Sample records for language english references

  1. English Language Policy 1 English Language Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    English Language Policy 1 English Language Policy Abstract This policy sets out UTS's requirements their courses of study. Dates Policy or amendment approved Policy or amendment takes effect Policy is due for review (up to 5 years) 03/11/2010 22/11/2010 11/2015 Policy amendment approved 02/11/2011 Approved

  2. English Language Centre Certificate in Academic English and Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    -class Reading Assessment READING WEEK 8 Evaluating academic articles Commenting on a text / Critiquing skills (1English Language Centre Certificate in Academic English and Law Appendix 1 ­ Provisional Syllabus test / Diagnostic grammar test 2 Intro to academic writing / Academic style Review of diagnostic tests

  3. Adult Female English Language Learners: Investment, Identity and Benefits 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wharton, Anna

    2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    for investing in the English language. This study explores the self-recounted experiences of three adult female English language learners’ (ELLs) motivation for investing in English language learning, their identities and the benefits gained in a nonacademic...

  4. Cross Language Transfer and Foreign Language Learning Motivation in English and Chinese 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Eunhee

    2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigated two issues: cross-language transfer among three typologically distant languages—Korean, English, and Chinese—and the language learning motivation of Korean students as it relates to two foreign languages...

  5. Caliban's Curse: The English Language and Nigeria's Underdevelopment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osundare, Niyi

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of English in Northern Nigeria (1900-1943)," InternationalLanguage Policy in Nigeria 1882-1952," International Journaland Politics in Colonial Nigeria (cambridge: POST, K. W. J.

  6. Titanium Language Reference Manual Version 2.20

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    Titanium Language Reference Manual Version 2.20 P. N. Hilfinger (editor), Dan Bonachea, Kaushik Berkeley, California 94720 #12;Titanium Language Reference Manual Version 2.20 P. N. Hilfinger (editor, and Katherine Yelick August, 2006 #12;Abstract The Titanium language is a Java dialect for high

  7. Improving Teaching and Learning for English Language Learners 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandel, Brooke E.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    While there has been tremendous growth in the numbers of Hispanics and English language learners (ELLs) in our public schools, there has been a lack of educational opportunities offered to these students resulting in low educational achievement...

  8. Selected critical bibliography of English-language books on Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Occasional Paper N° 3 Bryant C. Freeman Selected Critical Bibliography of English-Language Books on Haiti 531 Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas ÜNíVüKoí, , O r tirWiSAS LIBRARIES Bryant C. Freeman Selected Critical... Bibliography of English-Language Books on Haiti 1915 Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas 1995 Occasional Paper N° 3 University of Kansas Institute of Haitian Studies Occasional Papers Bryant C. Freeman, Ph.D. - General Editor No 1...

  9. Selected critical bibliography of English-language books on Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Selected Critical Bibliography of English-Language Books on Haiti 1999 This work has been made available by the University of Kansas Libraries’ Office of Scholarly Communication and Copyright... at the link below. Bryant, Freeman C. Selected Critical Bibliography of English-Language Books on Haiti,” Institute of Haitian Studies, University of Kansas, 1999 Published version: http://catalog.lib.ku.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon. cgi?bbid=2583945 Terms of Use...

  10. Estimation of English and non-English Language Use on the WWW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gregory Grefenstette; Julien Nioche

    2000-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The World Wide Web has grown so big, in such an anarchic fashion, that it is difficult to describe. One of the evident intrinsic characteristics of the World Wide Web is its multilinguality. Here, we present a technique for estimating the size of a language-specific corpus given the frequency of commonly occurring words in the corpus. We apply this technique to estimating the number of words available through Web browsers for given languages. Comparing data from 1996 to data from 1999 and 2000, we calculate the growth of a number of European languages on the Web. As expected, non-English languages are growing at a faster pace than English, though the position of English is still dominant.

  11. Selected critical bibliography of English-language books on Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Occasional Paper N° 3 Bryant C. Freeman Selected Critical Bibliography of English-Language Books on Haiti Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas Occasional Paper N° 3 Bryant C. Freeman ^ III Selected Critical it Bibliography... of English-Language Books on Haiti Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas 1998 University of Kansas Institute of Haitian Studies Occasional Papers B r y a n t C . F r e e m a n , P h . D . - S e r i e s E d i t o r N ° l - Konst i t i syon...

  12. Preschool English Language Learners with Disabilities: A Comparison of Recommended and Actual Language of Instruction Practices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cole, Corinna V.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigated, through survey methodology, the instructional practices of teachers of English Language Learners (ELLs) with disabilities in Preschool Programs for Children with Disabilities (PPCD). These practices were compared to best...

  13. Inclusion of English language learners in conversion small schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plett, Bethany Joy

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    policy of language learning (Callahan, 2005; Harper & Platt, 1998; Platt, Harper, Mendoza, 2003). Because ELL students are legally guaranteed specialized instruction in order to acquire English, small school reform that is focused on disrupting special..., 1995). Population growth is only part of the reason for a growth in ELL inclusion. Politics and budgets also motivate the decision to mainstream ELL students (Harklau, 1994a; Platt & Harper, 1998; Platt, Harper, Mendoza, 2003). Including ELL students...

  14. Language Ability and Social Withdrawal: Ratings of English Language Learning Children's Withdrawn Behavior in Native and Nonnative Language Contexts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ash, Andrea Christine

    2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This study is one of the first investigations of withdrawn behavior in English language learning (ELL) children. Children with communication difficulties are known to have increased levels of withdrawn behavior. Withdrawn ...

  15. Adult migrants and English language learning in museums: understanding the impact on social inclusion 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Sherice Nicole

    2013-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This doctoral study explores the museum as site and resource for language learning by adult migrants, refugees and asylum seekers. English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) provision has emerged over the past decade ...

  16. Linking Family Background and Home Language with English Reading Comprehension amog Bi/Multilinguals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yulia, Astri

    2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study is to examine the links between family background and home language factors on English reading achievement among bi/multilingual students. To explore the potential predictors of English reading achievement among bi...

  17. English Language Learners' Writing Behaviors During Literacy-Enriched Block Play 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snow, Marianne

    2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    While many researchers have explored the benefits of literacy-enriched play for monolingual English-speaking children, few have investigated English language learners’ (ELL) responses to this type of play. This thesis presents three groups of case...

  18. An Alternative Oral Proficiency and Expressive Vocabulary Assessment of Kindergarten English Language Learners 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walichowski, Miranda Fernande

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    different programs (Bilingual and Structured English Immersion) on the performance of Spanish-speaking English language learners (ELLs) in grades K to 3. My first research question was to determine to what extent a curriculumbased measure could be developed...

  19. Reading achievement of English language learners in 50/50 and 90/10 two-way dual language programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Nano Kathleen

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    My study investigated the effects of two 50/50 and two 90/10 two-way dual language programs on the reading achievement of 76 English Language Learners (ELLs) from the end of third grade to the end of fourth grade. My study used both quantitative...

  20. Reading achievement of English language learners in 50/50 and 90/10 two-way dual language programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Nano Kathleen

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    My study investigated the effects of two 50/50 and two 90/10 two-way dual language programs on the reading achievement of 76 English Language Learners (ELLs) from the end of third grade to the end of fourth grade. My study used both quantitative...

  1. Titanium Language Reference Manual, version 2.19 Paul N. Hilfinger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Titanium Language Reference Manual, version 2.19 Paul N. Hilfinger Dan Oscar Bonachea Kaushik Datta those of the Government, Sun Microsystems, or Microsoft. #12;Titanium Language Reference Manual Version, Geoff Pike, Jimmy Su, and Katherine Yelick November, 2005 #12;Abstract The Titanium language is a Java

  2. Exploring change in preservice teachers' beliefs about English language learning and teaching 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark-Goff, Kylah Lynn

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Increasing numbers of English language learners (ELLs) and diminishing services for those students is resulting in mainstream teachers across the United States taking on the responsibility of teaching ELLs. This demands the preparation of all...

  3. Preservice Teachers' Observations about Theatre as a Teaching Tool for English Language Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiese, Rachel

    2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This research reveals preservice teachers’ observations of their own experiences and their English Language Learners’ (ELL) experiences while performing in a full-scale, bilingual production of Peter Pan the Musical in Italy. Though existing...

  4. The language and culture barrier between English-speaking medical personnel and Spanish-speaking patients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barras, Brian James

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The growth of the Spanish-speaking population in Texas can cause barriers between many English-speaking medical personnel and Spanish-speaking patients. This research study will determine if a language barrier, considered in the context of two...

  5. Adult Female English Language Learners: Investment, Identity and Benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wharton, Anna

    2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    appreciated. Third, I thank everyone who helped me throughout my research: Dr. Bonny Norton and Dr. Ellen Skilton-Sylvester for their kind correspondences; the teams at iRIS and the IRB; Kerri Smith in the TLAC office; and the lovely people from... past surface motivation to investigating language investment and how a learner?s identity and learning experience interface, and the effect that each has on the other. Since the birth of Norton Peirce?s (1995) notion of investment, studies have...

  6. The Arabic Lexical Contributions to the English Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cannon, Garland; Kaye, Alan S.

    2007-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Abbreviations 5 N Noun NL New Latin obs. obsolete OF Old French OHG Old High German OIt Old Italian orig. originally part. participle Per Persian Pg Portuguese pI. plural Pol... 'hits' for Arabic etymologies therein (vs. 680 German and 114 Japanese). Introduction 14 This study utilizes recent sociolinguistic and lexicographic findings, so that scholars in fields not directly concerned with English or Arabic might find...

  7. Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTM Leading. www.ets.org/toefl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTM Listening. Learning. Leading. www.ets.org/toefl Information Internet-based testing ONLY. Information about TOEFL computer-based testing,TOEFL paper-based testing, and the Test of Spoken English is in a separate Bulletin. Read all of the information in this Bulletin

  8. Switch-reference and Omotic-Cushitic Language Contact in Southwest Ethiopia Yvonne Treis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Switch-reference and Omotic-Cushitic Language Contact in Southwest Ethiopia Yvonne Treis LLACAN. This study shows that there is a confined area in the South of Ethiopia where many Omotic languages and a few (Cushitic) and gives an overview of the distribution of switch-reference systems in Ethiopia in general

  9. Common Core State English Language Arts Standards Lesson 1: What I Know About the Aurora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    Common Core State English Language Arts Standards 2012-2013 Lesson 1: What I Know About the Aurora, speaking clearly at an understandable pace. Lesson 3: Aurora Comparisons Reading: Information Text RI.3 clearly. Lesson 4: Come See an Aurora Writing W.3.2, W.4.2, W.5.2. Write informative/explanatory texts

  10. Ulm University admissions statutes for the English language Master Programme "Energy Science and Technology"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfeifer, Holger

    programme "Energy Science and Technology" or any other study course with essentially the same content1-average examination results in the study course "Energy Science and Technology" or any other study courseUlm University admissions statutes for the English language Master Programme "Energy Science

  11. ?Muestreme el dinero!: assessing the linkage between Latino school superintendents and English language learner program resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theobald, Nick Andrew

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ?MU?STREME EL DINERO!: ASESING THE LINKAGE BETWEN LATINO SCHOL SUPERINTENDENTS AND ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNER PROGRAM RESOURCES A Disertation by NICK ANDREW THEOBALD Submited to the Ofice of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degre of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2007 Major Subject: Political Science ? 2007 NICK ANDREW...

  12. A case study of seven Taiwanese English as a foreign language freshman non-English majors' perceptions about learning five communication strategies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Grace Hui Chin

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary purpose of this study was to identify what were Taiwanese University English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners’ perceptions about learning communication strategies. This study collected qualitative data about students’ beliefs...

  13. A Configurable Reference Modelling Language1 M. Rosemanna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Systems, Configuration, Event-Driven Process Chains 1 This research project is financially supported by SAP Research. #12;- 2 - 1 Introduction Enterprise Systems (ES) offer business solutions for typical language used in the by far most successful Enterprise System (SAP) with configurable elements. Thus

  14. A Configurable Reference Modelling Language1 M. Rosemanna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    , Configuration, Event-driven Process Chains 1 This research project is financially supported by SAP Corporate reference models "just" depict the possible system capabilities and cannot sufficiently guide the project, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, w.m.p.v.d.aalst@tm.tue.nl Abstract Enterprise Systems (ES) are comprehensive off

  15. When language policy and pedagogy conflict: pupils’ and educators’ ‘practiced language policies’ in an English-medium kindergarten classroom in Greece 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papageorgiou, Ifigenia

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    An international school (BES) in Greece, overwhelmingly attended by Greek origin children, has adopted, as its language policy, English as the ‘official’ medium of interaction, including in the Reception classroom, the ...

  16. High-Stakes Reading Assessment and English Oral Language Development: A Study of Third Grade English Language Learners in a Texas School District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acosta, Sandra

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    between oral language and reading performance in third grade Hispanic ELLS, and (c) the impact of instructional program model on ELLs’ oral language development. Two parallel systematic reviews were conducted searching CSA, Ebsco and Wilson electronic...

  17. High-Stakes Reading Assessment and English Oral Language Development: A Study of Third Grade English Language Learners in a Texas School District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acosta, Sandra

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    between oral language and reading performance in third grade Hispanic ELLS, and (c) the impact of instructional program model on ELLs’ oral language development. Two parallel systematic reviews were conducted searching CSA, Ebsco and Wilson electronic...

  18. A Study Addressing Three Components of the National Bilingual Research Agenda for English Language Learners on High Stakes Assessment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Linda; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Galloway, Martha M.; Irby, Beverly J.

    2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    certified bilingual teachers; 38% were in the process of acquiring bilingual certification; 3% were native Spanish speakers who had alternative bilingual certification, and 1% were long-term substitutes. If a Home Language Survey completed by a student?s...). With the ultimate goal of producing students who are bilingual and biliterate, educators continually seek to better understand the interaction between the student?s home language and second language, English (DeLucca, 1998). Due to the limitations of existing...

  19. Hearing the Voices of Alternatively Certified Teachers in Texas: Narratives of Teaching English Language Learners in Urban Secondary Mainstream Classrooms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zannou, Yetunde

    2012-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In Texas, nearly half of all new teachers are alternatively certified (AC) whilst English language learners (ELL) are over one-third of the public school population in some districts. As this trend continues, the likelihood that AC teachers...

  20. The Impact of Teachers' Expectations, Parents' Expectations, and Academic Self-Efficacy on the Achievement of English Language Learners 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivera, Vivina

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Given the projected increase of Hispanic Spanish-speaking English language learners (ELLs), researchers have begun examining issues related to their high levels of school dropout, largely stemming from academic underachievement. ...

  1. Effect of bilingual education on students’ first language written discourse: a contrastive Spanish-English study using systemic functional linguistics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell-Reid, Corinne Rhona

    2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates whether studying through English has an effect on the written texts secondary school students produce in their first language, Spanish. Research in bilingual education has tended to focus on ...

  2. Possible heritage language loss in Hispanic students enrolled in English as a second language programs or in transitional bilingual education programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheffield, Mariagrazia Marzono

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    enrolled in Transitional Bilingual Education (TBE) classes and ten students were enrolled in English as a Second Language (ESL) classes, during the academic year 2004-2005. Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) in English and Spanish were measured over a short-term...

  3. A Study Addressing Three Components of the National Bilingual Research Agenda for English Language Learners on High Stakes Assessment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kujawa, Nadine; Cavazos, Gloria; Meyer, Doris; Rodriguez, Linda; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Galloway, Martha; Irby, Beverly J.

    2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    certification, and 1% were long-term substitutes. If a Home Language Survey completed by a student?s parents indicated that the language spoken in the home was Spanish, the student was administered the Woodcock- Mu?oz test or the IDEA test. Test results were... the student?s home language and second language, English (DeLucca, 1998). Due to the limitations of existing studies of effective bilingual education and the complexity of the phenomenon being studied, the researchers recognized a need for further research...

  4. Assessing Spanish Early Writing Development of Preschool English Language Learners and Its Link to English Early Writing Development 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, Esmeralda

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Children who speak limited English are at particular jeopardy of school failure because of multiple risk factors. In the later grades, these children have difficult y making progress towards state standards in English ...

  5. Evidentiality in English and Polish 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurajek, Beata

    2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis provides a synchronic account of evidentiality in English and Polish and the main ideas associated with the research on evidentiality with reference to these languages. Chapter 1 provides the review of main ...

  6. Language Learning as a Struggle for Distinction in Today’s Corporate Recruitment Culture: An Ethnographic Study of English Study Abroad Practices among South Korean Undergraduates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jang, In Chull

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to invest in another type of learning, as the capital turnsto various types of language learning practices pertainingabroad and other types of English learning for job seekers.

  7. The relationship of language proficiency, general intelligence, and reading achievement with a sample of low performing, limited English proficient students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Charlotte Kennedy

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    in first grade. Satisfactory internal consistency estimates were achieved with a sample of LEP students (n=24) on the UNIT, the Woodcock-Muñoz Language Survey (WMLS) in English and in Spanish, and the Batería Woodcock-Muñoz: Pruebas de Approvechamiento...

  8. Possible heritage language loss in Hispanic students enrolled in English as a second language programs or in transitional bilingual education programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheffield, Mariagrazia Marzono

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    weakening of an individual?s first language because of a concentrated focus on the development of L2 (English)? (Schiff-Myers, 1992, p.28). The loss can manifest itself in diminished oral language proficiency and/or in diminished literacy skills (i... intergenerational bridge between monolingualisms? (Pease-Alvarez, 2002, p.115). This phenomenon is common even in well-established ethnic groups (i.e. Hispanics and Asians) (Smith, 2001; Tse, 2001). Although the Hispanic populace is currently the 3 largest...

  9. Teachers’ and Administrators’ Perceptions of the Antecedents of School Dropout among English Language Learners at Selected Texas Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doll, Jonathan Jacob

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    the largest U.S. population of English language learners, this has significant implications for ELLs. In addition, the Hispanic Dropout Project reported a 30-35% dropout rate on selected groups of Hispanics at the end of the project, many of whom were also... APPENDIX K: OPEN-ENDED RESPONSES ON ELL DROPOUT PREVENTION............................................................ 240 APPENDIX L: THEMES OF RESPONSES OF ELL DROPOUT PREVENTION............................................................ 245...

  10. Psychometric Evaluation of the Listening Sentence Span Task: A Working Memory Measure for English Language Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rios, Joseph A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    General, 133(2), 189-217. Kolen, M.J. (2004). Linkingmethod referred to by Kolen (2004) as battery scaling can be

  11. ENSEÑANZA DE INGLÉS COMO LENGUAJE EXTRANJERO (EILE) ENGLISH LANGUAGE ACQUISITION FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN COSTA RICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Annabelle

    2011-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    . The other noted in the databases was by Edwards (1994) regarding mathematics exploration in Logo. Therefore, the significance of the EILE project as a controlled research study for elementary students and secondary students in Costa Rica is important.... (1994). Mathematical explorations in Logo: Report of a pilot study from Costa Rica. Educational Technology, 34(5), 56-61. Fidaoui, D., Bahous, R., & Bacha, N.(2010). CALL in Lebanese elementary ESL writing Classrooms. Computer Assisted Language...

  12. An analysis of the reliability and validity of the Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test (NNAT) with English language Learner (ELL) Mexican American children 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villarreal, Carlo Arlan

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability and validity of the results of the Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test (NNAT; Naglieri, 1997a) with a sample of English Language Learner (ELL) Mexican American ...

  13. Spanish and English language usage by rural and urban Spanish-American families in two South Texas counties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahoney, Mary Katherine

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    T, Hall, The Silent ~Lanka ueee, (Garden City, New york: Doubleday snd Company, 195~9 , p. 61. 8 Joshua A. Fishman and V. C. Nahriny, ~o. cit. These include: Mary L. Cothran, "An Analysis of Occupational Patterns Among Rural snd Urban Spanish... the acculturation of this population group. Moreovery the studies have not attempted to relate Spanish and English language usage by Spanish-Americans to these particular factors. This thesis 22 Jurgen Ruesch and Weldon Kees, Nonverbal Communication IB 2 2 y: 2...

  14. Assessing English as a Second Language: From Classroom Data to a Competence-Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bull, Susan

    method, to an open learner model (OLM) for use by teachers to support their formative assessment work into English teaching in schools [4], and teachers plan activities to address the competences. Our OLM provides orchestration [5]. In this paper we introduce the OLM as a teacher and learner feedback tool, describe data

  15. SOCIAL SITUATION, AGE AND GENDER ASSIGNMENT TO ENGLISH NOUNS:. A STUDY OF SOCIOLOGY OF LANGUAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conboy, Judith Lee

    1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of contrast. sets ... is relative to the environment within which it occurs. Thus the mutual exclusion in English between 'ant' and 'ship' (Conklin, 1962:127) or between 'hamburger' and 'rainbow' (Frake, 1962:79) is not contrast in this sense, because... the environment which they share is not culturally relevant. As Frake (1962:79) puts it, 'In writing rules for classifying hamburgers I must say something about hot dogs, whereas f can ignore rainbows. Two categories contrast only when the difference between them...

  16. The relationship of language proficiency, general intelligence, and reading achievement with a sample of low performing, limited English proficient students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Charlotte Kennedy

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    -related validity of the Universal Nonverbal Intelligence Test (UNIT) with a sample of lowperforming, Hispanic students. The third purpose was to explore the contribution of language proficiency in the dominant language (L1) and the language proficiency...

  17. Subject-specific Study and Examination Regulations for the advanced English language Master's Online Program "Advanced Oncology" offered by the Medical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulm, Universität

    's Online Program "Advanced Oncology" offered by the Medical Faculty of Ulm University of 6 February 2012Subject-specific Study and Examination Regulations for the advanced English language Master At the proposal of the Medical Faculty, the Senate of Ulm University, in its meeting of 19 January 2012, adopted

  18. A4 2 ( 2 2 ) The Japanese version shall be the authorized version; the English translation for reference only

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    to the submitted "statement of personal objectives". No Computers, LCD projector, OHP, and other devices for reference only Format of "Statement of personal objectives" for Department of Social Informatics Department of personal objectives" stated in IV. Application materials in the "October 2010 Admissions; Guidelines

  19. The roles of working memory, language proficiency, and training in simultaneous interpretation performance: evidence from Chinese-English bilinguals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzou, Yeh-Zu

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Simultaneous interpretation is a cognitively demanding task involving concurrent listening and speaking in two languages. Successful performance in this task likely relies on a good working memory, which reflects a person’s ability to process...

  20. The roles of working memory, language proficiency, and training in simultaneous interpretation performance: evidence from Chinese-English bilinguals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzou, Yeh-Zu

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    , Just, and Carpenter (1994), working memory is capable of both processing and storing information and is considered to be the site for both carrying out various language processes and holding intermediate and/or final products of comprehension...

  1. Texas Dual Language Program Cost Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Galloway, Martha; Mahadevan, Lakshmi; Mason, Ben; Irby, Beverly J.; Brown, Genevieve; Gómez, Leo

    2010-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    .......................................................................................................... 4 Texas Dual Language Program Cost Analysis............................................................... 8 Literature Review ............................................................................................................. 8 English... inclusivity, dual language (DL) programs (sometimes referred to as two-way immersion) have seen a rapid increase in Texas and the nation, however, an extensive review of literature indicated that no national or state-wide studies have addressed the issue...

  2. An examination of the use of repair strategies of elementary English as a second language (ESL) students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Eun Hye

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    collected from five participants who were in two different types of ESL classes: (1) instruction centered class; and (2) language related game-playing class. In order to investigate the variable of grade levels, first and second grade students’ ESL class...

