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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

The land use climate change energy nexus  

SciTech Connect

Landscape ecology focuses on the spatial patterns and processes of ecological and human interactions. These patterns and processes are being altered both by changing human resource-management practices and changing climate conditions associated, in part, with increases in atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases. Dominant resource extraction and land management activities involve energy, and the use of fossil energy is one of the key drivers behind increasing greenhouse gas emissions as well as land-use changes. Alternative energy sources (such as wind, solar, nuclear, and bioenergy) are being explored to reduce greenhouse gas emission rates. Yet, energy production, including alternative-energy options, can have a wide range of effects on land productivity, surface cover, albedo, and other factors that affect carbon, water and energy fluxes and, in turn, climate. Meanwhile, climate influences the potential output, relative efficiencies and sustainability of alternative energy sources. Thus climate change, energy choices, and land-use change are linked, and any analysis in landscape ecology that considers one of these factors should consider them all. This analysis explores the implications of those linkages and points out ecological patterns and processes that may be affected by these interactions.

Dale, Virginia H [ORNL; Efroymson, Rebecca Ann [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Climate Change Mitigation Through Land-Use Measures in the Agriculture and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Change Mitigation Through Land-Use Measures in the Agriculture and Climate Change Mitigation Through Land-Use Measures in the Agriculture and Forestry Sectors Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate Change Mitigation Through Land-Use Measures in the Agriculture and Forestry Sectors Agency/Company /Organization: International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector: Energy, Land, Climate Focus Area: Forestry, Agriculture Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.iisd.org/pdf/2009/climate_change_mitigation_land_use.pdf References: Climate Change Mitigation Through Land-Use Measures in the Agriculture and Forestry Sectors[1] Overview "This paper reviews the status of the post-2012 negotiations on climate change mitigation through land-use measures in the agriculture and forestry

3

Biophysical Evaluation of Land-Cover Products for Land–Climate Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The need for accurate characterization of the land surface as boundary conditions in climate models has been recognized widely in the climate modeling community. A large number of land-cover datasets are currently used in climate models either to ...

Jianjun Ge; Nathan Torbick; Jiaguo Qi

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Modeled Impact of Anthropogenic Land Cover Change on Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Equilibrium experiments with the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory’s climate model are used to investigate the impact of anthropogenic land cover change on climate. Regions of altered land cover include large portions of Europe, India, ...

Kirsten L. Findell; Elena Shevliakova; P. C. D. Milly; Ronald J. Stouffer

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Climate Drift in a Coupled Land–Atmosphere Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled land–atmosphere climate model is examined for evidence of climate drift in the land surface state variable of soil moisture. The drift is characterized as pathological error growth in two different ways. First is the systematic error ...

Paul A. Dirmeyer

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Climate Impacts of Land-Cover and Land-Use Changes in Tropical Islands under Conditions of Global Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land-cover and land-use (LCLU) changes have significant climate impacts in tropical coastal regions with the added complexity of occurring within the context of a warming climate. The individual and combined effects of these two factors in ...

Daniel E. Comarazamy; Jorge E. González; Jeffrey C. Luvall; Douglas L. Rickman; Robert D. Bornstein

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Interactions Between Energy Security and Climate Change: A Focus on  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interactions Between Energy Security and Climate Change: A Focus on Interactions Between Energy Security and Climate Change: A Focus on Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Interactions Between Energy Security and Climate Change: A Focus on Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Morgan Bazilian, Benjamin F. Hobbs, Will Blyth, Iain MacGill, Mark Howells Partner: Energy Policy Sector: Energy, Climate Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Security Resource Type: Publications Website: www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6V2W-52SN633-5-1&_cd Cost: Free Interactions Between Energy Security and Climate Change: A Focus on Developing Countries Screenshot References: Interactions Between Energy Security and Climate Change: A Focus on Developing Countries[1]

8

Effect of anthropogenic land-use and land cover changes on climate and land carbon storage in CMIP5 projections for the 21st century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of land-use changes on climate are assessed using specified-concentration simulations complementary to the RCP2.6 and 8.5 scenarios performed for the fifth coupled model intercomparison project (CMIP5). This analysis focuses on ...

V. Brovkin; L. Boysen; V. K. Arora; J. P. Boisier; P. Cadule; L. Chini; M. Claussen; P. Friedlingstein; V. Gayler; B. J. J. M. van den Hurk; G. C. Hurtt; C. D. Jones; E. Kato; N. de Noblet-Ducoudré; F. Pacifico; J. Pongratz; M. Weiss

9

The Hydrologic Feedback Pathway for Land–Climate Coupling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of improvements in land surface initialization and specification of observed rainfall in global climate model simulations of boreal summer are examined to determine how the changes propagate around the hydrologic cycle in the coupled ...

Paul A. Dirmeyer

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Land use and climate change in Miami-Dade County  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Miami-Dade County, Florida, was one of the earliest jurisdictions to adopt a climate change plan in 1993. Land use features prominently in this plan as a means to reduce greenhouse gases through development patterns that ...

Peckett, Haley Rose

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

The primary control on ancient land plant diversity is climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reproductive strategy and competition have been proposed as determinants of ancient land plant diversity. However climate is the primary control on modern plant productivity and diversity and may be the primary control on ancient diversity. For Silurian through Mid-Carboniferous land plants, the most profound diversity collapse and the greatest diversity increase occurred during times of global climate change. In the middle to late Frasnian, land plant diversity fell precipitously and remained low through the middle Famennian. Global warming probably triggered this event. Climate models suggest global warming at the end of Frasnian; the cosmopolitan faunas and floras of the Famennian indicate a uniform global climate. The diverse floras of the late Givetian and early Frasnian show pronounced latitudinal differentiation which disappeared after the diversity collapse. The depauperate floras of the late Frasnian--middle Famennian fall into two or three biogeographic units, each of which spans a large paleolatitudinal range. Land plant diversity remained constant during the Early Carboniferous and rose dramatically at the Mid-Carboniferous boundary at the onset of, and perhaps in response to, Southern Hemisphere glaciation. Polar glaciation contributes to ever wet, ever warm tropical climate because polar high pressure zones confine the intertropical convergence zone to a narrow latitudinal belt near the equator. As land plant diversity rose, the paleoequatorial coal belt of the Late Carboniferous became established, suggesting a correlation between increases in land plant diversity and tropical precipitation.

Raymond, A. (Texas A M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Geology)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Reproducibility of Seasonal Land Surface Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the sensitivity of the continental seasonal climate to initial conditions is estimated from an ensemble of decadal simulations of an atmospheric general circulation model with the same specifications of radiative forcings and ...

Thomas J. Phillips

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Climate Change Mitigation Through Land-Use Measures in the Agriculture...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Change Mitigation Through Land-Use Measures in the Agriculture and Forestry Sectors Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Climate Change Mitigation Through...

14

Global Ice and Land Climate Studies Using Scatterometer Image Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in sea ice, and canopy leaf density--as well as by the phase state of water (meltwater on sea ice1 Global Ice and Land Climate Studies Using Scatterometer Image Data David G. Long Brigham Young CA 91109 ben@pacific.jpl.nasa.gov Sasan.Saatchi@jpl.nasa.gov Cheryl Bertoia U. S. National Ice Center

Long, David G.

15

The Land Surface Contribution to the Potential Predictability of Boreal Summer Season Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of the land surface in contributing to the potential predictability of the boreal summer climate is investigated with a coupled land–atmosphere climate model. Ensemble simulations for 1982–99 have been conducted with specified observed ...

Paul A. Dirmeyer

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Summer-Season Forecast Experiments with the NCEP Climate Forecast System Using Different Land Models and Different Initial Land States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To examine the impact from land model upgrades and different land initializations on the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP)’s Climate Forecast System (CFS), extensive T126 CFS experiments are carried out for 25 summers with 10 ...

Rongqian Yang; Kenneth Mitchell; Jesse Meng; Michael Ek

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

The Land Surface Climatology of the NCAR Land Surface Model Coupled to the NCAR Community Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Land Surface Model (LSM, version 1.0) provides a comprehensive treatment of land surface processes for the NCAR Community Climate Model version 3 (CCM3). It replaces the prescribed surface ...

Gordon B. Bonan

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

The Land Surface Analysis in the NCEP Climate Forecast System Reanalysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The NCEP Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) uses the NASA Land Information System (LIS) to create its land surface analysis: the NCEP Global Land Data Assimilation System (GLDAS). Comparing to the previous two generations of NCEP global ...

Jesse Meng; Rongqian Yang; Helin Wei; Michael Ek; George Gayno; Pingping Xie; Kenneth Mitchell

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Mesoscale Simulations of the Land Surface Effects of Historical Logging in a Moist Continental Climate Regime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An enhanced knowledge of the feedbacks from land surface changes on regional climates is of great importance in the attribution of climate change. To explore the effects of deforestation on a midlatitude climate regime, two sets of two five-...

Nicholas P. Klingaman; Jason Butke; Daniel J. Leathers; Kevin R. Brinson; Elsa Nickl

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Determining Robust Impacts of Land-Use-Induced Land Cover Changes on Surface Climate over North America and Eurasia: Results from the First Set of LUCID Experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The project Land-Use and Climate, Identification of Robust Impacts (LUCID) was conceived to address the robustness of biogeophysical impacts of historical land use–land cover change (LULCC). LUCID used seven atmosphere–land models with a common ...

Nathalie de Noblet-Ducoudré; Juan-Pablo Boisier; Andy Pitman; G. B. Bonan; V. Brovkin; Faye Cruz; C. Delire; V. Gayler; B. J. J. M. van den Hurk; P. J. Lawrence; M. K. van der Molen; C. Müller; C. H. Reick; B. J. Strengers; A. Voldoire

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The Community Land Model and Its Climate Statistics as a Component of the Community Climate System Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several multidecadal simulations have been carried out with the new version of the Community Climate System Model (CCSM). This paper reports an analysis of the land component of these simulations. Global annual averages over land appear to be ...

Robert E. Dickinson; Keith W. Oleson; Gordon Bonan; Forrest Hoffman; Peter Thornton; Mariana Vertenstein; Zong-Liang Yang; Xubin Zeng

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Impacts of Land-Use and Biofuels Policy on Climate: Temperature and Localized Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impacts of Land-Use and Biofuels Policy on Climate: Temperature and Localized Impacts Willow on recycled paper #12;1 Impacts of Land-Use and Biofuels Policy on Climate: Temperature and Localized Impacts to agricultural production, including growing biofuels, and (ii) Observed Land Supply Response (OLSR

23

Evaluation of Snow Albedo in Land Models for Weather and Climate Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Snow albedo plays an important role in land models for weather, climate, and hydrometeorological studies, but its treatment in various land models still contains significant deficiencies. Complementary to previous studies that evaluated the snow ...

Zhuo Wang; Xubin Zeng

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Impacts of Land Use and Biofuels Policy on Climate: Temperature and Localized Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impact on climate of future land use and energy policy scenarios is explored using two landuse frameworks: (i) Pure Cost Conversion Response (PCCR), or 'extensification', where the price of land is the only constraint ...

Hallgren, Willow

2012-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

25

THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND BIOFUEL PRODUCTION ON AGRICULTURAL LAND USE AND BIOMASS PRODUCTION.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This project examines the influence that climate change and biofuel production could have on agricultural land use decisions in Pennsylvania. The first chapter develops a… (more)

Yenerall, Jacqueline

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Global Vegetation and Land Use: New High-Resolution Data Bases for Climate Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global vegetation and land-use data bases (1° latitude by 1° longitude resolution), designed for use in studies of climate and climate change, were compiled in digital form drawing upon approximately 100 published sources complemented by a large ...

Elaine Matthews

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Greenhouse Gas Policy Influences Climate via Direct Effects of Land-Use Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Proposed climate mitigation measures do not account for direct biophysical climate impacts of land-use change (LUC), nor do the stabilization targets modeled for phase 5 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) representative ...

Andrew D. Jones; William D. Collins; James Edmonds; Margaret S. Torn; Anthony Janetos; Katherine V. Calvin; Allison Thomson; Louise P. Chini; Jiafu Mao; Xiaoying Shi; Peter Thornton; George C. Hurtt; Marshall Wise

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Model Estimates of Land-Driven Predictability in a Changing Climate from CCSM4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The climate system model of the National Center for Atmospheric Research is used to examine the predictability arising from the land surface initialization of seasonal climate ensemble forecasts in current, preindustrial, and projected future ...

Paul A. Dirmeyer; Sanjiv Kumar; Michael J. Fennessy; Eric L. Altshuler; Timothy DelSole; Zhichang Guo; Benjamin A. Cash; David Straus

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

The CCSM4 Land Simulation, 1850–2005: Assessment of Surface Climate and New Capabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews developments for the Community Land Model, version 4 (CLM4), examines the land surface climate simulation of the Community Climate System Model, version 4 (CCSM4) compared to CCSM3, and assesses new earth system features of CLM4 ...

David M. Lawrence; Keith W. Oleson; Mark G. Flanner; Christopher G. Fletcher; Peter J. Lawrence; Samuel Levis; Sean C. Swenson; Gordon B. Bonan

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Interactions Between Energy Security and Climate Change: A Focus...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Morgan Bazilian, Benjamin F. Hobbs, Will Blyth, Iain MacGill, Mark Howells Partner: Energy Policy Sector: Energy, Climate Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Security...

31

A Global Climate Model (GENESIS) with a Land-Surface Transfer Scheme (LSX). Part I: Present Climate Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present-day climatology of a global climate model (GENESIS Version 1.02) is described. The model includes a land-surface transfer component (LSX) that accounts for the physical effects of vegetation. The atmospheric general circulation model ...

Starley L. Thompson; David Pollard

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

How Much Do Different Land Models Matter for Climate Simulation? Part II: A Decomposed View of the Land–Atmosphere Coupling Strength  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Global Land–Atmosphere Coupling Experiment (GLACE) built a framework to estimate the strength of the land–atmosphere interaction across many weather and climate models. Within this framework, GLACE-type experiments are performed with a single ...

Jiangfeng Wei; Paul A. Dirmeyer; Zhichang Guo

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

The Role of the Land Surface Background State in Climate Predictability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Skill in ensemble-mean dynamical seasonal climate hindcasts with a coupled land–atmosphere model and specified observed sea surface temperature is compared to that for long multidecade integrations of the same model where the initial conditions ...

Paul A. Dirmeyer

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Sensitivity of Global Tropical Climate to Land Surface Processes: Mean State and Interannual Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the sensitivity of the global climate to land surface processes (LSP) using an atmospheric general circulation model both uncoupled (with prescribed SSTs) and coupled to an oceanic general circulation model. The emphasis is on ...

Hsi-Yen Ma; Heng Xiao; C. Roberto Mechoso; Yongkang Xue

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Sensitivity of a GCM Simulation of Global Climate to the Representation of Land-Surface Hydrology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sensitivity of global climate to the characterization of the land-surface hydrology is investigated using the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory GCM at R15 resolution with the standard Budyko bucket and the Variable Infiltration Capacity (...

John F. Stamm; Eric F. Wood; Dennis P. Lettenmaier

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Coupling of the Common Land Model to the NCAR Community Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Common Land Model (CLM), which results from a 3-yr joint effort among seven land modeling groups, has been coupled with the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Climate Model (CCM3). Two 15-yr simulations of CCM3 coupled ...

Xubin Zeng; Muhammad Shaikh; Yongjiu Dai; Robert E. Dickinson; Ranga Myneni

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Regional Climate Change in Tropical and Northern Africa due to Greenhouse Forcing and Land Use Changes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Human activity is supposed to affect the earth’s climate mainly via two processes: the emission of greenhouse gases and aerosols and the alteration of land cover. While the former process is well established in state-of-the-art climate model ...

Heiko Paeth; Kai Born; Robin Girmes; Ralf Podzun; Daniela Jacob

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Relating United States Crop Land Use to Natural Resources and Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crop production depends not only on the yield but also on the area harvested. The yield response to climate change has been widely examined, but the sensitivity of crop land use to hypothetical climate change has not been examined directly. Crop ...

K. G. Hubbard; F. J. Flores-mendoza

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Integrated assessment and the relation between land-use change and climate change  

SciTech Connect

Integrated assessment is an approach that is useful in evaluating the consequences of global climate change. Understanding the consequences requires knowledge of the relationship between land-use change and climate change. Methodologies for assessing the contribution of land-use change to atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations are considered with reference to a particular case study area: south and southeast Asia. The use of models to evaluate the consequences of climate change on forests must also consider an assessment approach. Each of these points is discussed in the following four sections.

Dale, V.H.

1994-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

40

Effect of Anthropogenic Land-Use and Land-Cover Changes on Climate and Land Carbon Storage in CMIP5 Projections for the Twenty-First Century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of land-use changes on climate are assessed using specified-concentration simulations complementary to the representative concentration pathway 2.6 (RCP2.6) and RCP8.5 scenarios performed for phase 5 of the Coupled Model ...

V. Brovkin; L. Boysen; V. K. Arora; J. P. Boisier; P. Cadule; L. Chini; M. Claussen; P. Friedlingstein; V. Gayler; B. J. J. M. van den Hurk; G. C. Hurtt; C. D. Jones; E. Kato; N. de Noblet-Ducoudré; F. Pacifico; J. Pongratz; M. Weiss

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The effect of land surface changes on Eemian climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

surface albedo, an increase of the amount of absorbed solar radiation and thereby ... more comprehensive representation of weather and climate than given by ...

42

The Land Surface Scheme ISBA within the Météo-France Climate Model ARPEGE. Part I. Implementation and Preliminary Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes recent developments in climate modeling at Météo-France related to land surface processes. The implementation of a simple land surface parameterization, Interactions between Soil Biosphere Atmosphere (ISBA), has gained from ...

J-F. Mahfouf; A. O. Manzi; J. Noilhan; H. Giordani; M. DéQué

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Modeling the Summertime Climate of Southwest Asia: The Role of Land Surface Processes in Shaping the Climate of Semiarid Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presented is a study on the role of land surface processes in determining the summertime climate over the semiarid region of southwest Asia. In this region, a warm surface air temperature bias of 3.5°C is simulated in the summer by using the ...

Marc P. Marcella; Elfatih A. B. Eltahir

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Modeling the Summertime Climate of Southwest Asia: The Role of Land Surface Processes in Shaping the Climate of Semiarid Regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Presented is a study on the role of land surface processes in determining the summertime climate over the semiarid region of southwest Asia. In this region, a warm surface air temperature bias of 3.5°C is simulated in the ...

Marcella, Marc P.

45

A Coupled Biosphere–Atmosphere Climate Model Suitable for Studies of Climatic Change Due to Land Surface Alterations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A biosphere model based on BATS (Biosphere–Atmosphere Transfer Scheme) is coupled to a primitive equation global statistical–dynamical model in order to study the climatic impact due to land surface alterations. The fraction of the earth’s ...

Mário Adelmo Varejão-Silva; Sergio H. Franchito; Vadlamudi Brahmananda Rao

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Gabon-World Bank Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gabon-World Bank Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Gabon-World Bank Climate Activities AgencyCompany Organization World Bank Sector Land Focus Area Forestry...

47

Scaling Water and Energy Fluxes in Climate Systems: Three Land-Atmospheric Modeling Experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of small-scale heterogeneity in land-surface characteristics on the large-scale fluxes of water and energy in the land-atmosphere system have become a central focus of many of the climatology research experiments. The acquisition of ...

Eric F. Wood; Venkataraman Lakshmi

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Modeling the Miocene Climatic Optimum. Part I: Land and Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents results from the Community Climate System Model 3 (CCSM3) forced with early to middle Miocene (~20–14 Ma) vegetation, topography, bathymetry, and modern CO2. A decrease in the meridional temperature gradient of 6.5°C and an ...

N. Herold; M. Huber; R. D. Müller

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Relating United States crop land use to natural resources and climate change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crop production depends not only on the yield but also on the area harvested. The yield response to climate change has been widely examined, but the sensitivity of crop land use to hypothetical climate change has not been examined directly. Crop land-use regression models for estimating crop area indices (CAIs)-the percent of land used for corn, soybean, wheat, and sorghum production-are presented. Inputs to the models include available water-holding capacity of the soil, percent of land available for rain-fed agricultural production, annual precipitation, and annual temperature. The total variance of CAI explained by the models ranged from 78% from wheat to 87% for sorghum, and the root-mean-square errors ranged from 1.74% for sorghum to 4.24% for corn. The introduction of additional climatic variables to the models did not significantly improve their performance. The crop land-use models were used to predict the CAI for every crop reporting district in the United States for the current climatic condition and for possible future climate change scenarios (various combinations of temperature and precipitation changes over a range of -3{degrees} to +6{degrees}C and -20% to +20% respectively). The magnitude of climatic warming suggested by GCMs (GISS and GFDL) is from 3.5{degrees} to 5.9{degrees}C for regions of the United States. For this magnitude of warming, the model suggests corn and soybean production areas may decline while wheat and sorghum production areas may expand. If the warming is accompanied by a decrease in annual precipitation from 1% to 10%, then the areas used for corn and soybean production could decrease by as much as 20% and 40%, respectively. The area for sorghum and wheat under these conditions would increase by as much as 80% and 70%, respectively; the exact amount depending strongly on the change in precipitation. 15 refs., 6 figs.

Flores-Mendoza, F.J.; Hubbard, K.G. [Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Diagnosing Land–Atmosphere Interaction from a Regional Climate Model Simulation over West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land–atmosphere interaction at climatological time scales in a large area that includes the West African Sahel has been explicitly explored in a regional climate model (RegCM) simulation using a range of diagnostics. First, areas and seasons of ...

Bart J. J. M. van den Hurk; Erik van Meijgaard

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

On the connection between continental-scale land surface processes and the tropical climate in a coupled ocean-atmosphere-land system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An evaluation is presented of the impact on tropical climate of continental-scale perturbations given by different representations of land surface processes (LSP) in a general circulation model that includes atmosphere-ocean interactions. One ...

Hsi-Yen Ma; C. Roberto Mechoso; Yongkang Xue; Heng Xiao; J. David Neelin; Xuan Ji

52

Impacts of Post-Dam Land-use/Land-Cover Changes on Modification of Extreme Precipitation in Contrasting Hydro-climate and Terrain Features  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding the impact of post-dam climate feedbacks, due to land-use/land-cover (LULC)variability, on modification of extreme precipitation (EP) remains a challenge for a 21st century approach to dam design and operation. In this study, we used ...

Abel T. Woldemichael; Faisal Hossain; Roger Pielke Sr.

53

Bringing Clouds into Focus: A New Global Climate Model May Reduce the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bringing Clouds into Bringing Clouds into Focus Bringing Clouds into Focus A New Global Climate Model May Reduce the Uncertainty of Climate Forecasting May 11, 2010 | Tags: Lattice QCD Contact: John Hules, JAHules@lbl.gov , +1 510 486 6008 Randall-fig4.png The large data sets generated by the GCRM require new analysis and visualization capabilities. This 3D plot of vorticity isosurfaces was developed using VisIt, a 3D visualization tool with a parallel distributed architecture, which is being extended to support the geodesic grid used by the GCRM. (Image Courtesy of the NERSC Analytics Team) Clouds exert two competing effects on the Earth's temperature: they cool the planet by reflecting solar radiation back to space, but they also warm the planet by trapping heat near the surface. These two effects coexist in

54

A Simple Coupled Atmosphere–Ocean–Sea Ice–Land Surface Model for Climate and Paleoclimate Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors develop a coupled atmosphere–ocean–sea ice–land surface model for long-term climate change studies that incorporates the seasonal cycle. Three ocean basins, the Antarctic Circumpolar Current region, and the major continents are ...

Zhaomin Wang; Lawrence A. Mysak

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Focused  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

milling: milling: Depth control for three-dimensional microfabrication M. J. Vasile, a) Z. Niu, R. Nassar, W. Zhang, and S. Liu Institute for Micromanufacturing, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, Louisiana 71272 ͑Received 29 May 1997; accepted 28 July 1997͒ Ion milling with a focused ion beam ͑FIB͒ is a potential method for making micromolds, which will then be the primary elements in the mass production of micro- or mini-objects by embossing or injection molding. The challenge lies in controlling the ion milling to produce cavities with predefined, arbitrary geometric cross-sections. This work involves programming variations as a function of position into the algorithm that generates the dwell times in the pixel address scheme of a FIB. These variations are done according to whether an axis of symmetry or a plane of symmetry determines the final geometry, and the result is 26 new

56

Expanding the Role of "Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry" Projects and the Carbon Market in Addressing Global Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While the Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) sector is highly significant in any consideration of global climate change, the fact remains that the scale of LULUCF market activity currently is very small, particularly compared with its overall potential for carbon sequestration and importance as both a source and sink of carbon emissions. The underlying problem seems to be finding a workable policy framework. A flexible market-based policy at both international and domestic levels will score ...

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

57

Focused  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

milling milling of diamond: Effects of H 2 O on yield, surface morphology and microstructure D. P. Adams, a) M. J. Vasile, T. M. Mayer, and V. C. Hodges Thin Film, Vacuum and Packaging Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 ͑Received 1 July 2003; accepted 22 August 2003; published 24 November 2003͒ The effects of H 2 O vapor introduced during focused ion beam ͑FIB͒ milling of diamond͑100͒ are examined. In particular, we determine the yield, surface morphology, and microstructural damage that results from FIB sputtering and H 2 O-assisted FIB milling processes. Experiments involving 20 keV Ga ϩ bombardment to doses ϳ10 18 ions/cm 2 are conducted at a number of fixed ion incidence angles, ␪. For each ␪ selected, H 2 O-assisted ion milling shows an increased material removal rate compared with FIB sputtering ͑no gas assist͒. The amount by which the

58

Climatic impacts of land-use change due to crop yield increases and a universal carbon tax from a scenario model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future land cover will have a significant impact on climate and is strongly influenced by the extent of agricultural land-use. Differing assumptions of crop yield increase and carbon pricing mitigation strategies affect projected expansion of ...

T. Davies-Barnard; P. J. Valdes; J. S. Singarayer; C. D. Jones

59

Climate and Energy-Water-Land System Interactions Technical Report to the U.S. Department of Energy in Support of the National Climate Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides a framework to characterize and understand the important elements of climate and energy-water-land (EWL) system interactions. It identifies many of the important issues, discusses our understanding of those issues, and presents a long-term research program research needs to address the priority scientific challenges and gaps in our understanding. Much of the discussion is organized around two discrete case studies with the broad themes of (1) extreme events and (2) regional intercomparisons. These case studies help demonstrate unique ways in which energy-water-land interactions can occur and be influenced by climate.

Skaggs, Richard; Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Frumhoff, Peter; Lowry, Thomas; Middleton, Richard; Pate, Ron; Tidwell, Vincent C.; Arnold, J. G.; Averyt, Kristen; Janetos, Anthony C.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Rice, Jennie S.; Rose, Steven K.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Making Development Climate Resilient: A World Bank Strategy for...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A World Bank Strategy for Sub-Saharan Africa AgencyCompany Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy, Land, Climate Focus Area: Economic Development Topics:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Simulating the Biogeochemical and Biogeophysical Impacts of Transient Land Cover Change and Wood Harvest in the Community Climate System Model (CCSM4) from 1850 to 2100  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To assess the climate impacts of historical and projected land cover change in the Community Climate System Model, version 4 (CCSM4), new time series of transient Community Land Model, version 4 (CLM4) plant functional type (PFT) and wood harvest ...

Peter J. Lawrence; Johannes J. Feddema; Gordon B. Bonan; Gerald A. Meehl; Brian C. O’Neill; Keith W. Oleson; Samuel Levis; David M. Lawrence; Erik Kluzek; Keith Lindsay; Peter E. Thornton

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Assessment of the Regional Climate Model Version 3 over the Maritime Continent Using Different Cumulus Parameterization and Land Surface Schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an assessment of the Regional Climate Model, version 3 (RegCM3), coupled to two land surface schemes: the Biosphere–Atmosphere Transfer System, version 1e (BATS1e), and the Integrated Biosphere Simulator (IBIS). The model’s ...

Rebecca L. Gianotti; Dongfeng Zhang; Elfatih A. B. Eltahir

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

The impact of climate, CO2, nitrogen deposition and land use change on simulated contemporary global river flow  

SciTech Connect

We investigated how climate, rising atmospheric CO2 concentration, increasing anthropogenic nitrogen deposition and land use change influenced continental river flow over the period 1948-2004 using the Community Land Model version 4 (CLM4) with coupled river transfer model (RTM), a global river routing scheme. The model results indicate that the global mean river flow shows significant decreasing trend and climate forcing likely functions as the dominant controller of the downward trend during the study period. Nitrogen deposition and land use change account for about 5% and 2.5% of the decrease in simulated global scale river flow, respectively, while atmospheric CO2 accounts for an upward trend. However, the relative role of each driving factor is heterogeneous across regions in our simulations. The trend in river flow for the Amazon River basin is primarily explained by CO2, while land use change accounts for 27.4% of the downward trend in river flow for the Yangtze rive basin. Our simulations suggest that to better understand the trends of river flow, it is not only necessary to take into account the climate, but also to consider atmospheric composition, carbon-nitrogen interaction and land use change, particularly for regional scales.

Shi, Xiaoying [ORNL; Mao, Jiafu [ORNL; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Hoffman, Forrest M [ORNL; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

GLACE: The Global Land–Atmosphere Coupling Experiment. Part I: Overview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Global Land–Atmosphere Coupling Experiment (GLACE) is a model intercomparison study focusing on a typically neglected yet critical element of numerical weather and climate modeling: land–atmosphere coupling strength, or the degree to which ...

Randal D. Koster; Y. C. Sud; Zhichang Guo; Paul A. Dirmeyer; Gordon Bonan; Keith W. Oleson; Edmond Chan; Diana Verseghy; Peter Cox; Harvey Davies; Eva Kowalczyk; C. T. Gordon; Shinjiro Kanae; David Lawrence; Ping Liu; David Mocko; Cheng-Hsuan Lu; Ken Mitchell; Sergey Malyshev; Bryant McAvaney; Taikan Oki; Tomohito Yamada; Andrew Pitman; Christopher M. Taylor; Ratko Vasic; Yongkang Xue

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

On Climate Impacts of a Potential Expansion of Urban Land in Europe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the last two decades, a disproportional increase of urban land area in comparison with the population growth has been observed in many countries of Europe, and this trend is predicted to continue. The conversion of vegetated land into urban ...

