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1

Hartland Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hartland Wind Farm Hartland Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Hartland Wind Farm Facility Hartland Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status Proposed Developer Denali Energy Inc./Montgomery Energy Partners LP Location Ward ND Coordinates 48.556661°, -101.7777865° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.556661,"lon":-101.7777865,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

2

Magpie | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magpie Magpie Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Magpie Name Magpie Address 12050 N Pecos Street, Suite 210 Place Denver, CO Zip 80234 Sector Services Product Customer Software Development Services for Independent Software Vendors, System Integrators and their clients. Year founded 2001 Number of employees 51-200 Phone number 303 453 8380 Website http://www.magpieti.com/smart- Coordinates 39.9149815°, -105.0060959° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.9149815,"lon":-105.0060959,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

3

Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative (Redirected from Mille Lacs Electric Coop) Jump to: navigation, search Name Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Place Minnesota Utility Id 12546 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Dual Fuel Space Heating Rate Electric Combination Heating Rate Freedom Heating Rate Residential General Service Residential Green Power Energy Large Power Commercial Large Power - Industrial Industrial Light - 100 watt HPS Lighting Light - 150 watt HPS Lighting

4

Fluorescently Labeled Lac repressor Tetramer for Single-Molecule Analysis of Transcription Regulation Mechanisms.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Lac repressor is a transcription factor that represses expression of genes in the lac operon. The mechanism by which Lac repressor regulates transcription initiation remains (more)

Shammay, Nathanel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

E CO LAC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CO LAC CO LAC Jump to: navigation, search Name E&CO LAC Place Bloomfield, New York Zip NJ 07003 Sector Services Product E&Co is an independent non-profit organization which provids enterprise development services to sustainable energy projects. Coordinates 42.5454°, -88.365089° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.5454,"lon":-88.365089,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

6

Comments of Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities to Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy Comments of Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative More...

7

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Report | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » LAC Regional Platform Workshop Report Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us LAC Workshop Announcement Agenda Participant Package Accommodations Location & Transportation Insurance & Visas Participants Presentations Outcomes Report Links Contact Us LAC LEDS Report Document Title LAC LEDS workshop report - Final (revised 2 Jan 2013).pdf Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) Low Emissions Development Strategies (LEDS) Report Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site.

8

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Presentations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Presentations LAC Regional Platform Workshop Presentations Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us LAC Workshop Announcement Agenda Participant Package Accommodations Location & Transportation Insurance & Visas Participants Presentations Outcomes Report Links Contact Us Introductory Remarks: LAC Regional Platform and Workshop and the LEDS GP Session Document Title LEDS GP slides for LAC Event.pdf LEDS GP Slides Interactive Session 1: Planning and Sustaining a LEDS Process Document Title Fernando Farias - 1aChilev1.pdf Making the Case for LEDS and Building Political Support: Chile on Engaging Ministries and Political Leaders Lupe Guinand - 2012 11 06 PlanCC Apoyo Político VA (2)rev.pdf Planning for Climate Change Project (PlanCC) - Promoviendo Estrategias de Desarrollo Bajas en Carbono (LEDS) en el Perú

9

Ward Co. Dunn Co. McLean Co. McHenry Co. Mountrail Co. McKenzie Co.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

WHISKEY JOE WHISKEY JOE WHITE ASH SPRING COULEE DES LACS MAGPIE HARTLAND BEICEGEL CREEK RANCH COULEE WINNER CRAZY MAN CREEK GROS VENTRE BANK W BULLSNAKE UPLAND COULEE REFUGE LARSON GARNET ALKALI CREEK PLUMER RATTLESNAKE POINT ELLSWORTH CHURCH BORDER HANSON GROVER HULSE COULEE SAKAKAWEA AURELIA ROUND TOP BUTTE GORHAM BUTTE W MARMON MANITOU SHEALEY CLAYTON SERGIS N SADDLE BUTTE HAYLAND CEDAR COULEE BOWLINE LITTLE BUTTE LONG CREEK RHOADES HEDBERG FILLMORE EIDSVOLD FAIRFIELD WOLF BAY TOBACCO GARDEN N SPRING VALLEY ARNEGARD STAFFORD RICHBURG PRESCOTT BULL MOOSE S PASSPORT PHELPS BAY STAMPEDE BIG GULCH BLACKTAIL WESTHOPE WESTBERG DRY CREEK BEARS TAIL MINNESOTA ANTELOPE CREEK BLUE RIDGE NEWBURG E GRASSLAND NORTHGATE PLEASANT S SANDROCKS EAGLE NEST BEAR BUTTE DOLLAR JOE BIG MEADOW BARTA CHARLIE BOB HEART BUTTE RPD_MCKENZIECO_2 VALLEY ROAD GREAT NORTHERN

10

Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Place Minnesota Utility Id 12546 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Dual Fuel Space Heating Rate Electric Combination Heating Rate Freedom Heating Rate Residential General Service Residential Green Power Energy Large Power Commercial Large Power - Industrial Industrial Light - 100 watt HPS Lighting Light - 150 watt HPS Lighting Off-Peak Energy Rate Residential Peak Shave Water Heating Rate Residential

11

File:(131112) Presentacion LAC LEDs.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

131112) Presentacion LAC LEDs.pdf 131112) Presentacion LAC LEDs.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:(131112) Presentacion LAC LEDs.pdf Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels. Go to page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Go! next page → next page → Full resolution ‎(1,500 × 1,125 pixels, file size: 775 KB, MIME type: application/pdf, 10 pages) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 14:15, 12 December 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 14:15, 12 December 2012 1,500 × 1,125, 10 pages (775 KB) Gjones (Talk | contribs) You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup instructions for more information) File usage The following page links to this file:

12

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Links | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Links LAC Regional Platform Workshop Links Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us LAC Workshop Announcement Agenda Participant Package Accommodations Location & Transportation Insurance & Visas Participants Presentations Outcomes Report Links Contact Us One Page Event Summary (August 16, 2012) LEDS GP LA Regional Platform Launch Event 1 pager (81612)13.pdf }} Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site. Like Wikipedia, it is a "wiki" or website developed collaboratively by a community of users. Thanks to our unique relationship with OpenEI.org, you can add or edit most content on ledsgp.org. For more information about this

13

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Contact Us | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » LAC Regional Platform Workshop Contact Us Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us LAC Workshop Announcement Agenda Participant Package Accommodations Location & Transportation Insurance & Visas Participants Presentations Outcomes Report Links Contact Us For any questions regarding the LAC Regional Platform Workshop, please contact the LEDS GP Secretariat: Caroline Uriarte caroline.uriarte@nrel.gov Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site.

14

Lac qui Parle Valley School Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Farm Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Lac qui Parle Valley School Wind Farm Facility Lac qui Parle Valley School Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Energy Purchaser Lac qui Parle Valley School Location Madison MN Coordinates 45.073288°, -96.056312° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.073288,"lon":-96.056312,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

15

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Agenda | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » LAC Regional Platform Workshop Agenda Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us LAC Workshop Announcement Agenda Participant Package Accommodations Location & Transportation Insurance & Visas Participants Presentations Outcomes Report Links Contact Us Agenda Document Title Programme Overview.pdf Programme Overview (1 November 2012) LA workshop 2 pager (91812)1.pdf Overview Agenda (English) (26 September 2012) LA workshop 2 pager (91812)trad.pdf Overview Agenda (Español) (26 September 2012)

16

Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.7008379°, -88.2461183° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.7008379,"lon":-88.2461183,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

17

Mille Lacs County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mille Lacs County, Minnesota: Energy Resources Mille Lacs County, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 45.9228403°, -93.6218744° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.9228403,"lon":-93.6218744,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

18

Clustering of gamma-ray selected 2LAC Fermi Blazars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first measurement of the projected correlation function of 485 gamma-ray selected Blazars, divided in 175 BLLacertae (BL Lacs) and 310 Flat Spectrum Radio Quasars (FSRQs) detected in the 2-year all-sky survey by Fermi-Large Area Telescope. We find that Fermi BL Lacs and FSRQs reside in massive dark matter halos (DMHs) with logMh=13.35+0.20/-0.14 and logMh = 13.40+0.15/-0.19 Msun/h, respectively, at low (z=0.4) and high (z =1.2) redshift. In terms of clustering properties, these results suggest that BL Lacs and FSRQs are similar objects residing in the same dense environment typical of galaxy groups, despite their different spectral energy distribution, power and accretion rate. We find no difference in the typical bias and hosting halo mass between Fermi Blazars and radio-loud AGN, supporting the unifcation scheme simply equating radio-loud objects with misaligned Blazar counterparts. This similarity in terms of typical environment they preferentially live in, suggests that Blazars preferential...

Allevato, Viola; Cappelluti, Nico

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Hartland, Connecticut: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

96206°, -72.9795488° 96206°, -72.9795488° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.996206,"lon":-72.9795488,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

20

Hartland, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

008°, -88.3420398° 008°, -88.3420398° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.105008,"lon":-88.3420398,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lacs magpie hartland" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Hartland, Vermont: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

406265°, -72.3989804° 406265°, -72.3989804° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.5406265,"lon":-72.3989804,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

22

Quantitative approaches to the study of bistability in the lac operon of Escherichia coli  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...regulation, Muller-Hill and Gilbert isolated the lac repressor...lac operon was sequenced by Gilbert Maxam (1973) nearly a decade...DC: American Society for Microbiology. Belmont, A.S , and F...science.280.5365.895 . Gilbert, W , and A Maxam1973The nucleotide...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

LAC Regional Platform Workshop General Information | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Information Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us LAC Workshop Announcement Agenda Participant Package Accommodations Location & Transportation Insurance & Visas Participants Presentations Outcomes Report Links Contact Us General Information (English) General information LEDS GP INCAE English-rev FINAL.pdf Informacion General LEDS GP INCAE Espanol FINAL.pdf Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site. Like Wikipedia, it is a "wiki" or website developed collaboratively by a community of users. Thanks to our unique relationship with OpenEI.org, you can add or edit most content on ledsgp.org. For more information about this

24

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Participant Package | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Participant Package Participant Package Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us LAC Workshop Announcement Agenda Participant Package Accommodations Location & Transportation Insurance & Visas Participants Presentations Outcomes Report Links Contact Us General Information (Español) Participant Package.pdf Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site. Like Wikipedia, it is a "wiki" or website developed collaboratively by a community of users. Thanks to our unique relationship with OpenEI.org, you can add or edit most content on ledsgp.org. For more information about this unique collaboration, contact us. View or edit this page on OpenEI.org.

25

SPECTROSCOPY OF BROAD-LINE BLAZARS FROM 1LAC  

SciTech Connect

We report on optical spectroscopy of 165 flat spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs) in the Fermi 1LAC sample, which have helped allow a nearly complete study of this population. Fermi FSRQs show significant evidence for non-thermal emission even in the optical; the degree depends on the {gamma}-ray hardness. They also have smaller virial estimates of hole mass than the optical quasar sample. This appears to be largely due to a preferred (axial) view of the {gamma}-ray FSRQ and non-isotropic (H/R {approx} 0.4) distribution of broad-line velocities. Even after correction for this bias, the Fermi FSRQs show higher mean Eddington ratios than the optical population. A comparison of optical spectral properties with Owens Valley Radio Observatory radio flare activity shows no strong correlation.

Shaw, Michael S.; Romani, Roger W.; Healey, Stephen E.; Michelson, Peter F. [Department of Physics/KIPAC, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Cotter, Garret; Potter, William J. [Department of Astrophysics, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Readhead, Anthony C. S.; Richards, Joseph L.; Max-Moerbeck, Walter; King, Oliver G. [Department of Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

26

High-energy cosmic neutrinos from spine-sheath BL Lac jets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We recently proposed that structured (spine-sheath) jets associated to BL Lac objects offer a suitable environment for the production of the extragalactic high-energy ($E>100$ TeV) neutrino recently revealed by IceCube. Our previous analysis was limited to low-power BL Lac objects. We extend our preliminary study to the entire BL Lac population. We assume that the power of cosmic rays as well as the radiative luminosity of the sheath depend linearly on the the jet power. In turn, we assume that the latter is well traced by the $\\gamma$-ray luminosity. We exploit the BL Lac $\\gamma$-ray luminosity function and its cosmic evolution as recently inferred from Fermi-LAT data to derive the expected neutrino cumulative intensity from the entire BL Lac population. When considering only the low-power BL Lacs, a large cosmic ray power for each source is required to account for the neutrino flux. Instead, if BL Lacs of all powers produce neutrinos, the power demand decreases, and the required cosmic ray power becomes of...

Tavecchio, F

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

LEDSGP/about/Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform/LAC Regional  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LEDSGP/about/Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform/LAC Regional LEDSGP/about/Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform/LAC Regional Platform Workshop < LEDSGP‎ | about‎ | Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform(Redirected from LEDSGP/LAC Regional Platform Workshop) Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us LAC Workshop Announcement Agenda Participant Package Accommodations Location & Transportation Insurance & Visas Participants Presentations Outcomes Report Links Contact Us Low Emissions Development Strategies (LEDS) Latin American and Caribbean Regional Platform Workshop 12-14 November 2012 Alajuela, Costa Rica, INCAE Business School The workshop is an initiative of the LEDS Global Partnership

28

E-Print Network 3.0 - access system lacs Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

dynamics study on the formation of metallofullerene Summary: . The structures of the host carbon clusters were not affected a lot compared to those in La-C system because... . The...

29

MI-TRIBE-LAC VIEUX DESERT BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MI-TRIBE-LAC VIEUX DESERT BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA MI-TRIBE-LAC VIEUX DESERT BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA INDIANS Location: Tribe MI-TRIBE-LAC VIEUX DESERT BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA INDIANS MI American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Lac Vieux Desert Tribe proposes to use funding to help with a current effort that is a collaboration of the Tribe with the Conservation Fund of Michigan, an effort that is funded by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation. The project will be conducting a feasibility study to determine the viability of using wood products from resources found on tribal lands. The study is dedicating a part of the effort to see the feasibility of providing a renewable energy source to the Tribe in the form of wood products and biomass fuels. NEPA

30

Photohadronic origin of $\\gamma$-ray BL Lac emission: implications for IceCube neutrinos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent IceCube discovery of 0.1-1 PeV neutrinos of astrophysical origin opens up a new era for high-energy astrophysics. Although there are various astrophysical candidate sources, a firm association of the detected neutrinos with one (or more) of them is still lacking. A recent analysis of plausible astrophysical counterparts within the error circles of IceCube events showed that likely counterparts for nine of the IceCube neutrinos include mostly BL Lacs, among which Mrk 421. Motivated by this result and a previous independent analysis on the neutrino emission from Mrk 421, we test the BL Lac-neutrino connection in the context of a specific theoretical model for BL Lac emission. We model the spectral energy distribution (SED) of the BL Lacs selected as counterparts of the IceCube neutrinos using a one-zone leptohadronic model and mostly nearly simultaneous data. The neutrino flux for each BL Lac is self-consistently calculated, using photon and proton distributions specifically derived for every individ...

Petropoulou, Maria; Padovani, Paolo; Mastichiadis, Apostolos; Resconi, Elisa

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

High-Resolution Radio Imaging of Gravitational Lensing Candidates in the 1 Jansky BL Lac Sample  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While BL Lacertae objects are widely believed to be highly beamed, low-luminosity radio galaxies, many radio-selected BL Lacs have extended radio power levels and optical emission lines that are too luminous to be low-luminosity radio galaxies. Also, Stocke & Rector discovered an excess of MgII absorption systems along BL Lac sightlines compared to quasars, suggesting that gravitational lensing may be another means of creating the BL Lac phenomenon in some cases. We present a search for gravitationally-lensed BL Lacs with deep, high-resolution, two-frequency VLA radio maps of seven lensing candidates from the 1 Jansky BL Lac sample. We find that none of these objects are resolved into an Einstein ring like B 0218+357, nor do any show multiple images of the core. All of the lensing candidates that were resolved show a flat-spectrum core and very unusual, steep-spectrum extended morphology that is incompatible with a multiply lensed system. Thus, while these observations do not rule out microlensing, no macrolensing is observed.

T. A. Rector; J. T. Stocke

2003-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

32

UNDP-Dominican Republic Regional Programme for LAC - Support for the  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominican Republic Regional Programme for LAC - Support for the Dominican Republic Regional Programme for LAC - Support for the preparation of the National Climate Change Policy Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Dominican Republic Regional Programme for LAC - Support for the preparation of the National Climate Change Policy Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector Climate Focus Area People and Policy Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country Dominican Republic Caribbean References UNDP - Latin America & the Caribbean[1] Contents 1 Program Overview 1.1 Program Focus 1.2 Environment and Sustainable Development 2 References Program Overview "Across Latin America and the Caribbean, UNDP helps countries build and share their own solutions to urgent development challenges, supporting

33

UNDP-Costa Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for transport and agriculture Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Costa Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for transport and agriculture Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Transportation Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country Costa Rica Central America References UNDP - Latin America & the Caribbean[1] Contents 1 Program Overview 1.1 Program Focus 1.2 Environment and Sustainable Development 2 References Program Overview "Across Latin America and the Caribbean, UNDP helps countries build and share their own solutions to urgent development challenges, supporting

34

Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for Transport and Agriculture Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Costa Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for transport and agriculture Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Transportation Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country Costa Rica Central America References UNDP - Latin America & the Caribbean[1] Contents 1 Program Overview 1.1 Program Focus 1.2 Environment and Sustainable Development 2 References Program Overview "Across Latin America and the Caribbean, UNDP helps countries build and share their own solutions to urgent development challenges, supporting

35

Dominican Republic-Regional Programme for LAC: Support for the Preparation  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominican Republic-Regional Programme for LAC: Support for the Preparation Dominican Republic-Regional Programme for LAC: Support for the Preparation of the National Climate Change Policy Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Dominican Republic Regional Programme for LAC - Support for the preparation of the National Climate Change Policy Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector Climate Focus Area People and Policy Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country Dominican Republic Caribbean References UNDP - Latin America & the Caribbean[1] Contents 1 Program Overview 1.1 Program Focus 1.2 Environment and Sustainable Development 2 References Program Overview "Across Latin America and the Caribbean, UNDP helps countries build and share their own solutions to urgent development challenges, supporting

36

LEDSGP/about/Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform/LAC Regional  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LEDSGP/about/Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform/LAC Regional LEDSGP/about/Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform/LAC Regional Platform Workshop < LEDSGP‎ | about‎ | Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us LAC Workshop Announcement Agenda Participant Package Accommodations Location & Transportation Insurance & Visas Participants Presentations Outcomes Report Links Contact Us Low Emissions Development Strategies (LEDS) Latin American and Caribbean Regional Platform Workshop 12-14 November 2012 Alajuela, Costa Rica, INCAE Business School The workshop is an initiative of the LEDS Global Partnership (http://openei.org/wiki/LEDSGP), founded to advance low emissions

37

The Sedentary Survey of Extreme High Energy Peaked BL Lacs III. Results from Optical Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The multi-frequency Sedentary Survey is a flux limited, statistically well-defined sample of highly X-ray dominated BL Lacertae objects (HBLs) which includes 150 sources. In this paper, the third of the series, we report the results of a dedicated optical spectroscopy campaign that, together with results from other independent optical follow up programs, led to the spectroscopic identification of all sources in the sample. We carried out a systematic spectroscopic campaign for the observation of all unidentified objects of the sample using the ESO 3.6m, the KPNO 4m, and the TNG optical telescopes. We present new identifications and optical spectra for 76 sources, 50 of which are new BL Lac objects, 18 are sources previously referred as BL Lacs but for which no redshift information was available, and 8 are broad emission lines AGNs. We find that the multi-frequency selection technique used to build the survey is highly efficient (about 90%) in selecting BL Lacs objects. We present positional and spectroscopic information for all confirmed BL Lac objects. Our data allowed us to determined 36 redshifts out of the 50 new BL Lacs and 5 new redshifts for the previously known objects. The redshift distribution of the complete sample is presented and compared with that of other BL Lacs samples. For 26 sources without recognizable absorption features, we calculated lower limits to the redshift using a method based on simulated optical spectra with different ratios between jet and galaxy emission. For a subsample of 38 object with high-quality spectra, we find a correlation between the optical spectral slope, the 1.4 GHz radio luminosity, and the Ca H&K break value, indicating that for powerful/beamed sources the optical light is dominated by the non-thermal emission from the jet.

S. Piranomonte; M. Perri; P. Giommi; H. Landt; P. Padovani

2007-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

38

Genetics/2014/167890 Selected Lac+ revertants in the Cairns system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emiko.sano@umontana.edu (406) 243-5149 2Current address: UC Davis School of Medicine of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics University of California, Davis Davis, CA 985616 F'lac copies divide very little under selection but have enough energy

Roth, John R.

39

First Results from a Search for TeV Emission from BL Lacs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two active galactic nuclei have been detected at TeV energies using the atmospheric Cherenkov imaging technique. The Whipple Observatory gamma-ray telescope has been used to observe all the BL Lacertae objects in the northern hemisphere out to a redshift of 0.1. We report the tentative detection of VHE emission from a third BL Lac object, 1ES 2344+514. Progress in extending this survey out to z=0.2 will also be reported.

M. Catanese; P. J. Boyle; J. H. Buckley; A. M. Burdett; J. Bussons Gordo; D. A. Carter-Lewis; M. F. Cawley; D. J. Fegan; J. P. Finley; J. A. Gaidos; A. M. Hillas; F. Krennrich; R. C. Lamb; R. W. Lessard; C. Masterson; J. E. McEnery; G. Mohanty; J. Quinn; A. J. Rodgers; H. J. Rose; F. W. Samuelson; G. H. Sembroski; R. Srinivasan; T. C. Weekes; J. Zweerink

1997-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

40

Fond du Lac Band Leads Climate Resilience Efforts on Lake Superior Chippewa Indian Reservation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

From the White House Council on Environmental Quality blog: Last Friday I had the pleasure of visiting the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indian Reservation. We toured the reservation and facilities with tribal Chairwoman Karen Diver, a member of the Presidents State, Local, and Tribal Leaders Task Force on Climate Preparedness and Resilience, and the Tribes Resource Management Division.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lacs magpie hartland" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A single mutation in the core domain of the lac repressor reduces leakiness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as metabolism (by a group of enzymes that includes ?-galactosidase) of lactose; iii) the proteins encoded by Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1GA, UKlac operon is an example of how cells respond to envir- onmental conditions... . Note how 1LBH and 1EFA show IPTG in 2P9H and 2PAF.as well as targeted mutations in the hinge region [38] . Superposition of LacI PDB structures [PDB:2P9H] (dark red), wing the three-domain architecture of the protein. The second is shown in black sticks...

Gatti-Lafranconi, Pietro; Dijkman, Willem P; Devenish, Sean RA; Hollfelder, Florian

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

42

Investigation of epitaxial arrangement and electronic structure of a La@C82 film grown on an MoS2 surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Molecular arrangement and electronic structure of a La@C82 film epitaxially grown on an MoS2 surface have been studied using reflection high-energy electron diffraction and electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS). It was revealed that La@C82 molecules form a close-packed hexagonal lattice on a cleaved face of MoS2 with the intermolecular distance of 1.130.03 nm. EELS of the La@C82 film in the valence excitation region indicated seven peaks coming from ???* transitions together with the ?-plasmon excitation. The absence of a distinct band gap means that the La@C82 epitaxial film is not semiconducting, but metallic or semimetallic. From the EELS result, we propose an electronic structure diagram of the La@C82 epitaxial film.

K. Iizumi, Y. Uchino, K. Ueno, A. Koma, K. Saiki, Y. Inada, K. Nagai, Y. Iwasa, and T. Mitani

2000-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

43

Novel insights from hybrid LacI/GalR proteins: family-wide functional attributes and biologically significant variation in transcription repression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LacI/GalR transcription regulators have extensive, non-conserved interfaces between their regulatory domains and the 18 amino acids that serve as linkers to their DNA-binding domains. These non-conserved interfaces might ...

Meinhardt, Sarah; Manley Jr., Michael W.; Becker, Nicole A.; Hessman, Jacob A.; Maher III, L. James; Swint-Kruse, Liskin

2012-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

44

Multiwavelength observations of 26W20, a radio galaxy which displays BL Lac characteristics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

26W20, a radio galaxy located at a projected distance of 2.2 Mpc from the center of Abell 754 (z=0.054) exhibits core emission properties similar to those of a BL Lac object. New radio observations and VLA archival data show parsec scale features in the core (L_{r} approx.10^{41}) ergs/s with a flat spectrum. From observations with ROSAT, we demonstrate that the X-ray core emission (L_{x}=3X10^{43}) ergs/s is non-thermal and variable. An 18% increase in the X-ray luminosity was observed in two observations separated by five days. The optical morphology is that of a large, normal elliptical galaxy (m_{v}=15.6) and the optical spectrum lacks strong emission lines. If the innermost segment of the radio jet is close to our line of sight, Doppler boosting could explain both the observed X-ray intensity and the absence of emitting line regions.

J. D. Silverman; D. E. Harris; W. Junor

1998-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

45

An emerging population of BL Lacs with extreme properties: towards a class of EBL and cosmic magnetic field probes?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High energy observations of extreme BL Lac objects, such as 1ES 0229+200 or 1ES 0347-121, recently focused interest both for blazar and jet physics and for the implication on the extragalactic background light and intergalactic magnetic field estimate. However, the number of these extreme highly peaked BL Lac objects (EHBL) is still rather small. Aiming at increase their number, we selected a group of EHBL candidates starting from the BL Lac sample of Plotkin et al. (2011), considering those undetected (or only barely detected) by the Large Area Telescope onboard Fermi and characterized by a high X-ray vs. radio flux ratio. We assembled the multi-wavelength spectral energy distribution of the resulting 9 sources, profiting of publicly available archival observations performed by the Swift, Galex and Fermi satellites, confirming their nature. Through a simple one-zone synchrotron self-Compton model we estimate the expected VHE flux, finding that in the majority of cases it is within the reach of present genera...

Bonnoli, Giacomo; Ghisellini, Gabriele; Sbarrato, Tullia

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Quasi-simultaneous observations of BL Lac object Mrk 501 in X-ray, UV, visible, IR, and radio frequencies  

SciTech Connect

Quasi-simultaneous observations of the BL Lac object Mrk 501 were performed for the first time at X-ray, ultraviolet, visible infrared, and radio frequencies. As the BL Lac objects are known to vary in their flux, such a ''quasi-instantaneous'' spectral energy profile is necessary in order to describe properly the energy generation mechanism. The observed spectral slope from the X-ray to UV regions is positive and continuous, but that from the mid-UV to visible light region becomes gradually flat and possibly turns down toward lower frequencies; the optical-radio emission cannot be accounted for by a single power law. Several theoretical models have been considered for the emission mechanism. In some cases quantitative comparison with the data is not practical. However, most of the models are, at least, not inconsistent with the observations. A quantitative comparison has been peformed with the synchroton self-Compton model; the total spectrum is found consistent with this model. The spectrum from visible light to X-ray is consistent with synchrotron radiation or with inverse-Compton scattering by a hot thermal cloud of electrons. The continuity of the spectral slope from X-ray to UV implied by the current data suggests that the previous estimates of the total luminosity of this BL Lac object has been underestimated by a factor of about 3 or 4.

