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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

The effects of fixture type and HVAC integration on fluorescent lamp/ballast performance  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the effects of fixture type and lamp compartment air extract characteristics on lamp/ballast performance. A luminaire/plenum/HVAC simulator was used to measure minimum lamp wall temperature inside four fixture types while varying lamp-compartment extract conditions. Experimental data show that the lumen output of the lamp/ballast system varies by 20% and system efficacy by 10%, depending on the type of fixture and lamp-compartment extract technique employed.

Siminovitch, M.J.; Rubinstein, F.M.; Verderber, R.R.; Clark, T.A.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Fluorescent lamp ballast  

SciTech Connect

An electronic ballast is described having at least a first and second terminal for engaging the filaments of at least one fluorescent lamp which requires a breakdown voltage to ignite the lamp and a maintaining voltage for maintaining ionization therewithin, the electronic ballast comprising: a direct current voltage source; a transistor; a transformer having a primary winding separated into a first winding, a second winding, a third winding, and a fourth winding; the first winding connected between the voltage source and the first terminal; the second winding connected between the two terminals; the third winding connected between the second terminal and to both the transistor and to ground; the fourth winding connected between ground and the transistor; the lamp being parallel to the second winding when the lamp filaments engages the ballast terminals.

Ureche, A.

1987-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

3

Fluorescent lamp ballast  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an electronic ballast unit for a fluorescent lamp comprising: a circuit assembly having a pair of voltage input terminal and a first inductor and a capacitor in series relationship with each other to form a series resonant circuit. The circuit is adapted to be coupled to a fluorescent lamp to provide a starting voltage for the lamp; and a second inductor connected in shunt relationship to the first inductor and connected to the other input terminal. There is a core on which the first inductor and the second inductor are mounted. The core inductively couples the inductors with each other and are shaped to reduce core losses to minimize the increase of temperature of the core; the core is of a generally H-shaped configuration, and means of opposite ends of the H-shaped core to complete the magnetic flux path for each inductor, respectively.

Boyd, G.D.

1987-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

4

Selecting effective fluorescent lamp and ballast for retrofit in the continental United States. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Electrical lighting is a major contributor to daytime peak energy demand, accounting for about 30 percent of total electricity consumption in most Army facilities. Some of this energy may be wasted because many existing lighting systems at Army Installations use outmoded technologies. While recent technology has improved the energy efficiency of all lighting systems, fluorescent lighting-the most widely used interior building lighting-has shown the greatest efficiency gains. Retrofits using high-efficiency fluorescent lamps and ballasts can yield significant operating cost savings. High-efficiency fluorescent lighting systems are widely available, but current information on their performance characteristics is highly technical and not easily accessible to Army facility managers considering retrofit options. This report provides a single, accessible source that summarizes fluorescent lamp and ballast performance characteristics and outlines selection procedures. Fluorescent lamp, Retrofit, Ballast, Lighting. Energy conservation.

Taylor, W.R.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Nature of the effect of the ballast volumes of flash lamps on their emission  

SciTech Connect

The cause of the decrease in laser efficiency during pumping by flash lamps with increased ballast volumes is the unproductive loss of radiation, originating from the ballast volumes, and the associated change in the radiation brightness distribution along the length of the lamp. The increase radiation brightness at the electrodes of the light source is not the result of constriction of the discharge or the luminescence of the electrode plasma erosion, but is due to the slowing down of the plasma flows by the surface of the electrodes and to the slowing down of the ionized gas moving from the ballast volumes when it meets the denser plasma of the discharge zone. The profile of the current lines at the electrodes is established and the frequency of the axial oscillations of the plasma in the lamp is determined.

Basov, Yu.G.; Makarov, V.N.; Narkhova, G.I.

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Compatibility testing of fluorescent lamp and ballast systems  

SciTech Connect

The rapid growth in the use of electronic ballasts for fluorescent lighting systems, and the corresponding increase in the number of new products and new manufacturers in the market, has raised a number of questions regarding the compatibility of the lamps and ballasts used in fluorescent systems. Because many of the new products start and operate lamps differently than previous products, the relevant American National Standards Institute requirements may no longer be adequate for addressing compatibility concerns. The impacts on system performance of the newer products of a parametric study designed to test key hypotheses regarding the impact of ballast parameters on fluorescent lamp life. In this study, samples of 4-ft T8 fluorescent lamps were operated on duty cycles of 5 min on and 5 min off, using seven different ballast types. The results of the study indicate which parameters seem to have the biggest effect on lamp life, and can be used in establishing new performance standards for fluorescent systems.

Ji, Y.; Davis, R.; O' Rourke, C.; Chui, E.W.M.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Hybrid electronic ballast operating the HPS lamp at constant power  

SciTech Connect

A hybrid solid-state ballast that operates high-pressure sodium (HPS) lamps at main frequency with constant power through rated life is described. The system utilizes two inductors connected in series and a bidirectional semiconductor switch connected in parallel to one of them. A lamp-starting circuit has also been included in the ballast. The static switch, with phase angle control provided by power feedback, actuates on lamp current compensating variations of the main voltage and increases of lamp arc voltage. The system offers the following: (1) increase of lamp life and system lumen maintenance; (2) power factor and total harmonic distortion of line current comparable to conventional lag ballast; and (3) operating cost savings, both in terms of energy cost and lamp replacement cost.

Kaiser, W. [Univ. de Sao Paulo (Brazil)

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Identification of lamp ballasts containing PCBs. Revised edition. Report no. EPS 2/CC/2  

SciTech Connect

Fluorescent lamp ballast capacitors are among the products that may contain polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Questions about lamp ballasts concern the potential for leakage, the risk of heating and exploding, how to identify a ballast which contains PCBs, and the risk to human health. This study identifies those ballasts containing PCB-filled capacitors; the domestic and foreign manufacturers of PCB-containing ballasts; the total quantity of PCBs used in ballasts; and any potential problems. The study does not identify the risks of human health arising from the use of PCB-ballasts in fluorescent lamps.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

The Energy Efficiency of the U.S Fluorescent Lamp Ballast Industry  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Energy Efficiency of the U.S Fluorescent Lamp Ballast Industry The Energy Efficiency of the U.S Fluorescent Lamp Ballast Industry Speaker(s): Francis Rubinstein Date: February 14, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Fluorescent lamp ballasts are subject to DOE appliance standards and rulemaking. But currently, only ballasts for older fluorescent lamp types, such as T-12 lamps are subject to minimum efficacy limits. The majority of fluorescent lamps now being shipped (T-8 and T-5 types) type are operated by ballasts that will not be subject to DOE rule until 2011. The metric used by DOE for characterizing the electrical efficiency of the fluorescent lamp-ballast system is called Ballast Efficacy Factor (BEF). Because BEF is not normalized, it is of limited utility for rulemaking and is useless for procurement. But by normalizing BEF to the total lamp power, I have

10

Electronic screw-in ballast and improved circline lamp phase I. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A solid state ballast has been designed for the efficient operation of a 10 in circline fluorescent lamp. The circuit can be manufactured using power hybrid technology. Eight discrete component versions of the ballasts have been delivered to LBL for testing. The results show the solid state fluorescent ballast system is more efficient than the core-coil ballasted systems on the market.

Kohler, T.P.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

High frequency electronic ballast for HID lamps. Technical progress report, October 1, 1993--December 31, 1994  

SciTech Connect

Electronic Ballast Systems Corp. has been working on the development of highly efficient (94%) electronic ballast for HID lamps (35W,...,400W) providing energy savings of up to thirty five percent (35%) as compared to the only available alternative, the standard core and coil HID ballasts currently on the market.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Research on Active Power Factor Correction of the Electronic Ballast for High-Pressure Sodium Lamps Based on L6563  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the recent years, there has been a growing interest in the design of high-pressure sodium lamp electronic ballast. Two measures are proposed to improve the power factor of high-pressure sodium lamp electronic ballasts from the definition of harmonic ... Keywords: high-pressure sodium lamps, electronic ballast, active power factor correction, L6563

Sun Jing

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

A new optimized fluorescent lamp and ballast for low-energy general lighting applications  

SciTech Connect

A new fluorescent lamp and ballast system has been developed which minimizes system input power while maintaining light output close to values provided by conventional lamps and ballasts. The 28-WT-12 lamp designed for the new system utilizes a redesigned electrode structure which allows the lamp to be started in the rapid start manner but operated in an instant start mode to maximize the discharge efficacy (lumens/watt) while reducing lamp cathode power requirements. A matching two-lamp ballast incorporates a solid-state switching device to turn off the cathode heating circuit automatically once the lamps have started. Both lamps and ballasts are physically interchangeable with conventional equipment so that existing luminaires can be converted without luminaire, lampholder, and wiring modifications. This new lamp/ballast system can achieve efficacy values exceeding 80 lm/W--more than 25 percent better than the performance of conventional fluorescent systems of the early 1970's-along with the excellent life and reliability characteristics typical of electromagnetically ballasted systems. Economic analyses indicate that the new system is appropriate for many new commercial general lighting installations, although it is particularly suitable as a retrofit system for installations where power reductions are essential but where conversion costs must be minimized and illumination levels preserved.

Hammer, E.E.; McGowan, T.K.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Performance of electronic ballasts and lighting controllers with 34-W fluorescent lamps: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This study has measured the performance of energy-saving 34-watt F40, T-12, rapid-start, lite white fluorescent lamps being operated by solid-state ballasts and lighting control equipment. The performances of these lamps are compared with those of 40-watt F40, T-12 rapid-start cool white fluorescent lamp systems studied in the prior phase of this project. With the 34-watt F40 lamps and various solid-state ballasts, system efficacy ranged from 67 to 84 lumens per watt and ballast factor from 0.756 to 0.908. Average system efficacy using the 34-watt lamps exceeded that of systems using 40-watt lamps and the same solid-state ballasts by only 1 percent even though the 34-watt lamps is about 6 percent more efficacious than the 40-watt lamp. This apparent discrepancy is due to increased ballast losses when operating the 34-watt lamps. However, the system efficacy of the 34-watt lamps used with a solid-state ballast exceeded that of a 34-watt, two-lamp system using the standard core-coil ballast by as much as 29 percent. A T-8 fluorescent lamp system with a smaller lamp diameter was also included in the study. Operating this lamp with a solid-state ballast produced a high system efficacy of 90 lumens per watt, a 39 percent improvement over the efficacy of a 40-watt F40 system using the standard core-coil ballast. The use of static controllers with 34-watt F40 lamps can result in excessive flickering (46 percent) and the generation of a second harmonic as high as 96 percent of the fundamental frequency. The dynamic controllers, when used to dim the 34-watt lamps generally cannot be dimmed as low as the 40-watt lamp system without flickering. In general, the 34-watt energy-saving lamps are appropriate as a retrofit to reduce illumination levels. However, for new construction, the 40-watt F40 argon filled lamps cost less, perform better, and provide a more reliable system. 5 refs., 27 figs., 9 tabs.

Verderber, R.R.

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Electronic Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts Used in 4-Foot Fixtures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents tests performed at the EPRI Power Electronics Applications Center (PEAC) Power Quality Test Facility to characterize ballast energy performance, emissions, and immunity from a PQ perspective.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

16

Zero energy-storage ballast for compact fluorescent lamps  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A CFL ballast includes complementary-type switching devices connected in series with their gates connected together at a control node. The switching devices supply a resonant tank circuit which is tuned to a frequency near, but slightly lower than, the resonant frequency of a resonant control circuit. As a result, the tank circuit restarts oscillations immediately following each zero crossing of the bus voltage. Such rapid restarts avoid undesirable flickering while maintaining the operational advantages and high efficacy of the CFL ballast.

Schultz, William Newell (Niskayuna, NY); Thomas, Robert James (Rexford, NY)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

High intensity discharge lamp self-adjusting ballast system sensitive to the radiant energy or heat of the lamp  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a self-adjusting ballast system for mercury vapor, high intensity discharge lamps having outputs of 100 watts or greater, comprising: a direct current source; a lamp circuit containing a high intensity discharge lamp; sensing means for sensing the radiant energy output of the lamp; a pulse width modulator which, in response to the output of the sensing means, varies the width of the pulses that power the lamp during warm-up of the lamp; a high frequency oscillator; a DC to AC converter that converts current from the direct source to pulses of alternating current for powering the lamp, the converter comprising: at least one switch for gating current to the lamp; a switch control means, responsive to the high frequency oscillator, for controlling the switch and controlling the frequency of the alternating current pulses that power the lamp; current sensing means for sensing the current being supplied to the lamp; and current control means for limiting the current through the lamp to a predetermined safe level when the current sensed by the current sensing means exceeds a reference value.

Kuhnel, D.S.; Ottenstein, S.A.

1987-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

18

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts: LED Reflector Lamp  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LED Reflector Lamp LED Reflector Lamp LED Reflector Lamp Objective LED reflector lamp The goal of this project is to develop a revolutionary new reflector lamp which offers many advantages over current incandescent reflector lamps, including: three times greater efficiency ten times the rated life greater optical and performance properties use of light emitting diodes (LEDs) to generate the light. Although LEDs have been commercially available since the late 1960Â’s, recent dramatic improvements in LED technology have led to white light devices with efficiencies that meet or exceed those of a standard incandescent lamp. This project will build upon these improvements to develop a new type of source for focusing light. Contact Information For more information on this project, please contact:

19

Zero energy-storage ballast for compact fluorescent lamps  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A CFL ballast includes complementary-type switching devices connected in series with their gates connected together at a control node. The switching devices supply a resonant tank circuit which is tuned to a frequency near, but slightly lower than, the resonant frequency of a resonant control circuit. As a result, the tank circuit restarts oscillations immediately following each zero crossing of the bus voltage. Such rapid restarts avoid undesirable flickering while maintaining the operational advantages and high efficacy of the CFL ballast. 4 figs.

Schultz, W.N.; Thomas, R.J.

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

20

Energy Performance and Emissions of Electronic Ballasts Powering 4-Foot Fluorescent Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents tests performed at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute, in contract with the EPRI Power Electronics Applications Center (PEAC) to determine the average efficacy (lumens per watt), displacement power factor, total power factor, and current harmonic distortion of modern electronic ballasts powering fluorescent lamps.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Integrated-circuit control for two-lamp electronic ballast. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Circuitry is described for a solid-state, high-frequency fluorescent ballast designed to operate two F40 T-12 rapid-start lamps. The circuits are designed to be produced by hybrid integrated circuit (IC) technology. The signal components are produced on a single IC chip; the power transistors are attached to an alumina substrate. The initial IC version reduces the component count by about 50%. The cost of each IC in 500K lots is $0.70, replacing discrete parts costing $2.25. Additional savings of more than $1.00 per unit are realized by the decreased assembly time and improved reliability of the ICs. The system performance (two-lamp F40) was compared to the discrete version of the ballast and to an efficient core-coil ballast and found to be 6% less and 20% more efficient, respectively. The decrease in efficiency relative to the discrete version of the ballast is due to retaining some power to the filaments during operation in order to maintain normal lamp life.

Kohler, T.P.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Electronic ballast improves efficiency  

SciTech Connect

As part of a DOE program, the performance of various electronic ballasts for fluorescent lamps have been evaluated relative to high quality core-coil ballasts under similar ambient conditions. The results of this investigation are reported. Real energy savings can exceed 40% while comfort and quality of illumination are improved. A detailed comparison of two types of ballast is presented. Voltage effects and temperature effects as well as dimming features are discussed. Light levels, power energy consumption, and daylighting are also treated. It is concluded that, with the electronic ballast, an annual payback of $8.20/yr is possible as compared to the core-coil ballasted fluorescent lamp. Further, much greater flexibility in use is possible with the electronic ballast equipped lamp. (MJJ)

Verderber, R.R.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Capacitor ballast  

SciTech Connect

The specification discloses a capacitive ballast for operating a gas discharge lamp from a conventional low frequency power source. The effective restart voltage during each cycle is enhanced by a trigger capacitor or pulse transformer which functions to produce a short duration reignition current. Properly timed, the reduced lamp voltage caused by the injection of the reignition current will be approximately equal to the difference between the instantaneous potential of the power source at the time of reignition and the instantaneous magnitude of the voltage across the ballast capacitor. The proper magnitude of lamp current is thus re-established during each half cycle and thereafter sustained at a value which equals the rate of change of voltage across the ballast capacitor.

Jimerson, B.D.

1984-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

24

High frequency transformerless electronics ballast using double inductor-capacitor resonant power conversion for gas discharge lamps  

SciTech Connect

A novel high frequency LCLC double resonant electronic ballast has been developed for gas discharge lamp applications. The ballast consists of a half-bridge inverter which switches at zero voltage crossing and an LCLC resonant circuit which converts a low ac voltage to a high ac voltage. The LCLC resonant circuit has two LC stages. The first LC stage produces a high voltage before the lamp is ignited. The second LC stage limits lamp current with the circuit inductance after the lamp is ignited. In another embodiment a filament power supply is provided for soft start up and for dimming the lamp. The filament power supply is a secondary of the second resonant inductor. 27 figs.

Lai, J.S.

1995-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

25

Experimental methodology for determining the system performance of fluorescent lamp, ballast, fixture combinations operating under realistic application conditions  

SciTech Connect

To meet the need for accurate performance data, an experimental method for determining the performance of lamp, ballast, and luminaire combinations operating under a broad range of realistic conditions was developed. The methodology employs a two-part experimental procedure. The first part uses a temperature-controlled luminous flux integrator to characterize the thermal performance of each lamp/ballast combination. This performance characterization is expressed in terms of light output and efficacy as a function of variations in minimum lamp wall temperature (MLWT) and is generated for the range of temperatures typically encountered in interior lighting applications. The second procedure uses a luminaire/plenum simulator to determine the specific MLWT that exists in a particular luminaire application as a function of luminaire type, mounting configuration, plenum integration, and room air temperature. The MLWTs thus measured may be used in conjunction with the lamp/ballast performance data to determine application-specific values of light output and efficacy for a given lamp/ballast/luminaire system.

Siminovitch, M.J.; Rubinstein, F.M.; Verderber, R.R.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Effect of filament power removal on a fluorescent lamp system  

SciTech Connect

Two techniques are used to measure the effects of removing the filament power from a two-lamp, F-40, rapid-start fluorescent lamp system. The changes are measured for a standard CBM core-coil ballast and for a solid-state ballast operating the lamp at high frequency. There is a 4 tp 6% increase in system efficacy when the filament power is removed. Removal of filament power also decreases filament temperature from 1000/sup 0/C to below 700/sup 0/C in lamps operated at 60 Hz, and from above 600/sup 0/C to 300/sup 0/C in lamps operated at high frequency. The study shows that the arc current and anode fall also determine filament temperature.

Verderber, R.R.; Morse, O.; Rubinstein, F.M.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Performance of electronic ballasts and other new lighting equipment: (Phase 2, The 34-watt F40 rapid start T-12 fluorescent lamp): Final report  

SciTech Connect

This study has measured the performance of energy-saving 34-watt F40, T-12, rapid-start, lite white fluorescent lamps being operated by solid-state ballasts and lighting control equipment. The performances of these lamp systems are compared with those of 40-watt F40, T-12 rapid-start cool white fluorescent lamp systems studied in the prior phase of this project. With the 34-watt F40 lamps and various solid-state ballasts, system efficacy ranged from 67 to 84 lumens per watt and ballast factor from 0.756 to 0.908. Average system efficacy using the 34-watt lamps exceeded that of systems using 40-watt lamps and the same solid-state ballasts by only 1 percent even though the 34-watt lamps is about 6 percent more efficacious than the 40-watt lamp. This apparent discrepancy is due to increased ballast losses when operating the 34-watt lamps. However, the systems efficacy of the 34-watt lamps used with a solid-state ballast exceeded that of a 34-watt, two-lamp system using the standard core-coil ballast by as much as 29 percent. A T-8 fluorescent lamp system with a smaller lamp diameter was also included in the study. Operating this lamp with a solid-state ballast produced a high system efficacy of 90 lumens per watt, a 39 percent improvement over the efficacy of a 40-watt F40 system using the standard core-coil ballast. The use of static controllers with 34-watt F40 lamps can result in excessive flickering (46 percent) and the generation of a second harmonic as high as 96 percent of the fundamental frequency. The dynamic controllers, when used to dim the 34-watt lamps generally cannot be dimmed as low as the 40-watt lamp system without flickering. In general, the 34-watt energy-saving lamps are appropriate as a retrofit to reduce illumination levels. However, for new construction, the 40-watt F40 argon filled lamps cost less, perform better, and provide a more reliable system. 5 refs., 27 figs., 9 tabs.

Verderber, R.R.; Morse, O.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Exploration of illumination concepts for underground coal mines. Appendix E. Electronic ballast for the Lucalox high pressure sodium lamp. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The report documents the results of an investigation to develop solid-state ballasts for Lucalox high-pressure sodium lamps. The ballasts were to be used in the modified and new portable and machine-mounted lighting systems designed by the Crouse-Hinds Co., per tasks I through IV of Contract No. H022065.

1976-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

29

Phase II report on energy efficient electronic ballasts for a two-40 watt fluorescent lamp system  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) has established a project aimed at accelerating the commercialization of electronic ballasts. During the Phase I portion of the project a small quantity of ballasts and other hardware were delivered for independent testing. Results verified the claims for energy savings and other unique and advantageous features of the electronic ballast. Phase II, a large scale field demonstration, is reported. The demonstration is being conducted by LBL and the Pacific Gas and Electric Company in the PG and E headquarters building in downtown San Fracisco. The test demonstration hardware is being procured. Included are two models of energy saving ballasts; two dimmer systems that show the potential for additional power savings; and, two models of Automatic Emergency Light Systems. Installation of ballasts and the beginning of actual test operations were originally scheduled for February 1978. However, slippages in hardware deliveries have caused a three-month delay. Testing at PG and E is now scheduled to begin in June 1978. Even though broad scale results from the Phase II demonstration at PG and E are not yet available, performance and versatility advantages of the electronic ballast have been demonstrated. They offer a clear incentive to the industry for development and production of reliable hardware that will be competitively saleable on a long term cost-of-lighting basis.

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Process for environmentally safe disposal of used fluorescent lamp potted ballast assemblies with component part reclamation and/or recycling  

SciTech Connect

A process is described for the environmentally safe and economical disposal of used fluorescent lamp potted ballast housing assemblies comprising removing from the housing the potted assembly with its embedded electrical component assemblies including a component capacitor containing environmentally hazardous material PCB's; after or before such removing, immersing the potted assembly in a cryogenic bath and freezing the same to reader the potting sufficiently brittle to fragment into small pieces upon being impacted; impacting the potting thoroughly to crush and fragment the same into small pieces and to cleanly remove substantially all traces of the potting from all the electrical components and parts embedded therein and without imparting damage to the components and parts; disconnecting the component containing the environmentally hazardous material; and incinerating only the component containing the environmentally hazardous material, leaving all other components and parts including the housing and potting fragments for salvage, re-use and/or recycling.

Nardella, A.; Norian, B.

1993-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

31

Fluorescent fixtures and ballasts  

SciTech Connect

The basic parameters of a fluorescent lighting system that affect the illumination level are discussed. The parameters include the thermal performance of the fixture and the ballast factor, voltage regulation, and thermal regulation of the ballast/lamp system. Fixtures determine the minimum lamp-wall temperature of the lamps and are described as hot or cold. That is, the lamp-wall temperatures can vary from 39 to 61/sup 0/C. In general, cool fixtures tend to provide higher light levels and are more efficacious for a given ballast/lamp system. Solid-state fluorescent ballast/lamp systems have been measured and show a variation in light output from 6170 to 3780 lumens for the two-lamp, F-40, T-12, rapid-start lamps. Lighting designers must obtain this information in order to accurately predict illumination levels in a space.

Verderber, R.R.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Assessment of Electrical, Efficiency, and Photometric Performance of Advanced Lighting Sources: Dimmable Advanced Lighting Technolog ies -- Electronic (Hot and Cold Cathode) Compact Fluorescent Lamps and Ballasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update (EPRI report 1018477) is one of four in a series that addresses basic dimming performance of advanced lighting sourceselectronic (hot and cold cathode) compact fluorescent lamps and ballasts Chapter 1 discusses basic lighting control, the importance of considering power quality in lighting control, lighting control methods and parameters, and the advantages and future of lighting control. Chapter 2 addresses in more depth dimming methods used in advanced lighting sources and co...

2008-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

33

The effects of supply harmonics on the performance of compact fluorescent lamps  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a performance evaluation of ten compact fluorescent lighting systems operated with sinusoidal and distorted voltage waveform conditions. The lamps were either provided with an electronic ballast, a magnetic core ballast or a magnetic core ballast with a power factor correction circuit. The test results show that the electrical performance of the compact fluorescent lamps for both sinusoidal and distorted voltage waveform operation is related to the different types of ballast used. The cost of operation of these compact fluorescent lamps was calculated and compared to the cost of a conventional 60 W incandescent lamp.

Arseneau, R.; Ouellette, M.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Energy-efficient H. I. D. solid-state ballast: Phase II final report. [150 watt high pressure sodium lamp  

SciTech Connect

The following report presents the results of Phase II, Development of Solid State 150 watt High Pressure Sodium Ballasts. Basically, the objectives of the development program were accomplished, i.e., greater than 90% efficiency, greater than 90% power factor, regulation equivalent to ferro-magnetic ballasts, and energy savings sufficient to warrant the further development of the solid-state HPS ballast for commercial production and marketing. 8 figs., 5 tabs.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Electronic high frequency fluorescent ballasts (past, present and future)  

SciTech Connect

Based upon the years of development and manufacture as well as a documented three and one-half year life test the reliability of the electronic high frequency ballast concept has been established. There are several characteristics that can be used to assess a ballast's performance with respect to cost effectiveness, lamp life and power quality. The higher cost of the electronic ballast is due to the demand exceeding the supply. With more competition in an expanding market the price of ballasts will be significantly reduced. 4 refs.

Verderber, R.R.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

The Effects of Table Lamp Shade Shape and Compact Fluorescent...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Effects of Table Lamp Shade Shape and Compact Fluorescent Lamp Burning Position on Visual Comfort Speaker(s): Zaidi Abdullah Date: March 15, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90...

37

Compact Fluorescent Plug-In Ballast-in-a-Socket  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary goal of this program was to develop a ballast system for plug-in CFLs (compact fluorescent lamps) that will directly replace standard metal shell, medium base incandescent lampholders (such as Levition No. 6098) for use with portable lamp fixtures, such as floor, table and desk lamps. A secondary goal was to identify a plug-in CFL that is optimized for use with this ballast. This Plug-in CFL Ballastin-a-Socket system will allow fixture manufacturers to easily manufacture CFL-based high-efficacy portable fixtures that provide residential and commercial consumers with attractive, cost-effective, and energy-efficient fixtures for use wherever portable incandescent fixtures are used today. The advantages of this proposed system over existing CFL solutions are that the fixtures can only be used with high-efficacy CFLs, and they will be more attractive and will have lower life-cycle costs than screw-in or adapter-based CFL retrofit solutions. These features should greatly increase the penetration of CFL's into the North American market. Our work has shown that using integrated circuits it is quite feasible to produce a lamp-fixture ballast of a size comparable to the current Edison-screw 3-way incandescent fixtures. As for price points for BIAS-based fixtures, end-users polled by the Lighting Research Institute at RPI indicated that they would pay as much as an additional $10 for a lamp containing such a ballast. The ballast has been optimized to run with a 26 W amalgam triple biax lamp in the base-down position, yet can accept non-amalgam versions of the lamp. With a few part alterations, the ballast can be produced to support 32 W lamps as well. The ballast uses GE's existing L-Comp[1] power topology in the circuit so that the integrated circuit design would be a design that could possibly be used by other CFL and EFL products with minor modifications. This gives added value by reducing cost and size of not only the BIAS, but also possibly other integral CFL and future dimmable integral and plug-in versions of the EFL products.

Rebecca Voelker

2001-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

38

ON-SITE DEMONSTRATION PROCEDURE FOR SOLID-STATE FLUORESCENT BALLAST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

state ballast supplies electrical power to the lamp at acan transform the input electrical power to the lamp morethe measurement of electrical power, voltage, and current if

Verderber, Rudy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

New and Underutilized Technology: HID Electronic/Dimming Ballasts |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HID Electronic/Dimming Ballasts HID Electronic/Dimming Ballasts New and Underutilized Technology: HID Electronic/Dimming Ballasts October 7, 2013 - 8:51am Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations for HID electronic/dimming ballasts within the Federal sector. Benefits Most HID electronic/dimming ballasts, typically metal halide or high-pressure sodium lamps, are currently driven by magnetic ballasts. Several manufacturers now offer electronic ballasts for these lamps, which promise better efficiency, longer lamp life, and faster startup and re-strike. Application HID electronic/dimming ballasts are applicable in exterior/security lighting and facilities with high bay areas. Key Factors for Deployment Federal agencies must evaluate relative costs, benefits, and application of

40

DEFINING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF UV LAMPS  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

ARTI-21CR/610-40030-01 ARTI-21CR/610-40030-01 DEFINING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF UV LAMPS INSTALLED IN CIRCULATING AIR DUCTWORK Final Report Date Published - November 2002 Douglas VanOsdell and Karin Foarde RTI P.O. Box 12194 Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2194 Prepared for the AIR-CONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE 4100 N. Fairfax Drive, Suite 200, Arlington, Virginia 22203 Distribution A - Approved for public release; further dissemination unlimited. DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology Institute (ARTI) under its "HVAC&R Research for the 21 st Century" (21-CR) program. Neither ARTI, the financial supporters of the 21-CR program, or any agency

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Energy efficient fluorescent ballasts. Phase I, final report  

SciTech Connect

The development of a high-frequency electronic (Stevens) ballast for fluorescent lamps is described. It is claimed that use of this ballast could reduce use energy consumption by 1.2 to 2.5 percent. The Stevens ballast has a basic efficiency of 29 percent when used with conventional lamps. With the more efficient lamps, the efficiency increases drastically. The conventional ballast and lamp has an efficiacy of approximately 60 to 63 lumens per watt (LPW). With the Stevens ballast the efficiacy raises to between 75 and 80 lumens per watt. When the Stevens ballast is utilized with the newer high efficiency lamps the efficiacy increases to 90 to 95 lumens per watt or a full 51 percent improvement over conventional coil and core ballasts and 25 percent over the best high efficiency premium coil and core ballasts. In addition to its energy savings capabilities, this high frequency fluorescent lamp ballast has the advantages that it is a true retrofit device that is directly interchangeable with the conventional coil core ballast, and it is dimmable over a wide and continuous range. (LCLC)

Stevens Luminoptics Corporation

1978-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

42

Fixture conditions affect lamp performance  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the major parameters that affect fluorescent lamp performance under fixture conditions. These parameters include fixture type, and HVAC integration, which directly determine the minimum lamp wall temperature (MLWT), and therefore, the resulting light output of the lamp/ballast system. Experimental data is presented showing that the lumen output of the lamp/ballast system can vary by as much as 20% and that the system efficacy can vary by 10% depending upon the type of fixture and HVAC system employed. 4 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Siminovitch, M.J.; Rubinstein, F.M.; Verderber, R.R.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Fluorescent lamp dimming adaptor kit  

SciTech Connect

An add-on fluorescent lamp dimming adaptor is described for connecting to a conventional nondimming ballast in a fluorescent lighting system, the system including a source of ac voltage. The ballast has terminals for connecting to a fluorescent lamp, the adaptor comprising: a switching module adapted to be coupled to the terminals for switching current from the lamp, the switching module being connected in parallel with the lamp to divert current from the lamp when the switching module conducts; and a level control coupled to the switching module, the level control controlling the conductive state of the switching module to vary the current in the lamp according to a dimming control signal supplied to the level control, the level control causing the switching module to switch at a frequency in the range of 300 hertz and higher during times that the lamp current is being varied.

Alley, R.P.

1987-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

44

Compact fluorescent lamp using horizontal and vertical insulating septums and convective venting geometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel design is described for a compact fluorescent lamp, including a lamp geometry which will increase light output and efficacy of the lamp in a base down operating position by providing horizontal and vertical insulating septums positioned in the ballast compartment of the lamp to provide a cooler coldspot. Selective convective venting provides additional cooling of the ballast compartment. 9 figs.

Siminovitch, M.

1998-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

45

Compact fluorescent lamp using horizontal and vertical insulating septums and convective venting geometry  

SciTech Connect

A novel design for a compact fluorescent lamp, including a lamp geometry which will increase light output and efficacy of the lamp in a base down operating position by providing horizontal and vertical insulating septums positioned in the ballast compartment of the lamp to provide a cooler coldspot. Selective convective venting provides additional cooling of the ballast compartment.

Siminovitch, Michael (El Sobrante, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

PHASE I FINAL REPORT SUBCONTRACT NO. 2019702 "ENERGY EFFICIENT FLUORESCENT BALLASTS"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stabilize ballast at 235 volts input AC for 60 seconds withI Sec. (Lamp) E Cathode Ckt Volt: Yel Dum. Load Full. L.O.Factor Same lamps used = Watts/Volt-Amps, Approx. accuracy +

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Ballast users plug life span, cooling savings into paybacks  

SciTech Connect

Energy-efficient ballasts are saving fluorescent lamp users energy expenses by reducing cooling as well as lighting costs and by extending bulb life. Retrofit calculations should include the cost of installing new ballasts with union labor. Three users describe their installations and their use of either simple payback or simple payback including replacement savings. (DCK)

Duffy, J.