K. Trusilova; M. Jung; G. Churkina

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

A Global Land System Framework for Integrated Climate-Change Assessments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Land ecosystems play a major role in the global cycles of energy, water, carbon and nutrients. A Global Land System (GLS) framework has been developed for the Integrated Global Systems Model Version 2 (IGSM2) to simulate ...

Schlosser, C. Adam

67

Investigation of the Sensitivity of Water Cycle Components Simulated by the Canadian Regional Climate Model to the Land Surface Parameterization, the Lateral Boundary Data, and the Internal Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the sensitivity of components of the hydrological cycle simulated by the Canadian Regional Climate Model (CRCM) to lateral boundary forcing, the complexity of the land surface scheme (LSS), and the internal variability ...

Biljana Music; Daniel Caya

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Summer Land–Atmosphere Coupling Strength over the United States: Results from the Regional Climate Model RegCM4–CLM3.5  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the land–atmosphere coupling strength during summer over the United States using the Regional Climate Model version 4 (RegCM4)–Community Land Model version 3.5 (CLM3.5). First, a 10-yr simulation driven with reanalysis ...

Rui Mei; Guiling Wang; Huanghe Gu

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

The Need for a Biotechnology Revolution Focused on Energy and Climate Change  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper utilizes the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory?s Integrated Assessment modeling tools to draw out concepts that should be considered when examining purpose-grown biomass as a low-emissions energy source and/or as a key technology for addressing climate change. The paper concludes that using biomass as a significant element of our future energy system will be an enormous undertaking that will transform the global energy and agricultural system. Further, large-scale biomass energy requires substantial advances in the basic science of plant design, an integrated approach to basic and applied research, concurrent consideration of ethical and economic issues, effective planning for market transition, and reliable monitoring systems. Biomass energy is a straightforward concept but a complex endeavor necessitating a coordinated, programmatic effort.

Dooley, James J.

2001-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

70

How Much Do Different Land Models Matter for Climate Simulation? Part I: Climatology and Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) is coupled to three different land surface schemes (LSSs), both individually and in combination (i.e., the LSSs receive the same AGCM forcing each time step and the averaged upward surface fluxes ...

Jiangfeng Wei; Paul A. Dirmeyer; Zhichang Guo; Li Zhang; Vasubandhu Misra

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Monthly Mean Diurnal Cycles in Surface Temperatures over Land for Global Climate Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monthly mean diurnal cycles (MDCs) of surface temperatures over land, represented in 3-h universal time intervals, have been analyzed. Satellite near-global data from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) with a (280 km)2 ...

Alexander Ignatov; Garik Gutman

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Effects of Land Surface–Vegetation on the Boreal Summer Surface Climate of a GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A land surface model (LSM) has been included in the ECMWF Hamburg version 4 (ECHAM4) atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM). The LSM is an early version of the Organizing Carbon and Hydrology in Dynamic Ecosystems (ORCHIDEE) and it replaces ...

Andrea Alessandri; Silvio Gualdi; Jan Polcher; Antonio Navarra

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Modeling the Impact of Land Surface Degradation on the Climate of Tropical North Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Degradation of the land surface has been suggested as a cause of persistent drought in tropical north Africa. A general circulation model is used to assess the impact of degradation of five regions within tropical north Africa. Idealized ...

Douglas B. Clark; Yongkang Xue; Richard J. Harding; Paul J. Valdes

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Regional Impacts of Future Land-Cover Changes on the Amazon Basin Wet-Season Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State-of-the-art socioeconomic scenarios of land-cover change in the Amazon basin for the years 2030 and 2050 are used together with the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) to simulate the hydrometeorological changes caused by ...

Renato Ramos da Silva; David Werth; Roni Avissar

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Climate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate simulation map Climate Global climate change processes and impacts research in EETD is aimed at understanding the factors-and the feedbacks among these factors-driving...

76

Evidence for Enhanced Land–Atmosphere Feedback in a Warming Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global simulations have been conducted with the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts operational model run at T1279 resolution for multiple decades representing climate from the late twentieth and late twenty-first centuries. Changes ...

Paul A. Dirmeyer; Benjamin A. Cash; James L. Kinter III; Cristiana Stan; Thomas Jung; Lawrence Marx; Peter Towers; Nils Wedi; Jennifer M. Adams; Eric L. Altshuler; Bohua Huang; Emilia K. Jin; Julia Manganello

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

A Local Forecast of Land Surface Wetness Conditions Derived from Seasonal Climate Predictions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ensemble local hydrologic forecast derived from the seasonal forecasts of the International Research Institute for Climate Prediction (IRI) is presented. Three-month seasonal forecasts were used to resample historical meteorological conditions ...

Jeffrey Shaman; Marc Stieglitz; Stephen Zebiak; Mark Cane

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

The Influence of Land Use Change on Climate in the Sahel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of general circulation model (GCM) experiments have shown that changes in vegetation in the Sahel can cause substantial reductions in rainfall. In some studies, the climate sensitivity is large enough to trigger drought of the severity ...

Christopher M. Taylor; Eric F. Lambin; Nathalie Stephenne; Richard J. Harding; Richard L. H. Essery

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Global Data on Land Surface Parameters from NOAA AVHRR for Use in Numerical Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews satellite datasets from the NOAA Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer that could be employed in support of numerical climate modeling at regional and global scales. Presently available NOAA operational and research datasets ...

G. Garik Gutman

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

A Global Database of Land Surface Parameters at 1-km Resolution in Meteorological and Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ecoclimap, a new complete surface parameter global dataset at a 1-km resolution, is presented. It is intended to be used to initialize the soil–vegetation–atmosphere transfer schemes (SVATs) in meteorological and climate models (at all horizontal ...

Valéry Masson; Jean-Louis Champeaux; Fabrice Chauvin; Christelle Meriguet; Roselyne Lacaze

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Modeling land surface processes of the midwestern United States : predicting soil moisture under a warmer climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation seeks to quantify the response of soil moisture to climate change in the midwestern United States. To assess this response, a dynamic global vegetation model, Integrated Biosphere Simulator, was coupled ...

Winter, Jonathan (Jonathan Mark)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Habitable Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to the standard liquid-water definition, the Earth is only partially habitable. We reconsider planetary habitability in the framework of energy-balance models, the simplest seasonal models in physical climatology, to assess the spatial and temporal habitability of Earth-like planets. We quantify the degree of climatic habitability of our models with several metrics of fractional habitability. Previous evaluations of habitable zones may have omitted important climatic conditions by focusing on close Solar System analogies. For example, we find that model pseudo-Earths with different rotation rates or different land-ocean fractions have fractional habitabilities that differ significantly from that of the Earth itself. Furthermore, the stability of a planet's climate against albedo-feedback snowball events strongly impacts its habitability. Therefore, issues of climate dynamics may be central in assessing the habitability of discovered terrestrial exoplanets, especially if astronomical forcing conditions are different from the moderate Solar System cases.

David S. Spiegel; Kristen Menou; Caleb A. Scharf

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

83

The Influence of Land Surface Properties on Sahel Climate. Part II. Afforestation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical experiment was performed to explore the nature of and mechanisms for the effect of large-scale afforestation in the sub-Saharan area on the climate. This sensitivity study, which consists of several short-term integrations of a ...

Yongkang Xue; Jagadish Shukla

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Ecosystem feedbacks to climate change in California: Development, testing, and analysis using a coupled regional atmosphere and land-surface model (WRF3-CLM3.5)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional atmosphere model [Weather Research and Forecasting model version 3 (WRF3)] and a land surface model [Community Land Model, version 3.5 (CLM3.5)] were coupled to study the interactions between the atmosphere and possible future California land-cover changes. The impact was evaluated on California's climate of changes in natural vegetation under climate change and of intentional afforestation. The ability of WRF3 to simulate California's climate was assessed by comparing simulations by WRF3-CLM3.5 and WRF3-Noah to observations from 1982 to 1991. Using WRF3-CLM3.5, the authors performed six 13-yr experiments using historical and future large-scale climate boundary conditions from the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory Climate Model version 2.1 (GFDL CM2.1). The land-cover scenarios included historical and future natural vegetation from the Mapped Atmosphere-Plant-Soil System-Century 1 (MC1) dynamic vegetation model, in addition to a future 8-million-ha California afforestation scenario. Natural vegetation changes alone caused summer daily-mean 2-m air temperature changes of -0.7 to +1 C in regions without persistent snow cover, depending on the location and the type of vegetation change. Vegetation temperature changes were much larger than the 2-m air temperature changes because of the finescale spatial heterogeneity of the imposed vegetation change. Up to 30% of the magnitude of the summer daily-mean 2-m air temperature increase and 70% of the magnitude of the 1600 local time (LT) vegetation temperature increase projected under future climate change were attributable to the climate-driven shift in land cover. The authors projected that afforestation could cause local 0.2-1.2 C reductions in summer daily-mean 2-m air temperature and 2.0-3.7 C reductions in 1600 LT vegetation temperature for snow-free regions, primarily because of increased evapotranspiration. Because some of these temperature changes are of comparable magnitude to those projected under climate change this century, projections of climate and vegetation change in this region need to consider these climate-vegetation interactions.

Subin, Z.M.; Riley, W.J.; Kueppers, L.M.; Jin, J.; Christianson, D.S.; Torn, M.S.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Land–Ocean Warming Contrast over a Wide Range of Climates: Convective Quasi-Equilibrium Theory and Idealized Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface temperatures increase at a greater rate over land than ocean in simulations and observations of global warming. It has previously been proposed that this land–ocean warming contrast is related to different changes in lapse rates over land ...

Michael P. Byrne; Paul A. O’Gorman

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Interactions in the Southeastern Pacific: The VOCALS Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present paper describes the VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study (VOCALS), an international research program focused on the improved understanding and modeling of the southeastern Pacific (SEP) climate system on diurnal to interannual timescales. ...

C. R. Mechoso; R. Wood; R. Weller; C. S. Bretherton; A. D. Clarke; H. Coe; C. Fairall; J. T. Farrar; G. Feingold; R. Garreaud; C. Grados; J. McWilliams; S. P. de Szoeke; S. E. Yuter; P. Zuidema

87

Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA), Government of Pakistan Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics Adaptation, Finance, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni

88

Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate Compatibility Considerations into Reconstruction and Village Development Planning Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA), Government of Pakistan Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics Adaptation, Finance, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni

89

Antigua and Barbuda-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Antigua and Barbuda-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Antigua and Barbuda-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name Antigua and Barbuda-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Economic Development, Food Supply, Forestry, Water Conservation Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, - Health, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis

90

Mexico's Special Program on Climate Change | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico's Special Program on Climate Change Mexico's Special Program on Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Mexico's Special Program on Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: Government of Mexico, ClimateWorks, Project Catalyst, McKinsey and Company Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Transportation, Forestry, Agriculture Topics: Low emission development planning, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications, Case studies/examples Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/INTLAC/Resources/MEDEC_ExecutiveSummary_En Country: Mexico Central America References: Mexico's Special Program on Climate Change[1] Mexico's Special Program on Climate Change (Spanish) Annexes (Spanish) Excecutive Summary of Mexico's Special Program on Climate Change Goals and targets of the program

91

Trends in Land Evapotranspiration over Canada for the Period 1960–2000 Based on In Situ Climate Observations and a Land Surface Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An assessment of annual trends in actual evapotranspiration (AET) and associated meteorological inputs is performed at 101 locations across Canada with available long-term hourly surface climate observations to determine if AET in Canada is ...

Richard Fernandes; Vladimir Korolevych; Shusen Wang

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Guatemala-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USAID Climate Activities USAID Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Guatemala USAID Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Guatemala Central America References Guatemala[1] "USAID is succeeding in preserving the environmentally significant lands of Guatemala primarily through protected area management, training and technical assistance, and vulnerability reduction and adaptation. Simultaneously, these efforts have addressed the issue of climate change by preserving carbon stocks and building the capacity of the Guatemalans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions." References ↑ "Guatemala"

93

Open Platform of Climate-Smart Planning Instruments | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Climate-Smart Planning Instruments of Climate-Smart Planning Instruments Jump to: navigation, search Name Open Platform of Climate-Smart Planning Instruments Agency/Company /Organization World Bank, Korean Trust Fund Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Food Supply, Forestry, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Transportation, Water Conservation Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations

94

Bolivia-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bolivia-USAID Climate Activities Bolivia-USAID Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Bolivia-USAID Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Land Focus Area Industry Topics Market analysis, Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Bolivia South America References Bolivia[1] "USAID's climate change activities in Bolivia promote sustainable land use and forestry management practices, improve the management of parks and protected areas, and support redesign of industrial production processes to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Local capacity building, training, and public-private partnerships that promote environmental and resource protection are important strategies in these endeavors."

95

Indonesia and Climate Change: Current Status and Policies | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Climate Change: Current Status and Policies and Climate Change: Current Status and Policies Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia and Climate Change: Current Status and Policies Agency/Company /Organization World Bank, Department for International Development Indonesia Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://siteresources.worldbank Country Indonesia South-Eastern Asia References Indonesia and Climate Change: Current Status and Policies[1] Background References ↑ "Indonesia and Climate Change: Current Status and Policies" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Indonesia_and_Climate_Change:_Current_Status_and_Policies&oldid=328842

96

Forests and Climate Change Toolbox | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forests and Climate Change Toolbox Forests and Climate Change Toolbox Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Forests and Climate Change Toolbox Agency/Company /Organization: Center for International Forestry Research Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Presentation, Publications Website: www.cifor.cgiar.org/fctoolbox/ Forests and Climate Change Toolbox Screenshot References: CIFOR Toolbox[1] Summary "This Forests and Climate Change Toolbox has been developed to build understanding and technical proficiency on issues of climate change and forests including mitigation, adaptation, carbon accounting and markets, and biofuels." References ↑ "CIFOR Toolbox" Retrieved from

97

A Global Climate Model (GENESIS) with a Land-Surface Transfer Scheme (LSX). Part II: CO2 Sensitivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sensitivity of the equilibrium climate to doubled atmospheric CO2 is investigated using the GENESIS global climate model version 1.02. The atmospheric general circulation model is a heavily modified version of the NCAR CCM1 and is coupled to ...

Starley L. Thompson; David Pollard

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Sensitivity of Climate Simulations to Land-Surface and Atmospheric Boundary-Layer Treatments-A Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aspects of the land-surface and boundary-layer treatments in some 20 or so atmospheric general circulation models (GCMS) are summarized. In only a small fraction of these have significant sensitivity studies been carried out and published. ...

J. R. Garratt

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Impacts of Climate Change and the End of Deforestation on Land Use in the Brazilian Legal Amazon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Climate change scenarios vary considerably over the Amazon region, with an extreme scenario projecting a dangerous (from the human perspective) increase of 3.8°C in temperature and 30% reduction in precipitation by 2050. The impacts of such ...

David Montenegro Lapola; Ruediger Schaldach; Joseph Alcamo; Alberte Bondeau; Siwa Msangi; Joerg A. Priess; Rafaella Silvestrini; Britaldo Silveira Soares-Filho

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

IISD Climate Change and Agriculture Research | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IISD Climate Change and Agriculture Research IISD Climate Change and Agriculture Research Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: IISD Climate Change and Agriculture Research Agency/Company /Organization: International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry, Agriculture Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications References: IISD Climate Change and Agriculture Research[1] "IISD's work related to climate change and agriculture has been supported by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada." It include the two following publications: Expanding Agriculture's Role in a Post-2012 Regime (PDF - 712 kb) and Climate Change Mitigation through Land-Use Measures in the Agriculture and Forestry Sectors References ↑ "IISD Climate Change and Agriculture Research"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Climate Technology Initiative Training Courses | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Technology Initiative Training Courses Climate Technology Initiative Training Courses Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate Technology Initiative Training Courses Agency/Company /Organization: Climate Technology Initiative Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Training materials Website: www.climatetech.net/about/training.cfm References: CTI Training Courses[1] "Training courses are organised in collaboration with relevant international organisations, with a focus on the special requirements and circumstances of the target countries/regions. Specific activities include: Capacity building for technology needs assessment, project planning

102

Uganda-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Uganda-USAID Climate Activities Uganda-USAID Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Uganda-USAID Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Land Focus Area Forestry, Agriculture Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Uganda Eastern Africa References USAID Uganda [1] "USAID works to sustain and conserve biodiversity as well as mitigate climate change impacts in Uganda by implementing innovative programs in conservation, agroforestry, farmland and watershed restoration and by promoting environmental management best practices." References ↑ "USAID Uganda" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Uganda-USAID_Climate_Activities&oldid=329366"

103

Ecuador-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Activities Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Ecuador-USAID Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Ecuador South America References Ecuador[1] "USAID's support of improved resources management and conservation has helped Ecuador achieve sustainable development and higher environmental standards. By preserving natural resources such as carbon-storing forests, USAID has assisted Ecuador to mitigate climate change while simultaneously protecting vulnerable ecosystems." References ↑ "Ecuador" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Ecuador-USAID_Climate_Activities&oldid=328615"

104

UNDP-Low Emission Climate Resilient Development Strategies (LECRDS)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNDP-Low Emission Climate Resilient Development Strategies (LECRDS) UNDP-Low Emission Climate Resilient Development Strategies (LECRDS) Guidance Manuals and Toolkits Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNDP-Low Emission Climate Resilient Development Strategies (LECRDS) Guidance Manuals and Toolkits Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme Sector: Energy, Land, Climate Focus Area: Economic Development, Greenhouse Gas Topics: Finance, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.undp.org/environment/climatestrategies_toolkits.shtml Cost: Free UNDP-Low Emission Climate Resilient Development Strategies (LECRDS) Guidance Manuals and Toolkits Screenshot

105

Partnership for Climate Action - China | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Action - China Climate Action - China Jump to: navigation, search Name Partnership for Climate Action - China Agency/Company /Organization Institute for Sustainable Communities (ISC) Partner World Resources Institute (WRI), United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use Topics Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.iscchina.org/ Program Start 2009 Program End 2013 Country China Eastern Asia References Partnership for Climate Action[1] Overview "The Institute for Sustainable Communities and the World Resources Institute-with funding from USAID and the private sector-have been working

106

City of Aspen Climate Action Plan | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aspen Climate Action Plan Aspen Climate Action Plan Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Aspen Climate Action Plan Agency/Company /Organization City of Aspen Sector Energy, Water, Land Focus Area Buildings, Commercial, Residential, Offsets and Certificates, Economic Development, Goods and Materials - Embodied Energy, Industry - Industrial Processes, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use, People and Policy, Transportation, Water Conservation, Renewable Energy, Biomass - Biofuels, Biomass, Geothermal, Water Power, Biomass - Landfill Gas, Solar, - Solar Hot Water, - Solar Pv, Wind Phase Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Create Early Successes Resource Type Case studies/examples Availability Free - Publicly Available Publication Date 5/1/2007

107

Technical Report: Impacts of Land Management and Climate on Agroecosystem Greenhouse Gas Exchange in the Upper Midwest United States  

SciTech Connect

Our research is designed to improve the scientific understanding of how carbon is cycled between the land and atmosphere within a heavily managed landscape that is characteristic of the Upper Midwest. The Objectives are: 1) Quantify the seasonal and interannual variation of net ecosystem CO2 exchange of agricultural ecosystems in the Upper Midwest grown under different management strategies; 2) Partition net ecosystem CO2 exchange into photosynthesis and ecosystem respiration by combining micrometeorological and stable isotope techniques; 3) Examine the seasonal variation in canopy-scale photosynthetic discrimination and the isotope ratios of ecosystem respiration and photosynthesis.

Timothy J. Griffis; John M. Baker

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Eos Climate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Eos Climate Jump to: navigation, search Name Eos Climate Place South San Francisco, California Zip 94080 Product California-based firm focused on developing climate change...

109

Higher U.S. Crop Prices Trigger Little Area Expansion so Marginal Land for Biofuel Crops Is Limited  

SciTech Connect

By expanding energy biomass production on marginal lands that are not currently used for crops, food price increases and indirect climate change effects can be mitigated. Studies of the availability of marginal lands for dedicated bioenergy crops have focused on biophysical land traits, ignoring the human role in decisions to convert marginal land to bioenergy crops. Recent history offers insights about farmer willingness to put non-crop land into crop production. The 2006-09 leap in field crop prices and the attendant 64% gain in typical profitability led to only a 2% increase in crop planted area, mostly in the prairie states

Swinton, S.; Babcock, Bruce; James, Laura; Bandaru, Varaprasad

2011-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

110

The CSIRO Mk3L climate system model v1.0 coupled to the CABLE land surface scheme v1.4b: evaluation of the control climatology  

SciTech Connect

The CSIRO Mk3L climate system model, a reduced-resolution coupled general circulation model, has previously been described in this journal. The model is configured for millennium scale or multiple century scale simulations. This paper reports the impact of replacing the relatively simple land surface scheme that is the default parameterisation in Mk3L with a sophisticated land surface model that simulates the terrestrial energy, water and carbon balance in a physically and biologically consistent way. An evaluation of the new model s near-surface climatology highlights strengths and weaknesses, but overall the atmospheric variables, including the near-surface air temperature and precipitation, are simulated well. The impact of the more sophisticated land surface model on existing variables is relatively small, but generally positive. More significantly, the new land surface scheme allows an examination of surface carbon-related quantities including net primary productivity which adds significantly to the capacity of Mk3L. Overall, results demonstrate that this reduced-resolution climate model is a good foundation for exploring long time scale phenomena. The addition of the more sophisticated land surface model enables an exploration of important Earth System questions including land cover change and abrupt changes in terrestrial carbon storage.

Mao, Jiafu [ORNL; Phipps, S.J. [University of New South Wales; Pitman, A.J. [University of New South Wales; Wang, Yingping [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research; Abramowitz, G. [University of New South Wales; Pak, B. [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Development of the semi-arid climate and environment research observatory over Loess Plateau  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arid and semi-arid areas comprise about 30 % of earth surface. Changes in climate and climate variability will likely have a significant impact on these regions. Loess Plateau over Northwest China is a special semi-arid land surface and part of dust aerosol source. To improve understanding and observe the direct evident of the impact of human activity on semi-arid climate over Loess Plateau, the Semi-Arid Climate & Environment Observatory of Lanzhou University (SACOL) has been established since 2005. SACOL consists of a large set of instruments and focuses on: 1) monitoring of long term tendencies in semi-arid climate changes; 2) monitoring of the aerosol effect on water cycle; 3) studies of interaction between land surface and atmosphere; 4) improving the land surface and climate model; 5) validation of space-borne observations. This paper presents a description of SACOL objectives, measurements, and sampling strategies. Preliminary observation results are also reviewed in this paper. 2 1.

Jianping Huang; Wu Zhang; Jinqing Zuo; Congbin Fu; Jifan Chou; Jiuyi Yuan; Lei Zhang; Shigong Wang; Hongchao Zuo; Hua Fu; Zhoulin Chang; Jianrong Bi; Jinsen Shi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

FAO-Capacity Development on Climate Change | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FAO-Capacity Development on Climate Change FAO-Capacity Development on Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: FAO-Capacity Development on Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector: Land, Climate Focus Area: Forestry, Agriculture Resource Type: Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices, Case studies/examples Website: www.fao.org/climatechange/learning/en/ Cost: Free FAO-Capacity Development on Climate Change Screenshot References: FAO-Capacity Development on Climate Change[1] Logo: FAO-Capacity Development on Climate Change This portal provides a one-stop window for Member States, partners, UN staff and other development actors to access FAO climate change learning resources to facilitate experience-sharing.

113

FAO Climate-Smart Agriculture | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FAO Climate-Smart Agriculture FAO Climate-Smart Agriculture Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: FAO Climate-Smart Agriculture Agency/Company /Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Policies/deployment programs Website: www.fao.org/climatechange/climatesmart/en/ Program Start: 2010 References: Climate-Smart Agriculture[1] Logo: FAO Climate-Smart Agriculture Overview "Food security and climate change can be addressed together by transforming agriculture and adopting practices that are "climate-smart" A number of production systems are already being used by farmers and food producers to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, adapt to climate change, and reduce vulnerability. This website provides examples of many of these

114

Climate change: State of knowledge  

SciTech Connect

Burning coal, oil and natural gas to heat our homes, power our cars, and illuminate our cities produces carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases as by-products. Deforestation and clearing of land for agriculture also release significant quantities of such gases. Records of past climate going as far back as 160,000 years indicate a close correlation between the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and global temperatures. Computer simulations of the climate indicate that global temperatures will rise as atmospheric concentrations of CO2 increase. As the risks of global climate change become increasingly apparent, there is a genuine need to focus on actions to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions and minimize the adverse impacts of a changing climate.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

115

Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use Mitigation Project Database | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use Mitigation Project Database Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use Mitigation Project Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use Mitigation Project Database Agency/Company /Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry, Agriculture Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.fao.org/climatechange/67148/en/ RelatedTo: Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Project Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use Mitigation Project Database Screenshot References: AFOLU Mitigation Database[1] Global Survey of Agricultural Mitigation Projects Paper[2] "The AFOLU MP database endeavors to gather information on all mitigation activities currently ongoing within the agricultural and forestry sectors

116

land | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

land land Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (5 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric hectares km2 land land requirements land use land-use mean photovoltaic photovoltaics PV solar statistics Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Master Solar Land Use Spreadsheet (xlsx, 1.5 MiB)

117

Honduras-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USAID Climate Activities USAID Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Honduras-USAID Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References Honuduras[1] "USAID's crosscutting environmental program in Honduras has assisted the country in protecting its natural resources, thus increasing the resilience of ecosystems and mitigating the potential effects of climate change. Through continued USAID assistance, Honduras will likely maintain and expand its protection of carbon stocks as well as increase its capacity to deal with natural disasters." References ↑ "Honuduras"

118

USAID Europe and Eurasia Climate Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Eurasia Climate Program and Eurasia Climate Program Jump to: navigation, search Name USAID Europe and Eurasia Climate Program Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Armenia, Republic of Macedonia, Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Kazakhstan, Hungary, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan Western Asia, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Central Asia, Eastern Europe, Western Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Western Asia, Central Asia References USAID Regional Climate Programs[1]

119

Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD) of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD) Jump to: navigation, search Name Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD) Agency/Company /Organization World Meteorological Organization, United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization, United Nations Environment Programme, International Council for Science, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector Land, Climate Focus Area Biomass, Forestry, Agriculture Topics GHG inventory Resource Type Software/modeling tools Website http://www.fao.org/gtos/gofc-g References Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD)[1] Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD) Screenshot "Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD) is a

120

Bridging the Gap-The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen and its  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bridging the Gap-The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen and its Bridging the Gap-The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen and its Implications for the Land Transport Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Bridging the Gap-The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen and its Implications for the Land Transport Sector Agency/Company /Organization: Bridging the Gap Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Transportation Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.transport2012.org/bridging/ressources/documents/1/556,Copenhagen_r References: Bridging the Gap-The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen and its Implications for the Land Transport Sector[1] "This paper provides a brief overview of the outcome of the UN conference and a discussion of the implications of decisions made there in respect to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Kenya-World Bank Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Climate Activities World Bank Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-World Bank Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Agriculture Topics Background analysis Country Kenya Eastern Africa References World Bank project database[1] Contents 1 Active World Bank Climate Projects in Kenya 1.1 Kenya: Adaptation to Climate Change in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (KACCAL) (5.5 M) Global Environment Project, Pipeline 1.2 Kenya Agricultural Carbon Project (1M) Carbon Offset, Pipeline 1.3 CF Kengen, Kiambere, Tana, Eburru (2.77 M) Carbon Offset 1.4 Kenya KenGen Carbon Finance umbrella, Carbon Offset 1.5 Western Kenya Integrated Ecosystem Management Project (4.1M) Global Environment Project

122

Egypt-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Climate Projects World Bank Climate Projects Jump to: navigation, search Name Egypt-World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Biomass, Wind, Transportation Topics Background analysis Country Egypt Northern Africa References World Bank project database[1] Contents 1 World Bank Active Climate Projects in Egypt 1.1 Egypt Vehicle Scrapping and Recycling Program 1.2 EG-LAND FILLING AND PROCESING SERVICES FOR SOUTHERN ZONE IN CAIRO 1.3 Egypt - Wind Power Development Project 1.4 Pollution Abatement Project 1.5 ONYX solid Waste Alexandria 2 References World Bank Active Climate Projects in Egypt Egypt Vehicle Scrapping and Recycling Program (8.32M) Carbon Offset, Pipeline EG-LAND FILLING AND PROCESING SERVICES FOR SOUTHERN ZONE IN CAIRO

123

India-Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacities to Climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacities to Climate Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacities to Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Name India-Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacities to Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation Sector Energy, Land, Water Focus Area Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.intercooperation.or Country India Southern Asia References India-Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacities to Climate Change[1] India-Vulnerability Assessment and Enhancing Adaptive Capacities to Climate Change Screenshot Contents 1 Introduction [1] 2 Community-based Institutions [2] 3 Pasture Land Development [3]

124

Nepal-Sectoral Climate Impacts Economic Assessment | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal-Sectoral Climate Impacts Economic Assessment Nepal-Sectoral Climate Impacts Economic Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Name Nepal Sectoral Climate impacts Economic Assessment Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Ministry of Environment for Government of Nepal Sector Climate Focus Area Agriculture, Forestry, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, People and Policy, Water Conservation Topics Low emission development planning Website http://cdkn.org/2011/11/call-f Country Nepal Southern Asia References Nepal Sectoral Climate impacts Economic Assessment[1] CDKN is providing support to the GoN through a number of projects to design and deliver climate compatible development (CCD) plans and policies. To

125

Nepal Sectoral Climate impacts Economic Assessment | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sectoral Climate impacts Economic Assessment Sectoral Climate impacts Economic Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Name Nepal Sectoral Climate impacts Economic Assessment Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Ministry of Environment for Government of Nepal Sector Climate Focus Area Agriculture, Forestry, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, People and Policy, Water Conservation Topics Low emission development planning Website http://cdkn.org/2011/11/call-f Country Nepal Southern Asia References Nepal Sectoral Climate impacts Economic Assessment[1] CDKN is providing support to the GoN through a number of projects to design and deliver climate compatible development (CCD) plans and policies. To

126

The ICARDA Agro-Climate Tool | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The ICARDA Agro-Climate Tool The ICARDA Agro-Climate Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: The ICARDA Agro-Climate Tool Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Agriculture Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Resource assessment Website: www.csrl.ars.usda.gov/wewc/icarda%20agro-climate%20tool.aspx The ICARDA Agro-Climate Tool Screenshot References: ICARDA[1] Abstract "A Visual Basic agro-climate application developed by climatologists at the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas and the U.S. Department of Agriculture is described here. The application's climate database consists of weather generator parameters derived from the station data of 649 meteorological stations. From those parameters the

127

Nature Conservancy-Climate Wizard | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nature Conservancy-Climate Wizard Nature Conservancy-Climate Wizard Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Nature Conservancy-Climate Wizard Agency/Company /Organization: The Nature Conservancy Sector: Climate, Energy, Land Focus Area: Agriculture, Forestry Topics: Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory Resource Type: Maps, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: www.climatewizard.org/AboutUs.html Web Application Link: www.climatewizard.org/ Cost: Free UN Region: Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia Language: English Nature Conservancy-Climate Wizard Screenshot References: TNC- Climate Wizard [1] With ClimateWizard you can: view historic temperature and rainfall maps for anywhere in the world view state-of-the-art future predictions of temperature and rainfall

128

Hierarchical Marginal Land Assessment for Land Use Planning  

SciTech Connect

Marginal land provides an alternative potential for food and bioenergy production in the face of limited land resources; however, effective assessment of marginal lands is not well addressed. Concerns over environmental risks, ecosystem services and sustainability for marginal land have been widely raised. The objective of this study was to develop a hierarchical marginal land assessment framework for land use planning and management. We first identified major land functions linking production, environment, ecosystem services and economics, and then classified land resources into four categories of marginal land using suitability and limitations associated with major management goals, including physically marginal land, biologically marginal land, environmental-ecological marginal land, and economically marginal land. We tested this assessment framework in south-western Michigan, USA. Our results indicated that this marginal land assessment framework can be potentially feasible on land use planning for food and bioenergy production, and balancing multiple goals of land use management. We also compared our results with marginal land assessment from the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and land capability classes (LCC) that are used in the US. The hierarchical assessment framework has advantages of quantitatively reflecting land functions and multiple concerns. This provides a foundation upon which focused studies can be identified in order to improve the assessment framework by quantifying high-resolution land functions associated with environment and ecosystem services as well as their criteria are needed to improve the assessment framework.