Kondo, Y.; Worrall, D.M.; Mushotzky, R.F.; Hackney, R.L.; Hackney, K.R.H.; Oke, J.B.; Yee, H.K.C.; Neugebauer, G.; Matthews, K.; Feldman, P.A.; Brown, R.L.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Synthetic DNA bending sequences increase the rate of in vitro transcription initiation at the Escherichia coli lac promoter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Appropriately phased DNA bending sequences replacing the CAP binding site upstream from the lac promoter increase by roughly tenfold the rate of specific transcription initiation from a superhelical promoter template in vitro; promoter occlusion results from polymerase binding to the upstream (dA)n (dT)n tracts, but this phenomenon is not responsible for the observed phase-dependent transcriptional activity. The rates of open complex formation at both P1 and P2 promoters respond in a similar phase-dependent way to the synthetic curved DNA sequences.

Marc R. Gartenberg; Donald M. Crothers

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

XMM-Newton observations of the TeV BL Lac object PKS 2155--304 in 2006: signature of inverse Compton X-ray emission?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reports the first discovery of possible inverse Compoton (IC) X-ray emission below 10 keV in the typical high-energy peaked BL Lac object (HBL) PKS 2155--304. Two XMM-Newton observations performed in 2006 reveal that the 0.6--10 keV X-ray spectra of the source harden ($\\Delta\\Gamma \\sim$ 0.1--0.3) at break energies of about 4 keV. The concave X-ray spectra of the source could be easily interpretated by a mixture of a steep component (i.e., the high energy tail of the synchrotron emission) and a flat one (i.e., the low energy side of the IC emission). However, the steep spectra ($\\Gamma \\sim$ 2.3) in the hard X-rays indicate that the synchrotron emission still domiantes over the IC one, while the latter is effectively present and perceived as flattening the synchrotron spectrum in this energy range. The quasi-simultaneous optical-UV-X-ray spectral energy distributions (SEDs) obtained with XMM-Newton suggest that the concave X-ray spectra of the source could be the result of down-ward shift of the synchrotron peak frequency to the optical band, incuring the IC emisssion to become more important in the hard ($\\sim 4$--10 keV) X-ray band with respective to other cases in which the synchrotron emission peaks in the UV-soft-X-ray range. This discovery provides a new clue for a smooth transition between HBLs and the low-energy peaked BL Lac objects (LBLs).

Y. H. Zhang

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

49

Newly Discovered Ophiolite Scrap in the Hartland Formation of Midtown Charles Merguerian, Geology Department, 114 Hofstra University, Hempstead, NY 11549  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and antigorite together with amphiboles, chlorite, brucite, magnesite, talc, calcite, and relict chromite

Merguerian, Charles

50

Nucleotide sequence of Klebsiella pneumoniae lac genes.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...CTA CCS Tsc CDC USC ACS CCT n R V V T D LPL DljC R T P V P N 1550 1560 1570 1560 1590 1600 TM CAB ATO SAO Uc TAT SAC UCe CCe ATC...TCS CAA ATT OTC BCB SCO ATT AAA TCT CeCBCC BAT CAA CTO GOTBCC AOC 4040 4050 4060 4070 4060 4090 STOGCB ATA GCG ATB CCG OcM CABBCC...

W E Buvinger; M Riley

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Neutron scattering studies of lac repressor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... 1. Two parameters were obtained from the Guinier plots-a radius of gyration of excess scattering length density, RG, and the ... length density, RG, and the scattered intensity extrapolated to zero angle (//C)o, which is related to the MW ...

M. Charlier; J. C. Maurizot; G. Zaccai

1980-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

52

E-Print Network 3.0 - anticipate process adjustments Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reality Gap Cedric Hartland and Nicolas Bredeche IA... of controllers for auto- mous mobile robots. However, the computational cost of the optimization process makes... . The...

53

Lac La Belle, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belle, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Belle, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.1441716°, -88.5306554° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.1441716,"lon":-88.5306554,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

54

Lac qui Parle County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0562676°, -96.2006981° 0562676°, -96.2006981° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.0562676,"lon":-96.2006981,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

55

Parsec-scale magnetic field structures in HEAO-1 BL Lacs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......phased Very Large Array (Y27), and the Hancock (HN), North Liberty (NL), Brewster (BR) and Owens Valley (OV) VLBA antennas...acknowledge Ron Kollgaard's contribution in initiating the VLBP project. This research has made use of the NED which is operated by......

P. Kharb; D. Gabuzda; P. Shastri

2008-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

56

Unusual radio properties of the BL Lac object 0820+225  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......25 m), Green Bank (43 m), North Liberty (25 m), Owens Valley (25 m), Brewster...multi-epoch, multi-frequency VLBA project to study this object in more detail...Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project code 99-0217799). DCG acknowledges......

D.C. Gabuzda; A.B. Pushkarev; N.N. Garnich

2001-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

57

Substrate-induced changes in the structural properties of LacY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

speed limit for protein folding measured by structure membrane protein folding membrane transport

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

The Periplasmic Cavity of LacY Mutant Cys154 -> Gly: How Open Is Open?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GroEL-GroES- mediated protein folding. Chem. Rev. 106, 1917of chaperone-mediated protein folding in the cytosol. Nat.that impair membrane protein folding and generate a membrane

Jiang, X; Driessen, AJM; Feringa, BL; Kaback, HR

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Lead isotope study of the late Archean Lac des Iles palladium deposit, Canada: enrichment of platinum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, but very low concentrations of U (Th (- alization (Watkinson and Dunning 1979) and zone-refining processes (Brügmann et al. 1989). Based on recent high concentrations of U and Th compared to mantle rocks, which makes Pb isotope compositions

60

November 2 0 , 2 0 0 9 West in C anal P lac e Hot el  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Probate Assets: Life Insurance, Annuities and Retirement Plans Jane E. Armstrong Phelps Dunbar, LLP, New Orleans, New Orleans, LA Mary C. Hester Taylor, Porter, Brooks & Phillips, LLP, Baton Rouge, LA 2:00 - 2

Kurganov, Alexander

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lacs magpie hartland" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Fond du Lac Band Leads Climate Resilience Efforts on Lake Superior...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Lake Superior Chippewa Indian Reservation September 23, 2014 - 11:24am Addthis From the White House Council on Environmental Quality blog: Last Friday I had the pleasure of...

62

Genotoksisitet av 5-hydroxymetylfurfural i transgene LacZ mus med mutasjon i adenomats polyposis coli.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is formed in the Maillard reaction when reduced sugars are heated in the presence of amino acids or proteins. It can also be (more)

Jrgensen-Kaur, Lena

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

RpoS-Regulated Genes of Escherichia coli Identified by Random lacZ Fusion Mutagenesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...genetics: a laboratory manual and handbook for Escherichia coli and related...two-component signal transduction system modulates production of the...two-component regulatory system mutants of Escherichia coli...organic-aqueous two-liquid-phase system and substrate specificity of...

Somalinga R. V. Vijayakumar; Mark G. Kirchhof; Cheryl L. Patten; Herb E. Schellhorn

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Bradbury; a Common Magpie (Pica caudata), British Isles, presented by Mr. J. Loraine Baldwin, F.Z.S.; a Laughing Kingfisher (Dacelo gigantea] from Australia, presented ...

1879-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

65

YidC protein, a molecular chaperone for LacY protein folding via the SecYEG protein machinery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GroEL-GroES- mediated protein folding. Chem. Rev. 106, 1917of chaperone-mediated protein folding in the cytosol. Nat.that impair membrane protein folding and generate a membrane

Zhu, L; Kaback, HR; Dalbey, RE

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Novagen ORDERING 800-526-7319 TECHNICAL SUPPORT 800-207-0144 lacI(714-1793)ori (3227)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(173) Sal I(179) Sac I(190) EcoR I(192) BamH I(198) Nhe I(231) Nde I(238) Xba I(276) Bgl II(342) SgrA I for the Nde I site with a net 1bp deletion at position 238 of pET-21c(+). As a result, Nco I cuts pET21d in pET-21a(+). Nde I does not cut pET-21d(+). Note also that Sty I is not unique in pET-21d

Hill, Chris

67

Sequence-independent upstream DNA?CTD interactions strongly stimulate Escherichia coli RNA polymerase-lacUV5 promoter association  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2004 ) Annu. Rev. Genet. 38 , 749 -770. 15568992 26 Roe, J. H., Burgess, R. R. & Record, M. T., Jr...L. ( 1998 ) J. Bacteriol. 180 , 5375 -5383. 9765569 32 Burns, H. D., Ishihama, A. & Minchin, S. D. ( 1999 ) Nucleic...

Wilma Ross; Richard L. Gourse

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Project Summary for: Johnson Park Health Alliance: Building a Culture of Community Sufficiency for Health in the Fond du Lac  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project Summary for: Johnson Park Health Alliance: Building a Culture of Community Sufficiency, the Lindsay Heights Neighborhood Health Alliance (formerly Johnsons Park Health Alliance) has grown, reciprocal learning relationships among Alliance partners and meaningful ties among neighbors, empowering

69

Titre de l'article : DYNAMIQUES ET ENJEUX DE L'AGRICULTURE EN MILIEU LACUSTRE : Comparaison du lac Inl (Birmanie) et des chinampas de Mexico (Mexique)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Mexican chinampas and the Inle lake have developed similar techniques of agriculture in shallow lakes systems, which may, ultimately, disappear. Key-words: Chinampas, Xochimilco, Inle lake, agriculture

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

70

696 NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY VOL 17 JULY 1999 http://biotech.nature.com Since plants express endogenous b-galactosidase activity, lacZ can-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be readily changed. The sequences of the E. coli 8, human9, mouse10, rat11, and dog12 homologs are known. Six of the 27 lysine residues in the E. coli protein are conserved in the other species and thus are likely. Mutated PCR products were ligated into the expression vector gusA-pBSD and transformed into E. coli. When

Matsumura, Ichiro

71

Lightning Arrestor Connectors Production Readiness  

SciTech Connect

The Lightning Arrestor Connector (LAC), part M, presented opportunities to improve the processes used to fabricate LACs. The A## LACs were the first production LACs produced at the KCP, after the product was transferred from Pinnellas. The new LAC relied on the lessons learned from the A## LACs; however, additional improvements were needed to meet the required budget, yield, and schedule requirements. Improvement projects completed since 2001 include Hermetic Connector Sealing Improvement, Contact Assembly molding Improvement, development of a second vendor for LAC shells, general process improvement, tooling improvement, reduction of the LAC production cycle time, and documention of the LAC granule fabrication process. This report summarizes the accomplishments achieved in improving the LAC Production Readiness.

Marten, Steve; Linder, Kim; Emmons, Jim; Gomez, Antonio; Hasam, Dawud; Maurer, Michelle

2008-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

72

The earliest drawing of sunspots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......symbol for the Sun was a red disk containing a representation...there was a black vapour like a flying magpie" (Wittmann and Xu 1987...sunspot was said to resemble a flying swallow. Between AD840 and...or Mercury across the solar disk. Mercury (apparent diameter......

F Richard Stephenson; David M Willis

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

A Combined Approach for Implementation of Broadcast Operation in Grid Computing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In distributed computing, the collective communications scheduling is among the most important scheduling problems related to intensive applications executed over heterogeneous platforms. The optimization of collective operations allows the improvement ... Keywords: Broadcast, Completion Time, Earliest Completion Edge First ECEF Heuristic, Grid Computing, Information Power Grid IPG, MagPIe

Ghalem Belalem, Mohammed Ilyes Kara Mostefa

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

A preliminary study of the life and works of John Cosens Ogden together with an edition of an unpublished letter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are provided below. The event which our Church had good reason to expect for many years has taken place. The Legislature of Vermont, at their last session, converted our Glebes to other uses than they were appropriated to by ancient grants and Charters... was not successful in finding another permanent position, he did have a base church at Hartland, Vermont, for a time (Harrison 95). From Memoirs, by Bishop William White, it appears that Ogden was the only 21 Episcopal clergyman in Vermont at the time of Samuel...

Haley, Kenneth Layne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

75

Nucleotide sequence of the iucD gene of the pColV-K30 aerobactin operon and topology of its product studied with phoA and lacZ gene fusions.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Pro Lou Ile Thr Rot His Asp Lys Asn Thr Phe Lys Val Arg Asp LCA GOT TAC CGT TCT GCG TTG CCA CM ATA CTT CCC TCA CTG ATG CCC...CRCR-1-1633 from the National Science Foundation and Department of Agriculture, respectively. M.H. was a Postdoctoral Fellow from the...

M Herrero; V de Lorenzo; J B Neilands

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

CX-003491: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination CX-003491: Categorical Exclusion Determination Fond du Lac Hydroelectric Project CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 08172010 Location(s): Fond du Lac, Minnesota...

77

Structural, Electrochemical, and Spectroscopic Investigation of Acetate Bridged Dinuclear Tetrakis-Schiff Base Macrocycles of Mn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resembling the oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) in photosystem II and dimanganese catalase enzymes, resulting+ and Zn2LAc+ , the two metal centers are bridged by an acetate ligand. [Mn2LAc](ClO4)·(DMF)0.5, [Mn2LAc for substrate molecules bound to redox active metal centers.5-10 In 1970, Robson showed that dinuclear tetrakis

Dinolfo, Peter H.

78

CX-001634: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Categorical Exclusion Determination 4: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001634: Categorical Exclusion Determination Meteorological Tower Installation Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwa Indian Reservation CX(s) Applied: B3.1, A9 Date: 04/08/2010 Location(s): County of Mille Lacs, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office This project is for the commissioning of a meteorological (met) tower to be installed at the Ledin Site, located on the west side of Lake Mille Lacs on the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwa Indian Reservation, City of Onamia, Township of Kathio, County of Mille Lacs, State of Minnesota. The site is to the west of the Mille Lacs wastewater treatment facility, which has a physical address of 43282 Timber Trail Rd, Onamia, MN 56359. The Ledin Site is a

79

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Program or Field Office: Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Project Title WI-TRIBE-LAC DU FLAMBEAU BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA INDIANS Location: Tribe WI-TRIBE-LAC DU FLAMBEAU BAND OF LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA INDIANS WI American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians proposes to install an approximate 27-ton,

80

FT-ICR studies of metal-carbon binary clusters for formation mechanism of endohedral fullerene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ion Mass [amu] C60 + Number of Carbon Atoms Intensity(arb.units) LaC44 + LaC50 + LaC60 + Figure 2FT-ICR studies of metal-carbon binary clusters for formation mechanism of endohedral fullerene-wall carbon nanotube), i.e. La, Y, Sc, Gd, Ce, Ca, and Ni-Y. An example of FT-ICR mass spectra is shown

Maruyama, Shigeo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lacs magpie hartland" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

You've been distracted from your You had a setback and it affected  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.sfsu.edu/~lac/tutorsubject.html Athletes: Gator Academic Resource Center: http://www.sfstategators.com/sports/2008/ 8/31/academics

82

A chemiosmotic mechanism of symport.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dissociates, releasing the energy of binding; and (vi)LacY couples the free energy released from down- hillcan also transduce the energy released from the downhill

Kaback, HR

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 0021-9193/99/$04.00 0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) have also reported PilA control of pilC in N. meningitidis with a lacZ reporter system, which implies

Walter, Peter

84

I!OU!, RECIPIENT:NREL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Meteorological Tower Installation Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwa Indian Reservation ; NREL Tracking No. 10- 012 Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Proturement Instrument Number...

85

47  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microbiology & Immunology. University of British ... Microbiology 66: 18571861. DRAKE, L. A. ... ruses in the sediments of Lac Gilbert, Quebec. Microb. Ecol.

2002-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

86

New York's 29th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LAC Ecovation Inc formerly AnAerobics First Wind (Formerly UPC Wind) (New York) Geotherm, Inc. LFG Technologies Smart Solar Inc Solar Sentry Corporation The Center for Advanced...

87

Enzyme adsorption, precipitation and crosslinking of glucose oxidase and laccase on polyaniline nanofibers for highly stable enzymatic biofuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Enzymatic biofuel cells have many great features as a small power source for medical, environmental and military applications. Both glucose oxidase (GOx) and laccase (LAC) are widely used anode and cathode enzymes for enzymatic biofuel cells, respectively. In this paper, we employed three different approaches to immobilize \\{GOx\\} and LAC on polyaniline nanofibers (PANFs): enzyme adsorption (EA), enzyme adsorption and crosslinking (EAC) and enzyme adsorption, precipitation and crosslinking (EAPC) approaches. The activity of EAPC-LAC was 32 and 25 times higher than that of EA-LAC and EAC-LAC, respectively. The half-life of EAPC-LAC was 53 days, while those of EA-LAC and EAC-LAC were 6 and 21 days, respectively. Similar to LAC, EAPC-GOx also showed higher activity and stability than EA-GOx and EAC-GOx. For the biofuel cell application, EAPC-GOx and EAPC-LAC were applied over the carbon papers to form enzyme anode and cathode, respectively. In order to improve the power density output of enzymatic biofuel cell, 1,4-benzoquinone (BQ) and 2,2?-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) were introduced as the electron transfer mediators on the enzyme anode and enzyme cathode, respectively. BQ- and ABTS-mediated enzymatic biofuel cells fabricated by EAPC-GOx and EAPC-LAC showed the maximum power density output of 37.4?W/cm2, while the power density output of 3.1?W/cm2 was shown without mediators. Under room temperature and 4C for 28 days, enzymatic biofuel cells maintained 54 and 70% of its initial power density, respectively.

Ryang Eun Kim; Sung-Gil Hong; Su Ha; Jungbae Kim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Diagnostics for studying the dynamics of wire array Z pinches  

SciTech Connect

The evolution of a wire array Z pinch encompasses a huge range of conditions--with spatial dimensions varying from micrometers to centimeters, densities from solid metal through plasmas of 10{sup 15}-10{sup 22} e{sup -} cm{sup -3}, and temperatures from sub-eV to many 100 eV. We present a summary of the diagnostics developed and used at the Imperial College MAGPIE facility to study the formation and dynamics of plasma in wire array Z pinches, describing the plasma conditions for which they are useful, their various limitations, and some of the novel diagnostic techniques applied.

Bland, S. N.; Bott, S. C.; Hall, G. N.; Lebedev, S. V.; Suzuki, F.; Ampleford, D. J.; Palmer, J. B. A.; Pikuz, S. A.; Shelkovenko, T. A. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom); Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 (United States); AWE Plc., Aldermaston, Reading RG7 4PR (United Kingdom); Laboratory of Plasma Studies, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

Interview of Sir Charles Chadwyck-Healey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-colourist and collector of paintings, books, including bibles, and clocks; some of his collecting was magpie-like and sadly he did not always collect the very best, but his book collecting was surer; most of the books were bought by Phillips and ended up in the Phillips... jobs, among others; in those days being a freelance photographer was actually quite easy; the extraordinary thing about photography around 1961-2 was that it wasn't even a craft, it was a trade; apart from the fact that Tony Armstrong-Jones, who married...

Chadwyck-Healey, Charles

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Different requirements for membrane fusion mediated by the envelopes of human immunodeficiency virus types 1 and 2.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and PEG LTR lacZ cell fusion partner Effector type cells HeLa-CD4 3T3-CD4...human cells in HIV-2 fusion assays, and three types of situations appear to...and PEG LTR lacZ cell fusion partner Effector type cells U87-CD4 SCL1-CD4...

T Dragic; M Alizon

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

The DELLA Domain of GA INSENSITIVE Mediates the Interaction with the GA INSENSITIVE DWARF1A Gibberellin Receptor of Arabidopsis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1996). A minimum of four plants was identified...qualitative LacZ filter lift assay conducted with yeast...activity. Several reports point to a role of phosphorylation...and Trp. LacZ filter lift assays were performed...protein were determined from four replicates, and fold...

Björn C. Willige; Soumya Ghosh; Carola Nill; Melina Zourelidou; Esther M.N. Dohmann; Andreas Maier; Claus Schwechheimer

2007-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

92

General Properties of Fermi/LAT Active Galactic Nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Second Catalog of Blazars and other Active Galactic Nuclei detected by the Fermi/LAT (2LAC) includes about 1100 sources, 886 of which comprise the Clean Sample. The general properties of the different populations of sources classified according to the strength of their emission lines (FSRQs, BL Lacs) or the estimated position of the synchrotron peak are reviewed.

Lott, B; Cutini, S; Gasparrini, D; Dermer, C D

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

E1A, E1B Double-Restricted Adenovirus with RGD-Fiber Modification Exhibits Enhanced Oncolysis for CARDeficient Biliary Cancers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...adenovirus receptor (CAR) and integrins (alphavbeta3...LacZ-expressing replication-defective adenoviruses with wild-type...adenovirus receptor (CAR) and integrins (alpha...LacZ-expressing replication-defective adenoviruses with wild-type...model. Expression of CAR significantly correlated...

Mariko Wakayama; Masato Abei; Rei Kawashima; Emiko Seo; Kuniaki Fukuda; Hideo Ugai; Takehide Murata; Naomi Tanaka; Ichinosuke Hyodo; Hirofumi Hamada; and Kazunari K. Yokoyama

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

94

The significance of energy storage for renewable energy generation and the role of instrumentation and measurement.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 The significance of energy storage for renewable energy generation and the role of variable renewable energies such as wind and photovoltaic into the electricity grids. Figure 1 displays CEA INES 50, av. du Lac Léman - BP 332 F-73375 Le Bourget-du-Lac Cedex France CEA: Atomic Energy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

95

The effect of psbA gene inactivation on the production of D1 form II in Synechococcus sp strain PCC 7942  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of psbA gene inactivations was made and used to trans- form a reporter strain which contained a translational psbA::lacZ gene fusion located at a neutral site in the Synechococcus chromosome. Reporter strains were constructed for psbAII::lacZ and psb... four base pair deletion of a region of the psbDII upstream regulatory region showed a decrease in expression of a psbDII-lacZ gene fusion, but the same pattern of light induction was maintained (6). This may indicate the presence of separate cis...

Fox, Rita Elizabeth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

96

Genetic analysis of the stationary-phase induced and [sigma]S-independent promoter of the mcb operon in Escherichia coli  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starvation response in E. cali Microcin B17 and its regulation Trans-acting factors of Pmcb II MATERIAIS AND METHODS Strains and phages. Growth media Construction of single copy Pmcb-lacZ operon fusions P-galactosidase assays . Primer extension...-lacZ operon and protein fusion constructs 6 Primer extension assays. 7 Effect of FlhD and FlhC on Pmcb-lacZ expression 8 Regulatory elements of Pmcb . Page 3 10 21 37 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Starvation response in E. coli Many bacteria are capable...

Mao, Weimin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

97

CX-004608: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: Categorical Exclusion Determination 8: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004608: Categorical Exclusion Determination Chippewa Tribe of Minnesota on behalf of the Mille Lacs Band Renewable Energy Technologies on Government Buildings CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.1 Date: 01/08/2010 Location(s): Tower, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy The Mille Lacs Band of the Chippewa Tribe would utilize Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant funds to install renewable energy systems (three 1.2 kilowatt Windspire? vertical axis wind turbines and 2 solar paneling systems) on 4 government buildings on the reservation: ? Mille Lacs Band Tribal College, (wind) ? Nay Ah Shing Upper/Lower School (solar) ? Mille Lacs Band Community Center (wind) ? Department of Education Charter School (Pine Grove Leadership Academy) (solar/wind) Solar systems would be

98

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MN-TRIBE-MINNESOTA CHIPPEWA TRIBE (MILLE LACS BAND) MN-TRIBE-MINNESOTA CHIPPEWA TRIBE (MILLE LACS BAND) Location: Tribe MN-TRIBE- MINNESOTA CHIPPEWA TRIBE (MILLE LACS BAND) MN American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Descriptio The Minnesota Chippewa Tribe (Mille Lacs Band) proposes to install renewable energy systems on the new Head Start Facility consisting of two wind turbines (approximately 1.2 kW each) and an approximately 5.7 kW solar paneling, roof-mounted system. Conditions: None Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.1. B5.16, B5.18 *-For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, see Subpart D of 10 CFR10 21 This action would not: threaten a violation of applicable statutory, regulatory, or permit requirements for environment, safety, and health,

99

CX-002687: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

reservation lands in Forest County, Fond du Lac County and Milwaukee County. Solar photovoltaic units with a capacity of 18.9 kilowatts will be installed on the Forest County...

100

Property:Modification date | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2013 01:54:14 + " "The Future of Geothermal Energy" and Its Challenges + 13 October 2014 22:07:06 + ( (131112) Presentacion LAC LEDs.pdf + 12 December 2012 20:15:12 + (2010)2...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lacs magpie hartland" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Panaceas and diversification of environmental policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...are geological, not political. The region contains all of Vilas County, Wisconsin, and portions of Forest, Iron, Oneida, and Price Counties, Wisconsin, and Gogebic County, Michigan, as well as the Lac du Flambeau reservation, which...

William A. Brock; Stephen R. Carpenter

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Understanding government and railroad strategy for crude oil transportation in North America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On July 6, 2013, an oil-laden unit train derailed and exploded in Lac-Megantic, Quebec, Canada, killing 47 people, shocking and saddening many, and leading to significantly increased public scrutiny of crude oil transported ...

Carlson, S. Joel (Stephen Joel)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

San Francisco State University Division of Undergraduate Studies Tutoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bridge CARP LAC ETC DPRC EOP Summer Bridge Other (Please specify) BACKGROUND INFORMATION Ethnicity Islander Filipina/o F Guamanian G Hawaiian H Samoan N Other Pacific Islander 6 Latina/o or Hispanic

104

Standardized Nomenclature for Inbred Strains of Mice: Seventh Listing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...S. Kaplan, Department of Radiology, Stan- Lac ford University...Kallman, Department of Radiology, Stanford University School...Lieberman, Department of Radiology, Stanford University School...Liverpool University, School of Dental Surgery, Mg Boundary Place...

Joan Staats and For the International Committee on Standardized Genetic Nomenclature for Mice

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

White House Climate Task Force Tribal Leaders Listening Session  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

On Wednesday, February 12, Karen Diver, Chairwoman of the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, and Reggie Joule, Mayor of Alaskas Northwest Arctic Borough, both of whom are members of...

106

Comparative Mssbauer and sem study of the corrosion reaction of iron and weathering steel in SO2-polluted atmospheres  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A kinetic CEMS study of the early corrosion stages of iron and weathering steel in low (LAC) and very low...2-polluted atmospheres has been carried out. The morphology and sulphur content of corrosion products we...

