National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for kuwait libya malaysia

  1. Water demand management in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milutinovic, Milan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01

    Kuwait is an arid country located in the Middle East, with limited access to water resources. Yet water demand per capita is much higher than in other countries in the world, estimated to be around 450 L/capita/day. There ...

  2. The hydrometeorology of Kuwait : characterization and modeling of rainfall distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcella, Marc Pace

    2008-01-01

    This thesis presents a comprehensive study on the hydrometeorology of Kuwait. The spatial, seasonal, and inter annual variability of Kuwait rainfall is discussed based on rain gauge and satellite datasets. It is found that ...

  3. Daylighting systems for the Kuwait National Museum 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahn, Byoungsoo

    2005-08-29

    May 2005 Major Subject: Architecture ii DAYLIGHTING SYSTEMS FOR THE KUWAIT NATIONAL MUSEUM A Thesis by BYOUNGSOO AHN Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... Phillip J. Tabb (Member) (Head of Department) May 2005 Major Subject: Architecture iii ABSTRACT...

  4. Oil-rich Libya faces daunting challenges after Gadhafi's death, FAU scholars say

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Oil-rich Libya faces daunting challenges after Gadhafi's death, FAU scholars say By LONA O by a strongman for 42 years, a country of tribes and conflicting interests, a country with oil reserves desired, there is of course the matter of Libya's substantial oil reserves. An existing gas pipeline from Libya to Italy

  5. An option pricing theory explanation of the invasion of Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muhtaseb, M.R.

    1995-12-31

    The objective of this paper is to explain the invasion of Kuwait by making an analogy between a call option and the Iraq-Kuwait situation before the invasion on August 2, 1990. A number of factors contributed to the issuance of a deep-in-the money European call option to Iraq against Kuwait. The underlying asset is the crude oil reserves under Kuwait. Price of crude oil is determined in world spot markets. The exercise price is equal to the cost of permanently annexing and retaining Kuwait. The volatility is measured by the annualized variance of the weekly rate of return of the spot price of crude oil. Time-to-expiration is equal to the time period between decision date and actual invasion date. Finally, since crude oil prices are quoted in U.S. dollars, the U.S. Treasury bill rate is assumed to be the risk-free rate. In a base-case scenario, Kuwait`s oil reserves amount to 94,500 million barrels valued at $18 a barrell in early February 1990 resulting in a market value of $1,701 billion. Because the cost of the war to Iraq is not known, we assume it is comparable to that of the U.S.-led coalition of $51.0 billion. Time-to-expiration is six months. The treasury bill rate in early 1990 was around 7.5 percent. Annualized standard deviation of weekly rates of return is 0.216. The value of Kuwait`s invasion option is $1,642.25 billion. Depending on the scenario, the value of this special option ranged between $1,450 billion and $3.624 billion. 10 refs., 1 tab.

  6. Constitutional Environment and Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wei

    2012-01-01

    Japan Kuwait Latvia Macedonia Malaysia Malta MauritiusItaly Japan Kuwait Latvia Macedonia Malaysia Malta MauritiusItaly Japan Kuwait Latvia Macedonia Malaysia Malta Mauritius

  7. Analysis of sustainable water supply options for Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murtaugh, Katharine A. (Katharine Ann)

    2006-01-01

    This thesis considers several options for improving the sustainability of Kuwait's water supply system. The country currently relies heavily on desalination and brackish groundwater extraction. The options considered for ...

  8. Faculty of Health Sciences MPH Program Policies and Procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    region (Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya Arab Jamahiriya

  9. Knowledge Advancing Social Justice Brandeis University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    , Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania

  10. Improving Operational Strategies of an Institutional Building in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ragom, F.

    2002-01-01

    in Kuwait has a single flat rate that is 2 fils/kWh (0.6 cents/kWh) for residential and office buildings. This rate has been fixed for the past 35 years (Kuwait, 1983). The rate is low since it is highly subsidized by the Government, while the actual... cost reaches up to 15 fils/kWh (4.8 cents/kWh) depending on the price of oil barrel, the consumer only pays 2 fils/kWh (0.6 cents/kWh). The government subsidizes almost 85% of the electricity price in order to provide higher living standard...

  11. MEW Efforts in Reducing Electricity and Water Consumption in Government and Private Sectors in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Tayar, I.

    2011-01-01

    of Engineers, membership No. 1715. MEW EFFORTS IN REDUCING ELECTRICITY AND WATER CONSUMPTION IN GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SECTORS IN KUWAIT Eng. Iqbal Al-Tayar Manager ? Technical Supervision Department Planning and Training Sector Ministry... of Electricity & Water (MEW) - Kuwait Historical Background - Electricity ? In 1913, the first electric machine was installed in Kuwait to operate 400 lambs for Al-Saif Palace. ? In 1934, two electric generators were installed with a total capacity of 60 k...

  12. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates...

  13. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates...

  14. International project finance : the case of Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Jassar, Sulaiman Ahmed

    2005-01-01

    This thesis examines the record of the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development (KFAED) in light of changing fashions regarding the proper role and management of such funds in the development finance process. The key ...

  15. Re-examination of the current architectural curriculum at Kuwait University 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdullah, Mohammad

    2003-01-01

    at Kuwait University, with specific emphasis on its curriculum. In addition, it outlines the factors affecting the degree of integration between the curriculum's components, assures that the program is providing the education needed to prepare...

  16. Facies Distribution, Sequence Stratigraphy, Chemostratigraphy, and Diagenesis of the Middle-Late Triassic Al Aziziyah Formation, Jifarah Basin, NW Libya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moustafa, Mohamed Salem Hamadi

    2015-05-13

    This study presents the depositional facies, sequence stratigraphy, chemostratigraphy and diagenetic evolution of the Middle-Late Triassic Al Aziziyah Formation, Jifarah Basin northwest Libya. Eight measured sections were sampled and analyzed. High...

  17. Characterizing Surface Temperature and Clarity of Kuwait's Seawaters Using Remotely Sensed Measurements and GIS Analyses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsahli, Mohammad M. M.

    2009-11-30

    power. Kuwait seawaters are rich in a diversity of fishery species that provides about 40 to 50% of the country?s seafood demand (Al- Yamani et al., 2004). Kuwait relies on desalination stations and power plants along the coast for its freshwater... ecosystem through the release of more sewage and increase in water temperatures that are elevated by nearby power plants (Bu-Olayan et al., 2001). The growing pressure on the coastal environment is suspected to be associated with documented massive fish...

  18. AIR SHIPMENT OF HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL FROM ROMANIA AND LIBYA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christopher Landers; Igor Bolshinsky; Ken Allen; Stanley Moses

    2010-07-01

    In June 2009 Romania successfully completed the world’s first air shipment of highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel transported in Type B(U) casks under existing international laws and without special exceptions for the air transport licenses. Special 20-foot ISO shipping containers and cask tiedown supports were designed to transport Russian TUK 19 shipping casks for the Romanian air shipment and the equipment was certified for all modes of transport, including road, rail, water, and air. In December 2009 Libya successfully used this same equipment for a second air shipment of HEU spent nuclear fuel. Both spent fuel shipments were transported by truck from the originating nuclear facilities to nearby commercial airports, were flown by commercial cargo aircraft to a commercial airport in Yekaterinburg, Russia, and then transported by truck to their final destinations at the Production Association Mayak facility in Chelyabinsk, Russia. Both air shipments were performed under the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR) as part of the U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI). The Romania air shipment of 23.7 kg of HEU spent fuel from the VVR S research reactor was the last of three HEU fresh and spent fuel shipments under RRRFR that resulted in Romania becoming the 3rd RRRFR participating country to remove all HEU. Libya had previously completed two RRRFR shipments of HEU fresh fuel so the 5.2 kg of HEU spent fuel air shipped from the IRT 1 research reactor in December made Libya the 4th RRRFR participating country to remove all HEU. This paper describes the equipment, preparations, and license approvals required to safely and securely complete these two air shipments of spent nuclear fuel.

  19. NNSA Signs Memorandum with Kuwait to Increase Cooperation on Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Thomas D'Agostino

    2010-09-01

    On June 23, 2010, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) signed a Memorandum of Cooperation on nuclear safeguards and other nonproliferation topics with the Kuwait National Nuclear Energy Committee (KNNEC). NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino and KNNEC's Secretary General, Dr. Ahmad Bishara, signed the memorandum at a ceremony at U.S. Department of Energy headquarters in Washington.

  20. Sustainable water resources development in Kuwait : an integrated approach with comparative analysis of the case of Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazerali, Nasruddin A

    2007-01-01

    This thesis assesses the water resource status of Kuwait and Singapore, both countries considered as water scarce. The institutional aspect of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) efforts in both countries is closely ...

  1. An examination of the perceived need and recommended body of knowledge for architectural internship programs in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdullah, Mohammad

    2007-09-17

    This study stresses and reflects a professional concern for the state of architecture in Kuwait, with a specific emphasis on the development of competence of architectural students and recent graduates on professional knowledge areas...

  2. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  3. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  4. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  5. Fact #887: August 24, 2015 The United States Supplies 15% of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Countries. The OPEC countries are Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela. Fact 887 Dataset...

  6. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. In addition, it included...

  7. Fact #578: July 6, 2009 World Oil Reserves, Production, and Consumptio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    include Venezuela, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Libya, Nigeria, Indonesia, Gabon, and Ecuador. OPEC consumption data are for 2005....

  8. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. In addition, it included...

  9. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    prices, and future concession rights. Current members are Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and...

  10. Implementation of Smart Operation Strategies for Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems for Ministries Complex in the State of Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Mulla, A.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Al-Nakib, D.; Ishaqali, H.

    2009-01-01

    The smart operation strategies were implemented for Air-Conditioning (A/C) and lighting systems to reduce the national load at Ministries Complex (MC) in the state of Kuwait. The A/C system in MC is a district cooling system that comprises of 8...

  11. Silver pomfret (Pampus Argenteus, Euphrasen, 1788) spatial variation in Kuwait and implications for establing marine protected areas, a GIS based approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Kandari, Mohammed

    2013-08-07

    in Kuwait waters and its habitat preference was analyzed in a Geographical Information System (GIS), as a basis to design a marine protected area (MPA). The data analyzed comprised catch, maturity stage, temperature, salinity and bottom type, obtained...

  12. Pacific Northwest Laboratory Gulfstream I measurements of the Kuwait oil-fire plume, July--August 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busness, K.M.; Hales, J.M.; Hannigan, R.V.; Thorp, J.M.; Tomich, S.D.; Warren, M.J. ); Al-Sunaid, A.A. ); Daum, P.H.; Mazurek, M. )

    1992-11-01

    In 1991, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted a series of aircraft measurements to determine pollutant and radiative properties of the smoke plume from oil fires in Kuwait. This work was sponsored by the US Department emanating of Energy, in cooperation with several other agencies as part of an extensive effort coordinated by the World Meteorological Organization, to obtain a comprehensive data set to assess the characteristics of the plume and its environmental impact. This report describes field measurement activities and introduces the various data collected, but provides only limited analyses of these data. Results of further data analyses will be presented in subsequent open-literature publications.

  13. Presentation 2.7: Energy and the Forest Products Industry in Malaysia Zulkifli Bin Ahmad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on alternative energy to replace petroleum. Malaysia introduced "biodiesel" as a first step to reduce the usePresentation 2.7: Energy and the Forest Products Industry in Malaysia Zulkifli Bin Ahmad Director of Forest Industries Forestry Department of Peninsular Malaysia E-mail: zulmad@gmail.com Abstract Energy

  14. Measuring the Costs of U.S. Oil Dependence and the Benefits of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    exporters operating as OPEC." Prof. M. Adelman, MIT, 2004. Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia UAE Venezuela 0 20 40 60 80 100 120...

  15. Essays on the politics of regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weymouth, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    Libya Lithuania Macau Macedonia Madagascar Malawi MalaysiaZambia Albania Slovenia Macedonia Croatia Kyrgyz RepublicCroatia Russia Slovenia Macedonia Yugoslavia Bulgaria

  16. "Market Watch 2010" The Timber Sector in Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sectors are palm oil & palm oil-based products, crude petroleum, liquefied natural gas and timber countries by the "Global Enabling Trade Report 2009", published by the World Economic Forum. Malaysia. But the weak global markets also affected Malaysian trade in 2009. In the first 6 months of 2009, total trade

  17. Analysis of Trade as a Driver of Oil Palm Expansion: The Implica;ons for Peatlands in Indonesia and Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    ;ons for Peatlands in Indonesia and Malaysia Alexandra C. Morel, Ph.D. Earth Ins) of peatland, with an esIndonesia and Malaysia currently planted with industrial oil palm plantaIndonesia

  18. Multicriteria high-speed rail route selection: application to Malaysia's high-speed rail corridor prioritization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    Multicriteria high-speed rail route selection: application to Malaysia's high-speed rail corridor on multicriteria decision analysis in transportation and provides a case study of high-speed rail (HSR) corridor. Keywords: high-speed rail; route selection; multicriteria analysis; Malaysia Introduction High-speed rail

  19. Title: Peat Resource Management in the Context of Climate Change in Malaysia Presenter: Shashi Kumaran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Peat Resource Management in the Context of Climate Change in Malaysia Presenter: Shashi://register.eventarc.com/event/view/6129/tickets/peat-resource-management-in- the-context-of-climate-change-in-malaysia Abstract: As one problem. The principal issue to be addressed in the research is how the management of peat can be improved

  20. Accounting for Depletion of Oil and Gas Resources in Malaysia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Othman, Jamal Jafari, Yaghoob

    2012-12-15

    Since oil and gas are non-renewable resources, it is important to identify the extent to which they have been depleted. Such information will contribute to the formulation and evaluation of appropriate sustainable development policies. This paper provides an assessment of the changes in the availability of oil and gas resources in Malaysia by first compiling the physical balance sheet for the period 2000-2007, and then assessing the monetary balance sheets for the said resource by using the Net Present Value method. Our findings show serious reduction in the value of oil reserves from 2001 to 2005, due to changes in crude oil prices, and thereafter the depletion rates decreased. In the context of sustainable development planning, albeit in the weak sustainability sense, it will be important to ascertain if sufficient reinvestments of the estimated resource rents in related or alternative capitals are being attempted by Malaysia. For the study period, the cumulative resource rents were to the tune of RM61 billion. Through a depletion or resource rents policy, the estimated quantum may guide the identification of a reinvestment threshold (after considering needed capital investment for future development of the industry) in light of ensuring the future productive capacity of the economy at the time when the resource is exhausted.

  1. Toll road public-private partnerships in Malaysia : using the CLIOS process for policy improvements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, John L., 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Malaysia has relied on private sector provision of toll roads for over twenty years using public- private partnerships (PPPs). While the program has been successful in providing close to 1,800 kilometers of highway in that ...

  2. The application of traditional design principles to contemporary housing in Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choo, Teck Neo

    1982-01-01

    Malaysia is now undergoing rapid economic development, bringing swift and often drastic changes to the built environment. Major cultural changes, the effects of which may not be fully appreciated for a number of years, ...

  3. SOIL EROSION MODELING USING RUSLE AND GIS ON CAMERON HIGHLANDS, MALAYSIA FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    SOIL EROSION MODELING USING RUSLE AND GIS ON CAMERON HIGHLANDS, MALAYSIA FOR HYDROPOWER DEVELOPMENT Soo Huey Teh ______________________________________________________ #12;SOIL EROSION MODELING USING of Akureyri Akureyri, February 2011 #12;Soil Erosion Modeling using RUSLE and GIS on Cameron Highlands

  4. 36 Minimising the hydrological impact of forest harvesting in Malaysia's rainforests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, Nick A

    36 Minimising the hydrological impact of forest harvesting in Malaysia's rainforests H. C. Thang lorries, such extraction is slow and costly,andwouldnotgivethestateornationtherevenuetodevelop schools water sup- plies (Mohamed, 1987) and enhanced flood risk from increased channel sedimentation (Sheffield

  5. Case Study: Flood Mitigation of the Muda River, Malaysia P. Y. Julien, M.ASCE1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    degradation, which largely off sets apparent benefits for flood control. Pumping stations have been systematically required at irrigation canal intakes. Several bridge piers have also been severely undermined particularly high Table 1 . The Department of Irrigation and Drainage in Malaysia Jabatan Pengairan dan Saliran

  6. Evaluation on Cooling Energy Load with Varied Envelope Design for High-Rise Residential Buildings in Malaysia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Tamimi, N.; Fadzil, S.

    2010-01-01

    With the development of the economy in the recent years, Malaysia is maintaining a high economic growth and therefore, its energy consumption increases dramatically. Residential buildings are characterized by being envelope-load dominated buildings...

  7. Application of Location/Allocation Models and GIS to the Location of National Primary Schools in Rawang, Malaysia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naharudin, Nabilah

    2014-11-30

    As education is compulsory in Malaysia, all children aged 7 to 12 are expected to attend primary schools. It is therefore a challenge for the government to provide schools which are well located to serve the children ...

  8. This article was downloaded by:[Kuwait University] [Kuwait University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    standards: the case of axalant', International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 1 - 17 To linkJH, UK International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing Publication details, including://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~content=t713804665 Combining workflow and PDM based on the workflow management coalition and STEP standards: the case

  9. Kuwait City, Kuwait: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar HydroElectric Cooperative JumpKotakKut Energy Pvt Ltd

  10. Field Analysis of Thermal Comfort in Two Energy Efficient Office Buildings in Malaysia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qahtan, A. T.; Keumala, N.; Rao, S. P.; Samad, Z. A.

    2010-01-01

    with exception of an air movement in the workspace of both buildings. The result suggested workers? preferable condition. Keywords: Building Energy Efficiency; Thermal comfort; and Occupant Satisfaction. INTRODUCTION In a tropical climate... that mentioned earlier. The significance of this paper is that measuring the thermal comfort parameters supported by surveying the occupants? satisfaction in these two EE buildings would be as evaluation to upcoming EE buildings in tropical region. MALAYSIA...

  11. Study of movement of the western and central belts of Peninsular Malaysia using GPS data analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramli, Siti Hafizah; Samsudin, Abdul Rahim [Geology Programme, School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

    2014-09-03

    Since the large earthquakes in Sumatera and Nias, there were some tremors incidents at Bukit Tinggi. Therefore, a study on the earth’s crust movement and the effects of the earthquake in Indonesia on the tectonic blocks of Peninsular Malaysia have been carried out using GPS data analysis. GPS data from five MyRTKnet stations within Peninsular Malaysia have been analyzed to monitor the movement of two major tectonic blocks of Peninsular Malaysia which are the western belt represented by the Behrang (BEHR) and UPM Serdang (UPMS) stations and the central belt represented by Bentong (BENT), Jerantut (JRNT) and Temerloh (TLOH) stations. GPS data recorded from 2005 to 2010 were analysed based on horizontal and vertical displacements of the respective stations by using Trimble Business Centre (TBC) software. Based on the results of accumulated displacements of recorded GPS data from January 2006 to December 2013, it shows that the western belt which represented by UPMS has shifted 0.096m towards northwest with changes of ellipsoidal height of +0.030m while the central belt which represented by TLOH has shifted 0.080m towards northwest with changes of ellipsoidal height of ?0.015m. Meanwhile, BENT station which is located on the Bentong-Raub suture zone turns to its original position as well as JRNT station. However, BEHR station which are located in western belt do not show any movements. All of these movements may be due to the influence of reactive faults in the stations area stimulated by several large earthquakes that occurred in 2005 to 2010. Study on using the GPS data analysis and combine with integrated geophysical methods are necessary to understand in detail about the tectonic evolution of Peninsular Malaysia.

  12. Director, Smalley Nano & Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Dallas Board of Councilors December 7, 1995 #12;#12;Oil will become scarce, and then gas & Gas 14 World Oil Reserves Top Ten Owner Companies Venezuela 10% Abu Dhabi 7% Mexico 6% Libya 3% Nigeria 3% China 2% Iran 11% Kuwait 12% Iraq 14% Saudi Aramco 32% Source: The Oil Daily, 12/23/1999 Total

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    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC 4,184 42 116 134 30 34 64 Algeria 218 24 68 53 0 0 0 Indonesia 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 443 0 0 10 0 0 0 Kuwait 183 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Total OPEC 8,771 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 252 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 150 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 1,264 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

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    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Conventional Total OPEC 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria 0 0 0...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    14,745 0 653 653 Algeria 43,956 5,591 10,931 1,677 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 604 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 105,986 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 45,131 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 3,657 0 318...

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    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 9,068 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 827 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 307 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 481 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    OPEC 26,638 0 871 617 905 1,028 1,933 Algeria 0 0 534 617 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    OPEC 4,762 35 104 108 22 26 48 Algeria 228 17 51 58 0 0 0 Indonesia 19 0 0 3 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 520 0 0 2 0 0 0 Kuwait 215 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 44 0 1 3 0 0 0 Nigeria...

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    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Total OPEC 4,727 51 69 83 8 41 49 Algeria 212 21 40 48 0 0 0 Indonesia 28 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 390 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 268 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 34 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

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    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 4,825 37 86 111 22 25 47 Algeria 228 20 53 59 0 0 0 Indonesia 15 0 0 2 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 524 0 0 1 0 0 0 Kuwait 197 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 43 0 1 3 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  2. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Conventional Total OPEC 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria 0 0 0...

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    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 704 1,604 246 942 1,188 Algeria 1,035 0 404 1,230 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  4. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    OPEC 4,816 35 105 109 22 26 48 Algeria 228 17 51 58 0 0 0 Indonesia 19 0 0 3 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 527 0 0 2 0 0 0 Kuwait 227 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 44 0 1 3 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  5. The Arab Spring: The Economic Conditions that Bred a Political Uprising 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Kimberly Ann

    2014-08-07

    : Youth bulge boiling over......................................................................... 10 Libya: Oil rich failure ......................................................................................... 13 Jordan: The eye... Asia includes Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Georgia, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Palestine, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. 0 5 000 10 000 15 000 20 000 25 000 30 000 0 -4 5 -9...

  6. "International Society of Muslim Women in Science (ISMWS)" Members of ISMWS: 177

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    . England, 10. Iran, 11. Iraq, 12. Jordan, 13. Kenya, 14. Kuwait, 15. Lebanon, 16. Malaysia, 17. Morocco, 18, Physics, Egypt 55. Dr Lobna Saleh, Physics, Egypt, 56. Dr Lotfia El Nadi, Nuclear Physics and Laser

  7. JOURNAL OF OIL PALM RESEARCH SPECIAL ISSUE ON MALAYSIA-MIT BIOTECHNOLOGY PARTNERSHIP PROGRAMME: VOLUME 2 -OIL PALM METABOLIC ENGINEERING (JULY 2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinskey, Anthony J.

    56 JOURNAL OF OIL PALM RESEARCH SPECIAL ISSUE ON MALAYSIA-MIT BIOTECHNOLOGY PARTNERSHIP PROGRAMME: VOLUME 2 - OIL PALM METABOLIC ENGINEERING (JULY 2008) Keyword: polyhydroxyalkanoate, PHB, PHBV, metabolic@mit.edu ** Malaysian Palm Oil Board, P. O. Box 10620, 50720 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. INTRODUCTION Polyhydroxyalkanoates

  8. Changing structure of the world refining industry: implications for the United States and other major consuming regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-02-01

    There are five chapters in this publication. Chapter I on refining industry in transition covers refining history highlights, and OPEC's downstream operations. Chapter II on demand for oil and oil products discusses supply and demand for OPEC oil, demand for oil products, historical growth trends, future growth trends and the case of East Asia - emergence of a fuel oil glut. Chapter III on the US and other traditional refining centers begins with an introduction on the structure of refining and continues on to cover the refining industry in OECD countries, USA, Western Europe, Japan, Singapore and Caribbean and closes with some conclusions. Chapter IV is on refining expansions in OPEC and the third World Nations. The following are covered: (1) nations of the Gulf (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates); (2) OPEC members beyond the Gulf (Indonesia, Africa, Libya, Algeria, Nigeria and Gabon, South America, Venezuela); (3) other major exporters (China, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico); (4) non-OPEC developing countries - trends in the refining sector. The chapter ends with a short summary on capacity prospects and comparative economics. The final chapter has conclusions and recommendations on: price interactions between crude and products; product exports - impact on OPEC's internal; prices and market influence; importers and exporters - decisions; and course of action of the United States. 18 figures, 40 tables.

  9. Disease mapping based on stochastic SIR-SI model for Dengue and Chikungunya in Malaysia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samat, N. A.; Ma'arof, S. H. Mohd Imam

    2014-12-04

    This paper describes and demonstrates a method for relative risk estimation which is based on the stochastic SIR-SI vector-borne infectious disease transmission model specifically for Dengue and Chikungunya diseases in Malaysia. Firstly, the common compartmental model for vector-borne infectious disease transmission called the SIR-SI model (susceptible-infective-recovered for human populations; susceptible-infective for vector populations) is presented. This is followed by the explanations on the stochastic SIR-SI model which involve the Bayesian description. This stochastic model then is used in the relative risk formulation in order to obtain the posterior relative risk estimation. Then, this relative estimation model is demonstrated using Dengue and Chikungunya data of Malaysia. The viruses of these diseases are transmitted by the same type of female vector mosquito named Aedes Aegypti and Aedes Albopictus. Finally, the findings of the analysis of relative risk estimation for both Dengue and Chikungunya diseases are presented, compared and displayed in graphs and maps. The distribution from risk maps show the high and low risk area of Dengue and Chikungunya diseases occurrence. This map can be used as a tool for the prevention and control strategies for both diseases.

  10. Proceedings of ICEE 2009 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment, 7-8 December 2009, Malacca, Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ducatelle, Frederick

    , Malacca, Malaysia 978-1-4244-5145-6/09/$26.00 ©2009 IEEE 1 Prediction of PVT Properties In Crude Oil of this research is to investigate the capability of SVRs in modeling PVT properties of crude oil systems existing approaches such as empirical correlation for estimating crude oil PVT properties. I. INTRODUCTION

  11. Libya: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWinds JumpOxiranchem Inc JumpIndiana: Energy

  12. ICT's role in e-Governance in India and Malaysia: A Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deka, Ganesh Ch; Mahanti, Prabhat

    2012-01-01

    Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) play a key role in Development & Economic growth of the Developing countries of the World. Political, Cultural, Socio-economic Developmental & Behavioral decisions today rests on the ability to access, gather, analyze and utilize Information and Knowledge. Government of India is having an ambitious objective of transforming the citizen-government interaction at all levels to by the electronic mode by 2020.Similarly according to the Vision 2020-The Way Forward presented by His Excellency YAB Dato' Seri Dr Mahathir Mohamad at the Malaysian Business Council "By the year 2020, Malaysia can be a united nation, with a confident Malaysian society, infused by strong moral and ethical values, living in a society that is democratic, liberal and tolerant, caring, economically just and equitable, progressive and prosperous, and in full possession of an economy that is competitive, dynamic, robust and resilient". This paper presents a comparative study and review r...

  13. Seasonal Variation of Indoor Radon Concentration in the Tropics: Comparative studies between Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and Kerala, India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahat, R. H.; Amin, Y. M. [Physics Department, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Jojo, P. J. [Physics Department, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); CARPS, Department of Physics, Fatima Mata National College, Kerala (India); Pereira, C. E. [CARPS, Department of Physics, Fatima Mata National College, Kerala (India)

    2011-03-30

    The radiation dose received by man from indoor radon and its progeny is the largest at more than 50% of total dose received. The seasonal variation of indoor radon concentration in Kerala, India and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia were studied. The Southwest coast of the Kerala state in India is known to have very high levels of natural background radiation owing to the rare earths rich monazite sand available in large amount. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia used to be a famous tin mining area where it was done using open cast system. One-year measurements of radon concentration in houses were done for these two regions. It was found that there is considerable seasonal variation in the levels of radon in Kerala but the variation in Kuala Lumpur is only less than 10%.

