Sample records for kuwait lebanon libya

  1. The monetary approach to the balance of payments: The case of the oil-based, small, open, developing economies of Libya, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buzakuk, M.R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the determinants of foreign reserves flow in light of the oil-based small open economies of Libya, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia. The period of study encompasses the major oil price increases of the 1970s and early 1980s, which had led to the huge transfers of foreign exchanges towards these, among other, developing economies. The framework of analysis is basically a monetary approach to the balance of payments. This study is of both a theoretical and empirical nature. It utilizes the monetary forces in the domestic money market to derive a basic balance of payments (BOP) equation that explains the monetary nature of the balance of payments. The study found that the data from those countries support the monetary relationships as hypothesized by the monetary approach, especially the negative one-to-one relation between domestic credit (DC) and the BOP. Results from the simultaneous estimations of the BOP and DC reported better estimates than the single-equation model. Findings from the reaction function indicated that the monetary authorities of these oil-based economies were actively sterilizing the effect of foreign reserve flows. Findings supported the integrated market hypothesis in Kuwait and Libya, but not in the Saudi case.

  2. Libya: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that Libya is moving forward with plans to sell most of its crude as refined products and should have the capacity to handle most of its production, about 1.3 million bpd, by the mid-90s. Production was increased after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, and peak capacity could be over 1.5 million bopd. Exploration pace is still increasing but U.S. sanctions have taken their toll. Gas projects are advancing as officials push to develop and utilize more domestic gas reserves. Libya has commissioned a new gas processing plant in Sahl gas field in Sirte basin and plans are under way for development of Tahaddi field, Libya's largest gas field with 9 Tcf.

  3. KHALED MATTAWA POEMS FOR LIBYA,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    KHALED MATTAWA POEMS FOR LIBYA, AND A CONVERSATION MONDAY, APRIL 2, 2012 7:00 P.M. IN SAVERY 260, Libya. This event is co-sponsored by Creative Writing and the Dean of Arts & Sciences Near Eastern

  4. Visa Students by Country of Citizenship -November 2013 Region Undergraduate Graduate Total

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan 3 1 4 Kuwait 1 2 3 Lebanon 4 2 6 Libya 2 0 2 Morocco 3 1 4 Oman 0 1 1 Qatar 2 0 2 Saudi Arabia 57

  5. Essays on the Economics of Environmental Issues: The Environmental Kuznets Curve to Optimal Energy Portfolios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meininger, Aaron G.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jordan Kazakhstan Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Saudi ArabiaJordan Kazakhstan Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Saudi Arabia

  6. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DPRK) Korea (ROK) Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia LebanonDPRK) Korea (ROK) Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia LebanonKorea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Liberia

  7. Water demand management in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milutinovic, Milan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kuwait is an arid country located in the Middle East, with limited access to water resources. Yet water demand per capita is much higher than in other countries in the world, estimated to be around 450 L/capita/day. There ...

  8. al-sulaibiya field kuwait: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Kuwait France Spain I taly Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Turkey Saudi Arabia Kuwait France Spain I taly Mexico Argentina China Kuwait Japan Korea...

  9. Kuwait City, Kuwait: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts andKunshan Henghui NewKuwait City,

  10. PALEOZOIC TRACE FOSSILS FROM THE KUFRA BASIN, LIBYA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benton, Michael

    PALEOZOIC TRACE FOSSILS FROM THE KUFRA BASIN, LIBYA BRIAN R. TURNER AND MICHAEL J. BENTONPaleozoicsuccessionin the southeastern part ofthe Kufra Basin, Libya, comprises a sequence of sedimentary facies up to 250 m thick THEK u m BASINin southeast Libya (Figure 1)occupiesan area of about 400,000km2and is filled

  11. Summary of ICTP activities in support of science in Libya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summary of ICTP activities in support of science in Libya June 19, 2013 0 ICTP Public Information Office #12;*For the period 1970-1982, 43 visitors came from Libya; the total number of visitors is 244 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 ICTP Visitors from Libya 1983-2012* Visitors

  12. The hydrometeorology of Kuwait : characterization and modeling of rainfall distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcella, Marc Pace

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents a comprehensive study on the hydrometeorology of Kuwait. The spatial, seasonal, and inter annual variability of Kuwait rainfall is discussed based on rain gauge and satellite datasets. It is found that ...

  13. Libya: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow(Redirected fromLiberia-NRELTest WindLibya:

  14. Lebanon, Indiana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind EnergyIndiana: EnergyLands in WashingtonLebanon, Indiana:

  15. Lebanon, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind EnergyIndiana: EnergyLands in WashingtonLebanon,York:Ohio:

  16. Kuwait Petroleum Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii9969995°,I Jump to:Kumagai Gumi CoKuwait

  17. Oil-rich Libya faces daunting challenges after Gadhafi's death, FAU scholars say

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belogay, Eugene A.

    by a strongman for 42 years, a country of tribes and conflicting interests, a country with oil reserves desired, there is of course the matter of Libya's substantial oil reserves. An existing gas pipeline from Libya to ItalyOil-rich Libya faces daunting challenges after Gadhafi's death, FAU scholars say By LONA O

  18. Atmospheric Environment 40 (2006) 38813897 Field measurements of desert dust deposition in Libya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Michèle

    Atmospheric Environment 40 (2006) 3881­3897 Field measurements of desert dust deposition in Libya-based dust monitoring study of three zones across Libya, ranging from the Mediterranean coast to the Sahara studies in North Africa shows that areas of Libya have the highest dust deposition rates on record. r 2006

  19. Date with history as UN acts over Libya By Harvey Morris , 27 February 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Date with history as UN acts over Libya By Harvey Morris , 27 February 2011 Muammer Gaddafi, at his Colonel Muammer Gaddafi, Libya's leader, and his close associates on notice that any violence they order justice ­ and that a case like Libya, which has grabbed the world's attention, could be just what

  20. Solar-hydrogen energy system model for Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eljrushi, G.S.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A solar-hydrogen energy-system model for Libya was developed, obtaining relationships for and between the main energy and energy related parameters of Libya and the world. The parameters included are: population, energy demand, fossil-fuel production, fossil-fuel resources, hydrogen production, hydrogen introduction rates, energy prices, gross domestic product, pollution and quality of life. The trends of these parameters with and without hydrogen introduction were investigated over a period of time - through the year 2100. The results indicate that the fossil-fuel resources in Libya could be exhausted, due to production for local and export demands, within three to four decades unless serious measures for reducing production are taken. The results indicate that adopting solar-hydrogen energy system would extend the availability of fossil-fuel resources for a longer time period, reduce pollution, improve quality of life and establish a permanent energy system for Libya. It also shows that eventually Libya could export hydrogen in lieu of oil and natural gas.

  1. Analysis of sustainable water supply options for Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murtaugh, Katharine A. (Katharine Ann)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis considers several options for improving the sustainability of Kuwait's water supply system. The country currently relies heavily on desalination and brackish groundwater extraction. The options considered for ...

  2. algeria iraq kuwait: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    164 Redesign of Electrical Installations to Maximize the Use of Photo Voltaic (PV) Cells at the End Use of Consumers in Kuwait Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary:...

  3. Improving Operational Strategies of an Institutional Building in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ragom, F.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Building and Energy Technologies Department (BET) of the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research has pledged to achieve 10% reduction in buildings energy consumption by the year 2005. Working in line with the Kuwaiti government that highly...

  4. Characterizing Surface Temperature and Clarity of Kuwait's Seawaters Using Remotely Sensed Measurements and GIS Analyses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsahli, Mohammad M. M.

    2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Kuwait sea surface temperature (SST) and water clarity are important water characteristics that influence the entire Kuwait coastal ecosystem. The aim of this project was to study the spatial and temporal distributions of ...

  5. Biostratigraphic interpretation for the cyclic sedimentation in northwestern Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tekbali, A.O.; Cornell, W.C. (Univ. of Texas at El Paso, (United States) Dept. of Geological Sciences)

    1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mesozoic sediments in western Libya are best exposed along the Jabal Nafusah escarpment. This northeast-southwest trending structure overlooks the Al Jifarah plain and extends more than 300 km westward to connect with a T-shaped anticlinorium in Algeria and Tunisia. The Al Aziziyan fault (normal, north side down) parallels the northern edge of the escarpment and marks its initial position. Alternate deposition of marine and continental sediments began in the Triassic before the formation of a major monocline in the Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous time. Subsequent epiorogenic movements and isostatic adjustments initiated a westward sloping shelf along the southern edge of the Tethys. As a result, the eastern and central regions of western Libya were subjected to severe erosion and coalescing of unconformities towards the topographic highs, prior to the deposition of the overstepping Kiklah Formation. Geometrical and physical interpretation of the Mesozoic sediments in the region, combined with paleogeographic reconstruction indicate that the post-Hercynian epiorogenic adjustments and fluctuations of the Tethys resulted in local cyclic sedimentation. Accurate age assessment of the boundaries between the Jurassic-Early Cretaceous facies in northwestern Libya can be carried out on the basis of microfloral and faunal distribution and makes possible correlation of aquifers and probable oil-bearing sequences in western Libya.

  6. Volunteer Day Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    when you signed in: Benin Brazil Burkina Faso China Colombia Honduras Japan Jordan Korea Kuwait Libya

  7. Paintball Summer Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    France Iraq Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Netherlands Niger Peru Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Taiwan Thailand

  8. Thursday, February 9, 2012 ODU MODEL UN SOCIETY HOSTING 35TH ANNUAL HIGH SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and missions in Afghanistan, Botswana, the former Czechoslovakia, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Italy, Kuwait, Libya

  9. Lake Wauburg Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United

  10. La Chua Trail Immunization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mair, Bernard A.

    China Colombia Costa Rica Ecuador France Greece India Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Qatar Russia

  11. Pool Party TheELIWeekly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Dominican Republic Ecuador Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Nigeria Pakistan Qatar Saudi Arabia Senegal

  12. Halloween Birthdays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Korea Kuwait Libya Oman Paraguay Qatar Saudi Arabia Taiwan Turkey UAE Venezuela The Weekly Newsletter

  13. ernational Multi-Co s, Signals &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, India, Iraq, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Oman, Romania, Saudi Arabia

  14. Exploration limited since '70s in Libya's Sirte basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, D. (Thomas and Associates, Hastings (United Kingdom))

    1995-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Esso Standard made the first Libyan oil discovery in the western Ghadames basin in 1957. The Atshan-2 well tested oil from Devonian sandstones, and the play was a continuation of the Paleozoic trend found productive in the neighboring Edjeleh region of eastern Algeria. Exploration in the Sirte basin began in earnest in 1958. Within the next 10 years, 16 major oil fields had been discovered, each with recoverable reserves greater than 500 million bbl of oil. Libya currently produces under OPEC quota approximately 1.4 million b/d of oil, with discovered in-place reserves of 130 billion bbl of oil. The paper describes the structural framework, sedimentary basins of Libya, the Sirte basin, petroleum geology, play types, source rocks, generation and migration of hydrocarbons, oil reserves, potential, and acreage availability.

  15. Causes and Consequences of Second Language Education: A Global Analysis From 1980 to the Present

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coyne, Gary

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, TurkmenistanKazakhstan Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Laos Latvia Lebanon

  16. U.N. Human Rights Council condemns Gaddafi's crackdown in Libya By Colum Lynch, 25 February 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U.N. Human Rights Council condemns Gaddafi's crackdown in Libya By Colum Lynch, 25 February 2011 governments to rethink their traditional alliances with autocratic governments such as Libya's that are facing to the heroic people of Libya! I wish to emphasize that we at the Libyan mission serve at the will of the Libyan

  17. Dropped in Tripoli; Exploded in New York: Assessing the Collateral Consequences of NATO's [Mis]leading Intervention in Libya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volesky, Bohumil

    ]leading Intervention in Libya Eberechi Ifeonu* "The strong do what they have the power to do and the weak accept what, Justin Bieber ­ NATO announced the end of its "humanitarian mission" in Libya. While the mood, with the media curiously predicting that "after Gadhafi, Libya's oil will flow ­ slowly." This paper interrogates

  18. Latest Ordovicianearliest Silurian acritarchs and chitinozoans from1 subsurface samples in Jebel Asba, Kufra Basin, SE Libya2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Asba, Kufra Basin, SE Libya2 3 Bindra Thusu1 , Syed Rasul1 , Florentin Paris2 , Guido Meinhold3 & Gas B.V., Dat Al Imad Complex Tower 5 Floor 13, P.O. Box 91651, Tripoli,15 Libya16 17 * Corresponding of the Kufra Basin,36 southeastern Libya, yielded well-diversified palynomorph assemblages with transparent and

  19. Presented at The Second Basic Sciences Conference, Al-Fatah University, Tripoli, Libya 4-8 November 2007.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodson, C.T.J.

    Presented at The Second Basic Sciences Conference, Al-Fatah University, Tripoli, Libya 4-8 November-Fateh University, Tripoli-Libya C.T.J Dodson School of Mathematics, University of Manchester, Manchester- UK at The Second Basic Sciences Conference, Al-Fatah University, Tripoli, Libya 4-8 November 2007. WEx; q, b = bq

  20. Geology, Murzuk oil development could boost S. W. Libya prospects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, D. (Thomas and Associates, Hastings (United Kingdom))

    1995-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    With the recent involvement of Repsol, Total, and OMV in developing the 2 billion bbl oil-in-place Murzuk field complex, an infrastructure will be finally constructed in western Libya which will act as a precursor to more exploration activity and development projects in the Murzuk and Ghadames basins. Murzuk, an intra-cratonic sag basin, is a huge ladle-shaped structural basin covering more than 400,000 sq km and extending beyond the borders of southern Libya. The structure of the area is quite simple. The sub-horizontal or gently dipping strata are faulted and the faults are most frequently parallel to the anticlinal axis. Tectonic movements affected the basin to a greater or lesser degree from early Paleozoic (Caledonian) to post-Eocene (Alpine) times. The paper describes the exploration history; stratigraphy; the Ordovician, Silurian and Devonian, and Carboniferous reservoirs; source rocks; oil gravity and gas content; hydrogeologic constraints; aquifer influence on hydrocarbon accumulation; geologic structures; Murzuk field development; and acreage availability.

  1. Lebanon, New Hampshire: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind EnergyIndiana: EnergyLands in WashingtonLebanon,

  2. Lebanon, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind EnergyIndiana: EnergyLands in WashingtonLebanon,York:

  3. South Lebanon, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingaporeSonix JapanCalifornia:(RECP) in DevelopingLebanon,

  4. Mount Lebanon, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville,Missoula,MontereyHill, California:Morse,WaveLebanon, Pennsylvania:

  5. City of Lebanon, Indiana (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, click here.TelluricPowerCityJonesville, LouisianaLansing, MichiganLasLebanon,

  6. State of Kuwait Ministry of Oil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of Kuwait Ministry of Oil

  7. Maintaining rainwater harvesting practices in southern Lebanon : the kaza of Tyre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayek, Carolyn, M. C. P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite relatively extensive surface water and groundwater networks, along with abundant rainfall, Lebanon is facing water scarcity due to factors such as pollution of freshwater resources, climate change, population growth, ...

  8. Land development approaches in the context of land scarcity : case study, Byblos, Lebanon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asdourian, Avedis

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study is to provide a general understanding for guiding urban development in secondary cities in Lebanon. An existing site in the Byblos Metropolitan Area is utilized as a reference to this study. The ...

  9. Programs and precedents : future prospects of housing theory and practice in Lebanon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jabr, Abdul-Halim

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The object of this study is two-fold. The first is to critically understand the limits of a given set of housing principles within the exigencies of a specific context, that of Greater Beirut, Lebanon, a site of rapid ...

  10. Arab states seek Libya no-fly zone Regional bloc calls on UN Security Council to take steps to protect civilians from air attack by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arab states seek Libya no-fly zone Regional bloc calls on UN Security Council to take steps on the United Nations Security Council to impose a no-fly zone over Libya in a bid to protect civilians from air the civilian population of Libya. "The Arab League has officially requested the UN Security Council to impose

  11. International project finance : the case of Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Jassar, Sulaiman Ahmed

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the record of the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development (KFAED) in light of changing fashions regarding the proper role and management of such funds in the development finance process. The key ...

  12. Implementation of Simple Measures for Savings Water and Energy Consumption in Kuwait Government Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albaharani, H.; Al-Mulla, A.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper gives in details the efforts made by the Public Services Department (PSD) to reduce water and energy consumptions in the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labour's (MOSAL) buildings in Kuwait. PSD manages around 125 buildings distributed...

  13. Social and Economic Challenges of Implementing Sustainable Materials on Buildings in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Foraih, R.; Al-Fahad, F.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of sustainable materials is more challenging as many materials are not available in Kuwait and the surrounding Gulf countries. Transportation from aboard should be decreased as much as possible to reduce cost as well as decreasing negative environmental impacts...

  14. Mesozoic evolution of northeast African shelf margin, Libya and Egypt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aadland, R.K.; Schamel, S.

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present tectonic features of the northeast African shelf margin between the Nile delta and the Gulf of Sirte are products of (1) precursory late Paleozoic basement arches, (2) early Mesozoic rifting and plate separation, and (3) Late Cretaceous structural inversion. The 250 km-wide and highly differentiated Mesozoic passive margin in the Western Desert region of Egypt is developed above a broad northwest-trending Late Carboniferous basement arch. In northeastern Libya, in contrast, the passive margin is restricted to just the northernmost Cyrenaica platform, where subsidence was extremely rapid in the Jurassic and Early Cretaceous. The boundary between the Western Desert basin and the Cyrenaica platform is controlled by the western flank of the basement arch. In the middle Cretaceous (100-90 Ma), subsidence accelerated over large areas of the Western desert, further enhancing a pattern of east-west-trending subbasins. This phase of rapid subsidence was abruptly ended about 80 Ma by the onset of structural inversion that uplifted the northern Cyrenaica shelf margin and further differentiated the Western Desert subbasin along a northeasterly trend.

  15. Hydrocarbon provinces and productive trends in Libya and adjacent areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Missallati, A.A. (Agip (N.A.M.E.)Ltd., Tripoli (Libya))

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    According to the age of major reservoirs, hydrocarbon occurrences in Libya and adjacent areas can be grouped into six major systems which, according to their geographic locations, can be classified into two major hydrocarbon provinces: (1) Sirte-Pelagian basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from middle-late Mesozoic to early Tertiary, and (2) Murzog-Ghadames basins province, with major reservoirs ranging from early Paleozoic to early Mesozoic. In the Sirte-Pelagian basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped in structural highs or in stratigraphic wedge-out against structural highs and in carbonate buildups. Here, hydrocarbon generation is characterized by the combined effect of abundant structural relief and reservoir development in the same hydrocarbon systems of the same age, providing an excellent example of hydrocarbon traps in sedimentary basins that have undergone extensive tensional fracturing in a shallow marine environment. In the Murzog-Ghadames basins province, hydrocarbons have been trapped mainly in structural highs controlled by paleostructural trends as basement arches which acted as focal points for oil migration and accumulation.

  16. Cyclic transgressive and regressive sequences, Paleocene Suite, Sirte basin, Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abushagur, S.A.

    1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Farrud lithofacies represent the main reservoir rock of the Ghani oil field and Western Concession Eleven of the Sirte basin, Libya. Eight microfacies are recognized in the Farrud lithofacies in the Ghani field area: (1) bryozoan-bioclastic (shallow, warm, normal marine shelf deposits); (2) micrite (suggesting quiet, low-energy conditions such as may have existed in a well-protected lagoon); (3) dasycladacean (very shallow, normal marine environment); (4) bioclastic (very shallow, normal marine environment with moderate to vigorous energy); (5) mgal (very shallow, normal marine environment in a shelf lagoon); (6) pelletal-skeletal (deposition within slightly agitated waters of a sheltered lagoon with restricted circulation); (7) dolomicrite (fenestrate structures indicating a high intertidal environment of deposition); and (8) anhydrite (supratidal environment). The Paleocene suite of the Farrud lithofacies generally shows a prograding, regressive sequence of three facies: (1) supratidal facies, characterized by nonfossiliferous anhydrite, dolomite, and dolomitic pelletal carbonate mudstone; (2) intertidal to very shallow subtidal facies, characterized by fossiliferous, pelletal, carbonate mudstone and skeletal calcarenite; and (3) subtidal facies, characterized by a skeletal, pelletal, carbonate mudstone. Source rocks were primarily organic-rich shales overlying the Farrud reservoir rock. Porosity and permeability were developed in part by such processes as dolomitization, leaching, and fracturing in the two progradational, regressive carbonate facies. Hydrocarbons were trapped by a supratidal, anhydrite cap rock.

  17. Re-examination of the current architectural curriculum at Kuwait University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdullah, Mohammad

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RE-EXAMINATION OF THE CURRENT ARCHITECTURAL CURRICULUM AT KUWAIT UNIVERSITY A Thesis by MOHAMMAD ABDULLAH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 2003 Major Subject: Architecture RE-EXAMINATION OF THE CURRENT ARCHITECTURAL CURRICULUM AT KUWAIT UNIVERSITY A Thesis by MOHAMMAD ABDULLAH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment...

  18. Libya, Algeria and Egypt: crude oil potential from known deposits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dietzman, W.D.; Rafidi, N.R.; Ross, T.A.

    1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An analysis is presented of the discovered crude oil resources, reserves, and estimated annual production from known fields of the Republics of Libya, Algeria, and Egypt. Proved reserves are defined as the remaining producible oil as of a specified date under operating practice in effect at that time and include estimated recoverable oil in undrilled portions of a given structure or structures. Also included in the proved reserve category are the estimated indicated additional volumes of recoverable oil from the entire oil reservoir where fluid injection programs have been started in a portion, or portions, of the reservoir. The indicated additional reserves (probable reserves) reported herein are the volumes of crude oil that might be obtained with the installation of secondary recovery or pressure maintenance operations in reservoirs where none have been previously installed. The sum of cumulative production, proved reserves, and probable reserves is defined as the ultimate oil recovery from known deposits; and resources are defined as the original oil in place (OOIP). An assessment was made of the availability of crude oil under three assumed sustained production rates for each country; an assessment was also made of each country's capability of sustaining production at, or near, the 1980 rates assuming different limiting reserve to production ratios. Also included is an estimate of the potential maximum producing capability from known deposits that might be obtained from known accumulations under certain assumptions, using a simple time series approach. The theoretical maximum oil production capability from known fields at any time is the maximum deliverability rate assuming there are no equipment, investment, market, or political constraints.

  19. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coal Products ( 0 Exports Imports Laos Lebanon Libya Liechtenstein Macau Malaysia Mauritius Mexico Mongolia (Outer) Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New

  20. Green Classroom: Daylighting-conscious Design for Kuwait Autism Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdullah Al-mohaisen; Omar Khattab

    Consideration to the natural elements, such as daylighting, at the earliest in the architectural design process is suggested by many as necessary for sustainable buildings. The implementation of a successful daylighting strategy in the design of buildings improves spatial quality and saves energy required, otherwise, for artificial lighting. Daylighting becomes a design mandate in the case of certain spaces; e.g. classrooms in educational buildings. Many researchers have indicated a correlation between the way classrooms are designed and students ' performance. This paper discusses a case study of the environmental design of Kuwait Autism Centre that adopted the provision of adequate daylighting in educational spaces as a major design focus. An extensive daylighting evaluation was conducted on all educational facilities of the proposed conceptual design of the centre. The recommendations from the evaluation were implemented in the design development stages. Earlier conceptual design drawings as well as the final designs are described. The paper summarises the daylighting design recommendations and explains the daylighting simulation process and analysis for decision making in design. Additionally it shows the annual energy savings as a result of the daylighting-conscious design of the classrooms.

  1. Taking stock of Saddam's fiery legacy in Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, M.

    1991-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Six months after Saddam Hussein's torching of more than 700 Kuwaiti oil wells, health officials, meteorologists, and environmental experts convened during mid-August in Cambridge, Massachusetts, to assess the impact of the fires. The soot cloud produced by the fires hasn't produced a nuclear winter, nor are the carbon dioxide and other gases released going to have an appreciable effect on global warming, although regional weather changes are possible. So far adverse health effects from the heavy pall of pollution caused by the fires have been surprisingly mild. This isn't to say that premature deaths will not occur, but many scientists had feared much worse. Nevertheless, all researchers concede that the data for this particular conclusion are still preliminary, and they expressed concerns that health problems may worsen in the coming months. Most of the health effects are expected in a region blanketed by a plume of smoke 800 to 1,000 kilometers long. The average concentrations of the primary pollutants it contains, carbon-based particles and sulfur dioxide, are similar to those in any large urban center. Still, the oil fires increase the pollution burden on Kuwait, which already had a problem with particulates in the air, and some epidemiologists expect that the extra pollutants will take their toll.

  2. Mesozoic evolution of the northeast African shelf margin, Libya and Egypt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aadland, R.K.; Schamel, S.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present tectonic features of the northeast African shelf margin between the Nile delta and the Gulf of Sirte are products of (1) precursory late Paleozoic basement arches, (2) early Mesozoic rifting and plate separation, and (3) Late Cretaceous structural inversion. Isopach and structural maps, cross sections, and sediment accumulation (geohistory) curves constructed from 89 wells in the Western Desert and 27 wells in northeastern Libya depict the structural and stratigraphic development of the northeast African shelf margin.

  3. NNSA Signs Memorandum with Kuwait to Increase Cooperation on Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Thomas D'Agostino

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On June 23, 2010, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) signed a Memorandum of Cooperation on nuclear safeguards and other nonproliferation topics with the Kuwait National Nuclear Energy Committee (KNNEC). NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino and KNNEC's Secretary General, Dr. Ahmad Bishara, signed the memorandum at a ceremony at U.S. Department of Energy headquarters in Washington.

  4. Political economy of Maghribi oil: Change and development in Algeria and Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vandewalle, D.J.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the wake of rapidly growing oil and natural gas revenues, Algeria and Libya during the 1970s adopted a state capitalist strategy in order to minimize the dislocations caused by continued reliance on the international economy and, in the long run, to move toward more self-reliant local economies. International political economy theories until now have paid relatively little attention to the impact of the state in the development process, assuming that state formation and bureaucratic development go hand in hand. But in Libya and Algeria they remained disjointed. This was further exacerbated by the rentier nature of their economies which allowed for the distribution of assets without real political participation. In Algeria a techno-bureaucratic elite, to which the state quickly lost control during the 1970s, was put in charge of development. By 1976 the inefficiencies of the public sector and the alignment of the techno-bureaucratic elite with an expanding private sector led Algeria back toward a more market-oriented development strategy. In Libya a much smaller population and larger revenues have allowed the Qadhdhafi government to prolong the state capitalists experiment without paying serious attention to either economic or political development.

  5. Geology and hydrocarbon potential of the Hamada and Murzuq basins in western Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirmani, K.U.; Elhaj, F.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hamada and Murzuq intracratonic basins of western Libya form a continuation of the Saharan basin which stretches from Algeria eastward into Tunisia and Libya. The tectonics and sedimentology of this region have been greatly influenced by the Caledonian and Hercynian orogenies. Northwest- and northeast-trending faults are characteristic of the broad, shallow basins. The Cambrian-Ordovician sediments are fluvial to shallow marine. The Silurian constitutes a complete sedimentary cycle, ranging from deep marine shales to shallow marine and deltaic sediments. The Devonian occupies a unique position between two major orogenies. The Mesozoic strata are relatively thin. The Triassic consists of well-developed continental sands, whereas the Jurassic and Cretaceous sediments are mainly lagoonal dolomites, evaporites, and shales. Silurian shales are the primary source rock in the area. The quality of the source rock appears to be better in the deeper part of the basin than on its periphery. The Paleozoic has the best hydrocarbon potential. Hydrocarbons have also been encountered in the Triassic and Carboniferous. In the Hamada basin, the best-known field is the El Hamra, with reserves estimated at 155 million bbl from the Devonian. Significant accumulations of oil have been found in the Silurian. Tlacsin and Tigi are two fields with Silurian production. In the Murzuq basin the Cambrian-Ordovician has the best production capability. However, substantial reserves need to be established before developing any field in this basin. Large areas still remain unexplored in western Libya.