J. R. Gancedo; M. Gracia; J. F. Marco; J. Palacios

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

TPD1 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a protein phosphatase 2C-like activity implicated in tRNA splicing and cell separation.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...B, BamHI; E, EcoRI; H, HindIll; S, Sail; Xb, Xb MATERIALS AND METHODS Strains and plasmids. The E. coli strains usec procedures were JM101 [A(lac-pro) supE thilF' tr iacIq lacZAM15], MC1066 [A(1acIPOZYA)X74 gal hsdR trpC9830 ieuB6...

M K Robinson; W H van Zyl; E M Phizicky; J R Broach

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Mass Spectroscopy and Reaction Studies of Laser-Vaporized Clusters from Metal-Doped Carbon Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C50 + LaC60 + (40) 30 40 50 60 70 Number of Carbon Atoms Intensity(arb.units) (a) Positive La Number of Carbon Atoms Intensity(arbitrary) C43 ­ C44 ­ Mass (amu) LaC32 ­ (a) (b) Fig. 2 Even distribution. 440 460 480 500 36 38 40 42 Number of Carbon Atoms Intensity(arbitrary) (a) as injected (b

Maruyama, Shigeo

109

Sedimentology of perennial ice-covered, meromictic Lake A, Ellesmere Island, at the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

presence of sand indicates past episodes of higher energy stream discharge to the lake. Oxygen incursions nombreuses caracte´ristiques du lac A sont aussi e´videntes dans d'autres lacs me´romictiques du Grand Nord, surtout ceux de la co^te nord de l'i^le d'Ellesmere. Ces similitudes et la forte compo- sante bioge

Vincent, Warwick F.

110

Protein Kinase A Operates a Molecular Switch That Governs Yeast Pseudohyphal Differentiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and inserted into the SmaI site of the pSLF-178K lacZ reporter plasmid (11) to...GAL1-GST CEN URA3 Mitchell et al. (32) pSLF-178K 2mum URA3 CYC1-lacZ Forsburg and...2000 to 1750 region of FLO11 promoter in pSLF-178K This study pXP234 bp 1800 to 1550...

Xuewen Pan; Joseph Heitman

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Intranight optical variability of radio-quiet BL Lacertae objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aims: The intranight variation (or microvariation) is a common phenomenon of radio-loud BL Lac objects. However, it is not clear whether the recently found radio-quiet BL Lac objects have the same properties. The occurrence rate of intranight variation is helpful in distinguishing the mechanism of the continuum of radio-quiet BL Lac objects. Methods: We conducted a photometric monitoring of 8 radio-quiet BL Lac objects by Xinglong 2.16m and Lijiang 2.4m telescopes. The differential light curves are calculated between each target and two comparison stars. To qualify the variation, the significance of variation is examined by scaled $F$-test. Results: No significant variation is found in the 11 sessions of light curves of 8 radio-quiet BL Lac objects (one galactic source is excluded). The lack of microvariation in radio-quiet BL Lac objects is consistent with the detection rate of microvariation in normal radio-quiet AGNs, but much lower than that of radio-loud AGNs. This result indicates that the continua of t...

Liu, Yuan; Zhang, Shuang Nan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

NREL Energy DataBus/Partners | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » NREL Energy DataBus/Partners < NREL Energy DataBus Jump to: navigation, search Energy Databus Commercial Partners Buffalo.png Buffalo Software offers Databus Support and Maintenance contracts, Installation of Databus and also offers feature development for new custom databus features. We have some committers on the NREL Energy Databus project and can easily customize and help make the Energy Databus meet your company's needs. We also offer training on Databus as well as certification to ensure your devices work with Databus. Buffalo Software (303) 517-8902 Magpie.jpg

113

Determination of the inductance of imploding wire array Z-pinches using measurements of load voltage  

SciTech Connect

The inductance of imploding cylindrical wire array z-pinches has been determined from measurements of load voltage and current. A thorough analysis method is presented that explains how the load voltage of interest is found from raw signals obtained using a resistive voltage divider. This method is applied to voltage data obtained during z-pinch experiments carried out on the MAGPIE facility (1.4 MA, 240 ns rise-time) in order to calculate the load inductance and thereafter the radial trajectory of the effective current sheath during the snowplough implosion. Voltage and current are monitored very close to the load, allowing these calculations to be carried out without the need for circuit modelling. Measurements give a convergence ratio for the current of between 3.1 and 5.7 at stagnation of the pinch.

Burdiak, G. C.; Lebedev, S. V.; Hall, G. N.; Harvey-Thompson, A. J.; Suzuki-Vidal, F.; Swadling, G. F.; Khoory, E.; Pickworth, L.; Bland, S. N.; Grouchy, P. de; Skidmore, J. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BW (United Kingdom)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

114

Status  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 Department of Energy Identity, Credential, and Access Management (ICAM) Cyber Security Training Conference Tuesday, May 18, 2010 Office of the Chief Information Officer 2 Announcement * LACS Birds-of-a-Feather Session - Logistics * Wednesday, May 19, 2010 * 9:30 AM - 11:30 AM EST * Room A708 - Focus: LACS ONLY! * LACS implementation experiences, lessons, questions, challenges, etc - Everyone is welcome * Science Identity Federation (Risk Management Track) - Logistics * Tuesday, May 18, 2010 * 4:00 PM - 5:00 PM EST * Room A704 - Focus * Ties into NSF/NIH InCommon Federation * Federated identity solution for Level 1 authentication Office of the Chief Information Officer 3 Slight Change of Focus Credential Issuance Facility Office of the Chief Information Officer 4 Paradigm Shift

115

S A V A N N A H R I V E R S I T E  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Personnel at the Savannah River Site (SRS) have extensive ex- Personnel at the Savannah River Site (SRS) have extensive ex- perience in safely receiving and storing a wide variety of used nuclear fuel (UNF) assemblies from both domestic and foreign research reactors. Since 1964, SRS has received more than 2,300 casks containing over 45,900 UNF assemblies. Since 1996, the L Area Complex (LAC) has received about 10,400 UNF assemblies in 506 casks from off-site sources. Fuel types include high and low enriched uranium used fuel. LAC has received and handled about 10 different UNF transportation casks weighing up to 65,000 pounds. LAC also made about 360 on-site used fuel casks transfers during this time. L Area Underwater storage facilities, called disassembly basins, were located in all five SRS production reactor areas. These facilities were designed to store UNF and

116

CX-005091: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

91: Categorical Exclusion Determination 91: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005091: Categorical Exclusion Determination Wisconsin-Tribe-Lac Du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/21/2011 Location(s): Wisconsin Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. The Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians proposes to install an approximate 27-ton, horizontal directional, closed-loop geothermal (ground-source heat pump) heating and cooling system for the Lac du Flambeau Tribal Natural Resources Complex. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-005091_0.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000095: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-00009

117

EXTRAGALACTIC VERY HIGH ENERGY GAMMA-RAY BACKGROUND  

SciTech Connect

We study the origin of the extragalactic diffuse gamma-ray background using the data from the Fermi telescope. To estimate the background level, we count photons at high Galactic latitudes |b| > 60 Degree-Sign . Subtracting photons associated with known sources and the residual cosmic-ray and Galactic diffuse backgrounds, we estimate the extragalactic gamma-ray background (EGB) flux. We find that the spectrum of EGB in the very high energy band above 30 GeV follows the stacked spectrum of BL Lac objects. Large Area Telescope data reveal the positive (1 + z) {sup k}, 1 < k < 4 cosmological evolution of the BL Lac source population consistent with that of their parent population, Fanaroff-Riley type I radio galaxies. We show that EGB at E > 30 GeV could be completely explained by emission from unresolved BL Lac objects if k {approx_equal} 3.

Neronov, A. [ISDC Data Center for Astrophysics, Chemin d'Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix (Switzerland); Semikoz, D. V. [APC, 10 rue Alice Domon et Leonie Duquet, F-75205 Paris Cedex 13 (France)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

118

Concerning Brucella LPS: genetic analysis and role in host- agent interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(rk-, mk+) phoA supE44 - thi-1 gyrA96 relA1 Invitrogen ?2155 ThrB1004 pro thi strA hsdS lacZDM15 (F? lacZ?M15 lacIq trajD36 proA1 proB1) ?dapA::erm (ErmR) pir::RP4 (::kan (KmR) from SM10) Dehio et al.(32) pBBR1MCS6-y Cloning... vector, CmR, GFP P. Elzer (107) pBluescript KS II(+) Cloning vector Stratagene pKD4 Source of nptII cassette and FRT sites B. Wanner (31) pJET1445 B. melitensis manBA operon in pBBR1MCS6- y, CmR This study pJET931MA p...

Turse, Joshua Edward

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

119

CX-004602: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: Categorical Exclusion Determination 2: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004602: Categorical Exclusion Determination Chippewa Tribe of Minnesota on behalf of the Fond du Lac Band Renewable Energy Technologies on Government Buildings CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.1 Date: 01/08/2010 Location(s): Tower, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy The Fond du Lac Band of the Chippewa Tribe would utilize Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant funds to install an 11 kilowatt photovoltaic system (approximately 54 205-Watt solar panels) on a planned Resource Management Building which would house the Fond du Lac Natural Resources Program, Environmental Program, Wildlife and Fisheries Program, the Forestry Program, and the Conservation Enforcement Program. There would also be a Tribal Court located in the building. The Band intends to apply

120

GAMMA-RAY LOUDNESS, SYNCHROTRON PEAK FREQUENCY, AND PARSEC-SCALE PROPERTIES OF BLAZARS DETECTED BY THE FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE  

SciTech Connect

The parsec-scale radio properties of 232 active galactic nuclei, most of which are blazars, detected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope have been observed contemporaneously by the Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) at 5 GHz. Data from both the first 11 months (1FGL) and the first 2 years (2FGL) of the Fermi mission were used to investigate these sources' {gamma}-ray properties. We use the ratio of the {gamma}-ray-to-radio luminosity as a measure of {gamma}-ray loudness. We investigate the relationship of several radio properties to {gamma}-ray loudness and to the synchrotron peak frequency. There is a tentative correlation between {gamma}-ray loudness and synchrotron peak frequency for BL Lac objects in both 1FGL and 2FGL, and for flat-spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs) in 2FGL. We find that the apparent opening angle tentatively correlates with {gamma}-ray loudness for FSRQs, but only when we use the 2FGL data. We also find that the total VLBA flux density correlates with the synchrotron peak frequency for BL Lac objects and FSRQs. The core brightness temperature also correlates with synchrotron peak frequency, but only for the BL Lac objects. The low-synchrotron-peaked (LSP) BL Lac object sample shows indications of contamination by FSRQs which happen to have undetectable emission lines. There is evidence that the LSP BL Lac objects are more strongly beamed than the rest of the BL Lac object population.

Linford, J. D.; Taylor, G. B.; Schinzel, F. K., E-mail: jlinford@unm.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, MSC07 4220, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001 (United States)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lacs magpie hartland" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A structural investigation of the chemokine dimer interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plasmid) were added. PCR products were purified by gel electrophorcsis followed by cleanup with a Qiagen Gel Extraction kit Purified PCR products were then digcstcd in a 31 Eco R I P lac Nsi I sol I on M13 Pst I Hind ill cl oodi 1-132 X los I... by a lac promoter (dark arrow at I:00) This figure is courtesy of Dr. Jim Hu of Texas A&M University. . 32 20pl mixture containing 141tl purified DNA, 21tI New England Biolabs BamH I Buffer, 21tl New England Biolabs 10X BSA buffer, I ltl New England...

Hayes, Garret Lance

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

122

Analysis of insertion mutants in the Escherichia coli fertility factor F transfer genes: traY, traQ, trbA, trbB and artA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and donor strains carrying both a tra::kan insertion construct and either Flee or pOX38 43 6 Qualitative mating and bacteriophage sensitivity S R + R tests of Tc Km Lac Nal XK1200 transconjugants deri~ed from Flac/pKI238 donors 45 7 Qualitative mating... and bacteriophage sensitivity S R + R tests of Tc Km Lac Nal XK1200 transconjugants derived from Flac/pKI239 donors 47 8 Southern hybridization pattern of Flac and Fl N323 8-5 DNA p t*d ' 8 pK118 1 NNA 9 Quantitative mating and complementation tests Fl t tt238...

Kathir, Pushpa Rani

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Influence of the Lactose Plasmid on the Metabolism of Galactose by Streptococcus lactis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Table 1). The above data suggest that the ability of S. lactis strain DR1251 to metabolize lactose is carried on a plasmid, pDRI, with a molecular weight of approximately 32 x 106. Five inde- pendent Lac- isolates of strain DR1251 were examined, and...

Donald J. LeBlanc; Vaughan L. Crow; Linda N. Lee; Claude F. Garon

1979-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Experimental evaluation of neutron performance in boron-doped low activation concrete  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......concrete (LAC) without boron-doping exposed to reactor...and special limestone. Boron (0.8 wt.%) was introduced in the form of boron carbide. NaCl powder...counted twice to detect two isotopes, 97Zr and 95Zr. The...uncertainty in neutron spectra determination is independent from uncertainties......

T. Ogawa; M. N. Morev; T. Abe; T. Iimoto; T. Kosako; K. Kimura; M. Kinno

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Connectivity and landscape patterns in human dominated landscape: a case study with the common frog Rana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Connectivity and landscape patterns in human dominated landscape: a case study with the common frog, Université de Savoie, Bâtiment Belledonne, 73376 Le Bourget du Lac, France Abstract Landscape connectivity is considered a key issue for biodiversity conservation and for the maintenance of natural ecosystems stability

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

126

Molecular characterization of AsgA, an unusual signal transduction protein required for multicellular development in Myxococcus xanthus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-dependent gene. An analysis of expression of a translational asgA-lacZ fusion confirms that asga is expressed during growth and early development. We have overexpressed asga in E. coli and purified AsgA protein. Purified AsgA was used as antigen to raise...

Li, Yonghui

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Effects of Granule-Associated Protein PhaP on Glycerol-Dependent Growth and Polymer Production in Poly(3-Hydroxybutyrate)-Producing Escherichia coli  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...U169 80d (lacZ)M15 Life Technologies M15 Strain...PHB b (g/liter) Residual CDW c (g/liter) PHB d (wt/wt) Residual glycerol e (g/liter...PHB was determined by gas chromatography. c Residual CDW was calculated by...

Alejandra de Almeida; Pablo I. Nikel; Andrea M. Giordano; M. Julia Pettinari

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

128

Antagonistic HLH/bHLH Transcription Factors Mediate Brassinosteroid Regulation of Cell Elongation and Plant Development in Rice and Arabidopsis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...genotyping of the transgenes. (B) Four-week-old PRE1-Ox and AtIBH1-Ox...dried for 3 h (Hitachi critical point dryer, HCP-2; Hitachi Koki...LacZ activity using a filter lift assay. The HIS3 yeast clones...for 30 min. Beads were washed four times with wash buffer (20...

Li-Ying Zhang; Ming-Yi Bai; Jinxia Wu; Jia-Ying Zhu; Hao Wang; Zhiguo Zhang; Wenfei Wang; Yu Sun; Jun Zhao; Xuehui Sun; Hongjuan Yang; Yunyuan Xu; Soo-Hwan Kim; Shozo Fujioka; Wen-Hui Lin; Kang Chong; Tiegang Lu; Zhi-Yong Wang

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

129

Plastidial Thioredoxin z Interacts with Two Fructokinase-Like Proteins in a Thiol-Dependent Manner: Evidence for an Essential Role in Chloroplast Development in Arabidopsis and Nicotiana benthamiana  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...shown that FRK3, one of the four fructokinase isoforms found...4-week-old N. benthamiana plant (four-leaf stage) was coinfiltrated...lacZ reporter gene using filter lift assays. Library plasmids from...study is an excellent starting point to achieve these long term goals...

Borjana Arsova; Ursula Hoja; Matthias Wimmelbacher; Eva Greiner; ?uayib ?stün; Michael Melzer; Kerstin Petersen; Wolfgang Lein; Frederik Börnke

2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

130

Linkage Map of Escherichia coli K-12, Edition 10: The Traditional Map  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Meng S. Y. Bennett G. N. Construction of lac fusions to the inducible...Escherichia coli periplasmic space. . (In French.) Belitskii...Escherichia coli against aerobic heating and stationary-phase death...Mata-Gilsinger M. Ritzenthaler P. Construction of hybrid plasmids containing...

Mary K. B. Berlyn

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Molecular Cell Mode of Regulation and the Insulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Cell Article Mode of Regulation and the Insulation of Bacterial Gene Expression Vered.molcel.2012.04.032 SUMMARY A gene can be said to be insulated from environ- mental variations if its the insulation of the lac promoter of E. coli and of synthetic constructs in which the transcription factor CRP

132

2014 Minnesota State Fair 4-H Lama Educational and Promotional Poster Winners Educational  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2014 Minnesota State Fair 4-H Lama Educational and Promotional Poster Winners Educational: Red Poster: Megan Silbaugh Mower Champion Education Lama Poster: Kiara Stai Kandiyohi #12;Promotional: Red Lacs Catherine Thom Carver Laura Meany Mower Megan Silbaugh Mower Reserve Champion Educational Lama

Netoff, Theoden

133

Be dating of river terraces of Santo Domingo river, on Southeastern flank of the Mrida Andes, Venezuela: Tectonic and climatic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Venezuela: Tectonic and climatic implications Oswaldo Guzmán a, b, *, Riccardo Vassallo b , Franck Audemard, Caracas 1081-A, Venezuela b ISTerre, Université de Savoie, CNRS, F-73376 Le Bourget du Lac, France c, Venezuela d Escuela de Geología, Minas y Geofísica, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Central de Venezuela

134

Single-molecule studies of repressorDNA interactions show long-range interactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...is no significant energy transfer between GFP and BOBO-3...binding, and the distribution of proteins along the lacO 256...nanochannel driven by an electric field of 5V/50 {mu...obtain the protein-distribution statistics...way that strain energy induced by bending...Advanced Research Planning Agency Grant MDA972-00-1-0031...

Y. M. Wang; Jonas O. Tegenfeldt; W. Reisner; R. Riehn; Xiao-Juan Guan; Ling Guo; Ido Golding; Edward C. Cox; James Sturm; Robert H. Austin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Bmp Indicator Mice Reveal Dynamic Regulation of Transcriptional Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

views (A1, B1, C1, D1, E1, F1). At E8.75, a dorsal-obliqueFigure 3, panels D1, E1, F1; data not shown). In summary,to CD1 mice to generate F1 progeny. Genotyping for lacZ in

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Fiber Knob Modifications Overcome Low, Heterogeneous Expression of the Coxsackievirus-Adenovirus Receptor That Limits Adenovirus Gene Transfer and Oncolysis for Human Rhabdomyosarcoma Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...effect of exogenous CAR expression on gene transfer...RAEK-HA), which is defective in its attachment to CAR, was significantly...wild-type or E1-defective (AdLacZ) Ad. Cells...for the expression of CAR using the RmcB antibody...

Timothy P. Cripe; Edward J. Dunphy; Alison D. Holub; Arvind Saini; Neeti H. Vasi; Yoni Y. Mahller; Margaret H. Collins; Jean D. Snyder; Victor Krasnykh; David T. Curiel; Thomas J. Wickham; James DeGregori; Jeffrey M. Bergelson; and Mark A. Currier

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

The Third Catalog of Active Galactic Nuclei Detected by the Fermi Large Area Telescope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The third catalog of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) detected by the Fermi-LAT (3LAC) is presented. It is based on the third Fermi-LAT catalog (3FGL) of sources detected with a test statistic (TS) greater than 25, using the first 4 years of data. The 3LAC includes 1591 AGNs located at high Galactic latitudes (|b|>10{\\deg}), which is a 71% increase over the second catalog that was based on 2 years of data. There are 28 duplicate associations (two counterparts to the same gamma-ray source), thus 1563 of the 2192 high-latitude gamma-ray sources of the 3FGL catalog are AGNs. A very large majority of these AGNs (98%) are blazars. About half of the newly detected blazars are of unknown type, i.e., they lack spectroscopic information of sufficient quality to determine the strength of their emission lines. Based on their spectral properties, these sources are evenly split between FSRQs and BL~Lacs. The general properties of the 3LAC sample confirm previous findings from earlier catalogs, but some new subclasses (e.g., ...

Ackermann, M; Atwood, W; Baldini, L; Ballet, J; Barbiellini, G; Bastieri, D; Gonzalez, J; Bellazzini, R; Bissaldi, E; Blandford, R; Bloom, E; Bonino, R; Bottacini, E; Brandt, T; Bregeon, J; Britto, R; Bruel, P; Buehler, R; Buson, S; Caliandro, G; Cameron, R; Caragiulo, M; Caraveo, P; Casandjian, J; Cavazzuti, E; Cecchi, C; Charles, E; Chekhtman, A; Cheung, C; Chiang, J; Chiaro, G; Ciprini, S; Claus, R; Cohen-Tanugi, J; Cominsky, L; Conrad, J; Cutini, S; D'Abrusco, R; D'Ammando, F; Angelis, A; Desiante, R; Digel, S; Venere, L; Drell, P; Favuzzi, C; Fegan, S; Ferrara, E; Finke, J; Focke, W; Franckowiak, A; Fuhrmann, L; Furniss, A; Fusco, P; Gargano, F; Gasparrini, D; Giglietto, N; Giommi, P; Giordano, F; Giroletti, M; Glanzman, T; Godfrey, G; Grenier, I; Grove, J; Guiriec, S; Hewitt, J W; Hill, A; Horan, D; J'ohannesson, G; Johnson, A; Johnson, W; Kataoka, J; Kuss, M; Mura, G; Larsson, S; Latronico, L; Leto, C; Li, J; Li, L; Longo, F; Loparco, F; Lott, B; Lovellette, M; Lubrano, P; Madejski, G; Mayer, M; Mazziotta, M; McEnery, J; Michelson, P; Mizuno, T; Moiseev, A; Monzani, M; Morselli, A; Moskalenko, I; Murgia, S; Nuss, E; Ohno, M; Ohsugi, T; Ojha, R; Omodei, N; Orienti, M; Orlando, E; Paggi, A; Paneque, D; Perkins, J; Pesce-Rollins, M; Piron, F; Pivato, G; Porter, T; Rain`o, S; Rando, R; Razzano, M; Razzaque, S; Reimer, A; Reimer, O; Romani, R; Salvetti, D; Schaal, M; Schinzel, F; Schulz, A; Sgr`o, C; Siskind, E; Sokolovsky, K; Spada, F; Spandre, G; Spinelli, P; Stawarz, L; Suson, D; Takahashi, H; Takahashi, T; Tanaka, Y; Thayer, J; Thayer, J; Tibaldo, L; Torres, D; Torresi, E; Tosti, G; Troja, E; Uchiyama, Y; Vianello, G; Winer, B; Wood, K; Zimmer, S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Evidence for catalytic water oxidation by a dimanganese tetrakis-Schiff base macrocycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

have been synthesized to mimic the structure of the Oxygen Evolving Complex (OEC), a Mn4OxCa cluster to the manganese centers by a l-carboxylato axial ligand in an analogous Schiff base complex [MnII 2LAc]+ lowers Mn(II) [17]. These macrocycles provided a planar N4O2 coordination environment for two metal centers

Dinolfo, Peter H.

139

Reconstruction of mreB Expression in Staphylococcus aureus via a Collection of New Integrative Plasmids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and pLac vector systems is the possibility...precise in the study of factors involved...instance, the study of specialized...Ratcliffe, R Wheeler, R Golestanian, JK Hobbs and SJ Foster. 2010. Peptidoglycan...Two-plasmid vector system for independently...reporters for studies of cellular localization...

Ana Yepes; Gudrun Koch; Andrea Waldvogel; Juan-Carlos Garcia-Betancur; Daniel Lopez

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

140

C. R. Physique 5 (2004) 735751 http://france.elsevier.com/direct/COMREN/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

du Lac cedex, France Presented by Guy Laval Abstract The sea ice cover, which insulates the oceanC. R. Physique 5 (2004) 735­751 http://france.elsevier.com/direct/COMREN/ Ice: from dislocations to icy satellites/La glace : des dislocations aux satellites de glace Scale properties of sea ice

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lacs magpie hartland" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The Estimation of Molecular and Cytogenetic Effects in Mice Exposed to Chronic Low Dose-Rate Gamma-Radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Molecular and cytogenetic parameters were estimated in male CBA/lac mice exposed to chronic low dose-rate ?-radiation (62 cGy/year) for 40, 80, 120, 210, and 365 days. After 40 days of exposure (6.7 cGy), sple...

A. N. Osipov; A. L. Elakov; P. V. Puchkov

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

From the Milwaukee/Waukesha Area: Take I-94 West. As you approach Madison, watch for Exit 4A LEFT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

directions at right. From the Wausau/Stevens Point Area: Take I-39/Hwy. 51 South. At Portage, I-39 mergesFrom the Milwaukee/Waukesha Area: Take I-94 West. As you approach Madison, watch for Exit 4A LEFT. From Hwy 12/18, follow directions at right. From the Fond du Lac/Oshkosh/Appleton/Green Bay Area: Take

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

143

Leading the Charge: Native Leaders Give Tribes a Voice on White House Climate Task Force  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

As members of the State, Local, and Tribal Leaders Task Force on Climate Preparedness and Resilience, Chairwoman Karen Diver, Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa (MN), and Mayor Reggie Joule, Northwest Arctic Borough (AK), are tasked with providing President Obama with recommendations on measures that will help tribal communities better prepare for and deal with the effects of climate change.

144

Molecular mechanism of quinone signaling mediated through S-quinonization of a YodB family repressor QsrR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...menadione complex, which revealed two characteristic peaks at 270 and 350 nm, which correspond to the absorbance of menadione...Instruments, Sunnyvale, CA) (http://intranet.jtc.jcvsf.org/ sops/M008...Plasmids or strains Gene type and relevant characteristics Source Plasmids pMCSG19 T7 lac promoter...

