Sample records for kuwait nigeria saudi

  1. al-sulaibiya field kuwait: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Kuwait France Spain I taly Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Turkey Saudi Arabia Kuwait France Spain I taly Mexico Argentina China Kuwait Japan Korea...

  2. The monetary approach to the balance of payments: The case of the oil-based, small, open, developing economies of Libya, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buzakuk, M.R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the determinants of foreign reserves flow in light of the oil-based small open economies of Libya, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia. The period of study encompasses the major oil price increases of the 1970s and early 1980s, which had led to the huge transfers of foreign exchanges towards these, among other, developing economies. The framework of analysis is basically a monetary approach to the balance of payments. This study is of both a theoretical and empirical nature. It utilizes the monetary forces in the domestic money market to derive a basic balance of payments (BOP) equation that explains the monetary nature of the balance of payments. The study found that the data from those countries support the monetary relationships as hypothesized by the monetary approach, especially the negative one-to-one relation between domestic credit (DC) and the BOP. Results from the simultaneous estimations of the BOP and DC reported better estimates than the single-equation model. Findings from the reaction function indicated that the monetary authorities of these oil-based economies were actively sterilizing the effect of foreign reserve flows. Findings supported the integrated market hypothesis in Kuwait and Libya, but not in the Saudi case.

  3. Saudi Arabia Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

  4. Pool Party TheELIWeekly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Dominican Republic Ecuador Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Nigeria Pakistan Qatar Saudi Arabia Senegal

  5. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  6. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  7. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  8. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  9. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  10. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  11. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  12. Saudi Aramco describes crisis oil flow hike

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    On Aug. 2, 1990, Iraqi forces invaded Kuwait and triggered one of the most severe crises in the world's oil supplies since World War II. Within a few days of the invasion, Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports were embargoed, and almost 4.6 million b/d oil of production was removed from world markets. This shortfall amounted to about 20% of total Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries production at the time and could have proven disastrous to the world's industrial and financial well-being. However, there was no disruption to the major economies of the world. This paper reports that the primary reason for the cushioning of this impact was the massive expansion in production undertaken by Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco).

  13. Water demand management in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milutinovic, Milan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kuwait is an arid country located in the Middle East, with limited access to water resources. Yet water demand per capita is much higher than in other countries in the world, estimated to be around 450 L/capita/day. There ...

  14. Essays on the Economics of Environmental Issues: The Environmental Kuznets Curve to Optimal Energy Portfolios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meininger, Aaron G.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jordan Kazakhstan Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Saudi ArabiaJordan Kazakhstan Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Saudi Arabia

  15. Kuwait City, Kuwait: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts andKunshan Henghui NewKuwait City,

  16. The hydrometeorology of Kuwait : characterization and modeling of rainfall distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcella, Marc Pace

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents a comprehensive study on the hydrometeorology of Kuwait. The spatial, seasonal, and inter annual variability of Kuwait rainfall is discussed based on rain gauge and satellite datasets. It is found that ...

  17. Saudi Aramco details 1990 surge in oil production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on Saudi Arabian Oil Co. that has jumped its crude oil production 29% to an average 6,257,600 b/d last year. That was Saudi Arabia's response to Iraq's Aug. 2, 1990, invasion of Kuwait and the ensuing Persian Gulf crisis with its United Nations embargo on Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports. It was Saudi Aramco's biggest average crude oil volume since the 6,327,220 b/d gauged in 1982, according to the company's 1990 annual report. By the end of 1990 Saudi Aramco's maximum sustained production capability was 8.5 million b/d of crude. To meet long term demand, it decided to advance the timetable and increase the scope of a crude oil expansion program adopted in 1989. Reserves at the end of the year were 257.9 billion bbl of crude and 180.5 tcf of dissolved, associated, and non-associated natural gas, compared with 257.5 billion bbl and 180.355 tcf at yearend 1989.

  18. Kuwait Petroleum Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii9969995°,I Jump to:Kumagai Gumi CoKuwait

  19. Analysis of sustainable water supply options for Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murtaugh, Katharine A. (Katharine Ann)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis considers several options for improving the sustainability of Kuwait's water supply system. The country currently relies heavily on desalination and brackish groundwater extraction. The options considered for ...

  20. algeria iraq kuwait: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    164 Redesign of Electrical Installations to Maximize the Use of Photo Voltaic (PV) Cells at the End Use of Consumers in Kuwait Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary:...

  1. Improving Operational Strategies of an Institutional Building in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ragom, F.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Building and Energy Technologies Department (BET) of the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research has pledged to achieve 10% reduction in buildings energy consumption by the year 2005. Working in line with the Kuwaiti government that highly...

  2. Characterizing Surface Temperature and Clarity of Kuwait's Seawaters Using Remotely Sensed Measurements and GIS Analyses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsahli, Mohammad M. M.

    2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Kuwait sea surface temperature (SST) and water clarity are important water characteristics that influence the entire Kuwait coastal ecosystem. The aim of this project was to study the spatial and temporal distributions of ...

  3. Saudi MTBE project revived

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Alujain Corp., a member of the Xenel group of Saudi Arabia, is going ahead with plans to build an 800,000-m.t./year methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) plant. Bechtel has been appointed project manager for the plant, which will be owned by a new company, National Fuel Additives (Tahseen). Bechtel will help evaluate proposals already submitted for the lump sum turnkey job.

  4. The Living Culture of Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biobaku, Saburi O.; Aniakor, Chike A.

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ImK ~IE.W THE uv:rn:; aJLWRE OF NIGERIA edited by Saburi 0 .Lagos: Thanas Nelson (Nigeria) Ltd. , Color Illustrations,86 The Living Cu'lture of Nigeria edited by Professor Saburi

  5. Dictators, democrats, and development in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeVan, Arthur Carl

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Character and Federalism in Nigeria. Ed. Ekeh, Peter P. andas Emergent Power Factor in Nigeria. Ibadan: Heinemann.rule in southeastern Nigeria, 1891- 1929. London: Longman.

  6. Cutaneous cancers in Calabar, Southern Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asuquo, Maurice E; Ebughe, Godwin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Skin cancer in Zaria, Nigeria. Trop Doct 1995; 25(Suppl. ):Malignancies in Kano, Northern Nigeria: A histopathologicalequatorial rain forest of Nigeria. International Journal of

  7. University Governance in Nigeria: Conflict and Accountability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anyanwu, John C.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    University Education 111 Nigeria (Lagos: Nat ionalin Odekunle. F (ed), Nigeria: Corruption in Development (Diamond, L ( 1991), "Nigeria's Search for a New Political

  8. The Cinema in Nigeria by Francoise Balagun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ukadike, Nwachukwu F.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and great efficacy. The Cinema in Nigeria releases a usefulto the fIlm industry of Nigeria. Nwachukwu Frank Ukadikehonor them. The Cinema in Nigeria. Francoise Balogun, Enugu:

  9. Energy sources for Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okoroji, C.E.I.

    1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A public consensus has developed on the need for national energy policies and better planning in the utilization of energy resources in Nigeria. A look at Nigeria's energy future is timely as a period of rapid technological growth and industrial development begins. At the present time, Nigeria exports a relatively high percentage (92%) of the petroleum produced annually. In addition, about 95% of all produced natural gas is flared. Only a relatively minor fraction of the coal produced is used and the rest exported to West African countries. Water power in Nigeria is not yet fully developed. Although the deposits of uranium and oil sand may be substantial, the reserves are not currently known. The proportions in which mineral fuels are used are not related to their relative abundance. Based on present production rates, domestic reserves of petroleum will last 20 years, those of natural gas 63 years, and those of coal 1503 years. Nigeria is not currently and is not likely to become self-sufficient in terms of energy requirements. During the past decade, Nigeria's population has increased by 28.4%. Of vital concern for the immediate future in Nigeria are the demands on energy consumption and mineral resources resulting from increasing population pressure.

  10. State of Kuwait Ministry of Oil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of Kuwait Ministry of Oil

  11. International project finance : the case of Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Jassar, Sulaiman Ahmed

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the record of the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development (KFAED) in light of changing fashions regarding the proper role and management of such funds in the development finance process. The key ...

  12. Implementation of Simple Measures for Savings Water and Energy Consumption in Kuwait Government Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albaharani, H.; Al-Mulla, A.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper gives in details the efforts made by the Public Services Department (PSD) to reduce water and energy consumptions in the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labour's (MOSAL) buildings in Kuwait. PSD manages around 125 buildings distributed...

  13. Social and Economic Challenges of Implementing Sustainable Materials on Buildings in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Foraih, R.; Al-Fahad, F.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of sustainable materials is more challenging as many materials are not available in Kuwait and the surrounding Gulf countries. Transportation from aboard should be decreased as much as possible to reduce cost as well as decreasing negative environmental impacts...

  14. Post-War Writing in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emenyonu, Ernest Nneji

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    no threat to the people of Nigeria who, in a solemn oath ofvisits the right places in Nigeria, the visitor today mayhints of what happened in Nigeria between 1967 and 1970.

  15. The Greening of Capitalist Agriculture in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunmoye, R. Ayo

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Shehu Shagari to the U. S. /Nigeria Joint Agricultural1975, pp. 245-261. 25 Nigeria: lJ'he 'l'hird NationalP. Olinger, "The World Bank in Nigeria," RAPE, No. 13, 1978,

  16. The State and Rural Development in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nwosu, Nereus I.A.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    57. 15central Bank of Nigeria, Annuol Report ond Sl4tementThe Rise and Fall of Nigeria's Second Republic, 1979-84 (Development Programmes in Nigeria: an evaluation of the

  17. Saudi Aramco | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey Jump to:WY)ProjectValley,IsabelSarsia SeedSaudi

  18. Re-examination of the current architectural curriculum at Kuwait University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdullah, Mohammad

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RE-EXAMINATION OF THE CURRENT ARCHITECTURAL CURRICULUM AT KUWAIT UNIVERSITY A Thesis by MOHAMMAD ABDULLAH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 2003 Major Subject: Architecture RE-EXAMINATION OF THE CURRENT ARCHITECTURAL CURRICULUM AT KUWAIT UNIVERSITY A Thesis by MOHAMMAD ABDULLAH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment...

  19. Saudi Aramco Gas Operations Energy Efficiency Program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Dossary, F. S.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi Aramco Gas Operations (GO) created energy efficiency strategies for its 5-year business plan (2011-2015), supported by a unique energy efficiency program, to reduce GO energy intensity by 26% by 2015. The program generated an energy savings...

  20. Saudi Aramco Gas Operations Energy Efficiency Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Dossary, F. S.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi Aramco Gas Operations (GO) created energy efficiency strategies for its 5-year business plan (2011-2015), supported by a unique energy efficiency program, to reduce GO energy intensity by 26% by 2015. The program generated an energy savings...

  1. Saudi arabia to inject funds into ITFC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    "Saudi Arabian will infuse the Islamic Trade Financing Corporation (ITFC) with SR112.5 million ($30 million). The money will come from the General Investment fund." (1 page)

  2. Nigeria`s Escravos gas project starts up

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nwokoma, M. [Chevron Nigeria Ltd., Lekki (Nigeria)

    1998-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Nigeria`s Escravos gas project, Delta state, officially began late last year. The project -- 6,650 b/d of LPG and 1,740 b/d of condensate from 165 MMscfd of gas -- is the first attempt to rid Nigeria of incessant flares that have lit the Delta skies. Operator Chevron Nigeria Ltd. believes that the Escravos project will enable the joint venture to utilize a significant portion of the gas reserves, thus reducing gas flaring. The paper describes the background of the project, the gas fields, transport pipeline, process design, construction, and start-up.

  3. Caliban's Curse: The English Language and Nigeria's Underdevelopment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osundare, Niyi

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of English in Northern Nigeria (1900-1943)," InternationalLanguage Policy in Nigeria 1882-1952," International Journaland Politics in Colonial Nigeria (cambridge: POST, K. W. J.

  4. Imperialism and Underdevelopment in Nigeria: The Dialectics of Mass Poverty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owomero, Basil

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Underdevelopment in Nigeria: The Dialectics of Hassshow the structural sources of Nigeria's underdevelopment.He argues that Nigeria's underdevelopment must be understood

  5. Evaluation of the neighborhood environment walkability scale in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oyeyemi, Adewale L; Sallis, James F; Deforche, Benedicte; Oyeyemi, Adetoyeje Y; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Van Dyck, Delfien

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2008. Federal Republic of Nigeria. Available at: http://44:924–933. 40. National Population Commission of Nigeria:Nigeria Demographics and Health Survey 2003. Calverton, Md:

  6. Nigeria: Mapping the Shari`a Restorationist Movement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lubeck, Paul M

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    through Sharia in Northern Nigeria. London: British Council.Judicial Practice in Nigeria: An Historical Perspective."Fourchard, Laurent. 2005. "Nigeria: A Missionary Nation." In

  7. Environmental factors associated with overweight among adults in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oyeyemi, Adewale L; Adegoke, Babatunde O; Oyeyemi, Adetoyeje Y; Deforche, Benedicte; Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Sallis, James F

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commission (NPC) [Nigeria] and ORC Macro Maryland:activity among adults in Nigeria. Journal of Environmentaloverweight among adults in Nigeria. International Journal of

  8. Return to the Homeland: Travels in Nigeria by Ola Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amankulor, J. Ndukaku

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of America during her visit to Nigeria. The imponant thingshowed that she went to Nigeria having a positive attitudethe Homeland; Travels in Nigeria - No Snakes, No Monkeys, No

  9. Paintball Summer Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    France Iraq Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Netherlands Niger Peru Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Taiwan Thailand

  10. Lake Wauburg Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United

  11. Halloween Birthdays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Korea Kuwait Libya Oman Paraguay Qatar Saudi Arabia Taiwan Turkey UAE Venezuela The Weekly Newsletter

  12. Architecting the Saudi solar manufacturing : using Enterprise Architecture Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsultan, Bassel F. (Bassel Fahad)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The demand for Saudi oil is increasing locally and internationally, and being one of the major oil exporters in the world, the government of Saudi Arabia needs to balance between local consumption and international demand. ...

  13. Le Nigeria sous Obasanjo. Violences et dmocratie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    #12;5 LE DOSSIER Le Nigeria sous Obasanjo. Violences et démocratie Coordonné par Laurent Fourchard Nigeria Au Nigeria, de nombreux journalistes et chercheurs ont associé la réémer- gence de conflits'au Nigeria il soit à peine plus aisé de compter les morts que de recenser les vivants2. La comparaison 1. Je

  14. Economic Adjustment and the Challenges for Higher Education in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godonoo, Prosper

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Available Resources." In Nigeria: the Universities, /heEcooomic Stress: A Case for Nigeria. - In Ukejeet aJ {ed. }in Education: The Case oj Nigeria. Port Harcourt, Nigeria :

  15. Green Classroom: Daylighting-conscious Design for Kuwait Autism Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdullah Al-mohaisen; Omar Khattab

    Consideration to the natural elements, such as daylighting, at the earliest in the architectural design process is suggested by many as necessary for sustainable buildings. The implementation of a successful daylighting strategy in the design of buildings improves spatial quality and saves energy required, otherwise, for artificial lighting. Daylighting becomes a design mandate in the case of certain spaces; e.g. classrooms in educational buildings. Many researchers have indicated a correlation between the way classrooms are designed and students ' performance. This paper discusses a case study of the environmental design of Kuwait Autism Centre that adopted the provision of adequate daylighting in educational spaces as a major design focus. An extensive daylighting evaluation was conducted on all educational facilities of the proposed conceptual design of the centre. The recommendations from the evaluation were implemented in the design development stages. Earlier conceptual design drawings as well as the final designs are described. The paper summarises the daylighting design recommendations and explains the daylighting simulation process and analysis for decision making in design. Additionally it shows the annual energy savings as a result of the daylighting-conscious design of the classrooms.

  16. Taking stock of Saddam's fiery legacy in Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, M.

    1991-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Six months after Saddam Hussein's torching of more than 700 Kuwaiti oil wells, health officials, meteorologists, and environmental experts convened during mid-August in Cambridge, Massachusetts, to assess the impact of the fires. The soot cloud produced by the fires hasn't produced a nuclear winter, nor are the carbon dioxide and other gases released going to have an appreciable effect on global warming, although regional weather changes are possible. So far adverse health effects from the heavy pall of pollution caused by the fires have been surprisingly mild. This isn't to say that premature deaths will not occur, but many scientists had feared much worse. Nevertheless, all researchers concede that the data for this particular conclusion are still preliminary, and they expressed concerns that health problems may worsen in the coming months. Most of the health effects are expected in a region blanketed by a plume of smoke 800 to 1,000 kilometers long. The average concentrations of the primary pollutants it contains, carbon-based particles and sulfur dioxide, are similar to those in any large urban center. Still, the oil fires increase the pollution burden on Kuwait, which already had a problem with particulates in the air, and some epidemiologists expect that the extra pollutants will take their toll.

  17. Everything depends on the Saudis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sauer, J.W. (Conoco Inc., Houston, TX (US))

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that oil markets are at their lowest level in 18 months, since before the Persian Gulf crisis. What is remarkable is that the world oil industry is producing essentially at capacity, yet OPEC shows no sign of taking advantage of this situation to drive up prices. Rather, commodity market forces are quickly exploiting any short-term surplus or shortage, and the oil market is exposed to continuing price volatility. Oil market uncertainties - the return of Iraqi and Kuwaiti production, prospects for exports from former Soviet republics, and the fragility of economic recovery - appear bigger than normal and threaten to oversupply markets in the spring when oil demand declines seasonally. The downward trend in world oil prices that began in November may continue into the second quarter of 1992. However, by the second half an economic recovery may be underway. If that happens, demand should grow and the market firm. At any rate, prices in 1992 may be more stable than commonly expected, because Saudi Arabia does not seem to want prices much above or below 1991 levels. That would be a range of $20 - $21 for WTI.

  18. Seawater can damage Saudi sandstone oil reservoirs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dahab, A.S. (King Saud Univ., Riyadh (SA))

    1990-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiments have shown that formation damage from waterflooding of the Aramco and Alkhafji sandstones of Saudi Arabia will not occur if the salinity of the injected brines is higher than 20% NaCl. Because the connate water in these reservoirs has a high salt content of up to 231,000 ppm, Saudi oil fields are almost always susceptible to formation damage when flooded with seawater (about 38,500 ppm). The productive behavior of a reservoir can be affected by clay crystals developed within rock pores.

  19. NNSA Signs Memorandum with Kuwait to Increase Cooperation on Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Thomas D'Agostino

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On June 23, 2010, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) signed a Memorandum of Cooperation on nuclear safeguards and other nonproliferation topics with the Kuwait National Nuclear Energy Committee (KNNEC). NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino and KNNEC's Secretary General, Dr. Ahmad Bishara, signed the memorandum at a ceremony at U.S. Department of Energy headquarters in Washington.

  20. Shelf circulation patterns off Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rider, Kelly Elizabeth

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    . Because of the limited knowledge of the oceanography of this region, the magnitude and direction of the drift were unexpected, hampering clean up efforts. This lack of information prompted the initiation of a joint industry project (JIP) to gain a... better understanding of the shelf currents offshore Nigeria. The study area defined in the JIP includes the rivers in and near the Niger Delta and the shallow-water region (to approximately 100-m depths) off the coast of Nigeria, roughly extending from...

  1. Sustainable water resources development in Kuwait : an integrated approach with comparative analysis of the case of Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazerali, Nasruddin A

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis assesses the water resource status of Kuwait and Singapore, both countries considered as water scarce. The institutional aspect of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) efforts in both countries is closely ...

  2. Nigeria 2007 Political, Social, and Economic Transitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nigeria 2007 Political, Social, and Economic Transitions 2­4 November 2006 Program of African written will match the ongoing saga of Nigeria, absolutely nothing." -- Wole Soyinka INTERNATIONAL.m. Continental breakfast 9 a.m. "Politics and Literature in Nigeria" Wendy Griswold, Northwestern

  3. Foreign Fishery Developments Nigeria Plans Large

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foreign Fishery Developments Nigeria Plans Large Fishing Fleet Expansion Table 1.-Nigerian fishing reported deliveries. Development Program Nigeria's oil exports have enabled its Government to fInance Africa's most ambitious development program. Nigeria has the largest population of any country in Africa

  4. An examination of the perceived need and recommended body of knowledge for architectural internship programs in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdullah, Mohammad

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    AN EXAMINATION OF THE PERCEIVED NEED AND RECOMMENDED BODY OF KNOWLEDGE FOR ARCHITECTURAL INTERNSHIP PROGRAMS IN KUWAIT A Dissertation by MOHAMMAD ABDULLAH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A... INTERNSHIP PROGRAMS IN KUWAIT A Dissertation by MOHAMMAD ABDULLAH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair...

  5. area saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Saudi Arabia Hotel Industry CiteSeer Summary: Abstract The costs of resources and impacts of waste could obviously affect the revenue, public image and environmental...

  6. Saudi Arabia: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on the Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco), the only operator in the country, that has accelerated its production expansion program aimed at boosting capacity from the current 8.5 million bpd to 10 million bpd. Initially expected to be completed by 1999, it now appears a sustainable 10 million bpd rate may be attainable by 1996. By this time next year, at least nine major onshore projects will have been started as well as five offshore. Included will be development of Hawtah, the initial oil discovery in the Central province south of Riyadh. The program also means significantly increased drilling. In fact, 1991 completions should easily double those of last year.

  7. NASA Remote Sensing Validation Data: Saudi Arabia

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Myers, Daryl R. [NREL; Al-Abbadi, Naif [King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Energy Research Institite; Wilcox, Steve [NREL

    Since 1995, the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have co-operated to establish a 12 station network of high quality solar radiation monitoring installations across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. NREL and KACST realized the value of accurate surface solar radiation flux measurements for validation of satellite derived surface and atmospheric solar radiation flux measurements, and is making this data available to support validation of satellite data products related to the NASA Mission to Planet Earth component of the Earth Science Enterprise Earth Observing System (EOS) project to evaluate long term climate trends based on measuements from EOS Terra Platforms. A CIMEL 8 channel sunphotometer for measuring aerosol optical depth at 6 wavelengths and total column water has been deployed at the Solar Village station since February 24, 1999. [Taken from http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/new_data/Saudi_Arabia/

  8. The Context of Film Production in Nigeria: The Colonial Heritage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okome, Onookome

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Folklori c Cinema in Nigeria" ( PhD Diuertation, Uni"policy in independent Nigeria has been the entrenchment of aCONTEXT OF FILM PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA: THE COLONIAL HERITAGE

  9. Democracy and the Performance of Power: Observations from Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ochonu, Moses

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Confession," The G11ardia11 (Nigeria) June 11. Foucault,2002. "Abuse of Democracy," ThisDay (Nigeria) Nov. 26, 2001.Power: Observations from Nigeria Moses Ochonu Abstract Since

  10. The Currency of Revolution in Southern Nigeria: 1880-1948

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ibekwe Ofonagoro, Walter

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    144Ibid, p. 609. 145British rule in Nigeria ended in 1960.Revolution in South-West Nigeria in the Late Nineteenththe Historical Soceity of Nigeria, Vol. 2, No. 1, Dec. 1960,

  11. The Character of Popular Indigenous Cinema in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okome, Onookome

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    269. Ekwuazi, Hyginus. Film In Nigeria. Jos: Nigerian FilmOF POPULAR INDIGENOUS CINEMA IN NIGERIA I Onookome Okome Theindigenous film of Nigeria must be seen and discussed within

  12. The Political Economy of Health Care Problems in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ityavyar, Dennis A.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the comparison between Nigeria and Tanzania are taken from:and Economic Changes in Nigeria and the Organization ofOF HEALTH CARE PROBLEMS IN NIGERIA by Dennis A. Ityavyar The

  13. The Currency Revolution in Southern Nigeria 1880-1948

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ibekwe Ofonagoro, Walter

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    144Ibid, p. 609. 145British rule in Nigeria ended in 1960.Revolution in South-West Nigeria in the Late Nineteenththe Historical Soceity of Nigeria, Vol. 2, No. 1, Dec. 1960,

  14. Nigeria: Mapping the Shari`a Restorationist Movement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lubeck, Paul M

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the significance of Nigeria's energy sector. The UnitedU.S. Department of Energy. 2009. "Nigeria." http://energy security zone, one expected to supply 25 percent of American imports by 2025, with Nigeria

  15. Emission factors for particles, elemental carbon, and trace gases from the Kuwait oil fires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laursen, K.K.; Ferek, R.J.; Hobbs, P.V. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Rasmussen, R.A. [Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology, Beaverton, OR (United States)

    1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Emission factors are presented for particles, elemental carbon (i.e., soot), total organic carbon in particles and vapor, and for various trace gases from the 1991 Kuwait oil fires. Particle emissions accounted for {approximately} 2% of the fuel burned. In general, soot emission factors were substantially lower than those used in recent {open_quotes}nuclear winter{close_quotes} calculations. Differences in the emissions and appearances of some of the individual fires are discussed. Carbon budget data for the composite plumes from the Kuwait fires are summarized; most of the burned carbon in the plumes was in the form of CO{sub 2}. Fluxes are presented for several combustion products. 26 refs., 1 fig., 5 tabs.

  16. Saudi production capacity climbing to 10 million b/d

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi Arabia this year is completing its expansion of production capacity and developing recent discoveries to enhance export flexibility. The 3 million b/d capacity expansion to 10 million b/d, announced in 1989, is on target for completion by year end 1994. Most of the effort involves restoration of mothballed production equipment and installation of several gas-oil separation plants (GOSPs) in existing fields. But Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) also this year will start up production of extra-light oil from a new field in the central part of the kingdom. Start-up of Hawtah area production demonstrates success of an oil search Aramco began after receiving exclusive exploration rights to nearly all of Saudi Arabia's prospective area in 1986. From new fields and traditional producing areas, therefore, Saudi Arabia has the potential to expand production capacity beyond 10 million b/d. The paper describes the development of the extra capacity.

  17. Exploration gaps exist in Nigeria`s prolific delta

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, D. [Thomas and Associates, Hastings (United Kingdom)

    1995-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Niger delta region of the Republic of Nigeria is Africa`s largest oil producing area. It is clear that Nigeria will continue to contribute significantly to world petroleum production well into the 21st century: with increases in recoverable oil reserves in the Niger delta onshore and offshore; the promising potential of the Niger delta deepwater region; and a lesser but not insignificant contribution from the unexplored onshore Benue trough, part of the mid-African rift system, which has already proved to hold substantial oil reserves in the Doba basin of neighboring Chad. This is the first of five parts on Nigeria`s oil and gas potential. The later articles deal with Niger delta oil reserves and production, Niger delta gas reserves, the delta`s deepwater region, and the Benue trough and onshore cretaceous rift basins. This article deals with the geologic setting of the Niger delta-Benue trough region, the synrift deposits, marine sedimentation, margin evolution, geologic strata and reservoirs, reservoir character, structure and traps, hydrocarbon types, geotemperatures, and source rock quality.

  18. Some dry season plants recommended as edible vegetables in Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taiga, AKPOVUGHAYE Dr.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    vegetables cultivated in Nigeria are: cabbage, lettuce,Community in Kogi State, Nigeria, there are inadequateGovernment Area, Kogi State, Nigeria. Each of the fresh

  19. Perceived crime and traffic safety is related to physical activity among adults in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oyeyemi, Adewale L; Adegoke, Babatunde O; Sallis, James F; Oyeyemi, Adetoyeje Y; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    census. Federal republic of Nigeria: 2008. [http://Commission (NPC) [Nigeria] and ORC Macro. Maryland:of the Hausa version in Nigeria. BMC Med Res Methodol 2011,

  20. Artifacts as Social Conflict Resolution Mechanism in Traditional Urhobo Society of Nigeria's Niger Delta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diakparomre, Abel Mac

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    State University in Abraka, Nigeria. He has a Master of FineNiger Delta region of Nigeria. Bibliography Aweto, Albertand Socialization Processes in Nigeria. ” Ethiope Research:

  1. Adjustment, Political Transition, and the Organization of Military Power in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ihonvbere, Julius O.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Cambridge Universities in Nigeria, Lagos. May 1990. 44future after NOTES 1 "Nigeria: Taming the Army," AfricanPhillips, Economic Impact of Nigeria's Structural Adjustment

  2. Economic Crisis, Structural Adjustment, and Prospects for Political Stability in Nigeria's Third Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okolie, Andrew C.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (MAN) has consistentlyand Underdevelopment in Nigeria." in Julius lhonvbere (Capllllllsm and Crisis in Nigeria (Benin City: Jodah

  3. The Dancing History Collection: Cultural Dances, Part 1. Chapter 4: Nigeria, Olokun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beck, Jill

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Dance. Owerri, Nigeria: AP Publications, cl993. Okwori,of the Idoma. Zaria, Nigeria: Instances Communicationsp. 355, ex. 53 lb. Nigeria 139 Deviation from the path. See

  4. Incidence of Negative Appendectomy: Experience From a Company Hospital in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osime, O C; Ajayi, P A

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From a Company Hospital in Nigeria OC Osime, FMCS, FICSHospital Benin City, Nigeria ABSTRACT Objective: The aim ofin a company hospital in Nigeria. Background: Appendicitis

  5. Women and Elections in Nigeria: Some Empirical Evidence from the December 1991 Elections in Enugu State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ibeanu, Okechukwu

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Prebendal Politics in Nigeria (Cambridge: CambridgeGovernment Elections in Nigeria, Vol. 1, Lagos: NationalPolitical Participation in Nigeria," in Steady, F. (ed. ).

  6. Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump638324°, -122.0230146° Show MapSasolSatlujSaudi

  7. Nigeria: Energy for sustainable development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eleri, E.O. [Fridtjof Nansen Inst., Oslo (Norway)

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Though an essentially contested concept, it is safe to acknowledge that the attainment of sustainable development requires that the growth and well-being of present generations are brought about in such ways that the ability of future people to meet their own needs will not be compromised. The availability of safe and sound energy as a factor of production is a key element in such a development process. Despite the abundance of energy resources, acute shortages of energy services have become endemic in Nigeria. This paper reassesses the common proposition that energy has fueled growth and development in Nigeria by its role as the chief source of state revenue and through its input into economic activities in the country. It is argued here, however, that conventional energy management in Nigeria has tended to create development flaws of its own. The article is divided into six sections: 1st, a general account of the energy and development linkages in Nigeria; 2nd, the failures of these linkages are assessed; 3rd, policy initiatives are considered that would be reconcilable to the nation`s sustainable development; 4th, the present reform agenda, its inadequacies and barriers are surveyed; 5th, the achievement of sustainable development, it is argued, will demand the re-institutionalization of the political economy of the energy sector in Nigeria, which will depend largely on the resolution of the dilemmas and conflicts in the country`s broader political and economic reforms; and 6th, an outlook is suggested for future policy development.