Kang, Shujiang [ORNL; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL; Wang, Dali [ORNL; Nichols, Dr Jeff A [ORNL; Bandaru, Vara Prasad [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Evaluating Error Propagation in Coupled Land–Atmosphere Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines how land-use errors from the Land Transformation Model (LTM) propagate through to climate as simulated by the Regional Atmospheric Model System (RAMS). The authors conducted five simulations of regional climate over East Africa:...

Bryan Pijanowski; Nathan Moore; Dasaraden Mauree; Dev Niyogi

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Jordan-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name Jordan-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization United States Forest Service Sector Land Topics Background analysis Website http://www.fs.fed.us/global/to Country Jordan Western Asia References US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation[1] "In Jordan, the Forest Service provides technical support to Bedouin communities on community grassland rehabilitation projects. The focus is on rehabilitating extremely degraded rangelands-unique because it is designed to work without using fences to exclude grazing animals." References ↑ "US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation" Retrieved from

131

Flux Replacement as a Method to Diagnose Coupled Land–Atmosphere Model Feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential role of the land surface state in improving predictions of seasonal climate is investigated with a coupled land–atmosphere climate model. Climate simulations for 18 boreal-summer seasons (1982–99) have been conducted with specified ...

Paul A. Dirmeyer; Mei Zhao

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Manual for Social Impact Assessment of Land-Based Carbon Projects | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Manual for Social Impact Assessment of Land-Based Carbon Projects Manual for Social Impact Assessment of Land-Based Carbon Projects Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Manual for Social Impact Assessment of Land-Based Carbon Projects Agency/Company /Organization: Forest Trends, The Climate, Community and Biodiversity (CCB) Alliance, The Rainforest Alliance, Flora and Fauna International Partner: United Nations Development Programme, U.S. Agency for International Development Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture, Forestry Topics: Co-benefits assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual Complexity/Ease of Use: Simple Website: www.forest-trends.org/documents/files/doc_2436.pdf Cost: Free Manual for Social Impact Assessment of Land-Based Carbon Projects Screenshot References: Manual for Social Impact Assessment of Land-Based Carbon Projects[1]

133

Mediterranean land abandonment and associated biomass variation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biomass is an important factor in environmental processes, such as erosion, carbon storage, climate change and land degradation. Human-induced changes in plant community systems and… (more)

Hoogeveen, S.S.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

The Sensitivity of a Land Surface Parameterization Scheme to the Choice of Remotely Sensed Land-Cover Datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characteristics of satellite-derived land-cover data for climate models vary depending on sensor properties and processing options. To better understand the first-order effects of differences in land-cover data on a land surface ...

K. W. Oleson; K. L. Driese; J. A. Maslanik; W. J. Emery; W. A. Reiners

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Global and Seasonal Assessment of Interactions between Climate and Vegetation Biophysical Processes: A GCM Study with Different Land–Vegetation Representations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A global and seasonal assessment of regions of the earth with strong climate–vegetation biophysical process (VBP) interactions is provided. The presence of VBP and degree of VBP effects on climate were assessed based on the skill of simulations ...

Yongkang Xue; Fernando De Sales; Ratko Vasic; C. Roberto Mechoso; Akio Arakawa; Stephen Prince

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Damage of Land Biosphere due to Intense Warming by 1000-Fold Rapid Increase in Atmospheric Methane: Estimation with a Climate–Carbon Cycle Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decadal-time-scale responses of climate and the global carbon cycle to warming associated with rapid increases in atmospheric methane from a massive methane release from marine sedimentary methane hydrates are investigated with a coupled climate–...

Atsushi Obata; Kiyotaka Shibata

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Mexico-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USAID Climate Activities USAID Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Industry, Forestry Topics GHG inventory, Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Mexico Central America References USAID Mexico[1] "USAID/Mexico supports an environmental program that seeks to protect biodiversity, promote energy efficiency, reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and decrease Mexico's vulnerability to climate change. The Mission's climate change activities have focused in particular on forest conservation, renewable energy, and clean production systems that mitigate GHG emissions." References ↑ "USAID Mexico" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Mexico-USAID_Climate_Activities&oldid=3831

138

Russia-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USAID Climate Activities USAID Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Russia-USAID Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Partner U.S. Forest Service Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Russia Eastern Europe References USAID Russia[1] "Currently, USAID/Russia addresses global climate change issues through its support to the U.S. Forest Service (USFS). Forests play an important role in mitigating the effects of climate change; therefore establishing good management practices and avoiding deforestation are critical. USFS collaboration with Russia focuses on sustainable forest management topics, including inventory and monitoring, fire management, illegal logging, and

139

Peru-Planning for Climate Change (PlanCC) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peru-Planning for Climate Change (PlanCC) Peru-Planning for Climate Change (PlanCC) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Planning for Climate Change (PlanCC) Peru Name Planning for Climate Change (PlanCC) Peru Agency/Company /Organization HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation, Libélula Consulting Company of Peru Partner Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), The Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF), Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environment Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Economic Development, Forestry, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, People and Policy, Transportation, Water Conservation, Water Power Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Macroeconomic, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs

140

Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: ictsd.org/downloads/2009/11/access-to-climate-change-technology-by-dev Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries Screenshot References: Developing Country-Access to CC Tech[1] "The paper critically examines various approaches that have been suggested for achieving greater access to climate change technology by developing countries, including compulsory licensing, patent pools, patent databases

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

CIFOR/ICRAF Forests and Climate Training | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CIFOR/ICRAF Forests and Climate Training CIFOR/ICRAF Forests and Climate Training Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: CIFOR/ICRAF Forests and Climate Training Agency/Company /Organization: United States Agency for International Development, Center for International Forestry Research Sector: Land Focus Area: - Biofuels, Forestry, Offsets and Certificates Topics: Finance, Implementation, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Training materials Website: www.cifor.cgiar.org/carbofor/projects/climate/CapacityBuildingWorkPlan CIFOR/ICRAF Forests and Climate Training Screenshot References: Carbofor Training [1] Purpose "To design and facilitate training workshops about how the trends relating to global climate change may affect USAID's ongoing and future

142

Dominican Republic-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominican Republic-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin Dominican Republic-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Dominican Republic-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean Name Dominican Republic-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean Agency/Company /Organization Inter-American Development Bank, The Regional Fund for Agricultural Technology, Government of New Zealand Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Background analysis, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning Website http://www.iadb.org/en/news/ne Program Start 2011 Country Dominican Republic Caribbean References IDB, FONTAGRO, Government of New Zealand sign agreement on climate change mitigation and agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean[1]

143

InfoDev and DFID Climate Technology Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DFID Climate Technology Program DFID Climate Technology Program Jump to: navigation, search Logo: InfoDev Climate Technology Program Name InfoDev Climate Technology Program Agency/Company /Organization World Bank, Information for Development Program (infoDev) Partner UK's Department for International Development (DFID) Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Biomass, Solar, Wind, Buildings, Transportation, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Implementation, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Workshop Website http://www.infodev.org/climate Program Start 2009 Country Kenya, India Eastern Africa, Southern Asia References Climate Technology Program [1] infoDev's Climate Technology Program (www.infoDev.org/climate) is conducting country-specific projects aimed at accelerating the development,

144

Malawi-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Malawi-USAID Climate Activities Malawi-USAID Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Malawi-USAID Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Forestry Topics Market analysis, Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Malawi Eastern Africa References USAID Malawi[1] "USAID's support for natural resources management in Malawi has proved to be indispensable in not only preserving vital carbon sinks, but also in stimulating economic development. Through improved management practices, training, and technical assistance, the people of Malawi have learned the importance of undertaking income creating sustainable development measures." References ↑ "USAID Malawi"

145

Climate Change and Clean Energy Project (CEnergy) Toolkit | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Change and Clean Energy Project (CEnergy) Toolkit Climate Change and Clean Energy Project (CEnergy) Toolkit Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate Change and Clean Energy Project (CEnergy) Toolkit Agency/Company /Organization: Clean Air Asia, International Resources Group (IRG), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Ministry of Planning Sector: Land Focus Area: Greenhouse Gas, People and Policy, Transportation Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website: cleanairinitiative.org/portal/toolkitLGUs Country: Philippines UN Region: South-Eastern Asia References: CEnergy Toolkit[1]

146

Bangladesh-USAID Climate Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bangladesh-USAID Climate Activities Bangladesh-USAID Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Forestry Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Bangladesh Southern Asia References Bangladesh[1] "USAID's climate change activities in Bangladesh seek to improve energy sector performance through efficient energy and renewable energy use, and to improve management of natural resources such as water and tropical forests. The USAID Mission's environment program has strengthened the capacity of the Bangladesh government and local non-governmental organizations to carry out these improvements." References ↑ "Bangladesh" Retrieved from

147

An Improved Land Surface Emissivity Parameter for Land Surface Models Using Global Remote Sensing Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because land surface emissivity (?) has not been reliably measured, global climate model (GCM) land surface schemes conventionally set this parameter as simply constant, for example, 1 as in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (...

Menglin Jin; Shunlin Liang

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

A New Characterization of the Land Surface Heterogeneity over Africa for Use in Land Surface Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information related to land surface is immensely important to global change science. For example, land surface changes can alter regional climate through its effects on fluxes of water, energy, and carbon. In the past decades, data sources and ...

Armel Thibaut Kaptué Tchuenté; Jean-Louis Roujean; Agnès Bégué; Sietse O. Los; Aaron A. Boone; Jean-François Mahfouf; Dominique Carrer; Badiane Daouda

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Ecosystem Feedbacks to Climate Change in California: Development, Testing, and Analysis Using a Coupled Regional Atmosphere and Land Surface Model (WRF3–CLM3.5)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional atmosphere model [Weather Research and Forecasting model version 3 (WRF3)] and a land surface model [Community Land Model, version 3.5 (CLM3.5)] were coupled to study the interactions between the atmosphere and possible future ...

Z. M. Subin; W. J. Riley; J. Jin; D. S. Christianson; M. S. Torn; L. M. Kueppers

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Simulation of effects of climate change on surface water balances of agricultural lands. Final technical report, 30 September 1992-29 September 1994  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this project, the authors used the simulation model ENWATBAL and a stochastic weather generator (WXGEN) to evaluate the impact of climatic change on water balances of cotton and sorghum, major crops in Texas that differ in their response to elevated CO2. Specific objectives were: test the accuracy of the ENWATBAL model for the study of climate change; determine the sensitivities of soil water evaporation and transpiration of cotton and sorghum to single and multifactor changes in climate and CO2; and assess effects of gradual climate change on water balances of cotton and sorghum in west Texas.

Heilman, J.L.; McFarland, M.J.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

151

Focus Article Nuclear winter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Focus Article Nuclear winter Alan Robock Nuclear winter is the term for a theory describing the climatic effects of nuclear war. Smoke from the fires started by nuclear weapons, especially the black, sooty smoke from cities and industrial facilities, would be heated by the Sun, lofted into the upper

Robock, Alan

152

The Initiation of Modern “Soft Snowball” and “Hard Snowball” Climates in CCSM3. Part II: Climate Dynamic Feedbacks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the climate dynamic feedbacks during a transition from the present climate to the extremely cold climate of a “Snowball Earth” using the Community Climate System Model, version 3 (CCSM3). With the land–sea distribution ...

Jun Yang; W. Richard Peltier; Yongyun Hu

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

EC/UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EC/UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program EC/UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP/EC Climate Change Capacity Building Program Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, GHG inventory, Implementation, -Roadmap, -TNA, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment Website http://www.lowemissiondevelopm

154

Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment

155

IDRISI Land Change Modeler | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IDRISI Land Change Modeler IDRISI Land Change Modeler Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: IDRISI Land Change Modeler Agency/Company /Organization: Clark Labs Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture, Forestry Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Resource assessment Resource Type: Maps, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.clarklabs.org/ Cost: Paid IDRISI Land Change Modeler Screenshot References: IDRISI Land Change Modeler[1] Overview "The Land Change Modeler is revolutionary land cover change analysis and prediction software with tools to analyze, measure and project the impacts of such change on habitat and biodiversity." References ↑ "IDRISI Land Change Modeler" Retrieved from

156

Evaluation of AMIP II Global Climate Model Simulations of the Land Surface Water Budget and Its Components over the GEWEX-CEOP Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The land surface water balance components simulated by 20 atmospheric global circulation models (AGCMs) participating in phase II of the Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP II) are analyzed globally and over seven Global Energy and ...

P. Irannejad; A. Henderson-Sellers

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Guinea-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Guinea-USAID Climate Activities Guinea-USAID Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Guinea-USAID Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Guinea Western Africa References USAID Guinea[1] "USAID supports improved governance in the sustainable management of Guinea's tropical forests and watersheds. USAID's climate change activities focus on a multi-sectoral, integrated approach to economic growth. Working to improve governance within the agriculture, natural resources management, and small enterprise development sectors, USAID's work has led to more accountable and transparent government institutions,

158

Nepal-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USAID Climate Activities USAID Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Nepal-USAID Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Hydro, Forestry Topics Background analysis Country Nepal Southern Asia References Nepal[1] USAID/Nepal has strategically focused on climate-friendly energy projects and governance programs. In the area of clean energy production, USAID is supporting efforts to develop small- and medium-scale hydropower plants as an alternative to unclean biofuels. By improving governance practices, USAID is empowering communities and civil society groups to more effectively manage natural resources and conserve biodiversity. Over the past few years, USAID has assisted the Government of Nepal's

159

Peru-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peru-USAID Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Peru-USAID Climate Activities AgencyCompany Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Land...

160

FAO-Modelling System for Agricultural Impacts of Climate Change (MOSAICC) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FAO-Modelling System for Agricultural Impacts of Climate Change (MOSAICC) FAO-Modelling System for Agricultural Impacts of Climate Change (MOSAICC) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: FAO-Modelling System for Agricultural Impacts of Climate Change (MOSAICC) Agency/Company /Organization: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector: Climate, Land, Water Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Co-benefits assessment Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.fao.org/climatechange/mosaicc/66705/en/ FAO-Modelling System for Agricultural Impacts of Climate Change (MOSAICC) Screenshot References: FAO-Modelling System for Agricultural Impacts of Climate Change (MOSAICC)[1] "FAO-MOSAICC (for MOdelling System for Agricultural Impacts of Climate Change) is a system of models designed to carry out each step of the impact

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Climate, Agriculture and Food Scarcity: A Strategy for Change | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate, Agriculture and Food Scarcity: A Strategy for Change Climate, Agriculture and Food Scarcity: A Strategy for Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Climate, Agriculture and Food Scarcity: A Strategy for Change Agency/Company /Organization: Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Implementation, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.cgiar.org/pdf/CCAFS_Strategy_december2009.pdf Climate, Agriculture and Food Scarcity: A Strategy for Change Screenshot References: Climate, Agriculture and Food Scarcity[1] References ↑ "Climate, Agriculture and Food Scarcity" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Climate,_Agriculture_and_Food_Scarcity:_A_Strategy_for_Change&oldid=328536"

162

Madagascar-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Madagascar-USAID Climate Activities Madagascar-USAID Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Madagascar-USAID Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Madagascar Eastern Africa References USAID Madagascar[1] "USAID continues to be a principal supporter in preserving Madagascar's rich forests. This not only helps protect one of the world's most unique repositories of biodiversity, but also greatly assists in mitigating the effects of climate change through maintaining Madagascar's extensive carbon sinks." References ↑ "USAID Madagascar" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Madagascar-USAID_Climate_Activities&oldid=328934"

163

China-Partnership for Climate Action | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China-Partnership for Climate Action China-Partnership for Climate Action Jump to: navigation, search Name Partnership for Climate Action - China Agency/Company /Organization Institute for Sustainable Communities (ISC) Partner World Resources Institute (WRI), United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use Topics Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.iscchina.org/ Program Start 2009 Program End 2013 Country China Eastern Asia References Partnership for Climate Action[1] Overview "The Institute for Sustainable Communities and the World Resources Institute-with funding from USAID and the private sector-have been working

164

Indonesia-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Change Technical Cooperation Climate Change Technical Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization United States Forest Service Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Background analysis Website http://www.fs.fed.us/global/to Country Indonesia South-Eastern Asia References US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation[1] "In Indonesia, the US Forest Service has a new partnership with the Indonesian Ministry of Forests aimed at improving forest governance by strengthening ties between field operations and headquarters in order to manage and conserve forests on a landscape-scale. " References ↑ "US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation" Retrieved from

165

Agricultural Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Agricultural Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Agricultural Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Developing Countries: Policy Options for Innovations and Technology Diffusion Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Agricultural Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Developing Countries: Policy Options for Innovations and Technology Diffusion Agency/Company /Organization: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture, Biomass Topics: Adaptation, Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual, Publications Website: ictsd.org/downloads/2010/06/agricultural-technologies-for-climate-chan Language: English Agricultural Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Developing Countries: Policy Options for Innovations and Technology Diffusion Screenshot

166

Economic Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation Projects: Approaches for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Economic Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation Projects: Approaches for Economic Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation Projects: Approaches for the Agricultural Sector and Beyond Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Economic Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation Projects: Approaches for the Agricultural Sector and Beyond Agency/Company /Organization: Global Environment Facility Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Adaptation, Policies/deployment programs Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/ENVIRONMENT/Resources/DevCC1_Adaptation.pd Economic Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation Projects: Approaches for the Agricultural Sector and Beyond Screenshot References: Economic Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation Projects: Approaches for the Agricultural Sector and Beyond[1] Overview "This paper identifies key challenges and solutions for carrying out

167

Armenia-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Climate Projects World Bank Climate Projects Jump to: navigation, search Name Armenia-World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Geothermal Topics Background analysis Website http://web.worldbank.org/exter Country Armenia Western Asia References World Bank-Armenia [1] Contents 1 World Bank Active Climate Projects in Armenia 1.1 GEOFUND 2: Armenia Geothermal Project 1.2 Renewable Energy Project 1.3 Renewable Energy GEF Project 2 References World Bank Active Climate Projects in Armenia GEOFUND 2: Armenia Geothermal Project Renewable Energy Project Renewable Energy GEF Project GEOFUND 2: Armenia Geothermal Project "The objective of the Second GeoFund Geothermal Project for Armenia is to

168

Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Project Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Project Agency/Company /Organization Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.fao.org/climatechan Program Start 2010 References Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Project[1] "The main goal of this project is to support efforts to mitigate climate change through agriculture in developing countries and move towards carbon friendly agricultural practices. The aim of the project is to help realise the substantial mitigation potential of agriculture, especially that of smallholders in developing countries. If the right changes are implemented in production systems,

169

Initiatives Related to Climate Change in Ghana | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Initiatives Related to Climate Change in Ghana Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Initiatives Related to Climate Change in Ghana Agency/Company /Organization: Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) Sector: Energy, Land, Water, Climate Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Transportation, Forestry Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: cdkn.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/Ghana-initiatives-mapping-climate- Country: Ghana Cost: Free UN Region: Western Africa

170

MCA4Climate - Guidance for scientifically sound climate change planning |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MCA4Climate - Guidance for scientifically sound climate change planning MCA4Climate - Guidance for scientifically sound climate change planning Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Multicriteria Analysis for Climate (MCA4climate) Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), World Bank Climate Smart Planning Platform Sector: Climate, Energy, Land Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Website: www.mca4climate.info/ Program Start: 2011 Cost: Free Multicriteria Analysis for Climate (MCA4climate) Screenshot References: MCA4Climate - Guidance for scientifically sound climate change planning[1]

171

Audit of the U.S. Department of Energy's Identification and Disposal of Nonessential Land, IG-0399  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Government Government Department of Energy memorandum DATE: January 8, 1997 REPLY TO ATTN TO: IG-1 SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Report on "Audit of the U.S. Department of Energy's Identification and Disposal of Nonessential Land" TO: The Secretary BACKGROUND The Department and its predecessor agencies acquired control of about 2.4 million acres of land to carry out wide-ranging programs. However, recent changes in the world's political climate have had a profound impact on the Department's mission and its need for this land. The Department's mission is now focused on weapons dismantlement, environmental clean-up, technology development, and scientific research. Because of

172

Bioenergy and the importance of land use policy in a carbon-constrained world  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Policies aimed at limiting anthropogenic climate change would result in significant transformations of the energy and land-use systems. However, increasing the demand for bioenergy could have a tremendous impact on land use, and can result in land clearing and deforestation. Wise et al. (2009a,b) analyzed an idealized policy to limit the indirect land use change emissions from bioenergy. The policy, while effective, would be difficult, if not impossible, to implement in the real world. In this paper, we consider several different land use policies that deviate from this first-best, using the Joint Global Change Research Institute’s Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM). Specifically, these new frameworks are (1) a policy that focuses on just the above-ground or vegetative terrestrial carbon rather than the total carbon, (2) policies that focus exclusively on incentivizing and protecting forestland, and (3) policies that apply an economic penalty on the use of biomass as a proxy to limit indirect land use change emissions. For each policy, we examine its impact on land use, land-use change emissions, atmospheric CO2 concentrations, agricultural supply, and food prices.

Calvin, Katherine V.; Edmonds, James A.; Wise, Marshall A.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

India-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

India-World Bank Climate Projects India-World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Country India Southern Asia References World Bank project database[1] Contents 1 World Bank Active Climate Projects in India 1.1 INDIA - Financing Energy Efficiency at SMEs 1.2 Karnataka Wind 1.3 Street Lighting Energy Efficiency 1.4 Sustainable Urban Transport Project 1.5 Karnataka Municipal Water Energy Efficiency Project 1.6 Sustainable Rural Livelihoods and Security through Innovations in Land and Ecosystem Mgmt /Additional GEF financing to India NAIP 1.7 Chiller Energy Efficiency 1.8 INDIA Chiller Energy Effiency Carbon Finance Operation 1.9 Coal-Fired Generation Rehabilitation 1.10 India - Chiller Energy Efficiency Project - MP Component

174

An Evaluation of the Strength of Land–Atmosphere Coupling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two ensembles of 1-month integrations of a coupled land–atmosphere climate model that differ only in their treatment of land surface boundary conditions have been generated from initial conditions chosen from the July states taken from each year ...

Paul A. Dirmeyer

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Research Focus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Focus Focus Work at FEERC is centered on three interrelated areas of research: fuels, engines, and emis- sions. FEERC scientists study the impacts of fuel properties on advanced combustion processes as well as on emissions and emission control strategies and devices. The range of fuels studied includes gaseous (natural gas) and liquid fuels from conventional and unconventional fossil- based sources, as well as non-petroleum fuels from synthetic and renewable sources. The FEERC conducts research on innovative internal combustion engine technologies and control systems for improved efficiency. Combining novel diagnostic and experimental methods with modeling, the Center's scientists also develop improved understanding of the functions and key mechanisms of emission control devices

176

Understanding Land–Sea Warming Contrast in Response to Increasing Greenhouse Gases. Part I: Transient Adjustment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Climate model simulations consistently show that surface temperature over land increases more rapidly than over sea in response to greenhouse gas forcing. The enhanced warming over land is not simply a transient effect caused by the land–sea ...

Buwen Dong; Jonathan M. Gregory; Rowan T. Sutton

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen and its Implications for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen and its Implications for The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen and its Implications for the Land Transport Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen and its Implications for the Land Transport Sector Agency/Company /Organization: Bridging the Gap Focus Area: Standards - Incentives - Policies - Regulations Topics: Policy Impacts Website: www.transport2012.org/bridging/ressources/documents/1/556,Copenhagen_r This paper provides a brief overview of the outcome of the UN conference and a discussion of the implications of decisions made there in respect to the transport sector, and how transport can play a more defining role in addressing climate change. The aim of this paper is to identify opportunities and challenges arising from the outcomes of COP15 to better

178

Planning for Climate Change (PlanCC) Peru | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Change (PlanCC) Peru Change (PlanCC) Peru Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Planning for Climate Change (PlanCC) Peru Name Planning for Climate Change (PlanCC) Peru Agency/Company /Organization HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation, Libélula Consulting Company of Peru Partner Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), The Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF), Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environment Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Economic Development, Forestry, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, People and Policy, Transportation, Water Conservation, Water Power Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Macroeconomic, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs

179

Argentina-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Argentina-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and Argentina-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Argentina-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean Name Argentina-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean Agency/Company /Organization Inter-American Development Bank, The Regional Fund for Agricultural Technology, Government of New Zealand Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Background analysis, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.iadb.org/en/news/ne Program Start 2011 Country Argentina UN Region South America References IDB, FONTAGRO, Government of New Zealand sign agreement on climate change mitigation and agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean[1]

180

World Bank-Morocco Study on the Impact of Climate Change on the  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Morocco Study on the Impact of Climate Change on the Morocco Study on the Impact of Climate Change on the Agricultural Sector Jump to: navigation, search Name World Bank-Morocco Study on the Impact of Climate Change on the Agricultural Sector Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.fao.org/nr/climpag/ Country Morocco UN Region Northern Africa References Morocco Study on the Impact of Climate Change on the Agricultural Sector[1] Summary "The present document is an interim report on climate change impacts on crop yields in Morocco. It is part of a larger study led by the World Bank and the Government of Morocco on climate change and agriculture. The yield

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Colombia-The Development of a Climate Compatible Agriculture Plan | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colombia-The Development of a Climate Compatible Agriculture Plan Colombia-The Development of a Climate Compatible Agriculture Plan Jump to: navigation, search Name Colombia-CDKN-The Development of a Climate Compatible Agriculture Plan Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Climate, Energy, Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/ Country Colombia UN Region South America References CDKN Site[1] This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. References ↑ "CDKN Site" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Colombia-The_Development_of_a_Climate_Compatible_Agriculture_Plan&oldid=699762"

182

CDKN-Colombia-The Development of a Climate Compatible Agriculture Plan |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development of a Climate Compatible Agriculture Plan Development of a Climate Compatible Agriculture Plan Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-Colombia-The Development of a Climate Compatible Agriculture Plan Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Climate, Energy, Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/ Country Colombia UN Region South America References CDKN Site[1] This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. References ↑ "CDKN Site" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=CDKN-Colombia-The_Development_of_a_Climate_Compatible_Agriculture_Plan&oldid=4075

183

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency State and Local Climate and Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

State and Local Climate and Energy State and Local Climate and Energy Program Jump to: navigation, search Name U.S. Environmental Protection Agency State and Local Climate and Energy Program Agency/Company /Organization United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector Energy, Land Focus Area People and Policy, Economic Development Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment Website http://www.epa.gov/statelocalc References US EPA State and Local Climate and Energy Program[1] Clean Energy-Environment Guide to Action[2] Abstract The EPA State and Local Climate and Energy Program provides a range of information and technical assistance to policymakers and community leaders that includes policy tracking, workforce development for clean energy jobs, greenhouse gas accounting protocols, local strategy guides, case studies, Webcasts, Podcasts, building energy efficiency for local governments, and Climate Showcase Community Grants.

184

Colombia-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colombia-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the Colombia-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Colombia-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean Name Colombia-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean Agency/Company /Organization Inter-American Development Bank, The Regional Fund for Agricultural Technology, Government of New Zealand Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Background analysis, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning Website http://www.iadb.org/en/news/ne Program Start 2011 Country Colombia South America References IDB, FONTAGRO, Government of New Zealand sign agreement on climate change mitigation and agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean[1]

185

Mexico-Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico-Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture Mexico-Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture Jump to: navigation, search Name Mexico-Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www-wds.worldbank.org/e Country Mexico UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References Mexico-Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture[1] Summary "Mexico is the only developing country to have submitted three national communications to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), indicating strong commitment by the government for addressing climate change across sectors. Agriculture contributes little, in relative

186

Uruguay-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Uruguay-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the Uruguay-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Uruguay-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean Name Uruguay-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean Agency/Company /Organization Inter-American Development Bank, The Regional Fund for Agricultural Technology, Government of New Zealand Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Background analysis, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning Website http://www.iadb.org/en/news/ne Program Start 2011 Country Uruguay South America References IDB, FONTAGRO, Government of New Zealand sign agreement on climate change mitigation and agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean[1]

187

Chile-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Chile-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the Chile-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Chile-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean Name Chile-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean Agency/Company /Organization Inter-American Development Bank, The Regional Fund for Agricultural Technology, Government of New Zealand Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Background analysis, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning Website http://www.iadb.org/en/news/ne Program Start 2011 Country Chile South America References IDB, FONTAGRO, Government of New Zealand sign agreement on climate change mitigation and agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean[1]

188

ILAMB Goals What is a Benchmark? ILAMB Meeting International Land Model Benchmarking (ILAMB) Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Develop benchmarks for land model performance, with a focus on carbon cycle, ecosystem, surface energy, and hydrological processes. The benchmarks should be designed and accepted by the community. Apply the benchmarks to global models. Support the design and development of a new, open-source, benchmarking software system for either diagnostic or model intercomparison purposes. Strengthen linkages between experimental, monitoring, remote sensing, and climate modeling communities in the design of new model tests and new measurement programs.

