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1

Hartland Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hartland Wind Farm Hartland Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Hartland Wind Farm Facility Hartland Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status Proposed Developer Denali Energy Inc./Montgomery Energy Partners LP Location Ward ND Coordinates 48.556661°, -101.7777865° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.556661,"lon":-101.7777865,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

2

Magpie | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magpie Magpie Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Magpie Name Magpie Address 12050 N Pecos Street, Suite 210 Place Denver, CO Zip 80234 Sector Services Product Customer Software Development Services for Independent Software Vendors, System Integrators and their clients. Year founded 2001 Number of employees 51-200 Phone number 303 453 8380 Website http://www.magpieti.com/smart- Coordinates 39.9149815°, -105.0060959° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.9149815,"lon":-105.0060959,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

3

Feasibility of determination of low-head hydroelectric power development at existing sites: North Hartland Dam Project. Feasibility report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The feasibility of constructing a low-head hydroelectric power plant at the North Hartland Dam in Vermont was investigated. Evaluation of technical, economic, environmental, safety, and regulatory aspects led to the conclusion that the North Hartland Dam Hydroelectric Project is a technically feasible concept. The proposed project will have a recommended 6000 kW nominally rated capacity at a 52 ft turbine design head and 1680 cfs demand flow. The gross generation expected from the project is 11,980,000 kWh per year. It is estimated that the project will cost $8,997,000 at 1978 price levels, with no allowance for funds during construction. The project will provide peaking power at a levelized cost of about 41 mills per kWh at 1979 price levels, based on 7% cost of money, a 1985 commissioning date, and allowing for funds during construction and cost escalation over a 30 y period. The benefit-cost ratio compared with an equivalent oil-based generation source over a similar period is estimated as 1.06. (LCL)

None

1979-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

14th LAC Congress Abstracts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstracts from the 2011 Latin American Congress 14th LAC Congress Abstracts 14th AOCS Latin American Congress and Exhibition on Fats and Oils Resumenes/Abstracts Resumenes aparecen en el mismo idioma de la presentacin....

5

The Coronae of AR Lac  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We observed the coronally active eclipsing binary AR Lac with the High Energy Transmission Grating on Chandra for a total of 97 ks, spaced over five orbits, at quadratures and conjunctions. Contemporaneous and simultaneous ...

Huenemoerder, David P.

6

Comments of Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Comments of Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Comments of Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative on Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the...

7

UNDP-Dominican Republic Regional Programme for LAC - Support...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programme for LAC - Support for the preparation of the National Climate Change Policy Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Dominican Republic Regional Programme for LAC -...

8

Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative (Redirected from Mille Lacs Electric Coop) Jump to: navigation, search Name Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Place Minnesota Utility Id 12546 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Dual Fuel Space Heating Rate Electric Combination Heating Rate Freedom Heating Rate Residential General Service Residential Green Power Energy Large Power Commercial Large Power - Industrial Industrial Light - 100 watt HPS Lighting Light - 150 watt HPS Lighting

9

E CO LAC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CO LAC CO LAC Jump to: navigation, search Name E&CO LAC Place Bloomfield, New York Zip NJ 07003 Sector Services Product E&Co is an independent non-profit organization which provids enterprise development services to sustainable energy projects. Coordinates 42.5454°, -88.365089° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.5454,"lon":-88.365089,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

10

Ward Co. Dunn Co. McLean Co. McHenry Co. Mountrail Co. McKenzie Co.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

WHISKEY JOE WHISKEY JOE WHITE ASH SPRING COULEE DES LACS MAGPIE HARTLAND BEICEGEL CREEK RANCH COULEE WINNER CRAZY MAN CREEK GROS VENTRE BANK W BULLSNAKE UPLAND COULEE REFUGE LARSON GARNET ALKALI CREEK PLUMER RATTLESNAKE POINT ELLSWORTH CHURCH BORDER HANSON GROVER HULSE COULEE SAKAKAWEA AURELIA ROUND TOP BUTTE GORHAM BUTTE W MARMON MANITOU SHEALEY CLAYTON SERGIS N SADDLE BUTTE HAYLAND CEDAR COULEE BOWLINE LITTLE BUTTE LONG CREEK RHOADES HEDBERG FILLMORE EIDSVOLD FAIRFIELD WOLF BAY TOBACCO GARDEN N SPRING VALLEY ARNEGARD STAFFORD RICHBURG PRESCOTT BULL MOOSE S PASSPORT PHELPS BAY STAMPEDE BIG GULCH BLACKTAIL WESTHOPE WESTBERG DRY CREEK BEARS TAIL MINNESOTA ANTELOPE CREEK BLUE RIDGE NEWBURG E GRASSLAND NORTHGATE PLEASANT S SANDROCKS EAGLE NEST BEAR BUTTE DOLLAR JOE BIG MEADOW BARTA CHARLIE BOB HEART BUTTE RPD_MCKENZIECO_2 VALLEY ROAD GREAT NORTHERN

11

Regional Programme for LAC - Support for the preparation of National...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

preparation of National Climate Change Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Argentina Regional Programme for LAC - Support for the preparation of National Climate Change...

12

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Report | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » LAC Regional Platform Workshop Report Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us LAC Workshop Announcement Agenda Participant Package Accommodations Location & Transportation Insurance & Visas Participants Presentations Outcomes Report Links Contact Us LAC LEDS Report Document Title LAC LEDS workshop report - Final (revised 2 Jan 2013).pdf Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) Low Emissions Development Strategies (LEDS) Report Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site.

13

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Presentations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Presentations LAC Regional Platform Workshop Presentations Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us LAC Workshop Announcement Agenda Participant Package Accommodations Location & Transportation Insurance & Visas Participants Presentations Outcomes Report Links Contact Us Introductory Remarks: LAC Regional Platform and Workshop and the LEDS GP Session Document Title LEDS GP slides for LAC Event.pdf LEDS GP Slides Interactive Session 1: Planning and Sustaining a LEDS Process Document Title Fernando Farias - 1aChilev1.pdf Making the Case for LEDS and Building Political Support: Chile on Engaging Ministries and Political Leaders Lupe Guinand - 2012 11 06 PlanCC Apoyo Político VA (2)rev.pdf Planning for Climate Change Project (PlanCC) - Promoviendo Estrategias de Desarrollo Bajas en Carbono (LEDS) en el Perú

14

Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Place Minnesota Utility Id 12546 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Dual Fuel Space Heating Rate Electric Combination Heating Rate Freedom Heating Rate Residential General Service Residential Green Power Energy Large Power Commercial Large Power - Industrial Industrial Light - 100 watt HPS Lighting Light - 150 watt HPS Lighting Off-Peak Energy Rate Residential Peak Shave Water Heating Rate Residential

15

UNDP-Costa Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for transport and agriculture Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Costa Rica Regional Programme for LAC -...

16

Original Article Gastrointestinal Helminths of Magpies (Pica pica), Rooks (Corvus frugilegus) and Carrion Crows (Corvus corone) in Mazandaran Province, North of Iran  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: Corvidae is a cosmopolitan family of oscine birds including crows, rooks, magpies, jays, chough, and ravens. These birds are migratory species, especially in the shortage of foods, so they can act like vectors for a wide range of microorganisms. They live generally in temperate climates and in a very close contact with human residential areas as well as poultry farms. There is no available information in the literature concerning the parasitic infections of these three species of corvidae in Mazandaran Province, northern Iran, so this study was conducted to clarify this. Methods: As there are three species of corvid birds in Mazandaran Province, 106 birds including 79 magpies, 11 rooks, and 16 carrion crows were examined between winter 2007 and spring 2008 at post mortem for gastrointestinal helminths. The helminths were drawn and identified morphologically in the

Iranian J Parasitol; A Halajian; A Eslami; I Mobedi; O Amin; J Mariaux; J Mansoori; S Tavakol

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Lac Courte Oreilles Energy Analysis Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Lac Courte Oreilles Tribe applied for first step funding in 2007 and was awarded in October of that year. We wanted to perform an audit to begin fulfilling two commitments we made to our membership and resolutions that we adopted. One was the Kyoto Protocol and reduce our carbon emissions by 25% and to produce 25% of our energy by sustainable means. To complete these goals we needed to begin with first assessing what our carbon emissions are and begin taking the steps to conserve on the energy we currently use. The First Step Grant gave us the opportunity to do this. Upon funding the Energy Project was formed under the umbrella of the LCO Public Works Department and Denise Johnson was hired as the coordinator. She quickly began fulfilling the objectives of the project. Denise began by contact the LCO College and hiring interns who were able to go to each Tribal entity and perform line logging to read and document the energy used for each electrical appliance. Data was also gathered for one full year from each entity for all their utility bills (gasoline, electric, natural gas, fuel oil, etc.). Relationships were formed with the Green Team and other Green Committees in the area that could assist us in this undertaking. The Energy Task Force was of great assistance as well recommending other committees and guidance to completing our project. The data was gathered, compiled and placed into spreadsheets that would be understandable for anyone who didn't have a background in Renewable Resources. While gathering the data Denise was also looking for ways to conserve energy usage, policies changes to implement and any possible viable renewable energy resources. Changes in the social behaviors of our members and employees will require further education by workshops, energy fairs, etc.. This will be looked into and done in coordination with our schools. The renewable resources seem most feasible are wind resources as well as Bio Mass both of which need further assessment and funding to do so will be sought. While we already are in ownership of a Hydro Dam it is currently not functioning to its full capacity we are seeking operation and maintenance firm proposals and funding sources. One of our biggest accomplishment this project gave us was our total Carbon Emissions 9989.45 tons, this will be the number that we will use to base our reductions from. It will help us achieve our goals we have set for ourselves in achieving the Kyoto Protocol and saving our Earth for our future generations. Another major accomplishment and lesson learned is we need to educate ourselves and our people on how to conserve energy to both impact the environment and our own budgets. The Lac Courte Oreilles (LCO) Energy Analysis Project will perform an energy audit to gather information on the Tribe's energy usage and determine the carbon emissions. By performing the audit we will be able to identify areas where conservation efforts are most viable and recommend policies that can be implemented. These steps will enable LCO to begin achieving the goals that have been set by the Tribal Governing Board and adopted through resolutions. The goals are to reduce emissions by 25% and to produce 25% of its energy using sustainable sources. The project objectives were very definitive to assist the Tribe in achieving its goals; reducing carbon emissions and obtaining a sustainable source of energy. The following were the outlined objectives: (1) Coordinate LCO's current and future conservation and renewable energy projects; (2) Establish working relationships with outside entities to share information and collaborate on future projects; (3) Complete energy audit and analyze LCO's energy load and carbon emissions; (4) Identify policy changes, education programs and conservation efforts which are appropriate for the LCO Reservation; and (5) Create a plan to identify the most cost effective renewable energy options for LCO.

Leslie Isham; Denise Johnson

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

File:(131112) Presentacion LAC LEDs.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

131112) Presentacion LAC LEDs.pdf 131112) Presentacion LAC LEDs.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:(131112) Presentacion LAC LEDs.pdf Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels. Go to page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Go! next page → next page → Full resolution ‎(1,500 × 1,125 pixels, file size: 775 KB, MIME type: application/pdf, 10 pages) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 14:15, 12 December 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 14:15, 12 December 2012 1,500 × 1,125, 10 pages (775 KB) Gjones (Talk | contribs) You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup instructions for more information) File usage The following page links to this file:

19

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Links | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Links LAC Regional Platform Workshop Links Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us LAC Workshop Announcement Agenda Participant Package Accommodations Location & Transportation Insurance & Visas Participants Presentations Outcomes Report Links Contact Us One Page Event Summary (August 16, 2012) LEDS GP LA Regional Platform Launch Event 1 pager (81612)13.pdf }} Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site. Like Wikipedia, it is a "wiki" or website developed collaboratively by a community of users. Thanks to our unique relationship with OpenEI.org, you can add or edit most content on ledsgp.org. For more information about this

20

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Contact Us | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » LAC Regional Platform Workshop Contact Us Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us LAC Workshop Announcement Agenda Participant Package Accommodations Location & Transportation Insurance & Visas Participants Presentations Outcomes Report Links Contact Us For any questions regarding the LAC Regional Platform Workshop, please contact the LEDS GP Secretariat: Caroline Uriarte caroline.uriarte@nrel.gov Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lacs magpie hartland" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Lac qui Parle Valley School Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Farm Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Lac qui Parle Valley School Wind Farm Facility Lac qui Parle Valley School Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Energy Purchaser Lac qui Parle Valley School Location Madison MN Coordinates 45.073288°, -96.056312° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.073288,"lon":-96.056312,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

22

Understanding BL Lac objects Structural & kinematic mode changes in the BL Lac object PKS 0735+178  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context. We present evidence that parsec-scale jets in BL Lac objects may be significantly distinct in kinematics from their counterparts in quasars. We argued this previously for the BL lac sources 1803+784 and 0716+714, report here a similar pattern for another well-known BL Lac object, PKS 0735+178, whose nuclear jet is found to exhibit kinematics atypical of quasars. Aims. A detailed study of the jet components' motion reveals that the standard AGN paradigm of apparent superluminal motion does not always describe the kinematics in BL Lac objects. We study 0735+178 here to augment and improve the understanding of the peculiar motions in the jets of BL Lac objects as a class. Methods. We analyzed 15 GHz VLBA (Very Long Baseline Array) observations (2cm/MOJAVE survey) performed at 23 epochs between 1995.27 and 2008.91. Results. We found a drastic structural mode change in the VLBI jet of 0735+178, between 2000.4 and 2001.8 when its twice sharply bent trajectory turned into a linear shape.We further found tha...

Britzen, S; Gong, B P; Zhang, J W; Gopal-Krishna,; Goyal, Arti; Aller, M F; Aller, H D; Zensus, J A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Agenda | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » LAC Regional Platform Workshop Agenda Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us LAC Workshop Announcement Agenda Participant Package Accommodations Location & Transportation Insurance & Visas Participants Presentations Outcomes Report Links Contact Us Agenda Document Title Programme Overview.pdf Programme Overview (1 November 2012) LA workshop 2 pager (91812)1.pdf Overview Agenda (English) (26 September 2012) LA workshop 2 pager (91812)trad.pdf Overview Agenda (Español) (26 September 2012)

24

Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.7008379°, -88.2461183° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.7008379,"lon":-88.2461183,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

25

Mille Lacs County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mille Lacs County, Minnesota: Energy Resources Mille Lacs County, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 45.9228403°, -93.6218744° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.9228403,"lon":-93.6218744,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

26

Wind Resource Assessment Report: Mille Lacs Indian Reservation, Minnesota  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) launched the RE-Powering America's Land initiative to encourage development of renewable energy on potentially contaminated land and mine sites. EPA collaborated with the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the Mille Lacs Band of Chippewa Indians to evaluate the wind resource and examine the feasibility of a wind project at a contaminated site located on the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation in Minnesota. The wind monitoring effort involved the installation of a 60-m met tower and the collection of 18 months of wind data at multiple heights above the ground. This report focuses on the wind resource assessment, the estimated energy production of wind turbines, and an assessment of the economic feasibility of a potential wind project sited this site.

Jimenez, A. C.

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Hartland, Connecticut: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

96206°, -72.9795488° 96206°, -72.9795488° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.996206,"lon":-72.9795488,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

28

Hartland, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

008°, -88.3420398° 008°, -88.3420398° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.105008,"lon":-88.3420398,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

29

Hartland, Vermont: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

406265°, -72.3989804° 406265°, -72.3989804° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.5406265,"lon":-72.3989804,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

30

LAC Regional Platform Workshop General Information | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Information Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us LAC Workshop Announcement Agenda Participant Package Accommodations Location & Transportation Insurance & Visas Participants Presentations Outcomes Report Links Contact Us General Information (English) General information LEDS GP INCAE English-rev FINAL.pdf Informacion General LEDS GP INCAE Espanol FINAL.pdf Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site. Like Wikipedia, it is a "wiki" or website developed collaboratively by a community of users. Thanks to our unique relationship with OpenEI.org, you can add or edit most content on ledsgp.org. For more information about this

31

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Participant Package | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Participant Package Participant Package Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us LAC Workshop Announcement Agenda Participant Package Accommodations Location & Transportation Insurance & Visas Participants Presentations Outcomes Report Links Contact Us General Information (Español) Participant Package.pdf Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site. Like Wikipedia, it is a "wiki" or website developed collaboratively by a community of users. Thanks to our unique relationship with OpenEI.org, you can add or edit most content on ledsgp.org. For more information about this unique collaboration, contact us. View or edit this page on OpenEI.org.

32

Sustaining the natural and economical resources of the Lac Courte Oreilles, Leslie Isham; Jason Weaver  

SciTech Connect

The Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians, located in northwest Wisconsin has developed a project, entitled Sustaining the Natural and Economic Resources of the LCO Ojibwe. This technical report is a summary of the project.

Isham, Leslie; Weaver, Jason

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

33

LEDSGP/about/Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform/LAC Regional  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LEDSGP/about/Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform/LAC Regional LEDSGP/about/Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform/LAC Regional Platform Workshop < LEDSGP‎ | about‎ | Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform(Redirected from LEDSGP/LAC Regional Platform Workshop) Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us LAC Workshop Announcement Agenda Participant Package Accommodations Location & Transportation Insurance & Visas Participants Presentations Outcomes Report Links Contact Us Low Emissions Development Strategies (LEDS) Latin American and Caribbean Regional Platform Workshop 12-14 November 2012 Alajuela, Costa Rica, INCAE Business School The workshop is an initiative of the LEDS Global Partnership

34

MI-TRIBE-LAC VIEUX DESERT BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MI-TRIBE-LAC VIEUX DESERT BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA MI-TRIBE-LAC VIEUX DESERT BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA INDIANS Location: Tribe MI-TRIBE-LAC VIEUX DESERT BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA INDIANS MI American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Lac Vieux Desert Tribe proposes to use funding to help with a current effort that is a collaboration of the Tribe with the Conservation Fund of Michigan, an effort that is funded by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation. The project will be conducting a feasibility study to determine the viability of using wood products from resources found on tribal lands. The study is dedicating a part of the effort to see the feasibility of providing a renewable energy source to the Tribe in the form of wood products and biomass fuels. NEPA

35

UNDP-Dominican Republic Regional Programme for LAC - Support for the  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominican Republic Regional Programme for LAC - Support for the Dominican Republic Regional Programme for LAC - Support for the preparation of the National Climate Change Policy Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Dominican Republic Regional Programme for LAC - Support for the preparation of the National Climate Change Policy Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector Climate Focus Area People and Policy Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country Dominican Republic Caribbean References UNDP - Latin America & the Caribbean[1] Contents 1 Program Overview 1.1 Program Focus 1.2 Environment and Sustainable Development 2 References Program Overview "Across Latin America and the Caribbean, UNDP helps countries build and share their own solutions to urgent development challenges, supporting

36

UNDP-Costa Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for transport and agriculture Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Costa Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for transport and agriculture Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Transportation Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country Costa Rica Central America References UNDP - Latin America & the Caribbean[1] Contents 1 Program Overview 1.1 Program Focus 1.2 Environment and Sustainable Development 2 References Program Overview "Across Latin America and the Caribbean, UNDP helps countries build and share their own solutions to urgent development challenges, supporting

37

Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for Transport and Agriculture Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Costa Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for transport and agriculture Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Transportation Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country Costa Rica Central America References UNDP - Latin America & the Caribbean[1] Contents 1 Program Overview 1.1 Program Focus 1.2 Environment and Sustainable Development 2 References Program Overview "Across Latin America and the Caribbean, UNDP helps countries build and share their own solutions to urgent development challenges, supporting

38

Dominican Republic-Regional Programme for LAC: Support for the Preparation  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominican Republic-Regional Programme for LAC: Support for the Preparation Dominican Republic-Regional Programme for LAC: Support for the Preparation of the National Climate Change Policy Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Dominican Republic Regional Programme for LAC - Support for the preparation of the National Climate Change Policy Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector Climate Focus Area People and Policy Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country Dominican Republic Caribbean References UNDP - Latin America & the Caribbean[1] Contents 1 Program Overview 1.1 Program Focus 1.2 Environment and Sustainable Development 2 References Program Overview "Across Latin America and the Caribbean, UNDP helps countries build and share their own solutions to urgent development challenges, supporting

39

LEDSGP/about/Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform/LAC Regional  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LEDSGP/about/Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform/LAC Regional LEDSGP/about/Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform/LAC Regional Platform Workshop < LEDSGP‎ | about‎ | Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us LAC Workshop Announcement Agenda Participant Package Accommodations Location & Transportation Insurance & Visas Participants Presentations Outcomes Report Links Contact Us Low Emissions Development Strategies (LEDS) Latin American and Caribbean Regional Platform Workshop 12-14 November 2012 Alajuela, Costa Rica, INCAE Business School The workshop is an initiative of the LEDS Global Partnership (http://openei.org/wiki/LEDSGP), founded to advance low emissions

40

Testing the FR I/BL Lac unifying model with HST observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations provide a novel way of testing unified models for FR I radio sources and BL Lac objects. The detection of extended dust discs in some radio galaxies provides information on their jet orientation. Given this, the strength of the compact nuclear sources of FR I and BL Lacs can be compared with model predictions. As a pilot project, we selected five radio galaxies which show extended nuclear discs in the HST images. The relative orientation of the projected radio-jets and of the extended nuclear discs indicates that they are not perpendicular, as the simplest geometrical model would suggest, but that they form an angle of ~ 20 - 40 degrees with the symmetry axis of the disc: a significant change of orientation occurs between the innermost AGN structure and the kpc-scale. Nevertheless, the discs appear to be useful indicators of the radio sources orientation since the angles formed by the disc axis and the jet with the line of sight differ by only ~ 10 - 20 degrees. At the center of each disc an unresolved nuclear source is present. We compared its luminosity with the optical core luminosity of BL Lacs selected for having similar host galaxy magnitude and extended radio luminosity. The BL Lac cores are between 2 E2 and 3 E5 times brighter than the corresponding radio galaxies ones. The FR I/BL Lac core luminosity ratio shows a suggestive correlation with the orientation of the radio galaxies with respect to the line of sight. The behavior of this ratio is quantitatively consistent with a scenario in which the emission in the FR I and BL Lac is dominated by the beamed radiation from a relativistic jet with Doppler factor ~ 5 - 10, thus supporting the basic features of the proposed unification schemes.

Alessandro Capetti; Annalisa Celotti

1998-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lacs magpie hartland" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A single mutation in the core domain of the lac repressor reduces leakiness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of allosteric control. Protein engineering has brought about LacI var- iants with altered inducibility: directed evolution yielded variants with 100-fold tighter affinity for IPTG that car- ried mutations in both the DNA and inducer binding domains [40... . Biochemistry 2008, 47:80588069. 39. Meinhardt S, Manley MW Jr, Becker NA, Hessman JA, Maher LJ 3rd, Swint-Kruse L: Novel insights from hybrid LacI/GalR proteins: family-wide functional attributes and biologically significant variation in transcription...

Gatti-Lafranconi, Pietro; Dijkman, Willem P; Devenish, Sean RA; Hollfelder, Florian

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

42

GBB GERSHMAN, BRICKNER & BRAnON, INC. 2735 Hartland Road  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and the proposed Toxic Concentration Leaching Procedure (TCLP) test developed for the Resource Conservation. The amount of heavy metal extracted during the EP and TCLP tests depends upon the buffering ability the way the laboratory technician performed the test. This has led to pressure on USEPA to develop a more

Columbia University

43

Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan discusses the current energy use on the Lac du Flambeau Reservation, the current status of the Tribe's energy program, as well as the issues and concerns with energy on the reservation. This plan also identifies and outlines energy opportunities, goals, and objectives for the Tribe to accomplish. The overall goal of this plan is to address the energy situation of the reservation in a holistic manner for the maximum benefit to the Tribe. This plan is an evolving document that will be re-evaluated as the Tribe's energy situation changes.

Bryan Hoover

2009-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

44

Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Strategic Energy Plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan discusses the current energy use on the Lac du Flambeau Reservation, the current status of the Tribe's energy program, as well as the issues and concerns with energy on the reservation. This plan also identifies and outlines energy opportunities, goals, and objectives for the Tribe to accomplish. The overall goal of this plan is to address the energy situation of the reservation in a holistic manner for the maximum benefit to the Tribe. This plan is an evolving document that will be re-evaluated as the Tribe's energy situation changes.

Bryan Hoover

2009-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

45

Parsec-scale Magnetic-Field Structures in HEAO-1 BL Lacs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present very long baseline interferometry polarization images of an X-ray selected sample of BL Lacertae objects belonging to the first High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO-1) and the ROSAT-Green Bank (RGB) surveys. These are primarily high-energy-peaked BL Lacs (HBLs) and exhibit core-jet radio morphologies on pc-scales. They show moderately polarized jet components, similar to those of low-energy-peaked BL Lacs (LBLs). The fractional polarization in the unresolved cores of the HBLs is, on average, lower than in the LBLs, while the fractional polarizations in the pc-scale jets of HBLs and LBLs are comparable. However a difference is observed in the orientation of the inferred jet magnetic fields -- while LBL jets are well-known to preferentially exhibit transverse magnetic fields, the HBL jets tend to display longitudinal magnetic fields. Although a `spine-sheath' jet velocity structure, along with larger viewing angles for HBLs could produce the observed magnetic field configuration, differences in ot...