  8. Improving fractionation lowers butane sulfur level at Saudi gas plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harruff, L.G.; Martinie, G.D.; Rahman, A. [Saudi Arabian Oil Co., Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1998-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Increasing the debutanizer reflux/feed ratio to improve fractionation at an eastern Saudi Arabian NGL plant reduced high sulfur in the butane product. The sulfur resulted from dimethyl sulfide (DMS) contamination in the feed stream from an offshore crude-oil reservoir in the northern Arabian Gulf. The contamination is limited to two northeastern offshore gas-oil separation plants operated by Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) and, therefore, cannot be transported to facilities outside the Eastern Province. Two technically acceptable solutions for removing this contaminant were investigated: 13X molecular-sieve adsorption of the DMS and increased fractionation efficiency. The latter would force DMS into the debutanizer bottoms.

  9. Application of Well-Based Surrogate Reservoir Models (SRMs) to Two Offshore Fields in Saudi Arabia, Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    ., Jim Liu, Saudi Aramco, Razi Gaskari, and Mohammad Maysami, Intelligent Solutions, Inc., and Olugbenga Olukoko, Saudi Aramco Copyright 2012, Society of Petroleum Engineers This paper was prepared

  10. Support for court-yard houses : Riyad, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbar, Jamel A

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this report is to explore the application of the support concept in the Saudi Arabian context, as a result of the author's interest in the concept of user participation. To do so, the following steps were ...

  11. The Perceived Role of Literacy and its Attendant Problems in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godonoo, Prosper

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    History of Education in Nigeria (London: Allen and Unwin,p. 67. I3Federal Republic of Nigeria, National Policy onEducatio n A ny Futu re in Nigeria? (Benin City, Nigeria:

  12. MEW Efforts in Reducing Electricity and Water Consumption in Government and Private Sectors in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Tayar, I.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ,154 Achievements from Energy Audit Program Building Year Peak Power Reduction (%) Energy Saving (%) MEW and MPW buildings in South Surra 2004 38 20 Public Authority for Civil Information 2004 5 12 Al-Fanar Shopping Mall 2004 15 8 Peak Power Reduction...W. ? In 1949, the first power generation plant was established in Merghab with a total capacity of 60 kW. ? In 1951, Kuwait established the General Department of Electricity and then the Ministry of Electricity & Water in 1961. ? < 1925 - rain water...

  13. Quick View Table 1: Enrollment by Degree or Program Type Intensive English (INTO OSU)1142 INTO OSU 1142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    Count 109 Kuwait Cultural Office56 Sultanate Of Oman Count84 Saudi Arabia ARAMCO31 Iran Count 77 Libyan

  14. Aramco gears for mature saudi production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bleakley, W.B.

    1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aramco is encountering the condition of maturing production in some of its prolific fields. A new Exploration and Petroleum Engineering Center and other modern facilities will assist Aramco engineers in solving problems of water production, artificial lift, fluid injection, and others associated with normal reservoir depletion. The Aramco producing operation in Saudi Arabia is in 2 main parts--northern and southern. Reservoirs in the northern part (largely off shore) are generally sandstone, while those to the south are carbonate. The current trend is to produce fields according to reserves, which still gives Ghawar field a huge edge. However, offshore fields are being developed to increase production of medium to heavy crude to replace light from Ghawar to reach the goal of balanced production and reserves. Most of the older fields are under water injection to increase oil recovery. Permeabilities are high, and peripheral patterns are used, with injection wells safely outside the oil-water contacts.

  15. Implementation of Smart Operation Strategies for Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems for Ministries Complex in the State of Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Mulla, A.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Al-Nakib, D.; Ishaqali, H.

    The smart operation strategies were implemented for Air-Conditioning (A/C) and lighting systems to reduce the national load at Ministries Complex (MC) in the state of Kuwait. The A/C system in MC is a district cooling system that comprises of 8...

  16. Popular Diplomacy in an Autocracy – Public Opinion and Foreign Policy Decision-Making under the Military in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ojieh, Chukwuemeka

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Affairs with Macmillan Nigeria Publishers, 1986), 46. 5 Ole15 Jide Oluwajuyitan, Nigeria under The Generals (Lagos:v. 16 Tunde Babawale, Nigeria in the Crises of Governance

  17. A.E. Opubor and O.E. Nwuneli, The Development and Growth of the Film Industry in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cham, Mbye B.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and cultural imperialism in Nigeria and Africa today.dominate the film market in Nigeria in spite of politicaloriented film industry in Nigeria. Mbye B. Cham Associate ~

  18. Household catastrophic payments for tuberculosis care in Nigeria: incidence, determinants, and policy implications for universal health coverage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ukwaja, Kingsley; Alobu, Isaac; Abimbola, Seye; Hopewell, Philip

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for tuberculosis care in Nigeria: incidence, determinants,Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. 2 National TuberculosisAbakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. 3 National Primary Health

  19. Niger Delta play types, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akinpelu, A.O. [Chevron Nigeria Limited, Lagos (Nigeria)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exploration databases can be more valuable when sorted by play type. Play specific databases provide a system to organize E & P data used in evaluating the range of values of parameters for reserve estimation and risk assessment. It is important both in focusing the knowledge base and in orienting research effort. A play in this context is any unique combination of trap, reservoir and source properties with the right dynamics of migration and preservation that results in hydrocarbon accumulation. This definitions helps us to discriminate the subtle differences found with these accumulation settings. About 20 play types were identified around the Niger Delta oil province in Nigeria. These are grouped into three parts: (1) The proven plays-constituting the bulk of exploration prospects in Nigeria today. (2) The unproven or semi-proven plays usually with some successes recorded in a few tries but where knowledge is still inadequate. (3) The unproven or analogous play concept. These are untested but geologically sound ideas which may or may not have been tried elsewhere. With classification and sub grouping of these play types into specific databases, intrinsic attributes and uniqueness of each of them with respect to the four major risk elements and the eight parameters for reserve estimation can be better understood.

  20. Nigeria: after crude, the gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Misinterpretation of the laws of the marketplace have already brought Nigeria to the brink of a catastrophe in 1978, when the government had built up heavy stocks expecting a substantial increase in price. When it did not materialize and the production had to be dropped to 50% of the previous rate, in a country where crude constitutes 90% of the export revenues, the system was changed. The new plan is intended to reduce the dependence of Nigeria on oil exports. The production rate is set at between 2.2 and 2.5 million bpd. Due to a significant increase in domestic demand, the 2 existing refineries cannot fill the gap; 2 more refineries are planned. There also are substantial gas reserves; the associated gas, now flared, is to be recovered. A gas liquefaction plant also is in operation, with one-half of the output going to Europe and one-half to the US. Some of the oil and gas is earmarked for local petrochemical plants.

  1. Appraisal of the energy policy in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ngoka, N.I.

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a major oil producing and exporting country, Nigeria has acquired huge wealth from this resource. This has given rise to the purchase of energy consuming devices for households use and rapid industrialization. All these demand energy and assist in the improvement of the standard of living of the inhabitants. This paper examines Nigeria's energy problems and the policy which the government has adopted to solve them.

  2. Petroleum prices and profits in the 90 days following the invasion of Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the third in the past 20 years the world has experienced an interruption in the flow of oil from the Persian Gulf. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990, and shut down of Kuwait oil production capacity followed by the United Nations boycott of Iraqi oil removed 8 percent of the world's oil supply. The result was a sharp increase in the process of crude oil and petroleum products. These events raised numerous questions about the performance of energy markets and energy firms. This report supplies a first answer for some of those questions. At the time this report was prepared the invasion has been in effect for 90 days. Not all the data is available to fully answer every question. Some issues can only be completely resolved after more time has passed in which the invasion and its effects have had an opportunity to be fully assimilated. This report was specifically requested by W. Henson Moore, Deputy Secretary of Energy as a way of supplying the American public with what could be said about the current situation. Rumors abound and mixconceptions have proliferated. This report strives to give a proper perspective on some of the more vexing issues which the invasion produced. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) has addressed many questions in this report. By the way of summary these are the 10 most most frequently asked questions and EIA's quick answers. The page references tell the reader where to look in the report for further explanation. These are not the only issues addressed and EIA hopes that readers will be able to satisfy their curiosity about their own questions within the pages of this report.

  3. The Lessons of the Military Coup in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Horace

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    n uf l abour . The i ss ue o f Nigeria sho ws that nei t herThE' fifth . n 1tary co up tn Nigeria on December 31. 1983African workers frQIII Nigeria , giving solace to racists

  4. SUSTAINABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT (An Overview of Nigeria Experience)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coles, Cynthia

    SUSTAINABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT (An Overview of Nigeria Experience) By Asapo, E. S. (PhD) 20th Development. The Nigeria Experience. Conclusion. #12;Development that meets the needs of present generations, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania and Uganda projected to increase

  5. INFORMATION NOTE United Nations/Nigeria Workshop on Space Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glass, Ian S.

    1 INFORMATION NOTE United Nations/Nigeria Workshop on Space Law "Meeting international responsibilities and addressing domestic needs" Hosted by the Government of Nigeria 21-24 November 2005 Abuja, Nigeria Background Given the growing number of benefits derived from the use of space applications

  6. REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE ON BASIC EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    June 2014 REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE ON BASIC EDUCATION IN NIGERIA Issues of access, quality, equity and impact Sara Humphreys with Lee Crawfurd #12;Review of the literature on basic education in Nigeria EDOREN ­ Education Data, Research and Evaluation in Nigeria i Acknowledgements Thanks are due to many individuals who

  7. STRATEGIC REVIEW OF THE SEXUAL TRANSMISSION PREVENTION PROGRAM IN NIGERIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Ophir

    STRATEGIC REVIEW OF THE SEXUAL TRANSMISSION PREVENTION PROGRAM IN NIGERIA Data Analysis Prevention Technical Working Group (TWG) in Nigeria, in dialogue with the Office of the Global AIDS prevention program in Nigeria. Specifically, the following needs were agreed: to evaluate the effectiveness

  8. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE IN THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Zaid, Ahmad Abdulaziz

    2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    , Companies Act's provisions which describe the function, effect, scope and what they fall short of by themselves and/or within other rules forming the system of corporate governance in Saudi Arabia. In addition, there has been little to no treatment...

  9. KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

    Rocks By Dr. Sidqi A. Abu-Khamsin Professor, Department of Petroleum Engineering © Copyright by Dr;1. INTRODUCTION 1.1: The nature of petroleum All chemical compounds found in nature are classified as eitherKING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Basic Properties of Reservoir

  10. Nigeria`s oil production behavior: Tests of alternative hypotheses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Awokuse, T.O.; Jones, C.T.

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The sudden quadrupling of world oil prices in 1973-1974 marked the beginning of several formal inquiries by economists into the production behavior of members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Interest in the organization was further heightened in 1979 when nominal oil prices further doubled. However, oil market analysts have differed in their evaluation of OPEC`s role in the determination of world oil prices. Most energy economists have modeled OPEC as a cartel. Morris Adelman has suggested that OPEC`s true nature lies somewhere between two polar cases of a dominant-firm industry and an imperfect, market-sharing cartel. In the former case, one large, dominant firm (i.e., Saudi Arabia) serves as the {open_quotes}swing producer,{close_quotes} allowing other cartel members and non-OPEC oil producers to produce whatever they wished, controlling the market price by itself through its own output adjustments. The latter case of an imperfect market-sharing cartel is a loose collusive arrangement in which all members agree on an acceptable price level and individual output shares for each producer. Adelman believes that OPEC wobbles between these two cases, depending upon market conditions.

  11. ENROLLED WSU INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 1 Albania 1 35 Jamaica 2 69 Saudi Arabia 75

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Republic 1 53 New Zealand 2 87 United Arab Emirates 6 20 Dominican Republic 3 54 Nigeria 5 88 United

  12. Ethnicity, petroeconomy, and national integration in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yeri-Obidake, E.Z.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Among several related phenomena, this study presents as its focal points the examination of some of the variables that influence and shape the structure of sociopolitical, cultural and socioeconomic relations in the course of national integration in Nigeria. The exploitation of petroleum resources since 1958 in the Niger Delta has largely influenced the course of the political as well as the socioeconomic development of Nigeria. Due to its rich petroleum resources, the Rivers territory ranked high in the political calculus of both the Federal Government and secessionist Biafra. The central thesis of this study is that oil is the single glue that has held the Federation of Nigeria together in the last two decades, and prevented it from being balkanized. This study attempts to put into perspective the various eruptions and episodes of secessionist tendencies and agitations in Nigeria. The ebb and flow of separatist agitations seem to reflect the changing geoeconomic, socioeconomic, and sociopolitical environment of the country. Should the petroeconomy collapse, and/or oil losses its significance in the international economy, what will happen to Nigeria as a nation. The present study points up the need to develop other sources of economic interdependence via the proper utilization of the enormous oil revenues before it is written off as a lost opportunity.

  13. Potential Savings for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENAS modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENASCote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria, and Senegal, which togetherGhana Million m 2 GWh Nigeria Senegal Source: BUENAS 2008

  14. Distribution of Aspergillus section Flavi in soils of maize fields in three agroecological zones of Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotty, Peter J.

    of Nigeria Matthias Donner a , Joseph Atehnkeng b,c , Richard A. Sikora a , Ranajit Bandyopadhyay b , Peter J, Nigeria c Department of Crop Protection and Environmental Biology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria d USDA

  15. Nigeria: The Political Economy of the Bourgeois Restoration by Siddique Mohammed and Tony Edoh, Eds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iweriebor, Ehiedu E.F.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mohammed and Tony Edoh (eds). Nigeria: The Political EconomyBello University, Zaria, Nigeria in November 1983. It waswhich is sui generis to Nigeria. Analysts can then go on to

  16. The Challenge of Democratization in Nigeria: Involvement or Alienation of the Military

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amadife, Emmanuel N.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    71108. 20x.arry Diamond. "Nigeria in Search of Democracy,"Impending Demise of Nigeria's Forthcoming Third Republic,"system that has governed Nigeria for the most part since

  17. With McLuhan in Nigeria, Item I: An Eye for an Ear?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinner, Joseph

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    has just r eturned from a year of field work in Nigeria . atpp. 112-113. Coleman, Nigeria, pp. 113-114. W.H. Whiteley, AEducation in Northern Nigeria, (lbadan, 1966), p. 101. See

  18. Skin cancer in albinos at the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asuquo, M E; Otei, O O; Omotoso, J; Bassey, E E

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Okoro AN. Albinism in Nigeria. A clinical and social study.Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria M E Asuquo 1 , O O OteiHospital, Calabar, Nigeria. mauefas@yahoo.com Abstract We

  19. Oral Field Techniques and Women's History: The Case of Owan Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ogbomo, Onaiwu W.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TIlE CASE OF OWAN. NIGERIA Onaiwu W. Ogbomo Following theof Owan Communities, Nigeria c.1320-1900: Ph.D ThesisGovernment Anas) of Edo Swe, Nigeria. wan lies between the

  20. The Radical Alternative and the Dilemma of the Intellectual Dramatist in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Layiwola, Dele

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ogunbiyi, ed. , Drama and Theater in Nigeria: A CriticalSource Book (Lagos: Nigeria Magazine, 1981), pp. 333-353.theater uoupes in Western Nigeria. The former is famous for

  1. Nigeria`s rich resources for renewable energies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ayankoya, J.O.

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been observed in Nigeria, that there is a correlation between the standard of living as measured by per capita GNP, and per capita energy consumption. As energy use per capita is tied to the importance of population increase it tends to drop during economic slow down. The per capita energy usage is put at 0.2 kw compared to 10 kw for USA and 4 kw for Europe respectively. Furthermore, analysis shows with the increase in population per year and a 2--5% growth in per capita GNP, require an increase of 5--8% in energy supply per year. The Country derives almost all its energy need from fossil fuels (petroleum, gas and coal), hydropower (the only renewable energy used for generating electricity at present) Wood, Animal, Human power and Wind. With the introduction of solar energy, wind energy, micro hydro power, ocean energy, geothermal energy, biomass conversion, and municipal waste energy, the generating of electricity is bound to take a new turn.

  2. Nigeria's internal petroleum problems: perspectives and choices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iwayemi, A.

    1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil-producing Nigeria has been hard hit by weakening oil markets, the replacement of the civilian government by a military regime, and sporadic but severe energy supply problems. The latter included shortages of petroleum products and irregular availability of electricity. These conditions will worsen unless Nigeria takes immediate action to introduce demand management, including efficient pricing and other conservation measures, and timely investment to expand domestic energy facilities, change the institutional and policy environment, and assure the availability of imported supplies. It is also important to encourage the development of renewable energy sources. 16 references, 2 tables.

  3. Potential Savings for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENAS modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sector. Nigeria has a low reported energy consumption forNigeria Senegal Source: BUENAS 2008 and IEA for Industry Module 2: Unit Energy

  4. Nigeria: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that Middle East events have renewed interest in Nigeria's proven and potentially productive oil basins and fueled an upsurge in exploration and production activity. Increased oil revenues during the Gulf crisis were a bonus that will help pay for projects to boost production. Official goals are to increase production from current levels to 2.2 million bopd by the end of 1991 and 2.5 million bopd by 1995, and to raise reserves to 22 billion bbl by 1995. Shell, the largest operator, will spend $6.6 billion over five years on exploration and production to up its capacity from 1 million bopd to 1.3 million bopd, primarily with a $750-million investment for four new fields in South Forcados permit. Shell also announced reserve estimates of 400 million bbl of crude and 500 Bcf of gas for the Gharan structure onshore in Rivers State north of Yenogoa. Initial discovery was in January 1967, but the field was considered to be gas until Gbaran 4 was drilled in May 1990.

  5. Gas custody measurement accuracy improved in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, I. (Saudi Arabian Oil Co., Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1994-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    To comply with new and more accurate gas measurement standards, Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) modified software for existing flow computers and installed an on-line gas chromatograph for measuring natural gas and ethane-rich gas sales. For gases of varying composition (e.g., ethane-rich gas), a knowledge of the pressure, volume, and temperature (PVT) relationship is required for determining supercompressibility factors. The BWR-Starling equation of state was determined to best represent ethane-rich gas properties and is programmed in the new flow computers. The paper discusses gas sales, previous installations, previous calculations, revised calculations, application to ethane-rich gas, the orifice-flow constant, and field modifications of computers.

  6. Democratic Transition and Political Violence in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obadare, Ebenezer

    1999-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Des temps coloniaux à nos jours, l'activité politique a toujours été accompagnée d'un certain niveau de violence au Nigeria. Les deux tentatives d'instauration de la démocratie civile durant la première et seconde républiques se sont soldées par un...

  7. Can the Non-pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment (NASG) reduce adverse maternal outcomes from postpartum hemorrhage? Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hemorrhage? Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria. Reproductivehemorrhage? Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria Mohammed Mourad-in Nigeria and two in Egypt between 2004-2008. Entry

  8. AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES

  9. Pacific Northwest Laboratory Gulfstream I measurements of the Kuwait oil-fire plume, July--August 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busness, K M; Hales, J M; Hannigan, R V; Thorp, J M; Tomich, S D; Warren, M J [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Al-Sunaid, A A [Saudi ARAMCO, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia); Daum, P H; Mazurek, M [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1991, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted a series of aircraft measurements to determine pollutant and radiative properties of the smoke plume from oil fires in Kuwait. This work was sponsored by the US Department emanating of Energy, in cooperation with several other agencies as part of an extensive effort coordinated by the World Meteorological Organization, to obtain a comprehensive data set to assess the characteristics of the plume and its environmental impact. This report describes field measurement activities and introduces the various data collected, but provides only limited analyses of these data. Results of further data analyses will be presented in subsequent open-literature publications.

  10. Application of Surrogate Reservoir Model (SRM) to an Onshore Green Field in Saudi Arabia; Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    Aramco, Razi Gaskari and Mohammad Maysami, Intelligent Solutions, Inc. and Olugbenga A. Olukoko, Saudi Aramco Copyright 2012, Society of Petroleum Engineers This paper was prepared for presentation field using Saudi Aramco's in-house POWERSTM simulator. The geological model that serves

  11. Influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of soils in eastern Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of soils in eastern Saudi Arabia Shahid Azam Saudi Arabia. Mineralogical evolution and engineering behaviour of such soils are governed by local investigations, this paper discusses the influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of expansive clay

  12. abuja northern nigeria: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Deployment of Fixed Wireless Access in South West Nigeria: Performance and Evaluation CERN Preprints Summary: Fixed Wireless Access (FWA) involves the use of wireless...

  13. Comparative analysis of Nigerian international oil marketing model (NIOMM) and the models of four selected OPEC members; and a proposed new model for Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Udeke, O.O.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study demonstrates that NIOMM has deficiencies and, as a result, has affected the progress of Nigeria's political and socio-economic development. One finding is that Nigeria is beset with ineffective planning, lack of marketing expertise, and inadequate marketing strategies. Other findings show that: (1) the Nigerian oil industry (HOI) is suffering from mismanagement stemming from corruption, tribalism, Federal Character Policy, and lack of dedication and patriotism by the Nigerian workers; (2) there is inefficiency in the Nigerian national petroleum corporation (NNPC) but, at the same time, the inefficiency is partly because of the government policies, conflicts, interference by high government officials and politicians, and the enormous size of the oil industry; (3) oil revenues are improperly utilized; (4) neither the multinational oil corporations (MNOCs) nor multinational corporations (MNCs) are assisting the oil producing nations (OPNs) or developing countries (DCs) in their economic development, and MNOCs and MNCs are interested in profit maximization; and (5) MNCs do not transfer the type of technology that meets the needs of DCs, and sometimes the technology creates problems for DCs which ultimately results into conflicts between MNCs and DCs. The inverse of these problems has been a sine qua non for success in the IOMMs of the four OPEC member, especially in Saudi Arabia.

  14. Nigeria to step up tar sands activity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nigerian government has directed its Ministry of Mines, Power and Steel to assume responsibility for the exploration and exploitation of tar sands deposits in Bendel, Ondo and Oyo States. The directive resulted from a survey report by the University of Ife's geological consultancy unit on bituminous sand deposits in the area. The statement said the government was satisfied that there were large commercial quantities of the sands in the three states. The survey had reported that Nigeria could recover between 31 and 40 billion barrels of heavy crude from the tar sand deposits. Exploration for hydrocarbons is currently going on in Anambra and Lake Chad basins as well as the Benue Trough. Apart from the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation, Shell Petroleum and Gulf Oil have begun exploration activities in the Ondo area. Meanwhile, Nigeria has had to import heavy crude from Venezuela, for processing at the Kaduna refinery.

  15. Oyo-first field Deepwater Nigeria?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lilletveit, R.; Nelson, L. [The Statoil and BP Alliance, Stavanger (Norway); Osahon, G. [Allied Energy Resources (Nig) Ltd., Lagos (Nigeria)

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Oyo-1 well was drilled in 3Q95 in OPL 210. The partners in the block are Allied Energy (Operator) and the Statoil and BP Alliance. This well was the first well drilled in Deepwater Nigeria and is a reported hydrocarbon discovery. Although the well was within the Niger Delta depositional system, the deepwater play types drilled were quite different than anything previously tested on the Nigerian shelf or onshore. One year on, some of the questions to be asked are: (1) What did Oyo-1 discover? (2) What has been done to establish the commerciality, or otherwise, of the hydrocarbon pools encountered? (3) What impact does this discovery have on other prospects identified in the deepwater area? The answer to these questions will help to identify whether a new hydrocarbon province in the deepwater Nigeria area can be developed, or not.

  16. Aspects of tar sands development in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adewusi, V.A. (Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Obafemi Awolowo Univ., Ile-Ife (NG))

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Development of Nigerian massive reserves of crude bitumen and associated heavy oil is imminent in view of the impacts that the huge importation of these materials and their products have on the nation's economy, coupled with the depleting reserves of Nigeria and highlights the appropriate production technology options and their environmental implications. The utilization potentials of these resources are also enumerated, as well as the government's role in achieving accelerated, long-term tar sands development in the country.

  17. Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifang SwisselectronicXian JieliYanbu, Saudi Arabia:

  18. A study of coal production in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akarakiri, J.B.; Afonja, A.A.; Okejiri, E.C. (Obafemi Awolowo Univ., Lle-Lfe (Nigeria))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nigerian coal industry was studied. The focus was on the problems which have caused low production output of coal. More specifically, the study examined the present techniques of coal production, the causes of low production of coal, the coal production policy as it affected this study, and proposed policy measures to address the findings. It was discovered that some of the limiting factors to coal production in Nigeria could be attributed to the lack of the following: (i) clear and specific production-demand targets set for coal in Nigeria; (ii) adequate technological capability to mechanize coal mining operations in Nigeria; (iii) venture capital to invest in coal production; (iv) poor infrastructural facilities for coal production such as mining, storage, transportation, etc. It was also discovered that the dissatisfaction of the miners with their conditions of service influenced production capacity negatively. These findings point to the reality that coal is unlikely to play a major role in the country's energy equation in the near future unless serious efforts are made to address the above issues.

  19. The Politicisation of Trade Unionism: The Case of Labour/NCNC Alliance in Nigeria, 1940-1960

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ajayi, Rotimi

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1987. "Trade Unionism in Nigeria: Challenges for the 2 1stin Trade Unionism in Nigeria: Challenges for the 21stlabour organisation in Nigeria. It was headed by T.A.

  20. Poliitical Parties and Women's Political Leadership in Nigeria: The Case of the PDFD, the ANPP, and the AD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badmus, Isiaka Alani

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PoUtlcal Leadership in Nigeria: The Case of the PDp, theof women political leadership in Nigeria by focusing on thedominant political parties of Nigeria s Fourth Republic. The

  1. John O. Hunwick, editor. Religion and National Integration in Africa: Islam, Christianity, and Politics in the Sudan and Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dowd, Bob

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the authors who focus on Nigeria is that they do not simplyPolitics in the Sudan and Nigeria. (Chicago: NorthwesternIslam in the Sudan and Nigeria The papers were originally

  2. Evolution of gas processing industry in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Showail, A.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The beginning of the natural gas processing industry in Saudi Arabia is traced back to 1959 when Aramco embarked on a program to recover natural gas liquids (NGL) for export from low pressure gases such as stabilizer overhead, spheroid, tank farm, and refinery off-gases. The processing scheme involves compression and refrigeration to extract C3+ raw NGL, a raw NGL gathering system, and a fractionation plant to separate propane, butane, and natural gasoline. NGL extracted in Abqaiq and Ras Tanura is moved to Ras Tanura for fractionation, storage, and export. The system, built in several increments, has total design capacity of 500 MMscfd of feed gases to produce 320,000 bpd of NGL composed of 40% propane, 30% butane, and 30% natural gasoline. Phase II of the Saudi gas program envisages collection and processing of associated gas produced with Arabian medium and heavy crude oils largely in the northern onshore and offshore fields. Further domestic development may focus on more diversification in gas product utilization and on upgrading to higher value products.

  3. The meeting point : rethinking public space in the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abuzeid, Reem

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Can urban intervention affect social behaviors within a city? And if so, what happens when that city is partial to cultural restrictions? The target in question here is the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The dilemma is that ...

  4. Stakeholder value network analysis for the energy system of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso, Francisco J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi Arabia is experiencing a considerable escalation in its consumption of electricity, provoked by economic progress and population increase. Such an escalation threatens the economic output of the Kingdom: more oil and ...

  5. Aggregate model and analysis of the energy dynamics in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ahmed, Khalid A. (Khalid Abdulrahim)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is facing a crisis in the near future centered on increasing energy consumption. Today, the kingdom consumes approximately 1/3 of its oil production. If no action is taken and the kingdom continues ...

  6. Renewable success : development of good architecture in the case of Arriyadh Development Authority, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alkhabbaz, Mohammed H

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ArRiyadh Development Authority (ADA) is an unusual city development authority within the Saudi Arabian government hierarchy. Part of its responsibilities is coordinating and overseeing the design and building of buildings ...

  7. Bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the province of Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doha, Said Abdallah; Samy, Abdallah Mohammed

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) were studied for two successive years (January 1996-December 1997) at 12 collecting stations representing six sectors of the province of Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia. The predominant species...

  8. First record of Chiasmognathus from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Hymenoptera, Apidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alqarni, Abdulaziz S.; Hannan, Mohammed A.; Hinojosa-Dí az, Ismael A.; Engel, Michael S.

    2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The cleptoparasitic bee genus Chiasmognathus Engel (Nomadinae: Ammobatini) is recorded from Saudi Arabia for the first time. Chiasmognathus nearchus Engel was previously known from specimens collected in the United Arab ...

  9. Oil and diplomacy: the evolution of American foreign policy in Saudi Arabia, 1933-1945

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casillas, R.J.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the transformation of American foreign policy in Saudi Arabia between the years 1933 and 1945. At the beginning of this period American-Saudi relations were negligible. However, by the end of World War II in 1945, American policy-makers had concluded that the Saudi Kingdom was a nation vital to America's long-term economic and strategic interests. This remarkable official about face was the result of several factors including the potential of Saudi Arabian oilfields, the shifting priorities of Washington policy-makers and the lobbying efforts of a Saudi-based American commercial concern, the Arabian American Oil Company (ARAMCO). ARAMCO entered Saudi Arabia in 1933. As the only all-American oil concession in the Middle East they feared European, especially British, interference in their operations. To forestall this possibility, real or imagined, the oilmen turned to Washington for help. Although official assistance was not immediately forthcoming, ARAMCO did find support in the Near Eastern Affairs Division (NEA) of the Department of State.

  10. CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  11. Nigeria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpen EnergyNelsoniX LtdNew EnergyCityNigeria: Energy Resources

  12. Nigeria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri: Energy Resources Jump to:Nigeria: Energy Resources (Redirected from

  13. ancylus lake age: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 46 Mirror Lake...

