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Sample records for language english references

  1. English Language Policy 1 English Language Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    English Language Policy 1 English Language Policy Abstract This Policy sets out the University their courses of study. Dates Policy approved Policy takes effect Policy is due for review (up to five years) 03/11/2010 22/11/2010 11/2015 Policy amendment approved Policy amendment takes effect 11/12/2014 19

  2. English Language Studies Program Description The English Language Studies Program is designed to improve students' Academic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    09/2014 English Language Studies Program Description The English Language Studies Program Language Studies 40 (Advanced) English Language Studies 50 (University Bridge) Program Level Description-moderate English language proficiency in reading, writing, listening, and speaking. The program focuses on applied

  3. Programme Handbook MA in English Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molinari, Marc

    Programme Handbook 2014-15 MA in English Language Teaching: Online #12;© Modern Languages of postgraduate study at one of the UK's leading research universities. The Handbook should be read in conjunction with the 2014-15 student information available on SUSSED and the Graduate School Handbook produced

  4. Course Guide Linguistics and English Language 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    Handbook 7. Tutorials 8. Assessment Information 9. Learn 10. Contact Details for Staff on the Course 11 and English Language School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences University of Edinburgh #12;Page in a coherent and systematic way. 2. To introduce you to the fundamental terminology and analytic concepts

  5. Knowledge to go places Language Centre English Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaroubi, Saleem

    Knowledge to go places Language Centre English Test Put your language skills to the test Language.rug.nl/languagecentrewww.rug.nl/languagecentre The Language Centre provides a test of language competence which can be used by students, prospective students abroad. The test covers all four skills: writing, reading, listening and speaking. The writing, reading

  6. Cross Language Transfer and Foreign Language Learning Motivation in English and Chinese 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Eunhee

    2014-11-12

    This dissertation investigated two issues: cross-language transfer among three typologically distant languages—Korean, English, and Chinese—and the language learning motivation of Korean students as it relates to two foreign languages...

  7. Knowledge to go places Language Centre English Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaroubi, Saleem

    Knowledge to go places Language Centre English Test Put your language skills to the test #12;www.rug.nl/languagecentrewww.rug.nl/languagecentre The Language Centre provides a test of language competence which can be used by students, prospective students abroad. The test covers all four skills: writing, reading, listening and speaking. The writing, reading

  8. Caliban's Curse: The English Language and Nigeria's Underdevelopment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osundare, Niyi

    1982-01-01

    of English in Northern Nigeria (1900-1943)," InternationalLanguage Policy in Nigeria 1882-1952," International Journaland Politics in Colonial Nigeria (cambridge: POST, K. W. J.

  9. The Arabic Lexical Contributions to the English Language 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cannon, Garland; Kaye, Alan S.

    2007-03-05

    The Arabic lexical contributions to the English language (2nd ed.) contains extensive additions to the main entries and their data from the original 1994 edition by Harrassowitz Verlag of Wiesbaden. It continues Cannon’s ...

  10. Improving Teaching and Learning for English Language Learners 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandel, Brooke E.

    2010-07-14

    While there has been tremendous growth in the numbers of Hispanics and English language learners (ELLs) in our public schools, there has been a lack of educational opportunities offered to these students resulting in low educational achievement...

  11. Estimation of English and non-English Language Use on the WWW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gregory Grefenstette; Julien Nioche

    2000-06-23

    The World Wide Web has grown so big, in such an anarchic fashion, that it is difficult to describe. One of the evident intrinsic characteristics of the World Wide Web is its multilinguality. Here, we present a technique for estimating the size of a language-specific corpus given the frequency of commonly occurring words in the corpus. We apply this technique to estimating the number of words available through Web browsers for given languages. Comparing data from 1996 to data from 1999 and 2000, we calculate the growth of a number of European languages on the Web. As expected, non-English languages are growing at a faster pace than English, though the position of English is still dominant.

  12. SQL Reference Learning Gupta SQLBase Structured Query Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SQL Reference Learning Gupta SQLBase Structured Query Language (SQL) By William Sprouse CENTER, CO 80523 Spring 1996 #12;SQL Reference Learning Gupta SQLBase Structured Query Language (SQL.1.2.4 The Clipboard 5 2.2 GETTING STARTED 5 2.2.1 STARTING QUEST 5 2.2.2 GETTING HELP 6 3. SQL BASICS 6 3

  13. Name Module Robotics and Computer Vision Language English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boucherie, Richard J.

    1 Name Module Robotics and Computer Vision Language English Contact person Ferdi van der Heijden A robotic device is a goal oriented machine that can sense, plan and act; often, in an unknown or dynamic environment. Robotics binds elements from physics and mechanics, sensor and actuator technology, pattern

  14. Implementing Hong Kong English into Hong Kong language curriculum 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwan, Joanna Long-Lam

    2010-11-24

    into the language curriculum as a way to increase its local recognition. The results of the study reflect that Hong Kong English might be usefully implemented into the curriculum in two directions: as a module or unit within the syllabus for students who are more...

  15. Resources for Chinese-English Cross-Language IR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oard, Doug

    1 Resources for Chinese-English Cross-Language IR Douglas W. Oard College of Library supported in part by DARPA contract N6600197C8540 #12;2 Part I. Introduction Specific evaluation criteria for resource selection and for gap analysis to focus additional search for specific resources that could

  16. Language Contact and Language Conflict: The Case of Yoruba-English Bilinguals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dada, S. A.

    2007-01-01

    . Generally, competitions and conflict, both in the individual and in the society as a whole, can be regarded as a natural concomitant of situations of languages in contact. The paper describes the linguistic situation in Nigeria with particular reference...

  17. ANALYSIS OF SPELLING PERFORMANCE IN ENGLISH AMONG STUDENTS WHOSE FIRST LANGUAGE IS ARABIC 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allaith, Zainab A.

    2010-07-14

    One of the main differences between English monolinguals and English language learners is that the latter use their knowledge of their first language in spelling in English. Previous studies have shown that the nature of ...

  18. Assessing Spanish Early Writing Development of Preschool English Language Learners and Its Link to English Early Writing Development 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, Esmeralda

    2012-10-19

    base. This study is important because it aims to address the gap in the literature by exploring ELLs' pathway from Spanish (L1) to English (L2) written language and moderators of this pathway. Using a sample of 110 preschool English-language learners...

  19. Academic Oral English Development Among Spanish-speaking English Language Learners: Comparing Transitional Bilingual and Structured English Immersion Models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tong, Fuhui; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly; Mathes, Patricia; Kwok, Oi-man

    2010-10-22

    , p. 69). ?My premise ? oral proficiency is part of the academic language, and the ability to understand and communicate orally in an English academic setting (Collier, 1987; Roberts & Neal, 2004). Discrete Aspects of Academic Oral Proficiency...-1 Fuhui Tong, Ph.D., Texas A&M University Lara-Alecio, Ph.D., Texas A&M University Beverly Irby, Ed.D., Sam Houston State University Patricia Mathes, Ph.D., Southern Methodist University Oi-man Kwok, Ph.D., Texas A&M University AERA, 2008 Academic...

  20. Hindi-english, Code Switching and Language Choice in Urban, Uppermiddle-class Indian Families

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhotra, Sunita

    1980-01-01

    Most bilingual speakers tend to 'code switch' between the languages they speak. The present study deals with code-switching and language choice and the speech of Hindi-English bilinguals residing in North India and the ...

  1. Adult migrants and English language learning in museums: understanding the impact on social inclusion 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Sherice Nicole

    2013-11-29

    This doctoral study explores the museum as site and resource for language learning by adult migrants, refugees and asylum seekers. English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) provision has emerged over the past decade ...

  2. Interference of Greek learners' native language in their written performance of English verb tenses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadimitriou, Assimina

    The main focus of this study is on depicting, classifying and evaluating instances of contextually erroneous verb tense use in the English language as a result of negative transfer from the native language (Modern Greek). ...

  3. Linking Family Background and Home Language with English Reading Comprehension amog Bi/Multilinguals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yulia, Astri

    2013-04-24

    The purpose of this study is to examine the links between family background and home language factors on English reading achievement among bi/multilingual students. To explore the potential predictors of English reading achievement among bi...

  4. English Language Learners' Writing Behaviors During Literacy-Enriched Block Play 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snow, Marianne

    2013-04-08

    While many researchers have explored the benefits of literacy-enriched play for monolingual English-speaking children, few have investigated English language learners’ (ELL) responses to this type of play. This thesis presents three groups of case...

  5. 11th Grade Students' English Reading Motivation, Language Problems and Reading Achievement in Taiwan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Jung-Hsuan

    2012-07-16

    English reading motivation and its relationship with perceived language problems and reading achievement. 302 11th grade students from an urban district in southern Taiwan participated in the study. Measures included an English reading comprehension...

  6. Schematic Generation of English-prose Semantics for a Risk Analysis Language Based on UML Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stølen, Ketil

    Schematic Generation of English-prose Semantics for a Risk Analysis Language Based on UML risk-driven testing, we have developed CORAL, a language for risk analysis based on UML interac- tions that is linear to the complexity of CORAL diagrams in terms of size. Keywords-risk analysis language; risk

  7. Reviewed 10/2/2012 ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROGRAMS IN NEW YORK CITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, Keren

    Reviewed 10/2/2012 ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROGRAMS IN NEW YORK CITY This is a partial listing Language Program 504 Lewisohn Hall New York, NY 10027 (212) 854-3584 www.ce.columbia.edu/alp alp New York, NY 10027 (212) 854-9224 Language Maintenance Tutorials http://www.lrc.columbia.edu/lmt lrc

  8. Two varieties of Hong Kong English - language use in computer-mediated communication compared to other forms of written English among Hong Kong adolescents 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poon, Wing Kin Vinton

    2005-01-01

    By examining the notion of Hong Kong English, and language use in computer mediated communication, this dissertation aims at distinguishing two varieties of Hong Kong English; one variety being the Hong Kong English ...

  9. Initial Screening for Gifted and Talented Programs: Increasing Participation of Hispanic English Language Learners 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquierdo, J. Joy; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly

    2010-10-22

    -1 Initial Screening for Gifted and Talented Programs: Increasing Participation of Hispanic English Language Learners Dr. J. Joy Esquierdo, University of Texas-Pan American esquierdo@utpa.edu Dr. Rafael Lara-Alecio, Texas A&M University a... significant difference in performance of Hispanic kindergarten English language learners on the HBGSI by educational placement those who are served in transitional bilingual education (TBE) program versus those who are served in an English as a Second...

  10. Using Arabic (L1) in testing reading comprehension in English (L2) as a foreign language 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Qudairy, Abdullah H. A.

    2011-06-29

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of using Arabic (L1) as a language of questions and answers in testing reading comprehension in English (L2), and to explore student and teacher opinions about ...

  11. Factors Contributing to Community College English as a Second Language (ESL) Student’s Academic Success 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Comfort, Leslie E.

    2013-11-19

    Given the high numbers of English as a Second Language (ESL) students who begin their studies at a community college, it is imperative that educators help these students thrive. The purpose of this study was to determine ...

  12. The Use of Language and Culture: Does Speaking a Non-English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    S126. [26] Leon, A. (2003). “Does ’Ethnic Capital’ Matter?19] Hutchinson, W.K. (2002). “Does Ease of Communicationof Language and Culture: Does Speaking a Non-English Native

  13. Early identification of Hispanic English language learners for gifted and talented programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquierdo, Jennifer Joy

    2006-08-16

    The exponential growth of the Hispanic student population and the controversial educational issue surrounding the assessment of English language learners are the two fundamental topics of this study. Due to the uncertainty and ambiguity surrounding...

  14. Problems with Science Teaching and Learning for English Language Learners in One Diverse Elementary School 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Karen Margaret

    2012-10-19

    practices in terms of science instruction and learning for English Language Learners (ELL). This study also analyzed information gathered from teacher lesson plan and classroom observations. The participants' awareness of the instructional practices...

  15. Exploring change in preservice teachers' beliefs about English language learning and teaching 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark-Goff, Kylah Lynn

    2009-05-15

    Increasing numbers of English language learners (ELLs) and diminishing services for those students is resulting in mainstream teachers across the United States taking on the responsibility of teaching ELLs. This demands the preparation of all...

  16. A Phenomenological Exploration of Novice Texas English/Language Arts Teachers' Experiences with Media Literacy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huie, Allison Martin

    2012-10-19

    This mixed method study employs a phenomenological methodology to explore the experiences of novice secondary Texas English/Language Arts (E/LA) teachers' who integrated media literacy curriculum within their content area ...

  17. Late Emerging Reading Difficulties in English Language Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Nicole Marie

    2015-01-01

    Collins, L. M. (2011). Proc LCA and Proc LTA users’ guide (for Current Study Figure 4 LCA Item Response Probabilitiesa covariate to the 2-class LCA model The English Expressive

  18. Language: English Search: ZMATHMSC 2000Serials Contact Subscription

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    by conjugate algebraic numbers in fields of transcendence degree one. (English) [J] Int. J. Number Theory 1, No of irrationality and of transcendence Citations: Zbl 1055.11043 PDF XML ASCII DVI PS BibTeX Online Ordering Link Search 1 OpenURL Zbl pre05074489 Waldschmidt, Michel Transcendence of periods: the state of the art

  19. Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTM Leading. www.ets.org/toefl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTM Listening. Learning. Leading. www.ets.org/toefl Information Internet-based testing ONLY. Information about TOEFL computer-based testing,TOEFL paper-based testing, and the Test of Spoken English is in a separate Bulletin. Read all of the information in this Bulletin

  20. Combined Honours BA Digital Journalism and English Language, Literature and Creative Writing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Combined Honours BA Digital Journalism and English Language, Literature and Creative Writing How do? A grassroots commentator with a laptop? www.uwindsor.ca/digitaljournalism In any format, journalism today has degree in English and a degree concentration in the specific professional skills of web-based journalism

  1. The Impact of Story Reading and Retelling on the Oral Development of English Language Learners 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Pei-Lin

    2015-04-16

    Instruction .................................................. 49 Control Groups -- Typical Instruction ........................................................... 51 STELLA Lesson Description... preview of the lesson then transfer to English and the material can be reviewed in home language to ensure the content understanding. The strategy can also be adapted to English only with the use of gestures or visuals (Herrell & Jordan, 2012). 6...

  2. Selected critical bibliography of English-language books on Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    1998-01-01

    of Haitian sugarcane cutters in the Dominican Republic, amounting to a form of modern-day slavery. Leon, Warren E., Jr. Peintures haïtiennes. Boulogne, France: Delroisse, 1978. Pp. 143. Text in French, English, Spanish, and German. Explanatory notes quite... Jersey: Zed Books, 1987. Pp. xiv-177. Excellent summary by a British human rights consultant of economic and political conditions in the Dominican Republic and Haiti, explaining the virtual slavery of the Haitian sugarcane cutters in the D.R. Followed...

  3. Spanish and English language usage by rural and urban Spanish-American families in two South Texas counties 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahoney, Mary Katherine

    1967-01-01

    OF SPANISH-AMERICAN HOUSEHOLD HEADS . 19 Language Used in Conversations. . . . . , . . . . 19 Language Used in Reading and in Other Visual and Radio Programs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 V. LANGUAGE PATTERNS OF SPANISH-AMERICAN CHILDREN ~ 25 Language... Language usage by Spanish-American household heads in Atascosa County and Ssn Antonio in reading and in visual and radio programs according to nativity status . 4~ English and Spanish language spoken by Spanish-American household heads in Atascosa...

  4. State Funding and the Equal Educational Opportunity of Language Minority Students: The Texas Public School Finance Mechanism and the Extent to Which English Language Learners Are Equitably Served 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eason, Noelle Rogers

    2012-02-14

    FUNDING AND THE EQUAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY OF LANGUAGE MINORITY STUDENTS: THE TEXAS PUBLIC SCHOOL FINANCE MECHANISM AND THE EXTENT TO WHICH ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS ARE EQUITABLY SERVED A Dissertation by NOELLE ROGERS EASON Submitted... OPPORTUNITY OF LANGUAGE MINORITY STUDENTS: THE TEXAS PUBLIC SCHOOL FINANCE MECHANISM AND THE EXTENT TO WHICH ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS ARE EQUITABLY SERVED A Dissertation by NOELLE ROGERS EASON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies...

  5. Some suggestions for adapting group and pair work techniques in teaching English as a second language in Tanzania 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Igwilla, Juma C.

    1989-01-01

    English is regarded as a second language in Tanzania for it is the major language of law, government, education, business and industry. It is important that it is a compulsory subject in the curriculum - from primary to tertiary education level...

  6. Assessing English as a Second Language: From Classroom Data to a Competence-Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bull, Susan

    Assessing English as a Second Language: From Classroom Data to a Competence-Based Open Learner of ICT in classrooms comes much data that can be used for evidence-based assessment. We focus on harnessing and interpreting this data to empower teachers in formative assessment. We describe e

  7. The Effect of a Comprehensive English Language/Literacy Intervention in Bilingual Classrooms on the Development of English Reading Fluency for English-Language Learners, Grades 2-3 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trevino, Elizabeth Pauline, 1978-

    2012-11-16

    . Within second language (L2) reading research, there have been few studies of L2 ORF development. The purposes of this study were to: (a) model the trajectory (i.e., initial status and growth) of English ORF in Grades 2 and 3 for Spanish-speaking ELLs...

  8. A case study of seven Taiwanese English as a foreign language freshman non-English majors' perceptions about learning five communication strategies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Grace Hui Chin

    2009-05-15

    The primary purpose of this study was to identify what were Taiwanese University English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners’ perceptions about learning communication strategies. This study collected qualitative data about students’ beliefs...

  9. Preschool English Language Learners with Disabilities: A Comparison of Recommended and Actual Language of Instruction Practices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cole, Corinna V.

    2010-07-14

    -practice recommendations made by a group of evaluators in the field of bilingual special education. Results indicated that teacher practices differed considerably from recommendations made by expert evaluators in the field. Specifically, teachers preferred English...

  10. A Study Addressing Three Components of the National Bilingual Research Agenda for English Language Learners on High Stakes Assessment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Linda; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Galloway, Martha M.; Irby, Beverly J.

    2010-10-22

    Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Language Affairs U.S. Department of Education Field-Initiated Research Report AERA, April 2002 A Study Addressing Three Components of the National Bilingual Research Agenda for English... ........................................................... 25 IV. RECOMMENDATIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE ............................................................................... 133 A Study Addressing Three Components of the National Bilingual Research Agenda for English Language...

  11. How to apply to ELS at UNBC For acceptance to the English Language Studies program, we require the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    How to apply to ELS at UNBC For acceptance to the English Language Studies program, we require that you have taken (optional) If you are applying for direct entry into the English Language Studies 50 (University) program, a TOEFL/IELTS score or equivalent must accompany the application package. If you

  12. A Study Addressing Three Components of the National Bilingual Research Agenda for English Language Learners on High Stakes Assessment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kujawa, Nadine; Cavazos, Gloria; Meyer, Doris; Rodriguez, Linda; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Galloway, Martha; Irby, Beverly J.

    2010-10-22

    Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Language Affairs U.S. Department of Education Field-Initiated Research Report August, 2001 A Study Addressing Three Components of the National Bilingual Research Agenda for English Language... Addressing Three Components of the National Bilingual Research Agenda for English Language Learners on High Stakes Assessment i FIELD-INITIATED RESEARCH REPORT August, 2001 SECTION I INTRODUCTION The Title VII OBEMLA-sponsored field...

  13. A Configurable Reference Modelling Language1 M. Rosemanna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Systems, Configuration, Event-Driven Process Chains 1 This research project is financially supported by SAP Research. #12;- 2 - 1 Introduction Enterprise Systems (ES) offer business solutions for typical language used in the by far most successful Enterprise System (SAP) with configurable elements. Thus

  14. A Configurable Reference Modelling Language1 M. Rosemanna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    , Configuration, Event-driven Process Chains 1 This research project is financially supported by SAP Corporate reference models "just" depict the possible system capabilities and cannot sufficiently guide the project, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, w.m.p.v.d.aalst@tm.tue.nl Abstract Enterprise Systems (ES) are comprehensive off

  15. When language policy and pedagogy conflict: pupils’ and educators’ ‘practiced language policies’ in an English-medium kindergarten classroom in Greece 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papageorgiou, Ifigenia

    2012-11-28

    An international school (BES) in Greece, overwhelmingly attended by Greek origin children, has adopted, as its language policy, English as the ‘official’ medium of interaction, including in the Reception classroom, the ...

  16. Towards an understanding of English as a second language (ESL) and learning difficulties (LD) in an international school setting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen-Machikawa, Efrat

    2007-01-01

    This dissertation examined the educational professional literature pertaining to identifying learning difficulties (LD) in students of English as a Second Language (ESL) in the international school (IS) settings. By ...