1983-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

48

Design and analysis of an electronic ballast with a secondary DC output  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An electronic ballast circuit for a high-frequency operated fluorescent lamp, which uses switched-capacitor techniques, is presented in this paper. A part of energy in the electronic ballast is derived to a secondary DC output as a power supply. All ... Keywords: DC power supply, electronic ballast, energy recovery, resonant converter

K. W. E. Cheng; H. Y. Wang; D. K. W. Cheng

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Energy efficiency and performance of solid state ballasts  

SciTech Connect

The performance of solid state ballasts for operating fluorescent lamps measured in a controlled laboratory environment are described and compared to the performance of typical core-coil type ballasts. Parameters of interest include efficiency, conducted and radiated EMI and results of some accelerated lamp life tests. The experimental design of the demonstration to retrofit three floors of an office building with solid state ballasts to evaluate their reliability and energy savings in a variety of applications is described. The most recent experimental results are presented.

Verderber, R.; Selkowitz, S.; Berman, S.

1978-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Analysis and experimental results of a single-stage high-power-factor electronic ballast based on flyback converter  

SciTech Connect

A new single-stage high-power-factor electronic ballast based on a flyback converter is presented in this paper. The ballast is able to supply a fluorescent lamp assuring a high-input power factor for the utility line. Other features are lamp power regulation against line voltage variations and low lamp current crest factor, both assuring long lamp life. The ballast is analyzed at steady-state operation, and design equations and characteristics are obtained. Also, a procedure for the ballast design is presented. Finally, simulation and experimental results from a laboratory prototype are shown.

Calleja, A.J.; Alonso, J.M.; Lopez, E.; Ribas, J.; Martinez, J.A.; Rico-Secades, M.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Important design parameters for solid-state ballasts  

SciTech Connect

Solid-state ballasts represent a significant new business opportunity for many companies. While at first glance the development of a ballast or electronic power supply to light a fluoresent or high-intensity discharge lamp does not present major technical hurdles, these are established standards which must be met for a ballast to be techinically viable. Some of the issues which may no be apparent to an engineer with little or no lighting industry experience are highlighted, and appropriate standards which are helpful when contemplating a high-frequency solid-state ballast design are documented.

Alling, W.R. (Diablo Scientific Labs Ltd., Danville, CA (US))

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Long-Term Performance of Screwbase Compact Fluorescent Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The packaging material for compact fluorescent lamps normally includes some claim regarding expected lamp lifetime. This claimed lifetime is generally not obtained through rigorous testing. This study shows how different operating cycles, components, and lamp and ballast designs affect screwbase compact fluorescent lamp (SCFL) life.

2000-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

53

The effect of lighting system components on lighting quality, energy use, and life-cycle cost  

SciTech Connect

A computational method was developed to examine the effect of lamp, ballast, and fixture selection on the quality and quantity of illumination, energy consumption, and life-cycle cost of lighting systems. Applying this analysis to lighting layouts using different lamp/ballast/fixture combinations suggested that combinations with higher lumen outputs reduced the uniformity of the illuminance distribution at the workplace but did not reduce visibility levels. The use of higher lumen output lamp/ballast/fixture systems and higher efficiency components tended to reduce life-cycle costs as long as the premium cost of the components was not too high.

Rubinstein, F.; Clark, T.; Siminovitch, M.; Verderber, R.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Spectral distribution of dimmed HID lamps in a plant growth facility  

SciTech Connect

A commercial dimming ballast system for high intensity discharge (HID) lamps has been tested for use in plant growth chambers. The dimming ballast system can be controlled either manually at the dimming panel or by a d.c. voltage from a programmer or computer. Using the dimming system, photosynthetically active radiation can be continuously varied from about 200 to about 2000 ..mu..E m/sup -2/s/sup -1/. This paper shows the effects of dimming on the spectral intensity (400 to 750 nm) of three types of HID lamps measured individually and in combination to achieve a better spectral mix. The lamps used in this study were 400 w metal halide, mercury vapor and high pressure sodium.

Bingham, G.E.; Coyne, P.I.

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Performance of electronic ballasts and other new lighting equipment  

SciTech Connect

This study discusses parameters for selecting the most suitable auxiliary lighting device to operate and control gas-discharge lamps. The devices tested in this study include solid-state, fluorescent, and high-intensity discharge (HID) ballasts; current limiters; and dynamic lighting controls. They have been evaluated when operating the standard, 40-W, F-40, T-12, rapid-start, cool-white fluorescent lamps. Solid-state ballast performance varied widely, from 68 to 79 lumens per watt (1m/W) in efficacy, and from 0.83 to 0.98 in ballast factor. System efficacy was measured at up to 26% higher than standard core-coil ballast efficacy.

Verderber, R.R.; Morse, O.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

COST EFFECTIVENESS OF LONG LIFE INCANDESCENT LAMPS AND ENERGY BUTTONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

button, a 100 watt (130 volt) lamp, a 100 watt long lifeFluorescent Watt L I ltage (volts) cu ge ic in s) ative ( 1the diode energy button (83 volts) was obtained by dividing

Verderber, Rudy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Energy efficiency lighting on board naval ships: Phase 2 (The T-8 lamp system)  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the development and performance of the T-8 fluorescent lamp-ballast system. Similar to the Phase I effort, the cooperation of the lamp and ballast companies (GTE, North American Philips Lighting, and IOTA Engineering) were required for the successful result. The above companies submitted prototype lamps and ballasts to the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Lighting Group to evaluate. The lamp designs were modified as required and the optimum system selected. Two-lamp designs and one ballast were chosen and tested to determine if they met the Navy specifications. The second section describes the lamp-ballast specifications. This section includes the measured thermal performance from an ambient of 10/degree/C to 60/degree/C. 1 ref., 8 figs., 11 tabs.

Verderber, R.R.

1987-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

58

Analysis and design of a high power factor, single-stage electronic dimming ballast  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the analysis, design, and practical consideration of a single-stage electronic dimming ballast with unity power factor. The power stage of the ballast is derived from combining a buck-boost converter and a half-bridge series-resonant parallel-loaded inverter (SRPLI). With the plasma model of the lamp, the analysis of the ballast is carried out, from which the key equations used for dimming control are derived. Starting performance and dimming consideration are also addressed in the paper. In this dimming ballast, both pulsewidth modulation (PWM) and variable-frequency control strategies are employed. The discussed ballast with the controls can save a controller and a switch driver, reduce size and cost, and possibly increase system reliability over conventional two-stage systems in the applications with moderate power level. Simulated and experimental results of the ballast for an OSRAM T8 32-W lamp are used to verify the discussion.

Wu, T.F.; Yu, T.H. [National Chung Cheng Univ., Chia-Yi (Taiwan, Province of China)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Performance of electronic ballasts and other new lighting equipment. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This study discusses parameters for selecting the most suitable auxiliary lighting device to operate and control gas-discharge lamps. The devices tested in this study include solid-state fluorescent and high-intensity discharge (HID) ballasts; current limiters; and dynamic lighting controls. They have been evaluated in combination with the standard 40-W, F-40, T-12, rapid-start, cool-white fluorescent lamps. Solid-state ballast performance varied widely- from 68 to 79 lumens per watt (lm/W) in efficacy and from 0.83 to 0.98 in ballast factor. System efficacy was up to 26% higher than standard core-coil ballast efficacy. Current limiters used with standard core-coil ballast reduce light output and input power by 30 to 50% and may be suitable as retrofit devices to reduce light in overilluminated spaces. When operated at a constant lamp wall temperature, these devices either maintain or reduce system efficacy.

Verderber, R.R.; Morse, O.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

An improved charge pump power factor correction electronic ballast  

SciTech Connect

An improved charge pump power factor correction (CPPFC) electronic ballast using the charge pump concept is proposed in this paper. Circuit derivation, principle of operation, and the conditions for achieving unity power factor are discussed. The proposed electronic ballast is implemented and tested with two 40-W fluorescent lamps. It is shown that 84% of overall efficiency and 1.6 of crest factor can be achieved with 200-V line input voltage. The measured line input current harmonics satisfy IEC 1000-3-2 Class C requirements. The lamp power variation range is automatically limited within {+-}15% for {+-}10% line input voltage variation without feedback control.

Qian, J.; Lee, F.C.; Yamauchi, T.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts and television sets. Volume 2, Fluorescent lamp ballasts, television sets, room air conditioners, and kitchen ranges and ovens  

SciTech Connect

This document is divided into ``volumes`` B through E, dealing with individual classes of consumer products. Chapters in each present engineering analysis, base case forecasts, projected national impacts of standards, life-cycle costs and payback periods, impacts on manufacturers, impacts of standards on electric utilities, and environmental effects. Supporting appendices are included.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Monolithic ballasted penetrator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a monolithic ballasted penetrator capable of delivering a working payload to a hardened target, such as reinforced concrete. The invention includes a ballast made from a dense heavy material insert and a monolithic case extending along an axis and consisting of a high-strength steel alloy. The case includes a nose end containing a hollow portion in which the ballast is nearly completely surrounded so that no movement of the ballast relative to the case is possible during impact with a hard target. The case is cast around the ballast, joining the two parts together. The ballast may contain concentric grooves or protrusions that improve joint strength between the case and ballast. The case further includes a second hollow portion; between the ballast and base, which has a payload fastened within this portion. The penetrator can be used to carry instrumentation to measure the geologic character of the earth, or properties of arctic ice, as they pass through it.

Hickerson, Jr., James P. (Cedar Crest, NM); Zanner, Frank J. (Sandia Park, NM); Baldwin, Michael D. (Albuquerque, NM); Maguire, Michael C. (Worcester, MA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Analysis, design, and experiments of a high-power-factor electronic ballast  

SciTech Connect

A charge pump power-factor-correction (CPPFC) converter is first derived, and its unity power factor condition is then reviewed. A single-stage power-factor-correction electronic ballast using the charge pump concept is analyzed. The design criteria are derived to optimize the electronic ballast based on the steady-state analysis. Constant lamp power operations associated with its control are also discussed. Large signal simulation and experimental results verify the theoretical analysis. It is shown that the designed electronic ballast has 0.995 power factor and 5% total harmonic distortion (THD) with lamp power variation within {+-}15% when the line input voltage changes {+-}10%.

Qian, J.; Lee, F.C. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States); Yamauchi, T. [Matsushita Electric Works, Inc., Woburn, MA (United States)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Utility DSM Rebates for electronic ballasts: National estimates and assessment of market impact (1992 - 1997)  

SciTech Connect

In this report we present national estimates of utility Demand-Side Management (DSM) rebates for electronic fluorescent lamp ballasts during the period of 1992 - 1997. We then compare these trends with developments in the fluorescent ballast market from 1993 - 1998. The analysis indicates that DSM rebates for electronic ballasts peaked in the mid-1990s and declined sharply in 1996 and 1997. In a parallel trend, electronic ballast sales and market share both increased significantly during 1993 - 1994 and increased more slowly in 1996 -1997.

Busch, C.B.; Atkinson, B.A.; Eto, J.H.; Turiel, I.; McMahon, J.E.

2000-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

65

New three-phase electronic ballasts said to save 25-32%  

SciTech Connect

Triad-Utrad offers a three-phase electronic ballast for new commercial buildings that saves 25-32% in lighting costs and yields a payback of less than one year. The Triad B-27551208 at $44 can lower new construction costs 30% because it uses less expensive wiring and circuit breakers than single-phase circuits. Each ballast handles one or two standard fluorescent lamps, and saves energy by operating at a higher frequency than conventional ballasts to achieve the same light level. Service life should be 20% longer because the Triad ballast operates at about 20% cooler temperatures.

1985-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

66

Testing of energy conservation of electronic ballasts for fluorescent lighting. Review of recent results and recommendations for design goals  

SciTech Connect

The performance of two 40-watt T-12 fluorescent lamps driven by both standard core-coil, and electronic ballasts has been measured over a range of temperatures and input voltages that simulate conditions they would experience in typical building installations. When using new energy-efficient lamps and electronic ballasts, an efficiency of 90 lumens/watt has been achieved, which represents an efficiency improvement of over 37% relative to standard lamps and core-coil ballasts. From these results, several design targets are suggested for ballast developers. Additional features of the electronic ballasts, (low noise, no flicker, and light level control), have potential to increase the use of efficient light sources (gas discharge types) as well as permit less costly luminaire construction. The dimming feature should also conserve energy whenever applied.

Verderber, R.R.; Cooper, D.; Ross, D.K.

1978-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Central ballast tanker design  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to present the CENTRAL BALLAST TANKER Design. This design is intended to reduce the volume of oil spilled from tankers by giving the crew a tanker properly designed and equipped to allow large quantities of oil from ruptured tank(s) to flow safely to a fully-inerted central ballast tank. In addition to reducing the volume of oil spilled, the design also addresses many of the shortcomings of the DOUBLE HULL DESIGN which are increasingly becoming a concern. The following is a brief review of the development of the CENTRAL BALLAST TANKER. The simple operational features, stability, low cost and ease of maintenance of the single hull tanker were important and can be retained with the CENTRAL BALLAST DESIGN.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts and television sets. Volume 1, Methodology  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (P.L. 94-163), as amended, establishes energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products specifically covered by the Act. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards for these and other types of products at specified times. DOE is currently considering amending standards for seven types of products: water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, pool heaters, room air conditioners, kitchen ranges and ovens (including microwave ovens), and fluorescent light ballasts and is considering establishing standards for television sets. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data, and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of the proposed standards. This volume presents a general description of the analytic approach, including the structure of the major models.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Convection venting lensed reflector-type compact fluorescent lamp system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed herein is a fluorescent lamp housing assembly capable of providing convection cooling to the lamp and the ballast. The lens of the present invention includes two distinct portions, a central portion and an apertured portion. The housing assembly further includes apertures so that air mass is able to freely move up through the assembly and out ventilation apertures. 12 figs.

Pelton, B.A.; Siminovitch, M.

1997-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

70

An Electrical Cathode Model of a High Pressure Sodium Lamp  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An electrical cathode model (ECM) of a high pressure sodium lamp (HPS) based on physical laws has been developed. The proposed ECM calculates the instantaneous voltage drop in a cathode sheath and the temperature distribution inside the cathode using ... Keywords: cathode model, HPS lamp ballast designs

Jose Luis Tapia; Joel O. Pacheco Sotelo; Eduardo Diaz Rodriguez; Yulia Nikolaevna Ledeneva; Rene Arnulfo Garcia Hernandez

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Convection venting lensed reflector-type compact fluorescent lamp system  

SciTech Connect

Disclosed herein is a fluorescent lamp housing assembly capable of providing convection cooling to the lamp and the ballast. The lens of the present invention includes two distinct portions, a central portion and an apertured portion. The housing assembly further includes apertures so that air mass is able to freely move up through the assembly and out ventilation apertures.

Pelton, Bruce A. (825 Manor Rd., El Sobrante, CA 94803); Siminovitch, Michael (829 Manor Rd., El Sobrante, CA 94803)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Energy efficiency and performance of solid state ballasts  

SciTech Connect

A project was undertaken to test the energy efficiency of ballasts. Two ballast types were used and retrofitted into existing fixtures on 3 floors in an office building in San Francisco. A core-coil energy efficient ballast was demonstrated also. The demonstration ballasts proved to be more efficient than the standard core-coil ballasts they replaced. Their energy demand reduction has resulted in a lower weekly peak demand. Operating above 20 KHz they have produced less audible noise. They also have lower heat dissipation. RFI radiation, although increased, has caused no apparent difficulties. Light output has been reduced slightly by all three demonstration ballasts. Ballast energy usage has been measured successfully with standard utility metering but there remain doubts as to the effects of the harmonics associated with solid-state circuitry. While no adverse effects have been observed, research must continue on the accuracy of electrical metering and on the effect on utility systems. The demonstration project has shown that solid-state fluorescent ballasts providing high frequency operation can be installed successfully in large numbers without adverse effects and with substantial energy saving.

Jewell, J.E.; Selkowitz, S.; Verderber, R.

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

New continuous-input current charge pump power-factor-correction electronic ballast  

SciTech Connect

Continuous-input current charge pump power-factor-correction (CIC-CPPFC) electronic ballasts are proposed in this paper. The CPPFC circuit and unity power factor condition using the charge pump concept are derived and analyzed. The average lamp current control with switching frequency modulation was developed so that the low crest factor and constant lamp power operation can be achieved. The developed electronic ballast has continuous input current, so that a small line input filter can be used. The proposed CIC-CPPFC electronic ballast was implemented and tested with two 45-W fluorescent lamps. It is shown that the measured line input current harmonics satisfy IEC 1000-3-2 Class C requirements.

Qian, J.; Lee, F.C. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States); Yamauchi, Tokushi [Matsushita Electric Works, Ltd., Osaka (Japan). Lighting Research and Development Center

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

On-site demonstration procedure for solid-state fluorescent ballast  

SciTech Connect

The report was presented to plant engineers and managers who were involved in an on-site demonstration of EETech solid-state ballasts for two 40-watt T12 fluorescent lamps. The report includes a brief review of the operating principles of solid-state fluorescent ballasts and the status of development achieved during the LBL program. The remainder of the test describes the techniques of managing and instrumenting a test area for assessing the performance of solid-state fluorescent ballasts at an occupied site.

Verderber, R.; Morse, O.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Aperture lamp  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A discharge lamp includes means for containing a light emitting fill, the fill being capable of absorbing light at one wavelength and re-emitting the light at a different wavelength, the light emitted from the fill having a first spectral power distribution in the absence of reflection of light back into the fill; means for exciting the fill to cause the fill to emit light; and means for reflecting some of the light emitted by the fill back into the fill while allowing some light to exit, the exiting light having a second spectral power distribution with proportionately more light in the visible region as compared to the first spectral power distribution, wherein the light re-emitted by the fill is shifted in wavelength with respect to the absorbed light and the magnitude of the shift is in relation to an effective optical path length. Another discharge lamp includes an envelope; a fill which emits light when excited disposed in the envelope; a source of excitation power coupled to the fill to excite the fill and cause the fill to emit light; and a reflective ceramic structure disposed around the envelope and defining an light emitting opening, wherein the structure comprises a sintered body built up directly on the envelope and made from a combination of alumina and silica.

MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Turner, Brian P. (Damascus, MD)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

EETD's Early Technological Successes-Electronic Ballasts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to develop with lighting industry partners in the mid-1970s. Electronic ballasts replaced magnetic ballasts, substantially reducing the energy use of fluorescent lights. To learn...

77

Energy-efficient compact screw-in fluorescent lamp. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A compact fluorescent lamp has been designed and constructed which can replace an incandescent lamp. The lamp is slightly larger than a standard lamp (8 3/4 in. x 3 1/4 in.), but is designed to fit a majority of portable lamp applications. This version, with a core-coil ballast, results in a system efficacy of 54 lumens per watt, with a light output of more than 1800 lumens. This compares favorably with a 100-watt incandescent (17.5 lumens per watt and 1750 lumens light output). The color temperature of 3000/sup 0/K is compatible with an incandescent lamp (2800/sup 0/K). The color rendition index (CRI) is 84. With a solid-state ballast, the efficacy and light output could be increased by 20% (65 l/w, 2200 lumens) and could provide a direct replacement for a three-way, 150-watt incandescent lamp (15 l/w, 2200 lumens).

Morton, E.W.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

A dimmable (1000:1 range) fluorescent ballast for instrument panel lighting  

SciTech Connect

A 1000:1 wide range continuously dimmable ballast is designed for fluorescent lighting of aircraft instrument panels. High voltage, low energy, 800 Hz starting pulses reliably start the lamps at all light level settings. The starting pulses alone produce the illumination at the minimum light control setting.

Lauritzen, P.O.; Jorgensen, J.A.; Meyer, S.D.; Osborn, J.G.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Single-state electronic ballast with dimming feature and unity power factor  

SciTech Connect

Analysis, design, and practical consideration of a single-stage electronic ballast with dimming feature and unity power factor are presented in this paper. The proposed single-stage ballast is the combination of a boost converter and a half-bridge series-resonant parallel-loaded inverter. The boost semistage working in the discontinuous conduction mode functions as a power factor corrector and the inverter semistage operated above resonance are employed to ballast the lamp. Replacing the lamp with the plasma model, analysis of the ballast is fulfilled. The dimming feature is carried out by pulse-width modulation (PWM) and variable-frequency controls simultaneously. The proposed single-stage ballast is suitable for applications with moderate power level and low-line voltage while requiring a high-output voltage. It can save a controller, an active switch and its driver, reduce size, and possibly increase system reliability while requiring two additional diodes over a conventional two-stage system. A prototype was implemented to verify the theoretical discussion. The hardware measurements have shown that the desired performance can be achieved feasibly.

Wu, T.F.; Yu, T.H.; Chiang, M.C. [National Chung Cheng Univ., Chia-Yi (Taiwan, Province of China)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Uncertainty and sensitivity analyses of ballast life-cycle cost and payback period  

SciTech Connect

The paper introduces an innovative methodology for evaluating the relative significance of energy-efficient technologies applied to fluorescent lamp ballasts. The method involves replacing the point estimates of life cycle cost of the ballasts with uncertainty distributions reflecting the whole spectrum of possible costs, and the assessed probability associated with each value. The results of uncertainty and sensitivity analyses will help analysts reduce effort in data collection and carry on analysis more efficiently. These methods also enable policy makers to gain an insightful understanding of which efficient technology alternatives benefit or cost what fraction of consumers, given the explicit assumptions of the analysis.

McMahon, James E.; Liu, Xiaomin; Turiel, Ike; Hakim, Sajid; Fisher, Diane

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Energy-efficient H. I. D. solid-state ballast. Phase I. Final report. [High pressure sodium  

SciTech Connect

The average efficiency of the six prototype ballasts when operated with G.E. and Sylvania lamps is 84.8%. The average efficiency of conventional high reactance autotransformer core/coil ballasts is 80%. With plus or minus 10% rated input voltage the ballast output power varied from -11.9% to +0.7%. Standard core/coil ballasts have a +-11% regulation with a +-5% rated input voltage. Power factor increases from 85% at 60 Hz to 100% at approximately 15,000 Hz. However, resonant frequencies occur above 1000 Hz which will cause destruction of the lamp. For safe operation, ballast output frequencies below 1000 Hz are recommended. The standard core/coil ballast operates at 90% power factor. Analysis of the Phase I data and circuit design indicates that additional efficiency can be obtained through improved circuit design, i.e., eliminating inherent internal losses by improved component selection, redesigning portions of the circuit, and selection of the frequency for optimum efficiency and power factor.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Current-source charge-pump power-factor-correction electronic ballast  

SciTech Connect

A current-source charge-pump power-factor-correction (CS-CPPFC) electronic ballast is presented in this paper. Unity-power-factor condition and principle of operation using the CP concept are derived and analyzed. Based on the steady-state analysis, the design considerations are discussed in detail. It is shown that the power switch only deals with the resonant load current, which is the same as in the two-stage approach so that small-current rating devices can be used. The developed CS-CPPFC electronic ballast can save one inductor and has a potentially low cost. The CS-CP electronic ballast with switching frequency modulation to improve crest factor is developed, implemented, and tested. It is shown that 0.99 power factor, 11.3% total harmonic distortion (THD), and 1.54 crest factor can be achieved for 85-W fluorescent lamps.

Qian, J.; Lee, F.C.Y. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States); Yamauchi, Tokushi [Matsushita Electric Works, Inc., Woburn, MA (United States)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Low-head air stripper treats oil tanker ballast water  

SciTech Connect

Prototype tests conducted during the winter of 1989/90 have successfully demonstrated an economical design for air stripping volatile hydrocarbons from oily tanker ballast water. The prototype air stripper, developed for Alyeska's Ballast Water Treatment (BWT) facility in Valdez, Alaska, ran continuously for three months with an average removal of 88% of the incoming volatile organics. Initially designed to remove oil and grease compounds from tanker ballast water, the BWT system has been upgraded to a three-step process to comply with new, stringent regulations. The BWT biological oxidation process enhances the growth of bacteria present in the incoming ballast water through nutrient addition, aeration, and recirculation within a complete-mixed bioreactor. The average removal of BETX is over 95%, however, occassional upsets required the placement of a polishing air stripper downstream of the aeration tanks. Packed-tower air stripping was investigated but deemed economically unfeasible for a facility that would only occasionally be used. Twelve feet of excess gravity head in the existing BWT hydraulic gradeline were employed to drive the air stripper feed. This limited the stripper packing depth to 8 feet and imposed constraints on the design of the inlet water and air distributors. Water distribution, air flow, temperature effects, and fouling from constituents in the ballast water were investigated. The prototype was operated under water and air flow conditions similar to those specified for the full-scale unit, and at a range of test conditions above and below the normal design conditions.

Goldman, M. (Camp Dresser McKee, Cambridge, MA (United States))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Lamp Divisions  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

--- --- /A;; i :' r%i;in~house ilEc;' i:Z3:~cra:ion Lamp Divisions , _.. (I +i. 0 :,,,rg. . I . . -= i?e p/q! qe)-' &se pw E.rcale?l iev, Je!sey 07m March 20, 1 gs? ::r . J. A. Jones I ti. 5. Muclear Regulatory Commission .> = ..- haterials Licensing Branch -s - ,.I, - - Division of Fuel Cycle and hateri al Safety LY. , $2 - _ . ' -' . 3 _- - Yeshington, C. C. 2@555 - :_ :--, =-- -- .-?J -.: y...., : :- 7 Dear Mr. Jones : y-- --, ? . *I 2=15 2 r; X -P The following is our final report of the decontamination efZor?s takz in our Bui Iding 7 basement and wi 11 also serve to update our report i& November 12, 1980. As stated in NRC' s report of December 22, 1983, two closeout inspect ions were conducted by your King of Prussia off i ce on November 21 and December 2,

85

LED lamp  

SciTech Connect

There is herein described a lamp for providing white light comprising a plurality of light sources positioned on a substrate. Each of said light sources comprises a blue light emitting diode (LED) and a dome that substantially covers said LED. A first portion of said blue light from said LEDs is transmitted through said domes and a second portion of said blue light is converted into a red light by a first phosphor contained in said domes. A cover is disposed over all of said light sources that transmits at least a portion of said red and blue light emitted by said light sources. The cover contains a second phosphor that emits a yellow light in response to said blue light. The red, blue and yellow light combining to form the white light and the white light having a color rendering index (CRI) of at least about 80.

Galvez, Miguel; Grossman, Kenneth; Betts, David

2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

86

High-intensity discharge (HID) solid-state ballast program: engineering development report. Phase II  

SciTech Connect

A high frequency (28 to 31/sup 0/K Hz) electronic current source (ballast) designed to drive a 200 watt 100 volt sodium vapor gas discharge lamp is described. A resonant switching power amplifier system utilizing a novel constant power feedback loop is employed to maintain the lamp input power constant within two percent via changes due to lamp aging etc. The lamp input power and therefore the light output is adjustable from 50 to 100 percent of rated power. A input (electronic filter) inverter, changes the 277 volts alternating voltage input to a regulated direct current (DC) voltage used to power the output stage. The inverter reflects, a essentially unity power factor load to the power input source at all times.

Carlson, R.S.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Ballasted photovoltaic module and module arrays  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic (PV) module assembly including a PV module and a ballast tray. The PV module includes a PV device and a frame. A PV laminate is assembled to the frame, and the frame includes an arm. The ballast tray is adapted for containing ballast and is removably associated with the PV module in a ballasting state where the tray is vertically under the PV laminate and vertically over the arm to impede overt displacement of the PV module. The PV module assembly can be installed to a flat commercial rooftop, with the PV module and the ballast tray both resting upon the rooftop. In some embodiments, the ballasting state includes corresponding surfaces of the arm and the tray being spaced from one another under normal (low or no wind) conditions, such that the frame is not continuously subjected to a weight of the tray.

Botkin, Jonathan (El Cerrito, CA); Graves, Simon (Berkeley, CA); Danning, Matt (Oakland, CA)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

88

Biomass-Derived Hydrogen from a Thermally Ballasted Gasifier  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of this project is to develop an indirectly heated gasification system that converts switchgrass into hydrogen-rich gas suitable for powering fuel cells. The project includes investigations of the indirectly-heated gasifier, development of particulate removal equipment, evaluation of catalytic methods for upgrading producer gas, development of contaminant measurement and control techniques, modeling of the thermal performance of the ballasted gasifier, and estimation of the cost of hydrogen from the proposed gasification system. Specific technologies investigated include a thermally ballasted gasifier, a moving bed granular filter, and catalytic reactors for steam reforming and water-gas shift reaction. The approach to this project was to employ a pilot-scale (5 ton per day) gasifier to evaluate the thermally ballasted gasifier as a means for producing hydrogen from switchgrass. A slipstream from the gasifier was used to evaluate gas cleaning and upgrading options. Other tests were conducted with laboratory-scale equipment using simulated producer gas. The ballasted gasifier operated in conjunction with a steam reformer and two-stage water-gas shift reactor produced gas streams containing 54.5 vol-% H2. If purge gas to the feeder system could be substantially eliminated, hydrogen concentration would reach 61 vol-%, which closely approaches the theoretical maximum of 66 vol-%. Tests with a combined catalyst/sorbent system demonstrated that steam reforming and water-gas shift reaction could be substantially performed in a single reactor and achieve hydrogen concentrations exceeding 90 vol-%. Cold flow trials with a laboratory-scale moving bed granular filter achieved particle removal efficiencies exceeding 99%. Two metal-based sorbents were tested for their ability to remove H2S from biomass-derived producer gas. The ZnO sorbent, tested at 450? C, was effective in reducing H2S from 200 ppm to less than 2 ppm (>99% reduction) while tests with the MnO sorbent were inconclusive. A computer model was developed that successfully predicted the thermal performance of the ballasted gasifier. An economic comparison of an air-blown gasification plant and a ballasted gasifier plant found that operating costs for ballasted gasification plant are about 31% higher than for the air blown gasifier plant. Hydrogen from the ballasted gasification plant and air blown gasification plant are projected to be $2.43/kg and $1.85/kg, respectively. This is lower than U.S. DOE’s 2010 target price of $2.90/kg and comparable to U.S. DOE’s 2015 target price of $2.00/kg.

Robert C. Brown

2007-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

89

Ballast technique for laser cathode pins  

SciTech Connect

The discrete ballast resistors associated with the multiple pin array of laser cathode structures are replaced by a bulk resistive material in the form of an integral bar or slab which is maintained in contact with the plurality of pin electrodes comprising the laser cathode assembly to provide a stable ballast means. The bulk resistive member employed to provide the ballast for the pin electrodes can exhibit non-linear resistive characteristics to provide greater laser discharge stability with less power dissipation.

Hundstad, R.L.; Wutzke, S.A.

1979-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

90

Section 5.4.2 Electronic Ballasts: Greening Federal Facilities...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2006, and electronic ballasts for most replacement applica- tions after July 1, 2010. Ballast specifications include: * Input voltage (usually 277 or 120 VAC) * Number and type of...

91

Product guide: energy-efficient ballasts  

SciTech Connect

The product guide covers the energy-efficient ballasts of seven manufacturers as a representative sample. The guide provides directory information on the companies, describes models, and lists price ranges and payback estimates. A summary of ballast features includes estimated life and output. Other sections cover lead and installation times and arrangements for warranties and service.

1985-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

92

High-reliability high-efficiency electronic ballast  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an electronic ballast adapted to connect with the AC voltage on an ordinary electric utility power line and to power a gas discharge lamp. The AC voltage is electrically referenced to ground, the ballast comprising: full-wave rectifier means connected with the AC voltage and operable to provide a DC output across a pair of DC output terminals; push-pull inverter means connected in series with an inductor means to form a series-combination, the series-combination being connected across the DC output terminals; the inverter means being operable to provide a current-limited substantially sinusoidal output voltage between a first output terminal and a second output terminal; the magnitude of the voltage existing between the first output terminal and ground being is substantially equal to that of the voltage existing between the second output terminal and ground, the phasing of the voltage existing between the first terminal and ground being substantially equal and opposite with respect to the phasing of the voltage existing between the second terminal and ground; the frequency of the output voltage is substantially higher than that of the AC voltage; connect means to permit connection of a gas discharge lamp across the output terminals; and safety means connected in circuit between the output terminals and the inverter means, operable to cause substantial reduction in the magnitude of the output voltage; in case the magnitude of current flowing out of the first output terminal is substantially different from that of the current flowing into the second output terminal, the safety means is then non-responsive to any current flowing in the power lines.

Nilssen, O.K.

