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1

10 kW SOFC POWER SYSTEM COMMERCIALIZATION  

SciTech Connect

The program is organized into three developmental periods. In Phase 1 the team will develop and demonstrate a proof-of-concept prototype design and develop a manufacturing plan to substantiate potential producibility at a target cost level of $800/kW factory manufacturing cost. Phase 2 will further develop the design and reduce the manufacturing cost to a level of $600 kW. Depending on an assessment of the maturity of the technology at the end of Phase 1, Phase 2 may be structured and supplemented to provide a limited production capability. Finally, in Phase 3, a full Value Package Introduction (VPI) Program will be integrated into the SECA program to develop a mass-producible design at a factory cost of $400/kW with full cross-functional support for unrestricted commercial sales. The path to market for new technology products in the Cummins system involves two processes. The first is called Product Preceding Technology, or PPT. The PPT process provides a methodology for exploring potentially attractive technologies and developing them to the point that they can be reliably scheduled into a new product development program with a manageable risk to the product introduction schedule or product quality. Once a technology has passed the PPT gate, it is available to be incorporated into a Value Package Introduction (VPI) Program. VPI is the process that coordinates the cross-functional development of a fully supported product. The VPI Program is designed to synchronize efforts in engineering, supply, manufacturing, marketing, finance, and product support areas in such a way that the product, when introduced to the market, represents the maximum value to the customer.

Dan Norrick; Brad Palmer; Todd Romine; Charles Vesely; Eric Barringer; Cris DeBellis; Rich Goettler; Kurt Kneidel; Milind Kantak; Steve Kung; Greg Rush

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

10 kW SOFC Power System Commercialization  

SciTech Connect

Cummins Power Generation (CPG) as the prime contractor and SOFCo-EFS Holdings LLC (SOFCo), as their subcontractor, teamed under the Solid-state Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) program to develop 3-10kW solid oxide fuel cell systems for use in recreational vehicles, commercial work trucks and stand-by telecommunications applications. The program goal is demonstration of power systems that meet commercial performance requirements and can be produced in volume at a cost of $400/kW. This report summarizes the team's activities during the seventh six-month period (July-December 2005) of the four-year Phase I effort. While there has been significant progress in the development of the SOFC subsystems that can support meeting the program Phase 1 goals, the SOFCo ceramic stack technology has progressed significantly slower than plan and CPG consider it unlikely that the systemic problems encountered will be overcome in the near term. SOFCo has struggled with a series of problems associated with inconsistent manufacturing, inadequate cell performance, and the achievement of consistent, durable, low resistance inter-cell connections with reduced or no precious materials. A myriad of factors have contributed to these problems, but the fact remains that progress has not kept pace with the SECA program. A contributing factor in SOFCo's technical difficulties is attributed to their significantly below plan industry cost share spending over the last four years. This has resulted in a much smaller SOFC stack development program, has contributed to SOFCo not being able to aggressively resolve core issues, and clouds their ability to continue into a commercialization phase. In view of this situation, CPG has conducted an independent assessment of the state-of-the-art in planar SOFC's stacks and have concluded that alternative technology exists offering the specific performance, durability, and low cost needed to meet the SECA objectives. We have further concluded that there is insufficient evidence to reliably predict that SOFCo will be able to achieve the SECA performance and cost goals on a schedule consistent with SECA or CPG commercialization goals. CPG believes SOFCo have made a good faith effort consistent with the available resources, but have repeatedly fallen short of achieving the programs scheduled targets. CPG has therefore initiated a process of application for extension of Phase 1 of our SECA program with the intent of transitioning to an alternative stack supplier with more mature SOFC technology, and demonstrating a system meeting the SECA Phase 1 goals by the end of calendar 2006. We have identified an alternative supplier and will be reporting the progress on transition and program planning in monthly technical reports, reviews, and in the next semiannual report.

Dan Norrick; Brad Palmer; Charles Vesely; Eric Barringer; John Budge; Cris DeBellis; Rich Goettler; Milind Kantak; Steve Kung; Zhien Liu; Tom Morris; Keith Rackers; Gary Roman; Greg Rush; Liang Xue

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

10kW SOFC POWER SYSTEM COMMERCIALIZATION  

SciTech Connect

Participants in the SECA 10 kW SOFC Power System Commercialization project include Cummins Power Generation (CPG), the power generation arm of Cummins, Inc., SOFCo-EFS Holdings, LLC (formerly McDermott Technology, Inc.), the fuel cell and fuel processing research and development arm of McDermott International Inc., M/A-COM, the Multi-Layer Ceramics (MLC) processing and manufacturing arm of Tyco Electronics, and Ceramatec, a materials technology development company. CPG functions in the role of prime contractor and system integrator. SOFCo-EFS is responsible for the design and development of the hot box assembly, including the SOFC stack(s), heat exchanger(s), manifolding, and fuel reformer. M/A-COM and SOFCo-EFS are jointly responsible for development of the MLC manufacturing processes, and Ceramatec provides technical support in materials development. In October 2002, McDermott announced its intention to cease operations at McDermott Technology, Inc. (MTI) as of December 31, 2002. This decision was precipitated by several factors, including the announced tentative settlement of the B&W Bankruptcy which would result in all of the equity of B&W being conveyed to a trust, thereby eliminating McDermott's interest in the company, and the desire to create a separate fuel cell entity to facilitate its commercial development. The new fuel cell entity is named SOFCo-EFS Holdings, LLC. All of McDermott's solid oxide fuel cell and fuel processing work will be conducted by SOFCo-EFS, using personnel previously engaged in that work. SOFCo-EFS will continue to be located in the Alliance, OH facility and use the existing infrastructure and test facilities for its activities. While the effort needed to accomplish this reorganization has detracted somewhat from SOFCo's efficiency during the fourth quarter, we believe the improved focus on the core fuel cell and fuel reformation resulting from the reorganization will have a positive impact on the SECA project in the long run. The program is organized into three developmental periods. In Phase 1 the team will develop and demonstrate a proof-of-concept prototype design and develop the manufacturing plan to substantiate potential producibility at a target cost level of $800/kW factory manufacturing cost. Phase 2 will further develop the design and reduce the projected manufacturing cost to $600 kW. Depending on an assessment of the maturity of the technology at the end of Phase 1, Phase 2 may be structured and supplemented to develop a limited production capability. Finally, in Phase 3, a full Value Package Introduction (VPI) Program will be integrated with the SECA program to develop a mass-producible design, with a factory manufacturing cost of $400/kW, and with full cross-functional support for unrestricted commercial sales.

Dan Norrick; Charles Vesely; Todd Romine; Brad Palmer; Greg Rush; Eric Barringer; Milind Kantak; Cris DeBellis

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Financing Energy Efficiency Retrofits in the Commercial Sector Webinar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Financing Energy Efficiency Retrofits in the Commercial Sector Webinar, from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings program.

5

Types of Nuclear Industry Jobs Commercial and Government Sectors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jobs Commercial and Government Sectors Professional Category Technician Category Engineer Category Craft Category Chemist Chemistry Technician Chemical Engineer Boilermaker...

6

Commercialization of a 2.5kW Utility Interactive Inverter for Distributed Generation  

SciTech Connect

Through this project, Advanced Energy Conversion (AEC) has developed, tested, refined and is preparing to commercialize a 2.5kW utility-interactive inverter system for distributed generation. The inverter technology embodies zero-voltage switching technology that will ultimately yield a system that is smaller, less expensive and more efficient than existing commercial technologies. This program has focused on commercial success through careful synthesis of technology, market-focus and business development. AEC was the primary participant. AEC is utilizing contract manufacturers in the early stages of production, allowing its technical staff to focus on quality control issues and product enhancements. The objective of this project was to bring the AEC inverter technology from its current pre-production state to a commercial product. Federal funds have been used to build and test production-intent inverters, support the implementation of the commercialization plan and bring the product to the point of UL certification.

Torrey, David A.

2006-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

7

BetterBuildings Financing Energy Efficiency Retrofits in the Commercial Sector - Part 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Commercial Energy Efficiency Finance Programs Small Commercial Energy Efficiency Finance Programs Sponsored by State Governments SURVEY OF SURVEY OF SMALL COMMERCIAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY FINANCE PROGRAMS SPONSORED BY PROGRAMS SPONSORED BY STATE GOVERNMENTS May 3, 2011 Background of Small Commercial Finance Program Survey  Includes 20 States ( (mostly y identified from database of state incentives for renewable energy, DSIRE)  Sponsoring programs for:  small commercial (generally defined as 30,000 square feet or less and/or 150 kW or less) or   both small and large commercial sectors both small and large commercial sectors  Discussions with program managers   Creation of a table of program elements Creation of a table of program elements

8

Commercial Buildings Sector Agent-Based Model | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Commercial Buildings Sector Agent-Based Model Commercial Buildings Sector Agent-Based Model Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Commercial Buildings Sector Agent-Based Model Agency/Company /Organization: Argonne National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings - Commercial Phase: Evaluate Options Topics: Implementation Resource Type: Technical report User Interface: Website Website: web.anl.gov/renewables/research/building_agent_based_model.html OpenEI Keyword(s): EERE tool, Commercial Buildings Sector Agent-Based Model Language: English References: Building Efficiency: Development of an Agent-based Model of the US Commercial Buildings Sector[1] Model the market-participants, dynamics, and constraints-help decide whether to adopt energy-efficient technologies to meet commercial building

9

EA-0513: Approaches for Acquiring Energy Savings in Commercial Sector  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

13: Approaches for Acquiring Energy Savings in Commercial 13: Approaches for Acquiring Energy Savings in Commercial Sector Buildings, Bonneville Power Administration EA-0513: Approaches for Acquiring Energy Savings in Commercial Sector Buildings, Bonneville Power Administration SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal for DOE's Bonneville Power Administration to use several diverse approaches to purchase or acquire energy savings from commercial sector buildings region wide. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD September 25, 1991 EA-0513: Final Environmental Assessment Approaches for Acquiring Energy Savings in Commercial Sector Buildings, Bonneville Power Administration September 25, 1991 EA-0513: Finding of No Significant Impact Approaches for Acquiring Energy Savings in Commercial Sector Buildings,

10

EIA Energy Efficiency-Commercial Buildings Sector Energy Intensities,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Commercial Buildings Sector Energy Intensities Commercial Buildings Sector Energy Intensities Commercial Buildings Sector Energy Intensities: 1992- 2003 Released Date: December 2004 Page Last Revised: August 2009 These tables provide estimates of commercial sector energy consumption and energy intensities for 1992, 1995, 1999 and 2003 based on the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS). They also provide estimates of energy consumption and intensities adjusted for the effect of weather on heating, cooling, and ventilation energy use. Total Site Energy Consumption (U.S. and Census Region) Html Excel PDF bullet By Principal Building Activity (Table 1a) html Table 1a excel table 1a. pdf table 1a. Weather-Adjusted by Principal Building Activity (Table 1b) html table 1b excel table 1b pdf table 1b.

11

Methodology for Modeling Building Energy Performance across the Commercial Sector  

SciTech Connect

This report uses EnergyPlus simulations of each building in the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) to document and demonstrate bottom-up methods of modeling the entire U.S. commercial buildings sector (EIA 2006). The ability to use a whole-building simulation tool to model the entire sector is of interest because the energy models enable us to answer subsequent 'what-if' questions that involve technologies and practices related to energy. This report documents how the whole-building models were generated from the building characteristics in 2003 CBECS and compares the simulation results to the survey data for energy use.

Griffith, B.; Long, N.; Torcellini, P.; Judkoff, R.; Crawley, D.; Ryan, J.

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

sector Renewable Energy Non renewable Energy Biomass Buildings Commercial  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

user interface valueType text user interface valueType text sector valueType text abstract valueType text website valueType text openei tool keyword valueType text openei tool uri valueType text items label Calculator user interface Spreadsheet Website sector Renewable Energy Non renewable Energy Biomass Buildings Commercial Buildings Residential Economic Development Gateway Geothermal Greenhouse Gas Multi model Integration Multi sector Impact Evaluation Gateway Solar Wind energy website https www gov uk pathways analysis openei tool keyword calculator greenhouse gas emissions GHG low carbon energy planning energy data emissions data openei tool uri http calculator tool decc gov uk pathways primary energy chart uri http en openei org w index php title Calculator type Tools label AGI

13

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

7 7 Commercial Building Median Lifetimes (Years) Building Type Median (1) 66% Survival (2) 33% Survival (2) Assembly 55 40 75 Education 62 45 86 Food Sales 55 41 74 Food Service 50 35 71 Health Care 55 42 73 Large Office 65 46 92 Mercantile & Service 50 36 69 Small Office 58 41 82 Warehouse 58 41 82 Lodging 53 38 74 Other 60 44 81 Note(s): Source(s): 1) PNNL estimates the median lifetime of commercial buildings is 70-75 years. 2) Number of years after which the building survives. For example, a third of the large office buildings constructed today will survive 92 years later. EIA, Assumptions for the Annual Energy Outlook 2011, July 2011, Table 5.2, p. 40; EIA, Model Documentation Report: Commercial Sector 'Demand Module of the National Energy Modeling System, May 2010, p. 30-35; and PNNL, Memorandum: New Construction in the Annual Energy Outlook 2003, Apr. 24,

14

Solid-State Lighting: LED Site Lighting in the Commercial Building Sector:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Lighting in the Site Lighting in the Commercial Building Sector: Opportunities, Challenges, and the CBEA Performance Specification to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: LED Site Lighting in the Commercial Building Sector: Opportunities, Challenges, and the CBEA Performance Specification on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: LED Site Lighting in the Commercial Building Sector: Opportunities, Challenges, and the CBEA Performance Specification on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: LED Site Lighting in the Commercial Building Sector: Opportunities, Challenges, and the CBEA Performance Specification on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: LED Site Lighting in the Commercial Building Sector: Opportunities, Challenges, and the CBEA Performance Specification on Delicious

15

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures March 2012 3.3.3 Commercial Buildings Aggregate Energy Expenditures, by Year and Major Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Electricity Natural Gas Petroleum (2) Total 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 148.6 37.0 17.0 202.6 148.9 37.2 17.1 203.2 145.9 36.2 16.7 198.9 147.5 36.8 16.9 201.2 143.8 35.1 16.4 195.2 145.0 35.5 16.6 197.0 141.1 34.0 16.0 191.1 142.5 34.6 16.2 193.3 136.9 32.1 15.7 184.8 139.1 33.0 15.9 188.0 133.5 31.0 15.4 179.9 135.0 31.6 15.6 182.2 131.0 29.7 15.1 175.8 131.9 30.3 15.3 177.5 128.1 28.7 14.5 171.3 130.0 29.3 15.0 174.4 129.4 29.7 15.4 174.5 127.7 29.2 13.8 170.7 134.8 29.9 14.5 179.2 134.5 28.5 16.9 180.0 141.1

16

Major models and data sources for residential and commercial sector energy conservation analysis. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Major models and data sources are reviewed that can be used for energy-conservation analysis in the residential and commercial sectors to provide an introduction to the information that can or is available to DOE in order to further its efforts in analyzing and quantifying their policy and program requirements. Models and data sources examined in the residential sector are: ORNL Residential Energy Model; BECOM; NEPOOL; MATH/CHRDS; NIECS; Energy Consumption Data Base: Household Sector; Patterns of Energy Use by Electrical Appliances Data Base; Annual Housing Survey; 1970 Census of Housing; AIA Research Corporation Data Base; RECS; Solar Market Development Model; and ORNL Buildings Energy Use Data Book. Models and data sources examined in the commercial sector are: ORNL Commercial Sector Model of Energy Demand; BECOM; NEPOOL; Energy Consumption Data Base: Commercial Sector; F.W. Dodge Data Base; NFIB Energy Report for Small Businesses; ADL Commercial Sector Energy Use Data Base; AIA Research Corporation Data Base; Nonresidential Buildings Surveys of Energy Consumption; General Electric Co: Commercial Sector Data Base; The BOMA Commercial Sector Data Base; The Tishman-Syska and Hennessy Data Base; The NEMA Commercial Sector Data Base; ORNL Buildings Energy Use Data Book; and Solar Market Development Model. Purpose; basis for model structure; policy variables and parameters; level of regional, sectoral, and fuels detail; outputs; input requirements; sources of data; computer accessibility and requirements; and a bibliography are provided for each model and data source.

Not Available

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Regulatory Amendment for a Pacific Halibut Catch Sharing Plan for the Charter Sector and Commercial Setline Sector in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) identified a need to develop a catch sharing plan (CSP) for the charter and commercial sectors to address considered five alternatives and adopted a Preferred Alternative from among proposed CSP elements charter halibut harvest. The Council intends that the CSP would be implemented by National Marine

18

Regulatory Amendment for a Pacific Halibut Catch Sharing Plan for the Charter Sector and Commercial Setline Sector in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a need to develop a catch sharing plan (CSP) for the charter and commercial sectors to address considered five alternatives and adopted a Preferred Alternative from among proposed CSP elements charter halibut harvest. The Council intends that the CSP would be implemented by National Marine

19

Adaptation of a commercially available 200 kW natural gas fuel cell power plant for operation on a hydrogen rich gas stream  

SciTech Connect

International Fuel Cells (IFC) has designed a hydrogen fueled fuel cell power plant based on a modification of its standard natural gas fueled PC25{trademark} C fuel cell power plant. The natural gas fueled PC25 C is a 200 kW, fuel cell power plant that is commercially available. The program to accomplish the fuel change involved deleting the natural gas processing elements, designing a new fuel pretreatment subsystem, modifying the water and thermal management subsystem, developing a hydrogen burner to combust unconsumed hydrogen, and modifying the control system. Additionally, the required modifications to the manufacturing and assembly procedures necessary to allow the hydrogen fueled power plant to be manufactured in conjunction with the on-going production of the standard PC25 C power plants were identified. This work establishes the design and manufacturing plan for the 200 kW hydrogen fueled PC25 power plant.

Maston, V.A.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 Principal Commercial Building Types, as of 2003 (Percent of Total Floorspace) (1) Office 17% 17% 19% Mercantile 16% 14% 18% Retail 6% 9% 5% Enclosed & Strip Malls 10% 4% 13% Education 14% 8% 11% Warehouse and Storage 14% 12% 7% Lodging 7% 3% 7% Service 6% 13% 4% Public Assembly 5% 6% 5% Religious Worship 5% 8% 2% Health Care 4% 3% 8% Inpatient 3% 0% 6% Outpatient 2% 2% 2% Food Sales 2% 5% 5% Food Service 2% 6% 6% Public Order and Safety 2% 1% 2% Other 2% 2% 4% Vacant 4% 4% 1% Total 100% 100% 100% Note(s): Source(s): Total Floorspace Total Buildings Primary Energy Consumption 1) For primary energy intensities by building type, see Table 3.1.13. Total CBECS 2003 commercial building floorspace is 71.7 billion SF. EIA, 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey: Consumption and Expenditures Tables, Oct. 2006, Table C1A

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

1 1 Total Commercial Floorspace and Number of Buildings, by Year 1980 50.9 (1) N.A. 3.1 (3) 1990 64.3 N.A. 4.5 (3) 2000 (4) 68.5 N.A. 4.7 (5) 2008 78.8 15% N.A. 2010 81.1 26% N.A. 2015 84.1 34% N.A. 2020 89.2 43% N.A. 2025 93.9 52% N.A. 2030 98.2 60% N.A. 2035 103.0 68% N.A. Note(s): Source(s): EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 1994, Jan. 1994, Table A5, p. 62 for 1990 floorspace; EIA, AEO 2003, Jan. 2003, Table A5, p. 127-128 for 2000 floorspace; EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release, Jan. 2012, Summary Reference Case Tables, Table A5, p. 11-12 for 2008-2035 floorspace; EIA Commercial Building Characteristics 1989, June 1991, Table A4, p. 17 for 1990 number of buildings; EIA, Commercial Building Characteristics 1999, Aug. 2002, Table 3 for 1999 number of buildings and floorspace; and EIA, Buildings and Energy in the 1980s, June 1995, Table 2.1, p. 23 for number of buildings in 1980.

22

Model documentation report: Commercial Sector Demand Module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Commercial Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated through the synthesis and scenario development based on these components. The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module is a simulation tool based upon economic and engineering relationships that models commercial sector energy demands at the nine Census Division level of detail for eleven distinct categories of commercial buildings. Commercial equipment selections are performed for the major fuels of electricity, natural gas, and distillate fuel, for the major services of space heating, space cooling, water heating, ventilation, cooking, refrigeration, and lighting. The algorithm also models demand for the minor fuels of residual oil, liquefied petroleum gas, steam coal, motor gasoline, and kerosene, the renewable fuel sources of wood and municipal solid waste, and the minor services of office equipment. Section 2 of this report discusses the purpose of the model, detailing its objectives, primary input and output quantities, and the relationship of the Commercial Module to the other modules of the NEMS system. Section 3 of the report describes the rationale behind the model design, providing insights into further assumptions utilized in the model development process to this point. Section 3 also reviews alternative commercial sector modeling methodologies drawn from existing literature, providing a comparison to the chosen approach. Section 4 details the model structure, using graphics and text to illustrate model flows and key computations.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

9 9 2003 Energy Expenditures per Square Foot of Commercial Floorspace and per Building, by Building Type ($2010) ($2010) Food Service 4.88 27.2 Mercantile 2.23 38.1 Food Sales 4.68 26.0 Education 1.43 36.6 Health Care 2.76 68.0 Service 1.39 9.1 Public Order and Safety 2.07 32.0 Warehouse and Storage 0.80 13.5 Office 2.01 29.8 Religious Worship 0.76 7.8 Public Assembly 1.73 24.6 Vacant 0.34 4.8 Lodging 1.72 61.5 Other 2.99 65.5 Note(s): Source(s): Mall buildings are no longer included in most CBECs tables; therefore, some data is not directly comparable to past CBECs. EIA, 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures: Consumption and Expenditures Tables, Oct. 2006, Table 4; and EIA, Annual Energy Review 2010, Oct. 2011, Appendix D, p. 353 for price deflators. Per Square Foot Per Building

24

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.2 Commercial Sector Characteristics  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

8 8 2003 Average Commercial Building Floorspace, by Principal Building Type and Vintage Building Type 1959 or Prior 1960 to 1989 1990 to 2003 All Education 27.5 26.9 21.7 25.6 Food Sales N.A. N.A. N.A. 5.6 Food Service 6.4 4.4 5.0 5.6 Health Care 18.5 37.1 N.A. 24.5 Inpatient N.A. 243.6 N.A. 238.1 Outpatient N.A. 11.3 11.6 10.4 Lodging 9.9 36.1 36.0 35.9 Retail (Other Than Mall) 6.2 9.3 17.5 9.7 Office 12.4 16.4 14.2 14.8 Public Assembly 13.0 13.8 17.3 14.2 Public Order and Safety N.A. N.A. N.A. 15.4 Religious Worship 8.7 9.6 15.6 10.1 Service 6.1 6.5 6.8 6.5 Warehouse and Storage 19.7 17.2 15.4 16.9 Other N.A. N.A. N.A. 22.0 Vacant N.A. N.A. N.A. 14.1 Source(s): Average Floorspace/Building (thousand SF) EIA, 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey: Building Characteristics Tables, June 2006, Table B8, p. 63-69, and Table B9, p. 70-76

25

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

1 1 Energy Service Company (ESCO) Industry Activity ($Million Nominal) (1) Low High 1990 143 342 Market Segment Share 1991 218 425 MUSH (2) 69% 1992 331 544 Federal 15% 1993 505 703 Commercial & Industrial 7% 1994 722 890 Residential 6% 1995 1,105 1,159 Public Housing 3% 1996 1,294 1,396 1997 1,394 1,506 1998 1,551 1,667 2008 Revenues by Project/Technology Type 1999 1,764 1,925 2000 1,876 2,186 Market Segment Share 2001 - - Energy Efficiency 75% 2002 - - Onsite Renewables 14% 2003 - - Engine/Turbine Generators 6% 2004 2,447 2,507 Consulting/Master Planning 3% 2005 2,949 3,004 Other 2% 2006 3,579 3,627 2007 - - 2008 4,087 4,171 Note(s): Source(s): Estimated Revenue ($Million Nominal) (1) 2008 Revenue Sources 1) Estimates based on surveys of major ESCOs and input from industry experts. 2) Includes municipal and state governments, universities

26

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

5 5 2015 Commercial Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. Resid. LPG Oth(2) Total Coal (3) Electricity Total Percent Lighting 28.4 28.4 16.3% Space Heating 14.6 2.9 1.3 0.1 4.3 0.1 4.7 23.7 13.6% Ventilation 15.1 15.1 8.6% Space Cooling 0.3 14.2 14.5 8.3% Refrigeration 9.9 9.9 5.7% Electronics 8.8 8.8 5.1% Water Heating 4.1 0.7 0.7 2.5 7.3 4.2% Computers 5.3 5.3 3.0% Cooking 1.7 0.6 2.3 1.3% Other (4) 2.9 0.3 3.7 1.4 5.4 22.8 31.1 17.8% Adjust to SEDS (5) 5.8 4.5 4.5 17.7 28.1 16.1% Total 29.3 8.4 1.3 3.7 1.5 14.9 0.1 130.0 174.5 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes kerosene space heating ($0.1 billion) and motor gasoline other uses ($1.4 billion). 3) Coal average price is from AEO 2012 Early Release, all users price. 4) Includes service station equipment, ATMs, medical equipment,

27

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

8 8 Average Annual Energy Expenditures per Square Foot of Commercial Floorspace, by Year ($2010) Year $/SF 1980 (1) 2.12 1981 2.22 (2) 1982 2.24 1983 2.21 1984 2.25 1985 2.20 1986 2.06 1987 2.00 1988 1.99 1989 2.01 1990 1.98 1991 1.92 1992 1.86 1993 1.96 1994 2.05 1995 2.12 1996 2.10 1997 2.08 1998 1.97 1999 1.88 2000 2.06 2001 2.20 2002 2.04 2003 2.13 2004 2.16 2005 2.30 2006 2.36 2007 2.35 2008 1.71 2009 2.43 2010 2.44 2011 2.44 2012 2.35 2013 2.28 2014 2.27 2015 2.29 2016 2.29 2017 2.28 2018 2.29 2019 2.29 2020 2.29 2021 2.31 2022 2.32 2023 2.32 2024 2.32 2025 2.32 2026 2.32 2027 2.33 2028 2.32 2029 2.31 2030 2.31 2031 2.32 2032 2.35 2033 2.37 2034 2.39 2035 2.42 Note(s): Source(s): EIA, State Energy Data Prices and Expenditures Database, June 2011 for 1980-2009; EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release, Jan. 2012, Summary Reference Case Tables, Table A2, p. 3-5 and Table A5, p. 11-12 for consumption, Table A3, p. 6-8 for prices for 2008-2035; EIA, Annual Energy Review

28

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 4 2010 Commercial Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. Resid. LPG Oth(2) Total Coal (3) Electricity Total Percent Lighting 35.4 35.4 19.7% Space Heating 15.0 2.9 0.9 0.1 3.9 0.1 8.5 27.5 15.3% Space Cooling 0.4 25.0 25.3 14.1% Ventilation 15.9 15.9 8.9% Refrigeration 11.6 11.6 6.5% Water Heating 4.0 0.6 0.6 2.7 7.3 4.1% Electronics 7.8 7.8 4.3% Computers 6.3 6.3 3.5% Cooking 1.6 0.7 2.3 1.3% Other (4) 2.7 0.3 3.3 1.2 4.8 20.4 28.0 15.6% Adjust to SEDS (5) 6.2 5.2 5.2 0.6 12.0 6.7% Total 29.9 9.0 0.9 3.3 1.3 14.5 0.1 134.8 179.4 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes kerosene space heating ($0.1 billion) and motor gasoline other uses ($1.2 billion). 3) Coal average price is from AEO 2012 Early Release, all users price. 4) Includes service station equipment, ATMs, medical equipment,

29

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

6 6 2025 Commercial Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. Resid. LPG Oth(2) Total Coal (3) Electricity Total Percent Lighting 30.1 30.1 15.2% Space Heating 17.1 2.8 1.5 0.1 4.4 0.2 4.5 26.1 13.3% Electronics 11.2 11.2 5.7% Space Cooling 0.3 14.3 14.6 7.4% Water Heating 5.2 0.8 0.8 2.5 8.5 4.3% Computers 5.5 5.5 2.8% Refrigeration 9.4 9.4 4.8% Ventilation 16.6 16.6 8.4% Cooking 2.1 0.6 2.7 1.4% Other (4) 4.8 0.3 4.3 1.7 6.3 31.2 42.3 21.5% Adjust to SEDS (5) 5.9 4.9 4.9 19.2 30.0 15.2% Total 35.5 8.9 1.5 4.3 1.9 16.5 0.2 145.0 197.1 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes kerosene space heating ($0.1 billion) and motor gasoline other uses ($1.7 billion). 3) Coal average price is from AEO 2011 Early Release, all users price. 4) Includes service station equipment, ATMs, medical equipment,

30

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

7 7 2035 Commercial Energy End-Use Expenditure Splits, by Fuel Type ($2010 Billion) (1) Natural Petroleum Gas Distil. Resid. LPG Oth(2) Total Coal (3) Electricity Total Percent Lighting 32.3 32.3 14.4% Space Heating 19.0 2.7 1.6 0.2 4.5 0.2 4.6 28.2 12.5% Water Heating 6.3 1.0 1.0 18.1 25.4 11.3% Space Cooling 0.4 15.1 15.5 6.9% Electronics 13.0 13.0 5.8% Refrigeration 10.0 10.0 4.4% Computers 6.0 6.0 2.7% Cooking 2.6 0.6 3.2 1.4% Ventilation 2.4 2.4 1.1% Other (4) 9.3 0.4 4.9 2.0 7.2 40.9 57.5 25.5% Adjust to SEDS (5) 4.6 5.3 5.3 21.7 31.6 14.0% Total 42.2 9.4 1.6 4.9 2.2 18.0 0.2 164.8 225.1 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Expenditures include coal and exclude wood. 2) Includes kerosene space heating ($0.2 billion) and motor gasoline other uses ($2.0 billion). 3) Coal average price is from AEO 2012 Early Release, all users price. 4) Includes service station equipment, ATMs, medical equipment,

31

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 Commercial Energy Prices, by Year and Fuel Type ($2010) Electricity Natural Gas Distillate Oil Residual Oil ($/gal) ($/gal) 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 9.39 104.50 2.79 3.78 9.35 104.74 2.81 3.81 9.47 101.25 2.73 3.69 9.40 103.22 2.76 3.75 9.54 99.28 2.67 3.60 9.51 100.49 2.70 3.64 9.52 94.53 2.66 3.52 9.55 97.45 2.64 3.55 9.46 90.92 2.61 3.46 9.48 92.13 2.63 3.49 9.49 87.65 2.54 3.41 9.47 89.48 2.58 3.42 9.58 85.91 2.41 3.28 9.54 86.36 2.49 3.34 9.57 87.02 2.07 2.97 9.52 84.58 2.26 3.14 10.09 86.14 2.34 3.55 9.76 87.22 2.37 3.57 10.27 97.87 1.49 2.03 10.14 90.95 1.66 2.86 10.04 114.33 1.51 2.47 10.56 121.16 2.01 3.34 9.59 121.45 1.24 2.07 10.13 124.31 1.39 2.32 9.44 94.94 0.93 1.23

32

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.3 Commercial Sector Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

Commercial Energy Prices, by Year and Major Fuel Type ($2010 per Million Btu) Electricity Natural Gas Petroleum (1) Average 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 (2) 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 27.39 10.47 27.48 21.15 27.10 10.45 27.73 21.01 27.56 10.32 27.04 21.10 27.52 10.45 27.28 21.18 27.86 10.05 26.41 21.06 27.74 10.12 26.73 21.07 28.00 9.75 25.85 20.90 27.96 9.93 26.16 21.01 27.78 9.21 25.46 20.46 27.90 9.45 25.69 20.67 27.76 8.95 24.95 20.23 27.72 9.09 25.24 20.32 27.96 8.64 24.34 20.11 27.81 8.77 24.80 20.14 27.91 8.46 23.15 19.90 28.07 8.59 24.07 20.11 28.61 8.72 23.94 20.36 28.05 8.70 22.00 19.99 29.73 9.10 20.28 20.99 29.57 8.61 24.24 21.03 30.95 12.12 23.75 23.21 30.09 9.79 15.83 21.13 29.70

33

Text-Alternative Version: LED Site Lighting in the Commercial Building Sector: Opportunities, Challenges, and the CBEA Performance Specification  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Below is the text-alternative version of the LED Site Lighting in the Commercial Building Sector: Opportunities, Challenges, and the CBEA Performance Specification webcast.

34

Comparative analysis of energy data bases for the industrial and commercial sectors  

SciTech Connect

Energy data bases for the industrial and commercial sectors were analyzed to determine how valuable this data might be for policy analysis. The approach is the same for both end-use sectors: first a descrption or overview of relevant data bases identifies the available data; the coverage and methods used to generate the data are then explained; the data are then characterized and examples are provided for the major data sets under consideration. A final step assesses the data bases under consideration and draws conclusions. There are a variety of data bases considered for each of the end-use sectors included in this report. Data bases for the industrial sector include the National Energy Accounts, process-derived data bases such as the Drexel data base and data obtained from industry trade associations. For the commercial sector, three types of data bases are analyzed: the Nonresidential Building Energy Consumption Surveys, Dodge Construction Data and the Building Owners and Manager's Association Experience Exchange Report.

Roop, J.M.; Belzer, D.B.; Bohn, A.A.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Charting a Path to Net Zero Energy: Public-Private Sector Perspectives of the Commercial Buildings Consortium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transforming the commercial buildings market to become "net-zero-energy-capable" will require dramatically lower levels of energy use sector wide. A comprehensive and concerted industry effort, partnering with utilities and government, must...

Harris, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

ENERGY STAR Snapshot: Measuring Progress in the Commercial and Industrial Sectors, Spring 2008.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measuring Progress in the Commercial and Industrial Sectors Spring 2008 Introduction Through 2007, commercial and industrial (C&I) leaders have made unprecedented progress in their efforts to improve energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions across their buildings and facilities. This includes: y Hundreds of organizations and individuals stepping forward to take the ENERGY STAR Challenge to improve the energy efficiency of America's buildings by 10 percent or more y Measuring the energy performance in tens of thousands of buildings y Achieving energy savings across millions of square feet y Designating more than 4,000 efficient buildings and facilities with the ENERGY STAR label ENERGY STAR partners are building tremendous momentum for energy efficiency and seeing important

37

Integrated estimation of commercial sector end-use load shapes and energy use intensities  

SciTech Connect

The Southern California Edison Company (SCE) and the California Energy Commission (CEC) have contracted with Energy Analysis Program of the Applied Science Division at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) to develop an integrated set of commercial sector load shapes (LS) and energy utilization indices (EUI) for use in forecasting electricity demand. The overall objectives of this project are to conduct detailed analyses of SCE data on commercial building characteristics, energy use, and whole-building load shapes, and, in conjunction with other data, to develop, test, and apply an integrated approach for the estimation of end-use LSs and EUIs. The project is one of the first attempts ever to combine simulation-based, prototypical building analyses with direct reconciliation to measured hourly load data.

Akbari, H.; Eto, J.; Turiel, I.; Heinemeier, K.; Lebot, B.; Nordman, B.; Rainer, L.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Distributed Generation Potential of the U.S. CommercialSector  

SciTech Connect

Small-scale (100 kW-5 MW) on-site distributed generation (DG) economically driven by combined heat and power (CHP) applications and, in some cases, reliability concerns will likely emerge as a common feature of commercial building energy systems in developed countries over the next two decades. In the U.S., private and public expectations for this technology are heavily influenced by forecasts published by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), most notably the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO). EIA's forecasts are typically made using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS), which has a forecasting module that predicts the penetration of several possible commercial building DG technologies over the period 2005-2025. Annual penetration is forecast by estimating the payback period for each technology, for each of a limited number of representative building types, for each of nine regions. This process results in an AEO2004 forecast deployment of about a total 3 GW of DG electrical generating capacity by 2025, which is only 0.25 percent of total forecast U.S. capacity. Analyses conducted using both the AEO2003 and AEO2004 versions of NEMS changes the baseline costs and performance characteristics of DG to reflect a world without U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) research into several thermal DG technologies, which is then compared to a case with enhanced technology representative of the successful achievement of DOE research goals. The net difference in 2025 DG penetration is dramatic using the AEO2003 version of NEMS, but much smaller in the AEO2004 version. The significance and validity of these contradictory results are discussed, and possibilities for improving estimates of commercial U.S. DG potential are explored.

LaCommare, Kristina Hamachi; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Gumerman,Etan; Marnay, Chris

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Model documentation report: Commercial Sector Demand Module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Commercial Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated through the synthesis and scenario development based on these components. This report serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description for model analysts, users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its statistical and forecast reports (Public Law 93-275, section 57(b)(1)). Third, it facilitates continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements as future projects.

NONE

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Where did the money go? The cost and performance of the largest commercial sector DSM program  

SciTech Connect

We calculate the total resource cost (TRC) of energy savings for 40 of the largest 1992 commercial sector DSM programs. The calculation includes the participating customer`s cost contribution to energy saving measures and all utility costs, including incentives received by customers, program administrative and overhead costs, measurement and evaluation costs, and shareholder incentives paid to the utility. All savings are based on post-program savings evaluations. We find that, on a savings-weighted basis, the programs have saved energy at a cost of 3.2 {cents}/kWh. Taken as a whole, the programs have been highly cost effective when compared to the avoided costs faced by the utilities when the programs were developed. We investigate reasons for differences in program costs and examine uncertainties in current utility practices for reporting costs and evaluating savings.