Forrest M. Hoffman; James T. R; Forrest M. Hoffman; James T. R; Forrest M. Hoffman; James T. R; Forrest M. Hoffman; James T. R; Forrest M. Hoffman; James T. R

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

ARM - Field Campaign - 2008 VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmos-Land Study (VOCALS)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmos-Land Study (VOCALS) 8 VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmos-Land Study (VOCALS) Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : 2008 VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmos-Land Study (VOCALS) 2008.10.14 - 2008.11.13 Lead Scientist : Peter Daum For data sets, see below. Description The DOE G-1 aircraft was deployed to Arica, Chile as part of the NSF VAMOS Ocean-Cloud- Atmospheric-Land Study (VOCALS). The purpose of VOCALS is to develop an understanding of the physical and chemical processes central to the climate system of the Southeast Pacific. In this region, extensive areas of marine clouds exist (coverage about 70% in October). The ASP component of VOCALS focused on aerosols, and how their chemical and microphysical properties, and their ability to act as CCN differ between

190

Analysis of Land Skin Temperature Using AVHRR Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using satellite remote sensing techniques to take quantitative observations of the climate system will advance our knowledge and ability to model the climate system and its changes. Polar-orbiting satellite records of global land surface skin ...

Menglin Jin

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

An Urban Parameterization for a Global Climate Model. Part I: Formulation and Evaluation for Two Cities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Urbanization, the expansion of built-up areas, is an important yet less-studied aspect of land use/land cover change in climate science. To date, most global climate models used to evaluate effects of land use/land cover change on climate do not ...

K. W. Oleson; G. B. Bonan; J. Feddema; M. Vertenstein; C. S. B. Grimmond

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Vertical Velocity Focus Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Velocity Focus Group Velocity Focus Group ARM 2008 Science Team Meeting Norfolk, VA March 10-14 Background Vertical velocity measurements have been at the top of the priority list of the cloud modeling community for some time. Doppler measurements from ARM profiling radars operating at 915-MHz, 35-GHz and 94-GHz have been largely unexploited. The purpose of this new focus group is to develop vertical velocity ARM products suitable for modelers. ARM response to their request has been slow. Most ARM instruments are suitable for cloud observations and have limited capabilities in precipitation Using ARM datasets for evaluating and improving cloud parameterization in global climate models (GCMs) is not straightforward, due to gigantic scale mismatches. Consider this... Looking only vertically drastically limits opportunities

193

The Community Climate System Model Version 3 (CCSM3)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Community Climate System Model version 3 (CCSM3) has recently been developed and released to the climate community. CCSM3 is a coupled climate model with components representing the atmosphere, ocean, sea ice, and land surface connected by a ...

William D. Collins; Cecilia M. Bitz; Maurice L. Blackmon; Gordon B. Bonan; Christopher S. Bretherton; James A. Carton; Ping Chang; Scott C. Doney; James J. Hack; Thomas B. Henderson; Jeffrey T. Kiehl; William G. Large; Daniel S. McKenna; Benjamin D. Santer; Richard D. Smith

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

land requirements | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

requirements requirements Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (5 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric hectares km2 land land requirements land use land-use mean photovoltaic photovoltaics PV solar statistics Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Master Solar Land Use Spreadsheet (xlsx, 1.5 MiB)

195

land use | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

use use Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (5 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric hectares km2 land land requirements land use land-use mean photovoltaic photovoltaics PV solar statistics Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Master Solar Land Use Spreadsheet (xlsx, 1.5 MiB)

196

An update on land-ice modeling in the CESM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mass loss from land ice, including the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets as well as smaller glacier and ice caps, is making a large and growing contribution to global sea-level rise. Land ice is only beginning to be incorporated in climate models. The goal of the Land Ice Working Group (LIWG) is to develop improved land-ice models and incorporate them in CESM, in order to provide useful, physically-based sea-level predictions. LJWG efforts to date have led to the inclusion of a dynamic ice-sheet model (the Glimmer Community Ice Sheet Model, or Glimmer-CISM) in the Community Earth System Model (CESM), which was released in June 2010. CESM also includes a new surface-mass-balance scheme for ice sheets in the Community Land Model. Initial modeling efforts are focused on the Greenland ice sheet. Preliminary results are promising. In particular, the simulated surface mass balance for Greenland is in good agreement with observations and regional model results. The current model, however, has significant limitations: The land-ice coupling is one-way; we are using a serial version of Glimmer-CISM with the shallow-ice approximation; and there is no ice-ocean coupling. During the next year we plan to implement two-way coupling (including ice-ocean coupling with a dynamic Antarctic ice sheet) with a parallel , higher-order version of Glimmer-CISM. We will also add parameterizations of small glaciers and ice caps. With these model improvements, CESM will be able to simulate all the major contributors to 21st century global sea-level rise. Results of the first round of simulations should be available in time to be included in the Fifth Assessment Report (ARS) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Lipscomb, William H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

197

USAID-Central Asian Republics Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USAID-Central Asian Republics Climate Activities USAID-Central Asian Republics Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name USAID-Central Asian Republics Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan Central Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia References USAID Climate Activities [1] "USAID activities in the Central Asian Republics have assisted countries in developing extensive greenhouse gas mitigation and energy efficiency projects. Primarily through training and technical assistance, USAID continues to support the region in these endeavors and is helping them move

198

Benefits of Tropical Forest Management Under the New Climate Change  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Benefits of Tropical Forest Management Under the New Climate Change Benefits of Tropical Forest Management Under the New Climate Change Agreement-A Case Study in Cambodia Jump to: navigation, search Name Benefits of Tropical Forest Management Under the New Climate Change Agreement-A Case Study in Cambodia Agency/Company /Organization United States Agency for International Development, Global Environment Facility, United Nations Development Programme Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.forestcarbonportal. Country Cambodia UN Region South-Eastern Asia References REDD Cambodia Case Study[1] Benefits of Tropical Forest Management Under the New Climate Change Agreement-A Case Study in Cambodia Screenshot

199

Accelerating Climate Technologies: Innovative Market Strategies to Overcome  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Accelerating Climate Technologies: Innovative Market Strategies to Overcome Accelerating Climate Technologies: Innovative Market Strategies to Overcome Barriers to Scale-up Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Accelerating Climate Technologies: Innovative Market Strategies to Overcome Barriers to Scale-up Agency/Company /Organization: Clean Energy Group Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Agriculture Topics: Finance, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: www.cleanegroup.org/Reports/CEG_Accelerating_Climate_Technologies_0714 UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

200

Colombia-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colombia-World Bank Climate Projects Colombia-World Bank Climate Projects Jump to: navigation, search Name Colombia-World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Forestry Topics Background analysis Country Colombia South America References World Bank project database[1] Contents 1 Active World Bank Climate Projects in Colombia 1.1 Rio Frio Carbon Offset Project 1.2 Integrated Mass Transit Systems Second Additional Financing 1.3 Colombia: San Nicolas Carbon Sequestration Project 1.4 CO: Caribbean Savannah Carbon Sink project 1.5 Jepirachi Carbon Off Set Project, Carbon Offset 1.6 COLOMBIA - Amoya River Environmental Services, Carbon Offset 1.7 Colombia: Integrated National Adaptation Program Global Environment Project

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Ghana-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Climate Projects World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Forestry Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Finance Country Ghana Western Africa References World Bank Project Database - Ghana [1] Contents 1 Active World Bank Climate Projects in Ghana 1.1 Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Readiness Grant 1.2 Energy Development and Access Project (GEDAP) 1.3 Ghana Rural Energy Access - Global Env. Project 1.4 Ghana Natural Resources and Environmental Governance 2 References Active World Bank Climate Projects in Ghana Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Readiness Grant (.2M - Active) Energy Development and Access Project - IBRD/IDA (90M - Active) Ghana Rural Energy Access - Global Env. Project (5.5M - Active).

202

Liberia-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name Liberia-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization United States Forest Service Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Background analysis Website http://www.fs.fed.us/global/to Country Liberia Western Africa References US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation[1] "Liberia contains over 40% of the remaining closed canopy rainforest in West Africa, a sizeable carbon sink. The Forest Service works with the Government of Liberia to reorganize its forest service and forestry sector in the post-conflict era. The US Forest Service helped develop a chain of custody system for tracking timber and a financial management

203

Indonesia-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Climate Projects World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Geothermal, Forestry Topics Background analysis Country Indonesia South-Eastern Asia References World Bank project database[1] Contents 1 World Bank Active Climate Projects in Indonesia 1.1 Pontianak - LFG Recovery Project, Carbon Offset 1.2 Makassar - TPA Tamangapa Landfill Methane Collection and Flaring 1.3 Geothermal Power Generation Development 1.4 Geothermal Clean Energy Investment Project 1.5 ID-PCF-Indonesia Lahendong Geothermal Project 1.6 ID-PCF-Indocement Cement, Carbon Offset 1.7 Bekasi Landfill Gas Flaring, Carbon Offset 2 References World Bank Active Climate Projects in Indonesia Pontianak - LFG Recovery Project, Carbon Offset

204

Peru-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Climate Projects World Bank Climate Projects Jump to: navigation, search Name Peru-World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Hydro, Transportation, Forestry Topics Background analysis Country Peru South America References World Bank Project Database - Peru[1] Contents 1 Active Projects 1.1 Water Resources Management Modernization - IBRD/IDA 1.2 PE Santa Rosa Hydro Carbon Finance 1.3 PERU - Poechos Hydropower Project 1.4 LIMA TRANSPORT 1.5 PE Huaycoloro Landfill Gas Recovery 2 References Active Projects The World Bank currently has the following climate projects active in Peru: Water Resources Management Modernization - IBRD/IDA (10M - Active) PE Santa Rosa Hydro Carbon Finance (1.5M) Carbon Offset PERU - Poechos Hydropower Project (1.2M) Carbon Offset

205

NICCR - National Institute for Climate Change Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the carbon flux of a drained thaw lake basin chronosequence, Potential affects of climate change on carbon balance of polygonized ground; Methane flux in three major land...

206

Future land use plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy`s (DOE) changing mission, coupled with the need to apply appropriate cleanup standards for current and future environmental restoration, prompted the need for a process to determine preferred Future Land Uses for DOE-owned sites. DOE began the ``Future Land Use`` initiative in 1994 to ensure that its cleanup efforts reflect the surrounding communities` interests in future land use. This plan presents the results of a study of stakeholder-preferred future land uses for the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), located in central Long Island, New York. The plan gives the Laboratory`s view of its future development over the next 20 years, as well as land uses preferred by the community were BNL ever to cease operations as a national laboratory (the post-BNL scenario). The plan provides an overview of the physical features of the site including its history, topography, geology/hydrogeology, biological inventory, floodplains, wetlands, climate, and atmosphere. Utility systems and current environmental operations are described including waste management, waste water treatment, hazardous waste management, refuse disposal and ground water management. To complement the physical descriptions of the site, demographics are discussed, including overviews of the surrounding areas, laboratory population, and economic and non-economic impacts.

NONE

1995-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

207

INCCA: Integrated Climate and Carbon  

SciTech Connect

The INCCA (Integrated Climate and Carbon) initiative will develop and apply the ability to simulate the fate and climate impact of fossil fuel-derived carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and aerosols on a global scale. Coupled climate and carbon cycle modeling like that proposed for INCCA is required to understand and predict the future environmental impacts of fossil fuel burning. At present, atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations are prescribed, not simulated, in large climate models. Credible simulations of the entire climate system, however, need to predict time-evolving atmospheric greenhouse forcing using anthropogenic emissions as the fundamental input. Predicting atmospheric COS concentrations represents a substantial scientific advance because there are large natural sources and sinks of carbon that are likely to change as a result of climate change. Both terrestrial (e.g., vegetation on land) and oceanic components of the carbon cycle are known to be sensitive to climate change. Estimates of the amount of man-made CO{sub 2} that will accumulate in the atmosphere depend on understanding the carbon cycle. For this reason, models that use CO{sub 2} emissions, not prescribed atmospheric concentrations, as fundamental inputs are required to directly address greenhouse-related questions of interest to policymakers. INCCA is uniquely positioned to make rapid progress in this high-priority area of global change modeling and prediction because we can leverage previous and ongoing LLNL developments, and use existing component models that are well-developed and published. The need for a vastly improved carbon dioxide prediction capability is appreciated by the DOE. As the US Accelerated Climate Prediction Initiative (ACPI) progresses, we expect the DOE will emphasize the carbon cycle as the next major department-level earth science focus. INCCA will position LLNL for substantial additional funding as this new focus is realized. In the limited time since our LDRD funding was first received (1 November 2000) we have made good progress in acquisition and testing of component models, applications of the terrestrial biosphere model, enhancements to the ocean carbon cycle model and development of the fossil fuel aerosol model.

Thompson, S L

2001-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

208

Sustainable Land Management Through Market-Oriented Commodity...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Livestock Research Institute Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Market analysis, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learnedbest practices...

209

FOCUS COOLING  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

www.datacenterdynamics.com www.datacenterdynamics.com FOCUS COOLING Issue 28, March/April 2013 LBNL'S NOVEL APPROACH TO COOLING Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and APC by Schneider Electric test a unique double-exchanger cooling system LBNL program manager Henry Coles says can cut energy use by half A s part of a demonstration sponsored by the California Energy Commission in support of the Silicon Valley Leadership Group's data center summit, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) collaborated with APC by Schneider Electric to demonstrate a novel prototype data center cooling device. The device was installed at an LBNL data center in Berkeley, California. It included two air-to-water heat exchangers. Unlike common single-heat-exchanger configurations, one of these was supplied with

210

Accelerating Climate Technologies: Innovative Market Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Agriculture Topics: Finance, Market analysis, Policiesdeployment programs Resource Type: Publications, Guidemanual...

211

EOS Land Validation Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EOS Land Validation The EOS Land Validation Project Overview EOS Land Validation Logo The objective of the EOS Land Validation Project is to achieve consistency, completeness,...

212

Argentina-Support for the Preparation of National Climate Change Strategy |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Argentina-Support for the Preparation of National Climate Change Strategy Argentina-Support for the Preparation of National Climate Change Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Argentina Regional Programme for LAC - Support for the preparation of National Climate Change Strategy Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Focus Area Economic Development Website http://www.undp.org.ar/ Country Argentina South America References UNDP - Latin America & the Caribbean[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Program Overview 2.1 Program Focus 2.2 Environment and Sustainable Development 3 References Overview In Argentina , the UNDP has a program of technical cooperation and financial assistance is part of the country's priorities , promotes and provides substantive and technical management support to over 100 projects

213

California Energy Commission California Leadership on Land Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California Energy Commission California Leadership on Land Use and Climate Change California Leadership on Land Use and Climate Change Panama Bartholomy Advisor to the Chairman California Energy Commission New Partners for Smart GrowthNew Partners for Smart Growth Washington, DCWashington, DC February 8

214

Land Use History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study focuses on the cultural-historical environment of the 88,900-acre (35,560-ha) Valles Caldera National Preserve (VCNP) over the past four centuries of Spanish, Mexican, and U.S. governance. It includes a review and synthesis of available published and unpublished historical, ethnohistorical, and ethnographic literature about the human occupation of the area now contained within the VCNP. Documents include historical maps, texts, letters, diaries, business records, photographs, land and mineral patents, and court testimony. This study presents a cultural-historical framework of VCNP land use that will be useful to land managers and researchers in assessing the historical ecology of the property. It provides VCNP administrators and agents the cultural-historical background needed to develop management plans that acknowledge traditional associations with the Preserve, and offers managers additional background for structuring and acting on consultations with affiliated communities.

United States; Forest Service; Kurt F. Anschuetz

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

land-use | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

land-use land-use Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (5 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric hectares km2 land land requirements land use land-use mean photovoltaic photovoltaics PV solar statistics Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Master Solar Land Use Spreadsheet (xlsx, 1.5 MiB)

216

Effect of focused solar power on the structure and phase ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EFFECT OF FOCUSED SOLAR POWER ON THE STRUCTURE ... soldering, single-crystal growing, and remelting in both land-based and space facilities [1].

217

USAID West Africa Climate Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West Africa Climate Program West Africa Climate Program Jump to: navigation, search Name USAID West Africa Climate Program Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Ghana, Togo, Benin, Senegal, Niger, Nigeria, Mali, Liberia, Gambia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Sierra Leone, Mauritania, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Chad, Sao Tome and Principe, Cape Verde Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Western Africa

218

Brazil-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil-World Bank Climate Projects Brazil-World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Transportation Topics Finance, Background analysis Website http://web.worldbank.org/exter Country Brazil UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References World Bank Project Database-Brazil[1] Contents 1 World Bank Active Climate Projects in Brazil 1.1 Sao Paulo Metro Line 5 Project 1.2 BR-GEF Sustainable Transport and Air Quality Project (STAQ) 1.3 First Programmatic Development Policy Loan for Sustainable Environmental Management 1.4 BR Nova Gerar Carbon Finance and Solid Waste Management Project II 1.5 BR Lages Woodwaste Cogeneration 1.6 PCF Sugar Bagasse Cogeneration Project 1.7 Nova Gerar Landfill Rio de Janeiro

219

Assessing Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed Jump to: navigation, search Name Assessing Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed Agency/Company /Organization World Agroforestry Centre Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment Resource Type Publications Website http://www.worldagroforestry.o Country Philippines UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Assessing Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed[1] Assessing Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation: The Case of Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed Screenshot This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it.

220

Philippines-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Climate Projects World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Geothermal Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Country Philippines South-Eastern Asia References World Bank project database[1] Contents 1 World Bank Active Climate Projects in the Philippines 1.1 PH - Chiller Energy Efficiency Project (2.6M) Global Environment Project 1.2 Additional Financing for Rural Power (40M) IBRD/IDA 1.3 Northern Negros Geothermal Power Project (6.76M) Carbon Offset 1.4 20 MW Palinpinon II Geothermal Optimization Project, Carbon Offset 1.5 Laguna de Bay Community Watershed Rehab, Carbon Offset 1.6 Philippines: Northwind Bangui Bay Project (1.4M) Carbon Offset 1.7 EDSA Bus Reduction Project (6M) Carbon Offset

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Economies Forum on Energy and Climate Economies Forum on Energy and Climate Jump to: navigation, search Name Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate Agency/Company /Organization Major Economies Forum Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Conventional Energy, Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Biomass, Solar, Wind, Buildings, Industry, Transportation, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.majoreconomiesforum References MEF[1] Contents 1 Background 2 Technology Action Plans 2.1 Advanced Vehicles 2.2 Bioenergy 2.3 Carbon Capture, Use and Storage 2.4 Energy Efficiency-Buildings Sector 2.5 Energy Efficiency-Industrial Sector 2.6 High-Efficiency, Low-Emissions (HELE) Coal Technologies

222

Climate Change and China's Agricultural Sector: An Overview of Impacts,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China's Agricultural Sector: An Overview of Impacts, China's Agricultural Sector: An Overview of Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation Jump to: navigation, search Name Climate Change and China's Agricultural Sector: An Overview of Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation Agency/Company /Organization International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment Resource Type Publications Website http://ictsd.org/downloads/201 Country China UN Region Eastern Asia References China's Ag Impacts [1] Climate Change and China's Agricultural Sector: An Overview of Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation Screenshot "The overall goal of this paper is to review and document the likely impacts of climate change on China's agricultural production, efforts

223

Development of a Unified Land Model for Prediction of Surface Hydrology and Land–Atmosphere Interactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A unified land model (ULM) is described that combines the surface flux parameterizations in the Noah land surface model (used in most of NOAA’s coupled weather and climate models) with the Sacramento Soil Moisture Accounting model (Sac; used for ...

Ben Livneh; Pedro J. Restrepo; Dennis P. Lettenmaier

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Drilling Waste Management Fact Sheet: Land Application  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Land Application Land Application Fact Sheet - Land Application The objective of applying drilling wastes to the land is to allow the soil's naturally occurring microbial population to metabolize, transform, and assimilate waste constituents in place. Land application is a form of bioremediation, and is important enough to be described in its own fact sheet; other forms of bioremediation are described in a separate fact sheet. Several terms are used to describe this waste management approach, which can be considered both treatment and disposal. In general, land farming refers to the repeated application of wastes to the soil surface, whereas land spreading and land treatment are often used interchangeably to describe the one-time application of wastes to the soil surface. Some practitioners do not follow the same terminology convention, and may interchange all three terms. Readers should focus on the technologies rather than on the specific names given to each process.

225

Research priorities in land use and land-cover change for the Earth system and integrated assessment modelling  

SciTech Connect

This special issue has highlighted recent and innovative methods and results that integrate observations and AQ3 modelling analyses of regional to global aspect of biophysical and biogeochemical interactions of land-cover change with the climate system. Both the Earth System and the Integrated Assessment modeling communities recognize the importance of an accurate representation of land use and land-cover change to understand and quantify the interactions and feedbacks with the climate and socio-economic systems, respectively. To date, cooperation between these communities has been limited. Based on common interests, this work discusses research priorities in representing land use and land-cover change for improved collaboration across modelling, observing and measurement communities. Major research topics in land use and land-cover change are those that help us better understand (1) the interaction of land use and land cover with the climate system (e.g. carbon cycle feedbacks), (2) the provision of goods and ecosystem services by terrestrial (natural and anthropogenic) land-cover types (e.g. food production), (3) land use and management decisions and (4) opportunities and limitations for managing climate change (for both mitigation and adaptation strategies).

Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Janetos, Anthony C.; Van Vuuren, Detlef; Pongratz, Julia; Rose, Steven K.; Betts, Richard; Herold, Martin; Feddema, Johannes J.

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

A Greener Focus: 2012 Ford Focus Electric  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Greener Focus: 2012 Ford Focus Electric Greener Focus: 2012 Ford Focus Electric JOHN DAVIS: With its 2012 re-design, the Focus compact has become Ford's core global program. Focus is already generating offspring, including small vans, a high performance hatchback, and this car - the Ford Focus Electric. It's actually one of only several new plug-ins and hybrids due from the blue oval this year. So let's go for a drive in the EV Focus and see if this green approach means greener pastures for Ford. At first glance, the 2012 Ford Focus Electric doesn't look that much different than the compact, front-

227

EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Building Program Building Program Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP/EC Climate Change Capacity Building Program Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment Website http://www.lowemissiondevelopm

228

Computational load in model physics of the parallel NCAR community climate model  

SciTech Connect

Maintaining a balance of computational load over processors is a crucial issue in parallel computing. For efficient parallel implementation, complex codes such as climate models need to be analyzed for load imbalances. In the present study we focus on the load imbalances in the physics portion of the community climate model`s (CCM2) distributed-memory parallel implementation on the Intel Touchstone DELTA computer. We note that the major source of load imbalance is the diurnal variation in the computation of solar radiation. Convective weather patterns also cause some load imbalance. Land-ocean contrast is seen to have little effect on computational load in the present version of the model.

Michalakes, J.G.; Nanjundiah, R.S.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Making Development Climate Resilient: A World Bank Strategy for Sub-Saharan  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Making Development Climate Resilient: A World Bank Strategy for Sub-Saharan Making Development Climate Resilient: A World Bank Strategy for Sub-Saharan Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Development Climate Resilient: A World Bank Strategy for Sub-Saharan Africa Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy, Land, Climate Focus Area: Economic Development Topics: Implementation, Low emission development planning, Pathways analysis Website: www.uncclearn.org/sites/www.uncclearn.org/files/inventory/WB85.pdf Cost: Free UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

230

Brazil-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization United States Forest Service Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Background analysis Website http://www.fs.fed.us/global/to Country Brazil South America References US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation[1] USFS engagement in Brazil: - Reducing deforestation through improving sustainable forest management ("...supports local partners in Brazil to teach forest technicians, managers and supervisors how to apply forest management principles and reduced-impact logging methods in the Brazilian Amazon") - Forest Monitoring - Remote Sensing - LiDAR - National Forest

231

Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Democratic Republic of Congo-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment

232

Republic of Macedonia-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Macedonia-World Bank Climate Projects Macedonia-World Bank Climate Projects Jump to: navigation, search Name Republic of Macedonia-World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://web.worldbank.org/exter Country Republic of Macedonia UN Region Southern Europe References World Bank-Macedonia[1] World Bank Active Climate Projects in the Republic of Macedonia Sustainable Energy GEF Project Sustainable Energy GEF Project "The development objective of the Sustainable Energy Project of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia is to develop a sustainable market for energy efficiency (EE) and renewable energy (RE) by supporting the development of an enabling framework, institutional capacity, and necessary

233

Mexico-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Mexico-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name Mexico-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization United States Forest Service Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Background analysis Website http://www.fs.fed.us/global/to Country Mexico Central America References US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation[1] "For more than ten years, the US Forest Service has collaborated with the Government of Mexico to provide forest management training and has fostered many opportunities to share the Mexican case study with international groups. The result has often been to inspire innovative incentives that serve multiple purposes: halting deforestation, improving both watershed

234

Object-Oriented Energy, Climate, and Technology Systems (ObjECTS) Global  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Object-Oriented Energy, Climate, and Technology Systems (ObjECTS) Global Object-Oriented Energy, Climate, and Technology Systems (ObjECTS) Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM) Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Object-Oriented Energy, Climate, and Technology Systems (ObjECTS) Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM) Agency/Company /Organization: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, University of Maryland, Joint Global Change Research Institute Sector: Climate, Energy, Land Focus Area: Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Forestry, Hydrogen, Transportation Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application

235

Russia-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name Russia-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization United States Forest Service Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Background analysis Website http://www.fs.fed.us/global/to Country Russia Eastern Europe References US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation[1] "Like the US, Russia contains temperate and boreal forests. The forests share similar species, similar forest health problems, and some common threats. Since the mid-nineties, the US Forest Service has worked with Russian partners, including the State Forestry Service of Russia to: 1) promote sustainable forestry practices, 2) address forest health issues and

236

Development of a Regional Climate Model of the Western Arctic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An Arctic region climate system model has been developed to simulate coupled interactions among the atmosphere, sea ice, ocean, and land surface of the western Arctic. The atmospheric formulation is based upon the NCAR regional climate model ...

Amanda H. Lynch; William L. Chapman; John E. Walsh; Gunter Weller

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Improvements to the NCAR CSM-1 for Transient Climate Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Improvements to the NCAR Climate System Model, CSM-1, primarily for transient climate forcing simulations, are discussed. The impact of the individual changes is assessed through atmosphere–land or ocean–ice experiments, and through short coupled ...

B. A. Boville; J. T. Kiehl; P. J. Rasch; F. O. Bryan

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

1948–98 U.S. Hydrological Reanalysis by the Noah Land Data Assimilation System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land surface variables, such as soil moisture, are among the most important components of memory for the climate system. A more accurate and long time series of land surface data is very important for real-time drought monitoring, for ...

Y. Fan; H. M. Van den Dool; D. Lohmann; K. Mitchell

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Verification and Intercomparison of Multimodel Simulated Land Surface Hydrological Datasets over the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several land surface datasets, such as the observed Illinois soil moisture dataset; three retrospective offline run datasets from the Noah land surface model (LSM), Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) LSM, and Climate Prediction Center leaky ...

Yun Fan; Huug M. van den Dool; Wanru Wu

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

The Rhône-Aggregation Land Surface Scheme Intercomparison Project: An Overview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Rhône-Aggregation (Rhône-AGG) Land Surface Scheme (LSS) intercomparison project is an initiative within the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX)/Global Land–Atmosphere System Study (GLASS) panel of the World Climate Research ...

A. Boone; F. Habets; J. Noilhan; D. Clark; P. Dirmeyer; S. Fox; Y. Gusev; I. Haddeland; R. Koster; D. Lohmann; S. Mahanama; K. Mitchell; O. Nasonova; G.-Y. Niu; A. Pitman; J. Polcher; A. B. Shmakin; K. Tanaka; B. van den Hurk; S. Vérant; D. Verseghy; P. Viterbo; Z.-L. Yang

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

The Effect of Soil and Vegetation Parameters in the ECMWF Land Surface Scheme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) and climate models are sensitive to evapotranspiration at the land surface. This sensitivity requires the prediction of realistic surface moisture and heat fluxes by land surface models that provide the lower ...

H. Richter; A. W. Western; F. H. S. Chiew

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

A Land Data Assimilation System for Soil Moisture and Temperature: An Information Content Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Canadian Land Data Assimilation System (CaLDAS) for the analysis of land surface prognostic variables is designed and implemented at the Meteorological Service of Canada for the initialization of numerical weather prediction and climate models. ...

G. Balsamo; J-F. Mahfouf; S. Bélair; G. Deblonde

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

The Role of an Advanced Land Model in Seasonal Dynamical Downscaling for Crop Model Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An advanced land model [the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Land Model, version 2 (CLM2)] is coupled to the Florida State University (FSU) regional spectral model to improve seasonal surface climate outlooks at very high ...

D. W. Shin; J. G. Bellow; T. E. LaRow; S. Cocke; James J. O'Brien

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Limited-Area Model Sensitivity to the Complexity of Representation of the Land Surface Energy Balance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By coupling a multimode land surface scheme with a regional climate model, three scientific issues are addressed in this paper: (i) the regional model's sensitivity to the different levels of complexity presented by the land surface ...