  14. Oil Exports and the Iranian Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esfahani, H. S.; Mohaddes, K.; Pesaran, M. Hashem

    in oil exploration and extraction technologies. Figure 1: Oil export revenues to income ratios for major oil exporters 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1980 1987 1994 2001 2008 Saudi Arabia Iran Norway Venezuela Kuwait UAE Qatar Libya Nigeria Algeria Russia... . As Figure 1 shows most other OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) member countries such as Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Nigeria, Algeria, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, and a few countries outside OPEC such as Norway and Russia have similar...

  15. Using a contingent valuation approach for improved solid waste management facility: Evidence from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Afroz, Rafia; Masud, Muhammad Mehedi

    2011-04-15

    This study employed contingent valuation method to estimate the willingness to pay (WTP) of the households to improve the waste collection system in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The objective of this study is to evaluate how household WTP changes when recycling and waste separation at source is made mandatory. The methodology consisted of asking people directly about their WTP for an additional waste collection service charge to cover the costs of a new waste management project. The new waste management project consisted of two versions: version A (recycling and waste separation is mandatory) and version B (recycling and waste separation is not mandatory). The households declined their WTP for version A when they were asked to separate the waste at source although all the facilities would be given to them for waste separation. The result of this study indicates that the households were not conscious about the benefits of recycling and waste separation. Concerted efforts should be taken to raise environmental consciousness of the households through education and more publicity regarding waste separation, reducing and recycling.

  16. Electron beam accelerator: A new tool for environmental preservation in Malaysia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hashim, Siti Aiasah; Bakar, Khomsaton Abu; Othman, Mohd Nahar [Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Bangi, 43000, Kajang Selangor (Malaysia)

    2012-09-26

    Electron beam accelerators are widely used for industrial applications such as surface curing, crosslinking of wires and cables and sterilization/ decontamination of pharmaceutical products. The energy of the electron beam determines the type of applications. This is due to the penetration power of the electron that is limited by the energy. In the last decade, more work has been carried out to utilize the energetic electron for remediation of environmental pollution. For this purposes, 1 MeV electron beam accelerator is sufficient to treat wastewater from textile industry and flue gases from fossil fuel combustions. In Nuclear Malaysia, a variable energy Cockroft Walton type accelerator has been utilized to initiate investigations in these two areas. An electron beam flue gas treatment test rig was built to treat emission from diesel combustion, where it was found that using EB parameters of 1MeV and 12mA can successfully remove at least 80% of nitric oxide in the emission. Wastewater from textile industries was treated using combination of biological treatment and EB. The initial findings indicated that the quality of water had improved based on the COD{sub Cr}, BOD{sub 5} indicators.

  17. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    16,736 7,162 7,088 14,250 Algeria 20,873 0 3,867 15,177 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 548 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,676 0 0 622 0 0 0...

  18. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    6,990 12,893 Algeria 62,126 5,591 14,394 16,019 0 0 0 Indonesia 4,069 0 0 604 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 142,961 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 53,707 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 11,682 0 318...

  19. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    16,601 7,162 6,863 14,025 Algeria 20,873 0 3,867 15,177 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 548 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,676 0 0 622 0 0 0...

  20. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9,574 17,765 Algeria 83,359 6,256 18,622 21,281 0 0 0 Indonesia 6,816 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 192,524 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 82,730 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 15,934 0 449...

  1. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    9,563 17,754 Algeria 83,359 6,256 18,622 21,212 0 0 0 Indonesia 6,816 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 189,657 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 78,611 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 15,934 0 449...

  2. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 114,309 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 3,600 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 10,192 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 8,930 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,350 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  3. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1,266 2,620 2,656 0 0 0 Algeria 6,290 734 1,510 227 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 9,139 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 4,231 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 612 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  4. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    1,570 1,422 980 0 329 329 Algeria 4,708 665 827 256 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 9,536 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 7,833 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,043 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  5. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    2,584 246 1,271 1,517 Algeria 6,570 665 1,231 1,486 0 0 0 Indonesia 870 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 12,100 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 8,314 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,043 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  6. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 84,797 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 2,479 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 7,742 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 7,173 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,350 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  7. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1,029 2,183 3,212 Algeria 58,368 6,256 14,755 2,002 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 142,265 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 71,849 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,912 0 449...

  8. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    11,425 5,903 5,809 11,712 Algeria 15,691 0 3,463 10,240 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 5,679 0 0 622 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  9. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 117,889 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 4,118 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 11,629 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 8,930 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,350 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  10. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1,029 1,947 2,976 Algeria 58,886 6,256 14,755 1,933 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 140,835 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 67,730 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,912 0 449...

  11. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4,016 905 1,028 1,933 Algeria 6,542 734 2,044 1,587 0 0 0 Indonesia 299 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 13,299 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 5,495 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 612 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  12. Kuwait: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: EnergyKulpsville, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,KumbaKurt

  13. Kuwait Petroleum Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanoshKetchikanKlondikeKun Renewables Jump

  14. JOURNAL OF OIL PALM RESEARCH SPECIAL ISSUE ON MALAYSIA-MIT BIOTECHNOLOGY PARTNERSHIP PROGRAMME: VOLUME 2 -OIL PALM METABOLIC ENGINEERING (JULY 2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinskey, Anthony J.

    30 JOURNAL OF OIL PALM RESEARCH SPECIAL ISSUE ON MALAYSIA-MIT BIOTECHNOLOGY PARTNERSHIP PROGRAMME: VOLUME 2 - OIL PALM METABOLIC ENGINEERING (JULY 2008) NON-RADIOACTIVE ASSAY FOR ACETYL-CoA CARBOXYLASE 2007. ABSTRACT Acetyl-CoA carboxylase is a key enzyme in oil biosynthesis and is critical for the oil

  15. I n f o r m a t i o n e n H a u s d r u c k e r e i

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Matthias

    (Islas Malvinas) (adm. by UK, claimed by Argentina) Kuwait Canary Islands (Sp.) Sao Tome & Principe) Bang. Andaman Islands (India) Thailand Indonesia Malaysia Brunei Philippines Taiwan Cambodia Vietnam Laos Australia Papua New Guinea New Zealand Fiji New Caledonia Solomon Islands Kiribati Marshall

  16. "SE Asia was rifted parts of the Early Paleozoic NW Australia Gondwana", GEOSEA'98 (Ninth Regional Congress on Geology, Mineral and Energy Resources of Sotheast Asia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (with Bunopas,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    Congress on Geology, Mineral and Energy Resources of Sotheast Asia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (with Bunopas, S Thailand and East Asia" GEOSEA '98 (Ninth Regional Congress on Geology, Mineral and Energy Resources Otago, New Zealand: equivocal evidence for terrane association" Geological Society of New Zealand & New

  17. Energy Conservation Program in Kuwait: A Local Perspective 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajiah, A. E.

    2006-01-01

    , and nuclear energy. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA) 1997 annual report, the industrialized countries including North America and Western Europe consumed more than 50% of the energy used in the world as illustrated in Table 1 [1..., such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6 ) [2]. Total energy-related CO 2 emissions for the world in 2001 are estimated at 23,899 million metric tons. Emissions for the industrialized world (North America, Western...

  18. UAE, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar Carnegie Mellon University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Healthcare Benefits International/ In Network US Out of Network US Hospital Charges Nursing, accommodation Immunizations Paid in Full Paid in Full Adult Travel Vaccinations Paid in Full Paid in Full Adult Preventive

  19. Conceptual Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminal design for Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljeeran, Fares

    2006-08-16

    This research study investigated a new conceptual design for a modular structural configuration incorporating storage for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) within the base of the platform structure. The structure, referred to as a modified gravity base...

  20. The life cycle assessment of concrete manufacturing in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El Mostafa, Mayce (Mayce A.)

    2013-01-01

    Concrete is the second most widely used material in the world after water. Annually 9,120 million tons of concrete are produced, which is an equivalent of 1.3 tons of concrete per individual. As the world's primary ...

  1. NREL: Technology Transfer - Kuwait Visitors Interested in NREL...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to improve energy efficiency in their refining operations. KOC may also apply concentrated solar power technology to produce some of the steam needed in the company's operations...

  2. State of Kuwait Ministry of Oil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo New Energy Equipment CoSolar poolWindWind Energy

  3. U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Kuwait | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutoryin the Nation's Electric GridEnergyEnergy CongressOutlook

  4. Performing Indian Dance in Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thiagarajan, Premalatha

    2012-01-01

    Indians who originate from Kerala look forward to each year.of women, dressed in typical Kerala style, ascend the stage.in the Indian state of Kerala and is grandly celebrated by

  5. Pierre Y. Julien Malaysia 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    levels of controllability or flexibility associated with hydroelectric power plants. Storage hydro plants

  6. Pierre Y. Julien Malaysia 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    ;3 Subsistence Farming Farming Hilltops? Watershed Deforestation #12;4 Peligre Dam (sedimentation) Hurricane · Engineering ~ 100 years · Aquatic life ~ 1 year #12;8 1935 1972 1992 Hydraulic geometry of the Rio Grande #12 Grande Restoration­ Santa Ana Project Goals #12;16 Changes in hydraulic geometry Bed material size -1

  7. Estimated use of explosives in the mining industries of Algeria, Iran, Iraq, and Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilburn, D.R.; Russell, J.A.; Bleiwas, D.I.

    1995-09-01

    This work was performed under Memorandum of Agreement B291534 Between the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the United States Bureau of Mines. The Bureau of Mines authors are members of the Minerals Availability Field Office (MAFO) in Denver, CO, which uses an extensive network of information sources to develop and maintain the Minerals Availability database concerning mining and minerals properties worldwide. This study was initiated and directed by F. Heuze at LLNL. A previous study on the same subject had been commissioned by LLNL from the Mining Journal Research Services (MJRS) in London ,UK. Its results were integrated into this report. MJRS is shown as one of the numerous sources which were used for this work. All sources are listed in the report. This document is arranged in four sections, one for each country, in alphabetical order. Thie outline is the same for each country.

  8. Social and Economic Challenges of Implementing Sustainable Materials on Buildings in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Foraih, R.; Al-Fahad, F.

    2012-01-01

    Many factors affect attaining the required credits for LEED materials and Many factors affect attaining the required credits for LEED materials and resources (MR) section. There are disadvantages in obtaining credits and LEED certifying an existing...

  9. The Influence of Air-Conditioning Efficiency in the Peak Load Demand for Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, A. A.; Maheshwari, G. P.

    2007-01-01

    A model co-relating the peak load demand of a utility with the allowable power rating (PR) of air-conditioning (AC) systems has been developed in this paper through a well defined methodology. The model is capable to predict the extent of allowable...

  10. Implementation of Simple Measures for Savings Water and Energy Consumption in Kuwait Government Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albaharani, H.; Al-Mulla, A.

    2012-01-01

    ?installs?a?small? desalination?plant ? 1960 ? discovery?of?fresh?water?at? AlRaudhatain ? 1970?? to?date ? rapid?increase?of? desalination?capacity Historical?Background??Water Electricity?Generation?and?Water? Desalination No. Power?Station Established Electricity...? Co m m unicatio ns N atio nal?G uard Kuwai t?O il? Co m p any Kuwai t?Fir e?Service? D irecto rate Higher?Committee?for?saving ? Social?activities?such?as?nursing?homes?for?youths,? sport...

  11. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman Meets with U.S. Troops in Kuwait |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool FitsProjectDataSecretary Moniz's Open InvitationSecretaryin Beijing, ChinaDepartment

  12. GOVERNMENT OF MALAYSIA DEPARTMENT OF IRRIGATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    . The use of this Manual requires professional interpretation and judgment. Appropriate design procedures, Site Investigation and Engineering Survey; Engineering Modelling; Mechanical and Electrical Services on record our care for the future generations. This DID Manual is developed through contributions from

  13. U.S. LNG Imports from Malaysia

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: AlternativeMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Separation, Proved Reserves(Million Barrels) Reserves5-2015 Liquefied9-2015

  14. Malaysia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050EnermarGenerationMainsaInformation

  15. Fighting for control : state-sponsored terrorism as foreign policy in Cuba and Libya, 1959-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payne, John David, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    In this dissertation, I ask four inter-related questions about state-sponsored terrorism. First, under what conditions do states choose to support foreign terrorist groups? Second, when do sponsor states stop supporting ...

  16. A Novel Comprehensive Database for Arabic Off-Line Handwriting Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suen, Ching Y.

    such as Algeria, Bahrain, The Comoros, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco

  17. Challenges of tuberculosis prevention through early detection of latent tuberculosis infection in new immigrants to the State of Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Harbi, Adel Mohanna

    2012-11-30

    Introduction: Despite management advances worldwide, tuberculosis still remains a serious uncontrolled disease. The absence of either a ‘gold’ standard diagnostic test, or a conventional rapid ‘reference’ laboratory test ...

  18. Enhanced Operation Strategies for Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems Toward Peak Power Reduction for an Office Building in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alghimlas, F.; Al-Mulla, A.; Maheshwari, G.P.; Al-Nakib, D.

    2012-01-01

    t i o n ( M W h / y ) * 1 0 6 P e a k P o w e r D e m a n d ( M W ) Years Peak power Yearly Electricity Consumption Typical?Power?Demand?Profile?for?Summer?Day 5 2 0 0 5 5 8 0 5 9 6 0 6 3 4 0 6 7 2 0... w er The focus to reduce the power demand during the peak hours Options?to?Reduce?Fossil?Fuel?Consumption? 1. Implement?energy?efficiency?and? conservation?measures?in?buildings?to? reduce?their?demand?for?electricity. 2. Generate...

  19. Smokes from the oil fires following the Gulf War: A review and new perspectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radke, L.F.

    1996-12-31

    Emissions resulting from the oil fires in Kuwait and environmental effects from those emissions are described.

  20. Impact of Thermally Insulated Floors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alghimlas, F.; Omar, E. A.

    2004-01-01

    INSULATED FLOORS E. Al-Sayed Omar Associate Research Scientist Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research P.O. Box 24885, 13109 Safat, Kuwait F. Alghimlas * Research Associate Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research P.O. Box 24885, 13109 Safat..., Kuwait * fghimlas@kisr.edu.kw ABSTRACT Presently in Kuwait the code of practice for energy conservation in the air conditioned buildings implemented by the Ministry of Electricity and Water (MEW) which has been in effect since 1983 has...

  1. Sedimentology, Sequence Stratigraphy, Chemostratigraphy, and Diagenesis of the Cyrenaican Miocene, Al-Jabal Al-Khdar Uplift and Soluq Trough, Ne Libya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amrouni, Khaled Saleh

    2015-08-11

    This study established the sequence stratigraphic framework of the Cyrenaican Miocene through the integration of the sedimentology, stratigraphy, gamma-ray logs, chemostratigraphy, and diagenesis. Carbon-isotope curves and gamma-ray logs...

  2. Society to 2050 AD: Anthropological Forecasts Extrapolating Correlates of Modernization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, Trevor

    2008-01-01

    Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Madagascar Malawi MalaysiaLithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Madagascar Malawi MalaysiaLithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Madagascar Malawi Malaysia

  3. A Sociolinguistic Description of the Peranakan Chinese of Kelantan, Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teo, Kok

    1993-01-01

    of in flu en c ed and b ecam e life, by "peranakan" manyand the S traits Settlem ents b ecam e the springboard for BChinese w e re when they b ecam e no t know n subjects of as

  4. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Jing Meng, Chivas Miho, Lambros Mitropoulos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prevedouros, Panos D.

    floodwaters and prevent spillover into communities near the Jalan Tun Perak Bridge Reduces traffic congestion. SMART requires a series of sharp bends. Turning the 4 story high drill 20m under ground is not easy. #12;Social Problems/Policy Changes Tunnel Safety :Fire Safety is a key focus of the SMART design. SMART

  5. A Sociolinguistic Description of the Peranakan Chinese of Kelantan, Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teo, Kok

    1993-01-01

    parents, is also besid es d irec tly being transm ittedr than w ish es strategy, d irec tly directly^® o ftentim es

  6. Singapore's Water Trade with Malaysia and Alternatives By Diane Segal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    .......................................................................................... 4 Unit Conversion

  7. Prof. Dr. Jegatheswaran Ratnasingam Faculty of Forestry, Universiti Putra Malaysia,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of innovation Example Product innovation The development of a new or improved product Process innovation (TQM) systems, business process re-engineering (BPR) Production innovation Quality circles, just Organization on the innovation and human capital development in the South East Asian wood industry ­ ILO/WP/72

  8. Malaysia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  9. Solar Voltaic Malaysia Sdn Bhd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity forSilicium deEnergyCompany Limited SPCSolarVision Jump to:Voltaic

  10. Malaysia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects |

  11. Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects |NIES Low-Carbon

  12. Malaysia-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name:Power ElectronicsMakatec

  13. Malaysia-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name:Power ElectronicsMakatecInformation

  14. Malaysia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050EnermarGenerationMainsaInformation Carbon

  15. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    People's Dem.Rep Latvia Liberia Malawi Myanmar Panama PeruLao People's Dem.Rep Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliDem.Rep Latvia Lesotho Liberia Libya Libya Lithuania

  16. Solar Physics and Solar Eclipses Proceedings of an International Symposium held at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -2006 in Libya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 JEAN-LUC L. J. DIGHAYE The Sun and Solar Eclipses Energy in Libya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 IBRAHIM M. SALEH Computer SimulationSolar Physics and Solar Eclipses Proceedings of an International Symposium held at Waw an Namos

  17. Women Spring: Reclaiming Resistance as the Ultimate Other

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Paige

    2013-01-01

    Egypt and Libya, for example were successful in forcing their leaders Mubarak and Gaddafi out of power.

  18. Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ugwuibe, Cynthia

    2012-01-01

    Reserve Fund) Oil & Gas Russia National Welfare Pension FundLibya Russia UAE – Abu Dhabi Algeria Kazakhstan Oil & Gas

  19. Beyond Simple Aggregates: Indexing for Summary Queries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Ke "Kevin"

    .04.07 Japan nuclear crisis 2011.04.07 Libya · · · 2011.03.11 Japan earthquake 2011.03.11 Japan tsunami 2011 2011.03.11 Japan tsunami 2011.03.10 NCAA · · · Keyword Frequency Libya 19.3% Japan nuclear crisis 16 2011.04.08 Libya 2011.04.07 Japan nuclear crisis 2011.04.07 Libya · · · 2011.03.11 Japan earthquake

  20. Macro economic approach to oil production in OPEC countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shojai, S.

    1984-01-01

    This paper uses a macro economic model of oil exporting developing nations (OPEC) in conjunction with a social welfare function approach (optimal control) to derive an optimum level of oil production. The macro model assumes the economy produces only three goods (oil, imported goods, and nontraded goods), and the foreign exchange rate if fixed. There are twelve endogenous and nine exogenous variables. A 2SLS technique is applied to estimate the macro model using pooled data over the period from 1973-1979. Countries included in this study are: Indonesia, Iran, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela. The estimated macro model is used as a constraint in the process of maximization of a quadratic social welfare function which includes all of some of the endogenous variables of the model as well as the only control variable, namely, oil exports. Optimal oil production for the period 1974-1981 is calculated based on three different scenarios (A, B, and C). The empirical results indicate that oil revenue is an important factor in determination of GNP, government revenues, and expenditures, consumption, and money supply. The price level does not influence imports, consumption, and demand for money balances. Also, the nontraded goods industry seems to be an isolated industry, and distribution of income changes to the detriment of this industry as the economy becomes more open to international trade. The paper concludes that if economic growth is the main objective of policy makers, greater utilization of oil resources is required. Finally, it suggests more reliance on market forces and less subsidy programs.

  1. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    Figure 5. Monthly oil production for Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait,day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq Kuwait Figure 6.and the peak in U.S. oil production account for the broad

  2. Energy Savings in Direct Evaporative Cooling: real application in the Madrid metro and simulated application for offices in Sydney 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simonetti, R.

    2010-01-01

    Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 ??? ?? %???????% ????? ?( ? ?? ?????????? ? ? ??? ? ? ??????? ? ?????????? ??? ????? ? ????!? ?????? ??????7... of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 4? ?6@???????? ???*????? ??? 0????%?4??9? 4...

  3. Redesign of Electrical Installations to Maximize the Use of Photo Voltaic (PV) Cells at the End Use of Consumers in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alatrash, J.; Mhaisen, N.; Ismail, Z.

    2010-01-01

    , generator units, transformers, over headlines and underground cables capacity were released. The voltage drop and energy losses through the power system network were reduced as result of reducing the current flow in them. A comparison between continuing...

  4. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01

    Bissau, Honduras, Iraq, Liberia, Mozambique, Nicaragua,Bissau, Honduras, Iraq, Liberia, Mozambique, Nicaragua,Ghana*, India, Kuwait*, Liberia*, Luxembourg*, Madagascar,

  5. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,...

  6. Quick View Table 1: Enrollment by Degree or Program Type Intensive English (INTO OSU)1142 INTO OSU 1142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    Count 109 Kuwait Cultural Office56 Sultanate Of Oman Count84 Saudi Arabia ARAMCO31 Iran Count 77 Libyan

  7. Name * First Last Address Street Address Address Line 2 City State ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho ...

  8. Symposium Registration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho ...

  9. Prof. Cauligi (Raghu) Raghavendra Vice Dean for Global Academic Initiatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Chongwu

    and Turkey ­ DEN Opportunities: Kuwait Oil Company, Aviation Safety in IFEZ, Korea, PEMEX and UNAM in Mexico

  10. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Lithuania LuxembourgEritrea Brunei Darussalam Liberia Fiji South AfricaEthiopia Niger Somalia Eritrea Liberia Pakistan Timor-Leste

  11. international enrollment report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    Cameroon 3 Côte d'lvoire 2 Comoros 1 Egypt 9 Eritrea 1 Ethiopia 2 Gambia 1 Ghana 1 Kenya 12 Libya 6 Malawi

  12. United States, International Partners Remove Last Remaining Weapons...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    are Austria, Chile, Czech Republic, Libya, Mexico, Romania, Serbia, Taiwan, Turkey, Ukraine, and Vietnam. To date, the Department has removed or dispositioned more than 5,000...

  13. Attachment F Marketplace Prohibited Items November 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Radio/Wireless Transmitting Equipment (e.g., eavesdropping & wiretapping equipment) · Laser Pointers 3b Purchased through Cuba, Iran, Libya, North Korea, or Sudan · Telecommunication Equipment & Features (cell

  14. Harvard Export Control Compliance Policy Statement Harvard University investigators engage in a broad range of innovative and important

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodrich, Lisa V.

    security; lasers and sensors; navigation and avionics materials; marine-related materials; and propulsion of economic embargoes against countries, currently including Burma (Myanmar), Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North

  15. Request for Proposal No. DE-SOL-0008418 Section J, Appendix D

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic People's...

  16. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    Iran, I.R. of Lesotho Macedonia, FYR Maldives Mali MexicoJamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Macedonia, FYR Maldives MoroccoLibya Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia, FYR Madagascar Malawi

  17. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Libya Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia, FYR Madagascar MalawiTajikistan Mexico Portugal Macedonia, F.Y.R. LithuaniaRepublic Latvia Lithuania Macedonia, FYR Moldova Poland

  18. List of Accepted Summer Interns (2011) Program Mentor's Name Intern's name (Nationality or special condition)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Muthusamy (India) PeiWen Hsiao Kind Leng Tong (Malaysia) SuMay Yu Ding Hua Lee (Malaysia) Paul siong Yeo (Malaysia) TehYing Chou Yvonne Fong Ling Yong (Malaysia) MST HuanCheng Chang nguyen

  19. Keynote Address: "Challenges and Opportunities for Business in an Islamic Environment."

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abou-Ali, Sultan

    2006-04-07

    : Deputy Chairman, Investment Authority and Free Zones, Egypt. 1974 to 1984 : Professor of Economics and Chairman of the Economics Department, Zagazig University. 1972 to 1978 : Economic Advisor, Kuwait Development Fund, Kuwait... in Egypt. 1982-1984 : Ad-hoc advisory jobs to the World Bank. 1992 : Ad-hoc committe at African Development Bank on its role in promoting the African Economic Community. 1996-1997 : Senior Advisor, Kuwait Fund for Development. MEMBERSHIPS: 1...

  20. Can Islam and "Islamization" Be a Force for Refugee Rights in Malaysia?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seet, Matthew

    2013-01-01

    Sdn Bhd v. Liew Fook Chuan, 1 Malayan L.J. 481 (1996). GopalEquipment Sdn Bhd v. Liew Fook Chuan, 181 and by the FederalCouncil decision of Ong Ah Chuan v. Public Prosecutor, 198

  1. 2nd World Engineering Congress Sarawak, Malaysia,22-25 July 2002 2002 WEC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    laminates were unidirectional glass fiber reinforced plastics (GFRP) that weighs 913 g/m3 . A layer of a cured FRP laminate is 1.0 mm thick. FRP strips were pultruded carbon fibre reinforced plastics (CFRP Reinforced Plastic (FRP) laminates and strips in the field of structural engineering. Extensive applications

  2. Study on the financing mechanism and management for decommissioning of nuclear installations in Malaysia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saleh, Lydia Ilaiza Ryong, Kim Tae

    2015-04-29

    The whole cycle of the decommissioning process development of repository requires the relevant bodies to have a financial system to ensure that it has sufficient funds for its whole life cycle (over periods of many decades). Therefore, the financing mechanism and management system shall respect the following status: the national position, institutional and legislative environment, technical capabilities, the waste origin, ownership, characteristics and inventories. The main objective of the studies is to focus on the cost considerations, alternative funding managements and mechanisms, technical and non-technical factors that may affect the repository life-cycle costs. As a conclusion, the outcomes of this paper is to make a good recommendation and could be applied to the national planners, regulatory body, engineers, or the managers, to form a financial management plan for the decommissioning of the Nuclear Installation.

  3. Illegal logging on Penan traditional landin Sarawak, Malaysia (Photo by Angelo Musco)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Construction Services, Inc., Expands its LEED Building Operations LogoBee to Deliver Free Logo Makeover;Joining the World Resources Institute, the Environmental Investigation Agency, and the U.S. Agency is traded and produced," said Sascha von Bismarck, executive director of the Environmental Investigation

  4. Developing a model for explaining and forecasting international tourist arrivals from the major markets to Malaysia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin, Loi Young

    1996-01-01

    International tourism is a multibillion dollar industry today. The East Asia and Pacific Region registered a growth rate nearly three times the world average in the last decade. With such growth and increased competition, it is important...