Kharb, P; Shastri, P

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Parsec-scale Magnetic-Field Structures in HEAO-1 BL Lacs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present very long baseline interferometry polarization images of an X-ray selected sample of BL Lacertae objects belonging to the first High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO-1) and the ROSAT-Green Bank (RGB) surveys. These are primarily high-energy-peaked BL Lacs (HBLs) and exhibit core-jet radio morphologies on pc-scales. They show moderately polarized jet components, similar to those of low-energy-peaked BL Lacs (LBLs). The fractional polarization in the unresolved cores of the HBLs is, on average, lower than in the LBLs, while the fractional polarizations in the pc-scale jets of HBLs and LBLs are comparable. However a difference is observed in the orientation of the inferred jet magnetic fields -- while LBL jets are well-known to preferentially exhibit transverse magnetic fields, the HBL jets tend to display longitudinal magnetic fields. Although a `spine-sheath' jet velocity structure, along with larger viewing angles for HBLs could produce the observed magnetic field configuration, differences in other properties of LBLs and HBLs, such as their total radio power, cannot be fully reconciled with the different-angle scenario alone. Instead it appears that LBLs and HBLs differ intrinsically, perhaps in the spin rates of their central black holes.

P. Kharb; D. Gabuzda; P. Shastri

2007-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

47

A kpc-scale X-ray jet in the BL Lac source S5 2007+777  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

X-ray jets in AGN are commonly observed in FRII and FRI radio-galaxies, but rarely in BL Lacs, most probably due to their orientation close to the line of sight and the ensuing foreshortening effects. Only three BL Lacs are known so far to contain a kpc-scale X-ray jet. In this paper, we present the evidence for the existence of a fourth extended X-ray jet in the classical radio-selected source S5 2007+777, which for its hybrid FRI/II radio morphology has been classified as a HYMOR (HYbrid MOrphology Radio source). Our Chandra ACIS-S observations of this source revealed an X-ray counterpart to the 19"-long radio jet. Interestingly, the X-ray properties of the kpc-scale jet in S5 2007+777 are very similar to those observed in FRII jets. First, the X-ray morphology closely mirrors the radio one, with the X-rays being concentrated in the discrete radio knots. Second, the X-ray continuum of the jet/brightest knot is described by a very hard power law, with photon index Gamma_x~1, although the uncertainties are large. Third, the optical upper limit from archival HST data implies a concave radio-to-X-ray SED. If the X-ray emission is attributed to IC/CMB with equipartition, strong beaming (delta=13) is required, implying a very large scale (Mpc) jet. The beaming requirement can be somewhat relaxed assuming a magnetic field lower than equipartition. Alternatively, synchrotron emission from a second population of very high-energy electrons is viable. Comparison to other HYMOR jets detected with Chandra is discussed, as well as general implications for the origin of the FRI/II division.

Rita M. Sambruna; Davide Donato; C. C. Cheung; F. Tavecchio; L. Maraschi

2008-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

48

FUSE Observations of Interstellar and Intergalactic Absorption Toward the X-ray Bright BL Lac Object Mrk 421  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-quality Far-Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) observations at 20 km /s resolution of interstellar and intergalactic absorption from 910 to 1187 A are presented for the X-ray bright BL Lac object Mrk 421. In this study we consider the O VI absorption between -140 to 165 km /s and its relationship to the lower ionization absorption and to the strong absorption produced by O VII and O VIII at X-ray wavelengths. The O VI absorption extending from -140 to 60 km /s is associated with strong low ionization gas absorption and originates in the Galactic thick disk / halo. This O VI appears to be produced by a combination of processes, including conductive interfaces between warm and hot gas and possibly cooling Galactic Fountain gas and hot halo gas bubbles. The O VI absorption extending from 60 to 165 km /s has unusual ionization properties in that there is very little associated low ionization absorption, with the exception of C III. This absorption is not observed toward two foreground halo stars, implying that it occurs in gas more distant than 3.5 kpc from the Galactic disk. Over the 60 to 165 km/s velocity range, O VI and C III absorption have the same kinematic behavior. N(O VI)/N(C III) = 10+/-3 over the 60 to 120 km/s velocity range. Given the association of O VI with C III, it is unlikely that the high velocity O VI co-exists with the hotter gas responsible for the O VII and O VIII absorption. The O VI positive velocity absorption wing might be tracing cooler gas entrained in a hot Galactic Fountain outflow. The O VII and O VIII absorption observed by Chandra and XMM-Newton may trace the hot gas in a highly extended (~100 kpc) Galactic corona or hot gas in the Local Group.

B. D. Savage; B. P. Wakker; A. J. Fox; K. R. Sembach

2004-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

Lac La Belle, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belle, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Belle, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.1441716°, -88.5306554° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.1441716,"lon":-88.5306554,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

52

Lac qui Parle County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0562676°, -96.2006981° 0562676°, -96.2006981° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.0562676,"lon":-96.2006981,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

53

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Insurance & Visas | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Kirguizistn Kosovo Kuwait Lesotho Liberia * Lybia Lebanon Madagascar Malaysia Malawi Mali Morocco Mauritania Moldavia Mongolia Mozambique Namibia Nepal Nicaragua...

54

Wind Resource Assessment Report: Mille Lacs Indian Reservation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

under direction of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) under Interagency Agreement IAG-08-1719 and Task No....

55

Research and Innovation at Rutgers 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rattlesnake (Crotalus viridis), common raven (Corvus corax), black-billed magpie (Pica pica), loggerhead (Crotalus viridis), and other snake species. Nest predation significant cause of nest failure. American

Delgado, Mauricio

56

Pulsed Power Technology at Sandia National Laboratories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are some specific sites on Pulsed Power MAGPIE Pulsed Power Facility, Imperial College NIF Naval Research Laboratory, Plasma Physics Division Reviews of U.S. Fusion Policy UKAEA...

57

Discovery of Very High-Energy Gamma-Ray Radiation from the BL Lac 1ES 0806+524  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The high-frequency-peaked BL-Lacertae object \\objectname{1ES 0806+524}, at redshift z=0.138, was observed in the very-high-energy (VHE) gamma-ray regime by VERITAS between November 2006 and April 2008. These data encompass the two-, and three-telescope commissioning phases, as well as observations with the full four-telescope array. \\objectname{1ES 0806+524} is detected with a statistical significance of 6.3 standard deviations from 245 excess events. Little or no measurable variability on monthly time scales is found. The photon spectrum for the period November 2007 to April 2008 can be characterized by a power law with photon index $3.6 \\pm 1.0_{\\mathrm{stat}} \\pm 0.3_{\\mathrm{sys}}$ between $\\sim$300 GeV and $\\sim$700 GeV. The integral flux above 300 GeV is $(2.2\\pm0.5_{\\mathrm{stat}}\\pm0.4_{\\mathrm{sys}})\\times10^{-12}\\:\\mathrm{cm}^{2}\\:\\mathrm{s}^{-1}$ which corresponds to 1.8% of the Crab Nebula flux. Non contemporaneous multiwavelength observations are combined with the VHE data to produce a broadband spectral energy distribution that can be reasonably described using a synchrotron-self Compton model.

VERITAS Collaboration; V. Acciari; E. Aliu; T. Arlen; M. Bautista; M. Beilicke; W. Benbow; M. Bttcher; S. M. Bradbury; J. H. Buckley; V. Bugaev; Y. Butt; K. Byrum; A. Cannon; O. Celik; A. Cesarini; Y. C. Chow; L. Ciupik; P. Cogan; P. Colin; W. Cui; R. Dickherber; C. Duke; T. Ergin; A. Falcone; S. J. Fegan; J. P. Finley; G. Finnegan; P. Fortin; L. Fortson; A. Furniss; D. Gall; K. Gibbs; G. H. Gillanders; J. Grube; R. Guenette; G. Gyuk; D. Hanna; E. Hays; J. Holder; D. Horan; C. M. Hui; T. B. Humensky; A. Imran; P. Kaaret; N. Karlsson; M. Kertzman; D. Kieda; J. Kildea; A. Konopelko; H. Krawczynski; F. Krennrich; M. J. Lang; S. LeBohec; G. Maier; A. McCann; M. McCutcheon; J. Millis; P. Moriarty; R. Mukherjee; T. Nagai; R. A. Ong; A. N. Otte; D. Pandel; J. S. Perkins; D. Petry; M. Pohl; J. Quinn; K. Ragan; L. C. Reyes; P. T. Reynolds; E. Roache; J. Rose; M. Schroedter; G. H. Sembroski; A. W. Smith; D. Steele; S. P. Swordy; M. Theiling; J. A. Toner; L. Valcarcel; A. Varlotta; V. V. Vassiliev; R. G. Wagner; S. P. Wakely; J. E. Ward; T. C. Weekes; A. Weinstein; R. J. White; D. A. Williams; S. Wissel; M. Wood; B. Zitzer

2008-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

58

Building a geodatabase for mapping hydrogeological features and 3D modeling of groundwater systems: Application to the Saguenay-Lac-St.-Jean region, Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding and managing groundwater resources require the integration of a large amount of high-quality data from a variety of sources. Due to the limitations in accessing information related to groundwater and subsurface conditions, the gathering ... Keywords: Arc Hydro Groundwater, ArcGIS, Hydrogeology, Hydrostructural modeling, Spatial database

Romain Chesnaux; Mlanie Lambert; Julien Walter; Ugo Fillastre; Murray Hay; Alain Rouleau; Ral Daigneault; Annie Moisan; Denis Germaneau

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Implementing the National Broadband  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MILLE LACS ENERGY COOPERATIVE I. Introduction a. Identificationdescription of our company. Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative is a not-for-profit distribution cooperative serving parts...

60

Lightning Arrestor Connectors Production Readiness  

SciTech Connect

The Lightning Arrestor Connector (LAC), part M, presented opportunities to improve the processes used to fabricate LACs. The A## LACs were the first production LACs produced at the KCP, after the product was transferred from Pinnellas. The new LAC relied on the lessons learned from the A## LACs; however, additional improvements were needed to meet the required budget, yield, and schedule requirements. Improvement projects completed since 2001 include Hermetic Connector Sealing Improvement, Contact Assembly molding Improvement, development of a second vendor for LAC shells, general process improvement, tooling improvement, reduction of the LAC production cycle time, and documention of the LAC granule fabrication process. This report summarizes the accomplishments achieved in improving the LAC Production Readiness.

Marten, Steve; Linder, Kim; Emmons, Jim; Gomez, Antonio; Hasam, Dawud; Maurer, Michelle

2008-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lacs magpie hartland" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Upper Middle Mainstem Columbia River Subbasin Fish and Wildlife  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brown Bat Pied-billed Grebe Turkey Vulture Blue Grouse Black Bear Red-necked Grebe Gadwall Bobcat Black Brewer's Sparrow Black-billed Magpie Clark's Grebe Blue-winged Teal Brown-headed Cowbird Black-capped Chickadee Double-crested Cormorant Green-winged Teal #12;Shrubsteppe Riparian Wetlands Herbaceous Wetlands

62

Failure analysis of rutile sleeves in MC3080 lightning arrestor connectors.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this SAND Report is to document efforts in the extraction and failure analyses of sleeve-style Lightning Arrestor Connectors (LACs). Several MC3080 and MC3079 LACs were recovered from the field and tested as part of the Enhanced Surveillance Campaign. A portion of these LACs failed retesting. Terry Ernest (01733), the LAC Component Engineer, provided eleven MC3080 LACs for evaluation where four of the LACs failed IR/DCW and one failed FRB requirements. The extraction of rutile sleeves from failed LACs was required to determine the source of failure. Rutile sleeves associated with connector function failures were examined for cracks, debris as well as any other anomalies which could have caused the LAC to not function properly. Sleeves that failed FRB or that experienced high FRB exhibited high symmetry, smooth surface, long-flow amicon, and slightly over-sized inside diameter. LACs that failed DCW or IR requirements had rutile sleeves that exhibited breakdown tracks.

Kilgo, Alice C.; Monroe, Saundra L.; Watson, Chad Samuel; Ernest, Terry L.

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

CX-003491: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Fond du Lac Hydroelectric ProjectCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 08/17/2010Location(s): Fond du Lac, MinnesotaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

64

Universitatsbibliothek Heidelberg Plock 107-109 Postfach 105749  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Aufl. 2007 LA-C 21-23577 Allgemeine Musikpsychologie / hrsg. von Thomas H. Stoffer und Rolf Oerter mit der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie hrsg. von Carl F. Graumann ...) 2005 LA-C 21-5781::D:7. hrsg. von Joachim Funke. - Berlin ; Heidelberg : Spektrum Akademischer Verl. 6. Aufl. 2007 LA-C 21

Heermann, Dieter W.

65

ISSN 0103-9741 Monografias em Cincia da Computao  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dependente de aplica¸c~ao. 3.2.3 iManage iManage [8] consiste num framework para diagn´ostico e determina¸c~ao de problemas de desempenho, voltados particularmente para sistemas de grande escala. Para isto, iManage de mensagem; Magpie, Pinpoint, Cohen et al., iManage, R-Capriccio, ADD e Brodie et al. se aplicam

Endler, Markus

66

CX-001634: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Categorical Exclusion Determination 4: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001634: Categorical Exclusion Determination Meteorological Tower Installation Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwa Indian Reservation CX(s) Applied: B3.1, A9 Date: 04/08/2010 Location(s): County of Mille Lacs, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office This project is for the commissioning of a meteorological (met) tower to be installed at the Ledin Site, located on the west side of Lake Mille Lacs on the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwa Indian Reservation, City of Onamia, Township of Kathio, County of Mille Lacs, State of Minnesota. The site is to the west of the Mille Lacs wastewater treatment facility, which has a physical address of 43282 Timber Trail Rd, Onamia, MN 56359. The Ledin Site is a

67

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Program or Field Office: Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Project Title WI-TRIBE-LAC DU FLAMBEAU BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA INDIANS Location: Tribe WI-TRIBE-LAC DU FLAMBEAU BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA INDIANS WI American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians proposes to install an approximate 27-ton,

68

New York's 29th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

E CO LAC Ecovation Inc formerly AnAerobics First Wind (Formerly UPC Wind) (New York) Geotherm, Inc. LFG Technologies Smart Solar Inc Solar Sentry Corporation The Center...

69

CX-002687: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

du Lac County and Milwaukee County. Solar photovoltaic units with a capacity of 18.9 kilowatts will be installed on the Forest County Potawatomi Community Administrative Building...

70

Microsoft Word - FY13TYSP- KCP Document w comments incorporated...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

- Kirtland Operations KV - kilovolt LAC - Lightning Arrestor Connector LANL - Los Alamos National Laboratory LEED - Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design LEP - Life...

71

Step-by-Step Instructions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wood Dunn Marathon Rock Eau Claire Marinette Rusk Fond du Lac Marquette Sauk Windows Insulation Foundation Fenestration U-Factor Skylight U-Factor Glazed Fenestration SHGC Ceiling...

72

CX-006083: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006083: Categorical Exclusion Determination Ground Source Heat Pump Installation - Lac Qui Parle County Courthouse, Minnesota CX(s) Applied:...

73

Shock model description of the interaction radiation pulse in nested wire array z-pinches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bow shock structures are observed in a nested wire array z-pinch as ablation streams from the outer array pass the inner array. The jump in plasma conditions across these shocks results in an enhancement of snowplow emission from the imploding plasma piston. Results from a snowplow model modified to account for the shock jumps are discussed and compared to experimental data from MAGPIE. Magnetohydrodynamic simulations indicate that this is the primary heating mechanism responsible for the interaction pulse recorded on the Z generator, which is required for pulse shaping for inertial confinement fusion.

Ampleford, D. J.; Jennings, C. A.; Cuneo, M. E.; Sinars, D. B. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-1106 (United States); Lebedev, S. V.; Bland, S. N.; Hall, G. N.; Suzuki-Vidal, F.; Palmer, J. B. A.; Chittenden, J. P. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BW (United Kingdom); Bott, S. C. [Center for Energy Research, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

74

BL Lacertae Objects and the Extragalactic Gamma-Ray Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A tight correlation between gamma-ray and radio emission is found for a sample of BL Lacertae (BL Lac) objects detected by Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi) and the Energetic Gamma-Ray Experiment Telescope (EGRET). The gamma-ray emission of BL Lac objects exhibits strong variability, and the detection rate of gamma-ray BL Lac objects is low, which may be related to the gamma-ray duty cycle of BL Lac objects. We estimate the gamma-ray duty cycle ~ 0.11, for BL Lac objects detected by EGRET and Fermi. Using the empirical relation of gamma-ray emission with radio emission and the estimated gamma-ray duty cycle, we derive the gamma-ray luminosity function (LF) of BL Lac objects from their radio LF. Our derived gamma-ray LF of BL Lac objects can almost reproduce that calculated with the recently released Fermi bright active galactic nuclei (AGN) sample. We find that about 45% of the extragalactic diffuse gamma-ray background (EGRB) is contributed by BL Lac objects. Combining the estimate of the quasar contri...

Li, Fan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

CX-004608: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: Categorical Exclusion Determination 8: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004608: Categorical Exclusion Determination Chippewa Tribe of Minnesota on behalf of the Mille Lacs Band Renewable Energy Technologies on Government Buildings CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.1 Date: 01/08/2010 Location(s): Tower, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy The Mille Lacs Band of the Chippewa Tribe would utilize Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant funds to install renewable energy systems (three 1.2 kilowatt Windspire? vertical axis wind turbines and 2 solar paneling systems) on 4 government buildings on the reservation: ? Mille Lacs Band Tribal College, (wind) ? Nay Ah Shing Upper/Lower School (solar) ? Mille Lacs Band Community Center (wind) ? Department of Education Charter School (Pine Grove Leadership Academy) (solar/wind) Solar systems would be

76

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MN-TRIBE-MINNESOTA CHIPPEWA TRIBE (MILLE LACS BAND) MN-TRIBE-MINNESOTA CHIPPEWA TRIBE (MILLE LACS BAND) Location: Tribe MN-TRIBE- MINNESOTA CHIPPEWA TRIBE (MILLE LACS BAND) MN American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Descriptio The Minnesota Chippewa Tribe (Mille Lacs Band) proposes to install renewable energy systems on the new Head Start Facility consisting of two wind turbines (approximately 1.2 kW each) and an approximately 5.7 kW solar paneling, roof-mounted system. Conditions: None Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.1. B5.16, B5.18 *-For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, see Subpart D of 10 CFR10 21 This action would not: threaten a violation of applicable statutory, regulatory, or permit requirements for environment, safety, and health,

77

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11,722 results. Download CX-001634: Categorical Exclusion Determination Meteorological Tower Installation Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwa Indian Reservation CX(s) Applied: B3.1, A9...

78

Community-research collaboration between researchers and acupuncturists: Integrating a participatory research approach in a statewide survey of licensed acupuncturists in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kelley J. A National Job Analysis: Acupuncture and OrientalAcupuncture Collaborative Study, a job analysis of licensedStudy (the LAC Study)a job analysis of a representative

Kuo, Tony; Christensen, Rebekah; Gelberg, Lillian; Rubenstein, Lisa; Burke, Adam

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

I!OU!, RECIPIENT:NREL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and returned to NREL upon completion of the assessment. The Mille Lacs Band indicates thai no new permits are needed for the proposal, and there would no generation of air...

80

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Native American and Alaskan...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 8, 2010 CX-001634: Categorical Exclusion Determination Meteorological Tower Installation Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwa Indian Reservation CX(s) Applied: B3.1, A9 Date: 04082010...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lacs magpie hartland" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Native American and Alaskan...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determination Wisconsin-Tribe-Lac Du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01212011 Location(s): Wisconsin...

82

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestme...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 11, 2010 CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Wood Products Study CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 05112010...

83

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Native American and Alaskan...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 11, 2010 CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Wood Products Study CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 05112010...

84

High density growth of T7 expression strains with auto-induction option  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bacterial growth medium for promoting auto-induction of transcription of cloned DNA in cultures of bacterial cells grown batchwise is disclosed. The transcription is under the control of a lac repressor. Also disclosed is a bacterial growth medium for improving the production of a selenomethionine-containing protein or polypeptide in a bacterial cell, the protein or polypeptide being produced by recombinant DNA techniques from a lac or T7lac promoter, the bacterial cell encoding a vitamin B12-dependent homocysteine methylase. Finally, disclosed is a bacterial growth medium for suppressing auto-induction of expression in cultures of bacterial cells grown batchwise, said transcription being under the control of lac repressor.

Studier, F. William (Stony Brook, NY)

2010-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

85

UNIVERSIT? " - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

22 sept. 1999 ... ce titre. avec l'epitoge qui l'ac- compagne. a en effet ?t? d?cern? mercredi. ? .... world records for calculating Pi. In 1993, they established the.

86

A Bayesian Cloud Mask for Sea Surface Temperature Retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bayesian methods are used to develop a cloud mask classification algorithm for use in an operational sea surface temperature (SST) retrieval processing system for Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) local area coverage (LAC) ...

Michael J. Uddstrom; Warren R. Gray; Richard Murphy; Niles A. Oien; Talbot Murray

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Optically Selected BL Lacertae Candidates from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release Seven  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a sample of 723 optically selected BL Lac candidates from the SDSS DR7 spectroscopic database encompassing 8250 deg^2 of sky; our sample constitutes one of the largest uniform BL Lac samples yet derived. Each BL Lac candidate has a high-quality SDSS spectrum from which we determine spectroscopic redshifts for ~60% of the objects. Redshift lower limits are estimated for the remaining objects utilizing the lack of host galaxy flux contamination in their optical spectra; we find that objects lacking spectroscopic redshifts are likely at systematically higher redshifts. Approximately 80% of our BL Lac candidates match to a radio source in FIRST/NVSS, and ~40% match to a ROSAT X-ray source. The homogeneous multiwavelength coverage allows subdivision of the sample into 637 radio-loud BL Lac candidates and 86 weak-featured radio-quiet objects. The radio-loud objects broadly support the standard paradigm unifying BL Lac objects with beamed radio galaxies. We propose that the majority of the radio-quiet obj...

Plotkin, Richard M; Brandt, W N; Diamond-Stanic, A M; Fan, X; Hall, P B; Kimball, A E; Richmond, M W; Schneider, D P; Shemmer, O; Voges, W; York, D G; Bahcall, N A; Snedden, S; Bizyaev, D; Brewington, H; Malanushenko, V; Malanushenko, E; Oravetz, D; Pan, K; Simmonds, A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

NREL Energy DataBus/Partners | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » NREL Energy DataBus/Partners < NREL Energy DataBus Jump to: navigation, search Energy Databus Commercial Partners Buffalo.png Buffalo Software offers Databus Support and Maintenance contracts, Installation of Databus and also offers feature development for new custom databus features. We have some committers on the NREL Energy Databus project and can easily customize and help make the Energy Databus meet your company's needs. We also offer training on Databus as well as certification to ensure your devices work with Databus. Buffalo Software (303) 517-8902 Magpie.jpg

89

OPTICALLY SELECTED BL LACERTAE CANDIDATES FROM THE SLOAN DIGITAL SKY SURVEY DATA RELEASE SEVEN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a sample of 723 optically selected BL Lac candidates from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7 (SDSS DR7) spectroscopic database encompassing 8250 deg{sup 2} of sky; our sample constitutes one of the largest uniform BL Lac samples yet derived. Each BL Lac candidate has a high-quality SDSS spectrum from which we determine spectroscopic redshifts for {approx}60% of the objects. Redshift lower limits are estimated for the remaining objects utilizing the lack of host galaxy flux contamination in their optical spectra; we find that objects lacking spectroscopic redshifts are likely at systematically higher redshifts. Approximately 80% of our BL Lac candidates match to a radio source in FIRST/NVSS, and {approx}40% match to a ROSAT X-ray source. The homogeneous multiwavelength coverage allows subdivision of the sample into 637 radio-loud BL Lac candidates and 86 weak-featured radio-quiet objects. The radio-loud objects broadly support the standard paradigm unifying BL Lac objects with beamed radio galaxies. We propose that the majority of the radio-quiet objects may be lower-redshift (z < 2.2) analogs to high-redshift weak line quasars (i.e., active galactic nucleus with unusually anemic broad emission line regions). These would constitute the largest sample of such objects, being of similar size and complementary in redshift to the samples of high-redshift weak line quasars previously discovered by the SDSS. However, some fraction of the weak-featured radio-quiet objects may instead populate a rare and extreme radio-weak tail of the much larger radio-loud BL Lac population. Serendipitous discoveries of unusual white dwarfs, high-redshift weak line quasars, and broad absorption line quasars with extreme continuum dropoffs blueward of rest-frame 2800 A are also briefly described.

