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1

AVTA: 2012 Toyota Prius PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Toyota Prius PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports AVTA: 2012 Toyota Prius PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced...

2

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) - Vehicle Testing and...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- cont'd * University of California Davis, with 13 Hymotion Prius being used by 70 public drives * Oregon State Government fleets, 3 Hymotion PHEVs * National Rural Electric...

3

Toyota Gen III Prius Hybrid Electric Vehicle Accelerated Testing...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HEV Accelerated Testing - September 2011 Two model year 2010 Toyota Generation III Prius hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) entered Accelerated testing during July 2009 in a fleet in...

4

AVTA: Toyota Prius PHEV 2013 Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a Toyota Prius PHEV 2013. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.transportation.anl.gov/D3/2013_toyota_prius_phev.html). The reports for download here are based on research done at Idaho National Laboratory. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

5

HEV Fleet Testing - Summary Fact Sheet 2010 Toyota Prius  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Toyota Prius VIN JTDKN3DU2A5010462 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 1.8 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 60 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 885 lbs Features:...

6

2010 Toyota Prius VIN 0462 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5 2010 Toyota Prius VIN 0462 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results Tyler Gray Matthew Shirk January 2013 The Idaho National Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy...

7

2010 Toyota Prius VIN 6063 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6 2010 Toyota Prius VIN 6063 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results Tyler Gray Matthew Shirk January 2013 The Idaho National Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy...

8

Evaluation of 2004 Toyota Prius Hybrid Electric Drive System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 2004 Toyota Prius is a hybrid automobile equipped with a gasoline engine and a battery- and generator-powered electric motor. Both of these motive-power sources are capable of providing mechanical-drive power for the vehicle. The engine can deliver a peak-power output of 57 kilowatts (kW) at 5000 revolutions per minute (rpm) while the motor can deliver a peak-power output of 50 kW over the speed range of 1200-1540 rpm. Together, this engine-motor combination has a specified peak-power output of 82 kW at a vehicle speed of 85 kilometers per hour (km/h). In operation, the 2004 Prius exhibits superior fuel economy compared to conventionally powered automobiles. To acquire knowledge and thereby improve understanding of the propulsion technology used in the 2004 Prius, a full range of design characterization studies were conducted to evaluate the electrical and mechanical characteristics of the 2004 Prius and its hybrid electric drive system. These characterization studies included (1) a design review, (2) a packaging and fabrication assessment, (3) bench-top electrical tests, (4) back-electromotive force (emf) and locked rotor tests, (5) loss tests, (6) thermal tests at elevated temperatures, and most recently (7) full-design-range performance testing in a controlled laboratory environment. This final test effectively mapped the electrical and thermal results for motor/inverter operation over the full range of speeds and shaft loads that these assemblies are designed for in the Prius vehicle operations. This testing was undertaken by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) as part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) program through its vehicle systems technologies subprogram. The thermal tests at elevated temperatures were conducted late in 2004, and this report does not discuss this testing in detail. The thermal tests explored the derating of the Prius motor design if operated at temperatures as high as is normally encountered in a vehicle engine. The continuous ratings at base speed (1200 rpm) with different coolant temperatures are projected from test data at 900 rpm. A separate, comprehensive report on this thermal control study is available [1].

Staunton, Robert H [ORNL; Ayers, Curtis William [ORNL; Chiasson, J. N. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Burress, Timothy A [ORNL; Marlino, Laura D [ORNL

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Evaluation of 2004 Toyota Prius Hybrid Electric Drive System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 2004 Toyota Prius is a hybrid automobile equipped with a gasoline engine and a battery- and generator-powered electric motor. Both of these motive-power sources are capable of providing mechanical-drive power for the vehicle. The engine can deliver a peak-power output of 57 kilowatts (kW) at 5000 revolutions per minute (rpm) while the motor can deliver a peak-power output of 50 kW over the speed range of 1200-1540 rpm. Together, this engine-motor combination has a specified peak-power output of 82 kW at a vehicle speed of 85 kilometers per hour (km/h). In operation, the 2004 Prius exhibits superior fuel economy compared to conventionally powered automobiles. To acquire knowledge and thereby improve understanding of the propulsion technology used in the 2004 Prius, a full range of design characterization studies were conducted to evaluate the electrical and mechanical characteristics of the 2004 Prius and its hybrid electric drive system. These characterization studies included (1) a design review, (2) a packaging and fabrication assessment, (3) bench-top electrical tests, (4) back-electromotive force (emf) and locked rotor tests, (5) loss tests, (6) thermal tests at elevated temperatures, and most recently (7) full-design-range performance testing in a controlled laboratory environment. This final test effectively mapped the electrical and thermal results for motor/inverter operation over the full range of speeds and shaft loads that these assemblies are designed for in the Prius vehicle operations. This testing was undertaken by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) as part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) program through its vehicle systems technologies subprogram. The thermal tests at elevated temperatures were conducted late in 2004, and this report does not discuss this testing in detail. The thermal tests explored the derating of the Prius motor design if operated at temperatures as high as is normally encountered in a vehicle engine. The continuous ratings at base speed (1200 rpm) with different coolant temperatures are projected from test data at 900 rpm. A separate, comprehensive report on this thermal control study is available [1].

Staunton, R.H.; Ayers, C.W.; Chiasson, J.N. (U Tennessee-Knoxville); Burress, B.A. (ORISE); Marlino, L.D.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Microsoft Word - TM-2010-253 - 2010 Prius Report - 26 - Tim ...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

11 EVALUATION OF THE 2010 TOYOTA PRIUS HYBRID SYNERGY DRIVE SYSTEM Prepared by: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Mitch Olszewski, Program Manager Submitted to: Energy Efficiency and...

11

AVTA: Toyota Prius Gen III HEV 2010 Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Toyota Prius III hybrid-electric vehicle. Baseline data, which provides a point of comparison for the other test results, was collected at two different research laboratories. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.transportation.anl.gov/D3/2010_toyota_prius.html). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

12

AVTA: 2012 Toyota Prius PHEV Downloadable Dynamometer Database Reports |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartment of Energy 601Department of Energy Toyota Prius PHEV

13

Property:Incentive/PVNPFitDolKWh | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County,ContAddr2 Jump to: navigation, searchExpireDtStringPVNPFitDolKWh Jump

14

Report on Toyota/Prius Motor Torque-Capability, Torque-Property, No-Load Back EMF, and Mechanical Losses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In today's hybrid vehicle market, the Toyota Prius drive system is currently considered the leader in electrical, mechanical, and manufacturing innovations. It is significant that in today's marketplace, Toyota is able to manufacture and sell the vehicle for a profit. This project's objective is to test the torque capability of the 2004 Prius motor and to analyze the torque properties relating to the rotor structure. The tested values of no-load back electromotive force (emf) and mechanical losses are also presented.

Hsu, J.S.

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

15

Field Operations Program, Toyota PRIUS Hybrid Electric Vehicle Performance Characterization Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Field Operations Program evaluates advanced technology vehicles in real-world applications and environments. Advanced technology vehicles include pure electric, hybrid electric, hydrogen, and other vehicles that use emerging technologies such as fuel cells. Information generated by the Program is targeted to fleet managers and others considering the deployment of advanced technology vehicles. As part of the above activities, the Field Operations Program has initiated the testing of the Toyota Prius hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), a technology increasingly being considered for use in fleet applications. This report describes the Pomona Loop testing of the Prius, providing not only initial operational and performance information, but also a better understanding of HEV testing issues. The Pomona Loop testing includes both Urban and Freeway drive cycles, each conducted at four operating scenarios that mix minimum and maximum payloads with different auxiliary (e.g., lights, air conditioning) load levels.

Francfort, James Edward; Nguyen, N.; Phung, J.; Smith, J.; Wehrey, M.

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Evaluation of 2004 Toyota Prius Hybrid Electric Drive System Interim Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laboratory tests were conducted to evaluate the electrical and mechanical performance of the 2004 Toyota Prius and its hybrid electric drive system. As a hybrid vehicle, the 2004 Prius uses both a gasoline-powered internal combustion engine and a battery-powered electric motor as motive power sources. Innovative algorithms for combining these two power sources results in improved fuel efficiency and reduced emissions compared to traditional automobiles. Initial objectives of the laboratory tests were to measure motor and generator back-electromotive force (emf) voltages and determine gearbox-related power losses over a specified range of shaft speeds and lubricating oil temperatures. Follow-on work will involve additional performance testing of the motor, generator, and inverter. Information contained in this interim report summarizes the test results obtained to date, describes preliminary conclusions and findings, and identifies additional areas for further study.

Ayers, C.W.

2004-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

17

Model year 2010 (Gen 3) Toyota Prius level 1 testing report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a part of the US Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), a model year 2010 Toyota Prius (Generation 3) was procured by eTec (Phoenix, AZ) and sent to ANL's Advanced Powertrain Research Facility for the purposes of 'Level 1' testing in support of the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA). Data was acquired during testing using non-intrusive sensors, vehicle network connection, and facilities equipment (emissions and dynamometer data). Standard drive cycles, performance cycles, steady-state cycles and A/C usage cycles were conducted. Much of this data is openly available for download in ANL's Downloadable Dynamometer Database (D{sup 3}). The major results are shown here in this report. Given the preliminary nature of this assessment, the majority of the testing was done over standard regulatory cycles and seeks to obtain a general overview of how the vehicle performs. These cycles include the US FTP cycle (Urban) and Highway Fuel Economy Test cycle as well as the US06, a more aggressive supplemental regulatory cycle. Data collection for this testing was kept at a fairly high level and includes emissions and fuel measurements from the exhaust emissions bench, high-voltage and accessory current and voltage from a DC power analyzer, and minimal CAN bus data such as engine speed and pedal position. The following sections will seek to explain some of the basic operating characteristics of the MY2010 Prius over standard regulatory cycles.

Rask, E.; Duoba, M.; Lohse-Busch, H.; Bocci, D.; Energy Systems

2010-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

18

2010 Toyota Prius VIN 6063 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2010 Toyota Prius HEV (VIN JTDKN3DU5A0006063). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

2010 Toyota Prius VIN 0462 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Test Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Program consists of vehicle, battery, and infrastructure testing on advanced technology related to transportation. The activity includes tests on hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), including testing the HEV batteries when both the vehicles and batteries are new and at the conclusion of 160,000 miles of on road fleet testing. This report documents battery testing performed for the 2010 Toyota Prius HEV (VIN: JTDKN3DU2A5010462). Battery testing was performed by the Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation dba ECOtality North America. The Idaho National Laboratory and ECOtality North America collaborate on the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity for the Vehicle Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Tyler Gray; Matthew Shirk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Energy, Appliances and Utilities Energy&Environment * EnergySTAR * Toyota PRIUS Myths, Facts, and Hype ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

below) Typical furnace: 1 therm/hr = 100000 BTU/hr = 29.3 kW(h) heating power Typical A/C unit: 3.5 ton therm = 100000 BTU = 29.307 kWhr 1 tonR = 12000 BTU/hr = 3.516 kW(c) cooling rate 1 SEER = (1 BTU)/Whr(e) = 1000 BTU/kWhr = 0.293 kWhr(c)/kWhr(e), i.e., (cooling)/(electrical) ratio What is SEER? How does

Kostic, Milivoje M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Hybrid Electric Vehicle End-Of-Life Testing On Honda Insights, Gen I Civics And Toyota Gen I Priuses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This technical report details the end-of-life fuel efficiency and battery testing on two model year 2001 Honda Insight hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), two model year 2003 Honda Civic HEVs, and two model year 2002 Toyota Prius HEVs. The end-of-life testing was conducted after each vehicle has been operated for approximately 160,000 miles. This testing was conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA). The AVTA is part of DOE’s FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program. SAE J1634 fuel efficiency testing was performed on the six HEVs with the air conditioning (AC) on and off. The AC on and off test results are compared to new vehicle AC on and off fuel efficiencies for each HEV model. The six HEVs were all end-of-life tested using new-vehicle coast down coefficients. In addition, one of each HEV model was also subjected to fuel efficiency testing using coast down coefficients obtained when the vehicles completed 160,000 miles of fleet testing. Traction battery pack capacity and power tests were also performed on all six HEVs during the end-of-life testing in accordance with the FreedomCAR Battery Test Manual For Power-Assist Hybrid Electric Vehicles procedures. When using the new-vehicle coast down coefficients (Phase I testing), 11 of 12 HEV tests (each HEV was tested once with the AC on and once with the AC off) had increases in fuel efficiencies compared to the new vehicle test results. The end-of-life fuel efficiency tests using the end-of-life coast down coefficients (Phase II testing) show decreases in fuel economies in five of six tests (three with the AC on and three with it off). All six HEVs experienced decreases in battery capacities, with the two Insights having the highest remaining capacities and the two Priuses having the lowest remaining capacities. The AVTA’s end-of-life testing activities discussed in this report were conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory; the AVTA testing partner Electric Transportation Applications, and by Exponent Failure Analysis Associates.

James Francfort; Donald Karner; Ryan Harkins; Joseph Tardiolo

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Toyota Prius Plug-In HEV: A Plug-In Hybrid Electric Car in NREL's Advanced Technology Vehicle Fleet (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet highlights the Toyota Prius plug-in HEV, a plug-in hybrid electric car in the advanced technology vehicle fleet at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). In partnership with the University of Colorado, NREL uses the vehicle for grid-integration studies and for testing new hardware and charge-management algorithms. NREL's advanced technology vehicle fleet features promising technologies to increase efficiency and reduce emissions without sacrificing safety or comfort. The fleet serves as a technology showcase, helping visitors learn about innovative vehicles that are available today or are in development. Vehicles in the fleet are representative of current, advanced, prototype, and emerging technologies.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Chlorine hazard evaluation for the zinc-chlorine electric vehicle battery. Final technical report. [50 kWh  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hazards associated with conceivable accidental chlorine releases from zinc-chlorine electric vehicle batteries are evaluated. Since commercial batteries are not yet available, this hazard assessment is based on both theoretical chlorine dispersion models and small-scale and large-scale spill tests with chlorine hydrate (which is the form of chlorine storage in the charged battery). Six spill tests involving the chlorine hydrate equivalent of a 50-kWh battery indicate that the danger zone in which chlorine vapor concentrations intermittently exceed 100 ppM extends at least 23 m directly downwind of a spill onto a warm (30 to 38/sup 0/C) road surface. Other accidental chlorine release scenarios may also cause some distress, but are not expected to produce the type of life-threatening chlorine exposures that can result from large hydrate spills. Chlorine concentration data from the hydrate spill tests compare favorably with calculations based on a quasi-steady area source dispersion model and empirical estimates of the hydrate decomposition rate. The theoretical dispersion model was combined with assumed hydrate spill probabilities and current motor vehicle accident statistics in order to project expected chlorine-induced fatality rates. These calculations indicate that expected chlorine fataility rates are several times higher in a city such as Los Angeles with a warm and calm climate than in a colder and windier city such as Boston. Calculated chlorine-induced fatality rate projections for various climates are presented as a function of hydrate spill probability in order to illustrate the degree of vehicle/battery crashworthiness required to maintain chlorine-induced fatality rates below current vehicle fatality rates due to fires and asphyxiations. 37 figures, 19 tables.

Zalosh, R. G.; Bajpai, S. N.; Short, T. P.; Tsui, R. K.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) ? PHEV Evaluations...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

kWh MPG per FWHET Test Cumulative MPG Cumulative AC kWh 15 FY07 EnergyCS Prius - Fuel Costs EnergyCS PHEV Prius UDDS & HWFET Fuel Cost per Mile 0.000 0.005 0.010 0.015...

25

KWhOURS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 Throttled (botOpen6 Climate ZoneJeromeCountyKGRA Energy LLC JumpKOENENKWhOURS

26

max kwh | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop,SaveWhiskey Flatshydro Home Water Powerlaunch Home Kch's picturemax

27

OpenEI Community - max kwh  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/Geothermal < Oklahomast, 2012Coastfred

28

Comparing Mainframe and Windows Server Transactions per kWh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

..................................................................................................................................15 Air Conditioner (Heat Pump) Efficiency Units

Narasayya, Vivek

29

kWh Analytics: Quality Ratings for PV  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation summarizes the information given during the SunShot Grand Challenge Summit and Technology Forum, June 13-14, 2012.

30

Property:Incentive/PVComFitDolKWh | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County,ContAddr2 Jump to: navigation, searchExpireDtString

31

Property:Incentive/PVResFitDolKWh | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County,ContAddr2 Jump to: navigation,

32

KWH_APS_DPP07_1Page.ppt  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfraredJeffersonJonathan Pershingrelocates 18-ton machine |Inference of

33

HEV Fleet Testing - Summary Fact Sheet for 2010 Toyota Prius  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

courts, law offices, and medical facilities on city streets and urban freeways. Vehicle Specifications Engine: 1.8 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 60 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt...

34

Maintenance Records for 2010 Toyota Prius vin#0462  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DU2A5010462 Date Mileage Description Cost 11232009 5,935 Changed oil and filter, rotated tires, and inspected brakes 31.75 12182009 13,330 Changed oil and filter and inspected...

35

Honey, Did You Plug in the Prius? | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA,Fermi National AcceleratorMemoranda and Action

36

AVTA: 2013 Toyota Prius PHEV Testing Results | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartment of Energy 601Department of Energy Toyota

37

UCDavis University of California A California Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-in Prius Battery kWh: Charge Time: Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 All Electric Range: Price: 3hrs/110v (15A) 1 in single family House · 96% own their house ­ 1% rent in SD ­ 5% rent in other areas · 38-42% have solar panels ­ 18% consider installation ­ 40% have no plan to install · Average Household size 2.7 · 83% have

California at Davis, University of

38

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2AirCompressors | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthorOwnershipCategory Jump to: navigation,Energy

39

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2CirculationFans | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthorOwnershipCategory Jump to:

40

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2ElctrcEngineHeaters | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthorOwnershipCategory Jump to:Energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2ElctrcHeating | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthorOwnershipCategory Jump

42

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2HeatPumps | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthorOwnershipCategory JumpInformation

43

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2LargeComputersServers |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthorOwnershipCategory

44

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2LargeKitchens | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthorOwnershipCategoryInformation

45

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Laundry | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open

46

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Misc | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | OpenInformation Misc Jump to: navigation, search This is

47

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Pcs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | OpenInformation Misc Jump to: navigation, search This

48

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Printers | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | OpenInformation Misc Jump to: navigation, search

49

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Pumps | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | OpenInformation Misc Jump to: navigation,

50

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Total | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | OpenInformation Misc Jump to: navigation,Information

51

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2DigesterLandfillGas | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,Information SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrTownGas Jump to:Energy

52

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2DstrtHeating | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,Information SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrTownGas Jump

53

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2ElctrcHeating | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,Information SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrTownGas Jump

54

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2ElctrtyTotal | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,Information SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrTownGas JumpInformation

55

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Oil-FiredBoiler | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,Information SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrTownGas

56

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Other | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,Information SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrTownGasInformation

57

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2OtherElctrty | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,Information

58

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Pellets | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,InformationInformation Pellets Jump to: navigation, search This is

59

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Total | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,InformationInformation Pellets Jump to: navigation, search This

60

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2WoodChips | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,InformationInformation Pellets Jump to: navigation, search

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

AVTA: 2010 Toyota Prius Gen III HEV Testing Results | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartment of Energy 601 High26-OPAM63-OPAMGuidanceAVTASmart Fortwo

62

Microsoft Word - TM-2010-253 - 2010 Prius Report - 26 - Tim - edited 2-16-2011  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinan antagonist Journal Article: Crystal structureComposite--FORRemarksHEATINGI5613, Rev.QA:4135-Rev. 111

63

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2HeatPumpsUsedForColg | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthorOwnershipCategory JumpInformationEnergy

64

NOT EVERY HYBRID BECOMES ANOT EVERY HYBRID BECOMES A PRIUS: THE CASE AGAINST THEPRIUS: THE CASE AGAINST THE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the expansion of nuclear energyof nuclear energy ·· Waste ManagementWaste Management ·· Fuel Resource Management ITS HYBRID CAR CALLED THE NUCLEON WITH NUCLEAR DRIVECALLED THE NUCLEON WITH NUCLEAR DRIVE #12;Past''s potential fors potential for nuclear applicationsnuclear applications The hybrid blanket must also breed

65

ATOC 3500/CHEM 3151 Spring 2014 Which is more fuel efficient, a Mercedes E250 or a Prius?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. However, there is still a catch...most regular gasoline contains 10% ethanol in order to further reduce pollutants like carbon monoxide. We really need to account for the even lighter weight of 90%/10% gasoline/ethanol done with such a blend). But it's easiest to just do the last calculation. A 90/10 mixture of gasoline/ethanol

Toohey, Darin W.

66

Initial test results from the RedFlow 5 kW, 10 kWh zinc-bromide module, phase 1.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper the performance results of the RedFlow zinc-bromide module (ZBM) Gen 2.0 are reported for Phase 1 of testing, which includes initial characterization of the module. This included physical measurement, efficiency as a function of charge and discharge rates, efficiency as a function of maximum charge capacity, duration of maximum power supplied, and limited cycling with skipped strip cycles. The goal of this first phase of testing was to verify manufacturer specifications of the zinc-bromide flow battery. Initial characterization tests have shown that the ZBM meets the manufacturer's specifications. Further testing, including testing as a function of temperature and life cycle testing, will be carried out during Phase 2 of the testing, and these results will be issued in the final report, after Phase 2 testing has concluded.

Ferreira, Summer Rhodes; Rose, David Martin

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

--No Title--  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

172015 15:50 SLCAIP Hydro Generation Estimates Month Forecast Generation less losses (kWh) Less Proj. Use (kWh) Net Generation (kWh) SHP Deliveries (kWh) Firming Purchases (kWh)...

68

AVTA: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2013 Ford Fusion Energi2013 Ford C-Max Energi Fleet2013 Ford C-Max Energi2012 Chevrolet Volt2012 Toyota Prius2013 Toyota Prius2013 Chevrolet Volt2011 Chrysler Town & Country2010 Quantum...

69

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced hybrid imaging Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Prius Used ... Source: North Carolina State University, North Carolina Solar Center Collection: Renewable Energy ; Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 2...

70

Tradeoffs between Costs and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Design of Urban Transit Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of veh (kWh/veh-km) Cost per kWh ($/kWh) Operating cost ($/of veh (kWh/veh-km) Cost per kWh ($/kWh) Operating cost ($/

Griswold, Julia Baird

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Conservation screening curves to compare efficiency investments to power plants: Applications to commercial sector conservation programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kW. 9¢/kWh 7¢/kWh Gas Turbine 5¢/kWh Combined-Cycle Oilhigh operating costs (such as gas turbines) during those fewtechnology. 9¢/kWh 7¢/kWh Gas Turbine 5¢/kWh Combined-Cycle

Koomey, Jonathan; Rosenfeld, Arthur H.; Gadgil, Ashok J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such as the Toyota Prius, plug-in hybrid cars run on electric power with a gasoline (or biofuel) engine backup

73

Secretary Chu's Remarks at the California Institute of Technology...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

computer tools with embedded energy analysis. It was the system integration of the automobile engine, transmission, brakes and battery that enabled Toyota to create the Prius....

74

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

1. Comparison of operating and incremental costs of battery electric vehicles and conventional gasoline vehicles Characteristics Hybrid electric vehicle (Prius) Plug-in hybrid...

75

CX-002030: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Snohomish County, Washington proposes to use 278,880.00 of Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant funds to support their solar carports and Prius conversion project, DOE...

76

Advanced Technology Vehicle Benchmark and Assessment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to PHEV operation. Allows for flexible engine starting with acceptable emissions Prius Cold Engine Starting Strategy Fusion EV Envelope and Urban Operating Points 9...

77

Learning from Consumers: Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Demonstration and Consumer Education, Outreach, and Market Research Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production of further hybrid cars. ” Similarly, Larry Rhodesbuying Priuses as commute cars—hybrids were “fairly popularhybrid vehicles are being made available to (predominately new-car

Kurani, Kenneth S; Axsen, Jonn; Caperello, Nicolette; Davies, Jamie; Stillwater, Tai

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Symbolism and the Adoption of Fuel-Cell Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

owner, who traded in his BMW for a Toyota Prius, struggledthan he used to drive his BMW – during his first few months

Heffner, Reid R.; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

A study of time-dependent responses of a mechanical displacement ventilation (DV) system and an underfloor air distribution (UFAD) system : building energy performance of the UFAD system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kWh. The elec- tricity cost per kWh is obtained from U.S.Ad- ministration. The gas cost per kWh is calculated fromper kWh. The electricity cost per kWh is obtained from U.S.

Yu, Jong Keun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Estimated Value of Service Reliability for Electric Utility Customers in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kW demand and costs per annual kWh sales. Cost estimates arePer Un-served kWh Cost Per Annual kWh Small C&I Cost PerPer Un-served kWh Cost Per Annual kWh Residential Cost Per

Sullivan, M.J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

increases in size, the cost per kWh decreases significantly.batteries typically cost about $100 per kWh for “wet” typesto MW in size and cost $500 to $800 per kWh. As the overall

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Conservation Screening Curves to Compare Efficiency Investments to Power Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

variable costs, and cost per delivered kWh. The informationvariable costs, and cost per delivered kWh. The informationto represent the cost per delivered kWh), while CAPP may be

Koomey, J.G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Commercializing Light-Duty Plug-In/Plug-Out Hydrogen-Fuel-Cell Vehicles:“Mobile Electricity” Technologies, Early California Household Markets, and Innovation Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electricity rates on a cost per kWh basis only with someTable 2-5 presents the cost per kWh produced by variousHybrid battery module cost per kWh required for lifecycle

Williams, Brett D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the amortised investment cost per kWh of the DG unit is lessis equal to the fixed cost per kWh of switching states. Forcurves reflects the investment cost per kWh. As indicated in

Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

amortised investment cost per kWh e of the DG unit is lessis equal to the fixed cost per kWh e of switching states.reflects the investment cost per kWh e . As indicated in

Siddiqui, Afzal

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

COST-EFFECTIVE VISIBILITY-BASED DESIGN PROCEDURES FOR GENERAL OFFICE LIGHTING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were calculated at the stated cost per Kwh by assuming 30to the work surface. The costs per Kwh essentially span themostly dependent upon the cost per Kwh divided by the area

Clear, Robert

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Commercializing light-duty plug-in/plug-out hydrogen-fuel-cell vehicles: “Mobile Electricity” technologies and opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Table 2-5 presents the cost per kWh produced by variouselectricity rates on a cost per kWh basis only with someHybrid battery module cost per kWh required for lifecycle

Williams, Brett D; Kurani, Kenneth S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

The Potential of Plug-in Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles as Grid Resources: the Case of a Gas and Petroleum Oriented Elecricity Generation System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the battery depletion cost per kWh transferred could bethe battery depletion cost per kWh transferred from off-peakhigher battery depletion cost per kWh transferred under the

Greer, Mark R

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Conservation screening curves to compare efficiency investments to power plants: Applications to commercial sector conservation programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

variable costs, and cost per delivered kWh. The informationvariable costs, and cost per delivered kWh. The informationto represent the cost per delivered kWh), while CAPP may be

Koomey, Jonathan; Rosenfeld, Arthur H.; Gadgil, Ashok J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Electricity Rate Structures and the Economics of Solar PV: Could Mandatory Time-of-Use Rates Undermine California’s Solar Photovoltaic Subsidies?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ation-adjusted) levelized cost per kWh of power the panelsarrive at a lifetime real cost per kWh produced. Studies ofnot for soiling. The cost per kWh is then calculated by ?