Eto, J.; Kito, S.; Shown, L.; Sonnenblick, R.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Model documentation report: Commercial sector demand module of the national energy modeling system  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Commercial Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated through the synthesis and scenario development based on these components. This document serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description for model analysts, users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its statistical and forecast reports. Third, it facilitates continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements as future projects.

NONE

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

From comfort to kilowatts: An integrated assessment of electricity conservation in Thailand's commercial sector  

SciTech Connect

Thailand serves as a case study of the potential to conserve electricity in the fast-growing commercial sectors of the tropical developing world. We performed a field study of over 1100 Thai office workers in which a questionnaire survey and simultaneous physical measurements were taken. Both air-conditioned and non-air-conditioned buildings were included. We analyzed Thai subjective responses on the ASHRAE, McIntyre and other rating scales, relating them to Effective Temperature, demographics, and to rational indices of warmth such as PMV and TSENS. These results suggest that without sacrificing comfort, significant energy conservation opportunities exist through the relaxation of upper space temperature limits. To investigate the potential for conserving energy in a cost-effective manner, we performed a series of parametric simulations using the DOE-2.1D computer program on three commercial building prototypes based on actual buildings in Bangkok; an office, a hotel, and a shopping center. We investigated a wide range of energy conservation measures appropriate for each building type, from architectural measures to HVAC equipment and control solutions. The best measures applied in combination into high efficiency cases can generate energy savings in excess of 50%. Economic analyses performed for the high efficiency cases, resulted in costs of conserved energy of less than and internal rates of return in excess of 40%. Thermal cool storage, cogeneration, and gas cooling technology showed promise as cost-effective electric load management strategies.

Busch, J.F. Jr.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Integrated estimation of commercial sector end-use load shapes and energy use intensities  

SciTech Connect

The Southern California Edison Company (SCE) and the California Energy Commission (CEC) have contracted with the Energy Analysis Program of the Applied Science Division at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) to develop an integrated set of commercial sector load shapes (LS) and energy utilization indices (EUI) for use in forecasting electricity demand. The objectives of this project are to conduct detailed analyses of SCE data on commercial building characteristics, energy use, and whole-building load shapes; and in conjunction with other data, to develop, test, and apply an integrated approach for the estimation of end-use LSs and EUIs. The project represents one of the first attempts to combine simulation-based, prototypical building analyses with direct reconciliation to measured hourly load data. The project examined electricity and gas use for nine building types, including large offices, small offices, large retails, small retails, food stores, sitdown restaurants, fastfood restaurants, refrigerated warehouses, and non-refrigerated warehouses. For each building type, nine end uses were examined, including cooling, heating, ventilation, indoor lighting, outdoor lighting, miscellaneous equipment, water heating, cooking, and refrigeration. For the HVAC end uses (cooling, ventilation, and heating), separate analyses were performed for three climate zones: coastal, inland, and desert.

Akbari, H.; Eto, J.; Turiel, I.; Heinemeier, K.; Lebot, B.; Nordman, B.; Rainer, L.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

A new approach to estimate commercial sector end-use load shapes and energy use intensities  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the application of an end-use load shape estimation technique to develop annual energy use intensities (EUIs) and hourly end-use load shapes (LSs) for commercial buildings in the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) service territory. Results will update inputs for the commercial sector energy and peak demand forecasting models used by PG&E and the California Energy Commission (CEC). EUIs were estimated for 11 building types, up to 10 end uses, 3 fuel types, 2 building vintages, and up to 5 climate regions. The integrated methodology consists of two major parts. The first part is the reconciliation of initial end-use load-shape estimates with measured whole-building load data to produce intermediate EUIs and load shapes, using LBL`s End-use Disaggregation Algorithm, EDA. EDA is a deterministic hourly algorithm that relies on the observed characteristics of the measured hourly whole-building electricity use and disaggregates it into major end-use components. The end-use EUIs developed through the EDA procedure represent a snap-shot of electricity use by building type and end-use for two regions of the PG&E service territory, for the year that disaggregation is performed. In the second part of the methodology, we adjust the EUIs for direct application to forecasting models based on factors such as climatic impacts on space-conditioning EUIs, fuel saturation effects, building and equipment vintage, and price impacts. Core data for the project are detailed on-site surveys for about 800 buildings, mail surveys ({approximately}6000), load research data for over 1000 accounts, and hourly weather data for five climate regions.

Akbari, H.; Eto, J.; Konopacki, S.; Afzal, A.; Heinemeier, K.; Rainer, L.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Modeling of Demand Side Management Options for Commercial Sector in Maharashtra  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract There has been an unbalance between demand and supply of electricity in Maharashtra, a shortage of 20% peak power was reported in year 2011-12. Demand side management (DSM) in the commercial sector (consuming about 12% of the state electricity) can help to bridge this gap. In this paper three DSM options namely global temperature adjustment (GTA), chilled water storage (CWS) and variable air volume system (VAVS) are evaluated to give potential energy savings and load shifting. Simulation of GTA model for a sample school building gave 21.3% saving in compressor work for a change of room settings from 23oC, 50% RH to 26oC, 40% RH. Model for CWS was simulated for an office building in Mumbai; the results showed a cooling load shifting of 1638TRh out of 2075TRh was possible with an optimum tank size of 450kl. Simulation of VAVS for a sample school building showed fan energy savings of 68% over CAVS.

Vishal Vadabhat; Rangan Banerjee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Conservation screening curves to compare efficiency investments to power plants: Applications to commercial sector conservation programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Analysis 3 LILCO--Commercial Energy Audit 4Large Commercial Audit 7 SCE--Energy Management SurveysUtilities--Energy Check 5 SMUD--Small Commercial Audit 6

Koomey, Jonathan; Rosenfeld, Arthur H.; Gadgil, Ashok J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

LED Site Lighting in the Commercial Building Sector: Opportunities, Challenges, and the CBEA Performance Specification  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This March 26, 2009 webcast presented information about the Commercial Building Energy Alliances' (CBEA) efforts to explore the viability of LED site lighting in commercial parking lots. LED...

48

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE MARKET POTENTIAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF ENERGY CONSERVATION IN THE CANADIAN RESIDENTIAL/COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL SECTORS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTRACT Energy conservation in the residential/commercial/industrial sectors is a significant supply option for Canada. The conservation business can also produce an important impact on national economic performance. Although some achievement has been made in energy conservation, the potential in Canada has remained mostly untapped. In order to develop the energy conservation potential aggressively, demographic and institutional barriers must be overcome. The non-residential sector is likely to experience a more aggressive rate of energy conservation achievement than the residential sector. Financing is a crucial issue confronting the aggressive development of energy conservation. Good decisions require good information bases. There is much to improve on the quality and variety of data available to the public on energy conservation. Emphasis should also be placed on education and effective communication of energy conservation to managers and the public.

Lorne D.R. Dyke; W. Samuel Chan

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Commercial  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential Commercial Commercial Industrial Lighting Energy Smart Grocer Program HVAC Program Shell Measures Commercial Kitchen & Food Service Equipment Plug Load New...

50

Targeted CHP Outreach in Selected Sectors of the Commercial Market, 2004  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report defines the opportunity for CHP in three specific commercial building market segments: Smaller Educational Facilities, Smaller Healthcare Facilities, and Data Centers/Server Farms/Telecom Switching Centers.

51

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

1 2003 Commercial Delivered Energy Consumption Intensities, by Ownership of Unit (1) Ownership Nongovernment Owned 85.1 72% Owner-Occupied 87.3 35% Nonowner-Occupied 88.4 36%...

52

Models for residential- and commercial-sector energy-conservation analysis: applications, limitations, and future potential. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews four of the major models used by the Department of Energy (DOE) for energy conservation analyses in the residential- and commercial-building sectors. The objective is to provide a critical analysis of how these models can serve as tools for DOE and its Conservation Policy Office in evaluating and quantifying their policy and program requirements. For this, the study brings together information on the models' analytical structure and their strengths and limitations in policy applications these are then employed to assess the most-effective role for each model in addressing future issues of buildings energy-conservation policy and analysis. The four models covered are: Oak Ridge Residential Energy Model; Micro Analysis of Transfers to Households/Comprehensive Human Resources Data System (MATH/CHRDS) Model; Oak Ridge Commercial Energy Model; and Brookhaven Buildings Energy Conservation Optimization Model (BECOM).

Cole, Henry E.; Fullen, Robert E.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Price Responsiveness in the AEO2003 NEMS Residential and Commercial Buildings Sector Models  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This paper describes the demand responses to changes in energy prices in the Annual Energy Outlook 2003 versions of the Residential and Commercial Demand Modules of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). It updates a similar paper completed for the Annual Energy Outlook 1999 version of the NEMS.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Countries Launch Initiative to Drive Energy Efficiency in the Commercial and Industrial Sectors  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

July 20, 2010 July 20, 2010 1 FACT SHEET: THE GLOBAL SUPERIOR ENERGY PERFORMANCE PARTNERSHIP At the Clean Energy Ministerial in Washington, D.C. on July 19 th and 20 th , ministers launched a new public- private partnership to accelerate energy efficiency improvements in commercial buildings and industrial facilities, which together account for almost 60 percent of global energy use. The Global Superior Energy Performance (GSEP) Partnership will cut energy use, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and pollution, save money, and create

55

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

5 5 Commercial Buildings Share of U.S. Petroleum Consumption (Percent) Site Consumption Primary Consumption Total Commercial Industry Electric Gen. Transportation Commercial Industry Transportation (quads) 1980 4% 28% 8% 56% | 6% 31% 56% 34.2 1981 4% 26% 7% 59% | 5% 29% 59% 31.9 1982 3% 26% 5% 61% | 5% 28% 61% 30.2 1983 4% 25% 5% 62% | 5% 27% 62% 30.1 1984 4% 26% 4% 61% | 5% 27% 61% 31.1 1985 3% 25% 4% 63% | 5% 26% 63% 30.9 1986 4% 24% 5% 63% | 5% 26% 63% 32.2 1987 3% 25% 4% 63% | 5% 26% 63% 32.9 1988 3% 24% 5% 63% | 5% 26% 63% 34.2 1989 3% 24% 5% 63% | 5% 25% 63% 34.2 1990 3% 25% 4% 64% | 4% 26% 64% 33.6 1991 3% 24% 4% 65% | 4% 26% 65% 32.8 1992 3% 26% 3% 65% | 4% 27% 65% 33.5 1993 2% 25% 3% 65% | 3% 26% 65% 33.8 1994 2% 25% 3% 65% | 3% 26% 65% 34.7 1995 2% 25% 2% 67% | 3% 26% 67% 34.6 1996 2% 25% 2% 66% | 3% 26% 66% 35.8 1997 2% 26% 3% 66% | 3% 26% 66% 36.3 1998 2% 25% 4% 66% | 3% 26% 66% 36.9 1999 2% 25% 3% 66% | 3% 26% 66% 38.0 2000 2% 24% 3% 67% | 3% 25%

56

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 4 Commercial Buildings Share of U.S. Natural Gas Consumption (Percent) Site Consumption Primary Consumption Total Commercial Industry Electric Gen. Transportation Commercial Industry Transportation (quads) 1980 13% 41% 19% 3% | 18% 49% 3% 20.22 1981 13% 42% 19% 3% | 18% 49% 3% 19.74 1982 14% 39% 18% 3% | 20% 45% 3% 18.36 1983 14% 39% 17% 3% | 19% 46% 3% 17.20 1984 14% 40% 17% 3% | 19% 47% 3% 18.38 1985 14% 40% 18% 3% | 19% 46% 3% 17.70 1986 14% 40% 16% 3% | 19% 46% 3% 16.59 1987 14% 41% 17% 3% | 19% 47% 3% 17.63 1988 15% 42% 15% 3% | 19% 47% 3% 18.44 1989 14% 41% 16% 3% | 19% 47% 3% 19.56 1990 14% 43% 17% 3% | 19% 49% 4% 19.57 1991 14% 43% 17% 3% | 19% 49% 3% 20.03 1992 14% 43% 17% 3% | 19% 49% 3% 20.71 1993 14% 43% 17% 3% | 19% 48% 3% 21.24 1994 14% 42% 18% 3% | 19% 48% 3% 21.75 1995 14% 42% 19% 3% | 20% 49% 3% 22.71 1996 14% 43% 17% 3% | 19% 49% 3% 23.14 1997 14% 43% 18% 3% | 20% 49% 3% 23.34 1998 13% 43% 20% 3% | 20% 50% 3% 22.86 1999 14%

57

Buildings Energy Data Book: 8.3 Commercial Sector Water Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

1 1 Commercial Water Use by Source (Million Gallons per Day) Year 1980 - - - 1985 5,710 1,230 1990 5,900 2,390 1995 6,690 2,890 2000 (3) 7,202 3,111 2005 (3) 7,102 3,068 Note(s): Source(s): 10,314 10,171 1) Public supply water use: water withdrawn by public and private water suppliers that furnish water to at least 25 people or have a minimum of 15 connections. 2) Self-supply water use: Water withdrawn from a groundwater or surface-water source by a user rather than being obtained from a public supply. 3) USGS did not estimate commercial water use in this year. Estimates are based on available data and percentage breakdown of commercial use in the 1995 survey. U.S. Geological Survey, Estimated Use of Water in the U.S. in 1985, U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1004, 1988; U.S. Geological Survey, Estimated Use of

58

Pedernales Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pedernales Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Pedernales Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program Pedernales Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info Expiration Date Installation must be made within one year of the preliminary approval date State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount 20-29 kW saved: $75/kW new; $150/kW retrofit 30-39 kW saved: $100/kW new; $200/kW retrofit 40-49 kW saved: $125/kW new; $250/kW retrofit 50 or more kW saved: $150/kW new; $300/kW retrofit Provider Conservation Section For existing and new commercial construction, Pedernales Electric Cooperative provides incentives for kW saved through efficient lighting.

59

Countries Launch Initiative to Drive Energy Efficiency in the Commercial and Industrial Sectors  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Updated on July 23, 2010 Updated on July 23, 2010 1 FACT SHEET: THE GLOBAL SUPERIOR ENERGY PERFORMANCE PARTNERSHIP At the Clean Energy Ministerial in Washington, D.C. on July 19 th and 20 th , ministers launched a new public- private partnership to accelerate energy efficiency improvements in commercial buildings and industrial facilities, which together account for almost 60 percent of global energy use. The Global Superior Energy Performance (GSEP) Partnership will cut energy use, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and pollution, save money, and create

60

Assessment of the Energy Impacts of Outside Air in the Commercial Sector  

SciTech Connect

The enormous quantity of energy consumed by U.S. commercial buildings places a significant burden on the energy supply and is a potential source of economic strain. To address this, the DOE Building Technologies Program has established the goal of developing market-viable zero energy buildings by 2025. This study focuses on the effects of outside air, and considers various outside air sources, types of building construction, building subsectors, and climates. Based on the information about energy consumption attributed to outside air, it identifies topics for further research that have the greatest potential to achieve energy savings.

Benne, K.; Griffith, B.; Long, N.; Torcellini, P.; Crawley, D.; Logee, T.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3 3 2003 Commercial Buildings Delivered Energy End-Use Intensities, by Building Activity (Thousand Btu per SF) (1) Space Heating Cooling Ventilation Water Heating Lighting Cooking Refrigeration Office Equipment Computers Other Total Space Heating Cooling Ventilation Water Heating Lighting Cooking Refrigeration Office Equipment Computers Other Total Space Heating Cooling Ventilation Water Heating Lighting Cooking Refrigeration Office Equipment Computers Other Total Note(s): Source(s): 43.5 45.2 164.4 20.9 1) Due to rounding, end-uses do not sum to total. EIA, 2003 Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey, Energy End-Uses, Oct. 2008, Table E.2A. 0.3 0.6 3.0 N.A. 4.9 4.8 18.9 3.1 1.7 3.5 6.0 N.A. 0.1 0.2 N.A. N.A. 4.4 13.1 34.1 1.7 0.8 N.A. N.A. N.A. 1.4 2.0 6.1 0.4 0.8 0.6 2.1 0.1 26.2 19.3 79.4 14.4 2.9 1.3 10.5 0.6 Religious

62

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 Aggregate Commercial Building Component Loads as of 1998 (1) Load (quads) and Percent of Total Load Component Heating Cooling Roof -0.103 12% 0.014 1% Walls (2) -0.174 21% -0.008 - Foundation -0.093 11% -0.058 - Infiltration -0.152 18% -0.041 - Ventilation -0.129 15% -0.045 - Windows (conduction) -0.188 22% -0.085 - Windows (solar gain) 0.114 - 0.386 32% Internal Gains Lights 0.196 - 0.505 42% Equipment (electrical) 0.048 - 0.207 17% Equip. (non-electrical) 0.001 - 0.006 1% People 0.038 - 0.082 7% NET Load -0.442 100% 0.963 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Loads represent the thermal energy losses/gains that, when combined, will be offset by a building's heating/cooling system to maintain a set interior temperature (which equals site energy). 2) Includes common interior walls between buildings. LBNL, Commercial Heating and Cooling Loads Component Analysis, June 1998, Table 24, p. 45 and Figure 3, p. 61

63

Buildings Energy Data Book: 8.3 Commercial Sector Water Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3 3 Normalized Annual End Uses of Water in Select Restaurants in Western United States (1) Fixture/End Use (2) Faucets Dishwashing Toilets/Urinals Ice Making Total Indoor Use (3) (4) (4) Building Size (SF) Seats: Meals: Benchmarking Values for Restaurants (6) N Gal./SF/year 90 Gal./meal 90 Gal./seat/day 90 Gal./employee/day 90 Note(s): Source(s): American Water Works Association Research Foundation, Commercial and Institutional End Uses of Water, 2000. 25th Percentile of Users 130 - 331 6 - 9 20 - 31 86 - 122 Familiy-style dine-in establishments. Four restaurants in southern California, one in Phoenix, AZ. 1) Water use data for the buildings was collected over a few days. Estimates of annual use were created by accounting for seasonal use and other variables, billing data, and

64

Buildings Energy Data Book: 8.3 Commercial Sector Water Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

6 6 Normalized Annual End Uses of Water in Two California High Schools Fixture/End Use Toilet Urinal Faucet Shower Kitchen Misc. uses (2) Cooling Leaks Swimming Pool Total Use Benchmarking Values for Schools (3) N Indoor Use, Gal./sq. ft./year 142 Indoor Use, Gal./school day/student 141 Cooling Use, Gal./sq. ft./year 35 Note(s): Source(s): 8 - 20 1) Water use data for the buildings was collected over a few days. Estimates of annual use were created by accounting for seasonal use and other variables, billing data, and interviews with building managers. 2) One high school. 3) The study derived efficiency benchmarks by analyzing measured data and audit data. The benchmark was set at the lower 25th percentile of users. American Water Works Association Research Foundation, Commercial and Institutional End Uses of Water, 2000.

65

Scale Matters: An Action Plan for Realizing Sector-Wide"Zero-Energy" Performance Goals in Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect

It is widely accepted that if the United States is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions it must aggressively address energy end use in the building sector. While there have been some notable but modest successes with mandatory and voluntary programs, there have also been puzzling failures to achieve expected savings. Collectively, these programs have not yet reached the majority of the building stock, nor have they yet routinely produced very large savings in individual buildings. Several trends that have the potential to change this are noteworthy: (1) the growing market interest in 'green buildings' and 'sustainable design', (2) the major professional societies (e.g. AIA, ASHRAE) have more aggressively adopted significant improvements in energy efficiency as strategic goals, e.g. targeting 'zero energy', carbon-neutral buildings by 2030. While this vision is widely accepted as desirable, unless there are significant changes to the way buildings are routinely designed, delivered and operated, zero energy buildings will remain a niche phenomenon rather than a sector-wide reality. Toward that end, a public/private coalition including the Alliance to Save Energy, LBNL, AIA, ASHRAE, USGBC and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) are developing an 'action plan' for moving the U.S. commercial building sector towards zero energy performance. It addresses regional action in a national framework; integrated deployment, demonstration and R&D threads; and would focus on measurable, visible performance indicators. This paper outlines this action plan, focusing on the challenge, the key themes, and the strategies and actions leading to substantial reductions in GHG emissions by 2030.

Selkowitz, Stephen; Selkowitz, Stephen; Granderson, Jessica; Haves, Philip; Mathew, Paul; Harris, Jeff

2008-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

66

Buildings Energy Data Book: 8.3 Commercial Sector Water Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 Average Water Use of Commercial and Institutional Establishments (Gallons per Establishment per Day) Average Variation % Total % of CI % Seasonal Daily Use In Use (1) CI Use Customers Use (2) Hotels and Motels 7,113 5.41 5.8% 1.9% 23.1% Laundries/Laundromats 3,290 8.85 4.0% 1.4% 13.4% Car Washes 3,031 3.12 0.8% 0.4% 14.2% Urban Irrigation 2,596 8.73 28.5% 30.2% 86.9% Schools and Colleges 2,117 12.13 8.8% 4.8% 58.0% Hospitals/Medical Offices 1,236 78.5 3.9% 4.2% 23.2% Office Buildings 1,204 6.29 10.2% 11.7% 29.0% Restaurants 906 7.69 8.8% 11.2% 16.1% Food Stores 729 16.29 2.9% 5.2% 19.4% Auto Shops (3) 687 7.96 2.0% 6.7% 27.2% Membership Organizations (4) 629 6.42 2.0% 5.6% 46.2% Total 77.6% 83.3% Note(s): Source(s): 23,538 Estimated from 24 months of water utility billing data in five Western locations: four locations in Southern California and one in Arizona. 1)

67

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

9 9 2003 Commercial Delivered Energy Consumption Intensities, by Principal Building Type and Vintage (1) | Building Type Pre-1959 1960-1989 1990-2003 | Building Type Pre-1959 1960-1989 1990-2003 Health Care 178.1 216.0 135.7 | Education 77.7 88.3 80.6 Inpatient 230.3 255.3 253.8 | Service 62.4 86.0 74.8 Outpatient 91.6 110.4 84.4 | Food Service 145.2 290.1 361.2 Food Sales 205.8 197.6 198.3 | Religious Worship 46.6 39.9 43.3 Lodging 88.2 111.5 88.1 | Public Order & Safety N.A. 101.3 110.6 Office 93.6 94.4 88.0 | Warehouse & Storage N.A. 38.9 33.3 Mercantile 80.4 91.8 94.4 | Public Assembly 61.9 107.6 119.7 Retail (Non-Malls) 74.1 63.7 86.4 | Vacant 21.4 23.1 N.A. Retail (Malls) N.A. 103.9 99.5 | Other 161.3 204.9 125.3 Note(s): Source(s): Consumption (kBtu/SF) Consumption (kBtu/SF) 1) See Table 3.1.3 for primary versus delivered energy consumption.

68

Linking, leveraging and learning: sectoral systems of innovation and technological catch-up in China's commercial aerospace industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Developing countries often have ambitions to become major players in the commercial aerospace industry, but it remains effectively a duopoly dominated by Boeing of the USA and Europe's Airbus. China is no exception and the projects designed to bring this about have taken a number of forms. Adopting the sectoral system of innovation (SSI) as an analytical framework, this paper explores recent changes in the industry. Using China's ARJ21 regional jet programme as a case study, it examines how these changes provide opportunities for latecomer nations to catch-up technologically. It is argued that the new institutional context and the presence of new actors within the SSI, represent an opportunity for latecomer nations like China to acquire the capability to design, develop and manufacture commercial jet airliners, through linking with Western suppliers. However the analysis reveals that as a latecomer nation, China may prove to be a special case, with the opportunities for catch-up by other latecomers much more limited.

David J. Smith; Michael Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Assessing National Employment Impacts of Investment in Residential and Commercial Sector Energy Efficiency: Review and Example Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) modeled the employment impacts of a major national initiative to accelerate energy efficiency trends at one of two levels: 15 percent savings by 2030. In this scenario, efficiency activities save about 15 percent of the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) Reference Case electricity consumption by 2030. It is assumed that additional energy savings in both the residential and commercial sectors begin in 2015 at zero, and then increase in an S-shaped market penetration curve, with the level of savings equal to about 7.0 percent of the AEO 2014 U.S. national residential and commercial electricity consumption saved by 2020, 14.8 percent by 2025, and 15 percent by 2030. 10 percent savings by 2030. In this scenario, additional savings begin at zero in 2015, increase to 3.8 percent in 2020, 9.8 percent by 2025, and 10 percent of the AEO reference case value by 2030. The analysis of the 15 percent case indicates that by 2030 more than 300,000 new jobs would likely result from such policies, including an annual average of more than 60,000 jobs directly supporting the installation and maintenance of energy efficiency measures and practices. These are new jobs resulting initially from the investment associated with the construction of more energy-efficient new buildings or the retrofit of existing buildings and would be sustained for as long as the investment continues. Based on what is known about the current level of building-sector energy efficiency jobs, this would represent an increase of more than 10 percent from the current estimated level of over 450,000 such jobs. The more significant and longer-lasting effect comes from the redirection of energy bill savings toward the purchase of other goods and services in the general economy, with its attendant influence on increasing the total number of jobs. This example analysis utilized PNNLs ImSET model, a modeling framework that PNNL has used over the past two decades to assess the economic impacts of the U.S. Department of Energys (DOEs) energy efficiency programs in the buildings sector.

Anderson, David M.; Belzer, David B.; Livingston, Olga V.; Scott, Michael J.

2014-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

70

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3 3 Commercial Delivered and Primary Energy Consumption Intensities, by Year Percent Delivered Energy Consumption Primary Energy Consumption Floorspace Post-2000 Total Consumption per Total Consumption per (million SF) Floorspace (1) (10^15 Btu) SF (thousand Btu/SF) (10^15 Btu) SF (thousand Btu/SF) 1980 50.9 N.A. 5.99 117.7 10.57 207.7 1990 64.3 N.A. 6.74 104.8 13.30 207.0 2000 (2) 68.5 N.A. 8.20 119.7 17.15 250.3 2010 81.1 26% 8.74 107.7 18.22 224.6 2015 84.1 34% 8.88 105.5 18.19 216.2 2020 89.1 43% 9.02 101.2 19.15 214.9 2025 93.9 52% 9.56 101.8 20.06 213.6 2030 98.2 60% 9.96 101.5 20.92 213.1 2035 103.0 68% 10.38 100.8 21.78 211.4 Note(s): Source(s): EIA, State Energy Consumption Database, June 2011 for 1980-2009; DOE for 1980 floorspace; EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 1994, Jan. 1994, Table A5, p. 62 for 1990 floorspace; EIA, AEO 2003, Jan. 2003, Table A5, p. 127 for 2000 floorspace; and EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release, Jan. 2012,

71

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

5 5 2015 Commercial Energy End-Use Splits, by Fuel Type (Quadrillion Btu) Natural Fuel Other Renw. Site Site Primary Primary Gas Oil (1) LPG Fuel(2) En.(3) Electric Total Percent Electric (4) Total Percent Lighting 1.01 1.01 11.4% | 3.05 3.05 16.7% Space Heating 1.69 0.20 0.06 0.11 0.17 2.23 25.2% | 0.50 2.57 14.1% Space Cooling 0.04 0.51 0.54 6.1% | 1.52 1.56 8.6% Ventilation 0.54 0.54 6.1% | 1.62 1.62 8.9% Refrigeration 0.35 0.35 4.0% | 1.06 1.06 5.8% Electronics 0.32 0.32 3.6% | 0.95 0.95 5.2% Water Heating 0.48 0.03 0.03 0.09 0.63 7.1% | 0.27 0.81 4.5% Computers 0.19 0.19 2.1% | 0.57 0.57 3.1% Cooking 0.19 0.02 0.21 2.4% | 0.07 0.26 1.4% Other (5) 0.33 0.01 0.14 0.05 0.01 0.81 1.35 15.2% | 2.45 2.99 16.4% Adjust to SEDS (6) 0.68 0.19 0.63 1.50 16.9% | 1.90 2.77 15.2% Total 3.33 0.43 0.14 0.11 0.15 4.63 8.88 100% | 13.99 18.23 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Includes (0.35 quad) distillate fuel oil and (0.08 quad) residual fuel oil. 2) Kerosene (less than 0.01 quad) and coal (0.06 quad) are

72

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

6 6 2025 Commercial Energy End-Use Splits, by Fuel Type (Quadrillion Btu) Natural Fuel Other Renw. Site Site Primary Primary Gas Oil (1) LPG Fuel(2) En.(3) Electric Total Percent Electric (4) Total Percent Lighting 1.08 1.08 11.3% | 3.27 3.27 16.3% Space Heating 1.68 0.18 0.06 0.11 0.16 2.20 23.1% | 0.49 2.53 12.6% Ventilation 0.60 0.60 6.2% | 1.80 1.80 9.0% Space Cooling 0.03 0.52 0.55 5.7% | 1.56 1.59 7.9% Electronics 0.40 0.40 4.2% | 1.22 1.22 6.1% Refrigeration 0.34 0.34 3.6% | 1.02 1.02 5.1% Water Heating 0.52 0.03 0.03 0.09 0.67 7.0% | 0.27 0.85 4.2% Computers 0.20 0.20 2.1% | 0.60 0.60 3.0% Cooking 0.21 0.02 0.23 2.4% | 0.07 0.27 1.4% Other (5) 0.48 0.01 0.15 0.05 0.01 1.12 1.82 19.1% | 3.39 4.09 20.3% Adjust to SEDS (6) 0.58 0.18 0.69 1.46 15.3% | 2.09 2.85 14.2% Total 3.50 0.41 0.15 0.12 0.15 5.23 9.56 100% | 15.77 20.10 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Includes (0.33 quad) distillate fuel oil and (0.08 quad) residual fuel oil. 2) Kerosene (less than 0.01 quad) and coal (0.06 quad) are

73

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

Commercial Primary Energy Consumption, by Year and Fuel Type (Quadrillion Btu and Percent of Total) Electricity Growth Rate Natural Gas Petroleum (1) Coal Renewable(2) Sales Losses Total Total(3) 2010-Year 1980 2.63 24.9% 1.31 12.4% 0.12 1.1% 0.02 0.2% 1.91 4.58 6.49 61.4% 1981 2.54 23.9% 1.12 10.5% 0.14 1.3% 0.02 0.2% 2.03 4.76 6.80 64.1% 1982 2.64 24.3% 1.03 9.5% 0.16 1.4% 0.02 0.2% 2.08 4.91 6.99 64.5% 1983 2.48 22.7% 1.16 10.7% 0.16 1.5% 0.02 0.2% 2.12 4.98 7.09 65.0% 1984 2.57 22.5% 1.22 10.7% 0.17 1.5% 0.02 0.2% 2.26 5.17 7.43 65.1% 1985 2.47 21.6% 1.08 9.4% 0.14 1.2% 0.02 0.2% 2.35 5.39 7.74 67.6% 1986 2.35 20.3% 1.16 10.0% 0.14 1.2% 0.03 0.2% 2.44 5.47 7.91 68.3% 1987 2.47 20.8% 1.13 9.5% 0.13 1.1% 0.03 0.2% 2.54 5.62 8.16 68.5% 1988 2.72 21.6% 1.09 8.7% 0.13 1.0% 0.03 0.3% 2.68 5.92 8.60 68.4% 1989 2.77 21.0% 1.04 7.9% 0.12 0.9% 0.10 0.8% 2.77 6.39 9.16 69.5% 1990 2.67 20.1%

74

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

7 7 2035 Commercial Energy End-Use Splits, by Fuel Type (Quadrillion Btu) Natural Fuel Other Renw. Site Site Primary Primary Gas Oil (1) LPG Fuel(2) En.(3) Electric Total Percent Electric (4) Total Percent Lighting 1.15 1.15 11.1% | 3.40 3.40 15.6% Space Heating 1.65 0.18 0.06 0.11 0.16 2.16 20.8% | 0.48 2.48 11.3% Ventilation 0.65 0.65 6.2% | 1.91 1.91 8.7% Space Cooling 0.03 0.54 0.57 5.5% | 1.59 1.62 7.4% Electronics 0.46 0.46 4.5% | 1.37 1.37 6.3% Refrigeration 0.36 0.36 3.4% | 1.05 1.05 4.8% Water Heating 0.54 0.03 0.04 0.09 0.70 6.8% | 0.25 0.87 4.0% Computers 0.22 0.22 2.1% | 0.64 0.64 2.9% Cooking 0.22 0.02 0.25 2.4% | 0.06 0.29 1.3% Other (5) 0.81 0.01 0.16 0.06 0.01 1.46 2.51 24.2% | 4.30 5.35 24.5% Adjust to SEDS (6) 0.40 0.18 0.77 1.36 13.1% | 2.28 2.86 13.1% Total 3.65 0.40 0.16 0.12 0.16 5.89 10.38 100% | 17.33 21.83 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Includes (0.32 quad) distillate fuel oil and (0.08 quad) residual fuel oil. 2) Kerosene (0.01 quad) and coal (0.06 quad) are assumed

75

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 4 2010 Commercial Energy End-Use Splits, by Fuel Type (Quadrillion Btu) Natural Fuel Other Renw. Site Site Primary Primary Gas Oil (1) LPG Fuel(2) En.(3) Electric Total Percent Electric (4) Total Percent Lighting 1.19 1.19 13.6% | 3.69 3.69 20.2% Space Heating 1.65 0.22 0.06 0.11 0.28 2.33 26.6% | 0.88 2.93 16.0% Space Cooling 0.04 0.84 0.88 10.1% | 2.60 2.64 14.5% Ventilation 0.54 0.54 6.1% | 1.66 1.66 9.1% Refrigeration 0.39 0.39 4.5% | 1.21 1.21 6.6% Water Heating 0.44 0.03 0.03 0.09 0.58 6.7% | 0.28 0.78 4.3% Electronics 0.26 0.26 3.0% | 0.81 0.81 4.4% Computers 0.21 0.21 2.4% | 0.66 0.66 3.6% Cooking 0.18 0.02 0.20 2.3% | 0.07 0.25 1.4% Other (5) 0.30 0.01 0.14 0.05 0.01 0.69 1.20 13.7% | 2.13 2.64 14.5% Adjust to SEDS (6) 0.68 0.25 0.02 0.95 10.9% | 0.06 0.99 5.4% Total 3.29 0.52 0.14 0.12 0.14 4.54 8.74 100% | 14.05 18.26 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Includes (0.43 quad) distillate fuel oil and (0.08 quad) residual fuel oil. 2) Kerosene (0.01 quad) and coal (0.06 quad) are assumed

76

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 Commercial Site Renewable Energy Consumption (Quadrillion Btu) (1) Growth Rate Wood (2) Solar Thermal (3) Solar PV (3) GHP Total 2010-Year 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 0.110 0.035 0.010 N.A. 0.155 0.4% 0.110 0.035 0.009 N.A. 0.154 0.4% 0.110 0.035 0.009 N.A. 0.153 0.4% 0.110 0.034 0.009 N.A. 0.153 0.4% 0.110 0.034 0.009 N.A. 0.152 0.4% 0.110 0.034 0.008 N.A. 0.152 0.4% 0.110 0.034 0.008 N.A. 0.151 0.4% 0.110 0.033 0.008 N.A. 0.151 0.4% 0.110 0.033 0.008 N.A. 0.150 0.4% 0.110 0.033 0.007 N.A. 0.150 0.4% 0.110 0.032 0.007 N.A. 0.149 0.4% 0.110 0.032 0.007 N.A. 0.149 0.4% 0.110 0.032 0.007 N.A. 0.149 0.5% 0.110 0.032 0.007 N.A. 0.149 0.5% 0.110 0.032 0.007 N.A. 0.148 0.6%

77

COMMERCIALIZING  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

COMMERCIALIZING TECHNOLOGIES & CREATING JOBS Our location in the SS&TP plays a vital role in our ability to leverage the deep domain expertise of Sandia. Our proximity to the Labs...

78

Commercial  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SRC 7439-R3 Energy Edge Impact Evaluation Early Overview, Final Report. R. Diamond, J. Harris, M. Piette, O. deBuen, and B. Nordman. Lawrence Berkeley Lab. (1290). Commercial...

79

Property:Incentive/PVPbiFitMaxKW | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PVPbiFitMaxKW PVPbiFitMaxKW Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Incentive/PVPbiFitMaxKW Property Type String Description The maximum installed PV capacity in kW that is eligible for the PBI or FIT. Ex: We Energies' FIT maximum eligible PV system size is 100 kW. Format: 100.0 [1] References ↑ DSIRE Pages using the property "Incentive/PVPbiFitMaxKW" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Alliant Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Advanced Renewables Tariff (Wisconsin) + 20 + Ameren Missouri - Solar Renewable Energy Credits + 100 + Anaheim Public Utilities - PV Buydown Program (California) + 1000 + Austin Energy - Commercial PV Incentive Program (Texas) + 20 + Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) + 20 +

80

Integrated estimation of commercial sector end-use load shapes and energy use intensities in the PG&E service area  

SciTech Connect

This project represents a unique research effort to address the commercial sector end-use energy forecasting data needs of the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) and the California Energy Commission (CEC). The object of the project was to develop an updated set of commercial sector end-use energy use intensity (EUI) data that has been fully reconciled with measured data. The research was conducted in two stages. First, we developed reconciled electricity end-use EUIs and load shapes for each of the 11 building types in the inland and coastal regions of the PG&E service territory using information collected in 1986. Second, we developed procedures to translate these results into a consistent set of commercial sector forecasting model inputs recognizing the separate modeling conventions used by PG&E and CEC. EUIs have been developed for: II commercial building types; up to 10 end uses; up to 3 fuel types; 2 and 5 subservice territory forecasting regions (as specified by the PG&E and CEC forecasting models, respectively); and up to 2 distinct vintages corresponding to the period prior to and immediately following the adoption of the first generation of California building and equipment standards. For the electricity end uses, 36 sets of daily load shapes have been developed representing average weekday, average weekend, and peak weekday electricity use for each month of the year by building type for both the inland and coastal climate zones.