  6. Presented in Concord, Merrimack and West Lebanon, NH by the UNHCE Geospatial Outreach Program ArcGIS Workshops Fall 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    , as well as, conduct geospatial analysis. Participants will learn to: symbolize GIS data; add labelsPresented in Concord, Merrimack and West Lebanon, NH by the UNHCE Geospatial Outreach Program Arc

  7. Sustainable water resources development in Kuwait : an integrated approach with comparative analysis of the case of Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazerali, Nasruddin A

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis assesses the water resource status of Kuwait and Singapore, both countries considered as water scarce. The institutional aspect of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) efforts in both countries is closely ...

  8. An examination of the perceived need and recommended body of knowledge for architectural internship programs in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdullah, Mohammad

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    AN EXAMINATION OF THE PERCEIVED NEED AND RECOMMENDED BODY OF KNOWLEDGE FOR ARCHITECTURAL INTERNSHIP PROGRAMS IN KUWAIT A Dissertation by MOHAMMAD ABDULLAH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A... INTERNSHIP PROGRAMS IN KUWAIT A Dissertation by MOHAMMAD ABDULLAH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair...

  9. Plate tectonics and offshore boundary delimitation: Tunisia-Libya case at the International Court of Justice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stanley, D.J.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advances in the technology for exploiting resources of the oceans, particularly recovery of hydrocarbons and minerals in deep water, is benefiting a growing number of nations. At the same time, however, economic and political pressures have induced concern and there is now a much increased emphasis on jurisdiction to divide the offshore areas between the 132 coastal nations. Negotiations affect research operations at sea and, in consequence, marine scientists have been made aware of offshore problems as highlighted by the Law of the Sea Treaty (UNCLOS III) and complications arising from the legal versus scientific definitions of continental shelves and margins. The first major offshore boundary case of international scope where plate tectonics has constituted a significant argument is the one recently brought before the International Court of Justice by Libya and Tunisia concerning the delimitation of their continental shelves. Of the two parties, Libya placed the greatest emphasis on this concept as a means to determine natural prolongation of its land territory into and under the sea. Tunisia contested Libya's use of the whole of the African continental landmass as a reference unit; in Tunisia's view, considerations of geography, geomorphology, and bathymetry are at least as relevant as are those of geology. In its landmark judgment (February 1982) - which almost certainly will have far-reaching consequences in future such boundary delimitation cases - the court pronounced that It is the outcome, not the evolution in the long-distant past, which is of importance, and that it is the present-day configuration of the coasts and sea bed which are the main factors to be considered, not geology.

  10. Emission factors for particles, elemental carbon, and trace gases from the Kuwait oil fires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laursen, K.K.; Ferek, R.J.; Hobbs, P.V. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Rasmussen, R.A. [Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology, Beaverton, OR (United States)

    1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Emission factors are presented for particles, elemental carbon (i.e., soot), total organic carbon in particles and vapor, and for various trace gases from the 1991 Kuwait oil fires. Particle emissions accounted for {approximately} 2% of the fuel burned. In general, soot emission factors were substantially lower than those used in recent {open_quotes}nuclear winter{close_quotes} calculations. Differences in the emissions and appearances of some of the individual fires are discussed. Carbon budget data for the composite plumes from the Kuwait fires are summarized; most of the burned carbon in the plumes was in the form of CO{sub 2}. Fluxes are presented for several combustion products. 26 refs., 1 fig., 5 tabs.

  11. Distribution of terrestrial age and petrologic type of meteorites from western Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jull, A.J.T.; Donahue, D.J. (Univ. of Arizona, Tucson (USA)); Wlotzka, F.; Palme, H. (Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemie, Mainz (West Germany))

    1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A group of 54 meteorites have been recovered from Daraj, Western Libya. After assessment of pairing of samples, using petrologic criteria, {sup 14}C terrestrial ages were obtained on 13 samples selected from 9 different fall events. Eleven of the ages range from 3,500 to 7,600 years, with only two samples having ages in excess of 10,000 years. The cut-off in ages may be related to the timing of climatic changes in the Hammadah al Hamra.

  12. Mrar formation of western Libya - evolution of an early Carboniferous delta system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whitbread, T. (Univ. of Keele, England); Kelling, G.

    1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lower Carboniferous Mrar Formation is exposed extensively along the southern margin of the Ghadames basin in northwest Libya. The basal part of the Mrar forms the cap rock and possible hydrocarbon source for many of the producing reservoirs in the underlying Tahara sandstones. Furthermore, the Mrar itself is known to contain significant gas shows southwest of the outcrop, associated with some oil potential. The Mrar formation was deposited in a deltaic environment which developed on the northern part of the stable Saharan platform. The history of the Mrar formation's deposition is discussed. (JMT)

  13. Petroleum resources of Libya, Algeria, and Egypt. Foreign energy supply assessment series

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Part 1 of the report is a synopsis of each country's location, its exploration and development history, crude oil field production history, and markets. Part 2 discusses the production and reserve characteristics of the oil fields and status of the known crude oil resources. Part 3 provides an assessment of the ultimately recoverable crude oil and the possible future rate of availability of the crude oil. Part 4 discusses the status of the known and undiscovered natural gas resources, production, and markets. Part 5 is an overview of the petroleum geology of the three countries and the physical characteristics of their crude oils. Appendix A presents an annual resume of historical production by field and by basin for Libya; Appendix B shows the historical production by field and by basin for Algeria; Appendix C shows the historical production by field and by basin for Egypt; Appendix D provides production tables for each country. Data presented in Appendixes A through D are derived mostly from the April 1982 publication, Libya, Algeria and Egypt-Crude Oil Potential From Known Deposits DOE/EIA-0338, by William D. Dietzman, Naim R. Rafidi, and Thomas A. Ross. Appendix E is a geologic timetable.

  14. Core reduction sequences from El-Masloukh, and Acheuleo-Yabrudian site in Lebanon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terry, Karisa

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) characterizes this phase as a period of exploration and unsystematic excavations. Turville- Petre (1927) was a major contributor to research during this period. At the sites of Emireh and Zuttiyeh in Israel, Turville-Petre demonstrated that fossil hominids... Cave (Garrod and Bate 1937; Jelinek 1982) and Zuttiyeh Cave (Turville-Petre 1927) in Israel, Adlun Caves (Roe 1983) in Lebanon, and Yabrud I (Rust 1950; Solecki and Solecki 1987-88) and El Kowm Basin (Copeland and Hours 1983) in Syria. Absolute ages...

  15. MEW Efforts in Reducing Electricity and Water Consumption in Government and Private Sectors in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Tayar, I.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ,154 Achievements from Energy Audit Program Building Year Peak Power Reduction (%) Energy Saving (%) MEW and MPW buildings in South Surra 2004 38 20 Public Authority for Civil Information 2004 5 12 Al-Fanar Shopping Mall 2004 15 8 Peak Power Reduction...W. ? In 1949, the first power generation plant was established in Merghab with a total capacity of 60 kW. ? In 1951, Kuwait established the General Department of Electricity and then the Ministry of Electricity & Water in 1961. ? < 1925 - rain water...

  16. Hindcast of oil-spill pollution during the Lebanon crisis in the Eastern Mediterranean, JulyAugust 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgiou, Georgios

    Hindcast of oil-spill pollution during the Lebanon crisis in the Eastern Mediterranean, July, Athens, Greece a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Lebanese oil-pollution event Oil-spill modeling Oceanography Network http://www.moon-oceanforecasting.eu) pro- vides near-real-time information on oil

  17. Implementation of Smart Operation Strategies for Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems for Ministries Complex in the State of Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Mulla, A.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Al-Nakib, D.; Ishaqali, H.

    The smart operation strategies were implemented for Air-Conditioning (A/C) and lighting systems to reduce the national load at Ministries Complex (MC) in the state of Kuwait. The A/C system in MC is a district cooling system that comprises of 8...

  18. The UNIVERSITY of NORTH CAROLINA at CHARLOTTE An Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howitt, Ivan

    , Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Former Liberian Regime of Charles Taylor, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, Sudan, Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Libya, Vietnam, Somalia, and Sri Lanka. Please contact

  19. 29 April 2012 UN mission chief calls for Syria help

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    smuggling arms and gunmen from Lebanon, Turkey and Libya". This came a day after an editorial in a state from Libya. The ship's owner told Reuters that the vessel was bound for the northern Lebanese port city

  20. The Relationship of Student Dispositions and Teacher Characteristics with the Mathematics Achievement of Students in Lebanon and Six Arab Countries in TIMSS 2007.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younes, Rayya

    2013-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The present study is divided into two parts. The first part examines the performance of Lebanese students in public and private schools in Lebanon in 8th grade using the TIMSS 2007 data. The effects of students dispositions and teacher...

  1. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  2. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  3. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  4. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  5. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  6. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  7. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  8. Stumbling Toward Capitalism: The State, Global Production Networks, and the Unexpected Emergence of China's Independent Auto Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Crystal Whai-ku

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brazil, Ecuador, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan,shares are concentrated in Kazakhstan, Sudan, Venezuela, andIraq, Kuwait, Libya and Kazakhstan (Jiang and Sinton 2011:

  9. ancylus lake age: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 46 Mirror Lake...

  10. anoxic mining-impacted lake: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day at the North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 45...

  11. anoxic hypersaline lakes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day at the North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 56...

  12. Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Angola Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico...

  13. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Angola Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico...

  14. Plate 13. (a) The tidal stress-field produced by 1 of nonsynchronous rotation (Greenberg et al., 1998) shows a good fit to the loca-tions and orientations of several lineaments. The lineaments are numbered (1) Astypalaea, (2) Thynia, (3) Libya, (4) Agenor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kattenhorn, Simon

    are numbered (1) Astypalaea, (2) Thynia, (3) Libya, (4) Agenor, (5) Udaeus, and (6) Minos Lineae. A better fit

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria iraq jordan Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    East Timor Eritrea Ethiopia Haiti Iran Iraq - Kurdish Region Ivory Coast Lebanon Libya Saudi... elsewhere) Jordan Mauritania Niger North Korea Papua New Guinea Peru Qatar...

  16. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of), Ireland, Lebanon*, Libya, Malta, Marshall Islands,Lithuania, Madagascar, Malta, Montenegro*, Poland, Portugal,LVL Lithuania LTL Luxembourg EUR Malta EUR Netherlands EUR

  17. --No Title--

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho...

  18. Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  19. Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  20. Mixed fluvial systems of Messak Sandstone, a deposit of Nubian lithofacies, southwestern Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lorenz, J.C.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Messak Sandstone is a coarse to pebbly, tabular cross-bedded, Lower Cretaceous deposit of the widespread Nubian lithofacies. It was deposited at the northern edge of the Murzuq basin in southwestern Libya. Although the sedimentary record is predominantly one of braided fluvial systems, a common subfacies within the formation is interpreted to record the passage of straight-crested sand waves across laterally migrating point bars in sinuous rivers, similar to the pattern documented by Singh and Kumar on the modern Ganga and Yamuna Rivers. Because the sand waves were larger on the lower parts of the point bars, lateral migration created diagnostic thinning-upward, unidirectional cosets of tabular cross-beds as well as fining-upward, grain-size trends. Common, thick, interbedded claystones, deposited in associated paludal and lacustrine environments, and high variance in cross-bed dispersion patterns also suggest the local presence of sinuous fluvial systems within the overall braided regime. The Messak Sandstone contains some of the features that led Harms et al to propose an unconventional low-sinuosity fluvial environment for the Nubian lithofacies in Egypt, and the continuously high water levels of this model may explain channel-scale clay drapes and overturned cross-beds in the Messak. However, most of the Messak characteristics are incompatible with the low-sinuosity model, suggesting instead that the fluvial channels in the Murzuq basin alternated between braided and high-sinuosity patterns.

  1. Case study of a sabkha sedimentary environment: Mallahat al Bariquah, Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krason, J.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The importance of the sabkha sedimentary environment for formation and/or accumulation of hydrocarbons, salts, and various metalliferous mineral deposits has been recognized by many geologists. A sabkha in which sedimentation and the formation of salt deposits and hydrocarbons is in progress is located along the Mediterranean Sea coast, in northwestern Libya and northeastern Tunisia. The sabkha Mallahat al Bariquah was drilled in a regular grid at 1-km spacing; 63 holes have been completed. The sabkha and its vicinity were geologically mapped (1:20,000). Several hundred core and loose rock samples were thoroughly examined with regard to the lithology, mineralogy, paleontology, and chemical composition. The chemistry of brine from each drill hole and solar pan was determined. Three 24-hour pumping tests were performed, and the hydrogeological conditions of the sabkha were analyzed in detail. Economically valuable bedded salt reserves of 170,800,000 MT of NaCl were discovered and proven. Additionally, over 30 million MT of potassium, magnesium, and sodium salts including bromides are recoverable from the brine. Although marine-coastal sabkhas are common, the extensive scope of this study is unique. Mallahat al Bariquah sabkha is not unique with regard to its geographic, climatic, or sedimentary environments. Therefore, Mallahat al Bariquah can be considered as a model applicable in exploration for and study of similar sedimentary environments in other geographic regions and older geologic epochs.

  2. Petroleum prices and profits in the 90 days following the invasion of Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the third in the past 20 years the world has experienced an interruption in the flow of oil from the Persian Gulf. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990, and shut down of Kuwait oil production capacity followed by the United Nations boycott of Iraqi oil removed 8 percent of the world's oil supply. The result was a sharp increase in the process of crude oil and petroleum products. These events raised numerous questions about the performance of energy markets and energy firms. This report supplies a first answer for some of those questions. At the time this report was prepared the invasion has been in effect for 90 days. Not all the data is available to fully answer every question. Some issues can only be completely resolved after more time has passed in which the invasion and its effects have had an opportunity to be fully assimilated. This report was specifically requested by W. Henson Moore, Deputy Secretary of Energy as a way of supplying the American public with what could be said about the current situation. Rumors abound and mixconceptions have proliferated. This report strives to give a proper perspective on some of the more vexing issues which the invasion produced. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) has addressed many questions in this report. By the way of summary these are the 10 most most frequently asked questions and EIA's quick answers. The page references tell the reader where to look in the report for further explanation. These are not the only issues addressed and EIA hopes that readers will be able to satisfy their curiosity about their own questions within the pages of this report.

  3. Onshore and offshore basins of northeast Libya: Their origin and hydrocarbon potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shegewi, O.M.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A comprehensive data base of more than 3000 km of seismic lines, gravity and magnetic data, more than 30 subsurface well logs, and surface geology data were utilized to examine and interpret the sedimentary and tectonic history of the onshore and offshore parts of Northeast Libya and their hydrocarbon potential. The Dernah-Tobruk and Benghazi offshore basins form the northern parts of the study area. The Cyrenaica Stable Platform represents the southern parts. The Sirual Trough stretches E-W and opens into the Antelat Trough in the west. Between these elements is the uplifted areas of the Al Jabal Al Akhdar. Six principal tectonic phases were responsible for the formation and development of these structural elements: the pre-Mesozoic phase, the Triassic-Jurassic rifting phase, the Neocomian and the Aptian-Albian renewed rifting phases, the Late Cretaceous-Paleocene uplifting phase; and the Eocene-Middle Oligocene rifting phase. Oceanic crust of probable Aptian-Albian age is evident on the seismic lines north of the master fault marking the southern boundary of the rift separating the north African plate and Apulia. The western boundary of the Dernah High displayed clearly NE-SW strike-slip movement of these trajectories. Oceanic crust is also present west of the Dernah High. Positive gravity and magnetic anomalies traverse parallel to the boundary of this oceanic plate Mesogea. The prerequisites for commercial hydrocarbon production are present in abundance. Reservoirs ranging in age from Paleozoic clastics in the Cyrenaica Stable Platform to Mesozoic and Tertiary carbonates throughout the rest of the region. Several deep sites for the generation of hydrocarbons were also present, including the rifted northern parts of the Dernah-Tobruk basin, the Antelat Trough and the Cyrenaica Passive Margin. The Cretaceous and Tertiary section in the study area contain several potential seal rocks. Several potential trap types are also present.

  4. Pacific Northwest Laboratory Gulfstream I measurements of the Kuwait oil-fire plume, July--August 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busness, K M; Hales, J M; Hannigan, R V; Thorp, J M; Tomich, S D; Warren, M J [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Al-Sunaid, A A [Saudi ARAMCO, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia); Daum, P H; Mazurek, M [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1991, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted a series of aircraft measurements to determine pollutant and radiative properties of the smoke plume from oil fires in Kuwait. This work was sponsored by the US Department emanating of Energy, in cooperation with several other agencies as part of an extensive effort coordinated by the World Meteorological Organization, to obtain a comprehensive data set to assess the characteristics of the plume and its environmental impact. This report describes field measurement activities and introduces the various data collected, but provides only limited analyses of these data. Results of further data analyses will be presented in subsequent open-literature publications.

  5. Co-operation agreement between CERN and the National Council for Scientific Research, Lebanon (CNRS-L) concerning Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High-Energy Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Co-operation agreement between CERN and the National Council for Scientific Research, Lebanon (CNRS-L) concerning Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High-Energy Physics

  6. The thermal maturation degree of organic matter from source rocks revealed by wells logs including examples from Murzuk Basin, Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Negoita, V.; Gheorghe, A.

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The customary technique used to know the organic matter quantity per rock volume it as well as the organic matter maturation stage is based on geochemical analyses accomplished on a preselected number of samples and cuttings drawn from boreholes during the drilling period. But the same objectives can be approached without any extra cost using the continuous measurements of well logs recorded in each well from the ground surface to the total depth. During the diagenetic stage, the identification of potential source rocks out of which no hydrocarbon have been generated may be carried out using a well logging suite including Gamma Ray Spectrometry, the Compensated Neutron/Litho Density combination and a Dual Induction/Sonic Log. During the catagenetic stage the onset of oil generation brings some important changes in the organic matter structure as well as in the fluid distribution throughout the pore space of source rocks. The replacement of electric conductive water by electric non-conductive hydrocarbons, together with water and oil being expelled from source rocks represent a process of different intensities dependent of time/temperature geohistory and kerogen type. The different generation and expulsion scenarios of hydrocarbons taking place during the catagenetic and metagenetic stages of source rocks are very well revealed by Induction and Laterolog investigations. Several crossplots relating vitrinite reflectance, total organic carbon and log-derived physical parameters are illustrated and discussed. The field applications are coming from Murzuk Basin, where Rompetrol of Libya is operating.

  7. Hassan B. Diab Vice President,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    EGYPT IRAQ JORDAN KUWAIT LEBANON OMAN QATAR SAUDI ARABIA SUDAN SYRIA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES WEST BANK SYRIA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES WEST BANK YEMEN 2008-09 Annual Activity Report #12;2 Acknowledgement The 2008

  8. A cross-national study of the pattern of modernization in the developing countries, 1965-75

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Kwok-on Frankie

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COUNTRIES? 1965 AND 1973 (IN U. S. $) Countries 1965" GNP Rank 1 973+? GNP Rank Venezuela Argentina Greece Uraguay Chile Spain Libya Jamaica Panama Mexico Lebanon Costa Rica Portugal Peru Nicaragua Guatemala Malaysia Ghana Colombia... Portugal Greece Kenya (white pop. only) Lebanon Iran Jordan C olombia Jamaica Libya Brazil Malaysia Uraguay Paraguay Peru Mexico Syria Egypt Iraq Sri Lanka Costa Rica Panama Guatemala Ecuador South Korea Ghana Ethiopia Turkey India...

  9. Palynostratigraphy of northeast Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although significant amount of palynostratigraphic data relating to sections of various ages from different parts of North Africa were available, no formal proposal for an integrated comprehensive zonation applicable throughout the region existed. As the result of an 8-year program of research sponsored by Arabian Gulf Oil Co., (AGOCO) and carried out in cooperation with Garyounis University Research Centre and members of the Commission Internationale de Microflore du Paleozoique and AGOCO staff, a proposal has been presented for a formal palynostratigraphic zonation scheme which extends from the Ordovician to the Lower Cretaceous. The study based on both core and cutting samples form a large number of wells in Cyrenaica establishes a series of assemblage range zones with nominated zonal taxa. This scheme not only facilitates more accurate correlation within the Libyan region but also provides a formal basis for more precise assessment of intra-basin correlation within the North Africa and the opportunity to determine the extent of palaeolatitudinal variation between North Africa and the standard reference sections in northwest Europe.

  10. US defensive operations against Libya and the nuclear accident at Chernobyl. Markup before the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session on H. Res. 424 and H. Res 440, May 1, 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The House Foreign Affairs Committee met to mark up two resolutions: H. Res. 424 and H. Res. 440. H. Res. 424 thanks the United Kingdom for its assistance in the April 14, 1986 operation against Libya. Despite objections to the raid and to including the British, as well as questions about the quality of the US response and about the President's compliance with the Constitution and the War Powers Resolution, the resolution passed. H. Res. 440 expresses sympathy to the victims of the Chernobyl accident and asks the Soviet Union to relax restrictions on communications and the transfer of whatever technology and assistance will be helpful. It also criticizes the Soviet handling of information about the accident. An amendment strengthened the wording of the criticism, and the resolution passed. The report includes the committee discussion and the tests of the two resolutions.

  11. The economic development of Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khader, B.; El-Wifati, B.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book focuses on the development of the Libyan economy over the last decade. The book surveys both the structural developments in the Libyan economy and the experience of the individual sectors. It considers the potential for industrial development and the prospects for agriculture both in terms of natural resources and political commitments. The book also examines developments in the service sector especially banking.

  12. Sun powers Libya cathodic-protection system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Currer, G.W.

    1982-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Well castings and part of the main 300-mile-long, 32-in diameter pipeline from Sarir to Tobruk are cathodically protected by solar power, which prevents galvanic action by applying an electric direct current of appropriate magnitude and polarity to the steel structures. They then act as cathodes and become the recipients of metallic ions. At each cathodic-protection station, the solar-generaor system consists of solar-panel arrays, electronic controls, and batteries.

  13. Courtyard Hanover Lebanon 10 Morgan Drive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    Meeting spaces Pool entrances Restaurants and lounges Self-operating lifts Service animals allowed: HBO Cable/satellite TV Color TV Wet bar Kitchen Amenities Microwave oven Silverware Business

  14. Lebanon, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind EnergyIndiana: EnergyLands in

  15. Lebanon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKoreaLaor Batteries

  16. Daylighting systems for the Kuwait National Museum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahn, Byoungsoo

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    sky condition (Southeast gallery, 12:00 PM, Jun 21) .......................................................... 54 50 Iso-contour image under the clear sky and overcast sky condition (Southeast gallery, 12:00 PM, Jun 21...) .......................................................... 55 51 False color image under the clear sky and overcast sky condition (Southeast gallery, 12:00 PM, Dec 21).......................................................... 56 52 Iso-contour image under the clear sky and overcast sky...

  17. Kuwait: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMALTexas:Kuju Kanko Hotel GeothermalKumbaKurt

  18. Early Tertiary subsidence and sedimentary facies - northern Sirte Basin, Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gumati, Y.D.; Kanes, W.H.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The subsidence curves and subsidence rate curves for the Sirte basin, constructed from the stratigraphic record, show that subsidence was continuous throughout Late Cretaceous and Tertiary times, reaching a maximum during the Paleocene and Eocene, when a major reactivation of faults occurred. Shales and carbonates were deposited during all of the Late Cretaceous and Tertiary. Abrupt lateral facies changes occur from the platform areas toward the deeper troughs along with steep downdip thickening. These conditions were probably assisted by contemporaneous faulting along structurally weak hinge lines where the dominant structural elements are normal step faults. The absence of upper Paleozoic and lower Mesozoic sediments suggests that the area was domed, faulted, and eroded during the late Mesozoic. As a result of crustal extension during the Paleocene, a marked lithologic and structural change occurred. The Heira Shale succeeded the Kalash Limestone in the Marada trough. Reactivation of the earlier faults, accompanied by an increase in the sediment supply from the south, caused these lower Paleocene shales to cover the entire area, with the exception of the old highs where carbonate deposition continued. An intercalation of shales and carbonates provides a sensitive indicator of change of depth and sediment type.

  19. Early Tertiary subsidence and sedimentary facies - Northern Sirte Basin, Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gumati, Y.D.; Kanes, W.H.

    1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The subsidence curves and subsidence rate curves for the Sirte basin, constructed from the stratigraphic record, show that subsidence was continuous throughout Late Cretaceous and Tertiary times, reaching a maximum during the Paleocene and Eocene, when a major reactivation of faults occurred. Shales and carbonates were deposited during all of the Late Cretaceous and Tertiary. Abrupt lateral facies changes occur from the platform areas toward the deeper troughs along with steep downdip thickening. The absence of upper Paleozoic and lower Mesozoic sediments suggests that the area was domed, faulted, and eroded during the late Mesozoic. As a result of crustal extension during the Paleocene, a marked lithologic and structural change occurred. The Heira Shale succeeded the Kalash Limestone in the Marada trough. Reactivation of the earlier faults, accompanied by an increase in the sediment supply from the south, caused these lower Paleocene shales to cover the entire area, with the exception of the old highs where carbonate deposition continued. An intercalation of shales and carbonates provides a sensitive indicator of change of depth and sediment type. 14 figures.

  20. WPTV News Channel 5 Boca expert concerned for Libya's future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belogay, Eugene A.

    warring factions at bay. Now that the dictator is dead and there's no longer a single goal uniting to make sure that the competing factions, having come together to oust Kadhafi, can come together

  1. algeria libya morocco: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: this structure a potential source15 of destructive earthquakes that could hit the capital city, as occurred...

  2. Religiosity, Freedom of Expression and Lebanon and Morocco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byers III, Ward

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    history of existence, than some modern Western democratic nations. Furthermore, as recent14 - ?4 Bellin, 139-141. 8 Samuel P. Huntington, "The Clash of Civilizations?, Foreign Affairs (1993): 22-49.9 Abdou Filali-Ansary, Muslims and Democracy..., Journal of Democracy 10, no. 3 (1999): 18, 19. 10 Ibid., 19.11 Ibid., 20-22.12 This list is cited directly from Abdou Filali-Ansarys, (1999), Muslims and Democracy.13 Both Greece and Portugal, both of which have been under military rule as recent...

  3. Conservation of architecture and settlements in Lebanon : two case studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Hasani, Naji Maher-Nasr-e-din

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most of the information in this proposal is derived from my former and current research on Beirut, Methodology for Slow Conservation of War-Damaged Structures in Downtown Beirut. In the earlier version I have failed to ...

  4. Lebanon County, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind EnergyIndiana: EnergyLands in Washington

  5. Lebanon, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow TankOpen Energy InformationBJersey:

  6. City of Lebanon, Missouri (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationin Urban Transport |CityCityCity ofCityCity ofLawler, IowaCity

  7. New Lebanon, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergyPPCR)NevisInformation 4thInformationNew

  8. City of Lebanon, Ohio (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, click here.TelluricPowerCityJonesville, LouisianaLansing,

  9. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 12/05/2011 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .05 United Arab Emirates 2 1 2.50 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 154 24 92.15 United.71 Kazakhstan 2 0 0.99 Kenya 31 4 53.88 Kuwait 3 0 0.49 Lebanon 8 2 15.32 Lesotho 2 0 0.46 Libyan Arab Person-months* Sudan 27 10 80.28 Swaziland 1 0 0.46 Sweden 29 6 8.38 Switzerland 77 15 16.70 Syrian Arab

  10. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 26/03/2014 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .19 Ukraine 55 25 33.24 United Arab Emirates 1 0 0.13 United Kingdom 279 47 125.13 United Republic of Tanzania.50 Kenya 36 12 43.07 Kuwait 3 1 0.66 Kyrgyzstan 1 0 0.46 Lebanon 9 3 4.24 Lesotho 1 0 0.46 Libyan Arab.94 Syrian Arab Republic 6 0 9.63 Thailand 14 6 4.77 the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 8 3 15.88 Togo

  11. Improving Operational Strategies of an Institutional Building in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ragom, F.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and lab/office equipment. The base consumption of the building was found to be 800 MWh per month. This amount was being consumed regularly throughout the year, and it represented the minimum consumption of the winter months. By inspecting the building... consumption of the side lamps assuming an average lamp rating of 60W and that they are used 5 days a week for 7.5 hours per day will be 11 MWh/year. To change the employees habits with regards to utilization of lighting system, the third strategy...