Quanjiang Ji; Liang Zhang; Marcus B. Jones; Fei Sun; Xin Deng; Haihua Liang; Hoonsik Cho; Pedro Brugarolas; Yihe N. Gao; Scott N. Peterson; Lefu Lan; Taeok Bae; Chuan He

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Herpetological Conservation and Biology 2(2):75-86 Submitted: 6 April 2007; Accepted: 4 June 2007.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF THE LAC T?L? COMMUNITY RESERVE, LIKOUALA REGION, REPUBLIC OF CONGO (BRAZZAVILLE, République du Congo Abstract.--We report here the results of the first herpetofaunal survey of the flooded forest of the Likouala Region of the Republic of Congo (Brazzaville). Collecting was carried out during

Jackson, Kate

146

ABSORPTION LINES IN THE SPECTRA OF DISTANT OBJECTS 1 John N. Bahcall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSORPTION LINES IN THE SPECTRA OF DISTANT OBJECTS 1 John N. Bahcall Institute for Advanced Study) of absorption-line systems which may be expected to occur in the spectra of distant objects. Absorption in the spectra of quasars and BL LAC objects. However, the fact that quasars exhibit rich absorption spectra

Bahcall, John

147

L-Area Reactor - 1993 annual - groundwater monitoring report  

SciTech Connect

Groundwater was sampled and analyzed during 1993 from wells monitoring the water table at the following locations in L Area: the L-Area Acid/Caustic Basin (four LAC wells), L-Area Research Wells in the southern portion of the area (outside the fence; three LAW wells), the L-Area Oil and Chemical Basin (four LCO wells), the L-Area Disassembly Basin (two LDB wells), the L-Area Burning/Rubble Pit (four LRP wells), and the L-Area Seepage Basin (four LSB wells). During 1993, tetrachloroethylene was detected above its drinking water standard (DWS) in the LAC, LAW, LCO, and LDB well series. Lead exceeded its 50 {mu}g/L standard in the LAW, LDB, and LRP series, and tritium was above its DWS in the LAW, LCO, and LSB series. Apparently anomalous elevated levels of the common laboratory contaminant bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate were reported during first quarter in one well each in the LAC series and LCO series, and during third quarter in a different LCO well. Extensive radionuclide analyses were performed during 1993 in the LAC, LAW, and LCO well series. No radionuclides other than tritium were reported above DWS or Flag 2 criteria.

Chase, J.A.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Michigan Tech University Keweenaw Research Center Ecological Baseline Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Michigan Tech University Keweenaw Research Center Ecological Baseline Report Lac La Belle Wetland;Michigan Tech University Keweenaw Research Center Ecological Baseline Report MDEQ Permit 06-31-0002-P 1 number 06-31-0002-P) to fill in 2.3 acres of wetland to expand a vehicle test course near the Michigan

149

Effects of experimental clearcut logging on thermal stratification, dissolved oxygen, and lake  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

à blanc autour de trois lacs dimictiques de 30 à 40 ha du nord-ouest de l'Ontario a été associée à caused sedimentation and nutrient enrichment in streams in various parts of North America (e.g., Brown water quality changes af- ter logging around boreal lakes and streams (Holopainen et al. 1991; Rask et

Wisenden, Brian D.

150

Single-molecule studies of repressorDNA interactions show long-range interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single-molecule studies of repressor­DNA interactions show long-range interactions Y. M. Wang performed single-molecule studies of GFP­LacI repressor proteins bound to bacteriophage DNA containing a 256 studies is to obtain information from single protein­DNA molecules, rather than ensembles of millions

151

Single Molecule Measurements of Repressor Protein 1D Diffusion on DNA Y. M. Wang,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single Molecule Measurements of Repressor Protein 1D Diffusion on DNA Y. M. Wang,1 Robert H. Austin 10 October 2005; published 27 July 2006) We used single-molecule imaging techniques and measured [10­14]. We used a single-molecule method approach to study LacI-DNA binding, and ob- served

Voigt, Chris

152

Development of procedures for preparation of data for operational evaluation of the low level meteorological model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the course of tne current j aves tigation, yields the solar declination angle within. 0. 5 dcg. A root-mean-squsre error of approximately 0. 25 deg was found 6) cosiparrng empi rical ly determined values of the solar:lac lination angle with those given...

Burnett, Paul Taylor

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

153

Edison Revisited: Should we use DC circuits for lighting in commercial buildings?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine the economic feasibility of using dedicated DC circuits to operate lighting in commercial buildings. We compare light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and fluorescents that are powered by either a central DC power supply or traditional AC grid electricity, with and without solar photovoltaics (PV) and battery back-up. Using DOE performance targets for \\{LEDs\\} and solar PV, we find that by 2012 \\{LEDs\\} have the lowest levelized annualized cost (LAC). If a DC voltage standard were developed, so that each LED fixture's driver could be eliminated, \\{LACs\\} could decrease, on average, by 5% compared to AC \\{LEDs\\} with a driver in each fixture. DC circuits in grid-connected PV-powered LED lighting systems can lower the total unsubsidized capital costs by 421% and \\{LACs\\} by 221% compared to AC grid-connected PV LEDs. Grid-connected PV \\{LEDs\\} may match the LAC of grid-powered fluorescents by 2013. This outcome depends more on manufacturers' ability to produce \\{LEDs\\} that follow DOE's lamp production cost and efficacy targets, than on reducing power electronics costs for DC building circuits and voltage standardization. Further work is needed to better understand potential safety risks with DC distribution and to remove design, installation, permitting, and regulatory barriers.

Brinda A. Thomas; Ins L. Azevedo; Granger Morgan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Single-molecule imaging in live bacteria cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...0.10 mum2 s1. In the absence of the laser trap, no long-range motion was observed...Notably, Elmore et al. [30] used a GFP fusion to the Lac repressor to bind the DNA near...MW, Lippincott-Schwartz, J, Hess, HF. 2006 Imaging intracellular fluorescent...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Gene Expression and Regulation from the p7 Promoter of Aedes Densonucleosis Virus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for 60 min, 300 mul of light emission accelerator was added, and the sample was immediately...Ci/mmol, 10 mCi/ml; New England Nuclear) riboprobes from p7lacZ and pBGUS templates...transfection was lyophilized in a SpeedVac vacuum desiccator (Savant Instruments, Holbrook...

Michael W. Kimmick; Boris N. Afanasiev; Barry J. Beaty; Jonathan O. Carlson

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Robo-3mediated repulsive interactions guide R8 axons during Drosophila visual system development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1103419108 Kartik S. Pappu Marta Morey Aljoscha Nern...photoreceptor neurons (R cells) project from the...eight photoreceptors or R cells each. R cells fall...green) and mAb-24B10 for R cells (magenta). (Scale...robo33 ; dac-LacZ/+. Pappu et al. www.pnas...

Kartik S. Pappu; Marta Morey; Aljoscha Nern; Bettina Spitzweck; Barry J. Dickson; S. L. Zipursky

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

RADIATION MECHANISM AND JET COMPOSITION OF GAMMA-RAY BURSTS AND GeV-TeV-SELECTED RADIO-LOUD ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI  

SciTech Connect

Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and GeV-TeV-selected radio-loud active galactic nuclei (AGNs) are compared based on our systematic modeling of the observed spectral energy distributions of a sample of AGNs with a single-zone leptonic model. We show that the correlation between the jet power (P{sub jet}) and the prompt gamma-ray luminosity (L{sub jet}) of GRBs is consistent, within the uncertainties, with the correlation between jet power and the synchrotron peak luminosity (L{sub s,jet}) of flat spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs). Their radiation efficiencies ({epsilon}) are also comparable (>10% for most sources), which increase with the bolometric jet luminosity (L{sub bol,jet}) for FSRQs and with the L{sub jet} for GRBs with similar power-law indices. BL Lac objects (BL Lacs) do not follow the P{sub jet}-L{sub s,jet} relation of FSRQs. They have lower {epsilon} and L{sub bol,jet} values than FSRQs, and a tentative L{sub bol,jet}-{epsilon} relation is also found, with a power-law index different from that of the FSRQs. The magnetization parameters ({sigma}) of FSRQs are on average larger than that of BL Lacs. They are anti-correlated with {epsilon} for the FSRQs, but positively correlated with {epsilon} for the BL Lacs. GeV narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies potentially share similar properties with FSRQs. Based on the analogy between GRBs and FSRQs, we suggest that the prompt gamma-ray emission of GRBs is likely produced by the synchrotron process in a magnetized jet with high radiation efficiency, similar to FSRQs. The jets of BL Lacs, on the other hand, are less efficient and are likely more matter-dominated.

Zhang Jin; Lu Ye; Zhang Shuangnan [National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China); Liang Enwei; Sun Xiaona [Department of Physics and GXU-NAOC Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004 (China); Zhang Bing, E-mail: lew@gxu.edu.cn [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89154 (United States)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

INVESTIGATION OF MOLECULAR CLOUD STRUCTURE AROUND INFRARED BUBBLES: CARMA OBSERVATIONS OF N14, N22, AND N74  

SciTech Connect

We present CARMA observations in 3.3 mm continuum and several molecular lines of the surroundings of N14, N22, and N74, three infrared bubbles from the GLIMPSE catalog. We have discovered 28 compact continuum sources and confirmed their associations with the bubbles using velocity information from HCO{sup +} and HCN. We have also mapped small-scale structures of N{sub 2}H{sup +} emission in the vicinity of the bubbles. By combining our data with survey data from GLIMPSE, MIPSGAL, BGPS, and MAGPIS, we establish about half of our continuum sources as star-forming cores. We also use survey data with the velocity information from our molecular line observations to describe the morphology of the bubbles and the nature of the fragmentation. We conclude from the properties of the continuum sources that N74 likely is at the near kinematic distance, which was previously unconfirmed. We also present tentative evidence of molecular clouds being more fragmented on bubble rims compared to dark clouds, suggesting that triggered star formation may occur, though our findings do not conform to a classic collect-and-collapse model.

Sherman, Reid A., E-mail: ras@oddjob.uchicago.edu [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

159

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.1 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2010 8, 2010 CX-003483: Categorical Exclusion Determination Minnesota - City - Bloomington CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B1.32, B5.1 Date: 08/18/2010 Location(s): Bloomington, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy August 18, 2010 CX-003481: Categorical Exclusion Determination California - City - Compton CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 08/18/2010 Location(s): Compton, California Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy August 17, 2010 CX-003491: Categorical Exclusion Determination Fond du Lac Hydroelectric Project CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 08/17/2010 Location(s): Fond du Lac, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office August 17, 2010 CX-003487: Categorical Exclusion Determination Recovery Act - State Energy Program

160

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determinations By Date | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7, 2010 7, 2010 CX-003491: Categorical Exclusion Determination Fond du Lac Hydroelectric Project CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 08/17/2010 Location(s): Fond du Lac, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office August 17, 2010 CX-003487: Categorical Exclusion Determination Recovery Act - State Energy Program CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 08/17/2010 Location(s): Dry Prong, Louisiana Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office August 17, 2010 CX-003484: Categorical Exclusion Determination Recovery Act - State Energy Program CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 08/17/2010 Location(s): Bossier City, Louisiana Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office August 17, 2010 CX-003486: Categorical Exclusion Determination

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lacs magpie hartland" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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161

CX-007840: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0: Categorical Exclusion Determination 0: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007840: Categorical Exclusion Determination Minnesota Chippewa Tribe (Mille Lacs Band) CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.1. B5.16, B5.18 Date: 01/23/2012 Location(s): Minnesota Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. The Minnesota Chippewa Tribe (Mille Lacs Band) proposes to install renewable energy systems on the new Head Start Facility consisting of two wind turbines (approximately 1.2 kilowatt (kW) each) and an approximately 5.7 kW solar paneling, roof-mounted system. U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form More Documents & Publications CX-004608: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009917: Categorical Exclusion Determination

162

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

tbe Cbippewa Tribe of MN on behalf of the Mille Lacs Band tbe Cbippewa Tribe of MN on behalf of the Mille Lacs Band Renewable Energy Technologies on Government Buildings The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Public Law 111 -5, appropriates funding for the Department of Energy (DOE) to issue/award formu la-based grants to states, U.S. territories, units oflocal government, and Indian tribes under the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program. DOE's authorization for this program is set forth in Title V, Subtitle E, of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of2007 . This ex determination is applicable to DOE elements reviewing and awarding formula- based and competitive grants under the EECBG Program, and includes, but is not limited to, EECBG Program activities under the purview of DOE-HQ Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, DOE Golden Field Office,

163

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Native American and Alaskan Native  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 8, 2010 April 8, 2010 CX-001634: Categorical Exclusion Determination Meteorological Tower Installation Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwa Indian Reservation CX(s) Applied: B3.1, A9 Date: 04/08/2010 Location(s): County of Mille Lacs, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office March 26, 2010 CX-006355: Categorical Exclusion Determination Oregon - Tribe - Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians of Oregon CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 Date: 03/26/2010 Location(s): Oregon Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy March 2, 2010 CX-004596: Categorical Exclusion Determination California- Tribe- Table Mountain Rancheria of California CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 03/02/2010 Location(s): California Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

164

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

81 - 23690 of 28,560 results. 81 - 23690 of 28,560 results. Article Department of Energy Announces 15 Projects Aimed at Secure CO2 Underground Storage More than 1,100 years of CO2 storage potential in Geologic Formations http://energy.gov/articles/department-energy-announces-15-projects-aimed-secure-co2-underground-storage Download Comments of Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/comments-mille-lacs-energy-cooperative Download WC_1995_014_CHANGING_ADVANCED_WAIVER_WA_1995-001_TO_CLASS_WA.pdf http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/wc1995014changingadvancedwaiverwa1995-001toclasswapdf Download Secretary Steven Chu's Remarks as Prepared for Delivery to the DOE Tribal Summit Secretary Steven Chu spoke to the DOE Tribal Summit about the creation of the Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs.

165

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 10440 of 28,905 results. 31 - 10440 of 28,905 results. Download FIA-13-0059- In the Matter of Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council On November 25, 2013, the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) issued a decision denying an appeal (Appeal) from a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) determination issued by the Department of Energy... http://energy.gov/oha/downloads/fia-13-0059-matter-hanford-atomic-metals-trades-council Download Acrobat PDFMaker 5.0 http://energy.gov/cio/downloads/acrobat-pdfmaker-50 Download Comments of Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/comments-mille-lacs-energy-cooperative Download PTS 13.1 Radioactive And Hazardous Material Transportation 4/13/00 The objective of this surveillance is to evaluate the effectiveness of the contractor's programs, policies, and procedures to transport radioactive

166

CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

25: Categorical Exclusion Determination 25: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Wood Products Study CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. The Lac Vieux Desert Tribe proposes to use funding to help with a current effort that is a collaboration of the Tribe with the Conservation Fund of Michigan, an effort that is funded by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation. The project will be conducting a feasibility study to determine the viability of using wood products from resources found on tribal lands. The study is dedicating a part of the effort to see the feasibility of providing a renewable energy

167

More Weatherized Homes for Minnesota Tribe | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

More Weatherized Homes for Minnesota Tribe More Weatherized Homes for Minnesota Tribe More Weatherized Homes for Minnesota Tribe April 22, 2010 - 4:51pm Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Randy and Dorothy Pittman are cozy now, but for the first few winters in their new home at the Fond du Lac Reservation this was not the case. At first, the couple, who moved from muggy Alabama, thought they needed time to acclimate to the Minnesota cold. It turned out it was the two-story house they constructed that needed adjusting. "I had not built a house in the North," says Dorothy, a tribal member of the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, who takes partial blame for a drafty downstairs. "It's a whole different climate here." Everything changed last fall after a weatherization crew from Arrowhead

168

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Minnesota | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 20, 2010 April 20, 2010 CX-002525: Categorical Exclusion Determination Minnesota E85 Fueling Network Expansion CX(s) Applied: A1, A9 Date: 04/20/2010 Location(s): Saint Paul, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory April 9, 2010 CX-001651: Categorical Exclusion Determination Commercial and Industrial Building Energy Efficiency CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.1 Date: 04/09/2010 Location(s): Saint Paul, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office April 8, 2010 CX-001634: Categorical Exclusion Determination Meteorological Tower Installation Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwa Indian Reservation CX(s) Applied: B3.1, A9 Date: 04/08/2010 Location(s): County of Mille Lacs, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

169

CX-004607: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Categorical Exclusion Determination 7: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004607: Categorical Exclusion Determination Chippewa Tribe of Minnesota on behalf of the Mille Lacs Band Residential and Commercial Building Energy Audits CX(s) Applied: A9, B5.1 Date: 01/08/2010 Location(s): Tower, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. The Mille Lacs Band would hire a professional energy auditing firm (Sustainable Engineering Group LLC) to conduct energy audits of the main tribal government buildings in District I of the reservation: the Government Center (50,600 square feet), the Assisted Living Unit (33,000 square feet), and the Clinic (18,000 square feet). DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-004607.pdf More Documents & Publications

170

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fond du Lac Band Fond du Lac Band Renewable Energy Technologies on Government Buildings The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Public Law 111 -5, appropriates funding for the Department of Energy (DOE) to issue/award fonnula-based grants to states, U.S . territories, units of local government, and Indian tribes under the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program. DOE's authorization for this program is set forth in Title V, Subtitle E, of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of2007. This CX detennination is applicable to DOE elements reviewing and awarding fonnula- based and competitive grants under the EECBG Program, and includes, but is not limited to, EECBG Program activities under the purview of DOE-HQ Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, DOE Golden Field Office,

171

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

01 - 21510 of 28,905 results. 01 - 21510 of 28,905 results. Page Disposition Schedules The DOE Records Disposition Schedules provide the authority for the transfer, or disposal of records created and maintained by the Department of Energy. The Disposition Schedules, and the citations... http://energy.gov/cio/guidance/records-management/disposition-schedules Download CX-001634: Categorical Exclusion Determination Meteorological Tower Installation Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwa Indian Reservation CX(s) Applied: B3.1, A9 Date: 04/08/2010 Location(s): County of Mille Lacs, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-001634-categorical-exclusion-determination Page Communication & Engagement EM provides clear, timely, and consistent communication on the mission and

172

Simultaneous Planck, Swift, and Fermi observations of X-ray and gamma-ray selected blazars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present simultaneous Planck, Swift, Fermi, and ground-based data for 105 blazars belonging to three samples with flux limits in the soft X-ray, hard X-ray, and gamma-ray bands. Our unique data set has allowed us to demonstrate that the selection method strongly influences the results, producing biases that cannot be ignored. Almost all the BL Lac objects have been detected by Fermi-LAT, whereas ~40% of the flat-spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs) in the radio, soft X-ray, and hard X-ray selected samples are still below the gamma-ray detection limit even after integrating 27 months of Fermi-LAT data. The radio to sub-mm spectral slope of blazars is quite flat up to ~70GHz, above which it steepens to ~-0.65. BL Lacs have significantly flatter spectra than FSRQs at higher frequencies. The distribution of the rest-frame synchrotron peak frequency (\

Giommi, P; Lahteenmaki, A; Thompson, D J; Capalbi, M; Cutini, S; Gasparrini, D; Gonzalez-Nuevo, J; Leon-Tavares, J; Lopez-Caniego, M; Mazziotta, M N; Monte, C; Perri, M; Raino, S; Tosti, G; Tramacere, A; Verrecchia, F; Aller, H D; Aller, M F; Angelakis, E; Bastieri, D; Berdyugin, A; Bonaldi, A; Bonavera, L; Burigana, C; Burrows, D N; Buson, S; Cavazzuti, E; Chincarini, G; Colafrancesco, S; Costamante, L; Cuttaia, F; D'Ammando, F; de Zotti, G; Frailis, M; Fuhrmann, L; Galeotta, S; Gargano, F; Gehrels, N; Giglietto, N; Giordano, F; Giroletti, M; Keihanen, E; King, O; Krichbaum, T P; Lasenby, A; Lavonen, N; Lawrence, C R; Leto, C; Lindfors, E; Mandolesi, N; Massardi, M; Max-Moerbeck, W; Michelson, P F; Mingaliev, M; Natoli, P; Nestoras, I; Nieppola, E; Nilsson, K; Partridge, B; Pavlidou, V; Pearson, T J; Procopio, P; Rachen, J P; Readhead, A; Reeves, R; Reimer, A; Reinthal, R; Ricciardi, S; Richards, J; Riquelme, D; Saarinen, J; Sajina, A; Sandri, M; Savolainen, P; Sievers, A; Sillanpaa, A; Sotnikova, Y; Stevenson, M; Tagliaferri, G; Takalo, L; Tammi, J; Tavagnacco, D; Terenzi, L; Toffolatti, L; Tornikoski, M; Trigilio, C; Turunen, M; Umana, G; Ungerechts, H; Villa, F; Wu, J; Zacchei, A; Zensus, J A; Zhou, X

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

A Multiwavelength Study of the Extreme AGN J2310-437  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present new X-ray, radio, and optical data for the unusual galaxy/cluster system J2310-437. Our results confirm the presence of an active nucleus, and suggest an interpretation as an anomalous BL Lac object of bulk relativistic Doppler factor < 2, with an optically deficient radio-to-X-ray spectrum. The radio, optical, and soft X-ray flux densities could lie along a single power-law function, lacking the curvature typical of BL Lac objects. Compared with other known sources that may have comparable multifrequency spectra, J2310-437 is the most extreme. Its low isotropic optical/UV radiation is consistent with the intensity of external photons governing the electron spectral break through Compton cooling; in this source the external photon density would be too low to produce a spectral break below the X-ray.

D. M. Worrall; M. Birkinshaw; R. A. Remillard; A. Prestwich; W. H. Tucker; H. Tananbaum

1998-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

174

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B3.1 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 8, 2010 April 8, 2010 CX-001640: Categorical Exclusion Determination Geophysical and Seismic Investigations at the Shoal, Nevada Site CX(s) Applied: B3.1 Date: 04/08/2010 Location(s): Shoal, Nevada Office(s): Legacy Management April 8, 2010 CX-001634: Categorical Exclusion Determination Meteorological Tower Installation Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwa Indian Reservation CX(s) Applied: B3.1, A9 Date: 04/08/2010 Location(s): County of Mille Lacs, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office April 8, 2010 CX-001600: Categorical Exclusion Determination Aerial Photography of Solar Parabolic Trough Field at Abengoa Research Facilities, Lakewood, Colorado CX(s) Applied: B3.1, B3.6 Date: 04/08/2010 Location(s): Lakewood, Colorado Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

175

More Weatherized Homes for Minnesota Tribe | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

More Weatherized Homes for Minnesota Tribe More Weatherized Homes for Minnesota Tribe More Weatherized Homes for Minnesota Tribe April 22, 2010 - 4:51pm Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Randy and Dorothy Pittman are cozy now, but for the first few winters in their new home at the Fond du Lac Reservation this was not the case. At first, the couple, who moved from muggy Alabama, thought they needed time to acclimate to the Minnesota cold. It turned out it was the two-story house they constructed that needed adjusting. "I had not built a house in the North," says Dorothy, a tribal member of the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, who takes partial blame for a drafty downstairs. "It's a whole different climate here." Everything changed last fall after a weatherization crew from Arrowhead

176

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

71 - 1980 of 8,172 results. 71 - 1980 of 8,172 results. Download CX-004608: Categorical Exclusion Determination Chippewa Tribe of Minnesota on behalf of the Mille Lacs Band Renewable Energy Technologies on Government Buildings CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.1 Date: 01/08/2010 Location(s): Tower, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-004608-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-004607: Categorical Exclusion Determination Chippewa Tribe of Minnesota on behalf of the Mille Lacs Band Residential and Commercial Building Energy Audits CX(s) Applied: A9, B5.1 Date: 01/08/2010 Location(s): Tower, Minnesota Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-004607-categorical-exclusion-determination

177

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mille Lacs Band Mille Lacs Band Residential and Commercial Building Energy Audits The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Public Law 111-5, appropriates funding for the Department of Energy (DOE) to issue/award formula-based grants to states, U.S . territories, units of local government, and Indian tribes under the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program. DOE's authorization for this program is set forth in Title V, Subtitle E, of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of2007. This CX detennination is applicable to DOE elements reviewing and awarding fonnula- based and competitive grants under the EECBG Program, and includes, but is not litllited to, EECBG Program activities under the purview of DOE-HQ Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, DOE Golden Field Office

178

Data:A0fee6a1-2aa1-4217-9458-cb95314b2738 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fee6a1-2aa1-4217-9458-cb95314b2738 fee6a1-2aa1-4217-9458-cb95314b2738 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Minnesota Power Inc Effective date: 2009/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: RIDER FOR FOND DU LAC RESERVATION BUSINESS LICENSE FEE Sector: Description: APPLICATION Applicable to billings for electric service provided within the Fond du Lac Reservation located in the southern portion of St. Louis County and the northern portion of Carlton County, Minnesota. ADJUSTMENT In accordance with the Corporate Code, Business License System and Employment Rights Law contained in the Fond du Lac Reservation Ordinance 5/84, businesses operating within the Reservation shall pay an assessment of 0.5 percent on revenues from sales within the Reservation. Therefore, there shall be added to each customer's monthly electric service bill a Fond du Lac Reservation Business License Fee assessment. The amount of the fee to be assessed shall be the applicable Assessment Rate multiplied by the Customer's bill for electric service. Compliance by Minnesota Power with the Business License System is governed by the terms of an agreement dated September 25, 1985, as amended by letter dated January 6, 1986, made with the Reservation Business Committee. Since the License Fee assessable by Minnesota Power applies retroactively to October 2, 1985, the initial Assessment Rate shall be 1.0 percent until such time as all retroactive amounts have been collected. Thereafter, the Assessment Rate shall be 0.5 percent.

179

Overexpression of virD1 and virD2 genes in Agrobacterium tumefaciens enhances T-complex formation and plant transformation.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Glu Ala Ile Leu Gln SOr Il Gly Thr CTC TCA AOC LAC A? GCC GC CTG CTA ?C? 0CC TAT 0CC GAL AL? CCG AOC A?G 956 Leu Sor SOr Ann I11 Ala Ala Leu Lou...Thr Thr Sis IIle Ie Val 5tr The CCC 0CC G0T AOC AGC CAG GTA G OCT TAT GCC AGC COG GA TOO OCA...

K Wang; A Herrera-Estrella; M Van Montagu

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Great Plains and Midwest Drought Impacts and Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the region. · IA, 6.71in (227%) MI, 5.97in (223%) set new records for wetness. #12;http, MO #12;Lake Ice: Late thaws and ice coming onshore cnn.com · `Ice tsunami' on Mille Lacs Lake, MN.usda.gov/oce/weather/pubs/Weekly/Wwcb/wwcb.pdf Weekly Weather and Crop Bulletin, Vol. 100, No. 20 NOAA/USDA/JAWF #12;Corn Planting Progress in US 2013

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lacs magpie hartland" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Spray-chilling and carcass decontamination systems using lactic and acetic acid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SPRAY-CHILLING AND CARCASS DECONTANINATION SYSTEMS USING LAC1'IC AND ACETIC ACID A Thesis by PATRICK LAWRENCE HAMBY Submitted to the Graduate College of TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree NASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1986 Najor Subject; Food Science and Technology SPRAY-CHILLING AND CARCASS DECONTAMINATION SYSTEMS USING LACTIC AND ACETIC ACID A Thesis by PATRICK LAWRENCE NAMBY Approved as to style and content by: H. R. Cross (Co...

Hamby, Patrick Lawrence

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

182

THE SOCIAL STRUCTURING OF POSTINDUSTRIAL CONFLICT: CITIZEN POSITIONS ON ENVIRONMENTAL DIMENSIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

old and new societies whieh only new conceptual formulations and methodological techniques can ferret out. The approach draws its inspiration from recent research on dynamical systems (Briggs and Peat, 1989;Dendrinos and Sonis, 1990; Peitgen and Sanpe...Vid Peat. 1989. Turbulent Mirror N Brown, Phil and Ed 0 ew York: Harper and , WIn Mikk JLeukenlia, and C . e ~en. 1990. No Saf; p .. . Press. ommuntty Action. Berkeley CA- ~ .lac~. ToxIc Waste, .: Clement, Wallace d ' . nlverslty of California G . ,an...