H. Zhang; A. Henderson-Sellers; A. J. Pitman; C. E. Desborough; J. L. McGregor; J. J. Katzfey

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

The Project for Intercomparison of Land Surface Parameterization Schemes (PILPS): Phases 2 and 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The World Climate Research Programme Project for Intercomparison of Land Surface Parameterization Schemes (PILPS) is moving into its second and third phases that will exploit observational data and consider the performance of land surface schemes ...

A. Henderson-Sellers; A. J. Pitman; P. K. Love; P. Irannejad; T. H. Chen

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Do Global Models Properly Represent the Feedback between Land and Atmosphere?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment/Climate Variability and Predictability (GEWEX/CLIVAR) Global Land–Atmosphere Coupling Experiment (GLACE) has provided an estimate of the global distribution of land–atmosphere coupling strength during ...

Paul A. Dirmeyer; Randal D. Koster; Zhichang Guo

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Climate Registry Information System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Registry Information System Climate Registry Information System Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate Registry Information System Agency/Company /Organization: The Climate Registry Sector: Climate Focus Area: Greenhouse Gas Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed Resource Type: Online calculator User Interface: Website Website: www.theclimateregistry.org/climate-registry-information-system-cris/ Web Application Link: www.theclimateregistry.org/climate-registry-information-systhttps://ww Cost: Free References: General Reporting Protocol[1] The Climate Registry Information System (CRIS) is the official online greenhouse gas calculation, reporting, and verifcation tool for The Climate Registry, a North American registry through which members voluntarily

248

Planning for a Sustainable Nexus of Urban Land Use, Transport and Energy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Land use, transport, and energy systems create demands that are transferred to ecosystems. Urban sprawl is increasing, open space and farmland are disappearing and climate… (more)

Belaieff, Antoine; Moy, Gloria

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Retrieval of Land Surface Albedo from Satellite Observations: A Simulation Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land surface albedo is a critical parameter affecting the earth’s climate and is required by global and regional climatic modeling and surface energy balance monitoring. Surface albedo retrieved from satellite observations at one atmospheric ...

Shunlin Liang; Alan H. Strahler; Charles Walthall

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Biogeochemical and Biophysical Responses of the Land Surface to a Sustained Thermohaline Circulation Weakening  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biotic responses to climate change may constitute significant feedbacks to the climate system by altering biogeochemistry (e.g., carbon storage) or biophysics (i.e., albedo, evapotranspiration, and roughness length) at the land surface. Accurate ...

Paul A. T. Higgins

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Improvements to NOAA’s Historical Merged Land–Ocean Surface Temperature Analysis (1880–2006)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of sea surface and land–near-surface merged temperature anomalies are used to monitor climate variations and to evaluate climate simulations; therefore, it is important to make analyses of these data as accurate as possible. Analysis ...

Thomas M. Smith; Richard W. Reynolds; Thomas C. Peterson; Jay Lawrimore

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

ORISE: Climate and Atmospheric Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate and Atmospheric Research Climate and Atmospheric Research Capabilities Overview U.S. Climate Reference Network U.S. Historical Climate Network Contact Us Oak Ridge Institute for Science Education Climate and Atmospheric Research The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) partners with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Division (ATDD) to conduct climate research focused on issues of national and global importance. Research is performed with personnel support from ORISE's Independent Environmental Assessment and Verification (IEAV) programs, as well as in collaboration with scientists and engineers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and numerous other organizations, government agencies, universities and private research institutions.

253

Land Turtles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Turtles Turtles Nature Bulletin No. 157 May 29, 1948 Forest Preserve District of Cook County William N. Erickson, President Roberts Mann, Supt. of Conservation LAND TURTLES Turtles are four-legged reptiles that originated before the dinosaurs appeared, some 175 million years ago. The distinguishing feature of the turtle is its shell, varying in shape and markings with the different species: an arched upper shell grown fast to the backbone, and a flat lower shell grown fast to the breastbone, the two connected on either side by a bony bridge. In some species, like the box turtles, the lower shell is hinged, enabling the animal to completely conceal its head, tail and limbs by closing the two shells together. Most turtles live in water all or part of the time, but all of them lay their eggs on land, and neither the nest nor the young is attended by the parents. Each species has its own method of nest construction, using the hind legs to dig a hole in the ground, but the eggs are covered and left to be hatched by the heat of the sun. The eggs are relished by many animals such as skunks and squirrels; the young, before their armor hardens, are devoured by birds, mammals, fishes and other turtles.

254

Colombia-UNDP Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNDP Climate Activities UNDP Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Colombia-UNDP Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis Country Colombia South America References UNDP Climate Activities Map[1] UNDP Climate Activities in Colombia Biomass Energy in Colombia (Completed) Colombia Second National Communication to the UNFCCC Integrating Climate Change Risks into National Development Processes and UN Country Programming for the Achievement of the Millennium Development Goals in Colombia Integration of ecosystems and adaptation to climate change in the Colombian Massif National awareness campaign on climate change "Fall in love with your Planet", Colombia Strengthening the National Climate Change Office in Colombia

255

Climate & Environmental Sciences | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate & Environment Climate & Environment SHARE Climate and Environmental Sciences Climate and environmental scientists at ORNL conduct research, develop technology and perform analyses to understand and predict how environmental systems respond to global and regional changes - including climate change, environmental stress and energy production and use. By integrating field and laboratory methods with new theory, modeling, data systems and policy analysis, we develop solutions to complex environmental challenges. ORNL has an increasing programmatic focus on climate change and subsurface biogeochemical research. Current priorities in the area of climate and environmental research are focused on understanding biogeochemical cycling in terrestrial ecosystems by creating new databases and models to inform

256

Climate & Environmental Sciences | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate & Environment Climate & Environment SHARE Climate and Environmental Sciences Climate and environmental scientists at ORNL conduct research, develop technology and perform analyses to understand and predict how environmental systems respond to global and regional changes - including climate change, environmental stress and energy production and use. By integrating field and laboratory methods with new theory, modeling, data systems and policy analysis, we develop solutions to complex environmental challenges. ORNL has an increasing programmatic focus on climate change and subsurface biogeochemical research. Current priorities in the area of climate and environmental research are focused on understanding biogeochemical cycling in terrestrial ecosystems by creating new databases and models to inform

257

Climate & Environment | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate & Environment Climate & Environment SHARE Climate and Environment Climate and environmental scientists at ORNL conduct research, develop technology and perform analyses to understand and predict how environmental systems respond to global and regional changes - including climate change, environmental stress and energy production and use. By integrating field and laboratory methods with new theory, modeling, data systems and policy analysis, we develop solutions to complex environmental challenges. ORNL has an increasing programmatic focus on climate change and subsurface biogeochemical research. Current priorities in the area of climate and environmental research are focused on understanding biogeochemical cycling in terrestrial ecosystems by creating new databases and models to inform

258

Trends in Land–Atmosphere Interactions from CMIP5 Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from 15 models of phase 5 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) for preindustrial, historical, and future climate change experiments are examined for consensus changes in land surface variables, fluxes, and metrics relevant to ...

Paul A. Dirmeyer; Yan Jin; Bohar Singh; Xiaoqin Yan

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Role of land surface processes in South American monsoon development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T. Yasunari, 1998: Monsoons: Processes, pre- dictability,land surface processes in monsoon de- velopment: East AsiaK. -M. Lau, 1998: Does a monsoon climate exist over South

Xue, Y; de Sales, F; Li, W P; Mechoso, C R; Nobre, C A; Juang, H M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Development of a Coupled Land Surface and Groundwater Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditional land surface models (LSMs) used for numerical weather simulation, climate projection, and as inputs to water management decision support systems, do not treat the LSM lower boundary in a fully process-based fashion. LSMs have evolved ...

Reed M. Maxwell; Norman L. Miller

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Land Reclamation and the Resource Extraction Reclamation Act (Florida)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Environmental Protection's Mining Program is responsible for enacting and implementing regulations pertaining to land reclamation. The program primarily focuses on the reclamation...

262

Land use siting considerations for hydrothermal energy facilities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrothermal resources are described and discussion is focused on some of the land use and social considerations involved in siting hydrothermal power plants. (MHR)

Oakes, K.M.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Global Modeling of Land Water and Energy Balances. Part I: The Land Dynamics (LaD) Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple model of large-scale land (continental) water and energy balances is presented. The model is an extension of an earlier scheme with a record of successful application in climate modeling. The most important changes from the original ...

P. C. D. Milly; A. B. Shmakin

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Climate, Community and Biodiversity Project Design Standards | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate, Community and Biodiversity Project Design Standards Climate, Community and Biodiversity Project Design Standards Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate Community and Biodiversity Project Design Standards Agency/Company /Organization: The Climate Community and Biodiversity Alliance Sector: Land Topics: Implementation, Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.climate-standards.org/standards/pdf/ccb_standards_second_edition_d Climate Community and Biodiversity Project Design Standards Screenshot References: Biodiversity Standards[1] "The CCB Standards have become the most widely used and respected international standard for the multiple-benefits of land-based carbon projects." References ↑ "Biodiversity Standards"

265

USGS-Land Cover Institute (LCI) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USGS-Land Cover Institute (LCI) USGS-Land Cover Institute (LCI) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: USGS-Land Cover Institute (LCI) Agency/Company /Organization: United States Geological Survey Sector: Land Focus Area: Land Use Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Maps User Interface: Website Website: landcover.usgs.gov/landcoverdata.php Cost: Free USGS-Land Cover Institute (LCI) Screenshot References: USGS-Land Cover Institute (LCI)[1] "Welcome to the U.S Geological Survey (USGS) Land Cover Institute (LCI). The USGS currently houses the institute at the Center for Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. The LCI will address land cover topics from local to global scales, and in both domestic and international settings. The USGS through the Land Cover Institute

266

Evaluating the Performance of Land Surface Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a set of analytical tools to evaluate the performance of three land surface models (LSMs) that are used in global climate models (GCMs). Predictions of the fluxes of sensible heat, latent heat, and net CO2 exchange obtained ...

Gab Abramowitz; Ray Leuning; Martyn Clark; Andy Pitman

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Sharpening the Focus of Yolo County Land Use Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

amendments also pro- vided a tax exemption for biofuels beginning in 2002 and increased subsi- dies in Ukraine, their reductions were made possible by their wholesale transitions from extremely energy to increased use of wind and biomass, with minor contributions from increased use of biofuels, solar energy

Hammock, Bruce D.

268

Bioenergy and land-use competition in Northeast Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bioenergy and land-use competition in Northeast Brazil Christian Azar Department of Physical of Brazil on "good" versus "bad" lands is investigated. It is shown that the value of the higher yields) lands. The focus of the analysis is on the Northeast of Brazil (NE), where the prospects for dedicated

269

Haiti-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Haiti-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Haiti-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name Haiti-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Haiti Caribbean References CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework[1]

270

Montserrat-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Montserrat-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Montserrat-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name Montserrat-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Montserrat Caribbean References CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework[1]

271

MODIS Land Products Subsets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shaaf, and the FLUXNET validation communities to choose sites and to identify the land products needed for validation. We also worked with MODAPS on subsetting the Land...

272

Africa Land Use (1980)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Africa Land Use (1980) image Brown, S., and G. Gaston. 1996. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates For 1980. ORNLCDIAC-92, NDP-055. Carbon Dioxide Information...

273

Land Validation web site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

web site A web site is now available for the Land Validation project. It was created with the purpose of facilitating communication among MODIS Land Validation Principal...

274

Biofuels, causes of land-use change, and the role of fire in greenhouse gas emissions  

SciTech Connect

IN THEIR REPORTS IN THE 29 FEBRUARY ISSUE ('LAND CLEARING AND THE BIOFUEL CARBON debt,' J. Fargione et al., p. 1235, and 'Use of U.S. croplands for biofuels increases greenhouse gases through emissions from land-use change,' T. Searchinger et al., p. 1238), the authors do not provide adequate support for their claim that biofuels cause high emissions due to land-use change. The conclusions of both papers depend on the misleading premise that biofuel production causes forests and grasslands to be converted to agriculture. However, field research, including a meta-analysis of 152 case studies, consistently finds that land-use change and associated carbon emissions are driven by interactions among cultural, technological, biophysical, political, economic, and demographic forces within a spatial and temporal context rather than by a single crop market. Searchinger et al. assert that soybean prices accelerate clearing of rainforest based on a single citation for a study not designed to identify the causal factors of land clearing. The study analyzed satellite imagery from a single state in Brazil over a 4-year period and focused on land classification after deforestation. Satellite imagery can measure what changed but does little to tell us why. Similarly, Fargione et al. do not rely on primary empirical studies of causes of land-use change. Furthermore, neither fire nor soil carbon sequestration was properly considered in the Reports. Fire's escalating contribution to global climate change is largely a result of burning in tropical savannas and forests. Searchinger et al. postulate that 10.8 million hectares could be needed for future biofuel, a fraction of the 250 to 400 million hectares burned each year between 2000 and 2005. By offering enhanced employment and incomes, biofuels can help establish economic stability and thus reduce the recurring use of fire on previously cleared land as well as pressures to clear more land. Neither Searchinger et al. nor Fargione et al. consider fire as an ongoing land-management tool. In addition, deep-rooted perennial biofuel feedstocks in the tropics could enhance soil carbon storage by 0.5 to 1 metric ton per hectare per year. An improved understanding of the forces behind land-use change leads to more favorable conclusions regarding the potential for biofuels to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

A framework for benchmarking land models  

SciTech Connect

Land models, which have been developed by the modeling community in the past few decades to predict future states of ecosystems and climate, have to be critically evaluated for their performance skills of simulating ecosystem responses and feedback to climate change. Benchmarking is an emerging procedure to measure performance of models against a set of defined standards. This paper proposes a benchmarking framework for evaluation of land model performances and, meanwhile, highlights major challenges at this infant stage of benchmark analysis. The framework includes (1) targeted aspects of model performance to be evaluated, (2) a set of benchmarks as defined references to test model performance, (3) metrics to measure and compare performance skills among models so as to identify model strengths and deficiencies, and (4) model improvement. Land models are required to simulate exchange of water, energy, carbon and sometimes other trace gases between the atmosphere and land surface, and should be evaluated for their simulations of biophysical processes, biogeochemical cycles, and vegetation dynamics in response to climate change across broad temporal and spatial scales. Thus, one major challenge is to select and define a limited number of benchmarks to effectively evaluate land model performance. The second challenge is to develop metrics of measuring mismatches between models and benchmarks. The metrics may include (1) a priori thresholds of acceptable model performance and (2) a scoring system to combine data model mismatches for various processes at different temporal and spatial scales. The benchmark analyses should identify clues of weak model performance to guide future development, thus enabling improved predictions of future states of ecosystems and climate. The near-future research effort should be on development of a set of widely acceptable benchmarks that can be used to objectively, effectively, and reliably evaluate fundamental properties of land models to improve their prediction performance skills.

Luo, Yiqi [University of Oklahoma; Randerson, James T. [University of California, Irvine; Hoffman, Forrest [ORNL; Norby, Richard J [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

A framework for benchmarking land models  

SciTech Connect

Land models, which have been developed by the modeling community in the past few decades to predict future states of ecosystems and climate, have to be critically evaluated for their performance skills of simulating ecosystem responses and feedback to climate change. Benchmarking is an emerging procedure to measure performance of models against a set of defined standards. This paper proposes a benchmarking framework for evaluation of land model performances and, meanwhile, highlights major challenges at this infant stage of benchmark analysis. The framework includes (1) targeted aspects of model performance to be evaluated, (2) a set of benchmarks as defined references to test model performance, (3) metrics to measure and compare performance skills among models so as to identify model strengths and deficiencies, and (4) model improvement. Land models are required to simulate exchange of water, energy, carbon and sometimes other trace gases between the atmosphere and land surface, and should be evaluated for their simulations of biophysical processes, biogeochemical cycles, and vegetation dynamics in response to climate change across broad temporal and spatial scales. Thus, one major challenge is to select and define a limited number of benchmarks to effectively evaluate land model performance. The second challenge is to develop metrics of measuring mismatches between models and benchmarks. The metrics may include (1) a priori thresholds of acceptable model performance and (2) a scoring system to combine data–model mismatches for various processes at different temporal and spatial scales. The benchmark analyses should identify clues of weak model performance to guide future development, thus enabling improved predictions of future states of ecosystems and climate. The near-future research effort should be on development of a set of widely acceptable benchmarks that can be used to objectively, effectively, and reliably evaluate fundamental properties of land models to improve their prediction performance skills.

Luo, Yiqi; Randerson, J.; Abramowitz, G.; Bacour, C.; Blyth, E.; Carvalhais, N.; Ciais, Philippe; Dalmonech, D.; Fisher, J.B.; Fisher, R.; Friedlingstein, P.; Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Hoffman, F. M.; Huntzinger, Deborah; Jones, C.; Koven, C.; Lawrence, David M.; Li, D.J.; Mahecha, M.; Niu, S.L.; Norby, Richard J.; Piao, S.L.; Qi, X.; Peylin, P.; Prentice, I.C.; Riley, William; Reichstein, M.; Schwalm, C.; Wang, Y.; Xia, J. Y.; Zaehle, S.; Zhou, X. H.

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

277

Focus on Obesity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AOCS focuses on obesity with this fully searchable multimedia CD ROM. Focus on Obesity Health Nutrition DVD & CD-ROMs Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Biochemistry AOCS Press AOCS focuses on obesity with this fully searchable multimedia CD ROM.

278

Agriculture and Land Use National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Software | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Agriculture and Land Use National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Software Agriculture and Land Use National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Software Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Agriculture and Land Use National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Software Agency/Company /Organization: Colorado State University Partner: United States Agency for International Development, United States Forest Service, United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry, Agriculture Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.nrel.colostate.edu/projects/ghgtool/index.php Cost: Free Agriculture and Land Use National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Software Screenshot References: Agriculture and Land Use National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Software[1]

279

Strategic Focus Areas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Focus Areas Lockheed Martin on behalf of Sandia National Laboratories will consider grant requests that best support the Corporation's strategic focus areas and reflect effective...

280

Focusing in Linear Accelerators  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Review of the theory of focusing in linear accelerators with comments on the incompatibility of phase stability and first-order focusing in a simple accelerator.

McMillan, E. M.

1950-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Agency/Company /Organization International Food Policy Research Institute Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory Resource Type Publications Website http://www.ifpri.org/sites/def Country Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

282

Climate Investment Funds | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Investment Funds Climate Investment Funds Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Clean Technology Fund Agency/Company /Organization: African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Background analysis Website: www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/cif/ References: Climate Investment Funds[1] Overview The Climate Investment Funds are a unique pair of financing instruments designed to support low-carbon and climate-resilient development through scaled-up financing channeled through the African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development,

283

IAIA Climate Symposiums | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IAIA Climate Symposiums IAIA Climate Symposiums Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: IAIA Climate Symposiums Agency/Company /Organization: International Association for Impact Assessment Sector: Energy, Land Resource Type: Guide/manual, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.iaia.org/default.aspx IAIA Climate Symposiums Screenshot References: IAIA Climate Symposiums[1] "IAIA is a forum for advancing innovation, development, and communication of best practice in impact assessment. Our international membership promotes development of local and global capacity for the application of environmental, social, health and other forms of assessment in which sound science and full public participation provide a foundation for equitable

284

The role of solar absorption in climate and climate change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 The role of solar absorption in climate and climate change William Collins UC Berkeley alter the radiative energy budget of the climate. · We will focus on solar reflection, absorption.43 -0.84 CO2 0.31 0.04 -0.31 (CH4) 0.22 0.40 -0.53 Change in Shortwave Absorption (2000-1860) Solar CH4

285

Climate Collections  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional/Global > Climate Collections Regional/Global > Climate Collections Climate Collections Overview Climate encompasses the statistics of temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, rainfall, atmospheric particle count, and numerous other meteorological elements in a given region over long periods of time. Climate can be contrasted to weather, which is the present condition of these same elements over periods up to two weeks. The climate collections project includes data sets containing measured and modeled values for variables such as temperature, precipitation, humidity, radiation, wind velocity, and cloud cover and include station measurements as well as gridded mean values. The ORNL DAAC Climate Collections Data archive includes 10 data products from the following categories:

286

Validation of Noah-Simulated Soil Temperature in the North American Land Data Assimilation System Phase 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soil temperature can exhibit considerable memory from weather and climate signals and is among the most important initial conditions in numerical weather and climate models. Consequently, a more accurate long-term land surface soil temperature ...

Youlong Xia; Michael Ek; Justin Sheffield; Ben Livneh; Maoyi Huang; Helin Wei; Song Feng; Lifeng Luo; Jesse Meng; Eric Wood

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Use of Satellite-Based Precipitation Observation in Improving the Parameterization of Canopy Hydrological Processes in Land Surface Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precipitation exhibits significant spatial variability at scales much smaller than the typical size of climate model grid cells. Neglecting such subgrid-scale variability in climate models causes unrealistic representation of land–atmosphere flux ...

Dagang Wang; Guiling Wang; Emmanouil N. Anagnostou

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

NICCR - National Institute for Climate Change Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to advance quantitative understanding of the feedbacks between net carbon exchange and climate variabilitychange for all of the NICCR regions (RFP Focus 3). We improve upon...

289

Peru-UNDP Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNDP Climate Activities UNDP Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis Country Peru South America References UNDP Climate Project Map[1] UNDP Climate Activities in Peru Integrated and adaptive management of environmental resources and climatic risks in High Andean micro-watersheds Peru National Capacity Self Assessment (Completed) Peru Second National Communication to the UNFCCC Photovoltaic-based Rural Electrification in Peru (complete) Program to substitute domestic consumption of kerosene with Liquid Petroleum Gas, and substitute traditional wood stoves with efficient wood stoves in Peru Promoting sustainable land management in Las Bambas, Peru Regional Project: Leveraging Carbon Finance for Sustainable

290

Chalmers Climate Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Chalmers Climate Calculator Chalmers Climate Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Chalmers Climate Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: Chalmers University of Technology Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: dhcp2-pc011134.fy.chalmers.se Cost: Free Chalmers Climate Calculator Screenshot References: Chalmers Climate Calculator[1] Logo: Chalmers Climate Calculator " In the Chalmers Climate Calculator the user can decide on when and how fast emissions of CO2 are reduced and what this emissions scenario implies in terms of CO2 concentration and global average surface temperature change. The climate sensitivity and the net aerosol forcing in year 2005

291

Brazil National Plan on Climate Change (PNMC) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

National Plan on Climate Change (PNMC) National Plan on Climate Change (PNMC) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Brazil National Plan on Climate Change (PNMC) Agency/Company /Organization: Government of Brazil Interministerial Committee on Climate Change Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Forestry, Agriculture Topics: Low emission development planning, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications, Case studies/examples Website: www.mma.gov.br/estruturas/imprensa/_arquivos/96_11122008040728.pdf Country: Brazil South America Coordinates: -14.235004°, -51.92528° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-14.235004,"lon":-51.92528,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

292

Center for Climate Strategies Catalog of Policy Options | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Center for Climate Strategies Catalog of Policy Options Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Center for Climate Strategies Catalog of Policy Options Agency/Company /Organization: The Center for Climate Strategies Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics: Policies/deployment programs Website: www.climatestrategies.us/Climate_Policies_Work.cfm Country: United States Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

293

Trinidad and Tobago-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trinidad and Tobago-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Trinidad and Tobago-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name Trinidad and Tobago-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Trinidad and Tobago

294

The Footprint of Urban Areas on Global Climate as Characterized by MODIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One mechanism for climate change is the collected impact of changes in land cover or land use. Such changes are especially significant in urban areas where much of the world’s population lives. Satellite observations provide a basis for ...

Menglin Jin; Robert E. Dickinson; Da Zhang

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Seasonal Surface Air Temperature and Precipitation in the FSU Climate Model Coupled to the CLM2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current Florida State University (FSU) climate model is upgraded by coupling the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Land Model Version 2 (CLM2) as its land component in order to make a better simulation of surface air ...

D. W. Shin; S. Cocke; T. E. LaRow; James J. O’Brien

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Complexity of Snow Schemes in a Climate Model and Its Impact on Surface Energy and Hydrology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three different complexity snow schemes implemented in the ECMWF land surface scheme Hydrology Tiled ECMWF Scheme of Surface Exchanges over Land (HTESSEL) are evaluated within the EC-EARTH climate model. The snow schemes are (i) the original ...

Emanuel Dutra; Pedro Viterbo; Pedro M. A. Miranda; Gianpaolo Balsamo

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

MODIS Land Product Subsets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Validation > MODIS Land Subsets Validation > MODIS Land Subsets MODIS Land Product Subsets Overview Earth, Western Hemisphere The goal of the MODIS Land Product Subsets project is to provide summaries of selected MODIS Land Products for the community to use for validation of models and remote-sensing products and to characterize field sites. Output files contain pixel values of MODIS land products in text format and in GeoTIFF format. In addition, data visualizations (time series plots and grids showing single composite periods) are available. MODIS Land Product Subsets Resources The following MODIS Land Product Subsets resources are maintained by the ORNL DAAC: MODIS Land Products Offered Background Citation Policy Methods and formats MODIS Sinusoidal Grid - Google Earth KMZ Classroom Exercises

298

Focused natural deduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural deduction for intuitionistic linear logic is known to be full of non-deterministic choices. In order to control these choices, we combine ideas from intercalation and focusing to arrive at the calculus of focused natural deduction. The calculus ...

Taus Brock-Nannestad; Carsten Schürmann

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Alternating phase focused linacs  

SciTech Connect

A heavy particle linear accelerator employing rf fields for transverse and ongitudinal focusing as well as acceleration. Drift tube length and gap positions in a standing wave drift tube loaded structure are arranged so that particles are subject to acceleration and succession of focusing and defocusing forces which contain the beam without additional magnetic or electric focusing fields.

Swenson, Donald A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Democratic Republic of Congo-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Growth Planning Support AgencyCompany Organization ClimateWorks, Project Catalyst, McKinsey and Company Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Physically Based Global Downscaling: Climate Change Projections for a Full Century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A global atmosphere–land model with an embedded subgrid orography scheme is used to simulate the period 1977–2100 using ocean surface conditions and radiative constituent concentrations for a climate change scenario. Climate variables simulated ...

Steven J. Ghan; Timothy Shippert

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Strategic Climate Institutions Programme (SCIP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Institutions Programme (SCIP) Climate Institutions Programme (SCIP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Strategic Climate Institutions Programme (SCIP) Agency/Company /Organization United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Low emission development planning Country Ethiopia Eastern Africa References Strategic Climate Institutions Programme[1] Build organisational and institutional capacity within Ethiopian Government, civil society and the private sector to: increase resilience to current climate variability adapt to future climate change benefit from the opportunities for low carbon growth. References ↑ "Strategic Climate Institutions Programme" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Strategic_Climate_Institutions_Programme_(SCIP)&oldid=407108"

303

Land animal sizes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Land animal sizes Name: tamar c Status: NA Age: NA Location: NA Country: NA Date: Around 1993 Question: Why are today's land mammals so much smaller than prehistoric mammals?...

304

The Common Land Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Common Land Model (CLM) was developed for community use by a grassroots collaboration of scientists who have an interest in making a general land model available for public use and further development. The major model characteristics include ...

Yongjiu Dai; Xubin Zeng; Robert E. Dickinson; Ian Baker; Gordon B. Bonan; Michael G. Bosilovich; A. Scott Denning; Paul A. Dirmeyer; Paul R. Houser; Guoyue Niu; Keith W. Oleson; C. Adam Schlosser; Zong-Liang Yang

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

School Land Board (Texas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The School Land Board oversees the use of land owned by the state or held in trust for use and benefit by the state or one of its departments, boards, or agencies. The Board is responsible for...

306

NREL: Climate Neutral Research Campuses - Implementing the Climate Action  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Implementing the Climate Action Plan Implementing the Climate Action Plan When implementing climate action plans on research campuses, two important and related questions must be answered. How do we pay for climate actions? And, who will manage and oversee implementation of the plan? The answer to each question will be specific to your campus. Narrow climate action plans focus on incremental savings through low-cost and voluntary measures. This approach begs the question about what should be done after the short-term, incremental improvements are completed. In contrast, a portfolio approach can help achieve deep reductions in energy consumption and move toward campus-wide climate neutrality. Build a Portfolio After considering a wide array of individual measures, a single portfolio is created for implementation. This approach allows research campuses to

307

LBA Land Use and Land Cover Data Set Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Land Use and Land Cover Data Set Released The ORNL DAAC announces the release of an image data set from the Land Use and Land Cover science theme, a component of the LBA-ECO Large...

308

ARM Climate Research Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recovery Act Recovery Act Learn about ARM's efforts. The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility is a U.S. Department of Energy scientific user facility, providing data from strategically located in situ and remote sensing observatories around the world. [ Live Data Displays ] Featured Data 09.19.2013 New ARM Best Estimate Land Product Contains Critical Soil Quantities for Describing Land Properties 09.12.2013 Value-Added Product Estimates Planetary Boundary Layer Height from Radiosondes 08.29.2013 New Data Available for Precipitation Value-Added Product Feature12.30.2013 Pole Position: New Field Campaigns Explore Arctic and Antarctic Atmosphere Pole Position: New Field Campaigns Explore Arctic and Antarctic Atmosphere For the first time, ARM ventures to Antarctica for one of several newly

309

Influence of Land Cover Change on Regional Water Cycles in Eastern Siberia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study evaluated the effect of recent eastern Siberian land surface changes, such as water surface expansion, on water-energy fluxes and precipitation and focused on land surface parameters using a three-dimensional atmospheric model [the ...

Ryuhei Yoshida; Masahiro Sawada; Takeshi Yamazaki; Takeshi Ohta; Tetsuya Hiyama

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Focus on Solar Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Focus on Solar Energy. Why a net-zero energy house? ... Solar Energy Presentation. Additional information, tools, weblinks, and photos from the day. ...

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

311

Study Climate and Global Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

What We Study How We Study Prepare The Nation For Change Assess the U.S. Climate Make Our Science Accessible Link Climate Change & Health Provide Data and Tools Coordinate Internationally Study Climate and Global Change Print E-mail Deforestation What is global change? "Global change" refers to changes in the global environment that may alter the capacity of the Earth to sustain life. This includes alterations in: Climate Land productivity Oceans or other water resources Atmospheric chemistry Ecological systems Demographic and socioeconomic trends What is global change research? According to the Global Change Research Act of 1990, "Global change research" refers to the study, monitoring, assessment, prediction, and information management activities used to describe and understand the:

312

Recent land-cover/use change associated with land degradation in the Lake Baringo catchment, Kenya, East Africa: evidence from Landsat TM and ETM+  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many parts of East Africa are experiencing dramatic changes in land-cover/use at a variety of spatial and temporal scales, due to both climatic variability and human activities. Information about such changes is often required for planning, management, ...