  3. Course Syllabus-"Sketches of Spain": Spain in Contemporary Mass and Visual Culture Language of Instruction: English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Course Syllabus-"Sketches of Spain": Spain in Contemporary Mass and Visual Culture Language and assets and in the development of Spain's main industries and businesses, leveraging the legacy would address questions such as: how is "Spanish-ness" been fabricated in Spain and outside? how does

  4. A Study Addressing Three Components of the National Bilingual Research Agenda for English Language Learners on High Stakes Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Linda; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Galloway, Martha M.; Irby, Beverly J.

    2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    .................................................... 3 Significance of the Study................................................. 5 Research Questions .......................................................... 7 Definitions of Terms.... Social and academic routines 5. Amount of academic content facilitated by teachers 6. Predominance of communication mode (reading, writing, speaking, listening) 7. Teacher perceptions of language occurrences in their classrooms and actual classroom...

  5. Do you see what I'm saying? The effect of British Sign Language on deaf children's written English 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nordmann, Emily

    2008-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    An investigation was carried out into the effect of inclusion in a Total Communication or Sign Bilingual programme upon deaf children's written English, based upon the theory of linguistic interdependence (Cummins, 1991). ...

  6. A Short Reference Grammar of Standard Slovene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Marc L.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A reference grammar of the Slovene language designed for advanced-level language users and linguists to compare semantic categories across languages.

  7. * The Japanese version is the authoritative version, and this English translation is intended for reference purposes only. Should any discrepancies or doubts arise between the two

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Hirosuke

    version will prevail. The University of Tokyo Regulations on Early Retirement of Academic the retirement allowance prescribed in Article 5 (hereinafter referred to as the "early retirement program"). 2. The guidelines for implementing the early retirement program defined in the preceding paragraph shall

  8. Voices of Four Taiwanese College Students' Experiences with the Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC) Preparation (PREP) Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, To-Yu

    2014-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    ?” The four participating students were selected from 50 college juniors who used the TOEIC PREP software for two semesters in order to prepare for the TOIEC test. All of the students majored in Applied Foreign Languages and were enrolled in a required TOIEC...

  9. DIGITAL Visual Fortran Language Reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , DIGITAL, FX!32, OpenVMS, VAX, VAX FORTRAN, and the DIGITAL logo are trademarks ofDigital Equipment

  10. Semantic and pragmatic language development in typical acquisition, autism spectrum disorders, and Williams syndrome with reference to developmental neurogenetics of the latter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modyanova, Nadezhda N

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The elucidation of the biological bases of a complex trait like human language proceeds from identification of precise behavioral phenotypes to investigation of the underlying genes. The human behavioral parts of this ...

  11. NEED HELP WITH YOUR APPLICATION? Visit HealthCare.gov or call us at 1-800-XXX-XXXX. Para obtener una copia de este formulario en Espaol, llame 1-800-XXX-XXXX. If you need help in a language other than English, call 1-800-XXX-XXXX and tell the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    NEED HELP WITH YOUR APPLICATION? Visit HealthCare.gov or call us at 1-800-XXX-XXXX. Para obtener una copia de este formulario en Español, llame 1-800-XXX-XXXX. If you need help in a language other than English, call 1-800-XXX-XXXX and tell the customer service representative the language you need

  12. Haitian-English Dictionary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.; Laguerre, Jowel C.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abbreviations xxxv Haitian-English Dictionary I PREFACE Most of us experience the need from time to time to consult a dictionary, but few of us feci the inclination to read a dictionary preface. For those few who do, we hope that their curiosity..., and increasingly so, the language of politics administration, business, education, culture, elegant society, and of course religion, not only in the country "s towns hut in its capital city as well. With this ever-widening use comes the need for an ever...

  13. Haitian-English Dictionary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.; Laguerre, Jowel C.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    o-n xlii Abbreviations xliii Haitian-English Dictionary 1 vii P R E F A C E Most of us experience the need from time to time to consult a dictionary, but few of us feel the inclination to read a dictionary preface. For those few who do, we hope...-widening use comes the need for an ever-widening vocabulary, re­ sulting by necessity in an ever-increasing number of terms, many of which would in all probability be unknown to the average peasant, but which are becoming, or have become, part of the language...

  14. Reading, Language, & The Brain: Research,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    socioeconomic groups, Economically disadvantaged children, English language learners, and students with Dyslexia speech-sound disorders and dyslexia. HTI serves to communicate this knowledge to the public through

  15. more.PART-TIME ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    without this learning experience at SCS." James, who has worked with Honeywell in South Korea, is Project Engineer for Honeywell Canada. " #12;LEARN.UTORONTO.CA 1 " Shape Your Future The School of Continuing

  16. Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    language other than English; and knowledge or ability in a functional area (for example, knowledge of reactor safety principles for a nuclear engineering position concerned...

  17. SM71A-2 Ginzburg-Landau Model for Whistler Wave Amplification... http://www.agu.org/cgi-bin/SFgate/SFgate?language=English&verb... 1 of 2 3/10/05 11:47 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Chung-Sang

    SM71A-2 Ginzburg-Landau Model for Whistler Wave Amplification... http://www.agu.org/cgi-bin/SFgate/SFgate?language Fall Meeting New Search #12;SM71A-2 Ginzburg-Landau Model for Whistler Wave Amplification... http://www.agu.org/cgi-bin/SFgate/SFgate?language" ------------------------------ HR: 0830h AN: SM71A-23 TI: Ginzburg-Landau Model for Whistler Wave Amplification, Saturation

  18. Using similar tasks to increase negotiation of meaning and language production in an online second language learning environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arslanyilmaz, Abdurrahman

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigates the use of authentic subtitled similar task videos (ASSTVs) and their relationship to second language negotiation of meaning and language production among non-native speakers of English in an online task-based language...

  19. Balkan South-East Corpora Aligned to English Elena Paskaleva

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avgustinova, Tania

    Balkan South-East Corpora Aligned to English Elena Paskaleva Institute for Parallel Processing The paper describes the new corpus of 9 Balkan Southeast languages (BSEC) aligned to English with a volume partner proposed the portal known as Balkan-News, http://www.setimes.org. The languages presented

  20. BA in ENGLISH LANGUAGE (554924) MAP Sheet Department of Linguistics and English Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsen Jr., Dan R.

    ­4 Variable Hours 4.0 2.0 2.0 3­6.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 0­3.0 3­20.0 6.0 3.0 3.0 3­5.0 3­7.0 3.0 6.0 Variable 30.0 120 Ling 551 Anthropological Linguistics (Continued in next column) 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0

  1. BA in ENGLISH LANGUAGE (554924) MAP Sheet Department of Linguistics and English Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsen Jr., Dan R.

    ­4 Variable Hours 4.0 2.0 2.0 3­6.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 0­3.0 3­20.0 6.0 3.0 3.0 3­5.0 3­7.0 3.0 6.0 Variable 30.0 120 Text Processing & Analysis LingC 355 Text Encoding & Markup (Continued in next column) 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0

  2. Academic Language Proficiency Development and Its Impact on Reading Comprehension: Within and Across Languages 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spies, Tracy

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A path model of second language (L2; English) oral language and reading comprehension variables was tested on a sample of 100 Spanish-speaking English-language learners enrolled in a transitional bilingual program over a 3-year period. The data...

  3. Four-Field Model for Dispersive Field-Line Resonances in Collision... http://www.agu.org/cgi-bin/SFgate/SFgate?language=English&verb... 1 of 2 3/10/05 11:46 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Chung-Sang

    Four-Field Model for Dispersive Field-Line Resonances in Collision... http://www.agu.org/cgi-bin/SFgate/SFgate?language" ------------------------------ HR: 1330h AN: SM22A-13 TI: Four-Field Model for Dispersive Field-Line Resonances in Collisionless theoretical model is proposed for dispersive field-line resonances in magnetospheric plasmas. The model

  4. Four-Field Model for Dispersive Field-Line Resonances in the Colli... http://www.agu.org/cgi-bin/SFgate/SFgate?language=English&verb... 1 of 2 3/10/05 11:44 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Chung-Sang

    Four-Field Model for Dispersive Field-Line Resonances in the Colli... http://www.agu.org/cgi-bin/SFgate/SFgate?language: 10:45h AN: SM21B-08 TI: Four-Field Model for Dispersive Field-Line Resonances in the Collisionless. Recently, we have proposed a new theoretical model for FLRs in collisionless magnetospheric plasmas

  5. CAMAC Command Language February 1993

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    CAMAC Command Language Reference Manual February 1993 Software Version: MDS 5.2 VAX/VMS Version 4 Equipment Corporation: CDD DECnet VAX DATATRIEVE DECUS VAXcluster DEC MicroVAX VAX Information Architecture

  6. C++ References Kenneth I. Joy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    . It enabled me to see how to use the language to accomplish what I wanted to do. ffl Scott Meyer's Book gave plate'' member functions came very close to the ``complete class'' paradigm, that I developed from Meyer that I attempt to utilize. #12; C++ References Page 2 of 3 Lippman, Stanley B., C++ Primer, 2nd Edition

  7. Mind the Gap: English L2 Learners of Russian and the Null Possessive Pronoun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Comer, William J.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article compares the usage patterns of possessive pronouns in contemporary English and Russian prose, by analyzing two original language texts and in their translations into the other language. The cross linguistic ...

  8. Poroelastic references

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Christina Morency

    This file contains a list of relevant references on the Biot theory (forward and inverse approaches), the double-porosity and dual-permeability theory, and seismic wave propagation in fracture porous media, in RIS format, to approach seismic monitoring in a complex fractured porous medium such as Brady?s Geothermal Field.

  9. Poroelastic references

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christina Morency

    2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This file contains a list of relevant references on the Biot theory (forward and inverse approaches), the double-porosity and dual-permeability theory, and seismic wave propagation in fracture porous media, in RIS format, to approach seismic monitoring in a complex fractured porous medium such as Brady?s Geothermal Field.

  10. Reference Material

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection RadiationRecord-SettingHead ofReference-Documents Sign In

  11. Haitian-English Dictionary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . With this ever-widening use comes the need for an ever-widening vocabulary, resulting by necessity in an ever-increasing number of terms, many of which would in all probability be unknown to the average peasant, but which are becoming, or have become, part... of the language. Every language grows to meet the needs of its speakers, and as needs vary, terms unknown to many necessarily come into usage - but which nonetheless are authentic components of the language. Because people living in remote areas might not know...

  12. Picture this : developing deaf students' ASL and written English through picture journals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jabali, Jessica Ann

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sign Language- English) by Jessica Ann Jabali Committee inCarol Padden Copyright Jessica Ann Jabali, 2009 All rightsreserved. The thesis of Jessica Ann Jabali is approved and

  13. Reference Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection RadiationRecord-SettingHead ofReference-Documents Sign In About |

  14. A computational model of quantification in natural language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenney, Avril (Avril Frances)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural languages have various ways of expressing quantification, such as the English words "some" and "all." Different such words exist in different languages, and the same word can communicate quite different quantities ...

  15. Examining Dual Language, Bilingual, and ESL Teachers’ Knowledge, Professional Development Experiences, and Perceptions About Second Language Programs In Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franco-Fuenmayor, Susana Elena

    2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The rapid increase of the English Language Learner (ELL) student population in the United States and their continued lack of achievement means that research must focus on examining differences between the types of second language programs...

  16. COSY INFINITY reference manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berz, M.

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a reference manual for the arbitrary order particle optics and beam dynamics code COSY INFINITY. It is current as of June 28, 1990. COSY INFINITY is a code to study and design particle optical systems, including beamlines, spectrometers, and particle accelerators. At its core it is using differential algebraic (DA) methods, which allow a very systematic and simple calculation of high order effects. At the same time, it allows the computation of dependences on system parameters, which is often interesting in its own right and can also be used for fitting. COSY INFINITY has a full structured object oriented language environment. This provides a simple interface for the casual user. At the same time, it offers the demanding user a very flexible and powerful tool for the study and design of systems, and more generally, the utilization of DA methods. The power and generality of the environment is perhaps best demonstrated by the fact that the physics routines of COSY INFINITY are written in its own input language and are very compact. The approach also considerably facilitates the implementation of new features because they are incorporated with the same commands that are used for design and study. 26 refs.

  17. Article semantics in second language acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ionin, Tania

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines article choice and parameter-setting in second language (L2) acquisition. It argues, on the basis of L2-English elicitation and production data, that L2- learners have access to UG-based semantic ...

  18. DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH & LINGUISTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    University; St. Charles, MO Staff Writer, Mexico (MO) Ledger Theatrical Designer; Bear Creek Resort interconnected classes and events. · An English, Creative Writing, or Linguistics degree from Truman will prepare

  19. Command Language Interpreters February 1993

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    MDS Command Language Interpreters Reference Manual February 1993 Software Version: MDS 5.2 VAX.S.A. The following are trademarks of Digitial Equipment Corporation: CDD DECnet VAX DATATRIEVE DECUS VAXcluster DEC MicroVAX VAX Information Architecture DEC/CMS MicroVMS VMS DEC/MMS Rdb/VMS VT IDL (Interactive Data

  20. English Language Please contact us for more information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    of undergraduates, graduate students, postdoctoral researchers, and University employees who want to upgrade

  1. Dr Deng Xudong Centre for English Language Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    ? #12;Understanding about review True or False 1. The preparation of a literature review is a three #12;Strategies for writing a LR Search Read Prepare to write Write Indicate the gap #12;Overall;Information Elements Context Review Gap (Purpose) #12;Task 1 Read the first 9 sentences of the Graphene paper

  2. Dr Deng Xudong Centre for English Language Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    literature review? #12;Understanding about review True or False 1. The preparation of a literature review General conclusions about the state of the art #12;Strategies for writing a LR Search Read Prepare;Example of a review article Graphene: Status and Prospects (Introduction) Growing opportunities Quantum

  3. Enrollment Form 20142015 ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von der Heydt, Rüdiger

    , 2014 (Registra on period is November 10, 2014 ­ January 25, 2015) Strengthening Oral/CC BUDGET APPROVAL TOTAL COST METHOD OF PAYMENT REFUND POLICY If a student withdraws from. By checking this box, I cer fy that I have read and understand the informa on in this form, including

  4. The Klingon Language Version of the World English Bible: Psalms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Joel (translator)

    , 'Iv Sornav je ta'taH ghobe' wither. Whatever ghaH ta'taH DIchDaq chep. 1:4 The mIgh 'oH ghobe' vaj, 'ach 'oH rur the yub nuq the SuS drives DoH. 1:5 vaj the mIgh DIchDaq ghobe' Qam Daq the yoj, ghobe' yemwI'pu' Daq the tay' ghotpu' vo' the Qa...Ipu' tlhap qeS tay', Daq joH'a', j e Daq Daj ngoHta', { Note: The mu' ngoHta' ghaH the rap as the mu' vaD Messiah joq Christ } ja'ta', 2:3 Let's ghor chaj bonds mob, je chuH chaj cords vo' maH. 2:4 ghaH 'Iv sits Daq the chal DIchDaq laugh. The joH DIch...

  5. Dacia Maraini's Norma '44: An English Language Translation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Re, Lucia; Streifer, Monica

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a German voice calls insistently. VOICE: Hauptmann Hoffmann!Hauptmann Hoffmann! Sie sind von der Ober gewünscht! 2A butcher’s future, Captain Hoffmann. You are so dogmatic,

  6. DETERMINANTS OF INTERNATIONAL NEWS COVERAGE BY INDIAN ENGLISH- LANGUAGE NEWSPAPERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Alok

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    significant. Table 4. Infrastructure News Contribution Frequency Percent API/AFP/Reuters 123 42.7 Indian News Agency 96 33.3 Indian Correspondents 40 13.9 Foreign News Org. 22 7.6 Collaboration 7 2.4 Total 288 100.0 Researchers identified... 4 World of Determinants 5 Religion and Science & Technology 7 National Threat and National Traits 8 Relatedness and Cultural Affinity 9 Deviance, Involvement, and Prominence...

  7. Academic Oral English Development Among Spanish-speaking English Language Learners: Comparing Transitional Bilingual and Structured English Immersion Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tong, Fuhui; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly; Mathes, Patricia; Kwok, Oi-man

    2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    D1 1 D2 1 Time 2 PV 2 LC2 D3 D4 1 1 Time 3 LC3PV3 D6D5 11 Measurement Model Hypothetic Model Fit Indices RMSEA = .00 CFI = 1.00 SRMR = .03 545. 078.3)88,4(2 = == p N? I S Time1 Time2 Time 1 1 1 0 1 2 D1 1 D2 1 D3 1... Hypothetic Model final Time 1 PV1 LC1 D1 1 D2 1 Time 2 PV 2 LC2 D3 D4 1 1 Time 3 LC3PV3 D6D5 11 I S 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 2.0 Program p-value CFI RMSEA SRMR SEI-E 1.562 0.211 0.989 0.079 0.000 SEI-T 2.108 0.349 0.999 0.028 0.055 TBE-E 2.95 0...

  8. Oral English development and its impact on emergent reading achievement: a comparative study of transitional bilingual and structured english immersion models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tong, Fuhui

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This quantitative study derived from an on-going federal experimental research project targeting Spanish-speaking English language learners (ELLs) receiving services in four program models: control/experimental transitional bilingual education (TBE...

  9. The Rhetoric of “Japanese with English Abilities”: Analyzing the Discourse of English Curriculum Reform and Its Problems with the Mext's ‘Action Plan’ 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watanabe, Ken

    2013-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I would examine the discourse of Japan’s English language education reform for primary and secondary schools through the close reading of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Science and Technology’s (MEXT) “‘Action Plan: Cultivating...

  10. Towards a Formal Semantics for a Structurally Dynamic Noncausal Modelling Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nilsson, Henrik

    modelling approach, promoting the reuse of components. Modelica is a prime example of this class of lan, many of these languages are referred to as object-oriented mod- elling languages. Modelica [23] is one

  11. Proceedings of the First Workshop on Applying NLP Tools to Similar Languages, Varieties and Dialects, pages 5867, Dublin, Ireland, August 23 2014.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    between more languages1, they still struggle to discriminate between similar languages such as Croatian on the availability of data) languages that have been studied in previous experiments, such as Croatian, English

  12. The English-only movement as it impacts police officers: interviews with law enforcement personnel 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shekdar, Wendy Jones

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to explore the views of police officers working in a diverse community toward the English-only movement and related language legislation. Using a qualitative approach, this study attempted to fill a gap...

  13. Dependency reordering features for Japanese-English phrase-based translation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz-Brown, Jason Edward

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Translating Japanese into English is very challenging because of the vast difference in word order between the two languages. For example, the main verb is always at the very end of a Japanese sentence, whereas it comes ...

  14. Linguistic norms of Hong Kong English in computer-mediated communication 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poon, Wing Kin Vinton

    2011-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Hong Kong is widely known as a bilingual city. In addition to the locally spoken Cantonese, the vast majority of Hong Kong Chinese people are also able to speak English, the ex-colonial and the international language ...

  15. Decision Problems for Recognizable Languages of Infinite Pictures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ¨ohrle have considered in [ATW03] acceptance of languages of infinite two-dimensional words (infinite pictures] for many results and references. Altenbernd, Thomas and W¨ohrle have considered in [ATW03] acceptance

  16. Language Interoperability and Logic Programming Languages 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Jonathan J

    We discuss P#, our implementation of a tool which allows interoperation between a concurrent superset of the Prolog programming language and C#. This enables Prolog to be used as a native implementation language for Microsoft's .NET platform. P...

  17. High frequency reference electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kronberg, J.W.

    1994-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A high frequency reference electrode for electrochemical experiments comprises a mercury-calomel or silver-silver chloride reference electrode with a layer of platinum around it and a layer of a chemically and electrically resistant material such as TEFLON around the platinum covering all but a small ring or halo' at the tip of the reference electrode, adjacent to the active portion of the reference electrode. The voltage output of the platinum layer, which serves as a redox electrode, and that of the reference electrode are coupled by a capacitor or a set of capacitors and the coupled output transmitted to a standard laboratory potentiostat. The platinum may be applied by thermal decomposition to the surface of the reference electrode. The electrode provides superior high-frequency response over conventional electrodes. 4 figs.

  18. Earlier Caribbean English and Creole in writing Bettina Migge Susanne Mhleisen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Earlier Caribbean English and Creole in writing Bettina Migge Susanne Mühleisen University College of these languages. This paper surveys linguistic research on early written texts in the anglophone Caribbean Research on Caribbean English-lexicon Creoles has made use of early textual documents collected

  19. NYU-Fair Isaac-RWTH 07 Chinese to English Entity Translation System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the overall architecture of the Chinese to English ACE 2007 EDR and ET (Entity Translation) system developed MT results. We also combine Chinese EDR and English EDR systems according to different entity types, and encode the difference between two language EDRs to improve ET results. In addition, we incorporated

  20. Creating a Cognitive Agent in a Virtual World: Planning, Navigation, and Natural Language Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hewlett, William

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Language Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Language Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  1. Optical voltage reference

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rankin, R.; Kotter, D.

    1994-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    An optical voltage reference for providing an alternative to a battery source is described. The optical reference apparatus provides a temperature stable, high precision, isolated voltage reference through the use of optical isolation techniques to eliminate current and impedance coupling errors. Pulse rate frequency modulation is employed to eliminate errors in the optical transmission link while phase-lock feedback is employed to stabilize the frequency to voltage transfer function. 2 figures.

  2. Factors which affect programming decision-making of public information radio tape service by Spanish-language broadcasters in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pina, Manuel

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    impetus to this thesis project. One Texas Agricultural Extension Service study in El Paso by Daniel C. Pfannstiel and Starley M. Hunter points out that language preference and understanding of Spanish or English, or both languages, are major factors...

  3. Application Protocol Reference Architecture Application Protocol Reference Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Sinderen, Marten

    Application Protocol Reference Architecture 165 Chapter 7 Application Protocol Reference Architecture This chapter proposes an alternative reference architecture for application protocols. The proposed reference architecture consists of the set of possible architectures for application protocols

  4. Indiana University Department of Second Language Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    , is required. The teaching load will be two courses per semester and include such courses as Teaching English for Academic Purposes, Methods for Teaching ESL/EFL to Adults, and undergraduate Teaching Second/Foreign Languages to Adults. Shared supervision of graduate student teaching assistants in ESL. Applicants should

  5. ILU 2.0beta1 Reference Manual Bill Janssen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janssen, Bill

    ILU 2.0beta1 Reference Manual Bill Janssen parc.xerox.com> Mike Spreitzer parc@xerox.com> Dan Larner parc@xerox.com> Chris Jacobi parc@xerox.com> (with contributions from Doug-Language Unification (ILU) system. Lots of people contributed significant amounts of code to the ILU system, including

  6. QUICK REFERENCE: Nexis service 5.1 July 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    off as many as you need. 4. Enter a search term. 5. Click on red search button. Quick ReferenceIndexing TechnologyTM in your search. 3. Search using "Terms and Connectors" or "Natural Language." Choose your preference at the top of the form. 4. Enter your keywords or phrases. 5. To refine search, click on Add

  7. Value of Information References

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Morency, Christina

    This file contains a list of relevant references on value of information (VOI) in RIS format. VOI provides a quantitative analysis to evaluate the outcome of the combined technologies (seismology, hydrology, geodesy) used to monitor Brady's Geothermal Field.

  8. Value of Information References

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morency, Christina

    2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This file contains a list of relevant references on value of information (VOI) in RIS format. VOI provides a quantitative analysis to evaluate the outcome of the combined technologies (seismology, hydrology, geodesy) used to monitor Brady's Geothermal Field.

  9. Precision displacement reference system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bieg, Lothar F. (Albuquerque, NM); Dubois, Robert R. (Albuquerque, NM); Strother, Jerry D. (Edgewood, NM)

    2000-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A precision displacement reference system is described, which enables real time accountability over the applied displacement feedback system to precision machine tools, positioning mechanisms, motion devices, and related operations. As independent measurements of tool location is taken by a displacement feedback system, a rotating reference disk compares feedback counts with performed motion. These measurements are compared to characterize and analyze real time mechanical and control performance during operation.