Akbari, H.; Eto, J.; Konopacki, S.; Afzal, A.; Heinemeier, K.; Rainer, L.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Commercial Demand Module The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates projections of commercial sector energy demand through 2035. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA's State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial. Since most of commercial energy consumption occurs in buildings, the commercial module relies on the data from the EIA

82

Sector-specific issues and reporting methodologies supporting the General Guidelines for the voluntary reporting of greenhouse gases under Section 1605(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992. Volume 1: Part 1, Electricity supply sector; Part 2, Residential and commercial buildings sector; Part 3, Industrial sector  

SciTech Connect

DOE encourages you to report your achievements in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and sequestering carbon under this program. Global climate change is increasingly being recognized as a threat that individuals and organizations can take action against. If you are among those taking action, reporting your projects may lead to recognition for you, motivation for others, and synergistic learning for the global community. This report discusses the reporting process for the voluntary detailed guidance in the sectoral supporting documents for electricity supply, residential and commercial buildings, industry, transportation, forestry, and agriculture. You may have reportable projects in several sectors; you may report them separately or capture and report the total effects on an entity-wide report.

Not Available

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

The Market and Technical Potential for Combined Heat and Power in the Commercial/Institutional Sector, January 2000  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Report of an analysis to determine the potential for cogeneration or combined heat and power (CHP) in the commercial/institutional market.

84

Barriers to the increased utilization of coal combustion/desulfurization by-products by government & commercial sectors - update 1998,7/99,3268845  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BARRIERS TO THE INCREASED UTILIZATION BARRIERS TO THE INCREASED UTILIZATION OF COAL COMBUSTION/DESULFURIZATION BY-PRODUCTS BY GOVERNMENT AND COMMERCIAL SECTORS - UPDATE 1998 EERC Topical Report DE-FC21-93MC-30097--79 Submitted by: Debra F. Pflughoeft-Hassett Everett A. Sondreal Edward N. Steadman Kurt E. Eylands Bruce A. Dockter Energy & Environmental Research Center PO Box 9018 Grand Forks, ND 58202-9018 99-EERC-07-08 July 1999 i TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF FIGURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv LIST OF TABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v ACKNOWLEDGMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii TERMINOLOGY AND DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

85

Commercial Marketing Toolkit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial-Marketing-Toolkit Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search Policy & Reporting Expand Policy & Reporting EE Sectors Expand EE Sectors Technology...

86

Status of the space-cooling-equipment market in the commercial sector. Topical report, November 1985-March 1986  

SciTech Connect

The report covers the cooling equipment market for commercial applications as characterized by a data base on shipments (with adjustment for U.S. exports and foreign imports), highlighting activities in the absorption chiller market, and predicting scenarios for future equipment shipments. An analysis of unitary air-conditioning equipment and commercial liquid chillers was performed to determine the population of domesticaly shipped equipment by type and capacity. A review of absorption liquid chiller marketing was performed to identify marketing techniques used to enhance absorption liquid chiller sales and to determine decision-making criteria used to evaluate replacement of existing equipment with absorption liquid chillers. Finally, cooling-market projections were made to forecast the future sales trends of commercial air-conditioning equipment.

Harris, L.; Katsenelenbogen, S.; Bernstein, H.; Bluestein, J.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Encyclopedia of Energy, Volume 1, pp 605616. Elsevier. 2004. Author nonexclusive, royalty-free copyright 1 Commercial Sector and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Commercial Energy Use 3. Measuring Energy Performance 4. Performance Rating Systems 5. Energy Efficiency used from all sources in a year. British thermal unit (Btu) Generically, the amount of energy or heatEncyclopedia of Energy, Volume 1, pp 605­616. Elsevier. 2004. Author nonexclusive, royalty

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

88

Highly Efficient, 5-kW CHP Fuel Cells Demonstrating Durability and Economic Value in Residential and Light Commercial Applications - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report James Petrecky Plug Power 968 Albany Shaker Road Latham, NY 12110 Phone: (518) 782-7700 ext: 1977 Email: james_petrecky@plugpower.com DOE Managers HQ: Jason Marcinkoski Phone: (202) 586-7466 Email: Jason.Marcinkoski@ee.doe.gov GO: Reg Tyler Phone: (720) 356-1805 Email: Reginald.Tyler@go.doe.gov Vendor: ClearEdge Power, Hillsboro, OR Project Start Date: October 1, 2009 Project End Date: September 15, 2013 Objectives Quantify the durability of proton exchange membrane * (PEM) fuel cell systems in residential and light commercial combined heat and power (CHP) applications in California. Optimize system performance though testing of multiple * high-temperature units through collection of field data.

89

Towards a Very Low Energy Building Stock: Modeling the U.S. Commercial Building Sector to Support Policy and Innovation Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the US EIA Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (2: US commercial building stock energy consumption and floorof time varying energy consumption in the US commercial

Coffey, Brian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 39 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Commercial Demand Module The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates projections of commercial sector energy demand through 2035. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA's State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial.

91

Towards a Very Low Energy Building Stock: Modeling the U.S. Commercial Building Sector to Support Policy and Innovation Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Potential for Achieving Net Zero-Energy Buildings in thea commitment to delivering net-zero energy new (and in someplan calls for net-zero energy commercial buildings by

Coffey, Brian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Mississippi Power - EarthCents Commercial Incentives Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mississippi Power - EarthCents Commercial Incentives Program Mississippi Power - EarthCents Commercial Incentives Program Mississippi Power - EarthCents Commercial Incentives Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State Mississippi Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Boilers/Resistance Heat Conversions: 15/kW Heat Pump Conversions: 20/ton Infrared Heat (New Construction, Additions, Conversions): 5/kW Electric Water Heater (New, Addition): 8 - 12/kW Electric Water Heater (Conversion): 16 - 24/kW Electric Cooking Equipment (New): 5/kW Electric Cooking Equipment (Conversion): 15/kW Provider Efficiency Programs Mississippi Power offers rebates to commercial customers to help offset the

93

Site Visit Report, Hanford Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW -...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Site Visit Report, Hanford Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW - August 2011 Site Visit Report, Hanford Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW - August 2011 August 2011 Hanford Sludge...

94

Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects over 250 kW (Payment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects over 250 kW Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects over 250 kW (Payment in Lieu) Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects over 250 kW (Payment in Lieu) < Back Eligibility Commercial Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Wind Program Info Start Date 01/01/2010 State Ohio Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% property tax exemption; payment in lieu of tax required Provider Ohio Development Services Agency Ohio's Renewable and Advanced Energy Project Property Tax Exemption, enacted with the passage of Ohio S.B. 232 in the summer of 2010, exempts qualified energy projects in Ohio from public utility tangible personal

95

Best Management Practice #11: Commercial Kitchen Equipment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Commercial kitchen equipment represents a large set of water users in the non-residential sector. Water efficiency for commercial kitchen equipment is especially important because high volume...

96

Louisville Private Sector  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Private Sector Attendees Private Sector Attendees ENERGY STAR Kick-off Meeting December 2007 5/3rd Bank Al J Schneider Company (The Galt House East) Baptist Hospital East Brown - Forman Building Owner and Managers Association (BOMA) Louisville CB Richard Ellis Commercial Real Estate Women (CREW) Louisville Cushman Wakefield General Electric Company Golden Foods Greater Louisville Chapter of International Facility Management Association (IFMA) Hines Humana, Inc Institute of Real Estate Management (IREM) Kentucky Chapter Jewish Hospital & St Mary's Healthcare Kentucky Chapter, Certified Commercial Investment Managers (CCIM) Kentucky Governor's Office of Energy Policy Kentucky Society of Health Care Engineers Kindred Health Care Louisville Air Pollution Control Board

97

El Paso Electric Company - Small Business and Commercial Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Business and Commercial Program Small Business and Commercial Program El Paso Electric Company - Small Business and Commercial Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Home Weatherization Insulation Design & Remodeling Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Large Commercial Solutions: $240/peak kW demand reduction Small Commercial Solutions: $400/kW demand reduction Provider El Paso Electric Company El Paso Electric (EPE) offers several incentive programs targeting small business owners as well as larger commercial and industrial EPE customers.

98

Commercialization | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercialization Commercialization Commercialization See an example of these steps in the commercialization process of Nickel Metal Hydride Batteries. See an example of these steps in the commercialization process of Nickel Metal Hydride Batteries. Commercialization is the process by which technologies and innovations developed in the lab make their way to market. By licensing patents or using Energy Department facilities, researchers from the private sector and academia are able to take advantage of federal investments into basic science research, while researchers are able to ensure that their discoveries have a life beyond the lab. The Energy Department also helps entrepreneurs, small business owners and

99

Towards a Very Low Energy Building Stock: Modeling the U.S. Commercial Building Sector to Support Policy and Innovation Planning  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the origin, structure and continuing development of a model of time varying energy consumption in the US commercial building stock. The model is based on a flexible structure that disaggregates the stock into various categories (e.g. by building type, climate, vintage and life-cycle stage) and assigns attributes to each of these (e.g. floor area and energy use intensity by fuel type and end use), based on historical data and user-defined scenarios for future projections. In addition to supporting the interactive exploration of building stock dynamics, the model has been used to study the likely outcomes of specific policy and innovation scenarios targeting very low future energy consumption in the building stock. Model use has highlighted the scale of the challenge of meeting targets stated by various government and professional bodies, and the importance of considering both new construction and existing buildings.

Coffey, Brian; Borgeson, Sam; Selkowitz, Stephen; Apte, Josh; Mathew, Paul; Haves, Philip

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

sector | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

sector sector Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 5, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses quadrillion btu. The data is broken down into residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Energy Consumption sector South Atlantic Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - South Atlantic- Reference Case (xls, 297.6 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects 250 kW or Less |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects 250 kW or Less Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects 250 kW or Less Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects 250 kW or Less < Back Eligibility Commercial Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Water Wind Program Info Start Date 01/01/2010 State Ohio Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% exemption Provider Ohio Development Services Agency Ohio's Renewable and Advanced Energy Project Property Tax Exemption, enacted with the passage of Ohio S.B. 232 in the summer of 2010, exempts qualified energy projects in Ohio from public utility tangible personal property taxes and real property taxes*. Before passage of S.B. 232, a renewable energy facility in Ohio that sold electricity to a third-party

102

Sector 7  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications Publications A Reminder for Sector 7 PIs and Users: Please report your new publications to the Sector Manager and the CAT Director. The APS requires PIs to submit new publications to its Publication Database, a link which can be found on the Publication section of the APS web site. Publication information for work done at 7ID Proper acknowledgement sentences to include in papers. Sector 7 Call for APS User Activity Reports. APS User Activity Reports by MHATT-CATers. Recent articles Recent theses Sector 7 Reports Sector 7 Recent research highlights (New) Design documents in ICMS on Sector 7 construction and operation Sector 7 related ICMS documents Library Resources available on the WWW The ANL Library system ANL electronic journal list AIM Find it! Citation Ranking by ISI (see Journal citation report)

103

Hawaii demand-side management resource assessment. Final report, Reference Volume 3 -- Residential and commercial sector DSM analyses: Detailed results from the DBEDT DSM assessment model; Part 1, Technical potential  

SciTech Connect

The Hawaii Demand-Side Management Resource Assessment was the fourth of seven projects in the Hawaii Energy Strategy (HES) program. HES was designed by the Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism (DBEDT) to produce an integrated energy strategy for the State of Hawaii. The purpose of Project 4 was to develop a comprehensive assessment of Hawaii`s demand-side management (DSM) resources. To meet this objective, the project was divided into two phases. The first phase included development of a DSM technology database and the identification of Hawaii commercial building characteristics through on-site audits. These Phase 1 products were then used in Phase 2 to identify expected energy impacts from DSM measures in typical residential and commercial buildings in Hawaii. The building energy simulation model DOE-2.1E was utilized to identify the DSM energy impacts. More detailed information on the typical buildings and the DOE-2.1E modeling effort is available in Reference Volume 1, ``Building Prototype Analysis``. In addition to the DOE-2.1E analysis, estimates of residential and commercial sector gas and electric DSM potential for the four counties of Honolulu, Hawaii, Maui, and Kauai through 2014 were forecasted by the new DBEDT DSM Assessment Model. Results from DBEDTs energy forecasting model, ENERGY 2020, were linked with results from DOE-2.1E building energy simulation runs and estimates of DSM measure impacts, costs, lifetime, and anticipated market penetration rates in the DBEDT DSM Model. Through its algorithms, estimates of DSM potential for each forecast year were developed. Using the load shape information from the DOE-2.1E simulation runs, estimates of electric peak demand impacts were developed. Numerous tables and figures illustrating the technical potential for demand-side management are included.

NONE

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Progress Energy Florida - SunSense Commercial PV Incentive Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Progress Energy Florida - SunSense Commercial PV Incentive Program Progress Energy Florida - SunSense Commercial PV Incentive Program Progress Energy Florida - SunSense Commercial PV Incentive Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate 130,000 per participant Program Info Start Date 03/15/2011 State Florida Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount First 10 kW: 2/watt 11 kW - 50 kW: 1.50/watt 51 kW - 100 kW: 1/watt Provider Business Customer Service '''''Progress Energy Florida will begin accepting applications at 10:00 a.m. October 1, 2012, for customers to apply for the 2013 rebates.''''' In March 2011, Progress Energy Florida began offering incentives to commercial customers who install photovoltaic (PV) systems. Incentive rates are based on a tiered structure:

105

EIA - Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2008 - Commercial Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Commercial Demand Module Commercial Demand Module Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2008 Commercial Demand Module The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates projections of commercial sector energy demand through 2030. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA’s State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial. Since most of commercial energy consumption occurs in buildings, the commercial module relies on the data from the EIA Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) for characterizing the commercial sector activity mix as well as the equipment stock and fuels consumed to provide end use services.1

106

EIA - Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2009 - Commercial Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Commercial Demand Module Commercial Demand Module Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Commercial Demand Module The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates projections of commercial sector energy demand through 2030. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA’s State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial. Since most of commercial energy consumption occurs in buildings, the commercial module relies on the data from the EIA Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) for characterizing the commercial sector activity mix as well as the equipment stock and fuels consumed to provide end use services.1

107

EIA - Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2010 - Commercial Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Commercial Demand Module Commercial Demand Module Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Commercial Demand Module The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates projections of commercial sector energy demand through 2035. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA’s State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial. Since most of commercial energy consumption occurs in buildings, the commercial module relies on the data from the EIA Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) for characterizing the commercial sector activity mix as well as the equipment stock and fuels consumed to provide end use services [1].

108

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Trends in Commercial Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Trends in Commercial Buildings and Floorspace Trends in Commercial Buildings and Floorspace Trends in Commercial Buildings and Floorspace The addition of commercial buildings and floorspace from 1995 to 1999 continued the general trends noted since 1979 (Figures 1 and 2). The size of the commercial buildings has grown steadily over the twenty years of CBECS. Each year more buildings are added to the sector (new construction or conversion of pre-existing buildings to commercial activity) than are removed (demolition or conversion to non-commercial activity). The definition for the commercial buildings population was changed for the 1995 CBECS which resulted in a slightly smaller buildings population and accounts for the data break in both Figures 1 and 2 (see report "Trends in the Commercial Buildings Sector" for complete details). Figure 1. Total Commercial Buildings, 1979 to 1999

109

Commercial Buildings Consortium  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Buildings Consortium Commercial Buildings Consortium Sandy Fazeli National Association of State Energy Officials sfazeli@naseo.org; 703-299-8800 ext. 17 April 2, 2013 Supporting Consortium for the U.S. Department of Energy Net-Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Initiative 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: * Many energy savings opportunities in commercial buildings remain untapped, underserved by the conventional "invest-design-build- operate" approach * The commercial buildings sector is siloed, with limited coordination

110

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 1999 - Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

commercial.gif (5196 bytes) commercial.gif (5196 bytes) The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates forecasts of commercial sector energy demand through 2020. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA’s State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings, however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial. Since most of commercial energy consumption occurs in buildings, the commercial module relies on the data from the EIA Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) for characterizing the commercial sector activity mix as well as the equipment stock and fuels consumed to provide end use services.12

111

Sector 7  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sector 7 : Time Resolved Research Group Sector 7 is operated by the Time Resolved Research Group, which is part of the X-ray Science Division (XSD) of the Advanced Photon Source. Our research focus is the study of Ultrafast fs-laser excitation of matter, using x-ray scattering and spectroscopy techniques. The sector developped two hard x-ray beamlines (7ID and 7BM) focused on time-resolved science. The 7BM beamline has been dedicated for time-resolved radiography of fuel sprays. Sector 7 Links: What's New Beamlines Overview User information: Getting Beamtime Current Research Programs Links to our partners, and collaborators (New) Publications Contact information Operational data (w/ current 7ID schedule) ES&H information (ESAF, EOR, TMS training, User Training)

112

Commercialization of clean coal technologies  

SciTech Connect

The steps to commercialization are reviewed in respect of their relative costs, the roles of the government and business sectors, and the need for scientific, technological, and economic viability. The status of commercialization of selected clean coal technologies is discussed. Case studies related to a clean coal technology are reviewed and conclusions are drawn on the factors that determine commercialization.

Bharucha, N. [Dept. of Primary Industries and Energy, Canberra (Australia)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

113

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Commercial > Commercial Buildings Home > Special Home > Commercial > Commercial Buildings Home > Special Reports > Trends in Commercial Buildings Trends: Buildings and Floorspace Energy Consumption and Energy Sources Overview: The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) Trends in the Commercial Buildings Sector Since 1978, the Energy Information Administration has collected basic statistical information from three of the major end-use sectors— residential, and industrial— periodic energy consumption surveys. Each survey is a snapshot of how energy is used in the year of the survey; the series of surveys in each sector reveals the trends in energy use for the sector. Introduction The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects data from a sample of buildings representative of the commercial buildings

114

Greenhouse Gas Abatement with Distributed Generation in California's Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy efficiency requirements. In this work, we estimate the CO 2 abatement potential in the California commercial sector and report

Stadler, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Lincoln Electric System (Commercial and Industrial) - Sustainable Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial and Industrial) - Sustainable Commercial and Industrial) - Sustainable Energy Program Lincoln Electric System (Commercial and Industrial) - Sustainable Energy Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Manufacturing Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate '''General Incentive Limits''' Commercial Industrial Lighting Retrofit: $100,000 per program year Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency: $100,000 per program year Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Commercial Industrial Lighting Retrofit Lighting Retrofit: $500/kW of peak-demand reduction

116

Sector X  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X X If there is an emergency at ETTP requiring evacuation, Sector X reports to the shelter at: Oak Ridge High School 127 Providence Road Oak Ridge, TN 37830 Take most direct route to northbound Bethel Valley Road toward Oak Ridge. Turn left onto Illinois Avenue (Highway 62). Turn right onto Oak Ridge Turnpike and turn left to Oak Ridge High School. If there is an emergency at ORNL requiring evacuation, Sector X reports to the shelter at: Karns High School 2710 Byington Solway Road Knoxville, TN 37931 Take most direct route to northbound Bethel Valley Road toward Knoxville. Then take a left at Highway 62 (Oak Ridge Highway) eastbound to Knoxville. Take a right onto State Route 131 (Byington Beaver Ridge) to Karns High School. If there is an emergency at Y-12 requiring evacuation, Sector X reports to the shelter at:

117

Sector 7  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Link to Sector 7 Users and Collaborators Link to Sector 7 Users and Collaborators This is an incomplete list of Partners from Universities and National Labs who use the facilities at Sector 7. If you wish to add a link to your institutional page, do no hesitate to contact Eric Dufresne at the APS. The APS XSD Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics group Center for Molecular Movies at Copenhagen University Roy Clarke Group at the University of Michigan Rob Crowell Group at BNL Chris Elles's group at Kansas University Argonne's Transportation Technology R&D Center Fuel Injection and Spray Research Group Paul Evans's group web page at the University of Wisconsin Alexei Grigoriev's group at Univ. of Tulsa Eric Landahl's web page at DePaul University The SLAC Pulse Institute Ultrafast Materials Science group (D. Reis and A. Lindenberg)

118

The Commercial Energy Consumer: About Whom Are We Speaking?  

SciTech Connect

Who are commercial sector customers, and how do they make decisions about energy consumption and energy efficiency investment? The energy policy field has not done a thorough job of describing energy consumption in the commercial sector. First, the discussion of the commercial sector itself is dominated by discussion of large businesses/buildings. Second, discussion of this portion of the commercial sectors consumption behavior is driven primarily by theory, with very little field data collected on the way commercial sector decision-makers describe their own options, choices, and reasons for taking action. These limitations artificially constrain energy policy options. This paper reviews the extant literature on commercial sector energy consumption behavior and identifies gaps in our knowledge. In particular, it argues that the primary energy policy model of commercial sector energy consumption is a top-down model that uses macro-level investment data to make conclusions about commercial behavior. Missing from the discussion is a model of consumption behavior that builds up to a theoretical framework informed by the micro-level data provided by commercial decision-makers themselves. Such a bottom-up model could enhance the effectiveness of commercial sector energy policy. In particular, translation of some behavioral models from the residential sector to the commercial sector may offer new opportunities for policies to change commercial energy consumption behavior. Utility bill consumption feedback is considered as one example of a policy option that may be applicable to both the residential and small commercial sector.

Payne, Christopher

2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

119

Covered Product Category: Commercial Griddles | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

commercial kitchen equipment. In the Federal sector, these products are typically used in food service operations like cafeterias in GSA buildings, kitchens in penitentiaries, and...

120

Commercial Buildings Partnerships | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

cover key market sectors: retail, food service, commercial real estate, hospitality, health care, higher education, and state and local building owners and managers. Learn...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Sector 7  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

: News : News Sector 7 calendar of events. APS News APS Monthly meeting slides What's new at the APS Sector 7? 2013 news 2012 news 2011 news 2010 news 2009 news 2008 news 2007 news 2006 news 2005 news 2004 news 2003 news 2002 news 2001 news 2013 News from APS Sector 7 May 2013: Ruben Reininger et al. recently published an article on the optical design of the SPX Imaging and Microscopy beamline (SPXIM). The details can be found on the RSI web site here. A new web page is now available to guide 7-BM users. See the official 7-BM web page for more details. 2012 News from APS Sector 7 August 2012: Jin Wang gave a talk on August 29, 2012 entitled "The APS 7-BM is Open for Business, Officially!" at the August APS Monthly Operation Meeting. On August 1, Alan Kastengren joined the X-ray Science Division to operate the 7-BM beamline. Alan has been involved in the construction

122

Development and Demonstration of a New Generation High Efficiency 10kW Stationary Fuel Cell System  

SciTech Connect

The overall project objective is to develop and demonstrate a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell combined heat and power (PEMFC CHP) system that provides the foundation for commercial, mass produced units which achieve over 40% electrical efficiency (fuel to electric conversion) from 50-100% load, greater than 70% overall efficiency (fuel to electric energy + usable waste heat energy conversion), have the potential to achieve 40,000 hours durability on all major process components, and can be produced in high volumes at under $400/kW (revised to $750/kW per 2011 DOE estimates) capital cost.

Howell, Thomas Russell

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

123

Anaheim Public Utilities - Commercial & Industrial New Construction Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Anaheim Public Utilities - Commercial & Industrial New Construction Anaheim Public Utilities - Commercial & Industrial New Construction Rebate Program Anaheim Public Utilities - Commercial & Industrial New Construction Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate $50,000 per measure $200,000 per facility Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting: $400/kW or $0.15/kWh Building Envelope: $400/kW or $0.15/kWh Mechanical: $400/kW or $0.15/kWh

124

AEP SWEPCO - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AEP SWEPCO - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate AEP SWEPCO - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs AEP SWEPCO - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Sealing Your Home Ventilation Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Insulation Design & Remodeling Maximum Rebate 20% of the annual C&I Standard Offer Program budget Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Air Compressors: $194.50/kW and $0.0750/kWh saved Duct Sealing: $188.40/kW and $0.0471 Air Infiltration: $143.20/kW and $0.0358/kWh saved

125

CPS Energy - New Commercial Construction Incentives | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CPS Energy - New Commercial Construction Incentives CPS Energy - New Commercial Construction Incentives CPS Energy - New Commercial Construction Incentives < Back Eligibility Commercial Multi-Family Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Maximum Rebate 35% of eligible project costs or $250,000 per project Program Info Start Date 01/01/2010 State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Tier 1 Energy Incentive: $0.08/kWh Tier 1 Peak Demand Incentive: $125/kW Tier 2 Energy Incentive: $0.12/kWh Tier 2 Peak Demand Incentive: $150/kW Tier 3 Energy Incentive: $0.20/kWh Tier 3 Peak Demand Incentive: $200/kW Provider CPS Energy CPS Energy offers incentives for new commercial construction that is at

126

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2001 - Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Commercial Demand Module Commercial Demand Module The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates forecasts of commercial sector energy demand through 2020. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA’s State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial. Since most of commercial energy consumption occurs in buildings, the commercial module relies on the data from the EIA Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) for

127

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2002 - Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Commercial Demand Module Commercial Demand Module The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates forecasts of commercial sector energy demand through 2020. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA’s State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial. Since most of commercial energy consumption occurs in buildings, the commercial module relies on the data from the EIA Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) for

128

Manufacturing Cost Analysis of 10 kW and 25 kW Direct Hydrogen Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell for Material Handling Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report provides cost estimates for the manufacture of 10 kW and 25 kW PEM fuel cells designed for material handling applications.

129

A Model of U.S. Commercial Distributed Generation Adoption  

SciTech Connect

Small-scale (100 kW-5 MW) on-site distributed generation (DG) economically driven by combined heat and power (CHP) applications and, in some cases, reliability concerns will likely emerge as a common feature of commercial building energy systems over the next two decades. Forecasts of DG adoption published by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) in the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) are made using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS), which has a forecasting module that predicts the penetration of several possible commercial building DG technologies over the period 2005-2025. NEMS is also used for estimating the future benefits of Department of Energy research and development used in support of budget requests and management decisionmaking. The NEMS approach to modeling DG has some limitations, including constraints on the amount of DG allowed for retrofits to existing buildings and a small number of possible sizes for each DG technology. An alternative approach called Commercial Sector Model (ComSeM) is developed to improve the way in which DG adoption is modeled. The approach incorporates load shapes for specific end uses in specific building types in specific regions, e.g., cooling in hospitals in Atlanta or space heating in Chicago offices. The Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) uses these load profiles together with input cost and performance DG technology assumptions to model the potential DG adoption for four selected cities and two sizes of five building types in selected forecast years to 2022. The Distributed Energy Resources Market Diffusion Model (DER-MaDiM) is then used to then tailor the DER-CAM results to adoption projections for the entire U.S. commercial sector for all forecast years from 2007-2025. This process is conducted such that the structure of results are consistent with the structure of NEMS, and can be re-injected into NEMS that can then be used to integrate adoption results into a full forecast.

LaCommare, Kristina Hamachi; Ryan Firestone; Zhou, Nan; Maribu,Karl; Marnay, Chris

2006-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

130

OG&E- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

OG&E offers lighting and custom rebates to commercial customers in Oklahoma to improve the energy efficiency of facilities. A rebate of $250 per kilowatt (kW) reduced is available for a wide...

131

Progress Energy Carolinas - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Program Energy Efficiency Program Progress Energy Carolinas - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Schools Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Custom Projects: 75% of the incremental measure costs Technical Efficiency Studies: 50% of cost up to $10,000-$20,000 Design Incentive (New Construction): $50,000 Program Info Expiration Date 1/1/2013 State South Carolina Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: $0.08 per kW hour saved annually CFL Lamps (Retrofit Only): $1.50

132

Commercial | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Commercial Commercial Jump to: navigation, search Click to return to AEO2011 page AEO2011 Data From AEO2011 report . Market Trends The AEO2011 Reference case shows minimal change in commercial energy use per capita between 2009 and 2035 (Figure 62). While growth in commercial floorspace (1.2 percent per year) is faster than growth in population (0.9 percent per year), energy use per capita remains relatively steady due to efficiency improvements in equipment and building shells. Efficiency standards and the addition of more efficient technologies account for a large share of the improvement in the efficiency of end-use services, notably in space cooling, refrigeration, and lighting.[1] Issues in Focus In 2009, the residential and commercial buildings sectors used 19.6

133

Sector 7  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Programs Research Programs Sector 7's research program exploits the brilliance of the APS undulator radiation to perform material research studies with high spatial and temporal resolution. Microbeam studies are made using x-ray beam sizes on the submicron-scale, and time-resolved diffraction measurements are carried out with picosecond resolution. Sector 7's undulator line has experimental enclosures dedicated to both time-resolved and microbeam research. In one of these enclosures (7ID-D), a femtosecond laser facility is set up for ultrafast diffraction and spectroscopy studies in a pump-probe geometry. The 7ID-B hutch is a white beam capable station used for time-resolved phase-contrast imaging and beamline optics development. A third enclosure (7ID-C) is instrumented for high-resolution diffraction studies with a Huber 6-circle diffractometer. The instrument is ideal for thin-film and interface studies, including the recently developed Coherent Bragg Rod Analysis (COBRA) technique. The fs-laser has recently been delivered to 7ID-C so time-resolved laser pump-x-ray probe can be performed in 7ID-C since March 2007. An x-ray streak camera is also being commissioned in 7ID-C. 7ID-C is equipped for microdiffraction studies with a small Huber 4-cicle diffractometer used with zone-plate optics.

134

EIA-Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook - Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Commercial Demand Module Commercial Demand Module Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2007 Commercial Demand Module The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates forecasts of commercial sector energy demand through 2030. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA's State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial. Since most of commercial energy consumption occurs in buildings, the commercial module relies on the data from the EIA Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) for characterizing the commercial sector activity mix as well as the equipment stock and fuels consumed to provide end use services.12

135

Entergy Texas - SCORE, CitySmart, and Commercial Solutions Programs |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Entergy Texas - SCORE, CitySmart, and Commercial Solutions Programs Entergy Texas - SCORE, CitySmart, and Commercial Solutions Programs Entergy Texas - SCORE, CitySmart, and Commercial Solutions Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Design & Remodeling Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Commercial Solutions Program: $175/kW demand reduction + $0.02/kWh saved SCORE/CitySmart Programs: $200/kW Provider Entergy Texas, Inc. The Commercial Solutions Program is designed to help participants identify

136

Data:F29db58c-c400-44e7-b38c-170642168fba | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rate 2 Commercial Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder Kelly 3 ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW):...

137

Sector 7  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

User Information & Getting Beamtime User Information & Getting Beamtime There are three ways to request beamtime to perform an experiment on APS-7ID. One can request beam time as an APS General User, as an APS Partner User, or one can contact a staff member of Sector 7 to work collaboratively with them using a small amount of staff time to gather preliminary data. 80% of the available beamtime on 7ID is given to General and Partner Users, while 20% is reserved for staff use. Beam time is allocated and announced by email shortly before the start of an experimental run. In October 2002, beamline 7ID welcomed its first APS General Users (GU). To gain access to 7ID, General or Partner Users are required to submit a proposal to the APS GU Website by the specified deadline. Sucessful proposals will be scheduled for the next cycle following the proposal deadline. There are three proposal cycles per year with deadlines about two months before the start of a run. The deadlines and General User forms are available on the web through the APS General User Web site. Specific instructions for new General Users are available on the site. These instructions can be helpful also for new APS Users in general.

138

Sector 7  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overview and History Overview and History Sector 7 consists of two APS beamlines: 7-ID: an insertion device beamline based on an APS Type-A Undulator 7-BM: a bend magnet beam line for time-resolved radiography (currently being commissioned) Overview of 7-ID 7-ID comprises four large experimental enclosures designated A, B, C, and D. In 2004, a laser enclosure was also added (7ID-E). Enclosure 7-ID-A is the first optics enclosure and houses a polished Be window, an empty x-ray filter unit, a pair of white beam slits, a water-cooled double crystal diamond monochromator (Kohzu HLD4), and a P4 mode shutter. The beamline vertical offset is 35 mm. Enclosure 7-ID-B is a white-, or monochromatic-beam experimental enclosure. It is equipped with two precision motorized table for alignment and positioning of experimental equipment. This station is used for white-beam imaging or microdiffraction experiments.

139

Updated Buildings Sector Appliance and Equipment Costs and Efficiency  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Full report (4.1 mb) Full report (4.1 mb) Heating, cooling, & water heating equipment Appendix A - Technology Forecast Updates - Residential and Commercial Building Technologies - Reference Case (1.9 mb) Appendix B - Technology Forecast Updates - Residential and Commercial Building Technologies - Advanced Case (1.3 mb) Lighting and commercial ventilation & refrigeration equipment Appendix C - Technology Forecast Updates - Residential and Commercial Building Technologies - Reference Case (1.1 mb) Appendix D - Technology Forecast Updates - Residential and Commercial Building Technologies - Advanced Case (1.1 mb) Updated Buildings Sector Appliance and Equipment Costs and Efficiency Release date: August 7, 2013 Energy used in the residential and commercial sectors provides a wide range

140

El Paso Electric - SCORE and Commercial Solutions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- SCORE and Commercial Solutions - SCORE and Commercial Solutions El Paso Electric - SCORE and Commercial Solutions < Back Eligibility Commercial Installer/Contractor Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount SCORE Reduced Peak Electric Demand; $185/kW Provider CLEAResult Consulting, Inc. El Paso Electric offers a targeted incentive program for public institutions, local governments and higher education. The SCORE Program is designed to help municipalities, counties, public

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Overview  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Commercial Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Survey Methodology Sampling Error, Standard Errors, and Relative Standard Errors The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey The commercial sector consists of business establishments and other organizations that provide services. The sector includes service businesses, such as retail and wholesale stores, hotels and motels, restaurants, and hospitals, as well as a wide range of buildings that would not be considered “commercial” in a traditional economic sense, such as public schools, correctional institutions, and religious and fraternal organizations. Excluded from the sector are the goods-producing industries: manufacturing, agriculture, mining, forestry and fisheries, and construction.

142

Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Trends in Commercial Buildings Sector-1979 to 2003 Trends in Commercial Buildings Sector-1979 to 2003 Since the first CBECS in 1979, the commercial buildings sector has increased in size. From 1979 to 2003: The number of commercial buildings increased from 3.8 million to 4.9 million (Figure 3). The amount of commercial floorspace increased from 51 billion to 72 billion square feet (Figure 4). Total energy consumed increased from less than 5,900 trillion to more than 6,500 trillion Btu (Figure 5). Electricity and natural gas consumption, nearly equal in 1979, diverged; electricity increased to more than 3,500 trillion Btu by 2003 while natural gas declined to 2,100 trillion Btu. Figure 3. The number of commercial buildings increased from 1979 to 2003. Figure 3. The number of commercial buildings increased from 1979 to 2003.

143

Energy End-Use Flow Maps for the Buildings Sector  

SciTech Connect

Graphical presentations of energy flows are widely used within the industrial sector to depict energy production and use. PNNL developed two energy flow maps, one each for the residential and commercial buildings sectors, in response to a need for a clear, concise, graphical depiction of the flows of energy from source to end-use in the building sector.

Belzer, David B.

2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

144

Comments About The Impact of Federal Technology Transfer on the Commercialization Process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Much has been said about technology transfer and little about technology commercialization. My comments will focus on the commercialization of public sector technology by industry.

James P. Wilhelm

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

DSP IMPLEMENTATION OF DC VOLTAGE REGULATION USING ADAPTIVE CONTROL FOR 200 KW 62000 RPM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to control the DC voltage for 200 kW induction generator rated at a speed of 62000 RPM under different load to regulate the DC voltage for high speed induction generators rated from 5 kW to 200 kW. ii #12DSP IMPLEMENTATION OF DC VOLTAGE REGULATION USING ADAPTIVE CONTROL FOR 200 KW 62000 RPM INDUCTION

Wu, Thomas

146

Flathead Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Flathead Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program Flathead Electric Cooperative - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Maximum Rebate 70% of project cost Program Info State Montana Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Retrofit Lighting: $3 - $400 per unit New Construction Lighting: $10 - $50 per unit Provider Flathead Electric Cooperative Flathead Electric Cooperative, in conjunction with Bonneville Power Administration, encourages energy efficiency in the commercial sector by providing a commercial lighting retro-fit rebate program and a new

147

Tampa Electric - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tampa Electric - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Tampa Electric - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Tampa Electric - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Insulation Design & Remodeling Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Cool Roof: $15,000 Chillers: $175/kW reduction Lighting: $175/kW reduction Water Heating: $700 Program Info State Florida Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Audits and CFLs: Free Insulation (Ceiling): $0.255/sq. ft. Insulation (Wall): $0.40/sq. ft. Insulation (Roof): $0.15/sq. ft.

148

Otter Tail Power Company - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial and Industrial Energy Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Otter Tail Power Company - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heating Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Maximum Rebate Refrigeration/Cooking/Lighting: rebate will not exceed 75% of project cost Retrocommissioning: $20,000 Retrocommissioning: Building must have at least 40,000 sq ft of conditioned space Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Water Heating: $150 - $300 or $20/kW Thermal Storage: $20 - $40/kW Condensers: $25/HP - $100/HP

149

The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the total primary energy consumption in 2000. Furthermore,The Commercial Primary Energy Consumption by Sector GDP

Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Commercial Clean Energy Grant Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Clean Energy Grant Program Commercial Clean Energy Grant Program Commercial Clean Energy Grant Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Water Heating Maximum Rebate PV: $6,000 SWH: $5,000 Program Info Funding Source Strategic Energy Investment Fund (SEIF) Start Date 11/06/2009 State Maryland Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount PV: $30-$60/kW (varies by capacity) SWH: $10-$20/square foot (varies by total panel area) Provider Maryland Energy Administration The Maryland Energy Administration (MEA) is offering grants for mid-sized photovoltaic (PV) systems and solar water heating systems (SWH) installed by businesses, non-profits, and local governments. For PV systems, incentives are set at $60 per kilowatt (kW) for systems of less than 100 kW

151

The Commercial Energy Consumer: About Whom Are We Speaking? Christopher Payne, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In particular, it argues that the primary energy policy model of commercial sector energy consumption is a top energy consumption and energy efficiency investment? The energy policy field has not done a thorough job of describing energy consumption in the commercial sector. First, the discussion of the commercial sector itself

152

Commercial and Industrial Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial and Industrial Rebate Program Commercial and Industrial Rebate Program Commercial and Industrial Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate $1000/kW Program Info Funding Source Connecticut Ratepayers Federally-Mandated Congestion Charges State Connecticut Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Up to 100% of project cost Provider Ameresco Note: Contact the program administrator before making investment decisions; this program requires pre-approval. Connecticut electricity customers that install energy efficiency equipment

153

Commercial Building Energy Asset Score - 2014 BTO Peer Review...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory One of the primary market barriers to enhancing energy efficiency in the commercial building sector is that building owners and investors...

