarify the ambiguity of living in two different cultural worlds as it directly impacts...

  8. Initial Screening for Gifted and Talented Programs: Increasing Participation of Hispanic English Language Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquierdo, J. Joy; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly

    2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    the underrepresentation of Hispanic GT ELLs ? Address the ambiguity of assessing for GT ? Improve the identification process of Hispanic GT ELLs at the kindergarten level Definitions ? Language proficiency (Canales, 1994) ? English Language Learners (ELLs... (HBGSI) (Irby & Lara-Alecio, 1996) ? Resulted from two comprehensive studies and extensive review of literature ? Grade levels: Kindergarten ? 4th grade ? Purpose: Determine if further testing for GT service is needed Instrumentation ? HBGSI ? 78...

  9. A high-level microprogramming language for the Eclipse S/130

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reese, Donna Sue

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -323. direct control over the hardware reqisters and data paths av ailable in the com pu te r when user-microproqrammable machines became more abun- dant, micro-assembly lanquaqes were developed. These micro-assemblv languages allow the usez to specify... mnemon- ics for the actions ha wished to control. This, of course, requires a micro-assemblez to translate these mne- monics into their zespective bit patterns These miczo- assembly languages are very machine dependent. The next step...

  10. Possible heritage language loss in Hispanic students enrolled in English as a second language programs or in transitional bilingual education programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheffield, Mariagrazia Marzono

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    the trajectory of the bilingual experience for many ethnic groups residing in this country, researchers (i.e. linguists, sociologists, demographers, etc.) often cite subtractive bilingualism as the most common pattern of language development (Portes & Rumbaut...). 7 Curriculum Based Measurement (CBM) Curriculum Based Measurement (CBM) consists of ?a series of informal mini achievement tests?(Scott & Weisharr, 2003, p. 153...

  11. Proceedings of the First Workshop on Applying NLP Tools to Similar Languages, Varieties and Dialects, pages 5867, Dublin, Ireland, August 23 2014.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    between more languages1, they still struggle to discriminate between similar languages such as Croatian on the availability of data) languages that have been studied in previous experiments, such as Croatian, English

  12. French and Italian Yvon Le Bras, Chair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    for a career in government service, working with an embassy, the State Department, the CIA, and other

  13. Tailoring Cosmopolitanism in the Italian Nordest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brazzale, Claudia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    creating a distinct brand identity and image. 6 Prioritizingethnic and cosmopolitan image of the brand. Metropolitan

  14. KEY-CONCEPTS TO UNDERSTAND ITALIAN FORESTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pettenella, Davide

    Boreal coniferous forests (Vaccinio- Piceetea) Alps and Apennines Pine forests (Erico-Pinetea, Junipero

  15. Proceedings of the workshop on Compilation of (Symbolic) Languages for Parallel Computers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foster, I.; Tick, E. [comp.

    1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report comprises the abstracts and papers for the talks presented at the Workshop on Compilation of (Symbolic) Languages for Parallel Computers, held October 31--November 1, 1991, in San Diego. These unreferred contributions were provided by the participants for the purpose of this workshop; many of them will be published elsewhere in peer-reviewed conferences and publications. Our goal is planning this workshop was to bring together researchers from different disciplines with common problems in compilation. In particular, we wished to encourage interaction between researchers working in compilation of symbolic languages and those working on compilation of conventional, imperative languages. The fundamental problems facing researchers interested in compilation of logic, functional, and procedural programming languages for parallel computers are essentially the same. However, differences in the basic programming paradigms have led to different communities emphasizing different species of the parallel compilation problem. For example, parallel logic and functional languages provide dataflow-like formalisms in which control dependencies are unimportant. Hence, a major focus of research in compilation has been on techniques that try to infer when sequential control flow can safely be imposed. Granularity analysis for scheduling is a related problem. The single- assignment property leads to a need for analysis of memory use in order to detect opportunities for reuse. Much of the work in each of these areas relies on the use of abstract interpretation techniques.

