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1

A simple semiclassical approach to Kramers' problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that Wigner-Leggett-Caldeira equation for Wigner phase space distribution function which describes the quantum Brownian motion of a particle in a force field in a high temerature, Ohmic environment can be identified as a semiclassical version of Kramers' equation. Based on an expansion in powers of $\\hbar$ we solve this equation to calculate the semiclassical correction to Kramers' rate.

Jyotipratim Ray Chaudhuri; Bidhan Chandra Bag; Deb Shankar Ray

1999-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

2

Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation in the case of variable friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the small mass asymptotics (Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation) for the Langevin equation with a variable friction coefficient. The limit of the solution in the classical sense does not exist in this case. We study a modification of the Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation. Some applications of the Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation to problems with fast oscillating or discontinuous coefficients are considered.

Mark Freidlin; Wenqing Hu

2012-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

3

E-Print Network 3.0 - antelope valley california Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Antelope Valley Solar Ranch One Maricopa Sun Solar... Complex Project T-Squared Inc. California Valley Solar Ranch Topaz Solar Farm Lost Hills Synapse Solar 2... Kramer...

4

David Kramer | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesData Files Data Files 1 EIA BestDavid Hoyt RecentParticles,Kramer

5

Cost increases at fusion project going critical David Kramer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost increases at fusion project going critical David Kramer Citation: Phys. Today 66(7), 24 (2013 Office to figure out how much the project will cost and what the US will have to pay. During a hearing. Congress can't evaluate the cost without a project baseline." Feinstein said she'd been told by DOE

6

Nanotube junctions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention comprises a new nanoscale metal-semiconductor, semiconductor-semiconductor, or metal-metal junction, designed by introducing topological or chemical defects in the atomic structure of the nanotube. Nanotubes comprising adjacent sections having differing electrical properties are described. These nanotubes can be constructed from combinations of carbon, boron, nitrogen and other elements. The nanotube can be designed having different indices on either side of a junction point in a continuous tube so that the electrical properties on either side of the junction vary in a useful fashion. For example, the inventive nanotube may be electrically conducting on one side of a junction and semiconducting on the other side. An example of a semiconductor-metal junction is a Schottky barrier. Alternatively, the nanotube may exhibit different semiconductor properties on either side of the junction. Nanotubes containing heterojunctions, Schottky barriers, and metal-metal junctions are useful for microcircuitry.

Crespi, Vincent Henry (Darien, IL); Cohen, Marvin Lou (Berkeley, CA); Louie, Steven Gwon Sheng (Berkeley, CA); Zettl, Alexander Karlwalter (Kensington, CA)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Josephson junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel method for fabricating nanometer geometry electronic devices is described. Such Josephson junctions can be accurately and reproducibly manufactured employing photolithographic and direct write electron beam lithography techniques in combination with aqueous etchants. In particular, a method is described for manufacturing planar Josephson junctions from high temperature superconducting material.

Wendt, Joel R. (Albuquerque, NM); Plut, Thomas A. (Albuquerque, NM); Martens, Jon S. (Sunnyvale, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Josephson junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel method for fabricating nanometer geometry electronic devices is described. Such Josephson junctions can be accurately and reproducibly manufactured employing photolithographic and direct write electron beam lithography techniques in combination with aqueous etchants. In particular, a method is described for manufacturing planar Josephson junctions from high temperature superconducting material. 10 figs.

Wendt, J.R.; Plut, T.A.; Martens, J.S.

1995-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

9

Reversible compression of an optical piston through Kramers dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the reversible crossover between stable and bistable phases of an over-damped Brownian bead inside an optical piston. The interaction potentials are solved developing a method based on Kramers' theory that exploits the statistical properties of the stochastic motion of the bead. We evaluate precisely the energy balance of the crossover. We show that the deformation of the optical potentials induced by the compression of the piston is related to a production of heat which measures the non-adiabatic character of the crossover. This reveals how specific thermodynamic processes can be designed and controlled with a high level of precision by tailoring the optical landscapes of the piston.

Schnoering, Gabriel

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Nesting Success of California Least Terns at the Guerrero Negro Saltworks, Baja California Sur, Mexico, 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... TERNS AT THE GUERRERO NEGRO SALTWORKS, BAJA CALIFORNIA SUR, MEXICO, 2005 ANTONIO GUTIÉRREZ-AGUILAR, Exportadora de Sal, S. A. de C. ... Kramer, G. W., and Migoya, R. 1989. The Pacific coast of Mexico, in Habitat management for migrating and wintering waterfowl in North ...

11

PlanDirected Architectural Change For Autonomous Daniel Sykes, William Heaven, Jeff Magee, Jeff Kramer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plan­Directed Architectural Change For Autonomous Systems Daniel Sykes, William Heaven, Jeff Magee, Jeff Kramer Department of Computing Imperial College London {das05, wjh00, j.magee, j

Leavens, Gary T.

12

Plan-Directed Architectural Change For Autonomous Daniel Sykes, William Heaven, Jeff Magee, Jeff Kramer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plan-Directed Architectural Change For Autonomous Systems Daniel Sykes, William Heaven, Jeff Magee, Jeff Kramer Department of Computing Imperial College London {das05, wjh00, j.magee, j

Leavens, Gary T.

13

Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s Editor: Bill Kramer (wtkramer@lbl.gov)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-59999 Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s Editor: Bill Kramer (wtkramer Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s 1 Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s In the next

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

14

KRAMER AND SARGENT VOL. 5 ' NO. 11 ' 85068514 ' 2011 www.acsnano.org  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Colloidal Quantum Dot Photovoltaics. CQDs are semiconductor nanoparticles synthe- sized in, and processed American Chemical Society Colloidal Quantum Dot Photovoltaics: A Path Forward Illan J. Kramer and Edward H- ogies, it is imperative to account also for balance of systems (BoS) costs associated with complete

15

Tunnel effect and symmetries for Kramers Fokker-Planck type operators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- values. R´esum´e Nous ´etudions des op´erateurs de type Kramers-Fokker-Planck dans la lim- ite semi are real and exponentially small, and establish the complete semiclassical asymptotics for these eigen ´etablissons leur asymp- totique semi-classique compl`ete. Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 Review of some results

Hérau, Frédéric

16

Holographic Josephson Junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We construct a gravitational dual of a Josephson junction. Calculations on the gravity side reproduce the standard relation between the current across the junction and the phase difference of the condensate. We also study the dependence of the maximum current on the temperature and size of the junction and reproduce familiar results.

Horowitz, Gary T.; Santos, Jorge E.; Way, Benson [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-4030 (United States)

2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

17

A Holographic Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a gravitational dual of a Josephson junction. Calculations on the gravity side reproduce the standard relation between the current across the junction and the phase difference of the condensate. We also study the dependence of the maximum current on the temperature and size of the junction and reproduce familiar results.

Gary T. Horowitz; Jorge E. Santos; Benson Way

2012-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

18

GaInP/GaAs dual junction solar cells on Ge/Si epitaxial templates Melissa J. Archer,1,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GaInP/GaAs dual junction solar cells on Ge/Si epitaxial templates Melissa J. Archer,1,a Daniel C Richard R. King,2 and Harry A. Atwater1 1 California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA 2 Spectrolab, Inc., Sylmar, California 91342, USA 3 Aonex Technologies, Pasadena, California 91106

Atwater, Harry

19

Holographic SIS Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a holographic model for the superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) Josephson junction at zero temperature by considering a complex scalar field coupled with a U(1) gauge field in the four dimensional Anti de Sitter soliton background. As a result, we successfully reproduce many characteristic features of the Josephson junction in condensed matter physics, such as the sine relation between the DC current and the phase difference across the junction.

Wang, Yong-Qiang; Cai, Rong-Gen; Takeuchi, Shingo; Zhang, Hai-Qing

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Josephson junction element  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A sandwich-type josephson junction element wherein a counter electrode is made of a mo-re alloy which contains 10-90 atomic-% of re. The josephson junction element has a high operating temperature, and any deterioration thereof attributed to a thermal cycle is not noted.

Kawabe, U.; Tarutani, Y.; Yamada, H.

1982-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kramer junction california" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Three-junction solar cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photovoltaic solar cell is formed in a monolithic semiconductor. The cell contains three junctions. In sequence from the light-entering face, the junctions have a high, a medium, and a low energy gap. The lower junctions are connected in series by one or more metallic members connecting the top of the lower junction through apertures to the bottom of the middle junction. The upper junction is connected in voltage opposition to the lower and middle junctions by second metallic electrodes deposited in holes 60 through the upper junction. The second electrodes are connected to an external terminal.

Ludowise, Michael J. (Cupertino, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Holographic SIS Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a holographic model for the superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) Josephson junction at zero temperature by considering a complex scalar field coupled with a Maxwell field in the four-dimensional anti-de Sitter soliton background. From the gravity side we reproduce the sine relation between the Josephson current and the phase difference across the junction. We also study the dependence of the maximal current on the dimension of the condensate operator and on the width of the junction, and obtain expected results.

Yong-Qiang Wang; Yu-Xiao Liu; Rong-Gen Cai; Shingo Takeuchi; Hai-Qing Zhang

2012-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

23

FIRST DEMONSTRATION OF MONOLITHIC InP-BASED InAlAs/InGaAsP/InGaAs TRIPLE JUNCTION SOLAR CELLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FIRST DEMONSTRATION OF MONOLITHIC InP-BASED InAlAs/InGaAsP/InGaAs TRIPLE JUNCTION SOLAR CELLS Robyn C. Law 1 1 Spectrolab, Inc., A Boeing Company, Sylmar, California 91342, USA 2 California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA ABSTRACT Spectrolab has demonstrated the first lattice matched In

Atwater, Harry

24

In Press. To appear in A. Kramer, D. Wiegmann, & A. Kirlik (Eds.) Attention: From Theory to Practice. New York: Oxford.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In Press. To appear in A. Kramer, D. Wiegmann, & A. Kirlik (Eds.) Attention: From Theory forgot to set the hydraulic pumps to the high position, which was part of the normal procedure of these accidents, but a central aspect of each accident was the failure of the crew #12;In Press. To appear in A

25

XEM: Managing the Evolution of XML Documents Hong Su, Diane Kramer, Li Chen, Kajal Claypool and Elke A. Rundensteiner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

XEM: Managing the Evolution of XML Documents Hong Su, Diane Kramer, Li Chen, Kajal Claypool- uments for management. However, both the data and the structure of XML documents tend to change over time emerging as a standard format for data representation on the web. In many applications, spe- cific document

Madiraju, Praveen

26

The mixed WentzelKramersBrillouin-full-wave approach and its application to lower hybrid wave propagation and absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wentzel­Kramers­Brillouin-full-wave approach and its application to lower hybrid wave propagation propagation and absorption, e.g., lower hybrid waves. As a novel method, its comparison with other approaches, e.g., WKB and beam tracing methods, is discussed. Its application to lower hybrid wave propagation

Zonca, Fulvio

27

The Smoluchowski-Kramers limit of stochastic differential equations with arbitrary state-dependent friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a class of systems of stochastic differential equations describing diffusive phenomena. The Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation is used to describe their dynamics in the small mass limit. Our systems have arbitrary state-dependent friction and noise coefficients. We identify the limiting equation and, in particular, the additional drift term that appears in the limit is expressed in terms of the solution to a Lyapunov matrix equation. The proof uses a theory of convergence of stochastic integrals developed by Kurtz and Protter. The result is sufficiently general to include systems driven by both white and Ornstein-Uhlenbeck colored noises. We discuss applications of the main theorem to several physical phenomena, including the experimental study of Brownian motion in a diffusion gradient.

Scott Hottovy; Austin McDaniel; Giovanni Volpe; Jan Wehr

2014-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

28

Solution of the Kramers' problem about isothermal sliding of moderately dense gas with accomodation boundary conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Half-space boundary Kramers' problem about isothermal sliding of moderate dense gas with accomodation boundary conditions along a flat firm surface is solving. The new method of the solution of boundary problems of the kinetic theory is applied (see JVMMF, 2012, 52:3, 539-552). The method allows to receive the solution with arbitrary degree of accuracy. The idea of representation of boundary condition on distribution function in the form of source in the kinetic equation serves as the basis for the method mentioned above. By means of Fourier integrals the kinetic equation with a source comes to the Fredholm integral equation of the second kind. The solution has been received in the form of Neumann's number.

A. V. Latyshev; A. D. Kurilov

2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

29

Modeling Schottky barrier SINIS junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: cond-mat/0001269 J. K. Freericks, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2001 #12;Josephson). J. K. Freericks, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2001 S I S I I V V Ic #12 University, Josephson Junction talk, 2001 S N S I I V V Ic #12;Digital Electronics and RSFQ logic · Rapid

Freericks, Jim

30

Superconductive tunnel junction integrated circuit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Josephson Junction integrated circuits of the current injection type and magnetically controlled type utilize a superconductive layer that forms both Josephson Junction electrode for the Josephson Junction devices on the integrated circuit as well as a ground plane for the integrated circuit. Large area Josephson Junctions are utilized for effecting contact to lower superconductive layers and islands are formed in superconductive layers to provide isolation between the groundplane function and the Josephson Junction electrode function as well as to effect crossovers. A superconductor-barrier-superconductor trilayer patterned by local anodization is also utilized with additional layers formed thereover. Methods of manufacturing the embodiments of the invention are disclosed.

Jillie, D.W. Jr.; Smith, L.N.

1984-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

31

Spin Torques in Magnetic and Superconducting Tunnel Junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Josephson Junctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Nonlinear Dynamics in a Magnetic Josephson Junction . . . .in a magnetic Josephson junction. ” Phys. Rev. B, 86:

Hoffman, Silas Eli

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Information California,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ge, Sridevi Parise, Padhraic Smyth Information and Computer Science University of California, Irvine

Smyth, Padhraic

33

Pump-probe model for the Kramers-Kronig relations in a laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we study theoretically a pump-probe model for the Kramers-Kronig (KK) relations during laser operation. A laser gain medium at steady state becomes saturated and the lasing field experiences a flat gain equal to the cavity loss. A solution of the laser equations reveals that the lasing frequency experiences a dispersion that is linear over the allowed bandwidth. However, outside this band, the lasing stops, so that the dispersion is that of the unsaturated gain medium. The combined profile is therefore non-analytical, and cannot be explained in terms of the KK relations. In order to interpret this situation, it is important to consider carefully the physical basis of the KK relations and its connection to causality. We conclude that the KK relation is expected to apply only to an independent probe applied to the medium, which is under excitation by the pump producing the gain as well as the lasing mode. The absorption/gain and dispersion profiles are then analytical, and satisfy the KK-relations. Specifically, these are variants of the so-called Mollow-Ezekiel spectra of probe absorption/gain and dispersion in the presence of a pump, with the exception that in this case the medium is inverted.

Honam Yum; Selim M. Shahriar

2010-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

34

A Microscopic Examination of the Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Microscopic Examination of the Josephson Junction J. K. Freericks, P. Miller, and M. Jarrell Review, 1999 #12;Introduction · The Josephson-Junction Computer · Maximize · Resistively Shunted Junction

Freericks, Jim

35

Macroscopic quantum tunneling in Josephson junctions -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Macroscopic quantum tunneling in Josephson junctions - a method to characterise a well-shielded low Theory 5 1. The classical theory of Josephson junctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 1-Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2. Josephson junction dynamics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.1 The basics

Gross, Rudolf

36

CALIFORNIA ENERGY CALIFORNIA'S STATE ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CALIFORNIA'S STATE ENERGY EFFICIENT APPLIANCE REBATE PROGRAM INITIAL November 2009 CEC-400-2009-026-CMD Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor #12;#12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Program Manager Paula David Supervisor Appliance and Process Energy Office Valerie T. Hall Deputy Director

37

Josephson junction Q-spoiler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An automatic Q-spoiler comprising at least one Josephson tunnel junction connected in an LC circuit for flow of resonant current therethrough. When in use in a system for detecting the magnetic resonance of a gyromagnetic particle system, a high energy pulse of high frequency energy irradiating the particle system will cause the critical current through the Josephson tunnel junctions to be exceeded, causing the tunnel junctions to act as resistors and thereby damp the ringing of the high-Q detection circuit after the pulse. When the current has damped to below the critical current, the Josephson tunnel junctions revert to their zero-resistance state, restoring the Q of the detection circuit and enabling the low energy magnetic resonance signals to be detected.

Clarke, John (Berkeley, CA); Hilbert, Claude (Austin, TX); Hahn, Erwin L. (Berkeley, CA); Sleator, Tycho (Berkeley, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Josephson junction Q-spoiler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An automatic Q-spoiler comprising at least one Josephson tunnel junction connected in an LC circuit for flow of resonant current therethrough. When in use in a system for detecting the magnetic resonance of a gyromagnetic particle system, a high energy pulse of high frequency energy irradiating the particle system will cause the critical current through the Josephson tunnel junctions to be exceeded, causing the tunnel junctions to act as resistors and thereby damp the ringing of the high-Q detection circuit after the pulse. When the current has damped to below the critical current, the Josephson tunnel junctions revert to their zero-resistance state, restoring the Q of the detection circuit and enabling the low energy magnetic resonance signals to be detected.

Clarke, J.; Hilbert, C.; Hahn, E.L.; Sleator, T.

1986-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

39

Duality in Josephson Junction Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Various properties of mesoscopic two-dimensional Josephson junction arrays are reviewed. Particular attention is paid to structure of the topological excitations, charges and vortices, which are shown to be dual to each other. This duality persists in the presence of external magnetic fields and offset charges, which influence vortices and charges in an equivalent way. A double-layer junction array is also considered, where an even further reaching duality is discovered.

Ya. M. Blanter; Rosario Fazio; Gerd Schoen

1997-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

40

California Solar Initiative California Public Utilities Commission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

..................................................................................... 30 5.8 California Solar Initiative Increases Statewide GridInstalled Capacity by 40 Percent since California Solar Initiative California Public Utilities Commission Staff Progress Report July 2008 #12;California Solar Initiative, CPUC Staff Progress Report, July 2008

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kramer junction california" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

California Solar Initiative California Public Utilities Commission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Solar Initiative California Public Utilities Commission Staff Progress Report January 2008 #12;California Solar Initiative, CPUC Staff Progress Report, January 2008 This page intentionally left blank. #12;California Solar Initiative, CPUC Staff Progress Report, January 2008 Table of Contents

42

California Public Utilities Commission California Solar Initiative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Public Utilities Commission California Solar Initiative Program Handbook May 2014 #12, Sonoma, CA Courtesy: SolarCraft #12;Table of Contents i California Solar Initiative Program Handbook September 2012 1. Introduction: California Solar Initiative Program

43

Noise-induced dephasing of an ac-driven Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider phase-locked dynamics of a Josephson junction driven by finite-spectral-linewidth ac current. By means of a transformation, the effect of frequency fluctuations is reduced to an effective additive noise, the corresponding (large) dephasing time being determined, in the logarithmic approximation, by the Kramers' expression for the lifetime. For sufficiently small values of the drive's amplitude, direct numerical simulations show agreement of the dependence of the dephasing activation energy on the ac-drive's spectral linewidth and amplitude with analytical predictions. Solving the corresponding Fokker-Planck equation analytically, we find a universal dependence of a critical value of the effective phase-diffusion parameter on the drive's amplitude at a point of a sharp transition from the phase-locked state to an unlocked one. For large values of the drive amplitude, saturation and subsequent decrease of the activation energy are revealed by simulations, which cannot be accounted for by the perturbative analysis. The same new effect is found for a previously studied case of ac-driven Josephson junctions with intrinsic thermal noise. The work was performed in the framework of a cooperation agreement between Consiglio Nazionale di Ricerca (Italy) and the Israeli Ministry of Science and Technology.

Giovanni Filatrella; Boris A. Malomed; Sergio Pagano

2002-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

44

California Energy Commission GUIDELINES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Energy Commission GUIDELINES GUIDELINES FOR CALIFORNIA'S SOLAR guidelines for solar energy system incentive programs in California. The Senate Bill 1, California Solar Initiative, CSI, New Solar Homes Partnership, NSHP, California Energy Commission

45

California Energy Commission GUIDELINES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Energy Commission GUIDELINES GUIDELINES FOR CALIFORNIA'S SOLAR ELECTRIC INCENTIVE Bill 1, this document presents guidelines for solar energy system incentive programs in California the California Solar Initiative and the New Solar Homes Partnership. This legislation requires the California

46

Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in a Double Well Atomic Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

observation of these Josephson junction resonances. 2.dressed Bose condensed Josephson junction Let us consider ain a Double Well Atomic Josephson Junction J.O. Weatherall

Weatherall, J. O.; Search, C. P.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Comparison of the ESP Benchmark with Observed System Utilization Adrian T. Wong, William T. C. Kramer, Leonid Oliker, and David H. Bailey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of the ESP Benchmark with Observed System Utilization Adrian T. Wong, William T. C. Kramer, Leonid Oliker, and David H. Bailey National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center Lawrence of configuration changes and software upgrades in existing systems, but are evolving this benchmark to provide

Bailey, David H.

48

P. R. Darke, R. L. Benedicktus and M. K. Brady Kramer, R. (1999) "Trust and Distrust in Organizations: Emerging Perspectives, Enduring Questions,"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;P. R. Darke, R. L. Benedicktus and M. K. Brady Kramer, R. (1999) "Trust and Distrust Relationships," Academy ofManagement Review, 23Guly): 472-90. Main, K., Dahl, D. and Darke, P.R. (2007-56. Reichheld, F. and Schefter, P. (2000) "E-Loyalty: Your Secret Weapon on the Web," Harvard Business Review

Brody, James P.

49

Coso Junction, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin:2003) |Cordova Electric Coop,Cosmo Powertech Pvt Ltd Jump

50

CALIFORNIA SOLAR DATA MANUAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

room )I I( I I ,i I CALIFORNIA SOLAR DATA MANUAL I. ! I ienergy resource. The California Solar Data Manual describestowards fulfilling California's solar data needs is the

Berdahl, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

About California Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Submissions. California Agriculture manages the peer reviewread our CALIFORNIA AGRICULTURE • VOLUME 67 , NUMBER 2Carol Lovatt California Agriculture (ISSN 0008-0845, print,

Editor, The

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

About California Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Form 3579” to California Agriculture at the address above. ©Submissions. California Agriculture manages the peer reviewour Writing CALIFORNIA AGRICULTURE • VOLUME 66 , NUMBER 4

Editors, The

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

About California Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Submissions. California Agriculture manages the peer reviewread our CALIFORNIA AGRICULTURE • VOLUME 67 , NUMBER 1Carol Lovatt California Agriculture (ISSN 0008-0845, print,

Editor, The

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Alexey Ustinov Two-level fluctuators in Josephson junctions Josephson junction as a tool to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alexey Ustinov Two-level fluctuators in Josephson junctions Josephson junction as a tool;Alexey Ustinov Two-level fluctuators in Josephson junctions Outline JJ phase qubit Microwave spectroscopy. Ustinov. ArXiv:0909.3425 #12;Alexey Ustinov Two-level fluctuators in Josephson junctions Josephson tunnel

Fominov, Yakov

55

Precision measurement with an optical Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a new type of Josephson device, the so-called "optical Josephson junction" as proposed in Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 95}, 170402 (2005). Two condensates are optically coupled through a waveguide by a pair of Bragg beams. This optical Josephson junction is analogous to the usual Josephson junction of two condensates weakly coupled via tunneling. We discuss the use of this optical Josephson junction, for making precision measurements.

H. T. Ng; K. Burnett; J. A. Dunningham

2006-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

56

Precision measurement with an optical Josephson junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a theoretical study of a type of Josephson device, the so-called 'optical Josephson junction' [Y. Shin et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 170402 (2005).]. In this device, two condensates are optically coupled through a waveguide by a pair of Bragg beams. This optical Josephson junction differs from the usual Josephson junction where condensates are weakly coupled by tunneling through a barrier. We discuss the use of this optical Josephson junction, for making precision measurements.

Ng, H. T.; Burnett, K. [Clarendon Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom); Dunningham, J. A. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, LS2 9JT (United Kingdom)

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

57

Dynamics of Josephson-junction ladders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have numerically studied dynamical behaviors of Josephson-junction ladders consisting of [ital N][sub [ital p

Kim, J. (Department of Physics, Basic Science Research Institute, Pohang Institute of Science and Technology, Pohang P.O. Box 125, Kyungbuk 790-600 (Korea, Republic of) Division of Basic Science Research, Research Institute of Industrial Science and Technology, Pohang P.O. Box 135, Kyungbuk 790-600 (Korea, Republic of)); Choe, W.G.; Kim, S. (Department of Physics, Basic Science Research Institute, Pohang Institute of Science and Technology, Pohang P.O. Box 125, Kyungbuk 790-600 (Korea, Republic of)); Lee, H.J. (Department of Physics, Basic Science Research Institute, Pohang Institute of Science and Technology, Pohang P.O. Box 125, Kyungbuk 790-600 (Korea, Republic of) Division of Basic Science Research, Research Institute of Industrial Science and Technology, Pohang P.O. Box 135, Kyungbuk 790-600 (Korea, Republic of))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

California Solar Initiative California Public Utilities Commission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Solar Initiative California Public Utilities Commission Staff Progress Report January 2009 #12;2 California Solar Initiative CPUC Staff Progress Report - January 2009 The California Public progress on the California Solar Initiative, the country's largest solar incentive program. In January 2007

59

California Solar Initiative California Public Utilities Commission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Solar Initiative California Public Utilities Commission Staff Progress Report October 2008 #12;2 California Solar Initiative CPUC Staff Progress Report - October 2008 The California Public progress on the California Solar Initiative, the country's largest solar incentive program. In January 2007

60

Quantum effects in nanoscale Josephson junction circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum effects in nanoscale Josephson junction circuits SILVIA CORLEVI Doctoral Thesis Stockholm Josephson junction arrays with SQUID geometry. TRITA FYS 2006:31 ISSN 0280-316X ISRN KTH/FYS/­06:31­SE ISBN study on single-charge effects in nanoscale Josephson junctions and Cooper pair transistors (CPTs

Haviland, David

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kramer junction california" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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61

Josephson-junction logic device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Josephson-junction logic device having inductances and forming and AND circuit is described comprising: at least two superconductive loops, each having at least two Josephson-junction elements and a loop inductance connected between each of at least two Josephson-junction elements; at least two logic input signal lines, operatively connected to receive input currents, for supplying logic input signals; a bias line, operatively connected to at least two super conductive loops, for supplying a bias current to at least two superconductive loops, the bias current satisfying the condition vertical bar I/sub ml/ vertical bar > vertical bar I/sub mo/ vertical bar, where I/sub ml/ is a first threshold current, for switching the AND circuit, determined when at least two logic input signal lines receive different magnitude input currents and where I/sub mo/ is a second threshold current for switching the AND circuit, determined when at least two logic input signal lines receive the same magnitude input currents; and output terminals, operatively connected to one of at least two Josephson-junction elements, for outputting a logic output signal as a result of a logic operation performed on the logic input signals, whereby an operating margin of the AND circuit is expanded.

Suzuki, H.