Borenstein, Severin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Commercializing Light-Duty Plug-In/Plug-Out Hydrogen-Fuel-Cell Vehicles: "Mobile Electricity" Technologies, Early California Household Markets, and Innovation Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Table 2-5 presents the cost per kWh produced by variousHybrid battery module cost per kWh required for lifecycleelectricity rates on a cost per kWh basis only with some

Williams, Brett D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT DIVISION. ANNUAL REPORT FY 1980  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kWh) (kWh) b b Refrigerator and Freezer (kWh) Source: Unionseveral months for refrigerators and freezers to a maximumPart 2, June, 1980. Refrigerator/freezers Freezers Clothes

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

California’s Energy Future: Transportation Energy Use in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

associated reductions in cost per kWh. Over time, largerpack costs for BEV sedan as a function of assumed per kWh

Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M; Hwang, Roland; Sperling, Daniel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

have lower operational costs per kWh produced. There is alsoper kWh of energy, the energy payback time (EPBT), the cost

Norwood, Zachary Mills

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Demand-Side Management and Energy Efficiency Revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

programs, and the average cost per kWh saved. Using utilitythat the average per kWh program costs reported by utilities

Auffhammer, Maximilian; Blumstein, Carl; Fowlie, Meredith

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Energy dispatch schedule optimization and cost benefit analysis for grid-connected, photovoltaic-battery storage systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or $100- 400 per kWh) at an installed cost of approximatelyinstalled cost of about $400 - $500 per kWh (approximately

Nottrott, A.; Kleissl, J.; Washom, B.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Investigation of the Role of Trap States in Solar Cell Reliability using Photothermal Deflection Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electricity. The average cost per kWh (Kilowatt Hour) ofdirectly currently cost around $0.24 per kWh in Central and

Bezryadina, Anna Sergeyevna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Verification...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

annual energy savings Electric: 12024 kWh Natural Gas: 181 Therms Electric: 13593 kWh Natural gas: 35 Therms Energy cost rates Estimated annual emissions reductions...

99

Assessment of Indoor Air Quality Benefits and Energy Costs of Mechanical Ventilation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heating, given the higher cost per KWh for electricity, aaverage cost of electrical energy per kilowatt-hour (kWh) is

Logue, J.M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4A. Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for All Buildings, 2003 Electricity Consumption Electricity Expenditures per Building (thousand kWh) per Square Foot (kWh)...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

E-Print Network 3.0 - area guizhou province Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and John Gibson Summary: exporting Provinces in 2006 included Shanxi, 43 billion KWh (coal based); Guizhou 36 billion KWh (coal based... driving demand and supply. The final...

102

Nonlinear Pricing in Energy and Environmental Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the state level, the cost per kWh reduction was 14.8 cents.study concludes that the cost per kWh savings range from 29kWh consumption. The average cost per kWh reduction is 14.8

Ito, Koichiro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Guidelines for Company Reporting on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Annexes updated July 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0.32 LPG kWh x 0.214 therms x 6.27 litres x 1.49 Coking Coal tonnes x 2736 kWh x 0.331 Aviation.63 Petrol tonnes x 3135 kWh x 0.24 litres x 2.30 Fuel Oil tonnes x 3223 kWh x 0.27 Coal2 tonnes x 2548 kWh xWh x 0.25 Petroleum Coke tonnes x 3410 kWh x 0.34 Refinery Miscellaneous kWh x 0.24 therms x 7

104

Portland General Electric Company Fourth Revision of Sheet No. 32-1 P.U.C. Oregon No. E-17 Canceling Third Revision of Sheet No. 32-1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Over 5,000 kWh 0.264 ¢ per kWh Energy Charge Standard Cost of Service Offer 4.677 ¢ per kWh (I) or Time.00 Transmission and Related Services Charge 0.248 ¢ per kWh Distribution Charge First 5,000 kWh 2.350 ¢ per kWh-of-Use (TOU) Offer (enrollment is necessary) On-Peak Period 7.817 ¢ per kWh (I) Mid-Peak Period 4.677 ¢ per kWh

105

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity plug-in hybrid Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Electric Vehicles 109 Chapter 5: The Impact of Distributed Summary: of a PHEV. Tesla Roadster Nissan Leaf GM Chevy Volt Toyota Plug-in Prius Type Battery Battery Plug-in...

106

A study in hybrid vehicle architectures : comparing efficiency and performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a comparison of performance and efficiencies for four vehicle power architectures; the internal combustion engine (ICE), the parallel hybrid (i.e. Toyota Prius), the serial hybrid (i.e. Chevrolet Volt), ...

Cotter, Gavin M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Advanced Vehicle Benchmarking of HEVs and PHEVs  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

rd Qtr 2008 - 2010 Honda Insight: 3 rd Qtr 2009 - 2010 Toyota Prius: 4 th Qtr 2009 - 2010 Fusion Hybrid: 4 th Qtr 2009 - 2010 Saturn Vue Hybrid: 4 th Qtr 2009 PHEV Benchmarking -...

108

Essays in Behavioral Economics and Environmental Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

flex-fuel fleet), and hybrid cars (like the Prius, the HondaStates; 48% of the 290,271 hybrid cars sold in the U.S. indescribed by Khan, with hybrid cars enjoying greater market

Sexton, Steven E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Plug-In Demo Charges up Clean Cities Coalitions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Clean Cities Coordinators across the country highlight the benefits of plug-in hybrids and help collect valuable usage data as part of a demonstration project for the upcoming plug-in hybrid model of the Toyota Prius.

110

In the Viewpoints section, academics, practitioners and experts share their perspectives on policy questions relevant to sustainable development. In this issue, experts address the question  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" house, buying lots of environmentally sustainable products, driving his/her Prius 20,000 miles a year, cultural and ecological criteria, and how "business-as-usual" development and more sustainable alternatives

Vermont, University of

111

AVTA HEV, NEV, BEV and HICEV Demonstrations and Testing  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Testing * 18 HEV models and 47 HEVs tested to date: Year Model Vehicles Testing Status 2001 Honda Insight 6 Completed 2002 Gen I Toyota Prius 6 Completed 2003 Gen I Honda...

112

Fact #762: January 14, 2013 Sales from Introduction: Hybrid Vehicles...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

14, 2013 Sales from Introduction: Hybrid Vehicles vs. Plug-in Vehicles The Toyota Prius hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV) was first released in the U.S. market in January 2000 and...

113

How to Estimate the Value of Service Reliability Improvements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and costs per annual kWh. Cost estimates are provided forper event, costs per average kW, costs per un-served kWhinvestments: 1. Cost per un-served kWh is substantially

Sullivan, Michael J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

industrial users. Costs and per kWh increased from to 2.7rf-30, 1978, the average cost per kWh was 6.09i for residential

Sands, M. D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Measured energy performance of a US-China demonstration energy-efficient office building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Operation kWh Making ice, Cooling storage is 1846.8kWh 2 Icebuilding is equipped with a cooling ice storage system Peakmeasured data on ice storage power and cooling load was not

Xu, Peng; Huang, Joe; Jin, Ruidong; Yang, Guoxiong

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Societal lifetime cost of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10,000-psi tank cost $2,458, or $11.1/kWh. Carbon fiber wastank cost is in the range of $10-$17/kWh and carbon fiber

Sun, Yongling; Ogden, J; Delucchi, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

DOE Offers $15 Million Geothermal Heat Recovery Opportunity ...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

FOA also calls for the reduction of the levelized cost of electricity for new methods of geothermal energy production from 0.10 kWh to 0.06 kWh. Applicants must submit an...

118

Development and Application of Advanced Models for Steam Hydrogasification: Process Design and Economic Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to small scale electricity generation plants and is alsoElectricity Use (KWh/gallon FT Liquid) Plant Electricity Generation (Electricity Usage (MW) Plant Electricity Use (KWh/gallon FT Liquid) Plant Electricity Generation (

Lu, Xiaoming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

The relationship between policy choice and the size of the policy region: Why small jurisdictions may prefer renewable energy policies to reduce CO2 emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can be true. Either, coal generation can be sold in bothin the policy region and coal generation must be utilized inKWh) Pre-Policy Coal Generation (KWh) ? r ? g ? c Demand

Accordino, Megan H.; Rajagopal, Deepak

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Development and Application of Advanced Models for Steam Hydrogasification: Process Design and Economic Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5. Power generation via IGCC from bituminous coal. It shouldElectricity Generation (KWh/gallon FT Liquid) Coal-to-PowerElectricity Generation (KWh/gallon FT Liquid) Coal-to-Power

Lu, Xiaoming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with PV Annual PV Energy Production ( $ / kWh ) Expressingwith PV Annual PV Energy Production ( $ / kWh ) It is clearanalysis, and the annual energy production of a PV system,

Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Flow of mantle fluids through the ductile lower crust: Helium isotope trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

particularly for geothermal energy development. Mantlex 10 kWh of accessible geothermal energy. This is a sizable

Kennedy, B. Mack; van Soest, Matthijs C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

The Open Source Stochastic Building Simulation Tool SLBM and Its Capabilities to Capture Uncertainty of Policymaking in the U.S. Building Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

market share [1] levelized cost of energy [$/kWh] specificwith the lowest levelized costs of energy supply will gain

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Value and Technology Assessment to Enhance the Business Case for the CERTS Microgrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

battery 220$/kWh and 2125$/kW photovoltaics Table ES 5. Energy storage parameters Description charging efficiency (

Lasseter, Robert

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

substantial (517 kW) and the battery bank huge (2082 kWh),181 kW), as is the battery bank (1518 kWh). In this case thePV array and a huge battery bank (6434 kWh). Note that this

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Value and Technology Assessment to Enhance the Business Case for the CERTS Microgrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

substantial (517 kW) and the battery bank huge (2082 kWh),181 kW), as is the battery bank (1518 kWh). In this case thePV array and a huge battery bank (6434 kWh). Note that this

Lasseter, Robert

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Exceeding Energy Consumption Design Expectations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) the building consumed 208.7 kWh m-2 yr-1, 83% of the expected energy consumption (250 kWh m-2 yr-1). This dropped further to 176.1 kWh m-2 yr-1 in 2012 (70% below expected). Factors affecting building energy consumption have been discussed and appraised...

Castleton, H. F.; Beck, S. B. M.; Hathwat, E. A.; Murphy, E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Essays on the Economics of Environmental Issues: The Environmental Kuznets Curve to Optimal Energy Portfolios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

levelized generating costs per kWh. Expected portfolioThis is due to the high cost per kWh (low return) shown in2 costs are derived by multiplying 1kg of CO 2 per kWh for

Meininger, Aaron G.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Techno-Economic Analysis of Indian Draft Standard Levels for Room Air Conditioners  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the current cost of production of 3.5 Rs per kWh. It isthe average cost of production to be 3.50 Rs. per kWh, or $the cost of production significantly at 4.80 Rs. per kWh. As

McNeil, Michael A.; Iyer, Maithili

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

customer groups. While the cost per kWh for each respectivewith the average cost declines, per kWh for average andcost of doing so would be zero (prior to 2011), or small, on the order of 5 cents per kWh (

McAllister, Joseph Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

LIGHTING CONTROLS: SURVEY OF MARKET POTENTIAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Increased Energy Cost (B$) @ $0.10 per kWh Decrease Energytypical energy costs ($0.05 to $0.10 per kWh), and standardand for energy costs of $0.05 and $0.10 per kWh for four

Verderber, R.R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Providing better indoor environmental quality brings economic benefits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to operate fans cost 0.10 € per kWh, the daily energy costdata, and energy costs of 0.04 € per kWh for heat and 0.1 €0.05 and 0.15 € per kWh, the benefit-cost ratios are 80 and

Fisk, William; Seppanen, Olli

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Potential Electricity Impacts of a 1978 California Drought  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is assumed to cost 11 mills per kWh in steam expense.33are assumed to cost 32 mills per kWh to PG&E. fuel costs,we arrive at costs of 24 mills per kWh for oil genera- tion

Sathaye, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Sustainable use of California biomass resources can help meet state and national bioenergy targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cost adds approxi- mately $0.01 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) torealize costs ranging from $0.05 to $0.07 per kWh. Where on-costs from biomass currently range from $0.06 to $0.10 per kWh

Jenkins, Bryan M; Williams, Robert B; Gildart, Martha C; Kaffka, Stephen R.; Hartsough, Bruce; Dempster, Peter G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Selecting Thermal Storage Systems for Schools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

per meter + KWH charge. On peak monthly average (June 89 thru September 89) $.0676/KWH. Off peak monthly average (October 89 thru May 90) $.0481/KWH. Natural Gas - Lone Star Gas Company - September 88 thru August 89 monthly average $4.41 MCF...

Maxwell, C. L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

J.Ongena Our Energy Future Bochum, 18 November 2012 How to shape our future energy supply ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ 5kWh One liter of petrol ­ 10kWh One aluminum can for coke, water,... (15g) ­ 0.6kWh Energy : Some: There are only 3 different methods to produce energy 1. Burning Fossil Fuels : Coal, Oil, Gas ? Enormous in the world (2007) Energy source Power [TW] Contribution [%] Oil 4.6 36.6 Coal 3.12 24.9 Gas 3.02 24.1 Hydro

Gerwert, Klaus

137

Final Project Due: May 18, 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Geos 206 Final Project Due: May 18, 2010 Save the trees, and the music stands: An Energy: Monthly totals Total Electricity in kWh Average kWh per day Cost $.11/kWh Emissions .41 kg/kWh (unit in kg electricity bill, cost and emissions of the Bernhard/Chapin complex. 4 Figure 3: This graph provides a monthly

Aalberts, Daniel P.

138

Analysis of Energy Consumption of Duplex Residences in College Station, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heating base ioad base load cooling heating days temperature kwh kwh kwh % month month January 31 48.5 0 705 836 54 0 1 February 28.25 52.4 0 507 762 60 0 1 March 31 60.3 0 255 836 77 0 1 April 30 68.2 0 0 809 100 0 0 May 31 74.6 175 0 836 83 1 0...

Kim, S. B.; Woods, P. K.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Consumer-Friendly and Environmentally-Sound Electricity Rates for the Twenty-First Century By Lee S. Friedman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and changing fuel costs. However, the cost of providing electricity varies from as low as 1-cent per kWh continue to pay a rate per kilowatt-hour (kWh) that does not vary at all within a day. I will refer to over $1 per kWh depending upon the time and day that it is provided. Those on time invariant rates pay

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

140

The Cost of Power Disturbances to Industrial & Digital Economy Companies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-4: Average Cost Per Outage by Annual kWh and Duration 2-5 Figure 2-5: Average Cost Per Outage for DE by Data-5: Average Annual Per Establishment Cost of Outages by Annual kWh 3-6 Figure 3-6: Aggregate Annual Cost-4: Average Annual Per Establishment Cost of PQ Problems by Annual kWh 4-4 Figure 4-5: Aggregate Annual Cost

Schrijver, Karel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Influence of Rotor Structure and Number of Phases on Torque and Flux Weakening Characteristics of V-shape Interior PM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, phase back-EMF, constant power operating capability. Keywords: V-shape magnet machine, straight number on the machine characteristics, PRIUS structure is transformed into 5-phase machine of the same type and dimensions. As well, an optimization procedure is carried out to determine the optimal open

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

142

Save-the Date: September 17th and 18th Charge Across Town's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and showing its Prius Plug-in; PG&E will show an extended range electric (eREV) pickup truck from VIA Motors and City Car Share electric vehicles; and finally the luxury cars Fisker Karma and the Tesla Model S! Learn

Mullins, Dyche

143

A CorridorCentric Approach to Planning Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and around the world ­ Plugin EV sales are expected o account for 0.3 percent of all cars sales by 2015. (Ohnishi, 2008) #12;Introduction · Why electric vehicles? ­ EV are energy efficient: with a welltowheel efficiency around 1.15 km/mJ, Evs are almost as twice as efficient as Toyota Prius (Romm, 2006). ­ Electric

Nagurney, Anna

144

LowCostGHG ReductionCARB 3/03 Low-Cost and Near-Term Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

manufacturers to focus on high fuel-economy cars. And Toyota Prius and Honda Civic Hybrid are wonderful, or oil resources. Nor would the anticipated 40 mpg Ford Escape hybrid in the "small SUV" class Cycle (UDC) for representative cars and light trucks.1 The horizontal axis shows measured emissions

Edwards, Paul N.

145

| | English | | | RSS | www.sciencenet.cn 2007-9-11 23:28:9  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

] "Do you go to office by bike or bus, or by hybrid car?" the reporter from SCIENCENET was the first and his wife Susan drive their hybrid car Prius when really needed. The so-called hybrid car means the car worldwide hybrid car produced by Toyota in Japan. Indeed, Prof. Zare has a high expectation on hybrid cars

Zare, Richard N.

146

Market Implications of Synergism Between Low Drag Area and Electric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

compared, Drag Area per unit vehicle mass dropped consistently from the EPRI 2001 base case vs. 3 HEVs the UDDS, Highway, and US06 Cycles. The 2001 EPRI Base Case Had a High Drag Area. Prius/Volt-like Drag Areas (EPRI Low Load & MIT) Improved 48 MPH "per Mile" Results Significantly 7 #12;Absolute Savings per

147

The inverter in a hybrid or fully  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The inverter in a hybrid or fully electric vehicle, such as the Toyota Prius, supplies power from the batteries to the motor. Inverters used in this application are currently limited by their power new material devices under real operating conditions. A project with TRW and others is investigating

Davies, Christopher

148

Author's personal copy Neural Networks 21 (2008) 458465  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vehicle (HEV) are more complex than those of the internal combustion engine-only vehicle because they have the appropriate power split between the electric motor and the engine to minimize fuel consumption and emissions of CI techniques. The Prius powertrain uses a planetary gear mechanism to connect an internal combustion

Prokhorov, Danil

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Water and Energy Interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy intensive of the four types—consume 2,951 kWh of electricity per million gallons (3.8 million liters) of treated water

McMahon, James E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Guidelines to Defra's GHG conversion factors for company reporting Annexes updated June 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.498 Coking Coal tonnes x 2810 x 2810 kWh x 0.349 x 0.332 Aviation Spirit tonnes x 3128 x 3128 kWh x 0.250 x 0.281 x 0.267 Burning Oil1 tonnes x 3150 x 3150 kWh x 0.258 x 0.245 litres x 2.518 x 2.518 Coal 2 tonnes xWh x 0.249 x 0.237 Lubricants tonnes x 3171 x 3171 kWh x 0.263 x 0.250 Petroleum Coke tonnes x 3410 x

151

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

biogas digester .. Installation of a biogas digester  In order to demonstrate heat value of biogas production: 321 kWh.   The digester is 

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Automated Demand Response Technologies and Demonstration in New York City using OpenADR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C. McParland, "Open Automated Demand Response Communications2011. Utility & Demand Response Programs Energy ProviderAnnual Consumption (kWh) Demand Response Program Curtailment

Kim, Joyce Jihyun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative fuels experience Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT Summary: -hours (kWh) of experience. The company's presently markets phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC) and PEM units... 2008 FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES...

154

Air movement as an energy efficient means toward occupant comfort  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

only by electrical lighting (481 trillion BTU vs. 1340only by electrical lighting (141 billion kWh vs. 393 billion

Arens, Edward; Zhang, Hui; Pasut, Wilmer; Zhai, Yongchao; Hoyt, Tyler; Huang, Li

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Measured Energy Savings from the Application of Reflective Roofs in 3 AT&T Regeneration Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the buildings are about 125kWh per year (8.6 kWh/m2 [0.8 kWh/ft2 ]); at a cost of $0.1/kWh, savings are about the reflectivities increased to about 72%. In two of these buildings, we monitored savings of about 0.5kWh per day of about 13kWh per day (860 Wh/m2 [80 Wh/ft2 ]). These savings probably resulted from the differences

156

Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

battery storage.grid, the cost of battery storage per unit of load servedalong with 22 kWh of battery storage. This study claims only

Garbesi, Karina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

--No Title--  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4. Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Electricity Consumption Electricity Expenditures per Building (thousand kWh) per Square Foot...

158

Residential Electricity Demand in China -- Can Efficiency Reverse the Growth?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for 90% of household electricity consumption in China. Usinggives an annual electricity consumption of 12kWh assumingto look at is electricity consumption at the household

Letschert, Virginie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Essays in Public Economics and Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

but only economic incentives (kWh) Simulations: totargets through economic incentives is often consideredtargets through economic incentives (e.g. , prices) is often

Gerard, Francois

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Flow of mantle fluids through the ductile lower crust: Helium isotope trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

particularly for geothermal energy development. Mantlex 10 kWh of accessible geothermal energy. This is a sizableBasic Energy Sciences and Office of Geothermal Technologies

Kennedy, B. Mack; van Soest, Matthijs C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Preliminary Assumptions for Natural Gas Peaking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

") 179 MW lifecycle Site heat rate (Btu/kwh): 9,350 ("new and clean") 9,430 lifecycle (36% efficiency

162

Performance Analysis of XCPC Powered Solar Cooling Demonstration Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

47 3.8 Economic Evaluation…………………………………………………………….49 4. AElectrical (kWh) Electrical COP 3.8 Economic Evaluation Asimple economic evaluation of the system was performed using

Widyolar, Bennett

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Table C22. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Year Constructed for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace...

164

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

165

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

7A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 1 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

166

--No Title--  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

167

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

2A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Year Constructed for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

168

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 2 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

169

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

9A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 3 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

170

--No Title--  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Climate Zonea for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

171

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

0A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Climate Zonea for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

172

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real Prices (2005$) Crude Oil (left) US Retail Gasoline (retail prices in California including PG&E residential electricity $0.1144/kWh, gasolineretail prices Gasoline

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real Prices (2005$) Crude Oil (left) US Retail Gasoline (retail prices in California including PG&E residential electricity $0.1144/kWh, gasolineretail prices Gasoline

Farrell, Alexander; Sperling, Daniel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6A. Electricity Expenditures by Census Region for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Expenditures (million dollars) Electricity Expenditures (dollars) per kWh per Square Foot...

175

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electricity prices with non-generation costs of $0.07816/kWh (Pacific Gas and Electric Company, 2006). Households

Farrell, Alexander; Sperling, Daniel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electricity prices with non-generation costs of $0.07816/kWh (Pacific Gas and Electric Company, 2006). Households

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Water, Neighborhoods and Urban Design: Micro-Utilities and the Fifth Infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the very aggressive “passive house” standard of 15 Kwh/m2-yplus energy houses”) which combine a passive solar direct

Elmer, Vicki; Fraker, Harrison

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Japan's Residential Energy Demand Outlook to 2030 Considering Energy Efficiency Standards "Top-Runner Approach"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transformers Electric Rice Cookers, DVD Recorders, MicrowaveElectric Toilet Seats Rice Cookers kWh/year kWh/year kWh/

Komiyama, Ryoichi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

What does a negawatt really cost?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use data from ten utility conservation programs to calculate the cost per kWh of electricity saved -- the cost of a "negawatthour" -- resulting from these programs. We first compute the life-cycle cost per kWh saved ...

Joskow, Paul L.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Long Term Operation of Renewable Energy Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hot water, daylighting, passive cooling, and generation of electricity from a 10 kW wind turbine and 1.9 kW of photovoltaic panels, each connected to the utility grid through inverters. Since 1991, 16,900 kWh have been purchased and 31,300 kWh returned...

Nelson, V.; Starcher, K.; Davis, D.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production can be a very electricity intensive. Provide information on energy efficiency potential Electricity Use in Indoor Production Aluminum Production ~ 16 KWH/kg Indoor Cannabis production ~ 5000 KWH 3, 2014 MEMORANDUM TO: Power Committee FROM: Massoud Jourabchi SUBJECT: Electrical load impacts

182

Energy Fluxes optimization for PV integrated Rim.Missaoui, Ghaith.Warkozek, Seddik. Bacha, Stphane.Ploix.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capable both to satisfy the maximum available electrical energy constraint and to maximize user comfort-time simulation I. NOMENCLATURE t Sampling step time, [hour]. Sampling time of the anticipatory layer. i by the load [kWh]. E (i, k) Energy produced by the source i during period k [kWh]. Ppv PV power produced

Boyer, Edmond

183

H A&S 222a: Introduction to Energy and Environment (Life Under the Pale Sun) out: Tues 4 April 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

turbines connected to electrical generators, making that much average electric power). An average family) in this comparison? ·Electrical energy is sold by the kilowatt hour (KWH). What is the cost of one KWH in Seattle (for example being the electrical energy required to burn a 100-watt light bulb for 10 hours). Convert

184

1360 Barrington Street P.O. Box 1000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1 cents per kWh. This seems excessive, considering that residential electricity now costs about 10 cents per kWh. It is unclear whether this is the annual cost or the projected cost in 2029. The cost the consumer cost is pegged at $141 million with an energy savings of 1,551 GWh (see Table, page 15) or about 9

Hughes, Larry

185

Physics Today Livermore ends LIFE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

represent considerable sav- ings, since vanadium electrolyte costs about $200/kWh. The company antici- pates and for a cost of $1000 per unit. Using other bat- tery technologies, such units now sell for around $4000. Other Scuderi, business development manager, the Zn­MnO2 technology could attain the $100/kWh cost target once

186

Saving Fuel, Reducing Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cost and the marginal fuel savings (assuming a base case of ten cents per kWhper kWh, which would bring it in line with the break-even costcost per mile: electricity vs. gasoline PRICE OF ELECTRICITY ($/kWh)

Kammen, Daniel M.; Arons, Samuel M.; Lemoine, Derek M.; Hummel, Holmes

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5W to 1 W, at a cost of two cents per kWh. Electric cookingassume a cost of conserved energy of two cents per kWh forCost of Conserved Energy Utility Price $ per MMbtu $ per kWh

Bojda, Nicholas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

CeSOS Highlights and AMOS Visions 27-29th May 2013 Aurlien Babarit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2013 Criteria for comparison > The true criterion is cost of kWh. > kWh (power production) can absorption · Income side of COE · The higher the power absorption per unit, the less the installation cost a limit to the allowed cost for viability #12;A. Babarit CeSOS Highlights and AMOS Visions ­ 27-29th May

Nørvåg, Kjetil

189

COMPUTER DESIGN AND OPTIMIZATION OF CRYOGENIC REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the assumed electrical energy cost is $0.04 per kWh.cost (the cost is given in US$ per kWh at 80.4°K) andThe cost of nitrogen refrigeration given in $ per kWh at

green, M.A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: United Irrigation District of Hidalgo County (United) - Rehabilitation of Main Canal, Laterals, and Diversion Pump Station - Preliminary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

construction cost per BTU (kwh) of energy savings measure is $0.0003376 per BTU ($1.152 per kwh). The aggregate ratio of initial construction costs per dollar of total annual economic savings is estimated to be -3.442....

Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.

191

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

have a much higher cost per kWh produced than baseload coal,life to 30 years on the cost per kWh is fairly small due tocosts through non-energy payments, which are incorporated as a constant per-kWh

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Microgrid Selection and Operation for Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a low storage, PV, and solar thermal price run; and 6. a lowstorage of US$50/kWh for solar thermal and US$60/kWh forof 2.5US$/W & low solar thermal costs (minus 10% of original

Marnay, Chris; Environmental Energy Technologies Division

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

LABORATOIRE D'ECONOMIE DE LA PRODUCTION ET DE L'INTEGRATION INTERNATIONALE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wh/h] Smax = Storage system capacity [kWh] SOCmax = Storage upper capacity limit [kWh] SOCmin = Storage lower = Storage efficiency Greek symbols - Decision variables (t) = Binary decision variable, (t) = 1 if the battery is in charge mode, (t) = 0 if the battery is in discharge mode (t) = Binary decision variable, (t

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

194

Conservation screening curves to compare efficiency investments to power plants: Applications to commercial sector conservation programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

short-run marginal cost or avoided cost) to get a value ofcan be added to the fuel cost avoided by each kWh (i.e. ,CCE, in ¢/kWh) and the Cost of Avoided Peak Power (CAPP, in

Koomey, Jonathan; Rosenfeld, Arthur H.; Gadgil, Ashok J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

2015 Vehicle Buyer's Guide (Brochure), Clean Cities, Energy...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Year) Driving Range (Miles) GHG Score** Fuel Economy (MPGe) CityHwy Starting MSRP BMW i3 125 kW21 kWh 0.2 81 10 137114 41,350 Chevrolet Spark 104 kW20 kWh 0.2 82 10 128...

196

Increasing Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions from China's Cement Kilns: Audit Report of Two Cement Plants in Shandong Province, China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conversion: 1 kwh = 10,500 Btu for power production Averageelectricity and at 10,500 Btu/kwh or 2,646 kcal/kHz energyHCs Unit Nm3/hr Nm3/hr cfh Btu/scf MM Btu/hr GJ/hr Btu/scf

Price, Lynn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Building Information Modeling (BIM), Utilized During the Design and Construction Phase of a Project Has the Potential to Create a Valuable Asset in Its Own Right ('BIMASSET') at Handover that in Turn Enhances the Value of the Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be drawn from the manufacturing industry. A similarity to the BIM collaboration process can be found in the Toyota Production System. A vehicle development system called the ?Obeya? system was developed for the Prius, which is now the new standard... for Toyota. The system serves two main purposes, which is information management and on the spot decision making. It enabled project participants to keep track of the project development schedule through the CAD terminals, schedules with checkpoints...