  12. Conceptual Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminal design for Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljeeran, Fares

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This research study investigated a new conceptual design for a modular structural configuration incorporating storage for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) within the base of the platform structure. The structure, referred to as a modified gravity base...

  13. The life cycle assessment of concrete manufacturing in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El Mostafa, Mayce (Mayce A.)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Concrete is the second most widely used material in the world after water. Annually 9,120 million tons of concrete are produced, which is an equivalent of 1.3 tons of concrete per individual. As the world's primary ...

  14. Energy Conservation Program in Kuwait: A Local Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajiah, A. E.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    power demand and over 50% of annual energy consumption. The Ministry of Energy has to meet the growing demand for electricity by building new power plants that require high investments. This paper highlights the advancement in the Energy Conservation... the fuel consumption at the power plants and will indeed result in less emission of Carbon Dioxide and better environment. Key words: energy efficiency, air-conditioning, control strategies, thermal storage, greenhouse gas emission. 1...

  15. Conceptual Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminal design for Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljeeran, Fares

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This research study investigated a new conceptual design for a modular structural configuration incorporating storage for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) within the base of the platform structure. The structure, referred to ...

  16. U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Kuwait | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2, 2015 -Helicopter Accident atConference | Department of

  17. NREL: Technology Transfer - Kuwait Visitors Interested in NREL Solar and

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy: Grid IntegrationReport Available for DownloadHydrogenGeothermal

  18. Lesson 56: Shopping, Buying and Selling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    [Dinar] Aljeria / Libya / Tunisia [Algeria / Libya / Tunisia] Ougiya [Oguiya] Mauritania [Mauritania

  19. The post-war Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tempest, P.

    1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The Middle East remains today the global energy fulcrum. One year after the Persian Gulf war, the region is in greater turmoil and political uncertainty than it has known in modern times. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and subsequent external military intervention forced neighboring states to question the need for a foreign military presence in the future. The rift between the secular revolutionary states in the region led by Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Algeria, and Syria and the traditional monarchy of Saudi Arabia and the emirates of the gulf has widened. Egypt provides, at present, an uncomfortable bridge. The balance of political forces may be shifting. This paper attempts to answer the following questions: Where will we see the new leadership in the Middle East Will it again play a role through the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and determination of the oil price in shaping the structure of global energy supply and demand

  20. Lesson 57: Comparatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    child's behavior is exceedingly bad.] b). Vita kati ya Libya na Amerika vimezidi. [The war between Libya

  1. Trade balance instability and the optimal exchange rate regime: The case of OPEC countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aljerrah, M.A.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The OPEC members have experienced wide fluctuations in their trade balances. This can be attributed to several factors: (1) heavy dependence of national income and export earnings on a single primary export-oil; (2) instability of price and world demand for oil; and (3) the exchange rate regime practiced in recent years. An exchange rate policy can be used to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance, given the changes in exchange rates of major international currencies. The purpose of this study is two fold; first, examine the effects of fluctuations in trade balance on the OPEC economies, and second, propose appropriate exchange rate regime for selected OPEC members. The study is divided into two parts. The first part demonstrates the impact of trade balance changes on national income and other macroeconomic variables using a Keynesian framework. The second part involves using conventional trade models to search for the appropriate exchange rate regime to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance of each selective country. The study's findings are: first, fluctuations in trade balances had negative effects on the economics of Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Second, the current exchange rate regime of no sample country is optimal in minimizing trade balance fluctuations. Third, in contrast to expectations, U.S. dollar peg did not stabilize the trade balance of any OPEC member. Finally, the results show that the sample OPEC economies could have enjoyed faster - though with different degree - economic growth if they had pegged their currencies to the derived optimal exchange rate regime. These optimal exchange rate regimes are: the SDR for Algeria and the United Arab Emirates, the purchasing power parity for Libya and Saudi Arabia, and the real Yen for Kuwait.

  2. Italian Women Writers and the Fascist 'Politica Islamica' in Colonial Libya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, Rebecca

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    la pi viva espressione della politica dellItalia verso leBuonaiuti, Cesare. Politica e religioni nel colonialismoesemplare. Ideologia e politica della donna e della famiglia

  3. Cyclic transgressive and regressive sequences and their association with hydrocarbons, Sirte Basin, Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abushagar, S.A.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Sirte basin was developed in north Africa between the Tethys Sea and the Saharan shield during Late Cretaceous time and was the site of mixed siliciclastic and carbonate deposition throughout the Tertiary. A series of bioclastic limestones and shales was deposited around the basin rim. Shales were confined to the low-energy zones in the basin, whereas carbonates were deposited on the shelf areas. The Farrud Formation (equivalent to the Beda Formation in the central part) is the main reservoir for oil found in the western portion of the basin. The faunal assemblages and lithologies recognized in this formation apparently reflect a very shallow marine depositional environment. Source rocks are developed in organic-rich, transgressive shales (Dahra and Hagfa). Moldic, fenestral, and intraparticle porosities are the most common types recognized in the carbonate reservoirs of the Farrud Formation. Permeability is developed in part by processes such as dolomitization, leaching, and fracturing in the two progradational, regressive carbonate cycles, resulting in the exceptional Ghani field reservoirs. Hydrocarbons were trapped in these reservoirs due to the presence of a supratidal anhydrite cap rock.

  4. Crustal rifting and subsidence of Sirte basin, Libya: a mature hydrocarbon Province

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gumati, Y.; Schamel, S.; Nairn, A.E.M.

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The complex rifting and subsidence history of the Sirte basin serves as an instructive case study of the tectonic evolution of an intercratonic extensional basin. The Sirte basin formed by collapse of the Sirte arch in the mid-Cretaceous. Marine sediments accumulated following initial crustal arching and rifting as the basin was flooded from the north. Upper Cretaceous strata lie unconformably on igneous and metamorphic rocks of the Precambrian basement complex, Cambrian-Ordovician Gargaf Group, or the pre-Cretaceous continental Nubian Sandstone. The most rapid subsidence and accumulation of basinal strata occurred in the early Cenozoic; however, the basin has been relatively stable since the Oligocene. The basin is floored by a northwest-southeast-trending mosaic of narrow horsts and grabens, an important structural characteristic that distinguishes it from the adjacent intracratonic Kufra, Murzuk, and Ghadames basins. The details of basin subsidence, sediment accumulation rates, and facies variations have been reconstructed for the northern Sirte basin from a suite of approximately 100 well logs and numerous seismic lines. Subsidence-rate maps for short time intervals from the mid-Cretaceous through the Eocene show a continual shifting of the loci of maximum and minimum subsidence. The nonsteady character of basin subsidence may reflect a periodicity of movement on the major basement-rooted growth faults bounding the underlying horsts and grabens.

  5. Estimated use of explosives in the mining industries of Algeria, Iran, Iraq, and Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilburn, D.R.; Russell, J.A.; Bleiwas, D.I. [and others

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work was performed under Memorandum of Agreement B291534 Between the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the United States Bureau of Mines. The Bureau of Mines authors are members of the Minerals Availability Field Office (MAFO) in Denver, CO, which uses an extensive network of information sources to develop and maintain the Minerals Availability database concerning mining and minerals properties worldwide. This study was initiated and directed by F. Heuze at LLNL. A previous study on the same subject had been commissioned by LLNL from the Mining Journal Research Services (MJRS) in London ,UK. Its results were integrated into this report. MJRS is shown as one of the numerous sources which were used for this work. All sources are listed in the report. This document is arranged in four sections, one for each country, in alphabetical order. Thie outline is the same for each country.

  6. Personal Computing for Education Reform in Libya Ahmed Elmagarmid and Arjmand Samuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elmagarmid, Ahmed K.

    -driven crank, solar panels etc. OLPC also runs a thinned-down version of Linux operating system and is focused, portable and low cost computers for use in schools across the developing world. Two initiatives, namely One these projects aim to provide a low-cost laptop, in the range of $200-$300, to the world's children

  7. The Kufrah Paleodrainage System in Libya: A Past Connection to the Mediterranean Sea ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    between the terminal part of the Kufrah River and the Mediterranean Sea through the Wadi Sahabi, a Pliocene alkaline basaltic intra-continental volcanic field, and potentially connected to the Wadi Sahabi in the dunes of the Calanscio Sand Sea, forming alluvial fans. The most southern paleochannel, known as Wadi

  8. TRAFFIC-RELATED AIR POLLUTION. A PILOT EXPOSURE1 ASSESSMENT IN BEIRUT, LEBANON2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    the use of biomarkers of exposure to benzene and BD. Personal benzene, toluene,30 ethylbenzene, and xylene as biomarker of exposure to BD in humans. Traffic policemen, who are exposed to46 hal-00914713,version1-25Jan

  9. Leveraging infrastructure : sustainable bus rapid transit route planning in Beirut, Lebanon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nabti, Jumana M., 1976-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis applies the concepts of urban design, public transportation planning, economic development, and sustainability, to the routing and site plan of a two-kilometer bus rapid transit (BRT) line segment into downtown ...

  10. Lebanon-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow TankOpen Energy

  11. Lebanon-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow TankOpen Energyin Developing and

  12. Characterisation of CTX-M-?-lactamases in enterobacteriaceaeae in hospitals in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almaraghi, Norya

    2013-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Introduction: In this decade, the CTX-M family of enzymes are considered to be the most common type of extended-spectrum ?-lactamases (ESBLs). The production of these Class A ?-lactamases are noted to be most prevalent ...

  13. Social and Economic Challenges of Implementing Sustainable Materials on Buildings in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Foraih, R.; Al-Fahad, F.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    management and occupant cooperation. This raises challenges when requiring cooperation from building occupants and cleaning staff for the solid waste management credits which require dedication to reduce the amount of waste going to landfills and incinerating...

  14. MEW Efforts in Reducing Electricity and Water Consumption in Government and Private Sectors in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Tayar, I.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and shallow wells ? 1925 - 1951 - water imported from Shatt Al-Arab, Iraq ? 1951 - public water supply service established and managed by the State ? 1951 - KOC installs a small desalination plant ? 1960 - discovery of fresh water at Al...-Raudhatain ? 1970 - to date - rapid increase of desalination capacity Historical Background - Water Electricity Generation and Water Desalination No . Power Station Establishe d Electricity Generation Water Production Year Million kW Million emperor...

  15. The Influence of Air-Conditioning Efficiency in the Peak Load Demand for Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, A. A.; Maheshwari, G. P.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in reduction in peak load demand and savings of KD 2,301 million in capital expenditures are possible for the years between 2001 and 2025 if the PR of AC systems are improved to 1.2 kW/RT from its present level of 2.0 kW/RT. Also, it is estimated that extent...

  16. The Influence of Air-Conditioning Efficiency in the Peak Load Demand for Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, A. A.; Maheshwari, G. P.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) The annual savings realized in peak load demand and cost of electric power generation and distribution network ( ) due to this revision are: nPRSAV PL ,, n,PR SAV nPRACACnPRAC PLPLPL ,,,, ?=? (4) 400*000,1* ,,, nPRACnPR PLSAV...

  17. Radiological Conditions in Areas of Kuwait with Residues of Depleted Uranium RADIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    Under the terms of Article III of its Statute, the IAEA is authorized to establish standards of safety for protection against ionizing radiation and to provide for the application of these standards to peaceful nuclear activities. The regulatory related publications by means of which the IAEA establishes safety standards and measures are issued in the IAEA Safety Standards Series. This series covers nuclear safety, radiation safety, transport safety and waste safety, and also general safety (that is, of relevance in two or more of the four areas), and the categories within it are Safety Fundamentals, Safety Requirements and Safety Guides. Safety Fundamentals (blue lettering) present basic objectives, concepts and principles of safety and protection in the development and application of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. Safety Requirements (red lettering) establish the requirements that must be met to ensure safety. These requirements, which are expressed as shall statements, are governed by the objectives and principles presented in the Safety Fundamentals. Safety Guides (green lettering) recommend actions, conditions or procedures for meeting safety requirements. Recommendations in Safety Guides are expressed as should statements, with the implication that it is necessary to take the measures recommended or equivalent alternative measures to comply with the requirements. The IAEAs safety standards are not legally binding on Member States but may be adopted by them, at their own discretion, for use in national regulations in respect of their own activities. The standards are binding on the IAEA in relation to its own operations and on States in relation to operations assisted by the IAEA. Information on the IAEAs safety standards programme (including editions in languages other than English) is available at the IAEA Internet site www.iaea.org/ns/coordinet

  18. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman Meets with U.S. Troops in Kuwait |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCO OverviewRepository |Complex"Department of Energy BodmanDepartment

  19. NEWS IN BRIEF NATURE|Vol 435|9 June 2005 Germanycastsdoubton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and a Palestinian doctor sentenced to death in Libya in May 2004 will remain in jail for six more months before, long before the workers arrived in Libya (see Nature 430, 277; 2004). The decision by Libya's supreme

  20. Proceedings of COLING 2014, the 25th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: Technical Papers, pages 12081217, Dublin, Ireland, August 23-29 2014.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . For instance, for the query "Libya conflict", our system will return important events related to the Libya measures" to protect civilians in Libya, where a revolt is under way against the regime of Moamer Kadhafi

  1. Fighting for control : state-sponsored terrorism as foreign policy in Cuba and Libya, 1959-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payne, John David, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this dissertation, I ask four inter-related questions about state-sponsored terrorism. First, under what conditions do states choose to support foreign terrorist groups? Second, when do sponsor states stop supporting ...

  2. Italians and the Invention of Race: The Poetics and Politics of Difference in the Struggle over Libya, 1890-1913

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Re, Lucia

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    e alla scienza di governo (Torino: Fratelli Bocca, 1890),e alla scienza di governo (Torino: Fratelli Bocca, 1890),la megera che, protetti dal governo, inseguono la tua figlia

  3. Italians and the Invention of Race: The Poetics and Politics of Difference in the Struggle over Libya, 1890-1913

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Re, Lucia

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Filippo Tommaso. La battaglia di Tripoli (26 ottobre 1911)stands Marinettis La battaglia di Tripoli (1911-1912).end the free-word poem Battaglia Peso+Odore. All three

  4. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALGERIA Universit d'Alger Benyoucef Benkhedda 13.12.2005 http://www.univ-alger.dz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    ://www.uonbi.ac.ke LIBYA University of Garyounis 07.07.2005 http://www.garyounis.edu LIBYA Al-Arab Medical University 20

  5. Modeling Topic Specific Credibility in Twitter Byungkyu Kang, John O'Donovan,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    users who tweeted about the topic "Libya". Results show that the social model outperfoms hybrid credibility ratings on the "Libya" dataset. Author Keywords Credibility, Trust, Microblogs, Data Mining

  6. ailanthus excelsa roxb: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Medicine Websites Summary: of Juniperus excelsa and J. polycarpos from Greece, Turkey, Lebanon and Azerbaijan Robert P. Adams Biology, Greece, Lebanon and Turkey revealed...

  7. CIMAR and UA examine marine protected areas off the coast of Lebanon for the MedMPAnet Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    Sea and the effect of global warming up to 40 metres deep. The result of the working group after carried out on the coast are allowed, but with a coastal planning and avoiding - if possible - the human impact on the coast. Following the same model, the researchers have defined Enfeh and Tyre as areas

  8. Hypatia of Alexandria Historical References Regarding the Life of Hypatia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tevelev, Jenia

    , represented Upper Libya in Council of Ephesus Taurus Seleucus Cyrus - Perfect of Constantinople Athanasius

  9. Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 04 au 10 avril 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Université de

    Abby Deveney) : Conflict continues in Libya, Ivory Coast and Yemen; no relief for Japan; the handbag

  10. April 20, 2005 --Lecture 35 Computer Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Douglas W.

    , Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Serbia, Sudan, Syria, and Taleban controlled areas of Afghanistan #12

  11. DESERT HYDROLOGY Elements of the hydrological cycle in arid lands (after Shmida et al.1986)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plateau (Glen Canyon Dam) · Egypt- NSAS (Nubian Aquifer) · Libya - GMMP Artesian Systems (pressurized

  12. U.N. Security Council Issues Condemnation of Syria Attack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that might repeat the NATO military intervention in Libya, and despite strong statements, the West has

  13. 20 Annual Report 2012 | Excellence in Research Exploring the Human Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    inspired further demonstrations in Libya, Syria, and elsewhere. During the fall course, "Global Orients

  14. African Alumni of ISU (ISU-AA) "Statement of Intent"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glass, Ian S.

    . Most countries in Africa: Kenya, Libya, South Africa, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroun, Algeria and others

  15. PhD Dissertation Defense CONTRIBUTION AND MECHANISMS OF ACTION OF GRAPHITE NANOMATERIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HIGH PERFORMANCE CONCRETE By Libya Ahmed Sbia Advisor: Prof. Praviz Soroshian Tuesday, July 15, 2014

  16. YouProve: Authenticity and Fidelity in Mobile Sensing Peter Gilbert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Egypt, and Libya is difficult. Due to logistical obstacles, govern- ment bans, and reprisals against

  17. International Opportunities.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Jim

    contact Jon Inegbedion: Libya, Egypt, Turkey, Iraq, Iran Rami Al Mousa: Jordan, Bahrain, Saudi, Qatar

  18. University 5 University Office Listings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Yizhi

    ..................................................2-6032 Libya Williams, Construction Accounting ................................2-9517 People

  19. Erasmus Mundus Action 2 Strand 1 / Strand 2 (delete as appropriate) PROJECT SUMMARY SHEET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schenato, Luca

    ____________________________________ Title of proposal EM A2 Strand 1 Lot 1:Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt and Libya (EM A2 LOT 1 Al- Fihri Partner 18 Libyan International Medical University Libya Partner 19 Omar Muhktar University Libya TC, Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt and Libya Project duration (months) 48 months #12;Amount requested (EUR) 4

  20. Among the Best A Great Start to 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stell, John

    and Libya. The need for more physiotherapists (trained to a high standard) in developed and developing

  1. ******** PROVISIONAL SYLLABUS SUBJECT TO MODIFICATION ******* Society and Politics of North Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    "farthest west" in Arabic)--encompassing Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya--has historically been

  2. Swedish-Maghreb Contact Seminar in Algiers, Algeria 13-14 October 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    scholars and administrators from Algeria, Libya and Sweden Venue: tbc Hotel: Hotel El-Riadh, Staoueli

  3. National Aeronautics and Space Administration www.nasa.gov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian, Eric

    2006 Table of Contents GoddardUpdates Goddard Updates NASA Watches Total Eclipse from Libya and Turkey Libya. Libya provided the best location to see the solar phenomena; the expansive Sahara Desert podcasts. Live webcasts and NASA TV coverage from Turkey began at 5 a.m. EST March 29. In addition to Libya

  4. World crude output overcomes Persian Gulf disruption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several OPEC producers made good on their promises to replace 2.7 MMbpd of oil exports that vanished from the world market after Iraq took over Kuwait. Even more incredibly, they accomplished this while a breathtaking 1.2- MMbopd reduction in Soviet output took place during the course of 1991. After Abu Dhabi, Indonesia, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela turned the taps wide open, their combined output rose 2.95 MMbopd. Put together with a 282,000-bopd increase by Norway and contributions from smaller producers, this enabled world oil production to remain within 400,000 bopd of its 1990 level. The 60.5-MMbopd average was off by just 0.7%. This paper reports that improvement took place in five of eight regions. Largest increases were in Western Europe and Africa. Greatest reductions occurred in Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Fifteen nations produced 1 MMbopd or more last year, compared with 17 during 1990.

  5. Need for refining capacity creates opportunities for producers in Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, M.S.S. (Bahrain National Oil Co., Awali (Bahrain))

    1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil industry interest in refining has revived in the past few years in response to rising oil consumption. The trend creates opportunities, for countries in the Middle East, which do not own refining assets nearly in proportion to their crude oil reserved. By closing this gap between reserves and refining capacity, the countries can ease some of the instability now characteristic of the oil market. Some major oil producing countries have begun to move downstream. During the 1980s, Venezuela, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries acquired refining assets through direct total purchase or joint ventures. Nevertheless, the oil industry remains largely unintegrated, with the Middle East holding two thirds of worldwide oil reserves but only a small share downstream. As worldwide refining capacity swings from a period of surplus toward one in which the need for new capacity will be built. The paper discusses background of the situation, shrinking surplus, investment requirements, sources of capital, and shipping concerns.

  6. Per Diem (US$)/ (Akashi) 297

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Jordan) (Amman) 182 135 (Kuwait) 339 (Bahrain) 226 (Qatar) 187 (United Arab Emirates) (Abu Dhabi) 206

  7. Smokes from the oil fires following the Gulf War: A review and new perspectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radke, L.F.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Emissions resulting from the oil fires in Kuwait and environmental effects from those emissions are described.

  8. Tectonic synthesis of the northern Arabian platform

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Everett, J.R.; Russell, O.R.; Stasxkowski, R.J.; Loyd, S.P.; Tabbutt, V.M. (Earth Satellite Corp., Chevy Chase, MD (USA)); Dolan, P.; Stein, A. (Dolan and Associates, Richmond (England)); Scott, J. (Petroleum Geological Analysis, Ltd., Reading (England))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The creation and destruction of Tethys oceans from the early Mesozoic to the present has created a complex suture zone along the Zagros/Bitlus trend. The fundamental interactions are between the Arabian and Euasian plates, but several microplates trapped between the major plates further complicate the tectonic fabric of the region. On the west, the Arabian plate slides past the African plate and the Sinai microplate along the Levant fault. The Palmyrides are related to a bend in this plate boundary and are not an offset extension of the Syrian arc. As Arabia penetrates Eurasia the Anatolian block is escaping to the west along the northern (right-lateral) and eastern (left-lateral) faults. Convergence of the Eurasian and Arabian plates resulted in ophiolite abduction (Late Cretaceous), followed by continent-continent collision (Miocene to present). The zone of collision is marked by the Bitlis-Zagrosa suture. Structural features associated with the collision include overthrusting, impactogens, and complexly folded and faulted mountain systems. Intensity and complexity of structuring decreases southward into open long-wavelength folds on the Arabian Platform. The fortuitous combination of rich source rocks, abundant reservoir rocks with primary and fracture porosity, and numerous trapping structures make this an extraordinary prolific hydrocarbon province. A structural and lithologic interpretation of 53 contiguous Landsat Multispectral Scanner scenes covering all of Syria, Iraq, and Kuwait, and portions of Turkey, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia has provided insights into the tectonic history of this area and its hydrocarbon accumulation.

  9. doi: 10.1111/j.1529-8817.2005.00224.x Population Structure in the Mediterranean Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Lebanon 7 Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Department of Pathology, University of Malta, Malta 8 Mendel

  10. Lessons Learned from Nonproliferation Successes and Failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Jonathan I.

    , Argentina, Brazil, South Africa, Libya, Syria) and fail- ures (USSR, France, China, India, Pakistan-off Treaty) is not verifiable without very intrusive inspections directed by accurate intel- ligence. Libya

  11. I. Date of Initiation/Revision: October 2004, July 2010, March 2011, June 6, 2011, August 30, 2011, April II. Policy Classification: Office of Treasury

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portman, Douglas

    . Items CANNOT be accepted from Cuba, North Korea, Libya, Iraq, Iran, Myanmar, Sudan and former Yugoslavia in these countries in US dollars. Items CANNOT be accepted from Cuba, North Korea, Libya, Iraq, Iran, Myanmar, Sudan

  12. Reference Potential source Data type Sampling site Type of samples Number of samples Method of source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    samples for Saharan dust from Libya back trajectory analysis Kandler et al. 2009 PSA NAF-2 Illite NAF-4 Illite/kaolinite ratio Chlorite/kaolinite ratio Carbonate content Libya (here: central

  13. On the identity and origin of the Mediterranean invasive Caulerpa racemosa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boudouresque, Charles F.

    , 1995). At the beginning of the 1990s, the situation changed abruptly with the discovery in Libya (Albania, Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Libya, Malta, Spain, Tunisia and Turkey) and all

  14. GLOBALSCOPE www.socsci.uci.edu/globalconnect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    will be condensed to a 4-5week period; we have focused our introduction on five nations: Tunisia, Egypt, Libya them? What changes are the revolutionaries in the streets of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Syria and Yemen

  15. Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 07 au 13 mars 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Université de

    the 11 March edition (by Natalie Bennett) : Flowering protests: not just Libya, Jordan and Yemen could provide protection against natural disasters. Newsweek ­ March 07, 2011 Future ­ Libya After

  16. A dynamic concept for eastern Mediterranean circulation and oxygenation during sapropel formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohling, Eelco

    benthic presence through sapropel S1 at intermediate- deep locations offshore Libya; and further of S1. The observations of a continuous benthic presence through S1 (offshore from Libya) imply

  17. Thursday, March 26, 2009 MARS: AQUEOUS PROCESSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    in Eastern Libya Montes, Mars: Implications for Long-Term Fluvial Activity [#1604] The Noachian highlands of Libya Montes represent one of the oldest regions on Mars that have been degraded by intensive, long

  18. FM 90-3/FMFM 7-27 Headquarters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    and Libya to the bitter cold of winter in the Gobi (East Asia). In some deserts, day-to-night temperature. Defiles play an important role, where they exist. In the Western Desert of Libya, an escarpment

  19. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: SPACE PHYSICS, VOL. 118, 18, doi:10.1002/jgra.50448, 2013 Characteristics of long recovery early VLF events observed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Libya). The results indicate that the observation of long recovery events depends strongly on the modal, Université de Tunis El Manar I, Tunis, Tunisia. 5 Department of Physics, Sebha University, Sebha, Libya

  20. For Immediate Release AUB panel: US will not oust Syrian President due to geopolitical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    the military parade in Red Square, and the projected establishment of naval bases in Libya, Yemen and Syria to establish the bases in Libya and Yemen, as well as its lucrative arms deals to those states and other

  1. PRINT ONLY: MER: SPIRIT AND OPPORTUNITY Knoll A. H. Arvidson R. E. Bell J. F. III Clark B. C. Grotzinger J. P. Jolliff B. McLennan S. M. Squyres S. W.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    I. Greenwood R. A New CK Carbonaceous Chondrite from Hammada Al Hamra, Libya [#1899] A single stone weighing 198 g was found in 2001 in the Hammada al Hamra region of Libya. Petrographic features (mean

  2. The Saharan Metacraton Mohamed G. Abdelsalam a,*, Jean-Paul Lieegeois b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    -central part of Africa and extends in the Saharan Desert in Egypt, Libya, Sudan, Chad and Niger of the northern margin of the African continent in southern Egypt and Libya. The term ``metacraton'' refers

  3. Foreign Fishery Developments The Sicilian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    facilities, fish de- pletion in local waters, and disputes with Libya, Tunisia, and Malta over fishing rights in the channel between Sicily and Libya and Tunisia. But lately this has led to serious diplomatic strains (see

  4. Offprint Botanica Marina Vol. 44, 2001, pp. 425 460 2001 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin New York Checklist of Mediterranean Seaweeds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boudouresque, Charles F.