154

300kW Energy Storage Demonstration Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

kW Energy Storage Demonstration kW Energy Storage Demonstration Project Technical Overview Presented at: Annual Doe Peer Review Meeting ─ 2008 DOE Energy Storage & Power Electronics Research Programs By Ib I. Olsen September 29, 2008 116 John Street - Suite 2320 New York, New York 10038 (p) 1.212.732.5507 (f) 1.212.732.5597 www.gaiapowertech.com This project is part of the Joint Energy Storage Initiative between the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) and the Energy Storage Systems Program of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE/ESS), and managed by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). Sandia is a multi-program laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration, under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000

155

Entergy Texas - Residential and Small Commercial Standard Offer Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Entergy Texas - Residential and Small Commercial Standard Offer Entergy Texas - Residential and Small Commercial Standard Offer Program Entergy Texas - Residential and Small Commercial Standard Offer Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Low-Income Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate Large Projects: 12.5% of total budget; or $237,500 (Residential); $162,500 for Hard-To-Reach A/C and Heat Pump Program: $40,000 Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Residential Standard Offer: $250/kW + $0.081/kWh Hard To Reach Standard Offer Program (all measures except CFL): $440/kW +

156

Modesto Irrigation District - Custom Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Modesto Irrigation District - Custom Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Modesto Irrigation District - Custom Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Rebate caps are adjusted according to MID's electric rate schedule they vary from $15,000 - $500,000. Exemptions from rebate caps can be requested. Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting Measures: $250/kW reduced or $.04/kWh reduced Insulation Measures: $250/kW reduced or $.04/kWh reduced

157

Burbank Water and Power - Residential and Commercial Solar Support Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Burbank Water and Power - Residential and Commercial Solar Support Burbank Water and Power - Residential and Commercial Solar Support Program Burbank Water and Power - Residential and Commercial Solar Support Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Low-Income Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Water Heating Maximum Rebate Maximum payment of 400,000 per year for performance-based incentives Program Info Start Date 1/1/2010 Expiration Date 12/31/2016 State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount PV rebates will be awarded via lottery on August 12, 2013 Residential PV: $1.28/W CEC-AC Commercial PV (less than 30 kW): $0.97/W CEC-AC Commercial PV (30 kW or larger): ineligible at this time Solar Water Heaters (residential domestic hot water only; not pools):

158

Hutchinson Utilities Commission - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hutchinson Utilities Commission - Commercial Energy Efficiency Hutchinson Utilities Commission - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program Hutchinson Utilities Commission - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Other Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate $2,000 Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting: $300 per kW saved LED Exit Signs: $12 Occupancy Sensors: $20 - $40 Air Conditioning Systems: $20 - $40 per ton Air-Source Heat Pumps: $65 - $150 per ton Geothermal Heat Pumps: $150 per ton Chillers: $3,000 - $4,000, depending on size Chilled Water Resets: $350 - $900, depending on type and size

159

Public Sector New Construction and Retrofit Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Public Sector New Construction and Retrofit Program Public Sector New Construction and Retrofit Program Public Sector New Construction and Retrofit Program < Back Eligibility Fed. Government Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Appliances & Electronics Ventilation Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Insulation Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Bonus maximum: $100,000 All incentives: $2.50/sq. ft. (base plus bonus), $300,000, 75% of project costs, and 100% of incremental costs Program Info Funding Source Illinois Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (EEPS) surcharge for Ameren,

160

Energy Efficiency Financing for Public Sector Projects (California) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Financing for Public Sector Projects (California) Energy Efficiency Financing for Public Sector Projects (California) Energy Efficiency Financing for Public Sector Projects (California) < Back Eligibility Institutional Local Government Schools Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Energy Sources Solar Wind Maximum Rebate $3 million Program Info State California Program Type State Loan Program Provider California Energy Commission Cities, counties, public care institutions, public hospitals, public schools and colleges, and special districts in California can apply for low-interest loans from the California Energy Commission for energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

40 kW Stirling engine for solid fuel  

SciTech Connect

The external combustion in a Stirling engine makes it very attractive for utilization of solid fuels in decentralized combined heat and power (CHP) plants. Only few projects have concentrated on the development of Stirling engines specifically for biomass. In this project a Stirling engine has been designed primarily for utilization of wood chips. Maximum shaft power is 40 kW corresponding to an electric output of 36 kW. Biomass needs more space in the combustion chamber compared to gas and liquid fuels, and a large heat transfer area is necessary. The design of the new Stirling engine has been adapted to the special demands of combustion of wood chips, resulting in a large engine compared to engines for gas or liquid fuels. The engine has four-cylinders arranged in a square. The design is made as a hermetic unit, where the alternator is built into the pressurized crankcase so that dynamic seals are avoided. Grease lubricated bearings are used in a special designed crank mechanism, which eliminates guiding forces on the pistons Helium is used as working gas at 4 MPa mean pressure. The first test of the 40 kW engine with natural gas as fuel has been made in the laboratory, and the results are in agreement with predicted results from simulation programs. The wood chips combustion system has been tested for some time with very promising results. When the laboratory test of the engine is finished, the test of the complete system will be initiated. The paper describes the engine and results from the test program. Expectations to maintenance and operation problems are also discussed.

Carlsen, H. [Technical Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby (Denmark). Dept. for Energy Engineering; Ammundsen, N. [Voelund R and D Centre, Kolding (Denmark); Traerup, J. [REKA A/S, Aars (Denmark)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

162

Evaluation of NH3-SCR Catalyst Technology on a 250-kW Stationary...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

NH3-SCR Catalyst Technology on a 250-kW Stationary Diesel Genset Evaluation of NH3-SCR Catalyst Technology on a 250-kW Stationary Diesel Genset 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions...

163

Progress Energy Carolinas - Commercial and Industrial Energy-Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Industrial and Industrial Energy-Efficiency Program Progress Energy Carolinas - Commercial and Industrial Energy-Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Schools Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate Custom Projects: 75% of the incremental measure costs Technical Efficiency Studies: 50% of cost up to $10,000-$20,000 Design Incentive (New Construction): $50,000 Program Info Expiration Date 1/1/2013 State North Carolina Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: $0.08 per kW hour saved annually

164

OGE - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OGE - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs OGE - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs OGE - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount T5/T8 Lamps (T12 Replacements): $4 - $8/fixture Fluorescent Fixtures (HID Replacements): $52/watt (400 watt fixture replaced); $102 (750 watt fixture replaced) Hardwired CFLs (Incandescent Lamp Replacement): $8 - $11/fixture LED Exit Signs: $5 Lighting Sensors/Controls: $160/kW of reduced peak demand New Construction Lighting: $160/kW of reduced peak demand Geothermal Heat Pump: $375/ton Standard Offer (HVAC, Motors, Compressed Air, Performance Contracting):

165

Carbon Power and Light - Residential and Commercial Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Carbon Power and Light - Residential and Commercial Energy Carbon Power and Light - Residential and Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Carbon Power and Light - Residential and Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Manufacturing Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate Water Heater: $75 Program Info State Wyoming Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Water Heater: $1.50 - $3 /gallon, plus $50 Tri-State G&T incentive Resistive Heat: $8 /kW Electric Thermal Storage: $50 /unit or $12 /kW Air-Source Heat Pump: $125 - $150 /ton Geothermal Heat Pump: $150 /ton Terminal Unit: $85 Motors: $8 - $13 /hp (CPL and Tri-State Combined Rebate) Provider Carbon Power and Light, Inc.

166

Table 3. Top Five Retailers of Electricity, with End Use Sectors...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of Provider","All Sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Public Service Co of NH","Investor-Owned",4600990,3030181,1391043,179766,0...

167

Table 3. Top Five Retailers of Electricity, with End Use Sectors...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Colorado" ,"Entity","Type of Provider","All Sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Public Service Co of Colorado","Investor-Owned",28786033,9192981,12...

168

Table 3. Top Five Retailers of Electricity, with End Use Sectors...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Provider","All Sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"First Energy Solutions Corp.","Investor-Owned",18912606,3579076,8038708,7294822,0...

169

Table 3. Top Five Retailers of Electricity, with End Use Sectors...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of Provider","All Sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Entergy Arkansas Inc","Investor-Owned",21086842,7858971,6302526,6925231,114 2,"Southwestern...

170

Table 3. Top Five Retailers of Electricity, with End Use Sectors...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of Provider","All Sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Entergy Mississippi Inc","Investor-Owned",13272532,5550307,5322525,2399700,0 2,"Mississippi...

171

Table 3. Top Five Retailers of Electricity, with End Use Sectors...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of Provider","All Sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Green Mountain Power Corp","Investor-Owned",2477751,835602,896610,745539,0 2,"Central...

172

Table 3. Top Five Retailers of Electricity, with End Use Sectors...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Connecticut" ,"Entity","Type of Provider","All Sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Connecticut Light & Power Co","Investor-Owned",7162779,5456175,1...

173

Table 3. Top Five Retailers of Electricity, with End Use Sectors...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mexico" ,"Entity","Type of Provider","All Sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Public Service Co of NM","Investor-Owned",9396214,3323544,4301354,177...

174

Entergy Arkansas - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Programs |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Entergy Arkansas - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Entergy Arkansas - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Programs Entergy Arkansas - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Programs < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Feasibility Study: 25% of cost Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Small Business Energy Solutions (under 100kW): $0.21 - $0.50/kwh first year savings Large Commercial/Industrial (Prescriptive): $0.09/kwh first year savings Large Commercial/Industrial (Custom): $0.07 - $0.15/kwh first year savings

175

Data:B2b84d86-deb1-49a5-86e9-aba5bdd30a61 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electric Heat Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder Kelly 3 ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW):...

176

Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Major Characteristics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Major Characteristics of All Commercial Buildings in 2003 Major Characteristics of All Commercial Buildings in 2003 CBECS data are used to answer basic questions about the commercial buildings sector, such as: What types are there? How large are they? How old are they? and Where are they? Results from the 2003 CBECS show that: The commercial buildings sector is not dominated by a single building type. Office buildings, the most common type of commercial building, account for 17 percent of buildings, floorspace, and energy consumed. Commercial buildings range widely in size and smaller buildings are much more numerous than larger buildings. The smallest buildings (1,001 to 5,000 square feet) account for 53 percent of buildings, but consume only 11 percent of total energy. The largest buildings (those larger than 500,000 square feet)

177

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Commercial sector energy demand Commercial sector energy demand For commercial buildings, pace of decline in energy intensity depends on technology figure data Average delivered energy consumption per square foot of commercial floorspace declines at an annual rate of 0.4 percent from 2011 to 2040 in the AEO2013 Reference case (Figure 59), while commercial floorspace grows by 1.0 percent per year. Natural gas consumption increases at about one-half the rate of delivered electricity consumption, which grows by 0.8 percent per year in the Reference case. With ongoing improvements in equipment efficiency and building shells, the growth of energy consumption declines more rapidly than commercial floorspace increases, and the average energy intensity of commercial buildings is reduced. Three alternative technology cases show the effects of efficiency

178

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Commercial sector energy demand Commercial sector energy demand For commercial buildings, pace of decline in energy intensity depends on technology figure data Average delivered energy consumption per square foot of commercial floorspace declines at an annual rate of 0.4 percent from 2011 to 2040 in the AEO2013 Reference case (Figure 59), while commercial floorspace grows by 1.0 percent per year. Natural gas consumption increases at about one-half the rate of delivered electricity consumption, which grows by 0.8 percent per year in the Reference case. With ongoing improvements in equipment efficiency and building shells, the growth of energy consumption declines more rapidly than commercial floorspace increases, and the average energy intensity of commercial buildings is reduced. Three alternative technology cases show the effects of efficiency

179

Electric Power Interruption Cost Estimates for Individual Industries, Sectors, and the U.S. Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Lehtonen et at. 1995) Finland 1992 1993 Industrial- US$15.79/kW - I-Hour Interruption Commercial - US$17.86/kW - I-Hour Interruption Residential- US$3.16/kW - I-Hour Interruption Lehtonen and Lemstroem (Lehtonen et al. 1995) Iceland 1992 1993.... VTT Energy. Jyvaskyla, Finland. (1995). 9. New York City Office of Economic Development. Statistical Profile of Emergency Aid Corrunission Applications. New York, New York. (1977). 10. Ontario Hydro. Ontario Hydro Survey on Power System...

Balducci, P. J.; Roop, J. M.; Schienbein, L. A.; DeSteese, J. G.; Weimar, M. R.

180

Commercial Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial Performance Commercial Performance Objectives: To review the market potential for improvements in commercial building glazings, quantify the energy savings potentials, explore potential design solutions, and develop guidelines and tools for building designers so that systems are specified and used in an optimal manner. A special emphasis is placed on the daylighting performance of glazings in commercial buildings since lighting is the single largest energy end use and daylighting can improve both visual performance and the quality of the indoor space as well as saving energy. Technical Approach: This project has two major complementary elements. The first is the exploration and assessment of glazing performance in commercial buildings leading to development of design strategies that reduce unnecessary energy use. The final step is creating design guides and tools that make this design knowledge accessible to practitioners, typically carried out in partnership with others. Although the emphasis is energy impacts, e.g. annual energy use, the performance issues addressed in the guides and tools include all that impact the final glazing selection process, e.g. appearance, glare. The second element is an exploration of daylighting strategies for commercial buildings since lighting energy use is the major energy end use in most buildings. This work develops and evaluates new daylighting devices and designs, assesses performance in commercial buildings, and demonstrates system performance using test cells, test rooms and case study buildings. All energy-related aspects of the design solutions, as well as other critical performance issues, are addressed in this work. Results of this work are integrated into the guides and tools described above. Much of this work has been co-supported by utilities and has been carried on in conjunction with participants in an International Energy Agency Daylighting Task.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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181

AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Insulation Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info Funding Source AEP Texas (Central, North and SWEPCO) Companies State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $0.060/kWh and $175/kW in first year savings Provider AEP Texas Central The no-cost Commercial Solutions Program is designed to help businesses,

182

Idaho Power - Large Commercial Custom Efficiency Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large Commercial Custom Efficiency Program Large Commercial Custom Efficiency Program Idaho Power - Large Commercial Custom Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Manufacturing Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Commercial and Industrial: 70% of project cost Custom Incentive for Existing Irrigation System Replacement: up to 75% of the total project cost Custom Incentive for a New Irrigation System: up to 10% of the total project cost Program Info Funding Source Conservation Program Funding Charge State Idaho Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Commercial and Industrial: $0.12/kWh saved Agricultural Irrigation Efficiency: $0.25/annual kWh saved or $450/kW

183

Public Sector Electric Efficiency Programs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Public Sector Electric Efficiency Programs Public Sector Electric Efficiency Programs Public Sector Electric Efficiency Programs < Back Eligibility Fed. Government Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Other Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Maximum Rebate $300,000 per location Total incentive may not exceed 75% of project cost (equipment + labor) or 100% of incremental measure cost Program Info Funding Source Illinois Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (EEPS) surcharge for ComEd, Ameren subsidiary customers Start Date 06/01/2008 State Illinois Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Standard Incentive Program: Varies by technology

184

Sector 1 welcome  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Welcome to Sector 1 of the Advanced Photon Source (APS) located at Argonne Welcome to Sector 1 of the Advanced Photon Source (APS) located at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). The Sector 1 beamlines are operated by the Materials Physics & Engineering Group (MPE) of the APS X-ray Science Division (XSD). Sector 1 consists of the 1-ID and 1-BM beamlines, and 80% of the available beamtime is accessible to outside users through the General User program. The main programs pursued at Sector 1 are described below. 1-ID is dedicated to providing and using brilliant, high-energy x-ray beams (50-150 keV) for the following activities: Coupled high-energy small- and wide-angle scattering (HE-SAXS/WAXS) High-energy diffraction microscopy (HEDM) Sector 1 General Layout Stress/strain/texture studies Pair-distribution function (PDF) measurements

185

Buildings Sector Working Group  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

heating, cooking, lighting, and refrigeration * Hurdle rates - Update using latest Johnson Controls reports regarding commercial investment decisions * ENERGY STAR buildings -...

186

Dynamic simulation of 10 kW Brayton cryocooler for HTS cable  

SciTech Connect

Dynamic simulation of a Brayton cryocooler is presented as a partial effort of a Korean governmental project to develop 1?3 km HTS cable systems at transmission level in Jeju Island. Thermodynamic design of a 10 kW Brayton cryocooler was completed, and a prototype construction is underway with a basis of steady-state operation. This study is the next step to investigate the transient behavior of cryocooler for two purposes. The first is to simulate and design the cool-down process after scheduled or unscheduled stoppage. The second is to predict the transient behavior following the variation of external conditions such as cryogenic load or outdoor temperature. The detailed specifications of key components, including plate-fin heat exchangers and cryogenic turbo-expanders are incorporated into a commercial software (Aspen HYSYS) to estimate the temporal change of temperature and flow rate over the cryocooler. An initial cool-down scenario and some examples on daily variation of cryocooler are presented and discussed, aiming at stable control schemes of a long cable system.

Chang, Ho-Myung; Park, Chan Woo [Hong Ik University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Seoul, 121-791 (Korea, Republic of); Yang, Hyung Suk; Hwang, Si Dole [KEPCO Research Institute, Daejeon, 305-760 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

187

Dynamic simulation of 10 kW Brayton cryocooler for HTS cable  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dynamic simulation of a Brayton cryocooler is presented as a partial effort of a Korean governmental project to develop 1?3 km HTS cable systems at transmission level in Jeju Island. Thermodynamic design of a 10 kW Brayton cryocooler was completed and a prototype construction is underway with a basis of steady-state operation. This study is the next step to investigate the transient behavior of cryocooler for two purposes. The first is to simulate and design the cool-down process after scheduled or unscheduled stoppage. The second is to predict the transient behavior following the variation of external conditions such as cryogenic load or outdoor temperature. The detailed specifications of key components including plate-fin heat exchangers and cryogenic turbo-expanders are incorporated into a commercial software (Aspen HYSYS) to estimate the temporal change of temperature and flow rate over the cryocooler. An initial cool-down scenario and some examples on daily variation of cryocooler are presented and discussed aiming at stable control schemes of a long cable system.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

225-kW Dynamometer for Testing Small Wind Turbine Components (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes the capabilities, operating envelope, loads and components of the 225-kW dynamometer at the NWTC.

Not Available

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Structural Analyses of Wind Turbine Tower for 3 kW Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Structure analyses of a steel tower for Cal Poly's 3 kW small wind turbine is presented. First, some general design aspects of the wind (more)

Gwon, Tae gyun (Tom)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Alliance for Chinese Electric Vehicle Development and Commercialization |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development and Commercialization Development and Commercialization Jump to: navigation, search Name Alliance for Chinese Electric Vehicle Development and Commercialization Place China Sector Vehicles Product China-based alliance announced in January 2010 for speeding up the commercialization and achieving mass adoption of Pure Electronic Vehicles (Pure EVs) in China. References Alliance for Chinese Electric Vehicle Development and Commercialization[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Alliance for Chinese Electric Vehicle Development and Commercialization is a company located in China . References ↑ "Alliance for Chinese Electric Vehicle Development and Commercialization"

191

Commercial Norms, Commercial Codes, and International Commercial Arbitration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The article defends the incorporation of commercial norms into commercial codes, through provisions such as statute 1-205 of the Uniform Commercial Code. It finds significant reliance on trade usages in international ...

Drahozal, Christopher R.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

NEXT GENERATION COMMERCIAL HEAT PUMPWATER HEATER USING CARBON DIOXIDE USING DIFFERENT IMPROVEMENT APPROACHES  

SciTech Connect

Although heat pump water heaters are today widely accepted in Japan, where energy costs are high and government incentives for their use exist, acceptance of such a product in the U.S. has been slow. This trend is slowly changing with the introduction of heat pump water heaters into the residential market, but remains in the commercial sector. Barriers to heat pump water heater acceptance in the commercial market have historically been performance, reliability and first/operating costs. The use of carbon dioxide (R744) as the refrigerant in such a system can improve performance for relatively small increase in initial cost and make this technology more appealing. What makes R744 an excellent candidate for use in heat pump water heaters is not only the wide range of ambient temperatures within which it can operate, but also the excellent ability to match water to refrigerant temperatures on the high side, resulting in very high exit water temperatures of up to 82?ºC, as required by sanitary codes in the U.S. (Food Code, 2005), in a single pass, temperatures that are much more difficult to reach with other refrigerants. This can be especially attractive in applications where this water is used for the purpose of sanitation. While reliability has also been of concern historically, dramatic improvements have been made over the last several years through research done in the automotive industry and commercialization of R744 technology in residential water heating mainly in Japan. This paper presents the performance results from the development of an R744 commercial heat pump water heater of approximately 35 kW and a comparison to a baseline R134a unit of the same capacity and footprint. In addition, recommendations are made for further improvements of the R744 system which could result in possible energy savings of up to 20 %.

Chad Bowers; Michael Petersen; Stefan Elbel; Pega Hrnjak

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Poudre Valley REA - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program (Colorado) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Lighting Rebate Program (Colorado) Commercial Lighting Rebate Program (Colorado) Poudre Valley REA - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program (Colorado) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Commercial Lighting Retrofit: 50% of equipment cost, $20,000 LED Street Lighting/Induction Street Lighting: $20,000 Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount LED Refrigerated Case Lighting (Top Lighting): $60 per ln ft LED Refrigerated Case Lighting (Case Lighting): $60 per door LED Street Lighting: $44 - $475 per fixture Induction Street Lighting: $33 - $355 per fixture Commercial Lighting Retrofit: $250 per kW saved Provider Poudre Valley REA Poudre Valley Rural Electric Association (PVREA), a Touchstone Energy

194

AEP Ohio - Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AEP Ohio - Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency Rebate AEP Ohio - Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) AEP Ohio - Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Local Government Municipal Utility Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Maximum Rebate General: 50% of total project cost; Contact AEP Ohio Design Incentives: 50% of cost up to $50,000 Program Info State Ohio Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: $0.08/kWh first year savings and $100/peak kW reduction

195

Estes Park Light and Power Department - Commercial and Industrial Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estes Park Light and Power Department - Commercial and Industrial Estes Park Light and Power Department - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Estes Park Light and Power Department - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Manufacturing Other Construction Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate $50,000 per year Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom Energy Incentive: $0.10 per annual kWh saved Demand Incentive: $500 per kW saved during Summer Peak Period Cooling Efficiency Room AC: $50 - $110/ton, plus $3.50 - $5.00 for each 0.1 above minimum

196

AEP Ohio - Commercial Custom Project Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Commercial Custom Project Rebate Program - Commercial Custom Project Rebate Program AEP Ohio - Commercial Custom Project Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate 50% of cost up to $300,000/project $600,000/year Sliding scale incentive reduction when calculated incentive exceeds $160,000/project. Program Info State Ohio Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount 0.08/kWh (for one year energy savings) plus 100/kW AEP's demand reduction (at summer peak) Provider AEP Ohio AEP Ohio offers commercial customers incentives to upgrade inefficient

197

Kissimmee Utility Authority - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Kissimmee Utility Authority - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Lighting Retrofit: $2,500 Program Info State Florida Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Duct Leak Repair: up to $75 Central AC Maintenance: up to $50 Heat Pump: $225 Insulation: up to $100 CFLs: up to $15 LED Exit Signs: $25 Lighting Retrofit: $150/kW Provider Senior Energy Conservation Specialist Kissimmee Utility Authority (KUA) offers several rebates to commercial customers for energy efficiency improvements. Rebates are available for HVAC maintenance, heat pumps, duct leak repairs, insulation, LED exit signs

198

AEP Ohio - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AEP Ohio - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program AEP Ohio - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program AEP Ohio - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Construction Commercial Weatherization Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Small Business Express Approved Technologies: up to 100% of cost General Service Tariffs 1, 2 and 3: $600,000 per year General Service Tariff 4: $600,000 overall for years 2012-2014 Central Energy Management Controls: $10,000/facility Program Info State Ohio Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: $0.08/kWh first year savings and $100/peak kW reduction

199

City Utilities of Springfield - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utilities of Springfield - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Utilities of Springfield - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program City Utilities of Springfield - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Multi-Family Residential Schools Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Maximum Rebate All Lighting: 5,000 Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Programmable Thermostats: $15 Lighting Audit: Free Energy Audit: Free LED Exit Signs: $15/unit High Bay Lighting: $200/kW reduced Lighting Controls/Sensors: $15 per wall/switch mounted unit; $25 per ceiling/fixture mounted unit Provider City Utilities of Springfield, Missouri City Utilities of Springfield offers incentives for commercial customers to

200

Miscellaneous Electricity Services in the Buildings Sector (released in AEO2007)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Residential and commercial electricity consumption for miscellaneous services has grown significantly in recent years and currently accounts for more electricity use than any single major end-use service in either sector (including space heating, space cooling, water heating, and lighting). In the residential sector, a proliferation of consumer electronics and information technology equipment has driven much of the growth. In the commercial sector, telecommunications and network equipment and new advances in medical imaging have contributed to recent growth in miscellaneous electricity use.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Public Sector Energy Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Capitol dome Capitol dome Public Sector Energy Efficiency Research on sustainable federal operations supports the implementation of sustainable policies and practices in the public sector. This work serves as a bridge between the technology development of Department of Energy's National Laboratories and the operational needs of public sector. Research activities involve many aspects of integrating sustainability into buildings and government practices, including technical assistance for sustainable building design, operations, and maintenance; project financing for sustainable facilities; institutional change in support of sustainability policy goals; and procurement of sustainable products. All of those activities are supported by our work on program and project evaluation, which analyzes overall program effectiveness while ensuring

202

Table A5. Commercial sector indicators and consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

based on: U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Monthly Energy Review, DOEEIA-0035(201309) (Washington, DC, September 2013). 2011 and 2012 degree days based on...

203

Commercial Building Asset Rating Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 eere.energy.gov 1 eere.energy.gov Commercial Building Asset Rating Program August 23, 2011 12 p.m. ET, 9 a.m. PT Presenter: Cody Taylor PRE-DECISIONAL Information included in this document is for discussion purposes and does not constitute the final program design. FOR INFORMATION ONLY 2 eere.energy.gov Outline * Goals * Scope & schedule * Guiding principles * Program design issues - Metrics - Rating method - Rating scale - Opportunities for efficiency improvement - Quality assurance Please submit clarifying questions during today's webinar via the Q&A function of Live Meeting. 3 eere.energy.gov National Building Rating Program Goals * Facilitate cost-effective investment in energy efficiency and reduce energy use in the commercial building sector * Establish a national standard for voluntary commercial building asset rating

204

Photo of the Week: Argonne's 10 kW Wind Turbine | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Photo of the Week: Argonne's 10 kW Wind Turbine Photo of the Week: Argonne's 10 kW Wind Turbine Photo of the Week: Argonne's 10 kW Wind Turbine November 9, 2012 - 11:57am Addthis At Argonne National Laboratory, the power generated by this 10 kW wind turbine helps scientists and engineers study the interaction of wind energy, electric vehicle charging and grid technology. The turbine is also estimated to offset more than 10 metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions annually. Learn more about renewable energy research at Argonne. | Photo courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory. At Argonne National Laboratory, the power generated by this 10 kW wind turbine helps scientists and engineers study the interaction of wind

205

Site Visit Report, Hanford Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW - August 2011 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW - August Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW - August 2011 Site Visit Report, Hanford Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW - August 2011 August 2011 Hanford Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW Final Safety Analysis Report Review This report documents the results of a review conducted by the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) of selected aspects of the 105-KW Basin Final Safety Analysis Report (HNF-SD-WM-SAR-062, Revision 14C) for the Sludge Treatment Project at the Hanford Site. HSS's review of the K-West Basin FSAR found it to be generally adequate with respect to the scope of this review. However, some aspects of the FSAR accident analyses of two events may warrant further review: MCO transport cask drop into the K-Basin, and the fire accident event involving the cask

206

Sector 6 Research Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MM-Group Home MM-Group Home MMG Advisory Committees Beamlines 4-ID-C Soft Spectroscopy 4-ID-D Hard Spectroscopy 6-ID-B,C Mag. Scattering 6-ID-D HighE Scattering 29-ID IEX - ARPES,RSXS Getting Beamtime Sector Orientation Sector 4 Orientation Sector 6 Orientation Publications (4-ID) Publications (6-ID) Contact Us APS Ring Status Current APS Schedule Highlights of research on Sector 6 Teasing Out the Nature of Structural Instabilities in Ceramic Compounds Teasing Out the Nature of Structural Instabilities in Ceramic Compounds March 12, 2013 Researchers have used beamlines 6-ID-B at the APS and XmAS at the ESRF to probe the structure of the rare-earth magnetic material europium titanate. In a magnetic field, the optical properties of this system change quite dramatically, presenting hope of a strong magneto-electric material for potential use in new memory, processing, and sensor devices.

207

Testing of a 50-kW wind-diesel hybrid system at the National Wind Technology Center  

SciTech Connect

To further the development of commercial hybrid power systems, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), in collaboration with the New World Village Power Corporation (NWVP), tested a NWVP 50-kW wind-diesel hybrid system connected to a 15/50 Atlantic Orient Corporation (AOC) wind turbine. Testing was conducted from October 1995 through March 1996 at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). A main objective of the testing was to better understand the application of wind turbines to weak grids typical of small villages. Performance results contained in this paper include component characterization, such as power conversion losses for the rotary converter systems and battery round trip efficiencies. In addition, systems operation over this period is discussed with special attention given to dynamic issues. Finally, future plans for continued testing and research are discussed.

Corbus, D.A.; Green, J.; Allderdice, A.; Rand, K.; Bianchi, J. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Linton, E. [New World Village Power, Waitsfield, VT (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Development of a 5 kW Cooling Capacity Ammonia-water Absorption Chiller for Solar Cooling Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of a small capacity absorption chiller and the numerical and experimental results are presented in this paper. The prototype is a thermally driven ammonia-water absorption chiller of 5kW cooling capacity for solar cooling applications. The chiller was developed in an industrial perspective with a goal of overall compactness and using commercially available components. In order to characterize various component technologies and different optimization components, the prototype is monitored with temperature, pressure and mass flow rate accurate sensors. The resulting chiller, characterized by a reduced load in ammonia-water solution and the use of brazed plate heat exchanger, has shown good performance during the preliminary tests. A comparison with the expected numerical results is given.

Franois Boudhenn; Hlne Demasles; Jol Wyttenbach; Xavier Jobard; David Chze; Philippe Papillon

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

UES - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

UES - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program UES - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program UES - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Local Government Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Home Weatherization Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate 85% of incremental costs up to $10,000 per customer per year. For customers who have a demand load of 500KW or greater, the cap is increased to $50,000 per year for each year that the program is in effect. Program Info Start Date 1/1/2009 State Arizona Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator Doors: $120/door

210

Omaha Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Omaha Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Omaha Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Omaha Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Lighting: $20,000 or up to 20% of cost Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Fluorescent Lighting: $5 - $32/fixture High Intensity Discharge Lighting: $5 - $75/unit Exit Sign: $5/unit LED Lighting: $6 - $55/unit Incandescent: $4 - $8 Lamp Upgrade: $1 - $1.50/unit Custom Lighting Measures: Contact Utility Heat Pump: $50/nominal ton Innovative Energy Efficiency Project: 50% of study cost and $400/kW of peak

211

Florida Public Utilities - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Public Utilities - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Public Utilities - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Florida Public Utilities - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Home Weatherization Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Lamp Only Lighting Upgrade: $100 Window Film: $100 Program Info State Florida Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Ballast and Lamp Lighting Upgrade: $0.10/watt saved Lamp Only Lighting Upgrade: $0.025/watt saved AC/Heat Pump: $100 Window Film: $0.50/sq. ft. Chiller: Up to $100/kW Provider Florida Public Utilities Florida Public Utilities offers the Energy for Life Conservation program to

212

Otter Tail Power Company - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Otter Tail Power Company - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Otter Tail Power Company - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Otter Tail Power Company - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Maximum Rebate Water Heaters: $5,000 Lighting: over $4,500 must be preapproved Program Info State South Dakota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting (Hard-Wired Systems): $0.20/watt of demand reduction Lighting (Screw-In CFL/LED): $0.05/watt of demand reduction Motors: $20 - $3,000 Air Source Heat Pumps: $160 Geothermal Heat Pumps: $350 Water Heaters: $150 - $300; or $20/kw Thermal Storage: $20 - $40

213

CPS Energy - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebates | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CPS Energy - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebates CPS Energy - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebates CPS Energy - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebates < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Home Weatherization Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate AC: 50% of project cost Lighting: 50% of project cost Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting: varies widely by fixture and application Central AC/Heat Pumps: $65/ton, $150/ton Custom Programs: $0.08/kWh; $200 per peak kW Provider CPS Energy CPS Energy, San Antonio's municipal electric utility, offers energy

214

Alexandria Light and Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alexandria Light and Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Alexandria Light and Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Alexandria Light and Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Manufacturing Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Home Weatherization Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate All Incentives: Limited to 75% of total project cost Custom Program: $100,000 per calendar year per customer Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Targeted Audit: Varies by building type and size Lighting (New Construction): Varies widely Lighting (Existing Buildings): Varies widely Custom Measures: $300 kW; $0.01/kWh; $0.40/Therm

215

Golden Valley Electric Association - Commercial Lighting Retrofit Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Lighting Retrofit Commercial Lighting Retrofit Rebate Program Golden Valley Electric Association - Commercial Lighting Retrofit Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate $20,000 per project Program Info State Alaska Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Up to $1,000/kW or 50% of the project cost Provider Golden Valley Electric Association BusBusiness $ense is a Golden Valley Electric Association (GVEA) program designed to increase the efficiency with which energy is used on GVEA's system. It provides rebates of up to $20,000 to existing facilities receiving the commercial rate who reduce their lighting loads through energy efficient lighting retrofit projects. Facilities on GVEA's

216

Oncor Electric Delivery - Large Commercial and Industrial Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oncor Electric Delivery - Large Commercial and Industrial Rebate Oncor Electric Delivery - Large Commercial and Industrial Rebate Program Oncor Electric Delivery - Large Commercial and Industrial Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Manufacturing Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Home Weatherization Insulation Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Solar Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate General: 20% of the incentive budget in a given budget year Contact Oncor for additional details Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount DX Air Conditioning: $285.30/kW; $0.09/kWh

217

Delta-Montrose Electric Association - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Energy Efficiency Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Delta-Montrose Electric Association - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Lighting Replacement Program: $20,000 LED Refrigerator Case Lighting: $3,000 Street/Area Lighting (LED and Induction): $20,000 Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Central Air Source Heat Pump: $125 - $150/ton; plus $150 Energy Star bonus Terminal Units: $85/unit; plus $150 Energy Star bonus Lighting Replacement Program: $250/kW saved LED Refrigerator Case Lighting: $60/door Street/Area Lighting (LED and Induction): 25% of head costs, up to

218

CenterPoint Energy - Commercial and Industrial Standard Offer Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CenterPoint Energy - Commercial and Industrial Standard Offer CenterPoint Energy - Commercial and Industrial Standard Offer Program CenterPoint Energy - Commercial and Industrial Standard Offer Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Home Weatherization Insulation Design & Remodeling Maximum Rebate Standard Offer: 20% of the annual incentive budget. Retro-Commissioning: up to $10,000 with matching customer contribution with simple payback in three years. Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Standard Offer Lighting (Fluorescent, HID, CFL): $120/kW; $0.04/kWh

219

Improving the Energy Efficiency of Commercial Buildings | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Buildings Commercial Buildings Improving the Energy Efficiency of Commercial Buildings Engaging Industry Leaders to Deploy Energy Saving Tools, Technologies and Best Practices Learn More Engaging Industry Leaders to Deploy Energy Saving Tools, Technologies and Best Practices Learn More The Building Technologies Office (BTO) works with the commercial building industry to accelerate the uptake of energy efficiency technologies and techniques in both existing and new commercial buildings. By developing, demonstrating, and deploying cost-effective solutions, BTO strives to reduce energy consumption across the commercial building sector by at least 1,600 TBtu. Key Tools and Resources Use the guides, case studies, and other tools developed by the DOE

220

List of Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Incentives | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Refrigeration Equipment Incentives Refrigeration Equipment Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 103 Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 103) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP Appalachian Power - Commercial and Industrial Rebate Programs (West Virginia) Utility Rebate Program West Virginia Commercial Industrial Central Air conditioners Chillers Custom/Others pending approval Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Programmable Thermostats Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Ground Source Heat Pumps Yes AEP Ohio - Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Commercial Industrial Local Government Municipal Utility

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Commercialization of sustainable energy technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Commercialization efforts to diffuse sustainable energy technologies (SETs11The \\{SETs\\} can be viewed as a portfolio of technologies, which are expected to use renewable energy resources as input to produce modern energy carriers. ) have so far remained as the biggest challenge in the field of renewable energy and energy efficiency. Limited success of diffusion through government driven pathways urges the need for market based approaches. This paper reviews the existing state of commercialization of \\{SETs\\} in the backdrop of the basic theory of technology diffusion. The different \\{SETs\\} in India are positioned in the technology diffusion map to reflect their slow state of commercialization. The dynamics of SET market is analysed to identify the issues, barriers and stakeholders in the process of SET commercialization. By upgrading the potential adopters to techno-entrepreneurs, the study presents the mechanisms for adopting a private sector driven business model approach for successful diffusion of SETs. This is expected to integrate the processes of market transformation and entrepreneurship development with innovative regulatory, marketing, financing, incentive and delivery mechanisms leading to SET commercialization.