  17. Effect of bilingual education on students’ first language written discourse: a contrastive Spanish-English study using systemic functional linguistics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell-Reid, Corinne Rhona

    2011-11-23

    This thesis investigates whether studying through English has an effect on the written texts secondary school students produce in their first language, Spanish. Research in bilingual education has tended to focus on ...

  18. An analysis of the representational pattterns of English language learners receiving special education services in school districts in South Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Contreras, Diana Linn

    2007-09-17

    This study examined the representational patterns of English language learners receiving special education services in school districts in South Texas. Additionally, this study identified school district characteristics that were related...

  19. Hearing the Voices of Alternatively Certified Teachers in Texas: Narratives of Teaching English Language Learners in Urban Secondary Mainstream Classrooms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zannou, Yetunde

    2012-11-21

    In Texas, nearly half of all new teachers are alternatively certified (AC) whilst English language learners (ELL) are over one-third of the public school population in some districts. As this trend continues, the likelihood that AC teachers...

  20. The Impact of Teachers' Expectations, Parents' Expectations, and Academic Self-Efficacy on the Achievement of English Language Learners 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivera, Vivina

    2012-10-19

    Given the projected increase of Hispanic Spanish-speaking English language learners (ELLs), researchers have begun examining issues related to their high levels of school dropout, largely stemming from academic underachievement. ...

  1. High-Stakes Reading Assessment and English Oral Language Development: A Study of Third Grade English Language Learners in a Texas School District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acosta, Sandra

    2011-08-08

    between oral language and reading performance in third grade Hispanic ELLS, and (c) the impact of instructional program model on ELLs’ oral language development. Two parallel systematic reviews were conducted searching CSA, Ebsco and Wilson electronic...

  2. Evidentiality in English and Polish 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurajek, Beata

    2010-11-24

    This thesis provides a synchronic account of evidentiality in English and Polish and the main ideas associated with the research on evidentiality with reference to these languages. Chapter 1 provides the review of main ...

  3. IBM XL Fortran Enterprise Edition V10.1 for AIX Language Reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    IBM XL Fortran Enterprise Edition V10.1 for AIX Language Reference SC09-8006-00 #12;#12;IBM XL. First Edition (October 2005 ) This edition applies to IBM® XL Fortran Enterprise Edition V10.1 for AIX editions. Make sure you are using the correct edition for the level of the product. IBM welcomes your

  4. IBM XL C/C++ Advanced Edition V8.0 for Linux Language Reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    IBM XL C/C++ Advanced Edition V8.0 for Linux Language Reference SC09-8016-00 #12;#12;IBM XL C (November, 2005) This edition applies to Version 8.0 of IBM XL C/C++ Advanced Edition for Linux (product editions. IBM welcomes your comments. You can send them by the Internet to the following address: compinfo@ca.ibm

  5. IBM XL C/C++ Enterprise Edition V8.0 for AIX Language Reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    IBM XL C/C++ Enterprise Edition V8.0 for AIX Language Reference SC09-7998-00 #12;#12;IBM XL C (October, 2005) This edition applies to Version 8.0 of IBM XL C/C++ Enterprise Edition for AIX (product editions. IBM welcomes your comments. You can send them by the Internet to the following address: compinfo@ca.ibm

  6. Reading achievement of English language learners in 50/50 and 90/10 two-way dual language programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Nano Kathleen

    2009-05-15

    , Espa?ol (CTBS Espa?ol) (CTB/ McGraw-Hill, 1985), which was the Spanish equivalent of the English CAT. Cazabon et al. (1993) found that the English reading and math achievement of English Amigos was very similar to the English comparison students...

  7. The Acquisition of Chinese as a third language by Japanese L1/English L2 speakers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di, Danqi

    2005-01-01

    The role of language transfer in second language acquisition has long been the focus in the study of cross-linguistic influence. Much has been written about how the learner’s existing linguistic knowledge influences the ...

  8. The Effects of English Language Learner Classification on Students’ Educational Experience and Later Academic Achievement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin, Nami

    2015-01-01

    outcomes of English 8, Math 7, Algebra 1, and Algebra 2. Two9 English 10 Math 6 Math 7 Algebra 1 Geometry Algebra 29 English 10 Math 6 Math 7 Algebra 1 Geometry Algebra 2

  9. Teachers’ and Administrators’ Perceptions of the Antecedents of School Dropout among English Language Learners at Selected Texas Schools 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doll, Jonathan Jacob

    2011-08-08

    stream_source_info DOLL-DISSERTATION.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 430135 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name DOLL-DISSERTATION.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 i... TEACHERS? AND ADMINISTRATORS? PERCEPTIONS OF THE ANTECEDENTS OF SCHOOL DROPOUT AMONG ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS AT SELECTED TEXAS SCHOOLS A Dissertation by JONATHAN JACOB DOLL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A...

  10. Implications for Dual Language Administrative Leadership: A Comparison of the English Reading Achievement of Third Grade Students among Three Instructional Programs in a Rural School District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trejo, Martha A.

    2015-08-12

    This quantitative study is derived from a need to know how the leadership can support the teachers in a Two Way Dual Language (TWDL) program and a need of a comparative analysis to compare the English reading Texas Assessment ...

  11. An analysis of the reliability and validity of the Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test (NNAT) with English language Learner (ELL) Mexican American children 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villarreal, Carlo Arlan

    2006-08-16

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability and validity of the results of the Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test (NNAT; Naglieri, 1997a) with a sample of English Language Learner (ELL) Mexican American ...

  12. Voices of Four Taiwanese College Students' Experiences with the Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC) Preparation (PREP) Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, To-Yu

    2014-02-19

    emerged from the study: (a) students’ motivations derived from their English learning backgrounds, (b) online learning and flexible scheduling, (c) language test preparation through online learning, and (d) improving performance on the TOEIC test...

  13. Crosslinguistic influence on the syntax/pragmatics interface: the grammatical subjects in the languages of an adult bilingual speaker of Macedonian and English 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veloska Lynch, Ljupka

    2007-11-28

    The present study is an experimental study on the grammatical subjects in the languages of an adult bilingual speaker of English and Macedonian. Three structures are tested in order to verify the existence of crosslinguistic influence claimed...

  14. The Phonological Rhythm of Emergent Language: A Comparison Between French and English Babbling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konopczysnki, Gabrielle

    1993-01-01

    The phonological rhythm of French is characterized by a tendency to syllabic isochrony within an utterance and a clear final lengthening, whereas the rhythm of English is stress-timed. A study of babbling at a turning ...

  15. Haitian-English Dictionary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2004-01-01

    little or no lexical similarities. The term kreyol, used almost universally within Haiti, is no more justifiable when speaking English than would be the term français to refer to French or Deutsch to German. And instead of the hybrid term "Haitian.... xii Of course this official enactment simply formalized currents long in preparation, evolving from a humble status as the language of informal discourse, to the realm of formal discourse — eloquently illustrated by its exclusive use at the very...

  16. The Effect of Mediated Glosses on Vocabulary Retention and Reading Comprehension with English Language Learners in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Ghafli, Mansour Hussain

    2011-04-26

    This study investigated the effectiveness of mediated glosses for understanding technical terms with foreign language learners. Previous research has found that online glosses improve information access, comprehension, ...

  17. The roles of working memory, language proficiency, and training in simultaneous interpretation performance: evidence from Chinese-English bilinguals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzou, Yeh-Zu

    2009-05-15

    Simultaneous interpretation is a cognitively demanding task involving concurrent listening and speaking in two languages. Successful performance in this task likely relies on a good working memory, which reflects a person’s ...

  18. Possible heritage language loss in Hispanic students enrolled in English as a second language programs or in transitional bilingual education programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheffield, Mariagrazia Marzono

    2009-05-15

    The present study investigated the possibility of heritage language loss in twenty students of Hispanic origin, selected from six second-grade classrooms in one elementary school of a large district in the Dallas-Fort Worth area. Ten students were...

  19. THE USE OF DYNAMIC INDICATORS OF BASIC EARLY LANGUAGE SKILLS (DIBELS) AND MEASURES OF ACADEMIC PROGRESS (MAP) TO COMPARE READING PROFICIENCY IN NATIVE ENGLISH SPEAKERS AND ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellett, Ryan

    2014-05-31

    This study compares native English, Spanish, Lao, Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese, Arabic, and all other ELL students over one, two, three, and four-year spans to determine if certain groups appear to face more difficulties in developing early reading...

  20. An examination of the use of repair strategies of elementary English as a second language (ESL) students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Eun Hye

    2009-05-15

    collected from five participants who were in two different types of ESL classes: (1) instruction centered class; and (2) language related game-playing class. In order to investigate the variable of grade levels, first and second grade students’ ESL class...

  1. The relationship of language proficiency, general intelligence, and reading achievement with a sample of low performing, limited English proficient students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Charlotte Kennedy

    2009-05-15

    The present study had three purposes. The first was to examine the score reliability of instruments purported to be appropriate in the assessment of students with limited English proficiency (LEP). The second was to ...

  2. Expanding Linguistic Repertoires: An Ethnography of Black and Latina/o Youth Transcultural Communication In Urban English Language Arts Classrooms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Danny Cortez

    2012-01-01

    Franquiz, M. E. , & de la Luz Reyes, M. (1998). Creatingspring semester at WHS. Ms. Luz and Ms. Lyn agreed to havefall semester classes. Ms. Luz taught a tenth grade English

  3. Comparison of nominal compounds between English and Chinese 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deyu, Zhou

    2012-11-28

    Compounding is a major method of word formation in the language of English and Chinese. However, due to the characteristics of the languages themselves: English being a language that demonstrates itself more on the morphological aspect whereas...

  4. What's in a Test? ESL and English Placement Tests in California's Community Colleges and Implications for US-Educated Language Minority Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Llosa, Lorena; Bunch, George

    2011-01-01

    evaluated on these two writing tests reveals that these two2004). Can placement tests inform instructional decisions?WHAT’S  IN  A  TEST?     ESL  and  English  Placement  

  5. Spelling English Words: Contributions of Phonological, Morphological and Orthographic Knowledge in Speakers of English and Chinese 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Jing

    2011-08-08

    of phonological, morphological and orthographic knowledge that may impact English spelling acquisition, among Chinese students learning English as a foreign language in Grade 8 (n = 339) in mainland China and native English-speaking students in Grade 3 (n = 166...

  6. Korean Adults' Attitudes towards Varieties of English 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Young Soo

    2007-11-28

    This study investigates 43 Korean adults’ attitudes towards native and non-native varieties of English in relation to the perspective of EIL (English as an international language). This study addresses three research ...

  7. A comparison of the performance of Spanish-language background children on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test administered in English and Spanish 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Paulette Jung

    1974-01-01

    33 37 V111 LIST OF TABLES Table 1. Mean IQ scores by groups. . . ~ 2. Mean IQ scores by trials ~Pa e 16 16 Mean mental age in months by groups . . . . 17 Mean mental age in months by trials . . . . 18 5. Mean raw scores by groups 6. Mean... raw scores by trials 7. Means, ranges, and standard deviations of Spanish and English IQ scores ~ 8. Means, ranges, and standard deviations of Spanish and English mental ages (given in months) 9. Means, ranges, and standard deviations 18 18 o...

  8. Semantic and pragmatic language development in typical acquisition, autism spectrum disorders, and Williams syndrome with reference to developmental neurogenetics of the latter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modyanova, Nadezhda N

    2009-01-01

    The elucidation of the biological bases of a complex trait like human language proceeds from identification of precise behavioral phenotypes to investigation of the underlying genes. The human behavioral parts of this ...

  9. LanguageLand : a multimodal conversational spoken language learning system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Vivienne C. (Vivienne Catherine)

    2004-01-01

    LanguageLand is a multimodal conversational spoken language learning system whose purpose is to help native English users learn Mandarin Chinese. The system is centered on a game that involves navigation on a simulated ...

  10. Aspects of Aspectual Verbs in English and Russian 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mellor, Martin D

    This thesis develops a theory of a spectual interpretation based on a representation of eventuality reference which is implicit in any sentence uttered in natural language. Language users categorise real world events into various types, termed...

  11. A Contrastive Study of Reporting in Master’s Theses in Native Chinese and in Native English 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiaoli

    2008-12-04

    Previous studies mainly focus on reporting practices of English-language writing either by native-speakers-of-English or second-language learners of English. This study investigates similarities and differences of reporting ...

  12. Collaborative Autonomous English Language Learning in CALL 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alghammas, Abdurrazzag

    2010-11-24

    The explosive growth of technology has affected almost all cities and villages around the globe. This century might be deemed to be the era of technology. Computers were amazing key technological invention of the 20st century and were first used...

  13. Project ELLA: English Language and Literacy Acquisition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly J.; Mathes, Patricia G.; Rodriguez, Rosalinda; Tong, Fuhui; Guerrero, Cindy; Quiros, Ana; Cox, Kathleen; Castellanos, Mary

    2010-10-22

    District; Fuhui Tong, Texas A&M University; Cindy Guerrero, Ana Quiros, Kathleen Cox, and Mary Castellanos, Coordinators This project is funded by Institution of Education Sciences, DOE R305P030032 WALLER ISD TOMBALL ISD KLEIN ISD CYPRESS...

  14. “More & Earlier”: Neoliberalism and Primary English Education in Mexican Public Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sayer, Peter

    2015-01-01

    school English-language education in Asia (pp. 1-22). New2008). The economics of language education. In S. May & N.Encyclopedia of language and education (2 nd ed. , Vol. 1) (

  15. Freehand Sketch Recognition for Computer-Assisted Language Learning of Written East Asian Languages 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taele, Paul Piula

    2011-02-22

    of Written East Asian Languages. (December 2010) Paul Piula Taele, B.S., The University of Texas at Austin Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Tracy Hammond One of the challenges students face in studying an East Asian (EA) language (e.g., Chinese..., Japanese, and Korean) as a second language is mastering their selected language?s written component. This is especially true for students with native fluency of English and deficient written fluency of another EA language. In order to alleviate...

  16. Academic Language Proficiency Development and Its Impact on Reading Comprehension: Within and Across Languages 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spies, Tracy

    2012-07-16

    A path model of second language (L2; English) oral language and reading comprehension variables was tested on a sample of 100 Spanish-speaking English-language learners enrolled in a transitional bilingual program over a 3-year period. The data...

  17. Passive in Danish, English, and German Stefan Muller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Passive in Danish, English, and German Stefan M¨uller Freie Universit¨at Berlin Bjarne �rsnes Freie://csli-publications.stanford.edu/HPSG/2013 M¨uller, Stefan, & �rsnes, Bjarne. (2013). Passive in Danish, English, and Ger- man. In Stefan M in the passive in Danish, English, and German can be accounted for. The three languages differ along

  18. References: Information.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brass, Stefan

    Handbook. Clarendon Press, 1990. . Henning Lobin: Informationsmodellierung in XML und SGML. Springer­Verlag, 1999. . C. M. Sperberg­McQueen and Lou Burnard (Eds.): A Gentle Introduction to SGML. [http Specification. Prentice Hall, 1999. . Tim Bray, Jean Paoli, C.M. Sperberg­McQueen: Extensible Markup Language

  19. Pronominal System and Reference in Pulaar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ba, Ibrahima

    2015-12-20

    This paper examines pronominal reference and the long-distance anaphor in Pulaar, a West African language spoken from Senegal to Niger and Cameroon. I am focusing on Toore, a dialect of Pulaar spoken in southern Senegal. ...

  20. Programming Language Semantics David A. Schmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, David A.

    Programming Language Semantics David A. Schmidt Department of Computing and Information Sciences Kansas State University October 24, 1995 A programming language possesses two fundamental features: syntax and semantics. Syntax refers to the appearance of the well­formed programs of the language

  1. References: Grundlagen.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brass, Stefan

    ://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/General/Internet/WWW/] Stefan Brass: Grundlagen des World Wide Web UniversitË? at Halle, 2004 8. HTML and XHTML --- Hypertext web pages in strict HTML4.0/XHTML 1.0. . write syntactically correct HTML/XHTML. . read the HTML: Grundlagen des World Wide Web UniversitË? at Halle, 2004 8. HTML and XHTML --- Hypertext Markup Language, Part

  2. References: Grundlagen.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brass, Stefan

    ://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/General/Internet/WWW/] Stefan Brass: Grundlagen des World Wide Web UniversitË? at Halle, 2003 6. HTML and XHTML --- Hypertext web pages in strict HTML4.0/XHTML 1.0. . write syntactically correct HTML/XHTML. . read the HTML: Grundlagen des World Wide Web UniversitË? at Halle, 2003 6. HTML and XHTML --- Hypertext Markup Language, Part

  3. References: Grundlagen.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brass, Stefan

    ://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/General/Internet/WWW/] Stefan Brass: Grundlagen des World Wide Web UniversitË? at Halle, 2011 8. HTML and XHTML --- Hypertext web pages in strict HTML4.0/XHTML 1.0. . write syntactically correct HTML/XHTML. . read the HTML: Grundlagen des World Wide Web UniversitË? at Halle, 2011 8. HTML and XHTML --- Hypertext Markup Language, Part

  4. An Asymptotic Model for the English Hapax/Vocabulary Ratio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Squibs An Asymptotic Model for the English Hapax/Vocabulary Ratio Fan Fengxiang Dalian Maritime Languages, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, China. E-mail: fanfengxiang@yahoo.com. Submission received: 5

  5. Reference Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-RichProtonAbout Us HanfordReference Materials Reference

  6. Reference Shelf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-RichProtonAbout Us HanfordReference MaterialsReference Shelf

  7. Poroelastic references

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Christina Morency

    2014-12-12

    This file contains a list of relevant references on the Biot theory (forward and inverse approaches), the double-porosity and dual-permeability theory, and seismic wave propagation in fracture porous media, in RIS format, to approach seismic monitoring in a complex fractured porous medium such as Brady?s Geothermal Field.

  8. Poroelastic references

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Christina Morency

    This file contains a list of relevant references on the Biot theory (forward and inverse approaches), the double-porosity and dual-permeability theory, and seismic wave propagation in fracture porous media, in RIS format, to approach seismic monitoring in a complex fractured porous medium such as Brady?s Geothermal Field.

  9. The structure and implications of the global language network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronen, Shahar

    2013-01-01

    Languages vary enormously in global importance because of historical, demographic, political, and technological forces, and there has been much speculation about the current and future status of English as a global language. ...

  10. Examining Dual Language, Bilingual, and ESL Teachers’ Knowledge, Professional Development Experiences, and Perceptions About Second Language Programs In Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franco-Fuenmayor, Susana Elena

    2013-03-27

    The rapid increase of the English Language Learner (ELL) student population in the United States and their continued lack of achievement means that research must focus on examining differences between the types of second language programs...

  11. Reference Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-RichProtonAbout Us Hanford SiteRecoveryWatertheReference

  12. Reference Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-RichProtonAbout Us HanfordReference Materials

  13. Japanese-Chinese Cross-Language Information Retrieval: An Interlingua Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    59 Japanese-Chinese Cross-Language Information Retrieval: An Interlingua Approach Md. Maruf Hasan) ideographic language information (Chinese-like ideographic languages). The information available in non-English alphabetic languages as well as in ideographic languages (especially, in Japanese and Chinese) is growing

  14. Cyber Security Procurement Language for Control Systems Version...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Language for Control Systems Version 1.8 Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA), Process Control System (PCS), Distributed Control System (DCS), etc. generally refer...

  15. PASSPORTS TO PRIVILEGE: THE ENGLISH-MEDIUM SCHOOLS IN PAKISTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahman, Tariq

    2005-01-01

    IN PAKISTAN TARIQ RAHMAN _____________________________________________________________________ ABSTRACT Based on two recent surveys of some selected urban areas of Pakistan, the author draws interesting conclusions in this article about the English... -medium schools in Pakistan. The elites of the country have long realized the power of the English language and have even institutionalized the process of acquiring the same. As seen elsewhere in South Asia, the English-speaking elites of the country profess...

  16. An Application of the Interlingua System ISS for Spanish-English Pronominal Anaphora Generation,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An Application of the Interlingua System ISS for Spanish-English Pronominal Anaphora Generation to generate the pronominal anaphora into the Spanish and English languages. We also describe the main problems in the pronoun generation into both languages such as zero-subject constructions and number, gender and syntactic

  17. Oral English development and its impact on emergent reading achievement: a comparative study of transitional bilingual and structured english immersion models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tong, Fuhui

    2009-05-15

    This quantitative study derived from an on-going federal experimental research project targeting Spanish-speaking English language learners (ELLs) receiving services in four program models: control/experimental transitional ...

  18. Late Emerging Reading Difficulties in English Language Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Nicole Marie

    2015-01-01

    K. (2011). The Condition of Education 2011 (NCES 2011-033).U.S. Department of Education, NationalCenter for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S.