  10. Membrane reference electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Redey, L.; Bloom, I.D.

    1988-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A reference electrode utilizes a small thin, flat membrane of a highly conductive glass placed on a small diameter insulator tube having a reference material inside in contact with an internal voltage lead. When the sensor is placed in a non-aqueous ionic electrolytic solution, the concentration difference across the glass membrane generates a low voltage signal in precise relationship to the concentration of the species to be measured, with high spatial resolution. 2 figs.

  11. Developing General Literacy Ability and Intercultural Sensitivity through English Literacy Instruction: Using Global Literature for Korean EFL Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Jiyoung

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explored L2 literacy ability and intercultural sensitivity of Korean late elementary to early middle school students learning English as a foreign language. This study investigated the latent variable structure ...

  12. English in India and the role of the elite in the national project the elite in the national project1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and an intellectual bend towards obscurantism and non-modernism, thus considered as useless studies. 4 The available, linked to the English language, is sharpened by the new technologies (Bhattacharya 1998 : 45

  13. Extrinsic Evaluation of Web-Crawlers in Machine Translation: a Case Study on CroatianEnglish for the Tourism Domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Way, Andy

    Extrinsic Evaluation of Web-Crawlers in Machine Translation: a Case Study on Croatian case study is on Croatian to English translation in the tourism domain. Given two crawlers, we build in July 2013, and of the Croatian language, which became then an official language of the EU. Croatian

  14. Multifunctional reference electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Redey, L.; Vissers, D.R.

    1981-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A multifunctional, low mass reference electrode of a nickel tube, thermocouple means inside the nickel tube electrically insulated therefrom for measuring the temperature thereof, a housing surrounding the nickel tube, an electrolyte having a fixed sulfide ion activity between the housing and the outer surface of the nickel tube forming the nickel/nickel sulfide/sulfide half-cell are described. An ion diffusion barrier is associated with the housing in contact with the electrolyte. Also disclosed is a cell using the reference electrode to measure characteristics of a working electrode.

  15. Aluminum reference electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sadoway, D.R.

    1988-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A stable reference electrode is described for use in monitoring and controlling the process of electrolytic reduction of a metal. In the case of Hall cell reduction of aluminum, the reference electrode comprises a pool of molten aluminum and a solution of molten cryolite, Na[sub 3]AlF[sub 6], wherein the electrical connection to the molten aluminum does not contact the highly corrosive molten salt solution. This is accomplished by altering the density of either the aluminum (decreasing the density) or the electrolyte (increasing the density) so that the aluminum floats on top of the molten salt solution. 1 fig.

  16. Aluminum reference electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sadoway, Donald R. (Belmont, MA)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A stable reference electrode for use in monitoring and controlling the process of electrolytic reduction of a metal. In the case of Hall cell reduction of aluminum, the reference electrode comprises a pool of molten aluminum and a solution of molten cryolite, Na.sub.3 AlF.sub.6, wherein the electrical connection to the molten aluminum does not contact the highly corrosive molten salt solution. This is accomplished by altering the density of either the aluminum (decreasing the density) or the electrolyte (increasing the density) so that the aluminum floats on top of the molten salt solution.

  17. Multifunctional reference electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Redey, Laszlo (Lisle, IL); Vissers, Donald R. (Naperville, IL)

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A multifunctional, low mass reference electrode of a nickel tube, thermocouple means inside the nickel tube electrically insulated therefrom for measuring the temperature thereof, a housing surrounding the nickel tube, an electrolyte having a fixed sulfide ion activity between the housing and the outer surface of the nickel tube forming the nickel/nickel sulfide/sulfide half-cell. An ion diffusion barrier is associated with the housing in contact with the electrolyte. Also disclosed is a cell using the reference electrode to measure characteristics of a working electrode.

  18. Incidental Noticing and EFL Students’ Subsequent Second Language Learning in Synchronous Text-based Discussion: An Investigation of Both NES-NNES and NNES-NNES Dyads 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kung, Wan-Tsai

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigated Taiwanese English as Foreign Language (EFL) learners' incidental noticing and their subsequent language learning in relation to learner proficiency level and dyadic type in a text-based computer-mediated communication...

  19. Mariya A. Butnar English 390

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Frederick M.

    , electricity, and coal. The atmosphere of Earth was destroyed, the people left were dying and those who couldButnar 1 Mariya A. Butnar English 390 Short Story Dreaming of Electric Sheep "She was an android the planet Earth, you know the one we learned about in school, had become so polluted from the dangerous

  20. Early English Books on microfilm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    search term in one box, or two if you are combining or excluding terms. You can leave the Search Three. In the next search box, enter the words early english books. Leave the other defaults alone. Now access the catalog (libcat.wichita.edu), change the default to Advanced Search: Step Two. Place your

  1. Grant Reference Lead / Sole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rank Overall Score Grant Reference Lead / Sole Grant Grant Holder Research Organisation Project of Birmingham Controls on Soil Carbon Export revealed by Novel Tracers on multiple timescales (SCENT) Standard Grant DEC12 8 8 NE/K011871/1 N Melanie Leng NERC British Geological Survey A 500,000-year environmental

  2. HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT REFERENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faraon, Andrei

    Principal Investigators 7 Laboratory Personnel 8 EH&S Personnel 8 HAZARDOUS WASTE ACCUMULATION AREAS 9 Satellite Accumulation Area 9 Waste Accumulation Facility 10 HAZARDOUS WASTE CONTAINER MANAGEMENT LabelingHAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT REFERENCE GUIDE Prepared by Environment, Health and Safety Office

  3. CONCRETE PAVEMENT Reference Manual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CONCRETE PAVEMENT Reference Manual Prepared for Federal Highway Administration Office of Pavement by National Concrete Pavement Technology Center at Iowa State University 2711 South Loop Drive, Suite 4700 No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No. 4. Title and Subtitle 5. Report Date February 2008 Concrete Pavement

  4. MSL ENTERANCE REFERENCE AREA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    MSL ENTERANCE LOBBY ELEV STAIRS SSL-019 REFERENCE AREA SSL-021 GROUP STUDY SSL-018 STUDY ROOM SSL-029 SSL-020 COPY ROOM SSL-022 GROUP STUDY SSL-026 STACKS SSL-023 GROUP STUDY SSL-024 GROUP STUDY SSL TBL-014 TBL-014A STAIRS SSL-007 GIS/ WORKROOM SSL-011 SSL-008 SSL-009 SSL-010 SSL-014 SSL-017 STAIRS

  5. Cisco Reference Configurations for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Surajit

    ............................................................................................. 10 EMC VNX5500 Storage Layout.0 with EMC VNX5500 Series Storage Systems White Paper November 2012 © 2012 Cisco and/or its affiliates. AllCisco Reference Configurations for Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Fast Track Data Warehouse 4.0 with EMC

  6. OSH technical reference manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In an evaluation of the Department of Energy (DOE) Occupational Safety and Health programs for government-owned contractor-operated (GOCO) activities, the Department of Labor`s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recommended a technical information exchange program. The intent was to share written safety and health programs, plans, training manuals, and materials within the entire DOE community. The OSH Technical Reference (OTR) helps support the secretary`s response to the OSHA finding by providing a one-stop resource and referral for technical information that relates to safe operations and practice. It also serves as a technical information exchange tool to reference DOE-wide materials pertinent to specific safety topics and, with some modification, as a training aid. The OTR bridges the gap between general safety documents and very specific requirements documents. It is tailored to the DOE community and incorporates DOE field experience.

  7. Reference Undulator Measurement Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolf, Zachary; Levashov, Yurii; /SLAC; ,

    2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The LCLS reference undulator has been measured 22 times during the course of undulator tuning. These measurements provide estimates of various statistical errors. This note gives a summary of the reference undulator measurements and it provides estimates of the undulator tuning errors. We measured the reference undulator many times during the tuning of the LCLS undulators. These data sets give estimates of the random errors in the tuned undulators. The measured trajectories in the reference undulator are stable and straight to within {+-}2 {micro}m. Changes in the phase errors are less than {+-}2 deg between data sets. The phase advance in the cell varies by less than {+-}2 deg between data sets. The rms variation between data sets of the first integral of B{sub x} is 9.98 {micro}Tm, and the rms variation of the second integral of B{sub x} is 17.4 {micro}Tm{sup 2}. The rms variation of the first integral of B{sub y} is 6.65 {micro}Tm, and the rms variation of the second integral of B{sub y} is 12.3 {micro}Tm{sup 2}. The rms variation of the x-position of the fiducialized beam axis is 35 {micro}m in the final production run This corresponds to an rms uncertainty in the K value of {Delta}K/K = 2.7 x 10{sup -5}. The rms variation of the y-position of the fiducialized beam axis is 4 {micro}m in the final production run.

  8. STEP Intern Reference Check Sheet

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    STEP Intern Reference Check Sheet, from the Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP).

  9. Perceptions of perfective done: a study of language attitudes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krueger, Misty Sabrina

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PERCEPTIONS OF PERFECTIVE DONE: A STUDY OF LANGUAGE ATTITUDES A Thesis by MISTY SABRINA KRUEGER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS... May 2003 Major Subject: English PERCEPTIONS OF PERFECTIVE DONE: A STUDY OF LANGUAGE ATTITUDES A Thesis by MISTY SABRINA KRUEGER Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS...

  10. Optomechanical reference accelerometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerberding, Oliver; Melcher, John; Pratt, Jon; Taylor, Jacob

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an optomechanical accelerometer with high dynamic range, high bandwidth and read-out noise levels below 8 {\\mu}g/$\\sqrt{\\mathrm{Hz}}$. The straightforward assembly and low cost of our device make it a prime candidate for on-site reference calibrations and autonomous navigation. We present experimental data taken with a vacuum sealed, portable prototype and deduce the achieved bias stability and scale factor accuracy. Additionally, we present a comprehensive model of the device physics that we use to analyze the fundamental noise sources and accuracy limitations of such devices.

  11. Appendix A: Reference case

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion CubicPotentialNov-14 Dec-14 Jan-1538,469Appendix E4 Reference

  12. Appendix A: Reference case

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion CubicPotentialNov-14 Dec-14 Jan-1538,469Appendix E4 Reference4

  13. Appendix A: Reference case

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion CubicPotentialNov-14 Dec-14 Jan-1538,469Appendix E4 Reference46

  14. Appendix A: Reference case

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion CubicPotentialNov-14 Dec-14 Jan-1538,469Appendix E44 Reference

  15. Appendix A: Reference case

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2CubiccurrentFor2 Reference

  16. Appendix A: Reference case

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2CubiccurrentFor2 Reference4

  17. Appendix A: Reference case

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2CubiccurrentFor2 Reference46

  18. Appendix A: Reference case

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2CubiccurrentFor2 Reference464

  19. Appendix A: Reference case

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2CubiccurrentFor24 Reference

  20. Appendix A: Reference case

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2CubiccurrentFor24 Reference6

  1. Appendix A: Reference case

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2CubiccurrentFor24 Reference68

  2. REFERENCES Baines, W. D.

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilAElectronicCurvesSpeedingScientificof ScientificQ LA-UR- " "REFERENCES

  3. References to Astrophysics Papers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand Requirements Recently Approved JustificationBio-Inspired SolarReferences to

  4. Antares Reference Telescope System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Viswanathan, V.K.; Kaprelian, E.; Swann, T.; Parker, J.; Wolfe, P.; Woodfin, G.; Knight, D.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Antares is a 24-beam, 40-TW carbon-dioxide laser-fusion system currently nearing completion at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. The 24 beams will be focused onto a tiny target (typically 300 to 1000 ..mu..m in diameter) located approximately at the center of a 7.3-m-diameter by 9.3-m-long vacuum (10/sup -6/ torr) chamber. The design goal is to position the targets to within 10 ..mu..m of a selected nominal position, which may be anywhere within a fixed spherical region 1 cm in diameter. The Antares Reference Telescope System is intended to help achieve this goal for alignment and viewing of the various targets used in the laser system. The Antares Reference Telescope System consists of two similar electro-optical systems positioned in a near orthogonal manner in the target chamber area of the laser. Each of these consists of four subsystems: (1) a fixed 9X optical imaging subsystem which produces an image of the target at the vidicon; (2) a reticle projection subsystem which superimposes an image of the reticle pattern at the vidicon; (3) an adjustable front-lighting subsystem which illuminates the target; and (4) an adjustable back-lighting subsystem which also can be used to illuminate the target. The various optical, mechanical, and vidicon design considerations and trade-offs are discussed. The final system chosen (which is being built) and its current status are described in detail.

  5. Coal data: A reference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report, Coal Data: A Reference, summarizes basic information on the mining and use of coal, an important source of energy in the US. This report is written for a general audience. The goal is to cover basic material and strike a reasonable compromise between overly generalized statements and detailed analyses. The section ``Supplemental Figures and Tables`` contains statistics, graphs, maps, and other illustrations that show trends, patterns, geographic locations, and similar coal-related information. The section ``Coal Terminology and Related Information`` provides additional information about terms mentioned in the text and introduces some new terms. The last edition of Coal Data: A Reference was published in 1991. The present edition contains updated data as well as expanded reviews and additional information. Added to the text are discussions of coal quality, coal prices, unions, and strikes. The appendix has been expanded to provide statistics on a variety of additional topics, such as: trends in coal production and royalties from Federal and Indian coal leases, hours worked and earnings for coal mine employment, railroad coal shipments and revenues, waterborne coal traffic, coal export loading terminals, utility coal combustion byproducts, and trace elements in coal. The information in this report has been gleaned mainly from the sources in the bibliography. The reader interested in going beyond the scope of this report should consult these sources. The statistics are largely from reports published by the Energy Information Administration.

  6. transformation languages Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nierstrasz, Oscar

    transformation languages Introduction Transformation languages are widely used for to process can I change / transform the design of a certain task without changing it's logic The common/and hierarchical or/and abstract set of information. It can even be a stream of data. · The transformation engine

  7. Languages Mentor Job description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Jim

    Blue 1 Languages Mentor Job description Department: Student Administration and Registry Location: Varies - as advised by the Outreach and Partnership Team Job title: Languages Mentor Responsible to: UK overall for e-mentoring 4 mentees (based on a rate of £6.42 per hour this amounts an average of 30 minutes

  8. Russophonia: Towards a Transnational Conception of Russian-Language Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caffee, Naomi Beth

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nuclear weapons. The poem hinges on the dual meaning of the Russian word for “test,”nuclear testing (just as “test ban” in English refers most directly to weapons

  9. CH 6 REFERENCES.DOC 6-1 6 References

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    REFERENCES.DOC Allan, S., A. R. Buckley, and J. E. Meacham. 2001. Atlas of Oregon. Second Edition. William J

  10. Nuclear Science References Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Pritychenko; E. B?ták; B. Singh; J. Totans

    2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nuclear Science References (NSR) database together with its associated Web interface, is the world's only comprehensive source of easily accessible low- and intermediate-energy nuclear physics bibliographic information for more than 210,000 articles since the beginning of nuclear science. The weekly-updated NSR database provides essential support for nuclear data evaluation, compilation and research activities. The principles of the database and Web application development and maintenance are described. Examples of nuclear structure, reaction and decay applications are specifically included. The complete NSR database is freely available at the websites of the National Nuclear Data Center http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nsr and the International Atomic Energy Agency http://www-nds.iaea.org/nsr.

  11. Long life reference electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yonco, R.M.; Nagy, Z.

    1987-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    An external, reference electrode is provided for long term use with a high temperature, high pressure system. The electrode is arranged in a vertical, electrically insulative tube with an upper portion serving as an electrolyte reservoir and a lower portion in electrolytic communication with the system to be monitored. The lower end portion includes a flow restriction such as a porous plug to limit the electrolyte release into the system. A piston equalized to the system pressure is fitted into the upper portion of the tube to impart a small incremental pressure to the electrolyte. The piston is selected of suitable size and weight to cause only a slight flow of electrolyte through the porous plug into the high pressure system. This prevents contamination of the electrolyte but is of such small flow rate that operating intervals of a month or more can be achieved. 2 figs.

  12. Landscapes as references for design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batchelor, James P

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a study of the ways in which the forms in landscapes - natural terrain adapted and inhabited - can serve as references in architectural design. As references for design, landscapes provide a richness of responses ...

  13. The Effects of Bilingual Education on Language, Achievement, and Self-Efficacy of Hispanic Students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hewitt, Lisa A.

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Much controversy exists surrounding the education of Hispanic English Language Learners (ELLs). This large and growing group presents significant challenges to educators. Foremost among these challenges is the question of whether bilingual...

  14. Ethnic Language and East Asian Endogamy and Exogamy in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan, Jie-Sheng

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    logistic regression models to investigate the influence of ethnic language on the probabilities of endogamy and exogamy of East Asians in the U.S. Ethnicity, English ability, gender, age, nativity status, and college education are included. Findings...

  15. The Effects of Bilingual Education on Language, Achievement, and Self-Efficacy of Hispanic Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hewitt, Lisa A.

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    or English-only education is most appropriate for enhancing ELLs? language proficiency and achievement. Despite decades of controversy and research in the field of bilingual education, the debate is ongoing. Additionally, Hispanic ELLs are profoundly affected...

  16. Budget Reconciliation Procedures Reference Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    Budget Reconciliation Procedures Reference Guide eDev Course Number FMS723 Subject Area Budget Northwestern University #12;Reference Guide Budget Reconciliation Table of Contents Helpful Contacts....................................................................................... 14 723QuickRefGuidev1.4 2 of 14 #12;Reference Guide Budget Reconciliation Helpful Contacts Below

  17. Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cree, Johnathan V.; Dansu, A.; Fuhr, P.; Lanzisera, Steven M.; McIntyre, T.; Muehleisen, Ralph T.; Starke, M.; Banerjee, Pranab; Kuruganti, T.; Castello, C.

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Buildings Technologies Office (BTO), within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), is initiating a new program in Sensor and Controls. The vision of this program is: • Buildings operating automatically and continuously at peak energy efficiency over their lifetimes and interoperating effectively with the electric power grid. • Buildings that are self-configuring, self-commissioning, self-learning, self-diagnosing, self-healing, and self-transacting to enable continuous peak performance. • Lower overall building operating costs and higher asset valuation. The overarching goal is to capture 30% energy savings by enhanced management of energy consuming assets and systems through development of cost-effective sensors and controls. One step in achieving this vision is the publication of this Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide. The purpose of the guide is to inform building owners and operators of the current status, capabilities, and limitations of sensor technologies. It is hoped that this guide will aid in the design and procurement process and result in successful implementation of building sensor and control systems. DOE will also use this guide to identify research priorities, develop future specifications for potential market adoption, and provide market clarity through unbiased information

  18. Principles of Science Principles of Biology Reference Edition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    topics such as cancer, climate change and ocean health #12;How can the Principles of Biology Reference · Weekly usage reports · Advice to students seeking science careers · English communication guide to Scientific Communication · Guide to Career Planning · Insight into current science research hot topics High

  19. Statistical Language Modelling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotoh, Yoshihiko; Renals, Steve

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the underlying models from large amounts of data. Importantly, such statistical approaches often produce useful results. Statistical approaches seem especially well-suited to spoken language which is often spontaneous or conversational and not readily amenable...

  20. Adaptation of Pronunciation Dictionaries for Recognition of Unseen Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    investigates LVCSR systems in 15 languages of the world, namely Arabic, Chinese, Croatian, English, French Speakers Word units Training Data TrCD TrCI TrCD TrCI Chinese ­ 5149 ­ 79 150K Croatian 2826 2616 62 64 80K), Croatian, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tamil and Turkish. In each

  1. The Linguistic Norms of Hong Kong English in Computer-mediated Communication 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poon, Wing Kin Vinton

    2011-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Hong Kong is widely known as a bilingual city. In addition to the locally spoken Cantonese, the vast majority of Hong Kong Chinese people are also able to speak English, the ex-colonial and the international language which has played an important role in the community since the colony was founded. This linguistic situation has given rise to a local variety of English. Recognising the distinct form and function of this variety, scholars (e.g. Bolton 2002, Joseph 2004: 132-161) have argued that the linguistic features in the English spoken by Hong Kong people should be identified as Hong Kong English (HKE)....Observing that certain Hong Kong English features specific to computer-mediated communication (CMC) have been developed through communication among bilingual Hong Kong Chinese on the internet, I believe that Hong Kong English in CMC should be seen... of Hong Kong English, and its linguistic features are analysed. Then, the nature of computer-mediated communication is explored. I look at how this context has affected the use of language in general, and HKE specifically. The distinctive HKE features...In order to argue that CHKE is a variety of its own, I look at how various scholars define ‘variety’ and similar notions such as ‘language’, ‘dialect’, ‘sociolect’, and ‘register’. Seeing that the concept of norms is essential in determining whether a variety is ‘systematically different’, I explore the nature of social norms and linguistic norms. A model of norms is proposed, identifying three kinds of linguistic norms: formal norms, contextual norms and identity norms....I present the results of a survey I conducted that aims to elicit Hong Kong people’s attitudes towards CHKE. Analysis of the data obtained from the survey shows that linguistic norms of CHKE have emerged. Not only is CHKE recognised by its users as a distinct variety, this variety also has an identity marking function that is not seen in other forms of written HKE....

  2. Optical probe with reference fiber

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Da Silva, Luiz B. (Danville, CA); Chase, Charles L. (Dublin, CA)

    2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A system for characterizing tissue includes the steps of generating an emission signal, generating a reference signal, directing the emission signal to and from the tissue, directing the reference signal in a predetermined manner relative to the emission signal, and using the reference signal to compensate the emission signal. In one embodiment compensation is provided for fluctuations in light delivery to the tip of the probe due to cable motion.

  3. FAQS Reference Guide- Chemical Processing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the February 2010 edition of DOE-STD-1176-2010, Chemical Processing Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  4. FAQS Reference Guide – Emergency Management

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the January 2004 edition of DOE-STD-1177-2004, Emergency Management Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  5. FAQS Reference Guide – Industrial Hygiene

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the November 2007 edition of DOE-STD-1138-2007, Industrial Hygiene Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  6. FAQS Reference Guide – Construction Management

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the March 2004 edition of DOE-STD-1180-2004, Construction Management Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  7. FAQS Reference Guide – Environmental Compliance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the June 2011 edition of DOE-STD-1156-2011, Environmental Compliance Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  8. Extensions to Metadata Languages for Environmental Primary Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IBANEZ, LUIS M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Climate Science Modelling Language 51. CSML Customizable85. EML Educational Modelling Language 86. EPML EPC MarkupLanguage Educational Modelling Language Rule Markup Language

  9. Ris Energy Report 6 References Reference list for Chapter 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø Energy Report 6 References Reference list for Chapter 3 1. European Commission. (2007). Communication from the Commis- sion to the European Council and the European Parliament ­ An energy policy of the Brussels European Council 8/9 March 2007. Brussels. (7224/1/07 Rev. 1). 3. Danish Energy authority. (2007

  10. Appendix E References | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    NEPA Reading Room SEIS for the Production of Tritium in a Commercial Light Water Reactor Reference Documents Appendix E References Appendix E References Crosswalk of...

  11. POET with C++ Reference Manual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buhr, Peter Allan

    POET with #22;C++ Reference Manual University of Waterloo David Taylor and Peter A. Buhr c #3; 1996 July 23, 2006 #3; Permission is granted to make copies for personal or educational use #12; 2 POET Reference Manual Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 Before Starting POET 3 3 Accessing POET 3 4 User Interface 3 5

  12. NIST Cloud Computing Reference Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perkins, Richard A.

    NIST Cloud Computing Reference Architecture Recommendations of the National Institute of Standards Publication 500-292 #12;i NIST Special Publication 500-292 NIST Cloud Computing Reference Architecture, John Messina, Lee Badger and Dawn Leaf Information Techonology Laboratory Cloud Computing Program

  13. Language acquisition and implication for language change: A computational model. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Robert A J

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Computer modeling techniques, when applied to language acquisition problems, give an often unrealized insight into the diachronic change that occurs in language over successive generations. This paper shows that using ...