L. M. Kiage; K. -B. Liu; N. D. Walker; N. Lam; O. K. Huh

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) (Redirected from Climate Analysis Indicators Tool) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: WRI Climate Analysis Indicators Tool Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute Sector: Climate, Energy, Land Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Dataset, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: cait.wri.org/ Language: English WRI Climate Analysis Indicators Tool Screenshot References: Climate Analysis Indicators Tool[1] CAIT is the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool -- an information and analysis tool on global climate change. It provides a comprehensive and comparable database of greenhouse gas emissions data (including all major sources and sinks) and other climate-relevant indicators. CAIT can be used to analyze a

314

Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: WRI Climate Analysis Indicators Tool Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute Sector: Climate, Energy, Land Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Dataset, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: cait.wri.org/ Language: English WRI Climate Analysis Indicators Tool Screenshot References: Climate Analysis Indicators Tool[1] CAIT is the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool -- an information and analysis tool on global climate change. It provides a comprehensive and comparable database of greenhouse gas emissions data (including all major sources and sinks) and other climate-relevant indicators. CAIT can be used to analyze a wide range of climate-related data questions and to help support future

315

Kenya-UNDP Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNDP Climate Activities UNDP Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis UN Region Eastern Africa References UNDP Climate Projects Map [1] UNDP Climate Projects in Kenya Coping with Drought & Climate Change Coping with Drought & Climate Change Coping with drought and climate change Coping with Drought and Climate Change Coping with Drought and Climate Change (4KEN05410) Development and Implementation of a Standards and Labelling Programme in Kenya Kenya Sustainable Transport Development: "Road Bypass Constructions" on Major Urban Centres along the Northern Corridor in Kenya Regional Project Building capacity in sub-Saharan Africa to respond to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC (Completed)

316

Saint Lucia-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Saint Lucia-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name Saint Lucia-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009

317

Climate Change Modeling:Computational Opportunities and Challenges  

SciTech Connect

High- delity climate models are the workhorses of modern climate change sciences. In this article, the authors focus on several computational issues associated with climate change modeling, covering simulation methodologies, temporal and spatial modeling restrictions, the role of high-end computing, as well as the importance of data-driven regional climate impact modeling.

Wang, Dali [ORNL; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL; Wilson, Bruce E [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

World Climate Research Programme's (WCRP) Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 3 (CMIP3) Multi-Model Dataset Archive at PCMDI (Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

In response to a proposed activity of the WCRP's Working Group on Coupled Modelling (WGCM),PCMDI volunteered to collect model output contributed by leading modeling centers around the world. Climate model output from simulations of the past, present and future climate was collected by PCMDI mostly during the years 2005 and 2006, and this archived data constitutes phase 3 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP3). In part, the WGCM organized this activity to enable those outside the major modeling centers to perform research of relevance to climate scientists preparing the Fourth Asssessment Report (AR4) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The IPCC was established by the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environmental Program to assess scientific information on climate change. The IPCC publishes reports that summarize the state of the science. This unprecedented collection of recent model output is officially known as the WCRP CMIP3 multi-model dataset. It is meant to serve IPCC's Working Group 1, which focuses on the physical climate system - atmosphere, land surface, ocean and sea ice - and the choice of variables archived at the PCMDI reflects this focus. A more comprehensive set of output for a given model may be available from the modeling center that produced it. As of November 2007, over 35 terabytes of data were in the archive and over 303 terabytes of data had been downloaded among the more than 1200 registered users. Over 250 journal articles, based at least in part on the dataset, have been published or have been accepted for peer-reviewed publication. Countries from which models have been gathered include Australia, Canada, China, France, Germany and Korea, Italy, Japan, Norway, Russia, Great Britain and the United States. Models, variables, and documentation are collected and stored. Check http://www-pcmdi.llnl.gov/ipcc/data_status_tables.htm to see at a glance the output that is available. (Description taken from http://www-pcmdi.llnl.gov/ipcc/about_ipcc.php)

319

Three Essays on Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation in Agriculture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation investigates three economic aspects of the climate change issue: optimal allocation of investment between adaptation and mitigation, impacts on a ground water dependent regional agricultural economy and effects on global food insecurity. This is done in three essays by applying mathematical programming. In the first essay, a modeling study is done on optimal temporal investment between climate change adaptation and mitigation considering their relative contributions to damage reduction and diversion of funds from consumption and other investments. To conduct this research, we extend the widely used Integrated Assessment Model?DICE (Dynamic Integrated Climate Economy) adding improved adaptation modeling. The model results suggest that the joint implementation of adaptation and mitigation is welfare improving with a greater immediate role for adaptation. In the second essay, the research focuses on the ground water dependent agricultural economy in the Texas High Plains Region. A regionally detailed dynamic land allocation model is developed and applied for studying interrelationships between limited natural resources (e.g. land and groundwater), climate change, bioenergy demands and agricultural production. We find out that the effect varies regionally across hydrologically heterogeneous regions. Also, water availability has a substantial impact on feedstock mix. In terms of biofuel feedstock production, the model results show that limited water resource cannot sustain expanded corn-based ethanol production in the future. In the third essay, a Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model is applied in an attempt to study potential impacts of climate change on global food insecurity. Our results show that climate change alters the number of food insecure people in a regionally different fashion over time. In general, the largest increase of additional food insecure population relative to the reference case (no climate change) is found in Africa and South Asia, while most of developed countries will benefit from climate change with a reduced proportion of food insecure population. In general, climate change affects world agricultural production and food security. Integrated adaptation and mitigation strategy is more effective in reducing climate change damages. However, there are synergies/trade-offs between these two options, particularly in regions with limited natural resources.

Wang, Wei Wei

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Climate Science Overview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Home > Climate Science Overview. NIST Greenhouse Gas Measurements and Climate Research Program Overview. Earth's climate is ...

2010-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Evaluating climate models: Should we use weather or climate observations?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calling the numerical models that we use for simulations of climate change 'climate models' is a bit of a misnomer. These 'general circulation models' (GCMs, AKA global climate models) and their cousins the 'regional climate models' (RCMs) are actually physically-based weather simulators. That is, these models simulate, either globally or locally, daily weather patterns in response to some change in forcing or boundary condition. These simulated weather patterns are then aggregated into climate statistics, very much as we aggregate observations into 'real climate statistics'. Traditionally, the output of GCMs has been evaluated using climate statistics, as opposed to their ability to simulate realistic daily weather observations. At the coarse global scale this may be a reasonable approach, however, as RCM's downscale to increasingly higher resolutions, the conjunction between weather and climate becomes more problematic. We present results from a series of present-day climate simulations using the WRF ARW for domains that cover North America, much of Latin America, and South Asia. The basic domains are at a 12 km resolution, but several inner domains at 4 km have also been simulated. These include regions of complex topography in Mexico, Colombia, Peru, and Sri Lanka, as well as a region of low topography and fairly homogeneous land surface type (the U.S. Great Plains). Model evaluations are performed using standard climate analyses (e.g., reanalyses; NCDC data) but also using time series of daily station observations. Preliminary results suggest little difference in the assessment of long-term mean quantities, but the variability on seasonal and interannual timescales is better described. Furthermore, the value-added by using daily weather observations as an evaluation tool increases with the model resolution.

Oglesby, Robert J [ORNL; Erickson III, David J [ORNL

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Climate Indices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Indices Indices Climate Indices Climate indices are diagnostic tools used to describe the state of the climate system and monitor climate. They are most often represented with a time series, where each point in time corresponds to one index value. An index can be constructed to describe almost any atmospheric event; as such, they are myriad. Therefore, CDIAC provides these links to other web sites to help guide users to the most widely used climate indices, which in many cases are updated monthly. Data Set Website/Name NOAA's Climate Prediction Center, Monitoring and Data Index Page NOAA's Earth Systems Research Laboratory, Monthly Atmospheric and Ocean Time Series Page (plot, analyze, and compare time series) The Monthly Teleconnection Indices Page from NOAA's National

323

Since 1995, under its Land Legacy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

program, The Conservation Fund has helped protect 272,751 acres and raised $15 million for land protection. The Conservation Fund has launched the final phase of its American Land Legacy initiative to protect 200 sites around the country by 2001. The effort focuses on acquisition of threatened landscapes, critical wildlife habitat, watershed areas, prime outdoor recreational opportunities, key historical sites and community greenways. Since starting the project in 1995, the Fund and its partners have protected 1,300 acres per week. As part of the Land Legacy initiative, the Fund is working to triple the size of its revolving fund, which is used solely to finance land protection, to $30 million. “With our new resources, the Fund will be able to move more effectively to save valuable land under threat of development, ” said John Turner, the Fund’s president and chief executive officer. “As we move into a new century, this effort will provide us with new tools to address the growing needs of the conservation community.” The third component of the Land Legacy program involves the expansion of educational opportunities to bolster the leadership skills of conservation professionals. Land legacy sites: The Fund’s Legacy initiative has helped preserve 85 natural, cultural and managed landscapes covering 272,751 acres valued at $222 million and acquired at a cost of $86 million. Continued on page 6

unknown authors

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Mozambique-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Jump to: navigation, search Name Mozambique-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Agency/Company /Organization International Institute for Environment and Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Biomass, - Biofuels, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Implementation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Case studies/examples Website http://www.iied.org/pubs/pdfs/ Country Mozambique UN Region Eastern Africa References Mozambique-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods[1] Mozambique-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Screenshot Background "This report documents how the spread of biofuels is affecting land access for poorer groups in Mozambique, and what actions are being taken,

325

Solving the Puzzle: Researching the Impacts of Climate ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 18, 2010 ... The NSF report describes the impact of changes in climate on the sky, sea, ice, land, life and people. nsf09202 Solving the Puzzle-Researching ...

326

Vegetation Feedbacks to Climate in the Global Monsoon Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vegetation feedbacks on climate, on the subannual time scale, are examined across six monsoon regions with a fully coupled atmosphere–ocean–ice–land model with dynamic vegetation. Initial value ensemble experiments are run in which the total ...

Michael Notaro; Guangshan Chen; Zhengyu Liu

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

A GCM Simulation of the Climate 6000 Years Ago  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two 10-yr integrations of the UGAMP GCM are presented. Each has a full seasonal cycle, T42 resolution, interactive land and sea ice, and prescribed sea surface temperatures. They differ in that one integration represents present day climate (PD) ...

Nicholas M. J. Hall; Paul J. Valdes

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Mali-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Agriculture Topics Background analysis Website http:...

329

EOS Land Validation Presentations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EOS Land Validation Presentations EOS Land Validation Presentations Meeting: Land Cover Validation Workshop Date: February 2, 2004 Place: Boston, MA Title: Validation Data Support Activities at the ORNL DAAC (Power Point) Presenter: Bob Cook Meeting: Fall 2003 American Geophysical Union (AGU) Meeting Date: December 9, 2003 Place: San Francisco, CA Title: Ground-Based Data Supporting the Validation of MODIS Land Products (Power Point) Presenter: Larry Voorhees Meeting: Terra and Aqua Products Review Date: March 2003 Place: NASA HQ Title: Supporting the Validation of MODIS Land Products (Power Point) Presenter: Larry Voorhees Meeting: Terra and Aqua Products Review Date: March 2003 Place: NASA HQ Title: MODIS Land Summary (Power Point) Presenter: Chris Justice, University of Maryland Meeting: Spring 2002 American Geophysical Union (AGU) Meeting

330

(Re) Considering Cattle Farming in Southern Africa under a Changing Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scientists in southern Africa and elsewhere focusing on climate change and agriculture are increasingly demonstrating how livestock, as a highly climate sensitive sector, may be affected by climate change. The Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) of the ...

E. R. M. Archer van Garderen

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Focus Group I  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CARBON SEQUESTRATION - A COMMUNITY FOCUS GROUP STUDY OF CARBON SEQUESTRATION - A COMMUNITY FOCUS GROUP STUDY OF ATTITUDES IN WILLISTON, NORTH DAKOTA Sheila K. Hanson, Energy & Environmental Research Center Daniel J. Daly, Energy & Environmental Research Center Edward N. Steadman, Energy & Environmental Research Center John A. Harju, Energy & Environmental Research Center June 2005 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In April 2005, representatives of the Plains CO 2 Reduction (PCOR) Partnership, led by the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) at the University of North Dakota, held two focus groups in Williston, North Dakota. A total of sixteen people participated; seven on April 20 and nine on April 21. The purpose of the focus group research was to gain insight into the public perception of carbon sequestration from

332

Focus on trans Fat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This comprehensive CD-ROM contains a surplus of information regarding trans fats. Focus on trans Fat Health Nutrition Biochemistry Trans DVD & CD-ROMs Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Food Science This comprehensive CD-ROM contains a

333

Focus on Biodiesel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AOCS spotlights the topic of renewable energy with this comprehensive CD-ROM containing various Powerpoint presentations, abstracts, book chapters, technical tables, biodiesel standards, and numerous links to Internet resources. Focus on Biodiesel Biofuel

334

MODIS Land Products Subsets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ORNL DAAC MODIS Land Product Subsets MODIS Collection 5 Global Subsetting and Visualization Tool Create subset for user selected site, area, product, and time period. Data for...

335

MODIS Land Products Subsets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Citation When using subsets of MODIS Land Products from the ORNL DAAC, please use the citation: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center (ORNL DAAC). 2011....

336

National Land Cover Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

products was done by the Multi-Resolution Land Characterization Consortium and EROS Data Center (U.S. Geological Survey). The Consortium includes the Environmental Monitoring and...

337

Sugar Land, TX -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Petroleum Engineering Alumnus Recognized by Secretary of Energy for Work at National Lab Sugar Land, TX - The National Energy Technology Laboratory is proud to announce that...

338

A Decade of Climate Scenarios – The Ouranos Consortium Modus Operandi  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ouranos is a nonprofit consortium launched in 2002 with the mandate to provide climate services to its governmental, academic and private partners. These services have focused on the impacts of climate change in the province of Québec, the identification ...

David Huard; Diane Chaumont; Travis Logan; Marie-France Sottile; Ross D. Brown; Blaise Gauvin St-Denis; Patrick Grenier; Marco Braun

339

Harmonization of Land-Use Scenarios for the Period 1500-2100: 600 Years of Global Gridded Annual Land-Use Transitions, Wood Harvest, and Resulting Secondary Lands  

SciTech Connect

In preparation for the fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the international community is developing new advanced Earth System Models (ESM) to assess the combined effects of human activities (e.g. land use and fossil fuel emissions) on the carbon-climate system. In addition, four Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) scenarios of the future (2005-2100) are being provided by four Integrated Assessment Model (IAM) teams to be used as input to the ESMs for future carbon-climate projections (Moss et al., 2010). The diversity of approaches and requirements among IAMs and ESMs for tracking land-use change, along with the dependence of model projections on land-use history, presents a challenge for effectively passing data between these communities and for smoothly transitioning from the historical estimates to future projections. Here, a harmonized set of land-use scenarios are presented that smoothly connects historical reconstructions of land use with future projections, in the format required by ESMs.

Hurtt, George; Chini, Louise Parsons; Frolking, Steve; Betts, Richard; Feddema, Johannes; Fischer, Gavin M.; Fisk, J.P.; Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Houghton, R. A.; Janetos, Anthony C.; Jones, C.; Kindermann, G.; Kinoshita, Tsuguki; Goldeweijk, Kees K.; Riahi, Keywan; Shevliakova, Elena; Smith, Steven J.; Stehfest, Eike; Thomson, Allison M.; Thornton, P.; Van Vuuren, Detlef; Wang, Y.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

340

A mechanism for landocean contrasts in global monsoon trends in a warming climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A mechanism for land­ocean contrasts in global monsoon trends in a warming climate J. Fasullo of the global monsoon record involves reported decreases in rainfall over land during an era in which the global in the monsoons in a warming climate while bolstering the concept of the global monsoon in the context of shared

Fasullo, John

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Climate impacts of bioenergy: Inclusion of carbon cycle and albedo dynamics in life cycle impact assessment  

SciTech Connect

Life cycle assessment (LCA) can be an invaluable tool for the structured environmental impact assessment of bioenergy product systems. However, the methodology's static temporal and spatial scope combined with its restriction to emission-based metrics in life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) inhibits its effectiveness at assessing climate change impacts that stem from dynamic land surface-atmosphere interactions inherent to all biomass-based product systems. In this paper, we focus on two dynamic issues related to anthropogenic land use that can significantly influence the climate impacts of bioenergy systems: i) temporary changes to the terrestrial carbon cycle; and ii) temporary changes in land surface albedo-and illustrate how they can be integrated within the LCA framework. In the context of active land use management for bioenergy, we discuss these dynamics and their relevancy and outline the methodological steps that would be required to derive case-specific biogenic CO{sub 2} and albedo change characterization factors for inclusion in LCIA. We demonstrate our concepts and metrics with application to a case study of transportation biofuel sourced from managed boreal forest biomass in northern Europe. We derive GWP indices for three land management cases of varying site productivities to illustrate the importance and need to consider case- or region-specific characterization factors for bioenergy product systems. Uncertainties and limitations of the proposed metrics are discussed. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A method for including temporary surface albedo and carbon cycle changes in Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) is elaborated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Concepts are applied to a single bioenergy case whereby a range of feedstock productivities are shown to influence results. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Results imply that case- and site-specific characterization factors can be essential for a more informed impact assessment. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Uncertainties and limitations of the proposed methodologies are elaborated.

Bright, Ryan M., E-mail: ryan.m.bright@ntnu.no; Cherubini, Francesco; Stromman, Anders H.

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

342

Impact of Increasing Urban Density on Local Climate: Spatial and Temporal Variations in the Surface Energy Balance in Melbourne, Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variations in urban surface characteristics are known to alter the local climate through modification of land surface processes that influence the surface energy balance and boundary layer and lead to distinct urban climates. In Melbourne, ...

Andrew M. Coutts; Jason Beringer; Nigel J. Tapper

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Climatic Impact of Vegetation Change in the Asian Tropical Region. Part I: Case of the Northern Hemisphere Summer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several numerical simulations were performed, using a global climate model that includes a realistic land surface model, to investigate the impact of Asian tropical vegetation changes on the climate. The control simulation, under conditions of ...

Kazuo Mabuchi; Yasuo Sato; Hideji Kida

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

A Comparison of the Noah and OSU Land Surface Models in the ECPC Seasonal Forecast Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Noah land surface model (LSM) has recently been implemented into the Experimental Climate Prediction Center’s (ECPC’s) global Seasonal Forecast Model (SFM). Its performance is compared to the older ECPC SFM with the Oregon State University (...

Laurel L. De Haan; Masao Kanamitsu; Cheng-Hsuan Lu; John O. Roads

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Assimilation of Satellite-Derived Skin Temperature Observations into Land Surface Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land surface (or “skin”) temperature (LST) lies at the heart of the surface energy balance and is a key variable in weather and climate models. In this research LST retrievals from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) are ...

Rolf H. Reichle; Sujay V. Kumar; Sarith P. P. Mahanama; Randal D. Koster; Q. Liu

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

A Conjunctive Surface–Subsurface Flow Representation for Mesoscale Land Surface Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most current land surface models used in regional weather and climate studies capture soil-moisture transport in only the vertical direction and are therefore unable to capture the spatial variability of soil moisture and its lateral transport. ...

Hyun Il Choi; Xin-Zhong Liang; Praveen Kumar

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Using the Special Sensor Microwave/Imager to Monitor Land Surface Temperatures, Wetness, and Snow Cover  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The worldwide network of in situ land surface temperatures archived in near-real time at the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) has limited applications, since many areas are poorly represented or provide no observations. Satellite measurements ...

Alan Basist; Norman C. Grody; Thomas C. Peterson; Claude N. Williams

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

A Conjunctive Surface-Subsurface Flow Representation for Mesoscale Land Surface Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most current land surface models used in regional weather and climate studies capture soil-moisture transport in only the vertical direction and are therefore unable to capture the spatial variability of soil-moisture and its lateral transport. ...

Hyun Il Choi; Xin–Zhong Liang; Praveen Kumar

349

Use of NDVI and Land Surface Temperature for Drought Assessment: Merits and Limitations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large number of water- and climate-related applications, such as drought monitoring, are based on spaceborne-derived relationships between land surface temperature (LST) and the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI). The majority of ...

Arnon Karnieli; Nurit Agam; Rachel T. Pinker; Martha Anderson; Marc L. Imhoff; Garik G. Gutman; Natalya Panov; Alexander Goldberg

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

A Factorial Assessment of the Sensitivity of the BATS Land-Surface Parameterization Scheme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land-surface schemes developed for incorporation into global climate models include parameterizations that are not yet fully validated and depend upon the specification of a large (20–50) number of ecological and soil parameters, the values of ...

A. Henderson-Sellers

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Drought and Deforestation: Has land cover change influenced recent precipitation extremes in the Amazon?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Expansion of agricultural lands and inherent variability of climate can influence the water cycle in the Amazon basin, impacting numerous ecosystem services. However, these two influences do not work independently of each other. With two once-in-a-...

Justin E. Bagley; Ankur R. Desai; Keith J. Harding; Peter K. Snyder; Jonathan A. Foley

352

The Predictive Uncertainty of Land Surface Fluxes in Response to Increasing Ambient Carbon Dioxide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The exchange of water vapor and carbon dioxide (CO2) between the land surface and the atmosphere plays an important role in numerical weather forecasting and climate change prediction using general circulation models. In this study, a typical ...

Karsten Schulz; Andrew Jarvis; Keith Beven; Henrik Soegaard

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Estimation of turbulent surface heat fluxes using sequences of remotely sensed land surface temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluxes of heat and moisture at the land-surface play a significant role in the climate system. These fluxes interact with the overlying atmosphere and influence the characteristics of the planetary boundary layer (e.g. ...

Bateni, Sayed Mohyeddin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Quantifying Land Surface Temperature Variability for Two Sahelian Mesoscale Regions during the Wet Season  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land–atmosphere feedbacks play an important role in the weather and climate of many semiarid regions. These feedbacks are strongly controlled by how the surface responds to precipitation events, which regulate the return of heat and moisture to ...

Martin G. De Kauwe; Christopher M. Taylor; Philip P. Harris; Graham P. Weedon; Richard. J. Ellis

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

The Relationship between Land–Ocean Surface Temperature Contrast and Radiative Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous work has demonstrated that observed and modeled climates show a near-time-invariant ratio of mean land to mean ocean surface temperature change under transient and equilibrium global warming. This study confirms this in a range of ...

F. Hugo Lambert; Mark J. Webb; Manoj M. Joshi

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Evolving Land–Atmosphere Interactions over North America from CMIP5 Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-term changes in land–atmosphere interactions during spring and summer are examined over North America. A suite of models from phase 5 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project simulating preindustrial, historical, and severe future climate ...

Paul A. Dirmeyer; Yan Jin; Bohar Singh; Xiaoqin Yan

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

The Annual Cycle of the Energy Budget. Part I: Global Mean and Land–Ocean Exchanges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mean and annual cycle of energy flowing into the climate system and its storage, release, and transport in the atmosphere, ocean, and land surface are estimated with recent observations. An emphasis is placed on establishing internally ...

John T. Fasullo; Kevin E. Trenberth

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Climate mitigation and the future of tropical landscapes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land use change to meet 21st Century demands for food, fuel, and fiber will occur in the context of both a changing climate as well as societal efforts to mitigate climate change. This changing natural and human environment will have large consequences for forest resources, terrestrial carbon storage and emissions, and food and energy crop production over the next century. Any climate change mitigation policies enacted will change the environment under which land-use decisions are made and alter global land use change patterns. Here we use the GCAM integrated assessment model to explore how climate mitigation policies that achieve a climate stabilization at 4.5 W m-2 radiative forcing in 2100 and value carbon in terrestrial ecosystems interact with future agricultural productivity and food and energy demands to influence land use in the tropics. The regional land use results are downscaled from GCAM regions to produce gridded maps of tropical land use change. We find that tropical forests are preserved only in cases where a climate mitigation policy that values terrestrial carbon is in place, and crop productivity growth continues throughout the century. Crop productivity growth is also necessary to avoid large scale deforestation globally and enable the production of bioenergy crops. The terrestrial carbon pricing assumptions in GCAM are effective at avoiding deforestation even when cropland must expand to meet future food demand.

Thomson, Allison M.; Calvin, Katherine V.; Chini, Louise Parsons; Hurtt, George; Edmonds, James A.; Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin; Frolking, Steve; Wise, Marshall A.; Janetos, Anthony C.

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

359

Rwanda-Developing a Strategic Climate Change Framework | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rwanda-Developing a Strategic Climate Change Framework Rwanda-Developing a Strategic Climate Change Framework (Redirected from CDKN-Rwanda-Developing a Strategic Climate Change Framework) Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-Rwanda-Developing a Strategic Climate Change Framework and Design of a Climate Change and Environmental Fund Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner REMA, Government of Rwanda Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/a-stra Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Rwanda UN Region Middle Africa References CDKN-Rwanda-Developing a Strategic Climate Change Framework[1] Rwanda's ambitious Green Growth and Climate Resilience Strategy was

360

The Climate Investment Funds-Business Guide | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Climate Investment Funds-Business Guide The Climate Investment Funds-Business Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Climate Investment Funds-Business Guide Agency/Company /Organization: World Business Council for Sustainable Development, firstclimate Sector: Energy, Land, Climate Topics: Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/cif/sites/climateinvestmentfunds.org/fi RelatedTo: Climate Investment Funds Cost: Free The Climate Investment Funds-Business Guide Screenshot References: The Climate Investment Funds-Business Guide[1] This business guide to the Climate Investment Funds aims to create awareness in the business community about the Climate Investment Funds and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

NERSC Calculations Provide Independent Confirmation of Global Land Warming  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calculations Calculations Provide Independent Confirmation of Global Land Warming Since 1901 NERSC Calculations Provide Independent Confirmation of Global Land Warming Since 1901 September 9, 2013 | Tags: Climate Research, Hopper Contact: Jon Bashor, jbashor@lbl.gov, 510-486-5849 campo.jpg These maps show the changes in air temperatures over land as measured using thermometers (left side) and as calculated by the 20th Century Reanalysis project (left side). While more than 80 percent of the observed variation is captured by the computer model, the results show interesting differences in some regions such as the midwestern United States, Argentina and eastern Brazil. The differences may be due previously unrecognized issues with the pressure observations, variations in land use and land cover over time,

362

Abrupt Climate Change Scenario Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Abrupt Climate Change Scenario Technologies Abrupt Climate Change Scenario Technologies Speaker(s): Tina Kaarsberg Date: April 27, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Jayant Sathaye This talk examines the potential for several types of technologies that hitherto have not been a focus of U.S. climate technology planning. It was inspired by the latest climate science data and modeling which suggest that an abrupt warming (+10oF in 10 years), is an increasingly plausible scenario. The technologies described in the session rapidly reduce the risk of climate change and increase our ability to respond quickly. All of the technologies also have other public benefits. (Summary follows): For more information about this seminar, please contact: JoAnne Lambert 510.486.4835, or send e-mail to JMLambert@lbl.gov

363

Decontamination & decommissioning focus area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In January 1994, the US Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (DOE EM) formally introduced its new approach to managing DOE`s environmental research and technology development activities. The goal of the new approach is to conduct research and development in critical areas of interest to DOE, utilizing the best talent in the Department and in the national science community. To facilitate this solutions-oriented approach, the Office of Science and Technology (EM-50, formerly the Office of Technology Development) formed five Focus AReas to stimulate the required basic research, development, and demonstration efforts to seek new, innovative cleanup methods. In February 1995, EM-50 selected the DOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) to lead implementation of one of these Focus Areas: the Decontamination and Decommissioning (D & D) Focus Area.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Sagittal focusing Laue monochromator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An x-ray focusing device generally includes a slide pivotable about a pivot point defined at a forward end thereof, a rail unit fixed with respect to the pivotable slide, a forward crystal for focusing x-rays disposed at the forward end of the pivotable slide and a rearward crystal for focusing x-rays movably coupled to the pivotable slide and the fixed rail unit at a distance rearward from the forward crystal. The forward and rearward crystals define reciprocal angles of incidence with respect to the pivot point, wherein pivoting of the slide about the pivot point changes the incidence angles of the forward and rearward crystals while simultaneously changing the distance between the forward and rearward crystals.

Zhong; Zhong (Stony Brook, NY), Hanson; Jonathan (Wading River, NY), Hastings; Jerome (Stanford, CA), Kao; Chi-Chang (Setauket, NY), Lenhard; Anthony (Medford, NY), Siddons; David Peter (Cutchogue, NY), Zhong; Hui (Coram, NY)

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

365

EVALUATING THE LAND AND OCEAN COMPONENTS OF THE GLOBAL CARBON CYCLE IN THE CMIP5 EARTH SYSTEM MODELS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We assess the ability of 18 Earth System Models to simulate the land and ocean carbon cycle for the present climate. These models will be used in the next Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) for climate ...

