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1

Power Factor Reactive Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

power: 130 watts Induction motor PSERC Incandescent lights 0 0.002 0.004 0.006 0.008 0.01 0.012 0.014 0 power: 150 watts #12;Page 4 PSERC Incandescent Lights PSERC Induction motor with no load #12;Page 5 Incandescent Lights #12;Page 7 PSERC Incandescent lights power: Power = 118 V x 1.3 A = 153 W = 0.15 kW = power

2

Reactive Power Compensator.  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for determining and providing reactive power compensation for an inductive load. A reactive power compensator (50,50') monitors the voltage and current flowing through each of three distribution lines (52a, 52b, 52c), which are supplying three-phase power to one or more inductive loads. Using signals indicative of the current on each of these lines when the voltage waveform on the line crosses zero, the reactive power compensator determines a reactive power compensator capacitance that must be connected to the lines to maintain a desired VAR level, power factor, or line voltage. Alternatively, an operator can manually select a specific capacitance for connection to each line, or the capacitance can be selected based on a time schedule. The reactive power compensator produces control signals, which are coupled through optical fibers (102/106) to a switch driver (110, 110') to select specific compensation capacitors (112) for connections to each line. The switch driver develops triggering signals that are supplied to a plurality of series-connected solid state switches (350), which control charge current in one direction in respect to ground for each compensation capacitor. During each cycle, current flows from ground to charge the capacitors as the voltage on the line begins to go negative from its positive peak value. The triggering signals are applied to gate the solid state switches into a conducting state when the potential on the lines and on the capacitors reaches a negative peak value, thereby minimizing both the potential difference and across the charge current through the switches when they begin to conduct. Any harmonic distortion on the potential and current carried by the lines is filtered out from the current and potential signals used by the reactive power compensator so that it does not affect the determination of the required reactive compensation. 26 figs.

El-Sharkawi, M.A.; Venkata, S.S.; Chen, M.; Andexler, G.; Huang, T.

1992-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

3

Reactive power compensator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for determining and providing reactive power compensation for an inductive load. A reactive power compensator (50,50') monitors the voltage and current flowing through each of three distribution lines (52a, 52b, 52c), which are supplying three-phase power to one or more inductive loads. Using signals indicative of the current on each of these lines when the voltage waveform on the line crosses zero, the reactive power compensator determines a reactive power compensator capacitance that must be connected to the lines to maintain a desired VAR level, power factor, or line voltage. Alternatively, an operator can manually select a specific capacitance for connection to each line, or the capacitance can be selected based on a time schedule. The reactive power compensator produces control signals, which are coupled through optical fibers (102/106) to a switch driver (110, 110') to select specific compensation capacitors (112) for connections to each line. The switch driver develops triggering signals that are supplied to a plurality of series-connected solid state switches (350), which control charge current in one direction in respect to ground for each compensation capacitor. During each cycle, current flows from ground to charge the capacitors as the voltage on the line begins to go negative from its positive peak value. The triggering signals are applied to gate the solid state switches into a conducting state when the potential on the lines and on the capacitors reaches a negative peak value, thereby minimizing both the potential difference and across the charge current through the switches when they begin to conduct. Any harmonic distortion on the potential and current carried by the lines is filtered out from the current and potential signals used by the reactive power compensator so that it does not affect the determination of the required reactive compensation.

El-Sharkawi, Mohamed A. (Renton, WA); Venkata, Subrahmanyam S. (Woodinville, WA); Chen, Mingliang (Kirkland, WA); Andexler, George (Everett, WA); Huang, Tony (Seattle, WA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Reactive Power Compensating System.  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The circuit was designed for the specific application of wind-driven induction generators. It has great potential for application in any situation where a varying reactive power load is present, such as with induction motors or generators, or for transmission network compensation.

Williams, Timothy J.; El-Sharkawi, Mohamed A.; Venkata, Subrahmanyam S.

1985-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

5

Reactive power compensating system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The reactive power of an induction machine is compensated by providing fixed capacitors on each phase line for the minimum compensation required, sensing the current on one line at the time its voltage crosses zero to determine the actual compensation required for each phase, and selecting switched capacitors on each line to provide the balance of the compensation required.

Williams, Timothy J. (Redondo Beach, CA); El-Sharkawi, Mohamed A. (Renton, WA); Venkata, Subrahmanyam S. (Seattle, WA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

10kW SOFC POWER SYSTEM COMMERCIALIZATION  

SciTech Connect

Participants in the SECA 10 kW SOFC Power System Commercialization project include Cummins Power Generation (CPG), the power generation arm of Cummins, Inc., SOFCo-EFS Holdings, LLC (formerly McDermott Technology, Inc.), the fuel cell and fuel processing research and development arm of McDermott International Inc., M/A-COM, the Multi-Layer Ceramics (MLC) processing and manufacturing arm of Tyco Electronics, and Ceramatec, a materials technology development company. CPG functions in the role of prime contractor and system integrator. SOFCo-EFS is responsible for the design and development of the hot box assembly, including the SOFC stack(s), heat exchanger(s), manifolding, and fuel reformer. M/A-COM and SOFCo-EFS are jointly responsible for development of the MLC manufacturing processes, and Ceramatec provides technical support in materials development. In October 2002, McDermott announced its intention to cease operations at McDermott Technology, Inc. (MTI) as of December 31, 2002. This decision was precipitated by several factors, including the announced tentative settlement of the B&W Bankruptcy which would result in all of the equity of B&W being conveyed to a trust, thereby eliminating McDermott's interest in the company, and the desire to create a separate fuel cell entity to facilitate its commercial development. The new fuel cell entity is named SOFCo-EFS Holdings, LLC. All of McDermott's solid oxide fuel cell and fuel processing work will be conducted by SOFCo-EFS, using personnel previously engaged in that work. SOFCo-EFS will continue to be located in the Alliance, OH facility and use the existing infrastructure and test facilities for its activities. While the effort needed to accomplish this reorganization has detracted somewhat from SOFCo's efficiency during the fourth quarter, we believe the improved focus on the core fuel cell and fuel reformation resulting from the reorganization will have a positive impact on the SECA project in the long run. The program is organized into three developmental periods. In Phase 1 the team will develop and demonstrate a proof-of-concept prototype design and develop the manufacturing plan to substantiate potential producibility at a target cost level of $800/kW factory manufacturing cost. Phase 2 will further develop the design and reduce the projected manufacturing cost to $600 kW. Depending on an assessment of the maturity of the technology at the end of Phase 1, Phase 2 may be structured and supplemented to develop a limited production capability. Finally, in Phase 3, a full Value Package Introduction (VPI) Program will be integrated with the SECA program to develop a mass-producible design, with a factory manufacturing cost of $400/kW, and with full cross-functional support for unrestricted commercial sales.

Dan Norrick; Charles Vesely; Todd Romine; Brad Palmer; Greg Rush; Eric Barringer; Milind Kantak; Cris DeBellis

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

10 kW SOFC Power System Commercialization  

SciTech Connect

Cummins Power Generation (CPG) as the prime contractor and SOFCo-EFS Holdings LLC (SOFCo), as their subcontractor, teamed under the Solid-state Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) program to develop 3-10kW solid oxide fuel cell systems for use in recreational vehicles, commercial work trucks and stand-by telecommunications applications. The program goal is demonstration of power systems that meet commercial performance requirements and can be produced in volume at a cost of $400/kW. This report summarizes the team's activities during the seventh six-month period (July-December 2005) of the four-year Phase I effort. While there has been significant progress in the development of the SOFC subsystems that can support meeting the program Phase 1 goals, the SOFCo ceramic stack technology has progressed significantly slower than plan and CPG consider it unlikely that the systemic problems encountered will be overcome in the near term. SOFCo has struggled with a series of problems associated with inconsistent manufacturing, inadequate cell performance, and the achievement of consistent, durable, low resistance inter-cell connections with reduced or no precious materials. A myriad of factors have contributed to these problems, but the fact remains that progress has not kept pace with the SECA program. A contributing factor in SOFCo's technical difficulties is attributed to their significantly below plan industry cost share spending over the last four years. This has resulted in a much smaller SOFC stack development program, has contributed to SOFCo not being able to aggressively resolve core issues, and clouds their ability to continue into a commercialization phase. In view of this situation, CPG has conducted an independent assessment of the state-of-the-art in planar SOFC's stacks and have concluded that alternative technology exists offering the specific performance, durability, and low cost needed to meet the SECA objectives. We have further concluded that there is insufficient evidence to reliably predict that SOFCo will be able to achieve the SECA performance and cost goals on a schedule consistent with SECA or CPG commercialization goals. CPG believes SOFCo have made a good faith effort consistent with the available resources, but have repeatedly fallen short of achieving the programs scheduled targets. CPG has therefore initiated a process of application for extension of Phase 1 of our SECA program with the intent of transitioning to an alternative stack supplier with more mature SOFC technology, and demonstrating a system meeting the SECA Phase 1 goals by the end of calendar 2006. We have identified an alternative supplier and will be reporting the progress on transition and program planning in monthly technical reports, reviews, and in the next semiannual report.

Dan Norrick; Brad Palmer; Charles Vesely; Eric Barringer; John Budge; Cris DeBellis; Rich Goettler; Milind Kantak; Steve Kung; Zhien Liu; Tom Morris; Keith Rackers; Gary Roman; Greg Rush; Liang Xue

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

10 kW SOFC POWER SYSTEM COMMERCIALIZATION  

SciTech Connect

The program is organized into three developmental periods. In Phase 1 the team will develop and demonstrate a proof-of-concept prototype design and develop a manufacturing plan to substantiate potential producibility at a target cost level of $800/kW factory manufacturing cost. Phase 2 will further develop the design and reduce the manufacturing cost to a level of $600 kW. Depending on an assessment of the maturity of the technology at the end of Phase 1, Phase 2 may be structured and supplemented to provide a limited production capability. Finally, in Phase 3, a full Value Package Introduction (VPI) Program will be integrated into the SECA program to develop a mass-producible design at a factory cost of $400/kW with full cross-functional support for unrestricted commercial sales. The path to market for new technology products in the Cummins system involves two processes. The first is called Product Preceding Technology, or PPT. The PPT process provides a methodology for exploring potentially attractive technologies and developing them to the point that they can be reliably scheduled into a new product development program with a manageable risk to the product introduction schedule or product quality. Once a technology has passed the PPT gate, it is available to be incorporated into a Value Package Introduction (VPI) Program. VPI is the process that coordinates the cross-functional development of a fully supported product. The VPI Program is designed to synchronize efforts in engineering, supply, manufacturing, marketing, finance, and product support areas in such a way that the product, when introduced to the market, represents the maximum value to the customer.

Dan Norrick; Brad Palmer; Todd Romine; Charles Vesely; Eric Barringer; Cris DeBellis; Rich Goettler; Kurt Kneidel; Milind Kantak; Steve Kung; Greg Rush

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

400kW Geothermal Power Plant at Chena Hot Springs, Alaska | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Springs, Alaska Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: 400kW Geothermal Power Plant at Chena Hot Springs, Alaska Abstract This document...

10

Optical power evolution in the Boeing 1 kW FEL oscillator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A four-dimensional simulation in x, y, z, and t, including betatron motion of the electrons, is used to study optical power evolution and the trapped-particle instability in the Boeing 1 kW FEL oscillator.

J. Blau; R.K. Wong; W.B. Colson

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

The Chena Hot Springs 400kw Geothermal Power Plant: Experience...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

efficiency requiresincreased power plant equipment size (turbine, condenser,pump and boiler) that can ordinarily become cost prohibitive.One of the main goals for the Chena...

13

Reactive Power Support Services in Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reactive Power Support Services in Electricity Markets Costing and Pricing of Ancillary Services Final Project Report Power Systems Engineering Research Center A National Science Foundation Industry Reactive Power Support Services in Electricity Markets Costing and Pricing of Ancillary Services Project

14

Advanced Photovoltaic Inverter Functionality using 500 kW Power Hardware-in-Loop Complete System Laboratory Testing: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

With the increasing penetration of distribution connected photovoltaic (PV) systems, more and more PV developers and utilities are interested in easing future PV interconnection concerns by mitigating some of the impacts of PV integration using advanced PV inverter controls and functions. This paper describes the testing of a 500 kW PV inverter using Power Hardware-in-Loop (PHIL) testing techniques. The test setup is described and the results from testing the inverter in advanced functionality modes, not commonly used in currently interconnected PV systems, are presented. PV inverter operation under PHIL evaluation that emulated both the DC PV array connection and the AC distribution level grid connection are shown for constant power factor (PF) and constant reactive power (VAr) control modes. The evaluation of these modes was completed under varying degrees of modeled PV variability.

Mather, B. A.; Kromer, M. A.; Casey, L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Definition: Reactive Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reactive Power Reactive Power Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reactive Power The portion of electricity that establishes and sustains the electric and magnetic fields of alternating-current equipment. Reactive power must be supplied to most types of magnetic equipment, such as motors and transformers. It also must supply the reactive losses on transmission facilities. Reactive power is provided by generators, synchronous condensers, or electrostatic equipment such as capacitors and directly influences electric system voltage. It is usually expressed in kilovars (kvar) or megavars (Mvar).[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In electric power transmission and distribution, volt-ampere reactive (var) is a unit used to measure reactive power in an AC electric

16

3kW Stirling engine for power and heat production  

SciTech Connect

A new 3 kW Beta type Stirling engine has been developed. The engine uses Natural gas as fuel, and it is designed for use as a small combined heat and power plant for single family houses. The electrical power is supplied to the grid. The engine is made as a hermetic device, where the crank mechanism and the alternator are built into a pressurized crank casing. The engine produce 3 kW of shaft power corresponding to 2.4 kW of electric power. The heat input is 10 kW corresponding to a shaft efficiency of 30%, and an electric efficiency of 24%. Helium at 8 MPa mean pressure is used as working gas. The crank mechanism is a combination of an upper- and lower yoke, each forming the half of a Ross mechanism. The upper yoke is linked to the displacer piston and the lower yoke is linked to the working piston. The design gives an approximately linear couple point curve, which eliminates guiding forces on the pistons and the need for X-heads. Grease lubricated needle and ball bearings are used in the kinematic crank mechanism. The burner includes an air preheater and a water jacket, which makes it possible to utilize nearly all of the heat from the combustion gases. The performance of the engine has been tested as a function of mean pressure and hot and cold temperature, and emissions and noise have been measured.

Thorsen, J.E.; Bovin, J.; Carlsen, H. [Technical Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby (Denmark). Inst. of Energy Engineering

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

17

Power Scaling of Tm:fiber Lasers to the kW Level Peter F. Moulton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power Scaling of Tm:fiber Lasers to the kW Level Peter F. Moulton Q-Peak, Inc. CREOL Industrial · Fundamentals of Tm:silica fiber lasers · Fiber laser setup and results Support: HEL-JTO Contract Nos. FA9451, Nufern: Gavin Frith, Bryce Samson, Adrian Carter #12;Relative eye safety is obtained for > 1400-nm

Van Stryland, Eric

18

Joint Energy and Reactive Power Market Considering Coupled Active and Reactive Reserve Market Ensuring System Security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reactive power market is usually held as independent from energy and reserved active power markets; however, active and reactive power are ... synchronous generator capacity curve. Therefore, reactive power market

Hamed Ahmadi; Asghar Akbari Foroud

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

A Tariff for Reactive Power - IEEE  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a suggested tariff or payment for the local supply of reactive power from distributed energy resources. The authors consider four sample customers, and estimate the cost of supply of reactive power for each customer. The power system savings from the local supply of reactive power are also estimated for a hypothetical circuit. It is found that reactive power for local voltage regulation could be supplied to the distribution system economically by customers when new inverters are installed. The inverter would be supplied with a power factor of 0.8, and would be capable of local voltage regulation to a schedule supplied by the utility. Inverters are now installed with photovoltaic systems, fuel cells and microturbines, and adjustable-speed motor drives.

Kueck, John D [ORNL; Tufon, Christopher [Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Isemonger, Alan [California Independent System Operator; Kirby, Brendan J [ORNL

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Water reactive hydrogen fuel cell power system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A water reactive hydrogen fueled power system includes devices and methods to combine reactant fuel materials and aqueous solutions to generate hydrogen. The generated hydrogen is converted in a fuel cell to provide electricity. The water reactive hydrogen fueled power system includes a fuel cell, a water feed tray, and a fuel cartridge to generate power for portable power electronics. The removable fuel cartridge is encompassed by the water feed tray and fuel cell. The water feed tray is refillable with water by a user. The water is then transferred from the water feed tray into the fuel cartridge to generate hydrogen for the fuel cell which then produces power for the user.

Wallace, Andrew P; Melack, John M; Lefenfeld, Michael

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Water reactive hydrogen fuel cell power system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A water reactive hydrogen fueled power system includes devices and methods to combine reactant fuel materials and aqueous solutions to generate hydrogen. The generated hydrogen is converted in a fuel cell to provide electricity. The water reactive hydrogen fueled power system includes a fuel cell, a water feed tray, and a fuel cartridge to generate power for portable power electronics. The removable fuel cartridge is encompassed by the water feed tray and fuel cell. The water feed tray is refillable with water by a user. The water is then transferred from the water feed tray into a fuel cartridge to generate hydrogen for the fuel cell which then produces power for the user.

Wallace, Andrew P; Melack, John M; Lefenfeld, Michael

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

22

Beyond kWh and kW demand: Understanding the new real-time electric power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beyond kWh and kW demand: Understanding the new real-time electric power Beyond kWh and kW demand: Understanding the new real-time electric power measurement system in LBNL Building 90 Speaker(s): Alex McEachern Date: January 14, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 In the Summer of 2009, LBNL researchers installed end-use sub-metering equipment and associated Energy Information System (EIS) tools to characterize energy use and comfort in Building 90. Seven of 40 key electric loads were measured using advanced meters that make sophisticated real-time measurements of dozens of power flow parameters, power disturbances, and harmonics. The talk will review some electrical engineering fundamentals, how use and interpret data measured in building 90 in real-time. The real-time data available includes power, volt-amps, VAR's, unbalance voltage and current, voltage and current distortion,

23

110 kW Stationary Combined Heat and Power Systems Status and Technical Potential: Independent Review  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This independent review examines the status and technical potential of 1-10 kW stationary combined heat and power fuel cell systems and analyzes the achievability of the DOE cost, efficiency, and durability targets for 2012, 2015, and 2020.

24

Comparative life cycle energy, emission, and economic analysis of 100kW nameplate wind power generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study compares three configurations of wind turbines to produce a nameplate power of 100kW applying LCA methodology over a lifetime of 25 years. Alternatives under study are: installing twenty Endurance (EN) 5kW, or five Jacobs (JA) 20kW, or one Northern Power (NP) 100kW turbines in the Halkirk region of Alberta, Canada. The comparison has been done taking life cycle energy, environment and economic aspects into consideration. Each parameter has been quantified corresponding to a functional unit (FU) of 1kWh. Life cycle energy requirement for NP is found to be 133.3kJ/kWh, which is about 69% and 41% less than EN and JA respectively. Global warming impact from NP is found to be 17.8gCO2eq/kWh, which is around 58% and 29% less respective to EN and JA. The acidification (SO2eq/kWh) and ground level ozone [(VOC+NOx)/kWh] impacts from NP are also found significantly less compared to EN and JA configuration. The difference in relative environmental impacts from configurations is found to be less while performing uncertainty analysis, but does not alter the ranking of configurations. At 10% internal rate of return (IRR), electricity price for NP is 0.21$/kWh, whereas EN and JA prices are 65% and 16% higher respectively.

Md Ruhul Kabir; Braden Rooke; G.D. Malinga Dassanayake; Brian A. Fleck

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

110 kW Stationary Combined Heat and Power Systems Status and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the status of 1­10 kW CHP stationary fuel cell systems and to comment on the achievability of cost-temperature proton exchange membrane (LT-PEM) fuel cell systems operating, for the most part, in a temperature range of 60°­90°C; high temperature PEM (HT-PEM) fuel cell systems operating in a temperature range of 130

26

1…10 kW Stationary Combined Heat and Power Systems Status and Technical Potential: Independent Review  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1-10 kW Stationary Combined Heat 1-10 kW Stationary Combined Heat and Power Systems Status and Technical Potential National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard * Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Independent Review Published for the U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program NREL/BK-6A10-48265 November 2010 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or

27

Ocean Power Technologies (TRL 5 6 System) - PB500, 500 kW Utility...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

technologiesinchart.ppt More Documents & Publications Advanced, High Power, Next Scale, Wave Energy Conversion Device Ocean Power Technologies (TRL 7 8 System) - Reedsport PB150...

28

Assessing low power reactivity levels in subcritical CANDU reactors  

SciTech Connect

A new technique has been developed for monitoring slow reactivity changes in Canadian deuterium uranium (CANDU) nuclear reactors during low power operation, following a sustained period of high power operation. The power doubling halving worth (PDHW) test tracks slow reactivity changes by evaluating the reactivity perturbation required by the power regulating system to halve and double reactor power over time. During low power operation of a CANDU reactor, the PDHW test is used to monitor the decay of the photoneutron precursors, so that the reactor power can be lowered using a preset amount of reactivity. The PDHW test is described in this paper and is validated by using computer simulations and operating data from a CANDU reactor.

Teare, S.W. [Corporation of the City of Mississauga, Ontario (Canada)] [Corporation of the City of Mississauga, Ontario (Canada); Shanes, F.C. [Ontario Hydro, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)] [Ontario Hydro, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Hersey, M.W. [Pickering Nuclear Generating Station, Ontario (Canada)] [Pickering Nuclear Generating Station, Ontario (Canada)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Development of a Low Cost 3-10kW Tubular SOFC Power System  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Develop ability to operate on liquid fuels (funded through ONR & DOD) Integrate to remote power, military, and mCHP platforms to allow short, medium, and longer term market...

30

Intelligent Voltage and Reactive Power Control of Mini-Hydro Power Stations for Maximisation of Real  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a Mini-Hydro Power Generator to the Rural Grid The UK distribution network has been significantly exten1 Intelligent Voltage and Reactive Power Control of Mini-Hydro Power Stations for Maximisation Control (APFC) modes. The ability to export active and reactive power from mini-hydro power generators

Harrison, Gareth

31

Design and development of a 6 MW peak, 24 kW average power S-band klystron  

SciTech Connect

A 6 MW peak, 24 kW average power S-band Klystron is under development at CEERI, Pilani under an MoU between BARC and CEERI. The design of the klystron has been completed. The electron gun has been designed using TRAK and MAGIC codes. RF cavities have been designed using HFSS and CST Microwave Studio while the complete beam wave interaction simulation has been done using MAGIC code. The thermal design of collector and RF window has been done using ANSYS code. A Gun Collector Test Module (GCTM) was developed before making actual klystron to validate gun perveance and thermal design of collector. A high voltage solid state pulsed modulator has been installed for performance valuation of the tube. The paper will cover the design aspects of the tube and experimental test results of GCTM and klystron. (author)

Joshi, L.M.; Meena, Rakesh; Nangru, Subhash; Kant, Deepender; Pal, Debashis; Lamba, O.S.; Jindal, Vishnu; Jangid, Sushil Kumar, E-mail: joslm@rediffmail.com [Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Pilani (India); Chakravarthy, D.P.; Dixit, Kavita [Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai (India)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Power balance in ELMO Bumpy Torus: bulk electrons and ions in a 37 kW discharge  

SciTech Connect

The power balance of the bulk electrons and ions in discharges with 37 kW of applied microwave power in the ELMO Bumpy Torus (EBT) is examined in a zero-dimensional model using data on the intensity and linewidth of the molecular and atomic hydrogen emission. At least 60% of the applied power is ultimately dissipated by processes involving the neutral particles, including dissociation of molecules, ionization of and radiation from atoms, and heating of cold electrons produced during atomic ionization. The molecular influx rate and the density of atoms are used independently to determine the bulk electron particle confinement time, and an upper bound estimate is made of the diffusional power loss from the bulk plasma electrons. Parameters derived from the basic spectroscopic data presented in this paper include the neutral atom density 2 - 5x10/sup 10/ cm/sup -3/, incident molecular flux 3 - 5x10/sup 15/ cm/sup -2/s/sup -1/, bulk ion temperature approx. =3 eV, and particle confinement time <1.1 ms. The bulk electron energy confinement time is 0.7 ms or less in the standard operating regime. Published data on the nonthermal electron and ion populations in the plasma are used to evaluate approximately the overall energy flow in the discharge. 54 refs.

McNeill, D.H.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Local Control of Reactive Power by Distributed Photovoltaic Generators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High penetration levels of distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation on an electrical distribution circuit may severely degrade power quality due to voltage sags and swells caused by rapidly varying PV generation during cloud transients coupled with the slow response of existing utility compensation and regulation equipment. Although not permitted under current standards for interconnection of distributed generation, fast-reacting, VAR-capable PV inverters may provide the necessary reactive power injection or consumption to maintain voltage regulation under difficult transient conditions. As side benefit, the control of reactive power injection at each PV inverter provides an opportunity and a new tool for distribution utilities to optimize the performance of distribution circuits, e.g. by minimizing thermal losses. We suggest a local control scheme that dispatches reactive power from each PV inverter based on local instantaneous measurements of the real and reactive components of the consumed power and the re...

Turitsyn, Konstantin S; Backhaus, Scott; Chertkov, Misha

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Reactive Power Compensation Strategy of DGIF Wind Park  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, two different wind park reactive power compensation strategies for the DFIG wind park connected to the sub-transmission level are proposed. Except considering DFIG wind turbines as dynamic reacti...

JingJing Zhao; Yang Fu; DongDong Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Adaptation of a commercially available 200 kW natural gas fuel cell power plant for operation on a hydrogen rich gas stream  

SciTech Connect

International Fuel Cells (IFC) has designed a hydrogen fueled fuel cell power plant based on a modification of its standard natural gas fueled PC25{trademark} C fuel cell power plant. The natural gas fueled PC25 C is a 200 kW, fuel cell power plant that is commercially available. The program to accomplish the fuel change involved deleting the natural gas processing elements, designing a new fuel pretreatment subsystem, modifying the water and thermal management subsystem, developing a hydrogen burner to combust unconsumed hydrogen, and modifying the control system. Additionally, the required modifications to the manufacturing and assembly procedures necessary to allow the hydrogen fueled power plant to be manufactured in conjunction with the on-going production of the standard PC25 C power plants were identified. This work establishes the design and manufacturing plan for the 200 kW hydrogen fueled PC25 power plant.

Maston, V.A.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Cost evaluation of a novel 5-kW diesel-powered solid oxide fuel cell auxiliary power unit (APU).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Idling heavy-duty trucks result in poor fuel consumption and harmful emissions. The Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) is one of the methods to reduce idling. The (more)

Pillala, Chakradhar.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Local control of reactive power by distributed photovoltaic generators  

SciTech Connect

High penetration levels of distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation on an electrical distribution circuit may severely degrade power quality due to voltage sags and swells caused by rapidly varying PV generation during cloud transients coupled with the slow response of existing utility compensation and regulation equipment. Although not permitted under current standards for interconnection of distributed generation, fast-reacting, VAR-capable PV inverters may provide the necessary reactive power injection or consumption to maintain voltage regulation under difficult transient conditions. As side benefit, the control of reactive power injection at each PV inverter provides an opportunity and a new tool for distribution utilities to optimize the performance of distribution circuits, e.g. by minimizing thermal losses. We suggest a local control scheme that dispatches reactive power from each PV inverter based on local instantaneous measurements of the real and reactive components of the consumed power and the real power generated by the PVs. Using one adjustable parameter per circuit, we balance the requirements on power quality and desire to minimize thermal losses. Numerical analysis of two exemplary systems, with comparable total PV generation albeit a different spatial distribution, show how to adjust the optimization parameter depending on the goal. Overall, this local scheme shows excellent performance; it's capable of guaranteeing acceptable power quality and achieving significant saving in thermal losses in various situations even when the renewable generation in excess of the circuit own load, i.e. feeding power back to the higher-level system.

Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Turitsyn, Konstantin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sulc, Petr [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Backhaus, Scott [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Options for Control of Reactive Power by Distributed Photovoltaic Generators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High penetration levels of distributed photovoltaic(PV) generation on an electrical distribution circuit present several challenges and opportunities for distribution utilities. Rapidly varying irradiance conditions may cause voltage sags and swells that cannot be compensated by slowly responding utility equipment resulting in a degradation of power quality. Although not permitted under current standards for interconnection of distributed generation, fast-reacting, VAR-capable PV inverters may provide the necessary reactive power injection or consumption to maintain voltage regulation under difficult transient conditions. As side benefit, the control of reactive power injection at each PV inverter provides an opportunity and a new tool for distribution utilities to optimize the performance of distribution circuits, e.g. by minimizing thermal losses. We discuss and compare via simulation various design options for control systems to manage the reactive power generated by these inverters. An important design de...

Sulc, Petr; Backhaus, Scott; Chertkov, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Voltage Regulation through Smart Utilization of Potential Reactive Power Resources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The introduction of demand response concept, in addition to increment of penetration of distributed generation (DG) based on renewable energies, make opportunities for the novel control schemes to be integrated in power system on a smart grid framework. ... Keywords: Demand response, distributed generation, reactive power, renewable energy, smart grid, voltage control

H. Kazari; A. Abbaspour-Tehrani Fard; A. S. Dobakhshari; A. M. Ranjbar

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Research on fuzzy logic based dynamic boundary voltage and reactive power integrated control method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aiming at the existing problems of conventional substation voltage and reactive power integrated control method, a new fuzzy logic based dynamic reactive power boundary voltage and reactive power integrated control method is proposed. Fuzzy logic control ... Keywords: dynamic boundary, fuzzy logic, reactive power, voltage

Zigang Xu; Fei Wang

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A 10-kW SiC Inverter with A Novel Printed Metal Power Module With Integrated Cooling Using Additive Manufacturing  

SciTech Connect

With efforts to reduce the cost, size, and thermal management systems for the power electronics drivetrain in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), wide band gap semiconductors including silicon carbide (SiC) have been identified as possibly being a partial solution. This paper focuses on the development of a 10-kW all SiC inverter using a high power density, integrated printed metal power module with integrated cooling using additive manufacturing techniques. This is the first ever heat sink printed for a power electronics application. About 50% of the inverter was built using additive manufacturing techniques.

Chinthavali, Madhu Sudhan [ORNL; Ayers, Curtis William [ORNL; Campbell, Steven L [ORNL; Wiles, Randy H [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Development of a 10 kW High Temperature High Power Density Three-Phase AC-DC-AC SiC Converter  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the development and experimental performance of a 10 kW, all SiC, 250 C junction temperature high-power-density three-phase ac-dc-ac converter. The electromagnetic interference filter, thermal system, high temperature package, and gate drive design are discussed in detail. Finally, tests confirming the feasibility and validating the theoretical basis of the prototype converter system are described.

Ning, Puqi [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Abstract This paper reviews specific issues and challenges in reactive power management within the competitive electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, points out various deficiencies in the reactive power procurement in the US markets and provides recommendations for, and lists a number of challenges in the reactive power supply and usage area. Basically of the same type as active power or active energy. Many reactive power management issues concern the static

Gross, George

44

Fuzzy Control on Voltage/Reactive Power in Electric Power Substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A fuzzy method using in voltage and reactive power control in electric substation is proposed based on the improved 17 ... times at the tap positions of transformers in substation are much less than usual. So,...

Xiu-hua Wu; Jun-cheng Wang; Ping Yang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS (ACCEPTED NOVEMBER 8, 2014) 1 Stochastic Reactive Power Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

response, and electric vehicles. Advances in photovoltaic (PV) inverters offer new opportunitiesIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS (ACCEPTED NOVEMBER 8, 2014) 1 Stochastic Reactive Power are being challenged by reverse power flows and voltage fluctuations due to renewable generation, demand

Giannakis, Georgios

46

A Guidebook on Grid Interconnection and Islanded Operation of Mini-Grid Power Systems Up to 200 kW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is connected to a power grid, the frequency is regulated bywith regional or national power grids calls for standardizedisland to the mainland power grid. The solar systems, which

Greacen, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

A Guidebook on Grid Interconnection and Islanded Operation of Mini-Grid Power Systems Up to 200 kW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

photovoltaic (PV), wind power, and even diesel generators.are also used in some wind power systems, in which thewas solar, wind, and hydroelectric power, with a significant

Greacen, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

ORNL/CP-97155 Instantaneous Reactive Power and Power Factor of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

ORNL/CP-97155 ORNL/CP-97155 Instantaneous Reactive Power and Power Factor of Instantaneous Phasor s ' 4 . L;/, Oak Ridge National Laboratory* P f Senior Member &Eb "'ii Lf/ .. John S. Hsu 4- p d Post Office Box 2009, MS 8038 Oak Ridge, Tennessee 3783 1-8038 Key wordr: Instantaneous reactive power, Symmetrical property, Instantaiteous phasors, Phasors of one phase, n r e e phases. Abstract The unique property of instantaneous phasors is that at any instant the instantaneous three-phase currents and voltages can be represented by a set of balanced phasors. The instantaneous reactive power and the concept of instantaneous power factor can be clearly understood from the instantaneous phasors. This provides a theoretical foundation for power quality monitoring, diagnostics,

49

Development of a Low-Cost 3-10 kW Tubular SOFC Power System - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 FY 2012 Annual Progress Report DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Norman Bessette Acumentrics Corporation 20 Southwest Park Westwood, MA 02090 Phone: (781) 461-8251; Email: nbessette@acumentrics.com DOE Managers HQ: Dimitrios Papageorgopoulos Phone: (202) 586-5463 Email: Dimitrios.Papageorgopoulos@ee.doe.gov GO: Reginald Tyler Phone: (720) 356-1805 Email: Reginald.Tyler@go.doe.gov Contract Number: DE-FC36-03NT41838 Project Start Date: April 1, 2008 Project End Date: March 31, 2013 Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Objectives The goal of the project is to develop a low-cost 3-10 kW solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) power generator capable of meeting multiple market applications. This is accomplished by: Improving cell power and stability * Cost reduction of cell manufacturing

50

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic reactive power Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

power Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Power control of a wind farm with active stall wind turbines and AC grid connection Summary: , reactive power control and automatic voltage...

51

A Guidebook on Grid Interconnection and Islanded Operation of Mini-Grid Power Systems Up to 200 kW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Induction generators for small hydro schemes, PowerManuals/Guidelines for Small Hydro Development, Sep. 19,re.org/assets/no57.pdf Small Hydro Action for the Promotion

Greacen, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Impacts of dynamic reactive power compensation devices on the performance of wind power generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates the main impacts of dynamic reactive power compensation devices on the performance of induction machine-based wind power generators. The dynamic reactive power compensation devices analysed are the SVC (Static Var Compensator) and the DSTATCOM (Distributed Static Synchronous Compensator). The usage of these devices as a power factor regulator or a voltage regulator is investigated. The technical factors analysed are small-signal voltage stability, transient stability and interactions with the anti-islanding protection system. The analyses are carried out by using a wind farm composed of 30 units of 1 MW induction generators. Such wind farm is connected to a 60 Hz, 33 kV distribution system. The results are a useful guideline to evaluate which control strategy and device are suitable for a determined application as well as to understand the dynamic interactions that can occur.

Walmir Freitas; Mauricio B.C. Salles; Jose C.M. Vieira; Andre Morelato; Luiz Carlos Pereira Da Silva; Vivaldo Fernando Da Costa

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Reactive Power Operation Analysis of a Single-Phase EV/PHEV Bidirectional Battery Charger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

--More battery powered electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) will be introduced, charger, electric vehicle, EV, PHEV, reactive power, V2G. I. INTRODUCTION According to the international of the electric grid by supplying ancillary services such as reactive power compensation, voltage regulation

Tolbert, Leon M.

54

A Tariff for Reactive Power 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the distribution system economically by customers when new inverters are installed. The inverter would be supplied, and adjustable-speed motor drives. Index Terms--Inverter, Power Factor, Reactive Power, Tariff, Voltage efficiency. Reactive power is theoretically available from any inverter-based equipment such as photovoltaic

Pennycook, Steve

55

Photovoltaic solar system connected to the electric power grid operating as active power generator and reactive power compensator  

SciTech Connect

In the case of photovoltaic (PV) systems acting as distributed generation (DG) systems, the DC energy that is produced is fed to the grid through the power-conditioning unit (inverter). The majority of contemporary inverters used in DG systems are current source inverters (CSI) operating at unity power factor. If, however, we assume that voltage source inverters (VSI) can replace CSIs, we can generate reactive power proportionally to the remaining unused capacity at any given time. According to the theory of instantaneous power, the inverter reactive power can be regulated by changing the amplitude of its output voltage. In addition, the inverter active power can be adjusted by modifying the phase angle of its output voltage. Based on such theory, both the active power supply and the reactive power compensation (RPC) can be carried out simultaneously. When the insolation is weak or the PV modules are inoperative at night, the RPC feature of a PV system can still be used to improve the inverter utilisation factor. Some MATLAB simulation results are included here to show the feasibility of the method. (author)

Albuquerque, Fabio L.; Moraes, Adelio J.; Guimaraes, Geraldo C.; Sanhueza, Sergio M.R.; Vaz, Alexandre R. [Universidade Federal de Uberlandia, Uberlandia-MG, CEP 38400-902 (Brazil)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

Using a DFIG-based wind farm for grid node reactive power compensation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Grid nodes voltages are not allowed to deviate excessively from nominal value. Appropriate measures should be taken to prevent such a deviation. The voltage difference between two nodes is strongly affected by reactive power flow. In contrast to frequency control, node voltage control must be achieved locally. This article investigates the use of a wind farm based on a doubly fed induction generators (DFIG) for reactive power compensation of a grid node. A wind speed variation sample is applied to the model of a wind power unit. The power flow between the stator of the DFIG-based wind power unit and the grid is controlled by using the decoupled active and reactive power vector control method. The limits or capacity of the stator and power converters to consume or provide reactive power are discussed. SIMULINK software has been used for the simulation of the system.

