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Sample records for kramer junction california

  1. Dispersion mechanisms of a tidal river junction in the Sacramento–San Joaquin Delta, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gleichauf, Karla T.; Wolfram, Philip J.; Monsen, Nancy E.; Fringer, Oliver B.; Monismith, Stephen G.

    2014-12-17

    In branching channel networks, such as in the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta, junction flow dynamics contribute to dispersion of ecologically important entities such as fish, pollutants, nutrients, salt, sediment, and phytoplankton. Flow transport through a junction largely arises from velocity phasing in the form of divergent flow between junction channels for a portion of the tidal cycle. Field observations in the Georgiana Slough junction, which is composed of the North and South Mokelumne rivers, Georgiana Slough, and the Mokelumne River, show that flow phasing differences between these rivers arise from operational, riverine, and tidal forcing. A combination of Acoustic Doppler Current Profile (ADCP) boat transecting and moored ADCPs over a spring–neap tidal cycle (May to June 2012) monitored the variability of spatial and temporal velocity, respectively. Two complementary drifter studies enabled assessment of local transport through the junction to identify small-scale intrajunction dynamics. We supplemented field results with numerical simulations using the SUNTANS model to demonstrate the importance of phasing offsets for junction transport and dispersion. Different phasing of inflows to the junction resulted in scalar patchiness that is characteristic of MacVean and Stacey’s (2011) advective tidal trapping. Furthermore, we observed small-scale junction flow features including a recirculation zone and shear layer, which play an important role in intra-junction mixing over time scales shorter than the tidal cycle (i.e., super-tidal time scales). Thus, the study period spanned open- and closed-gate operations at the Delta Cross Channel. Synthesis of field observations and modeling efforts suggest that management operations related to the Delta Cross Channel can strongly affect transport in the Delta by modifying the relative contributions of tidal and riverine flows, thereby changing the junction flow phasing.

  2. Dispersion mechanisms of a tidal river junction in the Sacramento–San Joaquin Delta, California

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gleichauf, Karla T.; Wolfram, Philip J.; Monsen, Nancy E.; Fringer, Oliver B.; Monismith, Stephen G.

    2014-12-17

    In branching channel networks, such as in the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta, junction flow dynamics contribute to dispersion of ecologically important entities such as fish, pollutants, nutrients, salt, sediment, and phytoplankton. Flow transport through a junction largely arises from velocity phasing in the form of divergent flow between junction channels for a portion of the tidal cycle. Field observations in the Georgiana Slough junction, which is composed of the North and South Mokelumne rivers, Georgiana Slough, and the Mokelumne River, show that flow phasing differences between these rivers arise from operational, riverine, and tidal forcing. A combination of Acoustic Dopplermore »Current Profile (ADCP) boat transecting and moored ADCPs over a spring–neap tidal cycle (May to June 2012) monitored the variability of spatial and temporal velocity, respectively. Two complementary drifter studies enabled assessment of local transport through the junction to identify small-scale intrajunction dynamics. We supplemented field results with numerical simulations using the SUNTANS model to demonstrate the importance of phasing offsets for junction transport and dispersion. Different phasing of inflows to the junction resulted in scalar patchiness that is characteristic of MacVean and Stacey’s (2011) advective tidal trapping. Furthermore, we observed small-scale junction flow features including a recirculation zone and shear layer, which play an important role in intra-junction mixing over time scales shorter than the tidal cycle (i.e., super-tidal time scales). Thus, the study period spanned open- and closed-gate operations at the Delta Cross Channel. Synthesis of field observations and modeling efforts suggest that management operations related to the Delta Cross Channel can strongly affect transport in the Delta by modifying the relative contributions of tidal and riverine flows, thereby changing the junction flow phasing.« less

  3. Dispersion Mechanisms of a Tidal River Junction in the Sacramento–San Joaquin Delta, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleichauf, Karla T.; Wolfram, Phillip J.; Monsen, Nancy E.; Fringer, Oliver B.; Monismith, Stephen G.

    2014-01-01

    a Tidal River Junction in the Sacramento–San Joaquin Delta,networks, such as in the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta,transport and fate in the Sacramento–San Joaquin delta using

  4. Colloidal quantum dot solar cells on curved and flexible substrates Illan J. Kramer, Gabriel Moreno-Bautista, James C. Minor, Damir Kopilovic, and Edward H. Sargent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sargent, Edward H. "Ted"

    .1063/1.4810176 Impact of CdSe/ZnS quantum dot spectrum converters on InGaP/GaAs/Ge multi-junction solar cells J. VacColloidal quantum dot solar cells on curved and flexible substrates Illan J. Kramer, Gabriel Moreno Articles you may be interested in Efficient, air-stable colloidal quantum dot solar cells encapsulated

  5. Junction adhesion molecule expression influences hematopoietic and endothelial commitment of murine embryonic stem cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stankovich, Basha Lorraine

    2009-01-01

    OF CALIFORNIA, MERCED Junction Adhesion Molecule Expressionstem cells. Junction adhesion molecules influence cell fateBirchmeier W. Balancing cell adhesion and Wnt signaling, the

  6. David Kramer | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent Bonding Low-Cost2 DOE HQSiteoC.Publications Contact Us RingKramer

  7. Nanotube junctions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Crespi, Vincent Henry; Cohen, Marvin Lou; Louie, Steven Gwon; Zettl, Alexander Karlwalte

    2004-12-28

    The present invention comprises a new nanoscale metal-semiconductor, semiconductor-semiconductor, or metal-metal junction, designed by introducing topological or chemical defects in the atomic structure of the nanotube. Nanotubes comprising adjacent sections having differing electrical properties are described. These nanotubes can be constructed from combinations of carbon, boron, nitrogen and other elements. The nanotube can be designed having different indices on either side of a junction point in a continuous tube so that the electrical properties on either side of the junction vary in a useful fashion. For example, the inventive nanotube may be electrically conducting on one side of a junction and semiconducting on the other side. An example of a semiconductor-metal junction is a Schottky barrier. Alternatively, the nanotube may exhibit different semiconductor properties on either side of the junction. Nanotubes containing heterojunctions, Schottky barriers, and metal-metal junctions are useful for microcircuitry.

  8. Nanotube junctions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Crespi, Vincent Henry (Darien, IL); Cohen, Marvin Lou (Berkeley, CA); Louie, Steven Gwon Sheng (Berkeley, CA); Zettl, Alexander Karlwalter (Kensington, CA)

    2003-01-01

    The present invention comprises a new nanoscale metal-semiconductor, semiconductor-semiconductor, or metal-metal junction, designed by introducing topological or chemical defects in the atomic structure of the nanotube. Nanotubes comprising adjacent sections having differing electrical properties are described. These nanotubes can be constructed from combinations of carbon, boron, nitrogen and other elements. The nanotube can be designed having different indices on either side of a junction point in a continuous tube so that the electrical properties on either side of the junction vary in a useful fashion. For example, the inventive nanotube may be electrically conducting on one side of a junction and semiconducting on the other side. An example of a semiconductor-metal junction is a Schottky barrier. Alternatively, the nanotube may exhibit different semiconductor properties on either side of the junction. Nanotubes containing heterojunctions, Schottky barriers, and metal-metal junctions are useful for microcircuitry.

  9. Universal transport signatures of Majorana fermions in superconductor-Luttinger liquid junctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Universal transport signatures of Majorana fermions in superconductor-Luttinger liquid junctions, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 3 Institute of Quantum Information, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 4 Department of Physics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA

  10. Josephson junction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wendt, J.R.; Plut, T.A.; Martens, J.S.

    1995-05-02

    A novel method for fabricating nanometer geometry electronic devices is described. Such Josephson junctions can be accurately and reproducibly manufactured employing photolithographic and direct write electron beam lithography techniques in combination with aqueous etchants. In particular, a method is described for manufacturing planar Josephson junctions from high temperature superconducting material. 10 figs.

  11. Cost increases at fusion project going critical David Kramer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be used to upgrade biofuels to higher energy content or to reduce CO2 Cost increases at fusion project going critical David Kramer Citation: Phys. Today 66(7), 24 (2013 Physics Today www.physicstoday.org issues and events H ow much will it cost to build what could well

  12. GALLIUM--2001 29.1 By Deborah A. Kramer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GALLIUM--2001 29.1 GALLIUM By Deborah A. Kramer Domestic survey data and tables were prepared, a significant consumer of gallium arsenide (GaAs)-based devices. As the gallium demand declined during 2001 capacity expansions, very few additional expansions were announced in 2001. Because gallium nitride (Ga

  13. Software Engineering: A Roadmap Anthony Finkelstein Jeff Kramer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finkelstein, Anthony

    Software Engineering: A Roadmap Anthony Finkelstein Jeff Kramer Department of Computer Science@doc.ic.ac.uk ABSTRACT This paper provides a roadmap for software engineering. It identifies the principal research specialisations within software engineering. The paper draws heavily on the roadmaps covering specific areas

  14. Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s Editor: Bill Kramer (wtkramer@lbl.gov)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

    LBNL-59999 Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s Editor: Bill Kramer (wtkramer Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s 1 Software Roadmap to Plug and Play Petaflop/s In the next

  15. Gaseous 3,4-Pyridyne and the Formation of Diazabiphenylene Jerry Kramer and R. Stephen Berry*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, R. Stephen

    8336 Gaseous 3,4-Pyridyne and the Formation of Diazabiphenylene Jerry Kramer and R. Stephen Berry, Illinois 60637. Received March 15, 1972 Abstract: Flash photolysis of pyridine-3-diazonium-4 The analogous reaction of 3,4-pyridyne leads to the formation of 2,6- and/or 2,7-diazabiphenylene, one member

  16. Kramers' formula for chemical reactions in the context of Wasserstein gradient flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Herrmann; Barbara Niethammer

    2010-11-05

    We derive Kramers' formula as singular limit of the Fokker-Planck equation with double-well potential. The convergence proof is based on the Rayleigh principle of the underlying Wasserstein gradient structure and complements a recent result by Peletier, Savar\\'e and Veneroni.

  17. Persistence of zero velocity fronts in reaction diffusion systems Lorenz Kramer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gottwald, Georg A.

    Persistence of zero velocity fronts in reaction diffusion systems Lorenz Kramer Physikalisches; accepted for publication 15 June 2000 Steady, nonpropagating, fronts in reaction diffusion systems usually velocity may become zero only at isolated values where the Maxwell condition is satisfied, for potential

  18. KRAMER AND SARGENT VOL. 5 ' NO. 11 ' 85068514 ' 2011 www.acsnano.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sargent, Edward H. "Ted"

    weight and low materials and fabrication costs featured in third-generation photovoltaic technologies American Chemical Society Colloidal Quantum Dot Photovoltaics: A Path Forward Illan J. Kramer and Edward H, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G4, Canada F irst- and second-generation photovol- taics (PV)1 are composed of well

  19. NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL Monterey, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    authors (Kramer, 1994; Smith, 1995; and Brown, 1999)" Examples for two authors: "...Smith and White (1999

  20. Three-junction solar cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ludowise, Michael J. (Cupertino, CA)

    1986-01-01

    A photovoltaic solar cell is formed in a monolithic semiconductor. The cell contains three junctions. In sequence from the light-entering face, the junctions have a high, a medium, and a low energy gap. The lower junctions are connected in series by one or more metallic members connecting the top of the lower junction through apertures to the bottom of the middle junction. The upper junction is connected in voltage opposition to the lower and middle junctions by second metallic electrodes deposited in holes 60 through the upper junction. The second electrodes are connected to an external terminal.

  1. California’s Energy Future: Transportation Energy Use in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M; Hwang, Roland; Sperling, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Evidence California’s Energy Future - Transportation Energymarine. California’s Energy Future - Transportation EnergyCCST 2011a. California’s Energy Future - The View to 2050,

  2. California’s Energy Future: Transportation Energy Use in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Christopher

    2011-01-01

    of meeting California’s transportation energy needs andEvidence California’s Energy Future - Transportation Energymarine. California’s Energy Future - Transportation Energy

  3. Oligocene-Miocene Sedimentary and Volcanic Strata of the Vincent Gap Region, Eastern San Gabriel Mountains, Southern California, USA, and Their Tectonic Significance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffey, Kevin Thomas

    2015-01-01

    of the Pacific floor offshore of peninsular California, intriple junction (MTJ), presently offshore of Cape Mendocino,NE-SW seismic lines just offshore north of Oceanside, Crouch

  4. Kramers turnover in class of thermodynamically open systems: Effect of interplay of nonlinearity and noises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shit, Anindita; Banik, Suman Kumar; Chaudhuri, Jyotipratim Ray

    2015-01-01

    A system-reservoir nonlinear coupling model has been proposed for a situation where the reservoir is nonlinearly driven by an external Gaussian stationary noise which exposes the system particles to a nonequilibrium environment. Apart from the internal thermal noise, the thermodynamically open system encounters two other noises that are multiplicative in nature. Langevin equation derived from the resulting composite system contains the essential features of the interplay between these noise processes. Based on the numerical simulation of the full model potential, we show that one can recover the turnover features of the Kramers dynamics even when the reservoir is modulated nonlinearly by an external noise.

  5. About the inconsistency between Bohr-Wheelers transition-state method and Kramers' escape rate in nuclear fission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. -H. Schmidt

    2008-10-30

    The problem of an apparent inconsistency between the fission rates derived on the basis of Bohr-Wheeler's transition-state method and Kramers' dynamical model of nuclear fission, first pointed out by Strutinsky in 1973, is revisited. The study is based on studying the features of individual trajectories on the fission path.

  6. In Press. To appear in A. Kramer, D. Wiegmann, & A. Kirlik (Eds.) Attention: From Theory to Practice. New York: Oxford.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In Press. To appear in A. Kramer, D. Wiegmann, & A. Kirlik (Eds.) Attention: From Theory forgot to set the hydraulic pumps to the high position, which was part of the normal procedure of these accidents, but a central aspect of each accident was the failure of the crew #12;In Press. To appear in A

  7. The Architecture of Colloidal Quantum Dot Solar Cells: Materials to Illan J. Kramer and Edward H. Sargent*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sargent, Edward H. "Ted"

    builds upon the improvements of each previous generation, thus representing a "family tree" of solar cellThe Architecture of Colloidal Quantum Dot Solar Cells: Materials to Devices Illan J. Kramer. Measuring and Modeling CQD Solar Cells 863 2.1. Solar Cell Characterization Considerations 864 2.2. Drift

  8. California's Housing Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroll, Cynthia; Singa, Krute

    2008-01-01

    only improve California’s housing opportunities but produce2004: California’s Affordable Housing Crisis. 2004. http://Raising the Roof: California Housing Development Projections

  9. Pump-probe model for the Kramers-Kronig relations in a laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honam Yum; Selim M. Shahriar

    2010-03-18

    In this paper, we study theoretically a pump-probe model for the Kramers-Kronig (KK) relations during laser operation. A laser gain medium at steady state becomes saturated and the lasing field experiences a flat gain equal to the cavity loss. A solution of the laser equations reveals that the lasing frequency experiences a dispersion that is linear over the allowed bandwidth. However, outside this band, the lasing stops, so that the dispersion is that of the unsaturated gain medium. The combined profile is therefore non-analytical, and cannot be explained in terms of the KK relations. In order to interpret this situation, it is important to consider carefully the physical basis of the KK relations and its connection to causality. We conclude that the KK relation is expected to apply only to an independent probe applied to the medium, which is under excitation by the pump producing the gain as well as the lasing mode. The absorption/gain and dispersion profiles are then analytical, and satisfy the KK-relations. Specifically, these are variants of the so-called Mollow-Ezekiel spectra of probe absorption/gain and dispersion in the presence of a pump, with the exception that in this case the medium is inverted.

  10. California’s Energy Future: Transportation Energy Use in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M; Hwang, Roland; Sperling, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    truck activity in California. Transport Policy. Volume 16,in California Travel Demand Reductions Decreasing transportCalifornia, USA. Transportation Research, Part D: Transport

  11. Josephson junction Q-spoiler

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Clarke, J.; Hilbert, C.; Hahn, E.L.; Sleator, T.

    1986-03-25

    An automatic Q-spoiler comprising at least one Josephson tunnel junction connected in an LC circuit for flow of resonant current therethrough. When in use in a system for detecting the magnetic resonance of a gyromagnetic particle system, a high energy pulse of high frequency energy irradiating the particle system will cause the critical current through the Josephson tunnel junctions to be exceeded, causing the tunnel junctions to act as resistors and thereby damp the ringing of the high-Q detection circuit after the pulse. When the current has damped to below the critical current, the Josephson tunnel junctions revert to their zero-resistance state, restoring the Q of the detection circuit and enabling the low energy magnetic resonance signals to be detected.

  12. Josephson junction Q-spoiler

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Clarke, John (Berkeley, CA); Hilbert, Claude (Austin, TX); Hahn, Erwin L. (Berkeley, CA); Sleator, Tycho (Berkeley, CA)

    1988-01-01

    An automatic Q-spoiler comprising at least one Josephson tunnel junction connected in an LC circuit for flow of resonant current therethrough. When in use in a system for detecting the magnetic resonance of a gyromagnetic particle system, a high energy pulse of high frequency energy irradiating the particle system will cause the critical current through the Josephson tunnel junctions to be exceeded, causing the tunnel junctions to act as resistors and thereby damp the ringing of the high-Q detection circuit after the pulse. When the current has damped to below the critical current, the Josephson tunnel junctions revert to their zero-resistance state, restoring the Q of the detection circuit and enabling the low energy magnetic resonance signals to be detected.