  14. Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications, III aerosols: Issue 164

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Razuvaev, V.N.; Ssivachok, S.G. [All-Russian Research Inst. of Hydrometeorological Information-World Data Center, Obninsk (Russian Federation)

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents abstracts in Russian and translated into English of important Russian-language literature concerning aerosols as they relate to climate change. In addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  15. Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications. 4: General circulation models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burtis, M.D. [comp.] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; Razuvaev, V.N.; Sivachok, S.G. [All-Russian Research Inst. of Hydrometeorological Information--World Data Center, Obninsk (Russian Federation)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents English-translated abstracts of important Russian-language literature concerning general circulation models as they relate to climate change. Into addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  16. Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications: II, Clouds. Issue 159

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burtis, M.D. [comp.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents abstracts (translated into English) of important Russian-language literature concerning clouds as they relate to climate change. In addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  17. REFERENCE CHECK QUESTIONS Candidate Name:_____________________ Date of Reference:_____________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provancher, William

    are the candidate's most significant strengths? Any areas for improvement? If you were in a position to hire:_____________ Reference Name:_____________________ Company:____________________ Conducted by:_______________________ Phone (name) handle conflict? How about pressure? Stress? Describe the candidate's productivity, commitment

  18. Bosnian Croatian Serbian Language Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    Bosnian · Croatian · Serbian Language Program U M Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures In the past 10 years the program of Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian at U-M has constantly been expanding

  19. Natural language and spatial reasoning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tellex, Stefanie, 1980-

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Making systems that understand language has long been a dream of artificial intelligence. This thesis develops a model for understanding language about space and movement in realistic situations. The system understands ...

  20. Named entity tagged language models. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotoh, Yoshihiko; Renals, Steve; Williams, Gethin

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce Named Entity (NE) Language Modelling, a stochastic finite state machine approach to identifying both words and NE categories from a stream of spoken data. We provide an overview of our approach to NE tagged language model (LM...

  1. Diminutive Nouns and Verbs in Slovene Compared to Their English Equivalents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sicherl, Eva

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (see, for example, Bauer 2002, 1678). It is also worth noting that most of these formations in Slovene have been imported from foreign languages (usually English, often via German) as anglicisms or have been partly calqued (e.g., miniskirt > minikrilo.... Adams (2001, 55–58) covers diminutives in more de- tail, listing eight nominal suffixes with (partly) diminutive meaning. Further, Bauer (2002, 1677–78) lists five regular suffixes, two prefixes, and a few irregular or his- torical forms. Schneider...

  2. Language Issues for Cognitive Radio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kokar, Mieczyslaw M.

    INVITED P A P E R Language Issues for Cognitive Radio Computer languages that may be useful for expressing cognitive radio concepts are identified and evaluated in this tutorial paper. By Mieczyslaw M aspects of formal languages in the context of cognitive radio. A bottom up approach is taken in which

  3. SPEECH-LANGUAGE-HEARING CLINIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    SPEECH-LANGUAGE- HEARING CLINIC AT OSU-TULSA The OSU-Tulsa Speech-Language-Hearing Clinic provides comprehensive services to the Tulsa metropolitan area while offering training opportunities for graduate communication (AAC) OSU-TULSA SPEECH-LANGUAGE-HEARING CLINIC North Hall 391 700 N. Greenwood Avenue Tulsa, OK

  4. TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ) developed by the International Standards Organization TC32 SC4, which is to serve as a basis for harmonizingChapter # TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE RESOURCES Nancy Ide and Laurent Romary-284" #12;2 Chapter # Language Engineering Standards (EAGLES) and the International Standard for Language

  5. Workshop on Composition Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Jean-Guy

    European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming #12;#12;Workshop on Composition Languages (WCL 2002 and Thomas Genssler Co-located with the 16th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming #12;Copyright in Malaga, Spain on June 11, 2002. The workshop was affiliated with the 16th European Conference on Object

  6. The Impact of Science Notebook Writing on ELL and Low-SES Students' Science Language Development and Conceptual Understanding 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huerta, Margarita

    2013-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This quantitative study explored the impact of literacy integration in a science inquiry classroom involving the use of science notebooks on the academic language development and conceptual understanding of students from diverse (i.e., English...

  7. FAQS Reference Guide – Occupational Safety

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the July 2011 version of DOE-STD-1160-2011, Occupational Safety Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  8. Safeguards and Security Program References

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The manual establishes definitions for terms related to the Department of Energy Safeguards and Security (S&S) Program and includes lists of references and acronyms/abbreviations applicable to S&S Program directives. Cancels the Safeguards and Security Glossary of Terms, dated 12-18-95. Current Safeguards and Security Program References can also be found at Safeguards and Security Policy Information Resource (http://pir.pnl.gov/)

  9. Internship Guidelines Department of English and Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    Internship Guidelines Department of English and Linguistics Truman State University #12;Internships in English and Linguistics As a student, an internship offers you the chance to apply skills and theories learned in the classroom to a career situation; internships very often also give students new

  10. ADAPTING A VOCABULARY NOTEBOOK STRATEGY TO THE NEEDS OF COMMUNITY COLLEGE ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taveggia, Diane Elizabeth

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    , and the students in your class. You all so graciously invited me into your classroom and accommodated my requests for your time and energy so generously. I was fortunate, indeed, to happen into that happy circumstance. vii In addition, thanks to my... Appendix U Sentence Models 1..................................................................... 241 Appendix V Sentence Models 2...................................................................... 242 Appendix W Sentence Models 3...

  11. Principals' perceptions of autonomy to implement change for English language learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valdivia, Isabel Patricia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    learning environments, monitoring of student achievement, increased opportunities for learning and focused

  12. English as a second language teachers' perceptions and use of classroom-based reading assessment. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Yueming

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to explore ESL teachersÂ? perceptions and use of classroom-based reading assessments. The research questions underpinning this study were: 1) What types of classroom-based reading assessments ...

  13. Examining the nature of deaf children's vocabulary learning : British Sign Language (BSL) and written English 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warnock, Kristen

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present study had three aims: firstly, we wished to examine the nature of deaf children’s semantic representations on ‘familiar’ and ‘less familiar’ vocabulary items (determined by naming ability). Four tasks were ...

  14. Improving the Education of Hispanic English Language Learners: Examining Educational Resilience and Effective Instructional Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valle, Melisa

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    -resilient comparison (Israelashvili & Wegman-Rozi, 2003; Judge, 2005; Lynch, Geller, & Schmidt, 2004; Waxman, Huang, & Padr?n, 1997; Werner, 2000). Summary Early school years are critical for cognitive and social skills development because from an early age...

  15. Early identification of Hispanic English language learners for gifted and talented programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquierdo, Jennifer Joy

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    the assessment of the escalating Hispanic student population, the underrepresentation of Hispanics in gifted and talented (GT) programs has developed into a critical educational concern (Bernal, 2002; Irby & Lara-Alecio, 1996; Ortiz & Gonzalez, 1998...

  16. An Examination of the Predictive Validity of Early Literacy Measures for Korean English Language Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nam, Jeanie Eunjoo

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of ESL children. Annals of Dyslexia, 50, Good, R. H. , &Reading Development and Dyslexia: Towards a Cross-LinguisticTheoretical Framework. Dyslexia, 6, 133-151. Goswami, U. , &

  17. English as a second language teachers' perceptions and use of classroom-based reading assessment.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Yueming

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to explore ESL teachersÂ? perceptions and use of classroom-based reading assessments. The research questions underpinning this study were: 1) What types of classroom-based reading assessments are used in ESL classrooms...

  18. The Weekly Newsletter of the English Language Institute Volume 100, Issue 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    out, you won't be able to cook. Third, have a flashlight and make sure to have extra batteries. You should also have a battery-operated radio. Finally, take the weather alerts seriously. If a hurricane cash back, will be deducted from your checking account. Depending on your bank, there may or may

  19. Exploring change in preservice teachers' beliefs about English language learning and teaching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark-Goff, Kylah Lynn

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    : Situating the Study in Context...................5 Teacher Preparation: Beliefs Do Change....................................................7 Purpose of the Study ..................................................................................10... ..................................................................17 2 Composition and Nature of Instruments..........................................................90 3 Fall 2006 Data Collection Schedule ................................................................94 4 Spring 2007 Data Collection...

  20. ?Muestreme el dinero!: assessing the linkage between Latino school superintendents and English language learner program resources 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theobald, Nick Andrew

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A central question in racial and ethnic politics is whether bureaucratic representation benefits minorities. The theory of bureaucratic representation suggests that passive representation—representatives sharing characteristics ...

  1. The Weekly Newsletter of the English Language Institute Volume 100, Issue 9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    that can get dirty, and NO flip flops or sandals. Alachua County Humane Society 12:00 ­ 3:00 pm Come support the Alachua County Humane Society by raising money through an old fashioned carwash. We will get

  2. ¿Vecinos o Enemigos?: Latino National Identity and the Debate over English as the National Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Donathan Lawrence

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    people.? If illegal immigration, for instance, is the supposed policy crises threatening our ?American way of life,? how well lawmakers disassociate 13 ?them,? illegal immigrants and unfortunately Latinos in general, from ?us,? law...

  3. English language learners' reading self-efficacy and achievement using 1:1 mobile learning devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walters, Jennifer L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the singular user of the personal device, or it can be co-mobile learning devices are personal digital assistants (of mobile devices including tablet personal computers,

  4. The Effect of a Comprehensive English Language/Literacy Intervention in Bilingual Classrooms on the Development of English Reading Fluency for English-Language Learners, Grades 2-3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trevino, Elizabeth Pauline, 1978-

    2012-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    .52 wcpm per month to students? ORF scores in Grade 2. Both intervention and control groups improved at the same rate in Grade 3; however, intervention students maintained the higher level of ORF that was attained during second grade. Therefore, the ELLA...

  5. REFERENCES

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014, an OHASeptember 2010In addition to 1 |D I S P U T Edelivery205.1B

  6. Conceptual Phrases and Deterministic English Parsing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dill, David

    The grammar of many of the lower-level constituents of grammatical structures in English has not been a area of exciting new linguistic discovery, in contrast with study of clause-level constituents. The syntax of these ...

  7. After Wordsworth: Global Revisions of the English Poet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergren, Katherine Lillian

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Revisions of the English Poet A dissertation submitted inRevisions of the English Poet by Katherine Lillian Bergrenbetween the English poet and his global Anglophone audience,

  8. TORCH Computational Reference Kernels - A Testbed for Computer Science Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaiser, Alex; Williams, Samuel Webb; Madduri, Kamesh; Ibrahim, Khaled; Bailey, David H.; Demmel, James W.; Strohmaier, Erich

    2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    For decades, computer scientists have sought guidance on how to evolve architectures, languages, and programming models in order to improve application performance, efficiency, and productivity. Unfortunately, without overarching advice about future directions in these areas, individual guidance is inferred from the existing software/hardware ecosystem, and each discipline often conducts their research independently assuming all other technologies remain fixed. In today's rapidly evolving world of on-chip parallelism, isolated and iterative improvements to performance may miss superior solutions in the same way gradient descent optimization techniques may get stuck in local minima. To combat this, we present TORCH: A Testbed for Optimization ResearCH. These computational reference kernels define the core problems of interest in scientific computing without mandating a specific language, algorithm, programming model, or implementation. To compliment the kernel (problem) definitions, we provide a set of algorithmically-expressed verification tests that can be used to verify a hardware/software co-designed solution produces an acceptable answer. Finally, to provide some illumination as to how researchers have implemented solutions to these problems in the past, we provide a set of reference implementations in C and MATLAB.

  9. Selected Translated Abstracts of Chinese-Language Climate Change Publications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cushman, R.M.; Burtis, M.D.

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains English-translated abstracts of important Chinese-language literature concerning global climate change for the years 1995-1998. This body of literature includes the topics of adaptation, ancient climate change, climate variation, the East Asia monsoon, historical climate change, impacts, modeling, and radiation and trace-gas emissions. In addition to the biological citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Chinese. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  10. Proficiency in spoken and written language Secondary Foreign Language Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    Interview (OPI) and the Writing Proficiency Test (WPT) with Language Testing International [www must provide proof by oral examination (OPI) of a proficiency level in speaking of Advanced ­ Low of intensive language instruction to move their OPI ratings from Intermediate-High to Advanced-Low. [Liskin

  11. Object and Reference Immutability using Java Generics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zibin, Yoav

    2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A compiler-checked immutability guarantee provides useful documentation, facilitates reasoning, and enables optimizations. This paper presents Immutability Generic Java (IGJ), a novel language extension that expresses ...

  12. Comprehension and abridgement of English prose

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Betty Marie Cummings

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    prose passages, agan Francisco" and uBuena-I and Ralo, " were employed in this study. The frequency of every word in each passage was detersnined by an IBM 360/65 computer using a computer program written in Fortran IV-G language. The resulting data... ] angl hwisc. ac:ross standard (8-1/2" x 11") paper. The boxes in each row were numbered from 1 to 40. In the third phase of the experiment, materials consist ed of t!re traditional (T) plus eight telegraphic versions of "Buena-I and Ralo" (Martin...

  13. Grounding language models in spatiotemporal context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Brandon C.

    Natural language is rich and varied, but also highly structured. The rules of grammar are a primary source of linguistic regularity, but there are many other factors that govern patterns of language use. Language models ...

  14. The Consumption of Reference Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. A. White; J. A. Vaccaro; H. M. Wiseman

    2008-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Under the operational restriction of the U(1)-superselection rule, states that contain coherences between eigenstates of particle number constitute a resource. Such resources can be used to facilitate operations upon systems that otherwise cannot be performed. However, the process of doing this consumes reference resources. We show this explicitly for an example of a unitary operation that is forbidden by the U(1)-superselection rule.

  15. HANFORD WASTE MINERALOGY REFERENCE REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DISSELKAMP RS

    2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This report lists the observed mineral phases present in the Hanford tanks. This task was accomplished by performing a review of numerous reports that used experimental techniques including, but not limited to: x-ray diffraction, polarized light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, electron energy loss spectroscopy, and particle size distribution analyses. This report contains tables that can be used as a quick reference to identify the crystal phases observed in Hanford waste.

  16. HANFORD WASTE MINEROLOGY REFERENCE REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DISSELKAMP RS

    2010-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This report lists the observed mineral phase phases present in the Hanford tanks. This task was accomplished by performing a review of numerous reports using experimental techniques including, but not limited to: x-ray diffraction, polarized light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, electron energy loss spectroscopy, and particle size distribution analyses. This report contains tables that can be used as a quick reference to identify the crystal phases present observed in Hanford waste.

  17. Microgrid cyber security reference architecture.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veitch, Cynthia K.; Henry, Jordan M.; Richardson, Bryan T.; Hart, Derek H.

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes a microgrid cyber security reference architecture. First, we present a high-level concept of operations for a microgrid, including operational modes, necessary power actors, and the communication protocols typically employed. We then describe our motivation for designing a secure microgrid; in particular, we provide general network and industrial control system (ICS)-speci c vulnerabilities, a threat model, information assurance compliance concerns, and design criteria for a microgrid control system network. Our design approach addresses these concerns by segmenting the microgrid control system network into enclaves, grouping enclaves into functional domains, and describing actor communication using data exchange attributes. We describe cyber actors that can help mitigate potential vulnerabilities, in addition to performance bene ts and vulnerability mitigation that may be realized using this reference architecture. To illustrate our design approach, we present a notional a microgrid control system network implementation, including types of communica- tion occurring on that network, example data exchange attributes for actors in the network, an example of how the network can be segmented to create enclaves and functional domains, and how cyber actors can be used to enforce network segmentation and provide the neces- sary level of security. Finally, we describe areas of focus for the further development of the reference architecture.

  18. Natural Language Processing Methods for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natural Language Processing Methods for Automatic Illustration of Text Richard Johansson Licentiate of Language Technology #12;ISSN 1652-4691 Licentiate Thesis 4, 2006 LU-CS-LIC:2006-1 Thesis submitted for partial fulfilment of the degree of licentiate. Department of Computer Science Lund Institute

  19. Arts & Humanities Languages, Linguistics, & Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Interdisciplinary Studies BA Japanese BA MA PhD Journalism BA Korean BA MA PhD Library & Information MA Sciences & Translation Studies Language Learning Center National Foreign Language Resource Center The Colleges of Arts of undergraduate and graduate degrees conferred are in Arts & Sciences disciplines, indicative of the key role

  20. Standards for language encoding: ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erjavec, Toma?

    Standards for language encoding: ISO Tomaz Erjavec Dept. of Knowledge Technologies Jozef Stefan Institute ESSLLI 2011 #12;Overview of the lecture 1. How ISO works 2. ISO TC 37 3. Dates, times & languages 4. ISO Annotation Frameworks #12;http://www.iso.org/ The world's largest developer and publisher

  1. An Interpretive Case Study of Stakeholders' Perceptions on the Enrollment and Progression of African American Students in High School Foreign Language Courses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoener III, Herbert

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The "achievement gap" is a common term in Texas public education, often referring to academic differences in achievement among student ethnic groups within the core curriculum. Seldom is Foreign Language referenced in, nor even considered relevant...

  2. Reference Inflow Characterization for River Resource Reference Model (RM2)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neary, Vincent S [ORNL

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia National Laboratory (SNL) is leading an effort to develop reference models for marine and hydrokinetic technologies and wave and current energy resources. This effort will allow the refinement of technology design tools, accurate estimates of a baseline levelized cost of energy (LCoE), and the identification of the main cost drivers that need to be addressed to achieve a competitive LCoE. As part of this effort, Oak Ridge National Laboratory was charged with examining and reporting reference river inflow characteristics for reference model 2 (RM2). Published turbulent flow data from large rivers, a water supply canal and laboratory flumes, are reviewed to determine the range of velocities, turbulence intensities and turbulent stresses acting on hydrokinetic technologies, and also to evaluate the validity of classical models that describe the depth variation of the time-mean velocity and turbulent normal Reynolds stresses. The classical models are found to generally perform well in describing river inflow characteristics. A potential challenge in river inflow characterization, however, is the high variability of depth and flow over the design life of a hydrokinetic device. This variation can have significant effects on the inflow mean velocity and turbulence intensity experienced by stationary and bottom mounted hydrokinetic energy conversion devices, which requires further investigation, but are expected to have minimal effects on surface mounted devices like the vertical axis turbine device designed for RM2. A simple methodology for obtaining an approximate inflow characterization for surface deployed devices is developed using the relation umax=(7/6)V where V is the bulk velocity and umax is assumed to be the near-surface velocity. The application of this expression is recommended for deriving the local inflow velocity acting on the energy extraction planes of the RM2 vertical axis rotors, where V=Q/A can be calculated given a USGS gage flow time-series and stage vs. cross-section area rating relationship.

  3. Quantum Physics and Human Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James B. Hartle

    2006-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Human languages employ constructions that tacitly assume specific properties of the limited range of phenomena they evolved to describe. These assumed properties are true features of that limited context, but may not be general or precise properties of all the physical situations allowed by fundamental physics. In brief, human languages contain `excess baggage' that must be qualified, discarded, or otherwise reformed to give a clear account in the context of fundamental physics of even the everyday phenomena that the languages evolved to describe. The surest route to clarity is to express the constructions of human languages in the language of fundamental physical theory, not the other way around. These ideas are illustrated by an analysis of the verb `to happen' and the word `reality' in special relativity and the modern quantum mechanics of closed systems.

  4. Pragmatics in foreign language instruction: the effects of pedagogical intervention and technology on the development of EFL learners' realization of "request" 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Chianing

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigated the effectiveness of explicit pragmatic instruction on the acquisition of requests by college-level English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners in Taiwan. The researcher applied quantitative and qualitative approaches...

  5. Reference electrode for electrolytic cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kessie, R.W.

    1988-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A reference electrode device is provided for a high temperature electrolytic cell used to electrolytically recover uranium from spent reactor fuel dissolved in an anode pool, the device having a glass tube to enclose the electrode and electrolyte and serve as a conductive membrane with the cell electrolyte, and an outer metal tube about the glass tube to serve as a shield and basket for any glass sections broken by handling of the tube to prevent their contact with the anode pool, the metal tube having perforations to provide access between the bulk of the cell electrolyte and glass membrane. 4 figs.

  6. PVWatts Version 1 Technical Reference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dobos, A. P.

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The NREL PVWatts(TM) calculator is a web application developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that estimates the electricity production of a grid-connected photovoltaic system based on a few simple inputs. PVWatts combines a number of sub-models to predict overall system performance, and makes several hidden assumptions about performance parameters. This technical reference details the individual sub-models, documents assumptions and hidden parameters, and explains the sequence of calculations that yield the final system performance estimation.

  7. Tips: References | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sure you want toworldPower 2010 1 TNews & SolarLaundryReferences Tips:

  8. References | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA Approved:AdministrationAnalysis andBHoneywell9/%2A en7/%2ANationalReferences

  9. Tips: References | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMayDepartmentTest for PumpingThe| Department ofAir DuctsTips:References Tips:

  10. High stability wavefront reference source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Feldman, M.; Mockler, D.J.

    1994-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A thermally and mechanically stable wavefront reference source which produces a collimated output laser beam is disclosed. The output beam comprises substantially planar reference wavefronts which are useful for aligning and testing optical interferometers. The invention receives coherent radiation from an input optical fiber, directs a diverging input beam of the coherent radiation to a beam folding mirror (to produce a reflected diverging beam), and collimates the reflected diverging beam using a collimating lens. In a class of preferred embodiments, the invention includes a thermally and mechanically stable frame comprising rod members connected between a front end plate and a back end plate. The beam folding mirror is mounted on the back end plate, and the collimating lens mounted to the rods between the end plates. The end plates and rods are preferably made of thermally stable metal alloy. Preferably, the input optical fiber is a single mode fiber coupled to an input end of a second single mode optical fiber that is wound around a mandrel fixedly attached to the frame of the apparatus. The output end of the second fiber is cleaved so as to be optically flat, so that the input beam emerging therefrom is a nearly perfect diverging spherical wave. 7 figures.

  11. A report language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKinney, Melvin Howard

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    50 5. SUNNARY AND CONCLUSIONS REFERENCES APPENDIX A - SAMPLE REPORTS PRODUCFD BY EASYOUT APPENDIX 8 - FORNATS OF TABLES USED BY EASYOUT 52 53 55 60 APPENDIX C - FLQVCHARTS OF NAJOR ROUTINES 65 APPENDIX D - SYSTEN SYNBOL GLOSSARY APPENDIX E... determine after using a printer spacing chart. The programmer is, however, given the option of explicitly specifying the print positions as might be required when a report is to be produced on a pre-printed form. 1. 2. The Need For The Lan ua e A survey...

  12. Oral recall of limited English proficient students: a textual analysis using the STEP (Subordination Technique for Evaluating Passages) procedure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kibler, Amanda

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    whether LEP students attend to textual structures. Although researchers have addressed both poor readers (Meyer, 1977; Tierney, 1978; Torgesen, 1978; Taylor, 1980; Luftig, 1983) and students learning English as a Second Language (Chandler, 1992.... Because a significant portion of the knowledge a person acquires comes from reading or listening to prose (Meyer, 1975), cultivating capable readers is an educational goal that merits discussion and study. Recognizing that readers operate on a variety...