P. Balachandra; Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan; B. Sudhakara Reddy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

City of San Jose - Private Sector Green Building Policy | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jose - Private Sector Green Building Policy Jose - Private Sector Green Building Policy City of San Jose - Private Sector Green Building Policy < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Program Info State California Program Type Building Energy Code Provider City of San Jose In October 2008, the City of San Jose enacted the Private Sector Green Building Policy (Policy No. 6-32). The policy was adopted in Ordinance No. 28622 in June, 2009. All new buildings must meet certain green building requirements in order to receive a building permit. Requirements are dependent on the size and type of the project. * Tier 1 Commercial Projects include commercial industrial projects

223

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Commercial Sector Energy Demand Commercial Sector Energy Demand On This Page End-use efficiency... Growth in electricity use... Core technologies... Improved interconnection... End-use efficiency improvements could lower energy consumption per capita The AEO2011 Reference case shows minimal change in commercial energy use per capita between 2009 and 2035 (Figure 62). While growth in commercial floorspace (1.2 percent per year) is faster than growth in population (0.9 percent per year), energy use per capita remains relatively steady due to efficiency improvements in equipment and building shells. Efficiency standards and the addition of more efficient technologies account for a large share of the improvement in the efficiency of end-use services, notably in space cooling, refrigeration, and lighting. figure data

224

400kW Geothermal Power Plant at Chena Hot Springs, Alaska | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Springs, Alaska Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: 400kW Geothermal Power Plant at Chena Hot Springs, Alaska Abstract This document...

225

Harbec Plastics: 750kW CHP Application - Project Profile | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Application - Project Profile This case study profiles Harbec Plastics' 750kW combined heat and power (CHP) project in Ontario, New York to improve plant-wide energy...

226

Results of actinometric measurements at location of LSF with thermal capacity of 1000 kW  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper considers the methods of measuring solar radiation and analyzes the long-term data obtained by actinometric measurements of solar radiation at the location of the LSF with a thermal capacity of 1000 kW ...

A. A. Abdurakhmanov; Yu. B. Sobirov; M. S. Paizullakhonov

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Optical power evolution in the Boeing 1 kW FEL oscillator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A four-dimensional simulation in x, y, z, and t, including betatron motion of the electrons, is used to study optical power evolution and the trapped-particle instability in the Boeing 1 kW FEL oscillator.

J. Blau; R.K. Wong; W.B. Colson

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Diffraction and pulse slippage in the Boeing 1 kW FEL oscillator  

SciTech Connect

A four-dimensional simulation in x, y, z, and t, including betatron motion of the electrons, is used to study the combined effects of diffraction, pulse slippage and desynchronism in the Boeing 1 kW FEL oscillator.

Blau, J.; Wong, R.K.; Colson, W.B. [Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

229

Researchers' Hottest New Laser Beams 14.2 kW | Jefferson Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Researchers' Hottest New Laser Beams 14.2 kW For more information: Office of Naval Research press release The linear accelerator portion of the FEL. On Thursday, Oct. 26,...

230

Commissioning the cryogenic system of the first LHC sector  

SciTech Connect

The LHC machine, composed of eight sectors with superconducting magnets and accelerating cavities, requires a complex cryogenic system providing high cooling capacities (18 kW equivalent at 4.5 K and 2.4 W at 1.8 K per sector produced in large cold boxes and distributed via 3.3-km cryogenic transfer lines). After individual reception tests of the cryogenic subsystems (cryogen storages, refrigerators, cryogenic transfer lines and distribution boxes) performed since 2000, the commissioning of the cryogenic system of the first LHC sector has been under way since November 2006. After a brief introduction to the LHC cryogenic system and its specificities, the commissioning is reported detailing the preparation phase (pressure and leak tests, circuit conditioning and flushing), the cool-down sequences including the handling of cryogenic fluids, the magnet powering phase and finally the warm-up. Preliminary conclusions on the commissioning of the first LHC sector will be drawn with the review of the critical points already solved or still pending. The last part of the paper reports on the first operational experience of the LHC cryogenic system in the perspective of the commissioning of the remaining LHC sectors and the beam injection test.

Millet, F.; Claudet, S.; Ferlin, G.; Perin, A.; Riddone, G.; Serio, L.; Soubiran, M.; Tavian, L.; /CERN; Ronayette, L.; /GHMFL, Grenoble; Rabehl, R.; /Fermilab

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Energy Efficiency and the Finance Sector | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the Finance Sector the Finance Sector Jump to: navigation, search Name Energy Efficiency and the Finance Sector Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Finance, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.unepfi.org/fileadmi References Energy Efficiency and the Finance Sector[1] Summary "This survey was carried out in 2008, when high and volatile oil prices, steadily rising demand for energy, and global imperatives, such as climate change, created significant renewed attention to energy efficiency - both in the policy and commercial world. UNEP Finance Initiative sought to provide an evidence base on current lending activities in the energy efficiency space, as well as views on this issue through a survey among

232

Property:Incentive/ImplSector | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ImplSector ImplSector Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Incentive/ImplSector Property Type String Description Implementing Sector. Pages using the property "Incentive/ImplSector" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2003 Climate Change Fuel Cell Buy-Down Program (Federal) + Federal + 3 30% Business Tax Credit for Solar (Vermont) + State/Territory + 4 401 Certification (Vermont) + State/Province + A AEP (Central and North) - CitySmart Program (Texas) + Utility + AEP (Central and North) - Residential Energy Efficiency Programs (Texas) + Utility + AEP (Central and SWEPCO) - Coolsaver A/C Tune Up (Texas) + Utility + AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program (Texas) + Utility + AEP (SWEPCO) - Residential Energy Efficiency Programs (Texas) + Utility +

233

Data:07b066c4-ce08-44f0-a5ef-5f4cabf1ebee | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Co (Oklahoma) Effective date: 20030801 End date if known: Rate name: Small Commercial Building Service (under 40 KW): Schedule CB Sector: Commercial Description: Source or...

234

Data:20a53b3f-31c0-4387-9a9a-babb6f8aa648 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Co (Kansas) Effective date: 20140501 End date if known: Rate name: Small Commercial Building Service <40kW Sector: Commercial Description: *AVAILABILITY: This schedule is...

235
236

By Sector, 2010 Nonprofit /  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% West USA 46% By Region, 2010 Consul9ng 9% Environment/Energy 7% Finance/Investment Banking 4Public 38% Private 44% By Sector, 2010 Nonprofit / Mul9lateral 18% Asia 32% East USA 22 4% Manufacturing 3% Market Research 4% Media 3% Other 6% Technology 12% Think Tank 2

Tsien, Roger Y.

237

Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Reforms in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Reforms in Africa Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.uneca.org/eca_programmes/nrid/pubs/powersectorreport.pdf UN Region: Eastern Africa References: Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Reforms in Africa[1] Overview "This study assesses the socio-economic and environmental impacts of power

238

1992 Commercial Buildings Characteristics -- Overview/Executive Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Overview Overview Overview Percent of Buildings and Floorspace by Census Region, 1992 Percent of Buildings and Floorspace By Census Region divider line Executive Summary Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992 presents statistics about the number, type, and size of commercial buildings in the United States as well as their energy-related characteristics. These data are collected in the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), a national survey of buildings in the commercial sector. The 1992 CBECS is the fifth in a series conducted since 1979 by the Energy Information Administration. Approximately 6,600 commercial buildings were surveyed, representing the characteristics and energy consumption of 4.8 million commercial buildings and 67.9 billion square feet of commercial floorspace nationwide. Overall, the amount of commercial floorspace in the United States increased an average of 2.4 percent annually between 1989 and 1992, while the number of commercial buildings increased an average of 2.0 percent annually.

239

Best Management Practice: Commercial Kitchen Equipment | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Best Management Practice: Commercial Kitchen Equipment Best Management Practice: Commercial Kitchen Equipment Best Management Practice: Commercial Kitchen Equipment October 8, 2013 - 9:42am Addthis Commercial kitchen equipment represents a large set of water users in the non-residential sector. Water efficiency for commercial kitchen equipment is especially important because high volume applications typically use mostly hot water. Ensuring commercial kitchen equipment uses water efficiently affords both significant water and energy savings. Water-using commercial kitchen equipment include pre-rinse spray valves, wash tanks and sinks, commercial dishwashers, food steamers, steam kettles, commercial ice makers, and combination ovens (combination oven/steamer). Operation and Maintenance To maintain water efficiency in operations and maintenance, Federal

240

Advanced Vehicle Electrification and Transportation Sector Electrifica...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Advanced Vehicle Electrification and Transportation Sector Electrification Advanced Vehicle Electrification & Transportation Sector...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

New and Underutilized Technology: Commercial Ground Source Heat Pumps |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Ground Source Heat Commercial Ground Source Heat Pumps New and Underutilized Technology: Commercial Ground Source Heat Pumps October 8, 2013 - 2:59pm Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations for commercial ground source heat pumps within the Federal sector. Benefits Commercial ground source heat pumps are ground source heat pump with loops that feed multiple packaged heat pumps and a single ground source water loop. Unit capacity is typically 1-10 tons and may be utilized in an array of multiple units to serve a large load. Application Condensing boilers are appropriate for housing, service, office, and research and development applications. Key Factors for Deployment FEMP has made great progress with commercial ground source heat pump technology deployment within the Federal sector. Primary barriers deal with

242

The National Energy Modeling System: An Overview 1998 - Commercial Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

COMMERCIAL DEMAND MODULE COMMERCIAL DEMAND MODULE blueball.gif (205 bytes) Floorspace Submodule blueball.gif (205 bytes) Energy Service Demand Submodule blueball.gif (205 bytes) Equipment Choice Submodule blueball.gif (205 bytes) Energy Consumption Submodule The commercial demand module (CDM) forecasts energy consumption by Census division for eight marketed energy sources plus solar thermal energy. For the three major commercial sector fuels, electricity, natural gas and distillate oil, the CDM is a "structural" model and its forecasts are built up from projections of the commercial floorspace stock and of the energy-consuming equipment contained therein. For the remaining five marketed "minor fuels," simple econometric projections are made. The commercial sector encompasses business establishments that are not

243

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) - Analysis &  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

All Reports & Publications All Reports & Publications Search By: Go Pick a date range: From: To: Go Commercial BuildingsAvailable formats PDF Modeling Distributed Generation in the Buildings Sectors Released: August 29, 2013 This report focuses on how EIA models residential and commercial sector distributed generation, including combined heat and power, for the Annual Energy Outlook. PDF Distributed Generation System Characteristics and Costs in the Buildings Sector Released: August 7, 2013 EIA works with technology experts to project the cost and performance of future residential and commercial sector photovoltaic (PV) and small wind installations rather than developing technology projections in-house. These reports have always been available by request. By providing the reports

244

Industry Research and Recommendations for New Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect

Researchers evaluated industry needs and developed logic models to support possible future commercial new construction research and deployment efforts that could be led or supported by DOE's Commercial Building Integration program or other national initiatives. The authors believe that these recommendations support a proposed course of action from the current state of commercial building energy efficiency to a possible long-term goal of achieving significant market penetration of cost-effective NZE buildings in all building sectors and climates by 2030.

Hendron, B.; Leach, M.; Gregory, N.; Pless, S.; Selkowitz, S.; Matthew, P.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

DRAFT DRAFT Electricity and Natural Gas Sector Description  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DRAFT DRAFT Electricity and Natural Gas Sector Description For Public Distribution AB 32 Scoping of electricity and natural gas; including electricity generation, combined heat and power, and electricity and natural gas end uses for residential and commercial purposes. Use of electricity and/or gas for industrial

246

Responsible Investment in the Forest Sector Recommendations for Institutional Investors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 2012 Responsible Investment in the Forest Sector Recommendations for Institutional Investors, the advice herein is general in nature and is not intended to influence specific investment decisions and commercial attractiveness of any forestry investment should be considered. # # # Approved for release

247

Garnering the Industrial Sector: A Comparison of Cutting Edge Industrial DSM Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The industrial sector has posed a daunting DSM challenge to utilities throughout North America, even to those with successful and creative residential and commercial DSM programs. Most utilities have had great difficulty in going beyond conventional...

Kyricopoulos, P. F.; Wikler, G. A.; Faruqui, A.; Wood, B. G.

248

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Survey Background and Technical Information Survey Background and Technical Information Survey Background The commercial sector encompasses a vast range of building types-service businesses, such as retail and wholesale stores, hotels and motels, restaurants, and hospitals, as well as certain buildings that would not be considered "commercial" in a traditional economic sense, such as public and private schools, correctional institutions, and religious and fraternal organizations. Excluded from the sector are the goods-producing industries: manufacturing, agriculture, mining, forestry and fisheries, and construction. Nearly all energy use in the commercial sector takes place in, or is associated with, the buildings that house these commercial activities. Analysis of the structures, activities, and equipment associated with

249

Department of Energy and Commercial Real Estate Executives Launch Alliance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Commercial Real Estate Executives Launch and Commercial Real Estate Executives Launch Alliance to Reduce Energy Consumption of Buildings Department of Energy and Commercial Real Estate Executives Launch Alliance to Reduce Energy Consumption of Buildings April 9, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - Top executives from 19 commercial real estate companies met with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) officials in New York City today to discuss plans to dramatically reduce the sector's energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. The meeting officially launched DOE's Commercial Real Estate Energy Alliance (CREEA), a partnership of commercial real estate owners and operators who have volunteered to work together with DOE to make lasting change in the energy consumption of commercial real estate buildings in the United States. Currently, commercial buildings

250

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Commercial Commercial Mkt trends Market Trends The AEO2011 Reference case shows minimal change in commercial energy use per capita between 2009 and 2035 (Figure 62). While growth in commercial floorspace (1.2 percent per year) is faster than growth in population (0.9 percent per year), energy use per capita remains relatively steady due to efficiency improvements in equipment and building shells. Efficiency standards and the addition of more efficient technologies account for a large share of the improvement in the efficiency of end-use services, notably in space cooling, refrigeration, and lighting. See more issues Issues in Focus In 2009, the residential and commercial buildings sectors used 19.6 quadrillion Btu of delivered energy, or 21 percent of total U.S. energy

251

Greenhouse Gas Abatement with Distributed Generation in California's Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect

The motivation and objective of this research is to determine the role of distributed generation (DG) in greenhouse gas reductions by: (1) applying the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM); (2) using the California Commercial End-Use Survey (CEUS) database for commercial buildings; (3) selecting buildings with electric peak loads between 100 kW and 5 MW; (4) considering fuel cells, micro-turbines, internal combustion engines, gas turbines with waste heat utilization, solar thermal, and PV; (5) testing of different policy instruments, e.g. feed-in tariff or investment subsidies.

Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael; Lipman, Tim; Lai, Judy; Cardoso, Goncalo; Megel, Olivier

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY KENETECH WINDPOWER, INC. (KW) FOR AN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

KENETECH WINDPOWER, INC. (KW) FOR AN KENETECH WINDPOWER, INC. (KW) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER NREL SUBCONTRACT NO: AAA-5-13320-02 UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO: DE-AC36-83CH10093 W(A)-95-003; CH-0849 Kenetech Windpower, Inc. (KW) has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions arisg from the above referenced subcontract entitled "Advanced Wind Turbine Program Next Generation Turbine Development Project." The objective of the work to be performed under this subcontract is to design and develop an advanced next generation wind turbine capable of producing electricity for $0.04/kWh or less at 5.8 m/s(13mph) sites in the 1998-2000 time period. The work is to proceed in two stages. In the first stage, which is the subject of this waiver, the work comprises a concept study to develop

253

Commercial Building National Accounts | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Commercial Building National Accounts Commercial Building National Accounts Jump to: navigation, search National Accounts is part of DOE's Net-Zero Energy Commercial Building Initiative (CBI), which was mandated by the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA). EISA enabled DOE to bring together parties from the private sector, DOE national labs, other federal agencies and nongovernmental organizations to advance research into low- and zero-net-energy buildings. CBI's goal is to develop market-ready, net zero-energy commercial buildings by 2025. A net zero-energy building makes as much energy as it uses over a year[1] [2]. As of 2009, estimates indicated that retail and office buildings consume 18 percent of the nation's total energy and half of nation's overall building energy (including homes, schools, and other structures). The program

254

Commercial Buildings Consortium  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Commercial Buildings Integration Project for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

255

North Wind 4-kW wind-system development. Phase II. Fabrication and test  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of Phase II (testing and fabrication) of a program funded by the US Department of Energy to design, fabricate, and test a cost-effective wind system in the 3 to 6 kW class. During Phase II, using the design developed during Phase I, a prototype 4 kW machine was fabricated and tested in Waitsfield, Vermont. Several problems were encountered and subsequently analyzed. Design modifications, including the use of a larger alternator, are described. Test performed by North Wind and by Rockwell International (which monitored the program) demonstrated the predicted performance characteristics and the validity of the North Wind design.

Lynch, J.; Coleman, C.; Mayer, D.J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Development and test of a 300 kW superconducting homopolar generator  

SciTech Connect

A 300 kW superconducting homopolar generator has been jointly developed and tested by Wuhan Marine Electrical Propulsion Research Institute and Institute of Electrical Engineering, Academia Sinica. It is a drum-type machine with superconducting excitation and solid brush current collection, 1,300 rpm rotating speed, 230--330 V output voltage. The armature rotor diameter is 620 mm, effective length is 600 mm, the average radial magnetic field in the armature region is 0.75 T. During test it reached 300 kW nominal output power and worked stably. The design and development of the machine and its main components, together with its test results are presented.

Ge, W.; Tang, S. [Wuhan Marine Electrical Propulsion Research Inst. (China); Yan, L.; Yi, C.; Qin, J. [Academia Sinica, Beijing (China). Inst. of Electrical Engineering

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Gnrateur Plasma d'Arc Air de 2 kW ABDERRAHMANE HALIS1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Générateur à Plasma d'Arc à Air de 2 kW ABDERRAHMANE HALIS1 , BERNARD PATEYRON2 , MOHAMMED EL : Une torche plasma d'arc à air de moins de 2 kW a été conçue et réalisée dans le laboratoire de imposent l'usage d'une flamme plasma : soudage, découpage, rechargement de métaux, traitement thermique de

Boyer, Edmond

258

Technology Commercialization Fund - EERE Commercialization Office  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fund The Technology Commercialization Fund (TCF) is designed to complement angel investment or early stage corporate product development. The fund totaled nearly 14.3 million in...

259

Cool energy savings opportunities in commercial refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

The commercial sector consumes over 13 quads of primary energy annually. Most of this consumption (two-thirds) meets the energy needs of lighting and heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning. The largest consuming group of the remaining one-third is commercial refrigeration at about one quad annually (990 trillion Btu), valued at over $7 billion per year to the commercial sector consumer. Potential energy savings are estimated to be about 266 trillion Btu, with consumer savings valued at about $2 billion. This study provides the first known estimates of these values using a bottom-up approach. The authors evaluated numerous self-contained and engineered commercial refrigeration systems in this study, such as: supermarket central systems, beverage merchandisers, ice machines, and vending machines. Typical physical characteristics of each equipment type were identified at the component level for energy consumption. This information was used to form a detailed database from which they arrived at the estimate of 990 trillion Btu energy consumption for the major equipment types used in commercial refrigeration. Based on the implementation of the most cost-effective technology improvements for the seven major equipment types, they estimated an annual potential energy savings of 266 trillion Btu. Much of the savings can be realized with the implementation of high-efficiency fan motors and compressors. In many cases, payback can be realized within three years.

Westphalen, D.; Brodrick, J.; Zogg, R.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

MANAGING COMMERCIAL RECREATION ON CROWN LAND IN BRITISH COLUMBIA: A POLICY EVALUATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MANAGING COMMERCIAL RECREATION ON CROWN LAND IN BRITISH COLUMBIA: A POLICY EVALUATION By Neil of Research Project: Managing Commercial Recreation on Crown Land in British Columbia: A Policy Evaluation, the commercial recreation tourism sector has traditionally found little government support either in broader

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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261

Testing of a 50-kW Wind-Diesel Hybrid System at the National Wind Technology Center  

SciTech Connect

In remote off-grid villages and communities, a reliable power source is important in improving the local quality of life. Villages often use a diesel generator for their power, but fuel can be expensive and maintenance burdensome. Including a wind turbine in a diesel system can reduce fuel consumption and lower maintenance, thereby reducing energy costs. However, integrating the various components of a wind-diesel system, including wind turbine, power conversion system, and battery storage (if applicable), is a challenging task. To further the development of commercial hybrid power systems, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), in collaboration with the New World Village Power Corporation (NWVP), tested a NWVP 50-kW wind-diesel hybrid system connected to a 15/50 Atlantic Orient Corporation (AOC) wind turbine. Testing was conducted from October 1995 through March 1996 at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). A main objective of the testing was to better understand the application of wind turbines to weak grids typical of small villages. Performance results contained in this report include component characterization, such as power conversion losses for the rotary converter system and battery round trip efficiencies. In addition, system operation over the test period is discussed with special attention given to dynamic issues. Finally, future plans for continued testing and research are discussed.

Corbus, D. A.; Green, H. J.; Allderdice, A.; Rand, K.; Bianchi, J.; Linton, E.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Sector 1 - Software  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

APS Software APS Software Scientists and researchers at the APS develop custom scientific software to help with acquisition and analysis of beamline data. Several packages are available for a variety of platforms and uses. Data Acquisition Motion control and data collection at the 1-BM and 1-ID beamlines are primarily executed using EPICS software. We also utilize SPEC, running through EPICS, for many experiments. Data Analysis Some of the programs used at Sector 1 to analyse 1-d and/or 2-d data sets are described: Fit2d, for viewing and analysing 2-dimensional data Igor, for analysis of small-angle scattering data Matlab, for strain/texture analysis and image analysis. GSAS/EXPGUI, for structural refinement of diffraction data. A comprehensive list of Powder Diffraction Software and Resources can be

263

Louisville Private Sector Agenda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thursday, December 13, 2007 Thursday, December 13, 2007 9:00 AM - 12:00 PM Agenda * Welcome and introductions from the Mayor (9:00-9:15) o The Mayor's energy and climate protection goals for Louisville o Request for private sector input for the upcoming public-private partnership to promote increased energy efficiency in buildings throughout the Louisville community o Highlights from the December 12 meeting of the ENERGY STAR Challenge implementation group o Introduction to Metro's Green Initiative and goals for today's session * Getting started with ENERGY STAR (9:15-10:00) o Introduction to the program and overview of ENERGY STAR resources o Kentucky and regional ENERGY STAR Partners and labeled buildings o Simple steps for energy savings o The benefits of energy savings

264

Sector 6 Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 APS Pubs. Database Sector 6 Publications Publications 2013:(45) "Classical and quantum phase transitions revealed using transport and x-ray measurements," Arnab Banerjee, Ph.D.-Thesis, University of Chicago, 2013. "Charge transfer and multiple density waves in the rare earth tellurides," A. Banerjee, Yejun Feng, D.M. Silevitch, Jiyang Wang, J.C. Lang, H.-H. Kuo, I.R. Fisher, T.F. Rosenbaum, Phys. Rev. B 87, 155131 (2013). "Controlling Size-Induced Phase Transformations Using Chemically Designed Nanolaminates," Matt Beekman, Sabrina Disch, Sergei Rouvimov, Deepa Kasinathan, Klaus Koepernik, Helge Rosner, Paul Zschack, Wolfgang S. Neumann, David C. Johnson, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 52, 13211 (2013).

265

Energy Sector Market Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of energy market analysis sponsored by the Department of Energy's (DOE) Weatherization and International Program (WIP) within the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). The analysis was conducted by a team of DOE laboratory experts from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), with additional input from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). The analysis was structured to identify those markets and niches where government can create the biggest impact by informing management decisions in the private and public sectors. The analysis identifies those markets and niches where opportunities exist for increasing energy efficiency and renewable energy use.

Arent, D.; Benioff, R.; Mosey, G.; Bird, L.; Brown, J.; Brown, E.; Vimmerstedt, L.; Aabakken, J.; Parks, K.; Lapsa, M.; Davis, S.; Olszewski, M.; Cox, D.; McElhaney, K.; Hadley, S.; Hostick, D.; Nicholls, A.; McDonald, S.; Holloman, B.

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Electric Power Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electric Power Sector Electric Power Sector Hydroelectric Power (a) ............... 0.670 0.785 0.653 0.561 0.633 0.775 0.631 0.566 0.659 0.776 0.625 0.572 2.668 2.605 2.633 Wood Biomass (b) ........................ 0.048 0.043 0.052 0.046 0.045 0.039 0.051 0.052 0.055 0.049 0.060 0.054 0.190 0.187 0.218 Waste Biomass (c) ....................... 0.063 0.064 0.066 0.069 0.061 0.063 0.063 0.064 0.062 0.065 0.068 0.065 0.262 0.250 0.261 Wind ............................................. 0.376 0.361 0.253 0.377 0.428 0.461 0.315 0.400 0.417 0.461 0.340 0.424 1.368 1.604 1.641 Geothermal ................................. 0.036 0.037 0.038 0.039 0.041 0.041 0.041 0.042 0.041 0.040 0.041 0.042 0.149 0.164 0.165 Solar ............................................. 0.007 0.022 0.021 0.014 0.013 0.022 0.026 0.016 0.021 0.048 0.048 0.025 0.064

267

Program Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector Albania Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies EC LEDS Albania Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies EC LEDS United States Agency for International Development USAID United States Environmental Protection Agency United States Department of Energy United States Department of Agriculture United States Department of State Albania Southern Asia Low emission development planning LEDS Energy Land Climate Algeria Clean Technology Fund CTF Algeria Clean Technology Fund CTF African Development Bank Asian Development Bank European Bank for Reconstruction and Development EBRD Inter American Development Bank IDB World Bank Algeria South Eastern Asia Background analysis Finance Implementation

268

Lighting in Residential and Commercial Buildings (1993 and 1995 Data) --  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Commercial Buildings Home > Special Topics and Data Reports > Types of Lights Commercial Buildings Home > Special Topics and Data Reports > Types of Lights Picture of a light bulb At Home and At Work: What Types of Lights Are We Using? Two national EIA surveys report that . . . Of residential households, 98 percent use incandescent, 42 percent use fluorescent. Of commercial buildings, 59 percent use incandescent, 92 percent use fluorescent. At a glance, we might conclude that substantial energy savings could occur in both the residential and commercial sectors if they replaced their incandescent lights with fluorescent lights, given that fluorescent lights consume approximately 75-85 percent less electricity than incandescent lights. In the residential sector, this is true. However, in the commercial sector, where approximately 92 percent of the buildings already use fluorescent lights, increasing energy savings will require upgrading existing lights and lighting systems. To maximize energy savings, analysis must also consider the hours the lights are used and the amount of floorspace lit by that lighting type. Figures 1 and 2 show the types of lights used by the percent of households and by the percent of floorspace lit for the residential and the commercial sectors, respectively.

269

Hanford Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW Final Safety Analysis Report Review, August 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Site Visit Report Site Visit Report Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW Final Safety Analysis Report Review May 2011 August 2011 Office of Enforcement and Oversight Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 1 2.0 Background ............................................................................................................................................ 1 3.0 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 1 4.0 Results .................................................................................................................................................... 2

270

Hanford Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW Final Safety Analysis Report Review, August 2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Visit Report Site Visit Report Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW Final Safety Analysis Report Review May 2011 August 2011 Office of Enforcement and Oversight Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 1 2.0 Background ............................................................................................................................................ 1 3.0 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 1 4.0 Results .................................................................................................................................................... 2

271

Chemical-Looping Combustion with Fuel Oil in a 10 kW Pilot Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemical-Looping Combustion with Fuel Oil in a 10 kW Pilot Plant ... The unit is based on interconnected fluidized beds and is similar to the design originally presented by Lyngfelt et al.(12) In the riser section there is a fast-fluidized regime, whereas in the loop-seals and the fuel reactor there is a bubbling regime. ... Energy Combust. ...

Patrick Moldenhauer; Magnus Rydn; Tobias Mattisson; Ali Hoteit; Aqil Jamal; Anders Lyngfelt

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

272

Tests of a 4,000 kw. Gas-Turbine Set  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... January 5, gives a description and test results of a 4,000 kw. combustion-turbine generating set, recently constructed by Messrs. Brown, Boveri and Co., Ltd., ... in emergencies, and consists of an axial-type air-compressor, a combustion chamber, a gas- ...

1940-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

273

3kW Stirling engine for power and heat production  

SciTech Connect

A new 3 kW Beta type Stirling engine has been developed. The engine uses Natural gas as fuel, and it is designed for use as a small combined heat and power plant for single family houses. The electrical power is supplied to the grid. The engine is made as a hermetic device, where the crank mechanism and the alternator are built into a pressurized crank casing. The engine produce 3 kW of shaft power corresponding to 2.4 kW of electric power. The heat input is 10 kW corresponding to a shaft efficiency of 30%, and an electric efficiency of 24%. Helium at 8 MPa mean pressure is used as working gas. The crank mechanism is a combination of an upper- and lower yoke, each forming the half of a Ross mechanism. The upper yoke is linked to the displacer piston and the lower yoke is linked to the working piston. The design gives an approximately linear couple point curve, which eliminates guiding forces on the pistons and the need for X-heads. Grease lubricated needle and ball bearings are used in the kinematic crank mechanism. The burner includes an air preheater and a water jacket, which makes it possible to utilize nearly all of the heat from the combustion gases. The performance of the engine has been tested as a function of mean pressure and hot and cold temperature, and emissions and noise have been measured.

Thorsen, J.E.; Bovin, J.; Carlsen, H. [Technical Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby (Denmark). Inst. of Energy Engineering

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

274

The trapped-particle instability in the Boeing 1kW FEL oscillator  

SciTech Connect

The new design for the Boeing High Average Power Free Electron Laser will operate at 1KW average power (0.63 {mu}m) with a peak current of 132A. Simulations are used to investigate the trapped-particle instability and diffraction effects. Incorporating large desynchronism may prove to be a useful method of controlling the trapped-particle instability.

Ramos, L.; Blau, J.; Colson, W.B. [Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

275

Power Scaling of Tm:fiber Lasers to the kW Level Peter F. Moulton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power Scaling of Tm:fiber Lasers to the kW Level Peter F. Moulton Q-Peak, Inc. CREOL Industrial · Fundamentals of Tm:silica fiber lasers · Fiber laser setup and results Support: HEL-JTO Contract Nos. FA9451, Nufern: Gavin Frith, Bryce Samson, Adrian Carter #12;Relative eye safety is obtained for > 1400-nm

Van Stryland, Eric

276

5 kW Multilevel DC-DC Converter for Hybrid Electric and Fuel Cell Automotive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

automobile, there are many electrical loads grouped into two main categories depending on the voltages5 kW Multilevel DC-DC Converter for Hybrid Electric and Fuel Cell Automotive Applications Faisal H. Khan1,2 Leon M. Tolbert2 fkhan3@utk.edu tolbert@utk.edu 1 Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) 2

Tolbert, Leon M.

277

US National Institute of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Commercialization | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Institute of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Commercialization Institute of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Commercialization Jump to: navigation, search Name US National Institute of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Commercialization Place Columbia, South Carolina Zip 29250-0768 Sector Hydro, Hydrogen Product The National Institute of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Commercialization, a nonprofit organization, will work to find commercial opportunities for USC and other state research institutions doing fuel cell research. References US National Institute of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Commercialization[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. US National Institute of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Commercialization is a company located in Columbia, South Carolina . References

278

Liberty Utilities (Electric) - Commercial New Construction Rebate Program  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utilities (Electric) - Commercial New Construction Rebate Program Utilities (Electric) - Commercial New Construction Rebate Program (New Hampshire) No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Summary Last modified on March 13, 2013. Financial Incentive Program Place New Hampshire Name Liberty Utilities (Electric) - Commercial New Construction Rebate Program (New Hampshire) Incentive Type Utility Rebate Program Applicable Sector Commercial, Industrial, Local Government, Schools Eligible Technologies Central Air conditioners, Chillers, Compressed air, Custom/Others pending approval, Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls, Heat pumps, Lighting, Lighting Controls/Sensors, Motor VFDs, Motors, Geothermal Heat Pumps, Control Sensors, Economizers

279

Electricity savings potentials in the residential sector of Bahrain  

SciTech Connect

Electricity is the major fuel (over 99%) used in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors in Bahrain. In 1992, the total annual electricity consumption in Bahrain was 3.45 terawatt-hours (TWh), of which 1.95 TWh (56%) was used in the residential sector, 0.89 TWh (26%) in the commercial sector, and 0.59 TWh (17%) in the industrial sector. Agricultural energy consumption was 0.02 TWh (less than 1%) of the total energy use. In Bahrain, most residences are air conditioned with window units. The air-conditioning electricity use is at least 50% of total annual residential use. The contribution of residential AC to the peak power consumption is even more significant, approaching 80% of residential peak power demand. Air-conditioning electricity use in the commercial sector is also significant, about 45% of the annual use and over 60% of peak power demand. This paper presents a cost/benefit analysis of energy-efficient technologies in the residential sector. Technologies studied include: energy-efficient air conditioners, insulating houses, improved infiltration, increasing thermostat settings, efficient refrigerators and freezers, efficient water heaters, efficient clothes washers, and compact fluorescent lights. We conservatively estimate a 32% savings in residential electricity use at an average cost of about 4 fils per kWh. (The subsidized cost of residential electricity is about 12 fils per kWh. 1000 fils = 1 Bahrain Dinar = US$ 2.67). We also discuss major policy options needed for implementation of energy-efficiency technologies.

Akbari, H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Morsy, M.G.; Al-Baharna, N.S. [Univ. of Bahrain, Manama (Bahrain)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance  

Energy Savers (EERE)

DRAFT FOR PUBLIC COMMENT SEPTEMBER, 2014 ENERGY SECTOR CYBERSECURITY FRAMEWORK IMPLEMENTATION GUIDANCE Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance Table of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Advanced Vehicle Electrification & Transportation Sector Electrificati...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Transportation Sector Electrification Advanced Vehicle Electrification & Transportation Sector Electrification 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies...

282

Solar Photovoltaic Financing: Residential Sector Deployment ...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Solar Photovoltaic Financing: Residential Sector Deployment Solar Photovoltaic Financing: Residential Sector Deployment This report presents the information that homeowners and...

283

Commercial | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Commercial Commercial Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Source Commercial and Residential Reference Building Models Date Released April 18th, 2013 (7 months ago) Date Updated July 02nd, 2013 (5 months ago) Keywords building building demand building load Commercial data demand Energy Consumption energy data hourly kWh load profiles Residential Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

284

EFFECT ON 105KW NORTH WALL DUE TO ADDITION OF FILTRATION SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

CHPRC D&D Projects is adding three filtration system on two 1-ft concrete pads adjacent to the north side of existing KW Basin building. This analysis is prepared to provide qualitative assessment based on the review of design information available for 105KW basin substructure. In the proposed heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) filtration pad designs a 2 ft gap will be maintained between the pads and the north end of the existing 1 05KW -Basin building. Filtration Skids No.2 and No.3 share one pad. It is conservative to evaluate the No.2 and No.3 skid pad for the wall assessment. Figure 1 shows the plan layout of the 105KW basin site and the location of the pads for the filtration system or HVAC skids. Figure 2 shows the cross-section elevation view of the pad. The concrete pad Drawing H-1-91482 directs the replacement of the existing 8-inch concrete pad with two new 1-ft think pads. The existing 8-inch pad is separated from the 105KW basin superstructure by an expansion joint of only half an inch. The concrete pad Drawing H-1-91482 shows the gap between the new proposed pads and the north wall and any overflow pits and sumps is 2-ft. Following analysis demonstrates that the newly added filtration units and their pads do not exceed the structural capacity of existing wall. The calculation shows that the total bending moment on the north wall due to newly added filtration units and pads including seismic load is 82.636 ft-kip/ft and is within the capacity of wall which is 139.0ft-kip/ft.

CHO CS

2010-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

285

A look at commercial buildings in 1995: Characteristics, energy consumption, and energy expenditures  

SciTech Connect

The commercial sector consists of business establishments and other organizations that provide services. The sector includes service businesses, such as retail and wholesale stores, hotels and motels, restaurants, and hospitals, as well as a wide range of facilities that would not be considered commercial in a traditional economic sense, such as public schools, correctional institutions, and religious and fraternal organizations. Nearly all energy use in the commercial sector takes place in, or is associated with, the buildings that house these commercial activities. Analysis of the structures, activities, and equipment associated with different types of buildings is the clearest way to evaluate commercial sector energy use. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) is a national-level sample survey of commercial buildings and their energy suppliers conducted quadrennially (previously triennially) by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The target population for the 1995 CBECS consisted of all commercial buildings in the US with more than 1,000 square feet of floorspace. Decision makers, businesses, and other organizations that are concerned with the use of energy--building owners and managers, regulators, legislative bodies and executive agencies at all levels of government, utilities and other energy suppliers--are confronted with a buildings sector that is complex. Data on major characteristics (e.g., type of building, size, year constructed, location) collected from the buildings, along with the amount and types of energy the buildings consume, help answer fundamental questions about the use of energy in commercial buildings.

NONE

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Limited Lawn & Limited Commercial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limited Lawn & Ornamental Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance Review and Exams Limited for Commercial Landscape Maintenance Application: http://www.flaes.org/ pdf/lndspckt.pdf Limited Certification.floridatermitehelp.org or request by phone at 850-921-4177. Limited Lawn & Ornamental/Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance

Watson, Craig A.