  14. anoxic mining-impacted lake: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day at the North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 45...

  15. anoxic hypersaline lakes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day at the North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 56...

  16. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  17. Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  18. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New...

  19. Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  20. Three dimensional geologic modeling of a fractured reservoir, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T.; Grover, G.A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A geological assessment of a large carbonate reservoir in Saudi Arabia shows that it is a Type 2 fractured reservoir in which fractures provide the essential permeability. Intercrystalline microporosity, found within the basinally deposited mudstones and wackestones, is the dominant porosity type. Near-vertical, east-west-oriented extension fractures are preferentially localized in low-to-moderate porosities associated with stylolites. Porosity/fracture density relationships, combined with the results of structural curvature mapping, yielded a 3-dimensional model of fracture density. Fracture permeability and fracture porosity distributions were generated by integrating fracture density modeling results with average fracture aperture information derived from well test data. Dramatic differences exist between matrix- and fracture-related porosity, permeability models that help explain observed production behavior within the field. These models are being used by reservoir and simulation engineers for daily reservoir management, history matching, and long-term development drilling planning.

  1. Simulation effectively sites surge-relief facilities on Saudi pipeline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dempsey, J.J.; Al-Gouhi, A.H. (Saudi Arabian Oil Co., Dhahrain (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Pipeline hydraulic and surge analysis studies of the Saudi Aramco East-West crude-oil pipeline assisted in expanding the system's capacity by 50%. Surge studies predicted that operational upsets, such as the trip of a pump station, cause excessive surge pressures in the pipeline system at new flow rates. Additional surge studies showed that surge-relief stations must be located downstream from each of six pump stations. The new surge-relief stations and an increase in capacity of existing surge-relief stations protect the pipelines at the higher flow rates. The paper describes modeling the system, the analysis of the hydraulics, surge analysis, acoustic transit times, relief valve simulation, surge-relief protection, surge-relief stations, station locations, simulation results, tank sizing, and valve testing.

  2. Negotiating culture: Christianity and the Ogo society in Amasiri, Nigeria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obinna, Elijah Oko

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There have been two key difficulties concerning the study of indigenous rituals, religious conversion and change among the Igbo of South-eastern Nigeria, both before and after the missionary upsurge of the mid-nineteenth ...

  3. Educational Developmentalism In Nigeria: Education For The Masses Or Just Mass -Education?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cobern, William W.

    Educational Developmentalism In Nigeria: Education For The Masses Or Just Mass -Education? William of education in general is not lost oil the leaders of Nigeria and the rest of the developing world

  4. Combating Violent-Extremism and Insurgency in Nigeria: A Case Study of the Boko Haram Scourge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babalola, Oluwatosin Olayimika

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The most recent extremist group in Nigeria, Boko Haram, continues to grow, committing various extremist acts, such as sporadic suicide bombings and killing of innocent citizens and foreigners within the country. The current history of Nigeria is a...

  5. Lagos, Koolhaas and partisan politics in Nigeria1 Laurent Fourchard, Fondation nationale des sciences politiques,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Lagos, Koolhaas and partisan politics in Nigeria1 Laurent Fourchard, Fondation nationale des was the only state in Southwestern Nigeria in the hands of the opposition. Governor Bola Tinubu warmly thanked

  6. Nigeria and Ghana Immigration Web Chat 24th July 2012 Source User Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    Nigeria and Ghana Immigration Web Chat 24th July 2012 Source User Message Heather - International Hello and Welcome to the Nigeria and Ghana visa and pre-arrivals web chat Heather - International My

  7. Vol 442|6 July 2006 Multiple introductions of H5N1 in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    Vol 442|6 July 2006 37 Multiple introductions of H5N1 in Nigeria Phylogenetic analysis reveals- try farming industry is second only to oil production in Nigeria and is particularly vulnerable the two flight paths that link Nigeria with the south- ern Russian region and Europe, and with western

  8. United Nations/Nigeria Workshop on Space Law "Meeting international responsibilities and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glass, Ian S.

    United Nations/Nigeria Workshop on Space Law "Meeting international responsibilities and addressing domestic needs" 21-24 November 2005 Abuja, Nigeria Rockview Hotel (Royale), Plot 374/789 Cad Zone A8, Adetokunbo Ademola Crescent, Wuse II Abuja, Nigeria PRELIMINARY DRAFT PROGRAMME (as at 03 August 2005

  9. Comparison, similarity and simulation in Zaar, a Chadic language of Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Comparison, similarity and simulation in Zaar, a Chadic language of Nigeria Bernard CARON Llacan `similative' in Zaar, a Chadic language spoken south of Bauchi State, in Northern Nigeria. As the Zaar known as Saya, is spoken by about 150 000 speakers in the South of Bauchi State (Nigeria), in the Tafawa

  10. Movements of Palearctic and Afrotropical bird species during the dry season (NovemberFebruary) within Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    ­February) within Nigeria WILL CRESSWELL1, MARK BOYD2 & MATT STEVENS1 1AP Leventis Ornithological Research Institute, Jos, Nigeria & School of Biology, University of St Andrews, Fife, Scotland. wrlc@st-and.ac.uk 2Afrotropical bird species during the dry season (November­February) within Nigeria. pp. 18­28. In: Harebottle, D

  11. Le luri : quelques notes sur une langue tchadique du Nigeria Bernard CARON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Le luri : quelques notes sur une langue tchadique du Nigeria Bernard CARON LLACAN (CNRS, INALCO arbres magnifiques de la savane du nord du Nigeria où ruissellent les cours d'eau dans la tendre d'une langue tchadique non citée dans (Shimizu, 1978), le luri : « LURI : a language of Nigeria SIL

  12. A NEW SQUEAKER FROG (ARTHROLEPTIDAE: ARTHROLEPTIS) FROM THE MOUNTAINS OF CAMEROON AND NIGERIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A NEW SQUEAKER FROG (ARTHROLEPTIDAE: ARTHROLEPTIS) FROM THE MOUNTAINS OF CAMEROON AND NIGERIA DAVID Plateaus of eastern Nigeria. The known distribution suggests that it may eventually also be found throughout the Acha- Tugi Ridge that traverses the Cameroon­Nigeria border. More than 40 years ago

  13. Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon/14/2008 12:55:54 PM] #12;Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Volume ('000 m3 import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea Reports (commissioned

  14. Mobil plans methanol plant in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alperowicz, N.

    1992-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobil Chemical (Houston) is in discussions with Nigerian National Petroleum Corp. (NNPC; Lagos) on a joint venture methanol plant at Port Harcourt, Nigeria. The U.S. firm has invited process owners to submit proposals for a 1-million m.t./year unit and hopes to select the technology by the end of this year. Three proposals have been submitted: Lurgi, offering its own low-pressure process; John Brown/Davy, with the ICI process; and M.W. Kellogg, proposing its own technology. Shareholding in the joint venture is yet to be decided, but it is likely to be a 50/50 tie-up. Marketing of Mobil's share or of the entire tonnage would be handled by Mobil Petrochemical International (Brussels). The plant could be onstream in late 1996.

  15. Planning implications of energy research in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osotimehin, S.O.A.; Benjamin, N.R.D.; Sanni, S.A.

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A survey of projects in research institutions and major public energy organizations was undertaken with a view to determining to what extent energy research activities are in consonance with national research objectives. Such a survey is also useful in developing an appropriate energy research policy for Nigeria. It appears that energy R and D efforts are concentrated in the area of alternative energy resources; this accounts for 66% of the total projects. Most of the local efforts are duplication of international research efforts. Even though the demand for energy research is well defined, the absence of proper coordination and adequate policy instruments have resulted in the unattainment of the research goals of the energy sector. Thus, the arguement adduced by some investigators that lack of demand for research is the main obstacle for designing and implementing a relevant science policy in a developing country does not hold for Nigerian conditions.

  16. Meren field water injection project offshore Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adetoba, L.A.

    1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Meren Water Injection Project, which is one of the largest in West Africa in terms of injection volume, secondary reserves to be recovered and cost, is located in the Meren field offshore Nigeria. This study presents an updated comprehensive plan to deplete 7 reservoir units in sands that have been producing under solution gas drive and gravity segregation with minimal water influx. The reservoir units contain ca 80% of the original oil-in-place in Meren field. Detailed studies have been undertaken to evaluate the performances of the 7 reservoirs with a view to developing a secondary recovery plan which has been brought into reality. Injection was to start in mid-1982 but was delayed until mid-1983. The effect of the delay and the changing of injector locations on recovery and cost is discussed.

  17. Applications of the Array Induction Tool in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zainalabedin, K.A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia); Cao Minh, C.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since its introduction in Saudi Arabia in 1993, the Array Induction Tool (AIT) has been run extensively in a wide variety of petrophysical environments. These include fresh mud, salty mud, high and low resistivity formations, hydrocarbon-bearing or water-bearing reservoirs in carbonates and clastics sequences. In some examples, the AIT was also run in conjunction with the Phasor Induction (PI) or Dual-Laterolog for comparison purpose. As with any resistivity device, the AIT`s primary product, an accurate Rt measurement, should not be overlooked. However, owing to the AIT`s multiple vertical resolutions and depths of investigation, the authors found that the tool yields additional information about the reservoirs that is not possible with older induction tools. The AIT improves the estimation of Rt in cases of thin laminations, complex invasion profiles or when the borehole correction is critical (wash-out, salty mud, high resistivity). In many instances, permeable beds that are invaded are much easier to identify with the AIT than with dual depths of investigation induction or laterolog tools. a typical case is the interpretation of annulus. Finally, they show the AIT characteristic response in a thing magnetic marker.

  18. Gas sweetening in Saudi Arabia in large dga plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huval, M.; Van De Venne, H.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors are concerned with the natural gas conditioning by using sweetening agent, diglycolamine or DGA, a trademark name for 2-(2-amino-ethoxy) ethanol or 2-2 hydroxy-ethylamine. This paper describes the use of DGA in Saudi Arabia, where Aramco has several DGA plants to treat large amounts of low pressure associated gas to 1/4 grain gas pipeline specification. The paper also describes the reasons why DGA was selected, some of the special features of these plants and the operating experiences to date. It is demonstrated that DGA is a very potent gas sweetening agent. Sour gases with H/sub 2/S concentrations ranging from 3-8% and with CO/sub 2/ concentrations ranging from 8-14% can be treated in a single contactor with 21 trays producing sweet gas containing 1-2 ppm H/sub 2/S and less than 100 ppm CO/sub 2/. Recommendations for practice are included.

  19. Book Review: Poetic Heritage: Igbo Traditional Verse. Compiled and translated with an introduction by Romanus N. Egudu and Donatus I. Nwoga. Enugu, Nigeria: Nwankwo-Ifejika & Co., 1971.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amankulor, N. N.

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Donatus I. Hwoga. Enugu, Nigeria: Nwankwo-lfejika & Co. ,2.50. GoZgotha. By Pol Ndu. Ife, Nigeria: Pan African Pocketat the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, do not claim to have

  20. Use of the Non-Pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment (NASG) for Life-Threatening Obstetric Hemorrhage: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in Egypt and Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    morbidity,% 7. Mortality,% Nigeria No NASG NASG No NASG NASG1]. Costs Egypt El Galaa Nigeria Assiut Average UCH Katsinaof 2 for Egypt and 78 for Nigeria. 21 Refer to Technical

  1. Can the Non-pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment (NASG) reduce adverse maternal outcomes from postpartum hemorrhage? Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria. Reproductive Health 2010 7:Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria Mohammed Mourad-Youssif 1 ,four referral facilities in Nigeria and two in Egypt between

  2. Little genetic differentiation as assessed by uniparental markers in the presence of substantial language variation in peoples of the Cross River region of Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Cross River region of Nigeria. BMC Evolutionary Biologythe Cross River region of Nigeria Krishna R Veeramah 1,2* ,The Cross River region in Nigeria is an extremely diverse

  3. Stratigraphy and sedimentation of the Unayzah reservoir, central Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Senalp, M.; Abdulaziz, A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant reserves of Arabian super light oil, condensate, and associated gas occur in the various genetically different sandstone bodies of the upper Permian Unayzah and Khuff Formations in Central Saudi Arabia. The Unayzah Formation which rests unconformably on the older formations is composed of red colored, poorly sorted conglomerate, sandstone, siltstone, mudstone, caliche and nodular anhydrite. Facies changes occur due to the presence of various subenvironments and possible faulting and structural growth in the basin during deposition. However, the entire Unayzah Formation shows an overall fining and thinning-upward sequence. It was deposited as coalescing alluvial fans dominated by braided streams which graded into meandering stream and playa lakes under and to semi-arid conditions. Eolian processes were also inferred. A marked unconformity which is indicated by the occurrence of thick caliche and soil horizons separate the Unayzah and the overlying Khuff Formation. The Khuff Formation consists primarily of marine shale, marl, and fine- to very coarse-grained sandstones in the lower parts; shale, limestone, dolomite, and amhydrite in the upper parts. The sandstones were deposited as incised channel fills and their associated low stand deltaic sediments as a result of fluctuating sea level during the deposition of the Khuff Formation. The base of the incised channels represent a sequence boundary. Red colored and rooted paleosols were formed on the underlying marine sediments. During relative sea level rise, good quality reservoir sands were deposited by aggradation within the incised channels. Sand deposition within the channels terminated at the same time, and the area was covered by shallow marine limestones, shales and marls during maximum sea level highstand. Although the Unayzah reservoir occurs in both the Unayzah and the Khuff Formations because of their different geometry, continuity, and reservoir quality, they have been studied separately.

  4. 24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 34 Israel 1 68 Saudi Arabia 30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 34 Israel 1 68 Saudi Arabia 30 COLLEGES (STUDENTS) ACADEMIC LEVELS France 10 57 Oman 1 TOTAL 1283 24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 25 Ghana 5 59 Palestine 1 26 Greece 2 60 Panama

  5. From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, Market Factors & Conflicts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    (Brazil, Russia, India and China) will end U.S. supremacy in the dollar based oil market? Lastly, weFrom Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, Market Factors & Conflicts Dr. Tom O'Donnell Friday, 12:00 ­ 2:48 PM Room 125, Mendenhall Laboratory

  6. Role of Aramco in Saudi Arabian development: a case study of dependent development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rawls, L.W.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has proceeded along the path toward development while in a dependent relationship with the Arabian American Oil Company, Aramco. Development in a given country is defined as the process by which the living standards of the people who live in that country are raised. That process includes the development of physical and human infrastructure, economic growth, distribution of resources, and the maturation of society (including its ability to weather crisis, whether it be social or economic). Though it is by no means exhaustive on the subject of development in Saudi Arabia, this study focuses on Aramco's involvement in the socio-economic elements of development in Saudi Arabia, as these are the direct impacts of development upon which the Saudi five-year development plans focus. Employing the theoretical framework of dependent development as adapted by Timothy Luke to the OPEC countries' development experience in the international energy regime, this study serves in part as an in-depth case study of Luke's thesis.

  7. Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Ruppell's Foxes in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Jos. B.

    . Introduction The environments of hot deserts can include periods of high ambient air temperature (Ta479 Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Ru¨ppell's Foxes in Saudi Arabia Joseph B. Williams1 and total evaporative water loss (TEWL), parameters mea- sured in the laboratory, and a reduced field

  8. Waxy crude oil handling in Nigeria; Practices, problems, and prospects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ajienka, J.A.; Ikoku, C.U. (Dept. of Petroleum Engineering, Univ. of Port Harcourt, Choba, Port Harcourt (NG))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With case studies, the practices, problems, and prospects of handling waxy crude oils in Nigeria are discussed. Using a rotational viscometer, the temperature dependence of rheological properties and thixotropy of these crudes were determined. Suggestions are given on how to improve handling practices. These suggestions include adequate screening and ranking of wax inhibitors, taking into account pour-point depression, viscosity, and yield value.

  9. Complex gas/lift gathering system project in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Installing a gas lift and gathering system in Nigeria's Makaraba oil field proved a complex task because of the swampy site conditions and the influence of the tides on the water depths. All work required floating equipment, including a specially made lay barge and amphibious swamp buggies. The numerous well-head connections and link-ups further complicated the job.

  10. abuja nigeria 22-24: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (CNS) Sarah Ferguson is a trader at Ronin 215 Printed in Nigeria COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF THE BACTEROCIN PRODUCING CHARACTERISTICS OF LACTIC ACID BACTERIA FROM SELECTED...

  11. Cobern, W. W. (1980, July). A proper attitude toward science. Paper presented at a departmental seminar of the Department of Education, University of Sokoto, Sokoto, Nigeria.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cobern, William W.

    seminar of the Department of Education, University of Sokoto, Sokoto, Nigeria. The attitude of a man

  12. Incidence of Oestrus ovis infestation in Borno-White Sahel goats in the semi-arid zone of Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of Nigeria Abdullahi A. Biu Chukwunyere O. Nwosu Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1069, Maiduguri, Nigeria (Received 10 chez les chèvres blanches du Sahel dans la zone semi-aride du Nigeria. Les recherches menées sur l

  13. Distribution and toxigenicity of Aspergillus species isolated from maize kernels from three agro-ecological zones in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotty, Peter J.

    -ecological zones in Nigeria Joseph Atehnkeng a,b , Peter S. Ojiambo a , Matthias Donner c , T. Ikotun b , Richard A (IITA), PMB 5320, Ibadan, Nigeria b Department of Crop Protection and Environmental Biology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria c University of Bonn, Institute for Plant Diseases, Phytopathology and Nematology in Soil

  14. MALARIA I N NIGERIA: CDNSTRAINED CaYTINUXIS-TIE MARKDV MmLS A3R DISCRETE-TIME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Joel E.

    MALARIA I N NIGERIA: CDNSTRAINED CaYTINUXIS-TIE MARKDV MmLS A3R DISCRETE-TIME ~ I T U D I N t of northern Nigeria included 8 baseline surveys a t approximately - AHS(1OS) subject classifications (1970 grant SOC76-17706 t o Columbia University. #12;JOEL E. COHEN AND BURTON SINGER UALARIA I N NIGERIA 10

  15. How can we build an oil reserve without offending the Saudis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madison, C.

    1980-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Congress has ordered the Department of Energy to resume filling the strategic oil reserves at about the same 100,000 barrels of crude oil a day as the government fields at Elk Hills, California produce. Pressure to increase this amount while a world surplus exists will be strong, even though members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) have threatened to reduce their production if the US takes such action. The concept of a strategic reserve of 750 million barrels (a 90-day supply) first emerged as a way to separate foreign-policy decisions from foreign-oil supplies. The present level of 92 million barrels (12-13-days imports), however, has made the reserve a political issue. Delays were caused by a combination of site problems, budget cuts, market disruptions, and policy changes. The debate centers on timing - when the US should return to the market to continue filling the storage sites. US relations with Saudi Arabia are sensitive to Middle East peace agreements, the security of Saudi Arabian territory, and the security of Saudi Arabian production levels. The foreign-policy implications and their severity are disputed. (DCK)

  16. History of energy sources and their utilization in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ogunsola, O.I. (Dept. of Petroleum Engineering, Univ. of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt (NG))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nigeria, a major oil producer, is rich in other energy sources. These include wood, coal, gas, tar sands, and hydro power. Although oil has been the most popular, some other energy sources have a longer history. This article discusses the historical trends in the production and utilization of Nigerian energy sources. Wood has the longest history. However,its utilization was limited to domestic cooking. Imported coal was first used in 1896, but it was not discovered in Nigeria until 1909 and was first produced in 1916. Although oil exploration started in 1901, it was first discovered in commercial quantity in 1956 and produced in 1958. Oil thereafter took over the energy scene from coal until 1969, when hydro energy was first produced. Energy consumption has been mainly from hydro. Tar sands account for about 55% of total proven non-renewable reserves.

  17. L'IRD au BENIN, GHANA, NIGERIA et TOGO Rapport d'activit 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rapport d'activité 2010 BENIN #12;L'IRD au BENIN, GHANA, NIGERIA et TOGO Rapport d'activité 2010 I'IRD AU NIGERIA p. 59 IV- L'IRD AU TOGO p. 61 Annexe 1 Publications Annexe 2 Organigramme Annexe 3 Budget

  18. Complex gas/lift gathering system project in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new gas lift and gathering system is located in the Makaraba oil field, Nigeria. It connects 12 wellheads to a flow station by a series of 6-in. pipelines and one 16-in. trunk-line. The complexity of the project was due to the swampy site conditions which necessitated all work being conducted with floating plant, including a specially made laybarge and amphibious swamp buggies.

  19. Book Review: Christmas in Biafra and other Poems. By Chinua Achebe. New York: Doubleday & Co., 1973. Golgatha. By Pol Ndu. Ife, Nigeria: Pan African Pocket Poets, Vol. 4, 1971.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okwu, Edward C.

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2.50. GoZgotha. By Pol Ndu. Ife, Nigeria: Pan African Pocketwas originally published in Nigeria by Nwamife and has sincecated hi s Poems from Nigeria (1961) to his students. 11ost

  20. Aramco, the United States, and Saudi Arabia: a study of the dynamics of Foreign Oil Policy, 1933-1950

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, I.H.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A US oil policy towrad Saudi Arabia began emerging as the US moved from a net exporter of petroleum in the 1940s and as the US government realized that Saudi Arabia's vast reserves were under concession to an American Oil Company, Aramco. Anderson reconstructs the years between 1933 and 1950 and provides a case study of the evolution of US foreign oil policy and the complex relationships between the US government and the business world. He draws on diplomatic materials and corporate documents as well as interviews with former corporate and government officials to show that a de facto coalition of government agencies and oil companies had coalesced around the rapid development of Saudi oil by 1950. The policy grew out of a long series of confrontations among competing government agencies and domestic interest groups that finally produced a consensus and left policy implementation in the hands of private enterprise, setting the stage for the events to follow. 251 references, 9 tables.

  1. Nigeria-IAEA Energy Planning | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcerns Jump to:Neppelsource History(CTI PFAN) | Open EnergyNigeria

  2. Stimulating Nigeria's emerging real estate markets : investment opportunities through the public sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odusote, Oladimeji

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In its Global Economics Paper Nc.134, the Goldman Sachs Economics Group highlights the West African country of Nigeria as having the potential to be among the next generation of emerging markets around the world the next ...

  3. Structure of an African city : study of Ibadan, Nigeria : city structure and morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Stephan L. (Stephan Lane), 1971-

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study of Ibadan, Nigeria was conducted to analyze how Colonization has altered, or not altered the structure of the traditional African city form of this Yoruba town. The study encompasses structural city form elements ...

  4. Pastoral Livelihoods and the Epidemiology of Emergent Trypanosomiasis on the Jos Plateau, Nigeria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majekodunmi, Ayodele

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    African trypanosomiasis is a widespread disease of livestock which is a major constraint to livestock production, mixed farming and the rural economy. The Jos Plateau in Nigeria was historically free of tsetse flies and ...

  5. Pastoral livelihoods and the epidemiology of emergent trypanosomiasis on the Jos Plateau, Nigeria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majekodunmi, Ayodele Oluwakemi

    2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    African trypanosomiasis is a widespread disease of livestock which is a major constraint to livestock production, mixed farming and the rural economy. The Jos Plateau in Nigeria was historically free of tsetse flies and ...

  6. Support Groups, Marriage, and the Management of Ambiguity among HIV-Positive Women in Northern Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhine, Kathryn Angela

    2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -positive women in northern Nigeria have appropriated a support group to facilitate their marriage arrangements. In this group, women negotiate the threats of stigma and the promises of respectable marriage through what I call the management of ambiguity...

  7. Perceived Parent-Child Interaction and Boys' Self-Esteem in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sijuwade, Philip O.

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem under consideration in the present paper deals with the relationship between parent-child interaction patterns and the child self-esteem in a private high school in the city of Lagos, Nigeria. The relationship between these variables...

  8. Crude oil, conflict and Christian witness in Nigeria: Baptist and Pentecostal perspectives 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osuigwe, Nkem Emerald

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : to investigate, describe and analyse Christian theological and socio-political consciousness within the context of oil and conflict in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria from Baptist and Pentecostal perspectives; and to use the data to test the veracity...

  9. Origin and migration of hydrocarbons in the Paleozoic system of Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Franz, U.A. (Mobil Exploration and Producing Services, Dallas, TX (United States))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is a progress report on geochemical studies of the sub-Khuff Paleozoic rocks in Saudi Arabia, summarizing current laboratory results from both Saudi Aramco and American companies and their preliminary interpretations. From oil/oil and oil/rock correlations as well as maturity modeling, it may be concluded that sweet sub-Khuff oils, condensates, and gases are closely related to each other, and are derived from a common source: the hot shales of the basal Qusaiba Formation (Lower Silurian). The hydrocarbons that have been discovered in the Hawtah trend must have migrated updip from the presently overmature Rub-Al-Khali depocenter, where oil generation was initiated as early as 160 Ma. The oil window in the Rub-Al-Khali embayment, where active oil and condensate generation is taking place at present, is at depths between approximately 10,000 and 14,000 ft. Oil accumulation housed at depths more than approximately 14,000 {plus minus} 500 ft are being cracked into gas and condensate depending on variations in the generally low geothermal gradients of 1.5 {plus minus} 0.1F/100 ft. The residue of this natural refinery process is pyrobitumen, or deal oil, that is a pore plugging agent in many reservoirs at these depths. All products have very low-sulfur kerogen. The economic impact of these findings is very significant.

  10. An assessment of the mechanical stability of wells offshore Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lowrey, J.P.; Ottesen, S.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1991 lost time due to stuck pipe related drilling problems accounted for approximately 18% of total drilling time in Mobil Producing Nigeria Ultd.`s (MPN) offshore operations. The primary cause of stuck pipe was identified as mechanical wellbore instability. This paper presents an assessment of the mechanical stability of MPN`s wells offshore Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to: (1) determine the magnitude of the in-situ principal stresses and material properties of the troublesome Intra-Biafra and Qua Iboe shale sequences; (2) quantify the drilling fluid densities required to drill mechanically stable wells through these formations; (3) review and recommend well planning and operational parameters which aid in minimizing wellbore stability-related drilling problems. The well-bore stability assessment was carried out with the aid of a 3-dimensional wellbore stability model using field derived data from the study area to corroborate the results. The collection and analysis of drilling data (borehole geometry and density logs, pore pressure, leak-off tests, local geology and other relevant well records) to determine the magnitude of the in-situ principal stresses, together with compressive strength tests on formation cores are discussed. Minimum safe drilling fluid densities to promote wellbore stability as a function of well geometry and depth are presented for the most troublesome shales drilled in the study area. Implementation of the results reduced wellbore stability related problems and associated trouble time to less than 5% in 1992.

  11. RETHINKING THE EFFECTS OF THE FOREIGN MISSIONARIES' MISSION TO AFRICA, FOCUSING ON THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN MISSONARIES AMONG THE MARGI UDZIRNGU IN NORTHERN NIGERIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birdling, Emmanuel Awidau

    2009-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The Margi ethnic group occupies the geographical region of southern Borno and northern Adamawa states of the Republic of Nigeria. This study concentrates on the Margi Udzirngu subgroup who currently resides in North Eastern Nigeria. Margi Udzirngu...

  12. Use of the Non-Pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment (NASG) for Life-Threatening Obstetric Hemorrhage: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in Egypt and Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    anti-shock garment (NASG). Egypt 1. Number of women in studysite, 2010 (Int $ )[1]. Costs Egypt El Galaa Nigeria Assiutparity (PPP) factors of 2 for Egypt and 78 for Nigeria. 21

  13. Petroleum and structural change in a developing society: the case of Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olayiwola, P.O.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study of Nigeria provides a multidimensional analysis of development. The Nigerian development experience is considered as the interrelation of: (a) economic development paradigm which guided development thinking; (b) the national planning model and apparatus employed; (c) the ideology of nationalism; and (d) the internal and external factors in Nigeria's environment that combined to influence its development strategies. As a society, Nigeria has undergone profound changes over the period of the last 25 years. It was transformed from a primarily agricultural society to an industrializing one. A key source of this change has been the emergence of the petroleum economy. Nigeria's GDP grew an extraordinary 81% per annum on average between 1960 and 1980. Yet, the aggregate performance of the petroleum economy was far better, adding to Nigerian economic wealth at an average rate of 7400% per annum. Judged on these terms, Nigeria's overall economic performance from independence to 1980 was spectacular; the performance of its petroleum economy astounding. Despite this performance, the structure of Nigeria's political economy is nearly the same as it was at independence. It remains one in which economic life depends critically upon world-market conditions and the level of trade with developed economies.

  14. The development of contemporary housing in Saudi Arabia (1950-1983) : a study in cross-cultural influence under conditions of rapid change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fadan, Yousef M. (Yousef Mohammed)

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study provides a framework for understanding the circumstances associated with the introduction of modern housing concepts and techniques to Saudi Arabia. The analysis and discussion of the relevant cultural influences ...

  15. A new name for an old practice: vigilante in South-western Nigeria By Laurent Fourchard, Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 A new name for an old practice: vigilante in South-western Nigeria By Laurent Fourchard the historical forms of vigilantism in Nigeria. I also want to thank David Pratten, Vincent Foucher, the two and vigilante groups is blurring. #12;3 This is especially the case in Nigeria. This article would like

  16. MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 710, pp. 13, 3 figs. Chaerephon nigeriae. By Craig K. R. Willis, Jennifer M. Psyllakis, and Darren J. H. Sleep

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayssen, Virginia

    MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 710, pp. 1­3, 3 figs. Chaerephon nigeriae. By Craig K. R. Willis, Jennifer M. Photographs of Chaerephon nigeriae, lateral view of adult from Sengwa, northwestern Zimbabwe and ventral view of adult female from Zimbabwe. Photographs by M. Brock Fenton. Used with permission. Chaerephon nigeriae

  17. *Corresponding authors: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, College of Engineering Science, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, KFUPM Box: 2020, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Tel: + 96638602305 (O), Fax: +966386

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    of Engineering Science, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, KFUPM Box: 2020, Kingdom; King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia Copyright 2013, Society

  18. The Impact of Information Technology in Nigeria's Banking Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oluwatolani, Oluwagbemi; Philip, Achimugu

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Today, information technology (IT) has become a key element in economic development and a backbone of knowledge-based economies in terms of operations, quality delivery of services and productivity of services. Therefore, taking advantage of information technologies (IT) is an increasing challenge for developing countries. There is now growing evidence that Knowledge-driven innovation is a decisive factor in the competitiveness of nations, industries, organizations and firms. Organizations like the banking sector have benefited substantially from e-banking, which is one among the IT applications for strengthening the competitiveness. This paper presents the current trend in the application of IT in the banking industries in Nigeria and gives an insight into how quality banking has been enhanced via IT. The paper further reveals that the deployment of IT facilities in the Nigerian Banking industry has brought about fundamental changes in the content and quality of banking business in the country. This analysis...