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

California Geothermal Energy Collaborative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Geothermal Energy Collaborative Geothermal Education and Outreach Guide of California Davis, and the California Geothermal Energy Collaborative. We specifically would like to thank support of the California Geothermal Energy Collaborative. We also thank Charlene Wardlow of Ormat for her

63

Method of manufacturing Josephson junction integrated circuits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Josephson junction integrated circuits of the current injection type and magnetically controlled type utilize a superconductive layer that forms both Josephson junction electrode for the Josephson junction devices on the integrated circuit as well as a ground plane for the integrated circuit. Large area Josephson junctions are utilized for effecting contact to lower superconductive layers and islands are formed in superconductive layers to provide isolation between the groudplane function and the Josephson junction electrode function as well as to effect crossovers. A superconductor-barrier-superconductor trilayer patterned by local anodization is also utilized with additional layers formed thereover. Methods of manufacturing the embodiments of the invention are disclosed.

Jillie Jr., D. W.; Smith, L. N.

1985-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

64

California’s Energy Future: Transportation Energy Use in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy, University of California, Berkeley (on leave) and Chief Technical Specialist for Renewable Energy

Yang, Christopher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

OBSERVATION OF ZERO POINT FLUCTUATIONS IN A RESISTIVELY SHUNTED JOSEPHSON TUNNEL JUNCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resistively shunted Josephson junctions in which quantumresistively shunted Josephson junction. For measurementresistively shunted Josephson junction in the quantum limit.

Koch, Roger H.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Josephson junctions and dark energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a recent paper Beck and Mackey [astro-ph/0603397] argue that the argument we gave in our paper [Phys. Lett. B 606, 77 (2005)] to disprove their claim that dark energy can be discovered in the Lab through noise measurements of Josephson junctions is incorrect. In particular, they emphasize that the measured noise spectrum in Josephson junctions is a consequence of the fluctuation dissipation theorem, while our argument was based on equilibrium statistical mechanics. In this note we show that the fluctuation dissipation relation does not depend upon any shift of vacuum (zero-point) energies, and therefore, as already concluded in our previous paper, dark energy has nothing to do with the proposed measurements.

Philippe Jetzer; Norbert Straumann

2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

67

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION California Energy Commission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASSOCIATION, AND THE VOTE SOLAR INITIATIVE FOR SOCIETAL COST-BENEFIT EVALUATION OF CALIFORNIA'S NET ENERGY undertake a study of the societal costs and benefits ofthe net energy metering ("NEM") program authorized, CALIFORNIA CENTER FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, CALIFORNIA ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE ALLIANCE, CALIFORNIA SOLAR ENERGY

68

California's Environmental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-2011 #12;Local Governments Shape How Communities Grow photostock #12;California is investing in communities and planning · Strategic Growth Council ­ Planning grants ­ Modeling improvement grants ­ MPO-State Agency Associates for OPR #12;Sustainable Communities Provide Fiscal Benefits to Local Governments $0.0 $20.0 $40

California at Davis, University of

69

Microwave photonics with Josephson junction arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce an architecture for a photonic crystal in the microwave regime based on superconducting transmission lines interrupted by Josephson junctions. A study of the scattering properties of a single junction in the line shows that the junction behaves as a perfect mirror when the photon frequency matches the Josephson plasma frequency. We generalize our calculations to periodic arrangements of junctions, demonstrating that they can be used for tunable band engineering, forming what we call a quantum circuit crystal. As a relevant application, we discuss the creation of stationary entanglement between two superconducting qubits interacting through a disordered media.

Zueco, David; Solano, Enrique; García-Ripoll, Juan José

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Holographic p-wave Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we generalized holographic model for s-wave DC Josephson junction constructed in arXiv:1101.3326[hep-th] to a holographic description for p-wave Josephson junction. By solving numerically the coupled equations of motion of Yang-Mills theory for a non-Abelian SU(2) gauge fields in (3+1)-dimensional AdS spacetimes, we shown that DC current of the p-wave Josephson junction is proportional to the sine of the phase difference across the junction like the s-wave case.

Wang, Yong-Qiang; Zhao, Zhen-Hua

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Holographic p-wave Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we generalized holographic model for s-wave DC Josephson junction constructed in arXiv:1101.3326[hep-th] to a holographic description for p-wave Josephson junction. By solving numerically the coupled equations of motion of Yang-Mills theory for a non-Abelian SU(2) gauge fields in (3+1)-dimensional AdS spacetimes, we shown that DC current of the p-wave Josephson junction is proportional to the sine of the phase difference across the junction like the s-wave case.

Yong-Qiang Wang; Yu-Xiao Liu; Zhen-Hua Zhao

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

72

Method for shallow junction formation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A doping sequence that reduces the cost and complexity of forming source/drain regions in complementary metal oxide silicon (CMOS) integrated circuit technologies. The process combines the use of patterned excimer laser annealing, dopant-saturated spin-on glass, silicide contact structures and interference effects creates by thin dielectric layers to produce source and drain junctions that are ultrashallow in depth but exhibit low sheet and contact resistance. The process utilizes no photolithography and can be achieved without the use of expensive vacuum equipment. The process margins are wide, and yield loss due to contact of the ultrashallow dopants is eliminated.

Weiner, Kurt H. (San Jose, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Method for shallow junction formation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A doping sequence is disclosed that reduces the cost and complexity of forming source/drain regions in complementary metal oxide silicon (CMOS) integrated circuit technologies. The process combines the use of patterned excimer laser annealing, dopant-saturated spin-on glass, silicide contact structures and interference effects creates by thin dielectric layers to produce source and drain junctions that are ultrashallow in depth but exhibit low sheet and contact resistance. The process utilizes no photolithography and can be achieved without the use of expensive vacuum equipment. The process margins are wide, and yield loss due to contact of the ultrashallow dopants is eliminated. 8 figs.

Weiner, K.H.

1996-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

74

Josephson junction between anisotropic superconductors Roman G. Mints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Josephson junction between anisotropic superconductors Roman G. Mints School of Physics 50011 Received 1 February 1999 Sin-Gordon equation for Josephson junctions with arbitrary misaligned, the contacts have Josephson properties. Hence, physical charac- teristics of Josephson junctions

Mints, Roman G.

75

Superconducting Tunnel Junctions as Direct Detectors for Submillimeter Astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Superconducting Tunnel Junctions as Direct Detectors for Submillimeter Astronomy A Dissertation 2008 by John Daniel Teufel. All rights reserved. #12;Abstract Superconducting Tunnel Junctions on the of performance of superconducting tunnel junctions (STJ) as direct detectors for submillimeter radiation. Over

76

California's Water Energy Relationship  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.........................................................................................................................7 THE ENERGY INTENSITY OF THE WATER USE CYCLE.........................................................................................9 ENERGY INTENSITY IN NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA1 CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION California's Water ­ Energy Relationship Prepared in Support

77

Dark energy and Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been recently claimed that dark energy can be (and has been) observed in laboratory experiments by measuring the power spectrum S{sub I}(?) of the noise current in a resistively shunted Josephson junction and that in new dedicated experiments, which will soon test a higher frequency range, S{sub I}(?) should show a deviation from the linear rising observed in the lower frequency region because higher frequencies should not contribute to dark energy. Based on previous work on theoretical aspects of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem, we carefully investigate these issues and show that these claims are based on a misunderstanding of the physical origin of the spectral function S{sub I}(?). According to our analysis, dark energy has never been (and will never be) observed in Josephson junctions experiments. We also predict that no deviation from the linear rising behavior of S{sub I}(?) will be observed in forthcoming experiments. Our findings provide new (we believe definite) arguments which strongly support previous criticisms.

Branchina, Vincenzo [Department of Physics, University of Catania, Via Santa Sofia 64, I-95123, Catania (Italy); Liberto, Marco Di; Lodato, Ivano, E-mail: vincenzo.branchina@ct.infn.it, E-mail: madiliberto@ssc.unict.it, E-mail: ivlodato@ssc.unict.it [Scuola Superiore di Catania, Via S. Nullo 5/i, Catania (Italy)

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Arnold Schwarzenegger CALIFORNIA OCEAN WAVE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor CALIFORNIA OCEAN WAVE ENERGY ASSESSMENT Prepared For: California this report as follows: Previsic, Mirko. 2006. California Ocean Wave Energy Assessment. California Energy Systems Integration · Transportation California Ocean Wave Energy Assessment is the final report

79

Quantum Junction Solar Cells Jiang Tang,,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum Junction Solar Cells Jiang Tang,, Huan Liu,, David Zhitomirsky,§ Sjoerd Hoogland,§ Xihua, 1037 Luoyu Road, Wuhan, Hubei 430074, China § Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering-type and p-type materials to create the first quantum junction solar cells. We present a family

80

California's electricity crisis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The collapse of California's electricity restructuring and competition program has attracted attention around the world. Prices in California's competitive wholesale electricity market increased by 500% between the second ...

Joskow, Paul L.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kramer junction california" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Demand Response In California  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers the demand response in California and is given at the FUPWG 2006 Fall meeting, held on November 1-2, 2006 in San Francisco, California.

82

NUCLEAR POWER in CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NUCLEAR POWER in CALIFORNIA: 2007 STATUS REPORT CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION October 2007 CEC-100, California Contract No. 700-05-002 Prepared For: California Energy Commission Barbara Byron, Senior Nuclear public workshops on nuclear power. The Integrated Energy Policy Report Committee, led by Commissioners

83

California Energy Commission GUIDELINES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Energy Commission GUIDELINES GUIDELINES FOR CALIFORNIA'S SOLAR ELECTRIC INCENTIVE, this document presents guidelines for solar energy system incentive programs in California. Senate Bill 1 is the culmination of the Governor's Million Solar Roofs Initiative, expanding upon the California Solar Initiative

84

delta-biased Josephson tunnel junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The behavior of a long Josephson tunnel junction drastically depends on the distribution of the dc bias current. We investigate the case in which the bias current is fed in the central point of a one-dimensional junction. Such junction configuration has been recently used to detect the persistent currents circulating in a superconducting loop. Analytical and numerical results indicate that the presence of fractional vortices leads to remarkable differences from the conventional case of uniformly distributed dc bias current. The theoretical findings are supported by detailed measurements on a number of delta-biased samples having different electrical and geometrical parameters.

Monaco, R.; Mygind, J.; Koshelets, V. P.; Dmitriev, P. [Istituto di Cibernetica del CNR, 80078 Pozzuoli (Italy) and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Salerno, 84081 Baronissi (Italy); DTU Physics, Technical University of Denmark, B309, DK-2800 Lyngby (Denmark); Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science, Mokhovaya 11, Bldg. 7, 125009 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Tuning a short coherence length Josephson junction through a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tuning a short coherence length Josephson junction through a metal-insulator transition J. K University, Josephson Junction talk, 2001 #12;Josephson Tunnel Junctions · A Superconductor maintaining nonhysteretic behavior. J. K. Freericks, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2001 S N

Freericks, Jim

86

THE USE OF SUPERCONDUCTING JUNCTIONS IN MAGNETOMETRY By J. CLARKE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-8 gauss. In the second part, we discuss the properties of a type of Josephson junction in which] junctions in parallel. A Josephson junction consists of two superconductors separated by an insulating =|03C8|ei~, where 1 03C8|2 represents the density of condensed pairs. In a Josephson junction

Boyer, Edmond

87

JOSEPHSON JUNCTION MIXER USING AN EXTERNAL LOCAL OSCILLATOR (*)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

255 JOSEPHSON JUNCTION MIXER USING AN EXTERNAL LOCAL OSCILLATOR (*) H. KANTER Electronic Research, studied the use of Josephson junctions as microwave mixers on the basis of the highly damped junction indicate that conversion as well as noise properties of Josephson junctions require more detailed studies

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

88

Tunnel junction multiple wavelength light-emitting diodes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multiple wavelength LED having a monolithic cascade cell structure comprising at least two p-n junctions, wherein each of said at least two p-n junctions have substantially different band gaps, and electrical connector means by which said at least two p-n junctions may be collectively energized; and wherein said diode comprises a tunnel junction or interconnect. 5 figs.

Olson, J.M.; Kurtz, S.R.

1992-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

89

Tunnel junction multiple wavelength light-emitting diodes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multiple wavelength LED having a monolithic cascade cell structure comprising at least two p-n junctions, wherein each of said at least two p-n junctions have substantially different band gaps, and electrical connector means by which said at least two p-n junctions may be collectively energized; and wherein said diode comprises a tunnel junction or interconnect.

Olson, Jerry M. (Lakewood, CO); Kurtz, Sarah R. (Golden, CO)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Self-consistent modeling of charge redistributions in Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-consistent modeling of charge redistributions in Josephson junctions J. K. Freericks, Josephson Junction talk, 2000 #12;Josephson Proximity-Effect Junctions · A Superconductor-Normal metal, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2000 S N S I I V V Ic #12;Andreev Bound States · At an N

Freericks, Jim

91

Superconductor-Correlated metal-Superconductor Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Superconductor-Correlated metal- Superconductor Josephson junctions for high-speed digital. Freericks, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2002 #12;Josephson Tunnel Junctions). J. K. Freericks, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2002 S I S I I V V Ic #12

Freericks, Jim

92

Self-consistent modeling of SINIS and SNSNS Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-consistent modeling of SINIS and SNSNS Josephson junctions J. K. Freericks Collaborators: Paul of Naval Research. J. K. Freericks, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2000 #12;Josephson University, Josephson Junction talk, 2000 S I S I I V V Ic #12;Josephson Proximity-Effect Junctions

Freericks, Jim

93

Immigration reform and California agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reform and California agriculture Philip Martin Professor,proposals for California agriculture. Immigration reformCenter. 196 CALIFORNIA AGRICULTURE • VOLUME 67 , NUMBER 4

Martin, Philip

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Optoelectronic switching of addressable molecular crossbar junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This letter reports on the observation of optoelectronic switching in addressable molecular crossbar junctions fabricated using polymer stamp-printing method. The active medium in the junction is a molecular self-assembled monolayer softly sandwiched between gold electrodes. The molecular junctions are investigated through currentvoltage measurements at varied temperature (from 95 to 300 K) in high vacuum condition. The junctions show reversible optoelectronic switching with the highest on/off ratio of 3 orders of magnitude at 95 K. The switching behavior is independent of both optical wavelength and molecular structure, while it strongly depends on the temperature. Initial analysis indicates that the distinct binding nature of the molecule/electrode interfaces play a dominant role in the switching performance.

J. C. Li

2006-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

95

Quantum Coherence in a Superfluid Josephson Junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a new kind of experiment in which we take an array of nanoscale apertures that form a superfluid {sup 4}He Josephson junction and apply quantum phase gradients directly along the array. We observe collective coherent behaviors from aperture elements, leading to quantum interference. Connections to superconducting and Bose-Einstein condensate Josephson junctions as well as phase coherence among the superfluid aperture array are discussed.

Narayana, Supradeep; Sato, Yuki [Rowland Institute at Harvard, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142 (United States)

2011-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

96

Multi-junction solar cell device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multi-junction solar cell device (10) is provided. The multi-junction solar cell device (10) comprises either two or three active solar cells connected in series in a monolithic structure. The multi-junction device (10) comprises a bottom active cell (20) having a single-crystal silicon substrate base and an emitter layer (23). The multi-junction device (10) further comprises one or two subsequent active cells each having a base layer (32) and an emitter layer (23) with interconnecting tunnel junctions between each active cell. At least one layer that forms each of the top and middle active cells is composed of a single-crystal III-V semiconductor alloy that is substantially lattice-matched to the silicon substrate (22). The polarity of the active p-n junction cells is either p-on-n or n-on-p. The present invention further includes a method for substantially lattice matching single-crystal III-V semiconductor layers with the silicon substrate (22) by including boron and/or nitrogen in the chemical structure of these layers.

Friedman, Daniel J. (Lakewood, CO); Geisz, John F. (Wheat Ridge, CO)

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

97

CALIFORNIA ENERGY CALIFORNIA ENERGY DEMAND 2010-2020  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CALIFORNIA ENERGY DEMAND 2010-2020 ADOPTED FORECAST for this report: Kavalec, Chris and Tom Gorin, 2009. California Energy Demand 20102020, Adopted Forecast. California Energy Commission. CEC2002009012CMF #12; i Acknowledgments The demand forecast

98

California Energy Commission STATE ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Energy Commission CALIFORNIA STATE ENERGY EFFICIENT APPLIANCE REBATE PROGRAM GUIDELINES FOURTH EDITION ADOPTED BY THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION DECEMBER 16, 2009 AMENDED MARCH 24 Recovery and Reinvestment Act 2009 #12; i CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Karen Douglas

99

California Energy Commission STATE ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Energy Commission CALIFORNIA STATE ENERGY EFFICIENT APPLIANCE REBATE PROGRAM GUIDELINES SECOND THIRD EDITION ADOPTED BY THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION DECEMBER 16, 2009 AMENDED MARCH and Reinvestment Act 2009 #12; i CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Karen Douglas Chairman James D

100

Thermodynamic Signatures of Half-Quantum Vortices in p+ip Josephson Junction Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bind a Majorana Fermion . . 3 Josephson Junction Arrays 3.14 p + ip Josephson Junction Arrays 4.1Bind a Majorana Fermion . . . . . . . . . Josephson Junction

Krahn, Graham Joel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kramer junction california" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Temporal stability of Y Ba Cu O nano Josephson junctions from ion irradiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

planar high temperature Josephson junctions fabricated usingYBa 2 Cu 3 O 7-? Josephson junctions via nanolithography andsuperconductor Josephson junctions,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol.

Cybart, Shane A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

E-Print Network 3.0 - addressable three-way junctions Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

junctions can... Project Description: page 1 Project Description I. Introduction: Josephson junction networks Over... the past 25 years, superconducting Josephson junctions...

103

Energy Upgrade California  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Energy Upgrade California program serves as a one-stop shop for California homeowners who want to improve the energy efficiency of their homes. The program connects homeowners with qualified...

104

NORTHERN CALIFORNIA METALLURGICAL SECTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Chin, Department of Materials Science, University of California, Berkeley, California 12:30 "UFO Professor Robert Creegan as our luncheon speaker. His topic will be "UFO's -- Borders of Science." 5

Wu, Junqiao

105

GUIDELINES PROPOSITION 39: CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GUIDELINES PROPOSITION 39: CALIFORNIA CLEAN ENERGY JOBS ACT - 2013 PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION Utilities Commission. Keywords: Proposition 39, California Clean Energy Jobs Act, Job Creation Fund, Senate Bill 73, energy efficiency, clean energy, conservation, conservation corps

106

CALIFORNIA CARBON SEQUESTRATION THROUGH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CARBON SEQUESTRATION THROUGH CHANGES IN LAND USE IN WASHINGTON. Carbon Sequestration Through Changes in Land Use in Washington: Costs and Opportunities. California for Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration in Oregon. Report to Winrock International. #12;ii #12;iii Preface

107

California Energy Commission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

presents its audit report concerning our review of the California Energy Commission's (energy commission Recommendation 40 Response to the Audit California Energy Commission 41 #12;1 SUMMARY RESULTS IN BRIEF C oncernsCalifornia Energy Commission: Although External Factors Have Caused Delays in Its Approval of Sites

108

California's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;California's Energy Future ­ The Potential for Biofuels May 2013 Heather Youngs and Christopher R. Somerville #12;LEGAL NOTICE This report was prepared pursuant to a contract between the California Energy Commission (CEC) and the California Council on Science andTechnology (CCST). It does

California at Davis, University of

109

UCDavis University of California A California Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PEV drivers charge at home #12;Charging behavior ­ self reportedLarger sample ­About 50% sayUCDavis University of California A California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research · Fleet Operation · Energy Savings Battery studies · Benchmark Testing · 2nd use · End of life Spatial

California at Davis, University of

110

Decoherence in a Josephson junction qubit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The zero-voltage state of a Josephson junction biased with constant current consists of a set of metastable quantum energy levels. We probe the spacings of these levels by using microwave spectroscopy to enhance the escape rate to the voltage state. The widths of the resonances give a measurement of the coherence time of the two states involved in the transitions. We observe a decoherence time shorter than that expected from dissipation alone in resonantly isolated 20 um x 5 um Al/AlOx/Al junctions at 60 mK. The data is well fit by a model including dephasing effects of both low-frequency current noise and the escape rate to the continuum voltage states. We discuss implications for quantum computation using current-biased Josephson junction qubits, including the minimum number of levels needed in the well to obtain an acceptable error limit per gate.

A. J. Berkley; H. Xu; M. A. Gubrud; R. C. Ramos; J. R. Anderson; C. J. Lobb; F. C. Wellstood

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Junction-side illuminated silicon detector arrays  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A junction-side illuminated detector array of pixelated detectors is constructed on a silicon wafer. A junction contact on the front-side may cover the whole detector array, and may be used as an entrance window for light, x-ray, gamma ray and/or other particles. The back-side has an array of individual ohmic contact pixels. Each of the ohmic contact pixels on the back-side may be surrounded by a grid or a ring of junction separation implants. Effective pixel size may be changed by separately biasing different sections of the grid. A scintillator may be coupled directly to the entrance window while readout electronics may be coupled directly to the ohmic contact pixels. The detector array may be used as a radiation hardened detector for high-energy physics research or as avalanche imaging arrays.

Iwanczyk, Jan S.; Patt, Bradley E.; Tull, Carolyn

2004-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

112

Numerical Investigation of Josephson Junction Structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multilayered long Josephson Junction Structures form an interesting physical system where both nonlinearity and interaction between subsystems play an important role. Such systems allow to study physical effects that do not occur in single Josephson junction.The Sakai-Bodin-Pedersen model--a system of perturbed sine-Gordon equations--is used to study the dynamic states of stacks of inductively coupled long Josephson Junctions (LJJs). The corresponding static problem is numerically investigated as well. In order to study the stability of possible static solutions a Sturm-Liouville problem is generated and solved.The transitions from static to dynamic state and the scenario of these transitions are analyzed depending on the model parameters. Different physical characteristics--current-voltage characteristics, individual instant voltages and internal magnetic fields, are calculated and interpreted.

Hristov, I.; Dimova, S.; Boyadjiev, T. [Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics, Sofia University 5 James Bourchier Blvd., 1164 Sofia (Bulgaria)

2009-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

113

Dynamical properties of high-temperature-superconductor granular bridge junctions: Inhomogeneous Josephson-junction-array model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As an attempt to understand the dynamical behavior of the high-temperature-superconductor (HTSC) granular bridge junction, we model the granular HTSC bridge junction consisting of many small grains inside by an inhomogeneous Josephson junction array, i.e., randomly arranged Josephson junction arrays (JJA). To describe randomly distributed critical currents between the grains inside the HTSC granular bridge junction, we chose various possible configurations in {l_brace}{ital I}{sub {ital ij}}{sup {ital c}}{r_brace} and {l_brace}{ital R}{sub {ital ij}}{r_brace} for the one-dimensional (1D) and 2D inhomogeneous Josephson junctions, and calculated the current-voltage ({ital IV}) characteristics and self-radiation spectral densities of the 1D and 2D inhomogeneous Josephson junctions. As a result, depending upon the distribution of critical currents and shunted resistances, it is found that there are large variations of {ital IV} characteristics. In contrast to the appearance of giant Shapiro steps in the regular ordered array, such Shapiro steps disappear in the case of the disordered JJA due to the increased randomness in the distribution of critical currents. On the contrary, however, when there exists a correlation between critical currents and resistances, i.e., a constant Josephson voltage, {ital I}{sub {ital ij}}{sup {ital c}}{ital R}{sub {ital ij}}={ital V}{sub {ital J}} (constant), the fundamental Shapiro step emerges despite the disordered distribution of {ital I}{sub {ital ij}}{sup {ital c}}. The relevance of this model to the HTSC granular bridge junctions is discussed. In particular, experimentally observed dynamical behaviors of the HTSC granular bridge junctions are shown to be closely related to the case of the correlated distribution with constant Josephson voltage. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Lee, J.; Lee, S.; Yu, J.; Park, G. [Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742 (Korea)] [Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742 (Korea)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Complementary junction heterostructure field-effect transistor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A complimentary pair of compound semiconductor junction heterostructure field-effect transistors and a method for their manufacture are disclosed. The p-channel junction heterostructure field-effect transistor uses a strained layer to split the degeneracy of the valence band for a greatly improved hole mobility and speed. The n-channel device is formed by a compatible process after removing the strained layer. In this manner, both types of transistors may be independently optimized. Ion implantation is used to form the transistor active and isolation regions for both types of complimentary devices. The invention has uses for the development of low power, high-speed digital integrated circuits.

Baca, Albert G. (Albuquerque, NM); Drummond, Timothy J. (Albuquerque, NM); Robertson, Perry J. (Albuquerque, NM); Zipperian, Thomas E. (Albuquerque, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Axion physics in a Josephson junction environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that recent experiments based on Josephson junctions, SQUIDS, and coupled Josephson qubits have a cosmological interpretation in terms of axionic dark matter physics, in the sense that they allow for analogue simulation of early-universe axion physics. We propose new experimental setups in which SQUID-like axionic interactions in a resonant Josephson junction environment can be tested, similar in nature to recent experiments that test for quantum entanglement of two coupled Josephson qubits. We point out that the parameter values relevant for early-universe axion cosmology are accessible with present day's achievements in nanotechnology.

Christian Beck

2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

116

Complementary junction heterostructure field-effect transistor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A complimentary pair of compound semiconductor junction heterostructure field-effect transistors and a method for their manufacture are disclosed. The p-channel junction heterostructure field-effect transistor uses a strained layer to split the degeneracy of the valence band for a greatly improved hole mobility and speed. The n-channel device is formed by a compatible process after removing the strained layer. In this manner, both types of transistors may be independently optimized. Ion implantation is used to form the transistor active and isolation regions for both types of complimentary devices. The invention has uses for the development of low power, high-speed digital integrated circuits. 10 figs.

Baca, A.G.; Drummond, T.J.; Robertson, P.J.; Zipperian, T.E.

1995-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

117

California’s Energy Future: Transportation Energy Use in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy use and emissions in 2050. The ultimate marketmarket introduction of FCVs and associated refueling infrastructure. Vehicle EnergyEnergy Use in California Studying these factors will also help determine the rate of adoption and also maximum market

Yang, Christopher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Phase Transition in Compact QED(3) and the Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the finite temperature phase transition in 2+1 dimensional compact QED and its dual theory: Josephson junction. Duality of these theories at zero temperature was established long time ago by Hosotani. Phase transition in compact QED is well studied and we employ the `duality' to study the superconductivity phase transition in a Josephson junction. For a thick junction we obtain a critical temperature in terms of the geometrical properties of the junction.

Vakif K. Onemli; Murat Tas; Bayram Tekin

2001-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

119

Holographic Josephson Junction in 3+1 dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In arXiv:1101.3326[hep-th], a (2+1)-dimensional holographic Josephson junction was constructed, and it was shown that the DC Josephson current is proportional to the sine of the phase difference across the junction. In this paper, we extend this study to a holographic description for the (3+1)-dimensional holographic DC Josephson junction. By solving numerically the coupled differential equations, we also obtain the familiar characteristics of Josephson junctions.

Yong-Qiang Wang; Yu-Xiao Liu; Zhen-Hua Zhao

2011-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

120

Holographic Josephson Junction in 3+1 dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In arXiv:1101.3326[hep-th], a (2+1)-dimensional holographic Josephson junction was constructed, and it was shown that the DC Josephson current is proportional to the sine of the phase difference across the junction. In this paper, we extend this study to a holographic description for the (3+1)-dimensional holographic DC Josephson junction. By solving numerically the coupled differential equations, we also obtain the familiar characteristics of Josephson junctions.