  13. CALIFORNIA ENERGY CALIFORNIA'S STATE ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CALIFORNIA'S STATE ENERGY EFFICIENT APPLIANCE REBATE PROGRAM INITIAL November 2009 CEC-400-2009-026-CMD Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor #12;#12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Program Manager Paula David Supervisor Appliance and Process Energy Office Valerie T. Hall Deputy Director

  14. California’s Energy Future: Transportation Energy Use in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M; Hwang, Roland; Sperling, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Energy Use in California PEV Technology and Costs The mainEnergy Use in California Component HEV Battery Cost, $/kWhaccount the cost of delivery. California’s Energy Future -

  15. California’s Energy Future: Transportation Energy Use in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Christopher

    2011-01-01

    Deputy Project Director, Energy and Environmental Security,Security Principal Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Lab California’s Energy

  16. Coso Junction, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company)| Open(Evans,Oregon:Volcano,Corson County,CorumPowertech

  17. -California -Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with Hawaii-based U.S. fisheries, as well as the fleets of other Pacific Rim nations. As such, the managementPacific - California - Oregon - Washington #12;Regional Summary Pacific Region Management Context The Pacific Region includes California, Oregon, and Washington. Federal fisheries in this region are managed

  18. California's Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    SB 375 and California's Environmental Goals Louise Bedsworth Deputy Director Governor's Office of Planning and Research January 22, 2014 UC Davis Policy Forum Series #12;A vision for California's future Strong economy Thriving urban areas Prosperous rural regions Clean Environment Clean and efficient energy

  19. The Junction Diode Basic Operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leach Jr.,W. Marshall

    biased diode. Figure 1(b) shows the diode with a battery connected across it. The polarity of the battery in the p-type side away from the junction. No current can flow. The diode is said to be reverse biased. Figure 1(c) shows the diode with the battery polarity reversed. The battery now tends to cancel out

  20. California’s Energy Future: Transportation Energy Use in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M; Hwang, Roland; Sperling, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    economy from today’s levels, cutting energy consumption pertoday, though they will likely continue to improve and be refined over time. California’s Energy

  1. California’s Energy Future: Transportation Energy Use in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Christopher

    2011-01-01

    aviation, marine and rail sectors. Energy use, broken out bysuch as aviation and marine. California’s Energy Future -and marine. We believe that the CEF transportation energy

  2. String Junctions and Holographic Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Chiodaroli; Michael Gutperle; Ling-Yan Hung; Darya Krym

    2010-11-22

    In this paper we study half-BPS type IIB supergravity solutions with multiple $AdS_3\\times S^3\\times M_4$ asymptotic regions, where $M_4$ is either $T^4$ or $K_3$. These solutions were first constructed in [1] and have geometries given by the warped product of $AdS_2 \\times S^2 \\times M_4 $ over $\\Sigma$, where $\\Sigma$ is a Riemann surface. We show that the holographic boundary has the structure of a star graph, i.e. $n$ half-lines joined at a point. The attractor mechanism and the relation of the solutions to junctions of self-dual strings in six-dimensional supergravity are discussed. The solutions of [1] are constructed introducing two meromorphic and two harmonic functions defined on $\\Sigma$. We focus our analysis on solutions corresponding to junctions of three different conformal field theories and show that the conditions for having a solution charged only under Ramond-Ramond three-form fields reduce to relations involving the positions of the poles and the residues of the relevant harmonic and meromorphic functions. The degeneration limit in which some of the poles collide is analyzed in detail. Finally, we calculate the holographic boundary entropy for a junction of three CFTs and obtain a simple expression in terms of poles and residues.

  3. “The Making of” California’s Energy Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whittington, Jan

    2002-01-01

    2000. California’s Energy Crisis, Whittington Vogel, Nancy (23 2001. California’s Energy Crisis, Whittington Girion,of” California’s Energy Crisis Jan Whittington Abstract This

  4. CaliforniaFIRST (California) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Photovoltaics Solar Water Heat Program Info State California Program Type PACE Financing The CaliforniaFIRST Program is a Property Assessed Clean...

  5. California’s Energy Future: Transportation Energy Use in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M; Hwang, Roland; Sperling, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Policy, University of California, Berkeley (on leave) and Chief Technical Specialist for Renewable Energy

  6. Method for shallow junction formation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weiner, K.H.

    1996-10-29

    A doping sequence is disclosed that reduces the cost and complexity of forming source/drain regions in complementary metal oxide silicon (CMOS) integrated circuit technologies. The process combines the use of patterned excimer laser annealing, dopant-saturated spin-on glass, silicide contact structures and interference effects creates by thin dielectric layers to produce source and drain junctions that are ultrashallow in depth but exhibit low sheet and contact resistance. The process utilizes no photolithography and can be achieved without the use of expensive vacuum equipment. The process margins are wide, and yield loss due to contact of the ultrashallow dopants is eliminated. 8 figs.

  7. CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION California Energy Commission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , CALIFORNIA CENTER FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, CALIFORNIA ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE ALLIANCE, CALIFORNIA SOLAR ENERGY., LOCAL ENERGY AGGREGATION NETWORK, DR. LUIS PACHECO, PRESENTE.ORG, SIERRA CLUB, SOLAR ENERGY INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION, AND THE VOTE SOLAR INITIATIVE FOR SOCIETAL COST-BENEFIT EVALUATION OF CALIFORNIA'S NET ENERGY

  8. Solar Junction Develops World Record Setting Concentrated Photovoltaic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Solar Junction Develops World Record Setting Concentrated Photovoltaic Solar Cell Solar Junction Develops World Record Setting Concentrated Photovoltaic Solar Cell April 18, 2013 -...

  9. Grand Junction Office Founder Honored at the Philip C. Leahy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Grand Junction Office Founder Honored at the Philip C. Leahy Memorial Park Dedication and Open House Grand Junction Office Founder Honored at the Philip C. Leahy Memorial Park...

  10. arXiv:0708.0892v2[cond-mat.mes-hall]11Aug2007 Nonlinear screening and ballistic transport in a graphene p-n junction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fogler, Michael

    research and a promising source of new technology [1]. A monolayer graphene is a gapless two-dimensional (2D) semiconductor whose quasiparti- cles (electrons and holes) move with a constant speed of v 106 m in a graphene p-n junction L. M. Zhang and M. M. Fogler Department of Physics, University of California San

  11. California: California’s Clean Energy Resources and Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-03-15

    This document highlights the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's investments and impacts in the state of California.

  12. CALIFORNIA INVESTMENT PLAN FOR THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . California Air Resources Board California Energy Commission Gerhard Achtelik Mike Smith Independent Oil Marketers Association Gerald Secundy, California Council for Environmental and Economic and Anthony Brunello, California Resources Agency Rick Shedd, California Department of General Services John

  13. Microwave Photon Counter Based on Josephson Junctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. -F. Chen; D. Hover; S. Sendelbach; L. Maurer; S. T. Merkel; E. J. Pritchett; F. K. Wilhelm; R. McDermott

    2011-11-07

    We describe a microwave photon counter based on the current-biased Josephson junction. The junction is tuned to absorb single microwave photons from the incident field, after which it tunnels into a classically observable voltage state. Using two such detectors, we have performed a microwave version of the Hanbury Brown and Twiss experiment at 4 GHz and demonstrated a clear signature of photon bunching for a thermal source. The design is readily scalable to tens of parallelized junctions, a configuration that would allow number-resolved counting of microwave photons.

  14. Thermoelectric efficiency of critical quantum junctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mihail Mintchev; Luca Santoni; Paul Sorba

    2013-10-30

    We derive the efficiency at maximal power of a scale-invariant (critical) quantum junction in exact form. Both Fermi and Bose statistics are considered. We show that time-reversal invariance is spontaneously broken. For fermions we implement a new mechanism for efficiency enhancement above the Curzon-Ahlborn bound, based on a shift of the particle energy in each heat reservoir, proportional to its temperature. In this setting fermionic junctions can even reach at maximal power the Carnot efficiency. The bosonic junctions at maximal power turn out to be less efficient then the fermionic ones.

  15. Tunnel junction multiple wavelength light-emitting diodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olson, Jerry M. (Lakewood, CO); Kurtz, Sarah R. (Golden, CO)

    1992-01-01

    A multiple wavelength LED having a monolithic cascade cell structure comprising at least two p-n junctions, wherein each of said at least two p-n junctions have substantially different band gaps, and electrical connector means by which said at least two p-n junctions may be collectively energized; and wherein said diode comprises a tunnel junction or interconnect.

  16. Tunnel junction multiple wavelength light-emitting diodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olson, J.M.; Kurtz, S.R.

    1992-11-24

    A multiple wavelength LED having a monolithic cascade cell structure comprising at least two p-n junctions, wherein each of said at least two p-n junctions have substantially different band gaps, and electrical connector means by which said at least two p-n junctions may be collectively energized; and wherein said diode comprises a tunnel junction or interconnect. 5 figs.

  17. California's electricity crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    2001-01-01

    The collapse of California's electricity restructuring and competition program has attracted attention around the world. Prices in California's competitive wholesale electricity market increased by 500% between the second ...

  18. Semiconductor tunnel junction with enhancement layer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Klem, John F. (Sandia Park, NM); Zolper, John C. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1997-01-01

    The incorporation of a pseudomorphic GaAsSb layer in a runnel diode structure affords a new degree of freedom in designing runnel junctions for p-n junction device interconnects. Previously only doping levels could be varied to control the tunneling properties. This invention uses the valence band alignment band of the GaAsSb with respect to the surrounding materials to greatly relax the doping requirements for tunneling.

  19. Semiconductor tunnel junction with enhancement layer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Klem, J.F.; Zolper, J.C.

    1997-10-21

    The incorporation of a pseudomorphic GaAsSb layer in a runnel diode structure affords a new degree of freedom in designing runnel junctions for p-n junction device interconnects. Previously only doping levels could be varied to control the tunneling properties. This invention uses the valence band alignment band of the GaAsSb with respect to the surrounding materials to greatly relax the doping requirements for tunneling. 5 figs.

  20. Multi-junction solar cell device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Friedman, Daniel J. (Lakewood, CO); Geisz, John F. (Wheat Ridge, CO)

    2007-12-18

    A multi-junction solar cell device (10) is provided. The multi-junction solar cell device (10) comprises either two or three active solar cells connected in series in a monolithic structure. The multi-junction device (10) comprises a bottom active cell (20) having a single-crystal silicon substrate base and an emitter layer (23). The multi-junction device (10) further comprises one or two subsequent active cells each having a base layer (32) and an emitter layer (23) with interconnecting tunnel junctions between each active cell. At least one layer that forms each of the top and middle active cells is composed of a single-crystal III-V semiconductor alloy that is substantially lattice-matched to the silicon substrate (22). The polarity of the active p-n junction cells is either p-on-n or n-on-p. The present invention further includes a method for substantially lattice matching single-crystal III-V semiconductor layers with the silicon substrate (22) by including boron and/or nitrogen in the chemical structure of these layers.

  1. UCDavis University of California A California Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Francisco 20% have a garage · About 50% of USA, California new car buyers have a stable parking spot 25 feetUCDavis University of California A California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research · Fleet Operation · Energy Savings Battery studies · Benchmark Testing · 2nd use · End of life Spatial

  2. California's Water Energy Relationship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION California's Water ­ Energy Relationship Prepared in Support The California's Water-Energy Relationship report is the product of contributions by many California Energy, Lorraine White and Zhiqin Zhang. Staff would also like to thank the members of the Water-Energy Working

  3. NUCLEAR POWER in CALIFORNIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NUCLEAR POWER in CALIFORNIA: 2007 STATUS REPORT CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION October 2007 CEC-100 public workshops on nuclear power. The Integrated Energy Policy Report Committee, led by Commissioners, California Contract No. 700-05-002 Prepared For: California Energy Commission Barbara Byron, Senior Nuclear

  4. “The Making of” California’s Energy Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whittington, Jan

    2002-01-01

    much individual California power plants increased earningspower plants were popular developments in California, butno new power plants had been constructed in California over

  5. Aerial photographic interpretation of lineaments and faults in late cenozoic deposits in the Eastern part of the Benton Range 1:100,000 quadrangle and the Goldfield, Last Chance Range, Beatty, and Death Valley Junction 1:100,000 quadrangles, Nevada and California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reheis, M.C.; Noller, J.S.

    1991-09-01

    Lineaments and faults in Quaternary and late Tertiary deposits in the southern part of the Walker Lane are potentially active and form patterns that are anomalous with respect to the typical fault patterns in most of the Great Basin. Little work has been done to identify and characterize these faults, with the exception of those in the Death Valley-Furnace Creek (DVFCFZ) fault system and those in and near the Nevada Test Site. Four maps at a scale of 1:100,000 summarize the existing knowledge about these lineaments and faults based on extensive aerial-photo interpretation, limited field investigations, and published geologic maps. The lineaments and faults in all four maps can be divided geographically into two groups. The first group includes west- to north-trending lineaments and faults associated with the DVFCFZ and with the Pahrump fault zone in the Death Valley Junction quadrangle. The second group consists of north- to east-northeast-trending lineaments and faults in a broad area that lies east of the DVFCFZ and north of the Pahrump fault zone. Preliminary observations of the orientations and sense of slip of the lineaments and faults suggest that the least principle stress direction is west-east in the area of the first group and northwest-southeast in the area of the second group. The DVFCFZ appears to be part of a regional right-lateral strike-slip system. The DVFCFZ steps right, accompanied by normal faulting in an extensional zone, to the northern part of the Walker Lane a the northern end of Fish Lake Valley (Goldfield quadrangle), and appears to step left, accompanied by faulting and folding in a compressional zone, to the Pahrump fault zone in the area of Ash Meadows (Death Valley Junction quadrangle). 25 refs.

  6. Ancillary services market in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomez, Tomas; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal; Liew, Lucy; Khavkin, Mark

    1999-01-01

    www.caiso.com). California Power Exchange. 1998. PX Primer:Source: California Power Exchange) . 2 CaliforniaControl Automated Power Exchange Ancillary Service Balancing

  7. California’s Energy Future: Transportation Energy Use in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M; Hwang, Roland; Sperling, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    policy implications.   Energy Policy.   2009. 37 (12). ppin Southern California”, Energy Policy, 39 (2011) 1923–1938.and Policy and Director, Sustainable Transportation Energy

  8. California’s Energy Future: Transportation Energy Use in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M; Hwang, Roland; Sperling, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    in California PEV Technology and Costs The main challengesthis analysis. FCV Technology and Costs A hydrogen fuel cell6. Hydrogen storage technology and cost status compared to

  9. Methods for the fabrication of thermally stable magnetic tunnel junctions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, Y. Austin (Middleton, WI); Yang, Jianhua J. (Madison, WI); Ladwig, Peter F. (Hutchinson, MN)

    2009-08-25

    Magnetic tunnel junctions and method for making the magnetic tunnel junctions are provided. The magnetic tunnel junctions are characterized by a tunnel barrier oxide layer sandwiched between two ferromagnetic layers. The methods used to fabricate the magnetic tunnel junctions are capable of completely and selectively oxidizing a tunnel junction precursor material using an oxidizing gas containing a mixture of gases to provide a tunnel junction oxide without oxidizing the adjacent ferromagnetic materials. In some embodiments the gas mixture is a mixture of CO and CO.sub.2 or a mixture of H.sub.2 and H.sub.2O.

  10. Junction-side illuminated silicon detector arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Iwanczyk, Jan S.; Patt, Bradley E.; Tull, Carolyn

    2004-03-30

    A junction-side illuminated detector array of pixelated detectors is constructed on a silicon wafer. A junction contact on the front-side may cover the whole detector array, and may be used as an entrance window for light, x-ray, gamma ray and/or other particles. The back-side has an array of individual ohmic contact pixels. Each of the ohmic contact pixels on the back-side may be surrounded by a grid or a ring of junction separation implants. Effective pixel size may be changed by separately biasing different sections of the grid. A scintillator may be coupled directly to the entrance window while readout electronics may be coupled directly to the ohmic contact pixels. The detector array may be used as a radiation hardened detector for high-energy physics research or as avalanche imaging arrays.

  11. California’s Energy Future: Transportation Energy Use in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Christopher

    2011-01-01

    energy demand along with the potential for technologies in different transportation sectors to reduce fuelpotential for reductions in energy demand, rather than the supply of low-carbon transportation fuel.potential for reductions in fuel use is provided. California’s Energy

  12. Macroscopic quantum tunneling in spin filter ferromagnetic Josephson junctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massarotti, D.; Pal, A.; Rotoli, G.; Longobordi, L.; Blamire, M. G.; Tafuri, F.

    2015-06-09

    junctions and the demonstration of triplet supercurrents have suggested the potential of a dissipationless version of spintronics based on unconventional superconductivity. Here we demonstrate evidence for active quantum applications of S-F-S junctions...

  13. Stabilization of Ion Concentration Polarization Using a Heterogeneous Nanoporous Junction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Pilnam

    We demonstrate a recycled ion-flux through heterogeneous nanoporous junctions, which induce stable ion concentration polarization with an electric field. The nanoporous junctions are based on integration of ionic hydrogels ...

  14. An ab-initio analysis of bimetallic oligoaniline molecular junctions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Michael Wei-Lueng

    2007-09-17

    The electron transport characteristics of Oligoaniline molecular junctions terminated with thiol-ends are analyzed with the density functional theory and the Green's function approach. The molecular junction consists of ...

  15. Complementary junction heterostructure field-effect transistor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baca, A.G.; Drummond, T.J.; Robertson, P.J.; Zipperian, T.E.

    1995-12-26

    A complimentary pair of compound semiconductor junction heterostructure field-effect transistors and a method for their manufacture are disclosed. The p-channel junction heterostructure field-effect transistor uses a strained layer to split the degeneracy of the valence band for a greatly improved hole mobility and speed. The n-channel device is formed by a compatible process after removing the strained layer. In this manner, both types of transistors may be independently optimized. Ion implantation is used to form the transistor active and isolation regions for both types of complimentary devices. The invention has uses for the development of low power, high-speed digital integrated circuits. 10 figs.

  16. Complementary junction heterostructure field-effect transistor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Baca, Albert G. (Albuquerque, NM); Drummond, Timothy J. (Albuquerque, NM); Robertson, Perry J. (Albuquerque, NM); Zipperian, Thomas E. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1995-01-01

    A complimentary pair of compound semiconductor junction heterostructure field-effect transistors and a method for their manufacture are disclosed. The p-channel junction heterostructure field-effect transistor uses a strained layer to split the degeneracy of the valence band for a greatly improved hole mobility and speed. The n-channel device is formed by a compatible process after removing the strained layer. In this manner, both types of transistors may be independently optimized. Ion implantation is used to form the transistor active and isolation regions for both types of complimentary devices. The invention has uses for the development of low power, high-speed digital integrated circuits.