Patrick, R.; Munir, M.; Jeffrey, H.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Technology and Cost of the Model Year (MY) 2007 Toyota Camry HEV Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) provides research and development (R&D) support to the Department of Energy on issues related to the cost and performance of hybrid vehicles. ORNL frequently benchmarks its own research against commercially available hybrid components currently used in the market. In 2005 we completed a detailed review of the cost of the second generation Prius hybrid. This study examines the new 2007 Camry hybrid model for changes in technology and cost relative to the Prius. The work effort involved a detailed review of the Camry hybrid and the system control strategy to identify the hybrid components used in the drive train. Section 2 provides this review while Section 3 presents our detailed evaluation of the specific drive train components and their cost estimates. Section 3 also provides a summary of the total electrical drive train cost for the Camry hybrid vehicle and contrasts these estimates to the costs for the second generation Prius that we estimated in 2005. Most of the information on cost and performance were derived from meetings with the technical staff of Toyota, Nissan, and some key Tier I suppliers like Hitachi and Panasonic Electric Vehicle Energy (PEVE) and we thank these companies for their kind cooperation.

None

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

199

Technology and Cost of the MY 2007 toyota Camry HEV -- A Subcontract Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) provides research and development (R&D) support to the Department of Energy on issues related to the cost and performance of hybrid vehicles. ORNL frequently benchmarks its own research against commercially available hybrid components currently used in the market. In 2005 we completed a detailed review of the cost of the second generation Prius hybrid. This study examines the new 2007 Camry hybrid model for changes in technology and cost relative to the Prius. The work effort involved a detailed review of the Camry hybrid and the system control strategy to identify the hybrid components used in the drive train. Section 2 provides this review while Section 3 presents our detailed evaluation of the specific drive train components and their cost estimates. Section 3 also provides a summary of the total electrical drive train cost for the Camry hybrid vehicle and contrasts these estimates to the costs for the second generation Prius that we estimated in 2005. Most of the information on cost and performance were derived from meetings with the technical staff of Toyota, Nissan, and some key Tier I suppliers like Hitachi and Panasonic Electric Vehicle Energy (PEVE) and we thank these companies for their kind cooperation.

Marlino, Laura D [ORNL

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

23rd steam-station cost survey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of the 23rd Steam Station Cost Survey covering the year 1982 are summarized. The major categories of the survey are as follows: general data; output data, 1982; fuel consumption, 1982; operation 1982 (mills/net kWh); investment ($/net kWh); energy cost, 1982 (mills/net kWh); and station performance, 1982. Thirty-one fossil-fuel steam plants and four nuclear stations were included in the survey. Fuel and operating cost increases are felt to be responsible for the moderate rise in total busbar-enery costs. 11 figures, 1 table.

Friedlander, G.D.; Going, M.C.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China: Growth, Transition, and Institutional Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in particular: cement, energy (coal mining and hydropower),average of renewable energy and coal, which significantlyManufacture Coal Electricity Specific Energy (kg, kWh t -1

Kahrl, Fredrich James

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

NREL PV Projects - FUPWG Meeting: "Going Coastal for Energy Efficiency...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

kWdc (1,200,000 kWh) one-axis tracking PV system - Grid connected (NREL "side of the meter") - Milestones Agreements: January 2008 Operation: August 2008 Solar Rewards...

203

Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Iowa imposes a replacement generation tax of 0.06 cents ($0.0006) per kilowatt-hour (kWh) on various forms of electricity generated within the state. This tax is imposed in lieu of a property tax...

204

Measured energy performance of a US-China demonstration energy-efficient office building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

low price period kWh Ice storage system power consumption 2loss through the ice storage system, the average coolingto the measured results. Ice storage system The two Carrier

Xu, Peng; Huang, Joe; Jin, Ruidong; Yang, Guoxiong

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Third-Party Financing and Power Purchase Agreements for Public...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

500 kW system @ 3.5 to 4 million Federal tax benefits 55% 6 Some key elements of a PPA Price per kWh of electricity Annual escalation factor (2-5%) Length of the agreement...

206

Microsoft Word - Tab 2d - Project Descriptions Press Format ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Micrel; Colorado - NREL. Key Metrics Key Metrics LCOE (kWh) Manufacturing Capacity (MW) 0.1400 60 Baseline (2006) 0.3300 1 0.0600 1000 2009-2010 2014-2015 High...

207

Solar America Initiative  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Micrel; Colorado - NREL. Key Metrics Key Metrics LCOE (kWh) Manufacturing Capacity (MW) 0.1400 60 Baseline (2006) 0.3300 1 0.0600 1000 2009-2010 2014-2015 The Boeing...

208

Interpreting human activity from electrical consumption data through non-intrusive load monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-intrusive load monitoring (NILM) has three distinct advantages over today's smart meters. First, it offers accountability. Few people know where their kWh's are going. Second, it is a maintenance tool. Signs of wear ...

Gillman, Mark Daniel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

--No Title--  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light- ing Cook- ing Refrig- eration Office Equip- ment Com- puters Other...

210

Case Study of Two MBCx Projects: Using M&V to Track Energy Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

operation • Re-establish supply air temperature set point reset control in AHU1 • Other measures • Approximately 483,000 kWh (10%), 2.7M lbs/yr steam (51%) #0;? Estimated using DOE 2 analysis • Cost reduction $84,000 (14%), Payback 0.7 years 13 Soda Hall... 006 3/ 24/ 2 006 3/ 26/ 2 00 6 3/ 28/ 2 00 6 3/ 3 0/ 2 006 Date kW h 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 De g F AHU 1 Daily kWh AHU 3 Daily kWh AHU 4 Daily kWh OAT Daily Average AHU 1 supply fan malf. begins here. Same date as economizer fix. 17 M...

Jump, D.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

not only the tangible investment costs such as the turnkeyDG unit minus the investment cost. As for Eq. (9), it is aplus the amortised investment cost per kWh e of the DG unit

Siddiqui, Afzal

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

only the tangible investment costs, but also the opportunityDG unit minus the investment cost. As for Equation (9), itplus the amortised investment cost per kWh of the DG unit is

Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Designing PV Incentive Programs to Promote Performance: A Review of Current Practice in the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Program Washington Renewable Energy Production Incentivesrenewable energy credits (RECs) via energy production-basedRenewable DG Program ($0.01/kWh for the first year of energy production)

Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12 Table 3. Renewable Energy Production Required forTable  Table 3. Renewable Energy Production Required forEnergy Consumption Renewable Energy Production B kWH Year In

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Sam, Booth, Targeting Net Zero DoD Project Review  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cost Savings () 43,976,816 Base Case LCOE (kWh) 0.281 RE Case LCOE(kWh) 0.226 Power Plant 17% Energy Efficiency 25% SHW 5% PV 18% Wind 35% Contribution from EERE Phase...

216

Research, development, and demonstration of lead-acid batteries for electric vehicle propulsion. Annual report, 1979  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The initial phase of work comprises three factorial experiments to evaluate a variety of component combinations. Goals to be met by these batteries include the following: capacity at 3 h discharge, 20 to 30 kWh; specific energy, 40 Wh/kg; specific power, 1000 W/kg for 15 s; cycle life, 800 cycles to 80% depth; price, $50/kWh. The status of the factorial experiments is reviewed. The second phase of work, design of an advanced battery, has the following goals: 30 to 40 kWh; 60 Wh/kg; 150 W/kg for 15 s; 1000 cycles to 80% depth; $40/kWh. It is not yet possible to say whether these goals can be met. Numerous approaches are under study to increase the utilization of battery chemicals. A battery design with no live electrical connection above the battery is being developed. 52 figures, 52 tables. (RWR)

Not Available

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

A Near-Term Economic Analysis of Hydrogen Fueling Stations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0.07/kWh has on hydrogen cost for electrolysis type station.3-12: Hydrogen Cost Comparison for Electrolysis Station,3-12: Hydrogen Cost Comparison for Electrolysis Station, NAS

Weinert, Jonathan X.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

A Near-term Economic Analysis of Hydrogen Fueling Stations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0.07/kWh has on hydrogen cost for electrolysis type station.3-12: Hydrogen Cost Comparison for Electrolysis Station,3-12: Hydrogen Cost Comparison for Electrolysis Station, NAS

Weinert, Jonathan X.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

IRS Parking Facility Lighting Retrofit Reduces Annual Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

in Kansas City, Missouri. The retrofit resulted in annual energy savings of 2 million kWh, annual cost savings of over 122,000, and a simple payback of 2.5 years....

220

Tariff-based analysis of commercial building electricity prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is higher than the average cost per-kWh, the question of howcost recovery adders are neglected unless they are speci?ed as a price per kWh

Coughlin, Katie M.; Bolduc, Chris A.; Rosenquist, Greg J.; Van Buskirk, Robert D.; McMahon, James E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Authority (NYSERDA). Library Patrons in New York Check-Out Renewable Energy The new solar system on the Esopus Library in New York is expected to generate 31,200 kWh of...

222

Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet Results Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

number of charging events 2,590 Number of charging events at Level 1 | Level 2 588 | 1990 Total charging energy consumed (AC kWh) 17,571 Charging energy consumed at Level 1 |...

223

Value and Technology Assessment to Enhance the Business Case for the CERTS Microgrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DER available include solar thermal, photovoltaics (PV) and1 absorption chiller solar thermal flow battery 220$/kWh andabsorption chiller (kW) Solar thermal (kW) PV (kW) lead-acid

Lasseter, Robert

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Building Distributed Energy Performance Optimization for China a Regional Analysis of Building Energy Costs and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

photovoltaics (PV), and battery storage, are considered forStorage Heat Storage Flow Battery Energy Flow Battery PowerkW) Battery Capacity (kWh) Photo voltaic (kW) Heat Storage (

Feng, Wei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Electrochemical Capacitors as Energy Storage in Hybrid-Electric Vehicles: Present Status and Future Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to assist the energy storage battery (12 kWh) in providingbattery and ultracapacitors in the vehicles when the characteristics of the energy storageBattery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium the energy storage

Burke, Andy; Miller, Marshall

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the market, in fact, the battery-storage inverter describedalong with 22 kWh of battery storage. This study by Baek etpower, but the cost of battery storage per unit of load

Garbesi, Karina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Fact #823: June 2, 2014 Hybrid Vehicles use more Battery Packs...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

capacities as high as 85 kWh - a battery offering for the Tesla Model S. Number of Batteries Sold and Battery Capacity Sold for Model Year 2013 Graph of the number of batteries...

228

City of Dallas- Green Energy Purchasing  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In September 2007, the City of Dallas finalized purchase contracts for more than 333 million kilowatt-hours (kWh) of green electricity for city facilities during 2008. The city has elected to...

229

Impacts of Electric Vehicles on Primary Energy Consumption and Petroleum Displacement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These studiesprojected electricity consumption EVs and theMPG) and EV electricity consumption (in Kwh per mile).weight of increases. 3.2. Electricity Consumption EVs of To

Wang, Quanlu; Delucchi, Mark A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Conservation Screening Curves to Compare Efficiency Investments to Power Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be added to the fuel cost avoided by each kWh (i.e. , theCost ($/yr Other Costs Avoided ($/yr) Total Annualizedapplications, where the avoided maintenance costs more than

Koomey, J.G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Residential Behavioral Savings: An Analysis of Principal Electricity End Uses in British Columbia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The study found that refrigerator and freezer temperaturekWh per year), and refrigerator and freezer (1,120 kWh perrefrigeration (refrigerators and freezers) included in the

Tiedemann, Kenneth Mr.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Economic Analysis of Hydrogen Energy Station Concepts: Are "H 2E-Stations" a Key Link to a Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Infrastructure?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

+ inverter) Fuel Cell Stack Only Cost ($/kW) Reformer Cost (Capital Cost ($/kWh) Maintenance and fuel cell stackof Ref. Cost for FCVs Fuel Cell Cost ($kW) (stack + aux

Lipman, Timothy E.; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Kammen, Daniel M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

DOE Zero Energy Ready Home: Near Zero Maine Home II, Vassalboro...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

an R-20 insulated slab, R-70 cellulose in the attic, extensive air sealing, a mini-split heat pump, an heat recovery ventilator, solar water heating, LED lighting, 3.9 kWh PV, and...

234

Insights from Smart Meters: The Potential for Peak-Hour Savings from Behavior-Based Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

top graph) as a percent of the total average energy usage ofgraph) as a percentage of each hour’s average energy usagegraph: first, kWh savings; second, normalized savings as a percent of the total average energy usage

Todd, Annika

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Exemption from Wholesale Energy Transaction Tax (Montana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Electricity from wind generation on state lands is exempt from the wholesale energy transaction tax of $0.00015/kWh transmitted. Electricity from any source, including renewables, that is generated...

236

Development of the Supply Chain Optimization and Planning for the Environment (SCOPE) Tool - Applied to Solar Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USA) Panel (Germany) Panel (China) indicates the number of years a technology must produce electricity,Electricity (kg-CO2/kWh) Circularity Production Distribution Circularity Production Germany Hungary Italy Finland Spain USA

Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Fletcher, Tristan; Dornfeld, David; Horne, Steve

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Conservation screening curves to compare efficiency investments to power plants: Applications to commercial sector conservation programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

per delivered kWh. References EPRI, Electric Power ResearchAssessment Guide: Vol. 1: Electricity Supply-1986. EPRI.EPRI P-4463-SR. December 1986. Kahn, Edward. 1988. Electric

Koomey, Jonathan; Rosenfeld, Arthur H.; Gadgil, Ashok J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on average coal consumption in power generation in the samePrice of Coal used for Power Generation Source: State400 g of coal per kWh (43-46% gross generation efficiency),

Fridley, Ed., David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

2012 ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE INDEX 61 Appendix I: Indicator Profiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emissions per electricity generation CO2KWH Ecosystem Vitality Climate change Renewable electricity RENEW if it is private or shared (but not public) and if hygienically separates human excreta

Columbia University

240

Private Companies, Federal Agencies and National Labs Join Better...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

over the next decade. Data centers consumed about 100 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electricity in the U.S last year and that number is expected to grow as more information...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production level from small hydro as recorded in 2006.  kWH Geothermal Biomass Small Hydro 830 est Wind Solar TotalRPS Geothermal Biomass Small Hydro 830 est Wind Solar Total

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Project Profile: Carbon Dioxide Shuttling Thermochemical Storage...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

energy generation by driving the cost towards 0.06kWh through the use of thermochemical energy storage (TCES). The project uses inexpensive, safe, and non-corrosive...

243

2009 Template  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

applications One of three deployment options for the demo system, shown in relation to diesel genset and balance of system. 3 kW 5 kWh Flywheel Engineering, Operations &...

244

E-Print Network 3.0 - arterial-end tidal carbon Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

kWh range. Typical cost ranges include: Tidal generation - between 16 and 38pkWh Offshore wind - between 15... account of multiple factors for each generation type...

245

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WindLogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO (2006)]; EnerNex et al. (IPP ISO ISO-NE ITC kW kWh MISO MW MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEMIndependent System Operator (MISO), New York ISO (NYISO),

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Texas, May 24, 2010. MISO. 2010. Dispatchable Intermittentand Windlogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO]; Puget Sound Energy (ITC kW kWh LADWP LIBOR MISO American Wind Energy Association

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WindLogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO (2006)]; EnerNex et al. (IPP ISO ISO-NE ITC kW kWh MISO MW MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEMIndependent System Operator (MISO), New York ISO (NYISO),

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10 B. Conversion Factors andfinal energy using a conversion factor of 0.0001229 kWh/tonto primary energy using a conversion factor of 0.000404 kWh/

Price, Lynn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement and CO2 Emission Reduction Potentials in the Iron and Steel Industry in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4 2.2. Conversion Factors anda primary energy conversion factor of 0.404 kgce/ kWh was2005; and final energy conversion factor of 0.1228 kgce/kWh

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

November 2012 Key Performance Indicator (KPI): Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and district heating scheme* data. Year Energy Consumption (KWh) Percentage Change 2005/06 65,916,243 N/A 2006 buildings are connected to the Nottingham District Heating Scheme. This service meets all the heating

Evans, Paul

251

Denver Public Schools Get Solar Energy System | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Kevin Craft What are the key facts? Local company adds five full-time jobs to support solar panel project. Solar panels are estimated to generate 1,640,457 kWh of electricity...

252

Integrated System Transmission and Ancillary Services Rate Calculation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transmission Rate 10 4.14 MillsKWh (L5 * 1000) 730 hours per month 7 RATE FOR SCHEDULING, SYSTEM CONTROL AND DISPATCH SERVICE FOR 2014 A. Fixed Charge Rate 22.770% (1)...

253

Integrated System Transmission and Ancillary Services Rate Calculation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transmission Rate 10 4.00 MillsKWh (L5 * 1000) 730 hours per month 7 RATE FOR SCHEDULING, SYSTEM CONTROL AND DISPATCH SERVICE FOR 2015 A. Fixed Charge Rate 21.652% (1)...

254

Refrigerator Efficiency in Ghana: Tailoring an appliance market transformation program design for Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the residential electricity sector in Ghana. Althoughprice of electricity for the residential sector is zero forprice of electricity for the commercial sector is $0.093/kWh

Ben Hagan, Essel; Van Buskirk, Robert; Ofosu-Ahenkorah, Alfred; McNeil, Michael A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

City of Houston- Green Power Purchasing  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 2007, the City of Houston negotiated a 5-year contract with Reliant Energy for up to 80 MW or 700 million kilowatt-hours (kWh) annually of renewable energy credits (RECs). These RECs will be...

256

Study of Energy and Demand Savings on a High Efficiency Hydraulic Pump System with Infinite Turn Down Technology (ITDT)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detailed field measurement and verification of electrical energy (kWh) and demand (kW) savings is conducted on an injection molding machine used in typical plastic manufacturing facility retrofitted with a high efficiency hydraulic pump system...

Sfeir, R. A.; Kanungo, A.; Liou, S.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Alaska Strategic Energy Plan and Planning Handbook  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AEA Alaska Energy Authority Btu British thermal unit DOE U.S. Department of Energy EERE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy kW kilowatt kWh kilowatt-hour LCOE...

258

Analysis of a Cluster Strategy for Near Term Hydrogen Infrastructure...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

kWh (intermittent, 22% capacity factor on electrolyzer) Renewable pipeline quality biogas delivered to station via short pipeline (5-12 miles) 20-40MMBTU (CEC & USDA studies)...

259

Renewable Energy Production Incentive  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Supported by the state's Renewable Development Fund, Minnesota offers a payment of 1.5¢ per kilowatt-hour (kWh) for on-farm biogas facilities. Previously, this incentive also offered payments to...

260

PublicationsmailagreementNo.40014024 DECEMBER 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will be turned off where possible. Last year these strategies cut UVic's electrical consumption by 170,000 kwh for submitting Great Moments is Jan. 20 The university is currently collecting submissions online of historical

Pedersen, Tom

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Implementation of electric vehicle system based on solar energy in Singapore assessment of flow batteries for energy storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For large-scale energy storage application, flow battery has the advantages of decoupled power and energy management, extended life cycles and relatively low cost of unit energy output ($/kWh). In this thesis, an overview ...

Chen, Yaliang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

New Braunfels Utilities- Residential Solar Water Heater Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

New Braunfels Utilities offers a rebate for residential customers who purchase and install solar water heating systems on eligible homes. A rebate of the equivalent of $0.265 per kWh is available...

263

Enhancing Resource Sustainability by Transforming Urban and Suburban Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

battery electric LLM will have about the same life cycle costBattery contribution to retail cost (€) Average maintenance cost (€/yr) Energy cost (€/l or €/kWh) (a) Total life cycle cost (

Delucchi, Mark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

California's Energy Future - The View to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gge) (kg H 2 ) (million Btu) tons) Electricity (kWh) GaseousH 2 ) Thermal (million Btu) Biomass (dry tons) Electricity (2 (MtH 2 ). Thermal (million Btu, TBtu): One million British

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for U.S. EPA Energy Star Labeled Products: Expanded Methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

$/MBtu) Electric Heat Rate (Btu/kWh) kWh = kilowatthour; TWh= terawatthour; MBtu = Million Btu; MtC = Metric tons ofon heavy load. Idle Rate (Btu/h) Table 6-9. Energy Star

Sanchez, Marla

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

California’s Energy Future: The View to 2050 - Summary Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gge) (kg H 2 ) (million Btu) tons) Electricity (kWh) GaseousH 2 ) Thermal (million Btu) Biomass (dry tons) Electricity (2 (MtH 2 ). Thermal (million Btu, TBtu): One million British

Yang, Christopher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Freescale Semiconductor Successfully Implements an Energy Management...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

28 million kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity and 26,000 million British thermal units (Btu) of natural gas between 2006 and 2009, saving more than 2 million each year. Freescale...

268

Emissions of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases From the Production and Use of Transportation Fuels and Electricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

per kWh), but that CO2 emissions from hydropower plantswill be less than CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel plants.kg/ha) 2. Difference in CO2 emissions vs. control plot (kg/

Delucchi, Mark

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Testing and evaluation of advanced lead-acid batteries for utility load-leveling applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Testing and evaluation of advanced lead-acid batteries developed by Exide for utility load-leveling applications have been conducted at Argonne National Laboratory's National Battery Test Laboratory since April 1982. These batteries (36-kWh and 18-kWh modules) have a projected life of greater than 4000 deep discharge cycles. This paper describes results obtained to date from the test program. Parametric test results and general performance observations for these batteries are reported.

Miller, J.F.; Corp, D.O.; Hayes, E.R.; Hornstra, F.; Yao, N.P.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Testing and evaluation of advanced lead-acid batteries for utility load-leveling applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Testing and evaluation of advanced lead-acid batteries developed by Exide for utility load-leveling applications have been conducted at Argonne National Laboratory's National Battery Test Laboratory since April 1982. These batteries (36-kWh and 18-kWh modules) have a projected life of greater than 4000 deep discharge cycles. This paper describes results obtained to date from the test program. Parametric test results and general performance observations for these batteries are reported.

Miller, J.F.; Corp, D.O.; Hayes, E.R.; Hornstra, F.; Yao, N.P.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Electric Currents Electric Current  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Problem 3: At $0.095/kWh, what does it cost to leave a 25W porch light on day and night for a year = 219000 Watt- hour = 219kWh. So, total cost = 219 x$0.095 = $20.8 #12;Problem 4: A 100 W light bulb has of charge per unit time: = . Unit of current: Ampere (A). The purpose of a battery is to produce

Yu, Jaehoon

272

Mesures d'estalvi energtic Introducci  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reducció de cost es deu a la contractació de l'energia elèctrica per subhasta electrònica per a tots els): Any Electricitat * Electricitat kWh Gas Gas kWh Aigua Aigua m2 2008 3.595.493 33.647.244 789.547 17 immediat Climatització La temperatura de consigna d'equips de climatització per a espais interiors ha de

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

273

China's March on the 21st Century  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,523/3,299 5,250/10,581 25,028/43,676 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Oil Natural Gas Electricity Nuclear Electricity Coal CO/day (oil); trillion cu feet (natural gas); billion kWh (electricity); billion kWh (nuclear electricity, this economic expansion has been accompanied by a corresponding surge in energy consumption. China beca

Deutch, John

274

BEFORE THE ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

average wind speed of 15.3 miles-per-hour ("mph") and annual energy production of 2,554 kilowatt hours ("k calculated that the annual energy production would be 9,513 kWh. Thus, it is impossible to reconcile the one in the Complaint and the KEMA Report, the claimed annual energy production of 2,554 kWh, and the annual energy

275

AVTA: 2013 BRP Neighborhood Electric Vehicle Testing Results | Department  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartment of Energy 601Department of Energy Toyota Prius PHEVof

276

AVTA: 2013 Chevrolet Malibu HEV Testing Results | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartment of Energy 601Department of Energy Toyota Prius PHEVofMalibu HEV

277

AVTA: 2013 Chevrolet Volt Testing Results | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartment of Energy 601Department of Energy Toyota Prius PHEVofMalibu

278

AVTA: 2013 Ford C-MAX HEV Testing Results | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartment of Energy 601Department of Energy Toyota Prius PHEVofMalibuMAX

279

AVTA: 2013 Ford C-Max Energi Fleet PHEV Testing Results | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartment of Energy 601Department of Energy Toyota Prius

280

AVTA: 2013 Ford C-Max Energi PHEV Testing Results | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartment of Energy 601Department of Energy Toyota PriusMax Energi PHEV

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

AVTA: 2013 Ford Focus All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartment of Energy 601Department of Energy Toyota PriusMax Energi

282

AVTA: 2013 Ford Fusion Energi PHEV Testing Results | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartment of Energy 601Department of Energy Toyota PriusMax EnergiFord

283

AVTA: 2013 Honda Civic HEV Testing Results | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartment of Energy 601Department of Energy Toyota PriusMax

284

AVTA: 2013 Nissan Leaf All-Electric Vehicle Testing Reports | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartment of Energy 601Department of Energy Toyota PriusMaxEnergy

285

Controlling of grid connected photovoltaic lighting system with fuzzy logic  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, DC electrical energy produced by photovoltaic panels is converted to AC electrical energy and an indoor area is illuminated using this energy. System is controlled by fuzzy logic algorithm controller designed with 16 rules. Energy is supplied from accumulator which is charged by photovoltaic panels if its energy would be sufficient otherwise it is supplied from grid. During the 1-week usage period at the semester time, 1.968 kWh energy is used from grid but designed system used 0.542 kWh energy from photovoltaic panels at the experiments. Energy saving is determined by calculations and measurements for one education year period (9 months) 70.848 kWh. (author)

Saglam, Safak; Ekren, Nazmi; Erdal, Hasan [Technical Education Faculty, Marmara University, Istanbul 34722 (Turkey)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

Performance of advanced lead-acid batteries for load-leveling applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Testing and evaluation of advanced lead-acid batteries developed by Exide for load-leveling applications have been conducted at Argonne National Laboratory's National Battery Test Laboratory since April 1982. These batteries (36-kWh and 18-kWh modules) have a projected life of greater than 4000 deep-discharge cycles. This paper presents the results of performance and life tests obtained to date. Battery capacities and efficiencies are shown as a function of discharge rate. The status of ongoing accelerated life-cycle tests being conducted at 50/sup 0/C and 60/sup 0/C are presented.

Miller, J.F.; Gay, E.C.; Hornstra, G.F.; Yao, N.P.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Performance of advanced lead-acid batteries for load-leveling applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Testing and evaluation of advanced lead-acid batteries developed by Exide for load-leveling applications have been conducted at Argonne National Laboratory's National Battery Test Laboratory since April 1982. These batteries (36-kWh and 18-kWh modules) have a projected life of greater than 4000 deep-discharge cycles. This paper presents the results of performance and life tests obtained to date. Battery capacities and efficiencies are shown as a function of discharge rate. The status of ongoing accelerated life-cycle tests being conducted at 50/sup 0/C and 60/sup 0/C are presented.

Miller, J.F.; Gay, E.C.; Hornstra, F.; Yao, N.P.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Study to establish cost projections for production of redox chemicals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cost study of four proposed manufacturing processes for redox chemicals for the NASA REDOX Energy Storage System yielded favorable selling prices in the range $0.99 to $1.91/kg of chromic chloride, anhydrous basis, including ferrous chloride. The prices corresponded to specific energy storage costs from under $9 to $17/kWh. A refined and expanded cost analysis of the most favored process yielded a price estimate corresponding to a storage cost of $11/kWh. The findings supported the potential economic viability of the NASA REDOX system.

Walther, J.F.; Greco, C.C.; Rusinko, R.N.; Wadsworth, A.L. III

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Estimates of Energy Cost Savings Achieved from 2009 IECC Code-Compliant, Single Family Residences in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The annual energy cost savings were estimated with $0.11/kWh for electricity and $0.84/therm (Climate Zone 2) and $0.64/therm (Climate Zone 3 and 4) for natural gas. 2009 IECC Cost Savings Report, p.ii January 2011 Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A...). 3.2 Annual Total Energy Cost Similar trends were observed in the annual energy costs estimated with $0.11/kWh for electricity and $0.84/therm (Climate Zone 2) and $0.64/therm (Climate Zone 3 and 4) for natural gas. Across the counties, the 2001...

Kim, H.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J.