1987-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

93

Evaluation of Incompatibility Between Electronic Ballasts and a Hearing Aid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study evaluates the incompatibility between electronic ballasts and a hearing aid.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

94

Max Tech and Beyond: Fluorescent Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fluorescent lamps are the most widely used artificial light source today, responsible for approximately 70% of the lumens delivered to our living spaces globally. The technology was originally commercialized in the 1930's, and manufacturers have been steadily improving the efficacy of these lamps over the years through modifications to the phosphors, cathodes, fill-gas, operating frequency, tube diameter and other design attributes. The most efficient commercially available fluorescent lamp is the 25 Watt T5 lamp. This lamp operates at 114-116 lumens per watt while also providing good color rendering and more than 20,000 hours of operating life. Industry experts interviewed indicated that while this lamp is the most efficient in the market today, there is still a further 10 to 14% of potential improvements that may be introduced to the market over the next 2 to 5 years. These improvements include further developments in phosphors, fill-gas, cathode coatings and ultraviolet (UV) reflective glass coatings. The commercialization of these technology improvements will combine to bring about efficacy improvements that will push the technology up to a maximum 125 to 130 lumens per watt. One critical issue raised by researchers that may present a barrier to the realization of these improvements is the fact that technology investment in fluorescent lamps is being reduced in order to prioritize research into light emitting diodes (LEDs) and ceramic metal halide high intensity discharge (HID) lamps. Thus, it is uncertain whether these potential efficacy improvements will be developed, patented and commercialized. The emphasis for premium efficacy will continue to focus on T5 lamps, which are expected to continue to be marketed along with the T8 lamp. Industry experts highlighted the fact that an advantage of the T5 lamp is the fact that it is 40% smaller and yet provides an equivalent lumen output to that of a T8 or T12 lamp. Due to its smaller form factor, the T5 lamp contains less material (i.e., glass, fill gas and phosphor), and has a higher luminance, enabling fixtures to take advantage of the smaller lamp size to improve the optics and provide more efficient overall system illuminance. In addition to offering the market a high-quality efficacious light source, another strong value proposition of fluorescent lighting is its long operating life. In today's market, one manufacturer is offering fluorescent lamps that have a rated life of 79,000 hours - which represents 18 years of service at 12 hours per day, 365 days per year. These lamps, operated using a long-life ballast specified by the manufacturer, take advantage of improvements in cathode coatings, fill gas chemistry and pressure to extend service life by a factor of four over conventional fluorescent lamps. It should be noted that this service life is also longer (approximately twice as long) as today's high-quality LED products. The fluorescent market is currently focused on the T5 and T8 lamp diameters, and it is not expected that other diameters would be introduced. Although T8 is a more optimal diameter from an efficacy perspective, the premium efficiency and optimization effort has been focused on T5 lamps because they are 40% smaller than T8, and are designed to operate at a higher temperature using high-frequency electronic ballasts. The T5 lamp offers savings in terms of materials, packaging and shipping, as well as smaller fixtures with improved optical performance. Manufacturers are actively researching improvements in four critical areas that are expected to yield additional efficacy improvements of approximately 10 to 14 percent over the next five years, ultimately achieving approximately 130 lumens per watt by 2015. The active areas of research where these improvements are anticipated include: (1) Improved phosphors which continue to be developed and patented, enabling higher efficacies as well as better color rendering and lumen maintenance; (2) Enhanced fill gas - adjusting proportions of argon, krypton, neon and xenon to optimize performance, while also m

Scholand, Michael

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Magnetic fluorescent ballasts: Market data, market imperfections, and policy success  

SciTech Connect

Many economists have strongly questioned engineering-economic studies aimed at demonstrating anomalously slow diffusion of energy-efficient technology and the benefits of regulations to promote such technology. One argument against such studies is that standard techniques of engineering-economics are either inappropriate for or are routinely misapplied in assessing the performance of the market for energy efficiency. This paper presents engineering-economic evidence on the diffusion of energy efficiency improvements that takes account of such critiques. The authors examine the engineering and economic characteristics of standard and energy-efficient magnetic ballasts for fluorescent lighting. Efficient magnetic ballasts represented an excellent investment for 99% of the commercial building floor stock, and a moderately good investment for 0.7% of the commercial floor stock. Still, these ballasts were only being adopted in the 1980s at a rate commensurate with the enactment of appliance efficiency standards in various states. In this case, there is solid empirical evidence for skepticism about the effectiveness of the market mechanism in promoting cost-effective energy efficiency improvements as well as evidence of the benefits of regulation to counteract this shortcoming.

Koomey, J.G.; Sanstad, A.H.; Shown, L.J.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Compact Fluorescent Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric lighting constitutes approximately 21-23 % of the electric grid load in the United States. The higher energy and maintenance costs of incandescent lamps, combined with the favorable economics of high-efficiency compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs), are making CFLs the increasingly popular choice for both residential and commercial lighting. Utility incentive and rebate programs to stimulate CFL use and the beginnings of a ban on incandescent lamps are enhancing CFL penetration levels in these enviro...

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

97

IBECS network/ballast interface: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the work performed to design, develop, and demonstrate an IBECS network/ballast interface that is useful for economically dimming controllable ballasts in commercial buildings. The first section of the report provides the general background of the IBECS (Integrated Building Environmental Communications System) research and development work as well as the context for the development of the network/ballast interface. The research and development effort that went into producing the first proof-of-concept circuit and the physical prototype of that concept is detailed in the second section. In the third section of the report, we describe the lessons learned from the first demonstration of the network/ballast interface at an office at LBNL. The fourth section describes how electrical noise interference encountered with the first generation of interface led to design changes for a refined prototype that hardened the interface from electrical noise generated by the ballast. The final section of the report discusses the performance of refined prototype after we replaced the proof-of-concept prototype with the refined prototypes in the demonstration office at LBNL.

Rubinstein, Francis; Pettler, Pete

2001-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

Proposed procedure for exemption from the requirement for segregated ballast tanks (SBT), dedicated clean ballast tanks (CBT), or a crude oil washing (COW) system for existing tank vessels  

SciTech Connect

A proposed procedure for exemption from the requirement for segregated ballast tanks (SBT), dedicated clean ballast tanks (CBT), or a crude oil washing (COW) system for existing tank vessels of 40,000 dwt and over, in domestic trade has been issued by the US Coast Guard under the Port and Tanker Safety Act. Exemption would be allowed if shore-based reception facilities are a preferred method of handling dirty ballast and if such facilities are adequate and readily available. Adoption of the proposal would recognize that in certain trades where existing tank vessels have set loading locations, it is as effective to use shore-based reception facilities for the treatment of oil residues as it is to use SBT, CBT, or COW. The proposal requires, among others, National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permits for the reception facilities, and contains a provision for revocation of exemptions upon noncompliance with regulations. Comments must be received by 7/7/80.

1980-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

99

SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Photovoltaics

100

A test synthesis approach to reducing BALLAST DFT overhead  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a test synthesis approach which integratesBALLAST (BALAnced structure Scan Test) withan enhanced test point insertion (TPI) algorithm to functionallyscan the flip-flops chosen by BALLAST.BALLASTis an attractive partial scan ...

Douglas Chang; Mike Tien-Chien Lee; Malgorzata Marek-Sadowska; Takashi Aikyo; Kwang-Ting Cheng

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Jacketed lamp bulb envelope  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A jacketed lamp bulb envelope includes a ceramic cup having an open end and a partially closed end, the partially closed end defining an aperture, a lamp bulb positioned inside the ceramic cup abutting the aperture, and a reflective ceramic material at least partially covering a portion of the bulb not abutting the aperture. The reflective ceramic material may substantially fill an interior volume of the ceramic cup not occupied by the bulb. The ceramic cup may include a structural feature for aiding in alignment of the jacketed lamp bulb envelope in a lamp. The ceramic cup may include an external flange about a periphery thereof. One example of a jacketed lamp bulb envelope includes a ceramic cup having an open end and a closed end, a ceramic washer covering the open end of the ceramic cup, the washer defining an aperture therethrough, a lamp bulb positioned inside the ceramic cup abutting the aperture, and a reflective ceramic material filling an interior volume of the ceramic cup not occupied by the bulb. A method of packing a jacketed lamp bulb envelope of the type comprising a ceramic cup with a lamp bulb disposed therein includes the steps of filling the ceramic cup with a flowable slurry of reflective material, and applying centrifugal force to the cup to pack the reflective material therein.

MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Turner, Brian P. (Damascus, MD); Gitsevich, Aleksandr (Gaithersburg, MD); Bass, Gary K. (Mt. Airy, MD); Dolan, James T. (Frederick, MD); Kipling, Kent (Gaithersburg, MD); Kirkpatrick, Douglas A. (Great Falls, VA); Leng, Yongzhang (Damascus, MD); Levin, Izrail (Silver Spring, MD); Roy, Robert J. (Frederick, MD); Shanks, Bruce (Gaithersburg, MD); Smith, Malcolm (Alexandria, VA); Trimble, William C. (Columbia, MD); Tsai, Peter (Olney, MD)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Lightweight, self-ballasting photovoltaic roofing assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic roofing assembly comprises a roofing membrane (102), a plurality of photovoltaic modules (104, 106, 108) disposed as a layer on top of the roofing membrane (102), and a plurality of pre-formed spacers, pedestals or supports (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122) which are respectively disposed below the plurality of photovoltaic modules (104, 106, 108) and integral therewith, or fixed thereto. Spacers (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122) are disposed on top of roofing membrane (102). Membrane (102) is supported on conventional roof framing, and attached thereto by conventional methods. In an alternative embodiment, the roofing assembly may have insulation block (322) below the spacers (314, 314', 315, 315'). The geometry of the preformed spacers (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 314, 314', 315, 315') is such that wind tunnel testing has shown its maximum effectiveness in reducing net forces of wind uplift on the overall assembly. Such construction results in a simple, lightweight, self-ballasting, readily assembled roofing assembly which resists the forces of wind uplift using no roofing penetrations.

Dinwoodie, T.L.

1998-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

103

Lightweight, self-ballasting photovoltaic roofing assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic roofing assembly comprises a roofing membrane (102), a plurality of photovoltaic modules (104, 106, 108) disposed as a layer on top of the roofing membrane (102), and a plurality of pre-formed spacers, pedestals or supports (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122) which are respectively disposed below the plurality of photovoltaic modules (104, 106, 108) and integral therewith, or fixed thereto. Spacers (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122) are disposed on top of roofing membrane (102). Membrane (102) is supported on conventional roof framing, and attached thereto by conventional methods. In an alternative embodiment, the roofing assembly may have insulation block (322) below the spacers (314, 314', 315, 315'). The geometry of the preformed spacers (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 314, 314', 315, 315') is such that wind tunnel testing has shown its maximum effectiveness in reducing net forces of wind uplift on the overall assembly. Such construction results in a simple, lightweight, self-ballasting, readily assembled roofing assembly which resists the forces of wind uplift using no roofing penetrations.

Dinwoodie, Thomas L. (Berkeley, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Defining the Effectiveness of UV Lamps Installed in Circulating Air Ductwork  

SciTech Connect

Ultraviolet; UV; UVC; UVGI; HVAC; ductwork; mold; fungus; effectiveness; microbial; dose; irradiance; reflectance; bacillis; aspergillis

Douglas VanOsdell; Karin Foarde

2002-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

105

Problems continue to plague electronic ballast industry  

SciTech Connect

Problems of unreliable components, poor quality due to the lack of performance testing standards, and electromagnetic radiation are preventing the electronic ballast industry from achieving the anticipated 40% electricity savings and have led several manufacturers to drop out of the market. The National Association of Lighting Maintenance Contractors (NALMCO) recognized the problem, and the remaining manufacturers plan to reduce the number of components to improve reliability until standards are developed. Many potential users are waiting for a larger selection and better product before they invest in electronic ballasts. A directory of major lighting equipment manufacturers accompanies the article. (DCK)

Warrock, A.M.

1983-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

106

Electronic Compact Fluorescent Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update addresses the fastest growing energy efficient light source the electronic compact fluorescent lamp (CFL). Business and technical market factors (Chapter 2) explain the past and future growth of the CFL market while emphasizing future technical improvements along with discussion of the importance of utility involvement in helping their customers make the switch from incandescent lamps to CFLs. The basic CFL technology is covered in Chapter 3 including test results for selected ...

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

107

Magnetic fluorescent lamp  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The radiant emission of a mercury-argon discharge in a fluorescent lamp assembly is enhanced by providing means for establishing a magnetic field with lines of force along the path of electron flow through the bulb of the lamp assembly, to provide Zeeman splitting of the ultraviolet spectral line. Optimum results are obtained when the magnetic field strength causes a Zeeman splitting of approximately 1.7 times the thermal line width.

Berman, S.M.; Richardson R.W.

1983-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

108

Max Tech and Beyond: High-Intensity Discharge Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-intensity discharge (HID) lamps are most often found in industrial and commercial applications, and are the light source of choice in street and area lighting, and sports stadium illumination. HID lamps are produced in three types - mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS) and metal halide (MH). Of these, MV and MH are considered white-light sources (although the MV exhibits poor color rendering) and HPS produces a yellow-orange color light. A fourth lamp, low-pressure sodium (LPS), is not a HID lamp by definition, but it is used in similar applications and thus is often grouped with HID lamps. With the notable exception of MV which is comparatively inefficient and in decline in the US from both a sales and installed stock point of view; HPS, LPS and MH all have efficacies over 100 lumens per watt. The figure below presents the efficacy trends over time for commercially available HID lamps and LPS, starting with MV and LPS in 1930's followed by the development of HPS and MH in the 1960's. In HID lamps, light is generated by creating an electric arc between two electrodes in an arc tube. The particles in the arc are partially ionized, making them electrically conductive, and a light-emitting 'plasma' is created. This arc occurs within the arc tube, which for most HID lamps is enclosed within an evacuated outer bulb that thermally isolates and protects the hot arc tube from the surroundings. Unlike a fluorescent lamp that produces visible light through down-converting UV light with phosphors, the arc itself is the light source in an HID lamp, emitting visible radiation that is characteristic of the elements present in the plasma. Thus, the mixture of elements included in the arc tube is one critical factor determining the quality of the light emitted from the lamp, including its correlated color temperature (CCT) and color rendering index (CRI). Similar to fluorescent lamps, HID lamps require a ballast to start and maintain stable operating conditions, and this necessitates additional power beyond that used by the lamp itself. HID lamps offer important advantages compared to other lighting technologies, making them well suited for certain applications. HID lamps can be very efficient, have long operating lives, are relatively temperature-insensitive and produce a large quantity of light from a small package. For these reasons, HID lamps are often used when high levels of illumination are required over large areas and where operating and maintenance costs must be kept to a minimum. Furthermore, if the installation has a significant mounting height, high-power HID lamps can offer superior optical performance luminaires, reducing the number of lamps required to illuminate a given area. The indoor environments best suited to HID lamps are those with high ceilings, such as those commonly found in industrial spaces, warehouses, large retail spaces, sports halls and large public areas. Research into efficacy improvements for HID lighting technologies has generally followed market demand for these lamps, which is in decline for MV and LPS, has reached a plateau for HPS and is growing for MH. Several manufacturers interviewed for this study indicated that although solid-state lighting was now receiving the bulk of their company's R&D investment, there are still strong HID lamp research programs, which concentrate on MH technologies, with some limited amount of investment in HPS for specific niche applications (e.g., agricultural greenhouses). LPS and MV lamps are no longer being researched or improved in terms of efficacy or other performance attributes, although some consider MH HID lamps to be the next-generation MV lamp. Thus, the efficacy values of commercially available MV, LPS and HPS lamps are not expected to increase in the next 5 to 10 years. MH lamps, and more specifically, ceramic MH lamps are continuing to improve in efficacy as well as light quality, manufacturability and lamp life. Within an HID lamp, the light-producing plasma must be heated to sufficiently high temperatures to achieve high efficiencie

Scholand, Michael

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Underwater tanker ballast water/oil separation  

SciTech Connect

The invention contemplates tranferring ballast water contaminated with entrained or emulsified oil to an underwater disengagement zone operating on the water displacement principle, as exemplified by an underwater storage tank having an upwardly convex shell with an opening in its bottom through which water can move into and out of the shell as the volume of oil enclosed within the storage zone fluctuates. The ballast mixture of water and oil is introduced into the disengagement zone, where it separates under the influence of gravity into separate oil and water phases. The oil layer rises to a point from which it can be recovered, while the separated water flows out of the open bottom of the zone into the body of water. (2 claims)

McCabe, J.S.

1973-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

110

M/e update: lighting fixtures, ballasts  

SciTech Connect

A review of the factors influencing the selection of a lighting system is presented and the components that each type requires are considered. The energy conservation in lighting systems through the proper choice of fixtures and energy-efficient ballasts is explained. Actual retrofit installations are given as examples of the cost savings and reduced energy consumption realized when a proper indoor lighting system has been specified.

Plankenhorn, J.H.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts: HID Lighting Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ballasts and Controls for HID Lighting Ballasts and Controls for HID Lighting Systems Evaluation of Electronic Ballasts and Related Controls for HID Lighting Systems Objective HID ballast The goal of this project is to evaluate the potential of electronic ballasts and related controls for HID lighting systems to improve the efficiency of current technology. The specific objectives of this project are to: Test, analyze and determine the potential of electronic ballasts for HID lighting systems in cooperation with manufacturers as an emerging energy efficient technology to reduce lighting loads in commercial, industrial and municipal applications. Identify control strategies to further improve the energy efficiency of these systems with a municipal partner. Provide appropriate recommendations for incorporating these technologies into current state codes and regulations.

112

Lumber-Wood Products - ASDs and Lighting Ballasts Damage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents the investigation of equipment damage to adjustable speed drives (ASDs) and lighting ballasts at a hardwood floor manufacturing facility.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

113

High frequency inductive lamp and power oscillator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high frequency inductively coupled electrodeless lamp includes an excitation coil with an effective electrical length which is less than one half wavelength of a driving frequency applied thereto, preferably much less. The driving frequency may be greater than 100 MHz and is preferably as high as 915 MHz. Preferably, the excitation coil is configured as a non-helical, semi-cylindrical conductive surface having less than one turn, in the general shape of a wedding ring. At high frequencies, the current in the coil forms two loops which are spaced apart and parallel to each other. Configured appropriately, the coil approximates a Helmholtz configuration. The lamp preferably utilizes an bulb encased in a reflective ceramic cup with a pre-formed aperture defined therethrough. The ceramic cup may include structural features to aid in alignment and/or a flanged face to aid in thermal management. The lamp head is preferably an integrated lamp head comprising a metal matrix composite surrounding an insulating ceramic with the excitation integrally formed on the ceramic. A novel solid-state oscillator preferably provides RF power to the lamp. The oscillator is a single active element device capable of providing over 70 watts of power at over 70% efficiency. Various control circuits may be employed to match the driving frequency of the oscillator to a plurality of tuning states of the lamp.

MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Turner, Brian P. (Damascus, MD); Dolan, James T. (Frederick, MD); Kirkpatrick, Douglas A. (Great Falls, VA); Leng, Yongzhang (Damascus, MD)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

2X Incandescent Lamp Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The incandescent lamp was developed during the 1800s, largely reaching the design of the traditional incandescent lamp as we know it by the late 1800s. This lamp remained largely unchanged for years, providing most commercial and residential lighting demands into the 1950s and residential lighting into the 2000s. As new lighting technologies became available, the low efficacy, measured in lumens per watt, of the traditional incandescent lamp became an issue which many wanted to ...

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

The Energy Efficiency of the U.S Fluorescent Lamp Ballast Industry  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News Latest News Videos Community Relations Past Projects Rebuilding Together Energy Teams Events Past Events For The Media Seminars Past Seminars Speakers Distinguished...

116

High frequency inductive lamp and power oscillator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high frequency inductively coupled electrodeless lamp includes an excitation coil with an effective electrical length which is less than one half wavelength of a driving frequency applied thereto, preferably much less. The driving frequency may be greater than 100 MHz and is preferably as high as 915 MHz. Preferably, the excitation coil is configured as a non-helical, semi-cylindrical conductive surface having less than one turn, in the general shape of a wedding ring. At high frequencies, the current in the coil forms two loops which are spaced apart and parallel to each other. Configured appropriately, the coil approximates a Helmholtz configuration. The lamp preferably utilizes an bulb encased in a reflective ceramic cup with a pre-formed aperture defined therethrough. The ceramic cup may include structural features to aid in alignment and I or a flanged face to aid in thermal management. The lamp head is preferably an integrated lamp head comprising a metal matrix composite surrounding an insulating ceramic with the excitation integrally formed on the ceramic. A novel solid-state oscillator preferably provides RF power to the lamp. The oscillator is a single active element device capable of providing over 70 watts of power at over 70% efficiency. Various control circuits may be employed to adjust the driving frequency of the oscillator.

MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Dymond, Jr., Lauren E. (North Potomac, MD); Gitsevich, Aleksandr (Montgomery Village, MD); Grimm, William G. (Silver Spring, MD); Kipling, Kent (Gaithersburg, MD); Kirkpatrick, Douglas A. (Great Falls, VA); Ola, Samuel A. (Silver Spring, MD); Simpson, James E. (Gaithersburg, MD); Trimble, William C. (Columbia, MD); Tsai, Peter (Olney, MD); Turner, Brian P. (Damascus, MD)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM Project 5.2 Evaluation of Electronic Ballasts and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contribution of ballast for evaluation in this project: Advance Transformer, Aromat, Aurswald, Delta Power

118

Flash Lighting with Fluorescent Lamp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A flash lighting circuit with the fluorescent lamp is designed to produce lighting flicker by means of controlling the operating frequency and the duty-ratio of… (more)

Hsieh, Horng

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts July 29, 2012 - 5:16pm Addthis Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. What does this mean for me? For the greatest energy efficiency, use new fixtures with new lightbulbs. Replace A-type lightbulbs with more energy-efficient options such as CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving (halogen) incandescents. Matching replacement lightbulbs to existing fixtures and ballasts can be tricky, especially with older fixtures. Using new fixtures made for new

120

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts July 29, 2012 - 5:16pm Addthis Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. What does this mean for me? For the greatest energy efficiency, use new fixtures with new lightbulbs. Replace A-type lightbulbs with more energy-efficient options such as CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving (halogen) incandescents. Matching replacement lightbulbs to existing fixtures and ballasts can be tricky, especially with older fixtures. Using new fixtures made for new lightbulbs gives you the greatest energy savings, reliability, and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Determination of the cathode and anode voltage drops in high power low-pressure amalgam lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the first time, cathode and anode drops of powerful low-pressure amalgam lamps were measured. The lamp discharge current is 3.2 A, discharge current frequency is 43 kHz, linear electric power is 2.4 W/cm. The method of determination of a cathode drop is based on the change of a lamp operating voltage at variation of the electrode filament current at constant discharge current. The total (cathode plus anode) drop of voltage was measured by other, independent ways. The maximum cathode fall is 10.8 V; the anode fall corresponding to the maximal cathode fall is 2.4 V. It is shown that in powerful low pressure amalgam lamps the anode fall makes a considerable contribution (in certain cases, the basic one) to heating of electrodes. Therefore, the anode fall cannot be neglected, at design an electrode and ballast of amalgam lamps with operating discharge current frequency of tens of kHz.

Vasilyak, L. M., E-mail: vasilyak@ihed.ras.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Joint Institute for High Temperatures (Russian Federation); Vasiliev, A. I., E-mail: vasiliev@npo.lit.ru; Kostyuchenko, S. V.; Sokolov, D. V.; Startsev, A. Yu. [Joint Stock Company NPO LIT (Russian Federation); Kudryavtsev, N. N. [Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University) (Russian Federation)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

122

Inductive tuners for microwave driven discharge lamps  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An RF powered electrodeless lamp utilizing an inductive tuner in the waveguide which couples the RF power to the lamp cavity, for reducing reflected RF power and causing the lamp to operate efficiently.

Simpson, James E. (Gaithersburg, MD)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Information Resources: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

incandescent lamps (e.g., A-lamps), and provided an update on ENERGY STAR criteria for LED integral replacement lamps - currently in its second draft. Robert Lingard of Pacific...

124

A projective LED dental lamp design.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Halogen lamps are mostly applied as a light source to the traditional lamp for medical treatment due to its proper color temperature, but it has… (more)

Chung, Yu-Lin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

System Compatibility Test Data Radiated EMI Between Electronic Ballasts and Sensitive Electronic Medical Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This system compatibility test data describes how one model of electronic ballast interacted with a hearing aid. Also included in this set of system compatibility test data is an example of how ballast manufacturers can solve the system compatibility problem of radio frequency electromagnetic interference with other equipment by ballast design modifications.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

126

Biomass-Derived Hydrogen from a Thermally Ballasted Gasifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomass-Derived Hydrogen from a Thermally Ballasted Gasifier DOE Hydrogen Program Contractors biomass #12;Approach Outline Gasifier Pilot Plant· Develop subsystems for the hydrogen production system heated gasifier Q Air N2 H2O CO2 O2 Steam H2 CO CO2 CmHn Biomass 45 kg/hr Biomass 180 kg/hr Sand Bed: 43

127

Guidance Concerning Enforcement of EISA 2007 Standards Candelabra Base and Intermediate Base Lamps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007) imposed energy conservation standards for candelabra and intermediate base lamps, and those provisions became effective with the statute.

128

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts: LED Task Light  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

light The goal of this project is to accelerate the use of energy efficient light emitting diode (LED) technology for general lighting applications by developing a task lamp...

129

Tanker ballast water treating plant meets tough specs  

SciTech Connect

Sumed, a joint company of Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Dubai, and Kuwait, contracted for a system that would reduce the oil content of discharged ballast water from as much as 2000 ppm to 6 ppm. The oil-water separation plant was installed at Sidi Kerir on the Egyptian coast along the Mediterranean. The plant has five double rows, with each row containing seven concrete tank units (70 units total). Each unit has four plate packs to clean 8000 cu m/hr. The proving trial began on May 3, 1978, and lasted for 32 days. During the period, 14 tankers discharged their ballast water into the plant and the plant removed all but an average of 1.46 ppm of oil, with the highest oil content being 4.0 ppm. (1 diagram, 1 drawing, 1 graph, 3 photos, 4 references, 1 table)

De Kok, a.F.; Marson, H.W.

1978-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

130

Ballast-mounted PV arrays: Phase 2 final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The expansive flat rooftops of industrial and commercial buildings across America offer the largest, most secure, and potentially least-cost real estate opportunity to install massive amounts of solar photovoltaic generation in the building sector. Unfortunately, mechanical penetration of roofing membranes is very expensive and perceived by building owners and operators to increase the likelihood of leaking. In response Ascension Technology has pioneered the development of low-cost ballasted approaches for mounting PV arrays. Recently, however, we have experienced our first two instances in which strong winds have moved our arrays on rooftops and heightened our interest, and the PV industries' need, to develop zero-penetration mounting techniques that are more secure, yet remain low in cost. In this PV BONUS project, Ascension Technology and its partners addressed wind loading on solar panels and the suitability of using frictional forces between ballast trays and roofing materials to resist PV arrays sliding on rooftops. The primary goal of the project is to capture the potential cost savings made possible by ballast-mounting by showing under what conditions it can satisfy wind loading concerns. A secondary goal is to address a more geographically constrained concern regarding withstanding seismic forces.

Edward C. Kern

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Ballast-mounted PV arrays: Phase 2 final report  

SciTech Connect

The expansive flat rooftops of industrial and commercial buildings across America offer the largest, most secure, and potentially least-cost real estate opportunity to install massive amounts of solar photovoltaic generation in the building sector. Unfortunately, mechanical penetration of roofing membranes is very expensive and perceived by building owners and operators to increase the likelihood of leaking. In response Ascension Technology has pioneered the development of low-cost ballasted approaches for mounting PV arrays. Recently, however, we have experienced our first two instances in which strong winds have moved our arrays on rooftops and heightened our interest, and the PV industries' need, to develop zero-penetration mounting techniques that are more secure, yet remain low in cost. In this PV BONUS project, Ascension Technology and its partners addressed wind loading on solar panels and the suitability of using frictional forces between ballast trays and roofing materials to resist PV arrays sliding on rooftops. The primary goal of the project is to capture the potential cost savings made possible by ballast-mounting by showing under what conditions it can satisfy wind loading concerns. A secondary goal is to address a more geographically constrained concern regarding withstanding seismic forces.

Edward C. Kern

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

High-intensity-discharger 400-W sodium ballast. Phase II. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A research and development program directed toward design, test, and evaluation of an energy efficient High Intensity Discharge (HID) Solid-State 400 Watt Ballast lighting system was undertaken. Under Phase I of the project, the existing ballast was modified, performance characteristics were measured, efficiency was compared with a core/coil ballast including energy loss analysis. Six (6) prototype 400 W High Pressure Sodium Ballasts were built, for verification tests by an independent test facility prior to follow-on performance and life tests. This report covers Phase II of the project which was designed to make test data comparisons on results received from the independent test laboratory, determine methods to increase ballast efficiency, determine the importance of power factors, conduct bulb life tests, perform specification review, performance versus cost analysis, investigate the ballast to determine compliance with new FCC requirement, and determine a line transient specification in respect to solid state ballasting. In addition, Phase II required reliability testing, a manufacturing test plan, a marketing study for solid-state ballast, and the manufacture and delivery of fifteen (15) demonstration ballast units to LBL. These requirements are discussed.

Felper, G.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

High intensity discharge 400-watt sodium ballast. Phase I. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The results of a research and development program directed toward design, test, and evaluation of energy efficient High Intensity Discharge (HID) Solid State 400-Watt Ballast lighting system are reported. Phase I of the project which was designed to modify the existing Datapower ballast to LBL configuration, measure performance characteristics, and compare efficiency with a core/coil ballast including energy loss analysis is covered. In addition, Datapower was tasked to build six (6) prototype 400-Watt High Pressure Sodium Ballasts for verification tests by an independent test facility and follow-on performance and life tests at LBL.

Felper, G.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

STATE OF UTAH CONTRACT NUMBER: MA049 October 06, 2010 Page 1 of 82 Includes Codale Lamp and Ballast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) = M0 EwMn Ewv (WT ) T-1 k=0 e- r (Wk, Wk+1) I (T n) Ewf (WT )2 exp (-T) T-1 k=0 r (Wk, Wk+1) I (T n) . Sending n and using monotone convergence we obtain that v (w) / Ewf (WT )2 exp (-T) T-1 k=0 r

Capecchi, Mario R.

135

Analysis, design and optimization of the LCC resonant inverter as a high-intensity discharge lamp ballast  

SciTech Connect

A complete study of the clamped-mode (CM) series-parallel (LCC) resonant inverter together with some of the control-to-output characteristics are presented in this paper. Also, a new control method for the CM LCC resonant inverter is introduced. With this method, the inverter is forced to operate with optimum commutations and without handling reactive energy, thus minimizing both switching and conduction losses. The corresponding design procedure is illustrated with a design example. Finally, some experimental results obtained from a prototype at the laboratory are also shown to validate the analysis and evaluate the proposed control method.

Alonso, J.M.; Blanco, C.; Lopez, E.; Calleja, A.J.; Rico, M. [Univ. de Oviedo, Gijon (Spain). Dept. de Ingenieria Electrica y Electronica

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Lamp bulb with integral reflector  

SciTech Connect

An improved electrodeless discharge lamp bulb includes an integral ceramic reflector as a portion of the bulb envelope. The bulb envelope further includes two pieces, a reflector portion or segment is cast quartz ceramic and a light transmissive portion is a clear fused silica. In one embodiment, the cast quartz ceramic segment includes heat sink fins or stubs providing an increased outside surface area to dissipate internal heat. In another embodiment, the quartz ceramic segment includes an outside surface fused to eliminate gas permeation by polishing.

Levin, Izrail (Silver Spring, MD); Shanks, Bruce (Gaithersburg, MD); Sumner, Thomas L. (Wheaton, MD)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Energy saving controller for fluorescent lamps.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Although fluorescent lamp is a very efficient lighting device in daily life, still the high harmonic distortion and low power factor cause unnecessary energy consumption.… (more)

Cheong, Zhi Xiong

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Discharge lamp with reflective jacket  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A discharge lamp includes an envelope, a fill which emits light when excited disposed in the envelope, a source of excitation power coupled to the fill to excite the fill and cause the fill to emit light, and a reflector disposed around the envelope and defining an opening, the reflector being configured to reflect some of the light emitted by the fill back into the fill while allowing some light to exit through the opening. The reflector may be made from a material having a similar thermal index of expansion as compared to the envelope and which is closely spaced to the envelope. The envelope material may be quartz and the reflector material may be either silica or alumina. The reflector may be formed as a jacket having a rigid structure which does not adhere to the envelope. The lamp may further include an optical clement spaced from the envelope and configured to reflect an unwanted component of light which exited the envelope back into the envelope through the opening in the reflector. Light which can be beneficially recaptured includes selected wavelength regions, a selected polarization, and selected angular components.

MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Turner, Brian P. (Damascus, MD); Kipling, Kent (Gaithersburg, MD)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Portable lamp with dynamically controlled lighting distribution  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A double lamp table or floor lamp lighting system has a pair of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) arranged vertically with a reflective septum in between. By selectively turning on one or both of the CFLs, down lighting, up lighting, or both up and down lighting is produced. The control system can also vary the light intensity from each CFL. The reflective septum insures that almost all the light produced by each lamp will be directed into the desired light distribution pattern which is selected and easily changed by the user. Planar compact fluorescent lamps, e.g. circular CFLs, particularly oriented horizontally, are preferable. CFLs provide energy efficiency. The lighting system may be designed for the home, hospitality, office or other environments.

Siminovitch, Michael J. (Pinole, CA); Page, Erik R. (Berkeley, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

DuraLamp USA: Order (2010-CE-0912)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered DuraLamp USA, Inc. to pay a $2,500 civil penalty after finding DuraLamp USA had failed to certify that model PAR 30, an incandescent reflector lamp, complies with the applicable energy conservation standards.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Solid-state lamp with integral occupancy sensor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous work demonstrated a retrofit proximity detector for fluorescent lamps using the lamp's own stray electric fields. This paper extends the retrofit sensor system to a solid-state (LED) lamp. The design and implementation ...

Cooley, John J.

142

Driver Circuit for White LED Lamps with TRIAC Dimming Control.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An efficient Light Emitting Diode (LED) lamp driver circuit is proposed for retrofitting the conventionally used incandescent lamps with existing TRIAC dimmer. The dimming feature… (more)

Weng, Szu-Jung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Compact Fluorescent Lamps : Technologies : From the Lab to the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

process. (Left) Compact Fluorescent Lamp; (Right) Cover of the 'Lighting Retrofit Workbook' (Left) Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL) (Right) Retrofitting national parks...

144

Lamp system for uniform semiconductor wafer heating  

SciTech Connect

A lamp system with a very soft high-intensity output is provided over a large area by water cooling a long-arc lamp inside a diffuse reflector of polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE) and titanium dioxide (TiO.sub.2) white pigment. The water is kept clean and pure by a one micron particulate filter and an activated charcoal/ultraviolet irradiation system that circulates and de-ionizes and biologically sterilizes the coolant water at all times, even when the long-arc lamp is off.

Zapata, Luis E. (Livermore, CA); Hackel, Lloyd (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Obstacles and opportunities in the commercialization of the solid-state-electronic fluorescent-lighting ballast  

SciTech Connect

The Solid State Ballast (SSB) Program, aimed at improving the efficiency of fluorescent lights, is described. The first generation of solid state electronic ballasts has been developed and the technology has been transferred to the private sector. This report examines the opportunities for rapid dissemination of this technology into the marketplace. It includes a description of product characteristics and their influence on the commercialization of the SSB, a description of the technology delivery system presently used by the ballast industry, an analysis of the market for SSB, and identification of some high-leverage opportunities to accelerate the commercialization process. (MCW)

Johnson, D.R.; Marcus, A.A.; Campbell, R.S.; Sommers, P.; Skumatz, L.; Berk, B.; Petty, P.; Eschbach, C.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

LED lamp power management system and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An LED lamp power management system and method including an LED lamp having an LED controller 58; a plurality of LED channels 60 operably connected to the LED controller 58, each of the plurality of LED channels 60 having a channel switch 62 in series with at least one shunted LED circuit 83, the shunted LED circuit 83 having a shunt switch 68 in parallel with an LED source 80. The LED controller 58 reduces power loss in one of the channel switch 62 and the shunt switch 68 when LED lamp electronics power loss (P.sub.loss) exceeds an LED lamp electronics power loss limit (P.sub.lim); and each of the channel switches 62 receives a channel switch control signal 63 from the LED controller 58 and each of the shunt switches 68 receives a shunt switch control signal 69 from the LED controller 58.

Gaines, James; Clauberg, Bernd; Van Erp, Josephus A. M.

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

147

An accurate model for seaworthy container vessel stowage planning with ballast tanks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seaworthy container vessel stowage plans generated under realistic assumptions are a key factor for stowage decision support systems in the shipping industry. We propose a linear model with ballast tanks for generating master plans, the first phase of ...

Dario Pacino; Alberto Delgado; Rune Mřller Jensen; Tom Bebbington

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fluorescent and Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on AddThis.com... About Standards & Test Procedures Implementation, Certification & Enforcement

149

Fault analysis of a semisubmersible's ballast control system  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a practical ballast system for a twinhull design semisubmersible as an answer to the problems which could result from faults both interior and exterior to the system. The design presented is then examined through a fault analysis technique common to other industries and applicable to the life-sustaining ballast system. This examination confirms the design philosophy that a single fault or reasonable multiple faults should not lead to destabilization of the vessel.

Hock, C.J.; Balaban, E.G.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Refurbishment of the ballast-water system of the gravity-based structure Beryl Alpha  

SciTech Connect

In Sept. 1985, the Beryl Alpha platform in the North Sea experienced a leak in its ballast-water system in the utility shaft 328 ft (100m) below sea level. The importance of the ballast-water system for platform operations and the particular location of the leak led to the development and implementation of unique and extensive repair procedures. These procedures are detailed by the authors.

Seume, K.; Gilchrist, J.M. (Mobil Oil (US))

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

L Prize Competition Winner 60W Incandesent Replacement Lamp Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Deployment Technology Deployment Working Group L Prize ® Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update James E. Rannels, Senior Advisor L Prize Competition D&R International May 23, 2012 Philips Wins First L Prize 2 * August 3, 2011: Philips announced as winner of 60W replacement bulb category * Product distributed thru commercial and retail channels Image courtesy of Philips -...[O]nce an award is made the authorizing Act directs General Services Administration to develop federal purchasing schedules for solid-state lamps that meet or exceed the specifications laid out in the prize category-so long as it is cost effective. I hope the GSA begins this process soon.‖

152

Lamp method and apparatus using multiple reflections  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrodeless microwave discharge lamp includes an envelope with a discharge forming fill disposed therein which emits light, the fill being capable of absorbing light at one wavelength and re-emitting the absorbed light at a different wavelength, the light emitted from the fill having a first spectral power distribution in the absence of reflection of light back into the fill, a source of microwave energy coupled to the fill to excite the fill and cause the fill to emit light, and a reflector disposed within the microwave cavity and configured to reflect at least some of the light emitted by the fill back into the fill while allowing some light to exit, the exiting light having a second spectral power distribution with proportionately more light in the visible region as compared to the first spectral power distribution, wherein the light re-emitted by the fill is shifted in wavelength with respect to the absorbed light and the magnitude of the shift is in relation to an effective optical path length.

MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Turner, Brian P. (Damascus, MD)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Compact Fluorescent Lamps Compact Fluorescent Lamps Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps October 8, 2013 - 2:18pm Addthis This tool calculates the payback period for your calc retrofit project. Modify the default values to suit your project requirements. Existing incandescent lamp wattage Watts Incandescent lamp cost dollars Incandescent lamp life 1000 hours calc wattage Watts calc cost dollars calc life (6000 hours for moderate use, 10000 hours for high use) 8000 hours Number of lamps in retrofit project Hours operating per week hours Average cost of electricity 0.06 $/kWh Relamper labor costs $/hr Time taken to retrofit all lamps in this project min Time taken to relamp one lamp min Type of Relamping Practiced: Group Relamping: Calculate Simple Payback Period months

154

Survivability of Electronic Compact Fluorescent Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Report addresses the fastest growing energy efficient light source8212the electronic compact fluorescent lamp (CFL). Because some of the failure modes for screw-in CFLs are different than those for plug-in CFLs, a cursory review of the difference between the two types of CFLs is provided in the first part of Chapter 2. A broad definition of shortened-life CFLs is also provided in Chapter 2 with an emphasis on revisiting mortality curves, the 10-minute lamp start, other relevant defini...

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

155

Indirectly heated fluidized bed biomass gasification using a latent heat ballast  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to improve the heating value of gas produced during gasification of biomass fuels using an indirectly heated gasifier based on latent heat ballasting. The latent heat ballast consists of lithium fluoride salt encased in tubes suspended in the reactor. The lithium fluoride has a melting point that is near the desired gasification temperature. With the ballast a single reactor operating in a cyclic mode stores energy during a combustion phase and releases it during a pyrolysis phase. Tests were carried out in a fluidized bed reactor to evaluate the concept. The time to cool the reactor during the pyrolysis phase from 1,172 K (1,650 F) to 922 K (1,200 F) increased 102% by use of the ballast system. This extended pyrolysis time allowed 33% more biomass to be gasified during a cycle. Additionally, the total fuel fraction pyrolyzed to produce useful gas increased from 74--80%. Higher heating values of 14.2 to 16.6 MJ/Nm{sup 3} (382--445 Btu/scf) on a dry basis were obtained from the ballasted gasifier.

Pletka, R.; Brown, R.; Smeenk, J. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Center for Coal and the Environment

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

156

Energy Performance of Compact Fluorescent Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents the results of tests performed at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute, in contract with the EPRI Power Electronics Applications Center (PEAC), to determine the light output, power consumption, efficiency, and power factor of off-the-shelf electronic and magnetic compact fluorescent lamps.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

157

Laboratory Evaluation of LED T8 Replacement Lamp Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A report on a lab setting analysis involving LED lamps intended to directly replace T8 fluorescent lamps (4') showing light output, power, and economic comparisons with other fluorescent options.

Richman, Eric E.; Kinzey, Bruce R.; Miller, Naomi J.

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

158

Light Flicker in Compact Fluorescent Lamps Caused by Voltage Fluctuations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents tests performed at the EPRI Power Electronics Applications Center (PEAC) Power Quality Test Facility to characterize the light output of an incandescent lamp and compact fluorescent lamps during voltage fluctuations.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

159

Ballast Accidents Analysis and Evaluation of Urban Rail Transit Based on Method of Causality Analysis and Faulty Tree Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ballast casualty often incurs severe sequence once takes place, such as abnormal operation,, personnel injury or even death accident , especially for lines below grade. Causality Analysis and Fault Tree analysis method is applied to research of personnel ... Keywords: ballast accident, causality analysis, faulty tree analysis, urban rail transit

Jing He; Zhi-gang Liu

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

The effect of the operation modes of a gas discharge low-pressure amalgam lamp on the intensity of generation of 185 nm UV vacuum radiation  

SciTech Connect

The effect of the discharge current, mercury vapor pressure, and the inert gas pressure on the intensity and efficiency of the 185 nm line generation are considered. The spectra of the UV radiation (vacuum ultraviolet) transmission by protective coatings from the oxides of rare earth metals and aluminum are investigated.

Vasilyak, L. M., E-mail: vasilyak@ihed.ras.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Joint Institute of High Temperatures (Russian Federation); Drozdov, L. A., E-mail: lit@npo.lit.ru; Kostyuchenko, S. V.; Sokolov, D. V. [ZAO LIT (Russian Federation); Kudryavtsev, N. N.; Sobur, D. A., E-mail: soburda@gmail.com [Moscow Institute for Physics and Technology (Russian Federation)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Laboratory evaluation of the emulsifying characteristics of pumps. [Bilge and ballast water oily wastes  

SciTech Connect

The program was devoted to a laboratory investigation of the emulsifying characteristics of different pumps suitable for shipboard pumping of bilge and ballast water oily wastes. The tests were designed to investigate the effect of several parameters, such as oil type, input oil concentration, detergent, pump operating characteristics (pressure and flow rate), and salt versus fresh water, on emulsification. Tests were conducted on the Foster-Miller tests loop. No. 2 fuel oil, lubricating oil and No. 6 fuel oil were the oils tested at concentrations ranging from 1 to 10%. The oils were tested with and without the addition of 10% Gamlen D surfactant. The pumps used were a Parker Diaphragm pump, a Blackmer Sliding Vane pump, an Ingersoll Rand Centrifugal pump and a Deming Centrifugal pump. Pump pressure ranged from 10 to 60 psi and flow rate from 10 to 100 gpm. A total of 270 tests were conducted covering 198 different operating points, 108 concerning pump comparison, 54 concerning oil concentration and surfactant, and 45 concerning salt water.

Harvey, A.C.; Guzdar, A.R.; Fiswell, D.R.

1973-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Novel Nanophosphors for High Efficiency Fluorescent Lamps  

SciTech Connect

This is the Final Report of the Novel Nanophosphors for High Efficiency Fluorescent Lamps, Department of Energy (DOE). The overall goal of this three-year program is to develop novel hybrid phosphors by coating commercially available lamp phosphors with highly stable wide band-gap nanocrystalline phosphors (NCP). The prime technical approach is the development of NCP quantum-splitting phosphor (QSP) and ultra-violet (UV) emitting phosphors with quantum efficiencies exceeding that of the conventional phosphors at 185 nm. The novel hybrid phosphors will increase the efficiency of the fluorescent lamps by up to 32%, enabling total energy savings of 0.26 quads, the reduction in the U.S. energy bill by $6.5 billion and the reduction of the annual carbon emission by 4.1 billion kilogram. Our work started by investigating through modeling calculations the requirement for the particle size of the NCP. Our work to develop suitable nanocrystalline phosphors started with the known oxide quantum splitting and UV emitting phosphors. We demonstrated several synthesis techniques for the production of high quality nanocrystalline materials that crystallizes in the desired phase and with the desired particle size. In collaboration with our subcontractor we demonstrated the feasibility for the manufacture of NC phosphors. We also demonstrated novel techniques of coating the NCP on the surface of micron sized phosphors. Our chief achievement pertains to the successful testing of the coated hybrid phosphor systems in linear fluorescent lamps. In linear fluorescent lamp tests, we have demonstrated up to 7% increase in the efficacy of hybrid phosphors over the conventional (uncoated) phosphors. We have also demonstrated the improvement in the lumen maintenance of the coated phosphors. A hybrid phosphor system based on the commercial red emitting phosphor, Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} did not show the anticipated improvement in lamp efficacy. We explored the reasons for this observation, which are detailed in this report. Within the program we have carried out fundamental investigations into the physical processes that determine the quantum splitting behavior of the Pr{sup 3+} ion in solids. Specifically, we have investigated the quantum splitting luminescence of this ion in the LaPO{sub 4}, SrAl{sub 12}O{sub 19} and LiLaP{sub 4}O{sub 12} host lattices. In this final report we summarize the technical work completed under the Program, summarize our findings about the performance limits of the various technologies we investigated, and outline promising paths for future work.

Alok Srivatava

2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

163

Controlling the vapor pressure of a mercury lamp  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention described herein discloses a method and apparatus for controlling the Hg vapor pressure within a lamp. This is done by establishing and controlling two temperature zones within the lamp. One zone is colder than the other zone. The first zone is called the cold spot. By controlling the temperature of the cold spot, the Hg vapor pressure within the lamp is controlled. Likewise, by controlling the Hg vapor pressure of the lamp, the intensity and linewidth of the radiation emitted from the lamp is controlled.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA); George, William A. (Rockport, MA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Controlling the vapor pressure of a mercury lamp  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention described herein discloses a method and apparatus for controlling the Hg vapor pressure within a lamp. This is done by establishing and controlling two temperature zones within the lamp. One zone is colder than the other zone. The first zone is called the cold spot. By controlling the temperature of the cold spot, the Hg vapor pressure within the lamp is controlled. Likewise, by controlling the Hg vapor pressure of the lamp, the intensity and linewidth of the radiation emitted from the lamp is controlled. 2 figs.

Grossman, M.W.; George, W.A.

1988-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

165

LED lamp color control system and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An LED lamp color control system and method including an LED lamp having an LED controller 58; and a plurality of LED channels 60 operably connected to the LED controller 58, each of the plurality of LED channels 60 having a channel switch 62 in series with at least one shunted LED circuit 83, the shunted LED circuit 83 having a shunt switch 68 in parallel with an LED source 80. The LED controller 58 determines whether the LED source 80 is in a feedback controllable range, stores measured optical flux for the LED source 80 when the LED source 80 is in the feedback controllable range, and bypasses storing the measured optical flux when the LED source 80 is not in the feedback controllable range.

Gaines, James; Clauberg, Bernd; Van Erp, Josephus A.M.

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

166

Lamp method and apparatus using multiple reflections  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method wherein the light in a sulfur or selenium lamp is reflected through the fill a multiplicity of times to convert ultraviolet radiation to visible is disclosed. A light emitting device comprised of an electrodeless envelope which bears a light reflecting covering around a first portion which does not crack due to differential thermal expansion and which has a second portion which comprises a light transmissive aperture. 20 figs.

MacLennan, D.A.; Turner, B.; Kipling, K.

1999-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

167

Lamp method and apparatus using multiple reflections  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method wherein the light in a sulfur or selenium lamp is reflected through the fill a multiplicity of times to convert ultraviolet radiation to visible. A light emitting device comprised of an electrodeless envelope which bears a light reflecting covering around a first portion which does not crack due to differential thermal expansion and which has a second portion which comprises a light transmissive aperture.

MacLennan, Donald A. (Butler, PA); Turner, Brian (Damascus, MD); Kipling, Kent (Gaithersburg, MD)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

High output lamp with high brightness  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra bright, low wattage inductively coupled electrodeless aperture lamp is powered by a solid state RF source in the range of several tens to several hundreds of watts at various frequencies in the range of 400 to 900 MHz. Numerous novel lamp circuits and components are disclosed including a wedding ring shaped coil having one axial and one radial lead, a high accuracy capacitor stack, a high thermal conductivity aperture cup and various other aperture bulb configurations, a coaxial capacitor arrangement, and an integrated coil and capacitor assembly. Numerous novel RF circuits are also disclosed including a high power oscillator circuit with reduced complexity resonant pole configuration, parallel RF power FET transistors with soft gate switching, a continuously variable frequency tuning circuit, a six port directional coupler, an impedance switching RF source, and an RF source with controlled frequency-load characteristics. Numerous novel RF control methods are disclosed including controlled adjustment of the operating frequency to find a resonant frequency and reduce reflected RF power, controlled switching of an impedance switched lamp system, active power control and active gate bias control.

Kirkpatrick, Douglas A. (Great Falls, VA); Bass, Gary K. (Mt. Airy, MD); Copsey, Jesse F. (Germantown, MD); Garber, Jr., William E. (Poolesville, MD); Kwong, Vincent H. (Vancouver, CA); Levin, Izrail (Silver Spring, MD); MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Roy, Robert J. (Frederick, MD); Steiner, Paul E. (Olney, MD); Tsai, Peter (Olney, MD); Turner, Brian P. (Damascus, MD)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Operation of a cw CO/sub 2/ laser without a ballast resistance  

SciTech Connect

A cw CO/sub 2/ laser has been successfully operated without using any ballast resistance. For stabilizing the discharge, the principle of a constant-current source employing the ac resonance technique is used. The stability of the laser output power has been very good and its fluctuation has been reduced to a value as low as 1% using only passive components.

Bhadani, P.K.; Biswas, D.J.; Nundy, U.; Kukreja, L.M.; Chatterjee, U.K.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Atomic-absorption analysis in a graphite furnace fitted with a metal ballast collector  

SciTech Connect

One reason for the deterioration in sensitivity in the electrothermal atomic absorption spectroscopy of petroleum products is the uncontrolled spread and diffusion of the liquid throughout the furnace. This paper describes a metal ballast collector whose wettability and sorptive properties contain the sample and allow for its uniform and controlled evaporation and atomization.

Katskov, D.A.; Vasil' eva, L.A.; Grinshtein, I.L.; Savel' eva, G.O.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

HIGH INTENSITY DISCHARGE (HID) SOLID STATE BALLAST PROGRAM PHASE I FINAL REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1·-T-· 1''-'-'-l l% Lamp Volts (ri! VGII >! IH! At ()fvolt (maximum) pulse 1 usee wide atRMS voltage is 215 Volts. For complete specifications write

Ailing, W.R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Compact microwave lamp having a tuning block and a dielectric located in a lamp cavity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave lamp having a compact structure utilizing a coupling slot which has a dielectric member extending therethrough and a tuning block adjoining the coupling slot. A non-conventional waveguide is used which has about the width of a WR-284 waveguide and about the length of a WR-340 waveguide.

Simpson, James E. (Gaithersburg, MD)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

LED LAMP OR BULB WITH REMOTE PHOSPHOR AND DIFFUSER ...  

An LED lamp or bulb is disclosed that comprises a light source, a heat sink structure and an optical cavity. The optical cavity comprises a phosphor ...

174

Heat transfer assembly for a fluorescent lamp and fixture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a lighting fixture including a lamp and a housing, a heat transfer structure is disclosed for reducing the minimum lamp wall temperature of a fluorescent light bulb. The heat transfer structure, constructed of thermally conductive material, extends from inside the housing to outside the housing, transferring heat energy generated from a fluorescent light bulb to outside the housing where the heat energy is dissipated to the ambient air outside the housing. Also disclosed is a method for reducing minimum lamp wall temperatures. Further disclosed is an improved lighting fixture including a lamp, a housing and the aforementioned heat transfer structure. 11 figs.

Siminovitch, M.J.; Rubenstein, F.M.; Whitman, R.E.

1992-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

175

Fluorescent lamp unit with magnetic field generating means  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fluorescent lamp unit having a magnetic field generating means for improving the performance of the fluorescent lamp is disclosed. In a preferred embodiment the fluorescent lamp comprises four longitudinally extending leg portions disposed in substantially quadrangular columnar array and joined by three generally U-shaped portions disposed in different planes. In another embodiment of the invention the magnetic field generating means comprises a plurality of permanent magnets secured together to form a single columnar structure disposed within a centrally located region defined by the shape of lamp envelope. 4 figs.

Grossman, M.W.; George, W.A.

1989-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

176

Development and characterization of a high CRI LED lamp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The aim of this thesis is to realize a high CRI LED lamp using the color mixing technique. We start from a high efficiency white… (more)

Meneghesso , Matteo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Stadiums and arenas use efficient, high wattage lamps - Today ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Other lighting types, such as light-emitting diode (LED), incandescent, and halogen lamps, are used in applications like signals, signage, ...

178

Heat transfer assembly for a fluorescent lamp and fixture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a lighting fixture including a lamp and a housing, a heat transfer structure is disclosed for reducing the minimum lamp wall temperature of a fluorescent light bulb. The heat transfer structure, constructed of thermally conductive material, extends from inside the housing to outside the housing, transferring heat energy generated from a fluorescent light bulb to outside the housing where the heat energy is dissipated to the ambient air outside the housing. Also disclosed is a method for reducing minimum lamp wall temperatures. Further disclosed is an improved lighting fixture including a lamp, a housing and the aforementioned heat transfer structure.

Siminovitch, Michael J. (Richmond, CA); Rubenstein, Francis M. (Berkeley, CA); Whitman, Richard E. (Richmond, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

have been required to comply with the Department of Energy (DOE) energy conservation standards for fluorescent lamp ballasts since 1990. Fluorescent lamp ballasts control electric...

180

Fluorescent lamp with static magnetic field generating means  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fluorescent lamp wherein magnetic field generating means (e.g., permanent magnets) are utilized to generate a static magnetic field across the respective electrode structures of the lamp such that maximum field strength is located at the electrode's filament. An increase in efficacy during operation has been observed.

Moskowitz, Philip E. (Peabody, MA); Maya, Jakob (Brookline, MA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Fluorescent lamp with static magnetic field generating means  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fluorescent lamp wherein magnetic field generating means (e.g., permanent magnets) are utilized to generate a static magnetic field across the respective electrode structures of the lamp such that maximum field strength is located at the electrode's filament. An increase in efficacy during operation has been observed. 2 figs.

Moskowitz, P.E.; Maya, J.

1987-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

182

Contrast between the vertical and horizontal mercury discharge lamps  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the thermal behavior of a high pressure mercury lamp in a horizontal position, compared with that of a vertical lamp. The model adopted is three-dimensional, steady, and powered DC. After the model validation, we analyzed temperature fields and velocities for the case of the lamp in a horizontal position by comparing it with those of a lamp in vertical position. This setting initially fixed the wall temperature equal to 1000 K. However, the morphology of the temperature profile in the case of the horizontal lamp indicates that the temperature of the wall cannot be uniform. Thus, we have, in a second time, performed an energy balance at the wall to calculate its temperature. This aims to understand the influence of convection on the thermal properties of the source.

Ben Hamida, M. B.; Helali, H.; Araoud, Z.; Charrada, K. [Unite d'Etude des Milieux Ionises et Reactifs, IPEIM, 5019 route de Kairouan Monastir (Tunisia)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

183

Method and apparatus for powering an electrodeless lamp with reduced radio frequency interference  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrodeless lamp waveguide structure includes tuned absorbers for spurious RF signals. A lamp waveguide with an integral frequency selective attenuation includes resonant absorbers positioned within the waveguide to absorb spurious out-of-band RF energy. The absorbers have a negligible effect on energy at the selected frequency used to excite plasma in the lamp. In a first embodiment, one or more thin slabs of lossy magnetic material are affixed to the sidewalls of the waveguide at approximately one quarter wavelength of the spurious signal from an end wall of the waveguide. The positioning of the lossy material optimizes absorption of power from the spurious signal. In a second embodiment, one or more thin slabs of lossy magnetic material are used in conjunction with band rejection waveguide filter elements. In a third embodiment, one or more microstrip filter elements are tuned to the frequency of the spurious signal and positioned within the waveguide to couple and absorb the spurious signal's energy. All three embodiments absorb negligible energy at the selected frequency and so do not significantly diminish the energy efficiency of the lamp.

Simpson, James E. (Gaithersburg, MD)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Method and apparatus for powering an electrodeless lamp with reduced radio frequency interference  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrodeless lamp waveguide structure includes tuned absorbers for spurious RF signals. A lamp waveguide with an integral frequency selective attenuation includes resonant absorbers positioned within the waveguide to absorb spurious out-of-band RF energy. The absorbers have a negligible effect on energy at the selected frequency used to excite plasma in the lamp. In a first embodiment, one or more thin slabs of lossy magnetic material are affixed to the sidewalls of the waveguide at approximately one quarter wavelength of the spurious signal from an end wall of the waveguide. The positioning of the lossy material optimizes absorption of power from the spurious signal. In a second embodiment, one or more thin slabs of lossy magnetic material are used in conjunction with band rejection waveguide filter elements. In a third embodiment, one or more microstrip filter elements are tuned to the frequency of the spurious signal and positioned within the waveguide to couple and absorb the spurious signal's energy. All three embodiments absorb negligible energy at the selected frequency and so do not significantly diminish the energy efficiency of the lamp. 18 figs.

Simpson, J.E.

1999-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

185

Highly Efficient Small Form Factor LED Retrofit Lamp  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes work to develop a high efficiency LED-based MR16 lamp downlight at OSRAM SYLVANIA under US Department of Energy contract DE-EE0000611. A new multichip LED package, electronic driver, and reflector optic were developed for these lamps. At steady-state, the lamp luminous flux was 409 lumens (lm), luminous efficacy of 87 lumens per watt (LPW), CRI (Ra) of 87, and R9 of 85 at a correlated color temperature (CCT) of 3285K. The LED alone achieved 120 lumens per watt efficacy and 600 lumen flux output at 25 C. The driver had 90% electrical conversion efficiency while maintaining excellent power quality with power factor >0.90 at a power of only 5 watts. Compared to similar existing MR16 lamps using LED sources, these lamps had much higher efficacy and color quality. The objective of this work was to demonstrate a LED-based MR16 retrofit lamp for replacement of 35W halogen MR16 lamps having (1) luminous flux of 500 lumens, (2) luminous efficacy of 100 lumens per watt, (3) beam angle less than 40{sup o} and center beam candlepower of at least 1000 candelas, and (4) excellent color quality.

Steven Allen; Fred Palmer; Ming Li

2011-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

186

Covered Product Category: Compact Fluorescent Lamps | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Covered Product Category: Compact Fluorescent Lamps Covered Product Category: Compact Fluorescent Lamps Covered Product Category: Compact Fluorescent Lamps October 7, 2013 - 10:48am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs), which are an ENERGY STAR-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR.

187

Information Resources: LED Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps Webcast Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps Webcast In this June 20, 2011 webcast on LED products marketed as replacements for linear fluorescent lamps, Jason Tuenge of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) discussed current Lighting Facts-listed products as well as products evaluated in the latest CALiPER reports. Eric Richman, also of PNNL, reported on a recently completed GATEWAY demonstration project, in which LED and fluorescent lamps were installed in a variety of recessed troffer luminaires for comparison in an office environment. The presentation concluded with a discussion of specifications listed in a newly updated technology fact sheet. View presentation slides View the text-alternative version View the webcast (WMV 16 MB) Download Windows Media Player

188

Max Tech and Beyond: High-Intensity Discharge Lamps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the reason industry started by developing ceramic MH lampsceramic metal halide lamps, which are the focus of industry’industry had invested in the development of very low wattage ceramic

Scholand, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

The LAMP QPF Products. Part I: Model Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Local AWIPS (Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System) MOS (model output statistics) Program (LAMP) quantitative precipitation forecast (QPF) system produces 1–22-h forecasts of precipitation over the conterminous United States. The ...

Jerome P. Charba

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

One piece microwave container screens for electrodeless lamps  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave powered electrodeless lamp includes an improved screen unit having mesh and solid sections with an internal reflector to reflect light into a light-transmitting chamber defined in the lamp microwave cavity by the reflector and the mesh section. A discharge envelope of a bulb is disposed in the light-transmitting chamber. Light emitted from the envelope is prevented by the reflector from entering the cavity portion bounded by the solid section of the screen. Replacing mesh material by solid metal material as part of the screen unit significantly reduces leakage of microwave energy from the lamp. The solid section has multiple compliant fingers defined therein for engaging the periphery of a flange on the waveguide unit so that a hose clamp can easily secure the screen to the assembly. Screen units of this type having different mesh section configurations can be interchanged in the lamp assembly to produce different respective illumination patterns.

Turner, Brian (Myersville, MD); Ury, Michael (Bethesda, MD)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Biomass-Derived Hydrogen from a Thermally Ballasted Gasifier Robert C. Brown, Glenn Norton, Andy Suby, Jerod Smeenk, Keith Cummer, and Josh Nunez  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomass-Derived Hydrogen from a Thermally Ballasted Gasifier Robert C. Brown, Glenn Norton, Andy fuel cells. We have developed a thermally ballasted gasifier that uses a single reactor for both compared to conventional gasifiers. The carbon monoxide, along with steam used to fluidize the reactor, can

192

Electronic Radio-Frequency (Electrodeless) Induction Lamps: A Fluorescent Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update addresses an expanding energy efficient light source electronic radio-frequency (electrodeless) induction lamps. Business and technical market factors (Chapter 2) use the past and future growth of the CFL market to illustrate the potential for the induction lighting market while emphasizing future technical improvements. Discussion of the importance of utility involvement in helping their customers consider induction lamps for high-efficiency fluorescent applications with long-...

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

193

An ultraviolet barrier-discharge OH molecular lamp  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energy and spectral parameters of a barrier discharge in a mixture of argon with hydroxyl {sup .}OH are studied experimentally. A sealed lamp with the radiation intensity maximum at {lambda} = 309.2 nm, an emitting surface area of {approx}700 cm{sup 2}, and a radiant excitance of 1.5 mW cm{sup -2} has been fabricated. The radiant power of the lamp is 1.1 W. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)

Sosnin, E A; Erofeev, M V; Avdeev, S M; Panchenko, Aleksei N; Panarin, V A; Skakun, V S; Tarasenko, Viktor F; Shitts, D V [Institute of High Current Electronics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk (Russian Federation)

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

194

Refurbishment of ballast water system of the gravity base structure - Beryl 'A'  

SciTech Connect

The Beryl Alpha Gravity Base Platform has operated satisfactorily for the past 11 years and is expected to stay in operation until the year 2017. The Ballast Water System is a vital part of the platform's oil storage and export equipment. In 1986, during routine pipe inspections in the lower part of the utility shaft, significant defects were discovered which resulted in major refurbishment work. Innovative designs and working procedures were employed for replacement and reinforced grout encasement of line pipe sections. This paper details the important aspects of this refurbishment work.

Seume, K.; Gilchrist, J.M.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

A nozzle array and ballast resistance for producing a glow discharge in a gas flow  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a design for a nozzle-anode array equipped with a system of cathodes fitted at the axis of each nozzle together with liquid ballast resistors. The system is designed to produce a glow discharge in a supersonic gas flow. The circuit resistance is adjusted via the contact area between the electrode and the liquid. The nominal values of the resistances can be varied over the range 10/sup 1/-10/sup 4/..cap omega.., or set values can be produced with an accuracy of + or - 2%.

Alferov, V.I.; Bushmin, A.S.; Dmitriev, L.M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Application of a three-dimensional model for a study of the energy transfer of a high-pressure mercury horizontal lamp  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is devoted to study the dynamics of a discharge lamp with high intensity in a horizontal position. As an example of application, we chose the high-pressure mercury lamp. For this, we realized a three-dimensional model, a stable and powered DC. After the validation of this model, we used it to reproduce the influence of some parameters that have appeared on major transport phenomena of mass and energy in studying the lamp operating in a horizontal position. Indeed, the mass of mercury and the electric current are modified and the effect of convective transport is studied.