  19. Dr Deng Xudong Centre for English Language Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    ? #12;Understanding about review True or False 1. The preparation of a literature review is a three #12;Strategies for writing a LR Search Read Prepare to write Write Indicate the gap #12;Overall;Information Elements Context Review Gap (Purpose) #12;Task 1 Read the first 9 sentences of the Graphene paper

  20. Dr Deng Xudong Centre for English Language Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    literature review? #12;Understanding about review True or False 1. The preparation of a literature review General conclusions about the state of the art #12;Strategies for writing a LR Search Read Prepare;Example of a review article Graphene: Status and Prospects (Introduction) Growing opportunities Quantum

  1. Name Module Lab on a Chip Language English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boucherie, Richard J.

    brewery on a chip. You will try out your device on a real- life sample. You work in a multidisciplinary

  2. Wondrous words : explicit vocabulary instruction for kindergarten English language learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammon, Amy Lucile

    2011-01-01

    word stating that, ?The popsicle melted in the hot sun. ?we should act, ?like a popsicle. ? I thought his suggestionstraight and tall like a popsicle, then pretend to melt into

  3. Dacia Maraini's Norma '44: An English Language Translation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Re, Lucia; Streifer, Monica

    2013-01-01

    me and guide me. / Reassure or reproach me, / save me fromt that incredible? You can reproach the SS for many things,me” (8). “Norma! Of your reproaches / do not now make me the

  4. Adult Female English Language Learners: Investment, Identity and Benefits 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wharton, Anna

    2013-07-31

    ELLs are a growing community in the United States and their learning needs are significantly different from younger learners, collegiate ELLs or Adult Basic Education students. Additionally, adult female ELLs have their ...

  5. Inclusion of English language learners in conversion small schools 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plett, Bethany Joy

    2009-05-15

    of Essential Schools (CES). The Coalition of Essential Schools is a network of small schools that adhere to similar educational ideologies such as the desirability to provide inclusive educational environments. CES promotes inclusion as a means to equitable...

  6. Selected critical bibliography of English-language books on Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    1995-01-01

    , from French) London: Zed, 1985. Pp. 308. Shocking eye­ witness account by a French journalist of life of Haitian sugarcane cutters in the Dominican Republic, amounting to a form of modern-day slavery. Leon, Warren E., Jr. Peintures haitiennes... consultant of economic and political conditions in the Dominican Republic and Haiti, explaining the virtual slavery of the Haitian sugarcane cutters in the D.R. Followed by eye-witness account of actual conditions. 17 Plummer, Brenda Gayle. Haiti...

  7. The Klingon Language Version of the World English Bible: Psalms  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Joel (translator)

    and study resources) please visit http://klv.klingonword.org. Table of Contents Foreword: Why A Klingon Bible How To Use This Book 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42... lifts Dung wIj nach. 3:4 jIH SaQ Daq joH'a' tlhej wIj ghogh, je ghaH answers jIH pa' vo' Daj le' HuD. Selah. 3:5 jIH laid jIH'egh bIng je Qongta'. jIH awakened; vaD joH'a' sustains jIH. 3:6 jIH DIchDaq ghobe' taH vIp vo' wa'maHmey vo' SaDmey vo...

  8. Chinese-English Parallel Corpus Construction and its Application CHANG Baobao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinese-English Parallel Corpus Construction and its Application CHANG Baobao Institute of Computational Linguistics Peking University Beijing, P.R.China chbb@pku.edu.cn Abstract Chinese-English parallel corpora are key resources for Chinese-English cross-language information processing, Chinese

  9. The ATIS Sign Language Corpus Jan Bungeroth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Zijl, Lynette

    on the Air Travel Information System (ATIS) dataset (Hemphill et al., 1990). It contains tran- scribed data. We therefore present the ATIS sign language corpus that is based on the domain of air travel references refering to air- ports and other locations. Furthermore, it could support deaf people

  10. Professional References Ready Reference E-11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Professional References Ready Reference E-11 College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career Services Office ATRC 109E Stillwater, OK 74078 requested to do so. Create a separate sheet entitled "References." Print it on the same high quality papers

  11. Sociopragmatic Analysis of Agreement in Jordanian Arabic and American English.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    XII Sociopragmatic Analysis of Agreement in Jordanian Arabic and American English. Master of Arts the language function of 'agreement' in a corpus of material representing spontaneous social conversational recurrent realization patterns of the types and strategies that express and/or inquire about agreement

  12. English-Medium Instruction in Multilingual Universities: The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 English-Medium Instruction in Multilingual Universities: The Case of Finland. Challenges (HEI) in Europe The case of Finland: International Master's Programmes at Jyväskylä University 1 October 2008 The case of Finland Native languages spoken in Finland Finnish: 5 Mio. Swedish (Finland

  13. Haitian-English Dictionary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.; Laguerre, Jowel C.

    2000-01-01

    . For those few who do, we hope that their curiosity will be satisfied here without too great a degree of boredom. The present dictionary had its humble beginnings as a simple glossary meant to accompany a rather extensive Haitian-English phrase book... occurring. For many such expressions there is a literal, self- evident meaning as well as a figurative one. Usually we do not present the simple word-for-word equivalent. Thus for kase bra we give only the not-so-evident mean­ ing of "to discourage, depress...

  14. Haitian-English Dictionary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.; Laguerre, Jowel C.

    1996-01-01

    . The present dictionary had its humble beginnings as a simple glossary meant to accompany a rather extensive Haitian-English phrase book. However, very sn problems arose: naturally the term soulye (shoe) deserved a place, but what about lash (shoelace... normally listed under die term first occurring. For many such cxpre\\s**is there is a literal, self evident meaning m well » • figurative one. Usually wc do not present the simple word-for-word equivalent. Thus for kasr bra we give only the not- so...

  15. English Country Dancing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFES October 27th, 2010 ThanksProgram Offices EnergyCdSeEnglish

  16. Towards a Formal Semantics for a Structurally Dynamic Noncausal Modelling Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nilsson, Henrik

    modelling approach, promoting the reuse of components. Modelica is a prime example of this class of lan, many of these languages are referred to as object-oriented mod- elling languages. Modelica [23] is one

  17. The Visual Word Recognition and Orthography Depth in Second Language Acquisition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chao, Yunchun

    2011-10-01

    The study investigated whether the orthographic depth of first language (L1) affects the word recognition in second language (L2) learning. Fifteen native Chinese speakers and fifteen Greek native speakers were recruited to test their English naming...

  18. Spanish Language Use and Linguistic Attitudes in Laredo, Texas between 1860 and 1930 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickey, Concepcio?n Mari?e

    2012-07-16

    This qualitative study investigated Spanish language use and linguistic attitudes in Laredo, Texas and the surrounding area from 1860 to 1930. In the public domain, sources include the Spanish and English language newspapers ...

  19. Programming Languages Jens Palsberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palsberg, Jens

    Programming Languages Jens Palsberg Purdue University November 27, 2004 1 Introduction The goal of a programming language is to make it easier to build software. A programming language can help make software languages in the future? Many programming languages are in use today, and new languages are designed every

  20. The English-only movement as it impacts police officers: interviews with law enforcement personnel 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shekdar, Wendy Jones

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the views of police officers working in a diverse community toward the English-only movement and related language legislation. Using a qualitative approach, this study attempted to fill a gap...

  1. The Acquisition of the BA Construction by English-speaking Learners of Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Hongying

    2012-08-31

    This study examined the acquisition of the BA construction by English-speaking learners of Chinese. The BA construction is a unique yet important grammar phenomenon in Chinese. Whether second language (L2) learners of Chinese are able to understand...

  2. Introduction to Special Issue: Critical Perspectives on Neoliberalism in Second / Foreign Language Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Katie A.; Hellmich, Emily A.; Katznelson, Noah; Shin, Jaran; Vinall, Kimberly

    2015-01-01

    imagining language in education. REFERENCES Barthes, R. (The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved from http://and the promise of higher education: The university as a

  3. Emergency Information Desk Reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopalakrishnan, K.

    Emergency Information Desk Reference ECU Police Department ECU Environmental Health & Safety Revised Feb 2012 #12;Emergency Information Desk Reference 2 INTRODUCTION Emergencies, accidents, and injuries can occur at any time and without warning. ECU has designed this emergency information desk

  4. Language Use in an Old Order Amish Community in Kansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meindl, Joerg

    2009-01-16

    Old Order Amish are a religious group with three languages in its linguistic repertoire: Pennsylvania German (PG), American English (AE), and Amish High German (AHG). The present dissertation examines how this constellation ...

  5. Exploring English Language Learners (ELL) Experiences with Scientific Language and Inquiry within a Real Life Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Algee, Lisa M.

    2012-01-01

    to the effects of the tsunami on the nuclear power plant inand the tsunami had destabilized the nuclear power plant’s

  6. Exploring English Language Learners (ELL) Experiences with Scientific Language and Inquiry within a Real Life Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Algee, Lisa M.

    2012-01-01

    I do not allow animals inside my house here. I believewould never allow an animal in his house after an experienceher house watching the Discovery channel or Animal Planet.

  7. Language Interoperability and Logic Programming Languages 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Jonathan J

    We discuss P#, our implementation of a tool which allows interoperation between a concurrent superset of the Prolog programming language and C#. This enables Prolog to be used as a native implementation language for Microsoft's .NET platform. P...

  8. Literary Influences and Adaptation in the Middle English Kyng Alisaunder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diamond, Geneva

    2008-01-01

    of later Greek and Roman authors. Men like Callisthenes, Ptolemy and Aristobolus recorded their experiences with Alexander’s court and army in the East, and in so doing codified the fundamental facts of his life and achievements. These first generation... five languages: Classical Greek, Classical Latin, Medieval Latin, Anglo-Norman and Middle English. I have presented direct quotes from the Greek texts in Greek script. I use the transliterated form of Greek words, such as polis, when such words...

  9. A review of "Grammar Wars: Language as Cultural Battlefield in England." by Linda C. Mitchell 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melissa Mohr

    2003-01-01

    and English to try to create a perfect language. Ideas of what would constitute this perfect language varied widely from scheme to scheme. Some gram- marians wanted to return to the language Adam invented, spoken world-wide before the Tower of Babel divided...

  10. High frequency reference electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kronberg, J.W.

    1994-05-31

    A high frequency reference electrode for electrochemical experiments comprises a mercury-calomel or silver-silver chloride reference electrode with a layer of platinum around it and a layer of a chemically and electrically resistant material such as TEFLON around the platinum covering all but a small ring or halo' at the tip of the reference electrode, adjacent to the active portion of the reference electrode. The voltage output of the platinum layer, which serves as a redox electrode, and that of the reference electrode are coupled by a capacitor or a set of capacitors and the coupled output transmitted to a standard laboratory potentiostat. The platinum may be applied by thermal decomposition to the surface of the reference electrode. The electrode provides superior high-frequency response over conventional electrodes. 4 figs.

  11. High frequency reference electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kronberg, James W. (Aiken, SC)

    1994-01-01

    A high frequency reference electrode for electrochemical experiments comprises a mercury-calomel or silver-silver chloride reference electrode with a layer of platinum around it and a layer of a chemically and electrically resistant material such as TEFLON around the platinum covering all but a small ring or "halo" at the tip of the reference electrode, adjacent to the active portion of the reference electrode. The voltage output of the platinum layer, which serves as a redox electrode, and that of the reference electrode are coupled by a capacitor or a set of capacitors and the coupled output transmitted to a standard laboratory potentiostat. The platinum may be applied by thermal decomposition to the surface of the reference electrode. The electrode provides superior high-frequency response over conventional electrodes.

  12. Optical voltage reference

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rankin, R.; Kotter, D.

    1994-04-26

    An optical voltage reference for providing an alternative to a battery source is described. The optical reference apparatus provides a temperature stable, high precision, isolated voltage reference through the use of optical isolation techniques to eliminate current and impedance coupling errors. Pulse rate frequency modulation is employed to eliminate errors in the optical transmission link while phase-lock feedback is employed to stabilize the frequency to voltage transfer function. 2 figures.

  13. Optical voltage reference

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rankin, Richard (Ammon, ID); Kotter, Dale (Bingham County, ID)

    1994-01-01

    An optical voltage reference for providing an alternative to a battery source. The optical reference apparatus provides a temperature stable, high precision, isolated voltage reference through the use of optical isolation techniques to eliminate current and impedance coupling errors. Pulse rate frequency modulation is employed to eliminate errors in the optical transmission link while phase-lock feedback is employed to stabilize the frequency to voltage transfer function.

  14. Second Language Education Certificate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of our German, Italian or Spanish Modern Languages pamphlets. This certificate allows you to approach

  15. Sandia Energy - Reference Model Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Documents Home Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Water Power Reference Model Project (RMP) Reference Model Documents Reference Model DocumentsTara Camacho-Lopez2015-05-...

  16. Application Protocol Reference Architecture Application Protocol Reference Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Sinderen, Marten

    Application Protocol Reference Architecture 165 Chapter 7 Application Protocol Reference Architecture This chapter proposes an alternative reference architecture for application protocols. The proposed reference architecture consists of the set of possible architectures for application protocols

  17. HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT REFERENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winfree, Erik

    HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT REFERENCE GUIDE Prepared by Environment, Health and Safety Office@caltech.edu http://safety.caltech.edu #12;Hazardous Waste Management Reference Guide Page 2 of 36 TABLE OF CONTENTS Satellite Accumulation Area 9 Waste Accumulation Facility 10 HAZARDOUS WASTE CONTAINER MANAGEMENT Labeling

  18. Reference Hashed Frank Schilder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    provides the reader with an introduction to hashing lists and how they can be used for linguistic dam data structure for the representation of discourse referents. A so-called hashing list is employed instead a novel data structure for the representation of discourse referents. A/rushing list t

  19. Approved Module Information for LE2012, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Teaching English to Speakers of Other

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for LE2012, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages Module Code: LE2012 School: Languages and Social Sciences Module Type: Standard Module New Module? Not Specified Module Credits: 10 Module Management Information Module Leader Name Sue

  20. A Reference Architecture for Mobile Code Offload in Hostile Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satyanarayanan, Mahadev "Satya"

    , glewis, ejm}@sei.cmu.edu {krha, satya}@cs.cmu.edu Abstract. Handheld mobile technology is reaching firstA Reference Architecture for Mobile Code Offload in Hostile Environments Soumya Simanta,1 Kiryonh language processing, decision making, and mission planning. However, these applications are computation

  1. QUICK REFERENCE: Nexis service 5.1 July 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    off as many as you need. 4. Enter a search term. 5. Click on red search button. Quick ReferenceIndexing TechnologyTM in your search. 3. Search using "Terms and Connectors" or "Natural Language." Choose your preference at the top of the form. 4. Enter your keywords or phrases. 5. To refine search, click on Add

  2. Value of Information References

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Morency, Christina

    2014-12-12

    This file contains a list of relevant references on value of information (VOI) in RIS format. VOI provides a quantitative analysis to evaluate the outcome of the combined technologies (seismology, hydrology, geodesy) used to monitor Brady's Geothermal Field.

  3. Value of Information References

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Morency, Christina

    This file contains a list of relevant references on value of information (VOI) in RIS format. VOI provides a quantitative analysis to evaluate the outcome of the combined technologies (seismology, hydrology, geodesy) used to monitor Brady's Geothermal Field.

  4. Precision displacement reference system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bieg, Lothar F. (Albuquerque, NM); Dubois, Robert R. (Albuquerque, NM); Strother, Jerry D. (Edgewood, NM)

    2000-02-22

    A precision displacement reference system is described, which enables real time accountability over the applied displacement feedback system to precision machine tools, positioning mechanisms, motion devices, and related operations. As independent measurements of tool location is taken by a displacement feedback system, a rotating reference disk compares feedback counts with performed motion. These measurements are compared to characterize and analyze real time mechanical and control performance during operation.

  5. Situating language and consciousness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almotahari, Mahrad

    2011-01-01

    Language and consciousness enrich our lives. But they are rare commodities; most creatures are language-less and unconscious. This dissertation is about the conditions that distinguish the haves from the have-nots. The ...

  6. Reading Michael Ondaatje English 290

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the Boolean operators: AND, OR, NOT. To search indexes, click the tab Databases and enter the title the main concepts, terms and keywords that describe your topic. Check Reference Resources in the subject. 1. Books Search QCAT to find specific titles, authors and redefined subjects. For example: ondaatje

  7. Early English Books on microfilm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    search term in one box, or two if you are combining or excluding terms. You can leave the Search Three. In the next search box, enter the words early english books. Leave the other defaults alone. Now access the catalog (libcat.wichita.edu), change the default to Advanced Search: Step Two. Place your

  8. Masters programmes taught in English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries Environmental management positions in industry and with governmentMaster´s programmes taught in English Chemical and Pharmaceutical Engineering Technical Chemistry Mathematics 2015/2016 #12;Master`s programme in Chemical and Pharmaceutical Engineering Career Opportunities

  9. Aluminum reference electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sadoway, Donald R. (Belmont, MA)

    1988-01-01

    A stable reference electrode for use in monitoring and controlling the process of electrolytic reduction of a metal. In the case of Hall cell reduction of aluminum, the reference electrode comprises a pool of molten aluminum and a solution of molten cryolite, Na.sub.3 AlF.sub.6, wherein the electrical connection to the molten aluminum does not contact the highly corrosive molten salt solution. This is accomplished by altering the density of either the aluminum (decreasing the density) or the electrolyte (increasing the density) so that the aluminum floats on top of the molten salt solution.

  10. Aluminum reference electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sadoway, D.R.

    1988-08-16

    A stable reference electrode is described for use in monitoring and controlling the process of electrolytic reduction of a metal. In the case of Hall cell reduction of aluminum, the reference electrode comprises a pool of molten aluminum and a solution of molten cryolite, Na[sub 3]AlF[sub 6], wherein the electrical connection to the molten aluminum does not contact the highly corrosive molten salt solution. This is accomplished by altering the density of either the aluminum (decreasing the density) or the electrolyte (increasing the density) so that the aluminum floats on top of the molten salt solution. 1 fig.

  11. Multifunctional reference electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Redey, L.; Vissers, D.R.

    1981-12-30

    A multifunctional, low mass reference electrode of a nickel tube, thermocouple means inside the nickel tube electrically insulated therefrom for measuring the temperature thereof, a housing surrounding the nickel tube, an electrolyte having a fixed sulfide ion activity between the housing and the outer surface of the nickel tube forming the nickel/nickel sulfide/sulfide half-cell are described. An ion diffusion barrier is associated with the housing in contact with the electrolyte. Also disclosed is a cell using the reference electrode to measure characteristics of a working electrode.

  12. Haitian Creole-English English-Haitian Creole Medical Dictionary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    1992-01-01

    . - noun occ. - occasionally pej. - pejorative pi. - plural prep. - preposition sh. - short s.o. - someone usu. - usually v. - verb var. - variety 16 HAITIAN CREOLE - ENGLISH MEDICAL DICTIONARY A a the; to, at, in, on a, ava, va (future tense..., buttocks; rear; bottom, base arèt " tail bone, coccyx be - buttocks bourik donkey bous scrotum bousol blister; bump; hump; hives bousoufle to bloat, puff up boustouklouz louse (pi. lice) bout stump, stub (of limb) boutèy bottle bouton button...

  13. Grant Reference Lead / Sole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rank Overall Score Grant Reference Lead / Sole Grant Grant Holder Research Organisation Project of Birmingham Controls on Soil Carbon Export revealed by Novel Tracers on multiple timescales (SCENT) Standard Grant DEC12 8 8 NE/K011871/1 N Melanie Leng NERC British Geological Survey A 500,000-year environmental

  14. A Prototype English-Japanese Machine Translation System for Translating IBM Computer Manuals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Prototype English-Japanese Machine Translation System for Translating IBM Computer Manuals TaiJiro Tsutsumi Natural Language Processing Science Institute, IBM Japan, Ltd. 5-19, Sanban-cho, Chlyoda-ku Tokyo developed at the Sci- ence Institute of IBM Japan, Ltd. This MT system cur- rently aims at the translation

  15. OSH technical reference manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-01

    In an evaluation of the Department of Energy (DOE) Occupational Safety and Health programs for government-owned contractor-operated (GOCO) activities, the Department of Labor`s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recommended a technical information exchange program. The intent was to share written safety and health programs, plans, training manuals, and materials within the entire DOE community. The OSH Technical Reference (OTR) helps support the secretary`s response to the OSHA finding by providing a one-stop resource and referral for technical information that relates to safe operations and practice. It also serves as a technical information exchange tool to reference DOE-wide materials pertinent to specific safety topics and, with some modification, as a training aid. The OTR bridges the gap between general safety documents and very specific requirements documents. It is tailored to the DOE community and incorporates DOE field experience.