290

Hybrid Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing Activities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) testing in order to provide benchmark data for technology modeling and research and development programs, and to be an independent source of test data for fleet managers and other early adaptors of advanced-technology vehicles. To date, the AVTA has completed baseline performance testing on 12 HEV models and accumulated 2.7 million fleet testing miles on 35 HEVs. The HEV baseline performance testing includes dynamometer and closed-track testing to document HEV performance in a controlled environment. During fleet testing, two of each HEV model accumulate 160,000 test miles within 36 months, during which maintenance and repair events and fuel use were recorded. Three models of PHEVs, from vehicle converters Energy CS and Hymotion and the original equipment manufacturer Renault, are currently in testing. The PHEV baseline performance testing includes 5 days of dynamometer testing with a minimum of 26 test drive cycles, including the Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule, the Highway Fuel Economy Driving Schedule, and the US06 test cycle, in charge-depleting and charge-sustaining modes. The PHEV accelerated testing is conducted with dedicated drivers for 4,240 miles, over a series of 132 driving loops that range from 10 to 200 miles over various combinations of defined 10-mile urban and 10-mile highway loops, with 984 hours of vehicle charging. The AVTA is part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program. These AVTA testing activities were conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory and Electric Transportation Applications, with dynamometer testing conducted at Argonne National Laboratory. This paper discusses the testing methods and results.

Donald Karner

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

responsARBOLidad FRENTE AL CAMBIO CLIMTICO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nuestras emisiones contaminantes, y podemos COMPENSAR estas emisiones plantando árboles y asumiendo así Unidas para el Medio Ambiente (PNUMA): #12;CALCULAR las emisiones de CO2: 1 Kwh. de electricidad = 356 g. en autobús = 30 g. CO2 emisiones que debemos REDUCIR y... #12;COMPENSAR plantando árboles: · Cada

Rey Benayas, José María

292

INTRODUCCIN En este manual de buenas prcticas se explicarn las diferentes medidas que se  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

de gas natural por su mayor rendimiento energético y las menores emisiones contaminantes. oWh eléctrico producido genera, además, unas emisiones de CO2 entre 2 y 2,5 veces mayores que un kWh térmico

Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad

293

CALiPER Report 21.3: Cost-Effectiveness of Linear (T8) LED Lamps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Meeting performance expectations is important for driving adoption of linear LED lamps, but cost-effectiveness may be an overriding factor in many cases. Linear LED lamps cost more initially than fluorescent lamps, but energy and maintenance savings may mean that the life-cycle cost is lower. This report details a series of life-cycle cost simulations that compared a two-lamp troffer using LED lamps (38 W total power draw) or fluorescent lamps (51 W total power draw) over a 10-year study period. Variables included LED system cost ($40, $80, or $120), annual operating hours (2,000 hours or 4,000 hours), LED installation time (15 minutes or 30 minutes), and melded electricity rate ($0.06/kWh, $0.12/kWh, $0.18/kWh, or $0.24/kWh). A full factorial of simulations allows users to interpolate between these values to aid in making rough estimates of economic feasibility for their own projects. In general, while their initial cost premium remains high, linear LED lamps are more likely to be cost-effective when electric utility rates are higher than average and hours of operation are long, and if their installation time is shorter.

Miller, Naomi J.; Perrin, Tess E.; Royer, Michael P.

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

294

Retrofit Savings for Brazos County  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report presents the energy and dollar savings for the period May 2000 - April 2001 for 10 of the Brazos County facilities that have been retrofit. The electricity use saved was 555,170 kWh and the demand was 1062 kW, which is equivalent to a...

Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Shao, X.; Claridge, D. E.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

day is the resulting  load following the implementation of 408 kWh/day   Load following installation: 293 kWh/day  kWh/293 kWh/day   Load following installation: 243 kWh/day  

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Feature Article From Intermountain West Climate Summary, March 2012 Intermountain West Climate Summary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-cooled concentrating solar plants in California and Nevada have run into opposition, driving them toward dry cooling that several thousand MW of electrical capacity might go offline if the drought persists into spring of 2012. Thermal solar plants use as much water as a coal plant per kWh, but wind power uses little to no water. So

Neff, Jason

297

STEWARDSHIP MAINTAINING NATURAL RICHES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Outstanding Results 5 Energy Conservation: Saved 240 Million KWH over last fifteen years. Green BuildingLAND STEWARDSHIP MAINTAINING NATURAL RICHES TRANSPORTATION GOING THE EXTRA MILE GREEN BUILDING SHOWCASING INNOVATION WATER CONSERVING PRESCIOUS RESOURCES ENERGY MOVING TO A BRIGHTER FUTURE WASTE REDUCING

Ford, James

298

Validation of an Integrated System for a Hydrogen-Fueled Power Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? · Electrons Lowest Cost ­ run electric wires vs. hydrogen pipe · Electrons ($50K), Protons ($100k) ­ Combined Heat and Power Has the Potential to Lower Power Cost by ~$0.01/kWh · CHP Requires Reformer and Fuel Feedstock ­ Potential Uses of PEM in Distributed Power Applications · Hydrogen Pipeline or Low Cost Hydrogen

299

Microgrids: An emerging paradigm for meeting building electricity and heat requirements efficiently and with appropriate energy quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kW of PV, a 53 kWh battery bank, and a 5 kW diesel genset.kW of PV, and an 880 Ah battery bank. Other projects includeand a 100 kW lead-acid battery bank. Seven Hachinohe City

Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Microgrids: An emerging paradigm for meeting building electricity and heat requirements efficiently and with appropriate energy quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

composed of 10 kW of PV, a 53 kWh battery bank, and a 5 kWkW CHP plant, 35 kW of PV, and an 880 Ah battery bank. OtherPV and wind turbines, five 80 kW biogas engines, a 250 kW MCFC, and 100 kW of battery

Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Dean's Faculty Meeting 5/7/13 UHM Total $  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

penetration PV · Smart Grid applications 1 MW / 250 kWh fast response Lithium ion Titanate battery Rick scientific analyses. Don Thomas Nicole Lautze #12;Battery Energy Storage for Generation Smoothing & Frequency Regulation ·Testing and evaluation of emerging battery technologies (integrated testing from laboratory

Wang, Yuqing

302

Distributed Energy Resource Optimization Using a Software as Service (SaaS) Approach at the University of California, Davis Campus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kW) Flow Battery Energy Installed (kWh) PV Installed (kW)input to Flow Battery Electricity Generation f rom PV TotalPV array with a rated peak power of 326.7 kW as well as a flow battery

Michael, Stadler

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Electricity Grid: Impacts of Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Table 1. Energy and carbon intensity values for conventionalin “hybrid mode” kWh/mi Fuel Carbon Intensity (C) gCO 2 /ggegCO 2 /kWh Vehicle Carbon Intensity (ExC) gCO 2 /mi BEVs /

Yang, Christopher; McCarthy, Ryan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Estimating the manufacturing cost of purely organic solar cells Joseph Kalowekamo 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to a levelized cost of electricity (LEC) of between 49¢ and 85¢/kWh. In order to achieve a more competitive COE that into a levelized electricity cost (LEC). We find that there is a great deal of uncertainty about the capital costs., Estimating the manufacturing cost of purely organic solar cells, Sol. Energy (2009), doi:10.1016/j

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

305

Polysulfide Flow Batteries Enabled by Percolating Nanoscale Conductor Networks Frank Y. Fan1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Lowering the cost of stored energy below ~$100/kWh at system level remains a challenge, however2,3 . Many of higher energy density and lower system cost. Lithium polysulfide half-flow cells operating in both to decouple stored energy (the tanks) from power (the stack), inherent scalability, and potentially low cost1

306

DISSERTATION ANALYSIS OF IMPACT OF NON-UNIFORMITIES ON THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-scale problems such as energy demand, pollution, and environment safety. The cost ($/kWh) is the primaryDISSERTATION ANALYSIS OF IMPACT OF NON-UNIFORMITIES ON THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS AND MODULES WITH 2-D-FILM SOLAR CELLS AND MODULES WITH 2-D SIMULATIONS BE ACCEPTED AS FULFILLING IN PART REQUIREMENTS

Sites, James R.

307

OAKRIDGENATIONALLABORATORY MANAGED BY UT-BATTELLE FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with solar photovoltaic power production at times feed electricity to the grid when TVA's cost owner a premium rate of $0.15/kWh for all the solar power these houses can produce. Under the Green an airtight envelope (~1 air change per hour at 50 Pascal) of structural insulated panels (SIP), which

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

308

CHARACTERIZING COSTS, SAVINGS AND BENEFITS OF A SELECTION OF ENERGY EFFICIENT EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES IN THE UNITED STATES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

overall efficiency and a power-to-heat ratio of 0.66. Thisfrom boiler based on Power/Heat of 0.607 MBtu/kWh Energywith 70% efficiency ; Power/Heat = 0.66 kWh MBtu/kWh Overall

Xu, T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Park Load Reduction by Preconditioning of Buildings at Night  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arounde50%. The local utility charges approximately p - 10 $/kWe per month for demand and pc - 0.05 $$?h and Pw - 0.07 $/kwh for energy, off and on $eak respectively - nihbers that are representative. If pc/Pw were greater than r), night cooling...

Rabl, A.; Norford, L. K.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Can migrogrids make a major contribution to UK energy supply ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Working Paper No. 70 March 2005 Manuscript to appear in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews #12;ii energy balance on a yearly basis if supplemented by energy storage of 2.7kWh per household. We findCan migrogrids make a major contribution to UK energy supply ? Suleiman Abu-Sharkh, Rachel Li, Tom

Watson, Andrew

311

Energy Systems Engineering 1 Clean Coal Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Systems Engineering 1 Clean Coal Technologies Presentation at BARC 4th December 2007 #12/kWh) 0.14 0.03 0.6 #12;Energy Systems Engineering 9 Status of Advanced Coal Technologies Types of advanced coal technologies Supercritical Pulverised Combustion Circulating Fluidised Bed Combustion (CFBC

Banerjee, Rangan

312

Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2 (San Juan) - Rehabilitation of Alamo Main Canal - Final  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the total project are estimated, using amortization procedures, to be 876 ac-ft of water per year and 331,389,647 BTUs (97,125 kwh) of energy per year. The calculated economic and financial cost of water savings is estimated to be $201.50 per ac...

Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.

313

2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim710 wileyonlinelibrary.com  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, overestimates the amount of Li required per kWh of stored energy, it indi- cates that in the long term the cost to renewable energy production, high energy density becomes less critical. Moreover, the abundance and low cost-scale applications, though at this point, the cost of Li is not a large contribution to the cost of LIBs. But most

Ceder, Gerbrand

314

nature photonics | VOL 6 | MARCH 2012 | www.nature.com/naturephotonics 133 focus | commentary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this requirement: if solar energy harvesting is achieved at an installed cost of $1 per watt- peak (Wp), then it will produce electricity over its lifetime at an equivalent cost of around $0.05 kWh­1 , which is compellingly equation provides a breakdown of the overall cost per watt- peak, given that the Sun provides a peak

315

Paper Presented at Power Engineering Systems 2005 Conference, San Francisco, CA 1 June 12-16, 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

they were able to earn a pre-specified credit per kWh for each unit of electricity less than their benchmark that minimizes total system cost is based upon the actual cost of generation (e.g. perfectly regulated or perfectly competitive markets). But when that least-cost dispatch is based upon offers from deregulated

316

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: RETHINKING STANDBY & FIXED COST CHARGES REGULATORY & RATE DESIGN PATHWAYS TO DEEPER SOLAR PV COST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be recovered through variable, volume-based charges per kilowatt-hour (kWh). At the same time, however, someEXECUTIVE SUMMARY: RETHINKING STANDBY & FIXED COST CHARGES REGULATORY & RATE DESIGN PATHWAYS TO DEEPER SOLAR PV COST REDUCTIONS The Current Terrain In recent years, electric utilities have experienced

317

Solid State Communications 150 (2010) 561563 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can cost upwards of several dollars per installed watt, with a per kWh cost several times higher than of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (aSi:H), have the potential to cut costs because much less material is required the complexity and the cost of manufacturing, and Corresponding author at: University of California, Berkeley

Zettl, Alex

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Exploiting Performance Counters to Predict and Improve Energy Performance of HPC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and cooling cost of about $3.5 million per year, which is significant. Beyond the operating cost, some data, Tianhe-1A consumes 4.04 Megawatts of electricity [1]; a simple calculation at $0.10/KWh yields a powering

Boyer, Edmond

319

Georgia Institute of Technology | Milwaukee School of Engineering | North Carolina A&T State University | Purdue University University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign | University of Minnesota | Vanderbilt University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.152 / kWh #12;Today TB3: January 13, 2010NSF CCEFP Site Visit Cost comparison - 2 MN cost calculation, cost. http://www.google.org/recharge/ #12;Today TB3: January 13, 2010NSF CCEFP Site Visit GFleet fuel sources #12;Today TB3: January 13, 2010NSF CCEFP Site Visit Emission ­ CO2 Vehicle emission per

Li, Perry Y.

320

The Digital Divide: Implications on the Forest Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.htm #12;Connectivity Country Inhabitants Per Telephone Consume of Electricity Per Person In KWh China 60 areas · Limited purchasing power · Limited information flow · Paper-based documentation · High cost · 180 Million global users · Only 14% users from developing countries · Telephone density: ­ 52.3 per

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

RESOURCE April/May 2009 31 ... with no fertilizer or tillage input and that produces no  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for drivers in the United States. The cost per mile would be one-third as much for electricity as for gasoline (at ten cents per kWh and three dollars per gallon). I have read that a capacity increase of 20 everywhere at the rate of a horsepower per square yard (1000 watts per square meter), and it's free. I think

Gilbert, Matthew

322

Study Design And Realization Of Solar Water Heater  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar is one of the most easily exploitable energy, it is moreover inexhaustible. His applications are many and are varied. The heating of the domestic water is one of the most immediate, simplest and also of most widespread exploitation of the solar energy. Algeria, from its geographical situation, it deposits one of the largest high sun surface expositions in the world. The exposition duration of the almost territory exceeds 2000 hours annually and can reach the 3900 hours (high plateaus and Sahara). By knowing the daily energy received by 1 m{sup 2} of a horizontal surface of the solar thermal panel is nearly around 1700 KWh/m{sup 2} a year in the north and 2263 KWh/m{sup 2} a year in the south of the country, we release the most important and strategic place of the solar technologies in the present and in the future for Algeria. This work consists to study, conceive and manufacture solar water heating with the available local materials so, this type of the energy will be profitable for all, particularly the poor countries. If we consider the illumination duration of the panel around 6 hours a day, the water heat panel manufactured in our laboratory produce an equivalent energy of 11.615 KWh a day so, 4239 KWh a year. These values of energy can be easily increased with performing the panel manufacture.

Lounis, M. [LAAR Laboratory-Physics Department-USTOMB 31000 Oran (Algeria); Boudjemaa, F.; Akil, S. Kouider [Genie Climatic Department-CUKM 44000-Khemis Miliana (Algeria)

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

323

LADY BIRD JOHNSON MIDDLE SCHOOL IRVING, TX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and purge ports. #12;LADY BIRD JOHNSON MIDDLE SCHOOL IRVING, TX 3' x 5' Solar Panels 191 watts per panel 600 KW Solar Array 2,988 Solar Panels 850,000 kWh Annual Output Solar Classroom Deck SOLAR PV SYSTEM #12 in the United States #12;LADY BIRD JOHNSON MIDDLE SCHOOL IRVING, TX THE LAYOUT AFTER HOURS GYM ENTRY SOLAR

324

Policy #2009EE001 Campus Sustainability Policy--  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Resource Efficiency and Emissions Electricity use at IIT results comes from a mix of coal, natural gas approximately 55 million kWh every year and 3,000,000 therms of natural gas (300,000 million Btu). In 10 years manufacture entering the atmosphere through incineration or ground water through landfill. Economy The energy

Heller, Barbara

325

Sandia's research spans generation, storage, and load management at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sandia's research spans generation, storage, and load management at the component and systems kW diesel genset, fuel cells, and additional interchangeable generators. Storage capabilities include a 500 kWh lead-acid battery bank, along with several additional batteries of smaller size. Over

326

IEEE JOURNAL ON EMERGING AND SELECTED TOPICS IN CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS, VOL. 1, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 2011 289 PowerSleep: A Smart Power-Saving Scheme With  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the electricity costs $0.074 per kWh. Even without considering the cost of the power delivery subsystems 289 PowerSleep: A Smart Power-Saving Scheme With Sleep for Servers Under Response Time Constraint Shengquan Wang, Jun Liu, Jian-Jia Chen, and Xue Liu Abstract--Reducing the power consumption while

Wang, Shengquan

327

WHAT WE ARE DOING TO IT AND WHAT WE ARE DOING TO UNDERSTAND IT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 CO2emissions,Pounds(C)perKWH Coal Oil Natural gas Nuclear CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS FROM ELECTRIC ENERGY PRODUCTION (1990's Technology) Suffolk County 2001 Legislation How much does your household contribute? A typical household using 1000 kilowatt hours of electricity per month is responsible

Schwartz, Stephen E.

328

Revised Illustrative Example for DFS, April 29, 2009  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HLH 31,814,906 Non-Fed Energy HLH -722,176 Tier 1 Energy HLH 31,092,730 Tier 1 HLH SSL 28,195,560 2,583,477,791 Tier 1 HLH Load Shaping 2,897,170 kWh @ 0.04716 136,631 47.16...

329

FLASTAR: Measured Savings of a Comprehensive Energy Retrofit in a Florida Elementary School  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.000 square foot facility was approximately 775,000 kWh (60 kBtu/ft^2) or $55,200 in the base year (1994). During the summer of 1995, replacement of aging chillers resulted in 30% reduction to cooling energy use. The second retrofit was occupancy sensor...

Sherwin, J. R.; Parker, D. S.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Alternative Transportation Technologies: Hydrogen, Biofuels,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@ $50/kW and H2 storage @ $15/kWh) #12;8 CASE 2: ICEV EFFICIENCY · Currently available and projected11 Alternative Transportation Technologies: Hydrogen, Biofuels, Advanced Efficiency, and Plug Methodology and Scenarios · Market Penetration Rates · Oil and CO2 Savings · Fuel, Fuel Cell, Battery

331

Pedro M. Castro, Ignacio E. Grossmann, Iiro K. Harjunkoski Process operations are often subject to energy constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between electricity supplier and cement plants (planning level) Energy cost [$/kWh] Varies significantly (minimize total electricity cost) Complexity at the level of RTN structural parameters generation r,i, r industry & electricity Currently under pressure to produce at lowest possible cost Machine drive 80% total

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

332

Purdue Agricultural Economics Report Page 1 In This Issue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Around 40% of all new-generation power added to the electric grid in the U.S. in recent years has been converts the blades' speeds of about 18 to 20 rotations per minute to electricity-generating speeds of 1.4 million and 3 million kilowatt- hours (kWh) annually to provide electricity for 240 to 300 households

333

DOE Zero Energy Ready Home: Leganza Residence - Greenbank, Washington...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

panel (SIPs) walls, a 10.25-inch SIPS roof, an R-20 insulated slab, a 2-ton ground source heat pump, radiant floor heat, 7.1 kWh PV, and triple-pane windows. DOE Zero Energy Ready...

334

NATURAL GAS FOR TRANSPORTATION OR ELECTRICITY? CLIMATE CHANGE IMPLICATIONS Date: 27-Oct-11  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for electricity generation, GHG emissions are reduced by at least 45% per kWh. But when natural gas is used that it will even meet the emissions reductions mandated by the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) for corn non-GHG emissions such as particulate matter, carbon monoxide and nitrous oxide. The trade-off between

McGaughey, Alan

335

84Unit Conversions Energy, Power, Flux Energy is measured in a number of ways depending on what property is being  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kilowatt- hour (1 kWh)? Problem 4 ­ How many ergs of energy are collected from a solar panel on a roof, if the sunlight provides a flux of 300 Joules/sec/meter 2 , the solar panels have an area of 27 square feet84Unit Conversions ­ Energy, Power, Flux Energy is measured in a number of ways depending on what

336

Energy Security in Nova Scotia Larry Hughes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of energy) PV ­ Photovoltaic (usually solar panels that generate electricity from the sun) RES ­ Renewable ) joules (a unit of energy) HST ­ Harmonized Sales Tax (Nova Scotia's sales tax: 8% provincial plus 6% federal) ha ­ hectare IEA ­ International Energy Agency kWh ­ Kilowatt-hour (a unit of energy) LDV ­ Light

Hughes, Larry

337

Nanomaterials for Energy and Electronics Materials Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthesis of ZnO Aggregates and Their Application in Dye-sensitized Solar Cells Nanomaterials for Energy-phase Metal Oxide Nanostructures #12;Synthesis of ZnO Aggregates and Their Application in Dye-sensitized Solar require major breakthroughs to meet the long-term goal of very low cost ($0.40/kWh).2-6 Dye-sensitized

Cao, Guozhong

338

Intelligent Sensor Placement for Hot Server Detection in Data Centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

center energy consumption in the US will grow to over 100 billion kWh at a cost of $7.4 billion by 2011, IEEE Abstract--Recent studies have shown that a significant portion of the total energy consumption temperature set points to overcool the entire room, resulting in excessive energy consumption. Sensor network

Xing, Guoliang

339

Taming the Energy Hog in Cloud Infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy consumption consumed 61 Billion kWh in 2006, enough to power 5.8 Million average US households constrained #12;Energy Expenditure of The Cloud The IT industry is on fire! constitutes about 2% of total USTaming the Energy Hog in Cloud Infrastructure Jie Liu Microsoft Research liuj@microsoft.com RTSS

Hunt, Galen

340

Power and Performance Modeling in a Virtualized Server System Massoud Pedram and Inkwon Hwang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% of the electrical energy consumption in the US (and this in spite of continuous improvements in energy efficiency and maintenance easier, and can decrease energy consumption through resource consolidation. To develop and employ kWh in 2011. By the 2020, the data center energy consumption s expected to account for 8

Pedram, Massoud

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

California Energy Commission Apply Today!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Flyer Public Programs Office (916) 654-4147 pubprog@energy.state.ca.us June 2006 #12;DON'T MISS electricity usage by about 30 percent. Electricity Savings: 2,262,207 kWh Demand Savings: 575 kW EnergyCalifornia Energy Commission Apply Today! "The college is using cutting edge on- site generation

342

Application of motor capacitors to improve facility power usage in the industrial setting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and duty cycle???????.. 40 16 Payback as a function of capacitor size and cost per KWH?????? 41 17 Constant vs. irregular loading conditions????????????? 46 18 Measurement point, where only load supplied??...????????. 47 19 Project survey... LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page 1 Basic power parameters??...??????????????..?? 1 2 Line resistance values[6]??????????..??.??????. 17 3 Circuit resistance for Condenser Fan 1????.?????????. 27 4 Total harmonic current...

Hillhouse, William Jeffrey

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

343

Microsoft PowerPoint - Sale at SWPA workshop June-09 v3mjs.ppt  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cost (kW or kWh) Development Type Low Medium High cost now 2030 cost life time New small hydro at new dams 0 5 12 3,125 2,900 50 New hydro at existing dams 8 15 21 2,010...

344

Energy & Water:Energy & Water: A Growing and IncreasinglyA Growing and Increasingly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SubstationTo SCE Mirage Substation To WAPATo WAPA #12;13 Metropolitan Small Hydro Power PlantsMetropolitan Small Hydro Power Plants 16 Plants ­ 126 MW ­ 450M kWh #12;14 FY 2006/07 Capital Investment PlanFY 2006

Keller, Arturo A.

345

THE DESIRE TO ACQUIRE: FORECASTING THE EVOLUTION OF HOUSEHOLD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy-using devices in the average U.S. household that used over 4,700 kWh of electricity, natural gas.46]. The cost of these devices was also statistically significant. Keywords: electricity use; energy efficiency the Canadian Industrial Energy End Use Data and Analysis (CIEEDAC) for their financial support made possible

346

Pulp & Paper Industry- A Strategic Energy Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The pulp and paper industry with yearly energy purchases of $5 billion per year including 50 billion kWh of power is one of the largest industrial energy producers in the U.S. However, structural changes in the global pulp and paper industry could...

Stapley, C. E.

347

Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement in the United States Petroleum Refining Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

joules) using a conversion factor (1kWh = 3.6 MJ). However,the IPCC natural gas conversion factor of 0.0561 Mt CO 2 /finial savings and a conversion factor of 0.0036 PJ/GWh is 

Morrow III, William R.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

PV Integration by Building Energy Management System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. However, to validate global control algorithms, a simulator capable of interoperating with energy[kWh]. Econs (k) Total energy consumed by the load [kWh]. E (i, k) Energy consumed by the service i duringPV Integration by Building Energy Management System Rim.Missaoui¹, Ghaith.Warkozek¹, Seddik. Bacha

Boyer, Edmond

349

Normand Mousseau Dpartement de physique,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Jean-Marc Jancovici (basé sur Schilling & Al. 1977, IEA, BP statistical review et Nations-Unis) #12;1 1 : Schilling & Al. 1977, IEA et Jean-Marc Jancovici (1 tep = 11 700 kWh). #12;Consommation par capita Origine

Skorobogatiy, Maksim

350

E-Print Network 3.0 - acwy conjugate vaccine Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

W Renewables 12;David Cahen, 4 ACWIS 7'09 work of 2 horses for 25 hrs 6 x 6 m2 solar cell panel for 2 days... 1 (US) gallon 3.8 liter 37 kWh 12;David Cahen, 4 ACWIS...

351

Power translation chart kWh/d each GW / UK TWh/y / UK Mtoe/y / UK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'`Safe and fair' UK (1990) UK (2005) 60% target 80% target UK Electricity kWh thermal energy exchange rate: 1 k" from the Institute of Electrical Engineers's 2002 report Renewable energy in the UK. The "technical in the structure of our society and economy". The figures for solar photovoltaics and energy crops

MacKay, David J.C.

352

Monitoring System Used to Identify, Track and Allocate Peak Demand Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

leasing space on the site. The most common way to distribute monthly electric costs within a facility when consumption by area or department is available through submetering or other means, is to apply the average cost per KWH from the utility bill...

Holmes, W. A.

353

Gnie mcanique Multi-Objective Optimization applied  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for cogeneration; a battery, a Wind Turbine, Photovoltaic solar panels and the grid also supply electricityWh battery. 4. Flat electricity import price Min Expenditurest ! Incomest Wsupplied t t=1 T=24 " ($/kWh) Min on the quality of its operation strategy. The results have shown that buying the electricity at the market price

Diggavi, Suhas

354

Jay Apt, Paulina Jaramillo, and Stephen Rose Carnegie Mellon Electricity Industry Center (CEIC)'s RenewElec Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electric generators. 9 · Solar: ­ Photovoltaic (solar panels) ­ Solar thermal (concentrated solar power at 15-20 cents per kWh. · If installed prices fall 40%, PV can match the current price of wind) supporting wind projects and the investment tax credits (ITC) supporting solar projects. Electric Generation

McGaughey, Alan

355

Analysis of Energy Conservation Options for USDOE Child Development Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pumps. The architect's estimate of the energy savings from these measures totaled 31.5 MWh per year, an annual savings of about $1,575 (at $0.05/kWh). The DOE-2 predicted total annual energy use for the CDC with all the ECO's installed is 146,317 k...

Bou-Saada, T. E.; Haberl, J. S.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

PowerNet: Energy Use & Energy Waste powernet.stanford.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PowerNet: Energy Use & Energy Waste powernet.stanford.edu 345,281 kWh $ 36,255 Device Type Measured lights, etc. Current Energy Use of Computing Systems Monday: Holiday What About Waste? Network Traffic on Core Switches Label Switch Type Active Ports (gigabit each) Data trace (# days) a HP 5412zl 120 150 b

Levis, Philip

357

Application of Risk Analysis to Evaluating M&V Requirement for Energy Efficiency Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

shows that increasing the size of lighting project savings for which M&V is waived to 1,400,000 kWh per year would introduce an error of only ±5% to the sum of all lighting savings. The error introduced at the program level would be approximately ±2...

Tan, G.; Gregoire, C.; Gogte, S.; Gowans, D.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Savings Analysis of Utility Bills for Unmonitored Sites, Volume II: Detailed Savings Calculations, Texas LoanSTAR Monitoring and Analysis Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detailed calculations for each site are shown in this Volume. For each site the ECRM description, approved loan amount, expected savings, the pre and post-retrofit energy use (electricity and gas separately), cost of energy, energy savings (in kWh...