A. Anav; P. Friedlingstein; M. Kidston; L. Bopp; P. Ciais; P. Cox; C. Jones; M. Jung; R. Myneni; Z. Zhu

366

Customer-Focused Deployment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Customer-Focused Customer-Focused Deployment SAM RASHKIN Chief Architect Building Technologies Program February 29, 2012 Building America Meeting 2 | INNOVATION & INTEGRATION: Transforming the Energy Efficiency Market Buildings.Energy.gov 'Good Government' As-A-System IECC Code: Mandates technologies and practices proven reliable and cost- effective ENERGY STAR: Recognizes Builders Who Deliver Significantly Above Code Performance Builders Challenge: Recognizes Leading Builders Applying Proven Innovations and Best Practices Building America: Develops New Innovations and Best Practices 3 | INNOVATION & INTEGRATION: Transforming the Energy Efficiency Market Buildings.Energy.gov Disseminating Research Results: Building America Resource Tool 4 | INNOVATION & INTEGRATION: Transforming the Energy Efficiency Market

367

Chicago Climate Action Plan | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Action Plan Action Plan Jump to: navigation, search Name Chicago Climate Action Plan Agency/Company /Organization City of Chicago Focus Area Buildings, Energy Efficiency - Central Plant, Greenhouse Gas, Other, Non-renewable Energy, Transportation, Renewable Energy Phase Prepare a Plan Topics Low emission development planning Resource Type Case studies/examples Availability Free Website http://www.chicagoclimateactio Locality Chicago, IL References Chicago Climate Action Plan[1] Overview Chicago's Climate Action Plan addresses both mitigation of and adaptation to climate change and encompasses the entire city (rather than only City operations). The plan contains a high-level overview of Chicago's climate action initiatives, including 26 mitigation strategies and nine adaptation

368

Water, Land and People  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water, Land and People Water, Land and People Nature Bulletin No. 251 January 8, 1983 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation WATER, LAND AND PEOPLE "Water, Land and People" is the title of a book which, like "Road to Survival", should be read by every American. Water, and its uses or control, has become a vital national problem. Some places, some years, we have too much of it and suffer disastrous floods. Elsewhere we have too little. In cities like New York and Los Angeles -- even in many inland towns -- and in the western lands which depend upon irrigation, the demand far exceeds the supply. Our Congress is beseeched for huge appropriations to provide flood control, navigation, electric power and irrigation.

369

csp land use | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

csp land use Home Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 25 June, 2013 - 12:10 Solar Land Use Data on OpenEI acres csp land use how much land land requirements pv land...

370

how much land | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by Sfomail(48) Member 25 June, 2013 - 12:10 Solar Land Use Data on OpenEI acres csp land use how much land land requirements pv land use solar land use square miles I'm...

371

land requirements | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by Sfomail(48) Member 25 June, 2013 - 12:10 Solar Land Use Data on OpenEI acres csp land use how much land land requirements pv land use solar land use square miles I'm...

372

The role of large-scale, extratropical dynamics in climate change  

SciTech Connect

The climate modeling community has focused recently on improving our understanding of certain processes, such as cloud feedbacks and ocean circulation, that are deemed critical to climate-change prediction. Although attention to such processes is warranted, emphasis on these areas has diminished a general appreciation of the role played by the large-scale dynamics of the extratropical atmosphere. Lack of interest in extratropical dynamics may reflect the assumption that these dynamical processes are a non-problem as far as climate modeling is concerned, since general circulation models (GCMs) calculate motions on this scale from first principles. Nevertheless, serious shortcomings in our ability to understand and simulate large-scale dynamics exist. Partly due to a paucity of standard GCM diagnostic calculations of large-scale motions and their transports of heat, momentum, potential vorticity, and moisture, a comprehensive understanding of the role of large-scale dynamics in GCM climate simulations has not been developed. Uncertainties remain in our understanding and simulation of large-scale extratropical dynamics and their interaction with other climatic processes, such as cloud feedbacks, large-scale ocean circulation, moist convection, air-sea interaction and land-surface processes. To address some of these issues, the 17th Stanstead Seminar was convened at Bishop`s University in Lennoxville, Quebec. The purpose of the Seminar was to promote discussion of the role of large-scale extratropical dynamics in global climate change. Abstracts of the talks are included in this volume. On the basis of these talks, several key issues emerged concerning large-scale extratropical dynamics and their climatic role. Individual records are indexed separately for the database.

Shepherd, T.G. [ed.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Simultaneously Constraining Climate Sensitivity and Aerosol Radiative Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An energy balance climate model with latitudinal, surface–air, and land–sea resolution is coupled to a two-dimensional (latitude–depth) ocean model and used to simulate changes in surface and surface air temperature since 1765. The climate model ...

L. D. Danny Harvey; Robert K. Kaufmann

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Sustainable bioenergy production from marginal lands in the US Midwest  

SciTech Connect

Long-term measurements of global warming impact coupled with spatially explicit modeling suggests that both climate benefits and the production potential of cellulosic crops grown on marginal lands of the US North Central region are substantial but will be insufficient to meet long-term biofuel needs.

Gelfand, Ilya; Sahajpal, Ritvik; Zhang, Xuesong; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Gross, Katherine L.; Robertson, G. P.

2013-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

375

Land-Use and Ecosystems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Land-Use and Ecosystems Terrestrial Carbon Management Data Sets and Analyses National Land Cover Data 1992 (2005), and 2001 (2008) Carbon Flux to the Atmosphere from Land-Use...

376

Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

377

Cabauw Experimental Results from the Project for Intercomparison of Land-Surface Parameterization Schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the Project for Intercomparison of Land-Surface Parameterization Schemes phase 2a experiment, meteorological data for the year 1987 from Cabauw, the Netherlands, were used as inputs to 23 land-surface flux schemes designed for use in climate ...

T. H. Chen; A. Henderson-Sellers; P. C. D. Milly; A. J. Pitman; A. C. M. Beljaars; J. Polcher; F. Abramopoulos; A. Boone; S. Chang; F. Chen; Y. Dai; C. E. Desborough; R. E. Dickinson; L. Dümenil; M. Ek; J. R. Garratt; N. Gedney; Y. M. Gusev; J. Kim; R. Koster; E. A. Kowalczyk; K. Laval; J. Lean; D. Lettenmaier; X. Liang; J.-F. Mahfouf; H.-T. Mengelkamp; K. Mitchell; O. N. Nasonova; J. Noilhan; A. Robock; C. Rosenzweig; J. Schaake; C. A. Schlosser; J.-P. Schulz; Y. Shao; A. B. Shmakin; D. L. Verseghy; P. Wetzel; E. F. Wood; Y. Xue; Z.-L. Yang; Q. Zeng

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Evaluating the JULES Land Surface Model Energy Fluxes Using FLUXNET Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface energy flux measurements from a sample of 10 flux network (FLUXNET) sites selected to represent a range of climate conditions and biome types were used to assess the performance of the Hadley Centre land surface model (Joint U.K. Land ...

Eleanor Blyth; John Gash; Amanda Lloyd; Matthew Pryor; Graham P. Weedon; Jim Shuttleworth

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Land use analysis using GIS, radar and thematic mapper in Ethiopia: PhD showcase  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land degradation, and poverty issues are very common in our world, especially in developing countries in Africa. There are fewer adaptation strategies for climate change in these countries. Ethiopia is a tropical country found in the horn of Africa. ... Keywords: GIS, classification algorithm, land use change, modeling, remote sensing

Haile K. Tadesse

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Strategic Focus Points  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Focus Points Focus Points June 2011 1. Establish the human capital and organizational foundation to create a high-performing organization. 2. Implement a cyber risk-management and incident response program that ensures effective security of Federal and M&O networks, provides appropriate flexibility, and meets legal requirements and OMB expectations. 3. Improve IT Services (EITS) into a best-in-class provider from both a technical and business perspective. 4. Implement and institutionalize a reformed, integrated information management governance process that respects the goal to treat M&Os distinctively different than true Federal entities. 5. Transition to 5-year planning and programming, using the NNSA Planning, Programming, Budgeting and Evaluation (PPBE) process as a starting point to include resource and requirements validation.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Focus Area Summary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

information provided was consolidated from the original five focus areas for the EM information provided was consolidated from the original five focus areas for the EM Corporate QA Board. The status of QAP/QIP approvals etc. was accurate at the time of posting; however, additional approvals may have been achieved since that time. If you have any questions about the information provided, please contact Bob Murray at robert.murray@em.doe.gov Task # Task Description Status 1.1 Develop a brief questionnaire to send out to both commercial and EM contractors to describe their current approach for identifying the applicable QA requirements for subcontractors, tailoring the requirements based upon risk, process for working with procurement to ensure QA requirements are incorporated into subcontracts, and implementing verification of requirement flow-down by their

382

land.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 AUDIT REPORT SALE OF LAND AT OAK RIDGE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE OF AUDIT SERVICES May 2001 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, DC 20585 May 7, 2001 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman (Signed) Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Audit Report on the "Sale of Land at Oak Ridge" BACKGROUND Under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, the U.S. Department of Energy (Department) may sell land in the performance of identified programmatic functions. The functions specified in the Atomic Energy Act include encouraging scientific and industrial progress, controlling special nuclear

383

Ukraine-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ukraine-World Bank Climate Projects AgencyCompany Organization World Bank Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Background analysis Country Ukraine Eastern Europe...

384

Myanmar-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Low emission development planning Country Myanmar South-Eastern Asia...

385

Vietnam-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Low emission development planning Country Vietnam South-Eastern Asia...

386

Cambodia-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Low emission development planning Country Cambodia South-Eastern...

387

Georgia-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bank Climate Projects AgencyCompany Organization World Bank Focus Area Renewable Energy, Hydro Topics Background analysis Website http:web.worldbank.orgexter Country...

388

Inside stories on climate compatible development | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inside stories on climate compatible development Inside stories on climate compatible development Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Inside stories on climate compatible development Agency/Company /Organization: Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Sector: Climate Focus Area: Renewable Energy, People and Policy Topics: Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices Website: cdkn.org/2012/07/cdkns-inside-stories-on-climate-compatible-developmen References: CDKN's 'Inside stories on climate compatible development'[1] "CDKN, in partnership with the International Development Law Organisation, the Centre for International Sustainable Development Law and the World

389

USDOT-Transportation and Climate Change Clearinghouse | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USDOT-Transportation and Climate Change Clearinghouse USDOT-Transportation and Climate Change Clearinghouse Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: USDOT-Transportation and Climate Change Clearinghouse Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Transportation Sector: Climate Focus Area: Transportation Topics: GHG inventory, Market analysis Resource Type: Guide/manual, Publications, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: climate.dot.gov/methodologies/analysis-resources.html Cost: Free USDOT-Transportation and Climate Change Clearinghouse Screenshot References: USDOT-Transportation and Climate Change Clearinghouse[1] "Assessments of available models and analytical tools can be used to compare greenhouse gas measurement methods and analytical approaches. This

390

NASA Land Validation Campaign Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Products > Validation NASA Land Validation Campaign Data Land Validation Campaigns The goal of the EOS Validation Program is the comprehensive assessment of all EOS science data...

391

Considering Climate Change in U.S. Air Quality Management  

SciTech Connect

Despite the challenges in linking global and regional processes, evidence from recent studies suggests that the effects of a changing climate should not be neglected when planning for the future attainment of regional-scale ozone standards such as the U.S. NAAQS. Research underway should provide insight regarding the impact of climate change on Ozone and PM2.5 and of the complex interaction of climate, land-use, and technology change.

Hogrefe, C.; Leung, Lai R.; Mickley, L. J.; Hunt, Sherri W.; Winner, D. A.

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Land use politics southern style : the case of cash proffers in Virginia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The linkage between the political dynamics at the state level and actual implementation of land use regulations at the local level is the focus of this dissertation. This focus is explored through the genesis and efficacy ...

McKay, Shannon Ashley

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

The NCEP Climate Forecast System Reanalysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The NCEP Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) was completed for the 31-yr period from 1979 to 2009, in January 2010. The CFSR was designed and executed as a global, high-resolution coupled atmosphere–ocean–land surface–sea ice system to ...

Suranjana Saha; Shrinivas Moorthi; Hua-Lu Pan; Xingren Wu; Jiande Wang; Sudhir Nadiga; Patrick Tripp; Robert Kistler; John Woollen; David Behringer; Haixia Liu; Diane Stokes; Robert Grumbine; George Gayno; Jun Wang; Yu-Tai Hou; Hui-Ya Chuang; Hann-Ming H. Juang; Joe Sela; Mark Iredell; Russ Treadon; Daryl Kleist; Paul Van Delst; Dennis Keyser; John Derber; Michael Ek; Jesse Meng; Helin Wei; Rongqian Yang; Stephen Lord; Huug Van Den Dool; Arun Kumar; Wanqiu Wang; Craig Long; Muthuvel Chelliah; Yan Xue; Boyin Huang; Jae-Kyung Schemm; Wesley Ebisuzaki; Roger Lin; Pingping Xie; Mingyue Chen; Shuntai Zhou; Wayne Higgins; Cheng-Zhi Zou; Quanhua Liu; Yong Chen; Yong Han; Lidia Cucurull; Richard W. Reynolds; Glenn Rutledge; Mitch Goldberg

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Amazonian Deforestation and Regional Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-scale conversion of tropical forests into pastures or annual crops could lead to changes in the climate. We have used a coupled numerical model of the global atmosphere and biosphere (Center for Ocean-Land- Atmosphere GCM) to assess the ...

Carlos A. Nobre; Piers J. Sellers; Jagadish Shukla

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

The impact of land cover change on storms in the Sydney Basin, Australia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

addressed the issue of the role of the land surface in weather and climate (Avissar and Verstraete, 1990 radiation can affect boundary layer depth (Pielke et al., 1998) and thereby clouds and incoming solar weather and climate (see Pielke et al., 1998 and references therein; Kabat et al., 2004 and references

Sheridan, Jennifer

396

Regional and Global Impacts of Land Cover Change and Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The atmospheric and land components of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory’s (GFDL’s) Climate Model version 2.1 (CM2.1) is used with climatological sea surface temperatures (SSTs) to investigate the relative climatic impacts of historical ...

Kirsten L. Findell; Andrew J. Pitman; Matthew H. England; Philip J. Pegion

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

National Land Cover Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Land Cover Data National Land Cover Data Metadata also available as Metadata: q Identification_Information q Data_Quality_Information q Spatial_Data_Organization_Information q Spatial_Reference_Information q Entity_and_Attribute_Information q Distribution_Information q Metadata_Reference_Information Identification_Information: Citation: Citation_Information: Originator: United States Geological Survey Publication_Date: Unpublished Material Title: National Land Cover Data Edition: 01 Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data Other_Citation_Details: Classification and processing of the orginal remote sensing products was done by the Multi-Resolution Land Characterization Consortium and EROS Data Center (U.S. Geological Survey). The Consortium includes the

398

Sugar Land, TX -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alumnus Recognized by Secretary of Energy for Work at National Lab Sugar Land, TX - The National Energy Technology Laboratory is proud to announce that U.S. Air Force Academy...

399

MODIS Land Products Subsets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(Meter) MCD12Q1 LC MODISTerra+Aqua Lan Cover ( LC ) Type Yearly L3 Global 500m SIN Grid annual 500 MCD12Q2 LCD MODISTerra+Aqua Land Cover Dynamics ( LCD ) Yearly L3 Global...

400

OpenEI - land  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

en.openei.orgdatasetstaxonomyterm4150 en Land use requirements for ground-mounted solar power facilities. http:en.openei.orgdatasetsnode454

This dataset is part of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Strategic Climate Fund (SCF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SCF) SCF) Jump to: navigation, search Name Strategic Climate Fund (SCF) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank, African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Development Bank, Inter-American Development Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Finance, Market analysis Website http://www.climatefundsupdate. Program Start 2008 References Strategic Climate Fund (SCF)[1] "The Strategic Climate Fund (SCF) is one of the two funds of the Climate Investment Funds. It serves as an overarching framework to support three targeted programs with dedicated funding to pilot new approaches with potential for scaled-up, transformational action aimed at a specific climate change challenge or sectoral response. The SCF is an umbrella vehicle for the receipt of donor funds and

402

Climate Finance Options Platform | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Finance Options Platform Climate Finance Options Platform Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate Finance Options Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme, World Bank Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Finance, Implementation Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.climatefinanceoptions.org/cfo/ Climate Finance Options Screenshot References: CFO[1] "This Platform aims at providing comprehensive guidance on financial options available for climate action in developing countries. Here you can find information on where to access the wide range of funds available from multilateral and bilateral institution, as well as public and private sources. Learn more on how these funds are governed and whether your project is eligible. Users are invited to be a resource to share their

403

Barbados-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barbados-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Barbados-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name Barbados-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Barbados Caribbean References CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework[1]

404

Suriname-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Suriname-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Suriname-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name Suriname-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Suriname South America References CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework[1]

405

Jamaica-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jamaica-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Jamaica-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name Jamaica-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Jamaica Caribbean References CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework[1]

406

Guyana-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Guyana-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Guyana-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name Guyana-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Guyana South America References CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework[1]

407

Bahamas-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bahamas-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Bahamas-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Bahamas Caribbean References CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework[1]

408

Grenada-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Grenada-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Grenada-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name Grenada-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Grenada Caribbean References CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework[1]

409

Rwanda-Developing a Strategic Climate Change Framework | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rwanda-Developing a Strategic Climate Change Framework Rwanda-Developing a Strategic Climate Change Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-Rwanda-Developing a Strategic Climate Change Framework and Design of a Climate Change and Environmental Fund Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner REMA, Government of Rwanda Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/a-stra Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Rwanda UN Region Middle Africa References CDKN-Rwanda-Developing a Strategic Climate Change Framework[1] Rwanda's ambitious Green Growth and Climate Resilience Strategy was launched at a UNFCCC side event at CoP17 in Durban. Rwanda joins Korea,

410

Dominica-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominica-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Dominica-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name Dominica--Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Dominica Caribbean References CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework[1]

411

Buildings and Climate Change | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Buildings and Climate Change Buildings and Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Buildings and Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.unep.org/sbci/pdfs/SBCI-BCCSummary.pdf Buildings and Climate Change Screenshot References: Buildings and Climate Change[1] "This report - Buildings & Climate Change: A Summary for Decision-makers draws together the findings of three years of research by UNEP's Sustainable Buildings & Climate Initiative (SBCI) and it's partners. It sets out priority actions that can be taken by policy makers and industry

412

Climate Human Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Human Capital Climate Human Capital Jump to: navigation, search Name Climate Human Capital Place London, United Kingdom Zip W1K 6NG Sector Carbon, Renewable Energy, Services Product Green executive search company, listed in London's PLUS marketplace since 30 MArch 2010, focusing on the following target sectors: Carbon Markets, Environmental Sciences, Research and Advisory, Financial Services, Renewable Energy Generation and Policy. References Climate Human Capital[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Climate Human Capital is a company located in London, United Kingdom . References ↑ "Climate Human Capital" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_Human_Capital&oldid=343709

413

Wind Development on Tribal Lands  

SciTech Connect

Background: The Rosebud Sioux Tribe (RST) is located in south central South Dakota near the Nebraska border. The nearest community of size is Valentine, Nebraska. The RST is a recipient of several Department of Energy grants, written by Distributed Generation Systems, Inc. (Disgen), for the purposes of assessing the feasibility of its wind resource and subsequently to fund the development of the project. Disgen, as the contracting entity to the RST for this project, has completed all the pre-construction activities, with the exception of the power purchase agreement and interconnection agreement, to commence financing and construction of the project. The focus of this financing is to maximize the economic benefits to the RST while achieving commercially reasonable rates of return and fees for the other parties involved. Each of the development activities required and its status is discussed below. Land Resource: The Owl Feather War Bonnet 30 MW Wind Project is located on RST Tribal Trust Land of approximately 680 acres adjacent to the community of St. Francis, South Dakota. The RST Tribal Council has voted on several occasions for the development of this land for wind energy purposes, as has the District of St. Francis. Actual footprint of wind farm will be approx. 50 acres. Wind Resource Assessment: The wind data has been collected from the site since May 1, 2001 and continues to be collected and analyzed. The latest projections indicate a net capacity factor of 42% at a hub height of 80 meters. The data has been collected utilizing an NRG 9300 Data logger System with instrumentation installed at 30, 40 and 65 meters on an existing KINI radio tower. The long-term annual average wind speed at 65-meters above ground level is 18.2 mph (8.1 mps) and 18.7 mph (8.4 mps) at 80-meters agl. The wind resource is excellent and supports project financing.

Ken Haukaas; Dale Osborn; Belvin Pete

2008-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

414

Mississippi Climate & Hydrology Conference  

SciTech Connect

The GEWEX Continental International Project (GCIP), which started in 1995 and completed in 2001, held its grand finale conference in New Orleans, LA in May 2002. Participants at this conference along with the scientists funded through the GCIP program are invited to contribute a paper to a special issue of Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR). This special JGR issue (called GCIP3) will serve as the final report on scientific research conducted by GCIP investigators. Papers are solicited on the following topical areas, but are not limited to, (1) water energy budget studies; (2) warm season precipitation; (3) predictability and prediction system; (4) coupled land-atmosphere models; (5) climate and water resources applications. The research areas cover observations, modeling, process studies and water resources applications.

Lawford, R.; Huang, J.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

ClimateWorks-China Climate Change Research Center | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ClimateWorks-China Climate Change Research Center ClimateWorks-China Climate Change Research Center Jump to: navigation, search Name ClimateWorks-China Climate Change Research Center Agency/Company /Organization ClimateWorks, Energy Foundation Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Low emission development planning Website http://www.climateworks.org/ Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country China Eastern Asia References http://www.climateworks.org/[1] "Provision of technical support to low-carbon growth planning in low-carbon pilots in five provinces and eight cities. These 13 low carbon pilot regions, which cover 27% of the population, 36% of energy consumption, have the potential of contributing one third of China's total carbon mitigation. The outcomes of these demonstration efforts will serve as

416

CSLF, an international climate change init  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CSLF, an international climate change initiative focused on cost- CSLF, an international climate change initiative focused on cost- effective CCUS technologies, officially recognized the projects at a recent meeting in Perth, Australia, for making contributions to the development of global carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) mitigation technologies. With the recognition, all three projects will appear on the CSLF website in a yearly project portfolio to keep the global community updated

417

Climate Consultant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Climate Consultant Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Climate Consultant Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Solar, Wind Resource Type: Dataset, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.energy-design-tools.aud.ucla.edu/ Cost: Free Language: English References: http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/tools_directory/software.cfm/ID=123/pagename=alpha_list Logo: Climate Consultant Free, easy-to-use, graphic-based computer program that displays climate

418

Focus Area 3 Deliverables  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 - Commercial Grade item and Services 3 - Commercial Grade item and Services Dedication Implementation and Nuclear Services Office of Environmental Management And Energy Facility Contractors Group Quality Assurance Improvement Project Plan Project Focus Area Task # and Description Deliverable Project Area 3-Commercial Grade Item and Services Dedication 3.1-Complete a survey of selected EM contractors to identify the process and basis for their CGI dedication program including safety classification of items being dedicated for nuclear applications within their facilities Completed Survey Approvals: Yes/No/NA Project Managers: S. Waisley, D. Tuttel Yes Executive Committee: D. Chung, J. Yanek, N. Barker, D. Amerine No EM QA Corporate Board: No Energy Facility Contractors Group

419

Land use requirements for ground-mounted solar power facilities. | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land use requirements for ground-mounted solar power facilities. Land use requirements for ground-mounted solar power facilities. Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (5 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric hectares km2 land land requirements land use land-use mean photovoltaic photovoltaics PV solar statistics Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Master Solar Land Use Spreadsheet (xlsx, 1.5 MiB)

420

Urbanization Impacts on the Climate in Europe: Numerical Experiments by the PSU–NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of urban land on the climate in Europe on local and regional scales. Effects of urban land cover on the climate are isolated using the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University–...

K. Trusilova; M. Jung; G. Churkina; U. Karstens; M. Heimann; M. Claussen

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

[Research on greenhouse-gas-induced climate change  

SciTech Connect

This climate research focuses on the following topics: model development and testing; climate simulations and analyses; analyses of observed climate; development of analysis methods; global warming: physics, economics and policy; and participation in international research efforts. Also summarized are six projects that are proposed for the next five years.

Schlesinger, M.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

422

Energy and land use  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report addresses the land use impacts of past and future energy development and summarizes the major federal and state legislation which influences the potential land use impacts of energy facilities and can thus influence the locations and timing of energy development. In addition, this report describes and presents the data which are used to measure, and in some cases, predict the potential conflicts between energy development and alternative uses of the nation's land resources. The topics section of this report is divided into three parts. The first part describes the myriad of federal, state and local legislation which have a direct or indirect impact upon the use of land for energy development. The second part addresses the potential land use impacts associated with the extraction, conversion and combustion of energy resources, as well as the disposal of wastes generated by these processes. The third part discusses the conflicts that might arise between agriculture and energy development as projected under a number of DOE mid-term (1990) energy supply and demand scenarios.

Not Available

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Biosphere-atmosphere interactions over semi-arid regions : modeling the role of mineral aerosols and irrigation in the regional climate system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation describes the role of land surface processes in shaping semi-arid climates, namely those of Southwest Asia and Northwest Africa. The interactions between dust emissions, irrigation, and climate processes ...

Marcella, Marc Pace

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Climate Financing Options | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Financing Options Financing Options Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate Financing Options Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), World Bank Sector: Climate Focus Area: People and Policy Phase: Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Develop Finance and Implement Projects Topics: Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Case studies/examples, Guide/manual, Training materials Website: www.climatefinanceoptions.org/cfo/ Language: English References: Climate Finance Options[1] New climate finance tool for developing countries[2] "This Platform aims at providing comprehensive guidance on financial

425

Climate VISION: News - Bush Administration Launches "Climate...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Will Address Challenge of Climate Change WASHINGTON, D.C., - Today, the Department of Energy, on behalf of the Administration, launched the President's "Climate VISION"...

426

Application: Cold Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. Application: Cold Climate. Fire Suppression in Cold Climates: A Technical Review.. Catchpole, DV; 2000. ...

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

427

Land use and energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides estimates of the amount of land required by past and future energy development in the United States and examines major federal legislation that regulates the impact of energy facilities on land use. An example of one land use issue associated with energy development - the potential conflict between surface mining and agriculture - is illustrated by describing the actual and projected changes in land use caused by coal mining in western Indiana. Energy activities addressed in the report include extraction of coal, oil, natural gas, uranium, oil shale, and geothermal steam; uranium processing; preparation of synfuels from coal; oil refineries; fossil-fuel, nuclear, and hydro-electric power plants; biomass energy farms; and disposal of solid wastes generated during combustion of fossil fuels. Approximately 1.1 to 3.3 x 10/sup 6/ acres were devoted to these activities in the United States in 1975. As much as 1.8 to 2.0 x 10/sup 6/ additional acres could be required by 1990 for new, nonbiomass energy development. The production of grain for fuel ethanol could require an additional 16.9 to 55.7 x 10/sup 6/ acres by 1990. Federal laws that directly or indirectly regulate the land-use impacts of energy facilities include the National Environmental Protection Act, Clean Air Act, Federal Water Pollution Control Act, Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act, and Coastal Zone Management Act. The major provisions of these acts, other relevant federal regulations, and similar state and local regulatons are described in this report. Federal legislation relating to air quality, water quality, and the management of public lands has the greatest potential to influence the location and timing of future energy development in the United States.

Robeck, K.E.; Ballou, S.W.; South, D.W.; Davis, M.J.; Chiu, S.Y.; Baker, J.E.; Dauzvardis, P.A.; Garvey, D.B.; Torpy, M.F.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

A Multiscale Ensemble Filtering System for Hydrologic Data Assimilation. Part II: Application to Land Surface Modeling with Satellite Rainfall Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Part I of this series of studies developed procedures to implement the multiscale filtering algorithm for land surface hydrology and performed assimilation experiments with rainfall ensembles from a climate model. However, a most important ...

Ming Pan; Eric F. Wood

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

A Study of Persistence in the Land–Atmosphere System Using a General Circulation Model and Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Persistence in the land–atmosphere system simulated with the National Center for Atmosphere Research Community Climate Model Version 2 (CCM2) coupled with the Biosphere–Atmosphere Transfer Scheme (BATS) is examined. BATS simulates various ...

Yongqiang Liu; Roni Avissar

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

The Impact of Root Weighting on the Response of Transpiration to Moisture Stress in Land Surface Schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land surface schemes (LSSs) for large-scale climate models use a variety of different methods to represent the influence of soil moisture on transpiration. One area in which they differ is in the treatment of vertical soil moisture distribution. ...

Carl E. Desborough

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Uncertainty Analysis of Runoff Simulations and Parameter Identifiability in the Community Land Model – Evidence from MOPEX Basins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, we applied version 4 of the Community Land Model (CLM4) integrated with an uncertainty quantification (UQ) framework to 20 selected watersheds from the Model Parameter Estimation Experiment (MOPEX) spanning a wide range of climate ...

Maoyi Huang; Zhangshuan Hou; L. Ruby Leung; Yinghai Ke; Ying Liu; Zhufeng Fang; Yu Sun

432

AVHRR-Derived Land Surface Conditions for Flux Simulations with a Mesoscale Model over the HAPEX-Sahel Study Area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The description of land surface conditions at a spatial scale adapted to climate and meteorological models is at the core of major problems in environment studies. In this regard, the information routinely provided by remote sensing observations ...

Roselyne Lacaze; Sylvie Donier; Pierre Lacarrère; Jean-Louis Roujean

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Evaluation of the Relationship between Air and Land Surface Temperature under Clear- and Cloudy-Sky Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clear and cloudy daytime comparisons of land surface temperature (LST) and air temperature (Tair) were made for 14 stations included in the U.S. Climate Reference Network (USCRN) of stations from observations made from 2003 through 2008. ...

Kevin Gallo; Robert Hale; Dan Tarpley; Yunyue Yu

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Impact of Scale and Aggregation on the Terrestrial Water Exchange: Integrating Land Surface Models and Rhône Catchment Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land surface models (LSMs) used in climate modeling include detailed above-ground biophysics but usually lack a good representation of runoff. Both processes are closely linked through soil moisture. Soil moisture however has a high spatial ...

Reto Stöckli; Pier Luigi Vidale; Aaron Boone; Christoph Schär

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

A Continental-Scale Classification of Rainfall Seasonality Regimes in Africa Based on Gridded Precipitation and Land Surface Temperature Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A classification of rainfall seasonality regimes in Africa was derived from gridded rainfall and land surface temperature products. By adapting a method that goes back to Walter and Lieth’s approach of presenting climatic diagrams, relationships ...

Stefanie M. Herrmann; Karen I. Mohr

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

The New GFDL Global Atmosphere and Land Model AM2–LM2: Evaluation with Prescribed SST Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The configuration and performance of a new global atmosphere and land model for climate research developed at the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) are presented. The atmosphere model, known as AM2, includes a new gridpoint dynamical ...

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

A Study of Persistence in the Land–Atmosphere System with a Fourth-Order Analytical Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a companion paper, Y. Liu and R. Avissar analyzed the features of persistence in the land–atmosphere system simulated with the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate Model Version 2 coupled with the Biosphere–Atmosphere ...

