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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

The impacts of graphene nanosheets and manganese valency on lithium storage characteristics in graphene/manganese oxide hybrid anode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Graphene nanosheets (GNS) with attached MnOx nanoparticles are studied in regard to their structure and morphology. The relationship between the lithium storage performances and GNS contents as well as manganese valency was investigated. Experimental ...

S. L. Cheekati; Z. Yao; H. Huang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Valence Technology Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vehicles Product Valence develops and commercialises lithium phosphate rechargeable battery technologies for various uses from consumer electronics to hybrid vehicles....

3

max kwh | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

max kwh max kwh Home Ewilson's picture Submitted by Ewilson(53) Contributor 4 January, 2013 - 08:42 Rates with tier problems max kwh tiers I've detected that the following rates all have the improper number of "Max kWh" values (should be one less than the number of charges, since the highest tier is always "all remaining"). This is likely due to users not understanding the meaning of "Max kWh"--often I see things like: "300, 700, 1000" (derived from "first 300, next 700, greater than 1000") which should be entered as "300, 1000". This is why we need checks on input that prevent users from entering this incorrectly. Here is the list (my script only checked residential rates): Syndicate content 429 Throttled (bot load)

4

kWh | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

kWh kWh Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Source Commercial and Residential Reference Building Models Date Released April 18th, 2013 (9 months ago) Date Updated July 02nd, 2013 (7 months ago) Keywords building building demand building load Commercial data demand Energy Consumption energy data hourly kWh load profiles Residential Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

5

Property:Incentive/PVComFitDolKWh | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:Incentive/PVComFitDolKWh Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Incentive/PVComFitDolKWh Property Type String Description Feed-in tariff for commercial systems. The $ amount per kWh generated such that the incentive is disbursed over time based on metered production. 100% of energy generated is exported; none is used on-site. Ex: TVA Green Power Switch $0.15/kWh; We Energies $0.225/kWh Format: $0.225 [1] References ↑ DSIRE Pages using the property "Incentive/PVComFitDolKWh" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Alliant Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Advanced Renewables Tariff (Wisconsin) + $0.25 + C CPS Energy - Solartricity Producer Program (Texas) + $0.27 +

6

Property:Incentive/PVResFitDolKWh | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:Incentive/PVResFitDolKWh Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Incentive/PVResFitDolKWh Property Type String Description Feed-in Tariff (FIT): The $ amount per kWh generated such that the incentive is disbursed over time based on metered production. 100% of energy generated is exported; none is used on-site. Ex: TVA Green Power Switch $0.15/kWh; We Energies $0.225/kWh Format: $0.225 [1] References ↑ DSIRE Pages using the property "Incentive/PVResFitDolKWh" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Alliant Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Advanced Renewables Tariff (Wisconsin) + $0.25 + C CPS Energy - Solartricity Producer Program (Texas) + $0.27 +

7

Property:Incentive/PVNPFitDolKWh | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:Incentive/PVNPFitDolKWh Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Incentive/PVNPFitDolKWh Property Type String Description Feed-in tariff for non-profit and/or government systems. The $ amount per kWh generated such that the incentive is disbursed over time based on metered production. 100% of energy generated is exported; none is used on-site. Ex: TVA Green Power Switch $0.15/kWh; We Energies $0.225/kWh Format: $0.225 [1] References ↑ DSIRE Pages using the property "Incentive/PVNPFitDolKWh" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Alliant Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Advanced Renewables Tariff (Wisconsin) + $0.25 + C CPS Energy - Solartricity Producer Program (Texas) + $0.27 +

8

Conductive lithium storage electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compound comprising a composition A.sub.x(M'.sub.1-aM''.sub.a).sub.y(XD.sub.4).sub.z, A.sub.x(M'.sub.1-aM''.sub.a).sub.y(DXD.sub.4).sub.z, or A.sub.x(M'.sub.1-aM''.sub.a).sub.y(X.sub.2D.sub.7).sub.z, and have values such that x, plus y(1-a) times a formal valence or valences of M', plus ya times a formal valence or valence of M'', is equal to z times a formal valence of the XD.sub.4, X.sub.2D.sub.7, or DXD.sub.4 group; or a compound comprising a composition (A.sub.1-aM''.sub.a).sub.xM'.sub.y(XD.sub.4).sub.z, (A.sub.1-aM''.sub.a).sub.xM'.sub.y(DXD.sub.4).sub.z (A.sub.1-aM''.sub.a).sub.xM'.sub.y(X.sub.2D.sub.7).sub.z and have values such that (1-a).sub.x plus the quantity ax times the formal valence or valences of M'' plus y times the formal valence or valences of M' is equal to z times the formal valence of the XD.sub.4, X.sub.2D.sub.7 or DXD.sub.4 group. In the compound, A is at least one of an alkali metal and hydrogen, M' is a first-row transition metal, X is at least one of phosphorus, sulfur, arsenic, molybdenum, and tungsten, M'' any of a Group IIA, IIIA, IVA, VA, VIA, VIIA, VIIIA, IB, IIB, IIIB, IVB, VB, and VIB metal, D is at least one of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, or a halogen, 0.0001lithium phosphate that can intercalate lithium or hydrogen. The compound can be used in an electrochemical device including electrodes and storage batteries and can have a gravimetric capacity of at least about 80 mAh/g while being charged/discharged at greater than about C rate of the compound.

Chiang, Yet-Ming (Framingham, MA); Chung, Sung-Yoon (Incheon, KR); Bloking, Jason T. (Mountain View, CA); Andersson, Anna M. (Vasteras, SE)

2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

9

Conductive lithium storage electrode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A compound comprising a composition A.sub.x(M'.sub.1-aM''.sub.a).sub.y(XD.sub.4).sub.z, A.sub.x(M'.sub.1-aM''.sub.a).sub.y(DXD.sub.4).sub.z, or A.sub.x(M'.sub.1-aM''.sub.a).sub.y(X.sub.2D.sub.7).sub.z, and have values such that x, plus y(1-a) times a formal valence or valences of M', plus ya times a formal valence or valence of M'', is equal to z times a formal valence of the XD.sub.4, X.sub.2D.sub.7, or DXD.sub.4 group; or a compound comprising a composition (A.sub.1-aM''.sub.a).sub.xM'.sub.y(XD.sub.4).sub.z, (A.sub.1-aM''.sub.a).sub.xM'.sub.y(DXD.sub.4).sub.z (A.sub.1-aM''.sub.a).sub.xM'.sub.y(X.sub.2D.sub.7).sub.z and have values such that (1-a).sub.x plus the quantity ax times the formal valence or valences of M'' plus y times the formal valence or valences of M' is equal to z times the formal valence of the XD.sub.4, X.sub.2D.sub.7 or DXD.sub.4 group. In the compound, A is at least one of an alkali metal and hydrogen, M' is a first-row transition metal, X is at least one of phosphorus, sulfur, arsenic, molybdenum, and tungsten, M'' any of a Group IIA, IIIA, IVA, VA, VIA, VIIA, VIIIA, IB, IIB, IIIB, IVB, VB, and VIB metal, D is at least one of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, or a halogen, 0.0001lithium phosphate that can intercalate lithium or hydrogen. The compound can be used in an electrochemical device including electrodes and storage batteries and can have a gravimetric capacity of at least about 80 mAh/g while being charged/discharged at greater than about C rate of the compound.

Chiang, Yet-Ming (Framingham, MA); Chung, Sung-Yoon (Incheon, KR); Bloking, Jason T. (Mountain View, CA); Andersson, Anna M. (Vasteras, SE)

2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

10

Conductive lithium storage electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compound comprising a composition A.sub.x(M'.sub.1-aM''.sub.a).sub.y(XD.sub.4).sub.z, A.sub.x(M'.sub.1-aM''.sub.a).sub.y(DXD.sub.4).sub.z, or A.sub.x(M'.sub.1-aM''.sub.a).sub.y(X.sub.2D.sub.7).sub.z, and have values such that x, plus y(1-a) times a formal valence or valences of M', plus ya times a formal valence or valence of M'', is equal to z times a formal valence of the XD.sub.4, X.sub.2D.sub.7, or DXD.sub.4 group; or a compound comprising a composition (A.sub.1-aM''.sub.a).sub.xM'.sub.y(XD.sub.4).sub.z, (A.sub.1-aM''.sub.a).sub.xM'.sub.y(DXD.sub.4).sub.z(A.sub.1-aM''.sub.a).s- ub.xM'.sub.y(X.sub.2D.sub.7).sub.z and have values such that (1-a).sub.x plus the quantity ax times the formal valence or valences of M'' plus y times the formal valence or valences of M' is equal to z times the formal valence of the XD.sub.4, X.sub.2D.sub.7 or DXD.sub.4 group. In the compound, A is at least one of an alkali metal and hydrogen, M' is a first-row transition metal, X is at least one of phosphorus, sulfur, arsenic, molybdenum, and tungsten, M'' any of a Group IIA, IIIA, IVA, VA, VIA, VIIA, VIIIA, IB, IIB, IIIB, IVB, VB, and VIB metal, D is at least one of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, or a halogen, 0.0001lithium phosphate that can intercalate lithium or hydrogen. The compound can be used in an electrochemical device including electrodes and storage batteries and can have a gravimetric capacity of at least about 80 mAh/g while being charged/discharged at greater than about C rate of the compound.

Chiang, Yet-Ming (Framingham, MA); Chung, Sung-Yoon (Seoul, KR); Bloking, Jason T. (Cambridge, MA); Andersson, Anna M. (Uppsala, SE)

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

11

untitled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Testing 8 Baseline Performance Testing Results 9 EnergyCS Prius - UDDS Fuel Use * 9 kWh Valence lithium pack - AC kWh EnergyCS PHEV Prius MPG & kWh - UDDS Testing 0 10 20 30...

12

untitled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Testing 7 Baseline Performance Testing Results 8 EnergyCS Prius - UDDS Fuel Use * 9 kWh Valence lithium pack - AC kWh EnergyCS PHEV Prius MPG & kWh - UDDS Testing 0 10 20 30...

13

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity - PHEV Testing Results and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on cycles 7 Baseline Performance Testing Results 8 EnergyCS Prius - UDDS Fuel Use * 9 kWh Valence lithium pack - AC kWh EnergyCS PHEV Prius MPG & kWh - UDDS Testing 180 9 170...

14

Beyond kWh and kW demand: Understanding the new real-time electric...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beyond kWh and kW demand: Understanding the new real-time electric power measurement system in LBNL Building 90 Speaker(s): Alex McEachern Date: January 14, 2010 - 12:00pm...

15

Cost analysis of 50 kWh zinc--chlorine batteries for mobile applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The costs comprising the projected selling price of a 50-kWh zinc--chlorine battery for mobile applications were analyzed. This analysis is predicated on a battery whose engineering and design specifications are well crystallized. Such a design has been proposed and a process plan conceived. This, in turn, led to a simulated manufacturing plan. This analysis showed that no critical resources or complex manufacturing operations are required. The projected cost presumes a production level of 25,000 batteries per year. In that context, a selling price was estimated, in mid-1977 dollars, to be $1645 per battery or $33/kWh. This price excludes the battery charger, for which an added $400 ($8/kWh) is considered reasonable. 8 figures, 19 tables.

Catherino, H.; Henriksen, G.L.; Whittlesey, C.C.; Warde, C.J.; Carr, P.; Symons, P.C.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Development of 5kWh Flywheel Energy Storage System Using MATLAB/xPC Target  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 5kWh class FESS(Flywheel Energy Storage System) with the operating speed range of 9,000~15,000rpm has been developed. The system consists of a composite flywheel rotor, active magnetic bearings, a motor/generator and its controller. Because Active ... Keywords: FESS, Magnetic bearing, rotor dynamics, Imbalace Response, xPC Target

Cheol Hoon Park; Sang-Kyu Choi; Young Su Son; Young Hee Han

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Total | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Total" SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Total" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 71.4577086539 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 110.926946534 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 72.9096074806 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 66.0248923654 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 54.8654809632 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 65.291976787 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 65.5403331042 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 41.6418235453 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 56.5413268466 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 150.269021739 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 27.5018481341 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 37.9937990385 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 68.8990371973 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 166.794253904 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 71.0813662687 + Sweden Building 05K0016 + 38.5267410327 +

18

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Total | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Total" SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Total" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 221.549575215 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 213.701117318 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 195.801526718 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 174.148148148 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 340.088495575 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 211.255924171 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 144.028151521 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 171.282051282 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 140.296360236 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 300.961098398 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 98.1045751634 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 106.609793929 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 175.776187637 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 291.160427408 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 174.193548387 + Sweden Building 05K0016 + 145.793794187 +

19

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2DstrtHeating | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2DstrtHeating Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. District heating Pages using the property "Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2DstrtHeating" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 111.56331078 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 72.7932960894 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 111.899416255 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 72.865497076 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 285.840707965 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 128.449958182 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 63.8377147588 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 115.128205128 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 66.5515753129 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 148.741418764 +

20

No Slide Title  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

track distance, average & maximum speeds AVTA PHEVs Currently Being Tested * EnergyCS Prius - 9 kWh Valence lithium pack - Completed baseline performance testing - Completed...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2HeatPumps | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2HeatPumps SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2HeatPumps Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Heat pumps Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2HeatPumps" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0016 + 0.0 +

22

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Misc | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Misc SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Misc Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Miscellaneous Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Misc" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 9.09953195331 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 8.78442379242 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 12.9530389597 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 6.03377747253 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 10.9950724049 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 14.2856105095 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 27.8718727739 +

23

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Oil-FiredBoiler | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Oil-FiredBoiler SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Oil-FiredBoiler Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Oil-fired boiler Pages using the property "Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Oil-FiredBoiler" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0016 + 0.0 +

24

Lithium Iron Phosphate Composites for Lithium Batteries  

The materials can be added at low cost without changing current scalable cathode ... Lithium Iron Phosphate Composites for Lithium Batteries ...

25

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2ElctrcHeating | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2ElctrcHeating" SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2ElctrcHeating" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.915704329247 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.745132743363 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 25.8064516129 + Sweden Building 05K0016 + 5.89159465829 + Sweden Building 05K0017 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0018 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0019 + 0.0 +

26

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2ElctrcHeating | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2ElctrcHeating" SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2ElctrcHeating" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.915704329247 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.745132743363 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 25.8064516129 + Sweden Building 05K0016 + 5.89159465829 + Sweden Building 05K0017 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0018 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0019 + 0.0 +

27

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2DstrtColg | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DstrtColg DstrtColg Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. District cooling Pages using the property "Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2DstrtColg" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 38.7648166048 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 44.9720670391 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 11.6524472384 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 35.3996101365 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 24.0451630889 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 18.6296832954 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 15.7692307692 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 17.2637030643 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 5.09803921569 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 15.0675825393 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 21.4822771214 +

28

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2AirCompressors | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AirCompressors AirCompressors Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Air compressors Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2AirCompressors" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 1.33591087145 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 1.86549707602 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 2.04651162791 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 1.92596566524 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.970107495214 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 1.30894886364 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 2.01978262942 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 +

29

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Lighting | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

This is a property of type String. This is a property of type String. Lighting Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Lighting" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 13.6004313481 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 51.2740526316 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 25.3519773429 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 14.5539566929 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 17.1088606195 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 11.7758321884 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 16.0796522459 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 15.7053876478 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 19.44639866 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 37.0625 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 12.9336787565 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 12.985779547 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 21.6361810339 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 29.853732347 +

30

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2LargeKitchens | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LargeKitchens LargeKitchens Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Large kitchens Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2LargeKitchens" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.763086941039 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.409356725146 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 2.13953488372 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.383200490497 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 3.38701556508 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.294507436313 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.177556818182 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0953379731147 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 +

31

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Pcs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pcs Pcs Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. PCs Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Pcs" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 26.0998626444 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 22.2888135593 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 4.12075688073 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 22.9175048733 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 6.03962790698 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 15.790619252 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 5.8172794947 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 4.66333333333 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 8.50154616404 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 8.05491990847 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 2.70028409091 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 2.19353608542 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 8.43270214944 +

32

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Printers | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Printers Printers Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Printers Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Printers" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.928422444931 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 1.42372881356 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.412844036697 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.980506822612 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 1.76744186047 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 1.27988963826 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 1.12158808933 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.765719334413 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 1.01601830664 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.774147727273 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 1.11545428544 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.549891248721 +

33

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2SmallKitchensCoffeeRms |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SmallKitchensCoffeeRms SmallKitchensCoffeeRms Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Small kitchens / coffee rooms Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2SmallKitchensCoffeeRms" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 1.20677966102 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 1.46100917431 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 2.53105456775 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 1.08639747349 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.910666666667 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 2.06390811368 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 3.29519450801 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 1.54234902764 +

34

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Refrigeration | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Refrigeration Refrigeration Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Refrigeration Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Refrigeration" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 2.77390577084 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 37.1080462614 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.895094880057 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 12.4536103016 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 +

35

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2OtherElctrty | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OtherElctrty OtherElctrty Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Other electricity Pages using the property "Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2OtherElctrty" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 70.305743501 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 95.9357541899 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 72.2496632241 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 65.8830409357 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 53.5026548673 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 58.7608028994 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 61.5607534672 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 40.3846153846 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 56.4810818587 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 152.219679634 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 25.5555555556 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 35.8807888323 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 61.3267863536 +

36

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Pumps | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pumps Pumps Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pumps Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Pumps" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 6.37190900733 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 6.03888185355 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 3.38991548528 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 4.33303636174 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 2.75390897598 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 7.77750996655 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 1.66724551261 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 3.32543498168 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 3.08636405861 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 14.8373684211 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 1.47492819795 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 3.32673206926 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 2.63132906976 +

37

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2LargeComputersServers |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LargeComputersServers LargeComputersServers Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Large computers / servers Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2LargeComputersServers" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 2.88701226026 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 3.90838206628 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.697674418605 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 1.18332311465 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 11.4098804421 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.556088941246 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 10.0228832952 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.471022727273 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.774049003718 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 +

38

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Elevators | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Elevators Elevators Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Elevators Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Elevators" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.139664804469 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 5.78356533453 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0116959064327 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.699648105982 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.192307692308 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0661775284132 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.163674492353 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 2.7497571546 +

39

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Fans | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fans Fans Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Fans Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Fans" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 5.21311928139 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 18.5995610535 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 20.3514016294 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 8.08671679198 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 16.0166245259 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 10.358795651 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 8.3953561818 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 9.28527472527 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 12.8398873749 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 20.0966982674 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 6.90408963585 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 8.60719192175 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 16.7539365907 +

40

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Copiers | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Copiers Copiers Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Copiers Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Copiers" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.85593220339 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.447247706422 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.897811865554 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.9 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 7.78032036613 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 1.24104401228 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 2.91414481058 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.41935483871 +

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2ElctrtyTotal | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ElctrtyTotal ElctrtyTotal Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Electricity, total Pages using the property "Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2ElctrtyTotal" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 71.2214478303 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 95.9357541899 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 72.2496632241 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 65.8830409357 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 54.2477876106 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 58.7608028994 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 61.5607534672 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 40.3846153846 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 56.4810818587 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 152.219679634 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 25.5555555556 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 35.8807888323 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 61.3267863536 +

42

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2CirculationFans | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CirculationFans CirculationFans Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Circulation fans Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2CirculationFans" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 13.3422495258 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 2.80646609789 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 8.95823904901 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 5.55016340076 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 6.81308969891 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 2.02541916787 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.625641025641 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 7.59721281624 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.757191316527 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 6.04077487892 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.767224182906 +

43

DOE: T-O-D rates shift kWh and kW  

SciTech Connect

Technical report:In 1975, FEA, in cooperation with state and local utility authorities, initiated a series of field projects that collected electricity usage data under new electric utility rate designs and load management techniques. Individual projects included a wide range of load-management and electricity rate design alternatives, with emphasis on several forms of time-of-day rates. The program is now funded by the U.S. Dept. of Energy. Objectives of the program, kWh usage effects, kw demand effects, and sources of the load changes are discussed. Initial results indicate actual or effective shifts in electricity consumption from peak to off-peak periods, and reductions in diversified demand coincident with system peaks. (10 graphs)

Johnson, C.R.; Mintz, S.

1978-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

44

Cogenerator to quit Con Ed by selling kWh to neighbor  

SciTech Connect

Selling 125 kilowatts of electricity around the clock to a nearby supermarket will make cogeneration feasible for the Flagship Restaurant in White Plains, NY, allowing it to drop off Consolidated Edison's grid and pay for a necessary backup generator, according to John Prayias, the restaurant's owner. The ambitious $536,000 project, which will be financed conventionally with a commercial bank loan, will eliminate the Flagship's $70,000 electricity costs and the $7240 spent of heating and domestic hot water, Prayias said. By selling the power to the supermarket at 9 cents per kilowatt hour - 3 cents less than Con Ed's rate of 12 cents per kWh - the restaurant will collect $120,000 a year in revenues - just about enough to cover the cost of diesel fuel for the 350-kW system and pay for monitoring and maintenance.

Springer, N.

1986-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

45

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2TownGas | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TownGas TownGas Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Town gas Pages using the property "Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2TownGas" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0016 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0017 + 0.0 +

46

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2DigesterLandfillGas | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DigesterLandfillGas DigesterLandfillGas Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Digester / landfill gas Pages using the property "Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2DigesterLandfillGas" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0016 + 0.0 +

47

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Laundry | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Laundry Laundry Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Laundry Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Laundry" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0016 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0017 + 0.0 +

48

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2WoodChips | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WoodChips WoodChips Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Wood chips Pages using the property "Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2WoodChips" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0016 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0017 + 0.0 +

49

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Pellets | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pellets Pellets Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pellets Pages using the property "Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Pellets" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0016 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0017 + 0.0 +

50

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Other | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

This is a property of type String. This is a property of type String. Other Pages using the property "Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Other" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0016 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0017 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0018 + 0.0 +

51

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Logs | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logs Logs Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Logs Pages using the property "Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Logs" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0016 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0017 + 0.0 +

52

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2ElctrcEngineHeaters | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ElctrcEngineHeaters ElctrcEngineHeaters Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Electric engine heaters Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2ElctrcEngineHeaters" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 2.44788473329 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.353408923575 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.835160644485 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 +

53

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2NaturalGas | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NaturalGas NaturalGas Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Natural gas Pages using the property "Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2NaturalGas" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0016 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0017 + 0.0 +

54

Lithium Local Pseudopotential Using  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium Local Pseudopotential Using DFT Sergio Orozco Student Advisor: Chen Huang Faculty Mentor Lithium LPS Test Lithium LPS #12;Density Functional Theory (DFT) Successful quantum mechanical approach (1979) #12;Building LPS for Lithium Create a LPS using NLPS density for Lithium Test LPS by comparing

Petta, Jason

55

Utility Cycle Testing of a 500-kWh Zinc Chloride Battery at the Battery Energy Storage Test (BEST) Facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 500-kWh zinc chloride battery test system completed an entire schedule of 80 simulated utility and customer application cycles--the most diverse and severe known to be successfully performed by any advanced battery system. Encouraged by these results, researchers plan to have a 2-MW demonstration battery system ready for testing in 1986.

1985-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

56

CEMEX: Cement Manufacturer Saves 2.1 Million kWh Annually with a Motor Retrofit Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This DOE Industrial Technologies Program spotlight describes how the CEMEX cement manufacturing plant in Davenport, California, saves 2 million kWh and $168,000 in energy costs annually by replacing 13 worn-out motors with new energy-efficient ones.

Not Available

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Modeling planar 3-valence meshes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In architectural and sculptural practice, the eventual goal is constructing the shapes that have been designed. Due to fabrication considerations, shapes with planar faces are in demand for these practices. In this thesis, a novel computational modeling approach to design constructible shapes is introduced. This method guarantees that the resulting shapes are planar meshes with 3-valence vertices, which can always be physically constructed using planar or developable materials such as glass, sheet metal or plywood. The method introduced is inspired by the traditional sculpture and is based on the idea of carving a mesh by using slicing planes. The process of determining the slicing planes can either be interactive or automated. A framework is developed which allows user to sculpt shapes by using the in- teractive and automated processes. The framework allows user to cut a source mesh based on its edges, faces or vertices. The user can sculpt various kinds of developable surfaces by cutting the parallel edges of the mesh. The user can also introduce in- teresting conical patterns by cutting dierent vertex, edge, face combinations of the mesh.

Gonen, Ozgur

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Beyond kWh and kW demand: Understanding the new real-time electric power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beyond kWh and kW demand: Understanding the new real-time electric power Beyond kWh and kW demand: Understanding the new real-time electric power measurement system in LBNL Building 90 Speaker(s): Alex McEachern Date: January 14, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 In the Summer of 2009, LBNL researchers installed end-use sub-metering equipment and associated Energy Information System (EIS) tools to characterize energy use and comfort in Building 90. Seven of 40 key electric loads were measured using advanced meters that make sophisticated real-time measurements of dozens of power flow parameters, power disturbances, and harmonics. The talk will review some electrical engineering fundamentals, how use and interpret data measured in building 90 in real-time. The real-time data available includes power, volt-amps, VAR's, unbalance voltage and current, voltage and current distortion,

59

Lithium Balance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search Name Lithium Balance Place Copenhagen, Denmark Product Lithium ion battery developer. References Lithium Balance1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No...

60

Electronic Structure of Lithium Battery Materials  

SciTech Connect

Lithium batteries are important as the power source for portable electronic devices and could also be used in hybrid vehicles with improvements in capacity. We have used first principles calculations of electronic structure to determine how charge is redistributed as Li is added or removed. In the final of year of the project we have examined Lix(NiMn)0.5O2 and Lix(NiMnCo)0.333O2 cathode materials in more detail. As lithium is removed electrons are removed from the valence band which is mainly Oxygen 2p states at the top of the band. There is very little change in the charge state of the transition element ions in either case. These results are confirmed by electron energy loss spectroscopy which shows a pre-peak on the oxygen K edge as lithium is removed, but no changes in the transition metal L edges. We have also investigated the LixFePO4 cathode material which is less costly than the LixCoO2 used at present and is also less damaging to the environment. In this case we find that as lithium is removed there is a change in charge state of iron while electrons are removed from oxygen 2p states at the top of the valence band. Again this is confirmed by the pre-peak on the oxygen K edge observed in electron energy loss spectroscopy and by the high resolution multiplet structure observed on the iron L edge which agrees with our calculations.

Dr. Peter Rez

2007-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Lithium Iron Phosphate Composites for Lithium Batteries | Argonne...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lithium Iron Phosphate Composites for Lithium Batteries Technology available for licensing: Inexpensive, electrochemically active phosphate compounds with high functionality for...

62

Molten salt lithium cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Lithium-based cells are promising for applications such as electric vehicles and load-leveling for power plants since lithium is very electropositive and light weight. One type of lithium-based cell utilizes a molten salt electrolyte and is operated in the temperature range of about 400 to 500/sup 0/C. Such high temperature operation accelerates corrosion problems and a substantial amount of energy is lost through heat transfer. The present invention provides an electrochemical cell which may be operated at temperatures between about 100 to 170/sup 0/C. The cell is comprised of an electrolyte, which preferably includes lithium nitrate, and a lithium or lithium alloy electrode.

Raistrick, I.D.; Poris, J.; Huggins, R.A.

1980-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

63

Molten salt lithium cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Lithium-based cells are promising for applications such as electric vehicles and load-leveling for power plants since lithium is very electropositive and light weight. One type of lithium-based cell utilizes a molten salt electrolyte and is operated in the temperature range of about 400.degree.-500.degree. C. Such high temperature operation accelerates corrosion problems and a substantial amount of energy is lost through heat transfer. The present invention provides an electrochemical cell (10) which may be operated at temperatures between about 100.degree.-170.degree. C. Cell (10) comprises an electrolyte (16), which preferably includes lithium nitrate, and a lithium or lithium alloy electrode (12).

Raistrick, Ian D. (Menlo Park, CA); Poris, Jaime (Portola Valley, CA); Huggins, Robert A. (Stanford, CA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Molten salt lithium cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Lithium-based cells are promising for applications such as electric vehicles and load-leveling for power plants since lithium is very electropositive and light weight. One type of lithium-based cell utilizes a molten salt electrolyte and is operated in the temperature range of about 400.degree.-500.degree. C. Such high temperature operation accelerates corrosion problems and a substantial amount of energy is lost through heat transfer. The present invention provides an electrochemical cell (10) which may be operated at temperatures between about 100.degree.-170.degree. C. Cell (10) comprises an electrolyte (16), which preferably includes lithium nitrate, and a lithium or lithium alloy electrode (12).

Raistrick, Ian D. (Menlo Park, CA); Poris, Jaime (Portola Valley, CA); Huggins, Robert A. (Stanford, CA)

1982-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

65

untitled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance Testing 10 FY07 Testing Results 11 FY07 EnergyCS Prius - UDDS Fuel Use * 9 kWh Valence lithium pack - AC kWh EnergyCS PHEV Prius MPG & kWh - UDDS Testing 0 10 20 30...

66

Development of zinc-bromine batteries for utility energy storage. First annual report, 1 September 1978-31 August 1979. [8-kWh submodule  

SciTech Connect

Development work on the Zn/Br battery is reported. A major improvement was the use of a bipolar cell design; this design is superior with respect to cost, performance, and simplicity. A cost and design study for an 80-kWh module resulted in a cost estimate of $54/kWh(1979$) for purchased materials and components, on the basis of 2500 MWh of annual production. A cell submodule (nominal 2 kWh) of full-sized electrodes (1 ft/sup 2/) accrued over 200 continuous cycles in a hands-off, automatic routine with efficiencies in the range of 53 to 56%. Initial testing of a full-sized 8-kWh submodule demonstrated energy efficiencies of 65 to 67%. 23 figures, 10 tables. (RWR)

Putt, R.; Attia, A.J.; Lu, P.Y.; Heyland, J.H.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Method of recycling lithium borate to lithium borohydride through diborane  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides a method for the recycling of lithium borate to lithium borohydride which can be reacted with water to generate hydrogen for utilization as a fuel. The lithium borate by-product of the hydrogen generation reaction is reacted with hydrogen chloride and water to produce boric acid and lithium chloride. The boric acid and lithium chloride are converted to lithium borohydride through a diborane intermediate to complete the recycle scheme.

Filby, Evan E. (Rigby, ID)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2HeatPumpsUsedForColg | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HeatPumpsUsedForColg HeatPumpsUsedForColg Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Heat pumps used for cooling Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2HeatPumpsUsedForColg" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 0.250906049624 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 +

69

Optimization of Lithium Titanate Electrodes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optimization of Lithium Titanate Electrodes Title Optimization of Lithium Titanate Electrodes Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2006 Authors Christensen, John,...

70

Lithium-Based Electrochromic Mirrors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lithium-Based Electrochromic Mirrors Title Lithium-Based Electrochromic Mirrors Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-52870 Year of Publication 2003 Authors...

71

Lithium purification technique  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for purifying liquid lithium to remove unwanted quantities of nitrogen or aluminum. The method involves precipitation of aluminum nitride by adding a reagent to the liquid lithium. The reagent will be either nitrogen or aluminum in a quantity adequate to react with the unwanted quantity of the impurity to form insoluble aluminum nitride. The aluminum nitride can be mechanically separated from the molten liquid lithium.

Keough, R.F.; Meadows, G.E.

1984-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

72

Lithium purification technique  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for purifying liquid lithium to remove unwanted quantities of nitrogen or aluminum. The method involves precipitation of aluminum nitride by adding a reagent to the liquid lithium. The reagent will be either nitrogen or aluminum in a quantity adequate to react with the unwanted quantity of the impurity to form insoluble aluminum nitride. The aluminum nitride can be mechanically separated from the molten liquid lithium.

Keough, Robert F. (Richland, WA); Meadows, George E. (Richland, WA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Lithium Diisopropylamide-Mediated Ortholithiations: Lithium Chloride Catalysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium Diisopropylamide-Mediated Ortholithiations: Lithium Chloride Catalysis Lekha Gupta, 2008 Ortholithiations of a range of arenes mediated by lithium diisopropylamide (LDA) in THF at -78 °C protocols with unpurified commercial samples of n-butyl- lithium to prepare LDA or commercially available

Collum, David B.

74

Lithium Hexamethyldisilazide: A View of Lithium Ion Solvation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium Hexamethyldisilazide: A View of Lithium Ion Solvation through a Glass-Bottom Boat BRETT L and reactivities, we were drawn to lithium hexamethyldisilazide (LiHMDS; (Me3Si)2NLi) by its promi- nence principles of lithium ion coordination chemistry.2 Understanding how solvation influences organolithium

Collum, David B.