    ) Libya, (Tn) Tunisia, (Ag) Algeria, (Mo) Morocco. (Gallardo et al. 1993). The Rhodophyceae) Libya, (Tn) Tunisia, (Ag) Algeria, (Mo) Morocco. This work benefited from the suggestions on tax- onomy

  5. 30 January 2012 China puts space-age seal on African role

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Libya. But Europeans, who contribute the largest part of AU project finance, appeared comprehensively in Ivory Coast and the Nato-backed rebellion in Libya split the continent, neither the South African

  6. The Design and Performance Evaluation of a Proactive Multipath Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trinder, Phil

    in Libya, and the Cultural Affairs in London, for the financial support during my study. I would like in Libya, also to my father (Allah bless his soul). ii #12;Declaration I hereby declare that the work

  7. 1647 The Meteoritical Society, 2007. Printed in USA. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 42, Nr 9, 16471694 (2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connolly Jr, Harold C.

    and Gullhögen (both from Sweden). AFRICA Libya Dar al Gani 1048 27°12.10N, 16°18.67E Libya Find: June 28, 2001

  8. Folia Zool. 56(4): 378388 (2007) New mitochondrial lineages within the Pipistrellus pipistrellus complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horacek, Ivan

    . hanaki from Libya. We have detected the occurrence of P. pygmaeus s.str. in northern Iran. In the clade P (Libya). The latter one was described as separ

  9. LATE ORDOVICIAN CLIMBING DUNE ASSEMBLAGES, THE SIGNATURE OF GLACIAL OUTBURST ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , jean-loup.rubino@total.com 4NOC, Libya, Y-Boujazia@yahoo.com Meltwater-related processes have long been of the Western Murzuq Basin/ Tassili n'Ajjer area (southern Libya ­ Algeria boundary), this presentation aims

  10. Tuesday, March 13, 2007 POSTER SESSION I: MARS VALLEY NETWORKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    Regions and Multiple Water Release Events in Valley Networks of the Libya Montes Region on Mars [#1729] We investigate a valley network in the western Libya Montes region, which originates in a highland mountain

  11. Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 28 fvrier au 06 mars 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Université de

    Guardian Weekly Inside the 4 March edition (by Abby Deveney) : Saudis seek to avert 'day of rage' as Libya the word out from Libya (by Jim Giles and Jacob Aron) : Machine translation can take you so far

  12. The Russian veto: saying "no" is not a By AMIR TAHERI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    similar facilities in only four. With the recent change in Libya, the Russian navy is left with no base

  13. Paintball Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Korea Libya Niger Peru Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine UAE United

  14. Fees are subject to change. See studyguide.au.dk *PLACE OF STUDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An earthquake in Japan, a revolution in Libya ­ there is always a historical perspective to world events. Unlike

  15. Volunteer Day Student Voices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    of origin of our new Spring B students: Argentina Brazil Burkina Faso China Colombia France Korea Libya

  16. ByH enr T. Va G ner al ........ ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The most popular and productive method of harvesting sponges in Libya is thr ough the use of Machin~ diving

  17. Beyond Simple Aggregates: Indexing for Summary Queries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Ke "Kevin"

    # of employees #12;3-1 Reporting vs. Aggregation Date Keyword 2011.04.08 Masters 2011 2011.04.08 Libya 2011.04.07 Japan nuclear crisis 2011.04.07 Libya · · · 2011.03.11 Japan earthquake 2011.03.11 Japan tsunami 2011 2011.04.08 Libya 2011.04.07 Japan nuclear crisis 2011.04.07 Libya · · · 2011.03.11 Japan earthquake

  18. 9 February 2012 A veto worthy of the Brezhnev era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    they were tricked into accepting the UN vote that led to the removal of Libya's Muammer Gaddafi. The Syrian

  19. WRITTEN TESTIMONY OF DR. REBECCA LENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the timeframe in the Magnuson-Stevens Act). These nations were France, Italy, Libya, Panama, the People

  20. International Oil and Gas Board International Oil and Gas Board...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ministry of Oil Kuwait City Kuwait http www moo gov kw Syrian Petroleum Company Syrian Petroleum Company Damascus Syria http www spc sy com en production activities1 en php...

  1. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    percent of the worlds oil reserves, additional leverage inin size. Kuwaits oil reserves, while relatively large, onlyto offset Iraqi Proven oil reserves figures from Humphreys

  2. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Figure 5. Monthly oil production for Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait,day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq Kuwait Figure 6.and the peak in U.S. oil production account for the broad

  3. Redesign of Electrical Installations to Maximize the Use of Photo Voltaic (PV) Cells at the End Use of Consumers in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alatrash, J.; Mhaisen, N.; Ismail, Z.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new idea of redesigning the electrical installations inside residential premises is presented in this paper. The idea is based on having two separate circuits' installations. The first is A.C circuit which can be served ...

  4. Redesign of Electrical Installations to Maximize the Use of Photo Voltaic (PV) Cells at the End Use of Consumers in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alatrash, J.; Mhaisen, N.; Ismail, Z.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) Photovoltaic PV 2010 1900 2 20 Photovoltaic PV2020 900 2 20 Table 2 gives the current price of Photovoltaic for Crystalline Silicon and Thin Films/Concentrators, while the price will be much reduced in the year 2020 as a result of using Thin Films... system was to meet a maximum demand load of 9710 MW in the year 2008, then the cost of one KW load was 19 475 /9710= 2005 US$/KW. By comparing this cost with the expected PV Photovoltaic in 2010 -given in Table 2 ? it is seems that the conventional...

  5. Refining industry trends: Europe and surroundings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guariguata, U.G.

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The European refining industry, along with its counterparts, is struggling with low profitability due to excess primary and conversion capacity, high operating costs and impending decisions of stringent environmental regulations that will require significant investments with hard to justify returns. This region was also faced in the early 1980s with excess capacity on the order of 4 MMb/d and satisfying the {open_quotes}at that point{close_quotes} demand by operating at very low utilization rates (60%). As was the case in the US, the rebalancing of the capacity led to the closure of some 51 refineries. Since the early 1990s, the increase in demand growth has essentially balanced the capacity threshold and utilization rates are settled around the 90% range. During the last two decades, the major oil companies have reduced their presence in the European refining sector, giving some state oil companies and producing countries the opportunity to gain access to the consumer market through the purchase of refining capacity in various countries-specifically, Kuwait in Italy; Libya and Venezuela in Germany; and Norway in other areas of Scandinavia. Although the market share for this new cast of characters remains small (4%) relative to participation by the majors (35%), their involvement in the European refining business set the foundation whereby US independent refiners relinquished control over assets that could not be operated profitably as part of a previous vertically integrated structure, unless access to the crude was ensured. The passage of time still seems to render this model valid.

  6. Push in U.N. for Criticism of Syria Is Rejected By NEIL MacFARQUHAR 27 April 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    stalemate that has evolved in Libya. The stability of Syria, said the Brazilian ambassador, Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti, is "central to regional stability." China, which also abstained in the Libya vote, called to military action against Libya under similar circumstances just weeks ago -- appeared to evaporate. Western

  7. Original article Field-oriented trial of the Chinese Brucella suis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and goats in Libya AA Mustafa M Abusowa 1 % FAO Representative, Box 1117, Khartoum, Sudan; 2 Director of the Animal Health Department, PO Box 351, Tripoli, Libya (Received 20 April 1993; accepted 18 June 1993 is know to be prevalent in sheep and goats in Libya. Recently, evidence of association between ovine

  8. Biogeosciences, 11, 31493161, 2014 www.biogeosciences.net/11/3149/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of Libya contains up to 1.8 mM of nitrate, which ex- ceeds the World Health Organization limit for drinking, and aquifer storage. High NO- 3 concentrations of paleo-groundwater from the Hasouna area (Libya) have been-Home and Sahli, 2007). Deciphering the source of NO- 3 for Saharan groundwater in Libya is highly challenging

  9. Apidologie 40 (2009) 97105 Available online at: c INRA/DIB-AGIB/ EDP Sciences, 2009 www.apidologie.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Libya* Taher Shaibi1 , Stefan Fuchs2 , Robin F.A. Moritz1 1 Institut für Biologie, Martin population from the Holocene. Apis mellifera / morphometry / Libya / sahariensis / conservation 1 African sub- species A. m. intermissa and sahariensis in the west, Libya provides a missing link

  10. Seth Wenig/Associated Press Jacob Zuma of South Africa at United Nations headquarters in New York on Jan. 12.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the ties between the two organizations. Citing the intervention in Libya last spring, he accused NATO-fly zone over Libya at the height of Muammar el-Qaddafi's crackdown -- and instead had favored bombing to it enough. The African Union had no peacekeeping forces on hand to pick up the Libya job from NATO -- much

  11. 15/10/2008 12:29Untitled Page 1 of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohling, Eelco

    conditions reached a lot further north than previously thought, providing a wet 'corridor' through Libya, with collaborators from the universities of Southampton, Oxford, Hull and Tripoli (Libya), investigated whether on the paper said: "Space-born radar images showed fossil river channels crossing the Sahara in Libya, flowing

  12. The Unexpected end of the Qadhafi's regime Until the Arab spring, the Qadhafi's regime had overcome the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Libya up to the "global war against terrorism" and created an image of his country as a Mediterra- nean portrayed Libya as having such huge potential that it will have great influence in the future. According to Seif El Islam, «Libya will be a modern country with modern infrastruc- ture and a high GDP. Its

  13. Analysis of Country-wide Internet Outages Caused by Alberto Dainotti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    : Egypt and Libya. Our analy- sis relies on multiple sources of large-scale data already available other insights, we detected what we believe were Libya's attempts to test firewall- based blocking on February 11. Four days later, similar protests erupted in Libya, calling for an end to the Gaddafi regime

  14. BACHELOR THESIS The High Representative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vellekoop, Michel

    BACHELOR THESIS The High Representative and the Libya Crisis An Assessment Dominique Prescher 8 and the Libya Crisis 2 Table of Content 1. Summary 4 2. Introduction 4 3. Theoretical Framework 8 3.1 Neo 34 9. Bibliography 36 #12;Bachelor Thesis The High Representative and the Libya Crisis 3 List

  15. MACHINE TRANSLATION IN THE YEAR 2004 Kevin Knight and Daniel Marcu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcu, Daniel

    evaluation: insistent Wednesday may recurred her trips to Libya tomorrow for flying Cairo 6-4 ( AFP for flying" may resumed a consideration of a day Wednesday tomorrow her trips to Libya of Security Egyptair Has Tomorrow to Resume Its Flights to Libya Cairo 4-6 (AFP) - said an official at the Egyptian

  16. Stichproben. Wiener Zeitschrift fr kritische Afrikastudien Nr. 8/2005, 5. Jg. Constructions of territoriality in the Sahara

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , African migrants on their way to Libya or Europe develop a specific form of territoriality based for Libya and Europe, has massively increased. Since then, several ten thousand migrants cross the Sahara, it is difficult to quantify this secret human traffic. #12;Stichproben238 among Agadez and Libya is still

  17. HOST UNIVERSITIES: University of Abou Bekr Belkaid Tlemcen,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    and Maritime Transport, Egypt University of Sirte, Libya Superior Institution of Science and Technology SCHOLARSHIPS FOR STUDY/RESEARCH IN MOROCCO|EGYPT|TUNISIA|ALGERIA|LIBYA AVAILABLE FOR UNDERGRADUATE|MASTER POST Doctorate 1800 Staff 2500 EU FUNDED SCHOLARSHIPS FOR STUDY/RESEARCH IN EU|MOROCCO|EGYPT TUNISIA|ALGERIA|LIBYA

  18. Distinctive genetic signatures in the Libyan Jews Noah A. Rosenberg*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Noah

    contained in Libya records the settlement of Jews from Egypt around 312 BCE (1, 2), and the ancient in the 6th century (1), and others may have arrived from Arabia and Syria with the Moslem conquest of Libya of North Africa, Libya did not serve as a major destination of Iberian Jews seeking refuge after their 1492

  19. Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 21 au 27 mars 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Université de

    ( By JOHN CLOUD) : How alternative treatments can ease pain. WORLD The War Between The Libyas (Fby Abigail issue (by Natalie Bennett) : Libya, Japan, Bahrain and much more. International news US military taps The challenge of Libya : Where will it end? : The Americans, the Europeans and the Arabs must all hold

  20. Foreign Fishery Developments New Latin American

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to be delivered. Libya has announced the formation of several joint fishery ventures with Af- rican countries/58.) Taiwan and Libya have both recently forn1ed joint venture fishing companies in Latin America. Taiwan Trawling Venture Libya and Guyana have agreed to set up a $5 million joint fishing company in which Guyana

  1. Abdallah Eteleeb Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rouchka, Eric

    , The Netherlands M.S., Information Systems Development June 2005 University of Eljabel Elgharbi, Zintan, Libya B, University of Eljabel Elgharbi, Zentan, Libya Adjunct Lecturer 2007-2008 Software Development Department, Higher Institute of Comprehensive Disciplines, Jado, Libya Adjunct Lecturer 2007-2008 Medical Information

  2. An Unsupervised Approach to Recognizing Discourse Relations Daniel Marcu and Abdessamad Echihabi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcu, Daniel

    , the sentence/clause pairs below. a. Such standards would preclude arms sales to states like Libya, which, for example, infer from sentence 1.a that "can- not buy arms legally(libya)", infer from sen- tence 1.b that "can buy arms legally(rwanda)", use our background knowledge in order to infer that "similar(libya

  3. 75IEEE Network November/December 2012 0890-8044/12/$25.00 2012 IEEE n December 2010, a wave of unrest shook the Arab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shavitt, Yuval

    , Libya, Yemen, and Syria [1]. This unrest, often referred to as the Arab Spring, the Arab Awakening findings regarding the state of the Internet in Egypt, Libya, and Syria. The three countries show different tightly monitoring its citizens' access to the Internet for years, and in Libya the status is somewhere

  4. Quick View Table 1: Enrollment by Degree or Program Type Intensive English (INTO OSU)1142 INTO OSU 1142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    Count 109 Kuwait Cultural Office56 Sultanate Of Oman Count84 Saudi Arabia ARAMCO31 Iran Count 77 Libyan

  5. Prof. Cauligi (Raghu) Raghavendra Vice Dean for Global Academic Initiatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Chongwu

    and Turkey DEN Opportunities: Kuwait Oil Company, Aviation Safety in IFEZ, Korea, PEMEX and UNAM in Mexico

  6. Italo calvino Les villes invisibles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    (Manifestations of Identity: The Lived Reality of Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon), Muhammad Ali Khalidi (Ed . . - - . . . .16 Karen Jacobsen :17

  7. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Yenikeyeff, Shamil (2008), Kazakhstans Gas: Export MarketsRussian Federation Libya Kazakhstan Nigeria Canada US Qatarconnecting Atasu in Northern Kazakhstan with Alashankou in

  8. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [March 14, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Libya, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, Austria, Federal Republic of Germany, and Finland.

  9. International Migration and Human Rights: The Global Repercussions of U.S. Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martnez, Samuel

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guinea, Guyana, Honduras, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Mali, Mexico,including Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan,ee to Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, where there are large

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - armed forces commission Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (MIT Collection: Engineering 58 U.N. Human Rights Council condemns Gaddafi's crackdown in Libya By Colum Lynch, 25 February 2011 Summary: Gaddafi's government for its bloody...

  11. The Search for Sustainable Legitimacy: Environmental Law and Bureaucracy in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Alex

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Libya, Egypt, Syria and elsewhere have kept issues of authoritarian legitimacy at the forefront in The practices of local government stability

  12. E-Print Network 3.0 - america country update Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Engineering, Center for Life Cycle Analysis Collection: Renewable Energy 27 Oil-rich Libya faces daunting challenges after Gadhafi's death, FAU scholars say Summary: 'CONNOR...

  13. P2JW323012-0-A01900-1--------XA AZ,EE,MW,NE,NY,SC,SW,WB,WE P2JW323012-0-A01900-1--------XA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    deterrence, to U.S. security and international stability. A nation that wishes to acquire nuclear weap administration, Libya renounced its nuclear program. In each case, these

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - andres paling ain Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ain Shams University, Egypt Jianqiang Sun... Omran Ahmed, Aljabal Alghrbi University, Libya Pierre Andre Menard, Ecole de technologie sup Source: Collection: Computer...

  15. 730 | 146 | 20% 102 | 16 | 16%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yener, Aylin

    % Algeria 2 | 0 | 0% Tunisia 11 | 0 | 0% Libya 2 | 0 | 0% Egypt 49 | 4 | 8% Iran 51|18|35% Gambia 3 | 0 | 0

  16. A9RB1B5.tmp

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    has since fallen because of new production outages. Intermittent supply outages in Libya will most likely persist as the country faces political instability and a deteriorated...

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria bangladesh cuba Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Guyana Philippines Bahrain Haiti Qatar Bangladesh India Russia Belarus... Republic of Libya Togo Congo, Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Cuba Madagascar Turkey Cyprus, northern part...

  18. Volume 131, Number 25 tech.mit.edu Friday, May 6, 2011 Oldest and Largest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mother! Send news information and tips to news@tech.mit.edu. IS SyRIA lIkE lIbyA? And does the global

  19. 23940 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 82 / Tuesday, April 29, 2014 / Notices Referrals from political organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Libya and Jordan, Tel: +20 2 2797­2298, Fax: +20 2 2797­2255, Ann.Bacher@trade.gov. Assad Barsoum

  20. OUTLINE OF DATA SOURCES, MAY 1933 LANDAREAS OCEAN AREAS SOURCES OF DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : French North Africa ERYP~ Libya Rio de Oro and Cape Juby Asia: China India and Burma Indo China A,B B

  1. Volume 131, Number 49 tech.mit.edu Tuesday, November 1, 2011 Oldest and Largest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obama got a great deal in Libya He should seek more bargains OPINION, p. 5 fRIDAy NIgHTS AT THE 'TUTE

  2. Pontificia Universidad Catlica de Chile Gas Natural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Catlica de Chile)

    60 70 80 90 100 Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Azerbaijan Iran Qatar Saudi Arabia Libya. Generacin solar -fotovoltaica, concentradores solares. Pelamis Energa Geotrmica -energa calrica

  3. Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radecsky, Kristen

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sellers ranging from petrol stations to street vendors whopump) Maai Mahiu Kobil Petrol Station Karagita KeroseneShop (pump) Karagita OiLibya Petrol Station Karagita Street

  4. Middle East & North Africa

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    West Bank and Gaza notes & data Yemen brief | data North Africa Algeria brief | data Egypt brief | data Libya brief | data Morocco notes & data Sudan and South Sudan brief |...

  5. United States, International Partners Remove Last Remaining Weapons...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    removed HEU under this effort are Austria, Chile, Czech Republic, Libya, Mexico, Romania, Serbia, Taiwan, Turkey, Ukraine, and Vietnam. To date, the Department has removed or...

  6. Essays on the politics of regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weymouth, Stephen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran Israel Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait KyrgyzHungary Tajikistan Romania Kazakhstan Senegal Czech RepublicBosnia and Herzegovina Kazakhstan Turkey Poland Belarus

  7. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guyana Indonesia Jordan Kazakhstan Kyrgyz Republic Laoof Iraq Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Macedonia, FYR MaldivesJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea Kuwait Kyrgyz

  8. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kuwait, Madagascar, Montenegro, Myanmar, Niger, Norway,Luxembourg Malta Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway PolandLuxembourg Malta Monaco 7 Montenegro Netherlands Norway

  9. arabian incense bakhour: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    monsoon Jensen, Tommy 103 This paper provides the first estimates of SGD to the Kuwait coastline in the Arabian Gulf. Seawater evaporation leads to density driven exchange...

  10. air museum regional: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the smallest influence of fossil Krakauer, Nir Y. 50 Daylighting systems for the Kuwait National Museum Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: Daylight in Museums...

  11. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  12. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New...

  13. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Italy Japan Kuwait Luxembourg Malta Netherlands NetherlandsMalaysia Maldives Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius MexicoMalaysia Maldives Mali Malta Mauritius Mexico Mongolia

  14. Field Experiments at McKinney Sub-Station and Wichita Falls Sub-Station with Wheat, Corn, Cotton, Grasses and Manures. Field Experiments at College Station with Corn, Cotton, Grasses, Peas and Manures.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connell, J. H.; Clayton, James

    1895-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cracken . . ............................... Smooth . . . . . . . . 17 .18 ..... . 206 White Frack .................................. do ......... Hi.29 .... .. 207 Lebanon ................................... Bearded ........ 23.55 3.43. 208 Bodine E., 0. K. West .... . ................. Smooth...

  15. NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MI Amtek - Lebanon, OR Farasis Energy Inc. - Hayward, CA and Ganzhou, China (This CX applies to the sub Amtek and its sub Farasis) OEPM Chris Johnson Advanced Polyolefin...

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - area lamar county Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OF UNDERGRADUATE ADMISSIONS Summary: .862.2881 NH North Country, Sullivan County (Lebanon, Claremont, etc), Concord area high schools Elisabeth... Senior Associate Director...

  17. Groundwater and Terrestrial Water Storage,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodell, M; Chambers, D P; Famiglietti, J S

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lebanon, Syria, western Kazakhstan, Armenia, Georgia, andthe south Caucasus and west Kazakhstan were dry. Armenia hadwere detected over Russia and Kazakhstan. The anomaly lasted

  18. Essays in Open Economy Monetary Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castro, Pedro

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Croatia Jordan Denmark Kazakhstan Dominican Republic EgyptJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Latvia Lebanon MauritiusEgypt India Jordan Kazakhstan Pakistan Russia Tunisia

  19. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, Dem. Rep.New Zealand Iceland Kazakhstan Korea, Dem. Rep. BulgariaChina Croatia Grenada Jamaica Kazakhstan Korea, Rep. Lebanon

  20. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan*, Latvia, Lebanon*,Italy V Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania LuxembourgItaly Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg

  1. `The Real Thing?' The Value of Authenticity and Replication for Investigation and Conservation Conference Programme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zaoyang

    's Mother(s) of God: One Strainer with two paintings found in the Convent of Mar Sassine in Lebanon Kerstin

  2. Washington State University INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Botswana 2 41 Lebanon 5 75 United Arab Emirates 1 8 Brazil 6 42 Lithuania 3 76 United Kingdom 9 9 Canada 50

  3. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Malaysia*, Mauritius, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Zealand,Rica, Ecuador, Lebanon, Mongolia, Nepal, Papua New GuineaMalta, Marshall Islands, Mongolia*, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal*,

  4. EA-1721: Final Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Johnson Controls, Inc. and ENTEK Electric Drive Vehicle Battery and Component Manufacturing Initiative Application Holland, Michigan, Lebanon, Oregon, and Milwaukee, Wisconsin

  5. Hohe Anteile an Windenergie im Energiemix der Zukunft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Netherlands Algeria Egypt Libya Romania Deutschland Ukraine Azerbaijan Kazhakstan Turkey Uzbekistanstan Great;Sources of Natural Gas 2010 1.000 km 2.000 km 3.000 km Norway Russia Netherlands Algeria Egypt Libya, Malin Head Savingsoffossilfuels[%] Wind energy production [% of demand] Gregor Giebel, Ris, 2007 #12

  6. SPRING 201134 GRAHAM E. FULLER I AHMED ZEWAIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    in the nation-states of Tunisia and Egypt to brutal repression in the tribal societies of Libya, Syria, Bahrain for revolutions is that of Yemen, Libya and others in the making. In these cases, unfortunately, tribal in the Middle East and the heart of the Arab world. Making sure Egypt succeeds is essential for the stability

  7. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALGERIA Universit d'Alger Benyoucef Benkhedda 13.12.2005 http://www.univ-alger.dz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    ://www.uonbi.ac.ke KENYA Maseno University 09/07/2012 http://maseno.ac.ke/index/ LIBYA University of Garyounis 07.07.2005 http://www.garyounis.edu LIBYA Al-Arab Medical University 20.05.2010 http://www.amu.edu.ly MADAGASCAR

  8. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 42, Nr 3, 413466 (2007) http://meteoritics.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connolly Jr, Harold C.

    ); moderate weathering. Type specimen: A total of 340 g is on deposit at EMRA. Libya Dar al Gani 1042 27°10.92N, 16°18.01E Dar al Gani region, Al Jufrah, Libya Find: 1999 Achondrite (lunar, feldspathic regolith

  9. Africa Aerosol Optical Depth Obtained From MISR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    OpticalDepth Central African Republic Chad Djibouti Egypt Ethiopia Libya Kenya Somalia Sudan Uganda #12;Southern Africa Ethiopia Libya Kenya Somalia Sudan Uganda #12;Southern Africa 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 Mean Seasonal

  10. Overview of the 2014 ALTA Shared Task: Identifying Expressions of Locations in Tweets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the US and UK in advising their nationals in Libya to leave immediately http://bbc.in/1rVmrDJ France, Germany, US, UK, Libya Dutch investigators not going to MH17 crash site in eastern Ukraine due to security

  11. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS ALGERIA Universit d'Alger Benyoucef Benkhedda 13.12.2005 http://www.univ-alger.dz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    ://www.jkuat.ac.ke KENYA University of Nairobi 20.06.2002 http://www.uonbi.ac.ke LIBYA University of Garyounis 07.07.2005 http://www.garyounis.edu LIBYA Al-Arab Medical University 20.05.2010 http://www.amu.edu.ly MADAGASCAR

  12. July 2011AMERICAN METEOROlOGICAl SOCIETy | 855 AFFILIATIONS: Mildrexler, Zhao, and running--Numerical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montana, University of

    place on Earth." Nine years later in El Azizia, Libya, an air temperature of 57.8°C (136°F) was recorded States to Libya. The 1922 air temperature measurement from El Azizia has never been surpassed. In reality

  13. Tuesday, March 14, 2006 POSTER SESSION I: LUNAR BASALTIC VOLCANISM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    Africa 003-A is a 124 g new lunar meteorite (low-Ti mare basalt) found in northern Libya in the wadi Zam lithology of a new, 124 g lunar meteorite Northeast Africa 003 found in northern Libya in the wadi Zam Zam

  14. Saudi Arabia Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

  15. Be Careful What You Wish For: Some thoughts on maximizing value from your simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    Petrochemical Company K.S.C JV: The Kuwait Olefins Company K.S.C. JV: The SCG-Dow Group JV: Sadara: EQUATE Petrochemical Company K.S.C JV: The SCG-Dow Group JV: The Kuwait Olefins Company K.S.C 7 #12

  16. Libyan oil industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waddams, F.C.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three aspects of the growth and progress of Libya's oil industry since the first crude oil discovery in 1961 are: (1) relations between the Libyan government and the concessionary oil companies; (2) the impact of Libyan oil and events in Libya on the petroleum markets of Europe and the world; and (3) the response of the Libyan economy to the development of its oil industry. The historical review begins with Libya's becoming a sovereign nation in 1951 and traces its subsequent development into a position as a leading world oil producer. 54 references, 10 figures, 55 tables.

  17. China's policy towards US adversaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swartz, Peter Goodings

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If the Chinese government is trying to reassure the US that China's rise is not threatening, why does China diplomatically support adversaries of the US such as Iran, Sudan, Libya, and Syria? This thesis shows that soft ...

  18. Butllet de la Societat Catalana d'Herpetologia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carranza, Salvador

    Western Europe west of the Rhine river and the British Isles. It spreads across the Balkans and Northern coastal Western Sahara through Morocco and Algeria to Western Libya, and into the Middle East

  19. Director, Smalley Nano & Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & Gas 14 World Oil Reserves Top Ten Owner Companies Venezuela 10% Abu Dhabi 7% Mexico 6% Libya 3 World Oil Reserves: Appro of Dallas Board of Councilors December 7, 1995 #12;#12;Oil will become scarce, and then gas

  20. Letters to ESEX High resolution transmission electron microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorn, Ron

    ), in south-eastern Libya (Haber- land, 1975), on gibbers (Jessup, 1960) and bedrock faces in Australia (Tratebas et al., 2004), and stone monuments (Paradise, 2005) and can act as an agent of rock art stability

  1. E-Print Network 3.0 - apulia southern italy Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    , bordered by southern Italy to the west and north, Greece to the east, and offshore Libya to the south... analysis of fault-controlled turbidite system in Bradano Trough,...