Wang, Yong-Qiang; Zhao, Zhen-Hua

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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121

Theory of Proximity Effect in Junctions with Unconventional Superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theory of Proximity Effect in Junctions with Unconventional Superconductors Relevance to odd)Singlet superconductor junctions ()Triplet superconductor junctions [PRB 70, 012507 (2004), PRB71 024506 spectroscopy of Unconventional superconductors Tunneling spectroscopy has phase sensitivity px- wave dx2 -y2

Fominov, Yakov

122

SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF JOSEPHSON JUNCTIONS AS RADIATION DETECTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

125 SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF JOSEPHSON JUNCTIONS AS RADIATION DETECTORS Yu. Ya. DIVIN, F. Ya. NAD les microponts. Abstract. 2014 The V-I characteristic of Josephson junction with an external parallel admittance, the high frequency impedance and high frequency response of a Josephson junction to small

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

123

PARAMETRIC EXCITATION OF PLASMA OSCILLATIONS IN JOSEPHSON JUNCTIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

223 PARAMETRIC EXCITATION OF PLASMA OSCILLATIONS IN JOSEPHSON JUNCTIONS N. F. PEDERSEN, M. R'équation différentielle de Mathieu. Abstract. 2014 Experiments on a Josephson junction analog showed a parametric in Josephson junctions at finite voltages have been discussed earlier [1]-[4]. In this communication we report

Boyer, Edmond

124

JOSEPHSON JUNCTION DETECTOR FOR ASTRONOMICAL APPLICATIONS B. T. ULRICH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

111 JOSEPHSON JUNCTION DETECTOR FOR ASTRONOMICAL APPLICATIONS B. T. ULRICH Department of Astronomy at the NRAO 11 m telescope. The detector uses a point contact Josephson junction, with a niobium point against-band Josephson junction radiometer for the 1.0 to 1.6 mm spectral region, and have used it to make astronomical

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

125

AN ELECTRONIC EQUIVALENT SCHEME OF A JOSEPHSON JUNCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN ELECTRONIC EQUIVALENT SCHEME OF A JOSEPHSON JUNCTION C. K. BAK Physics Laboratory I. A lot of phenomena observed in Josephson junctions are easily identified in the « equi- valent circuit ~. The lock range Ji corresponds to the supercurrent in a Josephson junction. The loop gain A(co) can

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

126

Josephson junction simulation of neurons Patrick Crotty,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Josephson junction simulation of neurons Patrick Crotty,1 Dan Schult,2 and Ken Segall1 1 Physics of neurons, we present superconducting circuits containing Josephson junctions that model biologically technologies, large interconnected networks of Josephson junction neurons would operate fully in parallel

Segall, Ken

127

Superconductor-Correlated metal-Superconductor Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Superconductor-Correlated metal- Superconductor Josephson junctions for high-speed digital. Freericks, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2002 #12;Digital Electronics and RSFQ logic, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2002 X X Binary 0, no flux Binary 1, one flux quantum #12

Freericks, Jim

128

Localized mode interactions in 0-Josephson junctions Hadi Susanto1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Localized mode interactions in 0- Josephson junctions Hadi Susanto1 and Gianne Derks2 1 School of Mathematics, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, UK A long Josephson junction containing regions in the system, it is shown that Josephson junctions with phase-shift can be an ideal setting for studying

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

129

Superconductor-Correlated metal-Superconductor Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Superconductor-Correlated metal- Superconductor Josephson junctions for high-speed digital. Freericks, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2003 #12;Digital Electronics and RSFQ logic, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2003 X X Binary 0, no flux Binary 1, one flux quantum #12

Freericks, Jim

130

Multi-Scroll and Hypercube Attractors from Josephson Junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-Scroll and Hypercube Attractors from Josephson Junctions M¨us¸tak E. Yalc¸in Istanbul Leuven, Belgium Email: Johan.Suykens@esat.kuleuven.ac.be Abstract-- In this paper Josephson junctions of the Josephson junction in a general Jerk circuit in such a way that there is no need for synthesizing

131

EA-0930: Facility Operations at the U.S. DOE Grand Junction Projects Office, Grand Junction, Colorado  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to expand and upgrade the U.S. Department of Energy's Grand Junction Projects Office facilities and operations in Grand Junction, Colorado.

132

Topological Order in Frustrated Josephson Junction Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that electrically and magnetically frustrated Josephson junction arrays (JJAs) realize topological order with a non-trivial ground state degeneracy on manifolds with non-trivial topology. The low-energy theory has the same gauge dynamics of the unfrustrated JJAs but for different, "fractional" degrees of freedom, a principle reminescent of Jain's composite electrons in the fractional quantum Hall effect.

M. C. Diamantini; P. Sodano; C. A. Trugenberger

2008-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

133

Superconducting Topological Fluids in Josephson Junction Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We argue that the frustrated Josephson junction arrays may support a topologically ordered superconducting ground state, characterized by a non-trivial ground state degeneracy on the torus. This superconducting quantum fluid provides an explicit example of a system in which superconductivity arises from a topological mechanism rather than from the usual Landau-Ginzburg mechanism.

M. Cristina Diamantini; Pasquale Sodano; Carlo A. Trugenberger

2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

134

Gallium nitride junction field-effect transistor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An all-ion implanted gallium-nitride (GaN) junction field-effect transistor (JFET) and method of making the same. Also disclosed are various ion implants, both n- and p-type, together with or without phosphorous co-implantation, in selected III-V semiconductor materials.

Zolper, John C. (Albuquerque, NM); Shul, Randy J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Axion mass estimates from resonant Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently it has been proposed that dark matter axions from the galactic halo can produce a small Shapiro step-like signal in Josephson junctions whose Josephson frequency resonates with the axion mass [C. Beck, PRL 111, 231801 (2013)]. Here we show that the axion field equations in a voltage-driven Josephson junction environment allow for a nontrivial solution where the axion-induced electric current manifests itself as an oscillating supercurrent. The linear change of phase associated with this nontrivial solution implies the existence of a large magnetic field in a tiny surface area of the weak link region of the junction which makes incoming axions decay into microwave photons. We derive a condition for the design of Josephson junction experiments so that they can act as optimum axion detectors. Four independent recent experiments are discussed in this context. The observed Shapiro step anomalies of all four experiments consistently point towards an axion mass of $(110 \\pm 2)\\mu $eV. This mass value is com...

Beck, Christian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Fast algorithms for triangular Josephson junction arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We develop fast algorithms for the numerical study of two-dimensional triangular Josephson junction arrays. The Dirac bra-ket formalism is introduced in the context of such arrays. We note that triangular arrays can have both hexagonal and rectangular periodicity and develop algorithms for each. Boundaries are next introduced and fast algorithms for finite arrays are developed. 40 refs., 4 figs.

Datta, S.; Sahdev, D. [Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (India)] [Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (India)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Measuring Vacuum Polarization with Josephson Junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We argue that the vacuum polarization by the virtual electron-positron pairs can be measured by studying a Josephson junction in a strong magnetic field. The vacuum polarization results in a weak dependence of the Josephson constant on the magnetic field strength which is within the reach of the existing experimental techniques.

Penin, Alexander A. [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2J1 (Canada) and Institute for Nuclear Research of Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2010-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

138

Axion mass estimates from resonant Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently it has been proposed that dark matter axions from the galactic halo can produce a small Shapiro step-like signal in Josephson junctions whose Josephson frequency resonates with the axion mass [C. Beck, PRL 111, 231801 (2013)]. Here we show that the axion field equations in a voltage-driven Josephson junction environment allow for a nontrivial solution where the axion-induced electric current manifests itself as an oscillating supercurrent. The linear change of phase associated with this nontrivial solution implies the formal existence of a large magnetic field in a tiny surface area of the weak link region of the junction which makes incoming axions decay into microwave photons. We derive a condition for the design of Josephson junction experiments so that they can act as optimum axion detectors. Four independent recent experiments are discussed in this context. The observed Shapiro step anomalies of all four experiments consistently point towards an axion mass of $(110 \\pm 2)\\mu $eV. This mass value is compatible with the recent BICEP2 results and implies that Peccei-Quinn symmetry breaking was taking place after inflation.

Christian Beck

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

139

California Valley Solar Ranch Biological Assessment  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Biological Assessment for the California Valley Solar Ranch Project San Luis Obispo County, California

140

California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT ENERGY EFFICIENCY COMPARISON California's Building Energy Efficiency Standards and the International Energy Conservation Code and American Society America Standard 90.1 JULY 2013 CEC4002013009 CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Edmund G. Brown Jr

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141

California Energy Commission ADOPTED REGULATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Energy Commission ADOPTED REGULATIONS FEBRUARY 2013 CEC-400-2010-004-CMF NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING ENERGY USE DISCLOSURE PROGRAM Proposed Regulations: California Code of Regulations, Title 20, Division 2, Chapter 4, Article 9, Sections 1680 1685 CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Edmund

142

California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Keywords: California Energy Commission, cool roofs, lowsloped roofs, solar reflectance, thermal emittanceCalifornia Energy Commission STAFF REPORT DRAFT EVALUATION REPORT 2008 Building Energy Layer DECEMBER 2012 CEC4002012018SD CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Edmund G. Brown Jr., Governor #12

143

California Energy Commission  

Energy Savers [EERE]

California Energy Commission Quadrennial Water Review Comments - June 19, 2014 Water-Energy Nexus Water and energy systems are inextricably linked -- producing energy uses large...

144

California Energy Commission DRAFT STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Energy Commission DRAFT STAFF REPORT UPDATED CALIFORNIA ENERGY DEMAND FORECAST presents an update to the 2009 California Energy Demand electricity forecast adopted for the 2009 - Updated California Energy Demand Forecast 2011-2022. California Energy Commission, Electricity Analysis

145

Planning Water Use in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the University of Maryland Water Policy Collaborative, 2006.FURTH ER READ ING California Department of Water Resources.California Water Plan Update 2005: A Framework for Action.

Eisenstein, William; Kondolf, G. Mathias

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Dissipation and traversal time in Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The various ways of evaluating dissipative effects in macroscopic quantum tunneling are re-examined. The results obtained by using functional integration, while confirming those of previously given treatments, enable a comparison with available experimental results relative to Josephson junctions. A criterion based on the shortening of the semiclassical traversal time tau of the barrier with regard to dissipation can be established, according to which DELTAtau/tau > or approx. N/Q, where Q is the quality factor of the junction and N is a numerical constant of order unity. The best agreement with the experiments is obtained for N=1.11, as it results from a semiempirical analysis based on an increase in the potential barrier caused by dissipative effects.

Cacciari, Ilaria; Ranfagni, Anedio [Istituto di Fisica Applicata 'Nello Carrara' del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, via Madonna del Piano 10, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Firenze (Italy); Moretti, Paolo [Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Sezione di Firenze, via Madonna del Piano 10, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Firenze (Italy)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Screening current effects in Josephson junction arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to compare the dynamics of arrays of Josephson junctions in presence of magnetic field in two different frameworks: the so called XY frustrated model with no self inductance and an approach that takes into account the screening currents (considering self inductances only). We show that while for a range of parameters the simpler model is sufficiently accurate, in a region of the parameter space solutions arise that are not contained in the XY model equations.

A. Petraglia; G. Filatrella; G. Rotoli

1995-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

148

q-deformed dynamics and Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We define a generalized rate equation for an observable in quantum mechanics, that involves a parameter q and whose limit $q\\to 1$ gives the standard Heisenberg equation. The generalized rate equation is used to study dynamics of current biased Josephson junction. It is observed that this toy model incorporates diffraction like effects in the critical current. Physical interpretation for q is provided which is also shown to be q-deformation parameter.

Ramandeep S. Johal

2000-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

149

Defect formation in long Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study numerically a mechanism of vortex formation in a long Josephson junction within the framework of the one-dimensional sine-Gordon model. This mechanism is switched on below the critical temperature. It is shown that the number of fluxons versus velocity of cooling roughly scales according to the power law with the exponent of either 0.25 or 0.5 depending on the temperature variation in the critical current density.

Gordeeva, Anna V. [Institute for Physics of Microstructures, RAS, GSP-105, Nizhny Novgorod 603950 (Russian Federation); Department of Physics, B309, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Lyngby (Denmark); Pankratov, Andrey L. [Institute for Physics of Microstructures, RAS, GSP-105, Nizhny Novgorod 603950 (Russian Federation)

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Quantum dynamics in the bosonic Josephson junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We employ a semiclassical picture to study dynamics in a bosonic Josephson junction with various initial conditions. Phase diffusion of coherent preparations in the Josephson regime is shown to depend on the initial relative phase between the two condensates. For initially incoherent condensates, we find a universal value for the buildup of coherence in the Josephson regime. In addition, we contrast two seemingly similar on-separatrix coherent preparations, finding striking differences in their convergence to classicality as the number of particles increases.

Chuchem, Maya; Cohen, Doron [Department of Physics, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O.B. 653, Beer-Sheva 84105 (Israel); Smith-Mannschott, Katrina [Department of Physics, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut 06459 (United States); MPI for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Bunsenstrasse 10, D-37073 Goettingen (Germany); Hiller, Moritz [Physikalisches Institut, Albert-Ludwigs-Universitaet, Hermann-Herder-Strasse 3, D-79104 Freiburg (Germany); Kottos, Tsampikos [Department of Physics, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut 06459 (United States); Vardi, Amichay [Department of Chemistry, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O.B. 653, Beer-Sheva 84105 (Israel); Institute for Theoretical Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

151

Josephson junction in a thin film  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The phase difference {phi}(y) for a vortex at a line Josephson junction in a thin film attenuates at large distances as a power law, unlike the case of a bulk junction where it approaches exponentially the constant values at infinities. The field of a Josephson vortex is a superposition of fields of standard Pearl vortices distributed along the junction with the line density {phi}'(y)/2{pi}. We study the integral equation for {phi}(y) and show that the phase is sensitive to the ratio l/{Lambda}, where l={lambda}{sub J}{sup 2}/{lambda}{sub L}, {Lambda}=2{lambda}{sub L}{sup 2}/d, {lambda}{sub L}, and {lambda}{sub J} are the London and Josephson penetration depths, and d is the film thickness. For l<<{Lambda}, the vortex ''core'' of the size l is nearly temperature independent, while the phase ''tail'' scales as l{Lambda}/y{sup 2}={lambda}{sub J}2{lambda}{sub L}/d/y{sup 2}; i.e., it diverges as T{yields}T{sub c}. For l>>{Lambda}, both the core and the tail have nearly the same characteristic length l{Lambda}.

Kogan, V. G.; Dobrovitski, V. V.; Clem, J. R.; Mawatari, Yasunori; Mints, R. G.

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

California's Green Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Number of workers in green or clean product manufacturing and/or services Number of businesses that haveCalifornia's Green Economy California Green Workforce Coalition July 9, 2010 Bonnie Graybill Employment Development Department Labor Market Information Division #12;Understanding the Green Economy What

153

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSIONCOMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commission$ gy 0% rate loans and technical assistance grants · $3M: California Workforce Investment Board· $3M: California Workforce Investment Board Competitive grants for community-based and workforce requests for planning projects and energy expenditure plans #12;CHAPTER 2: LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY AWARD

154

Homelessness in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Homelessness in California · · · John M. Quigley Steven Raphael Eugene Smolensky with Erin Mansur-in-Publication Data Quigley, John M. Homelessness in California / John M. Quigley, Steven Raphael, Eugene Smolensky. p. The authors of the present volume--John Quigley, Stephen Raphael, and Eugene Smolensky, all from the Goldman

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

155

Single P-N junction tandem photovoltaic device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single P-N junction solar cell is provided having two depletion regions for charge separation while allowing the electrons and holes to recombine such that the voltages associated with both depletion regions of the solar cell will add together. The single p-n junction solar cell includes an alloy of either InGaN or InAlN formed on one side of the P-N junction with Si formed on the other side in order to produce characteristics of a two junction (2J) tandem solar cell through only a single P-N junction. A single P-N junction solar cell having tandem solar cell characteristics will achieve power conversion efficiencies exceeding 30%.

Walukiewicz, Wladyslaw (Kensington, CA); Ager, III, Joel W. (Berkeley, CA); Yu, Kin Man (Lafayette, CA)

2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

156

Single P-N junction tandem photovoltaic device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single P-N junction solar cell is provided having two depletion regions for charge separation while allowing the electrons and holes to recombine such that the voltages associated with both depletion regions of the solar cell will add together. The single p-n junction solar cell includes an alloy of either InGaN or InAlN formed on one side of the P-N junction with Si formed on the other side in order to produce characteristics of a two junction (2J) tandem solar cell through only a single P-N junction. A single P-N junction solar cell having tandem solar cell characteristics will achieve power conversion efficiencies exceeding 30%.

Walukiewicz, Wladyslaw (Kensington, CA); Ager, III, Joel W. (Berkeley, CA); Yu, Kin Man (Lafayette, CA)

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

157

Fabrication of magnetic tunnel junctions with epitaxial and textured ferromagnetic layers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to magnetic tunnel junctions and methods for making the magnetic tunnel junctions. The magnetic tunnel junctions include a tunnel barrier oxide layer sandwiched between two ferromagnetic layers both of which are epitaxial or textured with respect to the underlying substrate upon which the magnetic tunnel junctions are grown. The magnetic tunnel junctions provide improved magnetic properties, sharper interfaces and few defects.

Chang, Y. Austin (Middleton, WI); Yang, Jianhua Joshua (Madison, WI)

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

158

Pseudospherical Junctions or Josephson Effect, Backlund Transformations, and Fine Structure Coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, that the geometric phase evolution within M circularly and toroidally arranged virtual Josephson junctions (coupled by a special arrangement of Josephson junctions. In this con- text "virtual junction" means simply a scalar impedance will represent in this paper a "virtual Josephson junction". The Josephson junctions

Binder, Bernd

159

Letting The Sun Shine On Solar Costs: An Empirical Investigation Of Photovoltaic Cost Trends In California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

installations. This California Solar Initiative has the2. CALIFORNIA’S SOLAR PROGRAMS California’s PV market isramifications, both for California’s new solar programs and

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Cappers, Peter; Margolis, Robert

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Classical phase diffusion in small hysteretic Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The existence of classical phase diffusion in hysteretic junctions is demonstrated by quantitative agreement between experimental and simulated {ital I}-{ital V} curves. The simulations are based on a circuit that accurately models both the junction and its external shunting impedance at microwave frequencies. We show that the bias current at which the junction switches from the phase diffusion state to the voltage state is sensitive to dissipation at microwave frequencies.

Martinis, J.M.; Kautz, R.L. (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (US))

1989-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

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161

STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEETING STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION In the Matter of ) ) California Clean Energy Jobs by the voters in November of last year, and it's known as the clean energy -- or California Clean Energy Jobs in the areas of energy efficiency and clean energy jobs in California. We want to see schools leveraging

162

Organic-Inorganic Hetero Junction White Light Emitting Diode.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The purpose of this thesis work is to design and fabricates organic-inorganic hetero junction White Light Emitting Diode (WLED). In this WLED, inorganic material… (more)

Lubuna Beegum, Shafeek

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Quantum manipulation and simulation using Josephson junction arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the prospect of using quantum properties of large scale Josephson junction arrays for quantum manipulation and simulation. We study the collective vibrational quantum modes of a Josephson junction array and show that they provide a natural and practical method for realizing a high quality cavity for superconducting qubit based QED. We further demonstrate that by using Josephson junction arrays we can simulate a family of problems concerning spinless electron-phonon and electron-electron interactions. These protocols require no or few controls over the Josephson junction array and are thus relatively easy to realize given currently available technology.

Xingxiang Zhou; Ari Mizel

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

A Josephson Junction Microscope for Low-frequency Fluctuators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The high-Q harmonic oscillator mode of a Josephson junction can be used as a novel probe of spurious two-level systems (TLSs) inside the amorphous oxide tunnel barriers of the junction. In particular, we show that spectroscopic transmission measurements of the junction resonator mode can reveal how the coupling magnitude between the junction and the TLSs varies with an external magnetic field applied in the plane of the tunnel barrier. The proposed experiments offer the possibility of clearly resolving the underlying coupling mechanism for these spurious TLSs, an important decoherence source limiting the quality of superconducting quantum devices.

L. Tian; R. W. Simmonds

2007-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

165

Non-relativistic Josephson Junction from Holography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a Josephson junction in non-relativistic case with a Lifshitz geometry as the dual gravity. We investigate the effect of the Lifshitz scaling in comparison with its relativistic counterpart. The standard sinusoidal relation between the current and the phase difference is found for various Lifshitz scalings characterised by the dynamical critical exponent. We also find the exponential decreasing relation between the condensate of the scalar operator within the barrier at zero current and the width of the weak link, as well as the relation between the critical current and the width. Nevertheless, the coherence lengths obtained from two exponential decreasing relations generically have discrepancies for non-relativistic dual.

Li, Huai-Fan; Wang, Yong-Qiang; Zhang, Hai-Qing

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Quantum dynamics in the bosonic Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We employ a semiclassical picture to study dynamics in a bosonic Josephson junction with various initial conditions. Phase-diffusion of coherent preparations in the Josephson regime is shown to depend on the initial relative phase between the two condensates. For initially incoherent condensates, we find a universal value for the buildup of coherence in the Josephson regime. In addition, we contrast two seemingly similar on-separatrix coherent preparations, finding striking differences in their convergence to classicality as the number of particles increases.

Maya Chuchem; Katrina Smith-Mannschott; Moritz Hiller; Tsampikos Kottos; Amichay Vardi; Doron Cohen

2010-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

167

Non-relativistic Josephson Junction from Holography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a Josephson junction in non-relativistic case with a Lifshitz geometry as the dual gravity. We investigate the effect of the Lifshitz scaling in comparison with its relativistic counterpart. The standard sinusoidal relation between the current and the phase difference is found for various Lifshitz scalings characterised by the dynamical critical exponent. We also find the exponential decreasing relation between the condensate of the scalar operator within the barrier at zero current and the width of the weak link, as well as the relation between the critical current and the width. Nevertheless, the coherence lengths obtained from two exponential decreasing relations generically have discrepancies for non-relativistic dual.

Huai-Fan Li; Li Li; Yong-Qiang Wang; Hai-Qing Zhang

2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

168

Quantum breathers in capacitively coupled Josephson junctions: Correlations, number conservation, and entanglement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum breathers in capacitively coupled Josephson junctions: Correlations, number conservation coupled Josephson junctions. In the classical case the equations of motion admit discrete breather by employing the already developed tech- niques for quantum information processing using Josephson junctions

Flach, Sergej

169

RES California Conference  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The NCAIED’s RES California conference and tradeshow will feature respected tribal leaders, state and local elected officials, top CEOs, the NCAIED’s “Twenty Grand Business Plan Competition”,...

170

POSTGRADUATE MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identity Theft Prevention, Computer Security, Information Assurance, Social Engineering, CyberNAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA THESIS Approved for public release; distribution COVERED Master's Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE: Title (Mix case letters) Identity Theft Prevention in Cyber

171

CALIFORNIA ENERGY FOURTH EDITION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to apply for and receive production incentives from the Existing Renewable Facilities element of the Energy and instructions for program participants. KEYWORDS renewable energy, production incentives, renewables portfolioCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION EXISTING RENEWABLE FACILITIES PROGRAM FOURTH EDITION GUIDEBOOK MARCH

172

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSIONGUIDEBOOK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

renewable energy, production incentives, renewables portfolio standard, biomass, solar thermal electricCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION COMMISSIONGUIDEBOOK EXISTING RENEWABLE FACILITIES PROGRAM FIFTH Office Manager RENEWABLE ENERGY OFFICE Valerie Hall Deputy Director ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLES

173

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Project Brochures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the integrated design, construction, and operation of building systems. The Integrated Energy SystemsCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Project Brochures Integrated Energy Systems: Productivity and Building of a larger research effort called Integrated Energy Systems: Productivity and Building Science Program

174

California Energy Commission PRELIMINARY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Energy Commission PRELIMINARY STATE ENERGY PROGRAM GUIDELINES JULY 16, 2009 CEC-150 Recovery and Reinvestment Act State Energy Program Guidelines 5 A. Background ....................................................................................................................... 12 R. Reallocation of Funds

175

Conditions for synchronization in Josephson-junction arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An effective perturbation theoretical method has been developed to study the dynamics of Josephson-junction series arrays. It is shown that the inclusion of junction capacitances, which is often ignored, has a significant impact on synchronization. Comparison of analytic with computational results over a wide range of parameters shows excellent agreement.

Chernikov, A.A.; Schmidt, G. [Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030 (United States)] [Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030 (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

A fourier spectrometer for studying the radiation from Josephson Junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper describes a Fourier spectrometer designed to study the radiation generated by a Josephson junction in the millimeter and FIR bands with a resolution of {approx}2 GHz in the two-pass mode and {approx}1 GHz in the multipass mode. A feature is that one Josephson junctions operates as both generator and detector at the same time.

Verevkin, A.A.; Il`in, V.A.; Lipatov, A.P. [V.I. Lenin Moscow Pedagogical State Univ., Moscow (Russian Federation)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Conditions for synchronization in Josephson-junction arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An effective perturbation theoretical method has been developed to study the dynamics of Josephson Junction series arrays. It is shown that the inclusion of Junction capacitances, often ignored, has a significant impact on synchronization. Comparison of analytic with computational results over a wide range of parameters shows excellent agreement.

Chernikov, A.A.; Schmidt, G. [Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, NJ (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

178

Josephson junctions in high-T/sub c/ superconductors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention includes a high T/sub c/ Josephson sperconducting junction as well as the method and apparatus which provides the junction by application of a closely controlled and monitored electrical discharge to a microbridge region connecting two portions of a superconducting film.

Falco, C.M.; Lee, T.W.

1981-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

179

Intermittency and low frequency noise in a Josephson junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bifurcation, chaos, and intermittency in the {ital f}-biased Josephson junction are investigated by numerically integrating the equation of the Stewart-McCumber model with an interference {epsilon} cos {phi}'' term. In addition, the relationship between the low frequency noise and the routes to chaos in a Josephson junction is discussed.

Xiao Wanru (Physics Division, Nanjing Architectural Institute (CN)); Yao Xixian (Department of Physics, Nanjing University (CN))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

E-Print Network 3.0 - adhering junctions connecting Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

S... . P. Benz, and J. E. Bonevich Abstract--The authors have made tall, uniform stacked Josephson junction... bar- rier of our niobium Josephson junctions and obtain working...

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Vortex radiation in long narrow Josephson junctions: Theory and experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study theoretically and experimentally the dynamics of vortices in long, extremely narrow Josephson junctions. Using a variational approach, the current-voltage characteristics are calculated for junctions of different widths. The analytically and numerically calculated current-voltage characteristics show good agreement. We find that the decrease of the junction width leads to a substantial increase of the maximum velocity of vortices. Due to the interaction with stray magnetic fields outside the junction, the vortices radiate Cherenkov waves as they move in the junction. Locking of the vortex oscillation frequency to that of the Cherenkov radiation leads to novel resonances on the current-voltage characteristics. We observe such resonances in experiments, and their voltage positions and current magnitudes are in qualitative agreement with our theoretical analysis.