Kowalewski, David

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

pTR214 -Tom Roberts Cro over-expressor pZ150 -phagemid vector for production of ssDNA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BamH1 Nde1 + Zagursky & Berman Gene 27 183 (84) pAP104 - lac promoter, moderate expression for mutagenesis & DNA sequencing Amp R1 M13 ori BamH1 Nde1 Pakula Young & Sauer PNAS 83 8829 (86) Cro PtacR1 pAP5M 183 (84) Cro PtacR1 pAP114 Amp M13 ori Nde1 Pakula and Sauer Proteins 5 202 (89) Bgl2 semi

Mossing, Mike

184

VOL. 65, NO. 3 (SEPTEMBER 2012) P. 245256 Perfluorinated Chemicals in Meromictic Lakes on the Northern Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

revealed the presence of several PFCs in catchment snowpack, inflowing streams, lake water, and the aquatic the lake via streams and flows directly under the lake ice to the ocean. The onset of summer open water lacs méromictiques situés sur la côte nord de l'île d'Ellesmere au Nunavut, et d'évaluer les résultats

Vincent, Warwick F.

185

Very-high-energy blazars: updates from VERITAS observations and multi-wavelength campaigns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VERITAS is an array of four 12-m atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes, designed to observe the very-high-energy (VHE; E $\\geq$100 GeV) sky. Since 2007, it has detected more than 20 extra-galactic sources, the majority of which are active-galactic-nuclei of the blazar class. In this paper we present a selection of the most recent results from the VERITAS blazar observing program, in particular in the context of broad-band multi-wavelength campaigns. Four results are highlighted: the detection of the flat-spectrum-radio-quasar PKS 1222+216 (4C +21.35) during March 2014; the $\\gamma$-ray flare from the BL Lac object 1ES 1727+502, observed under bright-moonlight conditions during May 2013; the bright $\\gamma$-ray flare from the BL Lac object 1ES 1011+496 during February 2014; and the long-term campaign on the BL Lac object PKS 1424+240, currently the farthest (z > 0.60), persistent VHE emitter

Cerruti, Matteo

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Photons into axion-like particles conversion in Active Galactic Nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The idea that photons can convert into axion-like particles (ALPs) $\\gamma \\to a$ in or around an AGN and reconvert back into photons $a \\to \\gamma$ in the Milky Way magnetic field has been put forward in 2008 and has recently attracted growing interest. Yet, so far nobody has estimated the conversion probability $\\gamma \\to a$ as carefully as allowed by present-day knowledge. Our aim is to fill this gap. We first remark that AGN that can be detected above 100 GeV are blazars, namely AGN with jets, with one of them pointing towards us. Moreover, blazars fall into two well defined classes: BL Lac objects (BL Lacs) and Flat Spectrum Radio Quasars (FSRQs), with drastically different properties. In this Letter we evaluate the $\\gamma \\to a$ conversion probability inside these two classes of blazars, taking also the host elliptical galaxy into account. Our findings are surprising. For, while in the case of BL Lacs the conversion probability turns out to be totally unpredictable due to the strong dependence on the values of the somewhat uncertain position of the emission region along the jet and strength of the magnetic field therein, for FSRQs we are able to make a clear-cut prediction. Our results are of paramount importance in view of the planned very-high-energy detectors like the CTA, HAWK and HISCORE, as well as for laboratory experiments like ALPS II at DESY and IAXO.

Fabrizio Tavecchio; Marco Roncadelli; Giorgio Galanti

2014-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

187

The Spectral Index Distribution of EGRET Blazars: Prospects for GLAST  

SciTech Connect

The intrinsic distribution of spectral indices in GeV energies of gamma-ray-loud blazars is a critical input in determining the spectral shape of the unresolved blazar contribution to the diffuse extragalactic gamma-ray background, as well as an important test of blazar emission theories. We present a maximum-likelihood method of determining the intrinsic spectral index distribution (ISID) of a population of {gamma}-ray emitters which accounts for error in measurement of individual spectral indices, and we apply it to EGRET blazars. We find that the most likely Gaussian ISID for EGRET blazars has a mean of 2.27 and a standard deviation of 0.20. We additionally find some indication that FSRQs and BL Lacs may have different ISIDs (with BL Lacs being harder). We also test for spectral index hardening associated with blazar variability for which we find no evidence. Finally, we produce simulated GLAST spectral index datasets and perform the same analyses. With improved statistics due to the much larger number of resolvable blazars, GLAST data will help us determine the ISIDs with much improved accuracy. Should any difference exist between the ISIDs of BL Lacs and FSRQs or between the ISIDs of blazars in the quiescent and flaring states, GLAST data will be adequate to separate these ISIDs at a significance better than 3{sigma}.

Venters, Tonia M.; Pavlidou, Vasiliki; /SLAC

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

188

The Evolution of Swift/BAT blazars and the origin of the MeV background  

SciTech Connect

We use 3 years of data from the Swift/BAT survey to select a complete sample of X-ray blazars above 15 keV. This sample comprises 26 Flat-Spectrum Radio Quasars (FSRQs) and 12 BL Lac objects detected over a redshift range of 0.03 < z < 4.0. We use this sample to determine, for the first time in the 15-55 keV band, the evolution of blazars. We find that, contrary to the Seyfert-like AGNs detected by BAT, the population of blazars shows strong positive evolution. This evolution is comparable to the evolution of luminous optical QSOs and luminous X-ray selected AGNs. We also find evidence for an epoch-dependence of the evolution as determined previously for radio-quiet AGNs. We interpret both these findings as a strong link between accretion and jet activity. In our sample, the FSRQs evolve strongly, while our best-fit shows that BL Lacs might not evolve at all. The blazar population accounts for 10-20% (depending on the evolution of the BL Lacs) of the Cosmic X-ray background (CXB) in the 15-55 keV band. We find that FSRQs can explain the entire CXB emission for energies above 500 keV solving the mystery of the generation of the MeV background. The evolution of luminous FSRQs shows a peak in redshift (z{sub c} = 4.3 {+-} 0.5) which is larger than the one observed in QSOs and X-ray selected AGNs. We argue that FSRQs can be used as tracers of massive elliptical galaxies in the early Universe.

Ajello, M.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Costamante, L.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Sambruna, R.M.; Gehrels, N.; /NASA, Goddard; Chiang, J.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Rau, A.; /Caltech; Escala, A.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Cerro Calan Observ.; Greiner, J.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE; Tueller, J.; /NASA, Goddard; Wall, J.V.; /British Columbia U.; Mushotzky, R.F.; /NASA, Goddard

2009-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

189

PHOTOMETRICALLY TRIGGERED KECK SPECTROSCOPY OF FERMI BL LACERTAE OBJECTS  

SciTech Connect

We report on Keck spectra of 10 Fermi blazars. J0622+3326, previously unobserved, is shown to be a flat-spectrum radio quasar at redshift z = 1.062. The others are known BL Lac type objects that have resisted previous attempts to secure redshifts. Using a photometric monitoring campaign with the 0.76 m Katzman Automatic Imaging Telescope at Lick Observatory, we identified epochs when the relativistic jet emission was fainter than usual, thus triggering the Keck spectroscopy. This strategy gives improved sensitivity to stars and ionized gas in the host galaxy, thereby providing improved redshift constraints for seven of these sources.

Shaw, Michael S.; Romani, Roger W. [Department of Physics/KIPAC, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Filippenko, Alexei V.; Cenko, S. Bradley; Li, Weidong [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Characterization of protein binding to the psbAII promoter region in Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942 and its role in light regulated gene expression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

intensity. Translational gene fusions between each of the psbA genes and a truncated Escherichia coli lacZ gene were prepared as reporters for psbA gene activity (35). P-galactosidase assays of strains carrying these fusions show that as light intensity... decreases from 600 ttE m 2 s-I to 2 ttE m 2 s I, expression of the psbAI gene fusion increases 800%, whereas expression of the psbAII and psbAIII gene fusions decreases 90% (35). To determine if light availability affects the ratio of the two forms...

Dickerson, Naoma Suzanne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

191

The ABC-Type Ef?ux Pump MacAB Protects Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium from Oxidative Stress  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AB-null cells are sensitive to H2O2, we next deter- mined whether hydrogen peroxide exposure would induce ex- pression of the macAB promoter. We found that in a strain bear- ing a chromosomal macAB-lacZY transcriptional fusion integrated on the chromosome...s patches of infected mice com- pared to the wild type (Fig. 3). These data support previous observations that Ma- cAB is needed after oral infection (24) and for Salmonella survival in the pres- ence of ROS. MacAB is required for resistance to hydrogen...

Bogomolnaya, Lydia M.; Andrews, Katharine D.; Talamantes, Marissa; Maple, Aimee; Ragoza, Yury; Vazquez-Torres, Andres; Andrews-Polymenis, Helene

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

192

Ogmios 12  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the fuller announcement later in this issue of Ogmios (p . 14) . O I e sletter f ati f r a ere a a es l s ti t r ....................................... ..... .................. ............ ........... .... erica I ia t ies esearc I stit te... stylistic device that cannot be re rese te i lis tra slati n" (p. ). e device in question is variation in the prefixes attac e t ste s i lac a as i , a after a detailed exposition of the for s encountered in a set f texts featuring rizzly o an...

Ostler, Nicholas D M

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Understanding Hydrogen in Bayer Process Emissions. 2. Hydrogen Production during the Degradation of Unsaturated Carboxylic Acids in Sodium Hydroxide Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Allan Costine *, Joanne S.C. Loh , and Greg Power ... The stoichiometries of the formation of hydrogen and LMW carboxylates from the unsaturated carboxylates observed here are consistent with the regioselective hydration of the C?C double bond to form the corresponding ?-hydroxycarboxylates, which then undergo further degradation by an ionic mechanism involving base-catalyzed oxidation by water. ... Conditions: temperature = 250 C, time at temperature = 15 min, [NaOH] = 3.77 M. Legend: Ox = oxalate; For = formate; Ace = acetate; Lac = lactate; But = butanoate; Mal = malonate; Car = carbonate. ...

Allan Costine; Joanne S.C. Loh; Greg Power

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Chapter 4 - Air Pollution Decision Tools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Different types of information must be evaluated and integrated to support means of addressing air pollution. Evidence-based is compared to precaution-based air pollution risk assessment. The entire spectrum of risk-based decision making is considered, including risk perception. Air pollution statistics and probability are discussed using examples and case studies, including radon, black swan events, toxic clouds such as the one in Bhopal, India and explosions and fires such as the one caused by the derailment in Lac-Mgantic in eastern Quebec, Canada.

Daniel Vallero

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Correlation between Ligand?Receptor Affinity and the Transcription Readout in a Yeast Three-Hybrid System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A series of mutations to FK506-binding protein 12 (FKBP12) were designed to vary the affinity of this protein for the small molecule synthetic ligand for FK506-binding protein 12 (SLF). ... These FKBP12 variants were overexpressed and purified, and their KD's for SLF were measured using a fluorescence polarization assay. ... A heterodimeric ligand (Mtx?SLF) bridges a DNA-binding protein?receptor protein chimera (LexA?DHFR) and a transcription activation protein?receptor protein chimera (B42?FKBP12), effectively reconstituting a transcriptional activator and stimulating transcription of a lacZ reporter gene. ...

Karim Suwwan de Felipe; Brian T. Carter; Eric A. Althoff; Virginia W. Cornish

2004-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

196

Review of the Z?pinch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dense Z?pinch is undergoing a renaissance of research following the development of large terawatt pulse?power generator sources and the theoretical modeling of radiative collapse and of conditions for controlled fusion. The issue of macroscopic stability has been made clearer with the construction of a universal diagram delineating regimes in parameter space for the importance of various physical effects. Of particular interest is the regime in which large ion Larmor radius effects are important since under conditions for fusion with end losses and also for a strong radiative collapse the ion Larmor radius is about 20% of the pinch radius; this coincides with a minimum in the growth rate of m=0 and m=1 modes in two kinetic models for a parabolic density profile. At Imperial College Z?pinch experiments have commenced on the MAGPIE generator (2.4 MV 336 kJ 200 ns). In common with other solid fiber experiments on terawatt and smaller machines there is a tendency at low line density for the ablating coronal plasma to expand consistent with the triggering of lower hybrid turbulence due to the high drift velocity which prevents the current density from being sufficient to provide an inward pinching force to overcome the pressure gradient. At higher line density when the ion Larmor radius is small bright spots appear on the axis with a lifetime of about 10 ns. The connection of these with MHD m=0 instabilities will be discussed. At later times there can be an abrupt disruption of the discharge accompanied by a hard X?ray burst and for CD2 fibers a neutron pulse also. One possible explanation of this phenomenon is end losses of plasma leading to a fall of line density below a critical value which triggers a high anomalous resistivity accompanied by the onset of runaway electrons and accelerated ions. A similar triggering would occur if the line density is lowered in a m=0 neck region. Besides the development of a more complete set of diagnostic tools for the better understanding of these phenomena attention is now being focused on pinch load designs that will minimize the initial expansion and control the instabilities and disruption.

M. G. Haines

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

FLARING PATTERNS IN BLAZARS  

SciTech Connect

Blazars radiate from relativistic jets launched by a supermassive black hole along our line of sight; the subclass of flat spectrum radio quasars exhibits broad emission lines, a telltale sign of a gas-rich environment and high accretion rate, contrary to the other subclass of the BL Lacertae objects. We show that this dichotomy of the sources in physical properties is enhanced in their flaring activity. The BL Lac flares yielded spectral evidence of being driven by further acceleration of highly relativistic electrons in the jet. Here, we discuss spectral fits of multi-{lambda} data concerning strong flares of the two flat spectrum radio quasars 3C 454.3 and 3C 279 recently detected in {gamma}-rays by the AGILE and Fermi satellites. We find that optimal spectral fits are provided by external Compton radiation enhanced by increasing production of thermal seed photons by growing accretion. We find such flares to trace patterns on the jet-power-electron-energy plane that diverge from those followed by flaring BL Lac objects and discuss why these occur.

Paggi, A.; Cavaliere, A.; Tavani, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma 'Tor Vergata', Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Roma (Italy); Vittorini, V.; D'Ammando, F., E-mail: paggi@roma2.infn.it [INAF/IASF-Roma, Via Fosso del Cavaliere 1, I-00100 Roma (Italy)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Heart valve cardiomyocytes of mouse embryos express the serotonin transporter SERT  

SciTech Connect

Multiple evidence demonstrate a role for serotonin and its transporter SERT in heart valve development and disease. By utilizing a Cre/loxP system driven by SERT gene expression, we recently demonstrated a regionally restricted distribution of SERT-expressing cells in developing mouse heart. In order to characterize the cell types exhibiting SERT expression within the mouse heart valves at early developmental stages, in this study we performed immunohistochemistry for Islet1 (Isl1) and connexin-43 (Cx-43) on heart sections from SERT{sup Cre/+};ROSA26R embryos previously stained with X-gal. We observed the co-localization of LacZ staining with Isl1 labelling in the outflow tract, the right ventricle and the conal region of E11.5 mouse heart. Cx-43 labelled cells co-localized with LacZ stained cells in the forming atrioventricular valves. These results demonstrate the cardiomyocyte phenotype of SERT-expressing cells in heart valves of the developing mouse heart, thus suggesting an active role of SERT in early heart valve development.

Pavone, Luigi Michele [Department of Biological Structures, Functions and Technologies, University of Naples Federico II, Via F. Delpino 1, 80137 Naples (Italy); Department of Biochemistry and Medical Biotechnologies, University of Naples Federico II, Naples (Italy)], E-mail: pavone@dbbm.unina.it; Spina, Anna; Lo Muto, Roberta; Santoro, Dionea [Department of Biological Structures, Functions and Technologies, University of Naples Federico II, Via F. Delpino 1, 80137 Naples (Italy); Department of Biochemistry and Medical Biotechnologies, University of Naples Federico II, Naples (Italy); Mastellone, Vincenzo [Department of Experimental Medicine 'G. Salvatore', University of Magna Graecia, Catanzaro (Italy); Avallone, Luigi [Department of Biological Structures, Functions and Technologies, University of Naples Federico II, Via F. Delpino 1, 80137 Naples (Italy)

2008-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

199

Photon-ALP conversions inside AGN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An intriguing possibility to partially circumvent extragalactic background light (EBL) absorption in very-high-energy (VHE) observations of blazars is that photons convert into axion-like particles (ALPs) $\\gamma \\to a$ inside or close to a blazar and reconvert into photons $a \\to \\gamma$ in the Milky Way magnetic field. This idea has been put forward in 2008 and has attracted a considerable interest. However, while the probability for the back-conversion $a \\to \\gamma$ has been computed in detail (using the maps of the Galatic magnetic field), regretfully no realistic estimate of the probability for the conversion $\\gamma \\to a$ inside a blazar has been performed, in spite of the fact that the present-day knowledge allows this task to be accomplished in a reliable fashion. We present a detailed calculation that fills this gap, considering both types of blazars, namely BL Lac objects (BL Lacs) and flat spectrum radio quasars (FSRQ) with their specific structural and environmental properties. We also include t...

Tavecchio, F; Roncadelli, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Intranight Optical Variability of Radio-Quiet Weak Emission Line Quasars-III  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is continuation of our programme to search for the elusive radio-quiet BL Lacs, by carrying out a systematic search for intranight optical variability (INOV) in a subset of `weak-line quasars' which are already designated as `high-confidence BL Lac candidate' and are also known to be radio-quiet. For 6 such radio-quiet weak-line quasars (RQWLQs), we present here new INOV observations taken in 11 sessions of duration >3 hours each. Combining these data with our previously published INOV monitoring of RQWLQs in 19 sessions yields INOV observations for a set of 15 RQWLQs monitored in 30 sessions, each lasting more than 3 hours. The 30 differential light curves, thus obtained for the 15 RQWLQs, were subjected to a statistical analysis using the F-test, and the deduced INOV characteristics of the RQWLQs then compared with those published recently for several prominent AGN classes, also applying the F-test. From our existing INOV observations, there is a hint that RQWLQs in our sample show a significantly high...

Kumar, Parveen; Chand, Hum

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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201

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 - 2570 of 28,905 results. 61 - 2570 of 28,905 results. Download CX-002218: Categorical Exclusion Determination St. Landry's Energy Retrofits CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): St. Landry Parish, Louisiana Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-002218-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Wood Products Study CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-002225-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-004630: Categorical Exclusion Determination California- City- Tulare CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11, B5.1

202

Data:0c29091a-772f-4683-a562-84fda2cb762e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a-772f-4683-a562-84fda2cb762e a-772f-4683-a562-84fda2cb762e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Large Power - Industrial Sector: Industrial Description: Availability Available for commercial and industrial services with transformer capacity in excess of 75 KVA and/or peak demand of 75 KW in more than one month a year on a consistent basis. Either Schedule LP or Schedule C may be used where transformer capacity is between 50 and 75 KVA Source or reference: Rate Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability

203

CX-000094: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

094: Categorical Exclusion Determination 094: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000094: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Energy Efficiency and Conservation Strategy CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11 Date: 11/23/2009 Location(s): Wisconsin Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. The proposed action would involve preparing an Energy Efficiency and Conservation Strategy with a detailed blueprint for the tribe's strategy/policy on how and where energy efficiency/conservation can be initiated. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-000094.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-000325: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000324: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000320: Categorical Exclusion Determination

204

Data:E725736b-6499-46e9-ae50-d3aaa31e99ad | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6b-6499-46e9-ae50-d3aaa31e99ad 6b-6499-46e9-ae50-d3aaa31e99ad No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Small Commercial Sector: Commercial Description: Availability Available for all commercial service when the required transformer capacity is 75 KVA or less. Either Schedule C or SChedule LP may be used where transformer capacity is between 50 and 75 KVA Source or reference: Rate Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh):

205

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Michigan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 13, 2010 May 13, 2010 CX-002286: Categorical Exclusion Determination High-Activity Dealloyed Cathode Catalysts CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 05/13/2010 Location(s): Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office May 11, 2010 CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Wood Products Study CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy April 28, 2010 CX-002017: Categorical Exclusion Determination Sault Sainte Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians Energy Efficiency Lighting Retrofits CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 Date: 04/28/2010 Location(s): Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy April 26, 2010

206

Forward Expansion Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forward Expansion Wind Farm Forward Expansion Wind Farm Facility Forward Expansion Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Invenergy Developer Invenergy Energy Purchaser Alliant- Wisconsin Public Service-Madison Gas & Electric- Wisconsin Public Power Location Dodge and Fond du Lac Counties WI Coordinates 43.631519°, -88.556421° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.631519,"lon":-88.556421,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

207

Data:1d28dffd-b158-4dfb-b82a-5fbe3ba29442 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dffd-b158-4dfb-b82a-5fbe3ba29442 dffd-b158-4dfb-b82a-5fbe3ba29442 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Freedom Heating Rate Sector: Residential Description: Available to members taking service concurrently under another rate schedule. This rate is for interruptible service to electric space heating loads. Interruptions to space heating loads can occur anytime during the day for approximately 4 hours. Typical interruptions occur between 4:00 and 10:00 p.m. The member must assume responsibility and provide an alternative non-electric back up heating system.

208

CX-002686: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

686: Categorical Exclusion Determination 686: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002686: Categorical Exclusion Determination Forest County Potawatomi Community- Community Renewable Energy Deployment - Centralized Stone Lake Campus Biomass Heating Plant CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 05/28/2010 Location(s): Forest County, Wisconsin Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office The Forest County Potawatomi Community ("FCPC' or the "Tribe") is deploying a diverse number of "off-the-shelf" renewable energy technologies throughout reservation lands in Forest County, Fond du Lac County and Milwaukee County. A biomass-fueled hot water boiler heating system will be installed at the Stone Lake Government Center. Up to 4 acres will be disturbed on and adjacent to developed areas at the Government Center. Air

209

Data:9849f18d-dea6-43f3-9327-4983e3f57dc2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d-dea6-43f3-9327-4983e3f57dc2 d-dea6-43f3-9327-4983e3f57dc2 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Peak Shave Water Heating Rate Sector: Residential Description: Available to members taking service concurrently under another rate schedule. This rate is for interruptible service to water heating loads. The water heating load will be interrupted no more than eight hours per day. Source or reference: Rate Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh)

210

Siting Wind Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Siting Wind Energy Siting Wind Energy Jump to: navigation, search Wind turbines at the Forward Wind Energy Center in Fond du Lac and Dodge Counties, Wisconsin. Photo from Ruth Baranowski/NREL, NREL 21207 The following resources provide information about siting wind energy projects. Some are specific to a state or region but may still contain information applicable to other areas. Wind project siting tools, such as calculators and databases, can be found here. Resources American Wind Energy Association. (Updated 2011). Siting, Health, and the Environment. Accessed August 13, 2013. This fact sheet provides an overview of siting myths and facts. Environmental Law Institute. Siting Wind Energy Facilities: What Do Local Elected Officials Need to Know?. Accessed November 29, 2013.

