Sample records for kuwait kyrgyzstan laos

  1. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DPRK) Korea (ROK) Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia LebanonDPRK) Korea (ROK) Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia LebanonKorea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Liberia

  2. Causes and Consequences of Second Language Education: A Global Analysis From 1980 to the Present

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coyne, Gary

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, TurkmenistanKazakhstan Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Laos Latvia Lebanon

  3. Encephalitis Virus, Kyrgyzstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Robert J.

    Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus, Kyrgyzstan Benjamin J. Briggs, Barry Atkinson, Donna M. Czechowski-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is an emerging pathogen in Europe and Asia. We investigated TBEV in Kyrgyzstan. We found TBEV circulating in Kyrgyzstan much farther south and at higher altitudes than previously

  4. CHINA KYRGYZSTAN UZBEKISTAN TURKMENISTAN TURKEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorf, Martin E.

    CHINA · KYRGYZSTAN · UZBEKISTAN TURKMENISTAN · TURKEY The Ultimate Silk Road Journey: From Xian through the mountains and deserts of Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, and on through vibrant and continue along the fabled route to Western China, mountainous Kyrgyzstan, the blue-tiled Silk Road oases

  5. Kyrgyzstan: Problems, opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banks, J.; Ebel, R. (International Resources Group, Washington, DC (United States))

    1993-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Kyrgyzstan is a country of 4.3 million persons in Central Asia with Kazakhstan bordering to the north, China to the southeast, Uzbekistan to the west, and Tajikistan to the southwest. Among Kyrgyzstan's major ethnic groups, Kyrgyz account of 52% of the population, Russians 22%, and Uzbeks 13%. Since independence Sept. 7, 1991, from the Soviet Union, Kyrgyzstan has found itself in a very difficult position. The situation in the energy sector is particularly strained. Oil and gas production are minimal, there are no refineries in the country, and all petroleum products are brought in from Russia, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan. Natural gas in supplied from Turkmenistan. Although there are domestic reserves of coal, imports from Russia and Kazakhstan account for 55% of supply. However, there is significant hydropower potential in Kyrgyzstan. Energy officials have clearly identified development of this resource as the path to energy independence and economic progress. An overview of Kyrgyzstan's energy sector is given in this article for crude oil, natural gas, coal resources, electrical power, and investment opportunities.

  6. --No Title--

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho...

  7. Coal resources of Kyrgyzstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Landis, E.R.; Bostick, N.H.; Gluskoter, H.J.; Johnson, E.A. [Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States); Harrison, C.D. [CQ Inc., Homer City, PA (United States); Huber, D.W.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The rugged, mountainous country of Kyrgyzstan contains about one-half of the known coal resources of central Asia (a geographic and economic region that also includes Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan and Turkmenistan). Coal of Jurassic age is present in eight regions in Kyrgyzstan in at least 64 different named localities. Significant coal occurrences of about the same age are present in the central Asian countries of Kazakhstan, China, and Russia. Separation of the coal-bearing rocks into individual deposits results more than earth movements before and during formation of the present-day mountains and basins of the country than from deposition in separate basins.Separation was further abetted by deep erosion and removal of the coal-bearing rocks from many areas, followed by covering of the remaining coal-bearing rocks by sands and gravels of Cenozoic age. The total resources of coal in Kyrgyzstan have been reported as about 30 billion tons. In some of the reported localities, the coal resources are known and adequately explored. In other parts of the republic, the coal resources are inadequately understood or largely unexplored. The resource and reserve inventory of Kyrgyzstan is at best incomplete; for some purposes, such as short-term local and long-range national planning, it may be inadequate. Less than 8% of the total estimated resources are categorized as recoverable reserves, and the amount that is economically recoverable is unknown. The coal is largely of subbituminous and high-volatile C bituminous rank, most has low and medium ash and sulfur contents, and coals of higher rank (some with coking qualities) are present in one region. It is recommended that appropriate analyses and tests be made during planning for utilization.

  8. The Transformation of Askar Akaev, President of Kyrgyzstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spector, Regine A.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    According to Eckstein, Kyrgyzstan would be a "least-likely"A. Akayev: The First President of Independent Kyrgyzstan,"Kyrgyzstan, Akaev's motivations for joining the Communist

  9. Essays on the Economics of Environmental Issues: The Environmental Kuznets Curve to Optimal Energy Portfolios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meininger, Aaron G.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jordan Kazakhstan Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Saudi ArabiaJordan Kazakhstan Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Saudi Arabia

  10. Kyrgyzstan starts up its first refinery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McLeod, G. [Petrofac LLC, Tyler, TX (United States)

    1997-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The Central Asian republic of Kyrgyzstan started up its first oil refinery in October 1996. The 10,000 b/d plant is designed to produce gasoline, diesel, and mazut (heavy fuel oil) from local Kyrgyz crude. Before construction of the Jalalabad refinery, all finished petroleum products were imported from neighboring countries. Kyrgyzstan`s demand for finished products is about 40,000 b/d. The new refinery was designed and constructed by Petrofac of Tyler, Texas, on behalf of Kyrgoil Corp., Calgary. Kyrgoil is a partner with the Kyrgyz state oil company, Kyrgyzsneft, in a venture called Kyrzgyz Petroleum Co. (KPC). KPC has undertaken restoration and continued development of the oil fields in Kyrgyzstan`s Fergana basin, in addition to the refinery project. The company also has marketing rights for finished products within Kyrgyzstan. The refinery comprises: a hydroskimming (atmospheric distillation) section, diesel steam stripping, gasoline blending, and utilities and off-sites, including steam generation, power generation, tank farm, truck and rail tank-car loading and unloading facilities, crude inlet pipeline, high-voltage power line, substation, air compression, laboratory, and maintenance facilities.

  11. International Symposium KYRGYZSTAN, 13-18 JUNE 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    International Symposium KYRGYZSTAN, 13-18 JUNE 2011 Pastoralism in Central Asia: Status, Challenges of Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and southeastern Kazakhstan, as well as those in eastern Afghanistan, western China

  12. Representative Seroprevalences of Brucellosis in Humans and Livestock in Kyrgyzstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Representative Seroprevalences of Brucellosis in Humans and Livestock in Kyrgyzstan Bassirou Bonfoh), 60 Togolok Moldo Street, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan 3 Veterinary Public Health Institute, Vetsuisse Faculty, Swiss Red Cross, 187/1 Sydykova Street, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan 5 Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute

  13. The Post-Soviet Development of Elite-Level Athletics in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silecky, Matej

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Browse Olympic Athletes:  Kyrgyzstan; NBC Olympics. ” athletes/nation=kyrgyzstan/index.html.   “Browse Olympic Games by Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,  Turkmenistan 

  14. Assessing Variation in Wildlife Biodiversity in the Tien Shan Mountains of Kyrgyzstan Using Ancillary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Assessing Variation in Wildlife Biodiversity in the Tien Shan Mountains of Kyrgyzstan Using of Kyrgyzstan and assessed their usefulness for biodiversity surveys of larger animal species. The study: Camera-trapping; biodiversity; conservation; mammals; protected areas; Tien Shan Mountains; Kyrgyzstan

  15. Natural Resources in Kyrgyzstan: The Tragedy and Glory of the `Private'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    152 Natural Resources in Kyrgyzstan: The Tragedy and Glory of the `Private' Christine Bichsel, Central Asian Mountain Partnership (CAMP), Kyrgyzstan; Ulan Kasymov, CAMP; Bernd Steimann, Development characterised natural resource institutions in Kyrgyzstan since 1991. First, while natural resources were

  16. Post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan: Between Nationalism and Nation-State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Artman, Vincent

    2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Vincent M. Artman 1 Post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan: Between Nationalism and Nation-State In December of 2011, shortly after becoming the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, Almazbek Atambayev told a crowd of Kyrgyz and Uzbeks “only together are we... Kyrgyzstan,” adding “those who try to divide us according to nationality and region are enemies of the nation.”1 At other times, Atambayev has claimed that nationalism is the “main problem” in Kyrgyzstan.2 It is not difficult to see why this should...

  17. Water and Women’s Empowerment in the Ferghana Valley: Agency of Older Women from Soviet Era in Contemporary Rural Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhanju, Richa

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Era in Contemporary Rural Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan AbstractUzbek) and nationalities (Kyrgyzstan & Uzbekistan) perceivevillages, especially in Kyrgyzstan. The younger women of the

  18. Water demand management in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milutinovic, Milan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kuwait is an arid country located in the Middle East, with limited access to water resources. Yet water demand per capita is much higher than in other countries in the world, estimated to be around 450 L/capita/day. There ...

  19. Rubber in Laos Detection of actual and assessment of potential plantations in Lao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Rubber in Laos Detection of actual and assessment of potential plantations in Lao PDR using GIS for Development and Environment, University of Bern #12;ii #12;Rubber in Laos Detection of actual and assessment, the motivation for this thesis is mainly based on giving a contribution to the current research on rubber in Laos

  20. al-sulaibiya field kuwait: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Kuwait France Spain I taly Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Turkey Saudi Arabia Kuwait France Spain I taly Mexico Argentina China Kuwait Japan Korea...

  1. ,Altitudinal distribution of monthly norms of precipitation on the northern slope of the Kyrgyz range (Kyrgyzstan)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    range (Kyrgyzstan) Korobitsina . 1. Introduction Our main task was to identify territorial distribution of precipitation on the northern slope of the Kyrgyz range (NSKR) (within Kyrgyzstan), where over 30 rivers, widely

  2. Kuwait City, Kuwait: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts andKunshan Henghui NewKuwait City,

  3. Basin width control of faulting in the Naryn Basin, south central Kyrgyzstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bookhagen, Bodo

    Basin width control of faulting in the Naryn Basin, south central Kyrgyzstan Joseph K. Goode,1 the controls on this intramontane basin deformation, we study the Naryn Basin of south central Kyrgyzstan central Kyrgyzstan, Tectonics, 30, TC6009, doi:10.1029/2011TC002910. 1. Introduction [2] Deformation

  4. Late Quaternary slip rates across the central Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan, central Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    Late Quaternary slip rates across the central Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan, central Asia Stephen C, Quaternary, river terrace, Kyrgyzstan Citation: Thompson, S. C., R. J. Weldon, C. M. Rubin, K. Abdrakhmatov, P. Molnar, and G. W. Berger, Late Quaternary slip rates across the central Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan

  5. 1-4244-1243-9/07/$25.00 2007 IEEE Mobile phone users in Kyrgyzstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    1-4244-1243-9/07/$25.00 ©2007 IEEE Mobile phone users in Kyrgyzstan: A case study of identifying in Kyrgyzstan; (2) detect and communicate user requirements for that product concept to a design team; and (3 user needs and goals for mobile phone users in Kyrgyzstan. We believe the process by which we developed

  6. The hydrometeorology of Kuwait : characterization and modeling of rainfall distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcella, Marc Pace

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents a comprehensive study on the hydrometeorology of Kuwait. The spatial, seasonal, and inter annual variability of Kuwait rainfall is discussed based on rain gauge and satellite datasets. It is found that ...

  7. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina Angola Armenia Bolivia Benin Azerbaijan Senegal Syria Seychelles Taiwan (Republic of China) Sierra Leone Tajikistan Somalia Thailand South Africa Kazakhstan Guinea Korea (North) Guinea-Bissau Korea (South) Kenya Kuwait Lesotho Kyrgyzstan Liberia Lao PDR

  8. 1-4244-1243-9/07/$25.00 2007 IEEE Asking Internet Users to Explain Non-Use in Kyrgyzstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1-4244-1243-9/07/$25.00 ©2007 IEEE Asking Internet Users to Explain Non-Use in Kyrgyzstan Chad, and specifically Kyrgyzstan, Internet adoption seems to be tapering off well below saturation levels. Survey data picture of how to define Internet use in Kyrgyzstan, and why some people are adopting ICTs and why others

  9. Abstract--This work consists of two main components: (a) a longitudinal ethnographic study in Kyrgyzstan that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    study in Kyrgyzstan that demonstrates the importance of transportation resources in the developing world. Index Terms--ICTD, transportation, information services, mobile phones, GPS, SMS, Kyrgyzstan, developing & Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 USA (bkolko@u.washington.edu). Kyrgyzstan

  10. Tracing glacier wastage in the Northern Tien Shan (Kyrgyzstan/Central Asia) over the last 40 years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Tracing glacier wastage in the Northern Tien Shan (Kyrgyzstan/Central Asia) over the last 40 years watershed, a catchment of the Northern Tien Shan mountain range in Kyrgyzstan. The overall area loss of 28.maselli@cde.unibe.ch V. Bilenko :N. Ershova Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan S. Yerokhin State

  11. Validation of GOME (ERS-2) NO2 vertical column data with ground-based measurements at Issyk-Kul (Kyrgyzstan)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Kul (Kyrgyzstan) D.V. Ionov a,*, V.P. Sinyakov b , V.K. Semenov b a Research Institute of Physics, Ulyanovskaya, Kyrgyzstan Received 23 October 2004; received in revised form 17 November 2005; accepted 18 November 2005-Kul station in Kyrgyzstan, northern Tien Shan. The data of GOME, taken for the period of 1996­2002, was found

  12. Explaining the causes and consequences of internationally monitored elections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyde, Susan Dayton

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CIS mission to Moldova and Kyrgyzstan because of the CIS’sFaso Equatorial Guinea Kyrgyzstan Burundi Estonia Laos

  13. Please cite as: Thieme, Susan (2011): Student mobility, experiences of return and employment in Kyrgyzstan. The SRC's Research Fellows Working Paper, October, 2011. University of Zurich. Zurich,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Kyrgyzstan. The SRC's Research Fellows Working Paper, October, 2011. University of Zurich. Zurich, Switzerland. Student mobility, experiences of return and employ- ment in Kyrgyzstan The SRC's Research Fellows in Kyrgyzstan. Up to 20 per cent of Kyrgyzstan's population have left in search of better economic opportunities

  14. Risky neighbors and co-ethnic groups : the political logic of fiscal grants in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jihyeon; Jeong, Jihyeon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Myanmar (Burma), and Kyrgyzstan as well as stable statesKazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal,ethnics in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. challenges. In order

  15. Return of the state to development: the state, donors, and NGOs in Post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jailobaeva, Kanykey Bayalieva

    2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The thesis explores international donors’ promotion of civil society in post- Soviet Kyrgyzstan since the mid 2000s with a particular focus on how policy changes in the promotion of civil society have influenced Kyrgyz ...

  16. An Energy Overview of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    anon.

    2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Kyrgyzstan. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit.

  17. Kuwait Petroleum Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii9969995°,I Jump to:Kumagai Gumi CoKuwait

  18. STRUCTURAL EVOLUTION OF THE BAYABACHE-KARA TOO-NARYN SERIES OF ANTICLINES AND SHORTENING ACROSS THE INTERMONTANE TIEN SHAN, KYRGYZSTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, M. Meghan

    THE INTERMONTANE TIEN SHAN, KYRGYZSTAN Figure 2 ABSTRACT: M. Meghan MILLER and J. Kim MCLEAN, Department Academy of Sciences, Institute of Seismology, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan; Ray J. WELDON, II, Department

  19. Analysis of sustainable water supply options for Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murtaugh, Katharine A. (Katharine Ann)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis considers several options for improving the sustainability of Kuwait's water supply system. The country currently relies heavily on desalination and brackish groundwater extraction. The options considered for ...

  20. algeria iraq kuwait: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    164 Redesign of Electrical Installations to Maximize the Use of Photo Voltaic (PV) Cells at the End Use of Consumers in Kuwait Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary:...

  1. Improving Operational Strategies of an Institutional Building in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ragom, F.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Building and Energy Technologies Department (BET) of the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research has pledged to achieve 10% reduction in buildings energy consumption by the year 2005. Working in line with the Kuwaiti government that highly...

  2. Kyrgyzstan? So maybe you can't pronounce it (it's KEER-giz-stan), or you're not quite sure exactly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    Why Not Kyrgyzstan? So maybe you can't pronounce it (it's KEER-giz-stan), or you're not quite sure exactly where it is (Central Asia), but Kyrgyzstan is a culturally rich, democratic country in the heart of an area that will play a big role in the global future. Why Kyrgyzstan? Why not? A User

  3. Characterizing Surface Temperature and Clarity of Kuwait's Seawaters Using Remotely Sensed Measurements and GIS Analyses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsahli, Mohammad M. M.

    2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Kuwait sea surface temperature (SST) and water clarity are important water characteristics that influence the entire Kuwait coastal ecosystem. The aim of this project was to study the spatial and temporal distributions of ...

  4. Laos: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind Energy Development Jump to:Wave PowerLaos: Energy

  5. Karl Herweg Natalie Schfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Saphangthong (Lao PDR) Hung Nguyen-Viet (Vietnam) Jyldyz Shigaeva (Kyrgyzstan) Laya Prasad Uprety (Nepal) Tina Training Course in Kyrgyzstan, 2003; communicating beyond disciplinary, cultural, and language boundaries

  6. State of Kuwait Ministry of Oil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of Kuwait Ministry of Oil

  7. Progress Toward Remediation of Uranium Tailings in Mailuu-Suu, Kyrgyzstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buckley, P B; Ranville, J; Honeyman, B D; Smith, D K; Rosenberg, N; Knapp, R B

    2003-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The town of Mailuu-Suu in Kyrgyzstan inherited 23 distinct tailings deposits from Soviet-Era uranium mining operations. Mailuu-Suu is located in the narrow landslide-prone valley of the Mailuu-Suu River about 25 km from the Uzbekistan border. Large-scale release of the radioactive tailings, as a result of landslides, could lead to irreversible contamination of the river and downstream areas. The Mailuu-Suu River is a tributary to the Syr-Darya River, the Fergana valley's main source of irrigation water. The Fergana Valley is a key agricultural region and major population center that spans Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. The trans-boundary nature of the Mailuu-Suu tailings issue presents an opportunity for collaboration among these Central Asian states. A cooperative approach to addressing environmental issues such as Mailuu-Suu may contribute to the region's stability by facilitating peaceful associations. Experience from remediation of sites in the US under the Uranium Mill Tailings Remediation Action Project (UMTRA) will be useful in progressing toward remediation at Mailuu-Suu.

  8. International project finance : the case of Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Jassar, Sulaiman Ahmed

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the record of the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development (KFAED) in light of changing fashions regarding the proper role and management of such funds in the development finance process. The key ...

  9. Implementation of Simple Measures for Savings Water and Energy Consumption in Kuwait Government Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albaharani, H.; Al-Mulla, A.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper gives in details the efforts made by the Public Services Department (PSD) to reduce water and energy consumptions in the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labour's (MOSAL) buildings in Kuwait. PSD manages around 125 buildings distributed...

  10. Social and Economic Challenges of Implementing Sustainable Materials on Buildings in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Foraih, R.; Al-Fahad, F.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of sustainable materials is more challenging as many materials are not available in Kuwait and the surrounding Gulf countries. Transportation from aboard should be decreased as much as possible to reduce cost as well as decreasing negative environmental impacts...

  11. Re-examination of the current architectural curriculum at Kuwait University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdullah, Mohammad

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RE-EXAMINATION OF THE CURRENT ARCHITECTURAL CURRICULUM AT KUWAIT UNIVERSITY A Thesis by MOHAMMAD ABDULLAH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 2003 Major Subject: Architecture RE-EXAMINATION OF THE CURRENT ARCHITECTURAL CURRICULUM AT KUWAIT UNIVERSITY A Thesis by MOHAMMAD ABDULLAH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment...

  12. Lao Institute for Renewable Energy LIRE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLao Institute for

  13. Green Classroom: Daylighting-conscious Design for Kuwait Autism Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdullah Al-mohaisen; Omar Khattab

    Consideration to the natural elements, such as daylighting, at the earliest in the architectural design process is suggested by many as necessary for sustainable buildings. The implementation of a successful daylighting strategy in the design of buildings improves spatial quality and saves energy required, otherwise, for artificial lighting. Daylighting becomes a design mandate in the case of certain spaces; e.g. classrooms in educational buildings. Many researchers have indicated a correlation between the way classrooms are designed and students ' performance. This paper discusses a case study of the environmental design of Kuwait Autism Centre that adopted the provision of adequate daylighting in educational spaces as a major design focus. An extensive daylighting evaluation was conducted on all educational facilities of the proposed conceptual design of the centre. The recommendations from the evaluation were implemented in the design development stages. Earlier conceptual design drawings as well as the final designs are described. The paper summarises the daylighting design recommendations and explains the daylighting simulation process and analysis for decision making in design. Additionally it shows the annual energy savings as a result of the daylighting-conscious design of the classrooms.

  14. Taking stock of Saddam's fiery legacy in Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, M.

    1991-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Six months after Saddam Hussein's torching of more than 700 Kuwaiti oil wells, health officials, meteorologists, and environmental experts convened during mid-August in Cambridge, Massachusetts, to assess the impact of the fires. The soot cloud produced by the fires hasn't produced a nuclear winter, nor are the carbon dioxide and other gases released going to have an appreciable effect on global warming, although regional weather changes are possible. So far adverse health effects from the heavy pall of pollution caused by the fires have been surprisingly mild. This isn't to say that premature deaths will not occur, but many scientists had feared much worse. Nevertheless, all researchers concede that the data for this particular conclusion are still preliminary, and they expressed concerns that health problems may worsen in the coming months. Most of the health effects are expected in a region blanketed by a plume of smoke 800 to 1,000 kilometers long. The average concentrations of the primary pollutants it contains, carbon-based particles and sulfur dioxide, are similar to those in any large urban center. Still, the oil fires increase the pollution burden on Kuwait, which already had a problem with particulates in the air, and some epidemiologists expect that the extra pollutants will take their toll.

  15. NNSA Signs Memorandum with Kuwait to Increase Cooperation on Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Thomas D'Agostino

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On June 23, 2010, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) signed a Memorandum of Cooperation on nuclear safeguards and other nonproliferation topics with the Kuwait National Nuclear Energy Committee (KNNEC). NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino and KNNEC's Secretary General, Dr. Ahmad Bishara, signed the memorandum at a ceremony at U.S. Department of Energy headquarters in Washington.

  16. Sustainable water resources development in Kuwait : an integrated approach with comparative analysis of the case of Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazerali, Nasruddin A

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis assesses the water resource status of Kuwait and Singapore, both countries considered as water scarce. The institutional aspect of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) efforts in both countries is closely ...

  17. An examination of the perceived need and recommended body of knowledge for architectural internship programs in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdullah, Mohammad

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    AN EXAMINATION OF THE PERCEIVED NEED AND RECOMMENDED BODY OF KNOWLEDGE FOR ARCHITECTURAL INTERNSHIP PROGRAMS IN KUWAIT A Dissertation by MOHAMMAD ABDULLAH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A... INTERNSHIP PROGRAMS IN KUWAIT A Dissertation by MOHAMMAD ABDULLAH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair...