  16. High-Stakes Reading Assessment and English Oral Language Development: A Study of Third Grade English Language Learners in a Texas School District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acosta, Sandra

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    , and Christian (2006) in Educating English Language Learners: A Synthesis of Research Evidence. My review covers the period from 2004-2009. In addition to the search of the electronic databases and purling, twenty-five referred journals were searched by hand... for educational scientific research syntheses. Two sources were 14 employed to locate scientific journal articles: electronic databases and purling. Once empirical studies addressing these relationships' were selected, articles were abstracted and analyzed...

  17. Accelerating the Execution of Matrix Languages on the Cell Broadband Engine Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khoury, Raymes; Scholz, Bernhard

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Matrix languages, including MATLAB and Octave, are established standards for applications in science and engineering. They provide interactive programming environments that are easy to use due to their script languages with matrix data types. Current implementations of matrix languages do not fully utilize high-performance, special-purpose chip architectures such as the IBM PowerXCell processor (Cell), which is currently used in the fastest computer in the world. We present a new framework that extends Octave to harvest the computational power of the Cell. With this framework the programmer is alleviated of the burden of introducing explicit notions of parallelism. Instead the programmer uses a new matrix data-type to execute matrix operations in parallel on the synergistic processing elements (SPEs) of the Cell. We employ lazy evaluation semantics for our new matrix data-type to obtain execution traces of matrix operations. Traces are converted to data dependence graphs; operations in the data dependence gra...

  18. Revising the worksheet with L3: a language and environment foruser-script interaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hohn, Michael H.

    2008-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a novel approach to the parameter anddata handling issues commonly found in experimental scientific computingand scripting in general. The approach is based on the familiarcombination of scripting language and user interface, but using alanguage expressly designed for user interaction and convenience. The L3language combines programming facilities of procedural and functionallanguages with the persistence and need-based evaluation of data flowlanguages. It is implemented in Python, has access to all Pythonlibraries, and retains almost complete source code compatibility to allowsimple movement of code between the languages. The worksheet interfaceuses metadata produced by L3 to provide selection of values through thescriptit self and allow users to dynamically evolve scripts withoutre-running the prior versions. Scripts can be edited via text editors ormanipulated as structures on a drawing canvas. Computed values are validscripts and can be used further in other scripts via simplecopy-and-paste operations. The implementation is freely available underan open-source license.

  19. Tradeoffs in the design of a system for high level language interpretation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osorio, F.C.C.; Patt, Y.N.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem of designing a system for high-level language interpretation (HLLI) is considered. First, a model of the design process is presented where several styles of design, e.g. turing machine interpretation, CISC architecture interpretation and RISC architecture interpretation are treated uniformly. Second, the most significant characteristics of HLLI are analysed in the context of different design styles, and some guidelines are presented on how to identify the most suitable design style for a given high-level language problem. 12 references.

  20. Review guidelines for software languages for use in nuclear power plant safety systems: Final report. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hecht, M.; Decker, D.; Graff, S.; Green, W.; Lin, D.; Dinsmore, G.; Koch, S. [SoHaR, Inc., Beverly Hills, CA (United States)

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guidelines for the programming and auditing of software written in high level languages for safety systems are presented. The guidelines are derived from a framework of issues significant to software safety which was gathered from relevant standards and research literature. Language-specific adaptations of these guidelines are provided for the following high level languages: Ada83 and Ada95; C and C++; International Electrochemical Commission (IEC) Standard 1131-3 Ladder Logic, Sequential Function Charts, Structured Text, and Function Block Diagrams; Pascal; and PL/M. Appendices to the report include a tabular summary of the guidelines and additional information on selected languages.

  1. An Exploration of the Effects of Language on the Orchestral Trombone Sound in France, Germany, and the United States.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mounger, Christine

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The orchestral trombone sound of France, Germany, and the United States was analyzed through the lens of language. A thorough investigation of the characteristic soundsÖ (more)

  2. Collapse: Language, Real Estate, Material Culture, and the Poetics of Interior Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ash, Amy Kierzek

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Collapse: Language, Real Estate, Material Culture, and the Poetics of Interior Space By Amy Ash Submitted to the graduate degree program in English and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment... Kaminski ________________________________ Iris Smith Fischer ________________________________ Jill Suzanne Kuhnheim Date Defended: April 2, 2014 ii The Dissertation Committee for Amy Ash certifies that this is the approved...