211

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Energy Efficiency and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

January 23, 2012 January 23, 2012 CX-007847: Categorical Exclusion Determination Direct Final Rule (DFR) and Accompanying Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) for Amended Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Washers (RIN: 1904-AB90) CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/23/2012 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy January 23, 2012 CX-007840: Categorical Exclusion Determination Minnesota Chippewa Tribe (Mille Lacs Band) CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.1. B5.16, B5.18 Date: 01/23/2012 Location(s): Minnesota Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy January 17, 2012 CX-007526: Categorical Exclusion Determination Kentucky-County-Kenton CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 Date: 01/17/2012 Location(s): Kentucky Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

212

Using Microfinance to Expand Access to Energy Services | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Using Microfinance to Expand Access to Energy Services Using Microfinance to Expand Access to Energy Services Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Using Microfinance to Expand Access to Energy Services Agency/Company /Organization: United States Agency for International Development Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Finance Resource Type: Case studies/examples, Lessons learned/best practices, Publications Website: waterwiki.net/images/6/65/File_Energy_Summary_FINAL.pdf Language: English References: Using Microfinance to Expand Access to Energy Services[1] Logo: Using Microfinance to Expand Access to Energy Services "To carry out this research, SES and the SEEP Network invited MFIs in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) to participate in an

213

Viewshed | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Viewshed Jump to: navigation, search Invenergy is the developer of the 129-MW Forward Wind Energy Center project near Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, that came online in 2008. Photo from Ruth Baranowski, NREL 16410 Unlike urban areas, rural areas can have more pristine visual environments. In some rural communities, wind turbines are perceived as an unwelcome intrusion in the otherwise wide-open skyline. Wind turbines may be controversial in these areas due to their potential impact on neighbors' views. Responses to wind power are highly subjective. Some see wind energy as a symbol of technological advancement and energy independence, while

214

 

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

X - B5.1 Actions to conserve energy X - B5.1 Actions to conserve energy The proposed action would involve assessing individual tribal businesses and entities for possible updates and retrofits for lighting, weatherization, HVAC and appliance/equipment to increase efficiency/ conservation and reduce carbon emissions. These assessments would provide the program with a list of projects within each individual building that would meet the tribe's goals of greenhouse gas emissions reductions. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Energy Efficiency Audits Wisconsin Nov 23, 2009 Mary Martin Print Form for Records Submit via E-mail Billie Newland Digitally signed by Billie Newland DN: cn=Billie Newland, o=Energy Enterprise Solutions,

215

 

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Select the appropriate categorical exclusion(s) from Appendix B to Subpart D of 10 CFR Part 1021 (for Appendix (A) use bottom two pull-down menus) Select the appropriate categorical exclusion(s) from Appendix B to Subpart D of 10 CFR Part 1021 (for Appendix (A) use bottom two pull-down menus) The proposed action would involve preparing an Energy Efficiency Conservation Strategy with a detailed blueprint for the tribe's strategy/policy on how and where energy efficiency/conservation can be initiated. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Energy Efficiency and Conservation Strategy Wisconsin Nov 23, 2009 Mary Martin Print Form for Records Submit via E-mail Billie Newland Digitally signed by Billie Newland DN: cn=Billie Newland, o=Energy Enterprise Solutions, ou, email=Billie.Newland@hq.doe.gov, c=US Date: 2009.11.24 15:14:20 -05'00'

216

Cedar Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cedar Ridge Wind Farm Cedar Ridge Wind Farm Facility Cedar Ridge Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Alliant (Wisconsin Power & Light) Developer Midwest Wind Energy/Alliant (Wisconsin Power & Light) Energy Purchaser Alliant (Wisconsin Power & Light) Location Fond du Lac County WI Coordinates 43.647092°, -88.459146° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.647092,"lon":-88.459146,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

217

CX-000095: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Categorical Exclusion Determination 5: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000095: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Energy Efficiency Audits CX(s) Applied: B5.1, A9 Date: 11/23/2009 Location(s): Wisconsin Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. The proposed action would involve assessing individual tribal businesses and entities for possible updates and retrofits for lighting, weatherization, heating, ventilating, and air conditioning and appliance/equipment to increase efficiency/conservation and reduce carbon emissions. These assessments would provide the program with a list of projects within each individual building that would meet the tribe's goals of greenhouse gas emissions

218

Data:B12a96b8-e5dc-4002-a47e-f82fe67c5828 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b8-e5dc-4002-a47e-f82fe67c5828 b8-e5dc-4002-a47e-f82fe67c5828 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: General Service Sector: Residential Description: Availability Available for all non-commercial service Source or reference: Rate Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

219

Data:83cc5bf0-9cad-46ad-aa40-d468ee13325f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bf0-9cad-46ad-aa40-d468ee13325f bf0-9cad-46ad-aa40-d468ee13325f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Light - 100 watt HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Seasonal/Monthly Demand Charge Structures

220

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Office of Energy Efficiency and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1, 2010 1, 2010 CX-002225: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Wood Products Study CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy May 11, 2010 CX-002223: Categorical Exclusion Determination Androscoggin Installs Economizing and Efficient Cooling Unit in County Building CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B1.4, B5.1 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Androscoggin County, Maine Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy May 11, 2010 CX-002222: Categorical Exclusion Determination Androscoggin Replaces Controls for Boiler Room CX(s) Applied: B2.2, B5.1 Date: 05/11/2010 Location(s): Androscoggin County, Maine Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy May 11, 2010

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lacs magpie hartland" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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221

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 - 1570 of 28,905 results. 61 - 1570 of 28,905 results. Download 2010 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report- Y-12 Site Office Managers perform an annual workforce analysis of their organization and develop staffing plans that identify technical capabilities and positions they need to ensure safe operation of defense nuclear facilities. http://energy.gov/hss/downloads/2010-annual-workforce-analysis-and-staffing-plan-report-y-12-site-office Download CX-000094: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Energy Efficiency and Conservation Strategy CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11 Date: 11/23/2009 Location(s): Wisconsin Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-000094-categorical-exclusion-determination

222

Event:Learning and Leading on LEDS Workshop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Event Event Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Event:Learning and Leading on LEDS Workshop Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Learning and Leading on LEDS Workshop: on 2012/02/27 The LEDS Global Partnership is convening its second annual global workshop to bring together leading practitioners from countries and international institutions to share lessons and strengthen cooperation on low emission development around the world. The workshop will convene peer learning and collaboration sessions on common topics of interest defined by the African Climate&Development Society, Asia LEDS Partnership and the LAC LEDS regional platform. The workshop will be open to participation by officials and experts from government agencies, international institutions, and

223

CX-000096: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: Categorical Exclusion Determination 6: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000096: Categorical Exclusion Determination Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians Energy Efficiency Retrofits CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1, A1 Date: 11/23/2009 Location(s): Wisconsin Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy The Tribe proposes to implement upgrades and retrofits for energy conservation and emissions reductions, based on the findings from its separately proposed Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant funded audit activity. Retrofits and upgrades would be limited to new business/office equipment, lighting fixtures, appliances and heating, ventilating, and air conditioning equipment. Facilities that would be considered for retrofits include: Headstart, Food Distribution Housing

224

IADB/UNDP LEDS Community of Practice | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IADB/UNDP LEDS Community of Practice IADB/UNDP LEDS Community of Practice Jump to: navigation, search Name IADB/UNDP LEDS Community of Practice Agency/Company /Organization Inter-American Development Bank, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area People and Policy Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Policies/deployment programs Website http://finanzascarbono.org/com References LEDS Community of Practice-Carbon Finance Platform[1] "The objective of this Community of Practice is to provide the LAC region with information and facilitate technical discussions about the process of preparing national Low Emission Development Strategies. The workplan for 2012 includes the organization of discussion forums, seminars and webinars on LEDS preparation.

225

Data:25b7f6d5-f073-4c84-96b2-723f754aa8a9 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f6d5-f073-4c84-96b2-723f754aa8a9 f6d5-f073-4c84-96b2-723f754aa8a9 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Off-Peak Energy Rate Sector: Residential Description: Available to members taking service concurrently under another rate schedule. This rate is for interruptible service to electric water and space heating loads. Service under this schedule will be available for approximately eight hours per day, during off peak hours. Systems must be sized for sufficient heat during the on peak period Source or reference: Rate Binder A

226

Distributed Hydrogen Fueling Station Based on GEGR SCPO Technology (Presentation)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bgqrpg`srcbFwbpmeclDscjgleQr_rgml Bgqrpg`srcbFwbpmeclDscjgleQr_rgml @_qcbmlECEPQANMRcaflmjmew UcgUcg*Ic Jgs ECEjm`_jPcqc_paf BMC//-.4-0..5 0 ECEjm`_jPcqc_paf Lmt0..5 QANMPcdmpkcpdmpFwbpmeclNpmbsargml Kmqramqrcddcargtcfwbpmecl npmbsargmlslgr Amkn_ar&3rgkcqqk_jjcp rf_l?AP' Kmbsj_pbcqgeldmpk_qq npmbsargml C_qcmdmulcpqfgn K_glrcl_lacdpcc

227

Needs assessment for fire department services and resources for the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report has been developed in response to a request from the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to evaluate the need for fire department services so as to enable the Laboratory to plan effective fire protection and thereby: meet LANL`s regulatory and contractual obligations; interface with the Department of Energy (DOE) and other agencies on matters relating to fire and emergency services; and ensure appropriate protection of the community and environment. This study is an outgrowth of the 1993 Fire Department Needs Assessment (prepared for DOE) but is developed from the LANL perspective. Input has been received from cognizant and responsible representatives at LANL, DOE, Los Alamos County (LAC) and the Los Alamos Fire Department (LAFD).

NONE

1995-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

Characterization of the Brucella abortus rfb gene locus and the role of O-antigen in the resistance to complement lysis and macrophage defense mechanisms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Virginia, Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, VA. E. coli XL1-Blue MRF'(pBIuescript KSII+) and SOLR(pBluescript SKII-) were purchased from Stratagene. The plasmid pBBR1MCS was kindly provided by Dr. R. M. Roop, II, Louisiana State... lac lF' proAB tacIIZAMI5 Tn10 (Tetr)l siipF44 AlacU169 (a80 tacZAM15) hsdR17 recA1 eiidA1 gyrA96 thi-1 relA1 tt(sbcB-rflt) hsdR4 recA56 srlnTn10 Gibco BRL Stratagene Strata gene Gibco BRL S. Hull (107) Plasmids pSUP2021 pBBR1MCS pHC79 p...

Allen, Chris A

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

229

MOJAVE. X. PARSEC-SCALE JET ORIENTATION VARIATIONS AND SUPERLUMINAL MOTION IN ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI  

SciTech Connect

We describe the parsec-scale kinematics of 200 active galactic nucleus (AGN) jets based on 15 GHz Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) data obtained between 1994 August 31 and 2011 May 1. We present new VLBA 15 GHz images of these and 59 additional AGNs from the MOJAVE and 2 cm Survey programs. Nearly all of the 60 most heavily observed jets show significant changes in their innermost position angle over a 12-16 yr interval, ranging from 10 to 150 on the sky, corresponding to intrinsic variations of ?0.5 to ?2. The BL Lac jets show smaller variations than quasars. Roughly half of the heavily observed jets show systematic position angle trends with time, and 20 show indications of oscillatory behavior. The time spans of the data sets are too short compared to the fitted periods (5-12 yr), however, to reliably establish periodicity. The rapid changes and large jumps in position angle seen in many cases suggest that the superluminal AGN jet features occupy only a portion of the entire jet cross section and may be energized portions of thin instability structures within the jet. We have derived vector proper motions for 887 moving features in 200 jets having at least five VLBA epochs. For 557 well-sampled features, there are sufficient data to additionally study possible accelerations. We find that the moving features are generally non-ballistic, with 70% of the well-sampled features showing either significant accelerations or non-radial motions. Inward motions are rare (2% of all features), are slow (<0.1 mas yr{sup 1}), are more prevalent in BL Lac jets, and are typically found within 1 mas of the unresolved core feature. There is a general trend of increasing apparent speed with distance down the jet for both radio galaxies and BL Lac objects. In most jets, the speeds of the features cluster around a characteristic value, yet there is a considerable dispersion in the distribution. Orientation variations within the jet cannot fully account for the dispersion, implying that the features have a range of Lorentz factor and/or pattern speed. Very slow pattern speed features are rare, comprising only 4% of the sample, and are more prevalent in radio galaxy and BL Lac jets. We confirm a previously reported upper envelope to the distribution of speed versus beamed luminosity for moving jet features. Below 10{sup 26} W Hz{sup 1} there is a fall-off in maximum speed with decreasing 15 GHz radio luminosity. The general shape of the envelope implies that the most intrinsically powerful AGN jets have a wide range of Lorentz factors up to ?40, while intrinsically weak jets are only mildly relativistic.

Lister, M. L.; Richards, J. L. [Department of Physics, Purdue University, 525 Northwestern Avenue, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States); Aller, M. F.; Aller, H. D. [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 817 Dennison Building, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Homan, D. C. [Department of Physics, Denison University, Granville, OH 43023 (United States); Kellermann, K. I. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Kovalev, Y. Y. [Astro Space Center of Lebedev Physical Institute, Profsoyuznaya 84/32, 117997 Moscow (Russian Federation); Pushkarev, A. B.; Ros, E.; Savolainen, T., E-mail: mlister@purdue.edu [Max-Planck-Institut fr Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hgel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

High-Energy Neutrino Production through Photopion Processes in Blazars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The measured spectral energy distribution and variability time scale are used to determine the radiation and magnetic-field energy densities in the relativistic plasma that forms the gamma-ray emitting jet in the blazar 3C 279. Assuming that protons are accelerated as efficiently as electrons to a maximum energy determined by the size and magnetic field of the emitting region, we calculate the emissivity of neutrinos produced by protons that interact with the external radiation field intercepted by the jet. The external radiation field provides the most important target photons for photomeson production of high-energy neutrinos in flat spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs). Because of photomeson interactions with this field, km^2 neutrino telescopes are predicted to detect > 0.1-1 neutrinos per year from blazars such as 3C 279. BL Lac objects are weaker neutrino sources if, as widely thought, their gamma-ray emission is due to Compton-scattered synchrotron (SSC) radiation.

C. D. Dermer; A. Atoyan

2001-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

231

mlw8264.tmp  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

,,...... ,,...... sLAc-PuB--5l93 DE90 OO81OO THE E(2S4 CODE SYSTEM: SOLUTION OF GAMMA-RAY AND ELECTRON TRANSPORT PROBLEMS* W. R. NELSON AND YOSHIHITO NAMITO~ Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 Abstract In this paperwe present an overview of the EGS4 Code System-a general purpose package forthe Monte (larlosimulatio no fthetransport of electrons and photons. During the last 10-15 years EGS has been widely used todesignaccelera- tors and detectors for high-energy physics. More recently the code has been found to be of tremendous use in medical radiation physics and dosimetry. The problem- solving capabilities of EGS4 will be demonstrated by means of a variety of practical examples. To facilitate this review, we will take advantage of a new add-on pack- age, called SHO WGRAF, to display particle trajectories in complicated geometries.

232

Wind Project Permitting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Project Permitting Project Permitting Jump to: navigation, search Invenergy is the developer of the 129-MW Forward Wind Energy Center project near Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, that came online in 2008. Photo by Ruth Baranowski, NREL 16412 As with other energy facility permitting processes, the goal of the wind project permitting process is to reach decisions that are timely, minimize challenges, and ensure compliance with laws and regulations that provide for necessary environmental protection.[1] Resources National Wind Coordinating Committee. (2002). Permitting of Wind Energy Facilities. Accessed August 28, 2013. This handbook is written for individuals and groups involved in evaluating wind projects: decision-makers and agency staff at all levels of government, wind developers, interested parties and the public.

233

Argentina-Support for the Preparation of National Climate Change Strategy |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Argentina-Support for the Preparation of National Climate Change Strategy Argentina-Support for the Preparation of National Climate Change Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Argentina Regional Programme for LAC - Support for the preparation of National Climate Change Strategy Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Focus Area Economic Development Website http://www.undp.org.ar/ Country Argentina South America References UNDP - Latin America & the Caribbean[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Program Overview 2.1 Program Focus 2.2 Environment and Sustainable Development 3 References Overview In Argentina , the UNDP has a program of technical cooperation and financial assistance is part of the country's priorities , promotes and provides substantive and technical management support to over 100 projects

234

Data:E6a9c2ae-893b-48dd-8a52-051a339f459b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ae-893b-48dd-8a52-051a339f459b ae-893b-48dd-8a52-051a339f459b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Large Power Sector: Commercial Description: Availability Available for commercial and industrial services with transformer capacity in excess of 75 KVA and/or peak demand of 75 KW in more than one month a year on a consistent basis. Either Schedule LP or Schedule C may be used where transformer capacity is between 50 and 75 KVA Source or reference: Rate Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW)

235

We Energy Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

We Energy Wind Farm We Energy Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name We Energy Wind Farm Facility We Energy Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Energy Purchaser WE Energies Location South of Fond du Lac WI Coordinates 43.657512°, -88.439004° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.657512,"lon":-88.439004,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

236

Modulation of DNA loop lifetimes by the free energy of loop formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Storage and retrieval of the genetic information in cells is a dynamic process that requires the DNA to undergo dramatic structural rearrangements. DNA looping is a prominent example of such a structural rearrangement that is essential for transcriptional regulation in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, and the speed of such regulations affects the fitness of individuals. Here, we examine the in vitro looping dynamics of the classic Lac repressor gene-regulatory motif. We show that both loop association and loop dissociation at the DNA-repressor junctions depend on the elastic deformation of the DNA and protein, and that both looping and unlooping rates approximately scale with the looping J factor, which reflects the system's deformation free energy. We explain this observation by transition state theory and model the DNA-protein complex as an effective worm-like chain with twist. We introduce a finite protein-DNA binding interaction length, in competition with the characteristic DNA deformation length scale, ...

Chen, Yi-Ju; Mulligan, Peter; Spakowitz, Andrew J; Phillips, Rob

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Characterization of the cis-regulatory region of the Drosophila homeotic gene Sex combs reduced  

SciTech Connect

The Drosophilia homeotic gene Sex combs reduced (Scr) controls the segmental identity of the labial and prothoracic segments in the embryo and adult. It encodes a sequence-specific transcription factor that controls, in concert with other gene products, differentiative pathways of tissues in which Scr is expressed. During embryogenesis, Scr accumulation is observed in a discrete spatiotemporal pattern that includes the labial and prothoracic ectoderm, the subesophageal ganglion of the ventral nerve cord and the visceral mesoderm of the anterior and posterior midgut. Previous analyses have demonstrated that breakpoint mutations located in a 75-kb interval, including the Scr transcription unit and 50 kb of upstream DNA, cause Scr misexpression during development, presumably because these mutations remove Scr cis-regulatory sequences from the proximity of the Scr promoter. To gain a better understanding of the regulatory interactions necessary for the control of Scr transcription during embryogenesis, we have begun a molecular analysis of the Scr regulatory interval. DNA fragments from this 75-kb region were subcloned into P-element vectors containing either an Scr-lacZ or hsp70-lacZ fusion gene, and patterns of reporter gene expression were assayed in transgenic embryos. Several fragments appear to contain Scr regulatory sequences, as they direct reporter gene expression in patterns similar to those normally observed for Scr, whereas other DNA fragments direct Scr reporter gene expression in developmentally interesting but non-Scr-like patterns during embryogenesis. Scr expression in some tissues appears to be controlled by multiple regulatory elements that are separated, in some cases, by more than 20 kb of intervening DNA. This analysis provides an entry point for the study of how Scr transcription is regulated at the molecular level. 60 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

Gindhart, J.G. Jr.; King, N.A.; Kaufman, T.C. [Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Lightning arrestor connector lead magnesium niobate qualification pellet test procedures.  

SciTech Connect

Enhanced knowledge preservation for DOE DP technical component activities has recently received much attention. As part of this recent knowledge preservation effort, improved documentation of the sample preparation and electrical testing procedures for lead magnesium niobate--lead titanate (PMN/PT) qualification pellets was completed. The qualification pellets are fabricated from the same parent powders used to produce PMN/PT lightning arrestor connector (LAC) granules at HWF&T. In our report, the procedures for fired pellet surface preparation, electrode deposition, electrical testing and data recording are described. The dielectric measurements described in our report are an information only test. Technical reasons for selecting the electrode material, electrode size and geometry are presented. The electrical testing is based on measuring the dielectric constant and dissipation factor of the pellet during cooling from 280 C to 220 C. The most important data are the temperature for which the peak dielectric constant occurs (Curie Point temperature) and the peak dielectric constant magnitude. We determined that the peak dielectric constant for our procedure would be that measured at 1 kHz at the Curie Point. Both the peak dielectric constant and the Curie point parameters provide semi-quantitative information concerning the chemical and microstructural homogeneity of the parent material used for the production of PMN/PT granules for LACs. Finally, we have proposed flag limits for the dielectric data for the pellets. Specifically, if the temperature of the peak dielectric constant falls outside the range of 250 C {+-} 30 C we propose that a flag limit be imposed that will initiate communication between production agency and design agency personnel. If the peak dielectric constant measured falls outside the range 25,000 {+-} 10,000 we also propose that a flag limit be imposed.

Tuohig, W. (Honeywell FM& T, Kansas City, MO); Mahoney, Patrick A.; Tuttle, Bruce Andrew; Wheeler, Jill Susanne

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays, Z-Shower and Neutrino Astronomy by Horizontal-Upward Tau Air-Showers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ultra High Cosmic Rays (UHECR) Astronomy may be correlated to a primary parental Neutrino Astronomy: indeed any far BL Lac Jet or GRB, sources of UHECR, located at cosmic edges, may send its signal, overcoming the severe GZK cut-off, by help of UHE ZeV energetic neutrino primary. These UHE neutrino scattering on relic light ones (spread on wide Hot Local Groups Halos) maybe fine-tuned : E_(nu) =(M_Z)^2/m_(nu) = 4 10^(22) eV *((0.1eV)/m_(nu)), to combine at once the observed light neutrino masses and the UHECR spectra, leading to a relativistic Z-Shower in Hot Dark Halos (e few tens Mpc wide) whose final nuclear component traces the UHECR event on Earth. Therefore UHECR (with no longer volme GZK constrains) may point to far BL Lac sources. This Z-Burst (Z-Shower) model calls for large neutrino fluxes. Even if Nature do not follow the present Z-model, UHECR while being cut-off by Big Bang Radiation, must produce a minimal UHE neutrino flux, the GZK neutrino secondaries. For both reasons such UHE Neutrino Astronomy must be tested on Earth. Lowest High Energy Astronomy is searched by AMANDA, ANTARES underground deterctors by muons tracks. We suggest a complementary higher energy Neutrino Tau Astronomy inducing Horizontal and Upward Tau AirShowers. Possible early evidence of such a New Neutrino UPTAUs (Upward Tau Showers at PeVs energies) Astronomy may be in BATSE records of Upward Terrestrial Gamma Flashes. Future signals must be found in detectors as EUSO, seeking Upward-Horizontal events: indeed even minimal, guaranteed, GZK neutrino fluxes may be better observed if EUSO threshold reaches 10^(19) eV by enlarging its telescope size.

D. Fargion

2003-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

240

Communicating Qualitative Risk to a Rural Audience  

SciTech Connect

Although many risk assessment involve complex mathematical models and a thorough understanding, communicating the risk to the general public can present a considerable challenge. Comprehending a 'one-in-a-million' risk some 10 000 years in the future can be a challenge to the average citizen who is surrounded by more imminent dangers and who has, by virtue of their familiarity, become immune to them. A number of years ago, the then Japan Atomic Energy Institute (JAERI) signed a multi-year cooperative agreement with Atomic Energy of Canada, Ltd (AECL) that included a number of self-contained radioisotope diffusion and migration experiments to be performed under in situ geochemical conditions in a specially designed radiochemistry laboratory at a depth of 240 metres in AECL's Underground Research Laboratory (URL) near Lac du Bonnet, Manitoba, Canada. This underground facility has been excavated in a previously undisturbed granite pluton in the Canadian Shield to study various aspects of high-level nuclear waste management. The region has been the home to AECL's Whiteshell Laboratories since the early 1960's and is surrounded by lakes, forests, some agriculture and mining activity. The economy of town, Lac du Bonnet is based on tourism, forestry, mining and agriculture. The relationship between Lac du Bonnet and AECL has generally been good although there have been attempts by a few local citizens, aided by antinuclear activists from Winnipeg, Manitoba's capital, to curtail the operation of the URL. Although the use of radioisotopes was approved by the then-Atomic Energy Control Board, the Canadian regulatory body, maintaining good working relations with the elected officials of the neighbouring communities was essential to the proposed radioisotope migration experiments. One reason for this was that minute quantities of radioisotope solutions needed to be transported over a distance of {approx}25 km between the URL and the Whiteshell Laboratories over public roads. As part of the public affairs program, the author, before his retirement from AECL, presented a comparison between the amounts of radioisotopes used in the migration experiments and those present in commonly used consumer products. This comparison proved to be adequate to gain the trust and support of the neighbouring communities. This trust was maintained by a rigorous communication program between the project manager and representatives of the local communities, environmental and law enforcement agencies. In summary: The need to present an experimental program to non-scientists presented a golden opportunity to relate the qualitative risk of using radioisotopes in a non-traditional environment to that associated with widely used consumer items and medical therapeutic and diagnostic materials. Although the amounts of radioisotopes used in these experiments are orders of magnitude lower than those in the disposal of nuclear wastes, the approach presented here may have merit in bridging the gap between the scientific community and the general public. The success of the approach used became clear when, towards the end of the experimental program, some of the elected officials expressed satisfaction with the extension of the program for new, a five-year, period. (authors)

Vandergraaf, T.T. [Providence College, Otterburne, MB, R0A (Canada)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lacs magpie hartland" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

THE NATURE OF {gamma}-RAY LOUD NARROW-LINE SEYFERT I GALAXIES PKS 1502+036 AND PKS 2004-447  

SciTech Connect

Variable {gamma}-ray emission has been discovered in five radio-loud narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLSy1) galaxies by the Large Area Telescope on board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. This has clearly demonstrated that these NLSy1 galaxies do have relativistic jets similar to two other cases of {gamma}-ray-emitting active galactic nuclei (AGNs), namely, blazars and radio galaxies. We present here our results on the multi-band analysis of two {gamma}-ray-emitting NLSy1 galaxies, namely, PKS 1502+036 (z = 0.409) and PKS 2004-447 (z = 0.240), using archival data. We generate multi-band long-term light curves of these sources, build their spectral energy distribution (SED), and model them using a one-zone leptonic model. They resemble more the SEDs of the flat spectrum radio quasar (FSRQ) class of AGNs. We then compare the SEDs of these two sources with two other Fermi-detected AGNs along the traditional blazar sequence, namely, the BL Lac Mrk 421 (z = 0.03) and the FSRQ 3C 454.3 (z = 0.86). The SEDs of both PKS 1502+036 and PKS 2004-447 are found to be intermediate to the SEDs of Mrk 421 and 3C 454.3. In the {gamma}-ray spectral index versus {gamma}-ray luminosity plane, both these NLSy1 galaxies occupy a distinct position, wherein they have luminosity between Mrk 421 and 3C 454.3; however, their steep {gamma}-ray spectra are similar to 3C 454.3. Their Compton dominance as well as their X-ray spectral slope also lie between Mrk 421 and 3C 454.3. We argue that the physical properties of both PKS 1502+036 and PKS 2004-447 are generally similar to blazars and intermediate between FSRQs and BL Lac objects and these sources thus could fit into the traditional blazar sequence.

Paliya, Vaidehi S.; Stalin, C. S.; Shukla, Amit [Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Block II, Koramangala, Bangalore 560 034 (India); Sahayanathan, S., E-mail: vaidehi@iiap.res.in [Astrophysical Science Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400 085 (India)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Forward Phase I Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forward Phase I Wind Farm Forward Phase I Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Forward Phase I Wind Farm Facility Forward Phase I Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Invenergy Developer Invenergy Energy Purchaser Alliant- Wisconsin Public Service- Madison Gas & Electric-Wisconsin Public Power Location Dodge and Fond du Lac Counties WI Coordinates 43.606819°, -88.534834° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.606819,"lon":-88.534834,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

243

Data:2a21b72e-e137-4bea-af72-99a4a9c4572a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b72e-e137-4bea-af72-99a4a9c4572a b72e-e137-4bea-af72-99a4a9c4572a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Dual Fuel Space Heating Rate Sector: Description: Available to members taking service concurrently under another rate schedule. This rate is for interruptible service to electric space heating loads. Interruption to the space heating load can occur at anytime of day.The cumulative total of interruption can not exceed 400 hours during the heating season.The member must assume responsibility and provide an alternate non-electric automatic thermostatically controlled backup

244

Data:Abd7f871-1cef-4e3a-b902-0938d3a4b37d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Abd7f871-1cef-4e3a-b902-0938d3a4b37d Abd7f871-1cef-4e3a-b902-0938d3a4b37d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Green Power Energy Sector: Description: Availability Available to members taking service concurrently under another rate schedule. This rate is for electricity generated by wind power. Energy charge is a premium of 50 cents per 100 kWh increment in addition to general service rates Source or reference: Rate Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months):

245

Blue Sky Green Field Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Field Wind Farm Green Field Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Blue Sky Green Field Wind Farm Facility Blue Sky Green Field Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner We Energies Developer We Energies Energy Purchaser We Energies Location Fond du Lac County WI Coordinates 43.908549°, -88.305384° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.908549,"lon":-88.305384,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

246

Data:Dc606fa1-3df0-42aa-bc61-e34e68784a4c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

06fa1-3df0-42aa-bc61-e34e68784a4c 06fa1-3df0-42aa-bc61-e34e68784a4c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mille Lacs Energy Cooperative Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Light - 150 watt HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder A Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Seasonal/Monthly Demand Charge Structures

247

MULTIWAVELENGTH OBSERVATIONS AND MODELING OF 1ES 1959+650 IN A LOW FLUX STATE  

SciTech Connect

We report on the VERITAS observations of the high-frequency peaked BL Lac object 1ES 1959+650 in the period 2007-2011. This source is detected at TeV energies by VERITAS at 16.4 standard deviation ({sigma}) significance in 7.6 hr of observation in a low flux state. A multiwavelength spectral energy distribution (SED) is constructed from contemporaneous data from VERITAS, Fermi-LAT, RXTE PCA, and Swift UVOT. Swift XRT data is not included in the SED due to a lack of simultaneous observations with VERITAS. In contrast to the orphan {gamma}-ray flare exhibited by this source in 2002, the X-ray flux of the source is found to vary by an order of magnitude, while other energy regimes exhibit less variable emission. A quasi-equilibrium synchrotron self-Compton model with an additional external radiation field is used to describe three SEDs corresponding to the lowest, highest, and average X-ray states. The variation in the X-ray spectrum is modeled by changing the electron injection spectral index, with minor adjustments of the kinetic luminosity in electrons. This scenario produces small-scale flux variability of the order of {approx}< 2 in the high energy (E > 1 MeV) and very high energy (E > 100 GeV) {gamma}-ray regimes, which is corroborated by the Fermi-LAT, VERITAS, and Whipple 10 m telescope light curves.