  17. Dismantling College Opportunity in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Civil Rights Project/ Proyecto Derechos Civiles

    2011-01-01

    DISMANTLING   COLLEGE     OPPORTUNITY   IN   CALIFORNIACrisis   and   California’s   Future   Dismantling   CollegePART   4: DISMANTLING   COLLEGE     OPPORTUNITY   IN  

  18. High voltage series connected tandem junction solar battery

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hanak, Joseph J. (Lawrenceville, NJ)

    1982-01-01

    A high voltage series connected tandem junction solar battery which comprises a plurality of strips of tandem junction solar cells of hydrogenated amorphous silicon having one optical path and electrically interconnected by a tunnel junction. The layers of hydrogenated amorphous silicon, arranged in a tandem configuration, can have the same bandgap or differing bandgaps. The tandem junction strip solar cells are series connected to produce a solar battery of any desired voltage.

  19. Transmission eigenvalue distributions in highly conductive molecular junctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergfield, Justin P; Barr, Joshua D; Stafford, Charles A

    2012-01-01

    Transmission eigenvalue distributions in highly conductivesingle-molecule junction; transmission eigenchannels Openuniquely characterized by its transmission eigenvalues ? n .

  20. EA-0930: Facility Operations at the U.S. DOE Grand Junction Projects Office, Grand Junction, Colorado

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to expand and upgrade the U.S. Department of Energy's Grand Junction Projects Office facilities and operations in Grand Junction, Colorado.

  1. Institutional Causes of California's Budget Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cain, Bruce E.; Noll, Roger

    2010-01-01

    2, Issue 3 Institutional Causes of California’s BudgetCain and Noll: Institutional Causes of California’s BudgetPolicy Institutional Causes of California’s Budget Problem

  2. NORTHERN CALIFORNIA METALLURGICAL SECTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Junqiao

    . Chin, Department of Materials Science, University of California, Berkeley, California 12:30 "UFO Professor Robert Creegan as our luncheon speaker. His topic will be "UFO's -- Borders of Science." 5

  3. Energy Upgrade California

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Upgrade California program serves as a one-stop shop for California homeowners who want to improve the energy efficiency of their homes. The program connects homeowners with qualified...

  4. Tandem junction amorphous silicon solar cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hanak, Joseph J. (Lawrenceville, NJ)

    1981-01-01

    An amorphous silicon solar cell has an active body with two or a series of layers of hydrogenated amorphous silicon arranged in a tandem stacked configuration with one optical path and electrically interconnected by a tunnel junction. The layers of hydrogenated amorphous silicon arranged in tandem configuration can have the same bandgap or differing bandgaps.

  5. Josephson Junctions Fabricated by Focussed Ion Beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hadfield, Robert Hugh

    at temperature T: ??? ? ??? ??= T2k ?(T) eR TI BN C tanh )( 2 ? , (2.26) where RN is the normal state resistance of the junction (temperature independent in low TC devices) and ? is the energy gap of the (identical) superconducting electrodes. BCS theory...

  6. Gallium nitride junction field-effect transistor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zolper, J.C.; Shul, R.J.

    1999-02-02

    An ion implanted gallium-nitride (GaN) junction field-effect transistor (JFET) and method of making the same are disclosed. Also disclosed are various ion implants, both n- and p-type, together with or without phosphorus co-implantation, in selected III-V semiconductor materials. 19 figs.

  7. Gallium nitride junction field-effect transistor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zolper, John C. (Albuquerque, NM); Shul, Randy J. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1999-01-01

    An all-ion implanted gallium-nitride (GaN) junction field-effect transistor (JFET) and method of making the same. Also disclosed are various ion implants, both n- and p-type, together with or without phosphorous co-implantation, in selected III-V semiconductor materials.

  8. Measuring Vacuum Polarization with Josephson Junctions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Penin, Alexander A. [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2J1 (Canada) and Institute for Nuclear Research of Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312 Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2010-03-05

    We argue that the vacuum polarization by the virtual electron-positron pairs can be measured by studying a Josephson junction in a strong magnetic field. The vacuum polarization results in a weak dependence of the Josephson constant on the magnetic field strength which is within the reach of the existing experimental techniques.

  9. JUNCTION TREE ALGORITHM Tuesday, September 9, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cevher, Volkan

    graph G = (NG, EG) to an undi- rected graph G = (NG, EG) plays an important role in the junction tree. More formally, the transformation from G to G requires the addition (to EG) of two sets, EGG and EGG). They are properly defined EGG := (Xi, Xj) N2 : Xk N : (Xi, Xk) EG and (Xj, Xk) EG EGG := (Xj, Xk) N2 : (Xj, Xk

  10. p-n Junction Heterostructure Device Physics Model of a Four Junction Melissa J. Griggs*, Brendan M. Kayes, and Harry A. Atwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atwater, Harry

    portion of the solar spectrum more effectively (see Fig. 1). High efficiency triple junction solar cellsp-n Junction Heterostructure Device Physics Model of a Four Junction Solar Cell Melissa J. Griggs-n junction device physics model for GaInP/GaAs/GaInAsP/GaInAs four junction solar cells. The model employs

  11. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: University of California...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    California, Santa Barbara Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: University of California, Santa Barbara Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: University of California, Santa...

  12. California's Energy Future - The View to 2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    renewable case) alone almost exceed the target emissions. California’s Energy Future -renewable energy, i.e. the “median case. ” California’s Energy Future -

  13. California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

    2008-01-01

    Forecasts of California transportation energy demand, 2005-alternative transportation energy pathways on California’salternative transportation energy pathways on California’s

  14. Foraging ecology of North Pacific albacore in the California Current System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glaser, Sarah M.

    2009-01-01

    California Current System. California Cooperative OceanicCalifornia Current system. California Cooperative OceanicCalifornia Current region. California Cooperative Oceanic

  15. Vibrational Heat Transport in Molecular Junctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segal, Dvira

    2015-01-01

    We review studies of vibrational energy transfer in a molecular junction geometry, consisting of a molecule bridging two heat reservoirs, solids or large chemical compounds. This setup is of interest for applications in molecular electronics, thermoelectrics, and nanophononics, and for addressing basic questions in the theory of classical and quantum transport. Calculations show that system size, disorder, structure, dimensionality, internal anharmonicities, contact interaction, and quantum coherent effects, are factors that interplay to determine the predominant mechanism (ballistic/diffusive), effectiveness (poor/good) and functionality (linear/nonlinear) of thermal conduction at the nanoscale. We review recent experiments and relevant calculations of quantum heat transfer in molecular junctions. We recount the Landauer approach, appropriate for the study of elastic (harmonic) phononic transport, and outline techniques which incorporate molecular anharmonicities. Theoretical methods are described along with...

  16. Junction conditions in extended Teleparallel gravities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De la Cruz-Dombriz, Álvaro; Dunsby, Peter K.S.; Sáez-Gómez, Diego E-mail: peter.dunsby@uct.ac.za

    2014-12-01

    In the context of extended Teleparallel gravity theories, we address the issue of junction conditions required to guarantee the correct matching of different regions of spacetime. In the absence of shells/branes, these conditions turn out to be more restrictive than their counterparts in General Relativity as in other extended theories of gravity. In fact, the general junction conditions on the matching hypersurfaces depend on the underlying theory and a new condition on the induced tetrads in order to avoid delta-like distributions in the field equations. This result imposes strict consequences on the viability of standard solutions such as the Einstein-Straus-like construction. We find that the continuity of the scalar torsion is required in order to recover the usual General Relativity results.

  17. Non-Lagrangian Theories from Brane Junctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ling Bao; Vladimir Mitev; Elli Pomoni; Masato Taki; Futoshi Yagi

    2013-11-08

    In this article we use 5-brane junctions to study the 5D T_N SCFTs corresponding to the 5D N=1 uplift of the 4D N=2 strongly coupled gauge theories, which are obtained by compactifying N M5 branes on a sphere with three full punctures. Even though these theories have no Lagrangian description, by using the 5-brane junctions proposed by Benini, Benvenuti and Tachikawa, we are able to derive their Seiberg-Witten curves and Nekrasov partition functions. We cross-check our results with the 5D superconformal index proposed by Kim, Kim and Lee. Through the AGTW correspondence, we discuss the relations between 5D superconformal indices and n-point functions of the q-deformed W_N Toda theories.

  18. Semiconductor junction formation by directed heat

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Campbell, Robert B. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1988-03-24

    The process of the invention includes applying precursors 6 with N- and P-type dopants therein to a silicon web 2, with the web 2 then being baked in an oven 10 to drive off excessive solvents, and the web 2 is then heated using a pulsed high intensity light in a mechanism 12 at 1100.degree.-1150.degree. C. for about 10 seconds to simultaneously form semiconductor junctions in both faces of the web.

  19. Highly Charged Ion (HCI) Modified Tunnel Junctions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pomeroy, J. M.; Grube, H. [Atomic Physics Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 100 Bureau Dr., MS 8423, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8423 (United States)

    2009-03-10

    The neutralization energy carried by highly charged ions (HCIs) provides an alternative method for localizing energy on a target's surface, producing features and modifying surfaces with fluences and kinetic energy damage that are negligible compared to singly ionized atoms. Since each HCI can deposit an enormous amount of energy into a small volume of the surface (e.g., Xe{sup 44+} delivers 51 keV of neutralization energy per HCI), each individual HCI's interaction with the target can produce a nanoscale feature. Many studies of HCI-surface features have characterized some basic principles of this unique ion-surface interaction, but the activity reported here has been focused on studying ensembles of HCI features in ultra-thin insulating films by fabricating multi-layer tunnel junction devices. The ultra-thin insulating barriers allow current to flow by tunneling, providing a very sensitive means of detecting changes in the barrier due to highly charged ion irradiation and, conversely, HCI modification provides a method of finely tuning the transparency of the tunnel junctions that spans several orders of magnitude for devices produced from a single process recipe. Systematic variation of junction bias, temperature, magnetic field and other parameters provides determination of the transport mechanism, defect densities, and magnetic properties of these nano-features and this novel approach to device fabrication.

  20. California’s Top Two Primary and the Business Agenda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGhee, Eric

    2015-01-01

    Quinn, Tony. 2013. The “Top Two” System: Working Like ItAssessing California’s Top-Two Primary and RedistrictingCalifornia’s Top Two Primary and the Business Agenda Eric

  1. CALIFORNIA ENERGY CALIFORNIA ENERGY DEMAND 2010-2020

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and utilities. Ted Dang, Steven Mac, and Libbie Bessman prepared the historical energy consumption data. Miguel CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CALIFORNIA ENERGY DEMAND 2010-2020 ADOPTED FORECAST Schwarzenegger, Governor #12; #12; CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Chris Kavalec Tom Gorin

  2. “The Making of” California’s Energy Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whittington, Jan

    2002-01-01

    the California Power Exchange, and the CaliforniaOperator (Cal ISO). The Power Exchange would be a wholesaleauspices of the Western Power Exchange Steering Committee.

  3. Exploring California PV Home Premiums

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoen, Ben

    2014-01-01

    Energy Systems on Residential Selling Prices in California.Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems in California: The Effect on Home Sales Prices.Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Home Sales Prices in California,”

  4. California Energy Commission CONSULTANT REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    roofs and the energy requirement for renovated lighting systems to meet the new 2013 energyCalifornia Energy Commission CONSULTANT REPORT IMPACT ANALYSIS California's 2013 Building Energy Efficiency Standards JULY 2013 CEC4002013008 CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Edmund G. Brown Jr

  5. Examining Sustainable Development Policy in California Cities: 2011 Energy Sustainable California Communities Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, Myungjung

    2013-01-01

    Cities: 2011 Energy Sustainable California Communitiesusing the 2011 Energy Sustainable California Communitiessurveyed in 2011 (Energy Sustainable California Communities

  6. Single P-N junction tandem photovoltaic device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Walukiewicz, Wladyslaw (Kensington, CA); Ager, III, Joel W. (Berkeley, CA); Yu, Kin Man (Lafayette, CA)

    2011-10-18

    A single P-N junction solar cell is provided having two depletion regions for charge separation while allowing the electrons and holes to recombine such that the voltages associated with both depletion regions of the solar cell will add together. The single p-n junction solar cell includes an alloy of either InGaN or InAlN formed on one side of the P-N junction with Si formed on the other side in order to produce characteristics of a two junction (2J) tandem solar cell through only a single P-N junction. A single P-N junction solar cell having tandem solar cell characteristics will achieve power conversion efficiencies exceeding 30%.

  7. Single P-N junction tandem photovoltaic device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Walukiewicz, Wladyslaw (Kensington, CA); Ager, III, Joel W. (Berkeley, CA); Yu, Kin Man (Lafayette, CA)

    2012-03-06

    A single P-N junction solar cell is provided having two depletion regions for charge separation while allowing the electrons and holes to recombine such that the voltages associated with both depletion regions of the solar cell will add together. The single p-n junction solar cell includes an alloy of either InGaN or InAlN formed on one side of the P-N junction with Si formed on the other side in order to produce characteristics of a two junction (2J) tandem solar cell through only a single P-N junction. A single P-N junction solar cell having tandem solar cell characteristics will achieve power conversion efficiencies exceeding 30%.

  8. Fabrication of magnetic tunnel junctions with epitaxial and textured ferromagnetic layers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, Y. Austin (Middleton, WI); Yang, Jianhua Joshua (Madison, WI)

    2008-11-11

    This invention relates to magnetic tunnel junctions and methods for making the magnetic tunnel junctions. The magnetic tunnel junctions include a tunnel barrier oxide layer sandwiched between two ferromagnetic layers both of which are epitaxial or textured with respect to the underlying substrate upon which the magnetic tunnel junctions are grown. The magnetic tunnel junctions provide improved magnetic properties, sharper interfaces and few defects.

  9. California Energy Incentive Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Report from the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) discusses annual update on key energy issues and financial opportunities for federal sites in California.

  10. California’s Energy Future: The View to 2050 - Summary Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Christopher

    2011-01-01

    renewable case) alone almost exceed the target emissions. California’s Energy Future -renewable energy, i.e. the “median case. ” California’s Energy Future -

  11. Spin Torques in Magnetic and Superconducting Tunnel Junctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffman, Silas Eli

    2012-01-01

    Tunnel Junctions for Spintronic Memories and Beyond. ” IEEEto their application in spintronic devices. Injecting a spinforecasts a new kind of spintronic device that manipulates

  12. Phonon Bottleneck in Graphene-Based Josephson Junctions at Millikelvin

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Phonon Bottleneck in Graphene-Based Josephson Junctions at Millikelvin Temperatures Borzenets, I. V.; Coskun, U. C.; Mebrahtu, H. T.; Bomze, Yu. V.; Smirnov, A. I.; Finkelstein, G....

  13. Planning Water Use in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisenstein, William; Kondolf, G. Mathias

    2008-01-01

    the University of Maryland Water Policy Collaborative, 2006.FURTH ER READ ING California Department of Water Resources.California Water Plan Update 2005: A Framework for Action.

  14. Limiting and realistic efficiencies of multi-junction solar Photonic Materials Group, FOM institute AMOLF, Amsterdam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polman, Albert

    Limiting and realistic efficiencies of multi-junction solar cells Photonic Materials Group, FOM of multi-junction solar cells, varying the number of subcells, the concentration of solar light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.4 Multi-junction Solar cells

  15. Phonon interference effects in molecular junctions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markussen, Troels

    2013-12-28

    We study coherent phonon transport through organic, ?-conjugated molecules. Using first principles calculations and Green's function methods, we find that the phonon transmission function in cross-conjugated molecules, like meta-connected benzene, exhibits destructive quantum interference features very analogous to those observed theoretically and experimentally for electron transport in similar molecules. The destructive interference features observed in four different cross-conjugated molecules significantly reduce the thermal conductance with respect to linear conjugated analogues. Such control of the thermal conductance by chemical modifications could be important for thermoelectric applications of molecular junctions.

  16. On-Chip Josephson Junction Microwave Switch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Naaman; M. O. Abutaleb; C. Kirby; M. Rennie

    2015-12-04

    The authors report on the design and measurement of a reflective single-pole single-throw microwave switch with no internal power dissipation, based on a superconducting circuit containing a single Josephson junction. The data demonstrate the switch operation with 2 GHz instantaneous bandwidth centered at 10 GHz, low insertion loss, and better than 20 dB on/off ratio. The switch's measured performance agrees well with simulations for input powers up to -100 dBm. An extension of the demonstrated circuit to implement a single-pole double-throw switch is shown in simulation.

  17. ESTIMATING RISK TO CALIFORNIA ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE FROM PROJECTED CLIMATE CHANGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2011-01-01

    installed at California power plants. Furthermore, recentlyinformation for California’s power plants. Personalinformation for California’s power plants. Personal

  18. STATE OF CALIFORNIA -NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA - NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: WWN.energy.ca.gov STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY RESOURCES Energy Policy Report Update (20121EPR Update), Background Public Resources Code Section 25302 requires

  19. “The Making of” California’s Energy Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whittington, Jan

    2002-01-01

    California’s Energy Crisis, Whittington cogeneration facilities, were advocating deregulation as a solution to high costs.cost overseas producers. Their primary representation was the California Large Energycosts - were equally dramatic. In August of 2000, “Energy Insight Today” compared how much individual California

  20. Josephson junctions in high-T/sub c/ superconductors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Falco, C.M.; Lee, T.W.

    1981-01-14

    The invention includes a high T/sub c/ Josephson sperconducting junction as well as the method and apparatus which provides the junction by application of a closely controlled and monitored electrical discharge to a microbridge region connecting two portions of a superconducting film.

  1. Diesel Use in California | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Use in California Diesel Use in California 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: California Energy Commission 2002deerboyd.pdf More Documents & Publications Reducing Petroleum...