Wei, G.; Eggebrecht, J.; Saman, N. F.; Claridge, D. E.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Estimated Savings from Turning Off Unnecessary Lights at the Langford Architecture Center During the 1996 Christmas Holidays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lights been left on, the building would have consumed 100 kW more electricity every hour. The total electricity savings was about 31,200 kWh over 13 days, which is equivalent to a total cost saving of $936.00. If the College continues to turn off...

Soebarto, V. I.; Haberl, J. S.; Degelman, L. O.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Case Study Impact Evaluations of the Industrial Energy Savings Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measures installed and the processes affected are described in this paper. The report presents energy (kWh) and peak demand (kW) savings indexed to changes in production volume, an assessment of non-energy benefits to the participating customer, and cost...

Lilly, P.; Pearson, D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

The Use of Electricity in Industry and Energy Saving - The Gamma Co-Efficient  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of simple factors : the gamma factor. It is, when using energy, the number of thermies which are replaced by one kWh. Gamma is not a factor for measuring the oil saving but the using efficiency. For measuring the oil saving, the author uses 'the net gain...

Wolf, R.; Froehlich, R.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

The ICLS system results in superior energy savings. The chart (right)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy load is less than the design goal. Energy ICLS ICLS Title 24 Ashrae 90.1 Savings Avg. Usage Design · 200 days/school yr · 8 hrs of operation/day · $0.11/kwh ** Savings per Classroom per year vs. Ashrae 90.1 CONTROL STRATEGIES Finelite, Inc. 30300 Whipple Road Union City, CA 94587-1525 510 / 441

363

PROGRESS IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

otfscole [29kWh,170 kBtu] ASHRAE 90-7S. 1976 Interpretationm :+A- . Fo&kaom, . x ASHRAE 90-7SR,1980 Int.rpreta- .when ASHRAE passed its now-famous voluntary Standard 90-75,

Wall, L.W.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, vol. 5, pp. 1722 -1728, 2012, doi: 10.1109/JSTARS.2012.2196024  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be assessed thanks to Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), a useful tool dedicated to evaluate the environmental. emissions per kWh for wind turbines could range from 8 g/kWh to 124 g/kWh [3]. Similar variations occur wind and solar resources, for example, appear to be abundant, technological, economic and planning

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

365

Rocky Mountain Power- Self-Direction Credit Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Rocky Mountain Power offers a Self-Direction Credit program to its industrial and large commercial customers with annual electric usage of more than 5,000,000 kWh or a 1,000 kW peak load. Through...

366

Rocky Mountain Power- Self-Direction Credit Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Rocky Mountain Power offers a Self-Direction Credit program to its industrial and large commercial customers with annual electric usage of more than 5 million kWh or a peak load of 1,000 kW or more...

367

Building Codes for Classrooms 34MK 3401 Market Street JMHH Jon M. Huntsman Hall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building Codes for Classrooms 34MK 3401 Market Street JMHH Jon M. Huntsman Hall 35MK 3550 Market Market Street KWH Kelly Writers House ACHM Anatomy/Chemistry Building L-FH Lauder-Fischer Hall ADDM Fisher-Bennett Hall LIPP Lippincott BLOC Blockley Hall LLAB Leidy Labs CAST Caster Building LRSM Lab

Plotkin, Joshua B.

368

A monetary comparison of energy recovered from microbial fuel cells and microbial electrolysis cells fed winery or  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as electricity or hydrogen from organic matter. Organic removal efficiencies and values of the different energy the predominance of Geobacter species in anodic microbial communities in MECs for both wastewaters, suggesting low. An AS process typically uses 1 kWh of electricity and produces w0.4 kg of sludge per kg of oxidized COD [2

369

Sustainable Energy --without the hot air David J.C. MacKay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

20 kWh per day per person; covering every south­facing roof with solar water­heating panels captures units. Energies are expressed as quan­ CONSUMPTION PRODUCTION Wind: 20 kWh/d Wave: 4 kWh/d Solar heating energy strategy. Are ``decentralization'' and ``combined heat and power,'' green enough, for example

MacKay, David J.C.

370

Model Predictive Control of Residential Energy Systems Using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as air con- ditioners and refrigerators, is elastic or schedulable. Therefore, an alternate, P. Braun (k) + ui2 (k) (1) where xi is the state of charge of the battery in kWh, ui1 is the battery charge , and the definitions of f and h are obvious from (1). We assume constraints on the battery capacity and charge

Knobloch,Jürgen

371

Field Verification of Energy and Demand Savings of Two Injection Molding Machines Retrofitted with Variable Frequency Drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detailed field measurements of energy consumption (kWh) and demand (kW) are conducted on two injection molding machines (IMMs) used in a typical plastic manufacturing facility in the San Francisco Bay Area, with/without Variable Frequency Drives...

Liou, S. P.; Aguiar, D.

372

Simple and Effective Dynamic Provisioning for Power-Proportional Data Centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

computer infrastructure. The closer to one PUE is, the better energy utilization is. Real-world statistics consumed an estimated 240 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) of energy, roughly 1.3% of the world total energy Chen, and Lachlan L. H. Andrew Abstract--Energy consumption represents a significant cost in data

Andrew, Lachlan

373

Energy Use and Costs in Texas Schools and Hospitals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performance indices among the participating institutions. For participating elementary schools, the annual electrical energy use/area ranged from 5.52 to 16.84 kwh/ft^2, the gas use from 9,363 to 66,639 Btu/ft^2, the electrical cost/area from 0.29 to 0.98 $/ft...

Dunn, J. R.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science Seminar Series Silicone Materials for Sustainable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Photovoltaic (PV) industry has aggressive goals to decrease $/kWh and lower the overall cost of ownership for Sustainable Energy: Emphasis on Photovoltaic Materials for Module Assembly and Installation with Ann Norris properties that make them excellent candidates for photovoltaic module encapsulants and other materials

Crawford, T. Daniel

375

INTERNATIONAL Presented by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exhaust from the gas turbine is sent to a Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG) The steam turbine drives a generator Low pressure steam from the turbine is condensed and sent back to the boiler Thermal efficiency turbine) at 10,000 to 12,000 BTU/kwh Combined Cycle BoilerFeedwater Condenser Steam Turbine & Generator

Keller, Arturo A.

376

1 Copyright 2014 by ASME Proceedings of the 2014 Joint Rail Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. These operators report energy consumption in purchased electricity (kWh) instead of gallons of liquid fuel transportation alternative to reduce energy consumption and emissions in large urban areas. Use of commuter rail-term efficiency trends for rail as an urban transportation mode, this study analyzes historic trends in energy

Barkan, Christopher P.L.

377

MOBILE PHONE, A SUSTAINABLE PRODUCT?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

but mobile > fixed line household penetration) ITU, 2013 GSMA, 2013 Growth Operators activity Europe (EEA GSMA, 2014 Deloitte, 2012 Price of an entrylevel mobile broadband 12% of monthly GNI p.c. 1125Wh / year (own measures, Malmodin 2014) · network : 23kWh / user / year (Malmodin 2014) · French electricity

van Tiggelen, Bart

378

Workshop on Demand Response, Ballerup, 7. February 2006 www.risoe.dk Curtailment of Household Equipments A Danish Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Workshop on Demand Response, Ballerup, 7. February 2006 www.risoe.dk Curtailment of Household Frame · 189 Respondents · Power consumption: 5000 ­ 6000 kWh per year · No electrical heating · Products hours 3 hours 3 hours Question 9 Question 10 Question 13 Price(DKK/kWh) 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% Response

379

Residential Furnace Blower Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conditioner performance1 , standby power, as well as igniter and combustion air blower power. Energy savings for a typical three-and-a-half ton air conditioner with typical California ducts are 45 kWh. Peak demand combinations of blowers and residential furnaces were tested for air moving performance. The laboratory test

380

Vehicle-to-Grid Power: Battery, Hybrid, and Fuel Cell Vehicles as Resources for Distributed Electric Power in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Battery cycle life (cycles) c Battery calendar life (years) Battery costin the battery during its life cycle in kWh, C B is cost ofBattery cycle life (cycles) Battery calendar life (years) Maximum electrical power output to motor (kW) Battery cost

Kempton, Willett; Tomic, Jasna; Letendre, Steven; Brooks, Alec; Lipman, Timothy

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

PROCEEDINGS OF 1976 SUMMER WORKSHOP ON AN ENERGY EXTENSION SERVICE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KWH X 10 3 Occup, Unaee. BTU x10 6 Qceup. Unoec. Oecuj2.H20 gal H 0 occ. -yr. x (155-60) OF x x + 40,000 BTU/occ. /yr. BTU 493,000 BTU/occ. /yr. 8,000,000 BTU/yr. 100

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Methodological and Practical Considerations for DevelopingMultiproject Baselines for Electric Power and Cement Industry Projects inCentral America  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) andthe Center for Sustainable Development in the Americas (CSDA) conductedtechnical studies and organized two training workshops to developcapacity in Central America for the evaluation of climate changeprojects. This paper describes the results of two baseline case studiesconducted for these workshops, one for the power sector and one for thecement industry, that were devised to illustrate certain approaches tobaseline setting. Multiproject baseline emission rates (BERs) for themain Guatemalan electricity grid were calculated from 2001 data. Inrecent years, the Guatemalan power sector has experienced rapid growth;thus, a sufficient number of new plants have been built to estimateviable BERs. We found that BERs for baseload plants offsetting additionalbaseload capacity ranged from 0.702 kgCO2/kWh (using a weighted averagestringency) to 0.507 kgCO2/kWh (using a 10th percentile stringency),while the baseline for plants offsetting load-followingcapacity is lowerat 0.567 kgCO2/kWh. For power displaced from existing load-followingplants, the rate is higher, 0.735 kgCO2/kWh, as a result of the age ofsome plants used for meeting peak loads and the infrequency of their use.The approved consolidated methodology for the Clean Development Mechanismyields a single rate of 0.753 kgCO2/kWh. Due to the relatively smallnumber of cement plants in the region and the regional nature of thecement market, all of Central America was chosen as the geographicboundary for setting cement industry BERs. Unfortunately, actualoperations and output data were unobtainable for most of the plants inthe region, and many data were estimated. Cement industry BERs rangedfrom 205 kgCO2 to 225 kgCO2 per metric ton of cement.

Murtishaw, Scott; Sathaye, Jayant; Galitsky, Christina; Dorion,Kristel

2004-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

383

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Wireless Power Transfer Development for Sustainable Campus Initiative  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wireless power transfer (WPT) is a convenient, safe, and autonomous means for electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle charging that has seen rapid growth in recent years for stationary applications. WPT does not require bulky contacts, plugs, and wires, is not affected by dirt or weather conditions, and is as efficient as conventional charging systems. This study summarizes some of the recent Sustainable Campus Initiative activities of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in WPT charging of an on-campus vehicle (a Toyota Prius plug-in hybrid electric vehicle). Laboratory development of the WPT coils, high-frequency power inverter, and overall systems integration are discussed. Results cover the coil performance testing at different operating frequencies, airgaps, and misalignments. Some of the experimental results of insertion loss due to roadway surfacing materials in the air-gap are presented. Experimental lessons learned are also covered in this study.

Onar, Omer C [ORNL] [ORNL; Miller, John M [ORNL] [ORNL; Campbell, Steven L [ORNL] [ORNL; Coomer, Chester [ORNL] [ORNL; White, Cliff P [ORNL] [ORNL; Seiber, Larry Eugene [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Hybrid options for light-duty vehicles.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) offer great promise in improving fuel economy. In this paper, we analyze why, how, and by how much vehicle hybridization can reduce energy consumption and improve fuel economy. Our analysis focuses on efficiency gains associated solely with vehicle hybridization. We do not consider such other measures as vehicle weight reduction or air- and tire-resistance reduction, because such measures would also benefit conventional technology vehicles. The analysis starts with understanding the energy inefficiencies of light-duty vehicles associated with different operation modes in US and Japanese urban and highway driving cycles, with the corresponding energy-saving potentials. The potential for fuel economy gains due to vehicle hybridization can be estimated almost exclusively on the basis of three elements: the reducibility of engine idling operation, the recoverability of braking energy losses, and the capability of improving engine load profiles to gain efficiency associated with specific HEV configurations and control strategies. Specifically, we evaluate the energy efficiencies and fuel economies of a baseline MY97 Corolla-like conventional vehicle (CV), a hypothetical Corolla-based minimal hybrid vehicle (MHV), and a MY98 Prius-like full hybrid vehicle (FHV). We then estimate energy benefits of both MHVs and FHVs over CVs on a performance-equivalent basis. We conclude that the energy benefits of hybridization vary not only with test cycles, but also with performance requirements. The hybrid benefits are greater for ''Corolla (high) performance-equivalent'' vehicles than for ''Prius (low) performance-equivalent'' vehicles. An increasing acceleration requirement would result in larger fuel economy benefits from vehicle hybridization.

An, F., Stodolsky, F.; Santini, D.

1999-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

385

The importance of vehicle costs, fuel prices, and fuel efficiency to HEV market success.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Toyota's introduction of a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) named ''Prius'' in Japan and Honda's proposed introduction of an HEV in the United States have generated considerable interest in the long-term viability of such fuel-efficient vehicles. A performance and cost projection model developed entirely at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) is used here to estimate costs. ANL staff developed fuel economy estimates by extending conventional vehicle (CV) modeling done primarily under the National Cooperative Highway Research Program. Together, these estimates are employed to analyze dollar costs vs. benefits of two of many possible HEV technologies. We project incremental costs and fuel savings for a Prius-type low-performance hybrid (14.3 seconds zero to 60 mph acceleration, 260 time) and a higher-performance ''mild'' hybrid vehicle, or MHV (11 seconds 260 time). Each HEV is compared to a U.S. Toyota Corolla with automatic transmission (11 seconds 260 time). The base incremental retail price range, projected a decade hence, is $3,200-$3,750, before considering battery replacement cost. Historical data are analyzed to evaluate the effect of fuel price on consumer preferences for vehicle fuel economy, performance, and size. The relationship between fuel price, the level of change in fuel price, and consumer attitude toward higher fuel efficiency is also evaluated. A recent survey on the value of higher fuel efficiency is presented and U.S. commercial viability of the hybrids is evaluated using discount rates of 2090 and 870. Our analysis, with our current HEV cost estimates and current fuel savings estimates, implies that the U.S. market for such HEVS would be quite limited.

Santini, D. J.; Patterson, P. D.; Vyas, A. D.

1999-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

386

Optimizing and Diversifying the Electric Range of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles for U.S. Drivers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To provide useful information for automakers to design successful plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) products and for energy and environmental analysts to understand the social impact of PHEVs, this paper addresses the question of how many of the U.S. consumers, if buying a PHEV, would prefer what electric ranges. The Market-oriented Optimal Range for PHEV (MOR-PHEV) model is developed to optimize the PHEV electric range for each of 36,664 sampled individuals representing U.S. new vehicle drivers. The optimization objective is the minimization of the sum of costs on battery, gasoline, electricity and refueling hassle. Assuming no battery subsidy, the empirical results suggest that: 1) the optimal PHEV electric range approximates two thirds of one s typical daily driving distance in the near term, defined as $450/kWh battery delivered price and $4/gallon gasoline price. 2) PHEVs are not ready to directly compete with HEVs at today s situation, defined by the $600/kWh battery delivered price and the $3-$4/gallon gasoline price, but can do so in the near term. 3) PHEV10s will be favored by the market over longer-range PHEVs in the near term, but longer-range PHEVs can dominate the PHEV market if gasoline prices reach as high as $5-$6 per gallon and/or battery delivered prices reach as low as $150-$300/kWh. 4) PHEVs can become much more attractive against HEVs in the near term if the electric range can be extended by only 10% with multiple charges per day, possible with improved charging infrastructure or adapted charging behavior. 5) the impact of a $100/kWh decrease in battery delivered prices on the competiveness of PHEVs against HEVs can be offset by about $1.25/gallon decrease in gasoline prices, or about 7/kWh increase in electricity prices. This also means that the impact of a $1/gallon decrease in gasoline prices can be offset by about 5/kWh decrease in electricity prices.

Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Lead-acid load-leveling battery testing at Argonne National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) has conducted an extensive evaluation of an advanced lead-acid battery development for load-leveling applications. The battery technology was developed by the Exide Corporation under a DOE-sponsored cost-shared R and D contract with ANL during 1979-1982. The objective of that program was to increase battery life from 2000 to 4000 deep discharge cycles while maintaining or reducing initial battery cost. Full-size, 3100-Ah cells were fabricated by Exide and assembled into one 6-cell and two 3-cell batteries. These 36-kWh and 18-kWh batteries were delivered to ANL in April 1982 for testing and evaluation. Southern California Edison is currently installing a 10-MW, 40-MWh load-leveling facility comprised of batteries based on this design.

Miller, J.F.; Mulcahey, T.P.; Christianson, C.C.; Marr, J.J.; Smaga, J.A.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Sodium/sulfur battery engineering for stationary energy storage. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of modular systems to distribute power using batteries to store off-peak energy and a state of the art power inverter is envisioned to offer important national benefits. A 4-year, cost- shared contract was performed to design and develop a modular, 300kVA/300-kWh system for utility and customer applications. Called Nas-P{sub AC}, this system uses advanced sodium/sulfur batteries and requires only about 20% of the space of a lead-acid-based system with a smaller energy content. Ten, 300-VDC, 40-kWh sodium/sulfur battery packs are accommodated behind a power conversion system envelope with integrated digital control. The resulting design facilities transportation, site selection, and deployment because the system is quiet and non-polluting, and can be located in proximity to the load. This report contains a detailed description of the design and supporting hardware development performed under this contract.

Koenig, A.; Rasmussen, J. [Silent Power, Inc., Salt Lake City, UT (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

PARABOLIC TROUGH POWER FOR THE CALIFORNIA COMPETITIVE MARKET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California is about to complete its third year of a deregulated competitive wholesale power market. During the first two years of the competitive market, power prices averaged between 2 and 3¢/kWh. During 2000, electric supply to California was constrained a number of times causing maximum the price of power to peak over 100¢/kWh, and the average price of power to quadruple. The power output from solar plants tends to coincide with the high power demand periods in California. This fact had been demonstrated by the solar electric generating stations (SEGS) located in the California Mojave Desert, which operate under specific contracts signed in the 1980’s and early 1990’s with the local utility. This paper, on the other hand, examines how new parabolic trough solar plants would have faired on the wholesale competitive power market during 1999 and 2000.

390

Low Wind Speed Turbine Developments in Convoloid Gearing: Final Technical Report, June 2005 - October 2008  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a study conducted by Genesis Partners LP as part of the United States Department of Energy Wind Energy Research Program to develop wind technology that will enable wind systems to compete in regions having low wind speeds. The purpose of the program is to reduce the cost of electricity from large wind systems in areas having Class 4 winds to 3 cents per kWh for onshore systems or 5 cents per kWh for offshore systems. This work builds upon previous activities under the WindPACT project, the Next Generation Turbine project, and Phase I of the Low Wind Speed Turbine (LWST) project. This project is concerned with the development of more cost-effective gearing for speed increasers for wind turbines.

Genesis Partners LP

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

T ti E St S tTetiaroa Energy Storage System Estimated ZBB Zinc Bromide Battery Performance and Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://rael.berkeley.edu 6Modeled 455kW gen set output power #12;Alte nati e Diesel Si ingAlternative Diesel Sizing://rael.berkeley.edu 1 #12;Island Load and DieselIsland Load and Diesel Generation Assumptions #12;Estimated Elect ical: Average daily energy use: 5,698 kWh d d 23 k Average power demand: 237 kW Peak power demand: 427 kW Load

Kammen, Daniel M.

392

Validating Energy Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

13-14, 1994 Table 1 _. Measurement Schedule Description Type of Measurement Tool Raw Material Input Throughput rate Company hourly record Product Output Throughput rale Company hourly record Extruder Drive Demand and Energy kW and kWh meter... MEASUREMENTS The energy measurements are as important to a business decision maker as valid news sources are to the chief editor of a newspaper. The energy measurements become all the more important in industrial audits because of the following...

Chari, S.; Thomas, D.

393

Evaporative Cooling in the NW WCEC Affiliates Meeting May 7, 2013 Energy Center, UC Davis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

design for higher airflow rates · Lack of recognition in codes and HVAC efficiency ratings · Lack% (3.5 kW) Savings Summary Equipment RTU IDEC Electric Energy (kWh) 6,475 2,849 Electric Demand (kW) 5.5 2.2 #12;Water Usage Topic1 #12;· Water pump downsized 580w 380w · Single speed motor to 3-speed

California at Davis, University of

394

Case Study: Goose Creek CISD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GOOSE CREEK CISD FINANCIALS • $4,866,124 project • $600k annual savings • 5,954,383 kWh annual savings IMPROVEMENTS • Lighting and water efficiency, computer power management, HVAC, controls redesign case study McKinstry first worked with Goose... Creek CISD performing retro-commissioning through the Centerpoint/Nexant RCx rebate program. McKinstry found additional projects with good returns on investment, warranting a performance contract. Working with the district to apply for the State...

White, D.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Functions, Part 1 c csun Fall 2011 v15  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

customers $14.00 per month plus $0.10 per kilowatt-hour (KWH) of electricity used. Thus, the monthly cost on the price? If the price per gallon is $3.40, what is the cost to fill the tank? If the price per gallon. This is read as: The cost, C(p), to fill the tank is a function of the price p per gallon. Written form: "the

Fuller, Terry

396

3-50 A classroom is to be air-conditioned using window air-conditioning units. The cooling load is due to people, lights, and heat transfer through the walls and the windows. The number of 5-kW window air  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to a total of 9u365 = 3285 off hours per year. Disregarding the ballast factor, the annual energy and cost) = (4730 kWh/year)($0.08/kWh) = $378/year The implementation cost of this measure is the sum lamps)(60 W/lamp )(3285 hours/year) = 4730 kWh/year Cost Savings = (Energy Savings)(Unit cost of energy

Bahrami, Majid

397

Kemiteknik -Vrme-och strmningsteknik Processteknikens grunder (PTG) 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.08 per kWh, estimate the cost per month of the energy lost through the floor. b. If the room is carpeted.8 W/m2 ·K, respectively. a. If the home is heated electrically and the cost of electricity is $0 with wall-to-wall carpeting 1.6 cm thick ( = 0.06 W/m·K) what would the energy cost be? Data: oak = 0.17 W

Zevenhoven, Ron

398

U.S. Department of EnergyU.S. Department of EnergyU.S. Department of Energy JoAnn Milliken  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Cost (targets: 2.7kWh/L, 3kWh/kg, and $2/kWh) ·Fuel Cell Cost and Durability (targets: $30 per kW, 5000 be validated under real-world conditions. ·Hydrogen Cost (target: $2 ­ $3/gge) ·Hydrogen Storage Capacity: Reduce the cost to $2.00 ­ $3.00/gge (gallon gasoline equivalent) at the pump KEY OBJECTIVE: Reduce

399

Critical Review Microbial Electrolysis Cells for High Yield Hydrogen Gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sources such as wind, solar or biomass, but the energy requirements are high (5.6 kWh/ m3H2) and typical A S S E , , § A N D R E N ´E A . R O Z E N D A L | Hydrogen Energy Center, and Department of Civil, The Netherlands, and Advanced Water Management Centre (AWMC), The University of Queensland, Qld 4072, Australia

400

INFRASTRUCTURE ECOLOGY: AN EVOLVING PARADIGM FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/kWh for hydroelectric Energy for Water: · 4% of total electricity consumption in US for water and wastewater sector; 19.Pandit@gatech.edu #12;City People Economy Transportation Energy Water Waste Buildings Parks Government And many more: · Average consumptive use in US: 2.0 Gal/kWh · 0.5 Gal/kWh for thermoelectric; 18.0 Gal

Das, Suman

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Strategic Eurasian Natural Gas Model for Energy Security  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capacities would constitute 23% of the EU’s 4 Natural gas is in a favourable position in the European electricity generation industry, especially in the context of regulating greenhouse gas emissions... . Gas-fired power plants emit roughly half the CO2 per KWh of electricity output compared to coal-fired power plants. 5 Although, on average, annual growth in gas consumption in Europe during the past twenty years exceeded the annual growth of energy...

Chyong, Chi-Kong; Hobbs, Benjamin F.

2011-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

402

23.07.2003 1 Forschungszentrum Jlich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

experience: 1,5%/a specific energy reduction over 10 years is by far not enough! Specific primary% 15% 12% 38% 18% 1990 2000 2020 Per Energy Carrier in bln kWh 16% 20% 9% 36% 19% 15 200 24 000 Global and the Energy Options Dr. Gerd Eisenbei� Risø, 19. Mai 2003 #12;23.07.2003 2 Forschungszentrum Jülich in der

403

Our Favorite Electrical Energy Saving Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

units. Required Data: Nameplate Data: Voltage Full Load Amps Phase Power Factor Horsepower Current Sequence of Units Local Temperature Data: Total Hours/Year at Observe OF Cost of Energy $0.038/KWH Labor Cost (Electrician) $25.00/Hr... an electrician would take to modify the existing electronic controls. The wage estimate includes overhead and profit. 1. c = current 2. p = proposed ESL-IE-86-06-131 Proceedings from the Eighth Annual Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX...

Turner, W. C.; Estes, C. B.; Spivey, V.

404

LED ProspectsLED Prospects photometric units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/5/8 #12;16 Light bulb comparisonLight bulb comparison W lumens khours CRI $US Incandescent (long life) 75-life incandescent with LED. · 10 light fixtures/home, lights on for 6h/day, 333 days/yr. · Electricity 0.12 $/kWh. W khours $US Incandescent (long life) 100 10 2 LED (PAR38, warm, dimmable) 11 40 90 · What is the lifetime

Pulfrey, David L.

405

Predicting energy usage in a supermarket  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure Plan View of the Store Estimated Contribution of the Electrical Energy Using Systems in the Store. . ??. . 9 Schematic of a Typical Compressor and Refrigeration Case. . . . 13 10. Historical Energy Consumption (kWh) and Demand (k... institutional buildings using site and climate data, building system data and user variations such as occupancy and comfort level. He used the following regression equations to predict energy consumption: Consumption = Po+ Pt*(vl) + P&*(v2) + Pz*(v3) + (4*(v4...

Schrock, Derek Wayne

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Energy Unit Conversion Factors / 1Joule (J) equals 1 2.78 x lO-7 9.49 x 1o-4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Unit Conversion Factors J kWh Btu -~ / 1Joule (J) equals 1 2.78 x lO-7 9.49 x 1o-4 1.25 x lo5i Uranium = 235 (1 gram) 8.28 x lOlo 2.30 x lo4 7.84 x lo7 Deuterium (1 gram) 2.38 x 1011 6

Kostic, Milivoje M.

407

Paramount Petroleum: Plant-Wide Energy-Efficiency Assessment Identifies Three Projects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Paramount Petroleum plant-wide energy assessment identified a cost-effective electrical power and heat energy production facility and systems that could benefit from either fuel-burn adjustments or a new drive/control system. This could lead to independence from a local electric utility with much improved reliability, estimated annual energy savings of 1,200,000 kWh of electricity, and estimated annual savings of$4.1 million for energy reduction and other improvements.

Not Available

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

A Study of the Pre-Programmed Thermostat Timer as a Load Control Device  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The purpose of this research was to determine if a pre-programs3 thmstat timing device can operate similarly to a dispatcher controlled load managanent device to rehce peak generation dmds without adversely affecting energy kwh) sales. SCOPE: The scope... of this research is: (1) to detennine if the device can be used as a viable means of load reduction, (2) to determine the parameters for equiprent and programing for more extensive research involving dispatcher control of dis- tribution load, and (3...

Wallace, M. L.; Thedford, M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Energy Policy, 2004. Vol. 32, 289-297 John Byrnea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2012 $1.50/Wp $0.50/Wp$1.00/Wp Neij, 1997; IEA,2000 $0.15~0.25/kWh $1.50/Wp BOS 50 $3.00/Wp $1.50/Wp 22,000 A 4 15% 30% 2011 2019 Williams and Terzian, 1993; Neij, 1997; IEA,2000; Annual Review of Research and Development, Vol. 10. American Solar Energy Society, Boulder, Colorado

Delaware, University of

410

LET THE SUN SHINE: OPTIMAL DEPLOYMENT OF PHOTOVOLTAICS IN GERMANY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/kWh, depending on its location as well as on the size and type of PV system used (EPIA Report, 2011). InvestmentLET THE SUN SHINE: OPTIMAL DEPLOYMENT OF PHOTOVOLTAICS IN GERMANY Anna CRETI Jérôme JOAUG Cahier n:chantal.poujouly@polytechnique.edu hal-00751743,version1-14Nov2012 #12;Let the sun shine: optimal deployment of photovoltaics in Germany

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

411

Keynote Speaker Presentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the Difference: US and CA • An estimate from Anant Sudarshan, graduate student of Professor James Sweeney, Stanford University, forthcoming paper in the Energy Journal Per Capita Electrical Usage (kWh) Residential (2001) Commercial (2003) Industrial(2002...’s “ Portfolio Manager” to CA Commercial End Use Survey – CEUS] January 1, 2009 • Electric and gas utilities must maintain records of the energy consumption data of all nonresidential buildings to which they provide service, in a format compatible...