Mohamed Kesraoui; Ahmed Chaib; Abdullah Madri; Bilal Hammani

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Study of STATCOM on Reactive Power Compensation Strategy of Wind Farm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For voltage stability problems caused by grid-connected wind farms, a strategy of coordinated reactive power compensation is proposed in this paper. The strategy utilizes static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) and doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) ... Keywords: Reactive Power Compensation Strategy, STATCOM, DFIG, Wind Farm

Hui Li; Shucai Li; Hao Zhang; Weihua Bao

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Active and reactive power ripple minimization in direct power control of matrix converter-fed DFIG  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Despite the advantages of matrix converters (MCs) compared with standard voltage source converters (VSCs), all of the direct power control (DPC) strategies for doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) reported in the literature, only utilize VSCs. In this paper, the influence of MC voltage vectors on active and reactive powers variation is investigated. Compared with VSCs, \\{MCs\\} generate higher number of voltage vectors. Using this inherent advantage of MC, the main contribution of this paper is to reduce large active and reactive power ripples which is one of the main drawbacks of conventional DPC method. Utilizing a wide range of voltage vectors with different amplitudes, a new switching table is derived which using this table, not only large power ripple is compensated but also, a close to unity input power factor for MC can be achieved. In the other word, the presented scheme adds the advantages of MC and DPC together. Moreover, Owing to the operation of MC in direct acac form, the presented scheme effectively eliminates the need for the grid side converter used in conventional DPC, which has a complicated control method is eliminated. Simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed method and have a reasonable correspondence with theoretical and mathematical analysis.

Arjang Yousefi-Talouki; Edris Pouresmaeil; Bo Nrregaard Jrgensen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Examination of a PHEV Bidirectional Charger System for V2G Reactive Power Compensation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Keywords - PHEV; charger; V2G; reactive power; battery I. INTRODUCTION Today, hybrid electric vehicles to power the vehicle for a daily commute. PHEVs provide electricity- only drive option up to a specified which is valuable to the electric power grid. The possibility of using battery-powered vehicles

Tolbert, Leon M.

60

Joint optimization algorithm for network reconfiguration and reactive power control of wind farm in distribution system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years, the number of small size wind farms used as DG sources located within the distribution system are rapidly increasing. Wind farm made up with doubly fed induction generators (DFIG) is proposed in this paper as the continuous reactive ... Keywords: DFIG wind turbine, network reconfiguration, particle swarm optimization, reactive power control, wind farm

Jingjing Zhao; Xin Li; Jiping Lu; Congli Zhang

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

SPACE WEATHER AND THE INCIDENCE OF REACTIVE "OFF-COST" OPERATIONS IN THE PJM POWER GRID  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SPACE WEATHER AND THE INCIDENCE OF REACTIVE "OFF-COST" OPERATIONS IN THE PJM POWER GRID 7.6 Kevin F the price of electricity in the PJM power grid. In this paper we examine one of the mechanisms by which space weather impacts the electricity market in the PJM power grid. The starting point of this paper

Schrijver, Karel

62

Reactive power control of grid-connected wind farm based on adaptive dynamic programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is widely used in the wind power system for its advantages over other two types [5]. The characteristicsReactive power control of grid-connected wind farm based on adaptive dynamic programming Yufei Tang Wind farm Power system Adaptive control a b s t r a c t Optimal control of large-scale wind farm has

He, Haibo

63

The impacts of solar water heating in low-income households on the distribution utilitys active, reactive and apparent power demands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Brazilian low-income households, water-heating requirements are typically met by electrical showerheads. On average, 73.1% of all residential units in the country are equipped with these resistance-heating devices, with nominal powers ranging from 3 to 8kW. This situation imposes a considerable burden on the electricity utility companies, since electrical showerheads typically represent the highest load but the lowest utilization (load factor) in a residential consumer unit. Furthermore, typical utilization times coincide with, and contribute to, the electrical power demand peaks in Brazil, rendering these low-cost, high-power electrical devices a high-cost consumer for the electrical system to cater for. For low-income residential consumers, electricity tariffs are subsidized, and utilities must therefore make a considerable investment in infrastructure for a limited return. In this paper we analyze the impacts of solar water heating in low-income households on the distribution utility active, reactive and apparent power demands. We have monitored a statistically representative group of low-income residences equipped with a compact domestic solar water heater in Florianopolis Brazil for 1year. We show that in comparison with identical residential units using electrical showerheads, with the adoption of solar water heating the reductions in the active, reactive and apparent power demands on the distribution utility were 49%, 29% and 49% respectively.

Helena F. Naspolini; Ricardo Rther

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

The Effect of Loading on Reactive Market Power Antonio C. Zambroni de Souza Fernando Alvarado Mevludin Glavic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that are supposed to be competing in the deregulated energy market. Reactive power supplies can make some particularThe Effect of Loading on Reactive Market Power Antonio C. Zambroni de Souza Fernando Alvarado@engr.wisc.edu glavic@untz.ba Abstract The degree of market power (more precisely, the potential for market power

65

Stability analysis and reactive power compensation issue in a microgrid with a DFIG based WECS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a novel methodology for compensating reactive power in a microgrid, having a DFIG based winddiesel system, to enhance the voltage stability of the hybrid system. UPFC as a FACTS device is proposed in order to improve the control of reactive power mismatch and the stability of the system. A small signal model of the winddiesel system, DFIG based wind turbine system, UPFC and the controllers are designed for the stability analysis. Further, the voltage variation and reactive power compensation is analysed with the incorporation of proposed ANFIS based UPFC controller. Simulations are performed in MATLAB environment for transient stability analysis in a winddiesel based microgrid with different wind power input and 2% step increase in load demand. Simulation results illustrate the efficiency and effectiveness of the proposed approach and its impact upon transient behaviour of the microgrid.

Asit Mohanty; Meera Viswavandya; Prakash K. Ray; Sandipan Patra

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Lillgrund Wind Farm Modelling and Reactive Power Control.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The installation of wind power plant has significantly increased since several years due to the recent necessity of creating renewable and clean energy sources. (more)

Boulanger, Isabelle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Reactive Power Compensation Technologies, State-of-the-Art Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at all levels of power transmission, it improves HVDC (High Voltage Direct Current) conversion terminal performance, increases transmission efficiency, controls steady-state and temporary overvoltages [4], and can the performance of the overall ac power system. Traditionally, rotating synchronous condensers and fixed

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

68

Reactive Power Management using Firefly and Spiral Optimization ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Genetic-Simulated annealing and interior point method [5] ... A comparison between both the algorithms has been ..... results have been simulated using MATLAB Software ... AReview, IEEE International Journal of Power and Energy systems,.

-

2013-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

69

DIRECT CONTACT HEAT EXCHANGER 10 kW POWER LOOP. SECTION 1: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. SECTION 2: TEST SERIES NO. 1. SECTION 3; TEST SERIES NO. 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat Exchangers to Geothermal Power Production Cycles",Heat Exchanger to Geothermal Power Production Cycles",4057702. o m SUMMARY The geothermal power loop was modified

Engineering, Barber-Nicholas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Reactive power interconnection requirements for PV and wind plants : recommendations to NERC.  

SciTech Connect

Voltage on the North American bulk system is normally regulated by synchronous generators, which typically are provided with voltage schedules by transmission system operators. In the past, variable generation plants were considered very small relative to conventional generating units, and were characteristically either induction generator (wind) or line-commutated inverters (photovoltaic) that have no inherent voltage regulation capability. However, the growing level of penetration of non-traditional renewable generation - especially wind and solar - has led to the need for renewable generation to contribute more significantly to power system voltage control and reactive power capacity. Modern wind-turbine generators, and increasingly PV inverters as well, have considerable dynamic reactive power capability, which can be further enhanced with other reactive support equipment at the plant level to meet interconnection requirements. This report contains a set of recommendations to the North-America Electricity Reliability Corporation (NERC) as part of Task 1-3 (interconnection requirements) of the Integration of Variable Generation Task Force (IVGTF) work plan. The report discusses reactive capability of different generator technologies, reviews existing reactive power standards, and provides specific recommendations to improve existing interconnection standards.

McDowell, Jason (General Electric, Schenectady, NY); Walling, Reigh (General Electric, Schenectady, NY); Peter, William (SunPower, Richmond, CA); Von Engeln, Edi (NV Energy, Reno, NV); Seymour, Eric (AEI, Fort Collins, CO); Nelson, Robert (Siemens Wind Turbines, Orlando, FL); Casey, Leo (Satcon, Boston, MA); Ellis, Abraham; Barker, Chris. (SunPower, Richmond, CA)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Discrete sliding mode control strategy for direct real and reactive power regulation of wind driven DFIG  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper investigates a discrete sliding mode control (DSMC) strategy for direct real and reactive power regulation for wind driven doubly fed induction generator (DFIG). The real and reactive power errors are eliminated by directly calculating the rotor control voltages through DSMC. In the stator stationary reference frame, direct real and reactive power control strategy is implemented. Therefore, it does not require the angular information of the stator and rotor currents or voltages. It does not involve any extra current loops which results into simple design. The use of constant converter switching frequency via space vector pulse width modulation eases the AC harmonic filter design and improves the power quality. The use of fast and flexible discrete controller makes the system competent with modern digital world. Detailed simulations have been carried out to validate the method. The simulation results reveal that the real and reactive power references are followed smoothly even in the presence of speed perturbations and performance of the system is robust against parameter variations and system disturbances.

V.N. Pande; U.M. Mate; Shailaja Kurode

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

A source of reactive power at a 35-kV substation of the Vankor oilfield  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An SRP-35/10/10 source of reactive power based on a magnetically controlled RTMU-10000/35-UHL1-series shunt reactor and a capacitor bank rated at 10 MV A at voltage 35 kV is described in this work. It was put int...

B. I. Bazylev; M. A. Bryantsev; S. V. Dyagileva

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Distributed control of reactive power flow in a radial distribution circuit with high photovoltaic penetration  

SciTech Connect

We show how distributed control of reactive power can serve to regulate voltage and minimize resistive losses in a distribution circuit that includes a significant level of photovoltaic (PV) generation. To demonstrate the technique, we consider a radial distribution circuit with a single branch consisting of sequentially-arranged residential-scale loads that consume both real and reactive power. In parallel, some loads also have PV generation capability. We postulate that the inverters associated with each PV system are also capable of limited reactive power generation or consumption, and we seek to find the optimal dispatch of each inverter's reactive power to both maintain the voltage within an acceptable range and minimize the resistive losses over the entire circuit. We assume the complex impedance of the distribution circuit links and the instantaneous load and PV generation at each load are known. We compare the results of the optimal dispatch with a suboptimal local scheme that does not require any communication. On our model distribution circuit, we illustrate the feasibility of high levels of PV penetration and a significant (20% or higher) reduction in losses.

Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Turitsyn, Konstantin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Backhaus, Scott [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sule, Petr [NEW MEXICO CONSORTIUM

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Reactive power management of distribution networks with wind generation for improving voltage stability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reactive power management of distribution networks with wind generation for improving voltage February 2013 Available online Keywords: Composite load Distributed generation D-STATCOM Q with distributed wind generation. Firstly, the impact of high wind penetration on the static voltage stability

Pota, Himanshu Roy

75

Voltage Control of Distribution Networks with Distributed Generation using Reactive Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Voltage Control of Distribution Networks with Distributed Generation using Reactive Power. Nasiruzzaman Abstract--Voltage profile of distribution networks with dis- tributed generation are affected significantly due to the integra- tion of distributed generation (DG) on it. This paper presents a way

Pota, Himanshu Roy

76

Flicker mitigation by reactive power control in wind farm with doubly fed induction generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a novel wind farm control with the purpose to mitigate the flicker emission of doubly fed induction generators. The presented control strategy is implemented in a wind farm connected to a distribution grid with consumers. The control system is composed by two controllers in cascade, the wind farm control and the local wind turbine controller. The wind farm control adapts itself to the consumptions of the distribution network and generates the minimal reactive power which allows smoothing the fast variations of wind power output. In this sense, the wind farm control facilitates the integration of wind farm into weak power grids by exchanging reactive power with network. Moreover, the wind farm controller has to be stable, fast and robust and the wind farm dispatch function has to guarantees that the local wind turbine controller can exchange the reactive power set point with network. This controller has been developed with the simulation tool DigSilent PowerFactory v14.1.

Francesc Girbau-Llistuella; Andreas Sumper; Francisco Daz-Gonzlez; Samuel Galceran-Arellano

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Real Power and Reactive Power Control of a Three-Phase Single-Stage-PV System and PV voltage Stability  

SciTech Connect

Grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems with power electronic interfaces can provide both real and reactive power to meet power system needs with appropriate control algorithms. This paper presents the control algorithm design for a three-phase single-stage grid-connected PV inverter to achieve either maximum power point tracking (MPPT) or a certain amount of real power injection, as well as the voltage/var control. The switching between MPPT control mode and a certain amount of real power control mode is automatic and seamless. Without the DC-to-DC booster stage, PV DC voltage stability is an important issue in the control design especially when the PV inverter is operating at maximum power point (MPP) with voltage/var control. The PV DC voltage collapse phenomenon and its reason are discussed. The method based on dynamic correction of the PV inverter output is proposed to ensure PV DC voltage stability. Simulation results of the single-stage PV system during system disturbances and fast solar irradiation changes confirm that the proposed control algorithm for single-stage PV inverters can provide appropriate real and reactive power services and ensure PV DC voltage stability during dynamic system operation and atmospheric conditions.

Li, Huijuan [ORNL] [ORNL; Xu, Yan [ORNL] [ORNL; Adhikari, Sarina [ORNL] [ORNL; Rizy, D Tom [ORNL] [ORNL; Li, Fangxing [ORNL] [ORNL; Irminger, Philip [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Property:Incentive/PVPbiFitMaxKW | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PVPbiFitMaxKW PVPbiFitMaxKW Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Incentive/PVPbiFitMaxKW Property Type String Description The maximum installed PV capacity in kW that is eligible for the PBI or FIT. Ex: We Energies' FIT maximum eligible PV system size is 100 kW. Format: 100.0 [1] References ↑ DSIRE Pages using the property "Incentive/PVPbiFitMaxKW" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Alliant Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Advanced Renewables Tariff (Wisconsin) + 20 + Ameren Missouri - Solar Renewable Energy Credits + 100 + Anaheim Public Utilities - PV Buydown Program (California) + 1000 + Austin Energy - Commercial PV Incentive Program (Texas) + 20 + Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) + 20 +

79

ANN-based reactive power controller with real-time web monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study introduced a real-time reactive power controller based on artificial neural network with web-based monitoring. A feed-forward employing back-propagation was used as training technique. The inputs to the network were the active and reactive power of each load. The targets were to switch on/off the capacitor banks during normal and abnormal conditions. The network was trained using developed MATLAB program and the weights resulted to minimum mean-square-error were fed to the microcontroller unit. The method was then tested in a three-bus radial distribution system model and implemented using Zilog microcontroller. The system actions were monitored using web-based monitoring application. The method was validated in actual operation of the system using the test data and results were satisfactorily obtained.

Carl John O. Salaan; Mark Joseph M. Victoria; Noel R. Estoperez

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Abstract--This paper proposes an effective VAR planning based on reactive power margin for the enhancement of dynamic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

networks. Distributed generation based on renewable energy sources offers a promising solution1 Abstract-- This paper proposes an effective VAR planning based on reactive power margin for the enhancement of dynamic voltage stability in distribution networks with distributed wind generation

Pota, Himanshu Roy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandReactivePowerCharge | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DemandReactivePowerCharge DemandReactivePowerCharge Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandReactivePowerCharge" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 00b7ccdc-c7e0-40d2-907f-acb6ae828292 + 0.25 + 00e0b930-90c6-43c2-971a-91dade33f76a + 0.32 + 00e2a43f-6844-417a-b459-edf32d33b051 + 0.0092 + 00fb7dca-d0a6-4b11-b7de-791c2fb9f2e1 + 2.7 + 01a64840-7edc-4193-8073-ed5604e098ca + 0.83 + 035f3d22-3650-47cc-a427-bb35170db128 + 0.3 + 042f06f4-6a5b-424f-a31f-8e1c5a838700 + 0.27 + 0479cd85-894d-412b-b2ce-3b96912e9014 + 0.2 + 04bab597-fe1e-4507-8d90-144980aeba73 + 0.3 + 05211bd7-b6d3-425c-9f96-0845b7828c3c + 0.27 + 052fbe23-ac02-4195-b76d-e572cc53f669 + 0.68 + 05490683-8158-4d2f-ad96-66d5e4980890 + 0.25 +

82

Voltage/Pitch Control for Maximization and Regulation of Active/Reactive Powers in Wind Turbines with Uncertainties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of controlling a variable-speed wind turbine with a Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG), modeled as an electromechanically-coupled nonlinear system with rotor voltages and blade pitch angle as its inputs, active and reactive powers as its outputs, and most of the aerodynamic and mechanical parameters as its uncertainties. Using a blend of linear and nonlinear control strategies (including feedback linearization, pole placement, uncertainty estimation, and gradient-based potential function minimization) as well as time-scale separation in the dynamics, we develop a controller that is capable of maximizing the active power in the Maximum Power Tracking (MPT) mode, regulating the active power in the Power Regulation (PR) mode, seamlessly switching between the two modes, and simultaneously adjusting the reactive power to achieve a desired power factor. The controller consists of four cascaded components, uses realistic feedback signals, and operates without knowledge of the C_p-...

Guo, Yi; Jiang, John N; Tang, Choon Yik; Ramakumar, Rama G

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Effects of V2G Reactive Power Compensation on the Component Selection in an EV or PHEV Bidirectional Charger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, electric vehicle, EV, PHEV, reactive power, V2G. I. NOMENCLATURE Vde (t) instantaneous dc link voltage, [V electric vehicles throughout this paper. EV power electronics and related control systems are the system vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are becoming a part of the electric grid day

Tolbert, Leon M.

84

Direct active and reactive power control of 3-level NPC-fed DFIG considering power ripple minimisation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Despite the advantages of three-level neutral point clamp (NPC) converters compared with standard voltage source inverters (VSIs), most of the direct power control (DPC) strategies for doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) reported in the literature, only utilise VSIs. As regards three-level NPC converter generates higher number of voltage vectors compared with standard VSIs, This paper presents a DPC strategy for DFIG using three-level NPC converters in which three-level NPC voltage vectors are employed to reduce large power ripples of conventional DPC. Therefore, a new optimised switching table is derived. Using this table, DFIG provides not only elaborate active and reactive powers which track their reference values very well, but also large power ripple is compensated. Also, because of ripple reduction, total harmonic distortion of rotor current, stator current, stator voltage and grid line-to-line voltage is reduced in proposed strategy compared with conventional DPC. Simulation results show the effectiveness of proposed method and have a reasonable correspondence with theoretical and mathematical analysis.

Milad Yousefi-Talouki; Parviz Ramezanpour

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Integration of reactive polymeric nanofilms into a low-power electromechanical switch for selective chemical sensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the fabrication and demonstration of an ultrathin microelectromechanical chemical sensing device. Microcantilevers are etched from 100-nm-thick silicon nitride, and a 75-nm-thick reactive copolymer film ...

Arora, William J.

86

Reactive Point Processes: A New Approach to Predicting Power Failures in Underground Electrical Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reactive point processes (RPPs) are a new statistical model designed for predicting discrete events, incorporating self-exciting, self-regulating, and saturating components. The self-excitement occurs as a result of a ...

Ertekin, Seyda

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

87

Compatibility of Space Nuclear Power Plant Materials in an Inert He/Xe Working Gas Containing Reactive Impurities  

SciTech Connect

A major materials selection and qualification issue identified in the Space Materials Plan is the potential for creating materials compatibility problems by combining dissimilar reactor core, Brayton Unit and other power conversion plant materials in a recirculating, inert He/Xe gas loop containing reactive impurity gases. Reported here are results of equilibrium thermochemical analyses that address the compatibility of space nuclear power plant (SNPP) materials in high temperature impure He gas environments. These studies provide early information regarding the constraints that exist for SNPP materials selection and provide guidance for establishing test objectives and environments for SNPP materials qualification testing.

MM Hall

2006-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

88

Standard for the determination of steady-state neutron reaction-rate distributions and reactivity of nuclear power reactors  

SciTech Connect

American National Standard ANSI/ANS*-19.3-2005 [1] covers 'The Determination of Steady-State Neutron Reaction-Rate Distributions and Reactivity of Nuclear Power Reactors'. The 2005 version is a new revision of this Standard, which had previously been issued in 1995. In this revision, the sections on the various types of power reactors have been updated to cover the latest methodologies of calculation in current use, and a section on HWR [CANDU{sup R}] reactors has been added. Also, the sections on verification and validation were revised to more fully define, discuss, and distinguish between these topics, and describe actions related to them. (authors)

Rouben, B. [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, 2251 Speakman Drive, Mississauga, Ont. L5K 1B2 (Canada)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Photo of the Week: Argonne's 10 kW Wind Turbine | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Photo of the Week: Argonne's 10 kW Wind Turbine Photo of the Week: Argonne's 10 kW Wind Turbine Photo of the Week: Argonne's 10 kW Wind Turbine November 9, 2012 - 11:57am Addthis At Argonne National Laboratory, the power generated by this 10 kW wind turbine helps scientists and engineers study the interaction of wind energy, electric vehicle charging and grid technology. The turbine is also estimated to offset more than 10 metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions annually. Learn more about renewable energy research at Argonne. | Photo courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory. At Argonne National Laboratory, the power generated by this 10 kW wind turbine helps scientists and engineers study the interaction of wind

90

Harbec Plastics: 750kW CHP Application - Project Profile | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Application - Project Profile This case study profiles Harbec Plastics' 750kW combined heat and power (CHP) project in Ontario, New York to improve plant-wide energy...

91

European Wind Energy Conference 2007 Milan Measurement based analysis of active and reactive power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

European Wind Energy Conference 2007 ­ Milan 1 Measurement based analysis of active and reactive to the network through distribution systems. Because the production units, the distribution systems units will cover consumption in the vicinity. This can contribute to the reduction of the system losses

92

Efficient and Reliable Reactive Power Supply and Consumption … Insights from an Integrated Program of Engineering and Economic Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

82 82 Efficient and Reliable Reactive Power Supply and Consumption - Insights from an Integrated Program of Engineering and Economic Research Robert J. Thomas, Timothy D. Mount, Richard Schuler, William Schulze, Ray Zimmerman, Fernando Alvarado, Bernard C. Lesieutre, Philip N. Overholt, and Joseph H. Eto Preprint version of paper Electricity Journal Energy Analysis Department Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road, MS 90R4000 Berkeley CA 94720-8136 Environmental Energy Technologies Division January 2008 http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/EMS_pubs.html The work described in this report was coordinated by the Consortium for Electric Reliability, Technology Solutions and was funded under the Office of Electricity

93

300kW Energy Storage Demonstration Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

kW Energy Storage Demonstration kW Energy Storage Demonstration Project Technical Overview Presented at: Annual Doe Peer Review Meeting ─ 2008 DOE Energy Storage & Power Electronics Research Programs By Ib I. Olsen September 29, 2008 116 John Street - Suite 2320 New York, New York 10038 (p) 1.212.732.5507 (f) 1.212.732.5597 www.gaiapowertech.com This project is part of the Joint Energy Storage Initiative between the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) and the Energy Storage Systems Program of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE/ESS), and managed by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). Sandia is a multi-program laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration, under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000

94

Site Visit Report, Hanford Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW -...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Site Visit Report, Hanford Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW - August 2011 Site Visit Report, Hanford Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW - August 2011 August 2011 Hanford Sludge...

95

Development of a standard for calculation and measurement of the moderator temperature coefficient of reactivity in water-moderated power reactors  

SciTech Connect

The contents of ANS 19.11, the standard for ``Calculation and Measurement of the Moderator Temperature Coefficient of Reactivity in Water-Moderated Power Reactors,`` are described. The standard addresses the calculation of the moderator temperature coefficient (MTC) both at standby conditions and at power. In addition, it describes several methods for the measurement of the at-power MTC and assesses their relative advantages and disadvantages. Finally, it specifies a minimum set of documentation requirements for compliance with the standard.

Mosteller, R.D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Hall, R.A. [Virginia Power, Glen Allen, VA (United States). Innsbrook Technical Center; Apperson, C.E. Jr. [Westinghouse Safety Management Solutions, Inc., Aiken, SC (United States); Lancaster, D.B. [TRW Environmental Safety Systems, Inc., Vienna, VA (United States); Young, E.H. [Commonwealth Edison Co., Downers Grove, IL (United States); Gavin, P.H. [ABB Combustion Engineering, Windsor, CT (United States); Robertson, S.T. [Framatome/COGEMA Fuels, Lynchburg, VA (United States)

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Theoretical study of the electrical power behavior of a cesium thermionic converter for switching resistive and reactive loads  

SciTech Connect

Pulsed ionized diodes have shown to be an attractive mode to develop thermionic converters. Usually the investigations have been focused to work with additive gases and constant loads at steady state. The experimental transient graphs reported suggest a dynamic behavior of the thermionic converter. Periods of the order of 300 {micro}s have been reported for the decay time of voltage and current, a condition that is similar to a capacitive discharge. A circuit model for a thermionic converter to define this condition is proposed. Using this model, an electrical analysis of the thermionic converter power with different switching loads is made. Both, resistive and reactive loads are connected. Special emphasis is dedicated to determine the resonance frequencies.

Perez, J.G. [ICUAP-BUAP, Puebla (Mexico). Semiconductor Devices Research Center; Estrada, C.A.; Jimenez, A.E.; Cervantes, J.G. [UNAM, Temixco (Mexico). Energy Research Center

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

97

PEV-based Reactive Power Compensation for Wind DG Units: A Stackelberg Game Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

--There has been a growing interest recently towards integrating more renewable energy resources management solutions for renewable wind and solar energy integration. In addition to the need for constantly challenges to integrate these DG units. Above all, there exists no accurate long term wind power prediction

Huang, Jianwei

98

40 kW Stirling engine for solid fuel  

SciTech Connect

The external combustion in a Stirling engine makes it very attractive for utilization of solid fuels in decentralized combined heat and power (CHP) plants. Only few projects have concentrated on the development of Stirling engines specifically for biomass. In this project a Stirling engine has been designed primarily for utilization of wood chips. Maximum shaft power is 40 kW corresponding to an electric output of 36 kW. Biomass needs more space in the combustion chamber compared to gas and liquid fuels, and a large heat transfer area is necessary. The design of the new Stirling engine has been adapted to the special demands of combustion of wood chips, resulting in a large engine compared to engines for gas or liquid fuels. The engine has four-cylinders arranged in a square. The design is made as a hermetic unit, where the alternator is built into the pressurized crankcase so that dynamic seals are avoided. Grease lubricated bearings are used in a special designed crank mechanism, which eliminates guiding forces on the pistons Helium is used as working gas at 4 MPa mean pressure. The first test of the 40 kW engine with natural gas as fuel has been made in the laboratory, and the results are in agreement with predicted results from simulation programs. The wood chips combustion system has been tested for some time with very promising results. When the laboratory test of the engine is finished, the test of the complete system will be initiated. The paper describes the engine and results from the test program. Expectations to maintenance and operation problems are also discussed.

Carlsen, H. [Technical Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby (Denmark). Dept. for Energy Engineering; Ammundsen, N. [Voelund R and D Centre, Kolding (Denmark); Traerup, J. [REKA A/S, Aars (Denmark)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

99

The trapped-particle instability in the Boeing 1kW FEL oscillator  

SciTech Connect

The new design for the Boeing High Average Power Free Electron Laser will operate at 1KW average power (0.63 {mu}m) with a peak current of 132A. Simulations are used to investigate the trapped-particle instability and diffraction effects. Incorporating large desynchronism may prove to be a useful method of controlling the trapped-particle instability.

Ramos, L.; Blau, J.; Colson, W.B. [Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

100

A fuzzy logic supervisor for active and reactive power control of a variable speed wind energy conversion system associated to a flywheel storage system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS) at variable speed using a Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) controlled on the rotor side through converters. A Flywheel Energy Storage System (FESS) is connected to the studied wind generator at the DC bus in order to evaluate its capacity to participate to the ancillary services. We study the improvement of the active and reactive power quality produced by the wind generator and its effect on the load voltage regulation connected to the wind generator. For that, a fuzzy logic supervisor is established to control the FESS operation and the DC bus voltage in order to smooth the active power fluctuations due to the random wind speed variations. A control law is also described to smooth the reactive power at the connection node to the grid.

Lilia Jerbi; Lotfi Krichen; Abderrazak Ouali

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Chemically Reactive Working Fluids | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chemically Reactive Working Fluids for the Capture and Transport of Concentrated Solar Thermal Energy for Power Generation Chemically Reactive Working Fluids SunShot CSP...

102

5 kW Multilevel DC-DC Converter for Hybrid Electric and Fuel Cell Automotive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

automobile, there are many electrical loads grouped into two main categories depending on the voltages5 kW Multilevel DC-DC Converter for Hybrid Electric and Fuel Cell Automotive Applications Faisal H. Khan1,2 Leon M. Tolbert2 fkhan3@utk.edu tolbert@utk.edu 1 Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) 2

Tolbert, Leon M.

103

Determination of the relative power density distribution in a heterogeneous reactor from the results of measurements of the reactivity effects and the neutron importance function  

SciTech Connect

A method for experimental determination of the relative power density distribution in a heterogeneous reactor based on measurements of fuel reactivity effects and importance of neutrons from a californium source is proposed. The method was perfected on two critical assembly configurations at the NARCISS facility of the Kurchatov Institute, which simulated a small-size heterogeneous nuclear reactor. The neutron importance measurements were performed on subcritical and critical assemblies. It is shown that, along with traditionally used activation methods, the developed method can be applied to experimental studies of special features of the power density distribution in critical assemblies and reactors.

Bobrov, A. A.; Glushkov, E. S.; Zimin, A. A.; Kapitonova, A. V.; Kompaniets, G. V.; Nosov, V. I., E-mail: rpp@adis.vver.kiae.ru; Petrushenko, R. P.; Smirnov, O. N. [Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

104

Development and test of a 300 kW superconducting homopolar generator  

SciTech Connect

A 300 kW superconducting homopolar generator has been jointly developed and tested by Wuhan Marine Electrical Propulsion Research Institute and Institute of Electrical Engineering, Academia Sinica. It is a drum-type machine with superconducting excitation and solid brush current collection, 1,300 rpm rotating speed, 230--330 V output voltage. The armature rotor diameter is 620 mm, effective length is 600 mm, the average radial magnetic field in the armature region is 0.75 T. During test it reached 300 kW nominal output power and worked stably. The design and development of the machine and its main components, together with its test results are presented.

Ge, W.; Tang, S. [Wuhan Marine Electrical Propulsion Research Inst. (China); Yan, L.; Yi, C.; Qin, J. [Academia Sinica, Beijing (China). Inst. of Electrical Engineering

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

AN ADJUSTABLE THICKNESS Li/Be TARGET FOR FRAGMENTATION OF 3-kW HEAVY ION BEAMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the target and is carried away by the recirculating liquid lithium loop. It is designed for high power beams in the mass range from oxygen to calcium. Tapered beryllium windows combined with a uniform thickness lithium power of up to 3 kW is currently under construction for use with beams from oxygen to calcium

Harilal, S. S.

106

Manufacturing Cost Analysis of 10 kW and 25 kW Direct Hydrogen Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell for Material Handling Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report provides cost estimates for the manufacture of 10 kW and 25 kW PEM fuel cells designed for material handling applications.

107

Enertech 15-kW wind-system development. Phase II. Fabrication and test  

SciTech Connect

This Phase II report presents a description of the Enertech 15 kW prototype wind system hardware fabrication; results of component tests; and results of preliminary testing conducted at Norwich, VT and the RF Wind Energy Research Center. In addition, the assembly sequence is documented. During testing, the unit experienced several operational problems, but testing proved the design concept and demonstrated the system's ability to meet the contract design specifications for power output.

Zickefoose, C.R.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

CW 100 kW radio frequency-free-electron laser design at 10. mu. m  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the 100 kW CW radio frequency-free-electron last at 10{mu}m to be built at Boeing Defense and Space Group in collaboration with Los Alamos National Laboratory. The authors discuss the criteria which led to the selection of the operating point, the single-accelerator master-oscillator and power-amplifier configuration, the goals of this experiment, and the expected performance.

Parazzoli, C.G.; Rodenburg, R.E.; Romero, J.B.; Adamski, J.L.; Pistoresi, D.J.; Shoffstall, D.R. (Boeing Defense and Space Group, Seattle, WA (US)); Quimby, D.C. (STI Optronics, Inc., Bellevue, WA (US))

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Reactive capability limits of wind farms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS) technology can be classified into two main types: fixed speed and variable speed. Fixed speed WECS use an induction generator connected directly to the grid while variable speed WECS use a power converter to connect the generator to the grid. Fixed speed WECS require shunt capacitors for reactive power compensation, while variable speed WECS have reactive power capability. Under the Spanish grid code, wind farms have to operate in a range of power factor values. This paper determines the reactive power capability of wind farms equipped with both fixed and variable speed WECS. The reactive power capability can be represented as a reactive capability curve. In this paper, the reactive capability curve is used to calculate the additional reactive power compensation needed to meet the requirements of the Spanish grid code.

Alberto Rios Villacorta; Santiago Arnaltes Gomez; Jose Luis Rodriguez-Amenedo

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Abstract--This paper proposes an optimization based method of planning reactive power control for electric transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research under the Electric Power Networks Efficiency and Security (EPNES) program, award ECS0323734. H for electric transmission systems to endow them with the capability of being reconfigured to a secure. The modified New England 39-bus system and a North American power system with 6358 buses are adopted

Kumar, Ratnesh

111

Scotrenewables Wind Power and Marine Power Ltd | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Power and Marine Power Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Scotrenewables Wind Power and Marine Power Ltd Place: Orkey, Scotland, United Kingdom Zip: KW16 3AW Sector:...

112

Behavior of liquid lithium jet irradiated by 1 MeV electron beams up to 20 kW  

SciTech Connect

Experiments were conducted to demonstrate the stable operation of the windowless liquid lithium target under extreme thermal loads that are equivalent to uranium beams from the proposed Rare Isotope Accelerator (RIA) driver linac. The cross section of the windowless liquid lithium target was 5 mmx10 mm and the velocity of the liquid lithium was varied up to 6 m/s. Thermal loads up to 20 kW within a beam spot of 1 mm in diameter were applied on the windowless liquid lithium target by 1 MeV electron beams. The maximum power density and total power deposited within the target was equivalent to that of a 200 kW, 400 MeV/u uranium beam. It was demonstrated that the windowless liquid lithium target flowing at as low as 1.8 m/s stably operates at a beam energy deposition up to 20 kW without disruption or excess vaporization.

Nolen, J.A.; Reed, C.B.; Novick, V.J.; Specht, J.R.; Bogaty, J.M.; Plotkin, P.; Momozaki, Y. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Nuclear Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Energy Technology Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Nuclear Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

Distributed Generation Study/615 kW Waukesha Packaged System | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

kW Waukesha Packaged System kW Waukesha Packaged System < Distributed Generation Study Jump to: navigation, search Study Location Des Plaines, Illinois Site Description Testing Laboratory Study Type Laboratory Test Technology Internal Combustion Engine Prime Mover Waukesha VGF 36GLD Heat Recovery Systems Sondex PHE-Type SL140-TM-EE-190, Sondex PHE-Type SL140-TM-EE-150, Cain UTR1-810A17.5SSP Fuel Natural Gas System Installer GTI System Enclosure Outdoor System Application Combined Heat and Power Number of Prime Movers 1 Stand-alone Capability None Power Rating 615 kW0.615 MW 615,000 W 615,000,000 mW 6.15e-4 GW 6.15e-7 TW Nominal Voltage (V) 480 Heat Recovery Rating (BTU/hr) 2500000 Cooling Capacity (Refrig/Tons) 90 Origin of Controller 3rd Party Off-the-Shelf Component Integration Factory Integrated

114

Design study of a 0.4 THz 100 kW pulsed gyrotron  

SciTech Connect

We present a status of development of a 0.4 THz, 100 kW pulsed gyrotron at UNIST 0.4 THz, 100 kW gyrotron is currently under design for a remote radioactive material detection. A magnetic injection gun (MIG) is used for the electron gun with a beam voltage of 70 kV and beam current of 10 A with a pulse duration of 10 usec. A second harmonic cavity for the gyrotron interaction is considered for the high power THz gyrotron. Numerical optimization of the electron gun design and the cavity is performed in the study. In this paper, we briefly report the design study of the gyrotron. (author)

Choi, E.M., E-mail: emchoi@unist.ac.kr [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

MegaProto: 1 TFlops/10 kW Rack Is Feasible Even with Only Commodity Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MegaProto: 1 TFlops/10 kW Rack Is Feasible Even with Only Commodity Technology Hiroshi Nakashima cluster build only with commodity components to implement this claim. A one-rack system is composed of 32 as with other racks. Each cluster unit houses 16 low-power dollar- bill-sized commodity PC

116

Use of Low-Volatile Solid Fuels in a 100 kW Chemical-Looping Combustor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Swedish wood char and Mexican petcoke, both having low volatile content, were used as fuel. ... The carbon capture efficiency was high with wood char, but not as high with petcoke. ... Using petcoke as fuel, high gas conversion was achieved even when employing very high fuel power, 148 kW. ...

Carl Linderholm; Matthias Schmitz; Pavleta Knutsson; Malin Klln; Anders Lyngfelt

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

117

Development and testing of 100-kW/ 1-minute Li-ion battery systems for energy storage applications.  

SciTech Connect

Two 100 kW min{sup -1} (1.67 kW h{sup -1}) Li-ion battery energy storage systems (BESS) are described. The systems include a high-power Li-ion battery and a 100 kW power conditioning system (PCS). The battery consists of 12 modules of 12 series-connected Saft Li-ion VL30P cells. The stored energy of the battery ranges from 1.67 to 14 kW h{sup -1} and has an operating voltage window of 515-405 V (dc). Two complete systems were designed, built and successfully passed factory acceptance testing after which each was deployed in a field demonstration. The first demonstration used the system to supplement distributed microturbine generation and to provide load following capability. The system was run at its rated power level for 3 min, which exceeded the battery design goal by a factor of 3. The second demonstration used another system as a stand-alone uninterrupted power supply (UPS). The system was available (online) for 1146 h and ran for over 2 min.

Doughty, Daniel Harvey; Clark, Nancy H.

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

PEV-based P-Q Control in Line Distribution Networks with High Requirement for Reactive Power Compensation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

impact of distribution level wind turbines. Our design is based on a nonlinear power flow analysis of wind turbines to support their induction load to avoid generator voltage excursion. Note that, although-sized wind turbines in large wind farms [1], the smaller wind turbines that are used at the distribution

Huang, Jianwei

119

Development and Demonstration of a New Generation High Efficiency 10kW Stationary Fuel Cell System  

SciTech Connect

The overall project objective is to develop and demonstrate a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell combined heat and power (PEMFC CHP) system that provides the foundation for commercial, mass produced units which achieve over 40% electrical efficiency (fuel to electric conversion) from 50-100% load, greater than 70% overall efficiency (fuel to electric energy + usable waste heat energy conversion), have the potential to achieve 40,000 hours durability on all major process components, and can be produced in high volumes at under $400/kW (revised to $750/kW per 2011 DOE estimates) capital cost.