Aliu, E.; Errando, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Barnard College, Columbia University, NY 10027 (United States); Archambault, S. [Physics Department, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada); Arlen, T.; Aune, T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Beilicke, M.; Bugaev, V.; Dickherber, R. [Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States); Benbow, W. [Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Amado, AZ 85645 (United States); Bird, R.; Collins-Hughes, E. [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Boettcher, M. [Astrophysical Institute, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Bouvier, A. [Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics and Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Byrum, K. [Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Cesarini, A.; Connolly, M. P. [School of Physics, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway (Ireland); Ciupik, L. [Astronomy Department, Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago, IL 60605 (United States); Cui, W. [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States); Duke, C. [Department of Physics, Grinnell College, Grinnell, IA 50112-1690 (United States); Dumm, J. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); and others

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

248

DISCOVERY OF A NEW TeV GAMMA-RAY SOURCE: VER J0521+211  

SciTech Connect

We report the detection of a new TeV gamma-ray source, VER J0521+211, based on observations made with the VERITAS imaging atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope Array. These observations were motivated by the discovery of a cluster of >30 GeV photons in the first year of Fermi Large Area Telescope observations. VER J0521+211 is relatively bright at TeV energies, with a mean photon flux of (1.93 0.13{sub stat} 0.78{sub sys}) 10{sup 11} cm{sup 2} s{sup 1} above 0.2 TeV during the period of the VERITAS observations. The source is strongly variable on a daily timescale across all wavebands, from optical to TeV, with a peak flux corresponding to ?0.3 times the steady Crab Nebula flux at TeV energies. Follow-up observations in the optical and X-ray bands classify the newly discovered TeV source as a BL Lac-type blazar with uncertain redshift, although recent measurements suggest z = 0.108. VER J0521+211 exhibits all the defining properties of blazars in radio, optical, X-ray, and gamma-ray wavelengths.

Archambault, S. [Physics Department, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada); Arlen, T.; Aune, T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Behera, B.; Federici, S. [DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen (Germany); Beilicke, M.; Buckley, J. H.; Bugaev, V. [Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States); Benbow, W. [Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Amado, AZ 85645 (United States); Bird, R. [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Bouvier, A. [Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics and Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Byrum, K. [Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Cesarini, A.; Connolly, M. P. [School of Physics, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway (Ireland); Ciupik, L. [Astronomy Department, Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago, IL 60605 (United States); Cui, W.; Feng, Q.; Finley, J. P. [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States); Errando, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Barnard College, Columbia University, NY 10027 (United States); Falcone, A., E-mail: fortin@veritas.sao.arizona.edu, E-mail: errando@astro.columbia.edu, E-mail: jholder@physics.udel.edu, E-mail: sfegan@llr.in2p3.fr [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Lab, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Collaboration: VERITAS Collaboration; and others

2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

249

The Origin of the Extragalactic Gamma-Ray Background and Implications for Dark-Matter Annihilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The origin of the extragalactic $\\gamma$-ray background (EGB) has been debated for some time. { The EGB comprises the $\\gamma$-ray emission from resolved and unresolved extragalactic sources, such as blazars, star-forming galaxies and radio galaxies, as well as radiation from truly diffuse processes.} This letter focuses on the blazar source class, the most numerous detected population, and presents an updated luminosity function and spectral energy distribution model consistent with the blazar observations performed by the {\\it Fermi} Large Area Telescope (LAT). We show that blazars account for 50$^{+12}_{-11}$\\,\\% of the EGB photons ($>$0.1\\,GeV), and that {\\it Fermi}-LAT has already resolved $\\sim$70\\,\\% of this contribution. Blazars, and in particular low-luminosity hard-spectrum nearby sources like BL Lacs, are responsible for most of the EGB emission above 100\\,GeV. We find that the extragalactic background light, which attenuates blazars' high-energy emission, is responsible for the high-energy cut-off...

Ajello, M; Sanchez-Conde, M; Zaharijas, G; Gustafsson, M; Cohen-Tanugi, J; Dermer, C D; Inoue, Y; Hartmann, D; Ackermann, M; Bechtol, K; Franckowiak, A; Reimer, A; Romani, R W; Strong, A W

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

The 2012 flare of PG 1553+113 seen with H.E.S.S. and Fermi-LAT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Very high energy (VHE, $E>$100 GeV) $\\gamma$-ray flaring activity of the high-frequency peaked BL Lac object \\pg\\ has been detected by the \\hess\\ telescopes. The flux of the source increased by a factor of 3 during the nights of 2012 April 26 and 27 with respect to the archival measurements with hint of intra-night variability. No counterpart of this event has been detected in the \\fla\\ data. This pattern is consistent with VHE $\\gamma$ ray flaring being caused by the injection of ultrarelativistic particles, emitting $\\gamma$ rays at the highest energies. The dataset offers a unique opportunity to constrain the redshift of this source at \\bestz\\ using a novel method based on Bayesian statistics. The indication of intra-night variability is used to introduce a novel method to probe for a possible Lorentz Invariance Violation (LIV), and to set limits on the energy scale at which Quantum Gravity (QG) effects causing LIV may arise. For the subluminal case, the derived limits are $\\textrm{E}_{\\rm QG,1}>4.10\\times...

Abramowski, A; Benkhali, F Ait; Akhperjanian, A G; Angner, E O; Backes, M; Balenderan, S; Balzer, A; Barnacka, A; Becherini, Y; Tjus, J Becker; Berge, D; Bernhard, S; Bernlhr, K; Birsin, E; Biteau, J; Bttcher, M; Boisson, C; Bolmont, J; Bordas, P; Bregeon, J; Brun, F; Brun, P; Bryan, M; Bulik, T; Carrigan, S; Casanova, S; Chadwick, P M; Chakraborty, N; Chalme-Calvet, R; Chaves, R C G; Chrtien, M; Colafrancesco, S; Cologna, G; Conrad, J; Couturier, C; Cui, Y; Dalton, M; Davids, I D; Degrange, B; Deil, C; deWilt, P; Djannati-Ata, A; Domainko, W; Donath, A; Drury, L O'C; Dubus, G; Dutson, K; Dyks, J; Dyrda, M; Edwards, T; Egberts, K; Eger, P; Espigat, P; Farnier, C; Fegan, S; Feinstein, F; Fernandes, M V; Fernandez, D; Fiasson, A; Fontaine, G; Frster, A; F\\ssling, M; Gabici, S; Gajdus, M; Gallant, Y A; Garrigoux, T; Giavitto, G; Giebels, B; Glicenstein, J F; Gottschall, D; Grondin, M -H; Grudzi?ska, M; Hadsch, D; Hffner, S; Hahn, J; Harris, J; Heinzelmann, G; Henri, G; Hermann, G; Hervet, O; Hillert, A; Hinton, J A; Hofmann, W; Hofverberg, P; Holler, M; Horns, D; Ivascenko, A; Jacholkowska, A; Jahn, C; Jamrozy, M; Janiak, M; Jankowsky, F; Jung, I; Kastendieck, M A; Katarzy?ski, K; Katz, U; Kaufmann, S; Khlifi, B; Kieffer, M; Klepser, S; Klochkov, D; Klu?niak, W; Kolitzus, D; Komin, Nu; Kosack, K; Krakau, S; Krayzel, F; Krger, P P; Laffon, H; Lamanna, G; Lefaucheur, J; Lefranc, V; Lemire, A; Lemoine-Goumard, M; Lenain, J -P; Lohse, T; Lopatin, A; Lu, C -C; Marandon, V; Marcowith, A; Marx, R; Maurin, G; Maxted, N; Mayer, M; McComb, T J L; Mhault, J; Meintjes, P J; Menzler, U; Meyer, M; Mitchell, A M W; Moderski, R; Mohamed, M; Mor, K; Moulin, E; Murach, T; de Naurois, M; Niemiec, J; Nolan, S J; Oakes, L; Odaka, H; Ohm, S; Opitz, B; Ostrowski, M; Oya, I; Panter, M; Parsons, R D; Arribas, M Paz; Pekeur, N W; Pelletier, G; Perez, J; Petrucci, P -O; Peyaud, B; Pita, S; Poon, H; Phlhofer, G; Punch, M; Quirrenbach, A; Raab, S; Reichardt, I; Reimer, A; Reimer, O; Renaud, M; Reyes, R de los; Rieger, F; Rob, L; Romoli, C; Rosier-Lees, S; Rowell, G; Rudak, B; Rulten, C B; Sahakian, V; Salek, D; Sanchez, D A; Santangelo, A; Schlickeiser, R; Schssler, F; Schulz, A; Schwanke, U; Schwarzburg, S; Schwemmer, S; Sol, H; Spanier, F; Spengler, G; Spies, F; Stawarz, ?; Steenkamp, R; Stegmann, C; Stinzing, F; Stycz, K; Sushch, I; Tavernet, J -P; Tavernier, T; Taylor, A M; Terrier, R; Tluczykont, M; Trichard, C; Valerius, K; van Eldik, C; van Soelen, B; Vasileiadis, G; Veh, J; Venter, C; Viana, A; Vincent, P; Vink, J; Vlk, H J; Volpe, F; Vorster, M; Vuillaume, T; Wagner, P; Wagner, R M; Ward, M; Weidinger, M; Weitzel, Q; White, R; Wierzcholska, A; Willmann, P; Wrnlein, A; Wouters, D; Yang, R; Zabalza, V; Zaborov, D; Zacharias, M; Zdziarski, A A; Zech, A; Zechlin, H -S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

SLD Design Report  

SciTech Connect

This Design Report describes the plans for the construction of the second detector for the SLAC Linear Collider to study e/sup +/e/sup -/ collisions at energies of up to 100 GeV in the center-of-mass. Particle tracking and momentum measurement are provided by a vertex detector, a high-precision central drift chamber, and pairs of endcap drift chambers, all in a 1 Tesla magnetic field produced by a superconducting solenoid. Particle identification is provided by CRIDs (Cerenkov Ring Imaging Detectors). Calorimetry is done in two parts; a liquid argon calorimeter (LAC) with uranium and iron radiators is located inside the coil, and the laminated iron of the flux return is instrumented with limited-streamer-mode tubes to complete the hadron calorimetry. The streamer tubes of this warm-iron calorimeter, called the WIC, are instrumented with strip readout to provide muon tracking in addition to calorimetry. The same technology is used on the end structures of the detector and the central region, thus providing uniform response in both regions.

Not Available

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Fast Neutron - Mirror Neutron Oscillation and Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

If there exists the mirror world, a parallel hidden sector of particles with exactly the same microphysics as that of the observable particles, then the primordial nucleosynthesis constraints require that the temperature of the cosmic background of mirror relic photons should be smaller than that of the ordinary relic photons, T'/T neutron - mirror neutron oscillation in vacuum, with an oscillation time $\\tau \\sim 1$ s, much smaller than the neutron lifetime. We show that this could provide a very efficient mechanism for transporting ultra high energy protons at large cosmological distances. The mechanism operates as follows: a super-GZK energy proton scatters a relic photon producing a neutron that oscillates into a mirror neutron which then decays into a mirror proton. The latter undergoes a symmetric process, scattering a mirror relic photon and producing back an ordinary nucleon, but only after traveling a distance $(T/T')^{3}$ times larger than ordinary protons. This may relax or completely remove the GZK-cutoff in the cosmic ray spectrum and also explain the correlation between the observed ultra high energy protons and far distant sources as are the BL Lacs.

Zurab Berezhiani; Luis Bento

2006-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

253

KEPLER OBSERVATIONS OF RAPID OPTICAL VARIABILITY IN THE BL LACERTAE OBJECT W2R1926+42  

SciTech Connect

We present the first Kepler monitoring of a strongly variable BL Lac, W2R1926+42. The light curve covers 181 days with {approx}0.2% errors, 30 minute sampling and >90% duty cycle, showing numerous {delta}I/I > 25% flares over timescales as short as a day. The flux distribution is highly skewed and non-Gaussian. The variability shows a strong rms-flux correlation with the clearest evidence to date for nonlinearity in this relation. We introduce a method to measure periodograms from the discrete autocorrelation function, an approach that may be well-suited to a wide range of Kepler data. The periodogram is not consistent with a simple power-law, but shows a flattening at frequencies below 7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -5} Hz. Simple models of the power spectrum, such as a broken power law, do not produce acceptable fits, indicating that the Kepler blazar light curve requires more sophisticated mathematical and physical descriptions than currently in use.

Edelson, R.; Mushotzky, R. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2421 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2421 (United States); Vaughan, S. [X-ray and Observational Astronomy Group, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom)] [X-ray and Observational Astronomy Group, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Scargle, J. [Astrobiology and Space Science Division, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffet Field, CA 94035 (United States)] [Astrobiology and Space Science Division, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffet Field, CA 94035 (United States); Gandhi, P. [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan)] [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Malkan, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States); Baumgartner, W., E-mail: redelson@astro.umd.edu [Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics, NASA/GSFC, Code 662, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2013-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

254

Ribosome collisions and Translation efficiency: Optimization by codon usage and mRNA destabilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Individual mRNAs are translated by multiple ribosomes that initiate translation with a few seconds interval. The ribosome speed is codon dependant, and ribosome queuing has been suggested to explain specific data for translation of some mRNAs in vivo. By modelling the stochastic translation process as a traffic problem, we here analyze conditions and consequences of collisions and queuing. The model allowed us to determine the on-rate (0.8 to 1.1 initiations per sec) and the time (1 sec) the preceding ribosome occludes initiation for Escherichia coli lacZ mRNA in vivo. We find that ribosome collisions and queues are inevitable consequences of a stochastic translation mechanism that reduce the translation efficiency substantially on natural mRNAs. The cells minimize collisions by having its mRNAs being unstable and by a highly selected codon usage in the start of the mRNA. The cost of mRNA breakdown is offset by the concomitant increase in translational efficiency.

Namiko Mitarai; Kim Sneppen; Steen Pedersen

2008-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

255

The effect of low concentrations of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) in water on biological clogging of sand beds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Infiltration of pretreated surface water with recharge wells is hampered by biological clogging processes in the aquifer. The influence of the concentration of easily assimilable organic carbon (AOC) in water on clogging was investigated in filter beds operated under well-defined laboratory conditions using acetate as a model substrate. Acetate concentrations in the water as low as 0.01 mg C/l promoted clogging with the main head loss, caused by bacterial growth, in the first centimeter of the sand bed. An empirical model was developed describing a linear relationship between the operation period to reach a certain increase in head loss (TPi) and the reciprocal value of the acetate concentration or acetate load [Lac g C/ (m2 d)] at a constant filtration rate. The rate of clogging, designated as the microbiological clogging factor (Cr), is defined by the slope of the linear relationship between the square root of the increase of the head loss (P112) and the operation time. This linear relationship demonstrated that the increase in clogging rate was constant with time. Observations at several locations with experimental recharge wells revealed that the AOC concentration is an important parameter for the biological clogging potential of water. The AOC concentration of water used for infiltration in a recharge well should be less than 0.01 mg acetate-C equiv/l to prevent biological clogging for a period of more than a year.

W.A.M. Hijnen; D. Van der Koou

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

The Fermi blazars' divide based on the diagnostic of the SEDs peak frequencies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have studied the quasi-simultaneous Spectral Energy Distributions (SED) of 48 LBAS blazars, detected within the three months of the LAT Bright AGN Sample (LBAS) data taking period, combining Fermi and Swift data with radio NIR-Optical and hard-X/gamma-ray data. Using these quasi-simultaneous SEDs, sampling both the low and the high energy peak of the blazars broad band emission, we were able to apply a diagnostic tool based on the estimate of the peak frequencies of the synchrotron (S) and Inverse Compton (IC) components. Our analysis shows a Fermi blazars' divide based on the peak frequencies of the SED. The robust result is that the Synchrotron Self Compton (SSC) region divides in two the plane were we plot the peak frequency of the synchrotron SED vs the typical Lorentz factor of the electrons most contributing to the synchrotron emission and to the inverse Compton process. Objects within or below this region, radiating likely via the SSC process, are high-frequency-peaked BL Lac object (HBL), or low/in...

Tramacere, A; Giommi, P; Mazziotta, N; Monte, C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Simultaneous multi-wavelength campaign on PKS 2005-489 in a high state  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The high-frequency peaked BL Lac object PKS 2005-489 was the target of a multi-wavelength campaign with simultaneous observations in the TeV gamma-ray (H.E.S.S.), GeV gamma-ray (Fermi/LAT), X-ray (RXTE, Swift), UV (Swift) and optical (ATOM, Swift) bands. This campaign was carried out during a high flux state in the synchrotron regime. The flux in the optical and X-ray bands reached the level of the historical maxima. The hard GeV spectrum observed with Fermi/LAT connects well to the very high energy (VHE, E>100GeV) spectrum measured with H.E.S.S. with a peak energy between ~5 and 500 GeV. Compared to observations with contemporaneous coverage in the VHE and X-ray bands in 2004, the X-ray flux was ~50 times higher during the 2009 campaign while the TeV gamma-ray flux shows marginal variation over the years. The spectral energy distribution during this multi-wavelength campaign was fit by a one zone synchrotron self-Compton model with a well determined cutoff in X-rays. The parameters of a one zone SSC model ar...

Abramowski, A; Aharonian, F; Akhperjanian, A G; Anton, G; Barnacka, A; de Almeida, U Barres; Bazer-Bachi, A R; Becherini, Y; Becker, J; Behera, B; Bernlhr, K; Bochow, A; Boisson, C; Bolmont, J; Bordas, P; Borrel, V; Brucker, J; Brun, F; Brun, P; Bulik, T; Bsching, I; Casanova, S; Cerruti, M; Chadwick, P M; Charbonnier, A; Chaves, R C G; Cheesebrough, A; Chounet, L -M; Clapson, A C; Coignet, G; Conrad, J; Dalton, M; Daniel, M K; Davids, I D; Degrange, B; Deil, C; Dickinson, H J; Djannati-Ata, A; Domainko, W; Drury, L O'C; Dubois, F; Dubus, G; Dyks, J; Dyrda, M; Egberts, K; Eger, P; Espigat, P; Fallon, L; Farnier, C; Fegan, S; Feinstein, F; Fernandes, M V; Fiasson, A; Fontaine, G; Frster, A; Fling, M; Gabici, S; Gallant, Y A; Gast, H; Grard, L; Gerbig, D; Giebels, B; Glicenstein, J F; Glck, B; Goret, P; Gring, D; Hague, J D; Hampf, D; Hauser, M; Heinz, S; Heinzelmann, G; Henri, G; Hermann, G; Hinton, J A; Hoffmann, A; Hofmann, W; Hofverberg, P; Horns, D; Jacholkowska, A; de Jager, O C; Jahn, C; Jamrozy, M; Jung, I; Kastendieck, M A; Katarzy?ski, K; Katz, U; Kaufmann, S; Keogh, D; Kerschhaggl, M; Khangulyan, D; Khlifi, B; Klochkov, D; Klu?niak, W; Kneiske, T; Komin, Nu; Kosack, K; Kossakowski, R; Laffon, H; Lamanna, G; Lenain, J -P; Lennarz, D; Lohse, T; Lopatin, A; Lu, C -C; Marandon, V; Marcowith, A; Masbou, J; Maurin, D; Maxted, N; McComb, T J L; Medina, M C; Mhault, J; Nguyen, N; Moderski, R; Moulin, E; Naumann-Godo, M; de Naurois, M; Nedbal, D; Nekrassov, D; Nicholas, B; Niemiec, J; Nolan, S J; Ohm, S; Olive, J-F; Wilhelmi, E de Oa; Opitz, B; Ostrowski, M; Panter, M; Arribas, M Paz; Pedaletti, G; Pelletier, G; Petrucci, P -O; Pita, S; Phlhofer, G; Punch, M; Quirrenbach, A; Raue, M; Rayner, S M; Reimer, A; Reimer, O; Renaud, M; Reyes, R de los; Rieger, F; Ripken, J; Rob, L; Rosier-Lees, S; Rowell, G; Rudak, B; Rulten, C B; Ruppel, J; Ryde, F; Sahakian, V; Santangelo, A; Schlickeiser, R; Schck, F M; Schnwald, A; Schwanke, U; Schwarzburg, S; Schwemmer, S; Shalchi, A; Sikora, M; Skilton, J L; Sol, H; Spengler, G; Stawarz, ?; Steenkamp, R; Stegmann, C; Stinzing, F; Sushch, I; Szostek, A; Tam, P H; Tavernet, J -P; Terrier, R; Tibolla, O; Tluczykont, M; Valerius, K; van Eldik, C; Vasileiadis, G; Venter, C; Vialle, J P; Viana, A; Vincent, P; Vivier, M; Vlk, H J; Volpe, F; Vorobiov, S; Vorster, M; Wagner, S J; Ward, M; Wierzcholska, A; Zajczyk, A; Zdziarski, A A; Zech, A; Zechlin, H -S; Abdo, A A; Ackermann, M; Ajello, M; Baldini, L; Ballet, J; Barbiellini, G; Bastieri, D; Bechtol, K; Bellazzini, R; Berenji, B; Blandford, R D; Bonamente, E; Borgland, A W; Bregeon, J; Brez, A; Brigida, M; Bruel, P; Buehler, R; Buson, S; Caliandro, G A; Cameron, R A; Cannon, A; Caraveo, P A; Carrigan, S; Casandjian, J M; Cavazzuti, E; Cecchi, C; elik, ; Chekhtman, A; Cheung, C C; Chiang, J; Ciprini, S; Claus, R; Cohen-Tanugi, J; Cutini, S; Dermer, C D; de Palma, F; Silva, E do Couto e; Drell, P S; Dubois, R; Dumora, D; Escande, L; Favuzzi, C; Ferrara, E C; Focke, W B; Fortin, P; Frailis, M; Fukazawa, Y; Fusco, P; Gargano, F; Gasparrini, D; Gehrels, N; Germani, S; Giglietto, N; Giommi, P; Giordano, F; Giroletti, M; Glanzman, T; Godfrey, G; Grenier, I A; Grove, J E; Guiriec, S; Hadasch, D; Hays, E; Horan, D; Hughes, R E; Jhannesson, G; Johnson, A S; Johnson, W N; Kamae, T; Katagiri, H; Kataoka, J; Kndlseder, J; Kuss, M; Lande, J; Latronico, L; Lee, S -H; Longo, F; Loparco, F; Lott, B; Lovellette, M N; Lubrano, P; Madejski, G M; Makeev, A; Mazziotta, M N; McConville, W; McEnery, J E; Michelson, P F; Mizuno, T; Monte, C; Monzani, M E; Morselli, A; Moskalenko, I V; Murgia, S; Nakamori, T; Nishino, S; Nolan, P L; Norris, J P; Nuss, E; Ohsugi, T; Okumura, A; Omodei, N; Orlando, E; Ormes, J F; Ozaki, M; Paneque, D; Panetta, J H; Parent, D; Pelassa, V; Pepe, M; Pesce-Rollins, M; Piron, F; Porter, T A; Rain, S; Rando, R; Razzano, M; Sadrozinski, H F -W; Sanchez, D; Sander, A; Sgr, C; Siskind, E J; Smith, P D; Spandre, G; Spinelli, P; Strickman, M S; Suson, D J; Takahashi, H; Takahashi, T; Tanaka, T; Thayer, J B; Thayer, J G; Thompson, D J; Tibaldo, L; Torres, D F; Tosti, G; Tramacere, A; Troja, E; Uehara, T; Usher, T L; Vandenbroucke, J; Vianello, G; Vilchez, N; Vitale, V; Waite, A P; Wang, P; Winer, B L; Wood, K S; Yang, Z; Ylinen, T; Ziegler, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

The development of a genetic exchange system for Coxiella burnetii  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A1 endA1 hsdR17 (rK mK+) phoA supE44 hathi-1 gyrA96 relA1 recA200 (ts) dam: Tn9 (tetr camr strr) LE392 recD argA:: Tn10 (tetr) A (mcrA) 183 b, (mcrCB-hsdSMR-mrr) 173 endA1 supE44 thi-1 gyrA96 relA1 lac XL1-Blue MRA (P2 lysogen) LE392 / pBBR1-MCS...4; Ampr, mob LE392 / pDESH50; pBBR1-MCS-4 with recA R60D mutant allele Gibco/BRL D. Ennis D. Ennis Stratagene Stratagene D. Ennis D. Ennis Plasmids pSK+ pGFPuv pANT-3 pSKO(+)1000 pRS2 pRS3 p TAM Ampr Amp, ColE1 ori, fl ori, pUC19...

Stimage, Rachenetta Velthea

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

259

The hard TeV spectrum of 1ES 0229+200: new clues from Swift  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The BL Lac object 1ES 0229+200 (z=0.14) has been detected by HESS during observations taking place in 2005-2006. The TeV spectrum, when corrected for the absorption of gamma-ray photons through the interaction with the extragalactic background light, is extremely hard, even if the most conservative level for the background is considered. The case of 1ES 0229+200 is very similar to that of 1ES 1101-232, for which a possible explanation, in the framework of the standard one-zone synchrotron-self Compton model, is that the high-energy emission is synchrotron-self Compton radiation of electrons distributed as a power law with a large value of the minimum energy. In this scenario the hard TeV spectrum is accompanied by a very hard synchrotron continuum below the soft X-ray band. We will show that recent Swift observations of 1ES 0229+200 in the critical UV-X-ray band strongly support this model, showing the presence of the expected spectral break and hard continuum between the UV and the X-ray bands.

Tavecchio, F; Ghirlanda, G; Franceschini, A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Radio-optical flux behavior and spectral energy distribution of the intermediate blazar GC 0109+224  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

About twenty years of radio observations in five bands (from 4.8 to 37 GHz) of the BL Lac object GC 0109+224 (S2 0109+22, RGB J0112+227), are presented and analysed together with the optical data. Over the past ten years this blazar has exhibited enhanced activity. There is only weak correlation between radio and optical flares delays, usually protracted on longer timescales in the radio with respect to the optical. In some cases no radio flare counterpart was observed for the optical outbursts. The radio variability, characterised by peaks superposition, shows hints of some characteristic timescales (around the 3-4 years), and a fluctuation mode between the flickering and the shot noise. The reconstructed spectral energy distribution, poorly monitored at high energies, is preliminarily parameterised with a synchrotron-self Compton description. The smooth synchrotron continuum, peaked in the near-IR-optical bands, strengthens the hypothesis that this source could be an intermediate blazar. Moreover the intense flux in millimetre bands, and the optical and X-ray brightness, might suggest a possible detectable gamma-ray emission.