Rosenfeld, A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

The EPRI/DOE Utility Wind Turbine Performance Verification Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1992, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and the US Department of Energy (DOE) initiated the Utility Wind Turbine Performance Verification Program (TVP). This paper provides an overview of the TVP, its purpose and goals, and the participating utility projects. Improved technology has significantly reduced the cost of energy from wind turbines since the early 1980s. In 1992, turbines were producing electricity for about $0.07--$0.09/kilowatt-hour (kWh) (at 7 m/s [16 mph sites]), compared with more than $0.30/kWh in 1980. Further technology improvements were expected to lower the cost of energy from wind turbines to $0.05/kWh. More than 17,000 wind turbines, totaling more than 1,500 MW capacity, were installed in the US, primarily in California and Hawaii. The better wind plants had availabilities above 95%, capacity factors exceeding 30%, and operation and maintenance costs of $0.01/kWh. However, despite improving technology, EPRI and DOE recognized that utility use of wind turbines was still largely limited to turbines installed in California and Hawaii during the 1980s. Wind resource assessments showed that other regions of the US, particularly the Midwest, had abundant wind resources. EPRI and DOE sought to provide a bridge from utility-grade turbine development programs under way to commercial purchases of the wind turbines. The TVP was developed to allow utilities to build and operate enough candidate turbines to gain statistically significant operating and maintenance data.

Calvert, S.; Goldman, P. [Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States); DeMeo, E.; McGowin, C. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States); Smith, B.; Tromly, K. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Sustainable Energy without the hot air David J.C. MacKay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-facing roof with solar water-heating panels captures 13 kWh per day per person; and wave machines intercepting- CONSUMPTION PRODUCTION Wind: 20 kWh/d Wave: 4 kWh/d Solar heating: 13 kWh/d Car: 40 kWh/d Jet flights: 30 k strategy. Are "decentralization" and "combined heat and power," green enough, for example? The gov- ernment

MacKay, David J.C.

414

Korea Institute of Energy Research Seong-Ryong Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

+semi-conductor,+ship) exports 172.5 Bil USD (Energy imports) '09 '10 '11(p) *Source: International Monetary Fund - 2011 World.5 38.3 36.8 36.1 22.0 14.2 17.5 15.8 3.7 *source: : Annual Energy Statistics #12;3 Annual energy consumption /p (toe,'09) Power consumption/p (kWh,'09) CO2 emission/p (tCO2,'09) *Source: Energy Balances

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

415

Statewide Emissions Reduction, Electricity and Demand Savings from the Implementation of Building-Energy-Codes in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

residences in Texas by climate zone as well as the average statewide electricity price ( /kWh). The ratio of electric/gas and heat pump houses constructed in Texas was determined using the annual surveys, National Association of Home Builders (NAHB... of Home Builders. Upper Marlboro, MD: NAHB Research Center. NREL. 2001. Building America House Performance Analysis Procedures. (NREL/TP-550-27754) Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. p.34 Paquette, Z., J. Miller, and M. DeWein. 2010...

Yazdani, B.; Haberl, J.; Kim, H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Zilbershtein, G.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Reduce Overhead, Implement Energy Efficiency in Water/Wastewater  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Utilize Biogas Generated On-Site - If a facility has the capability to produce biogas of sufficient quantity (approximately 15 cfm of biogas is necessary to operate a 30 kW microturbine), it may be beneficial to utilize this byproduct. Note... Orleans, LA, May 8-11, 2007. the mixing system with one blower, subsequently saving energy. The savings resulting from this improvement is nearly 400,000 kWh. Food Processor ? modification to its phosphorus removal strategy to increase biogas...

Cantwell, J. C.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Direct fuel cell for the production of electricity from lignin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the use of an anthraquinone mediated fuel cell for the direct production of electrical energy from sulfonated lignin and Kraft Black Liquor. The cell produces the equivalent of one kWh for each 2-3 lb sulfonated lignin and 5-8 lb black liquor combustibles. In the case of the sulfonated lignin, chain session occurs during the oxidation process, reducing the molecular weight from ca. 2 x 10/sup 4/ to less than 1000 D.

Weetall, H.H.; Forsyth, B.D.; Hertl, W.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% of its miles using a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) with 40-mile all-electric-range. Households gas prices are $3.50 per gallon and electricity rates at the U.S. average of 11.2 ct per kWh, the Volt. Recipient's Catalog No. 4. Title and Subtitle PREDICTING THE MARKET POTENTIAL OF PLUG-IN ELECTRIC VEHICLES

419

Heat Transfer Derivation of differential equations for heat transfer conduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) or kW *h or Btu. U is the change in stored energy, in units of kW *h (kWh) or Btu. qx is the heat conducted (heat flux) into the control volume at surface edge x, in units of kW/m2 or Btu/(h-ft2). qx volume is positive), in kW/m3 or Btu/(h-ft3) (a heat sink, heat drawn out of the volume, is negative

Veress, Alexander

420

Opportunities and Challenges for Solar Minigrid Development in Rural India  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this report is to inform investors about the potential of solar minigrid technologies to serve India's rural market. Under the US-India Energy Dialogue, the US Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is supporting the Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)'s Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) in performing a business-case and policy-oriented analysis on the deployment of solar minigrids in India. The JNNSM scheme targets the development of 2GW of off-grid solar power by 2022 and provides large subsidies to meet this target. NREL worked with electricity capacity and demand data supplied by the Ladakh Renewable Energy Development Agency (LREDA) from Leh District, to develop a technical approach for solar minigrid development. Based on the NREL-developed, simulated solar insolation data for the city of Leh, a 250-kW solar photovoltaic (PV) system can produce 427,737 kWh over a 12-month period. The business case analysis, based on several different scenarios and JNNSM incentives shows the cost of power ranges from Rs. 6.3/kWh (US$0.126) to Rs. 9/kWh (US$0.18). At these rates, solar power is a cheaper alternative to diesel. An assessment of the macro-environment elements--including political, economic, environmental, social, and technological--was also performed to identify factors that may impact India?s energy development initiatives.

Thirumurthy, N.; Harrington, L.; Martin, D.; Thomas, L.; Takpa, J.; Gergan, R.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article examines the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economic value of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems, focusing on commercial customers in California. Using 15-minute interval building load and PV production data from a sample of 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial-customer retail electricity rates currently offered in the state. Across all combinations of customers and rates, we find that the annual bill savings from PV, per kWh generated, ranges from $0.05/kWh to $0.24/kWh. This sizable range in rate-reduction value reflects differences in rate structures, revenue requirements, the size of the PV system relative to building load, and customer load shape. The most significant rate design issue for the value of commercial PV is found to be the percentage of total utility bills recovered through demand charges, though a variety of other factors are also found to be of importance. The value of net metering is found to be substantial, but only when commercial PV systems represent a sizable portion of annual customer load. Though the analysis presented here is specific to California, our general results demonstrate the fundamental importance of retail rate design for the customer-economics of grid-connected, customer-sited PV.

Mills, Andrew; Wiser, Ryan; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2008-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

422

Demand side management in India: Opportunities and challenges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

India`s electricity demand has been growing by more than 8% per year over the last decade. However, despite the fact that more than 70% of its 130 million households do not have access to electricity, demand for electricity has outstripped supply resulting in frequent blackouts and routine brownouts. India`s per capita consumption of electricity is about 240 KWh compared to about 500 KWh in other developing countries and 7,000 KWh in developed nations. According to the Fifteenth Power Survey by Indian Ministry of Energy, per capita energy consumption is projected to grow at about 5.5% per year until 2020, when India`s population is projected to reach 1.2 billion people. Based on these projections, India will need a generating capacity of 450,000 MW in 2020, compared to the current capacity of about 80,000 MW. Considering rising costs, limited fuel supply, and shortages of capital for power plant construction, it is unlikely that projected capacity will be realized. The only viable option would be to utilize available power through intensive energy efficiency improvements and load management.

Nezhad, H.G.; Mehta, J.V.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Recovery Act: Integrated DC-DC Conversion for Energy-Efficient Multicore Processors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this project, we have developed the use of thin-film magnetic materials to improve in energy efficiency of digital computing applications by enabling integrated dc-dc power conversion and management with on-chip power inductors. Integrated voltage regulators also enables fine-grained power management, by providing dynamic scaling of the supply voltage in concert with the clock frequency of synchronous logic to throttle power consumption at periods of low computational demand. The voltage converter generates lower output voltages during periods of low computational performance requirements and higher output voltages during periods of high computational performance requirements. Implementation of integrated power conversion requires high-capacity energy storage devices, which are generally not available in traditional semiconductor processes. We achieve this with integration of thin-film magnetic materials into a conventional complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) process for high-quality on-chip power inductors. This project includes a body of work conducted to develop integrated switch-mode voltage regulators with thin-film magnetic power inductors. Soft-magnetic materials and inductor topologies are selected and optimized, with intent to maximize efficiency and current density of the integrated regulators. A custom integrated circuit (IC) is designed and fabricated in 45-nm CMOS silicon-on-insulator (SOI) to provide the control system and power-train necessary to drive the power inductors, in addition to providing a digital load for the converter. A silicon interposer is designed and fabricated in collaboration with IBM Research to integrate custom power inductors by chip stacking with the 45-nm CMOS integrated circuit, enabling power conversion with current density greater than 10A/mm2. The concepts and designs developed from this work enable significant improvements in performance-per-watt of future microprocessors in servers, desktops, and mobile devices. These new approaches to scaled voltage regulation for computing devices also promise significant impact on electricity consumption in the United States and abroad by improving the efficiency of all computational platforms. In 2006, servers and datacenters in the United States consumed an estimated 61 billion kWh or about 1.5% of the nation's total energy consumption. Federal Government servers and data centers alone accounted for about 10 billion kWh, for a total annual energy cost of about $450 million. Based upon market growth and efficiency trends, estimates place current server and datacenter power consumption at nearly 85 billion kWh in the US and at almost 280 billion kWh worldwide. Similar estimates place national desktop, mobile and portable computing at 80 billion kWh combined. While national electricity utilization for computation amounts to only 4% of current usage, it is growing at a rate of about 10% a year with volume servers representing one of the largest growth segments due to the increasing utilization of cloud-based services. The percentage of power that is consumed by the processor in a server varies but can be as much as 30% of the total power utilization, with an additional 50% associated with heat removal. The approaches considered here should allow energy efficiency gains as high as 30% in processors for all computing platforms, from high-end servers to smart phones, resulting in a direct annual energy savings of almost 15 billion kWh nationally, and 50 billion kWh globally. The work developed here is being commercialized by the start-up venture, Ferric Semiconductor, which has already secured two Phase I SBIR grants to bring these technologies to the marketplace.

Shepard, Kenneth L

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

424

Life-cycle analysis results of geothermal systems in comparison to other power systems.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emissions analysis has been conducted with Argonne National Laboratory's expanded Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (GREET) model for geothermal power-generating technologies, including enhanced geothermal, hydrothermal flash, and hydrothermal binary technologies. As a basis of comparison, a similar analysis has been conducted for other power-generating systems, including coal, natural gas combined cycle, nuclear, hydroelectric, wind, photovoltaic, and biomass by expanding the GREET model to include power plant construction for these latter systems with literature data. In this way, the GREET model has been expanded to include plant construction, as well as the usual fuel production and consumption stages of power plant life cycles. For the plant construction phase, on a per-megawatt (MW) output basis, conventional power plants in general are found to require less steel and concrete than renewable power systems. With the exception of the concrete requirements for gravity dam hydroelectric, enhanced geothermal and hydrothermal binary used more of these materials per MW than other renewable power-generation systems. Energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) ratios for the infrastructure and other life-cycle stages have also been developed in this study per kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electricity output by taking into account both plant capacity and plant lifetime. Generally, energy burdens per energy output associated with plant infrastructure are higher for renewable systems than conventional ones. GHG emissions per kWh of electricity output for plant construction follow a similar trend. Although some of the renewable systems have GHG emissions during plant operation, they are much smaller than those emitted by fossil fuel thermoelectric systems. Binary geothermal systems have virtually insignificant GHG emissions compared to fossil systems. Taking into account plant construction and operation, the GREET model shows that fossil thermal plants have fossil energy use and GHG emissions per kWh of electricity output about one order of magnitude higher than renewable power systems, including geothermal power.

Sullivan, J. L.; Clark, C. E.; Han, J.; Wang, M.; Energy Systems

2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

425

Research, development, and demonstration of advanced lead-acid batteries for utility load leveling. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An advanced lead-acid storage battery has been developed to the preprototype cell and module design stage. Accelerated tests on full-size plates in 3, 5, and 17-plate cell sizes predict a cycle life goal of 4000 cycles at 80% depth-of-discharge can be achieved at 25/sup 0/C on a 2 cycle per day regime. One 6-cell 36 kwh and two 3-cell 18 kwh modules of cells in series were assembled and delivered to the ANL/NBTL for utility application and accelerated cycling tests. Each module is equipped with a low cost tray, automatic watering system, and air-lift pumps for increased acid circulation in each cell. Positive grid corrosion was measured in 5-plate cells at 50 to 55/sup 0/C during 166 kAh continuous overcharge to qualify a grid alloy. Up to 60% weight loss was observed on one test alloy. With the qualified alloy catastrophic positive grid corrosion will not limit cell cycle life. An accelerated shallow cycle regime at room ambient tested 60 cell designs for the active material shedding failure mode. An anti-shedding active material additive was found to reduce positive active material shedding significantly and extend the cycle life of both the positive and the negative plate. An accelerated 2-deep cycle per day test regime at 70/sup 0/C with 80% DoD and 24% overcharge selected 10 of 60 cell designs with a predicted cycle life greater than 5000 equivalent 25/sup 0/C cycles. Equations relating cell design to deep cycle life were developed from the factorial tests on the 60 cells. Eight 35-plate preprototype cells are cycling at EXIDE to prove the room ambient cycle life predicted by the accelerated test at 70/sup 0/C. Cell, module and battery prices are projected, based on the 6 kwh preprototype cell design.

Not Available

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

The feasibility of applying geopressured-geothermal resources to direct uses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study concludes that direct use technologies, especially desalinated water production, can contribute significantly to the value added process and the overall economic viability in developing a geopressured resource. Although agriculture and aquaculture applications are marginal projects when they are the only use of a geopressured well, the small margin of profitability can contribute to improving the overall economics of the direct use development. The added complexity from a technical and management aspect may add to the overall risk and unpredictability of the project. Six combination of direct uses received economic evaluation that resulted in 15% discounted payback periods ranging from 4 to over 10 years. Many other combinations are possible depending on the resource and market variables. Selection of appropriate technologies and sizes of applications will be established by the developer that engages in geopressured resource utilization. Currently, many areas of the country where geopressured resources are located also have surplus electrical capacity and generation, thus power utilities have been selling power for less than 2 cents per kWH, well below a reasonable breakeven value for geopressured produced electricity. However, when the energy demand of the integrated geopressured facility is large enough to install power generation equipment, operating expenses can be reduced by not paying the 10 to 12 cents per kWH utility rate. The study includes an analysis of a geothermal turbine unit installed with a desalination and an agriculture/aquaculture facility, taking advantage of the cascading energy values. Results suggest that this scenario becomes profitable only where the market price for electricity exceeds five cents per kWH.

Lunis, B.C.; Negus-de Wys, J.; Plum, M.M. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)); Lienau, P.J. (Oregon Inst. of Tech., Klamath Falls, OR (United States). Geo-Heat Center); Spencer, F.J. (International Management Services (United States)); Nitschke, G.F. (Nitschke (George F.) (United States))

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Fleet and Baseline Performance Testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) conducts baseline performance and fleet testing of hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). To date, the AVTA has completed baseline performance testing on seven HEV models and accumulated 1.4 million fleet testing miles on 26 HEVs. The HEV models tested or in testing include: Toyota Gen I and Gen II Prius, and Highlander; Honda Insight, Civic and Accord; Chevrolet Silverado; Ford Escape; and Lexus RX 400h. The baseline performance testing includes dynamometer and closed track testing to document the HEV’s fuel economy (SAE J1634) and performance in a controlled environment. During fleet testing, two of each HEV model are driven to 160,000 miles per vehicle within 36 months, during which maintenance and repair events, and fuel use is recorded and used to compile life-cycle costs. At the conclusion of the 160,000 miles of fleet testing, the SAE J1634 tests are rerun and each HEV battery pack is tested. These AVTA testing activities are conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory, Electric Transportation Applications, and Exponent Failure Analysis Associates. This paper discusses the testing methods and results.

J. Francfort; D. Karner

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

A wide bandgap silicon carbide (SiC) gate driver for high-temperature and high-voltage applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Limitations of silicon (Si) based power electronic devices can be overcome with Silicon Carbide (SiC) because of its remarkable material properties. SiC is a wide bandgap semiconductor material with larger bandgap, lower leakage currents, higher breakdown electric field, and higher thermal conductivity, which promotes higher switching frequencies for high power applications, higher temperature operation, and results in higher power density devices relative to Si [1]. The proposed work is focused on design of a SiC gate driver to drive a SiC power MOSFET, on a Cree SiC process, with rise/fall times (less than 100 ns) suitable for 500 kHz to 1 MHz switching frequency applications. A process optimized gate driver topology design which is significantly different from generic Si circuit design is proposed. The ultimate goal of the project is to integrate this gate driver into a Toyota Prius plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) charger module. The application of this high frequency charger will result in lighter, smaller, cheaper, and a more efficient power electronics system.

Lamichhane, Ranjan [University of Arkansas; Ericson, Milton Nance [ORNL; Frank, Steven Shane [ORNL; BRITTONJr., CHARLES L. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Marlino, Laura D [ORNL; Mantooth, Alan [University of Arkansas; Francis, Matt [APEI, Inc.; Shepherd, Dr. Paul [University of Arkansas; Glover, Dr. Michael [University of Arkansas; Podar, Mircea [ORNL; Perez, M [University of Arkansas; Mcnutt, Tyler [APEI, Inc.; Whitaker, Mr. Bret [APEI, Inc.; Cole, Mr. Zach [APEI, Inc.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Project: Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2 (San Juan) - Relining Lateral A – Preliminary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the efficiency of pumping plants. The economic water and energy savings analyses provide estimates of the economic costs per acre-foot of water savings and per BTU (kwh) of energy savings associated with one to five proposed capital improvement activity... at the time and is subject to an array of resource limitations. At times, District management’s best educated estimates (or that of the consulting engineer) are used to base cost and/or savings’ values well into the future. Obviously, this is imperfect...

Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Robinson, John R.C.; Popp, Michael C.

430

Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: United Irrigation District of Hidalgo County (United) – Rehabilitation of Main Canal, Laterals, and Diversion Pump Station – Final  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

savings analyses provide estimates of the economic costs per acre-foot of water savings and per BTU (kwh) of energy savings associated with one to five proposed capital improvement activity(ies) (each referred to as a component). An aggregate assessment... publications. This analysis report is based on the best information available at the time and is subject to an array of2 resource limitations. At times, District management’s best educated estimates (or that of the consulting engineer) are used to base cost...

Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.

431

Final Scientific/Technical Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Boeing Phantom Works and its team originally proposed a three-year Phase III SPI project to develop a 30-kWh flywheel with a 100 kW power capability as a power risk management system (RMS) for power users and providers. The chief objectives for the Risk Management System Flywheel were to (1) demonstrate its ability to protect a critical load such as a small data center from swings in power availability, cost, and power factor and (2) show that the RMS flywheel can perform these functions with reduced noise, emissions, and operating costs when compared with non-HTS competitors including batteries, diesel generators, and microturbines.

Dr. Michael Strasik

2007-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

432

Review of EU airport energy interests and priorities with respect to ICT, energy efficiency and enhanced building operation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

settings. CASCADE is aiming also at turning FDD into the actionable information by developing an energy action plan that links Actions-Actors-ISO Standards (ISO, 2011) through a web-based management portal. The developed ICT solutions will be able... performance benchmarks 5. Making an Energy Action Plan that links actors, actions, and ISO standards based on facility specific data and providing cost/benefit (kWh, CO2, Euros). CASCADE approach focuses to the actions which airports can take in order...

Costa, A.; Blanes, L. M.; Donnelly, C.; Keane, M. M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Development of Zinc/Bromine Batteries for Load-Leveling Applications: Phase 1 Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Zinc/Bromine Load-Leveling Battery Development contract (No. 40-8965) was partitioned at the outset into two phases of equal length. Phase 1 started in September 1990 and continued through December 1991. In Phase 1, zinc/bromine battery technology was to be advanced to the point that it would be clear that the technology was viable and would be an appropriate choice for electric utilities wishing to establish stationary energy-storage facilities. Criteria were established that addressed most of the concerns that had been observed in the previous development efforts. The performances of 8-cell and 100-cell laboratory batteries demonstrated that the criteria were met or exceeded. In Phase 2, 100-kWh batteries will be built and demonstrated, and a conceptual design for a load-leveling plant will be presented. At the same time, work will continue to identify improved assembly techniques and operating conditions. This report details the results of the efforts carried out in Phase 1. The highlights are: (1) Four 1-kWh stacks achieved over 100 cycles, One l-kWh stack achieved over 200 cycles, One 1-kWh stack achieved over 300 cycles; (2) Less than 10% degradation in performance occurred in the four stacks that achieved over 100 cycles; (3) The battery used for the zinc loading investigation exhibited virtually no loss in performance for loadings up to 130 mAh/cm{sup 2}; (4) Charge-current densities of 50 ma/cm{sup 2} have been achieved in minicells; (5) Fourteen consecutive no-strip cycles have been conducted on the stack with 300+ cycles; (6) A mass and energy balance spreadsheet that describes battery operation was completed; (7) Materials research has continued to provide improvements in the electrode, activation layer, and separator; and (8) A battery made of two 50-cell stacks (15 kWh) was produced and delivered to Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) for testing. The most critical development was the ability to assemble a battery stack that remained leak free. The task of sealing the battery stack using vibration welding has undergone significant improvement resulting in a viable production process. Through several design iterations, a solid technology base for larger battery stack designs was established. Internal stack stresses can now be modeled, in addition to fluid velocity and fluid pressure distribution, through the use of a finite element analysis computer program. Additionally, the Johnson Controls Battery Group, Inc. (JCBGI) proprietary FORTRAN model has been improved significantly, enabling accurate performance predictions. This modeling was used to improve the integrity and performance of the battery stacks, and should be instrumental in reducing the turnaround time from concept to assembly.

Eidler, Phillip

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Operational results from the Saudi Solar Village Photovoltaic power system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The world's largest photovoltaic power system was carried into the operation phase a few months ago. This system was developed and fabricated in the United States and it is providing electrical energy to three remote villages in Saudi Arabia. The facility includes a 350 kW photovoltaic array, 1-MW diesel powered generator, 1100 kWH lead acid batteries, a 300 KVA inverter and a solar weather data monitoring station. The photovoltaic power system is capable of completely automatic operation. It is designed to operate in stand-alone and cogeneration modes of operation.

Huraib, F.; Al-Sani, A.; Khoshami, B.H.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Sustainable Energy Future in China's Building Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, The Netherlands and Finland (11W/m²). Heating and hot water consumption represent 2/3 of energy demand in buildings in China. The thermal performance and heating system efficiency need to be improved dramatically in order to contain the soaring... Efficiency Standard for New Residential Buildings in 1995, the average energy consumption for heating in China is about 90~100kWh/m²a 3 which is still almost twice of that in Sweden, Denmark, The Netherlands and Finland (40~50KWh/m²a). Furthermore...

Li, J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Energy Conservation Through Industrial Cogeneration Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

illustrates potential savings. Assume that we have a business with a given thermal requirement. Assume further that it is possible to fill this requirement by recovering exhaust heat from a gas turbine which also powers an electric generator. Fuel....021 - 0.013 = 0.008 kWh ? Annual Saving/Kilowatt Installed = $72/kW CD Simple Payback: 266 --;- 72 = 3. 69 years @ Rate of Return = 15% Conclusion Solar has used gas turbine engines to provide site-generated electric power in almost every...

Solt, J. C.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Analysis of Emissions Calculators for the National Center of Excellence on Displaced Emission Reductions (CEDER)- 2008 Annual Report to the United States Environmental Protection Agency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.edu/activities/ozonecapstone/noxcalculator.htm ESA?21 Yes 9 Residential?Calculator?&?Business?Calculator http://www.10percentchallenge.org/rezcalculator.php Earthlogic,?Inc. Yes 10 Climate?Change?Calculator? http://www.americanforests.org/resources/ccc/index.php ?AMERICAN?FORESTS Yes 11...,325 Elec.?Only?(Annual?10,979? kwh) 3.2 3.2?Emission?Reductions?Calculator Leonardo?Academy Texas 12000?kWh/Year N/A 10 10 17,208 The?value?in?SOx?section? represents?SO2 4 AirHead?Emissions?Calculator AirHead Result?is?aggregate?emissions 5 Carbon...

Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.; Haberl, J.; Baltazar, J. C.; Do, S. L.

438

Partners for Progress- A Utility Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a cogeneration facility. Given a competitive cost and CPL's quality serVice these industriales are choosing cPt as thei~ primary power supplier. The estimated cost of power from a ~6MW cogeneration facility is 3.4 cents/KWH which is the same... as the cost of CPL power. CU9'1'OM!R U9PQND TO HI!! INTDRUP'l'~ !m? Since the Public Utility COmm19B1on or Texas approved our latest interruptible rates for large industriales (10 MW and above) the company has Bold over 200 MWa of this service. This has...

Pierce, C. S.

439

The Economics of Cogeneration Selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The number of years of construction, the first year of oper ation, the general inflation rate, and other specific rates and escalations are parameters used to define the investment and operating costs of a cogeneration facility. Table II lists the...'set of general economic ground rules used later in the sample cogeneration opportunity analysis. Table II General Economic Groundrules Fuel Cost $/MBtu (HHV) 4.00 (1984) Escalation Rate (in percent) 7.0 Utility Avoided Cost ?/kWh 4.50 (1984...

Fisk, R. W.; Hall, E. W.; Sweeney, J. H.

440

Advanced Low-Cost Receivers for Parabolic Troughs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This fact sheet describes an advanced, low-cost receiver project for parabolic troughs, awarded under the DOE's 2012 SunShot Concentrating Solar Power R&D award program. Norwich Technologies is designing a novel receiver that addresses these issues for parabolic trough concentrating solar power systems. This technology represents significant operational and cost advances in the most trusted and broadly implemented form of CSP and provides a viable pathway to achieving SunShot’s $0.06/kWh goal for utility-scale CSP systems.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Residential Buildings in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emissions Savings (lbs/year) Combined Estimated Cost ($) Simple Estimated Payback (yrs) 0.025 11.1 30.1- Combined Ozone Season Period NOx Emissions Savings (lbs/day) 28.5-16.3 6.7 - 34.9 ESL-TR-07-08-02 Energy Systems Laboratory - August 2007 7... individual measures above for specific savings * Energy Cost: Electricity cost = $0.15/kWh Natural gas cost = $1.00/therm 4. Savings depend on fuel mix used. See detailed writeup (Building Description) * Building type: Residential * Gross area: 2...

Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

442

Estimating the Annual Water and Energy Savings in Texas A & M University Cafeterias using Low Flow Pre-Rinse Spray Valves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

equal to 100,000 British thermal units (BTU).1 Therm is equal to 29.3 kWh Temperature rise through Heater The difference in the water temperature supplied to the water heater, and the water exiting the water heater. This is typically 70*F, which... assumes a water line temperature of 75*F and a water heater setting of 145*F Water Heater Efficiency The percentage of energy delivered to the water divided by the amount of energy consumed by the water heater viii TABLE OF CONTENTS...