  16. Language Independence and Language Tolerance in Logic Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Hudson

    Language Independence and Language Tolerance in Logic Programs Norman McCain and Hudson Turner of a logic program depend in general upon both the rules of the program and its language. However of the program in only a restricted way. In this paper, we de ne notions of language independence and language

  17. Is That What I Sound Like When I Speak?: Attitudes Towards Spanish, English, and Code-Switching in Two Texas Border Towns 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rangel, Natalie

    2013-08-28

    The present study observes and compares the language attitudes towards standard English, standard Spanish, and code-switching in two U.S. and Mexico border cities (Laredo and Edinburg) by employing the matched-guise technique ...

  18. Appendix A: Reference case

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0ProvedDecade2,948 2,724 2,570Month PreviousDry4,645 8244 Reference

  19. Appendix A: Reference case

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0ProvedDecade2,948 2,724 2,570Month PreviousDry4,645 8244 Reference6

  20. Appendix A: Reference case

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0ProvedDecade2,948 2,724 2,570Month PreviousDry4,645 8244 Reference64

  1. Appendix A: Reference case

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0ProvedDecade2,948 2,724 2,570Month PreviousDry4,645 82444 Reference

  2. Appendix A: Reference case

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0ProvedDecade2,948 2,724 2,570Month PreviousDry4,645 82444 Reference6

  3. Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint References | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    References Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint References footprintreferences.pdf More Documents & Publications 2010 Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints: References...

  4. A Type-Based Locality Analysis for a Functional Distributed Language 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreira, Alvaro F

    In this thesis we give a type-based analysis for an ML-like distributed language that detects references certain not to escape from one processor to another. We assume a model of distribution based on distributed shared ...

  5. The Effects of Bilingual Education on Language, Achievement, and Self-Efficacy of Hispanic Students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hewitt, Lisa A.

    2010-01-14

    Much controversy exists surrounding the education of Hispanic English Language Learners (ELLs). This large and growing group presents significant challenges to educators. Foremost among these challenges is the question of whether bilingual...

  6. Ensure Program Correctness Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng-Wei

    Ensure Program Correctness Programming Languages and Formal Methods Research Group Lab Coordinator Bow-Yaw Wang The Programming Languages and Formal Methods Research Group develops techniques to help ensure program correctness. Our research in programming languages focuses on syntactic, semantic

  7. Coal data: A reference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-02-01

    This report, Coal Data: A Reference, summarizes basic information on the mining and use of coal, an important source of energy in the US. This report is written for a general audience. The goal is to cover basic material and strike a reasonable compromise between overly generalized statements and detailed analyses. The section ``Supplemental Figures and Tables`` contains statistics, graphs, maps, and other illustrations that show trends, patterns, geographic locations, and similar coal-related information. The section ``Coal Terminology and Related Information`` provides additional information about terms mentioned in the text and introduces some new terms. The last edition of Coal Data: A Reference was published in 1991. The present edition contains updated data as well as expanded reviews and additional information. Added to the text are discussions of coal quality, coal prices, unions, and strikes. The appendix has been expanded to provide statistics on a variety of additional topics, such as: trends in coal production and royalties from Federal and Indian coal leases, hours worked and earnings for coal mine employment, railroad coal shipments and revenues, waterborne coal traffic, coal export loading terminals, utility coal combustion byproducts, and trace elements in coal. The information in this report has been gleaned mainly from the sources in the bibliography. The reader interested in going beyond the scope of this report should consult these sources. The statistics are largely from reports published by the Energy Information Administration.

  8. APPL: A Probability Programming Language Maj. Andrew G. GLEN, Diane L. EVANS, and Lawrence M. LEEMIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leemis, Larry

    APPL: A Probability Programming Language Maj. Andrew G. GLEN, Diane L. EVANS, and Lawrence M having arbitrary distributions. This arti- cle presents a prototype probability package named APPL (A probability software package, referred to as "A Prob- ability Programming Language" (APPL), that fills

  9. Indigenous Language Education in Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawan, Ciwas

    2009-01-01

    of indigenous history in Taiwan, 1-23. Taipei: Avanguardtextbook: Paiwan Language. Pingtung, Taiwan. ———. 1993b.Rukai Language. Pingtung, Taiwan. Song, S—T. 1995. The

  10. Tank characterization reference guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Lorenzo, D.S.; DiCenso, A.T.; Hiller, D.B.; Johnson, K.W.; Rutherford, J.H.; Smith, D.J. [Los Alamos Technical Associates, Kennewick, WA (United States); Simpson, B.C. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1994-09-01

    Characterization of the Hanford Site high-level waste storage tanks supports safety issue resolution; operations and maintenance requirements; and retrieval, pretreatment, vitrification, and disposal technology development. Technical, historical, and programmatic information about the waste tanks is often scattered among many sources, if it is documented at all. This Tank Characterization Reference Guide, therefore, serves as a common location for much of the generic tank information that is otherwise contained in many documents. The report is intended to be an introduction to the issues and history surrounding the generation, storage, and management of the liquid process wastes, and a presentation of the sampling, analysis, and modeling activities that support the current waste characterization. This report should provide a basis upon which those unfamiliar with the Hanford Site tank farms can start their research.

  11. Nuclear Science References Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Pritychenko; E. B?ták; B. Singh; J. Totans

    2014-07-08

    The Nuclear Science References (NSR) database together with its associated Web interface, is the world's only comprehensive source of easily accessible low- and intermediate-energy nuclear physics bibliographic information for more than 210,000 articles since the beginning of nuclear science. The weekly-updated NSR database provides essential support for nuclear data evaluation, compilation and research activities. The principles of the database and Web application development and maintenance are described. Examples of nuclear structure, reaction and decay applications are specifically included. The complete NSR database is freely available at the websites of the National Nuclear Data Center http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nsr and the International Atomic Energy Agency http://www-nds.iaea.org/nsr.

  12. Gemini: A Natural Language System for Spoken-Language Understanding*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for spoken language applications. This paper describes the details of the system, and includes rele- vant

  13. Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on South and Southeast Asian Natural Language Processing (SANLP), pages 211220, COLING 2012, Mumbai, December 2012.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ), pages 211­220, COLING 2012, Mumbai, December 2012. Automatic Searching for English-Vietnamese Documents language processing. In addition, bilingual corpora are useful for mapping linguistic tags of less popular corpora are also used to map linguistic tags from English to other languages (Dien, 2003). Hence, building

  14. Translation and Extension of Concepts Across Languages Dmitry Davidov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rappoport, Ari

    of available information. Thus, if we are looking for information about some lexical category where terms and more category instances in a salient language such as English. To obtain such information, we need of Jerusalem dmitry@alice.nc.huji.ac.il Ari Rappoport Institute of Computer Science The Hebrew University

  15. SIMULATING CHILDREN'S NULL SUBJECTS: AN EARLY LANGUAGE GENERATION MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SIMULATING CHILDREN'S NULL SUBJECTS: AN EARLY LANGUAGE GENERATION MODEL Carole T. Boster Department, the model addresses the issue of why missing or phonetically "null" subjects appear as often as they do are that an output generator successfullyapproximates the null-subject output patterns found in English

  16. A compiler writing language 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richers, Louis William

    1967-01-01

    "pure" language nor is it intended to be a language with which to write efficient production- type compilers. CHAPTER I I BASIC CONCEPTS CWL is similar to other problem-oriented computer languages in structure and in the manner in which... then be used in procedures and within program loops. Consider the following statements: (LABEL 1) BEGIN J = J + l. MOVE TAB TO CHAR(J). END (STEP2) FOR I, LE. 72 BEGIN IF CHAR (I) = '. ' THEN GO TO FINISH. END (STEP3) The names within parentheses...

  17. Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cree, Johnathan V.; Dansu, A.; Fuhr, P.; Lanzisera, Steven M.; McIntyre, T.; Muehleisen, Ralph T.; Starke, M.; Banerjee, Pranab; Kuruganti, T.; Castello, C.

    2013-04-01

    The Buildings Technologies Office (BTO), within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), is initiating a new program in Sensor and Controls. The vision of this program is: • Buildings operating automatically and continuously at peak energy efficiency over their lifetimes and interoperating effectively with the electric power grid. • Buildings that are self-configuring, self-commissioning, self-learning, self-diagnosing, self-healing, and self-transacting to enable continuous peak performance. • Lower overall building operating costs and higher asset valuation. The overarching goal is to capture 30% energy savings by enhanced management of energy consuming assets and systems through development of cost-effective sensors and controls. One step in achieving this vision is the publication of this Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide. The purpose of the guide is to inform building owners and operators of the current status, capabilities, and limitations of sensor technologies. It is hoped that this guide will aid in the design and procurement process and result in successful implementation of building sensor and control systems. DOE will also use this guide to identify research priorities, develop future specifications for potential market adoption, and provide market clarity through unbiased information

  18. Optical probe with reference fiber

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Da Silva, Luiz B. (Danville, CA); Chase, Charles L. (Dublin, CA)

    2006-03-14

    A system for characterizing tissue includes the steps of generating an emission signal, generating a reference signal, directing the emission signal to and from the tissue, directing the reference signal in a predetermined manner relative to the emission signal, and using the reference signal to compensate the emission signal. In one embodiment compensation is provided for fluctuations in light delivery to the tip of the probe due to cable motion.

  19. Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications, III aerosols: Issue 164

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Razuvaev, V.N.; Ssivachok, S.G. [All-Russian Research Inst. of Hydrometeorological Information-World Data Center, Obninsk (Russian Federation)

    1995-10-01

    This report presents abstracts in Russian and translated into English of important Russian-language literature concerning aerosols as they relate to climate change. In addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  20. Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications. 4: General circulation models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burtis, M.D.; Razuvaev, V.N.; Sivachok, S.G.

    1996-10-01

    This report presents English-translated abstracts of important Russian-language literature concerning general circulation models as they relate to climate change. Into addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  1. Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications: II, Clouds. Issue 159

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burtis, M.D.

    1994-01-01

    This report presents abstracts (translated into English) of important Russian-language literature concerning clouds as they relate to climate change. In addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  2. Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications: I, Surface energy budget

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burtis, M.D.

    1992-09-01

    This report presents abstracts (translated into English) of important Russian-language literature concerning the surface energy budget as it relates to climate change. In addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included, to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  3. FAQS Reference Guide – Construction Management

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the March 2004 edition of DOE-STD-1180-2004, Construction Management Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  4. FAQS Reference Guide – Industrial Hygiene

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the November 2007 edition of DOE-STD-1138-2007, Industrial Hygiene Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  5. FAQS Reference Guide – Emergency Management

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the January 2004 edition of DOE-STD-1177-2004, Emergency Management Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  6. FAQS Reference Guide- Chemical Processing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the February 2010 edition of DOE-STD-1176-2010, Chemical Processing Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  7. FAQS Reference Guide – Environmental Compliance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the June 2011 edition of DOE-STD-1156-2011, Environmental Compliance Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  8. Ris Energy Report 5 References References for Chapter 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø Energy Report 5 References References for Chapter 3 1. UNEP. (2006). Background paper for the ministerial-level consultations on energy and environment for development. Ninth special session energy outlook 2005. Paris: IEA. 3. IEA. (2003). World energy investment outlook. Paris: IEA. 4. World

  9. Ris Energy Report 6 References Reference list for Chapter 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø Energy Report 6 References Reference list for Chapter 3 1. European Commission. (2007). Communication from the Commis- sion to the European Council and the European Parliament ­ An energy policy of the Brussels European Council 8/9 March 2007. Brussels. (7224/1/07 Rev. 1). 3. Danish Energy authority. (2007

  10. Verb argument structure deficits in Spanish-speaking preschoolers with specific language impairment who are English language learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon-Cereijido, Gabriela

    2009-01-01

    ground in early childhood education: Declining workforceTask Force on Early Childhood Education for Hispanics. (Task Force on Early Childhood Education for Hispanics,

  11. Language proficiency, home-language status, and English vocabulary development: A longitudinal follow-up of the Word Generation program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Joshua Fahey; Capotosto, Lauren; Branum-Martin, Lee; White, Claire; Snow, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    Kucan, L. (2002). Bringing words to life: Robust vocabularyof unknown vocabulary words in text as a function of theA. (2000). A new academic word list. TESOL Quarterly, 34 (

  12. Diminutive Nouns and Verbs in Slovene Compared to Their English Equivalents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sicherl, Eva

    2013-01-01

    (see, for example, Bauer 2002, 1678). It is also worth noting that most of these formations in Slovene have been imported from foreign languages (usually English, often via German) as anglicisms or have been partly calqued (e.g., miniskirt > minikrilo.... Adams (2001, 55–58) covers diminutives in more de- tail, listing eight nominal suffixes with (partly) diminutive meaning. Further, Bauer (2002, 1677–78) lists five regular suffixes, two prefixes, and a few irregular or his- torical forms. Schneider...

  13. Archived Reference Building Type: Warehouse

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  14. Archived Reference Building Type: Warehouse

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  15. Topics in Programming Languages! ! CISC 860*! ! ! Fall 2014! !The Structure and Design of Programming Languages!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordy, James R.

    Topics in Programming Languages! ! CISC 860*! ! ! Fall 2014! !The Structure and Design of Programming Languages! !An advanced course in the design and evaluation of programming languages: history and evolution of programming languages, relation to programming methodology; principles of programming language

  16. Guidance Counselors Reference Guide to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viola, Ronald

    Social Studies · Life Science · Physical Science Early Childhood Education · Non-licensure option · Pre+2 program Early Childhood Education · Non-licensure, fast-track, online-only option for transfer students Childhood Education · Mathematics · Reading and Language Arts · Science · Social Studies Education: 2

  17. Language acquisition and implication for language change: A computational model. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Robert A J

    1997-01-01

    Computer modeling techniques, when applied to language acquisition problems, give an often unrealized insight into the diachronic change that occurs in language over successive generations. This paper shows that using ...

  18. Language switching in bilinguals: Understanding of Bilinguals’ Language Production 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purmohammad, Mehdi

    2012-09-12

    bilingual language production. The effect of the grammar of the other language increased in the switch conditions. More inappropriate responses observed when switching from bilinguals’ L2 to L1. I interpret the results in terms of Hartsuiker and Pickering...

  19. Approved Module Information for LE2053, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Variations of English Module Code: LE2053

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for LE2053, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Variations of English Module Code: LE2053 School: Languages and Social Sciences Module Type: Standard Module New Module? Not Specified Module Credits: 20 Module Management Information Module Leader Name Jack Grieve Email Address grievej1

  20. Turtle: A Constraint Imperative Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hofstedt, Petra

    Turtle: A Constraint Imperative Programming Language Martin Grabm¨uller and Petra Hofstedt of the programming language Turtle, which inte- grates declarative constraints and imperative language elements Introduction Programming languages can be divided into two main categories: imperative and declarative

  1. Sandia Energy - Technical Reference for Hydrogen Compatibility...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Technical Reference for Hydrogen Compatibility of Materials Home Transportation Energy Hydrogen Materials & Components Compatibility Technical Reference for Hydrogen Compatibility...

  2. Theoretical Problems of Thesaurus Building with Particular Reference to Concept Formation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soergel, Dagobert

    Theoretical Problems of Thesaurus Building with Particular Reference to Concept Formation. Dagobert ideas. #12;- 2 - Outline A Definitions B Functions of a thesaurus B 1 Functions of the indexing language logical structure and request-oriented indexing through the checklist technique B 4 Complex thesaurus

  3. Film/Literature Independent Study English 499

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Film/Literature Independent Study English 499 Syllabus Instructor: Office: Office phone: Email address: English Dept. Phone: 360-546-9441 Overview The goal of the Film/Literature Independent Study is to help students concentrate on a particular film or literary issue or topic. This independent study

  4. Language Impairment in Multiple Sclerosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stahl, Hillary

    2011-11-23

    There is little research on language involvement in MS, though the studies that do exist indicate a wide variety of language impairments. No comprehensive study has yet been done investigating MS abilities in all the major ...

  5. Natural language and spatial reasoning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tellex, Stefanie, 1980-

    2010-01-01

    Making systems that understand language has long been a dream of artificial intelligence. This thesis develops a model for understanding language about space and movement in realistic situations. The system understands ...

  6. A Linguistics Oriented Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan R.

    1973-02-01

    A programming language for natural language processing programs is described. Examples of the output of programs written using it are given. The reasons for various design decisions are discussed. An actual session with ...

  7. SPEECH-LANGUAGE-HEARING CLINIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    SPEECH-LANGUAGE- HEARING CLINIC AT OSU-TULSA The OSU-Tulsa Speech-Language-Hearing Clinic provides comprehensive services to the Tulsa metropolitan area while offering training opportunities for graduate communication (AAC) OSU-TULSA SPEECH-LANGUAGE-HEARING CLINIC North Hall 391 700 N. Greenwood Avenue Tulsa, OK

  8. Language Issues for Cognitive Radio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kokar, Mieczyslaw M.

    INVITED P A P E R Language Issues for Cognitive Radio Computer languages that may be useful for expressing cognitive radio concepts are identified and evaluated in this tutorial paper. By Mieczyslaw M aspects of formal languages in the context of cognitive radio. A bottom up approach is taken in which

  9. Sounds & Music Is language special?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulson, Seana

    Sounds & Music #12;Is language special? · "Language is a complex, specialized skill, which develops abilities to process information or behave intelligently." (Pinker, 1995: 18) #12;What about music? LANGUAGE cognitive abilities MUSIC · Complex skill · Exists in all human cultures · Develops in child spontaneously

  10. Programming Languages --Trends in Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, David A.

    Programming Languages -- Trends in Education David A Watt Department of Computing Science, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland. E­mail: daw@dcs.gla.ac.uk. Abstract Programming languages component of the curriculum, and the choice of languages in which students learn to program has a major

  11. Stochastic Programming from Modeling Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gondzio, Jacek

    i i i i Chapter 1 Stochastic Programming from Modeling Languages Emmanuel Fragni`ere1 and Jacek for mathematical programs. Algebraic modeling languages provide facility for the management of a math- ematical to deal with uncertain future 1 #12;i i i i 2 Chapter 1. Stochastic Programming from Modeling Languages

  12. Understanding and representing natural language meaning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waltz, D.L.; Maran, L.R.; Dorfman, M.H.; Dinitz, R.; Farwell, D.

    1982-12-01

    During this contract period the authors have: (a) continued investigation of events and actions by means of representation schemes called 'event shape diagrams'; (b) written a parsing program which selects appropriate word and sentence meanings by a parallel process known as activation and inhibition; (c) begun investigation of the point of a story or event by modeling the motivations and emotional behaviors of story characters; (d) started work on combining and translating two machine-readable dictionaries into a lexicon and knowledge base which will form an integral part of our natural language understanding programs; (e) made substantial progress toward a general model for the representation of cognitive relations by comparing English scene and event descriptions with similar descriptions in other languages; (f) constructed a general model for the representation of tense and aspect of verbs; (g) made progress toward the design of an integrated robotics system which accepts English requests, and uses visual and tactile inputs in making decisions and learning new tasks.

  13. SAM Photovoltaic Model Technical Reference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SAM Photovoltaic Model Technical Reference P. Gilman National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technical Report NRELTP-6A20-64102 May 2015 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S....

  14. Emergency Preparedness Desk Reference Manual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    Emergency Preparedness Desk Reference Manual Important Phone Numbers Medical Emergencies / Hazardous Material Fire Emergencies Vehicle Accidents Evacuation Weather Emergencies Building/System Problem or Failure Threat of Violence Terrorism Interpersonal Emergencies Next Page >>> #12;Important Phone Numbers

  15. FAQS Reference Guide – Occupational Safety

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the July 2011 version of DOE-STD-1160-2011, Occupational Safety Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  16. Safeguards and Security Program References

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2005-08-26

    The manual establishes definitions for terms related to the Department of Energy Safeguards and Security (S&S) Program and includes lists of references and acronyms/abbreviations applicable to S&S Program directives. Cancels the Safeguards and Security Glossary of Terms, dated 12-18-95. Current Safeguards and Security Program References can also be found at Safeguards and Security Policy Information Resource (http://pir.pnl.gov/)

  17. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, College Edition (Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston MA, 1976).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    .P. Maloney, "Effect of written text on usage of Newton's third law," J. Res. Sci Teach. 28 (2), 123-140 (1991 Matthews, and E.A. Silver, "Results of the third NAEP Mathematics Assessment: Secondary school," Math-331 (1992). R. Duit, "Understanding energy as a conserved quantity," Eur. J. Sci. Educ. 3, 201-301 (1981). R

  18. An Alternative Oral Proficiency and Expressive Vocabulary Assessment of Kindergarten English Language Learners 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walichowski, Miranda Fernande

    2011-02-22

    CHAPTER Page Purpose of Tests ........................................................ 79 Purpose of CBA... ......................................................... 79 Standardized and Commercial Tests ......................... 80 Quality CBA ................................................................ 81 Teachers and CBA ..................................................... 82 Assessing...