  3. D: A Language Framework for Distributed Programming Cristina Videira Lopes, Gregor Kiczales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the aspect oriented programming approach to allow the code for the basic functionality of a distributed code deals with those issues. The D language framework consists of: (i) Jcore, an object guidelines to bridge the gap between design specifications and the actual code that they must write

  4. Plasticity of Language-Related Brain Function During Recovery from Stroke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plasticity of Language-Related Brain Function During Recovery from Stroke Keith R. Thulborn, MD, Ph to correlate functional recovery from aphasia after acute stroke with the temporal evolution of the anatomic during recovery from acute stroke presenting with aphasia. Perfusion, diffusion, sodium, and conventional

  5. Basic MATLAB Programming MATLAB is a matrix-based language. Since operations may be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lega, Joceline

    CHAPTER 11 Basic MATLAB Programming MATLAB is a matrix-based language. Since operations may. As a consequence, MATLAB programs are often much shorter and easier to read than programs written for instance in C or Fortran. Below, we mention basic MATLAB commands, which will allow a novice to start using this software

  6. Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications. 4: General circulation models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burtis, M.D. [comp.] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; Razuvaev, V.N.; Sivachok, S.G. [All-Russian Research Inst. of Hydrometeorological Information--World Data Center, Obninsk (Russian Federation)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents English-translated abstracts of important Russian-language literature concerning general circulation models as they relate to climate change. Into addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  7. `Games That Make Sense': logic, language, and multi-agent interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amsterdam, University of

    `Games That Make Sense': logic, language, and multi-agent interaction Johan van Benthem Institute. In this short invited note, I will take the cruising altitude a few levels up from his, and show you a panoramic the success of communication. And once you start thinking all this through, you wind up in a `hermeneutical

  8. TBBL: A Tree-Based Bidding Language for Iterative Combinatorial Exchanges Ruggiero Cavallo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    also explicitly represent partial information about valuations. The language is de- signed of these tasks are rela- tively simple and many solution methods exist, but the prob- lem becomes significantly- sider groups of items substitutes or complements, leading to sub-additive or super-additive valuation

  9. Distinct patterns of language impairment in Down's syndrome and Williams syndrome: The case of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stromswold, Karin

    Distinct patterns of language impairment in Down's syndrome and Williams syndrome: The case-reflexive pronouns and on the comprehension of active and passive sentences in eight adolescents with Down's Syndrome patterns of impairment. q 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Down's syndrome; Williams

  10. Effects of Sampling Context on Spontaneous Expressive Language in Males With Fragile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Danh

    X Syndrome or Down Syndrome Sara T. Kover,a Andrea McDuffie,b Leonard Abbeduto,b and W. Ted Brownc of expressive language in male participants with fragile X syndrome in comparison to male participants with Down, were matched groupwise on nonverbal mental age to adolescents with Down syndrome (n = 15) and typically

  11. `C and tcc: A Language and Compiler for Dynamic Code Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engler, Dawson

    and expressiveness superior to those of static code. The `C Tick C language is a superset of ANSI C that supports e Words and Phrases: compilers, dynamic code generation, dynamic code optimiza- tion, ANSI C Email: maxp is a superset of ANSI C that supports the high-level and e cient use of dynamic code generation. It extends ANSI

  12. Back-Off Language Model Compression Boulos Harb, Ciprian Chelba, Jeffrey Dean, Sanjay Ghemawat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Andrew

    , after text normalization for ASR Order # n-grams pruning PPL n-gram hit-ratios 3 15M entropy 190 47. bytes/n-gram speed (relative to uncompressed): computed PPL on unseen test data Back-Off Language Model

  13. Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTM Leading. www.ets.org/toefl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTM Listening. Learning. Leading. www.ets.org/toefl Information Internet-based testing ONLY. Information about TOEFL computer-based testing,TOEFL paper-based testing, and the Test of Spoken English is in a separate Bulletin. Read all of the information in this Bulletin