Ben Hamida, M. B.; Charrada, K. [Unite d'Etude des Milieux Ionises et Reactifs, IPEIM, 5019 route de Kairouan Monastir (Tunisia)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Studies on Temperature Dependence of Rubidium Lamp for Atomic Frequency Standard  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rb lamp is a very critical component of the Rb atomic clock's Physics Package. The Rb lamp's performance is very sensitive to temperature and its stability. In this paper we discuss the behaviors of Rb Lamp with temperature. The Rb lamp exciter power and temperature of Rb bulb are very important parameters in controlling the performance of the Rb Lamp. It is observed that at temperatures beyond 110 deg. C, the lamp mode changes from the ring to red mode resulting in abnormal broadening of emission lines and self reversal. The results of our studies on spectral analysis of Rb lamp under various operating conditions are reported in the paper.

Ghosal, Bikash; Banik, Alak; Vats, Vaibhav; Pal, Sukamal; Bahl, R. K [Space Applications Centre, ISRO, Ahmedabad-380015 (India)

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

198

Pulsed operation of a segmented longitudinal discharge CO/sub 2/ laser without ballast impedance  

SciTech Connect

It is shown that a longitudinal CO/sub 2/ laser with two discharge tubes electrically coupled in parallel can be operated in pulsed mode without ballast impedance. This scheme not only yields much higher efficiency (up to 13% at the maximum output energy) and eliminates component failure at high pulse repetition frequency (prf) but also facilitates short pulse availability. In the absence of ballast, current and laser pulse width decrease on increasing the voltage applied to the discharge tubes but these quantities remain unaffected on varying the value of the energy storage capacitor. This enables an independent control of the laser pulse duration and energy. Threshold energy for the onset of nonuniformities in the glow discharge reduces almost exponentially on increasing the discharge current pulse duration but rises on decreasing the operating value of E/N, the electric field to neutral gas density ratio. The maximum output laser energy of about 1 J/pulse, adjustable pulse duration from 30 ..mu..s to about 2 ms, and prf up to 50 Hz have been obtained.

Kukreja, L.M.; Sehgal, S.K.; Chatterjee, U.K.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

EA-1881: Finding of No Significant Impact  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts (October 2011)

200

EA-1881: Final Environmental Assessment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts (October 2011)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Treatability study for removal of leachable mercury in crushed fluorescent lamps  

SciTech Connect

Nonserviceable fluorescent lamps removed from radiological control areas at the Oak Ridge Department of Energy facilities have been crushed and are currently managed as mixed waste (hazardous and radiologically contaminated). We present proposed treatment flowsheets and supporting treatability study data for conditioning this solid waste residue so that it can qualify for disposal in a sanitary landfill. Mercury in spent fluorescent lamps occurs primarily as condensate on high-surface-area phosphor material. It can be solubilized with excess oxidants (e.g., hypochlorite solution) and stabilized by complexation with halide ions. Soluble mercury in dechlorinated saline solution is effectively removed by cementation with zero-valent iron in the form of steel wool. In packed column dynamic flow testing, soluble mercury was reduced to mercury metal and insoluble calomel, loading > 1.2 g of mercury per grain of steel wool before an appreciable breakthrough of soluble mercury in the effluent.

Bostick, W.D.; Beck, D.E.; Bowser, K.T. [and others

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Application guidance for fluorescent lighting projects  

SciTech Connect

This application guides is intended to help activity personnel retrofit fluorescent lighting. With this guide, an energy manager can determine if replacing T-12 lamp and magnetic ballast fixtures is cost effective.

Rocha, M.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Very high efficacy electrodeless high intensity discharge lamps  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrodeless arc lamp comprises an outer jacket hermetically sealing and thermally protecting an arc tube inside which has an upwardly convex bottom center section. The absence of chemically reactive electrode material makes it possible to use metal halides other than iodides. The tube contains chlorides, bromides or a mixture thereof of scandium and sodium in a nearly equimolar relationship in addition to mercury and an inert gas. Good color balance can be obtained at reduced reservoir temperature and with less power loss. Reduction in wall temperature makes it possible to attain longer lamp life.

Johnson, P.D.

1985-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

204

New LED light sources and lamps for general illumination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of light source compared to traditional light sources like incandescent bulbs and fluorescent tubes bulb. LEDs emit colored light with a narrow spectral band of 20-30 nm, colors covering the spectralNew LED light sources and lamps for general illumination Carsten Dam-Hansen, Birgitte Thestrup

205

Improved performance of a ballast resistance helical transversely excited CO/sub 2/ laser with water vapor and low ionization potential additives instead of helium  

SciTech Connect

Increased laser energy, peak power, and number of lasing rotational lines are reported in a ballast resistance TE CO/sub 2/ laser, with small amounts of water vapor and low ionization potential additives in place of helium.

Nath, A.K.; Biswas, D.J.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Appliance Standard Program - The FY 2003 Priority -Setting Summary...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts Electric Motors, 1-200HP Fluorescent Lamps Commercial Oil- and Gas-Fired Packaged Boilers Mobile Home Furnaces High-Intensity Discharge Lamps...

207

Section 5.4.1 Linear Fluorescent Lighting: Greening Federal Facilities...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and color temperature. When specifying a lighting sys- tem, be sure that the lamp and ballast are electrically matched and the lamp and fixture optically matched. Fluorescent lamp...

208

Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LED Replacement Lamps: Current LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® on

209

Observed Minimum Illuminance Threshold for Night Market Vendors in Kenya who use LED Lamps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the economics of fuel-based and LED lighting technology fordata logger equipped rechargeable LED lamps, monitoring theadoption of the LED lamps, and a follow-up survey. 1 Figure

Johnstone, Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Information on the Fate of Mercury From Fluorescent Lamps Disposed in Landfills  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mercury is contained in energy-efficient fluorescent, mercury-vapor, metal halide, and high-pressure sodium lamps. This report presents information on the potential for air and groundwater contamination when mercury lamps are disposed in municipal landfills.

1995-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

211

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for each lighting unit will be computed as: Lamps rated cpacity per lamp including Ballast X 0.097pacity per lamp including Ballast X 0.097 OpenEIUtilityRate...

212

Mercury Lamps Recycling Fluorescent light-tubes, compact fluorescent bulbs, mercury and sodium vapor lamps, ultraviolet and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mercury Lamps Recycling Fluorescent light-tubes, compact fluorescent bulbs, mercury and sodium light tubes are recycled. They are made from aluminum and metal. Aluminum is a silver-white metal and is very light in weight and strong. Because aluminum is ductile, it can be drawn into wires or pressed

Ungerleider, Leslie G.

213

Thermal element for maintaining minimum lamp wall temperature in fluorescent fixtures  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a lighting fixture including a lamp and a housing, an improvement is disclosed for maintaining a lamp envelope area at a cooler, reduced temperature relative to the enclosed housing ambient. The improvement comprises a thermal element in thermal communication with the housing extending to and springably urging thermal communication with a predetermined area of the lamp envelope surface.

Siminovitch, Michael J. (Richmond, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Thermal element for maintaining minimum lamp wall temperature in fluorescent fixtures  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a lighting fixture including a lamp and a housing, an improvement is disclosed for maintaining a lamp envelope area at a cooler, reduced temperature relative to the enclosed housing ambient. The improvement comprises a thermal element in thermal communication with the housing extending to and springably urging thermal communication with a predetermined area of the lamp envelope surface. 12 figs.

Siminovitch, M.J.

1992-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

215

Inrush related problems caused by lamps with electronic drivers and their mitigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New types of appliances sometimes bring unexpected power quality problems. On several locations it was reported that energy-saving lamps cause random false tripping of circuit breakers. In all of these cases these lamps had electronic drivers. An investigation ... Keywords: energy-saving lamp, false tripping, inrush, mitigation, power quality

Vladimir ?uk; Joseph F. G. Cobben; Wil L. Kling

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Assessment of Electrical, Efficiency, and Photometric Performance of Advanced Lighting Sources: Dimmable Advanced Lighting Technolog ies -- Electronic Linear Fluorescent Ballasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update is one of four in a series that addresses the basic dimming performance of advanced lighting sources8212linear electronic fluorescent ballasts. Chapter 1 provides a discussion of basic lighting control, the importance of considering power quality in lighting control, lighting control methods and parameters, and the advantages and future of lighting control. Chapter 2 addresses in more depth dimming methods used in advanced lighting sources and controls for incandescent, fluores...

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

Luminaire/plenum/HVAC simulator  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a new apparatus designed to model the physical parameters that affect fluorescent lamp performance under realistic operating conditions. These parameters include fixture type, mounting configuration, HVAC integration, and room air temperature, which directly determine the minimum lamp wall temperature (MLWT) and, therefore, the resulting light output of the lamp/ballast system. This apparatus is used principally to measure MLWT under operating conditions, which enables us to identify the effects the major parameters have on lamp/ballast system performance. Initial parametric results illustrate the use of this apparatus to provide representative MLWTs for a range of application conditions.

Siminovitch, M.J.; Rubinstein, F.M.; Clark, T.A.; Verderber, R.R.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Sulfur Lamps-The Next Generation of Efficient Light?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 Sulfur Lamps-The Next Generation of Efficient Light? The figure above is a schematic of the system installed at the National Air and Space Museum and the DOE headquarters in Washington, D.C., Light from the sulfur lamp is focused by a parabolic reflector so that it enters the light pipe within a small angular cone. Light travels down the pipe, reflecting off the prismatic film (A) that lines the outer acrylic tube. The prismatic film reflects the light through total internal reflection (C), an intrinsically efficient process. Some of the light striking the film (at A) is not reflected and "leaks out" of the pipe walls (B), giving the pipe a glowing appearance. A light ray that travels all the way down the pipe will strike the mirror at the end (D) and return back up the pipe.

219

DuraLamp USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-0912) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DuraLamp USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-0912) DuraLamp USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-0912) DuraLamp USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-0912) September 9, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that DuraLamp USA, Inc. failed to certify a variety of general service fluorescent lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. DuraLamp USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-0912) More Documents & Publications DuraLamp USA: Order (2010-CE-0912)

220

Water pollution: EPA controls over ballast water at Trans-Alaska Pipeline Marine Terminal  

SciTech Connect

The Alyeska Pipeline Service Company at Valdez, Alaska, operates a water treatment plant at the terminal to treat ballast water, oily sea water that is carried in tankers to provide stability, before it is discharged into the bay. The Environmental Protection Agency is nearly 4 years late in issuing a new permit to Alyeska which regulates the types and amounts of pollution that can be discharged. Alyeska has been operating under an extension of its old permit whose conditions may be less stringent than the new permit will require. Prior to 1984, EPA monitored Alyeska's permit and identified instances of noncompliance with permit conditions, but its enforcement actions were limited to discussions and correspondence with Alyeska. In contrast, since 1984, EPA has begun taking enforcement actions as well as investigating allegations of other environmental problems. EPA should have acted sooner and until the new permit is issued, questions about the protection of marine life and water quality in Valdez Bay will remain unanswered.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

LBNL Lighting Research Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LED and ballast berkeley lamp workstation light switch Overview | What's New | Publications | Software | Facilities | People | Contact Us | Links Sources and Ballasts | Light...

222

CSA Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1.2: 2001 Self-Ballasted Lamps for General Lighting Services - Performance Requirements. ... [22/S06] ANSI C82.2:2002 Ballast for Fluorescent ...

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

223

GE Nela Park, Product Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1.2: 2001 Self-Ballasted Lamps for General Lighting Services - Performance Requirements. ... [22/S06] ANSI C82.2:2002 Ballast for Fluorescent ...

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

224

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

111111111111111111111 OpenEIUtilityRateDescription Applicable to outdoor lighting by ballast ... Applicable to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures attached...

225

Independent Testing Laboratories, Inc.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1.2: 2001 Self-Ballasted Lamps for General Lighting Services - Performance Requirements. ... [22/S06] ANSI C82.2:2002 Ballast for Fluorescent ...

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

226

Performance of T12 and T8 Fluorescent Lamps and Troffers and LED Linear Replacement Lamps CALiPER Benchmark Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) Commercially Available LED Product Evaluation and Reporting (CALiPER) Program was established in 2006 to investigate the performance of light-emitting diode (LED) based luminaires and replacement lamps. To help users better compare LED products with conventional lighting technologies, CALiPER has also performed benchmark research and testing of traditional (i.e., non-LED) lamps and fixtures. This benchmark report addresses standard 4-foot fluorescent lamps (i.e., T12 and T8) and the 2-foot by 4-foot recessed troffers in which they are commonly used. This report also examines available LED replacements for T12 and T8 fluorescent lamps, and their application in fluorescent troffers. The construction and operation of linear fluorescent lamps and troffers are discussed, as well as fluorescent lamp and fixture performance, based on manufacturer data and CALiPER benchmark testing. In addition, the report describes LED replacements for linear fluorescent lamps, and compares their bare lamp and in situ performance with fluorescent benchmarks on a range of standard lighting measures, including power usage, light output and distribution, efficacy, correlated color temperature, and the color rendering index. Potential performance and application issues indicated by CALiPER testing results are also examined.

Myer, Michael; Paget, Maria L.; Lingard, Robert D.

2009-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

227

Conservation potential of compact fluorescent lamps in India and Brazil  

SciTech Connect

We evaluate the conservation potential of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) for managing the rapidly increasing electrical energy and peak demand in India and Brazil. Using very conservative assumptions, we find that the cost of conserved energy using 16 W CFLs is 4 and 6 times less than the long range marginal cost of electricity for the two countries. The cost of avoided peak installed capacity is 6 and 9.5 times less than the cost of new installed capacity for India and Brazil. The analysis is undertaken from the three separate perspectives of the national economies, the consumers, and the utilities. We find that because residential electricity is subsidized, the consumers have little or no incentive to purchase and install the CFLs, unless they too are subsidized. However, the benefits of CFL installation to the utility are so large that subsidizing them is a paying proposition for the utility are so large that subsidizing them is a paying proposition for the utility in almost all cases. As an illustration of a gradual introduction strategy for CFLs, we calculate a scenario where national savings of the order of US $1.2 million per day for India and US $2.5 million per day for Brazil are reached in 10 years by a small and gradual transfer of subsidy from residential electricity to CFLs. We then explore the barriers to immediate large scale introduction of these lamps in the two countries. Specific technical and marketing problems are identified and discussed, which would require solution before such an introduction can be attempted. Lastly, we discuss the range of policy instruments, in addition to a subsidy scheme, that can be used for promoting the diffusion of these lamps in the domestic and commercial sector. 47 refs., 15 figs., 2 tabs.

Gadgil, A.; Martino Jannuzzi, G. de (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA); Universidade Estadual de Campinas, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia)

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Microwave lamp with multi-purpose rotary motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a microwave powered electrodeless lamp, a single rotary motor is used to (a) rotate the bulb and (b) provide rotary motion to a blower or pump means for providing cooling fluid to the magnetron and/or to a forced gas cooler for providing cooling gas to the bulb. The blower may consist of only of an impeller without the usual blower housing. The motor, bulb stem and bulb, or motor, bulb stem, bulb and blower may be formed as an integral unit so as to facilitate replacement. 8 figs.

Ury, M.G.; Turner, B.; Wooten, R.D.

1999-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

229

Microwave lamp with multi-purpose rotary motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a microwave powered electrodeless lamp, a single rotary motor is used to a) rotate the bulb and b) provide rotary motion to a blower or pump means for providing cooling fluid to the magnetron and/or to a forced gas cooling for providing cooler gas to the bulb. The blower may consist of only of an impeller without the usual blower housing. The motor, bulb stem and bulb, or motor, bulb stem, bulb and blower may be formed as an integral unit so as to facilitate replacement.

Ury, Michael G. (Bethesda, MD); Turner, Brian (Myersville, MD); Wooten, Robert D. (Rockville, MD)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Low pressure arc discharge lamp apparatus with magnetic field generating means  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A low-pressure arc discharge apparatus having a magnetic field generating means for increasing the output of a discharge lamp is disclosed. The magnetic field generating means, which in one embodiment includes a plurality of permanent magnets, is disposed along the lamp for applying a constant transverse magnetic field over at least a portion of the positive discharge column produced in the arc discharge lamp operating at an ambient temperature greater than about 25 C. 3 figs.

Grossman, M.W.; George, W.A.; Maya, J.

1987-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

231

Observed Minimum Illuminance Threshold for Night Market Vendors in Kenya who use LED Lamps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Small Businesses in Kenya." Lumina Project Technicalfor Night Market Vendors in Kenya who use LED Lamps Petermany people and businesses in Kenya who participated in this

Johnstone, Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Demonstration of LED Retrofit Lamps at the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents observations and results obtained from a lighting demonstration project conducted under the U.S. Department of Energy GATEWAY Solid-State Lighting (SSL) Technology Demonstration Program at the Smithsonain American Art Museum in Washington, DC. LED Lamp samples were tested in the museum workshop, temporarily installed in a gallery for feedback, and ultimately replaced all traditional incandescent lamps in one gallery of modernist art at the American Art Museum and partially replacing lamps in two galleries at the Musesum's Renwick Gallery. This report describes the selection and testing process, technology challenges, perceptions, economics, energy use, and mixed results of usign LED replacement lamps in art galleries housing national treasures.

Miller, Naomi J.; Rosenfeld, Scott M.

2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

233

EA-1911: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Lamps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA will evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to amend energy conservation standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Lamps.

234

Dimming of Compact Fluorescent Lamps Caused By Cold-Air Drafts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Case Study documents the investigation performed by the New York Port Authority (PA) of the dimming of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) in the World Trade Center.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

235

Power control architectures for cold cathode fluorescent lamp and light emitting diode based light sources.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In this dissertation, two different energy efficient power supply topologies are introduced for controlling cold cathode fluorescent lamp (CCFL) and high-brightness light emitting diode… (more)

Doshi, Montu V.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

High Efficiency LED Lamp for Solid-State Lighting  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a summary of technical achievements during a three-year project to demonstrate high efficiency, solid-state lamps based on gallium nitride/silicon carbide light-emitting diodes. Novel chip designs and fabrication processes are described for a new type of nitride light-emitting diode with the potential for very high efficiency. This work resulted in the demonstration of blue light-emitting diodes in the one watt class that achieved up to 495 mW of light output at 350 mA drive current, corresponding to quantum and wall plug efficiencies of 51% and 45%, respectively. When combined with a phosphor in Cree's 7090 XLamp package, these advanced blue-emitting devices resulted in white light-emitting diodes whose efficacy exceeded 85 lumens per watt. In addition, up to 1040 lumens at greater than 85 lumens per watt was achieved by combining multiple devices to make a compact white lamp module with high optical efficiency.

James Ibbetson

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

237

COST EFFECTIVENESS OF LONG LIFE INCANDESCENT LAMPS AND ENERGY BUTTONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

certain whether the electrical power is off or on, he may beof light. The electrical input (power, voltage and current)

Verderber, Rudy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

COST EFFECTIVENESS OF LONG LIFE INCANDESCENT LAMPS AND ENERGY BUTTONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

placed into light bulb sockets (Edison sockets) and the lampbe inserted into the same Edison type socket that is usedto injury. In addition, Edison sockets that are hori~

Verderber, Rudy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

I, 2009, each metal halide lamp fixture with a magnetic probe-start metal halide ballast must contain a magnetic probe-start metal halide ballast with a minimum ballast...

240

Spectral irradiance model for tungsten halogen lamps in 340-850 nm wavelength range  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have developed a physical model for the spectral irradiance of 1 kW tungsten halogen incandescent lamps for the wavelength range 340-850 nm. The model consists of the Planck's radiation law, published values for the emissivity of tungsten, and a residual spectral correction function taking into account unknown factors of the lamp. The correction function was determined by measuring the spectra of a 1000 W, quartz-halogen, tungsten coiled filament (FEL) lamp at different temperatures. The new model was tested with lamps of types FEL and 1000 W, 120 V quartz halogen (DXW). Comparisons with measurements of two national standards laboratories indicate that the model can account for the spectral irradiance values of lamps with an agreement better than 1% throughout the spectral region studied. We further demonstrate that the spectral irradiance of a lamp can be predicted with an expanded uncertainty of 2.6% if the color temperature and illuminance values for the lamp are known with expanded uncertainties of 20 K and 2%, respectively. In addition, it is suggested that the spectral irradiance may be derived from resistance measurements of the filament with lamp on and off.

Ojanen, Maija; Kaerhae, Petri; Ikonen, Erkki

2010-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Table lamp with dynamically controlled lighting distribution and uniformly illuminated luminous shade  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A double lamp table or floor lamp lighting system has a pair of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) or other lamps arranged vertically, i.e. one lamp above the other, with a reflective septum in between. By selectively turning on one or both of the CFLs, down lighting, up lighting, or both up and down lighting is produced. The control system can also vary the light intensity from each CFL. The reflective septum ensures that almost all the light produced by each lamp will be directed into the desired light distribution pattern which is selected and easily changed by the user. In a particular configuration, the reflective septum is bowl shaped, with the upper CFL sitting in the bowl, and a luminous shade hanging down from the bowl. The lower CFL provides both task lighting and uniform shade luminance. Planar compact fluorescent lamps, e.g. circular CFLs, particularly oriented horizontally, are preferable. CFLs provide energy efficiency. However, other types of lamps, including incandescent, halogen, and LEDs can also be used in the fixture. The lighting system may be designed for the home, hospitality, office or other environments.

Siminovitch, Michael J. (Pinole, CA); Page, Erik R. (Berkeley, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

THERMAL ANNEALING OF ZNO FILMS USING HIGH-DENSITY PLASMA ARC LAMPS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanostructured materials are rarely synthesized with appropriate phase and/or morphology. In this study, critical additional of as-synthesized nanostructured materials, such as annealing and/or activation of dopants, are addressed using infrared plasma arc lamps (PAL) over areas as large as 1,000 cm2. The broad spectral range of the PAL and the spectral variation of light absorption in nanostructured materials make the selection of processing parameters extremely difficult, posing a major technological barrier. In this study, the measurement of the surface temperature using various techniques for ZnO films on crystalline silicon wafers is discussed. An energy transport model for the simulation of rapid thermal processing using PAL is presented. The experimental and computational results show that the surface temperature cannot be measured directly and that computer simulation results are an effective tool for obtaining accurate data on processing temperatures.

Sabau, Adrian S [ORNL; Dinwiddie, Ralph Barton [ORNL; Xu, Jun [ORNL; Angelini, Joseph Attilio [ORNL; Harper, David C [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dusk till daylight. Price of lamp per month: (Rated kW capacity of lamp, including ballast x 4000 x 0.0741)12p, including ballast x 4000 x 0.0741)12 OpenEIUtilityRate...

244

Lamp system with conditioned water coolant and diffuse reflector of polytetrafluorethylene(PTFE)  

SciTech Connect

A lamp system with a very soft high-intensity output is provided over a large area by water cooling a long-arc lamp inside a diffuse reflector of polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE) and titanium dioxide (TiO.sub.2) white pigment. The water is kept clean and pure by a one micron particulate filter and an activated charcoal/ultraviolet irradiation system that circulates and de-ionizes and biologically sterilizes the coolant water at all times, even when the long-arc lamp is off.

Zapata, Luis E. (Livermore, CA); Hackel, Lloyd (Livermore, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Lamp system with conditioned water coolant and diffuse reflector of polytetrafluorethylene(PTFE)  

SciTech Connect

A lamp system with a very soft high-intensity output is provided over a large area by water cooling a long-arc lamp inside a diffuse reflector of polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE) and titanium dioxide (TiO{sub 2}) white pigment. The water is kept clean and pure by a one micron particulate filter and an activated charcoal/ultraviolet irradiation system that circulates and de-ionizes and biologically sterilizes the coolant water at all times, even when the long-arc lamp is off.

Zapata, L.E.; Hackel, L.

1999-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

246

EA-1881: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts EA-1881: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp...

247

Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AC LEDs, particularly for lower luminosity bulbs. Efficacy (bulb or tube, a compact fluorescent lamp typically includes an integral ballast, as do HID lamps, and an LED

Garbesi, Karina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

NIST: Atomic Spectroscopy Group - Optogalvanic Reference ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Changes in the lamp current that occur when a resonance is achieved are detected by a drop in voltage across the lamp's ballast resistor with a lock ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

249

Miniature UV lamp excited by subnanosecond voltage pulses  

SciTech Connect

Energy, time, and spectral characteristics of emission of the second positive system of N{sub 2} molecules in gaseous nitrogen, Ar - N{sub 2} mixture, and air are investigated. An FPG-10 generator with voltage pulse FWHM of 200 and 400 ps and matched-load amplitudes of 14 and 6 kV, respectively, is used to excite gases. It is shown that excitation can be performed in two regimes using this generator. In the first regime a diffuse discharge is formed at atmospheric pressure, which opens ways to design miniature nanosecond UV lamps. A diffuse discharge is formed due to the generation of runaway electrons, with the aid of electrodes having a small radius of curvature and voltage pulses with a sharp leading edge. In the second regime an elevated average radiation power is obtained under excitation by a barrier discharge. However, the operating pressure is lower in this case, and the sizes of the emitting region and the UV pulse width significantly increase. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)

Erofeev, M V; Baksht, E Kh; Tarasenko, Viktor F; Shut'ko, Yu V [Institute of High Current Electronics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk (Russian Federation)

2010-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

250

Integrated starting and running amalgam assembly for an electrodeless fluorescent lamp  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An integrated starting and running amalgam assembly for an electrodeless SEF fluorescent lamp includes a wire mesh amalgam support constructed to jointly optimize positions of a starting amalgam and a running amalgam in the lamp, thereby optimizing mercury vapor pressure in the lamp during both starting and steady-state operation in order to rapidly achieve and maintain high light output. The wire mesh amalgam support is constructed to support the starting amalgam toward one end thereof and the running amalgam toward the other end thereof, and the wire mesh is rolled for friction-fitting within the exhaust tube of the lamp. The positions of the starting and running amalgams on the wire mesh are jointly optimized such that high light output is achieved quickly and maintained, while avoiding any significant reduction in light output between starting and running operation.

Borowiec, Joseph Christopher (Schenectady, NY); Cocoma, John Paul (Clifton Park, NY); Roberts, Victor David (Burnt Hills, NY)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

On the Brightness of the Thomson Lamp: A Prolegomenon to Quantum Recursion Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some physical aspects related to the limit operations of the Thomson lamp are discussed. Regardless of the formally unbounded and even infinite number of "steps" involved, the physical limit has an operational meaning in agreement with the Abel sums ...

Karl Svozil

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Demonstration of LED Retrofit Lamps at the Jordan Schnitzer Museum of Art  

SciTech Connect

The Jordan Schnitzer Museum of Art in Eugene, Oregon, houses a remarkable permanent collection of Asian art and antiquities, modern art, and sculpture, and also hosts traveling exhibitions. In the winter and spring of 2011, a series of digital photographs by artist Chris Jordan, titled "Running the Numbers," was exhibited in the Coeta and Donald Barker Special Exhibitions Gallery. These works graphically illustrate waste (energy, money, health, consumer objects, etc.) in contemporary culture. The Bonneville Power Administration and the Eugene Water and Electricity Board provided a set of Cree 12W light-emitting diode (LED) PAR38 replacement lamps (Cree LRP38) for the museum to test for accent lighting in lieu of their standard Sylvania 90W PAR38 130V Narrow Flood lamps (which draw 78.9W at 120V). At the same time, the museum tested LED replacement lamps from three other manufacturers, and chose the Cree lamp as the most versatile and most appropriate color product for this exhibit. The lamps were installed for the opening of the show in January 2011. This report describes the process for the demonstration, the energy and economic results, and results of a survey of the museum staff and gallery visitors on four similar clusters of art lighted separately by four PAR38 lamps.

Miller, Naomi J.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Assessment of Electrical, Efficiency, and Photometric Performance of Advanced Lighting Sources: Dimmable Advanced Lighting Technolog ies -- Electronic High-Intensity Discharge Ballasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update addresses the dimming performance of electronic high-intensity discharge (HID) ballasts. Chapter 1 provides a discussion of basic lighting control, the importance of considering power quality in lighting control, lighting control methods and parameters, and the advantages and future of lighting control. Chapter 2 addresses in more depth the dimming methods used in advanced lighting sources and controls for incandescent, fluorescent, high-intensity discharge (HID) and light-emit...

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

254

A spreadsheet for analyzing the in situ performance of fluorescent luminaires  

SciTech Connect

A spreadsheet program for determining system efficacy, power input and light output of common 4 ft fluorescent lighting systems under realistic operating conditions is described. The program uses accepted IES engineering principles to precisely account for ballast factor, existing thermal conditions and maintenance practices. The spreadsheet, which includes a data base of lamp and ballast performance data, can be used to calculate the cost-effectiveness of many common lighting retrofits.

Rubinstein, F.; Zhang, Chin

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

X-ray Methods in High-Intensity Discharges and Metal-Halide Lamps: X-ray Induced Fluorescence  

SciTech Connect

We describe the use of x-ray induced fluorescence to study metal-halide high-intensity discharge lamps and to measure equilibrium vapor pressures of metal-halide salts. The physical principles of metal-halide lamps, relevant aspects of x-ray-atom interactions, the experimental method using synchrotron radiation, and x-ray induced fluorescence measurements relevant to metal-halide lamps are covered.

Curry, John J.; Lapatovich, Walter P.; Henins, Albert (NIST)

2011-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

256

Energy-Efficient, High-Color-Rendering LED Lamps Using Oxyfluoride and Fluoride Phosphors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

LED lamps using phosphor downconversion can be designed to replace incandescent or halogen sources with a 'warm-white' correlated color temperature (CCT) of 2700-3200 K and a color rendering index (CRI) greater than 90. However, these lamps have efficacies of {approx}70% of standard 'cool-white' LED packages (CCT = 4500-6000 K; CRI = 75-80). In this report, we describe structural and luminescence properties of fluoride and oxyfluoride phosphors, specifically a (Sr,Ca){sub 3}(Al,Si)O{sub 4}(F,O):Ce{sup 3+} yellow-green phosphor and a K{sub 2}TiF{sub 6}:Mn{sup 4+} red phosphor, that can reduce this gap and therefore meet the spectral and efficiency requirements for high-efficacy LED lighting. LED lamps with a warm-white color temperature (3088 K), high CRI (90), and an efficacy of {approx}82 lm/W are demonstrated using these phosphors. This efficacy is {approx}85% of comparable cool-white lamps using typical Y{sub 3}Al{sub 5}O{sub 12}:Ce{sup 3+}-based phosphors, significantly reducing the efficacy gap between warm-white and cool-white LED lamps that use phosphor downconversion.

Setlur, A.; Radkov, E; Henderson, C; Her, J; Srivastava, A; Karkada, N; Kishore, M; Kumar, N; Aesram, D; et al.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

L-Prize Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interagency Technology Deployment Working Group L Prize ® Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update James E. Rannels, Senior Advisor L Prize Competition D&R International March 15, 2012 Cost of electricity 1 cent per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 8, 2012 Page One 2 Cost of electricity 11 cents per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 9, 2012 Page Two 3 What Is the L Prize? * Technology competition to spur innovation and exceptional performance * Created by Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA 2007) Sec. 655 * Two key lamp replacements: 60W Incandescent and PAR 38 Halogen * Future focus: 21 st Century Lamp * Cash prizes, federal purchasing, utility programs 4 Philips Wins First L Prize * August 3, 2011: Philips

258

L-Prize Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interagency Technology Deployment Working Group L Prize ® Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update James E. Rannels, Senior Advisor L Prize Competition D&R International March 15, 2012 Cost of electricity 1 cent per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 8, 2012 Page One 2 Cost of electricity 11 cents per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 9, 2012 Page Two 3 What Is the L Prize? * Technology competition to spur innovation and exceptional performance * Created by Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA 2007) Sec. 655 * Two key lamp replacements: 60W Incandescent and PAR 38 Halogen * Future focus: 21 st Century Lamp * Cash prizes, federal purchasing, utility programs 4 Philips Wins First L Prize * August 3, 2011: Philips

259

Magical Mystery Devices or Not: How do LED Lamps and Luminaires Really Measure-Up?  

SciTech Connect

Solid-state lighting products for general lighting applications are now gaining a market presence, and more and more people are asking, “Which of these are ‘good’ products? Do they perform as claimed? How do they compare? Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) differ from other light sources enough to require new procedures for measuring their performance and comparing to other lighting options, so both manufacturers and buyers are facing a learning curve. The energy-efficiency community has traditionally compared light sources based on system efficacy: rated lamp lumens divided by power into the system. This doesn’t work for LEDs because there are no standard LED “lamp” packages and no lamp ratings, and because LED performance depends heavily on thermal, electrical, and optical design of complete lighting unit or ‘luminaire’. Luminaire efficacy is the preferred metric for LEDs because it measures the net light output from the luminaire divided by power into the system.

Paget, Maria L.; McCullough, Jeffrey J.; Steward, Heidi E.