75

AN ABUNDANCE OF LITHIUM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Keith Evans, a geologist by profession, first became involved in the lithium business in the early 1970s when, on behalf of Selection Trust Ltd., was asked to evaluate the future potential of Bikita Minerals in what, at that time, was Southern Rhodesia (later Zimbabwe). Selection Trust was the majority owner of the operation which, prior to the imposition of United Nations sanctions, had been the dominant producer of lithium ores for direct usage in the glass and ceramics industry. Subsequently, he joined Lithium Corporation of America, the then leading lithium chemical producer and later moved to Amax Exploration. On behalf of Amax and a Chilean partner he negotiated with Corfo, a Chilean government entity, the rights to evaluate and develop that part of the Salar de Atacama that had not been leased to the Foote Mineral Company. He was responsible for all aspects of the evaluation but when Amax decided not to proceed with the project it was acquired by Sociedad Quimica y Minera (SQM) and the company is now the worlds largest lithium chemicals producer. Throughout his career in the lithium industry it was his responsibility to monitor industry developments particularly in respect of new resources and he has continued as a consultant in a In 1976 a National Research Council Panel estimated that Western World lithium reserves and resources totaled 10.6 million tonnes as elemental lithium. Subsequent discoveries, particularly in brines in the southern Andes and the plateaus of western China and Tibet have increased the tonnages significantly. Geothermal brines and lithium bearing clays add to the total. This current estimate totals 28.4 million tonnes Li equivalent to more than 150.0 million tonnes of lithium carbonate of which nearly 14.0 million tonnes lithium (about 74.0 million tonnes of carbonate) are at active or proposed operations. This can be compared with current demand for lithium chemicals which approximates to 84,000 tonnes as lithium carbonate equivalents (16,000 tonnes Li). Concerns regarding lithium availability for hybrid or electric vehicle batteries or other foreseeable applications are unfounded.

R. Keith Evans

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Cathode material for lithium batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of manufacture an article of a cathode (positive electrode) material for lithium batteries. The cathode material is a lithium molybdenum composite transition metal oxide material and is prepared by mixing in a solid state an intermediate molybdenum composite transition metal oxide and a lithium source. The mixture is thermally treated to obtain the lithium molybdenum composite transition metal oxide cathode material.

Park, Sang-Ho; Amine, Khalil

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

77

Transporting & Shipping Hazardous Materials at LBNL: Lithium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lithium Batteries Lithium batteries are considered hazardous materials when shipped by air. Notify Shipping for any shipments that include lithium batteries. Note: If you need to...

78

Solid Solution Lithium Alloy Cermet Anodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solid Solution Lithium Alloy Cermet Anodes Thomas J.94720 USA Abstract Lithium-magnesium solid solution alloysHeating mixtures of lithium nitride and magnesium provides a

Richardson, Thomas J.; Chen, Guoying

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Lithium Insertion Chemistry of Some Iron Vanadates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in A. Nazri, G.Pistoia (Eds. ), Lithium batteries, Science &structure materials in lithium cells, for a lower limitLithium Insertion Chemistry of Some Iron Vanadates Sbastien

Patoux, Sebastien; Richardson, Thomas J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Block copolymer electrolytes for lithium batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ethylene Carbonate for Lithium Ion Battery Use. Journal oflithium atoms in lithium-ion battery electrolyte. Chemicalcapacity fading of a lithium-ion battery cycled at elevated

Hudson, William Rodgers

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The impact of valence shifters on mining implicit economic opinions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigated the influence of valence shifters on sentiment analysis within a new model built to extract opinions from economic texts. The system relies on implicit convictions that emerge from the studied texts through co-occurrences of economic ... Keywords: diminishers, economic predictions, negations, opinion mining, valence shifters

Claudiu Musat; Stefan Trausan-Matu

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Lithium metal oxide electrodes for lithium batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An uncycled electrode for a non-aqueous lithium electrochemical cell including a lithium metal oxide having the formula Li.sub.(2+2x)/(2+x)M'.sub.2x/(2+x)M.sub.(2-2x)/(2+x)O.sub.2-.delta., in which 0.ltoreq.x<1 and .delta. is less than 0.2, and in which M is a non-lithium metal ion with an average trivalent oxidation state selected from two or more of the first row transition metals or lighter metal elements in the periodic table, and M' is one or more ions with an average tetravalent oxidation state selected from the first and second row transition metal elements and Sn. Methods of preconditioning the electrodes are disclosed as are electrochemical cells and batteries containing the electrodes.

Thackeray, Michael M. (Naperville, IL); Kim, Jeom-Soo (Naperville, IL); Johnson, Christopher S. (Naperville, IL)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Inelastic neutron scattering in valence fluctuation compounds  

SciTech Connect

The valence fluctuation compounds are rare earth intermetallics where hybridization of the nearly-localized 4f electrons with the conduction electrons leads to incorporation of the 4f's into the itinerant states. This hybridization slows down the conduction electrons and hence gives them a heavy effective mass, justifying application of the term 'heavy Fermion' (HF) to these materials. During the project period, we grew large single crystals of several such compounds and measured their properties using both standard thermodynamic probes and state-of-the-art inelastic neutron scattering. We obtained three main results. For the intermediate valence compounds CePd{sub 3} and YbAl{sub 3}, we showed that the scattering of neutrons by the fluctuations of the 4f magnetic moment does not have the momentum dependence expected for the itinerant heavy mass state; rather, the scattering is more typical of a localized spin fluctuation. We believe that incoherent scattering localizes the excitation. For the heavy Fermion compound Ce(Ni{sub 0.935}Pd{sub 0.065}){sub 2}Ge{sub 2}, which sits at a T = 0 critical point for transformation into an antiferromagnetic (AF) phase, we showed that the scattering from the AF fluctuations does not exhibit any of the divergences that are expected at a phase transition. We speculate that alloy disorder profoundly suppresses the growth of the fluctuating AF regions, leading to short range clusters rather than regions of infinite size. Finally, we explored the applicability of key concepts used to describe the behavior of rare earth heavy Fermions to uranium based HF compounds where the 5f electrons are itinerant as opposed to localized. We found that scaling laws relating the spin fluctuation energy measured in neutron scattering to the low temperature specific heat and susceptibility are valid for the uranium compounds, once corrections are made for AF fluctuations; however, the degeneracy of the high temperature moment is smaller than expected for rare-earth-like Hund's rule behavior, essentially because the orbital moment is suppressed for itinerant 5f electrons. We also found that the standard local-moment-based theory of the temperature dependence of the specific heat, susceptibility and neutron scattering fails badly for URu{sub 2}Zn{sub 20} and UCo{sub 2}Zn{sub 20}, even though the theory is phenomenally successful for the closely related rare earth compound YbFe{sub 2}Zn{sub 20}. Both these results highlight the distinction between the itineracy of the 5f's and the localization of the 4f's. It is our hope that these results are sufficiently significant as to stimulate deeper investigation of these compounds.

Jon M Lawrence

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

84

Lithium Ion Accomplishments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lithium ion Battery Commercialization Lithium ion Battery Commercialization Johnson Controls-Saft Advanced Power Solutions, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Johnson Controls-Saft (JCS) will supply lithium-ion batteries to Mercedes for their S Class Hybrid to be introduced in October 2009. Technology developed with DOE support (the VL6P cell) will be used in the S Class battery. In May 2006, the Johnson Controls-Saft Joint Venture was awarded a 24 month $14.4 million contract by the DOE/USABC to develop a 40kW Li ion HEV battery system offering improved safety, low temperature performance, and cost. JCS has reported a 40% cost reduction of the 40kW system being developed in their DOE/USABC contract while maintaining performance. Lithium Ion Battery Material Commercialization Argonne National Laboratory has licensed cathode materials and associated processing

85

Printable lithium batteries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Printable lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) cathodes and porous aerogel / polymer separators have been designed, constructed, and tested. The cathodes consist of LiFePO4, PVDF binder, (more)

Fenton, Kyle

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

APPARATUS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF LITHIUM METAL  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus for the production of high-purity lithium from lithium halides are described. The apparatus is provided for continuously contacting a molten lithium halide with molten barium, thereby forming lithium metal and a barium halide, establishing separate layers of these reaction products and unreacted barium and lithium halide, and continuously withdrawing lithium and barium halide from the reaction zone. (AEC)

Baker, P.S.; Duncan, F.R.; Greene, H.B.

1961-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

87

Scoping studies: behavior and control of lithium and lithium aerosols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The HEDL scoping studies examining the behavior of lithium and lithium aerosols have been conducted to determine and examine potential safety and environmental issues for postulated accident conditions associated with the use of lithium as a fusion reactor blanket and/or coolant. Liquid lithium reactions with air, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and concretes have been characterized. The effectiveness of various powder extinguishing agents and methods of application were determined for lithium-air reactions. The effectiveness of various lithium aerosol collection methods were determined and the volatilization and transport of radioactive metals potentially associated with lithium-air reactions were evaluated. Liquid lithium atmosphere reactions can be safely controlled under postulated accident conditions, but special handling practices must be provided. Lithium-concrete reactions should be avoided because of the potential production of high temperatures, corrosive environment and hydrogen. Carbon microspheres are effective in extinguishing well established lithium-air reactions for the lithium quantities tested (up to 10 kg). Large mass loading of lithium aerosols can be efficiently collected with conventional air cleaning systems. Potentially radioactive species (cobalt, iron and manganese) will be volatilized in a lithium-air reaction in contact with neutron activated stainless steel.

Jeppson, D.W.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Lithium battery management system  

SciTech Connect

Provided is a system for managing a lithium battery system having a plurality of cells. The battery system comprises a variable-resistance element electrically connected to a cell and located proximate a portion of the cell; and a device for determining, utilizing the variable-resistance element, whether the temperature of the cell has exceeded a predetermined threshold. A method of managing the temperature of a lithium battery system is also included.

Dougherty, Thomas J. (Waukesha, WI)

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

89

Hydrogen Outgassing from Lithium Hydride  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lithium hydride is a nuclear material with a great affinity for moisture. As a result of exposure to water vapor during machining, transportation, storage and assembly, a corrosion layer (oxide and/or hydroxide) always forms on the surface of lithium hydride resulting in the release of hydrogen gas. Thermodynamically, lithium hydride, lithium oxide and lithium hydroxide are all stable. However, lithium hydroxides formed near the lithium hydride substrate (interface hydroxide) and near the sample/vacuum interface (surface hydroxide) are much less thermally stable than their bulk counterpart. In a dry environment, the interface/surface hydroxides slowly degenerate over many years/decades at room temperature into lithium oxide, releasing water vapor and ultimately hydrogen gas through reaction of the water vapor with the lithium hydride substrate. This outgassing can potentially cause metal hydriding and/or compatibility issues elsewhere in the device. In this chapter, the morphology and the chemistry of the corrosion layer grown on lithium hydride (and in some cases, its isotopic cousin, lithium deuteride) as a result of exposure to moisture are investigated. The hydrogen outgassing processes associated with the formation and subsequent degeneration of this corrosion layer are described. Experimental techniques to measure the hydrogen outgassing kinetics from lithium hydride and methods employing the measured kinetics to predict hydrogen outgassing as a function of time and temperature are presented. Finally, practical procedures to mitigate the problem of hydrogen outgassing from lithium hydride are discussed.

Dinh, L N; Schildbach, M A; Smith, R A; Balazs1, B; McLean II, W

2006-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

90

Enhancing the Valency Dictionary of Czech Verbs: Tectogrammatical Annotation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A syntactic lexicon of verbs with the subcategorization information is crucial for NLP. Two phases of creating such lexicon are presented. The first phase consists of the automatic preprocessing of source data-particular valency frames are proposed. ...

Hana Skoumalov; Markta Strankov-Lopatkov; Zdenek Zabokrtsk

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Lithium Methyl Carbonate as a Reaction Product of Metallic Lithium and Dimethyl Carbonate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of chemically synthesized lithium methylcarbonate (CH 3 OCOmolecular structures of lithium methyl carbonate (CH 3 OCO 2FTIR study also suggests that lithium methyl carbonate has

Zhuang, Guorong V.; Yang, Hui; Ross Jr., Philip N.; Xu, Kang; Jow, T. Richard

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

LITHIUM LITERATURE REVIEW: LITHIUM'S PROPERTIES AND INTERACTIONS  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

HEDL-TME 78-15 HEDL-TME 78-15 uc-20 LITHIUM LITERATURE REVIEW: LITHIUM'S PROPERTIES AND INTERACTIONS Hanf ord Engineering Development Laboratory -~ - - , . .. . D.W. Jeppson J.L. Ballif W.W. Yuan B.E. Chou - - - . - . - -- r - N O T l C E n ~ h u mpon w prepared as an account of work iponrored by the United States Government. Neither the Unitcd States nor the United Stater Department of Energy. nor any of their employees, nor any of then contractor^, subcontractors. or their employees, maker any warranty, cxprcu or Implied. or anumcs any legal liability or rcrponabllity for the accuracy. cornplctcncs or uvfulnes of any information. apparatus, product or p r o a s ditclorcd. or rcpments that its u s would not infringe pnvatcly owned nghts. April 1978 HANFORD ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT LABORATORY

93

It's Elemental - The Element Lithium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(Helium) The Periodic Table of Elements Next Element (Beryllium) Beryllium The Element Lithium Click for Isotope Data 3 Li Lithium 6.941 Atomic Number: 3 Atomic Weight: 6.941...

94

Phostech Lithium | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Phostech Lithium Jump to: navigation, search Name Phostech Lithium Place St-Bruno-de-Montarville, Quebec, Canada Zip J3V 6B7 Sector Hydro Product String representation "Exclusive...

95

Phenomenological theory of a single domain wall in uniaxial trigonal ferroelectrics: Lithium niobate and lithium tantalate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phenomenological theory of a single domain wall in uniaxial trigonal ferroelectrics: Lithium niobate and lithium tantalate David A. Scrymgeour and Venkatraman Gopalan Department of Materials Science, lithium niobate and lithium tantalate. The contributions to the domain- wall energy from polarization

Gopalan, Venkatraman

96

Synthesis and Electrochemical Performance of a Lithium Titanium Phosphate Anode for Aqueous Lithium-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthesis and Electrochemical Performance of a Lithium Titanium Phosphate Anode for Aqueous Lithium** Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA Lithium cells that use organic electrolytes. The equilibrium reaction potential of lithium titanium phosphate

Cui, Yi

97

Lithium K(1s) synchrotron NEXAFS spectra of lithium-ion battery...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lithium K(1s) synchrotron NEXAFS spectra of lithium-ion battery cathode, anode and electrolyte materials Title Lithium K(1s) synchrotron NEXAFS spectra of lithium-ion battery...

98

The Role of Ate Complexes in the Lithium-Sulfur, Lithium-Selenium and Lithium-Tellurium Exchange Reactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Role of Ate Complexes in the Lithium-Sulfur, Lithium-Selenium and Lithium-Tellurium Exchange/Se exchange was substantially faster than exchange of the lithium reagents with the ate complex. Therefore, these ate complexes are not on the actual Li/Se exchange pathway. Introduction. ± The lithium

Reich, Hans J.

99

Design and cost study of nickel--zinc batteries for electric vehicle. Final report. [24 kWh battery of 48 325-Ah cells, 35 Wh/lb  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A battery module configuration consisting of four 325-Ah cells was selected. Twelve such modules would make up a 24-kWh battery. The key design parameter is operation current density. An energy density of 2.1 Wh/in./sup 3/ and 35 Wh/lb was obtained. A flow diagram was drawn for the manufacturing process. An eight-month period would be required to set up a pilot plant. The material requirements for 100,000 batteries per year would not have a significant impact on current U.S. consumption. 29 figures, 28 tables (RWR)

Klein, M; Dube, D

1976-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Princeton Plasma Physics Lab - Lithium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lithium Nearly everybody knows about lithium Nearly everybody knows about lithium - a light, silvery alkali metal - used in rechargeable batteries powering everything from laptops to hybrid cars. What may not be so well known is the fact that researchers hoping to harness the energy released in fusion reactions also have used lithium to coat the walls of donut-shaped tokamak reactors. Lithium, it turns out, may help the plasmas fueling fusion reactions to retain heat for longer periods of time. This could improve the chances of producing useful energy from fusion. en COLLOQUIUM: The Lithium Tokamak eXperiment (LTX) http://www.pppl.gov/events/colloquium-lithium-tokamak-experiment-ltx

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Micro-and nanoscale domain engineering in lithium niobate and lithium tantalate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Micro- and nanoscale domain engineering in lithium niobate and lithium tantalate Vladimir Ya. Shur investigation of the domain evolution in lithium niobate and lithium tantalate during backswitched electric sources based on quasi-phase matching.11 Lithium niobate LiNbO3 (LN) and lithium tantalate LiTaO3 (LT

Byer, Robert L.

102

Lithium disulfide battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a negative electrode-limited secondary electrochemical cell having dense FeS/sub 2/ positive electrode operating exclusively on the upper plateau, a Li alloy negative electrode and a suitable lithium-containing electrolyte. The electrolyte preferably is 25 mole % LiCl, 38 mole % LiBr and 37 mole % KBr. The cell may be operated isothermally.

Kaun, T.D.

1986-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

103

Lithium ion conducting electrolytes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid, predominantly lithium-conducting, ionic electrolyte having exceptionally high conductivity at temperatures of 100.degree. C. or lower, including room temperature, and comprising the lithium salts selected from the group consisting of the thiocyanate, iodide, bromide, chloride, perchlorate, acetate, tetrafluoroborate, perfluoromethane sulfonate, perfluoromethane sulfonamide, tetrahaloaluminate, and heptahaloaluminate salts of lithium, with or without a magnesium-salt selected from the group consisting of the perchlorate and acetate salts of magnesium. Certain of the latter embodiments may also contain molecular additives from the group of acetonitrile (CH.sub.3 CN) succinnonitrile (CH.sub.2 CN).sub.2, and tetraglyme (CH.sub.3 --O--CH.sub.2 --CH.sub.2 --O--).sub.2 (or like solvents) solvated to a Mg.sup.+2 cation to lower the freezing point of the electrolyte below room temperature. Other particularly useful embodiments contain up to about 40, but preferably not more than about 25, mol percent of a long chain polyether polymer dissolved in the lithium salts to provide an elastic or rubbery solid electrolyte of high ambient temperature conductivity and exceptional 100.degree. C. conductivity. Another embodiment contains up to about but not more than 10 mol percent of a molecular solvent such as acetone.

Angell, C. Austen (Tempe, AZ); Liu, Changle (Tempe, AZ)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Lithium disulfide battery  

SciTech Connect

A negative electrode limited secondary electrochemical cell having dense FeS.sub.2 positive electrode operating exclusively on the upper plateau, a Li alloy negative electrode and a suitable lithium-containing electrolyte. The electrolyte preferably is 25 mole percent LiCl, 38 mole percent LiBr and 37 mole percent KBr. The cell may be operated isothermally.

Kaun, Thomas D. (New Lenox, IL)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Correlation of conductivity and angle integrated valence band photoemission  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Correlation of conductivity and angle integrated valence band photoemission Correlation of conductivity and angle integrated valence band photoemission characteristics in single crystal iron perovskites for 300 K < T < 800 K: Comparison of surface and bulk sensitive methods Title Correlation of conductivity and angle integrated valence band photoemission characteristics in single crystal iron perovskites for 300 K < T < 800 K: Comparison of surface and bulk sensitive methods Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2010 Authors Braun, Artur, Bongjin S. Mun, Yun Sun, Z. Liu, Oliver Gröning, R. Mäder, Selma Erat, Xueyuan Zhang, Samuel S. Mao, Ekaterina Pomjakushina, Kazimierz Conder, and Thomas Graule Journal Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena Volume 181 Issue 1 Pagination 56-62 Date Published 07/2013

106

Bond-valence methods for pKa prediction. II. Bond-valence, electrostatic, molecular geometry, and solvation effects  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In a previous contribution, we outlined a method for predicting (hydr)oxy-acid and oxide surface acidity constants based on three main factors: bond valence, Me?O bond ionicity, and molecular shape. Here electrostatics calculations and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations are used to qualitatively show that Me?O bond ionicity controls the extent to which the electrostatic work of proton removal departs from ideality, bond valence controls the extent of solvation of individual functional groups, and bond valence and molecular shape controls local dielectric response. These results are consistent with our model of acidity, but completely at odds with other methods of predicting acidity constants for use in multisite complexation models. In particular, our ab initio molecular dynamics simulations of solvated monomers clearly indicate that hydrogen bonding between (hydr)oxo-groups and water molecules adjusts to obey the valence sum rule, rather than maintaining a fixed valence based on the coordination of the oxygen atom as predicted by the standard MUSIC model.

Bickmore, Barry R.; Rosso, Kevin M.; Tadanier, Christopher J.; Bylaska, Eric J.; Doud, Darrin

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

107

LITHIUM LENS (I)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Technical/Engineering aspects of Lithium Lens (LL) considered. LL dimensions and parameters adopted for undulator based positron source for International Linear Collider. Sealing technique for windows represented in this publication also. This publication is a part of preparation work for numerical modeling of LL. OVERVIEW Usage of Lithium Lens (LL) for positron collection was suggested years ago [1]-[4]. Lithium lens with solid Lithium is in exploitation for decades now. Usage of LL for antiproton collection is also a well developed topic [5]-[11]. Naturally, usage of LL for positron collection in a scheme with undulator [13], developed in Novosibirsk, included LL from the very beginning [14]-[15]. From the other hand usage of LL for positron collection still not a widely accepted idea, so Novosibirsk lens remains the only one in operation. In resent times we applied some efforts to implement LL into ILC positron source [16]-[21]. Development of positron source for ILC as it is now in baseline design described in [22]. Latest results on practical test undulator-based positron source demonstrated positron polarization ~ 80 % and electron polarization ~90% respectively obtained with Tungsten target [23]. Also interesting looks a possibility for implementation of LL for muon collider [24]-[25]. System with Liquid Lithium is under consideration for Fusion Materials Irradiation studies [26]. Current publication is the first one in series dedicated to demonstration of benefits from potential usage of LL in International Linear Collider. Support for this investigation obtained from ILC GDE Regional Directorship of America.

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Side Reactions in Lithium-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model for Aging of Lithium-Ion Battery Cells. Journal of TheSalts Formed on the Lithium-Ion Battery Negative Electrodeion batteries In a lithium ion battery, positively charged

Tang, Maureen Han-Mei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Advances in lithium-ion batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

current reviews of the lithium ion battery literature byof view of the lithium ion battery scientist and engineer,lithium ion batteries. The chapter on aging summarizes the effects of the chemistry on the battery

Kerr, John B.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Design and Simulation of Lithium Rechargeable Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The LiNiOiCarbon Lithium-Ion Battery," S. S. lonics, 69,238-the mid-1980's, the lithium-ion battery based on a carboncommercialization of the lithium-ion battery, several other

Doyle, C.M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

UNDERSTANDING DEGRADATION AND LITHIUM DIFFUSION IN LITHIUM ION BATTERY ELECTRODES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Lithium-ion batteries with higher capacity and longer cycle life than that available today are required as secondary energy sources for a wide range of emerging (more)

Li, Juchuan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

"Radiative Liquid Lithium (metal) Divertor" Inventor..-- Masayuki...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

"Radiative Liquid Lithium (metal) Divertor" Inventor..-- Masayuki Ono The invention utilizes liquid lithium as a radiative material. The radiative process greatly reduces the...

113

Improving the Performance of Lithium Manganese Phosphate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improving the Performance of Lithium Manganese Phosphate Title Improving the Performance of Lithium Manganese Phosphate Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2009...

114

American Lithium Energy Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

San Marcos, California Zip 92069 Product California-based developer of lithium ion battery technology. References American Lithium Energy Corp1 LinkedIn Connections...

115

Block copolymer electrolytes for lithium batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the energy equation, battery capacity, is defined as theperformance and capacity fading of a lithium-ion batteryof large-capacity lithium- ion battery systems. With new

Hudson, William Rodgers

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Specificity, flexibility and valence of DNA bonds guide emulsion architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The specificity and thermal reversibility of DNA interactions have enabled the self-assembly of crystal structures, self-replicating materials and colloidal molecules. Grafting DNA onto liquid interfaces of emulsions leads to exciting new architectural possibilities due to the mobility of the DNA ligands and the patches they form between bound droplets. Here we show that the size and number of these adhesion patches (valency) can be controlled. Valence 2 leads to flexible polymers of emulsion droplets, while valence above 4 leads to rigid droplet networks. A simple thermodynamic model quantitatively describes the increase in the patch size with droplet radii, DNA concentration and the stiffness of the tether to the sticky-end. The patches are formed between droplets with complementary DNA strands or alternatively with complementary colloidal nanoparticles to mediate DNA binding between droplets. This emulsion system opens the route to directed self-assembly of more complex structures through distinct DNA bonds with varying strengths and controlled valence and flexibility.

Lang Feng; Lea-Laetitia Pontani; Remi Dreyfus; Paul Chaikin; Jasna Brujic

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

117

Lithium-Ion Battery Issues  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lithium-Ion Battery Issues IEA Workshop on Battery Recycling Hoboken, Belgium September 26-27, 2011 Linda Gaines Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory...

118

Lithium Diffusion in Graphitic Carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Volume 1 Start Page 1176 Issue 8 Pagination 1176-1180 Keywords anode, diffusion, graphene, lithium ion battery, transport Abstract Graphitic carbon is currently considered the...

119

Lithium Rechargeable Batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In order to obviate the deficiencies of currently used electrolytes in lithium rechargeable batteries, there is a compelling need for the development of solvent-free, highly conducting solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs). The problem will be addressed by synthesizing a new class of block copolymers and plasticizers, which will be used in the formulation of highly conducting electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries. The main objective of this Phase-I effort is to determine the efficacy and commercial prospects of new specifically designed SPEs for use in electric and hybrid electric vehicle (EV/HEV) batteries. This goal will be achieved by preparing the SPEs on a small scale with thorough analyses of their physical, chemical, thermal, mechanical and electrochemical properties. SPEs will play a key role in the formulation of next generation lithium-ion batteries and will have a major impact on the future development of EVs/HEVs and a broad range of consumer products, e.g., computers, camcorders, cell phones, cameras, and power tools.

Robert Filler, Zhong Shi and Braja Mandal

2004-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

120

Composition dependence of lithium diffusivity in lithium niobate at high temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Composition dependence of lithium diffusivity in lithium niobate at high temperature D. H. Jundt on the diffusivity of lithium in lithium niobate at 1100 "C in the crystallographic z direction over the composition range from 48.38 to 49.85 mol % L&O. A vapor transport technique was applied to produce a lithium

Fejer, Martin M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Solid lithium-ion electrolyte  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to the composition of a solid lithium-ion electrolyte based on the Li.sub.2 O--CeO.sub.2 --SiO.sub.2 system having good transparent characteristics and high ion conductivity suitable for uses in lithium batteries, electrochromic devices and other electrochemical applications.

Zhang, Ji-Guang (Golden, CO); Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Solid lithium-ion electrolyte  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to the composition of a solid lithium-ion electrolyte based on the Li{sub 2}O--CeO{sub 2}--SiO{sub 2} system having good transparent characteristics and high ion conductivity suitable for uses in lithium batteries, electrochromic devices and other electrochemical applications. 12 figs.

Zhang, J.G.; Benson, D.K.; Tracy, C.E.

1998-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

123

Reference design of 100 MW-h lithium/iron sulfide battery system for utility load leveling  

SciTech Connect

The first year in a two-year cooperative effort between Argonne National Laboratory and Rockwell International to develop a conceptual design of a lithium alloy/iron sulfide battery for utility load leveling is presented. A conceptual design was developed for a 100 MW-h battery system based upon a parallel-series arrangement of 2.5 kW-h capacity cells. The sales price of such a battery system was estimated to be very high, $80.25/kW-h, exclusive of the cost of the individual cells, the dc-to-ac converters, site preparation, or land acquisition costs. Consequently, the second year's efforts were directed towards developing modified designs with significantly lower potential costs.

Zivi, S.M.; Kacinskas, H.; Pollack, I.; Chilenskas, A.A.; Barney, D.L.; Grieve, W.; McFarland, B.L.; Sudar, S.; Goldstein, E.; Adler, E.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

ELLIPSOMETRY OF SURFACE LAYERS ON LEAD AND LITHIUM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface Layers on Lead and Lithium By Richard Dudley Peterssulfuric acid and and lithium to water, Acid concentrationsbeen observed in the reaction of lithium with water vapor. i

Peters, Richard Dudley

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Quark-Hadron Duality and Nucleon Valence Structure \  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A newly-obtained data sample of inclusive electron-nucleon scattering from deuterium and hydrogen targets at Jefferson Lab has been analyzed for precision tests of quark-hadron duality. In all cases, duality appears to be a non-trivial dynamic property of the nucleon structure function. Assuming duality, the proton magnetic form factor is extracted from the inelastic data alone, and found to be in good agreement with the world's data. Higher twist contributions are found to be small on average, even down to Q^2 ~ 0 5 GeV^2.The investigation yields a scaling curve from duality arguments which resembles deep-inelastic neutrino-nucleus scattering data, indicating a potential sensitivity to valence and valence-like structure.

Keppel, Cynthia

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Lithium niobate explosion monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Monitoring explosive devices is accomplished with a substantially z-cut lithium niobate crystal in abutment with the explosive device. Upon impact by a shock wave from detonation of the explosive device, the crystal emits a current pulse prior to destruction of the crystal. The current pulse is detected by a current viewing transformer and recorded as a function of time in nanoseconds. In order to self-check the crystal, the crystal has a chromium film resistor deposited thereon which may be heated by a current pulse prior to detonation. This generates a charge which is detected by a charge amplifier.

Bundy, Charles H. (Clearwater, FL); Graham, Robert A. (Los Lunas, NM); Kuehn, Stephen F. (Albuquerque, NM); Precit, Richard R. (Albuquerque, NM); Rogers, Michael S. (Albuquerque, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Lithium electric dipole polarizability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electric dipole polarizability of the lithium atom in the ground state is calculated including relativistic and quantum electrodynamics corrections. The obtained result {alpha}{sub E}=164.0740(5) a.u. is in good agreement with the less accurate experimental value of 164.19(1.08) a.u. The small uncertainty of about 3 parts per 10{sup 6} comes from the approximate treatment of quantum electrodynamics corrections. Our theoretical result can be considered as a benchmark for more general atomic structure methods and may serve as a reference value for the relative measurement of polarizabilities of the other alkali-metal atoms.

Puchalski, M.; KePdziera, D.; Pachucki, K. [Faculty of Chemistry, Adam Mickiewicz University, Grunwaldzka 6, PL-60-780 Poznan (Poland); Faculty of Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Gagarina 7, PL-87-100 Torun (Poland); Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, Hoza 69, PL-00-681 Warsaw (Poland)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Method of recycling lithium borate to lithium borohydride through methyl borate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides a method for the recycling of lithium borate to lithium borohydride which can be reacted with water to generate hydrogen for utilization as a fuel. The lithium borate by-product of the hydrogen generation reaction is reacted with hydrogen chloride and water to produce boric acid and lithium chloride. The boric acid and lithium chloride are converted to lithium borohydride through a methyl borate intermediate to complete the recycle scheme.

Filby, Evan E. (Rigby, ID)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Conflicting Roles Of Nickel In Controlling Cathode Performance In Lithium-ion Batteries  

SciTech Connect

A variety of approaches are being made to enhance the performance of lithium ion batteries. Incorporating multi-valence transition metal ions into metal oxide cathodes has been identified as an essential approach to achieve the necessary high voltage and high capacity. However, the fundamental mechanism that limits their power rate and cycling stability remains unclear. The power rate strongly depends on the lithium ion drift speed in the cathode. Crystallographically, these transition metal-based cathodes frequently have a layered structure. In the classic wisdom, it is accepted that lithium ion travels swiftly within the layers moving out/in of the cathode during the charge/discharge. Here, we report the unexpected discovery of a thermodynamically driven, yet kinetically controlled, surface modification in the widely explored lithium nickel manganese oxide cathode material, which may inhibit the battery charge/discharge rate. We found that during cathode synthesis and processing before electrochemical cycling in the cell nickel can preferentially move along the fast diffusion channels and selectively segregate at the surface facets terminated with a mix of anions and cations. This segregation essentially blocks the otherwise fast out/in pathways for lithium ions during the charge/discharge. Therefore, it appears that the transition metal dopant may help to provide high capacity and/or high voltage, but can be located in a wrong location that blocks or slows lithium diffusion, limiting battery performance. In this circumstance, limitations in the properties of Li-ion batteries using these cathode materials can be determined more by the materials synthesis issues than by the operation within the battery itself.

Gu, Meng; Belharouak, Ilias; Genc, Arda; Wang, Zhiguo; Wang, Dapeng; Amine, Khalil; Gao, Fei; Zhou, Guangwen; Thevuthasan, Suntharampillai; Baer, Donald R.; Zhang, Jiguang; Browning, Nigel D.; Liu, Jun; Wang, Chong M.

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

130

Lithium ion conducting ionic electrolytes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid, predominantly lithium-conducting, ionic electrolyte is described which has exceptionally high conductivity at temperatures of 100.degree. C. or lower, including room temperature. It comprises molten lithium salts or salt mixtures in which a small amount of an anionic polymer lithium salt is dissolved to stabilize the liquid against recrystallization. Further, a liquid ionic electrolyte which has been rubberized by addition of an extra proportion of anionic polymer, and which has good chemical and electrochemical stability, is described. This presents an attractive alternative to conventional salt-in-polymer electrolytes which are not cationic conductors.

Angell, C. Austen (Mesa, AZ); Xu, Kang (Tempe, AZ); Liu, Changle (Tulsa, OK)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

A Lithium Superionic Sulfide Cathode for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries  

SciTech Connect

This work presents a facile synthesis approach for core-shell structured Li2S nanoparticles, which have Li2S as the core and Li3PS4 as the shell. This material functions as lithium superionic sulfide (LSS) cathode for long-lasting, energy-efficient lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. The LSS has an ionic conductivity of 10-7 S cm-1 at 25 oC, which is 6 orders of magnitude higher than that of bulk Li2S (~10-13 S cm-1). The high lithium-ion conductivity of LSS imparts an excellent cycling performance to all-solid Li-S batteries, which also promises safe cycling of high-energy batteries with metallic lithium anodes.