  5. Can Islam and "Islamization" Be a Force for Refugee Rights in Malaysia?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seet, Matthew

    2013-01-01

    refoulement: Opinion, in Refugee Protection in Internationaland ‘Humanitarian’ Refugees: Customary International Law or13, 22. Deborah Anker, Refugee Law, Gender, and the Human

  6. Integrierte Internationale Studiengnge mit Doppelabschluss 2011/12 TU Ilmenau -Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knobloch,Jürgen

    Curriculum TUIL UTMSemester Courses Credit Courses Credi t Biosignal Processing 4 Physiological Signal Processing (Elective) 3 Image Processing in Medicine 4 Refer to semester 2 (Biomedical Image Processing gemeinsamer Abschluss vergeben: die TU Ilmenau vergibt "Master of Science (Biomedical Engineering)", die

  7. BRYANT UNIVERSITY--2013 TENTATIVE PROGRAM Sophomore International Experience Malaysia and singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blais, Brian

    (National Monument), Dataran Merdeka (Independence Square) and Sultan Abdul Samad Historic Building, Muzium (Artisan Village) and Petaling Street (Open-air Night Market ­ bargain prices Thursday, Jan 10 (Business Checkout 10.00am Sime Darby Plantation (Rubber and Palm Oil) Visit and Briefing 3.00pm Port Dickson Beach

  8. Heavy mineral distribution in stream sediment of Tapah area, Perak, Malaysia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sibon, Mahat Hj [Jabatan Mineral dan Geosains Malaysia, 40000 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia and Program Geologi, Pusat Pengajian Sains Sekitaran dan Sumber Alam, Fakulti Sains dan Teknologi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia); Jamil, Habibah; Umor, Mohd Rozi [Program Geologi, Pusat Pengajian Sains Sekitaran dan Sumber Alam, Fakulti Sains dan Teknologi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia); Hassan, Wan Fuad Wan [Jabatan Geologi, Fakulti Sains Universiti Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

    2013-11-27

    This paper aims to provide the overview of occurrence, distribution and origin of the heavy minerals in the study area. A total of 45 selected stream sediment heavy mineral concentrate samples were panned using standard dulangs, dried and separated from other light minerals using bromoform. The heavy minerals were separated into different fractions at different amperes using Frantz Isodynamic magnetic separator. Mineral identification was done using binocular microscope augmented by X-ray diffraction analyses. Mineral abundance data were analysed graphically using triangular diagrams to show their origin. Dominant minerals present in the heavy mineral samples collected are ilmenite, cassiterite, tourmaline, zircon, topaz, and magnetite. The less common minerals, present in trace amounts are hematite, xenotime, allanite, monazite, rutile, anatase, leucoxene, chromite, garnet and olivine. Examination of the heavy mineral assemblage shows that they originated from granite batholiths of the Main Range, Changkat Rembian as well as from the metasedimentary rock in the area. The gold flakes present are found together with cassiterite and topaz indicating that gold originates from the mineralized veins contact-metamorphosed metasedimentary rocks. Almost all samples collected contain cassiterite grains in various amounts. From the mineral assemblage, the source of cassiterite originates from the mineralized quartz veins that cut granitic rocks of Main Range, Changkat Rembian as well as the metasedimentary rock in the area. Greisenized veins containing quartz, mica and tourmaline with the presence of wolframite and arsenopyrite also contribute to the presence of cassiterite in this study area.

  9. Malaysia-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects |NIES Low-Carbon Society

  10. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Malaysia (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Imports" ,"Click

  11. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Malaysia (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008Wellhead PriceConsumption

  12. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Malaysia (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: AlternativeMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Separation, Proved Reserves(Million Barrels)1973-2015Decade Year-0 Year-1

  13. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Malaysia (Dollars per

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan FebCubicFracking,Michigan NaturalThousandThousand

  14. Malaysia-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name:Power ElectronicsMakatec GmbHMalana

  15. Malaysia-NAMA Programme for the Construction Sector in Asia | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name:Power

  16. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Malaysia (Dollars per

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram GuidelinesThousand Cubic Feet)Thousand CubicThousand Cubic

  17. Malaysia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050EnermarGenerationMainsa

  18. Malaysia-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050EnermarGenerationMainsaInformation Carbon Asia

  19. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Malaysia (Million Cubic Feet)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPP UPDATE: April 15,Gas9,7 Glossary G L OIndonesia

  20. Price of Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas LNG Imports from Malaysia (Nominal

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the PriceAlaskaFeet) Decade(Dollars perDollars

  1. Price of Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Malaysia (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the PriceAlaskaFeet)Thousand CubicperDollarsper

  2. Explaining the causes and consequences of internationally monitored elections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyde, Susan Dayton

    2006-01-01

    Yemen, Senegal, Lebanon* Comoros, Fiji, South Korea, TheArgentina, Belize, Chile, Comoros, Congo Brazzaville*,occurred in Jamaica (1983), Comoros (1996), Kuwait (1990),

  3. Demand and Price Uncertainty: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, K. Rebecca

    2013-01-01

    Sterner. 1991. Analysing gasoline demand elasticities: A2011. Measuring global gasoline and diesel price and incomeMutairi. 1995. Demand for gasoline in Kuwait: An empirical

  4. EIA Energy Information Administration

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    issue an operational flow order on Wednesday to limit customer pulls. The White House, IEA, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwaits willingness to compensate for the 2-million plus barrels...

  5. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea (DPRK) Korea (RK) Kuwait Crudo Oil (t) Exports Imports Petroleum

  6. Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  7. International Law and the War in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, John C.

    2003-01-01

    and sanctions regime against Iraq and Kuwait); SC Res. 662 (Resolution 678, which gave Iraq until January 15, 1991, toto bring charges against Iraq for its violations of

  8. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  9. TABLE25A.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    pentanes plus, petroleum coke, and waxes. d Formerly Zaire. e Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. (s) Less than 500...

  10. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  11. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  12. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

  13. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

  14. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    No data reported. W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  15. Suliman S. Olayan School of Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Program Wassim Dbouk Director of the Master's Program In Finance Riad Dimechkie Director of the Executive and President, Saudi Arabian Oil Company/ Dhahran, Saudi Arabia HE Najib Mikati Trustee, Prime Minister, Alghanim International Corporation/Kuwait H.E. Badr Al-Humaidhi Former Minister of Finance/Al Safat, Kuwait

  16. Fisheries Management: The Kuwaiti Experience Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of shrimp fisheries management in Kuwait. Impact of Wars on Kuwait's Fisheries The Iraq-Iran war, which of the Iraq-Iran war in 1988, and the govemment managed the penaeid fishery, often tak ing scientific advice were suspended (Carpenter, 1992; Mathews et aI., In press). Many fishing boats were moved to Iraq

  17. A qualitative exploration of the perspectives of mental health professionals on stigma and discrimination of mental illness in Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanafiah, Ainul Nadhirah; Van Bortel, Tine

    2015-03-10

    health and ‘stigma’. Numerous researches have been conducted on stigma and discrimination of people with mental disorders. However, most of the literature investigates stigma from a cultural conception point of view, experiences of patients or public...

  18. LCD, low-temperature soldering and compound semiconductor : the sources, market, applications and future prospects of indium in Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yong, Foo Nun

    2006-01-01

    Indium is a minor but very valuable metal. Decreasing supplies of indium from refining and increasing demands from LCD, low-temperature soldering and compound semiconductors have stimulated the indium price increase ...

  19. Simulation studies of a horizontal well producing from a thin oil-rim reservoir in the SSB1 field, Malaysia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdul Hakim, Hazlan

    1995-01-01

    heterogeneity as deduced from logs. Simulation results indicate that gas and water cresting are inevitable even at low oil production rate of 100 STB/D because of the thin oil column of only 45 feet. Continued production under the current gas/oil ratio limit...

  20. Zakat investment in Malaysia: a study of contemporary policy and practice in relation to Shari'a 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wan Ahmad, Wan Marhaini

    2012-11-27

    Zakat is an obligatory payment that a free and rational Muslim who owns a certain amount of wealth has to observe. The idea of zakat investment was initiated by the belief that providing the poor and needy with a ...

  1. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Malaysia (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsMonthly","10/2015" ,"ReleaseVolume (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tabMonthly","10/2015"

  2. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Malaysia (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008Wellhead Price (Dollars perSummary"

  3. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by an average of 0.8 million bbld in September and October 2013. Increased global crude oil production, particularly from Libya and Iraq, in the past two months, at a time when...

  4. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    boosted global liquid fuels production relative to year-ago levels. However, OPEC crude oil production decreased slightly from year-ago levels, as production gains in Libya and...

  5. Policy Paper 49: The Military Balance in the Middle East: An Executive Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordesman, Anthony H.

    1999-01-01

    has chemical weapons (sulfur mustard gas, hydrogen cyanide,weapons. It may have used mustard gas delivered in bombs byLibya’s main nerve and mustard gas production facilities are

  6. Democratizing in Excess: A Marxist Interpretation of the Jasmine Revolutions in North Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agbo, Joseph N.; Chimakonam, Jonathan O.

    2015-01-01

    in power of the leaders of Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya. TheseEgypt that saw the return of protesters to Cairo’s Tahir square following Mubarak’s succes- sor allotting dictatorial powers

  7. YouProve: Authenticity and Fidelity in Mobile Sensing Peter Gilbert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Landon

    . Finally, performance and power costs are rea- sonable, with analyzers having little noticeable effect, Egypt, and Libya is difficult. Due to logistical obstacles, govern- ment bans, and reprisals against

  8. Message In A Bottle: Sailing Past Censorship Luca Invernizzi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vigna, Giovanni

    the foundations of a number of countries (e.g., Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt), and showed the Internet's immense power to catalyze social awareness through the free exchange of ideas. This power is so threatening

  9. China's policy towards US adversaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swartz, Peter Goodings

    2013-01-01

    If the Chinese government is trying to reassure the US that China's rise is not threatening, why does China diplomatically support adversaries of the US such as Iran, Sudan, Libya, and Syria? This thesis shows that soft ...

  10. Florida Atlantic University Division of Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    -rays or lasers? Yes No Does the proposal include boating and diving? Yes No Does the proposal include hazardous, Cuba, Cyprus, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Libya, N. Korea, Rwanda, Somalia

  11. Items Prohibited for Purchase January 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Turnbuckles Wire rope (slings, clips [clamps]) Illegal supplies purchased through Cuba, Iran, Libya, North-Related Items( e.g. eavesdropping & wiretapping equipment) Laser Pointers Machining or Machine Shop Work

  12. 32 Department of Geology and Geophysics University of Wisconsin-Madison Thomas Roberts, PhB 1940

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Clark M.

    . (a division of Mobil), but decided to do graduate studies at the UW. He rejoined Mobil thereafter geologist for Exxon in Bogota, Columbia, before joining Amoseas as an area geologist in Tripoli, Libya

  13. ,"U.S. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    from Libya of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Imports from Nigeria of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Imports from Qatar of...

  14. KYOTO UNIVERSITY ADMISSIONS GUIDE for INTERNATIONAL APPLICANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Integrated Human Studies/ Human and Environmental Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 Georgia 2 Egypt 13 Sudan 3 Libya 2 Tunisia 3 Kenya 6 Tanzania 1 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2 Nigeria

  15. The Graduate School. The Graduate School encompasses the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yi

    . Our current students come from all around the world - China, Mexico, Canada, Nigeria, Libya, Egypt-technical systems related to sustainable energy technologies. We also encourage proposals for research by design

  16. Embargoesand Other Special Controls Part 746-page 1 Export Administration Regulations July 12, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    , and License Exceptions for countries subject to general embargoes, currently Cuba, Libya, Iran and Iraq of the EAR. (2) Iran and Iraq. While BXA maintains controls on exports and reexports to Iranand Iraq

  17. Overlooked? The Growing Threat of Desertification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Julian

    2012-01-01

    of land degradation and desertification in Libya: Need forLu, J. (2010). Aeolian desertification and its causes in thethat the threat of desertification is both very real and

  18. Energy Efficient Residential Building Code for Arab Countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanna, G. B.

    2010-01-01

    26-28, 2010, Kuwait 1 Energy Efficient Residential Building Code for Arab Countries George B. HANNA Consultant, Emeritus Professor, Institute of Building Physics and Environment, Housing and Building National Research Center, P. O. Box... in most of the Arab Countries. ESL-IC-10-10-62 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 ICEBO2010, October 26-28, 2010, Kuwait 2 E le c tru c i ty C o n s u m p tio n 2 0 0...

  19. EU FLEGT Update Chatham House, January 20 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    discussions over past 6 months by VC ·Active internal debate on outstanding issues Malaysia Liberia Indonesia

  20. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    -Bissau Malawi Papua New Guinea Swaziland Argentina Colombia Guyana Malaysia Paraguay Tajikistan Armenia Comoros

  1. GT Human Resources PERSONAL DATA FORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, Vietnam

  2. Abstract--Certified timber product is a market-linked tool to address the need for sustainable forest management and support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Forest Certification schemes (PEFC). Malaysia has the world's largest area of certified tropical forest

  3. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    per day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq KuwaitEIA Table 1.2, “OPEC Crude Oil Production (Excluding Lease2008, from EIA, “Crude Oil Production. ” Figure 16. U.S.

  4. Positive pressure induced channeled suction cups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Shannon X. (Shannon Xuan)

    2013-01-01

    Leaking in water pipe is a critical issue in Middle Eastern countries such as Kuwait where water is scarce. In-pipe robots can be dispatched to discover the network and inspect the inner surface of the pipe. This thesis ...

  5. Smart Operations of Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems in a Government Buildings for Peak Power Reduction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Hadban, Y.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Al-Nakib, D.; Al-Mulla, A.; Alasseri, R.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents the achievements of implementing smart operations strategies for air-conditioning (A/C) and lighting systems in Justice Palace Complex (JPC), Kuwait during the summer 2007. The peak load of this building was 3700 k...

  6. Volunteer Day Countries Represented

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sin, Peter

    China Colombia Egypt France Italy Japan Korea Kuwait Russia Saudi Arabia Spain Thailand Turkey UAE much and in how many ways this may change, depending on the price of gas! Q: Why do the American people

  7. Improving the Water Efficiency of Cooling Production System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maheshwari, G.; Al-Hadban, Y.; Al-Taqi, H. H.; Alasseri, R.

    2010-01-01

    For most of the time, cooling towers (CTs) of cooling systems operate under partial load conditions and by regulating the air circulation with a variable frequency drive (VFD), significant reduction in the fan power can be achieved. In Kuwait...

  8. TABLE23.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    II-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC ... 6,219 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait...

  9. Multi-Grain Clustering Topic Model (MGCTM)Motivation Evaluation of Document Clustering Integrating Document Clustering and Topic Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xing, Eric P.

    proportion ·Sample Bernoulli parameter ·For each word (l) (l) ( )Dir (g) (g) ( )Dir ( )Beta w Sample kuwait larson shuttle energy usr motif xterm henrik armenians jews mission dc apr Local topics of 3

  10. CURRICULUM VITAE CYNTHIA H. TWOHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Key, Kerry

    -2005. Mid-latitude Cirrus Experiment (NASA WB-57F), 2004. Alliance Icing Research Study-II (NCAR C-130, and Dynamics Exp. (NASA ER-2), 1993. Southern Ocean Cloud Experiment (CSIRO F-27), 1993. Kuwait Oil-Fire Smoke

  11. Crimes against Humanity at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia: Is a Connection with Armed Conflict Required?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, Stuart

    2007-01-01

    37 (Mauritania); id. 41 (Mali); U.N. GAOR, 3rd Comm. , 23rddefinition); id. 41 (Mali) (finding the "text of article Iment were India, Kuwait, Mali, Senegal, the United Arab

  12. The Genetic Structure of the Kuwaiti Population: Mitochondrial DNA Markers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theyab, Jasem

    2010-06-14

    the expansion of early Homo sapiens out of Africa. Kuwait is located in the Northeast portion of the Arabian Peninsula. This thesis investigated the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genetic variation in 117 unrelated individuals to determine the genetic structure...

  13. Impact of Columns and Beams on the Thermal Resistance of the Building Envelope 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omar, E.

    2002-01-01

    This paper addresses the effect of thermal bridging due to columns and beams on energy consumption and peak load requirements of typical private residential villas in Kuwait. Although it is common practice to apply thermal insulation to walls...

  14. The Genetic Structure of the Kuwaiti Population: mtDNA Inter- and Intra-population Variation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theyab, Jasem; Al-Bustan, Suzanne; Crawford, Michael H.

    2012-08-01

    it to their neighboring populations. These subpopulations were tested for genetic homogeneity and shown to be heterogeneous. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and mtDNA sequencing analyses of HVRI were used to reconstruct the genetic structure of Kuwait...

  15. Optimization of Chilled Water Flow and Its Distribution in Central Cooling System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maheshwari, G. P.; Hajiah, A. E.; ElSherbini, A. I.

    2007-01-01

    This paper analyzes the impact of chilled water flow and its distribution on energy efficiency and comfort quality, using the results of a field study conducted for a central cooling production system during 2006 in Kuwait. The paper identifies...

  16. Part of something larger than ourselves: George H.W. Bush and the rhetoric of the first U.S. war in the Persian Gulf 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rangel, Nicolas , Jr.

    2009-05-15

    in which he narrowly defined victory. Bush defined victory as the removal of Iraqi forces from Kuwait, in an attempt to shape a historical consensus on the significance of U.S. action....

  17. Importance of Design Conditions for Sizing Air-Conditioning Plant 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaban, N.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Suri, R. K.

    2000-01-01

    Design conditions based on the meteorological data collected at two weather stations located less than 10 km away from each other within Kuwait City are presented for dry-bulb temperature (DBT) and web-bulb temperature (WBT) prioritization...

  18. NONLINEARITY AND MARKET EFFICIENCY IN GCC STOCK MARKETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alharbi, Abdullah M. H.

    2009-07-31

    ): Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), using three robust and highly regarded nonlinearity tests. In addition, the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) was tested in this dissertation for the GCC stock markets using...

  19. Use of Plant Toom Logbook Data to Establish Performance of a Cooling Production System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajiah, A. E.; Maheshwari, G. P.; ElSherbini, A. I.

    2006-01-01

    and applies the same for an office building in Kuwait. Data collected between March and October 2004 were analyzed. Inadequate control of supply water temperature and low chiller loading were identified as the key parameters leading to inefficiency of cooling...

  20. Recycle of Wastes of Clay Brick Industry for Producing Eco-cement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, A. M

    2010-01-01

    factors as type, degree of crystallinty, and fineness of the used pozzolana in addition to the ESL-IC-10-10-09 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 curing conditions (4... for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 strength of the hardened specimens decreases with increasing waste material content in the mix. The continuous growth of the compressive strength is mainly due to the formation and accumulation...

  1. Victoria & Albert Museum- Medieval & Renaissance Galleries: A Passive Approach to Humidity Control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lerpiniere, A.; Bingham, M.; Walker, S.

    2010-01-01

    , Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 Table 1. Exhibition categories B C D E Collections Sensitive to high humidity (>55%) Collections Sensitive to low humidity (10... with gallery control. Figure 1. Target conditions ESL-IC-10-10-89 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 CONTROL STRATEGY The internal environment of the galleries is subject to many...

  2. Enhancing Residential Building Operation through its Envelope 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vazifeshenas, Y.; Sajjadi, H.

    2010-01-01

    -IC-10-10-71 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 or environmental pollution this amount is somehow substantial. 2 INTRODUCTION OF THE SOFTWARE Various methods with different...-IC-10-10-71 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 and table 3 shows the results of cooling load for the building. Table 2. Heat Load of the Whole Building Before Insulation...

  3. Energy Performance and Comfort Level in High Rise and Highly Glazed Office Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bayraktar, M.; Perino, M.; Yilmaz, A. Z.

    2010-01-01

    International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 efficiency and comfort solutions. A parametric study has been adopted and the method has been applied to a case study. The calculations were carried out by Energy... International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 5 different glazing alternatives were considered. Glazings were obtained from ASHRAE data sets catalogue in EnergyPlus. Thermal and optical properties of the selected...

  4. Implementation of Energy and Power Saving Scheme in The Avenues Mall 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Hadban, Y.; Maheshwari, G.; Al-Taqi, H. H.; Al-Nakib, D.; Alasseri, R.

    2010-01-01

    of Energy and Power Saving Scheme in The Avenues Mall Y. Al-Hadban, G. P. Maheshwari, H. Al-Taqi, D. Al-Nakib and R. Alasseri Department of Building and Energy Technologies Environment and Urban Development Division Kuwait Institute for Scientific... Research P.O. Box 24885, 13109, Safat, Kuwait htaqi@safat.kisr.edu.kw ABSTRACT This paper presents the results on an energy audit and subsequent implementation of energy efficient operation and maintenance strategies between April 2008 and March...

  5. Green Buildings: Principles, Practices and Techniques, The French "HQE" Versus the American "LEED" 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gazzeh, K.; Mahfoudh, H. B.

    2010-01-01

    . and Frankel, M., 2008) (Kats, G., 2003) (GSA Public Buildings Service, 2008). ESL-IC-10-10-01 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 Moreover, from an economic point of view..., Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 created in order to assist project engineers and other stakeholders in setting sustainable development goals for their projects. The process is also intended to allow the alignment of project goals with local conditions...

  6. Predicted vs. Actual Energy Savings of Retrofitted House 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Mofeez, I.

    2010-01-01

    data must be Ibraheem A. Al-Mofeez Associate Professor, College of Architecture & Planning, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia ESL-IC-10-10-84 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait...-10-84 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 3/9 Table 2. Load source or system attributes THE INVESTIGATION The evaluation and verification of energy conservation measure (ECMs...

  7. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1987-10-01

    Licensed oil acreage in the 6 North Africa countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia) totaled 1,500,000 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1986, down 290,000 km/sup 2/ from 1985. About 50% of the relinquishments were in Libya. Most oil and gas discoveries were made in Egypt (16 oil and 2 gas). Several oil finds were reported in onshore Libya, and 1 was reported in Algeria in the southeastern Sahara. According to available statistics, development drilling decreased from 1985 levels, except in Tunisia. A 6.3% decline in oil production took place in 1986, falling below the 3 million bbl level (2,912,000 b/d). Only sparse data are released on the gas output in North Africa. 6 figures, 27 tables.

  8. Analysis of ancient-river systems by 3D seismic time-slice technique: A case study in northeast Malay Basin, offshore Terengganu, Malaysia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sulaiman, Noorzamzarina; Hamzah, Umar; Samsudin, Abdul Rahim

    2014-09-03

    Fluvial sandstones constitute one of the major clastic petroleum reservoir types in many sedimentary basins around the world. This study is based on the analysis of high-resolution, shallow (seabed to 500 m depth) 3D seismic data which generated three-dimensional (3D) time slices that provide exceptional imaging of the geometry, dimension and temporal and spatial distribution of fluvial channels. The study area is in the northeast of Malay Basin about 280 km to the east of Terengganu offshore. The Malay Basin comprises a thick (> 8 km), rift to post-rift Oligo-Miocene to Pliocene basin-fill. The youngest (Miocene to Pliocene), post-rift succession is dominated by a thick (1–5 km), cyclic succession of coastal plain and coastal deposits, which accumulated in a humid-tropical climatic setting. This study focuses on the Pleistocene to Recent (500 m thick) succession, which comprises a range of seismic facies analysis of the two-dimensional (2D) seismic sections, mainly reflecting changes in fluvial channel style and river architecture. The succession has been divided into four seismic units (Unit S1-S4), bounded by basin-wide strata surfaces. Two types of boundaries have been identified: 1) a boundary that is defined by a regionally-extensive erosion surface at the base of a prominent incised valley (S3 and S4); 2) a sequence boundary that is defined by more weakly-incised, straight and low-sinuosity channels which is interpreted as low-stand alluvial bypass channel systems (S1 and S2). Each unit displays a predictable vertical change of the channel pattern and scale, with wide low-sinuosity channels at the base passing gradationally upwards into narrow high-sinuosity channels at the top. The wide variation in channel style and size is interpreted to be controlled mainly by the sea-level fluctuations on the widely flat Sunda land Platform.

  9. c n Trung Quc n n n n Malaysia n Nam Phi monash.edu Ti sao cn hc i hc?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet

    trong hai mi nm qua. Các ngành ngh và khóa hc truyn thng ã thay i và danh sách các khóa hc cng nh c hi sinh viên hin ang theo hc cng là mt ngun thông tin tuyt vi tìm hiu v nhng la chn và cuc sng ti trng i tháng 9, mc dù các hc sinh cng có th np h s ngoài thi gian này. VTAC cng là ni con ca quý v có th np n

  10. Climate Variability and Change Hydrological Impacts (Proceedings of the Fifth FRIEND World Conference held at Havana, Cuba, November 2006) IAHS Publ. 308, 2006.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, Nick A

    of rainfall, streamflow, evapotranspiration and net radiation from three representative regions: Northern Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo. The method used is a Data-Based Mechanistic tool called Asia, focusing on three representative geographical areas: Northern Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia

  11. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    oil in Malaysia, and from rapeseed in Europe. Current biofuel production in Brazil cannot meet domestic demand

  12. Private versus public strategies for health service provision for improving health outcomes in resource limited settings: a systematic review.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    and private physicians in Macedonia. Health Policy 60: 67-$12,196 or more. Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mauritius,

  13. Predicting species diversity in tropical forests Joshua B. Plotkina,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    of Malaysia, Kepong, Malaysia 52109; kSarawak Forestry Department, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia SW 93750; and l to the size of the area raised to some exponent. The exponent often turns out to be roughly 1 4. This power, individually identified trees from five tropical forests on three continents. Although the power law

  14. Oil/gas separator for installation at burning wells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Alonso, Carol T. (Orinda, CA); Bender, Donald A. (Dublin, CA); Bowman, Barry R. (Livermore, CA); Burnham, Alan K. (Livermore, CA); Chesnut, Dwayne A. (Pleasanton, CA); Comfort, III, William J. (Livermore, CA); Guymon, Lloyd G. (Livermore, CA); Henning, Carl D. (Livermore, CA); Pedersen, Knud B. (Livermore, CA); Sefcik, Joseph A. (Tracy, CA); Smith, Joseph A. (Livermore, CA); Strauch, Mark S. (Livermore, CA)

    1993-01-01

    An oil/gas separator is disclosed that can be utilized to return the burning wells in Kuwait to production. Advantageously, a crane is used to install the separator at a safe distance from the well. The gas from the well is burned off at the site, and the oil is immediately pumped into Kuwait's oil gathering system. Diverters inside the separator prevent the oil jet coming out of the well from reaching the top vents where the gas is burned. The oil falls back down, and is pumped from an annular oil catcher at the bottom of the separator, or from the concrete cellar surrounding the well.

  15. Oil/gas separator for installation at burning wells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Alonso, C.T.; Bender, D.A.; Bowman, B.R.; Burnham, A.K.; Chesnut, D.A.; Comfort, W.J. III; Guymon, L.G.; Henning, C.D.; Pedersen, K.B.; Sefcik, J.A.; Smith, J.A.; Strauch, M.S.

    1993-03-09

    An oil/gas separator is disclosed that can be utilized to return the burning wells in Kuwait to production. Advantageously, a crane is used to install the separator at a safe distance from the well. The gas from the well is burned off at the site, and the oil is immediately pumped into Kuwait's oil gathering system. Diverters inside the separator prevent the oil jet coming out of the well from reaching the top vents where the gas is burned. The oil falls back down, and is pumped from an annular oil catcher at the bottom of the separator, or from the concrete cellar surrounding the well.

  16. Taking Women Seriously Makes us Smarter about the US War in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enloe, Cynthia

    2006-01-01

    to one of the main “the- atres of action” – this is how militaries talk. So you are a mechanic and you have been deployed with your unit to Kuwait, which is one of the main staging grounds used by the U.S. government for its operations in Iraq.... Negotiations with the Kuwaiti government went on long before the Bush Administration was willing to talk about engaging; we now know that started in about 2002. These diplo- matic negotiations take a lot of time. So you’re stationed in Kuwait. Here’s the reason...

  17. Beam Shaping for Short-Range Wireless Sensor Application at 2.4GHz using 0.18 Micrometer Technology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saha, S.; Unnikrishna, U.; Khanna, P.; Al-Attar, T.