  2. Published: 21 May 2012 Egyptians Are Still Marching forward toward

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    . Unlike in nearby Syria or earlier in Libya, the Egyptian Army has, in my view, taken the high road-rich society have, in despair, yearned for the old stability. True, there are chaotic symptoms

  3. ERASURE OF FIRST-ORDER TRIBUTARIES VIA CLIMATE CHANGE: LESSONS FOR MARS FROM EARTH. Ted A. Maxwell, J.A. Grant, B.A. Campbell, R. Irwin III, M. Bourke and A. Johnston, Center for Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bourke, Mary C.

    infilling, landscape lowering and stabilization by development of a lag surface, and planation due to sand and Libya, and on the limestone plateau that separates the western Desert of Egypt with the Nile valley

  4. al embarazo reporte: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    seurauksiin, geenitutkimukseen ja (more) Ahvonen,Jukka 2006-01-01 57 Al-Qaeda in Libya: A Profile PREFACE CiteSeer Summary: This report attempts to assess al-Qaedas...

  5. Possible energy effects of a US ban on Libyan oil imports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peach, J.D.

    1982-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Under current slack market conditions, a ban on trade with Libya is not likely to have a major impact on US oil supplies or prices. Current US oil imports from Libya are small, and oil is readily available from other sources. Libya could experience a temporary loss of oil revenues until it found new customers. Tight market conditions - unlikely in 1982 - would maximize the potential adverse effects on the United States and minimize those on Libya. US oil companies - both those producing and refining Libyan oil - are more likely to feel the adverse effects of a trade ban than the United States as a whole. Although a ban would probably prevent direct imports of Libyan oil from entering the United States, some Libyan oil could still enter the country as products refined elsewhere.

  6. Africa; Expanding market creates more gas lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quarles, W.R.; Thiede, K.; Parent, L.

    1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors report on pipeline development activities in Africa. They discuss how a growing European market for gas has increased potential pipeline construction in Africa, especially for Algeria, Egypt, and Libya.

  7. Opportunities exist for the diversion of weapons-usable material at the front end of the fuel cycle, during which

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    , North Korea, Pakistan, and South Africa. (South Africa abandoned its nuclear weapons in 1991. Libya of setting up its own enrichment or spent-fuel treat- ment facilities is enormous. Countries with a new

  8. air study 1999-2001: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    hospital in Kuwait during a summer season to investigate the performance of WC and AC systems in terms of peak power and energy... Maheshwari, G. P.; Mulla Ali, A. A....

  9. Smart Operations of Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems in a Government Buildings for Peak Power Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Hadban, Y.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Al-Nakib, D.; Al-Mulla, A.; Alasseri, R.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the achievements of implementing smart operations strategies for air-conditioning (A/C) and lighting systems in Justice Palace Complex (JPC), Kuwait during the summer 2007. The peak load of this building was 3700 k...

  10. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    per day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq KuwaitEIA Table 1.2, OPEC Crude Oil Production (Excluding Lease2008, from EIA, Crude Oil Production. Figure 16. U.S.

  11. Improving the Water Efficiency of Cooling Production System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maheshwari, G.; Al-Hadban, Y.; Al-Taqi, H. H.; Alasseri, R.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For most of the time, cooling towers (CTs) of cooling systems operate under partial load conditions and by regulating the air circulation with a variable frequency drive (VFD), significant reduction in the fan power can be achieved. In Kuwait...

  12. University Health Center Name The University of Georgia UGA ID # 81

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissinger, Jessica

    incidence rates of > 20 cases per 100,000 population. University Health Center review Date Page 2 Republic Republic of Korea Nigeria Suriname Armenia Ecuador Kuwait Niue Swaziland Azerbaijan Egypt

  13. Cooling Tower Operation in the Hot and Humid Climates of Arid Zones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Bassam, E.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Sebzali, M.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the performance of the A/C system, increases the fan power and water consumption. The latter is of special concern to Kuwait and other countries in the region where the soft water is produced through seawater desalination....

  14. Use of Plant Toom Logbook Data to Establish Performance of a Cooling Production System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajiah, A. E.; Maheshwari, G. P.; ElSherbini, A. I.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and applies the same for an office building in Kuwait. Data collected between March and October 2004 were analyzed. Inadequate control of supply water temperature and low chiller loading were identified as the key parameters leading to inefficiency of cooling...

  15. Importance of Design Conditions for Sizing Air-Conditioning Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaban, N.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Suri, R. K.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Design conditions based on the meteorological data collected at two weather stations located less than 10 km away from each other within Kuwait City are presented for dry-bulb temperature (DBT) and web-bulb temperature (WBT) prioritization...

  16. arabian persian gulf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Myre, Peggy Lynne 2012-06-07 108 This paper provides the first estimates of SGD to the Kuwait coastline in the Arabian Gulf. Seawater evaporation leads to density driven exchange...

  17. Part of something larger than ourselves: George H.W. Bush and the rhetoric of the first U.S. war in the Persian Gulf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rangel, Nicolas , Jr.

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    in which he narrowly defined victory. Bush defined victory as the removal of Iraqi forces from Kuwait, in an attempt to shape a historical consensus on the significance of U.S. action....

  18. Energy Comparison Between Conventional and Chilled Water Thermal Storage Air Conditioning Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebzali, M.; Hussain, H. J.; Ameer, B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the summer of previous years, Kuwait faced a series of power shortages emphasizing the need for urgent commissioning of power generation projects. It is estimated that the demand for electricity is growing at an ...

  19. air conditioning installations: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    K. 2010-01-01 98 Implementation of Smart Operation Strategies for Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems for Ministries Complex in the State of Kuwait Texas A&M University -...

  20. Multi-Grain Clustering Topic Model (MGCTM)Motivation Evaluation of Document Clustering Integrating Document Clustering and Topic Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xing, Eric P.

    proportion Sample Bernoulli parameter For each word (l) (l) ( )Dir (g) (g) ( )Dir ( )Beta w Sample kuwait larson shuttle energy usr motif xterm henrik armenians jews mission dc apr Local topics of 3

  1. Working Group III contribution to the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report Climate Change 2007: Mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    Nationality CLA Fisher Brian S Australia CLA Nakicenovic Nebojsa Austria/Serbia and Montenegro LA Alfsen Knut Detlef P. Netherlands LA Warren Rachel UK RE Weyant John USA RE Babiker Mustafa Kuwait Chapter 4: Energy

  2. Out of antiquity : Umayyad baths in context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tohme, Lara G

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation explores the relationship between the art and architecture of the early Islamic period to those of pre-Islamic Bilad al-Sham (the region encompassing the modem-day countries of Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, ...

  3. Displacement, politics and governance : access to low-income housing in a Beirut suburb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bou Akar, Hiba

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lebanon witnessed large-scale phases of internal displacement during and after its civil war (1975-1990). This study analyzes access to low-income housing for a Lebanese Shiites group which has already experienced two ...

  4. A new family of Coreoidea from the Lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber (Hemiptera: Pentatomomorpha)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azar, Dany; Nel, André Engel, Michael S.; Garrouste, Romain; Matocq, Armand

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A new genus and species, Yuripopovina magnifica, belonging to a new coreoid family, Yuripopovinidae (Hemiptera: Pentatomomorpha), is described and illustrated from the Lower Cretaceous amber of Lebanon. The species represents the first definitive...

  5. Analyzing and improving throughput of Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems in personal computer manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heaps-Nelson, G. Thomas

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The content of this thesis draws heavily on work completed during a 6.5 month MIT Leaders for Manufacturing (LFM) internship at Dell Corporation's personal computer manufacturing facility in Lebanon, Tennessee (EG1) from ...

  6. U.S. State Department's TechWomen 2012 Visit Berkeley Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    TechWomen brought a total of 41 women working in the technology sector from Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, the Palestinian Territories, Tunisia and Yemen to the U.S....

  7. The tropics may be defined as the region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of1 Capricorn (i.e., within 23.5E N and S latitude), or according to ecozone, based on temperature,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & Herzegovina, Cambodia, Cuba, Iraq, Lebanon, and Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). 1 Prof. Jeffrey D. Sachs income levels to natural resources, energy in the cases of Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan, and diamonds

  8. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Licensed oil acreage in the 6 North Africa countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia) totaled 1,500,000 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1986, down 290,000 km/sup 2/ from 1985. About 50% of the relinquishments were in Libya. Most oil and gas discoveries were made in Egypt (16 oil and 2 gas). Several oil finds were reported in onshore Libya, and 1 was reported in Algeria in the southeastern Sahara. According to available statistics, development drilling decreased from 1985 levels, except in Tunisia. A 6.3% decline in oil production took place in 1986, falling below the 3 million bbl level (2,912,000 b/d). Only sparse data are released on the gas output in North Africa. 6 figures, 27 tables.

  9. Oil/gas separator for installation at burning wells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Alonso, Carol T. (Orinda, CA); Bender, Donald A. (Dublin, CA); Bowman, Barry R. (Livermore, CA); Burnham, Alan K. (Livermore, CA); Chesnut, Dwayne A. (Pleasanton, CA); Comfort, III, William J. (Livermore, CA); Guymon, Lloyd G. (Livermore, CA); Henning, Carl D. (Livermore, CA); Pedersen, Knud B. (Livermore, CA); Sefcik, Joseph A. (Tracy, CA); Smith, Joseph A. (Livermore, CA); Strauch, Mark S. (Livermore, CA)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An oil/gas separator is disclosed that can be utilized to return the burning wells in Kuwait to production. Advantageously, a crane is used to install the separator at a safe distance from the well. The gas from the well is burned off at the site, and the oil is immediately pumped into Kuwait's oil gathering system. Diverters inside the separator prevent the oil jet coming out of the well from reaching the top vents where the gas is burned. The oil falls back down, and is pumped from an annular oil catcher at the bottom of the separator, or from the concrete cellar surrounding the well.

  10. Oil/gas separator for installation at burning wells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Alonso, C.T.; Bender, D.A.; Bowman, B.R.; Burnham, A.K.; Chesnut, D.A.; Comfort, W.J. III; Guymon, L.G.; Henning, C.D.; Pedersen, K.B.; Sefcik, J.A.; Smith, J.A.; Strauch, M.S.

    1993-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    An oil/gas separator is disclosed that can be utilized to return the burning wells in Kuwait to production. Advantageously, a crane is used to install the separator at a safe distance from the well. The gas from the well is burned off at the site, and the oil is immediately pumped into Kuwait's oil gathering system. Diverters inside the separator prevent the oil jet coming out of the well from reaching the top vents where the gas is burned. The oil falls back down, and is pumped from an annular oil catcher at the bottom of the separator, or from the concrete cellar surrounding the well.

  11. "A human being is not a suit or a shoe!": the construction and performance of identity in personal narrative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bou-Saada, Ingrid Edmond

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Lebanese life, both in the past in Lebanon, as well as in the present in America, will thus be documented. The pedagogical nature of tradition will also be discussed as the role of teacher and guide to his children is an iiuportant role of my father... back to Lebanon since 1976, we are all curious about the country's resuscitation and hopeful of a return visit in the near future. Coming to America has been both a blessing and a challenge for our family, as 1 imagine it is for most refugee...

  12. Eutrophication potential of secondary and tertiary wastewater effluents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ivy, James Thomas

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hydroxi de or some other base. 8ecause of its low cost 1n some areas, waste pickle 11quor will probably be useful in some treatment systems. Alum has been used for phosphate removal in both the secondary (act1vated sludge) and tertiary processes.... In the secondary process, alum has reduced the effluent phosphorus concentration to 0 . 5 - 1. 0 mg/1. Tertiary alum treatment has been used at the FWOA ? Lebanon Pilot Plant, Lebanon, Oh1o (8). The pilot plant at Dallas, Texas, is investigating the use of 11...

  13. Mind Meld Issue 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    disaster in Chernoble, the attack on Libya and, of course, the Challenger explosion. The explosion of the Challenger touched me very deeply ??? somewhat akin to when John F. Kennedy was assassinated. So, rather than looking back, I'm hoping that the 20...

  14. Potential curbed by lack of funds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gustavson

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The author reviews the oil market in Africa. Some of the highlights are: Nigeria restructures NNPC to make it competitive, offers new terms; Libya redraws its concession terms in hopes of attracting more operators; New onshore finds may keep Gabon from becoming a producer in decline; and South Arica has struck what may be commercial oil south of Mossel Bay.

  15. Volume 90 / Number 75 / Tuesday, April 17, 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , liquids JV 2 South Korean auditor slams KNOC, Kogas 3 Kyushu Electric extends Australian NWS LNG deal 3 Japan 2012 LNG demand for power seen flat from 2011 3 Japan hikes oil imports from Libya, Africa 4 Sempra's Tangguh LNG cargoes headed for spot market 4 Europe, Middle East & Africa Wintershall makes

  16. Florida Atlantic University Division of Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    research involve activities related to the proliferation of nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons, Cuba, Cyprus, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Libya, N. Korea, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zaire (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Zimbabwe. Yes No Does

  17. GEOPHYSICAL METHODS In 2003, a group of scientists in Swit-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podladchikov, Yuri

    intriguing questions with implications for the way oil and gas reserves are discovered and produced. Research with an eye on oil and gas. The seismic industry systematically disregards seismic data below 10 Hz as noise with Petrobras in Brazil, Pemex in Mexico, Norsk Hydro in Libya and KOC in the Arabian Peninsula, it is evident

  18. Items Prohibited for Purchase January 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Items Prohibited for Purchase January 2012 Advertising/Public Relations Items Alcohol (ethyl SJEOW extension cord with power indicator light in the cord connector. Catalog Numbers: 01287 01288 Turnbuckles Wire rope (slings, clips [clamps]) Illegal supplies purchased through Cuba, Iran, Libya, North

  19. Solar Physics and Solar Eclipses Proceedings of an International Symposium held at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Science, Cairo University Cairo, Egypt IBRAHIM SALEH Faculty of Engineering, Al-Fateh University Tripoli Ricerche Solari Locarno (IRSOL) All rights reserved It is allowed to store electronically and to print out Energy in Libya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 IBRAHIM M. SALEH Computer Simulation

  20. Abdel Wahab M., El-Metwally M., Hassan R., Lefvre M., Oumbe A., Wald L., 2008. Assessing surface solar irradiance in Northern Africa desert climate and its long-term variations from Meteosat images. International

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    -Qubba, Cairo, Egypt. Mines ParisTech, Center for Energy and Processes, BP 207, 06904 Sophia Antipolis cedex under concern in this paper: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, is the prospect of energy production from and Meteorology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt Department of Physics, Faculty of Science

  1. Version 28Oct11a Revolution & War: Geopolitics of the Middle East and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Research-Group Blogs || || Current Affairs Links Posted by Prof. || Algeria| Tunisia | Libya | Egypt://www.mei.edu/Publications/WebPublications.aspx 2) Middle East web maps http://www.mideastweb.org/maps.htm 3) Energy and Geopolitical Risk at http://www.iea.org/ Especially the World Energy Outlook (WEO) 10) CIA Country Briefs at http

  2. U.S. NAVYPROGRAM GUIDE 2014 The U.S. Navy and Marine Corps team is the world's preeminent maritime force

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    global stability that underpins our country's economic vitality, and building trust and confidence with provocative North Korean actions. We patrolled off the shores of Syria,Libya,Egypt,Somalia,and Sudan aircraft carriers in the North Arabian Sea into Afghanistan, and arrayed our forces to enhance stability

  3. Seismic Evidence for Water Deep in Earth's Upper Mantle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Lee, Suzan

    into wadsleyite rather than oli- vine, it stabilizes wadsleyite over a wider range of pressures and temperatures perovskite, thereby extending its stability phase (8). Moreover, recent studies indicate that the phase and Libya (18). Subduction was ubiquitous after 80 Ma. At present, active subduction zones are found

  4. 1988 saw major efforts to spur foreign interest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, G.D. (Gustavson Associates, Inc., Boulder, CO (USA))

    1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article discusses how Africa's large producers are offering incentives to attract exploration. Egypt is pushing new gas development, while Nigeria announced reduced taxes to lure foreign operators. Gabon has rejuvenated its production with discovery of a large new oil field. Libya is offering liberal concession terms, though the status of U.S. firms is uncertain.

  5. Efforts to spur foreign interest are paying off

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that new incentives implemented by the continent's major producers succeeded in attracting outside capital. Examples are the record number of new PSCs signed by Egypt last year, the $470 million committed for Algerian exploration and the speedy replacement of U.S. firms by Europeans in Libya.

  6. Published: 25 April 2011 Fund Egypt's Future to Save the Arab Uprising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zewail, Ahmed

    1 Published: 25 April 2011 Fund Egypt's Future to Save the Arab Uprising Op-Ed by Ahmed H. Zewail. The Egyptians brought down the head of the system, but not the system itself. That is the challenge now. Egypt between them, Egypt is united. In contrast, the second model for revolutions is that of Yemen, Libya

  7. Holocene freshwater carbonate structures in the hyper-arid Gebel Uweinat region of the Sahara Desert (Southwestern Egypt) q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Desert (Southwestern Egypt) q Margarita M. Marinova a,b , A. Nele Meckler c , Christopher P. McKay b region of the Sahara Desert, near the triple border of Egypt, Sudan, and Libya (N22, E25), re- ceives- ibrated years BP; Wendorf and expedition, 1977). While some parts of southwest Egypt have been extensively

  8. Smart Operations of Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems in Government Buildings for Peak Power Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Hadban, Y.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Al-Nakib, D.; Al-Mulla, A.; Alasseri, R.

    During the summer 2007 smart operation strategies for air-conditioning (A/C) and lighting systems were developed and tested in a number of governmental buildings in Kuwait as one of the solutions to reduce the national peak demand for electrical...

  9. Ocean Sci., 2, 2741, 2006 www.ocean-sci.net/2/27/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of United Arab Emirates is a major driver of this baroclinic circulation. 1 Introduction The Persian Gulf bordering the Per- sian Gulf are the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait and Iraq (Emery, 1956). Extensive shallow regions, United Arab Emirates

  10. Building Load Simulation and Validation of an Office Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alghimlas, F.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) and daily occupancy seven and a half hours between 0730 and 1500 from Saturday to Wednesday. The simulation period was set to be from January 1 until December 31. A typical meteorological year (TMY) was used for the coastal areas of Kuwait. The results...

  11. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina Angola Armenia Bolivia Benin Azerbaijan Senegal Syria Seychelles Taiwan (Republic of China) Sierra Leone Tajikistan Somalia Thailand South Africa Kazakhstan Guinea Korea (North) Guinea-Bissau Korea (South) Kenya Kuwait Lesotho Kyrgyzstan Liberia Lao PDR

  12. Comparative Study Between Air-Cooled and Water-Cooled Condensers of the Air-Conditioning Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maheshwari, G. P.; Mulla Ali, A. A.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The weather in Kuwait is very dry where the dry-bulb temperature exceeds the wet-bulb temperature more than 20oC in most of the summer months. Thus, the air-conditioning (A/C) system with the water-cooled (WC) condensers is expected to perform more...

  13. Testing and Evaluation of a Power Factor Correction for Power-Savings Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alotaibi, A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was then reduced from 13.9 to 3.0 kVAR (kilo volts amps reactive), the apparent power was decreased from 17.5 to 11.0 kVA (kilo volts amps). and the current was reduced from 23.4 to 14.5 amps. The Ministry of Electricity & Water (MEW) in Kuwait is expected...

  14. Management of Power Demand through Operations of Building Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ElSherbini, A. I.; Maheshwari, G.; Al-Naqib, D.; Al-Mulla, A.

    In hot summers, the demand for electrical power is dominated by the requirements of the air-conditioning and lighting systems. Such systems account for more than 80% of the peak electrical demand in Kuwait. A study was conducted to explore...

  15. Glenda Romn Geographic Mapping Technologies, Corp.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    #12;Manejo de Recursos Naturales Mining Tracks Brazil Diamond Mining Africa Oil & Gas Reserves U.S. Wells & Pipelines Mexico Oil & Gas Leases Gulf of Mexico Well Production Canada Petroleum Resources Kuwait Forest Inventory Lithuania Forest Types India Oil Production Russia Offshore Brazil #12;Evaluacin

  16. Petrochemical industry in the Middle East: current status, uncertainties, global impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The situation and perspective of the petrochemical industry in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, IR Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, the UAE, SP Libyan AJ, Algeria, and Egypt are reviewed. Special attention is given to the budgetary constraints, foreign partners, the costs, the markets, and the impact of falling oil prices.

  17. Conceptual Framework for the Use of Fish Parasites as Bioindicators of Acute and Chronic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kane, Andrew S.

    Environmental Perturbation After the 2010 Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico 1Auburn University: Yucatan, Gulf of Mexico- exploratory oil well Ixtoc explodes, sinks (10.8, 5%) March 24th, 1989: Prince: Gulf of Mexico- oil tanker Megaborg fire (378, 189%) January 21st, 1991: Kuwait- Gulf War I, Iraqi

  18. Comparative Study Between Air-Cooled and Water-Cooled Condensers of the Air-Conditioning Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maheshwari, G. P.; Mulla Ali, A. A.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The weather in Kuwait is very dry where the dry-bulb temperature exceeds the wet-bulb temperature more than 20oC in most of the summer months. Thus, the air-conditioning (A/C) system with the water-cooled (WC) condensers is expected to perform more...

  19. Dlivr par l'UNIVERSIT PAUL VALERY MONTPELLIER 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    for the didactics of "interculturation" Discourses about inter-societal relationship in textbooks for French as a foreign / second language (Greece, Lebanon, Morocco) In the field of second language and culture didactics didactic theories and classroom practices. Cross-cultural approaches presently need the identification

  20. acting in the South with the South

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    At the mid-point of the contract of objectives 11 A proven quality and sustainable development policy IRD C O AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT POLICY 2013 IRD IRD IRD #12;6 IRD - ANNUAL REPORT 2013 ECUADOR MARTINIQUE FRENCH Argentina Gabon Uganda Ethiopia Lebanon Nepal Cambodia East Timor Vanuatu India Seychelles Comoro Islands

  1. Travel Expands Collecting in the Middle East

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of a library system integrating cataloging, acquisitions, and circu- lation functions. Many conversations specialized and automated library, produced a similar result. Traveling to the city of Qom in the south on to Lebanon, I established a gift and exchange program with the Associate Librarian at the American University

  2. The State and Outcomes of Higher Education in the Arab World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for: Jordan: 28 B$ Lebanon: 42 B$ Expenditure on Research & Development: Country Spending on RD Papers. 4. Expenditure on Research & Development. 5. Arab participation in the European Programs. 6. of Scientific Papers: (1998-2007) #12;#12;4. Expenditure on Research & Development: #12;The Arab World

  3. Trafficking, Rents, and Diaspora in the Lebanese War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    2 Trafficking, Rents, and Diaspora in the Lebanese War Elizabeth Picard 23 Economics against Culture: A Lebanese Controversy The civil war in Lebanon took place between 1975 and 1990, nearly a quar remain divided between two schools of analysis. Some see the Lebanese civil war as a portent of the "war

  4. TIES Project is co-financed by the European Commission on the framework of the TEMPUS Programme. Contract: 159218-TEMPUS-1-2009-1-ES-TEMPUS-JPGR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TIES Project is co-financed by the European Commission on the framework of the TEMPUS Programme BUILDING VIRJINIA FERRER Hotel Coral Hamra Lebanon Beirut, 19th 20th April 2012 #12;TIES Project is co Project is co-financed by the European Commission on the framework of the TEMPUS Programme. Contract

  5. PRIORITY POLLUTANTS IN URBAN STORMWATER:1 PART 2 -CASE OF COMBINED SEWERS2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Quality Standards in receiving waters and moreover31 indicates a significant risk for PAHs, tributyltin. Lebanese Center for Water Management and Conservation / United Nations Development9 Programme (UNDP), Ministry of Energy and Water, Corniche du fleuve, Beirut (Lebanon).10 4. SIAAP, Direction du Développement

  6. International Relations Office Beirut Arab University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - Introduction II- Responsibilities of IRO at BAU (in Details) #12;The International Strategy and Action Plan Energy Commission- Lebanon- Signed in 2010 12- Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie (AUF)- Ecole International and Local Institutions: 1- Association of Arab Universities (AARU); (1964) 2- International

  7. For Immediate Release Regional conference at AUB to issue policy recommendations for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    and a 20.5 percent CO2 emission reduction per car per year." The study entitled "Economic Impacts to developing a hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV) market in Lebanon and to achieve the consequent emission of accidents, carbon emissions, while also touching on health implications. Their paper also provided linkages

  8. Rockefeller Center at Dartmouth College Policy Research Shop The Center for Public Policy and the Social Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lotko, William

    and the Social Sciences Westboro Rail Yard Brownfield in Lebanon, New Hampshire Remediation and Redevelopment potentially come from either state or federal grants and loans designated specifically for brownfields cleanup to brownfield sites. 1. SITE DESCRIPTION The Tidewater Oil site in question is the northernmost one-acre portion

  9. IEA Heat Pump Conference 2011, 16 -19 May 2011, Tokyo, Japan DYNAMIC MODELING OF AN AIR SOURCE HEAT PUMP WATER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    SOURCE HEAT PUMP WATER HEATER Farouk Fardoun, Associate Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering of an air source heat pump water heater (ASHPWH). The mathematical model consists of submodels of the basic countries such as Lebanon, electric water heaters are often used to generate hot water. Electric water

  10. Principles of petroleum legislation: The case of a developing country

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Qasem, A.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book analyses the development of Petroleum Law in Libya, which enacted legislation over a period of years to cover all aspects of exploration and exploitation of Libya's oil. It gives an account of the stages through which the legislation passed and surveys the practical issues which influenced its development. Contents include: Part 1 General Provisions: 1 Ownership of Petroleum; 2 Administration; 3 Petroleum Zones; 4 Eligibility. Part 2 Exploration Permits: 5 Permits under the Minerals Law and; under the Petroleum Law. Part 3 The Concession: 6 Application and Grant; 7 Working Obligations; 8 Rights under Concessions; 9 Surrender, Assignment, and Termination; 10 Settlement of Disputes. Part 4 Financial Provisions: 11 Fees and Surface Rents; 12 The Royalty; 13 Taxation; 14 Posted Price; 15 Income; 16 Profits; 17 Payment and Measurement of Petroleum; Part 5 Libyanisation of the Industry: 18 Process of Libyanisation.

  11. Africa planned gas lines will meet future demand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The burgeoning European market for natural gas is expected to create major gas line construction. The potential for North Africa looks particularly promising in 1991. Italy's ENI has proposed a 6,000-km (3,728-mi) gas network in North Africa to connect gas-rich Libya and Algeria with Morocco and Mauritania, making large volumes available to the European market. According to the proposal, a gas line would run from the Sirte Basin in Libya west to Mauritania. Extending the line eastward through Egypt and on to the Arabian Peninsula would provide export access. In this paper initial studies are examine reserve projections for the next 20 years, then based on results, a transmission/distribution network will be designed, including an offshore gathering system.

  12. The North Korean missile program: How advanced is it?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, D.; Kadyshev, T.

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the past three years there have been increasing numbers of reports that North Korea is developing a 1,000-1,300-kilometer range missile generally referred to as the NoDongg-1. Pyongyang`s missile program has generated international concern because of North Korea`s potential nuclear capabilities, its proximity to South Korea and Japan and its reported missile sales to Iran, Syria and Libya. In June 1993, Japanese and South Korean wire services reported that North Korea had test fired several missiles into the Sea of Japan in late May, at least two of which were though to be NoDong-1 missiles. A missile with a 1,300-kilometer range would give North Korea the capability to reach all of Japan, and give Iran and Libya the capability to reach all of Israel.