  19. Examining the nature of deaf children's vocabulary learning : British Sign Language (BSL) and written English 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warnock, Kristen

    2006-01-01

    The present study had three aims: firstly, we wished to examine the nature of deaf children’s semantic representations on ‘familiar’ and ‘less familiar’ vocabulary items (determined by naming ability). Four tasks were ...

  20. Principals' perceptions of autonomy to implement change for English language learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valdivia, Isabel Patricia

    2012-01-01

    learning environments, monitoring of student achievement, increased opportunities for learning and focused

  1. ¿Vecinos o Enemigos?: Latino National Identity and the Debate over English as the National Language 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Donathan Lawrence

    2012-07-16

    The intersection of race, rhetoric and public policy, particularly pertaining to Latino politics, is a growing area of development. Albeit historically, most immigrants to America faced similar questions of cultural and ...

  2. An Evaluation of English as a Foreign Language Textbooks for Secondary Schools in Angola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henriques, Simao

    2009-01-01

    for vocabulary learning, and points of grammar). The Angola Secondary Schools employ two textbooks: One for Grade 7 and another one for Grade 8. Both textbooks were designed by the Ministry of Education of Angola under the National Institute for the Development...

  3. Collecting, analyzing, interpreting : using mathematical graphs to promote ASL and English academic language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colvin, Rachael Marie

    2010-01-01

    In fact, I had to draw popsicle sticks to select studentsI drew names from four popsicle sticks that each had oneI drew names from four popsicle sticks that had one name of

  4. ?Muestreme el dinero!: assessing the linkage between Latino school superintendents and English language learner program resources 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theobald, Nick Andrew

    2009-05-15

    &M University in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degre of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair of Commite, Kenneth J. Meier Commite Members, B. Dan Wood Wiliam F. West Donald R. Dere Head of Department: Patricia A. Hurley... Obispo Chair of Advisory Commite: Dr. Kenneth J. Meier A central question in racial and ethnic politics is whether bureaucratic representation benefits minorities. The theory of bureaucratic representation suggests that pasive representation...

  5. Aligning the Next Generation Science Standards With Science Instruction for English Language Learners 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macias, Rebecca

    2014-10-07

    of the lessons which we know is a crucial basis since students are tested on these skills. The NGSS, TEKS, and ELP standards are all vital elements that need to work cohesively and have an equal important role in ELLs’ academic learning which is why all three... scientist work and think and in order for thoughts to effectively generate literacy support needs to be there. 17 Lesson Plans The unit learned for that week was Mixtures and Solutions. The most vital piece of information that the lesson plan...

  6. Presentation of social identity and language use among bilingual Korean English speakers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Yoon Joo

    2011-01-01

    web pages. The interview and web pages data were primarilychoices in particular web pages and their rationale forthem to show me their web pages and any online websites as

  7. An Examination of the Predictive Validity of Early Literacy Measures for Korean English Language Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nam, Jeanie Eunjoo

    2011-01-01

    learners: support for an RTI model. The California Schoolto Intervention (RtI)………………………………………….. Standards forResponse to Intervention (RtI) Given the benefits of early

  8. Positivity of the English Language Isabel M. Kloumann1,4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danforth, Chris

    Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any mediumG). KDH was supported by VT-NASA EPSCoR. PSD was supported by NSF CAREER Award # 0846668

  9. The Use of Language and Culture: Does Speaking a Non-English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    Australia, Austria, Barbados, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Cambodia,countries include Australia, Barbados, Canada, Ghana, Honglanguage(s) are Australia, Barbados, Canada, Ghana, Hong

  10. Native English Speakers' Second Language Learning Choices, Motivation, and Persistence During Postsecondary Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majeed, Kamaal Ahsan

    2013-01-01

    be addressed in teacher training modules. Also, a study ofcurricula and teacher training modules they designed and the

  11. English language learners' reading self-efficacy and achievement using 1:1 mobile learning devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walters, Jennifer L.

    2012-01-01

    when mobile learning devices and mobile learning tasks areinteraction with mobile devices and services. SpringerTechnology Learning Devices Mobile learning devices afford

  12. Preservice Teachers' Observations about Theatre as a Teaching Tool for English Language Learners 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiese, Rachel

    2014-12-08

    in casual settings around Castiglion Fiorentino such as the common areas of the Santa Chiara Study Center where the preservice teachers stayed and a local café. The mid-trip interviews lasted about fifteen minutes and consisted of questions regarding initial...

  13. English as a second language teachers' perceptions and use of classroom-based reading assessment. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Yueming

    2006-04-12

    and how are they used? 2) What are ESL teachersÂ? perceptions regarding the function and effectiveness of classroom-based reading assessments? 3) What and how do external factors influence ESL teachersÂ? use of classroom-based reading assessments? 4) What...

  14. Common Core State English Language Arts Standards Lesson 1: What I Know About the Aurora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    , or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations, or interactive elements on Web pages in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. Speaking writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. W.3.7, W

  15. English language learners' reading self-efficacy and achievement using 1:1 mobile learning devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walters, Jennifer L.

    2012-01-01

    resource. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, 1-23. Sharples,science issues in ubiquitous computing. Communications ofcoined the term “ubiquitous computing” to characterize the

  16. The Power of Our Bilingual Voices : : Translanguaging with Middle School English Language Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreno, Valine

    2014-01-01

    along the Pacific Ocean occupied by a military shipyard.One mile north of the shipyard is an interstate highway.by the highways and industrial shipyard. At the time of

  17. REFERENCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-08-23

    Mechanism of Fluid Displacement in Sands. Trans. Am. Inst. Min. Metall. Eng.,. 146: 107-116. Chaudhari, N.M., 1971. An Improved Numerical Technique for ...

  18. REFERENCES

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5 United States Code (U.S.C.) Section 552a. . b. P.L. 104-106, Division E, Clinger Cohen Act (CCA) (formerly Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996. c. P.L....

  19. Roget's Thesaurus as a Lexical Resource for Natural Language Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarmasz, Mario

    2012-01-01

    WordNet proved that it is possible to construct a large-scale electronic lexical database on the principles of lexical semantics. It has been accepted and used extensively by computational linguists ever since it was released. Inspired by WordNet's success, we propose as an alternative a similar resource, based on the 1987 Penguin edition of Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases. Peter Mark Roget published his first Thesaurus over 150 years ago. Countless writers, orators and students of the English language have used it. Computational linguists have employed Roget's for almost 50 years in Natural Language Processing, however hesitated in accepting Roget's Thesaurus because a proper machine tractable version was not available. This dissertation presents an implementation of a machine-tractable version of the 1987 Penguin edition of Roget's Thesaurus - the first implementation of its kind to use an entire current edition. It explains the steps necessary for taking a machine-readable file and transform...

  20. Selected Translated Abstracts of Chinese-Language Climate Change Publications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cushman, R.M.; Burtis, M.D.

    1999-05-01

    This report contains English-translated abstracts of important Chinese-language literature concerning global climate change for the years 1995-1998. This body of literature includes the topics of adaptation, ancient climate change, climate variation, the East Asia monsoon, historical climate change, impacts, modeling, and radiation and trace-gas emissions. In addition to the biological citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Chinese. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  1. Fast Reference-Based MRI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weizman, Lior; Ben-Basaht, Dafna

    2015-01-01

    In many clinical MRI scenarios, existing imaging information can be used to significantly shorten acquisition time or to improve Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR). In some cases, a previously acquired image can serve as a reference image, that may exhibit similarity to the image being acquired. Examples include similarity between adjacent slices in high resolution MRI, similarity between various contrasts in the same scan and similarity between different scans of the same patient. In this paper we present a general framework for utilizing reference images for fast MRI. We take into account that the reference image may exhibit low similarity with the acquired image and develop an iterative weighted approach for reconstruction, which tunes the weights according to the degree of similarity. Experiments demonstrate the performance of the method in three different clinical MRI scenarios: SNR improvement in high resolution brain MRI, utilizing similarity between T2-weighted and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR)...

  2. TORCH Computational Reference Kernels - A Testbed for Computer Science Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaiser, Alex; Williams, Samuel Webb; Madduri, Kamesh; Ibrahim, Khaled; Bailey, David H.; Demmel, James W.; Strohmaier, Erich

    2010-12-02

    For decades, computer scientists have sought guidance on how to evolve architectures, languages, and programming models in order to improve application performance, efficiency, and productivity. Unfortunately, without overarching advice about future directions in these areas, individual guidance is inferred from the existing software/hardware ecosystem, and each discipline often conducts their research independently assuming all other technologies remain fixed. In today's rapidly evolving world of on-chip parallelism, isolated and iterative improvements to performance may miss superior solutions in the same way gradient descent optimization techniques may get stuck in local minima. To combat this, we present TORCH: A Testbed for Optimization ResearCH. These computational reference kernels define the core problems of interest in scientific computing without mandating a specific language, algorithm, programming model, or implementation. To compliment the kernel (problem) definitions, we provide a set of algorithmically-expressed verification tests that can be used to verify a hardware/software co-designed solution produces an acceptable answer. Finally, to provide some illumination as to how researchers have implemented solutions to these problems in the past, we provide a set of reference implementations in C and MATLAB.

  3. Title: Information theory Reference: 13791

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Overill, Richard E.

    environment or communicates with others. One of the fundamental tenets of information theory a spate of publications appeared applying information theory to many aspects of music analysisTitle: Information theory Reference: 13791 Sort key: informationtheory Version: 3.0 Revision

  4. / R Reference May 25, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loon, E. Emiel van

    of time searching for a simple way to do what I wanted, but at the end of the semester, I was pleasantly that the entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a permission notice identical to this one, Matlab / R Reference 2 Contents 1 Help 3 2 Entering/building/indexing matrices 3 2.1 Cell arrays

  5. Reference Workbook: Pollution Prevention Plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Reference Workbook: Pollution Prevention Plans DOE FRAP 1994-35 Prepared for: I Environment Canada Environmental Protection Fraser Pollution Abatement Office 224 West Esplanade North Vancouver, B Pollution Abatement Office. Environment Canada is not responsible for the content of this report but has

  6. References: Elmasri/Navathe:Fundamentals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brass, Stefan

    7. SQL I 7­1 Part 7: SQL I References: . Elmasri/Navathe:Fundamentals of Database Systems, 3rd Edition, 1999. Chap. 8, ``SQL --- The Relational Database Standard'' (Sect. 8.2, 8.3.3, part of 8. . Date/Darwen: A Guide to the SQL Standard, Fourth Edition, Addison­Wesley , 1997. . Date: A Guide

  7. EMERGENCY PROCEDURES QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frantz, Kyle J.

    1 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE GSU EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT 404-413-0783 GSU POLICE: 404-413-3333 ATLANTA FIRE RESUCE: 911 #12;2 Emergency Response - Order of Priority In any emergency situation, Georgia infrastructure and facilities 3. Resume our research and educational programs Emergency Action Levels: A. Level 1

  8. The acquisition of ergative languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pye, Clifton

    1990-01-05

    -neutral notions rather than onto the language-specific categories of meaning in the adult language. His discussion of the acquisition of accusative and ergative inflections assumes that both are initially unanalyzed units associated with the manipulative activity... marking, word order, etc., seems to reflect the morphological pattern of the adult lan-guage from the beginning. Pinker (1984) addresses the acquisition of morphological ergativity in several sections of his book. He employs the mechanism of semantic...

  9. A Reference Grammar of Oklahoma Cherokee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery-Anderson, Brad

    2008-08-15

    of jurisdiction and membership and, for a Native American tribe, has a large number of speakers of its heritage language. It has been suggested that the Cherokee syllabary has played a role in the maintenance of the language. Richard Allen states that, ?It.... There is a growing body of literature on the recent efforts towards language maintenance. Studies of the immersion experience are in Peter (2003), Peter (2007), Oosahwee (2008), and Peter et. al. (2008). Hirata-Edds et al. (2003) discusses training...

  10. Grammar as a Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowe, Neil

    1976-10-01

    This paper discusses some student projects involving generative grammars. While grammars are usually associated with linguisitics, their usefuleness goes far beyond just "language" to make different domains. Their ...

  11. Language Maintenance And Language Renewal Among Cherokee People in Oklahoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Barbara J.

    1992-01-01

    to forfeit culture and language. Today remnants of some Indian tribes are striving to find ways to maintain or renew their own languages. This paper explores some of the issues involved, and then focuses on efforts to maintain and renew Oklahoma Cherokee....

  12. An Interpretive Case Study of Stakeholders' Perceptions on the Enrollment and Progression of African American Students in High School Foreign Language Courses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoener III, Herbert

    2012-10-19

    The "achievement gap" is a common term in Texas public education, often referring to academic differences in achievement among student ethnic groups within the core curriculum. Seldom is Foreign Language referenced in, nor even considered relevant...

  13. Microgrid cyber security reference architecture.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veitch, Cynthia K.; Henry, Jordan M.; Richardson, Bryan T.; Hart, Derek H.

    2013-07-01

    This document describes a microgrid cyber security reference architecture. First, we present a high-level concept of operations for a microgrid, including operational modes, necessary power actors, and the communication protocols typically employed. We then describe our motivation for designing a secure microgrid; in particular, we provide general network and industrial control system (ICS)-speci c vulnerabilities, a threat model, information assurance compliance concerns, and design criteria for a microgrid control system network. Our design approach addresses these concerns by segmenting the microgrid control system network into enclaves, grouping enclaves into functional domains, and describing actor communication using data exchange attributes. We describe cyber actors that can help mitigate potential vulnerabilities, in addition to performance bene ts and vulnerability mitigation that may be realized using this reference architecture. To illustrate our design approach, we present a notional a microgrid control system network implementation, including types of communica- tion occurring on that network, example data exchange attributes for actors in the network, an example of how the network can be segmented to create enclaves and functional domains, and how cyber actors can be used to enforce network segmentation and provide the neces- sary level of security. Finally, we describe areas of focus for the further development of the reference architecture.

  14. Emergency Responder Radioactive Material Quick Reference Sheet

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program (TEPP) Emergency Responder Radioactive Material Quick Reference Sheet

  15. Generic Argillite/Shale Disposal Reference Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Liange

    2014-01-01

    Shale Disposal Reference Case August 2014 Borehole activity: Oil and gas drilling targets for hydrocarbon resource

  16. Heidegger and the Philosophy of Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owens, Wayne D.

    in the remainder of my paper: BT: Martin Heidegger, Being and Time, trans. John Macquarrie and Edward Robinson (New York: Harper & Row, 1962), OTB: On Time and Being, trans. Joan Stambaugh (New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1972), OWL: Martin Heidegger... language. If language everywhere withholds its nature in this sense, then such withholding is in the very nature of language. (OWL, p. 81) HEIDEGGER AND LANGUAGE 55 There remains something about language and about speaking a language that slips...

  17. Reference Inflow Characterization for River Resource Reference Model (RM2)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neary, Vincent S [ORNL

    2011-12-01

    Sandia National Laboratory (SNL) is leading an effort to develop reference models for marine and hydrokinetic technologies and wave and current energy resources. This effort will allow the refinement of technology design tools, accurate estimates of a baseline levelized cost of energy (LCoE), and the identification of the main cost drivers that need to be addressed to achieve a competitive LCoE. As part of this effort, Oak Ridge National Laboratory was charged with examining and reporting reference river inflow characteristics for reference model 2 (RM2). Published turbulent flow data from large rivers, a water supply canal and laboratory flumes, are reviewed to determine the range of velocities, turbulence intensities and turbulent stresses acting on hydrokinetic technologies, and also to evaluate the validity of classical models that describe the depth variation of the time-mean velocity and turbulent normal Reynolds stresses. The classical models are found to generally perform well in describing river inflow characteristics. A potential challenge in river inflow characterization, however, is the high variability of depth and flow over the design life of a hydrokinetic device. This variation can have significant effects on the inflow mean velocity and turbulence intensity experienced by stationary and bottom mounted hydrokinetic energy conversion devices, which requires further investigation, but are expected to have minimal effects on surface mounted devices like the vertical axis turbine device designed for RM2. A simple methodology for obtaining an approximate inflow characterization for surface deployed devices is developed using the relation umax=(7/6)V where V is the bulk velocity and umax is assumed to be the near-surface velocity. The application of this expression is recommended for deriving the local inflow velocity acting on the energy extraction planes of the RM2 vertical axis rotors, where V=Q/A can be calculated given a USGS gage flow time-series and stage vs. cross-section area rating relationship.

  18. Arts & Humanities Languages, Linguistics, & Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Interdisciplinary Studies BA Japanese BA MA PhD Journalism BA Korean BA MA PhD Library & Information MA Sciences & Translation Studies Language Learning Center National Foreign Language Resource Center The Colleges of Arts of undergraduate and graduate degrees conferred are in Arts & Sciences disciplines, indicative of the key role

  19. Reference electrode for electrolytic cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kessie, R.W.

    1988-07-28

    A reference electrode device is provided for a high temperature electrolytic cell used to electrolytically recover uranium from spent reactor fuel dissolved in an anode pool, the device having a glass tube to enclose the electrode and electrolyte and serve as a conductive membrane with the cell electrolyte, and an outer metal tube about the glass tube to serve as a shield and basket for any glass sections broken by handling of the tube to prevent their contact with the anode pool, the metal tube having perforations to provide access between the bulk of the cell electrolyte and glass membrane. 4 figs.

  20. Electrolytic cell with reference electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kessie, Robert W. (Naperville, IL)

    1989-01-01

    A reference electrode device is provided for a high temperature electrolytic cell used to electrolytically recover uranium from spent reactor fuel dissolved in an anode pool, the device having a glass tube to enclose the electrode and electrolyte and serve as a conductive membrane with the cell electrolyte, and an outer metal tube about the glass tube to serve as a shield and basket for any glass sections broken by handling of the tube to prevent their contact with the anode pool, the metal tube having perforations to provide access between the bulk of the cell electrolyte and glass membrane.

  1. PVWatts Version 1 Technical Reference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dobos, A. P.

    2013-10-01

    The NREL PVWatts(TM) calculator is a web application developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that estimates the electricity production of a grid-connected photovoltaic system based on a few simple inputs. PVWatts combines a number of sub-models to predict overall system performance, and makes several hidden assumptions about performance parameters. This technical reference details the individual sub-models, documents assumptions and hidden parameters, and explains the sequence of calculations that yield the final system performance estimation.

  2. AHP15: Rgyal rong Tibetan Life, Language, and Folklore in Rgyas bzang Village

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G.yu 'brug; Stuart, C K

    Middle School CONCLUSION NON-ENGLISH TERMS RGYAS BZANG TIBETAN DIALECT-ENGLISH WORD LIST ENGLISH-RGYAS BZANG TIBETAN DIALECT WORD LIST REFERENCES •5•   MAPS ? Map One. Rong brag (Danba) County... /                                                                                                                           3 Ceremonial scarf offered to show respect. •12•   PHOTOGRAPHS4 Photograph Three. Bya khyung khyung.5 Photograph Four. Tsa ri spun gsum6 Mountain Deities. Photograph Nine. The wall of the ma Ni pile and a prayer wheel at the gate of Rgyas...

  3. The Coloniality of Neoliberal English: The Enduring Structures of American Colonial English Instruction in the Philippines and Puerto Rico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Funie

    2015-01-01

    forgetting, and the problem of English in the Philippines.Philippine Studies, 47-67. Tupas, T. R. F. (2011). The newyears of English in Philippine education. World Englishes,

  4. Cross-Language Information Retrieval Using PARAFAC2 Peter A. Chew, Brett W. Bader,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    content by language. Dutch Russian Spanish Chinese Simplified French Japanese English German Figure 1 that this contribution was authored or co-authored by an employee, contractor or affiliate of the U.S. Government. As such, the Government retains a nonexclusive, royalty-free right to publish or reproduce this article

  5. Using poetry to develop teenagers' speaking competence at Han-Mei Language Institute in Taiwan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hui-Chun

    English teaching in Taiwan is usually teacher-centred and test-oriented, especially at a private sector school like Han-Mei Language Institute which functions to ‘teach to the test’ (Brown, 1995) and trains teenage students to pass various exams...

  6. Modern Chinese-English Dictionary for Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Chi-Chou

    1968-01-01

    two widely different pronunciations, such as [chong] and [zhong] (M), cross reference is provided. (B) Number Designations for Head Words The head words are each given a number, from 1 to 4,447. Later, 50 more characters were added to this total... TABLE OF ROMANIZATION (Chinese Phonetic Alphabet; Yale; Wade-Giles) CPA b c ch chi ci d f g h J k 1 m n P q r ri s sh shi si t w X y ye yi z zh zhi zi Yale b ts ch chr tsz d f e h J k 1 m n P ch r r...