Lin, Zhan [ORNL; Liu, Zengcai [ORNL; Dudney, Nancy J [ORNL; Liang, Chengdu [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Cyanoethylated Compounds as Additives in Lithium/Lithium Ion Batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The power loss of lithium/lithium ion battery cells is significantly reduced, especially at low temperatures, when about 1% by weight of an additive is incorporated in the electrolyte layer of the cells. The usable additives are organic solvent soluble cyanoethylated polysaccharides and poly(vinyl alcohol). The power loss decrease results primarily from the decrease in the charge transfer resistance at the interface between the electrolyte and the cathode.

Nagasubramanian, Ganesan

1998-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

133

Cyanoethylated compounds as additives in lithium/lithium batteries  

SciTech Connect

The power loss of lithium/lithium ion battery cells is significantly reduced, especially at low temperatures, when about 1% by weight of an additive is incorporated in the electrolyte layer of the cells. The usable additives are organic solvent soluble cyanoethylated polysaccharides and poly(vinyl alcohol). The power loss decrease results primarily from the decrease in the charge transfer resistance at the interface between the electrolyte and the cathode.

Nagasubramanian, Ganesan (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Generally Contracted Valence-Core/Valence Basis Sets for Use with Relativistic Effective Core Potentials and Spin-Orbit Coupling Operators  

SciTech Connect

A procedure for structuring generally contracted valence-core/valence basis sets of Gaussian-type functions for use with relativistic effective core potentials (gcv-c/v-RECP basis sets) is presented. Large valence basis sets are enhanced using a compact basis set derived for outer core electrons in the presence of small-core RECPs. When core electrons are represented by relativistic effective core potentials (RECPs), and appropriate levels of theory, these basis sets are shown to provide accurate representations of atomic and molecular valence and outer-core electrons. Core/valence polarization and correlation effects can be calculated using these basis sets through standard methods for treating electron correlation. Calculations of energies and spectra for Ru, Os, Ir, In and Cs are reported. Spectroscopic constants for RuO2+, OsO2+, Cs2 and InH are calculated and compared with experiment.

Ermler, Walter V.; Tilson, Jeffrey L.

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

135

Feature - Lithium-air Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Develop Lithium-Air Battery Li-air Li-air batteries hold the promise of increasing the energy density of Li-ion batteries by as much as five to 10 times. But that potential will...

136

Lithium Technology Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corporation Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name Lithium Technology Corporation Place Plymouth Meeting, Pennsylvania Zip PA 19462 Sector Vehicles Product Pennsylvania-based lithium secondary battery company manufacturing rechargeable batteries for plug-in and hybrid vehicles and for custom military and industrial applications. References Lithium Technology Corporation[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Lithium Technology Corporation is a company located in Plymouth Meeting, Pennsylvania . References ↑ "Lithium Technology Corporation" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Lithium_Technology_Corporation&oldid=348412"

137

STUDIES ON TWO CLASSES OF POSITIVE ELECTRODE MATERIALS FOR LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as cathode materials for lithium ion battery. ElectrochimicaCapacity, High Rate Lithium-Ion Battery Electrodes Utilizinghours. 1.4 Lithium Ion Batteries Lithium battery technology

Wilcox, James D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Lithium hydride and lithium amide for hydrogen storage J. Engbk, G. Nielsen, I. Chorkendorff  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium hydride and lithium amide for hydrogen storage J. Engbæk, G. Nielsen, I. Chorkendorff 1 interest. Lithium amid has a high hydrogen storage capability; 10.4wt.% hydrogen. In this study surface reactions of thin films of lithium with hydrogen and ammonia is studied under well controlled conditions

Mosegaard, Klaus

139

Real-time observation of lithium fibers growth inside a nanoscale lithium-ion battery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real-time observation of lithium fibers growth inside a nanoscale lithium-ion battery Hessam August 2011; accepted 29 August 2011; published online 22 September 2011) Formation of lithium dendrite to observe the real-time nucleation and growth of the lithium fibers inside a nanoscale Li-ion battery. Our

Endres. William J.

140

Lithium Ion Solvation: Amine and Unsaturated Hydrocarbon Solvates of Lithium Hexamethyldisilazide (LiHMDS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium Ion Solvation: Amine and Unsaturated Hydrocarbon Solvates of Lithium Hexamethyldisilazide, and 13C NMR spectroscopic studies of 6Li-15N labeled lithium hexamethyldisilazide ([6Li,15N]- Li ligand structure and lithium amide aggregation state is a complex and sensitive function of amine alkyl

Collum, David B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Protective lithium ion conducting ceramic coating for lithium metal anodes and associate method  

SciTech Connect

A battery structure including a cathode, a lithium metal anode and an electrolyte disposed between the lithium anode and the cathode utilizes a thin-film layer of lithium phosphorus oxynitride overlying so as to coat the lithium anode and thereby separate the lithium anode from the electrolyte. If desired, a preliminary layer of lithium nitride may be coated upon the lithium anode before the lithium phosphorous oxynitride is, in turn, coated upon the lithium anode so that the separation of the anode and the electrolyte is further enhanced. By coating the lithium anode with this material lay-up, the life of the battery is lengthened and the performance of the battery is enhanced.

Bates, John B. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Primary and secondary ambient temperature lithium batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

These proceedings collect papers on the subject of batteries. Topics include: lithium-oxygen batteries, lithium-sulphur batteries, metal-metal oxide batteries, metal-nonmetal batteries, spacecraft power supplies, electrochemistry, and battery containment materials.

Gabano, J.P.; Takehara, Z.; Bro, P.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Recent advances in lithium ion technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lithium ion technology is based on the use of lithium intercalating electrodes. Carbon is the most commonly used anode material, while the cathode materials of choice have been layered lithium metal chalcogenides (LiMX{sub 2}) and lithium spinel-type compounds. Electrolytes may be either organic liquids or polymers. Although the first practical use of graphite intercalation compounds as battery anodes was reported in 1981 for molten salt cells (1) and in 1983 for ambient temperature systems (2) it was not until Sony Energytech announced a new lithium ion rechargeable cell containing a lithium ion intercalating carbon anode in 1990, that interest peaked. The reason for this heightened interest is that these cells have the high energy density, high voltage and fight weight of metallic lithium systems plus a very long cycle life, but without the disadvantages of dendrite formation on charge and the safety considerations associated with metallic lithium.

Levy, S.C.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Intermetallic electrodes for lithium batteries - Energy ...  

This invention relates to intermetallic negative electrode compounds for non-aqueous, electrochemical lithium cells and batteries. More specifically, ...

145

Graphene Fabrication and Lithium Ion Batteries Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2013 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Nanostructured Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries and for Supercapacitors.

146

Solid Lithium Ion Conducting Electrolytes Suitable for ...  

Batteries with solid lithium ion conducting electrolytes would ... The invention is cost-effective and suitable for manufacturing solid electrolyte ...

147

Dendrite Growth Prevention Technology for Lithium Metal ...  

Search PNNL. PNNL Home; About; Research; Publications; Jobs; News; Contacts; Dendrite Growth Prevention Technology for Lithium Metal Batteries. ...

148

Electrochemical Shock of Lithium Battery Materials - Programmaster ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Mesoscale Computational Materials Science of Energy Materials. Presentation Title, Electrochemical Shock of Lithium Battery Materials. Author(s)...

149

Morphological Evolution of Lithium Iron Phosphate Cathodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atomic Scale Modeling of Point Defects in Materials: Coupling Ab Initio and Elasticity Approaches ... Electrochemical Shock of Lithium Battery Materials.

150

Terahertz Properties of Lithium Iron Phosphate Glasses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Terahertz Properties of Lithium Iron Phosphate Glasses ... Field Assisted Viscous Flow and Crystallization in a Sodium Aluminosilicate Glass.

151

Ionic liquids for rechargeable lithium batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. Armand, Room temperature molten salts as lithium batteryZ. Suarez, Ionic liquid (molten salt) phase organometallic

Salminen, Justin; Papaiconomou, Nicolas; Kerr, John; Prausnitz, John; Newman, John

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Magnetism in LithiumOxygen Discharge Product  

SciTech Connect

Nonaqueous lithiumoxygen batteries have a much superior theoretical gravimetric energy density compared to conventional lithium-ion batteries, and thus could render long-range electric vehicles a reality. A molecular-level understanding of the reversible formation of lithium peroxide in these batteries, the properties of major/minor discharge products, and the stability of the nonaqueous electrolytes is required to achieve successful lithiumoxygen batteries. We demonstrate that the major discharge product formed in the lithiumoxygen cell, lithium peroxide, exhibits a magnetic moment. These results are based on dc-magnetization measurements and a lithium oxygen cell containing an ether-based electrolyte. The results are unexpected because bulk lithium peroxide has a significant band gap. Density functional calculations predict that superoxide- type surface oxygen groups with unpaired electrons exist on stoichiometric lithium peroxide crystalline surfaces and on nanoparticle surfaces; these computational results are consistent with the magnetic measurement of the discharged lithium peroxide product as well as EPR measurements on commercial lithium peroxide. The presence of superoxide-type surface oxygen groups with spin can play a role in the reversible formation and decomposition of lithium peroxide as well as the reversible formation and decomposition of electrolyte molecules.

Lu, Jun; Jung, Hun-Ji; Lau, Kah Chun; Zhang, Zhengcheng; Schlueter, John A.; Du, Peng; Assary, Rajeev S.; Greeley, Jeffrey P.; Ferguson, Glen A.; Wang, Hsien-Hau; Hassoun, Jusef; Iddir, Hakim; Zhou, Jigang; Zuin, Lucia; Hu, Yongfeng; Sun, Yang-Kook; Scrosati, Bruno; Curtiss, Larry A.; Amine, Khalil

2013-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

153

Solid composite electrolytes for lithium batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Solid composite electrolytes are provided for use in lithium batteries which exhibit moderate to high ionic conductivity at ambient temperatures and low activation energies. In one embodiment, a ceramic-ceramic composite electrolyte is provided containing lithium nitride and lithium phosphate. The ceramic-ceramic composite is also preferably annealed and exhibits an activation energy of about 0.1 eV.

Kumar, Binod (Dayton, OH); Scanlon, Jr., Lawrence G. (Fairborn, OH)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Strengthened lithium for x-ray blast windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lithium's high x-ray transparency makes it an attractive material for windows intended to protect soft x-ray diagnostics in high energy density experiments. Pure lithium is soft and weak, but lithium mixed with lithium hydride powder becomes harder and stronger, in principle without any additional x-ray absorption. A comparison with the standard material for x-ray windows, beryllium, suggests that lithium or lithium strengthened by lithium hydride may well be an excellent option for such windows.

Pereira, N. R. [Ecopulse Inc., P.O. Box 528, Springfield, Virginia 22150 (United States); Imam, M. A. [Materials Science and Technology Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

Lithium metal oxide electrodes for lithium cells and batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A lithium metal oxide positive electrode for a non-aqueous lithium cell is disclosed. The cell is prepared in its initial discharged state and has a general formula xLiMO.sub.2.(1-x)Li.sub.2 M'O.sub.3 in which 0

Thackeray, Michael M. (Naperville, IL); Johnson, Christopher S. (Naperville, IL); Amine, Khalil (Downers Grove, IL); Kim, Jaekook (Naperville, IL)

2004-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

156

Thin-film Lithium Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thin-Film Battery with Lithium Anode Courtesy of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Materials Science and Technology Division Thin-Film Lithium Batteries Resources with Additional Information The Department of Energy's 'Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has developed high-performance thin-film lithium batteries for a variety of technological applications. These batteries have high energy densities, can be recharged thousands of times, and are only 10 microns thick. They can be made in essentially any size and shape. Recently, Teledyne licensed this technology from ORNL to make batteries for medical devices including electrocardiographs. In addition, new "textured" cathodes have been developed which have greatly increased the peak current capability of the batteries. This greatly expands the potential medical uses of the batteries, including transdermal applications for heart regulation.'

157

Lithium ion rechargeable systems studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lithium ion systems, although relatively new, have attracted much interest worldwide. Their high energy density, long cycle life and relative safety, compared with metallic lithium rechargeable systems, make them prime candidates for powering portable electronic equipment. Although lithium ion cells are presently used in a few consumer devices, e.g., portable phones, camcorders, and laptop computers, there is room for considerable improvement in their performance. Specific areas that need to be addressed include: (1) carbon anode--increase reversible capacity, and minimize passivation; (2) cathode--extend cycle life, improve rate capability, and increase capacity. There are several programs ongoing at Sandia National Laboratories which are investigating means of achieving the stated objectives in these specific areas. This paper will review these programs.

Levy, S.C.; Lasasse, R.R.; Cygan, R.T.; Voigt, J.A.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Composite electrodes for lithium batteries.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The stability of composite positive and negative electrodes for rechargeable lithium batteries is discussed. Positive electrodes with spinel-type structures that are derived from orthorhombic-LiMnO{sub 2} and layered-MnO{sub 2} are significantly more stable than standard spinel Li[Mn{sub 2}]O{sub 4} electrodes when cycled electrochemically over both the 4-V and 3-V plateaus in lithium cells. Transmission electron microscope data of cycled electrodes have indicated that a composite domain structure accounts for this greater electrochemical stability. The performance of composite Cu{sub x}Sn materials as alternative negative electrodes to amorphous SnO{sub x} electrodes for lithium-ion batteries is discussed in terms of the importance of the concentration of the electrochemically inactive copper component in the electrode.

Hackney, S. A.; Johnson, C. S.; Kahaian, A. J.; Kepler, K. D.; Shao-Horn, Y.; Thackeray, M. M.; Vaughey, J. T.

1999-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

159

ET Parameters for Mixed-Valence Ru Complexes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Convergence of Spectroscopic and Kinetic Electron Transfer Parameters for Convergence of Spectroscopic and Kinetic Electron Transfer Parameters for Mixed-Valence Binuclear Dipyridylamide Ruthenium Ammine Complexes Alison J. Distefano, James F. Wishart, and Stephan S. Isied Coord. Chem. Rev. 249, 507-516 (2005). [Find paper at Elsevier Science Direct] Abstract: A series of binuclear ruthenium(II,III) pentaammine complexes bridged by 4-pyridyl isonicotinamide (iso-apy) and methyl, 4-pyridyl isonicotinamide (iso-mapy), and their mononuclear congeners, were studied by spectroscopic and kinetic techniques. The amide functionality provides asymmetry between the electronic environments of the metal ions bound to the aminopyridine (apy) and pyridine carbonyl (iso) ends. The resulting difference is observed in the charge transfer spectra and the

160

Measurement-Based Quantum Computing with Valence-Bond-Solids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurement-based quantum computing (MBQC) is a model of quantum computing that proceeds by sequential measurements of individual spins in an entangled resource state. However, it remains a challenge to produce efficiently such resource states. Would it be possible to generate these states by simply cooling a quantum many-body system to its ground state? Cluster states, the canonical resource states for MBQC, do not occur naturally as unique ground states of physical systems. This inherent hurdle has led to a significant effort to identify alternative resource states that appear as ground states in spin lattices. Recently, some interesting candidates have been identified with various valence-bond-solid (VBS) states. In this review, we provide a pedagogical introduction to recent progress regarding MBQC with VBS states as possible resource states. This study has led to an interesting interdisciplinary research area at the interface of quantum information science and condensed matter physics.

Kwek, Leong Chuan; Zeng, Bei

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Valence-shell photoionization of chlorine-like Ar$^{+}$ ions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Absolute cross-section measurements for valence-shell photoionization of Ar$^{+}$ ions are reported for photon energies ranging from 27.4 eV to 60.0 eV. The data, taken by merging beams of ions and synchrotron radiation at a photon energy resolution of 10 meV, indicate that the primary ion beam was a statistically weighted mixture of the $^2P^o_{3/2}$ ground state and the $^2P^o_{1/2}$ metastable state of Ar$^{+}$. Photoionization of this C$\\ell$-like ion is characterized by multiple Rydberg series of autoionizing resonances superimposed on a direct photoionization continuum. Observed resonance lineshapes indicate interference between indirect and direct photoionization channels. Resonance features are spectroscopically assigned and their energies and quantum defects are tabulated. The measurements are satisfactorily reproduced by theoretical calculations based on an intermediate coupling semi-relativistic Breit-Pauli approximation.

Covington, A M; Covington, I R; Hinojosa, G; Shirley, C A; lvarez, I; Cisneros, C; Dominguez-Lopez, I; Sant'Anna, M M; Schlachter, A S; Ballance, C P; McLaughlin, B M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Valence-shell photoionization of chlorinelike Ar{sup +} ions  

SciTech Connect

Absolute cross-section measurements for valence-shell photoionization of Ar{sup +} ions are reported for photon energies ranging from 27.4 to 60.0 eV. The data, taken by merging beams of ions and synchrotron radiation at a photon energy resolution of 10 meV, indicate that the primary ion beam was a statistically weighted mixture of the {sup 2}P{sub 3/2}{sup o} ground state and the {sup 2}P{sub 1/2}{sup o} metastable state of Ar{sup +}. Photoionization of this Cl-like ion is characterized by multiple Rydberg series of autoionizing resonances superimposed on a direct photoionization continuum. Observed resonance line shapes indicate interference between indirect and direct photoionization channels. Resonance features are spectroscopically assigned and their energies and quantum defects are tabulated. The measurements are satisfactorily reproduced by theoretical calculations based on an intermediate coupling semirelativistic Breit-Pauli approximation.

Covington, A. M.; Aguilar, A.; Covington, I. R.; Hinojosa, G.; Shirley, C. A.; Phaneuf, R. A.; Alvarez, I.; Cisneros, C.; Dominguez-Lopez, I.; Sant'Anna, M. M.; Schlachter, A. S.; Ballance, C. P.; McLaughlin, B. M. [Department of Physics, MS 220, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557-0058 (United States); Instituto de Ciencias Fisicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 6-96, Cuernavaca 62131, Morelos (Mexico); Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Department of Physics, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36840 (United States); Institute for Theoretical Atomic and Molecular Physics, Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, MS-14, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

Thin-film Rechargeable Lithium Batteries  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Thin film rechargeable lithium batteries using ceramic electrolyte and cathode materials have been fabricated by physical deposition techniques. The lithium phosphorous oxynitride electrolyte has exceptional electrochemical stability and a good lithium conductivity. The lithium insertion reaction of several different intercalation materials, amorphous V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, amorphous LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}, and crystalline LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} films, have been investigated using the completed cathode/electrolyte/lithium thin film battery.

Dudney, N. J.; Bates, J. B.; Lubben, D.

1995-06-00T23:59:59.000Z

164

Thin-film rechargeable lithium batteries  

SciTech Connect

Thin-film rechargeable lithium batteries using ceramic electrolyte and cathode materials have been fabricated by physical deposition techniques. The lithium phosphorous oxynitride electrolyte has exceptional electrochemical stability and a good lithium conductivity. The lithium insertion reaction of several different intercalation materials, amorphous V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, amorphous LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}, and crystalline LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} films, have been investigated using the completed cathode/electrolyte/lithium thin-film battery.

Dudney, N.J.; Bates, J.B.; Lubben, D. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Solid State Div.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Commercialization planning for the lithium/metal sulfide battery  

SciTech Connect

A federally supported battery development program has been underway at Argonne National laboratory since 1973 that is directed to the development and commercialization of high-energy batteries that meet national needs. This program has received a high national priority from the Energy Research Development Administration (and previously the Atomic Energy Commission) with appropriate R and D funding because achievement of the program goals is perceived as having a potentially important impact upon the energy resources in the U.S. The commercial production of high-energy-density batteries, if produced at costs that are attractive, can result in the reduction of petroleum consumption in applications such as utility peak-shaving or personal transportation. This would be accomplished by shifting these applications away from petroleum-fueled combustion turbines and internal combustion engines to battery peaking plants for utilities and battery-powered automobiles which can use electricity produced from energy sources such as coal or nuclear fuel. The energy storage that is projected for mature lithium/metal sulfide (Li/Ms) batteries is about 4 to 5 times that of today's lead--acid battery per unit weight and about 3 to 4 times per unit volume. Achievement of these performance goals and the cost goals for the cells of $20 to $35/kWh would make this system very attractive for many applications of commercial interest. 4 figures, 5 tables.

Chilenskas, A.A.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Lithium Ion Cell Development for Photovoltaic Energy Storage Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overall project goal is to reduce the cost of home and neighborhood photovoltaic storage systems by reducing the single largest cost component ?? the energy storage cells. Solar power is accepted as an environmentally advantaged renewable power source. Its deployment in small communities and integrated into the grid, requires a safe, reliable and low cost energy storage system. The incumbent technology of lead acid cells is large, toxic to produce and dispose of, and offer limited life even with significant maintenance. The ideal PV storage battery would have the safety and low cost of lead acid but the performance of lithium ion chemistry. Present lithium ion batteries have the desired performance but cost and safety remain the two key implementation barriers. The purpose of this project is to develop new lithium ion cells that can meet PVES cost and safety requirements using A123Systems phosphate-based cathode chemistries in commercial PHEV cell formats. The cost target is a cell design for a home or neighborhood scale at <$25/kWh. This DOE program is the continuation and expansion of an initial MPSC (Michigan Public Service Commission) program towards this goal. This program further pushes the initial limits of some aspects of the original program ?? even lower cost anode and cathode actives implemented at even higher electrode loadings, and as well explores new avenues of cost reduction via new materials ?? specifically our higher voltage cathode. The challenge in our materials development is to achieve parity in the performance metrics of cycle life and high temperature storage, and to produce quality materials at the production scale. Our new cathode material, M1X, has a higher voltage and so requires electrolyte reformulation to meet the high temperature storage requirements. The challenge of thick electrode systems is to maintain adequate adhesion and cycle life. The composite separator has been proven in systems having standard loading electrodes; the challenge with this material will be to maintain proven performance when this composite is coated onto a thicker electrode; as well the high temperature storage must meet application requirements. One continuing program challenge was the lack of specific performance variables for this PV application and so the low power requirements of PHEV/EV transportation markets were again used.

Susan Babinec

2012-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

167

Imaging Lithium Air Electrodes | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron Imaging Reveals Lithium Distribution in Lithium-Air Electrodes Neutron Imaging Reveals Lithium Distribution in Lithium-Air Electrodes Agatha Bardoel - January 01, 2013 Image produced by neutron-computed tomography. The next step in revolutionizing electric vehicle capacity Research Contacts: Hassina Bilheux, Jagjit Nanda, and S. Pannala Using neutron-computed tomography, researchers at the CG-1D neutron imaging instrument at Oak Ridge National Laboratory's High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) have successfully mapped the three-dimensional spatial distribution of lithium products in electrochemically discharged lithium-air cathodes. Lithium-air chemistry promises very high-energy density that, if successful, would revolutionize the world of electric vehicles by extending their range to 500 miles or more. The high-energy density comes from

168

Solid solution lithium alloy cermet anodes  

SciTech Connect

A metal-ceramic composite ("cermet") has been produced by a chemical reaction between a lithium compound and another metal. The cermet has advantageous physical properties, high surface area relative to lithium metal or its alloys, and is easily formed into a desired shape. An example is the formation of a lithium-magnesium nitride cermet by reaction of lithium nitride with magnesium. The reaction results in magnesium nitride grains coated with a layer of lithium. The nitride is inert when used in a battery. It supports the metal in a high surface area form, while stabilizing the electrode with respect to dendrite formation. By using an excess of magnesium metal in the reaction process, a cermet of magnesium nitride is produced, coated with a lithium-magnesium alloy of any desired composition. This alloy inhibits dendrite formation by causing lithium deposited on its surface to diffuse under a chemical potential into the bulk of the alloy.

Richardson, Thomas J.

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

169

Lithium-endohedral C{sub 60} complexes.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

High capacity, reversible, lithium intercalated carbon anodes have been prepared, 855 m.Ah/g, which exceed the capacity for stage 1 lithium intercalated carbon anodes, 372 mAh/g. Since there is very little hydrogen content in the high capacity anode, the fullerene C{sub 60} lattice is used to investigate the nature of lithium ion bonding and spacing between lithiums in endohedral lithium complexes of C{sub 60}. Three lithium-endohedral complexes have been investigated using ab initio molecular orbital calculations involving 2,3 and 5 lithium. The calculated results suggest that lithium cluster formation may be important for achieving the high capacity lithium carbon anodes.

Scanlon, L. G.

1998-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

170

Lithium Ephedrate-Mediated Addition of a Lithium Acetylide to a Ketone: Solution Structures and Relative Reactivities of Mixed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium Ephedrate-Mediated Addition of a Lithium Acetylide to a Ketone: Solution Structures-1301 ReceiVed April 30, 1997. ReVised Manuscript ReceiVed NoVember 26, 1997 Abstract: Addition of lithiumLi and 13C NMR spectroscopies reveal lithium cyclopropylacetylide in THF to be a dimer

Collum, David B.

171

Anode material for lithium batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Primary and secondary Li-ion and lithium-metal based electrochemical cell systems. The suppression of gas generation is achieved through the addition of an additive or additives to the electrolyte system of respective cell, or to the cell itself whether it be a liquid, a solid- or plasticized polymer electrolyte system. The gas suppression additives are primarily based on unsaturated hydrocarbons.

Belharouak, Ilias (Bolingbrook, IL); Amine, Khalil (Oak Brook, IL)

2011-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

172

Lithium-loaded liquid scintillators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is directed to a liquid scintillating composition containing (i) one or more non-polar organic solvents; (ii) (lithium-6)-containing nanoparticles having a size of up to 10 nm and surface-capped by hydrophobic molecules; and (iii) one or more fluorophores. The invention is also directed to a liquid scintillator containing the above composition.

Dai, Sheng (Knoxville, TN); Kesanli, Banu (Mersin, TR); Neal, John S. (Knoxville, TN)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

173

Anode material for lithium batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Primary and secondary Li-ion and lithium-metal based electrochemical cell systems. The suppression of gas generation is achieved through the addition of an additive or additives to the electrolyte system of respective cell, or to the cell itself whether it be a liquid, a solid- or plasticized polymer electrolyte system. The gas suppression additives are primarily based on unsaturated hydrocarbons.

Belharouak, Ilias (Westmont, IL); Amine, Khalil (Downers Grove, IL)

2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

174

Anode material for lithium batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Primary and secondary Li-ion and lithium-metal based electrochemical cell system. The suppression of gas generation is achieved through the addition of an additive or additives to the electrolyte system of respective cell, or to the cell itself whether it be a liquid, a solid- or plastized polymer electrolyte system. The gas suppression additives are primarily based on unsaturated hydrocarbons.

Belharouak, Ilias (Bolingbrook, IL); Amine, Khalil (Downers Grove, IL)

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

175

Commercial Aluminum-Lithium Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 8   Typical physical properties of selected aluminum-lithium alloys...-742 Elastic modulus, GPa (10 6 psi) 76 (11.0) 75 (10.9) 77 (11.2) Poisson's ratio 0.34 ? ? (a) Measured per ASTM G 60

176

Electric vehicle propulsion batteries: design and cost study for nickel/zinc battery manufacture. Task A. [25 kWh, 700 pounds, 245 Ah at 100+ V, 4. 77 ft/sup 3/  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For satisfying the 25-kWh energy requirement necessary for vehicle propulsion, a 700-pound nickel--zinc battery was configured. Containing 64 individual cells, the unit was selected for minimum weight from computed packaging possibilities. Unit volume was projected to be 4.77 cubic feet. Capacity of the cells delivering 100+ volts was set at 245 ampere-hours. Selection was made primarily because of the compatibility with expressed vehicle requirements of a lower-current system. Manufacturing costs were computed for a unit using sintered positive electrodes at $86/kWh, pilot plant rate, and $78/kWh, production plant rate. Based on a lower than anticipated cost differential between sintered and nonsintered positive electrodes and certain other performance differences, the sintered electrode was chosen for the battery design. Capital expenditures for a production rate of 10,000 batteries per year are estimated to be $2,316,500. Capital expenditure for demonstrating production rates in a pilot plant facility is approximately $280,000, with the use of some shared available equipment. 29 figures, 9 tables.

None

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Momentum Profile and Final Correlation Effects of Iso-butane Inner Valence by Binary (e, 2e) Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Momentum Profile and Final Correlation Effects of Iso-butane Inner Valence by Binary (e, 2e Momentum Profile and Final Correlation Effects of Iso-butane Inner Valence by Binary (e, 2e) Spectroscopy) The binding energy spectra and the momentum distributions of the valence orbitals of iso-butane, also known

Wang, Yayu

178

Imaging Lithium Atoms at Sub-Angstrom Resolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

110] orientation for LiCoO 2 without lithium atoms ( upper)and with lithium atoms (lower). Images are simulated at 0.9Horn LBNL-56646 resolution of lithium ions in LiCoO 2 . Fall

O'Keefe, Michael A.; Shao-Horn, Yang

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Lithium Diisopropylamide: Oligomer Structures at Low Ligand Concentrations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium Diisopropylamide: Oligomer Structures at Low Ligand Concentrations Jennifer L. Rutherford-dimensional 6Li and 15N NMR spectroscopic studies of lithium diisopropylamide (LDA) solvated ligand concentrations are discussed. Introduction Spectroscopic studies of lithium amides at low ligand

Collum, David B.

180

DEFECTS, PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS AND MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF LITHIUM FERRITE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crystal Fine-Structure: . Lithium Ferrite (Li 20.Fe 0 )1I,J. Dih, Electrical Conductivity in Lithium Ferrite and LeadMagnetic Properties of Lithium Ferrite Raja Kishore Mishra

Mishra, Raja Kishore

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Femtosecond second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Femtosecond second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides poled lithium niobate waveguides under large conversion conditions. Strong saturation of the SHG detailed experi- mental data on femtosecond SHG in periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) waveguides

Purdue University

182

The UC Davis Emerging Lithium Battery Test Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Miller, M. , Emerging Lithium-ion Battery Technologies forSymposium on Large Lithium-ion Battery Technology andAltairnano EIG Lithium-ion battery modules available for

Burke, Andy; Miller, Marshall

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Visualization of Charge Distribution in a Lithium Battery Electrode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a Lithium-Polymer Battery. J. Power Sources 2006, 163,of a Lithium-Polymer Battery. J. Power Sources 2008, 180,Up of a Lithium-Ion Polymer Battery. J. Power Sources 2009,

Liu, Jun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Assessment of Response to Lithium Maintenance Treatment in Bipolar Disorder: A Consortium on Lithium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessment of Response to Lithium Maintenance Treatment in Bipolar Disorder: A Consortium on Lithium Genetics (ConLiGen) Report Mirko Manchia1 , Mazda Adli2 , Nirmala Akula3 , Raffaella Ardau4 , Jean

Recanati, Catherine

185

Ab initio screening of lithium diffusion rates in transition metal oxide cathodes for lithium ion batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A screening metric for diffusion limitations in lithium ion battery cathodes is derived using transition state theory and common materials properties. The metric relies on net activation barrier for lithium diffusion. ...

Moore, Charles J. (Charles Jacob)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

designer phase transitions in lithium-based spinels  

SciTech Connect

When electrons in a metal become correlated with each other, new cooperative behavior can arise. This correlation is magnified when the metal has magnetic ions embedded in it. These atomic magnets try to line up with each other, but in doing so actually create a correlation between the motions of conduction electrons. In turn, these correlated electron motions prevent the magnetic ions from aligning, even at zero Kelvin. When this competition is strongest (at the so-called quantum critical point-QCP) the response of the system can no longer be described using the text book theory for metals. In addition, a range of new phenomena has been seen to emerge in the vicinity of a QCP, such as heavy-fermion superconductivity, coexistence of magnetism and superconductivity and hyper-scaling. The main goal of our research is to try to unravel the details of the feedback mechanism between electron motion and magnetism that lies at the heart of this new physics. We have chosen lithium-based spinel structures as the most promising family of systems to achieve our goal. Known lithium-based spinels Li{sub x}M{sub 2}O{sub 4} [M=V, Ti and Mn] show a variety of ground states: heavy-fermion, superconducting, or geometrically frustrated local moment systems. Li{sub x}M{sub 2}O{sub 4} should be ideal systems for studying QCPs since their properties can easily be fine-tuned, simply by extracting some Li [which can be done without introducing disorder in the immediate surroundings of the magnetic ions]. The premise of the proposal was that since this Li-extraction can be done both in the metallic as well as in insulating compounds, that we can expand the types of quantum phase transitions that can be studied to beyond transitions in magnetic metals. The project called for developing a better understanding of quantum phase transitions by measuring all aspects of the electronic response of Li{sub x}M{sub 2}O{sub 4} by means of neutron scattering, giving microscopic information about the behavior of the individual magnetic moments and their interactions, as well as by macroscopic measurements. In addition, the aim was to synthesize new lithium-based spinel compounds by using other transition metals that exhibit both 3{sup +} and 4{sup +} valencies. Here we report on the progress we have made during the course of this grant both towards the stated goals and on new avenues that developed as a direct result of the data we collected during this grant.