Howell, Thomas Russell

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

120

Columbia Power System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

System System Jump to: navigation, search Name Columbia Power System Place Tennessee Utility Id 3855 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png GENERAL POWER RATE From 51 kW to 1,000 kW Commercial GENERAL POWER RATE Up to 50 kW Commercial GENERAL POWER RATE(Demand greater than 1,000 kW not exceeding 5000kW) Commercial General Power Rate(Demand 5001-15000kW) Commercial MANUFACTURING SERVICE POWER RATE DEMAND 5,001-15,000 kW Commercial OUTDOOR LIGHTING STREET, PARKS, & ATHLETIC FIELDS Lighting

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

4-County Electric Power Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4-County Electric Power Assn 4-County Electric Power Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name 4-County Electric Power Assn Place Mississippi Utility Id 6641 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Power GSA (50 kW - 1000 kW) Commercial General Power GSA (Over 1000 kW) Industrial General Power GSA (Under 50 kW) Commercial General Power GSB (5000 kW - 15000 kW) Industrial Manufacturing Service Rates (5000 kW - 15000 kW) Industrial Residential Residential

122

Savings Through Power Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Harmonics can be cause of inefficient distribution of power, power line carrier (PLC), egg. Clocks and Energy Management Systems (EMS). Finally, harmonics can cause utility meters, KW Demand and KWH consumption, to register false readings. Electro...

Mehrdad, M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Otter Tail Power Company - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Otter Tail Power Company - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate Commercial Water Heaters: $5,000 Program Info State North Dakota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Residential Demand Control: $300/unit Water Heaters: $150 - $300 Commercial Water Heaters: $20/kW RDC Thermal Storage Units: $20/kW, up to 100 kW Deferred-load Thermal Storage Units: $20/kw, up to 200 kW, plus $10/kW for up to 1,000 additional kW Fixed-time-of-delivery Thermal Storage Units: $40/kw, up to 200 kW, plus $20/kW for up to 1,000 additional kW AC Controls: $7/month seasonally

124

Reactive Maintenance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Reactive maintenance follows a run-it-until-it-breaks strategy where no actions or efforts are taken to maintain equipment as intended by the manufacturer. Studies indicate this is still the predominant mode of maintenance for Federal facilities.

125

DSP IMPLEMENTATION OF DC VOLTAGE REGULATION USING ADAPTIVE CONTROL FOR 200 KW 62000 RPM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to control the DC voltage for 200 kW induction generator rated at a speed of 62000 RPM under different load to regulate the DC voltage for high speed induction generators rated from 5 kW to 200 kW. ii #12DSP IMPLEMENTATION OF DC VOLTAGE REGULATION USING ADAPTIVE CONTROL FOR 200 KW 62000 RPM INDUCTION

Wu, Thomas

126

Dixie Electric Power Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Assn Power Assn Place Mississippi Utility Id 5175 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial/Industrial (100 kW - 1000 kW) Industrial Commercial/Industrial (100kW - 1000kW) - Primary Voltage Commercial Commercial/Industrial (Over 1000 kW) Industrial Commercial/Industrial (Over 1000 kW) - Primary Voltage Commercial Commercial/Industrial (Under 100 kW) Commercial Commercial/Industrial (Under 100 kW) - Primary Voltage Commercial Commercial/Industrial No Demand Industrial

127

Pontotoc Electric Power Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pontotoc Electric Power Assn Pontotoc Electric Power Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name Pontotoc Electric Power Assn Place Mississippi Utility Id 15211 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Flood Light MH 400 W Lighting Flood Light MH 400 W 30' pole Lighting Flood Light MH 400 W 35' pole Lighting Flood Light MH 400 W 40' pole Lighting General Power Service GSA (1001 kW - 5000 kW) Industrial General Power Service GSA (51 kW -1000 kW) Multi-Phase Commercial General Power Service GSA (51 kW -1000 kW) Single-Phase Commercial

128

Conceptual design and system studies for a 600 kW repetitive pulse transformer  

SciTech Connect

Pulse transformer conceptual design and system studies were conducted at the Westinghouse Science and Technology Center for the Sandia National Laboratories' Repetitive High Energy Pulsed Power (RHEPP) System. The RHEPP system relies on magnetic switches to achieve pulse compression from 120 Hz ac to microsecond pulses. A 600 kW, 120 Hz Westinghouse alternator supplies ac prime power at 10 kV (rms). Two magnetic switching stages will compress the pulses to 115 usec prior to the pulse transformer. The transformer steps the voltage up to 254 kV. The pulse transformer has an 18:1 turns ratio and is capable of continuous duty operation. System studies were conducted to minimize transformer loss and leakage inductance within transformer size constraints. The optimized design had a 3-step nickel iron core with 9 primary turns. 7 refs., 15 figs.

Hall, D.J.; Pavlik, D.; Roach, J.F. (Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (USA). Science and Technology Center); Harjes, H.C. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Development of a 402.5 MHz 140 kW Inductive Output Tube  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the results of Phase I of an SBIR to develop a Pulsed Inductive Output Tube (IOT) with 140 kW at 400 MHz for powering H-proton beams. A number of sources, including single beam and multiple beam klystrons, can provide this power, but the IOT provides higher efficiency. Efficiencies exceeding 70% are routinely achieved. The gain is typically limited to approximately 24 dB; however, the availability of highly efficient, solid state drivers reduces the significance of this limitation, particularly at lower frequencies. This program initially focused on developing a 402 MHz IOT; however, the DOE requirement for this device was terminated during the program. The SBIR effort was refocused on improving the IOT design codes to more accurately simulate the time dependent behavior of the input cavity, electron gun, output cavity, and collector. Significant improvement was achieved in modeling capability and simulation accuracy.

R. Lawrence Ives; Michael Read, Robert Jackson

2012-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

130

Fuel Temperature Coefficient of Reactivity  

SciTech Connect

A method for measuring the fuel temperature coefficient of reactivity in a heterogeneous nuclear reactor is presented. The method, which is used during normal operation, requires that calibrated control rods be oscillated in a special way at a high reactor power level. The value of the fuel temperature coefficient of reactivity is found from the measured flux responses to these oscillations. Application of the method in a Savannah River reactor charged with natural uranium is discussed.

Loewe, W.E.

2001-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

131

Evaluation of NH3-SCR Catalyst Technology on a 250-kW Stationary...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

NH3-SCR Catalyst Technology on a 250-kW Stationary Diesel Genset Evaluation of NH3-SCR Catalyst Technology on a 250-kW Stationary Diesel Genset 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions...

132

Minnesota Power - Power Grant Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Minnesota Power - Power Grant Program Minnesota Power - Power Grant Program Minnesota Power - Power Grant Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Other Maximum Rebate 0 to 100 kW: $10,000 101 to 300 kW: $25,000 Over 300 kW: $50,000 Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Grant Program Rebate Amount $200/kW rebate Provider Minnesota Power Minnesota Power Grant Program offers grants of up to $50,000 to its commercial, industrial, and agricultural customers who use innovative technologies, improve manufacturing processes, undertake renewable electric energy projects or who need project design assistance. Eligible projects include renewable energy products, new electro-technologies that lower energy costs per unit of production in a manufacturing process, innovative

133

Electronic power conditioning for dynamic power conversion in high-power space systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

require power levels above 10 kW, . For high energy levels of short duration, Chemical energy sources are effective choices. Utilizing magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), for example, these systems provide pulse power to their respective loads. And lastly, A...

Hansen, James Michael

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

TVA chooses nuclear power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TVA chooses nuclear power ... In giving the nod to a nuclear (over a coal) power generating station 10 days ago, TVA probably gave nuclear power its biggest boost to date. ... The $247 million nuclear power planta dual boiling-water reactor unit with a total capacity of 2.2 million kw(e).will ...

1966-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

135

1.3kW monolithic linearly-polarized single-mode MOPA and strategies for mitigating mode instabilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the high power amplification of 1064nm linearly-polarized laser in all-fiber polarization-maintained MOPA, which can operate at output power level of 1.3kW. The main amplifier was pumped with six 915nm laser diodes, and the slope efficiency is 65.3%. The beam quality (M2) was measured to be cladding large mode area fiber, and, by tight coiling of the gain fiber to the radius of 5.5cm, the MI threshold can be increased to 3 times higher than that without coiling or loose coiling. Experimental study has been carr...

Tao, Rumao; Wang, Xiaolin; Zhou, Pu; Liu, Zejin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Enertech 2-kW high-reliability wind system. Phase II. Fabrication and testing  

SciTech Connect

A high-reliability wind machine rated for 2 kW in a 9 m/s wind has been developed. Activities are summarized that are centered on the fabrication and testing of prototypes of the wind machine. The test results verified that the wind machine met the power output specification and that the variable-pitch rotor effectively controlled the rotor speed for wind speeds up to 50 mph. Three prototypes of the wind machine were shipped to the Rocky Flats test center in September through November of 1979. Work was also performed to reduce the start-up wind speed. The start-up wind speed to the Enertech facility has been reduced to 4.5 m/s.

Cordes, J A; Johnson, B A

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Power Recovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) - 2,870,000 x 0.8 6 W - 3414 = 70 kw (or 900 hp). When recovering power from an expanding gas, consideration should be given to the final gas temperature. This tem;:>f'rature can be estimated by the formula: T 2 Final temperature, oR. Other... with the requirements make generation fqr more useful. Presently a recovery level of around 500 kw (or 657 hp) appears to be the minimum level which will support an in stallation. In order to achieve reasonable effi ciency, quality equipment with good control...

Murray, F.

138

18-IGBT PWM-VSIThree-leg Boost LCL-filterRectifier 500 kW 21-IGBT-based frequency converter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for 35 years, proving that a well- constructed wind turbine is a sustainable approach to renewable energy-speed wind power systems, have been introduced [1-5] and while a fair amount of them had a great impact3 phase AC Grid 18-IGBT PWM-VSIThree-leg Boost LCL-filterRectifier SG 500 kW 21-IGBT

Berning, Torsten

139

Conservation of reactive electromagnetic energy in reactive time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The complex Poynting theorem (CPT) is extended to a canonical time-scale domain $(t,s)$. Time-harmonic phasors are replaced by the positive-frequency parts of general fields, which extend analytically to complex time $t+is$, with $s>0$ interpreted as a time resolution scale. The real part of the extended CPT gives conservation in $t$ of a time-averaged field energy, and its imaginary part gives conservation in $s$ of a time-averaged reactive energy. In both cases, the averaging windows are determined by a Cauchy kernel of width $\\Delta t\\sim \\pm s$. This completes the time-harmonic CPT, whose imaginary part is generally supposed to be vaguely `related to' reactive energy without giving a conservation law, or even an expression, for the latter. The interpretation of $s$ as reactive time, tracking the leads and lags associated with stored capacitative and inductive energy, gives a simple explanation of the volt-ampere reactive (var) unit measuring reactive power: a var is simply one Joule per reactive second. T...

Kaiser, Gerald

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

SciTech Connect: Industrial Power Factor Analysis Guidebook.  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

of reactive power in an electrical system. Reactive power represents wasted energy--electricity that does no useful work because the electrical current is out of phase with...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Performance evaluation of a 250 kW switched reluctance starter generator  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the system integration and performance evaluation testing of a high speed, 250 kW starter/generator [S/G] system used for starting and secondary electrical power extraction from an aircraft propulsion gas turbine. The effort described here is part of a contract sponsored by the USAF, Wright Laboratories, WPAFB. The paper describes a switched reluctance [SR] machine which is operating both as a motor and generator in a speed range of 0 to 22,224 rpm. Additionally it is one of the highest rated motor/generator systems in the SR technology. The system employs two independent channels consisting of two groups of three phase windings, two three phase inverters, and two controllers and can provide two different power output buses for independent loading. The system hardware is described briefly followed by a detailed description of the test results. These show some surprises with regards to single channel operating mode. A brief derivation and explanation of the findings is provided. The motor/generator system is planned to be part of a more electric aircraft power system.

Richter, E.; Ferreira, C.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

142

Optimizing Power Factor Correction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

studied were 100, 150, 200, 300, 400, and 500 hours times each value of KW. The values of the capacitor cost parameters B and D were chosen to cover the range of costs suggested by capacitor suppliers and an electrical contractor. The values for B... plots correspond Power Factor Range: 0.5 to 1.0. to values of KW and KWH as shown in Fig. 5. The Figure 6; B ? $1,500; D ? $15 per kV I\\R. values of KWH are the products of the KW's and the hours. KWH/KII, hr 100 150 200 300 400 500 KII, kll...

Phillips, R. K.; Burmeister, L. C.

143

225-kW Dynamometer for Testing Small Wind Turbine Components (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes the capabilities, operating envelope, loads and components of the 225-kW dynamometer at the NWTC.

Not Available

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Structural Analyses of Wind Turbine Tower for 3 kW Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Structure analyses of a steel tower for Cal Poly's 3 kW small wind turbine is presented. First, some general design aspects of the wind (more)

Gwon, Tae gyun (Tom)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Florida Power and Light - Business Energy Efficiency Rebates | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Florida Power and Light - Business Energy Efficiency Rebates Florida Power and Light - Business Energy Efficiency Rebates Florida Power and Light - Business Energy Efficiency Rebates < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Manufacturing Other Construction Heat Pumps Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Design & Remodeling Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Chillers: $99/kW reduced Thermal Energy Storage: $580/kW shifted DX AC: $165/kW reduced (Unitary); $495/kW reduced (Room Unit) Energy Recovery Ventilators: $415/kW reduced Demand Control Ventilation: $600/kW reduced ECM Motors for DX Systems: $100/kW reduced

146

Generation of 1.5-kW, 1-THz Coherent Radiation from a Gyrotron with a Pulsed Magnetic Field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To cover a so-called terahertz gap in available sources of coherent electromagnetic radiation, the gyrotron with a pulsed solenoid producing up to a 40T magnetic field has been designed, manufactured, and tested. At a 38.5T magnetic field, the gyrotron generated coherent radiation at 1.022THz frequency in 50???sec pulses. The microwave power and energy per pulse were about 1.5kW and 75mJ, respectively. Details of the gyrotron design, manufacturing, operation and measurements of output radiation are given.

M. Yu. Glyavin; A. G. Luchinin; G. Yu. Golubiatnikov

2008-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

147

Chemically Reactive Working Fluids for the Capture and Transport...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Optical Waveguide Coupler Transformers for High-Power Solar Enegy Collection and Transmission Chemically Reactive Working Fluids Low-Cost Light Weigh Thin Film Solar Concentrators...

148

Tests with a line-commutated converter as a variable inductive load on the Bonneville Power Administration transmission system  

SciTech Connect

A twelve-pulse, line-commutated converter, with a steady-state rating of 2.5 kV and 5.5 kA, formerly used for charging and discharging a superconducting magnet, was reconfigured as a static reactive power load. Tests staged at the Tacoma, WA, substation of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) revealed that the converter could be used as a variable inductive load, provided a stable current controller was installed. The unit was modulated as a variable VAR load following a sinusoidal VAR demand signal with an amplitude up to 14.8 MVAR. The total losses at maximum VAR output were 370 kW. This paper explains the necessary modifications of the converter to operate as a variable reactive load. Measured current waveshapes are analyzed. The effects of such a load on the BPA transmission system are presented.

Boenig, H.J.; Hauer, J.F.; Nielsen, R.G.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Testing of a 50-kW wind-diesel hybrid system at the National Wind Technology Center  

SciTech Connect

To further the development of commercial hybrid power systems, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), in collaboration with the New World Village Power Corporation (NWVP), tested a NWVP 50-kW wind-diesel hybrid system connected to a 15/50 Atlantic Orient Corporation (AOC) wind turbine. Testing was conducted from October 1995 through March 1996 at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). A main objective of the testing was to better understand the application of wind turbines to weak grids typical of small villages. Performance results contained in this paper include component characterization, such as power conversion losses for the rotary converter systems and battery round trip efficiencies. In addition, systems operation over this period is discussed with special attention given to dynamic issues. Finally, future plans for continued testing and research are discussed.

Corbus, D.A.; Green, J.; Allderdice, A.; Rand, K.; Bianchi, J. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Linton, E. [New World Village Power, Waitsfield, VT (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Coast Electric Power Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coast Electric Power Assn Coast Electric Power Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name Coast Electric Power Assn Place Mississippi Utility Id 3841 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Churches Commercial Churches Time of Use Commercial Commercial (Over 25 kW) Commercial Commercial (Over 25 kW) Time of Use Commercial Industrial (Over 1000 kW) Industrial Industrial (Over 1000 kW) Time of Use Industrial Large Power (Over 2500 kW) Industrial Light Service HPS 100 W - Rural Lighting

151

Site Visit Report, Hanford Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW - August 2011 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW - August Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW - August 2011 Site Visit Report, Hanford Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW - August 2011 August 2011 Hanford Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW Final Safety Analysis Report Review This report documents the results of a review conducted by the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) of selected aspects of the 105-KW Basin Final Safety Analysis Report (HNF-SD-WM-SAR-062, Revision 14C) for the Sludge Treatment Project at the Hanford Site. HSS's review of the K-West Basin FSAR found it to be generally adequate with respect to the scope of this review. However, some aspects of the FSAR accident analyses of two events may warrant further review: MCO transport cask drop into the K-Basin, and the fire accident event involving the cask

152

Mississippi Power - EarthCents Commercial Incentives Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mississippi Power - EarthCents Commercial Incentives Program Mississippi Power - EarthCents Commercial Incentives Program Mississippi Power - EarthCents Commercial Incentives Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State Mississippi Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Boilers/Resistance Heat Conversions: 15/kW Heat Pump Conversions: 20/ton Infrared Heat (New Construction, Additions, Conversions): 5/kW Electric Water Heater (New, Addition): 8 - 12/kW Electric Water Heater (Conversion): 16 - 24/kW Electric Cooking Equipment (New): 5/kW Electric Cooking Equipment (Conversion): 15/kW Provider Efficiency Programs Mississippi Power offers rebates to commercial customers to help offset the

153

E-Print Network 3.0 - administration reduces reactive Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

reactive power losses, and increasing line charging and shunt capacitor... Summary Bonneville Power Administration is investigating wide-area stability and voltage...

154

Reactivating personal memory 1 RUNNING HEAD: Reactivating personal memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reactivating personal memory 1 RUNNING HEAD: Reactivating personal memory Modifying memory: Selectively enhancing and updating personal memories for a museum; Reactivating personal memory 2 Abstract Memory can be modified when reactivated

Schacter, Daniel

155

Testing of a 50-kW Wind-Diesel Hybrid System at the National Wind Technology Center  

SciTech Connect

In remote off-grid villages and communities, a reliable power source is important in improving the local quality of life. Villages often use a diesel generator for their power, but fuel can be expensive and maintenance burdensome. Including a wind turbine in a diesel system can reduce fuel consumption and lower maintenance, thereby reducing energy costs. However, integrating the various components of a wind-diesel system, including wind turbine, power conversion system, and battery storage (if applicable), is a challenging task. To further the development of commercial hybrid power systems, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), in collaboration with the New World Village Power Corporation (NWVP), tested a NWVP 50-kW wind-diesel hybrid system connected to a 15/50 Atlantic Orient Corporation (AOC) wind turbine. Testing was conducted from October 1995 through March 1996 at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). A main objective of the testing was to better understand the application of wind turbines to weak grids typical of small villages. Performance results contained in this report include component characterization, such as power conversion losses for the rotary converter system and battery round trip efficiencies. In addition, system operation over the test period is discussed with special attention given to dynamic issues. Finally, future plans for continued testing and research are discussed.

Corbus, D. A.; Green, H. J.; Allderdice, A.; Rand, K.; Bianchi, J.; Linton, E.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Results of actinometric measurements at location of LSF with thermal capacity of 1000 kW  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper considers the methods of measuring solar radiation and analyzes the long-term data obtained by actinometric measurements of solar radiation at the location of the LSF with a thermal capacity of 1000 kW ...

A. A. Abdurakhmanov; Yu. B. Sobirov; M. S. Paizullakhonov

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Diffraction and pulse slippage in the Boeing 1 kW FEL oscillator  

SciTech Connect

A four-dimensional simulation in x, y, z, and t, including betatron motion of the electrons, is used to study the combined effects of diffraction, pulse slippage and desynchronism in the Boeing 1 kW FEL oscillator.

Blau, J.; Wong, R.K.; Colson, W.B. [Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

158

Researchers' Hottest New Laser Beams 14.2 kW | Jefferson Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Researchers' Hottest New Laser Beams 14.2 kW For more information: Office of Naval Research press release The linear accelerator portion of the FEL. On Thursday, Oct. 26,...

159

Characterization of a 5 kW solid oxide fuel cell stack using power electronic excitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuel cells have attracted great interest as a means of clean, efficient conversion of chemical to electrical energy. This paper demonstrates the identification of both non-parametric and lumped circuit models of our stack ...

Seger, Eric

160

Development of a Low Cost 3-10kW Tubular SOFC Power System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Reducing Pump Power Consumption by 40% (1000 KW) Through Improved Pump Management in a Central Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are connected to the loop supply common header and loop return common header. Chillers 1 - 4 are 1500-ton, double effect absorption chillers. Five pumps support this cluster between the loop return common header and their inlet sub- common header. Figure 3... operation schedule. Turbine Steam Flow (LBm 6600 6300 5500 4700 4700 I Chiller9 ( Chiller10 1 Chillers 11 & 12 Central Utilitv Plant Chillers 1 - 4. Because some modification work is in the process with absorption chillers # 1 - 4 of the Central...

Deng, S.; Liu, M.; Turner, W. D.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Development of autonomous solar hydrogen power plant of capacity to 5 kW  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main results of developing a pilot project concerning the water thermal decomposition cycle at 700C in a reactor located at the concentrator focus are presented. Steam is generated and the mixture of wate...

A. A. Abdurakhmanov; A. Sh. Khodzhaev; M. A. Mamatkosimov

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Development of a Low Cost 3-10kW Tubular SOFC Power System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal Modeling Ceramics Processing Manufacturing Sales & Marketing Automation Finance Strategic Partners 120 / 240VAC output · Hot swap battery case · Parallelable to 20 kWatts Acumentrics Battery-based UPS

164

The Themis program and the 2500-KW Themis solar power station at Targasonne  

SciTech Connect

Following the first oil crisis, the French Agency for Energy Conservation (A.E.E.) setup in 1975, devoted its time and efforts towards saving energy both in industry and in housing. This effort was expanded by our government in 1978, when the French solar energy authority, known as COMES, was created: it concentrated on R and D pertaining to new and renewable energy. Early this year, these two agencies were merged together to create the French Agency for the Management of Energy (FAME), which includes geothermal and heat distribution networks. This decision now gives the French government the tool to implement a very ambitious and diversified program, calling at the same time on energy conservation and on new and renewable energies development. An important part of the R and D program set up by FAME is the thermodynamic conversion program. On one side, the program devotes itself to the development of components and systems, among them the THEK program which deals with parabolic dishes. These could be used not only for heat generation purposes or electricity generation but also in stand alone systems, for example to refrigerate and conserve fish, a useful application in the developing countries. On the other side, the program calls for the implementation of pilot plants in order to experiment with these components and thermodynamic cycles. Such a pilot plant is nearing completion near Ajaccio in Corsica, and is due for operation early next year. Partial tests have already been run. It was a distributed collector parabolic trough array and a Rankine cycle turbine.

Drouot, L.P.; Hillairet, M.J.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.9 On-Site Power  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 Average Combined Heat and Power Capacity as of 2011, Selected Building Type and Prime Mover (kW) Combustion Reciprocating Turbine Engine Fuel Cell Microturbine Multifamily...

166

205 kW Photovoltaic (PV) System Installed on the U.S. Department of Energy's Forrestal Building  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project Description Project Description The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005), the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007), and Presidential Executive Order 13423 all contain requirements for Federal facilities to decrease energy consumption and increase the use of renewable energy by the year 2015. To provide leadership in meeting these requirements, DOE, in partnership with the General Services Administration (GSA), has installed a rooftop solar electric, or PV, system on the roof of DOE's headquarters in Washington, D.C. The 205 kilowatt (kW) installation is one of the largest of its kind in the Nation's capital. A display in the For- restal building will show the power output of the PV system during the day and the energy produced over

167

Development of a turbine-compressor for 10 kW class neon turbo-Brayton refrigerator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We are developing 10 kW class turbo-Brayton refrigerator whose working fluid is neon gas. Its high pressure value is 1 MPa and its low pressure value is 0.5 MPa. The refrigerator consists of two turbine-compressors and a heat exchanger. The turbine-compressor has a turbo-expander on one side of its shaft and a turbo-compressor on the other side of the shaft. Two turbo-compressors are connected in series and two turbo-expanders are set in parallel. So all amount of neon gas is compressed by two stages and each half a mount of neon gas is expanded by one stage. Two turbinecompressors are the same machines and development cost and time are minimized. In this stage we made one prototype turbine-compressor and installed it in a performance test facility. This paper shows details of the turbine-compressor and refrigerator cooling power simulation results.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Development Methodology for Power-Dense Military Diesel Engine  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Laboratory data and modeling results are presented on a military auxiliary power unit engine that has a peak efficiency of 35.3% at an output shaft power of 25 kW.

169

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY KENETECH WINDPOWER, INC. (KW) FOR AN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

KENETECH WINDPOWER, INC. (KW) FOR AN KENETECH WINDPOWER, INC. (KW) FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER NREL SUBCONTRACT NO: AAA-5-13320-02 UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO: DE-AC36-83CH10093 W(A)-95-003; CH-0849 Kenetech Windpower, Inc. (KW) has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions arisg from the above referenced subcontract entitled "Advanced Wind Turbine Program Next Generation Turbine Development Project." The objective of the work to be performed under this subcontract is to design and develop an advanced next generation wind turbine capable of producing electricity for $0.04/kWh or less at 5.8 m/s(13mph) sites in the 1998-2000 time period. The work is to proceed in two stages. In the first stage, which is the subject of this waiver, the work comprises a concept study to develop

170

Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects 250 kW or Less |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects 250 kW or Less Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects 250 kW or Less Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects 250 kW or Less < Back Eligibility Commercial Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Water Wind Program Info Start Date 01/01/2010 State Ohio Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% exemption Provider Ohio Development Services Agency Ohio's Renewable and Advanced Energy Project Property Tax Exemption, enacted with the passage of Ohio S.B. 232 in the summer of 2010, exempts qualified energy projects in Ohio from public utility tangible personal property taxes and real property taxes*. Before passage of S.B. 232, a renewable energy facility in Ohio that sold electricity to a third-party

171

Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects over 250 kW (Payment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects over 250 kW Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects over 250 kW (Payment in Lieu) Qualified Energy Property Tax Exemption for Projects over 250 kW (Payment in Lieu) < Back Eligibility Commercial Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Wind Program Info Start Date 01/01/2010 State Ohio Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% property tax exemption; payment in lieu of tax required Provider Ohio Development Services Agency Ohio's Renewable and Advanced Energy Project Property Tax Exemption, enacted with the passage of Ohio S.B. 232 in the summer of 2010, exempts qualified energy projects in Ohio from public utility tangible personal

172

Power Development in Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... 000 kw. steam power station, and the provision of switchgear, overhead lines and three substations for a transmission system about 16 km. in length. Provision is to be made ... will also be provided for stand-by service to the station auxiliaries. Transmission to the substation will be at 66,000 volts, the station output being stepped up to this ...

1940-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

173

North Wind 4-kW wind-system development. Phase II. Fabrication and test  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of Phase II (testing and fabrication) of a program funded by the US Department of Energy to design, fabricate, and test a cost-effective wind system in the 3 to 6 kW class. During Phase II, using the design developed during Phase I, a prototype 4 kW machine was fabricated and tested in Waitsfield, Vermont. Several problems were encountered and subsequently analyzed. Design modifications, including the use of a larger alternator, are described. Test performed by North Wind and by Rockwell International (which monitored the program) demonstrated the predicted performance characteristics and the validity of the North Wind design.

Lynch, J.; Coleman, C.; Mayer, D.J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Gnrateur Plasma d'Arc Air de 2 kW ABDERRAHMANE HALIS1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Générateur à Plasma d'Arc à Air de 2 kW ABDERRAHMANE HALIS1 , BERNARD PATEYRON2 , MOHAMMED EL : Une torche plasma d'arc à air de moins de 2 kW a été conçue et réalisée dans le laboratoire de imposent l'usage d'une flamme plasma : soudage, découpage, rechargement de métaux, traitement thermique de

Boyer, Edmond

175

High Plains Power Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High Plains Power Inc High Plains Power Inc Place Wyoming Utility Id 8566 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png IRRIGATION Industrial LARGE POWER 500kW OR GREATER TIME OF USE Industrial LARGE POWER DISTRIBUTION SUBSTATION GREATER THAN 500kW LEVEL SERVICE Industrial LARGE POWER DISTRIBUTION SUBSTATION LESS THAN 500kW LEVEL SERVICE Industrial LARGE POWER THREE PHASE DISTRIBUTION PRIMARY LEVEL SERVICE Industrial LARGE POWER THREE PHASE DISTRIBUTION PRIMARY LEVEL SERVICE V2 Industrial

176

Hanford Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW Final Safety Analysis Report Review, August 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Site Visit Report Site Visit Report Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW Final Safety Analysis Report Review May 2011 August 2011 Office of Enforcement and Oversight Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 1 2.0 Background ............................................................................................................................................ 1 3.0 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 1 4.0 Results .................................................................................................................................................... 2

177

Hanford Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW Final Safety Analysis Report Review, August 2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Visit Report Site Visit Report Sludge Treatment Project 105-KW Final Safety Analysis Report Review May 2011 August 2011 Office of Enforcement and Oversight Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 1 2.0 Background ............................................................................................................................................ 1 3.0 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 1 4.0 Results .................................................................................................................................................... 2

178

Chemical-Looping Combustion with Fuel Oil in a 10 kW Pilot Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemical-Looping Combustion with Fuel Oil in a 10 kW Pilot Plant ... The unit is based on interconnected fluidized beds and is similar to the design originally presented by Lyngfelt et al.(12) In the riser section there is a fast-fluidized regime, whereas in the loop-seals and the fuel reactor there is a bubbling regime. ... Energy Combust. ...

Patrick Moldenhauer; Magnus Rydn; Tobias Mattisson; Ali Hoteit; Aqil Jamal; Anders Lyngfelt

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

179

Tests of a 4,000 kw. Gas-Turbine Set  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... January 5, gives a description and test results of a 4,000 kw. combustion-turbine generating set, recently constructed by Messrs. Brown, Boveri and Co., Ltd., ... in emergencies, and consists of an axial-type air-compressor, a combustion chamber, a gas- ...

1940-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

180

Black Hills Energy - Solar Power Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Black Hills Energy - Solar Power Program Black Hills Energy - Solar Power Program Black Hills Energy - Solar Power Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government General Public/Consumer Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Start Date 7/1/2006 State Colorado Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount Systems up to 10 kW: $0.1267/kWh (only for first 5 kW) Systems larger than 10 kW up to 100 kW: $0.16/kWh Provider Black Hills Energy Black Hills Energy has a performance-based incentive (PBI) for photovoltaic (PV) systems up to 100 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. In exchange for these incentives, Black Hills Energy earns the right to the renewable energy credits (RECs) associated with the PV-generated electricity for a period of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Alcorn County Elec Power Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Assn Power Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name Alcorn County Elec Power Assn Place Mississippi Utility Id 276 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Service (1001 kW-5000 kW) Industrial General Service (50 kW and Under) Commercial General Service (51 kW-1000 kW) Industrial Outdoor Lighting HPS 100 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting HPS 250 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting MH 400 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting MV 175 W Lighting Residential Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.0959/kWh

182

Natchez Trace Elec Power Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Natchez Trace Elec Power Assn Natchez Trace Elec Power Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name Natchez Trace Elec Power Assn Place Mississippi Utility Id 13227 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Service (1001 kW-5000kW) Industrial General Service (50 kW and Under) Commercial General Service (51 kW-1000 kW) Commercial Outdoor Lighting HPS 100 W Lighting Outdoor Lighting HPS 100 W Dedicated Pole Lighting Outdoor Lighting HPS 100 W Dedicated Pole & Transformer Lighting Outdoor Lighting HPS 100 W Dedicated Transformer Lighting

183

EFFECT ON 105KW NORTH WALL DUE TO ADDITION OF FILTRATION SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

CHPRC D&D Projects is adding three filtration system on two 1-ft concrete pads adjacent to the north side of existing KW Basin building. This analysis is prepared to provide qualitative assessment based on the review of design information available for 105KW basin substructure. In the proposed heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) filtration pad designs a 2 ft gap will be maintained between the pads and the north end of the existing 1 05KW -Basin building. Filtration Skids No.2 and No.3 share one pad. It is conservative to evaluate the No.2 and No.3 skid pad for the wall assessment. Figure 1 shows the plan layout of the 105KW basin site and the location of the pads for the filtration system or HVAC skids. Figure 2 shows the cross-section elevation view of the pad. The concrete pad Drawing H-1-91482 directs the replacement of the existing 8-inch concrete pad with two new 1-ft think pads. The existing 8-inch pad is separated from the 105KW basin superstructure by an expansion joint of only half an inch. The concrete pad Drawing H-1-91482 shows the gap between the new proposed pads and the north wall and any overflow pits and sumps is 2-ft. Following analysis demonstrates that the newly added filtration units and their pads do not exceed the structural capacity of existing wall. The calculation shows that the total bending moment on the north wall due to newly added filtration units and pads including seismic load is 82.636 ft-kip/ft and is within the capacity of wall which is 139.0ft-kip/ft.

CHO CS

2010-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

184

NC GreenPower Production Incentive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NC GreenPower Production Incentive NC GreenPower Production Incentive NC GreenPower Production Incentive < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount Varies by technology and system size PV up to 5 kW: $0.06/kWh PV larger than 5 kW: must enter bid process Wind up to 10 kW: $0.09/kWh Wind larger than 10 kW: must enter bid process Provider NC GreenPower NC GreenPower, a statewide green power program designed to encourage the use of renewable energy in North Carolina, offers production payments for grid-tied electricity generated by solar, wind, small hydro (10 megawatts

185

Case Study B: Fuel Cell Power Train for Cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter reports the results of an experimental analysis on a 30kW fuel cell power train for city cars. The electric energy is generated by using a laboratory fuel cell system (FCS) based on a 20kW H2/air P...

Pasquale Corbo; Fortunato Migliardini

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

SaskPower Small Power Producers Program (Saskatchewan, Canada) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SaskPower Small Power Producers Program (Saskatchewan, Canada) SaskPower Small Power Producers Program (Saskatchewan, Canada) SaskPower Small Power Producers Program (Saskatchewan, Canada) < Back Eligibility Commercial Agricultural Industrial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Funding Source SaskPower State Saskatchewan Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Provider SaskPower The Small Power Producers Program accommodates customers who wish to generate up to 100 kilowatts (kW) of electricity for the purpose of offsetting power that would otherwise be purchased from SaskPower or for selling all of the power generated to SaskPower. At the beginning of the application process, you need to choose between one of two options: Sell all of the power you produce to SaskPower, or sell the

187

Bonneville Power to evaluate Hydra fuel cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oregon-based Hydra Fuel Cell Corporation is to deliver a beta unit of its proprietary HydraStax hydrogen PEM fuel cell to be tested by the Bonneville Power Administration, a major wholesale power producer in the Pacific Northwest of the US. The HydraStax technology is designed for fixed power applications up to 40 kW.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

An assessment of KW Basin radionuclide activity when opening SNF canisters  

SciTech Connect

N Reactor spent fuel is being stored in sealed canisters in the KW Basin. Some of the canisters contain damaged fuel elements. There is the potential for release of Cs 137, Kr 85, H3, and other fission products and transuranics (TRUs) when canisters are opened. Canister opening is required to select and transfer fuel elements to the 300 Area for examination as part of the Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Characterization program. This report estimates the amount of radionuclides that can be released from Mark II spent nuclear fuel (SNF) canisters in KW Basin when canisters are opened for SNF fuel sampling as part of the SNF Characterization Program. The report also assesses the dose consequences of the releases and steps that can be taken to reduce the impacts of these releases.

Bergmann, D.W. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Mollerus, F.J.; Wray, J.L. [Mollerus Engineering Corp., Los Gatos, CA (United States)

1995-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

189

MHK Projects/Evopod E35 35kW grid connected demonstrator | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

E35 35kW grid connected demonstrator E35 35kW grid connected demonstrator < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":55.3028,"lon":-5.59772,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

190

Pasadena Water and Power - Solar Power Installation Rebate | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pasadena Water and Power - Solar Power Installation Rebate Pasadena Water and Power - Solar Power Installation Rebate Pasadena Water and Power - Solar Power Installation Rebate < Back Eligibility Commercial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Systems up to 30 kW have the option of receiving an expected performance based buydown (EPBB) or a performance based incentive (PBI). Systems larger than 30 kW are only eligible for the PBI. EPBB (effective 6/1/12): Residential: $1.40/watt AC Commercial and all PPAs: $0.85/watt AC Non-profits and Government: $1.60/watt AC Income-qualified residential: $4.00/watt PBI (effective 6/1/12): Residential: $0.212/kWh Commercial and all PPAs: $0.129/kWh

191

System Description for the KW Basin Integrated Water Treatment System (IWTS) (70.3)  

SciTech Connect

This is a description of the system that collects and processes the sludge and radioactive ions released by the spent nuclear fuel (SNF) processing operations conducted in the 105 KW Basin. The system screens, settles, filters, and conditions the basin water for reuse. Sludge and most radioactive ions are removed before the water is distributed back to the basin pool. This system is part of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project (SNFP).

DERUSSEAU, R.R.