Plotkin, Richard M.; Anderson, Scott F.; Kimball, Amy E. [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, P.O. Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Brandt, W. N.; Schneider, Donald P. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Diamond-Stanic, Aleksandar M.; Fan Xiaohui [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Hall, Patrick B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3 (Canada); Richmond, Michael W. [Physics Department, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY 14623 (United States); Shemmer, Ohad [Department of Physics, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76203 (United States); Voges, Wolfgang [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse, Postfach 1312, D-85741 Garching (Germany); York, Donald G. [University of Chicago and the Fermi Institute, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Bahcall, Neta A. [Princeton University Observatory, Peyton Hall, Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Snedden, Stephanie; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Brewington, Howard; Malanushenko, Viktor; Malanushenko, Elena; Oravetz, Dan; Pan, Kaike [Apache Point Observatory, Sunspot, NM 88349 (United States)], E-mail: plotkin@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: anderson@astro.washington.edu (and others)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

Status  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 Department of Energy Identity, Credential, and Access Management (ICAM) Cyber Security Training Conference Tuesday, May 18, 2010 Office of the Chief Information Officer 2 Announcement * LACS Birds-of-a-Feather Session - Logistics * Wednesday, May 19, 2010 * 9:30 AM - 11:30 AM EST * Room A708 - Focus: LACS ONLY! * LACS implementation experiences, lessons, questions, challenges, etc - Everyone is welcome * Science Identity Federation (Risk Management Track) - Logistics * Tuesday, May 18, 2010 * 4:00 PM - 5:00 PM EST * Room A704 - Focus * Ties into NSF/NIH InCommon Federation * Federated identity solution for Level 1 authentication Office of the Chief Information Officer 3 Slight Change of Focus Credential Issuance Facility Office of the Chief Information Officer 4 Paradigm Shift

91

CX-005091: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

91: Categorical Exclusion Determination 91: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005091: Categorical Exclusion Determination Wisconsin-Tribe-Lac Du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/21/2011 Location(s): Wisconsin Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. The Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians proposes to install an approximate 27-ton, horizontal directional, closed-loop geothermal (ground-source heat pump) heating and cooling system for the Lac du Flambeau Tribal Natural Resources Complex. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-005091_0.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000095: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-00009

92

CX-004602: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: Categorical Exclusion Determination 2: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004602: Categorical Exclusion Determination Chippewa Tribe of Minnesota on behalf of the Fond du Lac Band Renewable Energy Technologies on Government Buildings CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.1 Date: 01/08/2010 Location(s): Tower, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy The Fond du Lac Band of the Chippewa Tribe would utilize Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant funds to install an 11 kilowatt photovoltaic system (approximately 54 205-Watt solar panels) on a planned Resource Management Building which would house the Fond du Lac Natural Resources Program, Environmental Program, Wildlife and Fisheries Program, the Forestry Program, and the Conservation Enforcement Program. There would also be a Tribal Court located in the building. The Band intends to apply

93

The use of cloned nif regulatory elements from Klebsiella pneumoniae to examine nif regulation in Azotobacter vinelandii  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regulatory genes controlling nifexpression and also nifpromoters fused to lacZ from Klebsiella pneumoniae were cloned on wide-host-range plasmids and introduced into Azotobacter vinelandii to compare regulation of nif expression in the two organisms. A low-copy-number plasmid carrying K. pneumoniae nijA corrected an A. vinelandii Nif- regulatory mutation, whereas a plasmid carrying ntrC did not. A high-copy-number plasmid carrying K. pneumoniae nifL eliminated nifexpression in K. pneumoniae but not in A. vinelandii. K. pneumoniae nifL- and nifF-lac2 fusions were expressed strongly in A. vinelandii and were not repressed by ammonium. A nifH-lac2 fusion was not expressed in any conditions in this background except very weakly when K. pneumoniae nifA was also present. The implications of these findings are discussed.

Kennedy; Martin H. Drummond

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

S A V A N N A H R I V E R S I T E  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Personnel at the Savannah River Site (SRS) have extensive ex- Personnel at the Savannah River Site (SRS) have extensive ex- perience in safely receiving and storing a wide variety of used nuclear fuel (UNF) assemblies from both domestic and foreign research reactors. Since 1964, SRS has received more than 2,300 casks containing over 45,900 UNF assemblies. Since 1996, the L Area Complex (LAC) has received about 10,400 UNF assemblies in 506 casks from off-site sources. Fuel types include high and low enriched uranium used fuel. LAC has received and handled about 10 different UNF transportation casks weighing up to 65,000 pounds. LAC also made about 360 on-site used fuel casks transfers during this time. L Area Underwater storage facilities, called disassembly basins, were located in all five SRS production reactor areas. These facilities were designed to store UNF and

95

UNIVERSIT PAUL CZANNE AIX-MARSEILLE III N attribu par la bibliothque  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(LAC en français, Basic Oxygen Furnace slag (BOF slag) en anglais) qui surnage au dessus du bain d SESAR (SteEl Slag roAd and enviRonment) (25) dont le but était l'élaboration d'une approche rationnelle

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

96

Polar Cloud and Surface Classification Using AVHRR Imagery: An Intercomparison of Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Six Advanced Very High-Resolution Radiometer local area coverage (AVHPR LAC) arctic scenes are classified into ten classes. These include water, solid sea ice, broken sea ice, snow-covered mountains, snow-free land, and five cloud types. Three ...

R. M. Welch; S. K. Sengupta; A. K. Goroch; P. Rabindra; N. Rangaraj; M. S. Navar

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Let G be their greatest common divisor (gcd) - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the correctness of G ' is established by testing if G ' divides A and B. 3 ..... c o lu m ns w ou ld b e r ep lac ed by a sin gle c o lu m n o f c onst a nts . F o r t ha t ca...

98

L E T T E R S NATURE CELL BIOLOGY VOLUME 6 | NUMBER 5 | MAY 2004 451  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

range10. rtTA in the presence of doxycycline activates the expression of the reporter gene, lac following rapid changes in the oscillatory input; therefore induction of -galactosidase by doxycyclineZ integration was used, which allows for an extended range of amplification13. Upon addition of doxycycline

van Oudenaarden, Alexander

99

L-Area Reactor - 1993 annual - groundwater monitoring report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Groundwater was sampled and analyzed during 1993 from wells monitoring the water table at the following locations in L Area: the L-Area Acid/Caustic Basin (four LAC wells), L-Area Research Wells in the southern portion of the area (outside the fence; three LAW wells), the L-Area Oil and Chemical Basin (four LCO wells), the L-Area Disassembly Basin (two LDB wells), the L-Area Burning/Rubble Pit (four LRP wells), and the L-Area Seepage Basin (four LSB wells). During 1993, tetrachloroethylene was detected above its drinking water standard (DWS) in the LAC, LAW, LCO, and LDB well series. Lead exceeded its 50 {mu}g/L standard in the LAW, LDB, and LRP series, and tritium was above its DWS in the LAW, LCO, and LSB series. Apparently anomalous elevated levels of the common laboratory contaminant bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate were reported during first quarter in one well each in the LAC series and LCO series, and during third quarter in a different LCO well. Extensive radionuclide analyses were performed during 1993 in the LAC, LAW, and LCO well series. No radionuclides other than tritium were reported above DWS or Flag 2 criteria.

Chase, J.A.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Coarse-Grained Model of Entropic Allostery Rhoda J. Hawkins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the presence of inducer ligands, small molecules which themselves bind to the protein at a site distant from. In allosteric re- pressor proteins the ligand binding site is distant from that of the DNA. For this reason but the lac and the trp will act as representative cases for this Letter. Our challenge is to explore whether

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lacs magpie hartland" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Main Document (Chapter 7) | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

2010a LAC 2010b LACBPU 2010 LADPU 2010a LADPU 2010b LADPU 2011a LADPU 2011b LADPW 2011 LANL 1998 LANL 2000a LANL 2000b LANL 2000 LANL 2003 LANL 2004 LANL 2005 LANL 2006a LANL...

102

Broad-line and Multi-wave Band Emission from Blazars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the correlations of the flux of the broad-line emission ($F_{BLR}$) with the X-ray emission flux, optical emission flux at 5500 \\AA and radio emission flux at 5 GHz, respectively, for a large sample of 50 Blazars (39 flat-spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs) and 11 BL Lac objects). Our main results are as follows. There are very strong correlations between $F_{BLR}$ and $F_{X}$ and between $L_{BLR}$ and $L_{X}$ in both states for 39 FSRQs and the slopes of the linear regression equations are almost equal to 1. There are weak correlations between $F_{BLR}$ and $F_{X}$ and between $L_{BLR}$ and $L_{X}$ for 11 BL Lac objects in both states, and the slopes of the linear regression equations are close to 1. There are significant correlations between $F_{BLR}$ and $F_{X}$ and between $L_{BLR}$ and $L_{X}$ for 50 blazars in both states, the slopes of both the linear regression equations are also close to 1. These results support a close link between relativistic jets and accretion on to the central Kerr black hole. On the other hand, we find that BL Lac objects have low accretion efficiency $\\eta$, whereas FSRQs have high accretion efficiency $\\eta$. The unified model of FSRQs and BL Lac objects is also discussed.

T. F. Yi; G. Z. Xie

2008-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

103

RADIATION MECHANISM AND JET COMPOSITION OF GAMMA-RAY BURSTS AND GeV-TeV-SELECTED RADIO-LOUD ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and GeV-TeV-selected radio-loud active galactic nuclei (AGNs) are compared based on our systematic modeling of the observed spectral energy distributions of a sample of AGNs with a single-zone leptonic model. We show that the correlation between the jet power (P{sub jet}) and the prompt gamma-ray luminosity (L{sub jet}) of GRBs is consistent, within the uncertainties, with the correlation between jet power and the synchrotron peak luminosity (L{sub s,jet}) of flat spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs). Their radiation efficiencies ({epsilon}) are also comparable (>10% for most sources), which increase with the bolometric jet luminosity (L{sub bol,jet}) for FSRQs and with the L{sub jet} for GRBs with similar power-law indices. BL Lac objects (BL Lacs) do not follow the P{sub jet}-L{sub s,jet} relation of FSRQs. They have lower {epsilon} and L{sub bol,jet} values than FSRQs, and a tentative L{sub bol,jet}-{epsilon} relation is also found, with a power-law index different from that of the FSRQs. The magnetization parameters ({sigma}) of FSRQs are on average larger than that of BL Lacs. They are anti-correlated with {epsilon} for the FSRQs, but positively correlated with {epsilon} for the BL Lacs. GeV narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies potentially share similar properties with FSRQs. Based on the analogy between GRBs and FSRQs, we suggest that the prompt gamma-ray emission of GRBs is likely produced by the synchrotron process in a magnetized jet with high radiation efficiency, similar to FSRQs. The jets of BL Lacs, on the other hand, are less efficient and are likely more matter-dominated.

Zhang Jin; Lu Ye; Zhang Shuangnan [National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China); Liang Enwei; Sun Xiaona [Department of Physics and GXU-NAOC Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004 (China); Zhang Bing, E-mail: lew@gxu.edu.cn [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89154 (United States)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Summary Statistics for Fun Dough Data Acquired at LLNL  

SciTech Connect

Using x-ray computerized tomography (CT), we have characterized the x-ray linear attenuation coefficients (LAC) of a Play Dough{trademark}-like product, Fun Dough{trademark}, designated as PD. Table 1 gives the first-order statistics for each of four CT measurements, estimated with a Gaussian kernel density estimator (KDE) analysis. The mean values of the LAC range from a high of about 2100 LMHU{sub D} at 100kVp to a low of about 1100 LMHU{sub D} at 300kVp. The standard deviation of each measurement is around 1% of the mean. The entropy covers the range from 3.9 to 4.6. Ordinarily, we would model the LAC of the material and compare the modeled values to the measured values. In this case, however, we did not have the composition of the material and therefore did not model the LAC. Using a method recently proposed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), we estimate the value of the effective atomic number, Z{sub eff}, to be near 8.5. LLNL prepared about 50mL of the Fun Dough{trademark} in a polypropylene vial and firmly compressed it immediately prior to the x-ray measurements. Still, layers can plainly be seen in the reconstructed images, indicating that the bulk density of the material in the container is affected by voids and bubbles. We used the computer program IMGREC to reconstruct the CT images. The values of the key parameters used in the data capture and image reconstruction are given in this report. Additional details may be found in the experimental SOP and a separate document. To characterize the statistical distribution of LAC values in each CT image, we first isolated an 80% central-core segment of volume elements ('voxels') lying completely within the specimen, away from the walls of the polypropylene vial. All of the voxels within this central core, including those comprised of voids and inclusions, are included in the statistics. We then calculated the mean value, standard deviation and entropy for (a) the four image segments and for (b) their digital gradient images. (A digital gradient image of a given image was obtained by taking the absolute value of the difference between the initial image and that same image offset by one voxel horizontally, parallel to the rows of the x-ray detector array.) The statistics of the initial image of LAC values are called 'first order statistics;' those of the gradient image, 'second order statistics.'

Kallman, J S; Morales, K E; Whipple, R E; Huber, R D; Brown, W D; Smith, J A; Schneberk, D J; Martz, Jr., H E; White, III, W T

2010-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

105

Summary Statistics for Homemade ?Play Dough? -- Data Acquired at LLNL  

SciTech Connect

Using x-ray computerized tomography (CT), we have characterized the x-ray linear attenuation coefficients (LAC) of a homemade Play Dough{trademark}-like material, designated as PDA. Table 1 gives the first-order statistics for each of four CT measurements, estimated with a Gaussian kernel density estimator (KDE) analysis. The mean values of the LAC range from a high of about 2700 LMHU{sub D} 100kVp to a low of about 1200 LMHUD at 300kVp. The standard deviation of each measurement is around 10% to 15% of the mean. The entropy covers the range from 6.0 to 7.4. Ordinarily, we would model the LAC of the material and compare the modeled values to the measured values. In this case, however, we did not have the detailed chemical composition of the material and therefore did not model the LAC. Using a method recently proposed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), we estimate the value of the effective atomic number, Z{sub eff}, to be near 10. LLNL prepared about 50mL of the homemade 'Play Dough' in a polypropylene vial and firmly compressed it immediately prior to the x-ray measurements. We used the computer program IMGREC to reconstruct the CT images. The values of the key parameters used in the data capture and image reconstruction are given in this report. Additional details may be found in the experimental SOP and a separate document. To characterize the statistical distribution of LAC values in each CT image, we first isolated an 80% central-core segment of volume elements ('voxels') lying completely within the specimen, away from the walls of the polypropylene vial. All of the voxels within this central core, including those comprised of voids and inclusions, are included in the statistics. We then calculated the mean value, standard deviation and entropy for (a) the four image segments and for (b) their digital gradient images. (A digital gradient image of a given image was obtained by taking the absolute value of the difference between the initial image and that same image offset by one voxel horizontally, parallel to the rows of the x-ray detector array.) The statistics of the initial image of LAC values are called 'first order statistics;' those of the gradient image, 'second order statistics.'

Kallman, J S; Morales, K E; Whipple, R E; Huber, R D; Martz, A; Brown, W D; Smith, J A; Schneberk, D J; Martz, Jr., H E; White, III, W T

2010-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

106

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.1 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2010 8, 2010 CX-003483: Categorical Exclusion Determination Minnesota - City - Bloomington CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B1.32, B5.1 Date: 08/18/2010 Location(s): Bloomington, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy August 18, 2010 CX-003481: Categorical Exclusion Determination California - City - Compton CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 08/18/2010 Location(s): Compton, California Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy August 17, 2010 CX-003491: Categorical Exclusion Determination Fond du Lac Hydroelectric Project CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 08/17/2010 Location(s): Fond du Lac, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office August 17, 2010 CX-003487: Categorical Exclusion Determination Recovery Act - State Energy Program

107

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determinations By Date | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7, 2010 7, 2010 CX-003491: Categorical Exclusion Determination Fond du Lac Hydroelectric Project CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 08/17/2010 Location(s): Fond du Lac, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office August 17, 2010 CX-003487: Categorical Exclusion Determination Recovery Act - State Energy Program CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 08/17/2010 Location(s): Dry Prong, Louisiana Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office August 17, 2010 CX-003484: Categorical Exclusion Determination Recovery Act - State Energy Program CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 08/17/2010 Location(s): Bossier City, Louisiana Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office August 17, 2010 CX-003486: Categorical Exclusion Determination

108

CX-007840: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: Categorical Exclusion Determination 0: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007840: Categorical Exclusion Determination Minnesota Chippewa Tribe (Mille Lacs Band) CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.1. B5.16, B5.18 Date: 01/23/2012 Location(s): Minnesota Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. The Minnesota Chippewa Tribe (Mille Lacs Band) proposes to install renewable energy systems on the new Head Start Facility consisting of two wind turbines (approximately 1.2 kilowatt (kW) each) and an approximately 5.7 kW solar paneling, roof-mounted system. U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form More Documents & Publications CX-004608: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009917: Categorical Exclusion Determination

109

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

tbe Cbippewa Tribe of MN on behalf of the Mille Lacs Band tbe Cbippewa Tribe of MN on behalf of the Mille Lacs Band Renewable Energy Technologies on Government Buildings The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Public Law 111 -5, appropriates funding for the Department of Energy (DOE) to issue/award formu la-based grants to states, U.S. territories, units oflocal government, and Indian tribes under the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program. DOE's authorization for this program is set forth in Title V, Subtitle E, of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of2007 . This ex determination is applicable to DOE elements reviewing and awarding formula- based and competitive grants under the EECBG Program, and includes, but is not limited to, EECBG Program activities under the purview of DOE-HQ Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, DOE Golden Field Office,

110

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Native American and Alaskan Native  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 8, 2010 April 8, 2010 CX-001634: Categorical Exclusion Determination Meteorological Tower Installation Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwa Indian Reservation CX(s) Applied: B3.1, A9 Date: 04/08/2010 Location(s): County of Mille Lacs, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office March 26, 2010 CX-006355: Categorical Exclusion Determination Oregon - Tribe - Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians of Oregon CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 Date: 03/26/2010 Location(s): Oregon Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy March 2, 2010 CX-004596: Categorical Exclusion Determination California- Tribe- Table Mountain Rancheria of California CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 03/02/2010 Location(s): California Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

111

CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

25: Categorical Exclusion Determination 25: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Wood Products Study CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. The Lac Vieux Desert Tribe proposes to use funding to help with a current effort that is a collaboration of the Tribe with the Conservation Fund of Michigan, an effort that is funded by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation. The project will be conducting a feasibility study to determine the viability of using wood products from resources found on tribal lands. The study is dedicating a part of the effort to see the feasibility of providing a renewable energy

112

More Weatherized Homes for Minnesota Tribe | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

More Weatherized Homes for Minnesota Tribe More Weatherized Homes for Minnesota Tribe More Weatherized Homes for Minnesota Tribe April 22, 2010 - 4:51pm Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Randy and Dorothy Pittman are cozy now, but for the first few winters in their new home at the Fond du Lac Reservation this was not the case. At first, the couple, who moved from muggy Alabama, thought they needed time to acclimate to the Minnesota cold. It turned out it was the two-story house they constructed that needed adjusting. "I had not built a house in the North," says Dorothy, a tribal member of the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, who takes partial blame for a drafty downstairs. "It's a whole different climate here." Everything changed last fall after a weatherization crew from Arrowhead

113

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Minnesota | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 20, 2010 April 20, 2010 CX-002525: Categorical Exclusion Determination Minnesota E85 Fueling Network Expansion CX(s) Applied: A1, A9 Date: 04/20/2010 Location(s): Saint Paul, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory April 9, 2010 CX-001651: Categorical Exclusion Determination Commercial and Industrial Building Energy Efficiency CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.1 Date: 04/09/2010 Location(s): Saint Paul, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office April 8, 2010 CX-001634: Categorical Exclusion Determination Meteorological Tower Installation Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwa Indian Reservation CX(s) Applied: B3.1, A9 Date: 04/08/2010 Location(s): County of Mille Lacs, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

114

CX-004607: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Categorical Exclusion Determination 7: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004607: Categorical Exclusion Determination Chippewa Tribe of Minnesota on behalf of the Mille Lacs Band Residential and Commercial Building Energy Audits CX(s) Applied: A9, B5.1 Date: 01/08/2010 Location(s): Tower, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. The Mille Lacs Band would hire a professional energy auditing firm (Sustainable Engineering Group LLC) to conduct energy audits of the main tribal government buildings in District I of the reservation: the Government Center (50,600 square feet), the Assisted Living Unit (33,000 square feet), and the Clinic (18,000 square feet). DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-004607.pdf More Documents & Publications

115

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fond du Lac Band Fond du Lac Band Renewable Energy Technologies on Government Buildings The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Public Law 111 -5, appropriates funding for the Department of Energy (DOE) to issue/award fonnula-based grants to states, U.S . territories, units of local government, and Indian tribes under the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program. DOE's authorization for this program is set forth in Title V, Subtitle E, of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of2007. This CX detennination is applicable to DOE elements reviewing and awarding fonnula- based and competitive grants under the EECBG Program, and includes, but is not limited to, EECBG Program activities under the purview of DOE-HQ Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, DOE Golden Field Office,

116

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

01 - 21510 of 28,905 results. 01 - 21510 of 28,905 results. Page Disposition Schedules The DOE Records Disposition Schedules provide the authority for the transfer, or disposal of records created and maintained by the Department of Energy. The Disposition Schedules, and the citations... http://energy.gov/cio/guidance/records-management/disposition-schedules Download CX-001634: Categorical Exclusion Determination Meteorological Tower Installation Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwa Indian Reservation CX(s) Applied: B3.1, A9 Date: 04/08/2010 Location(s): County of Mille Lacs, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-001634-categorical-exclusion-determination Page Communication & Engagement EM provides clear, timely, and consistent communication on the mission and

117

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B3.1 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 8, 2010 April 8, 2010 CX-001640: Categorical Exclusion Determination Geophysical and Seismic Investigations at the Shoal, Nevada Site CX(s) Applied: B3.1 Date: 04/08/2010 Location(s): Shoal, Nevada Office(s): Legacy Management April 8, 2010 CX-001634: Categorical Exclusion Determination Meteorological Tower Installation Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwa Indian Reservation CX(s) Applied: B3.1, A9 Date: 04/08/2010 Location(s): County of Mille Lacs, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office April 8, 2010 CX-001600: Categorical Exclusion Determination Aerial Photography of Solar Parabolic Trough Field at Abengoa Research Facilities, Lakewood, Colorado CX(s) Applied: B3.1, B3.6 Date: 04/08/2010 Location(s): Lakewood, Colorado Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

118

More Weatherized Homes for Minnesota Tribe | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

More Weatherized Homes for Minnesota Tribe More Weatherized Homes for Minnesota Tribe More Weatherized Homes for Minnesota Tribe April 22, 2010 - 4:51pm Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Randy and Dorothy Pittman are cozy now, but for the first few winters in their new home at the Fond du Lac Reservation this was not the case. At first, the couple, who moved from muggy Alabama, thought they needed time to acclimate to the Minnesota cold. It turned out it was the two-story house they constructed that needed adjusting. "I had not built a house in the North," says Dorothy, a tribal member of the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, who takes partial blame for a drafty downstairs. "It's a whole different climate here." Everything changed last fall after a weatherization crew from Arrowhead

119

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

71 - 1980 of 8,172 results. 71 - 1980 of 8,172 results. Download CX-004608: Categorical Exclusion Determination Chippewa Tribe of Minnesota on behalf of the Mille Lacs Band Renewable Energy Technologies on Government Buildings CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.1 Date: 01/08/2010 Location(s): Tower, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-004608-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-004607: Categorical Exclusion Determination Chippewa Tribe of Minnesota on behalf of the Mille Lacs Band Residential and Commercial Building Energy Audits CX(s) Applied: A9, B5.1 Date: 01/08/2010 Location(s): Tower, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-004607-categorical-exclusion-determination

120

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mille Lacs Band Mille Lacs Band Residential and Commercial Building Energy Audits The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Public Law 111-5, appropriates funding for the Department of Energy (DOE) to issue/award formula-based grants to states, U.S . territories, units of local government, and Indian tribes under the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program. DOE's authorization for this program is set forth in Title V, Subtitle E, of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of2007. This CX detennination is applicable to DOE elements reviewing and awarding fonnula- based and competitive grants under the EECBG Program, and includes, but is not litllited to, EECBG Program activities under the purview of DOE-HQ Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, DOE Golden Field Office

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121

Phase-space methods in nuclear reactions around the Fermi energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some prescriptions for in-medium complex particle production in nuclear reactions are proposed. They have been implemented in two models to simulate nucleon-nucleus (nIPSE) and nucleus-nucleus (HIPSE) reactions around the Fermi energy \\cite{Lac04,Lac05}. Our work emphasizes the effect of randomness in cluster formation, the importance of the nucleonic Fermi motion as well as the role of conservation laws. The key role of the phase-space exploration before and after secondary decay is underlined. This is illustrated in the case of two debated issues: the memory loss of the entrance channel in central collisions and the $(N,Z)$ partitions after the pre-equilibrium stage.