  7. Language interoperability for high-performance parallel scientific components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliot, N; Kohn, S; Smolinski, B

    1999-05-18

    With the increasing complexity and interdisciplinary nature of scientific applications, code reuse is becoming increasingly important in scientific computing. One method for facilitating code reuse is the use of components technologies, which have been used widely in industry. However, components have only recently worked their way into scientific computing. Language interoperability is an important underlying technology for these component architectures. In this paper, we present an approach to language interoperability for a high-performance parallel, component architecture being developed by the Common Component Architecture (CCA) group. Our approach is based on Interface Definition Language (IDL) techniques. We have developed a Scientific Interface Definition Language (SIDL), as well as bindings to C and Fortran. We have also developed a SIDL compiler and run-time library support for reference counting, reflection, object management, and exception handling (Babel). Results from using Babel to call a standard numerical solver library (written in C) from C and Fortran show that the cost of using Babel is minimal, where as the savings in development time and the benefits of object-oriented development support for C and Fortran far outweigh the costs.

  8. Oral communication in the freshman English course 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kettner, Janet Su Zann

    1974-01-01

    in Teaching th p 'tt . " ~011 ~R't' d C t' ", 8 (0 t. 1957), 183-84. Class discussion is valua'ble not only in handling ideas and matters of form and style, but also as mental discipline for students. A variety of methods exist from simple polling...ORAL COMMUNICATION IN THE FRESHMAN ENGLISH COURSE A Thesis by Janet Su Zann Kettner Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A 8c M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement, for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS December 1974 Major...

  9. A functional quantum programming language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thorsten Altenkirch; Jonathan Grattage

    2005-04-19

    We introduce the language QML, a functional language for quantum computations on finite types. Its design is guided by its categorical semantics: QML programs are interpreted by morphisms in the category FQC of finite quantum computations, which provides a constructive semantics of irreversible quantum computations realisable as quantum gates. QML integrates reversible and irreversible quantum computations in one language, using first order strict linear logic to make weakenings explicit. Strict programs are free from decoherence and hence preserve superpositions and entanglement - which is essential for quantum parallelism.

  10. Realizability for programming languages. Christophe Raffalli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Realizability for programming languages. Christophe Raffalli 29 mars au 4 avril 2010 `a Chamb´ery Abstract We present a toy functional programming language inspired by our work on the PML language [22 by Church [3] in the 30's as a universal programming language based on the sole notion of a function

  11. Practical Foundations for Programming Languages SECOND EDITION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews, Peter B.

    D RA FT Practical Foundations for Programming Languages SECOND EDITION Robert Harper Carnegie principle of the theory of programming languages. Language fea- tures are manifestations of type structure by the interactions among those constructs. The soundness of a language design--the absence of ill-defined programs

  12. SNAP operating system reference manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabuda, J.D.; Polito, J.; Walker, J.L.; Grant, F.H. III

    1982-03-01

    The SNAP Operating System (SOS) is a FORTRAN 77 program which provides assistance to the safeguards analyst who uses the Safeguards Automated Facility Evaluation (SAFE) and the Safeguards Network Analysis Procedure (SNAP) techniques. Features offered by SOS are a data base system for storing a library of SNAP applications, computer graphics representation of SNAP models, a computer graphics editor to develop and modify SNAP models, a SAFE-to-SNAP interface, automatic generation of SNAP input data, and a computer graphic post-processor for SNAP. The SOS Reference Manual provides detailed application information concerning SOS as well as a detailed discussion of all SOS components and their associated command input formats. SOS was developed for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research and the US Naval Surface Weapons Center by Pritsker and Associates, Inc., under contract to Sandia National Laboratories.

  13. Investigating packaging effects on bandgap references

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palakodety, Ravi (Ravi Kiran)

    2007-01-01

    This thesis investigates packaging effects on precision bandgap voltage references used in LTC switching regulators. Packaging stress causes a mean offset and room temperature distribution widening of the bandgap reference ...

  14. National Environmental Information Infrastructure Reference Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    National Environmental Information Infrastructure Reference Architecture Consultation Draft Contributing to the Australian Government National Plan for Environmental Information initiative #12;National Environmental Information Infrastructure Reference Architecture: Consultation Draft Environmental Information

  15. Sandia Energy - Reference Model Project (RMP)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Project (RMP) Home Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Water Power Reference Model Project (RMP) Reference Model Project (RMP)Tara Camacho-Lopez2015-05-11T21:01:36+00:00...

  16. Charting Future Directions for Reference Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stratton, John M.; Devlin, Frances A.

    2011-10-18

    reference desks. Reference questions were coded using a taxonomy based on subject headings used to organize databases into broad categories, in addition to corresponding to professional schools within the University. Using our earlier study as a point...

  17. The mystery of language evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hauser, Marc D.

    Understanding the evolution of language requires evidence regarding origins and processes that led to change. In the last 40 years, there has been an explosion of research on this problem as well as a sense that considerable ...

  18. Intel C++ Compiler User and Reference Guides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolic, Branislav K.

    Intel® C++ Compiler User and Reference Guides Document number: 304968-022US #12;Disclaimer) 2001, Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. #12;#12;v Table of Contents Intel(R) C++ Compiler User and Reference Guides..............................................1 Intel® C++ Compiler User and Reference

  19. Reference Phase of Fresnel Zone Plates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. W. Webb

    2003-02-28

    The standard zone plate assumes that the shortest ray connecting a radiation source and a detection point has a phase of 0 deg thereby defining a reference phase. Here we examine the experimental consequences of varying this reference phase from 0 deg to 360 deg. It is concluded that reference phase is an intrinsic and useful property of zone plates.

  20. Javari: Adding Reference Immutability to Java

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tschantz, Matthew S.

    2006-09-05

    This paper describes a programming language, Javari, that is capable of expressing and enforcing immutability constraints. The specific constraint expressed is that the abstract state of the object to which an immutable ...

  1. Javari : adding reference immutability to Java

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tschantz, Matthew S

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes a programming language, Javari, that is capable of expressing and enforcing immutability constraints. The specific constraint expressed is that the abstract state of the object to which an immutable ...

  2. Bibliography of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Reference Series 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Criqui, Nan P.; Kuhns, Kittie K.

    2002-01-01

    Scripps Institution of Oceanography Reference Series 2001.SCRIPPS INSTITUTION OF OCEANOGRAPHY REFERENCE SERIES 01-01

  3. The integration hypothesis of human language evolution and the nature of contemporary languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miyagawa, Shigeru

    How human language arose is a mystery in the evolution of Homo sapiens. Miyagawa et al. (2013) put forward a proposal, which we will call the Integration Hypothesis of human language evolution, that holds that human language ...

  4. Second Language Acquisitionnd Language Acquisition In a global society, knowing several languages is vital for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Wendell T.

    is vital for communication, commerce, and even civility in international discourse. With many nations tense). In a global society, knowing several languages is vital for communication, commerce, and even civility

  5. Titanium Language Reference Manual, version 2.19 Paul N. Hilfinger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Foundation under grant ACI-9619020, the Department of Energy under contracts W-7405-ENG-48 and DE-AC03- 765F Titanium and Java. #12;Contents 1 Lexical Structure 2 2 Program Structure 3 3 New Standard Types.3.2 Overlapping Arrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4.3.3 Restrictions on Standard

  6. Language and Framework Support for Reviewably-Secure Software Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mettler, Adrian Matthew

    2012-01-01

    1.1.2 Programming Languages and Abstractions . . . . . . . .security properties. Languages and programming idioms thatJ. Popek. Report on the programming language Euclid. SIGPLAN

  7. The Origins of English Individualism and Earls Colne, Essex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macfarlane, Alan

    2006-11-21

    A visit to Earls Colne in Essex, England, in August 2006. Discussions of the origins of English individualism and the reconstruction of the history of an English village. Also wider reflections on China, Japan, feudalism, capitalism, peasantry...

  8. English Literature Resources of NTU Library National Taiwan University Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    English Literature Resources of NTU Library National Taiwan University Library #12;MLA Inter- national Bibliography Literature Online, Early English Books Online Naxos Spoken Word Library19 7 14 15 Naxos Spoken Word Library Literature Online Literature Resource Center Shakespeare

  9. Internship Checklist Ready Reference C-3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Internship Checklist Ready Reference C-3 College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career Services Oklahoma State University College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career Services Office

  10. Cover Letter Formula Ready Reference F-3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cover Letter Formula Ready Reference F-3 College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career Services Oklahoma State University College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career Services Office

  11. Letter of Refusal Ready Reference F-8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letter of Refusal Ready Reference F-8 College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career Services Oklahoma State University College of College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career

  12. Sample Withdrawal Letter Ready Reference F-11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sample Withdrawal Letter Ready Reference F-11 College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career Services Oklahoma State University College of College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology

  13. Sample Application Letter Ready Reference F-5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sample Application Letter Ready Reference F-5 College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career Services Oklahoma State University College of College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology

  14. Sample Networking Letter Ready Reference F-6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sample Networking Letter Ready Reference F-6 College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career Services Oklahoma State University College of College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology

  15. Sample Acceptance Letter Ready Reference F-10

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sample Acceptance Letter Ready Reference F-10 College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career Services Oklahoma State University College of College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology

  16. Job Search Steps Ready Reference D-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Job Search Steps Ready Reference D-1 College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career Services Oklahoma State University College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career Services Office

  17. Preparing A Vita Ready Reference E-13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preparing A Vita Ready Reference E-13 College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career Services Oklahoma State University College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career Services Office

  18. FAQS Reference Guide – Facility Maintenance Management

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the April 2014 edition of DOE Standard DOE-STD-1181-2014, Facility Maintenance Management Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  19. FAQS Reference Guide – NNSA Package Certification Engineer

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the February 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1026-2009, NNSA Package Certification Engineer Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  20. FAQS Reference Guide – General Technical Base

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the December 2007 edition of DOE-STD-1146-2007, General Technical Base Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  1. EERE Program Management Quick Reference Guide

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Program Management Reference Guide. It provides an overall description of the EERE program management structure, defines...

  2. Reference Designs for Hydrogen Fueling Stations Webinar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Access the recording and download the presentation slides from the Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar "Reference Designs for Hydrogen Fueling Stations" held on October 13, 2015.

  3. Induction, Domains, Calculi: Strachey's Contributions to ProgrammingLanguage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, David A.

    Induction, Domains, Calculi: Strachey's Contributions to Programming­Language Engineering David A pioneered the analysis of programming languages in terms of semantic features. Three of Strachey programming languages designed by programming­language experts? Sometimes they are, but the requirements

  4. Transaction Datalog: A Compositional Language for Transaction Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonner, Anthony

    Transaction Datalog: A Compositional Language for Transaction Programming Anthony J. Bonner transaction languages. This paper focuses on the latter issue: languages for specifying non, a deductive language that integrates queries, updates, and transaction composition in a simple logical

  5. Transaction Datalog: A Compositional Language for Transaction Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonner, Anthony

    Transaction Datalog: A Compositional Language for Transaction Programming Anthony J. Bonner management, and new transaction languages. This paper focuses on the latter issue: languages for specifying Transac­ tion Datalog, a deductive language that integrates queries, updates, and transaction composition

  6. Kansas and Foreign Language Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1959-09-01

    C"lcnt to ('n;1 hIe a person to live in a fnr­ cign envirunnl('nt withoul sulkrillg ulUluly fmm a 1;lIlguage handicap (or a ('ol11p;n'ahle ahililY 10 ahsnrh ;nul as.o;nciatc c'nne'cpts ;nul icleas in nne of Ihe dali.o;it"al lallguagcs). This prufidcnry :.hall... such as tapes, tape recorders. :lnd other e(luipment for a language laboratory. Sume money will be available undcr the "Natinnal Defense Educatiun Act of 195R," e. Encourage teachers to allend foreign language institutes, either slImnH'r or fil...

  7. Is language necessary for thinking about thoughts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Sarah

    2013-08-14

    This paper considers one aspect of the relationship between language and thought, focusing on a theory proposed by José Luis Bermúdez. Bermúdez argues that language is required for any kinds of thinking that involve thinking ...

  8. Lagrangian relaxation for natural language decoding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rush, Alexander M. (Alexander Matthew)

    2014-01-01

    The major success story of natural language processing over the last decade has been the development of high-accuracy statistical methods for a wide-range of language applications. The availability of large textual data ...

  9. Machine Translation: Introduction to Natural Language Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, David A.

    ... ... into the various ... ... into the nuclear ... ... into the bargain ... ... into the situation ... 4 #12;Phrase language blog is about politics? Cross-language information retrieval? Flagging news stories about

  10. Paraphrastic recurrent neural network language models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Chen, X.; Gales, M. J. F.; Woodland, P. C.

    2015-04-22

    ), “Hierarchical probabilistic neural network language model,” in Proc. International work- shop on artificial intelligence and statistics, Barbados, 2005, pp. 246–252. [24] M. Mohri (1997), “Finite-state transducers in language and speech processing...

  11. Language, Ideology and Politics in Croatia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kapovi?, Mate

    2011-02-01

    Based in part on his recent book ?iji je jezik? (Who does Language Belong to?), the author reviews the intricate relation of language, ideology, and politics in Croatia in the last 20 years, including new examples and analyses. The article...

  12. Postgraduate Studentship MA in English Local History and Family History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    Postgraduate Studentship MA in English Local History and Family History The Thaxted Society (www.thaxted.co.uk) would like to sponsor a student to undertake the MA degree in English Local History and Family History in the Centre for English Local History at the University of Leicester. The student will undertake the usual

  13. Roadmap: English Bachelor of Arts [AS-BA-ENG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Scott

    Roadmap: English ­ Bachelor of Arts [AS-BA-ENG] College of Arts and Sciences Department of English Catalog Year: 2013-2014 Page 1 of 4 | Last Updated: 7-May-13/LNHD This roadmap is a recommended semester 5 on page 3 General Electives (upper division) 6 #12;Roadmap: English ­ Bachelor of Arts [AS

  14. Production of subject-verb agreement in Slovene and English 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Annabel Jane

    2009-11-26

    This thesis explores the mental representation of subject-verb agreement, and the factors that can affect the determination of agreement in language production. It reports nine experiments that used a task in which ...

  15. Development of Reference Models and Design Tools (LCOE Models...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Development of Reference Models and Design Tools (LCOE Models) Development of Reference Models and Design Tools (LCOE Models) Development of Reference Models and Design Tools (LCOE...

  16. Federal Employee Training Desk Reference | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    College of Learning and Workforce Development Federal Employee Training Desk Reference Federal Employee Training Desk Reference The DOE Federal Employee Training Desk Reference...

  17. Linguistic Alignment in Natural Language Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halberg, Gabrielle Manya

    2013-01-01

    that are instantiated at generation time. . . . . . . . .that are instantiated at generation time. . Illustration ofin Natural Language Generation by Gabrielle Halberg

  18. Introduction 1.1 Model Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, John C.

    Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Model Programming Languages The mathematical analysis of programming procedure call mechanisms, we might begin by identifying a simple programming language whose main constructs are procedure declara- tions and calls. We may then analyze this simpli#12;ed programming language without

  19. On the Expressive Power of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobin-Hochstadt, Sam

    On the Expressive Power of Programming Languages Matthias Felleisen \\Lambda Department of Computer Science Rice University Houston, TX 77251­1892 Abstract The literature on programming languages contains an abundance of in­ formal claims on the relative expressive power of programming languages

  20. Language Based Software Engineering Gopal Gupta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Gopal

    's task. In contrast, if we had a language that was right at the level of abstraction at which the user, etc.) to be developed. Imagine developing a method similar to long division for the Roman numeral languages has come about due to our desire to find the "right" language that will make it easy

  1. Archived Reference Building Type: Primary school

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  2. Archived Reference Building Type: Primary school

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  3. OUTLOOK -MOBILE DEVICE ACCESS QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liley, David

    th OUTLOOK - MOBILE DEVICE ACCESS QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE Quick Reference Guide is designed to step you through the initial set up of your Outlook email account on your Mac. Note: If you're opening Microsoft Outlook 2011 for the first time, you will see the Welcome to Microsoft Outlook for Mac window

  4. OUTLOOK -MOBILE DEVICE ACCESS QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liley, David

    th OUTLOOK - MOBILE DEVICE ACCESS QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE This Quick Reference Guide is designed to step you through the setup of your Outlook email account on your mobile device. When to use this Guide is Outlook. NOTE: After you have set up your account you must remove your old GWSync account ITS

  5. Archived Reference Building Type: Secondary school

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  6. Archived Reference Building Type: Secondary school

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  7. Archived Reference Building Type: Medium office

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  8. Archived Reference Building Type: Medium office

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  9. Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  10. Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  11. Intel Fortran Compiler User and Reference Guides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolic, Branislav K.

    Intel® Fortran Compiler User and Reference Guides Document number: 304970-005US #12;Disclaimer) 2001, Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. #12;#12;v Table of Contents Intel(R) Fortran Compiler User and Reference Guides.........................................1 Intel® Fortran Compiler User

  12. GE & AE Extension Request Form, Version 7, Sept 2012, JC Program Extension General English or Academic English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    GE & AE Extension Request Form, Version 7, Sept 2012, JC Program Extension ­ General English) General English (GE) Academic English (AE) Which term will this extension begin? Fall Winter Spring Summer more sessions of GE do you wish to request? 1 2 3 4 5 6 Other ____ (GE sessions are 4 weeks) *Please

  13. GE & AE Extension Request Form, Version 6, May 2012, JC Program Extension General English or Academic English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    GE & AE Extension Request Form, Version 6, May 2012, JC Program Extension ­ General English) General English (GE) Academic English (AE) Which term will this extension begin? Fall Winter Spring Summer more sessions of GE do you wish to request? 1 2 3 4 5 6 Other ____ (GE sessions are 4 weeks) *Please

  14. GE & AE Program Change Request Form, Version 12, July 2013, ML Program Change-General English or Academic English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    GE & AE Program Change Request Form, Version 12, July 2013, ML Program Change-General English English student, and I would like to switch to General English. How many sessions of GE do you wish to request? 1 2 3 4 (GE sessions are 5 weeks) How many GE hours do you wish to take? 21 hours 27 hours

  15. Paraphrastic Neural Network Language Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Gales, M. J. F.; Woodland, P. C.

    2014-01-01

    Intelligence and Statistics, Barbados, 2005, pp.246-252. [24] M. Mohri (1997). “Finite-state transducers in language and speech processing”, Computational Linguistics, 23:2, 1997. [25] J. Park, X. Liu, M. J. F. Gales and P. C. Woodland (2010), “Improved neural...

  16. Sloglish or the Mixing/Switching of Slovene and English in Slovene Blogs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Šabec, Nada

    2009-01-01

    The article discusses the impact of the Internet on language use and, more specifically, analyzes the frequent mixing/switching of Slovene and English in Slovene blogs (so-called Sloglish). This new discourse type, combining elements of written...Prispevek obravnava splošni vpliv internetnega medija na jezik in podrobneje analizira slovenske bloge, v katerih se pogosto prepletata slovenš?ina in angleš?ina oz. t. i. sloglish. Za novo diskurzivno zvrst, ki združuje elemente pisne in govorne komunikacije, so po eni strani zna?ilne visoka stopnja interaktivnosti, variabilnost, fleksibilnost in jezikovne inovacije, po drugi pa ji nekateri o?itajo preveliko globaliziranost, uniformiranost in ogrožanje jezikovne norme. Slovenski blogi so analizirani z jezikovnega vidika (besedje, skladnja, pravopis) in interpretirani s sociolingvisti?nega in pragmati?nega vidika (vprašanje osebne, kulturne in družbene identitete uporabnikov; odnos med lokalnim in globalnim)....