  2. Southern California Channel Islands Bibliography, through 1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary

    1992-01-01

    Southern California Bight/San Onofre/Power Plant/Southern California Bight/San Onofre Power Plant/Power Plant (DCPP), San Luis Obispo County, California.

  3. The Aftermath of Redistricting Reform in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buchler, Justin

    2011-01-01

    2009. “Redistricting Reform Will Not Solve California’sMatthew. 2009. “Redistricting Reform Could Save California2. ———. 2011. “Redistricting Reform Revisited. ” California

  4. Contaminant Transport in the Southern California Bight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Idica, Eileen Y.

    2010-01-01

    1987). The California Current transports Pacific Subarctic1987). The California Current transports Pacific Subarcticthe dynamics and transport of Southern California stormwater

  5. CALIFORNIA SOLAR DATA MANUAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdahl, P.

    2010-01-01

    Users in a zone with one solar measurement location shouldin California where solar data of one kind or another havelifetime of the solar heating system: one can expect to pay

  6. CALIFORNIA INVESTMENT PLAN FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) .................................................................... 25 Natural Gas TRANSPORTATION COMMITTEE James D. Boyd Presiding Member Karen Douglas Associate Member Primary Author was prepared by the California Energy Commission's Transportation Committee as part of the Alternative

  7. University of California, Davis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullrich, Paul

    , SANCTIONS, & LAWS 11 University Policy and Sanctions 11 Loss of Financial Aid for Conviction Involving Possession/Sale of Illegal Drugs 11 Federal Laws and Sanctions 12 California Laws and Sanctions 12 Sacramento

  8. Mechanical deformations of boron nitride nanotubes in crossed junctions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, Yadong; Chen, Xiaoming; Ke, Changhong; Park, Cheol; Fay, Catharine C.; Stupkiewicz, Stanislaw

    2014-04-28

    We present a study of the mechanical deformations of boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) in crossed junctions. The structure and deformation of the crossed tubes in the junction are characterized by using atomic force microscopy. Our results show that the total tube heights are reduced by 20%–33% at the crossed junctions formed by double-walled BNNTs with outer diameters in the range of 2.21–4.67?nm. The measured tube height reduction is found to be in a nearly linear relationship with the summation of the outer diameters of the two tubes forming the junction. The contact force between the two tubes in the junction is estimated based on contact mechanics theories and found to be within the range of 4.2–7.6 nN. The Young's modulus of BNNTs and their binding strengths with the substrate are quantified, based on the deformation profile of the upper tube in the junction, and are found to be 1.07?±?0.11 TPa and 0.18–0.29 nJ/m, respectively. Finally, we perform finite element simulations on the mechanical deformations of the crossed BNNT junctions. The numerical simulation results are consistent with both the experimental measurements and the analytical analysis. The results reported in this paper contribute to a better understanding of the structural and mechanical properties of BNNTs and to the pursuit of their applications.

  9. Effect of current injection into thin-film Josephson junctions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kogan, V. G.; Mints, R. G.

    2014-11-11

    New thin-film Josephson junctions have recently been tested in which the current injected into one of the junction banks governs Josephson phenomena. One thus can continuously manage the phase distribution at the junction by changing the injected current. Our method of calculating the distribution of injected currents is also proposed for a half-infinite thin-film strip with source-sink points at arbitrary positions at the film edges. The strip width W is assumed small relative to ?=2?2/d;? is the bulk London penetration depth of the film material and d is the film thickness.

  10. Renewable Hydrogen From Wind in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartholomy, Obadiah

    2005-01-01

    lowest cost renewable energy source in California [2], windCost of California Central Station Electricity Generation Technologies” August 2003, California Energycosts are consistent with values developed by the California Energy

  11. ANALYSIS OF THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY INDUSTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2010-01-01

    from imports. Onshore crude oil production in California isa peak in production within California of both crude oil and

  12. Junction Hilltop Wind | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItron (California)JointJosephine, Texas:Gap Wind

  13. California: California's Clean Energy Resources and Economy (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-03-01

    This document highlights the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's investments and impacts in the state of California.

  14. Profiling the Thermoelectric Power of Semiconductor Junctions with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    components or hazardous working fluids. Developing new thermoelectric mate- rials with high figures of merit S is governed by local carrier statistics, SThEM allows us to profile precise elec- tronic junction locations

  15. Epithelial cell polarity and cell junctions in drosophila

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tepass, Ulrich; Tanentzapf­ , Guy; Ward, Robert; Fehon, Richard G.

    2001-12-01

    to the most detailed understanding of these processes in a whole animal model system to date. Asymmetry of the plasma membrane and the differentiation of membrane domains and cellular junctions are controlled by protein complexes that assemble around...

  16. Anomalous supercurrent from Majorana states in topological insulator Josephson junctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potter, Andrew C.

    We propose a Josephson junction setup based on a topological insulator (TI) thin film to detect Majorana states that exploits the unique helical and extended nature of the TI surface state. When the magnetic flux through ...

  17. Electron transport in normal-metal/superconductor junctions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, XZ; Zhao, HW; Hu, Chia-Ren.

    2000-01-01

    On the basis of the Keldysh method of nonequilibrium systems, we develop a theory of electron tunneling in normal-metal-superconductor junctions. By using the tunneling Hamiltonian model (being appropriate for the tight-binding systems...

  18. Power dissipation in a single molecule junction: Tracking energy levels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghoob Naimi; Javad Vahedi

    2014-12-05

    Motivated by recent work [Lee et al. Nature {\\bf 489}, 209 (2013)], on asymmetry features of heat dissipation in the electrodes of molecular junctions, we put forward an idea as a result of heat dissipation in the electrodes. Based on tight-binding model and a generalized Green's function formalism, we describe the conditions under which heat dissipation shows symmetry characteristic and does not depend on the bias polarity. We also show the power dissipated in the junction can be used to detect which energy levels of molecule junction play more or less role in the transmission process. We present this idea by studying a simple toy model and Au-$C_{60}$-Au junction.

  19. EA-1037: Uranium Lease Management Program, Grand Junction, Colorado

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the U.S. Department of Energy's Grand Junction Projects Office's proposal to maintain and preserve the nation's immediately accessible supply of...

  20. Phase diagram of Josephson junction between

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    diagram of Josephson junction betweensandssuperconductors in the dirty limit...

    1. Corrigendum Corrigendum to "Gap junction-mediated electrical transmission

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Rash, John E.

      Corrigendum Corrigendum to "Gap junction-mediated electrical transmission: Regulatory mechanisms, show variability in the electrical conductance of the synaptic transmission, even though the pre chemical component. Thus, electrical synapses from neighboring club endings coexist at different degrees

    2. Analysis of unusual earthquake and tremor seismicity at the Mendocino Triple Junction and Parkfield, California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Guilhem, Aurelie

      2011-01-01

      Seismic remote sensing for the earthquake source process andprocess of the 2004 Parkfield earthquake from near-fault seismicprocesses occurring in the MTJ, a new procedure is proposed using continuous scanning of long-period seismic

    3. Metal-Semiconductor junctions tlu@math.pku.edu.cn

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Lu, Tiao

      of Ec and Ev and also changes EFi n=ni e -q F - kT , p=ni e q F- kT n-p 2ni = e -F1 Metal-Semiconductor junctions tlu@math.pku.edu.cn homepage: dsec.pku.edu.cn/~tlu blog: http://hi.baidu.com/motioo #12;2 - Many of the properties of pn junctions can be realized by forming an appropriate metal

    4. One: The California Economic Outlook

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Thornberg, Christopher

      2006-01-01

      THE CALIFORNIA ECONOMIC OUTLOOK Christopher Thornberg,signs of having peaked. The outlook for 2006 is dominated by

    5. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Los Angeles

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Palermo, Sam

      of California, Los Angeles 2003 #12;iii Dedication To my parents #12;iv Table of Contents Dedication

    6. EA-1338: Transfer of the Department of Energy Grand Junction Office to Non-DOE Ownership, Grand Junction, Colorado

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposed transfer of real and personal property at the U.S. Department of Energy's Grand Junction Office to non-DOE ownership.

    7. California’s North Coast Fishing Communities Historical Perspective and Recent Trends: Project Summary

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Pomeroy, Caroline; Thomson, Cynthia J.; Stevens, Melissa M.

      2011-01-01

      California’s North Coast Fishing Communities HistoricalCalifornia’s North Coast Fishing Communities Historicalprovided by North Coast fishing community members, including

    8. The State of Health Insurance in California: Findings from the 2005 California Health Interview Study

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Brown, E. Richard; Lavarreda, Shana Alex; Ponce, Ninez; Yoon, Jean; al., et

      2007-01-01

      THE STATE OF HEALTH INSURANCE IN CALIFORNIA FINDINGSFROM THE 2005 CALIFORNIA HEALTH INTERVIEW SURVEY JULY 2007Foundation THE STATE OF HEALTH INSURANCE IN CALIFORNIA

    9. Inefficiencies and Market Power in Financial Arbitrage: A Study of California’s Electricity Markets

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, James; Wolfram, Catherine D

      2006-01-01

      California electricity market, too few participants learnedof California’s Electricity Markets,” Center for the Studyof the New York Electricity Market,” mimeo, UC Berkeley. [

    10. Achieving Sustainability inCalifornia’s CentralValley

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Lubell, Mark; Beheim, Bret; Hillis, Vicken; Handy, Susan L.

      2009-01-01

      of agricultural sustainability. ” Agriculture, Ecosystems &19, 2009. Achieving Sustainability in California’s Centralvariables. Achieving Sustainability in California’s Central

    11. California/Transmission/Agency Links | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      State Agency Links California Department of Fish and Wildlife California Office of Historic Preservation California Department of Transportation California Department of...

    12. The Social Costs of an MTBE Ban in California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Rausser, Gordon C.; Adams, Gregory D.; Montgomery, W. David; Smith, Anne E.

      2005-01-01

      California Energy Commission, Staff Report: Supply and CostCalifornia Energy Commission. Staff Report: Supply and Costthe total cost of gasoline in California. California Energy

    13. Water Requirements for Future Energy production in California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Sathaye, J.A.

      2011-01-01

      to southern to transport California from the Sacramento-Sansouthern to transport from northern California California.California, include federally-owned to south. transport from

    14. State of California Website Trends 2008-2010

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Seneca, Tracy

      2010-01-01

      of Transportation (Caltrans) California Energy Commissionof Transportation (Caltrans)  California Energy Commission Transportation ( Caltrans)  11388  California Courts  California Energy 

    15. California Lithium Battery, Inc.

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      California Lithium Battery (CaLBattery), based in Los Angeles, California, is developing a low-cost, advanced lithium-ion battery that employs a novel silicon graphene composite material that will substantially improve battery cycle life. When combined with other advanced battery materials, it could effectively lower battery life cycle cost by up to 70 percent. Over the next year, CALBattery will be working with Argonne National Laboratory to combine their patented silicon-graphene anode material process together with other advanced ANL cathode and electrolyte battery materials.

    16. Notice of Decision by the California Energy Commission To: California Resources Agency From: California Energy Commission

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Notice of Decision by the California Energy Commission To: California Resources Agency From: California Energy Commission 1416 9th Street, Room 1311 1516 9th Street MS-2000 Sacramento, CA 95814 Sacramento, CA 95814 Subject: Filing of Notice of Decision in compliance with Public Resources Code Section

    17. NOTICE OF DECISION BY THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION To: California Resources Agency From: California Energy Commission

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      NOTICE OF DECISION BY THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION To: California Resources Agency From: California Energy Commission 1416 9th Street, Room 1311 1516 9th Street, MS-2000 Sacramento, CA 95814 Sacramento, CA 95814 Subject: Filing of Notice of Decision in compliance with Public Resources Code Section

    18. California Geothermal Energy Collaborative

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      CEC5002013105 Energy Research and Development Division FINAL PROJECT REPORT #12; PRIMARY AUTHOR, development, and demonstration (RD&D) projects to benefit California. The Energy Research and Development Office Manager Energy Generation Research Office Laurie ten Hope Deputy Director ENERGY RESEARCH

    19. CALIFORNIA ENERGY FOURTH EDITION

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      further public funding, and to secure for California the environmental, economic, and reliability benefits, details how funding awards will be made, describes invoicing procedures, and includes necessary forms standard, biomass, solar thermal electric, wind, existing renewable #12;Table of Contents I - Introduction

    20. CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSIONGUIDEBOOK

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      these facilities may become selfsustaining without further public funding by 2011, and to secure for California. The Guidebook outlines eligibility and legal requirements, details how funding awards will be made, describes renewable energy, production incentives, renewables portfolio standard, biomass, solar thermal electric

    1. 167 Prospectus California Margin

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      system and associated changes in coastal upwelling. These data will be used to reconstruct north Pacific Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) where the digital data have been archived. #12;INTRODUCTION The California upwelling systems to climate change is poorly documented. Climate models and available paleoceanographic

    2. Googling the Top Two: Information Search in California’s Top Two Primary

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Sinclair, Betsy; Wray, Michael

      2015-01-01

      more as a consequence of the top two primary. ReferencesAssessing California’s Top-Two Primary and RedistrictingGoogling the Top Two: Information Search in California’s Top

    3. The Los Angeles Aqueduct: A Reexamination of California’s First Critical Water Transfer

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Robie, Charles

      2015-01-01

      California’s First Critical Water Transfer By Charles Robieof California’s first great water transfer, between InyoLos Angeles’s Department of Water and Power. As I reexamine

    4. Estimated impacts of climate warming on California’s high-elevation hydropower

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Madani, Kaveh; Lund, Jay R.

      2010-01-01

      on high elevation hydropower generation in California’sCalifornia’s high-elevation hydropower Kaveh Madani · Jay R.Abstract California’s hydropower system is composed of high

    5. Measure Guideline: Optimizing the Configuration of Flexible Duct Junction Boxes

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Beach, R.; Burdick, A.

      2014-03-01

      This measure guideline offers additional recommendations to heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system designers for optimizing flexible duct, constant-volume HVAC systems using junction boxes within Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA) Manual D guidance (Rutkowski, H. Manual D -- Residential Duct Systems, 3rd edition, Version 1.00. Arlington, VA: Air Conditioning Contractors of America, 2009.). IBACOS used computational fluid dynamics software to explore and develop guidance to better control the airflow effects of factors that may impact pressure losses within junction boxes among various design configurations (Beach, R., Prahl, D., and Lange, R. CFD Analysis of Flexible Duct Junction Box Design. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, submitted for publication 2013). These recommendations can help to ensure that a system aligns more closely with the design and the occupants' comfort expectations. Specifically, the recommendations described herein show how to configure a rectangular box with four outlets, a triangular box with three outlets, metal wyes with two outlets, and multiple configurations for more than four outlets. Designers of HVAC systems, contractors who are fabricating junction boxes on site, and anyone using the ACCA Manual D process for sizing duct runs will find this measure guideline invaluable for more accurately minimizing pressure losses when using junction boxes with flexible ducts.

    6. CALIFORNIA PATH PROGRAM INSTITUTE OF TRANSPORTATION STUDIES

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Agogino, Alice M.

      CALIFORNIA PATH PROGRAM INSTITUTE OF TRANSPORTATION STUDIES UNIVERFITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY,in cooperation with the State of California Business, Transportation, and Housing Agency, Department Agogino, Kai Goebel SatnamAlag University of California,Berkeley CaliforniaPATH Research Report UCB

    7. Two-component multi-configurational second-order perturbation theory with Kramers restricted complete active space self-consistent field reference function and spin-orbit relativistic effective core potential

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Kim, Inkoo; Lee, Yoon Sup

      2014-10-28

      We report the formulation and implementation of KRCASPT2, a two-component multi-configurational second-order perturbation theory based on Kramers restricted complete active space self-consistent field (KRCASSCF) reference function, in the framework of the spin-orbit relativistic effective core potential. The zeroth-order Hamiltonian is defined as the sum of nondiagonal one-electron operators with generalized two-component Fock matrix elements as scalar factors. The Kramers symmetry within the zeroth-order Hamiltonian is maintained via the use of a state-averaged density, allowing a consistent treatment of degenerate states. The explicit expressions are derived for the matrix elements of the zeroth-order Hamiltonian as well as for the perturbation vector. The use of a fully variational reference function and nondiagonal operators in relativistic multi-configurational perturbation theory is reported for the first time. A series of initial calculations are performed on the ionization potential and excitation energies of the atoms of the 6p-block; the results display a significant improvement over those from KRCASSCF, showing a closer agreement with experimental results. Accurate atomic properties of the superheavy elements of the 7p-block are also presented, and the electronic structures of the low-lying excited states are compared with those of their lighter homologues.

    8. Achieving California’s Land Use and Transportation Greenhouse Gas Emission Targets Under AB 32: An Exploration of Potential Policy Processes and Mechanisms

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Shaheen, Susan A.; Bejamin-Chung, Jade; Allen, Denise; Howe-Steiger, Linda

      2009-01-01

      Department of Transportation, California Energy Commission,California Department of Transportation, the California EnergyCalifornia Department of Transportation (Caltrans), California Energy

    9. Superpoissonian shot noise in organic magnetic tunnel junctions

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Cascales, Juan Pedro; Martinez, Isidoro; Aliev, Farkhad G.; Hong, Jhen-Yong; Lin, Minn-Tsong; Szczepa?ski, Tomasz; Dugaev, Vitalii K.; Barna?, Józef

      2014-12-08

      Organic molecules have recently revolutionized ways to create new spintronic devices. Despite intense studies, the statistics of tunneling electrons through organic barriers remains unclear. Here, we investigate conductance and shot noise in magnetic tunnel junctions with 3,4,9,10-perylene-teracarboxylic dianhydride (PTCDA) barriers a few nm thick. For junctions in the electron tunneling regime, with magnetoresistance ratios between 10% and 40%, we observe superpoissonian shot noise. The Fano factor exceeds in 1.5–2 times the maximum values reported for magnetic tunnel junctions with inorganic barriers, indicating spin dependent bunching in tunneling. We explain our main findings in terms of a model which includes tunneling through a two level (or multilevel) system, originated from interfacial bonds of the PTCDA molecules. Our results suggest that interfaces play an important role in the control of shot noise when electrons tunnel through organic barriers.