  13. The mystery of language evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hauser, Marc D.

    Understanding the evolution of language requires evidence regarding origins and processes that led to change. In the last 40 years, there has been an explosion of research on this problem as well as a sense that considerable ...

  14. RESIDENTIAL PROGRAM FOR LANGUAGE LEARNING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    RESIDENTIAL PROGRAM FOR LANGUAGE LEARNING Live on-campus in 2014-15 and participate in a unique as part of a residential community in Arroyo Vista! Open to all undergraduate students with 2-3 years

  15. National Environmental Information Infrastructure Reference Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    National Environmental Information Infrastructure Reference Architecture Consultation Draft Environmental Information Infrastructure Reference Architecture: Consultation Draft Environmental Information Architecture: Consultation Draft, Bureau of Meteorology, Canberra, Australia, pp. 52. With the exception

  16. Cross-References Applications of Nanofluidics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    Cross-References Applications of Nanofluidics Electrokinetic Fluid Flow in Nanostructures Micro/Nano Flow Characterization Techniques Nanochannels for Nanofluidics: Fabrication Aspects Rapid Electrokinetic Patterning References 1. Conlisk, A.T.: Essentials of Micro and Nanofluidics with Application

  17. A Model for Indigenous Language Revival

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery-Anderson, Brad

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the scarcity of native speakers is but one reason for thinking that language revival may prove to be a workable model. Modern technology will also play a significant role in revival efforts for both extinct and nearly extinct languages. The Arikara language...A Model for Indigenous Language Revival Brad Montgomery-Anderson 1. Introduction If present trends continue, the majority of Native American languages will no longer be spoken by the end of this century. The process of extinction often happens...

  18. POLYPHONE DECISION TREE SPECIALIZATION FOR LANGUAGE ADAPTATION T. Schultz and A. Waibel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    , Mandarin and Shanghai Chinese, Croatian, English, French, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian Language ER 1 Vocab PP ER Vocab PP Ch­Mandarin 14.5 45K 207 45.2 141 12.5 Croatian 20.0 15K 280 36.7 32 9

  19. POLYPHONE DECISION TREE SPECIALIZATION FOR LANGUAGE ADAPTATION T. Schultz and A. Waibel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    , Mandarin and Shanghai Chinese, Croatian, English, French, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, RussianLanguage ER Vocab PP ER Vocab PP Ch-Mandarin 14.5 45K 207 45.2 141 12.5 Croatian 20.0 15K 280 36.7 32 9

  20. Economic Impact of Standard Reference Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    00-1 Planning Report Economic Impact of Standard Reference Materials for Sulfur in Fossil Fuels Administration #12;February 2000 Economic Impact of Standard Reference Materials for Sulfur in Fossil Fuels Final-006 Economic Impact of Standard Reference Materials for Sulfur in Fossil Fuels Final Report February 2000

  1. Reference Phase of Fresnel Zone Plates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. W. Webb

    2003-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The standard zone plate assumes that the shortest ray connecting a radiation source and a detection point has a phase of 0 deg thereby defining a reference phase. Here we examine the experimental consequences of varying this reference phase from 0 deg to 360 deg. It is concluded that reference phase is an intrinsic and useful property of zone plates.

  2. Language technologies in speech-enabled second language learning games : from reading to dialogue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Yushi, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Second language learning has become an important societal need over the past decades. Given that the number of language teachers is far below demand, computer-aided language learning software is becoming a promising ...

  3. Social biases toward children with speech and language impairments: A correlative causal model of language limitations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Mabel L.; Hadley, Pamela A.; Alexander, Amy L.

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The biases are interpreted as reflective of adults' expectations for children's language. It is argued that adults call upon a correlative causal model of language acquisition to interpret individual differences in children's language abilities. Negative...

  4. Reference-based vs. task-based evaluation of human language technology Andrei Popescu-Belis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the three types of evaluation synthesized in the ISO/IEC 9126 and 14598 standards ­ internal, external-based evaluation, for a smaller cost (Section 9). 2222.... Types of evaluation according to ISO The ISO/IEC that bear on its ability to satisfy stated or implied needs" (ISO/IEC, 2001 : p. 11). According to ISO/IEC

  5. ILC cryogenic systems reference design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, T.J.; Geynisman, M.; Klebaner, A.; Theilacker, J.; /Fermilab; Parma, V.; Tavian, L.; /CERN

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Global Design Effort (GDE) began in 2005 to study a TeV scale electron-positron linear accelerator based on superconducting radio-frequency (RF) technology, called the International Linear Collider (ILC). In early 2007, the design effort culminated in a reference design for the ILC, closely based on the earlier TESLA design. The ILC will consist of two 250 GeV linacs, which provide positron-electron collisions for high energy physics research. The particle beams will be accelerated to their final energy in superconducting niobium RF cavities operating at 2 kelvin. At a length of about 12 km each, the main linacs will be the largest cryogenic systems in the ILC. Positron and electron sources, damping rings, and beam delivery systems will also have a large number and variety of other superconducting RF cavities and magnets, which require cooling at liquid helium temperatures. Ten large cryogenic plants with 2 kelvin refrigeration are envisioned to cool the main linacs and the electron and positron sources. Three smaller cryogenic plants will cool the damping rings and beam delivery system components predominately at 4.5 K. This paper describes the cryogenic systems concepts for the ILC.

  6. Network model of human language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markosova, Maria

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The phenomenon of human language is widely studied from various points of view. It is interesting not only for social scientists, antropologists or philosophers, but also for those, interesting in the network dynamics. In several recent papers word web, or language as a graph has been investigated. In this paper I revise recent studies of syntactical word web. I present a model of growing network in which such processes as node addition, edge rewiring and new link creation are taken into account. I argue, that this model is a satisfactory minimal model explaining measured data.

  7. Sandia National Laboratories: Reference Model 3

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reference Model 3 Sandia, NREL Release Wave Energy Converter Modeling and Simulation Code: WEC-Sim On July 29, 2014, in Computational Modeling & Simulation, Energy, News, News &...

  8. FAQS Reference Guide – General Technical Base

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the December 2007 edition of DOE-STD-1146-2007, General Technical Base Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  9. Sandia National Laboratories: Reference Model Project

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    marine hydrokinetic (MHK) reference models (RMs) for wave energy converters and tidal, ocean, and river current energy converters. The RMP team includes a partnership between...

  10. Sandia National Laboratories: marine hydrokinetic reference models

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    marine hydrokinetic (MHK) reference models (RMs) for wave energy converters and tidal, ocean, and river current energy converters. The RMP team includes a partnership between...

  11. Language, Ideology and Politics in Croatia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kapovi?, Mate

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based in part on his recent book ?iji je jezik? (Who does Language Belong to?), the author reviews the intricate relation of language, ideology, and politics in Croatia in the last 20 years, including new examples and analyses. The article...

  12. Languages and Species: Threats and Global Patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutherland, William

    2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Both languages and species are threatened with extinction. This talk will compare patterns of cultural and biological diversity. The aims will be to compare the extinction risk of languages with other groups and then compare the patterns...

  13. Lagrangian relaxation for natural language decoding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rush, Alexander M. (Alexander Matthew)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The major success story of natural language processing over the last decade has been the development of high-accuracy statistical methods for a wide-range of language applications. The availability of large textual data ...

  14. Tradeoffs in the design of a system for high level language interpretation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osorio, F.C.C.; Patt, Y.N.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem of designing a system for high-level language interpretation (HLLI) is considered. First, a model of the design process is presented where several styles of design, e.g. turing machine interpretation, CISC architecture interpretation and RISC architecture interpretation are treated uniformly. Second, the most significant characteristics of HLLI are analysed in the context of different design styles, and some guidelines are presented on how to identify the most suitable design style for a given high-level language problem. 12 references.

  15. Linguistic Alignment in Natural Language Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halberg, Gabrielle Manya

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that are instantiated at generation time. . . . . . . . .that are instantiated at generation time. . Illustration ofin Natural Language Generation by Gabrielle Halberg

  16. Adding structure to agent programming languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zachmann, Gabriel

    Zachmann (Computer Graphics) #12;Adding structure to agent programming languages Peter Novák, Jürgen Dix

  17. Rapid Bootstrapping of five Eastern European Languages using the Rapid Language Adaptation Toolkit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    achieved a word error rate (WER) of 16.9% for Bulgarian, 32.8% for Croatian, 23.5% for Czech, 20 and Data Resources 2.1. Peculiarities of Slavic Languages The five languages Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech-European language family, which totally contains about 20 languages and dialects. Bulgarian and Croatian are South

  18. CHARTER ON LANGUAGE POLICY AND LANGUAGE RIGHTS INTHE CREOLE-SPEAKING CARIBBEAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    CHARTER ON LANGUAGE POLICY AND LANGUAGE RIGHTS INTHE CREOLE-SPEAKING CARIBBEAN Kingston, Jamaica-Speaking Caribbean January 2011 PREAMBLE The Creole-speaking Caribbean state parties to the Charter on Language Policy and Language Rights in the Creole-speaking Caribbean, meeting in Kingston, Jamaica from January 13

  19. FAQS Reference Guide - Quality Assurance | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Reference Guide - Quality Assurance FAQS Reference Guide - Quality Assurance This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the April 2002 edition...

  20. Robot Languages in the Eighties Giuseppina Gini

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gini, Giuseppina

    -purpose languages applied to robots and languages specifically designed for robotics. Criteria for making a choiceRobot Languages in the Eighties Giuseppina Gini Dept. of Electronics, Politecnico, Milan, Italy of general-purpose programming systems is rapidly changing; what are the consequences for robot programming

  1. Faculty of Humanities, Languages and Social Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faculty of Humanities, Languages and Social Science Schools Outreach Programme » The Faculty of Humanities, Languages and Social Science, are offering schools a wide range of outreach activity for students a new language, such as Chinese or Arabic. They can find out more about French cinema, Latin American

  2. Kansas and Foreign Language Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1959-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in addition to a modern language. All others taught in at least one additional subject. COllllllenting on the prohlem of school size, Dr . .James n. Conant ill his recent report on The Amef';ClI7I High School Todlly states: "The cnrollment of Illany...

  3. TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ide, Nancy

    ) developed by the International Standards Organization TC32 SC4, which is to serve as a basis for harmonizing. It is in this context that a committee of the International Standards Organization (ISO), TC 37/SC 4Chapter # TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE RESOURCES Nancy Ide and Laurent Romary

  4. Archived Reference Building Type: Primary school

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  5. Archived Reference Building Type: Primary school

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  6. Physics 321 Accelerating Reference Frames II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    Physics 321 Hour 25 Accelerating Reference Frames II Consider an accelerating train car Proof 0 and S is a frame rotating with angular velocity . Examples Handout rotation.nb #12;Physics 321 Hour 26 Accelerating Reference Frames III Velocities in Rotating Frames in S0 basis in S' basis In S' basis in S0 basis

  7. Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  8. Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  9. Degradation of a quantum reference frame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephen D. Bartlett; Terry Rudolph; Robert W. Spekkens; Peter S. Turner

    2006-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the degradation of reference frames, treated as dynamical quantum systems, and quantify their longevity as a resource for performing tasks in quantum information processing. We adopt an operational measure of a reference frame's longevity, namely, the number of measurements that can be made against it with a certain error tolerance. We investigate two distinct types of reference frame: a reference direction, realized by a spin-j system, and a phase reference, realized by an oscillator mode with bounded energy. For both cases, we show that our measure of longevity increases quadratically with the size of the reference system and is therefore non-additive. For instance, the number of measurements that a directional reference frame consisting of N parallel spins can be put to use scales as N^2. Our results quantify the extent to which microscopic or mesoscopic reference frames may be used for repeated, high-precision measurements, without needing to be reset - a question that is important for some implementations of quantum computing. We illustrate our results using the proposed single-spin measurement scheme of magnetic resonance force microscopy.

  10. Libraries Reference Copyright 1996 -2003 Intel Corporation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fossati, Giovanni

    Intel® Fortran Libraries Reference Copyright © 1996 - 2003 Intel Corporation All Rights Reserved PROPERTY RIGHT. Intel products are not intended for use in medical, life saving, or life sustain- ing applications. This Intel® Fortran Libraries Reference as well as the software described in it is furnished

  11. Archived Reference Building Type: Strip mall

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  12. Archived Reference Building Type: Strip mall

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  13. Archived Reference Building Type: Medium office

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  14. Archived Reference Building Type: Medium office

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  15. Archived Reference Building Type: Secondary school

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  16. Archived Reference Building Type: Secondary school

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

  17. The Origins of English Individualism and Earls Colne, Essex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macfarlane, Alan

    2006-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A visit to Earls Colne in Essex, England, in August 2006. Discussions of the origins of English individualism and the reconstruction of the history of an English village. Also wider reflections on China, Japan, feudalism, capitalism, peasantry...

  18. English Literature Resources of NTU Library National Taiwan University Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    English Literature Resources of NTU Library National Taiwan University Library #12;MLA Inter- national Bibliography Literature Online, Early English Books Online Naxos Spoken Word Library19 7 14 15 Naxos Spoken Word Library Literature Online Literature Resource Center Shakespeare

  19. Regular Languages A language L is regular if one of the following is true

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waterloo, University of

    . Language of the FA: all such words · L(M) = {w * where *( q0, w) A} · or L(M) = {w * where M accepts w} LRegular Languages A language L is regular if one of the following is true: Regular Expression Language � L = � L = {} a L = {a} for some a r1* L = L1* for some regular language L1 r1 r2 L = L1 L2

  20. Production of subject-verb agreement in Slovene and English 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Annabel Jane

    2009-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the mental representation of subject-verb agreement, and the factors that can affect the determination of agreement in language production. It reports nine experiments that used a task in which ...

  1. Roadmap: English Bachelor of Arts [AS-BA-ENG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Scott

    Roadmap: English ­ Bachelor of Arts [AS-BA-ENG] College of Arts and Sciences Department of English Catalog Year: 2013-2014 Page 1 of 4 | Last Updated: 7-May-13/LNHD This roadmap is a recommended semester 5 on page 3 General Electives (upper division) 6 #12;Roadmap: English ­ Bachelor of Arts [AS

  2. A study of English primary care trusts Research report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    Setting priorities in health A study of English primary care trusts Research report Suzanne priorities in health: a study of English primary care trusts Contents List of figures and tables 4 Glossary 6 priorities in health: a study of English primary care trusts 3. Priority setting: the national picture 21

  3. The Pumping Lemma Some languages are not regular languages.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bylander, Tom

    be the number of states in M. Create a long string w L. Show that if M accepts w, then M must accept some string w L. This contradicts assumption that L(M) = L. #12;2 Proof of the Pumping Lemma Theorem: Let L be a regular language. There exists a number m, for all w, if |w| m and w L, then there exists x, y, z

  4. GE & AE Extension Request Form, Version 7, Sept 2012, JC Program Extension General English or Academic English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    GE & AE Extension Request Form, Version 7, Sept 2012, JC Program Extension ­ General English) General English (GE) Academic English (AE) Which term will this extension begin? Fall Winter Spring Summer more sessions of GE do you wish to request? 1 2 3 4 5 6 Other ____ (GE sessions are 4 weeks) *Please

  5. GE & AE Extension Request Form, Version 6, May 2012, JC Program Extension General English or Academic English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    GE & AE Extension Request Form, Version 6, May 2012, JC Program Extension ­ General English) General English (GE) Academic English (AE) Which term will this extension begin? Fall Winter Spring Summer more sessions of GE do you wish to request? 1 2 3 4 5 6 Other ____ (GE sessions are 4 weeks) *Please

  6. GE & AE Program Change Request Form, Version 12, July 2013, ML Program Change-General English or Academic English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    GE & AE Program Change Request Form, Version 12, July 2013, ML Program Change-General English English student, and I would like to switch to General English. How many sessions of GE do you wish to request? 1 2 3 4 (GE sessions are 5 weeks) How many GE hours do you wish to take? 21 hours 27 hours

  7. State Funding and the Equal Educational Opportunity of Language Minority Students: The Texas Public School Finance Mechanism and the Extent to Which English Language Learners Are Equitably Served

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eason, Noelle Rogers

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    school funding system from 1997-2007 for purchasing educational resources for ELL students. Vertical equity was operationalized through a research-based framework that places ELL students at risk of academic failure. Regression analysis examined... ........................................................... 22 Education Finance Systems ............................................................ 24 Purchasing Educational Resources ........................................ 25 Principles of Funding Equity...

  8. Introducing Reference Semantics via Refinement Graeme Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Graeme

    Introducing Reference Semantics via Refinement Graeme Smith Software Verification Research Centre, University of Queensland, Australia smith@svrc.uq.edu.au Abstract. Two types of semantics have been given

  9. An expectation model of referring expressions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kræmer, John, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis introduces EMRE, an expectation-based model of referring expressions. EMRE is proposed as a model of non-syntactic dependencies - in particular, discourse-level semantic dependencies that bridge sentence gaps. ...

  10. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Supermarket

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  11. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Warehouse

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  12. Generating and interpreting referring expressions in context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Dustin Arthur

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Referring expressions with vague and ambiguous modifiers, such as "a quick visit" and "the big meeting," are difficult for computers to interpret because their meanings are defined in part by context. For the hearer to ...

  13. Clause chaining, switch reference and coordination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nonato, Rafael

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis I ponder over a constellation of phenomena that revolve around switch reference and coordination, drawing mainly on their instantiation in Kisedje (Je, Brazil). I start by investigating Klsedje's case system. ...

  14. Libraries Reference Document Number: 253262-002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talbot, James P.

    Intel® Fortran Libraries Reference Document Number: 253262-002 World Wide Web: http PROPERTY RIGHT. Intel products are not intended for use in medical, life saving, or life sustain- ing.................................................................................... xxiv Chapter 1 Overview of the Libraries Portability Routines

  15. Integrating Referring and Informing in NP Planning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Michael; Knott, Alistair; Hitzeman, Janet; Cheng, Hua

    Two of the functions of an NP are to refer (identify a particular entity) and to inform (provide new information about an entity). While many NPs may serve only one of these functions, some NPs conflate the functions, ...

  16. FAQS Reference Guide – Safety Software Quality Assurance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the (March 2011) edition of DOE-STD-1172-2011, Safety Software Quality Assurance Functional Area Qualification Standard.

  17. Defining Reference Information for Restoring Ecologically Rare

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . In particular, we assess the constraints that arise when refer- ence information from various sources is ei type that occurs across temperate and tropical regions and is characterized by scattered, open- grown

  18. Quantum communication, reference frames and gauge theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. J. van Enk

    2006-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider quantum communication in the case that the communicating parties not only do not share a reference frame but use imperfect quantum communication channels, in that each channel applies some fixed but unknown unitary rotation to each qubit. We discuss similarities and differences between reference frames within that quantum communication model and gauge fields in gauge theory. We generalize the concept of refbits and analyze various quantum communication protocols within the communication model.

  19. "Analysis of SOFCs using reference electrodes?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finklea, Harry; Chen,Xiaoke; Gerdes,Kirk; Pakalapati, Suryanarayana; Celik, Ismail

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reference electrodes are frequently applied to isolate the performance of one electrode in a solid oxide fuel cell. However, reference electrode simulations raise doubt to veracity of data collected using reference electrodes. The simulations predict that the reported performance for the one electrode will frequently contain performance of both electrodes. Nonetheless, recent reports persistently treat data so collected as ideally isolated. This work confirms the predictions of the reference electrode simulations on two SOFC designs, and to provides a method of validating the data measured in the 3-electrode configuration. Validation is based on the assumption that a change in gas composition to one electrode does not affect the impedance of the other electrode at open circuit voltage. This assumption is supported by a full physics simulation of the SOFC. Three configurations of reference electrode and cell design are experimentally examined using various gas flows and two temperatures. Impedance data are subjected to deconvolution analysis and equivalent circuit fitting and approximate polarization resistances of the cathode and anode are determined. The results demonstrate that the utility of reference electrodes is limited and often wholly inappropriate. Reported impedances and single electrode polarization values must be scrutinized on this basis.

  20. Administrator's Perceptions on Growing Populations of Students who are English Language Learners in the State of Wyoming 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shannon, Keri Leigh

    2014-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    For centuries, America has been the place for people from all countries to come and seek their dreams. Our nation continues to welcome all, offering cultural and linguistic diversity to the areas where they settle, which ...

  1. English home Forum Photo Gallery Features Newsletter Archive About US Help Site Map languages Culture/Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and tomorrow's electricity-producing fusion power plants. The new Chinese investment into the thermonuclear invests more into thermonuclear reaction study China's announced Friday in to invest 50 million yuan (6 million US dollars) more to the country's ongoing research on thermonuclear experimental reactors

  2. English home Forum Photo Gallery Features Newsletter Archive About US Help Site Map languages Culture/Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to build its own thermonuclear experimental reactor A leading Chinese plasma physicist said Thursday China might build its own thermonuclear experimental reactor, which would be expected to supply sustained in thermonuclear reaction, Chinese scientists have already participated in the International Thermonuclear

  3. The Impact of Teachers' Expectations, Parents' Expectations, and Academic Self-Efficacy on the Achievement of English Language Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivera, Vivina

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    . Riccio Committee Members, Anita S. McCormick Fuhui Tong Victor Arizpe Head of Department, Victor L. Willson August 2012 Major Subject: School Psychology iii ABSTRACT The Impact of Teachers’ Expectations, Parents’ Expectations...

  4. Administrator's Perceptions on Growing Populations of Students who are English Language Learners in the State of Wyoming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shannon, Keri Leigh

    2014-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    the perspectives of district leadership regarding the growing population of ELs in the state. The purpose of the study was to understand what district leaders in the State of Wyoming are doing in terms of this growing population. The study focused on four areas...

  5. The Effect of Mediated Glosses on Vocabulary Retention and Reading Comprehension with English Language Learners in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Ghafli, Mansour Hussain

    2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    audio, text, and picture glosses (M=9.72) had higher comprehension scores than the text-based group (M=8.35), F (2,218) =3.07, p<.05. Those who received the audio, text, and picture gloss (M=3.88) agreed that "Online texts are better than paper...

  6. "Menos y menos da más": Using Spanish as the Language of Instruction with English Learners in Algebra 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diaz, Marco Antonio

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    L.  R.  ( 1984).   Algebra  :  children's  strategies  and  in  Learning  Algebra.   American   Educational  Research  Tall,  D.  (1994).   Algebra,  Symbols  and  Translation  

  7. Recent Trends in the History of Cartography: A Selective, Annotated Bibliography to the English-Language Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edney, Matthew H.

    2007-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This crucial essay undertook an iconological investigation of de? Barbari?s great urban view of 1500. Dismissing traditional interpretations of the view as a functional document, Schulz delineated its symbolic components and argued that it served a..., 1997), esp. 63-123. ? A study that significantly updates Schulz?s original work is Deborah Howard, ?Venice as a Dolphin: Further Investigations into Jacopo de? Barbari?s View,? Artibus et Historiae 18, no. 35 (1997): 101-11. Blakemore, Michael J...

  8. A Study Addressing Three Components of the National Bilingual Research Agenda for English Language Learners on High Stakes Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kujawa, Nadine; Cavazos, Gloria; Meyer, Doris; Rodriguez, Linda; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Galloway, Martha; Irby, Beverly J.

    2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    .......................................................... 7 Definitions of Terms............................................................ 8 Limitations/Delimitations .................................................. 10 Organization of the Study.... Types of activity structures teachers used within the classroom 4. Social and academic routines 5. Amount of academic content facilitated by teachers 6. Predominance of communication mode (reading, writing, speaking, listening) 7. Teacher perceptions...