Wouter Montfrooij

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

187

Lithium borate cluster salts as novel redox shuttles for overcharge protection of lithium-ion cells.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Redox shuttle is a promising mechanism for intrinsic overcharge protection in lithium-ion cells and batteries. Two lithium borate cluster salts are reported to function as both the main salt for a nonaqueous electrolyte and the redox shuttle for overcharge protection. Lithium borate cluster salts with a tunable redox potential are promising candidates for overcharge protection for most positive electrodes in state-of-the-art lithium-ion cells.

Chen, Z.; Liu, J.; Jansen, A. N.; Casteel, B.; Amine, K.; GirishKumar, G.; Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Lithium Research Status and PlansLithium Research Status and Plans Charles H. Skinner, PPPL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

retention with lithium results (FY09 Joule Milestone) · Plans for LLD commissioning · LLD pumping · Impurity

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

189

The Polarised Valence Quark Distribution from semi-inclusive DIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The semi-inclusive difference asymmetry A^{h+ - h-} for hadrons of opposite charge has been measured by the COMPASS experiment at CERN. The data were collected in the years 2002-2004 using a 160 GeV polarised muon beam scattered off a large polarised 6-LiD target and cover the range 0.006 < x < 0.7 and 1 < Q^2 < 100 (GeV/c)^2. In leading order QCD (LO) the asymmetry A_d^{h+ - h-} measures the valence quark polarisation and provides an evaluation of the first moment of Delta u_v + Delta d_v which is found to be equal to 0.40 +- 0.07 (stat.) +- 0.05 (syst.) over the measured range of x at Q^2 = 10 (GeV/c)^2. When combined with the first moment of g_1^d previously measured on the same data, this result favours a non-symmetric polarisation of light quarks Delta u-bar = -Delta d-bar at a confidence level of two standard deviations, in contrast to the often assumed symmetric scenario Delta u-bar = Delta d-bar = Delta s-bar = Delta s.

Alekseev, M; Alexandrov, Yu; Alexeev, G D; Amoroso, A; Arbuzov, A; Badelek, B; Balestra, F; Ball, J; Barth, J; Baum, G; Bedfer, Y; Bernet, C; Bertini, R; Bettinelli, M; Birsa, R; Bisplinghoff, J; Bordalo, P; Bradamante, Franco; Bravar, A; Bressan, A; Brona, G; Burtin, E; Bussa, M P; Chapiro, A; Chiosso, M; Cicuttin, A; Colantoni, M; Costa, S; Crespo, M L; Dalla Torre, S; Dafni, T; Das, S; Das-Gupta, S S; De Masi, R; Dedek, N; Denisov, O Yu; Dhara, L; Daz, V; Dinkelbach, A M; Donskov, S V; Dorofeev, V A; Doshita, N; Duic, V; Dnnweber, W; Eversheim, P D; Eyrich, W; Fabro, M; Faessler, M; Falaleev, V; Ferrero, A; Ferrero, L; Finger, M; Fischer, H; Franco, C; Franz, J; Friedrich, J M; Frolov, V; Garfagnini, R; Gautheron, F; Gavrichtchouk, O P; Gazda, R; Gerassimov, S; Geyer, R; Giorgi, M; Gobbo, B; Grtz, S; Gorin, A M; Grabmuller, S; Grajek, O A; Grasso, A; Grube, B; Gushterski, R; Guskov, A; Haas, F; Hannappel, J; Von Harrach, D; Hasegawa, T; Heckmann, J; Hedicke, S; Heinsius, F H; Hermann, R; Hess, C; Hinterberger, F; Von Hodenberg, M; Horikawa, N; Horikawa, S; D'Hose, N; Ilgner, C; Ioukaev, A I; Ishimoto, S; Ivanov, O; Ivanshin, Yu; Iwata, T; Jahn, R; Janata, A; Jasinski, P; Joosten, R; Jouravlev, N I; Kabuss, E; Kang, D; Ketzer, B; Khaustov, G V; Khokhlov, Yu A; Kisselev, Yu; Klein, F; Klimaszewski, K; Koblitz, S; Koivuniemi, J H; Kolosov, V N; Komissarov, E V; Kondo, K; Knigsmann, K C; Konorov, I; Konstantinov, V F; Korentchenko, A S; Korzenev, A; Kotzinian, A M; Koutchinski, N A; Kuznetsov, O; Kral, A; Kravchuk, N P; Kroumchtein, Z V; Khn, R; Kunne, Fabienne; Kurek, K; Ladygin, M E; Lamanna, M; Le Goff, J M; Lednev, A A; Lehmann, A; Lichtenstadt, J; Liska, T; Ludwig, I; Maggiora, A; Maggiora, M; Magnon, A; Mallot, G K; Mann, A; Marchand, C; Marroncle, J; Martin, A; Marzec, J; Massmann, F; Matsuda, T; Maksimov, A N; Meyer, W; Mielech, A; Mikhailov, Yu V; Moinester, M A; Mutter, A; Nagaytsev, A; Nagel, T; Nahle, O; Nassalski, J; Neliba, S; Nerling, F; Neubert, S; Neyret, D P; Nikolaenko, V I; Nikolaev, K; Olshevskii, A G; Ostrick, M; Padee, A; Pagano, P; Panebianco, S; Panknin, R; Panzieri, D; Paul, S; Pawlukiewicz-Kaminska, B; Peshekhonov, D V; Peshekhonov, V D; Piragino, G; Platchkov, S; Pochodzalla, J; Polak, J; Polyakov, V A; Pretz, J; Procureur, S; Quintans, C; Rajotte, J F; Ramos, S; Rapatsky, V; Reicherz, G; Richter, A; Reggiani, D; Robinet, F; Rocco, E; Rondio, E; Rozhdestvensky, A M; Ryabchikov, D I; Samoylenko, V D; Sandacz, A; Santos, H; Sapozhnikov, M G; Sarkar, S; Savin, I A; Schiavon, Paolo; Schill, C; Schmitt, L; Schonmeier, P; Schroder, W; Shevchenko, O Yu; Siebert, H W; Silva, L; Sinha, L; Sissakian, A N; Slunecka, M; Smirnov, G I; Sosio, S; Sozzi, F; Srnka, A; Stinzing, F; Stolarski, M; Sugonyaev, V P; Sulc, M; Sulej, R; Tchalishev, V V; Tessaro, S; Tessarotto, F; Teufel, A; Tkatchev, L G; Venugopal, G; Virius, M; Vlassov, N V; Vossen, A; Webb, R; Weise, E; Weitzel, Q; Windmolders, R; Wirth, S; Wislicki, W; Zaremba, K; Zavertyaev, M; Zemlyanichkina, E; Zhao, J; Ziegler, R; Zvyagin, A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Lithium-aluminum-iron electrode composition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A negative electrode composition is presented for use in a secondary electrochemical cell. The cell also includes an electrolyte with lithium ions such as a molten salt of alkali metal halides or alkaline earth metal halides that can be used in high-temperature cells. The cell's positive electrode contains a a chalcogen or a metal chalcogenide as the active electrode material. The negative electrode composition includes up to 50 atom percent lithium as the active electrode constituent in an alloy of aluminum-iron. Various binary and ternary intermetallic phases of lithium, aluminum and iron are formed. The lithium within the intermetallic phase of Al.sub.5 Fe.sub.2 exhibits increased activity over that of lithium within a lithium-aluminum alloy to provide an increased cell potential of up to about 0.25 volt.

Kaun, Thomas D. (Mokena, IL)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Lithium Metal Oxide Electrodes For Lithium Cells And Batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A lithium metal oxide positive electrode for a non-aqueous lithium cell is disclosed. The cell is prepared in its initial discharged state and has a general formula xLiMO.sub.2.(1-x)Li.sub.2 M'O.sub.3 in which 0

Thackeray, Michael M. (Naperville, IL); Johnson, Christopher S. (Naperville, IL); Amine, Khalil (Downers Grove, IL); Kim, Jaekook (Naperville, IL)

2004-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

192

Lithium metal oxide electrodes for lithium cells and batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A lithium metal oxide positive electrode for a non-aqueous lithium cell is disclosed. The cell is prepared in its initial discharged state and has a general formula xLiMO.sub.2.(1-x)Li.sub.2M'O.sub.3 in which 0

Thackeray, Michael M. (Naperville, IL); Johnson, Christopher S. (Naperville, IL); Amine, Khalil (Oakbrook, IL)

2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

193

Lithium Tokamak Experiment (LTX) | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lithium Tokamak Experiment (LTX) The Lithium Tokamak Experiment (LTX) produced its first plasma in September, 2008. The new device will continue the promising, innovative work...

194

Optimizing the Performance of Lithium Titanate Spinal Paired...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optimizing the Performance of Lithium Titanate Spinal Paired with Activated Carbon or Iron Phosphate Title Optimizing the Performance of Lithium Titanate Spinal Paired with...

195

Itochu Takes Equity Stake in Lithium Resources Development Company ...  

California is unique because of its high content of lithium. Simbol has made . tremendous progress in developing a technology to extract lithium from this

196

Nanostructured Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries and for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... Nanostructured Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries and for ... to control capacity loss and enhance energy efficiency of lithium-ion batteries.

197

Calorimetric Investigation of the LithiumManganeseOxygen ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Calorimetric Investigation of the LithiumManganeseOxygen Cathode Material System for Lithium Ion Batteries. Author(s), Damian M. Cupid,...

198

Studies On Electrode Materials For Lithium-Ion Batteries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the early 1970s, research carried out on rechargeable lithium batteries at the Exxon Laboratories in the US established that lithium ions can be intercalated (more)

Palale, Suresh

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Secretary Chu Celebrates Expansion of Lithium-Ion Battery Production...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Celebrates Expansion of Lithium-Ion Battery Production in North Carolina Secretary Chu Celebrates Expansion of Lithium-Ion Battery Production in North Carolina July 26, 2011 -...

200

Expanded North Carolina Lithium Facility Opens, Boosting U.S...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Expanded North Carolina Lithium Facility Opens, Boosting U.S. Production of a Key Manufacturing Material Expanded North Carolina Lithium Facility Opens, Boosting U.S. Production of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Fact Sheet: Lithium-Ion Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fact Sheet: Lithium-Ion Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage (October 2012) Fact Sheet: Lithium-Ion Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage (October 2012) DOE's Energy Storage...

202

Layered Electrodes for Lithium Cells and Batteries | Argonne...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Layered Electrodes for Lithium Cells and Batteries Technology available for licensing: Layered lithium metal oxide compounds for ultra-high-capacity, rechargeable cathodes...

203

Electrode Structures and Surfaces for Lithium Batteries | Argonne...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electrode Structures and Surfaces for Lithium Batteries Technology available for licensing: lithium-metal-oxide electrode materials with modified surfaces to protect the materials...

204

Modeling the Performance of Lithium-Ion Batteries and Capacitors...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling the Performance of Lithium-Ion Batteries and Capacitors during Hybird Electric-Vehicle Operation Title Modeling the Performance of Lithium-Ion Batteries and Capacitors...

205

High-rate capable organic radical cathodes for lithium rechargeable...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-rate capable organic radical cathodes for lithium rechargeable batteries Title High-rate capable organic radical cathodes for lithium rechargeable batteries Publication Type...

206

NANOTUBE COMPOSITE ANODE MATERIALS SUITABLE FOR LITHIUM ION ...  

The present invention provides a composite material suitable for use in an anode for a lithium ion battery, the composite material comprising a layer of a lithium ...

207

Nanocomposite Carbon/Tin Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries  

Ceramic-Metal Composites for Electrodes of Lithium Ion Batteries, IB-2253; Lower Cost Lithium Ion Batteries from Aluminum Substituted Cathode ...

208

Electrolyte additive for lithium rechargeable organic electrolyte battery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A large excess of lithium iodide in solution is used as an electrolyte adive to provide overcharge protection for a lithium rechargeable organic electrolyte battery.

Behl, Wishvender K. (Ocean, NJ); Chin, Der-Tau (Winthrop, NY)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Lithium-Ion Batteries: Examining Material Demand and Recycling ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Use of vehicles with electric drive, which could reduce our oil dependence, will depend on lithiumion batteries. But is there enough lithium?

210

Understanding Diffusion-Induced-Stresses in Lithium Ion Battery ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Lithium insertion and removal in lithium ion battery electrodes can result in large volume expansion and contraction which may cause fracture...

211

Overcharge Protection for 4 V Lithium Batteries at High Rates...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overcharge Protection for 4 V Lithium Batteries at High Rates and Low Temperature Title Overcharge Protection for 4 V Lithium Batteries at High Rates and Low Temperature...

212

ABAA - 6th International Conference on Advanced Lithium Batteries...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of lithium batteries for transportation applications, organizers from U.S.A., Japan and Korea jointly initiated the International Conference on Advanced Lithium Batteries for...

213

Available Technologies: Lower Cost Lithium Ion Batteries from ...  

Lower Cost Lithium Ion Batteries from ... Although lithium ion batteries are the most promising candidates for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, the u ...

214

Electrode materials and lithium battery systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A material comprising a lithium titanate comprising a plurality of primary particles and secondary particles, wherein the average primary particle size is about 1 nm to about 500 nm and the average secondary particle size is about 1 .mu.m to about 4 .mu.m. In some embodiments the lithium titanate is carbon-coated. Also provided are methods of preparing lithium titanates, and devices using such materials.

Amine, Khalil (Downers Grove, IL); Belharouak, Ilias (Westmont, IL); Liu, Jun (Naperville, IL)

2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

215

Self-Regulating, Nonflamable Rechargeable Lithium Batteries ...  

Rechargeable lithium batteries are superior to other rechargeable batteries due to their ability to store more energy per unit size and weight and to operate at ...

216

Simplified Electrode Formation using Stabilized Lithium Metal ...  

A team of Berkeley Lab researchers led by Gao Liu has developed a doping process for lithium ion battery electrode formation that can boost a cells ...

217

Review of lithium-ion technology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The first practical use of graphite intercalation compounds (GIC) as battery anodes was reported in a 1981 patent by Basu in which a molten salt cell was described having a negative electrode that consisted of lithium intercalated in graphite. A second patent by Basu, issued in 1983, described an ambient temperature rechargeable system which also utilized lithium intercalated in graphite as the anode. Work in this area progressed at a low level, however, until interest was sparked in 1990 when Sony Corporation announced a new ``lithium-ion`` rechargeable cell containing a lithium ion intercalating carbon anode. These cells have the advantages of metallic lithium systems; i.e., high energy density, high voltage, and light weight, without the disadvantages of dendrite formation on charge and the safety considerations associated with metallic lithium. Materials other than carbon have been studied as intercalation anodes. Examples are Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, WO{sub 2} and TiS{sub 2}. Although these alternate anode materials are of interest academically and for specialty applications, they do not hold much promise for widespread general use due to their increased weight and lower cell voltage. Studies of cathode materials for lithium-ion systems have centered on the transition metal chalcogenides. A number of these materials are capable of reversibly intercalating lithium ions at a useful potential versus lithium. Both organic liquids and polymers are candidate electrolytes for this technology.

Levy, S.C.; Cieslak, W.R.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

218

Nanopower: Avoiding Electrolyte Failure in Nanoscale Lithium ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... most of which is the battery itselfwhich ... widesolid-state lithium ion batteries to see just ... cathode material, electrolyte, and anode materials with ...

2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

219

Surface Modification Agents for Lithium Batteries  

Increased safety and life of lithium-ion batteries, ... Electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles; Portable electronic devices; Medical devices; and

220

Ternary compound electrode for lithium cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Lithium-based cells are promising for applications such as electric vehicles and load-leveling for power plants since lithium is very electropositive and of light weight. One type of lithium-based cell utilizes a molten salt electrolyte and normally is operated in the temperature range of about 350 to 500/sup 0/C. Such high temperature operation accelerates corrosion problems. The present invention provides an electrochemical cell in which lithium is the electroactive species. The cell has a positive electrode which includes a ternary compound generally represented as Li-M-O, wherein M is a transition metal. Corrosion of the inventive cell is considerably reduced.

Raistrick, I.D.; Godshall, N.A.; Huggins, R.A.

1980-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Ternary compound electrode for lithium cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Lithium-based cells are promising for applications such as electric vehicles and load-leveling for power plants since lithium is very electropositive and of light weight. One type of lithium-based cell utilizes a molten salt electrolyte and normally is operated in the temperature range of about 350.degree.-500.degree. C. Such high temperature operation accelerates corrosion problems. The present invention provides an electrochemical cell in which lithium is the electroactive species. The cell has a positive electrode which includes a ternary compound generally represented as Li-M-O, wherein M is a transition metal. Corrosion of the inventive cell is considerably reduced.

Raistrick, Ian D. (Menlo Park, CA); Godshall, Ned A. (Stanford, CA); Huggins, Robert A. (Stanford, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

High Energy Density Secondary Lithium Batteries  

High Energy Density Secondary Lithium Batteries Note: The technology described above is an early stage opportunity. Licensing rights to this intellectual property may

223

Cycling Degradation of Lithium Iron Phosphate Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Significant improvement of electronic conductivity of lithium iron ... commercialization in many applications especially in plug-in electric vehicles.

224

Lithium-Ion Batteries: Possible Materials Issues  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne, IL Abstract The transition to plug-in hybrid vehicles and possibly pure battery electric vehicles will depend on the successful development of lithium-ion batteries....

225

Layered Electrodes for Lithium Cells and Batteries  

AV AILABLE FOR LICENSING Layered lithium metal oxide compounds for ultra-high capacity, rechargeable cathodes. The Invention High-capacity, rechargeable cathodes made ...

226

LITHIUM-BASED ELECTROCHROMIC MIRRORS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

870 870 rd Presented at the 203 Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, April 28-30, 2003 in Paris, France and published in the Proceedings. Lithium-Based Electrochromic Mirrors Thomas J. Richardson and Jonathan L. Slack Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory April 2003 This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs, Office of Building Research and Standards of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. LITHIUM-BASED ELECTROCHROMIC MIRRORS Thomas J. Richardson* and Jonathan L. Slack Building Technologies Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, California 94720, USA

227

electrodes in lithium ion batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nickel oxide (NiO) nanotubes have been produced for the first time via a template processing method. The synthesis involved a two step chemical reaction in which nickel hydroxide (Ni(OH)2) nanotubes were firstly formed within the walls of an anodic aluminium oxide (AAO) template. The template was then dissolved away using concentrated NaOH, and the freed nanotubes were converted to NiO by heat treatment in air at 350 ? C. Individual nanotubes measured 60 ?m in length with a 200 nm outer diameter and a wall thickness of 2030 nm. The NiO nanotube powder was used in Li-ion cells for assessment of the lithium storage ability. Preliminary testing indicates that the cells demonstrate controlled and sustainable lithium diffusion after the formation of an SEI. Reversible capacities in the 300 mAh g ?1 range were typical.

S. A. Needham; G. X. Wang; H. K. Liu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Solid polymer electrolyte lithium batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention pertains to Lithium batteries using Li ion (Li.sup.+) conductive solid polymer electrolytes composed of solvates of Li salts immobilized in a solid organic polymer matrix. In particular, this invention relates to Li batteries using solid polymer electrolytes derived by immobilizing solvates formed between a Li salt and an aprotic organic solvent (or mixture of such solvents) in poly(vinyl chloride).

Alamgir, Mohamed (Dedham, MA); Abraham, Kuzhikalail M. (Needham, MA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Solid polymer electrolyte lithium batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention pertains to Lithium batteries using Li ion (Li[sup +]) conductive solid polymer electrolytes composed of solvates of Li salts immobilized in a solid organic polymer matrix. In particular, this invention relates to Li batteries using solid polymer electrolytes derived by immobilizing solvates formed between a Li salt and an aprotic organic solvent (or mixture of such solvents) in poly(vinyl chloride). 3 figures.

Alamgir, M.; Abraham, K.M.

1993-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

230

Lithium battery safety and reliability  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lithium batteries have been used in a variety of applications for a number of years. As their use continues to grow, particularly in the consumer market, a greater emphasis needs to be placed on safety and reliability. There is a useful technique which can help to design cells and batteries having a greater degree of safety and higher reliability. This technique, known as fault tree analysis, can also be useful in determining the cause of unsafe behavior and poor reliability in existing designs.

Levy, S.C.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Proton-Neutron Coupling in the Gamow Shell Model: the Lithium Chain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The shell model in the complex k-plane (the so-called Gamow Shell Model) has recently been formulated and applied to structure of weakly bound, neutron-rich nuclei. The completeness relations of Newton and Berggren, which apply to the neutron case, are strictly valid for finite-range potentials. However, for long-range potentials, such as the Coulomb potential for protons, for which the arguments based on the Mittag-Leffler theory do not hold, the completeness still needs to be demonstrated. This has been done in this paper, both analytically and numerically. The generalized Berggren relations are then used in the first Gamow Shell Model study of nuclei having both valence neutrons and protons, namely the lithium chain. The single-particle basis used is that of the Hartree-Fock-inspired potential generated by a finite-range residual interaction. The effect of isospin mixing in excited unbound states is discussed.

N. Michel; W. Nazarewicz; M. Ploszajczak

2004-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

232

Lithium batteries for pulse power  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

New designs of lithium batteries having bipolar construction and thin cell components possess the very low impedance that is necessary to deliver high-intensity current pulses. The R D and understanding of the fundamental properties of these pulse batteries have reached an advanced level. Ranges of 50--300 kW/kg specific power and 80--130 Wh/kg specific energy have been demonstrated with experimental high-temperature lithium alloy/transition-metal disulfide rechargeable bipolar batteries in repeated 1- to 100-ms long pulses. Other versions are designed for repetitive power bursts that may last up to 20 or 30 s and yet may attain high specific power (1--10 kW/kg). Primary high-temperature Li-alloy/FeS{sub 2} pulse batteries (thermal batteries) are already commercially available. Other high-temperature lithium systems may use chlorine or metal-oxide positive electrodes. Also under development are low-temperature pulse batteries: a 50-kW Li/SOCl{sub 2} primary batter and an all solid-state, polymer-electrolyte secondary battery. Such pulse batteries could find use in commercial and military applications in the near future. 21 refs., 8 figs.

Redey, L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Transparent lithium-ion batteries , Sangmoo Jeongb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transparent lithium-ion batteries Yuan Yanga , Sangmoo Jeongb , Liangbing Hua , Hui Wua , Seok Woo in capillaries. Adv Mater 8:245­247. 24. Kim DK, et al. (2008) Spinel LiMn2O4 nanorods as lithium ion battery voltage window. For example, LiCoO2 and graphite, the most common cathode and anode in Li-ion batteries

Cui, Yi

234

Current status of the liquid lithium target  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cycle Flexible tubes Oil pump Heat exchanger Oil chamber Inside the lab Outside the lab #12;Elect irradiations), Internal Report DSM/DAPNIA/SPhN, CEA Saclay (Dec 2003) 10 #12;Liquid lithium loop EM pump loop Water direction #12;15 Be Trap Heat Exchanger Cross Section Design to remove ~12 kW Lithium tank #12;Oil

McDonald, Kirk

235

Intense Lithium Streams in Tokamaks 1 Leonid E. Zakharov,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intense Lithium Streams in Tokamaks 1 Leonid E. Zakharov, Princeton University, Princeton Plasma. Temperature of the streams. 2. Lithium jets. 3. Injection into vacuum chamber. 4. Propulsion inside the vacuum chamber. 5. Stability of the lithium streams. 6. Expulsion of the lithium. 7. Summary. PRINCETON PLASMA

Zakharov, Leonid E.

236

Lithium Reagents DOI: 10.1002/anie.200603038  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium Reagents DOI: 10.1002/anie.200603038 Lithium Diisopropylamide: Solution Kinetics Keywords: kinetics · lithium diisopropylamide · metalation · solvent effects · synthesis design D. B: lithium diiso- propylamide (LDA). LDA has played a profound role in organic synthesis, serving as the base

Collum, David B.

237

NSTX Liquid Lithium Divertor (LLD) Design Status and Plans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NSTX Liquid Lithium Divertor (LLD) Design Status and Plans Office of Science H. W. Kugel, PPPL Design Status and Plans (Kugel) 2July 28, 2008 Motivation for NSTX Lithium Research · NSTX research with solid lithium is aimed initially towards using liquid lithium to control density, edge collisionality

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

238

Lithium Lorentz Force Accelerator Thruster (LiLFA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium Lorentz Force Accelerator Thruster (LiLFA) Adam Coulon Princeton University Electric #12;LiLFA Thruster · Lithium vapor ionizes in the electric field · A current evolves in the plasma and Control System Position Sensing Detector #12;Lithium Reservoir Argon Flow Copper Water Flow Piston/Lithium

Petta, Jason

239

Office of Technology Transfer Composite Electrodes for Rechargeable Lithium-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of this technology. Page 6 Lithium-ion Batteries Could Hold the Key to 100-MPG Hybrids Lithium-ion batteries are a promising alternative to the nickel metal hydride batteries used in current-generation HEVs. Lithium-ion batteries pack more power and energy into a smaller battery package. But there's work to do before lithium-ion

Kemner, Ken

240

Lithium-Assisted Electrochemical Welding in Silicon Nanowire Battery Electrodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-healing, interfacial lithium diffusivity, in situ TEM, lithium-ion battery Silicon is an auspicious candidate to replace today's widely utilized graphitic anodes in lithium ion batteries because its specific energy evidence of facile transport of lithium ions, which are both desirable properties for enhanced battery

Li, Teng

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Surface-Modified Active Materials for Lithium Ion Battery Electrodes  

lithium ion battery electrodes that lowers binder cost without sacrificing performance and reliability.

242

Impact of Lithium Availability on Vehicle Electrification (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation discusses the relationship between electric drive vehicles and the availability of lithium.

Neubauer, J.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Performance of Lithium Ion Cell Anode Graphites Under Various Cycling Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CA 94720 Performance of Lithium Ion Cell Anode Graphitesevaluated (in coin cells with lithium counter electrodes) asanode materials for lithium-ion cells intended for use in

Ridgway, Paul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

FILM FORMATION ON LITHIUM IN PROPYLENE CARBONATE SOLUTIONS UNDER OPEN CIRCUIT CONDITIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Ambient Temperature Lithium Batteries, B. B. Owens and1 Soci ety FILM FORMATION ON LITHIUM IN PROPYLENE CARBONATECalifornia. Film Formation on Lithium 1n Propylene Carbonate

Geronov, Y.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Structural Integration of Silicon Solar Cells and Lithium-ion Batteries Using Printed Electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium-Ion Polymer Battery ..Performance of Lithium-Ion Polymer Battery Introduction Assolid state lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery were adhesively

Kang, Jin Sung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

J. Am. Chem. SOC.1991, 113,9575-9585 9575 Mixed Aggregation of Lithium Enolates and Lithium Halides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. Am. Chem. SOC.1991, 113,9575-9585 9575 Mixed Aggregation of Lithium Enolates and Lithium Halides with Lithium 2,2,6,6-Tetramethylpiperidide(LiTMP) Patricia L. Hall, James H. Gilchrist, Aidan T. Harrison]-lithiumdi-tert-butylamide and conformationally locked [6Li]-lithium2,2,4,6,6-pentamethylpiperidide shed further light

Collum, David B.

247

Process for recovering tritium from molten lithium metal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Lithium tritide (LiT) is extracted from molten lithium metal that has been exposed to neutron irradiation for breeding tritium within a thermonuclear or fission reactor. The extraction is performed by intimately contacting the molten lithium metal with a molten lithium salt, for instance, lithium chloride - potassium chloride eutectic to distribute LiT between the salt and metal phases. The extracted tritium is recovered in gaseous form from the molten salt phase by a subsequent electrolytic or oxidation step.

Maroni, Victor A. (Naperville, IL)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Intermetallic insertion anodes for lithium batteries.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Binary intermetallic compounds containing lithium, or lithium alloys, such as Li{sub x}Al, Li{sub x}Si and Li{sub x}Sn have been investigated in detail in the past as negative electrode materials for rechargeable lithium batteries. It is generally acknowledged that the major limitation of these systems is the large volumetric expansion that occurs when lithium reacts with the host metal. Such large increases in volume limit the practical use of lithium-tin electrodes in electrochemical cells. It is generally recognized that metal oxide electrodes, MO{sub y}, in lithium-ion cells operate during charge and discharge by means of a reversible lithium insertion/extraction process, and that the cells offer excellent cycling behavior when the crystallographic changes to the unit cell parameters and unit cell volume of the Li{sub x}MO{sub y} electrode are kept to a minimum. An excellent example of such an electrode is the spinel Li{sub 4}Ti{sub 5}O{sub 12}, which maintains its cubic symmetry without any significant change to the lattice parameter (and hence unit cell volume) during lithium insertion to the rock-salt composition Li{sub 7}Ti{sub 5}O{sub 12}. This spinel electrode is an example of a ternary Li{sub x}MO{sub y} system in which a binary MO{sub y} framework provides a stable host structure for lithium. With this approach, the authors have turned their attention to exploring ternary intermetallic systems Li{sub x}MM{prime} in the hope of finding a system that is not subject to the high volumetric expansion that typifies many binary systems. In this paper, the authors present recent data of their investigations of lithium-copper-tin and lithium-indium-antimonide electrodes in lithium cells. The data show that lithium can be inserted reversibly into selected intermetallic compounds with relatively small expansion of the lithiated intermetallic structures.

Thackeray, M. M.; Vaughey, J.; Johnson, C. S.; Kepler, K. D.

1999-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

249

OpenEI - kWh  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

are given by a location defined by the Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) for which the weather data was collected. Commercial load data is sorted by the (TMY) site as a...

250

Materials Processing for Lithium-Ion Batteries  

SciTech Connect

Extensive efforts have been undertaken to develop and optimize new materials for lithium-ion batteries to address power and energy demands of mobile electronics and electric vehicles. However, the introduction of large-format lithium-ion batteries is hampered by high cost, safety concerns, and deficiencies in energy density and calendar life. Advanced materials-processing techniques can contribute solutions to such issues. From that perspective, this work summarizes the materials-processing techniques used to fabricate the cathodes, anodes, and separators used in lithium-ion batteries.

Li, Jianlin [ORNL; Daniel, Claus [ORNL; Wood III, David L [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Lithium abundances in exoplanet-hosts stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exoplanet-host stars (EHS) are known to present surface chemical abundances different from those of stars without any detected planet (NEHS). EHS are, on the average, overmetallic compared to the Sun. The observations also show that, for cool stars, lithium is more depleted in EHS than in NEHS. The overmetallicity of EHS may be studied in the framework of two different scenarii. We have computed main sequence stellar models with various masses, metallicities and accretion rates. The results show different profiles for the lithium destruction according to the scenario. We compare these results to the spectroscopic observations of lithium.

M. Castro; S. Vauclair; O. Richard; N. C. Santos

2008-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

252

Lithium Diisopropylamide-Mediated Ortholithiation and Anionic Fries Rearrangement of Aryl Carbamates: Role of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium Diisopropylamide-Mediated Ortholithiation and Anionic Fries Rearrangement of Aryl of the lithium diisopropylamide (LDA)-mediated anionic Fries rearrangements of aryl carbamates are described, an LDA-lithium phenolate mixed dimer, and homoaggregated lithium phenolates. The highly insoluble

Collum, David B.

253

Simplified Electrode Formation using Stabilized Lithium Metal Powder (SLMP) Doping of Lithium Ion Battery Electrodes  

lithium ion battery electrode formation that can boost a cells charge capacity and lower its cost while improving reliability and safety.

254

Electrolytic method for the production of lithium using a lithium-amalgam electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for recovering lithium from its molten amalgam by electrolysis of the amalgam in an electrolytic cell containing as a molten electrolyte a fused-salt consisting essentially of a mixture of two or more alkali metal halides, preferably alkali metal halides selected from lithium iodide, lithium chloride, potassium iodide and potassium chloride. A particularly suitable molten electrolyte is a fused-salt consisting essentially of a mixture of at least three components obtained by modifying an eutectic mixture of LiI-KI by the addition of a minor amount of one or more alkali metal halides. The lithium-amalgam fused-salt cell may be used in an electrolytic system for recovering lithium from an aqueous solution of a lithium compound, wherein electrolysis of the aqueous solution in an aqueous cell in the presence of a mercury cathode produces a lithium amalgam. The present method is particularly useful for the regeneration of lithium from the aqueous reaction products of a lithium-water-air battery.

Cooper, John F. (Castro Valley, CA); Krikorian, Oscar H. (Danville, CA); Homsy, Robert V. (Oakland, CA)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

A rapid method for the determination of lithium transference numbers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lithium ion-conducting polymer electrolytes are of increasing interest for use in lithium-polymer batteries. Lithium transference numbers, the net fraction of current carried by lithium in a cell, are key figures of merit for potential lithium battery electrolytes. The authors describe the Electrophoretic NMR (ENMR) method for the determination of lithium ion transference numbers (T{sub Li}). The work presented is a proof-of-concept of the application of the ENMR method to lithium ion transference measurements for several different lithium salts in gelled electrolytes. The NMR method allows accurate determination of T{sub Li} values, as indicated by the similarity of T{sub Li} in the gelled electrolytes to those in aqueous electrolyte solutions at low salt concentration. Based on calculated tradeoffs of various experimental parameters, they also discuss some conclusions concerning the range of applicability of the method to other electrolytes with lower lithium mobility.