Abdumalikov, A.A. Jr.; Ustinov, A.V. [Physikalisches Institut III, Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany); Fistul, M.V. [Theoretische Physik III, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, D-44801 Bochum (Germany)

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

California's Energy Future - The View to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California renewable portfolio could be about 75% variable resources from solar andCalifornia Public Utilities Commission CSP Concentrating solara direct solar fuels industry. California’s Energy Future -

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

CALIFORNIA SOLAR INITIATIVE-THERMAL PROGRAMHANDBOOK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA SOLAR INITIATIVE-THERMAL PROGRAMHANDBOOK CALIFORNIA PUBLIC UTILITIES California Solar Initiative Thermal Program Handbook i 1. Introduction to CSI-Thermal Program COMMISSION May 2010 #12; The California Public

184

COMPARATIVE COSTS OF CALIFORNIA CENTRAL STATION ELECTRICITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION COMPARATIVE COSTS OF CALIFORNIA CENTRAL STATION ELECTRICITY GENERATION .............................................................................13 Definition of Levelized Cost ........................................................................................................13 Levelized Cost Components

185

COMPARATIVE COSTS OF CALIFORNIA CENTRAL STATION ELECTRICITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION COMPARATIVE COSTS OF CALIFORNIA CENTRAL STATION ELECTRICITY GENERATION............................................................ 3 Definition of Levelized Cost.................................................................................... 3 Levelized Cost Categories

Laughlin, Robert B.

186

ANALYSIS OF THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY INDUSTRY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from imports. Onshore crude oil production in California isa peak in production within California of both crude oil and

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Behavioral Assumptions Underlying California Residential Sector...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Behavioral Assumptions Underlying California Residential Sector Energy Efficiency Programs (2009 CIEE Report) Behavioral Assumptions Underlying California Residential Sector Energy...

188

California: California's Clean Energy Resources and Economy (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document highlights the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's investments and impacts in the state of California.

Not Available

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

California's Evolving Energy Market California Power Market Symposium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Minute Market, 5-minute market · Real-time fixed hourly-intertie transactions settled as price takersCalifornia's Evolving Energy Market California Power Market Symposium Portland, Oregon September 5, 2013 K ith CKeith Casey Vice President Market & Infrastructure Development California ISO #12

190

Quantum Fluctuations in Josephson Junction Comparators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have developed a method for calculation of quantum fluctuation effects, in particular of the uncertainty zone developing at the potential curvature sign inversion, for a damped harmonic oscillator with arbitrary time dependence of frequency and for arbitrary temperature, within the Caldeira-Leggett model. The method has been applied to the calculation of the gray zone width Delta Ix of Josephson-junction balanced comparators driven by a specially designed low-impedance RSFQ circuit. The calculated temperature dependence of Delta Ix in the range 1.5 to 4.2K is in a virtually perfect agreement with experimental data for Nb-trilayer comparators with critical current densities of 1.0 and 5.5 kA/cm^2, without any fitting parameters.

Thomas J. Walls; Timur V. Filippov; Konstantin K. Likharev

2002-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

191

Quantum Computing with Atomic Josephson Junction Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a quantum computing scheme with atomic Josephson junction arrays. The system consists of a small number of atoms with three internal states and trapped in a far-off resonant optical lattice. Raman lasers provide the "Josephson" tunneling, and the collision interaction between atoms represent the "capacitive" couplings between the modes. The qubit states are collective states of the atoms with opposite persistent currents. This system is closely analogous to the superconducting flux qubit. Single qubit quantum logic gates are performed by modulating the Raman couplings, while two-qubit gates result from a tunnel coupling between neighboring wells. Readout is achieved by tuning the Raman coupling adiabatically between the Josephson regime to the Rabi regime, followed by a detection of atoms in internal electronic states. Decoherence mechanisms are studied in detail promising a high ratio between the decoherence time and the gate operation time.

Lin Tian; P. Zoller

2003-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

192

The World as a Dual Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine some of the implications of the field-theoretical mechanism for the localization of gauge fields on hypersurfaces in higher-dimensional bulk space-time. This mechanism exploits the analogy between confinement and dual superconductivity. In the simplest case of a photon localized on a (2+1)-dimensional surface in a (3+1)-dimensional bulk, we argue that the system behaves like a dual Josephson junction. This implies that the effective gauge theory on the surface is not free, but displays weak confinement with a linear potential. We comment on the relevance of our results for the realistic case of a (3+1)-dimensional surface in a space-time with one or more extra dimensions.

N. Tetradis

2000-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

193

Gauge Theories of Josephson Junction Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the zero-temperature physics of planar Josephson junction arrays in the self-dual approximation is governed by an Abelian gauge theory with periodic mixed Chern-Simons term describing the charge-vortex coupling. The periodicity requires the existence of (Euclidean) topological excitations which determine the quantum phase structure of the model. The electric-magnetic duality leads to a quantum phase transition between a superconductor and a superinsulator at the self-dual point. We also discuss in this framework the recently proposed quantum Hall phases for charges and vortices in presence of external offset charges and magnetic fluxes: we show how the periodicity of the charge-vortex coupling can lead to transitions to anyon superconductivity phases. We finally generalize our results to three dimensions, where the relevant gauge theory is the so-called BF system, with an antisymmetric Kalb-Ramond gauge field.

M. C. Diamantini; P. Sodano; C. A. Trugenberger

1995-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

194

Quantum computing with atomic Josephson junction arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a quantum computing scheme with atomic Josephson junction arrays. The system consists of a small number of atoms with three internal states and trapped in a far-off-resonant optical lattice. Raman lasers provide the 'Josephson' tunneling, and the collision interaction between atoms represent the 'capacitive' couplings between the modes. The qubit states are collective states of the atoms with opposite persistent currents. This system is closely analogous to the superconducting flux qubit. Single-qubit quantum logic gates are performed by modulating the Raman couplings, while two-qubit gates result from a tunnel coupling between neighboring wells. Readout is achieved by tuning the Raman coupling adiabatically between the Josephson regime to the Rabi regime, followed by a detection of atoms in internal electronic states. Decoherence mechanisms are studied in detail promising a high ratio between the decoherence time and the gate operation time.

Tian Lin; Zoller, P. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Advanced Concepts in Josephson Junction Reflection Amplifiers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low-noise amplification atmicrowave frequencies has become increasingly important for the research related to superconducting qubits and nanoelectromechanical systems. The fundamental limit of added noise by a phase-preserving amplifier is the standard quantum limit, often expressed as noise temperature $T_{q} = \\hbar {\\omega}/2k_{B}$. Towards the goal of the quantum limit, we have developed an amplifier based on intrinsic negative resistance of a selectively damped Josephson junction. Here we present measurement results on previously proposed wide-band microwave amplification and discuss the challenges for improvements on the existing designs. We have also studied flux-pumped metamaterial-based parametric amplifiers, whose operating frequency can be widely tuned by external DC-flux, and demonstrate operation at $2\\omega$ pumping, in contrast to the typical metamaterial amplifiers pumped via signal lines at $\\omega$.

Pasi Lähteenmäki; Visa Vesterinen; Juha Hassel; G. S. Paraoanu; Heikki Seppä; Pertti Hakonen

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

196

California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Buildings Scoping Report. California Energy Commission, Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division FOR EXISTING BUILDINGS SCOPING REPORT AUGUST 2012 CEC4002012015 CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Edmund G Implementation Office Dave Ashuckian Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Robert P. Oglesby

197

California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, infrastructure, buildings research, distributed generation, smart grid enacted Assembly Bill 1890 (Brulte, Chapter 854, Statutes of 1996), California's electric utility, development, and demonstration (RD&D) from California's investorowned utilities to state government--a major

198

California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, advanced electricity generation, renewable energy, infrastructure, buildings research, distributed (Brulte, Chapter 854, Statutes of 1996), California's electric utility restructuring legislation, and demonstration (RD&D) from California's investorowned utilities to state government; a major change intended

199

The Resources Agency of California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commission's certified program for siting powerplants. I am happy to inform you that, having reviewed://ceres.ca.gov/cra/ California Coastal Commission · California Tahoe Conservancy · Coachella Valley Mountains Conservancy · San

200

California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

document preparation support Chris Kavalec--demand forecast #12;ii #12;iii AND DEMAND OUTLOOK MAY 2012 CEC-200-2012-003 CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Edmund ABSTRACT The Summer 2012 Electricity Supply and Demand Outlook is the California Energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kramer junction california" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Josephson-junction arrays with long-range interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We calculate the current-voltage (IV) characteristics of a Josephson-junction array with long-range interactions. The array consists of two sets of equally spaced parallel superconducting wires placed at right angles. A Josephson junction is formed at every point wherever the wires cross. We treat each such junction as an overdamped resistively shunted junction, and each wire segment between two junctions as a similar resistively shunted junction with a much higher critical current. The IV characteristics are obtained by solving the coupled Josephson equations numerically. We find that, for a sufficiently large number of wires, the critical current saturates at a finite value because of the wire inductance, in excellent agreement with experiment. The calculated IV characteristics also show a striking hysteresis, even though each of the individual junctions is {ital nonhysteretic}. The hysteresis results from a global redistribution of current flow on the upper and lower voltage branches, and is also in excellent agreement with experiment. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Harbaugh, J.K.; Stroud, D. [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Mechanical deformations of boron nitride nanotubes in crossed junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a study of the mechanical deformations of boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) in crossed junctions. The structure and deformation of the crossed tubes in the junction are characterized by using atomic force microscopy. Our results show that the total tube heights are reduced by 20%–33% at the crossed junctions formed by double-walled BNNTs with outer diameters in the range of 2.21–4.67?nm. The measured tube height reduction is found to be in a nearly linear relationship with the summation of the outer diameters of the two tubes forming the junction. The contact force between the two tubes in the junction is estimated based on contact mechanics theories and found to be within the range of 4.2–7.6 nN. The Young's modulus of BNNTs and their binding strengths with the substrate are quantified, based on the deformation profile of the upper tube in the junction, and are found to be 1.07?±?0.11 TPa and 0.18–0.29 nJ/m, respectively. Finally, we perform finite element simulations on the mechanical deformations of the crossed BNNT junctions. The numerical simulation results are consistent with both the experimental measurements and the analytical analysis. The results reported in this paper contribute to a better understanding of the structural and mechanical properties of BNNTs and to the pursuit of their applications.

Zhao, Yadong; Chen, Xiaoming; Ke, Changhong, E-mail: cke@binghamton.edu [Department of Mechanical Engineering, State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton, New York 13902 (United States); Park, Cheol [NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia 23681 (United States); Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 (United States); Fay, Catharine C. [NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia 23681 (United States); Stupkiewicz, Stanislaw [Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Warsaw (Poland)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

203

LS-133 S. L. Kramer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 LOS ALAMOS, NewattractsDamping ofLS-13924 K.23

204

LS-68 S. L. Kramer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 LOS ALAMOS, NewattractsDamping s. H.34

205

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA GREETINGS FROM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

doors in 1869 in the farthest frontier of the American continent, the University of California had just around the world. The University of California continues to be at the frontier of unparalleled research. In fact, there are California businesses generating millions of dollars of revenue that were either based

Rose, Michael R.

206

Community-dependent Positive Interactions in Southern California Coastal Ecosystems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estuarine Wetland At Carpinteria, California - Plant-Estuarine Wetland At Carpinteria, California - Plant-Estuarine Wetland At Carpinteria, California - Plant-

Bryson, Sarah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

The radio-frequency impedance of individual intrinsic Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have measured the response of an array of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} intrinsic Josephson junctions to irradiation at 3 GHz. By measuring the dependence of the switching current upon the radio-frequency current for five of the junctions in the array we show quantitatively that the junctions have identical impedances at 3 GHz, this impedance being given by the inverse of the slope of the current-voltage characteristics.

Leiner, Johannes; Saleem, Sajid; Fenton, J. C.; Warburton, P. A. [London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, 17-19 Gordon Street, London WC1H 0AH (United Kingdom); Yamamoto, Takashi; Kadowaki, Kazuo [Institute of Materials Science, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573 (Japan)

2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

208

Dissipative dynamics of a Josephson junction in the Bose gases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dissipative dynamics of a Josephson junction in Bose gases is considered within the framework of the model of a tunneling Hamiltonian. The effective action that describes the dynamics of the phase difference across the junction is derived using the functional integration method. The dynamic equation obtained for the phase difference across the junction is analyzed for the finite temperatures in the low-frequency limit involving the radiation terms. The asymmetric case of the Bose gases with the different order parameters is calculated as well.

Barankov, R.A. [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Burmistrov, S.N. [RRC 'Kurchatov Institute', Kurchatov Sq.1, 123182 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Protecting Solar Rights in California Through an Exploration of the California Water Doctrine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

program called the California Solar Initiative.  This Table 1.  California Solar Legislation  Solar Law Protecting Solar Rights in California Through an 

Fedman, Anna

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

California’s North Coast Fishing Communities Historical Perspective and Recent Trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Service (NMFS), and Debbie Marshall, California Sea GrantService (NMFS), and Debbie Marshall, California Sea GrantService (NMFS), and Debbie Marshall, California Sea Grant

Pomeroy, Caroline; Thomson, Cynthia J.; Stevens, Melissa M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Southern/Northern California Coastal Processes Annotated Bibliography: Coast of California Storm and Tidal Waves Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reach Coast of California, Carpinteria to Point Mugu, BeachCell Coast of California, Carpinteria to Point Mugu, Beach1, Coast of California, Carpinteria to Point Mugu, Beach

US Army Corps of Engineers, Los Angeles District, Planning Division, Coastal Resources Branch

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Supercurrent-Induced Temperature Gradient across a Nonequilibrium SNS Josephson Junction M. S. Crosser,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supercurrent-Induced Temperature Gradient across a Nonequilibrium SNS Josephson Junction M. S direction. The feature represents an effective temperature gradient across the SNS Josephson junction Josephson junction (SNS JJ) into a `` junction'' by driving the electron energy distribution far from

Birge, Norman

213

Asymmetric noise probed with a Josephson junction Q. Le Masne,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asymmetric noise probed with a Josephson junction Q. Le Masne,1 H. Pothier,1, Norman O. Birge,2 C are measured using a Josephson junction. The current noise adds to the bias current of the Josephson junction], consists in using a Josephson junction (JJ) as a large bandwidth on-chip noise detector [7, 8, 9]. It has

Boyer, Edmond

214

Cooper pair transport and Coulomb blockade in one dimensional Josephson junction arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cooper pair transport and Coulomb blockade in one dimensional Josephson junction arrays Peter šË?ogskoletryckeriet, Stockholm, 2000 #12; Abstract One dimensional Josephson junction arrays have been fabricated, measured small capacitance Josephson junction is described using a Serial Resistive and Inductive Junction (SRLJ

Haviland, David

215

Asymmetric Noise Probed with a Josephson Junction Q. Le Masne,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asymmetric Noise Probed with a Josephson Junction Q. Le Masne,1 H. Pothier,1,* Norman O. Birge,2 C of the current through a tunnel junction are measured using a Josephson junction. The current noise adds to the bias current of the Josephson junction and affects its switching out of the supercurrent branch

Birge, Norman

216

Superconducting and Insulating Behavior in One-Dimensional Josephson Junction Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Superconducting and Insulating Behavior in One-Dimensional Josephson Junction Arrays David B Stockholm, Sweden Experiments on one-dimensional small capacitance Josephson Junction ar- rays are described shunted junction model of classical Josephson junctions. PACS numbers: 73.40Gk, 74.50+r 1. INTRODUCTION

Haviland, David

217

Long Josephson junction in a resonant cavity I. Tornes* and D. Stroud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Long Josephson junction in a resonant cavity I. Tornes* and D. Stroud Department of Physics Josephson junctions. When a soliton is present in the junction corresponding to a quantum of magnetic flux s : 74.81.Fa, 74.72. h, 74.25.Nf I. INTRODUCTION Josephson junction arrays have now been studied for more

Stroud, David

218

Microwave Photon Counter Based on Josephson Junctions Y.-F. Chen,1,* D. Hover,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microwave Photon Counter Based on Josephson Junctions Y.-F. Chen,1,* D. Hover,1 S. Sendelbach,1 L on the current-biased Josephson junction. The junction is tuned to absorb single microwave photons from optical photon counters, it is natural to consider the Josephson junction--a nonlinear, nondissipative

Saffman, Mark

219

Soiling losses for solar photovoltaic systems in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utilities Commission California Solar Initiative ProgramCalifornia. Report to the California Solar Initiative RD&DItron, Inc. , CPUC California Solar Initiative 2010 Impact

Mejia, Felipe A; Kleissl, Jan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Energy efficiency, innovation, and job creation in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Staff, CPUC. (2007). California Solar Initiative CaliforniaEnergy RPS (33%) California Solar Programs (3000 MWconcentrating solar power in California. Golden, Colorado,

Roland-Holst, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kramer junction california" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Achieving Sustainability inCalifornia’s CentralValley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of agricultural sustainability. ” Agriculture, Ecosystems &19, 2009. Achieving Sustainability in California’s Centralvariables. Achieving Sustainability in California’s Central

Lubell, Mark; Beheim, Bret; Hillis, Vicken; Handy, Susan L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Southern California Smart Grid Symposium California Institute of TechnologyCalifornia Institute of Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southern California Smart Grid Symposium California Institute of TechnologyCalifornia Institute Service in a Smart Grid World Hung po ChaoHung-po Chao Director, Market Strategy and Analysis October 13 of Technology Competitive Electricity Markets with Consumer Subscription Service in a SmartConsumer Subscription

223

Solar Power in the Desert: Are the current large-scale solar developments really improving California’s environment?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

large scale solar developments in California will impactpoorly placed solar arrays in California leads to the losslarge-scale solar developments really improving California’s

Allen, Michael F.; McHughen, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Power dissipation in a single molecule junction: Tracking energy levels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motivated by recent work [Lee et al. Nature {\\bf 489}, 209 (2013)], on asymmetry features of heat dissipation in the electrodes of molecular junctions, we put forward an idea as a result of heat dissipation in the electrodes. Based on tight-binding model and a generalized Green's function formalism, we describe the conditions under which heat dissipation shows symmetry characteristic and does not depend on the bias polarity. We also show the power dissipated in the junction can be used to detect which energy levels of molecule junction play more or less role in the transmission process. We present this idea by studying a simple toy model and Au-$C_{60}$-Au junction.

Yaghoob Naimi; Javad Vahedi

2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

225

Cambridge Grand Junction transit implementation : alternatives, scheduling, cost, and performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Grand Junction railroad lies at the heart of East Cambridge adjacent to the Kendall Square business district and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology campus. Over the last one hundred years the railroad has gone ...

Iglesias Cuervo, Jesus

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

EA-1037: Uranium Lease Management Program, Grand Junction, Colorado  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the U.S. Department of Energy's Grand Junction Projects Office's proposal to maintain and preserve the nation's immediately accessible supply of...

227

Manipulating Josephson junctions in thin-films by nearby vortices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is shown that a vortex trapped in one of the banks of a planar edge-type Josephson junction in a narrow thin-film superconducting strip can change drastically the dependence of the junction critical current on the applied field, I-c(H). When the vortex is placed at certain discrete positions in the strip middle, the pattern I-c(H) has zero at H = 0 instead of the traditional maximum of '0-type' junctions. The number of these positions is equal to the number of vortices trapped at the same location. When the junction-vortex separation exceeds similar to W, the strip width, I-c(H) is no longer sensitive to the vortex presence. The same is true for any separation if the vortex approaches the strip edges. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Kogan, V.G.; Mints, R.G.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

POSTGRADUATE MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of locating kelp in the California coastal waters. The task is currently done using multi-spectral imagery to eliminate all of it in the classification of kelp. The Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves proved they are a very good detector and discriminator of kelp and water. Using panchromatic and variance

229

Albany, California Mailing address  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to management. Guidelines are given to managers for sustaining soil health and productive forests. Retrieval. Proceedings of the California Forest Soils Council conference on forest soils biology and forest management Terms: soil biota, mycorrhizae, nitrogen fixation, soil fauna, truffles, forest management Technical

Standiford, Richard B.

230

of California, General Catalog  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of California, Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064-1077, (831) 459-4544. Web site: slugstore of Classes, which is on the World Wide Web at reg.ucsc.edu/soc/. (Additional web sites are referenced through

California at Santa Cruz, University of

231

CALIFORNIA Third Edition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

accounts funded through the Renewable Resource Trust Fund, please see the Energy Commission's Policy Report#12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Volume 2A NEW RENEWABLE RESOURCES ACCOUNT Third Edition MAY 2001 P Mizutani Manager Technology Market Development Office Marwan Masri Renewable Energy Program Manager Suzanne

232

CALIFORNIA STATEWIDE RESIDENTIAL APPLIANCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

methodology and results report that includes energy consumption tables from the conditional demand analysis Energy Consumption and Appliance Saturation Summaries. Results from the Conditional Demand Analysis (CDA conditioning is the primary driver of peak energy demand in California and the saturation of central air

233

POSTGRADUATE MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on cyber-attackers to design fake honeypot, we exposed a tightly secured, self-contained virtual honeypotNAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA THESIS Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited ASSESSING THE EFFECT OF HONEYPOTS ON CYBER-ATTACKERS by Sze Li Harry Lim December 2006 Thesis

234

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION TRABUCONIGUEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION N.N. FLANCO KEMPSTER RERC GLEN AVON TRABUCONIGUEL CROWN COYGEN KENTER HILLS TELEGRAPH ARTESIA BOVINE SOQUEL PEYTON PLASTIC OLS ENERGY CHINO CIMGEN CHINO PEDLEY ARCHIBALD STATION K (OLYMPIC) STATION 11 SAWTELLE MWD VENICE CULVER SONY HYPERION N.N. LOSULFUR POLARIS STATION L

235

167 Prospectus California Margin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Each of the three transects across the California Current will compare deep-water sites near the core), for those sites that require it, can be obtained from the following World Wide Web site: http margin, Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) Leg 63, occurred immediately before the first deployment

236

Josephson Junctions and Devices fabricated by Focused Electron Beam Irradiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Josephson Junctions and Devices fabricated by Focused Electron Beam Irradiation Wilfred Edwin Booij Gonville and Caius College Cambridge A dissertation submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Cambridge December 1997... Summary Josephson Junctions and Devices fabricated by Focused Electron Beam Irradiation The irradiation of high Tc superconducting thin films with a focused electron beam, such as that obtained in a scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM), can...

Booij, Wilfred Edwin

237

From Josephson junction metamaterials to tunable pseudo-cavities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The scattering through a Josephson junction interrupting a superconducting line is revisited including power leakage. We discuss also how to make tunable and broadband resonant mirrors by concatenating junctions. As an application, we show how to construct cavities using these mirrors, thus connecting two research fields: JJ quantum metamaterials and coupled cavity arrays. We finish by discussing the first non-linear corrections to the scattering and their measurable effects.

D. Zueco; C. Fernández-Juez; J. Yago; U. Naether; B. Peropadre; J. J. García-Ripoll; J. J. Mazo

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

238

High-frequency wave sources using Josephson-junction arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results from Josephson-junction arrays used as high-frequency wave sources are presented. Phase-locked Josephson-junction arrays having a large number of junctions were developed to meet the need for compact submillimeter-wave sources for use in such applications as satellite communications are receivers for radioastronomical observations. The design, fabrication processes, and measurement are discussed. Distributed arrays of 40 junctions in which all Josephson junctions are placed at wavelength intervals were fabricated and tested. Such arrays can deliver about 1 [mu]W of power into a 20-60 [Omega] load resistor in the frequency ranger from 100 to 500 GHz, the upper limit being set by the large loss of the superconducting microstrip. Compact arrays were designed and fabricated to eliminate the loss of the superconducting microstrip. Those arrays have also demonstrated an output power level about 1 [mu]W into a 15 [Omega] load from 100 GHz up to 620 GHz. Characteristics of the Josephson junction source, including the power level, impedance matching, the tunability, the radiation linewidth, and tuning rate (or frequency-modulation) are discussed.

Wan, Kelin.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recommendation 6 Redwood Coast Energy Authority Northwest California Alternative Fuels Readiness Project $300 Alternative Fuel Readiness Proposed Awards California Energy Commission Alternative and Renewable FuelSTATE OF CALIFORNIA ­ NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY

240

California’s Energy Future: The View to 2050 - Summary Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California renewable portfolio could be about 75% variable resources from solar andCalifornia Public Utilities Commission CSP Concentrating solara direct solar fuels industry. California’s Energy Future -

Yang, Christopher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kramer junction california" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Estimated impacts of climate warming on California’s high-elevation hydropower  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on high elevation hydropower generation in California’sCalifornia’s high-elevation hydropower Kaveh Madani · Jay R.Abstract California’s hydropower system is composed of high

Madani, Kaveh; Lund, Jay R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

EA-1338: Transfer of the Department of Energy Grand Junction Office to Non-DOE Ownership, Grand Junction, Colorado  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposed transfer of real and personal property at the U.S. Department of Energy's Grand Junction Office to non-DOE ownership.

243

California Energy Commission COMMITTEE FINAL REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of California, Davis) Howard Levenson ­ California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery Brian Mc Natural Resources Agency Tom Cackette ­ California Air Resources Board Tim Carmichael ­ California Resources Defense Council Steve Kaffka ­ California Biomass Collaborative (courtesy of University

244

2010 California Solar Workshop May 11, 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2010 California Solar Workshop May 11, 2010 Alumni Center, UC Davis, Davis, California Sponsored by California Solar Energy Collaborative UC Davis Energy Institute SOLAR WORKSHOP 2010 California Solar Energy and discuss innovative ways to developing and expanding the utilization of solar power in California. The one

245

Microstructure of Josephson junctions: Effect on supercurrent transport in YBCO grain boundary and barrier layer junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electric transport of high-temperature superconductors, such as YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}x} (YBCO), can be strongly restricted by the presence of high-angle grain boundaries (GB). This weak-link behavior is governed by the macroscopic GB geometry and the microscopic grain boundary structure and composition at the atomic level. Whereas grain boundaries present a considerable impediment to high current applications of high T{sub c} materials, there is considerable commercial interest in exploiting the weak-link-nature of grain boundaries for the design of microelectronic devices, such as superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs). The Josephson junctions which form the basis of this technology can also be formed by introducing artificial barriers into the superconductor. The authors have examined both types of Josephson junctions by EM techniques in an effort to understand the connection between microstructure/chemistry and electrical transport properties. This knowledge is a valuable resource for the design and production of improved devices.

Merkle, K.L.; Huang, Y.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

California Energy Commission STATE ENERGY PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brook, Municipal and Commercial Building Targeted Measure Program Larry Rillera, Clean Energy BusinessCalifornia Energy Commission STATE ENERGY PROGRAM GUIDELINES FIFTH EDITION CALIFORNIA ENERGY;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Robert Weisenmiller Chairman James D. Boyd Vice Chair Commissioners: Karen

247

CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON CALIFORNIA VEGETATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON CALIFORNIA VEGETATION: PHYSIOLOGY, LIFE HISTORY, AND ECOSYSTEM CHANGE A White Paper from the California Energy Commission's California Climate Change Center of the uncertainties with climate change effects on terrestrial ecosystems is understanding where transitions

248

ANALYSIS OF THE CALIFORNIA SOLAR RESOURCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SECTION ANALYSIS OF THE CALIFORNIA SOLAR RESOURCE' Volume 1:Analysis of the California Solar Resource is a three-volumeUC-62 ANALYSIS OF THE CALIFORNIA SOLAR RESOURCE VOLUME 1:

Berdahl, P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050 RyanCEC (2003a) California energy demand 2003-2013 forecast.CEC (2005a) California energy demand 2006-2016: Staff energy

McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

California Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

California nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State...