  14. Mind & Language, Vol. 23 No. 3 June 2008, pp. 263272. 2008 The Author

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machery, Edouard

    Mind & Language, Vol. 23 No. 3 June 2008, pp. 263­272. © 2008 The Author Journal compilation © 2008: In The Architecture of the Mind, Carruthers proposes a new and detailed explanation for how human cognition could of this proposal, I argue that Carruthers has failed to explain how a massively modular mind could display

  15. Mind & Language, Vol. 23 No. 1 February 2008, pp. 123143. 2008 The Authors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    Mind & Language, Vol. 23 No. 1 February 2008, pp. 123­143. © 2008 The Authors Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd Fodor's Challenge to the Classical Computational Theory of Mind KIRK LUDWIG AND SUSAN SCHNEIDER Abstract: In The Mind Doesn't Work That Way, Jerry Fodor argues that mental

  16. Department of Slavic Languages and Literature University of Wisconsin-Madison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharer, John E.

    's largest oil producer, the second-largest producer of natural gas with the world's largest natural gas speak different languages in the region. · Learning Russian prepares you to join the world economy: Russia is one of the largest producers of many natural resources and raw materials, including petroleum

  17. Journal of Philosophy, Inc. On the Systematicity of Language and Thought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pylyshyn, Zenon

    Journal of Philosophy, Inc. On the Systematicity of Language and Thought Author(s): Kent Johnson Source: The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 101, No. 3 (Mar., 2004), pp. 111-139 Published by: Journal of Philosophy, Inc. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3655573 Accessed: 29/08/2010 19:47 Your use

  18. The Other Side of Cognitive Control: Can a Lack of Cognitive Control Benefit Language and Cognition?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson-Schill, Sharon

    The Other Side of Cognitive Control: Can a Lack of Cognitive Control Benefit Language and Cognition Cognitive control refers to the regulation of mental activity to support flexible cognition across different domains. Cragg and Nation (2010) propose that the development of cognitive control in children parallels

  19. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Type #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Pointers are convenient in some cases struct NodeGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. E.g. Buffer overflow problem Particularly troublesome in C as points and array are regarded

  20. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Semantics (2) #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Contents 7.1 Motivation 7.2 ExpressionGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Ways to express program semantics · Operational semantics: Whatever happens when the program

  1. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Parser #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Quick Review ­ LL & LR Grammar and Parser · A calculation ­ algorithm for computing the nullable sets #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc

  2. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Regular Expression and Lexer #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Review * Compiler;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Contents 3.1 Chomsky Hierarchy 3.2 Lexical Analysis 3

  3. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Lambda Calculus in Further Depth #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Lambda Calculus parameter specify the function body #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. #12;Copyright

  4. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Semantics #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Contents 7.1 Motivation 7.2 Expression.7 Exception Handling Semantics #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 7.1 Motivation To provide

  5. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Scope #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 4.1 Syntactic Issues 4.2 Variables 4.3 Scope 4;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Recall that the term binding is an association between

  6. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Lambda Calculus in Further Depth #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Quick Review: Lambda Calculus ­ Syntax ­ Semantics #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. #12;Copyright

  7. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Grammars (2) Xipeng Shen #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Contents 2.1 Grammars ! 2.5.2 Abstract Syntax Trees #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. BNF Grammar Set of productions

  8. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Parser #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Recursive Descent Parser (cont.) Outline with an example · Basic coding · Output abstract syntax tree #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc

  9. Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xipeng

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Syntax (4) Xipeng Shen #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Review: Extended BNF (EBNF;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Fig. 2.7 Clite Grammar: Statements Program int main

  10. Aligning context-based statistical models of language with brain activity during reading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knight, Kevin

    Aligning context-based statistical models of language with brain activity during reading Leila for incoming words given the context. On the other hand, brain imaging studies have sug- gested that during reading, the brain (a) continu- ously builds a context from the successive words and every time