2000-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

192

Performance of the 1 kW thermoelectric generator for diesel engines  

SciTech Connect

Hi-Z Technology, Inc. (Hi-Z) has been developing a 1 kW thermoelectric generator for class eight Diesel truck engines under U.S. Department of Energy and California Energy Commission funding since 1992. The purpose of this generator is to replace the currently used shaft-driven alternator by converting part of the waste heat in the engine`s exhaust directly to electricity. The preliminary design of this generator was reported at the 1992 meeting of the XI-ICT in Arlington, Texas. This paper will report on the final mechanical, thermal and thermoelectric design of this generator. The generator uses seventy-two of Hi-Z`s 13 Watt bismuth-telluride thermoelectric modules for energy conversion. The number of modules and their arrangement has remained constant through the program. The 1 kW generator was tested on several engines during the development process. Many of the design features were changed during this development as more information was obtained. We have only recently reached our design goal of 1 kW output. The output parameters of the generator are reported. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

Bass, J.C.; Elsner, N.B.; Leavitt, F.A. [Hi-Z Technology, Inc (??)

1994-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

193

Oxyferryl Heme Reactivity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oxyferryl Heme Reactivity Using both Radiation and Photochemical Oxyferryl Heme Reactivity Using both Radiation and Photochemical Techniques A. M. English, T. Fox, G. Tsaprailis, C. W. Fenwick, J. F. Wishart, J. T. Hazzard, and G. Tollin Adv. Chem. Ser. 254, Ch. 6, pp. 81-98 Abstract: Flash photolysis and pulse radiolysis were used to generate reductants in situ to study the electron-transfer (ET) reactivity of the FeIV=O heme centers in myoglobin and cytochrome c peroxidase. Reduction of a5RuIII groups covalently bound to surface histidines allowed intramolecular RuII --> FeIV=O ET rates to be measured. Protonation of the oxene ligand was found to be largely rate determining in myoglobin, consistent with the lack of proton donors in its heme pocket. The large distance (21-23 Å) between surface histidines and the heme in wild-type

194

Reactivity of Acid Generators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reactivity of Acid Generators for Chemically Amplified Resists with Reactivity of Acid Generators for Chemically Amplified Resists with Low-Energy Electrons Atsuro Nakano, Takahiro Kozawa, Seiichi Tagawa, Tomasz Szreder, James F. Wishart, Toshiyuki Kai and Tsutomu Shimokawa Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 45, L197-L200 (2006). [Find paper at the Japanese Journal of Applied Physics] Abstract: In chemically amplified resists for ionizing radiations such as electron beams and extreme ultraviolet (EUV), low-energy electrons play an important role in the pattern formation processes. The reactivity of acid generators with low-energy electrons was evaluated using solvated electrons in tetrahydrofuran, which were generated by a pulsed electron beam. The rate constants of acid generators with the solvated electrons ranged from 0.6 to 1.9 x 1011 M-1s-1

195

Industrial Power Factor Analysis Guidebook.  

SciTech Connect

Power factor is a way of measuring the percentage of reactive power in an electrical system. Reactive power represents wasted energy--electricity that does no useful work because the electrical current is out of phase with the voltage. Reactive power is used by inductive loads (such as, motors, transformers, fluorescent lights, arc welders and induction furnaces) to sustain their magnetic fields. Electric systems with many motors exhibit low power factors, increased conductor and transformer losses, and lower voltages. Utilities must supply both active and reactive power and compensate for these losses. Power factor can be improved by the addition of shunt capacitors. Capacitors act in opposition to inductive loads, thereby minimizing the reactive power required to serve them. In raising the power factor, shunt capacitors release energy to the system, reduce system losses, and ultimately decrease power costs. Improving system power factor can reduce reactive and active power losses for both industry and utilities through the addition of shunt capacitors. This Guide Book gives electric utility technical staff, industrial end-users, consultants and BPA employees a step-by-step method for evaluating the cost effectiveness of installing power factor correction capacitors in an industrial plant.

Electrotek Concepts.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Fuel Cell Power Model Elucidates Life-Cycle Costs for Fuel Cell-Based Combined Heat, Hydrogen, and Power (CHHP) Production Systems (Fact Sheet), Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technical Highlights (HFCTH)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 * November 2010 3 * November 2010 Electricity Natural Gas Power Heat Natural Gas or Biogas Tri-Generation Fuel Cell Hydrogen Natural Gas Converted to hydrogen on site via steam-methane reforming electrolyzer peak burner heat sink FC SYSTEM + H 2 Renewables H 2 -FC H 2 -storage 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Electricity Demand (kW) Heat Demand (kW) Hydrogen Demand (kW) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Electricity Demand (kW) Heat Demand (kW) Hydrogen Demand (kW) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Electricity Demand (kW) Heat Demand (kW) Hydrogen Demand (kW) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Electricity Demand (kW) Heat Demand (kW) Hydrogen Demand (kW) * Grid electricity (hourly) * Fuel prices * Water price 0 2 4

197

NREL Small Wind Turbine Test Project: Mariah Power's Windspire Wind Turbine Test Chronology  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a chronology of tests conducted at NREL's National Wind Technology Center on Mariah Power's Windspire 1.2-kW wind turbine and a letter of response from Mariah Power.

Huskey, A.; Forsyth, T.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

A test case for implementing feedback control in a micro hydro power plant.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Micro-hydro turbines generate power for small villages and industries in Afghanistan. They usually produce less than 100 kW of power. Currently the flow into the (more)

Suliman, Ahmad

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

E-Print Network 3.0 - atr high-power mixed-oxide Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

75 A. R&D on a 50-kW, High-Efficiency, High-Power-Density, CO-Tolerant PEM Fuel Cell Stack System... of its high power density, quick start-up capability, and...

200

Study on 10 kVDC powered junction box for a cabled ocean observatory system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A cabled ocean observatory system that can provide abundant power and broad bandwidth communication for undersea instruments ... current (kVDC) with up to 10 kW power, along with 1 Gigabit/sec Ethernet communicat...

Yan-hu Chen ???; Can-jun Yang ???; De-jun Li ???; Bo Jin ? ?

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

FOURFOUR--QUADRANT POWER SUPPLIESQUADRANT POWER SUPPLIES FOR STEERING ELECTROMAGNETSFOR STEERING ELECTROMAGNETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOURFOUR--QUADRANT POWER SUPPLIESQUADRANT POWER SUPPLIES FOR STEERING ELECTROMAGNETSFOR STEERING-3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - DIPOLE CORRECTORS MULTI-POLE CORRECTORS W500P kW2P Cooling: Air Natural IUP = V100U,A6I V100U,A25I MPS-6 MPS-25 POWER STEERING MAGNETS #12;O. Belikov, RuPAC 2008, Zvenigorod, October 1 BINP SB RASBINP

Kozak, Victor R.

202

Kansas City Power & Light Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power & Light Co Power & Light Co (Redirected from KCP&L) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kansas City Power & Light Co Place Kansas Utility Id 10000 References Energy Information Administration.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Schedule LGS Large Secondary Service >1000kW Commercial Schedule LGS Large Secondary Service <1000kW Commercial Schedule LPS Large Power Service Industrial Schedule MGS Medium General Service Commercial Schedule R Residential Service Residential Schedule RTOD Residential Time of Day Service Residential Schedule SGS Small General Service >25kW Commercial Schedule SGS Small General Service <24kW Commercial

203

Florida Power and Light - Solar Rebate Program (Florida) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Florida Power and Light - Solar Rebate Program (Florida) Florida Power and Light - Solar Rebate Program (Florida) Florida Power and Light - Solar Rebate Program (Florida) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Water Heating Program Info State Florida Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Solar Water Heater (Residential): $1,000/system Solar Water Heater (Business): $30/1,000 BTUh per day Solar PV (Residential): $2/DC Watt Solar PV (Commercial): $2/DC Watt (Up to 10kW), $1.50/DC Watt (10kW - 25kW), $1/DC Watt (25kW or larger) Provider Customer Service Note:The Florida Power and Light (FPL) 2013 solar PV rebate program is fully subscribed and the limited "standby list" is full. Customers on the

204

Gasifier-based power generation: Technology and economics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper describes a 100 kW power generation system installed at Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, under a project sponsored by the Department of Non-Conventional Energy Sources, Government of India. The ...

B N Baliga; S Dasappa; U Shrinivasa; H S Mukunda

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Renewable Energy in China: Xiao Qing Dao Village Power Wind/Diesel Hybrid Pilot Project  

SciTech Connect

In 2000, DOE/NREL and the State Power Corporation of China (SPCC) developed a pilot project to electrify Xiao Qing Dao, a small island located in China's Yellow Sea. The project demonstrates the practicality of renewable energy systems for medium-scale, off-grid applications. It consists of four 10 k-W wind turbines connected to a 30-kW diesel generator, a 40-kW inverter and a battery bank.

Not Available

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Comparing rig power transmission systems  

SciTech Connect

Installed power on drilling rigs has increased steadily since the inception of rotary drilling technology as a result of technical advances and the need to penetrate deeper horizons. Higher power levels for the pumps, rotary table and drawworks are also required for drilling deep wells within an economically reasonable period. Power initially available on a rig had been about 35 kW on average, whereas power values on modern rigs drilling ultra-deep wells are on the order of several thousand kW. The installed power values on modern drilling rigs, subdivided with respect to depth range, are shown. After safety, economic factors are of paramount importance to rig operators. Among these, which include low acquisition cost, long service life and ease of maintenance, a particularly decisive factor is high efficiency.

Gutsche, W.; Noevig, T.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

West Penn Power Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West Penn Power Co West Penn Power Co Place Pennsylvania Utility Id 20387 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 10 (Residential Service) Residential 20 (General Service) Commercial 30 (General Power Service >500kW) Commercial 30 (General Power Service 100kW-500kW) Commercial Average Rates Residential: $0.0291/kWh Commercial: $0.0110/kWh Industrial: $0.0058/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a"

208

Comparison of Stirling engines for use with a 25-kW dish-electric conversion system  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's (DOE) Solar Thermal Technology Program, Sandia National Laboratories (SNLA), is evaluating heat engines for terrestrial solar distributed heat receivers. The Stirling engine has been identified by SNLA as one of the most promising engines for terrestrial applications. The potential to meet DOE's goals for performance and cost can be met by the free-piston Stirling engine. NASA Lewis is providing technical management for an Advanced Stirling Conversion System (ASCS) through a cooperative Interagency Agreement with DOE. Parallel contracts have been awarded to Mechanical Technology, Inc. (MIT) of Latham, New York, and Stirling Technology Company (STC) of Richland, Washington, for the conceptual designs of an ASCS. Each design will feature a free-piston Stirling engine, a liquid-metal heat pipe receiver, and a means to provide about 25 kW of electric power to a utility grid while meeting DOE's long-term performance and cost goals. The MTI design incorporates a linear alternator to directly convert the solar energy to electricity while STC generates electrical power indirectly by using a hydraulic output to a ground-based hydraulic pump/motor coupled to a rotating alternator. Both designs for the ASCS's will use technology which can reasonably be expected to be available in the 1980's. Both the MTI and STC concepts will be evaluated by the same, but independent, contractor to provide a manufacturing and cost analysis including life cycle cost. The ASCS designs using a free-piston Stirling engine, a heat transport system, a receiver, and the methods of providing electricity to the utility grid will be discussed.

Shaltens, R.K.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

RTDS-Based Design and Simulation of Distributed P-Q Power Resources in Smart Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a distribution substation," IEEE Trans. on Power Systems,power peak load shaving at substation, reactive power peakload shaving at iv substation, and voltage regulation. We

Taylor, Zachariah David

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Marcus Wallace, Bryan Wiggins, K.W. Hipps Department of Chemistry and Materials Science and Engineering Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marcus Wallace, Bryan Wiggins, K.W. Hipps Department of Chemistry and Materials Science purified by both solvent extraction and sublimation methods in order to yield a high purity product

Collins, Gary S.

211

Environmental and Performance Analysis of a 5kW Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine in East Central Alberta.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis investigates the environmental and performance results of a 5kW horizontal axis wind turbine installed in east-central Alberta. Life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology was (more)

Rooke, Braden

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Reactive Air Aluminization  

SciTech Connect

Ferritic stainless steels and other alloys are of great interest to SOFC developers for applications such as interconnects, cell frames, and balance of plant components. While these alloys offer significant advantages (e.g., low material and manufacturing cost, high thermal conductivity, and high temperature oxidation resistance), there are challenges which can hinder their utilization in SOFC systems; these challenges include Cr volatility and reactivity with glass seals. To overcome these challenges, protective coatings and surface treatments for the alloys are under development. In particular, aluminization of alloy surfaces offers the potential for mitigating both evaporation of Cr from the alloy surface and reaction of alloy constituents with glass seals. Commercial aluminization processes are available to SOFC developers, but they tend to be costly due to their use of exotic raw materials and/or processing conditions. As an alternative, PNNL has developed Reactive Air Aluminization (RAA), which offers a low-cost, simpler alternative to conventional aluminization methods.

Choi, Jung-Pyung; Chou, Y. S.; Stevenson, Jeffry W.

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

213

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 8, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 1993, PP. 1 8. POINT OF COLLAPSE AND CONTINUATION METHODS FOR LARGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HVDC transmission, area interchange power control, regulating transformers, and voltage and reactive

Cañizares, Claudio A.

214

High power laser perforating tools and systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

ystems devices and methods for the transmission of 1 kW or more of laser energy deep into the earth and for the suppression of associated nonlinear phenomena. Systems, devices and methods for the laser perforation of a borehole in the earth. These systems can deliver high power laser energy down a deep borehole, while maintaining the high power to perforate such boreholes.

Zediker, Mark S; Rinzler, Charles C; Faircloth, Brian O; Koblick, Yeshaya; Moxley, Joel F

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

215

Reactive Maintenance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reactive Maintenance Reactive Maintenance Reactive Maintenance October 7, 2013 - 9:40am Addthis Reactive maintenance follows a run-it-until-it-breaks strategy where no actions or efforts are taken to maintain equipment as intended by the manufacturer. Studies indicate this is still the predominant mode of maintenance for Federal facilities. Advantages Reactive maintenance advantages are a double-edged sword. Federal agencies following a purely reactive maintenance strategy can expect little expenditures for manpower or system upkeep until something breaks. However, systems do break. With new equipment, Federal agencies can expect minimal incidents of failure. However, older equipment often experiences higher failure incidents and costlier repairs. Other advantages of reactive maintenance are:

216

Kansas City Power & Light Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

City Power & Light Co City Power & Light Co Place Kansas Utility Id 10000 References Energy Information Administration.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Schedule LGS Large Secondary Service >1000kW Commercial Schedule LGS Large Secondary Service <1000kW Commercial Schedule LPS Large Power Service Industrial Schedule MGS Medium General Service Commercial Schedule R Residential Service Residential Schedule RTOD Residential Time of Day Service Residential Schedule SGS Small General Service >25kW Commercial Schedule SGS Small General Service <24kW Commercial Average Rates Residential: $0.0980/kWh Commercial: $0.0784/kWh

217

Chemically Reactive Working Fluids  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Capture and Transport of Concentrated Solar Thermal Energy for Power Generation Argonne National Laboratory Award Number: CPS25657 | April 15, 2013 | Brotzman * Thermodynamic and...

218

Ris-R-1480(EN) Stand-alone version of the 11kW Gaia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tested both as a stand- alone unit and in parallel with a diesel genset. For system wide power quality power is by diesel generator sets. These are cheap and robust and local people can often do the required or all the diesel power. The requirement is that the wind power system in many

219

Design of a 1 kW class gamma type Stirling engine  

SciTech Connect

The study for a design on a kinematic drive gamma type Stirling engine is reported. This unit enters in the 1kW class and it is conceived to move a portable electric generator. The peculiarity of this unit is basically to use components taken from the line production, and also for the parts designed specifically for this application all the efforts are directed to simplicity in terms of material and manufacture. At first the engine performance targets are defined in compatibility with the components taken from a large scale production compressor and then the new components like the heat exchangers and the crank mechanism are designed. Two pre-tests are effected: one to define the performances of the induction motor in the electric regenerative mode and another running the machine as a refrigerator.

Raggi, L.; Katsuta, Masafumi [Waseda Univ., Tokyo (Japan); Sekiya, Hiroshi [Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd., Gumma (Japan)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

220

Commercialization of a 2.5kW Utility Interactive Inverter for Distributed Generation  

SciTech Connect

Through this project, Advanced Energy Conversion (AEC) has developed, tested, refined and is preparing to commercialize a 2.5kW utility-interactive inverter system for distributed generation. The inverter technology embodies zero-voltage switching technology that will ultimately yield a system that is smaller, less expensive and more efficient than existing commercial technologies. This program has focused on commercial success through careful synthesis of technology, market-focus and business development. AEC was the primary participant. AEC is utilizing contract manufacturers in the early stages of production, allowing its technical staff to focus on quality control issues and product enhancements. The objective of this project was to bring the AEC inverter technology from its current pre-production state to a commercial product. Federal funds have been used to build and test production-intent inverters, support the implementation of the commercialization plan and bring the product to the point of UL certification.

Torrey, David A.

2006-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Comparison between the measured and calculated reactivity in measuring the effectiveness of the emergency protection at the stage of physical start-up of unit no. 3 at the Kalinin nuclear power plant  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents comparisons between the effectiveness of the emergency protection under both stationary and nonstationary formulations calculated with the use of the RADUGA-7.5 package and experimental data obtained in measuring the 'weight' of the emergency protection in the process of physical start-up of the VVER-1000 reactor of unit no. 3 of the Kalinin NPP. On the basis of the results obtained, recommendations are given on comparing the measured and calculated reactivity and parameters determined by using its value.

Kavun, O. Yu.; Popykin, A. I.; Shevchenko, R. A., E-mail: rshevchenko@secnrs.ru; Shevchenko, S. A. [Scientific and Engineering Center for Nuclear and Radiation Safety (Russian Federation)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

222

PowerPoint Presentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 HINS R&D: a possible Project X Front End Frequency 325 MHz Total length ~ 55 m SSR1 (β=0.22) SSR2 (β=0.4) RT -CHSR MEBT RFQ IS W (MeV) 2.5 0.050 60 30 10 Beam Line Elements: 19 Conventional RT Cavities 29 SC Spoke Cavities and 3 Cryomodules 42 SC Focusing Solenoids RF Power Elements: one 325 MHz Klystron/Modulator one 400 kW RFQ FVM 19 ~20 kW FVM/Fast Tuning for RT Section 29 ~20-120 kW FVM/Fast Tuning for SC Section Power Supplies, quench protection, beam diagnostic,.. Fermilab 2 * HINS R&D Phase: Proof of innovative approach to high intensity beam acceleration ! - 2007-2011/12 R&D period - Prove, Develop & Bui ld Front-End in Meson Bldg. at 325 MHz (0-60 MeV) since much of the technical complexity is in the FE Mechanical/RF Systems * Demonstrate for the first time

223

PEMFC Power System on EthanolPEMFC Power System on Ethanol Caterpillar Inc.Caterpillar Inc.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PEMFC Power System on EthanolPEMFC Power System on Ethanol Caterpillar Inc.Caterpillar Inc. Thomas J. RichardsThomas J. Richards #12;PEM ETHANOL FUEL CELL DOE Hydrogen & Fuel Cells 2003 Annual Merit Review 21 May 2003 #12;PEM ETHANOL FUEL CELL In 2003, a 10-15 kW stationary PEM fuel cell system

224

Electrical Power from the Wind - The First Attempts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large-scale utilisation of electricity started with the construction of the first power plants. The worlds first power plants were built in New York with a power output of about 500 kW (in 1882) and in Berlin...

Erich Hau

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Green Power Network: News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News News TVA Seeks 126 MW of Renewables in 2014 December 2013 More News More News Subscribe to E-Mail Update Subscribe to e-mail update Events EPA Webinar - The Power of Aggregated Purchasing: How to Green Your Electricity Supply & Save Money January 15, 2014 1:00-2:00 p.m. ET Previous Webinars More News Features Green Power Market Status Report (2011 Data) Featured Green Power Reports News Archive Subscribe to Green Power News TVA Seeks 126 MW of Renewables in 2014 The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) is increasing the capacity of its renewable energy power purchase programs by 7 peercent over 2013, with a total capacity of 126 megawatts (MW) being offered. The increase in capacity is being spread across two of TVA's three power purchase programs - Green Power Providers, Solar Solutions Initiative, and the Renewable Standard Offer. The Green Power Providers program has 10 MW of available capacity for the development of small-scale solar, wind, biomass and hydro generation systems that are 50 kilowatts (kW) or less. Within the Green Power Providers program TVA has doubled the residential capacity from 2 MW to 4 MW and will be paying all power providers a total of 14¢ per kilowatt-hour (kWh). The Solar Solutions Initiative program, which focuses on installations between 50 kW and 1 MW, has been expanded from 10 MW of capacity to 16 MW and now pays a premium of 6¢/kWh. TVA's third power purchase program, the Renewable Standard Offer continues to have 100 MW of available capacity for projects between 1 MW and 20 MW. Prior to these program expansions TVA's renewables portfolio consisted of 128 MW of operating or committed solar, 1,500 MW of wind, and 60 MW of biomass.

226

A Guidebook on Grid Interconnection and Islanded Operation of Mini-Grid Power Systems Up to 200 kW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems, such as ponds for micro-hydro systems or stockpilescontinued to rely on the micro-hydro system. This madeif the water flow to a micro-hydro generator is interrupted.

Greacen, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

A Guidebook on Grid Interconnection and Islanded Operation of Mini-Grid Power Systems Up to 200 kW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Electro-MechanicalGrid Connection Equipment and Technology Best Practice andand renewable energy technologies; provides training for

Greacen, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

A Guidebook on Grid Interconnection and Islanded Operation of Mini-Grid Power Systems Up to 200 kW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

grid connection of PV hybrid mini-grids. IEA PVPS Task 11,Program (ESMAP), Mini-Grid Design Manual, Technical Paperhttp://www.riaed.net/IMG/pdf/Mini- Grid_Design_Manual-2.pdf

Greacen, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

A Guidebook on Grid Interconnection and Islanded Operation of Mini-Grid Power Systems Up to 200 kW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an isolated mini-grid, the renewable electricity generatorof an isolated mini-grid the renewable electricity generatoran isolated mini-grid, the renewable electricity generator

Greacen, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

A Guidebook on Grid Interconnection and Islanded Operation of Mini-Grid Power Systems Up to 200 kW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kenya began offering feed-in tariffs to encourage renewabletheir guaranteed feed-in tariff as if they were still on-

Greacen, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

A Guidebook on Grid Interconnection and Islanded Operation of Mini-Grid Power Systems Up to 200 kW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tree, with connection to a single substation bus. Most ruralhave connections to multiple substation buses and are morebreakers at the utility substation may be forced to trip,

Greacen, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

A Guidebook on Grid Interconnection and Islanded Operation of Mini-Grid Power Systems Up to 200 kW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3.pdf J.B. Ekanayake, Induction generators for small hydroworldwide) IGC: induction generator controller Induction (ora grid connection, an induction generators output frequency

Greacen, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

A Guidebook on Grid Interconnection and Islanded Operation of Mini-Grid Power Systems Up to 200 kW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar-scheme Energy Services Delivery/Renewable Energy for Rural Economic Development Projects (Energy Corporation, which managed the solar project, [t]heSolar and LED Energy Access Program (SLED). For more information on the SLED project,

Greacen, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Design and implementation of a 6 kW wind powered water heater controller with PI control.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In our quest to use more renewable energy to reduce our dependence on non-renewable fuels man has been harnessing wind, solar and hydro energy for (more)

Lutchman, Ritesh

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

A Guidebook on Grid Interconnection and Islanded Operation of Mini-Grid Power Systems Up to 200 kW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratories, SEL-547 Distributed Generator Interconnectiona grid-connected distributed generator often depends on themay ask the distributed generator to regulate voltage.

Greacen, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

A Guidebook on Grid Interconnection and Islanded Operation of Mini-Grid Power Systems Up to 200 kW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nehru National Solar Mission: Phase II Policy Document. Solar Friendly Communities Permitting, Interconnection, and Net Metering: An Overview of Model Standards and PolicySolar ABCs) funded by the USA Department of Energy, pushes for reform and national standardization on interconnection policy.

Greacen, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

A Guidebook on Grid Interconnection and Islanded Operation of Mini-Grid Power Systems Up to 200 kW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

among developing countries in renewable energy development,developing countries, regulators have established renewable/distributed energydeveloping countries, regulators have established renewable/distributed energy

Greacen, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Centralized wind power plant voltage control with optimal power flow algorithm.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a method of controlling the reactive power injected into a medium-voltage collection system by multiple wind turbine generators such that the voltage (more)

Kline, Jared Andrew

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Plugless Level 2 EV Charging System (3.3 kW) by Evatran Group...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

System Electricity Generation Electricity Distribution Electricity Step Down Transformer Commercial Residential Wiring & Receptacle PLUGLESS TM Control Panel Power...

240

Federal Energy Management Program: Reactive Maintenance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reactive Reactive Maintenance to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Reactive Maintenance on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Reactive Maintenance on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Reactive Maintenance on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Reactive Maintenance on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Reactive Maintenance on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Reactive Maintenance on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance Federal Requirements Program Management Commissioning Metering Computerized Maintenance Management Systems Maintenance Types Reactive Preventive Predictive Reliability-Centered Major Equipment Types

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

PQMII POWER QUALITY METER INSTRUCTION MANUAL 11 PQMII Power Quality Meter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;#12;#12;PQMII POWER QUALITY METER ­ INSTRUCTION MANUAL 1­1 PQMII Power Quality Meter Chapter 1 Multilin PQMII Power Quality Meter is an ideal choice for continuous monitoring of a single or three-phase system. It provides metering for current, voltage, real power, reactive power, apparent power, energy use

Meyers, Steven D.

242

Compatibility Analysis on Existing Reactivity Devices in CANDU 6 Reactors for DUPIC Fuel Cycle  

SciTech Connect

The performance of reactivity devices for a Canada deuterium uranium (CANDU) 6 reactor loaded with Direct Use of Spent Pressurized Water Reactor Fuel In CANDU reactors (DUPIC) fuel is assessed. The reactivity devices studied are the zone controller units, the adjuster rods, and the mechanical control absorbers. For the zone controller system, the bulk reactivity control, spatial power control, and damping capability for spatial oscillation are investigated. For the adjusters, the xenon override, restart after a poison-out, shim operation, and power step-back capabilities are confirmed. The mechanical control absorber is assessed for the function of compensating temperature reactivity feedback following a power reduction. This study shows that the current reactivity device system of a CANDU 6 reactor is compatible with DUPIC fuel for normal and transient operations.

Jeong, Chang-Joon; Choi, Hangbok [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (Korea, Republic of)

2000-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

243

TY JOUR T1 Life Cycle Assessment of Electric Power Systems JF Annual Review of Environment and Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Life Cycle Assessment of Electric Power Systems Life Cycle Assessment of Electric Power Systems JF Annual Review of Environment and Resources A1 Eric R Masanet A1 Yuan Chang A1 Anand R Gopal A1 Peter H Larsen A1 William R Morrow A1 Roger Sathre A1 Arman Shehabi A1 Pei Zhai KW electricity KW energy policy KW environmental analysis KW life cycle impact KW life cycle inventory AB p The application of life cycle assessment LCA to electric power EP technologies is a vibrant research pursuit that is likely to continue as the world seeks ways to meet growing electricity demand with reduced environmental and human health impacts While LCA is an evolving methodology with a number of barriers and challenges to its effective use LCA studies to date have clearly improved our understanding of the life cycle energy

244

Resilient Intrusion Tolerance through Proactive and Reactive Recovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

system's correct operation. We design a proactive- reactive recovery service based on a hybrid the resilience of an intrusion-tolerant firewall adequate for the protection of critical infrastructures infras- tructures like the Power grid. One approach that promises to satisfy this requirement

Neves, Nuno

245

FLOATING PRESSURE CONVERSION AND EQUIPMENT UPGRADES OF TWO 3.5KW, 20K, HELIUM REFRIGERATORS  

SciTech Connect

Two helium refrigerators, each rated for 3.5 KW at 20 K, are used at NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC) in Building No. 32 to provide cryogenic-pumping within two large thermal-vacuum chambers. These refrigerators were originally commissioned in 1996. New changes to the controls of these refrigerators were recently completed. This paper describes some of the control issues that necessitated the controls change-over. It will describe the modifications and the new process control which allows the refrigerators to take advantage of the Ganni Cycle floating pressure control technology. The controls philosophy change-over to the floating pressure control technology was the first application on a helium gas refrigeration system. Previous implementations of the floating pressure technology have been on 4 K liquefaction and refrigeration systems, which have stored liquid helium volumes that have level indications used for varying the pressure levels (charge) in the system for capacity modulation. The upgrades have greatly improved the performance, stability, and efficiency of these two refrigerators. The upgrades have also given the operators more information and details about the operational status of the main components (compressors, expanders etc.) of the refrigerators at all operating conditions (i.e. at various loads in the vacuum chambers). The performance data of the two systems, pre and post upgrading are presented.

J. Homan, V. Ganni, A. Sidi-Yekhlef, J. Creel, R. Norton, R. Linza, G. Vargas, J. Lauterbach, J. Urbin, D. Howe

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Dynamic simulation of 10 kW Brayton cryocooler for HTS cable  

SciTech Connect

Dynamic simulation of a Brayton cryocooler is presented as a partial effort of a Korean governmental project to develop 1?3 km HTS cable systems at transmission level in Jeju Island. Thermodynamic design of a 10 kW Brayton cryocooler was completed, and a prototype construction is underway with a basis of steady-state operation. This study is the next step to investigate the transient behavior of cryocooler for two purposes. The first is to simulate and design the cool-down process after scheduled or unscheduled stoppage. The second is to predict the transient behavior following the variation of external conditions such as cryogenic load or outdoor temperature. The detailed specifications of key components, including plate-fin heat exchangers and cryogenic turbo-expanders are incorporated into a commercial software (Aspen HYSYS) to estimate the temporal change of temperature and flow rate over the cryocooler. An initial cool-down scenario and some examples on daily variation of cryocooler are presented and discussed, aiming at stable control schemes of a long cable system.

Chang, Ho-Myung; Park, Chan Woo [Hong Ik University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Seoul, 121-791 (Korea, Republic of); Yang, Hyung Suk; Hwang, Si Dole [KEPCO Research Institute, Daejeon, 305-760 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

247

Design and Operation of a 4kW Linear Motor Driven Pulse Tube Cryocooler  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 4 kW electrical input Linear Motor driven pulse tube cryocooler has successfully been designed built and tested. The optimum operation frequency is 60 Hz with a design refrigeration of >200 W at 80 K. The design exercise involved modeling and optimization in DeltaE software. Load matching between the cold head and linear motor was achieved by careful sizing of the transfer tube. The cryocooler makes use of a dual orifice inertance network and a single compliance tank for phase optimization and streaming suppression in the pulse tube. The in?line cold head design is modular in structure for convenient change?out and re?assembly of various components. The Regenerator consists of layers of two different grades of wire?mesh. The Linear motor is a clearance seal dual opposed piston design from CFIC Inc. Initial results have demonstrated the refrigeration target of 200 W by liquefying Nitrogen from an ambient temperature and pressure. Overall Carnot efficiencies of 13% have been achieved and efforts to further improve efficiencies are underway. Linear motor efficiencies up to 84% have been observed.

J. H. Zia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Dynamic simulation of 10 kW Brayton cryocooler for HTS cable  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dynamic simulation of a Brayton cryocooler is presented as a partial effort of a Korean governmental project to develop 1?3 km HTS cable systems at transmission level in Jeju Island. Thermodynamic design of a 10 kW Brayton cryocooler was completed and a prototype construction is underway with a basis of steady-state operation. This study is the next step to investigate the transient behavior of cryocooler for two purposes. The first is to simulate and design the cool-down process after scheduled or unscheduled stoppage. The second is to predict the transient behavior following the variation of external conditions such as cryogenic load or outdoor temperature. The detailed specifications of key components including plate-fin heat exchangers and cryogenic turbo-expanders are incorporated into a commercial software (Aspen HYSYS) to estimate the temporal change of temperature and flow rate over the cryocooler. An initial cool-down scenario and some examples on daily variation of cryocooler are presented and discussed aiming at stable control schemes of a long cable system.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Rocky Mountain Power - Solar Incentive Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rocky Mountain Power - Solar Incentive Program Rocky Mountain Power - Solar Incentive Program Rocky Mountain Power - Solar Incentive Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate Residential: $5,000 Small Non-Residential (up to 25 kW): $25,000 Large Non-Residential (greater than 25 kW, up to 1,000 kW): $800,000 Program Info Funding Source Rate-payer funds Start Date 9/1/2007 Expiration Date 12/31/2017 State Utah Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Program Year 2012/2013 (application period is closed): Residential: $1.25/W-AC Small Non-Residential (up to 25 kW): $1.00/W-AC Large Non-Residential (greater than 25 kW, up to 1,000 kW): $0.80/W-AC '''''Note: Applications for 2013 were accepted during a two-week period

250

160,000-r/min, 2.7-kW Electric Drive of Supercharger for Automobiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

160,000-r/min, 2.7-kW Electric Drive of Supercharger for Automobiles Toshihiko Noguchi, Senior synchronous motor drive for a supercharger of an automobile internal combustion engine. Conventional implementation in automobiles. In order to overcome the problems to achieve the above goals, a guideline

Fujimoto, Hiroshi

251

A 100 kW three-phase plasma torch for low LHV fuel valorisation and other applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with graphite electrodes is detailed. This plasma torch is working with atmospheric air as plasma gas and hasA 100 kW three-phase plasma torch for low LHV fuel valorisation and other applications S. TAKALI, F. Another alternative consists in plasma torches and in particular those with three phase current supply

252

Design of a 2.5kW Low Temperature Stirling Engine for Distributed Solar Thermal Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design of a 2.5kW Low Temperature Stirling Engine for Distributed Solar Thermal Generation Mike He on the design of a Stirling engine for distributed solar thermal ap- plications. In particular, we design renewable energy applications. A key advantage of a solar thermal system is that they can incorporate

Sanders, Seth

253

Metal-based reactive nanomaterials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent developments in materials processing and characterization resulted in the discovery of a new type of reactive materials containing nanoscaled metal components. The well-known high oxidation energies of metallic fuels can now be released very rapidly because of the very high reactive interface areas in such metal-based reactive nanomaterials. Consequently, these materials are currently being examined for an entire range of applications in energetic formulations inappropriate for conventional, micron-sized metal fuels having relatively low reaction rates. New application areas, such as reactive structural materials, are also being explored. Research remains active in manufacturing and characterization of metal-based reactive nanomaterials including elemental metal nanopowders and various nanocomposite material systems. Because of the nanometer scale of the individual particles, or phase domains, and because of the very high enthalpy of reaction between components of the nanocomposite materials, the final phase compositions, morphology, and thermodynamic properties of the reactive nanocomposite materials may be different from those of their micron-scaled counterparts. Ignition mechanisms in such materials can be governed by heterogeneous reactions that are insignificant for materials with less developed reactive interface areas. New combustion regimes are being observed that are affected by very short ignition delays combined with very high metal combustion temperatures. Current progress in this rapidly growing research area is reviewed and some potential directions for the future research are discussed.

Edward L. Dreizin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Photovoltaics in the Context of off-Grid Small Power Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The subject area is defined as:- stand alone, off-grid continuous power systems up to 20 kW. The paper focuses on the practical criteria which determine cost/effectiveness to the user in different applicatio...

A. Gabriel; A. W. de Ruyter Van Steveninck

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

PowerPoint Presentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electrochemical Membrane for CO 2 Capture and Power Generation DE-FE0007634 Hossein Ghezel-Ayagh FuelCell Energy, Inc. 2013 NETL CO 2 Capture Technology Meeting July 10, 2013 Pittsburgh, PA FuelCell Energy, Inc. 1.4 MW plant at a municipal building 2.4 MW plant owned by an Independent power producer 600 kW plant at a food processor 11.2 MW plant - largest fuel cell park in the world Delivering ultra-clean baseload distributed generation globally Premier developer of stationary fuel cell products, with >40 years of experience Headquarters in Danbury, CT (USA), international presence in USA, Canada, Germany (Fraunhofer, IKTS) and South Korea (Posco) Delivering Direct FuelCell ® (DFC ® ) power plants for On-Site Power and Utility Grid

256

Electrocatalytic Reactivity for Oxygen Reduction of Palladium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reactivity for Oxygen Reduction of Palladium-Modified Carbon Nanotubes Synthesized in Supercritical Fluid. Electrocatalytic Reactivity for Oxygen Reduction of Palladium-Modified...

257

Formation, characterization and reactivity of adsorbed oxygen...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Formation, characterization and reactivity of adsorbed oxygen on BaOPt(111). Formation, characterization and reactivity of adsorbed oxygen on BaOPt(111). Abstract: The formation...

258

Tombigbee Electric Power Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Assn Power Assn Place Mississippi Utility Id 19007 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Power - Commercial - GSA-2 (51 - 1000 KW) Commercial General Power - Commercial GSA-1 (less than 50 KW) Commercial General Power - Commercial GSA-3 Commercial Outdoor Lighting - 100 HPS Lighting Outdoor Lighting - 175 MV Lighting Outdoor Lighting - 250 HPS Cobrahead Lighting Outdoor Lighting - 400 HPS Cobrahead Lighting Outdoor Lighting - 400 Watt Flood Lighting Residential Residential

259

Modelling and Simulation of a 3kW Residential Photovoltaic for Harmonics Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Growing concern for environmental issues and advancement in power electronic technology resulted in fast development of energy production using renewable energy resources (RES). These natural resources play an important role on power system generation ... Keywords: renewable energy resources, photovoltaic, inverter, harmonics, THD

Muhyaddin J. H. Rawa; Dave W. P. Thomas; Mark Sumner

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

COAL SLAGGING AND REACTIVITY TESTING  

SciTech Connect

Union Fenosa's La Robla I Power Station is a 270-MW Foster Wheeler arch-fired system. The unit is located at the mine that provides a portion of the semianthracitic coal. The remaining coals used are from South Africa, Russia, Australia, and China. The challenges at the La Robla I Station stem from the various fuels used, the characteristics of which differ from the design coal. The University of North Dakota Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) and the Lehigh University Energy Research Center (LUERC) undertook a program to assess problematic slagging and unburned carbon issues occurring at the plant. Full-scale combustion tests were performed under baseline conditions, with elevated oxygen level and with redistribution of air during a site visit at the plant. During these tests, operating information, observations and temperature measurements, and coal, slag deposit, and fly ash samples were obtained to assess slagging and unburned carbon. The slagging in almost all cases appeared due to elevated temperatures rather than fuel chemistry. The most severe slagging occurred when the temperature at the sampling port was in excess of 1500 C, with problematic slagging where first-observed temperatures exceeded 1350 C. The presence of anorthite crystals in the bulk of the deposits analyzed indicates that the temperatures were in excess of 1350 C, consistent with temperature measurements during the sampling period. Elevated temperatures and ''hot spots'' are probably the result of poor mill performance, and a poor distribution of the coal from the mills to the specific burners causes elevated temperatures in the regions where the slag samples were extracted. A contributing cause appeared to be poor combustion air mixing and heating, resulting in oxygen stratification and increased temperatures in certain areas. Air preheater plugging was observed and reduces the temperature of the air in the windbox, which leads to poor combustion conditions, resulting in unburned carbon as well as slagging. A second phase of the project involved advanced analysis of the baseline coal along with an Australian coal fired at the plant. These analysis results were used in equilibrium thermodynamic modeling along with a coal quality model developed by the EERC to assess slagging, fouling, and opacity for the coals. Bench-scale carbon conversion testing was performed in a drop-tube furnace to assess the reactivity of the coals. The Australian coal had a higher mineral content with significantly more clay minerals present than the baseline coal. The presence of these clay minerals, which tend to melt at relatively low temperatures, indicated a higher potential for problematic slagging than the baseline coal. However, the pyritic minerals, comprising over 25% of the baseline mineral content, may form sticky iron sulfides, leading to severe slagging in the burner region if local areas with reducing conditions exist. Modeling results indicated that neither would present significant fouling problems. The Australian coal was expected to show slagging behavior much more severe than the baseline coal except at very high furnace temperatures. However, the baseline coal was predicted to exhibit opacity problems, as well as have a higher potential for problematic calcium sulfate-based low-temperature fouling. The baseline coal had a somewhat higher reactivity than the Australian coal, which was consistent with both the lower average activation energy for the baseline coal and the greater carbon conversion at a given temperature and residence time. The activation energy of the baseline coal showed some effect of oxygen on the activation energy, with E{sub a} increasing at the lower oxygen concentration, but may be due to the scatter in the baseline coal kinetic values at the higher oxygen level tested.