    2010-01-01

    the attenuator based VGA design implementation. Finally, Section V concludes the work done. ESL-IC-10-10-27 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 II. BEAM SHAPING USING AMPLITUDE... sinsin2 dySy = ESL-IC-10-10-27 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 Assuming equal element spacing (dx = dy = d) and linear phase progression, the above expression can...

  18. Optimization of a Chilled Water Plant Using a Forward Plant Model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Z.; Turner, W. D.; Chen, Q.; Xu, C.; Deng, S.

    2010-01-01

    of these controls originated from the supervisory control methodology developed by J. E. Braun (1988). Based on model-based ESL-IC-10-10-20 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 simulation... for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 programming (NLP) was more robust and could treat constraints on the state variables directly. Lu et al. (2005b) have presented the optimal set point control for the global optimization problem...

  19. Antenna Beam Steering For Wireless Sensors Using Real Time Phase Shifter 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saha, S.; Unnikrishna, U.; Khanna, P.; Al-Attar, T.

    2010-01-01

    suitable for low-voltage CMOS process yielding low power solutions. Also, we have incorporated analog feedback mode to ESL-IC-10-10-26 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010...2 0)( jeF ??? 00 sinsin 2 ??= ?? ?? dnY ESL-IC-10-10-26 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 III. ACTIVE BEAMFORMING USING PHASED ARRAY TRANSMITTER The beamforming...

  20. Multi Agent System to Optimize Comfort and Energy Flows in the Built Environment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennings, L. W.; Houten, M. A.; Boxem, G.; Zeiler, W.

    2010-01-01

    of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 of only one, and each commodity can be supplied to either the central air handling unit (CAHU), or the individual room units (HC1&HC2). As the CAHU... Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 Central?Air?Handling Unit HC?1 HC2 + ? ROOM 1 ROOM?2 Figure 3. Central AHU and local room conditioning units. Interdependent Resources. The local operating agents each...

  1. Middle Cretaceous (Cenomanian Ostracoda from the Wasia Formation of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Furiah, A. A. F.

    1983-09-21

    in strata of the same age in Kuwait and Bahrain by Al-Abdul-Raz- zaq (1979) and Al-Abdul-Razzaq and Grosdi- dier (1981), and in Iran by Grosdidier (1973). This supports the suggestion of Al-Abdul-Raz- zaq and Grosdidier (1981) that these ostracodes... five members are named after formations in southeastern Kuwait. The lowest two members are named after areas in Saudi Arabia where they have greatest economic significance. These two lowest members can also be traced northward, where together...

  2. Research and Satellite Applications -Cristina Bentz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    applications ·New projects Overview #12;PETROBRAS Oil, Gas and Energy Company E&P TRADINGHEAD OFFICE DOWNSTREAM GAS & ENERGY REPRESENTATIVE OFFICE Houston Colombia Argentina Angola United Kingdom USA BRAZIL Bolivia Rio de Janeiro NigeriaVenezuela Ecuador Peru Mexico Tanzania Iran China Japan New York Uruguay Libya

  3. **The total number of academic personnel is 18,122. Appointments excluded from the above data include clinical faculty (5,911), affiliate faculty (2,737), and other faculty and academic personnel (4,898). UNITED KINGDOM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Volkenburgh, Elizabeth

    ICELAND 2 INDONESIA 2 LIBYA 2 NEPAL 2 SINGAPORE 2 TANZANIA 1 ALGERIA 1 ARMENIA 1 AZERBAIJAN 1 BRUNEI 1 179 224 8 63 6 26 0 255 7 38 NEW HIRE STATISTICS BY RANK AND TRACK AS OF 10/31/2014 NEW HIRE STATISTICS BYYEAR ­ PROFESSORIAL FACULTY Year Total Male Female American Indian Asian Black Hispanic Pacific

  4. R. Muoz et al. (Eds.): NLDB 2011, LNCS 6716, pp. 238241, 2011. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    ], CRFs [7]. Results produced by statistical taggers obtain about 95%-97% of correctly tagged words. There are also, hybrid methods that use both knowledge based and statistical resources. 3 Amazighe Language The Amazighe language is spoken in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Siwa (an Egyptian Oasis); it is also

  5. The Innovation Journal: The Public Sector Innovation Journal, 18(1), 2013, article 3. Protecting the Internet from Dictators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camp, L. Jean

    Internet communications, activists, and the state in Egypt, Syria, Libya, Uganda and northern Sudan that there are three critical variables in this interaction: redundancy in communications, distribution of power across in situations of a popular uprising, and what can be done to prevent it?1 Egypt is not the only country

  6. Message In A Bottle: Sailing Past Censorship Luca Invernizzi, Christopher Kruegel, Giovanni Vigna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vigna, Giovanni

    in December 2010 to shake the foundations of a number of countries (e.g., Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt), and showed the Internet's immense power to catalyze social awareness through the free exchange of ideas. This power is so threatening to repressive regimes that censorship has become a central point

  7. Relations between albedos and emissivities from MODIS and ASTER data over North African Desert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Liming

    of incident solar energy reflected by the land surface in all directions. They determine the surface radiation map over the arid areas of Algeria, Libya, and Tunisia in North Africa at 30 second (about 1 km) and 2 in climate model deserts such as the Sahara. However, solar short- wave diffuse albedos vary by a factor

  8. CERN with ITER, by Franois of Rose THE WORLD | 03.02.04 | 14h06

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the foreign politics of the France in 2003, most serious, and by far, is that which would be finalized of the agreement of renunciation of Libya of the nuclear weapons concluded with the Anglo-American ones and major, at the free-Switzerland border, of the CERN (European Center for the nuclear research) at the beginning

  9. Abdel Wahab M., El-Metwally M., Hassan R., Lefvre M., Oumbe A., Wald L., 2008. Assessing surface solar irradiance in Northern Africa desert climate and its long-term variations from Meteosat images. International

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -Qubba, Cairo, Egypt. Mines ParisTech, Center for Energy and Processes, BP 207, 06904 Sophia Antipolis cedex under concern in this paper: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, is the prospect of energy production from sun. These four nations comprise approximately 130 millions inhabitants altogether and solar energy

  10. Potential curbed by lack of funds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gustavson

    1988-08-01

    The author reviews the oil market in Africa. Some of the highlights are: Nigeria restructures NNPC to make it competitive, offers new terms; Libya redraws its concession terms in hopes of attracting more operators; New onshore finds may keep Gabon from becoming a producer in decline; and South Arica has struck what may be commercial oil south of Mossel Bay.

  11. Holocene freshwater carbonate structures in the hyper-arid Gebel Uweinat region of the Sahara Desert (Southwestern Egypt) q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Desert (Southwestern Egypt) q Margarita M. Marinova a,b , A. Nele Meckler c , Christopher P. McKay b region of the Sahara Desert, near the triple border of Egypt, Sudan, and Libya (N22°, E25°), re- ceives- ibrated years BP; Wendorf and expedition, 1977). While some parts of southwest Egypt have been extensively

  12. Published: 25 April 2011 Fund Egypt's Future to Save the Arab Uprising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Published: 25 April 2011 Fund Egypt's Future to Save the Arab Uprising Op-Ed by Ahmed H. Zewail. The Egyptians brought down the head of the system, but not the system itself. That is the challenge now. Egypt between them, Egypt is united. In contrast, the second model for revolutions is that of Yemen, Libya

  13. Lessons Learned from Past Negotiations to Prevent Nuclear Proliferation Testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    --and with it an illicit shipment of centrifuge parts to Libya--and having been confronted with incontrovertible evidence."iv Thus, the negotiations with the Europeans bought time for Tehran to finish its uranium conversion years. Unfortunately, however, while halting the plutonium program, the DPRK went ahead with its uranium

  14. The State and Outcomes of Higher Education in the Arab World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .0% Lebanon 2.8% Saudi Arabia 1.4% #12;According to published statistics: Only 2.4% attending HEIs. of Patents 1 Saudi Arabia 147 2 UAE 39 3 Egypt 33 4 Morocco 17 5 Tunisia 8 6 Syria 5 7 Algeria, Kuwait 4 each

  15. Smart Operations of Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems in Government Buildings for Peak Power Reduction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Hadban, Y.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Al-Nakib, D.; Al-Mulla, A.; Alasseri, R.

    2008-01-01

    During the summer 2007 smart operation strategies for air-conditioning (A/C) and lighting systems were developed and tested in a number of governmental buildings in Kuwait as one of the solutions to reduce the national peak demand for electrical...

  16. GREQAMGroupement de Recherche en Economie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille -UMR-CNRS 6579

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -80 events in Iran and Iraq, the 1990 invasion of Kuwait and latest crisis in the crude oil market in 1999 evidence of the importance of oil price movements when explaining movements in stock returns. Oil prices-38 EXTREME VALUE THEORY AND VALUE AT RISK: APPLICATION TO OIL MARKET Vêlayoudom MARIMOUTOU Bechir RAGGAD

  17. Revised October 9, 2006 Poverty and Economic Growth: The Impact of Population Dynamics and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    Revised October 9, 2006 Poverty and Economic Growth: The Impact of Population Dynamics Distribution and Poverty: A Micro Survey of Interrelationships Ali A. Ali, Arab Planning Institute Kuwait 09:50 ­ 10:10 hrs Demographic Transitions: Poverty and Growth Experiences of Selected Countries in Africa

  18. Suliman S. Olayan School of Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Program Wassim Dbouk Director of the Master's Program In Finance Riad Dimechkie Director of the Executive, Saudi Arabian Oil Company/ Dhahran, Saudi Arabia HE Najib Mikati Trustee, Prime Minister of Lebanon, Alghanim International Corporation/Kuwait Spanish H.E. Badr Al-Humaidhi Former Minister of Finance/Al Safat

  19. Comparison of costs for solar electric sources with diesel generators in remote locations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    energy development and deployment. Egypt, Kuwait, and other Arab countries as well as numerous African in solar energy especially in third world countries. Traditionally, since the European countries once369 Comparison of costs for solar electric sources with diesel generators in remote locations F. K

  20. Homecoming Gator Growl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sin, Peter

    at 7:00 pm. A ticket is required for entry, soyouMUST buy your ticket beforehand. Cost: Tickets cost being a Gator! When: Gates will open for entry into the stadium at 6:00 pm and Gator Growl will start are countries and places represented by our new B- Term students: Burkina Faso Chile China Colombia Korea Kuwait

  1. Testing and Evaluation of a Power Factor Correction for Power-Savings Potential 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alotaibi, A.

    2011-01-01

    is to develop the electromagnetic fields (EMFs) to ground the induction windings of the motor. In Kuwait, consumers only pay for the active power and energy used in kWh. A PFC unit stores the reactive power needed to create EMFs within the inductive loads...

  2. Working Group III contribution to the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report Climate Change 2007: Mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    Detlef P. Netherlands LA Warren Rachel UK RE Weyant John USA RE Babiker Mustafa Kuwait Chapter 4: Energy Adegbulugbe Anthony Nigeria LA Fenhann Jørgen Denmark LA Konstantinaviciute Inga Lithuania LA Moomaw William Nationality CLA Smith Peter UK CLA Martino Daniel L. Uruguay LA Cai Zucong China LA Gwary Daniel Nigeria LA

  3. Gravity of world crude barrel to rise by 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-16

    This paper reports on the loss of crude exports from Iraq and Kuwait in 1990-91 and their gradual reentry into oil markets which will have a profound effect on world crude quality. Accordingly, the proportion of heavy crude in world markets will decline the next 5 years.

  4. Iraq cracks a few heads in the Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernstein, J.

    1990-08-20

    Last month Saddam Hussein charged that oil overproduction by his neighbors was costing Iraq dearly. When an OPEC meeting collapsed last week, he sent 100,000 troops to seize Kuwait, which he had accused of stealing oil. The US is scrambling to organize a Western boycott, but some analysts question just how effective such a more would be.

  5. Cooling Tower Operation in the Hot and Humid Climates of Arid Zones 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Bassam, E.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Sebzali, M.

    2000-01-01

    Air-conditioning (A/C) in Kuwait is a necessity for comfortable living as the summer is extremely hot. Dry weather for most of the summer months reflects the effectiveness of using water-cooled (WC) systems. Cooling towers (C/Ts) at a Ministry...

  6. Building Load Simulation and Validation of an Office Building 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alghimlas, F.

    2002-01-01

    This paper describes the methodology to develop a well defined energy simulation model for an office building in Kuwait using DOE2.1E program. The two story building has approximately a total airconditioned area of about 23,470 m2 (77,000 ft2...

  7. Comparative Study Between Air-Cooled and Water-Cooled Condensers of the Air-Conditioning Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maheshwari, G. P.; Mulla Ali, A. A.

    2004-01-01

    The weather in Kuwait is very dry where the dry-bulb temperature exceeds the wet-bulb temperature more than 20oC in most of the summer months. Thus, the air-conditioning (A/C) system with the water-cooled (WC) condensers is expected to perform more...

  8. Management of Power Demand through Operations of Building Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ElSherbini, A. I.; Maheshwari, G.; Al-Naqib, D.; Al-Mulla, A.

    2009-01-01

    In hot summers, the demand for electrical power is dominated by the requirements of the air-conditioning and lighting systems. Such systems account for more than 80% of the peak electrical demand in Kuwait. A study was conducted to explore...

  9. Microsoft Word - 122006 - Mirant Potomac River LLC - Monthly...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Ireland Italy Japan Malaysia Netherlands Philippines Scotland Singapore Thailand Turkey Venezuela www.ensr.aecom.com www.ensr.aecom.com About ENSR ENSR Locations ENSR, an...

  10. World Institute for Nuclear Security Workshop at Y-12 Brings...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lithuania, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, The Netherlands, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom and the United States...

  11. Multicast Audio: The Next Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perkins, C.S.; Hardman, V.; Kouvelas, I.; Sasse, M.A.; Proceedings of INET'97, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 1997 Internet Society [More Details

    Perkins,C.S. Hardman,V. Kouvelas,I. Sasse,M.A. Proceedings of INET'97, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 1997 Internet Society

  12. APS 2004 Conferences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SPIE's 49th Annual Meeting. (Aug. 2-6) Denver, CO Second International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Engineering and Technology. (Aug. 3-5) Koto Kinabalu, Malaysia...

  13. Channing Huntington

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    working and traveling from April to November. I've visited Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Egypt, Thailand, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Panama, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore,...

  14. Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

    2011-01-01

    Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia,Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, and Slovenia all experiencedKazakhstan Korea Lebanon Macedonia Malaysia Mexico Nigeria

  15. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1986-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,839,817 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1985, a decrease of 3% from the 1,896,446 km/sup 2/ held at the end of 1984. This decrease mainly is due to significant relinquishments made in Algeria, Egypt, and Tunisia. Morocco, however, had an increase of 18,087 km/sup 2/. Oil discoveries were reported in Algeria (possibly 5), Libya (at least 2), and Egypt (16). Only 1 gas find was made (in Morocco). According to sparse information, development drilling may have decreased markedly during 1985. Oil and condensate production increased by 3.1% to approximately 3,054,000 b/d compared to about 2,963,400 b/d in 1984. No statistics are currently available on gas production in North Africa. 8 figures, 27 tables.

  16. Search for possible solar neutrino radiative decays during total solar eclipses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cecchini, S; Giacomelli, G; Giacomelli, R; Popa, V

    2006-01-01

    Total solar eclipses (TSEs) offer a good opportunity to look for photons produced in possible radiative decays of solar neutrinos. In this paper we briefly review the physics bases of such searches as well as the existing limits on the neutrino proper lifetimes obtained by such experiments. We the report on the observations performed in occasion of the 29 March 2006 TSE, from Waw an Namos, Libya.

  17. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  18. ORIGINAL PAPER Fuelling the biodiversity crisis: species loss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eltz, Thomas

    Isolation Á Malaysia Á Oil palm Introduction With the growing global demand for agricultural products oil is now the world's most traded oilseed crop with uses from cooking oil to biofuel (Carter et al% of the global palm oil crop was produced by Indonesia (43%) and Malaysia (42%) (FAOSTAT 2007), two countries

  19. Employer Location Aduro Hamilton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waikato, University of

    & Heavy Eng Berhad) Malaysia Mighty River Power Hamilton Milk Test NZ Hamilton NIWA Aquatic Pollutions Huntly Gisborne District Council Gisborne GNS Lower Hutt Grayson Engineering/ Mercer Group Ltd Auckland Consultants Ltd Tauranga MB century Wairakei Mecury Bay Engineering Whitianga Methanex Waitara Malaysia Marine

  20. This article was downloaded by: [the Bodleian Libraries of the University of Oxford], [Yadvinder Malhi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhi, Yadvinder

    to monitor aboveground biomass in forest and oil palm in Sabah, Malaysia, for 2000­2008 with Landsat ETM to monitor aboveground biomass in forest and oil palm in Sabah, Malaysia, for 2000­2008 with Landsat ETM or systematic reproduction, redistribution, reselling, loan, sub-licensing, systematic supply, or distribution

  1. WORLD RIVERS REVIEW June 2014 5 or over 200 consecutive days, indigenous Penan, Kenyah and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    of Renewable Energy ("SCORE") is a component of Malaysia's nation- al development plan that proposes buildingBaramDam,inSarawak,Malaysia. They have successfully stalled the construction of this project, which would flood 400 square kilometers and environmental groups in Sarawak, argue that there is no need for such a destructive project when the nearby

  2. The Gulf War and the environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Baz, F. (ed.) (Boston Univ., MA (United States). Center for Remote Sensing); Makharita, R.M. (ed.) (World Bank, Washington, DC (United States))

    1994-01-01

    The Gulf War inflicted dramatic environmental damage upon the fragile desert and shore environments of Kuwait and northeastern Saudi Arabia. Coastal and marine environments experienced oil spills of more than 8 million barrels, which killed wildlife and damaged the fishing industry. In inland Kuwait, hundreds of oil lakes are scattered across the desert surface: these lakes emit noxious gases, drown insects and birds, and may seep to pollute groundwater. Exploding and burning oil wells released soot particles, oil droplets, and noxious chemicals into the atmosphere, spreading air pollution, acid rain, and respiratory problems. Military diggings, constructions, and vehicles have destroyed much of the desert pavement, resulting in increased dust storms and large, moving dunes.

  3. Global arms proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christiansen, D.

    1991-09-01

    This paper reports that the United States delivered some US $11 billion of military hardware to Iran between 1969 and 1979, in the hopes of helping stabilize a volatile situation in the Middle East. That did not work. When Iran used the weapons against Iraq, the USSR, France, and a number of developing countries helped arm Iraq. It was this vast arsenal that Iraq deployed in its Kuwait-Persian Gulf War venture. Granted, those weapons were augmented by some U.S.-made equipment like TOW antitank missiles and Hawk antiaircraft missiles that were captured in the Iraqi attack on Kuwait. A report issued by the U.S. Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) in June cited that chain of events to demonstrate that the U.S. and other major exporters are gradually losing control of the weapons transferred (to other countries) as well as the technology and industry necessary to produce and support them.

  4. Islamic Finance: Between Classical Law and Contemporary Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Gamal, Mahmoud

    2006-04-08

    and growth in the Arabic world; and macroeconomic monetary policy aspects of Islamic banking. • Ad hoc modules on Islamic Law, Banking and Finance in Geneva, Kuwait, Dubai, and London. Graduate courses: • First year and advanced (second and third year... Taxonomy of SMEs and Financing Methods for Arab Coun- tries”, (with Nihal El-Megharbel and Hulusi Inanoglu), in Fawzy, S. (ed.) Global- ization and Firm Competitiveness in the Middle East and North African Region, DC: World Bank, 2002, in pp. 208...

  5. Iraq and the utilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Studness, C.M.

    1990-09-13

    This article discusses the possible impact on the public utilities of the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. The author feels the industry is in better shape to weather this than the energy crisis of 1973 and 1974. However regulatory policies that prohibit some utilities from recovering fuel costs through rate adjustments may cause distress for some. The author feels that a revision of regulatory policies is needed.

  6. Turnabout. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roggero, F.F.

    1993-04-19

    The proliferation of ideas and strategies is equally as important as the proliferation of weapons. This paper challenges the reader to search for counters to historically successful strategies which could be turned against the US. Specifically, consider the following scenario: In 1994 Iraq, Syria, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan form an alliance called the Southwest Asia Consortium (SAC). In 1996 Iraq invades Kuwait to reclaim its title to the province, and a limited US-led coalition immediately begins to build up a conventional force in the Persian Gulf region. SAC members recognize Iraq's claim to Kuwait and remind the world in a joint statement that an attack on any of its members would be considered an attack on the entire alliance. Furthermore, SAC reserves the right to respond to any attack at an appropriate level, including conventional weapons, battlefield nuclear weapons, intermediate range nuclear missiles or ICBMs. As Iraq prepares a defense of Kuwait with its national forces and token SAC troop deployments, the Consortium's strategy and capability of responding to a potential attack with a full spectrum of weapons confounds America's response to the crisis.

  7. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.Ch.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984, an increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North Africa ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was up 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries.

  8. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984. An increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North America ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries. 9 figures, 27 tables.

  9. Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01

    This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

  10. Networks of Networks: Changing Patterns in Country Bandwidth and Centrality in Global Information Infrastructure, 2002-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seo, Hyunjin

    2012-04-01

    of density, degree, and eigenvector centrality from 2002 to 2010. Graphs and statistics were calculated in R (R Development Core Team, 2011) and networks were visualized using Gephi (Bastian, Heymann, & Jacomy, 2009). Global internet geography data obtained....070), Jordan (0.060), Morocco (0.052), Algeria (0.025), Libya (0.014), Palestine Territory (0.012), and Sudan (0.012). The United Arab Emirates showed the highest degree with 12, and the degree of Israel was 8. Data for Iraq and Tunisia were not available...

  11. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  12. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 17 Number 1 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    have picked up ideas in all those places wbich differed from the views held on the Greek mainland and its surrounding islands. We know that under King Da'rius (reigned 521·485 B.C.) the Persian army had conqured part of India and part of Libya so... ) pared with the other two. The English word 'humour', therefore, pro­ bably expresses its meaning better. It is derived from the Latin humor, Greek khymos (English derivative chyme), which means 'fluid, mois­ ture' as we koow it in the English word...

  13. Social organization and behavior of aoudad (Ammotragus lervia) in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solbert, Alan Goodrich Kirk

    1983-01-01

    for their encouragement during the last few years and P. Fenn for her unflagging diligence in typing this manuscript. I also want to thank Dr. J. Teer for help in securing funding for this study. I am grateful to the Caesar Kleberg Research Program in Wildlife..., but their present status is unknown (Happold 1967). It may be that the last aoudad strongholds are in the uninhabited regions of the Atlas Mountains (Schomber and Kock 1959-60, Edmond-Blanc 1954), the Ennedi Mountains, and parts of Libya and northern Sudan...

  14. Reproductive behavior of addax antelope 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manski, David Allen

    1979-01-01

    -around (mutual circling of the partners), Laufschlag and Flehmen. Estrous was very brief, lasting for a period of approximately 24 to 48 h. Copulation was almost exclusively done by alpha males. Gestation was estimated at nine months, and calving occurred..., and they have disappeared from Tunisia. Apparently the last addax was shot in Bgypt by a bedouin hunter about 1900 (llarper 1945) . A remnant population of addax exisLed in the southern regions of Libya in 1. 966 (Dolan 1966). In Chad, addax seem...

  15. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

    1995-12-25

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  16. Tibetan Medicine Compared with Ancient and Mediaeval Western Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winder, Marianne

    In the Indo-Tibetan humoral system diseases are divided in to hot aod cold ones, and diseases are cured by a contrary remedy, that is, hot diseases by cold remedies and vice versa. For instance, Vagbhata says in his Ashtanghrdayasamhita : J 8) According... . : 'An these people of Libya from Egypt to Lake Tritonis are nomads who live on meat and milk. Cow's flesh they will not tast~, for the same reason as the Egyptians, nor will they keep pigs. Even the women of Cyrene think it wrong to eat cows, because...

  17. Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources:

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices, Sales VolumesBrazilEgyptJordanLibya

  18. Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources:

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices, Sales VolumesBrazilEgyptJordanLibyaMexico

  19. The role of gap phase processes in the biomass dynamics of tropical forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chave, Jérôme

    Department, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand 4 Forest Environment Division, Forest Research Institute Colorado Island (BCI), Panama; Pasoh and Lambir, Malaysia; and Huai Kha Khaeng (HKK), Thailand). We show in incoming solar radiation, in

  20. Unity in diversity : a design projection for a participatory housing in Kuala Lumpur

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohamad, Radziah

    1992-01-01

    This thesis is an exploration towards an alternative design approach for a public housing in Malaysia. It stems from a conviction that the design of public housing should be based on the lifestyles and ways of living of ...

  1. HIGHER EDUCATION FACILITIES MANAGEMENT: READY FOR INTERNATIONALIZATION? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizuddin, N.; Yahya, M.

    2009-01-01

    The last ten years has seen dramatic growth in Facilities Management (FM) activities worldwide, including Malaysia. Facilities Management is responsible for coordinating all efforts related to planning, designing and managing physical structure...

  2. Ocean Solutions, Earth Solutions Coming in 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    , the launch of the White House Climate Data Initiative, and the search for the missing Malaysia Airlines for implementing the Coastal and Marine Ecological Classification Standard · How does climate change affect our

  3. A BACHELOR'S DEGREE PROGRAM IN A TECHNOLOGY-FOCUSED UNIVERSITY.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    needed to make a meaningful impact on an organization's success. WHAT MAKES THE UNDERGRADUATE BUSINESS, including Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Germany, India, Ireland, Israel, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico · Environmental Engineering · Finance · Industrial Engineering · Management Science · Marketing · Mathematics

  4. A BACHELOR'S DEGREE PROGRAM IN A TECHNOLOGY-FOCUSED UNIVERSITY.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    a meaningful impact on an organization's success. WHAT MAKES THE UNDERGRADUATE BUSINESS PROGRAM AT STUART, including Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Germany, India, Ireland, Israel, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico · Chemical Engineering · Chemistry · Computer Science · Electrical Engineering · Environmental Engineering

  5. CORECT: Committee on Renewable Energy Commerce and Trade, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-01

    An overview of the activities of CORECT (Committee on Renewable Energy, Commerce and Trade) for 1991 is presented as a series of highlights and photographs of projects underway in Mexico, Guatemala, Montserrat, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and others.

  6. Water Hammer Elimination: A Case Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venkatesan, V. V.; Harun, S. D.; Karthikeyan, P. S.

    2005-01-01

    CASE STUDY VEN V. VENKATESAN, SAMSUDIN DATO HARUN, P. S. KARTHIKEYAN, Director of Engineering, Manager (Process Engineering), Senior Manager, Technical Services Armstrong Service, Inc. MTBE Malaysia Sdn Bhd. 8545 Commodity Circle...

  7. It is an honor and great pleasure for the Department of Mathematics Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta INDONESIA, to be entrusted by the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boucherie, Richard J.

    University, Yogyakarta ­ INDONESIA, to be entrusted by the South East Asian Mathematical Society (SEAMS, Nepal, Taiwan, The Netherlands, Germany, Oman, Malaysia, Singapore, The Philippines, and Indonesia (Japan), Prof. H. Marubayashi (Japan), Prof. Y. Hirano (Japan), Prof. Hendra Gunawan (Indonesia), Prof

  8. www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201213

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    . At Princeton, we are committed to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy, enthusiasm of Malaysia Mexico Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Pakistan Peru Poland Portugal Romania Singapore South

  9. www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201112

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy, enthusiasm, and ambition to take full advantage Ireland Italy Jamaica Japan Kenya Korea, Republic of Lebanon Malaysia Mexico Mongolia New Zealand Nigeria

  10. Anti-inflammatory and Cytotoxic Activities of Mango (Mangifera indica L. var Keitt) Polyphenols in Cancer and Non-cancer Breast Fibroblasts in Vitro 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arbizu Berrocal, Shirley

    2013-08-12

    , Gedong, Golek, Madu, Manalagi Israel Haden, Tommy Atkins, Keitt, Maya, Nimrod, Kent, Palmer Malaysia Apple Rumani, Arumanis, Golek, Kuala Selangor 2, Malgoa Myanmar Aug Din, Ma Chit Su, Sein Ta Lone, Shwe Hin Tha Pakistan Anwar Ratol...