Rebello, Harsh Varun

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

443

Advanced Wind Turbine Program Next Generation Turbine Development Project: June 17, 1997--April 30, 2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document reports the technical results of the Next Generation Turbine Development Project conducted by GE Wind Energy LLC. This project is jointly funded by GE and the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory.The goal of this project is for DOE to assist the U.S. wind industry in exploring new concepts and applications of cutting-edge technology in pursuit of the specific objective of developing a wind turbine that can generate electricity at a levelized cost of energy of $0.025/kWh at sites with an average wind speed of 15 mph (at 10 m height).

GE Wind Energy, LLC

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

I Found My Energy Role Model | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAX POLICIES7.pdfFuel CellandVehicles & Fuelscents per kWh - Without2/06 THUGCI

445

I04RL003.pdf  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAX POLICIES7.pdfFuel CellandVehicles & Fuelscents per kWh - Without2/065

446

Property:Incentive/PVPbiFitMaxKW | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County,ContAddr2 Jump to: navigation, searchExpireDtStringPVNPFitDolKWh

447

Analysis of data from electric and hybrid electric vehicle student competitions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy sponsored several student engineering competitions in 1993 that provided useful information on electric and hybrid electric vehicles. The electrical energy usage from these competitions has been recorded with a custom-built digital meter installed in every vehicle and used under controlled conditions. When combined with other factors, such as vehicle mass, speed, distance traveled, battery type, and type of components, this information provides useful insight into the performance characteristics of electrics and hybrids. All the vehicles tested were either electric vehicles or hybrid vehicles in electric-only mode, and had an average energy economy of 7.0 km/kwh. Based on the performance of the ``ground-up`` hybrid electric vehicles in the 1993 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Challenge, data revealed a I km/kwh energy economy benefit for every 133 kg decrease in vehicle mass. By running all the electric vehicles at a competition in Atlanta at several different constant speeds, the effects of rolling resistance and aerodynamic drag were evaluated. On average, these vehicles were 32% more energy efficient at 40 km/h than at 72 km/h. The results of the competition data analysis confirm that these engineering competitions not only provide an educational experience for the students, but also show technology performance and improvements in electric and hybrid vehicles by setting benchmarks and revealing trends.

Wipke, K.B. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Hill, N.; Larsen, R.P. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article examines the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economic value of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems, focusing on commercial customers in California. Using 15-min interval building load and PV production data from a sample of 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial-customer retail electricity rates currently offered in the state. Across all combinations of customers and rates, we find that the annual bill savings from PV, per kWh generated, ranges from $0.05 to $0.24/kWh. This sizable range in rate-reduction value reflects differences in rate structures, revenue requirements, the size of the PV system relative to building load, and customer load shape. The most significant rate design issue for the value of commercial PV is found to be the percentage of total utility bills recovered through demand charges, though a variety of other factors are also found to be of importance. The value of net metering is found to be substantial, but only when energy from commercial PV systems represents a sizable portion of annual customer load. Though the analysis presented here is specific to California, our general results demonstrate the fundamental importance of retail rate design for the customer-economics of grid-connected, customer-sited PV.

Mills, Andrew D.; Wiser, Ryan; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

449

New York Power Authority/New York City Housing Authority refrigerator replacement program, first program year evaluation. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Acting as an energy services provider, the New York Power Authority (NYPA) has initiated a long-term project through which 20,000 refrigerators per year will be replaced with the most energy-efficient units possible in apartments managed by the New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA). Using bulk purchasing as an incentive to appliance manufacturers to produce energy-efficient refrigerators suitable for use in apartments, replaced in the first year of the program, which ended in December 1996. These units, kWh per year. Savings were determined by field testing and laboratory testing of 220 existing refrigerators and 56 newly-installed units. In the next program year, a 15.0-cubic-foot Maytag refrigerator, newly-designed in response to bulk purchasing incentives, is being installed. The new unit has a label rating of 437 kWh per year, 31 percent better than 1993 energy standards. Old refrigerators removed from apartments are {open_quotes}demanufactured{close_quotes} in an environmentally-appropriate way and both metals and refrigerants are recovered for reuse.

Kinney, L.F.; Lewis, G. [Synertech Systems Corp., Syracuse, NY (United States); Pratt, R.G.; Miller, J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Integrated Testing, Simulation and Analysis of Electric Drive Options for Medium-Duty Parcel Delivery Vehicles: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory verified diesel-conventional and diesel-hybrid parcel delivery vehicle models to evaluate petroleum reduction and cost implications of plug-in hybrid gasoline and diesel variants. These variants are run on a field-data-derived design matrix to analyze the effects of drive cycle, distance, battery replacements, battery capacity, and motor power on fuel consumption and lifetime cost. Two cost scenarios using fuel prices corresponding to forecasted highs for 2011 and 2030 and battery costs per kilowatt-hour representing current and long-term targets compare plug-in hybrid lifetime costs with diesel conventional lifetime costs. Under a future cost scenario of $100/kWh battery energy and $5/gal fuel, plug-in hybrids are cost effective. Assuming a current cost of $700/kWh and $3/gal fuel, they rarely recoup the additional motor and battery cost. The results highlight the importance of understanding the application's drive cycle, daily driving distance, and kinetic intensity. For instances in the current-cost scenario where the additional plug-in hybrid cost is regained in fuel savings, the combination of kinetic intensity and daily distance travelled does not coincide with the usage patterns observed in the field data. If the usage patterns were adjusted, the hybrids could become cost effective.

Ramroth, L. A.; Gonder, J.; Brooker, A.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

COE projection for the modular WARP{trademark} wind power system for wind farms and electric utility power transmission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind power has emerged as an attractive alternative source of electricity for utilities. Turbine operating experience from wind farms has provided corroborating data of wind power potential for electric utility application. Now, a patented modular wind power technology, the Toroidal Accelerator Rotor Platform (TARP{trademark}) Windframe{trademark}, forms the basis for next generation megawatt scale wind farm and/or distributed wind power plants. When arranged in tall vertically clustered TARP{trademark} module stacks, such power plant units are designated Wind Amplified Rotor Platform (WARP{trademark}) Systems. While heavily building on proven technology, these systems are projected to surpass current technology windmills in terms of performance, user-friendly operation and ease of maintenance. In its unique generation and transmission configuration, the WARP{trademark}-GT System combines both electricity generation through wind energy conversion and electric power transmission. Furthermore, environmental benefits include dramatically less land requirement, architectural appearance, lower noise and EMI/TV interference, and virtual elimination of bird mortality potential. Cost-of-energy (COE) is projected to be from under $0.02/kWh to less than $0.05/kWh in good to moderate wind resource sites.

Weisbrich, A.L. [ENECO, West Simsbury, CT (United States); Ostrow, S.L.; Padalino, J. [Raytheon Engineers and Constructors, New York, NY (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

The Federal Advanced Wind Turbine Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of technologically advanced, higher efficiency wind turbines has been identified as a high priority activity by the US wind industry. The Department of Energy`s Wind Energy Program has begun a multi-year development program aimed at assisting the wind industry with the design, development, and testing of advanced wind turbine systems that can compete with conventional electric generation for $0.05/kWh at 13 mph sites by the mid-1990s and with fossil-fuel-based generators for $0.04/kWh at 13 mph sites by the year 2000. The development plan consists of four phases: (1) Conceptual Design Studies; (2) Near-Term Product Development; (3) Next Generation Technology Integration and Design, and (4) Next- Generation Technology Development and Testing. The Conceptual Design Studies were begun in late 1990, and are scheduled for completion in the Spring of 1992. Preliminary results from these analyses are very promising and indicate that the goals stated above are technically feasible. This paper includes a brief summary of the Conceptual Design Studies and presents initial plans for the follow-on activities. 3 refs., 4 figs.

Hock, S.M.; Thresher, R.W. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Goldman, P.R. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

DOE/NREL Advanced Wind Turbine Development Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of technologically advanced, high-efficiency wind turbines continues to be a high-priority activity of the US wind industry. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (formerly the Solar Energy Research Institute), sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), has initiated the Advanced Wind Turbine Program to assist the wind industry in the development of a new class of advanced wind turbines. The initial phase of the program focused on developing conceptual designs for near-term and advanced turbines. The goal of the second phase of this program is to use the experience gained over the last decade of turbine design and operation combined with the latest existing design tools to develop a turbine that will produce energy at $0.05 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) in a 5.8-m/s (13-mph) wind site. Three contracts have been awarded, and two more are under negotiation in the second phase. The third phase of the program will use new innovations and state-of-the-art wind turbine design technology to produce a turbine that will generate energy at $0.04/kWh in a 5.8-m/s wind site. Details of the third phase will be announced in early 1993.

Butterfield, C.P.; Smith, B.; Laxson, A.; Thresher, B. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)] [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Goldman, P. [USDOE Assistant Secretary for Conservation and Renewable Energy, Washington, DC (United States). Wind/Hydro/Ocean Technologies Div.] [USDOE Assistant Secretary for Conservation and Renewable Energy, Washington, DC (United States). Wind/Hydro/Ocean Technologies Div.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

The Federal Advanced Wind Turbine Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of technologically advanced, higher efficiency wind turbines has been identified as a high priority activity by the US wind industry. The Department of Energy's Wind Energy Program has begun a multi-year development program aimed at assisting the wind industry with the design, development, and testing of advanced wind turbine systems that can compete with conventional electric generation for $0.05/kWh at 13 mph sites by the mid-1990s and with fossil-fuel-based generators for $0.04/kWh at 13 mph sites by the year 2000. The development plan consists of four phases: (1) Conceptual Design Studies; (2) Near-Term Product Development; (3) Next Generation Technology Integration and Design, and (4) Next- Generation Technology Development and Testing. The Conceptual Design Studies were begun in late 1990, and are scheduled for completion in the Spring of 1992. Preliminary results from these analyses are very promising and indicate that the goals stated above are technically feasible. This paper includes a brief summary of the Conceptual Design Studies and presents initial plans for the follow-on activities. 3 refs., 4 figs.

Hock, S M; Thresher, R W [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Goldman, P R [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Heliostat cost reduction study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power towers are capable of producing solar-generated electricity and hydrogen on a large scale. Heliostats are the most important cost element of a solar power tower plant. Since they constitute {approx} 50% of the capital cost of the plant it is important to reduce heliostat cost as much as possible to improve the economic performance of power towers. In this study we evaluate current heliostat technology and estimate a price of $126/m{sup 2} given year-2006 materials and labor costs for a deployment of {approx}600 MW of power towers per year. This 2006 price yields electricity at $0.067/kWh and hydrogen at $3.20/kg. We propose research and development that should ultimately lead to a price as low as $90/m{sup 2}, which equates to $0.056/kWh and $2.75/kg H{sup 2}. Approximately 30 heliostat and manufacturing experts from the United States, Europe, and Australia contributed to the content of this report during two separate workshops conducted at the National Solar Thermal Test Facility.

Jones, Scott A.; Lumia, Ronald. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Davenport, Roger (Science Applications International Corporation, San Diego, CA); Thomas, Robert C. (Advanced Thermal Systems, Centennial, CO); Gorman, David (Advanced Thermal Systems, Larkspur, CO); Kolb, Gregory J.; Donnelly, Matthew W.

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Cool roofs as an energy conservation measure for federal buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have developed initial estimates of the potential benefits of cool roofs on federal buildings and facilities (building scale) as well as extrapolated the results to all national facilities under the administration of the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). In addition, a spreadsheet ''calculator'' is devised to help FEMP estimate potential energy and cost savings of cool roof projects. Based on calculations for an average insulation level of R-11 for roofs, it is estimated that nationwide annual savings in energy costs will amount to $16M and $32M for two scenarios of increased roof albedo (moderate and high increases), respectively. These savings, corresponding to about 3.8 percent and 7.5 percent of the base energy costs for FEMP facilities, include the increased heating energy use (penalties) in winter. To keep the cost of conserved energy (CCE) under $0.08 kWh-1 as a nationwide average, the calculations suggest that the incremental cost for cool roofs should not exceed $0.06 ft-2, assuming that cool roofs have the same life span as their non-cool counterparts. However, cool roofs usually have extended life spans, e.g., 15-30 years versus 10 years for conventional roofs, and if the costs of re-roofing are also factored in, the cutoff incremental cost to keep CCE under $0.08 kWh-1 can be much higher. In between these two ends, there is of course a range of various combinations and options.

Taha, Haider; Akbari, Hashem

2003-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

457

Fundamental Thermal Fluid Physics of High Temperature Flows in Advanced Reactor Systems - Nuclear Energy Research Initiative Program Interoffice Work Order (IWO) MSF99-0254 Final Report for Period 1 August 1999 to 31 December 2002  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ultimate goal of the study is the improvement of predictive methods for safety analyses and design of advanced reactors for higher efficiency and enhanced safety and for deployable reactors for electrical power generation, process heat utilization and hydrogen generation. While key applications would be advanced gas-cooled reactors (AGCRs) using the closed Brayton cycle (CBC) for higher efficiency (such as the proposed Gas Turbine - Modular Helium Reactor (GT-MHR) of General Atomics [Neylan and Simon, 1996]), results of the proposed research should also be valuable in reactor systems with supercritical flow or superheated vapors, e.g., steam. Higher efficiency leads to lower cost/kwh and reduces life-cycle impacts of radioactive waste (by reducing waters/kwh). The outcome will also be useful for some space power and propulsion concepts and for some fusion reactor concepts as side benefits, but they are not the thrusts of the investigation. The objective of the project is to provide fundamental thermal fluid physics knowledge and measurements necessary for the development of the improved methods for the applications.

McEligot, D.M.; Condie, K.G.; Foust, T.D.; McCreery, G.E.; Pink, R.J.; Stacey, D.E. (INEEL); Shenoy, A.; Baccaglini, G. (General Atomics); Pletcher, R.H. (Iowa State U.); Wallace, J.M.; Vukoslavcevic, P. (U. Maryland); Jackson, J.D. (U. Manchester, UK); Kunugi, T. (Kyoto U., Japan); Satake, S.-i. (Tokyo U. Science, Japan)

2002-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

458

Structural Composites Industries 4 kilowatt wind system development. Phase I: design and analysis, technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 4 kW small wind energy conversion system (SWECS) has been designed for residential applications in which relatively low (10 mph) mean annual wind speeds prevail. The objectives were to develop such a machine to produce electrical energy at 6 cents per kWh while operating in parallel with a utility grid or auxiliary generator. The Phase I effort began in November, 1979 and was carried through the Final Design Review in February 1981. During this period extensive trade, optimization and analytical studies were performed in an effort to provide the optimum machine to best meet the objectives. Certain components, systems and manufacturing processes were tested and evaluated and detail design drawings were produced. The resulting design is a 31-foot diameter horizontal axis downwind machine rated 5.7 kW and incorporating the following unique features: Composite Blades; Free-Standing Composite Tower; Torque-Actuated Blade Pitch Control. The design meets or exceeds all contract requirements except that for cost of energy. The target 6 cents per kWh will be achieved in a mean wind speed slightly below 12 mph instead of the specified 10 mph.

Malkine, N.; Bottrell, G.; Weingart, O.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

The feasibility of replacing or upgrading utility distribution transformers during routine maintenance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is estimated that electric utilities use about 40 million distribution transformers in supplying electricity to customers in the United States. Although utility distribution transformers collectively have a high average efficiency, they account for approximately 61 billion kWh of the 229 billion kWh of energy lost annually in the delivery of electricity. Distribution transformers are being replaced over time by new, more efficient, lower-loss units during routine utility maintenance of power distribution systems. Maintenance is typically not performed on units in service. However, units removed from service with appreciable remaining life are often refurbished and returned to stock. Distribution transformers may be removed from service for many reasons, including failure, over- or underloading, or line upgrades such as voltage changes or rerouting. When distribution transformers are removed from service, a decision must be made whether to dispose of the transformer and purchase a lower-loss replacement or to refurbish the transformer and return it to stock for future use. This report contains findings and recommendations on replacing utility distribution transformers during routine maintenance, which is required by section 124(c) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992. The objectives of the study are to evaluate the practicability, cost-effectiveness, and potential energy savings of replacing or upgrading existing transformers during routine utility maintenance and to develop recommendations on was to achieve the potential energy savings.

Barnes, P.R.; Van Dyke, J.W.; McConnell, B.W.; Cohn, S.M.; Purucker, S.L.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Barriers to the Application of High-Temperature Coolants in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study was performed by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to identify practical approaches, technical barriers, and cost impacts to achieving high-temperature coolant operation for certain traction drive subassemblies and components of hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). HEVs are unique in their need for the cooling of certain dedicated-traction drive subassemblies/components that include the electric motor(s), generators(s), inverter, dc converter (where applicable), and dc-link capacitors. The new coolant system under study would abandon the dedicated 65 C coolant loop, such as used in the Prius, and instead rely on the 105 C engine cooling loop. This assessment is important because automotive manufacturers are interested in utilizing the existing water/glycol engine cooling loop to cool the HEV subassemblies in order to eliminate an additional coolant loop with its associated reliability, space, and cost requirements. In addition, the cooling of power electronic devices, traction motors, and generators is critical in meeting the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technology (FCVT) goals for power rating, volume, weight, efficiency, reliability, and cost. All of these have been addressed in this study. Because there is high interest by the original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) in reducing manufacturing cost to enhance their competitive standing, the approach taken in this analysis was designed to be a positive 'can-do' approach that would be most successful in demonstrating the potential or opportunity of relying entirely on a high-temperature coolant system. Nevertheless, it proved to be clearly evident that a few formidable technical and cost barriers exist and no effective approach for mitigating the barriers was evident in the near term. Based on comprehensive thermal tests of the Prius reported by ORNL in 2005 [1], the continuous ratings at base speed (1200 rpm) with different coolant temperatures were projected from test data at 900 rpm. They are approximately 15 kW with 103 C coolant and 20 kW with 50 C coolant. To avoid this 25% drop1 in continuous power, design changes for improved heat dissipation and carefully managed changes in allowable thermal limits would be required in the hybrid subsystems. This study is designed to identify the technical barriers that potentially exist in moving to a high-temperature cooling loop prior to addressing the actual detailed design. For operation at a significantly higher coolant temperature, there were component-level issues that had to be addressed in this study. These issues generally pertained to the cost and reliability of existing or near term components that would be suitable for use with the 105 C coolant. The assessed components include power electronic devices/modules such as diodes and insulated-gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs), inverter-grade high-temperature capacitors, permanent magnets (PM), and motor-grade wire insulation. The need for potentially modifying/resizing subassemblies such as inverters, motors, and heat exchangers was also addressed in the study. In order to obtain pertinent information to assist ORNL researchers address the thermal issues at the component, module, subassembly, and system levels, pre-existing laboratory test data conducted at varying temperatures was analyzed in conjunction with information obtained from technical literature searches and industry sources.

Hsu, J.S.; Staunton, M.R.; Starke, M.R.

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

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461

Barriers to the Application of High-Temperature Coolants in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study was performed by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to identify practical approaches, technical barriers, and cost impacts to achieving high-temperature coolant operation for certain traction drive subassemblies and components of hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). HEVs are unique in their need for the cooling of certain dedicated-traction drive subassemblies/components that include the electric motor(s), generators(s), inverter, dc converter (where applicable), and dc-link capacitors. The new coolant system under study would abandon the dedicated 65 C coolant loop, such as used in the Prius, and instead rely on the 105 C engine cooling loop. This assessment is important because automotive manufacturers are interested in utilizing the existing water/glycol engine cooling loop to cool the HEV subassemblies in order to eliminate an additional coolant loop with its associated reliability, space, and cost requirements. In addition, the cooling of power electronic devices, traction motors, and generators is critical in meeting the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technology (FCVT) goals for power rating, volume, weight, efficiency, reliability, and cost. All of these have been addressed in this study. Because there is high interest by the original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) in reducing manufacturing cost to enhance their competitive standing, the approach taken in this analysis was designed to be a positive 'can-do' approach that would be most successful in demonstrating the potential or opportunity of relying entirely on a high-temperature coolant system. Nevertheless, it proved to be clearly evident that a few formidable technical and cost barriers exist and no effective approach for mitigating the barriers was evident in the near term. Based on comprehensive thermal tests of the Prius reported by ORNL in 2005 [1], the continuous ratings at base speed (1200 rpm) with different coolant temperatures were projected from test data at 900 rpm. They are approximately 15 kW with 103 C coolant and 20 kW with 50 C coolant. To avoid this 25% drop1 in continuous power, design changes for improved heat dissipation and carefully managed changes in allowable thermal limits would be required in the hybrid subsystems. This study is designed to identify the technical barriers that potentially exist in moving to a high-temperature cooling loop prior to addressing the actual detailed design. For operation at a significantly higher coolant temperature, there were component-level issues that had to be addressed in this study. These issues generally pertained to the cost and reliability of existing or near-term components that would be suitable for use with the 105 C coolant. The assessed components include power electronic devices/modules such as diodes and insulated-gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs), inverter-grade high-temperature capacitors, permanent magnets (PM), and motor-grade wire insulation. The need for potentially modifying/resizing subassemblies such as inverters, motors, and heat exchangers was also addressed in the study. In order to obtain pertinent information to assist ORNL researchers address the thermal issues at the component, module, subassembly, and system levels, pre-existing laboratory test data conducted at varying temperatures was analyzed in conjunction with information obtained from technical literature searches and industry sources.

Staunton, Robert H [ORNL; Hsu, John S [ORNL; Starke, Michael R [ORNL

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Lower-Energy Energy Storage System (LEESS) Evaluation in a Full-Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cost of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) (e.g., Toyota Prius or Ford Fusion Hybrid) remains several thousand dollars higher than the cost of comparable conventional vehicles, which has limited HEV market penetration. The battery energy storage device is typically the component with the greatest contribution toward this cost increment, so significant cost reductions/performance improvements to the energy storage system (ESS) can improve the vehicle-level cost-benefit relationship, which would in turn lead to larger HEV market penetration and greater aggregate fuel savings. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) collaborated with a United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) Workgroup to analyze trade-offs between vehicle fuel economy and reducing the minimum energy requirement for power-assist HEVs. NREL's analysis showed that significant fuel savings could still be delivered from an ESS with much lower energy storage than previous targets, which prompted the United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) to issue a new set of lower-energy ESS (LEESS) targets that could be satisfied by a variety of technologies, including high-power batteries or ultracapacitors. NREL has developed an HEV test platform for in-vehicle performance and fuel economy validation testing of the hybrid system using such LEESS devices. This presentation describes development of the vehicle test platform and in-vehicle evaluation results using a lithium-ion capacitor ESS-an asymmetric electrochemical energy storage device possessing one electrode with battery-type characteristics (lithiated graphite) and one with ultracapacitor-type characteristics (carbon). Further efforts include testing other ultracapacitor technologies in the HEV test platform.

Cosgrove, J.; Gonder, J.; Pesaran, A.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Micro-Grids for Colonias (TX)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the results of the final implementation and testing of a hybrid micro-grid system designed for off-grid applications in underserved Colonias along the Texas/Mexico border. The project is a federally funded follow-on to a project funded by the Texas State Energy Conservation Office in 2007 that developed and demonstrated initial prototype hybrid generation systems consisting of a proprietary energy storage technology, high efficiency charging and inverting systems, photovoltaic cells, a wind turbine, and bio-diesel generators. This combination of technologies provided continuous power to dwellings that are not grid connected, with a significant savings in fuel by allowing power generation at highly efficient operating conditions. The objective of this project was to complete development of the prototype systems and to finalize and engineering design; to install and operate the systems in the intended environment, and to evaluate the technical and economic effectiveness of the systems. The objectives of this project were met. This report documents the final design that was achieved and includes the engineering design documents for the system. The system operated as designed, with the system availability limited by maintenance requirements of the diesel gensets. Overall, the system achieved a 96% availability over the operation of the three deployed systems. Capital costs of the systems were dependent upon both the size of the generation system and the scope of the distribution grid, but, in this instance, the systems averaged $0.72/kWh delivered. This cost would decrease significantly as utilization of the system increased. The system with the highest utilization achieved a capitol cost amortized value of $0.34/kWh produced. The average amortized fuel and maintenance cost was $0.48/kWh which was dependent upon the amount of maintenance required by the diesel generator. Economically, the system is difficult to justify as an alternative to grid power. However, the operational costs are reasonable if grid power is unavailable, e.g. in a remote area or in a disaster recovery situation. In fact, avoided fuel costs for the smaller of the systems in use during this project would have a payback of the capital costs of that system in 2.3 years, far short of the effective system life.

Dean Schneider; Michael Martin; Renee Berry; Charles Moyer

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

464

Steam driven centrifugal pump for low cost boiler feed service  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes a steam driven centrifugal pump for boiler feed-water and other high pressure water applications, which was awarded Top Honors in the special pumps category of the 1982 Chemical processing Vaaler competition, because the simple design with turbine, pump and controls combined in an integral unit provides high operating efficiency and reliable performance with minimal maintenance. Single source responsibility for all components when the pump may have to be serviced is another advantage. These features meet the requirements for boiler feed pumps that are critical to maintaining a consistent steam supply in a process plant where downtime can be extremely expensive. The annual cost to operate the pump for 8000 hours is about $100,000, if electricity costs 5 cents/kwh. These pumps can be run for about $30,000 on steam, if natural gas costs $4.00/mcf. Cost savings are $70,000 annually.

Not Available

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

30-MJ superconducting magnetic energy storage for electric-transmission stabilization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bonneville Power Administration operates the electric power transmission system that connects the Pacific Northwest and southern California. The HVAC interties develop 0.35 Hz oscillations when the lines are heavily loaded. A 30 MJ (8.4 kWh) Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) unit with a 10 MW converter can provide system damping for the oscillation. The unit is scheduled for installation in 1982 and operation in 1982-83. Status of the project is described. The conductor has been fully tested electrically and mechanically and the 5 kA superconducting cable has been produced. The 30 MJ superconducting coil is essentially complete. All major components of the electrical and cryogenic systems except the nonconducting dewar have been completed. The refrigerator and converter are undergoing tests. The system is to be located at the BPA Tacoma Substation and operated by microwave link from Portland, OR.

Turner, R.D.; Rogers, J.D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at Massachusetts Military Reservation. A Study Prepared in Partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency for the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of an assessment of the technical and economic feasibility of deploying photovoltaics (PV) systems on a superfund site located within the Massachusetts Military Reservation (MMR). The site was assessed for possible PV installations. The cost, performance, and site impacts of different PV options were estimated. The economics of the potential systems were analyzed using an electric rate of $0.17/kWh and incentives offered in the State of Massachusetts, such as the solar renewable energy credits. According to calculations, MMR can place 8 MW of ballast-weighted, ground-mounted PV systems on the crowns of the three landfill caps and the borrow pit with the PV modules tilted at 30 degrees.

Stafford, B.; Robichaud, R.; Mosey, G.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Persistent Commissioning, Persistent Value  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, completed in late 2012, focused on the optimization of economizer lockout setpoints and air handler operating hours, and saved 680,000 kWh and 39,000 therms annually. At a high level, the programming changes were simple in concept, though the practical... Economizers 86,083 -2,360 $8,326 $0 0 3 - Economizer Lockout Setpoints 511,190 0 $76,614 $13,200 0.17 4 - Boiler Schedule 34,891 71,763 $54,305 $4,500 0.08 5 - Optimize Boiler Lockout Setpoints 2,521 1,121 $1,158 $0 0 6 ? Exhaust Fan VFD 45,589 0 $3...

Morgan, W. R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Optimizing Power Factor Correction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

has been reversed. The 36 different plots that are given in each Fig. 6 through 8 are for 36 different combinations PB (yr) 1.0 1.1 0.8 0.9 1.0 P F 2 ./ 0.5 -+/::.......----------------'1':7 0.5 PFl 1.0 Dr ? ZIZ Itw. DfB? zz,zzz kWh. B... ? $z,zzz. D ? $zz/kVAR. Figure 3. Payback period contours; upper triangle 1.0 PFI 0.5 ~....L---------------------t-0.5 0.9 '0.8 1.0 P F 2 / ./ 1.0 1.1 PB (yr) Figure 4. Payback period contours; lower triangle 811 ESL-IE-86...

Phillips, R. K.; Burmeister, L. C.

469

Raytheon: Compressed Air System Upgrade Saves Energy and Improves Performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2003, Raytheon Company upgraded the efficiency of the compressed air system at its Integrated Air Defense Center in Andover, Massachusetts, to save energy and reduce costs. Worn compressors and dryers were replaced, a more sophisticated control strategy was installed, and an aggressive leak detection and repair effort was carried out. The total cost of these improvements was $342,000; however, National Grid, a utility service provider, contributed a $174,000 incentive payment. Total annual energy and maintenance cost savings are estimated at $141,500, and energy savings are nearly 1.6 million kWh. This case study was prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy's Industrial Technologies Program.