Donald P. McCollor; Kurt E. Eylands; Jason D. Laumb

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Utilising HVDC to damp power oscillations  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, damping of slow oscillations with active and reactive power modulation of HVDC-links is analyzed with the aim of gaining a physical insight into the problem. The analysis shows that active power modulation is efficient when applied to a short mass-scaled electrical distance from one of the swinging machines, and reactive power modulation is most efficient when there exists a well-defined power flow direction and the modulation is made at a point close to the electrical midpoint between the swinging machines. It is shown that the intuitively appealing feedback signals frequency and derivative of the voltage are appropriate for active and reactive power modulation, respectively. The impact of the constraints imposed by the HVDC equations are analyzed, and it is determined when the implicit reactive power modulation resulting from constant [gamma] control may be detrimental for the damping.

Smed, T.; Andersson, G. (Royal Inst. of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden). Dept. of Electric Power Systems)

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Fuel Cells for Critical Communications Backup Power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cells for Critical Cells for Critical Communications Backup Power Greg Moreland SENTECH, Inc. Supporting the U.S. Department of Energy August 6, 2008 APCO Annual Conference and Expo 2 2 Fuel cells use hydrogen to create electricity, with only water and heat as byproducts Fuel Cell Overview * An individual fuel cell produces about 1 volt * Hundreds of individual cells can comprise a fuel cell stack * Fuel cells can be used to power a variety of applications -Bibliographic Database * Laptop computers (50-100 W) * Distributed energy stationary systems (5-250 kW) * Passenger vehicles (80-150 kW) * Central power generators (1-200 MW) 3 3 Stationary/ Backup Power Transportation Specialty Markets Nuclear Natural Gas (for transition period only) Coal (with carbon sequestration) Renewable

263

Dayton Power and Light - Business and Government Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dayton Power and Light - Business and Government Energy Efficiency Dayton Power and Light - Business and Government Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Dayton Power and Light - Business and Government Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Manufacturing Other Construction Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Program Info State Ohio Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom Lighting: $0.05/kWh saved + $50/kW saved Custom Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning: $0.10/kWh saved + $100/kW saved Custom Other: $0.08/kWh saved + $100/kW saved New Construction Rebates: Custom

264

PowerPoint Presentation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Market Monitoring Market Monitoring Tools Bernie Lesieutre - LBNL Bob Thomas - Cornell October 18, 2006 Washington, D.C. OE Visualization and Controls Peer Review Market Monitoring Tools: Overview Approach: Use dispatch, profit, revenue/offer price, withholding sensitivities to identify opportunities for local advantage that give some participants market power potential. 2006 Technical Work: Extend prior results to large, RTO-scale systems. Initiate large-scale analysis with RTO (PJM). Evaluate reactive power effects on energy markets. Publication and presentation of results. Market Power: Substitutability Market power boils down to the issue of substitutability Locational Advantage: "Load Pockets" Physical network constraints limit supply to certain loads, so that the incremental demand

265

Fast neutron thermionic-converters for high-power space nuclear power systems. [Na; K  

SciTech Connect

The results of tests with a thermionic reactor-converter utilizing fast neutrons and a high temperature cooling system are described. The reactor can be useful for a wide range of applications with a specific mass of about 20 kg/kW and power level of 2500 kW. (AIP)

Pupko, V.Y.; Vizgalov, A.V.; Raskach, F.P.; Shestjorkin, A.G.; Almambetov, A.K. (Obninsk, Kaluga region, USSR (SU)); Bystrov, P.I.; Yuditsky, V.D.; Sobolev, Y.A.; Sinyavsky, V.V.; Bakanov, Y.A.; Lipovy, N.M. (SIA Energiya'', Kaliningrad, Moscow (USSR)); Gryaznov, G.M.; Serbin, V.I.; Trykhanov, Y.L. (SIA Krasnaya Zvezda'', Moscow (USSR))

1991-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

266

Studies on the Matching Network of the High Power Radio Frequency Transmitter for the NBI RF Ion Source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A radio frequency (RF) driven ion source has been developed at ASIPP (Institute of Plasma Physics, CAS) for the neutral beam injector with a 1MHz, 25kW RF power supply system. The paper describes the studies pe...

Renxue Su; Zhimin Liu; Yahong Xie; Yuqian Chen; Yuming Gu

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

A high-frequency reverse switch-on dynistor generator for high-power induction heating systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A generator of high-frequency harmonic oscillations connected as a multicell serial inverter with recuperation diodes is described. Maximum power is 50 kW, operating frequency is 50 kHz, overall dimensions are...

I. V. Grekhov; A. K. Kozlov; S. V. Korotkov

268

The Mercury Project: A High Average Power, Gas-Cooled Laser with Frequency Conversion and Wavefront Correction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Mercury laser operated continuously for several hours at 55J and 10Hz with fourteen 4x6cm2 Yb:S-FAP amplifier slabs pumped by eight 100kW diode arrays. Average power frequency...

Bayramian, Andy J

269

Power Electronics and Thermal Management Breakout Session  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

POWER ELECTRONICS AND POWER ELECTRONICS AND THERMAL MANAGEMENT BREAKOUT SESSION July 24, 2012 EV Everywhere Grand Challenge Burak Ozpineci Oak Ridge National Laboratory Facilitator Vehicle Technologies Program - Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Motors eere.energy.gov Key DOE Technical Targets Power Electronics ($/kW) (kW/kg) (kW/l) 7.9 10.8 8.7 7 11.2 10 5 12 12 3.3 14.1 13.4 Electric Motors ($/kW) (kW/kg) (kW/l) 11.1 1.2 3.7 10 1.24 4 7 1.3 5 4.7 1.6 5.7 Traction Drive System Impacts  Reduce Cost Reduce Weight Reduce Volume Reduce Energy Storage Requirements Year Cost ($/kW) Specific Power (kW/kg) Power Density (kW/l) Efficiency 2010* 19 1.08 2.60 >90% 2012 17 1.12 2.86 >91% 2015 12 1.17 3.53 >93% 2020 8 1.44 4.00 >94%

270

East Kentucky Power Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kentucky Power Coop, Inc Kentucky Power Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name East Kentucky Power Coop, Inc Place Kentucky Utility Id 5580 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO Other Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Cogeneration and Small Power Production Power Purchase Rate Schedule,Less Than 100 kW Cogeneration and Small Power Production Power Purchase Rate Schedule,over 100 kW Section A

271

Testing Performance of 10 kW BLDC Motor and LiFePO4 Battery on ITB-1 Electric Car Prototype  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The growing development of Electric vehicle industry due to more greener transportation needs, encouraging ITB as a research based educational institution to give their effort and participation in developing electric city car prototype, especially for Indonesia used. Two fundamental components in the electric car are the electric motor and its energy storage system. The motor used in this ITB-1electric car is brushless dc (BLDC) motor type. A controller will be used to convert the dc source into ac for BLDC motor power source. How far an electric car can reach their destination depends on how much energy that is stored in the batteries. This electrical energy storage will affect performance of the electric car. Therefore we have to protect the battery from anything that can make the battery's life shorter. Voltage is one of the parameters that must be controlled by the battery management system, so that the battery can be protected effectively. In this paper, a10kW BLDC motor and its energy storagei.e LiFePO4 battery types, will be evaluated based on their performance result from the tests.

Agus Purwadi; Jimmy Dozeno; Nana Heryana

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Triclosan Reactivity in Chloraminated Waters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Triclosan Reactivity in Chloraminated Waters ... Triclosan, widely employed as an antimicrobial additive in many household personal care products, has recently been detected in wastewater treatment plant effluents and in source waters used for drinking water supplies. ... Chloramines used either as alternative disinfectants in drinking water treatment or formed during chlorination of nonnitrified wastewater effluents have the potential to react with triclosan. ...

Aimee E. Greyshock; Peter J. Vikesland

2006-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

273

Living on PV power in comfort and style  

SciTech Connect

The Solectrogen House near San Francisco was conceived, designed and built by Solar Depot as an off-grid renewable energy house. It is powered by a Solectrogen Hybrid Power System consisting of a 3 kW PV array, two 1 kW wind powered generators, a 50 kWh storage battery bank and a 6.5 kW LP-fueled engine generator for back-up. Two 4kW sinewave DC to AC inverters are utilized, with 24 VDC input and 120/240 VAC 60 Hz output. The inverters are equipped with built-in battery chargers and microprocessors for controlling the engine generator operation. The water supply of the house is a well pumped by a PV powered submersible DC pump. The swimming pool filtration system utilizes a 3/4 HP DC pump powered by a separate dedicated PV array of 640 Watts at 90 V. Energy efficient lighting and refrigeration used in the house minimize the power requirements of the house. The house also utilizes a solar thermal system consisting of 640 sq. ft. of glazed solar collectors and a 500 gallon storage tank. The thermal system is utilized for heating water year round, for space heating in the winter and for swimming pool heating in the summer.

Mizany, A. [Solar Depot Inc., San Rafael, CA (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

274

Var Coordinated Control of DFIG Impact on Small Signal Stability of Power System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The wind farm based on Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) is built. Not only it can be as active power source to provide active power to network, but also as reactive power source to stabilize voltage or supply Var compensation (reactive power absorbed ... Keywords: Doubly Fed Induction Generator, Var coordinated control, low-frequency oscillation, small signal stability

Lei Wang; Hongjie Jia

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Fuel Cells for Portable Power Workshop Proceedings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fuel Cells for Portable Power Fuel Cells for Portable Power JoAnn Milliken Office of Transportation Technologies Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 202-586-2480 JoAnn.Milliken@ee.doe.gov January 15-17, 2002 Phoenix, AZ Presentation Outline * Why are we here? * DOE Transportation Fuel Cell Program * Workshop Objectives * Guidelines for Workshop Product * What have past DOE workshops achieved? Why are we here? Goal 300 10,000 Cost in $/kW 50kW system Today's low volume cost (1 unit) 2002 2010 Gasoline System Cost 50 Today's high volume cost (500,000 units) 1990 3,000 Government: Cost - the primary barrier to commercialization of PEMFCs for automobiles Industry: Business plans include fuel cells or fuel cell powered products

276

Electric Power Interruption Cost Estimates for Individual Industries, Sectors, and the U.S. Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Lehtonen et at. 1995) Finland 1992 1993 Industrial- US$15.79/kW - I-Hour Interruption Commercial - US$17.86/kW - I-Hour Interruption Residential- US$3.16/kW - I-Hour Interruption Lehtonen and Lemstroem (Lehtonen et al. 1995) Iceland 1992 1993.... VTT Energy. Jyvaskyla, Finland. (1995). 9. New York City Office of Economic Development. Statistical Profile of Emergency Aid Corrunission Applications. New York, New York. (1977). 10. Ontario Hydro. Ontario Hydro Survey on Power System...

Balducci, P. J.; Roop, J. M.; Schienbein, L. A.; DeSteese, J. G.; Weimar, M. R.

277

Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species and cancer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mitochondria produce reactive oxygen species (mROS) as a natural by-product of electron transport chain activity. While initial studies focused on the damaging effects of reactive oxygen species, a recent paradigm shift ...

Chandel, Navdeep S

278

City of Boulder - Green Power Purchasing | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

City of Boulder - Green Power Purchasing City of Boulder - Green Power Purchasing City of Boulder - Green Power Purchasing < Back Eligibility Local Government Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Colorado Program Type Green Power Purchasing Provider City of Boulder The City of Boulder purchases a portion of its electricity supply from wind power through Xcel Energy's Windsource program and Renewable Choice Energy, headquartered in Colorado. Boulder purchases approximately 470,000 kWh annually to provide clean power for its municipal buildings. Boulder also installed a solar water heating system with 128 thermal panels on one of its city-owned pools. The city now has 1,955 kilowatts (kW) of photovoltaics installed with an additional 349 kW planned. These efforts

279

Alabama Power - UESC Activities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alabama Power - UESC Alabama Power - UESC Activities FUPWG 10-16-12 UESC Projects * Anniston Army Depot - Re-conductor / New Poles - Substation / Switchyard Upgrade - Solar Water Heating * USDA - Auburn - Lighting Retrofit - Heat Recovery * FDA - Investment Grade Audit * Lighting / Controls / Heat Recovery UESC Projects * GSA - Lighting Upgrades * Mobile and Montgomery Court Houses * Fort Rucker - Generator / Photo Voltaic Project - Investment Grade Audit * Energy Efficiency Projects * Renewables - Lighting Sensor - Lighting / Controls / Boiler Replacement Fort Rucker Heat Pump / Boiler Piggyback System 50 Ton HPWH 240 kW Electric Boiler Heat Recovery Questions to Consider... * What is the most efficient boiler you have installed? * If you were going to reduce Greenhouse gas emissions would you focus on the Heating or

280

Solar Power Purchase Agreements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Power Purchase Agreements Solar Power Purchase Agreements Brian Millberg | Energy Manager, City of Minneapolis Direct Ownership * Financial: Even at $3/kW installed cost, simple payback is 18 years (initial electricity cost of $0.10/kWh and 3%/year electricity cost inflation) * Politics: How to justify expense with such a long payback * If RECS begin to have some real value, this would be a positive for ownership. 2 PPA Advantages * No/low up-front costs * City can take advantage of Investment Tax Credits (ITCs) - This leads to low electricity costs * Predictable electricity cost for length of contract * Avoid direct design/rebate/permitting work * No maintenance/operation headaches 3 PPA Financial Case (1 MW system) * PPA allows a developer to reduce system cost through:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Influence of mean gas residence time in the bubbling fluidised bed on the performance of a 100-kW dual fluidised bed steam gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, the influence of mean gas residence time in the bubbling fluidised bed, ? f..., on the performance of a pilot scale 100kW dual fluidised bed gasifier was experimentally investigate...

W. L. Saw; S. S. Pang

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Advanced, High-Reliability, System-Integrated 500kW PV Inverter Development: Final Subcontract Report, 29 September 2005 - 31 May 2008  

SciTech Connect

Xantrex Technology accomplished subcontract goals of reducing parts cost, weight, and size of its 500-kW inverter by 25% compared to state-of-the-art PV inverters, while extending reliability by 25%.

West, R.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

The ITER-FEAT power supply system and interface with the site HV power grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper deals with the coil power supplies for ITER-FEAT and focuses on the topics related to their interface with the HV grid, which provides the required pulsed electric power. The availability of a suitable HV grid is assumed. The technical solutions addressed to the limitation of the reactive power consumption are described along with the means for reactive power compensation and active power shedding. The adaptation of the power supply reference design to a site supplied by a HV grid, with capabilities lower than the site assumptions, is discussed.

A. Roshal; B. Bareyt; I. Benfatto; N. Britousov; D. Hrabal; K. Krueger; A. Maschio; P.L. Mondino; T. Shoji

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Presented at SRM Annual Conference, OKC, OK 2/5/2013 K.W. Tate, L.M. Roche, M.R. George, UC Davis 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Presented at SRM Annual Conference, OKC, OK 2/5/2013 K.W. Tate, L.M. Roche, M.R. George, UC Davis 1, L.M. Roche, M.R. George, UC Davis 2 · Offstream attractants such as water tanks and supplement in runoff #12;Presented at SRM Annual Conference, OKC, OK 2/5/2013 K.W. Tate, L.M. Roche, M.R. George, UC

Tate, Kenneth

285

Reactive Ion Benjamin A. Small  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(torr) plasma etching reactive ion etching ion milling m cm 100µm µm #12;5 Mechanics ~40 mTorrE380 kHz, 13.56 MHz ~30 sccm #12;6 Chemistry X X X X F- F- F-F- X F-F- F- F- F- R++ R++ R++ #12;7 Chemistry before opening · Silanes are explosive in the atmosphere #12;13 Bibliography Campbell, Stephen A

Garmestani, Hamid

286

The unitary theory of the electrical powers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

General physics approach is applied to analysis of power components in electrical systems under sinusoidal and non-sinusoidal conditions. Physical essence of active, reactive and distorting powers are determinate. It is shown that the all three powers are the different aspects of the same physical phenomenon: mechanical action per time of Coulomb forces or inertial forces.

Gheorghe Mihai

2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

287

Reactive composite compositions and mat barriers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hazardous material storage area has a reactive multi-layer composite mat which lines an opening into which a reactive backfill and hazardous material are placed. A water-inhibiting cap may cover the hazardous material storage area. The reactive multi-layer composite mat has a backing onto which is placed an active layer which will neutralize or stabilize hazardous waste and a fronting layer so that the active layer is between the fronting and backing layers. The reactive backfill has a reactive agent which can stabilize or neutralize hazardous material and inhibit the movement of the hazardous material through the hazardous material storage area.

Langton, Christine A. (Aiken, SC); Narasimhan, Rajendran (Evans, GA); Karraker, David G. (Aiken, SC)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Permeable Reactive Barriers | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Permeable Reactive Barriers Permeable Reactive Barriers Permeable Reactive Barriers Permeable Reactive Barrier Field Projects Durango, Colorado DOE installed a PRB in October 1995 to treat ground water from a uranium mill tailings disposal site at Durango, Colorado Read more Cañon City, Colorado ESL personnel conduct tests and help evaluate performance at other PRB sites, such as Cotter Corporation's Cañon City site in Colorado. Read more Monticello, Utah Installation of a PRB hydraulically downgradient of the Monticello, Utah, millsite was completed June 30, 1999, as an Interim Remedial Action. Read more A permeable reactive barrier (PRB) is a zone of reactive material placed underground to intercept and react with a contaminant plume in ground water. Typically, PRBs are emplaced by replacing soils with reactive

289

Research on Low Voltage Ride through of Doubly-Fed Induction Generator Wind Power System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Due to the double fed induction generators(DFIG) advantage of controlling active and reactive power independently and partly power converter, DFIG is becoming a popular type of wind power generation system. However, the converter is quite sensitive ...

Yongfeng Ren; Hongyan Xu; Jianlin Li; Shuju Hu

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Southwest Gas Corporation - Combined Heat and Power Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Southwest Gas Corporation - Combined Heat and Power Program Southwest Gas Corporation - Combined Heat and Power Program Southwest Gas Corporation - Combined Heat and Power Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate 50% of the installed cost of the project Program Info State Arizona Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $400/kW - $500/kW up to 50% of the installed cost of the project Provider Southwest Gas Corporation Southwest Gas Corporation (SWG) offers incentives to qualifying commercial and industrial facilities who install efficient Combined Heat and Power systems (CHP). CHP systems produce localized, on-site power and heat which can be used in a variety of ways. Incentives vary based upon the efficiency

291

Power Electronics and Thermal Management Breakout Sessions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

POWER ELECTRONICS AND THERMAL POWER ELECTRONICS AND THERMAL MANAGEMENT EV Everywhere Workshop July 24, 2012 Breakout Session #1 - Discussion of Performance Targets and Barriers Comments on the Achievability of the Targets * Performance: Is achievable with these assumptions * Production Cost: $8/KW is achievable for PHEV40 and BEV300, $14/KW is okay for BEV100 * Production Efficiency: 95% system efficiency might be achievable * It is easier to achieve performance than cost targets * Integration of the different functionalities can help with achieving the targets * What is efficiency worth? What price do we place on it? Barriers Interfering with Reaching the Targets * Capacitors and magnetics (materials, performance, temperature, size, frequency, packaging) * Material cost, capacitors and magnetics are the priority

292

Chemically Reactive Working Fluids, Concentrating Solar Power (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Argonne National Laboratory (ANNL) is one of the 2012 SunShot CSP R&D awardees for their advanced receivers. This fact sheet explains the motivation, description, and impact of the project.

Not Available

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Enertech 15-kW wind-system development: Phase I. Design and analysis. Volume I. Executive summary  

SciTech Connect

A utility interfaced wind machine rated for 15 kW at 9 m/s (20.1 mph) has been designed to be cost effective in 5.4 m/s (12 mph) average wind sites. Approximately 18 months into the research and development program a completed design meeting contract specifications was submitted to the buyer. The design is for a horizontal axis, down wind machine which features three fixed pitch wood-epoxy blades and free yaw. Rotor diameter is 44 feet (13.4 meters). Unit shutdown is provided by an electrohydraulic brake. Blade tip brakes provide back-up rotor overspeed protection. Design merits have been verified through dynamic truck testing of a prototype unit.

Not Available

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Enertech 15-kW wind-system development. Phase I. Design and Analysis. Volume II. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

A utility interfaced wind machine rated for 15 kW at 9 m/s (20.1 mph) has been designed to be cost effective in 5.4 m/s (12 mph) average wind sites. Approximately 18 months into the research and development program a completed design meeting contract specifications was submitted to the buyer. The design is for a horizontal axis, down wind machine which features three fixed pitch wood-epoxy blades and free yaw. Rotor diameter is 44 feet (13.4 meters). Unit shutdown is provided by an electrohydraulic brake. Blade tip brakes provide back-up rotor overspeed protection. Design merits have been verified through dynamic truck testing of a prototype unit.

Dodge, D.M. (ed.)

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Development of a 5 kW Cooling Capacity Ammonia-water Absorption Chiller for Solar Cooling Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of a small capacity absorption chiller and the numerical and experimental results are presented in this paper. The prototype is a thermally driven ammonia-water absorption chiller of 5kW cooling capacity for solar cooling applications. The chiller was developed in an industrial perspective with a goal of overall compactness and using commercially available components. In order to characterize various component technologies and different optimization components, the prototype is monitored with temperature, pressure and mass flow rate accurate sensors. The resulting chiller, characterized by a reduced load in ammonia-water solution and the use of brazed plate heat exchanger, has shown good performance during the preliminary tests. A comparison with the expected numerical results is given.

Franois Boudhenn; Hlne Demasles; Jol Wyttenbach; Xavier Jobard; David Chze; Philippe Papillon

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Engine combustion control at low loads via fuel reactivity stratification  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compression ignition (diesel) engine uses two or more fuel charges during a combustion cycle, with the fuel charges having two or more reactivities (e.g., different cetane numbers), in order to control the timing and duration of combustion. By appropriately choosing the reactivities of the charges, their relative amounts, and their timing, combustion can be tailored to achieve optimal power output (and thus fuel efficiency), at controlled temperatures (and thus controlled NOx), and with controlled equivalence ratios (and thus controlled soot). At low load and no load (idling) conditions, the aforementioned results are attained by restricting airflow to the combustion chamber during the intake stroke (as by throttling the incoming air at or prior to the combustion chamber's intake port) so that the cylinder air pressure is below ambient pressure at the start of the compression stroke.

Reitz, Rolf Deneys; Hanson, Reed M; Splitter, Derek A; Kokjohn, Sage L

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

297

Reliable, Efficient and Cost-Effective Electric Power Converter for Small Wind Turbines Based on AC-link Technology  

SciTech Connect

Grid-tied inverter power electronics have been an Achilles heel of the small wind industry, providing opportunity for new technologies to provide lower costs, greater efficiency, and improved reliability. The small wind turbine market is also moving towards the 50-100kW size range. The unique AC-link power conversion technology provides efficiency, reliability, and power quality advantages over existing technologies, and Princeton Power will adapt prototype designs used for industrial asynchronous motor control to a 50kW small wind turbine design.

Darren Hammell; Mark Holveck; DOE Project Officer - Keith Bennett

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Layered reactive particles with controlled geometries, energies, and reactivities, and methods for making the same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An energetic composite having a plurality of reactive particles each having a reactive multilayer construction formed by successively depositing reactive layers on a rod-shaped substrate having a longitudinal axis, dividing the reactive-layer-deposited rod-shaped substrate into a plurality of substantially uniform longitudinal segments, and removing the rod-shaped substrate from the longitudinal segments, so that the reactive particles have a controlled, substantially uniform, cylindrically curved or otherwise rod-contoured geometry which facilitates handling and improves its packing fraction, while the reactant multilayer construction controls the stability, reactivity and energy density of the energetic composite.

Fritz, Gregory M; Knepper, Robert Allen; Weihs, Timothy P; Gash, Alexander E; Sze, John S

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

299

Power Plant Power Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basin Center for Geothermal Energy at University of Nevada, Reno (UNR) 2 Nevada Geodetic LaboratoryStillwater Power Plant Wabuska Power Plant Casa Diablo Power Plant Glass Mountain Geothermal Area Lassen Geothermal Area Coso Hot Springs Power Plants Lake City Geothermal Area Thermo Geothermal Area

Tingley, Joseph V.

300

Map of Solar Power Plants/Data | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Power Plants/Data Solar Power Plants/Data < Map of Solar Power Plants Jump to: navigation, search Download a CSV file of the table below: CSV FacilityType Owner Developer EnergyPurchaser Place GeneratingCapacity NumberOfUnits CommercialOnlineDate HeatRate WindTurbineManufacturer FacilityStatus AV Solar Ranch I Solar Power Plant Photovoltaics NextLight Renewable Power Antelope Valley, California 230 MW230,000 kW 230,000,000 W 230,000,000,000 mW 0.23 GW 2.3e-4 TW Agua Caliente Solar Power Plant Photovoltaics NextLight Renewable Power Yuma County, Arizona 280 MW280,000 kW 280,000,000 W 280,000,000,000 mW 0.28 GW 2.8e-4 TW Agua Caliente Solar Project Utility scale solar First Solar Yuma County, Arizona 290 MW290,000 kW 290,000,000 W 290,000,000,000 mW

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Rejuvenating Permeable Reactive Barriers by Chemical Flushing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Final Report:Rejuvenating Permeable Reactive Barriers by Chemical Flushing,U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 8 Support.August 2004

302

Exploring the reactivity of bacterial multicomponent monooxygenases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 1. Introduction: The Reactivity of Bacterial Multicomponent Monooxygenases Bacterial multicomponent monooxygenases constitute a remarkable family of enzymes that oxidize small, inert hydrocarbon substrates using ...

Tinberg, Christine Elaine

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Reactive sticking coefficients of silane on silicon  

SciTech Connect

We have investigated the reaction of room-temperature silane and disilane on a hot polycrystalline silicon surface using both a collision-free molecular beam and a very low pressure CVD cell. Reactive sticking coefficients were obtained from deposition rate data over a wide range of temperatures and silane (disilane) fluxes. The RSCs are substantially less than one, ranging from 6 x 10/sup -5/ to 4 x 10/sup -2/. For silane we observed curved Arrhenius plots with slopes decreasing from approx.60 kcal mol/sup -1/ at low temperatures to approx.2 kcal mol/sup -1/ at higher temperatures. The RSCs are independent of flux (pressure) at 1040/sup 0/C, but vary as flux to the approx.-1/2 power at 710/sup 0/C. A model comprised of a dissociative adsorption mechanism with competing associative desorption and reaction was found to give reasonable agreement. For disilane, we observed RSCs that were roughly ten times higher than those for silane. We also observed a curved Arrhenius plot and a flux dependence at 710/sup 0/C for disilane. 22 refs., 5 figs.

Buss, R.J.; Ho, P.; Breiland, W.G.; Coltrin, M.E.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Texas-New Mexico Power Company - Nonresidential Energy Efficiency Standard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Texas-New Mexico Power Company - Nonresidential Energy Efficiency Texas-New Mexico Power Company - Nonresidential Energy Efficiency Standard Offer Program Texas-New Mexico Power Company - Nonresidential Energy Efficiency Standard Offer Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Commercial Solutions, SCORE, and CitySmart Peak Energy Reduction Standard Offer: $165/kW Provider Texas New Mexico Power Texas-New Mexico Power's Commercial Solutions Program provides incentives

305

HIGH AVERAGE POWER OPTICAL FEL AMPLIFIERS.  

SciTech Connect

Historically, the first demonstration of the optical FEL was in an amplifier configuration at Stanford University [l]. There were other notable instances of amplifying a seed laser, such as the LLNL PALADIN amplifier [2] and the BNL ATF High-Gain Harmonic Generation FEL [3]. However, for the most part FELs are operated as oscillators or self amplified spontaneous emission devices. Yet, in wavelength regimes where a conventional laser seed can be used, the FEL can be used as an amplifier. One promising application is for very high average power generation, for instance FEL's with average power of 100 kW or more. The high electron beam power, high brightness and high efficiency that can be achieved with photoinjectors and superconducting Energy Recovery Linacs (ERL) combine well with the high-gain FEL amplifier to produce unprecedented average power FELs. This combination has a number of advantages. In particular, we show that for a given FEL power, an FEL amplifier can introduce lower energy spread in the beam as compared to a traditional oscillator. This properly gives the ERL based FEL amplifier a great wall-plug to optical power efficiency advantage. The optics for an amplifier is simple and compact. In addition to the general features of the high average power FEL amplifier, we will look at a 100 kW class FEL amplifier is being designed to operate on the 0.5 ampere Energy Recovery Linac which is under construction at Brookhaven National Laboratory's Collider-Accelerator Department.

BEN-ZVI, ILAN, DAYRAN, D.; LITVINENKO, V.

2005-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

306

Method for reactivating catalysts and a method for recycling supercritical fluids used to reactivate the catalysts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of reactivating a catalyst, such as a solid catalyst or a liquid catalyst. The method comprises providing a catalyst that is at least partially deactivated by fouling agents. The catalyst is contacted with a fluid reactivating agent that is at or above a critical point of the fluid reactivating agent and is of sufficient density to dissolve impurities. The fluid reactivating agent reacts with at least one fouling agent, releasing the at least one fouling agent from the catalyst. The at least one fouling agent becomes dissolved in the fluid reactivating agent and is subsequently separated or removed from the fluid reactivating agent so that the fluid reactivating agent may be reused. A system for reactivating a catalyst is also disclosed.

Ginosar, Daniel M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Thompson, David N. (Idaho Falls, ID); Anderson, Raymond P. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

307

Carbon Power and Light - Residential and Commercial Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Carbon Power and Light - Residential and Commercial Energy Carbon Power and Light - Residential and Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Carbon Power and Light - Residential and Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Manufacturing Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate Water Heater: $75 Program Info State Wyoming Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Water Heater: $1.50 - $3 /gallon, plus $50 Tri-State G&T incentive Resistive Heat: $8 /kW Electric Thermal Storage: $50 /unit or $12 /kW Air-Source Heat Pump: $125 - $150 /ton Geothermal Heat Pump: $150 /ton Terminal Unit: $85 Motors: $8 - $13 /hp (CPL and Tri-State Combined Rebate) Provider Carbon Power and Light, Inc.

308

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive power control Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

controller, which does not need any... Coordinating Control of a Power System with Wind Farm Integration and Multiple FACTS Devices", Neural Networks... , "Coordinated Reactive...

309

High power laser workover and completion tools and systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Workover and completion systems, devices and methods for utilizing 10 kW or more laser energy transmitted deep into the earth with the suppression of associated nonlinear phenomena. Systems and devices for the laser workover and completion of a borehole in the earth. These systems and devices can deliver high power laser energy down a deep borehole, while maintaining the high power to perform laser workover and completion operations in such boreholes deep within the earth.

Zediker, Mark S; Rinzler, Charles C; Faircloth, Brian O; Koblick, Yeshaya; Moxley, Joel F

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

310

North American Power Symposium NAPS, San Luis Obispo, California, October 1999. EMTP Studies of UPFC Power Oscillation Damping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transmission sys- tems, rather then on building new transmission lines and power stations, for economical and reactive power on transmission lines to allow for their secure loading, to full thermal capability in some of power systems 3 . A 100 Mvar, 161 kV STATCOM prototype is already in service at TVA's power system 4

Cañizares, Claudio A.

311

Electronic Structure and Reactivity of Isomeric Oxo-Mn(V) Porphyrins:? Effects of Spin-State Crossing and pKa Modulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Filippo De Angelis ,* Ning Jin , Roberto Car , and John T. Groves * ... 1,2 Reactive oxomanganese complexes are thought to participate in the photosynthetic oxidation of water to produce oxygen. ... In recent years, fast kinetic probes of the reactivity of oxometalloporphyrin complexes13,14 and the emerging power of chemical computation in such systems15-25 have begun to provide a new level of understanding of the nature and reactivity of such oxometal species. ...

Filippo De Angelis; Ning Jin; Roberto Car; John T. Groves

2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

312

Reactivity of calcium sulfate from FBC systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A relative estimate of the reactivity of calcium sulfate in a number of coal combustion ash samples was obtained, using the rate of solution in water as a parameter. Measurements were also performed on standard samples of calcium sulfate prepared in different ways, for comparison. The temperature of previous treatment appeared as the most important factor determining the reactivity of CaSO4; the grain size distribution was less important, and the duration of heating (even to 105 days) had very little influence. No correlation between specific surface of ash samples and their reactivity was apparent. Calcium sulfate in FBC ash samples was much more reactive than that contained in high-temperature ashes, and than calcium sulfate heated, alone or with various additions, at 850C for 2 days. Of the six FBC samples tested, five showed similar behaviour, including a sample from a pressurized system; only a deposit from 96 days operation of an industrial CFBC boiler burning petroleum coke showed considerably less reactivity. Surprisingly, CaSO4 from two FBC samples placed in an oven for 60 days under sulfating conditions showed a very similar rate of solution to that of the other FBC samples, while a third sample kept in the oven for 105 days also showed no decrease in reactivity. Only when one of these samples had agglomerated (which occurred between 60 and 105 days) did it show decreased reactivity, suggesting that the agglomeration process rather than duration is significant in promoting sintering and reducing the sulfate reactivity.

Agripanea P. Iribarne; Julio V. Iribarne; Edward J. Anthony

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Organic Rankine power conversion subsystem development for the small community solar thermal power system  

SciTech Connect

The development and preliminary test results for an air-cooled, hermetically sealed 20 kW sub E organic Rankine cycle engine/alternator unit for use with point focussing distributed receiver solar thermal power system. A 750 F toluene is the working fluid and the system features a high speed, single-stage axial flow turbine direct-coupled to a permanent magnet alternator. Good performance was achieved with the unit in preliminary tests.

Barber, R.E.; Boda, F.P.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Peer Reviewed Publications 7 October 2011 41 Chilson, PB, WF Frick, JF Kelly, KW Howard, RP Larkin, RH Diehl, JK Westbrook, TA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peer Reviewed Publications 7 October 2011 41 Chilson, PB, WF Frick, JF Kelly, KW Howard, RP Larkin, RH Diehl, JK Westbrook, TA Kelly, TH Kunz. In Press. Partly cloudy with a chance of migration, MS Bowlin, PB Chilson, RH Diehl, RW Fléron, P Hartl, R Kays, JF Kelly, WD Robinson, M Wikelski. 2011

Kelly, Jeff

315

Operational results of the 13 kW/50 m sup 3 solar-driven cold store in Khartoum, The Sudan  

SciTech Connect

Experimental test results on a 13-kW solar-driven absorption refrigerator, located at Khartoum, The Sudan, are presented. Design considerations and cost aspects of the solar-driven refrigerator are given as well. The test shows that the solar-driven refrigerator performed satisfactorily during nine months of operation. However, continued tests have to show the ultimate system performance.

Sloetjes, W.; Haverhals, J.; Kerkdijk, K. (Stork Product Engineering, Amsterdam (Netherlands)); Ahmed, I.O.; Saber, H.; Eldin, S.S. (Renewable Energy Research Institute, Khartoum (Sudan)); Porsius, R.; Stolk, A. (Technical Univ. of Delft (Netherlands)); Karib, A.E.; Yousif, K. (Food Research Centre, Khartoum North (Sudan)); Hassan, H.W. (Materials Research Development Centre, Khartoum (Sudan))

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

1. Cooling water is one-third of US water usage Basic approach: (a) estimate power consumption, from which you estimate cooling water usage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Cooling water is one-third of US water usage Basic approach: (a) estimate power consumption) Water for power consumption I happen to know that total energy usage is roughly 10 kW per person energy usage by a lot. Now we assume that a power plant is 50% efficient. I assumed more than 20%, less

Nimmo, Francis

317

Power Performance Testing Activities in the DOE-EPRI Turbine Verification Program  

SciTech Connect

As part of the US Department of Energy/Electric Power Research Institute (DOE-EPRI) Wind Turbine Verification Program, Global Energy Concepts (GEC) is engaged in planning and conducting power performance tests for wind turbines in Searsburg, Vermont; Glenmore, Wisconsin; Algona, Iowa; Springview, Nebraska; Kotzebue, Alaska; and Big Spring, Texas. The turbines under investigation include a 550-kW Zond Z-40 FS, a 600-kW Tacke 600e, two 750-kW Zond Z-50s, a 66-kW AOC 15/50, a 660-kW Vestas V-47, and a 1.65-MW Vestas V-66. The testing is performed in a variety of terrain types, including mountains, plains, deserts, and coastal tundra; and under a wide range of atmospheric conditions from arid to arctic. Because one goal of this testing program is to gain experience with the new International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 61400-12 standard, all of the measurements are being performed in accordance with this new standard. This paper presents the status of the power performance testing at each site, the methodologies employed, test results available, and lessons learned from the application of the IEC standard. Any sources of uncertainty are discussed, and attention is given to the relative importance of each aspect of the IEC standard in terms of its contribution to the overall measurement uncertainty.