  11. Students from India at a Major Research University in the United States: A Phenomenological Study of Transition, Adjustment, and Transformation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chennamsetti, Prashanti

    2011-08-08

    ). A sample size of 2,307 students from eight Asian countries, representing Mainland China, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam and Brunei and 349 students from three European countries representing Finland, Germany and Spain...

  12. A numerical analysis of condenser performance of a seawater desalination system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohamed, Hassan, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01

    This thesis presents the numerical analysis of three type condensers for desalination of seawater system. The condensers that were analyzed were a finned tube condenser that was built in Malaysia desalination plant, a ...

  13. Regional tectonics, differential subsidence, and sediment dispersal patterns: implications for sediment flux to the southern South China Sea and regional filling of sedimentary Basins during Pliocene to the Recent time 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, Mychal Roland

    2003-01-01

    The Nam Con Son, Malay, and West Natuna basins, located offshore of SE Vietnam and Peninsular Malaysia, initially formed during Eocene(?)-Oligocene rifting, and underwent inversion during Miocene time. Following cessation of tectonic activity...

  14. heriot-watt UNiVerSitY Creating Opportunity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    of the most critical drivers for Malaysia's transformation to a high-income nation, with its impact Alison Goligher OBE, Master of Engineering in Petroleum Heriot-Watt Alumni Get In Touch #12;Welcome

  15. Geochemical and sedimentological investigations of Youngest Toba Tuff ashfall deposits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gatti, Emma

    2013-03-12

    sedimentological structures and geometry ...................................................... 90 5.5 Discussion .......................................................................................................................... 91 5.5.1 The local... ..................................................... 97 5.6 Conclusion ......................................................................................................................... 97 CHAPTER 6. DEPOSITIONAL PROCESSES AND SEDIMENTOLOGY OF YTT DEPOSITS IN THE LENGGONG VALLEY, MALAYSIA...

  16. Issue Specific Explanations of China-ASEAN Relationship: Applying the Realist and Constructivist Assumptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Wei-hsieh

    2010-12-29

    islands in South China Sea are a collection of coral reefs, atolls and sand bars covering seventy thousand square miles, whose sovereignty is partly or wholly claimed by China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei and the Philippines (Dosch 2008... Afloat Readiness and Training (CARAT) was an anti-terror program that included six ASEAN countries: Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Brunei. Indeed, the U.S. holds annual CARAT joint exercises with the six countries...

  17. Stability versus Sustainability: Energy Policy in the Gulf Monarchies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krane, Jim

    2013-02-07

      this  misuse  of  resources.  Rent  distribution  was  a  pre?oil  political  tool  even  before  the  formation  of  independent  states  in  the  Gulf,  as  Foley  (2010)  and  Davidson  (2005)  have  shown.4  The  arrival of oil revenues into...  bands at unchanged prices. By the mid?2000s,  these (by then) subsidized prices were seen as a convenient way to distribute oil rents and  maintain  regime  legitimacy.  In  Kuwait,  power  that  costs  nearly  14  US  cents  per  kWh  to  generate and deliver is still sold for less than 1...

  18. An Empirical Growth Model for Major Oil Exporters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esfahani, Hadi Salehi; Mohaddes, Kamiar; Pesaran, M. Hashem

    2012-03-21

    . 3See, for example, Amuzegar (2008) and the British Petroleum Statistical Review of World Energy. 3 Figure 1: Oil Export Revenues to Income Ratios for Major Oil Exporters 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1980 1988 1996 2004 2010 Saudi Arabia Iran Norway Venezuela... shows most other OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) member countries such as Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Nigeria, Algeria, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, and a few countries outside OPEC such as Norway and Russia have similar oil...

  19. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

    1987-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1986 totaled 4,493,973,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,312,254 BOPD), up 22.3% from the revised 1985 total of 3,673,729,000 bbl. Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi, and Oman had significant increased; Iran was the only Middle East country with a significant decrease. New fields went on production in Oman and Yemen Arab Republic, and significant discoveries were reported in Iraq, Yemen Arab Republic, Oman, and Syria. However, exploration was generally down in most countries. Exploration and production operations continued to be affected by war in Iraq and Iran. 8 figures, 7 tables.

  20. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. )

    1989-09-01

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  1. Nuclear energy: Where do we go from here?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muslim, Dato’ Dr Noramly

    2015-04-29

    As Malaysia progresses towards 2020, the depleting resource of oil and gas has forced a re-look at alternatives to replace fossil fuels as energy sources. Among the viable options is nuclear energy, enabling us to meet energy needs and sustain national development in the twenty-first century. Three essential steps Malaysia must take to introduce nuclear power into its energy mix are: energy planning, infrastructure development, and deployment. Malaysia has to face a series of challenges, including public acceptance, waste management, minimizing proliferation risk, and ensuring the security of nuclear plants and materials. Timely development of qualified and competent manpower is a key limiting factor in the development and transfer of nuclear technologies — and education and training take time, effort and money. There is a need for political will. Within the Asian region, China, Korea and Japan are in the forefront in utilizing nuclear power to meet electricity demands. Countries such as UAE, Bangladesh, Vietnam and Turkey are moving ahead with the nuclear option for electricity generation and they have begun planning and construction of nuclear power plants. Against this backdrop, what are Malaysia’s moves? This paper discusses various options and challenges, obstacles and repercussions in meeting future energy demands.

  2. Fourth Interview with Sir Eli Lauterpacht - 20 March 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dingle, Lesley; Bates, Daniel

    2008-06-19

    at environmental impact assessment. There Malaysia obtained a measure of success. Not that the land reclamation was stopped, but that it was to be controlled and developed in discussion with Malaysia. So I have had a continuing interest in environmental... tariffs in which eventually the tribunal decided in favour of Canada. It was a complex technical case; I won’t bother you with the details. 84. 1997. US/Mexico (Metalclad) case. Then there was another case, also under the same agreement [LD...

  3. Africa: the emphasis is exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    Individual country reports on drilling, oil and gas production, and petroleum exploration and reserves are given for Africa. Nigeria was the continent's largest oil producer in 1979, averaging 2.3 million bpd, followed closely by Libya with 2.07 million bpd. Algeria cut production of crude oil in 1979 to a level of 1,194,350 bpd, and increased gas production to 2031 mmcfd. In Egypt, the return of Israeli-occupied oil fields and a surge in productive capacity enabled production averaging 524,000 bpd. Brief country reports are included for Gabon, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Cameroun, Tunisia, Morocco, Zaire, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Niger, Chad, Republic of South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Seychelles Islands, Mauritania, Republic of Mali, Benin, Kenya, Madagascar, Botswana, Gambia, Mozambique, and Senegal.

  4. SPECIAL SEMINAR - The NOTTE experiment, or how to become a Total Solar Eclipse chaser

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    The NOTTE experiment (Neutrino Oscillations with Telescope during Total Eclipse) aims at searching for visible photons emitted through a possible radiative decay of solar neutrinos. The experiment and the expeditions organized by a group of physicists and astrophysicists from INFN and INAF Bologna hunting for Total Solar Eclipses from 1998 to 2006 wil be described. The results of observations performed during total solar eclipse expeditions in 2001 (Zambia) and 2006 (Sahara desert, Libya) are presented and a beautiful photo gallery will be shown. Other peculiar observations that can be made during a solar eclipse are also illustrated. The seminar will be followed by a brief presentation of future camps for solar eclipse chasers and scientists organized in 2008 in Russia, Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia, in 2009 in Shanghai and on the Easter Island in 2010.

  5. Latest Jurassic-early Cretaceous regressive facies, northeast Africa craton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    van Houten, F.B.

    1980-06-01

    Nonmarine to paralic detrital deposits accumulated in six large basins between Algeria and the Arabo-Nubian shield during major regression in latest Jurassic and Early Cretaceous time. The Ghadames Sirte (north-central Libya), and Northern (Egypt) basins lay along the cratonic margin of northeastern Africa. The Murzuk, Kufra, and Southern (Egypt) basins lay in the south within the craton. Data for reconstructing distribution, facies, and thickness of relevant sequences are adequate for the three northern basins only. High detrital influx near the end of Jurassic time and in mid-Cretaceous time produced regressive nubian facies composed largely of low-sinuosity stream and fahdelta deposits. In the west and southwest the Ghadames, Murzuk, and Kufra basins were filled with a few hundred meters of detritus after long-continued earlier Mesozoic aggradation. In northern Egypt the regressive sequence succeeded earlier Mesozoic marine sedimentation; in the Sirte and Southern basins correlative deposits accumulated on Precambrian and Variscan terranes after earlier Mesozoic uplift and erosion. Waning of detrital influx into southern Tunisia and adjacent Libya in the west and into Israel in the east initiated an Albian to early Cenomanian transgression of Tethys. By late Cenomanian time it had flooded the entire cratonic margin, and spread southward into the Murzuk and Southern basins, as well as onto the Arabo-Nubian shield. Latest Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous, mid-Cretaceous, and Late Cretaceous transgressions across northeastern Africa recorded in these sequences may reflect worldwide eustatic sea-level rises. In contrast, renewed large supply of detritus during each regression and a comparable subsidence history of intracratonic and marginal basins imply regional tectonic control. 6 figures.

  6. chariots of fire Tom McNab recalls the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    communities? malcolm baird As I remember it Strathclyde A u T u M N 2 0 0 7 Improving world health Why. And that's no idle boast. Triple accreditation puts us in the top 1% of the world's schools. It IS ALSO AT BAHRAIN DUBAI ABU DHABI HONG KONG GREECE MALAYSIA OMAN SHANGHAI SINGAPORE ZURICH THE ELITE 1

  7. Heriot-Watt University: Equality Impact Assessment Form School All Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    . To ensure compliance with the Examinations and other assessment held around the world in different time examinations requiring to be run at UK, Dubai and Malaysia Campuses, as well as in a significant number zones set up in accordance with the Examinations and other assessment held around the world in different

  8. annual statistics 2O13-2014 Distinctly Global

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasbey, Chris

    - Postgraduate Research (On-campus Scotland) 12 ­ 14 - On-campus Dubai 15 ­ 16 - Undergraduate Exchange, Non and International) 23 ­ 24 - First and Higher Degrees (On-campus Dubai) 25 6 UNDERGRADUATE STUDENT PROGRESSION (ALL, Orkney, Dubai, Malaysia The University's main Edinburgh campus comprises 380 acres of parkland

  9. Sensitivity of population smoke exposure to fire locations in Equatorial Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Daniel J.

    ://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/). 1. Introduction Global palm oil production has more than doubled since 2000 in response to soaring demand (FAO, 2013). Indonesia and Malaysia together account for 86% of the world's production online 19 September 2014 Keywords: Equatorial Asia Adjoint Palm oil Fire Conservation Population

  10. Sensitivity of population smoke exposure to fire locations in Equatorial Asia1 Patrick S. Kim1,*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mickley, Loretta J.

    , Fire, Conservation, Population-Exposure52 53 1. Introduction54 55 Global palm oil and Malaysia together account for 86% of the57 world's production and Indonesia plans to double its output for conversion to32 oil palm plantations, can lead to high smoke concentrations across this densely populated

  11. Policy Choice:Forest or Fuel? The demand for biofuels, driven by the desire to reduce fossil fuel use and CO2 emissions, has resulted in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , the global production of palm oil increased 4.6-fold from 4.5 million to 20.9 million tonnes per year. (1). · Indonesia and Malaysia produce 88 % of the world's palm oil. · Nearly half of a projected 57% increase in palm oil production is due to biofuel demand (3) · Palm oil price is up 70% in 2007 (11

  12. Using Satellite Fire Detection to Calibrate Components of the Fire Weather Index System in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Field, Robert

    Using Satellite Fire Detection to Calibrate Components of the Fire Weather Index System in Malaysia, Indonesia ABSTRACT / Vegetation fires have become an increasing problem in tropical environments as a consequence of socioeconomic pressures and subsequent land-use change. In response, fire management systems

  13. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2012.1124 , 3923-3931 first published online 25 July 20122792012Proc. R. Soc. B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moorcroft, Paul R.

    in tree growth rates across four Variability in solar radiation and temperature explains Supplementary to on October 4, 2012rspb.royalsocietypublishing.orgDownloaded from #12;Variability in solar radiation, Thailand 5 Forest Environment Division, Forest Research Institute of Malaysia, Kepong, Kuala Lumpur 52109

  14. Effects of Black Carbon Aerosols on the Indian Monsoon GERALD A. MEEHL, JULIE M. ARBLASTER,* AND WILLIAM D. COLLINS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arblaster, Julie

    radiation reaching the surface during the dry season, as noted in previous studies. The increased meridional, Thailand, and Malaysia, as seen in observations. During the summer monsoon season, the model experiments of India, Bangladesh, Burma, and Thailand. Analysis of single ensemble members from the multiple

  15. 5.1 ______________________ Climate regulation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, Nick A

    , Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor-Leste and Vietnam the hydrology of SE Asia are the precipitation and net radiation. The delivery of precipitation to the land is generated by convective cells. The high input of solar radiation in the tropical SE Asia gives rise to high

  16. National Woodfuels and Wood Energy Information Analysis Prepared by: Koh Mok Poh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desk Study on National Woodfuels and Wood Energy Information Analysis MALAYSIA Prepared by: Koh Mok.(Hoi, 1991) With the urbanisation of the population and an increasing standard of living, the energy shift area. d) Being a poor man's fuel, it can not command inflationary fair price e) The increasing cost

  17. Figure 1 (a) Gatewing imagery, nest collectors longhouse, Gomantong. (b) Gatewing imagery draped over reconstructed digital surface model, Gomantong Hill.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McFarlane, Donald A.

    AND AUTONOMOUS DRONE SURFACE-HOTOGRAMMETRY AT GOMANTONG CAVES, SABAH, MALAYSIA D. A. McFarlane1 , M. Buchroithner, by integrating aerial photogrammetry using an autonomous drone, three-dimensional cave laser scanning over the site using a Gatewing X100 autonomous drone (http://www.gatewing. com/X100), an aerial vehicle

  18. The Importance of Asia Economic and Geopolitical Considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riley, Shawn J.

    million · #1 China: 1,368 million · #2 India: 1,268 million · #4 Indonesia: 255 million · #6 Pakistan: 189: 7.5% · China: 7.3% · Egypt: 6.8% · Malaysia: 5.8% · Pakistan: 5.4% · Indonesia 5.0% · Source Sea #12;Territorial Disputes: South Asia · China-India dispute · Large areas under dispute · Pakistan

  19. Successful Economic Development in a Multi-Ethnic Society: The Malaysian Case Donald R. Snodgrass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    inequality by undertaking an ambitious affirmative action program -- the New Economic Policy, or NEP questions arise. One is counterfactual: what would have happened in Malaysia in 1970-90 if the NEP had of measures to change the distribution of income and wealth, the analysis suggests that the NEP may actually

  20. FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION BOARD OF TRUSTEES John W. Culver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    , Wash. John Culver is president of Starbucks Coffee China and Asia Pacific. In this role, Culver provides overall leadership to Starbucks company-operated markets in China, Australia, Singapore Starbucks joint-venture and licensed operations in Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Philippines

  1. Soluciones a Problemas de Ingenieria de Rios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    and Environmental Engineering Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 pierre@engr.colostate.edu November 19, 2008 Jiutepec, Mexico Presentation Overview 1. Flashflood in Malaysia 2. Upland Erosion Control 3: Flashflood Impact Example: Vargas Mountains, Venezuela #12;43 #12;44 #12;45 Los Corales Los Corales #12

  2. Sabah barge-mounted power plant in service

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barker, T.

    1995-03-01

    The world`s largest barge-mounted simple-cycle power plant, constructed by the Sabah Shipyards in Malaysia, is now in service in the Philippines. Construction of similar barges from Westinghouse should begin shortly. This paper discusses in brief the projects in progress at present and prospects in the Asian market from the perspective of the manufacturers.

  3. Promoting responsible FM & timber trade in South East Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5 Import countries account for >55% from 04-07 Top 5 Export trade partners Account for >62% from 04-07 Malaysia U S Indonesia· ·Russia Thailand U S Japan China HK U K Korea #12;Theory of Change Land Manager

  4. Jnosi Imre Krmn Krnyezeti ramlsok Hallgati Laboratrium,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jánosi, Imre M.

    kiadások + export - import purchasing power parity (PPP) vásárlóer-paritás #12;#12;fertilitás (termékenység,000 GDP per capita (PPP, $2000) PrimaryEnergypercapita(GJ) Source: UN and DOE EIA Russia data 1992-2004 only US Australia Russia Brazil China India S. Korea Mexico Ireland Greece France UK Japan Malaysia

  5. Action on illegal logging: measuring UNECE/FAO and WTO workshop: Emerging trade measures in timber markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa Russia PNG & Solomons Malaysia Indonesia Burma Brazil #12;5 Exports to sensitive markets (1) · `Sensitive' markets: Australia, EU, New Zealand, US · Exports from producer countries to sensitive market to plywood exports to Nigeria ­ Cameroon's share is also falling (90%-70%), due to logs going to China

  6. Seneca Creek Associates, LLC Wood Resources International, LLC "Illegal" Logging and Global Wood Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    products exporters competing in the global market. This study was commissioned by the American Forest of illegally produced and traded wood products on the ability of U.S. producers to export into key overseas · Indonesia · Japan · Malaysia · Europe (EU-15) · West/Central Africa · Russia Collectively, these countries

  7. PACIFIC ECONOMIC BULLETIN Pacific Economic Bulletin Volume 22 Number 1 March 2007 Asia Pacific Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Malaysia, and Russia, and claimed that1 · each year, US$23 billion of forest products are produced globally traded globally is of suspicious origin, and · if all exports associated with illegally harvested logs would enable the United States to increase its sawnwood, wood panel and roundwood exports by over US$460

  8. Interview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacques, Martin; Macfarlane, Alan

    up in 1973) and I had no children; now with money and time, a friend who had just been to East Asia encouraged me to go to Hong Kong, Southern China, Singapore, ending on an island off Malaysia to enjoy the sun; it was a holiday that changed my life...

  9. Mallomonas kalinae (Synurophyceae), a new species of alga from northern Bohemia, Czech Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    recorded as M. cf. rasilis from Malaysia, Australia and Papua New Guinea (Dürrschmidt & Croome 1985, Vyverman & Cronberg 1993), and as M. rasilis from Australia and Central Europe (Croome & Tyler 1988 with distilled water and the cells on the fil- ter were dehydrated through a graded ethanol series. The filter

  10. SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS SEPTEMBER 18, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS SEPTEMBER 18, 2013 #12;No. 1 SABIC BY THE NUMBERS #12;No. 2 OUR GLOBAL Technology Centers United States of America · Netherlands · Spain · Saudi Arabia · India · China Application · Malaysia · South Korea · Japan #12;No. 3 INGENUITY DRIVEN BY TECHNOLOGY & INNOVATION Practical innovation

  11. Oil palm vegetation liquor: a new source of phenolic bioactives Ravigadevi Sambanthamurthi1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinskey, Anthony J.

    Oil palm vegetation liquor: a new source of phenolic bioactives Ravigadevi Sambanthamurthi1 *, Yew , Krishnan Subramaniam5 , Soon-Sen Leow1 , Kenneth C. Hayes6 and Mohd Basri Wahid1 1 Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6, Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang Selangor, Malaysia 2 Malaysian Palm Oil

  12. Postgraduate Prospectus 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    Studies 141 Economics 142 Education 143 Geography 145 Law 147 Methods and Data 148 Politics and International Relations 149 Sociology and Social Policy 151 Overseas campuses 153 China Campus 155 Malaysia of Engineering 81 Research divisions Architecture and Urbanism 83 Electrical Systems and Optics 85 Energy

  13. Postgraduate Prospectus 2014 The UK's global university

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    Politics and International Relations 154 Sociology and Social Policy 155 International campuses 156 China An alumni community of over graduates 200,000 international campuses in China and Malaysia and strong links and Urbanism 90 Electrical Systems and Optics 91 Energy and Sustainability 92 Infrastructure and Geomatics 93

  14. Postgraduate Prospectus 2015 Britain's global university

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    Systems and Optics 77 Energy and Sustainability 78 Infrastructure, Geomatics and Architecture 80 132 Methods and Data 133 Politics and International Relations 134 Sociology and Social Policy 135 International campuses 136 China Campus 138 Malaysia Campus 140 Further information 142 Sources of funding 144

  15. McGuffey Art Center Spotlight Series SCIENCE & ART PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    the psychological effects of social and political trauma, natural disaster or illness on individuals, families, China, Israel, Malaysia, South #12;Korea, New Zealand, Japan, Canada and Taiwan. To learn more, visit as a like-minded community using psychodrama, shamanic energy medicine, and art therapy. #12;

  16. Moving away from Erindi-roukambe: Transferability of a rural community-based co-design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    Moving away from Erindi-roukambe: Transferability of a rural community-based co-design Heike have fostered and enriched design decisions. Recognizing that indigenous rural communities our approach at three other rural sites, two in Namibia and one in East Malaysia. The communities

  17. INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ADVANCES IN PLANT SCIENCE (ICAPS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE 2ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ADVANCES IN PLANT SCIENCE (ICAPS) Prepared by Waafeka Vardien (Stellenbosch University) The second International Conference on Advances in Plant Sciences in November (2014 in Sarawak, Malaysia. The aim of the conference was to showcase advances in botanical research

  18. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 54 (2010) 163170 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lupi, Frank

    2010-01-01

    , Malaysia b Department of Agriculture, Food and Resource Economics, Michigan State University, Agriculture: Recycling Drop-off programs Drop-off sites Curbside programs Waste management Recycling behavior a b s t r a c t To reduce the amount of waste entering landfills, policymakers and governments have implemented

  19. HYDROPOWER RESERVOIR FOR FLOOD CONTROL: A CASE STUDY ON RINGLET RESERVOIR, CAMERON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    HYDROPOWER RESERVOIR FOR FLOOD CONTROL: A CASE STUDY ON RINGLET RESERVOIR, CAMERON HIGHLANDS, Malaysia 4 Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Colorado State University, USA ABSTRACT: Hydropower as possible for daily hydropower generation as well as to prevent any spillage at dam. However

  20. Presentation 2.6: Wood waste for energy: lessons learnt from tropical regions Paul Vantomme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the production chain MalaysiaResearch and development in energy alternative from biomass through briquetting and forest industries GhanaDevelopment of energy alternatives for the efficient utilization of woodPresentation 2.6: Wood waste for energy: lessons learnt from tropical regions Paul Vantomme

  1. SUSSEX UNIVERSITY School of Global Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    & Migration in a Muslim Craft Community of North India February 10th Lauren Greenwood (Sussex University(Leiden University) The Devotion to Santa Muerte: Crisis, Violence and Popular Religiosity in Mexico March 3rd: Migration Brokers and Employers in the Indonesia-Malaysia Borderland #12;

  2. Technology report INTERIORS IMATERIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    by 40% Today's electric vehicle (EV) batteries can pro- vide only enough power to propel them 100 mi bank. Thermal battery "A thermal battery charges and discharges much like an electrical battery, except, Mexico,United Kingdom, Taiwan, Russia, Belarus, Egypt, Hong Kong, Romania,Italy, Malaysia, Ukraine

  3. Forests, Water and People in the Humid Tropics, ed. M. Bonell and L.A. Bruijnzeel. Published by Cambridge University Press. UNESCO 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, Nick A

    Forests, Water and People in the Humid Tropics, ed. M. Bonell and L.A. Bruijnzeel. Published Minimising the hydrological impact of forest harvesting in Malaysia's rain forests to the use of tracked vehicles ('skidders') and haulage lorries, such extraction is slow and costly

  4. Astronomical and Astrophysical Transactions, 2000, Vol. 00, pp. 1{4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gnedin, Oleg Y.

    from the publisher Photocopying permitted by license only c 2000 OPA (Overseas Publishers Association) N.V. Published by license under the Gordon and Breach Science Publishers imprint Printed in Malaysia and second order energy changes of stars with the initial energy per unit mass E (Gnedin, Lee & Ostriker 1999

  5. Copyright 2008, International Petroleum Technology Conference This paper was prepared for presentation at the International Petroleum Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fossen, Haakon

    Copyright 2008, International Petroleum Technology Conference This paper was prepared for presentation at the International Petroleum Technology Conference held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 3­5 December not been reviewed by the International Petroleum Technology Conference and are subject to correction

  6. List of Accepted Summer Interns (2013) May-June Batch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    .-K. Chou Narai**** Chin*** (THAILAND) Dr. George T.F. Wong MCB Sand*** Satap****(INDIA) Dr. Cheng** Sah** (INDIA) Dr. Yeng-Long Chen Sanch*** Bis*** (INDIA) Dr. Chia-Fu Chou Sach** Vi*** Mul** (INDIA**** (PHILIPPINES) Dr. Paul E. Verslues HEN** AKR*** DO** (GHANA) KA* SYUA* L** (MALAYSIA) Dr. Pei-Wen Hsiao Mu

  7. International Services Fall 2013 Total Enrollment = 2657

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Systems Finance Business Administration Electrical Engineering 37 38 38 40 43 48 49 71 79 79 88 141 Top 10.26% Lithuania 1 0.04% Macedonia 1 0.04% Malawi 1 0.04% Malaysia 12 0.45% Mali 1 0.04% Mauritius 3 0.11% Mexico

  8. Towards sustainable land administration systems: Designing for long-term value creation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    3-7-2014 1 Towards sustainable land administration systems: Designing for long-term value creation Zevenbergen Towards sustainable land administration systems Designing for long-term value creation `There, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 16 ­ 21 June 2014 3-7-2014 2 Towards sustainable land administration systems

  9. Issue 5 October 2010 Why Free Plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simonson, Shai

    'Silva). A lot of people have been compar- ing Hacker Monthly to Wired (or the old Wired), and Ruben's article contact@hackermonthly.com Published by Netizens Media 46, Taylor Road, 11600 Penang, Malaysia. HACKER MONTHLY is the print magazine version of Hacker News -- news.ycombinator.com -- a social news website

  10. PostQuantum Signatures Johannes Buchmann Carlos Coronado Martin D oring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Abstract Digital signatures have become a key technology for making the Internet and other signatures have become a key technology for making the Internet and other IT infrastructures secure. Digital, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama

  11. Post-Quantum Signatures Johannes Buchmann Carlos Coronado Martin Doring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Abstract Digital signatures have become a key technology for making the Internet and other signatures have become a key technology for making the Internet and other IT infrastructures secure. Digital, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland

  12. Root Morphological and Physiological Bases to Understand Genotypic Control of Mineral Acquisition in Rice Grains 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittoori, Ratnaprabha 1982-

    2012-11-28

    differences. 2. Root traits of high grain-Mo genotypes and acid tolerance ? Most of the genotypes selected for high grain-Mo originated from Malaysia, or nearby Brunei, characterized by acidic soils where Mo is strongly adsorbed to soil and not readily...