  18. Emission factors for particles, elemental carbon, and trace gases from the Kuwait oil fires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laursen, K.K.; Ferek, R.J.; Hobbs, P.V. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Rasmussen, R.A. [Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology, Beaverton, OR (United States)

    1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Emission factors are presented for particles, elemental carbon (i.e., soot), total organic carbon in particles and vapor, and for various trace gases from the 1991 Kuwait oil fires. Particle emissions accounted for {approximately} 2% of the fuel burned. In general, soot emission factors were substantially lower than those used in recent {open_quotes}nuclear winter{close_quotes} calculations. Differences in the emissions and appearances of some of the individual fires are discussed. Carbon budget data for the composite plumes from the Kuwait fires are summarized; most of the burned carbon in the plumes was in the form of CO{sub 2}. Fluxes are presented for several combustion products. 26 refs., 1 fig., 5 tabs.

  19. Contacts at Regional Coordination Offices West Africa Bassirou Bonfoh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Mira Arynova Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan mira.arynova@ucentralasia.org www.nccr-central-asia.org South Asia- Aletsch Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Thailand Laos Vietnam China (Yunnan Province) Cambodia

  20. Risky neighbors and co-ethnic groups : the political logic of fiscal grants in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jihyeon; Jeong, Jihyeon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Resistance in Inner Mongolia, China. Asian Ethnicity 12(Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia,in Tibet, Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia (Fravel, 2010; Dreyer,

  1. Farm-level bureaucrats in action (and inaction) : the distribution of veterinary services in Laos and Cambodia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ballard, Brett M

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, I analyze several dimensions of the institutional environment that govern contractual exchange between veterinary service providers and farmers in Laos and Cambodia. I hypothesize that the negotiation, ...

  2. MEW Efforts in Reducing Electricity and Water Consumption in Government and Private Sectors in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Tayar, I.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ,154 Achievements from Energy Audit Program Building Year Peak Power Reduction (%) Energy Saving (%) MEW and MPW buildings in South Surra 2004 38 20 Public Authority for Civil Information 2004 5 12 Al-Fanar Shopping Mall 2004 15 8 Peak Power Reduction...W. ? In 1949, the first power generation plant was established in Merghab with a total capacity of 60 kW. ? In 1951, Kuwait established the General Department of Electricity and then the Ministry of Electricity & Water in 1961. ? < 1925 - rain water...

  3. Implementation of Smart Operation Strategies for Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems for Ministries Complex in the State of Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Mulla, A.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Al-Nakib, D.; Ishaqali, H.

    The smart operation strategies were implemented for Air-Conditioning (A/C) and lighting systems to reduce the national load at Ministries Complex (MC) in the state of Kuwait. The A/C system in MC is a district cooling system that comprises of 8...

  4. Women Weaving Well-Being: The Social Reproduction of Health in Laos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lundberg, Kristin V.

    2008-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Neua??????151 2. Noises and Activities of the Morning??????...152 3. The Day Goes On??????????????..157 4. Evening and Day End????????????...158 C. Basics of Daily Living????????????????.160 1. Water???????????????????.161 2. Houses... as a primary resource for socially reproducing health. I also examine necessities for life such as water, food, and shelter, and describe daily activities that effectively utilize them. My second research objective is to understand Lao handweaving...

  5. The microstructure and rheology of a model, thixotropic nanoparticle gel under steady shear and large amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Min Kim, Jung; Kate Gurnon, A.; Wagner, Norman J., E-mail: wagnernj@udel.edu [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and Center for Neutron Science, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States); Eberle, Aaron P. R. [NIST Center for Neutron Research, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Porcar, Lionel [NIST Center for Neutron Research, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 and Institut Laue-Langevin, BP 156, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France)

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The microstructure-rheology relationship for a model, thermoreversible nanoparticle gel is investigated using a new technique of time-resolved neutron scattering under steady and time-resolved large amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS) flows. A 21 vol. % gel is tested with varying strength of interparticle attraction. Shear-induced structural anisotropy is observed as butterfly scattering patterns and quantified through an alignment factor. Measurements in the plane of flow show significant, local anisotropy develops with alignment along the compressional axis of flow, providing new insights into how gels flow. The microstructure-rheology relationship is analyzed through a new type of structure-Lissajous plot that shows how the anisotropic microstructure is responsible for the observed LAOS response, which is beyond a response expected for a purely viscous gel with constant structure. The LAOS shear viscosities are observed to follow the “Delaware-Rutgers” rule. Rheological and microstructural data are successfully compared across a broad range of conditions by scaling the shear rate by the strength of attraction, providing a method to compare behavior between steady shear and LAOS experiments. However, important differences remain between the microstructures measured at comparatively high frequency in LAOS experiments and comparable steady shear experiments that illustrate the importance of measuring the microstructure to properly interpret the nonlinear, dynamic rheological response.

  6. Petroleum prices and profits in the 90 days following the invasion of Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the third in the past 20 years the world has experienced an interruption in the flow of oil from the Persian Gulf. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990, and shut down of Kuwait oil production capacity followed by the United Nations boycott of Iraqi oil removed 8 percent of the world's oil supply. The result was a sharp increase in the process of crude oil and petroleum products. These events raised numerous questions about the performance of energy markets and energy firms. This report supplies a first answer for some of those questions. At the time this report was prepared the invasion has been in effect for 90 days. Not all the data is available to fully answer every question. Some issues can only be completely resolved after more time has passed in which the invasion and its effects have had an opportunity to be fully assimilated. This report was specifically requested by W. Henson Moore, Deputy Secretary of Energy as a way of supplying the American public with what could be said about the current situation. Rumors abound and mixconceptions have proliferated. This report strives to give a proper perspective on some of the more vexing issues which the invasion produced. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) has addressed many questions in this report. By the way of summary these are the 10 most most frequently asked questions and EIA's quick answers. The page references tell the reader where to look in the report for further explanation. These are not the only issues addressed and EIA hopes that readers will be able to satisfy their curiosity about their own questions within the pages of this report.

  7. Laos-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLao Institute forAbout

  8. Laos-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLao Institute

  9. Quantifying oxygen diffusion in ZnO nanobelt Jin Liu, Puxian Gao, Wenjie Mai, Changshi Lao, and Zhong L. Wanga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    Quantifying oxygen diffusion in ZnO nanobelt Jin Liu, Puxian Gao, Wenjie Mai, Changshi Lao A method is presented for quantifying oxygen diffusion behavior in a nanodevice fabricated using individual for several days, oxygen in air diffused into the nanobelt and significantly changed the conductivity

  10. Pacific Northwest Laboratory Gulfstream I measurements of the Kuwait oil-fire plume, July--August 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busness, K M; Hales, J M; Hannigan, R V; Thorp, J M; Tomich, S D; Warren, M J [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Al-Sunaid, A A [Saudi ARAMCO, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia); Daum, P H; Mazurek, M [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1991, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted a series of aircraft measurements to determine pollutant and radiative properties of the smoke plume from oil fires in Kuwait. This work was sponsored by the US Department emanating of Energy, in cooperation with several other agencies as part of an extensive effort coordinated by the World Meteorological Organization, to obtain a comprehensive data set to assess the characteristics of the plume and its environmental impact. This report describes field measurement activities and introduces the various data collected, but provides only limited analyses of these data. Results of further data analyses will be presented in subsequent open-literature publications.

  11. Coping with Change: Understanding Transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    KYRGYZSTAN TAJIKISTAN UZBEKISTAN K A Z A K H S T A N A F G H A N I S TA N PAKISTAN I R A N C H I N A T U R K M E N I S T A N R U S S I A UZBEKISTAN K A Z A K H S T A N KYRGYZSTAN TAJIKISTAN AZERBAIJAN KUWAIT, if not millennia, large parts of contemporary Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan were home

  12. The monetary approach to the balance of payments: The case of the oil-based, small, open, developing economies of Libya, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buzakuk, M.R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the determinants of foreign reserves flow in light of the oil-based small open economies of Libya, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia. The period of study encompasses the major oil price increases of the 1970s and early 1980s, which had led to the huge transfers of foreign exchanges towards these, among other, developing economies. The framework of analysis is basically a monetary approach to the balance of payments. This study is of both a theoretical and empirical nature. It utilizes the monetary forces in the domestic money market to derive a basic balance of payments (BOP) equation that explains the monetary nature of the balance of payments. The study found that the data from those countries support the monetary relationships as hypothesized by the monetary approach, especially the negative one-to-one relation between domestic credit (DC) and the BOP. Results from the simultaneous estimations of the BOP and DC reported better estimates than the single-equation model. Findings from the reaction function indicated that the monetary authorities of these oil-based economies were actively sterilizing the effect of foreign reserve flows. Findings supported the integrated market hypothesis in Kuwait and Libya, but not in the Saudi case.

  13. Wavelength-extended photovoltaic infrared photodetectors Yan-Feng Lao, P. K. D. D. P. Pitigala, A. G. Unil Perera, L. H. Li, S. P. Khanna, and E. H. Linfield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perera, A. G. Unil

    Wavelength-extended photovoltaic infrared photodetectors Yan-Feng Lao, P. K. D. D. P. Pitigala, A Publishing Articles you may be interested in Photovoltaic infrared detection with p-type graded barrier://scitation.aip.org/termsconditions. Downloaded to IP: 131.96.4.179 On: Mon, 31 Mar 2014 16:28:42 #12;Wavelength-extended photovoltaic infrared

  14. Seismic of the territory Toktogul reservoir, Kyrgyzstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamchybekov, Murataly; Yegemberdiyeva, Kuliya [Institute of Seismology of National Academy Science Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan)

    2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In connection with that this seismic in the territory of Naryn cascade maybe has its peculiarity in cludding in the territory Toktogul reservoir before of the building of the Toktogul dam, during of the building and after accordingly was decided to consider the seismic in this space of times. The arm of the present paper is estimation seismic of the territory Toktogul reservoir for different times: before of the building of the Toktogul dam (1960-1973), during its filling (1974-1980) and since start it's of the uninterruptedly exploitation to present time (1981-2006). The territory in that located the cascade of Naryn River is considered that seismic active in the Central part of the Tien Shan. The tectonic motions are become here intensity. The presence of the large faults is complicating significantly the seismic situation of the study region.

  15. Kyrgyzstan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii9969995°,I Jump to:Kumagai GumiKyleEconomies

  16. Probabilistic seismic risk of the territory of Bishkek city, Kyrgyzstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamchybekov, Murataly Pakirovich [Institute of Seismology of National Academy Science Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan)

    2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    For seismic risk analysis were gathered information about district's seismicity, tectonics, topography, and engineering--geotechnical conditions, which present in apartments, infrastructures and demographies. All of these informations are joined within the limits of GIS for father probabilistic evaluations from different losses levels from earthquake, and also definitions of effective arrangements by reaction. There were given analysis of obtained results with the purpose to take into the consideration and falling of seismic risk's levels.

  17. Kyrgyzstan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii9969995°,I Jump to:Kumagai GumiKyleEconomies in

  18. Daylighting systems for the Kuwait National Museum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahn, Byoungsoo

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    sky condition (Southeast gallery, 12:00 PM, Jun 21) .......................................................... 54 50 Iso-contour image under the clear sky and overcast sky condition (Southeast gallery, 12:00 PM, Jun 21...) .......................................................... 55 51 False color image under the clear sky and overcast sky condition (Southeast gallery, 12:00 PM, Dec 21).......................................................... 56 52 Iso-contour image under the clear sky and overcast sky...

  19. Kuwait: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMALTexas:Kuju Kanko Hotel GeothermalKumbaKurt

  20. Vientiane, Laos: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga,planningFlowmeter Logging Jump to:Vicksburg,VideoconWisconsin:

  1. Social disruption caused by tobacco growing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marty Otanez

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Central Asia (Almaty, Kyrgyzstan) 2008. 65. Internationalhealth care. 64, 65 Kyrgyzstan: Some schools have required

  2. WHO Technical Manual on Tobacco Tax Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, New Zealand, Papua Newonly Gambia Ghana Kenya Kyrgyzstan Malawi Nepal Papua New

  3. Muslim Women at a Crossroads: Gender and Development in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Cindy

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    8    Yr 2000  Yr 2008  Kyrgyzstan  Uzbekistan  Pakistan China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, the

  4. Cities, states, and trust networks: chapter 1 of Cities and States in World History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tilly, Charles

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan,now in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan) during the second century

  5. Explaining competitive currencies : domestic politics, international trade, and exchange rate valuation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pisa, Michael A.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guatemala Hungary Moldova US Kyrgyzstan Portugal PhilippinesTunisia Kazakhstan Egypt Kyrgyzstan Portugal Indonesia

  6. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uganda Tanzania Venezuela Kyrgyzstan Moldova Russia GeorgiaUganda Belarus Russia Kyrgyzstan Macedonia Nigeria Indonesia

  7. Review: How NGOs React: Globalization and Education Reform in the Caucasus, Central Asia, and Mongolia by Iveta Silova and Gita Steiner-Khamsi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuckman, Hugh E

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Teacher Training in Kyrgyzstan,” for example, the evaluationeducational program in Kyrgyzstan, the orientation targets a

  8. Uranium and other heavy metals in the plant-animal-human food chain near abandoned mining sites and structures in an American Indian community in northwestern New Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuel-Nakamura, Christine

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    area of Mailuu Su, Kyrgyzstan. Journal of Environmentwas undertaken in Mailuu Suu, Kyrgyzstan, by Vandenhove and

  9. Bookhagen -Curriculum Vitae -1 BODO BOOKHAGEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bookhagen, Bodo

    , south-central Chile, southeast Kyrgyzstan (Tien Shan) Landscape Evolution: Southeast Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyz

  10. Leviathan in the Tropics? : environment, state capacity, and civil conflict in the developing world

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hendrix, Cullen Stevenson

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan)Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania,

  11. USAID Regional Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Collaborative Research Support (CRSP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biolaboratory, Kyrgyzstan - Advisory Training Center of Rural Advisory Services (ATC-RAS), Kyrgyzstan - Agricultural Extension Training Center (TES), Osh, Kyrgyzstan - Tacis/SITAF, Kulob, Kyrgyzstan - International centers (IARCs), and NGOs from Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan attended this Forum

  12. Ecologically-based Integrated Pest Management Packages for Food Security Crops in Central Asia Michigan State University, University of California-Davis, Kansas State University, University of Chicago, ICARDA, AVRDC, CGIAR-PFU, and University of Central A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    focus countries: Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan The Central Asia regional IPM Collaborative Research Center (TAIC), Kyrgyzstan · Kyrgyz Agrarian University · Kyrgyzstan Ministry of Agri- culture, Water Resources and Processing Industry · Agro-Lead NGO, Kyrgyzstan · Aga Khan Foundation - Kyrgyzstan

  13. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 26/03/2014 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .19 Ukraine 55 25 33.24 United Arab Emirates 1 0 0.13 United Kingdom 279 47 125.13 United Republic of Tanzania.50 Kenya 36 12 43.07 Kuwait 3 1 0.66 Kyrgyzstan 1 0 0.46 Lebanon 9 3 4.24 Lesotho 1 0 0.46 Libyan Arab.94 Syrian Arab Republic 6 0 9.63 Thailand 14 6 4.77 the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 8 3 15.88 Togo

  14. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ireland Israel Italy — V Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan LatviaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia LithuaniaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania

  15. Explaining ratification of human rights treaties : signaling for aid during regional crises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Heather Michelle

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    483. Anderson, John. 1999. Kyrgyzstan: Central Asia’s IslandUnderstanding Politics in Kyrgyzstan,” Demstar Researchin Central Asia: Elections in Kyrgyzstan 1989-1990,” Europe-

  16. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    not reported Kazakhstan None Kyrgyzstan Latvia LithuaniaItaly Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania LuxembourgItaly Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg

  17. Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wengle, Susanne Alice

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Property in Contemporary Kyrgyzstan." Post-Soviet AffairsProperty in Contemporary Kyrgyzstan," Post-Soviet AffairsProperty in Contemporary Kyrgyzstan." The literature on the

  18. Assessing the Exposure and Health Risks of Secondhand Smoke in Restaurants and Bars by Workers and Patrons & Evaluating the Efficacy of Different Smoking Policies in Beijing Restaurants and Bars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Ruiling

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kazakhstan* No Yes Yes Kyrgyzstan* No Yes Yes TurkmenistanAgbenyikey, 2010 Asia: Kyrgyzstan Vinnikov, 2010 Europe:n mean Americas Asia: Kyrgyzstan Jones, 2012 Vinnikov, 2010

  19. The Political Economy of Rule of Law in Middle-Income Countries: A Comparison of Eastern Europe and China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peerenboom, Randall

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Soviet republics. At one end, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, andgenerally similar for Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistanexcept for Kyrgyzstan's surprisingly high 42nd percentile

  20. How Can Child Labor Lead to an Increase in Human Capital of Child Laborers and What Are Policy Implications?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luong, Quoc Viet

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    52 APPENDIX 1: A STORY OF KYRGYZSTAN - CHILDREN LABOR TO PAYReport APPENDIX 1: A STORY OF KYRGYZSTAN - CHILDREN LABOR TOPAY SCHOOL FEES KYRGYZSTAN: Children labor to pay school

  1. Reforming the American Public Sphere: The Media Reform Models of Progressive Television Journalists in the Era of Internet Convergence and Neoliberalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish, Adam

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Winter 2008, UCLA 2007 Kyrgyzstan Participatory MediaSrinivasan, Summer 2007, Kyrgyzstan 2003 Yalahau HumanImplications Within Kyrgyzstan, with Ramesh Srinivasan,

  2. The political economy of labor market liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choung, Jinhee Lee

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with domestic production. Kyrgyzstan (1998), Taiwan (1999),Korea Croatia Tunisia Greece Kyrgyzstan Netherlands PakistanKorea Croatia Tunisia Greece Kyrgyzstan Netherlands Pakistan

  3. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan*, Latvia, Lebanon*,Italy — V Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania LuxembourgItaly Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg

  4. Music Circulation and Transmission in Tbilisi, Georgia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebald, Brigita

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Youth in Contemporary Kyrgyzstan. ” Central Asian Survey 29(Youth Spaces’ in Southern Kyrgyzstan. ” Central Asian SurveyYouth Culture in Southern Kyrgyzstan. ” Central Asian Survey

  5. Legislating for smoke-free workplaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1985), Kazakhstan (1996), Kyrgyzstan (1992), Latvia (1993),Not applicable C148 C155 Kyrgyzstan Latvia X Not applicableBan Ban Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg

  6. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    republic of croatia armenia kyrgyzstan republic of moldovapakistan egypt peru kyrgyzstan macedonia, republic of vietspain romania pakistan kyrgyzstan ireland bulgaria chile

  7. Increasing State Capacity Through Clans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Jr, Thomas Martin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, andstudy extends through Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistancause of state failure in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan due to

  8. Generational Politics: Narratives of Power in Central Asia's Visual Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khudonazar, Anaita

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kirgizstana. Fruzne: Kyrgyzstan, 1981. Print. Autalipov,of Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Kyrgyzstan. At the same timesocial groups about 1920-30s Kyrgyzstan. Kolkhoz women, for

  9. Constitutional Environment and Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    outcomes. Jamaica Korea (S) Kyrgyzstan Lithuania MadagascarIsrael Jamaica Korea (S) Kyrgyzstan Lithuania MadagascarIsrael Jamaica Korea (S) Kyrgyzstan Lithuania Madagascar

  10. International Migration and Human Rights: The Global Repercussions of U.S. Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martínez, Samuel

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guinea, Guyana, Honduras, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Mali, Mexico,including Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan,ee to Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, where there are large

  11. Drunk On Oil: Russian Foreign Policy 2000-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brugato, Thomas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan isArmenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan upgradedTajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan is formed. 9 2

  12. Making migration safer Policy Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    : India, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Pakistan #12;.......................... Remittance economies in Asia Migration

  13. LAND RESOURCES AND HOUSEHOLD STRATEGIES IN A CHANGED SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT -SOKOLUK RIVER BASIN (TIEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    BASIN (TIEN SHAN, KYRGYZSTAN) Jyldyz Shigaeva (International University of Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek), Almaz Shanazarov (International University of Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek), Michael Kollmair (Department of GeographyD study at the International University of Kyrgyzstan in Bishkek funded by the National Centre

  14. Improving Operational Strategies of an Institutional Building in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ragom, F.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and lab/office equipment. The base consumption of the building was found to be 800 MWh per month. This amount was being consumed regularly throughout the year, and it represented the minimum consumption of the winter months. By inspecting the building... consumption of the side lamps assuming an average lamp rating of 60W and that they are used 5 days a week for 7.5 hours per day will be 11 MWh/year. To change the employees habits with regards to utilization of lighting system, the third strategy...

  15. Conceptual Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminal design for Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljeeran, Fares

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This research study investigated a new conceptual design for a modular structural configuration incorporating storage for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) within the base of the platform structure. The structure, referred to as a modified gravity base...

  16. The life cycle assessment of concrete manufacturing in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El Mostafa, Mayce (Mayce A.)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Concrete is the second most widely used material in the world after water. Annually 9,120 million tons of concrete are produced, which is an equivalent of 1.3 tons of concrete per individual. As the world's primary ...

  17. Energy Conservation Program in Kuwait: A Local Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajiah, A. E.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    power demand and over 50% of annual energy consumption. The Ministry of Energy has to meet the growing demand for electricity by building new power plants that require high investments. This paper highlights the advancement in the Energy Conservation... the fuel consumption at the power plants and will indeed result in less emission of Carbon Dioxide and better environment. Key words: energy efficiency, air-conditioning, control strategies, thermal storage, greenhouse gas emission. 1...

  18. Conceptual Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminal design for Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljeeran, Fares

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This research study investigated a new conceptual design for a modular structural configuration incorporating storage for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) within the base of the platform structure. The structure, referred to ...

  19. U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Kuwait | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2, 2015 -Helicopter Accident atConference | Department of

  20. NREL: Technology Transfer - Kuwait Visitors Interested in NREL Solar and

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy: Grid IntegrationReport Available for DownloadHydrogenGeothermal

  1. Essays on International Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cravino, Javier Pablo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Italy Japan Kenya Korea Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania MalawiItaly Japan Kenya Korea Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Malawi

  2. Regulatory Science in a Developing State: Environmental Politics in Chile, 1980-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barandiaran, Javiera

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a gold mine in Kumtor, Kyrgyzstan, owned by another Toronto-projects/kumtor-gold-mine-kyrgyzstan. It is an interesting

  3. Protesting America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Katharine H. S.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Turkey, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan as well as South Korea into Kaiserslautern, Germany; to Kyrgyzstan, which houses the

  4. Differential Item Functioning: The Consequence of Language, Curriculum, or Culture?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Xiaoting

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Uzbek version from Kyrgyzstan; the deviation: the AzeriKyrgyz version from Kyrgyzstan; the Russian version from

  5. Oil and gas resources of the Fergana Basin (Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, and Kyrgyzstan)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This analysis is part of the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA`s) Foreign Energy Supply Assessment Program (FESAP). This one for the Fergana Basin is an EIA first for republics of the former Soviet Union (FSU). This was a trial study of data availability and methodology, resulting in a reservoir-level assessment of ultimate recovery for both oil and gas. Ultimate recovery, as used here, is the sum of cumulative production and remaining Proved plus Probable reserves as of the end of 1987. Reasonable results were obtained when aggregating reservoir-level values to the basin level, and in determining general but important distributions of across-basin reservoir and fluid parameters. Currently, this report represents the most comprehensive assessment publicly available for oil and gas in the Fergana Basin. This full report provides additional descriptions, discussions and analysis illustrations that are beneficial to those considering oil and gas investments in the Fergana Basin. 57 refs., 22 figs., 6 tabs.