Denis Lacroix; Dominique Durand; Gregory Lehaut; Olivier Lopez; Emmanuel Vient

2006-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

122

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

81 - 23690 of 28,560 results. 81 - 23690 of 28,560 results. Article Department of Energy Announces 15 Projects Aimed at Secure CO2 Underground Storage More than 1,100 years of CO2 storage potential in Geologic Formations http://energy.gov/articles/department-energy-announces-15-projects-aimed-secure-co2-underground-storage Download Comments of Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/comments-mille-lacs-energy-cooperative Download WC_1995_014_CHANGING_ADVANCED_WAIVER_WA_1995-001_TO_CLASS_WA.pdf http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/wc1995014changingadvancedwaiverwa1995-001toclasswapdf Download Secretary Steven Chu's Remarks as Prepared for Delivery to the DOE Tribal Summit Secretary Steven Chu spoke to the DOE Tribal Summit about the creation of the Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs.

123

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 10440 of 28,905 results. 31 - 10440 of 28,905 results. Download FIA-13-0059- In the Matter of Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council On November 25, 2013, the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) issued a decision denying an appeal (Appeal) from a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) determination issued by the Department of Energy... http://energy.gov/oha/downloads/fia-13-0059-matter-hanford-atomic-metals-trades-council Download Acrobat PDFMaker 5.0 http://energy.gov/cio/downloads/acrobat-pdfmaker-50 Download Comments of Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/comments-mille-lacs-energy-cooperative Download PTS 13.1 Radioactive And Hazardous Material Transportation 4/13/00 The objective of this surveillance is to evaluate the effectiveness of the contractor's programs, policies, and procedures to transport radioactive

124

Data:A0fee6a1-2aa1-4217-9458-cb95314b2738 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fee6a1-2aa1-4217-9458-cb95314b2738 fee6a1-2aa1-4217-9458-cb95314b2738 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Minnesota Power Inc Effective date: 2009/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: RIDER FOR FOND DU LAC RESERVATION BUSINESS LICENSE FEE Sector: Description: APPLICATION Applicable to billings for electric service provided within the Fond du Lac Reservation located in the southern portion of St. Louis County and the northern portion of Carlton County, Minnesota. ADJUSTMENT In accordance with the Corporate Code, Business License System and Employment Rights Law contained in the Fond du Lac Reservation Ordinance 5/84, businesses operating within the Reservation shall pay an assessment of 0.5 percent on revenues from sales within the Reservation. Therefore, there shall be added to each customer's monthly electric service bill a Fond du Lac Reservation Business License Fee assessment. The amount of the fee to be assessed shall be the applicable Assessment Rate multiplied by the Customer's bill for electric service. Compliance by Minnesota Power with the Business License System is governed by the terms of an agreement dated September 25, 1985, as amended by letter dated January 6, 1986, made with the Reservation Business Committee. Since the License Fee assessable by Minnesota Power applies retroactively to October 2, 1985, the initial Assessment Rate shall be 1.0 percent until such time as all retroactive amounts have been collected. Thereafter, the Assessment Rate shall be 0.5 percent.

125

Imaging of the Host Galaxies of Three X-Ray Selected BL Lacertae Objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hubble Space Telescope (HST) WFPC-2 I-band (F814W) images of three X-ray selected BL Lacertae objects (MS1221.8+2452, MS1407.9+5954, & MS2143.4+0704) reveal that each of these BL Lac objects is well-centered in an extended nebulosity that is consistent in brightness and morphology with being light from an elliptical galaxy at the previously reported redshifts of these BL Lac objects. Each of the detected host galaxies have radial surface brightness profiles that are well fit by a DeVaucouleurs' law with effective radii of between 3 to 12 kpc (H_0=50 km s^{-1} Mpc^{-1}, q_0 = 0). The absolute magnitudes of the host galaxies fall in the range -24.7 < M_I < -23.5, in the range of luminosities determined for other BL Lacertae object host galaxies. In addition to allowing the measurement of the host galaxy magnitudes and radial surface brightness profiles, the HST images allow a search for substructure in the host galaxies and the presence of close companion galaxies at spatial resolutions not yet achievable from the ground. While no evidence was found for any ``bars'' or spiral arms, ``boxy'' isophotes are present in the host galaxy of at least one of the three objects observed as part of this study (MS2143.4+0704). The apparent magnitudes and image properties of the companions of the BL Lac objects are catalogued as part of this work. The three BL Lacs appear to occur in diverse environments, from being fairly isolated (MS1221.8+2452) to possibly being a member of a rich group of galaxies (MS1407.9+5954).

Buell T. Jannuzi; Brian Yanny; Chris Impey

1997-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

126

On the relevance of automatically selected single-voxel MRS and multimodal MRI and MRSI features for brain tumour differentiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to evaluate the relevance of magnetic resonance (MR) features selected by automatic feature selection techniques to build classifiers for differential diagnosis and tissue segmentation two data sets containing MR spectroscopy data from patients ... Keywords: ANOVA, ARD, Ala, Automatic feature selection, Brain tumour, CSF, Cho, Cr, Differential diagnosis, Gd, Glc, Glx, Gly, HLSVD, LDA, LS-SVM, Lac, Lip, MR, MRI, MRS, MRSI, NAA, PD, PRESS, QDA, STEAM, SVM, TE, TM, TR, Tau, mI

Geert J. Postma; Jan Luts; Albert J. Idema; Margarida Juli-Sap; ngel Moreno-Torres; Witek Gajewicz; Johan A. K. Suykens; Arend Heerschap; Sabine Van Huffel; Lutgarde M. C. Buydens

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

DID  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A strong set of comparative data is key to facilitating fiscal policy dialogue and the assessment of alternative fiscal reforms. Revenue Statistics in Latin America is a joint publication by CIAT, ECLAC and the OECD that supports the task of fiscal policy makers by providing internationally comparable data on tax levels and tax structures for a selection of 12 Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries.

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Development of a new noncytopathic Semliki Forest virus vector providing high expression levels and stability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Alphavirus vectors express high levels of recombinant proteins in mammalian cells, but their cytopathic nature makes this expression transient. In order to generate a Semliki Forest virus (SFV) noncytopathic vector we introduced mutations previously described to turn Sindbis virus noncytopathic into a conserved position in an SFV vector expressing LacZ. Interestingly, mutant P718T in replicase nsp2 subunit was able to replicate in only a small percentage of BHK cells, producing {beta}-gal-expressing colonies without selection. Puromycin N-acetyl-transferase (pac) gene was used to replace LacZ in this mutant allowing selection of an SFV noncytopathic replicon containing a second mutation in nsp2 nuclear localization signal (R649H). This latter mutation did not confer a noncytopathic phenotype by itself and did not alter nsp2 nuclear translocation. Replicase synthesis was diminished in the SFV double mutant, leading to genomic and subgenomic RNA levels that were 125-fold and 66-fold lower than in wild-type vector, respectively. Interestingly, this mutant expressed {beta}-gal levels similar to parental vector. By coexpressing pac and LacZ from independent subgenomic promoters this vector was able to generate stable cell lines maintaining high expression levels during at least 10 passages, indicating that it could be used as a powerful system for protein production in mammalian cells.

Casales, Erkuden; Rodriguez-Madoz, Juan R.; Ruiz-Guillen, Marta; Razquin, Nerea; Cuevas, Yolanda; Prieto, Jesus [Division of Gene Therapy, School of Medicine, Center for Applied Medical Research (CIMA), University of Navarra, Av. Pio XII 55, 31008 Pamplona (Spain); Smerdou, Cristian [Division of Gene Therapy, School of Medicine, Center for Applied Medical Research (CIMA), University of Navarra, Av. Pio XII 55, 31008 Pamplona (Spain)], E-mail: csmerdou@unav.es

2008-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

129

The Spectral Index Distribution of EGRET Blazars: Prospects for GLAST  

SciTech Connect

The intrinsic distribution of spectral indices in GeV energies of gamma-ray-loud blazars is a critical input in determining the spectral shape of the unresolved blazar contribution to the diffuse extragalactic gamma-ray background, as well as an important test of blazar emission theories. We present a maximum-likelihood method of determining the intrinsic spectral index distribution (ISID) of a population of {gamma}-ray emitters which accounts for error in measurement of individual spectral indices, and we apply it to EGRET blazars. We find that the most likely Gaussian ISID for EGRET blazars has a mean of 2.27 and a standard deviation of 0.20. We additionally find some indication that FSRQs and BL Lacs may have different ISIDs (with BL Lacs being harder). We also test for spectral index hardening associated with blazar variability for which we find no evidence. Finally, we produce simulated GLAST spectral index datasets and perform the same analyses. With improved statistics due to the much larger number of resolvable blazars, GLAST data will help us determine the ISIDs with much improved accuracy. Should any difference exist between the ISIDs of BL Lacs and FSRQs or between the ISIDs of blazars in the quiescent and flaring states, GLAST data will be adequate to separate these ISIDs at a significance better than 3{sigma}.

Venters, Tonia M.; Pavlidou, Vasiliki; /SLAC

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

130

The Evolution of Swift/BAT blazars and the origin of the MeV background  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use 3 years of data from the Swift/BAT survey to select a complete sample of X-ray blazars above 15 keV. This sample comprises 26 Flat-Spectrum Radio Quasars (FSRQs) and 12 BL Lac objects detected over a redshift range of 0.03 < z < 4.0. We use this sample to determine, for the first time in the 15-55 keV band, the evolution of blazars. We find that, contrary to the Seyfert-like AGNs detected by BAT, the population of blazars shows strong positive evolution. This evolution is comparable to the evolution of luminous optical QSOs and luminous X-ray selected AGNs. We also find evidence for an epoch-dependence of the evolution as determined previously for radio-quiet AGNs. We interpret both these findings as a strong link between accretion and jet activity. In our sample, the FSRQs evolve strongly, while our best-fit shows that BL Lacs might not evolve at all. The blazar population accounts for 10-20% (depending on the evolution of the BL Lacs) of the Cosmic X-ray background (CXB) in the 15-55 keV band. We find that FSRQs can explain the entire CXB emission for energies above 500 keV solving the mystery of the generation of the MeV background. The evolution of luminous FSRQs shows a peak in redshift (z{sub c} = 4.3 {+-} 0.5) which is larger than the one observed in QSOs and X-ray selected AGNs. We argue that FSRQs can be used as tracers of massive elliptical galaxies in the early Universe.

Ajello, M.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Costamante, L.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Sambruna, R.M.; Gehrels, N.; /NASA, Goddard; Chiang, J.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Rau, A.; /Caltech; Escala, A.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Cerro Calan Observ.; Greiner, J.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; Tueller, J.; /NASA, Goddard; Wall, J.V.; /British Columbia U.; Mushotzky, R.F.; /NASA, Goddard

2009-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

131

Generalized Langevin equation description of the stochastic oscillations of general relativistic disks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a description of the stochastic oscillations of the general relativistic accretion disks around compact astrophysical objects based on the generalized Langevin equation, which accounts for the general retarded effects of the frictional force, and on the fluctuation-dissipation theorems. The vertical displacements, velocities and luminosities of the stochastically perturbed disks are explicitly obtained for both the Schwarzschild and the Kerr cases. The Power Spectral Distribution of the luminosity it is also obtained, and it is shown that it has non-standard values. The theoretical predictions of the model are compared with the observational data for the luminosity time variation of the BL Lac S5 0716+714 object.

Leung, Chun Sing; Harko, Tiberiu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Numero special Lha srin sde brgyad  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

leur tour, en bas, aubleu profond des lacs."13 Cette correspondance s'exprime dans de nombreu-ses traditions locales comme celle en usage au Dolpo, qui interdit aux fem-mes de teindre avec le colorant de couleur bleue sur le territoire du village,car "c... 'ordre dans le fatras des dieux et dmons lo-caux, elles varient d'un auteur l'autre, d'un texte l'autre. Leur confronta-tion dcourage toute gnralisation, car non seulement elles ne prennent pasen compte les mmes classes de numina, mais encore elles...

Dolfus, Pascale

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Solderability study of 63Sn-37Pb on zinc-plated and cadmium-plated stainless steel for the MC4636 lightning arrestor connector.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cadmium plating on metal surfaces is commonly used for corrosion protection and to achieve good solderability on the 304L stainless steel shell of the MC4636 lightning arrestor connector (LAC) for the W76-1 system. This study examined the use of zinc as a potential substitute for the cadmium protective surface finish. Tests were performed with an R and RMA flux and test temperatures of 230 C, 245 C, and 260 C. Contact angle, {theta}{sub c}, served as the generalized solderability metric. The wetting rate and wetting time parameters were also collected. The solderability ({theta}{sub c}) of the Erie Plating Cd/Ni coatings was better than that of similar Amphenol coatings. Although the {theta}{sub c} data indicated that both Cd/Ni platings would provide adequate solderability, the wetting rate and wetting time data showed the Amphenol coatings to have better performance. The Zn/Ni coatings exhibited non-wetting under all flux and temperature conditions. Based on the results of these tests, it has been demonstrated that zinc plating is not a viable alternate to cadmium plating for the LAC connectors.

Lopez, Edwin Paul; Vianco, Paul Thomas; Rejent, Jerome Andrew; Martin, Joseph J.

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

The $z=0.558$ absorption system towards PKS 0118-272: A candidate Damped Ly $?$ system at low redshift  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a spectroscopic and imaging study of the z=0.558 MgII absorption system towards the BL Lac PKS 0118-272. At the absorber redshift we detect lines of the low ionization species MgI, MgII, CaII, TiII, MnII, and FeII. The column densities of these species are typical of the interstellar gas in the disk of the Galaxy. By assuming dust-free gas with solar abundances we infer N(HI) > 2.5 x 10^19 cm^-2. The high value of this conservative lower limit indicates that the absorber is a Damped Ly alpha system. We find [Ti/Fe] = +0.3, in agreement with [Ti/Fe] measurements in DLA absorbers, but [Mn/Fe] = +0.4, at variance with the values [Mn/Fe]2), the z=0.558 absorber seems to originate in a galaxy that has already attained the abundances and dust content of present-day disk galaxies. The analysis of our imaging data lends support to the presence of an intervening galaxy. After careful subtraction of the BL Lac image, an object at 1.6 arcsec from PKS 0118-272 is detected. At the absorber redshift the projected distance (14 h_50^-1 kpc) and the absolute magnitude (M_R ~ -22.3) of this companion are consistent with those found for galaxies associated with low-redshift DLA systems.

G. Vladilo; M. Centurion; R. Falomo; P. Molaro

1997-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

135

The $z=0.558$ absorption system towards PKS 0118-272 A candidate Damped Ly $\\alpha$ system at low redshift  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a spectroscopic and imaging study of the z=0.558 MgII absorption system towards the BL Lac PKS 0118-272. At the absorber redshift we detect lines of the low ionization species MgI, MgII, CaII, TiII, MnII, and FeII. The column densities of these species are typical of the interstellar gas in the disk of the Galaxy. By assuming dust-free gas with solar abundances we infer N(HI) > 2.5 x 10^19 cm^-2. The high value of this conservative lower limit indicates that the absorber is a Damped Ly alpha system. We find [Ti/Fe] = +0.3, in agreement with [Ti/Fe] measurements in DLA absorbers, but [Mn/Fe] = +0.4, at variance with the values [Mn/Fe]2), the z=0.558 absorber seems to originate in a galaxy that has already attained the abundances and dust content of present-day disk galaxies. The analysis of our imaging data lends support to the presence of an intervening galaxy. After careful subtraction of the BL Lac image, an object at 1.6 arcsec from PKS 0118-272 is detected. At the absorber redshift the projecte...

Vladilo, G; Falomo, R; Molaro, P

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Heart valve cardiomyocytes of mouse embryos express the serotonin transporter SERT  

SciTech Connect

Multiple evidence demonstrate a role for serotonin and its transporter SERT in heart valve development and disease. By utilizing a Cre/loxP system driven by SERT gene expression, we recently demonstrated a regionally restricted distribution of SERT-expressing cells in developing mouse heart. In order to characterize the cell types exhibiting SERT expression within the mouse heart valves at early developmental stages, in this study we performed immunohistochemistry for Islet1 (Isl1) and connexin-43 (Cx-43) on heart sections from SERT{sup Cre/+};ROSA26R embryos previously stained with X-gal. We observed the co-localization of LacZ staining with Isl1 labelling in the outflow tract, the right ventricle and the conal region of E11.5 mouse heart. Cx-43 labelled cells co-localized with LacZ stained cells in the forming atrioventricular valves. These results demonstrate the cardiomyocyte phenotype of SERT-expressing cells in heart valves of the developing mouse heart, thus suggesting an active role of SERT in early heart valve development.

Pavone, Luigi Michele [Department of Biological Structures, Functions and Technologies, University of Naples Federico II, Via F. Delpino 1, 80137 Naples (Italy); Department of Biochemistry and Medical Biotechnologies, University of Naples Federico II, Naples (Italy)], E-mail: pavone@dbbm.unina.it; Spina, Anna; Lo Muto, Roberta; Santoro, Dionea [Department of Biological Structures, Functions and Technologies, University of Naples Federico II, Via F. Delpino 1, 80137 Naples (Italy); Department of Biochemistry and Medical Biotechnologies, University of Naples Federico II, Naples (Italy); Mastellone, Vincenzo [Department of Experimental Medicine 'G. Salvatore', University of Magna Graecia, Catanzaro (Italy); Avallone, Luigi [Department of Biological Structures, Functions and Technologies, University of Naples Federico II, Via F. Delpino 1, 80137 Naples (Italy)

2008-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

137

Biosynthetic Approaches to Isotope Enrichment for Applications in Neutron Scattering and High Field NMR Spectroscopy: Methylotrophic  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Limitations in current isotopic labeling methods present a substantial bottleneck for the application of advanced structural techniques to many important biochemical problems. New tools are required to efficiently produce the necessary labeling patterns in biochemical precursors and incorporate them into protein molecules for structural studies. This project proposed involved one aspect of this problem, the development of expression vectors for a methylotrophic bacterium, Methylobacterium extorquens AM1. If high-level, efficient expression could be obtained in such a bacterium, it would be possible to use low-cost {sup 2}H- and/or {sup 13}C-labeled substrates such as methanol to label proteins. The Lidstrom laboratory at the University of Washington worked closely with the collaborators at Los Alamos National Laboratories in the development and use of these vectors. (1) Overexpression of a target gene, bacterial dehalogenase--This enzyme was expressed in Methylobacterium extorquens AM1 using a high level methanol-inducible promoter, the mxaF promoter. High expression was achieved, but most was in an insoluble form. They expressed this protein in a mutant lacking polybetahydroxybutyrate granules, and high expression was achieved, up to 10% of the total soluble protein. The recombinant protein was purified and shown to be active, with characteristics similar to the enzyme produced in E. coli. (2) Development of regulated expression systems--A number of regulated promoters were tested in M. extorquens AM1, the most promising of which appeared to be the E. coli lac promoter coupled to the Laciq regulator. The repressor was shown to be active and a chromosomal insertion construct was generated that repressed the low-level lac promoter activity in M. extorquens AM1. However, IPTG induced this system only poorly. A number of studies were carried out leading to the conclusion that IPTG entered the cell but was exported by one or more export pumps. Target genes for such pumps were mutated but none of these showed increased induction. A number of methods were used to permeabilize the cell, and a 2-fold increase in induction was obtained with one of these. The activity of the lac promoter was increased by inserting a recently-identified M. extorquens AM1 enhancer element upstream. The promoter increased in activity 5-6 fold with this addition. In summary, they have developed a suite of expression tools and host mutant strains for expressing a variety of heterologous proteins in this methylotroph. These are now available for testing by the LANL collaborators in labeling reactors to obtain labeled proteins of interest.

Mary E. lidstrom

2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 - 2570 of 28,905 results. 61 - 2570 of 28,905 results. Download CX-002218: Categorical Exclusion Determination St. Landry's Energy Retrofits CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): St. Landry Parish, Louisiana Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-002218-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Wood Products Study CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-002225-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-004630: Categorical Exclusion Determination California- City- Tulare CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11, B5.1

139

Data:0c29091a-772f-4683-a562-84fda2cb762e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a-772f-4683-a562-84fda2cb762e a-772f-4683-a562-84fda2cb762e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Large Power - Industrial Sector: Industrial Description: Availability Available for commercial and industrial services with transformer capacity in excess of 75 KVA and/or peak demand of 75 KW in more than one month a year on a consistent basis. Either Schedule LP or Schedule C may be used where transformer capacity is between 50 and 75 KVA Source or reference: Rate Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability

140

CX-000094: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

094: Categorical Exclusion Determination 094: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000094: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Energy Efficiency and Conservation Strategy CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11 Date: 11/23/2009 Location(s): Wisconsin Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. The proposed action would involve preparing an Energy Efficiency and Conservation Strategy with a detailed blueprint for the tribe's strategy/policy on how and where energy efficiency/conservation can be initiated. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-000094.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-000325: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000324: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000320: Categorical Exclusion Determination

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lacs magpie hartland" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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141

Data:E725736b-6499-46e9-ae50-d3aaa31e99ad | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6b-6499-46e9-ae50-d3aaa31e99ad 6b-6499-46e9-ae50-d3aaa31e99ad No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Small Commercial Sector: Commercial Description: Availability Available for all commercial service when the required transformer capacity is 75 KVA or less. Either Schedule C or SChedule LP may be used where transformer capacity is between 50 and 75 KVA Source or reference: Rate Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh):

142

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Michigan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 13, 2010 May 13, 2010 CX-002286: Categorical Exclusion Determination High-Activity Dealloyed Cathode Catalysts CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05/13/2010 Location(s): Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office May 11, 2010 CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Wood Products Study CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy April 28, 2010 CX-002017: Categorical Exclusion Determination Sault Sainte Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians Energy Efficiency Lighting Retrofits CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 Date: 04/28/2010 Location(s): Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy April 26, 2010

143

Forward Expansion Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forward Expansion Wind Farm Forward Expansion Wind Farm Facility Forward Expansion Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Invenergy Developer Invenergy Energy Purchaser Alliant- Wisconsin Public Service-Madison Gas & Electric- Wisconsin Public Power Location Dodge and Fond du Lac Counties WI Coordinates 43.631519°, -88.556421° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.631519,"lon":-88.556421,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

144

Data:1d28dffd-b158-4dfb-b82a-5fbe3ba29442 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dffd-b158-4dfb-b82a-5fbe3ba29442 dffd-b158-4dfb-b82a-5fbe3ba29442 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Freedom Heating Rate Sector: Residential Description: Available to members taking service concurrently under another rate schedule. This rate is for interruptible service to electric space heating loads. Interruptions to space heating loads can occur anytime during the day for approximately 4 hours. Typical interruptions occur between 4:00 and 10:00 p.m. The member must assume responsibility and provide an alternative non-electric back up heating system.