251

CARBON SEQUESTRATION STRATEGIES FOR CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEOLOGIC CARBON SEQUESTRATION STRATEGIES FOR CALIFORNIA: REPORT TO THE LEGISLATURE Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (WESTCARB) studies that we used, including Cameron Downey

252

California Budget Cuts Fray the Long-Term Safety Net  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of California’s 2009 Budget Cuts. Los Angeles, CA: UCLABrief October 2009 California Budget Cuts Fray the Long-TermNadereh Pourat T he deep budget cuts enacted by California’s

Wallace, Steven P.; Benjamin, A. E.; Villa, Valentine M.; Pourat, Nadereh

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Interference effects in isolated Josephson junction arrays with geometric symmetries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the size of a Josephson junction is reduced, charging effects become important and the superconducting phase across the link turns into a periodic quantum variable. Isolated Josephson junction arrays are described in terms of such periodic quantum variables and thus exhibit pronounced quantum interference effects arising from paths with different winding numbers (Aharonov-Casher effects). These interference effects have strong implications for the excitation spectrum of the array which are relevant in applications of superconducting junction arrays for quantum computing. The interference effects are most pronounced in arrays composed of identical junctions and possessing geometric symmetries; they may be controlled by either external gate potentials or by adding/removing charge to/from the array. Here we consider a loop of N identical junctions encircling one half superconducting quantum of magnetic flux. In this system, the ground state is found to be non-degenerate if the total number of Cooper pairs on the array is divisible by N, and doubly degenerate otherwise (after the stray charges are compensated by the gate voltages).

D. A. Ivanov; L. B. Ioffe; V. B. Geshkenbein; G. Blatter

2001-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

254

Measure Guideline: Optimizing the Configuration of Flexible Duct Junction Boxes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This measure guideline offers additional recommendations to heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system designers for optimizing flexible duct, constant-volume HVAC systems using junction boxes within Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA) Manual D guidance (Rutkowski, H. Manual D -- Residential Duct Systems, 3rd edition, Version 1.00. Arlington, VA: Air Conditioning Contractors of America, 2009.). IBACOS used computational fluid dynamics software to explore and develop guidance to better control the airflow effects of factors that may impact pressure losses within junction boxes among various design configurations (Beach, R., Prahl, D., and Lange, R. CFD Analysis of Flexible Duct Junction Box Design. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, submitted for publication 2013). These recommendations can help to ensure that a system aligns more closely with the design and the occupants' comfort expectations. Specifically, the recommendations described herein show how to configure a rectangular box with four outlets, a triangular box with three outlets, metal wyes with two outlets, and multiple configurations for more than four outlets. Designers of HVAC systems, contractors who are fabricating junction boxes on site, and anyone using the ACCA Manual D process for sizing duct runs will find this measure guideline invaluable for more accurately minimizing pressure losses when using junction boxes with flexible ducts.

Beach, R.; Burdick, A.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Role of magnetic anisotropy in spin-filter junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have fabricated oxide-based spin-filter junctions in which we demonstrate that magnetic anisotropy can be used to tune the transport behavior of spin-filter junctions. We have demonstrated spin-filtering behavior in La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3}/CoCr{sub 2}O{sub 4}/Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} and La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3}/MnCr{sub 2}O{sub 4}/Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} junctions where the interface anisotropy plays a significant role in determining transport behavior. Detailed studies of chemical and magnetic structure at the interfaces indicate that abrupt changes in magnetic anisotropy across the nonisostructural interface is the cause of the significant suppression of junction magnetoresistance in junctions with MnCr{sub 2}O{sub 4} barrier layers.

Chopdekar, R.V.; Wong, F.; Nelson-Cheeseman, B.B.; Liberati, M.; Arenholz, E.; Suzuki, Y.

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

256

Microwave coupling of frequency-locked Josephson junction arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high temperature superconducting YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub y} array of five Josephson junctions designed with additional coupling lines has been developed to demonstrate the effects of frequency locking and impedance matching for applications such as oscillators, mixers, and detectors. The Josephson self-radiation power was directly detected by a superheterodyne receiver, and Shapiro steps were also measured. The Josephson self-radiation properties reveal good quality of phase locking and microwave coupling with external circuits. The maximum self-radiation power of our array is about 50 pW which is several ten times higher than that of a single Josephson junction, and its peak point exactly satisfies the Josephson current-voltage relation. The Shapiro-step measurements show that the behavior of current-voltage curve depends on the effective inductance of coupling lines which affects the total impedance of Josephson junction array and microwave coupling. The Josephson oscillation frequency was obtained up to about 880 GHz which is 73{percent} of the maximum available frequency calculated from the characteristic voltage of the Josephson junctions. Experimental results show that this type of Josephson junction array can improve the Josephson self-radiation power and increase the maximum detectable frequency. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Song, I.; Eom, Y.; Park, G. [Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 100-611 (Korea)] [Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 100-611 (Korea); Lee, E.; Park, S. [Electronic Materials Laboratory, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Suwon (Korea)] [Electronic Materials Laboratory, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Suwon (Korea)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Theoretical exploration of Josephson Plasma Emission in Intrinsic Josephson Junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors theoretically predict the best efficient way for electromagnetic wave emission by Josephson plasma excitation in intrinsic Josephson junctions. First, they briefly derive basic equations describing dynamics of phase differences inside junction sites in intrinsic Josephson junctions, and review the nature of Josephson plasma excitation modes based on the equations. Especially, they make an attention to that Josephson plasma modes have much different dispersion relations depending on the propagating directions and their different modes can be recognized as N standing waves propagating along ah-plane in cases of finite stacked systems composed of N junctions. Second, they consider how to excite their modes and point out that excitations of in-phase mode with the highest propagation velocity among their N modes are the most efficient way for electromagnetic wave emissions. Finally, they clarify that in-phase excitations over all junctions are possible by using Josephson vortex flow states. They show simulation results of Josephson vortex flow states resonating with some Josephson plasma modes and predict that superradiance of electromagnetic field may occur in rectangular vortex flow state in which spatiotemporal oscillations of electromagnetic fields are perfectly in-phase.

Tachiki, M.; Machida, M.

2000-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

258

EERE Partner Testimonials - Phil Roberts, California Lithium...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Phil Roberts, California Lithium Battery (CalBattery) EERE Partner Testimonials - Phil Roberts, California Lithium Battery (CalBattery) Addthis Text Version The words "Office of...

259

California Environmental Protection Agency Department of Toxic...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Toxic Substances Control Jump to: navigation, search Name: California Environmental Protection Agency Department of Toxic Substances Control Place: Sacramento, California Website:...

260

California's Energy Future - The View to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and public opinion. By law, new nuclear power in Californiawith nuclear waste issues including California law whichnuclear waste repository or changing the California law

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kramer junction california" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

California Streamlines Approvals for Renewable Energy Projects...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

between the California Energy Commission (CEC) and the California Department of Fish and Game to create a "one-stop" permitting process. The collaboration, called the...

262

Farm Workers and Unions in California Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Unions in California Agriculture Philip Martin June 30,unions and immigration in California agriculture 2. scanningbargaining agreements signed in CA agriculture (http://

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Three ACE awards for California Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2012): Can Cali- fornia Agriculture disprove the allegedweed. Three ACE awards for California Agriculture TheCalifornia Agriculture team has won three awards from the

Editors, by

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Reducing Petroleum Despendence in California: Uncertainties About...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Petroleum Despendence in California: Uncertainties About Light-Duty Diesel Reducing Petroleum Despendence in California: Uncertainties About Light-Duty Diesel 2002 DEER Conference...

265

GEOLOGIC CARBON SEQUESTRATION STRATEGIES FOR CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION GEOLOGIC CARBON SEQUESTRATION STRATEGIES FOR CALIFORNIA to extend our thanks to the authors of various West Coast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership

266

State Experience in Hydrogen Infrastructure in California  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Experience in Hydrogen Infrastructure in California Gerhard H Achtelik Jr. February 17, 2011 Hydrogen Infrastructure Market Readiness Workshop California Environmental Protection...

267

Breathers in Josephson junction ladders: Resonances and electromagnetic wave spectroscopy A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and M. V. Fistul  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Breathers in Josephson junction ladders: Resonances and electromagnetic wave spectroscopy A. E localized states discrete breathers and linear electromagnetic excitations EE's in Josephson junction lattices 6 , and localized resistive states in Josephson junction arrays 7­10 . The latter systems

Flach, Sergej

268

California Air Resources Board's "California Green Building Strategy"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Air Resources Board's "California Green Building Strategy" Collectively, energy use. Significant GHG emission reductions can be achieved through the design and construction of new green buildings $56 billion in electricity and natural gas costs. Green buildings provide a cost-effective strategy

269

University of California Energy Institute The California Electricity Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of California Energy Institute Transmission Pricing Models · Fixed cost pricing models (cost recovery » Decentralized (Wu and Varaiya) #12;University of California Energy Institute Point: PoolCo and the Nodal Pricing Framework · Energy prices are set by ISO at various locations (nodes or zones) · Transmission prices

California at Berkeley. University of

270

STATE OF CALIFORNIA -NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

demand forecast Every two years the Energy Commission prepares a 1O-year forecast of electricity and natural gas demand. The forecast is used in various forums, including the IEPR, the California Public will finalize the California Energy Demand Forecast 2012-20

271

URBAN GROWTH IN CALIFORNIA Projecting Growth in California (2000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sensitive Agriculture A White Paper from the California Energy Commission's California Climate Change Center of Projected Connectivity for Plant Movement under Climate Change, and Conservation of Vulnerable Agricultural of climate data for climate change impacts. Lee Hannah and Patrick R. Roehrdanz provided Network Flow Model

272

STATE OF CALIFORNIA -THE RESOURCES AGENCY CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pnarvand@energy.state.ca.us COUNSEL FOR COMPLAINANT California Energy Commission Gabe Herrera Senior Staff Counsel 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, CA 95814 e-mail service preferred gherrera@energy.state.ca.us California Energy Commission Jonathan Knapp Staff Counsel 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, CA 95814 e

273

Junction-based field emission structure for field emission display  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A junction-based field emission display, wherein the junctions are formed by depositing a semiconducting or dielectric, low work function, negative electron affinity (NEA) silicon-based compound film (SBCF) onto a metal or n-type semiconductor substrate. The SBCF can be doped to become a p-type semiconductor. A small forward bias voltage is applied across the junction so that electron transport is from the substrate into the SBCF region. Upon entering into this NEA region, many electrons are released into the vacuum level above the SBCF surface and accelerated toward a positively biased phosphor screen anode, hence lighting up the phosphor screen for display. To turn off, simply switch off the applied potential across the SBCF/substrate. May be used for field emission flat panel displays.

Dinh, Long N. (Concord, CA); Balooch, Mehdi (Berkeley, CA); McLean, II, William (Oakland, CA); Schildbach, Marcus A. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Escape Time of Josephson Junctions for Signal Detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this Chapter we investigate with the methods of signal detection the response of a Josephson junction to a perturbation to decide if the perturbation contains a coherent oscillation embedded in the background noise. When a Josephson Junction is irradiated by an external noisy source, it eventually leaves the static state and reaches a steady voltage state. The appearance of a voltage step allows to measure the time spent in the metastable state before the transition to the running state, thus defining an escape time. The distribution of the escape times depends upon the characteristics of the noise and the Josephson junction. Moreover, the properties of the distribution depends on the features of the signal (amplitude, frequency and phase), which can be therefore inferred through the appropriate signal processing methods. Signal detection with JJ is interesting for practical purposes, inasmuch as the superconductive elements can be (in principle) cooled to the absolute zero and therefore can add (in practi...

Addesso, P; Pierro, V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Bloch Inductance in Small-Capacitance Josephson Junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that the electrical impedance of a small-capacitance Josephson junction also includes, in addition to the capacitive term -i/{omega}C{sub B}, an inductive term i{omega}L{sub B}. Similar to the known Bloch capacitance C{sub B}(q), the Bloch inductance L{sub B}(q) also depends periodically on the quasicharge, q, and its maximum value achieved at q=e(mod 2e) always exceeds the value of the Josephson inductance of this junction L{sub J}({phi}) at fixed {phi}=0. The effect of the Bloch inductance on the dynamics of a single junction and a one-dimensional array is described.

Zorin, A.B. [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Bundesallee 100, 38116 Braunschweig (Germany)

2006-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

276

Comparison of measurements and simulations of series-parallel incommensurate area SQUID arrays fabricated from Y Ba Cu O ion damage Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3 O 7?? ion damage Josephson junctions Shane A. Cybart, 1,2 Cu 3 O 7?? thin ?lm ion damage Josephson junctions. Theconsisted of a grid of Josephson junctions with 28 junctions

Cybart, Shane A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Environmental Audit of the Grand Junction Projects Office  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO) is located in Mesa County, Colorado, immediately south and west of the Grand Junction city limits. The US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) established the Colorado Raw Materials Office at the present-day Grand Junction Projects Office in 1947, to aid in the development of a viable domestic uranium industry. Activities at the site included sampling uranium concentrate; pilot-plant milling research, including testing and processing of uranium ores; and operation of a uranium mill pilot plant from 1954 to 1958. The last shipment of uranium concentrate was sent from GJPO in January, 1975. Since that time the site has been utilized to support various DOE programs, such as the former National Uranium Resource Evaluation (NURE) Program, the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project (UMTRAP), the Surplus Facilities Management Program (SFMP), and the Technical Measurements Center (TMC). All known contamination at GJPO is believed to be the result of the past uranium milling, analyses, and storage activities. Hazards associated with the wastes impounded at GJPO include surface and ground-water contamination and potential radon and gamma-radiation exposure. This report documents the results of the Baseline Environmental Audit conducted at Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO) located in Grand Junction, Colorado. The Grand Junction Baseline Environmental Audit was conducted from May 28 to June 12, 1991, by the Office of Environmental Audit (EH-24). This Audit evaluated environmental programs and activities at GJPO, as well as GJPO activities at the State-Owned Temporary Repository. 4 figs., 12 tabs.

Not Available

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Arnold Schwarzenegger California Wind Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Albany, New York Contract No. 500-03-006 Prepared For: Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) ProgramArnold Schwarzenegger Governor California Wind Energy Resource Modeling and Measurement Prepared For: California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research Program Prepared By: AWS Truewind

279

CALIFORNIA SMART GROWTH ENERGY SAVINGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(particularly autos) comprises a large share of total energy consumption, its reduction through more compact in transportation energy consumption resulting from Smart Growth planning. Since energy consumed by transportationCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CALIFORNIA SMART GROWTH ENERGY SAVINGS MPO SURVEY FINDINGS SEPTEMBER

280

University of California Los Angeles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of California Los Angeles Composition of the Highest Energy Cosmic Rays A dissertation University of California, Los Angeles 2007 ii #12;I dedicate this work to my grandfather David Dieterle, a North Dakota wheat farmer and a man of limited education but an unlimited fascination for the marvels

Carter, Troy

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281

LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS IN CALIFORNIA: HISTORY, RISKS, AND SITING Tyler Contributors Dave Maul Manager NATURAL GAS & SPECIAL PROJECTS OFFICE Terrence O'Brien, Deputy Commissioner and Leader of the Governor's Natural Gas Working Group #12;This paper was prepared as the result

282

STATE OF CALIFORNIA WPRS INSTRUCTIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATE OF CALIFORNIA WPRS INSTRUCTIONS ued 12/13) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION(Iss Wind Performance performance information and wind power purchasing information provided to the Energy Commission has been: Name of Wind Project Operator / Wind Power Purchaser, Address (PO Box and/or Street Address), City

283

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Santa Barbara  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, B. Dooher, and D. Rice, Analysis of dissolved benzene plumes and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE, An evaluation of MTBE impacts to California groundwater resources, pp. 68 p., Lawrence Livermore National, Temporal Analysis of Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) Plumes at California Leaking Underground Fuel tank

California at Santa Barbara, University of

284

STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY RESOURCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION Application, 2004, the California Energy Commission ("Commission") certified (or "licensed") the Tesla Power Project in a rural area of eastern Alameda County. We certified the Project on June 16, 2004. On November 13, 2006

285

STATE OF CALIFORNIA RESIDENTIAL LIGHTING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATE OF CALIFORNIA RESIDENTIAL LIGHTING CEC-CF-6R-LTG-01 (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CF-6R-LTG-01 Residential Lighting (Page 1 of 6) Site Address: Enforcement Agency: Permit Number: 2008 Residential Compliance Forms August 2009 1. Kitchen Lighting Does project

286

California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many thanks are due to the following individuals for their contributions and technical support Supply and Demand Outlook provides a summary of the California Energy Commission staff assessment of electricity system or grid capability to provide power to meet peak electricity demand within California

287

Observation of negative absolute resistance in a Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We experimentally demonstrate the occurrence of negative absolute resistance (NAR) up to about $-1\\Omega$ in response to an externally applied dc current for a shunted Nb-Al/AlO$_x$-Nb Josephson junction, exposed to a microwave current at frequencies in the GHz range. The realization (or not) of NAR depends crucially on the amplitude of the applied microwave current. Theoretically, the system is described by means of the resistively and capacitively shunted junction model in terms of a moderately damped, classical Brownian particle dynamics in a one-dimensional potential. We find excellent agreement of the experimental results with numerical simulations of the model.

J. Nagel; D. Speer; T. Gaber; A. Sterck; R. Eichhorn; P. Reimann; K. Ilin; M. Siegel; D. Koelle; R. Kleiner

2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

288

Testing axion physics in a Josephson junction environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We suggest that experiments based on Josephson junctions, SQUIDS, and coupled Josephson qubits can be used to construct a resonant environment for dark matter axions. We propose experimental setups in which axionic interaction strengths in a Josephson junction environment can be tested, similar in nature to recent experiments that test for quantum entanglement of two coupled Josephson qubits. We point out that the parameter values relevant for early-universe axion cosmology are accessible with present day's achievements in nanotechnology. We work out how typical dark matter and dark energy signals would look like in a novel detector that exploits this effect.

Beck, Christian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Averaged equations for Josephson junction series arrays with LRC load  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the averaged equations describing a series array of Josephson junctions shunted by a parallel inductor-resistor-capacitor load. We assume that the junctions have negligable capacitance ($\\beta = 0$), and derive averaged equations which turn out to be completely tractable: in particular the stability of both in-phase and splay states depends on a single parameter, $\\del$. We find an explicit expression for $\\delta$ in terms of the load parameters and the bias current. We recover (and refine) a common claim found in the technical literature, that the in-phase state is stable for inductive loads and unstable for capacitive loads.

Kurt Wiesenfeld; James W. Swift

1994-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

290

Testing axion physics in a Josephson junction environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We suggest that experiments based on Josephson junctions, SQUIDS, and coupled Josephson qubits can be used to construct a resonant environment for dark matter axions. We propose experimental setups in which axionic interaction strengths in a Josephson junction environment can be tested, similar in nature to recent experiments that test for quantum entanglement of two coupled Josephson qubits. We point out that the parameter values relevant for early-universe axion cosmology are accessible with present day's achievements in nanotechnology. We work out how typical dark matter and dark energy signals would look like in a novel detector that exploits this effect.

Christian Beck

2011-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

291

Three-dimensional Josephson-junction arrays: Static magnetic response  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work we present a simple three-dimensional Josephson-junction array model: a cube with twelve junctions, one on each edge. The low-field magnetic response of the system is studied numerically for arbitrary directions of the applied field. In this model the magnetic energy of the circulating currents is taken into account by introducing an effective mutual inductance matrix. The lower threshold field for flux penetration is determined in a closed analytic form for field directions perpendicular to one cube side. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

De Luca, R.; Di Matteo, T. [INFM-Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Salerno, I-84081 Baronissi (Salerno) (Italy)] [INFM-Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Salerno, I-84081 Baronissi (Salerno) (Italy); Tuohimaa, A.; Paasi, J. [Laboratory of Electricity and Magnetism, Tampere University of Technology, FIN-33101 Tampere (Finland)] [Laboratory of Electricity and Magnetism, Tampere University of Technology, FIN-33101 Tampere (Finland)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Noise in Bose Josephson junctions: Decoherence and phase relaxation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Squeezed states and macroscopic superpositions of coherent states have been predicted to be generated dynamically in Bose Josephson junctions. We solve exactly the quantum dynamics of such a junction in the presence of a classical noise coupled to the population-imbalance number operator (phase noise), accounting for, for example, the experimentally relevant fluctuations of the magnetic field. We calculate the correction to the decay of the visibility induced by the noise in the non-Markovian regime. Furthermore, we predict that such a noise induces an anomalous rate of decoherence among the components of the macroscopic superpositions, which is independent of the total number of atoms, leading to potential interferometric applications.

Ferrini, G.; Minguzzi, A.; Hekking, F. W. J. [Laboratoire de Physique et Modelisation des Milieux Condenses, Universite Joseph Fourier and CNRS, Boite Postale 166, F-38042 Grenoble (France); Spehner, D. [Laboratoire de Physique et Modelisation des Milieux Condenses, Universite Joseph Fourier and CNRS, Boite Postale 166, F-38042 Grenoble (France); Institut Fourier, Universite Joseph Fourier and CNRS, Boite Postale 74, F-38402 Saint Martin d'Heres (France)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Emission of terahertz waves from stacks of intrinsic Josephson junctions.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By patterning mesoscopic crystals of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8} (BSCCO) into electromagnetic resonators the oscillations of a large number of intrinsic Josephson junctions can be synchronized into a macroscopic coherent state accompanied by the emission of strong continuous wave THz-radiation. The temperature dependence of the emission is governed by the interplay of self-heating in the resonator and by re-trapping of intrinsic Josephson junctions which can yield a strongly non-monotonic temperature dependence of the emission power. Furthermore, proper shaping of the resonators yields THz-sources with voltage-tunable emission frequencies.

Gray, K. E.; Koshelev, A. E.; Kurter, C.; Kadowaki, K.; Yamamoto, T.; Minami, H.; Yamaguchi, H.; Tachiki, M.; Kwok, W.-K.; Welp, U.; Materials Science Division; Izmir Inst. of Tech.; Univ. Tsukuba; Univ. Tokyo

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Exact Quantum Dynamics of a Bosonic Josephson Junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quantum dynamics of a one-dimensional bosonic Josephson junction is studied by solving the time-dependent many-boson Schroedinger equation numerically exactly. Already for weak interparticle interactions and on short time scales, the commonly employed mean-field and many-body methods are found to deviate substantially from the exact dynamics. The system exhibits rich many-body dynamics such as enhanced tunneling and a novel equilibration phenomenon of the junction depending on the interaction, which is attributed to a quick loss of coherence.

Sakmann, Kaspar; Streltsov, Alexej I.; Alon, Ofir E.; Cederbaum, Lorenz S. [Theoretische Chemie, Physikalisch-Chemisches Institut, Universitaet Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 229, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2009-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

295

Exact quantum dynamics of a bosonic Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The quantum dynamics of a one-dimensional bosonic Josephson junction is studied by solving the time-dependent many-boson Schr\\"odinger equation numerically exactly. Already for weak interparticle interactions and on short time scales, the commonly-employed mean-field and many-body methods are found to deviate substantially from the exact dynamics. The system exhibits rich many-body dynamics like enhanced tunneling and a novel equilibration phenomenon of the junction depending on the interaction, attributed to a quick loss of coherence.

Kaspar Sakmann; Alexej I. Streltsov; Ofir E. Alon; Lorenz S. Cederbaum

2009-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

296

Free electron gas primary thermometer: The bipolar junction transistor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The temperature of a bipolar transistor is extracted probing its carrier energy distribution through its collector current, obtained under appropriate polarization conditions, following a rigorous mathematical method. The obtained temperature is independent of the transistor physical properties as current gain, structure (Homo-junction or hetero-junction), and geometrical parameters, resulting to be a primary thermometer. This proposition has been tested using off the shelf silicon transistors at thermal equilibrium with water at its triple point, the transistor temperature values obtained involve an uncertainty of a few milli-Kelvin. This proposition has been successfully tested in the temperature range of 77–450?K.

Mimila-Arroyo, J., E-mail: jmimila@cinvestav.mx [Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Dpto. de Ing. Eléctrica-SEES, Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional No 2508, México D.F. CP 07360 (Mexico)

2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

297

Estimating commuter rail demand to Kendall Square along the Grand Junction Corridor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since acquiring the Grand Junction Railroad in June 2010 from CSX, the Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority (MBTA) has explored the possibility of using the line for commuter rail service. In addition the Grand Junction ...

Bockelie, Adam

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Interaction of Josephson Junction and Distant Vortex in Narrow Thin-Film Superconducting Strips  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The phase difference between the banks of an edge-type planar Josephson junction crossing the narrow thin-film strip depends on wether or not vortices are present in the junction banks. For a vortex close to the junction this effect has been seen by Golod, Rydh, and Krasnov [Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 227003 (2010)], who showed that the vortex may turn the junction into ? type. It is shown here that even if the vortex is far away from the junction, it still changes the 0 junction to a ? junction when situated close to the strip edges. Within the approximation used, the effect is independent of the vortex-junction separation, a manifestation of the topology of the vortex phase which extends to macroscopic distances of superconducting coherence.

Kogan, V. G. [Ames Laboratory; Mints, R. G. [Tel Aviv University

2014-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

299

E-Print Network 3.0 - alter tight junction Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

if the read-out junction is in the underdamped phase... cheerful atmosphere in the Josephson junctions ii tel-00586075,version1-14Apr2011 12;iii group and thank......

300

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered tight junction Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

if the read-out junction is in the underdamped phase... cheerful atmosphere in the Josephson junctions ii tel-00586075,version1-14Apr2011 12;iii group and thank......

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kramer junction california" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Photo of the Week: An Express Train to Crescent Junction | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

An Express Train to Crescent Junction Photo of the Week: An Express Train to Crescent Junction January 4, 2013 - 1:53pm Addthis In the 1950s, one of the largest uranium deposits in...

302

Optimized Triple-Junction Solar Cells Using Inverted Metamorphic Approach (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Record efficiencies with triple-junction inverted metamorphic designs, modeling useful to optimize, and consider operating conditions before choosing design.

Geisz, J. F.