Not Available

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Bexar County Parking Garage Photovoltaic Panels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main objective of the Bexar County Parking Garage Photovoltaic (PV) Panel project is to install a PV System that will promote the use of renewable energy. This project will also help sustain Bexar County ongoing greenhouse gas emissions reduction and energy efficiency goals. The scope of this project includes the installation of a 100-kW system on the top level of a new 236,285 square feet parking garage. The PV system consists of 420 solar panels that covers 7,200 square feet and is tied into the electric-grid. It provides electricity to the office area located within the garage. The estimated annual electricity production of the PV system is 147,000 kWh per year.

Golda Weir

2012-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

471

Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of an assessment of the technical and economic feasibility of deploying a photovoltaics (PV) system on brownfield sites in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. All of the assessed sites are landfills. The sites were assessed for possible PV installations. The cost, performance, and site impacts of different PV options were estimated. The economics of the potential systems were analyzed using an electric rate of $0.119/kWh and incentives offered by Puerto Rico and by the serving utility, PREPA. According to the site production calculations, the most cost-effective system in terms of return on investment is the thin-film fixed-tilt technology. The report recommends financing options that could assist in the implementation of such a system.

Salasovich, J.; Mosey, G.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at the Refuse Hideaway Landfill in Middleton, Wisconsin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of an assessment of the technical and economic feasibility of deploying a photovoltaics (PV) system on a brownfield site at the Refuse Hideaway Landfill in Middleton, Wisconsin. The site currently has a PV system in place and was assessed for further PV installations. The cost, performance, and site impacts of different PV options were estimated. The economics of the potential systems were analyzed using an electric rate of $0.1333/kWh and incentives offered by the State of Wisconsin and by the serving utility, Madison Gas and Electric. According to the site production calculations, the most cost-effective system in terms of return on investment is the thin-film fixed-tilt technology. The report recommends financing options that could assist in the implementation of such a system.

Salasovich, J.; Mosey, G.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

RenewableNY - An Industrial Energy Conservation Initiative  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The New York Industrial Retention Network (NYIRN) manages the RenewableNY program to assist industrial companies in New York City to implement energy efficiency projects. RenewableNY provides companies with project management assistance and grants to identify opportunities for energy savings and implement energy efficiency projects. The program helps companies identify energy efficient projects, complete an energy audit, and connect with energy contractors who install renewable energy and energy efficient equipment. It also provides grants to help cover the costs of installation for new systems and equipment. RenewableNY demonstrates that a small grant program that also provides project management assistance can incentivize companies to implement energy efficiency projects that might otherwise be avoided. Estimated savings through RenewableNY include 324,500 kWh saved through efficiency installations, 158 kW of solar energy systems installed, and 945 thm of gas avoided.

Lubarr, Tzipora

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

474

Quantification of Energy and Emissions Saved in Energy Efficiency/ Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Programs in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(6.0 tons/OSD) 1,772 tons/yr for SO2 2,286,012 tons/yr for CO2 * Note $0.095/kWh, $0.65/therm p. 64 Energy Systems Laboratory © 2011 RENEWABLES: WHAT ARE THEY? Wind energy is the largest portion. 0 5,000,000 10,000,000 15... Landfill gas Hydro RENEWABLES: WHAT ARE THEY? Wind energy is the largest portion. Landfill gas, hydro are next. 0 5,000,000 10,000,000 15,000,000 20,000,000 25,000,000 30,000,000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 E le ct ri ci ty G en...

Haberl, J. S.; Baltazar, J. C.; Mao, C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Wind energy as a significant source of electricity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind energy is a commercially available renewable energy source, with state-of-the-art wind plants producing electricity at about $0.05 per kWh. However, even at that production cost, wind-generated electricity is not yet fully cost-competitive with coal- or natural-gas-produced electricity for the bulk electricity market. The wind is a proven energy source; it is not resource-limited in the US, and there are no insolvable technical constraints. This paper describes current and historical technology, characterizes existing trends, and describes the research and development required to reduce the cost of wind-generated electricity to full competitiveness with fossil-fuel-generated electricity for the bulk electricity market. Potential markets are described.

Nix, R.G.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

NREL/CCSE PEV Battery Second Use Project (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation describes the Battery Second Use Project. Preliminary analysis results show (1) the impact of competing technologies, (2) potential revenue generation, and (3) supply and demand of the second use of plug-in electric vehicle batteries. The impact of competing technologies are: maximum salve value of a used battery will be limited by future battery prices, under favorable conditions, second use can only discount today's battery prices by 12% or less, however, second use will offer batteries to second applications at reduced cost (typically < $170/kWh). Revenue streams are highly variable, allowable battery costs are highly sensitive to balance-of-system costs, and batteries need to be very cheap for these applications to be viable. Supply and demand show that high-value applications have both competition and small markets, and supply from plug-in electric vehicles has the potential to overwhelm many second use markets.

Neubauer, J.; Pesaran, A.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

MIXTURES OF CO2-SF6 AS WORKING FLUIDS FOR GEOTHERMAL PLANTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, mixtures of CO2 and SF6 were evaluated as working fluids for geothermal plants based on property measurements, molecular dynamics modeling, thermodynamic cycle analysis, and materials compatibility assessment. The CO2 - SF6 was evaluated for a reservoir temperature of 160 oC. Increasing the efficiency for these low reservoir sources will increase the options available for geothermal energy utilization in more sites across the country. The properties for the mixtures were obtained either from thermodynamic property measurements and molecular dynamics simulations. Optimum compositions of the CO2 - SF6 were identified for a well reservoir temperature and a given water-cooling condition. Concerning the global warming potential, it was estimated that the equivalent CO2 emissions per 1kWh for a Rankine cycle operating with 100% SF6 would be approximately of 7.6% than those for a coal-fired power plant.

Sabau, Adrian S [ORNL; Yin, Hebi [ORNL; Gruszkiewicz, Miroslaw {Mirek} S [ORNL; McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL; Qualls, A L [ORNL; Conklin, Jim [ORNL; Pawel, Steven J [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Off-peak air conditioning; A major energy saver  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Today, the mission given to manufacturers is changing to include saving energy (kWh). Until now, saving energy was ignored because the utilities were happy to fill their night valley to reach a higher load factor. There also was a general feeling that making ice was much less efficient than standard air conditioning, and that anyone saying otherwise was a dreamer. This article discusses the energy savings based on the more prevalent ice storage technology, the similar suction temperatures of the various types of ice storage, and how storage is applied. Included are baseload power generation, partial storage with chiller priority, using air cooled condensers when making ice at night, colder duct air, heat recovery, central rooftop systems, smart controls, electric/gas combinations, supply side transmission and distribution losses, and cooling of air entering gas turbine generators during peak conditions.

MacCracken, C.D.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Electric Power monthly, November 1995 with data for August 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents monthly electricity statistics, with the purpose of providing energy decisionmakers with accurate, timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities; the information are from six data sources: forms EIA-759, FERC Form 423, EIA-826, EIA-861, EIA-860, and Form OE-417R. An article on reclicensing and environmental issues affecting hydropower is included. Then the statistics are presented in: US electric power at a glance, utility net generation, utility consumption of fossil fuels, fossil-fuel stocks at utilities, fossil fuel receipts and costs, utility sales/revenue/average revenue per kWh, and monthly plant aggregates. Finally, nonutility power producer statistics, bibliography, technical notes, and a glossary are presented.

NONE

1995-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

480

Demonstration of the potential for energy conservation in several food-processing plants. Final report, December 15, 1977-December 31, 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A detailed energy audit was performed on an operating fluid milk plant with a 1979 production of 12.33 million gallons. Approximately 52% of the fuel energy was lost to inefficient boiler operation. About 40% of the electrical demand is from refrigeration compressors. A detailed evaluation was made of various energy saving options. The process heat requirements can be economically decreased to 8.4 billion Btu from the present 26.4 billion Btu's. Similarly it was found that 1.15 million kWh of electricity could be saved based on the 1979 consumption load. Using various heat recovery options, it was found, while maintaining the normal investment criterion, the boiler fuel requirement could be decreased to less than 1 billion Btu's per year.

Okos, M.R.; Marks, J.S.; Baker, T.

1981-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kwh hymotion prius" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Comparison of technologies for new energy-efficient lamps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy-efficient light bulbs are being developed to replace the incandescent lamp where they can satisfy the design criteria and be used in sockets that have long hours of annual use. The four technologies discussed include the compact fluorescent lamp, coated-filament lamp, electrodeless fluorescent lamp, and compact high-intensity discharge lamp. The systems demonstrate efficacy improvements of two to four times that of their incandescent counterparts. These new lamps have required considerable advances in lamp technology. They offer the potential for achieving efficacies close to 80 lm/W. These new lamps will reduce the energy used annually by incandescent lamps (190 billion kWh) by more than 50 percent in the 1990's, at which times they will be commonly employed.

Verderber, R.R.; Rubinstein, F.M.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Geographic Variation in Potential of Rooftop Residential Photovoltaic Electric Power Production in the United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This paper describes a geographic evaluation of Zero Energy Home (ZEH) potential, specifically an assessment of residential roof-top solar electric photovoltaic (PV) performance around the United States and how energy produced would match up with very-efficient and super-efficient home designs. We performed annual simulations for 236 TMY2 data locations throughout the United States on two highly-efficient one-story 3-bedroom homes with a generic grid-tied solar electric 2kW PV system. These annual simulations show how potential annual solar electric power generation (kWh) and potential energy savings from PV power vary geographically around the U.S. giving the user in a specific region an indication of their expected PV system performance.

483

Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at the Former St. Marks Refinery in St. Marks, Florida  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of an assessment of the technical and economic feasibility of deploying a photovoltaics (PV) system on a brownfield site in St. Marks, Florida. The site was assessed for possible PV installations. The cost, performance, and site impacts of different PV options were estimated. The economics of the potential systems were analyzed using an electric rate of $0.08/kWh and incentives offered in the State of Florida and from the two accessible utilities, Progress Energy and the City of Tallahassee. According to the site production calculations, the most cost-effective system in terms of return on investment is the fixed-tilt thin film technology. The report recommends financing options that could assist in the implementation of such a system.

Lisell, L.; Mosey, G.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Development and operation of a photovoltaic power system for use at remote Antarctic sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A photovoltaic power system, designed and built at the NASA Lewis Research Center, has successfully operated over the past two summer seasons at a remote site in Antarctica, providing utility-type power for a six-person field team. The system was installed at the Lake Hoare site for approximately five weeks during late 1992, put into storage for the Antarctic winter, and then used again during the 1993 season. The photovoltaic power system consists of three silicon photovoltaic sub-arrays delivering a total of 1.5 kWe peak power, three lead-acid gel battery modules supplying 2.4 kWh, and an electrical distribution system which delivers 120 Vac and 12 Vdc to the user. The system worked extremely well in providing quiet, reliable power. The experience gained from early system demonstrations such as this should be beneficial in accelerating the transition toward future PV systems in Antarctica and other similar areas.

Piszczor, M.F.; Kohout, L.L.; Manzo, M. [National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Cleveland, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center; Colozza, A.J. [NYMA, Brook Park, OH (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

485

Commissioning and Retro Commissioning Programs for Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.powerofaction.com/efficiency 12 Monthly Energy Usage Before and After Retro Commissioning Project Trottier Middle School Monthly Energy Usage Trottier Middle School - kWh 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 80,000 90,000 100,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May... ? Location: Worcester, MA ? Building Area: 475,000 square feet ? Annual Energy Usage: 16,490,400 kWh/year and 339,111 therms/year ? Projected Energy Savings: 363,293 kWh/year and 17,633 therms/year ? Energy Savings Low Cost/No Cost Measures (identified...

Kuklarni, A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Electric power monthly. June 1966 with data for March 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and state agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public, with the purpose of providing energy decisionmakers with accurate, timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities (Public Law 93-275). A section on upgrading transmission capacity for wholesale electric power trade is included. The tables include US electric power at a glance, utility net generation, utility consumption of fossil fuels, fossil-fuel stocks/receipts/cost at utilities, utility sales/revenue/revenue per kWh, and monthly plant aggregates.

NONE

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Determination analysis of energy conservation standards for distribution transformers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains information for US DOE to use in making a determination on proposing energy conservation standards for distribution transformers as required by the Energy Policy Act of 1992. Potential for saving energy with more efficient liquid-immersed and dry-type distribution transformers could be significant because these transformers account for an estimated 140 billion kWh of the annual energy lost in the delivery of electricity. Objective was to determine whether energy conservation standards for distribution transformers would have the potential for significant energy savings, be technically feasible, and be economically justified from a national perspective. It was found that energy conservation for distribution transformers would be technically and economically feasible. Based on the energy conservation options analyzed, 3.6-13.7 quads of energy could be saved from 2000 to 2030.

Barnes, P.R.; Van Dyke, J.W.; McConnell, B.W.; Das, S.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Environmental Impact of the Texas LoanSTAR Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

savings (in kwh). These categories are also useful for evaluating the environmental impact of the program. Table 1: Average Emission Factors I I NATURAL GAS I I i I TX I EIA (1993) 1 1.216 1 0.00 I 4.71 I I I COAL I I I I C TX USA I TX 1 EIA... (1993) 1 1.960 1 5.87 I 9.50 1 EPA EIA ( 1993) Region EPA 1 1.700 1 4.85 1 5.50 1 I I I I I USA I EIA (1993) 1 1,933 1 18.21 1 8.87 I 1,700 1.187 -. - Source I USA 1 EIA (1993) 1 NA 1 0.00 1 0.00 1 4.85 0.00 co2 IbsNWh Region TX TX 5...

Athar, A.; Abbas, M.; Haberl, J. S.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.; Harvey, T.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

An adaptive attack on Wiesner's quantum money  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unlike classical money, which is hard to forge for practical reasons (e.g. producing paper with a certain property), quantum money is attractive because its security might be based on the no-cloning theorem. The first quantum money scheme was introduced by Wiesner circa 1970. Although more sophisticated quantum money schemes were proposed, Wiesner's scheme remained appealing because it is both conceptually clean and relatively easy to implement. We show efficient adaptive attacks on Wiesner's quantum money scheme [Wie83] (and its variant by Bennett et al. [BBBW83]), when valid money is accepted and passed on, while invalid money is destroyed. We propose two attacks, the first is inspired by the Elitzur-Vaidman bomb testing problem [EV93, KWH+95], while the second is based on the idea of protective measurements [AAV93]. It allows us to break Wiesner's scheme with 4 possible states per qubit, and generalizations which use more than 4 states per qubit.

Aharon Brodutch; Daniel Nagaj; Or Sattath; Dominique Unruh

2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

490

Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at the Stringfellow Superfund Site in Riverside, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of an assessment of the technical and economic feasibility of deploying a photovoltaics (PV) system on the Stringfellow Superfund Site in Riverside, California. The site was assessed for possible PV installations. The cost, performance, and site impacts of different PV options were estimated. The economics of the potential systems were analyzed using an electric rate of $0.13/kWh and incentives offered by Southern California Edison under the California Solar Initiative. According to the assessment, a government-owned, ground-mounted PV system represents a technically and economically feasible option. The report recommends financing options that could assist in the implementation of such a system.

Mosey, G.; Van Geet, O.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

EPA Clean Energy-Environment Guide to Action 5.5 Fostering Green Power Markets Policy Description and Objective Summary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green power is a relatively small but growing market that provides electricity customers the opportunity to make environmental choices about their electricity consumption. Programs in more than 40 states currently serve approximately 540,000 customers, representing nearly 4 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) annually. Green power is offered in both vertically integrated and competitive retail markets. Green power programs have existed for approximately 10 years and have contributed to the development of over 2,200 megawatts (MW) of new renewable capacity over that time. A recent study estimates that this could reach 8,000 MW by 2015 (Wiser et al. 2001). Because participation in green power programs is voluntary, the role for states may be more limited

unknown authors

492

Conversion Factor Table http://vertex42.com/edu/kinematics.html Copyright 2005 Jon Wittwer Multiply by To Get  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.696 psia bar 0.9869 atm, std bar 1x105 Pa Btu 778.169 ft·lbf Btu 1055.056 J Btu 5.40395 psia·ft3 Btu 2.928x10-4 kWh Btu 1x10-5 therm Btu / hr 1.055056 kJ / hr Btu / hr 0.216 ft·lbf / sec Btu / hr 3.929x10-4 hp Btu / hr 0.2931 W Btu / lbm 2.326* kJ / kg Btu / lbm 25,037 ft2 / s2 Btu / lbm·R 4.1868 kJ / kg

Kostic, Milivoje M.

493

Research, development, and demonstration of nickel-iron batteries for electric vehicle propulsion. Annual report, 1979  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The program has progressed to the stage of evaluating full-sized (220 Ah) cells, multicell modules, and 22 kWh batteries. Nickel electrodes that display stable capacities of up to 24 Ah/plate (at C/3 drain rate) at design thickness (2.5 mm) in tests at 200/sup +/ test cycles. Iron electrodes of the composite-type are also delivering 24 Ah/plate (at C/3) at target thickness (1.0 mm). Iron plates are displaying capacity stability for 300/sup +/ test cycles in continuing 3 plate cell tests. Best finished cells are delivering 57 to 63 Wh/kg at C/3, based on cell weights of the finished cells, and in the actual designed cell volume. 6-cell module (6-1) performance has demonstrated 239 Ah, 1735 Wh, 53 WH/kg at the C/3 drain rate. This module is now being evaluated at the National Battery Test Laboratory. The 2 x 4 battery has been constructed, tested, and delivered for engineering test and evaluation. The battery delivered 22.5 kWh, as required (199 Ah discharge at 113 V-bar) at the C/3 drain rate. The battery has performed satisfactorily under dynamometer and constant current drain tests. Some cell problems, related to construction, necessitated changing 3 modules, but the battery is now ready for further testing. Reduction in nickel plate swelling (and concurrent stack electrolyte starvation), to improve cycling, is one area of major effort to reach the final battery objectives. Pasted nickel electrodes are showing promise in initial full-size cell tests and will continue to be evaluated in finished cells, along with other technology advancements. 30 figures, 14 tables.

Not Available

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Grinding energy and physical properties of chopped and hammer-milled barley, wheat, oat, and canola straws  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the present study, specific energy for grinding and physical properties of wheat, canola, oat and barley straw grinds were investigated. The initial moisture content of the straw was about 0.13–0.15 (fraction total mass basis). Particle size reduction experiments were conducted in two stages: (1) a chopper without a screen, and (2) a hammer mill using three screen sizes (19.05, 25.4, and 31.75 mm). The lowest grinding energy (1.96 and 2.91 kWh t-1) was recorded for canola straw using a chopper and hammer mill with 19.05-mm screen size, whereas the highest (3.15 and 8.05 kWh t-1) was recorded for barley and oat straws. The physical properties (geometric mean particle diameter, bulk, tapped and particle density, and porosity) of the chopped and hammer-milled wheat, barley, canola, and oat straw grinds measured were in the range of 0.98–4.22 mm, 36–80 kg m-3, 49–119 kg m-3, 600–1220 kg m-3, and 0.9–0.96, respectively. The average mean particle diameter was highest for the chopped wheat straw (4.22-mm) and lowest for the canola grind (0.98-mm). The canola grinds produced using the hammer mill (19.05-mm screen size) had the highest bulk and tapped density of about 80 and 119 kg m-3; whereas, the wheat and oat grinds had the lowest of about 58 and 88–90 kg m-3. The results indicate that the bulk and tapped densities are inversely proportional to the particle size of the grinds. The flow properties of the grinds calculated are better for chopped straws compared to hammer milled using smaller screen size (19.05 mm).

J.S. Tumuluru [Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Biofuels and Renewable Energy Technologies Dept.; L.G. Tabil [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada). Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering; Y. Song [Shenyang Agricultural University (China). Coll. of Engineering; K.L. Iroba [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada). Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering; V. Meda [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada). Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Low Cost, High Efficiency, High Pressure Hydrogen Storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A technical and design evaluation was carried out to meet DOE hydrogen fuel targets for 2010. These targets consisted of a system gravimetric capacity of 2.0 kWh/kg, a system volumetric capacity of 1.5 kWh/L and a system cost of $4/kWh. In compressed hydrogen storage systems, the vast majority of the weight and volume is associated with the hydrogen storage tank. In order to meet gravimetric targets for compressed hydrogen tanks, 10,000 psi carbon resin composites were used to provide the high strength required as well as low weight. For the 10,000 psi tanks, carbon fiber is the largest portion of their cost. Quantum Technologies is a tier one hydrogen system supplier for automotive companies around the world. Over the course of the program Quantum focused on development of technology to allow the compressed hydrogen storage tank to meet DOE goals. At the start of the program in 2004 Quantum was supplying systems with a specific energy of 1.1-1.6 kWh/kg, a volumetric capacity of 1.3 kWh/L and a cost of $73/kWh. Based on the inequities between DOE targets and Quantum’s then current capabilities, focus was placed first on cost reduction and second on weight reduction. Both of these were to be accomplished without reduction of the fuel system’s performance or reliability. Three distinct areas were investigated; optimization of composite structures, development of “smart tanks” that could monitor health of tank thus allowing for lower design safety factor, and the development of “Cool Fuel” technology to allow higher density gas to be stored, thus allowing smaller/lower pressure tanks that would hold the required fuel supply. The second phase of the project deals with three additional distinct tasks focusing on composite structure optimization, liner optimization, and metal.

Mark Leavitt

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

496

A zinc-air battery and flywheel zero emission vehicle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In response to the 1990 Clean Air Act, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) developed a compliance plan known as the Low Emission Vehicle Program. An integral part of that program was a sales mandate to the top seven automobile manufacturers requiring the percentage of Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEVs) sold in California to be 2% in 1998, 5% in 2001 and 10% by 2003. Currently available ZEV technology will probably not meet customer demand for range and moderate cost. A potential option to meet the CARB mandate is to use two Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) technologies, namely, zinc-air refuelable batteries (ZARBs) and electromechanical batteries (EMBs, i. e., flywheels) to develop a ZEV with a 384 kilometer (240 mile) urban range. This vehicle uses a 40 kW, 70 kWh ZARB for energy storage combined with a 102 kW, 0.5 kWh EMB for power peaking. These technologies are sufficiently near-term and cost-effective to plausibly be in production by the 1999-2001 time frame for stationary and initial vehicular applications. Unlike many other ZEVs currently being developed by industry, our proposed ZEV has range, acceleration, and size consistent with larger conventional passenger vehicles available today. Our life-cycle cost projections for this technology are lower than for Pb-acid battery ZEVs. We have used our Hybrid Vehicle Evaluation Code (HVEC) to simulate the performance of the vehicle and to size the various components. The use of conservative subsystem performance parameters and the resulting vehicle performance are discussed in detail.

Tokarz, F.; Smith, J.R.; Cooper, J.; Bender, D.; Aceves, S.

1995-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

497

An overview of DOE`s wind turbine development programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of technologically advanced, higher efficiency wind turbines continues to be a high priority activity of the US wind industry. The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting and sponsoring a range of programs aimed at assisting the wind industry with system design, development, and testing. The overall goal is to develop systems that can compete with conventional electric generation for $.05/kWh at 5.8 m/s (13 mph sites) by the mid-1990s and with fossil-fuel-based generators for $.04/kWh at 5.8 m/s sites by the year 2000. These goals will be achieved through several programs. The Value Engineered Turbine Program will promote the rapid development of US capability to manufacture wind turbines with known and well documented records of performance, cost, and reliability, to take advantage of near-term market opportunities. The Advanced Wind Turbine Program will assist US industry to develop and integrate innovative technologies into utility-grade wind turbines for the near-term (mid 1990s) and to develop a new generation of turbines for the year 2000. The collaborative Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)/DOE Utility Wind Turbine Performance Verification Program will deploy and evaluate commercial-prototype wind turbines in typical utility operating environments, to provide a bridge between development programs currently underway and commercial purchases of utility-grade wind turbines. A number of collaborative efforts also will help develop a range of small systems optimized to work in a diesel hybrid environment to provide electricity for smaller non-grid-connected applications.

Laxson, A; Dodge, D; Flowers, L [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Loose, R; Goldman, P [Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Reference Model 5 (RM5): Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is an addendum to SAND2013-9040: Methodology for Design and Economic Analysis of Marine Energy Conversion (MEC) Technologies. This report describes an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter (OSWEC) reference model design in a complementary manner to Reference Models 1-4 contained in the above report. A conceptual design for a taut moored oscillating surge wave energy converter was developed. The design had an annual electrical power of 108 kilowatts (kW), rated power of 360 kW, and intended deployment at water depths between 50 m and 100 m. The study includes structural analysis, power output estimation, a hydraulic power conversion chain system, and mooring designs. The results were used to estimate device capital cost and annual operation and maintenance costs. The device performance and costs were used for the economic analysis, following the methodology presented in SAND2013-9040 that included costs for designing, manufacturing, deploying, and operating commercial-scale MEC arrays up to 100 devices. The levelized cost of energy estimated for the Reference Model 5 OSWEC, presented in this report, was for a single device and arrays of 10, 50, and 100 units, and it enabled the economic analysis to account for cost reductions associated with economies of scale. The baseline commercial levelized cost of energy estimate for the Reference Model 5 device in an array comprised of 10 units is $1.44/kilowatt-hour (kWh), and the value drops to approximately $0.69/kWh for an array of 100 units.

Yu, Y. H.; Jenne, D. S.; Thresher, R.; Copping, A.; Geerlofs, S.; Hanna, L. A.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Electricity savings potentials in the residential sector of Bahrain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electricity is the major fuel (over 99%) used in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors in Bahrain. In 1992, the total annual electricity consumption in Bahrain was 3.45 terawatt-hours (TWh), of which 1.95 TWh (56%) was used in the residential sector, 0.89 TWh (26%) in the commercial sector, and 0.59 TWh (17%) in the industrial sector. Agricultural energy consumption was 0.02 TWh (less than 1%) of the total energy use. In Bahrain, most residences are air conditioned with window units. The air-conditioning electricity use is at least 50% of total annual residential use. The contribution of residential AC to the peak power consumption is even more significant, approaching 80% of residential peak power demand. Air-conditioning electricity use in the commercial sector is also significant, about 45% of the annual use and over 60% of peak power demand. This paper presents a cost/benefit analysis of energy-efficient technologies in the residential sector. Technologies studied include: energy-efficient air conditioners, insulating houses, improved infiltration, increasing thermostat settings, efficient refrigerators and freezers, efficient water heaters, efficient clothes washers, and compact fluorescent lights. We conservatively estimate a 32% savings in residential electricity use at an average cost of about 4 fils per kWh. (The subsidized cost of residential electricity is about 12 fils per kWh. 1000 fils = 1 Bahrain Dinar = US$ 2.67). We also discuss major policy options needed for implementation of energy-efficiency technologies.

Akbari, H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Morsy, M.G.; Al-Baharna, N.S. [Univ. of Bahrain, Manama (Bahrain)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

The price of electricity from private power producers: Stage 2, Expansion of sample and preliminary statistical analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The market for long-term bulk power is becoming increasingly competitive and mature. Given that many privately developed power projects have been or are being developed in the US, it is possible to begin to evaluate the performance of the market by analyzing its revealed prices. Using a consistent method, this paper presents levelized contract prices for a sample of privately developed US generation properties. The sample includes 26 projects with a total capacity of 6,354 MW. Contracts are described in terms of their choice of technology, choice of fuel, treatment of fuel price risk, geographic location, dispatchability, expected dispatch niche, and size. The contract price analysis shows that gas technologies clearly stand out as the most attractive. At an 80% capacity factor, coal projects have an average 20-year levelized price of $0.092/kWh, whereas natural gas combined cycle and/or cogeneration projects have an average price of $0.069/kWh. Within each technology type subsample, however, there is considerable variation. Prices for natural gas combustion turbines and one wind project are also presented. A preliminary statistical analysis is conducted to understand the relationship between price and four categories of explanatory factors including product heterogeneity, geographic heterogeneity, economic and technological change, and other buyer attributes (including avoided costs). Because of residual price variation, we are unable to accept the hypothesis that electricity is a homogeneous product. Instead, the analysis indicates that buyer value still plays an important role in the determination of price for competitively-acquired electricity.

Comnes, G.A.; Belden, T.N.; Kahn, E.P.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z