145

CX-002686: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

686: Categorical Exclusion Determination 686: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002686: Categorical Exclusion Determination Forest County Potawatomi Community- Community Renewable Energy Deployment - Centralized Stone Lake Campus Biomass Heating Plant CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 05/28/2010 Location(s): Forest County, Wisconsin Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office The Forest County Potawatomi Community ("FCPC' or the "Tribe") is deploying a diverse number of "off-the-shelf" renewable energy technologies throughout reservation lands in Forest County, Fond du Lac County and Milwaukee County. A biomass-fueled hot water boiler heating system will be installed at the Stone Lake Government Center. Up to 4 acres will be disturbed on and adjacent to developed areas at the Government Center. Air

146

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Energy Efficiency and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

January 23, 2012 January 23, 2012 CX-007847: Categorical Exclusion Determination Direct Final Rule (DFR) and Accompanying Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) for Amended Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Washers (RIN: 1904-AB90) CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/23/2012 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy January 23, 2012 CX-007840: Categorical Exclusion Determination Minnesota Chippewa Tribe (Mille Lacs Band) CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.1. B5.16, B5.18 Date: 01/23/2012 Location(s): Minnesota Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy January 17, 2012 CX-007526: Categorical Exclusion Determination Kentucky-County-Kenton CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 Date: 01/17/2012 Location(s): Kentucky Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

147

Using Microfinance to Expand Access to Energy Services | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Using Microfinance to Expand Access to Energy Services Using Microfinance to Expand Access to Energy Services Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Using Microfinance to Expand Access to Energy Services Agency/Company /Organization: United States Agency for International Development Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Finance Resource Type: Case studies/examples, Lessons learned/best practices, Publications Website: waterwiki.net/images/6/65/File_Energy_Summary_FINAL.pdf Language: English References: Using Microfinance to Expand Access to Energy Services[1] Logo: Using Microfinance to Expand Access to Energy Services "To carry out this research, SES and the SEEP Network invited MFIs in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) to participate in an

148

Viewshed | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Viewshed Jump to: navigation, search Invenergy is the developer of the 129-MW Forward Wind Energy Center project near Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, that came online in 2008. Photo from Ruth Baranowski, NREL 16410 Unlike urban areas, rural areas can have more pristine visual environments. In some rural communities, wind turbines are perceived as an unwelcome intrusion in the otherwise wide-open skyline. Wind turbines may be controversial in these areas due to their potential impact on neighbors' views. Responses to wind power are highly subjective. Some see wind energy as a symbol of technological advancement and energy independence, while

149

 

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

X - B5.1 Actions to conserve energy X - B5.1 Actions to conserve energy The proposed action would involve assessing individual tribal businesses and entities for possible updates and retrofits for lighting, weatherization, HVAC and appliance/equipment to increase efficiency/ conservation and reduce carbon emissions. These assessments would provide the program with a list of projects within each individual building that would meet the tribe's goals of greenhouse gas emissions reductions. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Energy Efficiency Audits Wisconsin Nov 23, 2009 Mary Martin Print Form for Records Submit via E-mail Billie Newland Digitally signed by Billie Newland DN: cn=Billie Newland, o=Energy Enterprise Solutions,

150

 

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Select the appropriate categorical exclusion(s) from Appendix B to Subpart D of 10 CFR Part 1021 (for Appendix (A) use bottom two pull-down menus) Select the appropriate categorical exclusion(s) from Appendix B to Subpart D of 10 CFR Part 1021 (for Appendix (A) use bottom two pull-down menus) The proposed action would involve preparing an Energy Efficiency Conservation Strategy with a detailed blueprint for the tribe's strategy/policy on how and where energy efficiency/conservation can be initiated. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Energy Efficiency and Conservation Strategy Wisconsin Nov 23, 2009 Mary Martin Print Form for Records Submit via E-mail Billie Newland Digitally signed by Billie Newland DN: cn=Billie Newland, o=Energy Enterprise Solutions, ou, email=Billie.Newland@hq.doe.gov, c=US Date: 2009.11.24 15:14:20 -05'00'

151

Cedar Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cedar Ridge Wind Farm Cedar Ridge Wind Farm Facility Cedar Ridge Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Alliant (Wisconsin Power & Light) Developer Midwest Wind Energy/Alliant (Wisconsin Power & Light) Energy Purchaser Alliant (Wisconsin Power & Light) Location Fond du Lac County WI Coordinates 43.647092°, -88.459146° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.647092,"lon":-88.459146,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

152

CX-000095: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Categorical Exclusion Determination 5: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000095: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Energy Efficiency Audits CX(s) Applied: B5.1, A9 Date: 11/23/2009 Location(s): Wisconsin Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. The proposed action would involve assessing individual tribal businesses and entities for possible updates and retrofits for lighting, weatherization, heating, ventilating, and air conditioning and appliance/equipment to increase efficiency/conservation and reduce carbon emissions. These assessments would provide the program with a list of projects within each individual building that would meet the tribe's goals of greenhouse gas emissions

153

Data:B12a96b8-e5dc-4002-a47e-f82fe67c5828 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b8-e5dc-4002-a47e-f82fe67c5828 b8-e5dc-4002-a47e-f82fe67c5828 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: General Service Sector: Residential Description: Availability Available for all non-commercial service Source or reference: Rate Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

154

Data:83cc5bf0-9cad-46ad-aa40-d468ee13325f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bf0-9cad-46ad-aa40-d468ee13325f bf0-9cad-46ad-aa40-d468ee13325f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Light - 100 watt HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Seasonal/Monthly Demand Charge Structures

155

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Energy Efficiency and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1, 2010 1, 2010 CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Wood Products Study CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy May 11, 2010 CX-002223: Categorical Exclusion Determination Androscoggin Installs Economizing and Efficient Cooling Unit in County Building CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B1.4, B5.1 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Androscoggin County, Maine Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy May 11, 2010 CX-002222: Categorical Exclusion Determination Androscoggin Replaces Controls for Boiler Room CX(s) Applied: B2.2, B5.1 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Androscoggin County, Maine Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy May 11, 2010

156

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 - 1570 of 28,905 results. 61 - 1570 of 28,905 results. Download 2010 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report- Y-12 Site Office Managers perform an annual workforce analysis of their organization and develop staffing plans that identify technical capabilities and positions they need to ensure safe operation of defense nuclear facilities. http://energy.gov/hss/downloads/2010-annual-workforce-analysis-and-staffing-plan-report-y-12-site-office Download CX-000094: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Energy Efficiency and Conservation Strategy CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11 Date: 11/23/2009 Location(s): Wisconsin Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-000094-categorical-exclusion-determination

157

Event:Learning and Leading on LEDS Workshop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Event Event Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Event:Learning and Leading on LEDS Workshop Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Learning and Leading on LEDS Workshop: on 2012/02/27 The LEDS Global Partnership is convening its second annual global workshop to bring together leading practitioners from countries and international institutions to share lessons and strengthen cooperation on low emission development around the world. The workshop will convene peer learning and collaboration sessions on common topics of interest defined by the African Climate&Development Society, Asia LEDS Partnership and the LAC LEDS regional platform. The workshop will be open to participation by officials and experts from government agencies, international institutions, and

158

CX-000096: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: Categorical Exclusion Determination 6: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000096: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Energy Efficiency Retrofits CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1, A1 Date: 11/23/2009 Location(s): Wisconsin Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy The Tribe proposes to implement upgrades and retrofits for energy conservation and emissions reductions, based on the findings from its separately proposed Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant funded audit activity. Retrofits and upgrades would be limited to new business/office equipment, lighting fixtures, appliances and heating, ventilating, and air conditioning equipment. Facilities that would be considered for retrofits include: Headstart, Food Distribution Housing

159

IADB/UNDP LEDS Community of Practice | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IADB/UNDP LEDS Community of Practice IADB/UNDP LEDS Community of Practice Jump to: navigation, search Name IADB/UNDP LEDS Community of Practice Agency/Company /Organization Inter-American Development Bank, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area People and Policy Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Policies/deployment programs Website http://finanzascarbono.org/com References LEDS Community of Practice-Carbon Finance Platform[1] "The objective of this Community of Practice is to provide the LAC region with information and facilitate technical discussions about the process of preparing national Low Emission Development Strategies. The workplan for 2012 includes the organization of discussion forums, seminars and webinars on LEDS preparation.

160

Data:25b7f6d5-f073-4c84-96b2-723f754aa8a9 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f6d5-f073-4c84-96b2-723f754aa8a9 f6d5-f073-4c84-96b2-723f754aa8a9 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Off-Peak Energy Rate Sector: Residential Description: Available to members taking service concurrently under another rate schedule. This rate is for interruptible service to electric water and space heating loads. Service under this schedule will be available for approximately eight hours per day, during off peak hours. Systems must be sized for sufficient heat during the on peak period Source or reference: Rate Binder A

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lacs magpie hartland" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Distributed Hydrogen Fueling Station Based on GEGR SCPO Technology (Presentation)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bgqrpg`srcbFwbpmeclDscjgleQr_rgml Bgqrpg`srcbFwbpmeclDscjgleQr_rgml @_qcbmlECEPQANMRcaflmjmew UcgUcg*Ic Jgs ECEjm`_jPcqc_paf BMC//-.4-0..5 0 ECEjm`_jPcqc_paf Lmt0..5 QANMPcdmpkcpdmpFwbpmeclNpmbsargml Kmqramqrcddcargtcfwbpmecl npmbsargmlslgr Amkn_ar&3rgkcqqk_jjcp rf_l?AP' Kmbsj_pbcqgeldmpk_qq npmbsargml C_qcmdmulcpqfgn K_glrcl_lacdpcc

162

mlw8264.tmp  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

,,...... ,,...... sLAc-PuB--5l93 DE90 OO81OO THE E(2S4 CODE SYSTEM: SOLUTION OF GAMMA-RAY AND ELECTRON TRANSPORT PROBLEMS* W. R. NELSON AND YOSHIHITO NAMITO~ Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 Abstract In this paperwe present an overview of the EGS4 Code System-a general purpose package forthe Monte (larlosimulatio no fthetransport of electrons and photons. During the last 10-15 years EGS has been widely used todesignaccelera- tors and detectors for high-energy physics. More recently the code has been found to be of tremendous use in medical radiation physics and dosimetry. The problem- solving capabilities of EGS4 will be demonstrated by means of a variety of practical examples. To facilitate this review, we will take advantage of a new add-on pack- age, called SHO WGRAF, to display particle trajectories in complicated geometries.

163

Wind Project Permitting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Project Permitting Project Permitting Jump to: navigation, search Invenergy is the developer of the 129-MW Forward Wind Energy Center project near Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, that came online in 2008. Photo by Ruth Baranowski, NREL 16412 As with other energy facility permitting processes, the goal of the wind project permitting process is to reach decisions that are timely, minimize challenges, and ensure compliance with laws and regulations that provide for necessary environmental protection.[1] Resources National Wind Coordinating Committee. (2002). Permitting of Wind Energy Facilities. Accessed August 28, 2013. This handbook is written for individuals and groups involved in evaluating wind projects: decision-makers and agency staff at all levels of government, wind developers, interested parties and the public.

164

Argentina-Support for the Preparation of National Climate Change Strategy |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Argentina-Support for the Preparation of National Climate Change Strategy Argentina-Support for the Preparation of National Climate Change Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Argentina Regional Programme for LAC - Support for the preparation of National Climate Change Strategy Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Focus Area Economic Development Website http://www.undp.org.ar/ Country Argentina South America References UNDP - Latin America & the Caribbean[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Program Overview 2.1 Program Focus 2.2 Environment and Sustainable Development 3 References Overview In Argentina , the UNDP has a program of technical cooperation and financial assistance is part of the country's priorities , promotes and provides substantive and technical management support to over 100 projects

165

Data:E6a9c2ae-893b-48dd-8a52-051a339f459b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ae-893b-48dd-8a52-051a339f459b ae-893b-48dd-8a52-051a339f459b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Large Power Sector: Commercial Description: Availability Available for commercial and industrial services with transformer capacity in excess of 75 KVA and/or peak demand of 75 KW in more than one month a year on a consistent basis. Either Schedule LP or Schedule C may be used where transformer capacity is between 50 and 75 KVA Source or reference: Rate Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW)

166

We Energy Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

We Energy Wind Farm We Energy Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name We Energy Wind Farm Facility We Energy Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Energy Purchaser WE Energies Location South of Fond du Lac WI Coordinates 43.657512°, -88.439004° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.657512,"lon":-88.439004,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

167

PKS 0743$-$67: An Ultra-luminous Accretion Disk and a High Kinetic Luminosity Jet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this letter, deep radio observations of the quasar PKS 0743$-$67 are presented that reveal a central engine capable of driving jets with enormous kinetic luminosity, $Q>4.1 \\times 10^{46}\\mathrm{ergs/s}$. This result is significant because archival optical spectral data indicates that the accretion disk has a thermal luminosity, $L_{bol}>2\\times 10^{47}\\mathrm{ergs/s}$. Furthermore, estimates of the central black hole mass from line widths indicate that $L_{bol}/L_{Edd}\\approx 1$. This suggests that neither a large $L_{bol}$ nor $L_{bol}/L_{Edd}$ suppresses jet power in quasars, despite claims that they do in the recent literature. Earlier studies have found $L_{bol}$ and $Q$ are correlated in blazars. However, by removing the BL-Lacs and leaving only the quasars in the sample, we found that $Q$ is very weakly correlated with $L_{bol}$ in the subsample.

Brian Punsly; Steven Tingay

2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

168

A Brief History of Kagyudpa (with Prayer for the Rapid Reincarnation of H. H. Rang Jung Rigpai Dorje the 16th Karmapa)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

~'~'~'~~'~'el I bDe~Chtlen -Longs-sPyod-bLa -Ma-Chhos- Kyi-r Je DE CHE.;J' LON3CHO, LA MA, CHOKYIJE enjoying great' Sambhogakaya ,Guru/ Lord of Dharma happiness The Guru of great happiness, ths Lord of Dharma is the Sam bhogakaya. q~'~C:: ~~"'lac... -IDan-Chhos-Kyi-bLo-aGros-rJe NYAM-IVIE /r'AL - Dt:N/CHHOS-KYI-LO-GROS-JE unequalled, / glorious / Marpa Lotsawa Unequalled, glorious, most kind Chhos-KYi-Lo-Gros (Marpa) S~~~ 'q~'~~'qC1~'q~'( i~~qc.tl 1 Byin-G yis-rlobs-Shig -bShad - Pa'j -rDo-Je'i-d Pal JIN GYI LOB I SHIK...

Lama, Chimed Rinzing

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/13: Cooperative monitoring for confidence building: A case study of the Sino-Indian border areas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This occasional paper identifies applicable cooperative monitoring techniques and develops models for possible application in the context of the border between China and India. The 1993 and 1996 Sino-Indian agreements on maintaining peace and tranquility along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) and establishing certain confidence building measures (CBMs), including force reductions and limitation on military exercises along their common border, are used to examine the application of technically based cooperative monitoring in both strengthening the existing terms of the agreements and also enhancing trust. The paper also aims to further the understanding of how and under what conditions technology-based tools can assist in implementing existing agreements on arms control and confidence building. The authors explore how cooperative monitoring techniques can facilitate effective implementation of arms control agreements and CBMS between states and contribute to greater security and stability in bilateral, regional, and global contexts.

SIDHU,WAHEGURU PAL SINGH; YUAN,JING-DONG; BIRINGER,KENT L.

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Identification Of Natural Dyes On Archaeological Textile Objects Using Laser Induced Fluorescent Technique  

SciTech Connect

This study aims to evaluate the use of Laser Fluorescent as a non-destructive technique for identification of natural dyes on archaeological textile objects. In this study wool textile samples were dyed with 10 natural dyes such as cochineal, cutch, henna, indigo, Lac, madder, safflower, saffron, sumac and turmeric. These dyes common present on archaeological textile objects to be used as standard dyed textile samples. These selected natural dyes will be used as known references that can be used a guide to identify unknown archaeological dyes. The dyed textile samples were investigated with laser radiation in different wavelengths to detect the best wavelengths for identification each dye. This study confirms that Laser Florescent is very useful and a rapid technique can be used as a non-destructive technique for identification of natural dyes on archaeological textile objects. The results obtained with this study can be a guide for all conservators in identification of natural organic dyes on archaeological textile objects.

Abdel-Kareem, O. [Conservation Department, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University (Egypt); Eltokhy, A.; Harith, M. A. [National Institute of Laser Enhanced Science, Cairo University (Egypt)

2011-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

171

Needs assessment for fire department services and resources for the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report has been developed in response to a request from the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to evaluate the need for fire department services so as to enable the Laboratory to plan effective fire protection and thereby: meet LANL`s regulatory and contractual obligations; interface with the Department of Energy (DOE) and other agencies on matters relating to fire and emergency services; and ensure appropriate protection of the community and environment. This study is an outgrowth of the 1993 Fire Department Needs Assessment (prepared for DOE) but is developed from the LANL perspective. Input has been received from cognizant and responsible representatives at LANL, DOE, Los Alamos County (LAC) and the Los Alamos Fire Department (LAFD).

1995-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

172

The TeV Energy Spectrum of Mrk 421 Measured in A High Flaring State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The BL Lac object (blazar) Mrk 421 was observed during its outburst in April 2004 with the Whipple 10 m telescope for a total of about 24.5 hours. The measured gamma-ray rate varied substantially over the range from 4 to 10 gamma's/min and eventually exceeded the steady gamma-ray rate of the Crab Nebula (standard candle) by a factor of 3. The overall significance of the gamma-ray signal exceeded 70 sigma and the total number of excess events was more than 10,000. The signal light curve does not show any particular variability pattern. This unique Mrk 421 outburst enabled the measurement of a high quality spectrum of very high-energy gamma rays in a high state of emission. This spectrum is a power-law and it extends beyond 10 TeV.

A. Konopelko; W. Cui; C. Duke; J. P. Finley

2007-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

173

Data:9849f18d-dea6-43f3-9327-4983e3f57dc2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d-dea6-43f3-9327-4983e3f57dc2 d-dea6-43f3-9327-4983e3f57dc2 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Peak Shave Water Heating Rate Sector: Residential Description: Available to members taking service concurrently under another rate schedule. This rate is for interruptible service to water heating loads. The water heating load will be interrupted no more than eight hours per day. Source or reference: Rate Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh)

174

Siting Wind Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Siting Wind Energy Siting Wind Energy Jump to: navigation, search Wind turbines at the Forward Wind Energy Center in Fond du Lac and Dodge Counties, Wisconsin. Photo from Ruth Baranowski/NREL, NREL 21207 The following resources provide information about siting wind energy projects. Some are specific to a state or region but may still contain information applicable to other areas. Wind project siting tools, such as calculators and databases, can be found here. Resources American Wind Energy Association. (Updated 2011). Siting, Health, and the Environment. Accessed August 13, 2013. This fact sheet provides an overview of siting myths and facts. Environmental Law Institute. Siting Wind Energy Facilities: What Do Local Elected Officials Need to Know?. Accessed November 29, 2013.

175

SATURATION LEVELS FOR WHITE-LIGHT FLARES OF FLARE STARS: VARIATION OF MINIMUM FLARE DURATION FOR SATURATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Taking into account results obtained from models and from statistical analyses of obtained parameters, we discuss flare activity levels and flare characteristics of five UV Ceti stars. We present the parameters of unpublished flares detected over two years of observations of V1005 Ori. We compare parameters of the U-band flares detected over several seasons of observations of AD Leo, EV Lac, EQ Peg, V1054 Oph, and V1005 Ori. Flare frequencies calculated for all program stars and maximum energy levels of the flares are compared, and we consider which is the most correct parameter as an indicator of flare activity levels. Using the One Phase Exponential Association function, the distributions of flare equivalent duration versus flare total duration are modeled for each program star. We use the Independent Samples t-Test in the statistical analyses of the parameters obtained from the models. The results reveal some properties of flare processes occurring on the surfaces of UV Ceti type stars. (1) Flare energies cannot be higher than a specific value regardless of the length of the flare total duration. This must be a saturation level for white-light flares occurring in flare processes observed in the U band. Thus, for the first time it is shown that white-light flares have a saturation in a specific energy range. (2) The span values, which are the difference between the equivalent durations of flares with the shortest and longest total durations, are almost equal for each star. (3) The half-life values, minimum flare durations for saturation, increase toward the later spectral types. (4) Both maximum total durations and maximum rise times computed from the observed flares decrease toward the later spectral types among the UV Ceti stars. According to the maximum energy levels obtained from the models, both EV Lac and EQ Peg are more active than the other three program stars, while AD Leo is the most active flare star according to the flare frequencies.

Dal, H. A.; Evren, S., E-mail: ali.dal@ege.edu.tr [Department of Astronomy and Space Sciences, University of Ege, Bornova, 35100 Izmir (Turkey)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

176

Lightning arrestor connector lead magnesium niobate qualification pellet test procedures.  

SciTech Connect

Enhanced knowledge preservation for DOE DP technical component activities has recently received much attention. As part of this recent knowledge preservation effort, improved documentation of the sample preparation and electrical testing procedures for lead magnesium niobate--lead titanate (PMN/PT) qualification pellets was completed. The qualification pellets are fabricated from the same parent powders used to produce PMN/PT lightning arrestor connector (LAC) granules at HWF&T. In our report, the procedures for fired pellet surface preparation, electrode deposition, electrical testing and data recording are described. The dielectric measurements described in our report are an information only test. Technical reasons for selecting the electrode material, electrode size and geometry are presented. The electrical testing is based on measuring the dielectric constant and dissipation factor of the pellet during cooling from 280 C to 220 C. The most important data are the temperature for which the peak dielectric constant occurs (Curie Point temperature) and the peak dielectric constant magnitude. We determined that the peak dielectric constant for our procedure would be that measured at 1 kHz at the Curie Point. Both the peak dielectric constant and the Curie point parameters provide semi-quantitative information concerning the chemical and microstructural homogeneity of the parent material used for the production of PMN/PT granules for LACs. Finally, we have proposed flag limits for the dielectric data for the pellets. Specifically, if the temperature of the peak dielectric constant falls outside the range of 250 C {+-} 30 C we propose that a flag limit be imposed that will initiate communication between production agency and design agency personnel. If the peak dielectric constant measured falls outside the range 25,000 {+-} 10,000 we also propose that a flag limit be imposed.

Tuohig, W. (Honeywell FM& T, Kansas City, MO); Mahoney, Patrick A.; Tuttle, Bruce Andrew; Wheeler, Jill Susanne

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

New recA mutations that dissociate the various RecA protein activities in Escherichia coli provide evidence for an additional role for RecA protein in UV mutagenesis  

SciTech Connect

To isolate strains with new recA mutations that differentially affect RecA protein functions, we mutagenized in vitro the recA gene carried by plasmid mini-F and then introduced the mini-F-recA plasmid into a delta recA host that was lysogenic for prophage phi 80 and carried a lac duplication. By scoring prophage induction and recombination of the lac duplication, we isolated new recA mutations. A strain carrying mutation recA1734 (Arg-243 changed to Leu) was found to be deficient in phi 80 induction but proficient in recombination. The mutation rendered the host not mutable by UV, even in a lexA(Def) background. Yet, the recA1734 host became mutable upon introduction of a plasmid encoding UmuD*, the active carboxyl-terminal fragment of UmuD. Although the recA1734 mutation permits cleavage of lambda and LexA repressors, it renders the host deficient in the cleavage of phi 80 repressor and UmuD protein. Another strain carrying mutation recA1730 (Ser-117 changed to Phe) was found to be proficient in phi 80 induction but deficient in recombination. The recombination defect conferred by the mutation was partly alleviated in a cell devoid of LexA repressor, suggesting that, when amplified, RecA1730 protein is active in recombination. Since LexA protein was poorly cleaved in the recA1730 strain while phage lambda was induced, we conclude that RecA1730 protein cannot specifically mediate LexA protein cleavage. Our results show that the recA1734 and recA1730 mutations differentially affect cleavage of various substrates. The recA1730 mutation prevented UV mutagenesis, even upon introduction into the host of a plasmid encoding UmuD* and was dominant over recA+.

Dutreix, M.; Moreau, P.L.; Bailone, A.; Galibert, F.; Battista, J.R.; Walker, G.C.; Devoret, R.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

BLAZARS AS ULTRA-HIGH-ENERGY COSMIC-RAY SOURCES: IMPLICATIONS FOR TeV GAMMA-RAY OBSERVATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spectra of BL Lac objects and Fanaroff-Riley I radio galaxies are commonly explained by the one-zone leptonic synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) model. Spectral modeling of correlated multiwavelength data gives the comoving magnetic field strength, the bulk outflow Lorentz factor, and the emission region size. Assuming the validity of the SSC model, the Hillas condition shows that only in rare cases such sources accelerate protons to much above 10{sup 19} eV, so {approx}> 10{sup 20} eV ultra-high-energy cosmic rays (UHECRs) are likely to be heavy ions if powered by this type of radio-loud active galactic nuclei (AGNs). Survival of nuclei is shown to be possible in TeV BL Lacs and misaligned counterparts with weak photohadronic emissions. Another signature of hadronic production is intergalactic UHECR-induced cascade emission, which is an alternative explanation of the TeV spectra of some extreme non-variable blazars such as 1ES 0229+200 or 1ES 1101-232. We study this kind of cascade signal, taking into account effects of the structured extragalactic magnetic fields in which the sources should be embedded. We demonstrate the importance of cosmic-ray deflections on the {gamma}-ray flux, and show that required absolute cosmic-ray luminosities are larger than the average UHECR luminosity inferred from UHECR observations and can even be comparable to the Eddington luminosity of supermassive black holes. Future TeV {gamma}-ray observations using the Cerenkov Telescope Array and the High Altitude Water Cerenkov detector array can test for UHECR acceleration by observing >25 TeV photons from relatively low redshift sources such as 1ES 0229+200, and {approx}>TeV photons from more distant radio-loud AGNs.

Murase, Kohta [Department of Physics, Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Dermer, Charles D. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Takami, Hajime [Max Planck Institute for Physics, Foehringer Ring 6, 80805 Munich (Germany); Migliori, Giulia [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

179

Commissioning of modulator-based IMRT with XiO treatment planning system  

SciTech Connect

This article describes the procedures for correction of the modulator thickness and commissioning of the XiO treatment planning system (TPS) for modulator-based intensity modulated radiation therapy (M-IMRT). This modulator manufacturing system adopts a method in which the modulator is milled using a floor-type computer-aided numerical control milling machine (CNC-mill) with modulator data calculated by XiO TPS. XiO TPS uses only effective attenuation coefficients (EAC) for modulator thickness calculation. This article describes a modified method for assessing modulator thickness. A two-dimensional linear attenuation array was used to correct the modulator thickness calculated by XiO. Narrow-beam geometry was used for measuring the linear attenuation coefficient (LAC) at off-axis positions (OAP) for varying brass thicknesses. An equation for the two-dimensional LAC ratio (2D-LACR) can be used to calculate the corrected modulator thickness. It is assumed that the broad beam EAC of a small field varies with the brass thickness and the OAP distance in the same way as that of LACR, so the two-dimensional EAC (2D-EAC) is equal to the EAC corrected using the LACR. The dose distribution was evaluated for three geometric patterns and one clinical case on low energy x ray (4 MV) with a large field size (20x20 cm{sup 2}). The results using the proposed correction method of modulator thickness showed a good agreement between the measured dose distributions and the dose distributions calculated by TPS with the correction. Hence, the method is effective to improve the accuracy of M-IMRT in XiO TPS. An important problem for the brass modulator is the milling condition, such as the drill diameter and the cutting pitch size. It is necessary to improve the accuracy of M-IMRT for the ''softening'' and ''hardening'' effects of the beam to be considered in dose calculation in patients and the modulator profile design.