  19. Contamination of shallow wells in Nigeria from surface contaminant migration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ademoroti, C.M.A. (Univ. of Benin (Nigeria))

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Contaminated wells, located in six south/western and western states of Nigeria, were sampled and analyzed for pollution characteristics. Results of analysis indicated migration of contaminants into the wells from places where there was a potential source. There was a significant microbiological population in the wells placed near domestic waste sites. Also, there were excessive levels of trace heavy metals in those placed near metal dumping sites. On the other hand, the contaminants were minimal in wells that were not close to polluting sources. The studies revealed that groundwater contamination occurred primarily by dumping of wastes, wrong placement of waste disposal facilities, and improper construction of wells. The groundwater sources (wells, etc.) are used when pipe-borne water facilities are inadequate.

  20. AAR in concrete of Asejire spillway (OYO state - Nigeria)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lamaudiere, J.P.; Spaeti, F. [SGI INGENIERIE, Cointrin-Geneva (Switzerland)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Asejire dam at Ibadan, Nigeria was constructed in the late sixties for the purpose of providing water for the city of Ibadan (presently about 4,5 million inhabitants). It is located on the Oshun river approximately fifteen miles from the city. In 1982 cracks were observed on the wing walls and although these continued to develop, no attempt was made at that time to investigate their causes and no repair was carried out. In 1989 the SGI ENGINEERING Group of Geneva, Switzerland was appointed as the consultant for the complete refurbishment of the Asejire water scheme. The consortium Degremont-Poat-Clemessy was awarded the contract for the project. The African Development Bank and the Nigerian Government have provided the loan to finance the project.

  1. Management of oil pollution of natural resources in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ikporukpo, C.O.

    1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil spillages are prominent features of petroleum exploitation in Nigeria. For instance, within the decade 1970-1980, the country experienced 18 major spills. Oil pollution adversely affects the water and soil resources of the petroleum-producing Niger Delta. There have been attempts to manage the increasing menace of oil spills, and two strategies may be identified. These are the legislative and the project implementation approaches. The first approach relies on preventative laws, while the second, more or less curative, depends on the implementation of projects for the monitoring, control, and clearance of spilled oil. There are various problems in the effective operation of both strategies, and the persistence of spills, many of them avoidable, tends to indicate lapses in the management attempts. 12 references, 4 tables.

  2. Petroleum hydrocarbon pollution of urban topsoil in Ibadan city, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Onianwa, P.C. [Univ. of Ibadan (Nigeria)] [Univ. of Ibadan (Nigeria)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The distribution of total petroleum hydrocarbon in topsoils from various parts of Ibadan city, Nigeria, was studied. Samples were selected from around the following zones: (a) railway tracks, (b) petrol stations, (c) refuse dumps, (d) residential areas, (e) high traffic density areas, (f) mechanical workshops, and (g) control zones. Contamination of the topsoil with hydrocarbons was significant only around petrol stations and mechanical workshops where the factors of accumulation were 10.1 and 4.72, respectively. The general trend in hydrocarbon levels was petrol station > mechanical workshop > refuse dumps > high traffic areas {ge} rail tracks > control residential areas. The results highlight the need to monitor urban environments that are remote from petroleum exploration activities for petroleum hydrocarbon contamination. 19 refs., 3 tabs.

  3. Petroleum geology of the Southern Bida Basin, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Braide, S.P. (Federal Univ., of Technology, Minna (Nigeria))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Southern Bida basin is located in central Nigeria and is a major sedimentary area with a 3.5-km-thick sedimentary fill. However, it is the least understood of Nigeria's sedimentary basins because serious oil and gas exploration has not been undertaken in the basin. The surrounding Precambrian basement rocks experienced severe deformation during the Late Panafrican phase (600 {plus minus} 150 m.y.), and developed megashears that were reactivated during the Late Campanian-Maestrichtian. The ensuing wrenchfault tectonics formed the basin. The sedimentary fill, which comprises the Lokoja Formation are chiefly, if not wholly, nonmarine clastics. These have been characterized into facies that rapidly change from basin margin to basin axis, and have undergone only relatively mild tectonic distortion. Subsurface relations of the Lokoja Formation are postulated from outcrop study. The potential source rocks are most likely within the basinal axis fill and have not been deeply buried based on vitrinite reflectance of <0.65%. These findings, with the largely nonmarine depositional environment, suggest gas and condensate are the most likely hydrocarbons. Alluvial fans and deltaic facies that interfinger with lacustrine facies provide excellent reservoir capabilities. Potential traps for hydrocarbon accumulation were formed by a northwest-southeast-trending Campanian-Maestrichtian wrench system with associated northeast-southwest-oriented normal faults. The traps include strata in alluvial fans, fractured uplifted basement blocks, and arched strata over uplifted blocks. However, the size of hydrocarbon accumulations could be limited to some extent by a lack of effective hydrocarbon seal, because the dominant seals in the formation are unconformities.

  4. Hassan B. Diab Vice President,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    EGYPT IRAQ JORDAN KUWAIT LEBANON OMAN QATAR SAUDI ARABIA SUDAN SYRIA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES WEST BANK SYRIA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES WEST BANK YEMEN 2008-09 Annual Activity Report #12;2 Acknowledgement The 2008

  5. Visa Students by Country of Citizenship -November 2013 Region Undergraduate Graduate Total

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan 3 1 4 Kuwait 1 2 3 Lebanon 4 2 6 Libya 2 0 2 Morocco 3 1 4 Oman 0 1 1 Qatar 2 0 2 Saudi Arabia 57

  6. SAFETY SERIES No.75-INSAG-4 INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MONGOLIA MOROCCO MYANMAR NAMIBIA NETHERLANDS NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORWAY PAKISTAN PANAMA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL QATAR ROMANIA SAUDI ARABIA...

  7. Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt Bonn Institut fr Politische Wissenschaft und Soziologie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    globale Entwicklung. Ein Positionspapier des BMZ. Bonn 2004. The policy paper of the Federal Ministry: China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Thailand, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Argentina

  8. Medical waste management in Ibadan, Nigeria: Obstacles and prospects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coker, Akinwale [Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan (Nigeria); School of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton WV1 1SB (United Kingdom)], E-mail: cokerwale@yahoo.com; Sangodoyin, Abimbola [Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan (Nigeria); Sridhar, Mynepalli [Division of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan (Nigeria); Booth, Colin; Olomolaiye, Paul; Hammond, Felix [School of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton WV1 1SB (United Kingdom)

    2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantification and characterization of medical waste generated in healthcare facilities (HCFs) in a developing African nation has been conducted to provide insights into existing waste collection and disposal approaches, so as to provide sustainable avenues for institutional policy improvement. The study, in Ibadan city, Nigeria, entailed a representative classification of nearly 400 healthcare facilities, from 11 local government areas (LGA) of Ibadan, into tertiary, secondary, primary, and diagnostic HCFs, of which, 52 HCFs were strategically selected. Primary data sources included field measurements, waste sampling and analysis and a questionnaire, while secondary information sources included public and private records from hospitals and government ministries. Results indicate secondary HCFs generate the greatest amounts of medical waste (mean of 10,238 kg/day per facility) followed by tertiary, primary and diagnostic HCFs, respectively. Characterised waste revealed that only {approx}3% was deemed infectious and highlights opportunities for composting, reuse and recycling. Furthermore, the management practices in most facilities expose patients, staff, waste handlers and the populace to unnecessary health risks. This study proffers recommendations to include (i) a need for sustained cooperation among all key actors (government, hospitals and waste managers) in implementing a safe and reliable medical waste management strategy, not only in legislation and policy formation but also particularly in its monitoring and enforcement and (ii) an obligation for each HCF to ensure a safe and hygienic system of medical waste handling, segregation, collection, storage, transportation, treatment and disposal, with minimal risk to handlers, public health and the environment.

  9. Managing CO{sub 2} emissions in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Obioh, I.B.; Oluwole, A.F.; Akeredolu, F.A. [Obafemi Awolowo Univ., Ile-Ife (Nigeria)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy resources in Nigeria are nearly equally divided between fossil fuels and biofuels. The increasing pressure on them, following expected increased population growth, may lead to substantial emissions of carbon into the atmosphere. Additionally agricultural and forestry management practices in vogue are those related to savannah burning and rotational bush fallow systems, which have been clearly implicated as important sources of CO{sub 2} and trace gases. An integrated model for the prediction of future CO{sub 2} emissions based on fossil fuels and biomass fuels requirements, rates of deforestation and other land-use indices is presented. This is further based on trends in population and economic growth up to the year 2025, with a base year in 1988. A coupled carbon cycle-climate model based on the contribution of CO{sub 2} and other trace gases is established from the proportions of integrated global warming effects for a 20-year averaging time using the product of global warming potential (GWP) and total emissions. An energy-technology inventory approach to optimal resources management is used as a tool for establishing the future scope of reducing the CO{sub 2} emissions through improved fossil fuel energy efficiencies. Scenarios for reduction based on gradual to swift shifts from biomass to fossil and renewable fuels are presented together with expected policy options required to effect them.

  10. Energy assessment of Ivory Coast, Morocco, Nigeria, and Senegal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghirardi, A.; Sathaye, J.; Goering, P.

    1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is an overview of the energy market in four West African countries: The Ivory Coast, Morocco, Nigeria, and Senegal. We feel these countries are representative of the West African region. Together they account for 75% of the total energy use in West Africa, 78% of GDP, and 76% of population. The purpose of the study is to analyze the evolution of energy demand in the context of the general socio-economic background of the region. The study also examines energy supply and trade related to the energy sector. The analysis focuses on the study of commercial fuels. Although we have reviewed studies of wood, solar, wind, and agricultural residues, we leave out detailed discussions of these non-commercial energy forms. The first part of the report is an assessment of the trends in energy demand in the four study countries. We discuss the main factors driving energy demand sector by sector. This is followed by a review of the primary energy resources of the countries, and of the capacity for production of secondary fuels. The last section looks at energy trade, with particular emphasis on the role of the United States.

  11. Depositional environments, lithofacies types, and reservoir development of the Permian Khuff Formation in Eastern Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Jallal, I.A. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Later Permian carbonates and evaporites of the Khuff Formation contain considerable amounts of gas in Ghawar field, eastern Saudi Arabia. Sedimentary structures, textures, and grain types were used to interpret the depositional environments and to define the different lithofacies types which determine the original reservoir face is distribution within this 1,500-ft-thick formation. There are three major depositional environments: subtidal, intertidal, and sabkha. Locally, these include shoals, belts, bars, bays, lagoons, ponds, tidal channels, sabkha. Locally, these include shoals, belts, bars, bays, lagoons, ponds, tidal channels, sabkha islands, and sabkha pans. Tidal flooding and storms are represented. These environments represent four major transgressive-regressive cycles, which conform to four Khuff units: Khuff A, B, C and D (from youngest to oldest). Transgressive phases (subtidal), with lithofacies of grainstones and horizontally burrowed mudstones usually comprise the reservoir facies. The regressive phases (intertidal and sabkha) with lithofacies of anhydritic mudstones and anhydrites, usually seal the Khuff reservoirs. Later disappearance of reservoir facies are due to deposition or diagenesis. Depositionally, the lateral change in facies may occur, for example, from a non-reservoir anhydrite and mudstone facies to a reservoir grainstone facies, or from a non-reservoir anhydritic mudstones to a reservoir burrowed-mudstone facies. Diagenetically, ooid grainstones may be greatly cemented by anhydrite. A combination of dolomitization and leaching may create intercrystalline porosity in mudstone. Leaching creates poorly connected moldic porosity in grainstones because the resulting calcite cement plugs the interparticle porosity.

  12. Geologic constraints to fluid flow in the Jurassic Arab D reservoir, eastern Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laing, J.E. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A giant oil field located in eastern Saudi Arabia has produced several billion barrels of 37{degree} API oil from fewer than 100 wells. The Upper Jurassic Arab Formation is the main producing unit, and is made up of a series of upward-shoaling carbonate and anhydrite members. Porous carbonates of the Arab D member make up the principle oil reservoir, and overlying Arab D anhydrite provides the seal. Principal reservoir facies are stromatoporoid-coral and skeletal grainstones. Reservoir drive is currently provided by flank water injection. Despite more than 30 years of flank water injection (1.5 billion bbl) into the northern area of the field, a thick oil column remains in the Arab D reservoir. Geological factors which affect fluid flow in this area are (1) a downdip facies change from permeable skeletal-stromatoporoid limestone to less permeable micritic limestone, (2) vertical permeability barriers resulting from shoaling-upward cycles, (3) a downdip tar mat, (4) dolomite along the flanks in the upper portion of the reservoir, (5) highly permeable intervals within the skeletal-stromatoporoid limestone, and (6) an updip, north to south facies change from predominantly stromatoporoid-coral grainstone to skeletal grainstone. These factors are considered in reservoir modeling, simulation studies, and planning locations for both water injection and producer wells.

  13. Unayzah Formation: a new Permian-Carboniferous unit in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Laboun, A.A.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The sandstones, shales, and thin beds of argillaceous limestone previously included as the basal part of the Permian Khuff Formation were described as the Unayzah Formation by al-Laboun in 1982 and 1986. The type locality (stratotype.) of this formation is in the town of Unayzah, and a reference section was established in the Qusayba area, al-Qasim district, Saudi Arabia. Fossil flora collected from outcrops and palynomorphs obtained from boreholes support a Late Carboniferous-Early Permian age for these strata. The Unayzah Formation is conformably overlain by the massive carbonates of the Khuff Formation, whereas its basal contact is marked by a regional angular unconformity with various older units. The Unayzah Formation is widespread in the Greater Arabian basin. The formation represents cyclic transgressive and regressive deposits preceding the Permian regional marine transgression, during which the massive carbonates of the Khuff Formation were deposited. This Permian transgression marked a major change in the Sedimentation and evolution of the Greater Arabian basin. The porous sandstones of the Unayzah Formation are important exploration targets because several fields in the eastern and southeastern parts of the Greater Arabian basin produce hydrocarbons from the Unayzah. 11 figures, 1 table.

  14. The status and prospective of environmental radiation monitoring stations in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Kheliewi, Abdullah S. [National Center for Radiation Protection, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, 11442 Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Holzheimer, Clous [ENVINET GmbH, Environmental Radiation Detection, Hans-Pinsel-Straße 4, 85540 Haar (Munich) (Germany)

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of nuclear technology requires an environmental monitoring program to ensure the safety of the environment, and to protect people from the hazards of radioactive materials, and nuclear accidents. Nuclear accidents are unique, for they incur effects that surpass international frontiers, and can even have a long lasting impact on Earth. Such was the case of the Chernobyl accident in the Ukraine on April 6, 1986. For that purpose, international and national efforts come together to observe for any nuclear or radioactive accident. Many states, including Saudi Arabia which oversees the operation of the National Radiation, Environmental and Early Monitoring Stations, The Radiation Monitoring Stations(RMS’s) are currently scattered across 35 cities in the country,. These locations are evaluated based on various technological criteria such as border cities, cities of high population density, wind direction, etc. For new nuclear power plants hovering around, it is strongly recommended to increase the number of radiation monitoring stations to warn against any threat that may arise from a nuclear leak or accident and to improve the performance of the existing RMS’s. SARA (Spectroscopic Monitoring Station for air) should be implemented due to the high sensitivity to artificial radiation, automatic isotope identification, free of maintenance, and fully independent due to solar power supply (incl. battery backup) and wireless communication (GPRS)

  15. G-2 and G-3 reservoirs, Delta South field, Nigeria - 2. Simulation of water injection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thakur, G.C.; Stanat, P.L.; Aruna, M.; Ajayi, S.A.; Poston, S.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A description is given of a two-dimensional, three-phase, black-oil simulation of the G-2 and G-3 reservoirs in the Delta South field offshore Nigeria. The purpose of these studies was to investigate, from an engineering standpoint, various operating schemes for optimizing the oil recovery from each of these highly gravity-segregated reservoirs. 4 refs.

  16. Lithofacies, palynofacies, and sequence stratigraphy of Palaeogene strata in Southeastern Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    Francisca E. Oboh-Ikuenobe a,*, Chuks G. Obi b , Carlos A. Jaramillo c a Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, MO 65409, USA b Department of Geology, University of Nigeria prospecting for oil and gas in the basin. Abstracts on Niger Delta studies abound in the literature, but only

  17. The triumph of pragmatism: Nigeria's role in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dimah, A.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Formed in 1960, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) became a key participant in the international oil industry after the so-called oil shock in the early 1970s. OPEC's power in world trade increased tremendously during the 1970s and, as oil prices skyrocketed, literature on OPEC proliferated. Although OPEC's demise has often been predicted since its creation; it has, however, endured. Thus study examines OPEC from distinct vantage points: those of regime theory, oligopoly models, and cartel theory. The aim is to gain insight into the activities of the organization as a whole and in terms of the behavior of one of its members, the Government of Nigeria. The objective is to ascertain which of these theories, or aspects of the theories, best describes OPEC's activities and Nigeria's actions as a member. The review of OPEC and Nigeria's role in its demonstrates that OPEC is difficult to classify. It is more than anything, a fluid coalition of Third World countries seeking to improve their national economies by ensuring better prices for crude oil, their chief export product; and helping other Third World countries focus global awareness on the chronic political and economic inequities in the international system. Therefore, OPEC and Nigeria's role is best explained by coalition theory.

  18. University Health Center Name The University of Georgia UGA ID # 81

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissinger, Jessica

    incidence rates of > 20 cases per 100,000 population. University Health Center review Date Page 2 Republic Republic of Korea Nigeria Suriname Armenia Ecuador Kuwait Niue Swaziland Azerbaijan Egypt

  19. Management of immunization solid wastes in Kano State, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oke, I.A. [Civil Engineering Department, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife (Nigeria)], E-mail: okeia@oauife.edu.ng

    2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Inadequate management of waste generated from injection activities can have a negative impact on the community and environment. In this paper, a report on immunization wastes management in Kano State (Nigeria) is presented. Eight local governments were selected randomly and surveyed by the author. Solid wastes generated during the Expanded Programme on Immunization were characterised using two different methods: one by weighing the waste and the other by estimating the volume. Empirical data was obtained on immunization waste generation, segregation, storage, collection, transportation, and disposal; and waste management practices were assessed. The study revealed that immunization offices were accommodated in either in local government buildings, primary health centres or community health care centres. All of the stations demonstrated a high priority for segregation of the infectious wastes. It can be deduced from the data obtained that infectious waste ranged from 67.6% to 76.7% with an average of 70.1% by weight, and 36.0% to 46.1% with an average of 40.1% by volume. Non-infectious waste generated ranged from 23.3% to 32.5% with an average of 29.9% by weight and 53.9% to 64.0% with an average of 59.9% by volume. Out of non-infectious waste (NIFW) and infectious waste (IFW), 66.3% and 62.4% by weight were combustible and 33.7% and 37.6% were non-combustible respectively. An assessment of the treatment revealed that open pit burning and burial and small scale incineration were the common methods of disposal for immunization waste, and some immunization centres employed the services of the state or local government owned solid waste disposal board for final collection and disposal of their immunization waste at government approved sites.

  20. Fault seal analysis of Okan and Meren fields, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eisenberg, R.A. [Chevron Petroleum Technology Co., La Habra, CA (United States); Brenneman, R.J. [Chevron Overseas Petroleum Co., San Ramon, CA (United States); Adeogba, A.A. [Chevron Nigeria Ltd., Lagos (Nigeria)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The sealing capacity and the dynamic seal behavior of faults between juxtaposed reservoirs were analyzed for Okan and Meren fields, offshore Nigeria. In both fields correlations were found between reservoir performance, juxtaposed fluid types, oil geochemistry, interpreted fluid contact relationships, fault sealing/leaking condition, and calculated smear gouge ratios. Integration of these data has been invaluable in quantifying fault seal risk and may effect depletion strategies for fault-juxtaposed reservoirs within these fields. Fault plane sections defined reservoir juxtapositions and aided visualization of potential cross-fault spill points. Smear gouge ratios calculated from E-logs were used to estimate the composition of fault-gouge materials between the juxtaposed reservoirs. These tools augmented interpretation of seal/nonseal character based on fluid contact relationships in proved reservoirs and, in addition, were used to quantify fault seal risk of untested fault-dependent closures in Okan. The results of these analyses were then used to interpret production-induced fault seal breakdown within the G-sands and also to risk seal integrity of fault dependent closures within the untested O-sands in an adjacent, upthrown fault block. Within this fault block the presence of potential fault intersection leak points and large areas of sand/sand juxtaposition with high smear gouge ratios (low sealing potential) limits potential reserves within the O-sand package. In Meren Field the E- and G-sands are juxtaposed, on different pressure decline, geochemically distinct, and are characterized by low smear gouge ratios. In contrast, specific G- and H-sands, juxtaposed across the same fault, contain similar OOWCs and are characterized by high smear gouge ratios. The cross-sealing and/or cross-leaking nature of compartment boundaries at Meren is related to fault displacement variation and the composition of displaced stratigraphy.

  1. DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mustafa, M. Tahir

    University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 360 Oct: Department of Mathematics, Hafr Al-Batin Community College, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P of Mathematical Sciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email

  2. DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mustafa, M. Tahir

    University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 361 Oct: Department of Mathematics, Hafr Al-Batin Community College, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P of Mathematical Sciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email

  3. Neo-Rentier Theory: The Case of Saudi Arabia (1950-2000) Global dependence on oil has not only radically transformed our economies, but also

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hille, Sander

    affect the flow of oil revenues to a rentier state and its ability to manipulate supplies and priceNeo-Rentier Theory: The Case of Saudi Arabia (1950-2000) Global dependence on oil has not only and producing countries. It has left consuming countries exposed to threats of supply disruption and price

  4. Fracture Detection and Water Sweep Characterization Using Single-well Imaging, Vertical Seismic Profiling and Cross-dipole Methods in Tight and Super-k Zones, Haradh II, Saudi Arabia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljeshi, Hussain Abdulhadi A.

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This work was conducted to help understand a premature and irregular water breakthrough which resulted from a waterflooding project in the increment II region of Haradh oilfield in Saudi Arabia using different geophysical methods. Oil wells cannot...

  5. Forecasting petroleum discoveries in sparsely drilled areas: Nigeria and the North Sea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Attanasi, E.D.; Root, D.H.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Decline function methods for projecting future discoveries generally capture the crowding effects of wildcat wells on the discovery rate. However, these methods do not accommodate easily situations where exploration areas and horizons are expanding. In this paper, a method is presented that uses a mapping algorithm for separating these often countervailing influences. The method is applied to Nigeria and the North Sea. For an amount of future drilling equivalent to past drilling (825 wildcat wells), future discoveries (in resources found) for Nigeria are expected to decline by 68% per well but still amount to 8.5 billion barrels of oil equivalent (BOE). Similarly, for the total North Sea for an equivalent amount and mix among areas of past drilling (1322 wildcat wells), future discoveries are expected to amount to 17.9 billion BOE, whereas the average discovery rate per well is expected to decline by 71%.

  6. The role of coal in industrialization: A case study of Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akarakiri, J.B. (Obafemi Awolowo Univ., Ile-Ife (Nigeria))

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coal is a mineral matter found in layers or beds in sedimentary rocks. It is a very highly variable substance. In addition to the variations from lignite to bituminous and anthracite, there are vast differences in its heating value, amount of volatiles, sulfur, moisture and so on. The chemical and physical properties of coal make it an important industrial raw material. There is proven 639 million tonnes of coal reserves in Nigeria. This paper examines the potential and current role of coal in the industrialization of Nigeria. Industries are now dependent on fuel oil as a source of fuel because of its economic and technological advantages over coal. Coal is a source of industrial energy for the future after the known oil reserves might have been exhausted. In the short term, coal can be used as a material for chemicals, iron and steel production as well as a substitute for wood energy in the process of industrialization.

  7. Monetization of Nigeria coal by conversion to hydrocarbon fuels through Fischer-Tropsch process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oguejiofor, G.C. [Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka (Nigeria). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Given the instability of crude oil prices and the disruptions in crude oil supply chains, this article offers a complementing investment proposal through diversification of Nigeria's energy source and dependence. Therefore, the following issues were examined and reported: A comparative survey of coal and hydrocarbon reserve bases in Nigeria was undertaken and presented. An excursion into the economic, environmental, and technological justifications for the proposed diversification and roll-back to coal-based resource was also undertaken and presented. The technology available for coal beneficiation for environmental pollution control was reviewed and reported. The Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and its advances into Sasol's slurry phase distillate process were reviewed. Specifically, the adoption of Sasol's advanced synthol process and the slurry phase distillate process were recommended as ways of processing the products of coal gasification. The article concludes by discussing all the above-mentioned issues with regard to value addition as a means of wealth creation and investment.

  8. Lichens as bioindicators of aerial fallout of heavy metals in Zaria, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapu, M.M. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana (United States) Ahmadu Bello Univ., Zaria (Nigeria)); Ipaye, M.M.; Ega, R.A.I.; Balarabe, M.L. (Ahmadu Bello Univ., Zaria (Nigeria)); Akanya, H.O. (Federal Univ. of Technology, Minna (Nigeria)); Schaeffer, D.J. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana (United States))

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lichens and other epiphytic cryptogams possess efficient ion-exchange mechanisms which enable many species to accumulate airborne metals and which probably contribute to their tolerating metals at concentrations high enough to cause death to other plant species. A direct relationship between the distribution pattern of lichens and the trace metal content of the surrounding air has been demonstrated. The present study used lichens to assess the aerial fallout of heavy metals from traffic in Zaria, northern Nigeria.

  9. Engineering studies of g-1, g-2, and g-3 reservoirs, Meren field, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thakur, G.C.; Haulenbeek, R.B.; Jain, A.; Koza, W.P.; Kurak, S.D.; Poston, S.W.

    1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A description is given of an engineering study of two large reservoirs in the G sands of Meren field, offshore Nigeria. The purpose of this study was to investigate various operating schemes for optimizing oil recovery from each of these gravity-segragated reservoirs. Geologic evaluation, material-balance calculations, and three-phase, two-dimensional (2D) (areal and cross-sectional) reservoir simulation models were used. 7 refs.

  10. Levels of dissolved zinc and cadmium in some surface waters of western Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fatoki, O.S. [Obafemi Awolowo Univ., Ile-Ife (Nigeria)] [Obafemi Awolowo Univ., Ile-Ife (Nigeria)

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Dissolved zinc and cadmium in some surface waters of Western Nigeria were separated and quantified using anion exchange of their chloro-complexes and detected by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Concentrations of zinc and cadmium found in tested water samples ranged from 0.99 to 2.97 mg L{sup {minus}1} and 0.13 to 0.17 mg L{sup {minus}1}, respectively. 35 refs., 2 tabs.

  11. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Nigeria (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePriceExpected FutureLeaseEquatorialNigeria

  12. High-potential geothermal energy resource areas of Nigeria and their geologic and geophysical assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Babalola, O.O.

    1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The widespread occurrence of geothermal manifestations in Nigeria is significant because the wide applicability and relative ease of exploitation of geothermal energy is of vital importance to an industrializing nation like Nigeria. There are two known geothermal resource areas (KGRAs) in Nigeria: the Ikogosi Warm Springs of Ondo State and the Wikki Warm Springs of Bauchi State. These surficial effusions result from the circulation of water to great depths through faults in the basement complex rocks of the area. Within sedimentary areas, high geothermal gradient trends are identified in the Lagos subbasin, the Okitipupa ridge, the Auchi-Agbede are of the Benin flank/hinge line, and the Abakaliki anticlinorium. The deeper Cretaceous and Tertiary sequences of the Niger delta are geopressured geothermal horizons. In the Benue foldbelt, extending from the Abalaliki anticlinorium to the Keana anticline and the Zambuk ridge, several magmatic intrusions emplaced during the Late Cretaceous line the axis of the Benue trough. Positive Bouguer gravity anomalies also parallel this trough and are interpreted to indicate shallow mantle. Parts of this belt and the Ikom, the Jos plateau, Bauchi plateau, and the Adamawa areas, experienced Cenozoic volcanism and magmatism.

  13. Recovery and recycling practices in municipal solid waste management in Lagos, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kofoworola, O.F. [Environment Division, Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment, King Mongkuts University of Technology Thonburi, 91 Prachauthit Road, Bangmod, Tungkru, Bangkok 10140 (Thailand)], E-mail: sholafemi28@yahoo.com

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The population of Lagos, the largest city in Nigeria, increased seven times from 1950 to 1980 with a current population of over 10 million inhabitants. The majority of the city's residents are poor. The residents make a heavy demand on resources and, at the same time, generate large quantities of solid waste. Approximately 4 million tonnes of municipal solid waste (MSW) is generated annually in the city, including approximately 0.5 million of untreated industrial waste. This is approximately 1.1 kg/cap/day. Efforts by the various waste management agencies set up by the state government to keep its streets and neighborhoods clean have achieved only minimal success. This is because more than half of these wastes are left uncollected from the streets and the various locations due to the inadequacy and inefficiency of the waste management system. Whilst the benefits of proper solid waste management (SWM), such as increased revenues for municipal bodies, higher productivity rate, improved sanitation standards and better health conditions, cannot be overemphasized, it is important that there is a reduction in the quantity of recoverable materials in residential and commercial waste streams to minimize the problem of MSW disposal. This paper examines the status of recovery and recycling in current waste management practice in Lagos, Nigeria. Existing recovery and recycling patterns, recovery and recycling technologies, approaches to materials recycling, and the types of materials recovered from MSW are reviewed. Based on these, strategies for improving recovery and recycling practices in the management of MSW in Lagos, Nigeria are suggested.

  14. Trace metal content of fish and shellfishes of the Niger delta area of Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kakulu, S.E.; Osibanjo, O.; Ajayi, S.O.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The trace metal contents of various fish and shellfishes from the Niger delta area of Nigeria were determined. The levels in the shellfishes were higher than those in the fish, which could be due to their being bottom feeders. The levels of fish varied from <0.01-0.10 ..mu..g/g for Cd, < 0.05-3.69 ..mu..g/g for Cu, 0.49-16.52 ..mu..g/g for Fe, and 0.08-6.90 ..mu..g/g for Zn. 15 references, 1 figures, 2 tables.

  15. Nitrate contents of well, raw, treated and pipe borne water in Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gbodi, T.A.; Atawodi, S.E.

    1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nitrate content of water available to man and animals in a rural community in Plateau State, Nigeria was determined. Water samples were obtained from artesian wells, raw untreated surface water, treated raw water, and pipe borne water. The examination of the samples was over a period of 3 mo at weekly intervals. Sixty percent of the artesian wells sampled had nitrate concentration above 5-50 ppm in June and August, while samples from other sources had less than 1 ppm. The proximity of pit latrines to some of the wells may have been responsible for high nitrate content of the well water.

  16. Sedimentary Basins: Origin, Depositional Histories, and Petroleum Systems 1 Multiage Plays in Offshore Nigeria: Hidden Plays of Neogene Shale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connors, Christopher D.

    in Offshore Nigeria: Hidden Plays of Neogene Shale Structures, and Robust Lower Miocene to Paleogene Akata Shale and structural styles of mobile shale features and focuses new atten- tion towards sets showing only thick sections of seismi- cally opaque facies commonly interpreted as shale `diapirs

  17. Prophet, Priest and King in Colonial Africa: Anglican and Colonial Political Responses to African Independent Churches in Nigeria and Kenya, 1918-1960 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higgins, Thomas Winfield

    2010-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Many African Independent Churches emerged during the colonial era in central Kenya and western Nigeria. At times they were opposed by government officials and missionaries. Most scholars have limited the field of enquiry ...

  18. Trans-Sahara pipe line would deliver Nigeria gas to Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muenzler, M.H.

    1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bechtel has made an in-house study of a natural gas transmission line extending from Nigeria to the Mediterranean and then on into Europe. Based upon the analysis, the pipeline project appears sufficiently viable to warrant further study. Perhaps the single most important element in design of pipelines crossing international borders is the political aspects involved in constructing, owning, and operating the line. These considerations not only effect the location of the pipeline, the manner of financing and ownership, but also whether the line will be constructed. The line crosses several international boundaries, depending upon the route selected. Each route crosses Niger. Case A crosses Algeria and into Tunisia where it ultimately would cross the Strait of Sicily into Italy. Case B crosses the Niger- Algerian border and then traverses Algeria to the Mediterranean where it is planned to connect to the Segamo pipeline and to link with the pipeline network in Spain. Case C crosses the countries of Niger, Mali, Mauritania, and into Morocco, and ultimately crosses the Mediterranean Sea close to the Strait of Gibraltar. Nigeria has proven natural gas reserves estimated to range from 2.5 to 4 trillion cu m (38 to 140 tcf).

  19. Electronic waste (e-waste): Material flows and management practices in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nnorom, Innocent Chidi [Department of Industrial Chemistry, Abia State University, Uturu, Abia State (Nigeria)], E-mail: chidiabsu@yahoo.co.uk; Osibanjo, Oladele [Basel Convention Regional Coordinating Center for Africa for Training and Technology Transfer, Department of Chemistry, University of Ibadan (Nigeria)], E-mail: osibanjo@baselnigeria.com

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The growth in electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) production and consumption has been exponential in the last two decades. This has been as a result of the rapid changes in equipment features and capabilities, decrease in prices, and the growth in internet use. This creates a large volume of waste stream of obsolete electrical and electronic devices (e-waste) in developed countries. There is high level of trans-boundary movement of these devices as secondhand electronic equipment into developing countries in an attempt to bridge the 'digital divide'. The past decade has witnessed a phenomenal advancement in information and communication technology (ICT) in Nigeria, most of which rely on imported secondhand devices. This paper attempts to review the material flow of secondhand/scrap electronic devices into Nigeria, the current management practices for e-waste and the environmental and health implications of such low-end management practices. Establishment of formal recycling facilities, introduction of legislation dealing specifically with e-waste and the confirmation of the functionality of secondhand EEE prior to importation are some of the options available to the government in dealing with this difficult issue.

  20. Metals in fish from the Upper Benue River and lakes Geriyo and Njuwa in northeastern Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eromosele, C.O.; Eromosele, I.C.; Muktar, S.L.M.; Birdling, S.A. [Federal Univ. of Technology, Yola (Nigeria)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lakes Geriyo and Njuwa occupy natural depressions near the upper Benue River in northeastern Nigeria. The lakes are flooded by the river during the rainy season spanning the months of May to September. Fishing activities on the lakes and river provide fish for consumption by the local communities. Industrial activity around the upper Benue River and the lakes is low and there is no information on other activities with the potential for polluting the Benue River as it flows from neighboring Cameroon. However, an unconfirmed report indicated high levels of lead in the upper Benue River, generally speculated as arising from biogeometrical factors. Trace elements, some of which are toxic, may accumulate in edible marine organisms to levels which may be deleterious to human health. For the upper Benue River and its associate lakes, Geriyo and Njuwa, there is yet no report of a systematic study to assess the levels of metals in fish found in these waters. This paper presents the results of a study on metal levels in fish collected from Lakes Geriyo and Njuwa and upper Benue River in northeastern Nigeria. 7 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  1. Predicting porosity in a Saudi Arabian carbonate reservoir using geologic constraints integrated with 3-D seismic and well data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeffery, R.; Thomsen, M. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for predicting lateral changes in reservoir porosity using 3-D seismic Aptitudes, calibrated against the amplitude response versus porosity measured at a select number of wells, was implemented and applied to produce a porosity map of a Saudi Arabian carbonate reservoir. The technique relies on the uniform lithologic seismic response of an overlying anhydrite, and thus assigns variations in amplitudes at the reservoir level to changes in reservoir average porosity. Throughout the study area, reservoir porosity and acoustic impedance logs exhibit a firm linear relationship. As reservoir porosity increases, its acoustic impedance decreases, and the greater contrast with the overlying anhydrite translates into larger seismic amplitudes. Thus, we expect the reservoir`s relative amplitude response to also increase linearly with increasing porosity. A check on this hypothesis was provided by computing synthetic seismograms at several wells, and measuring the reservoir`s theoretical amplitude response versus porosity averaged over the producing zone within the reservoir. This trend supported a linear seismic amplitude to porosity transform. Upon verification of the technique`s applicability, the reservoirs amplitude response was extracted from the 3-D seismic volume in the vicinity of several wells. These were used in conjunction with porosities averaged ever the reservoir to derive the amplitude to porosity transform. This transform was used in converting the mapped reservoir amplitudes into variations in average porosities. The success ratio for predicting porosities in wells not used in the analysis was nearly perfect, and the map continues to correctly predict porosities in subsequently drilled wells.

  2. Integration of 3-D seismic data with reservoir modeling of a stratigraphically complex reservoir, central Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simms, S.C. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A 425-km[sup 2], three-dimensional (3-D) seismic survey was shot in 1992 over one of the recently discovered oil fields in central Saudi Arabia. The primary objective of this survey was to provide stratigraphic control within a complex fluvial reservoir. The Permian age reservoir is a multistory, multilateral sequence of sandstones interbedded with nonproductive mudstones and siltstones. The seismic data were integrated with well control from over 50 wells to produce a 3-D geologic model of the reservoir. Numerous examples of the seismic and well data are presented in this case history. Stratigraphic cross sections through the wells illustrate that the complex nature of the reservoir and seismic sections through these wells show good correlation between seismic character and stratigraphy. Meandering channels and massive siltstone/mudstone bodies are clearly visible on seismic horizon slices and time slices. Faulting is evident on both seismic section at times slices. Acoustic impedance sections produced from both forward and inverse modeling of the seismic data are compared with geologic models of porosity and lithology based on well control alone. Good correlation between acoustic impedance and porosity/lithology allow the use of the seismic data to guide the model between well locations. A geostatistical approach was used to interpolate between well control using the inverted seismic as [open quotes]soft data.[close quotes] 3-D visualization of the geological model illustrates increasing complexity from well control only to an integrated model.

  3. Potential petroleum source rock deposition in the middle Cretaceous Wasia Formation, Rub'Al Khali, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newell, K.D.; Hennington, R.D.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stratigraphic correlation and regional geochemical sampling in the Rub'Al Khali (The Empty Quarter) of Saudi Arabia indicate at least two potential petroleum source rock units occur in the middle Cretaceous Wasia Formation. These two sequences, informally named the Safaniya ''source rock'' and the lower Mishrif, are dominated by oil-prone amorphous (Type II) organic matter, in places in excess of 10 weight percent organic carbon. Both units are fine-grained pelagic lime mudstones which were probably deposited in relatively quiet anoxic waters of large intraplatform embayments or basins. The Safaniya ''source rock'' and the lower Mishrif reflect strong marine transgressions on the Arabian craton in Albian to Cenomanian and Cenomanian to Turonian time, respectively. Regressive-phase sedimentary rocks overlying these two transgressive organic-rock phases are generally poor in organic carbon despite being deposited, in part, in similar forereef open-marine depositional settings. The sealevel high-stands associated with the Safaniya ''source rock'' and the lower Mishrif are partly synchronous with two recently described ''oceanic anoxic events'' respectively occurring in late Barremian to late Albian time and late Cenomanian to early Turonian time. Although there is a credible time correlation of these organic-rock units with oceanic anoxic events, their connection to oceanic anoxic events could be strengthened if they could be traced out to the vicinity of the middle Cretaceous continental margin.

  4. A depositional model in the Arabian Intrashelf basin: The Upper Jurassic Hanifa reservoir of Abqaiq field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, D.L. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abqaiq field is a northeast-trending anticline approximately 60 km long and 12 km wide and contains several reservoirs. The 100 m thick Hanifa Reservoir interval consists of interlayered peloidal packstone and wackestone with subordinate dolomite and anhydrite. During an Upper Jurassic relative sea level lowstand, paleotopography within the Arabian Intrashelf basin localized fine-grained packstone into isolated mounds over the Abqaiq South Dome area, while muddier facies were being deposited over the North Nose. The Abqaiq Hanifa carbonate mound was zoned using sequence stratigraphy as a conceptual framework to ensure that chronostratigraphic relationships were honored, and that the subsequent computer model would therefore accurately reflect spatial porosity continuity within the reservoir. The Hanifa Reservoir was subdivided into five widely correlative zones that approximate separate parasequences, each beginning with tight mudstone-wackestone and grading upward into porous wackestone-packstone. Sequence stratigraphy interpretations are based on regional wireline log correlations combined with core descriptions and show the Abqaiq Hanifa to be time equivalent to only the upper few meters of the Hanifa Reservoir in fields to the north. In addition to reservoir modeling utility, these two general intrashelf basin settings have potential for stratigraphic traps. Wherever reservoir-quality rock can be found, proximity to the Hanifa/Hadriya source rocks-the source for much of Saudi Arabia's vast reserves-makes the Hanifa a favorable exploration target.

  5. Development and Deployment of Fixed Wireless Access in South West Nigeria: Performance and Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adeniran, Oluwaranti

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fixed Wireless Access (FWA) involves the use of wireless technology to replace copper to connect subscribers to the telephone network. It is a variant of wireless broadband which provides an alternative in the so-called 'last mile' connectivity between the subscriber and the fixed telecommunications network. FWA could either be narrowband or broadband and it is predominantly deployed using the Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) technology. In assessing the extent of development and deployment of FWA, the perspective of the operators and users was elicited primarily through the use of questionnaires. Issues like setup cost, tax, Government incentive, availability of infrastructure and manpower applied to the operators while on the users' part factors like quality of service, signal strength as well as call rate were considered. The South western zone of Nigeria is regarded as one of the most urbanized regions in the south of Sahara, this is not out of place considering the fact that Lagos which is the nation...

  6. Heavy metal contents of epiphytic acrocarpous mosses within inhabited sites in southwest Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Onianwa, P.C.; Ajayi, S.O.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The levels of the metals Pb, Zn, Cu, Cd, Ni, Mn, and Fe accumulated in acrocarpous mosses within inhabited parts of villages and towns in the southwest region of Nigeria were determined, and then used for a classification of the area into relative pollution zones. Ibadan City was found to be the most polluted in the study area. Other zones of low and medium polluted villages and towns were identified. The zonations based on metal levels in these mosses were to some extent similar to that already obtained in a separate study of the same area with epiphytic forest mosses. The enrichment factors show that the gradients between zones of different pollution levels were higher in mosses within the inhabited sites.

  7. Classical seismic sequence stratigraphic interpretation of intraslope basin fill: Deepwater Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duncan, E.A. [BP Exploration Operating Co., Ltd., Stavanger (Norway)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Detailed interpretation of seismic facies patterns performed within the workstation environment provides an observation based methodology for constructing depositional models of turbidite and other reservoir bearing systems expected in deepwater Nigeria. The increased fidelity of the workstation allows greater detail and accuracy to be imposed onto depositional model construction by vastly improving the discrimination of depositional from structural seismic reflection geometries. In deepwater Nigeria interslope basins, depositional cyclicity is clearly indicated by vertical seismic facies successions in the same way as can be recognized in bed thickness trends from outcrop or well log data. The recognition of the seismic facies successions appears to break the stratigraphy into at least fourth and fifth order scale sequences. Highly {open_quotes}zoomed{close_quotes} instantaneous phase displays enhance the reflection character so that near outcrop scale (resolution less than 50 mters) interpretations of depositional facies can be made. Common seismic facies and geologic interpretation include: (1) low angle erosional surfaces as channel scour or mass wasting detachment; (2) low relief mounds, often in compensation cycle overlapping stacks reflecting compacted channelbelt fill; (3) unidirectional, low angle clinoform sets suggesting laterial accretion within a channel belt or possible contourite mounds; (4) abrupt, shingled blocks illustrating tilted fault blocks of small scale intraformation slumping; and (5) high reflection amplitude and continuous, parallel reflections of pelagic and hemipelagic condensed sections. There are other subtle seismic facies resolvable given the incraesed fidelity of the workstation interpretation. Mapping and translation of these geometries into more robust stratigraphic predictions should have positive impact on exploration and development success.

  8. MS Degree in Mechanical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, April 2006. Grade Point Average 3.34/4.00. MS Thesis on "The Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, John M.

    /Lab Engineer, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates · May 2006 June 2012: Core Analysis Engineer, Research Institute, Center for Petroleum and Minerals, KFUPM, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia · February for the Petroleum Institute in Abu Dhabi · In depth knowledge and practical experience of reservoir rock properties

  9. World crude output overcomes Persian Gulf disruption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several OPEC producers made good on their promises to replace 2.7 MMbpd of oil exports that vanished from the world market after Iraq took over Kuwait. Even more incredibly, they accomplished this while a breathtaking 1.2- MMbopd reduction in Soviet output took place during the course of 1991. After Abu Dhabi, Indonesia, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela turned the taps wide open, their combined output rose 2.95 MMbopd. Put together with a 282,000-bopd increase by Norway and contributions from smaller producers, this enabled world oil production to remain within 400,000 bopd of its 1990 level. The 60.5-MMbopd average was off by just 0.7%. This paper reports that improvement took place in five of eight regions. Largest increases were in Western Europe and Africa. Greatest reductions occurred in Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Fifteen nations produced 1 MMbopd or more last year, compared with 17 during 1990.

  10. Black Gold Rush in the Near East: A Century of Oil Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooley, Chelsea

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    came to realize the importance of Saudi oil for US success at war. These combined factors prompted the President to create the Petroleum Reserve Corporation (PRC) in 1942 “to acquire petroleum, petroleum products, and petroleum reserves outside... and production. That same year, Aramco established Gulf Operations Ltd to manage governmental petroleum interests in the Offshore Neutral Zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Aramco’s success and ties to the US did not help to negate the fact that 15...

  11. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

  12. Legal and institutional framework of environmental impact assessment in Nigeria: An initial assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olokesusi, F. [Nigerian Inst. of Social and Economic Research, Ibadan, Oyo (Nigeria)] [Nigerian Inst. of Social and Economic Research, Ibadan, Oyo (Nigeria)

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa, has high rates of urbanization and industrialization. Until recently, decisions on most large-scale projects such as expressways, harbors, industries, dams, and irrigation were considered with an emphasis on traditional technical and cost-benefit analysis. Spurred by massive environmental degradation and persistent community agitation in oil producing areas, environmental impact assessment (EIA) legislation was passed in late 1992. The main purpose of this article is to review and assess the content of this legislation and the guidelines produced by the Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA), the institution responsible for EIA administration. Some EIA reports have been prepared and reviewed by FEPA since 1994. There are some positive outcomes and expectations, but some problems have been identified as well, including: deliberate restriction of public involvement and participation by proponents and/or their consultants, interagency conflict leading to high cost and project delays especially in the oil industry, and restriction of public access to final EIA reports. These are discussed, and recommendations for improving the process are made.

  13. Reservoir description and future development plans for the Unam/Mfem Fields, OML 67, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kofron, B.M.; Jenkinson, J.T.; Maxwell, G.S. [Mobil Exploration and Producing Technology Center, Dallas, TX (United States)] [and others

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Unam/Mfem fields, which are currently produced from three platforms, are, located 25 km offshore (southeastern Nigeria) in water depths of 60 feet to 100 feet. Over 100 MMBO have been produced to date from both unconformity bounded and fault trap reservoirs in the Upper and Middle Biafra Sands. These structural and stratigraphic geometries define at least eleven different reservoirs that are not interconnected. STOIIP for all eleven reservoirs is estimated to exceed 900 MMBO based on a recently completed reservoir characterization study. A two year reservoir description study followed the acquisition of a 1991 3-D seismic survey and resulted in the drilling of six successful wells and two sidetracks. A 3-D model of reservoir geometries and fluid flow properties was generated by integrating geologic, geophysical, and reservoir engineering data. These diverse data sets were interpreted using a combination of workstations, software packages, and displays that included Landmark, IREX, wireline log and seismic correlation charts. A detailed stratigraphic zonation scheme with 28 zones was defined and correlated field wide and subregionally to build the reservoir framework. Twenty seismic horizons were created. More than 300 critical compute, generated grids were then used to calculate STOIIP volumes. This study led to the identification of new pay zones along with a much better understanding of the spatial distribution of all pays within the fields. A revised exploitation strategy has subsequently been proposed which calls for 5 new platforms and the drilling of 21 additional wells over the next few years.

  14. Hourly global and diffuse radiation of Lagos, Nigeria-correlation with some atmospheric parameters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chendo, M.A.C.; Maduekwe, A.A.L. (Univ. of Lagos, Akoka (Nigeria))

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of four climatic parameters on the hourly diffuse fraction in Lagos, Nigeria, has been studied. Using data for two years, new correlations were established. The standard error of the Liu and Jordan-type equation was reduced by 12.83% when solar elevation, ambient temperature, and relative humidity were used together as predictor variables for the entire data set. Ambient temperature and relative humidity proved to be very important variables for predicting the diffuse fraction of the solar radiation passing through the humid atmosphere of the coastal and tropic city of Lagos. Seasonal analysis carried out with the data showed improvements on the standard errors for the new seasonal correlations. In the case of the dry season, the improvement was 18.37%, whole for the wet season, this was 12.37%. Comparison with existing correlations showed that the performance of the one parameter model (namely K[sub t]), of Orgill and Hollands and Reindl, Beckman, and Duffie were very different from the Liu and Jordan-type model obtained for Lagos.

  15. An interdisciplinary approach to reservoir management: The Malu Field, West Niger Delta, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patterson, B.A.; Bluhm, C.T. [Chevron Overseas Petroleum, San Ramon, CA (United States); Adokpaye, E.U. [Chevron Nigeria Limited, Lekki (Nigeria)] [and others

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Malu Field is 175 kilometers southeast of Lagos, offshore Nigeria. The field was discovered in 1967 and brought on stream in 1971. Peak production reached 31,300 barrels per day in 1972. Twenty-six wells have been drilled in the thirty-six square kilometer size field. In 1990 original-oil-in-place was estimated at 345 million barrels with cumulative production of 109 million barrels and an estimated 40 million barrels of remaining reserves. The Main Field review was initiated in 1994 to resolve structural and production inconsistencies and therefore improve reservoir performance. The tools used include reprocessed three-dimensional seismic, oil chemistry (primarily gas chromatography), and production data. The complexly faulted field is subdivided into seven different fault blocks. Growth faults generally trend northwest to southeast and are downthrown to the west. Twenty-five different hydrocarbon-bearing sands have been identified within the field. These sands are separated into sixty-three different reservoirs by the series of southeast trending growth faults. Most sands are laterally continuous within mapped fault blocks except in east Malu. Cross-fault communication of oils occurs among several of the shallow reservoirs in west Malu allowing wells to deplete unintended horizons. In addition, three of the dual string completions are producing oil only from only the upper sands. The integration of seismic, oil chemistry, and production data allows more efficient management of production by providing accurate structure maps, reserve estimates, drainage pathways, and justification for workovers and future development drilling.

  16. Determination of the total level of nitrosamines in select consumer products in Lagos area of Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coker, H.A.B.; Thomas, A.E.; Akintonwa, A. (Univ. of Lagos (Nigeria))

    1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For some time there has been a considerable interest and growing concern in the extent of contamination of food items by N-nitrosamines because of the known carcinogenicity and mutagenicity of these compounds. Nitrosamines can be derived from the interaction of organic secondary and tertiary amines with nitrite, nitrate under reducing conditions, low pH values or nitrous gases. In Nigeria, the present harsh economic conditions have somewhat influenced the emergence of different kinds of socioeconomic attitude in Nigerians. There is now high incidence of adulteration of many consumer products. Faking of assorted consumables and pharmaceuticals, notably drugs, is a common feature, all in attempt to cut corners. It is a common practice amongst the local people to use certain chemicals as preservatives, colorants and flavorants without taking cognizance of the long-term health and toxicological hazards posed to the citizenry by these foreign agents. Recent work in the authors' laboratory had shown the presence of N-nitrosamines in some consumer products and it was therefore thought that a more thorough investigation and survey of as many foods and drinks as possible in the Lagos metropolis for contamination by nitrosamines might present a more revealing picture.

  17. Forms and pedogenic distribution of extractable manganese in some soils of south-western Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ayanlaja, S.A.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of various forms of manganese in 10 profiles from S.W. Nigeria was determined by selective extraction methods: dithionite (total), oxalate (amorphous), hydroquinone (easily reducible) and pyrophosphate (organic). All forms were generally highest in the surface horizon and decreased down the profile. Amorphous Mn is the dominant form, being between 80-100% of the total Mn. This indicates that a high proportion of the total soil Mn is potentially available to plant. The active Mn ratio remains fairly constant through most of the profiles suggesting that a dynamic equilibrium exists between the crystalline and the amorphous forms. X-ray diffraction analysis of the manganese concretions picked out from the soils revealed birnessite as the prevalent crystalline form, and the formula derived for birnessite by chemical and thermogravimetric analyses is: (Mn/sub 6.37/, Co/sub 0.16/, Na/sub 1.52/, Ni/sub 0.03/, Ca/sub 0.02/, K/sub 0.06/, Cu/sub 0.01/, Mg/ sub 0.07/) O/sub 14/.4H/sub 2/O.

  18. Environmental risk management and preparations for the first deep water well in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berger, F.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Statoil is among the leaders in protecting health, environment and safety in all aspects of the business. The evaluations of business opportunities and development of blocks opened by authorities for petroleum exploration, are assessed in accordance with the goals for environmental protection. Progressive improvement of environmental performance is secured through proper environmental risk management. In 1995, Statoil, the technical operator on Block 210 off the Nigerian coast, was the first company to drill in deep waters in this area. An exploration well was drilled in a water depth of about 320 meters. The drilling preparations included environmental assessment, drillers Hazop, oil spill drift calculations, oil spill response plans and environmental risk analysis. In the environmental preparations for the well, Statoil adhered to local and national government legislation, as well as to international guidelines and company standards. Special attention was paid to the environmental sensitivity of potentially affected areas. Statoil co-operated with experienced local companies, with the authorities and other international and national oil companies. This being the first deep water well offshore Nigeria, it was a challenge to co-operate with other operators in the area. The preparations that were carried out, will set the standard for future environmental work in the area. Co-operation difficulties in the beginning were turned positively into a attitude to the environmental challenge.

  19. Sedimentation and tectonics in the southern Bida Basin, Nigeria: depositional response to varying tectonic context

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Braide, S.P. (Federal Univ. of Technology, Minna (Nigeria))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Upper Cretaceous Bida basin of central Nigeria is sandwiched between the Precambrian schist belts of the Northern Nigerian massif and the West African craton. Of interest is the southern part of the basin, which developed in continental settings, because the facies architecture of the sedimentary fill suggests a close relation between sedimentation dynamics and basin margin tectonics. This relationship is significant to an understanding of the basin's origin, which has been controversial. A simple sag and rift origin has been suggested, and consequently dominated the negative thinking on the hydrocarbon prospects of the basin which were considered poor. This detailed study of the facies indicates rapid basin-wide changes from various alluvial fan facies through flood-basin and deltaic facies to lacustrine facies. Paleogeographic reconstruction suggests lacustrine environments were widespread and elongate. Lacustrine environments occurred at the basin's axis and close to the margins. This suggests the depocenter must have migrated during the basin's depositional history and subsided rapidly to accommodate the 3.5-km-thick sedimentary fill. Although distinguishing pull-apart basins from rift basins, based solely on sedimentologic grounds, may be difficult, the temporal migration of the depocenter, as well as the basin architecture of upward coarsening cyclicity, show a strong tectonic and structural overprint that suggests a tectonic framework for the Southern Bida basin similar in origin to a pull-apart basin.

  20. Public budgeting, public policy, and the politics of resource allocation in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ugorji, E.C.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem of determining who gets what in terms of allocating the nation's resources has plagued Nigerian leaders since independence. It is in this context that this dissertation is focused on the politics of the federal governments's use of the budget as an effective mechanism for mobilizing and constructively utilizing the nation's human and material resources to improve the general well-being of all segments of the Nigerian society. This study was conducted through direct interviews and discussions with some federal government officials and some Nigerian scholars concerned about the problems of development in Nigeria. From the findings, it is concluded that the federal budget process has not functioned efficiently and effectively as a vehicle for moving the nation forward in the direction of sustained and balanced economic progress. Whereas the above situation can be attributed to some structural deficiencies in the budgetary process, it can also be argued that bribery and corruption, fraud and misuse of public funds by politicians and top government officials, be they civilians or military, have undermined all efforts at using the budget as an instrument for accomplishing development objectives.

  1. Analysis of information use by scientists and engineers in the petroleum industry in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nkereuwem, E.E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Information sources used by various groups of people have been the subject of examination especially in the developed countries from numerous perspectives. These have ranged from an effort to determine their information needs to an attempt to establish the correlation between information and national development. This study is concerned with the petroleum industry in Nigeria. It was found that there was no significant difference between the scientists and engineers in the frequency of use of published information sources, but engineers used interpersonal sources more frequently than the scientists. There was no significant difference in the effectiveness of published and interpersonal sources in meeting information needs of both groups. Scientists used libraries more frequently than engineers; libraries mainly used could not meet the information needs of scientists and engineers. There was no absolute correlation between frequency of library use and perception of users in adequacy of libraries in meeting thier information needs. Computers were not used for information retrieval in libraries mainly used by the respondents.

  2. Evaluation of oil palm research and the dissemination of its results in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agiobenebo, T.J.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation evaluates public investment in oil palm research and the dissemination of research results in Nigeria using the economic surplus technique adapted to suit the specific setting in which these activities are carried out. The issues raised include: (1) development of appropriate test of investment effectiveness suitable for appraising public investment in hybrid palm research and extension; (2) specification and econometric estimation of supply and demand functions for oil and kernels; (3) computation of the social returns to research; (4) sensitivity of returns to variations in extraction rates for both oil and kernels; (5) sensitivity of returns to research to types of supply shift; and (6) isolation of qualitative implications for public policy with respect to maximum exploitation of the economic opportunities offered by the knowledge generated by oil palm research. The author found that investments in hybrid palm research and extension are socially profitable under a wide range of conditions. The returns to research and related activities were computed and reported by periods according to the data situation and accrued, expected and total benefits over the investment.

  3. Daylighting systems for the Kuwait National Museum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahn, Byoungsoo

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    sky condition (Southeast gallery, 12:00 PM, Jun 21) .......................................................... 54 50 Iso-contour image under the clear sky and overcast sky condition (Southeast gallery, 12:00 PM, Jun 21...) .......................................................... 55 51 False color image under the clear sky and overcast sky condition (Southeast gallery, 12:00 PM, Dec 21).......................................................... 56 52 Iso-contour image under the clear sky and overcast sky...

  4. Kuwait: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMALTexas:Kuju Kanko Hotel GeothermalKumbaKurt

  5. Ocean Sci., 2, 2741, 2006 www.ocean-sci.net/2/27/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of United Arab Emirates is a major driver of this baroclinic circulation. 1 Introduction The Persian Gulf bordering the Per- sian Gulf are the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait and Iraq (Emery, 1956). Extensive shallow regions, United Arab Emirates

  6. Petrochemical industry in the Middle East: current status, uncertainties, global impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The situation and perspective of the petrochemical industry in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, IR Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, the UAE, SP Libyan AJ, Algeria, and Egypt are reviewed. Special attention is given to the budgetary constraints, foreign partners, the costs, the markets, and the impact of falling oil prices.

  7. Lead and other metals distribution in local cooking salt from the Fofi salt- spring in Akwana, Middle Benue Trough, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dim, L.A.; Kinyua, A.M.; Munyithya, J.M.; Adetunji, J. (Centre for Nuclear Science Techniques, Faculty of Engineering, University of Nairobi (Kenya))

    1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) technique has been used to determine the concentrations of lead(Pb) and other heavy metals in local cooking salts (LCS) from Akwana village, Middle Benue Trough, Nigeria. The comparison of the distribution of these metals in LCS, fake salt (FS) and the usual common salts (CS) are given. Lead was found to be enriched in LCS by factor exceeding 200 times compared to the other salts. The origin of Pb contamination in the LCS is examined and its effects on the inhabitants of the village are considered.

  8. Integrated fault seal analysis and risk assessemt: Okan and Meren Fields, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eisenberg, R.A. [Chevron Petroleum Technology, Co., La Habra, CA (United States); Brenneman, R.J. [Chevron Overseas Petroleum Co., San Ramon, CA (United States); Adepoju, A.A. [Chevron Nigeria Ltd., Lagos (Nigeria)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Integration of production, geochemical, seismic, well log, and structural data provides important constraints on the sealing capacity and dynamic behavior of fault juxtaposed reservoirs in Okan and Meren fields, offshore Nigeria. Correlations were found between pressure decline histories, juxtaposed fluid types, oil composition, fluid contact relationships, fault sealing/leaking condition, and estimates of the composition of the fault gouge. Fault plane sections defined reservoir juxtapositions and potential cross-fault spill points. Smear gouge ratios calculated from E-logs were used to estimate the composition of fault-gouge materials between juxtaposed reservoirs. These tools augmented interpretation of seal/nonseal character in proved reservoirs and were used to quantify fault seal risk of untested, fault-dependent closures. In the Okan Field juxtapositions of the G-, H, L-, M, and O-sands were analyzed. Smear gouge ratios correlated to fluid contact relationships and pressure decline histories within these juxtaposed reservoirs empirically calibrate sealing potential. The results of these analyses were then used to interpret production-induced fault seal breakdown within the G-sands and to risk seal integrity of fault-dependent closures within the untested 0-sands in an adjacent, upthrown fault block. Within this fault block the presence of potential fault intersection leak points and large areas of sand/sand juxtaposition with high smear gouge ratios (low sealing potential) limits column heights and potential reserves within the O-sand package. In the Meren Field the E- and G-sands are juxtaposed, on different pressure decline, geochemically distinct, and are characterized by low smear gouge ratios. In contrast, the G- and H-sands, juxtaposed across the same fault, contain similar OOWCs and are characterized by high smear gouge ratios.

  9. Reservoir compartmentalization of deep-water Intra Qua Iboe sand (Pliocene), Edop field, offshore Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hermance, W.E.; Olaifa, J.O. [Mobile Producing Nigeria, Lagos (Nigeria); Shanmugam, G. [Mobile Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (United States)] [and others

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An integration of 3-D seismic and sedimentological information provides a basis for recognizing and mapping individual flow units within the Intra Qua Iboe (IQI) reservoir (Pliocene), Edop Field, offshore Nigeria. Core examination show the following depositional facies: A-Sandy slump/mass flow, B-Muddy slump/mass flow, C. Bottom current reworking. D-Non-channelized turbidity currents, E. Channelized (coalesced) turbidity currents. F-Channelized (isolated) turbidity currents, G-Pelagic/hemipelagic, H-Levee, I-Reworked slope, J-Wave dominated, and K-Tide dominated facies. With the exception of facies J and K, all these facies are of deep-water affinity. The IQI was deposited on an upper slope environment in close proximity to the shelf edge. Through time, as the shelf edge migrated scaward, deposition began with a channel dominated deep-water system (IQI 1 and 2) and progressed through a slump/debris flow dominated deep-water system (IQI 3, the principle reservoir) to a tide and wave dominated shallow-water system (IQI 4). Compositional and textural similarities between the deep-water facies result in similar log motifs. Furthermore, these depositional facies are not readily apparent as distinct seismic facies. Deep-water facies A, D, E, and F are reservoir facies, whereas facies B, C, G, H, and I are non-reservoir facies. However, Facies G is useful as a seismically mappable event throughout the study area. Mapping of these non-reservoir events provides the framework for understanding gross reservoir architecture. This study has resulted in seven defined reservoir units within the IQI, which serves as the architectural framework for ongoing reservoir characterization.

  10. Slump dominated upper slope reservoir facies, Intra Qua Iboe (Pliocene), Edop Field, offshore Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shanmugam, G. [Mobil Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (United States); Hermance, W.E.; Olaifa, J.O. [Mobil Producing Nigeria, Lagos (Nigeria)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An integration of sedimentologic and 3D seismic data provides a basis for unraveling complex depositional processes and sand distribution of the Intra Qua Iboe (IQI) reservoir (Pliocene), Edop Field, offshore Nigeria. Nearly 3,000 feet of conventional core was examined in interpreting slump/slide/debris flow, bottom current, turbidity current, pelagic/hemipelagic, wave and tide dominated facies. The IQI was deposited on an upper slope in close proximity to the shelf edge. Through time, as the shelf edge migrated seaward, deposition began with a turbidite channel dominated slope system (IQI 1 and 2) and progressed through a slump/debris flow dominated slope system (IQI 3, the principal reservoir) to a tide and wave dominated, collapsed shelf-edge deltaic system (IQI 4). Using seismic time slices and corresponding depositional facies in the core, a sandy {open_quotes}fairway{open_quotes} has been delineated in the IQI 3. Because of differences in stacking patterns of sandy and muddy slump intervals, seismic facies show: (1) both sheet-like and mounded external forms (geometries), and (2) parallel/continuous as well as chaotic/hummocky internal reflections. In wireline logs, slump facies exhibits blocky, coarsening-up, fining-up, and serrated motifs. In the absence of conventional core, slump facies may be misinterpreted and even miscorrelated because seismic facies and log motifs of slumps and debris flows tend to mimic properties of turbidite fan deposits. The slump dominated reservoir facies is composed of unconsolidated fine-grained sand. Thickness of individual units varies from 1 to 34 feet, but amalgamated intervals reach a thickness of up to 70 feet and apparently form connected sand bodies. Porosity commonly ranges from 20 to 35%. Horizontal permeability commonly ranges from 1,000 to 3,000 md.

  11. Integrated fault seal analysis and risk assessemt: Okan and Meren Fields, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eisenberg, R.A. (Chevron Petroleum Technology, Co., La Habra, CA (United States)); Brenneman, R.J. (Chevron Overseas Petroleum Co., San Ramon, CA (United States)); Adepoju, A.A. (Chevron Nigeria Ltd., Lagos (Nigeria))

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Integration of production, geochemical, seismic, well log, and structural data provides important constraints on the sealing capacity and dynamic behavior of fault juxtaposed reservoirs in Okan and Meren fields, offshore Nigeria. Correlations were found between pressure decline histories, juxtaposed fluid types, oil composition, fluid contact relationships, fault sealing/leaking condition, and estimates of the composition of the fault gouge. Fault plane sections defined reservoir juxtapositions and potential cross-fault spill points. Smear gouge ratios calculated from E-logs were used to estimate the composition of fault-gouge materials between juxtaposed reservoirs. These tools augmented interpretation of seal/nonseal character in proved reservoirs and were used to quantify fault seal risk of untested, fault-dependent closures. In the Okan Field juxtapositions of the G-, H, L-, M, and O-sands were analyzed. Smear gouge ratios correlated to fluid contact relationships and pressure decline histories within these juxtaposed reservoirs empirically calibrate sealing potential. The results of these analyses were then used to interpret production-induced fault seal breakdown within the G-sands and to risk seal integrity of fault-dependent closures within the untested 0-sands in an adjacent, upthrown fault block. Within this fault block the presence of potential fault intersection leak points and large areas of sand/sand juxtaposition with high smear gouge ratios (low sealing potential) limits column heights and potential reserves within the O-sand package. In the Meren Field the E- and G-sands are juxtaposed, on different pressure decline, geochemically distinct, and are characterized by low smear gouge ratios. In contrast, the G- and H-sands, juxtaposed across the same fault, contain similar OOWCs and are characterized by high smear gouge ratios.

  12. Biotechnology research in Nigeria: A socio-economic analysis of the organication of agricultural research system's response to biotechnology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duru, G.C.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many agricultural development experts and social scientists argue that a lack of appropriate technology was a limiting factor in the efforts by developing countries to expand their agricultural productivity. Biotechnology is now advanced as a technology that could meet these needs. Agricultural and social scientists maintain that the new biotechnology, if realistically applied, could assist a developing nation such as Nigeria to solve its agricultural problems. But one concern is the private character of biotechnology which limits its transferability to the LDCs. This situation will impose unusual constraints on national agricultural development programs and increase dependence if national research capability is weak. The basic finding of this field research was that the Nigerian national agricultural research system was weak, which meant that the potentials and promises of biotechnology will elude the country's desire to improve its agriculture in the immediate future. The primary weakness rested in inadequate funding and infrastructural deficiencies.

  13. 3-D visualisation and interpretation of seismic attributes extracted from large 3-D seismic datasets: Subregional and prospect evaluation, deepwater Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sola, M.; Haakon Nordby, L.; Dailey, D.V.; Duncan, E.A. [BP and Statoil Alliance, Stavanger (Norway)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    High resolution 3-D visualization of horizon interpretation and seismic attributes from large 3-D seismic surveys in deepwater Nigeria has greatly enhanced the exploration team`s ability to quickly recognize prospective segments of subregional and prospect specific scale areas. Integrated workstation generated structure, isopach and extracted horizon consistent, interval and windowed attributes are particularly useful in illustrating the complex structural and stratigraphical prospectivity of deepwater Nigeria. Large 3-D seismic volumes acquired over 750 square kilometers can be manipulated within the visualization system with attribute tracking capability that allows for real time data interrogation and interpretation. As in classical seismic stratigraphic studies, pattern recognition is fundamental to effective depositions facies interpretation and reservoir model construction. The 3-D perspective enhances the data interpretation through clear representation of relative scale, spatial distribution and magnitude of attributes. In deepwater Nigeria, many prospective traps rely on an interplay between syndepositional structure and slope turbidite depositional systems. Reservoir systems in many prospects appear to be dominated by unconfined to moderately focused slope feeder channel facies. These units have spatially complex facies architecture with feeder channel axes separated by extensive interchannel areas. Structural culminations generally have a history of initial compressional folding with late in extensional collapse and accommodation faulting. The resulting complex trap configurations often have stacked reservoirs over intervals as thick as 1500 meters. Exploration, appraisal and development scenarios in these settings can be optimized by taking full advantage of integrating high resolution 3-D visualization and seismic workstation interpretation.

  14. 3-D visualisation and interpretation of seismic attributes extracted from large 3-D seismic datasets: Subregional and prospect evaluation, deepwater Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sola, M.; Haakon Nordby, L.; Dailey, D.V.; Duncan, E.A. (BP and Statoil Alliance, Stavanger (Norway))

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High resolution 3-D visualization of horizon interpretation and seismic attributes from large 3-D seismic surveys in deepwater Nigeria has greatly enhanced the exploration team's ability to quickly recognize prospective segments of subregional and prospect specific scale areas. Integrated workstation generated structure, isopach and extracted horizon consistent, interval and windowed attributes are particularly useful in illustrating the complex structural and stratigraphical prospectivity of deepwater Nigeria. Large 3-D seismic volumes acquired over 750 square kilometers can be manipulated within the visualization system with attribute tracking capability that allows for real time data interrogation and interpretation. As in classical seismic stratigraphic studies, pattern recognition is fundamental to effective depositions facies interpretation and reservoir model construction. The 3-D perspective enhances the data interpretation through clear representation of relative scale, spatial distribution and magnitude of attributes. In deepwater Nigeria, many prospective traps rely on an interplay between syndepositional structure and slope turbidite depositional systems. Reservoir systems in many prospects appear to be dominated by unconfined to moderately focused slope feeder channel facies. These units have spatially complex facies architecture with feeder channel axes separated by extensive interchannel areas. Structural culminations generally have a history of initial compressional folding with late in extensional collapse and accommodation faulting. The resulting complex trap configurations often have stacked reservoirs over intervals as thick as 1500 meters. Exploration, appraisal and development scenarios in these settings can be optimized by taking full advantage of integrating high resolution 3-D visualization and seismic workstation interpretation.

  15. Intelligent scraping experience using ultrasonics in two 60in./56in. dual diameter 100 km seawater transmission pipelines in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, A.F.; Chu, K.S.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi ARAMCO`s two 60in./56in. (1524/1422 mm) diameter Seawater Injection Pipelines used for secondary oil recovery stretch from the Seawater Treatment Plant across the Arabian Desert for a distance of approximately 100 kilometers. Both lines were put into operation in mid 1978 using over the ditch Plicoflex tape wrap as a means of protection against external corrosion. A significant portion of both pipelines (32 km of each line) runs through Subkha (salty moist) areas. A series of test hole evaluations in 1989 indicated moderate to sever external corrosion particularly in Subkha which necessitated sleeving and external coating application. In 1991 a series of leaks, four (4) in total over a period of two (2) months occurred in Pipeline {number_sign}2 due to external corrosion. This suggested that the line(s) were in urgent need of at least partial replacement or major rehabilitation. Prior to making a final decision on partial replacement it was decided to run an Intelligent Scraper in both pipelines to ascertain both internal and external pipeline conditions. An Ultrasonic Scraper the largest of it`s kind in the world, similar to what was used in the Alyeska Pipeline was developed and successfully run in both pipelines in February 1993. This paper discusses the pipeline history, test hole evaluations, Intelligent Scraping experiences, field evaluation for anomaly verification, and repair of approximately 120 locations as identified by the Intelligent Scraping run. The Intelligent Scraping evaluation played a major role in the cancellation of partial pipeline replacement with cost savings estimated $30 MM.

  16. A13B-0215: Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations of unusually high cloud droplet concentrations in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene, University of North Dakota (delene@aero.und.edu; http://aerosol.atmos.und.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    ' cloud: Observations of unusually high cloud droplet concentrations in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene Arabia show a color change, from white during the time of low droplet number concentration, to brown by the cloud is investigated and the changes in cloud properties are documented. Conclusions The 'brown' ice

  17. Application of an inverse method for calculating three-dimensional fault geometries and clip vectors, Nun River Field, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kerr, H.G.; White, N. [Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A general, automatic method for determining the three-dimensional geometry of a normal fault of any shape and size is applied to a three-dimensional seismic reflection data set from the Nun River field, Nigeria. In addition to calculating fault geometry, the method also automatically retrieves the extension direction without requiring any previous information about either the fault shape or the extension direction. Solutions are found by minimizing the misfit between sets of faults that are calculated from the observed geometries of two or more hanging-wall beds. In the example discussed here, the predicted fault surface is in excellent agreement with the shape of the seismically imaged fault. Although the calculated extension direction is oblique to the average strike of the fault, the value of this parameter is not well resolved. Our approach differs markedly from standard section-balancing models in two important ways. First, we do not assume that the extension direction is known, and second, the use of inverse theory ensures that formal confidence bounds can be determined for calculated fault geometries. This ability has important implications for a range of geological problems encountered at both exploration and production scales. In particular, once the three-dimensional displacement field has been constrained, the difficult but important problem of three-dimensional palinspastic restoration of hanging-wall structures becomes tractable.

  18. The use of exploration 3D seismic data to optimise oil exploration in OPL 210 deepwater, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, L.C.; Lilletveit, R.; Sandvoll, T. [Statoil and BP Alliance, Stavanger (Norway)] [and others

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Allied Energy and the Statoil and BP Alliance are currently partners in the OPL 210 license, in deepwater Nigeria. The license has a 5 year initial exploration phase which carries a two well commitment. To optimize the location of these wells in this challenging and costly drilling environment the partnership has decided to acquire extensive exploration 3D seismic data within the block. Interpretation of the first of two planned 3D surveys has led to a much clearer understanding of: (a) The structural segmentation of the prospect and thus a clearer idea of the likely hydrocarbon pool size. (b) The distribution of amplitude anomalies and thus, hopefully, a superior understanding of reservoir distribution and hydrocarbons. Here the limiting factor is clearly the lack of deepwater geophysical calibration, due to the absence of wells. Consequently, conclusions at this stage, are qualitative either than quantative. Combined with detailed seismic stratigraphic and high tech geophysical analysis, these two aspects will assist in the highgrading of segments in the prospect, prior to final decisions on the well locations. The first well, planned for 1995, will be one of the first wells drilled in the Nigerian deepwater area. Examples of both 2D and 3D data will be used to demonstrate the above and some of the first well results will be integrated into our interpretation to highlight how some of our perceptions may have changed.

  19. Stability versus Sustainability: Energy Policy in the Gulf Monarchies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krane, Jim

    2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    ,  domestic  burning  of  crude  oil,  diesel,  and  heavy  fuel  oil  is  already  reducing  exports and state income. Fuel consumption in power generation was equivalent to 12% of  the country’s oil production in 2010. This figure is expected to rise to 21...                                                          7 55% of Saudi power was derived from liquid fuel?based generation, as was 71% in Kuwait and 18% in  Oman, where (as in Saudi Arabia) diesel generation provides electricity in areas beyond transmission grids  (IEA 2011).  8 Unconventional gas...

  20. Material flows of mobile phones and accessories in Nigeria: Environmental implications and sound end-of-life management options

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osibanjo, Oladele [Department of Chemistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State (Nigeria)], E-mail: osibanjo@baselnigeria.org; Nnorom, Innocent Chidi [Department of Industrial Chemistry, Abia State University Uturu (Nigeria)

    2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Presently, Nigeria is one of the fastest growing Telecom markets in the world. The country's teledensity increased from a mere 0.4 in 1999 to 10 in 2005 following the liberalization of the Telecom sector in 2001. More than 25 million new digital mobile lines have been connected by June 2006. Large quantities of mobile phones and accessories including secondhand and remanufactured products are being imported to meet the pent-up demand. This improvement in mobile telecom services resulted in the preference of mobile telecom services to fixed lines. Consequently, the contribution of fixed lines decreased from about 95% in year 2000 to less than 10% in March 2005. This phenomenal progress in information technology has resulted in the generation of large quantities of electronic waste (e-waste) in the country. Abandoned fixed line telephone sets estimated at 120,000 units are either disposed or stockpiled. Increasing quantities of waste mobile phones estimated at 8 million units by 2007, and accessories will be generated. With no material recovery facility for e-waste and/or appropriate solid waste management infrastructure in place, these waste materials end up in open dumps and unlined landfills. These practices create the potential for the release of toxic metals and halocarbons from batteries, printed wiring boards, liquid crystal display and plastic housing units. This paper presents an overview of the developments in the Nigerian Telecom sector, the material in-flow of mobile phones, and the implications of the management practices for wastes from the Telecom sector in the country.

  1. School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering -Graduate Post Graduate Activities Detail & History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipson, Michal

    Saudi Aramco* Process Engineer Dhahran SAUDI ARABIA MENG Saudi Aramco* Engineer Dhahran SAUDI ARABIA MS

  2. Concentrations of trace and other elements in the organs of wild rats and birds from the Northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapu, M.M.; Schaeffer, D.J. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana (United States)); Akanya, H.O. (Federal Univ. of Technology, Minna (Nigeria)); Ega, R.A.; Olofu, E.O.; Balarabe, M.L. (Ahmadu Bello Univ., Zaria (Nigeria)); Chafe, U.M. (Usmanu Danfodiyo Univ., Sokota (Nigeria))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In regions of human activities, where metal enter local aquatic ecosystems from the atmosphere and through wastewater outfalls, metal concentrations in food chains can exceed natural background levels and be above the threshold levels for sensitive species. Accordingly, metal levels in the organs and tissues of livestock and wildlife have been extensively studied. However, there are no reports of metal concentrations in the organs and tissues of wild animals from the Northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria. The mole rat (Africanthus niloticus, L) and village weaver bird (Ploceus cucullatus, L) contribute significantly to farm crop losses from sowing to harvest. Because there are no industries capable of causing metal contamination in the study area, the present study was undertaken to determine the natural baseline levels of metals for wild rats and birds from this environment.

  3. Improving Operational Strategies of an Institutional Building in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ragom, F.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and lab/office equipment. The base consumption of the building was found to be 800 MWh per month. This amount was being consumed regularly throughout the year, and it represented the minimum consumption of the winter months. By inspecting the building... consumption of the side lamps assuming an average lamp rating of 60W and that they are used 5 days a week for 7.5 hours per day will be 11 MWh/year. To change the employees habits with regards to utilization of lighting system, the third strategy...

  4. Conceptual Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminal design for Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljeeran, Fares

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This research study investigated a new conceptual design for a modular structural configuration incorporating storage for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) within the base of the platform structure. The structure, referred to as a modified gravity base...

  5. The life cycle assessment of concrete manufacturing in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El Mostafa, Mayce (Mayce A.)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Concrete is the second most widely used material in the world after water. Annually 9,120 million tons of concrete are produced, which is an equivalent of 1.3 tons of concrete per individual. As the world's primary ...

  6. Energy Conservation Program in Kuwait: A Local Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajiah, A. E.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    power demand and over 50% of annual energy consumption. The Ministry of Energy has to meet the growing demand for electricity by building new power plants that require high investments. This paper highlights the advancement in the Energy Conservation... the fuel consumption at the power plants and will indeed result in less emission of Carbon Dioxide and better environment. Key words: energy efficiency, air-conditioning, control strategies, thermal storage, greenhouse gas emission. 1...

  7. Conceptual Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminal design for Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljeeran, Fares

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This research study investigated a new conceptual design for a modular structural configuration incorporating storage for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) within the base of the platform structure. The structure, referred to ...

  8. U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Kuwait | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2, 2015 -Helicopter Accident atConference | Department of

  9. NREL: Technology Transfer - Kuwait Visitors Interested in NREL Solar and

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy: Grid IntegrationReport Available for DownloadHydrogenGeothermal

  10. Impact of 3-D seismic data on the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation/Chevron Nigeria Limited joint venture development drilling program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quam, S. (Chevron Nigeria Ltd., Lagos (Nigeria))

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation/Chevron Nigeria Limited joint venture has been acquiring three-dimensional (3-D) seismic data over its concessions since 1984. To date, 1700 km[sup 2] have been recorded and processed at a cumulative cost of US $39 million. During 1991 - 1992, 20 development wells were drilled based directly on new 3-D seismic interpretations. These wells have added 148 million bbl of oil in new recoverable reserves, and to date have added 37,000 bbl/day to the joint venture's production. In addition, the 3-D interpretations have resulted in a sizable inventory of wells for future development drilling. The new 3-D interpretations provided more accurate pictures of fault patterns, fluid contacts, channel trends, stratigraphic continuity, and velocity/amplitude anomalies. In addition, the 3-D data were invaluable in designing low risk, directional well trajectories to tap relatively thin oil legs under large gas caps. Wells often were programmed to hit several objectives at their respective gas/oil contacts, resulting in maximized net oil sand pays and reducing the risk of gas production. In order to do this, directional [open quotes]sharpshooting,[close quotes] accurate depth conversion of the seismic time maps, was critical. By using the 3-D seismic, checkshot, and sonic data to develop a variable velocity space, well-top prognoses within 50 ft at depths of 6,000-10,000 ft were possible, and were key to the success of the program. As the joint venture acreage becomes more mature, development wells will be drilled for smaller numbers of stacked objectives, and sometimes for single sands. Highly accurate 3-D interpretations and depth conversions will become even more critical in order to tap thinner pay zones in a cost-effect manner.

  11. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DPRK) Korea (ROK) Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia LebanonDPRK) Korea (ROK) Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia LebanonKorea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Liberia

  12. The education of women in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quintanilla, Linda Jean

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , villages, and cities. Nor was this region attrac- tive to Western powers, and so it escaped Western colonial- ism. Some areas were eventually occupied, however. These were the western provinces, and the al-Hasa, in the east, both of which were dominated..., and domestic science. (14) The Period of the Early 1900's Beginning in the early 1900's, education in Arabia started to change rapidly. At that time, the Ottomans, who controlled the Higaz, in western Arabia, and the al-Hasa in the eas t, decided...

  13. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Solar Radiation Atlas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NREL

    1998-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This atlas provides a record of monthly mean solar radiation generated by a Climatological Solar Radiation model, using quasi-climatological inputs of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, ozone, surface albedo, and atmospheric pressure.

  14. Saudi Electricity Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey Jump to:WY)ProjectValley,IsabelSarsia

  15. A global perspective on energy markets and economic integration.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, Arnold Barry

    2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    What will be the effect of Iraqi domestic instability on Iraqi oil production Negotiations for Iranian nuclear technology on Iranian oil supplies Saudi commitment to expanded oil production President Putin's policies on Russian oil and natural gas supplies President Chavez's policies on Venezuelan oil supplies Instability in Nigeria Higher oil prices on world economic growth Effect of economic growth on oil demand in China, India, U.S., etc. Higher oil prices on non-OPEC oil supplies

  16. Brandeis University International Student & Scholar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraden, Seth

    India 69 India 22 Saudi Arabia 27 Canada 13 Taiwan 24 Israel 12 Israel 18 Vietnam 10 Nigeria 16 Turkey 8/Kenya/Spain/Thailand/Venezuela 4 Pakistan 11 Top 10 Countries for Scholars P.R. China 49 India 26 Israel 20 Germany 17 Canada 13/Television/Interactive Media 1 1 Finance 64 23 87 Genetic Counseling 3 3 General Studies/Undeclared 282 1 283 Health Policy

  17. Characterisation of CTX-M-?-lactamases in enterobacteriaceaeae in hospitals in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almaraghi, Norya

    2013-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Introduction: In this decade, the CTX-M family of enzymes are considered to be the most common type of extended-spectrum ?-lactamases (ESBLs). The production of these Class A ?-lactamases are noted to be most prevalent ...

  18. Social and Economic Challenges of Implementing Sustainable Materials on Buildings in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Foraih, R.; Al-Fahad, F.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    management and occupant cooperation. This raises challenges when requiring cooperation from building occupants and cleaning staff for the solid waste management credits which require dedication to reduce the amount of waste going to landfills and incinerating...

  19. MEW Efforts in Reducing Electricity and Water Consumption in Government and Private Sectors in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Tayar, I.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and shallow wells ? 1925 - 1951 - water imported from Shatt Al-Arab, Iraq ? 1951 - public water supply service established and managed by the State ? 1951 - KOC installs a small desalination plant ? 1960 - discovery of fresh water at Al...-Raudhatain ? 1970 - to date - rapid increase of desalination capacity Historical Background - Water Electricity Generation and Water Desalination No . Power Station Establishe d Electricity Generation Water Production Year Million kW Million emperor...

  20. The Influence of Air-Conditioning Efficiency in the Peak Load Demand for Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, A. A.; Maheshwari, G. P.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in reduction in peak load demand and savings of KD 2,301 million in capital expenditures are possible for the years between 2001 and 2025 if the PR of AC systems are improved to 1.2 kW/RT from its present level of 2.0 kW/RT. Also, it is estimated that extent...

  1. The Influence of Air-Conditioning Efficiency in the Peak Load Demand for Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, A. A.; Maheshwari, G. P.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) The annual savings realized in peak load demand and cost of electric power generation and distribution network ( ) due to this revision are: nPRSAV PL ,, n,PR SAV nPRACACnPRAC PLPLPL ,,,, ?=? (4) 400*000,1* ,,, nPRACnPR PLSAV...

  2. Radiological Conditions in Areas of Kuwait with Residues of Depleted Uranium RADIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    Under the terms of Article III of its Statute, the IAEA is authorized to establish standards of safety for protection against ionizing radiation and to provide for the application of these standards to peaceful nuclear activities. The regulatory related publications by means of which the IAEA establishes safety standards and measures are issued in the IAEA Safety Standards Series. This series covers nuclear safety, radiation safety, transport safety and waste safety, and also general safety (that is, of relevance in two or more of the four areas), and the categories within it are Safety Fundamentals, Safety Requirements and Safety Guides. Safety Fundamentals (blue lettering) present basic objectives, concepts and principles of safety and protection in the development and application of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. Safety Requirements (red lettering) establish the requirements that must be met to ensure safety. These requirements, which are expressed as ‘shall ’ statements, are governed by the objectives and principles presented in the Safety Fundamentals. Safety Guides (green lettering) recommend actions, conditions or procedures for meeting safety requirements. Recommendations in Safety Guides are expressed as ‘should ’ statements, with the implication that it is necessary to take the measures recommended or equivalent alternative measures to comply with the requirements. The IAEA’s safety standards are not legally binding on Member States but may be adopted by them, at their own discretion, for use in national regulations in respect of their own activities. The standards are binding on the IAEA in relation to its own operations and on States in relation to operations assisted by the IAEA. Information on the IAEA’s safety standards programme (including editions in languages other than English) is available at the IAEA Internet site www.iaea.org/ns/coordinet

  3. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman Meets with U.S. Troops in Kuwait |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCO OverviewRepository |Complex"Department of Energy BodmanDepartment

  4. Pigmented Bowen's disease of the penis and scrotum in a patient with AIDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Dawsari, Najla A; Raslan, Wasim; Dawamneh, M Fawaz

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    20 (4): 16 Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization, SaudiHealth Center Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization,

  5. Sclerotic atrophic plaques associated with a tattoo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Dawsari, Najla A; Croke, John; Yaar, Mina

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    20 (7): 16 Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization, SaudiHealth Center Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization,

  6. New constraints in absorptive capacity and the optimum rate of petroleum output

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mallakh, R

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economic policy in four oil-producing countries is analyzed within a framework that combines a qualitative assessment of the policy-making process with an empirical formulation based on historical and current trends in these countries. The concept of absorptive capacity is used to analyze the optimum rates of petroleum production in Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. A control solution with an econometric model is developed which is then modified for alternative development strategies based on analysis of factors influencing production decisions. The study shows the consistencies and inconsistencies between the goals of economic growth, oil production, and exports, and the constraints on economic development. Simulation experiments incorporated a number of the constraints on absorptive capacity. Impact of other constraints such as income distribution and political stability is considered qualitatively. (DLC)

  7. The post-war Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tempest, P.

    1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The Middle East remains today the global energy fulcrum. One year after the Persian Gulf war, the region is in greater turmoil and political uncertainty than it has known in modern times. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and subsequent external military intervention forced neighboring states to question the need for a foreign military presence in the future. The rift between the secular revolutionary states in the region led by Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Algeria, and Syria and the traditional monarchy of Saudi Arabia and the emirates of the gulf has widened. Egypt provides, at present, an uncomfortable bridge. The balance of political forces may be shifting. This paper attempts to answer the following questions: Where will we see the new leadership in the Middle East Will it again play a role through the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and determination of the oil price in shaping the structure of global energy supply and demand

  8. Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a ``Mini Nuclear Winter`` as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

  9. Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a Mini Nuclear Winter'' as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

  10. Trade balance instability and the optimal exchange rate regime: The case of OPEC countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aljerrah, M.A.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The OPEC members have experienced wide fluctuations in their trade balances. This can be attributed to several factors: (1) heavy dependence of national income and export earnings on a single primary export-oil; (2) instability of price and world demand for oil; and (3) the exchange rate regime practiced in recent years. An exchange rate policy can be used to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance, given the changes in exchange rates of major international currencies. The purpose of this study is two fold; first, examine the effects of fluctuations in trade balance on the OPEC economies, and second, propose appropriate exchange rate regime for selected OPEC members. The study is divided into two parts. The first part demonstrates the impact of trade balance changes on national income and other macroeconomic variables using a Keynesian framework. The second part involves using conventional trade models to search for the appropriate exchange rate regime to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance of each selective country. The study's findings are: first, fluctuations in trade balances had negative effects on the economics of Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Second, the current exchange rate regime of no sample country is optimal in minimizing trade balance fluctuations. Third, in contrast to expectations, U.S. dollar peg did not stabilize the trade balance of any OPEC member. Finally, the results show that the sample OPEC economies could have enjoyed faster - though with different degree - economic growth if they had pegged their currencies to the derived optimal exchange rate regime. These optimal exchange rate regimes are: the SDR for Algeria and the United Arab Emirates, the purchasing power parity for Libya and Saudi Arabia, and the real Yen for Kuwait.

  11. SCADA computer sytem controls major Saudi Aramco crude oil pipeline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dempsey, J.; Al-Habib, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A replacement Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) computer system which monitors and controls two 1,100 kilometer pipelines and eleven associated pump stations is described. The SCADA system was designed to meet two objectives: (1) decentralize the overall control system and provide a distributed control system capable of regulatory control at each pump and pressure reducing station, and (2) provide system wide monitoring and supervisory control function during normal operations at the crude oil terminal. The SCADA computer system hardware (host computers and consoles), software modules, and applications are overviewed. A data flow diagram and a hardware configuration diagram are provided. 3 figs.

  12. alriyadh region saudi: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    encompasses a variety of offenses, including but not limited to the murder of police officers acting under an official capacity and murders accompanied by the...

  13. version 25Apr11b From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Blogs: 1. Global Fracking http://globalfracking.blogspot.com/ 2. Middle East and North African Oil http

  14. adult saudi patients: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    adult psychiatric patients. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Background: Knowledge about attention-deficithyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum...

  15. abha saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

  16. arabia saudi biological: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

  17. Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMay 2015ParentsMiddle School (6-8)Need for a SecondInvestments | Department

  18. Readout of Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR - TProcuringDepartment of Energy Energy Secretary Chu's

  19. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump to: navigation, search Name:Riverway

  20. Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump638324°, -122.0230146° Show

  1. Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergy OffshoreDeveloper - Q & A Home

  2. Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014,Zaleski - Policy Advisor, EnergyA look atTransfersin

  3. Dictators, democrats, and development in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeVan, Arthur Carl

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Senate in May 2005. U.S. Representative John Conyers, Jr. (passed by the House of Representatives in 2004 and by theensure that policy making is representative of the country’s

  4. The State and Rural Development in Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nwosu, Nereus I.A.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to benefit from rural electrification programme. The BenueInspection Team on rural electrification, Professor Nduka to

  5. U.S. LNG Imports from Nigeria

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  6. Now Nigeria looked at fiscal terms, prospects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ofurhie, M.A.; Amaechi, M.C.; Idowu, A.O. (Nigerian National Petroleum Corp., Lagos (NG))

    1991-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The allocation of funds among investment possibilities must of necessity include evaluation and ranking of alternatives. An essential prerequisite is a geophysical/geological evaluation followed by a reservoir/production analysis resulting in the prediction of recoverable reserves, reservoir performance, optimum method of development, and initial offtake return. An economic model of a typical Niger delta medium cost field with reserves of about 100 million bbl of oil under the royalty/tax system reveals that it is difficult to develop such a field when located offshore. This paper examines case histories involving smaller and larger field developments.

  7. U.S. LNG Imports from Nigeria

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayNov-14 Dec-147-2015 Liquefied Natural

  8. Wedotebary Nigeria Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmweltVillageGraph HomeWaranaWaterEnergy

  9. 264 Int. J. Nanomanufacturing, Vol. 6, Nos. 1/2/3/4, 2010 Copyright 2010 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayres, Virginia

    scholarship from the national oil company of Saudi Arabia (Saudi Aramco). His research interests include

  10. Cementing at High Pressure Zones in KSA Discovering Mystery behind Pipe Abdulla Faleh Al-Dossary, Abdulaziz Al-Majed, M. Enamul Hossain and Muhammad Kalimur Rahman, King Fahd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    & Minerals, Scott Jennings SPE, Saudi Aramco, and Riyadh Bargawi SPE, Saudi Aramco Copyright 2011, Society

  11. School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering -Undergraduate Post Graduate Activities Detail & History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipson, Michal

    Samsung Engineer I Austin TX Saudi Aramco Operation Engineer Dhahran Saudi ARABIA Schlumberger Field

  12. Introduction Report 21 of the Consortium project "Seismic Waves in Complex 3D Structures"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Bakulin (SaudiAramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia; SEG distinguished lec- turer), Norman Bleistein (Colorado

  13. GEOPHYSICS, VOL. 70, NO. 5 (SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2005); P. D55D64, 18 FIGS., 1 TABLE. 10.1190/1.2052468

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsvankin, Ilya

    received January 31, 2005; published online September 9, 2005. 1 Saudi Aramco, Dhahran 31311, Saudi Arabia

  14. Architectural Academic Tourism: Saudi Chronicles or Social Mobility for Women through Architectural Design and Education in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jann, Marga

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    to learn, though for many (some brides and mothers from a very early age) the experience was more an opportunity to socialize outside the home. During the (ongoing) MERS epidemic, students who had been seriously ill with fever and cough refused to get... .g. mechanical respiration) would actually go to the hospital, and with antibiotics readily available over-the-counter, people self-treated for cough, fever and/or pneumonia. Typically no one stayed home to protect others from infection unless they were truly...

  15. 3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Husseini, M. [Gulf PetroLink, Manama (Bahrain); Chimblo, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

  16. Drowning out the Silence: Nigerian Civil War Literature and the Politics of Gender-Based Violence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hancock, Lynn

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    UNDP). Abuja, Nigeria. Nigeria Human Development Report (Programme (UNDP). Abuja, Nigeria. Akinfolarin, W. A. (and the dearth of books in Nigeria. Publishing Research

  17. Causes and Consequences of Second Language Education: A Global Analysis From 1980 to the Present

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coyne, Gary

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, TurkmenistanKazakhstan Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Laos Latvia Lebanon

  18. Per Diem (US$)/ (Akashi) 297

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Jordan) (Amman) 182 135 (Kuwait) 339 (Bahrain) 226 (Qatar) 187 (United Arab Emirates) (Abu Dhabi) 206

  19. Smokes from the oil fires following the Gulf War: A review and new perspectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radke, L.F.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Emissions resulting from the oil fires in Kuwait and environmental effects from those emissions are described.

  20. Volunteer Day Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    when you signed in: Benin Brazil Burkina Faso China Colombia Honduras Japan Jordan Korea Kuwait Libya

  1. Thursday, February 9, 2012 ODU MODEL UN SOCIETY HOSTING 35TH ANNUAL HIGH SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and missions in Afghanistan, Botswana, the former Czechoslovakia, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Italy, Kuwait, Libya

  2. La Chua Trail Immunization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mair, Bernard A.

    China Colombia Costa Rica Ecuador France Greece India Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Qatar Russia

  3. Resource Limits and Conversion Efficiency with Implications for Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Croft, Gregory Donald

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of technical papers by Saudi Aramco personnel. Most of thesedate of yearend 2011 Saudi Aramco cancels Manifa Contract [Publishing, Tulsa OK Saudi Aramco cancels Manifa Contract,

  4. Oil and Gas Company Oil and Gas Company Address Place Zip Website

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Dhahran Saudi Arabia http www saudiaramco com en home html Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company SAMREF Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company SAMREF P O Box Yanbu S audi...

  5. Global Optimization of Chemical Reactors and Kinetic Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ALHUSSEINI, ZAYNA ISHAQ

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MA Lab Scientist Saudi Aramco R&D Center Dhahran, SaudiCTS-0829211, and Saudi Aramco Oil Company R&D is gratefullylife. I acknowledge Saudi Aramco for the financial support.

  6. 62 MATERIALS PERFORMANCE August 2009 Mechanistic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, Tingyue

    Ku, BP America, Inc., Houston, Texas ivan CruZ, Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia This article presents

  7. Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    state oil companies, Saudi Aramco, Petroleos de Venezuela,state oil companies, Saudi Aramco, Petroleos de Venezuela,

  8. Identifying Boundaries of Dominant Regions Dictating Spectrum Sharing Opportunities for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikomeroglu, Halim

    , then the interference is considered This work was funded by Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. to be non

  9. APPENDIX A: ACTIONS OF THE OCTOBER 15, 2012, MEETING OF THE BOARD OF REGENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    ., a subsidiary of the Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Saudi Aramco), to the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler

  10. Amyloidosis cutis dyschromia: a rare form of primary cutaneous amyloidosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Dawsari, Najla A; Shahab, Rana K

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Online Journal 20 (4): 5 Saudi Aramco Medical ServicesA Al-Dawsari Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization

  11. Cover Requirement and Stability of Horizontally Bent Buried Pipelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Shayea, Naser Abdul-Rahman

    for the flexural behavior of the pipe bent. Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Saudi Aramco), which is the biggest oil

  12. On the Asymptotic Analysis of Average Interference Power Generated by a Wireless Sensor Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikomeroglu, Halim

    was supported by Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. GHz at six locations including the New York City [5

  13. This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2005 SPE Technical Symposium of Saudi Arabia Section held in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, 14-16 May 2005.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    will save many producing wells from dying prematurely and save millions of dollars in produced water

  14. This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2005 SPE Technical Symposium of Saudi Arabia Section held in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, 14-16 May 2005.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    parameters like initial mud weight used for drilling, mud weight increment and problems per well were used for drilling horizontal wells. These parameters were used first on the drilling data of vertical wells. The developed procedure was then applied to the drilling data of directional wells to show the dependence of mud

  15. Sequence stratigraphy of Niger Delta, Delta field, offshore Nigeria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owoyemi, Ajibola Olaoluwa

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Niger Delta clastic wedge formed along the West Africa passive margin. This wedge has been divided into three formations that reflect long-term progradation: 1) pro-delta shales of the Akata Formation (Paleocene to Recent), 2) deltaic...

  16. Sequence stratigraphy of Niger Delta, Robertkiri field, onshore Nigeria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magbagbeola, Olusola Akintayo

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    progress upward from fine-grained prodelta and deep water shales of the Akata Formation through paralic sandstone-shale units of the Agbada Formation and finally to sandy non-marine deposits of the Benin Formation. The Agbada Formation is divided into six...

  17. The Currency of Revolution in Southern Nigeria: 1880-1948

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ibekwe Ofonagoro, Walter

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    may be gained from the stock-taking exercises effected byTreasury. The first stock-taking on March 2.2, 1880,Chilean dollars A second stock-taking on April 28, 1880,

  18. angola iran nigeria: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and the Question of Street Politics Illinois at Chicago, University of 12 Angola Croatia Iceland Nepal Sri Lanka Antigua & Barbuda Cuba India Netherlands St. Kitts & Nevis...

  19. anambra state nigeria: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    study area. Results revealed that the axes of maximum electrical anisotropy correlated well with the measured strikes of the geologic formations and the azimuth-frequency...

  20. Sequence stratigraphic framework of Neogene strata in offshore Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pacht, J.A. [Seis Strat Services, Inc., Sugar Land, TX (United States); Bowen, B.E.; Hall, D.J. [Excalibur Consulting, Houston, TX (United States)] [and others

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The western portion of the Nigerian continental margin (Dahomey Basin) exhibits stable to moderately unstable progradation. Systems tracts are similar to those described by Vail for stable progradational margins. In contrast, strata off the central and eastern portions of the Nigerian coast (Niger Delta Complex) exhibit highly unstable progradation, and systems tracts are similar to those in Neogene strata of the offshore Gulf of Mexico. Lowstand basin floor fans in both areas are defined by a well-developed upper reflection. This reflection downlaps along the sequence boundary or abuts against the downthrown side of a growth fault surface. Most lower lowstand (slope fan) strata exhibit discontinuous to semi-continuous subparallel reflections. However, this systems tract also contains channel complexes characterized by chaotic bedding with small bright spots and less common large channels, which exhibit concave-upward reflections. In the western portion of the study area, lower lowstand deposits commonly pinch out on the slope. Deposition occurred largely from point sources. In contrast, contemporaneous shallow-water facies are developed in lower lowstand systems tracts in the Niger Delta Complex. Deposition occurred along a line source. Large amplitude anomalies in the upper lowstand (prograding wedge) suggest well-developed sheet sands occur in shallow-water and deep-water in the Niger Delta complex. However, in the Dahomey Basin there is little evidence of deep-water sands in this interval. The transgressive and highstand systems tracts are usually very thin in outer shelf to basin floor strata in both areas. Both the Dahomey Basin and Niger Delta Complex exhibit different stratigraphic geometries, and therefore, require different exploration strategies.

  1. The secondary recovery project at Ogharefe Field, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aron, D.; Ashbourne, T.J.; Oloketuyi, D.O.

    1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A secondary recovery project involving water injection and gas-lift facilities was installed in the Ogharefe field in 1979 following detailed reservoir simulation studies. Two years' operation provides the opportunity to discuss the progress of the project so far.

  2. City design and social exclusion : Abuja, Nigeria in review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ebo, Ifeoma Nkemdilim

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigation explores the relationship between city design and social exclusion, and more specifically, how modernist principles of urban design and development policy have contributed to social exclusion in ...

  3. Analysis of solar radiation data for Port Harcourt, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuye, A. (Univ. of Port Harcourt (Nigeria)); Jagtap, S.S. (International Inst. of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan (Nigeria))

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The data on global irradiation incident on a horizontal surface in Port Harcourt during the 13-year period 1977-1989 are analyzed and shown to vary with the climatic changes of the year. The range of variation is found to be greatest in August. Based on the calculated average monthly clearness index values only five seasonal patterns are identified for Port Harcourt. The percentage of days with duration of sunshine less than 1.5 h is 28.3% while that greater than 9 h is 4.3%. The Angstrom type of regression model relating total global irradiation to sunshine duration has been found to be reasonably adequate only if long-term average monthly values are used.

  4. Heavy metal distribution in sediments from Calabar River, southeastern Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ntekim, E.E.U.; Ekwere, S.J.; Ukpong, E.E. [Univ. of Calabar (Nigeria)

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The concentration and areal distribution of selected metals (Pb, Zn, Cu, Cd, Ni, Fe, and Cr) in the sediments of the Calabar River were studied to determine the extent of anthropogenic input and to estimate the effects of dumping industrial waste materials into the river. The concentrations of Pb, Zn, and Cu indicate relatively moderate pollution mainly on the left-hand side of the river while Ni, Cr, Co, Cd, and Fe levels are below values found to have adverse effects on the lives of marine biota. High metal contents are found close to industrial establishments and so enhanced metal concentrations are related to industrial sewage and metal leaching from garbage and solid waste dumps. 15 refs., 6 figs., 5 tabs.

  5. Biodiesel as an Alternative Energy Resource in Southwest Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ajide O. O

    The Nigerian state faces unique issues that may provide an opportunity for rural economic growth. One of such is that major urban areas in the southwest of the country are beginning to have population increase and hence air quality problems that will require actions to reduce sources of pollution. One major pollution source is from exhaust emissions from cars and trucks. The use of alternative fuel sources such as biodiesel can make a significant reduction in certain exhaust emissions thus reducing pollution and improving air quality. The opportunity for economic growth in a single product economy like ours could lie in the processing of soybean oil and other suitable feedstocks produced within the country into biodiesel. The new fuel can be used by vehicles traversing the country thus reduce air pollution and providing another market for agricultural feedstocks while creating a value added market for animal fats and spent oils from industrial facilities. The benefits of biodiesel go far beyond the clean burning nature of the product. Bio diesel is a renewable resource helping to reduce the dependence of the economy on limited resources and imports, create a market for farmers and reduce the amount of waste oil, fat and grease being dumped into landfills and sewers.

  6. Maa-Bara : catalyzing change in Nigeria's Niger delta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okiomah, Ogheneruno E. (Ogheneruno Elo)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Can architecture catalyze economic growth? This thesis serves as a design contribution to the war against poverty by proving that small-scale architectural interventions can propagate large-scale economic growth. It ...

  7. Sequence stratigraphy of Niger Delta, Delta field, offshore Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owoyemi, Ajibola Olaoluwa

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Niger Delta clastic wedge formed along the West Africa passive margin. This wedge has been divided into three formations that reflect long-term progradation: 1) pro-delta shales of the Akata Formation (Paleocene to Recent), 2) deltaic...

  8. Petroleum geology of Benue trough and southeastern Chad basin, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petters, S.W.; Ekweozor, C.M.

    1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cretaceous cyclic sedimentation in the southern Benue trough, together with unconformities, provide a tripartite subdivision of the sedimentary succession into (1) the Albian Asu River Group, (2) the late Cenomanian to early Santonian Cross River Group (new name) and interfingering marginal marine sandstones, and (3) the post-Santonian coal measures sequence. Most of the Albian to Eocene marine shales in the Benue trough and the Turonian shales in the southern Chad basin contain well over 0.5% total organic carbon, with values of up to 7.4% in Turonian anaerobic shales. Based on the high content of soluble organic matter, thermal maturity, and the predominantly terrigenous character of the Late Cretaceous shales, mostly natural gas was probably generated in both basins. The late Santonian folding and uplift would have disrupted petroleum reservoirs. Also, crude oil accumulations which were not dissipated by tectonism would be relocated at relatively shallow depths and hence become accessible to invading meteoric waters.

  9. The secondary recovery project at the Ogharefe Field, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aron, D.; Ashbourne, T.J.; Oloketuyi, D.O.

    1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A secondary recovery project involving water injection and gas lift facilities was installed in the Ogharefe Field in 1979 following detailed reservoir simulation studies. Two years of operation provide the opportunity to discuss the progress of the project so far.

  10. arab jamahiriya nigeria: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    renewable energy policy in hydrocarbons-wealthy Arab states. Integrating elements of energy policy analysis, Middle Eastern studies and sociotechnical governance theory, the...

  11. Sequence stratigraphy of Niger Delta, Robertkiri field, onshore Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magbagbeola, Olusola Akintayo

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    progress upward from fine-grained prodelta and deep water shales of the Akata Formation through paralic sandstone-shale units of the Agbada Formation and finally to sandy non-marine deposits of the Benin Formation. The Agbada Formation is divided into six...

  12. area southwestern nigeria: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    globally concentrations in the southwestern Brazilian Amazon basin Trent Wade Biggs,1 Thomas Dunne,2 Tomas Ferreira in the wet season in the southwestern Brazilian Amazon...

  13. MHK Projects/Akwanga Nigeria SHP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther, Oklahoma: EnergyMAREC Jump to:2MHKMHKMHKReturn

  14. MHK Projects/Akwanga Nigeria SHP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther, Oklahoma: EnergyMAREC Jump to:2MHKMHKMHKReturn

  15. Nigeria-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcerns Jump to:Neppelsource History

  16. Nigeria-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcerns Jump to:Neppelsource History(CTI PFAN) | Open Energy

  17. International Oil and Gas Board International Oil and Gas Board...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ministry of Oil Kuwait City Kuwait http www moo gov kw Syrian Petroleum Company Syrian Petroleum Company Damascus Syria http www spc sy com en production activities1 en php...

  18. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    percent of the world’s oil reserves, additional leverage inin size. Kuwait’s oil reserves, while relatively large, onlyto offset Iraqi Proven oil reserves figures from Humphreys

  19. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Figure 5. Monthly oil production for Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait,day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq Kuwait Figure 6.and the peak in U.S. oil production account for the broad

  20. Redesign of Electrical Installations to Maximize the Use of Photo Voltaic (PV) Cells at the End Use of Consumers in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alatrash, J.; Mhaisen, N.; Ismail, Z.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new idea of redesigning the electrical installations inside residential premises is presented in this paper. The idea is based on having two separate circuits' installations. The first is A.C circuit which can be served ...

  1. Redesign of Electrical Installations to Maximize the Use of Photo Voltaic (PV) Cells at the End Use of Consumers in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alatrash, J.; Mhaisen, N.; Ismail, Z.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) Photovoltaic PV 2010 1900 2 20 Photovoltaic PV2020 900 2 20 Table 2 gives the current price of Photovoltaic for Crystalline Silicon and Thin Films/Concentrators, while the price will be much reduced in the year 2020 as a result of using Thin Films... system was to meet a maximum demand load of 9710 MW in the year 2008, then the cost of one KW load was 19 475 /9710= 2005 US$/KW. By comparing this cost with the expected PV Photovoltaic in 2010 -given in Table 2 ? it is seems that the conventional...

  2. The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

  3. Tectonic synthesis of the northern Arabian platform

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Everett, J.R.; Russell, O.R.; Stasxkowski, R.J.; Loyd, S.P.; Tabbutt, V.M. (Earth Satellite Corp., Chevy Chase, MD (USA)); Dolan, P.; Stein, A. (Dolan and Associates, Richmond (England)); Scott, J. (Petroleum Geological Analysis, Ltd., Reading (England))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The creation and destruction of Tethys oceans from the early Mesozoic to the present has created a complex suture zone along the Zagros/Bitlus trend. The fundamental interactions are between the Arabian and Euasian plates, but several microplates trapped between the major plates further complicate the tectonic fabric of the region. On the west, the Arabian plate slides past the African plate and the Sinai microplate along the Levant fault. The Palmyrides are related to a bend in this plate boundary and are not an offset extension of the Syrian arc. As Arabia penetrates Eurasia the Anatolian block is escaping to the west along the northern (right-lateral) and eastern (left-lateral) faults. Convergence of the Eurasian and Arabian plates resulted in ophiolite abduction (Late Cretaceous), followed by continent-continent collision (Miocene to present). The zone of collision is marked by the Bitlis-Zagrosa suture. Structural features associated with the collision include overthrusting, impactogens, and complexly folded and faulted mountain systems. Intensity and complexity of structuring decreases southward into open long-wavelength folds on the Arabian Platform. The fortuitous combination of rich source rocks, abundant reservoir rocks with primary and fracture porosity, and numerous trapping structures make this an extraordinary prolific hydrocarbon province. A structural and lithologic interpretation of 53 contiguous Landsat Multispectral Scanner scenes covering all of Syria, Iraq, and Kuwait, and portions of Turkey, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia has provided insights into the tectonic history of this area and its hydrocarbon accumulation.

  4. CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  5. Need for refining capacity creates opportunities for producers in Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, M.S.S. (Bahrain National Oil Co., Awali (Bahrain))

    1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil industry interest in refining has revived in the past few years in response to rising oil consumption. The trend creates opportunities, for countries in the Middle East, which do not own refining assets nearly in proportion to their crude oil reserved. By closing this gap between reserves and refining capacity, the countries can ease some of the instability now characteristic of the oil market. Some major oil producing countries have begun to move downstream. During the 1980s, Venezuela, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries acquired refining assets through direct total purchase or joint ventures. Nevertheless, the oil industry remains largely unintegrated, with the Middle East holding two thirds of worldwide oil reserves but only a small share downstream. As worldwide refining capacity swings from a period of surplus toward one in which the need for new capacity will be built. The paper discusses background of the situation, shrinking surplus, investment requirements, sources of capital, and shipping concerns.

  6. Prof. Cauligi (Raghu) Raghavendra Vice Dean for Global Academic Initiatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Chongwu

    and Turkey ­ DEN Opportunities: Kuwait Oil Company, Aviation Safety in IFEZ, Korea, PEMEX and UNAM in Mexico

  7. Construction management and its application to the delivery of the Lamar Towers in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassouf, Ronald Elie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Construction Management (CM) is becoming the delivery method of choice for constructing complicated projects. Previously, the most common method to employ was the General Contracting method, where the contractor and designer ...

  8. Lean Production Using Modular Construction: Study of the Ministry of Education's Projects in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alshayeb, Mohammed Jawad

    2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ordering, overproduction, wrong storage, wrong handling, manufacturing defects, and theft or vandalism (Garas, Anis, and El Gammal 2001). Alshayeb 13"" 2.2.1 Waste of Materials Material waste is a huge area of waste in construction. Bossink...

  9. Societal and technical issues in the industrial development of Saudi Arabia and Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundukulam, Vibin A. (Vibin Anto)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sustained industrial development in developing nations has been an impetus for economic growth and technological advancements for the past several decades, in addition to being a major contributor to poverty reduction. ...

  10. Dual-porosity reservoir modeling of the fractured Hanifa reservoir, Abqaiq Field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Fractures play a significant role in the transmissibility of the Hanifa reservoir at Abqaiq Field. The Hanifa is a Type 2 fractured reservoir characterized by a finely-crystalline carbonate matrix which contains most of the reservoir storage porosity, and a stylolitic fracture system which provides essential permeability. Comparisons of over 5000 fractures identified from core and borehole image data with open-hole log data showed that porosity is negatively correlated with fracture density and mechanical rock strength. From these relationships, it was possible to utilize additional wells where porosity log data was available to calculate fracture densities. These wells were used to generate matrix porosity and permeability as well as fracture density attributes in a 12-sequence, 29-layer geocellular model. The effect of structural curvature on fracture intensity in the reservoir was estimated by mapping the derivative of structural dip. Incorporation of structural curvature explained variations in well test behavior not predicted by initial estimates of fracture density from porosity alone. Resultant fracture permeabilities compared favorably with well-test derived productivity indices. Three-dimensional visualization of model attributes showed that a monotonous and low (<10 md) distribution of matrix-related permeability contrasts sharply with highly variable and relatively high (>50 md) permeabilities of the fracture system. Reliability of the geocellular model to predict fracture densities and associated permeabilities has been confirmed by subsequent drilling of high cost horizontal wells, and is being used in reservoir engineering and development drilling planning efforts.

  11. DGA proves out as a low pressure gas sweetener in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huval, M.; van de Venne, H.

    1981-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Aramco is successfully using diglycolamine (DGA) to treat low-pressure associated sour gases to 1/4 gr H/sub 2/S/100 SCF specifications. The DGA process meets the design criteria of (1) handling high acid-gas-content (up to 15%) feed gases, (2) sweetening at high temperatures (120/sup 0/-140/sup 0/F) and low pressures (120-180 psig), (3) removing both H/sub 2/S and CO/sub 2/ in a single step and (4) providing a Claus-plant feed suitable for the production of bright-yellow (rather than black) sulfur.

  12. A continental clastic depositional model for the Permian Unayzah formation, Hawtah field, central Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heine, C.J. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Permian Unayzah Formation lies unconformably on the Silurian Qusaiba Member of the Qalibah Formation. The pre-Unayzah unconformity (PUU) represents a Hercynian tectonic event responsible for uplift and erosion representing 100-150 m.y. worth of missing section along the Hawtah Trend. Overlying the PUU, the Unayzah clastic sequence is comprised of locally sourced sediments from the adjacent paleotopography. Above the thin veneer of locally sourced sediments is a more regionally sourced, confined braided stream sequence, which completely backfills the existing paleotopography. Once the paleotopographic surface had been leveled, the depositional environment changed from a confined braided stream to a broad braided plain. Within this sequence of vertically stacked and laterally migrating braided plain sediments, the bulk of the reservoirs within the Hawtah field are contained. As the transgressive Khuff seas continue to encroach on the Unayzah depositional system, the upper-most sediments of the broad braided plan environment are reworked by transgressive coastal processes. The resulting reworked shoreface and shallow-marine facies are genetically related to the Khuff transgression and lie unconformably on the Unayzah continental clastics.

  13. Dual-porosity reservoir modeling of the fractured Hanifa reservoir, Abqaiq Field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fractures play a significant role in the transmissibility of the Hanifa reservoir at Abqaiq Field. The Hanifa is a Type 2 fractured reservoir characterized by a finely-crystalline carbonate matrix which contains most of the reservoir storage porosity, and a stylolitic fracture system which provides essential permeability. Comparisons of over 5000 fractures identified from core and borehole image data with open-hole log data showed that porosity is negatively correlated with fracture density and mechanical rock strength. From these relationships, it was possible to utilize additional wells where porosity log data was available to calculate fracture densities. These wells were used to generate matrix porosity and permeability as well as fracture density attributes in a 12-sequence, 29-layer geocellular model. The effect of structural curvature on fracture intensity in the reservoir was estimated by mapping the derivative of structural dip. Incorporation of structural curvature explained variations in well test behavior not predicted by initial estimates of fracture density from porosity alone. Resultant fracture permeabilities compared favorably with well-test derived productivity indices. Three-dimensional visualization of model attributes showed that a monotonous and low (<10 md) distribution of matrix-related permeability contrasts sharply with highly variable and relatively high (>50 md) permeabilities of the fracture system. Reliability of the geocellular model to predict fracture densities and associated permeabilities has been confirmed by subsequent drilling of high cost horizontal wells, and is being used in reservoir engineering and development drilling planning efforts.

  14. Dual-porosity reservoir modeling of the fractured Hanifa reservoir, Abqaiq Field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fractures play a significant role in the transmissibility of the Hanifa reservoir at Abqaiq Field. The Hanifa is a Type 2 fractured reservoir characterized by a finely-crystalline carbonate matrix which contains most of the reservoir storage porosity, and a stylolitic fracture system which provides essential permeability. Integration of borehole imaging data with available open-hole log, core, and well-test data from horizontal and vertical wells allowed for the distribution of fracture parameters, including fracture density, aperture, porosity, and permeability throughout a geocellular model. Analysis of over 5000 fractures showed that changes in lithology, grain size, and/or bed thickness do not correlate with changes in fracture densities. Review of P- and S-wave log data showed that porosity is negatively correlated with fracture density and mechanical rock strength. From these relationships, it was possible to utilize additional wells where porosity log data was available to calculate fracture densities. These wells were used to generate matrix porosity and permeability as well as fracture density attributes in a 12-sequence, 29-layer geocellular model. Fracture permeabilities compare favorably with well-test derived productivity indices. Three-dimensional visualization of model attributes showed that a monotonous and low (<10 md) distribution of matrix- related permeability contrasts sharply with highly variable and relatively high (ER 50 md) permeabilities of the fracture system. Reliability of the geocellular model to predict fracture densities and associated permeabilities has been confirmed by subsequent drilling of high cost horizontal wells, and is being used in reservoir engineering and development drilling planning efforts.