    10. Junction-based field emission structure for field emission display

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Dinh, Long N. (Concord, CA); Balooch, Mehdi (Berkeley, CA); McLean, II, William (Oakland, CA); Schildbach, Marcus A. (Livermore, CA)

      2002-01-01

      A junction-based field emission display, wherein the junctions are formed by depositing a semiconducting or dielectric, low work function, negative electron affinity (NEA) silicon-based compound film (SBCF) onto a metal or n-type semiconductor substrate. The SBCF can be doped to become a p-type semiconductor. A small forward bias voltage is applied across the junction so that electron transport is from the substrate into the SBCF region. Upon entering into this NEA region, many electrons are released into the vacuum level above the SBCF surface and accelerated toward a positively biased phosphor screen anode, hence lighting up the phosphor screen for display. To turn off, simply switch off the applied potential across the SBCF/substrate. May be used for field emission flat panel displays.

    11. Single Molecule Junctions: Probing Contact Chemistry and Fundamental Circuit Laws

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Hybertsen M. S.

      2013-04-11

      By exploiting selective link chemistry, formation of single molecule junctions with reproducible conductance has become established. Systematic studies reveal the structure-conductance relationships for diverse molecules. I will draw on experiments from my collaborators at Columbia University, atomic-scale calculations and theory to describe progress in two areas. First, I will describe a novel route to form single molecule junctions, based on SnMe3 terminated molecules, in which gold directly bonds to carbon in the molecule backbone resulting in near ideal contact resistance [1]. Second, comparison of the conductance of junctions formed with molecular species containing either one backbone or two backbones in parallel allows demonstration of the role of quantum interference in the conductance superposition law at the molecular scale [2].

    12. Environmental Audit of the Grand Junction Projects Office

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Not Available

      1991-08-01

      The Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO) is located in Mesa County, Colorado, immediately south and west of the Grand Junction city limits. The US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) established the Colorado Raw Materials Office at the present-day Grand Junction Projects Office in 1947, to aid in the development of a viable domestic uranium industry. Activities at the site included sampling uranium concentrate; pilot-plant milling research, including testing and processing of uranium ores; and operation of a uranium mill pilot plant from 1954 to 1958. The last shipment of uranium concentrate was sent from GJPO in January, 1975. Since that time the site has been utilized to support various DOE programs, such as the former National Uranium Resource Evaluation (NURE) Program, the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project (UMTRAP), the Surplus Facilities Management Program (SFMP), and the Technical Measurements Center (TMC). All known contamination at GJPO is believed to be the result of the past uranium milling, analyses, and storage activities. Hazards associated with the wastes impounded at GJPO include surface and ground-water contamination and potential radon and gamma-radiation exposure. This report documents the results of the Baseline Environmental Audit conducted at Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO) located in Grand Junction, Colorado. The Grand Junction Baseline Environmental Audit was conducted from May 28 to June 12, 1991, by the Office of Environmental Audit (EH-24). This Audit evaluated environmental programs and activities at GJPO, as well as GJPO activities at the State-Owned Temporary Repository. 4 figs., 12 tabs.

    13. The origin of California’s zero emission vehicle mandate

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Sperling, Dan; Collantes, Gustavo O

      2008-01-01

      Sperling, D. , 1989. Electric vehicles: performance, life-in California: The Role of Electric Vehicles. The ClaremontGM’s Revolutionary Electric Vehicle. Random House, New York.

    14. The origin of California’s zero emission vehicle mandate

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Sperling, Dan; Collantes, Gustavo O

      2008-01-01

      Regulations for Low-Emission Vehicles and Clean Fuels: FinalAmendments to the Zero-Emissions Vehicle Requirements, Marchauthority to regulate vehicle emissions. California is not

    15. Regulation of specific connexins differentially alters gap junction permeability and endothelial cell function

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Elihu, David Morad

      2006-01-01

      While many have explored how vascular processes alter gap junction communication and composition few have analyzed the role of specific gap junction connexin proteins in regulating cellular communication and wound healing. ...

    16. Estimating commuter rail demand to Kendall Square along the Grand Junction Corridor

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Bockelie, Adam

      2012-01-01

      Since acquiring the Grand Junction Railroad in June 2010 from CSX, the Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority (MBTA) has explored the possibility of using the line for commuter rail service. In addition the Grand Junction ...

    17. Computer-assisted data acquisition on Josephson junctions

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Pagano, S. ); Costabile, G.; Fedullo, V.

      1989-09-01

      An automatic digital data-acquisition system for the test and characterization of superconducting Josephson tunnel junctions is presented. The key feature is represented by the high degree of interaction of the measurement system with the device under test. This is accomplished by an iterated sequence of data acquisitions, automatic analysis, and subsequent modifications of the control signals in the device. In this way, the basic calibration and the value of the relevant quantities involved with the Josephson junction are automatically determined. A connection with a host computer makes possible more complex data analysis, while the full control of the experiment by a dedicated computer allows the operator to perform nonroutine procedures.

    18. TM-mode coupling to a Josephson junction S. J. Lewandowski

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Boyer, Edmond

      of the junction electrodes. to the j unction was provided by two leads immersed in superconducting solder, which

    19. Optimized Triple-Junction Solar Cells Using Inverted Metamorphic Approach (Presentation)

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Geisz, J. F.

      2008-11-01

      Record efficiencies with triple-junction inverted metamorphic designs, modeling useful to optimize, and consider operating conditions before choosing design.

    20. California Energy Incentive Programs

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels| Department ofBusinessCEA90:2:09California Energy Incentive

    1. Lessons from the California Electricity Crisis

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Wolak, Frank

      2003-01-01

      from the California Power Exchange (PX) day-ahead market andin the California Power Exchange day-ahead energy market andto cause the California Power Exchange to declare bankruptcy

    2. California's Energy Future - The View to 2050

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      2011-01-01

      Summit on America’s Energy Future (2008), http://www.natural gas. California’s Energy Future - The View to 2050supply California’ s Energy Future - The View to 2050 and

    3. Potential Benefits of Commissioning California Homes

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Matson, Nance; Wray, Craig; Walker, Iain; Sherman, Max

      2002-01-01

      California houses are improved energy utilization and reduced operating costs.Costs = Increased Funds for Other Purposes Improving the energy efficiency of California’costs, and environmental impacts. Energy Consumption Our evaluation of the benefits from commissioning California

    4. COMPARATIVE COSTS OF CALIFORNIA CENTRAL STATION ELECTRICITY

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION COMPARATIVE COSTS OF CALIFORNIA CENTRAL STATION ELECTRICITY GENERATIONCann Please use the following citation for this report: Klein, Joel. 2009. Comparative Costs of California............................................................................................................................1 Changes in the Cost of Generation Model

    5. COMPARATIVE COSTS OF CALIFORNIA CENTRAL STATION ELECTRICITY

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Laughlin, Robert B.

      CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION COMPARATIVE COSTS OF CALIFORNIA CENTRAL STATION ELECTRICITY GENERATION and Anitha Rednam, Comparative Costs of California Central Station Electricity Generation Technologies................................................................................................... 1 CHAPTER 1: Summary of Technology Costs

    6. The California Energy Crisis: A Little Too Much Help

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Rosen, Kenneth T.; Howard, Amanda L.

      2001-01-01

      55 percent of California’s power plants use natural gas (100supply of new power plants in California and a coincidentof California’s power supply is generated by plants that

    7. Transnational Social Networks and Globalization: The Geography of California's Exports

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Deo Bardhan, Ashok; Howe, David K.

      1998-01-01

      THE GEOGRAPHY OF CALIFORNIA’S EXPORTS B These papers areGeography of California’s Exports Ashok Deo Bardhan & Davidof California's Exports, Working Paper 98-262. Fisher

    8. California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT FINAL EVALUATION REPORT 2008 Building Energy the evaporator coil by drilling of Temperature Measurement Access Holes for the placement of temperature sensors

    9. CARBON SEQUESTRATION STRATEGIES FOR CALIFORNIA

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      GEOLOGIC CARBON SEQUESTRATION STRATEGIES FOR CALIFORNIA: REPORT TO THE LEGISLATURE Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (WESTCARB) studies that we used, including Cameron Downey

    10. California Nuclear Profile - Power Plants

      U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

      California nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State...

    11. Steven Greenhut California's Secret Government

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Handy, Susan L.

      Steven Greenhut California's Secret Government Redevelopment agencies blight the Golden State as a national travesty, a failed experiment in top-heavy government and liberal social engineering

    12. Early Ceramics from Southern California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Drover, Christopher E.

      1975-01-01

      REPORTS Early Ceramics from Southern California CHRISTOPHERThis paper describes the ceramics and their chronologicalfor dating. To date, 10 ceramic specimens have been

    13. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Los Angeles

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Pottie, Gregory J.

      , Committee Chair University of California, Los Angeles 2002 #12;iii DEDICATION To my family, near and far... With Love... #12;iv Contents Dedication

    14. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Los Angeles

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Pottie, Gregory J.

      of California, Los Angeles 1999 ii #12;DEDICATION This dissertation is dedicated to my parents. iii #12;Contents Dedication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii List of Figures

    15. OPTIMIZATION OF a-SiGe BASED TRIPLE, TANDEM AND SINGLE-JUNCTION SOLAR Xunming Deng

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Deng, Xunming

      OPTIMIZATION OF a-SiGe BASED TRIPLE, TANDEM AND SINGLE-JUNCTION SOLAR CELLS Xunming Deng Department, tandem and triple-junction a-SiGe based solar cells and materials [6-19]. Much of the research is also light and bias voltage for the measurement of multiple-junction cells. Materials characterization using

    16. Design of photonic metamaterial multi-junction solar cells using rigorous coupled wave analysis

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Lansey, Eli

      Design of photonic metamaterial multi-junction solar cells using rigorous coupled wave analysis Eli a horizontally-oriented multi-junction solar cell by creating an array of cavities tuned with targeted CMs of New York, New York, NY, USA 10031 August 26, 2010 ABSTRACT We have developed a method to design multi-junction

    17. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 84, 195428 (2011) Semiclassical magnetotransport in graphene n-p junctions

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Ullmo, Denis

      2011-01-01

      PHYSICAL REVIEW B 84, 195428 (2011) Semiclassical magnetotransport in graphene n- p junctions n-p junctions in the quantum Hall regime. This framework is known to experimentally exhibit, creating a n-p junction at the regions' interface, an ideal setup to study Klein tunneling. Using a strong

    18. Development status of triple-junction solar cells optimized for low intensity low temperature applications

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Development status of triple-junction solar cells optimized for low intensity low temperature triple-junction solar cells manufactured by AZUR SPACE Solar Power GmbH under low intensity low unusable for deep space missions. Fig. 1: Example of a flat spot effect present in a triple- junction solar

    19. DESIGN APPROACHES AND MATERIALS PROCESSES FOR ULTRAHIGH EFFICIENCY LATTICE MISMATCHED MULTI-JUNCTION SOLAR CELLS

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Atwater, Harry

      of the minority carrier lifetime. INTRODUCTION High efficiency triple junction solar cells have recently been heterostructures grown in a multi-junction solar cell-like structure by MOCVD. Initial solar cell data are also of the materials used in multi-junction solar cells must be optimized to efficiently absorb as much of the solar

    20. LOSS ANALYSIS OF BACK-CONTACT BACK-JUNCTION THIN-FILM MONOCRYSTALLINE SILICON SOLAR CELLS

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      LOSS ANALYSIS OF BACK-CONTACT BACK-JUNCTION THIN-FILM MONOCRYSTALLINE SILICON SOLAR CELLS F. Haase losses in back-contact back- junction monocrystalline thin-film silicon solar cells. The cells are made for back-contact back- junction (BC BJ) monocrystalline thin-film silicon solar cells using the PSI process

    1. Nanowire-Based Molecular Monolayer Junctions: Synthesis, Assembly, and Electrical Characterization

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      (phenylene vinylene) (OPV) were prepared by replicating the pores of sub-40 nm diameter polycarbonate track etched that the conductance of junctions formed with -conjugated oligomers are several orders of magnitude larger than the saturated alkanes, with the OPV junctions having the highest conductance. The molecular wire junction

    2. Mountain View, California: Fiat Res Publica

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Tung, Gregory

      1989-01-01

      Mountain View, California: Fiat Res Publica Gregory Tungundifferen­ tiated. In Mountain View, California (populationtoward San Francisco. Mountain View is avoiding a "just say

    3. California Nonpoint Source Program Strategy and Implementation...

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: California Nonpoint Source Program Strategy and Implementation Plan, 1998-2013Legal Abstract California Nonpoint Source Program...

    4. Edmund G. Brown Jr. LIGHTING CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Edmund G. Brown Jr. Governor LIGHTING CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE: SMART LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE LIGHTING's Future: Smart LightEmitting Diode Lighting in Residential Fans. California Energy Commission, PIER

    5. GEOLOGIC CARBON SEQUESTRATION STRATEGIES FOR CALIFORNIA

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION GEOLOGIC CARBON SEQUESTRATION STRATEGIES FOR CALIFORNIA to extend our thanks to the authors of various West Coast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership

    6. California Streamlines Approvals for Renewable Energy Projects...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      between the California Energy Commission (CEC) and the California Department of Fish and Game to create a "one-stop" permitting process. The collaboration, called the...

    7. Community Renewable Energy Deployment: University of California...

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Community Renewable Energy Deployment: University of California at at Davis Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Community Renewable Energy Deployment: University of California...

    8. Competitive ancillary service procurement in California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Khavkin, Mark

      2000-01-01

      Model (Source: California Power Exchange) In late 1996, theestablishment of the Power Exchange (PX) and the IndependentSource: California Power Exchange) Imbalance Energy Price $/

    9. California's Electricity Crisis: A Market Apart?

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Bushnell, James

      2003-01-01

      rule in the California Power exchange as the source of theThe California Power Exchange (PX) was to oversee mostaverage unconstrained Power Exchange price through the 32

    10. California Environmental Protection Agency Department of Toxic...

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      California Environmental Protection Agency Department of Toxic Substances Control Jump to: navigation, search Name: California Environmental Protection Agency Department of Toxic...

    11. California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

      2008-01-01

      2006-2016: Staff energy demand forecast (Revised SeptemberCEC (2005b) Energy demand forecast methods report.California energy demand 2003-2013 forecast. California

    12. ANALYSIS OF THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY INDUSTRY

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Authors, Various

      2010-01-01

      Rand Corporation, "Energy Alternatives for California: PathsDoctor et aI. , "Energy Alternatives for California: PathsPrograms Energy Facility Alternatives Discussion . ,

    13. Mechanical tugging force regulates the size of cellcell junctions

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Chen, Christopher S.

      Mechanical tugging force regulates the size of cell­cell junctions Zhijun Liua,1 , John L. Tanb,1 through the generation of mechanical forces at sites of cell­matrix and cell­cell contact. While increased mechanical load- ing at cell­matrix adhesions results in focal adhesion growth, whether forces drive changes

    14. ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS FOR RAMP-EDGE SNS JUNCTIONS

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Jia, Q.; Fan, Y.

      1999-06-01

      We report on the processing optimization and fabrication of ramp-edge high-temperature superconducting junctions by using alternative materials for both superconductor electrodes and normal-metal barrier. By using Ag-doped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}x} (Ag:YBCO) as electrodes and a cation-modified compound of (Pr{sub y}Gd{sub 0.6{minus}y})Ca{sub 0.4}Ba{sub 1.6}La{sub 0.4}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} (y = 0.4, 0.5, and 0.6) as a normal-metal barrier, high-temperature superconducting Josephson junctions have been fabricated in a ramp-edge superconductor/normal-metal/superconductor (SNS) configuration. By using Ag:YBCO as electrodes, we have found that the processing controllability /reproducibility and the stability of the SNS junctions are improved substantially. The junctions fabricated with these alternative materials show well-defined RSJ-like current vs voltage characteristics at liquid nitrogen temperature.

    15. Back-contacted back-junction silicon solar cells

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Johansen, Tom Henning

      electricity from BC-BJ silicon solar cells cost-competitive with electBack-contacted back-junction silicon solar cells Krister Mangersnes THESIS submitted in partial nearly four years as a Ph.D. student at the Institute for Energy Technology (IFE), Department of Solar

    16. Performance model assessment for multi-junction concentrating photovoltaic systems.

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Riley, Daniel M.; McConnell, Robert.; Sahm, Aaron; Crawford, Clark; King, David L.; Cameron, Christopher P.; Foresi, James S.

      2010-03-01

      Four approaches to modeling multi-junction concentrating photovoltaic system performance are assessed by comparing modeled performance to measured performance. Measured weather, irradiance, and system performance data were collected on two systems over a one month period. Residual analysis is used to assess the models and to identify opportunities for model improvement.

    17. PARAMETRIC EXCITATION OF PLASMA OSCILLATIONS IN JOSEPHSON JUNCTIONS

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Boyer, Edmond

      b. ' FIG. 3. - (a) 03B1c tan çoo vs. 2/Q at co = 2 cop. Straight line : theory. Circles : analog harmonic generation with big amplitude may be understood from a discussion of the stability properties frequency FIG. 1. - The junction model. For the analog R = 500 il, Io = 1 mA, C = 100 nF, and k = « 2 e

    18. Gap junction-mediated electrical transmission: Regulatory mechanisms and plasticity

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Rash, John E.

      Gap junction-mediated electrical transmission: Regulatory mechanisms and plasticity Alberto E of synaptic transmission: chemical and electrical. While most efforts have been dedicated to the understanding in revised form 16 May 2012 Accepted 23 May 2012 Available online 31 May 2012 Keywords: Electrical synapse

    19. Photo-Thermoelectric Effect at a Graphene Interface Junction

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      McEuen, Paul L.