  6. Oil and gas resources of the Fergana basin (Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, and Kyrgyzstan). Advance summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA), in cooperation with the US Geological Survey (USGS), has assessed 13 major petroleum producing regions outside of the United States. This series of assessments has been performed under EIA`s Foreign Energy Supply Assessment Program (FESAP). The basic approach used in these assessments was to combine historical drilling, discovery, and production data with EIA reserve estimates and USGS undiscovered resource estimates. Field-level data for discovered oil were used for these previous assessments. In FESAP, supply projections through depletion were typically formulated for the country or major producing region. Until now, EIA has not prepared an assessment of oil and gas provinces in the former Soviet Union (FSU). Before breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Fergana basin was selected for a trial assessment of its discovered and undiscovered oil and gas. The object was to see if enough data could be collected and estimated to perform reasonable field-level estimates of oil and gas in this basin. If so, then assessments of other basins in the FSU could be considered. The objective was met and assessments of other basins can be considered. Collected data for this assessment cover discoveries through 1987. Compared to most other oil and gas provinces in the FSU, the Fergana basin is relatively small in geographic size, and in number and size of most of its oil and gas fields. However, with recent emphasis given to the central graben as a result of the relatively large Mingbulak field, the basin`s oil and gas potential has significantly increased. At least 7 additional fields to the 53 fields analyzed are known and are assumed to have been discovered after 1987.

  7. Laos-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind Energy Development Jump to:Wave Power

  8. China Lao Gaixian Wind L P | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergy Offshore Place: SpainGuajirugroSolar company Jump

  9. Laos-Forest Investment Program (FIP) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKoreaLaor Batteries Ltd Jump to:

  10. The European tobacco control report 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in CIS countries such as Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan: in 2005Survey, Kazakhstan. Kyrgyzstan Data for 2001 Definition:Tobacco Use Prevalence in Kyrgyzstan, 2005. Latvia 30.1 Data

  11. Previous Research constrained

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    in Kyrgyzstan tend to be symmetrical and emphasize reciprocity. Design Ethnography for Mobile Social Software and cultural importance of informal family and friend networks in the country of Kyrgyzstan. Why Kyrgyzstan

  12. Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krickovic, Andrej

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a major airbase in Kant Kyrgyzstan that is located less thanBelarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and TajikistanStar On Rise Again In Kyrgyzstan”, Radio Free Europe-Radio

  13. Russophonia: Towards a Transnational Conception of Russian-Language Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caffee, Naomi Beth

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    University, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, May 24–5, 2012. http://Culture and Power in Kyrgyzstan. Central Eurasia in Context.Chingiz Aitmatov of Kyrgyzstan, and Bakhytzhan Kanap’ianov

  14. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania,I Data not reported Kazakhstan None Kyrgyzstan LatviaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania

  15. Tobias Bolch Rezenter Gletscherschwund und Klimawandel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolch, Tobias

    Tobias Bolch Rezenter Gletscherschwund und Klimawandel im nördlichen Tien Shan (Kasachstan/Kyrgyzstan). Sie befinden sich im kontinentalen Bereich des südlichen Ka- sachstans an der Grenze zu Kyrgyzstan

  16. 2011 Korean Government Scholarship Program Guideline for International Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auckland, University of

    Taipei, Belgium, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, New Zealand, Nigeria, Panama, Peru, Poland, Republic of South Africa, Romania

  17. 81921Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 249 / Wednesday, December 29, 2010 / Rules and Regulations 252.2257044 Balance of Payments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, or Uzbekistan. ``SC/CASA state construction material'' means, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, or Uzbekistan. SC/CASA state construction

  18. Bildung als Mittel sozialen Aufstiegs und gesellschaftlichen Fortschritts Education as a means of social advancement and societal progress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    / by Ursula Kocher Aufwachsen in Kirgisistan Growing up in Kyrgyzstan von / by Doris Bühler Kindheitsforschung Aufwachsen in Kirgisistan A sociological childhood research project: Growing up in Kyrgyzstan von

  19. The Post-Soviet Development of Elite-Level Athletics in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silecky, Matej

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    athletes/nation=kazakhstan/index.html.   “Browse Olympic Committee, Republic of Kazakhstan. ” Accessed October 17, Browse Olympic Athletes:  Kazakhstan; NBC Olympics. ” 

  20. The Post-Soviet Development of Elite-Level Athletics in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silecky, Matej

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    like ski areas and ice rinks that are  uncommon in Central a federation, including an ice rink in  the country and a 

  1. IPM packages deliver food security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    living in poverty in Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and the surrounding area. Ecologically-based IPM

  2. UNESCO MANUAL 23 November 2009 page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Syrian Arab Republic Belarus Kazakhstan Trinidad and Tobago Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Kyrgyzstan

  3. Low Light Imaging for Power Outage and Fire Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    = green 2003 = red Kazakhstan Tajikhstan Afghanistan Uzbekistan Turkmenistan Kyrgyzstan #12;1992 = blue

  4. Central Asia Regional IPM CRSP Project Report: October 2006-March 2007 Submitted by: Dr. K. Maredia and Dr. D. Baributsa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Facilities for Plant Protection in Kyrgyzstan. Laboratory research conducted in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan established in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan to test 12 known native plants that have the potential to provide to natural enemies of pests in Tajikistan, whereas five were most attractive in Kyrgyzstan. Dr. Saidov led

  5. Shape Your Future BaSed on Your

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Georgia and Kyrgyzstan. Some intriguing research projects that our students have worked on include: n

  6. OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BELARUS UZBEKISTAN KYRGYZSTAN CRO. HERZ. (NORWAY) Svalbard FY R OM* SER. KAZAKHSTAN Black Sea Barents Sea

  7. Shock Therapy in Poland: Perspectives of Five Years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 1992; Mongolia, since 1991; Kyrgyzstan, 1993. In addition I have led several cross-country studies

  8. Characterisation of CTX-M-?-lactamases in enterobacteriaceaeae in hospitals in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almaraghi, Norya

    2013-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Introduction: In this decade, the CTX-M family of enzymes are considered to be the most common type of extended-spectrum ?-lactamases (ESBLs). The production of these Class A ?-lactamases are noted to be most prevalent ...

  9. Social and Economic Challenges of Implementing Sustainable Materials on Buildings in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Foraih, R.; Al-Fahad, F.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    management and occupant cooperation. This raises challenges when requiring cooperation from building occupants and cleaning staff for the solid waste management credits which require dedication to reduce the amount of waste going to landfills and incinerating...

  10. MEW Efforts in Reducing Electricity and Water Consumption in Government and Private Sectors in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Tayar, I.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and shallow wells ? 1925 - 1951 - water imported from Shatt Al-Arab, Iraq ? 1951 - public water supply service established and managed by the State ? 1951 - KOC installs a small desalination plant ? 1960 - discovery of fresh water at Al...-Raudhatain ? 1970 - to date - rapid increase of desalination capacity Historical Background - Water Electricity Generation and Water Desalination No . Power Station Establishe d Electricity Generation Water Production Year Million kW Million emperor...

  11. The Influence of Air-Conditioning Efficiency in the Peak Load Demand for Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, A. A.; Maheshwari, G. P.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in reduction in peak load demand and savings of KD 2,301 million in capital expenditures are possible for the years between 2001 and 2025 if the PR of AC systems are improved to 1.2 kW/RT from its present level of 2.0 kW/RT. Also, it is estimated that extent...

  12. The Influence of Air-Conditioning Efficiency in the Peak Load Demand for Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, A. A.; Maheshwari, G. P.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) The annual savings realized in peak load demand and cost of electric power generation and distribution network ( ) due to this revision are: nPRSAV PL ,, n,PR SAV nPRACACnPRAC PLPLPL ,,,, ?=? (4) 400*000,1* ,,, nPRACnPR PLSAV...

  13. Radiological Conditions in Areas of Kuwait with Residues of Depleted Uranium RADIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    Under the terms of Article III of its Statute, the IAEA is authorized to establish standards of safety for protection against ionizing radiation and to provide for the application of these standards to peaceful nuclear activities. The regulatory related publications by means of which the IAEA establishes safety standards and measures are issued in the IAEA Safety Standards Series. This series covers nuclear safety, radiation safety, transport safety and waste safety, and also general safety (that is, of relevance in two or more of the four areas), and the categories within it are Safety Fundamentals, Safety Requirements and Safety Guides. Safety Fundamentals (blue lettering) present basic objectives, concepts and principles of safety and protection in the development and application of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. Safety Requirements (red lettering) establish the requirements that must be met to ensure safety. These requirements, which are expressed as ‘shall ’ statements, are governed by the objectives and principles presented in the Safety Fundamentals. Safety Guides (green lettering) recommend actions, conditions or procedures for meeting safety requirements. Recommendations in Safety Guides are expressed as ‘should ’ statements, with the implication that it is necessary to take the measures recommended or equivalent alternative measures to comply with the requirements. The IAEA’s safety standards are not legally binding on Member States but may be adopted by them, at their own discretion, for use in national regulations in respect of their own activities. The standards are binding on the IAEA in relation to its own operations and on States in relation to operations assisted by the IAEA. Information on the IAEA’s safety standards programme (including editions in languages other than English) is available at the IAEA Internet site www.iaea.org/ns/coordinet

  14. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman Meets with U.S. Troops in Kuwait |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCO OverviewRepository |Complex"Department of Energy BodmanDepartment

  15. Laos-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKoreaLaor Batteries Ltd Jump to:Developing and

  16. Laos-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKoreaLaor Batteries Ltd Jump to:Developing

  17. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 7, 09200, 2005 SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU05-A-09200

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolch, Tobias

    Geosciences Union 2005 Glacier Retreat and Climate Change in Northern Tien Shan (Kazakhstan/Kyrgyzstan and Kyrgyzstan. The mountain ranges rise up in the north from the Kazkh Steppe at an altitude of about 800 m asl

  18. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 41 (2006) 663689 www.elsevier.com/locate/ympev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Nadir

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    University, Bishkek 720000, Kievskaya Street 44, Kyrgyzstan Received 2 February 2006; revised 19 May 2006 and tetraploids from Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan where green toads exemplify vertebrate genomic plasticity. A new

  19. Abgrenzung schuttbedeckter Gletscher aus Satellitenbildern unter Verwendung morphometrischer Parameter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolch, Tobias

    nördlichen Tien Shan (Kasachstan/Kyrgyzstan) und des Everest-Massivs (Nepalesischer Himalaja) vorgestellt Shan (Kazakhstan/Kyrgyzstan) and of the Mt.-Everest-area (Nepalese Himalaya) are presented

  20. Central Asia IPM CRSP Project Phase II Year 1 Work Plan (October 1, 2009 September 30, 2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    surveys in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan for wheat, tomato and potato. This will gather baseline (IPM CRSP Kyrgyzstan), Carlo Carli (CIP), George Bird, Walter Pett, David Douches, Willy Kirk from MSU

  1. Coping with changing water resources: The case of the Syr Darya river basin in Central Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffel, Markus

    valve to the entire Syr Darya river system, the Toktogul reservoir in Kyrgyzstan could take over more than four million square kilometres, the post-Soviet states of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan

  2. Tools and Technology Article Assessing Estimators of Snow Leopard Abundance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Community Business Forum, per. Pozharskogo d. 1 Bishkek, 720035, Kyrgyzstan ABSTRACT The secretive nature of Kyrgyzstan and China. During June­December 2005, adjusted sign averaged 46.3 (SaryChat), 94.6 (Jangart

  3. 17 System Dynamics in Transdisciplinary Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    in Kyrgyzstan, we illustrate how the use of system dynamics helped to deal with the complexity of the problems management; Kyrgyzstan. #12;Research for Sustainable Development: Foundations, Experiences, and Perspectives

  4. MATCHING IMAGE FEATURE STRUCTURES USING SHOULDER ANALYSIS METHOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kovalerchuk, Boris

    at them. Consider the two satellite images of a lake in Kyrgyzstan in Fig. 1. Fig. 1. Two images of the lake Sonkyl in Kyrgyzstan. Feature extraction programs can be used to construct numerous polylines

  5. Stefan Salzmann Migration for education: Studying abroad and return to the home country.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    migration for education and therewith of overall migration issues regarding post-soviet Kyrgyzstan-structured interviews with post graduates between one and to five years after they had returned to Kyrgyzstan. While

  6. Literature Cited, References, Appendices 179 Appendix A: Notes on Basins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    in the Pamir moun- tain region (CIA, 1998; IBRU, 1999). Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan have a territorial dispute regarding their boundary in the Isfara Valley area (CIA, 1998). Atrak -- Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan have

  7. It's time to control brucellosis in Central Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    . Photo: J. Zinsstag (Right) Milk cream separator in Kyrgyzstan. Unpasteurised dairy products are a health decrease the number of cases in humans. Case studies featured here were conducted in: Kyrgyzstan #12

  8. 14 Managing Water in a Dynamic Setting: The Challenges of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    carried out mainly in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan between 2002 and 2008, and anchors them in a broader- formation economy; climate change; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Central Asia. #12;Global Change and Sustainable

  9. Increasing State Capacity Through Clans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Jr, Thomas Martin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Moldova, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan”. World Bank Report. kazakhstan/>. EIU (EconomistAsian countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,

  10. Transit time distributions in Lake Issyk-Kul Darryn W. Waugh,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FCClF2) in Lake Issyk- Kul, Kyrgyzstan [Vollmer et al., 2002] to determine the mean, À, and standard

  11. OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .RUS. BULGARIA CZ.REP. SLO. SLOV. AUS. BOS. & GEORGIA ROMANIA UKRAINE BELARUS UZBEKISTAN KYRGYZSTAN CRO. HERZ

  12. 145H. Kreutzmann (ed.), Pastoral practices in High Asia, Advances in Asian Human-Environmental Research, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-3846-1_8,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    -Environmental Research, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-3846-1_8, Abstract Based on a case study in rural Kyrgyzstan, this chapter-pastoralism · Pastures · Uncertainty · Livelihoods · Diversification · Forum shopping · Kyrgyzstan 8.1 Introduction Kyrgyzstan Bernd Steimann © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012 #12;146 B. Steimann react

  13. 16 NaturalResourceInstitutions inTransformation:TheTragedy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    -Soviet Kyrgyzstan. Two main trends have characterised the management of water, agricultural land and pastures since; decentralisation; water; agricultural land; pastures; Kyrgyzstan. #12;Global Change and Sustainable Development 256 North-South perspectives 16.1 Introduction Privatisation and decentralisation in Kyrgyzstan have altered

  14. Development and Delivery of Ecologically-based IPM Packages in Central Asia Central Asia Regional IPM Program Year 3 Work plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /World Vegetable Center Potato IPM Package Dr. Murat Aitmatov, IPM CRSP Coordinator/Research Fellow, Kyrgyzstan Dr countries include Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. The technical objectives of the Central Asia and technologies for IPM packages for wheat, potatoes and tomatoes in three host countries (Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan

  15. Directory of Integrated Pest Specialists and Stakeholders in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Transforming Lives #12;KYRGYZSTAN Murat Aitmatov Advisory Training Centre (ATC) of Rural Advisory Services (RAS) 720022, Bishkek, ax: 996-312-682027 43/1 Grajdanskaya St., Kyrgyzstan F E-mail: atc@atc.org.kg Barakanova K Phone: 996-312-647638 Bekboeva Rosa, Ph.D Agrarian Un Bishkek, St., Suerkulova- Kyrgyzstan W Home

  16. Ground-based validation of EOS-Aura OMI NO2 vertical column data in the midlatitude mountain ranges of Tien Shan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Tien Shan (Kyrgyzstan) and Alps (France) D. V. Ionov,1,2 Y. M. Timofeyev,1 V. P. Sinyakov,3 V. K-visible instruments for NO2 vertical column measurements have been operating at Issyk-Kul station, in Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyzstan) and Alps (France), J. Geophys. Res., 113, D15S08, doi:10.1029/2007JD008659. 1. Introduction [2

  17. Annual Report FY 2010-11 October 1, 2010 to September 30, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IPM Package: Dr. Murat Aitmatov, IPM CRSP Coordinator/Research Fellow, Kyrgyzstan Dr. David Douches and Kyrgyzstan. The technical objectives of the Central Asia Regional IPM Program are: 1. Develop ecologically countries (Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan). The IPM packages include a range of methods, tools

  18. Social Research Center American University of Central Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Social Research Center American University of Central Asia KYRGYZSTAN TODAY Policy briefs on CIVIL Kyrgyzstan Today Policy Briefs on Civil Society, Migration, Islam and Corruption ­ B.: 2008. ­ 174 p. ISBN in the political and socio-economic aspects of development of Kyrgyzstan. The opinions of the authors may

  19. Limnol. Oceanogr., 47(4), 2002, 12101216 2002, by the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aeschbach-Hertig, Werner

    and Oceanography, Inc. Rapid deep-water renewal in Lake Issyk-Kul (Kyrgyzstan) indicated by transient tracers, and the chlorofluorocarbons CFC-11 and CFC-12 were measured in Lake Issyk-Kul, a large, deep lake in Kyrgyzstan. Apparent in the Tien Shan mountains of northeast Kyrgyzstan. With a water volume of 1,740 km3 and a maximum depth

  20. November 20, 2009 The Orange Revolution: Five Years Since

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    ) and Kyrgyzstan (2005). "It is tempting to lump them all together, but these revolutions have some important in Kyrgyzstan there was some low-level violence and looting. All three revolutions took place during-building, and ended up with neither after the conflict in 2008." Kyrgyzstan also failed to democratize--the leadership

  1. Central Asia Regional IPM CRSP Project Report: October 2007-March 2008 Submitted by: Dr. K. Maredia and Dr. D. Baributsa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    conducted in laboratories in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. The reproduction cycle of predatory mites has been conducted in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan to assess the effectiveness of predatory mites in colonizing spider control in cotton fields in the Andijan region (Uzbekistan) and Osh region (Kyrgyzstan) resulted

  2. Dedicated to my late grandfather Making a Living in Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    and Institutional Transformations in Post-Socialist Rural Kyrgyzstan Bernd Steimann Human Geography Series in Post-Socialist Rural Kyrgyzstan / Bernd Steimann ­ Bishkek and Zurich, 2011. (Human Geography Series Printhouse, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan Cover design: Martin Steinmann Layout: Bernd Steimann Cover photo: Yak herder

  3. Central Asia IPM CRSP 2008-09 Annual Report 1 Ecologically-Based Participatory and Collaborative Research and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Uzbekistan), and Dr. Murat Aitmatov (Kyrgyzstan) International Collaborators: Dr. Mustapha Bouhssini, ICARDA Host Countries: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan #12;Central Asia IPM CRSP 2008-09 Annual Report 2 into existing farming systems in various agro- ecological zones of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan in collaboration

  4. Mobile Social Software for the Developing World Beth E. Kolko1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. This project, the Central Asia + Information of ways. To further explore this emerging trend, we conducted a design ethnography in Kyrgyzstan in July­2003 and in Kyrgyzstan in 2003­2004. The CAICT project designed the survey instrument and contracted the survey firm BRIF

  5. 14, rue Girardet, CS 4216, 54042, Nancy, FRANCE Thse, prsente par : Irina KOUPLEVATSKAYA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -distribution. A Theoretical Case Study in Kyrgyzstan La Participation des Acteurs d'un Processus de Reforme de la Politique Process: from Democracy Promotion to Power Re-distribution. A theoretical Case Study in Kyrgyzstan La to Power Re-distribution. A theoretical Case Study in Kyrgyzstan Irina KOUPLEVATSKAYA Doctoral applicant

  6. Anara Shakenovna Chakaeva, Senior Researcher Kyrgyz Research Institute of Livestock Breeding and Pastures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Pastures 275-54 Manaschu Sagunbaya Street Bishkek 720010 Kyrgyzstan Tel.: +996 (312) 656188; 996 (312 of Plant Protection Kyrgyzstan Scientific Institute of Livestock Breeding and Pastures 2012, Scientific-54 Manaschu Sagunbaya Street Bishkek 720010 Kyrgyzstan Tel.: +996 (312) 656188; 996 (312) 641981; 0778194276

  7. Nadia Schoch Migration and livestock farming: Competing or complementary livelihood strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    , Kyrgyzstan Summary The dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 led to the break down of a complex economic system and resulted in a huge economic crisis and rising poverty in Kyrgyzstan. As a consequence Kyrgyzstan or to Russia and Kazakhstan. Remittances sent to the remaining relatives have become an essential

  8. Video Resources Central Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    ://archive.org/details/central-asia · Kyrgyzstan: Crisis in Kyrgyzstan: Fuel, Contracts, and Revolution along the Afghan Supply Chain http://www.c-span.org/video/?24094-1/crisis-kyrgyzstan-fuel-contracts-revolution-along- afghan-supply-chain 2:58 Alex Cooley · Cotton

  9. IPM packages deliver food security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    living in poverty in Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and the surrounding area. Ecologically-based IPM Package for potato production in Kyrgyzstan Central Asia Integrated Pest Management Collaborative Research Support Program: Dr. Murat Aitmatov, IPM CRSP Coordinator/Research Fellow, Kyrgyzstan; Drs. George Bird

  10. Policy Message Internal migration can improve the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    with cities. In Kyrgyzstan, the passport registration system (propiska in Russian), which regulates internal, education, and health services. Kyrgyzstan is no exception to this phenomenon. A large number of migrants have moved from rural areas to urban areas, especially Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan's capital city and economic

  11. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 10, 647659, 2010 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/10/647/2010/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kääb, Andreas

    and recent regional changes in glacier lakes of the Teskey Ala-Too range, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan C. Narama1, M, Japan 2Department of Physical Geography, Kyrgyz National University, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan 3Department, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan Received: 20 August 2009 ­ Revised: 28 January 2010 ­ Accepted: 29 January 2010

  12. The effects of climate change and extreme weather events on land use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    in June 2009 ranked Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Albania as the"most vulnerable to climate change"of 28 countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The present policy brief examines Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan and Kyrgyzstan are especially vulnerable to the risks of climate change. Their widely degraded landscapes