VandenBosche, J.; McCoy, T.; Rhoads, H. (Global Energy Concepts, LLC); McNiff, B. (McNiff Light Industry); Smith, B. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

2000-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

318

ANALYSIS OF DETONATION STATES WHEN SHOCKING TWO-PHASE REACTIVE SOLIDS*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

' ANALYSIS OF DETONATION STATES WHEN SHOCKING TWO-PHASE REACTIVE SOLIDS* J. M. Powers, D. S the hypothesis that observed deviations from Chapman-Jouguet detonation states inporous solid propellants for a minimum detonation wave speed analogous to a Chapman-Jouguet detonation for a single phase is given

319

Resilient Intrusion Tolerance through Proactive and Reactive Recovery Paulo Sousa Alysson Neves Bessani Miguel Correia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

critical infrastructures like the Power grid. One approach that promises to satisfy this re- quirement system's correct opera- tion. We design a proactive-reactive recovery service based on a hybrid- silience of an intrusion-tolerant firewall adequate for the pro- tection of critical infrastructures. 1

Neves, Nuno

320

In Situ Reactivity and TOF SIMS Analysis of Surfaces Prepared...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reactivity and TOF SIMS Analysis of Surfaces Prepared by Soft and Reactive Landing of Mass Selected Ions. In Situ Reactivity and TOF SIMS Analysis of Surfaces Prepared by Soft and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Silicon Valley Power - Solar Electric Buy Down Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Electric Buy Down Program Solar Electric Buy Down Program Silicon Valley Power - Solar Electric Buy Down Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate Residential: $20,000 Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Incentives step down over time as installed capacity goals are met. Check program web site for current incentive level. '''Rebate levels as of 9/20/12:''' Residential: $2.00/watt AC Commercial (up to 100 kW): $1.10/watt AC Commercial (>100 kW to 1 MW): $0.15/kWh for 5 years Provider Silicon Valley Power Silicon Valley Power (SVP) offers incentives for the installation of new grid-connected solar electric (photovoltaic, or PV) systems. Incentive levels will step down over the life of the program as certain installed

322

Dominion Virginia Power - Solar Purchase Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominion Virginia Power - Solar Purchase Program Dominion Virginia Power - Solar Purchase Program No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Summary Quantitative Data Last modified on June 21, 2013. Financial Incentive Program Place Virginia Name Dominion Virginia Power - Solar Purchase Program Incentive Type Performance-Based Incentive Applicable Sector Agricultural, Commercial, Fed. Government, Institutional, Local Government, Multi-Family Residential, Nonprofit, Residential, State Government Eligible Technologies Photovoltaics Active Incentive Yes Implementing Sector Utility Energy Category Renewable Energy Incentive Programs Amount $0.15/kWh Eligible System Size Residential: 20 kW Nonresidential: 50 kW Start Date 6/20/2013

323

EVSE Features Power Button for Zero Consumption Auto-restart  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Button for Zero Consumption Auto-restart Button for Zero Consumption Auto-restart Multi Colored Charge Indicator Led Power Indicator EVSE Specifications Grid connection Plug and cord NEMA 6-50 Connector type J1772 Test lab certifications ETL Listed Approximate size (H x W x D inches) 16 x 24 x 6 Charge level AC Level 2 Input voltage 208-240 VAC Maximum input current 30 Amp Circuit breaker rating 40 Amp Test Conditions 1 Test date 10/29/2012 Nominal supply voltage (Vrms) 208.38 Supply frequency (Hz) 59.99 Initial ambient temperature (°F) 64 Test Vehicle 1,3 Make and model 2012 Chevrolet Volt Battery type Li-ion Steady state charge power (AC kW) 3.07 Maximum charge power (AC kW) 3.32 EVSE Test Results

324

Burbank Water and Power - Residential and Commercial Solar Support Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Burbank Water and Power - Residential and Commercial Solar Support Burbank Water and Power - Residential and Commercial Solar Support Program Burbank Water and Power - Residential and Commercial Solar Support Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Low-Income Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Water Heating Maximum Rebate Maximum payment of 400,000 per year for performance-based incentives Program Info Start Date 1/1/2010 Expiration Date 12/31/2016 State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount PV rebates will be awarded via lottery on August 12, 2013 Residential PV: $1.28/W CEC-AC Commercial PV (less than 30 kW): $0.97/W CEC-AC Commercial PV (30 kW or larger): ineligible at this time Solar Water Heaters (residential domestic hot water only; not pools):

325

Consumers Power, Inc. - Solar Energy System Rebate | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Inc. - Solar Energy System Rebate Inc. - Solar Energy System Rebate Consumers Power, Inc. - Solar Energy System Rebate < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Water Heating Maximum Rebate $3,000 for PV Program Info State Oregon Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount SWH: $500/system PV: $500/kW Provider Consumers Power, Inc. Consumers Power, Inc. (CPI) offers rebates to its residential customers who install solar water heating systems or solar photovoltaic (PV) systems from October 1, 2012 to September 30, 2013. The rebate for solar water heaters is $500 for systems with a collector area greater than 31 square feet. Systems used for hot tubs or swimming pools are not eligible. The rebate for solar PV systems is $500 per kilowatt-DC (kW), with a maximum rebate

326

RF Power Upgrade for CEBAF at Jefferson Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Jefferson Laboratory (JLab) is currently upgrading the 6GeV Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) to 12GeV. As part of the upgrade, RF systems will be added, bringing the total from 340 to 420. Existing RF systems can provide up to 6.5 kW of CW RF at 1497 MHZ. The 80 new systems will provide increased RF power of up to 13 kW CW each. Built around a newly designed and higher efficiency 13 kW klystron developed for JLab by L-3 Communications, each new RF chain is a completely revamped system using hardware different than our present installations. This paper will discuss the main components of the new systems including the 13 kW klystron, waveguide isolator, and HV power supply using switch-mode technology. Methodology for selection of the various components and results of initial testing will also be addressed. Notice: Authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177. The U.S. Government retains a non-exclusive, paid-up, irrevocable, world-wide license to publish or reproduce this manuscript for U.S. Government purposes.

Andrew Kimber,Richard Nelson

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Parametric Optimization of Vapor Power and Cooling Cycle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The proposed solar thermal based combined power and cooling cycle can be operated from low grade energy such as heat and well suited for domestic and industrial needs. The hybridization of vapour absorption refrigeration (VAR) and Kalina cycle system (KCS) results power in addition to cooling. The proposed plant has two turbines with super heater and reheater to recover more heat from the solar thermal collectors. The refrigerant vapour from the high pressure turbine is reheated for low pressure turbine which gives 9.3kW of extra power. The total power and cooling are 14.05kW and 73.58kW respectively at 0.42 absorber concentration and 99% of turbine concentration and 150C of solar collector temperature. The invention also highlights the flexibility in the operation of system on only power mode or on only cooling mode. Thermodynamic analysis has been carried out with a focus on separator temperature and turbine concentration.

R. Shankar; T. Srinivas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing More Documents & Publications Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Rejuvenating Permeable Reactive Barriers by Chemical Flushing Final Report - Rejuvenating Permeable Reactive Barriers by Chemical

329

Hydraulic Conductivity of the Monticello Permeable Reactive Barrier  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydraulic Conductivity of the Monticello Permeable Reactive Barrier Hydraulic Conductivity of the Monticello Permeable Reactive Barrier November 2005 Update Hydraulic Conductivity of the Monticello Permeable Reactive Barrier November 2005 Update Hydraulic Conductivity of the Monticello Permeable Reactive Barrier November 2005 Update Hydraulic Conductivity of the Monticello Permeable Reactive Barrier November 2005 Update More Documents & Publications Variation in Hydraulic Conductivity Over Time at the Monticello Permeable Reactive Barrier Performance Assessment and Recommendations for Rejuvenation of a Permeable Reactive Barrier: Cotter Corporation's Cañon City, Colorado, Uranium Mill Performance Assessment and Recommendations for Rejuvenation of a Permeable Reactive Barrier: Cotter Corporation's Cañon City, Colorado, Uranium

330

Characterization of Dual-Fuel Reactivity Controlled Compression...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Dual-Fuel Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) Using Hydrated Ethanol and Diesel Fuel Characterization of Dual-Fuel Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI)...

331

Reactivity initiated accident test series Test RIA 1-4  

SciTech Connect

The Reactivity Initiated Accident (RIA) Test RIA 1-4, the first 9-rod fuel rod bundle RIA Test to be performed at BWR hot startup conditions, was completed on April 16, 1980. The test was performed in the Power Burst Facility (PBF). Objective for Test RIA 1-4 was to provide information regarding loss-of-coolable fuel rod geometry following a RIA event for a peak fuel enthalpy equivalent to the present licensing criteria of 280 cal/g. The most severe RIA is the postulated Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) control rod drop during reactor startup. Therefore the test was conducted at BWR hot startup coolant conditions (538 K, 6.45 MPa, 0.8 1/sec). The test sequence began with steady power operation to condition the fuel, establish a short-lived fission product inventory, and calibrate the calorimetric measurements and core power chambers, neutron flux and gamma flux detectors. The test train was removed from the in-pile tube (IPT) to replace one of the fuel rods with a nominally identical irradiated rod and twelve flux wire monitors. A 2.8 ms period power burst was then performed. Coolant flow measurements were made before and after the power burst to characterize the flow blockage that occurred as a result of fuel rod failure.

Martinson, Z.R.; El-Genk, M.S.; Fukuda, S.K.; LaPointe, R.E.; Osetek, D.J.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

High average power fundamental input couplers for the Cornell University ERL: requirements, design challenges and first ideas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Therefore the buncher cavity coupling to a transmission line is determined only by the cavity wall losses of 120 kV. It turns out that the best choice would be to detune the buncher cavity halfway [2]. This reduces the required power to 6 kW at 120 kV and leaves enough power overhead to raise the cavity voltage

333

DIRECT CONTACT HEAT EXCHANGER 10 kW POWER LOOP. SECTION 1: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. SECTION 2: TEST SERIES NO. 1. SECTION 3; TEST SERIES NO. 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

e exhaust housing 2) Turbine efficiency measured during thePoint Calculation Turbine Efficiency VS. Operating Hoursthe predicted variation of turbine efficiency with speed is

Engineering, Barber-Nicholas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Magnetically Controlled Reactor Shrinks Power Quality Costs and Power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetically Controlled Reactor Shrinks Power Quality Costs and Power Magnetically Controlled Reactor Shrinks Power Quality Costs and Power Losses Speaker(s): Mark D. Galperin Date: December 18, 2000 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Diana Morris In a new, magnetically controlled reactor (MCR), in which DC pulsing through a special winding controls inductive susceptance, high saturation of the magnetic circuit steel with optimal magnetic and electrical circuit parameters ensures less than 2-3% main harmonic distortion even without special filters. Transformer-like construction ensures reliable operation. MCR's increase power quality through automatic voltage regulation, reduced fluctuation, and smoothing of reactive power surges at 1/2 the cost of thyristor-controlled reactors (TCR's). Damping of voltage-oscillation

335

Improving waveform quality in direct power control of DFIG using fuzzy controller  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes a new direct power control (DPC) strategy of double-fed induction generator using fuzzy logic controller. The active and reactive power equations are expanded, and effects of voltage vecto...

H. Z. Boroujeni; M. F. Othman; A. H. Shirdel

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Consideration of spatial effects in reactivity measurements  

SciTech Connect

Various methods of considering spatial effects in reactivity measurements are presented. These methods are employed both at the critical (mainly fast-neutron) facilities and at the BN-600 reactor.

Matveenko, I. P., E-mail: matveenko@ippe.ru; Lititskii, V. A.; Shokod'ko, A. G. [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (Russian Federation)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

Systematic approach for chemical reactivity evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Screening Tool (RSST) and the Automatic Pressure Tracking Adiabatic Calorimeter (APTAC) were employed to evaluate the reactive systems experimentally. The RSST detected exothermic behavior and measured the overall liberated energy. The APTAC simulated...

Aldeeb, Abdulrehman Ahmed

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

338

Reactivity control assembly for nuclear reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Reactivity control assembly for nuclear reactor comprises supports stacked above reactor core for holding control rods. Couplers associated with the supports and a vertically movable drive shaft have lugs at their lower ends for engagement with the supports.

Bollinger, Lawrence R. (Schenectady, NY)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Fossil plant layup and reactivation conference: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

The Fossil Plant Layup and Reactivation Conference was held in New Orleans, Louisiana on April 14--15, 1992. The Conference was sponsored by EPRI and hosted by Entergy Services, Inc. to bring together representatives from utilities, consulting firms, manufacturers and architectural engineers. Eighteen papers were presented in three sessions. These sessions were devoted to layup procedures and practices, and reactivation case studies. A panel discussion was held on the second day to interactively discuss layup and reactivation issues. More than 80 people attended the Conference. This report contains technical papers and a summary of the panel discussion. Of the eighteen papers, three are related to general, one is related to regulatory issues, three are related to specific equipment, four are related to layup procedures and practices, and seven are layup and reactivation case studies.

Not Available

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Groundwater well with reactive filter pack  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for the remediation of contaminated soil and ground water wherein a reactive pack material is added to the annular fill material utilized in standard well construction techniques.

Gilmore, Tyler J. (Pasco, WA); Holdren, Jr., George R. (Kennewick, WA); Kaplan, Daniel I. (Richland, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Groundwater well with reactive filter pack  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are disclosed for the remediation of contaminated soil and ground water wherein a reactive pack material is added to the annular fill material utilized in standard well construction techniques. 3 figs.

Gilmore, T.J.; Holdren, G.R. Jr.; Kaplan, D.I.

1998-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

342

Reactive Attachment Disorder: Concepts, Treatment, and Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) is a disorder characterized by controversy, both with respect to its definition and its treatment. By definition, the RAD diagnosis attempts to characterize and explain the origin of ...

Walter, Uta M.; Petr, Chris

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Analysis on DFIG Wind Power System Low-Voltage Ridethrough  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Due to the double fed induction generators (DFIG) advantage of controlling active and reactive power independently and partial power converter, DFIG is becoming a popular type of wind power generation system. Nowadays, the grid code demands that ... Keywords: VSCF, DFIG, LVRT, Crowbar, Voltage sags

Yulong Wang; Jianlin Li; Shuju Hu; Honghua Xu

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Dynamic Decomposition of Apparent Power in Polyphase Unbalanced Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the utility of our dynamic power decomposition by applying it to actual data recorded in a paper plant during to characterize the concept of reactive power in the most general case, and to decompose the load currentDynamic Decomposition of Apparent Power in Polyphase Unbalanced Networks with Application

Stankoviæ, Aleksandar

345

SaskPower Net Metering (Saskatchewan, Canada) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SaskPower Net Metering (Saskatchewan, Canada) SaskPower Net Metering (Saskatchewan, Canada) SaskPower Net Metering (Saskatchewan, Canada) < Back Eligibility Commercial Agricultural Industrial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Funding Source SaskPower State Saskatchewan Program Type Net Metering Provider SaskPower Residents, farms and businesses with approved Environmental Preferred Technologies of up to 100 kilowatts (kW) of nominal (nameplate) generating capacity can deliver their excess electricity to our electrical grid. SaskPower will pay a one-time rebate, equivalent to 20% of eligible costs to a maximum payment of $20,000, for an approved and grid interconnected net metering project. The Net Metering Rebate is available to SaskPower, Saskatoon Light and Power and City of Swift Current electricity customers

346

Advanced, High Power, Next Scale, Wave Energy Conversion Device  

SciTech Connect

The project conducted under DOE contract DE?EE0002649 is defined as the Advanced, High Power, Next Scale, Wave Energy Converter. The overall project is split into a seven?stage, gated development program. The work conducted under the DOE contract is OPT Stage Gate III work and a portion of Stage Gate IV work of the seven stage product development process. The project effort includes Full Concept Design & Prototype Assembly Testing building on our existing PowerBuoy? technology to deliver a device with much increased power delivery. Scaling?up from 150kW to 500kW power generating capacity required changes in the PowerBuoy design that addressed cost reduction and mass manufacturing by implementing a Design for Manufacturing (DFM) approach. The design changes also focused on reducing PowerBuoy Installation, Operation and Maintenance (IO&M) costs which are essential to reducing the overall cost of energy. In this design, changes to the core PowerBuoy technology were implemented to increase capability and reduce both CAPEX and OPEX costs. OPT conceptually envisaged moving from a floating structure to a seabed structure. The design change from a floating structure to seabed structure would provide the implementation of stroke? unlimited Power Take?Off (PTO) which has a potential to provide significant power delivery improvement and transform the wave energy industry if proven feasible.

Mekhiche, Mike [Principal Investigator] [Principal Investigator; Dufera, Hiz [Project Manager] [Project Manager; Montagna, Deb [Business Point of Contact] [Business Point of Contact

2012-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

347

Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing U. S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Support January 2004 Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing More Documents & Publications Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Rejuvenating Permeable Reactive Barriers by Chemical Flushing

348

Hydraulic Conductivity of the Monticello Permeable Reactive Barrier  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydraulic Conductivity of the Monticello Permeable Reactive Barrier Hydraulic Conductivity of the Monticello Permeable Reactive Barrier November 2005 Update Hydraulic Conductivity of the Monticello Permeable Reactive Barrier November 2005 Update Hydraulic Conductivity of the Monticello Permeable Reactive Barrier November 2005 Update Hydraulic Conductivity of the Monticello Permeable Reactive Barrier November 2005 Update More Documents & Publications Variation in Hydraulic Conductivity Over Time at the Monticello Permeable Reactive Barrier Ground-Water Table and Chemical Changes in an Alluvial Aquifer During Sustained Pumping at the Monticello, Utah, Zero-Valent Iron Treatment Cells Performance Assessment and Recommendations for Rejuvenation of a Permeable Reactive Barrier: Cotter Corporation's Cañon City, Colorado, Uranium

349

Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing More Documents & Publications Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Final Report - Rejuvenating Permeable Reactive Barriers by Chemical Flushing, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Support

350

Initial tests of thermoacoustic space power engine.  

SciTech Connect

Future NASA deep-space missions will require radioisotope-powered electric generators that are just as reliable as current RTGs, but more efficient and of higher specific power (Wikg). Thennoacoustic engines at the -1-kW scale have converted high-temperature heat into acoustic, or PV, power without moving parts at 30% efficiency. Consisting of only tubes and a few heat exchangers, thennoacoustic engines are low mass and promise to be highly reliable. Coupling a thennoacoustic engine to a low mass, highly reliable and efficient linear alternator will create a heat-driven electric generator suitable for deep-space applications. Conversion efficiency data will be presented on a demonstration thennoacoustic engine designed for the 1 00-Watt power range.

Backhaus, S. N. (Scott N.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Validation of ATR SINDA using SPERT-3 reactivity-initiated transient test data  

SciTech Connect

Thermal-hydraulic analyses of Special Power Excursion Reactor Test-3 (SPERT-3) reactivity-initiated accident (RIA) test data are presented to validate ATR SINDA, a three-dimensional thermal-hydraulic computer code used to conduct transient analysis of Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) fuel plates. Because SPERT-3-C core test results are the only existing data of reactivity insertions for plate-type reactors, validating ATR SINDA is important for safety analysis of postulated reactivity initiated accidents (RIAs) for the plate-type ATR operated at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The SPERT-3 facility was designed to study the kinetic behavior and safety of pressurized, light water-moderated reactors.

Oh, C.H.; Ambrosek, R.G.; Wadkins, R.P. (Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Monroe County Elec Power Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Assn Power Assn Place Mississippi Utility Id 40303 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Rate Over 50 KW Commercial Commercial Rate Under 50 KW Commercial Demand Rate Outdoor Lights -100 watt Sodium Lighting Outdoor Lights 175 watt Mercury Vapor Lighting Outdoor Lights 400 watt Sodium Lighting Residential Rate Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.0916/kWh Commercial: $0.1110/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a"

353

Naval Construction Battalion Center Gulfport - Mississippi Power Partnership Success Story  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Construction Battalion Center Construction Battalion Center Gulfport - Mississippi Power Partnership Success Story Utilities Hardening Project Joe Bosco May 5, 2009 May 5, 2009 * Naval Construction Battalion Center * Established 1942 - Gulfport * Home of Atlantic Fleet Seabees Home of Atlantic Fleet Seabees * Mission: Prepare for & support all facets of the mobilization of construction forces * Naval Construction Battalion Center * 1,100 Acres * 9+ MVA; $3M/yr in Electricity 9+ MVA; $3M/yr in Electricity * One of two Battalion Centers in U.S. * Economic Impact - $500M Mississippi Power Company * Headquartered - Gulfport * Subsidiary y of Southern Comp pany y * Serves 23 counties Southeast Mississippi * 192,000 retail customers * * Generating capacity: 3 166 192 kW Generating capacity: 3,166,192 kW

354

Garland Power and Light - Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Garland Power and Light - Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Garland Power and Light - Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Garland Power and Light - Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Weatherization: $500 per home Lighting: $20,000 Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Commercial Lighting: $100/kW reduced Small Commercial Central Air Conditioning: $400 - $600 per unit, depending on efficiency Central Heat Pump: $500 - $700 per unit, depending on efficiency

355

Operational results from the Saudi Solar Village Photovoltaic power system  

SciTech Connect

The world's largest photovoltaic power system was carried into the operation phase a few months ago. This system was developed and fabricated in the United States and it is providing electrical energy to three remote villages in Saudi Arabia. The facility includes a 350 kW photovoltaic array, 1-MW diesel powered generator, 1100 kWH lead acid batteries, a 300 KVA inverter and a solar weather data monitoring station. The photovoltaic power system is capable of completely automatic operation. It is designed to operate in stand-alone and cogeneration modes of operation.

Huraib, F.; Al-Sani, A.; Khoshami, B.H.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Development of a Segregated Municipal Solid Waste Gasification System for Electrical Power Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The overall engine-generator efficiency at 7.5 kW electrical power load was lower at 19.81% for gasoline fueled engine compared to 35.27% for synthesis gas. The pressure swing adsorption (PSA) system increased the net heating value of the product gas...

Maglinao, Amado Latayan

2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

357

A power analysis and data acquisition system for ocean wave energy device testing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the testing of ocean wave energy devices, the demand for a portable and robust data acquisition and electrical loading system has become apparent. This paper investigates the development of a 30kW inclusive system combining loading capabilities, real-time power analysis, and data acquisition for the testing of deployed ocean wave energy devices. Hardware results for ocean testing are included.

Ean Amon; Ted K.A. Brekken; Annette von Jouanne

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

220,000-r/min, 2-kW Permanent Magnet Motor Drive for Turbocharger Toshihiko Noguchi, Yosuke Takata *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and diesel engines mounted on automobiles, vessels and so forth. Their principal objectives are improvement. In general, it is rather insufficient to overcharge the compressed fuel/air mixture into the engine cylinders-combustion engine. The electric drive makes it possible to enhance output power of the turbocharger in a motoring

Fujimoto, Hiroshi

359

Uppsala High Power Test Stand for ESS Spoke Cavities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The European Spallation Source (ESS) is one of the worlds most powerful neutron source. The ESS linac will accelerate 50mA pulse current of protons to 2.5GeV in 2.86 ms long pulses at a repetition rate of 14 Hz. It produces a beam with 5MW average power and 125MW peak power. ESS Spoke Linac consist of 28 superconducting spoke cavities, which will be developed by IPN Orsay, France. These Spoke Cavities will be tested at low power at IPN Orsay and high power testing will be performed in a high power test stand at Uppsala University. The test stand consists of tetrode based RF amplifier chain (352MHz, 350 kW) power and related RF distribution. Outputs of two tetrodes shall be combined with the hybrid coupler to produce 350 kW power. Preamplifier for a tetrode shall be solid state amplifier. As the spoke cavities are superconducting, the test stand also includes horizontal cryostat, Helium liquefier, test bunker etc. The paper describes features of the test stand in details.

Yogi, RA; Dancila, D; Gajewski, K; Hermansson, L; Noor, M; Wedberg, R; Santiago-Kern, R; Ekelf, T; Lofnes, T; Ziemann, V; Goryashko, V; Ruber, R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

ORNL/CP-97155 Instantaneous Reactive Power and Power Factor of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

three-phase circuits. 3 73.844 3 6 0 . 7 1 1 360.71 1 Fig. 6 Trajectory of fundamental-frequency, phase-a voltage instantaneous phasor, Val. HI. INSTANTANEOUS ROOT-MEAN-SQUARE...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Power Line Calculator for DOS  

SciTech Connect

The Power Line Calculator (PLC) for DOS, version 1.0, is a program that describes the electrical characteristics of a transmission or distribution system given user-defined input. This input may consist of a combination of operating currents and phases, symmetric components, power factor, and real or reactive power. The program also allows the user to designate whether currents are present on the system neutral or in the ground. The PLC assumes that any value entered by the user remains fixed (e.g., phase current, power factor), and for underdetermined systems, basic default assumptions are incorporated: the power factor is held at or near 1.0, the net phase current is kept at or near zero, and the phase conductor currents are kept balanced. The program operates under PC/MS-DOS version 3.3 or later, and the output is available in both tabular and graphic formats.

Silva, J.M. (Enertech Consultants, Campbell, CA (United States))

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

The effect of core configuration on temperature coefficient of reactivity in IRR-1  

SciTech Connect

Experiments designed to measure the effect of coolant moderator temperature on core reactivity in an HEU swimming pool type reactor were performed. The moderator temperature coefficient of reactivity ({alpha}{sub {omega}}) was obtained and found to be different in two core loadings. The measured {alpha}{sub {omega}} of one core loading was {minus}13 pcm/{degrees}C at the temperature range of 23-30{degrees}C. This value of {alpha}{sub {omega}} is comparable to the data published by the IAEA. The {alpha}{sub {omega}} measured in the second core loading was found to be {minus}8 pcm/{degrees}C at the same temperature range. Another phenomenon considered in this study is core behavior during reactivity insertion transient. The results were compared to a core simulation using the Dynamic Simulator for Nuclear Power Plants. It was found that in the second core loading factors other than the moderator temperature influence the core reactivity more than expected. These effects proved to be extremely dependent on core configuration and may in certain core loadings render the reactor`s reactivity coefficient undesirable.

Bettan, M.; Silverman, I.; Shapira, M.; Nagler, A. [Soreq Nuclear Research Center, Yavne (Israel)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

High average power magnetic modulator for metal vapor lasers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A three-stage magnetic modulator utilizing magnetic pulse compression designed to provide a 60 kV pulse to a copper vapor laser at a 4.5 kHz repetition rate is disclosed. This modulator operates at 34 kW input power. The circuit includes a step up auto transformer and utilizes a rod and plate stack construction technique to achieve a high packing factor.

Ball, Don G. (Livermore, CA); Birx, Daniel L. (Oakley, CA); Cook, Edward G. (Livermore, CA); Miller, John L. (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Power sources manufactures association : power technology roadmap workshop - 2006.  

SciTech Connect

The Power Sources Manufacturers Association (PSMA) is pleased to announce the release of the latest Power Technology Roadmap Workshop Report. This Fifth Edition Workshop Report includes presentations and discussions from the workshop as seen by the participants that included many of the industry's most influential members representing end-users, power supply manufacturers, component suppliers, consultants and academia. This report provides detailed projections for the next three to four years of various technologies in a quantitative form. There was special emphasis on how the increasing use of digital technologies will affect the industry in the next four years. The technology trend analysis and the roadmap is provided for the following specific product families expected to be the areas of largest market growth: (1) Ac-dc front end power supplies--1 kW from a single phase ac source; (2) External ac-dc power supplies; (3) Dc-dc bus converters; and (4) Non-isolated dc-dc converters. Bruce Miller, Chairman of PSMA, stated that 'the Power Technology Roadmap Workshop Report is an extensive document that analyzes and provides projections for most major technical parameters for a specific power supply. It is a unique document as it contains technology/parametric trends in a roadmap fashion from a variety of diverse sources, giving significant depth to its content. No such information is available from any other source'. The Power Technology Roadmap Workshop Report is available at no cost as to PSMA Regular and Associate members and at a reduced price to Affiliate members as a benefit of membership. The report will be offered to non-members at a price of $2490. For further information or to buy a copy of the report, please visit the publications page or the PSMA website or contact the Association Office.

Bowers, John S.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Design and synthesis of reactive separation systems  

SciTech Connect

During the last decade there has been a rapid upturn in interest in reactive distillation. The chemical process industry recognizes the favorable economics of carrying out reaction simultaneously with distillation for certain classes of reacting systems, and many new processes have been built based on this technology. Interest is also increasing by academics and software vendors. Systematic design methods for reactive distillation systems have only recently begun to emerge. In this report we survey the available design techniques and point out the contributions made by our group at the University of Massachusetts.

Doherty, M.F.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

High power couplers for Project X  

SciTech Connect

Project X, a multi-megawatt proton source under development at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. The key element of the project is a superconducting (SC) 3GV continuous wave (CW) proton linac. The linac includes 5 types of SC accelerating cavities of two frequencies.(325 and 650MHz) The cavities consume up to 30 kW average RF power and need proper main couplers. Requirements and approach to the coupler design are discussed in the report. New cost effective schemes are described. Results of electrodynamics and thermal simulations are presented.

Kazakov, S.; Champion, M.S.; Yakovlev, V.P.; Kramp, M.; Pronitchev, O.; Orlov, Y.; /Fermilab

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

An appraisal of electric automobile power sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Road transportation, as an important requirement of modern society, is presently hindered by restrictions in emission legislations as well as the availability of petroleum fuels, and as a consequence, the fuel cost. For nearly 270 years, we burned our fossil cache and have come to within a generation of exhausting the liquid part of it. Besides, to reduce the greenhouse gases, and to obey the environmental laws of most countries, it would be necessary to replace a significant number of the petroleum-fueled internal-combustion-engine vehicles (ICEVs) with electric cars in the near future. In this article, we briefly describe the merits and demerits of various proposed electrochemical systems for electric cars, namely the storage batteries, fuel cells and electrochemical supercapacitors, and determine the power and energy requirements of a modern car. We conclude that a viable electric car could be operated with a 50 kW polymer-electrolyte fuel cell stack to provide power for cruising and climbing, coupled in parallel with a 30 kW supercapacitor and/or battery bank to deliver additional short-term burst-power during acceleration.

A.K Shukla; A.S Aric; V Antonucci

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

High power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... 1970s technomanic projects such as nuclear power stations were still in vogue. Environmentalists argued that solar power seemed a far safer, cheaper and reassuringly low-tech power source. The technomaniacs ... tech power source. The technomaniacs, fearing that they were losingthis argument, sought to hijack solar power themselves. They proposed an enormously expensive and complicated ...

David Jones

1994-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

369

Using a Balun Transformer Combiner for High Power Microwave Experiments  

SciTech Connect

A novel coaxial power combiner design has been duplicated that has distinct advantages over other combiner geometries that can handle high power. This design is being applied to combine four 3 kW power supplies to obtain a 10 kW, 5 MHz system for an ICRF antenna on HSX. In the past, Wilkinson type combiners have had limited application to high power systems because of the lack of non-inductive, high power, 100 Omega balance loads. With this new design, standard 50 Omega dummy loads can be used instead for the balance load. The cost is considerably lower than lumped element combiner designs which are dominated by capacitor costs. At such a relatively low frequency, a 3-dB quarter-wave coupled-line coupler becomes impractically long, and a conventional branch-line hybrid requires 35 Omega-line, which is commercially unavailable. The balun combiner uses less transmission line than a ring hybrid and has good bandwidth characteristics even away from its best line impedance. Theoretical calculations and modeling were performed for line impedances from 65 Omega to 75 Omega. Measurements from a low-power test device show excellent agreement with theory, and construction of the high power system is underway.

Kaufman, Michael C [ORNL; Pesavento, Philip V [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

High-Power Rf Load  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact high-power RF load comprises a series of very low Q resonators, or chokes [16], in a circular waveguide [10]. The sequence of chokes absorb the RF power gradually in a short distance while keeping the bandwidth relatively wide. A polarizer [12] at the input end of the load is provided to convert incoming TE.sub.10 mode signals to circularly polarized TE.sub.11 mode signals. Because the load operates in the circularly polarized mode, the energy is uniformly and efficiently absorbed and the load is more compact than a rectangular load. Using these techniques, a load having a bandwidth of 500 MHz can be produced with an average power dissipation level of 1.5 kW at X-band, and a peak power dissipation of 100 MW. The load can be made from common lossy materials, such as stainless steel, and is less than 15 cm in length. These techniques can also produce loads for use as an alternative to ordinary waveguide loads in small and medium RF accelerators, in radar systems, and in other microwave applications. The design is easily scalable to other RF frequencies and adaptable to the use of other lossy materials.

Tantawi, Sami G. (San Mateo, CA); Vlieks, Arnold E. (Livermore, CA)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Formation and Reactivity of Biogenic Iron Microminerals  

SciTech Connect

The overall purpose of the project is to explore and quantify the processes that control the formation and reactivity of biogenic iron microminerals and their impact on the solubility of metal contaminants. The research addresses how surface components of bacterial cells, extracellular organic material, and the aqueous geochemistry of the DIRB microenvironment impacts the mineralogy, chemical state and micromorphology of reduced iron phases.

Beveridge, Terrance J.; Glasauer, Susan; Korenevsky, Anton; Ferris, F. Grant

2000-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

372

Controlling uranium reactivity March 18, 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the last decade. Most of their work involves depleted uranium, a more common form of uraniumMarch 2008 Controlling uranium reactivity March 18, 2008 Uranium is an often misunderstood metal uranium research. In reality, uranium presents a wealth of possibilities for funda- mental chemistry. Many

Meyer, Karsten

373

EVSE Features Charge Delay Option Power Light Indicator Eight-segment Progress Indicator Auto-restart  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charge Delay Option Power Light Indicator Charge Delay Option Power Light Indicator Eight-segment Progress Indicator Auto-restart EVSE Specifications Grid connection Plug and cord NEMA 6-50 Connector type J1772 Test lab certifications UL Listed Approximate size (H x W x D inches) 10 x 13 x 4 Charge level AC Level 2 Input voltage 240 VAC Maximum input current 30 Amp Circuit breaker rating 40 Amp Test Conditions 1 Test date 10/30/2012 Nominal supply voltage (Vrms) 209.04 Supply frequency (Hz) 59.99 Initial ambient temperature (°F) 64 Test Vehicle 1,3 Make and model 2012 Chevrolet Volt Battery type Li-ion Steady state charge power (AC kW) 3.09 Maximum charge power (AC kW) 3.20 EVSE Test Results 1,2,4

374

City Water Light and Power - Solar Rewards Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » City Water Light and Power - Solar Rewards Program City Water Light and Power - Solar Rewards Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate $15,000 per account Program Info Start Date 01/23/2012 State Illinois Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $1,500/kW Provider City Water Light and Power '''''Note: Funding for the Solar Rewards program has been exhausted. Check the program web site for more information regarding additional funding, expected March 2013.''''' City Water, Light and Power (CWLP) is now offering residential and commercial customers a $1,500 per kilowatt (kW) rebate for installing solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. Rebates are limited to $15,000 per customer

375

Microsoft PowerPoint - Pecan Street-Scott Hinson-Building America.pptx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pecan Street Inc. Pecan Street Inc. Scott Hinson shinson@pecanstreet.org Contents Pecan Street Background Pecan Street Research Initiatives Pike Powers Commercialization Laboratory Light Bulbs Pecan Street Background Information What is Pecan Street Who is Pecan Street Research Objectives and Initiatives Residential Home Energy Data Deepest residential energy available Enables research and application development not possible with "normal" data Granularity Comparison August 10, 2011: 60-minute Consumption Data (kW) August 10, 2011: 1-hour Consumption Data (kW) 0 4 8 12 04:00 08:00 12:00 16:00 20:00 Pecan Street Consortium Granularity Comparison August 10, 2011: 15-minute Consumption Data (kW 0 4 8 12 04:00 08:00 12:00 16:00 20:00 Pecan Street Consortium Granularity Comparison

376

UTC Power/Delphi SECA CBS Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The subject report summarizes the results of solid oxide fuel cell development conducted by UTC Power in conjunction with Delphi Automotive Systems under a cost-share program with from October 2008 through March of 2013. Over that period Delphi Automotive Systems developed a nearly four times larger area solid oxide fuel cell stack capable of operating on pre-reformed natural gas and simulated coal gas with durability demonstrated to 5,000 hours and projected to exceed 10,000 hours. The new stack design was scaled to 40-cell stacks with power output in excess of 6.25kW. Delphi also made significant strides in improving the manufacturability, yield and production cost of these solid oxide fuel cells over the course of the program. Concurrently, UTC Power developed a conceptual design for a 120 MW Integrated Gasification Fuel Cell (IGFC) operating on coal syngas with as high as 57% Higher Heating Value (HHV) efficiency as a measure of the feasibility of the technology. Subsequently a 400 kW on-site system preliminary design with 55% Lower Heating Value (LHV) efficiency operating on natural gas was down-selected from eighteen candidate designs. That design was used as the basis for a 25kW breadboard power plant incorporating four Delphi cell stacks that was tested on natural gas before the program was discontinued due to the sale of UTC Power in early 2013. Though the program was cut short of the endurance target of 3,000 hours, many aspects of the technology were proven including: large-area, repeatable cell manufacture, cell stack operation on simulated coal gas and natural gas and integrated power plant operation on natural gas. The potential of the technology for high efficiency stationary electric power generation is clear. Acceptable production costs, durability, and reliability in real world environments are the remaining challenges to commercialization.

Gorman, Michael; Kerr, Rich

2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

377

Norris Public Power District | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Norris Public Power District Norris Public Power District Place Nebraska Utility Id 13664 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location MRO Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png IRRIGATION SERVICE: RATE 10 - FULL SERVICE Commercial IRRIGATION SERVICE: RATE 12 - STANDBY Commercial IRRIGATION SERVICE: RATE 13 - ANYTIME INTERRUPTIBLE Commercial IRRIGATION SERVICE: RATE 14 - THREE DAYS ON/FOUR DAY INTERRUPTIBLE Commercial SCHEDULE 1 - FARM AND RURAL RESIDENTIAL Residential SCHEDULE 15 - LARGE POWER - BETWEEN 2,500 - 7,500 kW Industrial

378

The Solar Wind Power from Magnetic Flux  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Observations of the fast, high-latitude solar wind throughout Ulysses' three orbits show that solar wind power correlates remarkably well with the Sun's total open magnetic flux. These observations support a recent model of the solar wind energy and particle sources, where magnetic flux emergence naturally leads to an energy flux proportional to the strength of the large-scale magnetic field. This model has also been shown to be consistent with X-ray observations of the Sun and a variety of other stars over 12 decades of magnetic flux. The observations reported here show that the Sun delivers ~600 kW Wb?1 to power the solar wind, and that this power to magnetic flux relation has been extremely stable over the last 15 years. Thus, the same law that governs energy released in the corona and from other stars also applies to the total energy in the solar wind.