  13. Global Trends in High Performance Research and Education Networking (REN)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Javed I.

    of history, having people who understand your thought is much greater security than another submarine." -J ignorance" -Derek Bok, -President Emeritus, Harvard #12;INTERNET2INTERNET2 US universities always needed, Malaysia, 2006 Internet, Internet2 and RENInternet, Internet2 and REN · Internet emerged as ARPANET

  14. New constraints in absorptive capacity and the optimum rate of petroleum output

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mallakh, R

    1980-01-01

    Economic policy in four oil-producing countries is analyzed within a framework that combines a qualitative assessment of the policy-making process with an empirical formulation based on historical and current trends in these countries. The concept of absorptive capacity is used to analyze the optimum rates of petroleum production in Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. A control solution with an econometric model is developed which is then modified for alternative development strategies based on analysis of factors influencing production decisions. The study shows the consistencies and inconsistencies between the goals of economic growth, oil production, and exports, and the constraints on economic development. Simulation experiments incorporated a number of the constraints on absorptive capacity. Impact of other constraints such as income distribution and political stability is considered qualitatively. (DLC)

  15. Saudi Aramco describes crisis oil flow hike

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-02

    On Aug. 2, 1990, Iraqi forces invaded Kuwait and triggered one of the most severe crises in the world's oil supplies since World War II. Within a few days of the invasion, Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports were embargoed, and almost 4.6 million b/d oil of production was removed from world markets. This shortfall amounted to about 20% of total Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries production at the time and could have proven disastrous to the world's industrial and financial well-being. However, there was no disruption to the major economies of the world. This paper reports that the primary reason for the cushioning of this impact was the massive expansion in production undertaken by Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco).

  16. Middle Eastern power systems; Present and future developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-01

    Middle Eastern Power systems have evolved independently of each other over many decades. The region covers a wide geographical area of over 4 million square kilometers with an estimated population in 1990 of over 120 million people. This paper discusses the present status and future power system developments in the Middle East with emphasis on the Mashrequ Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, and the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Interconnections within MAC and possible extensions to Turkey, Europe, and Central Africa are discussed. A common characteristic of the MAC power systems is that they are all operated by government or semi-government bodies. The energy resources in the region are varied. Countries such as Iraq, Egypt, and Syria have significant hydro power resources. On the other hand, the GCC countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel reserves.

  17. Household energy use in non-OPEC developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernandez, J.C.

    1980-05-01

    Energy use in the residential sector in India, Brazil, Mexico, the Republic of Korea, the Sudan, Pakistan, Malaysia, and Guatemala is presented. Whenever possible, information is included on the commercial fuels (oil, gas, coal, and electricity) and on what are termed noncommercial fuels (firewood, animal dung, and crop residues). Of special interest are the differences in the consumption patterns of urban and rural areas, and of households at different income levels. Where the data allow, the effect of household size on energy consumption is discussed. Section II is an overview of the data for all eight countries. Section III examines those areas (India, Brazil, Mexico City) for which data exist on the actual quantity of energy consumed by households. Korea, the Sudan, and Pakistan, which collect data on household expenditures on fuels, are discussed in Section IV. The patterns of ownership of energy-using durables in Malaysia and Guatemala are discussed in Section V. (MCW)

  18. Supramolecular Polymer Networks Based on Cucurbit[ 8]uril Host-Guest Interactions as Aqueous Photo- Rheological Fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Cindy S.Y.; del Barrio, Jesús; Liu, Ji; Scherman, Oren A.

    2015-08-11

    and reversibly change the rheological properties of these smart fluids, upon application of an external stimulus, have made them attrac- tive for intelligent devices, such as valves, haptic controllers, tac- tile displays, clutches and shock absorbers of vehicles... of the azoben- zene photoswitch, bestowed by the dynamic CB[8]-guest interac- tions, could thus be valuable for use in microscale flow-control devices and sensors. 4 Acknowledgements C.S.Y.T. thanks Ministry of Education of Malaysia and MARA University...

  19. Resveratrol tetramer of hopeaphenol isolated from Shorea johorensis (Dipterocarpaceae)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aisha, Farra; Din, Laily B.; Yaacob, W. A. [School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

    2014-09-03

    Hopeaphenol (1) as a resveratrol tetramer was isolated from the bark of Shorea johorensis collected from Imbak Canyon, Sabah, Malaysia. The structure of this compound was determined by the spectroscopic evidences using {sup 1}H- and {sup 13}C-NMR assigned with HSQC, HMBC, {sup 1}H?{sup 1}H COSY and {sup 1}H?{sup 1}H NOESY spectra, mass spectrum, and by comparison with reported data.

  20. Corruption and Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aidt, Toke S.

    the exploitation of natural resources to corruption is also abundant, ranging from kick-backs associated with logging concessions in Malaysia and Indonesia to oil concessions in Nigeria. (Rose-Ackerman (1999, chapter 3) provides many more examples... . It is used to account for energy depletion, mineral depletion, and net forest depletion by subtracting an estimate of the relevant resource rents from net national savings. These rents are calculated as the market price of the resource minus average...

  1. Diversity within Unity: Import Laws of Islamic Countries on Haram (Forbidden) Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj; Keating, Shannon

    2014-05-15

    Not surprisingly, different Islamic Members of the WTO have staked out different positions; Indonesia and Malaysia take a liberal view, permitting importation, while Brunei and Pakistan bar it.44 Brunei has a tiny exception for small amounts of beer or wine... Global Alcohol Policy: Current Directions, in ALCOHOL: SCIENCE, POLICY, AND PUBLIC HEALTH 395, 396 (Peter Boyle et al. eds., 2013); see Tables. 45. See Brunei Darussalam: Alcohol Advisory, TRIP ADVISOR (Sept. 16, 2010), http://www.tripadvisor.com/ Travel...

  2. Development and methodology of level 1 probability safety assessment at PUSPATI TRIGA Reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maskin, Mazleha; Tom, Phongsakorn Prak; Lanyau, Tonny Anak; Saad, Mohamad Fauzi; Ismail, Ahmad Razali; Abu, Mohamad Puad Haji [Malaysian Nuclear Agency, MOSTI, Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor (Malaysia); Brayon, Fedrick Charlie Matthew [Atomic Energy Licensing Board, MOSTI, 43800 Dengkil, Selangor (Malaysia); Mohamed, Faizal [Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

    2014-02-12

    As a consequence of the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant in Japan, the safety aspects of the one and only research reactor (31 years old) in Malaysia need be reviewed. Based on this decision, Malaysian Nuclear Agency in collaboration with Atomic Energy Licensing Board and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia develop a Level-1 Probability Safety Assessment on this research reactor. This work is aimed to evaluate the potential risks of incidents in RTP and at the same time to identify internal and external hazard that may cause any extreme initiating events. This report documents the methodology in developing a Level 1 PSA performed for the RTP as a complementary approach to deterministic safety analysis both in neutronics and thermal hydraulics. This Level-1 PSA work has been performed according to the procedures suggested in relevant IAEA publications and at the same time numbers of procedures has been developed as part of an Integrated Management System programme implemented in Nuclear Malaysia.

  3. Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haun, R.R.; Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C.

    1997-05-12

    Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

  4. Why the Gulf War still matters: Foreign perspectives on the war and the future of international security. Report No. 16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrity, P.J.

    1993-07-01

    This report summarizes the main findings of a Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) project that examined how a number of nations other than the United States have reacted to the course and outcome of the Persian Gulf War of 1991. The project was built around studies of key countries on which the Gulf War might reasonably be expected to have had a significant impact: Argentina, the ASEAN states, Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Libya, North Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Syria, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Vietnam, and the states of the former Yugoslavia. These country studies were written by well-recognized independent experts following a common set of guidelines provided by CNSS. When the country studies were completed, they were reviewed and supplemented through a series of peer assessments and workshops. The report represents a synthesis of material generated through this process, and is intended to stimulate thought and further analysis on the critical topics discussed herein.

  5. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-15

    This August 15, 1991, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1991, through June 30, 1991. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage facilities development program is proceeding on schedule. The Reserve's capacity is currently 726 million barrels. A total of 5.5 million barrels of new gross cavern volume was developed at Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw during the quarter. There were no crude oil deliveries to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve during the calendar quarter ending June 30, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of June 30, 1991, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve inventory was 568.5 million barrels. The reorganization of the Office of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve became effective June 28, 1991. Under the new organization, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Project Management Office in Louisiana will report to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program Office in Washington rather than the Oak Ridge Field Office in Tennessee. 2 tabs.

  6. Gulf Cooperation Council: Arabia's model of integration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Etaibi, G.T.

    1984-01-01

    This study is an analysis of the foundations and emergence in 1981 of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), which consists of six traditional Arab Gulf states (the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, and Kuwait). It finds the GCC to be a unique case among twentieth-century integrative schemes. The study also identifies and analyzes relevant local, regional, and international forces. Among the local forces are traditional religio-political systems, economic dependence on a depletable resource, and the presence of a large number of foreign residents. On the regional level, this study takes into consideration such issues as the Arab League, Arab Nationalism, and the Islamic revolutionary movement in Iran. On the international level, the influence of the superpowers and the major industrialized nations on the emergence and future of the GCC Community are analyzed. Throughout the past decade there has been a growing scholarly interest in the Gulf region. In preparation for this study, the author relied heavily on the literature generated by this new research, as well as on documents and official publications, mostly in Arabic. A survey was conducted among a limited number of GCC graduate students during the summer of 1983. In addition, interviews with selected members of the GCC Secretariat-General and various member-state officials were conducted during a research trip in the region in the spring of 1984.

  7. Global warming and the regions in the Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alvi, S.H.; Elagib, N.

    1996-12-31

    The announcement of NASA scientist James Hansen made at a United States Senate`s hearing in June 1988 about the onset of global warming ignited a whirlwind of public concern in United States and elsewhere in the world. Although the temperature had shown only a slight shift, its warming has the potential of causing environmental catastrophe. According to atmosphere scientists, the effect of higher temperatures will change rainfall patterns--some areas getting drier, some much wetter. The phenomenon of warming in the Arabian Gulf region was first reported by Alvi for Bahrain and then for Oman. In the recent investigations, the authors have found a similar warming in other regions of the Arabian Gulf and in several regions of Sudan in Africa. The paper will investigate the observed data on temperature and rainfall of Seeb in Oman, Bahrain, International Airport in Kuwait as index stations for the Arabian Gulf and Port Sudan, Khartoum and Malakal in the African Continent of Sudan. Based on various statistical methods, the study will highlight a drying of the regions from the striking increase in temperature and decline of rainfall amount. Places of such environmental behavior are regarded as desertifying regions. Following Hulme and Kelly, desertification is taken to mean land degradation in dryland regions, or the permanent decline in the potential of the land to support biological activity, and hence human welfare. The paper will also, therefore, include the aspect of desertification for the regions under consideration.

  8. The motor gasoline industry: Past, present, and future. [Contains glossary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    Motor gasoline constitutes the largest single component of US demand for petroleum products and is the Nation's most widely used transportation fuel. Because of its importance as a transportation fuel, motor gasoline has been the focus of several regulatory and tax policy initiatives in recent years. Much of the US refining capacity is specifically geared toward maximizing motor gasoline production, and future investments by the petroleum industry in refining infrastructure are likely to be made largely to produce larger volumes of clean motor gasoline. This report addresses major events and developments that have had an impact on motor gasoline supply, distribution, prices, and demand. The report provides historical perspective as well as analyses of important events from the 1970's and 1980's. Long-term forecasts are provided for the period from 1990 to 2010 in an effort to present and analyze possible future motor gasoline trends. Other forecasts examine the near-term impact of the invasion of Kuwait. 18 figs., 10 tabs.

  9. Saudi Aramco details 1990 surge in oil production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-12

    This paper reports on Saudi Arabian Oil Co. that has jumped its crude oil production 29% to an average 6,257,600 b/d last year. That was Saudi Arabia's response to Iraq's Aug. 2, 1990, invasion of Kuwait and the ensuing Persian Gulf crisis with its United Nations embargo on Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports. It was Saudi Aramco's biggest average crude oil volume since the 6,327,220 b/d gauged in 1982, according to the company's 1990 annual report. By the end of 1990 Saudi Aramco's maximum sustained production capability was 8.5 million b/d of crude. To meet long term demand, it decided to advance the timetable and increase the scope of a crude oil expansion program adopted in 1989. Reserves at the end of the year were 257.9 billion bbl of crude and 180.5 tcf of dissolved, associated, and non-associated natural gas, compared with 257.5 billion bbl and 180.355 tcf at yearend 1989.

  10. 3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Husseini, M. [Gulf PetroLink, Manama (Bahrain); Chimblo, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01

    Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

  11. CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N.

    1991-07-01

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  12. CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N.

    1991-07-01

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  13. Domestic petroleum-product prices around the world. Survey: free market or government price controls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-27

    In this issue, Energy Detente draws from their regular Western and Eastern Hemisphere Fuel Price/Tax Series, each produced monthly, and adds other survey data and analysis for a broad view of 48 countries around the world. They find that seven Latin American nations, including OPEC members Venezuela and Ecuador, are among the ten countries with lowest gasoline prices. In this Fourth Special Price Report, Energy Detente provides a first-time presentation of which prices are government-controlled, and which are free to respond to market forces. South Korea, with fixed prices since 1964, has the highest premium-grade gasoline price in our survey, US $5.38 per gallon. Paraguay, with prices fixed by PETROPAR, the national oil company, has the second highest premium gasoline price, US $4.21 per gallon. Nicaragua, also with government price controls, ranks third highest in the survey, with US $3.38 per gallon for premium gasoline. Kuwait shows the lowest price at US $0.55 per gallon. Several price changes from the previous survey reflect changes in currency exchange as all prices are converted to US dollars. The Energy Detente fuel price/tax series is presented for Western Hemisphere countries.

  14. World oil flow slips in 1991 amid Mideast, U. S. S. R. woes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beck, R.J.

    1992-03-09

    World crude oil production slipped 0.9% in 1991 to average 59,964 million b/d. This paper reports that production declines related to war damage in Kuwait, United Nations sanctions on exports from Iraq, and oil sector woes in the crumbling U.S.S.R. were almost offset by higher production from other members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. OPEC crude production rose 0.6% in 1991 to average 23.425 million b/d, and non-OPEC output fell 1.9% to average 36.539 million b/d in 1991. Excluding the U.S.S.R., non-OPEC production moved up 1.5% to average 26.239 million b/d. World demand inched up about 200,000 b/d, estimates International Energy Agency, and IEA data show about 300,000 b/d was added to stocks in 1991. World crude prices started 1991 at their highest level, then fell off to average $17.82/bbl, down 16.5% from 1990 levels. Meantime, a slight increase in demand is predicted for 1992, and price stability again hinges on OPEC's ability to limit production.

  15. The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

    1995-03-01

    At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

  16. Big questions cloud Iraq's future role in world oil market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tippee, B.

    1992-03-09

    This paper reports that Iraq raises questions for the world oil market beyond those frequently asked about when and under what circumstances it will resume exports. Two wars since 1981 have obscured encouraging results from a 20 year exploration program that were only beginning to come to light when Iraq invaded Kuwait in August 1990. Those results indicate the country might someday be able to produce much more than the 3.2 million b/d it was flowing before a United Nations embargo blocked exports. If exploratory potential is anywhere near what officials asserted in the late 1980s, and if Iraq eventually turns hospitable to international capital, the country could become a world class opportunity for oil companies as well as an exporter with productive capacity approaching that of Saudi Arabia. But political conditions can change quickly. Under a new, secular regime, Iraq might welcome non-Iraqi oil companies and capital as essential to economic recovery. It's a prospect that warrants a new industry look at what the country has revealed about its geology and exploration history.

  17. North Korea: The next nuclear nightmare

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spector, L.S.; Smith, J.R.

    1991-03-01

    The crisis in the Persian Gulf has reawakened concerns over the spread of nuclear arms. Even before its invasion of Kuwait, Iraq's history of aggression and support for international terrorism triggered fears in Washington that its acquisition of nuclear weapons might damage international stability and US interests far more than the emergence of India, Israel, Pakistan, and South Africa as de facto nuclear powers. Thus, when the Gulf War began on January 16, Iraq's nuclear sites were among the first attacked by allied air strikes. Unfortunately, Iraq has not been the only hostile proliferator looming on the horizon. North Korea, which has been no less dedicated than Iraq to the use of violence to advance its expansionist goals, has also tenaciously pursued a nuclear-weapons capability. Moreover, the North Korean program is considerably closer to bearing fruit than the Iraqi effort. And although North Korea, like Iraq, has signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, unlike Iraq it has refused to conclude the safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency that the treaty requires.

  18. Preliminary thoughts concerning potential US Army threats/roles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, R.A.; Solomon, K.A.; Miles, J.T.

    1991-06-01

    The rate at which the current world military/political perspective is changing demands consideration of a broader spectrum of potential threats then has been the case for the past few decades--during which the Soviet Union was the preeminent threat. Seemingly overnight, the cold war ceased, the requirement for massive U.S. military counters to the Soviet Union forces faded, and an era of constant (obvious) military threat disappeared. This situation has in turn been revolutionized by the Iraq invasion of Kuwait and the U.S. response. The paper addresses part of the problem facing military planners by defining a spectrum of threats that typify those the U.S. Army might face over the next decade or two. The purpose of the threat set is to support the evaluation of the effectiveness and usefulness, to the U.S. Army, of advanced technologies. The set of threats is intended to provide a complete set of characteristics rather then to be a complete list of the possibilities; it is illustrative rather than exhaustive. Although largely completed before the war with Iraq started, its content is still valid in that its purpose is to provide a framework for thinking about future U.S. Army technology needs.

  19. Oil and gas development in Middle East in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.; Phillips, C.B.

    1988-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1987 totaled an estimated 4,500,500,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,330,137 b/d), up slightly from the revised 1986 total of 4,478,972,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic had significant increases; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia had significant decreases. Production was established for the first time in People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. New fields went on production in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, and Syria, and significant oil discoveries were reported in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic. The level of exploration increased in 1987 with new concessions awarded in some countries, drilling and seismic activities on the increase, new regions in mature areas explored for the first time, and significant reserve additions reported in new and old permits. The Iraq-Iran war still had a negative impact in some regions of the Middle East, particularly in and around the Gulf. 11 figs., 4 tabs.

  20. Electric network interconnection of Mashreq Arab Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Amin, I.M.; Al-Shehri, A.M.; Opoku, G.; Al-Baiyat, S.A.; Zedan, F.M.

    1994-12-01

    Power system interconnection is a well established practice for a variety of technical and economical reasons. Several interconnected networks exist worldwide for a number of factors. Some of these networks cross international boundaries. This presentation discusses the future developments of the power systems of Mashreq Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Yemen. Mac power systems are operated by government or semigovernment bodies. Many of these countries have national or regional electric grids but are generally isolated from each other. With the exception of Saudi Arabia power systems, which employ 60 Hz, all other MAC utilities use 50 Hz frequency. Each country is served by one utility, except Saudi Arabia, which is served by four major utilities and some smaller utilities serving remote towns and small load centers. The major utilities are the Saudi Consolidated electric Company in the Eastern Province (SCECO East), SCECO Center, SCECO West, and SCECO South. These are the ones considered in this study. The energy resources in MAC are varied. Countries such as Egypt, Iraq, and Syria have significant hydro resources.The gulf countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel, The variation in energy resources as well as the characteristics of the electric load make it essential to look into interconnections beyond the national boundaries. Most of the existing or planned interconnections involve few power systems. A study involving 12 countries and over 20 utilities with different characteristics represents a very large scale undertaking.

  1. Gamma greenhouse: A chronic facility for crops improvement and agrobiotechnology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Azhar, M. Ahsanulkhaliqin, A. W.

    2014-02-12

    Gamma irradiation is one of the most common procedures in plant mutagenesis and agrobiotechnology activities. The procedures consist of chronic and acute gamma radiation. Generally, {sup 60}Co and {sup 137}Cs are gamma radiation sources for radiation processing with relatively high energy (half-life 5.27 years for {sup 60}Co and 30.1 years for {sup 137}Cs). The energy associated with gamma radiation is high enough to break the molecular bonds and ionize atoms without affecting structure of the atomic nucleus (avoiding induction of radioactivity). The Gamma Green House (GGH) is the only chronic irradiation facility in Malaysia, located at Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia). GGH is used for induction of mutation in plants and other biological samples at low dose radiation over period of time depending on the nature and sensitivity of the plant species. The GGH consist of circular green house with 30 meters radius, control room and irradiator with interlock system. The irradiator produces low dose gamma radiation derived from Caesium-137 radioactive source. The biological samples can be exposed to low dose radiation in days, weeks, months or years. The current irradiation rate for GGH is 2.67 Gy/hr at 1 meter from the source. Chronic gamma irradiation produces a wider mutation spectrum and useful for minimizing radiation damages towards obtaining new improved traits for research and commercial values. The prospect of the gamma greenhouse is its uses in research, educations and services on induced mutation techniques for the improvement of plant varieties and microbes. In generating awareness and attract users to the facility, Nuclear Malaysia provides wide range of irradiation services for plant species and mutagenesis consultancies to academicians, students scientists, and plant breeders, from local universities, other research institutes, and growers. Charges for irradiation and consultancy services are at nominal rates. The utilization activities of the gamma greenhouse mainly cover Research and Development, Research Collaboration, Exchange of Information, Irradiation Services, Training Programs, Education, Exchange of Scientists and Seminars/ Conferences.

  2. International oil companies in the Far East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mlotok, P.

    1984-10-01

    All of the major international oil companies have extensive operations in the Far East, and in most cases, these operations account for a significant part of their worldwide earnings. In the refining and marketing end of the business, near-term profitability could be hampered by problems in the Singapore refining center. An expansion of Indonesian refining capacity has reduced profits from processing arrangements, and new Saudi product exports will enter Singapore starting this year. Longer term, however, the strong economic growth in the region renders it a highly attractive area in which to operate. On the producing end, rising output will boost profits for the international oil companies in Indonesia and Malaysia. Caltex (a 50/50 joint venture between Chevron and Texaco) is one of the largest marketers in the Far East. It will not initially be affected greatly by the Singapore refinery problem, as its production from this area goes directly into its own marketing system rather than into the open market. Exxon is a medium-size marketer with especially strong positions in Japan, Malaysia and Thailand. However, the company could be vulnerable to near-term problems in Singapore. Mobil, another medium-size marketer, has a very strong position in Japan but problems in Australia. As those problems are corrected, earnings should grow over time. The Royal Dutch Shell Group is one of the largest marketers in the Far East, with good positions in Singapore, Malaysia and Australia. Shell will have difficulty adjusting to the changing conditions in Singapore, but once this is complete, downstream earnings growth should resume. British Petroleum (BP) has a smaller upstream and downstream presence than the other international oils. Estimated 1983 Far East earnings are tabulated for these five companies. 5 figures.

  3. Implementation of optimum solar electricity generating system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, Balbir Singh Mahinder Karim, Samsul Ariffin A.; Sivapalan, Subarna; Najib, Nurul Syafiqah Mohd; Menon, Pradeep

    2014-10-24

    Under the 10{sup th} Malaysian Plan, the government is expecting the renewable energy to contribute approximately 5.5% to the total electricity generation by the year 2015, which amounts to 98MW. One of the initiatives to ensure that the target is achievable was to establish the Sustainable Energy Development Authority of Malaysia. SEDA is given the authority to administer and manage the implementation of the feed-in tariff (FiT) mechanism which is mandated under the Renewable Energy Act 2011. The move to establish SEDA is commendable and the FiT seems to be attractive but there is a need to create awareness on the implementation of the solar electricity generating system (SEGS). In Malaysia, harnessing technologies related to solar energy resources have great potential for implementation. However, the main issue that plagues the implementation of SEGS is the intermittent nature of this source of energy. The availability of sunlight is during the day time, and there is a need for electrical energy storage system, so that there is electricity available during the night time as well. The meteorological condition such as clouds, haze and pollution affects the SEGS as well. The PV based SEGS is seems to be promising electricity generating system that can contribute towards achieving the 5.5% target and will be able to minimize the negative effects of utilizing fossil fuels for electricity generation on the environment. Malaysia is committed to Kyoto Protocol, which emphasizes on fighting global warming by achieving stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. In this paper, the technical aspects of the implementation of optimum SEGS is discussed, especially pertaining to the positioning of the PV panels.

  4. Nonlinearities in Cross-Country Growth Regressions: A Bayesian Averaging of Thresholds (BAT) Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cuaresma, Jesus Crespo; Doppelhofer, Gernot

    levels. Papageor- giou (2002) finds evidence that sets of countries with different openness levels tend to differ in the statistical model relating economic growth to other economic variables.11 The results presented below were obtained with ten million... interactions in the interval between 7.26 (corresponding to the initial GDP per capita of Malaysia) and 7.45 (corresponding to the initial GDP per capita of Algeria). It should be noted that for simulations run setting m¯=2 (that is, consid- ering only...

  5. Asia-Pacific focus of coming LNG trade boom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-11-16

    This paper reports that the Asia-Pacific region remains the centerpiece of a booming world trade in liquefied natural gas. Biggest growth in LNG demand is expected from some of the region's strongest economies such as Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan, Key LNG exporters such as Brunei, Malaysia, and Indonesia are scrambling to implement projects to meet that expected demand growth. Uncertainties cloud the outlook for Far East LNG trade, Australia, for one, is more cautious in pressing expansion of its LNG export capacity as more competing LNG expansions spring up around the world, notably in the Middle East and Africa.

  6. Options for developing countries in mining development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walrond, G.W.; Kumar, R.

    1985-01-01

    This book is a study of the issues that developing countries face in planning and implementing mineral development, taking as case studies Botswana, Sierra Leone, Zambia, Tanzania, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and the developed states of Quebec and Western Australia. The authors consider the major aspects of the matter including organization and administration; regulation; taxation and surplus distribution; the dynamics of such instruments as royalty, rent resource tax and capital allowances under various cost/price scenarios; and selected mining agreements and their key provisions. They stress throughout the need for foreign investment while maximizing the economic benefits reaped from exhaustible resources.

  7. Asian success stories in promoting energy efficiency in industry and building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Ming

    1996-12-31

    This article describes the program of the International Institute for Energy Conservation (IIEC), which has offices in Washington, Bangkok, Santiago, and London, in addition to staff in a number of other countries. The mission of this private organization is to promote the efficient use of energy as a tool for sustainable development by supporting the development of policies, technologies, and practices. Its focus is on energy efficiency, transportation systems, and renewable energy sources. Examples of specific program activities in Thailand, China, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore are discussed.

  8. How to create a financial crisis by trying to avoid one: the Brazilian 1999-financial collapse as "Macho-Monetarianism" can't handle "Bubble They Neighbour" levels of inflows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palma, José Gabriel

    2012-01-28

    accelerated initially at such speed, the balance of payments deteriorated rapidly. Furthermore, soon afterwards the ‘Tequila effect’, which followed the Mexican crisis of December 1994, began to bite and the Central Bank panicked — an attitude that would... true of Argentina before its first crisis (the ‘Tequila’ one), when its economy grew at 5.8 % (1994). And in East Asia, Korea did so at 7% (1996), Malaysia at 10% and Thailand at 5.9%. In all these countries output fell massively only after...

  9. Pacific rim lures explorationists

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nation, L.

    1991-09-01

    The Pacific Rim has been far and away the most attractive hunting ground for explorationists in the past year. Observers point to political initiatives coupled with a growing demand as igniting the region's numerous hydrocarbon possibilities. This paper describes some of the new incentives and the resultant exploration results and developments in China, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Vietnam. A major sign of the region's political maturity is the willingness for the countries involved to solve the longstanding disputes over the claims in hydrocarbon-prone South China Sea.