  17. Self-Organisation of a Learnable Language: What Happens When an Alien Language Replicates through Human Brains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steels, Luc

    1 Self-Organisation of a Learnable Language: What Happens When an Alien Language Replicates through initial alien language, as it is replicated through successive `generations' of language learners in three. (2008). In this paradigm, a subject is given a random initial `alien language' to learn. The language

  18. The Java programming language is acheiving greater accep-tance in high-end embedded systems such as cellphones and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattacharyya, Shuvra S.

    been explored recently. TurboJ [4] speeds up execution by compiling bytecode to native code aheadAbstract The Java programming language is acheiving greater accep- tance in high-end embedded and bytecode. Bytecode is object code that is processed by a program, referred to as the Java Virtual Machine

  19. Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 3340, Hissar, Bulgaria, 12-14 September 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    language processing tasks often rely on part-of-speech (POS) tagging as a prepro- cessing step. However task and compare systems relying either on POS induction, on POS tagging, or on lexical features only as a baseline. Our experiments on the English CoNLL'2000 dataset show a significant benefit from POS induction

  20. LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SERVICES DIVISION Current References

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SERVICES DIVISION Current References (92 -1) ,..... .. , ... ........,., ECOSYSTEMS OF THE FLORIDA KEYS · A Bibliography U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service National Oceanographic Data Center

  1. Salary Negotiation Ready ReferenceH-3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salary Negotiation Ready ReferenceH-3 College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career" salary on the top end of your range. Although this range may appear high because it is created from

  2. Writing Career Objectives Ready Reference E-5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Writing Career Objectives Ready Reference E-5 College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology in pharmaceutical research" #12;Oklahoma State University College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career your practical skills. Examples: -"A position in a large, high tech organization requiring network

  3. Generic Argillite/Shale Disposal Reference Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Liange

    2014-01-01

    S. and K.S. Johnson, (1984). Shale and other argillaceousand R. T. Cygan, (2010). Shale Disposal of U.S. High-LevelDC. Generic Argillite/Shale Disposal Reference Case August

  4. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Warehouse

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  5. New Construction Commercial Reference Buildings — Archive

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  6. Emergency Responder Radioactive Material Quick Reference Sheet

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This job aid is a quick reference to assist emergency responders in identifying preliminary safety precautions that should be taken during the initial response phase after arrival at the scene of...

  7. FAQS Reference Guide – Civil/ Structural Engineering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the March 2004 edition of DOE-STD-1182-2004, Civil/Structural Engineering Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  8. FAQS Reference Guide – Safety Software Quality Assurance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the (March 2011) edition of DOE-STD-1172-2011, Safety Software Quality Assurance Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  9. Clause chaining, switch reference and coordination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nonato, Rafael

    2014-01-01

    In this thesis I ponder over a constellation of phenomena that revolve around switch reference and coordination, drawing mainly on their instantiation in Kisedje (Je, Brazil). I start by investigating Klsedje's case system. ...

  10. Precision Micropower, Low Dropout Voltage References

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    series references are specified over the extended industrial temperature range (-40°C to +85°C) with typical performance specifications over -40°C to +125°C for applications, such as automotive. All

  11. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Supermarket

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  12. Javarifier : inference of reference immutability in Java

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinonez, Jamie

    2008-01-01

    Javari is an extension of Java that supports reference immutability constraints. Programmers write Javari type qualifiers, such as the readonly type qualifier, in their programs, and the Javari typechecker detects mutation ...

  13. Generating and interpreting referring expressions in context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Dustin Arthur

    2013-01-01

    Referring expressions with vague and ambiguous modifiers, such as "a quick visit" and "the big meeting," are difficult for computers to interpret because their meanings are defined in part by context. For the hearer to ...

  14. Integrating Referring and Informing in NP Planning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Michael; Knott, Alistair; Hitzeman, Janet; Cheng, Hua

    Two of the functions of an NP are to refer (identify a particular entity) and to inform (provide new information about an entity). While many NPs may serve only one of these functions, some NPs conflate the functions, ...

  15. Population Reference Bureau Kenneth W. Wachter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wachter, Kenneth W.

    -Recapture Estimates 2. Logistic Regression for Stratum Rates 3. Synthetic Estimation for Small Areas KWW ­ p. 14/2 #12,000 households · American Community Survey: Reverse Record Check KWW ­ p. 20/2 #12;References Bell, Robert and M

  16. An expectation model of referring expressions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kræmer, John, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    This thesis introduces EMRE, an expectation-based model of referring expressions. EMRE is proposed as a model of non-syntactic dependencies - in particular, discourse-level semantic dependencies that bridge sentence gaps. ...

  17. Quantum communication, reference frames and gauge theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. J. van Enk

    2006-04-26

    We consider quantum communication in the case that the communicating parties not only do not share a reference frame but use imperfect quantum communication channels, in that each channel applies some fixed but unknown unitary rotation to each qubit. We discuss similarities and differences between reference frames within that quantum communication model and gauge fields in gauge theory. We generalize the concept of refbits and analyze various quantum communication protocols within the communication model.

  18. Tonal Assignment in English Loanwords in Mandarin Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glewwe, Eleanor

    2015-01-01

    of Names in Roman-Chinese. Beijing: Zhongguo Duiwai Fanyi1984). Hanyu Wailaici Cidian [Chinese Loanword Dictionary].Wordbook Press]. MDBG. (2014). Chinese-English Dictionary.

  19. Statement on Plagiarism 1 University of Connecticut Freshman English Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lozano-Robledo, Alvaro

    Statement on Plagiarism 1 University of Connecticut Freshman English Program Statement on Plagiarism KEY TERMS AT A GLANCE Academic Misconduct: The University of Connecticut Division of Student

  20. "Analysis of SOFCs using reference electrodes?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finklea, Harry; Chen,Xiaoke; Gerdes,Kirk; Pakalapati, Suryanarayana; Celik, Ismail

    2013-07-01

    Reference electrodes are frequently applied to isolate the performance of one electrode in a solid oxide fuel cell. However, reference electrode simulations raise doubt to veracity of data collected using reference electrodes. The simulations predict that the reported performance for the one electrode will frequently contain performance of both electrodes. Nonetheless, recent reports persistently treat data so collected as ideally isolated. This work confirms the predictions of the reference electrode simulations on two SOFC designs, and to provides a method of validating the data measured in the 3-electrode configuration. Validation is based on the assumption that a change in gas composition to one electrode does not affect the impedance of the other electrode at open circuit voltage. This assumption is supported by a full physics simulation of the SOFC. Three configurations of reference electrode and cell design are experimentally examined using various gas flows and two temperatures. Impedance data are subjected to deconvolution analysis and equivalent circuit fitting and approximate polarization resistances of the cathode and anode are determined. The results demonstrate that the utility of reference electrodes is limited and often wholly inappropriate. Reported impedances and single electrode polarization values must be scrutinized on this basis.

  1. "Making X relevant" : increasing English language learners' self-efficacy and deepening the understanding of math through motivation to learn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres Cuevas, Jaime

    2008-01-01

    Capturing an directing the motivation to learn. Speaking ofdo.Understanding self-motivation. New York: Penguin Books.facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development,

  2. "Making X relevant" : increasing English language learners' self-efficacy and deepening the understanding of math through motivation to learn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres Cuevas, Jaime

    2008-01-01

    problems, or getting the popsicle sticks needed to completeof 4 to six members Have popsicle sticks available for

  3. Administrator's Perceptions on Growing Populations of Students who are English Language Learners in the State of Wyoming 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shannon, Keri Leigh

    2014-01-31

    superintendents face in their roles, and the ways that effective superintendents transform schools and student outcomes. Especially important in the literature are the discussions of how culturally responsive leadership is imperative for students to succeed...

  4. A Phenomenological Look at Adult English-Language Development Through the Lens of Students' Sense-Making Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segade, Gabriela

    2011-01-01

    they  don’t  have  a  computer  right?    How  they  .  Gabriela:    Right  so   with   computers—   Tae-­woo:  —saying  they  used  computers  .  right?     Carolina:    

  5. Proof of English language proficiency Applicants must submit one of the following score reports from a test taken within

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ogawa, Mizuhito

    reports from a test taken within the past two years before the application deadline. (1) TOEFL(iBT or PBT: (1) TOEFL(iBT or PBT) Please submit either (a) or (b). (a) An original Official Score Report The official score report must be sent directly from the testing institution, Educational Testing Service

  6. Evaluating the Predictive Validity of DIBELS Literacy Measures with Third Grade Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Jennifer Sun

    2012-01-01

    Intervention (RtI)………………………………………………… .. 5 Curriculum BasedResponse to Intervention (RtI) is a three-tiered preventionResearch conducted on RtI with EL learners has resulted in

  7. Examining Classroom Observation Instruments for English Language Learners: An Example of Proposing Causal Structure Pertaining to Pedagogy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garza, Jr., Tiberio

    2015-04-28

    The purpose of this dissertation study was to describe teacher pedagogy through the use of systematic review, observation data, and to comment on causal structure. Three objectives were necessary: the assessment of the ...

  8. "Menos y menos da más": Using Spanish as the Language of Instruction with English Learners in Algebra 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diaz, Marco Antonio

    2013-01-01

    L.  R.  ( 1984).   Algebra  :  children's  strategies  and  in  Learning  Algebra.   American   Educational  Research  Tall,  D.  (1994).   Algebra,  Symbols  and  Translation  

  9. English home Forum Photo Gallery Features Newsletter Archive About US Help Site Map languages Culture/Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to build its own thermonuclear experimental reactor A leading Chinese plasma physicist said Thursday China might build its own thermonuclear experimental reactor, which would be expected to supply sustained in thermonuclear reaction, Chinese scientists have already participated in the International Thermonuclear

  10. English home Forum Photo Gallery Features Newsletter Archive About US Help Site Map languages Culture/Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and tomorrow's electricity-producing fusion power plants. The new Chinese investment into the thermonuclear invests more into thermonuclear reaction study China's announced Friday in to invest 50 million yuan (6 million US dollars) more to the country's ongoing research on thermonuclear experimental reactors

  11. Recent Trends in the History of Cartography: A Selective, Annotated Bibliography to the English-Language Literature 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edney, Matthew H.

    2007-04-11

    The history of cartography has since the 1970s significantly expanded its disciplinary reach, its theoretical directions and approaches, and its scholarship. This annotated bibliography is intended as a guide to the extended field. It seeks...

  12. Do you see what I'm saying? The effect of British Sign Language on deaf children's written English 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nordmann, Emily

    2008-06-27

    Assessment Task (Burman et al, 2007). Participants in the Total Communication group scored significantly higher on overall test score ( U = 5.500, Z = -2.220, p<0.05) as well as on the subsection of Story Development (U = 5.000, Z = -2.338, p<0.05). However...

  13. Biomechanical modeling of English /r/ variants Ian Stavness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    British Columbia, University of

    Biomechanical modeling of English /r/ variants Ian Stavness Department of Bioengineering, Stanford an investigation of the well-known con- text-dependent variation in English /r/ using a biomechanical tongue- jaw a previously unknown mechanism in tongue biomechanics for /r/ produc- tion: Torque in the sagittal plane about

  14. Master of Arts in Education English Program Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    lab proved beneficial, it did not provide extensive classroom management opportunities that are a key of Education (2) 2 Secondary Methods/Techniques (8) ENG608: Management of English Instruction (3); ED 603G 609G: Internship (8-17) Recent Program Changes ENG608: Management of English Instruction has seen two

  15. Japanese-Spanish Thesaurus Construction Using English as a Pivot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Japanese-Spanish Thesaurus Construction Using English as a Pivot Jessica Ramírez, Masayuki Asahara with the goal of automatically creating a multilin- gual thesaurus based on the freely available resources-English thesaurus. Our approach consists of extracting the translation tuples from Wikipedia, disambiguating them

  16. Programming Language Feature Agglomeration Jeremy Singer Callum Cameron Marc Alexander

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Jeremy

    Programming Language Feature Agglomeration Jeremy Singer Callum Cameron Marc Alexander University systems. In this paper, we argue that feature-creep also occurs in the domain of programming languages in modern languages that have evolved from earlier languages. 1. Introduction As programming language theory

  17. Practical Extensions in Agent Programming Languages Mehdi Dastani

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dastani, Mehdi

    Practical Extensions in Agent Programming Languages Mehdi Dastani Utrecht University to improve the practi- cal application of existing BDI-based agent-oriented programming languages that have and declarative programming languages. Categories and Subject Descriptors D.3.3 [Programming Languages]: Language

  18. Designing a Language for Spatial Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhn, Werner; Ballatore, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    including visual programming languages (VPL). 1 Yet, thislanguages. Python is strongly dynamically typed, favors proce- dural and object-oriented programming,

  19. THE NOP2 MODELING LANGUAGE Hermann Schichl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schichl, Hermann

    , convex relaxations. # supported by project COCONUT IST­2000­26063 285 #12; MODELING LANGUAGES stopped meantime, and authors work the COCONUT [40] project towards solver platform global optimization

  20. The integration of language with perceptual systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Jennifer Blair

    2011-01-01

    related brain potential (ERP). Annu. Rev. Psychol. 62, 621–language com- prehension? ERP evidence from the Februarya property verification task: an ERP study of what happens

  1. The electrophysiology of language perception and production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flinker, Adeen

    2012-01-01

    1977b) The perception and production of voice onset time inactivity during word production in spoken and sign language.cortex during speech production. Psychophysiology 42:180-

  2. Cybersecurity Procurement Language for Energy Delivery Systems

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    delivery system from multiple Suppliers. Maintaining appropriate cybersecurity in such a system may require additional language that ensures the secure integration of components,...

  3. Evolution of language The interest of the Pragmatics and cognition team for the evolution of language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Institut des Sciences Cognitives, CNRS

    Evolution of language The interest of the Pragmatics and cognition team for the evolution of the evolution of language wetted our apetites and some members of the team (i.e. Anne Reboul) are still actively engaged in research on the evolution of language. The well-known difficulties regarding this domain

  4. References - DOE Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-RichProtonAbout Us HanfordReference MaterialsReference Shelf

  5. Course Information SER 221 Programming Languages and Their Execution Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · · · · · · · · · Course Information SER 221 Programming Languages and Their Execution Environment Catalog Description Introduces the fundamental programming language concepts of data, type, control, abstraction, and structure; software development and execution environments; programming language paradigms

  6. REGISTRATION FORM CUNY GRADUATE CENTER LANGUAGE READING PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson Jr.,, Ray

    REGISTRATION FORM CUNY GRADUATE CENTER LANGUAGE READING PROGRAM First name order payable to CUNY GRADUATE CENTER and send it to the CUNY Graduate Center Language Reading Program: ________________________________________ Date: ____________________ If a course is cancelled by the Language Reading Program, registrants

  7. Little Languages and their Programming Environments John Clements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnamurthi, Shriram

    Little Languages and their Programming Environments John Clements½ Paul Graunke½ Shriram Summary Programmers constantly design, implement, and program in little languages. Two different ap language's syntactic and semantic structure, but also its programming en- vironment. We illustrate the idea

  8. NIST Standard Reference Database 23 NIST Reference Fluid Thermodynamic and Transport Properties--

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    measurements and models we have taken from the literature, and without which this database would be much#12;NIST Standard Reference Database 23 NIST Reference Fluid Thermodynamic and Transport Properties (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data

  9. Language assessment instruments: a study of language dominance tests in the Rio Grande Valley 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickey, Concepcion Maria

    1976-01-01

    of their children's language use i s a useful and valid cri teri on s i nce they have the opportuni ty of regularly observing thei r children's language behavior in the home-family domain and in various role-relationships. Definition of Terms l. language... in the Rio Grande Valley; 3) to determine the degree and the nature of' correlation between parent, al language census data concerning language dominance of their children in the home-family domain as measured by the Home Bilingual Usage Estimate and test...

  10. Terms of Reference Information Security Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haase, Markus

    Terms of Reference Information Security Group Version 3.1 8 March 2011 © University of Leeds 2011 Security Group Information Security Management 3.1 (8/3/11) Page 2 of 4 Document Control Owner: Kevin Darley, IT Security Co-ordinator, Information Systems Services, University of Leeds Source Location: V

  11. Risk Management Steering Committee Terms of Reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Risk Management Steering Committee Terms of Reference October 2009 1.0 Purpose The purposes Facilities Management Risk and Insurance Analyst Associate Vice-President Human Resources Administrative of the Steering Committee are: a) to follow a continuous process to understand and communicate risk from

  12. The Behavioral Interview Ready Reference G-7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Behavioral Interview Ready Reference G-7 College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career Services Oklahoma State University College of College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology in technical and high tech industries within the last 10 years. Behavioral interviews are designed to focus

  13. Questioning Yourself Ready Reference B-2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Questioning Yourself Ready Reference B-2 College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career Services Oklahoma State University College of Engineering, Architecture & Technology Career Services Office set my own hours? Do I thrive in a high-stress atmosphere, or would I prefer something a bit more

  14. INVESTIGATION Construction of Reference Chromosome-Scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douches, David S.

    INVESTIGATION Construction of Reference Chromosome-Scale Pseudomolecules for Potato: Integrating was genotyped with several types of molecular genetic markers to construct a new ~936 cM linkage map comprising and orientation within the pseudo- molecules are closely collinear with independently constructed high density

  15. Quick-Reference Guide to Optimization with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolic, Branislav K.

    Quick-Reference Guide to Optimization with Intel® Compilers version 11 For IA-32 processors, Intel, you may want to check correctness of your application by building it without optimization using /Od (-O0). In this compiler version, all optimization levels assume support for the SSE2 instruction set

  16. Previous Up Next Article From References: 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ottino, Julio M.

    (e.g. laminar) fluid flow. Two decades of interdisciplinary studies in this line of investigationPrevious Up Next Article Citations From References: 0 From Reviews: 0 MR2265644 (Review) 37N10 (37D in applications: micro to macro, fluids to solids. Cambridge Monographs on Applied and Computational Mathematics

  17. Xyce parallel electronic simulator : reference guide.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mei, Ting; Rankin, Eric Lamont; Thornquist, Heidi K.; Santarelli, Keith R.; Fixel, Deborah A.; Coffey, Todd Stirling; Russo, Thomas V.; Schiek, Richard Louis; Warrender, Christina E.; Keiter, Eric Richard; Pawlowski, Roger Patrick

    2011-05-01

    This document is a reference guide to the Xyce Parallel Electronic Simulator, and is a companion document to the Xyce Users Guide. The focus of this document is (to the extent possible) exhaustively list device parameters, solver options, parser options, and other usage details of Xyce. This document is not intended to be a tutorial. Users who are new to circuit simulation are better served by the Xyce Users Guide. The Xyce Parallel Electronic Simulator has been written to support, in a rigorous manner, the simulation needs of the Sandia National Laboratories electrical designers. It is targeted specifically to run on large-scale parallel computing platforms but also runs well on a variety of architectures including single processor workstations. It also aims to support a variety of devices and models specific to Sandia needs. This document is intended to complement the Xyce Users Guide. It contains comprehensive, detailed information about a number of topics pertinent to the usage of Xyce. Included in this document is a netlist reference for the input-file commands and elements supported within Xyce; a command line reference, which describes the available command line arguments for Xyce; and quick-references for users of other circuit codes, such as Orcad's PSpice and Sandia's ChileSPICE.

  18. Hazard Communication Program 1.0 REFERENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Hazard Communication Program 1.0 REFERENCE California Code of Regulations, Title 8, Sections 337 the properties and potential safety and health hazards of the materials which they use or to which they are exposed. Employees who use or may be exposed to potentially hazardous substances or harmful physical

  19. Positional reference system for ultraprecision machining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Arnold, J.B.; Burleson, R.R.; Pardue, R.M.

    1980-09-12

    A stable positional reference system for use in improving the cutting tool-to-part contour position in numerical controlled-multiaxis metal turning machines is provided. The reference system employs a plurality of interferometers referenced to orthogonally disposed metering bars which are substantially isolated from machine strain induced position errors for monitoring the part and tool positions relative to the metering bars. A microprocessor-based control system is employed in conjunction with the plurality of positions interferometers and part contour description data input to calculate error components for each axis of movement and output them to corresponding axis driven with appropriate scaling and error compensation. Real-time position control, operating in combination with the reference system, makes possible the positioning of the cutting points of a tool along a part locus with a substantially greater degree of accuracy than has been attained previously in the art by referencing and then monitoring only the tool motion relative to a reference position located on the machine base.