  9. "Making X relevant" : increasing English language learners' self-efficacy and deepening the understanding of math through motivation to learn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres Cuevas, Jaime

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EXAMPLE EJEMPLO DESIGN A TILE DISEÑA UN MOSAICO ACTIVITY/used to find the number of tiles needed. Explica los pasoscalculate the number of tiles you need to cover the floor of

  10. Dominance in Academic Writing Tutorials: Gender, Language, and the Offering of Suggestions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thonus, Terese

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Watson-Gegeo, 1989: 312). Writing tutorials differ from these interactions in that tutors uphold broadly constituted principles (e.g. ‘good writing’) and are required to be neutral with respect to ‘higher’ rules and discourses. They are forbidden from...- sations ‘unequal encounters’. Language proficiency has been found to impact status perceptions even when the NNS takes on a higher-status institutional role than the NS of English. Tyler and Davies (1990) studied an exchange between a Korean international...

  11. Optimization Online - Extending Algebraic Modelling Languages for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian Valente

    2006-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 27, 2006 ... Extending Algebraic Modelling Languages for Stochastic Programming. Christian Valente(Christian.Valente ***at*** brunel.ac.uk) Gautam ...

  12. An investigation of very high level languages and their implementation on a Forth language microprocessor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arnold, H.G.; Dress, W.B.; Loffman, R.S.

    1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The potential for using a Forth language microprocessor to implement very high level languages (VHLLs) in Artificial Intelligence research was investigated by surveying the current state-of-the-art of VHLLs, by benchmarking several computers and microcomputers against a customized Forth Language microprocessor, and by extrapolating the results to draw conclusions about implementing expert systems on the Forth language microprocessor. 20 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  13. Language Independent and Language Adaptive Large Vocabulary Speech Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    Arabic, Chinese, Croatian, English, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian Speakers Spoken units Chinese 5124 77 150,000 Croatian 2826 62 80,000 Japanese 5641 62 200,000 Korean 1587 Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin and Wu), Croatian, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish

  14. Evolution of language The interest of the Pragmatics and cognition team for the evolution of language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Institut des Sciences Cognitives, CNRS

    Evolution of language The interest of the Pragmatics and cognition team for the evolution of the evolution of language wetted our apetites and some members of the team (i.e. Anne Reboul) are still actively engaged in research on the evolution of language. The well-known difficulties regarding this domain

  15. In The Social Register: Pronoun Choice in Norwegian and English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Carl

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Choice of second-person pronouns can shed light on the intersection of language, personality, and culture. In modern Norway a change has occurred in little more than a generation through which the polite forms De, Dem/Dykk, and Deres/Dykkar have...

  16. Theory and Implementation of a Functional Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selinger, Peter

    present the languag* *e PPL, a strongly typed, call-by-name language which supports recursion and polym* *or- phism. We describe a compiler of PPL into a low-level assembly language. T* *he

  17. Theory and Implementation of a Functional Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selinger, Peter

    begin with the study of the -calculus, an idealized mathematical language. We present the language PPL of PPL into a low-level assembly language. The compilation is based on an abstract machine interpretation

  18. Collected References, available on-line as , updated 23-Feb-14 References for: Gio Wiederhold

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    .6] [Abba:97] Wayne Abba: "Earned Value Management: Reconciling Government and Commercial Practices-14 1 References for: Gio Wiederhold: Valuing Intellectual Capital, Multinationals and Taxhavens is italicized. Entries cited and listed in the Reference section of Valuing Intelectual Capital have [bold

  19. NIST Standard Reference Database 23 NIST Reference Fluid Thermodynamic and Transport Properties--

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, Joseph W.

    -Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology Institute and the U.S. Department of Energy. The development of the models on which#12;NIST Standard Reference Database 23 NIST Reference Fluid Thermodynamic and Transport Properties Properties Division National Institute of Standards and Technology Boulder, Colorado 80305 April, 2007 U

  20. NIST Standard Reference Database 23 NIST Reference Fluid Thermodynamic and Transport Properties--

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technology Institute and the U.S. Department of Energy. Model development and measurements at NIST have been#12;NIST Standard Reference Database 23 NIST Reference Fluid Thermodynamic and Transport Properties Division National Institute of Standards and Technology Boulder, Colorado 80305 November, 2010 U

  1. Kyoto University Libraries Reference Guide 1. Compare the reference style of books and journals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Kyoto University Libraries Reference Guide 1. Compare the reference style of books and journals Ex Publisher Year of Publications Pages Ex.3) The basic style of journal articles Fidel, Raya; Green, Maurice -Distinguishing kinds of documents- Ver.1.1, 2008.03.26, Yumi Sugimoto (Eng.Arch.Library), Ver.2.0, 2014

  2. Language assessment instruments: a study of language dominance tests in the Rio Grande Valley 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickey, Concepcion Maria

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of their children's language use i s a useful and valid cri teri on s i nce they have the opportuni ty of regularly observing thei r children's language behavior in the home-family domain and in various role-relationships. Definition of Terms l. language... in the Rio Grande Valley; 3) to determine the degree and the nature of' correlation between parent, al language census data concerning language dominance of their children in the home-family domain as measured by the Home Bilingual Usage Estimate and test...

  3. The Blue Language1 Michael Klling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    1 The Blue Language1 Michael Kölling School of Computer Science and Software Engineering Monash. The system we are about to discuss is named Blue. Blue is an integrated programming environment and an object. In this issue, we discuss the language aspects of Blue. Next month we will continue the discussion by describing

  4. HLT/EMNLP 2005 Human Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and the 9th International Workshop on Parsing Technologies (IWPT). In the HLT tradition, the conference Language Processing Proceedings of the Conference 6-8 October 2005 Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada #12HLT/EMNLP 2005 Human Language Technology Conference and Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural

  5. Finnish Native Language Identification Shervin Malmasi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University Sydney, NSW, Australia shervin.malmasi@mq.edu.au Mark Dras Centre for Language Technology Macquarie University Sydney, NSW, Australia mark.dras@mq.edu.au Abstract We outline the first application Language Acquisition (SLA) and more recently though pre- dictive computational models in NLP (Jarvis

  6. A pattern language for sacred secular places

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, Melanie Rachel

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    to design and construct their own home, pattern language never quite caught up with those in the field of architecture, mostly because of its lack of flexibility. The core idea of AlexanderÂ?s pattern language was to arm architects, designers, and the common...

  7. Multi-language Struct Support in Babel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebner, D; Prantl, A; Epperly, T W

    2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Babel is an open-source language interoperability framework tailored to the needs of high-performance scientific computing. As an integral element of the Common Component Architecture (CCA) it is used in a wide range of research projects. In this paper we describe how we extended Babel to support interoperable tuple data types (structs). Structs are a common idiom in scientific APIs; they are an efficient way to pass tuples of nonuniform data between functions, and are supported natively by most programming languages. Using our extended version of Babel, developers of scientific code can now pass structs as arguments between functions implemented in any of the supported languages. In C, C++ and Fortran 2003, structs can be passed without the overhead of data marshaling or copying, providing language interoperability at minimal cost. Other supported languages are Fortran 77, Fortran 90, Java and Python. We will show how we designed a struct implementation that is interoperable with all of the supported languages and present benchmark data compare the performance of all language bindings, highlighting the differences between languages that offer native struct support and an object-oriented interface with getter/setter methods.

  8. Language of the Internet NAOMI S. BARON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlini, David

    processing to facilitate working on the Internet and the World Wide Web (1.3) Section 2 Linguistic Issues for Communicating via the Web 1 As with so many aspects of the computing world, the nature of the language of this chapter. #12;2 summarize the types of Web coding systems (4.1) present an overview of Web markup languages

  9. Intrinsic Constraints on Language: Grammar and Hermeneutics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bickhard, Mark H.

    Intrinsic Constraints on Language: Grammar and Hermeneutics Mark H. Bickhard Mark H. Bickhard on Language: Grammar and Hermeneutics Mark H. Bickhard Abstract Functional and pragmatic approaches to grammar to its nature. I also show how phenomena of implicature, the hermeneutic circle, and forms of creative

  10. Factored Language Models for Statistical Machine Translation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koehn, Philipp

    Factored Language Models for Statistical Machine Translation Amittai E. Axelrod TH E U N I V E R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.4.3 Log-Linear, Phrase-Based Translation Models . . . . . . . . . 11 3 Statistical Language S ITY OF E D I N B U R G H Master of Science by Research Institute for Communicating and Collaborative

  11. Optimization Modeling Languages Emmanuel Fragni`ere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gondzio, Jacek

    Optimization Modeling Languages Emmanuel Fragni`ere HEC, Department of Management, University, 1999 1 #12;Abstract The access to advanced optimization software needs more and more sophisticated modeling tools. Optimization modeling languages are tools that facilitate the decision making process based

  12. INVESTIGATION Construction of Reference Chromosome-Scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douches, David S.

    INVESTIGATION Construction of Reference Chromosome-Scale Pseudomolecules for Potato: Integrating was genotyped with several types of molecular genetic markers to construct a new ~936 cM linkage map comprising and orientation within the pseudo- molecules are closely collinear with independently constructed high density

  13. Risk Management Steering Committee Terms of Reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Risk Management Steering Committee Terms of Reference October 2009 1.0 Purpose The purposes Facilities Management Risk and Insurance Analyst Associate Vice-President Human Resources Administrative of the Steering Committee are: a) to follow a continuous process to understand and communicate risk from

  14. Previous Up Next Article From References: 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stachó, László

    Previous Up Next Article Citations From References: 0 From Reviews: 0 MR561879 (81d:62015) 62E20 for the volume of the intersection of an n-dimensional simplex and an n-dimensional ball is also given. {For

  15. Previous Up Next Article From References: 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stachó, László

    Previous Up Next Article Citations From References: 0 From Reviews: 0 MR1261496 (94k:49008) 49J35 of f on X × co(Y ). Here, co(Y ) is a certain simplex defined in the space of all real-valued functions

  16. Previous Up Next Article From References: 12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghys, Étienne

    Previous Up Next Article Citations From References: 12 From Reviews: 3 MR939473 (89e:55015) 55N35(M, R) is the cohomology of singular cochains whose value on a singular simplex is bounded independent of the simplex. From the work of Gromov, one knows that bounded cohomology interacts in a delicate manner

  17. Positional reference system for ultraprecision machining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jones B. (Knoxville, TN); Burleson, Robert R. (Clinton, TN); Pardue, Robert M. (Knoxville, TN)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A stable positional reference system for use in improving the cutting tool-to-part contour position in numerical controlled-multiaxis metal turning machines is provided. The reference system employs a plurality of interferometers referenced to orthogonally disposed metering bars which are substantially isolated from machine strain induced position errors for monitoring the part and tool positions relative to the metering bars. A microprocessor-based control system is employed in conjunction with the plurality of position interferometers and part contour description data inputs to calculate error components for each axis of movement and output them to corresponding axis drives with appropriate scaling and error compensation. Real-time position control, operating in combination with the reference system, makes possible the positioning of the cutting points of a tool along a part locus with a substantially greater degree of accuracy than has been attained previously in the art by referencing and then monitoring only the tool motion relative to a reference position located on the machine base.

  18. Positional reference system for ultraprecision machining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Arnold, J.B.; Burleson, R.R.; Pardue, R.M.

    1980-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A stable positional reference system for use in improving the cutting tool-to-part contour position in numerical controlled-multiaxis metal turning machines is provided. The reference system employs a plurality of interferometers referenced to orthogonally disposed metering bars which are substantially isolated from machine strain induced position errors for monitoring the part and tool positions relative to the metering bars. A microprocessor-based control system is employed in conjunction with the plurality of positions interferometers and part contour description data input to calculate error components for each axis of movement and output them to corresponding axis driven with appropriate scaling and error compensation. Real-time position control, operating in combination with the reference system, makes possible the positioning of the cutting points of a tool along a part locus with a substantially greater degree of accuracy than has been attained previously in the art by referencing and then monitoring only the tool motion relative to a reference position located on the machine base.

  19. REFERENCE GUIDE ENERGY CONSERVATION ASSISTANCE ACT (ECAA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with this requirement. Waste management guidance and plan template can be downloaded at http://www.energy that generate waste. Attachments: Energy Commission Waste Management Plan Guidance Waste Management Plan1 REFERENCE GUIDE ENERGY CONSERVATION ASSISTANCE ACT (ECAA) STATE ENERGY PROGRAM (SEP) AMERICAN

  20. Ris Energy Report 2 References chapter 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    8 Risø Energy Report 2 References chapter 3 1. IEA (2001), World Energy Outlook, OECD/IEA 2001. 2, Rome. 3. UNDP (2000): World Energy Assessment, NY 2000. 4. WEC (2001): Survey of energy resources. World Energy Council, Lon- don. 5. Kaltschmitt (2001): Martin Kaltschmitt, Hans Hartmann (Hrsg

  1. Hazard Communication Program 1.0 REFERENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Hazard Communication Program 1.0 REFERENCE California Code of Regulations, Title 8, Sections 337 the properties and potential safety and health hazards of the materials which they use or to which they are exposed. Employees who use or may be exposed to potentially hazardous substances or harmful physical

  2. FOR OFFICE USE ONLY Referred to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

    : In Partial Fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of: in: REVIEW AND ACCEPTANCE - REQUIRED SIGNATURESFOR OFFICE USE ONLY Month/Year Graduation Referred to Approved Denied GRADUATE SCHOOL THESIS of this thesis or dissertation. EMBARGO REQUEST Instructions: Student may request a one-year embargo

  3. Terms of Reference Information Security Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haase, Markus

    Terms of Reference Information Security Group Version 3.1 8 March 2011 © University of Leeds 2011 Security Group Information Security Management 3.1 (8/3/11) Page 2 of 4 Document Control Owner: Kevin Darley, IT Security Co-ordinator, Information Systems Services, University of Leeds Source Location: V

  4. Geoscience laser altimeter system - stellar reference system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Millar, Pamela S.; Sirota, J. Marcos [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Laser Remote Sensing Branch, Code 924, Greenbelt, Maryland, 20771 (United States); University of Maryland at Baltimore County, 5401 Wilkens Ave, Baltimore, Maryland, 21228-5398 (United States)

    1998-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    GLAS is an EOS space-based laser altimeter being developed to profile the height of the Earth's ice sheets with {approx}15 cm single shot accuracy from space under NASA's Mission to Planet Earth (MTPE). The primary science goal of GLAS is to determine if the ice sheets are increasing or diminishing for climate change modeling. This is achieved by measuring the ice sheet heights over Greenland and Antarctica to 1.5 cm/yr over 100 kmx100 km areas by crossover analysis (Zwally 1994). This measurement performance requires the instrument to determine the pointing of the laser beam to {approx}5 urad (1 arcsecond), 1-sigma, with respect to the inertial reference frame. The GLAS design incorporates a stellar reference system (SRS) to relate the laser beam pointing angle to the star field with this accuracy. This is the first time a spaceborne laser altimeter is measuring pointing to such high accuracy. The design for the stellar reference system combines an attitude determination system (ADS) with a laser reference system (LRS) to meet this requirement. The SRS approach and expected performance are described in this paper.

  5. Run-Time Library Routines Reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    MDS Run-Time Library Routines Reference Manual February 1993 Software Version: MDS 5.2 VAX.S.A. The following are trademarks of Digitial Equipment Corporation: CDD DECnet VAX DATATRIEVE DECUS VAXcluster DEC MicroVAX VAX Information Architecture DEC/CMS MicroVMS VMS DEC/MMS Rdb/VMS VT IDL (Interactive Data

  6. R Reference Manual: A gentle overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Priestley, Jennifer Lewis

    , yet similar to SAS, R is a commands-driven programming environment to execute statistical analysisR Reference Manual: A gentle overview #12;2 Developed and maintained by the Center for Statistics statistical computing packages ­ Excel, SPSS, Minitab, R and SAS. 1 Readers of this manual are assumed to have

  7. SENATE COMMITTEE ON AWARDS TERMS OF REFERENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    SENATE COMMITTEE ON AWARDS TERMS OF REFERENCE The committee shall: 1. Approve and recommend to Senate new or revised undergraduate and graduate student awards and the terms and conditions for those awards; 2. Consider and approve the student recipients nominated or recommended for undergraduate awards

  8. Xyce parallel electronic simulator : reference guide.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mei, Ting; Rankin, Eric Lamont; Thornquist, Heidi K.; Santarelli, Keith R.; Fixel, Deborah A.; Coffey, Todd Stirling; Russo, Thomas V.; Schiek, Richard Louis; Warrender, Christina E.; Keiter, Eric Richard; Pawlowski, Roger Patrick

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is a reference guide to the Xyce Parallel Electronic Simulator, and is a companion document to the Xyce Users Guide. The focus of this document is (to the extent possible) exhaustively list device parameters, solver options, parser options, and other usage details of Xyce. This document is not intended to be a tutorial. Users who are new to circuit simulation are better served by the Xyce Users Guide. The Xyce Parallel Electronic Simulator has been written to support, in a rigorous manner, the simulation needs of the Sandia National Laboratories electrical designers. It is targeted specifically to run on large-scale parallel computing platforms but also runs well on a variety of architectures including single processor workstations. It also aims to support a variety of devices and models specific to Sandia needs. This document is intended to complement the Xyce Users Guide. It contains comprehensive, detailed information about a number of topics pertinent to the usage of Xyce. Included in this document is a netlist reference for the input-file commands and elements supported within Xyce; a command line reference, which describes the available command line arguments for Xyce; and quick-references for users of other circuit codes, such as Orcad's PSpice and Sandia's ChileSPICE.

  9. Reference number ISO 8601:2004(E)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shiliang

    Reference number ISO 8601:2004(E) © ISO 2004 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 8601 Third edition 2004'heure #12;ISO 8601:2004(E) PDF disclaimer This PDF file may contain embedded typefaces. In accordance. The ISO Central Secretariat accepts no liability in this area. Adobe is a trademark of Adobe Systems

  10. Documents and Briefcase Zimbra Quick Reference Card

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portman, Douglas

    Documents and Briefcase Zimbra Quick Reference Card Documents ­ Workspace (http://z.rochester.edu) Documents Shortcuts Edit Refresh Show Shortcuts + Cancel Save + Go the `Shortcuts' tab on the left. Basic Briefcase Tasks What is Briefcase? It is a tool for managing files from

  11. FORM FOR ESPC CASE STUDIES AND REFERENCES | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    FORM FOR ESPC CASE STUDIES AND REFERENCES FORM FOR ESPC CASE STUDIES AND REFERENCES Document features a template, sample, and instructions to help Federal agencies develop case...

  12. asce standardized reference: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lux (of 26 INSTALLATION AND UNCERTAINTY EVALUATION OF REFERENCE HARDNESS STANDARD OF CROATIA CiteSeer Summary: Abstract ? Reference hardness standard with HV1 HV50 measuring...

  13. analytical reference standards: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lux (of 27 INSTALLATION AND UNCERTAINTY EVALUATION OF REFERENCE HARDNESS STANDARD OF CROATIA CiteSeer Summary: Abstract ? Reference hardness standard with HV1 HV50 measuring...

  14. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 4B Albuquerque, New Mexico Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 4B Albuquerque, New...

  15. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 5B Boulder, Colorado Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative...

  16. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 4C Seattle, Washington Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative...

  17. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 6B Helena, Montana Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative...

  18. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative...

  19. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 5A Chicago, Illinois Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative...

  20. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3B Las Vegas, Nevada Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative...

  1. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 4A Baltimore, Maryland Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative...

  2. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    akfairbankspre1980v1-47-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska Reference Buildings by Climate Zone...

  3. Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    minneapolispre1980v1-47-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 6A Minneapolis, Minnesota Reference Buildings by...

  4. Model Acquisition Language for Energy-Efficient Product Contracts...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Technologies Energy-Efficient Products Model Acquisition Language for Energy-Efficient Product Contracts Model Acquisition Language for Energy-Efficient Product Contracts...

  5. automated natural language: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    natural language. Our focus is on physical quantities found Forbus, Kenneth D. 200 Abduction in Natural Language Understanding Jerry R. Hobbs Computer Technologies and...

  6. EM Conducts Third Annual Spanish Language Training with Record...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    EM Conducts Third Annual Spanish Language Training with Record Participation EM Conducts Third Annual Spanish Language Training with Record Participation March 30, 2015 - 12:00pm...

  7. arrival english proficiency: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bao Pham; Will Radford 2007-01-01 345 Lord Beaconsfield and English Society University of Kansas - KU ScholarWorks Summary: - though i t is safe to say thavery few in this country...

  8. Learning Hierarchical Plans by Reading Simple English Dustin Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herr, Hugh

    Learning Hierarchical Plans by Reading Simple English Narratives Dustin Smith MIT Media Lab Cambridge, MA USA dsmit@mit.edu Kenneth Arnold MIT Media Lab Cambridge, MA USA kcarnold@mit.edu ABSTRACT We

  9. Annotated Bibliography of Research in the Teaching of English (2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beach, Richard; Brendler, Beth; Dillon, Deborah; Dockter, Jessie; Ernst, Stacy; Frederick, Amy; Galda, Lee; Helman, Lori; Kapoor, Richa; Ngo, Bic; O'Brien, David; Scharber, Cassie; Jorgensen, Karen A.; Liang, Lauren; Braaksma, Martine; Janssen, Tanja

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While a number of studies in the 2010 Bibliography document the increased use of digital/media tools in the English classroom, they also suggest that given students' heavy use of digital/media tools in their homes, issues ...

  10. Echoes of Folksongs in Bhutanese Literature in English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Chandra Shekhar

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    quoted in various books in English by foreign authors. * Lecturer in English, College of Science and Technology, Royal Bhutan Institute of Technology. Journal of Bhutan Studies 103 Modernization... just once in her novel. She gives transliteration and translation of the ‘four verse songs’ that are sung to pinch a girl, Chhime. Suddenly one or two of the younger people started to sing the four verse songs. These playful songs sung in jest...

  11. A bibliography of English imprints of Denmark through 1900

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, P. M.

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , in 1852-54, marks the advent of English as a tool of modern humanistic scholarship in Denmark as well as the beginning of serious oriental studies in the country. Indica tive of the difficulty which Danish publishers encountered in attempt ing... in English to attract the attention of prospective customers abroad. Pamphlets and catalogues advertising antiquarian books, fire grenades, portable buildings, iron pipe, steer ing and spectro-signalling apparatus, porcelain, and above all, butter, eggs...

  12. PASSPORTS TO PRIVILEGE: THE ENGLISH-MEDIUM SCHOOLS IN PAKISTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahman, Tariq

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    public demands for English education. English is still the key for a good future - a future with human dignity if not public deference; a future with material comfort if not prosperity; a future with that modicum of security, human rights... , Passports to Privilege 39 Mandela, Nelson. 1994. Long Walk to Freedom: The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. Mangan, J.A. 1986. The Games Ethic and Imperialism. New York: Viking, Penguin. Nabi, Mohammad. 1998...

  13. Reference Inside KS1992 Tray Inside Air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Llope, William J.

    Reference Inside KS1992 0.2 Tray Inside Air 0.5 Tray Inside Air 0.8 Tray Inside Air 0.2 Tray Side Wall Inner 0.2 Tray Side Wall Inner Under TAMP near sensor pos4 Under TAMP near sensor pos4 Air Gap Below TDIG pos1 Air Gap Below TDIG pos4 Air Gap Below TDIG pos6 HPTDC1 Chip pos6 HPTDC4 Chip pos6 HPTDC2

  14. Paraphrastic recurrent neural network language models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Chen, X.; Gales, M. J. F.; Woodland, P. C.

    2015-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    segmentation transducer, T?:?? 1In common with other paraphrase induction methods [1, 18], this scheme can also produce phrase pairs that are non-paraphrastic, for exam- ple, antonyms. However, this is of less concern for language modelling, for which improving... models,” Computer Speech & Language, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 492–518, 2007. [28] Y. Si, Q. Zhang, T. Li, J. Pan, and Y. Yan (2013), “Prefix tree based n-best list re-scoring for recurrent neural network language model used in speech recognition system...