  15. Indirect fracture delineation in a carbonate reservoir: The Upper Jurassic Hanifa of Abqaiq field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, D.L. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abqaiq field is a northeast-trending anticline approximately 60 km long and 12 km wide and contains several reservoirs. The Hanifa Reservoir is approximately 100 m thick and consists of fine-grained, muddy limestone with subordinate dolomite and anhydrite. Since discovery of the Hanifa oil pool in 1947, pressure fluctuations have indicated communication with the overlying Arab-D Reservoir. Welltest permeability measurements are approximately 40 times higher than core permeability measurements of the Hanifa. This divergence of Hanifa permeability measurements combined with the indicated Arab-D communication suggests the presence of a natural fracture network. Direct observations of Hanifa cores reveal common, sub-vertical fractures with average apertures <200 microns. With limited core coverage and no oriented cores, a new technique was needed to delineate the areas affected by fractures. A technique combining indirect fracture indicators was devised for Abqaiq field and can be applied to other, similar fields. The actual flow system of the Abqaiq Hanifa is a complex interaction between matrix porosity/permeability and fracture permeability or enhanced permeability. Future development plans allow for low matrix permeability access to much of the Hanifa storage space and high fracture permeability both within the Hanifa and connecting to the Arab-D Reservoir.

  16. The Effects of the Fiscal Policy on Economic Activity in Saudi Arabia: An Empirical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alkahtani, Kablan Jadia

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The fiscal policy has been studied extensively, but only as a one shot deal and with emphasis on developed economies. The study of fiscal policy as a trajectory and of its consequences, also, as trajectory has been pioneered ...

  17. Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    proportional to carbon emissions. Human Development Index (GDPcapita, education level, health care, etc.) vs. Electricity Use United States U.S. must reduce carbon emissions by...

  18. Using Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) to Resolve the Major Construction Project Delay Causes in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alkhalid, Khalid Abdullah

    2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) has gained attention in the United States and Europe as an effective delivery method for construction projects. The aim of this research paper is to determine the major causes of delay in ...

  19. al-qassim saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

  20. al-hassa saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

  1. Industrial experience at the Arabian American Oil Company in Saudi Arabia: an internship report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akkad, Ruwaid Ahmed, 1943-

    2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Obser? vation Injection Sus? pended Aban? doned Drilling Total ABQAIQ 56 6(a) 4 12(b) 0 2 0 80 ABU HADRIYA 0 1 1 0 0 2 1 5 DAMMAM 27(c) 4(d) 1 0 0 10(e) 0 42 FADHILI 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 GHAWAR: A IN DAR 44 6 3 6(1) 1 1 0 61 SHEDGUM 14 1 1 0 0 1... H 3 h u66 ?-? 01 a o n * 5foOoa(aoOHooooo EkT)smbm-)TnnnunuooooO#mounnnnnCaAoobnnnnnnn6sa ( abl ?5? f0 I n 1? O 41I U 5 3 H co c ? I * *C U -D ce si ?o *H >% 3 O ?r- ** a* * a C ? 3 ? ^s *ir "u ?* ^ O O O O O O O O O O O O O o...

  2. MOTIVATION AND ATTITUDE OF SAUDI UNIVERSITY'S LEARNERS OF ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makrami, Barakat Humoud

    2010-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    , and 12 weeks later, they took the post-test of the same items, which had been scrambled into a different order. The results were as follows: there were no within-subject significant changes in motivation, attitude, and anxiety at the time of the post-test...

  3. A Crude Threat :The Limits of an Iranian Missile Campaign against Saudi Arabian Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Itzkowitz Shifrinson, Joshua

    The United States and its Persian Gulf allies have been increasingly concerned with the growing size and complexity of Iran's ballistic missile programs. At a time when the United States and its allies remain locked in a ...

  4. Reservoir characteristics of the Devonian Jauf Formation in Shedgum area, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Detrital grains were classified as quartz (monocrystalline), feldspar, rock fragments (mostly polycrystalline quartz), others (includes heavy minerals, opaques, and mica), and matrix. Detrital grain compositions were then normalized to one hundred... percent. Cements were considered as the percent of the bulk composition. Mean grain size was determined from long axis measurements of 100 monocrystalline quartz grains in each thin section. The maximum grain size, and standard deviation were used...

  5. Urban dwelling environments in rapidly growing cities : case study, Unayzah, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alohali, Yousef Nasser

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study is concerned with two critical issues: a) the housing situation of middle income groups; b) the use of land in new developments. A tentative planning model for urban land development and a survey of existing ...

  6. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergyFarmsPower Co LtdTN LLC

  7. U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Saudi Arabia | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCOSystems Analysis Success| DepartmentEnergyFeed Reporting

  8. Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces in Bahrain |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOil & GasTechnical PublicationsDepartmentEnergy Meeting

  9. Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces in Bahrain |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312), OctoberMay 18-19, 2004 MeetingDepartment of

  10. Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment3311, 3312),Microgrid Set-Top BoxSS-2 SANS SCADA Summit

  11. Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2:Introduction to EnergyDepartmentOffice of Small and DisadvantagedEnergyDepartment of

  12. Chinua Achebe. There Was a Country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milstein, Emily

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the state of affairs in present day Nigeria, for what heperceives to be Nigeria’ s rampant cor- ruption, poorhis own prescription for Nigeria’s ills and ends the book on

  13. Petroleum Geosciences Program Dr. Aldo Vesnaver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Mohammed

    Dhabi). 2010 ­ 2013: Saudi Aramco Chair Professor of Seismic Exploration at the King Fahd University Physics of Miramare (Italy). 2001 ­ 2006: Geophysical Specialist at Saudi Aramco (Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

  14. 4418 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 59, NO. 9, NOVEMBER 2010 Investigating the Gaussian Convergence of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikomeroglu, Halim

    Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. This paper was presented in part at the 25th Biennial Symposium with Saudi Aramco, Dhahran 31311, Saudi Arabia (e-mail: mjuaid@gmail.com). H. Yanikomeroglu

  15. The type of calligraphy : writing, print, and technologies of the Arabic alphabet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborn, J. R. (Wayne)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Beholder. ” Saudi Aramco World, May/June 1990: 10-5.Facing the future. ” Saudi Aramco World, March/April 1981.Art of Printing. ” Saudi Aramco World, March/April 1981: 20-

  16. GEOBULLETIN DEcEmBEr 9Th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Jacobson, IOWA State (Host: Goodwin) JOB OPENINGS: · Saudi Aramco's Exploration and Producing Advanced , 2011 - 3 - JOB OPENINGS: Saudi Aramco's Exploration and Producing Advanced Research Center (EXPEC ARC

  17. OGEP 2010-161 Uncertainly Analysis of Archie's Parameters Determination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    of Petroleum & Minerals, Saudi Arabia, T.M. Okasha, Aramco Co., Saudi Arabia and A.A. AlGathe, Hadhrmout

  18. Building for Oil: Corporate Colonialism, Nationalism and Urban Modernity in Ahmadi, 1946-1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alissa, Reem IR

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier (Stanford: Stanfordthe Al-Sabah, and Oil, A British Academy PostdoctoralMythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier. Stanford, California:

  19. afghanistan war coverage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates...

  20. afghanistan introducing population: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates...

  1. Web-based gis and public participation:an aid to widening female participation in revitalizing outdoor recreational facilities in saudi arabia. a case study in jeddah, saudi arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daghistani, Farouk

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    and employing an Internet / GIS participatory approach can facilitate (without conflicting with the local conservative cultural norms) women’s participation in the municipal decision making process of the neighborhood’s outdoor recreational facilities. The goal...

  2. UNIVERSITY OF HOUSTON CULLEN COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glowinski, Roland

    Hughes, Chevron, ConocoPhillips, CNLC, ExxonMobil, Halliburton, Pathfinder, Saudi Aramco, Statoil, Schlumberger

  3. Pour obtenir le grade de DOCTEUR DE L'UNIVERSIT DE GRENOBLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Operating Company Ltd, Hamworthy Technology & Products AS, Petrobras, Saudi Aramco, Shell Technology Norway

  4. Co-op Students, 2006-2007 Signing Bonus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipson, Michal

    on campus; unless specified, employer hired one Raytheon SAIC Sanford C. Bernstein Saudi Aramco Oil Co

  5. Constant Asphaltene Molecular and Nanoaggregate Mass in a Gravitationally Segregated Reservoir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zare, Richard N.

    Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94350, United States Saudi Aramco

  6. Spring 2013 Research Meeting of TCCS List of Attendees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    Shen Saudi Aramco David Wang Schlumberger Richard Coates Garret Flagg Paul Fowler Evren Yarman Statoil

  7. GVB RP: A Reliable MCSCF Wave Function for Large Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    DURIP; BP Chemical; ARO; Exxon; Seiko-Epson; Owens Corning; Asahi Chemical, Saudi Aramco; Beckman Institute

  8. Krauklis Wave: Half a Century After V. Korneev (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory), G. Goloshubin (University of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korneev, Valeri A.

    . Goloshubin (University of Houston), B. Kashtan (St. Petersburg State University), A. Bakulin (Saudi Aramco

  9. An efficient method for optimal design of large-scale integrated chemical production sites with endogenous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    networks. The joint venture between Saudi Aramco and the Dow Chemical Company to construct and operate

  10. Im Rahmen der Vorlesung Bank-und Kapitalmarktrecht veranstaltet der Lehrstuhl fr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    Papua New Guinea Saudi Arabia Singapore Spain Sweden United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States

  11. ernational Multi-Co s, Signals &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, India, Iraq, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Oman, Romania, Saudi Arabia

  12. International Opportunities.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Jim

    contact Jon Inegbedion: Libya, Egypt, Turkey, Iraq, Iran Rami Al Mousa: Jordan, Bahrain, Saudi, Qatar

  13. Straddler-based Gender Reform in Saudi Arabia: The Case of Jeddah Chamber of Commerce and Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Katherine

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of pioneering feminist reformers in the country and theof the JCCI illustrates how reformers were able to utilize aconservatives and liberal reformers. These competing social

  14. Sequence stratigraphic-based reservoir architecture in late Jurrassic outer-ramp carbonates, Hanifa Formation, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markello, J.R.; Stockton, M.L. (Mobile E P Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States)); McGuire, M.; Al'Shammery, M.J.; Al'Amoudi M.O. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hanifa Formation (135-160m tk; Kimmeridgian age), in our study area, comprises one 3rd-order, coarsening-upward, type 2 stratigraphic sequence. Sediments formed in outer ramp, ramp-margin and basinal environments defining a transition between the Rimthan Arch carbonate platform and adjacent Arabian intrashelf basin. Quantification of Hanifa reservoir architecture for simulation involved development of field-scale geologic models based on sequence stratigraphic principles. No seismic and biostratigraphic data were available. Sequence interpretations were based on regional facies and parasequence analysis from 32 cores and 142 gamma-ray/porosity logs. In the study area, the Hanifa Formation has basinward-thinning tabular geometry, and contains (1) a lower member of organic-rich muddy carbonates and (2) an upper reservoir member of thick, medium to coarse-grained skeletal packstones, skeletal peloidal grainstones, skeletal intraclast conglomerates, and stromatoporoid boundstones. The Hanifa reservoir consists of, from oldest to youngest: (1) a highstand systems tract: aggrading and prograding, sigmoidal-shaped parasequences and parasequence sets of grainstrines, conglomerates and boundstones, capped by a subaqueous, type 2 sequence boundary; (2) a shelf margin wedge: prograding to aggrading, sigmoidal to tabular-shaped parasequences and parasequence sets of skeletal packstones, grainstones and local boundstones showing maximum basinward progradation; and (3) a transgressive systems tract: backstepping tabular-shaped parasequences of grainstones capped by a drowning surface. All facies are interpreted to have formed in subtidal settings of water depths from 5 to 150m. No evidence was found for shoal-water bank, lagoonal or peritidal deposition or for subaerial exposure in any facies.

  15. Sequence stratigraphic-based reservoir architecture in late Jurrassic outer-ramp carbonates, Hanifa Formation, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markello, J.R.; Stockton, M.L. [Mobile E & P Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States); McGuire, M.; Al`Shammery, M.J.; Al`Amoudi M.O. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hanifa Formation (135-160m tk; Kimmeridgian age), in our study area, comprises one 3rd-order, coarsening-upward, type 2 stratigraphic sequence. Sediments formed in outer ramp, ramp-margin and basinal environments defining a transition between the Rimthan Arch carbonate platform and adjacent Arabian intrashelf basin. Quantification of Hanifa reservoir architecture for simulation involved development of field-scale geologic models based on sequence stratigraphic principles. No seismic and biostratigraphic data were available. Sequence interpretations were based on regional facies and parasequence analysis from 32 cores and 142 gamma-ray/porosity logs. In the study area, the Hanifa Formation has basinward-thinning tabular geometry, and contains (1) a lower member of organic-rich muddy carbonates and (2) an upper reservoir member of thick, medium to coarse-grained skeletal packstones, skeletal peloidal grainstones, skeletal intraclast conglomerates, and stromatoporoid boundstones. The Hanifa reservoir consists of, from oldest to youngest: (1) a highstand systems tract: aggrading and prograding, sigmoidal-shaped parasequences and parasequence sets of grainstrines, conglomerates and boundstones, capped by a subaqueous, type 2 sequence boundary; (2) a shelf margin wedge: prograding to aggrading, sigmoidal to tabular-shaped parasequences and parasequence sets of skeletal packstones, grainstones and local boundstones showing maximum basinward progradation; and (3) a transgressive systems tract: backstepping tabular-shaped parasequences of grainstones capped by a drowning surface. All facies are interpreted to have formed in subtidal settings of water depths from 5 to 150m. No evidence was found for shoal-water bank, lagoonal or peritidal deposition or for subaerial exposure in any facies.

  16. LINEAR AND NON-LINEAR TECHNIQUES FOR ESTIMATING THE MONEY DEMAND FUNCTION: THE CASE OF SAUDI ARABIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsahafi, Mamdooh

    2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    aggregates). The first approach is the conventional way, which is based on empirical literature where non-oil GDP is used as a measure for income. The second approach is the consumer demand approach to money demand. This approach emphasizes the use...

  17. Straddler-based Gender Reform in Saudi Arabia: The Case of Jeddah Chamber of Commerce and Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Katherine

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Globalization in the Arab Middle East: Gender, Economyand Globalization in the Arab Middle East: Gender, Economy

  18. The large carpenter bees of central Saudi Arabia, with notes on the biology of Xylocopa sulcatipes Maa (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Xylocopinae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hannan, Mohammed A.; Alqarni, Abdulaziz S.; Owayss, Ayman A.; Engel, Michael S.

    2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    and grab females for mating. In addition to foraging at C. procera, females were observed visiting Reseda alba L. (Resedaceae) and radish [Raphanus sativus L. (Brassicaceae)]. Given that species of Xylocopa may be useful for agricultural pollination...

  19. The Effect of Mediated Glosses on Vocabulary Retention and Reading Comprehension with English Language Learners in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Ghafli, Mansour Hussain

    2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    audio, text, and picture glosses (M=9.72) had higher comprehension scores than the text-based group (M=8.35), F (2,218) =3.07, p<.05. Those who received the audio, text, and picture gloss (M=3.88) agreed that "Online texts are better than paper...

  20. The Influence of Mathematics Teachers' Knowledge in Technology, Pedagogy and Content (TPACK) on their Teaching Effectiveness in Saudi Public Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alshehri, Khaled Abdullah

    2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Alayafi, Dr. Ahamed Abdullah Alshehri, Mr. Faisal Abdulrahman Alshehri, Maj. Saeed Abdullah Alshehri, Mr. Mohammed Ali Alshehri, Mr. Hatem Abdullah Alshehri, Mr. Nasser Ali Alshehri, Mr. Ahamed Ibrahim Alshehri, Mr. Salem Ibrahim Alshehri, Ms. Fatimah...

  1. An application of cost-benefit analysis to the Al-Qateef, Saudi Arabia, water management project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thenayan, Abdullah T

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Riyadh, Qatee, , an!f i&naiza eerie into being, a tribal 12ader or a family establisl-ed some morc lf Kuie over a g oup of scattered towns but tier m no mormon:. . t s ates unt '. tne Saild1 et= w sich star ei ' 2 !liig thE' . l The citatiors ori... but not in Al-Qateef. Oasis f32, p. 24]. It is expected that some varieties of these crops will be adapted and gt! w!1 co . !Ierciol. 2;1, ' "r e mo: ' . , !od, rn ir& lf at ! On sch!'. , !P 1 s c?tie! ou" ! 32, p. 39] VaLe: . equi e. . n1s Thc s!!pply o...

  2. Sustainable Architectural Applications in the Gulf States-Post Occupancy Evaluation Case Study of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, H.; Alfalah, G.

    the technical side, this project uses Thermal Energy storage (TES) system; which is considered to be a system that depends on operating the coolers at night and storing the cold, icy water to be used during the day which helps to reduce the electrical power... the world as a result of urbanization, some evidences refer that the percentage of the building wastes resulted by the activities of building and destroying has been increased all over the world with 20% - 42% of the total of the wastes. In addition...

  3. --No Title--

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho...

  4. Essays on the politics of regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weymouth, Stephen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran Israel Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait KyrgyzHungary Tajikistan Romania Kazakhstan Senegal Czech RepublicBosnia and Herzegovina Kazakhstan Turkey Poland Belarus

  5. Stumbling Toward Capitalism: The State, Global Production Networks, and the Unexpected Emergence of China's Independent Auto Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Crystal Whai-ku

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brazil, Ecuador, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan,shares are concentrated in Kazakhstan, Sudan, Venezuela, andIraq, Kuwait, Libya and Kazakhstan (Jiang and Sinton 2011:

  6. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guyana Indonesia Jordan Kazakhstan Kyrgyz Republic Laoof Iraq Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Macedonia, FYR MaldivesJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea Kuwait Kyrgyz

  7. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kuwait, Madagascar, Montenegro, Myanmar, Niger, Norway,Luxembourg Malta Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway PolandLuxembourg Malta Monaco 7 Montenegro Netherlands Norway

  8. arabian incense bakhour: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    monsoon Jensen, Tommy 103 This paper provides the first estimates of SGD to the Kuwait coastline in the Arabian Gulf. Seawater evaporation leads to density driven exchange...

  9. air museum regional: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the smallest influence of fossil Krakauer, Nir Y. 50 Daylighting systems for the Kuwait National Museum Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: Daylight in Museums...

  10. Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Angola Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico...

  11. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Angola Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico...

  12. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Italy Japan Kuwait Luxembourg Malta Netherlands NetherlandsMalaysia Maldives Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius MexicoMalaysia Maldives Mali Malta Mauritius Mexico Mongolia

  13. The Afterlife of Empire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailkin, Jordanna

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    T. Lawson on a Visit to Nigeria and the British Cameroons,26. “Marriage by Proxy in Nigeria” (HO 344/256, TNA), May 5,Marriage by Proxy in Nigeria” (HO 344/256, TNA), May 18,

  14. The Evolution of the Built Environment of the Margi Ethnic Group of Northeastern Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birdling, Emmanuel Awidau

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    , and neighborhoods. This includes: roads, residential structures, and components of modernity such as schools, churches, mosques, hospitals, and stores (the term stores is used to account for markets, bars, convenient stores, and restaurants). I concentrate...

  15. The occurrence of heavy metals in the vicinity of industrial complexes in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ndiokwere, C.L.; Ezihe, C.A. (Univ. of Benin, Benin City (Nigeria))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The accumulation of Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn in soils, crops, and plants as a result of industrial activities has been examined at various locations in the vicinities of steel and refinery complexes. High concentrations of the metals were recorded in all the samples from the sites close to the emission sources and the levels decreased with distance away from the sources. Considerable amounts of the metals found in the crops and plants were mainly due to aerial deposition. Soil and crop contamination by the metals was generally higher in the steel complex than the refinery. Cadmium and lead levels were particularly high in all the samples from both complexes.

  16. Enigmatic compressional structures in an extensional province: Eku field, OML 67, offshore Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinones, M.; Evans, R. [Mobil Technology Co., Dallas, TX (United States); Alofe, K.; Onyeise, B. [Mobil Producing Nigeria, Lagos (Nigeria)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Acquisition of 3-D seismic data over OML 67-70 and a detailed reservoir description study done on the Eku field, have allowed identification of previously unrecognized compressional features. Situated within a depocenter between arcuate normal growth faults, the Eku structure consists of a shale-cored anticlinal fold and fold-and-thrust separated by a zone of lateral displacement. The crests of the folds have been eroded at a major unconformity at the base of the Qua Iboe shale (Early Pliocene). In the absence of definitive biostratigraphic data, correlations among the various fault-blocks are based on the character of sedimentary packages and sequences on wireline logs. Combined with analysis of the geometry of faults and folds, the correlations support a description of pulsatory movement of folding and faulting, that ultimately culminated in extensional reactivation of earlier regional extension and the not coincident. The effect of the anticipated reservoir sections, and deformation, both compressional, was gravity-driven and on shale detachments. A working hypothesis to explain the disparity in direction of earlier extension and subsequent compression is that thermal expansion that accompanied formation of the Cameroon volcanic line to the east of the Niger Delta in Miocene time, caused a change in the direction of structuring, allowing downslope gravity-driven compression to be superimposed on pre-existing extensional features.

  17. Oil and development: The case of agriculture in Nigeria and Algeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bachrach, E.R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the relationship between the oil-boom of the 1970s and development outcomes and the prospects in two African OPEC states. The theoretical framework is provided by the political-economy literatures, both domestic and international. The research is carried out as a limited comparative study with a loosely constructed (before-during-after) interrupted time-series design. Algeria's greater success in managing it soil economy suggests further evidence supporting the promise of a mixed political-economy state model. State and societal complexions are identified, with a primarily qualitative methodology, to explain Nigerian and Algerian development outcomes on the heels of the oil decade.

  18. Enigmatic compressional structures in an extensional province: Eku field, OML 67, offshore Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinones, M.; Evans, R. (Mobil Technology Co., Dallas, TX (United States)); Alofe, K.; Onyeise, B. (Mobil Producing Nigeria, Lagos (Nigeria))

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Acquisition of 3-D seismic data over OML 67-70 and a detailed reservoir description study done on the Eku field, have allowed identification of previously unrecognized compressional features. Situated within a depocenter between arcuate normal growth faults, the Eku structure consists of a shale-cored anticlinal fold and fold-and-thrust separated by a zone of lateral displacement. The crests of the folds have been eroded at a major unconformity at the base of the Qua Iboe shale (Early Pliocene). In the absence of definitive biostratigraphic data, correlations among the various fault-blocks are based on the character of sedimentary packages and sequences on wireline logs. Combined with analysis of the geometry of faults and folds, the correlations support a description of pulsatory movement of folding and faulting, that ultimately culminated in extensional reactivation of earlier regional extension and the not coincident. The effect of the anticipated reservoir sections, and deformation, both compressional, was gravity-driven and on shale detachments. A working hypothesis to explain the disparity in direction of earlier extension and subsequent compression is that thermal expansion that accompanied formation of the Cameroon volcanic line to the east of the Niger Delta in Miocene time, caused a change in the direction of structuring, allowing downslope gravity-driven compression to be superimposed on pre-existing extensional features.

  19. Determination of Zn, Pb, Cu, and Hg in soils of Ekpan, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Omgbu, J.A.; Kokogho, M.A. (College of Education, Warri (Nigeria))

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The concentrations of zinc, lead, copper, and mercury in solids in Ekpan were determined in order to assess the impact of petroleum-refining activities. Twenty soil samples were collected 100 m apart (10 topsoils 0 to 15 cm and 10 bottom soils 15 to 30 cm). Sample solutions prepared were analyzed using the atomic absorption spectrophotometry technique. Results show that top-soil samples contain as much as 7.13 to 13.10 [mu]g/g Zn, 55.13 to 65.50 [mu]g/g Pb, 3.47 to 5.27 [mu]g/g Cu, and 4.00 to 6.50 [mu]g.g Hg. Bottom soil samples contain as much as 7.17 to 13.77 [mu]g/g Zn, 54.97 to 63.23 [mu]g/g Pb, 3.57 to 6.50 [mu]/g Cu, and 4.57 to 6.63 [mu]g/g Hg. The levels reported had an abundance ratio in the order Pb > Zn > Hg > Cu in the soil samples. It is recommended that appropriate measures be put in place by the companies to treat waste effluent before discharging them to the immediate environment. 8 refs., 2 tabs.

  20. Use of a decision tree to select the mud system for the Oso field, Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dear, S.F. III; Beasley, R.D.; Barr, K.P.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Far too often, the basis for selection of a mud system is the ``latest, greatest`` technology or personal preference rather than sound cost-effective analysis. The use of risk-vs.-cost decision analysis improves mud selection and makes it a proper business decision. Several mud systems usually are available to drill and well and, with good decision analysis, the cost-effectiveness of each alternative becomes apparent. This paper describes how the drilling team used structured decision analysis to evaluate and select the best mud system for the project. First, Monte Carlo simulations forecast the range of possible results with each alternative. The simulations provide most-likely values for the variables in the decision tree, including reasonable ranges for sensitivity analyses. This paper presents and discusses the simulations, the decision tree, and the sensitivity analyses.

  1. Life extended : the intimate politics of the antiretroviral era in Northern Nigeria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kingsley, Peter Alden

    2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    For more than thirty years, the HIV pandemic has caused immense harm across sub-Saharan Africa. From the middle of the last decade, however, a treatment revolution has been underway, as effective antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) ...

  2. Towards Designing a Biometric Measure for Enhancing ATM Security in Nigeria E-Banking System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ibidapo,; Omogbadegun, Zaccheous O; Oyelami, Olufemi M

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Security measures at banks can play a critical, contributory role in preventing attacks on customers. These measures are of paramount importance when considering vulnerabilities and causation in civil litigation. Banks must meet certain standards in order to ensure a safe and secure banking environment for their customers. This paper focuses on vulnerabilities and the increasing wave of criminal activities occurring at Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) where quick cash is the prime target for criminals rather than at banks themselves. A biometric measure as a means of enhancing the security has emerged from the discourse. Keywords-Security, ATM, Biometric, Crime.

  3. Children’s work: experiences of street vending children and young people in Enugu, Nigeria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okoli, Rosemary Chinyere Babylaw

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Concern for children’s safety and protection has become a global issue and has evoked considerable debate since the publication of the United Nations’ widely ratified Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) in 1989. ...

  4. Potential Savings for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENAS modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    V. , 2007. Future Air Conditioning Energy Consumption inCommercial Industry Air Conditioning Cooking Fans Lighting90% of the country air conditioning (AC) consumption 4 . We

  5. Islamists claim deadly attack on UN building in Nigeria 26 August 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in a decade. A radical Muslim sect blamed for a series of attacks in the country claimed responsibility the targeting of the U.N. at an open meeting on U.N. peacekeeping. U.S. President Barack Obama called the attack on which the U.N. was founded _ dignity, freedom, security, and peace," Obama said in a statement. "An

  6. Potential Savings for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENAS modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    model that calculates energy demand at the technology levelcalculated by comparing energy demand in the “Business-As-4 We calculate final energy demand according to unit energy

  7. Fish remains (Elasmobranchii, Actinopterygii) from the Late Cretaceous of1 the Benue Trough, Nigeria2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish remains (Elasmobranchii, Actinopterygii) from the Late Cretaceous of1 the Benue Trough address: romain.vullo@univ-rennes1.fr9 10 Abstract11 Selachian and ray-finned fish remains from various Cenomanian­early Turonian and25 Maastrichtian) created opportunities for the dispersal of many marine fish

  8. Nigeria steps up action to define and increase its oil reserves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Page, N.

    1992-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that within the past 18 months, the Nigerian Ministry of Petroleum Resources has moved aggressively to increase investment in known producing areas and stimulate exploration in frontier regions in order to define and expand the country's reserve base for the start of the 21st century. At industry seminars held in November and December 1991 in Houston, London, and Lagos, the Ministry in association with TGSI-Mabon Geophysical Co. reviewed the Nigerian political and economic climate, recent industry development and leasing activity, deep-water geology and exploration potential, and the probable areas' terms and conditions for a new bidding round to be announced in early 1992.

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - abia state nigeria Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Databases and Resources 65 The Rise of India and the Implications for Regional Stability Summary: , Ambassador to the United States and High Commissioner to the United...

  10. Skin cancer in albinos at the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asuquo, M E; Otei, O O; Omotoso, J; Bassey, E E

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the human P gene in tyrosinase positive oculocutaneousJenkins T, Ramsay M. The tyrosinase positive oculocutaneousrecessive forms involves the tyrosinase gene (OCA1), whereas

  11. Profil de poste Reprsentant (e) de l'IRD au Bnin, Ghana, Nigeria et Togo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ISO 9001 et qui dispose d'une régie, emploie 10 personnels locaux permanents et accueille le bureau du

  12. Price of Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria (Dollars per

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousand Cubic Feet)ThousandThousand Cubic

  13. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Nigeria (Dollars per

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousand CubicCubic Feet) Year Jan Feb MarThousand

  14. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Nigeria (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site. IfProved(MillionPrice8.PDFThousand Cubic Feet)

  15. Cove Point, MD Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Nigeria

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2

  16. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Nigeria (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayNov-142,234 2,373Decade Year-0

  17. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Nigeria (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality",Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New EnglandReserves (BillionImportYearYear JanYear

  18. Freeport, TX Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Nigeria (Dollars per

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 Table A1.GasYear Jan FebCubic Feet)

  19. Nigeria-Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpen EnergyNelsoniX LtdNew EnergyCity

  20. Price of Cove Point, MD Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar AprYearperThousand Cubic Feet)ThousandThousand