287

Limited Lawn & Limited Commercial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limited Lawn & Ornamental Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance Review and Exams Limited-921-4177. Limited Lawn & Ornamental/Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance: Ornamental and Turf Pest Control (SM 7&O/Structural only). See web locations below for applications. Limited Certification for Commercial Landscape

Jawitz, James W.

288

Plugless Level 2 EV Charging System (3.3 kW) by Evatran Group...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

System Electricity Generation Electricity Distribution Electricity Step Down Transformer Commercial Residential Wiring & Receptacle PLUGLESS TM Control Panel Power...

289

AIDS and the private sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... a host of other celebrities are promoting the US launch of 'Product Red', the private sector's campaign to fight AIDS. Some of the profits on products sold in ... is to be welcomed. For two decades, AIDS activists and officials have implored the private sector to join the fight against AIDS. In reality, that effort remains overwhelmingly dependent ...

2006-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

290

Market Assessment of Public Sector Energy Efficiency Potential in India  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market Assessment of Public Sector Energy Efficiency Potential in India Market Assessment of Public Sector Energy Efficiency Potential in India Title Market Assessment of Public Sector Energy Efficiency Potential in India Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2012 Authors Iyer, Maithili, and Jayant A. Sathaye Date Published 10-Mar Publisher LBNL Keywords energy efficiency, india, market assessment Abstract The purpose of this study is to assess, with limited resources, the potential for improving energy efficiency in public buildings by providing preliminary estimates of the size of the public sector buildings market, the patterns of energy use in public buildings, and the opportunity for reducing energy use in public buildings. This report estimates the size of this market and the potential for carbon savings with conservative assumptions requiring moderate investment towards efficiency improvement in public sector buildings-here defined as the sum of the public sector commercial and institutional buildings as characterized by the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation (MOSPI). Information from this study will be provided to the World Bank and the BEE to assist them in designing effective energy efficiency programs for public buildings

291

Commercial Building Partnerships | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Building Partnerships Building Partnerships Commercial Building Partnerships Image shows a well-lit, warehouse-like produce section of a Whole Foods store. Much of the lighting in the photo eminates from windows along the left side of the photo. The Commercial Building Partnerships (CBP) initiative is demonstrating dramatic energy savings in commercial buildings. Through this cost-shared initiative, partner organizations team with Building Technologies Office (BTO) representatives and others to improve energy efficiency in new and existing buildings. U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory staff and private-sector technical experts provide energy analysis support and engineering expertise to explore energy-saving ideas and strategies. Organizations not involved with CBP will benefit from the lessons learned,

292

Distributed Generation and Renewable Energy in the Electric Cooperative Sector  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Generation and Generation and Renewable Energy in the Electric Cooperative Sector Ed Torrero Cooperative Research Network (CRN) National Rural Electric Cooperative Association September 22, 2004 Co-op Basics  Customer owned  Serve 35 million people in 47 states  75 percent of nation's area  2.3 million miles of line is close to half of nation's total  Growth rate twice that of IOU Electrics  Six customers per line-mile vs 33 for IOU  Co-ops view DP as a needed solution; not as a "problem" Broad Range of Technologies Chugach EA 1-MW Fuel Cell Installation Post Office in Anchorage, AK Chugach EA Microturbine Demo Unit at Alaska Village Electric Co-op CRN Transportable 200kW Fuel Cell at Delta- Montrose EA in Durango, CO Plug Power Fuel Cell at Fort Jackson, SC

293

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7. Key assumptions for the commercial sector in the AEO2012 integrated demand technology cases 7. Key assumptions for the commercial sector in the AEO2012 integrated demand technology cases Assumptions Integrated 2011 Deand Technology Integraged High Demand Technologya Integrated Buildings Best Available Demand Technologya End-use equipment Limited to technology menu available in 2011. Promulgated standards still take effect. Earlier availability, lower cost, and/ or higher efficiencies for advanced equipment. Purchases limited to highest available efficiency for each technology class, regardless of cost. Hurdle rates Same as Reference case distribution. All energy efficiency investments evaluated at 7-percent real interest rate. All energy efficiency investments evaluated at 7-percent real interest rate. Building shells Fixed at 2011 levels. 25 percent more improvement than in the Reference case by 2035. 50 percent more improvement than in the Reference case by 2035.

294

Design study of a 0.4 THz 100 kW pulsed gyrotron  

SciTech Connect

We present a status of development of a 0.4 THz, 100 kW pulsed gyrotron at UNIST 0.4 THz, 100 kW gyrotron is currently under design for a remote radioactive material detection. A magnetic injection gun (MIG) is used for the electron gun with a beam voltage of 70 kV and beam current of 10 A with a pulse duration of 10 usec. A second harmonic cavity for the gyrotron interaction is considered for the high power THz gyrotron. Numerical optimization of the electron gun design and the cavity is performed in the study. In this paper, we briefly report the design study of the gyrotron. (author)

Choi, E.M., E-mail: emchoi@unist.ac.kr [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

An assessment of KW Basin radionuclide activity when opening SNF canisters  

SciTech Connect

N Reactor spent fuel is being stored in sealed canisters in the KW Basin. Some of the canisters contain damaged fuel elements. There is the potential for release of Cs 137, Kr 85, H3, and other fission products and transuranics (TRUs) when canisters are opened. Canister opening is required to select and transfer fuel elements to the 300 Area for examination as part of the Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Characterization program. This report estimates the amount of radionuclides that can be released from Mark II spent nuclear fuel (SNF) canisters in KW Basin when canisters are opened for SNF fuel sampling as part of the SNF Characterization Program. The report also assesses the dose consequences of the releases and steps that can be taken to reduce the impacts of these releases.

Bergmann, D.W. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Mollerus, F.J.; Wray, J.L. [Mollerus Engineering Corp., Los Gatos, CA (United States)

1995-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

296

MHK Projects/Evopod E35 35kW grid connected demonstrator | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

E35 35kW grid connected demonstrator E35 35kW grid connected demonstrator < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":55.3028,"lon":-5.59772,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

297

Solar Photovoltaic Financing: Residential Sector Deployment  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the information that homeowners and policy makers need to facilitate PV financing at the residential level. The full range of cash payments, bill savings, and tax incentives is covered, as well as potentially available solar attribute payments. Traditional financing is also compared to innovative solutions, many of which are borrowed from the commercial sector. Together, these mechanisms are critical for making the economic case for a residential PV installation, given its high upfront costs. Unfortunately, these programs are presently limited to select locations around the country. By calling attention to these innovative initiatives, this report aims to help policy makers consider greater adoption of these models to benefit homeowners interested installing a residential PV system.

Coughlin, J.; Cory, K.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

110 kW Stationary Combined Heat and Power Systems Status and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the status of 1­10 kW CHP stationary fuel cell systems and to comment on the achievability of cost-temperature proton exchange membrane (LT-PEM) fuel cell systems operating, for the most part, in a temperature range of 60°­90°C; high temperature PEM (HT-PEM) fuel cell systems operating in a temperature range of 130

299

Enertech 15-kW wind-system development. Phase II. Fabrication and test  

SciTech Connect

This Phase II report presents a description of the Enertech 15 kW prototype wind system hardware fabrication; results of component tests; and results of preliminary testing conducted at Norwich, VT and the RF Wind Energy Research Center. In addition, the assembly sequence is documented. During testing, the unit experienced several operational problems, but testing proved the design concept and demonstrated the system's ability to meet the contract design specifications for power output.

Zickefoose, C.R.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

System Description for the KW Basin Integrated Water Treatment System (IWTS) (70.3)  

SciTech Connect

This is a description of the system that collects and processes the sludge and radioactive ions released by the spent nuclear fuel (SNF) processing operations conducted in the 105 KW Basin. The system screens, settles, filters, and conditions the basin water for reuse. Sludge and most radioactive ions are removed before the water is distributed back to the basin pool. This system is part of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project (SNFP).

DERUSSEAU, R.R.

2000-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

CW 100 kW radio frequency-free-electron laser design at 10. mu. m  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the 100 kW CW radio frequency-free-electron last at 10{mu}m to be built at Boeing Defense and Space Group in collaboration with Los Alamos National Laboratory. The authors discuss the criteria which led to the selection of the operating point, the single-accelerator master-oscillator and power-amplifier configuration, the goals of this experiment, and the expected performance.

Parazzoli, C.G.; Rodenburg, R.E.; Romero, J.B.; Adamski, J.L.; Pistoresi, D.J.; Shoffstall, D.R. (Boeing Defense and Space Group, Seattle, WA (US)); Quimby, D.C. (STI Optronics, Inc., Bellevue, WA (US))

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Commercial Kitchen & Food Service Equipment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential Commercial Commercial Industrial Lighting Energy Smart Grocer Program HVAC Program Shell Measures Commercial Kitchen & Food Service Equipment Plug Load New...

303

Distributed Generation Study/615 kW Waukesha Packaged System | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

kW Waukesha Packaged System kW Waukesha Packaged System < Distributed Generation Study Jump to: navigation, search Study Location Des Plaines, Illinois Site Description Testing Laboratory Study Type Laboratory Test Technology Internal Combustion Engine Prime Mover Waukesha VGF 36GLD Heat Recovery Systems Sondex PHE-Type SL140-TM-EE-190, Sondex PHE-Type SL140-TM-EE-150, Cain UTR1-810A17.5SSP Fuel Natural Gas System Installer GTI System Enclosure Outdoor System Application Combined Heat and Power Number of Prime Movers 1 Stand-alone Capability None Power Rating 615 kW0.615 MW 615,000 W 615,000,000 mW 6.15e-4 GW 6.15e-7 TW Nominal Voltage (V) 480 Heat Recovery Rating (BTU/hr) 2500000 Cooling Capacity (Refrig/Tons) 90 Origin of Controller 3rd Party Off-the-Shelf Component Integration Factory Integrated

304

Performance of the 1 kW thermoelectric generator for diesel engines  

SciTech Connect

Hi-Z Technology, Inc. (Hi-Z) has been developing a 1 kW thermoelectric generator for class eight Diesel truck engines under U.S. Department of Energy and California Energy Commission funding since 1992. The purpose of this generator is to replace the currently used shaft-driven alternator by converting part of the waste heat in the engine`s exhaust directly to electricity. The preliminary design of this generator was reported at the 1992 meeting of the XI-ICT in Arlington, Texas. This paper will report on the final mechanical, thermal and thermoelectric design of this generator. The generator uses seventy-two of Hi-Z`s 13 Watt bismuth-telluride thermoelectric modules for energy conversion. The number of modules and their arrangement has remained constant through the program. The 1 kW generator was tested on several engines during the development process. Many of the design features were changed during this development as more information was obtained. We have only recently reached our design goal of 1 kW output. The output parameters of the generator are reported. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

Bass, J.C.; Elsner, N.B.; Leavitt, F.A. [Hi-Z Technology, Inc (??)

1994-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

305

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Energy Sources and End Uses  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Sources and End Uses Energy Sources and End Uses Topics: Energy Sources and End Uses End-Use Equipment Conservation Features and Practices Energy Sources and End Uses CBECS collects information that is used to answer questions about the use of energy in the commercial buildings sector. Questions such as: What kind of energy sources are used? What is energy used for? and What kinds of equipment use energy? Energy Sources Nearly all commercial buildings used at least one source of energy for some end use (Figure 1). Electricity was the most commonly used energy source in commercial buildings (94 percent of buildings comprising 98 percent of commercial floorspace). More than half of commercial buildings (57 percent) and two-thirds of commercial floorspace (68 percent) were served by natural gas. Three sources-fuel oil, district heat, and district chilled water-when used, were used more often in larger buildings.

306

Smart grid technologies and applications for the industrial sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Smart grids have become a topic of intensive research, development, and deployment across the world over the last few years. The engagement of consumer sectorsresidential, commercial, and industrialis widely acknowledged as crucial for the projected benefits of smart grids to be realized. Although the industrial sector has traditionally been involved in managing power use with what today would be considered smart grid technologies, these applications have mostly been one-of-a-kind, requiring substantial customization. Our objective in this article is to motivate greater interest in smart grid applications in industry. We provide an overview of smart grids and of electricity use in the industrial sector. Several smart grid technologies are outlined, and automated demand response is discussed in some detail. Case studies from aluminum processing, cement manufacturing, food processing, industrial cooling, and utility plants are reviewed. Future directions in interoperable standards, advances in automated demand response, energy use optimization, and more dynamic markets are discussed.

Tariq Samad; Sila Kiliccote

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0. Comparisons of energy consumption by sector projections, 2025, 2035, and 2040 0. Comparisons of energy consumption by sector projections, 2025, 2035, and 2040 (quadrillion Btu) Sector AEO2013 Reference INFORUM IHSGI ExxonMobil IEA 2011 Residential 11.3 11.5 10.8 -- -- Residential excluding electricity 6.4 6.6 6.0 5.0 -- Commercial 8.6 8.6 8.5 -- -- Commercial excluding electricity 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 -- Buildings sector 19.9 20.1 19.3 -- 19.3a Industrial 24.0 23.6 -- -- 23.7a Industrial excluding electricity 20.7 20.2 -- 20.0 -- Lossesb 0.7 -- -- -- -- Natural gas feedstocks 0.5 -- -- -- -- Industrial removing losses and feedstocks 22.9 -- 21.7 -- -- Transportation 27.1 27.2 26.2 27.0 23.1a Electric power 39.4 39.2 40.5 37.0 37.2a Less: electricity demandc 12.7 12.8 12.7 -- 15.0a

308

Effective Occupied and Vacant Square Footage in Commercial Buildigs in 1992  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Effective Occupied and Vacant Sq. Ft. Effective Occupied and Vacant Sq. Ft. Effective Occupied and Vacant Square Footage in Commercial Buildings in 1992 -- A Useful Benchmark of Commercial Floorspace Vacancy Rates -- Introduction One of the major approaches to analyzing energy use in end-use sectors is to relate energy use to measures of the extent of utilization of the sector, either in absolute terms or in terms relative to some maximum utilization level. For example, vehicle miles traveled is a measure of vehicle utilization in the transportation sector. The percent of maximum production capability at which an industry or an individual plant is operating is a measure of industrial capacity utilization in the industrial sector. For the commercial buildings sector, two concepts that measure how intensely a building is utilized seem to predominate: the number of hours the building is in operation and the amount of floorspace in the building that is occupied (or conversely, the amount that is vacant).

309

A Market-Specific Methodology for a Commercial Building Energy Performance Index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The scaling of energy efficiency initiatives in the commercial building sector ... methodologies that do not adequately model patterns of energy consumption, nor provide accurate measures of relative energy perfo...

Constantine E. Kontokosta

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Characterization of the U.S. Industrial/Commercial Boiler Population- Final Report, May 2005  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. industrial and commercial sectors consume large quantities of energy. Much of this energy is used in boilers to generate steam and hot water. This 2005 report characterizes the boilers in...

311

Cross-sector Demand Response  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resources News & Events Expand News & Events Skip navigation links Smart Grid Demand Response Agricultural Residential Demand Response Commercial & Industrial Demand Response...

312

Demand Shifting with Thermal Mass in Large Commercial Buildings in a  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shifting with Thermal Mass in Large Commercial Buildings in a Shifting with Thermal Mass in Large Commercial Buildings in a California Hot Climate Zone Title Demand Shifting with Thermal Mass in Large Commercial Buildings in a California Hot Climate Zone Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-3898e Year of Publication 2009 Authors Xu, Peng, Rongxin Yin, Carrie Brown, and DongEun Kim Date Published June 2009 Publisher CEC/LBNL Keywords demand response, demand shifting (pre-cooling), DRQAT, hot climates, market sectors, office buildings, pre-cooling, technologies, testbed tools and guides, thermal mass Abstract The potential for using building thermal mass for load shifting and peak energy demand reduction has been demonstrated in a number of simulation, laboratory, and field studies. Previous Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory research has demonstrated that the approach is very effective in cool and moderately warm climate conditions (California Climate Zones 2-4). However, this method had not been tested in hotter climate zones.This project studied the potential of pre-cooling the building early in the morning and increasing temperature setpoints during peak hours to reduce cooling-related demand in two typical office buildings in hotter California climates - one in Visalia (CEC Climate Zone 13) and the other in San Bernardino (CEC Climate Zone 10). The conclusion of the work to date is that pre-cooling in hotter climates has similar potential to that seen previously in cool and moderate climates. All other factors being equal, results to date indicate that pre-cooling increases the depth (kW) and duration (kWh) of the possible demand shed of a given building. The effectiveness of night pre-cooling in typical office building under hot weather conditions is very limited. However, night pre-cooling is helpful for office buildings with an undersized HVAC system. Further work is required to duplicate the tests in other typical buildings and in other hot climate zones and prove that pre-cooling is truly effective.

313

Transforming Commercial Building Operations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Ron Underhill Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ronald.underhill@pnnl.gov (509)375-9765 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Most buildings are not commissioned (Cx) before occupancy, including HVAC and lighting systems * Buildings often are poorly operated and maintained leading to significant energy waste of 5 to 20%, even when they have building automation systems (BASs)

314

Transforming Commercial Building Operations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Ron Underhill Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ronald.underhill@pnnl.gov (509)375-9765 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Most buildings are not commissioned (Cx) before occupancy, including HVAC and lighting systems * Buildings often are poorly operated and maintained leading to significant energy waste of 5 to 20%, even when they have building automation systems (BASs)

315

industrial sector | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

industrial sector industrial sector Dataset Summary Description Biomass energy consumption and electricity net generation in the industrial sector by industry and energy source in 2008. This data is published and compiled by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). Source EIA Date Released August 01st, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated August 01st, 2010 (4 years ago) Keywords 2008 biomass consumption industrial sector Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon industrial_biomass_energy_consumption_and_electricity_2008.xls (xls, 27.6 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata

316

service sector | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

service sector service sector Dataset Summary Description The energy consumption data consists of five spreadsheets: "overall data tables" plus energy consumption data for each of the following sectors: transport, domestic, industrial and service. Each of the five spreadsheets contains a page of commentary and interpretation. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released July 31st, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords annual energy consumption coal Coke domestic Electricity Electricity Consumption energy data Industrial Natural Gas Petroleum service sector transportation UK Data application/zip icon Five Excel spreadsheets with UK Energy Consumption data (zip, 2.6 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment The data in ECUK are classified as National Statistics

317

Commercial Building Asset Rating Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Slides from a Commercial Building Initiative webinar outlining the Commercial Building Asset Rating Program on August 23, 2011.

318

Symbiosis Biofeedstock Conference: Expanding Commercialization...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biofeedstock Conference: Expanding Commercialization of Mutualistic Microbes to Increase Feedstock Production Symbiosis Biofeedstock Conference: Expanding Commercialization of...

319

Commercial Buildings Integration Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Buildings Buildings Integration Program Arah Schuur Program Manager arah.schuur@ee.doe.gov April 2, 2013 Building Technologies Office Program Peer Review 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Vision Commercial buildings are constructed, operated, renovated and transacted with energy performance in mind and net zero ready commercial buildings are common and cost-effective. Commercial Buildings Integration Program Mission Accelerate voluntary uptake of significant energy performance improvements in existing and new commercial buildings. 3 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov BTO Goals: BTO supports the development and deployment of technologies and systems to reduce

320

Renae Speck Commercialization Manager  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Manager Renae Speck, Ph.D is a Commercialization Manager in the Office of Technology Transfer in the Partnership Directorate at the United States Department of Energy's Oak...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Buildings Characteristics 1992 Buildings Characteristics Overview Full Report Tables National and Census region estimates of the number of commercial buildings in the U.S. and...

322

Average Commercial Price  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 1231 Reserves...

323

Commercial & Industrial Demand Response  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resources News & Events Expand News & Events Skip navigation links Smart Grid Demand Response Agricultural Residential Demand Response Commercial & Industrial Demand Response...

324

Commercial fertilizers 1993  

SciTech Connect

This report is a compendium of tables on consumption of commercial fertilizers in the USA in 1993, including types of different fertilizers and consumption of each.

Berry, J.T.; Montgomery, M.H.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

The durability of carbon supported Pt nanowire as novel cathode catalyst for a 1.5kW PEMFC stack  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Carbon supported platinum nanowires (PtNW/C) synthesized by a simple and inexpensive template-free methodology has been used for the first time as a cathode catalyst in a 15 cell with an active area of 250cm2, 1.5kW proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) stack. Drive cycle testing along with in-situ and ex-situ accelerated degradation testing (ADT) showed that the PtNW/C catalyst exhibited better durability than commercial Pt/C. After a 420h dynamic drive cycle durability testing, the PEMFC stacks exhibited a performance degradation rate of 14.4% and 17.9% for PtNW/C and commercial Pt/C based cathodes, respectively. It was found that the majority of performance loss was due to degradation of the commercial Pt/C anode materials, resulting from the rapidly changing load frequencies used in the testing protocol, ultimately leading to harsh fuel/air starvation conditions and subsequent Pt nanoparticle growth and agglomeration. Notably, based on post-testing characterization, the structure, electrochemically active surface area (ECSA) and oxygen reduction activity of the PtNW/C cathode catalyst remained unchanged during the drive cycling, indicating its excellent stability under these practical conditions. Conversely, when using commercial Pt/C as a cathode catalyst, significant Pt nanoparticle growth and agglomeration were observed, resulting in the reduced PEMFC stack durability. Therefore, PtNW/C materials are presented as promising replacements to conventional Pt/C as cathode electrocatalysts for PEMFCs, and particularly demonstrate improved stability under the practical conditions encountered for automotive applications.

Bing Li; Drew C. Higgins; Qiangfeng Xiao; Daijun Yang; Cunman Zhng; Mei Cai; Zhongwei Chen; Jianxin Ma

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

High Performance Commercial Buildings Technology Roadmap | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » High Performance Commercial Buildings Technology Roadmap Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: High Performance Commercial Buildings Technology Roadmap Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings Topics: Technology characterizations Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.nrel.gov/docs/fy01osti/30171.pdf References: High Performance Commercial Buildings Technology Roadmap[1] Overview "This technology roadmap describes the vision and strategies for addressing these challenges developed by representatives of the buildings industry. Collaborative research, development, and deployment of new technologies, coupled with an integrated "whole-buildings" approach, can shape future

327

Commercial Building Energy Asset Score- 2014 BTO Peer Review  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presenter: Nora Wang, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory One of the primary market barriers to enhancing energy efficiency in the commercial building sector is that building owners and investors lack a reliable and low cost source to understand a buildings as-built efficiency and identify opportunities for cost-effective improvements.

328

Transitioning the Transportation Sector: Exploring the Intersection...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the Transportation Sector: Exploring the Intersection of Hydrogen Fuel Cell and Natural Gas Vehicles Transitioning the Transportation Sector: Exploring the Intersection...

329

Oak Ridge Reservation's emergency sectors change | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reservation's emergency sectors change Oak Ridge Reservation's emergency sectors change March 11, 2014 - 11:30am Addthis On March 12, the Tennessee Emergency Management Agency...

330

Restructuring our Transportation Sector | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Restructuring our Transportation Sector Restructuring our Transportation Sector 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting,...

331

Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance  

Energy Savers (EERE)

JANUARY 2015 ENERGY SECTOR CYBERSECURITY FRAMEWORK IMPLEMENTATION GUIDANCE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY Energy Sector...

332

Federal Sector Renewable Energy Project Implementation: ""What...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Federal Sector Renewable Energy Project Implementation: ""What's Working and Why Federal Sector Renewable Energy Project Implementation: ""What's Working and Why Presentation by...

333

Energy Analysis by Sector | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Energy Analysis by Sector Energy Analysis by Sector Manufacturers often rely on energy-intensive technologies and processes. AMO conducts a range of analyses to explore energy use...

334

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Buildings and Floorspace  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Trends in Buildings Floorspace Data tables Commercial Buildings Trend—Detail Commercial Floorspace Trend—Detail Background: Adjustment to data Trends in Buildings and Floorspace Each year buildings are added to and removed from the commercial buildings sector. Buildings are added by new construction or conversion of existing buildings from noncommercial to commercial activity. Buildings are removed by demolition or conversion from commercial to noncommercial activity. Number of Commercial Buildings In 1979, the Nonresidential Buildings Energy Consumption Survey estimated that there were 3.8 million commercial buildings in the United States; by 1992, the number increased 27 percent to 4.8 million (an average annual increase of 1.8%) (Figure 1). In 1995, the estimated number declined to 4.6 million buildings, but it is unlikely that there was an actual decline in the number of buildings. To understand the apparent decline, two factors should be considered—the change in the way that the target population of commercial buildings was defined in 1995 and the uncertainty of estimates from sample surveys:

335

Nanotechnology Commercialization in Oregon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanotechnology Commercialization in Oregon February 27, 2012 Portland State University Physics Seminar Robert D. "Skip" Rung President and Executive Director #12;2 Nanotechnology Commercialization on "green" nanotechnology and gap fund portfolio company examples #12;3 Goals of the National Nanotechnology

Moeck, Peter

336

Gene Geracao Eolica Do Nordeste | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Place: Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Aims to manufacture and commercialize wind turbines generators between 3 and 10kW. Incubated by Padetec. References: Gene - Geracao...

337

AEO2011: Renewable Energy Consumption by Sector and Source | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Consumption by Sector and Source Consumption by Sector and Source Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 17, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses quadrillion Btu. The data is broken down into marketed renewable energy, residential, commercial, industrial, transportation and electric power. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords Commercial Electric Power Industrial Renewable Energy Consumption Residential sector source transportation Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Renewable Energy Consumption by Sector and Source- Reference Case (xls, 105 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed

338

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1992 - Executive  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

& Expenditures > Executive Summary & Expenditures > Executive Summary 1992 Consumption & Expenditures Executive Summary Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1992 presents statistics about the amount of energy consumed in commercial buildings and the corresponding expenditures for that energy. These data are based on the 1992 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), a national energy survey of buildings in the commercial sector, conducted by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the U.S. Department of Energy. Figure ES1. Energy Consumption is Commercial Buidings by Energy Source, 1992 Energy Consumption: In 1992, the 4.8 million commercial buildings in the United States consumed 5.5 quadrillion Btu of electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, and district heat. Of those 5.5 quadrillion Btu, consumption of site electricity accounted for 2.6 quadrillion Btu, or 48.0 percent, and consumption of natural gas accounted for 2.2 quadrillion Btu, or 39.6 percent. Fuel oil consumption made up 0.3 quadrillion Btu, or 4.0 percent of the total, while consumption of district heat made up 0.4 quadrillion Btu, or 7.9 percent of energy consumption in that sector. When the energy losses that occur at the electricity generating plants are included, the overall energy consumed by commercial buildings increases to about 10.8 quadrillion Btu (Figure ES1).

339

Marcus Wallace, Bryan Wiggins, K.W. Hipps Department of Chemistry and Materials Science and Engineering Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marcus Wallace, Bryan Wiggins, K.W. Hipps Department of Chemistry and Materials Science purified by both solvent extraction and sublimation methods in order to yield a high purity product

Collins, Gary S.

340

Environmental and Performance Analysis of a 5kW Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine in East Central Alberta.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis investigates the environmental and performance results of a 5kW horizontal axis wind turbine installed in east-central Alberta. Life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology was (more)

Rooke, Braden

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Data:D120409d-4e6f-4bd5-bf62-dc25cbb7b410 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Z Sector: Commercial Description: AVAILABILITY: Available to all qualifying Customer Generators with a design capacity of 10 kW or less on a Residential Rate or 25 kW on a...

342

Data:896db7d5-e1ce-43b2-9a68-d40b3d44e106 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rate Z1 Sector: Commercial Description: Available to all qualifying Customer Generators with a design capacity of 10 kW or less on a Residential Rate or 25 kW or less on a...

343

Data:E4cc5a03-1850-4ec9-b817-5d679a29f12a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Medium General Service Sector: Commercial Description: Min. 11 kW - Max. 25 kW, Transformer Max. 50 kVA (MGS) Motors 10 HP (single phase), 50 HP (three phase) Additional kVA...

344

Sector 1 Frequently Asked Questions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sector 1 - General Information Sector 1 - General Information Sector 1 Safety Plan (pdf) Useful X-Ray Related Numbers Si a0 = 5.4308 Angstrom CeO2 a0=5.411 Angstrom Cd-109 gamma = 88.036 keV X-ray energy/wavelength conversion constant = 12.39842 Angstrom/keV Useful 1-ID Operations Information Always set the undulator by closing from large to small gap. Always scan the Kohzu monochromator from high to low energy. A Cd-109 source that can be used to calibrate detectors can be obtained by contacting Ali. It has Ag flourescent lines and a 88.036 keV gamma line. Tim Mooney's telephone number is 2-5417. Frequently Asked Questions The following questions come up often when using the Sector 1 beamlines. If you have a question (and maybe answer) that would be of general interest to Sector 1 users, please give it to Jon or Greg for inclusion in this list.

345

List of Commercial Cooking Equipment Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cooking Equipment Incentives Cooking Equipment Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 39 Commercial Cooking Equipment Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 39) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP Ohio - Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Commercial Industrial Local Government Municipal Utility Nonprofit Schools State Government Central Air conditioners Chillers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Custom/Others pending approval Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Water Heaters Commercial Cooking Equipment Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Room Air Conditioners Yes Agricultural Energy Efficiency Program (New York) State Rebate Program New York Agricultural Agricultural Equipment

346

Commercial Solar Ventures | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ventures Ventures Jump to: navigation, search Name Commercial Solar Ventures Place Portland, Oregon Zip 97205 Sector Solar Product Portland based company that specializes in commercial scale solar installations throughout Oregon. Coordinates 45.511795°, -122.675629° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.511795,"lon":-122.675629,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

347

Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BUILDING BUILDING ENERGY ASSET RATING WORKSHOP December 8-9, 2011 Washington, D.C. Nora Wang (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) Will Gorrissen (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) Molly McCabe (Hayden Tanner, LLC) Cody Taylor (Department of Energy) 1 I Asset Rating D.C. Workshop eere.energy.gov PRE-DECISIONAL Information included in this document is for discussion purposes and does not constitute the final program design. FOR INFORMATION ONLY 2 I Asset Rating D.C. Workshop eere.energy.gov Program Goals * Facilitate cost-effective investment in energy efficiency and reduce energy use in the commercial building sector * Establish a national standard for voluntary commercial building asset rating * Create a tool to help building owners identify and implement

348

Funding Opportunity Webinar- Advancing Solutions To Improve the Energy Efficiency of US Commercial Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This webinar provides an overview of the DOE Funding Opportunity Announcement DE-FOA-0001168, "Advancing Solutions to Improve the Energy Efficiency of U.S. Commercial Buildings," which seeks to fund the scale-up of promising solutions to the market barriers that hinder the growth of energy efficiency in the commercial building sector.

349

Technology data characterizing water heating in commercial buildings: Application to end-use forecasting  

SciTech Connect

Commercial-sector conservation analyses have traditionally focused on lighting and space conditioning because of their relatively-large shares of electricity and fuel consumption in commercial buildings. In this report we focus on water heating, which is one of the neglected end uses in the commercial sector. The share of the water-heating end use in commercial-sector electricity consumption is 3%, which corresponds to 0.3 quadrillion Btu (quads) of primary energy consumption. Water heating accounts for 15% of commercial-sector fuel use, which corresponds to 1.6 quads of primary energy consumption. Although smaller in absolute size than the savings associated with lighting and space conditioning, the potential cost-effective energy savings from water heaters are large enough in percentage terms to warrant closer attention. In addition, water heating is much more important in particular building types than in the commercial sector as a whole. Fuel consumption for water heating is highest in lodging establishments, hospitals, and restaurants (0.27, 0.22, and 0.19 quads, respectively); water heating`s share of fuel consumption for these building types is 35%, 18% and 32%, respectively. At the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, we have developed and refined a base-year data set characterizing water heating technologies in commercial buildings as well as a modeling framework. We present the data and modeling framework in this report. The present commercial floorstock is characterized in terms of water heating requirements and technology saturations. Cost-efficiency data for water heating technologies are also developed. These data are intended to support models used for forecasting energy use of water heating in the commercial sector.

Sezgen, O.; Koomey, J.G.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Data Reports > 2003 Building Characteristics Overview Data Reports > 2003 Building Characteristics Overview 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey—Commercial Buildings Characteristics Released: May 2002 Topics: Energy Sources and End Uses | End-Use Equipment | Conservation Features and Practices Additional Information on: Survey methods, data limitations, and other information supporting the data The 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) was the seventh in the series begun in 1979. The 1999 CBECS estimated that 4.7 million commercial buildings (± 0.4 million buildings, at the 95% confidence level) were present in the United States in that year. Those buildings comprised a total of 67.3 (± 4.6) billion square feet of floorspace. Additional information on 1979 to 1999 trends

351

Number of Retail Customers by State by Sector, 1990-2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Number of Retail Customers by State by Sector, 1990-2012" Number of Retail Customers by State by Sector, 1990-2012" "Year","State","Industry Sector Category","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Other","Total" 2012,"AK","Total Electric Industry",275405,48790,1263,0,"NA",325458 2012,"AL","Total Electric Industry",2150977,357395,7168,0,"NA",2515540 2012,"AR","Total Electric Industry",1332154,181823,33926,2,"NA",1547905 2012,"AZ","Total Electric Industry",2585638,305250,7740,0,"NA",2898628 2012,"CA","Total Electric Industry",13101887,1834779,73805,12,"NA",15010483

352

Retail Sales of Electricity (Megawatthours) by State by Sector by Provider, 1990  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Retail Sales of Electricity (Megawatthours) by State by Sector by Provider, 1990-2012" Retail Sales of Electricity (Megawatthours) by State by Sector by Provider, 1990-2012" "Year","State","Industry Sector Category","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Other","Total" 2012,"AK","Total Electric Industry",2160196,2875038,1381177,0,"NA",6416411 2012,"AL","Total Electric Industry",30632261,21799181,33751106,0,"NA",86182548 2012,"AR","Total Electric Industry",17909301,12102048,16847755,463,"NA",46859567 2012,"AZ","Total Electric Industry",32922970,29692256,12448117,0,"NA",75063343 2012,"CA","Total Electric Industry",90109995,121791536,46951714,684793,"NA",259538038

353

DOE Brings Together Private-Sector Leaders to Reduce Petroleum Use  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Brings Together Private-Sector Leaders to Reduce Petroleum Use Brings Together Private-Sector Leaders to Reduce Petroleum Use The National Clean Fleets Partnership is helping America's largest commercial fleets speed the adoption of alternative fuels, electric vehicles, and fuel economy improvements. In April 2011, President Barack Obama announced the launch of the National Clean Fleets Partnership - an initiative to reduce the country's dependence on imported oil. Less than a year later, the partnership has grown to include 14 of the nation's largest private-sector fleets (noted in sidebar). Together, the partners operate more than 1 million vehicles across the nation and

354

Technology Commercialization Program 1991  

SciTech Connect

This reference compilation describes the Technology Commercialization Program of the Department of Energy, Defense Programs. The compilation consists of two sections. Section 1, Plans and Procedures, describes the plans and procedures of the Defense Programs Technology Commercialization Program. The second section, Legislation and Policy, identifies legislation and policy related to the Program. The procedures for implementing statutory and regulatory requirements are evolving with time. This document will be periodically updated to reflect changes and new material.

Not Available

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Agricultural commercialization and diversification: processes and policies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Agricultural commercialization and diversification involve the gradual replacement of integrated farming systems by specialized enterprises for crop, livestock, poultry and aquaculture products. Changes in product mix and input uses are determined largely by the market forces during this transition. Commercialization of agricultural production is an endogenous process and is accompanied by economic growth, urbanization and withdrawal of labor from the agricultural sector. This paper provides a selective overview and synthesis of the issues involved in the commercialization and diversification process of agriculture, drawing in significant part from the papers in this volume. Based on an assessment of the process observed in selected countries, we show that the commercialization process should not be expected to be a frictionless process, and significant equity and environmental consequences may occur, at least in the short to medium term, particularly when inappropriate policies are followed. However, we highlight that appropriate government policies including investment in rural infrastructure and crop improvement research and extension, establishment of secure rights to land and water, and development and liberalization of capital markets, can help alleviate many of the possible adverse transitional consequences.

Prabhu L. Pingali; Mark W. Rosegrant

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Renewable Energy Consumption by Energy Use Sector and Energy Source, 2004 -  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by Energy Use Sector and Energy Source, 2004 - by Energy Use Sector and Energy Source, 2004 - 2008 Dataset Summary Description Provides annual consumption (in quadrillion Btu) of renewable energy by energy use sector (residential, commercial, industrial, transportation and electricity) and by energy source (e.g. solar, biofuel) for 2004 through 2008. Original sources for data are cited on spreadsheet. Also available from: www.eia.gov/cneaf/solar.renewables/page/trends/table1_2.xls Source EIA Date Released August 01st, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords annual energy consumption biodiesel Biofuels biomass energy use by sector ethanol geothermal Hydroelectric Conventional Landfill Gas MSW Biogenic Other Biomass renewable energy Solar Thermal/PV Waste wind Wood and Derived Fuels Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon RE Consumption by Energy Use Sector, Excel file (xls, 32.8 KiB)

357

Working with the Private Sector to Achieve a Clean Energy Economy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Working with the Private Sector to Achieve a Clean Energy Economy Working with the Private Sector to Achieve a Clean Energy Economy Working with the Private Sector to Achieve a Clean Energy Economy October 29, 2010 - 10:39am Addthis Doug Schultz Program Director, Loan Programs Office of the Department of Energy. What does this project do? Brings more certainty to the market by incentivizing the capital markets. Increases non-government lending capacity to the renewable sector. Provides a bridge between innovative but high tech risk projects and commercial technology projects whose risk profiles banks readily assume. It's an example of how the Administration is working with the private sector to achieve its goal of a clean energy economy. Today, I had the pleasure to speak to some of the leading power industry players about the DOE Loan Program Office's (LPO) Financial Institution

358

Working with the Private Sector to Achieve a Clean Energy Economy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

with the Private Sector to Achieve a Clean Energy Economy with the Private Sector to Achieve a Clean Energy Economy Working with the Private Sector to Achieve a Clean Energy Economy October 29, 2010 - 10:39am Addthis Doug Schultz Program Director, Loan Programs Office of the Department of Energy. What does this project do? Brings more certainty to the market by incentivizing the capital markets. Increases non-government lending capacity to the renewable sector. Provides a bridge between innovative but high tech risk projects and commercial technology projects whose risk profiles banks readily assume. It's an example of how the Administration is working with the private sector to achieve its goal of a clean energy economy. Today, I had the pleasure to speak to some of the leading power industry players about the DOE Loan Program Office's (LPO) Financial Institution

359

Commercial Space Activities at Goddard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, environmental verification, and engineering `Best Practices' requirements #12;Commercial Utilization's commercial practices and processes · Brief summary of procurement activities under the three Rapid Catalogs Quantity ­ Leverage commercial practices and processes when possible ­ NASA mission assurance

Waliser, Duane E.