  13. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,839,817 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1985, a decrease of 3% from the 1,896,446 km/sup 2/ held at the end of 1984. This decrease mainly is due to significant relinquishments made in Algeria, Egypt, and Tunisia. Morocco, however, had an increase of 18,087 km/sup 2/. Oil discoveries were reported in Algeria (possibly 5), Libya (at least 2), and Egypt (16). Only 1 gas find was made (in Morocco). According to sparse information, development drilling may have decreased markedly during 1985. Oil and condensate production increased by 3.1% to approximately 3,054,000 b/d compared to about 2,963,400 b/d in 1984. No statistics are currently available on gas production in North Africa. 8 figures, 27 tables.

  14. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  15. Chad: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on Mango 1, which is an exploration well started in September 1990 on a block adjacent to Lake Chad by Esso, Chevron and Shell was suspended after the coup in that nation's capital later in the year. The small Sedigi oil field, discovered in the 70s, will be developed with a pipeline to a 3,000-bpd refinery. Improved relations with Libya and future internal stability may further open the door to exploration.

  16. JPRS report proliferation issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1991-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa, Namibia; (2) China; (3) South Korea, Australia, Indonesia, Japan, Philippines; (4) Yugoslavia; (5) Brazil, Argentina, Cuba; (6) India, Libya, Pakistan; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) France, Germany, Netherlands.

  17. JPRS report proliferation issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1991-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa; (2) China; (3) North and South Korea, Japan; (4) Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia; (5) Argentina, Brazil; (6) India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, Libya, Iraq, Egypt; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France.

  18. A Preliminary Look at the Crust and Upper Mantle of North Africa Using Libyan Seismic Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasyanos, M

    2005-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, LLNL has been developing methods to jointly invert both surface wave dispersion data and teleseismic receiver functions. The technique holds great promise in accurately estimating seismic structure, including important tectonic parameters such as basin thickness, crustal thickness, upper mantle velocity, etc. We proposed applying this method to some recently available data from several Libyan stations, as we believe the technique has not been applied to any stations in Libya. The technique holds the promise of improving our understanding of the crust and upper mantle in Libya and North Africa. We recently requested seismic data from stations GHAR (Gharyan) and MARJ (Al Marj) in Libya for about 20 events. The events were large events at regional distances suitable for making dispersion measurements. An example of waveforms recorded at the two stations from an earthquake in Italy is shown in Figure 1. The paths traverse the Ionian Sea. Notice the slow short period group velocities of the surface waves across the Mediterranean, particularly to the easternmost station MARJ. However, because of data availability, signal-to-noise ratio, etc. we were unable to make measurements for every one of these events at both stations. Figure 2 shows a map of paths for 20 sec Rayleigh waves in the eastern Mediterranean region. Paths measured at the two Libyan stations are shown in green. Rayleigh wave dispersion measurements at 20 sec period are sensitive to velocities in the upper 20 km or so, and reveal sediment thickness, crustal velocity, and crustal thickness. Tomographic inversions reveal the sharp group velocity contrast between regions with deep sedimentary basins and those without. Figure 3, the result of an inversion made before adding the new dispersion measurements, shows slow group velocities in the Black Sea, Adriatic Sea, and Eastern Mediterranean. In general, these features correspond well with the sediment thickness model from Laske, shown in Figure 4. Details in and around the Sirt (Sirte) Basin in northern Libya, however, are poorly defined.

  19. Search for possible solar neutrino radiative decays during total solar eclipses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Cecchini; D. Centomo; G. Giacomelli; R. Giacomelli; V. Popa

    2006-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Total solar eclipses (TSEs) offer a good opportunity to look for photons produced in possible radiative decays of solar neutrinos. In this paper we briefly review the physics bases of such searches as well as the existing limits on the neutrino proper lifetimes obtained by such experiments. We the report on the observations performed in occasion of the 29 March 2006 TSE, from Waw an Namos, Libya.

  20. Nuclear winter from gulf war discounted

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marshall, E.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Would a major conflagration in Kuwait's oil fields trigger a climate catastrophe akin to the 'nuclear winter' that got so much attention in the 1980s This question prompted a variety of opinions. The British Meteorological Office and researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory concluded that the effect of smoke from major oil fires in Kuwait on global temperatures is likely to be small; however, the obscuration of sunlight might significantly reduce surface temperatures locally. Michael MacCracken, leader of the researchers at Livermore, predicts that the worst plausible oil fires in the Gulf would produce a cloud of pollution about as severe as that found on a bad day at the Los Angeles airport. The results of some mathematical modeling by the Livermore research group are reported.

  1. Legal improvements brighten North Africa production outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    North Africa`s three main oil producing countries soon will reap benefits of past moves by their governments to encourage investment by international companies. Production of crude oil and natural gas in Algeria, Egypt, and Libya is ready to increase from suppressed levels of the recent past, says International Energy Agency, Paris. The gains are possible despite political risks, total reserves accounting for only 4% of the world`s crude reserves, and oil prices well below levels of the 1980s, when the countries` flow rates peaked. The reason: producing oil in North Africa is profitable. In a recent study entitled North Africa Oil and Gas, IEA attributes the bright production outlook to improvements that the countries` governments have made in the past decade to hydrocarbon laws and the fiscal terms they offer international investors. According to announced plans, the three countries` combined capacity to produce crude oil will rise 18% by the year 2000 to 3.65 million b/d, and a further gain of 700,000 b/d is possible. IEA expects production capacity for natural gas to increase 50% from its 1995 level by 2000 to a combined 139.4 billion cu m/year. This paper discusses production capacities, Algeria`s record, improvements in Egypt, and Libya`s changes.

  2. North African petroleum geology: regional structure and stratigraphic overview of a hydrocarbon-rich cratonic area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Connor, T.E.; Kanes, W.H.

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    North Africa, including Sinai, contains some of the most important hydrocarbon-producing basins in the world. The North African Symposium is devoted to examining the exploration potential of the North African margin in light of the most recent and promising exploration discoveries. The geologic variety of the region is extraordinary and can challenge any exploration philosophy. Of primary interest are the Sirte basin of Libya, which has produced several billion barrels of oil, and the Gulf of Suez, a narrow, evaporite-capped trough with five fields that will produce more than 5 billion bbl. Both are extensional basins with minimal lateral movement and with good source rocks in direct proximity to reservoirs. Structural models of these basins give firm leads for future exploration. More difficult to evaluate are the Tethyan realm basins of the northern Sinai, and the Western Desert of Egypt, the Cyrenaican Platform of Libya, and the Tunisia-Sicily shelf area, where there are only limited subsurface data. These basins are extensional in origin also, but have been influenced by lateral tectonics. Favorable reservoirs exist, but source rocks have been a problem locally. Structural models with strong stratigraphic response offer several favorable play concepts. The Paleozoic Ghadames basin in Libya, Tunisia, and Algeria has the least complex structural history, and production appears to be limited to small structures. A series of stratigraphic models indicates additional areas with exploration potential. The Paleozoic megabasin of Morocco, with its downfaulted Triassic grabens, remains an untested but attractive area.

  3. Black Gold Rush in the Near East: A Century of Oil Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooley, Chelsea

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    came to realize the importance of Saudi oil for US success at war. These combined factors prompted the President to create the Petroleum Reserve Corporation (PRC) in 1942 to acquire petroleum, petroleum products, and petroleum reserves outside... and production. That same year, Aramco established Gulf Operations Ltd to manage governmental petroleum interests in the Offshore Neutral Zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Aramcos success and ties to the US did not help to negate the fact that 15...

  4. A Methodology For Calculating Integrated NOx Emissions Reductions from Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Programs Across State Agencies in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar, J. C.; Mukopadhyay. J; Marshall, K.; Gilman, D.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Montgomery, C.; McKelvy, K.; Reid, V.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Analysis of Texas Code Adoption Analysis: Lighting Requirment, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), U.S.D.O.E., Washington, D.C. Bryant, J., Degelman, L., Turner, D. 2004. ?Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions... of Texas Code Adoption Analysis: Lighting Requirment, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), U.S.D.O.E., Washington, D.C. ESL-IC-10-10-58 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26...

  5. Coping with Change: Understanding Transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    KYRGYZSTAN TAJIKISTAN UZBEKISTAN K A Z A K H S T A N A F G H A N I S TA N PAKISTAN I R A N C H I N A T U R K M E N I S T A N R U S S I A UZBEKISTAN K A Z A K H S T A N KYRGYZSTAN TAJIKISTAN AZERBAIJAN KUWAIT, if not millennia, large parts of contemporary Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan were home

  6. JPRS report: Arms control, [November 3, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1989-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains translations/transcriptions of articles and/or broadcasts on arms control. Titles include: 5-Power Defense Arrangement Exercise Opens; Paper Sees Growing Danger of Nuclear War; 3rd Round of Conventional Forces Talk; General Notes Inadequate Discipline in Army; Arianespace Assures Liquid Fuel Technology; King Hussain Warns of Nuclear Threat in Region; Kuwait Defense Minister on Weapons Development, GCC; Commentary on Change in NATO Count of Combat Aircraft; and others.

  7. The effects of petroleum residues and the associated degrading bacteria on the development and survival of the larvae of Penaeus aztecus ives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clary, John Curtis

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Penaeus setiferus to petroleum hydrocarbons, specifically, south Louisiana crude oil, Kuwait crude oil, 1)2 fuel oil and Venezuelan Bunker C oil. The water soluble fractions of the refined products were more toxic to the crustaceans than were the water... to the grass shrimp Palaemonetes ~u io than did refined petroleum products. Larval stages were more susceptible to the oils than were postlarvae or adults. Young (77) investigated the effects of naphthalene and phenanthrene on the grass shrimp Palaemonetes...

  8. The George Bush Presidential Library Center at Texas A&M University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frink, Julia Susan

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    , the fight for freedom?s continuance in the Middle East with the Kuwait and Iraq conflict caused by a holocaustic dictator, the enforcement of the economic source lines of communication flow for the oil industry, the recognition of China as an economic... was the focal point. The purpose was to describe the global significance, work and educational contributions of the Bush Presidential Library while exploring its partnership with Texas A&M University. The primary data sources were: archival records, museum...

  9. Deciphering the Global: Its Spaces, Scales and Subjects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sassen, Saskia

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . For instance, Hizbollah in Lebanon can be seen as having shaped a very specific assemblage of territory, authority, and rights, that cannot be easily reduced to any of the familiar containers nation-state, internal minority-controlled region... that is often what academics wind up doing. My notion of entering the public domain is, in the last analysis, about the political in a very broad sense. there is a whole parallel world where a growing number of academics are involved in constructing...

  10. AFBC co-firing of coal and hospital waste. Quarterly progress report, February 1, 1995--April 30, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stuart, J.M.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The project objective is to design, construct, install, provide operator training and start-up a circulating fluidized bed combustion system at the Lebanon Pennsylvania Veteran`s Affairs Medical Center. This unit will co-fire coal and hospital waste providing inexpensive and efficient destruction of both general and infectious hospital waste and steam generation. The steam generated is as follows: (1) Steam = 20,000 lb/hr, (2) Temperature = 353 F (saturated), (3) Pressure = 125 psig, and (4) Steam quality ={approximately}98.5%. On February 3, 1995 DONLEE notified Lebanon VA and DOE-METC that additional funding would be required to complete the project. This funding, in the amount of $1,140,127, is needed to complete the facility, start-up and shakedown the facility, perform the test program and write the final report. On March 7, 1995 the vendors were notified that the Lebanon VA Steam Plant Project was shut down and that all work outside DONLEE was stopped pending obtaining additional funding.

  11. Geological history of the west Libyan offshore and adjoining regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benniran, M.M.; Taleb, T.M.; McCrossan, R.G.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The continental margin of the African plate north of Libya is separated from the Saharan platform to the south by a major Variscan fault system running along the coastline. The structural evolution of three sedimentary basins within the margin is discussed. The Jeffara basin, onshore western Libya-southern Tunisia, formed as a right-lateral pull-part late in the Variscan event. When the strike-slip motion ceased in the Late Permian, the basin continued to subside thermally. The Sabratah (Tripolitanian) basin, offshore western Libya-southern Tunisia, and the Benghazi basin in the Sirte rise were both formed as left-lateral pull-aparts in the Late Triassic-Early Jurassic. From the Middle Jurassic to the present they have subsided thermally. Onshore the lower Mesozoic is characterized by continental and nearshore clastics, separated by an evaporite sequence of Late Triassic-Early Jurassic age. Offshore this sequence is thought to grade northward into open marine carbonates. Uplift along the edge of the Saharan platform during the Early Cretaceous sourced coarse clastics, which grade northward into a thick sequence of shallow-water carbonates. Throughout the Late Cretaceous and early Tertiary, high-energy carbonates were deposited around the flanks of the Sabratah basin, grading into deeper-water, fine-grained clastics and carbonates toward the center of the basin. The late Tertiary succession is dominated by clastics derived from the growing Tellian Atlas to the northwest. During the Mesozoic and Tertiary a thick sequence of carbonates was deposited on the Pelagian platform to the north of the Sabratah basin. Periodically the platform was exposed subaerially.

  12. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984. An increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North America ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries. 9 figures, 27 tables.

  13. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.Ch.

    1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984, an increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North Africa ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was up 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries.

  14. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  15. Supplement 19, Part 7, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Hosts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Judith H.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Crawley, Lila R.; Kirby, Margie D.; Washington, Ethel M.

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -Timoth?e, ?., 1968 a San Juan Island, Washington Lom, J.j and Corliss, J. 0., 1968 a San Juan Island, Washington Fahmy, M.A.M.; Mikhail, J. W.j and McConnell, E., [1968 bj Egypt Johnson, P. T., I960 ? Tripolitania, Libya Sinai Governorate, Egypt Maa, T. C....A.M.; Mikhail, J.W.j and McConnell, ?., [I968 a] Egypt Acomys cahirinus Rodentolepis negevi n. sp. Mathevotaenia rodentinum Tetrathyridium [sp.] Hymenolepis diminuta Pseudandrya monardi Greenberg, Z., 1969 a Negev, Israel It Negev and Jerusalem J...

  16. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

    1995-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  17. King Hassan II: Morocco's Messenger of Peace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cross, Megan

    2007-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    , peace is not the first thought that comes to mind. Since the creation of the state of Israel in 1948, Arabs and Israelis have been struggling to co-exist peacefully. If policy makers are aiming at stability in the broader Middle East, it is crucial..., was the protection of the Moroccan throne. 1 In addition to Israel, he created and maintained relations with various countries to create a more balanced Maghreb, (the Arabic name for the area consisting of Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia and sometimes Libya) 2...

  18. The development of early terrestrial ecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selden, Paul A.; Edwards, Dianne

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ,575-599. Burgess, N.D. & Edwards, D. (1991). Classification of uppermost Ordovician to Lower Devonian tubular and filamentous macerals from the Anglo-Welsh Basin. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 106,41-66. Campbell, S.E. (1979). Soil stabilization...., Massa, D. & Boucot A J . (1982). Caradocian land plant microfossils from Libya. Geology 10.197-201. Gray, J., Theron, J.N. & Boucot, A J . (1986). Age of the Cedarberg Formation, South Africa and early land plant evolution. Geological Magazine 123...

  19. Africa's natural gas: potentialities and letdowns

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baladian, K.

    1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although Africa has experienced 10 times less hydrocarbon exploration than Western Europe, its proved gas reserves already amount to 220-223 trillion CF or 7% of world reserves, while Europe holds 6% or 167 TCF. Yet Africa marketed only 1.3 TCF in 1982 against Europe's 6.5 TCF. Because of the lack of domestic demand for gas, Africa flares up to 21% of its gas output. Algeria is the continent's primary gas consumer, with Egypt, Libya, and Nigeria trying to expand local gas markets. The vast majority of marketed African gas goes to Europe, either as gas sent through the Trans-Med pipeline or as LNG via tanker.

  20. EOR projects in differing technical and economic environments: an overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chierici, G.L.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The attitude of the oil industry toward the implementation of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) projects depends on technical, economic, and strategic constraints which vary from country to country. Three geographic areas are emphasized where most of the current EOR projects are being performed: the U.S., the European Economic Community, and the COMECON countries. EOR projects also are under way in other oil countries of the Americas (Canada, Venezuela, Mexico, Trinidad, Brazil, Columbia, and Chile), as well as in North Africa (Algeria, Libya) and Indonesia.

  1. OPEC production: Capital limitations, environmental movements may interfere with expansion plans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))

    1994-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Obtaining capital is a critical element in the production expansion plans of OPEC member countries. Another issue that may impact the plans is the environmental taxes that may reduce the call on OPEC oil by 5 million b/d in 2000 and about 16 million b/d in the year 2010. This concluding part of a two-part series discusses the expansion possibilities of non-Middle East OPEC members, OPEC's capital requirements, and environmental concerns. Non-Middle East OPEC includes Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Libya, Nigeria, and Venezuela.

  2. Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

  3. Transient analysis for the tajoura critical facility with IRT-2M HEU fuel and IRT-4M leu fuel : ANL independent verification results.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garner, P. L.; Hanan, N. A.

    2005-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Calculations have been performed for postulated transients in the Critical Facility at the Tajoura Nuclear Research Center (TNRC) in Libya. These calculations have been performed at the request of staff of the Renewable Energy and Water Desalinization Research Center (REWDRC) who are performing similar calculations. The transients considered were established during a working meeting between ANL and REWDRC staff on October 1-2, 2005 and subsequent email correspondence. Calculations were performed for the current high-enriched uranium (HEU) core and the proposed low-enriched uranium (LEU) core. These calculations have been performed independently from those being performed by REWDRC and serve as one step in the verification process.

  4. Tibetan Medicine Compared with Ancient and Mediaeval Western Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winder, Marianne

    In the Indo-Tibetan humoral system diseases are divided in to hot aod cold ones, and diseases are cured by a contrary remedy, that is, hot diseases by cold remedies and vice versa. For instance, Vagbhata says in his Ashtanghrdayasamhita : J 8) According... . : 'An these people of Libya from Egypt to Lake Tritonis are nomads who live on meat and milk. Cow's flesh they will not tast~, for the same reason as the Egyptians, nor will they keep pigs. Even the women of Cyrene think it wrong to eat cows, because...

  5. Fi in Gulf Pidgin Arabic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potsdam, Eric; Alanazi, Mohammad

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    albaqala GA fii(h) pen. M.PL in the.grocery There are pens in the grocery. We propose that fi is a copula verb in GPA and has a function similar to be in English, building on proposals in Smart 1990, Nss 2008, and Bakir 2010...: Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, and nearby areas (Lewis, Simons, Fennig 2013). Smart 1990, Nss 2008, and Bakir 2010 further discuss the sociolinguistic situation of GPA. The syntax of GPA has been little studied in the linguistic...

  6. Impact of Thermally Insulated Floors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alghimlas, F.; Omar, E. A.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MODELLING INPUT The simulation period was set to be from January 1 until December 31. Typical meteorological year (TMY) was used for the coastal areas of Kuwait. The data were provided by KISR weather station at latitude of 29.3?C and longitude of 47....9?C [3]. Table 3 presents the TMY data in terms of monthly values of the significant weather parameters used within the simulation program. SIMULATION RESULTS AND ANALYSIS Private Villa The simulations were performed on four cases using...

  7. Stability versus Sustainability: Energy Policy in the Gulf Monarchies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krane, Jim

    2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    , domestic burning of crude oil, diesel, and heavy fuel oil is already reducing exportsandstateincome.Fuelconsumptioninpowergenerationwasequivalentto12%of thecountrysoilproductionin2010.Thisfigureisexpectedtoriseto21... 755%ofSaudipowerwasderivedfromliquidfuel?basedgeneration,aswas71%inKuwaitand18%in Oman,where(asinSaudiArabia)dieselgenerationprovideselectricityinareasbeyondtransmissiongrids (IEA2011). 8Unconventionalgas...

  8. Energy Modeling of a High Performance Building in the U.A.E. for Sustainability Certification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, M.; Ledinger, S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    curve - Total building demand 00:00 06:00 12:00 18:00 00:000 100 200 300 400 500 600 Electrical power [kW ] Interior Lighting Exterior Lighting Space Heating Space Cooling Pumps Heat Rejection Interior Fans Parking Garage Fans... some of the demand by the concrete core activation network. ESL-IC-10-10-05 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 0.4 kg/s 35.3 C 12.4 g/kg 27.8 kW 0.4 kg...

  9. Suburbs offset Low Carbon Footprint of major U.S. Cities | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of Kuwait Ministry of

  10. Sudwind Energy GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of Kuwait Ministry

  11. Sunset Energietechnik GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of Kuwait MinistrySunset

  12. Sunset Reservoir Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of Kuwait

  13. Super Wind Project Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuper Wind Project

  14. Superwind GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuper Wind

  15. Sur de Renovables | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuper WindSur de

  16. Surface Power Technologies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuper WindSur

  17. Suzhou Red Maple Wind Blade Mould Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuper WindSurBlade

  18. Suzlon Energia Eolica do Brazil Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuper

  19. Suzlon Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuperEnergy Ltd.

  20. Suzlon Energy Tianjin Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuperEnergy

  1. Suzlon Structures Pvt Ltd SSPL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuperEnergySSPL

  2. KvH Projekt GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii9969995°,I Jump to:Kumagai Gumi CoKuwaitKvH

  3. Kwikpower International | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts andKunshan Henghui NewKuwait

  4. Kyocera Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts andKunshan Henghui NewKuwaitKyocera

  5. Electromagnetic scattering from grassland Part II: Measurement and modeling results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stiles, James Marion; Ulaby, F. T.; Sarabandi, K.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -InvestigatoronmanyprojectssponsoredbyNASA,JPL,ARO,ONR,ARL, and GM all related in one way or the other to microwave and millimeter wave radar remote sensing. He has published many book chapters and more than 80 papers in refereed journals on electromagnetic scattering, random media modeling, microwave measurement...LecturerAwardfromtheGerman Federal Ministry for Education, Science, and Technology. FawwazT.Ulaby(M68SM74F80)receivedthe B.S.degreeinphysicsfromtheAmericanUniversity of Beirut, Lebanon, in 1964, and the M.S.E.E. and Ph.D.degreesinelectricalengineeringfromtheUni- versity...

  6. A new Cambrian arthropod, Emeraldella brutoni, from Utah

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stein, Martin; Church, Stephen B.; Robison, Richard A.

    2011-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    and comput- ers. Palaeontologia Electronica 3:114. Brett, C. E., P. A. Allison, M. K. DeSantis, W. D. Liddell, & A. Kramer. 2009. Sequence stratigraphy, cyclic facies, and lagersttten in the Middle Cambrian Wheeler and Marjum Formations, Great Basin... of southern Germany and Lebanon. Palaeontologia Electronica 12:12 p. Hintze, L. F., & R. A. Robison. 1975. Middle Cambrian stratigraphy of the House, Wah Wah, and adjacent ranges in western Utah. Geological Society of America Bulletin 86:881891. Hou X., & J...

  7. AFBC co-firing of coal and hospital waste: Quarterly report, 1 May 1996-31 July, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stuart, J.M.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The project objective is to design, construct, install, provide operator training and start-up a circulating fluidized bed combustion system at the Lebanon Pennsylvania Veteran`s Affairs Medical Center. This unit will co-fire coal and hospital waste providing lower cost steam for heating and possibly cooling (absorption chiller) and operation of a steam turbine-generator for limited power generation while providing efficient destruction of both general and infectious hospital waste. This quarterly report describes activities completed in the design, procure, install and start-up phase.

  8. AFBC co-firing of coal and hospital waste. Quarterly progress report, August 1--October 31, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The project objective is to design, construct, install, provide operator training and start-up a circulating fluidized bed combustion system at the Lebanon Pennsylvania Veteran`s Affairs Medical Center. This unit will co-fire coal and hospital waste providing lower cost steam for heating and possibly cooling (absorption chiller) and operation of a steam turbine-generator for limited power generation while providing efficient destruction of both general and infectious hospital waste. The steam generated as follows: (1) Steam = 20,000 lb/hr, (2) Temperature = 353 F (saturated), (3) Pressure = 125 psig, and (4) Steam quality = {approximately}98.5%.

  9. Mount Morris, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville,Missoula,MontereyHill, California:Morse,WaveLebanon,

  10. Mount Morris, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville,Missoula,MontereyHill, California:Morse,WaveLebanon,York: Energy

  11. Mount Oliver, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville,Missoula,MontereyHill, California:Morse,WaveLebanon,York: EnergyOliver,

  12. Mount Pleasant, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville,Missoula,MontereyHill, California:Morse,WaveLebanon,York:

  13. Mount Princeton Area Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville,Missoula,MontereyHill, California:Morse,WaveLebanon,York:Open Energy

  14. Mount Princeton Hot Springs Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville,Missoula,MontereyHill, California:Morse,WaveLebanon,York:Open Energy|

  15. Mount Prospect, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville,Missoula,MontereyHill, California:Morse,WaveLebanon,York:Open

  16. Mount Repose, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville,Missoula,MontereyHill, California:Morse,WaveLebanon,York:OpenRepose,

  17. Maps of crude oil futures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masters, C.D.

    1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Crude Oil Futures presentation shows their concept of the quantity of oil possibly present (the combination of conventional demonstrated reserves plus undiscovered recoverable resources) within the areas outlined. The Crude Oil Futures is not as an exploration map but as a perspective on the distribution of world oil. The occurrence of oil is, after all, a function of particular geologic factors that are not everywhere present. Furthermore, large amounts of oil can occur only where the several necessary independent variables (geologic factors) combine optimally. In the Western Hemisphere, similar minimal crude oil futures are shown for North America and South America. This similarity is a reflection not of similar geology but rather of the fact that most of the oil has already been produced from North America, whereas South America as a whole (except for Venezuela) possesses a geology less likely to produce oil. In Europe, Africa, and Asia, four regions are dominant: the Middle East, Libya, North Sea, and west Siberia. Paleogeography and source rock distribution were keys to this distribution - the Middle East and Libya reflecting the Tethyan association, and the North Sea and west Siberia benefitting from the Late Jurassic marine transgression into geographic environments where ocean circulation was restricted by tectonic events.

  18. Cyrenaican platform: structure, stratigraphy, and exploration play concepts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ross, C.M.; Zegaar, M.N.

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The structural and stratigraphic history of the Cyrenaican platform of eastern Libya is closely related to that of both the Sirte basin and the Western Desert of Egypt. At the end of the Paleozoic Hercynian orogeny, this area comprised the eastern end of the Sirte arch, the precursor of the Sirte basin. When the arch collapsed in the mid-Cretaceous, initiating the Sirte basin, the Cyrenaican area remained relatively high. A northwest-southeast trending high, the Gabboub arch, formed on the platform in the early Mesozoic, dividing the region into three areas: the high itself, a deep on the southwestern flank related to the Sirte basin, and a deep on the northeastern flank, which plunges into the offshore and appears to relate to the downwarped offshore area of the Western Desert of Egypt. Sediments of every age, except Triassic, are found in Cyrenaica. Paleozoic sediments are composed primarily of quartzitic sandstones and shales with lesser amounts of limestone, dolomites, and anhydrites. Mesozoic sediments are a mixture of clastics and carbonates. Cenozoic sediments are predominantly limestones, dolomites, and anhydrites with some sandstones and shales. Environments of deposition range from continental to deep marine. The Cyrenaican area has not been heavily explored and, until recently, no commercial hydrocarbons were found. Drilling on surface structures of some of the first wells in Libya resulted in one Devonian gas well. A reported 5600 BOPD Cretaceous discovery offshore Benghazi in mid-1984 demonstrates that hydrocarbon potential exists where thick sediments have been preserved.