  20. UNIVERSITY PLANNING (SCUP) Terms of Reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    UNIVERSITY PLANNING (SCUP) Terms of Reference: The Committee is the chief forum within Senate for critical appraisal and coordination of long-term strategic, capital and budget plans for the University planning context, it has specific responsibilities as follows: Long-Range Planning To review and recommend

  1. Campus Planning Committee Terms of Reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    1 Campus Planning Committee Terms of Reference Type: Advisory to President Charge: 1. Recognizing the academic priorities of the institution, the Committee shall advise the President on: a) the long-range plan for the physical development of the Campus; b) amendments to the approved campus plan; c) the University's proposed

  2. Fluid Neutral Momentum Transport Reference Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budny, Robert

    Fluid Neutral Momentum Transport Reference Problem D. P. Stotler, PPPL S. I. Krasheninnikov, UCSD 1 Summary Type of problem: kinetic or fluid neutral transport Physics or algorithm stressed: thermal force term (spatial resolution) in momentum transport equation and treatment of collisions (charge ex- change

  3. Shape Recipes: Scene Representations that Refer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, William T.

    Shape Recipes: Scene Representations that Refer to the Image William T. Freeman and Antonio to estimate and store. We propose a low-dimensional rep- resentation, called a scene recipe, that relies on the image itself to de- scribe the complex scene configurations. Shape recipes are an example

  4. Office of Classroom Management A quick reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Office of Classroom Management A quick reference for how to navigate your classroom's technology of the camera. #12;Office of Classroom Management 1. Press any button other than the "system off" button 2. When and resources www.classroom.umn.edu Classroom Support Hotline: 612-625-1086 ·Controlsforthe

  5. Macrosegregation Macrosegregation refers to variations in composition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckermann, Christoph

    in casting processes: (i) Flow that feeds the solidification shrinkage and the contractions of the liquidMacrosegregation Macrosegregation refers to variations in composition that occur in alloy castings variations have a detrimental impact on the subsequent processing behavior and properties of cast materials

  6. LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SERVICES DIVISION Current References

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Satellne. Data. and InformationService National Oceanographic Data Center #12;· GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGELIBRARY AND INFORMATION SERVICES DIVISION Current References (90 -1) Global Climate Change FEBRUARY of data centers on which an information system must be built. This bibliography offers a selection

  7. R Reference Manual: A gentle overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Priestley, Jennifer Lewis

    , yet similar to SAS, R is a commands-driven programming environment to execute statistical analysisR Reference Manual: A gentle overview #12;2 Developed and maintained by the Center for Statistics statistical computing packages ­ Excel, SPSS, Minitab, R and SAS. 1 Readers of this manual are assumed to have

  8. Future Direction of National Fusion Research Tentative translation to English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Future Direction of National Fusion Research (Report) Tentative translation to English Office of Fusion Energy, Research and Development Bureau, MEXT January 8, 2003 Working Group on Fusion Research -----------------------------------------------------------------21 Attachment, Future Direction of National Fusion Research (Synopsis) ---------------28 #12

  9. Verb Classes and Alternations in Bangla, German, English, and Korean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Douglas A.

    1996-05-06

    In this report, we investigate the relationship between the semantic and syntactic properties of verbs. Our work is based on the English Verb Classes and Alternations of (Levin, 1993). We explore how these classes are ...

  10. The generation of regional pronunciations of English for speech synthesis. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitt, Susan

    1997-01-01

    Most speech synthesisers and recognisers for English currently use pronunciation lexicons in standard British or American accents, but as use of speech technology grows there will be more demand for the incorporation of ...

  11. Annotated Bibliography of Research in the Teaching of English (2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beach, Richard; Brendler, Beth; Dillon, Deborah; Dockter, Jessie; Ernst, Stacy; Frederick, Amy; Galda, Lee; Helman, Lori; Kapoor, Richa; Ngo, Bic; O'Brien, David; Scharber, Cassie; Jorgensen, Karen A.; Liang, Lauren; Braaksma, Martine; Janssen, Tanja

    2010-01-01

    While a number of studies in the 2010 Bibliography document the increased use of digital/media tools in the English classroom, they also suggest that given students' heavy use of digital/media tools in their homes, issues ...

  12. Language of the Internet NAOMI S. BARON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlini, David

    processing to facilitate working on the Internet and the World Wide Web (1.3) Section 2 Linguistic Issues for Communicating via the Web 1 As with so many aspects of the computing world, the nature of the language of this chapter. #12;2 summarize the types of Web coding systems (4.1) present an overview of Web markup languages

  13. Resources for Urdu Language Processing Sarmad Hussain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Processing National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences B Block, Faisal Town, Lahore, Pakistan the cor- pus and lexical resources being developed for Urdu by the CRULP, in Pakistan. 1 Introduction Urdu is the national language of Pakistan and one of the state languages of India and has more than 60 million first

  14. Optimization Modeling Languages Emmanuel Fragni`ere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gondzio, Jacek

    Optimization Modeling Languages Emmanuel Fragni`ere HEC, Department of Management, University, 1999 1 #12;Abstract The access to advanced optimization software needs more and more sophisticated modeling tools. Optimization modeling languages are tools that facilitate the decision making process based

  15. A pattern language for sacred secular places 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, Melanie Rachel

    2006-08-16

    Â?Pattern LanguageÂ? is a term popularized by Christopher Alexander and his coauthors of the book A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction, Sara Ishikawa, and Murray Silverstein in the late 1970Â?s. Though intended to enable every citizen...

  16. Natural Language Processing on the Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montréal, Université de

    Natural Language Processing on the Web Guy Lapalme RALI-DIRO, Université de Montréal ! http://www.iro.umontreal.ca/~lapalme #12;Overview · What is Natural Language Processing (NLP) · NLP for the Web · The Web for NLP 2 #12 recognition 5 #12;http://rali.iro.umontreal.ca #12;NLP for the syntactic Web search engines · NLP saved

  17. The Blue Language1 Michael Klling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    1 The Blue Language1 Michael Kölling School of Computer Science and Software Engineering Monash. The system we are about to discuss is named Blue. Blue is an integrated programming environment and an object. In this issue, we discuss the language aspects of Blue. Next month we will continue the discussion by describing

  18. Language processing and the thesaurus Yorick Wilks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilks, Yorick

    Language processing and the thesaurus Yorick Wilks University of Sheffield Abstract The purpose of this paper is to argue that two different features of a classic thesaurus like Roget (an abstract universal but important work of Masterman and Sparck Jones on the role of the thesaurus as a key language processing tool

  19. Factored Language Models for Statistical Machine Translation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koehn, Philipp

    Factored Language Models for Statistical Machine Translation Amittai E. Axelrod TH E U N I V E R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.4.3 Log-Linear, Phrase-Based Translation Models . . . . . . . . . 11 3 Statistical Language S ITY OF E D I N B U R G H Master of Science by Research Institute for Communicating and Collaborative

  20. Bibliography of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Reference Series 1994

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Criqui, Nan P.

    1995-01-01

    OF THE SCRIPPS INSTITUTION OF OCEANOGRAPHY REFERENCE SERIESScripps Institution of Oceanography. July 1994. 179p. 94-17Scripps Institution of Oceanography Reference Series 1994.

  1. Bibliography of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Reference Series 1997

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jennings, Paige A.

    1998-01-01

    SCRIPPS INSTITUTION OF OCEANOGRAPHY REFERENCE SERIES 97-01Scripps Institution of Oceanography Reference Series 1997.held at Scripps Institution of Oceanography 19 August 1997.

  2. Biomass Scenario Model Documentation: Data and References Lin...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Documentation: Data and References Lin, Y.; Newes, E.; Bush, B.; Peterson, S.; Stright, D. 09 BIOMASS FUELS BIOMASS SCENARIO MODEL; BSM; BIOMASS; BIOFUEL; MODEL; DATA; REFERENCES;...

  3. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 4B Albuquerque, New Mexico Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 4B Albuquerque, New...

  4. Surface Temperature Humidity Reference System Handbook - November 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MT Ritsche

    2005-11-30

    The Surface Temperature and Humidity Reference (SURTHREF) system is intended to provide accurate reference values of ambient temperature and relative humidity for comparison with radiosonde prelaunch values.

  5. A Method for Calculating Reference Evapotranspiration on Daily Time Scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, William

    Measures of reference evapotranspiration are essential for applications of agricultural management and water resources engineering. Using numerous esoteric variables, one can calculate daily reference evapotranspiration ...

  6. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    akfairbanksnew2004v1-47-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska Reference Buildings by Climate Zone...

  7. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    atxhoustonnew2004v1-47-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 2A Houston, Texas Reference Buildings by Climate Zone...

  8. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    mdbaltimorenew2004v1-47-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 4A Baltimore, Maryland Reference Buildings by Climate...

  9. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    agaatlantanew2004v1-47-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3A Atlanta, Georgia Reference Buildings by Climate Zone...

  10. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    usaflmiaminew2004v1-47-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 1A Miami, Florida Reference Buildings by Climate Zone...

  11. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    samthelenanew2004v1-47-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 6B Helena, Montana Reference Buildings by Climate Zone...

  12. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    acobouldernew2004v1-47-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 5B Boulder, Colorado Reference Buildings by Climate...

  13. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    awaseattlenew2004v1-47-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 4C Seattle, Washington Reference Buildings by Climate...

  14. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    nvlasvegasnew2004v1-47-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3B Las Vegas, Nevada Reference Buildings by Climate...

  15. Sample Contract Language for Information Technology Using Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Information Technology Using Energy-Efficient Products Sample Contract Language for Information Technology Using Energy-Efficient Products Document covers sample language that...

  16. Echoes of Folksongs in Bhutanese Literature in English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Chandra Shekhar

    2006-01-01

    quoted in various books in English by foreign authors. * Lecturer in English, College of Science and Technology, Royal Bhutan Institute of Technology. Journal of Bhutan Studies 103 Modernization... just once in her novel. She gives transliteration and translation of the ‘four verse songs’ that are sung to pinch a girl, Chhime. Suddenly one or two of the younger people started to sing the four verse songs. These playful songs sung in jest...

  17. Reference Design? | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/Colorado <RAPID/Geothermal/WaterEnergyRedfield CampusReedsville,Reference Design? Home

  18. Proceedings of the Workshop on Embodied Language Processing, pages 5158, Prague, Czech Republic, June 28, 2007. c 2007 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -old hearing student (Holt, 1991), and so software to translate English text into ASL animations can improve and evaluation of a prototype American Sign Language (ASL) generation component that produces animations of ASL it be a vehicle, human, animal, etc.) and what aspect of the entity the signer is de- scribing (surface, position

  19. Texas Dual Language Program Cost Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Galloway, Martha; Mahadevan, Lakshmi; Mason, Ben; Irby, Beverly J.; Brown, Genevieve; Gó mez, Leo

    2010-09-29

    stream_source_info CBAReport.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 92520 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name CBAReport.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Texas Dual Language Program Cost..., Texas January 2005 Texas Dual Language Program Cost Analysis 2 For Inquiries Contact 979-845-2599 Texas A&M University Bilingual Education Programs To view the Texas Directory of Dual Language Programs See http...

  20. DOES THE SPOKEN LANGUAGE HELP OR HINDER THE SPELLING IN THE SECOND LANGUAGE? A CASE OF INDONESIAN AND ACEHNESE LANGUAGE 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yulia, Astri

    2010-07-14

    The general purpose of this study was to examine the spelling of five phonemes that are similar in Acehnese and Indonesian but represented by different graphemes in the two languages. This study aimed to see whether the ...

  1. Query Languages and Tools for XML Documents and Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, John A.

    review the evolution of query languages starting in 1974 with SEQUEL and leading to today's SQL3 and OQLv.2 as well as emerging languages based on XML. Figure (1) depicts this evolution of query languages of the the object­oriented DBMS (OODBMS). The current OQL (Object Query Language, v.2) [Cattell et al., 1997] as we

  2. Department of Humanities Advanced Certificate in Modern Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Language and Area Study in French, German or Spanish must first complete the requirements: _____French (AFR) _____German (AGE) _____Spanish (ASP) I. Advanced Modern Language Seminar (3 credits required in Literature and Film ____ HU4291 Modern Language Seminar I ­ Spanish: Language and Power ____ HU4292 Modern

  3. IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages, Seattle, 1992 Dominoes and Storyboards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for visual programming languages have adhered to a set pattern: fixed pictures symbolizing program components visual programming languages are "icons on strings" The dream of visual programming has been to replace textual programming languages as the medium through which computers are instructed with a language

  4. What Makes a Good Programming Language ? Uday P. Khedker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khedker, Uday

    What Makes a Good Programming Language ? Uday P. Khedker Technical Report TR­97­upk­1 (October 1997) Department of Computer Science University of Pune Pune 411007 #12; What Makes a Good Programming Language A useful programming language need not possess the qualities that may make it a good programming language

  5. Standard ML as a Meta-Programming Language Samuel Kamin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamin, Sam

    Standard ML as a Meta-Programming Language Samuel Kamin Computer Science Dept. University of Illinois Urbana, Illinois s-kamin@uiuc.edu September 20, 1996 Abstract Meta-programming languages, or program generators, are languages whose programs pro- duce programs in other languages. We show how

  6. Little Languages and their Programming Environments John Clements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strickland, Stevie

    Little Languages and their Programming Environments John Clements½ Paul T. Graunke½ Shriram constantly design, implement, and program in little languages. Two different approaches to the implementation of little language designers to a badly neglected area: the programming environments of little languages. We

  7. Transaction Datalog: a Compositional Language for Transaction Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonner, Anthony

    Transaction Datalog: a Compositional Language for Transaction Programming Anthony J. Bonner International Work­ shop on Database Programming Languages (DBPL), Estes Park, Colorado, August 18--20 1997 languages. This paper focuses on the latter issue: languages for specifying non­classical transactions

  8. NLP and Linguistics Introduction to Natural Language Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, David A.

    guess: Just as good? 6 #12;More data needed to decide 7 #12;Poverty of the Stimulus 8 #12;Poverty frequencies of language Remember: Language = set of strings 9 #12;Poverty of the Stimulus (1957) Children frequencies of language 10 #12;Poverty of the Stimulus (1957) Children listen to language Children

  9. Brain Mechanisms in Early Language Acquisition Patricia K. Kuhl1,*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    attest, infants' neural commitment to the elementary units of language begins early, and the review showNeuron Review Brain Mechanisms in Early Language Acquisition Patricia K. Kuhl1,* 1Institute of the phonetic units of language requires learning in a social context. Neuroscience on early language learning

  10. Stromswold, Evolution & Genetics of Language 1 Genetics and the Evolution of Language: What genetic studies reveal about the evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stromswold, Karin

    Stromswold, Evolution & Genetics of Language 1 Genetics and the Evolution of Language: What genetic studies reveal about the evolution of language Karin Stromswold Rutgers University ­ New Brunswick Abstract. In this paper I argue that genetic studies of language provide insights about the evolution

  11. Designing a Language for Spatial Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhn, Werner; Ballatore, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    detailed vector data representing building roofs and otherbuilding footprint obtained from aerial photography by comparing it to ground survey data.building block for our domain-specific language consists of its ab- stract data

  12. Language design for distributed stream processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newton, Ryan Rhodes, 1980-

    2009-01-01

    Applications that combine live data streams with embedded, parallel, and distributed processing are becoming more commonplace. WaveScript is a domain-specific language that brings high-level, type-safe, garbage-collected ...

  13. ACE Project Service Command Language Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    .S.Air Force and the DefenseAdvanced Research ProjectsAgency under contract no. F30602-00-2-0581 and our development team the freedom to mold the ACE environment as is seen fit. This language, based

  14. Learning and the language of thought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piantadosi, Steven Thomas

    2011-01-01

    This thesis develops the hypothesis that key aspects of learning and development can be understood as rational statistical inferences over a compositionally structured representation system, a language of thought (LOT) ...

  15. BRASIL Language Specification March 9, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BRASIL Language Specification March 9, 2010 #12;Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 Getting Started: Simulations in BRASIL 4 2.1 The State-Effect Design Pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2 Supporting the State-Effect Pattern in BRASIL

  16. SSML: A speech synthesis markup language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Paul A; Isard, Amy

    1997-01-01

    This paper describes the Speech Synthesis Markup Language, SSML, which has been designed as a platform independent interface standard for speech synthesis systems. The paper discusses the need for standardisation in speech ...

  17. Decoding algorithms for complex natural language tasks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deshpande, Pawan

    2007-01-01

    This thesis focuses on developing decoding techniques for complex Natural Language Processing (NLP) tasks. The goal of decoding is to find an optimal or near optimal solution given a model that defines the goodness of a ...

  18. A Communication Backend for Parallel Language Compilers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shewchuk, Jonathan

    A Communication Backend for Parallel Language Compilers James M. Stichnoth and Thomas Gross Carnegie Mellon University Abstract. Generating good communication code is an important issue for all system usually implement the communication generation routines (e.g., message buffer packing

  19. Do All Languages Have Word Accent?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyman, Larry M

    2012-01-01

    suppletion, and possible words. Language 83, 8- de Lacy,Ignacio. 2006. “Remarks on word-prosodic typology”, ms. toStressTyp: A Database for Word Accentual Patterns in the

  20. Saving Languages with Statistics Kevin Scannell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scannell, Kevin Patrick

    languages in the world have no written tradition For many others, limited literacy, or no electricity let (Somalia) Songhay (Mali) Tagalog (Philippines) Tetum (East Timor) Turkmen (Turkmenistan) Welsh (Wales

  1. THE NOP-2 MODELING LANGUAGE Hermann Schichl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schichl, Hermann

    relaxations. supported by EU project COCONUT IST-2000-26063 285 #12;286 MODELING LANGUAGES IN MATHEMATICAL stopped in the meantime, and the authors work in the COCONUT [40] project towards a new solver platform

  2. A modular programming language for engineering design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffee, Thomas Merritt

    2008-01-01

    We introduce a new universal model of computation called MDPL that generalizes other functional models like the lambda calculus and combinatory logic. This model leads naturally to a new type of programming language that ...

  3. The Study of Minority Languages in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Zili

    1988-01-01

    The study of minority languages in the People's Republic of China, in the form of governmental organized research since the 1950s, has resulted in the recent publication of over fifty descriptive grammars. Some practical purposes of the study were...

  4. Celtic Language Technology and Kevin Scannell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scannell, Kevin Patrick

    Celtic Language Technology and Open Data Kevin Scannell Saint Louis University 23 August 2014 #12 81405 tweets in Manx, 1.5M words Some blogs; about 120k words Texts/recordings/videos at learnmanx

  5. Investigating Dual Language Models: A Case Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luevanos-Clemente, Ruby Nicole

    2014-09-26

    The general purpose of this research was to identify the characteristics, along with differences, of the dual language (DL) programs in elementary schools in two central schools in Texas. A secondary purpose was to analyze test scores over time...

  6. Computational and evolutionary aspects of language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niyogi, Partha

    of Mathematics, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK Department of Computer Science, University of Chicago of this Review is to formulate a synthesis of formal language theory21,22 , learning theory23­28 and evolutionary

  7. Dealing with data from West Nilotic languages 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remijsen, Bert

    2014-08-26

    Since 2005, the author has been involved in several projects aimed at investigating and documenting the Western Nilotic languages Dinka and Shilluk. Over the years he has come to distinguish primarily between two types of data, a distinction which...

  8. Speech-enabled Systems for Language Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tewari, Anuj

    2013-01-01

    Society. 2001. [78] Anuj Tewari et al. “SPRING: Speech andLanguage Learning by Anuj Tewari A dissertation submitted inCopyright 2013 by Anuj Tewari Abstract Speech-enabled

  9. Department of Energy Construction Safety Reference Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-09-01

    DOE has adopted the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations Title 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 1926 ``Safety and Health Regulations for Construction,`` and related parts of 29 CFR 1910, ``Occupational Safety and Health Standards.`` This nonmandatory reference guide is based on these OSHA regulations and, where appropriate, incorporates additional standards, codes, directives, and work practices that are recognized and accepted by DOE and the construction industry. It covers excavation, scaffolding, electricity, fire, signs/barricades, cranes/hoists/conveyors, hand and power tools, concrete/masonry, stairways/ladders, welding/cutting, motor vehicles/mechanical equipment, demolition, materials, blasting, steel erection, etc.

  10. 1993 Solid Waste Reference Forecast Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Valero, O.J.; Blackburn, C.L. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Kaae, P.S.; Armacost, L.L.; Garrett, S.M.K. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1993-08-01

    This report, which updates WHC-EP-0567, 1992 Solid Waste Reference Forecast Summary, (WHC 1992) forecasts the volumes of solid wastes to be generated or received at the US Department of Energy Hanford Site during the 30-year period from FY 1993 through FY 2022. The data used in this document were collected from Westinghouse Hanford Company forecasts as well as from surveys of waste generators at other US Department of Energy sites who are now shipping or plan to ship solid wastes to the Hanford Site for disposal. These wastes include low-level and low-level mixed waste, transuranic and transuranic mixed waste, and nonradioactive hazardous waste.

  11. A New Solar Irradiance Reference Spectrum

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries PrintA New Solar Irradiance Reference Spectrum

  12. Technical Reference for Hydrogen Compatibility of Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired Solar Fuel ProductionRecoverable15/2008 Technical Reference on

  13. Technical Reference on Hydrogen Compatibility of Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired Solar Fuel ProductionRecoverable15/2008 Technical Reference onType

  14. Technical Reference on Hydrogen Compatibility of Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired Solar Fuel ProductionRecoverable15/2008 Technical Reference onType1

  15. Administrator References and Logins | Advanced Photon Source

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge KiosksAboutHelp & Reference Users Home Contacts

  16. Property:Reference material | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report Url Jump to:Programmable WavemakingPurchasersReference

  17. Commercial Reference Buildings | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company)| Open EnergyColoradoBiomass EnergyCity,Commercial Reference

  18. Research on Second Language Acquisition: A Democratic Educational Concept 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly J.

    2010-10-22

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