Stefano Ciprini; Gino Tosti; Harri Tersranta; Hugh D. Aller

2004-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

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261

Plasmids encoding therapeutic agents  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Plasmids encoding anti-HIV and anti-anthrax therapeutic agents are disclosed. Plasmid pWKK-500 encodes a fusion protein containing DP178 as a targeting moiety, the ricin A chain, an HIV protease cleavable linker, and a truncated ricin B chain. N-terminal extensions of the fusion protein include the maltose binding protein and a Factor Xa protease site. C-terminal extensions include a hydrophobic linker, an L domain motif peptide, a KDEL ER retention signal, another Factor Xa protease site, an out-of-frame buforin II coding sequence, the lacZ.alpha. peptide, and a polyhistidine tag. More than twenty derivatives of plasmid pWKK-500 are described. Plasmids pWKK-700 and pWKK-800 are similar to pWKK-500 wherein the DP178-encoding sequence is substituted by RANTES- and SDF-1-encoding sequences, respectively. Plasmid pWKK-900 is similar to pWKK-500 wherein the HIV protease cleavable linker is substituted by a lethal factor (LF) peptide-cleavable linker.

Keener, William K. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2007-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

262

Statistical analysis of COMPTEL maximum likelihood-ratio distributions: evidence for a signal from previously undetected AGN  

SciTech Connect

The maximum likelihood-ratio method is frequently used in COMPTEL analysis to determine the significance of a point source at a given location. In this paper we do not consider whether the likelihood-ratio at a particular location indicates a detection, but rather whether distributions of likelihood-ratios derived from many locations depart from that expected for source free data. We have constructed distributions of likelihood-ratios by reading values from standard COMPTEL maximum-likelihood ratio maps at positions corresponding to the locations of different categories of AGN. Distributions derived from the locations of Seyfert galaxies are indistinguishable, according to a Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, from those obtained from ''random'' locations, but differ slightly from those obtained from the locations of flat spectrum radio loud quasars, OVVs, and BL Lac objects. This difference is not due to known COMPTEL sources, since regions near these sources are excluded from the analysis. We suggest that it might arise from a number of sources with fluxes below the COMPTEL detection threshold.

Williams, O. R.; Bennett, K.; Much, R. [Astrophysics Division, ESTEC, P.O. Box 299, NL-2200 AG Noordwijk (Netherlands); Schoenfelder, V. [Max-Planck Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, P.O. Box 1603, 85740 Garching (Germany); Blom, J. J. [SRON-Utrecht, Sorbonnelaan 2, NL-3584 CA Utrecht (Netherlands); Ryan, J. [Space Science Center, Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham New Hampshire 03824 (United States)

1997-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

263

Environmental research brief: Pollution prevention assessment for a manufacturer of outboard motors  

SciTech Connect

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has funded a Pilot project to assist small and medium-size manufacture who want to minimize their generation of waste but who lac the expertise to do so. In an effort to assist these manufacturers Waste Minimization Assessment Centers (WMACs) we established at selected universities and procedures were adapted from the EPA Waste Minimization Opportunity Assessment Manual. The WMAC team at the University of Tennessee performed an assessment at a plant that manufactures outboard motors for water craft. Three basic subunits received from other manufacturing plants undergo primarily painting and assembly operations in order to produce the final product. The team`s report, detailing findings and recommendations, indicated that paint overspray waste and spent clean-up solvent are generated in large quantities and that significant cost savings could be achieved by installing robotic paint application equipment. This Research Brief was developed by the principal investigators and EPA`s National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Cincinnati, OH, to announce key findings of an ongoing research project that is fully documented in a separate report of the same title available from University City Science Center.

Jendrucko, R.J.; Coleman, T.N. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Engineering Science and Mechanics; Looby, G.P. [University City Science Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

SIPHORE: Conceptual Study of a High Efficiency Neutral Beam Injector Based on Photo-detachment for Future Fusion Reactors  

SciTech Connect

An innovative high efficiency neutral beam injector concept for future fusion reactors is under investigation (simulation and R and D) between several laboratories in France, the goal being to perform a feasibility study for the neutralization of intense high energy (1 MeV) negative ion (NI) beams by photo-detachment.The objective of the proposed project is to put together the expertise of three leading groups in negative ion quantum physics, high power stabilized lasers and neutral beam injectors to perform studies of a new injector concept called SIPHORE (SIngle gap PHOto-neutralizer energy REcovery injector), based on the photo-detachment of negative ions and energy recovery of unneutralised ions; the main feature of SIPHORE being the relevance for the future Fusion reactors (DEMO), where high injector efficiency (up to 70-80%), technological simplicity and cost reduction are key issues to be addressed.The paper presents the on-going developments and simulations around this project, such as, a new concept of ion source which would fit with this injector topology and which could solve the remaining uniformity issue of the large size ion source, and, finally, the presentation of the R and D program in the laboratories (LAC, ARTEMIS) around the photo-neutralization for Siphore.

Simonin, A.; Christin, L.; Esch, H. de; Garibaldi, P.; Grand, C.; Villecroze, F. [IRFM, CEA Cadarache, IRFM, St. Paul-lez-Durance (France); Blondel, C.; Delsart, C.; Drag, C.; Vandevraye, M. [LAC :Aime-Cotton Laboratory, Univ. Paris-sud, Orsay (France); Brillet, A.; Chaibi, W. [ARTEMIS Laboratory, Cote-d'azur Observatory, Nice (France)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

265

The high-energy $\\gamma$-ray emission of AP Librae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The $\\gamma$-ray spectrum of the low-frequency-peaked BL Lac (LBL) object AP Librae is studied, following the discovery of very-high-energy (VHE; $E>100\\,{\\rm GeV}$) $\\gamma$-ray emission up to the TeV range by the H.E.S.S. experiment. This makes AP Librae one of the few VHE emitters of the LBL type. The measured spectrum yields a flux of $(8.8 \\pm 1.5_{\\rm stat} \\pm 1.8_{\\rm sys}) \\times 10^{-12}\\ {\\rm cm}^{-2} {\\rm s}^{-1}$ above 130 GeV and a spectral index of $\\Gamma = 2.65\\pm0.19_{\\rm stat}\\pm0.20_{\\rm sys}$. This study also makes use of \\textit{Fermi}-LAT, observations in the high energy (HE, E$>$100 MeV) range, providing the longest continuous light curve (5 years) ever published on this source. The source underwent a flaring event between MJD 56306-56376 in the HE range, with a flux increase of a factor 3.5 in the 14-day bin light curve and no significant variation in spectral shape with respect to the low-flux state. While the H.E.S.S., and (low state) \\textit{Fermi}-LAT fluxes are in good agreement ...

,

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Phase resolved X-ray spectroscopy of HDE288766: Probing the wind of an extreme Of+/WNLha star  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HDE228766 is a very massive binary system hosting a secondary component, which is probably in an intermediate evolutionary stage between an Of supergiant and an WN star. The wind of this star collides with the wind of its O8 II companion, leading to relatively strong X-ray emission. Measuring the orbital variations of the line-of-sight absorption toward the X-ray emission from the wind-wind interaction zone yields information on the wind densities of both stars. X-ray spectra have been collected at three key orbital phases to probe the winds of both stars. Optical photometry has been gathered to set constraints on the orbital inclination of the system. The X-ray spectra reveal prominent variations of the intervening column density toward the X-ray emission zone, which are in line with the expectations for a wind-wind collision. We use a toy model to set constraints on the stellar wind parameters by attempting to reproduce the observed variations of the relative fluxes and wind optical depths at 1 keV. The lac...

Rauw, G; Naze, Y; Eenens, P; Manfroid, J; Flores, C A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Insulin and Bacteria  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Insulin and Bacteria Insulin and Bacteria Name: sid Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Can you explain Insulin production in bacteria and its regulation by IPTG. Replies: Information on expression of eukaryotic genes in bacteria can be found in any molecular biology textbook. See for instance 'Recombinant DNA by Watson, Gilman, Witkowski and Zoller, 2nd Ed., chapter 23 where the cloning of insulin is described. The use of an IPTG inducable promoter (the promoter of LacZ is only active when the inductor IPTG is present) is also explained in text books, and even in catalogs of the companies selling the plasmids that are used for such experiments. With a bit of reading you'll become an expert! Dr. Wassenaar I'm not sure what IPTG is. But are you referring to recombinant DNA technology? First a human gene for insulin was isolated and cut out of the human chromosome with restriction enzymes. These are enzymes that cut DNA at very specific spots in the DNA. They are like DNA scissors. Then a small piece of DNA called a plasmid is isolated from a bacteria. The same restriction enzyme is used to cut the plasmid. The insulin gene from the human is inserted into the bacterial DNA and they are sealed together with an enzyme called ligase. The plasmid is reinserted into the bacteria and the bacteria will treat the human insulin gene as its own. When it comes time to make protein it will make the insulin as well. Bacteria reproduce very rapidly and are easily maintained. We can get vats of human insulin by this method.

268

ROXA: a new multi-frequency selected large sample of blazars with SDSS and 2dF optical spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context. Although Blazars are a small fraction of the overall AGN population they are expected to be the dominant population of extragalactic sources in the hard X-ray and gamma-ray bands and have been shown to be the largest contaminant of CMB fluctuation maps. So far the number of known blazars is of the order of several hundreds, but the forthcoming AGILE, GLAST and Planck space observatories will detect several thousand of objects of this type. Aims. In preparation for these missions it is necessary to identify new samples of blazars to study their multi-frequency characteristics and statistical properties. Methods. We compiled a sample of objects with blazar-like properties via a cross-correlation between large radio (NVSS, ATCAPMN) and X- ray surveys (RASS) using the SDSS-DR4 and 2dF survey data to spectroscopically identify our candidates and test the validity of the selection method. Results. We present the Radio - Optical - X-ray catalog built at ASDC (ROXA), a list of 816 objects among which 510 are confirmed blazars. Only 19% of the candidates turned out to be certainly non-blazars demonstrating the high efficiency of our selection method. Conclusions. Our catalog includes 173 new blazar identifications, or about 10% of all presently known blazars. The relatively high flux threshold in the X-ray energy band (given by the RASS survey) preferentially selects objects with high fx / fr ratio leading to the discovery of new High Energy Peaked BL Lac (HBLs). Our catalog therefore includes many new potential targets for GeV-TeV observations.

S. Turriziani; E. Cavazzuti; P. Giommi

2007-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

269

Radiation from relativistic jets in blazars and the efficient dissipation of their bulk energy via photon breeding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-energy photons propagating in the magnetised medium with large velocity gradients can mediate energy and momentum exchange. Conversion of these photons into electron-positron pairs in the field of soft photons with the consequent isotropization and emission of new high-energy photons by Compton scattering can lead to the runaway cascade of the high-energy photons and electron-positron pairs fed by the bulk energy of the flow. This is the essence of the photon breeding mechanism. We study the problem of high-energy emission of relativistic jets in blazars via photon breeding mechanism using 2D ballistic model for the jet with the detailed treatment of particle propagation and interactions. The gamma-ray background of similar energy density as observed at Earth is sufficient to trigger the photon breeding. As a result, a jet can convert up to 80 per cent of its total power into radiation. Photon breeding produces a population of high-energy pairs and predicts the spectra in agreement with observations of blazars (e.g. the blazar sequence). It also decelerates the jet at subparsec scales and induces the transversal gradient of the Lorentz factor which reconcile the discrepancy between the high Doppler factors determined from the spectra of TeV blazars and the low apparent velocities observed at VLBI scales. The broad angular distribution of radiation predicted by the mechanism reconciles the observed statistics and luminosity ratio of FR I and BL Lac objects with the large Lorentz factors of the jets as well as explains the high level of the TeV emission in the radio galaxy M87. (abridged)

Boris E. Stern; Juri Poutanen

2007-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

270

Flux and Photon Spectral Index Distributions of Fermi-LAT Blazars and Contribution to the Extragalactic Gamma-ray Background  

SciTech Connect

We present a determination of the distributions of gamma-ray flux - the so called LogN-LogS relation - and photon spectral index for the 352 blazars detected with a greater than approximately seven sigma detection threshold and located above {+-} 20{sup o} Galactic latitude by the Large Area Telescope of the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope in its first year catalog. Because the flux detection threshold depends on the photon index, the observed raw distributions do not provide the true LogN-LogS counts or the true distribution of the photon index. We use the non-parametric methods developed by Efron and Petrosian to reconstruct the intrinsic distributions from the observed ones which account for the data truncations introduced by observational bias and includes the effects of the possible correlation among the two variables. We demonstrate the robustness of our procedures using a simulated data set of blazars and then apply these to the real data and find that for the population as a whole the intrinsic flux distribution can be represented by a broken power law of slopes -2.37 {+-} 0.13 and -1.70 {+-} 0.26, and the intrinsic photon index distribution can be represented by a Gaussian with mean 2.41 {+-} 0.13 and 1{sigma} width of 0.25 {+-} 0.03. We also find the intrinsic distributions for the sub-populations of BL Lac and FSRQs type blazars separately. We then calculate the contribution of blazars to the diffuse cosmic gamma-ray background radiation to be 28% {+-} 19%.

Singal, J.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC /Stanford U.; Petrosian, V.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept.; Ajello, M.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC /Stanford U.

2011-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

271

IceCube sensitivity for neutrino flux from Fermi blazars in quiescent states  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the IceCube detection potential of very high energy neutrinos from blazars, for different classes of hadronic models, taking into account the limits imposed on the neutrino flux by the recent Fermi telescope observations. Assuming the observed ?-ray emission is produced by the decay of neutral pions from proton-proton interactions, the measurement of the time-averaged spectral characteristics of blazars in the GeV energy band imposes upper limits on the time-averaged neutrino flux. Comparing these upper limits to the 5? discovery threshold of IceCube for different neutrino spectra and different source locations in the sky, we find that several BL Lacs with hard spectra in the GeV band are within the detection potential of IceCube. If the ?-ray emission is dominated by the neutral pion decay flux, none of the flat-spectrum radio quasars are detectable with IceCube. If the primary high energy proton spectrum is very hard and/or neutrinos are produced in proton photon, rather than proton-proton reactions, the upper limit on the neutrino flux imposed by the measured ?-ray spectra is relaxed and gamma-ray observations impose only lower bounds on the neutrino flux. We investigate whether these lower bounds guarantee the detection of blazars with very hard neutrino spectra (spectral index ???1), expected in the latter type model. We show that all the hadronic models of activity of blazars are falsifiable with IceCube. Furthermore, we show that models with ?-ray emission produced by the decay of neutral pions from proton-proton interactions can be readily distinguished from the models based on proton-gamma interactions and/or models predicting very hard high energy proton spectra via a study of the distribution of spectral indices of ?-ray spectra of sources detected with IceCube.

A. Neronov and M. Ribordy

2009-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

272

Modified Thermal-Optical Analysis Using Spectral Absorption Selectivity to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modified Thermal-Optical Analysis Using Spectral Absorption Selectivity to Modified Thermal-Optical Analysis Using Spectral Absorption Selectivity to Distinguish Black Carbon from Pyrolized Organic Carbon Title Modified Thermal-Optical Analysis Using Spectral Absorption Selectivity to Distinguish Black Carbon from Pyrolized Organic Carbon Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2008 Authors Hadley, Odelle L., Craig E. Corrigan, and Thomas W. Kirchstetter Journal Environmental Science and Technology Volume 42 Pagination 8459-8464 Abstract This study presents a method for analyzing the black carbon (BC) mass loading on a quartz fiber filter using a modified thermal-optical analysis method, wherein light transmitted through the sample is measured over a spectral region instead of at a single wavelength. Evolution of the spectral light transmission signal depends on the relative amounts of light-absorbing BC and char, the latter of which forms when organic carbon in the sample pyrolyzes during heating. Absorption selectivities of BC and char are found to be distinct and are used to apportion the amount of light attenuated by each component in the sample. Light attenuation is converted to mass concentration on the basis of derived mass attenuation efficiencies (MAEs) of BC and char. The fractions of attenuation due to each component are scaled by their individual MAE values and added together as the total mass of light absorbing carbon (LAC). An iterative algorithm is used to find the MAE values for both BC and char that provide the best fit to the carbon mass remaining on the filter (derived from direct measurements of thermally evolved CO2) at temperatures higher than 480 degrees C. This method was applied to measure the BC concentration in precipitation samples collected in northern California. The uncertainty in the measured BC concentration of samples that contained a high concentration of organics susceptible to char ranged from 12% to 100%, depending on the mass loading of BC on the filter. The lower detection limit for this method was approximately 0.35 microg of BC, and the uncertainty approached 20% for BC mass loading greater than 1.0 microg of BC.

273

Nickel-Specific Response in the Transcriptional Regulator, 'Escherichia Coli'NikR  

SciTech Connect

Studies of the transcriptional repression of the Ni-specific permease encoded by the Pnik operon by Escherichia coli NikR using a LacZ reporter assay establish that the NikR response is specific to nickel in vivo. Toward understanding this metal ion-specific response, X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) analysis of various M-NikR complexes (M = Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cu(I), and Zn(II)) was used to show that each high-affinity binding site metal adopts a unique structure, with Ni(II) and Cu(II) being the only two metal ions to feature planar four-coordinate complexes. The results are consistent with an allosteric mechanism whereby the geometry and ligand selection of the metal present in the high-affinity site induce a unique conformation in NikR that subsequently influences DNA binding. The influence of the high-affinity metal on protein structure was examined using hydrogen/deuterium (H/D) exchange detected by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS). Each NikR complex gives rise to differing amounts of H/D exchange; Zn(II)- and Co(II)-NikR are most like apo-NikR, while the exchange time course is substantially different for Ni(II) and to a lesser extent for Cu(II). In addition to the high-affinity metal binding site, E. coli NikR has a low-affinity metal-binding site that affects DNA binding affinity. We have characterized this low-affinity site using XAS in heterobimetallic complexes of NikR. When Cu(II) occupies the high-affinity site and Ni(II) occupies the low-affinity site, the Ni K-edge XAS spectra show that the Ni site is composed of six N/O-donors. A similar low-affinity site structure is found for the NikR complex when Co(II) occupies the low-affinity site and Ni(II) occupies the high-affinity site, except that one of the Co(II) ligands is a chloride derived from the buffer.

Leitch, S.; Bradley, M.J.; Rowe, J.L.; Chivers, P.T.; Maroney, M.J.; /Massachusetts U., Amherst /Washington U., St. Louis

2007-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

274

Nickel-Specific Response in the Transcriptional Regulator, Escherichia coli NikR  

SciTech Connect

Studies of the transcriptional repression of the Ni-specific permease encoded by the P{sub nik} operon by Escherichia coli NikR using a LacZ reporter assay establish that the NikR response is specific to nickel in vivo. Toward understanding this metal ion-specific response, X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) analysis of various M-NikR complexes (M = Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cu(I), and Zn(II)) was used to show that each high-affinity binding site metal adopts a unique structure, with Ni(II) and Cu(II) being the only two metal ions to feature planar four-coordinate complexes. The results are consistent with an allosteric mechanism whereby the geometry and ligand selection of the metal present in the high-affinity site induce a unique conformation in NikR that subsequently influences DNA binding. The influence of the high-affinity metal on protein structure was examined using hydrogen/deuterium (H/D) exchange detected by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS). Each NikR complex gives rise to differing amounts of H/D exchange; Zn(II)- and Co(II)-NikR are most like apo-NikR, while the exchange time course is substantially different for Ni(II) and to a lesser extent for Cu(II). In addition to the high-affinity metal binding site, E. coli NikR has a low-affinity metal-binding site that affects DNA binding affinity. We have characterized this low-affinity site using XAS in heterobimetallic complexes of NikR. When Cu(II) occupies the high-affinity site and Ni(II) occupies the low-affinity site, the Ni K-edge XAS spectra show that the Ni site is composed of six N/O-donors. A similar low-affinity site structure is found for the NikR complex when Co(II) occupies the low-affinity site and Ni(II) occupies the high-affinity site, except that one of the Co(II) ligands is a chloride derived from the buffer.

Leitch,S.; Bradley, M.; Rowe, J.; Chivers, P.; Maroney, M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Gene expression profiling reveals novel regulation by bisphenol-A in estrogen receptor-{alpha}-positive human cells  

SciTech Connect

Bisphenol-A (BPA) shows proliferative actions in uterus and mammary glands and may influence the development of male and female reproductive tracts in utero or during early postnatal life. Because of its ability to function as an estrogen receptor (ER) agonist, BPA has the potential to disrupt normal endocrine signaling through regulation of ER target genes. Some genes are regulated by both estradiol (E2) and BPA, but those exclusive to either agent have not been described. Using a yeast strain incorporating a vitellogenin A2 ERE-LacZ reporter gene into the genome, we found that BPA induced expression of the reporter in colonies transformed with the ER{alpha} expression plasmid, illustrating BPA-mediated regulation within a chromatin context. Additionally, a reporter gene transiently transfected into the endometrial cancer (Ishikawa) cell line also showed BPA activity, although at 100-fold less potency than E2. To compare global gene expression in response to BPA and E2, we used a variant of the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line stably expressing HA-tagged ER{alpha}. Cultures were treated for 3 h with an ethanol vehicle, E2 (10{sup -8} M), or BPA (10{sup -6} M), followed by isolation of RNA and microarray analysis with the human U95A probe array (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA, USA). More than 300 genes were changed 2-fold or more by either or both agents, with roughly half being up-regulated and half down-regulated. A number of growth- and development-related genes, such as HOXC1 and C6, Wnt5A, Frizzled, TGF{beta}-2, and STAT inhibitor 2, were found to be affected exclusively by BPA. We used quantitative real-time PCR to verify regulation of the HOXC6 gene, which showed decreased expression of approximately 2.5-fold by BPA. These results reveal novel effects by BPA and E2, raising interesting possibilities regarding the role of endocrine disruptors in sexual development.

Singleton, David W. [Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiology, and Anatomy, Vontz Center for Molecular Studies, University of Cincinnati, 3125 Eden Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0521 (United States); Feng, Yuxin [Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiology, and Anatomy, Vontz Center for Molecular Studies, University of Cincinnati, 3125 Eden Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0521 (United States); Yang, Jun [Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiology, and Anatomy, Vontz Center for Molecular Studies, University of Cincinnati, 3125 Eden Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0521 (United States); Puga, Alvaro [Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Lee, Adrian V. [Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX (United States); Khan, Sohaib A. [Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiology, and Anatomy, Vontz Center for Molecular Studies, University of Cincinnati, 3125 Eden Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0521 (United States)]. E-mail: sohaib.khan@uc.edu

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

276

Physiology and Genetics of Biogenic Methane-Production from Acetate  

SciTech Connect

Biomass conversion catalyzed by methanogenic consortia is a widely available, renewable resource for both energy production and waste treatment. The efficiency of this process is directly dependent upon the interaction of three metabolically distinct groups of microorganisms; the fermentative and acetogenic Bacteria and the methanogenic Archaea. One of the rate limiting steps in the degradation of soluble organic matter is the dismutation of acetate, a predominant intermediate in the process, which accounts for 70 % or more of the methane produced by the methanogens. Acetate utilization is controlled by regulation of expression of carbon monoxide dehydrogensase (COdh), which catalyzes the dismutation of acetate. However, physiological and molecular factors that control differential substrate utilization have not been identified in these Archaea. Our laboratory has identified sequence elements near the promoter of the gene (cdh) encoding for COdh and we have confirmed that these sequences have a role in the in vivo expression of cdh. The current proposal focuses on identifying the regulatory components that interact with DNA and RNA elements, and identifying the mechanisms used to control cdh expression. We will determine whether expression is controlled at the level of transcription or if it is mediated by coordinate interaction of transcription initiation with other processes such as transcription elongation rate and differential mRNA stability. Utilizing recently sequenced methanosarcinal genomes and a DNA microarray currently under development genes that encode regulatory proteins and transcription factors will be identified and function confirmed by gene disruption and subsequent screening on different substrates. Functional interactions will be determined in vivo by assaying the effects of gene dosage and site-directed mutagenesis of the regulatory gene on the expression of a cdhA?::lacZ operon fusion. Results of this study will reveal whether this critical catabolic pathway is controlled by mechanisms similar to those employed by the Bacteria and Eukarya, or by a regulatory paradigm that is unique to the Archaea. The mechanism(s) revealed by this investigation will provide insight into the regulatory strategies employed by the aceticlastic methanogenic Archaea to efficiently direct carbon and electron flow in anaerobic consortia during fermentative processes.

Sowers, Kevin R

2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

277

CLaSPS: A NEW METHODOLOGY FOR KNOWLEDGE EXTRACTION FROM COMPLEX ASTRONOMICAL DATA SETS  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we present the Clustering-Labels-Score Patterns Spotter (CLaSPS), a new methodology for the determination of correlations among astronomical observables in complex data sets, based on the application of distinct unsupervised clustering techniques. The novelty in CLaSPS is the criterion used for the selection of the optimal clusterings, based on a quantitative measure of the degree of correlation between the cluster memberships and the distribution of a set of observables, the labels, not employed for the clustering. CLaSPS has been primarily developed as a tool to tackle the challenging complexity of the multi-wavelength complex and massive astronomical data sets produced by the federation of the data from modern automated astronomical facilities. In this paper, we discuss the applications of CLaSPS to two simple astronomical data sets, both composed of extragalactic sources with photometric observations at different wavelengths from large area surveys. The first data set, CSC+, is composed of optical quasars spectroscopically selected in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey data, observed in the x-rays by Chandra and with multi-wavelength observations in the near-infrared, optical, and ultraviolet spectral intervals. One of the results of the application of CLaSPS to the CSC+ is the re-identification of a well-known correlation between the {alpha}{sub OX} parameter and the near-ultraviolet color, in a subset of CSC+ sources with relatively small values of the near-ultraviolet colors. The other data set consists of a sample of blazars for which photometric observations in the optical, mid-, and near-infrared are available, complemented for a subset of the sources, by Fermi {gamma}-ray data. The main results of the application of CLaSPS to such data sets have been the discovery of a strong correlation between the multi-wavelength color distribution of blazars and their optical spectral classification in BL Lac objects and flat-spectrum radio quasars, and a peculiar pattern followed by blazars in the WISE mid-infrared colors space. This pattern and its physical interpretation have been discussed in detail in other papers by one of the authors.

D'Abrusco, R.; Fabbiano, G.; Laurino, O. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Djorgovski, G.; Donalek, C.; Longo, G. [Department of Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, MC 249-17 1200 East California Blvd, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z