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

260

Potential Environmental Impacts from the Metals in Incandescent, Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL), and Light-Emitting Diode (LED)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), and Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Bulbs Seong-Rin Lim, Daniel Kang, Oladele A. Ogunseitan,,§ and Julie M sources with compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) and light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs that use about 70% and 85 lighting systems are transitioning from incandes- cent to compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) and light

Short, Daniel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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261

A light diet for a giant appetite: An assessment of China's proposed fluorescent lamp standard  

SciTech Connect

Lighting has been one of the fastest growing electric end-uses in China over the last twenty years, with an average annual growth rate of 14%. Fluorescent lighting provides a significant portion of China's lighting need. In 1998, China produced 680 million fluorescent lamps, of which 420 million were linear fluorescent lamps of various diameters (T8 to T12). There are substantial variations both in energy efficiency and lighting performance among locally produced fluorescent lamps. Such variations present a perfect opportunity for policy intervention through efficiency standards to promote the adoption of more efficient fluorescent lamps in China. This paper analyzes China's proposed minimum efficiency standard for fluorescent lamps and presents an assessment of its likely impacts on China's lighting energy consumption and GHG emissions.

Lin, Jiang

2002-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

262

15 KJ FLASH LAMP, POWER CONDITIONING UNIT DESIGNED FOR SAFTY, RELIABILITY & MANUFACTURABILITY*  

SciTech Connect

A 15kJoule, Flash Lamp Power Conditioning Unit has been successfully designed, developed, and deployed in the National Ignition Facility (NIF) Preamplifier Modules (PAM). The primary design philosophy of this power conditioning unit (PCU) is safety, reliability, and manufacturability. Cost reduction over commercially equivalent systems was also achieved through an easily manufactured packaging design optimized to meet NIF requirements. While still maintaining low cost, the PCU design includes a robust control system, fault diagnostic system, and safety features. The pulsed power design includes 6 PFN modules, each including a dual series injection trigger transformer, that drive a total of 12 flash lamp loads. The lamps are individually triggered via a 20kV pulse produced by a 1kV, MCT switched capacitive discharge unit on the primary side of the trigger transformer. The remote control interface includes an embedded controller that captures flash lamp current wave forms and fault status for each shot. The embedded controller provides the flexibility of remotely adjusting both the main drive voltage from 1.6 to 2.5 kV and the trigger voltage from 0 to 20 kV.

James, G; Merritt, B; Dreifuerst, G; Strickland, S

2007-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

263

A Local AFOS MOS Program (LAMP) and its Application to Wind Prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Techniques Development Laboratory has a project called the local AFOS MOS Program (LAMP). Its purpose is the development of a system which can produce at any hour of the day in a Weather Service Forecast Office (WSFO) environment Model Output ...

Harry R. Glahn; David A. Unger

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

RF driven sulfur lamp having driving electrodes which face each other  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high intensity discharge lamp without mercury is disclosed radiating a selected spectrum of which can be almost entirely in the visible range from an envelope that contains a sulfur containing substance. The lamp utilizes a signal source that generates an excitation signal that is externally coupled to the exterior surface of the envelope to excite the enclosed sulfur containing substance. Various embodiments of the lamp use electrodes adjacent the envelope to couple the excitation signal thereto with the face of the electrodes shaped to complement the shape of the exterior surface of the envelope. Two shapes discussed are spherical and cylindrical. To minimize filamentary discharges each envelope may include an elongated stem affixed to the exterior thereof whereby a rotational subsystem spins the envelope. In yet another embodiment the envelope has a Dewar configuration with two electrodes, one positioned near the external curved side surface of the body, and a second to the inner surface of the hole through the envelope. Further, the envelope may contain a backfill of a selected inert gas to assist in the excitation of lamp with that backfill at a pressure of less than 1 atmosphere, wherein the backfill pressure is directly related to the increase or decrease of peak output and inversely related to the increase and decrease of the emitted spectrum from the envelope. The emitting fill can be less than 6 mg/cc, or at least 2 mg/cc of the envelope of a sulfur containing substance. 17 figs.

Gabor, G.; Orr, T.R.; Greene, C.M.; Crawford, D.G.; Berman, S.M.

1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

265

The Fuzzy Design of the Intelligent System for the Energy-Saving Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the paper, a intelligent system was proposed. It consists of variable converter and intelligent controller. Variable reactor which concludes variable reactance converter and power converter has wide applications in the soft starting, speed controlling ... Keywords: fuzzy control, variable reactor, intelligent control, power converter, Energy-Saving Lamps

Youxin Yuan; Kaihua Cui; Yiping Xiao; Tieliang Xu

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Issues, Models and Solutions for Triac Modulated Phase Dimming of LED Lamps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/a 30 lumens 0.1 Incandescent Bulb 15 W 225 lumens 15 Fluorescent Tube Lamp 10 W 500 lumens 50 White LED bulbs, and fluorescent lights, produce light that is radiated in all directions, LEDs produce a focused especially on the potential of white LED lights, which are an important and newly emerging lighting

Lehman, Brad

267

A Comparative Verification of Localized Aviation Model Output Statistics Program (LAMP) and Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) Model Forecasts of Ceiling Height and Visibility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an effort to support aviation forecasting, the National Weather Service’s Meteorological Development Laboratory (MDL) has recently redeveloped the Localized Aviation Model Output Statistics (MOS) Program (LAMP) system. LAMP is designed to run ...

David E. Rudack; Judy E. Ghirardelli

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Stress Testing of the Philips 60W Replacement Lamp L Prize Entry  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, operated by Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy, worked with Intertek to develop a procedure for stress testing medium screw-base light sources. This procedure, composed of alternating stress cycles and performance evaluation, was used to qualitatively compare and contrast the durability and reliability of the Philips 60W replacement lamp L Prize entry with market-proven compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) with comparable light output and functionality. The stress cycles applied simultaneous combinations of electrical, thermal, vibration, and humidity stresses of increasing magnitude. Performance evaluations measured relative illuminance, x chromaticity and y chromaticity shifts after each stress cycle. The Philips L Prize entry lamps appear to be appreciably more durable than the incumbent energy-efficient technology, as represented by the evaluated CFLs, and with respect to the applied stresses. Through the course of testing, all 15 CFL samples permanently ceased to function as a result of the applied stresses, while only 1 Philips L Prize entry lamp exhibited a failure, the nature of which was minor, non-destructive, and a consequence of a known (and resolved) subcontractor issue. Given that current CFL technology appears to be moderately mature and no Philips L Prize entry failures could be produced within the stress envelope causing 100 percent failure of the benchmark CFLs, it seems that, in this particular implementation, light-emitting diode (LED) technology would be much more durable in the field than current CFL technology. However, the Philips L Prize entry lamps used for testing were carefully designed and built for the competition, while the benchmark CFLs were mass produced for retail sale—a distinction that should be taken into consideration. Further reliability testing on final production samples would be necessary to judge the extent to which the results of this analysis apply to production versions of the Philips L Prize entry.

Poplawski, Michael E.; Ledbetter, Marc R.; Smith, Mark

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

269

Mercury retorting of calcine waste, contaminated soils and railroad ballast at the Idaho National Egineering Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) has been involved in nuclear reactor research and development for over 40 years. One of the earliest major projects involved the development of a nuclear powered aircraft engine, a long-term venture which used mercury as a shielding medium. Over the course of several years, a significant amount of mercury was spilled along the railroad tracks where the test engines were transported and stored. In addition, experiments with volume reduction of waste through a calcine process employing mercury as a catalyst resulted in mercury contaminated calcine waste. Both the calcine and Test Area North wastes have been identified in Department of Energy Action Memorandums to be retorted, thereby separating the mercury from the various contaminated media. Lockheed Idaho Technologies Company awarded the Mercury Retort contract to ETAS Corporation and assigned Parsons Engineering Science, Inc. to manage the treatment field activities. The mercury retort process entails a mobile unit which consists of four trailer-mounted subsystems requiring electricity, propane, and a water supply. This mobile system demonstrates an effective strategy for retorting waste and generating minimal secondary waste.

Cotten, G.B.; Rothermel, J.S. [Parsons Engineering Science, Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Sherwood, J. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Heath, S.A.; Lo, T.Y.R. [ETAS Corporation (United States)

1996-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

270

Determination of mercury distribution inside spent compact fluorescent lamps by atomic absorption spectrometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer New treatments for CFL are required considering the aim of Directive 202/96/CE. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer It is shown that most of the mercury introduced into a CFL is in the phosphor powder. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Experimental conditions for microwave-assisted sample digestion followed by AAS measurements are described. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer By washing the glass it is possible to reduce the concentration below legal limits. - Abstract: In this study, spent compact fluorescent lamps were characterized to determine the distribution of mercury. The procedure used in this research allowed mercury to be extracted in the vapor phase, from the phosphor powder, and the glass matrix. Mercury concentration in the three phases was determined by the method known as cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometry. Median values obtained in the study showed that a compact fluorescent lamp contained 24.52 {+-} 0.4 ppb of mercury in the vapor phase, 204.16 {+-} 8.9 ppb of mercury in the phosphor powder, and 18.74 {+-} 0.5 ppb of mercury in the glass matrix. There are differences in mercury concentration between the lamps since the year of manufacture or the hours of operation affect both mercury content and its distribution. The 85.76% of the mercury introduced into a compact fluorescent lamp becomes a component of the phosphor powder, while more than 13.66% is diffused through the glass matrix. By washing and eliminating all phosphor powder attached to the glass surface it is possible to classified the glass as a non-hazardous waste.

Rey-Raap, Natalia [Departamento de Ingenieria Mecanica y Construccion, Universitat Jaume I de Castellon, Av. de Vicent Sos Baynat s/n, 12071 Castellon de la Plana, Espana (Spain); Gallardo, Antonio, E-mail: gallardo@emc.uji.es [Departamento de Ingenieria Mecanica y Construccion, Universitat Jaume I de Castellon, Av. de Vicent Sos Baynat s/n, 12071 Castellon de la Plana, Espana (Spain)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

Evaluating the Impact of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulated using linear fluorescent lamps with correlated color temperatures of 5000K. Yet, the variability among linear fluorescent lamp systems, which include the lamp, ballast and reflector, is great Linear Fluorescent Lamps Fluorescent lamps are produced in many different forms. Linear fluorescent lamps

Zanibbi, Richard

272

Experimental and theoretical investigations on the warm-up of a high-pressure mercury discharge lamp  

SciTech Connect

Modern high-pressure discharge lamps are forced to provide instant light and hot relight capabilities - if possible at lower power units. A detailed understanding of the warm-up of high-pressure discharge lamps is therefore required. Complex fluid model codes were developed for the past years including more and more processes like two-dimensional treatment of convection trying to provide a more comprehensive and consistent description of high-pressure discharge lamps. However, there is a lack of experimental data to examine the performance of these models. This work provides a very complete set of geometrical, electrical, spectroscopic, and thermographic data according to the warm-up of a high-pressure mercury discharge lamp that is compared to the results of a state of the art fluid code. Quantitative agreement is achieved for single parameters like wall temperatures. But the paper also reveals the need for further investigations and improvements of the code.

Zalach, J.; Franke, St.; Schoepp, H. [Leibniz Institute for Plasma Science and Technology, Felix-Hausdorff-Str. 2, D-17489 Greifswald (Germany); Araoud, Z.; Charrada, K. [Unite d'Etude des Milieux Ionises et Reactifs, IPEIM, rte de Kairouan, 5019 Monastir (Tunisia); Zissis, G. [Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie, 118 rte Narbonne, Bat3R2, 31062 Toulouse (France)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

273

A New Rb Lamp Exciter Circuit for Rb atomic clocks and Studies on Transition from Ring to Red mode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we describe the development of novel RF exciter circuit for electrode less Rb lamp. The lamp exciter circuit is a RF oscillator with a a new configuration operating at 60 to 65 MHz frequency with 3 to 4 watt power. The Rb lamp is used in exciting the ground state hyperfine transitions in Rb atom in a glass cell placed inside a tuned microwave cavity, As the frequency of these hyperfine transitions is very stable it is used in the development of Rb atomic clock by phase locking the oven controlled crystal oscillator (OCXO) to this atomic transition frequency. The details of the Rb lamp exciter are presented in the paper.The Lamp is ideally operated in ring mode as in this mode the linewidth is narrow and there is no self reversal. However, high temperature and RF excitation power may drive the Rb lamp to red mode which gives rise to line broadening and self reversal. It is the experience that mode change from ring to red deteriorates the atomic signal strength and S/N. In this paper the reasons of mode change are also discussed.

Savita Singh; Bikash Ghosal; G M Saxena

2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

274

The Jamming point street-lamp in the world of granular media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Jamming of soft spheres at zero temperature, the J-point, has been extensively studied both numerically and theoretically and can now be considered as a safe location in the space of models, where a street lamp has been lit up. However, a recent work by Ikeda et al, 2013 reveals that, in the Temperature/Packing fraction parameter space, experiments on colloids are actually rather far away from the scaling regime illuminated by this lamp. Is it that the J-point has little to say about real system? What about granular media? Such a-thermal, frictional, systems are a-priori even further away from the idealized case of thermal soft spheres. In the past ten years, we have systematically investigated horizontally shaken grains in the vicinity of the Jamming transition. We discuss the above issue in the light of very recent experimental results. First, we demonstrate that the contact network exhibits a remarkable dynamics, with strong heterogeneities, which are maximum at a packing fraction phi star, distinct and smaller than the packing fraction phi dagger, where the average number of contact per particle starts to increase. The two cross-overs converge at point J in the zero mechanical excitation limit. Second, a careful analysis of the dynamics on time scales ranging from a minute fraction of the vibration cycle to several thousands of cycles allows us to map the behaviors of this shaken granular system onto those observed for thermal soft spheres and demonstrate that some light of the J-point street-lamp indeed reaches the granular universe.

Corentin Coulais; Robert P. Behringer; Olivier Dauchot

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

275

A high-efficiency indirect lighting system utilizing the solar 1000 sulfur lamp  

SciTech Connect

High-lumen light sources represent unique challenges and opportunities for the design of practical and efficient interior lighting systems. High-output sources require a means of large-scale distribution and avoidance of high-luminance glare while providing efficient delivery. An indirect lighting system has been developed for use with a 1,000 Watt sulfur lamp that efficiently utilizes the high-output source to provide quality interior lighting. This paper briefly describes the design and initial testing of this new system.

Siminovitch, M.; Gould, C.; Page, E.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Super-radiance in the sodium resonance lines from sodium iodide arc lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Super-radiance observed within the centers of the sodium resonance D lines emitted by arc lamps containing sodium iodide as additive in a high-pressure mercury plasma environment was studied by high-resolution emission spectroscopy. The spectral radiance of these self-reversed lines including super-radiance was simulated by considering a local enhancement of the source function due to the presence of an additional source of radiation near the arc wall. Causes of this hitherto unrecognized source of radiation are given.

Karabourniotis, D. [Department of Physics, Institute of Plasma Physics, University of Crete, 71003 Heraklion (Greece); Drakakis, E. [Department of Electrical Engineering, Technological Educational Institute, Heraklion (Greece)

2010-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

277

Northeastern Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northeastern Rural E M C Northeastern Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name Northeastern Rural E M C Place Indiana Utility Id 20603 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 1000W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 100W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 150W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 175W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 200W Lighting Outdoor Lighting Energy: Ballasted Lamps 250W Lighting

278

Quality assurance assessment of new efficient lighting systems for naval ships. Final report. Revision  

SciTech Connect

Ballasts and lamps, which have been selected to replace existing lamp/ballast systems based on improved performance, were tested to determine if they meet standard Naval MIL specifications. Fifty ballasts manufactured by Advance Transformer Corporation and Universal Manufacturing Corporation and 100 lamps manufactured by GTE were tested to determine their quality assurance and durability. These components met all of the MIL specifications that lamp/ballast systems in use must meet. These new systems have an improved system efficacy, 62 lumens per watt, and lower third harmonics, which will reduce the need for generating capacity for lighting on ships. An addendum to the original study describes the assessment of the performance of the advanced ballast system with a new F-17 fluorescent lamp. The results indicate the system performs reliably and shows increased efficacy. This new lamp/ballast system reduces the harmonic content to within Navy limits, and improves the power factor, resulting in a 50% reduction in line current.

Verderber, R.R.; Morse, O.; Dumm, C.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Method of controlling the mercury vapor pressure in a photo-chemical lamp or vapor filter used for Hg.sup.196 enrichment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a method of eliminating the cold spot zones presently used on Hg.sup.196 isotope separation lamps and filters by the use of a mercury amalgams, preferably mercury - indium amalgams. The use of an amalgam affords optimization of the mercury density in the lamp and filter of a mercury enrichment reactor, particularly multilamp enrichment reactors. Moreover, the use of an amalgam in such lamps and/or filters affords the ability to control the spectral line width of radiation emitted from lamps, a requirement for mercury enrichment.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Method of controlling the mercury vapor pressure in a photo-chemical lamp or vapor filter used for Hg[sup 196] enrichment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a method of eliminating the cold spot zones presently used on Hg[sup 196] isotope separation lamps and filters by the use of a mercury amalgams, preferably mercury - indium amalgams. The use of an amalgam affords optimization of the mercury density in the lamp and filter of a mercury enrichment reactor, particularly multilamp enrichment reactors. Moreover, the use of an amalgam in such lamps and/or filters affords the ability to control the spectral line width of radiation emitted from lamps, a requirement for mercury enrichment.

Grossman, M.W.

1993-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Invert Effective Thermal Conductivity Calculation  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this calculation is to evaluate the temperature-dependent effective thermal conductivities of a repository-emplaced invert steel set and surrounding ballast material. The scope of this calculation analyzes a ballast-material thermal conductivity range of 0.10 to 0.70 W/m {center_dot} K, a transverse beam spacing range of 0.75 to 1.50 meters, and beam compositions of A 516 carbon steel and plain carbon steel. Results from this calculation are intended to support calculations that identify waste package and repository thermal characteristics for Site Recommendation (SR). This calculation was developed by Waste Package Department (WPD) under Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) procedure AP-3.12Q, Revision 1, ICN 0, Calculations.

M.J. Anderson; H.M. Wade; T.L. Mitchell

2000-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

282

Energy Savings and NOx Emissions Reduction Potential from the 2012 Federal Legislation to Phase Out Incandescent Lamps in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report provides detailed information about the potential savings from the 2012 Federal Legislation to phase out incandescent lamps and the NOx emissions reduction from the replacement of incandescent bulbs with Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFL). In Texas, this analysis includes the savings estimates from both the annual and Ozone Season Day (OSD) NOx reductions. The NOx emissions reduction in this analysis are calculated using estimated emissions factors for 2007 from the US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) eGRID database, which had been specially prepared for this purpose.

Liu, Zi; Baltazar, Juan Carlos; Haberl, Jeff; Soman, Rohit

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Sample Contract Language for Construction Using Energy-Efficient...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

available. It is not all inclusive and is evolving. - Air Conditioners - Ballasts - Boilers - Chillers - Doors - Electric Motors - Furnaces - Heat Pumps - Lamps - Lighting...

284

EA-1881: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

81: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards 81: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts EA-1881: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to amend energy conservation standards for various consumer products and certain commercial and industrial equipment, including fluorescent lamp ballasts. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download October 20, 2011 EA-1881: Finding of No Significant Impact Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts (October 2011) October 5, 2011 EA-1881: Final Environmental Assessment Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent

285

Surge Protection Anthology All Papers – Part 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Failures of lamp ballasts in an industrial plant. ... 1) Residential power circuits are subjected to surge ... The best single statistical estimate is that 2.4 ...

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

286

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

287

Data:54991866-36b9-43eb-8f61-1ee2446254f1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

288

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and provide routine maintenance to the lighting unit including the fixture, lamp, ballast, photo-electric control, mounting brackets and all necessary wiring. Company shall...

289

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

111111111111111111111 OpenEIUtilityRateDescription Applicable to outdoor lighting by ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

290

Data:548ab109-bb95-4b9c-82f8-984a1dd171fa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

291

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEIUtilityRateDescription Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

292

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Applicable only to outdoor lighting by bal ... Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

293

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to dawn lighting servi ... Applicable for dusk to dawn lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures on a suitable wood pole. The service includes all electrical...

294

Data:1168228a-4e41-4952-8201-ba7ab2f08aff | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

295

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEIUtilityRateBasicInformationComments Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either high pressure sodium (HPS) or metal halide (MH),...

296

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

only to outdoor lighting by mea ... Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street...

297

Data:Ad01c9a3-4c67-42d5-82c2-64f1a4bbe60c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HPS 100w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

298

Data:0e129a41-6138-400e-be60-7742cbe9ab2b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

299

Data:72b22d28-179d-417f-83f5-80f86e12a95a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable for dusk to dawn lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures on a suitable wood pole. The service includes all electrical...

300

Data:05596484-9033-48bc-bb94-d54ded624907 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HPS 400w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Data:5eae05f3-0992-4df8-9a69-3a7a990ad635 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable for dusk to dawn lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures on a suitable wood pole. The service includes all electrical...

302

Data:2aaaf198-bc2b-4f93-b24e-08832c8dabeb | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

303

Data:A7cdaff8-e308-4a6b-90ac-720914114d3e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MH 400w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

304

Data:445d426e-8503-4331-82d7-db5b8d07dd8f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MV without Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

305

Data:0a6c2e98-8dea-4cae-866f-00ab1c7eebca | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

306

Data:81081762-3842-4bb7-9158-759d2c2b4c6f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MH 175w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

307

Data:65c9cfff-dc25-4b05-9ee9-d5d70bb2e905 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HPS without Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

308

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

APPLICABILITY Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of photoelectric controlled ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications and...

309

Data:2133e8ac-5d0e-4182-8646-085b999228f5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MH 250w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

310

Data:847d6419-dcc8-4499-bc82-52909c8067ca | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HPS without Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

311

Data:3df24d6a-96c8-4021-a306-676834ce4ff6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable for dusk to dawn lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures on a suitable wood pole. The service includes all electrical...

312

Data:35e70786-134f-4c6a-8b9a-44f514d7682f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LS (250 W HPS-Dir) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to outdoor lighting by ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

313

Data:4383f60e-b140-4087-b642-a716217c9927 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

W MV with Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

314

Data:A36f0169-8028-4fc9-954c-071b63d0811c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

W HPS with Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

315

Data:4b7a924c-0946-49cc-b6f6-c59af19db4d4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High Pressure Sodium Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures attached to poles conforming to the City's...

316

Data:61e088da-48b3-4281-bdce-f853b04f1158 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

317

Data:8e0f826a-f18e-4268-9546-bbfba87ef44e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

318

Data:889ea768-5e4c-4971-9181-82a9bbad721a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

319

Data:468fda37-fb88-408b-a804-bcdacd6f23aa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

W HPS with Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

320

Data:04ec1c93-4365-44d1-b890-9b179b25a1d6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable for dusk to dawn lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures on a suitable wood pole. The service includes all electrical...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Data:3e340fd3-e49a-44bd-8c4a-16fa47debe51 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HPS without Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

322

Data:16306243-470d-45c7-9a2d-9644a4f91c72 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HPS 1000w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

323

Data:Dec830b0-ab8d-463e-b5de-2f0f2d096fbc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LS (100 W HPS) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to outdoor lighting by ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

324

Data:626f5c89-8472-46ef-9820-ed97fcd4b993 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

325

Data:130e1e71-8f88-46ee-a6b3-08b8a8a3baef | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

326

Quality assurance assessment of new efficient lighting systems for Naval ships. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Ballasts and lamps, which have been selected to replace existing lamp/ballast systems based on improved performance, were tested to determine if they meet standard Naval MIL specifications. Fifty ballasts manufactured by Advance Transformer Corporation and Universal Manufacturing Corp., and 100 lamps manufactured by GTE were tested to determine their quality assurance and durability. These components met all of the MIL specifications that lamp/ballast systems in use must meet. In addition, these new systems have an improved system efficacy, 62 lumens per watt, and lower third harmonics, which will reduce the need for generating capacity for lighting on ships.

Verderber, R.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Data:9f63edce-619a-4ae5-acbc-06d752f31d2d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HPS without Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

328

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of the varying classes of customers as available. This includes the luminaire, lamp, ballast, controller, wiring, energy, pole and all hardware. Each unit will be a mercury vapor...

329

Data:A97d4360-0ad8-4d10-ad37-23a878a1e3f7 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MV without Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

330

Data:4eaf1cf2-f582-4075-b384-7cc106820b25 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

331

Data:5e86a75d-90dd-42c6-89a3-7b0bb24b1a10 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

332

Data:D02e240e-0b03-4a55-a0cb-2fb21d990680 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

W HPS with Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

333

Data:3ec3603d-e52f-446b-b5cf-43b6fbc63a62 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

334

Data:D6bbc514-9a53-4164-8390-3bb6bb13e7bf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LS (250 W HPS-CH) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to outdoor lighting by ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

335

Data:D7f0a1b2-0ae3-4077-8b0d-bb3e773bfcdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LS (175 W MHMV) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to outdoor lighting by ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

336

Data:1c28e1b7-7ac6-4b2e-a575-2a7647398603 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable for dusk to dawn lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures on a suitable wood pole. The service includes all electrical...

337

Data:4df36a5c-1301-4c53-9017-92328028cfe4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MV without Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

338

Data:221de333-3873-4734-b181-c11216c90a85 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

339

Data:Bf2519c7-759c-4e83-80ef-406e0a5f00d9 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MHHPS 400 W) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

340

Data:87b747db-a60a-468b-9521-eb9546bc74ad | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HPS 150w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Data:D887d73e-2188-4935-b127-cdc12e538882 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MH 1000w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications....

342

Data:820e509f-d2b1-4345-bf6d-240d05d98b17 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HPSMV with Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide....

343

Data:952570ab-ec99-45bf-8577-d5592104c307 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

344

Data:Ddd53fc0-45e3-44e7-9e5a-d7e0371afc29 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable for dusk to dawn lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures on a suitable wood pole. The service includes all electrical...

345

Metrics and Benchmarks for Energy Efficiency in Laboratories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

commercial buildings. These include daylight factors, illu- minance levels, lamp and ballast efficacy, lighting power density, etc. There are two key metrics for which the...

346

Data:348ad73a-6234-4eef-bcf9-e533ff0d9c66 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

or a local government or any of their agencies. Applicable only to outdoor lighting ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures, either mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS)...

347

Data:917db384-2756-452f-a6e4-59e357edca2f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

db384-2756-452f-a6e4-59e357edca2f db384-2756-452f-a6e4-59e357edca2f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 1000W MH with Directional Flood Lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

348

Data:Caa7989e-c46d-47df-bbe3-f8d281e6002f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

989e-c46d-47df-bbe3-f8d281e6002f 989e-c46d-47df-bbe3-f8d281e6002f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 400W MH with Directional Flood Lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

349

Data:4f40c9b0-a55d-4b99-a70f-0d8f26162625 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b0-a55d-4b99-a70f-0d8f26162625 b0-a55d-4b99-a70f-0d8f26162625 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 400W HPS with Directional Flood Lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

350

Data:E8c109ea-8737-4450-b26c-bac98d3526b4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c109ea-8737-4450-b26c-bac98d3526b4 c109ea-8737-4450-b26c-bac98d3526b4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 400W MH with Directional Flood Lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

351

Data:531a054f-37eb-4925-83e8-c40a3bb3ab32 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

54f-37eb-4925-83e8-c40a3bb3ab32 54f-37eb-4925-83e8-c40a3bb3ab32 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 250W MH with Directional Flood Lamp Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

352

NIST energy related inventions: Electronic starter device for fluorescent lamps. Interim report, August--October, 1997  

SciTech Connect

From the Scope of Work document which accompanied the original proposal, three silicon devices were anticipated for development, simulation, and quality assurance fabrication. The status of these are in the same format as the Scope of Work...Attachment-A-: Task 1--design and simulation; Task 2--prototype tooling; Task 3--test engineering; Task 4--product tooling; Task 5--package tooling/manufacturing design and assembly. It is felt the program will meet it`s stated goals of producing a low cost, high performance fluorescent lamp starter which will lower the acquisition and operating cost of fluorescent technology...thus saving significant amounts of energy. The likelihood of success is even greater, now that the TN22 component has been qualified. The challenges of creating a custom ASIC, while still significant, are within the skill and expertise level or the assigned engineers.

Johnson, S.A.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Mercury reduction studies to facilitate the thermal decontamination of phosphor powder residues from spent fluorescent lamps  

SciTech Connect

This work investigates the thermal release of mercury from phosphor powder of spent fluorescent lamps. The treatment conditions and the ability of various reducing agents (primarily sodium borohydride) to lower the overall heating temperature required to improve the release of Hg have been evaluated. Hg species in samples were monitored in a thermal desorption atomic absorption spectrometer system, and total mercury was analyzed in a cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometer. Sodium borohydride was the best reducing agent among the ones studied. However, citric acid presented a high capacity to weaken mercury bonds with the matrix. When the sample was crushed with sodium borohydride for 40 min in a mass ratio of 10:1 (sample:reducing agent) and submitted to thermal treatment at 300 deg. C for 2 h, the concentration of mercury in a phosphor powder sample with 103 mg kg{sup -1} of mercury reached 6.6 mg kg{sup -1}.

Alves Durao, Walter [Chemistry Department, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Cidade Universitaria 30.123-970 Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Andreva de Castro, Camila [Chemistry Engineering Department, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) (Brazil); Carvalhinho Windmoeller, Claudia [Chemistry Department, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Cidade Universitaria 30.123-970 Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)], E-mail: claucw@netuno.lcc.ufmg.br

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

Archaeological data visualization in VR: analysis of lamp finds at the great temple of petra, a case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the results of an evaluation of the ARCHAVE system, an immersive virtual reality environment for archaeological research. ARCHAVE is implemented in a Cave. The evaluation studied researchers analyzing lamp and coin finds throughout the excavation ... Keywords: archaeological data analysis, immersive virtual reality interfaces, scientific visualization

Daniel Acevedo; Eileen Vote; David H. Laidlaw; Martha S. Joukowsky

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Decontamination Strategy for Large Area and/or Equipment Contaminated with Chemical and Biological Agents using a High Energy Arc Lamp (HEAL)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A strategy for the decontamination of large areas and or equipment contaminated with Biological Warfare Agents (BWAs) and Chemical Warfare Agents (CWAs) was demonstrated using a High Energy Arc Lamp (HEAL) photolysis system. This strategy offers an alternative that is potentially quicker, less hazardous, generates far less waste, and is easier to deploy than those currently fielded by the Department of Defense (DoD). For example, for large frame aircraft the United States Air Force still relies on the combination of weathering (stand alone in environment), air washing (fly aircraft) and finally washing the aircraft with Hot Soapy Water (HSW) in an attempt to remove any remaining contamination. This method is laborious, time consuming (upwards of 12+ hours not including decontamination site preparation), and requires large amounts of water (e.g., 1,600+ gallons for a single large frame aircraft), and generates large amounts of hazardous waste requiring disposal. The efficacy of the HEAL system was demonstrated using diisopropyl methyl phosphonate (DIMP) a G series CWA simulant, and Bacillus globigii (BG) a simulant of Bacillus anthracis. Experiments were designed to simulate the energy flux of a field deployable lamp system that could stand-off 17 meters from a 12m2 target area and uniformly expose a surface at 1360 W/m2. The HEAL system in the absence of a catalyst reduced the amount of B. globigii by five orders of magnitude at a starting concentration of 1.63 x 107 spores. In the case of CWA simulants, the HEAL system in the presence of the catalyst TiO2 effectively degraded DIMP sprayed onto a 100mm diameter Petri dish in 5 minutes.

Schoske, Richard [ORNL; Kennedy, Patrick [ORNL; Duty, Chad E [ORNL; Smith, Rob R [ORNL; Huxford, Theodore J [ORNL; Bonavita, Angelo M [ORNL; Engleman, Greg [ORNL; Vass, Arpad Alexander [ORNL; Griest, Wayne H [ORNL; Ilgner, Ralph H [ORNL; Brown, Gilbert M [ORNL

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L mc ,S m L ve ** ,S m Dishwashers L mc ,L ve ,S m L mc ,LClothes washers Clothes washers and dryers DishwashersDishwashers Fluorescent lamp ballasts Fluorescent lamp

Wiel, Stephen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Baltimore Gas & Electric Company (Electric) - Commercial Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lamps: 25 - 30 Lighting Occupancy Sensors: 25-75unit T8T5 Fluorescent Lamp-Ballast: 15-65fixture Fluorescent High-Bay Fixtures: 40 - 85fixture Hard-Wired CFL:...

358

Section 5.4.3 Compact Fluorescent Lighting: Greening Federal...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2.7 m), wall-wash- ers, and decorative pendants. Retrofit lamps that contain the lamp, ballast, and screw base all in one unit are widely available. As a rule, however, these units...