Zawodzinski, T.A. Jr.; Dai, H.; Sanderson, S.; Davey, J.; Uribe, F. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Electronics Materials and Device Research Group

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

A Material Change: Bringing Lithium Production Back to America | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Material Change: Bringing Lithium Production Back to America A Material Change: Bringing Lithium Production Back to America A Material Change: Bringing Lithium Production Back to America June 29, 2012 - 5:34pm Addthis The Rockwood Lithium manufacturing facility in Kings Mountain, North Carolina. | Photo courtesy of Rockwood Lithium. The Rockwood Lithium manufacturing facility in Kings Mountain, North Carolina. | Photo courtesy of Rockwood Lithium. Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Between 1980 and 2009, the global demand for lithium has tripled. This metal is a key material in a number of growing industries -- including advanced vehicle batteries and consumer electronics. But more specifically, lithium-ion batteries are a vital component in electric vehicles and other rechargeable batteries for consumer electronics, and are used to produce

257

Passivation of Aluminum in Lithium-ion Battery Electrolytes with LiBOB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Aluminum in Lithium-ion Battery Electrolytes with LiBOBin commercially available lithium-ion battery electrolytes,

Zhang, Xueyuan; Devine, Thomas M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Test results of lithium pool-air reaction suppression systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Engineered reaction suppression systems were demonstrated to be effective in suppressing lithium pool-air reactions for lithium quantities up to 100 kg. Lithium pool-air reaction suppression system tests were conducted to evaluate suppression system effectiveness for potential use in fusion facilities in mitigating consequences of postulated lithium spills. Small-scale perforated and sacrificial cover plate suppression systems with delayed inert gas purging proved effective in controlling the lithium-air interaction for lithium quantities near 15 kg at initial temperatures up to 450/sup 0/C. A large-scale suppression system with a sacrificial cover, a diverter plate, an inert gas atmosphere, and remotely retrievable catch pans proved effective in controlling lithium pool-air interaction for a 100-kg lithium discharge at an initial temperature of 550/sup 0/C. This suppression system limited the maximum pool temperature to about 600/sup 0/C less than that expected for a similar lithium pool-air reaction without a suppression system. Lithium aerosol release from this large-scale suppression system was a factor of about 10,000 less than that expected for a lithium pool-air reaction with no suppression system. Remote retrieval techniques for lithium cleanup, such as (1) in-place lithium siphoning and overhead crane dismantling, and (2) lithium catch pan removal by use of an overhead crane, were demonstrated as part of this large-scale test.

Jeppson, D.W.

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Nanostructured lithium nickel manganese oxides for lithium-ion batteries.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Nanostructured lithium nickel manganese oxides were investigated as advanced positive electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries designated to power plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and all-electric vehicles. The investigation included material characterization and electrochemical testing. In cell tests, the Li{sub 1.375}Ni{sub 0.25}Mn{sub 0.75}O{sub 2.4375} composition achieved high capacity (210 mAh g{sup -1}) at an elevated rate (230 mA g{sup -1}), which makes this material a promising candidate for high energy density Li-ion batteries, as does its being cobalt-free and uncoated. The material has spherical morphology with nanoprimary particles embedded in micrometer-sized secondary particles, possesses a multiphase character (spinel and layered), and exhibits a high packing density (over 2 g cm{sup -3}) that is essential for the design of high energy density positive electrodes. When combined with the Li{sub 4}Ti{sub 5}O{sub 12} stable anode, the cell showed a capacity of 225 mAh g{sup -1} at the C/3 rate (73 mA g{sup -1}) with no capacity fading for 200 cycles. Other chemical compositions, Li{sub (1+x)}Ni{sub 0.25}Mn{sub 0.75}O{sub (2.25+x/2)} (0.32 {le} x {le} 0.65), were also studied, and the relationships among their structural, morphological, and electrochemical properties are reported.

Deng, H.; Belharouak, I.; Cook, R. E.; Wu, H.; Sun, Y.-K.; Amine, K.; Hanyang Univ.

2010-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

260

Categorical Exclusion 4497: Lithium Wet Chemistry Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8/2012 07:36 8/2012 07:36 8655749041 ENVIRONMENTAL COMPL U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Detennination Form Proposed Action Tills: Lithium W@t Chemistry Project (4597) Program or Fi~ld Oftke: Y-12 Site Office L&cationfs) (CiWLCount:r/State): Oak Ridge, Anderson County; Tennessee Proposed Action Description: PAGE 03/04 r: :;: :: !: s .a : brnl, i ~ y. : $ ~-rtl~il : t·:~::;J The proposed action is to develop a small lithium wet chemistry operation for the following purposes: (1) to capture wet chemistry operations, (2) to provide processing path for Lithium materials such as machine dust, (3) to provide lithium based materials, and (4) to produce the littlium hydroxide needed to support production. CategQrj~l Exclusion(s) Applied

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261

California Lithium Battery, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

California California Lithium Battery, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 626 likes California Lithium Battery, Inc. Argonne National Laboratory California Lithium Battery ("CALBattery") is a start-up California company established in 2011 to develop and manufacture a breakthrough high energy density and long cycle life lithium battery for utility energy storage, transportation, and defense industries. The company is a joint venture between California-based Ionex Energy Storage Systems and CALiB Power. US production of this advanced Very Large Format (400Ah+) si-graphene LI-ion battery is scheduled to start in California in 2014. Plans are to produce the initial batteries for CALBattery JV partner Ionex Energy Storage Systems for use in 1-100MW grid scale energy storage

262

Argonne Transportation - Lithium Battery Technology Patents  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Awarded Lithium Battery Technology Patents Awarded Lithium Battery Technology Patents "Composite-structure" material is a promising battery electrode for electric vehicles Argonne National Laboratory has been granted two U.S. patents (U.S. Pat. 6,677,082 and U.S. Pat. 6,680,143) on new "composite-structure" electrode materials for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. Electrode compositions of this type are receiving worldwide attention. Such electrodes offer superior cost and safety features over state-of-the-art LiCoO2 electrodes that power conventional lithium-ion batteries. Moreover, they demonstrate outstanding cycling stability and can be charged and discharged at high rates, making them excellent candidates to replace LiCoO2 for consumer electronic applications and hybrid electric vehicles.

263

Towards Safer Lithium-Ion Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Towards Safer Lithium-Ion Batteries Towards Safer Lithium-Ion Batteries Speaker(s): Guoying Chen Date: October 25, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Venkat Srinivasan Safety problems associated with rechargeable lithium batteries are now well recognized. Recent spectacular fires involving cell phones, laptops, and (here at LBNL) AA cells have made the news. These events are generally caused by overcharging and subsequent development of internal shorts. Before these batteries can be used in vehicle applications, improvement in cell safety is a must. We have been active in the area of lithium battery safety for many years. For example, a versatile, inexpensive overcharge protection approach developed in our laboratory, uses an electroactive polymer to act as a reversible, self-actuating, low resistance internal

264

It's Elemental - Isotopes of the Element Lithium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Periodic Table of Elements Next Element (Beryllium) Beryllium Isotopes of the Element Lithium Click for Main Data Most of the isotope data on this site has been obtained from...

265

NSTX Plasma Response to Lithium Coated Divertor  

SciTech Connect

NSTX experiments have explored lithium evaporated on a graphite divertor and other plasma facing components in both L- and H- mode confinement regimes heated by high-power neutral beams. Improvements in plasma performance have followed these lithium depositions, including a reduction and eventual elimination of the HeGDC time between discharges, reduced edge neutral density, reduced plasma density, particularly in the edge and the SOL, increased pedestal electron and ion temperature, improved energy confinement and the suppression of ELMs in the H-mode. However, with improvements in confinement and suppression of ELMs, there was a significant secular increase in the effective ion charge Zeff and the radiated power in H-mode plasmas as a result of increases in the carbon and medium-Z metallic impurities. Lithium itself remained at a very low level in the plasma core, <0.1%. Initial results are reported from operation with a Liquid Lithium Divertor (LLD) recently installed.

H.W. Kugel, M.G. Bell, J.P. Allain, R.E. Bell, S. Ding, S.P. Gerhardt, M.A. Jaworski, R. Kaita, J. Kallman, S.M. Kaye, B.P. LeBlanc, R. Maingi, R. Majeski, R. Maqueda, D.K. Mansfield, D. Mueller, R. Nygren, S.F. Paul, R. Raman, A.L. Roquemore, S.A. Sabbagh, H. Schneider, C.H. Skinner, V.A. Soukhanovskii, C.N. Taylor, J.R. Timberlak, W.R. Wampler, L.E. Zakharov, S.J. Zweben, and the NSTX Research Team

2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

266

Lithium-ion batteries : an unexpected advance.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The discovery that the electronic conductivity of LiFePO{sub 4} can be increased by eight orders of magnitude may have a profound impact on the next generation of lithium-ion batteries.

Thackeray, M. M.; Chemical Engineering

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Solid State Thin Film Lithium Microbatteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solid state thin film lithium microbatteries fabricated by pulsed-laser deposition (PLD) are suggested. During deposition the following process parameters must be considered, which are laser energy and fluence, laser pulse ...

Shi, Z.

268

NSTX Plasma Response to Lithium Coated Divertor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NSTX experiments have explored lithium evaporated on a graphite divertor and other plasma facing components in both L- and H- mode confinement regimes heated by high-power neutral beams. Improvements in plasma performance have followed these lithium depositions, including a reduction and eventual elimination of the HeGDC time between discharges, reduced edge neutral density, reduced plasma density, particularly in the edge and the SOL, increased pedestal electron and ion temperature, improved energy confinement and the suppression of ELMs in the H-mode. However, with improvements in confinement and suppression of ELMs, there was a significant secular increase in the effective ion charge Zeff and the radiated power in H-mode plasmas as a result of increases in the carbon and medium-Z metallic impurities. Lithium itself remained at a very low level in the plasma core, Lithium Divertor (LLD) recently installed.

H.W. Kugel, M.G. Bell, J.P. Allain, R.E. Bell, S. Ding, S.P. Gerhardt, M.A. Jaworski, R. Kaita, J. Kallman, S.M. Kaye, B.P. LeBlanc, R. Maingi, R. Majeski, R. Maqueda, D.K. Mansfield, D. Mueller, R. Nygren, S.F. Paul, R. Raman, A.L. Roquemore, S.A. Sabbagh, H. Schneider, C.H. Skinner, V.A. Soukhanovskii, C.N. Taylor, J.R. Timberlak, W.R. Wampler, L.E. Zakharov, S.J. Zweben, and the NSTX Research Team

2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

269

Lithium Droplet Injector......Inventors ..--..Lane Roquemore...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of edge-localized plasma modes, and replenishing lithium coatings of plasma facing components during a plasma operations of a fusion reactor. No.: M-848 Inventor(s): A. L Roquemore...

270

Investigation of Interactions between Lithium Iron Phosphate ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this talk, we present an application of a particle-level model to simulate experiments that involve two isotopes of lithium, 6Li and 7Li. By measuring the 6Li and...

271

Layered electrodes for lithium cells and batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Lithium metal oxide compounds of nominal formula Li.sub.2MO.sub.2, in which M represents two or more positively charged metal ions, selected predominantly and preferably from the first row of transition metals are disclosed herein. The Li.sub.2MO.sub.2 compounds have a layered-type structure, which can be used as positive electrodes for lithium electrochemical cells, or as a precursor for the in-situ electrochemical fabrication of LiMO.sub.2 electrodes. The Li.sub.2MO.sub.2 compounds of the invention may have additional functions in lithium cells, for example, as end-of-discharge indicators, or as negative electrodes for lithium cells.

Johnson, Christopher S. (Naperville, IL); Thackeray, Michael M. (Naperville, IL); Vaughey, John T. (Elmhurst, IL); Kahaian, Arthur J. (Chicago, IL); Kim, Jeom-Soo (Naperville, IL)

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

272

California Lithium Battery, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

California California Lithium Battery, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 626 likes California Lithium Battery, Inc. Argonne National Laboratory California Lithium Battery ("CALBattery") is a start-up California company established in 2011 to develop and manufacture a breakthrough high energy density and long cycle life lithium battery for utility energy storage, transportation, and defense industries. The company is a joint venture between California-based Ionex Energy Storage Systems and CALiB Power. US production of this advanced Very Large Format (400Ah+) si-graphene LI-ion battery is scheduled to start in California in 2014. Plans are to produce the initial batteries for CALBattery JV partner Ionex Energy Storage Systems for use in 1-100MW grid scale energy storage

273

California Lithium Battery, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

California California Lithium Battery, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 626 likes California Lithium Battery, Inc. Argonne National Laboratory California Lithium Battery ("CALBattery") is a start-up California company established in 2011 to develop and manufacture a breakthrough high energy density and long cycle life lithium battery for utility energy storage, transportation, and defense industries. The company is a joint venture between California-based Ionex Energy Storage Systems and CALiB Power. US production of this advanced Very Large Format (400Ah+) si-graphene LI-ion battery is scheduled to start in California in 2014. Plans are to produce the initial batteries for CALBattery JV partner Ionex Energy Storage Systems for use in 1-100MW grid scale energy storage

274

Lithium Hectorite Clay as the Ionic Conductor in LiCoO2 Cathodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium Hectorite Clay as the Ionic Conductor in LiCoO2 Cathodes Michael W. Riley,* Peter S. Fedkiw Carolina 27695-7905, USA Cathodes based on LiCoO2 that contain various lithium-conducting species lithium hectorite, lithium Laponite, and lithium- exchanged Nafion are studied in conjunction with lithium metal

Khan, Saad A.

275

DOI: 10.1002/chem.200((......)) Deprotonative Metalation of Functionalized Aromatics using Mixed Lithium-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using Mixed Lithium- Cadmium, Lithium-Indium, and Lithium-Zinc Species Katia Snégaroff,[a] Jean similarly dideprotonated at room temperature. The aromatic lithium cadmates thus obtained were involved · cadmium · lithium · cross-coupling · ab initio calculations Introduction Lithium bases

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

276

Design and simulation of lithium rechargeable batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lithium -based rechargeable batteries that utilize insertion electrodes are being considered for electric-vehicle applications because of their high energy density and inherent reversibility. General mathematical models are developed that apply to a wide range of lithium-based systems, including the recently commercialized lithium-ion cell. The modeling approach is macroscopic, using porous electrode theory to treat the composite insertion electrodes and concentrated solution theory to describe the transport processes in the solution phase. The insertion process itself is treated with a charge-transfer process at the surface obeying Butler-Volmer kinetics, followed by diffusion of the lithium ion into the host structure. These models are used to explore the phenomena that occur inside of lithium cells under conditions of discharge, charge, and during periods of relaxation. Also, in order to understand the phenomena that limit the high-rate discharge of these systems, we focus on the modeling of a particular system with well-characterized material properties and system parameters. The system chosen is a lithium-ion cell produced by Bellcore in Red Bank, NJ, consisting of a lithium-carbon negative electrode, a plasticized polymer electrolyte, and a lithium-manganese-oxide spinel positive electrode. This battery is being marketed for consumer electronic applications. The system is characterized experimentally in terms of its transport and thermodynamic properties, followed by detailed comparisons of simulation results with experimental discharge curves. Next, the optimization of this system for particular applications is explored based on Ragone plots of the specific energy versus average specific power provided by various designs.

Doyle, C.M.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Electrochemical modeling of lithium polymer batteries.  

SciTech Connect

An electrochemical model for lithium polymer cells was developed and a parameter set for the model was measured using a series of laboratory experiments. Examples are supplied to demonstrate the capabilities of the electrochemical model to obtain the concentration, current, and potential distributions in lithium polymer cells under complex cycling protocols. The modeling results are used to identify processes that limit cell performance and for optimizing cell design. Extension of the electrochemical model to examine two-dimensional studies is also described.

Dees, D. W.; Battaglia, V. S.; Belanger, A.; Chemical Engineering; Inst. de recherche d' Hydro-Quebec

2002-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

278

Rechargeable lithium-ion cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to a rechargeable lithium-ion cell, a method for its manufacture, and its application. The cell is distinguished by the fact that it has a metallic housing (21) which is electrically insulated internally by two half shells (15), which cover electrode plates (8) and main output tabs (7) and are composed of a non-conductive material, where the metallic housing is electrically insulated externally by means of an insulation coating. The cell also has a bursting membrane (4) which, in its normal position, is located above the electrolyte level of the cell (1). In addition, the cell has a twisting protection (6) which extends over the entire surface of the cover (2) and provides centering and assembly functions for the electrode package, which comprises the electrode plates (8).

Bechtold, Dieter (Bad Vilbel, DE); Bartke, Dietrich (Kelkheim, DE); Kramer, Peter (Konigstein, DE); Kretzschmar, Reiner (Kelkheim, DE); Vollbert, Jurgen (Hattersheim, DE)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Electrode for a lithium cell  

SciTech Connect

This invention relates to a positive electrode for an electrochemical cell or battery, and to an electrochemical cell or battery; the invention relates more specifically to a positive electrode for a non-aqueous lithium cell or battery when the electrode is used therein. The positive electrode includes a composite metal oxide containing AgV.sub.3O.sub.8 as one component and one or more other components consisting of LiV.sub.3O.sub.8, Ag.sub.2V.sub.4O.sub.11, MnO.sub.2, CF.sub.x, AgF or Ag.sub.2O to increase the energy density of the cell, optionally in the presence of silver powder and/or silver foil to assist in current collection at the electrode and to improve the power capability of the cell or battery.

Thackeray, Michael M. (Naperville, IL); Vaughey, John T. (Elmhurst, IL); Dees, Dennis W. (Downers Grove, IL)

2008-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

280

SOLID STATE NMR STUDY SUPPORTING THE LITHIUM VACANCY DEFECT MODEL IN CONGRUENT LITHIUM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@ Pergamon SOLID STATE NMR STUDY SUPPORTING THE LITHIUM VACANCY DEFECT MODEL IN CONGRUENT LITHIUM Nouember 1993; accepted I March 1994) Abstract-e3Nb and 7Li wideline- as well as MAS-NMR measurements were could be reduced to 0.6kHz by using MAS-NMR with a rotational lrequency of 4000Hz, thsre was no second 7

Bluemel, Janet

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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281

Application of SVM-RFE on EEG signals for detecting the most relevant scalp regions linked to affective valence processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, event related potentials (ERPs) induced by visual stimuli categorized with different value of affective valence are studied. EEG signals are recorded during visualization of selected pictures belonging to International Affective Picture ... Keywords: Affective valence, Brain oscillations, EEG, Feature extraction, Morlet wavelet, SVM-RFE

A. R. Hidalgo-MuOz; M. M. LPez; I. M. Santos; A. T. Pereira; M. VZquez-Marrufo; A. Galvao-Carmona; A. M. Tom

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

An automatic method of creating valency entries using plain bilingual dictionaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce a fully automatic method to extend an existing rich bilingual valency dictionary by using information from multiple plain bilingual dictionaries. We evaluate our method using a translation regression test, and get an improvement of 7%. 1

Sanae Fujita; Francis Bond

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Reducing Foreign Lithium Dependence through Co-Production of Lithium from Geothermal Brine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Foreign Lithium Dependence through Co-Production of Lithium from Foreign Lithium Dependence through Co-Production of Lithium from Geothermal Brine Kerry Klein 1 , Linda Gaines 2 1 New West Technologies LLC, Washington, DC, USA 2 Center for Transportation Research, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA KEYWORDS Mineral extraction, zinc, silica, strategic metals, Imperial Valley, lithium ion batteries, electric- drive vehicles, battery recycling ABSTRACT Following a 2009 investment of $32.9 billion in renewable energy and energy efficiency research through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, President Obama in his January 2011 State of the Union address promised deployment of one million electric vehicles by 2015 and 80% clean energy by 2035. The United States seems poised to usher in its bright energy future,

284

A Lithium Getter Pump System ---- nventors Richard Majeski, Eugene...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Lithium Getter Pump System ---- nventors Richard Majeski, Eugene Kearns, and John Schmitt This invention is a device to pump volatile gases that bond to lithium in a high vacuum...

285

Low hole polaron migration barrier in lithium peroxide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present computational evidence of polaronic hole trapping and migration in lithium peroxide (Li[subscript 2]O[subscript 2]), a material of interest in lithium-air batteries. We find that the hole forms in the ?* antibonding ...

Ong, Shyue Ping

286

Materials Challenges and Opportunities of Lithium Ion Battery ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Lithium ion batteries have revolutionized the portable electronics market, ... Cost, safety, and energy and power densities are some of the major issues in ... Analysis of Cycling Induced Fatigue in Electrode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries.

287

Chemical Lithium Intercalation into Nano-Structured Anatase and  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolution of lithium intercalation into nano-structured TiO2 is studied by 6Li NMR, XRD and TEM studies. The intercalation of lithium into rutile ...

288

Ceramic-Metal Composites for Electrodes of Lithium Ion ...  

Ceramic-Metal Composites for Electrodes of Lithium Ion Batteries ... Applications and Industries. Anodes for primary and secondary (rechargeable) ...

289

High Rate Performing lithium-ion Batteries - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Nanostructured Materials for Rechargeable Batteries and for Supercapacitors, II. Presentation Title, High Rate Performing lithium-ion Batteries.

290

Negative Electrodes Improve Safety in Lithium Cells and Batteries...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Negative Electrodes Improve Safety in Lithium Cells and Batteries Technology available for licensing: Enhanced stability at a lower cost negativeelectrodes...

291

Advanced Lithium Ion Battery Technologies - Energy Innovation Portal  

The Berkeley Lab technology contributes to improved battery safety by circumventing lithium metal dendrite formation. Benefits. ... hybrid electric vehicles;

292

Multilayer Graphene-Silicon Structures for Lithium Ion Battery ...  

Automotive industry: electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles; High performance lithium ion battery manufacturers; Aerospace industry, for lightweight power storage;

293

Methods for making lithium vanadium oxide electrode materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of making vanadium oxide formulations is presented. In one method of preparing lithium vanadium oxide for use as an electrode material, the method involves: admixing a particulate form of a lithium compound and a particulate form of a vanadium compound; jet milling the particulate admixture of the lithium and vanadium compounds; and heating the jet milled particulate admixture at a temperature below the melting temperature of the admixture to form lithium vanadium oxide.

Schutts, Scott M. (Menomonie, WI); Kinney, Robert J. (Woodbury, MN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Conductive Binder for Lithium Ion Battery Electrode - IB-2643 ...  

The Berkeley Lab electrode technology contributes to improved battery safety by circumventing lithium metal dendrite ... Scalable manufacturing using ...

295

Lower Cost Lithium Ion Batteries From Aluminum Substituted ...  

Lower Cost Lithium Ion Batteries From Aluminum Substituted Cathode Materials Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Contact LBL About This Technology

296

Lithium based electrochemical cell systems having a degassing agent  

SciTech Connect

A lithium based electrochemical cell system includes a positive electrode; a negative electrode; an electrolyte; and a degassing agent.

Hyung, Yoo-Eup (Naperville, IL); Vissers, Donald R. (Naperville, IL); Amine, Khalil (Downers Grove, IL)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Non-Cross-Linked Gel Polymer Electrolytes for Lithium Ion ...  

Rechargeable lithium ion batteries for cellular phones, laptop computers and other consumer electronics; Batteries for electrically-powered vehicles;

298

Thin liquid lithium targets for high power density  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thin liquid lithium targets for high power density applications: heavy ion beam strippers and beta Hilton Malmö City #12;Outline Liquid Lithium Stripper idea for FRIB Brief theory of film stability Thickness measurement results Next Steps Beta-beams 2 #12;Liquid Lithium Stripper for FRIB: Advantages

McDonald, Kirk

299

Lithium Diisopropylamide-Mediated Enolization: Catalysis by Hemilabile Ligands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium Diisopropylamide-Mediated Enolization: Catalysis by Hemilabile Ligands Antonio Ramirez of a lithium diisopropylamide (LDA)-mediated ester enolization. Hemilabile amino ether MeOCH2CH2NMe2, binding-based catalysis are thwarted by the occlusion of the catalyst on the lithium salt products and byproducts (eq 1

Collum, David B.

300

Proposal on Lithium Wall Experiment (LWX) on PBXM 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proposal on Lithium Wall Experiment (LWX) on PBX­M 1 Leonid E. Zakharov, Princeton University; OUTLINE 1. Mini­conference on Lithium walls and low recycling regime. 2. PBX­M Capabilities. 3. Motivation "Lithium covered walls and low recycling regimes in toka­ maks". APS meeting, October 23­27, 2000, Quebec

Zakharov, Leonid E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Lithium intercalated graphite : experimental Compton profile for stage one  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L-301 Lithium intercalated graphite : experimental Compton profile for stage one G. Loupias, J différence des profils Compton est compatible avec un transfert total de l'électron de conduction du lithium électronique due à l'insertion. Abstract. 2014 Electron momentum distribution of the first stage lithium

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

302

Temperature dependence of the dielectric response of lithium niobate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Temperature dependence of the dielectric response of lithium niobate D. Xue, K. Betzler*, H. Hesse The dielectric response of lithium niobate is quantitatively calculated for different temperatures. Using of lithium niobate at 1.064 mm increases remarkably with increasing temperature. q 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd

Osnabrück, Universität

303

Lithium acetate transformation of yeast Maitreya Dunham August 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium acetate transformation of yeast Maitreya Dunham August 2004 Original protocol from Katja until the OD600 is around 0.7-0.8 (~7 hours). Spin down the cells. Resuspend in 5 ml lithium acetate mix. Spin. Resuspend in 0.5 ml lithium acetate mix. Transfer to an eppendorf tube. Incubate 60 minutes

Dunham, Maitreya

304

The Lithium-Ion Cell: Model, State Of Charge Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Lithium-Ion Cell: Model, State Of Charge Estimation and Battery Management System Tutor degradation mechanisms of a Li-ion cell based on LiCoO2", Journal of Power Sources #12;Lithium ions and e and Y. Fuentes. Computer simulations of a lithium-ion polymer battery and implications for higher

Schenato, Luca

305

Lithium Diisopropylamide Solvated by Hexamethylphosphoramide: Substrate-Dependent  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium Diisopropylamide Solvated by Hexamethylphosphoramide: Substrate-Dependent Mechanisms-1301 Received February 9, 2006; E-mail: dbc6@cornell.edu Abstract: Lithium diisopropylamide of lithium-ion solvation at a molecular level of resolution.5 Our interest in HMPA stems from studies

Collum, David B.

306

Lithium Insertion In Silicon Nanowires: An ab Initio Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium Insertion In Silicon Nanowires: An ab Initio Study Qianfan Zhang, Wenxing Zhang, Wenhui Wan, and § School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China ABSTRACT The ultrahigh specific lithium ion opportunities for energy storage. However, a systematic theoretical study on lithium insertion in SiNWs remains

Cui, Yi

307

RECOVERY AND SEPARATION OF LITHIUM VALUES FROM SALVAGE SOLUTIONS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Lithium values can be recovered from an aqueous basic solution by reacting the values with a phosphate salt soluble in the solution, forming an aqueous slurry of the resultant aqueous insoluble lithium phosphate, contacting the slurry with an organic cation exchange resin in the acid form until the slurry has been clarified, and thereafter recovering lithium values from the resin. (AEC)

Hansford, D.L.; Raabe, E.W.

1963-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

308

RESONANT FARADAY ROTATION IN A HOT LITHIUM VAPOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESONANT FARADAY ROTATION IN A HOT LITHIUM VAPOR By SCOTT RUSSELL WAITUKAITIS A Thesis Submitted: #12;Abstract I describe a study of Faraday rotation in a hot lithium vapor. I begin by dis- cussing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.3 The Lithium Oven and Solenoid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3 Theoretical Framework

Cronin, Alex D.

309

Use of Lithium Hexafluoroisopropoxide as a Mild Base for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use of Lithium Hexafluoroisopropoxide as a Mild Base for Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons Olefination The weak base lithium 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoroisopropoxide (LiHFI) is shown to be highly effective of base-sensitive substrates, leading to the discovery that lithium 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoroisopropoxide (Li

310

Liquid Lithium Wall Experiments in CDX-U R. Majeski,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liquid Lithium Wall Experiments in CDX-U R. Kaita, a R. Majeski, a S. Luckhardt, b R. Doerner, b M ABSTRACT The concept of a flowing lithium first wall for a fusion reactor may lead to a significant advance is intensely heated and well diagnosed, and an extensive liquid lithium plasma-facing surface will be used

311

Development of Whispering Gallery Mode Resonators in Lithium Niobate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of Whispering Gallery Mode Resonators in Lithium Niobate A thesis submitted in partial for the production of lithium niobate Whispering Gallery Mode Resonators (WGMRs) to be used in the generation in the form of a disk with a rounded edge. I have fabricated a lithium niobate WGMR with surface imperfections

Novikova, Irina

312

Version 1.0 Lithium hyper ne splitting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Version 1.0 Lithium hyper#12;ne splitting Krzysztof Pachucki #3; Institute of Theoretical Physics approach for the calculation of relativistic m#11; 6 corrections to the lithium ground state hyper#12;ne problem. We will concentrate on lithium as the simplest alkali-metal atom, for which several precise

Pachucki, Krzysztof

313

Tracking the lithium isotopic evolution of the mantle using carbonatites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tracking the lithium isotopic evolution of the mantle using carbonatites Ralf Halama a,, William F. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: lithium isotopes; carbonatites; mantle geochemistry 1. Introduction Lithium (Li) is an incompatible element that is typi- cally enriched 10 to 50-fold in crustal

Mcdonough, William F.

314

The Inside Story of the Lithium Ion Battery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Inside Story of the Lithium Ion Battery John Dunning, Research Scholar in Residence Daniel. #12;Separator Cathode:Anode: e-e- Li++e-+C6LiC6 Li+ Lithium-ion battery e- Binder Conductive additives with charging and discharging a lithium ion battery · Research available devices · Test device to verify

Sze, Lawrence

315

Accelerated Degradation Assessment of 18650 Lithium-Ion Batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power fade of lithium cells due to accelerated factors of temperature and charging-discharging rate was assessed. A lithium-ion battery aging model for predicting the power fade of 18650-size cells was applied, and then statistically accelerated degradation ... Keywords: accelerated degradation test, lithium-ion battery aging, power fade, state of charge (SOC)

Kuan-Jung Chung; Chueh-Chien Hsiao

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Virus-Enabled Silicon Anode for Lithium-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Virus-Enabled Silicon Anode for Lithium-Ion Batteries Xilin Chen, Konstantinos Gerasopoulos emerged as one of the most promising next-generation anode materials for lithium-ion batteries due to its with remarkable cycling stability. KEYWORDS: silicon anode · lithium-ion battery · Tobacco mosaic virus · physical

Ghodssi, Reza

317

Microstructural Modeling and Design of Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The cathode architectures and materials have a large influence on the performance of lithium-ion batteries battery design. The cathode of a lithium-ion battery is a large contributor to its overall performance power density and energy density of lithium-ion batteries. 1.3 Basic Ideal Cathode Structure

García, R. Edwin

318

Mechanical Properties of Lithium-Ion Battery Separator Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

facing Li-ion batteries · Increase energy & power density · Decrease cost · Increase operating lifeMechanical Properties of Lithium-Ion Battery Separator Materials Patrick Sinko B.S. Materials and motivation ­ Why study lithium-ion batteries? ­ Lithium-ion battery fundamentals ­ Why study the mechanical

Petta, Jason

319

Internal Rotation, Mixing and Lithium Abundances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium is an excellent tracer of mixing in stars as it is destroyed (by nuclear reactions) at a temperature around $\\sim 2.5\\times 10^6$ K. The lithium destruction zone is typically located in the radiative region of a star. If the radiative regions are stable, the observed surface value of lithium should remain constant with time. However, comparison of the meteoritic and photospheric Li abundances in the Sun indicate that the surface abundance of Li in the Sun has been depleted by more than two orders of magnitude. This is not predicted by solar models and is a long standing problem. Observations of Li in open clusters indicate that Li depletion is occurring on the main sequence. Furthermore, there is now compelling observational evidence that a spread of lithium abundances is present in nearly identical stars. This suggests that some transport process is occurring in stellar radiative regions. Helioseismic inversions support this conclusion, for they suggest that standard solar models need to be modified below the base of the convection zone. There are a number of possible theoretical explanations for this transport process. The relation between Li abundances, rotation rates and the presence of a tidally locked companion along with the observed internal rotation in the Sun indicate that the mixing is most likely induced by rotation. The current status of non-standard (particularly rotational) stellar models which attempt to account for the lithium observations are reviewed.

Brian Chaboyer

1998-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

320

Device for packaging a lithium battery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Battery packing construction is described for packaging at least one lithium battery, the lithium battery including a solid polymer electrolyte in electrical contact with an anode of lithium or a lithium alloy and a cathode containing at least one metallic salt, the device comprising a first metallic foil having a first continuous band of plastic film bonded thereto by means of a thermoset adhesive along entire peripheral edges of the first metallic foil, a second metallic foil having a second continuous band of plastic film bonded thereto by means of a thermoset adhesive along entire peripheral edges of the second metallic foil, the first and second metallic foils disposed over one another with the first and second plastic films arranged adjacent one another in facing relationship, the lithium battery being sandwiched between the first and the second metallic foils in space inside the first and the second continuous bands of plastic film with the anode in contact with one metallic foil and the cathode in contact with the other metallic foil, the first and second continuous bands of plastic film being imperviously heat-sealed together to prevent any outside substance to contact the battery.