      Photo-Thermoelectric Effect at a Graphene Interface Junction Xiaodong Xu, Nathaniel M. Gabor increase at the cryogenic temperature as compared to room temperature. Assuming the thermoelectric power predictions. KEYWORDS Graphene, photocurrent, photo-thermoelectric effect D evices that convert photons

    20. STATE OF CALIFORNIA -NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      STATE OF CALIFORNIA - NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 151 6 NINTH STREET SACRAMENTO, CA 95814-551 2 www.energy.ca.gov Buildings Technologies Program Building Energy Codes Program Manager U.S. Department of Energy August 7, 2013 Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

    1. California Air Resources Board's "California Green Building Strategy"

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      California Air Resources Board's "California Green Building Strategy" Collectively, energy use, as well as the sustainable operation, retrofitting and renovation of existing buildings. Since 1978, when building energy efficiency standards (Title 24, Part 6) were adopted, Californian's have saved more than

    2. Arnold Schwarzenegger CALIFORNIA OCEAN WAVE

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor CALIFORNIA OCEAN WAVE ENERGY ASSESSMENT Prepared For: California, State and Federal Agencies and their expectations in respect to potential wave power deployments Jim a huge amount of wave measurement data from various data sources Asfaw Beyene of the Department

    3. California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program Under Solicitation PON-09-604 #12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION impacts report assesses and reports on the potential localized health impacts of this additional fuelCalifornia Energy Commission STAFF REPORT MAY 2011 CEC-600-2010-009-AD2 LOCALIZED HEALTH IMPACTS

    4. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Los Angeles

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Stenstrom, Michael K.

      UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Los Angeles Application of Knowledge-Based Classification Techniques of California, Los Angeles 2005 #12;iii Table of Contents Signature Page ii Table of Contents iii List.5 Image Data 20 2.6 References 25 3 Digital Image Processing 28 3.1 Image Rectification and Restoration 28

    5. LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS IN CALIFORNIA

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS IN CALIFORNIA: HISTORY, RISKS, AND SITING Tyler Contributors Dave Maul Manager NATURAL GAS & SPECIAL PROJECTS OFFICE Terrence O'Brien, Deputy Commissioner and Leader of the Governor's Natural Gas Working Group #12;This paper was prepared as the result

    6. University of California Los Angeles

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      California at Los Angeles, University of

      University of California Los Angeles Understanding the BGP Transport Delay A dissertation submitted. Federic Paik Schoenberg Mario Gerla Songwu Lu Lixia Zhang, Committee Chair University of California, Los . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.2 BGP Transport Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.3 BGP Monitoring

    7. Transforming California's Freight Transport System

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      California at Davis, University of

      Transforming California's Freight Transport System Policy Forum on the Role of Freight Transport in Achieving Clean Air, Climate Goals, Economic Growth and Healthy Communities in California Jack Kitowski April 19, 2013 1 #12;Freight Impacts at Many Levels 2 #12;Freight Transport Today: Contribution

    8. NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Wildermuth, Mary C

      (page 18). In another story on transformations, Energy and Resources Ph.D. candidate and California Public Utilities Commissioner Carla Peterman is focusing on developing the energy storage market, a project that could push California's alternative energy to the next level of efficiency and make

    9. CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Building

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Building Survey Information Database of Buildings over 100 Energy Systems: Productivity and Building Science Program. This program was funded by the California of Portland Energy Conservation, Inc. Project Management: Cathy Higgins, Program Director for New Buildings

    10. California Proved Nonproducing Reserves

      Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

      AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0ProvedDecade2,948California (Million Cubic Feet)per272 522 542

    11. Atomically wired molecular junctions: Connecting a single organic molecule by chains of metal atoms

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Yelin, Tamar; Kuritz, Natalia; Korytár, Richard; Bagrets, Alexei; Evers, Ferdinand; Kronik, Leeor; Tal, Oren

      2015-01-01

      Using a break junction technique, we find a clear signature for the formation of conducting hybrid junctions composed of a single organic molecule (benzene, naphthalene or anthracene) connected to chains of platinum atoms. The hybrid junctions exhibit metallic-like conductance (~0.1-1G0), which is rather insensitive to further elongation by additional atoms. At low bias voltage the hybrid junctions can be elongated significantly beyond the length of the bare atomic chains. Ab initio calculations reveal that benzene based hybrid junctions have a significant binding energy and high structural flexibility that may contribute to the survival of the hybrid junction during the elongation process. The fabrication of hybrid junctions opens the way for combining the different properties of atomic chains and organic molecules to realize a new class of atomic scale interfaces.

    12. NOTICE OF DECISION BY THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION To: California Resources Agency From: California Energy Commission

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      NOTICE OF DECISION BY THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION To: California Resources Agency From Sacramento, CA 95814 Subject: Filing of Notice of Decision in compliance with Public Resources Code Section oilfield for use in enhanced oil recovery. Modification Description: Modify air quality conditions AQ-17

    13. California's Energy Future - The View to 2050

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      2011-01-01

      Policy, University of California, Berkeley (on leave) and Chief Technical Specialist for Renewable Energy

    14. CHP Assessment, California Energy Commission, October 2009

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      This report analyzes the potential market penetration of combined heat and power (CHP) systems in California.

    15. FIRE AND CLIMATE CHANGE IN CALIFORNIA

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Moritz, Max A.

      's California Climate Change Center JULY 2012 CEC5002012026 Prepared for: California Energy Commission FIRE AND CLIMATE CHANGE IN CALIFORNIA Changes in the Distribution and Frequency of Fire the University of California, Davis, provided downscaling and hydrologic modeling of climate data

    16. COMPARATIVE COSTS OF CALIFORNIA CENTRAL STATION ELECTRICITY

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION COMPARATIVE COSTS OF CALIFORNIA CENTRAL STATION ELECTRICITY GENERATION in this paper. #12;ABSTRACT In this 2007 report of the cost of generation of electricity for California located technologies, California Energy Commission staff provides levelized costs, including the cost assumptions

    17. California's Energy Future - The View to 2050

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      2011-01-01

      Energy Pathways Program, Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California,feasible transportation and heat. California’s EnergyCalifornia Council on Science and Technology Roland Hwang, Transportation Program Director, Natural Resources Defense Council Nalu Kaahaaina, Deputy Project Director, Energy

    18. Topological p-n junctions in helical edge states

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Disha Wadhawan; Poonam Mehta; Sourin Das

      2015-10-08

      Quantum spin Hall effect is endowed with topologically protected edge modes with gapless Dirac spectrum. Applying a magnetic field locally along the edge leads to a gapped edge spectrum with opposite parity for winding of spin texture for conduction and valence band. Using Pancharatnam's prescription for geometric phase it is shown that mismatch of this parity across a $p$-$n$ junction, which could be engineered into the edge by electrical gate induced doping, leads to a phase dependence in the two-terminal conductance which is purely topological (0 or $\\pi$). This fact results in a ${\\mathbb{Z}}_2$ classification of such junctions with an associated duality. Current asymmetry measurements which are shown to be robust against electron-electron interactions are proposed to infer this topology.

    19. Origin of subgap current in an SIS junction

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Suzuki, Toyoaki; Noguchi, Takashi; Matsuo, Hiroshi [National Institutes of Natural Sciences/National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo, 181-8588 (Japan)

      2009-12-16

      According to the BCS theory, the subgap current in an SIS junction is reduced exponentially as the temperature decreases. However, experimentally, the reduction is saturated below a certain temperature. This phenomenon was a bottleneck in the development of sensitive SIS photon detectors with NEP of 10{sup -19} W/{radical}(Hz) at 650 GHz, because the NEP is limited by the shot noise in the subgap current. To investigate the origin of the residual subgap current under various temperatures we have measured I-V curves of a Nb/Al-AlN/Nb junction. Obtained I-V curves have been reproduced by a model: single-and two-particle tunneling under reduced quasiparticle lifetime. Our result suggests that increasing the lifetime is essential to reduce the subgap current. One of possible methods to increase the lifetime is to form an epitaxial Nb film.

    20. Towards understanding junction degradation in cadmium telluride solar cells

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Nardone, Marco

      2014-06-21

      A degradation mechanism in cadmium telluride (CdTe/CdS) solar cells is investigated using time-dependent numerical modeling to simulate various temperature, bias, and illumination stress conditions. The physical mechanism is based on defect generation rates that are proportional to nonequilibrium charge carrier concentrations. It is found that a commonly observed degradation mode for CdTe/CdS solar cells can be reproduced only if defects are allowed to form in a narrow region of the absorber layer close to the CdTe/CdS junction. A key aspect of this junction degradation is that both mid-gap donor and shallow acceptor-type defects must be generated simultaneously in response to photo-excitation or applied bias. The numerical approach employed here can be extended to study other mechanisms for any photovoltaic technology.

    1. Strain designed Josephson $?$ junction qubits with topological insulators

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Colin Benjamin

      2015-06-23

      A Josephson qubit is designed via the application of a tensile strain to a topological insulator surface sandwiched between two s-wave superconductors. The strain applied leads to a shift in the Dirac point without changing the pre-existing conducting states, on the surface of a topological insulator. Strain applied can be tuned to form a $\\pi$ junction in such a structure. Combining two such junctions in a ring architecture leads to the ground state of the ring being in doubly degenerate state- the "0" and "1" states of a qubit. A qubit designed this way is quite easily controlled via the tunable strain applied. We report on the conditions necessary to design such a qubit. Finally the operating time of a single qubit phase gate is derived.

    2. Grain boundary and triple junction diffusion in nanocrystalline copper

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Wegner, M. Leuthold, J.; Peterlechner, M.; Divinski, S. V.; Song, X.; Wilde, G.

      2014-09-07

      Grain boundary and triple junction diffusion in nanocrystalline Cu samples with grain sizes, ?d?, of ?35 and ?44?nm produced by spark plasma sintering were investigated by the radiotracer method using the {sup 63}Ni isotope. The measured diffusivities, D{sub eff}, are comparable with those determined previously for Ni grain boundary diffusion in well-annealed, high purity, coarse grained, polycrystalline copper, substantiating the absence of a grain size effect on the kinetic properties of grain boundaries in a nanocrystalline material at grain sizes d???35?nm. Simultaneously, the analysis predicts that if triple junction diffusion of Ni in Cu is enhanced with respect to the corresponding grain boundary diffusion rate, it is still less than 500?D{sub gb} within the temperature interval from 420?K to 470?K.

    3. Development of Energy Balances for the State of California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

      2005-01-01

      oil/statistics/crude_oil_receipts.html. California Energyoil/statistics/crude_oil_receipts.html. California Energy2004f. Foreign Sources of Crude Oil Imports to California

    4. Is the California Special Education Achievement Gap Really Closing?

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Fearn, Emilene Johnson

      2012-01-01

      2011c). California Standards Tests technical report, Spring2009c). California Standards Tests technical report, Spring2010c). California Standards Tests technical report, Spring

    5. Impact of the Balance Billing Ban on California Emergency Providers

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Pao, Bing; Riner, Myles; Chan, Theodore C

      2014-01-01

      enf/ 2006-0777. California ACEP Web site. Available at:Physicians (California ACEP) reimbursement committee werePhysicians (California ACEP) argued that the DMHC did not

    6. Making Money from Microbes: Finance and the California Biotechnology Industry

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Willoughby, Kelvin W.; Blakely, Edward J.

      1989-01-01

      3. 8 Making Money from Microbes: Finance and the California28 Making Money from Microbes: Finance and the California36 Making Money from Microbes: Finance and the California

    7. Transportation and Stationary Power Integration Workshop: A California...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      A California Perspective Transportation and Stationary Power Integration Workshop: A California Perspective Overview of California regulations, latest funded hydrogen stations, and...

    8. Assessing Vehicle Electricity Demand Impacts on California Electricity Supply

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      McCarthy, Ryan W.

      2009-01-01

      generator in California Power Plant Generating Costsplants in California and 1195 power plants collectively inbe banned in California, and they those power plants are not

    9. Nine: The Causes of the California Energy Crisis

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Thornberg, Christopher F

      2002-01-01

      market, the California Power Exchange, was closed, and theCALPX or California Power Exchange Corp. ) to createthe California Power Exchange (CALPX). 19 The overall system

    10. Patterns of ecstasy-associated hyponatremia in California.

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Rosenson, Jonathan; Smollin, Craig; Sporer, Karl A; Blanc, Paul; Olson, Kent R

      2007-01-01

      Oakland, CA # California Poison Control System, Sanreported to the California Poison Control System (CPCS) overOakland, CA # California Poison Control System, San

    11. State of California Website Trends 2008-2010

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Seneca, Tracy

      2010-01-01

      California Integrated Waste Management Board  State  Water California Integrated Waste Management Board  poor  UC San Caucus  California Integrated Waste Management Board  80656 

    12. Changing Tracks? The Prospect for California Pension Reform

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Kogan, Vladimir; McCubbins, Mathew D

      2010-01-01

      for California Pension Reform Notes We focus on the combinedfor California Pension Reform Vladimir Kogan University ofCalifornia budget, pension reform, fiscal oversight

    13. Coherent Structures and Larval Transport in the California Current System

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Harrison, Cheryl S.

      2012-01-01

      eddies; ocean transport; California Current 1. Introductionand larval transport in the California Current system CherylEkman transport and pumping in the California Current based

    14. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --THE RESOURCES AGENCY Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Kammen, Daniel M.

      1 STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- THE RESOURCES AGENCY Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY efficiency standards, resource acquisition, energy security, and other related matters. Litigation COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 WEBSITES Main website: www.energy.ca.gov Children

    15. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --THE NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      #12;are to conserve resources, protect the environment, ensure energy reliability, enhance the stateSTATE OF CALIFORNIA -- THE NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: www.energy

    16. California’s North Coast Fishing Communities Historical Perspective and Recent Trends: Regional Profile

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Pomeroy, Caroline; Thomson, Cynthia J.; Stevens, Melissa M.

      2011-01-01

      W. L. 1954. California Fishing Ports Fish Bulletin 96,marine/status/ca_comm_fishing_gear.pdf (accessed 7/30/10)California’s North Coast Fishing Communities Historical

    17. Managing California’s Water: Insights from Interviews with Water Policy Experts

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Null, Sarah E.; Bartolomeo, Eleanor; Lund, Jay R.; Hanak, Ellen

      2012-01-01

      2009. Bulletin 160–09: California water plan update.California Department of Water Resources. Available from:should be allowed to sell water in California? Third-party

    18. Program Strategies and Results for California’s Energy Efficiency and Demand Response Markets 

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Ehrhard, R.; Hamilton, G.

      2008-01-01

      Global Energy Partners provides a review of California’s strategic approach to energy efficiency and demand response implementation, with a focus on the industrial sector. The official role of the state, through the California Energy Commission (CEC...

    19. California’s Energy Future: The View to 2050 - Summary Report

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Yang, Christopher

      2011-01-01

      Summit on America’s Energy Future (2008), http://www.natural gas. California’s Energy Future - The View to 2050supply California’ s Energy Future - The View to 2050 and

    20. University of California, Santa Barbara University of California Insurance Requirements Ground Transportation Charter Services

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      University of California, Santa Barbara University of California Insurance Requirements Ground Transportation Charter Services Prior to working with the University, vendors providing Ground Transportation. Workers' Compensation: as required under California State Law. D. Additional Insured Endorsement

    1. Junction Transport in Epitaxial Film Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Young, D. L.; Li, J. V.; Teplin, C. W.; Stradins, P.; Branz, H. M.

      2011-01-01

      We report our progress toward low-temperature HWCVD epitaxial film silicon solar cells on inexpensive seed layers, with a focus on the junction transport physics exhibited by our devices. Heterojunctions of i/p hydrogenated amorphous Si (a-Si) on our n-type epitaxial crystal Si on n{sup ++} Si wafers show space-charge-region recombination, tunneling or diffusive transport depending on both epitaxial Si quality and the applied forward voltage.

    2. Junction Transport in Epitaxial Film Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells: Preprint

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Young, D. L.; Li, J. V.; Teplin, C. W.; Stradins, P.; Branz, H. M.

      2011-07-01

      We report our progress toward low-temperature HWCVD epitaxial film silicon solar cells on inexpensive seed layers, with a focus on the junction transport physics exhibited by our devices. Heterojunctions of i/p hydrogenated amorphous Si (a-Si) on our n-type epitaxial crystal Si on n++ Si wafers show space-charge-region recombination, tunneling or diffusive transport depending on both epitaxial Si quality and the applied forward voltage.

    3. California Enterprise Development Authority- Statewide PACE Program (California)

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      FIGTREE Energy Financing is administering a Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing program in a number of California cities and counties through a partnership with the Pacific Housing &...

    4. Playing Politics with California’s Prison System

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Grattet, Ryken

      2013-01-01

      in direct reaction to the prisoner ’ s rights movement 314as more sympathetic to prisoners than prison officers, thePolitics with California ’ s Prison System By Joshua Page

    5. California department of education HQ block 225: California's valedictorian

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Bauman, Fred; Webster, Tom; Dickerhoff, Darryl J; Fentress, Curtis; Popowski, Matt

      2009-01-01

      Greg Gidez, AIA, DBIA, LEED AP is the corporate manager ofteam set a goal of achieving LEED Gold certifica- tion — abecame only the second LEED Gold build- ing in California as

    6. Joint measurement of current-phase relations and transport properties of hybrid junctions using a three junctions superconducting quantum interference device

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Basset, J.; Delagrange, R.; Weil, R.; Kasumov, A.; Bouchiat, H.; Deblock, R.

      2014-07-14

      We propose a scheme to measure both the current-phase relation and differential conductance dI/dV of a superconducting junction, in the normal and the superconducting states. This is done using a dc Superconducting Quantum Interference Device with two Josephson junctions in parallel with the device under investigation and three contacts. As a demonstration, we measure the current-phase relation and dI/dV of a small Josephson junction and a carbon nanotube junction. In this latter case, in a regime where the nanotube is well conducting, we show that the non-sinusoidal current phase relation we find is consistent with the theory for a weak link, using the transmission extracted from the differential conductance in the normal state. This method holds great promise for future investigations of the current-phase relation of more exotic junctions.