  10. Memories of Our Lost Hands: Searching for Feminine Spirituality and Creativity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toyoda, Sonoko

    2006-01-01

    , G. D.j and Kuntz, R. E., 1969 ? all from Far East Elbel, R. E.j and Price, R. D., 1973 a Liukuei and Tzepeng, Taiwan Elbel, R. E.j and Price, R. D., 1973 a Thailand: Khao Soi Dao, Chanthaburi; Thapput, Phang- nga; Trang; Ubon; Laos: Ban...; Trang; Ubon; Laos: Ban- tion; India: Khasia Hills, Assam; Garo Hills, Assam; Malaysia: Malacca Accipiter trivirgatus lay- ardi Degeeriella storeri n. sp. Elbel, R. E.j and Price, R. D., 1973 a Walgama, Ceylon Accipiter trivirgatus pala- Elbel, R...

  11. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseAnnual",2014Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseCrude OilCompressed Natural GasIndonesiaMalaysia "

  12. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseAnnual",2014Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseCrude OilCompressed Natural GasIndonesiaMalaysia

  13. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseAnnual",2014Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseCrude OilCompressed Natural GasIndonesiaMalaysiaNorway "

  14. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseAnnual",2014Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseCrude OilCompressed Natural GasIndonesiaMalaysiaNorway

  15. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseAnnual",2014Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseCrude OilCompressed Natural GasIndonesiaMalaysiaNorwayUnited

  16. Tropical Africa: Land use, biomass, and carbon estimates for 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.; Gaston, G.; Daniels, R.C.

    1996-06-01

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980 and describes a methodology that may be used to extend this data set to 1990 and beyond based on population and land cover data. The biomass data and carbon estimates are for woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with the possible magnitude of historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth`s land surface and includes those countries that for the most part are located in Tropical Africa. Countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and in southern Africa (i.e., Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Western Sahara) have maximum potential biomass and land cover information but do not have biomass or carbon estimate. The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{sup TM} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass-carbon values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  17. Illicit Trafficking of Natural Radionuclides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedrich, Steinhaeusler; Lyudmila, Zaitseva

    2008-08-07

    Natural radionuclides have been subject to trafficking worldwide, involving natural uranium ore (U 238), processed uranium (yellow cake), low enriched uranium (<20% U 235) or highly enriched uranium (>20% U 235), radium (Ra 226), polonium (Po 210), and natural thorium ore (Th 232). An important prerequisite to successful illicit trafficking activities is access to a suitable logistical infrastructure enabling an undercover shipment of radioactive materials and, in case of trafficking natural uranium or thorium ore, capable of transporting large volumes of material. Covert en route diversion of an authorised uranium transport, together with covert diversion of uranium concentrate from an operating or closed uranium mines or mills, are subject of case studies. Such cases, involving Israel, Iran, Pakistan and Libya, have been analyzed in terms of international actors involved and methods deployed. Using international incident data contained in the Database on Nuclear Smuggling, Theft and Orphan Radiation Sources (DSTO) and international experience gained from the fight against drug trafficking, a generic Trafficking Pathway Model (TPM) is developed for trafficking of natural radionuclides. The TPM covers the complete trafficking cycle, ranging from material diversion, covert material transport, material concealment, and all associated operational procedures. The model subdivides the trafficking cycle into five phases: (1) Material diversion by insider(s) or initiation by outsider(s); (2) Covert transport; (3) Material brokerage; (4) Material sale; (5) Material delivery. An Action Plan is recommended, addressing the strengthening of the national infrastructure for material protection and accounting, development of higher standards of good governance, and needs for improving the control system deployed by customs, border guards and security forces.

  18. Post Fukushima tsunami simulations for Malaysian coasts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koh, Hock Lye, E-mail: kohhl@ucsiuniversity.edu.my [Office of Deputy Vice Chancellor for Research and Post Graduate Studies, UCSI University, Jalan Menara Gading, 56000 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Teh, Su Yean, E-mail: syteh@usm.my [School of Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Pulau Pinang (Malaysia); Abas, Mohd Rosaidi Che [Malaysian Meteorological Department, MOSTI, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

    2014-10-24

    The recent recurrences of mega tsunamis in the Asian region have rekindled concern regarding potential tsunamis that could inflict severe damage to affected coastal facilities and communities. The 11 March 2011 Fukushima tsunami that crippled nuclear power plants in Northern Japan has further raised the level of caution. The recent discovery of petroleum reserves in the coastal water surrounding Malaysia further ignites the concern regarding tsunami hazards to petroleum facilities located along affected coasts. Working in a group, federal government agencies seek to understand the dynamics of tsunami and their impacts under the coordination of the Malaysian National Centre for Tsunami Research, Malaysian Meteorological Department. Knowledge regarding the generation, propagation and runup of tsunami would provide the scientific basis to address safety issues. An in-house tsunami simulation models known as TUNA has been developed by the authors to assess tsunami hazards along affected beaches so that mitigation measures could be put in place. Capacity building on tsunami simulation plays a critical role in the development of tsunami resilience. This paper aims to first provide a simple introduction to tsunami simulation towards the achievement of tsunami simulation capacity building. The paper will also present several scenarios of tsunami dangers along affected Malaysia coastal regions via TUNA simulations to highlight tsunami threats. The choice of tsunami generation parameters reflects the concern following the Fukushima tsunami.

  19. Benchmarks for industrial energy efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amarnath, K.R. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States); Kumana, J.D. [Linnhoff March, Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Shah, J.V. [Electric Power Research Inst., Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Chemicals and Petroleum Center

    1996-12-31

    What are the standards for improving energy efficiency for industries such as petroleum refining, chemicals, and glass manufacture? How can different industries in emerging markets and developing accelerate the pace of improvements? This paper discusses several case studies and experiences relating to this subject emphasizing the use of energy efficiency benchmarks. Two important benchmarks are discussed. The first is based on a track record of outstanding performers in the related industry segment; the second benchmark is based on site specific factors. Using energy use reduction targets or benchmarks, projects have been implemented in Mexico, Poland, India, Venezuela, Brazil, China, Thailand, Malaysia, Republic of South Africa and Russia. Improvements identified through these projects include a variety of recommendations. The use of oxy-fuel and electric furnaces in the glass industry in Poland; reconfiguration of process heat recovery systems for refineries in China, Malaysia, and Russia; recycling and reuse of process wastewater in Republic of South Africa; cogeneration plant in Venezuela. The paper will discuss three case studies of efforts undertaken in emerging market countries to improve energy efficiency.

  20. Hydrogeophysical methods for analyzing aquifer storage and recovery systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Minsley, B.J.; Ajo-Franklin, J.; Mukhopadhyay, A.; Morgan, F.D.

    2009-12-01

    Hydrogeophysical methods are presented that support the siting and monitoring of aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) systems. These methods are presented as numerical simulations in the context of a proposed ASR experiment in Kuwait, although the techniques are applicable to numerous ASR projects. Bulk geophysical properties are calculated directly from ASR flow and solute transport simulations using standard petrophysical relationships and are used to simulate the dynamic geophysical response to ASR. This strategy provides a quantitative framework for determining site-specific geophysical methods and data acquisition geometries that can provide the most useful information about the ASR implementation. An axisymmetric, coupled fluid flow and solute transport model simulates injection, storage, and withdrawal of fresh water (salinity {approx}500 ppm) into the Dammam aquifer, a tertiary carbonate formation with native salinity approximately 6000 ppm. Sensitivity of the flow simulations to the correlation length of aquifer heterogeneity, aquifer dispersivity, and hydraulic permeability of the confining layer are investigated. The geophysical response using electrical resistivity, time-domain electromagnetic (TEM), and seismic methods is computed at regular intervals during the ASR simulation to investigate the sensitivity of these different techniques to changes in subsurface properties. For the electrical and electromagnetic methods, fluid electric conductivity is derived from the modeled salinity and is combined with an assumed porosity model to compute a bulk electrical resistivity structure. The seismic response is computed from the porosity model and changes in effective stress due to fluid pressure variations during injection/recovery, while changes in fluid properties are introduced through Gassmann fluid substitution.

  1. The Russian Federation's Ministry of Atomic Energy: Programs and Developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CM Johnson

    2000-07-24

    This paper reviews select programs driving the Ministry of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation's (Minatom) efforts to raise funds, comments on their potential viability, and highlights areas likely to be of particular concern for the US over the next three to five years. The paper's findings are: (1) Despite numerous cabinet displacements throughout the Yeltsin administration, Yevgeny Adamov was reappointed Minister on four occasions. With Boris Yeltsin's January 1, 2000 resignation, Adamov's long-term position as the head of the Ministry is more tenuous, but he will likely retain his position until at least the March 2000 elections. Acting President Vladimir Putin is unlikely to reorganize his cabinet prior to that date and there are no signs that Putin is dissatisfied with Adamov's leadership of Minatom. (2) Adamov's chief priorities are downsizing Minatom's defense sector, increasing the oversight of subsidiary bodies by the central bureaucracy and consolidating commercial elements of the Ministry within an umbrella organization called Atomprom. (3) Viktor Mikhaylov, Adamov's predecessor and critic of his reform efforts, has been relieved of his duties as First Deputy Minister. While he retains his positions as Chief of the Science Councils and Chief Scientist at Arzamas-16, his influence on Minatom's direction is greatly diminished. Adamov will likely continue his efforts to further marginalize Mikhaylov in the coming year. (4) Securing extra-budgetary sources of income continues to be the major factor guiding Minatom's international business dealings. The Ministry will continue to aggressively promote the sale of nuclear technology abroad, often to countries with questionable nonproliferation commitments. (5) Given the financial difficulties in Russia and Minatom's client states, however, few nuclear development programs will come to fruition for a number of years, if ever. Nevertheless, certain peaceful nuclear cooperation agreements should be carefully monitored--particularly those negotiated with Cuba, Iran, Libya and Syria. (6) Waste management has also risen in importance for Minatom. Opportunities for raising funds by reprocessing, storing and permanently disposing of spent fuel from foreign states are being explored. Although currently prohibited by federal law, the Russian Parliament will likely pass legislation in support of this program.

  2. Medium term municipal solid waste generation prediction by autoregressive integrated moving average

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Younes, Mohammad K.; Nopiah, Z. M.; Basri, Noor Ezlin A.; Basri, Hassan

    2014-09-12

    Generally, solid waste handling and management are performed by municipality or local authority. In most of developing countries, local authorities suffer from serious solid waste management (SWM) problems and insufficient data and strategic planning. Thus it is important to develop robust solid waste generation forecasting model. It helps to proper manage the generated solid waste and to develop future plan based on relatively accurate figures. In Malaysia, solid waste generation rate increases rapidly due to the population growth and new consumption trends that characterize the modern life style. This paper aims to develop monthly solid waste forecasting model using Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA), such model is applicable even though there is lack of data and will help the municipality properly establish the annual service plan. The results show that ARIMA (6,1,0) model predicts monthly municipal solid waste generation with root mean square error equals to 0.0952 and the model forecast residuals are within accepted 95% confident interval.

  3. Phylogenetic relationships of flowerpeckers (Aves: Dicaeidae): Novel insights into the evolution of a tropical passerine clade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyá ri, Á rpá d S.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Rice, Nathan H.; Moyle, Robert G.

    2009-12-01

    extracted from toe pads. Taxon#7;Voucher source1#7;Sample ##7;Locality#7;TGFb2#7;ND2#7;ND3#7;#7;Ingroup#7;#7;#7;#7;#7;#7;#7;#7;Dicaeum aeneum#7;AMNH#7;DOT 6657#7;Solomon Islands, Isabel Island#7;GQ145327#7;GQ145285#7;GQ145243#7;#7;Dicaeum anthonyi#7;FMNH#7...;429296#7;Philippines, Luzon, Kalinga#7;GQ145325#7;GQ145283#7;GQ145241#7;#7;Dicaeum agile *#7;WFVZ#7;41288#7;Malaysia, Sabah, Tawau#7;GQ145348#7;GQ145306#7;GQ145264#7;#7;Dicaeum aureolimbatum#7;AMNH#7;DOT 12599#7;Indonesia, Sulawesi, Poso#7;GQ145330#7;GQ145288#7;GQ...

  4. Gas in developing countries: Volume 2, Country studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-01-01

    This volume contains detailed case-studies of the history and prospects for natural gas utilization in eight developing countries: Argentina, Egypt, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Thailand and Tunisia. All of these countries have been visited by members of the research team, with the exception of Pakistan. Running through all the case-histories is the importance of defining a clear market for the gas. In some cases this can prove remarkably difficult, especially when the oil price is relatively low. In other cases a market does exist, but is very limited in relation to the size of available reserves. The other theme which recurs over and over again is the importance of the relationship between the government and its agencies, and the foreign oil companies which are involved in exploration and development of gas reserves. These two issues are addressed in detail in each case study. But it is also the case that each country highlights specific aspects of the gas story.

  5. Natural gas: Governments and oil companies in the Third World

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, A.; Hurst, C.; Mabro, R.

    1988-01-01

    It is asserted that oil companies claim to be generally receptive to gas development proposals; however, the lack of potential markets for gas, problems of foreign exchange convertibility, and lack of a legal framework often hinders their engagement. Governments, on the other hand, need to secure domestic energy supply and, if possible, gain some export earnings or royalties. An extensive discussion on the principles of pricing and fiscal regimes, potential points of disagreement is provided. A course of action is outlined from the managerial point of view to circumvent the most common pitfalls in planning and financing a gas project. Eight very detailed case studies are presented for Argentina, Egypt, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Tunisia and Thailand.

  6. Identifying irradiated flours by photo-stimulated luminescence technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramli, Ros Anita Ahmad; Yasir, Muhamad Samudi; Othman, Zainon; Abdullah, Wan Saffiey Wan

    2014-02-12

    Photo-stimulated luminescence (PSL) technique was used in this study to detect gamma irradiation treatment of five types of flours (corn, rice, tapioca, wheat and glutinous rice) at four different doses 0, 0.2, .05 and 1kGy. The signal level was compared with two threshold values (700 and 5000). With the exception of glutinous rice, all irradiated samples produced a strong signal above the upper threshold (5000 counts/60s). All control samples produced negative result with the signals below the lower threshold (700 counts/60s) suggesting that the samples have not been irradiated. Irradiated glutinous rice samples produced intermediate signals (700 - 5000 counts/60s) which were subsequently confirmed using calibrated PSL. The PSL signals remained stable after 90 days of storage. The findings of this study will be useful to facilitate control of food irradiation application in Malaysia.

  7. Isoprene emissions over Asia 1979-2012 : impact of climate and land use changes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stavrakou, T.; Muller, J. F.; Bauwens, M.; De Smedt, I.; Roozendael, Van M.; Guenther, Alex B.; Wild, M.; Xia, X.

    2014-05-12

    Due to the scarcity of observational constraints and the rapidly changing environment in East and Southeast Asia, isoprene emissions predicted by models are expected to bear substantial uncertainties. The aim of this study is to improve upon the existing bottom-up estimates, and investigate the temporal evolution of the fluxes in Asia over 1979-2012. To this purpose, we calculate the hourly emissions at 0.5% ×0.5% resolution using the MEGAN-MOHYCAN model driven by ECMWF ERA-Interim climatology. This study incorporates (i) changes in land use, including the rapid expansion of oil palms, (ii) meteorological variability according to ERA-Interim, (iii) long-term changes in solar radiation (dimming/brightening) constrained by surface network radiation measurements,and (iv) recent experimental evidence that South Asian tropical forests are much weaker isoprene emitters than previously assumed, and on the other hand, that oil palms hold a strong isoprene emission capacity. These effects lead to a significant lowering (factor of two) in the total isoprene fluxes over the studied domain, and to emission reductions reaching a factor of 3.5 in Southeast Asia. The bottom-up annual isoprene emissions for 2005 are estimated at 7.0, 4.8, 8.3, 2.9 Tg in China, India, Indonesia and Malaysia, respectively. Changes in temperature and solar radiation are the major drivers of the interannual variability and trend in the emissions. An annual positive flux trend of 0.2% and 0.52% is found in Asia and China, respectively, through the entire period, related to positive trend in temperature and solar radiation. The impact of oil palm expansion in Indonesia and Malaysia is to enhance the trends over that region, e.g. from 1.17% to 1.5% in 1979-2005 in Malaysia. A negative emission trend is derived in India (?0.4 %), owing to the negative trend in solar radiation data associated to the strong dimming effect likely due to increasing aerosol loadings. The bottom-up emissions are evaluated using top-down isoprene emission estimates derived from inverse modelling constrained by GOME-2/MetOp-A formaldehyde columns through 2007-2012. The satellite-based estimates appear to support our assumptions, and confirm the lower emission rate in tropical forests of Indonesia and Malaysia. Additional flux measurements are clearly needed to better characterize the spatial variability of emission factors. Finally, a decreasing trend in the top-down Chinese emissions inferred after 2007, is in line with the cooling episode recorded in China after that year, thus suggesting that the satellite HCHO columns are able to capture climate-induced changes in emissions.

  8. Mobile Learning Environment System (MLES): The Case of Android-based Learning Application on Undergraduates' Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanafi, Hafizul Fahri

    2012-01-01

    Of late, mobile technology has introduced new, novel environment that can be capitalized to further enrich the teaching and learning process in classrooms. Taking cognizance of this promising setting, a study was undertaken to investigate the impact of such an environment enabled by android platform on the learning process among undergraduates of Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia; in particular, this paper discusses critical aspects of the design and implementation of the android learning system. Data were collected through a survey involving 56 respondents, and these data were analyzed by using SPSS 12.0. Findings showed that the respondents were very receptive to the interactivity, accessibility, and convenience of the system, but they were quite frustrated with the occasional interruptions due to internet connectivity problems. Overall, the mobile learning system can be utilized as an inexpensive but potent learning tool that complements undergraduates' learning process.

  9. Chromium(III) sorption enhancement through NTA - modification of biological materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Low, K.S.; Lee, C.K.; Lee, P.L. [Univ. of Agriculture, Selangor (Malaysia)] [Univ. of Agriculture, Selangor (Malaysia)

    1997-03-01

    The use of low-cost biological materials for the removal and recovery of heavy metals from solution has been investigated extensively in recent times. To enhance their sorption capacities various chemical modifications on the sorbents were attempted. Freer et al. showed that bark from the Pinus radiata (D. Don) had a greater sorption capacity for metals after treatment with both inorganic acid and formaldehyde. Apple wastes treated with phosphorus oxychloride improved the efficiency of removing metal ions. Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA)-modified groundnut, Arachis hypogea, was reported to improve the sorption of cadmium and lead ions. Modifications with the aid of dyes also enhanced metal sorption. Moss and coconut husk (CH) are readily obtainable in Malaysia. Their sorption potential for metals has been reported. This paper reports on the metal sorption enhancement of these two biosorbents after chemical modification with nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA). 13 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  10. Curve fitting methods for solar radiation data modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karim, Samsul Ariffin Abdul, E-mail: samsul-ariffin@petronas.com.my, E-mail: balbir@petronas.com.my; Singh, Balbir Singh Mahinder, E-mail: samsul-ariffin@petronas.com.my, E-mail: balbir@petronas.com.my [Department of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, Faculty of Sciences and Information Technology, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Bandar Seri Iskandar, 31750 Tronoh, Perak Darul Ridzuan (Malaysia)

    2014-10-24

    This paper studies the use of several type of curve fitting method to smooth the global solar radiation data. After the data have been fitted by using curve fitting method, the mathematical model of global solar radiation will be developed. The error measurement was calculated by using goodness-fit statistics such as root mean square error (RMSE) and the value of R{sup 2}. The best fitting methods will be used as a starting point for the construction of mathematical modeling of solar radiation received in Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (UTP) Malaysia. Numerical results indicated that Gaussian fitting and sine fitting (both with two terms) gives better results as compare with the other fitting methods.

  11. Technical Training Workshop on International Safeguards: An Introduction to Safeguards for Emerging Nuclear States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frazar, Sarah L.; Gastelum, Zoe N.; Olson, Jarrod; Mathews, Caroline E.; Solodov, Alexander; Zhernosek, Alena; Raffo-Caiado, Ana; Baldwin, George; Horak, Karl; McClelland-Kerr, John; VanSickle, Matthew; Mininni, Margot; Kovacic, Donald

    2009-10-06

    The U.S. Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) hosted a workshop from May 4-22, 2009, on the fundamental elements of international safeguards. Entitled "A Technical Training Workshop on International Safeguards," the workshop introduced post-graduate students from Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand, Morocco, Egypt, Algeria and Tunisia to the fundamental issues and best practices associated with international safeguards and encouraged them to explore potential career paths in safeguards. Workshops like these strengthen the international safeguards regime by promoting the development of a "safeguards culture" among young nuclear professionals within nascent nuclear countries. While this concept of safeguards culture is sometimes hard to define and even harder to measure, this paper will demonstrate that the promotion of safeguards cultures through workshops like these justifies the investment of U.S. taxpayer dollars.

  12. Micro-focused Small Angle Neutron Scattering and Imaging for Science and Engineering Using RTP--A Preliminary Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohamed, Abdul Aziz; Al Rashid Megat Ahmad, Megat Harun; Md Idris, Faridah; Azman, Azraf; Jamro, Rafhayudi; Ibrahim, Mohd Rizal Mamat; Rahman, Anwar Abdul [Agensi Nuklear Malaysia, Komplek PUSPATI, Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor (Malaysia)

    2010-01-05

    Malaysian Nuclear Agency's (Nuclear Malaysia) Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) facility--(MYSANS)--is utilizing low flux of thermal neutron at the agency's 1 MW TRIGA reactor. As the design nature of the 8 m SANS facility can allow object resolution in the range between 5 and 80 nm to be obtained. It can be used to study alloys, ceramics and polymers in certain area of problems that relate to samples containing strong scatterers or contrast. The current SANS system at Malaysian Nuclear Agency is only capable to measure Q in limited range with a PSD (128x128) fixed at 4 m from the sample. The existing reactor hall that incorporate this MYSANS facility has a layout that prohibits the rebuilding of MYSANS therefore the position between the wavelength selector (HOPG) and sample and the PSD cannot be increased for wider Q range. The flux of the neutron at current sample holder is very low which around 10{sup 3} n/cm{sup 2}/sec. Thus it is important to rebuild the MYSANS to maximize the utilization of neutron. Over the years, the facility has undergone maintenance and some changes have been made. Modification on secondary shutter and control has been carried out to improve the safety level of the instrument. A compact micro-focus SANS method can suit this objective together with an improve cryostat system. This paper will explain some design concept and approaches in achieving higher flux and the modification needs to establish the micro-focused SANS.

  13. Food waste management using an electrostatic separator with corona discharge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lai, Koonchun; Teh, Pehchiong; Lim, Sooking

    2015-05-15

    In Malaysia, municipal solid waste contains a high portion of organic matters, typically contributed by food waste. It is estimated that about 45% of the municipal waste are food waste, followed by the non-food waste such as plastics, metals, glass and others. Food waste, while being properly sorted and contamination free from non-food waste, can be reused (e.g. fertiliser) instead of being landfilled. Therefore, recycling of food waste is crucial not only from the view point of waste management, but also with respect to the reduction of resource losses and greenhouse gases emission. A new waste separation process involved food particles, non-food particles and electrostatic discharge was investigated in this study. The empirical results reveal that the corona electrostatic separation is an environmental-friendly way in recovering foods from municipal waste. The efficiency of the separator, under same operating conditions, varies with the particle size of the food and non-food particles. The highest efficiency of 82% is recorded for the particle sizes between 1.5 and 3.0?mm.

  14. Trace element analysis of soil type collected from the Manjung and central Perak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Azman, Muhammad Azfar Hamzah, Suhaimi; Rahman, Shamsiah Abdul; Elias, Md Suhaimi; Abdullah, Nazaratul Ashifa; Hashim, Azian; Shukor, Shakirah Abd; Kamaruddin, Ahmad Hasnulhadi Che

    2015-04-29

    Trace elements in soils primarily originated from their parent materials. Parents’ material is the underlying geological material that has been undergone different types of chemical weathering and leaching processes. Soil trace elements concentrations may be increases as a result of continuous input from various human activities, including power generation, agriculture, mining and manufacturing. This paper describes the Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) method used for the determination of trace elements concentrations in part per million (ppm) present in the terrestrial environment soil in Perak. The data may indicate any contamination of trace elements contributed from human activities in the area. The enrichment factors were used to check if there any contamination due to the human activities (power plants, agricultural, mining, etc.) otherwise the values would serve as a baseline data for future study. The samples were collected from 27 locations of different soil series in the area at two different depths: the top soil (0-15cm) and the sub soil (15-30cm). The collected soil samples were air dried at 60°C and passed through 2 µm sieve. Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) has been used for the determination of trace elements. Samples were activated in the Nuclear Malaysia TRIGA Mark II reactor followed by gamma spectrometric analysis. By activating the stable elements in the samples, the elements can be determined from the intensities of gamma energies emitted by the respected radionuclides.

  15. Bibliography of information sources on East Asian energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salosis, J.

    1982-11-01

    The first section of this bibliography is a subject index by title to sources of information on East Asian energy. The countries considered were: Brunei, the PRC, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, the Koreas, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. If the geographic coverage by any source is restricted to a particular country and was not indicated by the title, a country abbreviation in parentheses was added. Titles that include the term data base are computerized. The second section contains the Title Index which lists each printed publication alphabetically with frequency of publication and the US$ price for a yearly air mail subscription. The publisher or distribution office is listed below the title. The Data Base Index lists computerized sources with the author and the vendor providing either online access or tapes. No prices have been quoted in this section because of the wide range of methods in use and the impossibility of running benchmarks for this study. The Address Index lists the publishers, data base authors and vendors alphabetically.

  16. Indonesia: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prawiraatmadja, W.; Yamaguchi, N.; Breazeale, K.; Basari, S.R.

    1991-04-01

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy have covered Australia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report covers Indonesia. 37 refs., 36 figs., 64 tabs.

  17. Optimization of the pyrolysis process of empty fruit bunch (EFB) in a fixed-bed reactor through a central composite design (CCD)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohamed, Alina Rahayu; Hamzah, Zainab; Daud, Mohamed Zulkali Mohamed

    2014-07-10

    The production of crude palm oil from the processing of palm fresh fruit bunches in the palm oil mills in Malaysia hs resulted in a huge quantity of empty fruit bunch (EFB) accumulated. The EFB was used as a feedstock in the pyrolysis process using a fixed-bed reactor in the present study. The optimization of process parameters such as pyrolysis temperature (factor A), biomass particle size (factor B) and holding time (factor C) were investigated through Central Composite Design (CCD) using Stat-Ease Design Expert software version 7 with bio-oil yield considered as the response. Twenty experimental runs were conducted. The results were completely analyzed by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The model was statistically significant. All factors studied were significant with p-values < 0.05. The pyrolysis temperature (factor A) was considered as the most significant parameter because its F-value of 116.29 was the highest. The value of R{sup 2} was 0.9564 which indicated that the selected factors and its levels showed high correlation to the production of bio-oil from EFB pyrolysis process. A quadratic model equation was developed and employed to predict the highest theoretical bio-oil yield. The maximum bio-oil yield of 46.2 % was achieved at pyrolysis temperature of 442.15 °C using the EFB particle size of 866 ?m which corresponded to the EFB particle size in the range of 710–1000 ?m and holding time of 483 seconds.