Oguchi, Hiroshi; Obata, Yasunori [Program in Radiological and Medical Laboratory Sciences, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1-20 Daiko Minami, Higashi-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 461-8673 (Japan) and Shinshu University Hospital, Department of Radiology, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano 390-8621 (Japan); Department of Radiological Technology, Nagoya University School of Health Sciences, 1-1-20 Daiko Minami, Higashi-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 461-8673 (Japan)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

180

Forward Phase I Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forward Phase I Wind Farm Forward Phase I Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Forward Phase I Wind Farm Facility Forward Phase I Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Invenergy Developer Invenergy Energy Purchaser Alliant- Wisconsin Public Service- Madison Gas & Electric-Wisconsin Public Power Location Dodge and Fond du Lac Counties WI Coordinates 43.606819°, -88.534834° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.606819,"lon":-88.534834,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

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181

Data:2a21b72e-e137-4bea-af72-99a4a9c4572a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b72e-e137-4bea-af72-99a4a9c4572a b72e-e137-4bea-af72-99a4a9c4572a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Dual Fuel Space Heating Rate Sector: Description: Available to members taking service concurrently under another rate schedule. This rate is for interruptible service to electric space heating loads. Interruption to the space heating load can occur at anytime of day.The cumulative total of interruption can not exceed 400 hours during the heating season.The member must assume responsibility and provide an alternate non-electric automatic thermostatically controlled backup

182

Data:Abd7f871-1cef-4e3a-b902-0938d3a4b37d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Abd7f871-1cef-4e3a-b902-0938d3a4b37d Abd7f871-1cef-4e3a-b902-0938d3a4b37d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Green Power Energy Sector: Description: Availability Available to members taking service concurrently under another rate schedule. This rate is for electricity generated by wind power. Energy charge is a premium of 50 cents per 100 kWh increment in addition to general service rates Source or reference: Rate Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months):

183

Blue Sky Green Field Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Field Wind Farm Green Field Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Blue Sky Green Field Wind Farm Facility Blue Sky Green Field Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner We Energies Developer We Energies Energy Purchaser We Energies Location Fond du Lac County WI Coordinates 43.908549°, -88.305384° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.908549,"lon":-88.305384,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

184

Data:Dc606fa1-3df0-42aa-bc61-e34e68784a4c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

06fa1-3df0-42aa-bc61-e34e68784a4c 06fa1-3df0-42aa-bc61-e34e68784a4c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Light - 150 watt HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Seasonal/Monthly Demand Charge Structures

185

Discovery of Very High Energy Gamma Rays from PKS 1424+240 and Multiwavelength Constraints on its Redshift  

SciTech Connect

We report the first detection of very-high-energy (VHE) gamma-ray emission above 140GeV from PKS 1424+240, a BL Lac object with an unknown redshift. The photon spectrum above 140GeV measured by VERITAS is well described by a power law with a photon index of 3.8 {+-}0.5{sub stat} {+-} 0.3{sub syst} and a flux normalization at 200 GeV of (5.1 {+-} 0.9{sub stat} {+-} 0.5{sub syst}) x 10{sup -11} TeV{sup -1} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}, where stat and syst denote the statistical and systematical uncertainty, respectively. The VHE flux is steady over the observation period between MJD 54881 and 55003 (2009 February 19 to June 21). Flux variability is also not observed in contemporaneous high energy observations with the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT). Contemporaneous X-ray and optical data were also obtained from the Swift XRT and MDM observatory, respectively. The broadband spectral energy distribution (SED) is well described by a one-zone synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) model favoring a redshift of less than 0.1. Using the photon index measured with Fermi in combination with recent extragalactic background light (EBL) absorption models it can be concluded from the VERITAS data that the redshift of PKS 1424+240 is less than 0.66.

Acciari, V.A.; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Aliu, E.; /Delaware U., Bartol Inst.; Arlen, T.; /UCLA; Aune, T.; /UC, Santa Cruz; Bautista, M.; /McGill U.; Beilicke, M. /Washington U., St. Louis; Benbow, W.; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Bottcher, M.; /Ohio U.; Boltuch, D.; /Delaware U., Bartol Inst.; Bradbury, S.M.; /Leeds U.; Buckley, J.H.; /Washington U., St. Louis; Bugaev, V.; /Washington U., St. Louis; Byrum, K.; /Argonne; Cannon, A.; /University Coll., Dublin; Cesarini, A.; /Natl. U. of Ireland, Galway; Chow, Y.C.; /UCLA; Ciupik, L.; /Roosevelt U., Chicago; Cogan, P.; /McGill U.; Cui, W.; /Purdue U.; Duke, C.; /Grinnell Coll.; Falcone, A.; /Penn State U. /Purdue U. /Utah U. /Roosevelt U., Chicago /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys. /Purdue U. /Natl. U. of Ireland, Galway /Utah U. /University Coll., Dublin /McGill U. /Roosevelt U., Chicago /McGill U. /Delaware U., Bartol Inst. /Utah U. /Chicago U., EFI /Iowa State U. /Roosevelt U., Chicago /DePauw U. /Utah U. /Pittsburg State U. /Washington U., St. Louis /Iowa State U. /Natl. U. of Ireland, Galway /Utah U. /McGill U. /Washington U., St. Louis /McGill U. /McGill U. /Purdue U. /Anderson U. /Galway-Mayo Inst. of Tech. /Iowa State U. /UCLA; /more authors..

2012-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

186

Gamma-Ray Bursts from Radio-Quiet Quasars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study positional coincidences between gamma-ray bursts in the BATSE 3B catalogue and quasars/AGN taken from the Veron-Cetty & Veron compilation. For most classes of AGN, for BL Lac objects and for radio-loud quasars, we find no excess coincidences above random expectation, and we give upper limits for their burst emission rate. However, surprising evidence is found for a positional correlation between gamma-ray bursts and radio-quiet quasars. A total of 134 selected bursts with a position error radius 99.7% to be associated with each other. An analysis of a smaller sample of well-localized interplanetary network gamma-ray burst positions supports this result. This correlation strongly favours the cosmological origin of gamma-ray bursts and enables to estimate its distance scale. The average luminosity of those gamma-ray bursts which we associate directly with radio-quiet quasars is of the order of 4*10^52 erg (assuming isotropic emission).

N. Schartel; H. Andernach; J. Greiner

1996-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

187

A NEW METHOD FOR CLASSIFYING FLARES OF UV Ceti TYPE STARS: DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SLOW AND FAST FLARES  

SciTech Connect

In this study, a new method is presented to classify flares derived from the photoelectric photometry of UV Ceti type stars. This method is based on statistical analyses using an independent samples t-test. The data used in analyses were obtained from four flare stars observed between 2004 and 2007. The total number of flares obtained in the observations of AD Leo, EV Lac, EQ Peg, and V1054 Oph is 321 in the standard Johnson U band. As a result flares can be separated into two types, slow and fast, depending on the ratio of flare decay time to flare rise time. The ratio is below 3.5 for all slow flares, while it is above 3.5 for all fast flares. Also, according to the independent samples t-test, there is a difference of about 157 s between equivalent durations of slow and fast flares. In addition, there are significant differences between amplitudes and rise times of slow and fast flares.

Dal, H. A.; Evren, S., E-mail: ali.dal@ege.edu.t [Department of Astronomy and Space Sciences, University of Ege, Bornova, 35100 Izmir (Turkey)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

188

Fnr Is required for NifL-dependent oxygen control of nif gene expression in Klebsiella pneumoniae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Klebsiella pneumoniae, NifA-dependent transcription of nitrogen fixation (nif) genes is inhibited by NifL in response to molecular oxygen and combined nitrogen. We recently showed that K. pneumoniae NifL is a flavoprotein, which apparently senses oxygen through a redox-sensitive, conformational change. We have now studied the oxygen regulation of NifL activity in Escherichia coli and K. pneumoniae strains by monitoring its inhibition of NifA-mediated expression of K. pneumoniae (nifH?-?lacZ) fusions in different genetic backgrounds. Strains of both organisms carrying fnr null mutations failed to release NifL inhibition of NifA transcriptional activity under oxygen limitation: nif induction was similar to the induction under aerobic conditions. When the transcriptional regulator Fnr was synthesized from a plasmid, it was able to complement, i.e., to relieve NifL inhibition in the fnr mutant backgrounds. Hence, Fnr appears to be involved, directly or indirectly, in NifL-dependent oxygen regulation of nif gene expression in K. pneumoniae. The data indicate that in the absence of Fnr, NifL apparently does not receive the signal for anaerobiosis. We therefore hypothesize that in the absence of oxygen, Fnr, as the primary oxygen sensor, activates transcription of a gene or genes whose product or products function to relieve NifL inhibition by reducing the flavin adenine dinucleotide cofactor under oxygen-limiting conditions. In diazotrophic proteobacteria, transcription of the nitrogen

Roman Grabbe; Kai Klopprogge; Ruth; A. Schmitz

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Ribosome collisions and Translation efficiency: Optimization by codon usage and mRNA destabilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Individual mRNAs are translated by multiple ribosomes that initiate translation with a few seconds interval. The ribosome speed is codon dependant, and ribosome queuing has been suggested to explain specific data for translation of some mRNAs in vivo. By modelling the stochastic translation process as a traffic problem, we here analyze conditions and consequences of collisions and queuing. The model allowed us to determine the on-rate (0.8 to 1.1 initiations per sec) and the time (1 sec) the preceding ribosome occludes initiation for Escherichia coli lacZ mRNA in vivo. We find that ribosome collisions and queues are inevitable consequences of a stochastic translation mechanism that reduce the translation efficiency substantially on natural mRNAs. The cells minimize collisions by having its mRNAs being unstable and by a highly selected codon usage in the start of the mRNA. The cost of mRNA breakdown is offset by the concomitant increase in translational efficiency.

Namiko Mitarai; Kim Sneppen; Steen Pedersen

2008-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

190

The Complex 0.1-100 keV X-Ray Spectrum of PKS2155-304  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A long ($>100,000$ seconds) observation of the bright BL Lac object PKS 2155-304 has been carried out with the Narrow Field Instruments of the BeppoSAX satellite as part of the Science Verification Phase. The source was detected between 0.1 and about 100 keV at an intermediate intensity level compared to previous observations. The unique spectral coverage of BeppoSAX has allowed us to detect a number of spectral features. Between 0.1 and 10 keV the spectrum can be well described by a convex spectrum with (energy) slope gradually steepening from 1.1 to 1.6. At higher energies evidence for a sharp spectral hardening is found, while in the soft X-rays (0.1-1.0 keV) some evidence for an absorption feature was found. Indication for an emission line at 6.4 keV in the source rest frame is present. Repeated variability of $\\approx 20-30%$ around the mean flux is clearly detected on time scales of a few hours. From the symmetry and timescale of the observed variations we derive limits on the magnetic field and on the maximum energy of the emitting particles, implying that PKS 2155-304 should not be bright at TeV energies.

P. Giommi et al

1998-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

191

XMM-Newton timing mode observations of Mrk 421  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of a detailed temporal analysis of the bright BL Lac object Mrk 421 using the three available long timing mode observations by the EPIC PN camera. This detector mode is characterized by its long life time and is largely free of photon pile-up problems. The source was found in different intensity and variability states differing by up to more than a factor of three in count rate. A time resolved cross correlation analysis between the soft and hard energy bands revealed that the characteristics of the correlated emission, with lags of both signs, change on time scales of a few thousand seconds. Individual spectra, resolved on time scales of a few hundread seconds, can be quite well fitted by a broken power law. We find significant spectral variations on time scales as short as 500-1000 sec. Both the hard and the soft band spectral indices show a non-linear correlation with the source flux. A comparison of the observed light curves with numerical results from relativistic hydrodynamic computer simulations of the currently favored shock-in-jet models indicates that any determination of the jet's physical parameters from `simple' emission models must be regarded with caution: at any time we are seeing the emission from several emission regions distinct in space and time, which are connected by the complex hydrodynamic evolution of the non-uniform jet.

W. Brinkmann; I. E. Papadakis; C. Raeth; P. Mimica; F. Haberl

2005-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

192

In vivo facilitated diffusion model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Under dilute in vitro conditions transcription factors rapidly locate their target sequence on DNA by using the facilitated diffusion mechanism. However, whether this strategy of alternating between three-dimensional bulk diffusion and one-dimensional sliding along the DNA contour is still beneficial in the crowded interior of cells is highly disputed. Here we use a simple model for the bacterial genome inside the cell and present a semi-analytical model for the in vivo target search of transcription factors within the facilitated diffusion framework. Without having to resort to extensive simulations we determine the mean search time of a lac repressor in a living E. coli cell by including parameters deduced from experimental measurements. The results agree very well with experimental findings, and thus the facilitated diffusion picture emerges as a quantitative approach to gene regulation in living bacteria cells. Furthermore we see that the search time is not very sensitive to the parameters characterizing the DNA configuration and that the cell seems to operate very close to optimal conditions for target localization. Local searches as implied by the colocalization mechanism are only found to mildly accelerate the mean search time within our model.

Max Bauer; Ralf Metzler

2013-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

193

Very high energy gamma-ray emission from the blazar Markarian 421  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Very high energy gamma-ray emission from the BL Lac object Markarian 421 has been detected over three observing seasons on 59 nights between April 1992 and June 1994 with the Whipple 10-meter imaging Cherenkov telescope. During its initial detection in 1992, its flux above 500 GeV was 1.6\\times10^{-11}photons cm^{-2} s^{-1}. Observations in 1993 confirmed this level of emission. For observations made between December 1993 and April 1994, its intensity was a factor of 2.2\\pm0.5 lower. Observations on 14 and 15 May, 1994 showed an increase over this quiescent level by a factor of \\sim10 (Kerrick et al. 1995). This strong outburst suggests that 4 episodes of increased flux measurements on similar time scales in 1992 and 1994 may be attributed to somewhat weaker outbursts. The variability of the TeV gamma-ray emission from Markarian 421 stands in contrast to EGRET observations (Lin et al. 1994) which show no evidence for variability.

Schubnell, M S; Buckley, S B J; Carter-Lewis, D A; Cawley, M F; Chantell, M C; Connaughton, V; Fegan, D J; Fennell, S; Gaidos, J A; Hillas, A M; Meyer, D I; Mohanty, G B; Rose, J; Rovero, A C; Sembroski, G H; Weekes, T C; Wilson, C; Zweerink, J A; Buckley, S Biller J

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Report on siphon penstocks for hydroelectric projects  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report on the use of siphon penstocks for hydroelectric installations has been prepared under DOE Contract AC07-82ID12356 by Acres International Corporation and draws extensively on the information and data assembled by the following organizations: CHI Engineering Services; Clearwater Hydro; Gannett Fleming Water Resources Engineers, Inc.; Harza Engineering Company; J. Kenneth Fraser and Associates, P.C.; Mead and Hunt, Inc.; TKO Power--Ott Water Engineers, Inc.; and Williams and Broome, Inc. The purpose of the study was to review the design, construction, operation, and maintenance considerations for siphon penstocks. The discussions, data, and information presented are based on experiences with the following operational siphon penstock plants: Columbia Mills Hydroelectric Plant, Virginia; Jim Falls Minimum Flow Unit Hydro Development, Wisconsin; Lac Courte Oreilles Hydro Development, Wisconsin; Ontelaunee Hydroelectric Project, Pennsylvania; Pine Grove Dam Hydroelectric Station, Pennsylvania; Pocono Lake Hydroelectric Project, Pennsylvania; Schaads Reservoir Hydroelectric Project, California; Second Broad River Hydroelectric Project, North Carolina; Superior Dam Power Station, Michigan; Tierckenkill Falls Hydroelectric Project, New York; and Traicao Hydroelectric Project, Brazil. 71 figs., 12 tabs.

Not Available

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Repression of the Drosophila proliferating-cell nuclear antigen gene promoter by zerknuellt protein  

SciTech Connect

A 631-bp fragment containing the 5{prime}-flanking region of the Drosophila melanogaster proliferating-cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) gene was placed upstream of the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene of a CAT vector. A transient expression assay of CAT activity in Drosophila Kc cells transfected with this plasmid and a set of 5{prime}-deletion derivatives revealed that the promoter function resided within a 192-bp region. Cotransfection with a zerknuellt (zen)-expressing plasmid specifically repressed CAT expression. However, cotransfection with expression plasmids for a nonfunctional zen mutation, even skipped, or bicoid showed no significant effect on CAT expression. RNase protection analysis revealed that the repression by zen was at the transcription step. The target sequence of zen was mapped within the 34-bp region of the PCNA gene promoter, even though it lacked zen protein-binding sites. Transgenic flies carrying the PCNA gene regulatory region fused with lacZ were established. These results indicate that zen indirectly represses PCNA gene expression, probably by regulating the expression of some transcription factor(s) that binds to the PCNA gene promoter.

Yamaguchi, Masamitsu; Hirose, Fumiko; Nishida, Yasuyoshi; Matsukage, Akio (Aichi Cancer Center Research Inst., Nagoya (Japan))

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Rapid Variability: What do we learn from correlated mm-/gamma-ray variability in jets ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Densely time sampled multi-frequency flux measurements of the extreme BL Lac object S5 0716+714 over the past three years allow us to study its broad-band variability, and the detailed underlying physics, with emphasis on the location and size of the emitting regions and the evolution with time. We study the characteristics of some prominent mm-/gamma-ray flares in the context of the shock-in-jet model and investigate the location of the high energy emission region. The rapid rise and decay of the radio flares is in agreement with the formation of a shock and its evolution, if a geometrical variation is included in addition to intrinsic variations of the source. We find evidence for a correlation between flux variations at gamma-ray and radio frequencies. A two month time-delay between gamma-ray and radio flares indicates a non-cospatial origin of gamma-rays and radio flux variations in S5 0716+714.

Rani, B; Fuhrmann, L; Lott, B; Boettcher, M; Zensus, J A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Discovery of very high energy gamma-ray emission from the blazar 1ES 1727+502 with the MAGIC Telescopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by the Costamante & Ghisellini (2002) predictions we investigated if the blazar 1ES 1727+502 (z=0.055) is emitting very high energy (VHE, E>100 GeV) gamma rays. We observed the BL Lac object 1ES 1727+502 in stereoscopic mode with the two MAGIC telescopes during 14 nights between May 6th and June 10th 2011, for a total effective observing time of 12.6 hours. For the study of the multiwavelength spectral energy distribution (SED) we use simultaneous optical R-band data from the KVA telescope, archival UV/optical and X-ray observations by instruments UVOT and XRT on board of the Swift satellite and high energy (HE, 0.1 GeV - 100 GeV) gamma-ray data from the Fermi-LAT instrument. We detect, for the first time, VHE gamma-ray emission from 1ES 1727+502 at a statistical significance of 5.5 sigma. The integral flux above 150 GeV is estimated to be (2.1\\pm0.4)% of the Crab Nebula flux and the de-absorbed VHE spectrum has a photon index of (2.7\\pm0.5). No significant short-term variability was found in an...

Aleksi?, J; Antoranz, P; Asensio, M; Backes, M; de Almeida, U Barres; Barrio, J A; Gonzlez, J Becerra; Bednarek, W; Berger, K; Bernardini, E; Biland, A; Blanch, O; Bock, R K; Boller, A; Bonnefoy, S; Bonnoli, G; Tridon, D Borla; Borracci, F; Bretz, T; Carmona, E; Carosi, A; Fidalgo, D Carreto; Colin, P; Colombo, E; Contreras, J L; Cortina, J; Cossio, L; Covino, S; Da Vela, P; Dazzi, F; De Angelis, A; De Caneva, G; De Lotto, B; Mendez, C Delgado; Doert, M; Domnguez, A; Prester, D Dominis; Dorner, D; Doro, M; Eisenacher, D; Elsaesser, D; Farina, E; Ferenc, D; Fonseca, M V; Font, L; Fruck, C; Lpez, R J Garca; Garczarczyk, M; Terrats, D Garrido; Gaug, M; Giavitto, G; Godinovi?, N; Muoz, A Gonzlez; Gozzini, S R; Hadamek, A; Hadasch, D; Hfner, D; Herrero, A; Hose, J; Hrupec, D; Idec, W; Jankowski, F; Kadenius, V; Klepser, S; Knoetig, M L; Krhenbhl, T; Krause, J; Kushida, J; La Barbera, A; Lelas, D; Lewandowska, N; Lindfors, E; Lombardi, S; Lpez, M; Lpez-Coto, R; Lpez-Oramas, A; Lorenz, E; Lozano, I; Makariev, M; Mallot, K; Maneva, G; Mankuzhiyil, N; Mannheim, K; Maraschi, L; Marcote, B; Mariotti, M; Martnez, M; Masbou, J; Mazin, D; Meucci, M; Miranda, J M; Mirzoyan, R; Moldn, J; Moralejo, A; Munar-Adrover, P; Nakajima, D; Niedzwiecki, A; Nilsson, K; Nowak, N; Orito, R; Paiano, S; Palatiello, M; Paneque, D; Paoletti, R; Paredes, J M; Partini, S; Persic, M; Prada, F; Moroni, P G Prada; Prandini, E; Puljak, I; Reichardt, I; Reinthal, R; Rhode, W; Rib, M; Rico, J; Rgamer, S; Saggion, A; Saito, K; Saito, T Y; Salvati, M; Satalecka, K; Scalzotto, V; Scapin, V; Schultz, C; Schweizer, T; Shore, S N; Sillanp, A; Sitarek, J; Snidaric, I; Sobczynska, D; Spanier, F; Spiro, S; Stamatescu, V; Stamerra, A; Steinke, B; Storz, J; Sun, S; Suri?, T; Takalo, L; Takami, H; Tavecchio, F; Temnikov, P; Terzi?, T; Tescaro, D; Teshima, M; Tibolla, O; Torres, D F; Toyama, T; Treves, A; Uellenbeck, M; Vogler, P; Wagner, R M; Weitzel, Q; Zandanel, F; Zanin, R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

The unique glutathione reductase from Xanthomonas campestris: Gene expression and enzyme characterization  

SciTech Connect

The glutathione reductase gene, gor, was cloned from the plant pathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli. Its gene expression and enzyme characteristics were found to be different from those of previously studied homologues. Northern blot hybridization, promoter-lacZ fusion, and enzyme assay experiments revealed that its expression, unlike in Escherichia coli, is OxyR-independent and constitutive upon oxidative stress conditions. The deduced amino acid sequence shows a unique NADPH binding motif where the most highly conserved arginine residue, which is critical for NADPH binding, is replaced by glutamine. Interestingly, a search of the available Gor amino acid sequences from various sources, including other Xanthomonas species, revealed that this replacement is specific to the genus Xanthomonas. Recombinant Gor enzyme was purified and characterized, and was found to have a novel ability to use both, NADPH and NADH, as electron donor. A gor knockout mutant was constructed and shown to have increased expression of the organic peroxide-inducible regulator gene, ohrR.

Loprasert, Suvit [Laboratory of Biotechnology, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Lak Si, Bangkok 10210 (Thailand)]. E-mail: suvit@cri.or.th; Whangsuk, Wirongrong [Laboratory of Biotechnology, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Lak Si, Bangkok 10210 (Thailand); Sallabhan, Ratiboot [Laboratory of Biotechnology, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Lak Si, Bangkok 10210 (Thailand); Mongkolsuk, Skorn [Laboratory of Biotechnology, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Lak Si, Bangkok 10210 (Thailand); Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400 (Thailand)

2005-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

199

On the Computational Power of Photosynthesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

e nd ant p hase tak e s p lac e in the thy lak oid m e m b rane s of the chlorop last. NADP+ NADPH O 2H+ H O Electron Chain I E.C. II Light Energy Light Energy 2 electrons 2 electrons Photosystem II Photosystem I F igu re 1: T he light d e p e nd ant p hase of p hotosy nthe sis show ing non-c y c lic p hotop hosp ory lation 2.1.1 Photosystem II Light energy is absorbed by chlorophyll which becomes oxidised by losing two electrons. H 2 O is split by an enzyme to provide electrons to reduce the oxidised chlorophyll. Four H ions and an O 2 molecule are released for every two H 2 O molecules. The electrons are passed to photosystem I via an electron transport chain. As the electrons move down the chain they are used to pull a H ion across the thylakoid membrane. This creates a "proton gradient" which will cause a H ion to exit the thylakoid membrane via ATP synthase. This is called a "proton pump". ATP synthase combines a phosphate and adenosine diphosphate (

Niall Murphy; Damien Woods; Thomas J. Naughton; Electron Chain I; Photosystem I

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Expression Optimization and Inducible Negative Feedback in Cell-Free Systems  

SciTech Connect

Synthetic biology offers great promise to a variety of applications through the forward engineering of biological function. Most efforts in this field have focused on employing living cells. Cell-free approaches, on the other hand, offer simpler and more flexible contexts, but few synthetic systems based on cell-free protein expression have been constructed. Here, we evaluate cell-free regulatory systems based on T7 promoter driven expression, and we demonstrate negative feedback, an essential motif in many natural and engineered systems. First, we characterize variants of TetR and LacI repressible T7 promoters in a cell-free context and examine sequence elements that determine expression efficiency. Then, we explore different approaches for composing regulatory systems, leading to the implementation of inducible negative feedback in E. coli extracts and in the minimal PURE system, which consists of purified proteins necessary for transcription and translation. Our quantitative cell-free component characterizations and demonstration of negative feedback embody important steps on the path to harnessing biological function in a bottom up fashion.