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

February 2008 In 2003, the California Public Utilities Commission, the California Energy Commission, and the California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;February 2008 In 2003, the California Public Utilities Commission, the California Energy, the Energy Commission and the Public Utilities Commission adopted a second plan, Energy Action Plan II a comprehensive set of recommended actions to achieve these policies. The Public Utilities Commission has a number

304

Nanomechanical-resonator-induced synchronization in Josephson junction arrays B. R. Trees* and S. Natu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and an interaction energy due to the piezo- electric effect between the NEM and the junctions. Phase lockingNanomechanical-resonator-induced synchronization in Josephson junction arrays B. R. Trees* and S that includes the following effects: the charging and Josephson energies of the junctions, dissipation

Stroud, David

305

Fluxon Dynamics and Radiation Emission in Twofold Long Josephson Junction Stacks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluxon Dynamics and Radiation Emission in Twofold Long Josephson Junction Stacks Andreas Wallraff¨ulich (KFA) January 27, 1997 #12;#12; Contents Introduction 1 1 Basic properties of Josephson junctions 5 2 Electrodynamics in long Josephson junctions 11 3 Radiation emission by stacked flux­flow oscillators 29 1

Leonardo, Degiorgi

306

Collapse of superconductivity in a hybrid tin-graphene Josephson junction array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Collapse of superconductivity in a hybrid tin-graphene Josephson junction array Zheng Han1 of the Josephson junction array into a zero-temperature metallic state. The suppression of proximity, models involving specific types of Josephson junction arrays in which superconducting disks are coupled

Boyer, Edmond

307

Resonant plasmon scattering by discrete breathers in Josephson junction ladders A. E. Miroshnichenko,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resonant plasmon scattering by discrete breathers in Josephson junction ladders A. E scattering by discrete breathers in Josephson junction ladders. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.71.174306 PACS number Josephson junction systems,2 coupled nonlinear optical waveguides,3 lattice vi- brations in crystals,4

Flach, Sergej

308

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 87, 144301 (2013) Parametric amplification in Josephson junction embedded transmission lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 87, 144301 (2013) Parametric amplification in Josephson junction embedded (Josephson junctions) is studied theoretically. A continuous nonlinear wave equation describing the dynamics ranging from 1­10 MHz.9­13 These amplifiers, however, comprise a single Josephson junction or an array

Friedland, Lazar

309

Andreev-level spectroscopy and Josephson-current switching in a three-terminal Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Andreev-level spectroscopy and Josephson-current switching in a three-terminal Josephson junction H held in thermodynamic equilibrium with the two superconducting contacts of a Josephson junction. When levels. The additional normal-metal probe coupled to the Josephson junction, shown in Fig. 1, models

Demir, Hilmi Volkan

310

Resonant plasmon scattering by discrete breathers in Josephson junction ladders A. E. Miroshnichenko,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resonant plasmon scattering by discrete breathers in Josephson junction ladders A. E in Josephson junction ladders. We predict the existence of Fano resonances, and find them by computing in the plasmon scattering by discrete breathers in Josephson junction ladders. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.71

311

Pinned fluxons in a Josephson junction with a finite-length inhomogeneity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pinned fluxons in a Josephson junction with a finite-length inhomogeneity Gianne Derks , Arjen Doelman Christopher J.K. Knight§ , Hadi Susanto¶ July 5, 2011 Abstract We consider a Josephson junction as limits of our results on microresonators. Keywords: Josephson junction, inhomogeneous sine

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

312

Magnetic field penetration in a long Josephson junction imbedded in a wide stripline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic field penetration in a long Josephson junction imbedded in a wide stripline Andreas Franz The dependence of the first critical field of long linear and annular Josephson junctions on the width A Josephson junction is formed by two superconductors separated by a thin oxide layer allowing the tunneling

Wallraff, Andreas

313

Quantum Coherence in a Superfluid Josephson Junction Supradeep Narayana and Yuki Sato  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum Coherence in a Superfluid Josephson Junction Supradeep Narayana and Yuki Sato The Rowland in which we take an array of nanoscale apertures that form a superfluid 4He Josephson junction and apply Josephson junctions as well as phase coherence among the superfluid aperture array are discussed. DOI: 10

Sato, Yuki

314

Pinned fluxons in a Josephson junction with a finite-length inhomogeneity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pinned fluxons in a Josephson junction with a finite-length inhomogeneity Gianne Derks , Arjen as limits of our results on microresonators. Keywords: Josephson junction, inhomogeneous sine Josephson junction tt = xx - D sin() + - t, (1) where x and t are the spatial and temporal variable

Doelman, Arjen

315

Three-dimensional Josephson junction networks with coupling inhomogeneities in magnetic fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three-dimensional Josephson junction networks with coupling inhomogeneities in magnetic fields A on the static magnetic response of a three-dimensional 8 · 8 · 8 network of Josephson junctions is studied of one-dimensional and two-dimensional Josephson junction networks (1D, 2D-JJNs) has been extensively

Di Matteo, Tiziana

316

Direct Observation of Dynamical Bifurcation in a Superfluid Josephson Junction Supradeep Narayana and Yuki Sato  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct Observation of Dynamical Bifurcation in a Superfluid Josephson Junction Supradeep Narayana Josephson junction. We excite the superfluid plasma resonance into a nonlinear regime by driving below.205302 PACS numbers: 67.25.dg, 07.60.Ly, 47.20.Ky, 85.25.Cp A superfluid Josephson junction is formed

Sato, Yuki

317

Josephson-junction arrays with long-range interactions J. Kent Harbaugh and D. Stroud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Josephson-junction arrays with long-range interactions J. Kent Harbaugh and D. Stroud Department-voltage (IV) characteristics of a Josephson-junction array with long-range inter- actions. The array consists of two sets of equally spaced parallel superconducting wires placed at right angles. A Josephson junction

Stroud, David

318

Quantum phase transitions and persistent currents in Josephson-junction ladders Minchul Lee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum phase transitions and persistent currents in Josephson-junction ladders Minchul Lee- dimensional Josephson-junction arrays. We will focus particularly on the roles of excitonlike pairs.40.Db, 73.23.Hk I. INTRODUCTION Systems of Josephson junctions between small supercon- ducting grains

Choi, Mahn-Soo

319

Phase qubits fabricated with trilayer junctions M. Weides1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Josephson junction geometry with minimal volume of lossy isolation dielectric, being suitable for higher) spectroscopy and time-domain measurements of the qubit. By systematically replacing only the Josephson junction element, and, ideally, develop low-loss Josephson junctions for superconducting qubits and improve our

Martinis, John M.

320

Depinning of kinks in a Josephson-junction ratchet array E. Trias,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Depinning of kinks in a Josephson-junction ratchet array E. Tri´as,1 J. J. Mazo,1,2 F. Falo,2 and T kinks in a ratchet potential using a fabricated circular array of Josephson junctions. Our ratchet . Josephson junctions are solid state realizations of a simple pendulum. By coupling them, it is possible

Orlando, Terry P.

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Switching current measurements of large area Josephson tunnel junctions A. Wallraff,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the potential. This corresponds to a transition of the Josephson junction from a superconducting zero the system is coupled. Thermal activation TA in a current-biased Josephson junction has been studied both damping.11,12 At low temperatures the quantum mechanical properties of Josephson junctions have been

Wallraff, Andreas

322

DESIGN APPROACHES AND MATERIALS PROCESSES FOR ULTRAHIGH EFFICIENCY LATTICE MISMATCHED MULTI-JUNCTION SOLAR CELLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-JUNCTION SOLAR CELLS Melissa J. Griggs 1 , Daniel C. Law 2 , Richard R. King 2 , Arthur C. Ackerman 3 , James M heterostructures grown in a multi-junction solar cell-like structure by MOCVD. Initial solar cell data are also of the minority carrier lifetime. INTRODUCTION High efficiency triple junction solar cells have recently been

Atwater, Harry

323

Higher-order effects on Shapiro steps in Josephson junctions Kim O" . Rasmussen and Vadim Zharnitsky*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Higher-order effects on Shapiro steps in Josephson junctions Kim O" . Rasmussen and Vadim is that the pendulum equation is the most widely used model for super- conducting Josephson junctions.1,8 Particularly Josephson junction, where phase-locking of the voltage response to an ac current can occur in certain

Zharnitsky, Vadim

324

Josephson Junction with a Magnetic-Field Tunable Ground State E. Goldobin,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Josephson Junction with a Magnetic-Field Tunable Ground State E. Goldobin,1 D. Koelle,1 R. Kleiner; published 21 November 2011) We consider an asymmetric 0- Josephson junction consisting of 0 and regions.25.Cp Josephson junctions (JJs) with a phase shift of in the ground state [1] attracted a lot

Mints, Roman G.

325

SIS Josephson junction with a correlated insulator below its SI transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S­I­S Josephson junction with a correlated insulator below its S­I transition C.D. Porter Accepted 31 December 2013 Available online 9 January 2014 Keywords: Josephson junction array Superconductor, with a correlated insulating region, can be viewed as a single effective Josephson junction. � 2014 Elsevier B

Stroud, David

326

Josephson junction in a thin film V. G. Kogan, V. V. Dobrovitski, and J. R. Clem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Josephson junction in a thin film V. G. Kogan, V. V. Dobrovitski, and J. R. Clem Ames Laboratory The phase difference (y) for a vortex at a line Josephson junction in a thin film attenuates at large was normal to the film faces unlike traditional thin-film large- area Josephson junctions in which

Mints, Roman G.

327

Quantum Monte Carlo study of a disordered 2D Josephson junction array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum Monte Carlo study of a disordered 2D Josephson junction array W.A. Al-Saidi *, D. Stroud reserved. PACS: 74.25.Dw; 05.30.Jp; 85.25.Cp Keywords: Josephson junctions; Quantum Monte Carlo; Disorder 1. Introduction A Josephson junction array (JJA) consists of a collection of superconducting islands connected

Stroud, David

328

The chaotic oscillations of a Josephson junction with external magnetic field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using the Melnikov Method the oscillation of a single Josephson junction with external magnetic field and DC bias is analyzed. Under the external magnetic field the junction can operate in chaos even if there is no bias. The numerical results show that in dependence on some parameters the Josephson junction with external magnetic field will go from stable periodic states to chaotic states.

Ma, J.G.; Wolff, I. [Duisburg Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Washing out of the 0-transition in Josephson junctions R. Avriller1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Washing out of the 0- transition in Josephson junctions R. Avriller1 and F. Pistolesi1 1 Univ: July 21, 2014) We consider a Josephson junction formed by a quantum dot connected to two bulk numbers: 73.23.-b, 74.25.F-, 74.50.+r, 74.45.+c Introduction.-- The Josephson junction is a fun- damental

Boyer, Edmond

330

INTEGRATED ENERGY POLICY REPORT CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to California's achievements as a global energy leader. #12;ii CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Robert B David Vidaver Primary Authors #12;iii Acknowledgements The California Energy Commission would like2011 IEPR INTEGRATED ENERGY POLICY REPORT CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION EDMUND G. BROWN JR

331

California Energy Commission September 14, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forecast: Estimates of Incremental Uncommitted Energy Savings Relative to the California Energy Demand Forecast (CED 2011), the demand forecast adopted by the California Energy Commission (Energy Commission, and Kate Sullivan. 2012. California Energy Demand Forecast 20122022 (Volume 1 and Volume 2) California

332

California foraminiferal micropalaeontology KENNETH L. FINGER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; CAS, California Academy of Sciences (San Fran- cisco); CIT, California Institute of Technology, Oil Company; ODP, Offshore Drilling Proj- ect; PG&E, Pacific Gas and Electric Company; PCJ, Petroleum- pany of California; SUNY, State University of New York; UCB, University of California, Berkeley; UCD

Finger, Kenneth L.

333

California Commissioning Collaborative: 2007 Program Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Commissioning Collaborative: 2007 Program Plan Presented by: Jim Parks, Chair CCC Board of Directors November 1, 2007 © California Commissioning Collaborative © California Commissioning Collaborative Mission and Organization • Improve... and RCx as a strategy for meeting efficiency goals • CCC projects provide support and resources © California Commissioning Collaborative 2007 Program Plan • Support for Retrocommissioning Programs – Verification of Savings • Retrocommissioning Market...

Parks, J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Tunneling Qubit Operation on a Protected Josephson Junction Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a protected quantum computation process based on a hexagon Josephson junction array. Qubits are encoded in the punctured array, which is topologically protected. The degeneracy is related to the number of holes. The topological degeneracy is lightly shifted by tuning the flux through specific hexagons. We also show how to perform single qubit operation and basic quantum gate operations in this system.

Zhi Yin; Sheng-Wen Li; Yi-Xin Chen

2010-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

335

Topological order in Josephson junction ladders with Mobius boundary conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a CFT description for a closed one-dimensional fully frustrated ladder of quantum Josephson junctions with Mobius boundary conditions, in particular we show how such a system can develop topological order. Such a property is crucial for its implementation as a "protected" solid state qubit.

G. Cristofano; V. Marotta; A. Naddeo

2005-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

336

Particle pulses from superconducting aluminum tunnel junction detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Superconducting aluminum tunnel junctions have been developed for use as particle detectors. This paper presents results on static characteristics of these devices. We also present results from tests of these detectors with 6-keV X-rays. An extrapolation of the properties of these detectors to one suitable for dark-matter detectors is discussed.

Stricker, D.A.; Bing, D.D.; Bland, R.W.; Dickson, S.C.; Dignan, T.; Johnson, R.T.; Lockhart, J.M.; Laws, K.; Simon, M.W.; Watson, R. (San Francisco State Univ., Physics and Astronomy Dept. San Francisco, CA (US))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Determination of the current density distribution in Josephson junctions.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A technique is described for recovering the missing phase information for a set of critical current measurements as a function of an applied magnetic field I{sub c}(B). In many cases the current density j(x) across the boundary for a Josephson junction can be determined.

Carmody, M; Landree, E.; Marks, L. D.; Merkle, K. L.; Northwestern Univ.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Distinguished solutions for discontinuous signature change with weak junction conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider discontinuous signature change with the weak junction condition favoured by Ellis et. al. (1992). We impose certain regularity conditions and investigate the space of solutions (considered as one-parameter families of three-dimensional Riemannian manifolds) for dust and scalar field models.

M. Kriele

1996-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

339

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator Aug 2013 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator Aug 2013 © Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

340

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2014 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2014 © Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kramer junction california" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Aluminum tunnel junction detector operation in an adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Superconducting tunnel junction detectors are being developed as both particle and X-ray detectors. Aluminum junctions are desirable for detectors because of their strong native oxide barriers, and because the small energy gap of aluminum is a good match to ballistic phonons generated by particle interactions in single crystals of silicon or other low acoustic-loss insulating crystals. Aluminum tunnel junction detectors must be operated near 0.1 T{sub C} which is 110 mK for aluminum. To operate detectors at these temperatures, we have developed adiabatic demagnetization refrigerators (ADRs) for the laboratory and prototype ADRs for space based operation. These cryogenic systems are simpler, more convenient and more portable than most dilution refrigerators. We have demonstrated that the magnetic field of the ADR need not compromise the performance of aluminum tunnel junctions. We have recently initiated a program to develop superconducting tunnel junctions (STJs) as high resolution X-ray detectors and low energy threshold particle detectors. This complements our existing program in which we are developing high resolution X-ray microcalorimeter detectors. One of our goals for both of these cryogenic detector development efforts is to observe X-ray emission from cosmic sources. This requires a refrigeration system that can operate under zero gravity space flight conditions. For the microcalorimeter project, temperatures of 100 mK and below are required to sufficiently reduce the heat capacity of the device. We have therefore developed an adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator (ADR) system which can be configured for space flight.

Labov, S.; Silver, E.; Le Gros, M. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)); Bland, R.W.; Dickson, S.C.; Dignan, T.G.; Laws, K.; Johnson, R.T.; Simon, M.W.; Stricker, D.A.; Watson, R.M. (San Francisco State Univ., CA (United States)); Madden, N.; Landis, D. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))

1992-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

342

California Enterprise Development Authority (Figtree PACE)- Statewide PACE Program (California)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FIGTREE Energy Financing is administering a Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing program in a number of California cities and counties through a partnership with the Pacific Housing and...

343

California Enterprise Development Authority- Statewide PACE Program (California)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

FIGTREE Energy Financing is administering a Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing program in a number of California cities and counties through a partnership with the Pacific Housing &...

344

Transportation and Stationary Power Integration Workshop: A California...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

A California Perspective Transportation and Stationary Power Integration Workshop: A California Perspective Overview of California regulations, latest funded hydrogen stations, and...

345

Solar access of residential rooftops in four California cities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rooftops in four California cities Solar access ofcomputed. Solar access violation California Public ResourcesSolar access of residential rooftops in four California

Levinson, Ronnen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

California's Greenhouse Gas Policies: Local Solutions to a Global Problem?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prominent programs: the California Solar Initiative and thegreenhouse gasses. The California Solar Initiative is a setexpansion of solar photovoltaics in California will spur new

Bushnell, Jim B; Peterman, Carla Joy; Wolfram, Catherine D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Mandating Solar Hot Water by California Local Governments: Legal Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the legality of solar mandates in California cities andCITIES & CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION, SOLAR HANDBOOK FORMandating Solar Hot Water By California Local Governments:

Hoffman,, Peter C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Climate Change and Flood Operations in the Sacramento Basin, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Yuba River, California: water control manual. Sacramento (River, California: water control manual. Sacramento (CA):Nov 9. [DWR] Department of Water Resources. 1969. California

Willis, Ann D.; Lund, Jay R.; Townsley, Edwin S.; Faber, Beth A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Proposition 13 and The California Fiscal Shell Game  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and The California Fiscal Shell Game Notes Others, however,13 and The California Fiscal Shell Game References Abadie,13 and The California Fiscal Shell Game Kogan, Vladimir, and

McCubbins, Colin H; McCubbins, Mathew D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel Photo of a trailer with the Energy Upgrade California logo and...

351

Quantum efficiency of a microwave photon detector based on a current-biased Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the quantum efficiency of a microwave photon detector based on a current-biased Josephson junction. We consider the Jaynes-Cummings Hamiltonian to describe coupling between the photon field and the junction. We then take into account coupling of the junction and the resonator to the environment. We solve the equation of motion of the density matrix of the resonator-junction system to compute the quantum efficiency of the detector as a function of detection time, bias current, and energy relaxation time. Our results indicate that junctions with modest coherence properties can provide efficient detection of single microwave photons, with quantum efficiency in excess of 80%.

Poudel, Amrit; Vavilov, Maxim G

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

STATE OF CALIFORNIA THE RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATE OF CALIFORNIA ­ THE RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY, DC 20585-0121 California Energy Commission Petition for Exemption from Federal Preemption Maximizing energy efficiency and renewable energy IS the domestic epicenter in the War on Terror

353

STATE OF CALIFORNIA THE RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

....................................................................................13 4. The High Energy Intensity and Energy Costs of California's Water SuppliesSTATE OF CALIFORNIA ­ THE RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy United States Department of Energy Section 327

354

Program Strategies and Results for California’s Energy Efficiency and Demand Response Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Energy Partners provides a review of California’s strategic approach to energy efficiency and demand response implementation, with a focus on the industrial sector. The official role of the state, through the California Energy Commission (CEC...

Ehrhard, R.; Hamilton, G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

California’s Industrial Energy Efficiency Best Practices Technical Outreach and Training Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes the California Energy Commission’s (Commission) energy policies and programs that save energy and money for California’s manufacturing and food processing industries to help retain businesses in-state and reduce greenhouse gases...

Kazama, D. B.; Wong, T.; Wang, J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Mutual synchronization of two stacks of intrinsic Josephson junctions in cuprate superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Certain high-T{sub c} cuprate superconductors, which naturally realize a stack of Josephson junctions, thus can be used to generate electromagnetic waves in the terahertz region. A plate-like single crystal with 10{sup 4} junctions without cavity resonance was proposed to achieve strong radiation. For this purpose, it is required to synchronize the Josephson plasma oscillation in all junctions. In this work, we propose to use two stacks of junctions shunted in parallel to achieve synchronization. The two stacks are mutually synchronized in the whole IV curve, and there is a phase shift between the plasma oscillation in the two stacks. The phase shift is nonzero when the number of junctions in different stacks is the same, while it can be arbitrary when the number of junctions is different. This phase shift can be tuned continuously by applying a magnetic field when all the junctions are connected by superconducting wires.

Lin, Shi-Zeng [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

357

Energy Prices and California's Economic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Energy Prices and California's Economic Security David RolandHolst October, 2009 on Energy Prices, Renewables, Efficiency, and Economic Growth: Scenarios and Forecasts, financial support drivers, the course of fossil fuel energy prices, energy efficiency trends, and renewable energy

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

358

California's Energy Policy: Conservation Works  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conservation is the foundation of California's energy policy and the largest single source of the state's 'new energy supply'. Our goal is to use economic market forces and government programs to direct energy Investments away from our current...

Greene, D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Daylighting In Schools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Daylighting In Schools: Reanalysis Report TECHNICALREPORT October 2003 Departments, JimVan Dame of My-Lite Daylighting Systems and Products, Doug Gehring of Celotex, Ivan Johnson

360

CALIFORNIA INVESTMENT PLAN FOR THE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Investment Plan. Bonnie HolmesGen, American Lung Association Stephen Clarke, Applied Intellectual Capital Carla Din, Apollo Alliance Tom Frantz, Association of Irritated Residents Jay McKeeman, California

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kramer junction california" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.............................................................................................................................2 Purpose of Transportation Fuel Price and Demand Forecasts.....................................................................................................................3 CHAPTER 2: Long-Term Fuel Demand Forecast MethodsCalifornia Energy Commission STAFF REPORT TRANSPORTATION FUEL PRICE CASES AND DEMAND SCENARIOS

362

Renewable Auction Mechanism (RAM) (California)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Renewable Auction Mechanism (RAM), approved by the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) in December 2010, is expected to result in 1,299 megawatts (MW) of new distributed generation...

363

CALIFORNIA ENERGY PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION REPORTING ACT (PIIRA) PROGRAM REPORTING PETROLEUM AND NON-PETROLEUM ................................................... 40 PRODUCT DEFINITIONS Major Petroleum Product Storer and Terminal Weekly Report Major petroleum product storers, terminal

364

Updated 030613 University of California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Updated 030613 University of California Berkeley UC Berkeley Summer Sessions- ASTRON W12/EPS W12: The Solar System with MasteringAstronomy, 6/E. Jeffrey O. Bennett, et al. ISBN-10: 0321642678 ISBN-13

Walker, Matthew P.

365

CONSULTANT REPORT 2009 CALIFORNIA RESIDENTIAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSULTANT REPORT 2009 CALIFORNIA RESIDENTIAL APPLIANCE SATURATION STUDY funded and administered a Residential Appliance Saturation Study that serves as an update to the 2003 electric and 10 natural gas residential enduses and appliance saturations for households

366

Transforming California's Freight Transport System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transforming California's Freight Transport System Policy Forum on the Role of Freight Transport Standard #12;2050 Vision- Key Conceptual Outcomes Technology Transformation Early Action Cleaner Combustion Multiple Strategies Federal Action Efficiency Gains Energy Transformation 9 #12;Further reduce localized

California at Davis, University of

367

Quantum Dissociation of a Vortex-Antivortex Pair in a Long Josephson Junction M.V. Fistul,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum Dissociation of a Vortex-Antivortex Pair in a Long Josephson Junction M.V. Fistul,1 A VAV pair manifests itself in a switching of the Josephson junction from the superconducting biased single Josephson junctions (JJs), various SQUIDs, and small Josephson junction arrays, contain

Wallraff, Andreas

368

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 87, 214511 (2013) Linewidth of the electromagnetic radiation from Josephson junctions near cavity resonances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emission from intrinsic Josephson junctions in high-Tc cuprate superconductors has been detected recently for a single Josephson junction nor for a stack of the intrinsic Josephson junctions realized in cuprateRevB.87.214511 PACS number(s): 74.50.+r, 74.25.Gz, 85.25.Cp In a Josephson junction (JJ) biased by a dc

Alexei, Koshelev

369

California’s Energy Future: The View to 2050 - Summary Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and public opinion. By law, new nuclear power in Californiawith nuclear waste issues including California law whichnuclear waste repository or changing the California law

Yang, Christopher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

STATE OF CALIFORNIA THE RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATE OF CALIFORNIA THE RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY operations, (7) a reverse osmosis unit will employed on-site to recycle water for plant processes

371

California Green Stimulus Coalition Hon. Elaine M. Howle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LISC California Apollo Alliance California Building and Construction Trades Council California Labor California Environmental Defense Fund Equal Justice Society Food & Water Watch George Koster Consulting Coalition) Urban Habitat Urban Solutions US Green Building Council, Northern Calif Chapter Working

372

Strain designed Josephson $?$ junction qubits with topological insulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Josephson qubit is designed via the application of a tensile strain to a topological insulator surface sandwiched between two s-wave superconductors. The strain applied leads to a shift in the Dirac point without changing the pre-existing conducting states, on the surface of a topological insulator. Strain applied can be tuned to form a $\\pi$ junction in such a structure. Combining two such junctions in a ring architecture leads to the ground state of the ring being in doubly degenerate state- the "0" and "1" states of a qubit. A qubit designed this way is quite easily controlled via the tunable strain applied. We report on the conditions necessary to design such a qubit. Finally the operating time of a single qubit phase gate is derived.

Colin Benjamin

2015-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

373

Towards understanding junction degradation in cadmium telluride solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A degradation mechanism in cadmium telluride (CdTe/CdS) solar cells is investigated using time-dependent numerical modeling to simulate various temperature, bias, and illumination stress conditions. The physical mechanism is based on defect generation rates that are proportional to nonequilibrium charge carrier concentrations. It is found that a commonly observed degradation mode for CdTe/CdS solar cells can be reproduced only if defects are allowed to form in a narrow region of the absorber layer close to the CdTe/CdS junction. A key aspect of this junction degradation is that both mid-gap donor and shallow acceptor-type defects must be generated simultaneously in response to photo-excitation or applied bias. The numerical approach employed here can be extended to study other mechanisms for any photovoltaic technology.

Nardone, Marco, E-mail: marcon@bgsu.edu [Department of Environment and Sustainability, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio 43403 (United States)

2014-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

374

Transient Dynamics in Molecular Junctions: Coherent Bichromophoric Molecular Electron Pumps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The possibility of using single molecule junctions as electron pumps for energy conversion and storage is considered. It is argued that the small dimensions of these systems enable to make use of unique intra-molecular quantum coherences in order to pump electrons between two leads and to overcome relaxation processes which tend to suppress the pumping efficiency. In particular, we demonstrate that a selective transient excitation of one chromophore in a bi-chromophoric donor-bridge-acceptor molecular junction model yields currents which transfer charge (electron and holes) unevenly to the two leads in the absence of a bias potential. The utility of this mechanism for charge pumping in steady state conditions is proposed.

Roie Volkovich; Uri Peskin

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Josephson Junction Arrays with Bose-Einstein Condensates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the direct observation of an oscillating atomic current in a one-dimensional array of Josephson junctions realized with an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate. The array is created by a laser standing-wave, with the condensates trapped in the valleys of the periodic potential and weakly coupled by the inter-well barriers. The coherence of multiple tunneling between adjacent wells is continuously probed by atomic interference. The square of the small-amplitude oscillation frequency is proportional to the microscopic tunneling rate of each condensate through the barriers, and provides a direct measurement of the Josephson critical current as a function of the intermediate barrier heights. Our superfluid array may allow investigation of phenomena so far inaccessible to superconducting Josephson junctions and lays a bridge between the condensate dynamics and the physics of discrete nonlinear media.

F. S. Cataliotti; S. Burger; C. Fort; P. Maddaloni; F. Minardi; A. Trombettoni; A. Smerzi; M. Inguscio

2001-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

376

Chiral Edge Currents in a Holographic Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the Josephson effect and the appearance of dissipationless edge currents in a holographic Josephson junction configuration involving a chiral, time-reversal breaking, superconductor in 2+1 dimensions. Such a superconductor is expected to be topological, thereby supporting topologically protected gapless Majorana-Weyl edge modes. Such modes manifest themselves in chiral dissipationless edge currents, which we exhibit and investigate in the context of our construction. The physics of the Josephson current itself, though expected to be unconventional in some non-equilibrium settings, is shown to be conventional in our setup which takes place in thermal equilibrium. We comment on various ways in which the expected Majorana nature of the edge excitations, and relatedly the unconventional nature of topological Josephson junctions, can be verified in the holographic context.