  11. Reviewing the Design of DAML+OIL: An Ontology Language for the Semantic Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Harmelen, Frank

    the RDF semantics. ­ DAML+OIL thus uses RDF syntax, but not RDF semantics. ­ Would like DAML+OIL semanticsBell Labs Reviewing the Design of DAML+OIL: An Ontology Language for the Semantic Web Ian Horrocks ¤ Definitions of terms, e.g., Student Description Logics (DLs) ¤ Formal semantics ¤ Practical inference ¤ OIL

  12. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUDIO, SPEECH AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING 1 Model-Based Speech Enhancement with Improved

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    So, Hing-Cheung

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUDIO, SPEECH AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING 1 Model-Based Speech Enhancement-based approach to enhance noisy speech using an analysis-synthesis framework. Target speech is reconstructed. Ini- tially, we propose an analysis-synthesis framework for speech enhancement based on harmonic noise

  13. Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Computer Speech and Language 28 (2014) 665686

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    ­686 Intelligibility enhancement of HMM-generated speech in additive noise by modifying Mel cepstral coefficients intelligibility enhancement for Hidden Markov Model (HMM) generated synthetic speech in noise. We present a methodAvailable online at www.sciencedirect.com Computer Speech and Language 28 (2014) 665

  14. Extending Automated Compositional Verification to the Full Class of Omega-Regular Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Bow-Yaw

    Farzan1 , Yu-Fang Chen2 , Edmund M. Clarke1 , Yih-Kuen Tsay2 , and Bow-Yaw Wang3 1 Carnegie Mellon, 10]. Most compositional techniques advocate proving properties of a system by checking properties], system be- haviors and their requirements are formalized as regular languages. Assumptions in premises

  15. The Orc Programming Language David Kitchin, Adrian Quark, William Cook, Jayadev Misra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, William R.

    The Orc Programming Language David Kitchin, Adrian Quark, William Cook, Jayadev Misra The University of Texas at Austin Abstract. Orc was originally presented as a process calculus. It has now practical concurrent programming problems are easily solved in Orc. 1 Introduction Concurrency has become

  16. The Effects of Language Stimuli on Design Creativity I. Chiu and L.H. Shu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shu, Lily H.

    that opposite stimuli is a practical method for encouraging creative design. Keywords: Engineering designThe Effects of Language Stimuli on Design Creativity I. Chiu and L.H. Shu Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto 5 King's College Road, Toronto, ON, M5S 3G8 Canada chiu

  17. Reusing Swedish Language Processing Resources in SVENSK Fredrik Olsson Bjorn Gamback Mikael Eriksson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsson, Fredrik

    . Most of the recycling of linguistic resources has been concerned with reuse of data, that is1 Reusing Swedish Language Processing Resources in SVENSK Fredrik Olsson Bjň?orn Gambň?ack Mikael resources for Swedish. SVENSK employs GATE, General Architecture for Text Engineering from the University

  18. Reusing Swedish Language Processing Resources in SVENSK Fredrik Olsson Bjorn Gamback Mikael Eriksson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsson, Fredrik

    . Most of the recycling of linguistic resources has been concerned with reuse of data, that is1 Reusing Swedish Language Processing Resources in SVENSK Fredrik Olsson Bj¨orn Gamb¨ack Mikael and resources for Swedish. SVENSK employs GATE, General Architecture for Text Engineering from the University

  19. Dismantling Bellicose Identities: Strategic Language Games in Theresa Hak Kyung Cha's DICTEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joo, Hee-Jung Serenity; Lux, Christina

    2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    language games, it resists what Amartya Sen refers to as a ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ? ?bellicose identity.? Sen explains that ?[v]iolence is fomented by... to multilingualism may have been shaped by what Sen terms ?proficient artisans of terror,?29 in this case, an Imperial Church. By acknowledging her affective responses in a religious context, the reader is prepared to explore how...

  20. Automatic Processing of Broadcast Audio in Multiple Languages Lori Lamel and Jean-Luc Gauvain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    which has enabled the processing of broad- cast audio for information access. At LIMSI, broadcast news. In the EC ALERT [1] project and the French RNRT THEOREME [5] project, the aim is to combine state, French, German, Mandarin, Portuguese, Spanish and Arabic languages. 2. TRANSCRIBING BROADCAST AUDIO