  13. Development and Delivery of Ecologically-based IPM Packages in Central Asia Central Asia Regional IPM Program Year 2 Workplans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , IPM CRSP Coordinator, Kyrgyzstan Dr. George Bird, Michigan State University Dr. Walter Pett, Michigan countries include - Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. The technical objectives of the Central Asia. The current political situation in Kyrgyzstan and its impact in the region and travel restrictions imposed

  14. Migration and animal husbandry: Competing or complementary livelihood strategies.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Kyrgyzstan Nadia Schoch, Bernd Steimann and Susan Thieme Abstract Animal husbandry and labour migration; their interlinkages have rarely been examined. Based on a case study in rural Kyrgyzstan, the aim of this paper; Kyrgyzstan. 1. Introduction Processes of agrarian transformations within and across countries have changed

  15. Annual Report FY 2009-10 Oct0ber 1, 2009 to September 30, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Kyrgyzstan Dr. David Douches, Michigan State University Dr. George Bird, Michigan State University Dr. Walter in Central Asia. The three host countries include - Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. The technical in Kyrgyzstan and its impact in the region and travel restrictions imposed by the U.S. State Department have

  16. 9/10/2012 1 K. Anne Pyburn Curriculum Vitae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheiber, Laura L.

    of Ethnology and Archaeology, American University of Central Asia, Kyrgyzstan 1996-04 Associate Professor) and University Information Technology Services (UITS) Community Museums in Kyrgyzstan: New Frontiers Arts and Humanities Program $3500 2010-13 IPINCH: Community Museums in Kyrgyzstan $24,000 2010 The Chau Hiix Capstone

  17. Policy Messages How many students study abroad,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    the country need, and in which disciplines? Kyrgyzstan lacks adequate statistics on these questions. Kyrgyzstan should appropriately recognise foreign PhD degrees to encourage young highly qualified professionals to return to the country. Kyrgyzstan is suffering from a brain drain because many graduates

  18. INSTITUT FR ASIEN-UND AFRIKAWISSENSCHAFTEN ZENTRALASIEN-SEMINAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Achim

    INSTITUT FÜR ASIEN- UND AFRIKAWISSENSCHAFTEN ZENTRALASIEN-SEMINAR Kyrgyzstan today Youth services for women, migrants and youth in Kyrgyzstan Bolotkan Sydykanov Due to lack of information, education and financial resources, young women in the rural areas of Kyrgyzstan do not properly use health

  19. North-South Exchange Research in JACS ALPS Institutions and mechanisms regulating Swiss alpine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Alatoo, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan), Mrs Mira Arynova (Regional coordinator JACS Central Asia, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan), Dr. Claudia Zingerli (University of Zurich, TPP leader); and to Bernd Steimann (University represents only 1/5 of Kyrgyzstan in Central Asia and 1/30 of Mali in West Africa. Swiss citizens are subject

  20. Minor Field Studies No 353 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    -3237 Changing Land Rights, Changing Land Use: Privatisation Drives Landscape Change in Post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan as a consequence of privatisation of agriculture in Kyrgyzstan is based on fieldwork carried out during the summer, Switzerland, as well as CAMP, Central Asian Mountain Partnership, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Bo Lauri at Swedesurvey

  1. "Should I buy a cow or a Reflections on the conceptual framework of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    on a comparative study of international labour migration in Mexico, India and Kyrgyzstan Joint Working Paper (IP5 on a comparative study of international labour migration in Mexico, India and Kyrgyzstan Bichsel Christine family in India (Photo: Balz Strasser; (lower left): Teachers and wives of migrants in Kyrgyzstan (Photo

  2. Bosboom, R. E., Dupont-Nivet, G., Mandic, O., Proust, J. N., Ormukov, C., and Amminov, J., (accepted 2014), Late Eocene paleogeography of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    , S Kyrgyzstan and SW Tajikistan): Geological Society of London Special Publications, v. Darius Central Asia. #12;Late Eocene paleogeography of the Proto-Paratethys Sea in1 Central Asia (NW China, S Kyrgyzstan and SW of Seismology: Kyrgyz Republic Bishkek, Asanbay 52/1, 720060, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan11 f Institute of geology

  3. Per Diem (US$)/ (Akashi) 297

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Jordan) (Amman) 182 135 (Kuwait) 339 (Bahrain) 226 (Qatar) 187 (United Arab Emirates) (Abu Dhabi) 206

  4. Smokes from the oil fires following the Gulf War: A review and new perspectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radke, L.F.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Emissions resulting from the oil fires in Kuwait and environmental effects from those emissions are described.

  5. Volunteer Day Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    when you signed in: Benin Brazil Burkina Faso China Colombia Honduras Japan Jordan Korea Kuwait Libya

  6. Paintball Summer Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    France Iraq Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Netherlands Niger Peru Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Taiwan Thailand

  7. Thursday, February 9, 2012 ODU MODEL UN SOCIETY HOSTING 35TH ANNUAL HIGH SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and missions in Afghanistan, Botswana, the former Czechoslovakia, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Italy, Kuwait, Libya

  8. Lake Wauburg Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United

  9. La Chua Trail Immunization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mair, Bernard A.

    China Colombia Costa Rica Ecuador France Greece India Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Qatar Russia

  10. Pool Party TheELIWeekly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Dominican Republic Ecuador Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Nigeria Pakistan Qatar Saudi Arabia Senegal

  11. Halloween Birthdays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Korea Kuwait Libya Oman Paraguay Qatar Saudi Arabia Taiwan Turkey UAE Venezuela The Weekly Newsletter

  12. Polymer functionalized piezoelectric-FET as humidity/chemical nanosensors Chang Shi Lao, Qin Kuang, and Zhong L. Wanga ,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    in water at pH value of 7.5 is -21 mV, which means that the surface of ZnO NB was negatively charged Fig. 1 on piezoelectric field effect transistor PE-FET is demonstrated. The working principle of the PE-FET relies and harvesting energy from the environment for self-powered nanosystems.10 PE-FET and diodes12 that operate based

  13. VBF: Vector-Based Forwarding Protocol for Underwater Sensor Networks Peng Xie, Jun-Hong Cui, Li Lao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Jun-Hong

    important for various applications, such as oceanographic data collection, pollution detection, and marine latency in UWSNs. Acoustic channels (instead of RF channels) are used as the communication method since radio does not work well in water. The propagation speed of acoustic signals in water is about 1.5 Ã? 103

  14. Stylosanthes guianensis as a short-term fallow crop for improving upland rice productivity in northern Laos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Kessel, Chris

    ) to 83 days after rice sowing (DARS) in two experiments. In experiment 1, stylo was grown as a one of 55% when stylo was seeded at the same time as rice (0 DARS). When stylo was seeded later than 15 DARS

  15. au burkina faso: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CAMBODGE LAOS VIETNAM COLOMBIA KENYA SOUTH AFRICA BRAZIL CHILE THAILANDE BOLIVIE MAROC TUNISIE TANZANIE VENEZUELA CAMBODGE LAOS VIETNAM COLOMBIE KENYA AFRIQUE DU SUD 17 La...

  16. VIII. OBSERVATION WELLS TO MEET SPECIAL PERMIT CONDITIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guaje Canyon N Paja rito Canyon 0 10,000 ft5000 FCO-1 APCO-1 LAO-6A SCO-2 SCO-1 MCO-6B MCO-4B MCO-7A PCTH-1 WCM-3 WCM-2 WCM-1 MCO-6A MCO-4A LAO-3A LAO-4.5A LAO-4.5C LAO-4.5B 0 5000 10 000 hollow

  17. Drunk On Oil: Russian Foreign Policy 2000-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brugato, Thomas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nearby states (Uzbekistan in 2004, Kazakhstan and Belarus in2006, Armenia in 2006, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan in 2007,of Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and

  18. Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkanov, Boris

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Belorussia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, andSenior people from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,gas from Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan. With the

  19. Legislating for smoke-free workplaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1991), Ireland (1995), Kazakhstan (1996), Latvia (1994),1994), Italy (1985), Kazakhstan (1996), Kyrgyzstan (1992),applicable X C139 C148 Kazakhstan Not applicable C148 C155

  20. Explaining ratification of human rights treaties : signaling for aid during regional crises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Heather Michelle

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan,2001a. “The Economy of Kazakhstan,” in Central Asia:In September of 1993 Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,

  1. Renminbi Going Global

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, Yin-Wong

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    countries such as Cambodia, Mongolia, Russia, and Vietnam.including Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,billion circulating in Mongolia and Vietnam. The official

  2. International Oil and Gas Board International Oil and Gas Board...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ministry of Oil Kuwait City Kuwait http www moo gov kw Syrian Petroleum Company Syrian Petroleum Company Damascus Syria http www spc sy com en production activities1 en php...

  3. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    percent of the world’s oil reserves, additional leverage inin size. Kuwait’s oil reserves, while relatively large, onlyto offset Iraqi Proven oil reserves figures from Humphreys

  4. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Figure 5. Monthly oil production for Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait,day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq Kuwait Figure 6.and the peak in U.S. oil production account for the broad

  5. Redesign of Electrical Installations to Maximize the Use of Photo Voltaic (PV) Cells at the End Use of Consumers in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alatrash, J.; Mhaisen, N.; Ismail, Z.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new idea of redesigning the electrical installations inside residential premises is presented in this paper. The idea is based on having two separate circuits' installations. The first is A.C circuit which can be served ...

  6. Redesign of Electrical Installations to Maximize the Use of Photo Voltaic (PV) Cells at the End Use of Consumers in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alatrash, J.; Mhaisen, N.; Ismail, Z.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) Photovoltaic PV 2010 1900 2 20 Photovoltaic PV2020 900 2 20 Table 2 gives the current price of Photovoltaic for Crystalline Silicon and Thin Films/Concentrators, while the price will be much reduced in the year 2020 as a result of using Thin Films... system was to meet a maximum demand load of 9710 MW in the year 2008, then the cost of one KW load was 19 475 /9710= 2005 US$/KW. By comparing this cost with the expected PV Photovoltaic in 2010 -given in Table 2 ? it is seems that the conventional...

  7. Quick View Table 1: Enrollment by Degree or Program Type Intensive English (INTO OSU)1142 INTO OSU 1142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    Count 109 Kuwait Cultural Office56 Sultanate Of Oman Count84 Saudi Arabia ARAMCO31 Iran Count 77 Libyan

  8. Prof. Cauligi (Raghu) Raghavendra Vice Dean for Global Academic Initiatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Chongwu

    and Turkey ­ DEN Opportunities: Kuwait Oil Company, Aviation Safety in IFEZ, Korea, PEMEX and UNAM in Mexico

  9. Agreements --Asia 51 52 Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    .02 Kyrgyzstan 111,700 9.07 Afghanistan 104,900 8.52 Turkmenistan 70,000 5.68 China 1,900 0.15 Pakistan 200 0 of the region March 26, 1993 Amu Darya, Aral Sea, Syr Darya Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikstan; Turkmenistan

  10. P. Dillenbourg and M. Specht (Eds.): EC-TEL 2008, LNCS 5192, pp. 132143, 2008. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Bra, Paul

    LAOS and AHAM separate adaptation and content in different layers. Systems like AHA!, offer graphical adaptive material. There exist several Adaptive Hypermedia refer- ence models like AHAM [24] and LAOS [7 a generali- zation of the AHAM model [

  11. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coal Products ( 0 Exports Imports Laos Lebanon Libya Liechtenstein Macau Malaysia Mauritius Mexico Mongolia (Outer) Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New

  12. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  13. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  14. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  15. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  16. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  17. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  18. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  19. Essays on the politics of regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weymouth, Stephen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran Israel Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait KyrgyzHungary Tajikistan Romania Kazakhstan Senegal Czech RepublicBosnia and Herzegovina Kazakhstan Turkey Poland Belarus

  20. Stumbling Toward Capitalism: The State, Global Production Networks, and the Unexpected Emergence of China's Independent Auto Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Crystal Whai-ku

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brazil, Ecuador, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan,shares are concentrated in Kazakhstan, Sudan, Venezuela, andIraq, Kuwait, Libya and Kazakhstan (Jiang and Sinton 2011:

  1. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guyana Indonesia Jordan Kazakhstan Kyrgyz Republic Laoof Iraq Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Macedonia, FYR MaldivesJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea Kuwait Kyrgyz

  2. ancylus lake age: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 46 Mirror Lake...

  3. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kuwait, Madagascar, Montenegro, Myanmar, Niger, Norway,Luxembourg Malta Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway PolandLuxembourg Malta Monaco 7 Montenegro Netherlands Norway

  4. arabian incense bakhour: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    monsoon Jensen, Tommy 103 This paper provides the first estimates of SGD to the Kuwait coastline in the Arabian Gulf. Seawater evaporation leads to density driven exchange...

  5. anoxic mining-impacted lake: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day at the North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 45...

  6. air museum regional: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the smallest influence of fossil Krakauer, Nir Y. 50 Daylighting systems for the Kuwait National Museum Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: Daylight in Museums...

  7. anoxic hypersaline lakes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    day at the North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 56...

  8. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  9. Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  10. Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Angola Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico...

  11. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New...

  12. Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  13. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Angola Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico...

  14. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Italy Japan Kuwait Luxembourg Malta Netherlands NetherlandsMalaysia Maldives Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius MexicoMalaysia Maldives Mali Malta Mauritius Mexico Mongolia

  15. Tomer Hasid When you hear `Chechnya' you think

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dershowitz, Nachum

    CHECHEN Tomer Hasid #12;When you hear `Chechnya' you think ...of #12;"It's somwhere near Kazakhstan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Syria, Turkey and Uzbekistan. #12;Chechen - facts A member of the Nakh

  16. Two ancient human genomes reveal Polynesian ancestry among the indigenous Botocudos of Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malaspinas, A.-S.; Lao, O.; Schroeder, H.; Rasmussen, M.; Raghavan, M.; Moltke, I.; Campos, P. F.; Santana Sagredo, F.; Rasmussen, S.; Gonçalves, V. F.; Albrechtsen, A.; Allentoft, M. E.; Johnson, P. L. F.; Li, M.; Reis, S.; Bernardo, D. V.; DeGiorgio, M.; Duggan, A. T.; Bastos, M.; Wang, Y.; Stenderup, J.; Moreno-Mayar, J. V.; Brunak, S.; Sicheritz-Ponten, T.; Hodges, E.; Hannon, G. J.; Orlando, L.; Price, T. D.; Jensen, J. D.; Nielsen, R.; Heinemeier, J.; Olsen, J.; Rodrigues-Carvalho, C.; Lahr, M. Mirazón; Neves, W.; Kayser, M.; Higham, T.; Stoneking, M.; Pena, S. D. J.; Willerslev, E.

    2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    as follows: Africa: Bambaran, Dogon, YRI; Europe: CEU, Iraqi, Slovenian; EAsia: CHB, JPT, Thai, Mongolian; CSAsia: Kyrgyzstan, Nepalese, Pakistanis; Americas: Bolivian, Totonac; NewGuineaH: New Guinea Highlands. The reference panel includes around 820...

  17. Sustainable development and comprehensive capital : The post-Soviet decline of Central Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sievers, Eric

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The general post-Soviet decline of the states of Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) mirrors specific declines in the robustness of these states' stocks of financial, physical, ...

  18. Fruit and vegetable consumption in the former Soviet Union: the role of individual and community-level factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goryakin, Yevgeniy; Rocco, Lorenzo; Suhrcke, Marc; Roberts, Bayard; McKee, Martin

    2015-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    . Setting: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine. Subjects: Adult survey respondents (n 17 998) aged 18–95 years. Results: Being male, increasing age, lack of education and lack of financial resources were... behaviours and demographic, socio-economic and environ- mental characteristics. Surveys were nationally representa- tive and conducted among adult respondents (aged ?18 years) in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakh- stan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia...

  19. Competing perspectives on democracy and democratization: assessing alternative models of democracy promoted in Central Asian states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omelicheva, Mariya Y.

    2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    ). President Bush and members of his administration prioritized the right to conduct free and fair elections. The Bush government, for example, hailed the ‘Tulip’ revolution in Kyrgyzstan that unseated the first Kyrgyz President Askar Akayev... as the two primary dimensions of democratization. Following the 2010 parliamentary elections in Kyrgyzstan, President Obama declared that an orderly and peaceful transfer of power in the Kyrgyz parliament was a hallmark of a ‘true democracy...

  20. Saudi Arabia Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

  1. Be Careful What You Wish For: Some thoughts on maximizing value from your simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    Petrochemical Company K.S.C · JV: The Kuwait Olefins Company K.S.C. · JV: The SCG-Dow Group · JV: Sadara: EQUATE Petrochemical Company K.S.C · JV: The SCG-Dow Group · JV: The Kuwait Olefins Company K.S.C 7 ® #12

  2. CI-OFF Ex A (Rev. 0.2, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania,...

  3. accumulating rice mutant: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    crop under rainfed conditions with no Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: Abstract In northern Laos, upland rice is grown as a subsistence crop under rainfed conditions or...

  4. allotetraploid rice species: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    crop under rainfed conditions with no Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: Abstract In northern Laos, upland rice is grown as a subsistence crop under rainfed conditions or...

  5. asian cultivated rice: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: Abstract In northern Laos, upland rice is grown as a subsistence crop under rainfed conditions or three years between rice crops. In this paper the impact...

  6. agrobacterium-mediated cry1ab-transformed rice: Topics by E-print...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    under rainfed conditions with no Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: Abstract In northern Laos, upland rice is grown as a subsistence crop under rainfed conditions or three...

  7. Technical matters The practice and politics of geo-referencing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    , Energy & Resources Group 2010 Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting #12;Laos? China GoogleTechnical matters The practice and politics of geo-referencing Michael B. Dwyer, UC BerkeleyEarth imagery, November 2008 #12;China Lao PDR #12;"The world map is bring redrawn. Over the past six months

  8. This article was downloaded by: [Indiana University Libraries] On: 03 November 2011, At: 11:19

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Tom

    September 2010) This article examines the transition from shifting cultivation to rubber production: the transition from swidden cultivation to rubber plantations in Laos PDR Tom P. Evans a , Khamla Phanvilay b and household inequality: the transition from swidden cultivation to rubber plantations in Laos PDR, Journal

  9. air study 1999-2001: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    hospital in Kuwait during a summer season to investigate the performance of WC and AC systems in terms of peak power and energy... Maheshwari, G. P.; Mulla Ali, A. A....

  10. Smart Operations of Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems in a Government Buildings for Peak Power Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Hadban, Y.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Al-Nakib, D.; Al-Mulla, A.; Alasseri, R.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the achievements of implementing smart operations strategies for air-conditioning (A/C) and lighting systems in Justice Palace Complex (JPC), Kuwait during the summer 2007. The peak load of this building was 3700 k...

  11. Hassan B. Diab Vice President,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    EGYPT IRAQ JORDAN KUWAIT LEBANON OMAN QATAR SAUDI ARABIA SUDAN SYRIA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES WEST BANK SYRIA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES WEST BANK YEMEN 2008-09 Annual Activity Report #12;2 Acknowledgement The 2008

  12. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    per day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq KuwaitEIA Table 1.2, “OPEC Crude Oil Production (Excluding Lease2008, from EIA, “Crude Oil Production. ” Figure 16. U.S.

  13. Improving the Water Efficiency of Cooling Production System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maheshwari, G.; Al-Hadban, Y.; Al-Taqi, H. H.; Alasseri, R.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For most of the time, cooling towers (CTs) of cooling systems operate under partial load conditions and by regulating the air circulation with a variable frequency drive (VFD), significant reduction in the fan power can be achieved. In Kuwait...

  14. University Health Center Name The University of Georgia UGA ID # 81

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissinger, Jessica

    incidence rates of > 20 cases per 100,000 population. University Health Center review Date Page 2 Republic Republic of Korea Nigeria Suriname Armenia Ecuador Kuwait Niue Swaziland Azerbaijan Egypt

  15. Cooling Tower Operation in the Hot and Humid Climates of Arid Zones 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Bassam, E.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Sebzali, M.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the performance of the A/C system, increases the fan power and water consumption. The latter is of special concern to Kuwait and other countries in the region where the soft water is produced through seawater desalination....

  16. Use of Plant Toom Logbook Data to Establish Performance of a Cooling Production System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajiah, A. E.; Maheshwari, G. P.; ElSherbini, A. I.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and applies the same for an office building in Kuwait. Data collected between March and October 2004 were analyzed. Inadequate control of supply water temperature and low chiller loading were identified as the key parameters leading to inefficiency of cooling...

  17. Visa Students by Country of Citizenship -November 2013 Region Undergraduate Graduate Total

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan 3 1 4 Kuwait 1 2 3 Lebanon 4 2 6 Libya 2 0 2 Morocco 3 1 4 Oman 0 1 1 Qatar 2 0 2 Saudi Arabia 57

  18. Importance of Design Conditions for Sizing Air-Conditioning Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaban, N.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Suri, R. K.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Design conditions based on the meteorological data collected at two weather stations located less than 10 km away from each other within Kuwait City are presented for dry-bulb temperature (DBT) and web-bulb temperature (WBT) prioritization...

  19. arabian persian gulf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Myre, Peggy Lynne 2012-06-07 108 This paper provides the first estimates of SGD to the Kuwait coastline in the Arabian Gulf. Seawater evaporation leads to density driven exchange...

  20. Part of something larger than ourselves: George H.W. Bush and the rhetoric of the first U.S. war in the Persian Gulf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rangel, Nicolas , Jr.

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    in which he narrowly defined victory. Bush defined victory as the removal of Iraqi forces from Kuwait, in an attempt to shape a historical consensus on the significance of U.S. action....

  1. Energy Comparison Between Conventional and Chilled Water Thermal Storage Air Conditioning Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebzali, M.; Hussain, H. J.; Ameer, B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the summer of previous years, Kuwait faced a series of power shortages emphasizing the need for urgent commissioning of power generation projects. It is estimated that the demand for electricity is growing at an ...

  2. air conditioning installations: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    K. 2010-01-01 98 Implementation of Smart Operation Strategies for Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems for Ministries Complex in the State of Kuwait Texas A&M University -...

  3. Multi-Grain Clustering Topic Model (MGCTM)Motivation Evaluation of Document Clustering Integrating Document Clustering and Topic Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xing, Eric P.

    proportion ·Sample Bernoulli parameter ·For each word (l) (l) ( )Dir (g) (g) ( )Dir ( )Beta w Sample kuwait larson shuttle energy usr motif xterm henrik armenians jews mission dc apr Local topics of 3

  4. Working Group III contribution to the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report Climate Change 2007: Mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    Nationality CLA Fisher Brian S Australia CLA Nakicenovic Nebojsa Austria/Serbia and Montenegro LA Alfsen Knut Detlef P. Netherlands LA Warren Rachel UK RE Weyant John USA RE Babiker Mustafa Kuwait Chapter 4: Energy

  5. International Conference "The History of Perestroika in Central Asia"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Achim

    policies towards the central republican nomenklatura of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan: configurations of centre in the perestroika period in Kazakhstan" Timur Dadabaev "From Economic Reforms to the Politics of "Perestroika and independent trade unions in Kazakhstan: main tendencies of perestroika period" Elena Zimovina "Transformation

  6. FSU/Eastern Europe: Russia spearheads small upturn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the political and legal scene in Russia, domestic restructuring, exploration, drilling, development by Western companies and by Russian companies, and production. Exploration and development in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia are also discussed.