  19. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. (BHP Petroleum, Melbourne, Victoria (Australia))

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  20. Agricultural development in a petroleum-based economy: the Libyan case

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Faedy, M.A.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to identify major factors explaining variations in agricultural development in an agricultural settlement in Libya. The study differs from previous research because it dealt with a capital-surplus country with low-population density. In addition, most studies reported earlier were cross-sectional. This study also had access to longitudinal data. Results indicated that age and personal adjustment are the only two variables that have statistically significant effects on farm productivity. The effects of education, household size, and of the adoption of innovations were low and insignificant. Moreover, the overall fit of the model was not satisfactory. In order to improve the predictions, a new model was suggested which included utilization of technology, farm resources, family assistance, farmer's age, and level of education. The results from this revised model indicated that in addition to age, utilization of technology and farm resources also have positive and statistically significant effects on productivity. The implications of these findings are discussed within the context of Libya being a capital-surplus country without having population problems.

  1. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicod, M.A.

    1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum rights in the 6 countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered by this paper amounted to 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1983, an 11% decrease from the 2,044,851 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1982. This decrease is mostly due to relinquishments in Sudan. Onshore seismic activity decreased in all countries except Sudan, where it slightly increased. Marine seismic activity increased by 85%, mostly due to significant efforts in Morocco and Egypt. Exploration drilling activity increased with 179 wildcats completed in 1983 compared to 166 in 1982. The success rate was 44.7% compared to 36% in 1982. No discoveries were made in Morocco. No new hydrocarbon province was discovered in 1983. Development drilling sharply increased in Egypt and remained at about the same levels in the other countries as in 1982. In Sudan, Chevron started in late September the first development drilling operations in Unity field. Oil production, with a daily average of 2,872,000 bbl, was at the same level as in 1982. In Egypt, 7 new fields went on-stream in the Gulf of Suez, 2 in the Western Desert, and 1 in the Eastern Desert. One field was put on-stream in Libya and 4 in Tunisia. Utilized gas production probably remained at the same level as in 1982 (2000 mmcf/day). 9 figures, 28 tables.

  2. North African geology: exploration matrix for potential major hydrocarbon discoveries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kanes, W.H.; O'Connor, T.E.

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on results and models presented previously, it is possible to consider an exploration matrix that examines the 5 basic exploration parameters: source, reservoir, timing, structure, and seal. This matrix indicates that even those basins that have had marginal exploration successes, including the Paleozoic megabasin and downfaulted Triassic grabens of Morocco, the Cyrenaican platform of Libya, and the Tunisia-Sicily shelf, have untested plays. The exploration matrix also suggests these high-risk areas could change significantly, if one of the 5 basic matrix parameters is upgraded or if adjustments in political or financial risk are made. The Sirte basin and the Gulf of Suez, 2 of the more intensely explored areas, also present attractive matrix prospects, particularly with deeper Nubian beds or with the very shallow Tertiary sections. The Ghadames basin of Libya and Tunisia shows some potential, but its evaluation responds strongly to stratigraphic and external nongeologic matrix variations based on degree of risk exposure to be assumed. Of greatest risk in the matrix are the very deep Moroccan Paleozoic clastic plays and the Jurassic of Sinai. However, recent discoveries may upgrade these untested frontier areas. Based on the matrix generated by the data presented at a North African Petroleum Geology symposium, significant hydrocarbon accumulations are yet to be found. The remaining questions are: where in the matrix does each individual company wish to place its exploration capital and how much should be the risk exposure.

  3. Reproductive, morphological, and phytochemical responses of Arabidopsis thaliana ecotypes to enhanced UV-B radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trumbull, V.L.; McCloud, E.S.; Paige, K.N. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States))

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two ecotypes of Arabidopsis thaliana, collected from Libya and Norway, were grown in the greenhouse under. UV-B doses of 0 and 10.5 kJ m[sup [minus]2] UV-B[sub BE]. The high UV-B dose simulated midsummer ambient conditions over Libya and a 40% reduction in stratospheric ozone over Norway. The Libyan ectotype, which originated from latitudes where solar UV-B is high, showed no UV-B induced damage to plant growth. However the Norwegian ecotype, which originated from latitudes where solar UV-B is low, showed a significant reduction in plant height, inflorescence weight, and rosette weight in response to enhanced UV-B. Although fruit and seed number for both ecotypes were unaffected by enhanced UV-B radiation the germination success of the seeds harvested from the irradiated Norwegian plants were significantly reduced. The two ecotypes also differed with respect to their accumulation of kaempferol, a putative UV-B protective filter. The Libyan ecotype increased kaempferol concentration by 38% over the 0 kJ treatment whereas the Norwegian ecotype increased by only 15%. These data suggest that, for these ecotypes, variation in UV-B sensitivity may be explained by the differential induction of UV-absorbing leaf pigments.

  4. Atmospheric fluidized-bed combustion (AFBC) co-firing of coal and hospital waste. Environmental Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The proposed project involves co-firing of coal and medical waste (including infectious medical waste) in an atmospheric fluidized-bed combustor (AFBC) to safely dispose of medical waste and produce steam for hospital needs. Combustion at the design temperature and residence time (duration) in the AFBC has been proven to render infectious medical waste free of disease producing organisms. The project would be located at the Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Center in Lebanon, Pennsylvania. The estimated cost of the proposed AFBC facility is nearly $4 million. It would be jointly funded by DOE, Veterans Affairs, and Donlee Technologies, Inc., of York, Pennsylvania, under a cooperative agreement between DOE and Donlee. Under the terms of this agreement, $3.708 million in cost-shared financial assistance would be jointly provided by DOE and the Veterans Affairs (50/50), with $278,000 provided by Donlee. The purposes of the proposed project are to: (1) provide the VA Medical Center and the Good Samaritan Hospital (GSH), also of Lebanon, Pennsylvania, with a solution for disposal of their medical waste; and (2) demonstrate that a new coal-burning technology can safely incinerate infectious medical waste, produce steam to meet hospital needs, and comply with environmental regulations.

  5. AFBC co-firing of coal and hospital waste. Quarterly progress report, May 1--July 31, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stuart, J.M.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The project objective is to design, construct, install, provide operator training and start-up a circulating fluidized bed combustion system at the Lebanon, Pennsylvania Veteran`s Affairs Medical Center. This unit will co-fire coal and hospital waste providing lower cost steam for heating and possibly cooling (absorption chiller) and operation of a steam turbine-generator for limited power generation. This would permit full capacity operation of the FBC year round in spite of the VA laundry that was shut down as well as efficient destruction of both general and infectious hospital waste and steam generation. On February 3, 1995 Donlee notified Lebanon VA and DOE-METC that additional funding would be required to complete the project. This funding, in the amount of $1,140,127, is needed to complete the facility, start-up and shakedown the facility, perform the test program and write the final report. After review DOE-METC approved funding in the amount of $1,246,019 to be available August 1, 1995. This report describes each task of the project and its status.

  6. SPECIAL SEMINAR - The NOTTE experiment, or how to become a Total Solar Eclipse chaser

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The NOTTE experiment (Neutrino Oscillations with Telescope during Total Eclipse) aims at searching for visible photons emitted through a possible radiative decay of solar neutrinos. The experiment and the expeditions organized by a group of physicists and astrophysicists from INFN and INAF Bologna hunting for Total Solar Eclipses from 1998 to 2006 wil be described. The results of observations performed during total solar eclipse expeditions in 2001 (Zambia) and 2006 (Sahara desert, Libya) are presented and a beautiful photo gallery will be shown. Other peculiar observations that can be made during a solar eclipse are also illustrated. The seminar will be followed by a brief presentation of future camps for solar eclipse chasers and scientists organized in 2008 in Russia, Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia, in 2009 in Shanghai and on the Easter Island in 2010.

  7. SPECIAL SEMINAR - The NOTTE experiment, or how to become a Total Solar Eclipse chaser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2011-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The NOTTE experiment (Neutrino Oscillations with Telescope during Total Eclipse) aims at searching for visible photons emitted through a possible radiative decay of solar neutrinos. The experiment and the expeditions organized by a group of physicists and astrophysicists from INFN and INAF Bologna hunting for Total Solar Eclipses from 1998 to 2006 wil be described. The results of observations performed during total solar eclipse expeditions in 2001 (Zambia) and 2006 (Sahara desert, Libya) are presented and a beautiful photo gallery will be shown. Other peculiar observations that can be made during a solar eclipse are also illustrated. The seminar will be followed by a brief presentation of future camps for solar eclipse chasers and scientists organized in 2008 in Russia, Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia, in 2009 in Shanghai and on the Easter Island in 2010.

  8. Effect of the Brazilian arms industry on US strategy. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kahne, S.D.

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brazil's arms manufacturing capability has made great strides in the international market in the past 25 years. Thus far, the U.S. has only taken action to try and limit Brazil and their actions regarding their arms exports. This was done once because of human rights violations called out by the Carter Administration and once because of sales made by Brazilian defense firms to destabilizing countries such as Iraq, Libya, and Iran. The U.S. should see the Brazilian arms industries could provide a sharing of overhead costs and technologies. This could reduce overall unit prices for two countries' major weapon systems and help promote greater hemispheric stability. Brazil has announced they are open to this. It is up to the U.S. to seize the opportunity.

  9. Combating terrorism - a response in kind. Student essay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lum, T.

    1987-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Outside of armed conflicts representing nations with forces in uniforms, another kind of war has emerged waged by terrorists. For the past twenty years terrorists have waged war against nations for a variety of reasons. No rules of war govern their conduct nor do they observe any. Methods of combatting terrorism vary from nation to nation. Few nations agree totally on how to combat this form of lawlessness. This essay examines one approach and suggests another. President Reagan's ultimate decision to bomb Libya is examined through a discussion of the events, repercussions of these events, and world opinion of these events that preceded his decision. A harsher, more-controlled and personal approach to combatting terrorism is suggested and discussed.

  10. Africa: It's good news, bad news - again

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article presents the outlook for African petroleum. Observations include: Nigerian oil revenues will be $6-7 billion this year, down 50% from '84; Egyptian drillers are still going strong in the Western Desert and Gulf of Suez; Algeria is looking for natural gas buyers, and they have plenty of gas to sell-cheap; Even with new petroleum legislation, Tunisian production and reserves are falling; Libya's bozo leader is feeling the effects of falling oil revenues and falling bombs; Angola continues as a hot spot of activity with 42 successful oil strikes last year; Crude production jumped 29% in Cameroun last year with three new fields onstream; Congo is another West African winner due to major commitments by Elf and Agip.

  11. Feasibility study Part I - Thermal hydraulic analysis of LEU target for {sup 99}Mo production in Tajoura reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bsebsu, F.M.; Abotweirat, F. [Reactor Department, Renewable Energies and Water Desalination Research Cente, P.O. Box 30878 Tajoura, Tripoli (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)], E-mail: Bsebso@yahoo.com, E-mail: abutweirat@yahoo.com; Elwaer, S. [Radiochemistry Department, Renewable Energies and Water Desalination Research Cente, P.O. Box 30878 Tajoura, Tripoli (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)], E-mail: samiwer@yahoo.com

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Renewable Energies and Water Desalination Research Center (REWDRC), Libya, will implement the technology for {sup 99}Mo isotope production using LEU foil target, to obtain new revenue streams for the Tajoura nuclear research reactor and desiring to serve the Libyan hospitals by providing the medical radioisotopes. Design information is presented for LEU target with irradiation device and irradiation Beryllium (Be) unit in the Tajoura reactor core. Calculated results for the reactor core with LEU target at different level of power are presented for steady state and several reactivity induced accident situations. This paper will present the steady state thermal hydraulic design and transient analysis of Tajoura reactor was loaded with LEU foil target for {sup 99}Mo production. The results of these calculations show that the reactor with LEU target during the several cases of transient are in safe and no problems will occur. (author)

  12. Oil and gas developments in north Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Popescu, B.M.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recovery of international petroleum activity in 1987 was reflected slightly in the 6 North Africa countries covered in this report (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia). Licensed area increased marginally to about 2,594,000 km/sup 2/ (up 0.5% from 1986), whereas surface exploration and drilling decreased significantly (about 30% and 20%, respectively, from 1986 levels). The two OPEC-member countries adhered to imposed quotas, recording somewhat lower production levels in 1987 than in 1986; however, total production of the North Africa countries increased to 3,025,000 BOPD (up 2% from 1986) as Egypt recorded all-time highs for both liquids and natural gas production. 7 figs., 29 tabs.

  13. The over 20 year operating experience with carbon steel tubings at Abu Attifel Field. Problems and solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheldi, T. [ENI-AGIP Div., Milan (Italy); Rumash, K. [AGIP Oil, Tripoli (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya); Bazzoni, B. [Cescor srl, Milan (Italy)

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abu Attifel onshore oil field (Libya) was discovered in 1968 and put in production in November 1972. The total average production is nowadays about 140,000 BOPD (22,260 m{sup 3}/d) with 46 producing wells. All the production wells were originally completed with carbon steel tubing, although the produced fluids contain CO{sub 2}-4% in the gas phase. After several years of production with minor downhole corrosion problems, several corrosion failures started to occur in the nineties at extremely high corrosion rate. In some cases corrosion attacks occurred although the water cut was negligible (lower than 1%). A detailed corrosion study was initiated to investigate the problem in order to identify the most critical production wells and the priority of intervention for well; this paper reports the corrosion assessment results and the actions undertaken to control the corrosion. A occurred corrosion events is also reported.

  14. Pressure test data reveal reservoir barriers/faults

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hurd, J.D.

    1984-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A review of transient pressure test data from an oil reservoir in Libya indicated not only the suspected fault barriers, but also the non-sealing portions of the faults. Extensive seismic data indicated much faulting, and directional trends had been interpreted to be generally northwest-southeast. The reservoir is a heterogeneous dolomite with average permeability of 40 to 50 md and contains neither natural fractures not stratification. Vertical displacement (throw) of each fault block is indicated to be within the range of the dolomite thickness, i.e., 40 to 180 ft. Therefore, when the fault throw is greater than reservoir thickness there is sealing, and when the throw is less than reservoir thickness the faults are non-sealing.

  15. Well performance graph simplifies field calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Ghetto, G.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphic Methods are widely employed in order to understand overall well behavior using only surface parameters. The authors propose a new graphic method, used successfully by Agip for oil and gas wells in Italy, Libya, Nigeria and Tunisia. The well performance graph helps solve many production problems, including estimation of: inflow performance relationship; causes of rate decline throughout well life; and production rate and bottomhole flowing pressure for various pressures upstream of the surface choke, and vice-versa. This method differs from others by using flow behavior through the choke for both critical and subcritical conditions. Equations describing flow through the formation, string and surface choke are also used. Results are quite reliable when these theoretical equations are calibrated with field data, either from the well concerned or from nearby wells producing the same fluid. This article describes the technique as it applies to oil wells. The methodology for gas wells is similar.

  16. North Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicod, M.A.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The total area covered by petroleum rights in the six countries described in this paper increased by more than 17% in 1980 compared to 1979. Joint venture agreements were finalized for 19 blocks over 94,000 km/sup 2/ in the Algerian venture. Although official information is scarce for Algeria and Libya, seismic activity probably increased in 1980 compared to 1979. Exploration drilling activity increased with 121 wildcats drilled compared to 93 during the previous year. This effort led to 40 discoveries, a 34.5% success ratio. Chevron was especially successful in wildcatting, with 6 oil discoveries for 8 wells drilled in the interior basins of Sudan. One Moroccan discovery can be considered as a highlight: the BRPM Meskala 101 well in the Essaouira basin found an apparently large amount of gas in Triassic sandstones. This discovery deserves special attention, since the gas has been found in Triassic pays rather than in the usual Jurassic pays in the Essaouira basin. Oil production in North Africa decreased from about 13.5% in 1980, with about 3,405,000 barrels of oil per day compared to 3,939,500 barrels of oil per day in 1979. When oil output strongly decreased in Algeria (-16.4%) and Libya (-15.6%), Tunisian production peaked at 116,287 barrels of oil per day and Egypt production also peaked at 584,148 barrels of oil per day. Total gas production in 1980 strongly declined from 44%, mostly due to the decline of the Algerian gas production. 8 figures, 40 tables.

  17. Similarities in the Paleozoic successions of north Africa and Arabia and implications for petroleum exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark-Lowes, D.D. (Scott Pickford and Associates Ltd., Surrey (England))

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From field studies in southwest Libya and northwest Saudi Arabia, the facies of the Paleozoic succession of the north African/Arabian stable cratonic margin of Gondwanaland are interpreted as fluvial, estuarine, deltaic, shallow marine, and glacial deposits. The facies of the Saq and Tabuk Formations of Saudi Arabia bear witness to a sedimentary history that is very similar to that of north Africa, the Saq Formation (Cambrian-Arenig) being equivalent to the Hassaouna Formation of Libya and the Tabuk Formation being subdivided and correlated using well-dated shale members to the following formations: Haouaz (Llanvirn-Llandeilo), Melez-Chograne (Caradoc), Memouniat (Ashgill), Tanezzuft/Acacus (Llandovery-Ludlow), and Tadrart (Gedinnian -Emsian). The Cambrian-Ordovician succession comprises Nubian-type fluvial and estuarine sandstones which pass up to regressive deltaic/shallow marine sequences overlain by Upper Ordovician glacial deposits that lie in deeply incised paleovalleys recorded from Saudi Arabia and north Africa. The Silurian succession comprises the deposits of a postglacial marine transgression of vast lateral extent and a subsequent regression, the sandstones of which are markedly diachronous. The Lower Devonian succession comprises fining-upward retrogradational deltaic (transgressive) sequences of Nubian-type sandstones (fluvial to shallow marine) which form widespread blanket sandstone bodies. The prospectivity of these strata is well known from Algeria in the west to Jordan in the east, the Llandoverian oil-prone source rocks providing the key to Cambrian-Ordovician and Lower Devonian plays. The significance of underlying paleovalley-fill fluvioglacial sandstones as linear reservoir targets has yet to be fully appreciated.

  18. Geology and petroleum resources of north-central and northeast Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, J.A.

    1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In north-central and northeast Africa, important petroleum accumulations exist in the Sirte basin of Libya, the western Sahara region of Algeria, the Pelagian platform offshore from eastern Tunisia, and in the Western Desert basin, Suez graben, and Nile delta in Egypt. Approximately 55 major fields (> 100 million BOE), of which 15 are giants (> 1 billion BOE), have been found in these provinces. Total estimated ultimate production from existing fields in 60 billion bbl of oil and 100 tcf of gas; estimated undiscovered petroleum resources are 26 billion bbl of oil and 93 tcf of gas. The post-Precambrian sedimentary basins of north Africa are related to the development of the Sahara platform during at least four main tectonic episodes (the Caledonian, Hercynian, Laramide, and Alpine cycles). The sedimentary cover of the platform, which includes rocks of all geologic systems, ranges from less than 1000 m (3300 ft) in the south to more than 9000 m (30,000 ft) along the Mediterranean coast. Paleozoic rocks are primarily continental and nearshore marine sandstone and shale, which are important reservoir and source rocks for petroleum in the central and western parts of the Sahara platform. Lower Mesozoic rocks were deposited in a continental and restricted marine environment, and contain thick beds of red beds and evaporites, including salt, which are important seals for oil and gas fields. Upper Mesozoic and Tertiary rocks are related to the development of the Mediterranean Tethys geosyncline and are characterized by numerous transgressive-regressive cycles of the Tethyan seaway. Marine carbonate and shale facies are dominant in the Upper Jurassic, Cretaceous, and lower Tertiary section of northern Libya, eastern Tunisia-Pelagian platform, and northern Egypt. Upper Tertiary beds are continental clastics on most of the platform, except near the Mediterranean.

  19. Latest Jurassic-early Cretaceous regressive facies, northeast Africa craton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    van Houten, F.B.

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nonmarine to paralic detrital deposits accumulated in six large basins between Algeria and the Arabo-Nubian shield during major regression in latest Jurassic and Early Cretaceous time. The Ghadames Sirte (north-central Libya), and Northern (Egypt) basins lay along the cratonic margin of northeastern Africa. The Murzuk, Kufra, and Southern (Egypt) basins lay in the south within the craton. Data for reconstructing distribution, facies, and thickness of relevant sequences are adequate for the three northern basins only. High detrital influx near the end of Jurassic time and in mid-Cretaceous time produced regressive nubian facies composed largely of low-sinuosity stream and fahdelta deposits. In the west and southwest the Ghadames, Murzuk, and Kufra basins were filled with a few hundred meters of detritus after long-continued earlier Mesozoic aggradation. In northern Egypt the regressive sequence succeeded earlier Mesozoic marine sedimentation; in the Sirte and Southern basins correlative deposits accumulated on Precambrian and Variscan terranes after earlier Mesozoic uplift and erosion. Waning of detrital influx into southern Tunisia and adjacent Libya in the west and into Israel in the east initiated an Albian to early Cenomanian transgression of Tethys. By late Cenomanian time it had flooded the entire cratonic margin, and spread southward into the Murzuk and Southern basins, as well as onto the Arabo-Nubian shield. Latest Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous, mid-Cretaceous, and Late Cretaceous transgressions across northeastern Africa recorded in these sequences may reflect worldwide eustatic sea-level rises. In contrast, renewed large supply of detritus during each regression and a comparable subsidence history of intracratonic and marginal basins imply regional tectonic control. 6 figures.

  20. Saudi Aramco describes crisis oil flow hike

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    On Aug. 2, 1990, Iraqi forces invaded Kuwait and triggered one of the most severe crises in the world's oil supplies since World War II. Within a few days of the invasion, Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports were embargoed, and almost 4.6 million b/d oil of production was removed from world markets. This shortfall amounted to about 20% of total Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries production at the time and could have proven disastrous to the world's industrial and financial well-being. However, there was no disruption to the major economies of the world. This paper reports that the primary reason for the cushioning of this impact was the massive expansion in production undertaken by Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco).

  1. New constraints in absorptive capacity and the optimum rate of petroleum output

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mallakh, R

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economic policy in four oil-producing countries is analyzed within a framework that combines a qualitative assessment of the policy-making process with an empirical formulation based on historical and current trends in these countries. The concept of absorptive capacity is used to analyze the optimum rates of petroleum production in Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. A control solution with an econometric model is developed which is then modified for alternative development strategies based on analysis of factors influencing production decisions. The study shows the consistencies and inconsistencies between the goals of economic growth, oil production, and exports, and the constraints on economic development. Simulation experiments incorporated a number of the constraints on absorptive capacity. Impact of other constraints such as income distribution and political stability is considered qualitatively. (DLC)

  2. Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a ``Mini Nuclear Winter`` as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

  3. Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a Mini Nuclear Winter'' as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

  4. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report, July 1--September 30, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage development program for 750 million barrels was completed this quarter. The final 2.3 million barrels of new gross cavern volume was developed at Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw during the quarter. The Department's competitive Invitation for Bids (IFB) for the sale of the Sulphur Mines facility as an operating petroleum storage site elicited no bids. The IFB was received by 85 firms. Discussions with the General Services Administration (GSA) regarding the transfer of the property to GSA will be initiated in the next quarter. There were no crude oil deliveries to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve during the calendar quarter ending September 30, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of September 30, 1991, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve inventory was 568.5 million barrels. (VC)

  5. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report, July 1--September 30, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage development program for 750 million barrels was completed this quarter. The final 2.3 million barrels of new gross cavern volume was developed at Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw during the quarter. The Department`s competitive Invitation for Bids (IFB) for the sale of the Sulphur Mines facility as an operating petroleum storage site elicited no bids. The IFB was received by 85 firms. Discussions with the General Services Administration (GSA) regarding the transfer of the property to GSA will be initiated in the next quarter. There were no crude oil deliveries to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve during the calendar quarter ending September 30, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of September 30, 1991, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve inventory was 568.5 million barrels. (VC)

  6. AFBC co-firing of coal and hospital waste. Quarterly report, February - April, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stuart, J.M.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The project objective is to design, construct, install provide operator training and start-up a circulating fluidized bed combustion system at the Lebanon Pennsylvania Veteran`s Affairs Medical Center. This unit will co-fire coal and hospital waste providing lower cost steam for heating and possibly cooling (absorption chiller) and operation of a steam turbine-generator for limited power generation while providing efficient destruction of both general and infectious hospital waste. The steam generated is as follows: steam = 20,000 lb/hr; temperature = 353 F (saturated); pressure = 125 psig; and steam quality = {approximately}98.5%. During this reporting period: structural corrections have been made to make the facility meet the required building costs; and refractory bakeout was successfully completed during April 23-25, 1996 over a 54 -hour period. Operating permits will be obtained after construction has been completed.

  7. Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haun, R.R. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Dallas, TX (United States); Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

    1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

  8. Why the Gulf War still matters: Foreign perspectives on the war and the future of international security. Report No. 16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrity, P.J.

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the main findings of a Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) project that examined how a number of nations other than the United States have reacted to the course and outcome of the Persian Gulf War of 1991. The project was built around studies of key countries on which the Gulf War might reasonably be expected to have had a significant impact: Argentina, the ASEAN states, Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Libya, North Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Syria, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Vietnam, and the states of the former Yugoslavia. These country studies were written by well-recognized independent experts following a common set of guidelines provided by CNSS. When the country studies were completed, they were reviewed and supplemented through a series of peer assessments and workshops. The report represents a synthesis of material generated through this process, and is intended to stimulate thought and further analysis on the critical topics discussed herein.

  9. Deterring regional threats from nuclear proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spector, L.S.

    1992-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The most prominent shift in the National Military Strategy is from the global Soviet threat to a new focus on regional contingencies. No threat looms larger in these contingencies than the proliferation of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles. This study examines proliferation trends and proposes a predominately diplomatic strategy for containing the problem. Dr. Spector identifies three waves of proliferation: the first is the five states with declared weapons and doctrine-the United States, Russia, Great Britain, France, and China; the second includes a less visible group that developed a covert capability, without testing weapons or declaring a doctrine of deterrence-for example, Israel, India, and probably Pakistan; and, a third wave of would-be proliferators includes radical states like Iraq, Iran, Libya, and North Korea. Spector's political approach is based on the common interest of wave one and two states to prevent further proliferation. Political-economic incentives have already worked in the cases of Brazil, Argentina, Taiwan, and South Africa-states which appear to have abandoned their nuclear weapons programs. Spector does not rule out the option of military force. Force, especially under international sanctions, can be a powerful tool to back diplomatic efforts. Use of force, however, remains a last resort.

  10. Status of exploration in the Mediterranean and future activity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Villa, C. (AGIP, Milan (Italy))

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the past ten years hydrocarbon exploration in the Mediterranean region has been carried out with a reasonably enthusiastic effort. The level of offshore drilling cannot compare to the North Sea, where the number of completed wildcats has been about three times the completions registered in the Mediterranean Sea. However, only 20% of the approximate 2.5 million km{sup 2} of the Mediterranean has water depths of less than 200 m. The remaining 80% of the area is covered by deep to mostly very deep water and today is still considered a long-range frontier target for petroleum exploration. Since the major extensions of the prospective shelves are located in Italy, Libya, Tunisia, and Spain, it is logical that most of the offshore exploration has been carried out in these countries. In particular, more than 40% of these exploratory wells have been drilled in Italian waters during the past decade. Even though a couple of significant discoveries have been found, the remaining recoverable reserves have slowly and continuously diminished. Most of the Mediterranean shelf is relatively unexplored, yet future discoveries are projected to be of minor proportions.

  11. Petroleum geology of Tunisia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burollet, P.F. (CIFEG, Paris (France)); Ferjami, A.B.; Mejri, F. (ETAP, Tunis (Tunisia))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent discoveries and important oil shows have proven the existence of hydrocarbons in newly identified depocenters and reservoirs. In general, except for some areas around the producing fields, Tunisia is largely underdrilled. The national company ETAP has decided to release data and to publish a synthesis on the petroleum geology of Tunisia. The geology of Tunisia provides a fine example of the contrast between Alpine folding, which typifies northern Tunisia and the African craton area of the Saharan part. Eastern Tunisia corresponds to an unstable platform forming plains or low hills and extending eastwards to the shallow Pelagian Sea. There are a wide variety of basins: central and northern Tunisia represents a front basin the Saharan Ghadames basin or the Chott trough are sag basins; the Gulf of Gabes was formed as a distension margin the Gulf of Hammamet is a composite basin and several transversal grabens cut across the country, including offshore, and are rift-type basins. All these features are known to be oil prolific throughout the world. Two large fields and many modest-size pools are known in Tunisia. Oil and gas fields in the surrounding countries, namely the Saharan fields of Algeria and Libya the large Bouri field offshore Tripolitania and discoveries in the Italian part of the Straits of Sicily, suggest a corresponding potential in Tunisia. Exposed paleogeographic and structural maps, balanced sections, and examples of fields and traps will support an optimistic evaluation of the future oil exploration in Tunisia.