Yongqiang Liu; Roni Avissar

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Approaches used for Clearance of Lands from Nuclear Facilities among  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Approaches used for Clearance of Lands from Nuclear Facilities Approaches used for Clearance of Lands from Nuclear Facilities among Several Countries: Evaluation for Regulatory Input Approaches used for Clearance of Lands from Nuclear Facilities among Several Countries: Evaluation for Regulatory Input The study entitled, "Approaches used for Clearance of Lands from Nuclear Facilities among Several Countries: Evaluation for Regulatory Input," focuses on the issue of showing compliance with given clearance levels for site release (also called derived concentration guideline levels, DCGL:s). The Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) intends to continue working on establishing such clearance levels in Sweden. As a starting point, SSM foresees that levels applied will depend on the features of the specific site and on the expected future use of the land, for example

439

User-orientated comparative analysis of climate compatible development  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

User-orientated comparative analysis of climate compatible development User-orientated comparative analysis of climate compatible development planning methodologies and tools Jump to: navigation, search Name User-orientated comparative analysis of climate compatible development planning methodologies and tools Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Sector Energy, Land, Climate Topics Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.cdkn.org/wp-content Program Start 2011 Program End 2011 References User-orientated comparative analysis of climate compatible development planning methodologies and tools[1] User-orientated comparative analysis of climate compatible development planning methodologies and tools Screenshot In response to demand from a range of practitioners and government

440

Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) (Redirected from WRI Climate Analysis Indicators Tool) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: WRI Climate Analysis Indicators Tool Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute Sector: Climate, Energy, Land Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Dataset, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: cait.wri.org/ Language: English WRI Climate Analysis Indicators Tool Screenshot References: Climate Analysis Indicators Tool[1] CAIT is the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool -- an information and analysis

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

LLNL Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LLNL Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) LLNL Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) Jump to: navigation, search Name LLNL Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) Agency/Company /Organization Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Sector Energy, Land Topics Pathways analysis References LLNL Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI)[1] Abstract Established in 1989, the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) is an International focal point for understanding climate change and analyzing and diagnosing the performance of the world's climate models; the PCMDI is a DOE program located at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The PCMDI mission is to develop improved methods and tools for the diagnosis ...

442

Assessing the impacts of climate change on natural resource systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This volume is a collection of papers addressing the theme of potential impacts of climatic change. Papers are entitled Integrated Assessments of the Impacts of Climatic Change on Natural Resources: An Introductory Editorial; Framework for Integrated Assessments of Global Warming Impacts; Modeling Land Use and Cover as Part of Global Environmental Change; Assessing Impacts of Climatic Change on Forests: The State of Biological Modeling; Integrating Climatic Change and Forests: Economic and Ecological Assessments; Environmental Change in Grasslands: Assessment using Models; Assessing the Socio-economic Impacts of Climatic Change on Grazinglands; Modeling the Effects of Climatic Change on Water Resources- A Review; Assessing the Socioeconomic Consequences of Climate Change on Water Resources; and Conclusions, Remaining Issues, and Next Steps.

Frederick, K.D.; Rosenberg, N.J. [eds.

1994-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

443

Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation: Transport Sector | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation: Transport Sector Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation: Transport Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation: Transport Sector Agency/Company /Organization: Global Environment Facility, United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy, Climate Focus Area: Transportation Topics: Low emission development planning Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: tech-action.org/Guidebooks/TNAhandbook_Transport.pdf Cost: Free Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation: Transport Sector Screenshot References: Technologies for Climate Change Mitigation: Transport Sector[1] "The options outlined in this guidebook are designed to assist you in the process of developing transport services and facilities in your countries

444

Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Government of Asian Countries Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Finance, Low emission development planning Country Indonesia, Vietnam South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia References CDKN[1] Regional implications of the AGF recommendations: Asia[2] Program Overview "This program aimed to identify how industrialised countries could mobilize resources to support climate-resilient development in the developing world.

445

Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia - Indonesia | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia - Indonesia Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia - Indonesia Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Government of Asian Countries Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Finance, Low emission development planning Country Indonesia South-Eastern Asia References CDKN[1] Regional implications of the AGF recommendations: Asia[2] Program Overview "This program aimed to identify how industrialised countries could mobilize resources to support climate-resilient development in the developing world.

446

MODIS Land Products Subsets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Presentations Presentations Web and Web Services based tool that provides Subsets and Visualization of MODIS land products to facilitate land validation and field site characterization. S.K. Santhana Vannan; R. B. Cook; B. E. Wilson. AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, December 14-18 2009 MODIS Land Product Subsets,S.K. Santhana Vannan; R. B. Cook. November, 2009 MODIS Web Service, S.K. Santhana Vannan. ORNL DAAC UWG Meeting, May 2009 Subsetting Tools for MODIS Land Products: Time-series data for field sites, R. B. Cook, S. M. Margle, S. K. Santhana Vannan, S. K. Holladay, and T. W. Beaty. Global Vegetation Workshop, Missoula MT, August 8-10, 2006 MODIS ASCII Subsets, R. B. Cook. May 2006 Subsets of Remote Sensing Products for AmeriFlux Sites: MODIS ASCII Subsets, AmeriFlux Annual Meeting, R. B. Cook, S. M. Margle, S. K. Holladay, F. A. Heinsch, and C. B. Schaaf. October 5-7, 2004, Boulder, Colorado

447

MODIS Land Products Subsets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction Introduction The goal of the MODIS Land Product Subsets project is to provide summaries of selected MODIS Land Products for the community to use for validation of models and remote-sensing products, and to characterize field sites. The MODIS Land Product Subsets are derived from MODIS products that were generated with Collection 4 or later algorithms. Please be advised that these products are subject to continual review and revision. The MODIS land product subsets are provided in ASCII and GeoTIFF format. The subsets are stored as individual text(ASCII) files, each file represents one field site and one MODIS product.The ASCII data covers 7x7 km of the field site. These ASCII files contain comma-delimited rows of parameter values (image bands) for each pixel in the selected area. Each row in the file will contain data from one 8-day, 16-day, or annual period (depending on the temporal frequency of the data product represented).

448

FEMP Focus: June 2002 Issue  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- p. 9 * NREL Named Partner in EPA Climate Leaders Program - p. 11 * Fort Knox Strikes Energy-Savings Gold in Innovative UESC Partnership - p. 12 * The Proper Use of...

449

Climate Change Development Policy Loan | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development Policy Loan Development Policy Loan Jump to: navigation, search Name Climate Change Development Policy Loan Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Finance, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://web.worldbank.org/WBSIT Country Indonesia UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Indonesia Climate Change Project[1] "The project will support the Government's policy agenda on climate change, an issue of growing global concern. Indonesia is highly vulnerable to climate change impacts - sea level rise, changing weather patterns, and increased uncertainty. Potential impacts include: increased threats to food security and agricultural productivity; impacts on productive coastal zones and community livelihoods; consequences for water storage; intensification

450

Carbon dioxide and climate  

SciTech Connect

Scientific and public interest in greenhouse gases, climate warming, and global change virtually exploded in 1988. The Department's focused research on atmospheric CO{sub 2} contributed sound and timely scientific information to the many questions produced by the groundswell of interest and concern. Research projects summarized in this document provided the data base that made timely responses possible, and the contributions from participating scientists are genuinely appreciated. In the past year, the core CO{sub 2} research has continued to improve the scientific knowledge needed to project future atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations, to estimate climate sensitivity, and to assess the responses of vegetation to rising concentrations of CO{sub 2} and to climate change. The Carbon Dioxide Research Program's goal is to develop sound scientific information for policy formulation and governmental action in response to changes of atmospheric CO{sub 2}. The Program Summary describes projects funded by the Carbon Dioxide Research Program during FY 1990 and gives a brief overview of objectives, organization, and accomplishments.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Climate Knowledge Brokers Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Knowledge Brokers Group Climate Knowledge Brokers Group (Redirected from Knowledge Brokers Workshop) Jump to: navigation, search Home | 2013 Workshop | Previous Events | CKB Snapshots | Collaborative Projects | Shared Tools What is the CKB Group? The Climate Knowledge Brokers (CKB) Group is an emerging alliance of around 50 of the leading global, regional and national websites specialising in climate and development information. It brings together a diverse set of information players, from international organisations to research institutes, NGOs and good practice networks, and covers the full breadth of climate related themes. The focus is on primarily online initiatives, and those that play an explicit knowledge brokerage role, rather than being simply institutional websites. Its goal is to improve access to climate information by coordinating and

452

Radiative Forcing of Climate Change  

SciTech Connect

Chapter 6 of the IPCC Third Assessment Report Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Sections include: Executive Summary 6.1 Radiative Forcing 6.2 Forcing-Response Relationship 6.3 Well-Mixed Greenhouse Gases 6.4 Stratospheric Ozone 6.5 Radiative Forcing By Tropospheric Ozone 6.6 Indirect Forcings due to Chemistry 6.7 The Direct Radiative Forcing of Tropospheric Aerosols 6.8 The Indirect Radiative Forcing of Tropospheric Aerosols 6.9 Stratospheric Aerosols 6.10 Land-use Change (Surface Albedo Effect) 6.11 Solar Forcing of Climate 6.12 Global Warming Potentials hydrocarbons 6.13 Global Mean Radiative Forcings 6.14 The Geographical Distribution of the Radiative Forcings 6.15 Time Evolution of Radiative Forcings Appendix 6.1 Elements of Radiative Forcing Concept References.

Ramaswamy, V.; Boucher, Olivier; Haigh, J.; Hauglustaine, D.; Haywood, J.; Myhre, G.; Nakajima, Takahito; Shi, Guangyu; Solomon, S.; Betts, Robert E.; Charlson, R.; Chuang, C. C.; Daniel, J. S.; Del Genio, Anthony D.; Feichter, J.; Fuglestvedt, J.; Forster, P. M.; Ghan, Steven J.; Jones, A.; Kiehl, J. T.; Koch, D.; Land, C.; Lean, J.; Lohmann, Ulrike; Minschwaner, K.; Penner, Joyce E.; Roberts, D. L.; Rodhe, H.; Roelofs, G.-J.; Rotstayn, Leon D.; Schneider, T. L.; Schumann, U.; Schwartz, Stephen E.; Schwartzkopf, M. D.; Shine, K. P.; Smith, Steven J.; Stevenson, D. S.; Stordal, F.; Tegen, I.; van Dorland, R.; Zhang, Y.; Srinivasan, J.; Joos, Fortunat

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Towards Assessing NARCCAP Regional Climate Model Credibility for the North American Monsoon: Current Climate Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine 17 dynamically downscaled simulations produced as part of the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP) for their skill in reproducing the North American Monsoon system. We focus on precipitation and the ...

Melissa S. Bukovsky; David J. Gochis; Linda O. Mearns

454

Climate Change in the South American Monsoon System: Present Climate and CMIP5 Projections  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The South American monsoon system (SAMS) is the most important climatic feature in South America. This study focuses on the large-scale characteristics of the SAMS: seasonal amplitudes, onset and demise dates, and durations. Changes in the SAMS ...

Charles Jones; Leila M. V. Carvalho

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Climate change in the South American Monsoon System: present climate and CMIP5 projections  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The South American Monsoon System (SAMS) is the most important climatic feature in South America. This study focuses on the large-scale characteristics of the SAMS: seasonal amplitudes, onset and demise dates and durations. Changes in the SAMS are ...

Charles Jones; Leila M. V. Carvalho

456

NICCR - National Institute for Climate Change Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Loik Abstract Loik Abstract Climate Change Impacts on Shrub-Forest Ecotones in the Western US Principle Investigator: Michael E. Loik, University of California, Santa Cruz Co-PI: Daniel F. Doak, University of California, Santa Cruz (after Aug. 2007: University of Wyoming) Unfunded collaborator: Ronald P. Neilson, Pacific Northwest Forest Service Research Laboratory Abstract:: This research is motivated by (i) the importance of snow as a dominant form of precipitation for a large portion of arid and semi-arid regions of the western United States, (ii) uncertainty in how changes in snow climate will affect ecotones between terrestrial ecosystems of the West, and (iii) the need to better understand how climate change impacts recruitment of dominant organisms of range and forest lands of the West, in order to better predict climate change effects on distributions of terrestrial ecosystems.

457

Global Climate Data, Sept. 18, 2000  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate Data Climate Data The ORNL DAAC announces the addition of "Global Monthly Climatology for the Twentieth Century (New et al.)" to its collection of climate data. The newest addition contains gridded data related to monthly surface climate over global land areas at 0.5-degree resolution. Precipitation, mean temperature, and diurnal temperature range are interpolated directly from station time-series. Wet-day frequency, vapor pressure, cloud cover, and ground-frost frequency are interpolated where data are available and estimated for regions with no data. Data can be accessed through an on-line interface that allows users to select the data by parameter and years. By agreement with the data provider, users who wish to request the complete 400-megabyte data set on a

458

Slide 1 of 19NCA -Agriculture with a California Focus Agriculture with a California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Slide 1 of 19NCA - Agriculture with a California Focus Agriculture with a California Focus (NCA Draft Findings) Richard Grotjahn Professor of Climate Dynamics University of California, Davis 6 March 2013 #12;Slide 2 of 19NCA - Agriculture with a California Focus Authors of Chapter 6: Agriculture

Grotjahn, Richard

459

Several Computational Opportunities and Challenges Associated with Climate Change Modeling  

SciTech Connect

One of the key factors in the improved understanding of climate science is the development and improvement of high fidelity climate models. These models are critical for projections of future climate scenarios, as well as for highlighting the areas where further measurement and experimentation are needed for knowledge improvement. In this paper, we focus on several computing issues associated with climate change modeling. First, we review a fully coupled global simulation and a nested regional climate model to demonstrate key design components, and then we explain the underlying restrictions associated with the temporal and spatial scale for climate change modeling. We then discuss the role of high-end computers in climate change sciences. Finally, we explain the importance of fostering regional, integrated climate impact analysis. Although we discuss the computational challenges associated with climate change modeling, and we hope those considerations can also be beneficial to many other modeling research programs involving multiscale system dynamics.

Wang, Dali [ORNL; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL; Wilson, Bruce E [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

County Land Preservation and Use Commissions (Iowa)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This ordinance creates Land Preservation and Use Commissions in each county to provide for the orderly use and development of land, to protect agricultural land from nonagricultural development,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Nonlinear Influence of Mesoscale Land Use on Weather and Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates that the influence of mesoscale landscape spatial variability on the atmosphere must be parameterized (or explicitly modeled) in larger-scale atmospheric model simulations including general circulation models. The ...

R. A. Pielke; G. A. Dalu; J. S. Snook; T. J. Lee; T. G. F. Kittel

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Geothermal energy and the land resource: conflicts and constraints in The Geysers-Calistoga KGRA  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study of potential land-related impacts of geothermal power development in The Geysers region focuses on Lake County because it has most of the undeveloped resource and the least regulatory capability. First, the land resource is characterized in terms of its ecological, hydrological, agricultural, and recreational value; intrinsic natural hazards; and the adequacy of roads and utility systems. Based on those factors, the potential land-use conflicts and constraints that geothermal development may encounter in the region are identified and the availability and relative suitability of land for such development is determined. A brief review of laws and powers germane to geothermal land-use regulation is included.

O'Banion, K.; Hall, C.

1980-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

463

Cerenkov Particle Identification in FOCUS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the algorithm used to identify charged tracks in the fixed-target charm-photoproduction experiment FOCUS.

The FOCUS Collaboration

2001-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

464

MODIS Land Products Subsets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Subsetting and Visualization Tool Global Subsetting and Visualization Tool The Global Subsetting and Visualization Tool provides customized subsets of MODIS Land products in ASCII format on demand for any location on Earth. Users select a site (either from a picklist or by entering the site's geographic coordinates) and the area surrounding that site, from one pixel up to 201 x 201 km. The tool is expected to take up to 60 minutes to complete the processing, and the tool will send you an email message containing the URL where you can access the output. The tool provides time series plots of the measurement, an ASCII file of the pixel values for the selected product along with quality information, average and standard deviations for the area selected, and a file that can be imported directly into GIS software. In addition we provide a land cover grid (IGBP classification) of the area, along with an estimate of heterogeneity (Shannon richness and evenness).

465

Global scale hydrology - Advances in land surface modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research into global scale hydrology is an expanding area that includes researchers from the meteorology, climatology, ecology and hydrology communities. This paper reviews research in this area carried out in the United States during the last IUGG quadrennial period of 1987-1990. The review covers the representation of land-surface hydrologic processes for general circulation models (GCMs), sensitivity analysis of these representations on global hydrologic fields like precipitation, regional studies of climate that have global hydrologic implications, recent field studies and experiments whose aims are the improved understanding of land surface-atmospheric interactions, and the use of remotely sensed data for the further understanding of the spatial variability of surface hydrologic processes that are important at regional and global climate scales. 76 refs.

Wood, E.F. (USAF, Geophysics Laboratory, Hanscom AFB, MA (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

MODIS Land Products Subsets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

methods methods This section describes methods used to generate MODIS Land Subsets for Collection 4 and Collection 5 data products. Methods for Selected Sites (Collections 4 and 5) Methods for North America Tool (Collection 4) Methods for the Global Tool (Collection 5) Methods for Selected Sites (Collection 4 and 5) Source for Selected Site Data: Full MODIS scenes (1200-km x 1200-km) are initially subset to 11-km x 31-km (Collection 4) or 25-km x 25-km (Collection 5) by the MODAPS; these initial subsets contain the field site or flux tower. Reformatting and additional subsetting to 7-km x 7-km containing the field site or flux tower are done by the ORNL DAAC. Tools Used: The ORNL DAAC uses the MODIS Reprojection Tool (MRT) to reformat the MODIS data from HDF-EOS to binary format. A tool developed at ORNL is then used to convert the binary format to ASCII. The MRT is available from the Land Processes DAAC. Whereas the MRT can also be used to reproject data from its native projection to other projections, ORNL chose to forgo the resampling associated with reprojection to minimize data manipulation and distortion. The MOD12Q1 Land Cover Collection 3 data are in I-Sin projection, and the Collection 4 and Collection 5 data are in Sinusoidal projection.

467

Climate Survey  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Operations Employee Operations Employee Climate Survey March 2009 Acknowledgements The Berkeley Lab Survey Team consisted of the following: Jim Krupnick, Sponsor Vera Potapenko, Project Lead Karen Ramorino, Project Manager Chris Paquette, MOR Associates Alexis Bywater, MOR Associates MOR Associates, an external consulting firm, acted as project manager for this effort, analyzing the data and preparing this report. MOR Associates specializes in continuous improve- ment, strategic thinking and leadership development. MOR Associates has conducted a number of large-scale surveys for organizations in higher education, including MIT, Stanford, the University of Chicago, and others. MOR Associates, Inc. 462 Main Street, Suite 300 Watertown, MA 02472 tel: 617.924.4501

468

Climate Change | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 17, 2013 September 17, 2013 SEAB Climate Action Plan A presentation on the Climate Action Plan presented by Dr. Jonathan Pershing, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Climate Change at the U.S. Department of Energy. September 17, 2013 #CleanTechNow: America's Clean Energy Revolution A new Energy Department report shows how cost reductions and product improvements have sparked a surge in consumer demand for wind turbines, solar panels, electric vehicles and LED lighting. September 17, 2013 Revolution Now: The Future Arrives for Four Clean Energy Technologies This report focuses on four technology revolutions that are here today. In the last five years they have achieved dramatic reductions in cost and this has been accompanied by a surge in consumer, industrial and commercial

469

Bridging the Gap-The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gap-The Outcome of the Climate Conference in Copehagen and its Implications for the Land Transport Sector Jump to: navigation, search Name Bridging the Gap-The Outcome of the...

470

Streamflow Data from Small Basins: A Challenging Test to High-Resolution Regional Climate Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land surface models and large-scale hydrological models provide the basis for studying impacts of climate and anthropogenic changes on continental- to regional-scale hydrology. Hence, there is a need for comparison and validation of simulated ...

Kerstin Stahl; Lena M. Tallaksen; Lukas Gudmundsson; Jens H. Christensen

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

The Influence of Tropical Deforestation on the Northern Hemisphere Climate by Atmospheric Teleconnections  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerous studies have identified the regional-scale climate response to tropical deforestation through changes to water, energy, and momentum fluxes between the land surface and the atmosphere. There has been little research, however, on the role ...

Peter K. Snyder

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Amazonian Deforestation: Impact of Global Warming on the Energy Balance and Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled biosphere–atmosphere statistical–dynamical model is used to study the relative roles of the impact of the land change caused by tropical deforestation and global warming on energy balance and climate. Three experiments were made: 1) ...

E. C. Moraes; Sergio H. Franchito; V. Brahmananda Rao

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Improved Ground Hydrology Calculations for Global Climate Models (GCMs): Soil Water Movement and Evapotranspiration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A physically based ground hydrology model is developed to improve the land-surface sensible and latent heat calculations in global climate models (GCMs). The processes of transpiration, evaporation from intercepted precipitation and dew, ...

F. Abramopoulos; C. Rosenzweig; B. Choudhury

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Accelerated Changes of Environmental Conditions on the Tibetan Plateau Caused by Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variations of land surface parameters over the Tibetan Plateau have great importance on local energy and water cycles, the Asian monsoon, and climate change studies. In this paper, the NOAA/NASA Pathfinder Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (...

Lei Zhong; Zhongbo Su; Yaoming Ma; Mhd. Suhyb Salama; José A. Sobrino

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

A Review of Predictability Studies of Atlantic Sector Climate on Decadal Time Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This review paper discusses the physical basis and the potential for decadal climate predictability over the Atlantic and its adjacent land areas. Many observational and modeling studies describe pronounced decadal and multidecadal variability in ...

M. Latif; M. Collins; H. Pohlmann; N. Keenlyside

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

On the Proper Use of Satellite-Derived Leaf Area Index in Climate Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite-observed leaf area index (LAI) is increasingly being used in climate modeling. In common land surface models, LAI is specified for the vegetated part only. In contrast, satellite LAI is defined for the total area including both ...

Jianjun Ge

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Large-Scale Vegetation Feedbacks on a Doubled CO2 Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in vegetation cover are known to influence the climate system by modifying the radiative, momentum, and hydrologic balance of the land surface. To explore the interactions between terrestrial vegetation and the atmosphere for doubled ...

Samuel Levis; Jonathan A. Foley; David Pollard

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

The Temporal Variability of Soil Moisture and Surface Hydrological Quantities in a Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The variance budget of land surface hydrological quantities is analyzed in the second Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP2) simulation made with the Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis (CCCma) third-generation general ...

Vivek K. Arora; George J. Boer

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

The economic impacts of climate change : evidence from agricultural profits and random fluctuations in weather  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper measures the economic impact of climate change on US agricultural land by estimating the effect of the presumably random year-to-year variation in temperature and precipitation on agricultural profits. Using ...

Deschênes, Olivier

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

The Economic Impacts of Climate Change: Evidence from Agricultural Profits and Random Fluctuations of Weather  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper measures the economic impact of climate change on agricultural land in the United States by estimating the effect of the presumably random year-to-year variation in temperature and precipitation on agricultural ...

Deschenes, Olivier.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "land climate focus" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Land Stewardship | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Land Stewardship Land Stewardship Land Stewardship Mission The team advocates improved ecosystem health on LM properties in accordance with DOE Order 430.1B, Real Property Asset Management; federal regulations, such as the Endangered Species Act, the Noxious Weed Act, and the Wetlands and Floodplains Act; and in consideration of LM agreements with regulatory agencies and tribes. The team advocates identifying and proposing land management improvements on LM sites that are beneficial to ecosystems and improve remedy sustainability. Improvements are implemented with consideration of adjacent land uses, owners, and political entities. Success is defined when measurable parameters are achieved. Scope The team identifies and evaluates proposals to enhance ecosystem health at

482

Low Carbon Green Growth: Integrated Policy Approach to Climate Change for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Carbon Green Growth: Integrated Policy Approach to Climate Change for Low Carbon Green Growth: Integrated Policy Approach to Climate Change for Asia-Pacific Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Low Carbon Green Growth: Integrated Policy Approach to Climate Change for Asia-Pacific Developing Countries Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics: Background analysis, Low emission development planning Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.greengrowth.org/?q=publication/low-carbon-green-growth Country: Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam UN Region: South-Eastern Asia Coordinates: -2.95°, 106.5° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-2.95,"lon":106.5,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

483

Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture and Adaptation in Vietnam | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture and Adaptation in Vietnam Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture and Adaptation in Vietnam Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture and Adaptation in Vietnam Agency/Company /Organization: International Food Policy Research Institute Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Adaptation, Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment Resource Type: Publications Website: www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/ifpridp01015.pdf Country: Vietnam UN Region: South-Eastern Asia Coordinates: 14.058324°, 108.277199° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":14.058324,"lon":108.277199,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

484

Micro-level Practices to Adapt to Climate Change for African Small-scale  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

level Practices to Adapt to Climate Change for African Small-scale level Practices to Adapt to Climate Change for African Small-scale Farmers Jump to: navigation, search Name Micro-level Practices to Adapt to Climate Change for African Small-scale Farmers Agency/Company /Organization International Food Policy Research Institute Sector Land Focus Area Agriculture Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis Resource Type Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/u UN Region "Western Asia & North Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property., "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

485

Regional-Scale Climate Change: Observations and Model Simulations  

SciTech Connect

This collaborative proposal addressed key issues in understanding the Earthâ??s climate system, as highlighted by the U.S. Climate Science Program. The research focused on documenting past climatic changes and on assessing future climatic changes based on suites of global and regional climate models. Geographically, our emphasis was on the mountainous regions of the world, with a particular focus on the Neotropics of Central America and the Hawaiian Islands. Mountain regions are zones where large variations in ecosystems occur due to the strong climate zonation forced by the topography. These areas are particularly susceptible to changes in critical ecological thresholds, and we conducted studies of changes in phonological indicators based on various climatic thresholds.

Raymond S. Bradley; Henry F. Diaz

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

486

Evaluating the Land and Ocean Components of the Global Carbon Cycle in the CMIP5 Earth System Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors assess the ability of 18 Earth system models to simulate the land and ocean carbon cycle for the present climate. These models will be used in the next Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) for ...

A. Anav; P. Friedlingstein; M. Kidston; L. Bopp; P. Ciais; P. Cox; C. Jones; M. Jung; R. Myneni; Z. Zhu

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Climatic Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration has been proposed as a key component in technological portfolios for managing anthropogenic climate change, since it may provide a faster and cheaper route to significant reductions in atmospheric CO2 concentrations than abating CO2 production. However, CO2 sequestration is not a perfect substitute for CO2 abatement because CO2 may leak back into the atmosphere (thus imposing future climate change impacts) and because CO2 sequestration requires energy (thus producing more CO2 and depleting fossil fuel resources earlier). Here we use analytical and numerical models to assess the economic efficiency of CO2 sequestration and analyze the optimal timing and extent of CO2 sequestration. The economic efficiency factor of CO2 sequestration can be expressed as the ratio of the marginal net benefits of sequestering CO2 and avoiding CO2 emissions. We derive an analytical solution for this efficiency factor for a simplified case in which we account for CO2 leakage, discounting, the additional fossil fuel requirement of CO2 sequestration, and the growth rate of carbon taxes. In this analytical model, the economic efficiency of CO2 sequestration decreases as the CO2 tax growth rate, leakage rates and energy requirements for CO2 sequestration increase.

Klaus Keller; David Mcinerney; David F. Bradford

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Land Validation web site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

graphs and more worldwide NPP datasets graphs and more worldwide NPP datasets Graphs of biomass dyanmics and climate data for grassland sites have been added to the global terrestrial Net Primary Production (NPP) reference database at the ORNL DAAC. The NPP database has been compiled by Dick Olson and Jonathan Scurlock under the auspices of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme and funding from the Terrestrial Ecology Program of NASA's Office of Earth Science. Browsing through the graphs will help users to select data of interest, and to see relationships between grassland biomass changes and driving climate variables such as rainfall. Graphs are presently available for 14 of the 31 grassland sites. In addition, two more well-known worldwide datasets are available for browsing and downloading from the ORNL DAAC's NPP Web pages. The Osnabruck

489

Agriculture model development to improve performance of the Community Land  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Agriculture model development to improve performance of the Community Land Agriculture model development to improve performance of the Community Land Model April 3, 2013 The important relationships between climate change and agriculture are uncertain, particularly the feedbacks related to the carbon cycle. Nevertheless, vegetation models have not yet considered the full impacts of management practices and nitrogen feedbacks on the carbon cycle. We are working to meet this need. We have integrated three crop types (corn, soybean, and spring wheat) into the Community Land Model (CLM). In developing the agriculture version of CLM, we added plant processes related to management practices and nitrogen cycling. A manuscript documenting our changes to CLM has been accepted for publication in Geoscientific Model Development Discussions ("Modeling

490

Climate Change Simulations with CCSM and CESM Project at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate Change Climate Change Simulations with CCSM & CESM Climate Change Simulations with CCSM & CESM Key Challenges: Perform fundamental research on the processes that influence the natural variability of Earth's climate system and relate those processes to possible future manifestations of anthropogenic climate change. This work utilizes an emerging class of Earth System Models that include detailed physical, chemical, and biological processes as well as interactions and feedbacks in the atmosphere, oceans, and land surface, to carry out policy-relevant adaptation/mitigation scenarios. This involves using CCSM3.5 and CCSM4 at resolutions higher than ever possible before. Why it Matters: These studies will provide data for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report (IPCC AR5). The 2007 IPCC

491

Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change: A Guidance Manual for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change: A Guidance Manual for Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change: A Guidance Manual for Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change: A Guidance Manual for Development Planning Agency/Company /Organization: United States Agency for International Development Sector: Climate, Energy, Land, Water Topics: Adaptation Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADJ990.pdf References: Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change: A Guidance Manual for Development Planning[1] "This Adaptation Guidance Manual is the first of several tools we are developing to assist planners and stakeholders as they cope with a changing climate. As we work with Missions to apply the methods described here, we

492

Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from CDKN-CARICOM-Trinidad and Tobago-A Regional Implementation (Redirected from CDKN-CARICOM-Trinidad and Tobago-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework) Jump to: navigation, search Name Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago