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1

Kuwait poised for massive well kill effort  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that full scale efforts to extinguish Kuwait's oil well fires are to begin. The campaign to combat history's worst oil fires, originally expected to begin in mid-March, has been hamstrung by logistical problems, including delays in equipment deliveries caused by damage to Kuwait's infrastructure. Meantime, production from a key field off Kuwait--largely unaffected by the war--is expected to resume in May, but Kuwaiti oil exports will still be hindered by damaged onshore facilities. In addition, Kuwait is lining up equipment and personnel to restore production from its heavily damaged oil fields. Elsewhere in the Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia reports progress in combating history's worst oil spills but acknowledges a continuing threat.

Not Available

1991-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

2

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil Reserves (2008) Saudi Arabia Iran Iraq Venezuela Kuwait United Arab Emirates Russian Federation Libya Kazakhstan Nigeria Canada US Qatar

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

E-Print Network 3.0 - angola iran nigeria Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cuba Egypt Ethiopia Federal Republic of Yugoslavia India Indonesia Iran Israel Jordan... Macedonia Nigeria Northern Ireland Peru Philippines Saudi Arabia Sri Lanka...

4

Kuwait: World Oil Report 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that the major event in Kuwait today is the ongoing effort to control blowouts stemming from Iraqi demolition of oil wells and producing facilities last February. A total of 732 wells---about two- thirds of all wells in Kuwait---were blown up. All but 80 caught on fire.

Not Available

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Kuwait City, Kuwait: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kuwait: Energy Resources Kuwait: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Kuwait City, Kuwait Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 285787 Coordinates 29.369722°, 47.978333° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.369722,"lon":47.978333,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

6

Kuwait; The blowouts are history  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on the capping of oil well blowouts in Kuwait. It reports on how access to the wells was gained, the well kill methods used, and future work that must be done in order to restore productivity.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

The Iraq-Kuwait Conflict  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The reasons for Iraqs invasion of Kuwait on 2 August ... the links between the immediate factors that caused Iraqs invasion, and the historical forces that ... Specifically, the chapter will trace (a) Iraqs pa...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Saudi Aramco describes crisis oil flow hike  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On Aug. 2, 1990, Iraqi forces invaded Kuwait and triggered one of the most severe crises in the world's oil supplies since World War II. Within a few days of the invasion, Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports were embargoed, and almost 4.6 million b/d oil of production was removed from world markets. This shortfall amounted to about 20% of total Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries production at the time and could have proven disastrous to the world's industrial and financial well-being. However, there was no disruption to the major economies of the world. This paper reports that the primary reason for the cushioning of this impact was the massive expansion in production undertaken by Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco).

Not Available

1991-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

9

Water demand management in Kuwait  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kuwait is an arid country located in the Middle East, with limited access to water resources. Yet water demand per capita is much higher than in other countries in the world, estimated to be around 450 L/capita/day. There ...

Milutinovic, Milan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

How postcapping put Kuwait`s wells back onstream  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In late february 1991, the retreating Iraqi army blew up, or otherwise caused to blowout, some 700 wells in Kuwait. Between March and November, all of the fires were extinguished and the wells were capped. Work began in July 1991 to recomplete the damaged wells with replaced or reworked tubulars and well heads so that production could be resumed. Except for some of the earlier-capped wells into which cement was pumped, thus requiring more extensive downhole work, many of the damaged wells, particularly in Burgan field, were put back into production mode by the procedure described here, which became known as postcapping. This paper describes the equipment and techniques used in postcapping damaged wellheads.

Wilson, D. [ABB Vetco Gray Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Arsenic in shrimp from Kuwait  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Arsenic is ubiquitous in the environment and can accumulate in food via contaminated soil, water or air. It enters the food chain through dry and wet atmospheric deposition. Combustion of oil and coal, use of arsenical fertilizers and pesticides and smelting of ores contributes significantly to the natural background of arsenic in soils and sediments. The metal can be transferred from soil to man through plants. In spite of variation in acute, subacute, and chronic toxic effects to plants and animals, evidence of nutritional essentiality of arsenic for rats, goats, and guinea pigs has been suggested, but has not been confirmed for humans. Adverse toxic effects of arsenic as well as its widespread distribution in the environment raises concern about levels of arsenic in man`s diet. Higher levels of arsenic in the diet can result in a higher accumulation rate. Arsenic levels in marine organisms are influenced by species differences, size of organism, and human activities. Bottom dwellers such as shrimp, crab, and lobster accumulate more arsenic than fish due to their frequent contact with bottom sediments. Shrimp constitute approximately 30% of mean total seafood consumption in Kuwait. This study was designed to determine the accumulation of arsenic in the commercially important jinga shrimp (Metapenaeus affinis) and grooved tiger prawn (Penaeus semisulcatus). 13 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Bou-Olayan, A.H. [Kuwait Univ. (Kuwait); Al-Yakoob, S.; Al-Hossaini, M. [Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (Kuwait)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Kuwait Petroleum Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Petroleum Corporation Petroleum Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Kuwait Petroleum Corporation Name Kuwait Petroleum Corporation Place Safat, Kuwait Zip 13126 Year founded 1980 Phone number (965) 1 85 85 85 Website http://www.kpc.com.kw/default. Coordinates 29.3715092°, 47.9734334° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.3715092,"lon":47.9734334,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

13

Kuwait summons more fire fighting teams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Kuwait is calling in more muscle to help kill its wild wells. This paper reports on the latest action in Kuwait, the leasing of well control contracts to Abel Engineering/Well Control Inc., Houston, and China Petroleum Engineering Construction Co. (CPEC). Abel is the sixth North American well control company called to the scene, while CPEC is the first summoned from the East. In addition, the service responsible for combating well fires and blowouts in the U.S.S.R.'s Azerbaijan oil fields signed an agreement with Kuwait's government, apparently involving a contract valued at more than $100 million, to extinguish fires at 150 Kuwaiti wells, reported Eastern Bloc Energy, a publication of Eastern Bloc Research Ltd., Newton Kyme, U.K. More help likely is on the way.

Not Available

1991-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

14

Kuwait pressing toward preinvasion oil production capacity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oil field reconstruction is shifting focus in Kuwait as the country races toward prewar production capacity of 2 million b/d. Oil flow last month reached 1.7 million b/d, thanks largely to a massive workover program that has accomplished about as much as it can. By midyear, most of the 19 rigs in Kuwait will be drilling rather than working over wells vandalized by retreating Iraqi troops in February 1991. Seventeen gathering centers are at work, with capacities totaling 2.4 million b/d, according to state-owned Kuwait Oil Co. (KOC). This article describes current work, the production infrastructure, facilities strategy, oil recovery, well repairs, a horizontal pilot project, the drilling program, the constant reminders of war, and heightened tensions.

Tippee, B.

1993-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

15

Kuwait: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kuwait: Energy Resources Kuwait: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.5,"lon":47.75,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

16

Minimizing casing corrosion in Kuwait oil fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Corrosion in production strings is a well known problem in Kuwait oil fields. Failure to remedy the affected wells results mainly in undesirable dump flooding of the oil reservoirs, or in oil seepage and hydrocarbon contamination in shallow water bearing strata. Any of these situations (unless properly handled) leads to a disastrous waste of oil resources. This study discusses casing leaks in Kuwait oil fields, the nature of the formations opposite the leaks and their contained fluids, and the field measures that can be adopted in order to avoid casing leak problems.

Agiza, M.N.; Awar, S.A.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Kuwait | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Kuwait Kuwait U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Kuwait November 15, 2005 - 2:30pm Addthis Stop included meeting with U.S. business leaders and military troops KUWAIT CITY, KUWAIT - On Monday, November 14, 2005, U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman toured the EQUATE petrochemical plant and met with U.S. business representatives while visiting Kuwait, as part of his trip through the Middle East. The EQUATE petrochemical plant is a joint venture between Kuwait's Petrochemical Industries Company (PIC) and U.S. company Union Carbide, a subsidiary of The Dow Chemical Company. "The EQUATE petrochemical plant is a wonderful example of international cooperation and investment. We are pleased that the joint venture between the Petrochemical Industries Company and Dow Chemical has been so

18

State of Kuwait Ministry of Oil | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

State of Kuwait Ministry of Oil State of Kuwait Ministry of Oil Jump to: navigation, search Logo: State of Kuwait Ministry of Oil Country Kuwait Name State of Kuwait Ministry of Oil City Kuwait City, Kuwait Website http://www.moo.gov.kw/ Coordinates 29.3697222°, 47.9783333° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.3697222,"lon":47.9783333,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

19

Political Advertising in Kuwait A Functional Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Political Advertising in Kuwait A Functional Analysis Jasem Alqaseer Abstract: Most political (Kaid, 2006). In general, political advertising studies focused on the content of political advertising especially on the subject of issues vs. images in advertising. In addition, many studies of political

Almor, Amit

20

E-Print Network 3.0 - arabia syrian arab Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Saudi-Arabia 162 Japan 69 Taiwan 59 Hong-Kong 31 Kuwait 29 Malaysia 28... Thailand 12 Jordan 11 Colombia 10 Iraq 10 Mexico 10 Nigeria 10 Sri-Lanka 10 Libyan-Arab-Jamahiriya 9...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab jamahirya malaysia Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Saudi-Arabia 162 Japan 69 Taiwan 59 Hong-Kong 31 Kuwait 29 Malaysia 28... Thailand 12 Jordan 11 Colombia 10 Iraq 10 Mexico 10 Nigeria 10 Sri-Lanka 10 Libyan-Arab-Jamahiriya 9......

22

Fact #664: February 28, 2011 2010 U.S. Petroleum Imports by Country...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

366 Iraq 429 Mexico 1,263 Kuwait 207 Netherlands 117 Libya 76 Norway 97 Nigeria 1,037 Russia 626 Saudi Arabia 1,090 U.S. Virgin Islands 263 Venezuela 998 United Kingdom 265 Other...

23

Characterizing Surface Temperature and Clarity of Kuwait's Seawaters Using Remotely Sensed Measurements and GIS Analyses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kuwait sea surface temperature (SST) and water clarity are important water characteristics that influence the entire Kuwait coastal ecosystem. The aim of this project was to study the spatial and temporal distributions of Kuwait SST using MODIS...

Alsahli, Mohammad M. M.

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

24

Ecological disaster in Kuwait; A burning question  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Six million barrels of oil are going up in smoke each day in Kuwait, dumping 3.7 million pounds of toxic gases, soot, and smoke - including cancer-causing compounds - into the air each hour. This paper reports that the prognosis for the situation is dim. Even as specialized firefighting companies from the United States and Canada began arriving in Kuwait in March, oil officials there predicted dousing the fires would take at least two years and pumping up oil production to pre-war levels would take between five and 10 years. An oil well fire is a disaster. The effect on the ozone, the ecology, the marine life is massive. We aren't even breathing air here, we're just breathing smog.

Wray, T.K. (Waste Away Services, Perrysburg, OH (US))

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Case histories of temperature surveys in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most crude produced in Kuwait is from naturally flowing wells. Casing, tubing, and cement in these wells remain unchanged after completion. This study discusses the major application of temperature surveys in indicating fluid movement both inside and behind the production string, hence locating any holes in the casing. Some significant cases of temperature anomalies are examined qualitatively, and suggestions are made for a more quantitative interpretation of temperature profiles. 9 refs.

Gupta, B.S.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Airborne Studies of the Smoke from the Kuwait Oil Fires  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...smoke from the Kuwait fires produced a small-scale...Concluding Remarks The airborne studies of the smoke from the Kuwait fires provided a large...1. Uncontrolled releases of oil began in January...and the oil field fires began in late February...Zimmerman). 3. An airborne study of the smoke...

Peter V. Hobbs; Lawrence F. Radke

1992-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

27

An option pricing theory explanation of the invasion of Kuwait  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to explain the invasion of Kuwait by making an analogy between a call option and the Iraq-Kuwait situation before the invasion on August 2, 1990. A number of factors contributed to the issuance of a deep-in-the money European call option to Iraq against Kuwait. The underlying asset is the crude oil reserves under Kuwait. Price of crude oil is determined in world spot markets. The exercise price is equal to the cost of permanently annexing and retaining Kuwait. The volatility is measured by the annualized variance of the weekly rate of return of the spot price of crude oil. Time-to-expiration is equal to the time period between decision date and actual invasion date. Finally, since crude oil prices are quoted in U.S. dollars, the U.S. Treasury bill rate is assumed to be the risk-free rate. In a base-case scenario, Kuwait`s oil reserves amount to 94,500 million barrels valued at $18 a barrell in early February 1990 resulting in a market value of $1,701 billion. Because the cost of the war to Iraq is not known, we assume it is comparable to that of the U.S.-led coalition of $51.0 billion. Time-to-expiration is six months. The treasury bill rate in early 1990 was around 7.5 percent. Annualized standard deviation of weekly rates of return is 0.216. The value of Kuwait`s invasion option is $1,642.25 billion. Depending on the scenario, the value of this special option ranged between $1,450 billion and $3.624 billion. 10 refs., 1 tab.

Muhtaseb, M.R.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

28

Quality in Saudi advertising design.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This research investigates reasons for differences in quality between advertisements created by local and international advertising agencies operating in Saudi Arabia. It focuses on the (more)

Alzahrani, Mojib Othman

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Analysis of sustainable water supply options for Kuwait  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis considers several options for improving the sustainability of Kuwait's water supply system. The country currently relies heavily on desalination and brackish groundwater extraction. The options considered for ...

Murtaugh, Katharine A. (Katharine Ann)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Physical properties of soils contaminated by oil lakes, Kuwait  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In preparation for a marine assault by the coalition forces, the Iraqi Army heavily mined Kuwait`s coastal zone and the oil fields. Over a million mines were placed on the Kuwait soil. Burning of 732 oil wells in the State of Kuwait due to the Iraqi invasion caused damages which had direct and indirect effect on environment. A total of 20-22 million barrels of spilled crude oil were collected in natural desert depressions and drainage network which formed more than 300 oil lakes. The total area covered with oil reached 49 km{sup 2}. More than 375 trenches revealed the existence of hard, massive caliche (CaCO{sub 3}) subsoil which prevent leached oil from reaching deeper horizons, and limited the maximum depth of penetration to 1.75 m. Total volume of soil contaminated reached 22,652,500 m{sup 3} is still causing environmental problems and needs an urgent cleaning and rehabilitation. Kuwait Oil Company has recovered approximately 21 million barrels from the oil lakes since the liberation of Kuwait. In our examined representative soil profiles the oil penetration was not deeper than 45 cm. Infiltration rate, soil permeability, grain size distribution, aggregates formation and water holding capacity were assessed. 15 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs.

Mohammad, A.S. [Kuwait Univ., Safat (Kuwait); Wahba, S.A.; Al-Khatieb, S.O. [Arabian Gulf Univ. (Bahrain)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Impact of Kuwait`s oil-fire smoke cloud on the sky of Bahrain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of the Kuwaiti oil well fires of 1991 on the atmospheric parameters of Bahrain (approximately 600 km southeast of Kuwait) were observed. Solar radiation, optical thickness, ultraviolet radiation, horizontal visibility, temperature, and solar spectral distribution were measured for 1991 and compared to the long-term values of 1985-1990. The relative monthly solar radiation in Bahrain was reduced by 8% (February) when 50 oil wells were burning and reduced further to 20% when 470 oil wells were on fire (April-July). In November 1991, when there were 12 oil wells burning, the recorded solar radiation became nearly equal to the long-term average. The monthly average daily optical thickness, {tau}, for the direct or beam solar radiation was calculated. The values of {tau} were found to be larger in 1991 than the average for the years 1985-1990 by nearly 58% during June and returned to normal in October (after nearly all the oil well fires were extinguished). The clear and smoked sky solar spectra distribution were detected before and during the burning of the Kuwait oil wells. Large absorption of the solar radiation was noticed on the 2nd and 3rd of March, 1991. The daily average infrared radiation during 1990 was found to be 6700.4 Whm{sup -2} and shifted to 9182.1 Whm{sup -2} in 1991. Comparison was also made between 1990 and 1991 data of the global solar radiation and the temperature. 13 refs., 12 figs., 1 tab.

Alnaser, W.E. [Univ. of Bahrain (Bahrain)] [Univ. of Bahrain (Bahrain)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Saudi National Security. Research report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this research paper is to focus on Saudi National Security. The author highlights geographic and historic factors that impact on threats to Saudi Arabia, and the objectives for providing security. He discusses how to achieve these objectives, including military readiness and cooperation with other countries to guarantee Saudi security. This is to ensure interests which are vital to the industrial world as the result of a continued flow of oil with a reasonable price. Given is the author`s opinion about U.S. political strategy in the region to achieve stability in the Gulf Region.

Al-Ayed, I.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Ground level concentration of sulfur dioxide at Kuwait`s major population centers during the oil-field fires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the Iraqi occupation, Kuwait`s oil wells were ignited. the fires were damaging to the country`s oil resources and air quality. The impact of the oil-field fires on the air quality was studied to determine the level of exposure to pollutants in major population centers. The period of July-September 1991 was selected for examination. A mathematical model was used to compute the ground-level concentration isopleths. The results of these computations are supported by significant concentrations measured and reported by the Environmental Protection Council, Kuwait. The ground-level concentrations of sulfur dioxide in the major population centers, whether measure or estimated, were less than the ambient standards of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency`s air pollution index. The dispersive characteristics were classified according to wind conditions. The results of this assessment provide historical data on Kuwait`s oil fires and may be useful in assessing risks resulting from this catastrophe. 6 refs., 10 fig., 2 tab.

Al-Ajmi, D.N.; Marmoush, Y.R. [Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (Kuwait)] [Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (Kuwait)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Fate and control of blistering chemical warfare agents in Kuwait`s desalination industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Kuwait, as most of the other states located along the Western shores of the Arabian Gulf, relies upon the Gulf as its main drinking water resource via desalination. In case of seawater contamination with blistering chemical warfare agents, traces of the agents and/or degradation products in the finished water might pose a serious health hazard. The objective of the present review is to study the potential contamination, transport, fate, effect and control of blistering chemical warfare agents (CWAs), in the Kuwaiti desalination industry. In general, all the environmental factors involved in the aquatic degradation of CWAs in Kuwait marine environment except for the high salinity in case of blistering agents such as sulphur mustard, and in favor of a fast degradation process. In case of massive releases of CWAs near the Kuwaiti shorelines, turbulence resulting from tidal cycles and high temperature will affect the dissolution process and extend the toxicity of the insoluble agent. Post- and pre-chlorination during the course of seawater desalination will catalyze and significantly accelerate the hydrolysis processes of the CWAs. The heat exerted on CWAs during the power generation-desalination processes is not expected to thermally decompose them. However, the steam heat will augment the agent`s rate of hydrolysis with subsequent acceleration in their rate of detoxification. Conventional pretreatment of feed seawater for reverse-osmosis desalination is theoretically capable of reducing the concentration of CWAs by coprecipitation and adsorption on flocs formed during coagulation. Prechlorination and prolonged detention in time in pretreatment units will simultaneously promote hydrolysis reactions. 50 refs.

Khordagui, H.K. [United Nations Economic and Social Commission for West Asia, Amman (Jordan)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Solar energy implementation in Nigeria.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This research focuses on energy sector in Nigeria, more precisely, the electricity sector. The current situation in the Nigeria is that energy supply is not (more)

Raudonis, Vytautas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Saudi Electricity Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electricity Company Electricity Company Jump to: navigation, search Name Saudi Electricity Company Place Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Zip 11416 Sector Solar Product Riyahd-based utility, 80% state-owned and 20% listed, that generates 37GW of electricity from 45 oil and gas-fuelled power plants. Has signalled interest in investing in solar energy, including a 20-30MW plant. References Saudi Electricity Company[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Saudi Electricity Company is a company located in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia . References ↑ "Saudi Electricity Company" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Saudi_Electricity_Company&oldid=350639"

37

MEW Efforts in Reducing Electricity and Water Consumption in Government and Private Sectors in Kuwait  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Engineers, membership No. 1715. MEW EFFORTS IN REDUCING ELECTRICITY AND WATER CONSUMPTION IN GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SECTORS IN KUWAIT Eng. Iqbal Al-Tayar Manager ? Technical Supervision Department Planning and Training Sector Ministry... of Electricity & Water (MEW) - Kuwait Historical Background - Electricity ? In 1913, the first electric machine was installed in Kuwait to operate 400 lambs for Al-Saif Palace. ? In 1934, two electric generators were installed with a total capacity of 60 k...

Al-Tayar, I.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria iraq kuwait Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2011 Summary: , Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Egypt, Eritrea, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya Source: Capecchi, Mario R. - Department of Biology, University...

39

The crisis in Kuwait and U. S. refiners' travail  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The August 2, 1990, invasion of Kuwait on the part of Iraq has set in motion an accelerated domino affect in US fuels markets. The impact on US refiners has been generally negative, both in terms of margins and perceptions of same. This issue of Energy Detente (ED) updates a few directional indicators that affect refining margins and considers longer-term refining capacity requirements in the US. ED feels the invasion of Kuwait might force oil companies to allocate more talent, time, and financial resources to public affairs. This issue also contains the following: (1) The ED Refining Netback Data Series for the US Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore as of Aug. 24, 1990; and (2) the ED Fuel Price/Tax Series for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere Aug. 1990 edition. 4 figs., 5 tabs.

Not Available

1990-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

40

Corporate Social Responsibility in Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Abstrakt Oppgaven utforsker forstelsen av bedriftenes samfunnsansvar (CSR) i Saudi Arabia og sammenligner denne forstelsen med den internasjonale diskursen av samme felt. For definere (more)

Gravem, Ole Magnus Berlin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Saudi Aramco | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aramco Aramco Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Saudi Aramco Name Saudi Aramco Address North Park 2, Building 3301 Place Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Sector Oil and Gas Product exploration & producing, refining, petrochemicals, distribution, shipping, marketing. Number of employees 10,000+"+" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property. Phone number +9663 872 0115 Website http://www.saudiaramco.com/irj Coordinates 26.2768607°, 50.1472321° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":26.2768607,"lon":50.1472321,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

42

Trace gas measurements in the Kuwait oil fire smoke plume  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors report trace gas measurements made both inside and outside the Kuwait oil-fire smoke plume during a flight of an instrumented research aircraft on May 30, 1991. Concentrations of SO{sub 2}, CO, and NO{sub x} averaged vertically and horizontally throughout the plume 80 km downwind of Kuwait City were 106, 127, and 9.1 parts per billion by volume (ppbv), respectively, above background concentrations. With the exception of SO{sub 2}, trace gas concentrations were far below typical US urban levels and primary national ambient air quality standards. Ambient ozone was titrated by NO in the dark, dense core of the smoke plume close to the fires, and photochemical ozone production was limited to the diffuse edge of the plume. Photochemical O{sub 3} production was noted throughout the plume at a distance of 160 km downwind of Kuwait City, and averaged 2.3 ppbv per hour during the first 3 hours of transport. Little additional photochemical production was noted at a downwind range of 340 km. The fluxes of sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, and reactive nitrogen from the roughly 520 fires still burning on May 30, 1991 are estimated at 1.4 x 10{sup 7} kg SO{sub 2}/d, 6.9 x 10{sup 6} kg CO/d, and 2.7 x 10{sup 5} kg N/d, respectively. Generally low concentrations of CO and NO{sub x} indicate that the combustion was efficient and occurred at low temperatures. Low total nonmethane hydrocarbon concentrations suggest that the volatile components of the petroleum were burned efficiently. 37 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

Luke, W.T.; Kok, G.L.; Schillawski, R.D.; Zimmerman, P.R.; Greenberg, J.P.; Kadavanich, M. [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)

1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

43

Building for Oil: Corporate Colonialism, Nationalism and Urban Modernity in Ahmadi, 1946-1992  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.Gordon. Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, 'Oman, and Central

Alissa, Reem IR

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Effect of oil pollution on fresh groundwater in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Massive oil fires in Kuwait were the aftermath of the Gulf War. This resulted in the pollution of air, water, and soil, the magnitude of which is unparalleled in the history of mankind. Oil fires damaged several oil well heads, resulting in the flow of oil, forming large oil lakes. Products of combustion from oil well fires deposited over large areas. Infiltrating rainwater, leaching out contaminants from oil lakes and products of combustion at ground surface, can reach the water table and contaminate the groundwater. Field investigations, supported by laboratory studies and mathematical models, show that infiltration of oil from oil lakes will be limited to a depth of about 2 m from ground surface. Preliminary mathematical models showed that contaminated rainwater can infiltrate and reach the water table within a period of three to four days, particularly at the Raudhatain and Umm Al-Aish regions. These are the only regions in Kuwait where fresh groundwater exists. After reaching the water table, the lateral movement of contaminants is expected to be very slow under prevailing hydraulic gradients. Groundwater monitoring at the above regions during 1992 showed minor levels of vanadium, nickel, and total hydrocarbons at certain wells. Since average annual rainfall in the region is only 120 mm/yr, groundwater contamination due to the infiltration of contaminated rainwater is expected to be a long-term one. 13 refs., 15 figs., 2 tabs.

Al-Sulaimi, J.; Viswanathan, M.N.; Szekely, F. [Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Chemical and physical properties of emissions from Kuwait oil fires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After the Iraqi retreat from Kuwait in 1991, airborne sampling was conducted in the oil fire plumes near Kuwait City and ground-level samples were taken of the air within the city. For the airborne sampling, a versatile air pollution sampler was used to determine the SO(2), elemental concentrations, the aerosol mass loadings and SO4(2-) and NO3(1-) concentrations. Striking differences between the black and white plumes were associated with high concentrations of NaCl and CaCl(2) measured in the white plumes and large numbers of carbon chain agglomerates in the black plumes. For the ground-based measurements, an annular denuder system was used to determine levels of SO(2), SO4(2-), trace elements, and mass loadings. Certain pollutant levels rose in the city during inversion conditions, when winds were too weak to continue moving the combustion products directly to the Persian Gulf, and the increased levels of Pb and certain trace elements were comparable to those in other large urban areas in Europe.

Stevens, R.; Pinto, J.; Mamane, Y.; Ondov, J.; Abdulraheem, M.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Social and Economic Challenges of Implementing Sustainable Materials on Buildings in Kuwait  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electrical load reached in 2012 was 11,850MW and according to 2011 statistics each person in Kuwait consumes 600L of water a day. By implementing LEED we hope these figures will significantly decrease. There will be economic benefits from an obvious... for the materials and resources credit for an existing building in Kuwait will be highlighted LEED EB O&M Points Scale Building Owners and Decision Makers in Kuwait have to Understand the Benefits of Implementing LEED A green building will reduce the negative...

Al-Foraih, R.; Al-Fahad, F.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Implementation of Simple Measures for Savings Water and Energy Consumption in Kuwait Government Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper gives in details the efforts made by the Public Services Department (PSD) to reduce water and energy consumptions in the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labour's (MOSAL) buildings in Kuwait. PSD manages around 125 buildings distributed...

Albaharani, H.; Al-Mulla, A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

International project finance : the case of Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines the record of the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development (KFAED) in light of changing fashions regarding the proper role and management of such funds in the development finance process. The key ...

Al-Jassar, Sulaiman Ahmed

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Offshore sedimentary facies of a modern carbonate ramp, Kuwait, northwestern Arabian-Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Kuwait example studied here may serve as a model for ancient carbonate ramp systems just as the classicalbut markedly differentsouthern Arabian-Persian Gulf ramp of the Trucial Coast (United Arab...

Eberhard Gischler; Anthony J. Lomando

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Ozone chemistry in the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ozone depletion occurred in the core of the plume of smoke from the Kuwait oil fires within 100 km of the fires, primarily in regions where NO{sub x} concentrations were high and ultraviolet flux was near zero. Rapid conversion of NO to NO{sub 2} can explain almost all of the ozone loss. Ozone was produced in diffuse regions of the plume, where the ultraviolet flux was higher than in the core. However, due to the relatively high ratio of nonmethane hydrocarbons to NO{sub x}, ozone production was slow. Since ozone was produced in a much larger volume than it was depleted, the plume as a whole was a source of ozone on a regional scale. 27 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Herring, J.A.; Hobbs, P.V. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)

1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

51

Saudi Aramco Gas Operations Energy Efficiency Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saudi Aramco Gas Operations (GO) created energy efficiency strategies for its 5-year business plan (2011-2015), supported by a unique energy efficiency program, to reduce GO energy intensity by 26% by 2015. The program generated an energy savings...

Al-Dossary, F. S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

The Big Gamble in the Saudi Desert  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...other research centers have equally broad mandatesfrom desalination and the genetics of plant stress to renewable energy and clean...Faculty Research Saudi Arabia Science education Universities economics organization & administration

Jeffrey Mervis

2009-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

53

Science meets Islam in the Saudi desert  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... two experimental FRG-Saudi solar devices, each consisting of a parabolic collector focussing on a Stirling engine that drives a 50 kilowatt generator. The cutback in oil revenues inevitably poses some ...

Peter Newmark

1987-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

54

Saudis map $450 million gulf spill cleanup  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on Saudi Arabia which has earmarked about $450 million to clean up Persian Gulf beaches polluted by history's worst oil spills, created during the Persian Gulf crisis. Details of the proposed cleanup measures were outlined by Saudi environmental officials at a seminar on the environment in Dubai, OPEC News Agency reported. The seminar was sponsored by the Gulf Area Oil Companies Mutual Aid Organization, an environmental cooperative agency set up by Persian Gulf governments. Meantime, a Saudi government report has outlined early efforts designed to contain the massive oil spills that hit the Saudi coast before oil could contaminate water intakes at the huge desalination plants serving Riyadh and cooling water facilities at Al Jubail.

Not Available

1991-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

55

Saudi arabia to inject funds into ITFC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Saudi Arabian will infuse the Islamic Trade Financing Corporation (ITFC) with SR112.5 million ($30 million). The money will come from the General Investment fund." (1 page)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Investments Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Investments January 19, 2007 - 10:38am Addthis Furthers Strategic Energy Dialogue between the Nations and Highlights U.S. - Saudi Scientific Innovation RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today continued his six-nation visit to the Middle East and Europe with a two-day stop in Saudi Arabia where he met with Saudi Arabia's Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Ali Ibrahim Al-Naimi to discuss joint energy cooperation. Secretary Bodman also toured the King Abdul-Aziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and will tour the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology during his visit. "The United States and Saudi Arabia enjoy a relationship of global

57

Towards effective development of Nigerias natural gas: lessons from Alberta.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Nigeria has a huge natural gas reserve, but to date this resource has been largely under-developed. This state of affair has impacted negatively on Nigerias (more)

Badejo, Ifueko

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Studies of the Kuwait oil fire plume during midsummer 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports aircraft observations of the Kuwait oil fire plume conducted during the period July 31-August 17, 1991. During this study the plume was transported almost exclusively to the south of Kuwait over the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Peninsula. The plume base was generally found to be well above the surface, in some cases as high as 1-2 km; plume tops did not exceed 5 km. Aerosol mass (based on measured aerosol constituents) in the central section of the plume, ca. 150-200 km downwind of the source region, was found to be >500 {mu}g/m{sup 3}, with number densities in the size range (approximate) 0.2 < d < 3 {mu}m (where d is diameter) as high as 30,000/cm{sup 3}. The aerosol was composed of (in order of approximate contribution to mass) inorganic salts, elemental carbon, and organic carbon. Sodium chloride constituted a surprisingly large component of the soluble inorganic mass. The aerosol particles appeared to function as good cloud condensation nuclei, with a large fraction of accumulation mode particles (by number) activated at a supersaturation of 0.6%. Under conditions in which the plume was relatively compact, transmittance of solar radiation to the surface was only 10-20%. Plume albedo was observed to be as low as 2-3% close to the source region, consistent with the high elemental-carbon concentrations present in the plume. Trace gas concentrations were consistent with fuel composition and with current knowledge of atmospheric chemical processes. Sulfur dioxide concentrations close to the source region were found to be as high as 300-400 ppb. The emissions factor for S (expressed as a percentage) was estimated to be 1.8%, which is consistent with estimates of a fuel sulfur content of 2-2.5%. SO{sub 2} was found to be only slowly oxidized (<1%/h). Nitrogen oxide concentrations were found to be quite low (<50 ppb near the source, decreasing to 1-2 ppb well downwind), which is consistent with a crude oil nitrogen source. 32 refs., 15 figs., 7 tabs.

Daum, P.H.; Al-Sunaid, A.; Busness, K.M.; Hales, J.M.; Mazurek, M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1993-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

59

Chemical composition of emissions from the Kuwait oil fires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Airborne measurements in the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires in May and June 1991 indicate that the combined oil and gas emissions were equivalent to the consumption of about 4.6 million barrels of oil per day. The combustion was relatively efficient, with about 96% of the fuel carbon burned emitted as CO{sub 2}. Particulate smoke emissions averaged 2% of the fuel burned, of which about 20% was soot. About two-thirds of the mass of the smoke was accounted for by salt, soot, and sulfate. The salt most likely originated from oil field brines, which were ejected from the wells along with the oil. The salt accounts for the fact that many of the plumes were white. SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} were removed from the smoke at rates of about 6 and 22% per hour, respectively. The high salt and sulfate contents explain why a large fraction of the particles in the smoke were efficient cloud condensation nuclei. 14 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Ferek, R.J.; Hobbs, P.V.; Herring, J.A. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Laursen, K.K. [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States); Weiss, R.E. [Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology, Beaverton, OR (United States); Rasmussen, R.A. [Radiance Research, Inc., Seattle, WA (United States)

1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

60

Taking stock of Saddam's fiery legacy in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Six months after Saddam Hussein's torching of more than 700 Kuwaiti oil wells, health officials, meteorologists, and environmental experts convened during mid-August in Cambridge, Massachusetts, to assess the impact of the fires. The soot cloud produced by the fires hasn't produced a nuclear winter, nor are the carbon dioxide and other gases released going to have an appreciable effect on global warming, although regional weather changes are possible. So far adverse health effects from the heavy pall of pollution caused by the fires have been surprisingly mild. This isn't to say that premature deaths will not occur, but many scientists had feared much worse. Nevertheless, all researchers concede that the data for this particular conclusion are still preliminary, and they expressed concerns that health problems may worsen in the coming months. Most of the health effects are expected in a region blanketed by a plume of smoke 800 to 1,000 kilometers long. The average concentrations of the primary pollutants it contains, carbon-based particles and sulfur dioxide, are similar to those in any large urban center. Still, the oil fires increase the pollution burden on Kuwait, which already had a problem with particulates in the air, and some epidemiologists expect that the extra pollutants will take their toll.

Hoffman, M.

1991-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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61

Optical extinction of smoke from the Kuwait oil fires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aircraft-based measurements of optical extinction, optical scattering, and particle mass concentrations were obtained in the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires during May and June 1991. These measurements were used to derive optical absorption, single-scattering albedo ({anti {omega}}), specific absorption and the amount of soot in the smoke. Measurements were made in smoke from individual oil wells, pool fires and in composite smoke plumes. The value of {anti {omega}} for smoke from the individual fires was either 0.35-0.4 (for the black smoke) or 0.85-0.95 (for the white smoke). For the aged composite plume from all of the fires, {anti {omega}} ranged from 0.52 to 0.6. The specific absorption of the composite smoke varied from about 2 m{sup 2} g{sup {minus}1} near the fires to about 1.5 m{sup 2} g{sup {minus}1} well downwind. 8 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Weiss, R.E. [Radiance Research, Inc., Seattle, WA (United States); Hobbs, P.V. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)

1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

62

Everything depends on the Saudis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that oil markets are at their lowest level in 18 months, since before the Persian Gulf crisis. What is remarkable is that the world oil industry is producing essentially at capacity, yet OPEC shows no sign of taking advantage of this situation to drive up prices. Rather, commodity market forces are quickly exploiting any short-term surplus or shortage, and the oil market is exposed to continuing price volatility. Oil market uncertainties - the return of Iraqi and Kuwaiti production, prospects for exports from former Soviet republics, and the fragility of economic recovery - appear bigger than normal and threaten to oversupply markets in the spring when oil demand declines seasonally. The downward trend in world oil prices that began in November may continue into the second quarter of 1992. However, by the second half an economic recovery may be underway. If that happens, demand should grow and the market firm. At any rate, prices in 1992 may be more stable than commonly expected, because Saudi Arabia does not seem to want prices much above or below 1991 levels. That would be a range of $20 - $21 for WTI.

Sauer, J.W. (Conoco Inc., Houston, TX (US))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":25,"lon":45,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

64

Greater Burgan of Kuwait: world's second largest oil field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Greater Burgan (Main burgan, Magwa, and Ahmadi) field is located in the Arabian Platform geologic province and the stable shelf tectonic environment of the Mesopotamian geosyncline, a sedimentary basin extending from the Arabian shield on the west to the complexly folded and faulted Zagros Mountains on the east. The structural development in Cretaceous time represents a major anticlinorium bounded by a basin to the west and a synclinorium to the east. Greater Burgan is located within this anticlinorium. The field consists of three dome structures 25 km wide and 65 km long with gentle dips of only few degrees. Faults have little throw and did not contribute to the trapping mechanism. The structural deformation may have been caused by halokinetic movements and most likely by basement block faulting that may have started in the Paleozoic. Greater Burgan was discovered in 1938. All production during the last 40 years has been by its natural pressure. Although natural gas injection has been carried out for some time, no waterflooding has been initiated yet. Recoverable reserves of the field are 87 billion bbl of oil. During the last 5 years giant reserves have been added in this field from the deeper strata of Jurassic age. Several deep wells have been drilled to the Permian for the purpose of discovering gas. So far, no Permian gas has been found in Kuwait. The Permian is 25,000 ft deep, and it is unlikely gas will be found there in the future. However, the potential of the Jurassic reservoirs will be a major target in the future. Also, there is a great possibility of discovering oil in stratigraphic traps, as several producing strata in the nearby fields pinch out on the flanks of this giant structure. Enhanced oil recovery should add significant reserves in the future.

Youash, Y.Y.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Change in regime and transfer function models of global solar radiation in Kuwait  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of the models for global solar radiation in Kuwait is based on removing the annual periodicity and seasonal variation. The first methodology used here is the change in regime technique that relies on dividing the observations into two ... Keywords: ARMA model, Harmonic analysis, Solar radiation, Transfer function

S. A. Al-Awadhi

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

NNSA Signs Memorandum with Kuwait to Increase Cooperation on Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

On June 23, 2010, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) signed a Memorandum of Cooperation on nuclear safeguards and other nonproliferation topics with the Kuwait National Nuclear Energy Committee (KNNEC). NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino and KNNEC's Secretary General, Dr. Ahmad Bishara, signed the memorandum at a ceremony at U.S. Department of Energy headquarters in Washington.

Thomas D'Agostino

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

NNSA Signs Memorandum with Kuwait to Increase Cooperation on Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On June 23, 2010, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) signed a Memorandum of Cooperation on nuclear safeguards and other nonproliferation topics with the Kuwait National Nuclear Energy Committee (KNNEC). NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino and KNNEC's Secretary General, Dr. Ahmad Bishara, signed the memorandum at a ceremony at U.S. Department of Energy headquarters in Washington.

Thomas D'Agostino

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

68

Port employment in eastern Saudi Arabia: problems and prospects.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Social, cultural and economic influences have combined to create a shortage of national manpower in Saudi Arabia. This study aims to investigate the extent of (more)

Al-Nughimshi, Abdullah M

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

An examination of the perceived need and recommended body of knowledge for architectural internship programs in Kuwait  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study stresses and reflects a professional concern for the state of architecture in Kuwait, with a specific emphasis on the development of competence of architectural students and recent graduates on professional knowledge areas...

Abdullah, Mohammad

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

70

Sustainable water resources development in Kuwait : an integrated approach with comparative analysis of the case of Singapore  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis assesses the water resource status of Kuwait and Singapore, both countries considered as water scarce. The institutional aspect of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) efforts in both countries is closely ...

Nazerali, Nasruddin A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Operators in Yemen draw warning from Saudis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that foreign oil companies with concessions in northern Yemen have been drawn into a border dispute between Yemen and Saudi Arabia. At least six companies received letters from the Saudi government warning them that steps, as yet undefined, will be taken if exploration extends into disputed areas. A second territorial dispute also appears to be brewing in the region. Iran has ejected United Arab Emirates nationals from the island of Abu Musa in the Persian Gulf, which is jointly administered by Iran and Sharjah, one of the emirates. The U.A.E. government has reported the situation to the Gulf Cooperation Council, triggering a denial from Iran that anyone has been deported from the island.

Not Available

1992-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

72

Enhanced Operation Strategies for Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems Toward Peak Power Reduction for an Office Building in Kuwait  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhanced?Operation?Strategies?for?Air? Conditioning?and?Lighting? Systems?Toward?Peak?Power?Reduction? for?an?Office?Building?in?Kuwait F. Alghimlas A. Al-Mulla G.P. Maheshwari D. Al-Nakib Building and Energy Technologies Department... Environment and Urban Development Division ICEBO 2012 Manchester, United Kingdom October 23-26, 2012 Electricity?Use?by?Sector?in?Kuwait Percentages?of?Primary?Energy?Utilization Percentages?of?Electricity?Utilization Yearly?Increase?in...

Alghimlas, F.; Al-Mulla, A.; Maheshwari, G.P.; Al-Nakib, D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Readout of Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Readout of Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia February 22, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Secretary Chu was in Riyadh today on his first stop of a four-day Middle East trip. He met with King Abdullah, Minister of Petroleum & Mineral Resources Ali Al Naimi and other senior officials. Secretary Chu reaffirmed the United States' commitment to a strong bilateral relationship with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and discussed energy security, alternative energy technologies, climate change, and science and technology issues. The Secretary began the day with a bilateral meeting with Minister Al Naimi. Topics on the agenda included global energy markets, Saudi Aramco's technology strategy and carbon capture and storage. The

74

Emission factors for particles, elemental carbon, and trace gases from the Kuwait oil fires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Emission factors are presented for particles, elemental carbon (i.e., soot), total organic carbon in particles and vapor, and for various trace gases from the 1991 Kuwait oil fires. Particle emissions accounted for {approximately} 2% of the fuel burned. In general, soot emission factors were substantially lower than those used in recent {open_quotes}nuclear winter{close_quotes} calculations. Differences in the emissions and appearances of some of the individual fires are discussed. Carbon budget data for the composite plumes from the Kuwait fires are summarized; most of the burned carbon in the plumes was in the form of CO{sub 2}. Fluxes are presented for several combustion products. 26 refs., 1 fig., 5 tabs.

Laursen, K.K.; Ferek, R.J.; Hobbs, P.V. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Rasmussen, R.A. [Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology, Beaverton, OR (United States)

1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

75

Freeport, TX Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Nigeria (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Freeport, TX Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

76

Nigeria-IAEA Energy Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5 Country Nigeria Western Africa References IAEA project database1 IAEA worked with Nigeria on Strengthening National Capacity for Long Term Energy Planning activities....

77

Assessment of damage to the desert surfaces of Kuwait due to the Gulf War  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a preliminary report on a joint research project by Boston University and the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research that commenced in April 1992. The project aim is to establish the extent and nature of environmental damage to the desert surface and coastal zone of Kuwait due to the Gulf War and its aftermath. Change detection image enhancement techniques were employed to enhance environmental change by comparison of Landsat Thematic Mapper images obtained before the wars and after the cessation of the oil and well fires. Higher resolution SPOT images were also utilized to evaluate the nature of the environmental damage to specific areas. The most prominent changes were due to: (1) the deposition of oil and course-grained soot on the desert surface as a result of oil rain'' from the plume that emanated from the oil well fires; (2) the formation of hundreds of oil lakes, from oil seepage at the damaged oil well heads; (3) the mobilization of sand and dust and (4) the pollution of segments of the coastal zone by the deposition of oil from several oil spills. Interpretation of satellite image data are checked in the field to confirm the observations, and to assess the nature of the damage. Final results will be utilized in establishing the needs for remedial action to counteract the harmful effects of the various types of damage to the environment of Kuwait.

El-Baz, F. (Boston Univ., MA (United States). Center for Remote Sensing); Al-Ajmi, D. (Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research (Kuwait). Environmental and Earth Sciences Div.)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Measurement of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations in the plume of Kuwait oil well fires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Following their retreat from Kuwait during February and March of 1991, the Iraqi Army set fire to over 500 oil wells dispersed throughout the Kuwait oil fields. During the period of sampling from July to August 1991, it was estimated that between 3.29 {times} 10{sup 6} barrels per day of crude oil were combusted. The resulting fires produced several plumes of black and white smoke that coalesced to form a composite ``super`` plume. Because these fires were uncontrolled, significant quantities of organic materials were dispersed into the atmosphere and drifted throughout the Middle East. The organic particulants associated with the plume of the oil well fires had a potential to be rich in polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) compounds. Based on the extreme mutagenic and carcinogenic activities of PAHs found in laboratory testing, a serious health threat to the population of that region potentially existed. Furthermore, the Kuwait oil fire plumes represented a unique opportunity to study the atmospheric chemistry associated with PAHs in the plume. If samples were collected near the plume source and from the plume many kilometers downwind from the source, comparisons could be made to better understand atmospheric reactions associated with particle-bound and gas-phase PAHs. To help answer health-related concerns and to better understand the fate and transport of PAHs in an atmospheric environment, a sampling and analysis program was developed.

Olsen, K.B.; Wright, C.W.; Veverka, C. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Ball, J.C. [Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, MI (United States). Scientific Research Lab.; Stevens, R. [US Environmental Protection Agency (United States). Atmospheric Research and Exposure Assessment Lab.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Another Viewpoint (AVP)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the oil wells and installations in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait andKuwait, or simply assure relatively cheap supplies of oil? Some of these objectives, if well

Tuma, Elias H

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Energy-environmental issues in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines energy-environmental issues in Nigeria. It reviews past trends in both commercial and non-commercial energy consumption and presents the results of a 25-year energy supply mix projection, using a linear programming technique. The paper discusses Nigeria's major energy-related environmental problems. Finally, the various policy options available to Nigeria in dealing with the problems identified are elucidated.

A.O. Adegbulugbe

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Essays on Forecasting and Hedging Models in the Oil Market and Causality Analysis in the Korean Stock Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Angola), Oriente (Ecuador), Iran Heavy (Islamic Republic of Iran), Basra Light (Iraq), Kuwait Export (Kuwait), Es Sider (Libya), Bonny Light (Nigeria), Qatar Marine (Qatar), Arab Light (Saudi Arabia), Murban (UAE) and Merey (Venezuela). OPEC collects...-1 and 5-3-2, may also be utilized for crack spread margins. Especially, the 2-1-1 crack spread, signifying that two barrels of crude yield a barrel each of gasoline and heating oil, is a better description of the case of heavy crude oils like OPEC basket...

Choi, Hankyeung

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

82

King Fahd University of Petroleum & Dhahran -Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals Dhahran - Saudi Arabia Faculty Promotion Regulations of the individual's academic accomplishments and achivements. King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM considered in promotion. The university shall use the promotion process to encourage academic excellence

Almulhem, Ahmad

83

Support for court-yard houses : Riyad, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this report is to explore the application of the support concept in the Saudi Arabian context, as a result of the author's interest in the concept of user participation. To do so, the following steps were ...

Akbar, Jamel A

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Recommendations for Future Research in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recommendations for Future Research in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia David J. Delene Atmospheric Sciences Department University of North Dakota #12;Motivation for Weather Modification Research Water Resource Stresses Severe Weather Hazards Inadvertent Weather Modification New Observational, Computational

Delene, David J.

85

Poverty Reduction in Nigeria Using Information Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

According to a UNDP Report 1998, about 54% of Africa's population is estimated to live in absolute poverty. Currently in Nigeria, rapid change and vigorous development in information technology IT is occurring, changing Nigerians' way of life, as well ... Keywords: Economic Livelihood, IT, Nigeria, Poverty Alleviation, Wealth Creation

R. O. Akinyede, O. K. Boyinbode, B. K. Alese

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Saudis adjusting to lower production levels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article points out that development work in Saudi Arabia reflects the realities of the oil industry in the second half of the 1980s. Gone are the multibillion investments in refineries, basic petrochemicals, associated gas gathering systems, and other production facilities. This article reviews alternatives that have sprung up in their place: an extensive program to mothball surplus offshore and onshore production facilities; new non-associated gas production facilities to offset the shortfall in associated gas supplies from declining crude oil production; additional investment in trunk pipelines to reduce national dependence on export terminals in the trouble-plagued Persian Gulf. Production last year averaged 4.689 million b/d. Output during the first half of this year fell to under 4 million b/d under new quotas established by the Organisation of Petroleeum Exporting Countries (OPEC). For the rest of 1987, production is not expected to exceed 4.2 million b/d.

Vielvoye, R.

1987-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

87

Trajectory Analysis of Saudi Arabian Dust Storms 1 Michael Notaro 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Trajectory Analysis of Saudi Arabian Dust Storms 1 2 Michael-Atmospheres 11 12 Abstract 13 14 Temporal and spatial characteristics of Saudi, are investigated using station and gridded weather 16 observations and remotely

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

88

The acoustical performance of mosques' main prayer hall geometry in the eastern province, Saudi arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arabia H. Hossam Eldien and H. Al Qahtani Dammam Univ., P O Box 2397, 31451 Dammam, Saudi Arabia hany

Boyer, Edmond

89

Radiative effects of the smoke clouds from the Kuwait oil fires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The radiative effects of the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires were assessed by measuring downwelling and upwelling solar flux, as well as spectral solar extinction beneath, above, and within the smoke plume. Seven radiation flight missions were undertaken between May 16 and June 2, 1991, to characterize the plume between the source region in Kuwait and approximately 200 km south, near Manama, Bahrain. The authors present results from one flight representative of conditions of the composite plume. On May 18, 1991, in a homogeneous, well-mixed region of smoke approximately 100 km downstream of the fires, visible optical depths as high as 2 were measured, at which time transmission to the surface was 8%, while 78% of the solar radiation was absorbed by the smoke. The calculated instantaneous heating rate inside the plume reached 24 K/d. While these effects are probably typical of those regions in the Persian Gulf area directly covered by the smoke, there is no evidence to suggest significant climatic effects in other regions. 13 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Pilewskie, P.; Valero, F.P.J. [NASA/Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA (United States)

1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

90

Geological model of the Jurassic section in the State of Kuwait  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Until the end of the seventies, the knowledge of Jurassic Geology in the State of Kuwait was very limited, since only one deep well was drilled and bottomed in the Triassic sediments. Few scattered wells partially penetrated the Jurassic sequence. During the eighties, appreciable number of wells were drilled through the Jurassic, and added a remarkable volume of information. consequently it was necessary to analyze the new data, in order to try to construct a geological model for the Jurassic in the State of Kuwait. This paper includes a number of isopach maps explaining the Jurassic depositional basin which also helps in trying to explain the Jurassic basin in the Arabian Gulf basin. Structural evolution of the Jurassic sequence indicated an inversion of relief when compared with the Cretaceous sequence. In fact, the main Cretaceous arches were sites of sedimentation troughs during the Jurassic period. This fact marks a revolution in the concepts for the Jurassic oil exploration. One of the very effective methods of the definition of the Jurassic structures is the isopaching of the Gotnia Formation. Najmah, Sargelu and Marrat Formations include the main Jurassic reservoirs which were detected as a result of the exploration activities during the eighties. Selective stratigraphic and structural cross sections have been prepared to demonstrate and explain the nature of the Jurassic sediments.

Yousif, S.; Nouman, G.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Nigeria-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nigeria-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Nigeria-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Jump to: navigation, search Name Nigeria-Climate Technology Fund (CTF) Agency/Company /Organization African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Geothermal, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Nigeria Western Africa References Nigeria-CTF Investment Plan[1] Nigeria-Climate Technology Fund (CTF) Screenshot Overview "The Clean Technology Fund (CTF), one of two Climate Investment Funds, promotes scaled-up financing for demonstration, deployment and transfer of

92

Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) Name Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) Address P.O. Box 30078 Place Yanbu, Saudi Arabia Sector Oil and Gas Product Crude Oil Refining Phone number (966) (4) 396-4443 Website http://www.samref.com.sa/ Coordinates 24.0866932°, 38.0585527° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.0866932,"lon":38.0585527,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

93

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 108410 Coordinates 24.640833°, 46.772778° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.640833,"lon":46.772778,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

94

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Yanbu, Saudi Arabia Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 100425 Coordinates 24.085278°, 38.048611° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.085278,"lon":38.048611,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

95

Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 107797 Coordinates 17.433333°, 43.216667° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":17.433333,"lon":43.216667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

96

Chain-aggregate aerosols in smoke from the Kuwait oil fires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrooptical scattering was used to detect aggregated particle chains in the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires. Nonsphericity was detected by the change in light scattering brought about by induced alignment of particles when subjected to a pulsed, bipolar electric field. Measured parameters included the steady state enhancement of light scattering for complete orientation of the particles, and the rotational diffusion constant, calculated from the time required for the particles to relax to a random orientation after the electric field was removed. Chain aggregates of soot formed within seconds of combustion for those fires producing black smoke. These aggregates agglomerated to some extent in the smoke near the fires, but then remained relatively unchanged for several hours of travel downwind. Very little nonsphericity was detected for particles in the plume of white smoke, which consisted primarily of salt brine products emitted along with the oil. 10 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Weiss, R.E. [Radiance Research, Inc., Seattle, WA (United States); Kapustin, V.N. [Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Hobbs, P.V. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)

1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

97

An approach to predict tarmat breakdown in Minagish Reservoir in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Minagish Oolite reservoir, Minagish Field in Kuwait is characterized by tarmat presence at the oil-water contact. A water flooding project is planned for the reservoir. This paper discusses the possibility of tarmat break-down upon water injection below it. It was found that differential pressure at tarmat would be mainly due to water injection and that differential pressure due to oil production would be negligible. This paper suggests a technique to predict tarmat break-down time, response time at the nearest producer or observation well and the time at which water injection should be switched from below tarmat to above it. Also, the technique could be used to predict the differential pressure at tarmat anywhere in the reservoir.

Osman, M.E.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Multicriteria decision making in electricity demand management: the case of Kuwait  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electricity demand in Kuwait has substantially increased over the years and this increase is attributed to population growth, increase in the number of buildings, and the extensive use of air-conditioning system during the very hot weather in the summer. The amount of electrical energy generated reached 48 444 308 megawatt hour (MWH) in 2007. Such growth calls for extensive investment in the continuous expansion of the existing power plants and constructing new ones. To rationalise the consumption of electricity, several conservation policies have to be implemented. In this work, we have attempted to diagnose such problem and solicit expert opinions in order to provide the proper remedies. Because the problem comprises several criteria that are subjective in nature, multicriteria decision-making approaches were suggested. The Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used as a decision tool to assess the different policies that could be used to bring about electricity conservation.

Mohammed Hajeeh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Middle Cretaceous (Cenomanian Ostracoda from the Wasia Formation of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

producers of oil in of wells from which ostracodes were recovered. Fig. 1. Location 38 39 2 The University of Kansas Paleontological ContributionsPaper 108 Bahrain, Kuwait, and Iraq. (For more strat- igraphic details see Powers and other, 1966; Powers... producers of oil in of wells from which ostracodes were recovered. Fig. 1. Location 38 39 2 The University of Kansas Paleontological ContributionsPaper 108 Bahrain, Kuwait, and Iraq. (For more strat- igraphic details see Powers and other, 1966; Powers...

Al-Furiah, A. A. F.

1983-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

100

KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. INTRODUCTION 1 1.1 The nature of petroleum 1 1.2 The petroleum reservoir 1 1.3 Significance of rock properties.4 Resisitivity log 25 Chapter 6. ROCK PERMEABILITY 28 6.1 Definition 28 6.2 Differential form of Darcy's law 29 6KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Basic Properties of Reservoir

Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Gamification to Improve Adherence to Diabeteic Treatment in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamification to Improve Adherence to Diabeteic Treatment in Saudi Arabia Alaa Abdullah Al, proposes the first Arabic system for managing diabetes using gamification. Keywords-component; Diabetes; Gamification; Self-Care; e- Healthcare I. INTRODUCTION Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common illnesses

102

Contribution of power and desalination plants to the levels of volatile liquid hydrocarbons in the nearby coastal areas of Kuwait  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The levels and distribution of volatile liquid hydrocarbons (VLHs) were determined in Kuwait`s coastal areas in the vicinity of outlets of power and desalination plants. About 230 samples were collected from the selected sampling locations over the 4 seasons. The VLHs in the samples were analyzed using Grob`s closed-loop stripping technique and GC with FID and confirmed by GC/MS. The results showed that significant levels of VLHs were present. The levels ranged from 307 to 6,500 ng/L and from 2,880 to 7,811 ng/L in Kuwait Bay and Sulaibekhat Bay, respectively. The annual average for VLHs near Al-Zor power plant ranged from 465 to 4,665 ng/L. Benzenoids formed the bulk (about 80%) of the VLHs present. Comparison with the levels in the outlets indicated that Doha West power plant contributed much higher levels of VLHs to the coastal areas than Al-Zor plant.

Saeed, T.; Khordagui, H.; Al-Hashash, H. [Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait). Environmental Sciences Dept.] [Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait). Environmental Sciences Dept.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Saudi Arabia | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Saudi Arabia November 17, 2005 - 2:48pm Addthis Meeting with Minister Al-Naimi, tour of Shaybah oil field, and kick-off of International Energy Forum highlight four-day visit DHAHRAN, SAUDI ARABIA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman is continuing his four-day visit to the Middle East in Saudi Arabia today, meeting with Saudi Arabia's Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Ali bin Ibrahim Al-Naimi, touring the Aramco headquarters and visiting Aramco's Shaybah oil field. "Consumers of energy and producers of energy are becoming ever-more intertwined, and a strong, vibrant relationship will help us work together for years to come," Secretary Bodman said. "It's important that we understand each other and recognize each other's needs for both the short

104

Understanding Saudi Arabian students' engagement in e-learning 2.0 in Australian higher education  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper focuses on understanding Saudi Arabian students' engagement in e-learning 2.0 in Australian higher education. Eight Saudi students enrolled in the Australian Higher Education were interviewed to discuss their experiences and attitudes towards ... Keywords: Australian higher education, Saudi Arabian students, e-learning 2.0, educational technology, engaging in e-learning 2.0, grounded theory, qualitative research, web 2.0

Omar Mayan, Judy Sheard, Angela Carbone

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Nigeria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nigeria: Energy Resources Nigeria: Energy Resources (Redirected from ECOWAS Gateway-Nigeria) Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":10,"lon":8,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

106

Composition analyses of size-resolved aerosol samples taken from aircraft downwind of Kuwait, Spring 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analyses are reported for eight aerosol samples taken from the National Center for Atmospheric Research Electra typically 200 to 250 km downwind of Kuwait between May 19 and June 1, 1991. Aerosols were separated into fine (D{sub p} < 2.5 {mu}m) and coarse (2.5 < D{sub p} 10 {mu}m) particles for optical, gravimetric, X ray and nuclear analyses, yielding information on the morphology, mass, and composition of aerosols downwind of Kuwait. The mass of coarse aerosols ranged between 60 and 1971 {mu}g/m{sup 3} and, while dominated by soil derived aerosols, contained considerable content of sulfates and salt (NaCl) and soot in the form of fluffy agglomerates. The mass of fine aerosols varied between 70 and 785 {mu}g/m{sup 3}, of which about 70% was accounted for via compositional analyses performed in vacuum. While most components varied greatly from flight to flight, organic matter and fine soils each accounted for about 1/4 of the fine mass, while salt and sulfates contributed about 10% and 7%, respectively. The Cl/S ratios were remarkably constant, 2.4 {+-} 1.2 for coarse particles and 2.0 {+-} 0.2 for fine particles, with one flight deleted in each case. Vanadium, when observed, ranged from 9 to 27 ng/m{sup 3}, while nickel ranged from 5 to 25 ng/m{sup 3}. In fact, fine sulfates, vanadium, and nickel occurred in levels typical of Los Angeles, California, during summer 1986. The V/Ni ratio, 1.7 {+-} 0.4, was very similar to the ratios measured in fine particles from combusted Kuwaiti oil, 1.4 {+-} 0.9. Bromine, copper, zinc, and arsenic/lead were also observed at levels between 2 and 190 ng/m{sup 3}. The presence of massive amounts of fine, typically alkaline soils in the Kuwaiti smoke plumes significantly modified their behavior and probably mitigated their impacts, locally and globally. 16 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

Cahill, T.A.; Wilkinson, K. [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States); Schnell, R. [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)

1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

107

Identification of Business Opportunities within the solar industry for Saudi Arabian Companies.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This master thesis report presents a prefeasibility analysis for a Saudi Company to enter the solar industry.Section one of this report illustrates the value (more)

Retana Herrera, Julio

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Soils and agricultural development in the region of Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The process of agricultural development and its related problems is. a serious economic difficulty facing the developing countries throughout the world. In Saudi Arabia such (more)

Al-Jerash, Mohammed Abdullah

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

The participation of women in Saudi Arabia's economy: Obstacles and prospects.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Low female labour force participation has been one of the main characteristics of the Saudi labour market over the last fifty years. This study is (more)

Al-Dehailan, Salman Saleh

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Saudi-Arabias forverrede forhold til Iran etter 2011. : En konsekvens av kte indre spenninger?.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Helt siden den islamske revolusjonen i Iran i 1979 har relasjonen mellom Saudi-Arabia og Iran vrt preget av spenning. Begge landene nsker, ved spre (more)

Grimsrud, Siri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Nigeria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nigeria: Energy Resources Nigeria: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":10,"lon":8,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

112

Oil enclave economy and sexual liaisons in Nigeria's Niger Delta region.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis examines the intersection of oil enclave economy and the phenomenon of sexual liaisons in Nigerias Niger Delta region. The particular focus of this (more)

Gandu, Yohanna Kagoro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Dynamical and radiative response to the massive injection of aerosol from Kuwait oil burning fires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of the injection of large amount of soot comparable to that produced in the burning of oil wells in Kuwait were studied using a 2-D mesoscale model. During the three day numerical simulation the ground-atmosphere system appears to be strongly perturbed. A surface cooling is produced in the first two days above and downwind of the sources. The cooling, between -10 C over the desert and -0.5 C over the sea is dependent on the surface characteristics. The temperature decrease at the ground results in a stratified troposphere which inhibits convection and perturbs the normal diurnal variability of the boundary layer while the upper levels are driven by the radiative warming of the aerosol layer. In this region after few hours the simulation produces a warming of 0.8 C reaching a maximum of 6 C is after 60 hours. During the last 2 days of simulation the long wave radiation emitted by the low altitude atmospheric layers contribute to mitigate the surface cooling. A detailed discussion of the radiative and the dynamical interactions is given and it is shown that beside the specific interest in the short term effects these results may be useful to parameterize the smoke source for a General Circulation Model (GCM) simulation.

Ferretti, R.; Visconti, G. [Univ. L`Aquila (Italy)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Daily dispersion model calculations of the Kuwait oil fire smoke plume  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC) provided daily forecasts of the position and spatial character of the Kuwait oil fire smoke plume to the NSF-coordinated research aircraft missions in the Persian Gulf. ARAC also provided daily plume dispersion products to various nations in the Persian Gulf region under the auspices of the World Meteorological Organization for a period of nearly 5 months. Forecasted three dimensional winds were provided to ARAC from the US Air Force Global Weather Central`s Relocatable Wind Model (RWM). The RWM winds were spaced approximately 90 km in the horizontal and were located at the surface, 1000 ft., 2000 ft, 5000 ft and every 5000 ft up to 30,000 ft elevation. The forecast periods were 0, 6, 24, and 36 hours from both 0000 and 1200 UTC. A wind field model (MATHEW) corrected for terrain influences on the wind. The smoke plume was dispersed using a three dimensional particle-in-cell code (ADPIC) with buoyant plume rise capability. Multiple source locations were used to represent the burning oil fields. Improved estimates of the source term and emission factors for the smoke were incorporated into the ADPIC calculations as the field measurement data were made available.

Ellis, J.S.; Foster, C.S.; Foster, K.T.; Sullivan, T.J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Baskett, R.L.; Nasstrom, J.S.; Schalk, W.W. III [EG and G Energy Measurements, Inc., Pleasanton, CA (United States); Greenly, G.D. [IT Corp., Irvine, CA (United States)

1992-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

115

Daily dispersion model calculations of the Kuwait oil fire smoke plume  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC) provided daily forecasts of the position and spatial character of the Kuwait oil fire smoke plume to the NSF-coordinated research aircraft missions in the Persian Gulf. ARAC also provided daily plume dispersion products to various nations in the Persian Gulf region under the auspices of the World Meteorological Organization for a period of nearly 5 months. Forecasted three dimensional winds were provided to ARAC from the US Air Force Global Weather Central's Relocatable Wind Model (RWM). The RWM winds were spaced approximately 90 km in the horizontal and were located at the surface, 1000 ft., 2000 ft, 5000 ft and every 5000 ft up to 30,000 ft elevation. The forecast periods were 0, 6, 24, and 36 hours from both 0000 and 1200 UTC. A wind field model (MATHEW) corrected for terrain influences on the wind. The smoke plume was dispersed using a three dimensional particle-in-cell code (ADPIC) with buoyant plume rise capability. Multiple source locations were used to represent the burning oil fields. Improved estimates of the source term and emission factors for the smoke were incorporated into the ADPIC calculations as the field measurement data were made available.

Ellis, J.S.; Foster, C.S.; Foster, K.T.; Sullivan, T.J. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)); Baskett, R.L.; Nasstrom, J.S.; Schalk, W.W. III (EG and G Energy Measurements, Inc., Pleasanton, CA (United States)); Greenly, G.D. (IT Corp., Irvine, CA (United States))

1992-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

116

Saudi Arabian connection: with Western security - and even survival  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Instability in the Persian Gulf, which supplies eight percent of US energy consumed (32 percent to Western Europe and 53 percent to Japan), is seen as the key to US economic, political, and military survival. Saudi Arabia's potential for large-scale and sustained production increases and its willingness to have a moderating voice in oil-price negotiations have made it crucial to US interests and receptive to policies which have injected Saudi Arabia into international finance. The opportunities for oil supply to be disrupted by domestic instabilities within individual Persian Gulf countries, within the Persian Gulf region as a whole, or from external interference from the Soviet Union are examined. The opportunity for an effective US military defense of the area is not encouraging for a number of strategic and diplomatic reasons. (DCK)

Adelman, K.L.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Assessing temporal and spatial variations in atmospheric dust over Saudi Arabia through satellite, radiometric, and station data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Assessing temporal and spatial variations in atmospheric dust over Saudi Arabia through satellite Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia #12;2 Abstract1 Temporal and spatial variations in atmospheric dust over Saudi Arabia are studied for 2000-20102 using satellite and ground-based Aerosol Optical

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

118

Can the Non-pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment (NASG) reduce adverse maternal outcomes from postpartum hemorrhage? Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hemorrhage? Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria. Reproductivehemorrhage? Evidence from Egypt and Nigeria Mohammed Mourad-in Nigeria and two in Egypt between 2004-2008. Entry

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Enclosed and open spaces in the arid region-Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Study of the enclosed (sheltered) and open (unsheltered) spaces in two tradiational and three-contemporary settlements in Saudi Arabia - comparative analysis of micro climatic conditions - solar exposure - analysis of the differences in the design approaches of the old and new ''modern'' developments - recommendations for the appropriate approach to the design of enclosed and open spaces in the arid regions of Saudi Arabia.

Talib, K.; Al-Zamil, A.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Quantitative lithostratigraphic interpretation of seismic data for characterization of the Unayzah Formation in central Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Fournier Pierre-Yves Dequirez Costas G. Macrides Marty Rademakers Institut Francais du Petrole, 1 et 4, ave. de Bois-Preau...p-yves.dequirez@ifp.fr Macrides Costas G. Author Rademakers Marty Author Saudi Aramco Oil Company Saudi Arabia 1372 1381...

Frdrique Fournier; Pierre-Yves Dquirez; Costas G. Macrides; Marty Rademakers

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Assessment of the histopathological lesions and chemical analysis of feral cats to the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Twenty-six adult or subadult feral cats were collected from Kuwait approximately 8 months after the ignition of the Kuwait oil wells. These animals were obtained from two sources: 12 animals from Kuwait City, a relatively smoke-free area, and 14 from the city of Ahmadi, an area with heavy smoke. Animals were euthanized and a complete set of tissues consisting of all major organs was taken for histopathology. Samples of lung, liver, kidney, urine, and blood were also taken for toxicology. Histopathological lesions observed in the lung were mild accumulations of anthracotic pigment in the lungs of 17 cats. Hyperplasia of the bronchial and bronchiolar gland in 8 cats, and smooth muscle hyperplasia of bronchioles in 14 cats. Tracheal gland hyperplasia was observed in 7 cats, and minimal squamous metaplasia of the tracheal mucosa in 17 cats, Laryngeal lesions consisted of submucosal gland hyperplasia in 2 cats and squamous metaplasia of the mucosa in 5 cats. Hyperplasia of the nasal submucosal glands was observed in 6 animals. The pharyngeal mucosa as well as other organs and organ systems were normal in all cats. Atomic absorption analysis for 11 metals was performed; vanadium and nickel levels (two metals that were present in the smoke from the oil fires) are not indicative of substantial exposure to the oil fires. Based on the histopathological findings and toxicological analysis, it is felt that inhalation of air contaminated with smoke from the oil fires had little or no long-term effect on the animals examined. 36 refs., 3 figs., 7 tabs.

Moeller, R.B. Jr.; Dick, E.J.; Pletcher, J.M. [Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC (United States)] [and others

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

122

Assessment of the histopathological lesions and chemical analysis of feral cats to the smoke from Kuwait oil fires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Twenty-six adult or subadult feral cats were collected from Kuwait approximately 8 months after the ignition of the Kuwait oil wells. These animals were obtained from two sources: 12 animals from Kuwait City, a relatively Co smoke-free area, and 14 from the city of Alimadi, an area with heavy smoke. Animals were euthanized and a complete set of tissues consisting of all 0 major organs was taken for histopathology. Samples of lung, liver, kidney, urine, and blood were also taken for toxicology. Histopathological lesions observed in the lung were mild accumulations of anthracotic pigment in the lungs of 17 cats. Hyperplasia of the bronchial and bronchiolar gland in 8 cats, and smooth muscle hyperplasia of bronchioles in 14 cats. Iracheal gland hyperplasia was observed in 7 cats, and minimal squamous metaplasia of the tracheal mucosa in 17 cats, Laryngeal lesions consisted of submucosal gland hyperplasia in 2 cats and squamous metaplasia of the mucosa in 5 cats. Hyperplasia of the nasal submucosal glands was observed in 6 animals. The pharyngeal mucosa as well as other organs and organ systems (a) were normal in all cats. Atomic absorption analysis for 11 metals was performed; vanadium and nickel levels (two metals that were present in the smoke from the oil fires) are not indicative of substantial exposure to the oil fires. Based on the histopathological findings and toxicological analysis, it is felt that inhalation of air contaminated with smoke from the oil fires had little or no long-term effect on the animals examined.

Moeller, R.B.; Kalasinsky, V.F.; Razzaque, M.; Centeno, J.A.; Dick, E.J.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

123

Perception of petroleum profits tax compliance in Nigeria.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The aim of this research is to examine whether the extent of tax compliance by oil producing companies in Nigeria is determined by the knowledge, (more)

Oremade, Babatunde Timothy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

MHK Projects/Akwanga Nigeria SHP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon MHK ProjectsAkwanga Nigeria SHP < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map......

125

Variable-base heating and cooling degree-day data for 24 Saudi Arabian cities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Degree-day data are fundamental for simplified energy calculations. For Saudi Arabia the data necessary for simplified energy analysis are lacking, and the need of designers, engineers, and researchers in the building sector for such data as heating and cooling degree-days is growing. Weather data are available for many Saudi cities but not in a format usable by building designers and engineers. This paper presents variable-base heating and cooling degree-days is growing. Weather data are available for many Saudi cities but not in a format usable by building designers and engineers. This paper presents variable-base heating and cooling degree-day data for 24 Saudi locations based on long-term monthly average temperatures. These data will be of great help in performing simplified energy calculations for Saudi buildings.

Al-Homoud, M.S. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia). Dept. of Architectural Engineering

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

126

An evaluation of acid frac/matrix stimulation of a tight limestone formation in exploratory wells in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the advent of Kuwait's intensive exploratory activities to locate and test deeper geologic structures, tighter and very low porosity limestone formations were progressively encountered. Most of these hydrocarbon bearing formations initially appeared to be very stubborn and hardly indicated any fluid influx into the well-bore. In certain cases the hydrostatic head was nearly completely removed by unloading the well practically down to perforations, thereby creating optimum draw-down but it either resulted in poor inflow or none at all. In the absence of currently available chemicals, equipment, job design engineering and better understanding of tight carbonate formations and their responses to various acid formulations, some of these could have slipped into unattractive categories. With the implementation of specially designed matrix and acid-frac treatments, these formation have, however, been unmasked and turned out to be highly potential finds now. This paper basically outlines the salient features of theoretical and operational aspects of stimulating and testing some of the very low porosity hard limestone formations in Kuwait recently.

Singh, J.R.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Solar energy in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is blessed with abundant solar energy which is renewable, clean and available freely. It is harnessed through known processes and technologies, but progress towards its commercialization is very slow for several reasons, such as higher cost and low efficiency. This paper reviews our R&D efforts, and concludes that future utilization of solar energy in the Kingdom of Saudia Arabia is dependent on current R&D activities in the field, combined with a proper educational campaign for its effective commercialization.

Saleh A. Al-Athel

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

A passive solar test facility for Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A passive solar test facility has been designed for Dammam, Saudi Arabia. It will be located on the campus of King Faisal University, adjacent to the Persian Gulf. This maritime desert climate is terribly sevre, and one for which it is a formidable challenge to design a year around thermally efficient building. This facility incorporates seven different passive strategies: proper orientation, operable shading for windows, flow-through ventilation, externally insulated thermal mass, wind tower with direct evaporative cooling, indirect evaporative cooling through a double shell, and solar water heating. Construction should begin in June of 1983. Upon completion, the building will be monitored for at least two years.

Woods, P.K.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Operational results from the Saudi Solar Village Photovoltaic power system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The world's largest photovoltaic power system was carried into the operation phase a few months ago. This system was developed and fabricated in the United States and it is providing electrical energy to three remote villages in Saudi Arabia. The facility includes a 350 kW photovoltaic array, 1-MW diesel powered generator, 1100 kWH lead acid batteries, a 300 KVA inverter and a solar weather data monitoring station. The photovoltaic power system is capable of completely automatic operation. It is designed to operate in stand-alone and cogeneration modes of operation.

Huraib, F.; Al-Sani, A.; Khoshami, B.H.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Aggregate model and analysis of the energy dynamics in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is facing a crisis in the near future centered on increasing energy consumption. Today, the kingdom consumes approximately 1/3 of its oil production. If no action is taken and the kingdom continues ...

Al-Ahmed, Khalid A. (Khalid Abdulrahim)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

E-Print Network 3.0 - alriyadh region saudi Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oregon, June 19-24, 2011. c 2011 Association for Computational Linguistics Summary: Jordan, Al-Riyadh from Saudi Arabia, and Al-Youm Al-Sabe' from Egypt.4 The common dialects in...

132

Pall opens office in Saudi Arabia and life sciences centre of excellence in the UK  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

US-based Pall Corp recently inaugurated its new office in Saudi Arabia. The filtration, separation and purification company is also opening a life sciences centre of excellence in the UK.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Airborne dust in Saudi Arabia : source areas, entrainment, simulation and composition.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Spatial and temporal characteristics of dust storm activity in Saudi Arabia has been established using coarse-particle (PM10) dust concentrations recorded by the KACST monitoring network (more)

Alharbi, Badr Hadhidh A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

The lifestyle and health of Saudi women with special reference to type 2 diabetes mellitus.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Although the health of Saudi women has been severely compromised by lifestyle-related conditions like Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), this topic has been understudied particularly (more)

Al-Bannay, Hana

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Renewable success : development of good architecture in the case of Arriyadh Development Authority, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ArRiyadh Development Authority (ADA) is an unusual city development authority within the Saudi Arabian government hierarchy. Part of its responsibilities is coordinating and overseeing the design and building of buildings ...

Alkhabbaz, Mohammed H

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

The meeting point : rethinking public space in the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Can urban intervention affect social behaviors within a city? And if so, what happens when that city is partial to cultural restrictions? The target in question here is the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The dilemma is that ...

Abuzeid, Reem

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

MOTIVATION AND ATTITUDE OF SAUDI UNIVERSITY'S LEARNERS OF ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study examined the affective factors that intervene in learning English as a Foreign Language (EFL), either for Specific Purposes (ESP) or General Purposes (EGP), for Saudi university students, and how these affective ...

Makrami, Barakat Humoud

2010-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

138

Bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the province of Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) were studied for two successive years (January 1996-December 1997) at 12 collecting stations representing six sectors of the province of Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia. The predominant species...

Doha, Said Abdallah; Samy, Abdallah Mohammed

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Increased frequencies of sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) in peripheral blood lymphocytes of U.S. troops deployed in Kuwait  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Concern over potential exposure of U.S. troops to genotoxic emissions generated in oil well fires prompted a Biologic Surveillance Initiative to examine levels of genetic damage in a cohort of troops deployed in Kuwait. Blood was drawn from members of the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment on June 6, 1991 while they were stationed in Germany (PRE, n=61), on August 11, 1991 after being deployed in Kuwait (DURING, n=51) and again on October 10, 1991 after returning to Germany (POST, n=36). Cells were cultured for 68-72 hours in RPMI 1640 medium supplemented with 15% fetal bovine serum, 1% phytohemagglutinin and 10 {mu}g/ml 5-bromo-2`-deoxyuridine. Metaphase cells were prepared by standard techniques and stained with Hoechst 33258 plus Giemsa to visualize SCE. Whenever possible, a total of 25 well-spread and well-stained cells were evaluated for each individual. Only 26 soldiers had values available for all three sampling points. Data on 50 soldiers was available for PRE and DURING sampling while data on 35 samples was available for a PRE vs POST comparison. The average frequency of SCE/cell increased from 4.33 {plus_minus} 0.53 in the PRE samples to 5.12 {plus_minus} 0.64 in the DURING samples to 5.28 {plus_minus} 0.72 in the POST samples. The PRE values were significantly different from both the DURING and POST values (p<0.001) using the paired t-test. While these results suggest that this cohort was potentially exposed to genotoxic materials, the source of the exposure(s) is presently not known.

McDiarmid, M.A. Kolodner, K. [John Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States); Scott, B.G. [Army Environmental Hygiene Agency, Aberdeen, MD (United States)] [and others

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

The Social Media Effect on the Families of the Saudi Society from the Perspective of the Youth.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This social media network (SMN) study regarding youth of Saudi Arabia, focused on the effect of the SMN on youth with their families and their (more)

Alsharkh, Yousef Naser

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Model for electric energy consumption in eastern Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrical energy consumption in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia is modeled as a function of weather data, global solar radiation, population, and gross domestic product per capita. Five years of data have been used to develop the energy consumption model. Variable selection in the regression model is carried out by using the general stepping-regression technique. Model adequacy is determined from a residual analysis technique. Model validation aims to determine if the model will function successfully in its intended operating field. In this regard, new energy consumption data for a sixth year are collected, and the results predicted by the regression model are compared with the new data set. Finally, the sensitivity of the model is examined. It is found that the model is strongly influenced by the ambient temperature.

Al-Garni, A.Z.; Al-Nassar, Y.N.; Zubair, S.M.; Al-Shehri, A. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Urban water supply planning and management in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The gap between water need and supply has widened steadily in Nigeria's urban centres despite continuous efforts made to develop the nation's vast surface and groundwater resources. Less than 0.5% of the total...

L. Oyebande Dr.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Nigeria-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nigeria-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network Nigeria-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Nigeria-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Name Nigeria-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Agency/Company /Organization Climate Technology Initiative (CTI), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Partner International Centre for Environmental Technology Transfer Sector Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Biomass, - Biofuels, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -NAMA, -TNA

144

Price of Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

145

Price of Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nigeria (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

146

Price of Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

147

Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Nigeria (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

148

CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Liquid Fuels and Natural Gas in the Americas  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom Middle East Bahrain Iran Iraq Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Palestinian Territories Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab...

150

Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

informationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen...

151

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria libya morocco Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2011 Summary: , Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Egypt, Eritrea, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya... , Morocco, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi...

152

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

informationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen...

153

Volunteer Day Countries Represented  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Haiti Iran Korea Kuwait Russia Saudi Arabia Spain Taiwan Turkey Venezuela Vietnam Manners and Culture Q's warm-weather fashion, and we have a lot of warm w

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

154

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Angola...

155

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Angola...

156

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

No data reported. W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

157

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

158

X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

159

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

160

Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria,...

162

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

163

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria,...

164

X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

165

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria,...

166

X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

167

X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

168

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

169

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of individual company data. (1) Free on Board. See Glossary. (2) Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. (3) Includes Algeria,...

170

The basis for cooperation in the Gulf Region: an assessment of the Gulf Cooperation Council.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), a regional alliance grouping the six oil- and gas-rich Arabian states of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, (more)

Al-Zamat, Khalid Hamed S.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

SOLERAS - Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Project. Final report, Volume 4. Saudi Engineering Solar Energy Applications System Design Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Literature summarizing a study on the Saudi Arabian solar controlled environment agriculture system is presented. Specifications and performance requirements for the system components are revealed. Detailed performance and cost analyses are used to determine the optimum design. A preliminary design of an engineering field test is included. Some weather data are provided for Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Country Saudi Arabia Name Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Address PO Box 757, Airport Road, Riyadh 11189 City Riyadh Website http://www.mopm.gov.sa/mopm/ma Coordinates 24.800234°, 46.71742° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.800234,"lon":46.71742,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

173

Final Report for Annex II--Assessment of Solar Radiation Resources In Saudi Arabia, 1998-2000  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Final Report for Annex II - Assessment of Solar Radiation Resources in Saudi Arabia 1998-2000 summarizes the accomplishment of work performed, results achieved, and products produced under Annex II, a project established under the Agreement for Cooperation in the Field of Renewable Energy Research and Development between the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United States. The report covers work and accomplishments from January 1998 to December 2000. A previous progress report, Progress Report for Annex II - Assessment of Solar Radiation Resources in Saudi Arabia 1993-1997, NREL/TP-560-29374, summarizes earlier work and technical transfer of information under the project. The work was performed in at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado, at the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and at selected weather stations of the Saudi Meteorological and Environmental Protection Administration (MEPA).

Myers, D. R.; Wilcox, S. M.; Marion, W. F.; Al-Abbadi, N. M.; Mahfoodh, M.; Al-Otaibi, Z.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Solving the Energy and Solving the Energy and Climate Challenge Together Secretary Steven Chu International Energy Forum Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 22 February 2010 King Faisal Prize Winners, 1993 The United States of America and Saudi Arabia have a long and deep relationship We are adding a new dimension to our Saudi King Abdul Aziz Al Saud and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt on the USS Quincy 65 years ago dimension to our relationship - as we move to meet shared energy and climate challenges (1) The global economy needs energy resources. (2) Our long-term economic prosperity is tied to the sustainable use of energy. (3) There are risks of adverse climate change for The Energy and Climate Challenge (3) There are risks of adverse climate change for both our countries. (4) We don't have the luxury of focusing only on

175

Design and implementation of wind energy system in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper introduces an accurate procedure to choose the best site from many sites and suitable wind turbines for these sites depending on the minimum price of kWh generated (Energy Cost Figure(ECF)) from wind energy system. In this paper a new proposed computer program has been introduced to perform all the calculations and optimization required to accurately design the wind energy system and matching between sites and wind turbines. Some of cost calculations of energy methods have been introduced and compared to choose the most suitable method. The data for five sites in Saudi Arabia and hundred wind turbines have been used to choose the best site and the optimum wind turbine for each site. These sites are Yanbo, Dhahran, Dhulom, Riyadh, and Qaisumah. One hundred wind turbines have been used to choose the best one for each site. This program is built in a generic form which allows it to be used with unlimited number of sites and wind turbines in all over the world. The program is written by using Visual Fortran and it is verified with simple calculation in Excel. The paper showed that the best site is Dhahran and the suitable wind turbine for this site is KMW-ERNO with 5.85Cents/kWh. The worst site to install wind energy system is Riyadh with minimum price of kWh of 12.81Cents/kWh in case of using GE Energy 2 wind turbine.

Ali M. Eltamaly

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Analysis of critical climate related factors for the application of zero-energy homes in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Saudi construction industry is led by housing sector that imposes enormous energy and environmental challenges for the country. The housing sector is growing rapidly and is responsible for 52% of the total national electricity consumption. In order to promote sustainable development it is vital for Saudi Arabia to adopt sustainable housing practices such as zero-energy homes (ZEHs). The concept is new to Saudi Arabia though a number of \\{ZEHs\\} have already been developed around the world. One of the most significant challenges facing the application of \\{ZEHs\\} in Saudi Arabia is uncertainty about their adaptability in local climate. The present work aims to investigate this uncertainty, mainly focusing on the four climatic factors related to the application of \\{ZEHs\\} including air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and global solar radiation. This is fulfilled by reviewing climatic condition of Saudi Arabia and the concept of \\{ZEHs\\} and examining some of these homes built across the globe in climates similar to the Saudi climatic zones. In this respect, five \\{ZEHs\\} globally developed in climates matching with the five main Saudi climatic zones have been investigated as case studies. A typical-virtual home has been designed on the basis of a questionnaire survey. With the help of the Integrated Environmental Solution ?Virtual Environment? software a modelling exercise has been carried out to compare its energy performance at the five selected international locations with their corresponding Saudi locations. This comparison is based upon the maximum and mean power demand. Furthermore, to cater for the differences in climatic conditions between the Saudi locations and their counterpart global locations, a sensitivity analysis for the studied locations has been undertaken for the four climate factors.

Farajallah Alrashed; Muhammad Asif

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Wind resource assessment of eastern coastal region of Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Depleting oil and gas reserves, combined with growing concerns of global warming, have made it inevitable to seek energy from renewable energy sources such as wind. The utilization of energy from wind is becoming increasingly attractive and is being widely used/disseminated for substitution of oil-produced energy, and eventually to minimize atmospheric degradation. Quantitative assessment of wind resource is an important driving element in successful establishment of a wind farm/park at a given location. More often than not, windenergy resources are relatively better along coastlines. In the present study, hourly mean wind-speed data of the period 19861997 recorded at the solar radiation and meteorological station, Dhahran (2632? N, 5013? E, eastern coastal plain of Saudi Arabia), have been analyzed to present different characteristics of wind speed in considerable depth such as: yearly, monthly, diurnal variations of wind speed, etc. The long-term monthly average wind speeds for Dhahran range from 4.26.4 m/s. More importantly, the study deals with impact of hub height on wind energy generation. Attention has also been focussed on monthly average daily energy generation from different sizes of commercially available wind machines (150, 250, 600 kW) to identify optimum wind machine size from energy production point of view. It has been found that for a given 6 MW wind farm size, at 50 m hub height, cluster of 150 kW wind machines yields about 48% more energy as compared to 600 kW wind machines. Literature shows that commercial/residential buildings in Saudi Arabia consume an estimated 1040% of the total electric energy generated. So, concurrently, as a case study, attempt has been made to investigate/examine the potential of utilizing hybrid (wind+diesel) energy conversion systems to meet the load requirements of hundred typical 2-bedroom residential buildings (with annual electrical energy demand of 3512 MWh). The hybrid systems considered in the present case-study consist of different combinations of wind machines (of various capacities), supplemented with battery storage and diesel back-up. The deficit energy generated from the back-up diesel generator and the number of operational hours of the diesel system to meet a specific annual electrical energy demand of 3512 \\{MWh\\} have also been presented. The diesel back-up system is operated at times when the power generated from wind energy conversion systems (WECS) fails to satisfy the load and when the battery storage is depleted. The evaluation of hybrid system shows that with seven 150 kW WECS and three days of battery storage, the diesel back-up system has to provide 17.5% of the load demand. However, in absence of battery storage, about 37% of the load needs to be provided by the diesel system.

M.A. Elhadidy; S.M. Shaahid

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Short term wind speed estimation in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, three methods are used for the prediction of wind speed, 12h ahead, based on 72h previous wind speed values at three locations viz. Rawdat Bin Habbas (inland north), Juaymah (east coast), and Dhulom (inland western region) in Saudi Arabia. These methods are Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), Abductory Induction Mechanism (AIM), and the Persistence (PER) model. The available data at each site was divided into three consecutive groups. The first 50% was used for training, the second 25% for validation, and the remaining 25% for testing. The validation data set was used to select the network architecture and other user defined parameters. The testing data was used only to assess the performance of the networks on future unseen data that has not been used for training or model selection. For each of the three methods, each of 12 networks was trained to produce the wind speed at one of the next 12h. Relatively, Close agreements were found between the predicted and measured hourly mean wind speed for all three locations with coefficient of correlation R2 values between 81.7% and 98.0% for PSO, between 79.8% and 98.5% for AIM and between 59.5% and 88.4% for persistence model. Both PSO and AIM methods underestimated WS values during most hours with an average value of 0.036m/s and 0.02m/s, respectively. However, persistence model overestimated the WS by an average value of 0.51m/s. It is shown that the two developed models outperformed the persistence model on predicting wind speed 12h ahead of time with slight advantage to the PSO method.

Mohamed Ahmed Mohandes; Shafiqur Rehman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Renewable energy options in Saudi Arabia: the economic viability of solar photovoltaics within the residential sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Renewable energy options, including solar power, are becoming progressively more viable and thus increasingly pose challenges to conventional sources of energy, such as oil, coal and natural gas. Solar Photovoltaic technology is one type of solar energy ... Keywords: Saudi Arabia, feasibility study, renewable energy, residential buildings, solar photovoltaics

Yasser Al-Saleh; Hanan Taleb

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Role of Aramco in Saudi Arabian development: a case study of dependent development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has proceeded along the path toward development while in a dependent relationship with the Arabian American Oil Company, Aramco. Development in a given country is defined as the process by which the living standards of the people who live in that country are raised. That process includes the development of physical and human infrastructure, economic growth, distribution of resources, and the maturation of society (including its ability to weather crisis, whether it be social or economic). Though it is by no means exhaustive on the subject of development in Saudi Arabia, this study focuses on Aramco's involvement in the socio-economic elements of development in Saudi Arabia, as these are the direct impacts of development upon which the Saudi five-year development plans focus. Employing the theoretical framework of dependent development as adapted by Timothy Luke to the OPEC countries' development experience in the international energy regime, this study serves in part as an in-depth case study of Luke's thesis.

Rawls, L.W.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, Market Factors & Conflicts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, Market Factors & Conflicts Dr. Tom O'Donnell Friday, 12:00 ­ 2:48 PM Room 125, Mendenhall Laboratory (Brazil, Russia, India and China) will end U.S. supremacy in the dollar based oil market? Lastly, we

O'Donnell, Tom

182

Introduction Apis mellifera L. is native to Europe, Africa, and Asia (including Saudi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction Apis mellifera L. is native to Europe, Africa, and Asia (including Saudi Arabia, Iran migrations and introductions (Ruttner, 1988). Apis mellifera includes about two dozen subspecies bee (Apis mellifera L.) populations from the USA Allen L Szalanski1* and Roxane M Magnus1 1 Social

Szalanski, Allen L.

183

U.S. LNG Imports from Nigeria  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

184

E-Print Network 3.0 - agroforest sulawesi indonesia Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- Aceh, Papua, Central Sulawesi, Maluku Kenya Kuwait Liberia Myanmar (former Burma) Nepal Nigeria... Former USSR - Azerbaijan Kyrgystan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Guatemala Guyana...

185

Waxy crude oil handling in Nigeria; Practices, problems, and prospects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With case studies, the practices, problems, and prospects of handling waxy crude oils in Nigeria are discussed. Using a rotational viscometer, the temperature dependence of rheological properties and thixotropy of these crudes were determined. Suggestions are given on how to improve handling practices. These suggestions include adequate screening and ranking of wax inhibitors, taking into account pour-point depression, viscosity, and yield value.

Ajienka, J.A.; Ikoku, C.U. (Dept. of Petroleum Engineering, Univ. of Port Harcourt, Choba, Port Harcourt (NG))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Nigeria-Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nigeria-Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector Nigeria-Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Nigeria-Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector Name Nigeria-Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy Topics Low emission development planning Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/nod Country Nigeria UN Region Northern Africa References ESMAP[1] Overview "This new program was initiated in 2010 and aims to provide clients with analytical support to develop capacity for low-carbon development in power sector planning. It employs a learning-by doing approach with pilot activities in two countries in the initial stage (Nigeria and Morocco -

187

E-Print Network 3.0 - anambra state nigeria Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

partners to engage... , with institution building in Nigeria, Benin, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Niger, Cameroon, Burundi, Swaziland... , Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi,...

188

The Impact of International Air Transport Liberalisation: The Case of Nigeria .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The impact of air transport liberalisation suggested by economic theory and globalisation inspired Nigeria to adopt a more liberal policy towards its international Air Service (more)

Ismaila, D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

E-Print Network 3.0 - adamawa state nigeria Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

tional Park (Adamawa State). At this site, most frogs... of Bd in western and central Africa, including Cameroon and neighboring Nigeria. Investigation of five... individuals of...

190

Assessing water and environmental impacts of oil and gas projects in Nigeria.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Oil and gas development projects are major sources of social and environmental problems particularly in oil-rich developing countries like Nigeria. Yet, data paucity hinders our (more)

Anifowose, Babatunde A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

U.S. LNG Imports from Nigeria  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

192

Energy consumption, carbon dioxide emissions and economic growth: The case of Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper investigates the dynamic causal relationships between energy consumption, energy price and economic activity in Saudi Arabia based on a demand side approach. We use a Johansen multivariate cointegration approach and incorporate CO2 emissions as a control variable. The results indicate that there exists at least a long-run relationship between energy consumption, energy price, carbon dioxide emissions, and economic growth. Furthermore, a long-run unidirectional causality stands from energy consumption to economic growth and CO2 emissions, bidirectional causality between carbon dioxide emissions and economic growth, and a long-run unidirectional causality runs from energy price to economic growth and CO2 emissions. In the short-run, there is unidirectional causality running from CO2 emissions to energy consumption and economic output and from energy price to CO2 emissions. Even though, the energy-led growth hypothesis is valid, the share of energy consumption in explaining economic growth is minimal. Energy price is the most important factor in explaining economic growth. Hence, policies aimed at reducing energy consumption and controlling for CO2 emissions may not reduce significantly Saudi?s economic growth. Investing in the use of renewable energy sources like solar and wind power is an urgent necessity to control for fossil fuel consumption and CO2 emissions.

Atef Saad Alshehry; Mounir Belloumi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Adoption of Mobile Technology by Farmers in Southwest-Nigeria: A Cross-Sectional Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study evaluates the behavioral intention of farmers in selected areas of Nigeria to adopt mobile technology for agricultural purposes. A theoretical framework was developed based on the technology acceptance model TAM and innovation diffusion theory ... Keywords: Adoption, Agriculture, Innovation Diffusion Theory IDT, Mobile Technology, Nigeria, Technology Acceptance Model TAM

Senanu R. Okuboyejo; Ann O. Adejo

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Kuwait and Iraq  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A short sector (58 km) of the northern coast of the Persian Gulf lies within Iraq. The area is dominated by the large...

Eric Bird

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Vanadium and nickel content of Nowruz spill tar flakes on the Saudi Arabian coastline and their probable environmental impact  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Arabian Gulf is experiencing the worst oil spill in its history. The spill originates from two war damaged Iranian oil wells in the Nowruz oil field. Much of the oil is entering Saudi Arabian waters and washes ashore in the form of tar like flakes. In late March and early April 1983, fish, snake, turtle, and bird kills of different magnitude were noted along the Saudi Arabian coastline. In the early days of the spill Saudi Arabian authorities suspected sources other than the Nowruz spill to be causing the kills. Research was initiated to identify the origin of tar like flakes, their environmental impact and the cause of fish, snake, turtle and bird kills. This paper discusses some of the results of this research.

Sadiq, M.; Zaidi, T.H.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Reservoir characteristics of the Devonian Jauf Formation in Shedgum area, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Porosity generally increases as mean grain size increases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 26 Correlation of permeability with porosity from core analysis of the Jauf Formation in Shedgum S-ll. 61 27 Plots of log porosity... Dead + LUT o ? I RAG o~ BLOCK '' SINAI JORDAN c n D v Z ct ct I- ID J 0 Q Q $ " ocr:. . ro ++ ct Lrnere ~ a SAUDI ARABIA pipE J tt D BI nknna Mnenrnnrcy mr Arookon Sco Ar/en oak/ a/ 30' 40 50' 60' Figure 2 - Index map showing...

Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

197

Lead and chromium concentrations in the potable water of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The World Health Organization (WHO) and United States Public Health Service (USPHS) standards for drinking water recommend an upper limit concentration of 0.05 mg/L for both lead and chromium. The authors studied the cadmium and zinc concentrations in the potable water of the Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. They report here the results of the study of lead and chromium concentrations in the potable water of the same area to provide a more complete profile of the levels of heavy metals in the potable water of the Eastern Province.

Hassan, H.M.A.; Mustafa, H.T.; Rihan, T.I. (King Faisal Univ., Dammam (Saudi Arabia))

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Techno-economic evaluation of waste lube oil re-refining in Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

About 80 million gallons of automotive lubricating oils are sold in Saudi Arabia. Much of this oil, after use, is actually contributing to the increased pollution of land because of indiscriminate dumping. Any scheme of secondary use of the waste lube oils would be of interest both for conservation of energy resources and for protection of environment. This paper discusses the secondary use for the used automotive lubricating oils. Process technology of Meinken, Mohawk and KTI were selected for the techno-economic feasibility study for refining used oil. Profitability analysis of each process is worked out and the results are compared.

Ali, M.F.; Hamdan, A.J.; Rahman, F. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

199

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab jamahiriya nigeria Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 University of Kansas Nationalities of Students Fall 2011 Summary: Thailand 12 Jordan 11 Colombia 10 Iraq 10 Mexico 10 Nigeria 10 Sri-Lanka 10 Libyan-Arab-Jamahiriya 9......

200

Lithofacies, palynofacies, and sequence stratigraphy of Palaeogene strata in Southeastern Nigeria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prospecting for oil and gas in the basin. Abstracts on Niger Delta studies abound in the literature, but only and Geophysics, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, MO 65409, USA b Department of Geology, University of Nigeria

Bermingham, Eldredge

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Crude oil, conflict and Christian witness in Nigeria: Baptist and Pentecostal perspectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: to investigate, describe and analyse Christian theological and socio-political consciousness within the context of oil and conflict in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria from Baptist and Pentecostal perspectives; and to use the data to test the veracity...

Osuigwe, Nkem Emerald

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

New software for hybrid renewable energy assessment for ten locations in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper introduces a design and optimization methodology for autonomous hybrid photovoltaic (PV)/wind/battery energy system. The main function of the proposed methodology is to determine the optimum size of each component of the energy system for the lowest cost of kWh generated and the best loss of load probability. This methodology uses the hourly wind speed hourly radiation and hourly load power with many different types of wind turbines and PV module types to get the optimum size of each component and the minimum cost of kWh generated at highest reliability. This methodology changes the share ratio of wind/PV with certain increments and calculates the required size of all components and the optimum battery size to get the predefined lowest acceptable probability. This methodology is implemented using a new computer program in flexible fashion which is not available in any market available software such as HOMER or RETSCREEN software. Actual data for ten Saudi sites are used with this computer program. The results obtained from the proposed program are compared with HOMER software. The proposed computer program performed the optimal design steps in very short time and with accurate results. Very valuable results can be extracted from the new computer program that could help researchers and decision makers. The results obtained from the proposed computer program have established the economic feasibility of installing hybrid energy systems in many sites of Saudi Arabia.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Use of the Non-Pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment (NASG) for Life-Threatening Obstetric Hemorrhage: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in Egypt and Nigeria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

anti-shock garment (NASG). Egypt 1. Number of women in studysite, 2010 (Int $ )[1]. Costs Egypt El Galaa Nigeria Assiutparity (PPP) factors of 2 for Egypt and 78 for Nigeria. 21

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

A key review on present status and future directions of solar energy studies and applications in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Renewable energy is accepted as a key source for the future, not only for Saudi Arabia, but also for the world. Saudi Arabia has abundant potential for exploiting solar energy, which is renewable, clean, and freely available. The average annual solar radiation falling on the Arabian Peninsula is about 2200kWh/m2. Applications of solar energy in Saudi Arabia have been growing since 1960. Solar hydrogen production plant situated at the Solar Village, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, could have been considered as the world's first 350kW solar-powered hydrogen-generation plant at the time of its inception. The development of solar energy, however, has been relatively low due to several obstacles although utilization of solar energy in its various aspects is very attractive for the country. The main objectives of this study are to address current applications and future aspects of solar energy along with studies conducted in this field and to assess them in the light of available sustainable energy technologies towards establishing energy policies. The solar energy-related topics reviewed include various types of solar radiation correlations, exergetic solar radiation, solar collectors, solar photovoltaic (PV) systems, solar stills, solar-powered irrigation, solar energy-related greenhouses, solar hydrogen, solar water desalination and solar energy education. Some barriers, scenarios and constraints are also covered. The utilization of solar energy could cover a significant part of the energy demand in the country. If a major breakthrough is achieved in the field of solar-energy conversion, Saudi Arabia can be a leading producer and exporter of solar energy in the form of electricity. The geographical location of the country, its widespread unused desert land, and year-round clear skies, all make it an excellent candidate for this.

Arif Hepbasli; Zeyad Alsuhaibani

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Exposure to particle-bound polyaromatic hydrocarbons in the Al-Mansoria residential area during the Kuwait oil fires. A qualitative appraisal of the adsorption role  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High ambient levels of inhalable particulate matter (PM[sub 10]) were detected in residential areas during the oil well burning in Kuwait (February-November 1991). Because inhalation exposures to PM[sub 10] were significant (data on PAH quantification are scarce), it became possible to describe the exposure to PM[sub 10]-associated PAHs of alternative courses of events, such as PAH-particle interaction mechanisms. Depending on particle adsorption characteristics (affinity and site availability), it is concluded that, contrary to what is currently believed, low levels of ambient PM[sub 10] levels did not indicate low PAH exposures in Al-Mansoria residential area during May 10-31, 1991. Due to the frequent presence of dust particles in the ambient air caused by the heavy dust fallout in Al-Mansoria (average > 65 tons/km[sup 2]) during May, 1991, the predicted patterns can be explained by two hypothesized mechanisms. The first is a two-step process: loss of PAHs from low affinity sites and reabsorption onto stronger affinity ones leading to low surface coverage at high PM[sub 10] concentrations. The second involves dilution of PAH-containing soot with aeolian particles. Both events can lead to low ambient PAHs at high PM[sub 10] levels or high ambient PAHs at low PM[sub 10] levels. 27 refs., 12 refs., 2 tabs.

Al-Yakoob, S.N.; Abdal, Y. (Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research (Kuwait)); Nasrallah, H. (College of Health Sciences, Kuwait (Kuwait)); Al-Majed, N. (Ministry of Public Health, Kuwait (Kuwait))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

NIOSH testimony on Kuwait before the subcommittee on hospitals and health care, committee on veterans' affairs by J. S. Andrews, September 16, 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The testimony summarizes potential adverse health effects related to service in the Persian Gulf as presented by the Department of Health and Human Services. An estimated 9,000 workers from 43 different countries battled the burning oil wells in Kuwait from February 1991 through early November 1991 when the last was capped. Exposures and health effects in US military personnel, Kuwaiti citizens, and fire fighters were described. The hazards to the soldiers were largely dependent on the concentration of the pollutants in the air near the camps. Fortunately, the plume from the fires rose up to 10,000 and 12,000 feet, mixed with the air and then dispersed for several thousand miles downwind over a period of several weeks. The particles and gases contained in the plume were diluted as the plume travelled. Even so, some minor respiratory problems were present among the soldiers. Some of the hydrocarbons measured at low concentrations have been shown to produce cancer in laboratory animals only when present at higher levels of exposure. Based on the exposure information gathered, the author concludes that there will not likely be a detectable increase in lung cancer in Gulf War Veterans as a result of the oil well fires.

Not Available

1992-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

207

Labor, nationalism, and imperialism in eastern Arabia: Britain, the Shaikhs, and the Gulf oil workers in Bahrain, Kuwait and Qatar, 1932-1956  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study examines the lack of a noticeable indigenous labor movement in the contemporary Gulf Arab countries of Bahrain, Kuwait and Qatar; it focuses on the emergence, after the discovery of oil, of an industrial Gulf labor force, and on the evolution of the British policy towards oil and Gulf oil workers. The period examined begins with the discovery of oil in Bahrain in 1932 (the first such discovery on the Arab side of the Gulf), and ends with the Suez Crisis of 1956. The latter is a watershed event in Gulf history. It is argued that the Suez Crisis was in large part responsible for the long-term defeat of the indigenous labor movement in the Gulf. Attention is given to the parts played by the British Government of India, the Foreign Office, the local Shaikhs, the Gulf nationalists, and by the workers themselves. Policies towards workers passed through two different periods. In the first, 1932-1945, the Government of India had no direct interest in the Gulf labor situation; in the second, 1946-1956, the Foreign Office took increased interest in the welfare of local oil workers, primarily because of the importance of oil to reconstruction of the British economy after the war. However, the Suez Crisis in 1956 convinced the British to withdraw their support for the workers.

Saleh, H.M.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

209

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints ERROR: Invalid Country Code The link you followed is incorrect. The administrator of this site has been notified via email. Thank you for your patience. Choose your country from the menu below; or, return to Country Profiles

210

TABLE29.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9. 9. Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country, (Thousand Barrels per Day) January 1998 Arab OPEC .................................. 1,726 37 20 0 (s) 41 -3 (s) 296 391 2,116 Algeria ...................................... 0 37 0 0 0 27 0 0 252 316 316 Iraq ........................................... 36 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 36 Kuwait ....................................... 252 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) (s) (s) 252 Qatar ........................................ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) (s) (s) Saudi Arabia ............................. 1,438 0 20 0 (s) 14 0 (s) 43 78 1,515 United Arab Emirates ............... 0 0 0 0 (s) 0 -3 (s) (s) -3 -3 Other OPEC ................................. 1,977 (s) 52 25 14 68 -4 (s) 86 241 2,218 Indonesia .................................. 33 0 0 0 0 3 0 (s) (s) 3 36 Nigeria ...................................... 625 (s) 0 0 0 5 0 (s) 0 5 630 Venezuela

211

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

212

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

213

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

‹ Countries ‹ Countries United States Glossary › FAQS › Overview / Data Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints Overview data for United States + EXPAND ALL Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day) Previous Year Latest Year History United States North America

214

Shock event, an impact phenomenon observed in water wells around the Arabian Gulf coastal city Dammam, Saudi Arabia: possible relationship with Sumatra tsunami event of December 26, 2004  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A sudden disturbance in water level was recorded by hydrographs monitoring wells in the coastal city Dammam, Saudi Arabia on December 26, 2004. The water level was being ... h after the Sumatra earthquake/tsunami...

Arun Kumar; Syed A. Alam

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

A survey of intention to leave, job stress, burnout and job satisfaction among nurses employed in the Ha'il region's hospitals in Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Nurses in Saudi Arabia, as in other Arabian Gulf countries, may be nationals or non-nationals. Frequently, non-national nurses predominate in a workplace, and as they (more)

Alsaqri, S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

The development of contemporary housing in Saudi Arabia (1950-1983) : a study in cross-cultural influence under conditions of rapid change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study provides a framework for understanding the circumstances associated with the introduction of modern housing concepts and techniques to Saudi Arabia. The analysis and discussion of the relevant cultural influences ...

Fadan, Yousef M. (Yousef Mohammed)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Implications of a Circulating Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since 1988, when the World Health Assembly resolved to eradicate poliovirus, the annual incidence of paralytic poliomyelitis has fallen by more than 99%. However, the annual number of cases reported for the years 2003 through mid-2009 has remained relatively constant, and continued transmission in endemic... Reversion of live attenuated oral poliovirus vaccine strains to a virulent phenotype is a rare but significant occurrence. In Nigeria, at least one vaccine-derived clone of type 2 poliovirus developed virulence, leading to ongoing transmission networks and many cases of paralysis. In this report, the characteristics of polio-associated disease and attack rates for this vaccine-derived clone are compared with circulating wild-type polioviruses 1 and 3. Increased vaccination efforts have significantly contributed to the control of all three serotypes. Implications for the global effort to eradicate polio are considered.

Jenkins H.E.; Aylward R.B.; Gasasira A.

2010-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

218

Incineration of hazardous wastes from the petroleum industry in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Persistent hazardous wastes are produced in the recovery, processing and upgrading of crude petroleum in Nigeria. However, recent developments in environmental pollution control are drawing increasing attention to the problems of hazardous wastes. The ever-increasing need to control these wastes from the petroleum industry often compels the chemical engineer to specify methods of treatment and disposal. Present methods for disposal are becoming increasingly undesirable for a number of reasons, and incineration is being considered as an alternative. This paper reviews the extent of hazardous waste generation from the Nigerian petroleum industry and its environmental implications. It also examines the current disposal methods and the incineration technology option. The major chemical engineering concepts of the incineration process and the principles guiding their operations are discussed. The potential for the use of incineration is examined, as well as information that would aid the choice of incineration system for new applications.

O.O. Bello; J.A. Sonibare; S.R.A. Macaulay; A.O. Okelana; A.O. Durojaiye

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Nigeria's energy policy: Inferences, analysis and legal ethics toward RE development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The study critically assessed the various policy issues of sustainable energy development in Nigeria. The basic focus was to discuss and analyze some of the laws of the federation as it relates to the development of Renewable Energy in Nigeria. It surveyed the nation's energy policy statement and the vision 20:2020 of the federal government. The Renewable Energy Master Plan developed by the joint efforts of the Energy Commission of Nigeria and United Nations Development Programs were also appraised. The level of development and the index of renewable energy production as stated by the policy statement, the vision 20:2020 and the Renewable Energy Master Plan were highlighted. The study found some policy challenges which include weak government motivation, lack of economic incentives, multiple taxations, non-existent favorable customs and excise duty act to promote renewable energy technologies. Further to this, some legal reforms which may aid the promotion of renewable energy development in Nigeria and also make robust the nation's energy policy were proposed. Some of the laws that require amendment to promote renewable energy include the land use act, environmental impact assessment decree and the investment laws of the federation of Nigeria.

Oluseyi O. Ajayi; Oluwatoyin O. Ajayi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

A13B-0215: Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations of unusually high cloud droplet concentrations in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene, University of North Dakota (delene@aero.und.edu; http://aerosol.atmos.und.edu)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' cloud: Observations of unusually high cloud droplet concentrations in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene accumulation on the unprotected leading edge of the aircraft's wing during the 9 April 2009 research in Saudi diameters compared to a normal cell. Cloud base CCN measurements in Saudi Arabia are variable with some

Delene, David J.

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221

NONLINEARITY AND MARKET EFFICIENCY IN GCC STOCK MARKETS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

): Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), using three robust and highly regarded nonlinearity tests. In addition, the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) was tested in this dissertation for the GCC stock markets using...

Alharbi, Abdullah M. H.

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

222

Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations and modeling of convective clouds in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene and Jeffrey S Tilley, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was funded by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through a contract with Weather Modification Inc (WMI). We also in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene and Jeffrey S Tilley, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND Terry Krauss, Weather Modification, Inc., Fargo, ND ` Introduction Photographs of ice accumulation

Delene, David J.

223

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Crude Oil by Selected Country (Dollars per Barrel) Year Month Selected Countries Persian Gulf b Total OPEC c Non OPEC Angola Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom...

224

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1983  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1983 totaled 4,275,054,000 bbl (an average rate of 11,712,476 BOPD), down 3.7% from the revised total of 4,440,841,000 bbl produced in 1982. Iran, Kuwait, the Kuwait-Saudi Arabia Divided Neutral Zone, and Oman had significant increases. Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi had significant decreases. 8 figures, 9 tables.

Hemer, D.O.; Pickford, P.J.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9103ng3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9103ng3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

226

Record Alewife Harvest Hikes U.S. Great Lakes Commercial Fish Catch 16 Percent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School Set for Persian Gulf Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Iran signed a draft agreement on 17 June 1975 in Kuwait to establish a Persian Gulf Regional Center to train captains, and mechanics. Training courses will be in English and Arabic. The Persian Gulf Regional

227

Cadmium and zinc concentrations in the potable water of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of acute cadmium poisoning on humans are very serious. Among them are hypertension, cardiovascular disorders, kidney damage and destruction of red blood cells and testicular tissues. It is believed that much of the physiological action of cadmium is due to its replacement of zinc in some enzymes thereby impairing its catalytic activity. Previous studies on rats indicated that the dietary level of zinc can influence susceptibility to cadmium. The Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is undergoing extensive industrialization, crude oil exploration, production, processing and exportation. All of these are sources of trace heavy metal pollution. It is inhabited by a population where private and public water wells, particularly in the rural areas, are in most cases the major source of potable water. This paper deals with the determination of cadmium and zinc concentration in the potable water of the Eastern Province in order to generate baseline data to enable the medically qualified members of the research team to study the possible relationship between these two ions and cardiovascular morbidity in the population consuming this water.

Mustafa, H.T.; Hassan, H.M.A.; Abo-Melha, A.; Rihan, T.I.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Electromagnetic interference from transmission lines located in central region of Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by transmission lines operating in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. These lines have operating voltages of 132, 230 and 380 kV and are located in a hot, dry arid desert land where precipitaton is very low. Measurements of typical EMI characteristics such as frequency spectrum, lateral profile and statistical variation are performed for each type of line and results are analyzed. It is found that general noise characteristic of these lines are similar to those reported in the literature for other lines which are located in relatively wet environment. The results further show that if operating gradients are low, the increase of EMI due to rain is lower than 20 dB value usually observed. The presence of sand and dust storms does not increase EMI level in any appreciable manner. The fair weather EMI level of these lines can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using the CIGRE formula. Results are also presented for power line carrier related EMI.

Al-Arainy, A.A.; Malik, N.H.; Abdul-Aal, L.N.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Electromagnetic interference from transmission lines located in central region of Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by transmission lines operating in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. These lines have operating voltages of 132, 230 and 380 kV and are located in a hot, dry arid desert land where precipitation is very low. Measurements of typical EMI characteristics such as frequency spectrum, lateral profile and statistical variation are performed for each type of line and results are analyzed. It is found that general noise characteristic of these lines are similar to those reported in the literature for other lines which are located in relatively wet environment. The results further show that if operating gradients are low, the increase of EMI due to rain is lower than 20 dB value usually observed. The presence of sand and dust storms does not increase EMI level in any appreciable manner. The fair weather EMI level of these lines can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using the CIGRE formula. Results are also presented for power line carrier related EMI.

Al-Arainy, A.A.; Malik, N.H.; Abdul-Aal, L.N.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Regression analysis of residential air-conditioning energy consumption at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energy consumption of a house air conditioner located at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, is modeled as a function of weather parameters and total (global) solar radiation on a horizontal surface. The selection of effective parameters that significantly influence energy consumption is carried out using general stepping regression methods. The problem of collinearity between the regressors is also investigated. The final model involves parameters of total solar radiation on a horizontal surface, wind speed, and temperature difference between the indoor and outdoor condition. However, the model coefficients are functions of relative humidity and/or temperature difference between the indoor and outdoor condition. Model adequacy is examined by the residual analysis technique. Model validation is carried out by the data-splitting technique. The sensitivity of the model indicates that relative humidity and temperature difference strongly influence the cooling energy consumption. It was found that an increase in relative humidity from 20% to 100% can cause a 100% increase in cooling energy consumption during the high cooling season.

Abdel-Nabi, D.Y.; Zubair, S.M.; Abdelrahman, M.A.; Bahel, V. (Energy Systems Group, Div. of Energy Resources, Research Inst., King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (SA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Virtual Ergonomic Assessment of First Saudi Arabian Designed Car in a Semi-Immersive Environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract During the last decade human factors is drawing more attention in the design, engineering, production, and maintenance of new industrial products especially in automotive industry. Ergonomic quality is becoming a critical criterion for the success of many products. Recently, virtual reality (VR) technique is widely applied during different phases of product development. The use of VR allows designer reducing the production of physical prototypes that are very expensive and requires long production time. Virtual humans are used in the automotive industry especially for ergonomic analysis of a virtual prototype of a car. In this research work, an ergonomic assessment for first Saudi Arabian Car known has been performed. CATIA V5 human builder module was used to develop the virtual humans of American male 50 and 95 percentile, which were utilized to carry out the ergonomic analysis of driver's seat. The main goal of the research is to develop a virtual environment (VE) that allow designers and engineer to evaluate the car interiors and driver's seat position using the digital mock-up instead of building the physical prototype, having a virtual validation of the project, in its early development phases. A successful ergonomics assessment has been performed on the digital model of the car in a semi-immersive virtual environment and recommendations were made for the driver's seat position based on the assessment.

Mustufa H. Abidi; A.M. El-Tamimi; A.M. Al-Ahmari; S.M. Darwish; M.S. Rasheed

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Econometric estimation of the petroleum products consumption in Nigeria: Assessing the premise for biofuels adoption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The promotion and adoption of biofuels in Nigeria must be predicated on sufficient capacity for absorbing biofuels produced from the increasing investments in biofuels plantations, plants and processing facilities. This paper assesses the socioeconomic and related premises for biofuels development in Nigeria by conducting an econometric estimation of the petroleum products consumption. The paper first estimates aggregated petroleum product consumption, and then assess the response to specific petroleum products in terms of consumption, market (population), electricity generation, installed electricity generation capacity, and GDP. The result shows that all the petroleum products contribute significantly and about equally to aggregate petroleum consumption. The high proportion of petrol (about 44 percent) as a percentage of the aggregate petroleum product consumption validates the push for implementing the E10 petrol-ethanol blending for Nigeria. The consumption of diesel is also significant. Diesel is another petroleum product for which D20 biofuel blending policy has been proposed. The increase in population and GDP, coupled with the poor electricity situation, will keep driving the consumption of petroleum products. As the population increases, and the country continues to struggle to match electricity generation with population growth, the petrol-ethanol and diesel-biodiesel blending policy must be pursued tenaciously to ensure a reduction in carbon emission in Nigeria.

Nelson Abila

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Certain Physical Characters of the Negroes of the Congo Free State and Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... founded on data collected by (1) Mr. E. Torday amongst tribes in the Congo Free State, including the Bushonga, Basoka, Sango, and several others; (2) ... , an extensive one of the Batatela (a tribe towards the eastern part of the Congo Free State), which was brought home by Mr. Torday; another from southern Nigeria ...

1910-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

Techno-economic evaluation of waste lube oil re-refining in Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

About 80 million gallons of automotive lubricating oils are sold in Saudi Arabia. Much of this oil, after use, is actually contributing to the increased pollution of land because of indiscriminate dumping. Any scheme of secondary use of the waste lube oils would be of interest both for conservation of energy resources and for protection of environment. This paper discusses the secondary use for the used automotive lubricating oils. Process technology of Meinken, Mohawk and KTI were selected for the techno-economic feasibility study for re-refining used oil. Profitability analysis for each process is worked out and the results are compared. In many countries, the re-refining of used oils has become an important industry. The objective of recovering high quality raffinates is attained through the use of widely differing techniques. The processes concerned can be classified according to the chemical or physical method of used-oil pretreatment selected. Meinken process is based on chemical pretreatment, whereas both Mohawk and KTI processes employ physical methods involving distillation and eliminate the use of sulfuric acid, thus providing a facility for safer operation than Meinken. The plant capacity of two existing units in Jeddah are 10,000 TPA and 80,000 TPA re-refining of waste oil. We selected a plant of 50,000 TPA waste oil re-refining for economic study of these three processes. The authors wish to acknowledge the support from King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals and King Abdulaziz City for Science & Technology for this work.

Ali, F.M.; Hamdan, A.J.; Rahman, F. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum & Minerals, Dharan (Saudi Arabia)] [and others

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

235

Potential of Establishment of Wind Farms in Western Province of Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the present study, the economic feasibility of development of 15 MW wind power plant (wind farm) at Taif, Western Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (K.S.A) has been investigated by analyzing long-term wind speed data. Western province has relatively better wind energy resources. Data analysis indicates that monthly average wind speeds of Taif (21 29 N, 40 32 E) range from 3.1 to 4.8 m/s at 10 m height. The wind farms simulated consist of different combinations of 600kW commercial wind machines (50 m hub-height). NREL's (HOMER Energy's) HOMER software has been employed to perform the techno-economic assessment. The study presents monthly variations of wind speed, cumulative frequency distribution (CFD) profiles of wind speed, monthly and yearly amount of energy generated from the 15 MW wind farm (50 m hub-height), cost of generating energy (COE, $/kWh), capacity factor (%), etc. The CFD indicates that the wind speeds are less than 3 m/s for 46% of the time during the year. This implies that wind electric conversion systems (WECS) will not produce energy for about 46% of the time during the year. The annual energy produced by 15 MW wind farm (50 m hub-height) has been found to be 19939 MWh. The cost of wind-based electricity by using 600kW (50m hub-height) commercial WECS has been found to be 0.0576 US$/kWh. With the development of 15 MW wind farm, about 453 tons/year of carbon emissions can be avoided entering into the local atmospheric. The paper also attempts to address various aspects (such as: effect of hub-height, etc.) of wind farm establishment

S.M. Shaahid; Luai M. Al-Hadhrami; M.K. Rahman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 361 Oct: Department of Mathematics, Hafr Al-Batin Community College, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P of Mathematical Sciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email

Mustafa, M. Tahir

237

DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 360 Oct: Department of Mathematics, Hafr Al-Batin Community College, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P of Mathematical Sciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email

Mustafa, M. Tahir

238

Monetization of Nigeria coal by conversion to hydrocarbon fuels through Fischer-Tropsch process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Given the instability of crude oil prices and the disruptions in crude oil supply chains, this article offers a complementing investment proposal through diversification of Nigeria's energy source and dependence. Therefore, the following issues were examined and reported: A comparative survey of coal and hydrocarbon reserve bases in Nigeria was undertaken and presented. An excursion into the economic, environmental, and technological justifications for the proposed diversification and roll-back to coal-based resource was also undertaken and presented. The technology available for coal beneficiation for environmental pollution control was reviewed and reported. The Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and its advances into Sasol's slurry phase distillate process were reviewed. Specifically, the adoption of Sasol's advanced synthol process and the slurry phase distillate process were recommended as ways of processing the products of coal gasification. The article concludes by discussing all the above-mentioned issues with regard to value addition as a means of wealth creation and investment.

Oguejiofor, G.C. [Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka (Nigeria). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

First nuclear power in Nigeria: an attempt to address the energy crisis?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper attempts to explore to what extent a first Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) will improve the energy situation in Nigeria and investigates the socio-economic impacts of the NPP on the communities where the facilities are to be sited. Other issues that are addressed in this paper include the policy issues, lack of investments in power infrastructure and the security threat owing to incessant domestic militancy or terrorism. The paper then outlines the ways to tackle these problems and concludes that despite the facts that the addition of nuclear power into Nigeria's energy mix will help in curtailing the country's energy crisis, it also poses some challenges to the country that the policy and decision-makers must take into consideration right from the preliminary stages of the programme.

Abubakar Sadiq Aliyu; Ahmad Termizi Ramli; Muneer Aziz Saleh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Economic feasibility of development of wind power plants in coastal locations of Saudi Arabia A review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Climate change and depletion of natural resources are serious issues that have potential impact on the economic and social development of countries. In this perspective, the governments world-wide are mobilizing initiatives to exploit renewable energy sources to mitigate increasing demand of energy, volatile fuel prices, and environmental concerns. Renewable energy (wind/solar) based power system is a nature-friendly option for power production to foster sustainable development challenges. In the present study, the economic feasibility of development of 75MW wind power plants (wind farms) in the coastal locations of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (K.S.A.) has been studied/reviewed by analyzing long-term wind speed data. Attention has been focused on four coastal locations (Al-Wajh, Jeddah, Yanbu and Jizan) covering the west coast. In general, long-term data indicates that the yearly average wind speed of K.S.A. varies from 3.0 to 4.5m/s at 10m height. The wind farms simulated consist of different combinations of 600kW commercial wind machines (50m hub-height). NREL's (HOMER Energy's) HOMER software has been employed to perform the techno-economic assessment. The study presents monthly variations of wind speed, cumulative frequency distribution (CFD) profiles of wind speed, monthly and yearly amount of energy generated from the 75MW wind farms (50m hub-height) at different coastal locations of K.S.A., cost of generating energy (COE, $/kWh), capacity factor (%), etc. The CFD indicates that the wind speeds are less than 3m/s for 45%, 53%, 41%, and 52% of the time during the year at Al-Wajh, Jeddah, Yanbu and Jizan respectively. This implies that wind electric conversion systems (WECS) will not produce energy for about 4153% of the time during the year. The annual energy produced by 75MW wind farms (50m hub-height) has been found to be 107,196, 81,648, 135,822, and 80,896MWh at Al-Wajh, Jeddah, Yanbu and Jizan respectively. The cost of wind-based electricity by using 600kW (50m hub-height) commercial WECS has been found to be 0.0536, 0.0704, 0.0423, and 0.0711 US$/kWh for Al-Wajh, Jeddah, Yanbu and Jizan respectively. Also, attempt has been made to determine the capacity factor (CF) of wind-based power plants, the CF has been found to vary from 12% to 21% for different locations of the Kingdom.

S.M. Shaahid; L.M. Al-Hadhrami; M.K. Rahman

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Sensitivity Studies of the Common Bean (Vigna unguiculata) and Maize (Zea mays) to Different Soil Types from the Crude Oil Drilling Site at Kutchalli, Nigeria (7 pp)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...The economic growth that Nigeria has enjoyed as a result of oil revenue has its drawback through exposure of people in the oil producing areas to environmental contamination, due largely to the increase in the...

Geoffrey Anoliefo; Omoanghe Isikhuemhen; Elijah Ohimain

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Empirical analysis of energy consumption behaviour An input to an effective energy plan in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Shortages in commercial energy (gas, fuel oil, electricity and kerosene) supplies have become increasingly marked in Nigeria, and this has been graphically illustrated by incessant power failures. Primarily such shortages have been created by unprecedented increases in energy use derived from the growth in demand for consumer goods such as electrical equipment and motor vehicles, in addition to a huge expansion of the services sector and light manufacturing following the oil boom of the 1970s. The long-run implications of such demand increases were not fully appreciated or adequately forecast because of the general feeling that Nigeria had the privileged position of being a net oil exporter and producer of gas. However, the reality of energy shortages has led to the consequences of lost output and restrictions placed upon the further expansion of the service sector. With little hope of a short-run solution to the problem, a long-term view needs to begin by acquiring a comprehensive knowledge of the energy consumption behaviour of the household sector as an input into a more wide ranging energy plan for the country. This article focuses on how such knowledge can help achieve this objective.

Obas John Ebohon

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

The cost of carbon-dioxide abatement in Nigeria's energy sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The cost of carbon dioxide abatement in Nigeria's energy sector has been estimated using MARKAL, a large-scale linear optimisation model, for the period between 1990 and the year 2030. The baseline scenario is based on the concept of the most-likely development-path in the energy system. An integrated abatement scenario is then developed by augmenting the baseline scenario with a set of abatement options: demand-side options, supply-side options, options for increased use of renewable resources, and options for increased use of the associated natural gas that is currently being flared in Nigerian oil fields. The options are assessed and ranked on the basis of their incremental costs per ton of carbon dioxide reduced. Finally, results of a sensitivity study of the model based on perturbations in energy demand growth assumptions are discussed.

F.I. Ibitoye; A.O. Adegbulugbe; J-F.K. Akinbami

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Future projections for domestic consumption of dual purpose kerosene in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper looks at three socio-economic variables in energy consumption framework for energy planning in Nigeria. The consumption of dual purpose kerosene (DPK) was regressed against the real gross domestic product (GDP), commodity's price, and the lagged variable considering a period of 32 years (1970-2001). A statistical model was developed for the local consumption using partial adjustment model with three independent variables. Some statistical tests were carried out which revealed that consumption was significantly related to the three components. Local consumption of DPK was forecast for the period 2001 to 2025 using three different scenarios of the growth rates (the low, the base and the high growth rates) of the independent variables. Expectedly, result shows that consumption is greatest for high GDP/low price and minimum for low GDP/high price scenario.

Adekunle Omolade Adelaja; Sunday Joshua Ojolo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Optimal structure of Nigeria's energy sector under carbon-dioxide reduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy requirements in Nigeria will continue to increase as a result of an expanding economy and a rapidly growing population. Although the country has abundant natural energy resources, substantial financial commitments will be required to put the necessary supply infrastructure in place in order to meet the growing requirements. Furthermore, there is the need for a carefully planned consumption pattern in view of the growing awareness of the environmental problems posed by continued consumption of these resources. This paper discusses a study of the optimal structure of the Nigerian energy sector over a period of 40 years, based on the least-cost path and carbon-dioxide emission reduction. The emission reduction strategies take the form of linear annual reductions, reaching 20% and 40% respectively below the year 2030 baseline emissions. The effects of these constraints on fuel mix in the supply and demand structure of the energy system are presented.

F.I. Ibitoye; J-F.K. Akinbami; A.O. Adegbulugbe

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Modeling and optimization of hybrid windsolar-powered reverse osmosis water desalination system in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A hybrid wind/solar powered reverse osmosis desalination system has been modeled and simulated. The results of the simulation have been used to optimize the system for the minimum cost per cubic meter of the desalinated water. The performance of the hybrid wind/solar powered RO system has been analyzed under Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, weather data for a typical year. The performance has been evaluated under a constant RO load of 1kW for 12h/day and 24h/day. The simulation results revealed that the optimum system that powers a 1-kW RO system for 12h/day that yields a minimum levelized cost of energy comprises 2 wind turbines, 40 \\{PVs\\} modules and 6 batteries and the levelized cost of energy of such system is found to be 0.624$/kWh. On the other hand, for a load of 1-kW for 24h/day, the optimum system consists of 6 wind turbines, 66 \\{PVs\\} modules and 16 batteries with a minimum levelized cost of energy 0.672$/kWh. Depending on the salinity of the raw water, the energy consumption for desalination ranges between 8 and 20kWh/m3. This means that the cost of using the proposed optimum hybrid wind/solar system for water desalination will range between $3.693/m3 and $3. 812/m3 which is less than the range reported in the literature.

Esmail M.A. Mokheimer; Ahmet Z. Sahin; Abdullah Al-Sharafi; Ahmad I. Ali

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Towards understanding the benefits and challenges of Smart/Micro-Grid for electricity supply system in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The poor state of electricity supply system in Nigeria is threatening the welfare and security of life and properties of millions of individuals with adverse economic consequences for the country. The inadequacy of the national grid, especially the inability of the electricity generation capacity to match increasing demand in the country has led to increasing agitation for increased penetration of renewable energy sources (RESs) into the electricity supply mix. While great attention has been focused on the potential of \\{RESs\\} for electricity generation in the country, little or no attention has been given to the application of Smart/Micro-Grid (SM-G) technologies to the ageing Nigeria grid infrastructures and electrification of the rural areas. The aim of this paper is to bring into focus the benefits and challenges of enabling SM-G in the electricity supply system in Nigeria. SM-G will bring benefits to the electricity stakeholders in form of improvements in reliability, efficiency, economics, environment, security and safety. The paper gives an overview and reviews the current state of the electricity supply system in the country. It discusses the SM-G concepts and associated technologies, and highlights how they can help address the electricity problems in the country. The challenges of applying these concepts in Nigeria context are also discussed. Enabling SM-G in the country will not only lead to improvement in the quality, efficiency and reliability of the electricity grid, but also promote the provision of electricity supply to the remote rural areas using RESs.

Joseph O. Dada

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Techno-economic analysis of hybrid photovoltaic/diesel/battery off-grid system in northern Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rate of dependence on stand-alone diesel generator for individual electricity generation among households in Nigeria is geometrically increasing and has thus led to significant increase of the environment pollution. This is due to the inability of the utility company to meet the energy demand of its yearning consumers due to ageing and limitations in power infrastructures. This has led to about 40% of the country's population been cut off from the national grid. In view of these hazardous effects posed from the usage of these individual diesel-powered generations this paper reports on the assessment of techno-economic viability of a hybrid photovoltaic diesel/battery off-grid system as an alternative solution to these threats. For that purpose a remote area located far in the northern part of Nigeria was taken as the case study in which an international institution with peak demand of 90?kW was considered. The HOMER optimization software is used to evaluate both the technical and economic viability of the proposed energy system by taking into account the variations of both the solar radiation and diesel prices as experienced in most part of Nigeria. The study reveals the potential capability of the hybrid photovoltaic/diesel energy system with battery backup as a good alternative energy source for individual household replacement for diesel-powered generator. In addition the proposed system is of high energy potential as well as low carbon emission at affordable cost of electricity.

Hafeez Olasunkanmi Tijani; Chee Wei Tan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1985  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1985 totaled 3,837,580,000 bbl (an average rate of 10,513,917 BOPD), down 2.2% from the revised 1984 total of 3,924,034,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Dubai, Oman, and Syria had significant increases; Kuwait, Kuwait-Saudi Arabia Divided Neutral Zone, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar had significant decreases. New fields went on production in Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Oman, and Syria. In North Yemen, the first ever oil production in that country was nearing the start-up stage at year end. 9 figures, 9 tables.

Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Word Pro - S11.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 Table 11.1a World Crude Oil Production: OPEC Members (Thousand Barrels per Day) Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait a Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia a United Arab Emirates Vene- zuela Total OPEC b 1973 Average .................... 1,097 162 209 5,861 2,018 3,020 2,175 2,054 570 7,596 1,533 3,366 29,661 1975 Average .................... 983 165 161 5,350 2,262 2,084 1,480 1,783 438 7,075 1,664 2,346 25,790 1980 Average .................... 1,106 150 204 1,662 2,514 1,656 1,787 2,055 472 9,900 1,709 2,168 25,383 1985 Average .................... 1,036 231 281 2,250 1,433 1,023 1,059 1,495 301 3,388 1,193 1,677 15,367 1990 Average .................... 1,180 475 285 3,088 2,040 1,175 1,375 1,810 406 6,410 2,117 2,137 22,498 1995 Average

251

TABLE21.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imports Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC .................................. 53,500 1,139 2,258 115 625 0 0 1,267 0 0 Algeria ...................................... 0 1,139 1,174 115 0 0 0 824 0 0 Iraq ........................................... 1,110 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 7,822 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia ............................. 44,568 0 1,084 0 625 0 0 443 0 0 Other OPEC ................................. 61,280 0 2,295 588 1,644 776 715 2,121 3 0 Indonesia .................................. 1,020 0 0 0 0 0 0 97 0 0 Nigeria ...................................... 19,360 0 0 0 0 0 0 166 0 0 Venezuela ................................. 40,900 0 2,295 588 1,644 776 715 1,858 3 0 Non OPEC ................................... 143,726 5,054 4,682 3,253 5,745 1,867

252

Word Pro - S3  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review December 2013 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review December 2013 Table 3.3c Petroleum Trade: Imports From OPEC Countries (Thousand Barrels per Day) Algeria a Angola b Ecuador c Iraq Kuwait d Libya e Nigeria f Saudi Arabia d Vene- zuela Other g Total OPEC 1960 Average ...................... a ( ) b ( ) c ( ) 22 182 e ( ) f ( ) 84 911 34 1,233 1965 Average ...................... a ( ) b ( ) c ( ) 16 74 42 f ( ) 158 994 155 1,439 1970 Average ...................... 8 b ( ) c ( ) 0 48 47 f ( ) 30 989 172 1,294 1975 Average ...................... 282 b ( ) 57 2 16 232 762 715 702 832 3,601 1980 Average ...................... 488 b ( ) 27 28 27 554 857 1,261 481 577 4,300 1985 Average ...................... 187 b ( ) 67 46 21 4 293 168 605 439 1,830 1990 Average ...................... 280 b ( ) 49 518 86 0 800 1,339 1,025 199 4,296 1995 Average ......................

253

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9. World proved natural gas reserves by country as of January 1, 2013 9. World proved natural gas reserves by country as of January 1, 2013 trillion cubic feet Project Reserves (trillion cubic feet) Percent of world total World 6,793 100.0 Top 20 countries 6,200 91.3 Russia 1,688 24.9 Iran 1,187 17.5 Qatar 890 13.1 Saudi Arabia 288 4.2 United States 273 4.0 Turkmenistan 265 3.9 United Arab Emirates 215 3.2 Venezuela 195 2.9 Nigeria 182 2.7 Algeria 159 2.3 China 124 1.8 Iraq 112 1.6 Indonesia 108 1.6 Kazakhstan 85 1.3 Malaysia 83 1.2 Egypt 77 1.1 Norway 73 1.1 Canada 68 1.0 Uzbekistan 65 1.0 Kuwait 63 0.9 Rest of world 593 8.7 Source: "Worldwide look at reserves and production," Oil & Gas Journal, Vol. 110.12 (December 3, 2012), pp. 28-31, http://www.ogj.com (subscription site)

254

TABLE23.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3. 3. PAD District II-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC ................................... 6,219 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 1,253 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia ............................. 4,966 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Other OPEC .................................. 4,136 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria ...................................... 540 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Venezuela ................................. 3,596 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Non OPEC .................................... 38,160 3,557 0 0 76 0 107 19 0 18 Angola ....................................... 1,853 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Canada ..................................... 30,038 3,557 0 0 76 0 107 19 0 18 Colombia ................................... 1,777 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Ecuador .................................... 376 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Mexico .......................................

255

Weekly Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (based on  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (based on 2012 Petroleum Supply Monthly data) Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (based on 2012 Petroleum Supply Monthly data) (Thousand Barrels per Day) Period: Weekly 4-Week Average Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Country 12/06/13 12/13/13 12/20/13 12/27/13 01/03/14 01/10/14 View History 1- Canada 2,316 2,786 2,594 2,515 2,838 2,460 2010-2014 2- Saudi Arabia 1,295 1,905 1,614 1,328 1,242 1,521 2010-2014 3- Mexico 1,161 947 1,019 1,082 867 555 2010-2014 4- Venezuela 783 779 518 1,008 709 730 2010-2014 5- Iraq 120 143 332 370 626 202 2010-2014 6- Nigeria 136 0 0 36 98 146 2010-2014 7- Colombia 114 127 288 320 257 360 2010-2014 8- Kuwait 127 237 85 438 584 263 2010-2014

256

West Coast (PADD 5) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History All Countries 40,216 40,703 46,595 47,285 42,741 43,793 1981-2013 Persian Gulf 14,230 13,361 14,442 14,250 16,435 14,465 1993-2013 OPEC* 22,029 19,569 22,946 25,238 25,775 23,528 1993-2013 Algeria 344 744 1,559 1995-2013 Angola 1,885 1,648 3,742 2,790 2,098 2,497 1995-2013 Ecuador 4,439 4,264 3,739 8,092 5,312 6,177 1993-2013 Iraq 2,870 2,210 5,918 5,585 4,514 4,960 1995-2013 Kuwait 1,297 686 314 1,034 295 1995-2013 Libya 149 106 12 382 2005-2013 Nigeria 296 293 7 1995-2013 Qatar 1995-2004 Saudi Arabia 10,063 10,465 8,210 8,665 10,887 9,210 1993-2013 United Arab Emirates 1995-2011 Venezuela 982 279 66 1993-2013 Non OPEC*

257

Changing structure of the world refining industry: implications for the United States and other major consuming regions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are five chapters in this publication. Chapter I on refining industry in transition covers refining history highlights, and OPEC's downstream operations. Chapter II on demand for oil and oil products discusses supply and demand for OPEC oil, demand for oil products, historical growth trends, future growth trends and the case of East Asia - emergence of a fuel oil glut. Chapter III on the US and other traditional refining centers begins with an introduction on the structure of refining and continues on to cover the refining industry in OECD countries, USA, Western Europe, Japan, Singapore and Caribbean and closes with some conclusions. Chapter IV is on refining expansions in OPEC and the third World Nations. The following are covered: (1) nations of the Gulf (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates); (2) OPEC members beyond the Gulf (Indonesia, Africa, Libya, Algeria, Nigeria and Gabon, South America, Venezuela); (3) other major exporters (China, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico); (4) non-OPEC developing countries - trends in the refining sector. The chapter ends with a short summary on capacity prospects and comparative economics. The final chapter has conclusions and recommendations on: price interactions between crude and products; product exports - impact on OPEC's internal; prices and market influence; importers and exporters - decisions; and course of action of the United States. 18 figures, 40 tables.

Not Available

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore South Africa Spain Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

259

Net Imports of Total Crude Oil and Products into the U.S. by Country  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Total All Countries 12,036 11,114 9,667 9,441 8,450 7,393 1973-2012 Persian Gulf 2,159 2,368 1,678 1,705 1,842 2,149 1993-2012 OPEC* 5,946 5,899 4,675 4,787 4,429 4,093 1993-2012 Algeria 663 548 490 510 355 241 1993-2012 Angola 508 513 458 393 346 233 1993-2012 Ecuador 182 202 138 135 147 117 1993-2012 Iran 1993-1995 Iraq 484 627 450 415 459 476 1996-2012 Kuwait 181 210 182 197 191 305 1993-2012 Libya 117 103 79 70 15 60 2004-2012 Nigeria 1,133 982 798 1,006 803 419 1995-2012 Qatar 2 0 10 0 4 4 1993-2012 Saudi Arabia 1,483 1,529 1,003 1,096 1,193 1,364 1993-2012 United Arab Emirates 9 3 31 -2 -4 -1 1993-2012 Venezuela 1,339 1,162 1,037 968 919 875 1993-2012

260

Performance evaluation and economic analysis of a gas turbine power plant in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this study, performance evaluation and economic analysis (in terms of power outage cost due to system downtime) of a gas turbine power plant in Nigeria have been carried out for the period 20012010. The thermal power station consists of nine gas turbine units with total capacity of 301MW (9נ31.5MW). The study reveals that 64.3% of the installed capacity was available in the period. The percentage of shortfall of energy generated in the period ranged from 4.18% to 14.53% as against the acceptable value of 510%. The load factor of the plant is between 20.8% and 78.2% as against international best practice of 80%. The average availability of the plant for the period was about 64% as against industry best practice of 95%, while the average use factor was about 92%. The capacity factor of the plant ranged from 20.8% to 78.23% while the utilization factor ranged from 85.47% to 95.82%. For the ten years under review, there was energy generation loss of about 35.7% of expected energy generation of 26.411TWh with consequent plant performance of 64.3%. The study further reveals that the 35.7% of generation loss resulted in revenue loss of about M$251 (approximately b40). The simple performance indicator developed to evaluate the performance indices and outage cost for the station can also be applicable to other power stations in Nigeria and elsewhere. Measures to improve the performance indices of the plant have been suggested such as training of operation and maintenance (O & M) personnel regularly, improvement in O & M practices, proper spare parts inventory and improvement in general housekeeping of the plant. From technical point of view, performance of the plant can be improved by retrofitting with a gas turbine air inlet cooling system, heat recovery system or adding modifications (inter-cooling or regeneration) to the simple gas turbine units.

S.O. Oyedepo; R.O. Fagbenle; S.S. Adefila; S.A. Adavbiele

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Middle East  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1980 totaled 6,747,719,000 bbl or an average rate of 18,436,390,000 bbl/d, down 13.9% from 1979. Increases were in Saudi Arabia and Syria. Significant decreases occurred in Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, and Turkey. New discoveries were made in Abu Dhabi, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Sharjah, and Oman. New areas were explored in Bahrain, Oman, Syria, and Yemen. 9 figures, 16 tables.

Hemer, D.O. (Mobil Oil Corp., New York, NY); Mason, J.F.; Hatch, G.C.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

OPEC Algeria Canada Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC a Total OPEC b 1978 ... 14.93 14.41 14.65...

263

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

264

Fact #780: May 20, 2013 Crude Oil Reserve to Production Ratio...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

100 Iran 93 Saudi Arabia 76 Qatar 54 Kazakhstan 53 Nigeria 40 Algeria 22 Azerbaijan 20 Brazil 17 Russia 17 Angola 15 China 14 Mexico 11 United States 11 Norway 9 United Kingdom 8...

265

Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

per day) Year Non-OPEC Countries OPEC Countries Total Percent OPEC Canada Mexico Russia Other Non-OPEC Nigeria Saudi Arabia Venezuela Other OPEC Countries 1960 0.12 0.02 0.00...

266

EIA's U.S. Crude Import Tracking Tool: Selected Sample Applications  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

to only 652,000 bbld. Source of U.S. crude oil imports: Imports of light crude from Africa have declined by 92.7%, particularly from Nigeria and Algeria. Imports from Saudi...

267

Daylighting systems for the Kuwait National Museum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: _______________________________ _____________________________ Liliana O. Beltran Paul K.... Woods (Chair of Committee) (Member) _______________________________ _____________________________ Rodney C. Hill...

Ahn, Byoungsoo

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

268

Public budgeting, public policy, and the politics of resource allocation in Nigeria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The problem of determining who gets what in terms of allocating the nation's resources has plagued Nigerian leaders since independence. It is in this context that this dissertation is focused on the politics of the federal governments's use of the budget as an effective mechanism for mobilizing and constructively utilizing the nation's human and material resources to improve the general well-being of all segments of the Nigerian society. This study was conducted through direct interviews and discussions with some federal government officials and some Nigerian scholars concerned about the problems of development in Nigeria. From the findings, it is concluded that the federal budget process has not functioned efficiently and effectively as a vehicle for moving the nation forward in the direction of sustained and balanced economic progress. Whereas the above situation can be attributed to some structural deficiencies in the budgetary process, it can also be argued that bribery and corruption, fraud and misuse of public funds by politicians and top government officials, be they civilians or military, have undermined all efforts at using the budget as an instrument for accomplishing development objectives.

Ugorji, E.C.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Potential of low pressure agricultural waste briquettes: An alternative energy source for cooking in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study the variation of steady-state combustion rate (otherwise called normalized burn rate NBR) with the density moisture content and geometry of sawdust palm fibre and rice husk briquettes burned in free air was investigated. The quest for alternative fuel for heating and cooking as a result of depletion of fossil fuel and environmental pollution associated with its burning has necessitated the need to improve on the use of loose agro-waste as alternative in Nigeria. Cylindrical briquettes were used through out the experiment except for the effect of geometry where cylindrical briquettes with central hole and cylindrical solid briquettes were used. The briquettes were formed by compression of the pulp in the mould with an Instron compression test machine at a pressure range between 1.5 and 7.5?N mm?2 which formed briquettes with densities between 200 and 500?kg m?3. The results show that the NBR for the three selected briquette samples: wood sawdust palm fibre and rice husk respectively was found to decrease as the density and moisture content increases. It was observed that hollow briquette had a higher NBR than that of solid briquette of the same pressure and relaxed diameter with sawdust having the highest variation and rice husk the least. The results show that briquettes could be a viable alternative to fuel wood.

A. Kuhe; F. A. Ibiang; D. I. Igbong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Coal petrography, mineralogy and geochemistry of lignite samples from the OgwashiAsaba Formation, Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Organic sediments picked up randomly from seven small outcrops within the OgwashiAsaba Formation, southern Nigeria, are examined and evaluated by means of coal petrology and chemical and mineralogical analyses in order to determine the palaeoenvironmental conditions and the factors controlling their formation. Six samples proved to be low-rank coals C to B (lignite), one carbonaceous shale. The lignite samples display low ash yield, low telohuminite and high detrohuminite and liptinite contents; they contain small amounts of clastic minerals, mainly quartz and clays, which point to the topogenous character of the depositional palaeoenvironment. The palaeomires formed in a continental basin crossed by the mid-Tertiary palaeo-Niger River; the latter, as well as the tropical rainfall supplied the mires with water. The dense vegetation cover on the mire surface and the surroundings and/or the low relief energy of the broad area restricted the inorganic influx resulting in high-grade coal formation. As the outcrops are distributed over a distance of 60km, the expected reserves of good quality lignite constitute a very promising exploration target.

Jude Ogala; George Siavalas; Kimon Christanis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Universal coverage with insecticide-treated nets applying the revised indicators for ownership and use to the Nigeria 2010 malaria indicator survey data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Analysis of population-based survey data in Nigeria addressing updated recommendations for standard reporting of insecticide-treated mosquito nets ownership and use that allows much more programme-useful information and permits comparability across sites and countries to assess progress and challenges in malaria control scale-up.

Albert Kilian; Hannah Koenker; Ebenezer Baba; Emmanuel O Onyefunafoa; Richmond A Selby; Kojo Lokko; Matthew Lynch

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

272

Slump dominated upper slope reservoir facies, Intra Qua Iboe (Pliocene), Edop Field, offshore Nigeria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An integration of sedimentologic and 3D seismic data provides a basis for unraveling complex depositional processes and sand distribution of the Intra Qua Iboe (IQI) reservoir (Pliocene), Edop Field, offshore Nigeria. Nearly 3,000 feet of conventional core was examined in interpreting slump/slide/debris flow, bottom current, turbidity current, pelagic/hemipelagic, wave and tide dominated facies. The IQI was deposited on an upper slope in close proximity to the shelf edge. Through time, as the shelf edge migrated seaward, deposition began with a turbidite channel dominated slope system (IQI 1 and 2) and progressed through a slump/debris flow dominated slope system (IQI 3, the principal reservoir) to a tide and wave dominated, collapsed shelf-edge deltaic system (IQI 4). Using seismic time slices and corresponding depositional facies in the core, a sandy {open_quotes}fairway{open_quotes} has been delineated in the IQI 3. Because of differences in stacking patterns of sandy and muddy slump intervals, seismic facies show: (1) both sheet-like and mounded external forms (geometries), and (2) parallel/continuous as well as chaotic/hummocky internal reflections. In wireline logs, slump facies exhibits blocky, coarsening-up, fining-up, and serrated motifs. In the absence of conventional core, slump facies may be misinterpreted and even miscorrelated because seismic facies and log motifs of slumps and debris flows tend to mimic properties of turbidite fan deposits. The slump dominated reservoir facies is composed of unconsolidated fine-grained sand. Thickness of individual units varies from 1 to 34 feet, but amalgamated intervals reach a thickness of up to 70 feet and apparently form connected sand bodies. Porosity commonly ranges from 20 to 35%. Horizontal permeability commonly ranges from 1,000 to 3,000 md.

Shanmugam, G. [Mobil Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (United States); Hermance, W.E.; Olaifa, J.O. [Mobil Producing Nigeria, Lagos (Nigeria)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Reservoir compartmentalization of deep-water Intra Qua Iboe sand (Pliocene), Edop field, offshore Nigeria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An integration of 3-D seismic and sedimentological information provides a basis for recognizing and mapping individual flow units within the Intra Qua Iboe (IQI) reservoir (Pliocene), Edop Field, offshore Nigeria. Core examination show the following depositional facies: A-Sandy slump/mass flow, B-Muddy slump/mass flow, C. Bottom current reworking. D-Non-channelized turbidity currents, E. Channelized (coalesced) turbidity currents. F-Channelized (isolated) turbidity currents, G-Pelagic/hemipelagic, H-Levee, I-Reworked slope, J-Wave dominated, and K-Tide dominated facies. With the exception of facies J and K, all these facies are of deep-water affinity. The IQI was deposited on an upper slope environment in close proximity to the shelf edge. Through time, as the shelf edge migrated scaward, deposition began with a channel dominated deep-water system (IQI 1 and 2) and progressed through a slump/debris flow dominated deep-water system (IQI 3, the principle reservoir) to a tide and wave dominated shallow-water system (IQI 4). Compositional and textural similarities between the deep-water facies result in similar log motifs. Furthermore, these depositional facies are not readily apparent as distinct seismic facies. Deep-water facies A, D, E, and F are reservoir facies, whereas facies B, C, G, H, and I are non-reservoir facies. However, Facies G is useful as a seismically mappable event throughout the study area. Mapping of these non-reservoir events provides the framework for understanding gross reservoir architecture. This study has resulted in seven defined reservoir units within the IQI, which serves as the architectural framework for ongoing reservoir characterization.

Hermance, W.E.; Olaifa, J.O. [Mobile Producing Nigeria, Lagos (Nigeria); Shanmugam, G. [Mobile Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (United States)] [and others

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Technical matters The practice and politics of geo-referencing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Energy & Resources Group 2010 Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting #12;Laos? China Google, China, South Korea, Japan, Saudi Arabia Kuwait and other nations have been buying and leasing huge version of the 19th-century scramble for Africa."1 "A new geopolitics of hunger" 2 1. The Guardian UK, 22

Wright, Dawn Jeannine

275

INAMO #47 GolfStaaten-Gulf countries (Artikel * 2006) Beaugrand, Claire Nationalitt und Migration in den Golfstaaten  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

started to flock first to Bahrain where oil export began as early as in 1934, then Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, published in "INAMO 47 (2006) 10-14" #12;2 issue of oil revenues' distribution, affected the forms of movement control that were opted for, as well as the types of nationality issues that derived from it

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

276

Paintball Summer Weather  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Highlights · Paintball · Summer Weather · Birthdays · Manners TheELIWeekly Paintball! Come out France Iraq Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Netherlands Niger Peru Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Taiwan Thailand Turkey United States Venezuela Summer Weather Safety We've come to realize in the past that not all

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

277

Dar al-Handasah Article for the in progress Dictionnary of Transnational History, A. Iriye& P.Y  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in oil price led to weakening in the oil states' economy. The recent trend towards liberalizationDar al-Handasah Article for the in progress Dictionnary of Transnational History, A. Iriye& P familial businesses. It grew on commissions in Kuwait and later, Saudi Arabia. There, oil was providing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

278

The Genetic Structure of the Kuwaiti Population: Mitochondrial DNA Markers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Families Migration: .......................................................................................... 20 Oil Discovery & its Impact:....................................................................................... 22 Genetic Structure... populations of the Arabian Peninsula (Abu-Amero et al. 2008; Alshamali et al. 2009; Beyin 2006; Carter 2006; Rose 2007). The Arabian Peninsula consists of seven countries: Yemen, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, and Jordan (Rose...

Theyab, Jasem

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

279

Orthodontic treatment complexity and need at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria, according to the Index of Complexity, Outcome and Need (ICON): A pilot study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although occlusal indices have been useful in research, audit, practice management, and quality assurance in clinical orthodontics, complexity of orthodontic cases had not been easy to assess for a long time in clinical practice. This pilot study aimed at assessing the orthodontic treatment need and complexity in a referral orthodontic centre in Nigeria. A retrospective analysis of 56 pre-treatment study models randomly selected from the orthodontic model collection of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria was carried out without any bias for age or gender. The index of Complexity, Outcome and Need (ICON) was used as the outcome measure. Descriptive statistics were employed in the data analysis. Forty-seven (83.9%) of the sample needed treatment. Thirty-four (60.7%) cases were classified as difficult or very difficult. Only 1 (1.8%) and 13(23.2%) belonged to the easy and mild categories, respectively. The overall mean ICON score was 67.419.6SD (range 25104). Considerable proportions of these referred orthodontic cases in Nigeria needed treatment and had treatment complexity comparable to the Caucasians.

Chukwudi Ochi Onyeaso; Gozie Idaboh

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Word Pro - S11  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

2.825 2.650 0.360 2.420 1.553 10.140 2.820 2.300 Canada China Egypt Mexico Norway Russia United Kingdom United States Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria...

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281

Evaluation of a photo-poster on nurses' perceptions of teething problems in South-western Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Background: Health problems commonly associated with the eruption of teeth in babies continue to pose problems in Nigeria. Even nurses who should be well informed have misconceived views. In order to enlighten mothers and healthcare workers on this issue, a photo-poster was developed as a health-education tool. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of the poster, displayed in the workplace for 18 months, on the knowledge, attitude and reported practice of nurses. The study also aimed to assess the outcome of the inclusion of the photo-poster in training materials in a workshop setting. Methods: The study was conducted in two parts. In the first part, 542 nurses working in children's units within the city of Ibadan, South-western Nigeria were selected using a stratified sampling technique. A questionnaire was used to gather information on their perceptions of teething problems at baseline. Photo-posters were displayed in the nurses' workplaces for 18 months, and a follow-up survey was conducted using the same questionnaire. In the second part of the study, two groups of nurses (n=21 and n=18 nurses) working in similar healthcare facilities in Ibadan participated in two separate workshops. One workshop used the photo-poster in addition to the standard educational materials, and the other workshop did not. Percentage differences between pre- and postintervention responses to perceived health problems were calculated. Intervention effects were the differences between the percentage changes in the intervention (with poster) and comparison (without poster) groups. Statistical differences were determined by Chi-squared test or one-tailed t-test, as appropriate. Results: Five hundred and forty-two nurses (519 female and 23 male) completed the questionnaire survey at baseline and 403 (371 female and 32 male) at follow-up. Their ages ranged between 23 and 56 years, with the greatest percentage aged 2540 years. At baseline, many respondents indicated that several of the listed health problems were a consequence of tooth eruption. After exposure to the posters at their workplace for 18 months, there were slight changes in their opinions but most were not statistically significant (P>0.05). The use of posters in a workshop setting revealed percentage changes ranging from ?11 to 61% for the different associated health problems. Many of these changes were statistically significant (Pposters in the workplace did little to change nurses' perceptions of teething problems; the posters had more influence when they were used in an instructional, interactive atmosphere. It is recommended that the use of photo-posters in health education for such culturally entrenched health issues should be accompanied by discussion of the same subject wherever possible.

O.O. Bankole; G.A. Aderinokun; O.O. Denloye

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Oil flow resumes in war torn onshore Neutral Zone  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oil production has resumed in the war ravaged onshore fields of the Neutral Zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait 1 year after the end of Persian Gulf War. Initial production of about 40,000 b/d is expected to rise to 60,000 b/d by year end. This paper reports that prior to the January-February 1991 war to oust occupying Iraqi military forces from Kuwait, the Neutral Zone's Wafra, South Umm Gudair, and South Fuwaris onshore fields produced about 135,000 b/d.

Not Available

1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

283

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

284

International Energy Outlook 1998  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0. World Oil Production Capacity by Region and Country, Reference 0. World Oil Production Capacity by Region and Country, Reference Case, 1990-2020 (Million Barrels per Day) Region/Country History (Estimates) Projections 1990 1996 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 OPEC Persian Gulf Iran 3.2 3.9 4.0 4.3 4.5 5.7 6.8 Iraq 2.2 0.6 0.6 2.1 3.2 5.9 7.8 Kuwait 1.7 2.6 2.8 3.1 3.3 4.3 5.2 Qatar 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 Saudi Arabia 8.6 10.6 10.9 11.2 13.5 17.2 23.8 United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.6 2.8 3.1 3.5 4.7 5.5 Total Persian Gulf 18.7 20.9 21.6 24.4 28.6 38.4 49.8 Other OPEC Algeria 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.0 Indonesia 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 Libya 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.5 Nigeria 1.8 2.2 2.4 2.7 3.1 3.0 2.8 Venezuela 2.4 3.2 3.7 4.2 5.2 5.7 5.9

285

U.S. Crude Oil Imports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

239,848 231,900 250,207 251,054 237,344 231,718 1920-2013 239,848 231,900 250,207 251,054 237,344 231,718 1920-2013 Persian Gulf 65,745 56,296 59,730 66,000 63,759 59,553 1993-2013 OPEC* 117,313 108,592 110,593 112,292 110,695 100,239 1993-2013 Algeria 1,890 611 620 800 1993-2013 Angola 9,784 7,706 7,097 10,734 6,792 6,227 1993-2013 Ecuador 5,533 6,071 5,947 10,661 7,502 7,617 1993-2013 Iraq 9,937 6,850 9,275 12,308 8,618 7,000 1996-2013 Kuwait 11,181 6,518 9,585 12,402 8,980 10,382 1993-2013 Libya 2,769 3,269 4,035 1,428 1,058 2004-2013 Nigeria 10,706 10,115 6,170 4,142 7,461 4,502 1993-2013 Qatar 1998-2011 Saudi Arabia 44,627 42,928 40,870 41,290 46,161 42,171 1993-2013 United Arab Emirates 1993-2011 Venezuela 20,886 25,135 27,003 18,707 23,323 22,340 1993-2013

286

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

287

Neutral zone: World Oil Report 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on the Neutral Zone between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, much in the news during the Gulf war, that returned to production in June when offshore output resumed at a rate of 100,000 bpd. By this month, offshore production should have attained near its pre-war level of 250,000 bpd. Because of war damage onshore, production will not be restarted onshore for some time. Neutral Zone oil is jointly owned by Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. Texaco's Getty unit operates some 900 mostly pumping wells in South Umm Gudair, Wafra and South Fawaris onshore fields. However, only about 50 were producing 130,000 bpd last August when Iraqis invaded. Japan's Arabian Oil Co. operates 165 wells-all flowing-in offshore Khafji, Hout and Lulu fields that have a maximum productive capacity of about 300,000 bpd.

Not Available

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Saudis warm to solar energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... and industrial applications of solar energy at the King Faisal University, Dammam; and water desalination research at the King Abdulaziz University, in Jeddah."I hope it's just ... King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah. The project is designed to familiarise students with unconventional seawater desalination method b^ed on solar energy. A solar collector farm will be linked to ...

Ziauddin Sardar

1978-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

289

Essays in Empirical Macroeconomics: Applications to the GCC Monetary Union  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.............................................................................................................50 Figure 3.1: Impulse Response Functions to an Oil Price Shock........................................84 Figure 3.2: Impulse Response Functions to an Oil Production Shock..............................85 Figure 3.3: Impulse Response Functions to a... of the GCC area. I then outline the essential motivations and research objectives of this dissertation. 1 Characteristics of the GCC Area 1.1 Historical Background In May 1981, the six Head of States of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia...

Al-Hassan, Abdullah Mohammed

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Improving fish farmers' climate change adaptation strategies through information utilisation in Akinyele local government area of Oyo State, Nigeria: implication for sustainable fish production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper assesses the information utilisation by fish farmers on climate change adaptation strategies with the view of improving their adaptation to climate change and as well increasing fish production in Nigeria. A survey was carried out to obtain data from the farmers. The data collected were analysed by using frequency count, mean and percentage. Information that could have improved adaptive capacity of farmers on devastating effects of climate change on fish production was not frequently disseminated to the farmers in the study area. Extension education should make evident the variables that hinder fish farmers' information utilisation because inadequate information prevents potential users from using appropriate information on their farms. Effort should therefore be made to promote the dissemination of information on how farmers can adapt to climate change through investment in information technology such as remote sensing. The effort should also include adequate and consistent sponsorship of extension information broadcast on radio and television stations.

Kayode Arimi; Adetola Jenyo-Oni

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Conceptual Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminal design for Kuwait  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

containment systems (Pepper and Shah 2004) ..............................................5 6. Single containment tanks (UH IELE 2003b).........................................................................5 7. Double containment tanks (UH IELE 2003b...)........................................................................7 8. Full containment tanks (UH IELE 2003b).............................................................................7 9. Underground LNG storage tank (UH IELE 2003b)...............................................................7 10. Three...

Aljeeran, Fares

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

292

Improving Operational Strategies of an Institutional Building in Kuwait  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

operation strategies. The study focused on the major end user systems of the building main source of energy that is electricity, namely the air-conditioning, and lighting systems. It was estimated that for the base year, which was selected to be year 1999...

Al-Ragom, F.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Energy Conservation Program in Kuwait: A Local Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(petrol, natural gas, and coal), hydropower, and nuclear energy. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA) 1997 annual report, the industrialized countries including North America and Western Europe consumed more than 50% of the energy used... emissions come from developing countries (9,118 million metric tons) and the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe (3,148 million metric tons) [2]. 1.2 Environmental Energy Impact There are environmental and health impacts associated...

Hajiah, A. E.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

The life cycle assessment of concrete manufacturing in Kuwait  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Concrete is the second most widely used material in the world after water. Annually 9,120 million tons of concrete are produced, which is an equivalent of 1.3 tons of concrete per individual. As the world's primary ...

El Mostafa, Mayce (Mayce A.)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 2 September 2013 Table 42. PAD District 2 - Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1,2 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils 1 Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 1,083 - - - - - - - - - Algeria ................................ - - - - - - - - - - Angola ................................ - - - - - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. - - - - - - - - - - Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Kuwait ................................. - - - - - - - - - - Libya ................................... - - - - - - - - - - Nigeria ................................

296

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PAD District 2 - Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1,2 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils 1 Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 15,713 - - - - - - - - - Algeria ................................ 4,074 - - - - - - - - - Angola ................................ - - - - - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. - - - - - - - - - - Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Kuwait ................................. - - - - - - - - - - Libya ................................... - - - - - - - - - - Nigeria ................................

297

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.PDF 8.PDF Table 28. PAD District 2 - Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1,2 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils 1 Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 1,764 - - - - - - - - - Algeria ................................ 1,043 - - - - - - - - - Angola ................................ - - - - - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. - - - - - - - - - - Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Kuwait ................................. - - - - - - - - - - Libya ................................... - - - - - - - - - - Nigeria ................................

298

Persian Gulf: their oil, our need  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The degree of reliance of the US on Persian Gulf petroleum as well as problems facing Persian Gulf nations are addressed in this report. While US dependency on oil imports from Saudi Arabia is down, Japan and other western allies are very dependent on Saudi oil. The consequences of being deprived of Persian Gulf oil are described. The status and implications of the Iran-Iraq war are discussed in detail. The Arab countries in the region fear attacks on their oil fields by enemies and have developed a regional point defense strategy involving Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. OPEC's role in the area is described. The possibility of US intervention if needed to keep the Strait of Hormuz open and to protect the Gulf states from violence is also addressed. (DMC)

Brossard, E.B.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

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Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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300

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 5 Table 5.20 Value of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries, 1973-2011 (Billion Dollars 1 ) Year Persian Gulf 3 Selected OPEC 2 Countries Selected Non-OPEC 2 Countries Total 5 Kuwait Nigeria Saudi Arabia Venezuela Total OPEC 4 Canada Colombia Mexico Norway United Kingdom Total Non-OPEC 4 1973 1.7 W 1.5 0.9 0.8 5.2 1.9 W - 0.0 0.0 2.4 7.6 1974 4.4 W 3.3 1.9 1.3 11.6 3.3 .0 W - .0 4.1 15.6 1975 5.2 W 3.5 3.2 1.8 14.9 2.8 .0 .3 .1 - 4.1 19.0 1976 8.7 W 5.1 5.8 1.0 22.2 1.8 - .4 .2 W 3.6 25.8 1977 12.2 W 6.3 6.9 1.2 29.6 1.4 .0 .9 .3 .5 5.1 34.7 1978 11.3 W 4.9 5.8 .8 27.1 1.3 .0 1.6 .6 .9 6.2 33.3 1979 15.3 W 9.0 9.3 1.9 39.7 2.0 .0 3.3 .6 1.7 11.3 51.0 1980 16.9 W 11.4 13.6 1.5 47.5 2.2 .0 5.9 1.9 2.3 17.4 64.9 1981 15.1 .0 8.8 13.9 1.6 39.0 1.9 .0 5.8 1.6 5.0 19.5 58.5 1982 8.4 - 6.7 6.8 1.4 22.0 2.1 .0 6.7 1.3 5.5 20.2 42.2 1983

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The Gulf War and the environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Gulf War inflicted dramatic environmental damage upon the fragile desert and shore environments of Kuwait and northeastern Saudi Arabia. Coastal and marine environments experienced oil spills of more than 8 million barrels, which killed wildlife and damaged the fishing industry. In inland Kuwait, hundreds of oil lakes are scattered across the desert surface: these lakes emit noxious gases, drown insects and birds, and may seep to pollute groundwater. Exploding and burning oil wells released soot particles, oil droplets, and noxious chemicals into the atmosphere, spreading air pollution, acid rain, and respiratory problems. Military diggings, constructions, and vehicles have destroyed much of the desert pavement, resulting in increased dust storms and large, moving dunes.

El-Baz, F. (ed.) (Boston Univ., MA (United States). Center for Remote Sensing); Makharita, R.M. (ed.) (World Bank, Washington, DC (United States))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

The unstable Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book is an analysis of the international political environment for business in the Gulf region. To secure the flow of oil supplies to the West, the U.S. relies on stable relations with the key Gulf states: Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Qatar. The region's dynamic balance of power, however, is inherently destabilizing, which threatens the investment climate and the billions of dollars of international commerce with the Gulf states expected in the next decade. Dr. Martin analyzes the effects of the religious, ethnic, and ideological differences in the Persian Gulf on superpower competition and U.S. energy policy.

Martin, L.G.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1986  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1986 totaled 4,493,973,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,312,254 BOPD), up 22.3% from the revised 1985 total of 3,673,729,000 bbl. Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi, and Oman had significant increased; Iran was the only Middle East country with a significant decrease. New fields went on production in Oman and Yemen Arab Republic, and significant discoveries were reported in Iraq, Yemen Arab Republic, Oman, and Syria. However, exploration was generally down in most countries. Exploration and production operations continued to be affected by war in Iraq and Iran. 8 figures, 7 tables.

Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Survey to assess Persian Gulf spill effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that an international group is poised for an extensive survey of the Persian Gulf, including an assessment of the long term effects of last year's oil spill, a legacy of the Persian Gulf war. Saudi Arabia plans a $450 million cleanup program on beaches fouled by the massive spill. Plans for the survey were disclosed by the United National Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco). It is to be carried out under the auspices of the Regional Organization for the Protection of the Marine Environment (Ropme), Unesco's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, and the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Ropme member countries are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.

Not Available

1992-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

305

Shelf circulation patterns off Nigeria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. An oil spill occurred in January of 1998, the slick drifted in the opposite direction at twice the speed as was anticipated. It was believed that the heavy discharge from the Niger River Delta would have a strong influence on the near-shore circulation...

Rider, Kelly Elizabeth

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

306

LeslanguesauNigeria Bernard CARON*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Langues et Cultures d'Afrique Noire) 1 (B.F. Grimes, 1996). 2 (J. Greenberg, 1963). (Congo-cordofan, Nilo, chaque regroupement a été illustré par quelques langues : Congo-Kordofan. Niger-Congo atlantique : peul : gun-gbe, seto-gbe ijo : ijo, ibani, biseni, kalabari, nkoro, okodia, okrika, oruma Bénoué-Congo

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

307

Electric network interconnection of Mashreq Arab Countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power system interconnection is a well established practice for a variety of technical and economical reasons. Several interconnected networks exist worldwide for a number of factors. Some of these networks cross international boundaries. This presentation discusses the future developments of the power systems of Mashreq Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Yemen. Mac power systems are operated by government or semigovernment bodies. Many of these countries have national or regional electric grids but are generally isolated from each other. With the exception of Saudi Arabia power systems, which employ 60 Hz, all other MAC utilities use 50 Hz frequency. Each country is served by one utility, except Saudi Arabia, which is served by four major utilities and some smaller utilities serving remote towns and small load centers. The major utilities are the Saudi Consolidated electric Company in the Eastern Province (SCECO East), SCECO Center, SCECO West, and SCECO South. These are the ones considered in this study. The energy resources in MAC are varied. Countries such as Egypt, Iraq, and Syria have significant hydro resources.The gulf countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel, The variation in energy resources as well as the characteristics of the electric load make it essential to look into interconnections beyond the national boundaries. Most of the existing or planned interconnections involve few power systems. A study involving 12 countries and over 20 utilities with different characteristics represents a very large scale undertaking.

El-Amin, I.M.; Al-Shehri, A.M.; Opoku, G.; Al-Baiyat, S.A.; Zedan, F.M.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Crude Oil  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Algeria .......................................... 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.17 - - - - - - - - 1.19 - - Angola .......................................... 1.73 1.75 1.70 1.71 - - - - - - - - 1.72 - - Ecudaor ........................................ 0.51 0.52 0.53 0.54 - - - - - - - - 0.52 - - Iran ............................................... 2.80 2.80 2.80 2.80 - - - - - - - - 2.80 - - Iraq ............................................... 3.05 3.09 3.04 2.93 - - - - - - - - 3.03 - - Kuwait .......................................... 2.60 2.60 2.60 2.60 - - - - - - - - 2.60 - - Libya ............................................ 1.37 1.33 0.65 0.33 - - - - - - - - 0.92 - - Nigeria .........................................

309

Re-examination of the current architectural curriculum at Kuwait University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and society in general. Architectural education is in desperate need of change and improvement, primarily through reforming the heart of the architectural education--its curriculum. This study reviews the existing program of the Department of Architecture...

Abdullah, Mohammad

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Numerical analysis of the laterally loaded piles in the Kuwait offshore environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An attempt is made to present an automated analysis of laterally loaded piles using subgrade reaction theory and the P-delta curves governing the soil properties. The finite difference method is applied in establishing the governing equations. The pile response is obtained using the boundary conditions improved by Newtonian method. Results obtained are forces, moments, deflections and soil reactions for various depths of strata in which such piles exist. Based on these results future recommendations are made.

Al-Obaid, Y.F.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Department of Defense Kuwait oil fire health risk assessment. (The 'Persian Gulf Veterans' registry'). Background paper  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Second report prepared in response to P.L. 102-585--the Persian Gulf War Veterans' Health Status Act. (First report focused on the VA 'Persian Gulf War Veterans' Health Registry.') Assesses whether DoD's response 'meets the provisions of the law under which it was mandated,' assesses its 'potential utility ... for scientific study and assessment of the intermediate and long-term health consequences of military service in the Persian Gulf theater of operations during the Persian Gulf War,' and addresses some other related questions.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Word Pro - S11.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a a World Crude Oil Production Overview (Million Barrels per Day) World Production, 1973-2012 World Production, Monthly Selected Producers, 1973-2012 Selected Producers, Monthly 148 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 United States 2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013 Non-OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 20 40 60 80 Non-OPEC World 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 3 6 9 12 OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 3 6 9 12 0 World United States Russia Persian Gulf Nations OPEC Saudi Arabia China Persian Gulf Nations Russia Iran China Saudi Arabia Iran Notes: * OPEC is the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. * The Persian Gulf Nations are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Production from

313

OLCF Researcher to Work with Clean Combustion Center at Saudi...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

with Engine Knock Research Researchers at the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology Clean Combustion Research Center and ORNL are using supercomputer simulations...

314

Divided We Survive: A Landscape of Fragmentation in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a stricter Salafi value system on the government and the public. The modernist, liberal camp hopes of the alliance between the ruling family and the ulama that has lasted since the 18th century. The Shiites desire

Fraden, Seth

315

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Assessment of Rainfall Augmentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the cloud droplet size distribution. · Focus on improving the AIMMS vertical wind measurements. 2 #12 a month ahead of time. In addition to lectures, Dr. Tilley worked closely with local scientists using their installation of the Weather and Research Forecasting (WRF) model. Topics coved by Dr. Tilley's lectures

Delene, David J.

316

Governance for Sustainable Development in the Arab Region | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sustainable Development in the Arab Region Sustainable Development in the Arab Region Jump to: navigation, search Name Governance for Sustainable Development in the Arab Region: Institutions and Instruments for Moving Beyond an Environmental Management Culture Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Buildings, Industry, Transportation Topics Finance, Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Guide/manual Website http://www.escwa.un.org/inform Country Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen Western Asia, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia

317

Crude Oil and Gasoline Price Monitoring  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

What drives crude oil prices? What drives crude oil prices? November 13, 2013 | Washington, DC An analysis of 7 factors that influence oil markets, with chart data updated monthly and quarterly Crude oil prices react to a variety of geopolitical and economic events November 13, 2013 2 price per barrel (real 2010 dollars, quarterly average) Low spare capacity Iraq invades Kuwait Saudis abandon swing producer role Iran-Iraq War Iranian revolution Arab Oil Embargo Asian financial crisis U.S. spare capacity exhausted Global financial collapse 9-11 attacks OPEC cuts targets 1.7 mmbpd OPEC cuts targets 4.2 mmbpd Sources: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Thomson Reuters 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 imported refiner acquisition cost of crude oil

318

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy, Climate Topics: GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/emis/meth_reg.html Country: United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Luxembourg, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand

319

MENA-GTZ EERE Regional Center | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MENA-GTZ EERE Regional Center MENA-GTZ EERE Regional Center Jump to: navigation, search Name MENA-GTZ EERE Regional Center Agency/Company /Organization GTZ Partner Ministry of electricity and energy of Egypt, New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.gtz.de/en/praxis/95 Program Start 2008 Program End 2013 Country Algeria, Bahrain, Cyprus, Djibouti, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Northern Africa, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia

320

Too early to tell on $100 oil  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Confidential Confidential Presentation to: April 7, 2008 Middle East oil demand and Lehman Brothers oil price outlook Adam Robinson Middle East oil demand u Three pillars of Middle East oil demand - Petrodollar reinvestment - Purchasing power rise - Power sector constraints u Natural gas shortages for power generation mean balance of risks to any Middle East oil demand forecast are firmly to the upside, adding to summer upside seasonality u Lehman Brothers has pegged 3Q08 as the tightest quarter of the current oil cycle, with a possible turning point coming by the end of the year 1 Putting the GCC economy in global context u GCC = Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman u GDP/capita in 2007: $19,000 - Nearly 3x China and 5x India u At $800 bn, GCC is a top 10 developing economy by size

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a Mini Nuclear Winter'' as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Middle East: Slow year on the Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article surveys the petroleum outlook in the Middle East area. Observations include: Saudi Arabia's money crunch continues to keep the lid on exploration, production work; Abu Dhabi has also curtailed operations because of low oil prices, reduced budgets; Followup drilling has been disappointing around recent gas strikes in Sharjah, Dubai; Oman's aggressive EandP program will result in a 30% drilling increase this year; Kuwait isn't slowing down its development of light oil either; the goal is 40 new wells; Iran and Iraq are still boosting export capacities despite attacks on oil facilities; North Yemen's Alief field is a major find. Numerous structures remain to be drilled; Syria, Bahrain have development projects underway. Turkey is attracting U.S. majors.

Not Available

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a ``Mini Nuclear Winter`` as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

324

The post-war Middle East  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Middle East remains today the global energy fulcrum. One year after the Persian Gulf war, the region is in greater turmoil and political uncertainty than it has known in modern times. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and subsequent external military intervention forced neighboring states to question the need for a foreign military presence in the future. The rift between the secular revolutionary states in the region led by Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Algeria, and Syria and the traditional monarchy of Saudi Arabia and the emirates of the gulf has widened. Egypt provides, at present, an uncomfortable bridge. The balance of political forces may be shifting. This paper attempts to answer the following questions: Where will we see the new leadership in the Middle East Will it again play a role through the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and determination of the oil price in shaping the structure of global energy supply and demand

Tempest, P.

1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

325

Middle Eastern power systems; Present and future developments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Middle Eastern Power systems have evolved independently of each other over many decades. The region covers a wide geographical area of over 4 million square kilometers with an estimated population in 1990 of over 120 million people. This paper discusses the present status and future power system developments in the Middle East with emphasis on the Mashrequ Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, and the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Interconnections within MAC and possible extensions to Turkey, Europe, and Central Africa are discussed. A common characteristic of the MAC power systems is that they are all operated by government or semi-government bodies. The energy resources in the region are varied. Countries such as Iraq, Egypt, and Syria have significant hydro power resources. On the other hand, the GCC countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel reserves.

Not Available

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Architectural Academic Tourism: Saudi Chronicles or Social Mobility for Women through Architectural Design and Education in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to learn, though for many (some brides and mothers from a very early age) the experience was more an opportunity to socialize outside the home. During the (ongoing) MERS epidemic, students who had been seriously ill with fever and cough refused to get... .g. mechanical respiration) would actually go to the hospital, and with antibiotics readily available over-the-counter, people self-treated for cough, fever and/or pneumonia. Typically no one stayed home to protect others from infection unless they were truly...

Jann, Marga

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

327

U.S. LNG Imports from Nigeria  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT Champlain, NY LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake...

328

OPEC 1991 results reflect hard times  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that low crude oil prices and economic tough times in industrial countries cause a lean 1991 for members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. OPEC's 1991 annual report the member countries reported an overall loss of $12 billion in 1991 on oil revenues that fell 16.2%. Iraq and Kuwait were not included because of their unusual circumstances in the wake of the Persian Gulf war. Reduced oil revenues reflected a slide to $18.66/bbl in 1991 from $22.26/bbl in 1990 for the average price of OPEC basket crudes. As of last June 5 OPEC's basket crude price has averaged only $17.42/bbl this year, OPEC News Agency (Opecna) reported. First quarter 1992 prices averaged $16.77/bbl, compared wit $19.31/bbl in fourth quarter 1991. The average price jumped 52 cent/bbl the first week in June this year to $19.93/bbl, bouyed by Saudi Arabia's move at the end of May to shift its policy from price moderation to one in favor of higher prices, Opecna the. OPEC members increased production 1% in 1991 to an average 23.28 million b/d in spite of negligible production from Iraq and Kuwait and reduced production from Qatar.

Not Available

1992-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

329

The potential impact on socio-economic groups of rising energy prices due to the Kuwaiti crisis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Iraqi invasion of the kingdom of Kuwait on August 2, 1990, triggered immediate increases in the world price of petroleum. With US imports of petroleum and residential, commercial, and industrial consumption of petroleum products on the rise, these price increases are already evident in the US. The differential impact of these increases on poor and minority households raises significant and potentially long-term research and policy issues for various government agencies, including the US Department of Energy. The purpose of this paper is to provide a preliminary analysis of the nature and extent of the potential impact of Iraqi-induced petroleum price changes on majority, black, and Hispanic households, as well as on poor and non-poor households. As this paper is written, the US is continuing the deployment of several hundred thousand troops, aircraft, naval vessels, and other equipment to the Persian Gulf. The objectives of this deployment are to deter Iraqi invasion of Saudi Arabia and to encourage Iraqi withdrawal from Kuwait. The outcome of these initiatives, particularly the response of the government of Iraq, could stimulate additional changes in world petroleum prices and subsequent impacts on the household energy consumption and expenditure patterns of US black, Hispanic, and poor households. 8 refs., 16 figs., 5 tabs.

Henderson, L. (Baltimore Univ., MD (USA)); Poyer, D.; Teotia, A.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Implementation of Smart Operation Strategies for Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems for Ministries Complex in the State of Kuwait  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the smart operation strategies. These savings led to a reduction of $1,500 per typical summer day of the MEW fuel bill and 8,918 kg/day of CO2 emissions. To make MC building more energy efficient, it is recommended to retrofit AHUs and secondary chilled...

Al-Mulla, A.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Al-Nakib, D.; Ishaqali, H.

331

Number and Size Distribution of Airborne Nanoparticles during Summertime in Kuwait: First Observations from the Middle East  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(12-14) Nevertheless, the NPF barrier imposed by high pre-existing particles in polluted environment can be overshadowed by the extremely high precursor gases. ... Roadside vegetation barriers are used in many urban areas to restrict air and noise pollution from reaching roadside pedestrians, but their effectiveness in limiting the movement of nanoparticles is not yet known. ...

Abdullah N. Al-Dabbous; Prashant Kumar

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

332

Promoting social change in the Arab Gulf: two case studies of communication programmes in Kuwait and Bahrain.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The thesis presents rich empirical analysis of the role of public relations in facilitating participation in social change in the Arab Gulf. The focus is (more)

Al Saqer, Layla Hassan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Hydrogeophysical methods for analyzing aquifer storage and recovery systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1995. Hydrogeology of the Dammam formation in Umm GudairGeology and hydrogeology of the Dammam formation in Kuwait.freshwater storage in the Dammam formation, Kuwait. Arabian

Minsley, B.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

SOVEREIGN WEALTH FUNDS AND NATIONAL SECURITY: THE GREAT TRADEOFF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kuwaits pioneering Investment Authority was deliberately designed to provide for the day when the Emirates oil wells

COHEN, BENJAMIN J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Building for Oil: Corporate Colonialism, Nationalism and Urban Modernity in Ahmadi, 1946-1992  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil and Politics in the Gulf: Rulers and Merchants in Kuwait and Qatar, (Oil and Politics in the Gulf: Rulers and Merchants in Kuwait and Qatar,

Alissa, Reem IR

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Word Pro - S11.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. International . International Petroleum Figure 11.1a World Crude Oil Production Overview (Million Barrels per Day) World Production, 1973-2012 World Production, Monthly Selected Producers, 1973-2012 Selected Producers, Monthly 148 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 United States 2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013 Non-OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 20 40 60 80 Non-OPEC World 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 3 6 9 12 OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 3 6 9 12 0 World United States Russia Persian Gulf Nations OPEC Saudi Arabia China Persian Gulf Nations Russia Iran China Saudi Arabia Iran Notes: * OPEC is the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. * The Persian Gulf Nations are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait,

337

Biggest oil spill tackled in gulf amid war, soft market  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Industry is scrambling to cope with history's biggest oil spill against the backdrop of a Persian Gulf war and a softening oil market. U.S. and Saudi Arabian officials accused Iraq of unleashing an oil spill of about 11 million bbl into the Persian Gulf off Kuwait last week by releasing crude from the giant Sea Island tanker loading terminal at Mina al Ahmadi. Smart bombs delivered by U.S. aircraft hit two onshore tank farm manifold stations, cutting off the terminal's source of oil flow Jan. 26. A small volume of oil was still leaking from 13 mile feeder pipelines to the terminal at presstime. Press reports quoted U.S. military and Saudi officials as estimating the slick at 35 miles long and 10 miles wide but breaking up in some areas late last week. Meantime, Iraq reportedly opened the valves at its Mina al Bakr marine terminal at Fao to spill crude into the northern gulf. BBC reported significant volumes of crude in the water off Fao 24 hr after the terminal valves were opened. Mina al Bakr is a considerably smaller terminal than Sea Island, suggesting that the resulting flow of oil would be smaller than that at Sea Island.

Not Available

1991-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

338

3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

Al-Husseini, M. [Gulf PetroLink, Manama (Bahrain); Chimblo, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Circular Retribution: The Effects of Climate Change on U .S. and Global Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of global oil supply, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and the Unitedof global oil supply, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and the United

Prescher, Hannes

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2005 SPE Technical Symposium of Saudi Arabia Section held in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, 14-16 May 2005.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Controllable factors include mud weight, wellbore azimuth and inclination. A proper drilling program optimizes by the Technical Symposium Program Committee following review of information contained in full manuscript submitted a platform. Drilling an ingauge hole is an interplay of two factors: uncontrollable and controllable

Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Section 49 - Business  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The category entitled Business includes milestones involving companies and other business organizations with energy-related activities, and also business ventures in energy by individual entrepreneurs. This subject area is closely related to the preceding section Economics. The first significant energy business involved the mining, transportation, and sale of coal. The coal industry originated in Great Britain, especially in the Newcastle area of northern England. (This became the source of the expression carrying coals to Newcastle to describe a needless activity, since coal already could be found there in such abundance.) The U.S. coal business began in the mid 1700s, and was located mainly in the Appalachian region, where it still exists as a major industry today. The next major energy business to emerge in the U.S. was water power, in New Jersey in the late 1700s. This was followed by the gas lighting industry, which had begun in Britain in 1812 and then developed in the U.S. shortly afterward. Another notable energy business of this time was the whale oil industry, in which whales were hunted for use of their oil as a lighting fuel. This had a remarkable career arc as a business. It came of age in New England in the 1820s, peaked in the 1840s, and was virtually defunct by the end of the 1860s. Other fuel sources had replaced whale oil, chiefly kerosene, a cheaper and more easily obtainable product. The oil business had its formal beginnings in the 1850s in the U.S. and Romania. The year 1870 then saw a significant milestone in the business with the creation of the Standard Oil Company by John D. Rockefeller and colleagues. Three years later, the brothers Robert and Ludwig Nobel (siblings of the inventor Alfred) set up a company to exploit the oil riches of Baku, Azerbaijan. Bakus oil industry would become the largest in the world in the late nineteenth century. Also in the 1850s, the first commercial natural gas company was formed in Fredonia, New York. The 1870s marked the beginning of another huge energy business, the commercial supply of electric power. The founding of Thomas Edisons Edison Electric Light Company (1879) was the seminal event in this respect. Thus by the end of the 1870s, the four large energy supply industries of the U.S.coal, oil, gas, and electricitywere all in full operation. The general availability of energy supply from oil and electricity led to the development of a huge energy-related business, the automobile industry. This began in the 1890s, with the founding of Daimler Motors in Germany being the most significant event. Electric car companies would enjoy success from this early period of the 1890s up until the early 1920s, when gasoline-powered cars eclipsed their sale. The first step in the demise of electric streetcar companies also came in the early 1920s when the General Motors Company began a campaign to replace street cars with gasoline-powered vehicles. A major development in the energy business in the 20th century was the effort to produce and market oil from Middle Eastern sources. This began in earnest in the 1930s when Western oil companies were granted concessions to begin oil prospecting in Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Eventually, these two nations would take over their oil industry and control its revenue themselves, as would various other oil-exporting nations (e.g., Venezuela, Nigeria). The influence of Western oil companies was at its peak in the mid 1970s when the popular media referred to the Seven Sisters that then dominated the business: Exxon, Mobil, Socal (Chevron), Texaco, Gulf, British Petroleum, and Royal Dutch/Shell. These companies controlled about 85 percent of the worlds oil reserves. Their influence on the global market would soon diminish due to the importance of OPEC and the existence of various state-owned oil companies as noted above. Nevertheless, a contemporary list of the ten largest global companies still includes all of the Seven Sisters, either as independent companies or as part of a merger with another of this group. The

Cutler J. Cleveland; Christopher Morris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

The secondary recovery project at Ogharefe Field, Nigeria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A secondary recovery project involving water injection and gas-lift facilities was installed in the Ogharefe field in 1979 following detailed reservoir simulation studies. Two years' operation provides the opportunity to discuss the progress of the project so far.

Aron, D.; Ashbourne, T.J.; Oloketuyi, D.O.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Maa-Bara : catalyzing change in Nigeria's Niger delta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Can architecture catalyze economic growth? This thesis serves as a design contribution to the war against poverty by proving that small-scale architectural interventions can propagate large-scale economic growth. It ...

Okiomah, Ogheneruno E. (Ogheneruno Elo)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Sequence stratigraphy of Niger Delta, Delta field, offshore Nigeria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Sequence boundaries developed as mass flows eroded slopes steepened by the structural collapse of the Niger Delta clastic wedge. Basal deposits directly overlying areas of deepest incision along sequence boundaries formed by the migration of large, sinuous...

Owoyemi, Ajibola Olaoluwa

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Sequence stratigraphy of Niger Delta, Robertkiri field, onshore Nigeria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deposits of Robertkiri field, in the central offshore area of Niger Delta, comprise a 4 km thick succession of Pliocene to Miocene non-marine and shallow marine deposits. A sequence stratigraphic framework for Robertkiri field strata was constructed...

Magbagbeola, Olusola Akintayo

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

346

Opportunities to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from households in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Efforts to mitigate climate threats should not exclude the household as the household is a major driver of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through its consumption...2) emissions from kerosene combustion for lighting

O. Adeoti; S. O. Osho

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

SUSTAINABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT (An Overview of Nigeria Experience)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs (Brundtland Commision, 1987 of the topic today. #12;Definition of Term Contd. Government and Private sectors tend to use the term development lies in the effective utilization of these resources #12;FACTORS THAT MAY IMPACT SUSTAINABLE

Coles, Cynthia

348

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

349

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets (Redirected from Ecofys Country Fact Sheets) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

350

A Crude Threat :The Limits of an Iranian Missile Campaign against Saudi Arabian Oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The United States and its Persian Gulf allies have been increasingly concerned with the growing size and complexity of Iran's ballistic missile programs. At a time when the United States and its allies remain locked in a ...

Itzkowitz Shifrinson, Joshua

351

Customer behaviour towards internet banking: a study of the dormant users of Saudi Arabia .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Technology acceptance, especially internet banking acceptance has become a vital issue in the business world today. A number of studies agree on the importance of (more)

AlMohaimmeed, Bader M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

The use of the internet among EFL teachers at the Colleges of Technology in Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Because of its far reaching impact on many aspects and functions of educational institutions and its potential benefits for educators, the Internet has been the (more)

Al-Asmari, Ali M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Lean Production Using Modular Construction: Study of the Ministry of Education's Projects in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the University of Dammam (King Faisal University) where my engineering knowledge and basic understanding was formed. Special thanks to Professor Yousef Alohali for his guidance and support during my undergraduate education as well as during the completion...

Alshayeb, Mohammed Jawad

2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

354

Developing a classroom science enrichment programme for gifted primary school boys in Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Enrichment is one of the important educational facilities that are provided for gifted students. However, the research on gifted enrichment programmes still requires further exploration (more)

Alarfaj, Abdulhamid

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Solar Energy Water Desalination in the United States and Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Five solar energy water desalination systems are described. The systems will each deliver 6000 m3/day of desalted water from either seawater or brackish water. After the system definition study is completed in August 1981, two systems will be selected for pilot plant construction. The pilot plants will have capacities in the range of 1 00 to 400 m3/day.

Luft, W.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Construction management and its application to the delivery of the Lamar Towers in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Construction Management (CM) is becoming the delivery method of choice for constructing complicated projects. Previously, the most common method to employ was the General Contracting method, where the contractor and designer ...

Kassouf, Ronald Elie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

A new species of Chalicodoma from Saudi Arabia with modified facial setae (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, 1501 Crestline Drive Suite 140, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA urn:lsid:zoobank.org:author:F79B0759-8FB4-463F-866F-B9CBAB07EA72 urn:lsid:zoobank.org:author:E92843D5-87A5-440C-9975-2498799585BC...

Alqarni, Abdulaziz S.; Hannan, Mohammed A.; Gonzalez, Victor H.; Engel, Michael S.

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

358

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Infection in Dromedary Camels in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Stephen C. Sameroff c Emmie de Wit d Vincent J. Munster d Lisa...Kapoor V, Sameroff SC, de Wit E, Munster VJ, Hensley LE...Mountain Laboratories (E. de Wit, V. J. Munster) and Integrated...Assiri A , McGeer A, Perl TM, Price CS, Al Rabeeah AA, Cummings...

Abdulaziz N. Alagaili; Thomas Briese; Nischay Mishra; Vishal Kapoor; Stephen C. Sameroff; Emmie de Wit; Vincent J. Munster; Lisa E. Hensley; Iyad S. Zalmout; Amit Kapoor; Jonathan H. Epstein; William B. Karesh; Peter Daszak; Osama B. Mohammed; W. Ian Lipkin

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

E-Print Network 3.0 - adult saudi patients Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

holding recovery area. Both the inpatient... and outpatient populations are served from pediatric to adult. Within their role, the Radiology ... Source: Duke University, Center...

360

Industrial experience at the Arabian American Oil Company in Saudi Arabia: an internship report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Limitations ....... ..46 b. Determination of Optimum Circulating Rate-.- 47 c. Determination of Pressure Available to the Bit .................................... ..50 d. Selection of Nozzle Combinations ........ .51 e. Weight on the Bit and Rotary Speed... to the operational nature of the work and partly due to the shortage of engineering manpower. As a result, the work was generally assigned on the basis of an engineer per rig(s), an engineer per field(s), or an engineer per area(s). This report, therefore...

Akkad, Ruwaid Ahmed, 1943-

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

was made possible by working diligently to identify common-sense ways to reduce energy usage and successfully spreading the word among the nearly 8,000 U.S. military...

362

Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

proportional to carbon emissions. Human Development Index (GDPcapita, education level, health care, etc.) vs. Electricity Use United States U.S. must reduce carbon emissions by...

363

Nesting Biology of the Leafcutting Bee Megachile minutissima (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) in Central Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The leafcutting bee Megachile (Eutricharaea) minutissima Radoszkowski is a widely distributed species in the Middle East and a promising pollinator of alfalfa. We provide information on the nest architecture, foraging behavior, phenology, and host...

Alqarni, Abdulaziz S.; Hannan, Mohammed A.; Gonzalez, Victor H.; Engel, Michael S.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

TABLE25A.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PAD PAD District V PAD District IV January 1998 Non OPEC .................................... 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Canada ..................................... 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Total .............................................. 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Arab OPEC .................................. 2,409 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq ........................................... 1,110 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 1,299 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Other OPEC ................................. 1,614 0 363 0 0 0 0 97 0 0 Indonesia .................................. 1,020 0 0 0 0 0 0 97 0 0 Venezuela ................................. 594 0 363 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Non OPEC .................................... 9,618 5 972 0 13 475 22 0 0 0 Argentina .................................. 807 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Canada

365

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Techniques in ESCWA Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.escwa.un.org/information/publications/edit/upload/sdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen UN Region: "Western Asia & North Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

366

CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Middle East crisis and US energy policy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The worldwide embargo of oil from Iraq and Kuwait imposed following Iraq's Aug. 2 takeover of its neighbor cut world oil supply by an estimated 4.3 million barrels per day--7 percent of world production. Other major oil producers, notably Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela, are stepping up their production and are expected to make up for most of the shortfall--at least for awhile. As a result, the International Energy Agency, the 21-member agency set up in the 1970s to respond to such emergencies, expects world oil supplies to be adequate through October. But two factors complicate matters in the long run: the drawdown of inventories in August that cut out a cushion that could have been used later and the use now of excess OPEC production capacity that was expected to be used this winter. The result is that the increase in cold weather demand could bring on a 3 million bpd shortage this winter, which would push prices higher.

Not Available

1990-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

368

International energy outlook. Volume 1. Mideast, Far East, and Africa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The developing nations of the Mideast, Far East, and Africa face a bleaker - and more-complicated - energy picture than that of the West. Rapid industrial and agricultural expansion in the region severely drains already-inadequate energy systems. Energy-importing countries find they must diversify and develop indigenous resources, but often lack the technical known-how to do so. Volume 1 is a compilation of official US government intelligence reports examining the way 22 countries in the Mideast, Far East, and Africa are responding to the energy problems. The countries covered are: Algeria, Australia, Burma, China, Egypt, Gabon, India, Indonesia, Ivory Coast, Japan, Korea, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Mozambique, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Sudan, Taiwan, Tunisia and Turkey. The range and detail of country reports vary, due to availability of reports. Although the book details current energy situations, its main emphasis is on the future, including estimates of future production and consumption, and descriptions of energy development plans. Some of the countries in this region are fortunate to have petrochemical resources, while electric energy expansion is crucial to national development in all. Coal will be filling the gap left by diminishing oil supplies. 61 tables.

Jablonski, D.M. (ed.)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Oil and gas development in Middle East in 1987  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1987 totaled an estimated 4,500,500,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,330,137 b/d), up slightly from the revised 1986 total of 4,478,972,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic had significant increases; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia had significant decreases. Production was established for the first time in People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. New fields went on production in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, and Syria, and significant oil discoveries were reported in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic. The level of exploration increased in 1987 with new concessions awarded in some countries, drilling and seismic activities on the increase, new regions in mature areas explored for the first time, and significant reserve additions reported in new and old permits. The Iraq-Iran war still had a negative impact in some regions of the Middle East, particularly in and around the Gulf. 11 figs., 4 tabs.

Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.; Phillips, C.B.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Big questions cloud Iraq's future role in world oil market  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that Iraq raises questions for the world oil market beyond those frequently asked about when and under what circumstances it will resume exports. Two wars since 1981 have obscured encouraging results from a 20 year exploration program that were only beginning to come to light when Iraq invaded Kuwait in August 1990. Those results indicate the country might someday be able to produce much more than the 3.2 million b/d it was flowing before a United Nations embargo blocked exports. If exploratory potential is anywhere near what officials asserted in the late 1980s, and if Iraq eventually turns hospitable to international capital, the country could become a world class opportunity for oil companies as well as an exporter with productive capacity approaching that of Saudi Arabia. But political conditions can change quickly. Under a new, secular regime, Iraq might welcome non-Iraqi oil companies and capital as essential to economic recovery. It's a prospect that warrants a new industry look at what the country has revealed about its geology and exploration history.

Tippee, B.

1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

372

Building for Oil: Corporate Colonialism, Nationalism and Urban Modernity in Ahmadi, 1946-1992  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from Arabia, 1930-1960: Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Persian Gulf,from Arabia, 1930-1960: Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Persian Gulf,King Faisals Palace in Bagdad, Iraq, 1928. (Source: Wilson

Alissa, Reem IR

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Prof. Cauligi (Raghu) Raghavendra Vice Dean for Global Academic Initiatives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Turkey ­ DEN Opportunities: Kuwait Oil Company, Aviation Safety in IFEZ, Korea, PEMEX and UNAM in Mexico

Zhou, Chongwu

374

Wald L., Baleynaud J.-M., 1999. Observing air quality over the city of Nantes by means of Landsat thermal infrared data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 20, 5, 947-959.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

oil wells in Kuwait were set on fire. As a result smoke plumes have obscured the sky south of Kuwait. As an example, the relative monthly solar radiation in Bahrain, 600 km south-east of Kuwait, was reduced by upto

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

375

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kuwait, Middle East, oil and gas fields, oil refinery, oil waste, oil well,Equipment Kuwait Oil Co. 1991. Mideast well fire, oil spillKuwait, Persian Gulf, Saudia Arabia, Oil spill, cleanup, oil spills, crude, oil spill incidents, oil spills-pipeline, warfare, oil skimmers, oil wells,

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Building for Oil: Corporate Colonialism, Nationalism and Urban Modernity in Ahmadi, 1946-1992  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier (Stanford: Stanfordthe Al-Sabah, and Oil, A British Academy PostdoctoralMythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier. Stanford, California:

Alissa, Reem IR

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Biodiesel production and Environmental CO2 cleanup using Oleaginous Microorganisms from Al-Hassa area in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biodiesel production is rapidly moving towards the mainstream as an alternative source of energy. Algae oil is one of the viable feed stocks among others to produce Biodiesel. However the difficulties in efficien...

Abdulaziz El-Sinawi; Mohammad Shathele

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Selected References Arnetz BB, Templin T, Saudi W, Jamil H. Obstructive sleep apnea, PTSD and health in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mental health: mediating effect of organizational efficiency. J Occup Environ Med, Lichtenberg P, Luborsky M, Arnetz BB. Organizational climate determinants of resident, Lucas T, Arnetz JE. Organizational climate, occupational stress, and employee

Cinabro, David

379

The Influence of Mathematics Teachers' Knowledge in Technology, Pedagogy and Content (TPACK) on their Teaching Effectiveness in Saudi Public Schools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alayafi, Dr. Ahamed Abdullah Alshehri, Mr. Faisal Abdulrahman Alshehri, Maj. Saeed Abdullah Alshehri, Mr. Mohammed Ali Alshehri, Mr. Hatem Abdullah Alshehri, Mr. Nasser Ali Alshehri, Mr. Ahamed Ibrahim Alshehri, Mr. Salem Ibrahim Alshehri, Ms. Fatimah...

Alshehri, Khaled Abdullah

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

380

Selection of structural systems and materials: minimizing lateral drift and cost of tall buildings in Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis proposes procedures and guidelines for selection of optimum structural systems and materials in two stages. Stage one is based on a list of (more)

ALShamrani, Othman Subhi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Application of Well-Based Surrogate Reservoir Models (SRMs) to Two Offshore Fields in Saudi Arabia, Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPE 153845 Application of Well-Based Surrogate Reservoir Models (SRMs) to Two Offshore Fields for presentation at the SPE Western North American Regional Meeting held in Bakersfield, California, USA, 19, the pressure and saturation changes at each grid block. Well-based SRM is based on the pattern recognition

Mohaghegh, Shahab

382

Measurements of environmental terrestrial gamma radiation average dose rate in three mountainous locations in the western region of Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......produced an almost energy-independent response of the detectors within the energy range of terrestrial...TL signal vs. storage time. As can be...Figure 1. TL response of CaSO4:Dy as...3 -5 show the frequency distributions of......

Fayez H. H. A1-Ghorabie

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Study of Ultraviolet Radiation and Genotoxic Effects of Natural Sunlight in Relation to Skin Cancer in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...supplied by the Solar Light Company, Philadelphia...UV meter measures energy between 290 and 320...sunlight varies with solar angle and atmospheric...1983. The effective energy of a sunburn unit...the International Solar Energy Society Congress...

Mohammed A. Hannan; Manik Paul; Magid H. Amer; and Farouk H. Al-Watban

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

The Effect of Mediated Glosses on Vocabulary Retention and Reading Comprehension with English Language Learners in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. King Saud University, 1988 M. A. King Faisal University, 2000 2011 Submitted to the Department of Curriculum and Teaching and the Faculty of the Graduate School of... .. 14 Bottom-Up Processing Models .... 14 Integrative Processing Models . 15 Factors Influencing FL/L2 Reading Development ...... 15 viii The Linguistic Threshold Hypothesis...

Al Ghafli, Mansour Hussain

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

385

An application of cost-benefit analysis to the Al-Qateef, Saudi Arabia, water management project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cls: Cond for paclcing as food encl frL' I 13, 500 Good f o1 nn&rca1 f c cl ler acrd 3, 500 Xo a. ' 22, 000 '00 Sources: Adooted from A)V'100 [5& p. 221 and Barrcvcld [8& p. 5] ii. adi'' 'ian acc. :i O'Iig o 'v&rii etc" anil =;I '&ile b'& i... cls: Cond for paclcing as food encl frL' I 13, 500 Good f o1 nn&rca1 f c cl ler acrd 3, 500 Xo a. ' 22, 000 '00 Sources: Adooted from A)V'100 [5& p. 221 and Barrcvcld [8& p. 5] ii. adi'' 'ian acc. :i O'Iig o 'v&rii etc" anil =;I '&ile b'& i...

Thenayan, Abdullah T

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

386

Oil, politics, society and the state in the middle east: Enduring authoritarianism in Iran and Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This thesis examines the relationship between oil and the persistence of authoritarianism in the Middle East. Specifically, it analyzes and critiques the rentier state (more)

Martorell, Benjamin E

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

LINEAR AND NON-LINEAR TECHNIQUES FOR ESTIMATING THE MONEY DEMAND FUNCTION: THE CASE OF SAUDI ARABIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

aggregates). The first approach is the conventional way, which is based on empirical literature where non-oil GDP is used as a measure for income. The second approach is the consumer demand approach to money demand. This approach emphasizes the use...

Alsahafi, Mamdooh

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

388

D-SPARQ: Distributed, Scalable and Efficient RDF Query Engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Dammam, Saudi Arabia. University of New South Wales, High Street, Kensington, NSW, Australia 2052. ssakr

Hitzler, Pascal

389

Static Analysis and Clustering of Malware Applying Text Based Search Mudhi Aljamea', Vida Ghanaei, Costas S. Iliopoulos', Richard E Overill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Dammam, Saudi Arabia¹ Department of Mathematics & Statistics, University of Western Australia, Australia

Overill, Richard E.

390

Leak Testing the DMT Cloud Condensation Nuclei Counter for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saudi Arabia field project was funded by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through a contract with Weather housing. Don't try to tighten the metal fitting on the pump housing. #12;Hard Places to Find Leaks Saudi Operator Manual Rev D page 45. March 22, 2009 Saudi Arabia Down to 450 mb, climb to 500 mb took 311 seconds

Delene, David J.

391

9 April 2009 Case Study: Current Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saudi Arabia field project was funded by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through a contract with Weather Radar Display Riyadh Saudi Arabia 9 April 2009 13:19:40 Aircraft Track #12;9 April 2009 Flight Liquid water content equivalent (1 Hz data) at 18,000 ft measured by 2-DC probe on a research flight in Saudi

Delene, David J.

392

Global Report International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- lic of Palau, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, United

Richner, Heinz

393

Changing Climate and Overgrazing Are Decimating Mongolian Steppes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, 6 Fenner School of Environment & Society, The Australian National

Evans, Jason

394

E-Print Network Topics: J  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

kuwait malaysia jordan lebanon libyan jordan mexico poland jordan middle east jordan oil shale jordan prevalence pattern jordan river israel jordan syria tunisia jordan valley...

395

SAFETY SERIES No.75-INSAG-4 INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

INDIA INDONESIA IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAQ IRELAND ISRAEL ITALY JAMAICA JAPAN JORDAN KENYA KOREA, REPUBLIC OF KUWAIT LEBANON LIBERIA LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA LIECHTENSTEIN...

396

--No Title--  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia...

397

Middle East & North Africa  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Eastern Mediterranean brief Iran brief | data Iraq brief | data Israel notes & data Jordan notes & data Kuwait brief | data Lebanon notes & data Oman brief | data Qatar brief |...

398

Geothermal Technologies Office: Download GETEM, August 2012 Beta  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Indonesia Irak Iran Ireland Ireland, Northern Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Liechtenstein Lithuania...

399

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh egypt Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2011 Summary: , Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Egypt, Eritrea, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya Source: Capecchi, Mario R. - Department of Biology, University...

400

Eia.gov BETA - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

IEC documents | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Hungary IADB Iceland IEA IFC India Indonesia Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Lithuania Malaysia Mexico Moldova Mongolia...

402

DEVELOPING SAFETY CULTURE IN NUCLEAR ACTIVITIES Practical Suggestions  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

INDIA INDONESIA IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAQ IRELAND ISRAEL ITALY JAMAICA JAPAN JORDAN KAZAKHSTAN KENYA KOREA, REPUBLIC OF KUWAIT LATVIA LEBANON LIBERIA LIBYAN ARAB...

403

Status of U.S. Nuclear Outages - U.S. Energy Information Administratio...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia...

404

INSAG-15 Key Practical Issues  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

INDIA INDONESIA IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAQ IRELAND ISRAEL ITALY JAMAICA JAPAN JORDAN KAZAKHSTAN KENYA KOREA, REPUBLIC OF KUWAIT LATVIA LEBANON LIBERIA LIBYAN ARAB...

405

The role of aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) in sustainbility.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Kuwait is an arid country situated at the head of the Arabian Gulf and its water resources can be classified into three significant types: (1) (more)

AlRukaibi, Duaij

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

International Law and the War in Iraq  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and sanctions regime against Iraq and Kuwait); SC Res. 662 (Resolution 678, which gave Iraq until January 15, 1991, toto bring charges against Iraq for its violations of

Yoo, John C.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gas Russia National Welfare Pension Fund Reserve Oil QatarQatar Investment Savings Authority Oil Investmentoil prices of that time period, Norway, Qatar and Kuwait had

Ugwuibe, Cynthia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Oil revenue of the Arabian gulf Emirates: patterns of allocation and impact on economic development.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The study aims to analyse the oil revenue, its allocational pattern and impact on economic development in Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and the UAE from the (more)

Al-Kuwari, Ali Khalifa

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Lakes, groundwater and palaeohydrology in the Sahel of NE Nigeria: evidence from hydrogeochemistry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...contains significant renewable groundwater resources...improved management of the renewable waters in the shallow...International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna. Technical...Cooling of tropical Brazil (5C) during the last...contains significant renewable groundwater resources...

W. M. EDMUNDS; E. FELLMAN; I. B. GONI

410

Fish remains (Elasmobranchii, Actinopterygii) from the Late Cretaceous of1 the Benue Trough, Nigeria2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fish remains (Elasmobranchii, Actinopterygii) from the Late Cretaceous of1 the Benue Trough address: romain.vullo@univ-rennes1.fr9 10 Abstract11 Selachian and ray-finned fish remains from various Cenomanian­early Turonian and25 Maastrichtian) created opportunities for the dispersal of many marine fish

411

Radioactivity and dose assessment of marble samples from Igbeti mines, Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Vienna. The detection efficiency calibration of the system was carried out using a reference standard gamma source prepared by Rocketdyne Laboratories, Canoga Park, CA, USA, which is traceable to a mixed standard gamma source (No. 48722-356) by Atlantic......

Augustine Kolapo Ademola; Olaide Sakiru Hammed; Caleb Adeniyi Adejumobi

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Annual effective dose due to natural radionuclides in building blocks in eight cities of Southwestern Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......sealed. The equipment was calibrated against reference sample with known activity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K (Rocketdyne Laboratories, CA). The following gamma transitions were used: 226Ra, 1.760 MeV (214Bi); 232Th, 2.614 MeV (208Tl......

J. A. Ademola; I. P. Farai

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Towards effective regulation of offshore oil and gas waste management in Nigeria.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The development of the offshore oil and gas industry has been going on for many decades with little thought of the consequences of its activities (more)

Ofuani, Anwuli Irene

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Profil de poste Reprsentant (e) de l'IRD au Bnin, Ghana, Nigeria et Togo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ISO 9001 et qui dispose d'une régie, emploie 10 personnels locaux permanents et accueille le bureau du

415

Evaluation of the wind energy potential of two south west sites in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind resource assessment is a crucial first step in gauging the potential of a site to produce energy from wind turbines. In this paper, the wind energy potential of Abeokuta (0703?N, 0319?E) and Ijebu-Ode (...

Olaleye M. Amoo

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

BPA and Environmental Estrogen in Potable Water Sources in Enugu Municipality, South-East, Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

BPA and environmental estrogen levels were assayed in ... 02?g/L respectively. Also, the mean BPA levels (?g/L) in the different...p=0.0227) in BPA levels between the harvested rain water and...

C. Maduka Ignatius; E. Ezeonu Francis

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Inefficient subsidy in Nigerian oil sector; implications for revenue generation and household welfare in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Subsidy exists when consumers are assisted by the government to pay less than the prevailing market price of a given commodity. In respect of fuel subsidy, it means that consumers would pay below the market price per litre of petroleum product. This paper is aim at analysing the effects of the increase in energy prices on the social welfare of Nigerian households and comparing the consequences with the condition in which in concurrence with increase in energy prices, the government undertakes transfer payments to Nigerian households in order to protect their social welfare status. An analytical reasoning model was adopted and within the framework of this model the effects of increase in energy price on social welfare is discussed. Decrease in energy subsidies and a shift towards market prices will result in a lower budget deficit for the government and powerfully harness one of the main causes of inflation. However, if the elimination of subsidies be accompanied by transfer payments to households, the result is increase in the government budget deficit which in its turn will enhance inflation thus very negatively affecting social welfare.

Benjamin Anabori Mmadu; David Chuks Akan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

pmm.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 7 U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly December 2013 Table 22. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country (Dollars per Barrel) Year Month Selected Countries Persian Gulf a Total OPEC b Non OPEC Angola Canada Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1985 .............................. 27.39 25.71 - 25.63 28.96 24.72 28.36 24.43 25.50 26.86 26.53 1986 .............................. 14.09 13.43 12.85 12.17 15.29 12.84 14.63 11.52 12.92 13.46 13.52 1987 .............................. 18.20 17.04 18.43 16.69 19.32 16.81 18.78 15.76 17.47 17.64 17.66 1988 .............................. 14.48 13.50 14.47 12.58 15.88 13.37 15.82 13.66 13.51 14.18 13.96 1989 .............................. 18.36 16.81 18.10 16.35 19.19 17.34 18.74 16.78 17.37 17.78 17.54 1990 ..............................

419

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 3 Table 5.7 Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, Selected Years, 1960-2011 Year Persian Gulf 2 Selected OPEC 1 Countries Selected Non-OPEC 1 Countries Total Net Imports Total Net Imports as Share of Consumption 5 Net Imports From OPEC 1 Algeria Nigeria Saudi Arabia 3 Venezuela Total OPEC 4 Canada Mexico United Kingdom U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico Total Non-OPEC 4 Share of Total Net Imports 6 Share of Consumption 7 Thousand Barrels per Day Percent 1960 NA 8 ( ) 9 ( ) 84 910 1,232 86 -2 -12 34 381 1,613 16.5 76.4 12.6 1965 NA 8 ( ) 9 ( ) 158 994 1,438 297 21 -11 45 843 2,281 19.8 63.0 12.5 1970 NA 8 9 ( ) 30 989 1,294 736 9 -1 270 1,867 3,161 21.5 40.9 8.8 1971 NA 15 102 128 1,019 1,671 831 -14 1 365 2,030 3,701 24.3 45.1 11.0 1972 NA 92 251 189 959 2,044 1,082 -20 -1 428 2,475 4,519 27.6 45.2 12.5 1973 NA 136 459 485 1,134 2,991 1,294 -28 6 426

420

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country (Dollars per Barrel) Year Month Selected Countries Persian Gulf a Total OPEC b Non OPEC Angola Canada Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1983 ............................. 29.31 25.63 - 25.78 30.85 29.27 30.87 22.94 29.37 29.84 28.08 1984 ............................. 28.49 26.56 - 26.85 30.36 29.20 29.45 25.19 29.07 29.06 28.14 1985 ............................. 27.39 25.71 - 25.63 28.96 24.72 28.36 24.43 25.50 26.86 26.53 1986 ............................. 14.09 13.43 12.85 12.17 15.29 12.84 14.63 11.52 12.92 13.46 13.52 1987 ............................. 18.20 17.04 18.43 16.69 19.32 16.81 18.78 15.76 17.47 17.64 17.66 1988 ............................. 14.48 13.50 14.47 12.58 15.88 13.37 15.82 13.66 13.51 14.18 13.96 1989 .............................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

F.O.B. F.O.B. a Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country (Dollars per Barrel) Year Month Selected Countries Persian Gulf b Total OPEC c Non OPEC Angola Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1983 ............................. 28.14 - 25.20 29.81 27.53 29.91 21.48 27.70 28.46 27.20 1984 ............................. 27.46 - 26.39 29.51 27.67 28.87 24.23 27.48 27.79 27.45 1985 ............................. 26.30 - 25.33 28.04 22.04 27.64 23.64 23.31 25.67 25.96 1986 ............................. 13.30 12.34 11.84 14.35 11.36 13.84 10.92 11.35 12.21 12.87 1987 ............................. 17.27 17.84 16.36 18.47 15.12 18.28 15.08 15.97 16.43 16.99 1988 ............................. 13.70 13.61 12.18 15.16 12.16 14.80 12.96 12.38 13.43 13.05 1989 ............................. 17.66 17.89

422

F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Area  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Area Area (Dollars per Barrel) Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Average 95.56 96.20 96.22 101.37 102.04 101.99 1973-2013 Persian Gulf 100.50 98.46 97.42 101.21 104.10 103.15 1996-2013 Total OPEC 98.68 98.72 98.45 102.36 103.70 104.01 1973-2013 Non OPEC 93.04 94.06 94.58 100.56 100.69 100.54 1973-2013 Selected Countries Angola W 103.46 103.67 W W 113.86 1996-2013 Colombia 99.58 98.97 98.56 102.20 105.59 103.16 1996-2013 Mexico 99.95 99.21 97.16 101.27 100.97 100.60 1975-2013 Nigeria W 106.45 W W 111.28 W 1973-2013 Saudi Arabia W W W W W 103.45 1973-2013

423

Word Pro - S9.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly Energy Review November 2013 Monthly Energy Review November 2013 Table 9.2 F.O.B. Costs of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries (Dollars a per Barrel) Selected Countries Persian Gulf Nations b Total OPEC c Total Non-OPEC c Angola Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1973 Average d ................. W W - 7.81 3.25 - 5.39 3.68 5.43 4.80 1975 Average .................. 10.97 - 11.44 11.82 10.87 - 11.04 10.88 11.34 10.62 1980 Average .................. 33.45 W 31.06 35.93 28.17 34.36 24.81 28.92 32.21 32.85 1985 Average .................. 26.30 - 25.33 28.04 22.04 27.64 23.64 23.31 25.67 25.96 1990 Average .................. 20.23 20.75 19.26 22.46 20.36 23.43 19.55 18.54 20.40 20.32 1995 Average .................. 16.58 16.73 15.64 17.40 W 16.94 13.86 W 15.36 16.02 2000 Average .................. 27.90 29.04 25.39 28.70

424

Word Pro - S9.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 Table 9.3 Landed Costs of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries (Dollars a per Barrel) Selected Countries Persian Gulf Nations b Total OPEC c Total Non-OPEC c Angola Canada Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1973 Average d ............... W 5.33 W - 9.08 5.37 - 5.99 5.91 6.85 5.64 1975 Average ................ 11.81 12.84 - 12.61 12.70 12.50 - 12.36 12.64 12.70 12.70 1980 Average ................ 34.76 30.11 W 31.77 37.15 29.80 35.68 25.92 30.59 33.56 33.99 1985 Average ................ 27.39 25.71 - 25.63 28.96 24.72 28.36 24.43 25.50 26.86 26.53 1990 Average ................ 21.51 20.48 22.34 19.64 23.33 21.82 22.65 20.31 20.55 21.23 20.98 1995 Average ................ 17.66 16.65 17.45 16.19 18.25 16.84 17.91 14.81 16.78 16.61 16.95 2000 Average ................ 29.57 26.69 29.68 26.03 30.04

425

Predicting PVT data for CO2brine mixtures for black-oil simulation of CO2 geological storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

trapping mechanism. In the petroleum industry, compositional reservoir simu- lators use EOS thermodynamic Leonenko a a Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, University of Calgary, Canada b Department of Petroleum Engineering, Kuwait University, Kuwait 1. Introduction The sequestration of anthropogenic CO2

Santos, Juan

426

Research Article Evaluation of changes in the Kuwaiti prawn fishery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Introduction Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990. The Iraqis released 6­8 million barrels of crude oil into the Arabian and 500 km of coastline were covered by oil (Al-Yamani et al., 1993). The Iraqis also set 604 of Kuwait's oil wells on fire (Al-Awadi, 1992). The oil well fires lasted for eight months, and the conse- quent

Chen, Yong

427

SPECTRUM OF SIGNALS VU KIM TUAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a finite-energy signal, and ^f is the signal frequency content. If the signal frequency content ^f vanishes, Kuwait University P.O. Box 5969, Safat 13060, Kuwait. Abstract. Finite-energy high frequency signals the bandwidth of the signal. Conversely, if the signal frequency content ^f vanishes a.e. on a band

Tuan, Vu

428

3. (2) ---(TOEFL ITP)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Mauritius, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Puerto Rico

429

Academic Success Centre Room 10-2584  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. objections, there is the question of whether it can be done by overflying Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf be preempted by overflying Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf, by going through the Red Sea to the Arabian Sea

Northern British Columbia, University of

430

Underwriter Medical Insurance Al Rajhi Company for Cooperative Insurance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Dammam with a plan to open more offices in different cities in Saudi Arabia. About the Company See more

Omar, Mohammad H.