N. A. Schwadron; D. J. McComas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

The effect of component efficiency and operating conditions on the 50-kW dish Stirling system in Riyadh, Saudia Arabia  

SciTech Connect

This paper deals with the development of a weather data base and the performance prediction of a 50-kW dish Stirling system. An analysis of direct solar insolation data for 1985 from the site in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia was made to determine the available solar energy. A parameter study was done of the effects of component efficiencies and operating conditions on instantaneous and yearly average system efficiency using the prepared weather data. The system performance was found to be most affected by wind, mirror reflectivity, and exact placement of the receiver in the focal point of the mirror.

Noyes, G.W. (Deutsche Forshungsanstait fur Luft-und Raumfahrt, Inst. fur Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldrign 38-40, 7000 Stuttgart 80 (DE))

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Power Marketing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

UGPS' Marketing Service Area Power Marketing As a marketer of Federal power in the Upper Great Plains Region, the Power Marketing staff provides a variety of services for customers...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Methods for enhancing the efficiency of creating a borehole using high power laser systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods for utilizing 10 kW or more laser energy transmitted deep into the earth with the suppression of associated nonlinear phenomena to enhance the formation of Boreholes. Methods for the laser operations to reduce the critical path for forming a borehole in the earth. These methods can deliver high power laser energy down a deep borehole, while maintaining the high power to perform operations in such boreholes deep within the earth.

Zediker, Mark S.; Rinzler, Charles C.; Faircloth, Brian O.; Koblick, Yeshaya; Moxley, Joel F.

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

382

Cell Comp't Thermal Reactivity & Improvements | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Comp't Thermal Reactivity & Improvements Cell Comp't Thermal Reactivity & Improvements Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies "Mega" Merit Review 2008 on...

383

Isotope effects in methanol synthesis and the reactivity of copper...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Isotope effects in methanol synthesis and the reactivity of copper formates on a CuSiO2 catalyst. Isotope effects in methanol synthesis and the reactivity of copper formates on a...

384

Design of processes with reactive distillation line diagrams  

SciTech Connect

On the basis of the transformation of concentration coordinates, the concept of reactive distillation lines is developed. It is applied to study the feasibility of a reactive distillation with an equilibrium reaction on all trays of a distillation column. The singular points in the distillation line diagrams are characterized in terms of nodes and saddles. Depending on the characterization of the reactive distillation line diagrams, it can be decided whether a column with two feed stages is required. On the basis of the reaction space concept, a procedure for identification of reactive distillation processes is developed, in which the reactive distillation column has to be divided into reactive and nonreactive sections. This can be necessary to overcome the limitations in separation which result from the chemical equilibrium. The concentration profile of this combined reactive/nonreactive distillation column is estimated using combined reactive/nonreactive distillation lines.

Bessling, B. [BASF Ludwigshafen (Germany). Engineering Research and Development] [BASF Ludwigshafen (Germany). Engineering Research and Development; Schembecker, G.; Simmrock, K.H. [Univ. of Dortmund (Germany). Dept. of Chemical Engineering] [Univ. of Dortmund (Germany). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Design, fabrication and testing of a 15-kW gas-fired liquid-metal evaporator  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the development and testing of a compact heat- pipe heat exchanger that is designed to transfer thermal energy from hot combustion gases to the heater tubes of a 25-kW{sub e} Stirling engine. In this system, sodium evaporates from a surface that is heated by a stream of hot gases and the liquid metal then condenses on the heater tubes of a Stirling engine where energy is transferred to the engine`s helium working fluid. Recent tests on a prototype unit illustrated that a compact (8 cm {times} 13 cm {times} 16 cm) sodium evaporator can routinely transfer 15-kW{sub t} of energy at an operating vapor temperature of 760{degrees}C. Four of these prototype units will eventually be used to power a 25-kW{sub e} Stirling engine system. Design details and test results from the prototype unit are presented in this paper.

Adkins, D.R.; Rawlinson, K.S.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Design, fabrication and testing of a 15-kW gas-fired liquid-metal evaporator  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the development and testing of a compact heat- pipe heat exchanger that is designed to transfer thermal energy from hot combustion gases to the heater tubes of a 25-kW{sub e} Stirling engine. In this system, sodium evaporates from a surface that is heated by a stream of hot gases and the liquid metal then condenses on the heater tubes of a Stirling engine where energy is transferred to the engine's helium working fluid. Recent tests on a prototype unit illustrated that a compact (8 cm {times} 13 cm {times} 16 cm) sodium evaporator can routinely transfer 15-kW{sub t} of energy at an operating vapor temperature of 760{degrees}C. Four of these prototype units will eventually be used to power a 25-kW{sub e} Stirling engine system. Design details and test results from the prototype unit are presented in this paper.

Adkins, D.R.; Rawlinson, K.S.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Reactivity control assembly for nuclear reactor. [LMFBR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention, which resulted from a contact with the United States Department of Energy, relates to a control mechanism for a nuclear reactor and, more particularly, to an assembly for selectively shifting different numbers of reactivity modifying rods into and out of the core of a nuclear reactor. It has been proposed heretofore to control the reactivity of a breeder reactor by varying the depth of insertion of control rods (e.g., rods containing a fertile material such as ThO/sub 2/) in the core of the reactor, thereby varying the amount of neutron-thermalizing coolant and the amount of neutron-capturing material in the core. This invention relates to a mechanism which can advantageously be used in this type of reactor control system.

Bollinger, L.R.

1982-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

388

Mined land reclamation by biological reactivation  

SciTech Connect

A mine reclamation technique, developed in Europe, restores land to full productivity within two years without topsoil replacement. The method deliberately reestablishes within one year following mining, the required biological balance between microbes, enzymes, and trace elements in the rock spoil rather than waiting five or more years for natural processes to restore balance. The technique is called Biological Reactivation (BR). This paper discusses the feasibility of BR reclamation after surface mining operations in the US. Staff of the Ohio Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute completed an OSM-sponsored research project on BR in which physical and chemical tests characterized 140 spoil samples obtained from 10 surface mining operations. Test results indicated that Biological Reactivation technology could be effectively applied, at least in the test areas sampled within Appalachia. Preliminary estimates make clear that the new technique reduces reclamation costs on prime farmland by approximately 95% compared to topsoil segregation and replacement methods.

Gozon, J.S.; Konya, C.J.; Lukovic, S.S.; Lundquist, R.G.; Olah, J.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

The 5-megawatt power plant with 126 metre rotor diameter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 5-megawatt power plant with 126 metre rotor diameter #12;Design data Rated power 5,000kW Cut-in speed 3.5m/s Rated wind speed 13.0m/s Cut-out speed 25.0m/s onshore 30.0m/s offshore Wind zone up to DIBt 3 Type class up to IEC Ib / GL offshore type class I Rotor Diameter 126.0m Rotor area 12,469m2

Firestone, Jeremy

390

Lithium batteries for pulse power  

SciTech Connect

New designs of lithium batteries having bipolar construction and thin cell components possess the very low impedance that is necessary to deliver high-intensity current pulses. The R D and understanding of the fundamental properties of these pulse batteries have reached an advanced level. Ranges of 50--300 kW/kg specific power and 80--130 Wh/kg specific energy have been demonstrated with experimental high-temperature lithium alloy/transition-metal disulfide rechargeable bipolar batteries in repeated 1- to 100-ms long pulses. Other versions are designed for repetitive power bursts that may last up to 20 or 30 s and yet may attain high specific power (1--10 kW/kg). Primary high-temperature Li-alloy/FeS{sub 2} pulse batteries (thermal batteries) are already commercially available. Other high-temperature lithium systems may use chlorine or metal-oxide positive electrodes. Also under development are low-temperature pulse batteries: a 50-kW Li/SOCl{sub 2} primary batter and an all solid-state, polymer-electrolyte secondary battery. Such pulse batteries could find use in commercial and military applications in the near future. 21 refs., 8 figs.

Redey, L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Otter Tail Power Company - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial and Industrial Energy Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Otter Tail Power Company - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heating Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Maximum Rebate Refrigeration/Cooking/Lighting: rebate will not exceed 75% of project cost Retrocommissioning: $20,000 Retrocommissioning: Building must have at least 40,000 sq ft of conditioned space Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Water Heating: $150 - $300 or $20/kW Thermal Storage: $20 - $40/kW Condensers: $25/HP - $100/HP

392

Properties of Reactive Oxygen Species by Quantum Monte Carlo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electronic properties of the oxygen molecule, in its singlet and triplet states, and of many small oxygen-containing radicals and anions have important roles in different fields of Chemistry, Biology and Atmospheric Science. Nevertheless, the electronic structure of such species is a challenge for ab-initio computational approaches because of the difficulties to correctly describe the statical and dynamical correlation effects in presence of one or more unpaired electrons. Only the highest-level quantum chemical approaches can yield reliable characterizations of their molecular properties, such as binding energies, equilibrium structures, molecular vibrations, charge distribution and polarizabilities. In this work we use the variational Monte Carlo (VMC) and the lattice regularized Monte Carlo (LRDMC) methods to investigate the equilibrium geometries and molecular properties of oxygen and oxygen reactive species. Quantum Monte Carlo methods are used in combination with the Jastrow Antisymmetrized Geminal Power (JAGP) wave function ansatz, which has been recently shown to effectively describe the statical and dynamical correlation of different molecular systems. In particular we have studied the oxygen molecule, the superoxide anion, the nitric oxide radical and anion, the hydroxyl and hydroperoxyl radicals and their corresponding anions, and the hydrotrioxyl radical. Overall, the methodology was able to correctly describe the geometrical and electronic properties of these systems, through compact but fully-optimised basis sets and with a computational cost which scales as $N^3-N^4$, where $N$ is the number of electrons. This work is therefore opening the way to the accurate study of the energetics and of the reactivity of large and complex oxygen species by first principles.

Andrea Zen; Bernhardt L. Trout; Leonardo Guidoni

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

393

Small Town Using Wind Power to Offset Electricity Costs | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Town Using Wind Power to Offset Electricity Costs Town Using Wind Power to Offset Electricity Costs Small Town Using Wind Power to Offset Electricity Costs September 8, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis Kevin Craft Carmen, Oklahoma, is not your average small town. It was the first recipient of an Energy Efficiency and Conservation block grant - and the small town of 412 is using that Recovery Act funding to cut costs through wind energy. Through a $242,500 Recovery Act grant, town officials purchased four 5 kW and one 10 kW wind turbines. Officials are using wind energy to offset electricity costs for all town-owned buildings and save an estimated $24,000 a year. According to Therese Kephart, Carmen's town clerk and treasurer, the goal of the project is to produce enough electricity to run all town-owned buildings.

394

Decompression cooling system operation for HTS power cable in the KEPCO power grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 3-phase 22.9 kV/50 MVA 410 m HTS power cable system was installed at power grid of KEPCO and had been operated for 20 months. In the HTS cable system an open type cooling system was constructed for cooling LN2 using as coolant for superconducting cable. The cooling capacity of the cooling system was 6 kW at 69 K. Subcooled LN2 flew thorough 410 m HTS cable maintaining 69 K of operating temperature for HTS cable. The electric load had fluctuated continuously with the load status so that the cooling state was also controlled to keep stable operating condition. The consumed LN2 used for making subcooled state was refilled periodically and the amount was 3 tons in average. During all the operating period the HTS cable system supplied electric power stably without any problem.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

United Power - Renewable Energy Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United Power - Renewable Energy Rebate Program United Power - Renewable Energy Rebate Program United Power - Renewable Energy Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate PV: 2,250 Wind: 1,500 Solar Water Heating: 1,000 Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount PV: 0.75/W Wind: 0.50/W Solar Water Heating: 25/MBtu Provider United Power United Power is providing rebates to their customers for the purchase of photovoltaic (PV), wind, and solar water heating systems. These incentives are separate from the rebates provided by the Colorado Governor's Energy Office and require separate applications. PV and wind systems must be grid-connected. Systems up to 25 kW in capacity may be installed, but

396

Rocky Mountain Power - Energy FinAnswer | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rocky Mountain Power - Energy FinAnswer Rocky Mountain Power - Energy FinAnswer Rocky Mountain Power - Energy FinAnswer < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Other Maximum Rebate Retrofit: 50% of eligible measure cost Lighting Energy Savings Limit: 50%-75% of savings Program Info State Utah Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount 0.12/kWh annual energy savings + 50/kW average monthly on-peak demand savings Provider Rocky Mountain Power Rocky Mountain Power's Energy FinAnswer program provides cash incentives to help its commercial and industrial customers improve the efficiency of their existing facilities and build new facilities that are significantly

397

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach: How Do I Get Wind Power?  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Education Education Printable Version Bookmark and Share Learn About Wind About Wind Power Locating Wind Power Getting Wind Power Installed Wind Capacity Wind for Schools Project Collegiate Wind Competition School Project Locations Education & Training Programs Curricula & Teaching Materials Resources How do I get Wind Power? Learn how you can own, partner with, host, and support wind power. Construct A Wind Project On Your Own Land There are wind turbines designed for everyone from residential homeowners to utilities, and from private to corporate use. Small wind turbines can be bought with cash, and commercial-scale projects can be financed. To learn more about small projects, such as those for a home or ranch or business that are less than or equal to 100 kilowatts (kW), see the small wind

398

Murray City Power - Net Metering Pilot Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Murray City Power - Net Metering Pilot Program Murray City Power - Net Metering Pilot Program Murray City Power - Net Metering Pilot Program < Back Eligibility Commercial General Public/Consumer Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Water Wind Program Info State Utah Program Type Net Metering Provider Murray City Power Under a pilot program, Murray City Power offers net metering to customers that generate electricity using photovoltaic (PV), wind-electric or hydroelectric systems with a maximum capacity of 10 kilowatts (kW).* The utility will install and maintain a revenue meter capable of registering the bi-directional flow of electricity at the customer's facility. Any customer net excess generation (NEG) is carried over to the customer's next bill as a kilowatt-hour credit. Each April, any remaining NEG credits are

399

NREL: Wind Research - Mariah Power's Windspire Wind Turbine Testing and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mariah Power's Windspire Wind Turbine Testing and Results Mariah Power's Windspire Wind Turbine Testing and Results A video of Mariah Power's Windspire wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL tested Mariah Power's Windspire Giromill small wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) through January 14, 2009 when NREL terminated its testing. Read a chronology of events and letter from Mariah Power to NREL. The Windspire is a 1.2-kilowatt (kW) vertical-axis small wind turbine. The turbine tower is 9.1 meters tall, and its rotor area is 1.2 by 6.1 meters. The turbine has a permanent-magnet generator with a single-phase output at 120 volts AC. Testing Summary Testing was terminated January 14, 2009. Published test reports include

400

Internal neutronics-temperature coupling in Serpent 2 - Reactivity differences resulting from choice of material property correlations  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the unique way of simultaneously solving the power and temperature distributions of a nuclear system with the Monte Carlo neutron transport code Serpent 2. The coupled solution is achieved through the implementation of an internal temperature solver and material property correlations in the code. The program structure is reviewed concerning the temperature solver and the internal correlations as well as the internal coupling between these two and the neutron transport part. To estimate the reactivity differences resulting from correlation choices a simple pin-cell case has been calculated. It is established, that some correlation choices may result in difference in reactivity of approximately 100 pcm. (authors)

Valtavirta, V. [VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, P.O. Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT (Finland)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

TVA - Green Power Providers | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kentucky Kentucky Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount $1,000 upon installation Years 1-10: retail electric rate + premium payment Years 11-20: retail electric rate '''''Note: TVA has approved enough applications to meet the MW goals for this program for 2013, and is no longer accepting applications. However, based on current project completion rates, TVA expects 2.5 MW of reserved capacity to come available in August due to reserved projects not meeting their six-month completion deadline. Of this total, 0.5 MW will be reserved for Fast Track projects less than 10 kW. Applications will be accepted starting August 1, 2013. ''''' Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) and participating power distributors of TVA power offer a performance-based incentive program to homeowners and

402

TVA - Green Power Providers | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mississippi Mississippi Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount $1,000 upon installation Years 1-10: retail electric rate + premium payment Years 11-20: retail electric rate '''''Note: TVA has approved enough applications to meet the MW goals for this program for 2013, and is no longer accepting applications. However, based on current project completion rates, TVA expects 2.5 MW of reserved capacity to come available in August due to reserved projects not meeting their six-month completion deadline. Of this total, 0.5 MW will be reserved for Fast Track projects less than 10 kW. Applications will be accepted starting August 1, 2013. ''''' Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) and participating power distributors of TVA power offer a performance-based incentive program to homeowners and

403

TVA - Green Power Providers | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tennessee Tennessee Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount $1,000 upon installation Years 1-10: retail electric rate + premium payment Years 11-20: retail electric rate Provider Tennessee Valley Authority '''''Note: TVA has approved enough applications to meet the MW goals for this program for 2013, and is no longer accepting applications. However, based on current project completion rates, TVA expects 2.5 MW of reserved capacity to come available in August due to reserved projects not meeting their six-month completion deadline. Of this total, 0.5 MW will be reserved for Fast Track projects less than 10 kW. Applications will be accepted starting August 1, 2013. ''''' Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) and participating power distributors of TVA power offer a performance-based incentive program to homeowners and

404

Clean Coal Power Initiative Round 3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CARBON STORAGE PROGRAM INFRASTRUCTURE ANNUAL REVIEW MEETING, November 15-17, 2011 CARBON STORAGE PROGRAM INFRASTRUCTURE ANNUAL REVIEW MEETING, November 15-17, 2011 Carbon Storage in DOE/NETL Major Demonstrations Gary J. Stiegel Director, Major Projects Division Office of Major Demonstrations 2 DOE's Coal RD&D Investment Strategy Commercial Readiness RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Core Coal and Power Systems R&D DOE - FE - NETL TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION Clean Coal Power Initiative Stimulus Activities DOE - FE - NETL FINANCIAL INCENTIVES Tax Credits Loan Guarantees DOE - LGO - IRS TECHNOLOGIES & BEST PRACTICES < 10% increase COE with CCS (pre-combustion) < 35% increase COE with CCS (post- and oxy-combustion) < $400/kW fuel cell systems (2002 $) > 50% plant efficiency, up to 60% with fuel cells > 90% CO

405

TVA - Green Power Providers | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Virginia Virginia Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount $1,000 upon installation Years 1-10: retail electric rate + premium payment Years 11-20: retail electric rate '''''Note: TVA has approved enough applications to meet the MW goals for this program for 2013, and is no longer accepting applications. However, based on current project completion rates, TVA expects 2.5 MW of reserved capacity to come available in August due to reserved projects not meeting their six-month completion deadline. Of this total, 0.5 MW will be reserved for Fast Track projects less than 10 kW. Applications will be accepted starting August 1, 2013. ''''' Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) and participating power distributors of TVA power offer a performance-based incentive program to homeowners and

406

TVA - Green Power Providers | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Georgia Georgia Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount $1,000 upon installation Years 1-10: retail electric rate + premium payment Years 11-20: retail electric rate '''''Note: TVA has approved enough applications to meet the MW goals for this program for 2013, and is no longer accepting applications. However, based on current project completion rates, TVA expects 2.5 MW of reserved capacity to come available in August due to reserved projects not meeting their six-month completion deadline. Of this total, 0.5 MW will be reserved for Fast Track projects less than 10 kW. Applications will be accepted starting August 1, 2013. ''''' Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) and participating power distributors of TVA power offer a performance-based incentive program to homeowners and

407

Chemical-looping combustion of solid fuels in a 10kW reactor system using natural minerals as oxygen carrier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Chemical-looping combustion (CLC) is an unmixed combustion concept where fuel and combustion air are kept separate by means of an oxygen carrier, and the CO2 capture is inherently achieved. This work presents findings from a continuously operated 10kW pilot for solid fuels. Using petcoke as fuel, the following oxygen carriers are compared: (a) ilmenite, (b) ilmenite + lime, (c) manganese ore, and (d) manganese ore + lime. Compared to ilmenite, the use of manganese ore as oxygen carrier greatly enhanced the rate of gasification. By adding lime particles to the Mn ore, performance improved further. The addition of lime to ilmenite had a small beneficial effect on gas conversion and char gasification rate.

Carl Linderholm; Anders Lyngfelt; Cristina Dueso

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Progress on the Construction of the 100 MeV / 100 kW Electron Linac for the NSC KIPT Neutron Source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IHEP, China is constructing a 100 MeV / 100 kW electron Linac for NSC KIPT, Ukraine. This linac will be used as the driver of a neutron source based on a subcritical assembly. In 2012, the injector part of the accelerator was pre-installed as a testing facility in the experimental hall #2 of IHEP. The injector beam and key hardware testing results were met the design goal. Recently, the injector testing facility was disassembled and all of the components for the whole accelerator have been shipped to Ukraine from China by ocean shipping. The installation of the whole machine in KIPT will be started in June, 2013. The construction progress, the design and testing results of the injector beam and key hardware are presented.

Yun-Long, Chi; Guo-Xi, Pei; Shu-Hong, Wang; Jian-She, Cao; Mi, Hou; Wei-Bin, Liu; Zu-Sheng, Zhou; Feng-Li, Zhao; Rong, Liu; Xiang-Cheng, Kong; Jing-Xia, Zhao; Chang-Dong, Deng; Hong, Song; Jin-Tong, Liu; Xu-Wen, Dai; Jun-Hui, Yue; Qi, Yang; Da-Yong, He; Xiang, He; Qi, Le; Xiao-Ping, Li; Lin, Wang; Xiang-Jian, Wang; Hui-Zhou, Ma; Xiao-Yan, Zhao; Yan-Feng, Sui; Hai-Sheng, Guo; Chuang-Xin, Ma; Jian-Bing, Zhao; Peng, Chen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Wind Power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind Power As the accompanying map of New Mexico shows, the best wind power generation potential near WIPP is along the Delaware Mountain ridge line of the southern Guadalupe...

410

Reactive sticking coefficients of silane on silicon  

SciTech Connect

Reactive sticking coefficients (RSCs) were measured for silane and disilane on polycrystalline silicon for a wide range of temperature and flux (pressure) conditions. The data were obtained from deposition rate measurements using molecular beam scattering and a very low pressure cold wall reactor. The RSCs have non-Arrhenius temperature dependences and decreases with increasing flux at low (710/sup 0/) temperatures. A simple model involving dissociative adsorption of silane is consistent with these results. The results are compared with previous studies of the SiH/sub 4//Si(s) reaction.

Buss, R.J.; Ho, P.; Breiland, W.G.; Coltrin, M.E.

1988-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

Cellular-automaton model for reactive systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method for constructing a variety of probabilistic lattice-gas cellular automata for chemically reacting systems is described. The microscopic reactive dynamics give rise to a general fourth-order polynomial rate law for the average particle density. The reduction of the microdynamical equations to a discrete or continuous Boltzmann equation is presented. Connection between the linearized Boltzmann equations and a reaction-diffusion macroscopic equation is discussed. As an example of the general formalism a set of cellular automata rules that yield the Schlgl phenomenological model is constructed. Simulation results are presented.

David Dab; Anna Lawniczak; Jean-Pierre Boon; Raymond Kapral

1990-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

412

Theoretical and Experimental Evaluation of Chemical Reactivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

released and the rate of energy released for a specific reactive chemical. 2.1 DSC DSC is a popular screening tool (safe and fast) and can provide an overall indication of exothermic activity of the chemical being tested. In a DSC, a sample and a... endothermic or exothermic reaction. When the rate of heat generation in the sample exceeds a particular value, the heat supply to the sample is cut off and this additional heat gain is attributed to exothermic activity within the sample.17 From the DSC...

Wang, Qingsheng

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

413

Preparation of reactive beta-dicalcium silicate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to the preparation of fine particles of reactive beta-dicalcium silicate by means of a solid state process which comprises firing a mixture of calcium sulfate, silica and a reducing additive selected from the group consisting of calcium sulfide, carbon, carbon monoxide, methane and hydrogen, at a temperature of about 850.degree.-1000.degree. C. A carrier gas such as nitrogen or carbon dioxide may also be added, if desired. A high concentration of sulfur dioxide is a by-product of this process.

Shen, Ming-Shing (Laramie, WY, NJ); Chen, James M. (Rahway, NJ); Yang, Ralph T. (Amherst, NY)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

IAEA sodium void reactivity benchmark calculations  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, the IAEA-1 992 ``Benchmark Calculation of Sodium Void Reactivity Effect in Fast Reactor Core`` problem is evaluated. The proposed design is a large axially heterogeneous oxide-fueled fast reactor as described in Section 2; the core utilizes a sodium plenum above the core to enhance leakage effects. The calculation methods used in this benchmark evaluation are described in Section 3. In Section 4, the calculated core performance results for the benchmark reactor model are presented; and in Section 5, the influence of steel and interstitial sodium heterogeneity effects is estimated.

Hill, R.N.; Finck, P.J.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

IAEA sodium void reactivity benchmark calculations  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, the IAEA-1 992 Benchmark Calculation of Sodium Void Reactivity Effect in Fast Reactor Core'' problem is evaluated. The proposed design is a large axially heterogeneous oxide-fueled fast reactor as described in Section 2; the core utilizes a sodium plenum above the core to enhance leakage effects. The calculation methods used in this benchmark evaluation are described in Section 3. In Section 4, the calculated core performance results for the benchmark reactor model are presented; and in Section 5, the influence of steel and interstitial sodium heterogeneity effects is estimated.

Hill, R.N.; Finck, P.J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Reactivation and operation of the large six-tesla CFFF superconducting magnet  

SciTech Connect

The second MHD superconducting magnet system constructed at the Argonne National Laboratory, originally intended for use in the coal-fired plasma MHD power generation program, has been in storage at Argonne since its assembly and short-term testing a decade ago. At that time it was energized for only a few days and then decommissioned. The magnet, a 6-T dipole having an effective length of 300 cm and a tapered warm bore of 80 to 100 cm, has recently been reactivated and put into service for sea water MHD propulsion research. This report describes the technical aspects of the reactivation process, as well as the operational characterization of the reconstituted system.

Hill, D.; Libera, J.; Petrick, M.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Reactivation and operation of the large six-tesla CFFF superconducting magnet  

SciTech Connect

The second MHD superconducting magnet system constructed at the Argonne National Laboratory, originally intended for use in the coal-fired plasma MHD power generation program, has been in storage at Argonne since its assembly and short-term testing a decade ago. At that time it was energized for only a few days and then decommissioned. The magnet, a 6-T dipole having an effective length of 300 cm and a tapered warm bore of 80 to 100 cm, has recently been reactivated and put into service for sea water MHD propulsion research. This report describes the technical aspects of the reactivation process, as well as the operational characterization of the reconstituted system.

Hill, D.; Libera, J.; Petrick, M.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Challenges in the Theoretical Description of Nanoparticle Reactivity: Nano Zero-Valent Iron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The reactivity of iron atoms, clusters and nanoparticles (nZVI) is of increasing interest owing to their important practical applications, ranging from the steel industry to water remediation technologies. Here, we provide an overview of computational methods and models that can be applied to study nZVI reactions and discuss their benefits and limitations. We also report current progress in calculations through recent examples treating the reactivity of nZVI particles. Finally, we consider the potential use of highly accurate methods with favorable scaling (such as quantum Monte Carlo or random phase approximation), which are currently considered too computationally expensive but are expected to become more amenable in the future as computer power increases.

Karlick, Frantiek

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Nuclear Powers Benefits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear Powers Benefits ... Using nuclear power in place of fossil-fuel energy sources, such as coal, has prevented some 1.8 million air-pollution-related deaths and 64 gigatons of carbon emissions globally over the past four decades, a study concludes. ... These estimates suggest policymakers should continue to rely on and expand nuclear power in place of fossil fuels to mitigate climate change, the authors say (Environ. ...

MARK SCHROPE

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

420

Effects of Heat on the Infecting, Antibody-Absorbing, and Interfering Powers of Vaccinia Virus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...antibody-reactive power of the virus, which...et al. (1957) on foot-and-mouth disease...the plaque- forming power of vaccinia virus...the introduction for foot-and-mouth disease...superior interfering power. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...Inactivation of foot-and- mouth disease...

G. J. Galasso; D. G. Sharp

1965-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Determinationof the power transfer capacityof a UPFCwith considerationof the system and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transmission system (FACTS) devices provide new altematives in expanding the power transmission capacity inverters are interconnected via the DC link provided by a DC storage capacitor. The real power can flow reactive power at its own AC terminals. The series inverter injects onto the line voltage an AC voltage Vr

Qu, Zhihua

422

Atmospheric reactivity of gaseous dimethyl sulfate  

SciTech Connect

The atmospheric reactivity of dimethyl sulfate (DMS) with a series of atmospheric species has been investigated. Upper limits to the rate constants for the homogeneous gas-phase reactions of DMS with O{sub 3}, NH{sub 3}, and H{sub 2}O have been determined by using FTIR spectroscopy and are <1.4 {times} 10{sup {minus}21}, <1.5 {times} 10{sup {minus}21}, and <1.1 {times} 10{sup {minus}23} cm{sup 3} molecule{sup {minus}1} s{sup {minus}1}, respectively. The reactivity of DMS toward ON radicals and Cl atoms has been determined by using relative rate techniques, and the rate constants for those reactions are <5 {times} 10{sup {minus}13} and (4.2 {plus minus} 0.5) {times} 10{sup {minus}13} cm{sup 3} molecule{sup {minus}1} s{sup {minus}1}, respectively. These rate constants correspond to atmospheric lifetimes ranging from >23 days with respect to reaction with OH radicals to >33 years with respect to reaction with ozone. With the possible exception of its reaction with water, for which the calculated lifetime of DMS is >2 days, these results indicate that the atmospheric fate of DMS is not determined by its homogeneous gas-phase reactions with any of the atmosphere species studied.

Japar, S.M.; Wallington, T.J.; Andino, J.M.; Ball, J.C. (Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, MI (USA))

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

... 99 DISCUSSION FOR ANCILLARY SERVICE - SCHEDULING, SYSTEM CONTROL AND DISPATCH SERVICE AND REACTIVE SUPPLY AND VOLTAGE CONTROL...

424

Measurement of VOC reactivities using a photochemical flow reactor  

SciTech Connect

A commercial ambient air monitoring instrument, the Airtrak 2000, has been modified for use as a photochemical flow reactor and used to measure the absolute and incremental reactivity of 18 single test VOCs and the incremental reactivity of six multicomponent VOC mixtures. A flow technique is a useful supplement to traditional static chamber experiments. The static chamber technique involves periodic sampling of an irradiated mixture in a photochemical chamber. Under these conditions, the irradiated mixture is always in transition. Using a flow system, a steady-state condition is established within the flow reactor that is representative, in this case, of the early stages of the smog forming process in the atmosphere. The measurement technique also allows changes in the background chamber reactivity to be monitored and taken into account. The incremental reactivity of 13 of the 18 test compounds measured is compared with previously reported results from a static chamber experiment, and the two data sets are generally in good agreement. The additivity of reactivity was tested by measuring the incremental reactivity of six multicomponent mixtures, the components being compounds measured individually in this study. The measured reactivity of a mixture was compared to that calculated from the sum of the measured reactivity of the mixture`s individual components. The results show that reactivity is additive for the concentration range studied.

Hurley, M.D.; Chang, T.Y.; Japar, S.M.; Wallington, T.J. [Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, MI (United States). Ford Research Lab.] [Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, MI (United States). Ford Research Lab.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Reactive Dehydration technology for Production of Fuels and Chemicals...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Catalytic and Reactive Distillation) for compact, inexpensive production of biomass-based chemicals from complex aqueous mixtures. SeparationPurification of Biomass...

426

Airborne measurement of OH reactivity during INTEX-B  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plus OH sign), reactiv- propane ing different gases gases atisoprene (plus sign), propane (star) and propene (triangle).NMHC includes ethane, ethene, propane, propene, i-butane, n-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Reactive Landing of Peptide Ions on Self-Assembled Monolayer...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

were characterized ex situ using time of flight-secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) and infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRRAS). We demonstrate that reactive...

428

Probing the structure and reactivity of gaseous ions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Studying ions in the gas phase provides the opportunity to observe their intrinsic structure and reactivity without extraneous perturbations such as solvent effects, aggregation or (more)

Meyer, Matthew Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Monitoring Single Molecule Reactivity On a Carbon Nanotube  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LETTERS Monitoring Single-Molecule Reactivity on a Carbondevice directly transduces single-molecule attachments andoptical methods in single-molecule research. Compared to

Collins, Philip G

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Physical Organic Chemistry of Reactive Intermediates | The Ames...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physical Organic Chemistry of Reactive Intermediates The Jenks group specializes in physical organic chemistry, the "how" of organic reactions. Much of the work has centered on...

431

Chemical Analysis of Complex Organic Mixtures Using Reactive...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mass Spectrometry. Abstract: Reactive nanospray desorption electrospray ionization (nano-DESI) combined with high-resolution mass spectrometry was utilized for the analysis of...

432

Exploration and Development of Geothermal Power in California | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Exploration and Development of Geothermal Power in California Exploration and Development of Geothermal Power in California Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Exploration and Development of Geothermal Power in California Abstract From 1955 to 1962, approximately 40 wells were drilled in 15 California thermal areas for the purpose of exploring and developing natural steam to utilize for electric power generation. Twenty-four of the wells were drilled in the three areas which at present seem to have the greatest potential for the production of natural steam: The Geysers, Sonoma County; Casa Diablo, Mono County; and the Salton Sea area, Imperial County.Since June 1960, steam from The Geysers thermal area, produced at a rate of approximately 250,000 Ib/hr, has been utilized to operate a 12,500 kw

433

Green Power Network: Community Renewable Energy Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Community Renewable Energy Development Community Renewable Energy Development Community renewable energy development can take many forms, including offering a community renewable energy program, developing a community green power challenge, or developing local renewable projects. Some communities are installing renewable energy on local government facilities. For example, the City of Boulder installed a biomass burner to heat its county jail. Other local governments are installing solar on school buildings or community centers. For more information, see examples of state and local governments that have installed on-site renewable energy systems. Community Renewable Energy Programs Community renewable energy programs allow customers to purchase a share of a renewable system developed in the local community and receive the benefits of the energy that is produced by their share. For example, the Holy Cross Energy solar project in El Jebel, Colorado is an 80 kilowatt (kW) photovoltaic system supported by 18 community participants that purchase shares at an upfront cost of $3.15 per watt ($3,150 per kW) and then receive a credit on their bill each month at a rate of $0.11 per kilowatt-hour.

434

Nuclear Power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear Power ... THIS WEEKS issue contains six letters on nuclear power, a representative sample of the letters C&EN received in response to the editorial, Resist Hysteria, I wrote shortly after the earthquake and tsunami in Japan devastated the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (C&EN, March 21, page 5). ... Four of the six letters take sharp issue with the primary point I made in the editorial, which was that, despite the severity of the situation in Japan, nuclear power remains an essential component of our overall energy mix for the near to mid-term because it will help us avert the worst impacts of global climate disruption. ...

RUDY M. BAUM

2011-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

435

Power LCAT  

SciTech Connect

POWER LCAT is a software tool used to compare elements of efficiency, cost, and environmental effects between different sources of energy.

Drennen, Thomas

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

436

Yakama Power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Administration FROM: J.D. Williams Attorney RE: Initial Comments on Draft Load Following Regional Dialogue Contract Template Dear Mark, Please allow these comments...

437

Power LCAT  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

POWER LCAT is a software tool used to compare elements of efficiency, cost, and environmental effects between different sources of energy.

Drennen, Thomas

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

438

Approach to designing a solar concentrator for small-scale remote power application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A small-scale concentrated solar power (CSP) unit was designed to provide electricity and hot water using an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) for Egypt as part of an undergraduate capstone project. The system was designed for a target power output of 3 kW. It uses parabolic troughs to heat ethylene glycol used as the heat transfer fluid which absorbs heat in the trough collector and transfers it to the working fluid through a heat exchanger. The system consists of 9 parabolic troughs and a total aperture area of 67 m2 providing the required 3 kW of energy to the ORC. One parabolic trough was manufactured to test its thermal efficiency according to ASHRAE standard 93-2003 [Methods of Testing to Determine the Thermal Performance of Solar Collectors (ASHRAE Inc. 1791 Tullie Circle NE Atlanta GA 30329 2003)] and compared it to its calculated value. A simple microcontroller-based system was used to track the sun.

Khaled Metwally; Ahmed Makhlouf; Lamyaa El-Gabry

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Study of the Powerful Nd:YLF Laser Amplifiers for the CTF3 Photoinjectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A high-power neodymium-doped yttrium lithium fluoride (Nd:YLF) mode-locked 1.5-GHz laser currently used to drive the two photoinjectors of the Compact Linear Collider Test Facility project at the European Organization for Nuclear Research is described. A phenomenological characterization of the two powerful Nd:YLF amplifiers is presented and compared with the measurements. The laser system operates in a saturated steady-state mode. This mode provides good shot-to-shot stability with pulse train mean power in the 10 kW range.

Petrarca, M; Luchinin, G; Divall, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Instrumentation @ Catalysis: Reactivity and Structure Group | Chemistry  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Instrumentation Instrumentation The Catalysis Group at BNL is leading research initiatives into the development of new tools and techniques that focus on the characterization of heterogeneous catalytic reactions and catalysts using imaging, spectroscopy and scattering techniques and integrated combinations of them under reaction conditions to unravel the morphology, chemical and structural properties, of catalysts, respectively. These efforts revolve around the use of synchrotron radiation (NSLS), electrons (CFN) and quantum tunneling tools with particular thrusts into imaging, spectroscopy and scattering. Groups Instrumentation(BNL) Three UHV chambers with diverse instrumentation for surface characterization: LEED, UPS, XPS, AES, TPD, ISS, PM-AP-IRRAS, Reactivity Cell. All the systems include ancillary instrumentation such as sputtering guns and metal evaporators. The IRRAS system was retrofitted with an ambient pressure (AP) cell on top of the UHV system. The sample can be prepared and characterized in UHV and then transfer in vacuum to the AP cell.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Review of existing reactive transport software  

SciTech Connect

Simulations of thermal and hydrological evolution following the potential emplacement of a subterranean nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, NV provide data that suggest the inevitability of dependent, simultaneous chemical evolution in this system. These chemical changes will modify significantly both the magnitude and structure of local porosity and permeability; hence, they will have a dynamic feedback effect on the evolving thermal and hydrological regime. Yet, despite this intimate interdependence of transport and chemical processes, a rigorous quantitative analysis of the post- emplacement environment that incorporates this critical feedback mechanism has not been completed to date. As an initial step in this direction, the present document outlines the fundamental chemical and transport processes that must be accounted for in such an analysis, and reviews the inventory of existing software that encodes these processed in explicitly coupled form. A companion report describes the prioritization of specific capabilities that are needed for modeling post-emplacement reactive transport at Yucca Mountain.