  7. Towards a System Dynamics Framework for Un-derstanding Interactions of Head-and Tail-Users

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    -Users in Irrigation Systems in Kyrgyzstan Justus Gallati1 , Bakyt Askaraliev2 , Peter Niederer3 , Daniel Maselli4 1 / NCCR North-South, email: daniel.maselli@cde.unibe.ch Abstract Irrigation and water supply systems;2 1 Introduction Irrigation and water supply systems are of vital importance for agriculture in many

  8. The discussion on improving regu-latory approval for domestic resource

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hadly, Elizabeth

    . The introductory letter in the report carries the headline "Cali- fornia Ranks with Bolivia, Lags Behind Kyrgyzstan jurisdictions worldwide, along- side regimes such as Bolivia, Mongolia, and Guatemala." Fred McMahon, coor such as the alternative energy industry, a key component in the current administra- tion's recovery program

  9. A Kinetic Model of Copper Cycling in San Francisco Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bessinger, Brad; Cooke, Terry; Forman, Barton; Lee, Vivian; Mineart, Philip; Armstrong, Louis

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Agencies Association. Bruland KW. 1983. Trace elements inreport. Donat JR, Lao KA, Bruland KW. 1994. Speciation ofChemistry 36:329-363. Gee AK, Bruland KW. 2002. Tracing Ni,

  10. Revealing the Nature of Emergent Ferromagnetism at an Oxide Heterointe...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    structures 6-8. LaAlO3 (lanthanum aluminium oxide, LAO) and SrTiO3 (strontium titanium oxide, STO) materials are perovskites, a class of mineral oxides whose unique...

  11. Rheo-PIV of a shear-banding wormlike micellar solution under large amplitude oscillatory shear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimitriou, Christopher J.

    We explore the behavior of a wormlike micellar solution under both steady and large amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS) in a cone–plate geometry through simultaneous bulk rheometry and localized velocimetric measurements. ...

  12. Indochina energy outlook. Report series Number 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, C.J.; Lamke, A.J.; Li, B.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Indochina contains large energy resources of oil, gas, coal, and hydropower, and will become an important oil, gas, and electricity exporter in Southeast Asia over the next decade. The combination of substantial energy resources and economic reforms in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia are attracting major investments in the energy sector. This report discusses the economy; the resources, reserves, and projected production of oil, gas, coal, and hydropower; and electric power in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. 10 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

  13. Experimental The selected catanionic reverse micelle system consists of water, decane, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jie

    . [11] a) J. Y. Lao, J. G. Wen, Z. F. Ren, Nano Lett. 2002, 2, 1287. b) J. Y. Lao, J. Y. Huang, D. Z. Wang, Z. F. Ren, Nano Lett. 2003, 3, 235. c) H. Q. Yan, R. R. He, J. Johnson, M. Law, R. J. Saykally, P. D. Yang, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 4728. [12] H. Shi, L. Qi, J. Ma, H. Cheng, J. Am. Chem. Soc

  14. Oil/gas separator for installation at burning wells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Alonso, Carol T. (Orinda, CA); Bender, Donald A. (Dublin, CA); Bowman, Barry R. (Livermore, CA); Burnham, Alan K. (Livermore, CA); Chesnut, Dwayne A. (Pleasanton, CA); Comfort, III, William J. (Livermore, CA); Guymon, Lloyd G. (Livermore, CA); Henning, Carl D. (Livermore, CA); Pedersen, Knud B. (Livermore, CA); Sefcik, Joseph A. (Tracy, CA); Smith, Joseph A. (Livermore, CA); Strauch, Mark S. (Livermore, CA)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An oil/gas separator is disclosed that can be utilized to return the burning wells in Kuwait to production. Advantageously, a crane is used to install the separator at a safe distance from the well. The gas from the well is burned off at the site, and the oil is immediately pumped into Kuwait's oil gathering system. Diverters inside the separator prevent the oil jet coming out of the well from reaching the top vents where the gas is burned. The oil falls back down, and is pumped from an annular oil catcher at the bottom of the separator, or from the concrete cellar surrounding the well.

  15. Oil/gas separator for installation at burning wells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Alonso, C.T.; Bender, D.A.; Bowman, B.R.; Burnham, A.K.; Chesnut, D.A.; Comfort, W.J. III; Guymon, L.G.; Henning, C.D.; Pedersen, K.B.; Sefcik, J.A.; Smith, J.A.; Strauch, M.S.

    1993-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    An oil/gas separator is disclosed that can be utilized to return the burning wells in Kuwait to production. Advantageously, a crane is used to install the separator at a safe distance from the well. The gas from the well is burned off at the site, and the oil is immediately pumped into Kuwait's oil gathering system. Diverters inside the separator prevent the oil jet coming out of the well from reaching the top vents where the gas is burned. The oil falls back down, and is pumped from an annular oil catcher at the bottom of the separator, or from the concrete cellar surrounding the well.

  16. U.S. Policy and the Future of Uzbekistan: Promoting Reform, Security, and Regional Stability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Capstone Briefing Bush School of Government and Public Service May 10, 2007 Game Structure – 3 Moves Teams – United (US), Russia (RF), Uzbekistan (UZ), Kyrgyzstan (KG), and Islamists Move One Karimov’s plane down in Kyrgyz... territory Uzbeks appoint interim President US and Russia react Move Two Interim President confirmed by election Samarkand rejects election results Uzbek president receives foreign delegations at inaugural Move Three Unrest in Ferghana...

  17. Smart Operations of Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems in Government Buildings for Peak Power Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Hadban, Y.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Al-Nakib, D.; Al-Mulla, A.; Alasseri, R.

    During the summer 2007 smart operation strategies for air-conditioning (A/C) and lighting systems were developed and tested in a number of governmental buildings in Kuwait as one of the solutions to reduce the national peak demand for electrical...

  18. Ocean Sci., 2, 2741, 2006 www.ocean-sci.net/2/27/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of United Arab Emirates is a major driver of this baroclinic circulation. 1 Introduction The Persian Gulf bordering the Per- sian Gulf are the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait and Iraq (Emery, 1956). Extensive shallow regions, United Arab Emirates

  19. Building Load Simulation and Validation of an Office Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alghimlas, F.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) and daily occupancy seven and a half hours between 0730 and 1500 from Saturday to Wednesday. The simulation period was set to be from January 1 until December 31. A typical meteorological year (TMY) was used for the coastal areas of Kuwait. The results...

  20. Comparative Study Between Air-Cooled and Water-Cooled Condensers of the Air-Conditioning Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maheshwari, G. P.; Mulla Ali, A. A.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The weather in Kuwait is very dry where the dry-bulb temperature exceeds the wet-bulb temperature more than 20oC in most of the summer months. Thus, the air-conditioning (A/C) system with the water-cooled (WC) condensers is expected to perform more...

  1. Testing and Evaluation of a Power Factor Correction for Power-Savings Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alotaibi, A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was then reduced from 13.9 to 3.0 kVAR (kilo volts amps reactive), the apparent power was decreased from 17.5 to 11.0 kVA (kilo volts amps). and the current was reduced from 23.4 to 14.5 amps. The Ministry of Electricity & Water (MEW) in Kuwait is expected...

  2. Management of Power Demand through Operations of Building Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ElSherbini, A. I.; Maheshwari, G.; Al-Naqib, D.; Al-Mulla, A.

    In hot summers, the demand for electrical power is dominated by the requirements of the air-conditioning and lighting systems. Such systems account for more than 80% of the peak electrical demand in Kuwait. A study was conducted to explore...

  3. Glenda Romn Geographic Mapping Technologies, Corp.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    #12;Manejo de Recursos Naturales Mining Tracks Brazil Diamond Mining Africa Oil & Gas Reserves U.S. Wells & Pipelines Mexico Oil & Gas Leases Gulf of Mexico Well Production Canada Petroleum Resources Kuwait Forest Inventory Lithuania Forest Types India Oil Production Russia Offshore Brazil #12;Evaluación

  4. Petrochemical industry in the Middle East: current status, uncertainties, global impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The situation and perspective of the petrochemical industry in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, IR Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, the UAE, SP Libyan AJ, Algeria, and Egypt are reviewed. Special attention is given to the budgetary constraints, foreign partners, the costs, the markets, and the impact of falling oil prices.

  5. Conceptual Framework for the Use of Fish Parasites as Bioindicators of Acute and Chronic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kane, Andrew S.

    Environmental Perturbation After the 2010 Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico 1Auburn University: Yucatan, Gulf of Mexico- exploratory oil well Ixtoc explodes, sinks (10.8, 5%) March 24th, 1989: Prince: Gulf of Mexico- oil tanker Megaborg fire (378, 189%) January 21st, 1991: Kuwait- Gulf War I, Iraqi

  6. Comparative Study Between Air-Cooled and Water-Cooled Condensers of the Air-Conditioning Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maheshwari, G. P.; Mulla Ali, A. A.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The weather in Kuwait is very dry where the dry-bulb temperature exceeds the wet-bulb temperature more than 20oC in most of the summer months. Thus, the air-conditioning (A/C) system with the water-cooled (WC) condensers is expected to perform more...

  7. Epitaxial growth and characterization of Eu{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3} thin films by off-axis sputtering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kwon, Daeyoung; Wu, Youngsu; Kim, Bongju [Department of Physics and Research Center for Dielectric and Advanced Matter Physics, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Bog G. [Department of Physics and Research Center for Dielectric and Advanced Matter Physics, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Advanced Materials Science, University of Tokyo, Chiba 277-8561 (Japan); Hwang, Harold Y. [Department of Advanced Materials Science, University of Tokyo, Chiba 277-8561 (Japan); Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi 332-0012 (Japan)

    2009-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the epitaxial growth and physical properties of Eu{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3} (ESCO) thin films deposited on (001) LaAlO{sub 3} (LAO) and (001) SrTiO{sub 3} (STO) substrates by off-axis rf sputtering. The magnetic properties of a grown film are governed by the crystallinity of the thin film and strain effects due to the substrate. The temperature-dependent resistivity of an optimized ESCO thin film on a LAO substrate shows a characteristic sudden decrease near the ferromagnetic transition temperature, indicating metallic double-exchange-like behavior, while the resistivity of ESCO on a STO substrate displays insulatinglike behavior because of substrate strain. These results suggest that optimized ESCO film on LAO is ideal as a bottom electrode for strained dielectric and ferroelectric heterostructures.

  8. Clinical utility of a multigated modified anterior projection in the detection of left ventricular inferior and apical wall motion abnormalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polak, J.F.; Bianco, J.A.; Kemper, A.J.; Tow, D.E.

    1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent evidence indicates that the left anterior oblique projection (LAO) multigated radionuclide ventriculogram (RVG) underestimates presence and extent of apical and inferior left ventricular (LV) wall motion abnormalities. We investigated, prospectively, the sensitivity and specificity of a modified anterior projection (MAP), which incorporates cephalad tilting. Thirty-three consecutive patients undergoing cardiac catheterization suspected to have coronary artery disease were studied with RVG, using both the MAP and LAO views. LAO views were analyzed using the ejection fraction image (REFI), and the regional ejection fraction (REF) of the inferoapical region. The MAP studies were analyzed using stroke volume image (SVI) to evaluate apical and inferior LV regions. Results were as follows: (Formula: see text), Both intraobserver and interobserver variabilities were comparable to those of conventional angiographic studies used in detection of apical and inferior asynergy. It is concluded that the multigated MAP offers additional information about abnormalities of the LV inferior and apical regions.

  9. Nanostructured shells DOI: 10.1002/smll.200600098

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    by Replicating ZnO Nano-objects: A Technique for Producing Hollow Nanostructures of Desired Shape** Jun Zhou, Jin Liu, Rusen Yang, Changshi Lao, Puxian Gao, Rao Tummala, Ning Sheng Xu, and Zhong Lin Wang* Hollow-con- fined nanoscale reactions and transport processes. The sim- plest hollow structures are nanoparticle

  10. 285 2010 ISZS, Blackwell Publishing and IOZ/CAS Integrative Zoology 2010; 5: 285-299

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dever, Jennifer A.

    and climate change. The overarching challenge of tiger conservation, and the conservation of biodiversity, increasing demand for natural resources, massive infrastructure expansion and climate change have placed, Lao, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thai- doi: 10.1111/j.1749-4877.2010.00214.x #12;286 © 2010 ISZS

  11. Conductance control at the LaAlO{sub 3}/SrTiO{sub 3}-interface by a multiferroic BiFeO{sub 3} ad-layer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mix, Christian; Finizio, Simone; Kläui, Mathias; Jakob, Gerhard [Institut für Physik, Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz, Staudingerweg 7, D-55128 Mainz (Germany)

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Multilayered BiFeO{sub 3} (BFO)/LaAlO{sub 3} (LAO) thin film samples were fabricated on SrTiO{sub 3} (STO) substrates by pulsed laser deposition. In this work, the ferroelectric polarization of a multiferroic BFO ad-layer on top of the quasi-two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) at the LAO/STO interface is used to manipulate the conductivity of the quasi-2DEG. By microstructuring the conductive area of the LAO/STO-interface, a four-point geometry for the measurement of the resistivity was achieved. Piezo force microscopy allows for imaging and poling the spontaneous ferroelectric polarization of the multiferroic layer. The resistance changes showed a linear dependence on the area scanned and a hysteretic behavior with respect to the voltages applied in the scanning process. This is evidence for the ferroelectric polarization of the multiferroic causing the resistance changes. Coupling the antiferromagnetic BFO layer to another ferromagnetic layer could enable a magnetic field control of the conductance of the quasi-2DEG at the LAO/STO interface.

  12. Algebra Linear -Exercicios resolvidos Exercicio 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dias, Esmeralda Sousa

    ´Algebra Linear - Exerc´icios resolvidos Exerc´icio 1: Sejam E = L({(1, 1, 1), (1, 2, 2)}) e F = L~ao de E F ´e 1. Exerc´icio 2: No espa¸co dos polin´omios reais de grau menor ou igual a 3, P3

  13. Influence of perovskite termination on oxide heteroepitaxy D. A. Schmidta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olmstead, Marjorie

    Influence of perovskite termination on oxide heteroepitaxy D. A. Schmidta Department of Physics exhibits mixed La­O and Al­O2 surface terminations at 400 °C. Heteroepitaxial TiO2, grown by evaporating Ti, regardless of termination, indicating that the substrate cations and perovskite surface polarity play little

  14. New Strontium-based Bioactive Glasses: Physicochemical Reactivity and Delivering Capability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    products capable of stimulating cellular responses. In this paper, we report a complete evaluation of Biologically Active Dissolution Products Jonathan Lao , Edouard Jallot , and Jean-Marie Nedelec Laboratoire-doped glasses in treatment of osteoporosis and tissue engineering. hal-00395384,version1-15Jun2009 #12

  15. Air America: Upholding the Airmen's Bond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kilgard, Michael P.

    Air America: Upholding the Airmen's Bond April 18, 2009 The University of Texas at Dallas Conference Center Auditorium A Symposium to Acknowledge and Commemorate Air America Rescue Efforts during with Air America Senior Operations Officer, CIA, Retired 2 p.m. Laos Rescues: Lima Site 85 Dr. Tim Castle

  16. 2008 NIST Center for Neutron Research Accomplishments and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gax (Galfenol), H. Cao, et al. 14 Tuning the Magnetocaloric Properties of the Magnetic Refrigerant Mn HIGHLIGHTS CONDENSED MATTER 8 Magnetic Order versus Superconductivity in the Iron-based La(O1-x Fx )FeAs Systems, C. de la Cruz, et al. 10 Competing Magnetic Interactions, Frustration, and the Structural Phase

  17. The Emergence of Daoism: Creation of Tradition GIL RAZ. Routledge Studies in Taoism. Abingdon, New York: Routledge, 2012.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    are praiseworthy. Reading the core chapters of the book, sophisticated and often allusive, will be a challenge the Scripture of the Transformations of Master Lao (Laozi bianhua jing ), whose authorship remains unknown (pp phenomena (p. 18). No doubt this latest 2 In the remarks concluding my "Latter Han Religious Mass Movements

  18. Approche spatiale des inga lits d'exposition environnementale et socio-conomiques. Quelle influence su r les ingalits de cancer ? Projet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (CIRCE) D. Valdes-Lao a , C. De clercq b , A. Cicolella a , A. Sasco c , O. Blanchard a , L. Mosqueron a , A. Trugeon d , I. Gremy e , P. Pepin e , O. Guye f , A. So nko f , M. Colonna g , J. Caudeville

  19. K16 -Analyser les ingalits spatio-temporelles de cancer pour mieux comprendre le lien cancer environnement. Le projet Cancer ingalits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Sasco b , D. Valdes-Lao a , A. Trugeon c , C. Declercq d , I. Grémy e , P. Pépin e , O. Guye f , A. So nko f , M. Colonna g , O. Blanchard a , L. Mos queron a , J. Caudeville a , J.-B. Masson a , G

  20. Radioactive Waste Management in Central Asia - 12034

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhunussova, Tamara; Sneve, Malgorzata; Liland, Astrid [Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority (Norway)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After the collapse of the Soviet Union the newly independent states in Central Asia (CA) whose regulatory bodies were set up recently are facing problems with the proper management of radioactive waste and so called 'nuclear legacy' inherited from the past activities. During the former Soviet Union (SU) period, various aspects of nuclear energy use took place in CA republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Activities range from peaceful use of energy to nuclear testing for example at the former Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site (SNTS) in Kazakhstan, and uranium mining and milling industries in all four countries. Large amounts of radioactive waste (RW) have been accumulated in Central Asia and are waiting for its safe disposal. In 2008 the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority (NRPA), with the support of the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, has developed bilateral projects that aim to assist the regulatory bodies in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan (from 2010) to identify and draft relevant regulatory requirements to ensure the protection of the personnel, population and environment during the planning and execution of remedial actions for past practices and radioactive waste management in the CA countries. The participating regulatory authorities included: Kazakhstan Atomic Energy Agency, Kyrgyzstan State Agency on Environmental Protection and Forestry, Nuclear Safety Agency of Tajikistan, and State Inspectorate on Safety in Industry and Mining of Uzbekistan. The scope of the projects is to ensure that activities related to radioactive waste management in both planned and existing exposure situations in CA will be carried out in accordance with the international guidance and recommendations, taking into account the relevant regulatory practice from other countries in this area. In order to understand the problems in the field of radioactive waste management we have analysed the existing regulations through the so called 'Threat assessment' in each CA country which revealed additional problems in the existing regulatory documents beyond those described at the start of our ongoing bilateral projects in Kazakhstan, Kirgizistan Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. (authors)

  1. Opportunities for renewable energy sources in Central Asia countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Obozov, A.J. [Project KUN (Kyrgyzstan); Loscutoff, W.V. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents an overview of the state of conventional energy sources and the potential for development of renewable energy sources in the Central Asia countries of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan. The region has a population of about 50 million in an area of more than four million square kilometers. The per capita gross internal product is more than $2,500, although the economy has been declining the past five years. The area has substantial coal, oil, uranium, and natural gas reserves, although they are not distributed equally among the five countries. Energy production is such that the countries do not have to rely heavily on imports. One of the problems in Central Asia is that the energy prices are substantially below the world prices. This is a factor in development of renewable energy sources. The primary renewable energy resources available are wind in Kazakhstan, solar in the entire region, biomass in Kyrgyzstan, and micro-hydropower stations in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. All of these have the potential to provide a significant amount of the required energy for the region. However, all of the countries have an abundance of various renewable energy resources. To effectively use these resources, however, a number of barriers to their development and commercialization must be overcome. These include low prices of conventional energy sources, absence of legislative support, lack of financing for new technologies, and lack of awareness of renewable energy sources by the population. A number of specific actions are proposed to overcome these barriers. These include establishment of a Central Asia coordinating council for renewable energy, development of a regional renewable energy program, and setting up a number of large demonstration projects. 16 figs.

  2. Reaction of the dams behind the Toktoguol and Kurpsa hydroelectric power plants to repeated earthquakes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marchuk, A.N.; Umralin, K.B.; Moldebehov, Z.I. [and others

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The region where the chain of Naryn hydroelectric power plants are located in the Kyrgyzstan Republic is a seismically active area of Central Tien-Shan and is comparatively well known in seismological respects. No means of measuring the dams themselves, however, were ever incorporated as an instrumental base of investigation. The seismometric possibilities of embedded monitoring-measuring apparatus were disclosed by O.Yu. Schmidt Institute of Earth Physics and have made is possible to evaluate the reactions of dams to seismic effects and of excited seismicity, when residual deformations due to repeated tremors of different force and direction are accumulated over an extended period of time.

  3. Nuclear winter from gulf war discounted

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marshall, E.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Would a major conflagration in Kuwait's oil fields trigger a climate catastrophe akin to the 'nuclear winter' that got so much attention in the 1980s This question prompted a variety of opinions. The British Meteorological Office and researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory concluded that the effect of smoke from major oil fires in Kuwait on global temperatures is likely to be small; however, the obscuration of sunlight might significantly reduce surface temperatures locally. Michael MacCracken, leader of the researchers at Livermore, predicts that the worst plausible oil fires in the Gulf would produce a cloud of pollution about as severe as that found on a bad day at the Los Angeles airport. The results of some mathematical modeling by the Livermore research group are reported.

  4. Black Gold Rush in the Near East: A Century of Oil Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooley, Chelsea

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    came to realize the importance of Saudi oil for US success at war. These combined factors prompted the President to create the Petroleum Reserve Corporation (PRC) in 1942 “to acquire petroleum, petroleum products, and petroleum reserves outside... and production. That same year, Aramco established Gulf Operations Ltd to manage governmental petroleum interests in the Offshore Neutral Zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Aramco’s success and ties to the US did not help to negate the fact that 15...

  5. A Methodology For Calculating Integrated NOx Emissions Reductions from Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Programs Across State Agencies in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar, J. C.; Mukopadhyay. J; Marshall, K.; Gilman, D.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Montgomery, C.; McKelvy, K.; Reid, V.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Analysis of Texas Code Adoption Analysis: Lighting Requirment, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), U.S.D.O.E., Washington, D.C. Bryant, J., Degelman, L., Turner, D. 2004. ?Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions... of Texas Code Adoption Analysis: Lighting Requirment, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), U.S.D.O.E., Washington, D.C. ESL-IC-10-10-58 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26...