359

Survey and forecast of marketplace supply and demand for energy- efficient lighting products  

SciTech Connect

The rapid growth in demand for energy-efficient lighting products has led to supply shortages for certain products. To understand the near-term (1- to 5-year) market for energy-efficient lighting products, a selected set of utilities and lighting product manufacturers were surveyed in early 1991. Two major U. S. government programs, EPA's Green Lights and DOE's Federal Relighting Initiative, were also examined to assess their effect on product demand. Lighting product manufacturers predicted significant growth through 1995. Lamp manufacturers indicated that compact fluorescent lamp shipments tripled between 1988 and 1991, and predicted that shipments would again triple, rising from 25 million units in 1991 to 72 million units in 1995. Ballast manufacturers predicted that demand for power-factorcorrected ballasts (both magnetic and electronic) would grow from 59.4 million units in 1991 to 71.1 million units in 1995. Electronic ballasts were predicted to grow from 11% of ballast demand in 1991 to 40% in 1995. Manufacturers projected that electronic ballast supply shortages would continue until late 1992. Lamp and ballast producers indicated that they had difficulty in determining what additional supply requirements might result due to demand created by utility programs. Using forecasts from 27 surveyed utilities and assumptions regarding the growth of U. S. utility lighting DSM programs, low, median, and high forecasts were developed for utility expenditures for lighting incentives through 1994. The projected median figure for 1992 was $316 million, while for 1994, the projected median figure was $547 million. The allocation of incentive dollars to various products and the number of units needed to meet utility-stimulated demand were also projected. To provide a better connection between future supply and demand, a common database is needed that captures detailed DSM program information including incentive dollars and unit-volume mix by product type.

Gough, A. (Lighting Research Inst., New York, NY (United States)); Blevins, R. (Plexus Research, Inc., Donegal, PA (United States))

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Method and apparatus for mounting a dichroic mirror in a microwave powered lamp assembly using deformable tabs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave powered electrodeless lamp includes an improved screen unit having mesh and solid sections with an internal reflector secured at the juncture of the two sections to reflect light into a light-transmitting chamber defined in the lamp microwave cavity by the reflector and the mesh section. A discharge envelope of a bulb is disposed in the light-transmitting chamber. Light emitted from the envelope is prevented by the reflector from entering the cavity portion bounded by the solid section of the screen. The reflector is mounted in the cavity by tabs formed in the screen unit and bendable into the cavity to define support planes abutting respective surfaces of the reflector. The mesh section and tabs are preferably formed by etching a thin metal sheet. 7 figs.

Ury, M.; Sowers, F.; Harper, C.; Love, W.

1998-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Method and apparatus for mounting a dichroic mirror in a microwave powered lamp assembly using deformable tabs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave powered electrodeless lamp includes an improved screen unit having mesh and solid sections with an internal reflector secured at the juncture of the two sections to reflect light into a light-transmitting chamber defined in the lamp microwave cavity by the reflector and the mesh section. A discharge envelope of a bulb is disposed in the light-transmitting chamber. Light emitted from the envelope is prevented by the reflector from entering the cavity portion bounded by the solid section of the screen. The reflector is mounted in the cavity by tabs formed in the screen unit and bendable into the cavity to define support planes abutting respective surfaces of the reflector. The mesh section and tabs are preferably formed by etching a thin metal sheet.

Ury, Michael (Bethesda, MD); Sowers, Frank (Frederick, MD); Harper, Curt (Wheaton, MD); Love, Wayne (Olney, MD)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Mechanical design of PlayLamp : a minimally intrusive device for recording the behavior of children at-risk of developmental disorders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis paper documents the design process, decisions, and outcomes of the design of the physical form factor of PlayLamp, a device for video and audio recording the development of children at-risk of having developmental ...

Steger, Stephen Andrew

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Room air conditioners, water heaters, direct heating equipment, mobile home furnaces, kitchen ranges and ovens, pool heaters, fluorescent lamp ballasts and television sets. Volume 3, Water heaters, pool heaters, direct heating equipment, and mobile home furnaces  

SciTech Connect

This is Volume 3 in a series of documents on energy efficiency of consumer products. This volume discusses energy efficiency of water heaters. Water heaters are defined by NAECA as products that utilize oil, gas, or electricity to heat potable water for use outside the heater upon demand. These are major appliances, which use a large portion (18% on average) of total energy consumed per household (1). They differ from most other appliances in that they are usually installed in obscure locations as part of the plumbing and are ignored until they fail. Residential water heaters are capable of heating water up to 180{degrees}F, although the setpoints are usually set lower.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Observed Minimum Illuminance Threshold for Night Market Vendors in Kenya who use LED Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Creation of light for work, socializing, and general illumination is a fundamental application of technology around the world. For those who lack access to electricity, an emerging and diverse range of LED based lighting products hold promise for replacing and/or augmenting their current fuel-based lighting sources that are costly and dirty. Along with analysis of environmental factors, economic models for total cost-ofownership of LED lighting products are an important tool for studying the impacts of these products as they emerge in markets of developing countries. One important metric in those models is the minimum illuminance demanded by end-users for a given task before recharging the lamp or replacing batteries. It impacts the lighting service cost per unit time if charging is done with purchased electricity, batteries, or charging services. The concept is illustrated in figure 1: LED lighting products are generally brightest immediately after the battery is charged or replaced and the illuminance degrades as the battery is discharged. When a minimum threshold level of illuminance is reached, the operational time for the battery charge cycle is over. The cost to recharge depends on the method utilized; these include charging at a shop at a fixed price per charge, charging on personal grid connections, using solar chargers, and purchasing dry cell batteries. This Research Note reports on the observed"charge-triggering" illuminance level threshold for night market vendors who use LED lighting products to provide general and task oriented illumination. All the study participants charged with AC power, either at a fixed-price charge shop or with electricity at their home.

Johnstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan; Radecsky, Kristen

2009-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

365

GLASS AND GLASS-DERIVATIVE SEALS FOR USE IN ENERGY-EFFICIENT FUEL CELLS AND LAMPS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As the project approaches the end of the first year, the materials screening components of the work are ahead of schedule, while all other tasks are on schedule. For solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), a series of 16 sealing glasses have been prepared and characterized. Traditional melting was used to prepare all of the glasses, and the sol-gel approach has been used to prepare some of the glasses as well as other compositions that might be viable because of the low processing temperatures afforded by the sol-gel method. The glass characterization included measurements of the viscosity and thermal expansion of the glasses, as well as the thermal expansion of the partly crystalline glass ceramics. In addition, the wetting and sintering behavior of all glasses has been measured, as well as the crystallization behavior. The time and temperature at which crystalline phases form from the glasses has been determined for all of the glasses. Each glass ceramic contains at least two crystalline phases, and most of the crystalline phases have been positively identified. Room temperature leak testing has been completed for all sealants, and experiments are in progress to determine the DC electrochemical degradation and degradation in wet hydrogen. The second component of the work, focused on seals for higher-temperature discharge lighting, has focused on determining the phase relations in the yttria--alumina--silica system at various silica levels. Again, traditional melting and sol-gel synthesis have been employed, and the sol-gel method was successful for preparing new phases that were discovered during the work. High temperature diffraction and annealing studies have clarified the phase relations for the samples studies, although additional work remains. Four new phases have been identified and synthesized in pure form, from which full structure solutions were obtained as well as the anisotropic thermal expansion for each phase. Functional testing of lamps are on on-going and will be analyzed during year 2 of the contract.

Scott Misture; Arun Varshneya; Matthew Hall; Sylvia DeCarr; Steve Bancheri

2004-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

366

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

incorporating LEDs into tomorrows task lights, to reducing light entrapment within the LED, to fundamental research into how Organic Lighting Emitting Diodes operate. LED and...

367

Glass and glass-derivative seals for use in energy-efficient fuel cells and lamps  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), a series of 18 sealing glasses have been prepared and characterized. From the whole design space, several glasses were ''downselected'' and studied in detail to describe their behaviors in simulated fuel cell environments. One of the glasses was found to outperform all others, including the well-known G18 sealant developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The new glass composition showed lower bulk electrical conductivity, excellent sealing and wetting behavior when sealing under applied load, and qualitatively superior performance when exposed to wet hydrogen for 800 hours. Traditional melting was used to prepare all of the glasses that were studied in detail. The sol-gel approach was used to synthesize several compositions, but it was found that the glasses crystallized very rapidly during heating, precluding sealing. The glass characterization included measurements of the viscosity and thermal expansion of the glasses, as well as the thermal expansion of the partly crystalline glass ceramics. In addition, the wetting and sintering behavior of all glasses has been measured, as well as the crystallization behavior. The time and temperature at which crystalline phases form from the glasses has been determined for all of the glasses. Each glass ceramic contains at least two crystalline phases, and most of the crystalline phases have been positively identified. The body of fundamental data provides a platform for future developments for high temperature sealants, and the newly-developed glass compositions appear promising for large-scale testing. The second component of the work, focused on seals for higher-temperature discharge lighting, has focused on determining the phase relations in the yttria-alumina-silica system at various silica levels. Functional testing of one of the candidate sealants demonstrated that it performs well in current HID lighting applications. Further testing is required to evaluate its performance in next-generation lamps that operate at higher temperatures, but the baseline phase equilibria and crystallization behavior has been established for additional development. Again, traditional melting and sol-gel synthesis have been employed, and the sol-gel method was successful for preparing new phases that were discovered during the work. Four new phases have been identified and synthesized in pure form, from which full structure solutions were obtained as well as the anisotropic thermal expansion for each phase.

Scott Misture; Arun Varshineya; Matthew Hall; Sylvia DeCarr; Steve Bancheri

2005-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

368

Polychlorinated biphenyls in commercial buildings  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) is planning to implement a conservation acquisition program in new and existing commercial buildings. In anticipation of that program, Bonneville is examining the potential environmental effects of conservation measures in commercial buildings. An important conservation measure is the installation of new energy-efficient lighting fixtures. Some of the old lighting fixtures that these new lights will be replacing were manufactured before 1978, when polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were still used in the capacitors of the lighting ballasts. This report focuses on a summary of information about PCBs in fluorescent light fixtures manufactured before 1978. A key issue associated with these PCBs is the potential effect of lamp change-outs on ballast failure. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) speculates that installing energy-efficient lamps in old, PCB-laden ballasts may contribute to ballast failure and PCB leaks, which is addressed in Section 3 of this report. Section 2 discusses applicable standards and regulations; Section 4 describes PCB concentrations in commercial buildings. Sections 5 and 6 discuss cleanup practices and disposal options. 4 tabs.

Baechler, M.C.; Foley, L.O.; Jarnagin, R.E.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Data:B36554fe-57f4-444f-953e-5d09160ec277 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

554fe-57f4-444f-953e-5d09160ec277 554fe-57f4-444f-953e-5d09160ec277 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 175W MV Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments

370

Data:F116d283-7936-470d-9c42-478a2c59ce1e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6d283-7936-470d-9c42-478a2c59ce1e 6d283-7936-470d-9c42-478a2c59ce1e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 400W HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments

371

Data:E87c1d68-e3f8-4ba9-8f94-3e5ec50105e4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7c1d68-e3f8-4ba9-8f94-3e5ec50105e4 7c1d68-e3f8-4ba9-8f94-3e5ec50105e4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 400W MH Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments

372

Data:E5fba98a-2fd6-4744-9482-76cfb2c2f53b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fba98a-2fd6-4744-9482-76cfb2c2f53b fba98a-2fd6-4744-9482-76cfb2c2f53b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 250W HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments

373

Data:Dfbb2c41-7784-4206-8f7b-787a493d01dc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dfbb2c41-7784-4206-8f7b-787a493d01dc Dfbb2c41-7784-4206-8f7b-787a493d01dc No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 100W HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments

374

Data:C7739e7e-b748-4e8d-b00a-0c619ad25436 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9e7e-b748-4e8d-b00a-0c619ad25436 9e7e-b748-4e8d-b00a-0c619ad25436 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 150W HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments

375

Data:653f8e21-b66d-4dee-985b-d4e1da31742d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f8e21-b66d-4dee-985b-d4e1da31742d f8e21-b66d-4dee-985b-d4e1da31742d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 250W MH Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments

376

Data:A69444d6-0ec2-458a-816f-7076f7caacaf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0ec2-458a-816f-7076f7caacaf 0ec2-458a-816f-7076f7caacaf No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Excelsior Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service- 175W MH Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures that do not require a dedicated transformer and street lighting service by means of ballast operated lamp fixtures, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability

377

IC-BASED CONTROLS FOR ENERGY-EFFICIENT LIGHTING  

SciTech Connect

A new approach for driving high frequency energy saving ballasts is developed and documented in this report. The developed approach utilizes an IC-based platform that provides the benefits of reduced system cost, reduced ballast size, and universal application to a wide range of lamp technologies, such as linear fluorescent lamps (LFL), compact fluorescent lamps (CFL) and high intensity discharge lamps (HID). The control IC chip set developed for the platform includes dual low voltage (LV) IC gate drive that provides gate drive for high and low side power switches in typical ballast circuits, and ballast controller IC that provides control functionalities optimal for different lamps and digital interface for future extension to more sophisticated control and communication.

Richard Zhang

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

History and technical evolution of high frequency fluorescent lighting  

SciTech Connect

This work was performed to accelerate development and commercialization of solid-state, high frequency ballasts for fluorescent lighting systems. The history and development of fluorescent lamps, of ballasts for these fixtures, and of related circuits and equipment are reviewed. The higher lamp efficiency of high-frequency (300 to 3000 Hz) fluorescent lamps as compared with 60 Hz lamps, the development of frequency converter circuits for high-frequency lamps, and uses, electrical characteristics, and economics of these lighting systems are discussed. (LCL)

Campbell, J.H.

1977-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Demonstration of LED Retrofit Lamps at an Exhibit of 19th Century Photography at the Getty Museum  

SciTech Connect

This document is a report of observations and results obtained from a lighting demonstration project conducted under the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) GATEWAY Demonstration Program. The program supports demonstrations of high-performance solid-state lighting (SSL) products in order to develop empirical data and experience with in-the-field applications of this advanced lighting technology. The DOE GATEWAY Demonstration Program focuses on providing a source of independent, third-party data for use in decision-making by lighting users and professionals; this data should be considered in combination with other information relevant to the particular site and application under examination. Each GATEWAY Demonstration compares SSL products against the incumbent technologies used in that location. Depending on available information and circumstances, the SSL product may also be compared to alternate lighting technologies. Though products demonstrated in the GATEWAY program may have been prescreened for performance, DOE does not endorse any commercial product or in any way guarantee that users will achieve the same results through use of these products. This report reviews the installation and use of LED PAR38 lamps to light a collection of toned albument photographic prints at the J. Paul Getty Museum in Malibu, California. Research results provided by the Getty Conservation Institute are incorporated and discussed.

Miller, Naomi J.; Druzik, Jim

2012-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

380

DOE CALiPER Program, Report 20.1 Subjective Evaluation of Beam Quality, Shadow Quality, and Color Quality for LED PAR38 Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report focuses on human-evaluated characteristics, including beam quality, shadow quality, and color quality. Using a questionnaire that included rank ordering, opinions on 27 of the Report 20 PAR38 lamps were gathered during a demonstration event for members of the local Illuminating Engineering Society (IES) chapter. This was not a rigorous scientific experiment, and the data should not be extrapolated beyond the scope of the demonstration. The results suggest that many of the LED products compared favorably to halogen PAR38 benchmarks in all attributes considered. LED lamps using a single-emitter design were generally preferred for their beam quality and shadow quality, and the IES members ranking of color quality did not always match the rank according to the color rendering index (CRI).

Royer, Michael P.; Poplawski, Michael E.; Miller, Naomi J.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Atomic gas temperature in a nonequilibrium high-intensity discharge lamp determined from the red wing of the resonance mercury line 254 nm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For developing low-wattage high intensity discharge (HID) lamps, a better understanding of the relatively unexplored nonequilibrium phenomena is essential. This needs interpretation of diagnostic results by methods free from equilibrium assumptions. In this paper, the atomic temperature is determined from the simulation of a quasistatic broadened resonance line by distinguishing between atomic temperature and excitation temperature in the equation of radiative transfer. The proposed method is applied to the red wing of the resonance mercury line 254 nm emitted from a HID lamp working on ac. The experimental results show severe deviation from local thermodynamic equilibrium. More than one thousand degrees difference was obtained between atomic and electron temperatures at the maximum current phase.

Drakakis, E. [Technological Educational Institute, Department of Electrical Engineering, 71004 Heraklion (Greece); Karabourniotis, D. [Institute of Plasma Physics, Department of Physics, University of Crete, 71003 Heraklion (Greece)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

DOE/EA-1664: Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps (June 2009)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps June 2009 16-i CHAPTER 16. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS 16.1 INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................... 16-1 16.2 AIR EMISSIONS ANALYSIS...................................................................................... 16-1 16.2.1 Air Emissions Descriptions............................................................................................ 16-1 16.2.2 Air Quality Regulation................................................................................................... 16-3 16.2.3 Global Climate Change..................................................................................................

383

Contribution to the numerical study of turbulence in high intensity discharge lamps  

SciTech Connect

We present in this paper a comparison between results obtained with a laminar and turbulent models for high-pressure mercury arc. The two models are based on the resolution of bidimensional time-dependent equations by a semi-implicit finite-element code. The numerical computation of turbulent model is solved with large eddy simulation model; this approach takes into account the various scales of turbulence by a filtering method on each scale. The results show the quantitative influence of turbulence on the flow fields and also the difference between laminar and turbulent effects on the dynamic thermal behaviour and on the characteristics of the discharge.

Kaziz, S.; Ben Ahmed, R.; Helali, H.; Gazzah, H.; Charrada, K. [Unite d'Etude des Milieux Ionises et Reactifs, IPEIM, 5019 route de Kairouan Monastir (Tunisia)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

384

Data:7ef07281-4772-4a95-8965-e7e0a2d50bdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1-4772-4a95-8965-e7e0a2d50bdf 1-4772-4a95-8965-e7e0a2d50bdf No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Auburn Board of Public Works Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service Sector: Lighting Description: This is available to residential, commercial and industrial customers. These lights cannot be used on pubic or semi-public areas. Available at locations where private lighting/ security lights are installed and electrical usage is un-metered The rate per lamp per month for each lighting unit will be computed as: Lamps rated cpacity per lamp including Ballast X $0.097

385

Energy-efficient management of lighting in a Veterans Administration medical center  

SciTech Connect

More thn 200 solid-state fluorescent ballasts were installed in representative areas of the Veterans Administration Medical Center in Long Beach, California, to determine the cost-effectiveness of the installation and to measure levels of conducted and radiated electromagnetic interference (EMI). The power, illumination, and EMI levels were measured first as the test sites initially existed, then after the fixtures were cleaned and relamped with energy-saving fluorescent lamps, and finally after the core-coil ballasts were replaced with solid-state ballasts. The annual energy savings for the complete retrofit was measured as 34%. In the director's suite natural daylight was used to supplement the electrical illumination, saving an additional 20 to 25% in energy. Thus, in that area, the total annual energy savings amounted to 51%. EMI levels were measured in general areas (lobby and director's suite), in diagnostic examination areas, and in a coronary care ward. The EMI levels, compared to existing levels, were not considered excessive. All of the above data are analyzed on the basis of life-cycle costing. The analysis is presented on sets of curves relating the cost-effective price of a ballast to the cost of electrical energy.

Verderber, R.R.; Arthur, A.; Morse, O.; Rubinstein, F.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Kansas City Power and Light - Commercial/Industrial Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

fixture Standard T8 LampsBallasts: 2 - 10unit Lighting Power Density: 1watt per square foot High Intensity Fluorescent: 50fixture Pulse Star Metal Halide: 50fixture...

387

Microsoft Word - FOR WEB - Universal 26004 NND based on GE 4901, 2609 v3.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BEFORE THE BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, D.C. 20585 In the Matter of: Universal Lighting Technologies, Inc. (fluorescent lamp ballasts) ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2013-SE-26004 Issued: September 6, 2013 NOTICE OF NONCOMPLIANCE DETERMINATION Fluorescent lamp ballasts are covered products subject to federal energy conservation standards as described in 42 U.S.C. §§ 6292(a)(13), 6295(g) and 10 C.F.R. § 430.32(m). Specifically, fluorescent lamp ballasts designed for use in connection with one F40T12 lamp and sold by the manufacturer on or after July 1, 2005, are subject to a minimum ballast efficacy factor of 2.29 and a minimum power factor of 0.90. 42 U.S.C. § 6295(g)(8) and 10 C.F.R. § 430.32(m). Manufacturers and private labelers are prohibited from distributing covered products that do not

388

Keystone: Order (2013-CE-2601)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered Keystone Technologies, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Keystone had failed to certify that certain models of fluorescent lamp ballasts comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

389

Performance of Personal Workspace Controls Final Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ballast and lamp with an Edison 3-way screw-in base. Theused with a screw-in (Edison E-26) T-6 Circline™ electronicAfter replacing the keyed Edison socket with a non-keyed (

Rubinstein, Francis; Kiliccote, Sila; Loffeld, John; Pettler, Pete; Snook, Joel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Energy-Efficient Torchieres for Residential Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

up a consortium between large lamp, ballast and fixture companies to produce a dedicated CFL torchiere which uses only 55 Watts of power, but produces more light than its 300 Watt...

391

Francis Rubinstein  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reducing Maternal and Infant Mortality with a Solar Suitcase: The Power to Save Lives The Energy Efficiency of the U.S Fluorescent Lamp Ballast Industry Special Presentation: Key...

392

Philips: Order (2012-SE-2605) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

manufactured and distributed in commerce in the U.S. 7,498 units of basic model VEL-1S40-SC, noncompliant fluorescent lamp ballasts. The Order adopted a Compromise Agreement,...

393

Energy Engineering Analysis Program (EEAP), Fort Bliss headquarters building, lighting retrofit, Fort Bliss, El Paso, Texas  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study is to analyze the use of high efficiency fluorescent lighting with energy efficient lamps and electronic ballast for the Headquarters Building (Bldg. number 2) at Fort Bliss.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Section 5.4.5 Exterior Lighting: Greening Federal Facilities...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that allows plenty of time for both pedestrians and motorists to be seen. LAMP AND BALLAST SELECTION Mercury vapor lights should be avoided. Replace mer- cury vapor lights with...

395

Contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... spectrograph. The lamp was oper- ated in series with a 300 fl ballast resistor at a dc voltage of 250 V and a current of 90 mA. ...

2003-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

396

Energy conserving automatic light output system  

SciTech Connect

An energy conserving lighting system is provided wherein a plurality of fluorescent lamps are powered by a poorly regulated voltage source power supply which provides a decreasing supply voltage with increasing arc current so as to generally match the volt-ampere characteristics of the lamps. A transistor ballast and control circuit connected in the arc current path controls the arc current, and hence the light output, in accordance with the total ambient light, i.e., the light produced by the lamps together with whatever further light is produced by other sources such as daylight. In another embodiment, a transistor ballast is utilized in combination with an inductive ballast. The transistor ballast provides current control over a wide dynamic range up to a design current maximum at which maximum the transistor is saturated and the inductive ballast takes over the current limiting function. An operational amplifier is preferably connected in the base biassing circuit of the control transistor of the transistor ballast. In an embodiment wherein two sets of lamps with separate inductive ballasts are provided, the arc currents for the two ballasts are scaled or matched to provide the desired light output.

Widmayer, D.F.

1983-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

397

Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Program Reading Municipal Light Department - Business Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Commercial Customers: $10,000 per calendar year Municipal Customers: $15,000 per calendar year Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount T-8/T-5 Lamp with Electronic Ballasts: $11 - $35/fixture Interior High Output Lamp with Electronic Ballasts: $100/fixture De-lamping: $4 - $9/lamp Lighting Sensors: $20/sensor LED Exit Signs: $20/fixture Provider Incentive Programs

398

Phosphors for LED lamps  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A phosphor, a phosphor blend including the phosphor, a phosphor prepared by a process, and a lighting apparatus including the phosphor blend are disclosed. The phosphor has the formula (Ca.sub.1-p-qCe.sub.pK.sub.q).sub.xSc.sub.y(Si.sub.1-rGa.sub.r).sub.zO.su- b.12+.delta. or derived from a process followed using disclosed amounts of reactants. In the formula, (0

Murphy, James Edward; Manepalli, Satya Kishore; Kumar, Prasanth Nammalwar

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

399

Household type load's effects on photovoltaic systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solar energy is one of the most important energy sources available because, besides the fact that it is not polluting the environment and it helps to the reduction of green house effect, it is free of charge and it can be easily converted to other ... Keywords: A.C. loads, D.C. loads, compact fluorescent lamp, photovoltaic system, power LED

Nazmi Ekren; Nevzat Onat; Safak Saglam

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Advanced Lighting Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report continues the technical assessment of advanced lighting technologies in the following product areasdimmable light-emitting diode (LED) screw-in replacement lamp, hybrid compact fluorescent lamp/halogen screw-in replacement lamp, replacement recessed can LED downlight, organic LED (OLED) disc, replacement mini high-intensity discharge (HID) lamp and ballast system, and solid-state plasma lighting (miniature HID technology) high-bay fixture. The research in this project helps to demonstrate how...

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-Intensity Discharge Lamps High-Intensity Discharge Lamps Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products There are currently no energy conservation standards for high-intensity discharge (HID) lamps. HID lamps are electric discharge lamps and include high-pressure sodium, mercury vapor, and metal halide lamps. HID lamps require an HID ballast to start and regulate electric current flow through the lamp. HID lamps are used in street and roadway lighting, area lighting such as for parking lots and plazas, industrial and commercial building interior lighting, security lighting for commercial, industrial, and residential spaces, and landscape lighting. The Standards and Test Procedures for this product are related to Rulemaking for High Intensity Discharge Lamps Energy Conservation Standard and Rulemaking for High Intensity Discharge Lamps Test Procedures.

402

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Metal Halide Lamp Fixtures Metal Halide Lamp Fixtures Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) has regulated the energy efficiency level of metal halide lamp fixtures since 2007. A metal halide lamp fixture uses a metal halide lamp and a metal halide lamp ballast. The lamp is the light source and the ballast starts and regulates current. Metal halide fixtures or lighting systems provide lighting for parking lots and streets, flood lighting, athletics facilities, big-box stores, and warehouses. The current standards will save approximately 6.4 quads of energy and result in approximately $9.6 billion in energy bill savings for products shipped from 2009-2038. The standard will avoid about 93.6 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions.

403

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts: OLED Cathodes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OLED Cathodes OLED Cathodes Development of New Cathodes for OLED's Objective The objective of this project is to develop improved cathodes for use in organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs). Approach A major challenge for organic light emitting diode (OLED) technology is to improve electron injection into the organic electroluminescent layer, which limits the efficiency of the device and the luminous flux per unit area. This project aims at overcoming such barriers by developing “structured cathodes” based on functional materials (nanotubes and nanoclusters) with characteristic size smaller than the optical wavelength. The incorporation of such nanostructured cathodes in OLEDs can significantly improve device efficiency by lowering operating voltage, and increase device stability and light extraction.

404

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts: OLED's  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information For more information on this project, please contact: Steve Johnson Lighting Group Leader (510) 486-4274 SGJohnson@lbl.gov Sponsor Information This project is...

405

Lighting Group: Sources and Ballasts: Charge Injection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information For more information on this project, please contact: Steve Johnson Lighting Group Leader (510) 486-4274 SGJohnson@lbl.gov Sponsor Information This project is...

406

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

as ellipsoidal reflectors (type-ER) in recessed fixtures. Use reflector (R)or parabolic reflector (PAR) CFLs for flood and spotlighting. Some CFL fixtures have built-in...

407

High efficiency inverter and ballast circuits  

SciTech Connect

A high efficiency push-pull inverter circuit employing a pair of relatively high power switching transistors is described. The switching on and off of the transistors is precisely controlled to minimize power losses due to common-mode conduction or due to transient conditions that occur in the process of turning a transistor on or off. Two current feed-back transformers are employed in the transistor base drives; one being saturable for providing a positive feedback, and the other being non-saturable for providing a subtractive feedback.

Nilssen, O.K.

1984-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

408

Fluorescent Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fluorescent Lighting Basics Fluorescent Lighting Basics Fluorescent Lighting Basics October 17, 2013 - 5:39pm Addthis Light from a fluorescent lamp is first created by an electric current conducted through an inert gas producing ultraviolet light that is invisible to the human eye. The ultraviolet light in turn interacts with special blends of phosphors coating the interior surface of the fluorescent lamp tube that efficiently converts the invisible light into useful white light. Fluorescent lamps require a special power supply called a ballast that is needed to regulate lamp operating current and provide a compatible start-up voltage. Electronic ballasts perform the same function as a magnetic ballast but outperform the outdated magnetic products by operating at a very high frequency that eliminates flicker and noise while

409

Department of Homeland Security Transition Team  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Detection technologies Wide-area surveillance Ballast water verification Page 16. 16 An effective deterrent against CBRN threats ...

410

Data:C2c3ca91-49d0-416e-8534-16d52fcadb9b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c3ca91-49d0-416e-8534-16d52fcadb9b c3ca91-49d0-416e-8534-16d52fcadb9b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Davenport, Nebraska (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/11/15 End date if known: Rate name: General Service Lighting Sector: Lighting Description: To energy only for Customer-owned lighting, provided the customer installs photo-electric controlled equipment approved by the District to limit the burning time of the lighting units to the period from dusk till daylight. Price of lamp per month: ([Rated kW capacity of lamp, including ballast] x 4000 x $0.0741)/12

411

Electronic High-Intensity Discharge Lighting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update addresses the most promising controllable energy efficient light source electronic high-intensity discharge (HID) lighting. Business and technical market factors (Chapter 2) explain the upcoming growth of the HID lamp and electronic HID ballast market. Future technical improvements are emphasized along with discussion of the importance of utility involvement in helping their customers make the switch from magnetically-ballasted HID lighting to higher efficiency electronic HID l...

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

412

Assessment of Electrical, Efficiency, and Photometric Performance of Advanced Lighting Technologies: Dimmable Advanced Lighting Tech nologies -- Electronic Fluorescent, High-Intensity Discharge, and Light-Emitting Diode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Report is a compilation of four technical updates that address the basic dimming performance of advanced lighting sources: EPRI report 1018476 for linear fluorescent ballasts, 1018477 for hot and cold cathode compact fluorescent lamps, 1018479 for electronic high-intensity discharge (HID) ballasts, and 1018480 for light-emitting diode (LED) lighting. Chapter 1 provides a discussion of basic lighting control, the importance of considering power quality in lighting control, lighting con...

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

413

Modification of fluorescent luminaries for energy conservation  

SciTech Connect

Reducing energy consumption in existing buildings by reducing the number of lamps presents technical problems when more than one fluorescent lamp operates from a single ballast. A preliminary investigation was made whereby capacitors were substituted for one fluorescent lamp in a two-lamp luminaire which operated with a single ballast. Under optimum conditions, lighting efficiency (foot-candles per watt) was nearly as high at reduced power input as it was with two lamps operating normally. No failures in lighting equipment or capacitors occurred and no fire hazards, other safety hazards, or other unsatisfactory occurrences were observed. A more thorough investigation involving a number of parameters is needed to ascertain the feasibility of this modification.

Beausoliel, R.W.; Meese, W.J.; Yonemura, G.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Modification of fluorescent luminaires for energy conservation  

SciTech Connect

Reducing energy consumption in existing buildings by reducing the number of lamps presents technical problems when more than one fluorescent lamp operates from a single ballast. A preliminary investigation was made whereby capacitors were substituted for one fluorescent lamp in a two-lamp luminaire which operated with a single ballast. Under optimum conditions, lighting efficiency (foot-candles per watt) was nearly as high at reduced power input as it was with two lamps operating normally. No failures in lighting equipment or capacitors occurred and no fire hazards, other safety hazards, or other unsatisfactory occurrences were observed. A more thorough investigation involving a number of parameters is needed to ascertain the feasibility of this modification. (auth)

Beausoliel, R.W.; Meese, W.J.; Yonemura, G.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Spectrally Enhanced Lighting Program Implementation for Energy Savings: Field Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides results from an evaluation PNNL conducted of a spectrally enhanced lighting demonstration project. PNNL performed field measurements and occupant surveys at three office buildings in California before and after lighting retrofits were made in August and December 2005. PNNL measured the following Overhead lighting electricity demand and consumption, Light levels in the workspace, Task lighting use, and Occupant ratings of satisfaction with the lighting. Existing lighting, which varied in each building, was replaced with lamps with correlated color temperature (CCT) of 5000 Kelvin, color rendering index (CRI) of 85, of varying wattages, and lower ballast factor electronic ballasts. The demonstrations were designed to decrease lighting power loads in the three buildings by 22-50 percent, depending on the existing installed lamps and ballasts. The project designers hypothesized that this reduction in electrical loads could be achieved by the change to higher CCT lamps without decreasing occupant satisfaction with the lighting.

Gordon, Kelly L.; Sullivan, Gregory P.; Armstrong, Peter R.; Richman, Eric E.; Matzke, Brett D.

2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

416

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Philips Lighting Electronics N. A. Philips Lighting Electronics N. A. (fluorescent lamp ballasts) ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2012-SE-2605 Issued: August 31, 2012 NOTICE OF NONCOMPLIANCE DETERMINATION Fluorescent lamp ballasts are covered products subject to federal energy conservation standards as described in 42 U.S.C. §§ 6292(a)(13), 6295(g) and IO C.P.R.§ 430.32(m). Manufacturers and private labelers are prohibited from distributing covered products that do not comply with the applicable conservation standards. 10 C.P.R. § 429.102(a)(6); 42 U.S. C.§ 6302(a)(5). In February of this year, Philips Lighting Electronics N. A. ("Philips") submitted certification report CCMS # 9935, ce1tifying that fluorescent lamp ballast basic model VEL-I S40-SC was not in compliance with the applicable energy conservation standards. Philips notified the U.S.