  12. Nuclear threats from small states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kahan, J.H.

    1994-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    What are the policy implications regarding proliferation and counter proliferation of nuclear weapons among Third World states. How does deterrence operate outside the parameters of superpower confrontation as defined by the cold war elaborate system of constraints enforced by concepts like mutual assured destruction, and counter-value and counter-force targeting. How can US policymakers devise contingencies for dealing with nuclear threats posed by countries like North Korea, Libya, Iraq, Iran, and Syria. These are some of the unsettling but nevertheless important questions addressed by the author in this monograph. In his analysis, Mr. Jerome Kahan examines the likelihood that one or more of these countries will use nuclear weapons before the year 2000. He also offers a framework that policymakers and planners might use in assessing US interests in preempting the use of nuclear weapons or in retaliating for their use. Ironically, with the end of the cold war, it is imperative that defense strategists, policymakers, and military professionals think about the `unthinkable`. In the interest of fostering debate on this important subject, the Strategic Studies Institute commends this insightful monograph.

  13. New interpretation of the so-called Nubian strata in northeast Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klitzsch, E.H.; Squyres, C.H.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stratigraphical interpretation of the so-called Nubian Sandstone of Egypt and northern Sudan have led to new ideas on the structural and paleogeographical development of northeast Africa. The strata formerly comprised under the term Nubian Sandstone include sediments from Cambrian to Paleocene age. Based on field work and paleontological investigations during the last 10 years, these strata can be subdivided into three major cycles, each characterizing a certain structural situation of northeast Africa. The first or Paleozoic cycle comprises strata of Cambrian to Early Carboniferous age. These strata were deposited during a period of generally northern dip of northeast Africa; continental sediments transported northward interfinger with marine strata resulting from southward transgressions. Sediments of the second cycle were deposited during and after Gondwana and northern continents collided, which caused updoming of large areas of Egypt and bordering areas to the west and east. As a result, most of Egypt became subject to erosion; transgressions remained near the present northern edge of the continent, and purely continental deposition took place in northern Sudan and bordering areas in Chad and Libya. The resulting strata are similar to the Karroo of East Africa. Strata of the third cycle were deposited after Pangea began to disintegrate. Northeast Africa now had a generally northern dip again, and consequently deposition was controlled - as during the first cycle - by northward drainage and southward transgressions. This last cycle began during Late Jurassic time.

  14. Petroleum developments in North Africa in 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicod, M.A.

    1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the 6 countries covered by this report, the extent of valid petroleum rights, seismic work, and drilling was nearly the same as in 1978. The success rate of wildcat drilling decreased slightly, to 28% (33% in 1978), with 26 oil or gas discoveries. In southwestern Tunisia, the Amoco Sabrina Nord 1 tested 930 bbl of 39/sup 0/ APl oil from Cambrian-Ordovician sandstones - the first oil to come from lower Paleozoic rocks in Tunisia. First commercial oil from Cambrian-Ordovician rocks in western Libya was discovered by Agip A1-NC40 which flowed 1,400 b/d. Highlight of the year in North Africa was in the interior basin of Sudan where the Chevron Abu Gabra 1 tested 900 BOPD of 40/sup 0/ APl oil from Cretaceous rocks; 2 other wells, spudded in late 1979 in the same area, have tested 3,200 and 7,300 b/d, respectively, in early 1980. Discovery well of the interior basin was Chevron Unity 1 which tested small amounts of oil in 1978. Oil production in North Africa in 1979 averaged 3,939,500 b/d compared with 3,802,800 b/d in 1978, an increase of 3.6%.

  15. Mesozoic rift basins in western desert of Egypt, their southern extension and impact on future exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taha, M.A. (Conoco, Cairo (Egypt))

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rift basins are a primary target of exploration in east, central, and west Africa. These intracratonic rift basins range in age from the Triassic to the Neogene and are filled with lagoonal-lacustrine sand-shale sequences. Several rift basins may be present in the Western Desert of Egypt. In the northeastern African platform, the Mesozoic Tethyan strand lines were previously interpreted to have limited southern extension onto the continent. This concept, based upon a relatively limited amount of subsurface data, has directed and focused the exploration for oil and gas to the northernmost 120 km of the Western Desert of Egypt. Recent well and geophysical data indicate a southerly extension of mesozoic rift basins several hundred kilometers inland from the Mediterranean Sea. Shushan/Faghur and Abu Gharadig/Bahrein basins may represent subparallel Mesozoic basins, trending northeast-southwest. Marine Oxfordian-Kimmeridgian sediments were recently reported from wells drilled approximately 500 km south of the present-day Mediterranean shoreline. The link of these basins with the Sirte basin to the southwest in Libya is not well understood. Exploration is needed to evaluate the hydrocarbon potential of such basins.

  16. Gunboat diplomacy and the bomb: Nuclear proliferation and the U. S. Navy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arnett, E.H.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of nuclear proliferation on U.S. regional interests is examined, particularly the prospects for naval power projection. After an introductory chapter setting the context and defining terms, a technical assessment is performed. It finds U.S. warships to be more vulnerable to nuclear weapons than might be appreciated if effects other than overpressure are neglected, as they frequently are. Further, it assesses the utilities of delivery systems available to proliferants and discusses the likely composition of proliferant arsenals. These arsenals are found to be capable of destroying U.S. aircraft carriers, escorting warships, and naval installations. In order to avoid falling victim to threat of the week thinking, the study goes on to construct scenarios that test the relevance of the proliferant arsenals to U.S. capability and willingness to protect its interests in future crises. The countries selected for the scenarios are India, Iran, and Libya. Although steps can be taken to mitigate the effects of proliferation, the study finds that these effects cannot prevent a nuclear attack with complete certainty, and thus leave the U.S. with the prospect of revising its interests.

  17. Structural development of the western margins of the Sirte basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anketell, J.M.; Kumati, S.M.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Sirte basin, situated in north-central Libya, is a broad, northwest-trending embayment comprising a complex of small horsts and grabens. The basin was initiated in the early Cretaceous by collapse of the Tibisti-Sirte arch and underwent further faulting, notably in Late Cretaceous to early paleocene time and during the latter part of the Eocene. Throughout the greater part of the region, faults are obscured by Neogene cover; however, west of the Dahra-Hofra horst they are exposed. The last major phase of faulting in this region is late Lutetian to early Priabonian in age with minor reactivation during Oligocene and Miocene time. A phase of intra-Lutetian movement is also recognized. Following deposition of open marine limestones and chalks in the early Lutetian, the region was tilted toward the east-northeast with emergence and development of a complex system of east-flowing drainage channels which sculpted the emerging surface. The channels are wide but shallow, ranging up to 2 km wide and 10 m deep. This phase of movement and intraformational erosion was terminated by slow subsidence and/or transgression with development of restricted marine shales. The late Eocene faults which delineate the western margin of the Dahra horst throw down to the west and display a complex en echelon pattern. They are interpreted in terms of Riedel shear mechanics related to oblique-slip reactivation of basement shears. Counterclockwise orientation of the shears indicates they formed in response to sinistral slip.

  18. Role of modern climate and hydrology in world oil preservation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szatmari, P. (Petrobras Research Center, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil))

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The accumulation of oil requires a favorable source, a reservoir, good seal-rock quality, and suitably timed thermal history and structuring. The accumulated oil, especially its light fractions, may be subsequently removed by hydrologically controlled processes such as water washing, biodegradation, and tilting of the oil-water contact. These processes are dependent on the climate. In regions that have become increasingly cold or dry during late Cenozoic time, low rainfall, low ground-water flow rates, and low input of nutrients and microorganisms have protected the oil; in warm or temperate rainy climates, high flow rates and high input of nutrients and microorganisms have led to partial or total removal of oil. Thus, most of the rich (>500,000 barrels/day) oil provinces on land are in cold or dry regions, where water is recharged in highlands that receive little rain (<500 mm/yr), such as Texas, Oklahoma, Wyoming, Alaska's North Slope, California, Algeria, Libya, Egypt, the Middle East, the Volga-Ural basin, and western Siberia. Where upland recharge areas are warm or temperate and rainy, as in the eastern United States, western Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, Brazil, India, and most of China, rich oil provinces on land (outside young deltas) are rare, and biodegradation is widespread. 32 refs., 2 figs.

  19. The role of geology in the behavior and choice of permeability predictors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ball, L.D.; Corbett, P.W.M.; Jensen, J.L.; Lewis, J.J.M. [Heriot-Watt Univ., Edinburgh (United Kingdom)

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For effective flow-simulation models, it may be important to estimate permeability accurately over several scales of geological heterogeneity. Critical to the data analysis and permeability prediction are the volume of investigation and sampling interval of each petrophysical tool and how each relates to these geological scales. The authors examine these issues in the context of the As Sarah Field, Sirte Basin, Libya. A geological study of this braided fluvial reservoir has revealed heterogeneity at a series of scales. This geological hierarchy in turn possessed a corresponding hierarchy of permeability variation.The link between the geology and permeability was found to be very important in understanding well logs and core data and subsequent permeability upscaling. They found that the small scale (cm) permeability variability was better predicted using a flushed-zone resistivity, R{sub xo}, tool, rather than a wireline porosity measurement. The perm-resistivity correlation was strongest when the probe permeabilities were averaged to best match the window size of the wireline R{sub xo}. This behavior was explained by the geological variation present at this scale. For the larger scale geological heterogeneity, the production flowmeter highlighted discrepancies between flow data and averaged permeability. This yielded a layered sedimentological model interpretation and a change in averaging for permeability prediction at the bedset scale (ms-10 x ms).

  20. Porosity prediction in sandstones using erosional unconformities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shanmugam, G.

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Erosional unconformities of subaerial origin are created by tectonic uplifts and eustatic sea level fall. Most erosional unconformities developed on sandstones are planes of increased porosity because uplifted sandstones are exposed to undersaturated CO/sub 2/-charged meteoric waters that result in dissolution of unstable framework grains and cements. The chemical weathering of sandstones is intensified in humid regions by the heavy rainfall, soil zones, lush vegetation, and accompanying voluminous production of organic and inorganic acids. Erosional unconformities are considered hydrologically open systems because of abundant supply of fresh meteoric water and relatively unrestricted transport of dissolved constituents away from the site of dissolution, causing a net gain in porosity near unconformities. Thus, porosity in sandstones tends to increase toward overlying unconformities. Such porosity trends have been observed in hydrocarbon-bearing sandstone reservoirs in Alaska, Algeria, Australia, China, Libya, Netherlands, Norwegian North Sea, Norwegian Sea, and Texas. A common attribute of these reservoirs is that they were all subaerially exposed under heavy rainfall conditions. An empirical model has been developed for the Triassic and Jurassic sandstone reservoirs in the Norwegian North Sea on the basis of the observed relationship that shows an increase in porosity in these reservoirs with increasing proximity to the overlying base of Cretaceous unconformity. An important practical attribute of this model is that it allows for the prediction of porosity in the neighboring undrilled areas by recognizing the base of Cretaceous unconformity in seismic reflection profiles and by constructing subcrop maps.

  1. New bomb, no mission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mello, G.

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cold war may be over, but the nuclear arms race has not quite ended. The United States is fielding a new nuclear weapon-a bomb that was used to threaten Libya, a non-nuclear nation, even before it was deployed. The B61 {open_quotes}mod-11{close_quotes} gravity bomb is the first nuclear capability added to the US arsenal since 1989. It was developed and deployed secretly, without public or congressional debate, and in apparent contradiction to official domestic and international assurances that no new nuclear weapons were being developed in the United States. The B61-11`s unique earth-penetrating characteristic and wide range of yields allow it to threaten otherwide indestructible targets from the air-or, in Pentagonese, to hold such targets {open_quotes}at risk.{close_quotes} That makes the B61-11 a uniquely useful warfighting tool. The 1,200-pound B61-11 replaces the B53, a 8,900-pound, nine-megaton bomb that was developed as a {open_quotes}city buster{close_quotes} and was later designated as a substitute for an earth-penetrating weapon. The B53 was deliverable only by vulnerable B-52s; in contrast, the smaller and lighter B61-11 can be delivered the the stealthier B-2A bomber, or even by F16 fighters.

  2. Joint Assessment of Renewable Energy and Water Desalination Research Center (REWDC) Program Capabilities and Facilities In Radioactive Waste Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bissani, M; Fischer, R; Kidd, S; Merrigan, J

    2006-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary goal of this visit was to perform a joint assessment of the Renewable Energy and Water Desalination Center's (REWDC) program in radioactive waste management. The visit represented the fourth technical and scientific interaction with Libya under the DOE/NNSA Sister Laboratory Arrangement. Specific topics addressed during the visit focused on Action Sheet P-05-5, ''Radioactive Waste Management''. The Team, comprised of Mo Bissani (Team Lead), Robert Fischer, Scott Kidd, and Jim Merrigan, consulted with REWDC management and staff. The team collected information, discussed particulars of the technical collaboration and toured the Tajura facility. The tour included the waste treatment facility, waste storage/disposal facility, research reactor facility, hot cells and analytical labs. The assessment team conducted the first phase of Task A for Action Sheet 5, which involved a joint assessment of the Radioactive Waste Management Program. The assessment included review of the facilities dedicated to the management of radioactive waste at the Tourja site, the waste management practices, proposed projects for the facility and potential impacts on waste generation and management.

  3. Methanol market slowly tightens as Brazil starts soaking up material

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, I.

    1992-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Although the US methanol market's response to mandated oxygen requirements in reformulated gasoline has been disappointing, the European market has surprisingly been tightening in recent weeks and looks set for a price rise in first-quarter 1993. The tightness is being felt mainly in the Mediterranean market, where the Libyan methanol plant is running at only 70% because of problems with gas feedstock supplies. More significantly, the Brazilian government has now given the go-ahead for a yearlong extension on imports of methanol for use as an ethanol replacement in fuel blending. The new authorization sets a monthly import limit of 48,000 m.t. during that period. Libya is an important supplier of methanol to the Brazilian market and has already shipped about 20,000 m.t. since the authorization was given. Another major supplier to Brazil is Russia, from its two giant 750,000-m.t./year plants at Gubakha and Tomsk. The material is shipped from the terminal at Yuzhnyy on the Black Sea, in Ukrainian territory since the collapse of the Soviet Union.

  4. The current state of the Russian reduced enrichment research reactors program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aden, V.G.; Kartashov, E.F.; Lukichev, V.A. [and others

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the last year after the 16-th International Conference on Reducing Fuel Enrichment in Research Reactors held in October, 1993 in Oarai, Japan, the conclusive stage of the Program on reducing fuel enrichment (to 20% in U-235) in research reactors was finally made up in Russia. The Program was started late in 70th and the first stage of the Program was completed by 1986 which allowed to reduce fuel enrichment from 80-90% to 36%. The completion of the Program current stage, which is counted for 5-6 years, will exclude the use of the fuel enriched by more than 20% from RF to other countries such as: Poland, Czeck Republick, Hungary, Roumania, Bulgaria, Libya, Viet-Nam, North Korea, Egypt, Latvia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. In 1994 the Program, approved by RF Minatom authorities, has received the status of an inter-branch program since it was admitted by the RF Ministry for Science and Technical Policy. The Head of RF Minatom central administrative division N.I.Ermakov was nominated as the Head of the Russian Program, V.G.Aden, RDIPE Deputy Director, was nominated as the scientific leader. The Program was submitted to the Commission for Scientific, Technical and Economical Cooperation between USA and Russia headed by Vice-President A. Gore and Prime Minister V. Chemomyrdin and was given support also.

  5. Depositional sequence evolution, Paleozoic and early Mesozoic of the central Saharan platform, North Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sprague, A.R.G. (Exxon Production Research Co., Houston, TX (United States))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over 30 depositional sequences have been identified in the Paleozoic and lower Mesozoic of the Ghadames basin of eastern Algeria, southern Tunisia, and western Libya. Well logs and lithologic information from more than 500 wells were used to correlate the 30 sequences throughout the basin (total area more than 1 million km{sup 2}). Based on systematic change in the log response of strata in successively younger sequences, five groups of sequences with distinctive characteristics have been identified: Cambro-Ordivician, Upper Silurian-Middle Devonian, Upper Devonian, Carboniferous, and Middle Triassic-Middle Jurassic. Each sequence group is terminated by a major, tectonically enhanced sequence boundary that is immediately overlain (except for the Carboniferous) by a shale-prone interval deposited in response to basin-wide flooding. The four Paleozoic sequence groups were deposited on the Saharan platform, a north facing, clastic-dominated shelf that covered most of North Africa during the Paleozoic. The sequence boundary at the top of the Carboniferous sequence group is one of several Permian-Carboniferous angular unconformities in North Africa related to the Hercynian orogeny. The youngest sequence group (Middle Triassic to Middle Jurassic) is a clastic-evaporite package that onlaps southward onto the top of Paleozoic sequence boundary. The progressive changes from the Cambrian to the Jurassic, in the nature of the Ghadames basin sequences is a reflection of the interplay between basin morphology and tectonics, vegetation, eustasy, climate, and sediment supply.

  6. Oil migration pattern in the Sirte Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roohi, M.; Aburawi, R.M. [Waha Oil Co., Tripoli (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sirte Basin is an asymmetrical cratonic basin, situated in the north-central part of Libya. It covers an area of over 350,000km{sup 2} and is one of the most prolific oil-producing basins in the world. Sirte Basin is divided into large NW-SE trending sub-parallel platforms and troughs bounded by deep seated syndepositional normal faults. A very unique combination of thick sediments with rich source rocks in the troughs vs. thinner sediments with prolific reservoir rocks on the platforms accounts for the productivity of the basin. Analysis of oil migration pattern in the Sirte Basin will certainly help to discover the remaining reserves, and this can only be achieved if the important parameter of structural configuration of the basin at the time of oil migration is known. The present paper is an attempt to analyse the time of oil migration, to define the structural picture of the 4 Basin during the time of migration and to delineate the most probable connecting routes between the hydrocarbon kitchens and the oil fields.

  7. Global threat reduction initiative Russian nuclear material removal progress

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cummins, Kelly [DOE/NNSA (United States); Bolshinsky, Igor [INL/NNSA (United States)

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In December 1999 representatives from the United States, the Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) started discussing a program to return to Russia Soviet- or Russian-supplied highly enriched uranium (HEU) fuel stored at the Russian-designed research reactors outside Russia. Trilateral discussions among the United States, Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have identified more than 20 research reactors in 17 countries that have Soviet- or Russian-supplied HEU fuel. The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program is an important aspect of the U.S. Government's commitment to cooperate with the other nations to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons-usable proliferation-attractive nuclear materials. To date, 496 kilograms of Russian-origin HEU have been shipped to Russia from Serbia, Latvia, Libya, Uzbekistan, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic. The pilot spent fuel shipment from Uzbekistan to Russia was completed in April 2006. (author)

  8. Foramol carbonate shelves as depositional site and source area: Recent and ancient examples from the Mediterranean region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carannante, G.; Simone, L.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent environments, only limited carbonate depositional areas are dominated by coral reefs. Such platforms frequently develop rimmed margins and are characterized by chlorozoan facies with large contributions of nonskeletal grains. They are practically limited to warm tropical seas. In temperate seas as well as anomalous tropical zones, large areas of the middle-outer shelf are covered by skeletal debris with variable amounts of mollusks, foraminifers, coralline algae, bryozoans, etc (foramol facies). Apart from the skeletal fragments derived from the shallow inner shelf and the contribution from local endobiota and epibiota, the source of the bioclastic sediments may be found in limited and scattered areas supporting active carbonate-producing assemblages. Fossil counterparts of similar deposits are present in the Mediterranean region (e.g., Spain, Italy, Malta, Libya), locally showing good reservoir properties. Examples are described from the Miocene of the Southern Apennines (Italy) where a variety rich in encrusting coralline algae is present, as well as from the Upper Cretaceous of the Southern Apennines and northwest Sardinia (Italy) where scattered rudistid buildups are associated with bioclastic sediments rich in coralline algae and bryozoans.

  9. Saudi Aramco details 1990 surge in oil production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on Saudi Arabian Oil Co. that has jumped its crude oil production 29% to an average 6,257,600 b/d last year. That was Saudi Arabia's response to Iraq's Aug. 2, 1990, invasion of Kuwait and the ensuing Persian Gulf crisis with its United Nations embargo on Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports. It was Saudi Aramco's biggest average crude oil volume since the 6,327,220 b/d gauged in 1982, according to the company's 1990 annual report. By the end of 1990 Saudi Aramco's maximum sustained production capability was 8.5 million b/d of crude. To meet long term demand, it decided to advance the timetable and increase the scope of a crude oil expansion program adopted in 1989. Reserves at the end of the year were 257.9 billion bbl of crude and 180.5 tcf of dissolved, associated, and non-associated natural gas, compared with 257.5 billion bbl and 180.355 tcf at yearend 1989.

  10. 3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Husseini, M. [Gulf PetroLink, Manama (Bahrain); Chimblo, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

  11. The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

  12. CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  13. CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  14. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report, (January 1, 1992--March 31, 1992)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94-163), approved on December 22, 1975, and extended in July 1985, June 1989, March 1990, and September 1990, to reduce the impact of disruptions in petroleum supplies and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report is submitted in accordance with section 165(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, which requires that the Secretary of Energy submit quarterly reports to Congress on activities undertaken with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Since the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage program for the 750 million barrels was completed in 1991, this May 15, 1992, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report focuses on activities related primarily to the storage facilities status, oil acquisition, budget, and cost of the Reserve during the period January 1, 1992, through March 31, 1992. On February 24, 1992, Secretary James D. Watkins announced that he had directed the Department to reenter the international spot market to resume fill of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Oil purchases for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve were suspended on August 2, 1990, when Iraq's invasion of Kuwait raised concerns about the stability of world petroleum supplies. On March 17, 1992, a solicitation for offers to deliver crude oil to the Reserve was issued by the Defense Fuel Supply Center, the Department's crude oil purchasing agent for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

  15. Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Annual/quarterly report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) facilities development for the authorized 750 million barrel program was completed in 1991. Expansion of the SPR`s offsite commercial distribution capacity to 4.3 million barrels per day is in progress. During calendar year 1991, the SPR`s crude oil storage capacity increased by 61 million barrels with the completion of caverns at the Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw sites. On January 16, 1991, in conjunction with the beginning of Operation Desert Storm, President Bush ordered a drawdown and distribution of Strategic Petroleum Reserve oil as part of a coordinated contingency plan agreed to by member countries of the International Energy Agency. The Department successfully conducted the drawdown during the period January 17 through March 31 and delivered a total of 17.2 million barrels of crude oil to 13 purchasers. There were no crude oil deliveries to the SPR during the year ending December 31, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of December 31, 1991, the SPR inventory was 568.5 million barrels.

  16. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This August 15, 1991, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1991, through June 30, 1991. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage facilities development program is proceeding on schedule. The Reserve's capacity is currently 726 million barrels. A total of 5.5 million barrels of new gross cavern volume was developed at Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw during the quarter. There were no crude oil deliveries to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve during the calendar quarter ending June 30, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of June 30, 1991, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve inventory was 568.5 million barrels. The reorganization of the Office of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve became effective June 28, 1991. Under the new organization, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Project Management Office in Louisiana will report to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program Office in Washington rather than the Oak Ridge Field Office in Tennessee. 2 tabs.

  17. Strategic Petroleum Reserve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) facilities development for the authorized 750 million barrel program was completed in 1991. Expansion of the SPR's offsite commercial distribution capacity to 4.3 million barrels per day is in progress. During calendar year 1991, the SPR's crude oil storage capacity increased by 61 million barrels with the completion of caverns at the Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw sites. On January 16, 1991, in conjunction with the beginning of Operation Desert Storm, President Bush ordered a drawdown and distribution of Strategic Petroleum Reserve oil as part of a coordinated contingency plan agreed to by member countries of the International Energy Agency. The Department successfully conducted the drawdown during the period January 17 through March 31 and delivered a total of 17.2 million barrels of crude oil to 13 purchasers. There were no crude oil deliveries to the SPR during the year ending December 31, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of December 31, 1991, the SPR inventory was 568.5 million barrels.

  18. AFBC co-firing of coal and hospital waste. Quarterly report, August--October 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stuart, J.M.

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The project objective is to design, construct, install provide operator training and start-up a circulating fluidized bed combustion system at the Lebanon Pennsylvania Veteran`s Affairs Medical Center. This unit will co-fire coal and hospital waste providing lower cost steam for heating and possibly cooling (absorption chiller) and operation of a steam turbine-generator for limited power generation. This would permit full capacity operation of the FBC year round in spite of the VA laundry that was shut down as well as efficient destruction of both general and infectious hospital waste and steam generation. The State permitting process required for construction will be completed in early November to allow installation and construction to be completed. Operating permits will be obtained after construction has been completed. A request for proposal for stack sampling and biospore tests was released to four (4) vendors in mid-October. The proposals shall be reviewed during November and the stack sampler will be selected. Funding was approved as of August 1, 1995. Construction and installation resumed on August 21, 1995 at the LVAMC. Construction and installation continues and will be completed by late December 1995.

  19. AFBC co-firing of coal and hospital waste. Quarterly report, November 1995--January 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stuart, J.M.

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The project objective is to design, construct, install provide operator training and start-up a circulating fluidized bed combustion system at the Lebanon Pennsylvania Veteran`s Affairs Medical Center. This unit will co-fire coal and hospital waste providing lower cost steam for heating and possibly cooling (absorption chiller) and operation of a steam turbine-generator for limited power generation while providing efficient destruction of both general and infectious hospital waste. Operating permits will be obtained after construction has been completed. The stack sampler has been selected. This vendor is currently developing the testing protocol. Severe weather in December and January caused work delays to the project, especially to outside work The fabrication and installation of the stack are complete. Only the insulation of the stack remains to be done. Budget problems began to occur in late January. Correction of this situation should occur shortly in February or March. A current schedule for the project is included with this report.

  20. Worldwide threat assessment brief to the Senate Select Committee on intelligence statement for the record

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deutch, J.

    1996-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This report outlines the threats to the United States and its interests now and into the next century. We still call this the post-Cold War world. Among the opportunities and challenges of our time, there is not yet one dominant enough to define the era on its own terms and give it a name. Looking beyond our borders, we see much that is uncertain: The stability of many regions of the world is threatened by ethnic turmoil and humanitarian crises. Two great powers, Russia and China, are in the process of metamorphosis and their final shape is still very much in question.-Free nations of the world are threatened by rogue nations - - Iran, Iraq, North Korea, and Libya, that have built up significant military forces and seek to acquire weapons of mass destruction. The world community is under assault from those who deal in proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, drugs and crime. And the interdependence of the world economy has made us more vulnerable to economic shocks beyond our borders. The strategic threat to our continent is reduced, but the potential for surprise is greater than it was in the days when we could focus our energies on the well-recognized instruments of Soviet power. No one challenge today is yet as formidable as the threat from the former Soviet Union. If nurtured by neglect on our part, these new challenges could expand to threaten the growth of democracy and free markets. All the tools of national security -- diplomacy, the military, and intelligence -- must remain sharp. It is the task of the Intelligence Community to provide policymakers and military commanders with early warning of emerging problems -- warning that can allow us to avoid crisis or military conflict. We must continuously monitor and assess the threats so that our leaders can manage these wisely.