Glassley, W., LLNL

1998-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

442

Power Line Calculator for Windows[trademark  

SciTech Connect

The Power Line Calculator (PLC) for Windows [trademark], version 1.0, is a program that describes the electrical characteristics of a transmission or distribution system given user-defined input. This input may consist of a combination of operating currents and phases, symmetric components, power factor, and real or reactive power. The program also allows the user to designate whether currents are present on the system neutral or in the ground. The PLC assumes that any value entered by the user remains fixed (e.g., phase current, power factor), and for underdetermined systems, basic default assumptions are incorporated: the power factor is held at or near 1.0, the net phase current is kept at or near zero, and the phase conductor currents are kept balanced. The program operates through a graphical user interface provided by Microsoft[reg sign] Windows [trademark] (version 3.1 or higher required), and the output is available in both tabular and graphic formats.

Silva, J.M. (Enertech Consultants, Campbell, CA (United States))

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Solar Power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Power Solar Power Project Opportunities Abound in the Region The WIPP site is receives abundant solar energy with 6-7 kWh/sq meter power production potential As the accompanying map of New Mexico shows, the WIPP site enjoys abundant year-round sunshine. With an average solar power production potential of 6-7 kWh/sq meter per day, one exciting project being studied for location at WIPP is a 30-50 MW Solar Power Tower: The American Solar Energy Society (ASES) is is a national trade association promoting solar energy as a clean source of electricity, and provides a comprehensive resource for additional information. DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy is also a comprehensive resource for more information on renewable energy.

444

Power system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A power system includes a prime mover, a transmission, and a fluid coupler having a selectively engageable lockup clutch. The fluid coupler may be drivingly connected between the prime mover and the transmission. Additionally, the power system may include a motor/generator drivingly connected to at least one of the prime mover and the transmission. The power-system may also include power-system controls configured to execute a control method. The control method may include selecting one of a plurality of modes of operation of the power system. Additionally, the control method may include controlling the operating state of the lockup clutch dependent upon the mode of operation selected. The control method may also include controlling the operating state of the motor/generator dependent upon the mode of operation selected.

Hickam, Christopher Dale (Glasford, IL)

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

445

A Learning-Based Approach to Reactive Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Terms--Reactive security, risk management, attack graphs, online learning, adversarial learning, game vulnerability is plugged, CISOs typically perform a cost- benefit analysis to identify which risks to address of reactive strategies in an economic model of the CISO's security cost-benefit trade- offs. Unlike previously

Song, Dawn

446

A Reactive Measurement Framework Mark Allman and Vern Paxson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Reactive Measurement Framework Mark Allman and Vern Paxson International Computer Science Institute Abstract. Often when assessing complex network behavior a single measure- ment is not enough for thinking about "measurement" as a process rather than an event. We introduce reactive measurement (REM

Paxson, Vern

447

Tropospheric Reactive Nitrogen Speciation, Deposition, and Chemistry at Harvard Forest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and absolute contributions of nitric acid (HNO3) and NOx (nitric oxide (NO) + nitrogen dioxide (NO2)) to totalTropospheric Reactive Nitrogen Speciation, Deposition, and Chemistry at Harvard Forest A thesis. Steven C. Wofsy Cassandra Volpe Horii Tropospheric Reactive Nitrogen Speciation, Deposition

448

A Reactive Control Approach for Pipeline Inspection with an AUV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Reactive Control Approach for Pipeline Inspection with an AUV Pedro K. Paim, Bruno Jouvencel and research activities, performing tasks such as survey, inspection of sub-sea pipelines and object recovery of mission. This paper proposes a reactive control approach for pipeline following by a torpedo- like

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

449

From Teleo-Reactive specifications to architectural components: A model-driven approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Teleo-Reactive approach designed by N.J. Nilsson offers a high-level programming model that permits the development of reactive systems, such as robotic vehicles. Teleo-Reactive programs are written in a manner that allows engineers to define the ... Keywords: Component-based software development, Model-driven software development, Reactive systems, Robotics, Teleo-Reactive programs

Pedro SNchez; Diego Alonso; Jos Miguel Morales; Pedro Javier Navarro

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

On the estimation of the unknown reactivity coefficients in a CANDU reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A space-time kinetics based inverse architecture method is suggested to analyze the reactivity variations associated with power excursions in a generic CANDU reactor. It is intended to provide diagnosis tools to gain enhanced control thereby ensuring safe operation of the plant. A methodology for analyzing the data available from the in core flux detectors and extracting the unknown reactivity coefficients is presented. The proposed system uses a reference model in conjunction with an optimal estimator. The reference model is composed of a state space representation of the space-time dynamics of neutron flux in the core, based on modal expansion approximation, and a time domain optimal estimator filter. We investigated three different estimation techniques based on recursive prediction error method (RPEM), dual extended Kalman filter (DEKF), and joint extended Kalman filter (JEKF). We compared their applicability to the estimation of coolant-void dynamic reactivity in loss-of-coolant accident in a CANDU reactor. The state equations also include the characteristics of the detector responses. The thermal hydraulic models were not included in the calculations. Two different types of detectors are considered in this analysis, the over prompt responsive Platinum detector of the reactor shutdown systems, and the under delayed responsive Vanadium detector of the flux mapping system.

Lobat Tayebi; Daryoosh Vashaee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Biodiesel Fuel Property Effects on Particulate Matter Reactivity  

SciTech Connect

Controlling diesel particulate emissions to meet the 2007 U.S. standard requires the use of a diesel particulate filter (DPF). The reactivity of soot, or the carbon fraction of particulate matter, in the DPF and the kinetics of soot oxidation are important in achieving better control of aftertreatment devices. Studies showed that biodiesel in the fuel can increase soot reactivity. This study therefore investigated which biodiesel fuel properties impact reactivity. Three fuel properties of interest included fuel oxygen content and functionality, fuel aromatic content, and the presence of alkali metals. To determine fuel effects on soot reactivity, the performance of a catalyzed DPF was measured with different test fuels through engine testing and thermo-gravimetric analysis. Results showed no dependence on the aromatic content or the presence of alkali metals in the fuel. The presence and form of fuel oxygen was the dominant contributor to faster DPF regeneration times and soot reactivity.

Williams, A.; Black, S.; McCormick, R. L.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Propulsion and service power for New Orleans sternwheelers  

SciTech Connect

The spurt in designing and building casino and show boats for the U. S. inland waterways over the last few years opened up an opportunity for naval architects and marine engineers to work with a variety of imaginative boats. For example, on the newly built Grand Palais and Crescent City Queen, six 1200 r/min generator sets based on Caterpillar 3516TA engines and 1090 kW, 600-V Kato generators provide power to operate paddlewheels, Z-drives, and a complex of equipment. This paper describes the design, layout and electrical equipment and propulsion of the ships.

Clevenger, M.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

High Power RF Tests on WR650 Pre-Stressed Planar Windows  

SciTech Connect

A new planar, ceramic window intended to be used with WR650 waveguide fundamental power couplers at 1300 MHz or 1500 MHz has been developed. It is based on the pre-stressed planar window concept tested in PEP II and LEDA. A test stand that made use of the 100kW CW 1500 MHz RF system in the JLAB FEL was commissioned and used to apply up to 80 kW traveling wave (TW)to the windows. Two different types of RF windows (brazed and diffusion bonded ceramics) with design specification of 50 kW CW in TW mode were successfully tested both as a gas barrier (intended to operate up to 2 psi) and as a vacuum barrier. The vacuum windows were able to maintain UHV quality vacuum and were successfully operated in the 10{sup -9} mbar range. An overview of the pre-stressed power windows, RF test stand, procedures and RF power testing results will be presented.

Stirbet, Mircea [JLAB; Davis, G. Kirk [JLAB; Elliott, Thomas S. [JLAB; King, Larry [JLAB; Powers, Thomas J. [JLAB; Rimmer, Robert A. [JLAB; Walker, Richard L. [JLAB

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Strathclyde powerS ahead  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strathclyde powerS ahead the future of renewable energy SHARING AND ENHANCING RESEARCH Discover the vision of Principal Professor Jim McDonald THE FUTURE OF ENERGY Strathclyde pioneers renewableEdicinE Snapshot the reSearcher Following a decade of environmental research in her native egypt, nabila saleem

Mottram, Nigel

455

Early maturation processes in coal. Part 2: Reactive dynamics simulations using the ReaxFF reactive force field on Morwell Brown coal structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early maturation processes in coal. Part 2: Reactive dynamics simulations using the ReaxFF reactive force field on Morwell Brown coal structures Elodie Salmon a , Adri C.T. van Duin b , François Lorant Brown coal using the ReaxFF reactive force field. We find that these reactive MD simulations

Goddard III, William A.

456

NEW DESIGN OF NEON REFRIGERATOR FOR HTS POWER MACHINES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2007 we developed a prototype refrigerator with a small turbo?expander to provide adequate cooling power (2 kW at 70 K) for HTS (High Temperature Superconductor) power machines. The reverse?Brayton cycle with neon gas as a working fluid was adopted in the refrigerator. The prototype refrigerator does not have enough COP (Coefficient of Performance) for practical HTS applications and the purpose of this study is to research the information required for designing a new neon refrigerator with improved performance. We take the same refrigeration cycle and working fluid as the prototype one adopted but a lower process pressure of 1 MPa/0.5 MPa is chosen instead of 2 MPa/1 MPa. The lower process pressure is required by the turbo?compressor design and the refrigeration process is analyzed by using a newly developed process simulator. Also a heat?exchanger configuration is studied to make the refrigerator size small. The new refrigerator will have a cooling power of 2.5 kW at 65 K and a COP of 0.06 at 80 K.

S. Yoshida; H. Hirai; A. Takaike; M. Hirokawa; Y. Aizawa; Y. Kamioka; H. Okamoto; H. Hayashi; Y. Shiohara

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Power America  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Power America will focus on wide bandgap (WBG) semiconductors - the same materials used in LED light fixtures and many flat screen TVs. The Institute will use $70 million provided by the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Manufacturing Office to support and manage its programs over the next five years. This Institute is one of three new innovation hubs announced by President Obama in his 2013 State of the Union address and part of the National Network for Manufacturing Innovation (NNMI). Power America was formerly called the Next Generation Power Electronics National Manufacturing Innovation Institute.

458

The JLab high power ERL light source  

SciTech Connect

A new THz/IR/UV photon source at Jefferson Lab is the first of a new generation of light sources based on an Energy-Recovered, (superconducting) Linac (ERL). The machine has a 160 MeV electron beam and an average current of 10 mA in 75 MHz repetition rate hundred femtosecond bunches. These electron bunches pass through a magnetic chicane and therefore emit synchrotron radiation. For wavelengths longer than the electron bunch the electrons radiate coherently a broadband THz {approx} half cycle pulse whose average brightness is > 5 orders of magnitude higher than synchrotron IR sources. Previous measurements showed 20 W of average power extracted[1]. The new facility offers simultaneous synchrotron light from the visible through the FIR along with broadband THz production of 100 fs pulses with >200 W of average power. The FELs also provide record-breaking laser power [2]: up to 10 kW of average power in the IR from 1 to 14 microns in 400 fs pulses at up to 74.85 MHz repetition rates and soon will produce similar pulses of 300-1000 nm light at up to 3 kW of average power from the UV FEL. These ultrashort pulses are ideal for maximizing the interaction with material surfaces. The optical beams are Gaussian with nearly perfect beam quality. See www.jlab.org/FEL for details of the operating characteristics; a wide variety of pulse train configurations are feasible from 10 microseconds long at high repetition rates to continuous operation. The THz and IR system has been commissioned. The UV system is to follow in 2005. The light is transported to user laboratories for basic and applied research. Additional lasers synchronized to the FEL are also available. Past activities have included production of carbon nanotubes, studies of vibrational relaxation of interstitial hydrogen in silicon, pulsed laser deposition and ablation, nitriding of metals, and energy flow in proteins. This paper will present the status of the system and discuss some of the discoveries we have made concerning the physics performance, design optimization, and operational limitations of such a first generation high power ERL light source.

G.R. Neil; C. Behre; S.V. Benson; M. Bevins; G. Biallas; J. Boyce; J. Coleman; L.A. Dillon-Townes; D. Douglas; H.F. Dylla; R. Evans; A. Grippo; D. Gruber; J. Gubeli; D. Hardy; C. Hernandez-Garcia; K. Jordan; M.J. Kelley; L. Merminga; J. Mammosser; W. Moore; N. Nishimori; E. Pozdeyev; J. Preble; R. Rimmer; Michelle D. Shinn; T. Siggins; C. Tennant; R. Walker; G.P. Williams and S. Zhang

2005-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

459

Reactive barriers for {sup 137}Cs retention  

SciTech Connect

{sup 137}Cs was dispersed globally by cold war activities and, more recently, by the Chernobyl accident. Engineered extraction of {sup 137}Cs from soils and groundwaters is exceedingly difficult. Because the half life of {sup 137}Cs is only 30.2 years, remediation might be more effective (and less costly) if {sup 137}Cs bioavailability could be demonstrably limited for even a few decades by use of a reactive barrier. Essentially permanent isolation must be demonstrated in those few settings where high nuclear level wastes contaminated the environment with {sup 135}Cs (half life 2.3x10{sup 6} years) in addition to {sup 137}Cs. Clays are potentially a low-cost barrier to Cs movement, though their long-term effectiveness remains untested. To identify optimal clays for Cs retention Cs resorption was measured for five common clays: Wyoming Montmorillonite (SWy-1), Georgia Kaolinites (KGa-1 and KGa-2), Fithian Illite (F-Ill), and K-Metabentonite (K-Mbt). Exchange sites were pre-saturated with 0.16 M CsCl for 14 days and readily exchangeable Cs was removed by a series of LiNO{sub 3} and LiCl washes. Washed clay were then placed into dialysis bags and the Cs release to the deionized water outside the bags measured. Release rates from 75 to 139 days for SWy-1, K-Mbt and F- 111 were similar; 0.017 to 0.021% sorbed Cs released per day. Both kaolinites released Cs more rapidly (0.12 to 0.05% of the sorbed Cs per day). In a second set of experiments, clays were doped for 110 days and subjected to an extreme and prolonged rinsing process. All the clays exhibited some capacity for irreversible Cs uptake so most soils have some limited ability to act as a natural barrier to Cs migration. However, the residual loading was greatest on K-Mbt ({approximately} 0.33 wt% Cs). Thus, this clay would be the optimal material for constructing artificial reactive barriers.

KRUMHANSL,JAMES L.; BRADY,PATRICK V.; ANDERSON,HOWARD L.

2000-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

460

Power Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Projects Power Projects Contact SN Customers Environmental Review-NEPA Operations & Maintenance Planning & Projects Power Marketing Rates You are here: SN Home page > About SNR Power Projects Central Valley: In California's Central Valley, 18 dams create reservoirs that can store 13 million acre-feet of water. The project's 615 miles of canals irrigate an area 400 miles long and 45 miles wide--almost one third of California. Powerplants at the dams have an installed capacity of 2,099 megawatts and provide enough energy for 650,000 people. Transmission lines total about 865 circuit-miles. Washoe: This project in west-central Nevada and east-central California was designed to improve the regulation of runoff from the Truckee and Carson river systems and to provide supplemental irrigation water and drainage, as well as water for municipal, industrial and fishery use. The project's Stampede Powerplant has a maximum capacity of 4 MW.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Power Struggle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Disparate forces such as hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, in the U.S.; the phaseout of nuclear power in Germany; and renewable energy promotion in Europe are conspiring to lessen ... ...

ALEX SCOTT

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

462

Abstract--The optimal power flow (OPF) problem is a critical problem for power generation and is generally non-convex. This  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

voltage lines with voltage magnitudes below 100 kV. Traditionally OPF problem mainly focus on transmission generators to areas in need, the networks' voltages are typically above 100 kV. Distribution networks flow on the line P: vector of active power generations Q: vector of reactive power generations L: loss

Lavaei, Javad

463

Environmental Impacts From the Installation and Operation of Large-scale Solar Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

Large-scale solar power plants are being developed at a rapid rate, and are setting up to use thousands or millions of acres of land globally. The environmental issues related to the installation and operation phases of such facilities have not, so far, been addressed comprehensively in the literature. Here we identify and appraise 32 impacts from these phases, under the themes of land use intensity, human health and well-being, plant and animal life, geohydrological resources, and climate change. Our appraisals assume that electricity generated by new solar power facilities will displace electricity from traditional U.S. generation technologies. Altogether we find 22 of the considered 32 impacts to be beneficial. Of the remaining 10 impacts, 4 are neutral, and 6 require further research before they can be appraised. None of the impacts are negative relative to traditional power generation. We rank the impacts in terms of priority, and find all the high-priority impacts to be beneficial. In quantitative terms, large-scale solar power plants occupy the same or less land per kW h than coal power plant life cycles. Removal of forests to make space for solar power causes CO{sub 2} emissions as high as 36 g CO{sub 2} kW h{sup -1}, which is a significant contribution to the life cycle CO{sub 2} emissions of solar power, but is still low compared to CO{sub 2} emissions from coal-based electricity that are about 1100 g CO{sub 2} kW h{sup -1}.

Fthenakis, V.; Turney, Damon

2011-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

464

Southeast Colorado Power Association - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Southeast Colorado Power Association - Energy Efficiency Rebate Southeast Colorado Power Association - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Southeast Colorado Power Association - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Manufacturing Water Heating Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Water Heater (Fossil Fuel to Electric): $200, plus $25 lifetime warranty bonus Water Heater (Electric to Electric): $1 per gallon, plus $50 six year warranty bonus Refrigerators/Freezers: $50 Clothes Washers: $50 Dishwashers: $40 Motors: $10 per HP Motors (Wiring Assistance): $1.50 per HP Radiant Heater: $4.00 per KW Air-Source Heat Pump: $150 - $175/ton; bonus of $150 for Energy Star rating

465

Omaha Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Omaha Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Omaha Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Omaha Public Power District - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Lighting: $20,000 or up to 20% of cost Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Fluorescent Lighting: $5 - $32/fixture High Intensity Discharge Lighting: $5 - $75/unit Exit Sign: $5/unit LED Lighting: $6 - $55/unit Incandescent: $4 - $8 Lamp Upgrade: $1 - $1.50/unit Custom Lighting Measures: Contact Utility Heat Pump: $50/nominal ton Innovative Energy Efficiency Project: 50% of study cost and $400/kW of peak

466

Lake Country Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Country Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Country Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Lake Country Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Geothermal Heat Pump: $400 per ton Central AC: $30 - $630 Air Source Heat Pumps: $330 - $630 Ductless Air-source Heat Pump: $300 ECM Furnace Motor: $100 Off-Peak ETS Heating System: $25/KW Cycled AC/Heat Pump: $100 Off-Peak Water Heater: $100 - $200 Heat Pump Water Heater: $200 Refrigerator/Freezer: $75 (with recycling of old appliance) CFL: $1 per bulb LED holiday lights: $3 per strand

467

Estes Park Light and Power Department - Commercial and Industrial Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estes Park Light and Power Department - Commercial and Industrial Estes Park Light and Power Department - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Estes Park Light and Power Department - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Manufacturing Other Construction Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate $50,000 per year Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom Energy Incentive: $0.10 per annual kWh saved Demand Incentive: $500 per kW saved during Summer Peak Period Cooling Efficiency Room AC: $50 - $110/ton, plus $3.50 - $5.00 for each 0.1 above minimum

468

Pacific Power - Energy FinAnswer | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pacific Power - Energy FinAnswer Pacific Power - Energy FinAnswer Pacific Power - Energy FinAnswer < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Other Maximum Rebate Retrofit: 50% of the eligible energy efficiency measure cost Lighting: 50% of savings If incentive brings the simple payback below one year, the incentive is reduced so the simple payback equals one year. Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $0.12/kWh-$0.18/kWh annual energy savings + $50/kW average monthly on-peak demand savings

469

Washington City Power - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Washington City Power - Net Metering Washington City Power - Net Metering Washington City Power - Net Metering < Back Eligibility General Public/Consumer Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Program Info State Utah Program Type Net Metering Provider Washington City Washington City adopted a net-metering program, including interconnection procedures, in January 2008.* Net metering is available to residential and commercial customers that generate electricity using photovoltaic (PV) systems or wind-energy systems up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. At the customer's expense, the municipal utility will provide a single, bidirectional meter to measure the in-flow and out-flow of electricity at the customer's home. Systems are restricted to being sized to provide no more than 120% of the historic maximum monthly energy consumption of the

470

Rocky Mountain Power - Energy FinAnswer | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

70% project cost 70% project cost New Construction: 50% Lighting: 50%-75% of savings Program Info State Wyoming Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $0.15/kWh annual energy savings + $50/kW average monthly demand savings Provider Rocky Mountain Power Rocky Mountain Power's Energy FinAnswer program provides incentives to help its customers improve the efficiency of existing facilities and build new facilities that are significantly more efficient than code. New construction and retrofit projects for all industrial facilities can participate as well as all new commercial projects and commercial retrofits in facilities larger than 20,000 square feet. Rocky Mountain Power will be involved from the beginning of the construction process. They will start by reviewing the facility plans and

471

Otter Tail Power Company - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Otter Tail Power Company - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Otter Tail Power Company - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Otter Tail Power Company - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Maximum Rebate Water Heaters: $5,000 Lighting: over $4,500 must be preapproved Program Info State South Dakota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting (Hard-Wired Systems): $0.20/watt of demand reduction Lighting (Screw-In CFL/LED): $0.05/watt of demand reduction Motors: $20 - $3,000 Air Source Heat Pumps: $160 Geothermal Heat Pumps: $350 Water Heaters: $150 - $300; or $20/kw Thermal Storage: $20 - $40

472

Alexandria Light and Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alexandria Light and Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Alexandria Light and Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Alexandria Light and Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Manufacturing Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Home Weatherization Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate All Incentives: Limited to 75% of total project cost Custom Program: $100,000 per calendar year per customer Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Targeted Audit: Varies by building type and size Lighting (New Construction): Varies widely Lighting (Existing Buildings): Varies widely Custom Measures: $300 kW; $0.01/kWh; $0.40/Therm

473

Fuel Cell Power Plants Biofuel Case Study - Tulare, CA  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

clean clean Fuel Cell Power Plants Biofuel Case Study - Tulare, CA DOE-NREL Workshop Golden, CO June 11-13, 2012 FuelCell Energy, the FuelCell Energy logo, Direct FuelCell and "DFC" are all registered trademarks (®) of FuelCell Energy, Inc. Integrated Fuel Cell Company 2 Manufacture Sell (direct & via partners) Install Services 1.4 MW plant at a municipal building 2.4 MW plant owned by an Independent power producer 600 kW plant at a food processor 11.2 MW plant - largest fuel cell park in the world Delivering ultra-clean baseload distributed generation globally Growing Market Presence 180 MW installed and in backlog Over 80 Direct FuelCell® plants generating power at more than 50 sites globally Providing:

474

High Power Operation of the JLab IR FEL Driver Accelerator  

SciTech Connect

Operation of the JLab IR Upgrade FEL at CW powers in excess of 10 kW requires sustained production of high electron beam powers by the driver ERL. This in turn demands attention to numerous issues and effects, including: cathode lifetime; control of beamline and RF system vacuum during high current operation; longitudinal space charge; longitudinal and transverse matching of irregular/large volume phase space distributions; halo management; management of remnant dispersive effects; resistive wall, wake-field, and RF heating of beam vacuum chambers; the beam break up instability; the impact of coherent synchrotron radiation (both on beam quality and the performance of laser optics); magnetic component stability and reproducibility; and RF stability and reproducibility. We discuss our experience with these issues and describe the modus vivendi that has evolved during prolonged high current, high power beam and laser operation.

Kevin Beard; Stephen Benson; George Biallas; James Boyce; Donald Bullard; James Coleman; David Douglas; H. Dylla; Richard Evans; Pavel Evtushenko; Christopher Gould; Albert Grippo; Joseph Gubeli; David Hardy; Carlos Hernandez-Garcia; J. Hovater; Kevin Jordan; John Klopf; Rui Li; Steven Moore; George Neil; Benard Poelker; Thomas Powers; Joseph Preble; Robert Rimmer; Daniel Sexton; Michelle D. Shinn; Christopher Tennant; Richard Walker; Gwyn Williams; Shukui Zhang

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Fuel Cell Power Plants Renewable and Waste Fuels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Plants Power Plants Fuel Cell Power Plants Renewable and Waste Fuels DOE-DOD Workshop Washington, DC. January 13, 2011 reliable, efficient, ultra-clean FuelCell Energy, Inc. * Premier developer of stationary fuel Premier developer of stationary fuel cell technology - founded in 1969 * Over 50 installations in North America, Europe, and Asia * Industrial, commercial, utility products products * 300 KW to 50 MW and beyond FuelCell Energy, the FuelCell Energy logo, Direct FuelCell and "DFC" are all registered trademarks (®) of FuelCell Energy, Inc. g Product Line Based on Stack Building Block Cell Package and Stack Four-Stack Module DFC3000 Two 4-Stack Modules 2.8 MW Single-Stack Module Single Stack Module DFC1500 One 4-Stack Module 1.4 MW DFC300

476

Solaren Space Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solaren Space Solar Power Plant Solaren Space Solar Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name Solaren Space Solar Power Plant Facility Solaren Space Solar Sector Solar Facility Type Photovoltaic Developer Solaren Corp Generating Capacity (MW) 200.0200 MW 200,000 kW 200,000,000 W 200,000,000,000 mW 0.2 GW References [1] Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

477

PESC'99, Charleston, South Carolina, June 27 July 1, pp. 393-399. A Multilevel Converter-Based Universal Power Conditioner  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and reactive power compensation. Level usage in the series inverter and parallel inverter is analyzed that the customer can impose on the utility. To meet the objectives detailed in these new premium power agreements- clamped inverter into a universal power conditioner is an enticing prospect. A multilevel universal power

Tolbert, Leon M.

478

Optimal tuning of PI controller using PSO optimization for indirect power control for DFIG based wind turbine with MPPT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, an artificial intelligence method particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is presented for determining the optimal PI controller parameters for the indirect control active and reactive power of...

Youcef Bekakra; Djilani Ben Attous

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Electric Power Industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The first prototype of a floating...wind turbine was constructed in December 2007. A wind turbine with a capacity of 80 kW was installed on an offshore platform within 10.6 nautical miles of the south Italy coast...

Dr. Sergey M. Govorushko

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

The durability of carbon supported Pt nanowire as novel cathode catalyst for a 1.5kW PEMFC stack  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Carbon supported platinum nanowires (PtNW/C) synthesized by a simple and inexpensive template-free methodology has been used for the first time as a cathode catalyst in a 15 cell with an active area of 250cm2, 1.5kW proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) stack. Drive cycle testing along with in-situ and ex-situ accelerated degradation testing (ADT) showed that the PtNW/C catalyst exhibited better durability than commercial Pt/C. After a 420h dynamic drive cycle durability testing, the PEMFC stacks exhibited a performance degradation rate of 14.4% and 17.9% for PtNW/C and commercial Pt/C based cathodes, respectively. It was found that the majority of performance loss was due to degradation of the commercial Pt/C anode materials, resulting from the rapidly changing load frequencies used in the testing protocol, ultimately leading to harsh fuel/air starvation conditions and subsequent Pt nanoparticle growth and agglomeration. Notably, based on post-testing characterization, the structure, electrochemically active surface area (ECSA) and oxygen reduction activity of the PtNW/C cathode catalyst remained unchanged during the drive cycling, indicating its excellent stability under these practical conditions. Conversely, when using commercial Pt/C as a cathode catalyst, significant Pt nanoparticle growth and agglomeration were observed, resulting in the reduced PEMFC stack durability. Therefore, PtNW/C materials are presented as promising replacements to conventional Pt/C as cathode electrocatalysts for PEMFCs, and particularly demonstrate improved stability under the practical conditions encountered for automotive applications.

Bing Li; Drew C. Higgins; Qiangfeng Xiao; Daijun Yang; Cunman Zhng; Mei Cai; Zhongwei Chen; Jianxin Ma

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kw reactive power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Assessment of reactivity transient experiments with high burnup fuel  

SciTech Connect

A few recent experiments aimed at determining the response of high-burnup LWR fuel during a reactivity initiated accident (RIA) have raised concerns that existing failure criteria may be inappropriate for such fuel. In particular, three experiments (SPERT CDC-859, NSRR HBO-1 and CABRI REP Na-1) appear to have resulted in fuel failures at only a fraction of the anticipated enthalpy levels. In evaluating the results of such RIA simulation experiments, however, it is necessary that the following two key considerations be taken into account: (1) Are the experiments representative of conditions that LWR fuel would experience during an in-reactor RIA event? (2) Is the fuel that is being utilized in the tests representative of the present (or anticipated) population of LWR fuel? Conducting experiments under conditions that can not occur in-reactor can trigger response modes that could not take place during in-reactor operation. Similarly, using unrepresentative fuel samples for the tests will produce failure information that is of limited relevance to commercial LWR fuel. This is particularly important for high-burnup fuel since the manner under which the test samples are base-irradiated prior to the test will impact the mechanical properties of the cladding and will therefore affect the RIA response. A good example of this effect can be seen in the results of the SPERT CDC-859 test and in the NSRR JM-4 and JM-5 tests. The conditions under which the fuel used for these tests was fabricated and/or base-irradiated prior to the RIA pulse resulted in the formation of multiple cladding defects in the form of hydride blisters. When this fuel was subjected to the RIA power pulse, it failed by developing multiple cracks that were closely correlated with the locations of the pre-existing hydride blisters. In the case of the JM tests, many of the cracks formed within the blisters themselves and did not propagate beyond the heavily hydrided regions.

Ozer, O.; Yang, R.L.; Rashid, Y.R.; Montgomery, R.O.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Direct power control of shunt active filter using high selectivity filter (HSF) under distorted or unbalanced conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.A. Djaffar) Abstract This paper describes the design of a new configuration of direct power control (DPC inverter voltage vector in order to minimize instantaneous active and reactive power errors using two powers by selecting the optimal switching states of the inverter. Simulation results have proved

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

483

E-Print Network 3.0 - ameliorating reactive oxygen Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

structure and surface relaxation Summary: reactivity of each type of oxygen the adsorption of hydrogen over different oxygen sites is studied. Full... oxygen is the reactive...

484

Pertechnetate (TcO4-) reduction by reactive ferrous iron forms...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

reduction by reactive ferrous iron forms in naturally anoxic, redox transition zone sediments from the Pertechnetate (TcO4-) reduction by reactive ferrous iron forms in naturally...

485

Metal-Pyrrolide Complexes in Three-fold Symmetry: Synthesis, Structure, Reactivity and Magnetism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structure, Reactivity and Magnetism by William Hill Harman AStructure, Reactivity and Magnetism by William Hill Harmanlost time. Dave taught me magnetism and what it takes to win

Harman, William Hill

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Synthesis, characterization, and reactivity studies of iridium complexes bearing the ligand diphenylphosphidoboratabenzene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The synthesis, structure, and reactivity properties of three iridium square planar complexes bearing the anionic phosphine ligand diphenylphosphidoboratabenzene (DPB) are described. Reactivity studies show a rate enhancement ...

Arizpe, Luis (Luis Alfredo)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Aging Enhances the Production of Reactive Oxygen Species andBactericid...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enhances the Production of Reactive Oxygen Species andBactericidal Activity in Peritoneal Macrophages by Aging Enhances the Production of Reactive Oxygen Species andBactericidal...

488

A novel dual stator-winding induction generator system applied in wind power generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel usage of 6/3-phase dual stator-winding induction generator (DWIG) with a static excitation power controller (SEC) as a wind power generator. This generator is composed of a standard squirrel-cage rotor and two sets of winding housed in the stator slots. One is referred to as the 6-phase power winding, and the other is defined as the 3-phase control winding. On the basis of the instantaneous power theory, the control mechanism of DWIG wind power system is analysed, and the control winding flux orientation control strategy is obtained consequently. The simulation and experimental results from a prototype of 18 kW 6/3-phase DWIG wind power system are presented to verify the correctness and feasibility of control strategy, and a desirable performance is implemented.

Bu Feifei; Huang Wenxin; Hu Yuwen; Shi Kai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Power inverters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Power inverters include a frame and a power module. The frame has a sidewall including an opening and defining a fluid passageway. The power module is coupled to the frame over the opening and includes a substrate, die, and an encasement. The substrate includes a first side, a second side, a center, an outer periphery, and an outer edge, and the first side of the substrate comprises a first outer layer including a metal material. The die are positioned in the substrate center and are coupled to the substrate first side. The encasement is molded over the outer periphery on the substrate first side, the substrate second side, and the substrate outer edge and around the die. The encasement, coupled to the substrate, forms a seal with the metal material. The second side of the substrate is positioned to directly contact a fluid flowing through the fluid passageway.

Miller, David H. (Redondo Beach, CA); Korich, Mark D. (Chino Hills, CA); Smith, Gregory S. (Woodland Hills, CA)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

Simulation and characterization of Cylindrical RF cavity with output section coupling for 250 kW CW C-band klystron  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The klystron is a microwave tube capable to produce very high power that find wide use in communication, radar, material processing, particle accelerators and thermonuclear fusion reactors. The RF section has an important role in deciding the RF performance ...

O. S. Lamba; Meenu Kaushik; L. M. Joshi; Rakesh Meena; Debasish Pal; Vishnu Jindal; Priyanka Jangir; Vijay Singh; Sunit Kumar; Depender Kant

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Photo of the Week: Reactive Ion Etching | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reactive Ion Etching Reactive Ion Etching Photo of the Week: Reactive Ion Etching October 17, 2013 - 1:26pm Addthis Have you ever heard of Laue lenses? These multilayer lenses are used to focus high-intensity x-ray beams to show the details of nano material structures. In this photo, the drop-like domes were carved through a process called reactive ion etching, which produced the striped bubbles you see in the Laue lens. The prototype in this image helped scientists perfect the process of creating lenses so precise that scientists are able to focus x-rays to within a single nanometer. | Photo courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory. Have you ever heard of Laue lenses? These multilayer lenses are used to focus high-intensity x-ray beams to show the details of nano material

492

Radiation Chemistry of Ionic Liquids: Reactivity of Primary Species  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Liquids: Reactivity of Primary Species Liquids: Reactivity of Primary Species James F. Wishart In "Ionic Liquids as Green Solvents: Progress and Prospects" Rogers, R. D. and Seddon, K. R. , Eds.; ACS Symp. Ser. 856, Ch. 31, pp. 381-395, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 2003. (ISBN 0-84123-856-1) [Information about the book] Abstract: An understanding of the radiation chemistry of ionic liquids is important for development of their applications in radioactive material processing and for the application of pulse radiolysis techniques to the general study of chemical reactivity in ionic liquids. The distribution of primary radiolytic species and their reactivities determine the yields of ultimate products and the radiation stability of a particular ionic liquid. This chapter introduces some principles of radiation chemistry and the

493

Detoxification of hydrolysate by reactive-extraction for generating biofuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We introduce a reactive extraction to detoxify hydrolysate before fermentation to biofuels. In the selection of diluents, n-octanol showed the highest removal yield of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) and levulini...

Gwi-Taek Jeong; Sung-Koo Kim; Don-Hee Park

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Cooperative Strategies and Reactive Search: A Hybrid Model Proposal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cooperative strategies and reactive search are very promising techniques for solving hard optimization problems, since they reduce human intervention required to set up a method when the resolution of an unknown instance is needed. However, as far as ...

Antonio D. Masegosa; Franco Mascia; David Pelta; Mauro Brunato

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Mechanisms of Photochemistry and Reactive Oxygen Production by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

photosensitizer that produces reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the presence of light; however, its properties medical and environmental contexts as well as the potential applications implied for industrial or water of transferring light energy to chemical oxidation potential in theformof

Alvarez, Pedro J.

496

Reactivity of the Quinone Methide of Butylated hydroxytoluene in Solution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BHT is a common antioxidant in pharmaceutical formulations and when oxidized it forms a quinone methide (QM). QM is a highly reactive electrophilic species which can undergo nucleophilic addition. This research investigated ...

Willcockson, Maren Gulsrud

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

497

The Safe Storage Study for Autocatalytic Reactive Chemicals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB) report, Improving Reactive Hazard Management, there are 37 out of 167 accidents, which occurred in a storage tank or a storage area. This fact demonstrates that thermal runaway...

Liu, Lijun

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

498

Evolution of Memory in Reactive Artificial Neural Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the context of evolution: how reactive agents could have evolved into cognitive ones with internalized memory? This study strives to find an answer to the question by simulating neuroevolution on artificial neural networks, with the hypothesis...

Chung, Ji Ryang

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

499

Reactive Support and Voltage Control Service: Key Issues and Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reactive Support and Voltage Control Service: Key Issues and Challenges George Gross^, Paolo of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA, e-mail gross@uiuc.edu ° Dipartimento di Ingegneria

Gross, George

500

Analytical methods for determining the reactivity of pyrochemical salts  

SciTech Connect

Pyrochemical processes used for the purification of plutonium have generated quantities of residue that contain varying amounts of reactive metals such as potassium, sodium, calcium, and magnesium. These residues are currently considered hazardous and are being managed under RCRA because of the reactivity characteristic. This designation is based solely on process knowledge. Currently there is no approved procedure for determining the reactivity of a solid with water. A method is being developed to rapidly evaluate the reactivity of pyrochemical salts with water by measuring the rate of hydrogen generation. The method was initially tested with a magnesium containing pyrochemical salt. A detection limit of approximately 0.004 g of magnesium was established. A surrogate molten salt extraction residue was also tested. Extrapolation of test data resulted in a hydrogen generation rate of 4.4 mg/(g min).

Phillips, A.G.; Stakebake, J.L.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z