  6. JPRS report: Arms control, [November 3, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1989-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains translations/transcriptions of articles and/or broadcasts on arms control. Titles include: 5-Power Defense Arrangement Exercise Opens; Paper Sees Growing Danger of Nuclear War; 3rd Round of Conventional Forces Talk; General Notes Inadequate Discipline in Army; Arianespace Assures Liquid Fuel Technology; King Hussain Warns of Nuclear Threat in Region; Kuwait Defense Minister on Weapons Development, GCC; Commentary on Change in NATO Count of Combat Aircraft; and others.

  7. The effects of petroleum residues and the associated degrading bacteria on the development and survival of the larvae of Penaeus aztecus ives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clary, John Curtis

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Penaeus setiferus to petroleum hydrocarbons, specifically, south Louisiana crude oil, Kuwait crude oil, 1)2 fuel oil and Venezuelan Bunker C oil. The water soluble fractions of the refined products were more toxic to the crustaceans than were the water... to the grass shrimp Palaemonetes ~u io than did refined petroleum products. Larval stages were more susceptible to the oils than were postlarvae or adults. Young (77) investigated the effects of naphthalene and phenanthrene on the grass shrimp Palaemonetes...

  8. The George Bush Presidential Library Center at Texas A&M University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frink, Julia Susan

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    , the fight for freedom?s continuance in the Middle East with the Kuwait and Iraq conflict caused by a holocaustic dictator, the enforcement of the economic source lines of communication flow for the oil industry, the recognition of China as an economic... was the focal point. The purpose was to describe the global significance, work and educational contributions of the Bush Presidential Library while exploring its partnership with Texas A&M University. The primary data sources were: archival records, museum...

  9. Defects in nonpolar (134{sup ¯}0) ZnO epitaxial film grown on (114) LaAlO{sub 3} substrate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yen, Tzu-Chun, E-mail: yen198300@gmail.com; Wang, Wei-Lin; Peng, Chun-Yen; Tian, Jr-Sheng; Ho, Yen-Teng; Chang, Li [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China)

    2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The defects in (134{sup ¯}0)ZnO epitaxial film grown on (114)LaAlO{sub 3} (LAO) have been systematically investigated by using transmission electron microscopy. At the ZnO/LAO interface, the Burgers vectors of misfit dislocations are identified to be 1/3[1{sup ¯}21{sup ¯}0] and 1/2[0001]. Threading dislocations with the Burgers vectors of 1/3?112{sup ¯}0? and ?0001? are distributed on the basal plane. In (134{sup ¯}0)ZnO film, the predominant planar defects are basal stacking faults (BSFs) with 1/6?202{sup ¯}3? displacement vectors. The densities of dislocations and BSFs are about 3.8?×?10{sup 10}?cm{sup ?2} and 3.1?×?10{sup 5}?cm{sup ?1}, respectively.

  10. Demonstration of high-performance negative central magnetic shear discharges in the DIII-D tokamak*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauel, Michael E.

    * B. W. Rice,,a) K. H. Burrell, L. L. Lao, G. Navratil,b) B. W. Stallard,a) E. J. Strait, T. S. Taylor, M. E. Austin,c) T. A. Casper,a) M. S. Chu, C. B. Forest, P. Gohil, R. J. Groebner, W. W. Heidbrink,d) A. W. Hyatt, H. Ikezi, R. J. La Haye, E. A. Lazarus,e) Y. R. Lin-Liu, M. E. Mauel,b) W. H. Meyer

  11. Observation of the structural phase transition in manganite films by magneto-optical imaging.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crabtree, G. W.; Lin, Y.; Miller, D. J.; Nikitenko, V. I.; Vlasko-Vlasov, V. K.; Welp, U.

    1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A high-resolution magneto-optical imaging technique is used to reveal the formation of twins occurring during a martensitic phase transition at {approximately}105K in LCMO films grown on STO substrates. The magnetic contrast arises due to the magneto-elastic tilts of the Mn - magnetic moments in the twins. Different magnetic structures are found in LCMO films grown on MgO, NGO, and LAO substrates showing the importance of the substrate material for the manganite film properties.

  12. INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 15 (2004) 404409 PII: S0957-4484(04)70484-5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for applications in solar cell [14], photo-catalysts [15], etc. One-dimensional ZnO nanowires have a lower (mixture of ZnO and graphite powder)-to-collector (graphite flakes) ratio, etc. We also report a detailed-4484(04)70484-5 Synthesis and photoluminescence studies on ZnO nanowires D Banerjee1 , J Y Lao1 , D Z Wang1 , J Y Huang1 , D

  13. Tuning the Electron Gas at an Oxide Heterointerface via Free Surface Charges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, Christopher

    2011-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Oxide heterointerfaces are emerging as one of the most exciting materials systems in condensed matter science. One remarkable example is the LaAlO{sub 3}/SrTiO{sub 3} (LAO/STO) interface, a model system in which a highly mobile electron gas forms between two band insulators, exhibiting two dimensional superconductivity and unusual magnetotransport properties. An ideal tool to tune such an electron gas is the electrostatic field effect. In principle, the electrostatic field can be generated by bound charges due to polarization (as in the normal and ferroelectric field effects) or by adding excess free charge. In previous studies, a large modulation of the carrier density and mobility of the LAO/STO interface has been achieved using the normal field effect. However, little attention has been paid to the field effect generated by free charges. This issue is scarcely addressed, even in conventional semiconductor devices, since the free charges are typically not stable. Here, we demonstrate an unambiguous tuning of the LAO/STO interface conductivity via free surface charges written using conducting atomic force microscopy (AFM). The modulation of the carrier density was found to be reversible, nonvolatile and surprisingly large, {approx}3 x 10{sup 13} cm{sup -2}, comparable to the maximum modulation by the normal field effect. Our finding reveal the efficiency of free charges in controlling the conductivity of this oxide interface, and suggest that this technique may be extended more generally to other oxide systems.

  14. Fi in Gulf Pidgin Arabic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potsdam, Eric; Alanazi, Mohammad

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    albaqala GA fii(h) pen. M.PL in the.grocery ‘There are pens in the grocery.’ We propose that fi is a copula verb in GPA and has a function similar to be in English, building on proposals in Smart 1990, Næss 2008, and Bakir 2010...: Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, and nearby areas (Lewis, Simons, Fennig 2013). Smart 1990, Næss 2008, and Bakir 2010 further discuss the sociolinguistic situation of GPA. The syntax of GPA has been little studied in the linguistic...

  15. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 12/05/2011 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .05 United Arab Emirates 2 1 2.50 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 154 24 92.15 United.71 Kazakhstan 2 0 0.99 Kenya 31 4 53.88 Kuwait 3 0 0.49 Lebanon 8 2 15.32 Lesotho 2 0 0.46 Libyan Arab Person-months* Sudan 27 10 80.28 Swaziland 1 0 0.46 Sweden 29 6 8.38 Switzerland 77 15 16.70 Syrian Arab

  16. Impact of Thermally Insulated Floors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alghimlas, F.; Omar, E. A.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MODELLING INPUT The simulation period was set to be from January 1 until December 31. Typical meteorological year (TMY) was used for the coastal areas of Kuwait. The data were provided by KISR weather station at latitude of 29.3?C and longitude of 47....9?C [3]. Table 3 presents the TMY data in terms of monthly values of the significant weather parameters used within the simulation program. SIMULATION RESULTS AND ANALYSIS Private Villa The simulations were performed on four cases using...

  17. Stability versus Sustainability: Energy Policy in the Gulf Monarchies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krane, Jim

    2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    ,  domestic  burning  of  crude  oil,  diesel,  and  heavy  fuel  oil  is  already  reducing  exports and state income. Fuel consumption in power generation was equivalent to 12% of  the country’s oil production in 2010. This figure is expected to rise to 21...                                                          7 55% of Saudi power was derived from liquid fuel?based generation, as was 71% in Kuwait and 18% in  Oman, where (as in Saudi Arabia) diesel generation provides electricity in areas beyond transmission grids  (IEA 2011).  8 Unconventional gas...

  18. Energy Modeling of a High Performance Building in the U.A.E. for Sustainability Certification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, M.; Ledinger, S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    curve - Total building demand 00:00 06:00 12:00 18:00 00:000 100 200 300 400 500 600 Electrical power [kW ] Interior Lighting Exterior Lighting Space Heating Space Cooling Pumps Heat Rejection Interior Fans Parking Garage Fans... some of the demand by the concrete core activation network. ESL-IC-10-10-05 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 0.4 kg/s 35.3 C 12.4 g/kg 27.8 kW 0.4 kg...

  19. Suburbs offset Low Carbon Footprint of major U.S. Cities | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of Kuwait Ministry of

  20. Sudwind Energy GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of Kuwait Ministry

  1. Sunset Energietechnik GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of Kuwait MinistrySunset

  2. Sunset Reservoir Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of Kuwait

  3. Super Wind Project Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuper Wind Project

  4. Superwind GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuper Wind

  5. Sur de Renovables | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuper WindSur de

  6. Surface Power Technologies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuper WindSur

  7. Suzhou Red Maple Wind Blade Mould Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuper WindSurBlade

  8. Suzlon Energia Eolica do Brazil Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuper

  9. Suzlon Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuperEnergy Ltd.

  10. Suzlon Energy Tianjin Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuperEnergy

  11. Suzlon Structures Pvt Ltd SSPL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shrenik IndustriesState of KuwaitSuperEnergySSPL

  12. KvH Projekt GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii9969995°,I Jump to:Kumagai Gumi CoKuwaitKvH

  13. Kwikpower International | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts andKunshan Henghui NewKuwait

  14. Kyocera Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts andKunshan Henghui NewKuwaitKyocera

  15. Merging hydraulics with biology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thorncraft, Garry; Baumgartner, Lee J.; Boys, Craig A.; Brown, Richard S.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research staff are now working with developers in Lao PDR and Australia to ensure design criteria is optimised at time of construction. Research is presently underway on a suite of Mekong and Murray-Darling species to identify critical tolerances of shear and pressure. Work in the USA is also being expanded to lamprey and white sturgeon in an effort to increase the understanding beyond salmon species. Researchers and developers are hopeful of constructing the first fish-friendly hydro plants within the next two years. Pending favourable outcomes, the expansion of this technology to other sites and river systems is the ultimate development outcome.

  16. New Concept for Industrial Energy/Utility Values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, W. J.

    -up for emergencies and waste heat ooiler outages. It is also inflated because all steam fran waste heat ooilers is credited at full offsite boiler steam cost. Detennining an equitable value for a utility, particularly steam, is a canp1ex problem involving many... with three 500 klb/hr offsite boilers i operating normally at 400 klb/hr total in at system that has 1150 klb/hr of CO and waste t boiler steam production. I lao PSIG o---%-.~7~::-----,-....L_----r-_--I.._+---o 1&0 PSIG o--'--:";-;:::--~':'::'-"T:"13...

  17. Gravity modeling of the Song Hong basin: an insight into its crustal structure and implication for the formation of the basin 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Vu Giang

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    measurements 18 105' 106' 107 108 109 110' 22' 0. C INA 22' 21 21' 20 ETN M 19 18 O -20 O . '~0 0- HAINAM 19' 18' 17 LAO 17 16 16 15 106 107' 108 109' 110' 15' Figure 8: Bouguer gravity anomaly onland and free air anomaly at sea map...' Ao 16 15 0 4, ~ o I Qoo 1O5' 1O6' 107' 108' 109 110 16 15' Figure 9: Topography of the Song Hong basin area. Contour interval 10 m for the water depth at sea and 200m for the topography on land (ETOPO 5). Water depth is used in terrain...

  18. The quasi-periodic nature of wall slip for molten plastics in large amplitude oscillatory shear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adrian, David Warren

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is not to be confused with a quasi-periodic spectrum like Figure 15 because of its strong continuous component. 0. 01 X 0. 001 0. 0001 0. 2 0. 4 0. 6 f (Hz) Figure 14. Chaotic amplitude spectrum of Duffing's equation. 0. 1 0. 01 X 0. 001 0. 0001 1E-05 0... amplitude spectrum for a viscoelastic melt in LAOS 6. Pipkin diagram, adapted from Dealy and Wissbrun (1990), 14 showing the regimes of oscillatory shear for a viscoelastic melt . . . . 15 7. Time domain plot of the quasi-periodic forced van der Pol...

  19. The effect of topography on the Yucatan Current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molinari, Robert Lucian

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4 I M . 2500) N Ml. 5e . 10 50 . 1500/N. Mla Sec. 5000/N Ml Sec 500 0! N Ml- 5e . 7500/N. MI- 5 c 10 20 50 eo SO BO TO BO 50 100 No 120 150 lao 150 Figure 3, The quarter wave f oh represented by [( ) h, VELOCIT'I I 0 /Sec ) length... and inertial currents. Jour. Mar. Res. , Zl; 3, 147-154. Holland, W. R. (1966). Wind-driven circulation in an ocean with bottom topography. Doctoral Dissertation, Univ. of California: 123 pp. Kreyszig, E. (1962). Advanced ~En ineerin Mathematics. John...

  20. Selected income tax problems of closely-held corporations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunningham, Thomas Martin

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    bah?a Lo ie lahioa for a?a?Lao? 4%IIOII%4o Xa ?X???LyI4I014 ao?$NNLiaaa Lho ?a?La ale 4ivilha?M Ql 145?L or ia party a?C it ia a??alia?a 4iffka?LL to 4L??aaoa hia aoa?X~ owebiaa ks y~m to tha ?awe@ af at?ah h?14 by ?a?he tho ~?L?aay ai11 1Qs?Ig ?a...

  1. The quasi-periodic nature of wall slip for molten plastics in large amplitude oscillatory shear 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adrian, David Warren

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is not to be confused with a quasi-periodic spectrum like Figure 15 because of its strong continuous component. 0. 01 X 0. 001 0. 0001 0. 2 0. 4 0. 6 f (Hz) Figure 14. Chaotic amplitude spectrum of Duffing's equation. 0. 1 0. 01 X 0. 001 0. 0001 1E-05 0... amplitude spectrum for a viscoelastic melt in LAOS 6. Pipkin diagram, adapted from Dealy and Wissbrun (1990), 14 showing the regimes of oscillatory shear for a viscoelastic melt . . . . 15 7. Time domain plot of the quasi-periodic forced van der Pol...

  2. Lapeer County, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind Energy Development Jump to:Wave PowerLaos: EnergyLapeer

  3. Laporte, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind Energy Development Jump to:Wave PowerLaos:

  4. LappinTech LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind Energy Development Jump to:Wave PowerLaos:LappinTech LLC

  5. Laramie County, Wyoming: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind Energy Development Jump to:Wave PowerLaos:LappinTech

  6. Laramie, Wyoming: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLao InstituteLaramie,

  7. Larankelo | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLao

  8. Laredo Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLaoLaredo Ridge Wind Farm

  9. Laredo, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLaoLaredo Ridge Wind

  10. Larimer County, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLaoLaredo Ridge

  11. Las Cruces, New Mexico: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLaoLaredo

  12. Lassen Volcanic National Park Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLaoLaredoLassen Volcanic

  13. Late Cenozoic Ring Faulting and Volcanism in the Coso Range Area of

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLaoLaredoLassen

  14. Late Cenozoic volcanism, geochronology, and structure of the Coso Range,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLaoLaredoLassenInyo

  15. Latin America Energy Organization Feed | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow Tank Jump to:WindLaoLaredoLassenInyoEnergy

  16. Saudi Aramco describes crisis oil flow hike

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    On Aug. 2, 1990, Iraqi forces invaded Kuwait and triggered one of the most severe crises in the world's oil supplies since World War II. Within a few days of the invasion, Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports were embargoed, and almost 4.6 million b/d oil of production was removed from world markets. This shortfall amounted to about 20% of total Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries production at the time and could have proven disastrous to the world's industrial and financial well-being. However, there was no disruption to the major economies of the world. This paper reports that the primary reason for the cushioning of this impact was the massive expansion in production undertaken by Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco).

  17. New constraints in absorptive capacity and the optimum rate of petroleum output

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mallakh, R

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economic policy in four oil-producing countries is analyzed within a framework that combines a qualitative assessment of the policy-making process with an empirical formulation based on historical and current trends in these countries. The concept of absorptive capacity is used to analyze the optimum rates of petroleum production in Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. A control solution with an econometric model is developed which is then modified for alternative development strategies based on analysis of factors influencing production decisions. The study shows the consistencies and inconsistencies between the goals of economic growth, oil production, and exports, and the constraints on economic development. Simulation experiments incorporated a number of the constraints on absorptive capacity. Impact of other constraints such as income distribution and political stability is considered qualitatively. (DLC)

  18. The post-war Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tempest, P.

    1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The Middle East remains today the global energy fulcrum. One year after the Persian Gulf war, the region is in greater turmoil and political uncertainty than it has known in modern times. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and subsequent external military intervention forced neighboring states to question the need for a foreign military presence in the future. The rift between the secular revolutionary states in the region led by Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Algeria, and Syria and the traditional monarchy of Saudi Arabia and the emirates of the gulf has widened. Egypt provides, at present, an uncomfortable bridge. The balance of political forces may be shifting. This paper attempts to answer the following questions: Where will we see the new leadership in the Middle East Will it again play a role through the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and determination of the oil price in shaping the structure of global energy supply and demand

  19. Libya: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that Libya is moving forward with plans to sell most of its crude as refined products and should have the capacity to handle most of its production, about 1.3 million bpd, by the mid-90s. Production was increased after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, and peak capacity could be over 1.5 million bopd. Exploration pace is still increasing but U.S. sanctions have taken their toll. Gas projects are advancing as officials push to develop and utilize more domestic gas reserves. Libya has commissioned a new gas processing plant in Sahl gas field in Sirte basin and plans are under way for development of Tahaddi field, Libya's largest gas field with 9 Tcf.

  20. Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a ``Mini Nuclear Winter`` as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

  1. Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a Mini Nuclear Winter'' as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

  2. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report, July 1--September 30, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage development program for 750 million barrels was completed this quarter. The final 2.3 million barrels of new gross cavern volume was developed at Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw during the quarter. The Department's competitive Invitation for Bids (IFB) for the sale of the Sulphur Mines facility as an operating petroleum storage site elicited no bids. The IFB was received by 85 firms. Discussions with the General Services Administration (GSA) regarding the transfer of the property to GSA will be initiated in the next quarter. There were no crude oil deliveries to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve during the calendar quarter ending September 30, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of September 30, 1991, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve inventory was 568.5 million barrels. (VC)

  3. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report, July 1--September 30, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage development program for 750 million barrels was completed this quarter. The final 2.3 million barrels of new gross cavern volume was developed at Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw during the quarter. The Department`s competitive Invitation for Bids (IFB) for the sale of the Sulphur Mines facility as an operating petroleum storage site elicited no bids. The IFB was received by 85 firms. Discussions with the General Services Administration (GSA) regarding the transfer of the property to GSA will be initiated in the next quarter. There were no crude oil deliveries to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve during the calendar quarter ending September 30, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of September 30, 1991, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve inventory was 568.5 million barrels. (VC)

  4. Trade balance instability and the optimal exchange rate regime: The case of OPEC countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aljerrah, M.A.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The OPEC members have experienced wide fluctuations in their trade balances. This can be attributed to several factors: (1) heavy dependence of national income and export earnings on a single primary export-oil; (2) instability of price and world demand for oil; and (3) the exchange rate regime practiced in recent years. An exchange rate policy can be used to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance, given the changes in exchange rates of major international currencies. The purpose of this study is two fold; first, examine the effects of fluctuations in trade balance on the OPEC economies, and second, propose appropriate exchange rate regime for selected OPEC members. The study is divided into two parts. The first part demonstrates the impact of trade balance changes on national income and other macroeconomic variables using a Keynesian framework. The second part involves using conventional trade models to search for the appropriate exchange rate regime to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance of each selective country. The study's findings are: first, fluctuations in trade balances had negative effects on the economics of Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Second, the current exchange rate regime of no sample country is optimal in minimizing trade balance fluctuations. Third, in contrast to expectations, U.S. dollar peg did not stabilize the trade balance of any OPEC member. Finally, the results show that the sample OPEC economies could have enjoyed faster - though with different degree - economic growth if they had pegged their currencies to the derived optimal exchange rate regime. These optimal exchange rate regimes are: the SDR for Algeria and the United Arab Emirates, the purchasing power parity for Libya and Saudi Arabia, and the real Yen for Kuwait.

  5. National independence and nonproliferation in the new states of Central Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gleason, G.

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Five independent states emerged in Central Asia from the breakup of the USSR. One of these states, Kazakhstan, possesses nuclear weapons. The other four of these states, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, are not known to possess nuclear weapons, however they occupy a geostrategic position which makes them important to non-proliferation efforts. The present report profiles the capabilities and intentions of these four Central Asian states. The analysis of capabilities suggests that none of these states has the capability to develop a usable nuclear weapon. However, all of these countries-- especially Uzbekistan--have components of the old Soviet nuclear weapons complex which are now orphans. They have no use for these facilities and must either re-profile them, destroy them, or transfer them. The analysis of intentions suggests that the dynamics of national independence have created a situation in which Uzbekistan has hegemonic designs in the region. Implications for retarding nuclear proliferation in the Central Asian region are examined. Opportunities for outside influence are assessed.

  6. Regional seismic discrimination in central Asia with emphasis on western China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartse, H.E.; Taylor, S.R.; Phillips, W.S.; Randall, G.E.

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In support of an anticipated Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, the authors have started to evaluate regional seismic event discrimination capabilities for central Asia, emphasizing western China. The authors have measured noise and seismic phase amplitudes of over 250 earthquakes and 18 underground nuclear explosions recorded at the broadband, digital station WMQ in western China and over 100 earthquakes and 5 nuclear explosions at station AAK in Kyrgyzstan. The explosions are from the Kazakh Test Site (KTS) and Lop Nor, China. The earthquakes are mostly from northwest China. They have also evaluated a single suspected chemical explosion. Event magnitudes (m{sub b}) range between 2.5 and 6.5 and maximum event-station distance is about 1,700 km. Using these measurements the authors formed phase, spectral, cross-spectral, short-period/long-period, and long-period ratios to test many possible event discriminants. All ratios were corrected for distance effects before forming ratio-versus-magnitude discrimination plots. The authors found that all five classes of these discriminants are useful for separating earthquakes from explosions in central Asia, provided the right combinations of frequency bands and phases are selected. Results are described.