Karig, David K [ORNL; Iyer, Sukanya [ORNL; Simpson, Michael L [ORNL; Doktycz, Mitchel John [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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201

A Survey of z>5.7 Quasars in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey IV: Discovery of Seven Additional Quasars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the discovery of seven quasars at z>5.7, selected from ~2000 deg^2 of multicolor imaging data of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). The new quasars have redshifts z from 5.79 to 6.13. Five are selected as part of a complete flux-limited sample in the SDSS Northern Galactic Cap; two have larger photometric errors and are not part of the complete sample. One of the new quasars, SDSS J1335+3533 (z=5.93), exhibits no emission lines; the 3-sigma limit on the rest-frame equivalent width of Ly alpha+NV line is 5 A. It is the highest redshift lineless quasar known, and could be a gravitational lensed galaxy, a BL Lac object or a new type of quasar. Two new z>6 quasars, SDSS 1250+3130 (z=6.13) and SDSS J1137+3549 (z=6.01), show deep Gunn-Peterson absorption gaps in Ly alpha. These gaps are narrower the complete Gunn-Peterson absorption troughs observed among quasars at z>6.2 and do not have complete Ly beta absorption.

Xiaohui Fan; Michael A. Strauss; Gordon T. Richards; Joseph F. Hennawi; Robert H. Becker; Richard L. White; Aleksandar M. Diamond-Stanic; Jennifer L. D onley; Linhua Jiang; J. Serena Kim; Marianne Vestergaard; Jason E. Young; James E. Gunn; Robert H. Lupton; Gillian R. Knapp; Donald P. Schneider; W. N. Brandt; Neta A. Bahcall; J. C. Barentine; J. Brinkmann; Howard J. Brewington; Masataka F ukugita; Michael Harvanek; S. J. Kleinman; Jurek Krzesinski; Dan Long; Eric H. N eilsen, Jr.; Atsuko Nitta; Stephanie A. Snedden; Wolfgang Voges

2005-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

202

A Survey of z>5.7 Quasars in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey IV: Discovery of Seven Additional Quasars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the discovery of seven quasars at z>5.7, selected from ~2000 deg^2 of multicolor imaging data of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). The new quasars have redshifts z from 5.79 to 6.13. Five are selected as part of a complete flux-limited sample in the SDSS Northern Galactic Cap; two have larger photometric errors and are not part of the complete sample. One of the new quasars, SDSS J1335+3533 (z=5.93), exhibits no emission lines; the 3-sigma limit on the rest-frame equivalent width of Ly alpha+NV line is 5 A. It is the highest redshift lineless quasar known, and could be a gravitational lensed galaxy, a BL Lac object or a new type of quasar. Two new z>6 quasars, SDSS 1250+3130 (z=6.13) and SDSS J1137+3549 (z=6.01), show deep Gunn-Peterson absorption gaps in Ly alpha. These gaps are narrower the complete Gunn-Peterson absorption troughs observed among quasars at z>6.2 and do not have complete Ly beta absorption.

Fan, X; Barentine, J C; Becker, R H; Brandt, W N; Brewington, H J; Brinkmann, J; Diamond-Stanic, A M; Gunn, J E; Harvanek, M; Hennawi, J F; Jiang, L; Kim, J S; Kleinman, S J; Knapp, G R; Krzesnski, J; Long, D; Lupton, R H; Nitta, A; Richards, G T; Schneider, D P; Snedden, S A; Strauss, M A; Vestergaard, M; Voges, W; White, R L; Young, J E; eilsen, E H N; onley, J L D; ukugita, M F; Bahcall, Neta A.; Becker, Robert H.; Brewington, Howard J.; Diamond-Stanic, Aleksandar M.; Fan, Xiaohui; Gunn, James E.; Harvanek, Michael; Hennawi, Joseph F.; Jiang, Linhua; Knapp, Gillian R.; Krzesinski, Jurek; Long, Dan; Lupton, Robert H.; Nitta, Atsuko; Richards, Gordon T.; Schneider, Donald P.; Snedden, Stephanie A.; Strauss, Michael A.; Vestergaard, Marianne; Voges, Wolfgang; White, Richard L.; Young, Jason E.; eilsen, Eric H. N; onley, Jennifer L. D; ukugita, Masataka F

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

A Survey of z > 5.7 Quasars in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey IV: Discovery of Seven Additional Quasars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present the discovery of seven quasars at z > 5.7, selected from {approx} 2000 deg{sup 2} of multicolor imaging data of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). The new quasars have redshifts z from 5.79 to 6.13. Five are selected as part of a complete flux-limited sample in the SDSS Northern Galactic Cap; two have larger photometric errors and are not part of the complete sample. One of the new quasars, SDSS J1335+3533 (z = 5.93), exhibits no emission lines; the 3-{sigma} limit on the rest-frame equivalent width of Ly{alpha}+NV line is 5 {angstrom}. It is the highest redshift lineless quasar known, and could be a gravitational lensed galaxy, a BL Lac object or a new type of quasar. Two new z > 6 quasars, SDSS 1250+3130 (z = 6.13) and SDSS J1137+3549 (z = 6.01), show deep Gunn-Peterson troughs in Ly{alpha}. These troughs are narrower than those observed among quasars at z > 6.2 and do not have complete Ly{beta} absorption.

Fan, X; Strauss, M A; Richards, G T; Hennawi, J F; Becker, R H; White, R L; Diamond-Stanic, A M; Donley, J L; Jiang, L; Kim, J S; Vestergaard, M; Young, J E; Gunn, J E; Lupton, R H; Knapp, G R; Schneider, D P; Brandt, W N; Bahcall, N A; Barentine, J C; Brinkmann, J; Brewington, H J; Fukugita, M; Harvanek, M; Kleinman, S J; Krzesinski, J; Long, D; Neilsen Jr., E H; Nitta, A; Snedden, S A; Voges, W

2006-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

204

A survey of z > 5.7 quasars in the sloan digital sky survey. 4. discovery of seven additional quasars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the discovery of seven quasars at z > 5.7, selected from {approx}2000 deg{sup 2} of multicolor imaging data of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). The new quasars have redshifts z from 5.79 to 6.13. Five are selected as part of a complete flux-limited sample in the SDSS Northern Galactic Cap; two have larger photometric errors and are not part of the complete sample. One of the new quasars, SDSS J1335+3533 (z = 5.93), exhibits no emission lines; the 3-{sigma} limit on the rest-frame equivalent width of Ly{alpha} + NV line is 5 {angstrom}. It is the highest redshift lineless quasar known, and could be a gravitational lensed galaxy, a BL Lac object or a new type of quasar. Two new z > 6 quasars, SDSS 1250+3130 (z = 6.13) and SDSS J1137+3549 (z = 6.01), show deep Gunn-Peterson absorption gaps in Ly{alpha}. These gaps are narrower the complete Gunn-Peterson absorption troughs observed among quasars at z > 6.2 and do not have complete Ly{beta} absorption.

Fan, Xiao-Hui; Strauss, Michael A.; Richards, Gordon T.; Hennawi, Joseph F.; Becker, Robert H.; White, Richard L.; Diamond-Stanic, Aleksandar M.; onley, Jennifer L.D; Jiang, Lin-Hua; Kim, J.Serena; Vestergaard, Marianne; Young, Jason E.; Gunn, James E.; Lupton, Robert H.; Knapp, Gillian R.; Schneider, Donald P.; Brandt, W.N.; Bahcall, Neta A.; Barentine, J.C.; Brinkmann, J.; Brewington, Howard J.; /Arizona U., Astron. Dept. - Steward Observ. /Princeton U. Observ. /Johns Hopkins U. /UC, Berkeley, Astron. Dept. /UC, Davis /LLNL, Livermore /Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci. /Penn State U., Astron. Astrophys. /Apache Point Observ. /Tokyo U., ICRR /Mt. Suhora Observ., Cracow /Fermilab /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Detection of phenols using engineered bacteria  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Detection of phenols using engineered bacteria. A biosensor can be created by placing a reporter gene under control of an inducible promoter. The reporter gene produces a signal when a cognate transcriptional activator senses the inducing chemical. Creation of bacterial biosensors is currently restricted by limited knowledge of the genetic systems of bacteria that catabolize xenobiotics. By using mutagenic PCR to change the chemical specificity of the Pseudomonas species CF600 DmpR protein, the potential for engineering novel biosensors for detection of phenols has been demonstrated. DmpR, a well-characterized transcriptional activator of the P. CF600's dmp operon mediates growth on simple phenols. Transcription from Po, the promoter heading the dmp operon, is activated when the sensor domain of DmpR interacts with phenol and mono-substituted phenols. By altering the sensor domain of the DmpR, a group of DmpR derivatives that activate transcription of a Po-lacZ fusion in response to eight of the EPA's eleven priority pollutant phenols has been created. The assays and the sensor domain mutations that alter the chemical specificity of DmpR is described.

Wise, Arlene A. (Philadelphia, PA); Kuske, Cheryl R. (Los Alamos, NM); Terwilliger, Thomas C. (Santa Fe, NM)

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

206

The TeV spectrum of H1426+428  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The BL Lac object H1426+428 was recently detected as a high energy gamma-ray source by the VERITAS collaboration (Horan et al. 2002). We have reanalyzed the 2001 portion of the data used in the detection in order to examine the spectrum of H1426+428 above 250 GeV. We find that the time-averaged spectrum agrees with a power law of the shape dF/dE = 10^(-7.31 +- 0.15(stat) +- 0.16(syst)) x E^(-3.50 +- 0.35(stat) +- 0.05(syst)) m^(-2)s^(-1)TeV^(-1) The statistical evidence from our data for emission above 2.5 TeV is 2.6 sigma. With 95% c.l., the integral flux of H1426+428 above 2.5 TeV is larger than 3% of the corresponding flux from the Crab Nebula. The spectrum is consistent with the (non-contemporaneous) measurement by Aharonian et al. (2002) both in shape and in normalization. Below 800 GeV, the data clearly favours a spectrum steeper than that of any other TeV Blazar observed so far indicating a difference in the processes involved either at the source or in the intervening space.

D. Petry; I. H. Bond; S. M. Bradbury; J. H. Buckley; D. A. Carter-Lewis; W. Cui; C. Duke; I. de la Calle Perez; A. Falcone; D. J. Fegan; S. J. Fegan; J. P. Finley; J. A. Gaidos; K. Gibbs; S. Gammell; J. Hall; T. A. Hall; A. M. Hillas; J. Holder; D. Horan; M. Jordan; M. Kertzman; D. Kieda; J. Kildea; J. Knapp; K. Kosack; F. Krennrich; S. LeBohec; P. Moriarty; D. Mller; T. N. Nagai; R. Ong; M. Page; R. Pallassini; B. Power-Mooney; J. Quinn; N. W. Reay; P. T. Reynolds; H. J. Rose; M. Schroedter; G. H. Sembroski; R. Sidwell; N. Stanton; S. P. Swordy; V. V. Vassiliev; S. P. Wakely; G. Walker; T. C. Weekes

2002-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

207

Abundance analysis of prime B-type targets for asteroseismology I. Nitrogen excess in slowly-rotating beta Cephei stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of a detailed NLTE abundance study of nine beta Cephei stars, all of them being prime targets for theoretical modelling: gamma Peg, delta Cet, nu Eri, beta CMa, xi1 CMa, V836 Cen, V2052 Oph, beta Cep and DD (12) Lac. The following chemical elements are considered: He, C, N, O, Mg, Al, Si, S and Fe. Our abundance analysis is based on a large number of time-resolved, high-resolution optical spectra covering in most cases the entire oscillation cycle of the stars. Nitrogen is found to be enhanced by up to 0.6 dex in four stars, three of which have severe constraints on their equatorial rotational velocity, \\Omega R, from seismic or line-profile variation studies: beta Cep (\\Omega R~26 km/s), V2052 Oph (\\Omega R~56 km/s), delta Cet (\\Omega R field and briefly discuss recent theoretical work pointing to the occurrence of diffusion effects in beta Cephei stars possibly capable of altering the nitrogen surface abundance. On the other hand, the abundances of all the other chemical elements considered are, within the errors, indistinguishable from the values found for OB dwarfs in the solar neighbourhood. Despite the mild nitrogen excess observed in some objects, we thus find no evidence for a significantly higher photospheric metal content in the studied beta Cephei stars compared to non-pulsating B-type stars of similar characteristics.

T. Morel; K. Butler; C. Aerts; C. Neiner; M. Briquet

2006-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

208

Abundance analysis of prime B-type targets for asteroseismology I. Nitrogen excess in slowly-rotating beta Cephei stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of a detailed NLTE abundance study of nine beta Cephei stars, all of them being prime targets for theoretical modelling: gamma Peg, delta Cet, nu Eri, beta CMa, xi1 CMa, V836 Cen, V2052 Oph, beta Cep and DD (12) Lac. The following chemical elements are considered: He, C, N, O, Mg, Al, Si, S and Fe. Our abundance analysis is based on a large number of time-resolved, high-resolution optical spectra covering in most cases the entire oscillation cycle of the stars. Nitrogen is found to be enhanced by up to 0.6 dex in four stars, three of which have severe constraints on their equatorial rotational velocity, \\Omega R, from seismic or line-profile variation studies: beta Cep (\\Omega R~26 km/s), V2052 Oph (\\Omega R~56 km/s), delta Cet (\\Omega R < 28 km/s) and xi1 CMa (\\Omega R sin i < 10 km/s). The existence of core-processed material at the surface of such largely unevolved, slowly-rotating objects is not predicted by current evolutionary models including rotation. We draw attention to ...

Morel, T; Aerts, C; Neiner, C; Briquet, M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Environmental research brief: Pollution prevention assessment for a manufacturer of components for outboard motors  

SciTech Connect

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has funded a Pilot project to assist small and medium-size manufacture who want to minimize their generation of waste but who lac the expertise to do so. In an effort to assist these manufacturers Waste Minimization Assessment Centers (WMACs) we established at selected universities and procedures were adapted from the EPA Waste Minimization Opportunity Assessment Manual. The WMAC team at the University of Tennessee performed an assessment at a plant that manufactures outboard motors for water craft. Three basic subunits received from other manufacturing plants undergo primarily painting and assembly operations in order to produce the final product. The team`s report, detailing findings and recommendations, indicated that paint overspray waste and spent clean-up solvent are generated in large quantities and that significant cost savings could be achieved by installing robotic paint application equipment. This Research Brief was developed by the principal investigators and EPA`s National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Cincinnati, OH, to announce key findings of an ongoing research project that is fully documented in a separate report of the same title available from University City Science Center.

Jendrucko, R.J.; Coleman, T.N. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Engineering Science and Mechanics; Looby, G.P. [University City Science Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Environmental research brief: Pollution prevention assessment for a manufacturer of automotive lighting equipment and accessories  

SciTech Connect

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has funded a Pilot project to assist small and medium-size manufacture who want to minimize their generation of waste but who lac the expertise to do so. In an effort to assist these manufacturers Waste Minimization Assessment Centers (WMACs) we established at selected universities and procedures were adapted from the EPA Waste Minimization Opportunity Assessment Manual. The WMAC team at the University of Tennessee performed an assessment at a plant that manufactures outboard motors for water craft. Three basic subunits received from other manufacturing plants undergo primarily painting and assembly operations in order to produce the final product. The team`s report, detailing findings and recommendations, indicated that paint overspray waste and spent clean-up solvent are generated in large quantities and that significant cost savings could be achieved by installing robotic paint application equipment. This Research Brief was developed by the principal investigators and EPA`s National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Cincinnati, OH, to announce key findings of an ongoing research project that is fully documented in a separate report of the same title available from University City Science Center.

Fleischman, M.; Couch, B.; Handmaker, A. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Engineering Science and Mechanics; Looby, G.P. [University City Science Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Environmental research brief: Pollution prevention assessment for a manufacturer of outboard motors  

SciTech Connect

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has funded a Pilot project to assist small and medium-size manufacture who want to minimize their generation of waste but who lac the expertise to do so. In an effort to assist these manufacturers Waste Minimization Assessment Centers (WMACs) we established at selected universities and procedures were adapted from the EPA Waste Minimization Opportunity Assessment Manual. The WMAC team at the University of Tennessee performed an assessment at a plant that manufactures outboard motors for water craft. Three basic subunits received from other manufacturing plants undergo primarily painting and assembly operations in order to produce the final product. The team`s report, detailing findings and recommendations, indicated that paint overspray waste and spent clean-up solvent are generated in large quantities and that significant cost savings could be achieved by installing robotic paint application equipment. This Research Brief was developed by the principal investigators and EPA`s National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Cincinnati, OH, to announce key findings of an ongoing research project that is fully documented in a separate report of the same title available from University City Science Center.

Jendrucko, R.J.; Coleman, T.N. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Engineering Science and Mechanics; Looby, G.P. [University City Science Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Insulin and Bacteria  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Insulin and Bacteria Insulin and Bacteria Name: sid Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Can you explain Insulin production in bacteria and its regulation by IPTG. Replies: Information on expression of eukaryotic genes in bacteria can be found in any molecular biology textbook. See for instance 'Recombinant DNA by Watson, Gilman, Witkowski and Zoller, 2nd Ed., chapter 23 where the cloning of insulin is described. The use of an IPTG inducable promoter (the promoter of LacZ is only active when the inductor IPTG is present) is also explained in text books, and even in catalogs of the companies selling the plasmids that are used for such experiments. With a bit of reading you'll become an expert! Dr. Wassenaar I'm not sure what IPTG is. But are you referring to recombinant DNA technology? First a human gene for insulin was isolated and cut out of the human chromosome with restriction enzymes. These are enzymes that cut DNA at very specific spots in the DNA. They are like DNA scissors. Then a small piece of DNA called a plasmid is isolated from a bacteria. The same restriction enzyme is used to cut the plasmid. The insulin gene from the human is inserted into the bacterial DNA and they are sealed together with an enzyme called ligase. The plasmid is reinserted into the bacteria and the bacteria will treat the human insulin gene as its own. When it comes time to make protein it will make the insulin as well. Bacteria reproduce very rapidly and are easily maintained. We can get vats of human insulin by this method.

213

Evaluation of an in vitro toxicogenetic mouse model for hepatotoxicity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerous studies support the fact that a genetically diverse mouse population may be useful as an animal model to understand and predict toxicity in humans. We hypothesized that cultures of hepatocytes obtained from a large panel of inbred mouse strains can produce data indicative of inter-individual differences in in vivo responses to hepato-toxicants. In order to test this hypothesis and establish whether in vitro studies using cultured hepatocytes from genetically distinct mouse strains are feasible, we aimed to determine whether viable cells may be isolated from different mouse inbred strains, evaluate the reproducibility of cell yield, viability and functionality over subsequent isolations, and assess the utility of the model for toxicity screening. Hepatocytes were isolated from 15 strains of mice (A/J, B6C3F1, BALB/cJ, C3H/HeJ, C57BL/6J, CAST/EiJ, DBA/2J, FVB/NJ, BALB/cByJ, AKR/J, MRL/MpJ, NOD/LtJ, NZW/LacJ, PWD/PhJ and WSB/EiJ males) and cultured for up to 7 days in traditional 2-dimensional culture. Cells from B6C3F1, C57BL/6J, and NOD/LtJ strains were treated with acetaminophen, WY-14,643 or rifampin and concentration-response effects on viability and function were established. Our data suggest that high yield and viability can be achieved across a panel of strains. Cell function and expression of key liver-specific genes of hepatocytes isolated from different strains and cultured under standardized conditions are comparable. Strain-specific responses to toxicant exposure have been observed in cultured hepatocytes and these experiments open new opportunities for further developments of in vitro models of hepatotoxicity in a genetically diverse population.

Martinez, Stephanie M.; Bradford, Blair U. [Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599 (United States); Soldatow, Valerie Y. [Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599 (United States); CellzDirect/Invitrogen (a part of Life Technologies), Durham, NC 27703 (United States); Kosyk, Oksana; Sandot, Amelia [Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599 (United States); Witek, Rafal; Kaiser, Robert; Stewart, Todd; Amaral, Kirsten; Freeman, Kimberly; Black, Chris; LeCluyse, Edward L.; Ferguson, Stephen S. [CellzDirect/Invitrogen (a part of Life Technologies), Durham, NC 27703 (United States); Rusyn, Ivan, E-mail: iir@unc.edu [Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

214

Organization and regulation of the genes for nitrogen fixation in Rhodopseudomonas capsulata: Progress report, June 5, 1987-June 4, 1988  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have cloned a number of fragments of DNA containing genes necessary for nitrogen fixation from the photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter capsulatus. The nif genes are locally clustered but the clusters are on non-neighboring DNA restriction fragments. We sought to determine the physical linkage of these fragments, to determine their relationship with the corresponding nif genes of Klebsiella, and to determine the nucleotide sequence of some of the fragments. So far we have identified six or seven regulatory genes among these, using a nifH::lac fusion. Four of the regulatory genes are required for expression of nifH. Two of these, nifR1 and nifR2, have sequences homologous to ntrC and ntrB of enteric bacteria. A third, nifR4, has sequence homology, in the C-terminal region, to the ntrA genes of Rhizobium and Klebsiella. Constitutive expression of nifR4 in R. capsulatus, from a plasmid clone, complemented a nifR4 chromosomal mutant but not a nifR1 mutant. Moreover, both oxygen and ammonia regulation of nitrogenase were maintained under these conditions. These results are consistent with a model requiring both nifR1 and nifR4 for nitrogenase gene expression; they rule out our earlier suggestion that nifR1 is needed only to turn on nifR4. Current efforts are focused on the purification of RNA polymerase and the products of nifR1, nifR2, and nifR4 to study nif gene transcription in vitro, particularly with the goal of determining the role of DNA supercoiling in transcription.

Haselkorn, R.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

FROM THE BLAZAR SEQUENCE TO THE BLAZAR ENVELOPE: REVISITING THE RELATIVISTIC JET DICHOTOMY IN RADIO-LOUD ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We revisit the concept of a blazar sequence that relates the synchrotron peak frequency ({nu}{sub peak}) in blazars with synchrotron peak luminosity (L{sub peak}, in {nu}L{sub {nu}}) using a large sample of radio-loud active galactic nuclei. We present observational evidence that the blazar sequence is formed from two populations in the synchrotron {nu}{sub peak}-L{sub peak} plane, each forming an upper edge to an envelope of progressively misaligned blazars, and connecting to an adjacent group of radio galaxies having jets viewed at much larger angles to the line of sight. When binned by jet kinetic power (L{sub kin}; as measured through a scaling relationship with extended radio power), we find that radio core dominance decreases with decreasing synchrotron L{sub peak}, revealing that sources in the envelope are generally more misaligned. We find population-based evidence of velocity gradients in jets at low kinetic powers ({approx}10{sup 42}-10{sup 44.5} erg s{sup -1}), corresponding to Fanaroff-Riley (FR) I radio galaxies and most BL Lac objects. These low jet power 'weak-jet' sources, thought to exhibit radiatively inefficient accretion, are distinguished from the population of non-decelerating, low synchrotron-peaking (LSP) blazars and FR II radio galaxies ('strong' jets) which are thought to exhibit radiatively efficient accretion. The two-population interpretation explains the apparent contradiction of the existence of highly core-dominated, low-power blazars at both low and high synchrotron peak frequencies, and further implies that most intermediate synchrotron peak sources are not intermediate in intrinsic jet power between LSP and high synchrotron-peaking (HSP) sources, but are more misaligned versions of HSP sources with similar jet powers.

Meyer, Eileen T.; Fossati, Giovanni [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 (United States); Georganopoulos, Markos [Department of Physics, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250 (United States); Lister, Matthew L., E-mail: meyer@rice.edu [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States)

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

216

Improving The Fundamental Understanding Of Regional Seismic Signal Processing With A Unique Western Us Dataset  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This project builds a unique historic database of regional distance nuclear explosion, earthquake, and mine-related digital broadband seismograms. The emphasis is on data from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)- managed stations MNA, ELK, KNB and LAC that recorded many nuclear tests and nearby earthquakes in broadband digital form since 1980. We also include data from other open broadband stations in the western United States with long operating histories and/or ties to the International Monitoring System (IMS) (e.g. PFO, YKA, CMB, NEW, DUG, ANMO, TUC). These waveforms are associated with a reconciled catalog of events and station response information to facilitate analysis. The goal is to create a high-quality database that can be used in the future to analyze fundamental regional detection, location, magnitude, and discrimination issues. In the initial stages of the project, we are collecting continuous data from open stations and recovering event data from the LLNL-managed stations from past nuclear tests and earthquakes that exist but have not been collected together into a coherent database. We have also collected six different regional network catalogs from the University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), to provide accurate independent location information for events on the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and in the surrounding region. We have used NNSA-developed software to reconcile these catalogs with each other and to incorporate them into a set of larger continental scale (CNSS, USGS mining catalog compiled by Jim Dewey) and global scale (PDE, REB, ISC) catalogs. Finally, we incorporate the best catalogs of NTS nuclear event locations (DOE Rev 15) and source properties (Springer et al. 2002). The result is a single catalog of preferred origins, source information, an...