Moshe Rozali; Alexandre Vincart-Emard

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

377

Resistance of Josephson Junction Arrays at Low Temperatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study motion of vortices in arrays of Josephson junctions at zero temperature where it is controlled by quantum tunneling from one plaquette to another. The tunneling process is characterized by a finite time and can be slow compared to the superconducting gap (so that $\\tau \\Delta >> 1$). The dissipation which accompanies this process arises from rare processes when a vortex excites a quasiparticle above the gap while tunneling through a single junction. We find that the dissipation is significant even in the case $\\tau \\Delta >> 1$, in particular it is not exponentially small in this parameter. We use the calculated energy dissipation for the single vortex jump to estimate the physical resistance of the whole array.

L. B. Ioffe; B. N. Narozhny

1998-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

378

Josephson Junctions and AdS/CFT Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a new holographic model of Josephson junctions (and networks thereof) based on designer multi-gravity, namely multi-(super)gravity theories on products of distinct asymptotically AdS spacetimes coupled by mixed boundary conditions. We present a simple model of a Josephson junction (JJ) that reproduces trivially the well-known current-phase sine relation of JJs. In one-dimensional chains of holographic superconductors we find that the Cooper-pair condensates are described by a discretized Schrodinger-type equation. Such non-integrable equations, which have been studied extensively in the past in condensed matter and optics applications, are known to exhibit complex behavior that includes periodic and quasiperiodic solutions, chaotic dynamics, soliton and kink solutions. In our setup these solutions translate to holographic configurations of strongly-coupled superconductors in networks with weak site-to-site interactions that exhibit interesting patterns of modulated superconductivity. In a continuum...

Kiritsis, Elias

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Topological p-n junctions in helical edge states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum spin Hall effect is endowed with topologically protected edge modes with gapless Dirac spectrum. Applying a magnetic field locally along the edge leads to a gapped edge spectrum with opposite parity for winding of spin texture for conduction and valence band. Using Pancharatnam's prescription for geometric phase it is shown that mismatch of this parity across a p-n junction, which could be engineered into the edge by electrical gate induced doping, leads to a phase dependence in the two-terminal conductance which is purely topological (0 or $\\pi$). This fact results in a ${\\mathbb{Z}}_2$ classification of such junctions with an associated duality. Current asymmetry measurements which are shown to be robust against electron-electron interactions are proposed to infer this topology.

Disha Wadhawan; Poonam Mehta; Sourin Das

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

380

Chiral Edge Currents in a Holographic Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the Josephson effect and the appearance of dissipationless edge currents in a holographic Josephson junction configuration involving a chiral, time-reversal breaking, superconductor in 2+1 dimensions. Such a superconductor is expected to be topological, thereby supporting topologically protected gapless Majorana-Weyl edge modes. Such modes manifest themselves in chiral dissipationless edge currents, which we exhibit and investigate in the context of our construction. The physics of the Josephson current itself, though expected to be unconventional in some non-equilibrium settings, is shown to be conventional in our setup which takes place in thermal equilibrium. We comment on various ways in which the expected Majorana nature of the edge excitations, and relatedly the unconventional nature of topological Josephson junctions, can be verified in the holographic context.

Rozali, Moshe

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kramer junction california" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Junction Transport in Epitaxial Film Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report our progress toward low-temperature HWCVD epitaxial film silicon solar cells on inexpensive seed layers, with a focus on the junction transport physics exhibited by our devices. Heterojunctions of i/p hydrogenated amorphous Si (a-Si) on our n-type epitaxial crystal Si on n++ Si wafers show space-charge-region recombination, tunneling or diffusive transport depending on both epitaxial Si quality and the applied forward voltage.

Young, D. L.; Li, J. V.; Teplin, C. W.; Stradins, P.; Branz, H. M.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

area california part: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: California Energy Commission GUIDELINES GUIDELINES FOR CALIFORNIA'S SOLAR ELECTRIC INCENTIVE, this document presents guidelines for solar energy system incentive...

383

Measuring Market Inefficiencies in California's Restructured Wholesale Electricity Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Behavior In Califor- nia's Wholesale Electricity Marketin deregu- lated wholesale electricity markets," RANDin California’s Restructured Wholesale Electricity Market

Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, Jim; Wolak, Frank A.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

United States Department of Energy, Grand Junction Office  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Grand Junction Office (GJO), US Department of Energy (DOE), develops and administers programs for evaluating domestic uranium resources and the production capability of industry; for developing resource planning information for DOE; and for advancing geologic and geophysical exploration concepts and techniques. In addition, GJO administers the leasing of mineral lands under DOE control, and carries out activities relating to the environmental aspects of uranium mining and milling, including remedial programs. The Office is staffed by administrative and technical program-management personnel. Bendix Field Engineering Corporation (Bendix) is the DOE operating contractor at the Grand Junction, Colorado, Government-owned/contractor-operated (GOCO) facility. The technical staffs of both GJO and Bendix are primarily geoscience-oriented. Specifically during 1980, uranium resource assessment on 135 National Topographic Map Series (NTMS) quadrangles was completed, along with other specific studies, to yield October 1980 national resource estimates. In addition, updated uranium supply analysis and production capability projections were completed. Another key aspect of this successful program was the development of improved geophysical and geochemical equipment and techniques in support of uranium resource assessment. Much of the hardware and know-how developed was turned over to the public and to the uranium industry at large for application to uranium exploration and the assessment of uranium company resources. The Grand Junction Office also participated actively during 1980 in international cooperative research on uranium exploration techniques and on the geology of uranium deposits.

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Emission of Microwave Photon Pairs by a Tunnel Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation and control of non-classical electromagnetic fields is of crucial importance for quantum information physics. While usual methods for the production of such fields rely on a non-linearity (of a crystal, a Josephson junction, etc.), a recent experiment performed on a normal conductor, a tunnel junction under microwave irradiation, has unveiled an alternative: the use of electron shot noise in a quantum conductor\\cite{PAN_squeezing}. Here we show that such a device can emit \\emph{pairs of microwave photons} of different frequencies with a rate as high as that of superconducting Josephson junctions\\cite{Flurin}. This results in intensity fluctuations of the photon field at two different frequencies being correlated below the photon shot noise,i.e. two-mode amplitude squeezing. Our experiment constitutes a fundamental step towards the understanding of electronic noise in terms of quantum optics, and shows that even a normal conductor could be used as a resource for quantum information processing.

Jean-Charles Forgues; Christian Lupien; Bertrand Reulet

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

386

STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Expansion of Volume Manufacturing Capacity for Electric Motorcycle Production in California · Tesla Motors

387

STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of major energy trends and issues facing California's electricity, natural gas, and transportation fuelSTATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY reliable, secure, and diverse energy supplies; enhance California's economy; and protect public health

388

STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G BROWN, JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G BROWN, JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) funding to California's transition to a clean energy economy. ARRA dedicated, and greenhouse gas emission reductions as well as the contribution to California's energy and environmental

389

Slide 1 of 19NCA -Agriculture with a California Focus Agriculture with a California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Slide 1 of 19NCA - Agriculture with a California Focus Agriculture with a California Focus (NCA 2013 #12;Slide 2 of 19NCA - Agriculture with a California Focus Authors of Chapter 6: Agriculture of Agriculture #12;Slide 3 of 19NCA - Agriculture with a California Focus Outline · 6 key messages (nationwide

Grotjahn, Richard

390

STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/strikeout. Background The NSHP is part of a comprehensive statewide solar program known as the California Solar scheduled Energy Commission Business Meeting. The minimum guidelines for implementing California's solarSTATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY

391

STATE OF CALIFORNIA THE RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN, JR. , Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

having been shown, the California Energy Commission hereby grants the request by AES Solar to terminateSTATE OF CALIFORNIA THE RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN, JR. , Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 NINTH STREET SACRAMENTO, CA 95814-5112 STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION

392

STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

uncertainties about the biological impacts of utility-scale solar energy development in California's desertsSTATE OF CALIFORNIA ­ NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY On January 19, 2010 the California Energy Commission (Energy Commission) released a competitive solicitation

393

STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Proposed Revisions to the New Solar Homes Partnership Guidebook The California Energy Commission will hold1 STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: www.energy.ca.gov In the matter

394

STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

known as the California Solar Initiative. The NSHP provides financial incentives to encourageSTATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: www.energy.ca.gov In the matter

395

STATEOF CALIFORNIA-THE RESOV.RCESAGENCY Arnold Schwanenegger. Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Michael Doughton, Senior Staff Counsel California Energy Commission 1516Ninth Street, Mail Station 24STATEOF CALIFORNIA-THE RESOV.RCESAGENCY Arnold Schwanenegger. Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516Ninth Sweet Sacramento, California 95814 WEBSITES Main website:w.energy.ca.gov Children

396

CALIFORNIA REPORTING, LLC 52 Longwood Drive, San Rafael, California 94901 (415) 457-4417  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Energy Jobs Act ) CALIFORNIA CLEAN ENERGY JOBS ACT: PROPOSITION 39 DRAFT GUIDELINES Peralta Community-4417 INDEX PAGE Summary of California Clean Energy Jobs Act 6 Elements of the Program 8 Overview of the DRAFT THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION (CEC) In the matter of ) ) Docket No. 13-CCEJA-1 Prop 39-California Clean

397

STATE OF CALIFORNIA -NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION DECISION for the SEGS VIII SOLAR FACILITY (88-AFC-1C) On June 11, 2013, Next, and standards (Title 20, California Code of Regulations, section 1769). Energy Commission staff is currentlySTATE OF CALIFORNIA - NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY

398

STATE OF CALIFORNIA --THE RESOURCES AGENCY Edmund G. Brown Jr., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, on paper, and orally at Energy Commission hearings. A. A Brief History of the Energy Commission's BuildingSTATE OF CALIFORNIA -- THE RESOURCES AGENCY Edmund G. Brown Jr., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: www.energy.ca.gov INITIAL STATEMENT

399

STATE OF CALIFORNIA --THE RESOURCES PROVIDER Edmund G. Brown Jr., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electronically, on paper, and orally at Energy Commission hearings. A. A Brief History of the Energy Commission1 STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- THE RESOURCES PROVIDER Edmund G. Brown Jr., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: www.energy.ca.gov INITIAL STATEMENT

400

STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, or unnecessary energy use by prescribing, by regulation, standards for minimum levels of operating efficiencySTATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION Rulemaking I. PURPOSE AND AUTHORITY OF THE PROCEEDING The California Energy Commission ("Commission") hereby

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kramer junction california" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

SCENARIO ANALYSES OF CALIFORNIA'S ELECTRICITY SYSTEM: PRELIMINARY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION SCENARIO ANALYSES OF CALIFORNIA'S ELECTRICITY SYSTEM: PRELIMINARY Bender Acting Deputy Director ELECTRICITY SUPPLY ANALYSIS DIVISION B. B. Blevins Executive Director.................................................................................................... 22 CHAPTER 3 - Natural Gas Market Clearing Price Implications of Reduced Consumption from the Power

402

STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENVELOPE INSULATION; ROOFING; FENESTRATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENVELOPE ­ INSULATION; ROOFING; FENESTRATION CEC-CF-6R-ENV-01 (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CF-6R-ENV-01 Envelope ­ Insulation; Roofing:__________________________________ Brand Name:_______________________________ Thickness (inches):_________________________ Thermal

403

Smog Check II Evaluation California Inspection and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Ambient Air Quality Standards NO Nitrogen Oxide NO2 Nitrogen Dioxide NOx Nitrogen Oxides RAP Assistance Program CHP California Highway Patrol CO Carbon Monoxide CO2 Carbon Dioxide DMV California

Denver, University of

404

SCENARIO ANALYSES OF CALIFORNIA'S ELECTRICITY SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

..................11 Table 2: Levelized System Costs ($2006/MWh) .................................................12CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION SCENARIO ANALYSES OF CALIFORNIA'S ELECTRICITY SYSTEM: PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR THE 2007 INTEGRATED ENERGY POLICY REPORT ADDENDUM STAFFDRAFTREPORT JULY 2007 CEC-200

405

CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS IN THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION'S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS IN THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION'S APPLIANCE REGULATIONS: A Summary Guide, Including Forms for Manufacturers, Trade Associations, and Other ...............................................................................................................1 III. Where to Find the Energy Commission Appliance Efficiency Regulations .....2 IV. Where to Get

406

Edmund G. Brown Jr. LIGHTING CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Area Lead PIER Buildings End-Use Energy Efficiency Virginia Lew Office Manager ENERGY IN RESIDENTIAL FANS PIERFINALPROJECTREPORT Prepared For: California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research Program Managed By: Architectural Energy Corporation Prepared By: California Lighting Technology

407

California's Energy Future - The View to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with grid power. Wind energy in areas of good wind resourceintensity of that energy. Thus, the area of the box is thearea of the red box represents 2050 target emissions. California’s Energy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

How to Deal with California's Budget Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to ?nish balancing this year’s budget and next year’s at theto Deal with California’s Budget Problem Tim Gage* The Bluefall precipitously. While the budget could have been better

Gage, Tim

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

California's Sad Budget Saga Has Many Authors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commentary California’s Sad Budget Saga Has Many AuthorsWhy can’t they solve the budget mess? If some of you oldtimers contributed to the budget crisis facing the state—and

Johnston, Patrick

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

California Small Hydropower and Ocean Wave Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Small Hydropower and Ocean Wave Energy Resources IN SUPPORT OF THE 2005 INTEGRATED....................................................................................................................... 9 Ocean Wave Energy................................................................. 21 #12;ii List of Tables Table 1 California Small Hydropower And Ocean Wave Energy Resources Table 2

411

Statistics of avalanches in the self-organized criticality state of a Josephson junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetic flux avalanches in Josephson junctions that include superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) tunnel junctions and are magnetized at temperatures lower than approximately 5 K have been studied in detail. Avalanches are of stochastic character and appear when the magnetic field penetration depth {lambda} into a junction becomes equal to the length a of the Josephson junction with a decrease in the temperature. The statistical properties of such avalanches are presented. The size distribution of the avalanches is a power law with a negative noninteger exponent about unity, indicating the self-organized criticality state. The self-organized criticality state is not observed in Josephson junctions with a superconductor-normal metal-superconductor (SNS) junction.

Matizen, E. V.; Martynets, V. G., E-mail: mart@niic.nsc.ru; Bezverkhii, P. P. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Division (Russian Federation)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

412

Self-consistent solution for proximity effect and Josephson current in ballistic graphene SNS Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use a tight-binding Bogoliubov-de Gennes (BdG) formalism to self-consistently calculate the proximity effect, Josephson current, and local density of states in ballistic graphene SNS Josephson junctions. Both short and long junctions, with respect to the superconducting coherence length, are considered, as well as different doping levels of the graphene. We show that self-consistency does not notably change the current-phase relationship derived earlier for short junctions using the non-selfconsistent Dirac-BdG formalism but predict a significantly increased critical current with a stronger junction length dependence. In addition, we show that in junctions with no Fermi level mismatch between the N and S regions superconductivity persists even in the longest junctions we can investigate, indicating a diverging Ginzburg-Landau superconducting coherence length in the normal region.

Black-Schaffer, Annica M.

2010-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

413

ANALYSIS OF THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY INDUSTRY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Energy Supply Model Operation Resource Requirements Dimensions of Housing Types , Annual Incremental Energy and Capacity Savings from Passive Solar

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

On the Harmonic approximation for large Josephson junction coupling charge qubits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We revisit the harmonic approximation (HA) for a large Josephson junction interacting with some charge qubits through the variational approach for the quantum dynamics of the junction-qubit coupling system. By making use of numerical calculation and analytical treatment, the conditions under which HA works well can be precisely presented to control the parameters implementing the two-qubit quantum logical gate through the couplings to the large junction with harmonic oscillator (HO) Hamiltonian.

T. Shi; B. Chen; Z. Song; C. P. Sun

2004-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

415

Characteristics of high-transmission-probability tunnel junctions for use as particle detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interest in the problem of the galactic dark matter has stimulated development of particle detectors sensitive to very low energies. Superconducting tunnel junctions may be useful in such detectors. We describe here superconducting tunnel junctions with thin barriers which may be suitable for this purpose. We present I-V characteristics and data on the temperature dependence of the subgap tunneling current. We also present some scanning-electron-microscope observations of the thin films of the tunnel junctions.

Stricker, D.A.; Alba, G.P.; Anderson, C.C.; Bing, D.D.; Bland, R.W.; Dickson, S.C.; Dignan, T.G.; Gagnon, P.; Johnson, R.T.; Seneclauze, C.M.

1988-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

416

Characteristics of high-transmission-probability tunnel junctions for use as particle detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interest in the problem of the galactic dark matter has stimulated development of particle detectors sensitive to very low energies. Superconducting tunnel junctions may be useful in such detectors. We describe here superconducting tunnel junctions with thin barriers which may be suitable for this purpose. We present I-V characteristics and data on the temperature dependence of the subgap tunneling current. We also present some scanning-electron-microscope observations of the thin films of the tunnel junctions.

Stricker, D.A.; Alba, G.P.; Anderson, C.C.; Bing, D.D.; Bland, R.W.; Dickson, S.C.; Dignan, T.G.; Gagnon, P.; Johnson, R.T.; Seneclauze, C.M.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Characteristics of high-transmission-probability tunnel junctions for use as particle detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interest in the problem of the galactic dark matter has stimulated development of particle detectors sensitive to very low energies. Superconducting tunnel junctions may be useful in such detectors. The authors describe superconducting tunnel junctions with thin barriers which may be suitable for this purpose. They present I-V characteristics and data on the temperature dependence of the subgap tunneling current. They also present some scanning-electron-microscope observations of the thin films of the tunnel junctions.

Stricker, D.A.; Alba, G.P.; Anderson, C.C.; Bing, D.D.; Bland, R.W.; Dickson, S.C.; Dignan, T.G.; Gagnon, P.; Johnson, R.T.; Seneclauze, C.M.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Regulation of Hydraulic Fracturing in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APRIL 2013 Regulation of Hydraulic Fracturing in California: A WAsteWAteR And WAteR QuAlity Pe | Regulation of Hydraulic Fracturing in California Wheeler Institute for Water Law & Policy Center for Law #12;Regulation of Hydraulic Fracturing in California | 3Berkeley law | wheeler InstItute for water law

Kammen, Daniel M.

419

California Energy Commission STAFF UPDATE REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with California energy policy goals, called the planning renewable net short throughout this document California Energy Commission STAFF UPDATE REPORT NEW RENEWABLE GENERATION NEEDED TO COMPLY WITH POLICY GOALS: UPDATE FOR 2022 PLANNING CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Edmund G. Brown Jr., Governor

420

OIL & GAS HISTORY 1 History in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OIL & GAS HISTORY 1 History in California 4 Superior figures refer to references at the end of the essay. OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION California oil was always a valued commodity. When the Spanish explorers landed in California in the 1500s, they found Indians gathering asphaltum (very thick oil) from natural

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

California Renewable Energy Center Integrated Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in which different renewable resources are co-located. How best to take advantage of this opportunityCalifornia Renewable Energy Center Integrated Assessment of Renewable Energy Technology Options #12;California Renewable Energy Center California has a long history of aggressively pursuing renewable energy

California at Davis, University of

422

Statistical Review of California's Organic Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistical Review of California's Organic Agriculture 2005 ­ 2009 Karen Klonsky Kurt Richter Agricultural Issues Center University of California March 2011 #12;Statistical Review of California's Organic Agriculture 2005 ­ 2009 Karen Klonsky Extension Specialist Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

Ferrara, Katherine W.

423

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ SCIENCE COMMUNICATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ SCIENCE COMMUNICATION The internationally recognized Science Communication Program at the University of California, Santa Cruz, invites applications for an on-going pool Communication Program University of California 1156 High Street Please refer to provision T03-16 in your reply

California at Santa Cruz, University of

424

University of California San Francisco Foundation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of California San Francisco Foundation Annual Financial Report June 30, 2008 and 2007 C:\\Temp-delete\\June-30-2008.doc 9/8/2008 4:59:20 PM Version 5 #12;University of California San Francisco Foundation Index University of California San Francisco Foundation In our opinion, the accompanying statements of net assets

Yamamoto, Keith

425

University of California San Francisco Foundation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of California San Francisco Foundation Financial Statements June 30, 2012 and 2011 #12;University of California San Francisco Foundation Index June 30, 2012 and 2011 Page(s) Report of Independent University of California San Francisco Foundation In our opinion, the accompanying statements of net position

Yamamoto, Keith

426

University of California San Francisco Foundation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of California San Francisco Foundation Annual Financial Report June 30, 2009 and 2008 #12;University of California San Francisco Foundation Index June 30, 2009 and 2008 Page(s) Report University of California San Francisco Foundation In our opinion, the accompanying statements of net assets

Yamamoto, Keith

427

University of California San Francisco Foundation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of California San Francisco Foundation Financial Statements June 30, 2011 and 2010 #12;University of California San Francisco Foundation Index June 30, 2011 and 2010 Page(s) Report of Independent .............................................................................................................. 10­23 #12;#12;University of California San Francisco Foundation Management's Discussion and Analysis

Yamamoto, Keith

428

STATE OF CALIFORNIA BUILDING ENVELOPE SEALING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATE OF CALIFORNIA BUILDING ENVELOPE SEALING CEC-CF-6R-ENV-20-HERS(Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CF-6R-ENV-20-HERS Building Envelope Sealing (Page 1 of 4) Site, and lineset. Supply and return plenums #12;STATE OF CALIFORNIA BUILDING ENVELOPE SEALING CEC-CF-6R-ENV-20-HERS

429

THE STATE OF DEMAND RESPONSE IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE STATE OF DEMAND RESPONSE IN CALIFORNIA Prepared For: California Energy in this report. #12; ABSTRACT By reducing system loads during criticalpeak times, demand response (DR) can.S. and internationally and lay out ideas that could help move California forward. KEY WORDS demand response, peak

430

California Energy Commission DRAFT STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Energy Commission DRAFT STAFF REPORT ACHIEVING ENERGY SAVINGS IN CALIFORNIA BUILDINGS of the California Energy Commission prepared this report. As such, it does not necessarily represent the views in this report. #12;i ABSTRACT Energy efficiency (as opposed to energy conservation) refers to providing the same

431

California's Energy Recovery and Reinvestment Act  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency measures - $25 million · Green Job Workforce - $20 millionGreen Job Workforce $20 million · EnergyCalifornia's Energy Recovery and Reinvestment Act P I iti tiProgram Initiatives November 18, 2009 Director Economic Stimulus Program California Energy CommissionCalifornia Energy Commission #12

432

FIRE AND CLIMATE CHANGE IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FIRE AND CLIMATE CHANGE IN CALIFORNIA Changes in the Distribution and Frequency of Fire's California Climate Change Center JULY 2012 CEC5002012026 Prepared for: California Energy Commission to climate change has the potential to induce alteration of future fire activity. This research presents just

433

California energy flow in 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy consumption in California fell in 1991 for the first time in five years. The State`s economy was especially hard hit by a continuing national recession. The construction industry for the second year experienced a dramatic downturn. Energy use in the industrial sector showed a modest increase, but consumption in other end-use categories declined. The decrease in energy used in transportation can be traced to a substantial fall in the sales of both highway diesel fuels and vessel bunkering fuels at California ports, the latter reflecting a mid-year increase in taxes. Gasoline sales by contrast increased as did the number of miles traveled and the number of automobiles in the State. Production in California`s oil and gas fields was at 1990 levels thus arresting a steady decline in output. Due to enlarged steam flooding operations, production at several fields reached record levels. Also countering the decline in many of California fields was new production from the Port Arguello offshore field. California natural gas production, despite a modest 1991 increase, will not fill the use within the State. Petroleum comprised more than half of the State`s energy supply principally for transportation. Natural gas use showed a small increase. Oil products play virtually no role in electrical production. The largest single source of electricity to the State is imports from the Pacific Northwest and from coal-fired plants in the Southwest. Combined contributions to transmitted electricity from renewable and alternate sources declined as hydropower was constrained by a prolonged drought and as geothermal power from the largest and oldest field at The Geysers fell. Windpower grew slightly; however solar power remained at 1990 levels and made no substantial contribution to total power generation.

Borg, I.Y.; Briggs, C.K.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

E-Print Network 3.0 - arsenic ultrashallow junctions Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

High-Sensitivity Si-based VUV Photodiodes Summary: . Keywords- Vacuum Ultra-Violet; photodiode; ultrashallow junctions; series resistance; responsivity; time... to the device...

435

Comment on "Analysis of quantum coherent semiconductor quantum dot p-i-n junction photovoltaic cells"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a comment on PRL paper by A.P. Kirk "Analysis of quantum coherent semiconductor quantum dot p-i-n junction photovoltaic cells"

Scully, Marlan O

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Estimating commuter rail demand to Kendall Square along the Grand Junction Corridor .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Since acquiring the Grand Junction Railroad in June 2010 from CSX, the Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority (MBTA) has explored the possibility of using the line… (more)

Dohm, James

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Mean-field dynamics of a Bose Josephson junction in an optical cavity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the mean-field dynamics of a Bose Josephson junction which is dispersively coupled to a single mode of a high-finesse optical cavity. An effective classical Hamiltonian for the Bose Josephson junction is derived and its dynamics is studied in the perspective of phase portrait. It is shown that the strong condensate-field coupling does alter the dynamics of the Bose Josephson junction drastically. The possibility of coherent manipulating and \\textsl{in situ} observation of the dynamics of the Bose Josephson junction is discussed.

J. M. Zhang; W. M. Liu; D. L. Zhou

2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

438

E-Print Network 3.0 - adherens junction homeostasis Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

results for: adherens junction homeostasis Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Molecular Biology of the Cell Vol. 12, 34653475, November 2001 Summary: and Is Required for Adherens...

439

E-Print Network 3.0 - adherens junction protein Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search results for: adherens junction protein Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Molecular Biology of the Cell Vol. 12, 34653475, November 2001 Summary: barrier and prevent the...

440

E-Print Network 3.0 - adherens junction type Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search results for: adherens junction type Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Molecular Biology of the Cell Vol. 12, 34653475, November 2001 Summary: of hypodermal and intestinal...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kramer junction california" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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441

E-Print Network 3.0 - annular josephson junctions Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

<< < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 41 Collective Josephson vortex dynamics in a finite number of stacked intrinsic Josephson junctions Myung-Ho Bae,1, Summary: Collective Josephson vortex...

442

Enhancement of tunnel magnetoresistance in magnetic tunnel junction by a superlattice barrier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tunnel magnetoresistance of magnetic tunnel junction improved by a superlattice barrier composed of alternate layers of a nonmagnetic metal and an insulator is proposed. The forbidden band of the superlattice is used to predict the low transmission range in the superlattice barrier. By forbidding electron transport in the anti-parallel configuration, the tunnel magnetoresistance is enhanced in the superlattice junction. The results show that the tunnel magnetoresistance ratio for a superlattice magnetic tunnel junction is greater than that for traditional single or double barrier junctions.

Chen, C. H.; Hsueh, W. J., E-mail: hsuehwj@ntu.edu.tw [Nanomagnetism Group, Department of Engineering Science and Ocean Engineering, National Taiwan University, 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10660, Taiwan (China)

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

443

E-Print Network 3.0 - atomic gold junction Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, VOL. 13, NO. 2, JUNE 2003 Novel In-Situ Fabricated Josephson Junctions Summary: the insulator and gold contacts are added. (d) Schematics...