431

Marginal Cost of Steam and Power from Cogeneration Systems Using a Rational Value-Allocation Procedure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Gwaiz, BS EE Energy Conservation Engineer Saudi Aramco, Ras Tanura, Saudi Arabia majid.gwaiz@aramco.com ABSTRACT The problem of pricing steam and power from cogeneration systems has confounded engineers, economists, and accountants for a very... MARGINAL COST OF STEAM AND POWER FROM COGENERATION SYSTEMS USING A RATIONAL VALUE-ALLOCATION PROCEDURE Jimmy D Kumana, MS ChE Energy Conservation Specialist Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia jimmy.kumana@aramco.com Majid M Al...

Kumana, J. D.; Al-Gwaiz, M. M.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Zong-Liang Yang CV Page 1 of 39 Curriculum Vitae for Dr. Zong-Liang Yang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

within China. NOAA/National Weather Service Office of Hydrologic Development (OHD) Hydrology Graduate Resources in Saudi Arabia,

Texas at Austin, University of

433

Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela) account for roughly 77% of the worlds proven oil

O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 359 Oct@fiu.edu and Anwar H. Joarder Department of Mathematical Sciences King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

Joarder, Anwar H

435

Integrated Core-based Sequence Stratigraphy, Chemostratigraphy and Diagenesis of the Lower Cretaceous (BarremianAptian), Biyadh and Shu'aiba Formations, a Giant Oil Field, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the resolution of biostratigraphy; they were also used as a geochronology tool for correlating between wells and across platform to basin transitions. The Biyadh Formation consists of one 3rd-order sequence of four high-frequency sequences (S1-S4). S1 and S2...

Alghamdi, Nasser Mohammad S.

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

436

SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project: King Faisal University. Design analysis study. Volume 1. Design review report, data acquisition plan and experimental plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Four preliminary passive solar dwelling design concepts were developed based upon previously established climatic design criteria and an identification of applicable passive cooling strategies was made. These were quantitatively compared for their thermal performance based upon a computer program. The selected concept was optimized and preliminary construction drawings and details were submitted for review by SOLERAS. This report deals with the further refinement and development of the design concept and improvements of the performance of the selected passive elements. The final design has been detailed for actual construction and monitoring at the King Faisal University Dammam Campus. In addition this report addresses the comparative evaluation of the previous design concepts utilizing more rigorous computer simulation methods.

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

ATTITUDES OF FEMALE FACULTY TOWARD THE USE OF COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES AND THE BARRIERS THAT LIMIT THEIR USE OF TECHNOLOGIES IN GIRLS COLLEGES IN SAUDI ARABIA.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The purpose of this study was to examine female faculty members use of computer technologies, their attitudes toward computers, the factors that best predict (more)

Almuqayteeb, Taghreed Abdulaziz

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

This work is supported by the National Plan for Science and Technology, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia under project number 10-INF1044-02.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, first, WLD histogram is extracted from normalized face images. Then Kruskal-Wallis feature selection

Bebis, George

439

Measuring Compensation from Credit Reporting Damage: A Comparison of Islamic, Saudi, and American Law in Light of Credit Information Reporting Acts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.2.6. Public Safety ... 26 1.2.7. Payment Behavior Change . 26 1.2.8. Reduction of Loan Losses .. 27 1.2.9. Growth and Mobility of Workforce 27 1.2.10. Enhancement of Domestic and International... or Non-Existence of Facts: Istishab 36 2.1.9. Unrestricted Public Interest: Masalih Al-Mursalah .. 37 2.1.10. Blocking Means that May Result in Evil: Sadd Al Dharai ... 38 2.2. Textual Semantic of Command and Ban . 38 2...

Alhaidary, Mansour

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

440

Establishing cytogenetic biodosimetry laboratory in Saudi Arabia and producing preliminary calibration curve of dicentric chromosomes as biomarker for medical dose estimation in response to radiation emergencies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In cases of individual radiation overexposure, it is important to provide suitable dose assessment, medical triage, diagnoses and treatment ... for effective medical management of a suspected acute radiation over...

Khaled Al-Hadyan; Sara Elewisy; Belal Moftah; Mohamed Shoukri; Awad Alzahrany

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Growth, destruction and facies architecture of effusive and explosive volcanics in the Miocene Shama basin, southwest of Saudi Arabia: Subaqueoussubaerial volcanism in a lacustrine setting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Harrat Shama Volcanic Basin (HSVB) is a part of a small, well-exposed intra-continental extensional basin that formed during the opening of the Red Sea, containing 5km of Miocene bimodal volcanics and volcaniclastic rocks. The Shama basin accumulated a thick fluvio-lacustrine fill in which two distinct volcanic sequences and their deposits can overlap with each other. In addition, complete facies architectures of the Shama volcanics have been recognized providing a complex mixed siliciclastic and volcaniclastic basin infill in the respective basin where volcanism took place. The lower sequence is composed of hyaloclastites, zeolite-bearing bedded tuffs, and bedded accretionary-lapilli-tuffs and an upper sequence, is made up of pumiceous lapilli-tuffs and peperitic breccias capped by basaltic lava flows. The former is interpreted to have been dominated by discrete, phreatomagmatic fall deposits, which are attributed to an overall high eruption rate in a lacustrine setting, followed by a dominantly subaerial pumiceous lapilli tuff deposits and volcaniclastic sediments sited in the upper part of the basin with paleosols and/or fluvial deposits in between the two sequences. These deposits could be related to polygenetic volcanoes and tectonic structures, such as faults and rift-zones. These two sequences display a complex succession of effusive and explosive volcanisms and their reworked deposits, with abundant evidences of magmawater interaction such as peperites for non-explosive magmawater interaction with the lacustrine water-saturated sediment and standing water body in a lake environment. The difference eruption dynamics and fragmentation mechanisms between the two sequences reflect progressive environmental changes from subaqueous or watery to subaerial or dry. Fluvial erosion and deposition completed the evolution of the emergent marginal part of the Shama basin. The Shama basin then experienced volcano growth and degradation that formed the two sequences; NW-SE-trending basement faulting triggered multiple flank collapses and volcanic debris avalanches, and voluminous pumiceous lapilli-tuff eruptions produced a caldera (upper sequence). Lacustrine conditions persisted during the destruction and post-destruction stages of the volcano's evolution, as evidenced by magmawater interactions. Shama basin is a small-volume volcano, similar to tuff rings; however, its magma compositions, complex eruption styles, and inter-eruptive breaks suggest, that it closely resembles a volcanic architecture commonly associated with large, composite volcanoes. The main cause of such complex eruptive behavior resides in the stratigraphic, structural, and hydrogeological characteristics of the substrate above which the volcanoes were emplaced, rather than on the compositional characteristics of the erupting magma, which do not show significant variation among the different deposits.

A. Abdel Motelib; E.A. Khalaf; H. Al-Marzouki

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations of Unusually High Cloud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saudi Arabia field project was funded by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through a contract with Weather Concentrations in Saudi Arabia David J. Delene Atmospheric Sciences Department University of North Dakota #12;Research Motivation for Weather Modification Water Resource Stresses Severe Weather Hazards Inadvertent

Delene, David J.

443

A41E-0166: Measurements of the Statistical Relationship between Cloud Base Aerosols and Cloud Droplet Concentrations David J Delene, University of North Dakota (delene@aero.und.edu; http://aerosol.atmos.und.edu)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Saudi Arabia, North Dakota and Mali are analyzed to determine the relationship of below cloud base during the 2007 rainy season in Mali were generally lower than in North Dakota and Saudi Arabia or dust. Saudi Arabia has high aerosol concentration, lots of dust (> 1 µm), and higher cloud droplet

Delene, David J.

444

DR. DAVID J. DELENE ASSISTANT RESEARCH PROFESSOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zealand, West Africa and Saudi Arabia. RESEARCH INTERESTS: Atmospheric aerosols, cloud physics, weather: Current Research Projects Weather Modification Research in Saudi Arabia The project's goal is to access the microphysics of precipitation formation in the Saudi Arabia region. Airborne measurements of aerosol and cloud

Delene, David J.

445

Seabed Mlinerals and the Law of the Sea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...jurisdiction of Saudi Arabia and Sudan) and nodules in the northeastern...CORLISS, J.B., SUBMARINE THERMAL SPRINGS ON THE GALAPAGOS RIFT...jurisdiction of Saudi Arabia and Sudan) and nodules in the northeastern...jurisdiction of Saudi Arabia and Sudan) and nodules in the northeastern...

V. E. McKelvey

1980-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

446

Kuwaiti oil sector shows more signs of recovery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that Kuwait's oil sector continues to show signs of recovery from the Persian Gulf war. On Mar. 23 Kuwait Petroleum Co. (KPC) loaded the country's first shipment of liquefied petroleum gas for export since the Iraqi invasion in August 1990. In addition, the first shipment of Kuwaiti crude recovered from giant oil lakes formed by hundreds of wild wells sabotaged in the war was to arrive by tanker in Naples, Italy, late last month. The tanker is carrying 210,000 bbl of crude. However, the project to clean up the lakes and recover more oil, undertaken by Bechtel Corp. with Kuwait Oil Co. (KOC), has reached a stand still.

Not Available

1992-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

447

Oil/gas separator for installation at burning wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An oil/gas separator is disclosed that can be utilized to return the burning wells in Kuwait to production. Advantageously, a crane is used to install the separator at a safe distance from the well. The gas from the well is burned off at the site, and the oil is immediately pumped into Kuwait`s oil gathering system. Diverters inside the separator prevent the oil jet coming out of the well from reaching the top vents where the gas is burned. The oil falls back down, and is pumped from an annular oil catcher at the bottom of the separator, or from the concrete cellar surrounding the well.

Alonso, C.T.; Bender, D.A.; Bowman, B.R. [and others

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

448

The Relations of Terror and Immigration: Preventive Solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

policy has aggravated these situations. In the case of Saudi Arabia, historic imperialism has occurred with the help of international interests in oil, the corrupt Saudi monarchy, Saudi Arabia?s overconfidence in oil revenues beginning with 1973 oil... in 1984, at the insistence of the U.S. and the IMF, Saudi Arabia agreed to slow its oil production to curb the oil price crisis. Saudi Arabia?s revenues, however, took a plunge due to this effort and plunged even further when the country began producing...

Ryder, Frances I.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Speciation study of the heavy metals in commercially available recharge cards coatings in Nigeria and the health implication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work assessed levels of heavy metals exposure from silver coatings of mobile phones recharge cards of three major companies (designated as A, B and C) with price denominations 100, 200 and 400 from companies A, B and C respectively, which were carefully scratched using a plastic scraper into a glass tube. The coatings were acid digested for total metal concentration, while speciation experiment for Mn, Cu, Cd and Pb was carried out. Total metals and speciation analysis were done using AAS and XRF techniques. The total metal concentration from XRF analysis was in the range: Ca (702140?g/g), K (204930?g/g), Sc (80270?g/g), Ti (153012,580?g/g), Fe (506660?g/g), Ni (202040?g/g), Cu (20850?g/g) and Zn (40460?g/g). Cr had the lowest concentration (10?g/g) in A ( 400) while Ti had the highest concentration (12,580?g/g) in C ( 500) for all the coatings analyzed. AAS and XRF results agreed closely except for Fe with higher concentration. A ( 100) contained high concentration of the metals compared with others. Speciation study identified Mn as the most mobile element when present in the environment.

Abolanle S. Adekunle; John A.O. Oyekunle; Suliat O. Baruwa; Aderemi O. Ogunfowokan; Eno E. Ebenso

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Household catastrophic payments for tuberculosis care in Nigeria: incidence, determinants, and policy implications for universal health coverage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and policy implications for universal health coverage.four important implications for health policymakers. First,in china: policy implications of universal health insurance.

Ukwaja, Kingsley; Alobu, Isaac; Abimbola, Seye; Hopewell, Philip

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Measurement of 238U, 232Th and 40K in boreholes at Gosa and Lugbe, Abuja, north central Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......boreholes to augment public water supplies which...beneath the 300 areas, Hanford Site, Washington...partners Coordinating Meeting, Daily Triumph Newspaper...Geol. Surv. of Nig. Public. 11-43. 17 Caby R...Soc. Lond. Speci. Public. (2008) 294:121-136......

Omeje Maxwell; Husin Wagiran; Noorddin Ibrahim; Siak Kuan Lee; Soheil Sabri

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Measurement of 238U, 232Th and 40K in boreholes at Gosa and Lugbe, Abuja, north central Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......GC2018 with Genie-2000 software. The detector...ionising radiation. (2000) United Nations...beneath the 300 areas, Hanford Site, Washington...partners Coordinating Meeting, Daily Triumph Newspaper...Surv. of Nig. Public. 11-43. 17 Caby...Lond. Speci. Public. (2008) 294......

Omeje Maxwell; Husin Wagiran; Noorddin Ibrahim; Siak Kuan Lee; Soheil Sabri

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Soil radioactivity and radiation absorbed dose rates at roadsides in high-traffic density areas in Ibadan metropolis, southwestern Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......under the spectrum of the radionuclide in the standard reference sample. The standard reference soil sample prepared from Rocketdyne Laboratories (CA) is traceable to a mixed standard gamma source (Ref. No. 48722-356) by Analytic Inc. (Atlanta......

N. N. Jibiri; O. S. Bankole

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Gamma activity and radiation dose in concrete building blocks used for construction of dwellings in Jos, Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......IAEA-RGU-1. The detection efficiency calibration of the detector was performed using a reference soil sample prepared by Rocketdyne Laboratories, CA, which is traceable to a mixed standard gamma source (No. 48772-356, from Analytic Inc., Atlanta......

J. A. Ademola; I. P. Farai

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Radiological risk assessment of natural radionuclides in sand collected from some beaches along the coastline of southwestern Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......has a resolution of 8% at an energy of 0.662 MeV (137Cs). The equipment was calibrated against reference source from Rocketdyne Laboratories, CA, USA. The following gamma transitions were used: 40K, 1.461 MeV; 226Ra, 1.760 MeV (214Bi) and......

J. A. Ademola; C. O. Nwafor

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Activity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in brands of fertilisers used in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......parent nuclides under the conditions of radioactive equilibrium. The standard reference soil sample used was prepared from Rocketdyne Laboratories, California, USA and a National Institute of Standards and Technology certified mixed standard gamma source......

N. N. Jibiri; K. P. Fasae

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Techno-economic and environmental evaluation of demand side management techniques for rural electrification in Ibadan, Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

According to the United Nation Development Programme, access to modern low-cost energy systems in developing countries is important in the realization of the globally agreed developmental goals, as well as the M...

Tolulope O. Akinbulire

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Development and Implementation of a Composite Model for Wave, Circulation, and Sediment Processes in Ibaka Deep Seaport in Nigeria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for economic empowerment of both local residents and the state. This study has three segments: field experiments, numerical experiments and data analyses. NearCoM-?TVD was chosen as the base model for this study because of its efficiency, accuracy...

Paul, Ephraim Udo

2014-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

459

Measurement of 238U, 232Th and 40K in boreholes at Gosa and Lugbe, Abuja, north central Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......concentrations at Site A borehole for 238U have a mean...concentrations at Site B borehole for 238U have a mean...earth crust which to a large extent constitute the...sources come from the borehole/aquifer-bearing...treatment and during drilling processes; it cuts......

Omeje Maxwell; Husin Wagiran; Noorddin Ibrahim; Siak Kuan Lee; Soheil Sabri

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Activity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in brands of fertilisers used in Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......ng 1 Radiation and Health Physics Research...natural nutrients depleted from soil due to...fertilisers containing uranium are ways in which...Handling of radium and uranium contaminated waste...fertilizer components. Health Phys. (2004) 86...Radiation and Health Physics Research......

N. N. Jibiri; K. P. Fasae

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Potential and economic viability of standalone hybrid systems for a rural community of Sokoto, North-west Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An assessment of the potential and economic viability of standalone hybrid systems for an off-grid rural community of ... Meteorological Department, Oshodi, Lagos (daily mean wind speeds, and daily global solar r...

O. D. Ohijeagbon; Oluseyi. O. Ajayi

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Measurement of 238U, 232Th and 40K in boreholes at Gosa and Lugbe, Abuja, north central Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......relating the available resources to demand, the population searching for...recent times. The increase in demand for water has led to compulsory...partners Coordinating Meeting, Daily Triumph Newspaper. Global progress...soil in Nile Delta and Middle Egypt. Health Phys. (1993) 4......

Omeje Maxwell; Husin Wagiran; Noorddin Ibrahim; Siak Kuan Lee; Soheil Sabri

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Geotechnical, Geological, and Hydrologic Characterization of a 52km Electrical Power Transmission Line Alignment Route in Southeastern Nigeria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 132 kVA electrical transmission line has been proposed to connect the towns ... hydrological study was performed to geotechnically characterize the route alignment and to provide data for design of the foundati...

A. O. Ilori; N. U. Essien; A. E. Edet

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

30 ENGINEERING & SCIENCE WI NTE R 2012 Whether processing radar signals in Norway or assessing rock properties in Nigeria, Calte  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

deeply into basic physics to solve problems. Oslo, Norway, José Navarro, PhD '94, Astronomy José Navarro, Navarro integrates radar into systems for maritime traffic services. Since radar installations are usually

465

Landed Costs of Imported Crude by Area  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Average Landed Cost 67.97 93.33 60.23 76.50 102.92 101.00 1973-2012 Persian Gulf 69.83 93.59 62.15 78.60 108.01 107.74 1973-2012 Total OPEC 71.14 95.49 61.90 78.28 107.84 107.56 1973-2012 Non OPEC 63.96 90.59 58.58 74.68 98.64 95.05 1973-2012 Selected Countries Canada 60.38 90.00 57.60 72.80 89.92 84.24 1973-2012 Colombia 70.91 93.43 58.50 74.25 102.57 107.07 1973-2012 Angola 71.27 98.18 61.32 80.61 114.05 114.95 1973-2012 Mexico 62.31 85.97 57.35 72.86 101.21 102.45 1973-2012 Nigeria 78.01 104.83 68.01 83.14 116.43 116.88 1973-2012 Saudi Arabia 70.78 94.75 62.14 79.29 108.83 108.15 1973-2012 United Kingdom 72.47 96.95 63.87 80.29 118.45 W 1973-2012 Venezuela

466

105(scaled land 215%)7-22-05  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Guatemala Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon C A N A D A U N I T E D S T A T...

467

Improving the Water Efficiency of Cooling Production System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For most of the time, cooling towers (CTs) of cooling systems operate under partial load conditions and by regulating the air circulation with a variable frequency drive (VFD), significant reduction in the fan power can be achieved. In Kuwait...

Maheshwari, G.; Al-Hadban, Y.; Al-Taqi, H. H.; Alasseri, R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Cooling Tower Operation in the Hot and Humid Climates of Arid Zones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the performance of the A/C system, increases the fan power and water consumption. The latter is of special concern to Kuwait and other countries in the region where the soft water is produced through seawater desalination....

Al-Bassam, E.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Sebzali, M.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Applications of COSMIC to Meteorology and Climate Richard A. Anthes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the response of the global atmosphere to regional events such as volcanic eruptions, the Kuwait oil fires and physical adjustment mechanisms, the wind fields as well. These improved analyses and forecasts will provide

470

THE HUMAN ANIMAL Unlearning what nature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the Iraqi border in 1991 precisely because Kuwait had oil that Iraq coveted. But knowing that war common triggers are the desires or needs for territory, resources, or mates. Ants are a well

Starks, Philip

471

9 0 A S T R O N O M Y N O W / J U N 2 0 0 2 he current debate over missile defence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saddam Hussein, who set fire to the oil wells in Kuwait and caused an environmental disaster hazardous for peaceful as well as military purposes. Every bit of debris in orbit higher than about 800 km

California at Santa Cruz, University of

472

Glenda Romn Geographic Mapping Technologies, Corp.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Solar Energy Potential Washington Tropical Cyclones National Hurricane Center Weather Monitoring U Conservation Social Conflicts Energy Education Agriculture Economic Recovery Pollution Water Resources & Pipelines Mexico Oil & Gas Leases Gulf of Mexico Well Production Canada Petroleum Resources Kuwait Forest

Gilbes, Fernando

473

Uranium extremophily is an adaptive, rather than intrinsic, feature for extremely thermoacidophilic Metallosphaera species  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2005 ) Oxidation states of uranium in depleted uranium particles from Kuwait . J Environ...HDTR-09-0300 and National Institutes of Health Grant R01 GM090209-01. The...Supporting Information (PDF) Uranium extremophily is an adaptive...

Arpan Mukherjee; Garrett H. Wheaton; Paul H. Blum; Robert M. Kelly

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

An overview of reservoir quality in producing Cretaceous strata of the Middle East  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...geochemical studies of Cretaceous carbonate rocks, Ain Zalah oilfield, north Iraq. Journal of...Middle East models of Jurassic/Cretaceous carbonate systems. SEPM...Limestone, greater Burgan oilfield, Kuwait. Geologische Rundschau...

Stephen N. Ehrenberg; Adnan A. M. Aqrawi; Paul H. Nadeau

475

An overview of reservoir quality in producing Cretaceous strata of the Middle East  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Cretaceous carbonate rocks, Ain Zalah oilfield, north Iraq. Journal of Petroleum...Mauddud Limestone, greater Burgan oilfield, Kuwait. Geologische Rundschau...examples from Abu Dhabi and the Amu Darya Basin. Marine and Petroleum Geology...

Stephen N. Ehrenberg; Adnan A. M. Aqrawi; Paul H. Nadeau

476

Importance of Design Conditions for Sizing Air-Conditioning Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design conditions based on the meteorological data collected at two weather stations located less than 10 km away from each other within Kuwait City are presented for dry-bulb temperature (DBT) and web-bulb temperature (WBT) prioritization...

Shaban, N.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Suri, R. K.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Positive pressure induced channeled suction cups  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Leaking in water pipe is a critical issue in Middle Eastern countries such as Kuwait where water is scarce. In-pipe robots can be dispatched to discover the network and inspect the inner surface of the pipe. This thesis ...

Yang, Shannon X. (Shannon Xuan)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

TABLE23.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

II-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC ... 6,219 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait...

479

Technical and Energy Assessment of Building Integrated Photovoltaic Systems applied to the UAE Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-33586 Page 936. Available at: http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy03osti/35645.pdf . ESL-IC-10-10-40 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 ... of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 References [1] Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Company (ADWEC). 2009. See: http://www.adwec.ae/maps_graphs/ [2] Kumar K, Sharma SD, Jain L, 2007. Stand...

Radhi, H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

First mideast capacity planned  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Kuwait catalyst Co.`s (KCC) plans to build a hydrodesulfurization (HDS) catalysts plant in Kuwait will mark the startup of the first refining catalysts production in the Persian Gulf region. KCC, owned by a conglomerate of Kuwait companies and governmental agencies, has licensed catalyst manufacturing technology from Japan Energy in a deal estimated at more than 7 billion ($62 million). Plant design will be based on technology from Orient Catalyst, Japan Energy`s catalysts division. Construction is expected to begin in January 1997 for production startup by January 1998. A source close to the deal says the new plant will eventually reach a capacity of 5,000 m.t./year of HDS catalysts to supply most of Kuwait`s estimated 3,500-m.t./year demand, driven primarily by Kuwait National Petroleum refineries. KCC also expects to supply demand from other catalyst consumers in the region. Alumina supply will be acquired on the open market. KCC will take all production from the plant and will be responsible for marketing.

Fattah, H.

1996-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kuwait nigeria saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

ROAD RAIDERS SAVE TRAVEL NETWORK (Listed alpha by country, state, city)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mexico (871) 750-6707 (871) 727-2275 TITILOLA OJUTIKU Port Harcourt Nigeria (234) 847-6254 2348033099030

Rock, Chris

482

Identification of Market Requirements of Smart Buildings Technologies for High Rise Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an indication on the utilization level of smart office buildings in Saudi Arabia compared to the current practices in developed countries....

Reffat, R. M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Secretary Bodman to Travel to the Middle East to Advance International...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

efficiency. Secretary Bodman will depart on Monday, January 14, 2008 and travel to Jordan, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Egypt. "To increase global energy...

484

Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman's Remarks to the Washington Institute...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

to build a sustainable energy future. Several countries, including Saudi Arabia and Jordan, have launched national and regional energy efficiency initiatives focusing on...

485

Secretary Bodman Meets with Egyptian President Mubarak to Highlight...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

in Egypt, Secretary Bodman took part in energy dialogues with global leaders in Jordan, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Qatar to enhance the United States'...

486

gpc3302.tmp  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Variable State Location Middle East: Iraq: Israel: Jerusalem:West Bank: Egypt: Jordan: Yemen: Lebanon: Bahrain:Gaza Strip: Saudi Arabia, North America: United States:U.S....

487

SAFEGUARD AND SECURE CONTROL VERIFY POLICY  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Myanmar, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, Vietnam, Japan, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Indonesia, and Malaysia completed the course. James Conner of NIS joined President of...

488

Mass Transfer Mechanisms during the Solvent Recovery of Heavy Oil.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Canada has the second largest proven oil reserves next to Saudi Arabia which is mostly located in Alberta and Saskatchewan but is unconventional heavy oil (more)

James, Lesley

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

New Fractional Error Bounds for Polynomial Systems with ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistics, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. ... important for both theory and applications since they can be used, e.g.,

2014-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

490

4593.ps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tions of generalized differentiation in variational analysis widely used in the ... Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia (boris@math.wayne.edu).

2015-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

491

Impact of EGR on Soot Nanostructure and Reactivity  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and Mineral Sciences The Pennsylvania State University Sponsors: National Science Foundation National Energy Technology Laboratory Saudi Ministry of Education The Energy...

492

U.S. Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the largest producer of liquid fuels 6 in the world, overtaking Saudi Arabia and Russia. The growth in domestic production has also contributed to a dramatic decline in...

493

APPLYING A PV GRID-TIED SYSTEM IN INDUSTRIAL SECTOR WITH PAYBACK REDUCTION: A CASE STUDY IN K.S.A.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The key to creating clean energy is to use renewable energy sources. Saudi Arabia has an abundance of solar radiation due to its geographical location; (more)

Oweedha, Wayel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Fractures of the Dammam Dome Carbonate Outcrops: Their Characterization, Development, and Implications for Subsurface Reservoirs.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The exposed Tertiary carbonates of the Dammam Dome present an opportunity to study fractures in outcrops within the oil-producing region of Eastern Saudi Arabia. The (more)

Al-Fahmi, Mohammed M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

E-Print Network 3.0 - arab gulf journal Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Rights... in the Gulf: Saudi Arabia, Oman, Yemen, Saqi Books: London, 2005, 192 p. Political Parties and Organizations... in Yemen, 1948-1993 (in Arabic), The Athawabit Book...

496

International Conference of Modeling, Optimization and Simulation -MOSIM'12 June 06-08, 2012 Bordeaux -France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industrial Engineering Department College of Engineering King SAUD University Kingdom of Saudi Arabia services, such as bad weather, absence of personnel, traffic congestion, accidents, etc. These disturbances

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

497

Baker, David M., Eric Jordn-Dahlgren, Miguel Angel Maldonado ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

in Mahahual will allow us to document the effect of development as it occurs, .... Tracking the record of sewage discharge off Jeddah, Saudi. Arabia, since 1950...

2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

498

Solea stanalandi, a new sole from the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new soleid flatfish,Solea stanalandi..., is described from two specimens collected in 17 m in the Persian Gulf near Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. It is...

John E. Randall; Linda J. McCarthy

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Model simulations of dust sources and transport in the global atmosphere: Effects of soil erodibility and wind speed variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IND, Indian Ocean, Persian Gulf, and the Red Sea; MED,Saudi Arabia, near the Persian Gulf and in southern Iraq (

Grini, Alf; Myhre, G.; Zender, C. S.; Isaksen, I. S. A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

E-Print Network 3.0 - annex iv advanced Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Preparation and Waste... 2193 |Saudi Arabia |Annex II Under |Annex II: Assessment of Solar Radiation | 72197 |199 ... Source: Pint, Bruce A. - Materials Science &...