    7. Environmental assessment of facility operations at the U.S. Department of Energy Grand Junction Projects Office, Grand Junction, Colorado

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      1996-06-01

      The US Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared a sitewide environmental assessment (EA) of the proposed action to continue and expand present-day activities on the DOE Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO) facility in Grand Junction, Colorado. Because DOE-GJPO regularly proposes and conducts many different on-site activities, DOE decided to evaluate these activities in one sitewide EA rather than in multiple, activity-specific documents. On the basis of the information and analyses presented in the EA, DOE has determined that the proposed action does not constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, as defined by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, preparation of an environmental impact statement is not required for facility operations, and DOE is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI).

    8. California’s Water Footprint: recent trends and framework for a sustainable transition

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Fulton, Julian

      2015-01-01

      Africa. Barbier, EB. 2004. “Water and Economic Growth. ”Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute. CDF,California Department of Water Resources. 2015. “California

    9. California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT DRAFT EVALUATION REPORT Proposed Compliance Option of temperature sensors. Section RA3.2.2.2.2 of the reference appendices specifies the location and hole

    10. California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      on the potential localized health impacts of this additional fuel production project recommendedCalifornia Energy Commission STAFF REPORT MARCH 2011 CEC-600-2010-004-AD Awarded Funding Through the Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology

    11. California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      on the potential localized health impacts of this additional fuel production project recommendedCalifornia Energy Commission STAFF REPORT MARCH 2011 CEC-600-2010-009-AD Projects Awarded Funding Through the Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle

    12. Residential California adobe : mud form

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Daymond, Diana Leigh

      1985-01-01

      Northern California has a rich tradition of adobe architecture . Formed with earth, defined by site, climate and use, the adobe structures exemplify a building methodology in harmony with nature and the lifestyle of it's ...

    13. UNIVERSITY of CALIFORNIA Santa Barbara

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Martinis, John M.

      UNIVERSITY of CALIFORNIA Santa Barbara Fault-tolerant superconducting qubits A dissertation a full-fledged superconducting surface code quantum computer. v #12;Dan, oh man we have been through

    14. California Energy Commission COMMISSION REPORT

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition Brooke Coleman ­ New Fuels Alliance Will Coleman ­ Mohr Davidow Ventures ­ Western Propane Gas Association Bonnie HolmesGen ­ American Lung Association Roland Hwang ­ Natural of biofuels within California. Alternative and renewable transportation fuels include electricity, natural

    15. SCE- California Advanced Homes Incentives

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      Southern California Edison offers an incentive for home builders to build homes which exceed 2008 Title 24 standards by 15%. The program is open to all single-family and multi-family new...

    16. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Understanding Dependencies

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Grinter, Rebecca Elizabeth

      : ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Committee Chair University of California, Irvine 1996 #12;iii Dedication To the British Taxpayer. Thank you love you. My thesis is dedicated to the people who made this all possible, the British taxpayer

    17. Process for direct integration of a thin-film silicon p-n junction diode with a magnetic tunnel junction

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Toet, Daniel; Sigmon, Thomas W.

      2004-12-07

      A process for direct integration of a thin-film silicon p-n junction diode with a magnetic tunnel junction for use in advanced magnetic random access memory (MRAM) cells for high performance, non-volatile memory arrays. The process is based on pulsed laser processing for the fabrication of vertical polycrystalline silicon electronic device structures, in particular p-n junction diodes, on films of metals deposited onto low temperature-substrates such as ceramics, dielectrics, glass, or polymers. The process preserves underlayers and structures onto which the devices are typically deposited, such as silicon integrated circuits. The process involves the low temperature deposition of at least one layer of silicon, either in an amorphous or a polycrystalline phase on a metal layer. Dopants may be introduced in the silicon film during or after deposition. The film is then irradiated with short pulse laser energy that is efficiently absorbed in the silicon, which results in the crystallization of the film and simultaneously in the activation of the dopants via ultrafast melting and solidification. The silicon film can be patterned either before or after crystallization.

    18. Process for direct integration of a thin-film silicon p-n junction diode with a magnetic tunnel junction

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Toet, Daniel (Mountain View, CA); Sigmon, Thomas W. (Albuquerque, NM)

      2003-01-01

      A process for direct integration of a thin-film silicon p-n junction diode with a magnetic tunnel junction for use in advanced magnetic random access memory (MRAM) cells for high performance, non-volatile memory arrays. The process is based on pulsed laser processing for the fabrication of vertical polycrystalline silicon electronic device structures, in particular p-n junction diodes, on films of metals deposited onto low temperature-substrates such as ceramics, dielectrics, glass, or polymers. The process preserves underlayers and structures onto which the devices are typically deposited, such as silicon integrated circuits. The process involves the low temperature deposition of at least one layer of silicon, either in an amorphous or a polycrystalline phase on a metal layer. Dopants may be introduced in the silicon film during or after deposition. The film is then irradiated with short pulse laser energy that is efficiently absorbed in the silicon, which results in the crystallization of the film and simultaneously in the activation of the dopants via ultrafast melting and solidification. The silicon film can be patterned either before or after crystallization.

    19. Process For Direct Integration Of A Thin-Film Silicon P-N Junction Diode With A Magnetic Tunnel Junction

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Toet, Daniel (Mountain View, CA); Sigmon, Thomas W. (Albuquerque, NM)

      2005-08-23

      A process for direct integration of a thin-film silicon p-n junction diode with a magnetic tunnel junction for use in advanced magnetic random access memory (MRAM) cells for high performance, non-volatile memory arrays. The process is based on pulsed laser processing for the fabrication of vertical polycrystalline silicon electronic device structures, in particular p-n junction diodes, on films of metals deposited onto low temperature-substrates such as ceramics, dielectrics, glass, or polymers. The process preserves underlayers and structures onto which the devices are typically deposited, such as silicon integrated circuits. The process involves the low temperature deposition of at least one layer of silicon, either in an amorphous or a polycrystalline phase on a metal layer. Dopants may be introduced in the silicon film during or after deposition. The film is then irradiated with short pulse laser energy that is efficiently absorbed in the silicon, which results in the crystallization of the film and simultaneously in the activation of the dopants via ultrafast melting and solidification. The silicon film can be patterned either before or after crystallization.

    20. Understanding the response of commercial and institutional organizations to the California energy crisis. A report to the California Energy Commission - Sylvia Bender, Project Manager

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Lutzenhiser, Loren; Janda, Kathryn; Kunkle, Rick; Payne, Christopher

      2002-01-01

      to California’s 2001 Energy Crisis. ” In Proceedings of theof California's 2001 Energy Crisis: An Informal ProjectTO THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY CRISIS CONSULTANT REPORT July 24,

    1. GaInNAs Junctions for Next-Generation Concentrators: Progress and Prospects

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Friedman, D. J.; Ptak, A. J.; Kurtz, S. R.; Geisz, J. F.; Kiehl, J.

      2005-08-01

      We discuss progress in the development of GaInNAs junctions for application in next-generation multijunction concentrator cells. A significant development is the demonstration of near-100% internal quantum efficiencies in junctions grown by molecular-beam epitaxy. Testing at high currents validates the compatibility of these devices with concentrator operation. The efficiencies of several next-generation multijunction structures incorporating these state-of-the-art GaInNAs junctions are projected.

    2. Development of Energy Balances for the State of California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

      2005-01-01

      Energy Commission, 2001. California Power Plants Database.for either of California’s two nuclear power plants and isout-of-state power plants controlled by California utilities

    3. Comment on "Analysis of quantum coherent semiconductor quantum dot p-i-n junction photovoltaic cells"

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Scully, Marlan O

      2010-01-01

      This is a comment on PRL paper by A.P. Kirk "Analysis of quantum coherent semiconductor quantum dot p-i-n junction photovoltaic cells"

    4. Single-Particle Tunneling in Doped Graphene-Insulator-Graphene Junctions R. M. Feenstra*

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Feenstra, Randall

      -insulator-graphene (GIG) tunnel junctions. * feenstra@cmu.edu djena@nd.edu ggu1@utk.edu Published in J. Appl. Phys. 111

    5. SU-E-T-426: Dose Delivery Accuracy in Breast Field Junction for...

      Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

      distribution along the field junction in a half beam irradiation technique for breast cancer patients receiving radiation to the breast or chest wall (CW) and the supraclavicular...

    6. Employee Transportation Coordinators: A New Profession in Southern California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Wachs, Martin; Giuliano, Genevieve

      1992-01-01

      Coordinators: A New Profession in Southern California MartinCoordinators: A New Profession in Southern California Martin

    7. Public Health-Related Impacts of Climate Change in California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      2005-01-01

      VOC emissions. While California power plants are wellfrom large power plants in California as a function of

    8. Formation of Porous Layers by Electrochemical Etching of Germanium and Gallium Arsenide for Cleave Engineered Layer Transfer (CELT) Application in High Efficiency Multi-Junction Solar Cells

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Fong, David Michael

      2012-01-01

      Application in High Efficiency Multi-Junction Solar Cells AApplication in High Efficiency Multi-Junction Solar Cells Bycost of high efficiency multi-junction solar cells through a

    9. Formation of Porous Layers by Electrochemical Etching of Germanium and Gallium Arsenide for Cleave Engineered Layer Transfer (CELT) Application in High Efficiency Multi-Junction Solar Cells

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Fong, David Michael

      2012-01-01

      Efficiency Multi-Junction Solar Cells A thesis submitted inHigh Efficiency Multi-Junction Solar Cells By David Michaelsubstrate costs of multi-junction solar cells by recycling

    10. Formation of Porous Layers by Electrochemical Etching of Germanium and Gallium Arsenide for Cleave Engineered Layer Transfer (CELT) Application in High Efficiency Multi-Junction Solar Cells

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Fong, David Michael

      2012-01-01

      technique for LM triple junction solar cell grown on porousAnother common triple-junction solar cell utilizes a GaAstechnique for LM triple junction solar cell grown on porous

    11. Examining Sustainable Development Policy in California Cities: 2011 Energy Sustainable California Communities Survey

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Kwon, Myungjung

      2013-01-01

      Energy Sustainable California Communities Survey, Interna- tional County/City Management Association (ICMA), and US

    12. California’s Energy Future: The View to 2050 - Summary Report

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Yang, Christopher

      2011-01-01

      Energy Pathways Program, Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California,feasible transportation and heat. California’s EnergyCalifornia Council on Science and Technology Roland Hwang, Transportation Program Director, Natural Resources Defense Council Nalu Kaahaaina, Deputy Project Director, Energy

    13. Dynamics of Josephson junction systems in the computational subspace

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Wang Xiang-Bin; Matsumoto Keiji; Fan Heng; Y. Nakamura

      2001-12-05

      The quantum dynamics of the Josephson junction system in the computational subspace is investigated. A scheme for the controlled not operation is given for two capasitively coupled SQUIDs. In this system, there is no systematic error for the two qubit operation. For the inductively coupled SQUIDs, the effective Hamiltonian causes systematic errors in the computational subspace for the two qubit operation. Using the purterbation theory, we construct a more precise effective Hamiltonian. This new effective Hamiltonian reduces the systematic error to the level much lower than the threshold of the fault resilent quantum computation.

    14. Essex Junction, Vermont: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH JumpEllenville,Power Corp Jump to:SIBRErwin,CompanyVirginia:Junction,

    15. Iron Junction, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder at 8, 13RenewableIrem Geothermal Power PlantUtah:Junction,

    16. Princeton Junction, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975)Energy Technology JumpWilliam County, Virginia: EnergyJunction,

    17. Pacific Junction, Iowa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program | OpenWisconsin:NewOverPPSEnergyFuel Cell CorpJunction,

    18. Grand Junction, Colorado, Processing Site and Disposal Sites Fact Sheet

      Office of Legacy Management (LM)

      AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the t-) S/,,5 'a C O M P R E H E N S I551Grand Junction,

    19. Apache Junction, Arizona: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: EnergyYork Jump| Open EnergyNew Jersey:AntiguaAnyangJunction,

    20. ANALYSIS OF THE CALIFORNIA SOLAR RESOURCE

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Berdahl, P.

      2011-01-01

      CHECKS FOR THE PG&E SOLAR DATA NETWORK (COST: $20,000 START-THE CALIFORNIA SOLAR DATA MANUAL (COST: $40,000, ONCE EVERYTHE CALIFORNIA SOLAR DATA MANUAL (COST: $30,000, ONCE EVERY

    1. California's Energy Future - The View to 2050

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      2011-01-01

      Power (CSP) Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Geothermal Hydro andpower and the assumption that California’s large hydropower, this can be waste water as is used at The Geysers. Hydro and

    2. California's Energy Future - The View to 2050

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      2011-01-01

      The renewables case is 100% renewable energy. The additionalthat all cases have at least 33% renewable energy in the33% renewable energy, i.e. the “median case. ” California’s

    3. California Energy Commission COMMITTEE DRAFT REPORT

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      . Alternative and renewable transportation fuels include electricity, natural gas, biomethane, propane ­ California Air Resources Board Tim Carmichael ­ California Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition Brooke Coleman ENERGY COMMISSION TRANSPORTATION COMMITTEE James D. Boyd Vice-Chair Presiding Member Carla Peterman

    4. Electrical Engineering University of California, Riverside

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Electrical Engineering University of California, Riverside Bourns College of Engineering Electrical EngineeringElectrical Engineering Alexander A. Balandin Associate Professor Department of Electrical Engineering University of California - Riverside May 2005 Group Advising Meeting #12;Electrical Engineering

    5. Introduction: California's Growth: An Uncertain Future

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Teitz, Michael B.

      2008-01-01

      s Growth: An Uncertain Future BY MICHAEL B. TEITZ Editor'shave to be California’s future? Clearly, not so. This ofat the issue of accommodating future tions within them, for

    6. Deep Energy Retrofits - Eleven California Case Studies

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Less, Brennan

      2014-01-01

      2005). California’s Water-Energy Relationship. Integratedthe heating and hot water energy uses attributed to naturalof two to one, and hot water energy varied by factors of 2.4

    7. Lessons from the California Electricity Crisis

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Wolak, Frank

      2003-01-01

      cost (paid by the affiliate that owns the generation unit) of providing energy or ancillary services to California

    8. Lessons from the California Electricity Crisis

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Wolak, Frank

      2003-01-01

      Southern California Edison, and San Diego Gas and ElectricBto the new ownersBDuke, Dynegy, Reliant, AES/

    9. Regional availability of mechanical embolectomy for acute ischemic stroke in California, 2009 to 2010

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Choi, JC; Hsia, RY; Kim, AS

      2015-01-01

      Various Ground Transport Distances From California Hospitalsin California lived within reasonable ground transportin California lived within reason- able ground transport

    10. In this thesis, our goal was to fabricate Josephson junction that can be stably processed at 300C or higher. With the purpose of integrating Josephson junction fabrication with current semiconductor circuit fabrication

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      /Hf-HfOx/Nb superconductor tunnel Josephson junctions that can be grown or processed at elevated temperatures. Also elevated

    11. Inverted GaInP/(In)GaAs/InGaAs Triple-Junction Solar Cells with Low-Stress Metamorphic Bottom Junctions: Preprint

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Geisz, J. F.; Kurtz, S. R.; Wanlass, M. W.; Ward, J. S.; Duda, A.; Friedman, D. J.; Olson, J. M.; McMahon, W. E.; Moriarty, T. E.; Kiehl, J. T.; Romero, M. J.; Norman, A. G.; Jones, K. M.

      2008-05-01

      We demonstrate high efficiency performance in two ultra-thin, Ge-free III-V semiconductor triple-junction solar cell device designs grown in an inverted configuration. Low-stress metamorphic junctions were engineered to achieve excellent photovoltaic performance with less than 3 x 106 cm-2 threading dislocations. The first design with band gaps of 1.83/1.40/1.00 eV, containing a single metamorphic junction, achieved 33.8% and 39.2% efficiencies under the standard one-sun global spectrum and concentrated direct spectrum at 131 suns, respectively. The second design with band gaps of 1.83/1.34/0.89 eV, containing two metamorphic junctions achieved 33.2% and 40.1% efficiencies under the standard one-sun global spectrum and concentrated direct spectrum at 143 suns, respectively.

    12. Regulation of Hydraulic Fracturing in California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Kammen, Daniel M.