  7. Feast or famine: 1992 spot market review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There was nothing temperate about the uranium spot market in 1992. It was a year of extremes. Demand took off at a brisk pace early in the year as utilities, enticed by low U3O8 prices and interest rates, stepped up their discretionary purchases. With the NUKEM price range sinking to an all-time low of US$6.75-7.70 in November 1991, utilities reckoned that prices had bottomed out and decided to buy and hold material. Indeed, the upper end of NUKEM's range remained below $8.00 per lb for much of the first half of 1992. The main cause of low prices was the flood of imports from the crumbling Soviet Union and its successor, the Commonwealth of Independent States [CIS]. The CIS republics quickly embraced a free-market philosophy to boost their faltering economies, and several hoped to use uranium as a source of badly-needed hard currency. But they were about to get a harsh introduction to capitalism. It came in the form of government intervention, in both the US and Europe. In May, the US Department of Commerce made its preliminary determination that the uranium-producing republics of the CIS were selling material in the US at less than fair market value. The antidumping case was eventually settled in October when the CIS republics [Russia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan] signed suspension agreements subjecting CIS origin uranium to price and quantity quotas in the US.

  8. The Navruz Project: Transboundary Monitoring for Radionuclides and Metals in Central Asia Rivers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PASSELL, HOWARD D.; BARBER, DAVID S.; BETSILL, J. DAVID; LITTLEFIELD, ADRIANE C.; MOHAGHEGHI, AMIR H.; SHANKS, SONOYA T.; YULDASHEV, BEKHZAD; SALIKHBAEV, UMAR; RADYUK, RAISA; DJURAEV, AKRAM; DJURAEV, ANWAR; VASILIEV, IVAN; TOLONGUTOV,BAJGABYL; VALENTINA,ALEKHINA; SOLODUKHIN,VLADIMIR; POZNIAK,VICTOR

    2002-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The transboundary nature of water resources demands a transboundary approach to their monitoring and management. However, transboundary water projects raise a challenging set of problems related to communication issues, and standardization of sampling, analysis and data management methods. This manual addresses those challenges and provides the information and guidance needed to perform the Navruz Project, a cooperative, transboundary, river monitoring project involving rivers and institutions in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan facilitated by Sandia National Laboratories in the U.S. The Navruz Project focuses on waterborne radionuclides and metals because of their importance to public health and nuclear materials proliferation concerns in the region. This manual provides guidelines for participants on sample and data collection, field equipment operations and procedures, sample handling, laboratory analysis, and data management. Also included are descriptions of rivers, sampling sites and parameters on which data are collected. Data obtained in this project are shared among all participating countries and the public through an internet web site and are available for use in further studies and in regional transboundary water resource management efforts. Overall, the project addresses three main goals: to help increase capabilities in Central Asian nations for sustainable water resources management; to provide a scientific basis for supporting nuclear transparency and non-proliferation in the region; and to help reduce the threat of conflict in Central Asia over water resources, proliferation concerns, or other factors.

  9. After dumping agreement: A two-tiered market. [Uranium market transactions October 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In its largest increase since July 1990, the NUKEM price range for this month ended up at $9.50-$10.50. On October 16th, destined to become a landmark date in uranium industry history, the republics of Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Ukraine and the Russian Federation signed quantitative restraint agreements with the US Department of Commerce. Predictably, prices jumped significantly as sellers withdrew from the market. With Commerce's initial calculation of a $7.95 market price for determining the level of CIS imports over the next six months, it appears quite certain that prices for non-CIS origins will continue to rise. (CIS imports can only begin when Commerce determines that the market price has hit $13). There is the possibility that a two-tiered market could emerge in the future with lower prices being paid for CIS origins by those utilities not affected by Euratom or Commerce restrictions. However, at this point, most potential buyers falling into this category have opted to maintain a wait-and-see approach.

  10. Crystallographic analysis of the structure of livingstonite HgSb{sub 4}S{sub 8} from refined data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borisov, S. V., E-mail: borisov@che.nsk.su; Pervukhina, N. V.; Magarill, S. A.; Kuratieva, N. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation); Vasil'ev, V. I., E-mail: itret@uiggm.nsc.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)

    2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An X-ray diffraction study of mineral livingstonite (HgSb{sub 4}S{sub 8}) from Khaydarkan (Kyrgyzstan) has been performed on a Bruker Nonius X8Apex diffractometer with a 4K CCD detector (R = 0.031). The unit-cell parameters were found to be a = 30.1543(10) A, b = 3.9953(2) A, c = 21.4262(13) A, {beta} = 104.265(1){sup o}, V = 2501.7(2) A{sup 3}, Z = 8, d{sub calcd} = 5.013 g/cm{sup 3}, and sp. gr. A2/a. It was confirmed that livingstonite belongs to rod-layers structures. In one type of layer, two double Sb{sub 2}S{sub 4} chains are bound by disulfide groups [S{sub 2}]{sup 2-} (S-S 2.078(2) A); in the other type, these chains are bound via Hg{sup 2+} cations. A crystallographic analysis confirmed the existence of independent pseudotranslational ordering in the cation and anion matrices, which is characteristic of the lozenge-like structures of sulfides and sulfosalts.

  11. 10 points about buying C. I. S. [Settlement of uranium dumping case

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On October 16, 1992, the U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC) settled the antidumping case against the CIS republics by imposing price and volume quotas on CIS uranium imported into the United States. Bound by a suspension agreement, each of the six uranium-producing CIS republics is responsible for restricting the flow of imports to the US-either directly or indirectly. (As the NUKEM Market Report went to press, the Ukraine government notified the DOC of its intent not to terminate the suspension agreement.) This action is to prevent undercutting price levels in the US domestic uranium markets. What follows are ten points about everything you should know about importing uranium from the uranium-producing CIS republics- Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. Newcomers to the CIS scene should follow this simple roadmap and be aware of the issues they face as importers in terms of Commerce/Customs requirements and documentation and where to get them, when to buy the material and how to transport it, how to deal effectively with CIS exporters, and how to avoid unnecessary complications when buying CIS.

  12. The Nuvruz Project: Monitoring for Radionuclides and Metals in Central Asia Transboundary Rivers End of Year One Reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    YULDASHEV, BEKHZAD; SALIKHBAEV, UMAR; RADYUK, RAISA; DJURAEV, AKRAM; DJURAEV, ANWAR; VASILIEV, IVAN; TOLONGUTOV, BAJGABYL; VALENTINA, ALEKHINA; SOLODUKHIN, VLADIMIR; POZNIAK, VICTOR; LITTLEFIELD, ADRIANE C.

    2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Navruz Project is a cooperative, transboundary, river monitoring project involving rivers and institutions in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan facilitated by Sandia National Laboratories in the U.S. The Navruz Project focuses on waterborne radionuclides and metals because of their importance to public health and nuclear materials proliferation concerns in the region. Data obtained in this project are shared among all participating countries and the public through an internet web site and are available for use in further studies and in regional transboundary water resource management efforts. Overall, the project addresses three main goals: to help increase capabilities in Central Asian nations for sustainable water resources management; to provide a scientific basis for supporting nuclear transparency and non-proliferation in the region; and to help reduce the threat of conflict in Central Asia over water resources, proliferation concerns, or other factors. The Navruz project has a duration of three years. This document contains the reports from each of the participating institutions following the first year of data collection. While a majority of samples from the Navruz project are within normal limits, a preliminary analysis does indicate a high concentration of selenium in the Kazakhstan samples. Uzbekistan samples contain high uranium and thorium concentrations, as well as elevated levels of chromium, antimony and cesium. Additionally, elevated concentrations of radioactive isotopes have been detected at one Tajikistan sampling location. Further analysis will be published in a subsequent report.

  13. Lidar Measurements of the Vertical Distribution of Aerosol Optical and Physical Properties over Central Asia

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chen, Boris B.; Sverdlik, Leonid G.; Imashev, Sanjar A.; Solomon, Paul A.; Lantz, Jeffrey; Schauer, James J.; Shafer, Martin M.; Artamonova, Maria S.; Carmichael, Gregory R.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The vertical structure of aerosol optical and physical properties was measured by Lidar in Eastern Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, from June 2008 to May 2009. Lidar measurements were supplemented with surface-based measurements of PM2.5and PM10mass and chemical composition in both size fractions. Dust transported into the region is common, being detected 33% of the time. The maximum frequency occurred in the spring of 2009. Dust transported to Central Asia comes from regional sources, for example, Taklimakan desert and Aral Sea basin, and from long-range transport, for example, deserts of Arabia, Northeast Africa, Iran, and Pakistan. Regional sources are characterized by pollutionmore »transport with maximum values of coarse particles within the planetary boundary layer, aerosol optical thickness, extinction coefficient, integral coefficient of aerosol backscatter, and minimum values of the Ångström exponent. Pollution associated with air masses transported over long distances has different characteristics during autumn, winter, and spring. During winter, dust emissions were low resulting in high values of the Ångström exponent (about 0.51) and the fine particle mass fraction (64%). Dust storms were more frequent during spring with an increase in coarse dust particles in comparison to winter. The aerosol vertical profiles can be used to lower uncertainty in estimating radiative forcing.« less

  14. Low cost computer interface using eye tracking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zee, Bernard Chan Heng

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the modulator signal changes, the demodulator allows only 66k 1. 79 kHz 0 A) Clock Circuit using MC145848 Schmidt Trig Hex fnvertor OtoSv jn 50k 33k/ 150k + 0 to ? 10v 6) Demodulator Driver using LM741 Op Amp Vin o 100k 033uF 100k . 033uF Vout... noise in the input eye signals. Pin An2 is connected to the hardware micro- 29 Vdd Vdd 10k 10k (829)Vd 4. 7uF~ ~. tuF (831)Gn Vdd Vss lao Pa1 Pa2 Pa7 (820) CI (82) Res 10k Vdd 4. 7k Reset Pdo Pd1 Pd2 Pd3 Pd4 Pdfi Str8 BrA Dreq...

  15. Habitat types of the Eastern Cross Timbers of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcy, Larry Eugene

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Limestone 42. Falls c9 CV Pj CV lO S o E tO N 0 UJ D 0 ? J2 lO E 0 P C vl o c 0 4 Vl 41 N ID A N (3) provide shelter, nest sites, and den sites which are virtually absent or widely scattered in adjacent prairie and cropland, (4... mmril chio OCO %CO CF ril IA m hl IO hl chl m wm mNNWNNLA m4 o' N o 4' c ch c&e mrn mLALo Io c- CD o c 0 wco hl hl N 0 4 0 0 I I 0 CO cFIIA LAO chN I COP LAIC O m LA CF Lfi ril rn co CFI O chio m I NCOOCO N N m IA IO LA CFI N CI IO I...

  16. Depositional environment and hydrodynamic flow in Guadalupian Cherry Canyon sandstone, West Ford and West Geraldine fields, Delaware Basin, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linn, Anne Marie

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ' the particle in pixel-units is converted to size in microns by the microprocessor (Nazzullo and Kennedy, 1984). IIJ cd O 0 $0 ) M CM 0 Jaue cd 0 e '0 0 e c. 0 O IAIAMOCO I M CO Ooa C &LAO IA lfl N IA O CD r '0 al I al O O 0 al 0 D cd '0 3 0... lfl O IO N Ccc Ifl CO CLJ IA CA I IA O O IA CA N 0 IA Oc N I O IO fd O IA IA 0 0 '0 0 0 Id 0 cd 0 I 0 X 0 0 0 '0 e CD 0 cd 0 CI CJ I Q tc M C 0 0 8 0 0 e ID 0 C aj a O N CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO IQ IO LO N N Ifl N N N N...

  17. TESTING THE APODIZED PUPIL LYOT CORONAGRAPH ON THE LABORATORY FOR ADAPTIVE OPTICS EXTREME ADAPTIVE OPTICS TESTBED

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, Sandrine J.; Dillon, Daren; Gavel, Donald [Laboratory for Adaptive Optics, University of California/Lick Observatories, University of California Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Soummer, Remi [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Macintosh, Bruce [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave., Livermore, CA 94550 (United States); Sivaramakrishnan, Anand, E-mail: sthomas@ucolick.org, E-mail: dillon@ucolick.org, E-mail: gavel@ucolick.org, E-mail: soummer@stsci.edu, E-mail: macintosh1@mail.llnl.gov, E-mail: anand@amnh.org [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, 79th Street at Central Park West, New York, NY 10024 (United States)

    2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present testbed results of the Apodized Pupil Lyot Coronagraph (APLC) at the Laboratory for Adaptive Optics (LAO). These results are part of the validation and tests of the coronagraph and of the Extreme Adaptive Optics (ExAO) for the Gemini Planet Imager (GPI). The apodizer component is manufactured with a halftone technique using black chrome microdots on glass. Testing this APLC (like any other coronagraph) requires extremely good wavefront correction, which is obtained to the 1 nm rms level using the microelectricalmechanical systems (MEMS) technology, on the ExAO visible testbed of the LAO at the University of Santa Cruz. We used an APLC coronagraph without central obstruction, both with a reference super-polished flat mirror and with the MEMS to obtain one of the first images of a dark zone in a coronagraphic image with classical adaptive optics using a MEMS deformable mirror (without involving dark hole algorithms). This was done as a complementary test to the GPI coronagraph testbed at American Museum of Natural History, which studied the coronagraph itself without wavefront correction. Because we needed a full aperture, the coronagraph design is very different from the GPI design. We also tested a coronagraph with central obstruction similar to that of GPI. We investigated the performance of the APLC coronagraph and more particularly the effect of the apodizer profile accuracy on the contrast. Finally, we compared the resulting contrast to predictions made with a wavefront propagation model of the testbed to understand the effects of phase and amplitude errors on the final contrast.

  18. INVESTIGATION OF CRUSTAL MOTION IN THE TIEN SHAN USING INSAR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mellors, R J

    2011-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The northern Tien Shan of Central Asia is an area of active mid-continent deformation. Although far from a plate boundary, this region has experienced 5 earthquakes larger than magnitude 7 in the past century and includes one event that may as be as large as Mw 8.0. Previous studies based on GPS measurements indicate on the order of 23 mm/yr of shortening across the entire Tien Shan and up to 15 mm/year in the northern Tien Shan (Figure 1). The seismic moment release rate appears comparable with the geodetic measured slip, at least to first order, suggesting that geodetic rates can be considered a proxy for accumulation rates of stress for seismic hazard estimation. Interferometric synthetic aperture radar may provide a means to make detailed spatial measurements and hence in identifying block boundaries and assisting in seismic hazard. Therefore, we hoped to define block boundaries by direct measurement and by identifying and resolving earthquake slip. Due to political instability in Kyrgzystan, the existing seismic network has not performed as well as required to precisely determine earthquake hypocenters in remote areas and hence InSAR is highly useful. In this paper we present the result of three earthquake studies and show that InSAR is useful for refining locations of teleseismically located earthquakes. ALOS PALSAR data is used to investigate crustal motion in the Tien Shan mountains of Central Asia. As part of the work, considerable software development was undertaken to process PALSAR data. This software has been made freely available. Two damaging earthquakes have been imaged in the Tien Shan and the locations provided by ALOS InSAR have helped to refine seismological velocity models. A third earthquake south of Kyrgyzstan was also imaged. The use of InSAR data and especially L band is therefore very useful in providing groundtruth for earthquake locations.

  19. Regional phase excitation and propagation in the Lop Nor region of central Asia and implications for P/Lg discriminants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xie, J. [Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York (United States)] [Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York (United States); Patton, H.J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico (United States)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    {ital Pn} and {ital Lg} spectra for Lop Nor explosions and nearby earthquakes were analyzed for source and propagation effects using a modified inversion method of {ital Xie} [1993]. Spectral analyses were performed on waveform data from Incorporated Research Institution for Seismology, Chinese Digital Seismic Network, Kazakhstan, and Krgyzstan networks. {ital Pn} amplitude variations of a factor of 20 are observed across the small-aperture ({lt} 200 km) Kyrgyzstan network, and are probably related to three-dimensional Moho structure close to the network. Comparisons of {ital Pn} amplitudes and spectral ratios provide evidence for nonisotropic radiation pattern effects in the case of earthquakes and overshoot in explosion time histories. Complex source effects are born out in our inversion results: (1) logarithm of seismic moment (M{sub 0}) from {ital Pn} and {ital Lg} spectra scale linearly with body wave magnitude (m{sub b}) for explosions (5.0{le}m{sub b}{le}6.0) and for earthquakes (4.0{le}m{sub b}{le}5.5); (2) Pn; M{sub 0} estimates are similar to Lg; M{sub 0} for earthquakes but are higher than Lg; M{sub 0} for explosions; (3) corner frequency f{sub c} scale as quarter root of M{sub 0} for explosions and cube root for earthquakes; (4) at the same M{sub 0} level, Pn; f{sub c} are 4{endash}5 times higher than Lg; f{sub c} for earthquakes and explosions; and (5) {ital Pn} source spectra are characterized by significant overshoot for explosions. Our results suggest that the cause of maximum separation between earthquake and explosion populations on plots of P/Lg spectral ratios, which typically occurs for frequencies above explosion Pn f{sub c} (between 2 and 4 Hz for explosions in this study), may be related to overshoot in the reduced velocity potential. {copyright} 1999 American Geophysical Union

  20. Calibrating the MKAR array using transfer functions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Renwald, M. D. (Marie D.); Taylor, S. R. (Steven R.); Wallace, Terry C.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Developing regional discriminants (RDs) at any given seismic station requires a ground-truth database of waveforms from both earthquakes and explosions. Recently installed stations used for seismic monitoring have no single charge explosions on which to base discriminants. We have developed a procedure to map information from surrogate stations, having a long recording history, to newly installed operational stations. We investigated a method to compute transfer functions using known effective 13Ds for a database of earthquakes and explosions located near the Lop Nor nuclear test site and recorded at the KNET array in Kyrgyzstan. For specific source-station paths, transfer functions work well. However, preliminary analysis of India and Pakistan nuclear tests indicate strong azimuthal dependence in the construction of reliable transfer functions. The success of the preliminary work suggests we can apply the same technique to calibrate the recently installed MKAR array using the Global Seismic Network station MAKZ as a surrogate. Both MKAR, an 11-element array operational since 2000, and MAKZ (including its earlier counterpart MAK), operating very broadband instruments since 1994, are located in Eastern Kazakhstan and separated by 25 km. To perform the calibration requires additional considerations not taken into account during the initial investigation: (1) utilizing amplitude spectra, rather than using RDs, to calculate transfer functions; (2) computing transfer functions for a range of azimuths, as we believe the transfer function are azimuthally dependent; and (3) determining whether working with each array element separately or developing a single-input/multiple-output model will provide more stable results and better error estimates.

  1. Saudi Aramco details 1990 surge in oil production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on Saudi Arabian Oil Co. that has jumped its crude oil production 29% to an average 6,257,600 b/d last year. That was Saudi Arabia's response to Iraq's Aug. 2, 1990, invasion of Kuwait and the ensuing Persian Gulf crisis with its United Nations embargo on Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports. It was Saudi Aramco's biggest average crude oil volume since the 6,327,220 b/d gauged in 1982, according to the company's 1990 annual report. By the end of 1990 Saudi Aramco's maximum sustained production capability was 8.5 million b/d of crude. To meet long term demand, it decided to advance the timetable and increase the scope of a crude oil expansion program adopted in 1989. Reserves at the end of the year were 257.9 billion bbl of crude and 180.5 tcf of dissolved, associated, and non-associated natural gas, compared with 257.5 billion bbl and 180.355 tcf at yearend 1989.

  2. 3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Husseini, M. [Gulf PetroLink, Manama (Bahrain); Chimblo, R. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

  3. The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

  4. Tectonic synthesis of the northern Arabian platform

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Everett, J.R.; Russell, O.R.; Stasxkowski, R.J.; Loyd, S.P.; Tabbutt, V.M. (Earth Satellite Corp., Chevy Chase, MD (USA)); Dolan, P.; Stein, A. (Dolan and Associates, Richmond (England)); Scott, J. (Petroleum Geological Analysis, Ltd., Reading (England))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The creation and destruction of Tethys oceans from the early Mesozoic to the present has created a complex suture zone along the Zagros/Bitlus trend. The fundamental interactions are between the Arabian and Euasian plates, but several microplates trapped between the major plates further complicate the tectonic fabric of the region. On the west, the Arabian plate slides past the African plate and the Sinai microplate along the Levant fault. The Palmyrides are related to a bend in this plate boundary and are not an offset extension of the Syrian arc. As Arabia penetrates Eurasia the Anatolian block is escaping to the west along the northern (right-lateral) and eastern (left-lateral) faults. Convergence of the Eurasian and Arabian plates resulted in ophiolite abduction (Late Cretaceous), followed by continent-continent collision (Miocene to present). The zone of collision is marked by the Bitlis-Zagrosa suture. Structural features associated with the collision include overthrusting, impactogens, and complexly folded and faulted mountain systems. Intensity and complexity of structuring decreases southward into open long-wavelength folds on the Arabian Platform. The fortuitous combination of rich source rocks, abundant reservoir rocks with primary and fracture porosity, and numerous trapping structures make this an extraordinary prolific hydrocarbon province. A structural and lithologic interpretation of 53 contiguous Landsat Multispectral Scanner scenes covering all of Syria, Iraq, and Kuwait, and portions of Turkey, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia has provided insights into the tectonic history of this area and its hydrocarbon accumulation.

  5. CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  6. CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  7. World crude output overcomes Persian Gulf disruption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several OPEC producers made good on their promises to replace 2.7 MMbpd of oil exports that vanished from the world market after Iraq took over Kuwait. Even more incredibly, they accomplished this while a breathtaking 1.2- MMbopd reduction in Soviet output took place during the course of 1991. After Abu Dhabi, Indonesia, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela turned the taps wide open, their combined output rose 2.95 MMbopd. Put together with a 282,000-bopd increase by Norway and contributions from smaller producers, this enabled world oil production to remain within 400,000 bopd of its 1990 level. The 60.5-MMbopd average was off by just 0.7%. This paper reports that improvement took place in five of eight regions. Largest increases were in Western Europe and Africa. Greatest reductions occurred in Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Fifteen nations produced 1 MMbopd or more last year, compared with 17 during 1990.

  8. Need for refining capacity creates opportunities for producers in Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, M.S.S. (Bahrain National Oil Co., Awali (Bahrain))

    1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil industry interest in refining has revived in the past few years in response to rising oil consumption. The trend creates opportunities, for countries in the Middle East, which do not own refining assets nearly in proportion to their crude oil reserved. By closing this gap between reserves and refining capacity, the countries can ease some of the instability now characteristic of the oil market. Some major oil producing countries have begun to move downstream. During the 1980s, Venezuela, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries acquired refining assets through direct total purchase or joint ventures. Nevertheless, the oil industry remains largely unintegrated, with the Middle East holding two thirds of worldwide oil reserves but only a small share downstream. As worldwide refining capacity swings from a period of surplus toward one in which the need for new capacity will be built. The paper discusses background of the situation, shrinking surplus, investment requirements, sources of capital, and shipping concerns.