  15. The language of Milton's Comus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnett, Frank Washburn

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gf my most honoux xd Lady, your dear sister. Amas d X stcod harrowtd with gx ie f and fear And, G poor hapless Nightingale thought I, How sweet thou sing'st, how near the deadly snare) &519-566) The diction of Chess lines is an interesting mixture...'ship, not shex ed by students in the seventeenth century. Several Latinate words in the lines quoted above need glossing fox the modern undergraduate? ~, which in modexn Eng3. ish means ~a static condition of uttex' decay or devastationq' ref'ers gx...

  16. COLLEGE OF ARTS AND HUMANITIES DEPARTMENT OF LANGUAGES, TRANSLATION AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    for All 2014 ­ 2015 If you want to work, study or travel abroad, language skills can help you to do this. The Languages for All (LFA) programme gives you the opportunity to gain invaluable languages skills while you.ariotti@swansea.ac.uk) #12;LFA ­ BEGINNERS* Module Code Title Credits Teaching Block CY-140 Languages for All ­ Welsh 1 10 1

  17. Department of Humanities Advanced Certificate in Modern Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Language and Area Study in French, German or Spanish must first complete the requirements: _____French (AFR) _____German (AGE) _____Spanish (ASP) I. Advanced Modern Language Seminar (3 credits required in Literature and Film ____ HU4291 Modern Language Seminar I ­ Spanish: Language and Power ____ HU4292 Modern

  18. NLP and Linguistics Introduction to Natural Language Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, David A.

    guess: Just as good? 6 #12;More data needed to decide 7 #12;Poverty of the Stimulus 8 #12;Poverty frequencies of language Remember: Language = set of strings 9 #12;Poverty of the Stimulus (1957) Children frequencies of language 10 #12;Poverty of the Stimulus (1957) Children listen to language Children

  19. Language Definitions as Rewrite Theories Andrei Arusoaie1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Language Definitions as Rewrite Theories Andrei Arusoaie1 , Dorel Lucanu1 , Vlad Rusu2 , Traian languages. It includes software tools for compiling K language definitions to Maude rewrite theories transformation of language definitions that enables the symbolic execution of programs, i.e., the exe- cution

  20. Language, embodiment, and the cognitive niche 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Andy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Embodied agents use bodily actions and environmental interventions to make the world a better place to think in. Where does language fit into this emerging picture of the embodied, ecologically efficient agent? One useful ...

  1. Investigating Dual Language Models: A Case Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luevanos-Clemente, Ruby Nicole

    2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The general purpose of this research was to identify the characteristics, along with differences, of the dual language (DL) programs in elementary schools in two central schools in Texas. A secondary purpose was to analyze test scores over time...

  2. SSML: A speech synthesis markup language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Paul A; Isard, Amy

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the Speech Synthesis Markup Language, SSML, which has been designed as a platform independent interface standard for speech synthesis systems. The paper discusses the need for standardisation in speech ...

  3. The RB Language Jonathan M. Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­­ ­­ The RB Language Jonathan M. Smith Distributed Systems Laboratory Department of Computer of an attempt to generate more practical examples of the scheme described by Smith and Maguire for ``competitive

  4. Dealing with data from West Nilotic languages 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remijsen, Bert

    2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 2005, the author has been involved in several projects aimed at investigating and documenting the Western Nilotic languages Dinka and Shilluk. Over the years he has come to distinguish primarily between two types of data, a distinction which...

  5. Hierarchy of Scales in Language Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blythe, Richard A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and insights from statistical physics are finding an increasing variety of applications where one seeks to understand the emergent properties of a complex interacting system. One such area concerns the dynamics of language at a variety of levels of description, from the behaviour of individual agents learning simple artificial languages from each other, up to changes in the structure of languages shared by large groups of speakers over historical timescales. In this Colloquium, we survey a hierarchy of scales at which language and linguistic behaviour can be described, along with the main progress in understanding that has been made at each of them---much of which has come from the statistical physics community. We argue that future developments may arise by linking the different levels of the hierarchy together in a more coherent fashion, in particular where this allows more effective use of rich empirical data sets.

  6. Modern Languages and Literatures Undergraduate programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Logan, David

    As a truly international, interconnected unit, the Department of Modern Languages and Literatures of- fers, Germany, Russia, Spain, or Mexico. If there is a program offered by another accredited univer- sity

  7. A Statistical Model for Lost Language Decipherment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snyder, Benjamin

    In this paper we propose a method for the automatic decipherment of lost langauges. Given a non-parallel corpus in a known related language, our model produces both alphabetic mappings and translations of words into their ...

  8. Language model parameter estimation using user transcriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Bo-June

    In limited data domains, many effective language modeling techniques construct models with parameters to be estimated on an in-domain development set. However, in some domains, no such data exist beyond the unlabeled test ...

  9. Topic-based mixture language modelling. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotoh, Yoshihiko; Renals, Steve

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes an approach for constructing a mixture of language models based on simple statistical notions of semantics using probabilistic models developed for information retrieval. The approach encapsulates corpus-derived semantic...

  10. BRASIL Language Specification March 9, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BRASIL Language Specification March 9, 2010 #12;Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 Getting Started: Simulations in BRASIL 4 2.1 The State-Effect Design Pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2 Supporting the State-Effect Pattern in BRASIL

  11. Language design for distributed stream processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newton, Ryan Rhodes, 1980-

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Applications that combine live data streams with embedded, parallel, and distributed processing are becoming more commonplace. WaveScript is a domain-specific language that brings high-level, type-safe, garbage-collected ...

  12. Natural Language Processing on the Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natural Language Processing on the Web Guy Lapalme RALI-DIRO, Université de Montréal ! http://www.iro.umontreal.ca/~lapalme #12;Overview · What is Natural Language Processing (NLP) · NLP for the Web · The Web for NLP 2 #12 recognition 5 #12;http://rali.iro.umontreal.ca #12;NLP for the syntactic Web search engines · NLP saved

  13. Non-Lexicalized Concepts in Wordnets: A Case Study of English and Hungarian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Net project sought to extend EuroWordNet with lexi- cal databases created for languages of the Balkan

  14. Modcomp MAX IV System Processors reference guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cummings, J.

    1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A user almost always faces a big problem when having to learn to use a new computer system. The information necessary to use the system is often scattered throughout many different manuals. The user also faces the problem of extracting the information really needed from each manual. Very few computer vendors supply a single Users Guide or even a manual to help the new user locate the necessary manuals. Modcomp is no exception to this, Modcomp MAX IV requires that the user be familiar with the system file usage which adds to the problem. At General Atomics there is an ever increasing need for new users to learn how to use the Modcomp computers. This paper was written to provide a condensed Users Reference Guide'' for Modcomp computer users. This manual should be of value not only to new users but any users that are not Modcomp computer systems experts. This Users Reference Guide'' is intended to provided the basic information for the use of the various Modcomp System Processors necessary to, create, compile, link-edit, and catalog a program. Only the information necessary to provide the user with a basic understanding of the Systems Processors is included. This document provides enough information for the majority of programmers to use the Modcomp computers without having to refer to any other manuals. A lot of emphasis has been placed on the file description and usage for each of the System Processors. This allows the user to understand how Modcomp MAX IV does things rather than just learning the system commands.

  15. Stromswold, Evolution & Genetics of Language 1 Genetics and the Evolution of Language: What genetic studies reveal about the evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stromswold, Karin

    Stromswold, Evolution & Genetics of Language 1 Genetics and the Evolution of Language: What genetic studies reveal about the evolution of language Karin Stromswold Rutgers University ­ New Brunswick Abstract. In this paper I argue that genetic studies of language provide insights about the evolution

  16. Department of Energy Construction Safety Reference Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DOE has adopted the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations Title 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 1926 ``Safety and Health Regulations for Construction,`` and related parts of 29 CFR 1910, ``Occupational Safety and Health Standards.`` This nonmandatory reference guide is based on these OSHA regulations and, where appropriate, incorporates additional standards, codes, directives, and work practices that are recognized and accepted by DOE and the construction industry. It covers excavation, scaffolding, electricity, fire, signs/barricades, cranes/hoists/conveyors, hand and power tools, concrete/masonry, stairways/ladders, welding/cutting, motor vehicles/mechanical equipment, demolition, materials, blasting, steel erection, etc.

  17. 1993 Solid Waste Reference Forecast Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Valero, O.J.; Blackburn, C.L. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Kaae, P.S.; Armacost, L.L.; Garrett, S.M.K. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report, which updates WHC-EP-0567, 1992 Solid Waste Reference Forecast Summary, (WHC 1992) forecasts the volumes of solid wastes to be generated or received at the US Department of Energy Hanford Site during the 30-year period from FY 1993 through FY 2022. The data used in this document were collected from Westinghouse Hanford Company forecasts as well as from surveys of waste generators at other US Department of Energy sites who are now shipping or plan to ship solid wastes to the Hanford Site for disposal. These wastes include low-level and low-level mixed waste, transuranic and transuranic mixed waste, and nonradioactive hazardous waste.

  18. AVIATION MANAGER QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of2 of 5) ALARAManager Qualification Standard Reference

  19. References - DOE Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > TheNuclear Press Releases 2014References by Website Administrator This

  20. Sandia Energy - Marine Hydrokinetics Technology: Reference Model

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand RequirementsCoatingsUltra-High-VoltagePowerUpdatesDevelopment Reference Model

  1. 2014 Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints: References

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of BadTHEEnergy VehicleSessionOffice |OfficeAboutofAugustReferences

  2. Template:Reference | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern ILSunseekerTallahatchieTecniplanReference Jump to:

  3. Commercial Reference Buildings | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, clickInformationNew York:Governor s(RedirectedColusaCommack,Reference

  4. A common language for computer security incidents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John D. Howard; Thomas A Longstaff

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Much of the computer security information regularly gathered and disseminated by individuals and organizations cannot currently be combined or compared because a common language has yet to emerge in the field of computer security. A common language consists of terms and taxonomies (principles of classification) which enable the gathering, exchange and comparison of information. This paper presents the results of a project to develop such a common language for computer security incidents. This project results from cooperation between the Security and Networking Research Group at the Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA, and the CERT{reg_sign} Coordination Center at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA. This Common Language Project was not an effort to develop a comprehensive dictionary of terms used in the field of computer security. Instead, the authors developed a minimum set of high-level terms, along with a structure indicating their relationship (a taxonomy), which can be used to classify and understand computer security incident information. They hope these high-level terms and their structure will gain wide acceptance, be useful, and most importantly, enable the exchange and comparison of computer security incident information. They anticipate, however, that individuals and organizations will continue to use their own terms, which may be more specific both in meaning and use. They designed the common language to enable these lower-level terms to be classified within the common language structure.

  5. The rural policeDosye che?f seksyon. English.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kole, Te?t; Ayisyen, Ti Peyizan

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and venality described was certainly a constant of rural Haitian life. In a major article in the Haitian-language weekly Líbete (8-14 novanm 1994, N° 111, p. 5), this report is cited as "the only serious study produced concerning the system of section chiefs...Occasional Paper N° 18 Bryant C. Freeman, Ph.D. Series Editor Tèt Kole Ti Peyizan Ayisyen 1> ° i H t t, |* * f S ^ i ^ » *\\ • £ «M i ' S li /// J J J 77Σ 7? w r a / Police . ft 5 V« Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas 1998...

  6. Reference worldwide model for antineutrinos from reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marica Baldoncini; Ivan Callegari; Giovanni Fiorentini; Fabio Mantovani; Barbara Ricci; Virginia Strati; Gerti Xhixha

    2015-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Antineutrinos produced at nuclear reactors constitute a severe source of background for the detection of geoneutrinos, which bring to the Earth's surface information about natural radioactivity in the whole planet. In this framework we provide a reference worldwide model for antineutrinos from reactors, in view of reactors operational records yearly published by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). We evaluate the expected signal from commercial reactors for ongoing (KamLAND and Borexino), planned (SNO+) and proposed (Juno, RENO-50, LENA and Hanohano) experimental sites. Uncertainties related to reactor antineutrino production, propagation and detection processes are estimated using a Monte Carlo based approach, which provides an overall site dependent uncertainty on the signal in the geoneutrino energy window on the order of 3%. We also implement the off-equilibrium correction to the reference reactor spectra associated with the long-lived isotopes and we estimate a 2.4% increase of the unoscillated event rate in the geoneutrino energy window due to the storage of spent nuclear fuels in the cooling pools. We predict that the research reactors contribute to less than 0.2% to the commercial reactor signal in the investigated 14 sites. We perform a multitemporal analysis of the expected reactor signal over a time lapse of 10 years using reactor operational records collected in a comprehensive database published at www.fe.infn.it/antineutrino.

  7. Generic Argillite/Shale Disposal Reference Case

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng, Liange; Colon, Carlos Jové; Bianchi, Marco; Birkholzer, Jens

    2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Radioactive waste disposal in a deep subsurface repository hosted in clay/shale/argillite is a subject of widespread interest given the desirable isolation properties, geochemically reduced conditions, and widespread geologic occurrence of this rock type (Hansen 2010; Bianchi et al. 2013). Bianchi et al. (2013) provides a description of diffusion in a clay-hosted repository based on single-phase flow and full saturation using parametric data from documented studies in Europe (e.g., ANDRA 2005). The predominance of diffusive transport and sorption phenomena in this clay media are key attributes to impede radionuclide mobility making clay rock formations target sites for disposal of high-level radioactive waste. The reports by Hansen et al. (2010) and those from numerous studies in clay-hosted underground research laboratories (URLs) in Belgium, France and Switzerland outline the extensive scientific knowledge obtained to assess long-term clay/shale/argillite repository isolation performance of nuclear waste. In the past several years under the UFDC, various kinds of models have been developed for argillite repository to demonstrate the model capability, understand the spatial and temporal alteration of the repository, and evaluate different scenarios. These models include the coupled Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical (THM) and Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical-Chemical (THMC) models (e.g. Liu et al. 2013; Rutqvist et al. 2014a, Zheng et al. 2014a) that focus on THMC processes in the Engineered Barrier System (EBS) bentonite and argillite host hock, the large scale hydrogeologic model (Bianchi et al. 2014) that investigates the hydraulic connection between an emplacement drift and surrounding hydrogeological units, and Disposal Systems Evaluation Framework (DSEF) models (Greenberg et al. 2013) that evaluate thermal evolution in the host rock approximated as a thermal conduction process to facilitate the analysis of design options. However, the assumptions and the properties (parameters) used in these models are different, which not only make inter-model comparisons difficult, but also compromise the applicability of the lessons learned from one model to another model. The establishment of a reference case would therefore be helpful to set up a baseline for model development. A generic salt repository reference case was developed in Freeze et al. (2013) and the generic argillite repository reference case is presented in this report. The definition of a reference case requires the characterization of the waste inventory, waste form, waste package, repository layout, EBS backfill, host rock, and biosphere. This report mainly documents the processes in EBS bentonite and host rock that are potentially important for performance assessment and properties that are needed to describe these processes, with brief description other components such as waste inventory, waste form, waste package, repository layout, aquifer, and biosphere. A thorough description of the generic argillite repository reference case will be given in Jové Colon et al. (2014).

  8. Chimera Grids for Water Simulation R. Elliot English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedkiw, Ron

    Chimera Grids for Water Simulation R. Elliot English Stanford University Linhai Qiu Stanford propellers. Abstract We introduce a new method for large scale water simulation using Chimera grid embedding level set method in order to adapt it to Chimera grids including particle treatment across grid

  9. A NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR ENGLISH BIBLIOGRAPHY September 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oyet, Alwell

    and Labrador English (NLE). A resource for some recent as yet unpublished conference papers is ://musl.ling.mun.ca >, the website of the Memorial University Sociolinguistics Laboratory (MUSL). Further resources on NLE can be obtained by searching the Newfoundland Periodical Article Bibliography (PAB) compiled by Memorial

  10. Research Resources for English Literature A. Get Connected

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    an important role in the formation of Canada. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online) 50Research Resources for English Literature A. Get Connected Library Web Page http://library. Holdings in Libraries across Canada and around the World Find Information Other Library Catalogues Amicus

  11. A translation of recursive algebra queries into the access language of a nested relations database prototype

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caulfield, Jonathan

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    REFERENCES . 109 APPENDIX A BNF GRAMMAR OF THE QUERY LANGUAGE . . B SELECTION TRANSLATIONS . 114 119 LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1 A First Normal Form Parent and Child Da, tabase Page 2 A Nested Parent and Child Database 3 The EMP Relation 14 ename...='Fred') 5 a(EMP(Childage ? rs) . 6 s'((ename, Child(cname), Skills) EMP) . . 7 The EMP1 Relation . . 8 The EMP2 Relation . . 15 16 18 21 22 9 U(EMP1, EMP2) 10 U'(EMP1, EMP2) . . 11 n(EMp1, EMp2) 12 n'(EMpl, EMp2) . 13 ? (EMP1, EMP2) 14 ? '(EMP1...

  12. WECC Variable Generation Planning Reference Book

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makarov, Yuri V.; Du, Pengwei; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Vyakaranam, Bharat

    2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This planning reference book is a document reflecting a Western Electricity Coordination Council (WECC) effort to put together multiple sources of information and provide a clear, systemic, comprehensive outline of the problems, both existing and anticipated; their impacts on the system; currently used and proposed solutions by the industry and research community; planning practices; new technologies, equipment, and standards; and expected future trends. This living (periodically updated) document could help WECC and other practicing engineers, especially the younger generation of engineers joining the workforce, to get familiar with a large variety of information related to the integration of variable resources into the WECC system, bypassing in part the need for time-consuming information gathering and learning processes from more experienced engineers or from the literature.

  13. Semantic Features for Classifying Referring Search Terms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    May, Chandler J.; Henry, Michael J.; McGrath, Liam R.; Bell, Eric B.; Marshall, Eric J.; Gregory, Michelle L.

    2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    When an internet user clicks on a result in a search engine, a request is submitted to the destination web server that includes a referrer field containing the search terms given by the user. Using this information, website owners can analyze the search terms leading to their websites to better understand their visitors needs. This work explores some of the features that can be used for classification-based analysis of such referring search terms. We present initial results for the example task of classifying HTTP requests countries of origin. A system that can accurately predict the country of origin from query text may be a valuable complement to IP lookup methods which are susceptible to the obfuscation of dereferrers or proxies. We suggest that the addition of semantic features improves classifier performance in this example application. We begin by looking at related work and presenting our approach. After describing initial experiments and results, we discuss paths forward for this work.

  14. ACAA fly ash basics: quick reference card

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fly ash is a fine powdery material created when coal is burned to generate electricity. Before escaping into the environment via the utility stacks, the ash is collected and may be stored for beneficial uses or disposed of, if necessary. The use of fly ash provides environmental benefits, such as the conservation of natural resources, the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and eliminating the needed for ash disposal in landfills. It is also a valuable mineral resource that is used in construction and manufacturing. Fly ash is used in the production of Portland cement, concrete, mortars and stuccos, manufactured aggregates along with various agricultural applications. As mineral filler, fly ash can be used for paints, shingles, carpet backing, plastics, metal castings and other purposes. This quick reference card is intended to provide the reader basic source, identification and composition, information specifically related to fly ash.

  15. ILC Reference Design Report Volume 3 - Accelerator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phinney, Nan; Walker, Nicholas

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The International Linear Collider (ILC) is a 200-500 GeV center-of-mass high-luminosity linear electron-positron collider, based on 1.3 GHz superconducting radio-frequency (SCRF) accelerating cavities. The ILC has a total footprint of about 31 km and is designed for a peak luminosity of 2x10^34 cm^-2 s^-1. The complex includes a polarized electron source, an undulator-based positron source, two 6.7 km circumference damping rings, two-stage bunch compressors, two 11 km long main linacs and a 4.5 km long beam delivery system. This report is Volume III (Accelerator) of the four volume Reference Design Report, which describes the design and cost of the ILC.

  16. Reference-frame-independent quantum key distribution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laing, Anthony; Rarity, John G.; O'Brien, Jeremy L. [Centre for Quantum Photonics, H. H. Wills Physics Laboratory and Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Bristol, BS8 1UB (United Kingdom); Scarani, Valerio [Centre for Quantum Technologies and Department of Physics, National University of Singapore (Singapore)

    2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a quantum key distribution protocol based on pairs of entangled qubits that generates a secure key between two partners in an environment of unknown and slowly varying reference frame. A direction of particle delivery is required, but the phases between the computational basis states need not be known or fixed. The protocol can simplify the operation of existing setups and has immediate applications to emerging scenarios such as earth-to-satellite links and the use of integrated photonic waveguides. We compute the asymptotic secret key rate for a two-qubit source, which coincides with the rate of the six-state protocol for white noise. We give the generalization of the protocol to higher-dimensional systems and detail a scheme for physical implementation in the three-dimensional qutrit case.

  17. Cognitive Structures Underlying Gendered Language Usage in Germany: Narration and Linguistic Fieldwork

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolar, Meredith

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gendered Language Usage in Germany: Narration and LinguisticGendered Language Usage in Germany: Narration and LinguisticGendered Language Usage in Germany: Narration and Linguistic

  18. Credit and Trade References President and Fellows of Harvard College

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Credit and Trade References President and Fellows of Harvard College 1033 Massachusetts Avenue, 2nd;Trade References VWR International Risk Department Contact: Brian Newton TEL: 770-792-1271 FAX: 484

  19. SPD SEIS References for Appendix F | National Nuclear Security...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    SPD SEIS References for Appendix F SPD SEIS References for Appendix F Blunt, B., 2010, Savannah River Site, Aiken, South Carolina, personal communication (email) to J. DiMarzio,...

  20. "No two directions are ever the same": Transforming reference services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stratton, John M.; Devlin, Frances A.

    2008-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This poster provides information about the changes that have occurred in reference services at the University of Kansas (KU) Libraries since 2002. Our intent is to illustrate the evolution of thinking about reference ...

  1. It's Complicated!: The Continuing Evolution of the Reference Service Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devlin, Frances A.; Ellis, Erin L.

    2010-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Digital resources and technologies have brought new dimensions to librarianship and traditional reference services. At the University of Kansas (KU) Libraries, reference services have been evolving and reconfigured several ...

  2. One in five online scholarly articles affected by 'reference...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on reference rot, the combination of link rot and content drift to which references to web resources included in STM articles are subject. January 26, 2015 From left, Los Alamos...

  3. GE & AE Extension Request Form, Version 11, Feb 2013, JC Program Change General English or Academic English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    GE & AE Extension Request Form, Version 11, Feb 2013, JC Program Change ­ General English of GE do you wish to request? 1 2 3 4 (GE sessions are 5 weeks) How many GE hours do you wish to take ______________________________________________ Date _________________ #12;GE & AE Extension Request Form, Version 11, Feb 2013, JC Please submit

  4. On the Intrinsic Locality Properties of Web Reference Streams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    On the Intrinsic Locality Properties of Web Reference Streams Rodrigo Fonseca Virg´ilio Almeida in the study of Web reference streams: sequences of requests for Web objects. In particular, many studies have into the nature of reference stream transformations in the Web. I. INTRODUCTION Considerable effort has gone

  5. Generating and Interpreting Referring Expressions in Dustin Arthur Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Referring Expressions in Context by Dustin Arthur Smith Submitted to the Program of Media Arts and Sciences, MIT Media Lab #12;Generating and Interpreting Referring Expressions in Context by Dustin Arthur SmithGenerating and Interpreting Referring Expressions in Context by Dustin Arthur Smith B.S., Wake

  6. Model Reference Adaptive Control Framework for Real Time Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Adaptive Control #12;12 Prescriptive Dynamic Traffic Assignment A Prediction Model and the Reference ModelModel Reference Adaptive Control Framework for Real Time Traffic Management Under Emergency Movement Volume Adaptive Controller Model Reference Adaptive Control (MRAC) Assumptions Super Zone Concept

  7. RECENT REFERENCES: APRIL 1, 2005 TO JUNE 30, 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WINCHELL, D.F.

    2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This document lists experimental references added to Nuclear Science References (NSR) during the period April 1, 2005 to June 30, 2005. The first section lists keynumbers and keywords sorted by mass and nuclide. The second section lists all references, ordered by keynumber.