Duval, M.; Giguere, Y.

1993-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Evaporated lithium surface coatings in NSTX.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two lithium evaporators were used to evaporate more than 100 g of lithium on to the NSTX lower divertor region. Prior to each discharge, the evaporators were withdrawn behind shutters, where they also remained during the subsequent HeGDC applied for periods up to 9.5 min. After the HeGDC, the shutters were opened and the LITERs were reinserted to deposit lithium on the lower divertor target for 10 min, at rates of 10-70 mg/min, prior to the next discharge. The major improvements in plasma performance from these lithium depositions include: (1) plasma density reduction as a result of lithium deposition; (2) suppression of ELMs; (3) improvement of energy confinement in a low-triangularity shape; (4) improvement in plasma performance for standard, high-triangularity discharges; (5) reduction of the required HeGDC time between discharges; (6) increased pedestal electron and ion temperature; (7) reduced SOL plasma density; and (8) reduced edge neutral density.

Zakharov, L. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Gates, D. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Menard, J. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Maingi, R. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Schneider, H. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Mueller, D. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Wampler, William R.; Roquemore, A. L. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Kallman, Jeffrey K. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Sabbagh, S. (Columbia University, New York, NY); LeBlanc, B. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Raman, R. (University of Washington, Seattle, WA); Ono, M. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Wilgren, J. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Allain, J.P. (Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN); Timberlake, J. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Stevenson, T. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Ross, P. W. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Majeski, R. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Kugel, Henry W. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Skinner, C. H. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Gerhardt, S. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Paul, S. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Bell, R. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Kaye, S. M. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Kaita, R. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Soukhanovskii, V. (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA); Bell, Michael G. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ); Mansfield, D. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ)

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Experimental studies of processing conditions for liquid lithium and solid lithium alloy fusion blankets  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A 50-gallon-capacity liquid lithium loop (Lithium Processing Test Loop, LPTL) has been constructed and brought into operation at the Argonne National Laboratory. This system contains experimental assemblies to study (a) lithium processing technology based on molten salt extraction, cold trapping, and getting trapping and (b) on-line hydrogen monitoring. An efficient electrolytic method, employing a porous sparged electrode, has been developed to recover hydrogen isotopes from the types of molten salts (e.g., LiF-LiCl-LiBr) selected for use in the salt-processing system on the LPTL. This method, when tested under realistic conditions, has demonstrated the potential for recovering tritium (from lithium) at the sub-wppm level. Results of cold-trap tests on the LPTL and of getter-trap tests on both the LPTL and a much smaller lithium loop have provided some evidence that these types of processing methods can be used to control oxygen and nitrogen levels in lithium. Studies of the hydridation of solid Li-Al and Li-Pb alloys have provided data on activity coefficients and phase boundary locations for these binary systems as functions of temperature and composition. The Sieverts' constants for dilute hydrogen solutions in LiAl (in wppm/Torr/sup 1/2/) were found to be 10/sup 3/ to 10/sup 4/ times smaller than those for hydrogen in pure lithium at the same temperature.

Weston, J. R.; Calaway, W. F.; Yonco, R. M.; Veleckis, E.; Maroni, V. A.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

High-performance batteries for off-peak energy storage and electric-vehicle propulsion. Progress report, January--June 1975. [Li--Al/KCl--LiCl/Fe sulfide, 42 kWh  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the research and management efforts, for the period January--June 1975, of Argonne National Laboratory's program on high-performance lithium/metal sulfide batteries. The batteries are being developed for two applications, off-peak energy storage in electric utility networks and electric-vehicle propulsion. The battery design for the two applications differ, particularly in cell configuration and electrode design, because of the differing performance requirements. The present cells are vertically oriented, prismatic cells with two negative electrodes of a solid lithium--aluminium alloy, a central positive electrode of iron sulfide (FeS/sub 2/ or FeS), and an electrolyte of LiCl--KCl eutectic (mp, 352/sup 0/C). The operating temperature of the cells is about 400--450/sup 0/C. Recent effort in the development of engineering-scale cells was focused on designing and fabricating vertically oriented, prismatic cells and on improving the lifetime capabilities of cells. Work on electrode development was directed toward the evaluation of the factors that influence the performance of the negative electrode and the development of new designs of vertical, prismatic iron sulfide electrodes. Materials studies included work on improving feedthroughs and separators, corrosion tests of candidate materials of construction, and postoperative examinations of cells. Cell chemistry studies included continuing investigations of cell reactions and the identification of advanced cell systems. Battery development work included the design of a battery for an electric automobile and the development of battery components. The transfer of Li--Al/FeS/sub x/ battery technology to industry is being implemented through contracts with industrial firms for the manufacture of components, electrodes, and cells.

Not Available

1976-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Characterization of lithium phosphorous oxynitride thin films  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electrical and electrochemical properties of an amorphous thin-film lithium electrolyte, lithium phosphorous oxynitride (Lipon), have been studied with emphasis on the stability window vs Li metal and the behavior of the Li/Lipon interface. Ion conductivity of Lipon exhibits Arrhenius behavior at {minus}26 to +140 C, with a conductivity of 1.7 {times} 10{sup {minus}6}S/cm at 25 C and an activity energy of 0.50 {plus_minus} 0.01 eV. A stability window of 5.5 V was observed with respect to a Li{sup +}/Li reference, and no detectable reaction or degradation was evident at the Li/Lipon interface upon lithium cycling.

Yu, Xiaohua; Bates, J.B.; Jellison, G.E. Jr.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Spinel electrodes for rechargeable lithium batteries.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper gives a historical account of the development of spinel electrodes for rechargeable lithium batteries. Research in the late 1970's and early 1980's on high-temperature . Li/Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} cells led to the evaluation of lithium spinels Li[B{sub 2}]X{sub 4} at room temperature (B = metal cation). This work highlighted the importance of the [B{sub 2}]X{sub 4}spinel framework as a host electrode structure and the ability to tailor the cell voltage by selection of different B cations. Examples of lithium-ion cells that operate with spinel anode/spinel cathode couples are provided. Particular attention is paid to spinels within the solid solution system Li{sub 1+x}Mn{sub 2-x}O{sub 4} (0 {le} x {le} 0.33).

Thackeray, M. M.

1999-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

326

Lithium metal reduction of plutonium oxide to produce plutonium metal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for the chemical reduction of plutonium oxides to plutonium metal by the use of pure lithium metal. Lithium metal is used to reduce plutonium oxide to alpha plutonium metal (alpha-Pu). The lithium oxide by-product is reclaimed by sublimation and converted to the chloride salt, and after electrolysis, is removed as lithium metal. Zinc may be used as a solvent metal to improve thermodynamics of the reduction reaction at lower temperatures. Lithium metal reduction enables plutonium oxide reduction without the production of huge quantities of CaO--CaCl.sub.2 residues normally produced in conventional direct oxide reduction processes.

Coops, Melvin S. (Livermore, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Rechargeable thin-film lithium batteries  

SciTech Connect

Rechargeable thin-film batteries consisting of lithium metal anodes, an amorphous inorganic electrolyte, and cathodes of lithium intercalation compounds have recently been developed. The batteries, which are typically less than 6-{mu}m thick, can be fabricated to any specified size, large or small, onto a variety of substrates including ceramics, semiconductors, and plastics. The cells that have been investigated include Li-TiS{sub 2}, Li-V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, and Li-Li{sub x}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 4}, with open circuit voltages at full charge of about 2.5, 3.6, and 4.2, respectively. The development of these batteries would not have been possible without the discovery of a new thin-film lithium electrolyte, lithium phosphorus oxynitride, that is stable in contact with metallic lithium at these potentials. Deposited by rf magnetron sputtering of Li{sub 3}PO{sub 4} in N{sub 2}, this material has a typical composition of Li{sub 2.9}PO{sub 3.3}N{sub 0.46} and a conductivity at 25{degrees}C of 2 {mu}S/cm. The maximum practical current density obtained from the thin-film cells is limited to about 100 {mu}A/cm{sup 2} due to a low diffusivity of Li{sup +} ions in the cathodes. In this work, the authors present a short review of their work on rechargeable thin-film lithium batteries.

Bates, J.B.; Gruzalski, G.R.; Dudney, N.J.; Luck, C.F.; Yu, Xiaohua

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Lithium intercalation in porous carbon anodes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Carbon foams derived from the phase separation of polyacrylonitrile/solvent mixtures were investigated as lithium intercalation anodes for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. The carbon foams have a bulk density of 0.35--0.5 g/cm{sup 3}, low surface area (< 50 m{sup 2}/g), and an average cell size of 5--10 {mu}m. Polyacrylonitrile-based carbon foams doped with phosphoric acid had capacity as high as 450 mAh/g. Carbon capacity increased with increasing phosphoric acid concentration in the doping solution. The doped porous carbon anodes exhibited good cyclability and excellent coulombic efficiency.

Tran, T.D.; Pekala, R.W. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States). Chemistry and Materials Science Dept.; Mayer, S.T. [Polystor Corp., Livermore, CA (United States)

1994-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

329

Electrolytic orthoborate salts for lithium batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Orthoborate salts suitable for use as electrolytes in lithium batteries and methods for making the electrolyte salts are provided. The electrolytic salts have one of the formulae (I). In this formula anionic orthoborate groups are capped with two bidentate chelating groups, Y1 and Y2. Certain preferred chelating groups are dibasic acid residues, most preferably oxalyl, malonyl and succinyl, disulfonic acid residues, sulfoacetic acid residues and halo-substituted alkylenes. The salts are soluble in non-aqueous solvents and polymeric gels and are useful components of lithium batteries in electrochemical devices.

Angell, Charles Austen (Mesa, AZ); Xu, Wu (Tempe, AZ)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Polymeric electrolytes for ambient temperature lithium batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new type of highly conductive Li{sup +} polymer electrolyte, referred to as the Innovision polymer electrolyte, is completely amorphous at room temperature and has an ionic conductivity in the range of 10{sup {minus}3} S/cm. This report discusses the electrochemical characteristics (lithium oxidation and reduction), conductivity, and physical properties of Innovision electrolytes containing various dissolved salts. These electrolytes are particularly interesting since they appear to have some of the highest room-temperature lithium ion conductivities yet observed among polymer electrolytes. 13 refs. 11 figs., 2 tabs.

Farrington, G.C. (Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Solid composite electrolytes for lithium batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Solid composite electrolytes are provided for use in lithium batteries which exhibit moderate to high ionic conductivity at ambient temperatures and low activation energies. In one embodiment, a polymer-ceramic composite electrolyte containing poly(ethylene oxide), lithium tetrafluoroborate and titanium dioxide is provided in the form of an annealed film having a room temperature conductivity of from 10.sup.-5 S cm.sup.-1 to 10.sup.-3 S cm.sup.-1 and an activation energy of about 0.5 eV.

Kumar, Binod (Dayton, OH); Scanlon, Jr., Lawrence G. (Fairborn, OH)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Multidimensional X-Ray Spectroscopy of Valence and Core Excitations in Cysteine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several nonlinear spectroscopy experiments which employ broadband x-ray pulses to probe the coupling between localized core and delocalized valence excitation are simulated for the amino acid cysteine at the K-edges of oxygen and nitrogen and the K and L-edges of sulfur. We focus on two dimensional (2D) and 3D signals generated by two- and three-pulse stimulated x-ray Raman spectroscopy (SXRS) with frequency-dispersed probe. We show how the four-pulse x-ray signals $\\boldsymbol{k}_\\mathrm{I}=-\\boldsymbol{k}_1+\\boldsymbol{k}_2+\\boldsymbol{k}_3$ and $\\boldsymbol{k}_\\mathrm{II}=\\boldsymbol{k}_1-\\boldsymbol{k}_2+\\boldsymbol{k}_3$ can give new 3D insight into the SXRS signals. The coupling between valence- and core-excited states can be visualized in three dimensional plots, revealing the origin of the polarizability that controls the simpler pump-probe SXRS signals.

Jason D. Biggs; Yu Zhang; Daniel Healion; Shaul Mukamel

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

333

Lithium-based Technologies | Y-12 National Security Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lithium-based Technologies Lithium-based Technologies Lithium-based Technologies Y-12's 60 years of rich lithium operational history and expertise make it the clear choice for deployment of new lithium-based technologies and capabilities. There is no other U.S. site, government or commercial, that comes close to the breadth of Y-12's lithium expertise and capabilities. The Y-12 National Security Complex supplies lithium, in unclassified forms, to customers worldwide through the DOE Office of Science, Isotope Business Office. Historically, the typical order of 6Li was only gram quantities used in research and development. However, over the past three years demand has increased steadily with typical orders of around 10-20 kg each. Such increase in demand is a direct result of the use of

334

Valence calculation of the electric polarizability on nHYP-Clover ensembles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present preliminary calculations for the electric polarizability of the neutral pion and neutron on three dynamically generated nHYP-Clover ensembles. We use two different pion masses ($m_{\\pi} \\simeq 300$ and 220 MeV) to gauge the chiral behavior. The effects of partial quenching are analyzed by computing a string of partial quenched valence masses for each ensemble. We also analyzed the volume dependence using elongated lattices, where the elongation is in the direction of the electric field.

Michael Lujan; Andrei Alexandru; Walter Freeman; Frank Lee

2013-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

335

Entangled valence electron-hole dynamics revealed by stimulated attosecond x-ray Raman scattering  

SciTech Connect

We show that broadband x-ray pulses can create wavepackets of valence electrons and holes localized in the vicinity of a selected atom (nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur in cysteine) by resonant stimulated Raman scattering. The subsequent dynamics reveals highly correlated motions of entangled electrons and hole quasiparticles. This information goes beyond the time-dependent total charge density derived from x-ray diffraction.

Healion, Daniel; Zhang, Yu; Biggs, Jason D.; Govind, Niranjan; Mukamel, Shaul

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

336

Lithium pellet production (LiPP): A device for the production of small spheres of lithium  

SciTech Connect

With lithium as a fusion material gaining popularity, a method for producing lithium pellets relatively quickly has been developed for NSTX. The Lithium Pellet Production device is based on an injector with a sub-millimeter diameter orifice and relies on a jet of liquid lithium breaking apart into small spheres via the Plateau-Rayleigh instability. A prototype device is presented in this paper and for a pressure difference of {Delta}P= 5 Torr, spheres with diameters between 0.91 < D < 1.37 mm have been produced with an average diameter of D= 1.14 mm, which agrees with the developed theory. Successive tests performed at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory with Wood's metal have confirmed the dependence of sphere diameter on pressure difference as predicted.

Fiflis, P.; Andrucyzk, D.; McGuire, M.; Curreli, D.; Ruzic, D. N. [Center for Plasma Material Interactions, Department of Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Roquemore, A. L. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08540 (United States)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

Nanostructured lithium-aluminum alloy electrodes for lithium-ion batteries.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electrodeposited aluminum films and template-synthesized aluminum nanorods are examined as negative electrodes for lithium-ion batteries. The lithium-aluminum alloying reaction is observed electrochemically with cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic cycling in lithium half-cells. The electrodeposition reaction is shown to have high faradaic efficiency, and electrodeposited aluminum films reach theoretical capacity for the formation of LiAl (1 Ah/g). The performance of electrodeposited aluminum films is dependent on film thickness, with thicker films exhibiting better cycling behavior. The same trend is shown for electron-beam deposited aluminum films, suggesting that aluminum film thickness is the major determinant in electrochemical performance regardless of deposition technique. Synthesis of aluminum nanorod arrays on stainless steel substrates is demonstrated using electrodeposition into anodic aluminum oxide templates followed by template dissolution. Unlike nanostructures of other lithium-alloying materials, the electrochemical performance of these aluminum nanorod arrays is worse than that of bulk aluminum.

Hudak, Nicholas S.; Huber, Dale L.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Lithium Polysulfidophosphates: A Family of Lithium-Conducting Sulfur-Rich Compounds for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries  

SciTech Connect

Given the great potential for improving the energy density of state-of-the-art lithium-ion batteries by a factor of 5, a breakthrough in lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries will have a dramatic impact in a broad scope of energy related fields. Conventional Li-S batteries that use liquid electrolytes are intrinsically short-lived with low energy efficiency. The challenges stem from the poor electronic and ionic conductivities of elemental sulfur and its discharge products. We report herein lithium polysulfidophosphates (LPSP), a family of sulfur-rich compounds, as the enabler of long-lasting and energy-efficient Li-S batteries. LPSP have ionic conductivities of 3.0 10-5 S cm-1 at 25 oC, which is 8 orders of magnitude higher than that of Li2S (~10-13 S cm-1). The high Li-ion conductivity of LPSP is the salient characteristic of these compounds that impart the excellent cycling performance to Li-S batteries. In addition, the batteries are configured in an all-solid state that promises the safe cycling of high-energy batteries with metallic lithium anodes.

Lin, Zhan [ORNL; Liu, Zengcai [ORNL; Fu, Wujun [ORNL; Dudney, Nancy J [ORNL; Liang, Chengdu [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

24 JOM May 1998 The lightest of all metals, lithium is used  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

24 JOM · May 1998 Overview Lithium The lightest of all metals, lithium is used in a variety- nesium, and as the anode in rechargeable lithium ion batteries. All of the world's pri- mary lithium is produced by molten salt electrolysis. This article reviews the current technology for lithium extraction

Sadoway, Donald Robert

340

NMR Spectroscopic Investigations of Mixed Aggregates Underlying Highly Enantioselective 1,2-Additions of Lithium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,2-Additions of Lithium Cyclopropylacetylide to Quinazolinones Rodney L. Parsons, Jr.,*, Joseph M. Fortunak Abstract: The solution structures of mixed aggregates derived from lithium alkoxides and lithium acetylides that mixtures of lithium cyclopropylacetylide (RCCLi), a (+)-carene-derived amino alkoxide (R*OLi), and lithium

Collum, David B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

REACTIVE FLOW IN LARGE-DEFORMATION ELECTRODES OF LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

8/3/2012 1 REACTIVE FLOW IN LARGE-DEFORMATION ELECTRODES OF LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES LAURENCE BRASSART;8/3/2012 2 1. Introduction In a lithium-ion battery, each electrode is a host of lithium. When the battery to 4.4 lithium atoms. By comparison, in the commonly used anodes in lithium-ion batteries made

Suo, Zhigang

342

Guidance on the use of Lithium Batteries in NERC Version 1.0 8th  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a lithium or lithium ion battery fire. · Use plenty of water as a fine spray to swamp and wash away spiltGuidance on the use of Lithium Batteries in NERC Version 1.0 8th March 2007 1. Introduction Lithium. There are several types of lithium batteries but they are all high energy power sources and all are potentially

Edinburgh, University of

343

Masses of mesons with charm valence quarks from 2+1+1 flavor twisted mass lattice QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present preliminary results of an ongoing lattice QCD computation of the spectrum of $D$ mesons and $D_s$ mesons and of charmonium using 2+1+1 flavors of twisted mass sea and valence quarks.

Martin Kalinowski; Marc Wagner

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

344

Thin-film rechargeable lithium batteries  

SciTech Connect

Rechargeable thin-films batteries with lithium metal anodes, an amorphous inorganic electrolyte, and cathodes of lithium intercalation compounds have been fabricated and characterized. The cathodes include TiS{sub 2}, the {omega} phase of V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, and the cubic spinel Li{sub x}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 4} with open circuit voltages at full charge of about 2.5 V, 3.7 V, and 4.2 V, respectively. The development of these robust cells, which can be cycled thousands of times, was possible because of the stability of the amorphous lithium electrolyte, lithium phosphorus oxynitride. This material has a typical composition of Li{sub 2.9}PO{sub 3.3}N{sub 0.46} and a conductivity at 25 C of 2 {mu}S/cm. Thin-film cells have been cycled at 100% depth of discharge using current densities of 2 to 100 {mu}A/cm{sup 2}. The polarization resistance of the cells is due to the slow insertion rate of Li{sup +} ions into the cathode. Chemical diffusion coefficients for Li{sup +} ions in the three types of cathodes have been estimated from the analysis of ac impedance measurements.

Bates, J.B.; Gruzalski, G.R.; Dudney, N.J.; Luck, C.F.; Yu, X.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Rechargeable thin-film lithium batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rechargeable thin-film batteries consisting of lithium metal anodes, an amorphous inorganic electrolyte, and cathodes of lithium intercalation compounds have been fabricated and characterized. These include Li-TiS{sub 2}, Li-V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, and Li-Li{sub x}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 4} cells with open circuit voltages at full charge of about 2.5 V, 3.7 V, and 4.2 V, respectively. The realization of these robust cells, which can be cycled thousands of times, was possible because of the stability of the amorphous lithium electrolyte, lithium phosphorus oxynitride. This material has a typical composition of Li{sub 2.9}PO{sub 3.3}N{sub 0.46}and a conductivity at 25 C of 2 {mu}S/cm. The thin-film cells have been cycled at 100% depth of discharge using current densities of 5 to 100 {mu}A/cm{sup 2}. Over most of the charge-discharge range, the internal resistance appears to be dominated by the cathode, and the major source of the resistance is the diffusion of Li{sup +} ions from the electrolyte into the cathode. Chemical diffusion coefficients were determined from ac impedance measurements.

Bates, J.B.; Gruzalski, G.R.; Dudney, N.J.; Luck, C.F.; Yu, X.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Electrothermal Analysis of Lithium Ion Batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents the electrothermal analysis and testing of lithium ion battery performance. The objectives of this report are to: (1) develop an electrothermal process/model for predicting thermal performance of real battery cells and modules; and (2) use the electrothermal model to evaluate various designs to improve battery thermal performance.

Pesaran, A.; Vlahinos, A.; Bharathan, D.; Duong, T.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Lithium in LP 944-20  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new estimate of the lithium abundance in the atmosphere of the brown dwarf LP 944-20. Our analysis is based on a self-consistent analysis of low, intermediate and high resolution optical and near-infrared spectra. We obtain log N(Li) = 3.25 +/-0.25 using fits of our synthetic spectra to the Li I resonance line doublet profiles observed with VLT/UVES and AAT/SPIRAL. This lithium abundance is over two orders of magnitude larger than previous estimates in the literature. In order to obtain good fits of the resonance lines of K I and Rb I and better fits to the TiO molecular absorption around the Li I resonance line, we invoke a semi-empirical model atmosphere with the dusty clouds located above the photosphere. The lithium abundance, however, is not changed by the effects of the dusty clouds. We discuss the implications of our estimate of the lithium abundance in LP 944-20 for the understanding of the properties of this benchmark brown dwarf.

Ya. V. Pavlenko; H. R. A. Jones; E. L. Martin; E. Guenther; M. A. Kenworthy; M. R. Zapatero Osorio

2007-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

348

THE DIFFUSION OF LITHIUM IN ALUMINUM  

SciTech Connect

The diffusion of lithium in aluminum was measured at various temperatures with diffusion couples of aluminum-LiAl. The activation energy, E, is 33.3 kcal/mol, and the diffusion factor, Do, is 4.5 cm{sup2}/sec. (auth)

Costas, L. P.

1963-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

349

Thin-film Rechargeable Lithium Batteries  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Rechargeable thin films batteries with lithium metal anodes, an amorphous inorganic electrolyte, and cathodes of lithium intercalation compounds have been fabricated and characterized. The cathodes include TiS{sub 2}, the {omega} phase of V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, and the cubic spinel Li{sub x}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 4} with open circuit voltages at full charge of about 2.5 V, 3.7 V, and 4.2 V, respectively. The development of these robust cells, which can be cycled thousands of times, was possible because of the stability of the amorphous lithium electrolyte, lithium phosphorus oxynitride. This material has a typical composition of Li{sub 2.9}PO{sub 3.3}N{sub 0.46} and a conductivity at 25 C of 2 {mu}S/cm. Thin film cells have been cycled at 100% depth of discharge using current densities of 2 to 100 {mu}A/cm{sup 2}. The polarization resistance of the cells is due to the slow insertion rate of Li{sup +} ions into the cathode. Chemical diffusion coefficients for Li{sup +} ions in the three types of cathodes have been estimated from the analysis of ac impedance measurements.

Bates, J. B.; Gruzalski, G. R.; Dudney, N. J.; Luck, C. F.; Yu, X.

1993-11-00T23:59:59.000Z

350

Ionic liquids for rechargeable lithium batteries  

SciTech Connect

We have investigated possible anticipated advantages of ionic-liquid electrolytes for use in lithium-ion batteries. Thermal stabilities and phase behavior were studied by thermal gravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry. The ionic liquids studied include various imidazoliumTFSI systems, pyrrolidiniumTFSI, BMIMPF{sub 6}, BMIMBF{sub 4}, and BMIMTf. Thermal stabilities were measured for neat ionic liquids and for BMIMBF{sub 4}-LiBF{sub 4}, BMIMTf-LiTf, BMIMTFSI-LiTFSI mixtures. Conductivities have been measured for various ionic-liquid lithium-salt systems. We show the development of interfacial impedance in a Li|BMIMBF{sub 4} + LiBF{sub 4}|Li cell and we report results from cycling experiments for a Li|BMIMBF{sub 4} + 1 mol/kg LIBF{sub 4}|C cell. The interfacial resistance increases with time and the ionic liquid reacts with the lithium electrode. As expected, imidazolium-based ionic liquids react with lithium electrodes. We seek new ionic liquids that have better chemical stabilities.

Salminen, Justin; Papaiconomou, Nicolas; Kerr, John; Prausnitz,John; Newman, John

2005-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

351

Implications of NSTX Lithium Results for Magnetic Fusion Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lithium wall coating techniques have been experimentally explored on NSTX for the last five years. The lithium experimentation on NSTX started with a few milligrams of lithium injected into the plasma as pellets and it has evolved to a lithium evaporation system which can evaporate up to ~ 100 g of lithium onto the lower divertor plates between lithium reloadings. The unique feature of the lithium research program on NSTX is that it can investigate the effects of lithium in H-mode divertor plasmas. This lithium evaporation system thus far has produced many intriguing and potentially important results; the latest of these are summarized in a companion paper by H. Kugel. In this paper, we suggest possible implications and applications of the NSTX lithium results on the magnetic fusion research which include electron and global energy confinement improvements, MHD stability enhancement at high beta, ELM control, H-mode power threshold reduction, improvements in radio frequency heating and non-inductive plasma start-up performance, innovative divertor solutions and improved operational efficiency.

M. Ono, M.G. Bell, R.E. Bell, R. Kaita, H.W. Kugel, B.P. LeBlanc, J.M. Canik, S. Diem, S.P.. Gerhardt, J. Hosea, S. Kaye, D. Mansfield, R. Maingi, J. Menard, S. F. Paul, R. Raman, S.A. Sabbagh, C.H. Skinner, V. Soukhanovskii, G. Taylor, and the NSTX Research Team

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

352

Lithium Depletion of Nearby Young Stellar Associations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We estimate cluster ages from lithium depletion in five pre-main-sequence groups found within 100 pc of the Sun: TW Hydrae Association, Eta Chamaeleontis Cluster, Beta Pictoris Moving Group, Tucanae-Horologium Association and AB Doradus Moving Group. We determine surface gravities, effective temperatures and lithium abundances for over 900 spectra through least squares fitting to model-atmosphere spectra. For each group, we compare the dependence of lithium abundance on temperature with isochrones from pre-main-sequence evolutionary tracks to obtain model dependent ages. We find that the Eta Chamaelontis Cluster and the TW Hydrae Association are the youngest, with ages of 12+/-6 Myr and 12+/-8 Myr, respectively, followed by the Beta Pictoris Moving Group at 21+/-9 Myr, the Tucanae-Horologium Association at 27+/-11 Myr, and the AB Doradus Moving Group at an age of at least 45 Myr (where we can only set a lower limit since the models -- unlike real stars -- do not show much lithium depletion beyond this age). Here, the ordering is robust, but the precise ages depend on our choice of both atmospheric and evolutionary models. As a result, while our ages are consistent with estimates based on Hertzsprung-Russell isochrone fitting and dynamical expansion, they are not yet more precise. Our observations do show that with improved models, much stronger constraints should be feasible: the intrinsic uncertainties, as measured from the scatter between measurements from different spectra of the same star, are very low: around 10 K in effective temperature, 0.05 dex in surface gravity, and 0.03 dex in lithium abundance.

Erin Mentuch; Alexis Brandeker; Marten H. van Kerkwijk; Ray Jayawardhana; Peter H. Hauschildt

2008-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

353

Better Lithium-Ion Batteries Are On The Way From Berkeley Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lithium-Ion Batteries A Better Lithium-ion Battery on the Way Simulations Reveal How New Polymer Absorbs Eight Times the Lithium of Current Designs September 23, 2011 Paul Preuss,...

354

Synthesis and Characterization of Simultaneous Electronic and Ionic Conducting Block Copolymers for Lithium Battery Electrodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

9 Figure 1.9. Schematic of a traditional lithium-ion batterythan traditional lithium-ion battery batteries. OrganicBattery Design A lithium-ion battery consists of a negative

Patel, Shrayesh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Performance Characteristics of Lithium-ion Batteries of Various Chemistries for Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for vehicle applications. 2 Lithium-ion battery chemistriesThe lithium-ion battery technology used for consumerfrom EIG Figure 4: Lithium-ion battery modules for testing

Burke, Andrew; Miller, Marshall

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Performance, Charging, and Second-use Considerations for Lithium Batteries for Plug-in Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Miller, M. , Emerging Lithium-ion Battery Technologies forMid-size Full (1) Lithium-ion battery with an energy densitypresent study. The lithium-ion battery technology used for

Burke, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Solid state thin film battery having a high temperature lithium alloy anode  

SciTech Connect

An improved rechargeable thin-film lithium battery involves the provision of a higher melting temperature lithium anode. Lithium is alloyed with a suitable solute element to elevate the melting point of the anode to withstand moderately elevated temperatures.

Hobson, David O. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Variational Calculations on the Lithium Atom The electronic structure of lithium is 1s22s1. The hydrogenic 1s and 2s orbitals are as follows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Variational Calculations on the Lithium Atom The electronic structure of lithium is 1s22s1 = If these orbitals are used the variational expression for the lithium atom energy is given below. Nuclear charge: Z 3:= Seed value for : Z:= Define variational integral for lithium: E ( ) 2 2 Z - 5 8 + 2 8 + Z 4

Rioux, Frank

359

Lithium 2,2,6,6-Tetramethylpiperidide and Lithium 2,2,4,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidide: Influence of TMEDA and Related  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium 2,2,6,6-Tetramethylpiperidide and Lithium 2,2,4,6,6-Pentamethylpiperidide: Influence,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidide (LiTMP) and the conformationally locked (but otherwise isostructural) lithium 2 and conformational preferences of lithium 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidide (LiTMP) in the solid state studied by Lappert

Collum, David B.

360

Variational Calculations on the Lithium Atom The electronic structure of lithium is 1s 22s1. The hydrogenic 1s and 2s orbitals are as follows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Variational Calculations on the Lithium Atom The electronic structure of lithium is 1s 22s1 = If these orbitals are used the variational expression for the lithium atom energy is given below. Nuclear charge: Z 3:= Seed value for : Z:= Define variational integral for lithium: E ( ) 2 2 Z - 5 8 + 2 8 + Z 4

Rioux, Frank

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Polymers with Tailored Electronic Structure for High Capacity Lithium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Polymers with Tailored Electronic Structure for High Capacity Lithium Polymers with Tailored Electronic Structure for High Capacity Lithium Battery Electrodes Title Polymers with Tailored Electronic Structure for High Capacity Lithium Battery Electrodes Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Liu, Gao, Shidi Xun, Nenad Vukmirovic, Xiangyun Song, Paul Olalde-Velasco, Honghe Zheng, Vince S. Battaglia, Linwang Wang, and Wanli Yang Journal Advanced Materials Volume 23 Start Page 4679 Issue 40 Pagination 4679 - 4683 Date Published 10/2011 Keywords binders, conducting polymers, density funcational theory, lithium batteries, X-ray spectroscopy Abstract A conductive polymer is developed for solving the long-standing volume change issue in lithium battery electrodes. A combination of synthesis, spectroscopy and simulation techniques tailors the electronic structure of the polymer to enable in situ lithium doping. Composite anodes based on this polymer and commercial Si particles exhibit 2100 mAh g-1 in Si after 650 cycles without any conductive additive.

362

Lithium In Tufas Of The Great Basin- Exploration Implications For  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

In Tufas Of The Great Basin- Exploration Implications For In Tufas Of The Great Basin- Exploration Implications For Geothermal Energy And Lithium Resources Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Lithium In Tufas Of The Great Basin- Exploration Implications For Geothermal Energy And Lithium Resources Details Activities (8) Areas (4) Regions (0) Abstract: Lithium/magnesium, lithium/sodium, and to a lesser extent, potassium/magnesium ratios in calcium carbonate tufa columns provide a fingerprint for distinguishing tufa columns formed from thermal spring waters versus those formed from non-thermal spring waters. These ratios form the basis of the Mg/Li, Na/Li, and K/Mg fluid geothermometers commonly used in geothermal exploration, which are based on the fact that at elevated temperatures, due to mineral-fluid equilibria, lithium

363

Transition-metal oxides, sulphide and sulphur composites for lithium batteries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Lithium batteries are important energy storage systems and can make energy storage and usage more efficient than with previous solutions. Moreover, among the lithium batteries, (more)

Lu, Lin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Model for the Fabrication of Tailored Materials for Lithium-Ion...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Model for the Fabrication of Tailored Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries Technology available for licensing: Safe, stable and high-capacity cathodes for lithium-ion batteries...