  9. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report, (January 1, 1992--March 31, 1992)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94-163), approved on December 22, 1975, and extended in July 1985, June 1989, March 1990, and September 1990, to reduce the impact of disruptions in petroleum supplies and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report is submitted in accordance with section 165(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, which requires that the Secretary of Energy submit quarterly reports to Congress on activities undertaken with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Since the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage program for the 750 million barrels was completed in 1991, this May 15, 1992, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report focuses on activities related primarily to the storage facilities status, oil acquisition, budget, and cost of the Reserve during the period January 1, 1992, through March 31, 1992. On February 24, 1992, Secretary James D. Watkins announced that he had directed the Department to reenter the international spot market to resume fill of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Oil purchases for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve were suspended on August 2, 1990, when Iraq's invasion of Kuwait raised concerns about the stability of world petroleum supplies. On March 17, 1992, a solicitation for offers to deliver crude oil to the Reserve was issued by the Defense Fuel Supply Center, the Department's crude oil purchasing agent for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

  10. Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Annual/quarterly report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) facilities development for the authorized 750 million barrel program was completed in 1991. Expansion of the SPR`s offsite commercial distribution capacity to 4.3 million barrels per day is in progress. During calendar year 1991, the SPR`s crude oil storage capacity increased by 61 million barrels with the completion of caverns at the Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw sites. On January 16, 1991, in conjunction with the beginning of Operation Desert Storm, President Bush ordered a drawdown and distribution of Strategic Petroleum Reserve oil as part of a coordinated contingency plan agreed to by member countries of the International Energy Agency. The Department successfully conducted the drawdown during the period January 17 through March 31 and delivered a total of 17.2 million barrels of crude oil to 13 purchasers. There were no crude oil deliveries to the SPR during the year ending December 31, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of December 31, 1991, the SPR inventory was 568.5 million barrels.

  11. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This August 15, 1991, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1991, through June 30, 1991. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage facilities development program is proceeding on schedule. The Reserve's capacity is currently 726 million barrels. A total of 5.5 million barrels of new gross cavern volume was developed at Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw during the quarter. There were no crude oil deliveries to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve during the calendar quarter ending June 30, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of June 30, 1991, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve inventory was 568.5 million barrels. The reorganization of the Office of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve became effective June 28, 1991. Under the new organization, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Project Management Office in Louisiana will report to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program Office in Washington rather than the Oak Ridge Field Office in Tennessee. 2 tabs.

  12. Strategic Petroleum Reserve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) facilities development for the authorized 750 million barrel program was completed in 1991. Expansion of the SPR's offsite commercial distribution capacity to 4.3 million barrels per day is in progress. During calendar year 1991, the SPR's crude oil storage capacity increased by 61 million barrels with the completion of caverns at the Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw sites. On January 16, 1991, in conjunction with the beginning of Operation Desert Storm, President Bush ordered a drawdown and distribution of Strategic Petroleum Reserve oil as part of a coordinated contingency plan agreed to by member countries of the International Energy Agency. The Department successfully conducted the drawdown during the period January 17 through March 31 and delivered a total of 17.2 million barrels of crude oil to 13 purchasers. There were no crude oil deliveries to the SPR during the year ending December 31, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of December 31, 1991, the SPR inventory was 568.5 million barrels.

  13. Effect of Surface Termination on the Electonic Properties of LaNiO? Films

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kumah, Divine P. [Yale Univ., Center for Research on Interface Structures and Phenomena and Department of Applied Physics, New Haven, CT (United States); Malashevich, Andrei [Yale Univ., Center for Research on Interface Structures and Phenomena and Department of Applied Physics, New Haven, CT (United States); Disa, Ankit S. [Yale Univ., Center for Research on Interface Structures and Phenomena and Department of Applied Physics, New Haven, CT (United States); Arena, Dario A. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, National Synchrotron Light Source, Upton, NY (United States); Walker, Fred J. [Yale Univ., Center for Research on Interface Structures and Phenomena and Department of Applied Physics, New Haven, CT (United States); Ismail-Beigi, Sohrab [Yale Univ., Center for Research on Interface Structures and Phenomena and Department of Applied Physics, New Haven, CT (United States); Ahn, Charles H. [Yale Univ., Center for Research on Interface Structures and Phenomena and Department of Applied Physics, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, New Haven, CT (United States)

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The electronic and structural properties of thin LaNiO? films grown by using molecular beam epitaxy are studied as a function of the net ionic charge of the surface terminating layer. We demonstrate that electronic transport in nickelate heterostructures can be manipulated through changes in the surface termination due to a strong coupling of the surface electrostatic properties to the structural properties of the Ni—O bonds that govern electronic conduction. We observe experimentally and from first-principles theory an asymmetric response of the structural properties of the films to the sign of the surface charge, which results from a strong interplay between electrostatic and mechanical boundary conditions governing the system. The structural response results in ionic buckling in the near-surface NiO? planes for films terminated with negatively charged NiO? and bulklike NiO? planes for films terminated with positively charged LaO planes. The ability to modify transport properties by the deposition of a single atomic layer can be used as a guiding principle for nanoscale device fabrication.

  14. Effect of Surface Termination on the Electonic Properties of LaNiO? Films

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kumah, Divine P.; Malashevich, Andrei; Disa, Ankit S.; Arena, Dario A.; Walker, Fred J.; Ismail-Beigi, Sohrab; Ahn, Charles H.

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The electronic and structural properties of thin LaNiO? films grown by using molecular beam epitaxy are studied as a function of the net ionic charge of the surface terminating layer. We demonstrate that electronic transport in nickelate heterostructures can be manipulated through changes in the surface termination due to a strong coupling of the surface electrostatic properties to the structural properties of the Ni—O bonds that govern electronic conduction. We observe experimentally and from first-principles theory an asymmetric response of the structural properties of the films to the sign of the surface charge, which results from a strong interplay betweenmore »electrostatic and mechanical boundary conditions governing the system. The structural response results in ionic buckling in the near-surface NiO? planes for films terminated with negatively charged NiO? and bulklike NiO? planes for films terminated with positively charged LaO planes. The ability to modify transport properties by the deposition of a single atomic layer can be used as a guiding principle for nanoscale device fabrication.« less

  15. Integrating spatial support tools into strategic planning-SEA of the GMS North-South Economic Corridor Strategy and Action Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramachandran, Pavit, E-mail: pramachandran@adb.org [Environment Specialist (Regional Cooperation), Southeast Asia Department, Asian Development Bank, Manila (Philippines); Linde, Lothar, E-mail: lothar.linde@yahoo.de [Asian Development Bank Greater Mekong Subregion Environment Operations Center (RETA 6289), The Offices at Central World 23F, Bangkok (Thailand)

    2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The GMS countries, supported by the Asian Development Bank, have adopted a holistic, multidimensional approach to strengthen infrastructural linkages and facilitate cross border trade through (i) the establishment of a trans-boundary road connecting two economic nodes across marginalised areas, followed by 2) facilitation of environmentally and socially sound investments in these newly connected areas as a means to develop livelihoods. The North-South Economic Corridor is currently in its second phase of development, with investment opportunities to be laid out in the NSEC Strategy and Action Plan (SAP). It targets the ecologically and culturally sensitive border area between PR China's Yunnan Province, Northern Lao PDR, and Thailand. A trans-boundary, cross-sectoral Strategic Environmental Assessment was conducted to support the respective governments in assessing potential environmental and social impacts, developing alternatives and mitigation options, and feeding the findings back into the SAP writing process. Given the spatial dimension of corridor development-both with regard to opportunities and risks-particular emphasis was put in the application of spatial modelling tools to help geographically locate and quantify impacts as a means to guide interventions and set priorities.

  16. Hydrogeophysical methods for analyzing aquifer storage and recovery systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Minsley, B.J.; Ajo-Franklin, J.; Mukhopadhyay, A.; Morgan, F.D.

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrogeophysical methods are presented that support the siting and monitoring of aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) systems. These methods are presented as numerical simulations in the context of a proposed ASR experiment in Kuwait, although the techniques are applicable to numerous ASR projects. Bulk geophysical properties are calculated directly from ASR flow and solute transport simulations using standard petrophysical relationships and are used to simulate the dynamic geophysical response to ASR. This strategy provides a quantitative framework for determining site-specific geophysical methods and data acquisition geometries that can provide the most useful information about the ASR implementation. An axisymmetric, coupled fluid flow and solute transport model simulates injection, storage, and withdrawal of fresh water (salinity {approx}500 ppm) into the Dammam aquifer, a tertiary carbonate formation with native salinity approximately 6000 ppm. Sensitivity of the flow simulations to the correlation length of aquifer heterogeneity, aquifer dispersivity, and hydraulic permeability of the confining layer are investigated. The geophysical response using electrical resistivity, time-domain electromagnetic (TEM), and seismic methods is computed at regular intervals during the ASR simulation to investigate the sensitivity of these different techniques to changes in subsurface properties. For the electrical and electromagnetic methods, fluid electric conductivity is derived from the modeled salinity and is combined with an assumed porosity model to compute a bulk electrical resistivity structure. The seismic response is computed from the porosity model and changes in effective stress due to fluid pressure variations during injection/recovery, while changes in fluid properties are introduced through Gassmann fluid substitution.

  17. Refining industry trends: Europe and surroundings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guariguata, U.G.

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The European refining industry, along with its counterparts, is struggling with low profitability due to excess primary and conversion capacity, high operating costs and impending decisions of stringent environmental regulations that will require significant investments with hard to justify returns. This region was also faced in the early 1980s with excess capacity on the order of 4 MMb/d and satisfying the {open_quotes}at that point{close_quotes} demand by operating at very low utilization rates (60%). As was the case in the US, the rebalancing of the capacity led to the closure of some 51 refineries. Since the early 1990s, the increase in demand growth has essentially balanced the capacity threshold and utilization rates are settled around the 90% range. During the last two decades, the major oil companies have reduced their presence in the European refining sector, giving some state oil companies and producing countries the opportunity to gain access to the consumer market through the purchase of refining capacity in various countries-specifically, Kuwait in Italy; Libya and Venezuela in Germany; and Norway in other areas of Scandinavia. Although the market share for this new cast of characters remains small (4%) relative to participation by the majors (35%), their involvement in the European refining business set the foundation whereby US independent refiners relinquished control over assets that could not be operated profitably as part of a previous vertically integrated structure, unless access to the crude was ensured. The passage of time still seems to render this model valid.

  18. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report, [January 1, 1992--March 31, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) was created pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94-163), approved on December 22, 1975, and extended in July 1985, June 1989, March 1990, and September 1990, to reduce the impact of disruptions in petroleum supplies and to carry out obligations of the United States under the Agreement on an International Energy Program. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report is submitted in accordance with section 165(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, which requires that the Secretary of Energy submit quarterly reports to Congress on activities undertaken with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Since the Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage program for the 750 million barrels was completed in 1991, this May 15, 1992, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report focuses on activities related primarily to the storage facilities status, oil acquisition, budget, and cost of the Reserve during the period January 1, 1992, through March 31, 1992. On February 24, 1992, Secretary James D. Watkins announced that he had directed the Department to reenter the international spot market to resume fill of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Oil purchases for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve were suspended on August 2, 1990, when Iraq`s invasion of Kuwait raised concerns about the stability of world petroleum supplies. On March 17, 1992, a solicitation for offers to deliver crude oil to the Reserve was issued by the Defense Fuel Supply Center, the Department`s crude oil purchasing agent for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

  19. Hard X-ray Fluorescence Measurements of Heteroepitaxial Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathode Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, Jacob N.; Miara, Lincoln J.; Saraf, Laxmikant V.; Kaspar, Tiffany C.; Gopalan, Srikanth; Pal, Uday B.; Woicik, Joseph C.; Basu, Soumendra N.; Ludwig, Karl F.

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commonly, SOFCs are operated at high temperatures (above 800°C). At these temperatures expensive housing is needed to contain an operating stack as well as coatings to contain the oxidation of the metallic interconnects. Lowering the temperature of an operating device would allow for more conventional materials to be used, thus lowering overall cost. Understanding the surface chemical states of cations in the surface of the SOFC cathode is vital to designing a system that will perform well at lower temperatures. The samples studied were grown by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) at the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). 20% strontium doped lanthanum manganite (LSM-20) was grown on YSZ and NGO (neodymium gallate). The films on YSZ have a fiber texture. LSM-20 on NGO is heteroepitaxial. Lanthanum strontium cobalt ferrite (LSCF-6428) films were grown on LAO and YSZ with a GDC barrier layer. Total X-ray Reflection Fluorescence (TXRF) was used to depth profile the samples. In a typical experiment, the angle of the incident beam is varied though the critical angle. Below the critical angle, the x-ray decays as an evanescent wave and will only penetrate the top few nanometers. TXRF experiments done on LSM films have suggested strontium segregates to the surface and form strontium enriched nanoparticles (1). It should be pointed out that past studies have focused on 30% strontium A-site doping, but this project uses 20% strontium doped lanthanum manganite. XANES and EXAFS data were taken as a function of incoming angle to probe composition as a function of depth. XANES spectra can be difficult to analyze fully. For other materials density functional theory calculations compared to near edge measurements have been a good way to understand the 3d valence electrons (2).

  20. Low temperature thermoelastic and structural properties of LaGaO{sub 3} perovskite in the Pbnm phase

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knight, Kevin S., E-mail: kevin.knight@stfc.ac.uk [ISIS Facility, STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell Oxford, Dicot, Oxfordshire, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Department of Mineralogy, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD (United Kingdom)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The thermoelastic and structural properties of LaGaO{sub 3} perovskite have been studied using high resolution neutron diffractometry at 158 temperatures between 11 K and 548 K. Data collected in 2 K intervals between 410 K and 430 K show no evidence for an intermediate phase between the low temperature phase in space group Pbnm and the high temperature phase in space group F3{sup Macron }2/n. From a simultaneous fit of the unit cell volume and the isochoric heat capacity, the phonon density of states in the Pbnm phase is shown to be approximated by a two-term Debye model, with characteristic temperatures 294(1) K and 831(1) K. Vibrational Debye temperatures, determined from fitting the temperature variation of the atomic displacement parameters, show the cations to be more associated with the lower characteristic temperature, whilst that for the anions, is closer to the higher characteristic temperature. Structural parameters are presented as the amplitudes of the seven symmetry-adapted basis-vectors of the aristotype phase, and a structural basis for the temperature-dependence of the bond lengths is outlined. The phase transition in both temperature and pressure arises when a non-bonded La-O distance approaches the La coordination sphere. - Graphical abstract: The weight fraction of the rhombohedral phase of LaGaO{sub 3} from the onset of the phase transition at 408 K to its completion at 430 K. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thermoelastic properties of LaGaO{sub 3} analyzed as a two-term Debye model. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Crystal structure and bonding analyzed in terms of symmetry-adapted basis-vectors. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Consistency between calorimetric and crystallographic measurements.

  1. Alkoxide routes to Inorganic Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, George H [ORNL

    2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An all alkoxide solution chemistry utilizing metal 2-methoxyethoxide complexes in 2-methoxyethanol was used to deposit thin-films of metal oxides on single-crystal metal oxide substrates and on biaxially textured metal substrates. This same chemistry was used to synthesize complex metal oxide nanoparticles. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy was used to study precursor solutions of the alkaline niobates and tantalates. Film crystallization temperatures were determined from x-ray diffraction patterns of powders derived from the metal oxide precursor solutions. Film structure was determined via x-ray diffraction. Film morphology was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Epitaxial thin-films of strontium bismuth tantalate (SrBi{sub 2}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 9}, SBT) and strontium bismuth niobate (SrBi{sub 2}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 9}, SBN) were deposited on single crystal [1 0 0] magnesium oxide (MgO) buffered with lanthanum manganate (LaMnO{sub 3}, LMO). Epitaxial thin films of LMO were deposited on single crystal [100] MgO via Rf-magnetron sputtering and on single crysal [100] lanthanum aluminate (LaAlO{sub 3}) via the chemical solution deposition technique. Epitaxial thin-films of sodium potassium tantalate (na{sub 0.5}K{sub 0.5}TaO{sub 3}, NKT), sodium potassium niobate (Na{sub 0.5}K{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 3}, NKN) and sodium potassium tantalum niobate (Na{sub 0.5}K{sub 0.5}Ta{sub 0.5}O{sub 3}, NKTN) were deposited on single crystal [1 0 0] lanthanum aluminate and [1 0 0] MgO substrates (NKT and NKN) and biaxially textured metal substrates via the chemical solution deposition technique. Epitaxial growth of thin-films of NKT, NKN and NKTN was observed on LAO and Ni-5% W. Epitaxial growth of thin-films of NKN and the growth of c-axis aligned thin-films of NKT was observed on MgO. Nanoparticles of SBT, SBN, NKT and NKN were synthesized in reverse micelles from alkoxide precursor solutions. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron spectroscopy investigations reveal that amorphous nanoparticles ({approx} 5 nm) of SBT and SBN were synthesized. X-ray diffraction investigations reveal that nanoparticles ({approx} nm) of NKT and NKN were also synthesized by this method.

  2. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures - 1) Mobile phones and Africa: a success story 2) Citizen Problem Solving

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are hosted by the partners of the Citizen Cyberscience Centre, CERN, The UN Institute of Training and Research and the University of Geneva. The goal of the Lectures is to provide an inspirational forum for participants from the various international organizations and academic institutions in Geneva to explore how information technology is enabling greater citizen participation in tackling global development challenges as well as global scientific research. The first Citizen Cyberscience Lectures will welcome two speakers who have both made major innovative contributions in this area. Dr. Mo Ibrahim, founder of Celtel International, one of Africa’s most successful mobile network operators, will talk about “Mobile phones and Africa: a success story”. Dr. Alpheus Bingham, founder of InnoCentive, a Web-based community that solves industrial R&D; challenges, will discuss “Citizen Problem Solving”. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are open and free of charge. Participants from outside CERN must register by sending an email to Yasemin.Hauser@cern.ch BEFORE the 23rd october to be able to access CERN. THE LECTURES Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Abstract The introduction of mobile phones into Africa changed the continent, enabling business and the commercial sector, creating directly and indirectly, millions of jobs. It enriched the social lives of many people. Surprisingly, it supported the emerging civil society and advanced the course of democracy Bio Dr Mo Ibrahim is a global expert in mobile communications with a distinguished academic and business career. In 1998, Dr Ibrahim founded Celtel International to build and operate mobile networks in Africa. Celtel became one of Africa’s most successful companies with operations in 15 countries, covering more than a third of the continent’s population and investing more than US$750 million in Africa. The company was sold to MTC Kuwait in 2005 for $3.4billion. In 2006 Dr Ibrahim established the Mo Ibrahim Foundation to support great African leadership. The Foundation focuses on two major initiatives to stimulate debate around, and improve the quality of, governance in Africa. The Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership recognises and celebrates excellence; and the Ibrahim Index of African Governance provides civil society with a comprehensive and quantifiable tool to promote government accountability. Dr Ibrahim is also Founding Chairman of Satya Capital Ltd, an investment company focused on opportunities in Africa. Dr Ibrahim has been awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies, the University of Birmingham and De Montfort University, Leicester as well as an Honorary Fellowship Award from the London Business School. He has also received the Chairman’s Award for Lifetime Achievement from the GSM Association in 2007 and the Economists Innovation Award 2007 for Social & Economic Innovation. In 2008 Dr Ibrahim was presented with the BNP Paribas Prize for Philanthropy, and also listed by TIME magazine as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive Abstract American playwright Damien Runyon (Guys and Dolls) once remarked, "the race is not always to the swift, nor the victory to the strong -- but that IS how you bet." Not only does a system of race handicapping follow from this logic, but the whole notion of expertise and technical qualifications. Such 'credentials' allow one to 'bet' on who might most likely solve a difficult challenge, whether as consultant, contractor or employee. Of course, the approach would differ if one were allowed to bet AFTER the race. When such systems came into broad use, i.e., chat rooms, usenets, innocentive, etc., and were subsequently studied, it was often found that the greate

  3. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures - 1) Mobile phones and Africa: a success story 2) Citizen Problem Solving

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are hosted by the partners of the Citizen Cyberscience Centre, CERN, The UN Institute of Training and Research and the University of Geneva. The goal of the Lectures is to provide an inspirational forum for participants from the various international organizations and academic institutions in Geneva to explore how information technology is enabling greater citizen participation in tackling global development challenges as well as global scientific research. The first Citizen Cyberscience Lectures will welcome two speakers who have both made major innovative contributions in this area. Dr. Mo Ibrahim, founder of Celtel International, one of Africa?s most successful mobile network operators, will talk about ?Mobile phones and Africa: a success story?. Dr. Alpheus Bingham, founder of InnoCentive, a Web-based community that solves industrial R&D; challenges, will discuss ?Citizen Problem Solving?. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are open and free of charge. Participants from outside CERN must register by sending an email to Yasemin.Hauser@cern.ch BEFORE the 23rd october to be able to access CERN. THE LECTURES Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Abstract The introduction of mobile phones into Africa changed the continent, enabling business and the commercial sector, creating directly and indirectly, millions of jobs. It enriched the social lives of many people. Surprisingly, it supported the emerging civil society and advanced the course of democracy Bio Dr Mo Ibrahim is a global expert in mobile communications with a distinguished academic and business career. In 1998, Dr Ibrahim founded Celtel International to build and operate mobile networks in Africa. Celtel became one of Africa?s most successful companies with operations in 15 countries, covering more than a third of the continent?s population and investing more than US$750 million in Africa. The company was sold to MTC Kuwait in 2005 for $3.4billion. In 2006 Dr Ibrahim established the Mo Ibrahim Foundation to support great African leadership. The Foundation focuses on two major initiatives to stimulate debate around, and improve the quality of, governance in Africa. The Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership recognises and celebrates excellence; and the Ibrahim Index of African Governance provides civil society with a comprehensive and quantifiable tool to promote government accountability. Dr Ibrahim is also Founding Chairman of Satya Capital Ltd, an investment company focused on opportunities in Africa. Dr Ibrahim has been awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University of London?s School of Oriental and African Studies, the University of Birmingham and De Montfort University, Leicester as well as an Honorary Fellowship Award from the London Business School. He has also received the Chairman?s Award for Lifetime Achievement from the GSM Association in 2007 and the Economists Innovation Award 2007 for Social & Economic Innovation. In 2008 Dr Ibrahim was presented with the BNP Paribas Prize for Philanthropy, and also listed by TIME magazine as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive Abstract American playwright Damien Runyon (Guys and Dolls) once remarked, "the race is not always to the swift, nor the victory to the strong -- but that IS how you bet." Not only does a system of race handicapping follow from this logic, but the whole notion of expertise and technical qualifications. Such 'credentials' allow one to 'bet' on who might most likely solve a difficult challenge, whether as consultant, contractor or employee. Of course, the approach would differ if one were allowed to bet AFTER the race. When such systems came into broad use, i.e., chat rooms, usenets, innocentive, etc., and were subsequently studied, it was often found that the greatest probability of solu

  4. Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S

    2001-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFOTM exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer-coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the center-point of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SAS{trademark} access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).

  5. Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFO{trademark} exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer- coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the centerpoint of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SASTM access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).