  18. Southern Asia future plans feature long-distance lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-01

    This paper reports that although pipe line mileage working, planned and under study has dipped slightly from 47,346 km (29,420 mi) to 44,853 km (27,871 mi), Southern Asia continues to hold a strong position for future projects with some of the most interesting programs in the international market. Two dramatic, long-distance natural gas transmission, gathering and lateral networks continue to hold the future pipe line construction spotlight in Southern Asia. The Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) continues to study a 7,830 km (4,865 mi) gas transmission system. With an estimated cost of $10 billion, the system includes some 6,276 km (3,900 mi) of transmission lines, with 1,094 km (680 mi) offshore. Group members include Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. The second project, the Trans-Asian Pipeline System, involves 3,380 km (2,100 mi) of transmission lines from the Iran's Bandar Abbas gas field across Pakistan to a terminal at Calcutta, India.

  19. Survival analysis of colorectal cancer patients with tumor recurrence using global score test methodology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zain, Zakiyah Ahmad, Yuhaniz; Azwan, Zairul E-mail: farhanaraduan@gmail.com Raduan, Farhana E-mail: farhanaraduan@gmail.com Sagap, Ismail E-mail: farhanaraduan@gmail.com; Aziz, Nazrina

    2014-12-04

    Colorectal cancer is the third and the second most common cancer worldwide in men and women respectively, and the second in Malaysia for both genders. Surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are among the options available for treatment of patients with colorectal cancer. In clinical trials, the main purpose is often to compare efficacy between experimental and control treatments. Treatment comparisons often involve several responses or endpoints, and this situation complicates the analysis. In the case of colorectal cancer, sets of responses concerned with survival times include: times from tumor removal until the first, the second and the third tumor recurrences, and time to death. For a patient, the time to recurrence is correlated to the overall survival. In this study, global score test methodology is used in combining the univariate score statistics for comparing treatments with respect to each survival endpoint into a single statistic. The data of tumor recurrence and overall survival of colorectal cancer patients are taken from a Malaysian hospital. The results are found to be similar to those computed using the established Wei, Lin and Weissfeld method. Key factors such as ethnic, gender, age and stage at diagnose are also reported.

  20. Interconnection economics of small power systems -- A case study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloethe, W.G.; Thakar, H.C. [Sargent and Lundy, Chicago, IL (United States); Kim, L.C. [Sarawak Electricity Supply Corp., Kuching (Malaysia); Samin, S. [PT PLN Persero, Jakarta (Indonesia)

    1996-11-01

    The advantages of interconnecting large electric power systems has been almost universally accepted in those parts of North America that are not geographically isolated. However, interconnecting power systems can result in significant economic advantages, even in those parts of the world where power systems are small and widely separated. This paper examines two small, isolated power systems on the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. The Malaysian State of Srawak lies on the north coast of Borneo. With an area of 123,156 square km (47,555 square mi.) and population of 1.7 million, it is the largest, but most sparsely populated, state in the Federation of Malaysia. Its neighbor to the south is the Indonesian Province of West Kalimantan. A study examining the feasibility of interconnecting these two power systems was undertaken in 1994 as a part of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) initiative to interconnect the power systems in the region. The ASEAN region is characterized by rapidly growing economies and rapid load growth.

  1. International Workshops to Foster Implementation of the IAEA Additional Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Killinger, Mark H.; Coates, Cameron W.; Bedke, Michael L.

    2003-07-14

    A country’s adherence to the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) Additional Protocol is an important statement to the world of that country’s commitment to nuclear nonproliferation. Without the Additional Protocol (AP) it is possible, as demonstrated in Iraq, for a country party to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) to clandestinely work toward nuclear weapons and be undetected by the IAEA. This is because classical safeguards under the NPT are directed at diversion of nuclear material from declared activities. But a country may instead build undeclared activities to produce weapons-grade nuclear material. The AP is directed at detecting those undeclared activities. As of May 2003, 73 countries had signed the AP, but only 35 have entered into force. To further adherence to the AP, the IAEA has held regional, high-level seminars in Japan, South Africa, Kazakhstan, Peru, Romania, and Malaysia to explain AP provisions. To supplement these policy-level seminars, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has undertaken to develop a set of modules of technical competencies required to implement the AP. The intent is to work closely with the IAEA by providing these technical competencies to countries as well as to complement the IAEA’s regional seminars and other outreach efforts. This paper briefly describes the technical competency modules.

  2. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures - 1) Mobile phones and Africa: a success story 2) Citizen Problem Solving

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are hosted by the partners of the Citizen Cyberscience Centre, CERN, The UN Institute of Training and Research and the University of Geneva. The goal of the Lectures is to provide an inspirational forum for participants from the various international organizations and academic institutions in Geneva to explore how information technology is enabling greater citizen participation in tackling global development challenges as well as global scientific research. The first Citizen Cyberscience Lectures will welcome two speakers who have both made major innovative contributions in this area. Dr. Mo Ibrahim, founder of Celtel International, one of Africa?s most successful mobile network operators, will talk about ?Mobile phones and Africa: a success story?. Dr. Alpheus Bingham, founder of InnoCentive, a Web-based community that solves industrial R&D; challenges, will discuss ?Citizen Problem Solving?. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are open and free of charge. Participants from outside CERN must register by sending an email to Yasemin.Hauser@cern.ch BEFORE the 23rd october to be able to access CERN. THE LECTURES Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Abstract The introduction of mobile phones into Africa changed the continent, enabling business and the commercial sector, creating directly and indirectly, millions of jobs. It enriched the social lives of many people. Surprisingly, it supported the emerging civil society and advanced the course of democracy Bio Dr Mo Ibrahim is a global expert in mobile communications with a distinguished academic and business career. In 1998, Dr Ibrahim founded Celtel International to build and operate mobile networks in Africa. Celtel became one of Africa?s most successful companies with operations in 15 countries, covering more than a third of the continent?s population and investing more than US$750 million in Africa. The company was sold to MTC Kuwait in 2005 for $3.4billion. In 2006 Dr Ibrahim established the Mo Ibrahim Foundation to support great African leadership. The Foundation focuses on two major initiatives to stimulate debate around, and improve the quality of, governance in Africa. The Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership recognises and celebrates excellence; and the Ibrahim Index of African Governance provides civil society with a comprehensive and quantifiable tool to promote government accountability. Dr Ibrahim is also Founding Chairman of Satya Capital Ltd, an investment company focused on opportunities in Africa. Dr Ibrahim has been awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University of London?s School of Oriental and African Studies, the University of Birmingham and De Montfort University, Leicester as well as an Honorary Fellowship Award from the London Business School. He has also received the Chairman?s Award for Lifetime Achievement from the GSM Association in 2007 and the Economists Innovation Award 2007 for Social & Economic Innovation. In 2008 Dr Ibrahim was presented with the BNP Paribas Prize for Philanthropy, and also listed by TIME magazine as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive Abstract American playwright Damien Runyon (Guys and Dolls) once remarked, "the race is not always to the swift, nor the victory to the strong -- but that IS how you bet." Not only does a system of race handicapping follow from this logic, but the whole notion of expertise and technical qualifications. Such 'credentials' allow one to 'bet' on who might most likely solve a difficult challenge, whether as consultant, contractor or employee. Of course, the approach would differ if one were allowed to bet AFTER the race. When such systems came into broad use, i.e., chat rooms, usenets, innocentive, etc., and were subsequently studied, it was often found that the greatest probability of solu

  3. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures - 1) Mobile phones and Africa: a success story 2) Citizen Problem Solving

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-10-28

    Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are hosted by the partners of the Citizen Cyberscience Centre, CERN, The UN Institute of Training and Research and the University of Geneva. The goal of the Lectures is to provide an inspirational forum for participants from the various international organizations and academic institutions in Geneva to explore how information technology is enabling greater citizen participation in tackling global development challenges as well as global scientific research. The first Citizen Cyberscience Lectures will welcome two speakers who have both made major innovative contributions in this area. Dr. Mo Ibrahim, founder of Celtel International, one of Africa’s most successful mobile network operators, will talk about “Mobile phones and Africa: a success story”. Dr. Alpheus Bingham, founder of InnoCentive, a Web-based community that solves industrial R&D; challenges, will discuss “Citizen Problem Solving”. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are open and free of charge. Participants from outside CERN must register by sending an email to Yasemin.Hauser@cern.ch BEFORE the 23rd october to be able to access CERN. THE LECTURES Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Abstract The introduction of mobile phones into Africa changed the continent, enabling business and the commercial sector, creating directly and indirectly, millions of jobs. It enriched the social lives of many people. Surprisingly, it supported the emerging civil society and advanced the course of democracy Bio Dr Mo Ibrahim is a global expert in mobile communications with a distinguished academic and business career. In 1998, Dr Ibrahim founded Celtel International to build and operate mobile networks in Africa. Celtel became one of Africa’s most successful companies with operations in 15 countries, covering more than a third of the continent’s population and investing more than US$750 million in Africa. The company was sold to MTC Kuwait in 2005 for $3.4billion. In 2006 Dr Ibrahim established the Mo Ibrahim Foundation to support great African leadership. The Foundation focuses on two major initiatives to stimulate debate around, and improve the quality of, governance in Africa. The Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership recognises and celebrates excellence; and the Ibrahim Index of African Governance provides civil society with a comprehensive and quantifiable tool to promote government accountability. Dr Ibrahim is also Founding Chairman of Satya Capital Ltd, an investment company focused on opportunities in Africa. Dr Ibrahim has been awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies, the University of Birmingham and De Montfort University, Leicester as well as an Honorary Fellowship Award from the London Business School. He has also received the Chairman’s Award for Lifetime Achievement from the GSM Association in 2007 and the Economists Innovation Award 2007 for Social & Economic Innovation. In 2008 Dr Ibrahim was presented with the BNP Paribas Prize for Philanthropy, and also listed by TIME magazine as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive Abstract American playwright Damien Runyon (Guys and Dolls) once remarked, "the race is not always to the swift, nor the victory to the strong -- but that IS how you bet." Not only does a system of race handicapping follow from this logic, but the whole notion of expertise and technical qualifications. Such 'credentials' allow one to 'bet' on who might most likely solve a difficult challenge, whether as consultant, contractor or employee. Of course, the approach would differ if one were allowed to bet AFTER the race. When such systems came into broad use, i.e., chat rooms, usenets, innocentive, etc., and were subsequently studied, it was often found that the greate

  4. Web-GIS oriented systems viability for municipal solid waste selective collection optimization in developed and transient economies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rada, E.C.; Ragazzi, M.; Fedrizzi, P.

    2013-04-15

    Highlights: ? As an appropriate solution for MSW management in developed and transient countries. ? As an option to increase the efficiency of MSW selective collection. ? As an opportunity to integrate MSW management needs and services inventories. ? As a tool to develop Urban Mining actions. - Abstract: Municipal solid waste management is a multidisciplinary activity that includes generation, source separation, storage, collection, transfer and transport, processing and recovery, and, last but not least, disposal. The optimization of waste collection, through source separation, is compulsory where a landfill based management must be overcome. In this paper, a few aspects related to the implementation of a Web-GIS based system are analyzed. This approach is critically analyzed referring to the experience of two Italian case studies and two additional extra-European case studies. The first case is one of the best examples of selective collection optimization in Italy. The obtained efficiency is very high: 80% of waste is source separated for recycling purposes. In the second reference case, the local administration is going to be faced with the optimization of waste collection through Web-GIS oriented technologies for the first time. The starting scenario is far from an optimized management of municipal solid waste. The last two case studies concern pilot experiences in China and Malaysia. Each step of the Web-GIS oriented strategy is comparatively discussed referring to typical scenarios of developed and transient economies. The main result is that transient economies are ready to move toward Web oriented tools for MSW management, but this opportunity is not yet well exploited in the sector.

  5. ASEAN-USAID buildings energy conservation project. Volume 1, Energy standards: Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, M.D.; Busch, J.F.; Deringer, J.J.

    1992-06-01

    Mandatory or voluntary energy-efficiency standards for new or existing buildings can play an important role in a national program aimed at promoting energy conservation. Building codes and standards can provide a degree of control over design and building practices throughout the construction process, and encourage awareness of energy-conscious design. Studies in developed countries indicate that efficiency standards can produce energy reductions on the order of 20 to 40% or more. Within ASEAN, analyses of the savings potential from the proposed standards suggest that if implemented, these standards would produce savings over current new design practice of 19% to 24%. In this volume we provide an overview of the ASEAN-USAID project aimed at promulgating standards for energy efficiency in commercial buildings. The process of developing and implementing energy-efficiency standards for buildings can be subdivided into two key components: policy development; and technical and economic analysis. Each of these involves a number of steps and processes, as outlined in Figure 1-1. This volume describes the technical and economic analyses used to develop the proposed energy efficiency standards for four countries (Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Indonesia), and to refine an energy standard existing in Singapore since 1979. Though oriented toward the ASEAN region, the analysis methods described here are applicable in a range of settings, provided appropriate modifications are made for local building construction, climatic, economic, and political conditions. Implementation issues are not specifically addressed here; rather this volume is oriented towards the analytical work needed to establish or revise an energy standard for buildings.

  6. New Zealand: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

    1992-03-01

    The New Zealand energy sector has undergone significant changes in the past few years. Reform and deregulation came to New Zealand in large doses and at a rapid pace. Unlike Japan where deregulation was designed for a five-year phase-in period or even Australia where the government was fully geared up to handle deregulation, deregulation occurred in New Zealand almost with no phase-in period and very little planning. Under fast-paced Rogernomics,'' the energy sector was but one more element of the economy to be deregulated and/or privatized. While the New Zealand energy sector deregulation is generally believed to have been successful, there are still outstanding questions as to whether the original intent has been fully achieved. The fact that a competent energy bureaucracy was mostly lost in the process makes it even more difficult to find those with long enough institutional memories to untangle the agreements and understandings between the government and the private sector over the previous decade. As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs at the East-West Center has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various counties. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics.

  7. Temperature effect on gastric emptying time of hybrid grouper (Epinephelus spp.)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De, Moumita; Ghaffar, Mazlan Abd. [School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia); Das, Simon K. [School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia and Marine Ecosystem Research Centre (EKOMAR), Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti (Malaysia)

    2014-09-03

    Knowledge of fish gastric emptying time is a necessary component for understanding the fish feeding rates, energy budgets and commercial production of fishes in aquaculture. The hybrid grouper Epinephelus spp. is getting popular as a culture species in Malaysia for their faster growth rate compared to commonly cultured grouper species (giant grouper Epinephelus lanceolatus and tiger grouper Epinephelus fuscoguttatus). There are data suggests that elevated sea water temperature affects gastric emptying time (GET) of fishes. Hence, this study aims to study the GET of hybrid grouper at different temperature (22, 26, 30, 34°C) in laboratory condition with commercial diet pellet. The gastric emptying times (GETs) at different temperatures were determined X-radiographically, using barium sulfate (BaSO{sub 4}) as a contrast medium food marker. The food marker and X-radiography showed that initial voidance of fecal matter began 4-6 h after feeding at all temperature. The fastest GET (13 h) was obsereved in the 30°C group, whereas the longest (17 h) GET was seen in 22°C group fed with artificial diet pellet. Not much differences in GET were recorded between the 26 and 34°C groups as 34°C groups fed lesser amount compared to 26°C groups. Nevertheless a substantial delay in GET was observed in the 22°C group. The findings of this study suggest to culture hybrid grouper between 26 to 30°C with commercial diet pellet as this temperature ranges proliferate the faster digestion process which may contribute faster growth rate of this commerical important fish species. Overall, these findings may have important consequences for optimization of commercial production of hybrid grouper.

  8. Developments in Assisting Countries in Implementing the IAEA Additional Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Killinger, Mark H.; Hansen, Linda H.; Cain, Ronald A.; Kovacic, Don N.; Apt, Kenneth E.; VanSickle, Matthew

    2010-08-11

    In 2008, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) began assisting selected non-nuclear weapon states in planning and preparing for implementation of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s Additional Protocol (AP). Since then, the AP international implementation program has contributed to the substantial progress made by Vietnam, Thailand, Iraq, and Malaysia in preparing for entry-into-force of the AP. An overall engagement plan has been developed with components designed to train government AP implementing agencies, inform policy makers, conduct outreach to industry and universities, make AP reporting software available and useful, and plan a detailed approach for implementing the declaration and complementary access provisions of the AP. DOE recently began collaborating with Indonesia, which has already entered the AP into force, requiring a second method of engagement somewhat different from that taken with countries that have not entered the AP into force. The AP international implementation program, administered by the International Nuclear Safeguards and Engagement Program, is working more closely with DOE’s International Nonproliferation Export Control Program to ensure countries are aware of and prepared to implement the export/import provisions of the AP. As the AP implementation program matures and helps move countries closer to entry-into-force or improved AP implementation, it is identifying characteristics of a country’s “end-state” that indicate that DOE assistance is no longer required. The U.S. AP Implementation Act and Senate Resolution of Ratification require the Administration to report annually to Congress on measures taken to achieve the adoption of the AP in non-nuclear weapon states. DOE’s AP international implementation program is a significant part of these measures. This paper describes recent developments to increase the scope and effectiveness of the program.

  9. Mathematical modelling for the drying method and smoothing drying rate using cubic spline for seaweed Kappaphycus Striatum variety Durian in a solar dryer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M Ali, M. K. E-mail: eutoco@gmail.com; Ruslan, M. H. E-mail: eutoco@gmail.com; Muthuvalu, M. S. E-mail: jumat@ums.edu.my; Wong, J. E-mail: jumat@ums.edu.my; Sulaiman, J. E-mail: hafidzruslan@eng.ukm.my; Yasir, S. Md. E-mail: hafidzruslan@eng.ukm.my

    2014-06-19

    The solar drying experiment of seaweed using Green V-Roof Hybrid Solar Drier (GVRHSD) was conducted in Semporna, Sabah under the metrological condition in Malaysia. Drying of sample seaweed in GVRHSD reduced the moisture content from about 93.4% to 8.2% in 4 days at average solar radiation of about 600W/m{sup 2} and mass flow rate about 0.5 kg/s. Generally the plots of drying rate need more smoothing compared moisture content data. Special cares is needed at low drying rates and moisture contents. It is shown the cubic spline (CS) have been found to be effective for moisture-time curves. The idea of this method consists of an approximation of data by a CS regression having first and second derivatives. The analytical differentiation of the spline regression permits the determination of instantaneous rate. The method of minimization of the functional of average risk was used successfully to solve the problem. This method permits to obtain the instantaneous rate to be obtained directly from the experimental data. The drying kinetics was fitted with six published exponential thin layer drying models. The models were fitted using the coefficient of determination (R{sup 2}), and root mean square error (RMSE). The modeling of models using raw data tested with the possible of exponential drying method. The result showed that the model from Two Term was found to be the best models describe the drying behavior. Besides that, the drying rate smoothed using CS shows to be effective method for moisture-time curves good estimators as well as for the missing moisture content data of seaweed Kappaphycus Striatum Variety Durian in Solar Dryer under the condition tested.

  10. ASEAN--USAID Buildings Energy Conservation Project final report. Volume 2, Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, M.D.; Busch, J.F. [eds.

    1992-06-01

    This volume reports on research in the area of energy conservation technology applied to commercial buildings in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region. Unlike Volume I of this series, this volume is a compilation of original technical papers prepared by different authors in the project. In this regard, this volume is much like a technical journal. The papers that follow report on research conducted by both US and ASEAN researchers. The authors representing Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand, come from a range of positions in the energy arena, including government energy agencies, electric utilities, and universities. As such, they account for a wide range of perspectives on energy problems and the role that technology can play in solving them. This volume is about using energy more intelligently. In some cases, the effort is towards the use of more advanced technologies, such as low-emittance coatings on window glass, thermal energy storage, or cogeneration. In others, the emphasis is towards reclaiming traditional techniques for rendering energy services, but in new contexts such as lighting office buildings with natural light, or cooling buildings of all types with natural ventilation. Used in its broadest sense, the term ``technology`` encompasses all of the topics addressed in this volume. Along with the more customary associations of technology, such as advanced materials and equipment and the analysis of their performance, this volume treats design concepts and techniques, analysis of ``secondary`` impacts from applying technologies (i.e., unintended impacts, or impacts on parties not directly involved in the purchase and use of the technology), and the collection of primary data used for conducting technical analyses.

  11. Mobility of heavy metals through granitic soils using mini column infiltration test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zarime, Nur 'Aishah; Yaacob, W. Z.W.

    2014-09-03

    This study is about the mobility of cadmium through compacted granitic soils. Two granitic soils namely the Broga (BGR) and Kajang (KGR) granitic soils were collected in Selangor, Malaysia. Physical and chemical tests were applied for both granitic soils to determine the physical and chemical properties of soil materials. Physical test results shows granitic soils (BGR and KGR) have high percentage of sand ranging between 54%–63% and 46%–54% respectively, an intermediate and intermediate to high plasticity index as well as high specific gravity ie; 2.50–2.59 and 2.45–2.66 respectively. For chemical test, granitic soils shows acidic pH values ranged from 5.35–5.85 for BGR and pH 5.32–5.54 for KGR. For organic matter, SSA and CEC test, it shows low values ranged from 0.22%–0.34% and 0.39%– 0.50% respectively for organic matter test, 17.96 m{sup 2}/g–21.93 m{sup 2}/g and 25.76 m{sup 2}/g–26.83 m{sup 2}/g respectively for SSA test and 0.79 meq/100g–1.35 meq/100g and 1.31 meq/100g–1.35 meq/100g respectively for CEC test. Mini column infiltration test was conducted to determine the retention of cadmium while flowing through granite soils. This test conducted based on the falling head permeability concepts. Different G-force ranging from 231G to 1442G was used in this test. The breakthrough curves show the concentration of Cd becomes higher with the increasing of G-force for both granitic samples (BGR and KGR). The selectivity sorption for both granites ranked in the following decreasing order of; 231G>519G>923G>1442G. Results demonstrated that granitic soils also have low buffering capacity due to low resist of pH changes.

  12. Towards SEA for the developing nations of Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Briffett, Clive; Obbard, Jeffrey Philip; Mackee, Jamie

    2003-03-01

    In the developing and transitional countries of Asia, environmental impact assessment (EIA) has been widely practiced as a planning tool that identifies the potential impacts associated with developments and determines their level of significance and the need for mitigating measures. Not withstanding its extensive use in many Asian countries, certain limitations are now being increasingly recognised with regard to achieving sustainable development within the planning process. It is also noted that the natural environment in Asia has continued to be severely degraded despite the adoption of EIA. This research project was undertaken at the National University of Singapore to review the status on the implementation of EIA procedures and to investigate the status and potential of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) in Asia. The research project generally investigated the existing physical attributes of six countries including Hong Kong and Singapore, Malaysia and the Philippines, Sri Lanka and Vietnam and discussed their prevailing environmental conditions. It more specifically reviewed policymaking and environmental planning, environmental legislation and the practice and procedures of environmental impact assessment. It also evaluated environmental assessment education and training activities. In some cases such as Hong Kong, an opportunity to analyse actual SEA practice was included. In other cases, the potential for possible take up of formal SEA was assessed. A comparative review assesses the degree to which EIA and SEA procedures have been utilized, considers how the use of SEA could overcome the deficiencies of the EIA project-based system and includes aspects of meeting sustainability criteria. Results show that the use and application of EIA is relatively strong across all countries with the possible exception of Singapore which relies more heavily on its planning and control system to address potential environmental impacts arising from development projects. Despite this, EIAs have been undertaken in every country due to aid and bank lending agencies requiring them and multinational companies and many local NGOs completing voluntary EIAs. Even though the mandatory introduction of EIA into some countries is fairly recent such as Hong Kong (1999) and Vietnam (1994), efforts to conduct such investigations may have started many years before. The country reviews highlight many common problems and adverse influences that give rise to inadequate EIA practice, and in some cases, recommendations for improvement are proposed. The potential for SEA is assessed on the basis of its present usage which is generally small except for Hong Kong and the environmental strategic decision-making that is being conducted in policy, plan and programme formulations. While the more comprehensive and well-refined westernized model of SEA is generally weakly implemented at present, there is evidence to suggest that Agenda 21, along with other international treaties such as the Biodiversity Charter and the Ramsar Convention, has motivated certain sustainability initiatives that are resulting in increased environmental considerations at a strategic level. In some cases, these may be reflected in National Plan policymaking or in the sector and area-based activities of various ministries and departments. It is concluded that SEA potential is generally strong in those countries with smaller centralized bureaucracies but that its successful implementation will be highly dependent on changing the mind-sets and motivations of top personnel at ministerial level.

  13. Radiological risk assessment of environmental radon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khalid, Norafatin; Majid, Amran Ab; Yahaya, Redzuwan; Yasir, Muhammad Samudi

    2013-11-27

    Measurements of radon gas ({sup 222}Rn) in the environmental are important to assess indoor air quality and to study the potential risk to human health. Generally known that exposure to radon is considered the second leading cause of lung cancer after smoking. The environmental radon concentration depends on the {sup 226}Ra concentration, indoor atmosphere, cracking on rocks and building materials. This study was carried out to determine the indoor radon concentration from selected samples of tin tailings (amang) and building materials in an airtight sealed homemade radon chamber. The radiological risk assessment for radon gas was also calculated based on the annual exposure dose, effective dose equivalent, radon exhalation rates and fatal cancer risk. The continuous radon monitor Sun Nuclear model 1029 was used to measure the radon concentration emanates from selected samples for 96 hours. Five types of tin tailings collected from Kampar, Perak and four samples of building materials commonly used in Malaysia dwellings or building constructions were analysed for radon concentration. The indoor radon concentration determined in ilmenite, monazite, struverite, xenotime and zircon samples varies from 219.6 ± 76.8 Bq m{sup ?3} to 571.1 ± 251.4 Bq m{sup ?3}, 101.0 ± 41.0 Bq m{sup ?3} to 245.3 ± 100.2 Bq m{sup ?3}, 53.1 ± 7.5 Bq m{sup ?3} to 181.8 ± 9.7 Bq m{sup ?3}, 256.1 ± 59.3 Bq m{sup ?3} to 652.2 ± 222.2 Bq m{sup ?3} and 164.5 ± 75.9 Bq m{sup ?3} to 653.3 ± 240.0 Bq m{sup ?3}, respectively. Whereas, in the building materials, the radon concentration from cement brick, red-clay brick, gravel aggregate and cement showed 396.3 ± 194.3 Bq m{sup ?3}, 192.1 ± 75.4 Bq m{sup ?3}, 176.1 ± 85.9 Bq m{sup ?3} and 28.4 ± 5.7 Bq m{sup ?3}, respectively. The radon concentration in tin tailings and building materials were found to be much higher in xenotime and cement brick samples than others. All samples in tin tailings were exceeded the action level for radon gas of 148 Bq m{sup ?3} proposed by EPA except monazite 0.15 kg, struverite 0.15 kg and 0.25 kg. Whereas, all building material samples have exceeded the radon concentration in concrete and building materials of 3 to 7 Bq m{sup ?3} estimated by ICRP. The annual effective dose, effective dose equivalent, and radon exhalation rates in tin tailings were calculated to be in the range of 2.47 to 11.46 mSv, 5.94 to 1090.56 mSv y{sup ?1}, and 0.23 to 1.18 mBq kg{sup ?1} h{sup ?1}. For building materials, the calculated risk assessment of the annual effective dose, effective dose equivalent, radon exhalation rates and fatal cancer risk were 0.72 to 10.00 mSv, 1.73 to 24.00 mSv y{sup ?1}, 0.010 to 0.06 mBq kg{sup ?1} h{sup ?1} and 40 to 550 chances of persons will suffer the cancer per million (1 × 10{sup 6}), respectively.