365

TransForum v8n2 - Advanced Lithium Battery Conference  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lithium batteries for transportation applications, organizers from the U.S., Japan and Korea jointly initiated the conference. Among available battery technologies, lithium-ion...

366

Layered carbon lattices and their influence on the nature of lithium bonding in lithium intercalated carbon anodes.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ab initio molecular orbital calculations have been used to investigate the nature of lithium bonding in stage 1 lithium intercalated carbon anodes. This has been approximated by using layered carbon lattices such as coronene, (C{sub 24}H{sub 12}),anthracene, and anthracene substituted with boron. With two coronene carbon lattices forming a sandwich structure and intercalated with either 2, 3, 4 or 6 six lithiums, it has been found that the predominant mode of bonding for the lithium is at the carbon edge sites as opposed to bonding at interior carbon hexagon sites. Formation of all structures is thermodynamically allowed except for the two lithium case in which there is repulsion between the lattices. The optimized structure with six lithiums gives a reasonable approximation for the stage 1 lithium intercalated carbon anode. In this case the lithium to carbon ratio is 1:8 versus 1:6 occurring in the stage 1 graphite. The coronene lattices are eclipsed with a separation of 4.03 {angstrom}. However, there is a slight ruffling of the lattice. Separation between adjacent lithiums is either 3.32 {angstrom} or 2.98 {angstrom}. Even though the separation between lithiums is very small, composition of the molecular orbitals suggests that there is no lithium cluster formation. The highest occupied molecular orbitals are composed of a combination of lithium and carbon orbitals. In contrast, in the C{sub 60} fullerene lattice with three and five lithiums intercalated, there are molecular orbitals composed only of lithiums, indicative of cluster formation. For anthracene and boron substituted anthracene, lithium bonding takes place within the carbon hexagon sites. The separation between lithiums in a sandwich type structure with two anthracenes in the eclipsed conformation is 5.36 {angstrom}. The effect of boron in a carbon lattice has been evaluated by comparing the difference in behavior of a single anthracene lattice reacting with a dilithium cluster as compared to a 1, 4, 5, 8-tetraboroanthracene lattice. The effect of boron substitution is to increases lattice flexibility by allowing the lattice to twist and lithium to bond at adjacent hexagon sites. The thermodynamic feasibility of the reaction between the dilithium cluster and the boron substituted anthracene lattice is enhanced.

Scanlon, L.G.

1998-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

367

Solid lithium ion conducting electrolytes and methods of preparation  

SciTech Connect

A composition comprised of nanoparticles of lithium ion conducting solid oxide material, wherein the solid oxide material is comprised of lithium ions, and at least one type of metal ion selected from pentavalent metal ions and trivalent lanthanide metal ions. Solution methods useful for synthesizing these solid oxide materials, as well as precursor solutions and components thereof, are also described. The solid oxide materials are incorporated as electrolytes into lithium ion batteries.

Narula, Chaitanya K; Daniel, Claus

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

368

Lithium: Measurement of Young's Modulus and Yield Strength  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Lithium Collection Lens is used for anti-proton collection. In analyzing the structural behavior during operation, various material properties of lithium are often needed. properties such as density, coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity, specific heat, compressability, etc.; are well known. However, to the authors knowledge there is only one published source for Young's Modulus. This paper reviews the results from the testing of Young's Modulus and the yield strength of lithium at room temperature.

Ryan P Schultz

2002-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

369

METHOD FOR PRODUCING ISOTOPIC METHANES FROM LITHIUM CARBONATE AND LITHIUM HYDRIDE  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is descrlbed for the production of methane and for the production of methane containing isotopes of hydrogen and/or carbon. Finely divided lithium hydrlde and litldum carbonate reactants are mixed in intimate contact and subsequently compacted under pressures of from 5000 to 60,000 psl. The compacted lithium hydride and lithium carbenate reactunts are dispised in a gas collecting apparatus. Subsequently, the compact is heated to a temperature in the range 350 to 400 deg C whereupon a solid-solid reaction takes place and gaseous methane is evolved. The evolved methane is contaminated with gaseous hydrogen and a very small amount of CO/sub 2/; however, the desired methane product is separated from sald impurities by well known chemical processes, e.g., condensation in a cold trap. The product methane contalns isotopes of carbon and hydrogen, the Isotopic composition being determined by the carbon isotopes originally present In the lithium carbonate and the hydrogen isotopes originally present in the lithium hydride.

Frazer, J.W.

1959-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

370

Valence bond solid formalism for d-level one-way quantum computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The d-level or qudit one-way quantum computer (d1WQC) is described using the valence bond solid formalism and the generalised Pauli group. This formalism provides a transparent means of deriving measurement patterns for the implementation of quantum gates in the computational model. We introduce a new universal set of qudit gates and use it to give a constructive proof of the universality of d1WQC. We characterise the set of gates that can be performed in one parallel time step in this model.

Sean Clark

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

371

Simple Lithium Is Good For Many Surprises | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and even superconductivity at 17K. Nevertheless, the overall picture of the lithium phase diagram remained patchy, motivating a systematic study by researchers from The...

372

Solid-State Reaction Synthesis and Mechanism of Lithium Silicates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lithium silicates, Li4SiO4 and Li2SiO3, are recommended by many ITER research teams as the first...

373

Lithium Diffusion in Graphitic Carbon and Implications for the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon and Implications for the Rate Capability of Anodes Title Lithium Diffusion in Graphitic Carbon and Implications for the Rate Capability of Anodes Publication Type Journal...

374

"Stationary Flowing Liquid Lithium System For Pumping Out Atomic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stationary Flowing Liquid Lithium System For Pumping Out Atomic Hydrogen Isotopes and Ions" Leonid E. Zakharov and Charles Gentile The system is comprised of a stationary closed...

375

Edge Turbulence Velocity Changes with Lithium Coating on NSTX  

SciTech Connect

Lithium coating improves energy confinement and eliminates edge localized modes in NSTX, but the mechanism of this improvement is not yet well understood. We used the gas-puff-imaging (GPI) diagnostic on NSTX to measure the changes in edge turbulence which occurred during a scan with variable lithium wall coating, in order to help understand the reason for the confinement improvement with lithium. There was a small increase in the edge turbulence poloidal velocity and a decrease in the poloidal velocity fluctuation level with increased lithium. The possible effect of varying edge neutral density on turbulence damping was evaluated for these cases in NSTX. __________________________________________________

A. Cao, S.J. Zweben, D.P. Stotler, M. Bell, A. Diallo, S.M. Kaye and B. LeBlanc

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

376

Calorimetric Studies of Lithium Ion Cells and Their Constructing ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Commercial Lithium-ion pouch cells, several types of 18650 cylindrical cells and coin cells were cycled at different charge and discharge rates. Heat capacities...

377

ABAA - 6th International Conference on Advanced Lithium Batteries...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Directions to Argonne National Laboratory The 6th International Conference on Advanced Lithium Batteries for Automotive Applications will be held at the U.S. Department of Energy's...

378

Improved Lithium-Loaded Liquid Scintillators for Neutron Detection  

A liquid scintillator with a substantially increased lithium weight was developed byORNL researchers. Scintillators are widely used for the detection ...

379

Argonne CNM News: Hollow Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Lithium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hollow Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Lithium-Ion Battery Applications Hollow iron oxide nanoparticles Transmission electron micrograph of hollow iron oxide nanoparticles....

380

Vacuum Attachment for Collection of Lithium Powder ---- Inventor...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vacuum Attachment for Collection of Lithium Powder ---- Inventor(s) Hans Schneider and Stephan Jurczynski The Vacuum Attachment is part of an integrated system designed to collect...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Anodes Improve Safety and Performance in Lithium-ion Batteries ...  

Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries have become the battery of choice for everything from cell phones to electric cars, but there is still much room ...

382

CUBICON Materials that Outperform Lithium-Ion Batteries  

and high-energy system applications has resulted in substantial research and development activities. Lithium-ion batteries are a chief contender ...

383

Polymer Electrolytes for Rechargeable Lithium/Sulfur Batteries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With the rapid development of portable electronics, hybrid-electric and electric cars, there is great interest in utilization of sulfur as cathodes for rechargeable lithium batteries. (more)

Zhao, Yan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

High Capacity Lithium-Ion Battery Characterization for Vehicular Applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? A lithium-ion battery is one of the key research topics in energy storage technologies. Major characterization tests such as static capacity, open circuit voltage (more)

Ahmed, Sazzad Hossain

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

How use nanostructured materials effectively in rechargeable lithium ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, How use nanostructured materials effectively in rechargeable lithium/sulfur battery. Author(s), Sheng Shui Zhang. On-Site Speaker (Planned)...

386

Lithium-Ion Batteries: When Mechanics Meets Chemistry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Fatigue and Fracture of Thin Films and Nanomaterials. Presentation Title, Lithium-Ion Batteries: When Mechanics Meets Chemistry. Author(s), Joost...

387

Experimental Cell for Neutron Reflection on Lithium Manganese ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Experimental Cell for Neutron Reflection on Lithium Manganese Oxide to Study the Electrode/Electrolyte Interface. Author(s), Brian Kitchen.

388

Structural micro-porous carbon anode for rechargeable lithium ...  

A secondary battery having a rechargeable lithium-containing anode, a cathode and a separator positioned between the cathode and anode with an organic ...

389

High Energy Density Lithium Capacitors Using Carbon-Carbon ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate a lithium capacitor which is capable of achieving high energy ... 3D Nanostructured Bicontinuous Electrodes: Path to Ultra-High Power and...

390

High Power Performance Lithium Ion Battery - Energy Innovation Portal  

... Optimization of Acetylene Black Conductive Additive and Polyvinylidene Fluoride Composition for high Power Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Cells, The 211th ...

391

Electrode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries: A...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electrode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries: A New Synthetic Approach Technology available for licensing: New high-energy cathode materials for use in rechargeable...

392

Novel Redox Shuttles for Overcharge Protection of Lithium-Ion...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Novel Redox Shuttles for Overcharge Protection of Lithium-Ion Batteries Technology available for licensing: Electrolytes containing novel redox shuttles (electron transporters) for...

393

Intermetallic Electrodes Improve Safety and Performance in Lithium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intermetallic Electrodes Improve Safety and Performance in Lithium-Ion Batteries Technology available for licensing: A new class of intermetallic material that can be used as a...

394

Surface Modification Agents for Lithium-Ion Batteries | Argonne...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Surface Modification Agents for Lithium-Ion Batteries Technology available for licensing: A process to modify the surface of the active material used in an electrochemical device...

395

Novel Redox Shuttles for Overcharge Protection of Lithium-Ion ...  

Increases the safety of lithium-ion batteries; ... Electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles; Portable electronic devices; Medical devices; and

396

Materials and Processing for Lithium-Ion Batteries (Originally  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... safe and reliable lithium ion batteries will soon be on board hybrid electric and electric vehicles and connected to solar cells and windmills. However, safety of...

397

Global Lithium Availability: A Constraint for Electric Vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??There is disagreement on whether the supply of lithium is adequate to support a future global fleet of electric vehicles. We report a comprehensive analysis (more)

Medina, Pablo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Available Technologies: High Power Performance Lithium Ion Battery  

Cell 1, which has the highest binder (PVDF) to acetylene black ratio, displays the most favorable discharge ASI. Lithium ion batteries with high power ...

399

Novel Electrolyte Enables Stable Graphite Anodes in Lithium Ion Batteries  

Berkeley Lab researchers led by Gao Liu have developed an improved lithium ion battery electrolyte containing a solvent that remains liquid at typical ...

400

Available Technologies: Lithium / Sulfur Cells with Long Cycle ...  

A team of Berkeley Lab battery researchers led by Elton Cairns has invented an advanced lithium/sulfur (Li/S) cell that, for the first time, offers ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Nanostructured Sulfur Electrodes for Long-Life Lithium Batteries  

Berkeley Lab researcher Elton Cairns has developed a technology that addresses limitations of developing a commercial-grade lithium / sulfur battery. ...

402

Negative Electrodes Improve Safety in Lithium Cells and Batteries  

To help improve the stability and safety of lithium-ion batteries, Argonne researchers have developed a new intermetallic structure type that can be ...

403

NREL Evaluates Secondary Uses for Lithium Ion Vehicle Batteries  

NREL Evaluates Secondary Uses for Lithium Ion Vehicle Batteries ... of PHEVs and EVs is limited by the current high cost of Li-ion batteries.

404

Nanotube composite anode materials improve lithium-ion battery ...  

Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries are a critical technology for many applications, ... while simultaneously providing enhanced stability at a lower c ...

405

Advanced Lithium Ion Battery Materials for Fast Charging and ...  

Advanced Lithium Ion Battery Materials for Fast Charging and Improved Safety Technology Summary ... a great low cost substitute for cobalt, were

406

Surface-Modified Active Materials for Lithium Ion Battery ...  

Berkeley Lab researcher Gao Liu has developed a new fabrication technique for lithium ion battery electrodes that lowers binder cost without ...

407

The UC Davis Emerging Lithium Battery Test Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cell (Altairnano data) Battery cost considerations It is ofnot dominate the total battery cost. Note that in generala detailed lithium battery cost model that is applicable to

Burke, Andy; Miller, Marshall

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Lithium In Tufas Of The Great Basin- Exploration Implications...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

In Tufas Of The Great Basin- Exploration Implications For Geothermal Energy And Lithium Resources Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper:...

409

Hybrid Aluminum-Lithium Ion Battery having Enhanced Power Density  

Hybrid Aluminum-Lithium Ion Battery having Enhanced Power Density Note: The technology described above is an early stage opportunity. Licensing rights to this ...

410

Neutron Imaging Reveals Lithium Distribution - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

imaging instrument at Oak Ridge National Laboratory's High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) have successfully mapped the three-dimensional spatial distribution of lithium...

411

Students race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

skip to the main content Facebook Flickr RSS Twitter YouTube Students race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition | National Nuclear Security Administration Our...

412

NIST: Neutron Imaging of Lithium and Alkaline Batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the figure are tomographic slices through two different AA batteries after the ... imaging has been used to study a wound prismatic lithium-ion battery. ...

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

413

Solid Electrolyte Developed for Safer Lithium-Ion Batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 19, 2013 ... Today's lithium-ion batteries rely on a liquid electrolyte to conduct ions between the negatively charged anode and positive cathode.

414

Nanostructured Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries and for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013 ... Since lithium sources are concentrated in only few countries and sodium is available worldwide, there is interest to develop a Na-ion battery...

415

Lithium-Ion Batteries: Examining Material Demand and Recycling...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ISSUES Linda Gaines and Paul Nelson Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL Keywords: battery materials, lithium, recycling Abstract Use of vehicles with electric drive, which...

416

Observation of Lithium Ions at Atomic Resolution Using an ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Observation of Lithium Ions at Atomic Resolution Using an ... at atomic resolution in several important electrode materials for Li-ion batteries.

417

Nuclear Magnetism and Superconductivity: Investigations on Lithium and Rhodium.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis describes low temperature experiments on lithium. The experiments concentrate on investigating low temperature phase transitions of two subsystems in this metal: its nuclear (more)

Juntunen, Kirsi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Nuclear magnetism and superconductivity : investigations on lithium and rhodium.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis describes low temperature experiments on lithium. The experiments concentrate on investigating low temperature phase transitions of two subsystems in this metal: its nuclear (more)

Juntunen, Kirsi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Overcharge Protection for 4 V Lithium Batteries at High Rates ...  

Overcharge Protection for 4 V Lithium Batteries at High Rates ... chloroform and casting the solution onto a stainless steel mesh cur- ... Thermotron Industries, Inc. .

420

Nanostructured Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries - Energy ...  

New Anodes for Lithium-ion Batteries Increase Energy Density Four-Fold Savannah River Nuclear Solutions (SRNS), managing contractor of the Savannah River Site (SRS ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Anodes Improve Safety and Performance in Lithium-ion Batteries ...  

Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries have become the battery of choice for everything from cell phones to electric cars, but there is still much room for improvement.

422

The 2nd International Symposium on Lithium Applications for Fusion...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Princeton, New Jersey, USA The 2nd International Symposium on Lithium Applications for Fusion devices The purpose of this symposium is to bring together scientists and engineers...

423

Deuterium Uptake in Magnetic Fusion Devices with Lithium Conditioned...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deuterium Uptake in Magnetic Fusion Devices with Lithium Conditioned Carbon Walls American Fusion News Category: U.S. Universities Link: Deuterium Uptake in Magnetic Fusion Devices...

424

Batteries - Beyond Lithium Ion Breakout session  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BEYOND LITHIUM ION BREAKOUT BEYOND LITHIUM ION BREAKOUT Breakout Session #1 - Discussion of Performance Targets and Barriers Comments on the Achievability of the Targets * 1 - Zn-Air possible either w/ or w/o electric-hybridization; also possible with a solid electrolyte variant * 2 - Multivalent systems (e.g Mg), potentially needing hybrid-battery * 3 - Advanced Li-ion with hybridization @ cell / molecular level for high-energy and high- power * 4 - MH-air, Li-air, Li-S, all show promise * 5 - High-energy density (e.g. Na-metal ) flow battery can meet power and energy goals * 6 - Solid-state batteries (all types) * 7 - New cathode chemistries (beyond S) to increase voltage * 8 - New high-voltage non-flammable electrolytes (both li-ion and beyond li-ion) * 9 - Power to energy ratio of >=12 needed for fast charge (10 min)  So liquid refill capable

425

Thin-film rechargeable lithium batteries  

SciTech Connect

Small thin-film rechargeable cells have been fabricated with a lithium phosphorus oxyniuide electrolyte, Li metal anode, and Li{sub 1-x}Mn{sub 2}O{sub 4} as the cathode film. The cathode films were fabricated by several different techniques resulting in both crystalline and amorphous films. These were compared by observing the cell discharge behavior. Estimates have been made for the scale-up of such a thin-film battery to meet the specifications for the electric vehicle application. The specific energy, energy density, and cycle life are expected to meet the USABC mid-term criteria. However, the areas of the thin-films needed to fabricate such a cell are very large. The required areas could be greatly reduced by operating the battery at temperatures near 100{degrees}C or by enhancing the lithium ion transport rate in the cathode material.

Dudney, N.J.; Bates, J.B.; Lubben, D.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Manganese oxide composite electrodes for lithium batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An activated electrode for a non-aqueous electrochemical cell is disclosed with a precursor thereof a lithium metal oxide with the formula xLi.sub.2MnO.sub.3.(1-x)LiMn.sub.2-yM.sub.yO.sub.4 for 0.5lithium and lithia, from the precursor. A cell and battery are also disclosed incorporating the disclosed positive electrode.

Johnson, Christopher S. (Naperville, IL); Kang, Sun-Ho (Naperville, IL); Thackeray, Michael M. (Naperville, IL)

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

427

Manganese oxide composite electrodes for lithium batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An activated electrode for a non-aqueous electrochemical cell is disclosed with a precursor of a lithium metal oxide with the formula xLi.sub.2MnO.sub.3.(1-x)LiMn.sub.2-yM.sub.yO.sub.4 for 0lithium and lithia, from the precursor. A cell and battery are also disclosed incorporating the disclosed positive electrode.

Thackeray, Michael M. (Naperville, IL); Johnson, Christopher S. (Naperville, IL); Li, Naichao (Croton on Hudson, NY)

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

428

Phosphate-stabilized Lithium intercalation compounds  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Four manganese and iron phosphates with alluaudite or fillowite structures have been prepared by solid state reactions: Na2FeMn2(PO4)3, LiNaFeMn2(PO4)3, NaFe3(PO4)3, and Na2Mn3(PO4)3. LixNa2-xFeMn2(PO4)3 with x close to 2 was prepared from Na2FeMn2(PO4)3 by molten salt ion exchange. These materials are similar in stoichiometry to the phospho-olivines LiFe(Mn)PO4, but have a more complex structure that can accommodate mixed transition metal oxidation states. They are of interest as candidates for lithium battery cathodes because of their somewhat higher electronic conductivity, high intercalant ion mobility, and ease of preparation. Their performance as intercalation electrodes in non-aqueous lithium cells was, however, poor.

Richardson, Thomas J.

2002-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

429

Technical Specification for a Transportable Lithium-Ion Energy Storage System for Grid Support Using Commercially Available Lithium- Ion Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impressive global scale of lithium-ion battery production and investment in R&D is driving cost reduction and performance improvements that could make lithium-ion technology desirable for certain grid-scale storage applications in the near term. Although many stationary grid market applications can be configured using lithium-ion batteries, Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) research identified a 1-MW, 2-hour containerized substation grid support storage system as a key electric utility product...

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

430

Nanostructures and Lithium Electrochemical Reactivity of Lithium Titanites and Titanium Oxides: A Review  

SciTech Connect

Being inherently safe and chemically compatible with the electrolyte, titanium oxidebased materials, including both Li-titanites and various TiO2-polymorphs, are considered alternatives to carbonaceous anodes in Li-ion batteries. Given the commercial success of the spinel lithium titanites, TiO2-polymorphs, in particular in nanostructured forms, have been fabricated and investigated for the applications. Nanostructuring leads to increased reaction areas, shortened Li+ diffusion and potentially enhanced solubility/capacity. Integration with an electron conductive second phase into the TiO2-based nanostructures eases the electron transport, resulting in further improved lithium electrochemical activity and the overall electrochemical performance. This paper reviews structural characteristics and Li-electrochemical reactivity, along with synthetic approaches, of nanostructures and nano-composites based on lithium titanites and TiO2-polymorphs that include rutile, anatase, bronze and brookite.

Yang, Zhenguo; Choi, Daiwon; Kerisit, Sebastien N.; Rosso, Kevin M.; Wang, Donghai; Zhang, Jiguang; Graff, Gordon L.; Liu, J.

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

431

High expansion, lithium corrosion resistant sealing glasses  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Glass compositions containing CaO, Al.sub.2 O.sub.3, B.sub.2 O.sub.3, SrO and BaO in various combinations of mole % are provided. These compositions are capable of forming stable glass-to-metal seals with pin materials of 446 Stainless Steel and Alloy-52 rather than molybdenum, for use in harsh chemical environments, specifically in lithium batteries.

Brow, Richard K. (Albuquerque, NM); Watkins, Randall D. (Albuquerque, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Gel electrolyte for lithium-ion batteries.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The electrochemical performance of gel electrolytes based on crosslinked poly[ethyleneoxide-co-2-(2-methoxyethyoxy)ethyl glycidyl ether-co-allyl glycidyl ether] was investigated using graphite/Li{sub 1.1}[Ni{sub 1/3}Mn{sub 1/3}Co{sub 1/3}]{sub 0.9}O{sub 2} lithium-ion cells. It was found that the conductivity of the crosslinked gel electrolytes was as high as 5.9 mS/cm at room temperature, which is very similar to that of the conventional organic carbonate liquid electrolytes. Moreover, the capacity retention of lithium-ion cells comprising gel electrolytes was also similar to that of cells with conventional electrolytes. Despite of the high conductivity of the gel electrolytes, the rate capability of lithium-ion cells comprising gel electrolytes is inferior to that of the conventional cells. The difference was believed to be caused by the poor wettability of gel electrolytes on the electrode surfaces.

Chen, Z.; Zhang, L. Z.; West, R.; Amine, K.; Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division; Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison

2008-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

433

Chemical overcharge protection of lithium and lithium-ion secondary batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention features the use of redox reagents, dissolved in non-aqueous electrolytes, to provide overcharge protection for cells having lithium metal or lithium-ion negative electrodes (anodes). In particular, the invention features the use of a class of compounds consisting of thianthrene and its derivatives as redox shuttle reagents to provide overcharge protection. Specific examples of this invention are thianthrene and 2,7-diacetyl thianthrene. One example of a rechargeable battery in which 2,7-diacetyl thianthrene is used has carbon negative electrode (anode) and spinet LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} positive electrode (cathode). 8 figs.

Abraham, K.M.; Rohan, J.F.; Foo, C.C.; Pasquariello, D.M.

1999-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

434

Chemical overcharge protection of lithium and lithium-ion secondary batteries  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention features the use of redox reagents, dissolved in non-aqueous electrolytes, to provide overcharge protection for cells having lithium metal or lithium-ion negative electrodes (anodes). In particular, the invention features the use of a class of compounds consisting of thianthrene and its derivatives as redox shuttle reagents to provide overcharge protection. Specific examples of this invention are thianthrene and 2,7-diacetyl thianthrene. One example of a rechargeable battery in which 2,7-diacetyl thianthrene is used has carbon negative electrode (anode) and spinet LiMn.sub.2 O.sub.4 positive electrode (cathode).

Abraham, Kuzhikalail M. (Needham, MA); Rohan, James F. (Cork City, IE); Foo, Conrad C. (Dedham, MA); Pasquariello, David M. (Pawtucket, RI)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Thin film method of conducting lithium-ions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to the composition of a solid lithium-ion electrolyte based on the Li.sub.2 O--CeO.sub.2 --SiO.sub.2 system having good transparent characteristics and high ion conductivity suitable for uses in lithium batteries, electrochromic devices and other electrochemical applications.

Zhang, Ji-Guang (Golden, CO); Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO)

1998-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

436

Description: Lithium batteries are used daily in our work  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with batteries from the same package or with the same expiration date. Avoid at all costs batteries that haveDescription: Lithium batteries are used daily in our work activities from flashlights, cell phones containing one SureFire 3-volt non-rechargeable 123 lithium battery and one Interstate 3-volt non

437

Atomic resolution of Lithium Ions in LiCoO  

SciTech Connect

LiCoO2 is the most common lithium storage material for lithium rechargeable batteries, used widely to power portable electronic devices such as laptop computers. Lithium arrangements in the CoO2 framework have a profound effect on the structural stability and electrochemical properties of LixCoO2 (0 < x < 1), however, probing lithium ions has been difficult using traditional X-ray and neutron diffraction techniques. Here we have succeeded in simultaneously resolving columns of cobalt, oxygen, and lithium atoms in layered LiCoO2 battery material using experimental focal series of LiCoO2 images obtained at sub-Angstrom resolution in a mid-voltage transmission electron microscope. Lithium atoms are the smallest and lightest metal atoms, and scatter electrons only very weakly. We believe our observations of lithium to be the first by electron microscopy, and that they show promise to direct visualization of the ordering of lithium and vacancy in LixCoO2.

Shao-Horn, Yang; Croguennec, Laurence; Delmas, Claude; Nelson, Chris; O' Keefe, Michael A.

2003-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

438

Liquid surface skimmer apparatus for molten lithium and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to an apparatus for separating two fluids having different specific gravities. The invention also relates to a method for using the separating apparatus of the present invention. This invention particularly relates to the skimming of molten lithium metal from the surface of a fused salt electrolyte in the electrolytic production of lithium metal from a mixed fused salt.

Robinson, Samuel C. (Knoxville, TN); Pollard, Roy E. (Maryville, TN); Thompson, William F. (Oak Ridge, TN); Stark, Marshall W. (Gastonia, NC); Currin, Jr., Robert T. (Salisbury, NC)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Thin film method of conducting lithium-ions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to the composition of a solid lithium-ion electrolyte based on the Li{sub 2}O-CeO{sub 2}-SiO{sub 2} system having good transparent characteristics and high ion conductivity suitable for uses in lithium batteries, electrochromic devices and other electrochemical applications. 12 figs.

Zhang, J.G.; Benson, D.K.; Tracy, C.E.

1998-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

440

Local Electromechanical Response at a Single Ferroelectric Domain Wall in Lithium Niobate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Local Electromechanical Response at a Single Ferroelectric Domain Wall in Lithium Niobate DAVID A electromechanical response across a single ferroelectric domain wall in congruent lithium niobate at room in the crystal, which interact with the domain wall. I. INTRODUCTION FERROELECTRIC lithium niobate and lithium

Gopalan, Venkatraman

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Measurement of lithium isotope ratios by quadrupole-ICP-MS: application to seawater and natural carbonates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurement of lithium isotope ratios by quadrupole-ICP-MS: application to seawater and natural method for lithium isotope ratio (7 Li/6 Li) determinations with low total lithium consumption ( lithium from all matrix elements using small volume resin (2 ml/3.4 meq AG 50W-X8) and low volume elution

Weston, Ken

442

17 Years of Lithium Brown Dwarfs 10/21/12Ringberg Brown Dwarfs 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

17 Years of Lithium Brown Dwarfs 10/21/12Ringberg Brown Dwarfs 1 #12;The Keck Search for Lithium 10/21/12Ringberg Brown Dwarfs 2 Lithium was not seen in objects which should have been comfortably into the brown "lithium dating". This adjustment in age meant that the inferred mass of PPl 15 rose to near the substellar

Joergens, Viki

443

Optimization of lithium target for epithermal neutrons generation B. Bayanov, V. Belov, V. Kindyukb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of lithium target for epithermal neutrons generation B. Bayanov, V. Belov, V. Kindyukb of the facility is lithium target, that produces neutrons via threshold 7 Li(p,n)7 Be reaction at 25 kW proton carrier flow and lithium layer temperature are shown. Calculation showed that the lithium target could run

Taskaev, Sergey Yur'evich

444

1 Kinetics of Initial Lithiation of Crystalline Silicon Electrodes of 2 Lithium-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Kinetics of Initial Lithiation of Crystalline Silicon Electrodes of 2 Lithium-Ion Batteries 3 the lithiated silicon phase. 20 KEYWORDS: Lithium-ion batteries, silicon, kinetics, plasticity 21 Lithium-ion by the National Science Foundation 648through a grant on Lithium-ion Batteries (CMMI-1031161). 649This work

Liu, X. Shirley

445

Stochastic model of lithium ion conduction in poly,,ethylene oxide... L. Gitelman,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as described above. III. THE CONDUCTIVITY The basic electrochemistry of the lithium ion battery in- volves only the transfer of lithium ions between the two insertion electrodes. Typical lithium ion battery consistsStochastic model of lithium ion conduction in poly,,ethylene oxide... L. Gitelman,1 A. Averbuch,2,a

Averbuch, Amir

446

A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Better Anode Design to Improve A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries Print Friday, 23 March 2012 13:53 Lithium-ion batteries are in smart phones, laptops, most other consumer electronics, and the newest electric cars. Good as these batteries are, the need for energy storage in batteries is surpassing current technologies. In a lithium-ion battery, charge moves from the cathode to the anode, a critical component for storing energy. A team of Berkeley Lab scientists has designed a new kind of anode that absorbs eight times the lithium of current designs, and has maintained its greatly increased energy capacity after more than a year of testing and many hundreds of charge-discharge cycles. Cyclical Science Succeeds

447

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Our way of life is deeply intertwined with battery technologies that have enabled a mobile revolution powering cell phones, laptops, medical devices, and cars. As conventional lithium-ion batteries approach their theoretical energy-storage limits, new technologies are emerging to address the long-term energy-storage improvements needed for mobile systems, electric vehicles in particular. Battery performance depends on the dynamics of evolving electronic and chemical states that, despite advances in material synthesis and structural probes, remain elusive and largely unexplored. At Beamlines 8.0.1 and 9.3.2, researchers studied lithium-ion and lithium-air batteries, respectively, using soft x-ray spectroscopy techniques. The detailed information they obtained about the evolution of electronic and chemical states will be indispensable for understanding and optimizing better battery materials.

448

Toxicity of materials used in the manufacture of lithium batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The growing interest in battery systems has led to major advances in high-energy and/or high-power-density lithium batteries. Potential applications for lithium batteries include radio transceivers, portable electronic instrumentation, emergency locator transmitters, night vision devices, human implantable devices, as well as uses in the aerospace and defense programs. With this new technology comes the use of new solvent and electrolyte systems in the research, development, and production of lithium batteries. The goal is to enhance lithium battery technology with the use of non-hazardous materials. Therefore, the toxicity and health hazards associated with exposure to the solvents and electrolytes used in current lithium battery research and development is evaluated and described.

Archuleta, M.M.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

China Lithium Energy Electric Vehicle Investment Group CLEEVIG | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Investment Group CLEEVIG Investment Group CLEEVIG Jump to: navigation, search Name China Lithium Energy Electric Vehicle Investment Group (CLEEVIG) Place Beijing, China Zip 100101 Product Beijing-based investment company with a focus on Electric Vehicle R&D. References China Lithium Energy Electric Vehicle Investment Group (CLEEVIG)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. China Lithium Energy Electric Vehicle Investment Group (CLEEVIG) is a company located in Beijing, China . References ↑ "[ China Lithium Energy Electric Vehicle Investment Group (CLEEVIG)]" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=China_Lithium_Energy_Electric_Vehicle_Investment_Group_CLEEVIG&oldid=343507

450

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Our way of life is deeply intertwined with battery technologies that have enabled a mobile revolution powering cell phones, laptops, medical devices, and cars. As conventional lithium-ion batteries approach their theoretical energy-storage limits, new technologies are emerging to address the long-term energy-storage improvements needed for mobile systems, electric vehicles in particular. Battery performance depends on the dynamics of evolving electronic and chemical states that, despite advances in material synthesis and structural probes, remain elusive and largely unexplored. At Beamlines 8.0.1 and 9.3.2, researchers studied lithium-ion and lithium-air batteries, respectively, using soft x-ray spectroscopy techniques. The detailed information they obtained about the evolution of electronic and chemical states will be indispensable for understanding and optimizing better battery materials.