417

Lamps in the Leaping Over  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

‘dusgser gyi nya mo ‘khor lo bskor ba’i rgyud chen po: /rang byung lhun grub ‘bras bu n/ /gdod naslhun grub rang ‘char bas/ /’byung ba lnga la rag ma pas/ /sku gsung thugs la rten mi ‘cha’/ /gsalbyed rig pa’i sgron ma yi s/ /gter khyim phung po gsal byed... / /longs sku dang nisprul pa’i sku/ /chu shel sgron ma’i dpes mtshon kyang/da lta rang la ‘byung ma srid/ /khyung sgoma chag ‘phur mi nus/.14 See TTT 54, p. 504, eigthth chapter of the Byang chub kyi sems rin chen ‘khor lo: /sems nyid rigpa’i sgron ma yis...

Scheidegger, Daniel

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CA-City-Westminster CA-City-Westminster Location: City Westminster CA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description: 1) Conduct lighting retrofits in city buildings (City Hall, Council Chambers, Community Center/Senior Center, and Rose Center) which includes replacing some existing fluorescent fixtures with T8 lamps and low-watt electronic ballasts, replacing some 1st generation T8 fluorescent fixtures with T8 lamps and low- watt electronic ballasts, replacing some incandescent fixtures with compact fluorescent lamps or new PL- lamp fixtures, and adding occupancy sensor controls and daylight controls to interior lighting fixtures in some of the facilities; 2) replace tennis court light fixtures at Park West and Bolsa Chica Park; 3) furnish

419

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

fO( Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide lamp Fixtures (RIN: 1904-ACOO) fO( Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide lamp Fixtures (RIN: 1904-ACOO) Program or Fjeld Office: EERE- Buildings Technology Program Location(s) (City/CQunty/Statel: Nationwide Proposed Action Description: DOE proposes amended energy conservation standards for metal halide lamp fixtures. The proposed standards are the minimum allowable ballast efficiency based on fixture location, ballast type. and the rated wattage of the lamp. These proposed standards, if adopted, would apply to aU products listed in Table 1.1 of the NOPR and manufactured in, or imported into, the United States on or after January 1, 2015. Categorical ExclusiQn(s) Applied: 85.1 - Actions to conserve energy or waler For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical eXClusions, including the full text of

420

CX-008415: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

15: Categorical Exclusion Determination 15: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008415: Categorical Exclusion Determination California-City-Westminster CX(s) Applied: B1.32, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 07/10/2012 Location(s): California Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Conduct lighting retrofits in city buildings (City Hall, Council Chambers, Community Center/Senior Center, and Rose Center) which includes replacing some existing fluorescent fixtures with T8 lamps and low-watt electronic ballasts, replacing some 1st generation T8 fluorescent fixtures with T8 lamps and low-watt electronic ballasts, replacing some incandescent fixtures with compact fluorescent lamps or new PL-lamp fixtures, and adding occupancy sensor controls and daylight controls to interior lighting fixtures in some of the facilities.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Pre-Retrofit Lighting Study at the University of Texas at Arlington  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the summer of 1993 the University of Texas at Arlington Physical Plant Department submitted a request to the Energy Systems Lab to conduct a lighting study to determine the most cost-effective method of implementing energy-saving lighting retrofits in U.T. Arlington classrooms without compromising the Illuminating Engineering Society (IES) recommended minimum lighting levels. A preliminary series of field tests was undertaken to get a sampling of classroom lighting levels on the U.T. Arlington campus and to determine whether lamp locations within the fixture would impact the amount of light output. This was followed by a series of lab tests conducted at the Energy Systems Lab, located on the Texas A&M University campus, to compare the light output of fixtures with different combinations of lamp types and locations within the fixture. In order to evaluate the impact of the proposed lighting retrofit, a study was made to determine the capital investment required as weighed against energy cost savings. The results of the study are presented in the paper and a summary table is provided to take into account lamp and ballast performance compared with capital expenditure with respect to meeting IES minimum footcandle levels. Based on the report findings it was recommended that a full, comprehensive survey be undertaken at UTA, to ensure that minimum lighting levels will be maintained, while also ensuring that the capital investment is the most cost-effective.

Houcek, J. K.; Claridge, D. E.; Haberl, J. S.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Efficient Light Sources Today  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reviews new lamp and lighting technology in terms of application and economic impact. Included are the latest advances in High Intensity Discharge systems, energy saving fluorescent lamps and ballasts, and the new state of the art high performance fluorescent systems. Cost analyses will show that typical owning and operating cost reductions of 15 to 65% can be achieved without sacrificing illumination levels when the right system is chosen and properly applied.

Hart, A. L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Data:9ed67a3b-6889-48c3-96ff-cd7e6d4438ab | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ed67a3b-6889-48c3-96ff-cd7e6d4438ab ed67a3b-6889-48c3-96ff-cd7e6d4438ab No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Wolverine Pwr Supply Coop, Inc Effective date: 2013/02/26 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule SA- Street Lighting Service - LED Alternative Sector: Description: The Energy Policy Act of 2005 requires that mercury vapor lamp ballasts shall not be manufactured orimported after January 1, 2008. To the extent that the Cooperative has the necessary materials, theCooperative will continue to maintain existing mercury vapor lamp installations in accordance with this Electric Rate Schedule. With respect to mercury vapor lamp installations, rates apply to existingluminaires only and are not open to new business except where the Cooperative elects, at the customer'srequest, to install additional luminaires within an area already served by a mercury vapor unmeteredlighting system. Any such election is subject to the Cooperative having the necessary materials and to thediscretion of the Cooperative

424

Data:D66f9bbf-edd9-471d-805c-ea16d58537e1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bbf-edd9-471d-805c-ea16d58537e1 bbf-edd9-471d-805c-ea16d58537e1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Wolverine Pwr Supply Coop, Inc Effective date: 2013/02/26 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule SA- Street Lighting Service (Metered) Sector: Lighting Description: The Energy Policy Act of 2005 requires that mercury vapor lamp ballasts shall not be manufactured or imported after January 1, 2008. To the extent that the Cooperative has the necessary materials, the Cooperative will continue to maintain existing mercury vapor lamp installations in accordance with this Electric Rate Schedule. With respect to mercury vapor lamp installations, rates apply to existing luminaires only and are not open to new business except where the Cooperative elects, at the customer'srequest, to install additional luminaires within an area already served by a mercury vapor unmeteredlighting system. Any such election is subject to the Cooperative having the necessary materials and to the discretion of the Cooperative

425

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Lighting Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Lighting Types Lighting Types The following are the most widely used types of lighting equipment used in commercial buildings. Characteristics such as energy efficiency, light quality, and lifetime vary by lamp type. Standard Fluorescent A fluorescent lamp consists of a sealed gas-filled tube. The gas in the tube consists of a mixture of low pressure mercury vapor and an inert gas such as argon. The inner surface of the tube has a coating of phosphor powder. When an electrical current is applied to electrodes in the tube, the mercury vapor emits ultraviolet radiation which then causes the phosphor coating to emit visible light (the process is termed fluorescence). A ballast is required to regulate and control the current and voltage. Two types of ballasts are used, magnetic and electronic. Electronic ballasts

426

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

[6450-01-P] [6450-01-P] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 430 [Docket Number EERE-2007-BT-STD-0016] RIN 1904-AB50 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION: Finding of No Significant Impact: Energy Conservation Program. SUMMARY: The Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA), as amended, prescribes energy conservation standards for various consumer products and certain commercial and industrial equipment, including fluorescent lamp ballasts (hereafter referred to as ballasts). EPCA also requires the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to determine whether more-stringent standards would be technologically feasible and economically justified, and would save a

427

Matched system concept: the leading edge of technology  

SciTech Connect

A new indoor fluorescent lighting system is described. It improves system efficiency 39 percent and saves 60 watts as compared to a standard four-lamp, 40-watt fluorescent system. At the core of the system is a specially designed solid state switch in the ballast. In the Optimiser System, two specially controlled 28-watt, four-foot rapid start T-12 bipin fluorescent lamps work together with a unique high-efficiency ballast to provide optimum performance. The ballast is a combination of electromagnetic components and watt-saving solid-state circuitry with proven reliability. Light output of the new system is comparable to today's typical energy fluorescent systems.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Microsoft Word - EA-1881-FEA-2011.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts DOE/EA-1881 10/5/2011 16-ii CHAPTER 16. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS 16.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 16-1 16.2 AIR EMISSIONS ANALYSIS ......................................................................................... 16-1 16.2.1 Air Emissions Descriptions................................................................................ 16-1 16.2.2 Air Quality Regulation ....................................................................................... 16-4

429

Survey and Forecast of Marketplace Supply and Demand for Energy-Efficient Lighting Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utility incentive programs have placed significant demands on the suppliers of certain types of energy-efficient lighting products--particularly compact fluorescent lamps and electronic ballasts. Two major federal programs may soon place even greater demands on the lighting industry. This report assesses the program-induced demand for efficient lighting products and their likely near-term supply.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Universal: Order (2013-SE-26004)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered Universal Lighting Technologies, Inc. to pay a $7,264 civil penalty after finding Universal had manufactured and distributed in commerce in the U.S. 454 units of model B140R277HP, a noncompliant fluorescent lamp ballast.

431

Demand for Environmentally-Friendly Durables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5% of total light bulb sales; by 2006 CFL market share wasmarket High efficiency motors, T-8 lamps and electronic ballasts, compact florescent light bulbs,market for used solar panels (which have high installation costs and are often installation-specific) or used light bulbs (

Martin, Leslie Aimee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Energy and lighting design  

SciTech Connect

Energy conserving practices in providing lighting for today's buildings are examined in this second of a two-part presentation. Discussion on light source characteristics, ballast characteristics for gaseous discharge lamps, quality and the cost of lighting, and equivalent sphere illumination are included.

Helms, R.N.

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

LBL-37702 UC-1600 MAGNETIC FLUORESCENT BALLASTS: MARKET DATA...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

this report is forthcoming in Contemporary Economic Policy 510486-5974 510486-6996 FAX Energy Analysis Program Energy and Environment Division Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley...

434

Feature scaling of large, ballasted, field emission arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Field emitters are an exciting technology for high-frequency, high-power applications because of their excellent free space electron transport, and their potential for high current density and high current, especially when ...

Guerrera, Stephen A. (Stephen Angelo)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Daylighting Application and Effectiveness in Industrial Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Before the advent of practical mercury vapor and fluorescent lighting, the only available artificial lighting for industrial buildings was incandescent. The illumination of active industrial workspaces with incandescent lighting is difficult, so during the industrial revolution, architects utilized various daylighting strategies such as window walls, skylighting, monitors, etc. However, glazing technologies were primitive compared with our modern choices, When more efficient and effective artificial lighting became available, most older industrial buildings had their daylighting features boarded over. With modern glazing systems and sophisticated designs that minimize glare issues, daylighting for industrial buildings is making a strong comeback. Additionally, new controllable ballasts and automatic lighting controls make possible hybrid lighting systems that are able to provide optimal lighting under all environmental conditions. This paper will discuss how daylighting systems developed decades ago are being modernized to provide high quality, low-glare, uniform lighting. Premium glazing systems that limit heat losses and gain will be discussed. The importance of glare control in day-lit spaces, for worker safety and productivity, will be stressed, and a variety of passive and active strategies will be presented including: redirected beam daylighting; reflective light shelves; and movable baffles and louvers.

McCowan, B.; Birleanu, D.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Lighting Research Group: Facilities: Power Analyzer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Analyzer Power Analyzer Power Analyzer power analyzer Gonio-photometer | Integrating sphere | Power analyzer | Spectro-radiometer A power analyzer is a very necessary tool for lighting research. With the power analyzer we are able to monitor the input voltage to the lamp as well as the input power and current. The amount of power a lamp or a lamp-ballast combination uses is very important when determining its efficiency. It is also important to monitor the input voltage to make sure it doesn't vary. This can affect the light output of a lamp greatly. With the power analyzer we can also measure things like the power factor, harmonic distortion, and current crest factor of some lamps. These measurements tell us how well a lamp is working. For example, a high power

437

Find cost-effective investments | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lamps and can save 10 per sign annually in electricity costs. Swap out incandescent light bulbs with ENERGY STAR certified CFLs or LEDs in your desk, task, and floor lamps....

438

Data:Ce257723-a06c-4647-a520-102fafcf2c22 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ce257723-a06c-4647-a520-102fafcf2c22 Ce257723-a06c-4647-a520-102fafcf2c22 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Crisp County Power Comm Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Rental Light Service-Post Top Fixtures- (Traditional MH 150/175W) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh):

439

Data:5276e5ae-2759-4a8f-b7aa-b2cb352dd958 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2759-4a8f-b7aa-b2cb352dd958 2759-4a8f-b7aa-b2cb352dd958 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 400W Overhead Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Cobra',Wood Pole (1)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

440

Data:515de3b2-c165-4c4c-9d32-349a503492a7 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b2-c165-4c4c-9d32-349a503492a7 b2-c165-4c4c-9d32-349a503492a7 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Colquitt Electric Membership Corp Effective date: 1993/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: 1000W Existing MH-Flood, OVERHEAD WIRING, Wood Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Additional $1.50 will be charged for mounted on 30 foot wood pole Applicability

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Data:4ec729e0-aec3-4564-a4a8-dab996005797 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

aec3-4564-a4a8-dab996005797 aec3-4564-a4a8-dab996005797 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Ocmulgee Electric Member Corp Effective date: 1999/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: 100W Type -'HPS-Open', kWh-40 Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Corporation's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Corporation, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

442

Data:957488aa-519a-412c-aab9-de57c307d0ba | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

aa-519a-412c-aab9-de57c307d0ba aa-519a-412c-aab9-de57c307d0ba No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Crisp County Power Comm Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Rental Light Service-Post Top Fixtures- (Galleria HPS 150W) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months):

443

Data:4611d636-a211-412b-a0c7-846b1cea86fe | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6-a211-412b-a0c7-846b1cea86fe 6-a211-412b-a0c7-846b1cea86fe No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 400W Overhead Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'MH-Flood',Wood Pole (1)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

444

Data:9859aa63-0c3f-4c01-8e4c-e2eb958b89df | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0c3f-4c01-8e4c-e2eb958b89df 0c3f-4c01-8e4c-e2eb958b89df No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Ocmulgee Electric Member Corp Effective date: 1999/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: 250W Type -'HPS-Flood', kWh-Metered Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Corporation's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Corporation, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

445

Data:D2ef18c1-d6bd-4a8f-accc-deb2cd0d7e93 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8c1-d6bd-4a8f-accc-deb2cd0d7e93 8c1-d6bd-4a8f-accc-deb2cd0d7e93 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Colquitt Electric Membership Corp Effective date: 1993/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: 100W Existing HPS-Open, OVERHEAD WIRING, Wood Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Additional $1.50 will be charged for mounted on 30 foot wood pole Applicability

446

Data:1ed95e55-77c3-4ba5-a97f-2ae396b39928 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5-77c3-4ba5-a97f-2ae396b39928 5-77c3-4ba5-a97f-2ae396b39928 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Crisp County Power Comm Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Rental Light Service-Post Top Fixtures- (Torch MH 250W) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months):

447

Data:Cb5db7ec-7824-4bcd-9eb4-db5ebc499985 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ec-7824-4bcd-9eb4-db5ebc499985 ec-7824-4bcd-9eb4-db5ebc499985 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 250W Overhead Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Flood',Wood Pole (1)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

448

Data:A31d1215-ebc0-411c-a794-8ed5351d7bf2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

15-ebc0-411c-a794-8ed5351d7bf2 15-ebc0-411c-a794-8ed5351d7bf2 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 250W Overhead Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Cobra',Wood Pole (1)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

449

Data:A0b4aae3-b1b4-409c-94cb-438e452edc70 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

aae3-b1b4-409c-94cb-438e452edc70 aae3-b1b4-409c-94cb-438e452edc70 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 100W Underground Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Cobra',WoodPole(2)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

450

Data:Abebf4df-42b4-4191-a89f-831699aa0854 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Abebf4df-42b4-4191-a89f-831699aa0854 Abebf4df-42b4-4191-a89f-831699aa0854 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jefferson Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2010/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: STREET LIGHTING SERVICE ( 150W HPS - Cobrahead ) Sector: Lighting Description: Additional fees for poles and transformers may apply Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either high pressure sodium (HPS) or metal halide (MH), and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications. Applicability

451

Data:47ef0a4b-1249-421a-872c-1b88da72666a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a4b-1249-421a-872c-1b88da72666a a4b-1249-421a-872c-1b88da72666a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 250W Underground Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Flood',FiberglassPole(3)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

452

Data:92d0a7d1-bb82-45db-994c-0dcc09e7cab4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bb82-45db-994c-0dcc09e7cab4 bb82-45db-994c-0dcc09e7cab4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jefferson Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2010/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: STREET LIGHTING SERVICE ( 250W HPS - Traditional ) Sector: Lighting Description: Additional fees for poles and transformers may apply Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either high pressure sodium (HPS) or metal halide (MH), and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications. Applicability Demand (kW)

453

Data:2565df0a-e218-496f-ba53-356852cec5f1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

df0a-e218-496f-ba53-356852cec5f1 df0a-e218-496f-ba53-356852cec5f1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 1000W Underground Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Flood',FiberglassPole(3)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

454

Data:913556b2-1c60-478c-95cc-befbed81a632 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b2-1c60-478c-95cc-befbed81a632 b2-1c60-478c-95cc-befbed81a632 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 250W Overhead Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Open',Wood Pole (2)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

455

Data:8cf92623-bb67-44fd-be96-4e50bcd00d83 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

623-bb67-44fd-be96-4e50bcd00d83 623-bb67-44fd-be96-4e50bcd00d83 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 400W Underground Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Flood',WoodPole(2)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

456

Data:E75422b7-2867-40a1-8949-46d94a802771 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2b7-2867-40a1-8949-46d94a802771 2b7-2867-40a1-8949-46d94a802771 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 400W Underground Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'MH-Flood',WoodPole(2)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

457

Data:Eb047549-4371-48e9-b11c-b75d3f056969 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

49-4371-48e9-b11c-b75d3f056969 49-4371-48e9-b11c-b75d3f056969 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 175 Existing mercury vapor with Overhead Wiring - (Type - 'MV-Open', Additional Overhead - Wood Pole(2)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

458

Data:5a750055-6742-4ee7-9237-1ddc143f422d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6742-4ee7-9237-1ddc143f422d 6742-4ee7-9237-1ddc143f422d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mitchell Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE SL-14 SECURITY LIGHTING SERVICE L4 250 WATT WOOD POLE Sector: Lighting Description: SCHEDULE SL-14 SECURITY LIGHTING SERVICE L4 250 WATT WOOD POLE AVAILABILITY * Available in all territory served by the Cooperative and subject to the Cooperative's Service Rules and Regulations. APPLICABILITY * Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations accessible for maintenance.

459

Data:13c51b15-5cae-49e3-9ee6-400f38d52613 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-5cae-49e3-9ee6-400f38d52613 -5cae-49e3-9ee6-400f38d52613 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jefferson Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2010/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: STREET LIGHTING SERVICE ( 175W MH - Torch ) Sector: Lighting Description: Additional fees for poles and transformers may apply Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either high pressure sodium (HPS) or metal halide (MH), and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications. Applicability Demand (kW)

460

Data:D76f1eb3-e7ee-4110-a076-a58b42c300c1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

eb3-e7ee-4110-a076-a58b42c300c1 eb3-e7ee-4110-a076-a58b42c300c1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 400W Overhead Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Flood',Wood Pole (1)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Data:7d97de30-230e-4b2f-8e91-abbd647e170c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0-230e-4b2f-8e91-abbd647e170c 0-230e-4b2f-8e91-abbd647e170c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Ocmulgee Electric Member Corp Effective date: 1999/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: 250W Type -'HPS-Open/Cobra', kWh-Metered Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Corporation's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Corporation, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

462

Data:8a7dcaeb-4963-41ff-bab8-e5ffe262ab35 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dcaeb-4963-41ff-bab8-e5ffe262ab35 dcaeb-4963-41ff-bab8-e5ffe262ab35 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 150W Underground Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Cobra',FiberglassPole(3)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

463

Data:7b64a4da-0bf0-42cc-a127-e98af1315dbc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

da-0bf0-42cc-a127-e98af1315dbc da-0bf0-42cc-a127-e98af1315dbc No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 100W Overhead Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Open',Wood Pole (1)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

464

Data:Db3ae22d-d126-4247-99c6-d30aa5fc1ee6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2d-d126-4247-99c6-d30aa5fc1ee6 2d-d126-4247-99c6-d30aa5fc1ee6 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 250W Overhead Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Open',Wood Pole (1)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

465

Data:E310c1ca-83f8-4156-ba68-f1ede3864937 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

10c1ca-83f8-4156-ba68-f1ede3864937 10c1ca-83f8-4156-ba68-f1ede3864937 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mitchell Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE SL-14 SECURITY LIGHTING SERVICE L2 100 WATT WOOD POLE Sector: Lighting Description: AVAILABILITY * Available in all territory served by the Cooperative and subject to the Cooperative's Service Rules and Regulations. SCHEDULE SL-14 SECURITY LIGHTING SERVICE L2 100 WATT WOOD POLE APPLICABILITY * Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations accessible for maintenance.

466

Data:239dd8c3-2660-4fb5-a10f-200895eb226c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c3-2660-4fb5-a10f-200895eb226c c3-2660-4fb5-a10f-200895eb226c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jefferson Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2010/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: STREET LIGHTING SERVICE ( 250W HPS - Shoebox ) Sector: Lighting Description: Additional fees for poles and transformers may apply Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either high pressure sodium (HPS) or metal halide (MH), and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications. Applicability Demand (kW)

467

Data:D905872b-352a-4ed8-a723-ea5cdb786d8a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b-352a-4ed8-a723-ea5cdb786d8a b-352a-4ed8-a723-ea5cdb786d8a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Ocmulgee Electric Member Corp Effective date: 1999/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: 150W Type -'HPS-Sidelite', kWh-60 Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Corporation's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Corporation, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

468

Data:F6fe3d2b-9a67-4661-aab9-906f806c7860 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fe3d2b-9a67-4661-aab9-906f806c7860 fe3d2b-9a67-4661-aab9-906f806c7860 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 250W Underground Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Open',WoodPole(2)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

469

Data:1373f291-f0ee-45f7-8abb-710bcedb969b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f0ee-45f7-8abb-710bcedb969b f0ee-45f7-8abb-710bcedb969b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Ocmulgee Electric Member Corp Effective date: 1999/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: 250W Type -'HPS-Flood', kWh-100 Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Corporation's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Corporation, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

470

Data:C77c3d84-c745-414a-9bf4-64461174d5f5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d84-c745-414a-9bf4-64461174d5f5 d84-c745-414a-9bf4-64461174d5f5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 250W Overhead Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Cobra',Wood Pole (2)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

471

Data:5d47e2c5-b74e-42a0-8742-f681cf68d808 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b74e-42a0-8742-f681cf68d808 b74e-42a0-8742-f681cf68d808 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 175 Mercury vapor with Underground Wiring- (Type - 'MV-Open', Wood Pole) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

472

Data:361821e3-113c-4a40-a9b1-becf02d08bae | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e3-113c-4a40-a9b1-becf02d08bae e3-113c-4a40-a9b1-becf02d08bae No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Colquitt Electric Membership Corp Effective date: 1993/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: 150W Existing HPS-Cobra, UNDERGROUND WIRING, Metal or Fiberglass Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW):

473

Data:982a1454-aa93-4ab1-a5cd-76205b2d6aa6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

aa93-4ab1-a5cd-76205b2d6aa6 aa93-4ab1-a5cd-76205b2d6aa6 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jefferson Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2010/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: STREET LIGHTING SERVICE ( 100W HPS - Traditional ) Sector: Lighting Description: Additional fees for poles and transformers may apply Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either high pressure sodium (HPS) or metal halide (MH), and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications. Applicability Demand (kW)

474

Data:982fa5fd-b44a-4196-8c97-39a136f8ea38 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b44a-4196-8c97-39a136f8ea38 b44a-4196-8c97-39a136f8ea38 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jefferson Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2010/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: STREET LIGHTING SERVICE ( 150W HPS - Expressway ) Sector: Lighting Description: Additional fees for poles and transformers may apply Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either high pressure sodium (HPS) or metal halide (MH), and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications. Applicability Demand (kW)

475

Data:A0610d5a-0d14-40dc-98f2-5ff2f1d0d0f9 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d14-40dc-98f2-5ff2f1d0d0f9 d14-40dc-98f2-5ff2f1d0d0f9 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 100W Overhead Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Open',Wood Pole (2)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

476

Data:D2f0bffd-3563-4d8e-81ec-163f1d467c90 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bffd-3563-4d8e-81ec-163f1d467c90 bffd-3563-4d8e-81ec-163f1d467c90 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 100W Overhead Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Cobra',Wood Pole (1)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

477

Data:994ef76f-ad56-4534-8167-9ee476290886 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ef76f-ad56-4534-8167-9ee476290886 ef76f-ad56-4534-8167-9ee476290886 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Licking Rural Electric Inc Effective date: 2011/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: OUTDOOR LIGHTING SERVICE- 100 W HPS Carriage Sector: Lighting Description: Available in all territory served by the Cooperative, in accordance with the Cooperative's Service Rules and Regulations. APPLICABILITY Applicable only to outdoor lighting by means of photoelectric controlled ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications and where service can be provided in close proximity to existing overhead distribution. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for maintenance.

478

Data:3ae057df-d560-421f-a823-9f083fbaf24e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

57df-d560-421f-a823-9f083fbaf24e 57df-d560-421f-a823-9f083fbaf24e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Colquitt Electric Membership Corp Effective date: 1993/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: 175W Existing MV-Open, OVERHEAD WIRING, Wood Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Not available for new installations after April 1, 1984. Additional $1.50 will be charged for mounted on 30 foot wood pole

479

Data:D7d3063f-e70a-42c6-bb24-1ba43357e1f1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

63f-e70a-42c6-bb24-1ba43357e1f1 63f-e70a-42c6-bb24-1ba43357e1f1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 1000W Underground Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Flood',WoodPole(2)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

480

Data:C251fa67-9544-43dd-8774-478976beffc5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fa67-9544-43dd-8774-478976beffc5 fa67-9544-43dd-8774-478976beffc5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Ocmulgee Electric Member Corp Effective date: 1999/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: 400W Type -'HPS-Open/Cobra' Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Corporation's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Corporation, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lamp ballasts effective" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Data:Fd4a1d85-7f5c-46aa-90b2-bccb09df9df3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-7f5c-46aa-90b2-bccb09df9df3 -7f5c-46aa-90b2-bccb09df9df3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Crisp County Power Comm Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Rental Light Service-Parking Lot Shoebox- One Fixture (350/400 W MH/HPS) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either Mercury Vapor, Pressure Sodium, or Metal Halide. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh):

482

Data:00dd7c09-314c-462d-a80f-e04bf442d845 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dd7c09-314c-462d-a80f-e04bf442d845 dd7c09-314c-462d-a80f-e04bf442d845 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 250W Underground Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Cobra',FiberglassPole(3)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

483

Data:F6c81748-c99d-473d-9bb0-8b34f12f6580 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-c99d-473d-9bb0-8b34f12f6580 -c99d-473d-9bb0-8b34f12f6580 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Ocmulgee Electric Member Corp Effective date: 1999/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: 250W Type -'HPS-Open/Cobra', kWh-100 Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Corporation's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Corporation, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

484

Data:Ec8a2a34-0d66-487d-a4d3-3d24e442eb86 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4-0d66-487d-a4d3-3d24e442eb86 4-0d66-487d-a4d3-3d24e442eb86 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jefferson Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2010/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: STREET LIGHTING SERVICE ( 250W HPS - Expressway ) Sector: Lighting Description: Additional fees for poles and transformers may apply Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either high pressure sodium (HPS) or metal halide (MH), and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications. Applicability

485

Data:Def7b2f6-1ad6-43cc-b7fd-cd187ca97229 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f6-1ad6-43cc-b7fd-cd187ca97229 f6-1ad6-43cc-b7fd-cd187ca97229 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Colquitt Electric Membership Corp Effective date: 1993/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: 100W Existing HPS-Open, OVERHEAD WIRING, Metal or Fiberglass Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months):

486

Data:720229fa-4def-4aff-a9ea-d618d5d26d85 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

29fa-4def-4aff-a9ea-d618d5d26d85 29fa-4def-4aff-a9ea-d618d5d26d85 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 100W Underground Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Open',WoodPole(2)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

487

Data:Dd205841-ee54-42f5-9926-1bb2cb44a1df | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1-ee54-42f5-9926-1bb2cb44a1df 1-ee54-42f5-9926-1bb2cb44a1df No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 400W Overhead Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Flood',Wood Pole (2)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

488

Data:2545e613-61b0-4c9b-8bbf-ed81d661b581 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

13-61b0-4c9b-8bbf-ed81d661b581 13-61b0-4c9b-8bbf-ed81d661b581 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mitchell Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE SL-14 SECURITY LIGHTING SERVICE L1 175 WATT WOOD POLE Sector: Lighting Description: AVAILABILITY * Available in all territory served by the Cooperative and subject to the Cooperative's Service Rules and Regulations. APPLICABILITY * Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations accessible for maintenance.

489

Data:C3d85855-db40-41bb-bed9-897e00363be0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

db40-41bb-bed9-897e00363be0 db40-41bb-bed9-897e00363be0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 250W Overhead Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Open',Wood Pole (1)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

490

Data:Ffb4a356-232a-4dcd-aa77-4fc9428a66aa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ffb4a356-232a-4dcd-aa77-4fc9428a66aa Ffb4a356-232a-4dcd-aa77-4fc9428a66aa No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 100W Overhead Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Cobra',Wood Pole (2)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

491

Data:D96a197b-661d-43e7-83c0-879ab36d94c2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

97b-661d-43e7-83c0-879ab36d94c2 97b-661d-43e7-83c0-879ab36d94c2 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jefferson Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2010/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: STREET LIGHTING SERVICE ( 100W HPS - Cobrahead ) Sector: Lighting Description: Additional fees for poles and transformers may apply Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either high pressure sodium (HPS) or metal halide (MH), and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications. Applicability

492

Data:Da8c4406-ba6e-4564-aa77-7003d74bee60 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

06-ba6e-4564-aa77-7003d74bee60 06-ba6e-4564-aa77-7003d74bee60 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jefferson Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2010/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: STREET LIGHTING SERVICE ( 1000W MH - Shoebox ) Sector: Lighting Description: Additional fees for poles and transformers may apply Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either high pressure sodium (HPS) or metal halide (MH), and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications. Applicability Demand (kW)

493

Data:B86ebcf3-870c-4233-9e75-a0471a221774 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-870c-4233-9e75-a0471a221774 -870c-4233-9e75-a0471a221774 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jefferson Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2010/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: STREET LIGHTING SERVICE ( 400W MH - Shoebox ) Sector: Lighting Description: Additional fees for poles and transformers may apply Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either high pressure sodium (HPS) or metal halide (MH), and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications. Applicability Demand (kW)

494

Data:653f2c78-bc47-49c7-bdd9-d4c8e8eb7a19 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c78-bc47-49c7-bdd9-d4c8e8eb7a19 c78-bc47-49c7-bdd9-d4c8e8eb7a19 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Ocmulgee Electric Member Corp Effective date: 1999/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: 175W Type -'MV-Open', kWh-70 Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Corporation's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Corporation, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance. Source or reference: ISU Documentation

495

Data:7e93c11b-775f-465e-9235-9ddca638a215 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1b-775f-465e-9235-9ddca638a215 1b-775f-465e-9235-9ddca638a215 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Colquitt Electric Membership Corp Effective date: 1993/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: 150W Existing HPS-Cobra, OVERHEAD WIRING, Wood Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Additional $1.50 will be charged for mounted on 30 foot wood pole Applicability

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Data:245bd7d1-d33d-4993-aba9-822ff9f1fdfc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-d33d-4993-aba9-822ff9f1fdfc -d33d-4993-aba9-822ff9f1fdfc No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jefferson Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2010/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: STREET LIGHTING SERVICE ( 250W HPS - Cobrahead ) Sector: Lighting Description: Additional fees for poles and transformers may apply Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast operated vapor lamp fixtures, either high pressure sodium (HPS) or metal halide (MH), and poles conforming to Cooperative specifications. Applicability Demand (kW)

497

Data:2ad15865-12c2-4653-84ae-066309c5cd7a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5865-12c2-4653-84ae-066309c5cd7a 5865-12c2-4653-84ae-066309c5cd7a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mitchell Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE SL-14 SECURITY LIGHTING SERVICE L1 100 WATT WOOD POLE 8.00 Sector: Description: AVAILABILITY * Available in all territory served by the Cooperative and subject to the Cooperative's Service Rules and Regulations. APPLICABILITY * Applicable only to outdoor lighting by ballast-operated vapor lamp fixtures and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations accessible for maintenance.

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