444

Rethinking Downstream Regulation: California's Opportunity to Engage Households in Reducing Greenhouse Gases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D. , et al. , Rethinking downstream regulation: California’sD. , et al. , Rethinking downstream regulation: California’slocate/enpol Rethinking downstream regulation: California’s

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Investigating Middle School Determinants of High School Achievement and Graduation in Three California School Districts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

School Graduation Rate. California Dropout Research ProjectGraduation in California. California Dropout Research Project.Graduation Rates? Report of the California Dropout Research Project.

Kurlaender, Michal; Jackson, Jacob

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

The Economic Value of PV and Net Metering to Residential Customers in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

incentives under the California Solar Initiative takeRates Undermine California’s Solar Photovoltaic Subsidies? ”Solar PV and Retail Rate Design”, Unpublished draft report for the California

Darghouth, Naim

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this provision on the California solar market, however,reasons. First, California’s solar market is the largest inapplied to solar installations in California. We recommend

Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

The planar X-junction flow: stability analysis and control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and ? is the kinematic viscosity. The velocity ratio is defined as Vr = U2 U1 , (2.2) where U2 is the maximum inflow velocity of the side channels. In this paper, we study the stability of the X-junction flow in the Reynolds number regime 60 waves, and the lift-up effect. To determine the instability mechanism in our flow, we note that the present instability is stationary, the mode shape streamwise elon- gated, and the streamwise velocity component order of magnitude larger than...

Lashgari, Iman; Tammisola, Outi; Citro, Vincenzo; Juniper, Matthew P.; Brandt, Luca

2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

449

Replica Theory and Large D Josephson Junction Hypercubic Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the statistical mechanics of a $D$-dimensional array of Josephson junctions in presence of a magnetic field on a lattice of side $2$. In the high temperature region the thermodynamical properties can be computed in the limit $D \\to \\infty$. A conjectural form of the thermodynamic properties in the low temperature phase is obtained by assuming that they are the same of an appropriate spin glass system, based on quenched disordered couplings. Numerical simulations show that this conjecture is very accurate in one regime of the magnetic field, while it is probably slightly inaccurate in a second regime.

Enzo Marinari; Giorgio Parisi; Felix Ritort

1995-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

450

Dynamics of Josephson junction systems in the computational subspace  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The quantum dynamics of the Josephson junction system in the computational subspace is investigated. A scheme for the controlled not operation is given for two capasitively coupled SQUIDs. In this system, there is no systematic error for the two qubit operation. For the inductively coupled SQUIDs, the effective Hamiltonian causes systematic errors in the computational subspace for the two qubit operation. Using the purterbation theory, we construct a more precise effective Hamiltonian. This new effective Hamiltonian reduces the systematic error to the level much lower than the threshold of the fault resilent quantum computation.

Wang Xiang-Bin; Matsumoto Keiji; Fan Heng; Y. Nakamura

2001-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

451

Nanopillar Spin Filter Tunnel Junctions with Manganite Barriers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

promising FI tunnel barrier material for SFTJ. In this work, we investigate the spin filtering properties of Sm0.75Sr0.25MnO3 (SSMO) manganite ultrathin films in LNO/SSMO/LNO tunnel junctions. SSMO films were grown by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) onto Sr... -plane rotation vis-ŕ-vis the substrate, i.e. the alignment of [110] of orthorhombic SSMO with the [100] of the underlying cubic SrTiO3 (STO) substrate. Film thickness was calculated from both X-ray reflectivity (not shown) and diffraction fringes around the (004...

Prasad, Bhagwati; Egilmez, Mehmet; Schoofs, Frank; Fix, Thomas; Vickers, Mary E; Zhang, Wenrui; Jian, Jie; Wang, Haiyan; Blamire, Mark G

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

452

Electron transport in normal-metal/superconductor junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 1. Conductance G as a function of the voltage V for an NS (d-wave! junction with $100% interface at T50 and t0 /t50.5. The present calculation ~solid line! is compared with the BTK result ~dashed line!. PRB 61ZHAO, AND CHIA-REN HU FIG. 2.... The same as Fig. 1 but at t0 /t51. dominant contribution to the conductance in the BTK theory. Under the present assumption, however, the transport is due to the decay of quasiparticles in both sides. Such a decaying process is more complex than the BTK...

Yan, XZ; Zhao, HW; Hu, Chia-Ren.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Anomalous Finite-Size Effect in Superconducting Josephson Junction Arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that a previously reported discrepancy between simulations of superconducting Josephson junction arrays and the theoretical analysis of Ambegaokar, Halperin, Nelson, and Siggia (AHNS) [Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 783 (1978)] is rooted in a peculiar finite-size effect under periodic boundary conditions. Our simulation results for the largest array support the power-law I-V curves predicted by AHNS. Analysis of the vortex dynamics reveals two intrinsic length scales set by the applied current, which define three size regimes with distinctive I-V characteristics.

Chen, Qing-Hu; Tang, Lei-Han; Tong, Peiqing

2001-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

454

Transitions in two sinusoidally coupled Josephson junction rotators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the dynamics of two sinusoidally coupled Josephson junction rotators to provide a clear knowledge of the behaviors in different regions of the parameter space. The dynamical states are identified, and the transitions among these states are studied. The properties of the current-voltage curves are investigated. Further more, we observed the chaotic states in some regions of parameter space. We conjecture it may caused by the competition of two periodic potentials: one is the external field, another is the interacting of two particles.

Qian Min [School of Mathematical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Wang Jiazeng [Department of Mathematics, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444 (China)], E-mail: wangjiazen@yahoo.com.cn

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

455

Coherent Oscillations in an Exciton-Polariton Josephson Junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the observation of spontaneous coherent oscillations in a microcavity polariton bosonic Josephson junction. Condensation of exciton polaritons here takes place under incoherent excitation in a double potential well naturally formed in the disorder. Coherent oscillations set on at an excitation power well above the condensation threshold. The time resolved population and phase dynamics reveal the analogy with the ac Josephson effect. A theoretical two-mode model describes the observed effects, explaining how the different realizations of the pulsed experiment can be in phase.

Lagoudakis, K. G.; Pietka, B.; Deveaud-Pledran, B. [ICMP, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Wouters, M. [ITP, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Andre, R. [Institut Neel, CNRS, Grenoble (France)

2010-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

456

Tunneling qubit operation on a protected Josephson junction array  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a complete quantum computation process on a topologically protected Josephson junction array system, originally proposed by Ioffe and Feigel'man [Phys. Rev. B 66, 224503 (2002)]. Logical qubits for computation are encoded in the punctured array. The number of qubits is determined by the number of holes. The topological degeneracy is lightly shifted by tuning the flux along specific paths. We show how to perform both single-qubit and basic quantum-gate operations in this system, especially the controlled-NOT (CNOT) gate.

Yin Zhi; Li Shengwen; Chen Yixin [Zhejiang Insitute of Modern Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

Resonantly phase-matched Josephson junction traveling wave parametric amplifier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a technique to overcome phase-mismatch in Josephson-junction traveling wave parametric amplifiers in order to achieve high gain over a broad bandwidth. Using "resonant phase matching," we design a compact superconducting device consisting of a transmission line with subwavelength resonant inclusions that simultaneously achieves a gain of 20 dB, an instantaneous bandwidth of 3 GHz, and a saturation power of -98 dBm. Such an amplifier is well-suited to cryogenic broadband microwave measurements such as the multiplexed readout of quantum coherent circuits based on superconducting, semiconducting, or nano-mechanical elements as well as traditional astronomical detectors.

Kevin O'Brien; Chris Macklin; Irfan Siddiqi; Xiang Zhang

2014-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

458

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Grand Junction Sites  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou are here Home »HillNYEraGeneralGrand Junction Sites

459

California Energy Resources Conservation and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is granted to reproduce reports. #12;CALIFORNIA STATE AUDITOR B u r e a u o f S t a t e A u d i t s Program (Energy Program). On February 17, 2009, the federal government enacted the Recovery Act; and stabilizing state and local government budgets. The state law authorizing the Energy Commission to administer

460

Hugh Rudnick California Crisis Influences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is hydro, with combined cycle natural gas plants growing at a rapid pace. All country deregulation models in 1994, and the Central American countries in 1997. Brazil also joined the group, and Venezuela, MexicoHugh Rudnick California Crisis Influences Further Reforms in Latin America The electric energy

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad CatĂłlica de Chile)

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461

California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Infrastructure: Electric, Natural Gas, Propane, E85, and Diesel Substitutes Terminals was posted on April 27 Program Under Solicitation PON11602 ­ Alternative Fuels Infrastructure: Electric, Natural Gas, Propane, E85, and Diesel Substitutes Terminals MARCH 2013 CEC6002012004AD3 #12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY

462

California Energy Commission PROPOSED REGULATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the amount of electricity generated from eligible renewable energy sources3 that is procured for California to electrical generating facilities or power plants that utilize qualifying renewable energy resources, to generate electricity. (Pub. Util. Code, § 399.12, subd. (e); Pub. Res. Code, § 25741, subd. (a).) #12

463

Thisbriefwasfundedbyagrantfrom TheCaliforniaEndowment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CoverageGaps: TheImpactofNationalHealth CareReform POLICYBRIEF NOVEMBER 2009 ADVANCING NATIONAL HEALTH REFORM Reform #12;INTRODUCTION t is easy to lose sight of the human face of health care reform--the millions, Economic & Family Security|Addressing California's Health Coverage Gaps: The Impact of National Health Care

Kammen, Daniel M.

464

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Building Survey Information Database of Buildings over 100 Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems research project, one of six research elements in the Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design of Small Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated

465

NAVAL POSTGRADUAm SCHOOL Monterey, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NAVAL POSTGRADUAm SCHOOL Monterey, California A WHOLESALE LEVEL CONSUMABLE ITEM DEMAND PATI TYPE AND DATES COVERED Master's Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE A WHOLESALE LEVEL CONSUMABLE DEMAND is unlimited. A Wholesale Level Consumable Item Inventory Model for Non-Stationary Demand Patterns Glenn C

466

California Energy Commission Apply Today!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Flyer Public Programs Office (916) 654-4147 pubprog@energy.state.ca.us June 2006 #12;DON'T MISS electricity usage by about 30 percent. Electricity Savings: 2,262,207 kWh Demand Savings: 575 kW EnergyCalifornia Energy Commission Apply Today! "The college is using cutting edge on- site generation

467

California Energy Commission PROPOSED REGULATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resources will reduce the amount of electricity generated and procured from nonrenewable energy sources renewable energy sources that is procured for California retail customers. An eligible renewable energy renewable energy resources, such as wind, solar, biomass, landfill gas, digester gas, geothermal, or small

468

CALIFORNIA ENERGY PETROLEUM FUELSPETROLEUM FUELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION PETROLEUM FUELSPETROLEUM FUELS SET-ASIDE PROGRAMSET-ASIDE PROGRAM for administering the Petroleum Fuels Set-Aside Program (Fuels Set-Aside Program). During a proclaimed state of emergency, intrastate petroleum and petroleum product stocks that are essential to life, property

469

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Ceiling Insulation Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;#12;ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The products and outcomes presented in this report are part of the Integrated Design of Commercial Integrated Energy Systems: Productivity and Building Science Program (Program) as part of the PIER Program Fair Oaks, California Managed By: New Buildings Institute Cathy Higgins, Program Director White Salmon

470

California Hydrogen Infrastructure Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. has completed a comprehensive, multiyear project to demonstrate a hydrogen infrastructure in California. The specific primary objective of the project was to demonstrate a model of a ���¢��������real-world���¢������� retail hydrogen infrastructure and acquire sufficient data within the project to assess the feasibility of achieving the nation���¢��������s hydrogen infrastructure goals. The project helped to advance hydrogen station technology, including the vehicle-to-station fueling interface, through consumer experiences and feedback. By encompassing a variety of fuel cell vehicles, customer profiles and fueling experiences, this project was able to obtain a complete portrait of real market needs. The project also opened its stations to other qualified vehicle providers at the appropriate time to promote widespread use and gain even broader public understanding of a hydrogen infrastructure. The project engaged major energy companies to provide a fueling experience similar to traditional gasoline station sites to foster public acceptance of hydrogen. Work over the course of the project was focused in multiple areas. With respect to the equipment needed, technical design specifications (including both safety and operational considerations) were written, reviewed, and finalized. After finalizing individual equipment designs, complete station designs were started including process flow diagrams and systems safety reviews. Material quotes were obtained, and in some cases, depending on the project status and the lead time, equipment was placed on order and fabrication began. Consideration was given for expected vehicle usage and station capacity, standard features needed, and the ability to upgrade the station at a later date. In parallel with work on the equipment, discussions were started with various vehicle manufacturers to identify vehicle demand (short- and long-term needs). Discussions included identifying potential areas most suited for hydrogen fueling stations with a focus on safe, convenient, fast-fills. These potential areas were then compared to and overlaid with suitable sites from various energy companies and other potential station operators. Work continues to match vehicle needs with suitable fueling station locations. Once a specific site was identified, the necessary agreements could be completed with the station operator and expected station users. Detailed work could then begin on the site drawings, permits, safety procedures and training needs. Permanent stations were successfully installed in Irvine (delivered liquid hydrogen), Torrance (delivered pipeline hydrogen) and Fountain Valley (renewable hydrogen from anaerobic digester gas). Mobile fueling stations were also deployed to meet short-term fueling needs in Long Beach and Placerville. Once these stations were brought online, infrastructure data was collected and reported to DOE using Air Products���¢�������� Enterprise Remote Access Monitoring system. Feedback from station operators was incorporated to improve the station user���¢��������s fueling experience.

Edward C. Heydorn

2013-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

471

Inverted GaInP/(In)GaAs/InGaAs Triple-Junction Solar Cells with Low-Stress Metamorphic Bottom Junctions: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate high efficiency performance in two ultra-thin, Ge-free III-V semiconductor triple-junction solar cell device designs grown in an inverted configuration. Low-stress metamorphic junctions were engineered to achieve excellent photovoltaic performance with less than 3 x 106 cm-2 threading dislocations. The first design with band gaps of 1.83/1.40/1.00 eV, containing a single metamorphic junction, achieved 33.8% and 39.2% efficiencies under the standard one-sun global spectrum and concentrated direct spectrum at 131 suns, respectively. The second design with band gaps of 1.83/1.34/0.89 eV, containing two metamorphic junctions achieved 33.2% and 40.1% efficiencies under the standard one-sun global spectrum and concentrated direct spectrum at 143 suns, respectively.

Geisz, J. F.; Kurtz, S. R.; Wanlass, M. W.; Ward, J. S.; Duda, A.; Friedman, D. J.; Olson, J. M.; McMahon, W. E.; Moriarty, T. E.; Kiehl, J. T.; Romero, M. J.; Norman, A. G.; Jones, K. M.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Gallium phosphide high-temperature bipolar junction transistor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Preliminary results are reported on the development of a high-temperature (> 350/sup 0/C) gallium phosphide bipolar junction transistor (BJT) for goethermal and other energy applications. This four-layer p/sup +/n/sup -/pp/sup +/ structure was fromed by liquid phase epitaxy using a supercooling technique to insure uniform nucleation of the thin layers. Magnesium was used as the p-type dopant to avoid excessive out-diffusion into the lightly doped base. By appropriate choice of electrodes, the device may also be driven as an n-channel junction field-effect transistor. The gallium phosphide BJT is observed to have a common-emitter current gain peaking in the range of 6 to 10 (for temperatures from 20/sup 0/C to 400/sup 0/C) and a room-temperature, punchthrough-limited, collector-emitter breakdown voltage of approximately -6V. Other parameters of interest include an f/sub/ = 400 KHz (at 20/sup 0/C) and a collector base leakage current = 200 ..mu..A (at 350/sup 0/C).

Zipperian, T.E.; Dawson, L.R.; Caffin, R.J.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Josephson Junctions and AdS/CFT Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a new holographic model of Josephson junctions (and networks thereof) based on designer multi-gravity, namely multi-(super)gravity theories on products of distinct asymptotically AdS spacetimes coupled by mixed boundary conditions. We present a simple model of a Josephson junction (JJ) that exhibits the well-known current-phase sine relation of JJs. In one-dimensional chains of holographic superconductors we find that the Cooper-pair condensates are described by a discretized Schrodinger-type equation. Such non-integrable equations, which have been studied extensively in the past in condensed matter and optics applications, are known to exhibit complex behavior that includes periodic and quasiperiodic solutions, chaotic dynamics, soliton and kink solutions. In our setup these solutions translate to holographic configurations of strongly-coupled superconductors in networks with weak site-to-site interactions that exhibit interesting patterns of modulated superconductivity. In a continuum limit our equations reduce to generalizations of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. We comment on the many possible extensions and applications of this new approach.

Elias Kiritsis; Vasilis Niarchos

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

474

Diffusion current in a system of coupled Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The role of a diffusion current in the phase dynamics of a system of coupled Josephson junctions (JJs) has been analyzed. It is shown that, by studying the temporal dependences of the superconducting, quasi-particle, diffusion, and displacement currents and the dependences of average values of these currents on the total current, it is possible to explain the main features of the current-voltage characteristic (CVC) of the system. The effect of a diffusion current on the character of CVC branching in the vicinity of a critical current and in the region of hysteresis, as well as on the part of CVC branch corresponding to a parametric resonance in the system is demonstrated. A clear interpretation of the differences in the character of CVC branching in a model of capacitively coupled JJs (CCJJ model) and a model of capacitive coupling with diffusion current (CCJJ+DC model) is proposed. It is shown that a decrease in the diffusion current in a JJ leads to the switching of this junction to an oscillating state. The results of model calculations are qualitatively consistent with the experimental data.

Shukrinov, Yu. M., E-mail: shukrinv@theor.jinr.ru; Rahmonov, I. R. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

On the Chaotic Flux Dynamics in a Long Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flux dynamics in an annular long Josephson junction is studied. Three main topics are covered. The first is chaotic flux dynamics and its prediction via Melnikov integrals. It turns out that DC current bias cannot induce chaotic flux dynamics, while AC current bias can. The existence of a common root to the Melnikov integrals is a necessary condition for the existence of chaotic flux dynamics. The second topic is on the components of the global attractor and the bifurcation in the perturbation parameter measuring the strength of loss, bias and irregularity of the junction. The global attractor can contain co-existing local attractors e.g. a local chaotic attractor and a local regular attractor. In the infinite dimensional phase space setting, the bifurcation is very complicated. Chaotic attractors can appear and disappear in a random fashion. Three types of attractors (chaos, breather, spatially uniform and temporally periodic attractor) are identified. The third topic is ratchet effect. Ratchet effect can be achieved by a current bias field which corresponds to an asymmetric potential, in which case the flux dynamics is ever lasting chaotic. When the current bias field corresponds to a symmetric potential, the flux dynamics is often transiently chaotic, in which case the ratchet effect disappears after sufficiently long time.

Z. C. Feng; Y. Charles Li

2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

476

STATE OF CALIFORNIA --CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are discussed below. Prior to the expenditure of EECBG Program fund, the Energy Commission and applicants must CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, CA 95814-5512 WEBSITES Main website: www.energy.ca.gov Data and statistics: www.energyalmanac.ca.gov Children's website: www.energyquest.ca.gov Consumer

477

A new junction termination technique: the Deep Trench Termination (DT2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new junction termination technique: the Deep Trench Termination (DT2 ) L. Théolier1,2 , H. Mahfoz. In this work, a new concept of low cost, low surface and high efficiency junction termination for power devices is presented and experimentally validated. This termination is based on a large and deep trench filled by BCB

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

478

Low temperature junction growth using hot-wire chemical vapor deposition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and a process for forming a semi-conductor device, and solar cells (10) formed thereby. The process includes preparing a substrate (12) for deposition of a junction layer (14); forming the junction layer (14) on the substrate (12) using hot wire chemical vapor deposition; and, finishing the semi-conductor device.

Wang, Qi; Page, Matthew; Iwaniczko, Eugene; Wang, Tihu; Yan, Yanfa

2014-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

479

NREL scientists develop near-field optical microscopy techniques for imaging solar cell junctions and identify  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Characterization team examined local junction breakdown in silicon and thin-film solar cells by electroluminescenceNREL scientists develop near-field optical microscopy techniques for imaging solar cell junctions is an increasingly important issue for silicon solar cells. The issue has taken center stage now that the solar

480

TM-mode coupling to a Josephson junction S. J. Lewandowski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

215 TM-mode coupling to a Josephson junction S. J. Lewandowski Instytut Fizyki PAN, 02-668 Warszawa-mode near cut-off are demonstrated to improve Josephson junction coupling to the waveguide. Revue Phys. Appl Sciences and available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/rphysap:01985002003021500 #12;216 Fig. 1. - Josephson

Boyer, Edmond

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481

Nonlinear Phase Dynamics in a Driven Bosonic Josephson Junction Erez Boukobza,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonlinear Phase Dynamics in a Driven Bosonic Josephson Junction Erez Boukobza,1 Michael G. Moore,2. The experimental realization of dilute-gas Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) Josephson junctions [2­ 5] has led], in a double-BEC system in Ref. [13], and in a one-dimensional spinor BEC in Ref. [14]. The bosonic Josephson

Vardi, Amichay

482

A Hamilton-Jacobi approach to junction problems and application to traffic flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Hamilton-Jacobi approach to junction problems and application to traffic flows C. Imbert , R of a model case of first order Hamilton-Jacobi equations posed on a "junction", that is to say the union of such problems. Keywords: Hamilton-Jacobi equations, discontinuous Hamiltonians, viscosity solutions, optimal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

483

Phonon Bottleneck in Graphene-Based Josephson Junctions at Millikelvin Temperatures I. V. Borzenets,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phonon Bottleneck in Graphene-Based Josephson Junctions at Millikelvin Temperatures I. V. Borzenets and superconducting branches in superconductor-graphene-superconductor Josephson junctions. We attribute thermalization by phonons at low temperatures (T & 1 K). The relationship between the applied power

Finkelstein, Gleb

484

Photovoltaic nanopillar radial junction diode architecture enhanced by integrating semiconductor quantum dot nanocrystals as light harvesters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photovoltaic nanopillar radial junction diode architecture enhanced by integrating semiconductor hybridized, radial p-n junction based, nanopillar solar cells with photovoltaic performance enhanced. By furnishing Si based nanopillar photovoltaic diodes with CdSe quantum dots, we experimentally showed up

Demir, Hilmi Volkan

485

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2013 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), Calif  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2013 © Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

486

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2010 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2010 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

487

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2012 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Califo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2012 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

488

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2012 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2012 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

489

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2011 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Califo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2011 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

490

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2011 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2011 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

491

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2012 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Cal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2012 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

492

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2011 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Cal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2011 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

493

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator February 2014 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), Calif  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator February 2014 © Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

494

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2014 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), Califor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2014 © Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

de Lijser, Peter

495

Josephson junction of non-Abelian superconductors and non-Abelian Josephson vortices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Josephson junction is made of two superconductors sandwiching an insulator, and a Josephson vortex is a magnetic vortex absorbed into the Josephson junction, whose dynamics can be described by the sine-Gordon equation. In a field theory framework, a flexible Josephson junction was proposed, in which the Josephson junction is represented by a domain wall separating two condensations and a Josephson vortex is a sine-Gordon soliton in the domain wall effective theory. In this paper, we propose a Josephson junction of non-Abelian color superconductors, that is described by a non-Abelian domain wall, and show that a non-Abelian vortex (color magnetic flux tube) absorbed into it is a non-Abelian Josephson vortex represented as a non-Abelian sine-Gordon soliton in the domain wall effective theory.

Muneto Nitta

2015-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

496

Josephson junction of non-Abelian superconductors and non-Abelian Josephson vortices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Josephson junction is made of two superconductors sandwiching an insulator, and a Josephson vortex is a magnetic vortex absorbed into the Josephson junction, whose dynamics can be described by the sine-Gordon equation. In a field theory framework, a flexible Josephson junction was proposed, in which the Josephson junction is represented by a domain wall separating two condensations and a Josephson vortex is a sine-Gordon soliton in the domain wall effective theory. In this paper, we propose a Josephson junction of non-Abelian color superconductors, that is described by a non-Abelian domain wall, and show that a non-Abelian vortex (color magnetic flux tube) absorbed into it is a non-Abelian Josephson vortex represented as a non-Abelian sine-Gordon soliton in the domain wall effective theory.

Nitta, Muneto

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Imaging the p-n junction in a gallium nitride nanowire with a scanning microwave microscope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We used a broadband, atomic-force-microscope-based, scanning microwave microscope (SMM) to probe the axial dependence of the charge depletion in a p-n junction within a gallium nitride nanowire (NW). SMM enables the visualization of the p-n junction location without the need to make patterned electrical contacts to the NW. Spatially resolved measurements of S{sub 11}{sup ?}, which is the derivative of the RF reflection coefficient S{sub 11} with respect to voltage, varied strongly when probing axially along the NW and across the p-n junction. The axial variation in S{sub 11}{sup ?}? effectively mapped the asymmetric depletion arising from the doping concentrations on either side of the junction. Furthermore, variation of the probe tip voltage altered the apparent extent of features associated with the p-n junction in S{sub 11}{sup ?} images.

Imtiaz, Atif [Physical Measurement Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States); Department of Electrical, Computer, and Energy Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Wallis, Thomas M.; Brubaker, Matt D.; Blanchard, Paul T.; Bertness, Kris A.; Sanford, Norman A.; Kabos, Pavel, E-mail: kabos@boulder.nist.gov [Physical Measurement Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States); Weber, Joel C. [Physical Measurement Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States); Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Coakley, Kevin J. [Information Technology Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States)

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

498

Overdamped Nb/Al-AlO{sub x}/Nb Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the fabrication and characterization of overdamped Nb/Al-AlO{sub x}/Nb superconductor-insulator-superconductor Josephson junction whose fabrication process derives from that of the well-known hysteretic junctions. These junctions are an intermediate state between the superconductor-normal metal-superconductor and the superconductor-insulator-superconductor Josephson junctions. Stable and reproducible nonhysteretic current-voltage characteristics are obtained with a proper choice of the fabrication parameters. We have measured critical current densities J{sub C} from 10{sup 3} up to 2x10{sup 4} A/cm{sup 2}, with characteristic voltages from 80 to nearly 450 {mu}V. The junctions are stable against time and repeated thermal cycling.

Lacquaniti, V.; Cagliero, C.; Maggi, S.; Steni, R. [Thin Films Department, IEN 'G. Ferraris', Strada delle Cacce 91, I-10135, Torino (Italy)

2005-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

499

Model for a Josephson junction array coupled to a resonant cavity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a simple Hamiltonian for an underdamped Josephson array coupled to a single photon mode in a resonant cavity. Using a Hartree-like mean-field theory, we show that, for any given strength of coupling between the photon field and the Josephson junctions, there is a transition from incoherence to coherence as a function of N, the number of Josephson junctions in the array. Above that value of N, the energy in the photon field is proportional to N{sup 2}, suggestive of coherent emission. These features remain even when the junction parameters have some random variation from junction to junction, as expected in a real array. Both of these features agree with recent experiments by Barbara and co-workers. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.

Harbaugh, J. Kent [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, 174 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, 174 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Stroud, D. [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, 174 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, 174 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Magneto-electric coupling in a two-dimensional ballistic Josephson junction with in-plane magnetic texture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magneto-electric coupling in a two-dimensional ballistic Josephson junction with in-plane magnetic, Germany (Dated: August 20, 2014) We study a Josephson junction made with a spin-textured bridge, when both-dimensional ballistic Josephson junction close to the critical temperature of the heterostructure, when an anomalous

Boyer, Edmond