451

Lithium aluminum/iron sulfide battery having lithium aluminum and silicon as negative electrode  

SciTech Connect

A method of making a negative electrode, the electrode made thereby and a secondary electrochemical cell using the electrode. Silicon powder is mixed with powdered electroactive material, such as the lithium-aluminum eutectic, to provide an improved electrode and cell.

Gilbert, Marian (Flossmoor, IL); Kaun, Thomas D. (New Lenox, IL)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Lithium Ethylene Dicarbonate Identified as the Primary Product of Chemical and Electrochemical Reduction of EC in EC:EMC/1.2M LiPF6 Electrolyte  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spectrum of synthetic lithium ethylene dicarbonate. Figureformula and structure of lithium ethylene dicarbonate (A)efficiency (Q a /Q c ) for lithium deposition on the Ni

Zhuang, Guorong V.; Xu, Kang; Yang, Hui; Jow, T. Richard; Ross Jr., Philip N.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Optical one-way quantum computing with a simulated valence-bond solid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One-way quantum computation proceeds by sequentially measuring individual spins (qubits) in an entangled many-spin resource state. It remains a challenge, however, to efficiently produce such resource states. Is it possible to reduce the task of generating these states to simply cooling a quantum many-body system to its ground state? Cluster states, the canonical resource for one-way quantum computing, do not naturally occur as ground states of physical systems. This led to a significant effort to identify alternative resource states that appear as ground states in spin lattices. An appealing candidate is a valence-bond-solid state described by Affleck, Kennedy, Lieb, and Tasaki (AKLT). It is the unique, gapped ground state for a two-body Hamiltonian on a spin-1 chain, and can be used as a resource for one-way quantum computing. Here, we experimentally generate a photonic AKLT state and use it to implement single-qubit quantum logic gates.

Jonathan Lavoie; Rainer Kaltenbaek; Bei Zeng; Stephen D. Bartlett; Kevin J. Resch

2010-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

454

Anisotropic intermediate valence in Yb2M3Ga9 (M = Rh, Ir)  

SciTech Connect

The intermediate valence compounds Yb{sub 2}M{sub 3}Ga{sub 9} (M = Rh, Ir) exhibit an anisotropic magnetic susceptibility. We report measurements of the temperature dependence of the 4f occupation number, n{sub f}(T), for Yb{sub 2}M{sub 3}Ga{sub 9} as well as the magnetic inelastic neutron scattering spectrum S{sub mag}({Delta}E) at 12 and 300 K for Yb{sub 2}Rh{sub 3}Ga{sub 9}. Both n{sub f}(T) and S{sub mag}({Delta}E) were calculated for the Anderson impurity model with crystal field terms within an approach based on the non-crossing approximation. These results corroborate the importance of crystal field effects in these materials; they also suggest that Anderson lattice effects are important to the physics of Yb{sub 2}M{sub 3}Ga{sub 9}.

Christianson, A.D.; Lawrence, J.M.; Lobos, A.M.; Aligia, A.A.; Bauer, E.D.; Moreno, N.O.; Booth, C.H.; Goremychkin, E.A.; Sarrao, J.L.; Thompson, J.D.; Batista, C.D.; Trouw, F.R.; Hehlen, M.P.

2005-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

455

Double Photoionization of excited Lithium and Beryllium  

SciTech Connect

We present total, energy-sharing and triple differential cross sections for one-photon, double ionization of lithium and beryllium starting from aligned, excited P states. We employ a recently developed hybrid atomic orbital/ numerical grid method based on the finite-element discrete-variable representation and exterior complex scaling. Comparisons with calculated results for the ground-state atoms, as well as analogous results for ground-state and excited helium, serve to highlight important selection rules and show some interesting effects that relate to differences between inter- and intra-shell electron correlation.

Yip, Frank L.; McCurdy, C. William; Rescigno, Thomas N.

2010-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

456

Long life lithium batteries with stabilized electrodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to non-aqueous electrolytes having electrode stabilizing additives, stabilized electrodes, and electrochemical devices containing the same. Thus the present invention provides electrolytes containing an alkali metal salt, a polar aprotic solvent, and an electrode stabilizing additive. In some embodiments the additives include a substituted or unsubstituted cyclic or spirocyclic hydrocarbon containing at least one oxygen atom and at least one alkenyl or alkynyl group. When used in electrochemical devices with, e.g., lithium manganese oxide spinel electrodes or olivine or carbon-coated olivine electrodes, the new electrolytes provide batteries with improved calendar and cycle life.

Amine, Khalil (Downers Grove, IL); Liu, Jun (Naperville, IL); Vissers, Donald R. (Naperville, IL); Lu, Wenquan (Darien, IL)

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

457

Surface modifications for carbon lithium intercalation anodes  

SciTech Connect

A prefabricated carbon anode containing predetermined amounts of passivating film components is assembled into a lithium-ion rechargeable battery. The modified carbon anode enhances the reduction of the irreversible capacity loss during the first discharge of a cathode-loaded cell. The passivating film components, such as Li.sub.2 O and Li.sub.2 CO.sub.3, of a predetermined amount effective for optimal passivation of carbon, are incorporated into carbon anode materials to produce dry anodes that are essentially free of battery electrolyte prior to battery assembly.

Tran, Tri D. (Livermore, CA); Kinoshita, Kimio (Cupertino, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Lithium-ion Energy Storage Market Opportunities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries have garnered major investment in R&D and manufacturing as the initial chemistry of choice for the electric transportation industry. This report presents granular cost/benefit analysis for Li-ion based energy storage systems for utility and customer-side of the meter stationary applications. Li-ion batteries have desirable performance characteristics with the potential for kW- and MW-scale systems with flexible functionality to address multiple benefit streams from a single...

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

459

Materials issues in lithium ion rechargeable battery technology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lithium ion rechargeable batteries are predicted to replace Ni/Cd as the workhorse consumer battery. The pace of development of this battery system is determined in large part by the availability of materials and the understanding of interfacial reactions between materials. Lithium ion technology is based on the use of two lithium intercalating electrodes. Carbon is the most commonly used anode material, while the cathode materials of choice have been layered lithium metal chalcogenides (LiMX{sub 2}) and lithium spinel-type compounds. Electrolytes may be either organic liquids or polymers. Although the first practical use of graphite intercalation compounds as battery anodes was reported in 1981 for molten salt cells and in 1983 for ambient temperature systems, it was not until Sony Energytech announced a new lithium ion intercalating carbon anode in 1990, that interest peaked. The reason for this heightened interest is that these electrochemical cells have the high energy density, high voltage and light weight of metallic lithium, but without the disadvantages of dendrite formation on charge, improving their safety and cycle life.

Doughty, D.H.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Lithium-Ion Battery Teacher Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lithium Ion Battery Teacher Workshop Lithium Ion Battery Teacher Workshop 2012 2 2 screw eyes 2 No. 14 rubber bands 2 alligator clips 1 plastic gear font 2 steel axles 4 nylon spacers 2 Pitsco GT-R Wheels 2 Pitsco GT-F Wheels 2 balsa wood sheets 1 No. 280 motor Also: Parts List 3 Tools Required 1. Soldering iron 2. Hobby knife or coping saw 3. Glue gun 4. Needlenose pliers 5. 2 C-clamps 6. Ruler 4 1. Using a No. 2 pencil, draw Line A down the center of a balsa sheet. Making the Chassis 5 2. Turn over the balsa sheet and draw Line B ¾ of an inch from one end of the sheet. Making the Chassis 6 3. Draw a 5/8" x ½" notch from 1" from the top of the sheet. Making the Chassis 7 4. Draw Line C 2 ½" from the other end of the same sheet of balsa. Making the Chassis 8 5. Using a sharp utility knife or a coping saw, cut

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Novel carbonaceous materials for lithium secondary batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Carbonaceous materials have been synthesized using pillared clays (PILCs) as templates. The PILC was loaded with organic materials such as pyrene in the liquid and vapor phase, styrene in the vapor phase, trioxane, ethylene and propylene. The samples were then pyrolyzed at 700 C in an inert atmosphere, followed by dissolution of the inorganic template by conventional demineralization methods. X-ray powder diffraction of the carbons showed broad d{sub 002} peaks in the diffraction pattern, indicative of a disordered or turbostratic system. N{sub 2} BET surface areas of the carbonaceous materials range from 10 to 100 m{sup 2}/g. There is some microporosity (r < 1 nm) in the highest surface area carbons. Most of the surface area, however, comes from a mixture of micro and mesopores with radii of 2--5 nm. Electrochemical studies were performed on these carbons. Button cells were fabricated with capacity- limiting carbon pellets electrodes as the cathode a/nd metallic lithium foil as the anode. Large reversible capacities (up to 850 mAh/g) were achieved for most of the samples. The irreversible capacity loss was less than 180 mAh/g after the first cycle, suggesting that these types of carbon materials are very stable to lithium insertion and de-insertion reactions.

Sandi, G.; Winans, R.E.; Carrado, K.A.; Johnson, C.S.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Hierarchically Structured Materials for Lithium Batteries  

SciTech Connect

Lithium-ion battery (LIB) is one of the most promising power sources to be deployed in electric vehicles (EV), including solely battery powered vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and hybrid electrical vehicles. With the increasing demand on devices of high energy densities (>500 Wh/kg) , new energy storage systems, such as lithium-oxygen (Li-O2) batteries and other emerging systems beyond the conventional LIB also attracted worldwide interest for both transportation and grid energy storage applications in recent years. It is well known that the electrochemical performances of these energy storage systems depend not only on the composition of the materials, but also on the structure of electrode materials used in the batteries. Although the desired performances characteristics of batteries often have conflict requirements on the micro/nano-structure of electrodes, hierarchically designed electrodes can be tailored to satisfy these conflict requirements. This work will review hierarchically structured materials that have been successfully used in LIB and Li-O2 batteries. Our goal is to elucidate 1) how to realize the full potential of energy materials through the manipulation of morphologies, and 2) how the hierarchical structure benefits the charge transport, promotes the interfacial properties, prolongs the electrode stability and battery lifetime.

Xiao, Jie; Zheng, Jianming; Li, Xiaolin; Shao, Yuyan; Zhang, Jiguang

2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

463

Atomic hydrogen adsorption on lithium-doped graphite surfaces  

SciTech Connect

The effects of lithium doping of pristine and defective graphite surfaces on hydrogen adsorption are studied by the first-principles Plane-Wave Density Functional Theory. The surface defects are simulated by a single atomic vacancy. The DFT calculation is corrected for long-range effects through semi-empirical London terms for each constituent of the system. The lithium doping of the graphite surfaces notably reinforces hydrogen atom binding. Qualitative comparison with experimental results is given using the lithium 1s energy level shifts induced by the atomic vacancy and/or hydrogen trapping.

Allouche, Alain [CNRS/Univ. de Provence (France); Krstic, Predrag S [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Carbon fiber paper cathodes for lithium ion batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel lithium ion battery cathode structure was produced which has the potential for excellent capacity retention and good thermal management. In these cathodes, the active cathode material (lithium iron phosphate) was carbon bonded to a thermally and electrically conductive carbon fiber paper (CFP) support. Electrochemical testing was performed on Swagelok cells consisting of CFP cathodes and lithium anodes. High specific energy, near-theoretical capacity, and good cycling performance were demonstrated for 0.11 mm and 0.37 mm thick CFP cathodes.

Kercher, Andrew K [ORNL; Kiggans, Jim [ORNL; Dudney, Nancy J [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Lithium As Plasma Facing Component for Magnetic Fusion Research  

SciTech Connect

The use of lithium in magnetic fusion confinement experiments started in the 1990's in order to improve tokamak plasma performance as a low-recycling plasma-facing component (PFC). Lithium is the lightest alkali metal and it is highly chemically reactive with relevant ion species in fusion plasmas including hydrogen, deuterium, tritium, carbon, and oxygen. Because of the reactive properties, lithium can provide strong pumping for those ions. It was indeed a spectacular success in TFTR where a very small amount (~ 0.02 gram) of lithium coating of the PFCs resulted in the fusion power output to improve by nearly a factor of two. The plasma confinement also improved by a factor of two. This success was attributed to the reduced recycling of cold gas surrounding the fusion plasma due to highly reactive lithium on the wall. The plasma confinement and performance improvements have since been confirmed in a large number of fusion devices with various magnetic configurations including CDX-U/LTX (US), CPD (Japan), HT-7 (China), EAST (China), FTU (Italy), NSTX (US), T-10, T-11M (Russia), TJ-II (Spain), and RFX (Italy). Additionally, lithium was shown to broaden the plasma pressure profile in NSTX, which is advantageous in achieving high performance H-mode operation for tokamak reactors. It is also noted that even with significant applications (up to 1,000 grams in NSTX) of lithium on PFCs, very little contamination (< 0.1%) of lithium fraction in main fusion plasma core was observed even during high confinement modes. The lithium therefore appears to be a highly desirable material to be used as a plasma PFC material from the magnetic fusion plasma performance and operational point of view. An exciting development in recent years is the growing realization of lithium as a potential solution to solve the exceptionally challenging need to handle the fusion reactor divertor heat flux, which could reach 60 MW/m2 . By placing the liquid lithium (LL) surface in the path of the main divertor heat flux (divertor strike point), the lithium is evaporated from the surface. The evaporated lithium is quickly ionized by the plasma and the ionized lithium ions can provide a strongly radiative layer of plasma ("radiative mantle"), thus could significantly reduce the heat flux to the divertor strike point surfaces, thus protecting the divertor surface. The protective effects of LL have been observed in many experiments and test stands. As a possible reactor divertor candidate, a closed LL divertor system is described. Finally, it is noted that the lithium applications as a PFC can be quite flexible and broad. The lithium application should be quite compatible with various divertor configurations, and it can be also applied to protecting the presently envisioned tungsten based solid PFC surfaces such as the ones for ITER. Lithium based PFCs therefore have the exciting prospect of providing a cost effective flexible means to improve the fusion reactor performance, while providing a practical solution to the highly challenging divertor heat handling issue confronting the steadystate magnetic fusion reactors.

Masayuki Ono

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

466

Lithium-Air Battery: High Performance Cathodes for Lithium-Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect

BEEST Project: Researchers at Missouri S&T are developing an affordable lithium-air (Li-Air) battery that could enable an EV to travel up to 350 miles on a single charge. Todays EVs run on Li-Ion batteries, which are expensive and suffer from low energy density compared with gasoline. This new Li-Air battery could perform as well as gasoline and store 3 times more energy than current Li-Ion batteries. A Li-Air battery uses an air cathode to breathe oxygen into the battery from the surrounding air, like a human lung. The oxygen and lithium react in the battery to produce electricity. Current Li-Air batteries are limited by the rate at which they can draw oxygen from the air. The team is designing a battery using hierarchical electrode structures to enhance air breathing and effective catalysts to accelerate electricity production.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Lithium Polymer (LiPo) Battery Usage Lithium polymer batteries are now being widely used in hobby and UAV applications. They work  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium Polymer (LiPo) Battery Usage 1 Lithium polymer batteries are now being widely used in hobby nickel metal and ni-cad batteries. But with this increase in battery life come potential hazards. Use batteries with a battery charger specifically designed for lithium polymer batteries. As an example, you

Langendoen, Koen

468

Comparison of H-Mode Plasmas Diverted to Solid and Liquid Lithium Surfaces  

SciTech Connect

Experiments were conducted with a Liquid Lithium Divertor (LLD) in NSTX. Among the goals was to use lithium recoating to sustain deuterium (D) retention by a static liquid lithium surface, approximating the ability of flowing liquid lithium to maintain chemical reactivity. Lithium evaporators were used to deposit lithium on the LLD surface. Improvements in plasma edge conditions were similar to those with lithiated graphite plasma-facing components (PFCs), including an increase in confinement over discharges without lithiumcoated PFCs and ELM reduction during H-modes. With the outer strike point on the LLD, the D retention in the LLD was about the same as that for solid lithium coatings on graphite, or about two times that achieved without lithium PFC coatings. There were also indications of contamination of the LLD surface, possibly due erosion and redeposition of carbon from PFCs. Flowing lithium may thus be needed for chemically active PFCs during long-pulse operation.

R. Kaita, et. al.

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

469

Simulations of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Using Advanced Lithium Batteries and Ultracapacitors on Various Driving Cycles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

technology is a lithium-ion battery using lithium titanateof lithium-ion batteries of various chemistries Batterylithium-ion batteries were 20-22 kg and in the zinc-air battery,

Burke, Andy; Zhao, Hengbing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Lithium-Sulfur Batteries: Development of High Energy Lithium-Sulfur Cells for Electric Vehicle Applications  

SciTech Connect

BEEST Project: Sion Power is developing a lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery, a potentially cost-effective alternative to the Li-Ion battery that could store 400% more energy per pound. All batteries have 3 key partsa positive and negative electrode and an electrolytethat exchange ions to store and release electricity. Using different materials for these components changes a batterys chemistry and its ability to power a vehicle. Traditional Li-S batteries experience adverse reactions between the electrolyte and lithium-based negative electrode that ultimately limit the battery to less than 50 charge cycles. Sion Power will sandwich the lithium- and sulfur-based electrode films around a separator that protects the negative electrode and increases the number of charges the battery can complete in its lifetime. The design could eventually allow for a battery with 400% greater storage capacity per pound than Li-Ion batteries and the ability to complete more than 500 recharge cycles.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Solid-state Inorganic Lithium-Ion Conductors  

A research team at the University of Colorado Boulder led by Se-Hee Lee has developed an advanced single step, high energy ball milling system for preparation of electrodes for use in a solid state lithium-ion battery.

472

Performance and Characterization of Lithium-Ion Type Polymer Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance and Characterization of Lithium-Ion Type Polymer Batteries Performance and Characterization of Lithium-Ion Type Polymer Batteries Speaker(s): Myung D. Cho Date: January 18, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Frank McLarnon A new process for the preparation of lithium-polymer batteries with crosslinked gel-polymer electrolyte will be introduced. The new process employs a thermal crosslinking method rather than cell lamination, and is termed "lithium ion type polymer battery (ITPB)". This thermal crosslinking process has many advantages over the standard lamination method, such as fusing the polymer into the electrodes and better adhesion between the electrolyte and electrodes. The new method results in improved high-temperature stability and a simpler process, as well as the improved

473

Students race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition | race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Students race lithium ion battery powered cars ... Students race lithium ion battery powered cars in Pantex competition Posted By Greg Cunningham, Pantex Public Affairs

474

Overcharge Protection for the New Generation of Lithium Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overcharge Protection for the New Generation of Lithium Batteries Speaker(s): Thomas Richardson Date: January 18, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg 90 Seminar HostPoint of Contact:...

475

Performance and Characterization of Lithium-Ion Type Polymer...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance and Characterization of Lithium-Ion Type Polymer Batteries Speaker(s): Myung D. Cho Date: January 18, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint of Contact:...

476

Metal hydrides: Relevant Materials for Lithium-ion Batteries ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reactivity of MgH2 with lithium is a reversible conversion reaction (reversible capacity of 1500 mAh/g) generalized to many hydrides as: MHx + xLi+ + xe- ? M +...

477

Design and Optimization of Lithium-ion Batteries for Vehicular...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Design and Optimization of Lithium-ion Batteries for Vehicular Applications Speaker(s): Venkat Srinivasan Date: September 16, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint...

478

Electron-nuclear entanglement in the cold lithium gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the ground-state entanglement and thermal entanglement in the hyperfine interaction of the lithium atom. We give the relationship between the entanglement and both temperature and external magnetic fields.

Guo-Qiang Zhu; Jun-Wen Mao; You-Quan Li

2005-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

479

Rechargeable lithium battery energy storage systems for vehicular applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Batteries are used on-board vehicles for broadly two applications starting-lighting-ignition (SLI) and vehicle traction. This thesis examines the suitability of the rechargeable lithium battery (more)

HURIA, TARUN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Ab-initio study of cathode materials for lithium batteries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using first principles calculations the effect of electronic structure on the stability of positive electrode materials for lithium rechargeable batteries is investigated. The investigation focuses upon lithiated ?-NaFeO? ...

Reed, John Stuart, 1968-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh valence lithium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Lithium sulfide compositions for battery electrolyte and battery electrode coatings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methods of forming lithium-containing electrolytes are provided using wet chemical synthesis. In some examples, the lithium containing electroytes are composed of .beta.-Li.sub.3PS.sub.4 or Li.sub.4P.sub.2S.sub.7. The solid electrolyte may be a core shell material. In one embodiment, the core shell material includes a core of lithium sulfide (Li.sub.2S), a first shell of .beta.-Li.sub.3PS.sub.4 or Li.sub.4P.sub.2S.sub.7, and a second shell including one or .beta.-Li.sub.3PS.sub.4 or Li.sub.4P.sub.2S.sub.7 and carbon. The lithium containing electrolytes may be incorporated into wet cell batteries or solid state batteries.

Liang, Chengdu; Liu, Zengcai; Fu, Wunjun; Lin, Zhan; Dudney, Nancy J; Howe, Jane Y; Rondinone, Adam J

2013-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

482

Cosmic ray lithium isotope measurement with AMS-01  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The AMS-01 detector measured charged cosmic rays during 10 days on the Space Shuttle Discovery in 1998 and collected 108 events. By identifying 8349 Lithium and 22709 Carbon nuclei from the raw data, this thesis presents ...

Zhou, Feng, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Composite Electrodes for Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Composite Electrodes for Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries Technology available for licensing: Electrodes having composite xLi2M'O3(1-x)LiMO2 structures in which an...

484

Low-Cost Phosphate Compounds Enhance Lithium Battery Performance  

Argonne National Laboratory has developed a series of inexpensive, electrochemically active phosphate compounds that are highly functional when used in high-power and high-energy lithium batteries.

485

NREL: News - Solar and Lithium Ion Car Race Winners Announced  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

913 Solar and Lithium Ion Car Race Winners Announced May 18, 2013 Ninety-seven teams from 28 Colorado schools participated in today's car competitions hosted by the U.S. Department...

486

Process for manufacturing a lithium alloy electrochemical cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for manufacturing a lithium alloy, metal sulfide cell tape casts slurried alloy powders in an organic solvent containing a dissolved thermoplastic organic binder onto casting surfaces. The organic solvent is then evaporated to produce a flexible tape removable adhering to the casting surface. The tape is densified to increase its green strength and then peeled from the casting surface. The tape is laminated with a separator containing a lithium salt electrolyte and a metal sulfide electrode to form a green cell. The binder is evaporated from the green cell at a temperature lower than the melting temperature of the lithium salt electrolyte. Lithium alloy, metal sulfide and separator powders may be tape cast.

Bennett, William R. (North Olmstead, OH)

1992-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

487

The UC Davis Emerging Lithium Battery Test Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemistries for Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles, EVS-24, Stavanger,for plug-in hybrid vehicles. By emerging lithium batterychemistries for plug-in hybrid vehicle applications. The

Burke, Andy; Miller, Marshall

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Three-Dimensional Lithium-Ion Battery Model (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Nonuniform battery physics can cause unexpected performance and life degradations in lithium-ion batteries; a three-dimensional cell performance model was developed by integrating an electrode-scale submodel using a multiscale modeling scheme.

Kim, G. H.; Smith, K.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

YouTube: AdvancedLightSource Home Research Areas Two Studies Reveal Details of Lithium-Battery Function Print Our way of life is deeply intertwined with battery technologies that...

490

A Better Anode Design to Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for energy storage in batteries is surpassing current technologies. In a lithium-ion battery, charge moves from the cathode to the anode, a critical component for storing energy....

491

Effect of Lithium PFC Coatings on NSTX Density Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lithium coatings on the graphite plasma facing components (PFCs) in NSTX are being investigated as a tool for density profile control and reducing the recycling of hydrogen isotopes. Repeated lithium pellet injection into Center Stack Limited and Lower Single Null Ohmic Helium Discharges were used to coat graphite surfaces that had been pre-conditioned with Ohmic Helium Discharges of the same shape to reduce their contribution to hydrogen isotope recycling. The following deuterium NBI reference discharges exhibited a reduction in density by a factor of about 3 for limited and 2 for diverted plasmas respectively, and peaked density profiles. Recently, a lithium evaporator has been used to apply thin coatings on conditioned and unconditioned PFCs. Effects on the plasma density and the impurities were obtained by pre-conditioning the PFCs with ohmic helium discharges, and performing the first deuterium NBI discharge as soon as possible after applying the lithium coating.

Kugel, H W; Bell, M G; Bush, C; Gates, D; Gray, T; Kaita, R; Leblanc, B; Maingi, R; Majeski, R; Mansfield, D; Mueller, D; Raman, R; Roquemore, A L; Sabbagh, S; Skinner, C H; Soukhanovskii, V; Stevenson, T; Zakharov, L

2006-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

492

Lithium As Plasma Facing Component for Magnetic Fusion Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of lithium in magnetic fusion confinement experiments started in the 1990's in order to improve tokamak plasma performance as a low-recycling plasma-facing component (PFC). Lithium is the lightest alkali metal and it is highly chemically reactive with relevant ion species in fusion plasmas including hydrogen, deuterium, tritium, carbon, and oxygen. Because of the reactive properties, lithium can provide strong pumping for those ions. It was indeed a spectacular success in TFTR where a very small amount (~ 0.02 gram) of lithium coating of the PFCs resulted in the fusion power output to improve by nearly a factor of two. The plasma confinement also improved by a factor of two. This success was attributed to the reduced recycling of cold gas surrounding the fusion plasma due to highly reactive lithium on the wall. The plasma confinement and performance improvements have since been confirmed in a large number of fusion devices with various magnetic configurations including CDX-U/LTX (US), CPD (Japan), HT-7 (China), EAST (China), FTU (Italy), NSTX (US), T-10, T-11M (Russia), TJ-II (Spain), and RFX (Italy). Additionally, lithium was shown to broaden the plasma pressure profile in NSTX, which is advantageous in achieving high performance H-mode operation for tokamak reactors. It is also noted that even with significant applications (up to 1,000 grams in NSTX) of lithium on PFCs, very little contamination (fusion plasma core was observed even during high confinement modes. The lithium therefore appears to be a highly desirable material to be used as a plasma PFC material from the magnetic fusion plasma performance and operational point of view. An exciting development in recent years is the growing realization of lithium as a potential solution to solve the exceptionally challenging need to handle the fusion reactor divertor heat flux, which could reach 60 MW/m2 . By placing the liquid lithium (LL) surface in the path of the main divertor heat flux (divertor strike point), the lithium is evaporated from the surface. The evaporated lithium is quickly ionized by the plasma and the ionized lithium ions can provide a strongly radiative layer of plasma ("radiative mantle"), thus could significantly reduce the heat flux to the divertor strike point surfaces, thus protecting the divertor surface. The protective effects of LL have been observed in many experiments and test stands. As a possible reactor divertor candidate, a closed LL divertor system is described. Finally, it is noted that the lithium applications as a PFC can be quite flexible and broad. The lithium application should be quite compatible with various divertor configurations, and it can be also applied to protecting the presently envisioned tungsten based solid PFC surfaces such as the ones for ITER. Lithium based PFCs therefore have the exciting prospect of providing a cost effective flexible means to improve the fusion reactor performance, while providing a practical solution to the highly challenging divertor heat handling issue confronting the steadystate magnetic fusion reactors.

Masayuki Ono

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

493

Tritium diffusion in lithium oxide solid breeder materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A review of data of tritium diffusion in Li/sub 2/O is presented. Also diffusion coefficients in Li/sub 2/O of tritium, lithium, oxygen, hydrogen, and deuterium are given. (MOW)

Shearer, J.A.; Tam, S.W.; Johnson, C.E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Improvement in Plasma Performance with Lithium Coatings in NSTX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lithium as a plasma-facing material has attractive features, including a reduction in the recycling of hydrogenic species and the potential for withstanding high heat and neutron fluxes in fusion reactors. Dramatic effects on plasma performance with lithium-coated plasma-facing components (PFC's) have been demonstrated on many fusion devices, including TFTR, T-11M, and FT-U. Using a liquid-lithium-filled tray as a limiter, the CDX-U device achieved very significant enhancement in the confinement time of ohmically heated plasmas. The recent NSTX experiments reported here have demonstrated, for the first time, significant and recurring benefits of lithium PFC coatings on divertor plasma performance in both L- and H- mode regimes heated by neutral beams.

Kaita, R

2009-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

495

Improvement in Plasma Performance with Lithium Coatings in NSTX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lithium as a plasma-facing material has attractive features, including a reduction in the recycling of hydrogenic species and the potential for withstanding high heat and neutron fluxes in fusion reactors. Dramatic effects on plasma performance with lithium-coated plasma-facing components (PFCOs) have been demonstrated on many fusion devices, including TFTR, [1] T-11M, [2] and FT-U. [3] Using a liquid-lithium-filled tray as a limiter, the CDX-U device achieved very significant enhancement in the confinement time of ohmically heated plasmas. [4] The recent NSTX experiments reported here have demonstrated, for the first time, significant and recurring benefits of lithium PFC coatings on divertor plasma performance in both L- and H- mode regimes heated by neutral beams.

Kaita, R; Ahn, J -W; Allain, J P; Bell, M G; Bell, R; Boedo, J; Bush, C; Mansfield, D; Menard, J; Mueller, D; Ono, M; Paul, S; Raman, R; Roquemore, A L; Ross, P W; Sabbagh, S; Schneider, H; Skinner, C H; Soukhanovskii, V; Stevenson, T; Stotler, D; Timberlake, J; Wampler, W R; Wilgen, J B

2008-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

496

Theoretical Studies of Hydrogen Effects on Lithium-based Ceramics ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Theoretical Studies of Hydrogen Effects on Lithium-based Ceramics for Tritium-breeding Application in Fusion Reactor ... in Energy Materials: Some Examples in Hydrogen Storage, Thermoelectrics and Nuclear Materials.

497

Recent improvements of the JET lithium beam diagnostic  

SciTech Connect

A 60 kV neutral lithium diagnostic beam probes the edge plasma of JET for the measurement of electron density profiles. This paper describes recent enhancements of the diagnostic setup, new procedures for calibration and protection measures for the lithium ion gun during massive gas puffs for disruption mitigation. New light splitting optics allow in parallel beam emission measurements with a new double entrance slit CCD spectrometer (spectrally resolved) and a new interference filter avalanche photodiode camera (fast density and fluctuation studies).

Brix, M.; Morgan, P.; Stamp, M.; Zastrow, K.-D. [EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, OX14 3DB Abingdon (United Kingdom); Dodt, D. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Assoziation, Garching (Germany); Dunai, D.; Meszaros, B.; Petravich, G.; Refy, D. I.; Szabolics, T.; Zoletnik, S. [Wigner RCP, Association EURATOM, Pf. 49, H-1525 Budapest (Hungary); Lupelli, I. [Associazione EURATOM-ENEA - University of Rome 'Tor Vergata', Roma (Italy); Marsen, S. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Ass., D-17491 Greifswald (Germany); Melson, T. F. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, Garching (Germany); Silva, C. [EURATOM/IST, Inst. de Plasma e Fusao Nuclear, Inst. Superior Tecnico, Lisboa (Portugal); Collaboration: JET-EFDA Contributors

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

498

Lithium Ion Technology Status and Directions: 2013 Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the state of the art in lithium ion battery technology with respect to the electric transportation and utility energy storage fields. Although lithium ion batteries have become widely accepted as the dominant energy storage technology to be used in electric vehicles, at least for the next decade, their improvement in terms of performance and cost will be an important factor in the adoption of electric vehicles.This report provides a brief review of the technical and ...

2013-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

499

Redox shuttles for safer lithium-ion batteries.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Overcharge protection is not only critical for preventing the thermal runaway of lithium-ion batteries during operation, but also important for automatic capacity balancing during battery manufacturing and repair. A redox shuttle is an electrolyte additive that can be used as intrinsic overcharge protection mechanism to enhance the safety characteristics of lithium-ion batteries. The advances on stable redox shuttles are briefly reviewed. Fundamental studies for designing stable redox shuttles are also discussed.

Chen, Z.; Qin, Y.; Amine, K.; Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Chloromethyl chlorosulfate as a voltage delay inhibitor in lithium cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Chloromethyl chlorosulfate (CMCS) is used as a passive film growth inhibitor in electrochemical cells to minimize voltage delay and low-voltage discharge. Film growth on lithium anodes is significantly diminished when CMCS is added to SOCl{sub 2} and SO{sub 2}Cl{sub 2} electrolytes of lithium batteries. The CMCS also has the effect of extending the shelf-life of Li/SOCl{sub 2} and Li/SO{sub 2}Cl{sub 2} batteries.

Delnick, F.M.

1991-04-05T23:59:59.000Z