360

Name Address Place Zip Sector Product Stock Symbol Year founded Number  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Address Place Zip Sector Product Stock Symbol Year founded Number Address Place Zip Sector Product Stock Symbol Year founded Number of employees Number of employees Telephone number Website Coordinates Region ABS Alaskan Inc Van Horn Rd Fairbanks Alaska Gateway Solar Wind energy Marine and Hydrokinetic Solar PV Solar thermal Wind Hydro Small scale wind turbine up to kW and solar systems distributor http www absak com United States AER NY Kinetics LLC PO Box Entrance Avenue Ogdensburg Marine and Hydrokinetic United States AW Energy Lars Sonckin kaari Espoo FI Marine and Hydrokinetic http www aw energy com Finland AWS Ocean Energy formerly Oceanergia Redshank House Alness Point Business Park Alness Ross shire IV17 UP Marine and Hydrokinetic http www awsocean com United Kingdom Able Technologies Audubon Road Englewood Marine and Hydrokinetic http

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Conceptual design and system studies for a 600 kW repetitive pulse transformer  

SciTech Connect

Pulse transformer conceptual design and system studies were conducted at the Westinghouse Science and Technology Center for the Sandia National Laboratories' Repetitive High Energy Pulsed Power (RHEPP) System. The RHEPP system relies on magnetic switches to achieve pulse compression from 120 Hz ac to microsecond pulses. A 600 kW, 120 Hz Westinghouse alternator supplies ac prime power at 10 kV (rms). Two magnetic switching stages will compress the pulses to 115 usec prior to the pulse transformer. The transformer steps the voltage up to 254 kV. The pulse transformer has an 18:1 turns ratio and is capable of continuous duty operation. System studies were conducted to minimize transformer loss and leakage inductance within transformer size constraints. The optimized design had a 3-step nickel iron core with 9 primary turns. 7 refs., 15 figs.

Hall, D.J.; Pavlik, D.; Roach, J.F. (Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (USA). Science and Technology Center); Harjes, H.C. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Enertech 2-kW high-reliability wind system. Phase II. Fabrication and testing  

SciTech Connect

A high-reliability wind machine rated for 2 kW in a 9 m/s wind has been developed. Activities are summarized that are centered on the fabrication and testing of prototypes of the wind machine. The test results verified that the wind machine met the power output specification and that the variable-pitch rotor effectively controlled the rotor speed for wind speeds up to 50 mph. Three prototypes of the wind machine were shipped to the Rocky Flats test center in September through November of 1979. Work was also performed to reduce the start-up wind speed. The start-up wind speed to the Enertech facility has been reduced to 4.5 m/s.

Cordes, J A; Johnson, B A

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Development of a 402.5 MHz 140 kW Inductive Output Tube  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the results of Phase I of an SBIR to develop a Pulsed Inductive Output Tube (IOT) with 140 kW at 400 MHz for powering H-proton beams. A number of sources, including single beam and multiple beam klystrons, can provide this power, but the IOT provides higher efficiency. Efficiencies exceeding 70% are routinely achieved. The gain is typically limited to approximately 24 dB; however, the availability of highly efficient, solid state drivers reduces the significance of this limitation, particularly at lower frequencies. This program initially focused on developing a 402 MHz IOT; however, the DOE requirement for this device was terminated during the program. The SBIR effort was refocused on improving the IOT design codes to more accurately simulate the time dependent behavior of the input cavity, electron gun, output cavity, and collector. Significant improvement was achieved in modeling capability and simulation accuracy.

R. Lawrence Ives; Michael Read, Robert Jackson

2012-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

364

Design of a 1 kW class gamma type Stirling engine  

SciTech Connect

The study for a design on a kinematic drive gamma type Stirling engine is reported. This unit enters in the 1kW class and it is conceived to move a portable electric generator. The peculiarity of this unit is basically to use components taken from the line production, and also for the parts designed specifically for this application all the efforts are directed to simplicity in terms of material and manufacture. At first the engine performance targets are defined in compatibility with the components taken from a large scale production compressor and then the new components like the heat exchangers and the crank mechanism are designed. Two pre-tests are effected: one to define the performances of the induction motor in the electric regenerative mode and another running the machine as a refrigerator.

Raggi, L.; Katsuta, Masafumi [Waseda Univ., Tokyo (Japan); Sekiya, Hiroshi [Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd., Gumma (Japan)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

365

Sector Profiles of Significant Large CHP Markets, March 2004  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Overview of market assessments of large CHP sector profiles of the chemicals, food, and pharmaceuticals sectors

366

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Industrial sector energy demand Industrial sector energy demand On This Page Heat and power energy... Industrial fuel mix changes... Iron and steel... Delivered energy use... Chemical industry use of fuels... Output growth for... Industrial and commercial... Heat and power energy consumption increases in manufacturing industries Despite a 54-percent increase in industrial shipments, industrial energy consumption increases by only 19 percent from 2009 to 2035 in the AEO2011 Reference case. Energy consumption growth is moderated by a shift in the mix of output, as growth in energy-intensive manufacturing output (aluminum, steel, bulk chemicals, paper, and refining) slows and growth in high-value (but less energy-intensive) industries, such as computers and transportation equipment, accelerates. figure data

367

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

coal Residential coal Residential market trends icon Market Trends In the AEO2011 Reference case, residential energy use per capita declines by 17.0 percent from 2009 to 2035 (Figure 58). Delivered energy use stays relatively constant while population grows by 26.7 percent during the period. Growth in the number of homes and in average square footage leads to increased demand for energy services, which is offset in part by efficiency gains in space heating, water heating, and lighting equipment. Population shifts to warmer and drier climates also reduce energy demand for space heating. See more issues Issues in Focus In 2009, the residential and commercial buildings sectors used 19.6 quadrillion Btu of delivered energy, or 21 percent of total U.S. energy consumption. The residential sector accounted for 57 percent of that energy

368

Carbon dioxide emissions from the U.S. electricity sector  

SciTech Connect

As climate change negotiators from around the world prepared together in 1996 to consider new international targets and policies for greenhouse-gas reductions, the US Department of Energy asked the authors to review the options available to the electricity sector to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions. The charge was to focus on supply-side options and utility demand-side management (DSM) programs because other researchers were considered energy efficiency options for the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors. The next section presents the EIA baseline projections of electricity production, use, and CO{sub 2} emissions to the year 2010. Subsequent sections briefly summarize the options available to the electricity industry to reduce its CO{sub 2} emissions, speculate on how industry restructuring might affect the ability of the industry and its regulators to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions, and discuss the policies available to affect those emissions: research and development, voluntary programs, regulation, and fiscal policies.

Hirst, E.; Baxter, L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Dissipative hidden sector dark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple way of explaining dark matter without modifying known Standard Model physics is to require the existence of a hidden sector, which interacts with the visible one predominantly via gravity. We consider a hidden sector containing two stable particles charged under an unbroken $U(1)^{'}$ gauge symmetry, hence featuring dissipative interactions. The massless gauge field associated with this symmetry can interact via kinetic mixing with the ordinary photon. In fact, such an interaction of strength $\\epsilon \\sim 10^{-9}$ appears to be necessary in order to explain galactic structure. We calculate the effect of this new physics on Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and its contribution to the relativistic energy density at Hydrogen recombination. Subsequently we examine the process of dark recombination, during which neutral dark states are formed, which is important for large-scale structure formation. We then analyze the phenomenology of our model in the context of galactic structure, and find that it can reproduc...

Foot, R

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Competition on the Hospital Sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This article is about the role of competition in the health care sector. It concentrates on competition amongst hospitals for fixed budgets. The literature supports the argument that with fixed prices hospitals will compete on quality dimensions, and quality of output will increase. Under variable prices, competition can lead to chiseling of output quality. The evidence, at least with respect to the UK, shows that competition need not have an adverse effect on equity of access to health care.

Z. Cooper; A. McGuire

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

IID Energy - Commercial Rebate Program (Commercial Check Me) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IID Energy - Commercial Rebate Program (Commercial Check Me) IID Energy - Commercial Rebate Program (Commercial Check Me) IID Energy - Commercial Rebate Program (Commercial Check Me) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Construction Commercial Weatherization Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate General: $100,000 per customer per year; may not exceed 50% of the total installed cost of measures New Construction (Whole Building Approach - Owner): $150,000 per year New Construction (Whole Building Approach - Design Team): $30,000 per year New Construction (Systems Approach): $50,000 per year Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Programmable Thermostats: $50/unit

372

Behavior of liquid lithium jet irradiated by 1 MeV electron beams up to 20 kW  

SciTech Connect

Experiments were conducted to demonstrate the stable operation of the windowless liquid lithium target under extreme thermal loads that are equivalent to uranium beams from the proposed Rare Isotope Accelerator (RIA) driver linac. The cross section of the windowless liquid lithium target was 5 mmx10 mm and the velocity of the liquid lithium was varied up to 6 m/s. Thermal loads up to 20 kW within a beam spot of 1 mm in diameter were applied on the windowless liquid lithium target by 1 MeV electron beams. The maximum power density and total power deposited within the target was equivalent to that of a 200 kW, 400 MeV/u uranium beam. It was demonstrated that the windowless liquid lithium target flowing at as low as 1.8 m/s stably operates at a beam energy deposition up to 20 kW without disruption or excess vaporization.

Nolen, J.A.; Reed, C.B.; Novick, V.J.; Specht, J.R.; Bogaty, J.M.; Plotkin, P.; Momozaki, Y. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Nuclear Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Energy Technology Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Nuclear Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

Average Commercial Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

374

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

375

Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Summary Last modified on April 2, 2013. Financial Incentive Program Place Utah Name Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing (Utah) Incentive Type PACE Financing Applicable Sector Commercial, Fed. Government, Industrial, Local Government, Multi-Family Residential, Nonprofit, State Government Eligible Technologies Boilers, Building Insulation, Caulking/Weather-stripping, Central Air conditioners, Chillers, Custom/Others pending approval, Doors, Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls, Equipment Insulation, Furnaces, Heat pumps, Heat recovery, Lighting, Programmable Thermostats, Roofs, Windows, Daylighting, Geothermal Direct Use, Geothermal Electric, Geothermal Heat Pumps, Other Distributed Generation Technologies, Photovoltaics, Small Hydroelectric, Small Wind, Solar Water Heat, Wind

376

Calistoga Private and Commercial Industrial Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Calistoga Private and Commercial Industrial Low Temperature Geothermal Calistoga Private and Commercial Industrial Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Calistoga Private and Commercial Industrial Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Calistoga Private and Commercial Sector Geothermal energy Type Industrial Location Calistoga, California Coordinates 38.5787965°, -122.5797054° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

377

Scale Matters: An Action Plan for Realizing Sector-Wide "Zero-Energy"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this are noteworthy: 1) the growing market interest in "green buildings" and "sustainable design", 2) the major, LBNL, AIA, ASHRAE, USGBC and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) are developing an "action plan" for moving the U.S. commercial building sector towards zero energy performance

378

The impact on photovoltaic worth of utulity rate and reform and of specific market, financial, and policy variables : a commercialindustrialinstitution sector analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work provides an assessment of the economic outlook for photovoltaic systems in the commercial, industrial and institutional sectors in the year 1986. We first summarize the expected cost and performance goals for ...

Dinwoodie, Thomas L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Water Impacts of the Electricity Sector (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation discusses the water impacts of the electricity sector. Nationally, the electricity sector is a major end-user of water. Water issues affect power plants throughout the nation.

Macknick, J.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Pathways to commercial success  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HYDROGEN, FUEL CELLS & INFRASTRUCTURE HYDROGEN, FUEL CELLS & INFRASTRUCTURE TECHNOLOGIES (HFCIT) PROGRAM Pathways to Commercial Success: Technologies and Products Supported by the Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies Program August 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies Program iii Table of Contents Summary .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. v 1.0 Introduction.......................................................................................................................................................................................................1-1

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

PHOTOVOLTAICS AND COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS--  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

know that solar energy is environ- mentally attractive--and that photovoltaic or PV systems have made's electrical output matches well with patterns of energy use in commercial buildings, promoting effective convey tax advantages, such as accelerated depreciation and a federal income tax credit. M ost people

Perez, Richard R.

382

Advanced Vehicle Electrification and Transportation Sector Electrifica...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Advanced Vehicle Electrification and Transportation Sector Electrification Plug-in Hybrid (PHEV) Vehicle Technology Advancement and...

383

The private sector offers an alternative  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... industrialists have been trying to launch an alternative to the sixth generation computer project with private sector funding.

David Swinbanks

1991-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

384

2 - The evolution, reform and development of the Chinese banking sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: Since the late 1970s, a series of banking reforms have been implemented by the Chinese government to improve the performance, enhance the stability, and create a more competitive environment in the banking sector. This chapter will start by reviewing banking reforms since 1979 and then review the structure of the Chinese banking sector. This will be followed by an overview of the Chinese banking sector over the period 200311 with emphasis on different indicators such as market share of assets, volume of non-performing loans and non-performing loan ratios, and capital adequacy and profitability of different ownerships of commercial banks. The chapter is structured as follows: Chinas banking reforms reviews Chinese banking reforms that have taken place over the last three decades. Structure of the Chinese banking sector looks at the structure of the Chinese banking sector with a focus on the introduction of banking regulatory authority and different ownerships of commercial banks. Overview of the Chinese banking sector over the period 200311 and Summary and conclusion bring the chapter to an end.

Yong Tan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Residential and commercial buildings data book: Third edition  

SciTech Connect

This Data Book updates and expands the previous Data Book originally published by the Department of Energy in September, 1986 (DOE/RL/01830/16). Energy-related information is provided under the following headings: Characteristics of Residential Buildings in the US; Characteristics of New Single Family Construction in the US; Characteristics of New Multi-Family Construction in the US; Household Appliances; Residential Sector Energy Consumption, Prices, and Expenditures; Characteristics of US Commercial Buildings; Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption, Prices, and Expenditures; and Additional Buildings and Community Systems Information. 12 refs., 59 figs., 118 tabs.

Amols, G.R.; Howard, K.B.; Nicholls, A.K.; Guerra, T.D.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Buildings Energy Data Book: 8.1 Buildings Sector Water Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

1 1 Total Use of Water by Buildings (Million Gallons per Day) (1) Year 1985 1990 1995 2000 (2) 2005 (3) Note(s): Source(s): 1) Includes water from the public supply and self-supplied sources (e.g., wells) for residential and commercial sectors. 2) USGS did not estimate water use in the commercial and residential sectors for 2000. Estimates are based on available data and 1995 splits between domestic and commercial use. 3) USGS did not estimate commercial sector use for 2005. Estimated based on available data and commercial percentage in 1995. U.S. Geological Survey, Estimated Use of Water in the U.S. in 1985, U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1004, 1988; U.S. Geological Survey, Estimated Use of Water in the U.S. in 1990, U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1081, 1993; U.S. Geological Survey, Estimated Use of Water in the U.S. in 1995, U.S. Geological

387

FLOATING PRESSURE CONVERSION AND EQUIPMENT UPGRADES OF TWO 3.5KW, 20K, HELIUM REFRIGERATORS  

SciTech Connect

Two helium refrigerators, each rated for 3.5 KW at 20 K, are used at NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC) in Building No. 32 to provide cryogenic-pumping within two large thermal-vacuum chambers. These refrigerators were originally commissioned in 1996. New changes to the controls of these refrigerators were recently completed. This paper describes some of the control issues that necessitated the controls change-over. It will describe the modifications and the new process control which allows the refrigerators to take advantage of the Ganni Cycle floating pressure control technology. The controls philosophy change-over to the floating pressure control technology was the first application on a helium gas refrigeration system. Previous implementations of the floating pressure technology have been on 4 K liquefaction and refrigeration systems, which have stored liquid helium volumes that have level indications used for varying the pressure levels (charge) in the system for capacity modulation. The upgrades have greatly improved the performance, stability, and efficiency of these two refrigerators. The upgrades have also given the operators more information and details about the operational status of the main components (compressors, expanders etc.) of the refrigerators at all operating conditions (i.e. at various loads in the vacuum chambers). The performance data of the two systems, pre and post upgrading are presented.

J. Homan, V. Ganni, A. Sidi-Yekhlef, J. Creel, R. Norton, R. Linza, G. Vargas, J. Lauterbach, J. Urbin, D. Howe

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Performance evaluation of a 250 kW switched reluctance starter generator  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the system integration and performance evaluation testing of a high speed, 250 kW starter/generator [S/G] system used for starting and secondary electrical power extraction from an aircraft propulsion gas turbine. The effort described here is part of a contract sponsored by the USAF, Wright Laboratories, WPAFB. The paper describes a switched reluctance [SR] machine which is operating both as a motor and generator in a speed range of 0 to 22,224 rpm. Additionally it is one of the highest rated motor/generator systems in the SR technology. The system employs two independent channels consisting of two groups of three phase windings, two three phase inverters, and two controllers and can provide two different power output buses for independent loading. The system hardware is described briefly followed by a detailed description of the test results. These show some surprises with regards to single channel operating mode. A brief derivation and explanation of the findings is provided. The motor/generator system is planned to be part of a more electric aircraft power system.

Richter, E.; Ferreira, C.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

389

Design and Operation of a 4kW Linear Motor Driven Pulse Tube Cryocooler  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 4 kW electrical input Linear Motor driven pulse tube cryocooler has successfully been designed built and tested. The optimum operation frequency is 60 Hz with a design refrigeration of >200 W at 80 K. The design exercise involved modeling and optimization in DeltaE software. Load matching between the cold head and linear motor was achieved by careful sizing of the transfer tube. The cryocooler makes use of a dual orifice inertance network and a single compliance tank for phase optimization and streaming suppression in the pulse tube. The in?line cold head design is modular in structure for convenient change?out and re?assembly of various components. The Regenerator consists of layers of two different grades of wire?mesh. The Linear motor is a clearance seal dual opposed piston design from CFIC Inc. Initial results have demonstrated the refrigeration target of 200 W by liquefying Nitrogen from an ambient temperature and pressure. Overall Carnot efficiencies of 13% have been achieved and efforts to further improve efficiencies are underway. Linear motor efficiencies up to 84% have been observed.

J. H. Zia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

MegaProto: 1 TFlops/10 kW Rack Is Feasible Even with Only Commodity Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MegaProto: 1 TFlops/10 kW Rack Is Feasible Even with Only Commodity Technology Hiroshi Nakashima cluster build only with commodity components to implement this claim. A one-rack system is composed of 32 as with other racks. Each cluster unit houses 16 low-power dollar- bill-sized commodity PC

391

Comparative life cycle energy, emission, and economic analysis of 100kW nameplate wind power generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study compares three configurations of wind turbines to produce a nameplate power of 100kW applying LCA methodology over a lifetime of 25 years. Alternatives under study are: installing twenty Endurance (EN) 5kW, or five Jacobs (JA) 20kW, or one Northern Power (NP) 100kW turbines in the Halkirk region of Alberta, Canada. The comparison has been done taking life cycle energy, environment and economic aspects into consideration. Each parameter has been quantified corresponding to a functional unit (FU) of 1kWh. Life cycle energy requirement for NP is found to be 133.3kJ/kWh, which is about 69% and 41% less than EN and JA respectively. Global warming impact from NP is found to be 17.8gCO2eq/kWh, which is around 58% and 29% less respective to EN and JA. The acidification (SO2eq/kWh) and ground level ozone [(VOC+NOx)/kWh] impacts from NP are also found significantly less compared to EN and JA configuration. The difference in relative environmental impacts from configurations is found to be less while performing uncertainty analysis, but does not alter the ranking of configurations. At 10% internal rate of return (IRR), electricity price for NP is 0.21$/kWh, whereas EN and JA prices are 65% and 16% higher respectively.

Md Ruhul Kabir; Braden Rooke; G.D. Malinga Dassanayake; Brian A. Fleck

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

160,000-r/min, 2.7-kW Electric Drive of Supercharger for Automobiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

160,000-r/min, 2.7-kW Electric Drive of Supercharger for Automobiles Toshihiko Noguchi, Senior synchronous motor drive for a supercharger of an automobile internal combustion engine. Conventional implementation in automobiles. In order to overcome the problems to achieve the above goals, a guideline

Fujimoto, Hiroshi

393

A 100 kW three-phase plasma torch for low LHV fuel valorisation and other applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with graphite electrodes is detailed. This plasma torch is working with atmospheric air as plasma gas and hasA 100 kW three-phase plasma torch for low LHV fuel valorisation and other applications S. TAKALI, F. Another alternative consists in plasma torches and in particular those with three phase current supply

394

Use of Low-Volatile Solid Fuels in a 100 kW Chemical-Looping Combustor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Swedish wood char and Mexican petcoke, both having low volatile content, were used as fuel. ... The carbon capture efficiency was high with wood char, but not as high with petcoke. ... Using petcoke as fuel, high gas conversion was achieved even when employing very high fuel power, 148 kW. ...

Carl Linderholm; Matthias Schmitz; Pavleta Knutsson; Malin Klln; Anders Lyngfelt

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

395

110 kW Stationary Combined Heat and Power Systems Status and Technical Potential: Independent Review  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This independent review examines the status and technical potential of 1-10 kW stationary combined heat and power fuel cell systems and analyzes the achievability of the DOE cost, efficiency, and durability targets for 2012, 2015, and 2020.

396

AN ADJUSTABLE THICKNESS Li/Be TARGET FOR FRAGMENTATION OF 3-kW HEAVY ION BEAMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the target and is carried away by the recirculating liquid lithium loop. It is designed for high power beams in the mass range from oxygen to calcium. Tapered beryllium windows combined with a uniform thickness lithium power of up to 3 kW is currently under construction for use with beams from oxygen to calcium

Harilal, S. S.

397

Design of a 2.5kW Low Temperature Stirling Engine for Distributed Solar Thermal Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design of a 2.5kW Low Temperature Stirling Engine for Distributed Solar Thermal Generation Mike He on the design of a Stirling engine for distributed solar thermal ap- plications. In particular, we design renewable energy applications. A key advantage of a solar thermal system is that they can incorporate

Sanders, Seth

398

Development and testing of 100-kW/ 1-minute Li-ion battery systems for energy storage applications.  

SciTech Connect

Two 100 kW min{sup -1} (1.67 kW h{sup -1}) Li-ion battery energy storage systems (BESS) are described. The systems include a high-power Li-ion battery and a 100 kW power conditioning system (PCS). The battery consists of 12 modules of 12 series-connected Saft Li-ion VL30P cells. The stored energy of the battery ranges from 1.67 to 14 kW h{sup -1} and has an operating voltage window of 515-405 V (dc). Two complete systems were designed, built and successfully passed factory acceptance testing after which each was deployed in a field demonstration. The first demonstration used the system to supplement distributed microturbine generation and to provide load following capability. The system was run at its rated power level for 3 min, which exceeded the battery design goal by a factor of 3. The second demonstration used another system as a stand-alone uninterrupted power supply (UPS). The system was available (online) for 1146 h and ran for over 2 min.

Doughty, Daniel Harvey; Clark, Nancy H.

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Danish Government - Sector Programmes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Government - Sector Programmes Government - Sector Programmes Jump to: navigation, search Name Danish Government - Sector Programmes Agency/Company /Organization Danish Government Partner Danish Ministry for Climate, Energy, and Building; The Danish Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Wind Topics Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Policies/deployment programs Program End 2012 Country South Africa, Vietnam Southern Africa, South-Eastern Asia References Denmark[1] Promoting wind energy in South Africa and energy efficiency in Vietnam (subject to parliamentary approval) References ↑ "Denmark" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Danish_Government_-_Sector_Programmes&oldid=580876" Category: Programs

400

The Changing US Electric Sector Business Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Changing US Electric Sector Business Model CATEE 2013 Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference San Antonio, Texas December 17, 2013 ESL-KT-13-12-57 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16...-18 Copyright 2013 Deloitte Development LLC. All rights reserved. Fundamentals of the US Electric Sector Business Model Todays Challenges Faced by U.S. Electric Sector The Math Does Not Lie: A Look into the Sectors Future Disruption to Today...

Aliff, G.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

402

Macroscopic theory of dark sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple Lagrangian with squared covariant divergence of a vector field as a kinetic term turned out an adequate tool for macroscopic description of the dark sector. The zero-mass field acts as the dark energy. Its energy-momentum tensor is a simple additive to the cosmological constant. Massive fields {\\phi}_{I} with {\\phi}^{K}{\\phi}_{K}0 describe two different forms of dark matter. The space-like ({\\phi}^{K}{\\phi}_{K}0) massive field displays repulsive elasticity. In balance with dark energy and ordinary matter it provides a four parametric diversity of regular solutions of the Einstein equations describing different possible cosmological and oscillating non-singular scenarios of evolution of the universe. In particular, the singular big bang turns into a regular inflation-like transition from contraction to expansion with the accelerate expansion at late times. The fine-tuned Friedman-Robertson-Walker singular solution is a particular limiting case at the boundary of existence of regular oscillating solutions in the absence of vector fields. The simplicity of the general covariant expression for the energy-momentum tensor allows to display the main properties of the dark sector analytically and avoid unnecessary model assumptions.

Boris E. Meierovich

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

403

Working to Achieve Cybersecurity in the Energy Sector | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Working to Achieve Cybersecurity in the Energy Sector Working to Achieve Cybersecurity in the Energy Sector Presentation covers cybersecurity in the energy sector and is given at...

404

Private Sector Outreach and Partnerships | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Private Sector Outreach and Partnerships Private Sector Outreach and Partnerships ISER's partnerships with the private sector are a strength which has enabled the division to...

405

Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector Reforms in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis...

406

Better Buildings Alliance for the Public Sector | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Better Buildings Alliance for the Public Sector Better Buildings Alliance for the Public Sector Better Buildings Alliance for the Public Sector Webinar. Presentation More Documents...

407

Commercial equipment cost database  

SciTech Connect

This report, prepared for DOE, Office of Codes and Standards, as part of the Commercial Equipment Standards Program at Pacific Northwest Laboratory, specifically addresses the equipment cost estimates used to evaluate the economic impacts of revised standards. A database including commercial equipment list prices and estimated contractor costs was developed, and through statistical modeling, estimated contractor costs are related to equipment parameters including performance. These models are then used to evaluate cost estimates developed by the ASHRAE 90.1 Standing Standards Project Committee, which is in the process of developing a revised ASHRAE 90.1 standard. The database will also be used to support further evaluation of the manufacturer and consumer impacts of standards. Cost estimates developed from the database will serve as inputs to economic modeling tools, which will be used to estimate these impacts. Preliminary results suggest that list pricing is a suitable measure from which to estimate contractor costs for commercial equipment. Models developed from these cost estimates accurately predict estimated costs. The models also confirm the expected relationships between equipment characteristics and cost. Cost models were developed for gas-fired and electric water heaters, gas-fired packaged boilers, and warm air furnaces for indoor installation. Because of industry concerns about the use of the data, information was not available for the other categories of EPAct-covered equipment. These concerns must be addressed to extend the analysis to all EPAct equipment categories.

Freeman, S.L.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Proceedings: Commercial Refrigeration Research Workshop  

SciTech Connect

Improving refrigeration systems for commercial use can enhance both utility load factors and supermarket profits. This workshop has pinpointed research needs in commercial refrigeration and systems integration for a supermarket environment.

None

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

REPORT OF THE COMMERCIAL FISHERIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REPORT OF THE BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES BIOLOCICAL LABORATORY GALVESTON, TEXAS FISCAL YEAR, GALVESTON, TEXAS Fiscal Year 1966 Milton J. Lindner, Director Robert E. Stevenson, Assistant Director Contribution No. 226, Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Biological Laboratory, Galveston, Texas Circular 268

410

Commercialization of Genetically Engineered Crops  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1993 research-article Commercialization of Genetically Engineered...patent protection of the processes and final products provide...world's food supply. Commercialization of genetically engineered...patent protection of the processes and final products provide...

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Commercial Building Funding Opportunity Webinar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This webinar provide an overview of the Commercial Building Technology Demonstrations Funding Opportunity Announcement DE-FOA-0001084.

412

Chapter 15: Commercial New Construction Protocol  

SciTech Connect

This protocol is intended to describe the recommended method when evaluating the whole-building performance of new construction projects in the commercial sector. The protocol focuses on energy conservation measures (ECMs) measures (or packages of measures) where evaluators can best analyze impacts using building simulation. These ECMs typically require the use of calibrated building simulations under Option D of the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol. Examples of such measures include Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design building certification, novel and/or efficient heating, ventilation, and air conditioning system designs, and extensive building controls systems. In general, it is best to evaluate any ECM (or set of measures) expected to significantly interact with other systems within the building and with savings sensitive to seasonal variations in weather.

Keates, S.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Commercial Building Profiles | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Building Profiles Building Profiles Dataset Summary Description This dataset includes simulation results from a national-scale study of the commercial buildings sector. Electric load profiles contain the hour-by-hour demand for electricity for each building. Summary tables describe individual buildings and their overall annual energy performance. The study developed detailed EnergyPlus models for 4,820 different samples in 2003 CBECS. Simulation output is available for all and organized by CBECS's identification number in public use datasets. Three modeling scenarios are available: existing stock (with 2003 historical weather), stock as if rebuilt new (with typical weather), and the stock if rebuilt using maximum efficiency technology (with typical weather). The following reports describe how the dataset was developed:

414

SECTOR MANAGER CONTACT INFORMATION As of 13 May 2014  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-545-0013 paulasectorX@yahoo.com Northeast Fishery Sector XI Sector Manager: Josh Wiersma PO Box 118 Portsmouth NH 03802 603-682-6115 josh.wiersma@gmail.com Northeast Fishery Sector XIII Sector Manager: John Haran 205

415

Commercial Feeding Stuffs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

'7, of the Texas Experiment Station. OBJECTS OF THE LAW. 1. quani or otl tho+ IrllcL. U bu yic 2, he co centa 4. place 5 The intent of the Feeding Stuff Law is to provide means by which every purchaser of feeding stuffs may know exactly what he...371-410-30m TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS BULLETIN NO. 127 March, 1910 Commercial Feeding Stuffs J. W. CARSON and G. S. FRAPS POSTOFFICE COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS AUSTIN, TEXAS: VON BOECKMANN-JONES CO., PRINTERS. 1910...

Carson, J.W.; Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1910-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Utah Clean Cities Transportation Sector Petroleum Reduction Technologi...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Utah Clean Cities Transportation Sector Petroleum Reduction Technologies Program Utah Clean Cities Transportation Sector Petroleum...

417

Federal Opportunities to Leverage the Commercial Building Energy Alliance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

| Building Technologies Program | Building Technologies Program buildings.energy.gov Federal Opportunities to Leverage the Commercial Building Energy Alliance Brian Holuj Building Technologies Program March 15, 2012 IATF Technology Deployment Working Group - Commercial Building Energy Alliance Building owners and operators, efficiency organizations and DOE target common energy efficiency challenges and opportunities Retail and Food Commercial Real Estate Hospitals Service and Hospitality * 55 members * 2.2+ billion ft 2 * 95 members * 5.3+ billion ft 2 * 51 members * 0.5+ billion ft 2 Strength in numbers → Higher Ed sector added in 2011; new members join regularly www.commercialbuildings.energy.gov/alliances 1 | Building Technologies Program buildings.energy.gov Approx. market % from member reported ft

418

Federal Opportunities to Leverage the Commercial Building Energy Alliance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

| Building Technologies Program | Building Technologies Program buildings.energy.gov Federal Opportunities to Leverage the Commercial Building Energy Alliance Brian Holuj Building Technologies Program March 15, 2012 IATF Technology Deployment Working Group - Commercial Building Energy Alliance Building owners and operators, efficiency organizations and DOE target common energy efficiency challenges and opportunities Retail and Food Commercial Real Estate Hospitals Service and Hospitality * 55 members * 2.2+ billion ft 2 * 95 members * 5.3+ billion ft 2 * 51 members * 0.5+ billion ft 2 Strength in numbers → Higher Ed sector added in 2011; new members join regularly www.commercialbuildings.energy.gov/alliances 1 | Building Technologies Program buildings.energy.gov Approx. market % from member reported ft

419

DOE Issues Energy Sector Cyber Organization NOI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Issues National Energy Sector Cyber Organization Notice of Intent Issues National Energy Sector Cyber Organization Notice of Intent February 11, 2010 The Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) announced on Jan. 7 that it intends to issue a Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) for a National Energy Sector Cyber Organization, envisioned as a partnership between the federal government and energy sector stakeholders to protect the bulk power electric grid and aid the integration of smart grid technology to enhance the security of the grid. The cyber organization is expected to have the knowledge, expertise, capabilities, and capacity, at a minimum to: * Identify and prioritize cyber security research and development issues.

420

Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance - Notice of Public Comment: Federal Register Notice, Volume 79, No. 177, September 12, 2014 Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Decoupling limits in multi-sector supergravities  

SciTech Connect

Conventional approaches to cosmology in supergravity assume the existence of multiple sectors that only communicate gravitationally. In principle these sectors decouple in the limit M{sub pl}??. In practice such a limit is delicate: for generic supergravities, where sectors are combined by adding their Khler functions, the separate superpotentials must contain non-vanishing vacuum expectation values supplementing the nave global superpotential. We show that this requires non-canonical scaling in the nave supergravity superpotential couplings to recover independent sectors of globally supersymmetric field theory in the decoupling limit M{sub pl} ? ?.

Achcarro, Ana; Hardeman, Sjoerd; Schalm, Koenraad; Aalst, Ted van der [Instituut-Lorentz for Theoretical Physics, Universiteit Leiden, Niels Bohrweg 2, Leiden (Netherlands); Oberreuter, Johannes M., E-mail: achucar@lorentz.leidenuniv.nl, E-mail: j.m.oberreuter@uva.nl, E-mail: kschalm@lorentz.leidenuniv.nl, E-mail: vdaalst@lorentz.leidenuniv.nl [Instituut voor Theoretische Fysica, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Science Park 904, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Category:Private Sectors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

currently contains no pages or media. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCategory:PrivateSectors&oldid272250" Categories: Programs Projects...

423

Category:Public Sectors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

This category currently contains no pages or media. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCategory:PublicSectors&oldid272249" Categories: Programs Projects...

424

Photonic Sensing Technology in the Energy Sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A review of photonic sensing technologies based on spectroscopic, fiber optics, and LIDAR technologies used in energy sector for measurement and monitoring applications in wind, oil...

Mendez, Alexis

425

Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

and government. In developing this guidance, the Energy Department collaborated with private sector stakeholders through the Electricity Subsector Coordinating Council and the...

426

Draft Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Technology (NIST) released a Cybersecurity Framework. DOE has collaborated with private sector stakeholders through the Electricity Subsector Coordinating Council (ESCC)...

427

Table 4. 2010 State energy-related carbon dioxide emission shares by sector  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2010 State energy-related carbon dioxide emission shares by sector " 2010 State energy-related carbon dioxide emission shares by sector " "percent of total" ,"Shares" "State","Commercial","Electric Power","Residential","Industrial","Transportation" "Alabama",0.01584875241,0.5778871607,0.02136328943,0.1334667239,0.2514340736 "Alaska",0.06448385239,0.0785744956,0.0462016929,0.4291084798,0.3816314793 "Arizona",0.02474932909,0.5668758159,0.02425067581,0.04966758421,0.334456595 "Arkansas",0.03882032779,0.4886410984,0.03509200153,0.1307772146,0.3066693577 "California",0.04308920353,0.1176161395,0.07822332929,0.1824277392,0.5786435885 "Colorado",0.04301641968,0.4131279202,0.08115394032,0.1545280216,0.3081736982

428

Beyond kWh and kW demand: Understanding the new real-time electric power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beyond kWh and kW demand: Understanding the new real-time electric power Beyond kWh and kW demand: Understanding the new real-time electric power measurement system in LBNL Building 90 Speaker(s): Alex McEachern Date: January 14, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 In the Summer of 2009, LBNL researchers installed end-use sub-metering equipment and associated Energy Information System (EIS) tools to characterize energy use and comfort in Building 90. Seven of 40 key electric loads were measured using advanced meters that make sophisticated real-time measurements of dozens of power flow parameters, power disturbances, and harmonics. The talk will review some electrical engineering fundamentals, how use and interpret data measured in building 90 in real-time. The real-time data available includes power, volt-amps, VAR's, unbalance voltage and current, voltage and current distortion,

429

1…10 kW Stationary Combined Heat and Power Systems Status and Technical Potential: Independent Review  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1-10 kW Stationary Combined Heat 1-10 kW Stationary Combined Heat and Power Systems Status and Technical Potential National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard * Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Independent Review Published for the U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program NREL/BK-6A10-48265 November 2010 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or

430

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial Clothes Washers Commercial Clothes Washers Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products Manufacturers have been required to comply with the Department of Energy's (DOE) energy conservation standards for commercial clothes washers since 2007. Commercial clothes washers use a water solution of soap, detergent, or both and mechanical movement to clean clothes. Commercial clothes washers are used in commercial settings, multi-family housing, or laundromats. There are two classes of commercial clothes washers: front-loading and top-loading clothes washers. The current standard will save approximately 0.12 quads of energy and result in approximately $1.1 billion in energy bill savings for products shipped from 2007-2036. The standard will avoid about 6.4 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions, equivalent to the annual greenhouse gas emissions of 1.3 million automobiles.