  8. RECENT REFERENCES: JANUARY 1, 2005 TO DECEMBER 31, 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WINCHELL, D.F.

    2005-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This document lists experimental references added to Nuclear Science References (NSR) during the period January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2005. The first section lists keynumbers and keywords sorted by mass and nuclide. The second section lists all references, ordered by keynumber.

  9. RECENT REFERENCES: OCTOBER 1, 2005 TO DECEMBER 31, 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WINCHELL, D.F.

    2005-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This document lists experimental references added to Nuclear Science References (NSR) during the period October 1, 2005 to December 31, 2005. The first section lists keynumbers and keywords sorted by mass and nuclide. The second section lists all references, ordered by keynumber.

  10. 54 | P a g e Terms of Reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brownstone, Rob

    in campus sustainability by: o Working together to reduce the amount of water, energy and products we use 54 | P a g e Terms of Reference DALHOUSIE UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF SUSTAINABILITY Rethink: Sustainability on Campus SUSTAINABILITY TEAMS Terms of Reference 1.0 Introduction These terms of reference

  11. Using Enterprise Reference Models for Automated ISO 9000 Compliance Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Mark S.

    1 Using Enterprise Reference Models for Automated ISO 9000 Compliance Evaluation Henry M. Kim1, and then compared to a reference model of "good" processes and structures, such as the ISO 9000 standards. In this paper, the TOVE ISO 9000 Micro-Theory is presented as a formal reference model of quality goodness. ISO

  12. CRYSTALLINE CERAMIC WASTE FORMS: REFERENCE FORMULATION REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brinkman, K.; Fox, K.; Marra, J.

    2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The research conducted in this work package is aimed at taking advantage of the long term thermodynamic stability of crystalline ceramics to create more durable waste forms (as compared to high level waste glass) in order to reduce the reliance on engineered and natural barrier systems. Durable ceramic waste forms that incorporate a wide range of radionuclides have the potential to broaden the available disposal options and to lower the storage and disposal costs associated with advanced fuel cycles. Assemblages of several titanate phases have been successfully demonstrated to incorporate radioactive waste elements, and the multiphase nature of these materials allows them to accommodate variation in the waste composition. Recent work has shown that they can be successfully produced from a melting and crystallization process. The objective of this report is to explain the design of ceramic host systems culminating in a reference ceramic formulation for use in subsequent studies on process optimization and melt property data assessment in support of FY13 melter demonstration testing. The waste stream used as the basis for the development and testing is a combination of the projected Cs/Sr separated stream, the Trivalent Actinide - Lanthanide Separation by Phosphorous reagent Extraction from Aqueous Komplexes (TALSPEAK) waste stream consisting of lanthanide fission products, the transition metal fission product waste stream resulting from the transuranic extraction (TRUEX) process, and a high molybdenum concentration with relatively low noble metal concentrations. In addition to the combined CS/LN/TM High Mo waste stream, variants without Mo and without Mo and Zr were also evaluated. Based on the results of fabricating and characterizing several simulated ceramic waste forms, two reference ceramic waste form compositions are recommended in this report. The first composition targets the CS/LN/TM combined waste stream with and without Mo. The second composition targets with CS/LN/TM combined waste stream with Mo and Zr removed. Waste streams that contain Mo must be produced in reducing environments to avoid Cs-Mo oxide phase formation. Waste streams without Mo have the ability to be melt processed in air. A path forward for further optimizing the processing steps needed to form the targeted phase assemblages is outlined in this report. Processing modifications including melting in a reducing atmosphere, and controlled heat treatment schedules are anticipated to improve the targeted elemental partitioning.

  13. A Study of Some of the 17th and 18th Century Dramatic Versions of the Oedipus Legend in French and English with some Reference to Spanish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malott, Anne C.

    1914-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was but nineteen. Like Corneille, Voltaire intended to compose hi® 'OEdipe% "presque sans amour." But he says, "Les Comediennes se mocquerent de moi, quand elles virent qu'il n 'y aveit point de role pour l'Aflfoureuse Je g&tai ma Pilce pour leur plaire, en...

  14. (Translated Version Jan. 2013) The English translation of this document is provided solely for reference purposes. The original Japanese document remains the official text.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tachizawa, Kazuya

    to as "early retirement system"). (Conditions for Early Retirement) Article 2 Persons able to apply for retirement under the early retirement system are those fully age fifty-five and over on the day of retirement under the early retirement system: (i) Persons whose period of University employment in which

  15. DOES THE SPOKEN LANGUAGE HELP OR HINDER THE SPELLING IN THE SECOND LANGUAGE? A CASE OF INDONESIAN AND ACEHNESE LANGUAGE 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yulia, Astri

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The general purpose of this study was to examine the spelling of five phonemes that are similar in Acehnese and Indonesian but represented by different graphemes in the two languages. This study aimed to see whether the exposure to the spoken...

  16. Reference repository design concept for bedded salt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carpenter, D.W.; Martin, R.W.

    1980-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A reference design concept is presented for the subsurface portions of a nuclear waste repository in bedded salt. General geologic, geotechnical, hydrologic and geochemical data as well as descriptions of the physical systems are provided for use on generic analyses of the pre- and post-sealing performance of repositories in this geologic medium. The geology of bedded salt deposits and the regional and repository horizon stratigraphy are discussed. Structural features of salt beds including discontinuities and dissolution features are presented and their effect on repository performance is discussed. Seismic hazards and the potential effects of earthquakes on underground repositories are presented. The effect on structural stability and worker safety during construction from hydrocarbon and inorganic gases is described. Geohydrologic considerations including regional hydrology, repository scale hydrology and several hydrological failure modes are presented in detail as well as the hydrological considerations that effect repository design. Operational phase performance is discussed with respect to operations, ventilation system, shaft conveyances, waste handling and retrieval systems and receival rates of nuclear waste. Performance analysis of the post sealing period of a nuclear repository is discussed, and parameters to be used in such an analysis are presented along with regulatory constraints. Some judgements are made regarding hydrologic failure scenarios. Finally, the design and licensing process, consistent with the current licensing procedure is described in a format that can be easily understood.

  17. SAPHIRE 8 Volume 2 - Technical Reference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. L. Smith; S. T. Wood; W. J. Galyean; J. A. Schroeder; M. B. Sattison

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) refers to a set of computer programs that were developed to create and analyze probabilistic risk assessment (PRAs). Herein information is provided on the principles used in the construction and operation of Version 8.0 of the SAPHIRE system. This report summarizes the fundamental mathematical concepts of sets and logic, fault trees, and probability. This volume then describes the algorithms used to construct a fault tree and to obtain the minimal cut sets. It gives the formulas used to obtain the probability of the top event from the minimal cut sets, and the formulas for probabilities that apply for various assumptions concerning reparability and mission time. It defines the measures of basic event importance that SAPHIRE can calculate. This volume gives an overview of uncertainty analysis using simple Monte Carlo sampling or Latin Hypercube sampling, and states the algorithms used by this program to generate random basic event probabilities from various distributions. Also covered are enhance capabilities such as seismic analysis, Workspace algorithms, cut set "recovery," end state manipulation, and use of "compound events."

  18. WECC Variable Generation Planning Reference Book: Appendices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makarov, Yuri V.; Du, Pengwei; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Vyakaranam, Bharat

    2013-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The document titled “WECC Variable Generation Planning Reference Book”. This book is divided into two volumes; one is the main document (volume 1)and the other is appendices (volume 2). The main document is a collection of the best practices and the information regarding the application and impact of variables generation on power system planning. This volume (appendices) has additional information on the following topics: Probabilistic load flow problems. 2. Additional useful indices. 3. high-impact low-frequency (HILF) events. 4. Examples of wide-area nomograms. 5. Transmission line ratings, types of dynamic rating methods. 6. Relative costs per MW-km of different electric power transmission technologies. 7. Ultra-high voltage (UHV) transmission. 8.High voltage direct current (VSC-HVDC). 9. HVDC. 10. Rewiring of existing transmission lines. 11. High-temperature low sag (HTLS) conductors. 12. The direct method and energy functions for transient stability analysis in power systems. 13.Blackouts caused by voltage instability. 14. Algorithm for parameter continuation predictor-corrector methods. 15. Approximation techniques available for security regions. 16. Impacts of wind power on power system small signals stability. 17. FIDVR. 18. FACTS. 19. European planning standard and practices. 20. International experience in wind and solar energy sources. 21. Western Renewable Energy Zones (WREZ). 22. various energy storage technologies. 23. demand response. 24. BA consolidation and cooperation options. 25. generator power management requirements and 26. European planning guidelines.

  19. On the Representation of Physical Quantities in Natural Language Text

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forbus, Kenneth D.

    On the Representation of Physical Quantities in Natural Language Text Sven E. Kuehne (skuehne processes from natural language text. In an earlier analysis (Kuehne & Forbus, 2002) we presented a scheme

  20. 6.881 Natural Language Processing, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barzilay, Regina

    This course is a graduate level introduction to natural language processing, the primary concern of which is the study of human language from a computational perspective. The class will cover models at the level of syntactic, ...

  1. Crowd-supervised training of spoken language systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Ian C. (Ian Carmichael)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spoken language systems are often deployed with static speech recognizers. Only rarely are parameters in the underlying language, lexical, or acoustic models updated on-the-fly. In the few instances where parameters are ...

  2. Modeling prosodic features in language models for meetings. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we investigate the application of a novel technique for language modeling - a hierarchical Bayesian language model (LM) based on the Pitman-Yor process - on automatic speech recognition (ASR) for multiparty meetings. The hierarchical...

  3. Integration and Segregation of Information in Language and Math 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsiao, Yi-ting

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    . In this dissertation, we present and discuss the operational characters in WM investigating two different computations, integration and segregation in two different domains, mathematics and language. Similarity in processing mathematics and language in mathematics...

  4. Identifying Patterns in Geospatial Natural Language Kristin Stock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    Identifying Patterns in Geospatial Natural Language Kristin Stock Nottingham Geospatial Institute University of Nottingham Abstract The automated interpretation of geospatial be suitable as an approach to the representation of geospatial natural language that supports

  5. Sourcelevel Debugging for Multiple Languages With Modest Programming Effort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsey, Norman

    Source­level Debugging for Multiple Languages With Modest Programming Effort Sukyoung Ryu present techniques that enable source­level debugging for multi­ ple languages at the cost of only modest

  6. A Survey and Critique of American Sign Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    A Survey and Critique of American Sign Language Natural Language Generation and Machine Translation Systems Technical Report Computer and Information Sciences University of Pennsylvania MS-CIS-03-32 Matthew ....................................................9 Underlying Machine Translation Architecture

  7. Language Embedding by Dual Compilation and State Mirroring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarau, Paul

    suggest that logic programming language­processors can be made to fit easily in a multi in modern program­ ming environments. Monolithic language implementations tend to be replaced more and more

  8. SPATIAL DATABASE MODELING WITH PICTOGRAMMIC LANGUAGES Yvan Bdard, Suzie Larrive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SPATIAL DATABASE MODELING WITH PICTOGRAMMIC LANGUAGES Yvan Bédard, Suzie Larrivée Dept of Geomatics Sciences Centre for Research in Geomatics Canada NSERC Industrial Research Chair in Geospatial Databases language extension, Spatial data modeling, Perceptory pictograms. DEFINITION "Spatial databases" consist

  9. Notes on Kusunda Grammar: A language isolate of Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watters, David

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Indo-Pacific language in Nepal”. Proceedings of the Nationalin selected languages of Nepal, Vol. II:81-174. Turner,Dor Bahadur. 1967. People of Nepal. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak

  10. Efficient Integration of Old and New Research Tools for Automating the Identification and Analysis of Seismic Reference Events

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner, Robert; Rivers, Wilmer

    2005-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    any single computer program for seismic data analysis will not have all the capabilities needed to study reference events, since hese detailed studies will be highly specialized. It may be necessary to develop and test new algorithms, and then these special ;odes must be integrated with existing software to use their conventional data-processing routines. We have investigated two neans of establishing communications between the legacy and new codes: CORBA and XML/SOAP Web services. We have nvestigated making new Java code communicate with a legacy C-language program, geotool, running under Linux. Both methods vere successful, but both were difficult to implement. C programs on UNIX/Linux are poorly supported for Web services, compared vith the Java and .NET languages and platforms. Easier-to-use middleware will be required for scientists to construct distributed applications as easily as stand-alone ones. Considerable difficulty was encountered in modifying geotool, and this problem shows he need to use component-based user interfaces instead of large C-language codes where changes to one part of the program nay introduce side effects into other parts. We have nevertheless made bug fixes and enhancements to that legacy program, but t remains difficult to expand it through communications with external software.

  11. GE & AE Program Change Form, Version 9, May 2012, JC Program Change General English or Academic English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    GE & AE Program Change Form, Version 9, May 2012, JC Program Change ­ General English or Academic to GE. How many more sessions of GE do you wish to request? 1 2 3 4 5 6 How many GE hours do you wish to take? 21 hours 27 hours 2) ____ I am a GE student, and I would like to switch to AE. How many more

  12. Facebook in all six Celtic Languages Kevin Scannell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scannell, Kevin Patrick

    Facebook in all six Celtic Languages (mar dhea) Kevin Scannell Saint Louis University May 31, 2012 #12;Social media and endangered languages Social media: Facebook, Twitter, blogs, podcasts (audio Appealing to kids, the most important demographic! #12;Facebook for language revitalization I spent

  13. The Application of XML Languages for Integrating Molecular Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    The Application of XML Languages for Integrating Molecular Resources Content 1) The Application of XML Languages for Integrating Molecular Resources 2) Georgios V. Gkoutos,a Peter Murray-Rust,b Henry S of Molecular Resources 7) Molecular Integration based on XML 8) The ChemDig Project 9) Chemical Markup Language

  14. School of Languages, Literatures and CulturalStudies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    School of Languages, Literatures and CulturalStudies Postgraduate Handbook 2012/2013 #12;2 Table of Contents Introduction 2 Information about College 3 Graduate Studies Office 7 The School of Languages back ­ to the School of Languages, Literatures and Cultural Studies as a postgraduate student

  15. Synchronization in Multimedia Languages for Distributed Systems A. Guercio1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bansal, Arvind K.

    Synchronization in Multimedia Languages for Distributed Systems A. Guercio1 , A. Bansal2 , T. Arndt Introduction The rising popularity of multimedia content on the web has led to the development of special-purpose languages for multimedia authoring and presentations. Examples of such languages include SMIL [1], VRML [2

  16. UMass Lowell Intensive Spanish Language & Culture in Cdiz, Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    UMass Lowell Intensive Spanish Language & Culture in Cádiz, Spain Program Description Travel to Spain and study at the University of Cádiz in a specialized intensive language program established Lowell During the Summer in Cádiz, Spain! Complete Levels 1-4 (12 credit) of Spanish language in one

  17. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ LANGUAGES AND APPLIED LINGUISTICS DEPARTMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Pool Search: Spanish Language The Department of Languages and Applied Linguistics at the University of California, Santa Cruz is developing a pool of qualified temporary Spanish language instructors who could. Candidates are expected to have native or near-native proficiency in Spanish. RANK: Lecturer. SALARY

  18. A Cross-Language Approach to Historic Document Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamps, Jaap

    a cross-language approach to historic document retrieval, and investigate (1) the automatic construction are able to automatically construct rules for modernizing historic language based on comparing (a) phonetic vertical search engine should be able to bridge the gap between the historic language of the document

  19. ACOEL on CORAL A COmponent Requirement and Abstraction Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leavens, Gary T.

    ACOEL on CORAL A COmponent Requirement and Abstraction Language An Extended Abstract Vugranam C. Sreedhar IBM TJ Watson Research Center Hawthorne, NY 10532 sreedhar@watson.ibm.com ABSTRACT CORAL is a language for specifying properties of ACOEL, a component-oriented extensional language. The design of CORAL

  20. Statistical Natural Language 4.0 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohri, Mehryar

    199 CHAPTER 4 Statistical Natural Language Processing 4.0 Introduction The application of statistical methods to natural language processing has been remarkably successful over the past Language Processing Semiring Set 0 1 Boolean {0, 1} 0 1 Probability R+ + × 0 1 Log R {-, +} log + + 0

  1. Lattice based language models Pierre Dupont y and Ronald Rosenfeld

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , statistical language models typically estimate P r(wjh) -- the conditional distribution of the identity@univ­st­etienne.fr #12; Keywords: speech recognition, statistical language modeling, lattice based models, smoothing techniques #12; 1 Introduction Statistical language modeling is concerned with estimating the probability

  2. On Linguistic Quality of Natural Language Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruggieri, Salvatore

    , has now reached its limits. Like classical engineering switched from quality control to total qualityOn Linguistic Quality of Natural Language Requirements F. Fabbrini 1 , M. Fusani 1 , V. Gervasi 2 Informatica, Corso Italia 40, 56125 Pisa Italy. Abstract. We recognize the need for defining a quality model

  3. Translating Facebook into Endangered Languages Kevin Scannell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scannell, Kevin Patrick

    Translating Facebook into Endangered Languages Kevin Scannell Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, USA [kscanne@gmail.com] Abstract: Facebook is an incredibly popular social networking site to Facebook as a way for small and scattered speaker populations to connect with each other online

  4. Language Preorder as a Precongruence Wan Fokkink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, P. W.

    by a single-sorted rst-order signature, and transitions are supplied with labels. Labelled transition systems equivalence called tyft tyxt, supplied with a well-foundedness criterion. Sponsored in part by a grant from in this format is always a congruence. The con- gruence format for language equivalence, called L cool, consists

  5. Language Production General Points about Speech Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulson, Seana

    Language Production #12;General Points about Speech Production 15 speech sounds per second => 2, shall I say `t' or `d'' (Levelt) Production side has gotten less attention in Psycholinguistics than the comprehension side. Evidence for speech production behaviour has until recently relied heavily on speech errors

  6. a Packet Processing Language Eric Krupski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PPL a Packet Processing Language Eric Krupski 15 June 2004 Dartmouth College Computer Science Technical Report TR2004-508 #12;Krupski 1 Table of Contents: Abstract 2 Introduction 2 Details of PPL 7 C Representations of PPL Data 18 Analysis 19 Future Work 22 Conclusions 23 Appendix 1 25 Appendix 2 30 #12;Krupski 2

  7. The Core Language of Aldwych Matthew HUNTBACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huntbach, Matthew

    programming, linear variables, single-assignment variables. Introduction It has been noted since University of London Abstract. Aldwych is a general purpose programming language which we have developed in order to provide a mechanism for practical programming which can be thought of in an inherently

  8. Storytelling with robots : effects of robot language level on children's language learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kory, Jacqueline (Jacqueline Marie)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Children's oral language skills in preschool can predict their academic success later in life. Increasing children's skills early on could improve their success in middle and high school. To this end, I examined the potential ...

  9. Romani Language: Cataloging Ramifications for a Language in the Process of Standardization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Husic, Geoff

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A discussion of issues related to the cataloging of a language, Romani (or Romany), which is only in the 21st century beginning to achieve some degree of standardization. The discussion focuses on issues of Romani orthography, ...

  10. International linear collider reference design report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aarons, G.

    2007-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The International Linear Collider will give physicists a new cosmic doorway to explore energy regimes beyond the reach of today's accelerators. A proposed electron-positron collider, the ILC will complement the Large Hadron Collider, a proton-proton collider at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland, together unlocking some of the deepest mysteries in the universe. With LHC discoveries pointing the way, the ILC -- a true precision machine -- will provide the missing pieces of the puzzle. Consisting of two linear accelerators that face each other, the ILC will hurl some 10 billion electrons and their anti-particles, positrons, toward each other at nearly the speed of light. Superconducting accelerator cavities operating at temperatures near absolute zero give the particles more and more energy until they smash in a blazing crossfire at the centre of the machine. Stretching approximately 35 kilometres in length, the beams collide 14,000 times every second at extremely high energies -- 500 billion-electron-volts (GeV). Each spectacular collision creates an array of new particles that could answer some of the most fundamental questions of all time. The current baseline design allows for an upgrade to a 50-kilometre, 1 trillion-electron-volt (TeV) machine during the second stage of the project. This reference design provides the first detailed technical snapshot of the proposed future electron-positron collider, defining in detail the technical parameters and components that make up each section of the 31-kilometer long accelerator. The report will guide the development of the worldwide R&D program, motivate international industrial studies and serve as the basis for the final engineering design needed to make an official project proposal later this decade.

  11. The Pumping Lemma, Part 2 Some languages are not context-free languages.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bylander, Tom

    The Pumping Lemma, Part 2 Some languages are not context-free languages. A pumping lemma can. #12; Proof of the Pumping Lemma Theorem: Let A be a CFL. There exists a num- ber p, for all w, if jsj; ) uvRyz #3; ) uvxyz S u R z R y v x #12; Using the Pumping Lemma A 1 = fa n b n c n : n #21; 0g Choose

  12. English and American shipboard carpenters, ca. 1725-1825

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDermott, Brendan Joseph

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    it be evil (Ecc. 12:12, 14). For my mother and father, married for 50 years and I' ve never heard them raise their voices to each other once. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS A great many people have contributed in large and small ways to the completion of this thesis...'s time as one of hardship mixed with harsh discipline. i ~ Subsequent works seem to have done little to dispel this impression. Rodger believes that historians have largely neglected English and American maritime history of the eighteenth and early...

  13. Reference Model for Control and Automation Systems in Electrical...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Model for Control and Automation Systems in Electrical Power (October 2005) Reference Model for Control and Automation Systems in Electrical Power (October 2005) Modern...

  14. Reference Model for Control and Automation Systems in Electrical...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Reference Model for Control and Automation Systems in Electrical Power Version 1.2 October 12, 2005 Prepared by: Sandia National Laboratories' Center for SCADA Security Jason...

  15. The Hydrogen Laboratory and The Brazilian Reference Center for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Laboratory & The Brazilian Reference Center for Hydrogen Energy December 09 th , 2009 Dr. Newton Pimenta Cristiano Pinto LH2 & CENEH The State University of Campinas UNICAMP...

  16. Polymorphic Typing of Variables and References GEOFFREY SMITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Geoffrey

    Polymorphic Typing of Variables and References GEOFFREY SMITH Florida International University reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. Authors' addresses: G. Smith, School of Computer

  17. Sandia National Laboratories: blade NDI reference sample library

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NDI reference sample library Sandia Participated in AMII to Support American-Made Wind-Turbine Blades On December 3, 2014, in Computational Modeling & Simulation, Energy, Materials...

  18. 2012 Annual Merit Review Results Report - Cross-Reference of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Review Results Report - Cross-reference of Project Investigators, Projects, and Organizations 2011 Annual Merit Review Results Report - Hybrid and Vehicle Systems Technologies...

  19. 2014 Annual Merit Review Results Report - Cross-reference of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2012 Annual Merit Review Results Report - Cross-Reference of Project Investigtors, Projects, and Organizations 2011 Annual Merit Review Results Report - Hybrid and Vehicle Systems...

  20. 2013 Annual Merit Review Results Report - Cross-Reference of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Review Results Report - Cross-reference of Project Investigators, Projects, and Organizations 2011 Annual Merit Review Results Report - Hybrid and Vehicle Systems Technologies...