William Walter Kenneth; William R. Walter; Kenneth D. Smith; Teresa F. Hauk; Jennifer L. O' boyle; Flori Ryall; Douglas A. Dodge

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Log-parabolic spectra and particle acceleration in blazars. III: SSC emission in the TeV band from Mkn 501  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Curved broad-band spectral distributions of non-thermal sources like blazars are described well by a log-parabolic (LP) law where the second degree term measures the curvature. LP energy spectra can be obtained for relativistic electrons by means of a statistical acceleration mechanism whose probability of acceleration depends on energy. In this paper we compute the spectra radiated by an electron population via synchrotron (S) and Synchro-Self Compton(SSC) processes to derive the relations between the LP parameters. These spectra were obtained by means of an accurate numerical code. We found that the ratio between the curvature parameters of the S spectrum to that of the electrons is equal to about 0.2 instead of 0.25, the value foreseen in the delta approximation. Inverse Compton spectra are also intrinsically curved and can be approximated by a log-parabola only in limited ranges. The curvature parameter, estimated around the SED peak, may vary from a lower value than that of the S spectrum up to that of emitting electrons depending on whether the scattering is in the Thomson or in the Klein-Nishina regime. We applied this analysis to computing the SSC emission from the BL Lac object Mkn 501 during the large flare of April 1997. We fit simultaneous BeppoSAX and CAT data and reproduced intensities and spectral curvatures of both components with good accuracy. The large curvature observed in the TeV range was found to be mainly intrinsic, and therefore did not require a large pair production absorption against the extragalactic background. We regard this finding as an indication that the Universe is more transparent at these energies than previously assumed by several models found in the literature. This conclusion is supported by recent detection of two relatively high redshift blazars with H.E.S.S.

E. Massaro; A. Tramacere; M. Perri; P. Giommi; G. Tosti

2005-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

218

Log-parabolic spectra and particle acceleration in blazars - II: The BeppoSAX wide band X-ray spectra of Mkn 501  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of a spectral and temporal study of the complete set of BeppoSAX NFI (11) and WFC (71) observations of the BL Lac object Mkn 501. The WFC 2-28 keV data, reported here for the first time, were collected over a period of about five years, from September 1996 to October 2001. These observations, although not evenly distributed, show that Mkn 501, after going through a very active phase from spring 1997 to early 1999, remained in a low brightness state until late 2001. The data from the LECS, MECS and PDS instruments, covering the wide energy interval 0.1-150 keV, have been used to study in detail the spectral variability of the source. We show that the X-ray energy distribution of Mkn 501 is well described by a log-parabolic law in all luminosity states. This model allowed us to obtain good estimates of the SED synchrotron peak energy and of its associated power. The strong spectral variability observed, consisting of strictly correlated changes between the synchrotron peak energy and bolometric flux, suggests that the main physical changes are not only due to variations of the maximum Lorentz factor of the emitting particles but that other quantities must be varying as well. During the 1997 flare the high energy part of the spectrum of Mkn 501 shows evidence of an excess above the best fit log-parabolic law suggesting the existence of a second emission component that may be responsible for most of the observed variability.

E. Massaro; M. Perri; P. Giommi; R. Nesci; F. Verrecchia

2004-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

219

A Very High Energy Gamma-Ray Spectrum of 1ES 2344+514  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The BL Lacertae (BL Lac) object 1ES 2344+514 (1ES 2344), at a redshift of 0.044, was discovered as a source of very high energy (VHE) gamma rays by the Whipple Collaboration in 1995 \\citep{2344Catanese98}. This detection was recently confirmed by the HEGRA Collaboration \\citep{2344Hegra03}. As is typical for high-frequency peaked blazars, the VHE gamma-ray emission is highly variable. On the night of 20 December, 1995, a gamma-ray flare of 5.3-sigma significance was detected, the brightest outburst from this object to-date. The emission region is compatible with a point source. The spectrum between 0.8 TeV and 12.6 TeV can be described by a power law $\\frac{\\ud^3 N}{\\ud E \\ud A \\ud t}=(5.1\\pm1.0_{st}\\pm1.2_{sy})\\times10^{-7} (E/ \\mathrm{TeV})^{-2.54 \\pm0.17_{st}\\pm0.07_{sy}} \\mathrm{\\frac{1}{TeV m^2 s}}$. Comparing the spectral index with that of the other five confirmed TeV blazars, the spectrum of 1ES 2344 is similar to 1ES 1959+650, located at almost the same distance. The spectrum of 1ES 2344 is steeper than the brightest flare spectra of Markarian 421 (Mrk~421) and Markarian 501 (Mrk~501), both located at a distance about 2/3 that of 1ES 2344, and harder than the spectra of PKS 2155-304 and H~1426+428, which are located almost three times as far. This trend is consistent with attenuation caused by the infrared extragalactic background radiation.

M. Schroedter; H. M. Badran; J. H. Buckley; J. Bussons Gordo; D. A. Carter-Lewis; C. Duke; D. J. Fegan; S. F. Fegan; J. P. Finley; G. H. Gillanders; J. Grube; D. Horan; G. E. Kenny; M. Kertzman; K. Kosack; F. Krennrich; D. B. Kieda; J. Kildea; M. J. Lang; Kuen Lee; P. Moriarty; J. Quinn; M. Quinn; G. B. Power-Mooney; H. Sembroski; S. P. Wakely; V. V. Vassiliev; T. C. Weekes; J. Zweerink

2005-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

220

Modified Thermal-Optical Analysis Using Spectral Absorption Selectivity to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modified Thermal-Optical Analysis Using Spectral Absorption Selectivity to Modified Thermal-Optical Analysis Using Spectral Absorption Selectivity to Distinguish Black Carbon from Pyrolized Organic Carbon Title Modified Thermal-Optical Analysis Using Spectral Absorption Selectivity to Distinguish Black Carbon from Pyrolized Organic Carbon Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2008 Authors Hadley, Odelle L., Craig E. Corrigan, and Thomas W. Kirchstetter Journal Environmental Science and Technology Volume 42 Pagination 8459-8464 Abstract This study presents a method for analyzing the black carbon (BC) mass loading on a quartz fiber filter using a modified thermal-optical analysis method, wherein light transmitted through the sample is measured over a spectral region instead of at a single wavelength. Evolution of the spectral light transmission signal depends on the relative amounts of light-absorbing BC and char, the latter of which forms when organic carbon in the sample pyrolyzes during heating. Absorption selectivities of BC and char are found to be distinct and are used to apportion the amount of light attenuated by each component in the sample. Light attenuation is converted to mass concentration on the basis of derived mass attenuation efficiencies (MAEs) of BC and char. The fractions of attenuation due to each component are scaled by their individual MAE values and added together as the total mass of light absorbing carbon (LAC). An iterative algorithm is used to find the MAE values for both BC and char that provide the best fit to the carbon mass remaining on the filter (derived from direct measurements of thermally evolved CO2) at temperatures higher than 480 degrees C. This method was applied to measure the BC concentration in precipitation samples collected in northern California. The uncertainty in the measured BC concentration of samples that contained a high concentration of organics susceptible to char ranged from 12% to 100%, depending on the mass loading of BC on the filter. The lower detection limit for this method was approximately 0.35 microg of BC, and the uncertainty approached 20% for BC mass loading greater than 1.0 microg of BC.

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221

CLaSPS: A NEW METHODOLOGY FOR KNOWLEDGE EXTRACTION FROM COMPLEX ASTRONOMICAL DATA SETS  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we present the Clustering-Labels-Score Patterns Spotter (CLaSPS), a new methodology for the determination of correlations among astronomical observables in complex data sets, based on the application of distinct unsupervised clustering techniques. The novelty in CLaSPS is the criterion used for the selection of the optimal clusterings, based on a quantitative measure of the degree of correlation between the cluster memberships and the distribution of a set of observables, the labels, not employed for the clustering. CLaSPS has been primarily developed as a tool to tackle the challenging complexity of the multi-wavelength complex and massive astronomical data sets produced by the federation of the data from modern automated astronomical facilities. In this paper, we discuss the applications of CLaSPS to two simple astronomical data sets, both composed of extragalactic sources with photometric observations at different wavelengths from large area surveys. The first data set, CSC+, is composed of optical quasars spectroscopically selected in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey data, observed in the x-rays by Chandra and with multi-wavelength observations in the near-infrared, optical, and ultraviolet spectral intervals. One of the results of the application of CLaSPS to the CSC+ is the re-identification of a well-known correlation between the {alpha}{sub OX} parameter and the near-ultraviolet color, in a subset of CSC+ sources with relatively small values of the near-ultraviolet colors. The other data set consists of a sample of blazars for which photometric observations in the optical, mid-, and near-infrared are available, complemented for a subset of the sources, by Fermi {gamma}-ray data. The main results of the application of CLaSPS to such data sets have been the discovery of a strong correlation between the multi-wavelength color distribution of blazars and their optical spectral classification in BL Lac objects and flat-spectrum radio quasars, and a peculiar pattern followed by blazars in the WISE mid-infrared colors space. This pattern and its physical interpretation have been discussed in detail in other papers by one of the authors.

D'Abrusco, R.; Fabbiano, G.; Laurino, O. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Djorgovski, G.; Donalek, C.; Longo, G. [Department of Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, MC 249-17 1200 East California Blvd, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

222

THE COSMOLOGICAL IMPACT OF LUMINOUS TeV BLAZARS. II. REWRITING THE THERMAL HISTORY OF THE INTERGALACTIC MEDIUM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The universe is opaque to extragalactic very high energy gamma rays (VHEGRs, E > 100 GeV) because they annihilate and pair produce on the extragalactic background light. The resulting ultrarelativistic pairs are commonly assumed to lose energy primarily through inverse Compton scattering of cosmic microwave background (CMB) photons, reprocessing the original emission from TeV to GeV energies. In Broderick et al., we argued that this is not the case; powerful plasma instabilities driven by the highly anisotropic nature of the ultrarelativistic pair distribution provide a plausible way to dissipate the kinetic energy of the TeV-generated pairs locally, heating the intergalactic medium (IGM). Here, we explore the effect of this heating on the thermal history of the IGM. We collate the observed extragalactic VHEGR sources to determine a local VHEGR heating rate. Given the pointed nature of VHEGR observations, we estimate the correction for the various selection effects using Fermi observations of high- and intermediate-peaked BL Lac objects. As the extragalactic component of the local VHEGR flux is dominated by TeV blazars, we then estimate the evolution of the TeV blazar luminosity density by tying it to the well-observed quasar luminosity density and producing a VHEGR heating rate as a function of redshift. This heating is relatively homogeneous for z {approx}history of the IGM. Due to the homogeneous nature of the extragalactic background light, TeV blazars produce a uniform volumetric heating rate. This heating is sufficient to increase the temperature of the mean density IGM by nearly an order of magnitude, and at low densities by substantially more. It also naturally produces the inverted temperature-density relation inferred by recent observations of the high-redshift Ly{alpha} forest, a feature that is difficult to reconcile with standard reionization models. Finally, we close with a discussion on the possibility of detecting this hot low-density IGM suggested by our model either directly or indirectly via the local Ly{alpha} forest, the Comptonized CMB, or free-free emission, but we find that such measurements are currently not feasible.

Chang, Philip; Broderick, Avery E.; Pfrommer, Christoph, E-mail: aeb@cita.utoronto.ca, E-mail: pchang@cita.utoronto.ca, E-mail: christoph.pfrommer@h-its.org [Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8 (Canada)

2012-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

223

The ASTRI Mini-Array Science Case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ASTRI is a Flagship Project financed by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research, and led by INAF, the Italian National Institute of Astrophysics. Within this framework, INAF is currently developing an end-to-end prototype of a Small Size Telescope in a dual-mirror configuration (SST-2M) for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA), scheduled to start data acquisition in 2014. Although the ASTRI SST-2M prototype is mainly a technological demonstrator, it will perform scientific observations of the Crab Nebula, Mrk 421 and Mrk 501 at E>1 TeV. A remarkable improvement in terms of performance could come from the operation, in 2016, of a SST-2M mini-array, composed of a few SST-2M telescopes to be placed at final CTA Southern Site. The SST mini-array will be able to study in great detail relatively bright sources (a few x 10E-12 erg/cm2/s at 10 TeV) with angular resolution of a few arcmin and energy resolution of about 10-15%. Thanks to the stereo approach, it will be possible to verify the wide field of view (FoV) performance through the detections of very high-energy showers with core located at a distance up to 500 m, to compare the mini-array performance with the Monte Carlo expectations by means of deep observations of selected targets, and to perform the first CTA science at the beginning of the mini-array operations. Prominent sources such as extreme blazars, nearby well-known BL Lac objects and radio-galaxies, galactic pulsar wind nebulae, supernovae remnants, micro-quasars, and the Galactic Center can be observed in a previously unexplored energy range, in order to investigate the electron acceleration and cooling, relativistic and non relativistic shocks, the search for cosmic-ray (CR) Pevatrons, the study of the CR propagation, and the impact of the extragalactic background light on the spectra of the sources.

S. Vercellone; G. Agnetta; L. A. Antonelli; D. Bastieri; G. Bellassai; M. Belluso; C. Bigongiari; S. Billotta; B. Biondo; G. Bonanno; G. Bonnoli; P. Bruno; A. Bulgarelli; R. Canestrari; M. Capalbi; P. Caraveo; A. Carosi; E. Cascone; O. Catalano; M. Cereda; P. Conconi; V. Conforti; G. Cusumano; V. De Caprio; A. De Luca; A. Di Paola; F. Di Pierro; D. Fantinel; M. Fiorini; D. Fugazza; D. Gardiol; M. Ghigo; F. Gianotti; S. Giarrusso; E. Giro; A. Grillo; D. Impiombato; S. Incorvaia; A. La Barbera; N. La Palombara; V. La Parola; G. La Rosa; L. Lessio; G. Leto; S. Lombardi; F. Lucarelli; M. C. Maccarone; G. Malaguti; G. Malaspina; V. Mangano; D. Marano; E. Martinetti; R. Millul; T. Mineo; A. Misto'; C. Morello; G. Morlino; M. R. Panzera; G. Pareschi; G. Rodeghiero; P. Romano; F. Russo; B. Sacco; N. Sartore; J. Schwarz; A. Segreto; G. Sironi; G. Sottile; A. Stamerra; E. Strazzeri; L. Stringhetti; G. Tagliaferri; V. Testa; M. C. Timpanaro; G. Toso; G. Tosti; M. Trifoglio; P. Vallania; V. Zitelli; F. Tavecchio

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

224

Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering Spectroscopy of Single Molecules in Solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During this funding period, we have developed two breakthrough techniques. The first is stimulated Raman scattering microscopy, providing label-free chemical contrast for chemical and biomedical imaging based on vibrational spectroscopy. Spontaneous Raman microscopy provides specific vibrational signatures of chemical bonds, but is often hindered by low sensitivity. We developed a three-dimensional multiphoton vibrational imaging technique based on stimulated Raman scattering (SRS). The sensitivity of SRS imaging is significantly greater than that of spontaneous Raman microscopy, which is achieved by implementing high-frequency (megahertz) phase-sensitive detection. SRS microscopy has a major advantage over previous coherent Raman techniques in that it offers background-free and readily interpretable chemical contrast. We demonstrated a variety of biomedical applications, such as differentiating distributions of omega-3 fatty acids and saturated lipids in living cells, imaging of brain and skin tissues based on intrinsic lipid contrast, and monitoring drug delivery through the epidermis. This technology offers exciting prospect for medical imaging. The second technology we developed is stimulated emission microscopy. Many chromophores, such as haemoglobin and cytochromes, absorb but have undetectable fluorescence because the spontaneous emission is dominated by their fast non-radiative decay. Yet the detection of their absorption is difficult under a microscope. We use stimulated emission, which competes effectively with the nonradiative decay, to make the chromophores detectable, as a new contrast mechanism for optical microscopy. We demonstrate a variety of applications of stimulated emission microscopy, such as visualizing chromoproteins, non-fluorescent variants of the green fluorescent protein, monitoring lacZ gene expression with a chromogenic reporter, mapping transdermal drug distribu- tions without histological sectioning, and label-free microvascular imaging based on endogenous contrast of haemoglobin. For all these applications, sensitivity is orders of magnitude higher than for spontaneous emission or absorption contrast, permitting nonfluorescent reporters for molecular imaging. Although we did not accomplish the original goal of detecting single-molecule by CARS, our quest for high sensitivity of nonlinear optical microscopy paid off in providing the two brand new enabling technologies. Both techniques were greatly benefited from the use of high frequency modulation for microscopy, which led to orders of magnitude increase in sensitivity. Extensive efforts have been made on optics and electronics to accomplish these breakthroughs.

Sunney Xie, Wei Min, Chris Freudiger, Sijia Lu

2012-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

225

What is the purpose of our national parks?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A lively discussion ensues today over the ''mandate'' of America's national parks. Utilitarians say parks are for people-the forest always returns no matter what we do. Consevationists say, let's balance use between recreation and protection of natural resources. Preservationists say, the parks were created to protect the natural resources and recreation must be subordinate. In a capitalistic frenzy following Independence in 1776, Americans consumed, wasted, and sold their forests and wildlife, precipitating a host of ills upon the land such as, drought, floods, and wildlife extinctions. During this period the first 3 public reserves--Hot Springs, Mariposa Bigtree Grove with Yosemite, and Yellowstone were set apartl by Congress for the masses- particularly the poor-as national healing meccas and public playgrounds. Although the nation's timber supply was in danger of depletion by lumber barons who were rapidly harvesting virgin forests, the idea of federal forest reservles was repugnant and resisted by Congress until 1891. During this time Forest Reserves weren't deliberately enacted into law but came in as an amendment to the Timber Culture Act allowing Presidents the right to reserve forests on the headwaters of rivers to prevent seasonal flooding. This was done for conservation--not preservation-reasons, especially during the Teddy Roosevelt/Gifford Pinchot years. Sponsors of the National Park Service bill of 1916 wanted to develop the National Parks for mass use to prevent commercial exploitation by adjacent states of these areas. The law clearly wasn't passed with an environmental agenda in mind. Mather and Albright acting in concert together developed the scenic areas of the parks for recreational use, but left the rest of the park undeveloped which satisfied most environmental groups. Franklin D. Roosevelt sought to help the nation come out of a depression and develop parks with CCC funds. Park visitation improved and rapidly grew following WWII with another infusion of development during the mid-1950's to 60's. An environmental movement took the nation by storm during the period of rapid growth in park visitation. National Parks began losing their scenic appeal from over development and mass visitation. Planning frameworks were developed with names like ROS, C-CAP, VIM, LAC, and VERP to cope with the destructiveness of resource damage from mass visitation. Psychological needs to relieve stress in natural environments have been responsible for millions of visitors seeking recreation in National Parks and retirement communities surrounding them. Parks have been losing species since the 1920's when animal counts began, and will continue unless a science program of species enrichment is adopted. This will require the Park Service to abandon the failing policies of 'natural regulation' and 'nonintervention.' A new policy of natural education should be attempted by the Park Service to instill understanding and overcome fears and discomforts with fauna and flora which exist in the general public.

Manning, Orlinda D.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

CATALOG AND STATISTICAL STUDY OF X-RAY SELECTED BL LACERTAE OBJECTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a catalog of 312 X-ray selected BL Lacerate objects (XBLs), optically identified through the end of 2011. It contains the names from different surveys, equatorial coordinates, redshifts, multifrequency flux values, and luminosities for each source. In addition, the different characteristics of XBLs are statistically investigated (redshift, radio/optical/X-ray luminosities, central black hole (BH) mass, synchrotron peak frequency, broadband spectral indices, optical flux variability). Their values are collected through an extensive bibliographic and database search or calculated by us. The redshifts range from 0.031 to 0.702 with a maximum of the distribution at z = 0.223. The 1.4 GHz luminosities of XBLs log {nu}L{sub {nu}} {approx} 39-42 erg s{sup -1} while optical V and X-ray 0.1-2.4 keV bands show log {nu}L{sub {nu}} {approx} 43-46 erg s{sup -1}. The XBL hosts are elliptical galaxies with effective radii r{sub eff} = 3.2625.40 kpc and ellipticities, in = 0.040.52. Their R-band absolute magnitudes M{sub R} range from -21.11 mag to -24.86 mag with a mean value of -22.83 mag. The V - R indices of the hosts span from 0.61 to 1.52 and reveal a fourth-degree polynomial relationship with z that enables us to evaluate the redshifts of five sources whose V - R indices were determined from the observations but whose irredshifts values are either not found or not confirmed. The XBL nuclei show a wider range of 7.31 mag for M{sub R} with the highest luminosity corresponding to M{sub R} = -27.24 mag. The masses of central BHs are found in the interval log M{sub BH} = 7.39-9.30 solar masses (with distribution maximum at log M{sub BH}/M{sub Sun} = 8.30). The synchrotron peak frequencies are spread over the range log {nu}{sub peak} = 14.56-19.18 Hz with a peak of the distribution at log {nu}{sub peak} = 16.60 Hz. The broadband radio-to-optical ({alpha}{sub ro}), optical-to-X-ray ({alpha}{sub ox}), and radio-to-X-ray ({alpha}{sub rx}) spectral indices are distributed in the intervals (0.17,0.59), (0.56,1.48), and (0.41,0.75), respectively. In the optical energy range, the overall flux variability increases, on average, towards shorter wavelengths: ({Delta}m) = 1.22, 1.50, and 1.82 mag through the R, V, B bands of Johnson-Cousins system, respectively. XBLs seem be optically less variable at the intranight timescales compared to the radio-selected BL Lacs (RBLs).

Kapanadze, Bidzina Z., E-mail: bidzina_kapandaze@iliauni.edu.ge [E. Kharadze Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory at Ilia State University, 0162, Cholokashvili Avenue 3/5, Tbilisi (Georgia)

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

URANIUM-SERIES DISEQUILIBRIUM IN TUFF AND GRANITE:HYDROGEOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect

Uranium occurs naturally at trace levels in the major rock-forming minerals (quartz, feldspars, micas) in volcanic and plutonic rocks and is concentrated in accessory minerals (zircon, sphene, apatite). It may attain concentrations as high as 1000 ppm in the accessory minerals. Radiometric age determinations on zircon and sphene have shown that uranium migration from these minerals is generally negligible over prolonged periods of geologic time. Zircon grains separated from highly weathered igneous rocks have been found to retain most of their uranium. In contrast, the uranium fixed onto mineral grain boundaries or present in less-resistant minerals such as biotite or hornblende can be readily leached by groundwater. The ubiquitous presence of uranium in a rock makes it an ideal ''natural analogue'' for understanding the mobility of uranium at a potential site for nuclear fuel waste disposal and one that is easily overlooked in the search for suitable analogues for a disposal site. Several of the intermediate radionuclides in the decay series of the two long-lived isotopes of uranium ({sup 238}U and {sup 235}U) have half-lives greater than one year and are, therefore, of geological interest. In a sealed rock mass with no water-rock interactions, all intermediate radionuclides attain radioactive equilibrium with one another within a maximum 1-2 million years. Because rocks of the Yucca Mountain area and the Canadian Shield (both potential sites for nuclear waste disposal in the United States and Canadian programs, respectively) are considerably older, this condition (known as secular equilibrium) should exist in these rocks, and all daughter/parent radionuclide activity ratios should equal unity (1.000). If the ratios are found not to equal unity, then the rock has been disturbed, probably by groundwater transport of more soluble radionuclides into or away from the rock. How recently this migration has occurred can be determined from the half-life of the radionuclide involved. Depending on the analytical precision obtained, the observation of a {sup 234}U/{sup 238}U activity ratio that is less than or greater than 1.000 clearly shows that an isotope of uranium has migrated within the rock in the last 1-2 million years. Other daughter/parent activity ratios can be used to detect radionuclide migration over shorter time-scales, such as {sup 230}Th/{sup 234}U (300,000 years) and {sup 226}Ra/{sup 230}Th (8,000 years). Uranium-series disequilibrium is, therefore, a useful technique for application to site evaluation for nuclear fuel waste disposal because it can be used to: (1) show that so-called ''intact rock'' is indeed intact (i.e. radionuclides are in secular equilibrium and are immobile), (2) determine the principal flow regimes in a rock mass by analysis of rock matrix, fracture material, etc., (3) estimate the time period of recent radionuclide migration in the rock, and (4) proxy as a natural analogue for the potential mobility of uranium at the site. Several examples of these applications have been reported. This paper describes the use of uranium-series disequilibrium in the comparison of two North American sites: the water-saturated Lac du Bonnet granite batholith on the Canadian Shield and the unsaturated tuffs from the Exploratory Studies Facility (ESF) and Cross-Drift Tunnels at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. In particular, the fact that unfractured rock should be at secular equilibrium is applied to both sites to determine if the rock matrix is a significant flow path for groundwater.

M. Gasscoyne; N.H. Miller

2000-10-27T23:59:59.000Z