431

Best Management Practice #11: Commercial Kitchen Equipment |...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

savings. Water-using commercial kitchen equipment include pre-rinse spray valves, wash tanks and sinks, commercial dishwashers, food steamers, steam kettles, commercial ice...

432

Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance More Documents & Publications North American Standard Level VI Inspection...

433

Microsoft PowerPoint - 06 Crawley Drive for Net Zero Energy Commercial Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PROGRAM PROGRAM The Drive for Net-Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Drury B. Crawley, Ph.D. U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Net-Zero Energy Commercial Building Initiative commercialbuildings.energy.gov 1 gy y gy Buildings' Energy Use Net-Zero Energy Commercial Building Initiative commercialbuildings.energy.gov 2 Commercial Square Footage Projections g j 104 Plus ~38B ft. 2 new additions 72 82 66 Minus ~16B ft. 2 demolitions 66 Net-Zero Energy Commercial Building Initiative commercialbuildings.energy.gov 3 Source: EIA's Annual Energy Outlook 2009, Table 5. 2010 2003 2030 Projected Electricity Growth 2010 to 2025, by End-Use Sector (site quad) Net-Zero Energy Commercial Building Initiative commercialbuildings.energy.gov 4 Projected Increase in

434

Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 The commercial module forecasts consumption by fuel 15 at the Census division level using prices from the NEMS energy supply modules, and macroeconomic variables from the NEMS Macroeconomic Activity Module (MAM), as well as external data sources (technology characterizations, for example). Energy demands are forecast for ten end-use services 16 for eleven building categories 17 in each of the nine Census divisions (see Figure 5). The model begins by developing forecasts of floorspace for the 99 building category and Census division combinations. Next, the ten end-use service demands required for the projected floorspace are developed. The electricity generation and water and space heating supplied by distributed generation and combined heat and power technologies are projected. Technologies are then

435

Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(92) (92) Distribution Category UC-950 Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992 April 1994 Energy Information Administration Office of Energy Markets and End Use U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Contacts The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepared this publication under the general direction of W. Calvin Kilgore, Director of the Office of Energy Markets and End Use (202-586-1617). The project was directed by Lynda T. Carlson, Director of the Energy End Use and Integrated Statistics Division (EEUISD) (202-586-1112) and Nancy L. Leach, Chief

436

Energy Efficient Commercial Technologies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Technologies April 11th, 2012 Presented by: Warren Willits Energy Solutions Center (202) 824-7150 www.ESCenter.org Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Spring 2012 Jekyll Island, GA Todays Energy Efficient Technologies  Water Heating  Heating  Air Conditioning  Humidity Control  CHP / Cogeneration Atmospheric Direct Vent High Efficiency .7 EF Atmospheric water heaters now available 97 % efficient tank water heaters now available Traditional Tank Style Water Heating  Tankless Water Heaters  EF = .82 Standard Unit  EF = .97 Condensing  Solar Water Heaters  With H.E. gas back up systems Newer Water Heaters Water Heater Life Cycle Cost Life Cycle Costs Electric Tank Water Heater Gas Water Heater

437

National Electric Sector Cybersecurity Organization Resource (NESCOR)  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the National Electric Sector Cybersecurity Organization Resource (NESCOR) project was to address cyber security issues for the electric sector, particularly in the near and mid-term. The following table identifies the strategies from the DOE Roadmap to Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity published in September 2011 that are applicable to the NESCOR project.

None, None

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

438

Doors open in the private sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Foreign R & D personnel employed by private corporations in Japan PARALLEL with the opening of the public sector there has been rapid ... public sector there has been rapid growth in opportunities for foreign researchers in Japan's private companies. Between 1988 and 1991 the number of foreign researchers in the ...

David Swinbanks

1993-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

439

UK observatories look to private sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... London. The British government has announced that private-sector organizations will be invited to bid for the services provided by its 'Royal ... a negotiator with the Institute of Professionals, Managers and Specialists (IPMS), says that private-sector management of the observatories is not the solution to what he describes as " ...

Ehsan Masood

1996-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

440

Buildings Energy Data Book: 8.3 Commercial Sector Water Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 4 Normalized Annual End Uses of Water in Select Supermarkets in Western United States (1) Fixture/End Use Toilets/Urinals Other/Misc. Indoor (2) Cooling Total Building Size (SF) Benchmarking Values for Supermarkets (3) N Indoor Use with Cooling, gal./SF/year 38 Indoor Use with Cooling, gal./SF/daily transaction 38 Note(s): Source(s): 25th Percentile of Users 52 - 64 9 - 16 1) Water use data for the buildings was collected over a few days. Estimates of annual use were created by accounting for seasonal use and other variables, billing data, and interviews with building managers. 2) Includes water for sinks, spraying vegetables, cleaning, etc. 3) The study derived efficiency benchmarks by analyzing measured data and audit data. The benchmark was set at the lower 25th percentile of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Buildings Energy Data Book: 8.3 Commercial Sector Water Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

5 5 Normalized Annual End Uses of Water in Select Hotels in Western United States (Gallons per Room per Year) (1) Fixture/End Use Bathtub (2) Faucets Showers Toilets Leaks Laundry Ice making (3) Other/misc. indoor Total Indoor Use Number of Rooms Logged average daily use, kgal: Peak instantaneous demand, gpm: Benchmarking Values for Hotels N Indoor Use, gal./day/occupied room 98 Cooling Use, gal./year/occupied room 97 Note(s): Source(s): 25th Percentile of Users 60 - 115 7,400 - 41,600 Based on four budget hotels and one luxury hotel. Three budget hotels in Southern California, one in Phoenix, AZ. Luxury hotel in Los Angeles, CA. 1) Water use data for the buildings was collected over a few days. Estimates of annual use were created by accounting for seasonal use and other variables, billing data, and interviews with building managers. 2) Based on one hotel. 3) Based on three hotels. 5) The

442

Conservation screening curves to compare efficiency investments to power plants: Applications to commercial sector conservation programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

short-run marginal cost or avoided cost) to get a value ofcan be added to the fuel cost avoided by each kWh (i.e. ,CCE, in /kWh) and the Cost of Avoided Peak Power (CAPP, in

Koomey, Jonathan; Rosenfeld, Arthur H.; Gadgil, Ashok J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Energy Use in the U.S. Commercial Sector - Energy Information Administration Data, Information and Analyses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

developments in energy markets. Midterm forecasts are developed and published annually in the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO), which provides projections and analyses of domestic energy consumption, supply, prices, and energy-related carbon dioxide emissions...-term trends in technology development, demographics, economic growth, and energy resources may evolve along a different path than assumed in the AEO reference case. Many of these uncertainties are explored through alternative cases in both the STEO and AEO...

Boedecker, E.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

From comfort to kilowatts: An integrated assessment of electricity conservation in Thailand's commercial sector  

SciTech Connect

This document contains Appendix A, B, and C. In Appendix A, we are working as part of a research project with King Monkut's Institute of Technology, Thonburi, and the University of California, Berkeley (USA) to determine how people respond to the thermal environment inside buildings. We have prepared a short questionnaire which will survey thermal comfort. Our plan is to survey each building during each of three seasons over this year (e.g. hot, rainy, and cool seasons). Appendix B contains supporting technical documentation on conservation potential and Appendix C contains documentation on utility impacts.

Busch, J.F. Jr.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Guidelines for Marketing Demand-Side Management in the Commercial Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For the past decade, electric and gas utilities throughout the nation, not just in hot and humid climates, have promoted energy efficiency through a variety of demand-side management (DSM) programs. In 1984, the Electric Power Research Institute...

George, S. S.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Conservation screening curves to compare efficiency investments to power plants: Applications to commercial sector conservation programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conservation and Renewable Energy, Building EquipmentConservation and Renewable Energy, Office of Buildings andConservation and Renewable Energy, Office of Buildings and

Koomey, Jonathan; Rosenfeld, Arthur H.; Gadgil, Ashok J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

The energy-savings potential of electrochromic windows in the US commercial buildings sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fig. 12. Market penetration rates of electrochromic windowsmarket penetration level in that year. Keywords: Building energy-efficiency, electrochromic

Lee, Eleanor; Yazdanian, Mehry; Selkowitz, Stephen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

The energy-savings potential of electrochromic windows in the US commercial buildings sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alone Photovoltaic-Powered Electrochromic Smart Window.Subject responses to electrochromic windows. To be publishedAnalysis of Prototype Electrochromic Windows, ASHRAE

Lee, Eleanor; Yazdanian, Mehry; Selkowitz, Stephen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Towards a Very Low Energy Building Stock: Modeling the US Commercial Building Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

area and energy use intensity by fuel type and end use), based on historical data and user-defined scenarios for future projections. In addition to supporting the interactive exploration of building stock targeting very low future energy consumption in the building stock. Model use has highlighted the scale

450

Dissemination of Climate Model Output to the Public and Commercial Sector  

SciTech Connect

Climate is defined by the Glossary of Meteorology as the mean of atmospheric variables over a period of time ranging from as short as a few months to multiple years and longer. Although the term climate is often used to refer to long-term weather statistics, the broader definition of climate is the time evolution of a system consisting of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere. Physical, chemical, and biological processes are involved in interactions among the components of the climate system. Vegetation, soil moisture, and glaciers are part of the climate system in addition to the usually considered temperature and precipitation (Pielke, 2008). Climate change refers to any systematic change in the long-term statistics of climate elements (such as temperature, pressure, or winds) sustained over several decades or longer. Climate change can be initiated by external forces, such as cyclical variations in the Earth's solar orbit that are thought to have caused glacial and interglacial periods within the last 2 million years (Milankovitch, 1941). However, a linear response to astronomical forcing does not explain many other observed glacial and interglacial cycles (Petit et al., 1999). It is now understood that climate is influenced by the interaction of solar radiation with atmospheric greenhouse gasses (e.g., carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, methane, nitrous oxide, etc.), aerosols (airborne particles), and Earth's surface. A significant aspect of climate are the interannual cycles, such as the El Nino La Nina cycle which profoundly affects the weather in North America but is outside the scope of weather forecasts. Some of the most significant advances in understanding climate change have evolved from the recognition of the influence of ocean circulations upon the atmosphere (IPCC, 2007). Human activity can affect the climate system through increasing concentrations of atmospheric greenhouse gases, air pollution, increasing concentrations of aerosol, and land alteration. A particular concern is that atmospheric levels of CO{sub 2} may be rising faster than at any time in Earth's history, except possibly following rare events like impacts from large extraterrestrial objects (AMS, 2007). Atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations have increased since the mid-1700s through fossil fuel burning and changes in land use, with more than 80% of this increase occurring since 1900. The increased levels of CO{sub 2} will remain in the atmosphere for hundreds to thousands of years. The complexity of the climate system makes it difficult to predict specific aspects of human-induced climate change, such as exactly how and where changes will occur, and their magnitude. The Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) was established by World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations in 1988. The IPCC was tasked with assessing the scientific, technical and socioeconomic information needed to understand the risk of human-induced climate change, its observed and projected impacts, and options for adaptation and mitigation. The IPCC concluded in its Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) that warming of the climate system is unequivocal, and that most of the observed increase in globally averaged temperatures since the mid-20th century is very likely due to the observed increased in anthropogenic greenhouse gas concentrations (IPCC, 2007).

Robert Stockwell, PhD

2010-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

451

Conservation screening curves to compare efficiency investments to power plants: Applications to commercial sector conservation programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7/kWh Gas Turbine 5/kWh Combined-Cycle Oil Baseload Coal7/kWh Gas Turbine 5/kWh Combined-Cycle Oi Baseload Coalof Supply Technologies CT Combined- Cycle Oil Baseload Coal

Koomey, Jonathan; Rosenfeld, Arthur H.; Gadgil, Ashok J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

Building Type (thousand BtuSF) Consumption | Building Type (thousand BtuSF) Consumption Health Care 345.9 8% | Education 159.0 11% Inpatient 438.8 6% | Service 151.6 4%...

453

Present Status and Perspective of Energy Efficiency and Conservation Policies in Japan Residential and Commercial Sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the status quo of the energy efficiency and conservation policies adopted by the government of Japan, and also addresses some controversial issues on these policies. The major policies conc...

Hidetoshi Nakagami; Yoshiaki Shibata

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

residential sector key indicators | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

residential sector key indicators residential sector key indicators Dataset Summary Description This dataset is the 2009 United States Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption, part of the Source EIA Date Released March 01st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords AEO consumption EIA energy residential sector key indicators Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 2009 Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption (xls, 55.3 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment http://www.eia.gov/abouteia/copyrights_reuse.cfm Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote

455

energy use by sector | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

use by sector use by sector Dataset Summary Description Statistics New Zealand conducted and published results of an energy use survey across industry and trade sectors to evaluate energy use in 2009. The data includes: energy use by fuel type and industry (2009); petrol and diesel purchasing and end use by industry (2009); energy saving initiatives by industry (2009); and areas identified as possibilities for less energy use (2009). Source Statistics New Zealand Date Released October 15th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords diesel energy savings energy use by sector New Zealand petrol Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon New Zealand Energy Use Survey: Industrial and Trade Sectors (xls, 108 KiB) application/zip icon Energy Use Survey (zip, 127 KiB) Quality Metrics

456

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial and Industrial Pumps Energy Conservation Standards Commercial and Industrial Pumps Energy Conservation Standards Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) is considering developing test procedures, labels, and energy conservation standards for commercial and industrial pumps. Pumps exist in numerous applications, including agriculture, oil and gas production, water and wastewater, manufacturing, mining, and commercial building systems. There are currently no federal standards or test procedures for commercial and industrial pumps. Recent Updates | Public Meeting Information | Submitting Public Comments | Milestones and Documents | Related Rulemakings | Statutory Authority | Contact Information Recent Updates DOE published a notice of public meeting and availability of the framework document regarding commercial and industrial pumps. 78 FR 7304 (February 1, 2013).

457

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial Warm Air Furnaces Commercial Warm Air Furnaces Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) has regulated the energy efficiency level of commercial warm air furnaces since 1994. Commercial warm air furnaces are self-contained oil-fired or gas-fired furnaces that are designed to supply heated air through ducts to spaces that require it. Commercial warm air furnaces are industrial equipment and have a maximum rated input capacity of 225,000 British thermal units (Btu) an hour or more. Recent Updates | Standards | Test Procedures | Waiver, Exception, and Exemption Information | Statutory Authority | Historical Information | Contact Information Recent Updates DOE published a request for information regarding energy conservation standards for commercial warm air furnaces. 78 FR 25627 (May 2, 2013). For more information, please see the rulemaking webpage.

458

Transportation Energy Futures Series: Potential for Energy Efficiency Improvement Beyond the Light-Duty-Vehilce Sector  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

COMMERCIAL TRUCKS COMMERCIAL TRUCKS AVIATION MARINE MODES RAILROADS PIPELINES OFF-ROAD EQUIPMENT Potential for Energy Efficiency Improvement Beyond the Light-Duty-Vehicle Sector TRANSPORTATION ENERGY FUTURES SERIES: Potential for Energy Efficiency Improvement Beyond the Light-Duty-Vehicle Sector A Study Sponsored by U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy February 2013 Prepared by ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY Argonne, IL 60439 managed by U Chicago Argonne, LLC for the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY under contract DE-AC02-06CH11357 This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or

459

Value chain analysis of the aquaculture feed sector in Egypt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study was carried out to evaluate the value chain performance of the aquaculture feed sector in Egypt, in terms of value addition, employment and profitability. The strengths and weaknesses of each link of the value chain were assessed and appropriate upgrading, management and development strategies were suggested. Quantitative data were collected for each link in the value-chain through structured questionnaires that were drafted and distributed to the key players in the sector; 25 fish feed mills and 34 fish farms covering different geographical and production regions. The results indicated that the Egyptian aquafeed value-chain is relatively simple; including only four main stakeholder groups. These are feed input suppliers, aquafeed producers, aquafeed marketers and traders and fish farmers. Between 50 and 99% of feed ingredients used in aquafeed production in Egypt are imported. About 90% of Egyptian aquafeeds are produced by the private sector in the form of conventionally pressed, pelleted feeds (8085%) and extruded feeds (1520%). About 85% of those producers sell their feeds directly to farmers with payment either in cash or on credit, while the remaining 15% sell through intermediaries such as traders. State-owned mills produced only 10% of total commercial fish feed production in 2012, exclusively in the form of pressed, pelleted feeds. Employment generation in private sector feed mills was 29.2 full-time equivalent (FTE) jobs per mill, with an average of 3.9 jobs per 1000 tonnes of feed produced. Employment generation in state-owned mills was much higher; with an average of 90.3 FTE per mill. Males represented 90% of the full-time employment in the state-owned mills and 96.6% in the private sector. Feed costs represent 7590% of the total operating costs of the fish farms. The major factors impacting on the performance of the value-chain relate to inputs, to feed production, to fish farmers and to marketing and financial services. The study recommends actions to mitigate these issues including the local production of more feed raw materials, strengthening quality control and inspection, providing training for feed mills, better organization of fish farmers and improving the legal and policy environment.

Abdel-Fattah M. El-Sayed; Malcolm W. Dickson; Gamal O. El-Naggar

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Electricity On This Page Residential and... Coal-fired plants... Most new capacity... Annual capacity... Growth in generating... Costs and regulatory... EPACT2005 tax... Biomass and wind... Renewable capacity... State portfolio... Electricity use... Real Growth in... Improved interconn... Residential and commercial sectors dominate electricity demand growth Electricity demand growth has slowed in each decade since the 1950s. After 9.8-percent annual growth in the 1950s, demand (including retail sales and direct use) increased 2.4 percent per year in the 1990s. From 2000 to 2009 (including the 2008-2009 economic downturn) demand grew by 0.5 percent per year. In the Reference case, electricity demand growth rebounds but remains relatively slow, as growing demand for electricity services is offset by

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw sector commercial" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. energy demand U.S. energy demand In the United States, average energy use per person declines from 2010 to 2035 figure data Growth in energy use is linked to population growth through increases in housing, commercial floorspace, transportation, and goods and services. These changes affect not only the level of energy use but also the mix of fuels consumed. Changes in the structure of the economy and in the efficiency of the equipment deployed throughout the economy also have an impact on energy use per capita. The shift in the industrial sector away from energy-intensive manufacturing toward services is one reason for the projected decline in industrial energy intensity (energy use per dollar of GDP), but its impact on energy consumption per capita is less direct (Figure 71). From 1990 to

462

Technology Commercialization & Partnerships | BNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology Commercialization & Partnerships Technology Commercialization & Partnerships Home For BNL Inventors For Industry For Entrepreneurs Sponsored Research Search Technologies Patents Contacts TCP Director Connie Cleary Tech Commercialization Christine Brakel Cyrena Condemi Kimberley Elcess Poornima Upadhya Partnerships Mike Furey, Manager Ginny Coccorese Alison Schwarz Intellectual Property Legal Group (Legal Dept.) Dorene Price, Chief Intellectual Property Counsel Lars Husebo, Attorney Maria Pacella, Sr. Staff Specialist William Russell, Asst. Staff Specialist INNOVATION MEETS BUSINESS at Brookhaven National Laboratory. WE GRANT LICENSES for our intellectual property to existing and start up companies. WE SEEK FUNDING from experienced investors to develop our intellectual assets. Tech Commercialization News

463

NREL: Technology Transfer - Commercialization Programs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercialization Programs Commercialization Programs Through our commercialization programs, we help accelerate the transfer of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies into the marketplace. Clean Energy Alliance The Clean Energy Alliance is an alliance of the nation's top business incubators that provide business services to nascent clean energy entrepreneurs. NREL partners with these elite business incubators to help foster the growth of robust clean energy businesses and commercialize their technologies. Colorado Center for Renewable Energy Economic Development Formerly the Colorado Cleantech Initiative program, the Colorado Center for Renewable Energy Economic Development (CREED) is a joint effort between NREL, the State of Colorado, and affiliated stakeholders to provide

464

Commercial Weatherization | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Commercial Weatherization When high energy bills and a dwindling customer base threatened the Athenian Corner's well-being, the restaurant turned to energy efficiency upgrades to help operating costs and improve its bottom line. Learn how energy efficiency upgrades are helping the Athenian Corner be a viable business. When high energy bills and a dwindling customer base threatened the Athenian Corner's well-being, the restaurant turned to energy efficiency upgrades to help operating costs and improve its bottom line. Learn how energy efficiency upgrades are helping the Athenian Corner be a viable business. Commercial buildings consume 19 percent of the energy used in the U.S.

465

Site Map - EERE Commercialization Office  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Map Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Quick Links Energy Innovation Portal Site Map Commercialization Home Page About Success Stories Legacy Initiatives Small...

466

Covered Product Category: Commercial Griddles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for commercial griddles, which is a product category covered by the ENERGY STAR program

467

Covered Product Category: Commercial Ovens  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for commercial ovens, which is a product category covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

468

The process of technology commercialization.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis investigates, describes and understands the extensive process of technology commercialization. What stages there are, important aspects and implications. It is structured as (more)

Holmgren, Annie

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Commercial Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Lighting Commercial Lighting At an estimated cost of $38 billion a year, lighting represents the largest source of electricity consumption in U.S. commercial buildings. By combining an inexpensive camera with a high-speed microprocessor and algorithms, researchers at the National Renewable Energy Lab developed an occupancy sensor can recognize the presence of human occupants more than 90 percent of the time -- an advancement that could lead to enormous energy savings in commercial buildings. At an estimated cost of $38 billion a year, lighting represents the largest source of electricity consumption in U.S. commercial buildings. By combining an inexpensive camera with a high-speed microprocessor and

470

Residential Commercial Industrial Year  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Residential Commercial Industrial Year and State Volume (million cubic feet) Consumers Volume (million cubic feet) Consumers Volume (million cubic feet) Consumers 2000 Total ................... 4,996,179 59,252,728 3,182,469 5,010,817 8,142,240 220,251 2001 Total ................... 4,771,340 60,286,364 3,022,712 4,996,446 7,344,219 217,026 2002 Total ................... 4,888,816 61,107,254 3,144,169 5,064,384 7,507,180 205,915 2003 Total ................... R 5,079,351 R 61,871,450 R 3,179,493 R 5,152,177 R 7,150,396 R 205,514 2004 Total ................... 4,884,521 62,469,142 3,141,653 5,135,985 7,250,634 212,191 Alabama ...................... 43,842 806,175 26,418 65,040 169,135 2,800 Alaska.......................... 18,200 104,360 18,373 13,999 46,580 10 Arizona ........................

471

Federal Sector Renewable Energy Project Implementation: "What's Working and Why"  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Sector Renewable Energy Project Federal Sector Renewable Energy Project Implementation: "What's Working and Why" Implementation: What s Working and Why DOD-DOE Waste-to- Energy and Fuel Cell Workshop January 13, 2011 Bob Westby Bob Westby NREL Laboratory Program Manager: Federal Energy Management Program NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Innovation for Our Energy Future Contents Federal Sector Renewable Energy Project Implementation: "What's Working and Why" "What's Working and Why" ƒ Commercially viable RE technologies ƒ RE project economic drivers ƒ Project construct scenarios ƒ ƒ Implementation mechanisms Implementation mechanisms

472

AEO2011: Natural Gas Delivered Prices by End-Use Sector and Census Division  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Delivered Prices by End-Use Sector and Census Division Delivered Prices by End-Use Sector and Census Division Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 137, and contains only the reference case. This dataset is in trillion cubic feet. The data is broken down into residential, commercial, industrial, electric power and transportation. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Natural Gas Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Natural Gas Delivered Prices by End-Use Sector and Census Division- Reference Case (xls, 140.7 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

473

Electricity Net Generation From Renewable Energy by Energy Use Sector and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Net Generation From Renewable Energy by Energy Use Sector and Net Generation From Renewable Energy by Energy Use Sector and Energy Source, 2004 - 2008 Dataset Summary Description Provides annual net electricity generation (thousand kilowatt-hours) from renewable energy in the United States by energy use sector (commercial, industrial, electric power) and by energy source (e.g. biomas, solar thermal/pv). Source EIA Date Released August 01st, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2004 2008 Electricity net generation renewable energy Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 2008_RE.net_.generation_EIA.Aug_.2010.xls (xls, 16.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2004 - 2008 License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Rate this dataset

474

New Zealand Energy Data: Oil Consumption by Fuel and Sector | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oil Consumption by Fuel and Sector Oil Consumption by Fuel and Sector Dataset Summary Description The New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development publishes energy data including many datasets related to oil and other petroleum products. Included here are two oil consumption datasets: quarterly petrol consumption by sector (agriculture, forestry and fishing; industrial; commercial; residential; transport industry; and international transport), from 1974 to 2010; and oil consumption by fuel type (petrol, diesel, fuel oil, aviation fuels, LPG, and other), also for the years 1974 through 2010. The full 2010 Energy Data File is available: http://www.med.govt.nz/upload/73585/EDF%202010.pdf. Source New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development Date Released Unknown Date Updated July 02nd, 2010 (4 years ago)

475

Renewable Energy Consumption for Nonelectric Use by Energy Use Sector and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nonelectric Use by Energy Use Sector and Nonelectric Use by Energy Use Sector and Energy Source, 2004 - 2008 Dataset Summary Description This dataset provides annual renewable energy consumption (in quadrillion Btu) for nonelectric use in the United States by energy use sector and energy source between 2004 and 2008. The data was compiled and published by EIA; the spreadsheet provides more details about specific sources for data used in the analysis. Source EIA Date Released August 01st, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords Commercial Electric Power Industrial Nonelectric Renewable Energy Consumption Residential transportation Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 2008_RE.Consumption.for_.Non-Elec.Gen_EIA.Aug_.2010.xls (xls, 27.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

476

AEO2011: Natural Gas Consumption by End-Use Sector and Census Division |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Consumption by End-Use Sector and Census Division Consumption by End-Use Sector and Census Division Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 136, and contains only the reference case. This dataset is in trillion cubic feet. The data is broken down into residential, commercial, industrial, electric power and transportation. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Natural gas consumption Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Natural Gas Consumption by End-Use Sector and Census Division- Reference Case (xls, 138.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

477

Spatial Relationships of Sector-Specific Fossil-fuel CO2 Emissions in the United States  

SciTech Connect

Quantification of the spatial distribution of sector-specific fossil fuel CO2 emissions provides strategic information to public and private decision-makers on climate change mitigation options and can provide critical constraints to carbon budget studies being performed at the national to urban scales. This study analyzes the spatial distribution and spatial drivers of total and sectoral fossil fuel CO2 emissions at the state and county levels in the United States. The spatial patterns of absolute versus per capita fossil fuel CO2 emissions differ substantially and these differences are sector-specific. Area-based sources such as those in the residential and commercial sectors are driven by a combination of population and surface temperature with per capita emissions largest in the northern latitudes and continental interior. Emission sources associated with large individual manufacturing or electricity producing facilities are heterogeneously distributed in both absolute and per capita metrics. The relationship between surface temperature and sectoral emissions suggests that the increased electricity consumption due to space cooling requirements under a warmer climate may outweigh the savings generated by lessened space heating. Spatial cluster analysis of fossil fuel CO2 emissions confirms that counties with high (low) CO2 emissions tend to be clustered close to other counties with high (low) CO2 emissions and some of the spatial clustering extends to multi-state spatial domains. This is particularly true for the residential and transportation sectors, suggesting that emissions mitigation policy might best be approached from the regional or multi-state perspective. Our findings underscore the potential for geographically focused, sector-specific emissions mitigation strategies and the importance of accurate spatial distribution of emitting sources when combined with atmospheric monitoring via aircraft, satellite and in situ measurements. Keywords: Fossil-fuel; Carbon dioxide emissions; Sectoral; Spatial cluster; Emissions mitigation policy

Zhou, Yuyu; Gurney, Kevin R.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Application of technology roadmaps for renewable energy sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Technology Roadmapping (TRM) is a growing technique widely used for strategy planning and aligning technology with overall business objectives. Technology roadmaps are extensively used in many diverse fields at product, technology, industry, company and national levels. An increasing number of articles published on TRM and technology roadmaps indicate that there is a growing attention for TRM among the researchers from academia, industry and government. In this article, an overview of the application of TRM in renewable energy sector has been provided. After survey of the relevant academic literature and industry roadmaps, we tried to group the roadmaps related to the renewable energy technologies into national, industry/sector and organizational level roadmaps. Research findings indicate that goals and objectives of renewable energy roadmaps are different at these three levels. At national level, roadmaps focus on future energy security, energy dependence, energy policy formulation and environment protection. At industry/sector level, roadmaps are used to identify vision, common needs and evaluate barriers, constraints and risks faced by the industry from technical, political and commercial aspects. Organizational roadmap focuses on evaluation and prioritization of R&D projects to achieve the business goals. Similarly different methods, tools and approaches are used to develop roadmaps at different levels. Various other characteristics of these roadmaps are also discussed and analyzed. Research findings also indicate that greater numbers of roadmaps are developed for those renewable energy technologies undergoing rapid growth. Moreover, most of these roadmaps are developed in the regions where more research, development and deployment activities of renewable energy technologies is taking place.

Muhammad Amer; Tugrul U. Daim

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Small Buildings Small Portfolio Commercial Upstream Incentive Project: Regional Roll-Out- 2014 BTO Peer Review  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presenter: Todd Levin, Argonne National Laboratory To cost-effectively spur energy efficiency improvements in the small buildings and small portfolios (SBSP) sector, this project is evaluating how to expand commercial upstream incentive approaches to a level that will be nationally replicated.

480

Scale Matters: An Action Plan for Realizing Sector-Wide "Zero-Energy"  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scale Matters: An Action Plan for Realizing Sector-Wide "Zero-Energy" Scale Matters: An Action Plan for Realizing Sector-Wide "Zero-Energy" Performance Goals in Commercial Buildings Title Scale Matters: An Action Plan for Realizing Sector-Wide "Zero-Energy" Performance Goals in Commercial Buildings Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2008 Authors Selkowitz, Stephen E., Jessica Granderson, Philip Haves, Paul A. Mathew, and Jeffrey P. Harris Conference Name 2008 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Conference Location Asilomar, California, USA Abstract It is widely accepted that if the United States is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions it must aggressively address energy end use in the building sector. While there have been some notable but modest successes with mandatory and voluntary programs, there have also been puzzling failures to achieve expected savings. Collectively, these programs have not yet reached the majority of the building stock, nor have they yet routinely produced very large savings in individual buildings.

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481

COMMERCIAL SERVICES SUSTAINABLE FOOD POLICY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMERCIAL SERVICES SUSTAINABLE FOOD POLICY February 2013 Commercial Services (CS) provides a range high standards of sustainability across all its activities. This policy supports CS aim to become a `Sustainable, Efficient and Effective Organisation' that "....will carefully consider the impact of our

Haase, Markus

482

1.3kW monolithic linearly-polarized single-mode MOPA and strategies for mitigating mode instabilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the high power amplification of 1064nm linearly-polarized laser in all-fiber polarization-maintained MOPA, which can operate at output power level of 1.3kW. The main amplifier was pumped with six 915nm laser diodes, and the slope efficiency is 65.3%. The beam quality (M2) was measured to be cladding large mode area fiber, and, by tight coiling of the gain fiber to the radius of 5.5cm, the MI threshold can be increased to 3 times higher than that without coiling or loose coiling. Experimental study has been carr...

Tao, Rumao; Wang, Xiaolin; Zhou, Pu; Liu, Zejin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Generation of 1.5-kW, 1-THz Coherent Radiation from a Gyrotron with a Pulsed Magnetic Field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To cover a so-called terahertz gap in available sources of coherent electromagnetic radiation, the gyrotron with a pulsed solenoid producing up to a 40T magnetic field has been designed, manufactured, and tested. At a 38.5T magnetic field, the gyrotron generated coherent radiation at 1.022THz frequency in 50???sec pulses. The microwave power and energy per pulse were about 1.5kW and 75mJ, respectively. Details of the gyrotron design, manufacturing, operation and measurements of output radiation are given.

M. Yu. Glyavin; A. G. Luchinin; G. Yu. Golubiatnikov

2008-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

484

Better Buildings Alliance for the Public Sector  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Scoring Tool Buildings Performance Database Green Button Data Access Map Real Estate appraisal work 3 Make public, commercial, and industrial buildings 20% more...

485

NEMS Buildings Sector Working Group Meeting  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

20 * Photovoltaic system cost path - Updated 2010 system costs based on Tracking the Sun IV (LBNL, 2011) * No change from AEO2012 for residential, 7% lower for commercial -...

486

Influence of mean gas residence time in the bubbling fluidised bed on the performance of a 100-kW dual fluidised bed steam gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, the influence of mean gas residence time in the bubbling fluidised bed, ? f..., on the performance of a pilot scale 100kW dual fluidised bed gasifier was experimentally investigate...

W. L. Saw; S. S. Pang

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Advanced, High-Reliability, System-Integrated 500kW PV Inverter Development: Final Subcontract Report, 29 September 2005 - 31 May 2008  

SciTech Connect

Xantrex Technology accomplished subcontract goals of reducing parts cost, weight, and size of its 500-kW inverter by 25% compared to state-of-the-art PV inverters, while extending reliability by 25%.

West, R.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Electric Power  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Letters of Intent/Agreements Letters of Intent/Agreements The electric power sector participates in the Climate VISION program through the Electric Power Industry Climate Initiative (EPICI) and its Power Partners program, which is being developed in cooperation with the Department of Energy. The memberships of the seven organizations that comprise EPICI represent 100% of the power generators in the United States. Through individual commitments and collective actions, the power sector will strive to make meaningful contributions to the President's greenhouse gas intensity goal. EPICI members also support efforts to increase technology research, development and deployment that will help the power sector, and other sectors, achieve the President's goal. The seven organizations comprising EPICI are the American Public Power

489

Property:ProgramSector | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ProgramSector ProgramSector Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pages using the property "ProgramSector" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2008 Solar Technologies Market Report + Energy + 2010 Solar Market Transformation Analysis and Tools + Energy + 2011 APTA Public Transportation Fact Book + Energy + A A Case for Climate Neutrality: Case Studies on Moving Towards a Low Carbon Economy + Energy +, Land +, Climate + A Conceptual Framework for Progressing Towards Sustainability in the Agriculture and Food Sector + Land + A Guide to Community Solar: Utility, Private, and Non-profit Project Development + Energy + A Low Carbon Economic Strategy for Scotland + Energy +, Land + A Municipal Official's Guide to Diesel Idling Reduction + Climate +, Energy +

490

Cosmology of hidden sector with Higgs portal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we are investigating cosmological implications of hidden sector models which involve scalar fields that do not interact with the Standard Model gauge interactions, but couple directly to the Higgs field. ...

Cabi, Serkan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Top partner probes of extended Higgs sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural theories of the weak scale often include fermionic partners of the top quark. If the electroweak symmetry breaking sector contains scalars beyond a single Higgs doublet, then top partners can have sizable branching ...

Kearney, John

492

Technology Commercialization Showcase 2008 Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.g. $3,000/kW for 5kW PEM fuel cell ­ though industry reports cost reductions of 10-20%/yr Sources: (1 is primarily focused on the research and development of PEM fuel cells. Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEMFC Barriers Fuel Cell Cost and Durability (Targets: $30 per kW, 5000-hour durability) Safety, Codes

493

Presented at SRM Annual Conference, OKC, OK 2/5/2013 K.W. Tate, L.M. Roche, M.R. George, UC Davis 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Presented at SRM Annual Conference, OKC, OK 2/5/2013 K.W. Tate, L.M. Roche, M.R. George, UC Davis 1, L.M. Roche, M.R. George, UC Davis 2 · Offstream attractants such as water tanks and supplement in runoff #12;Presented at SRM Annual Conference, OKC, OK 2/5/2013 K.W. Tate, L.M. Roche, M.R. George, UC

Tate, Kenneth

494

17 - Protecting Commercial and Institutional Critical Infrastructure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter focuses on protecting commercial and institutional sectors, including retail businesses, banks and financial businesses, educational institutions (a subsector of government facilities), and healthcare and public health institutions. Each of these topics begins with a broad perspective from U.S. Department of Homeland Security Sector-Specific Plans. Keywords shrinkage, shopping service, checkout counters, point-of-sale (POS) accounting systems, exception reporting, counterfeiting, kleptomania, organized retail theft, electronic article surveillance, source tagging, civil recovery, robbery, burglary, substitutability, U.S. Department of the Treasury, Bank Protection Act (BPA) of 1968, savings and loan (S&L) scandal, Bank Secrecy Act of 1986, Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988, The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996, Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999, USA Patriot Act of 2001, Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) Act of 2002, Regulation H, Code of Federal Regulations, suspicious activity reports, money laundering, tear gas/dye packs, Global Positioning System (GPS), skimming, Gun-Free Schools Act, zero-tolerance policy, Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, Gang Resistance Education and Training (GREAT), soft targets, Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act, hard targets, Columbine High School massacre, Beslan Elementary School massacre, Virginia Tech massacre, Student-Right-to-Know and Campus Security Act of 1990, Campus Sexual Assault Victims Bill of Rights, community policing, Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), The Joint Commission, National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, Controlled Substances Act of 1970, first receivers, personal protective equipment (PPE), Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Philip P. Purpura

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z