      APRIL 2013 Regulation of Hydraulic Fracturing in California: A WAsteWAteR And WAteR QuAlity Pe | Regulation of Hydraulic Fracturing in California Wheeler Institute for Water Law & Policy Center for Law #12;Regulation of Hydraulic Fracturing in California | 3Berkeley law | wheeler InstItute for water law

    13. STATE OF CALIFORNIA VALVE LEAKAGE TEST

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      STATE OF CALIFORNIA VALVE LEAKAGE TEST CEC-MECH-8A (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CERTIFICATE OF ACCEPTANCE MECH-8A NA7.5.7 Valve Leakage Test (Page 1 of 3) Project Name/Address: System Name VALVE LEAKAGE TEST CEC-MECH-8A (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CERTIFICATE OF ACCEPTANCE

    14. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ SCIENCE COMMUNICATION

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      California at Santa Cruz, University of

      UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ SCIENCE COMMUNICATION The internationally recognized Science Communication Program at the University of California, Santa Cruz, invites applications for an on-going pool Communication Program University of California 1156 High Street Please refer to provision T03-16 in your reply

    15. California Energy Commission DRAFT STAFF REPORT

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      . Steven Mac and Irene Salazar provided the historic consumption data. Mark Ciminelli provided a newCalifornia Energy Commission DRAFT STAFF REPORT UPDATED CALIFORNIA ENERGY DEMAND FORECAST 20112022 MAY 2011 CEC2002011006SD #12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Chris Kavalec Principal Author Chris

    16. NUCLEAR POWER IN CALIFORNIA: 2007 STATUS REPORT

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      NUCLEAR POWER IN CALIFORNIA: 2007 STATUS REPORT Prepared For: California Energy Commission Prepared;Abstract This consultant report examines how nuclear power issues have evolved since publication of the consultant report, Nuclear Power in California: Status Report, which was prepared for the 2005 IEPR

    17. FIRE AND CLIMATE CHANGE IN CALIFORNIA

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      FIRE AND CLIMATE CHANGE IN CALIFORNIA Changes in the Distribution and Frequency of Fire's California Climate Change Center JULY 2012 CEC5002012026 Prepared for: California Energy Commission to climate change has the potential to induce alteration of future fire activity. This research presents just

    18. California Renewable Energy Center Integrated Assessment

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      California at Davis, University of

      ;California Renewable Energy Center Organization of this session: · Overview of solar, wind, geothermal · End of 2013 ­ Global: 318 GW ­ U.S.: 61 GW ­ California: 5,829 MW · State with 2nd most wind capacity Price of Energy 15 #12;California Renewable Energy Center 16 Distributed Wind · On-site or installed

    19. California Energy Futures Study Working Committee

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      California at Davis, University of

      #12;#12;#12;California Energy Futures Study Working Committee Robert Budnitz, LBNL Linda Cohen, UC Somerville, UC Berkeley H. Youngs ­ EBI, UC Berkeley California's Energy Future, Biofuels #12;Stress tests California's Energy Future, Biofuels #12;#12;#12;Reduced Fuel Demand Scenario H. Youngs ­ EBI, UC Berkeley

    20. THE STATE OF DEMAND RESPONSE IN CALIFORNIA

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      THE STATE OF DEMAND RESPONSE IN CALIFORNIA Prepared For: California Energy in this report. #12; ABSTRACT By reducing system loads during criticalpeak times, demand response (DR) can.S. and internationally and lay out ideas that could help move California forward. KEY WORDS demand response, peak

    1. ABUNDANCE AND ULTRASTRUCTURAL DIVERSITY OF NEURONAL GAP JUNCTIONS IN THE OFF AND ON SUBLAMINAE OF THE

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Rash, John E.

      retina. In the inner plexiform layer (IPL), ultrastructurally-identified gap junctions were reported primarily in the functionally-defined and anatomically-distinct ON sublamina, with few reported in the OFF an- alyze the morphologies and distributions of neuronal gap junctions in the IPL of adult rat

    2. Leakage Current and Dopant Activation Characterization of SDE/Halo CMOS Junctions with

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Schroder, Dieter K.

      by trap assisted and band-to-band tunneling. The reduced thermal budget of IRTP allows junction formation is described by high electron and hole recombination-generation in the end-of-range (EOR) damage layer enhanced/cm^) for high sub-junction doping due to band-to- band and trap-assisted tunnehng [1,2,3] compromises

    3. Molecular Rectification in a Metal-Insulator-Metal Junction Based on Self-Assembled Monolayers

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Jacobs, Heiko O.

      Molecular Rectification in a Metal-Insulator-Metal Junction Based on Self-Assembled Monolayers Received April 8, 2002 Abstract: An electrical junction formed by mechanical contact between two self-assembled. The hypothesis underlying this design is based on the relative energies of the highest occupied molecular orbital

    4. Low temperature junction growth using hot-wire chemical vapor deposition

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Wang, Qi; Page, Matthew; Iwaniczko, Eugene; Wang, Tihu; Yan, Yanfa

      2014-02-04

      A system and a process for forming a semi-conductor device, and solar cells (10) formed thereby. The process includes preparing a substrate (12) for deposition of a junction layer (14); forming the junction layer (14) on the substrate (12) using hot wire chemical vapor deposition; and, finishing the semi-conductor device.

    5. Photovoltaic nanopillar radial junction diode architecture enhanced by integrating semiconductor quantum dot nanocrystals as light harvesters

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Demir, Hilmi Volkan

      Photovoltaic nanopillar radial junction diode architecture enhanced by integrating semiconductor- and Nano-systems Programme, Singapore-MIT Alliance, Singapore 117576 Received 22 June 2010; accepted 10 hybridized, radial p-n junction based, nanopillar solar cells with photovoltaic performance enhanced

    6. Holographic model of hybrid and coexisting s-wave and p-wave Josephson junction

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Shuai Liu; Yong-Qiang Wang

      2015-10-27

      In this paper the holographic model for hybrid and coexisting s-wave and p-wave Josephson junction is constructed by a triplet charged scalar field coupled with a non-Abelian $SU(2)$ gauge fields in (3+1)-dimensional AdS spacetime. Depending on the value of chemical potential $\\mu$, one can show that there are four types of junctions (s+p-N-s+p, s+p-N-s, s+p-N-p and s-N-p). We show that DC current of all the hybrid and coexisting s-wave and p-wave junctions is proportional to the sine of the phase difference across the junction. In addition, the maximum current and the total condensation decays with the width of junction exponentially, respectively. For s+p-N-s and s-N-p junction, the maximum current decreases with growing temperature. Moreover, we find that the maximum current increases with growing temperature for s+p-N-s+p and s+p-N-p junction, which is in the different manner as the behaviour of s+p-N-s and s-N-p junction.

    7. Novel applications of the Josephson Effect: Ferroelectric Characterisation and Capacitively Shunted Grain Boundary Junctions

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      McBrien, Philip Francis

      This thesis describes applications of the ac Josephson effect. Firstly, results are presented from bicrystal grain boundary YBa2Cu3O7-d junctions shunted with a YBa2Cu3O7-d/SrTiO3/Au multilayer external capacitor, to make a junction with a...

    8. Physical model of back line-contact front-junction solar cells Andres Cuevas

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      electron-collector region is made by thermal dif- fusion of phosphorus, and the localized metal contactsPhysical model of back line-contact front-junction solar cells Andres Cuevas Citation: J. Appl-junction solar cells Andres Cuevasa) Research School of Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra

    9. Junction conditions in General Relativity with spin sources

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Alex Giacomini; Ricardo Troncoso; Steven Willison

      2006-05-16

      The junction conditions for General Relativity in the presence of domain walls with intrinsic spin are derived in three and higher dimensions. A stress tensor and a spin current can be defined just by requiring the existence of a well defined volume element instead of an induced metric, so as to allow for generic torsion sources. In general, when the torsion is localized on the domain wall, it is necessary to relax the continuity of the tangential components of the vielbein. In fact it is found that the spin current is proportional to the jump in the vielbein and the stress-energy tensor is proportional to the jump in the spin connection. The consistency of the junction conditions implies a constraint between the direction of flow of energy and the orientation of the spin. As an application, we derive the circularly symmetric solutions for both the rotating string with tension and the spinning dust string in three dimensions. The rotating string with tension generates a rotating truncated cone outside and a flat space-time with inevitable frame dragging inside. In the case of a string made of spinning dust, in opposition to the previous case no frame dragging is present inside, so that in this sense, the dragging effect can be "shielded" by considering spinning instead of rotating sources. Both solutions are consistently lifted as cylinders in the four-dimensional case.

    10. California energy flow in 1991

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Borg, I.Y.; Briggs, C.K.

      1993-04-01

      Energy consumption in California fell in 1991 for the first time in five years. The State`s economy was especially hard hit by a continuing national recession. The construction industry for the second year experienced a dramatic downturn. Energy use in the industrial sector showed a modest increase, but consumption in other end-use categories declined. The decrease in energy used in transportation can be traced to a substantial fall in the sales of both highway diesel fuels and vessel bunkering fuels at California ports, the latter reflecting a mid-year increase in taxes. Gasoline sales by contrast increased as did the number of miles traveled and the number of automobiles in the State. Production in California`s oil and gas fields was at 1990 levels thus arresting a steady decline in output. Due to enlarged steam flooding operations, production at several fields reached record levels. Also countering the decline in many of California fields was new production from the Port Arguello offshore field. California natural gas production, despite a modest 1991 increase, will not fill the use within the State. Petroleum comprised more than half of the State`s energy supply principally for transportation. Natural gas use showed a small increase. Oil products play virtually no role in electrical production. The largest single source of electricity to the State is imports from the Pacific Northwest and from coal-fired plants in the Southwest. Combined contributions to transmitted electricity from renewable and alternate sources declined as hydropower was constrained by a prolonged drought and as geothermal power from the largest and oldest field at The Geysers fell. Windpower grew slightly; however solar power remained at 1990 levels and made no substantial contribution to total power generation.

    11. Commitment is a Two-Way Street: Toyota, California and NUMMI

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Shaiken, Harley

      2010-01-01

      California’s Automotive Industry: Maintaining AutomotiveCalifornia’s Automotive Industry. ” “This region includesCalifornia’s Automotive Industry: Maintaining Automotive

    12. Inefficiencies and Market Power in Financial Arbitrage: A Study of California's Electricity Markets

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, James; Knittel, Christopher R.; Wolfram, Catherine

      2004-01-01

      of the New York Electricity Market,” mimeo, UC Berkeley. [of California’s Electricity Markets Severin Borenstein,of California’s Electricity Markets Severin Borenstein,

    13. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 2: Policy Analysis

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

      2007-01-01

      Forecasts of California Transportation Energy Demand 2005-70 percent of California’s transportation energy, diesel 17of the transportation energy market in California. However,

    14. Improving the Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates from the Combustion of Fossil Fuels in California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      de la Rue du Can, Stephane

      2010-01-01

      Transportation California Air Resources Board California EnergyTransportation Statistics British thermal unit California Conventional and Alternative Vehicle Response Simulator model California Energy

    15. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 2: Policy Analysis

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      2007-01-01

      Forecasts of California Transportation Energy Demand 2005-70 percent of California’s transportation energy, diesel 17of the transportation energy market in California. However,

    16. Solar Parking Structure in California

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      This photograph features the photovoltaic (PV) system at the Cal Expo in Sacramento, California, that was "made for the shade," but it does much more. Installed in September 2000, the 540-kilowatt PV system produces enough energy to power about 180 homes. In addition, the solar arrays serve as an oasis of shaded parking for 1,000 cars in a desert of scorching blacktop. The project was designed and built by Kyocera Solar/Utility Power Group for the Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD). At the time, this was the largest parking lot solar system in the world today. Cal Expo is the site of many events, including the California State Fair.

    17. Josephson junction of non-Abelian superconductors and non-Abelian Josephson vortices

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Muneto Nitta

      2015-08-06

      A Josephson junction is made of two superconductors sandwiching an insulator, and a Josephson vortex is a magnetic vortex (flux tube) absorbed into the Josephson junction, whose dynamics can be described by the sine-Gordon equation. In a field theory framework, a flexible Josephson junction was proposed, in which the Josephson junction is represented by a domain wall separating two condensations and a Josephson vortex is a sine-Gordon soliton in the domain wall effective theory. In this paper, we propose a Josephson junction of non-Abelian color superconductors, that is described by a non-Abelian domain wall, and show that a non-Abelian vortex (color magnetic flux tube) absorbed into it is a non-Abelian Josephson vortex represented as a non-Abelian sine-Gordon soliton in the domain wall effective theory, that is the $U(N)$ principal chiral model.

    18. Josephson junction of non-Abelian superconductors and non-Abelian Josephson vortices

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Nitta, Muneto

      2015-01-01

      A Josephson junction is made of two superconductors sandwiching an insulator, and a Josephson vortex is a magnetic vortex absorbed into the Josephson junction, whose dynamics can be described by the sine-Gordon equation. In a field theory framework, a flexible Josephson junction was proposed, in which the Josephson junction is represented by a domain wall separating two condensations and a Josephson vortex is a sine-Gordon soliton in the domain wall effective theory. In this paper, we propose a Josephson junction of non-Abelian color superconductors, that is described by a non-Abelian domain wall, and show that a non-Abelian vortex (color magnetic flux tube) absorbed into it is a non-Abelian Josephson vortex represented as a non-Abelian sine-Gordon soliton in the domain wall effective theory.

    19. E-cadherin junction formation involves an active kinetic nucleation process

      DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

      Biswas, Kabir H.; Hartman, Kevin L.; Yu, Cheng -han; Harrison, Oliver J.; Song, Hang; Smith, Adam W.; Huang, William Y. C.; Lin, Wan -Chen; Guo, Zhenhuan; Padmanabhan, Anup; et al

      2015-08-19

      Epithelial (E)-cadherin-mediated cell–cell junctions play important roles in the development and maintenance of tissue structure in multicellular organisms. E-cadherin adhesion is thus a key element of the cellular microenvironment that provides both mechanical and biochemical signaling inputs. Here, we report in vitro reconstitution of junction-like structures between native E-cadherin in living cells and the extracellular domain of E-cadherin in a supported membrane. Junction formation in this hybrid live cell-supported membrane configuration requires both active processes within the living cell and a supported membrane with low E-cad-ECD mobility. The hybrid junctions recruit ?-catenin and exhibit remodeled cortical actin. Observations suggest thatmore »the initial stages of junction formation in this hybrid system depend on the trans but not the cis interactions between E-cadherin molecules, and proceed via a nucleation process in which protrusion and retraction of filopodia play a key role.« less

    20. EIS-0431: Hydrogen Energy California's Project, Kern County, California

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      This EIS evaluates the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to provide financial assistance for the construction and operation of Hydrogen Energy California's LLC project, which would produce and sell electricity, carbon dioxide and fertilizer. DOE selected this project for an award of financial assistance through a competitive process under the Clean Coal Power Initiative program.

    1. All-optical half-adder based on photonic mode junction Xianji Piao, Sunkyu Yu, and Namkyoo Park*

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Park, Namkyoo

      with the bi-level dynamic mode-conversion across the junction. 1. Introduction Junction structures, which is the core building block for the Arithmetic Logic Unit. Different with previous works in the photonic domain conversion. 2. Design Strategy and Results Fig. 1. Multi-junction realization of monolithic half-adder; (a

    2. MODELING OF TRIPLE JUNCTION A-SI SOLAR CELLS USING ASA: ANALYSIS OF DEVICE PERFORMANCE UNDER VARIOUS FAILURE SCENARIOS

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Deng, Xunming

      solar cells and/or the comparison of these predicted results with real multi-junction devices have beenMODELING OF TRIPLE JUNCTION A-SI SOLAR CELLS USING ASA: ANALYSIS OF DEVICE PERFORMANCE UNDER, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606 ABSTRACT Triple junction a-Si solar cells have been modeled

    3. Nanobonding for Multi-Junction Solar Cells at Room Temperature T. Yu, M. M. R. Howlader*, F. Zhang, M. Bakr

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Howlader, Matiar R

      Nanobonding for Multi-Junction Solar Cells at Room Temperature T. Yu, M. M. R. Howlader*, F. Zhang of the interfacial properties of Si/GaAs indicates its potential use on the fabrication of multi-junction solar cells types of solar cells being studied, semiconductor multi-junction solar cells are gaining special

    4. Cooperative Research between NREL and Solar Junction Corp: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-08-306

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Friedman, D.

      2015-03-01

      NREL and Solar Junction Corp. will perform cooperative research on materials and devices that are alternatives to standard approaches with the goal of improving solar cell efficiency while lowering cost. The general purpose of this work is to model the performance of a multi-junction concentrator cell of Solar Junction, Inc. design under normal concentrator operating conditions.

    5. California Energy Commission ADOPTED REGULATIONS

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      and Energy Division 2. State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission Chapter 4. Energy Resources Code Section 25402.10, for disclosing energy use data and ENERGY STAR® Energy Performance ScoresCalifornia Energy Commission ADOPTED REGULATIONS FEBRUARY 2013 CEC-400-2010-004-CMF

    6. University of California Los Angeles

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Ghoniem, Nasr M.

      University of California Los Angeles Dislocation-Based Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Modelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.1.1 Fundamental Theory of Plasticity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.2 Crystal Plasticity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3.2.1 Crystal Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 3.2.2 Crystal Plasticity

    7. Hugh Rudnick California Crisis Influences

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

      Hugh Rudnick California Crisis Influences Further Reforms in Latin America The electric energy in 1994, and the Central American countries in 1997. Brazil also joined the group, and Venezuela, Mexico, education and health, creating competitive energy mar- kets to incorporate the private sector was seen

    8. CALIFORNIA ALTERNATIVE FUELS MARKET ASSESSMENT

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      , natural gas vehicles, propane vehicles, electric vehicles, ethanol fuel, E-85, biodiesel, Fischer a current snapshot of the alternative fuel development and commercial vehicle status. This current update the baseline of alternative fuel development and use in California by identifying vehicles, market niche

    9. RISA DOCUMENTS CALIFORNIA APPLICATIONS PROGRAM

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Colorado at Boulder, University of

      system (days to months lead times) for water resources management, and in particular reservoir management for drought assessment and monitoring, within the state and for dealing with waters that cross state boundaries. He is also working with the California Energy Commission and other state agencies in an effort

    10. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, RISK MANAGEMENT

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      de Lijser, Peter

      CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT January 2008 OFFICE OF UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT CP-320 714-278-7346 #12;2006 ­ 2007 Risk Management Annual Report Page 2 I. Executive Summary A. Program Cost One method to assess the effectiveness of the University's risk management

    11. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, RISK MANAGEMENT

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      de Lijser, Peter

      CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & INSTRUCTIONAL SAFETY 2009 ANNUAL REPORTS #12;2009 Annual Report Page 2 RISK MANAGEMENT I. Program Cost One method to assess the effectiveness of the University's risk management program is to compare the annual cost

    12. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, RISK MANAGEMENT

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      de Lijser, Peter

      CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT November 2006 OFFICE OF UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT LH-806C 714-278-7346 #12;2005 ­ 2006 Risk Management Annual Report Page 2 I. Executive Summary A. Program Cost One method to assess the effectiveness of the University's risk management

    13. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, RISK MANAGEMENT

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      de Lijser, Peter

      CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT 2003-04 ANNUAL REPORT OFFICE OF UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT #12;2 I. Introduction "Of course you have to go out on a limb sometimes, that's where the best outcome in a changing environment, is the essence of risk management.3 This Report was developed

    14. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, RISK MANAGEMENT

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      de Lijser, Peter

      CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT November 2005 OFFICE OF UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT LH-806C 714-278-7346 #12;2004 ­ 2005 Risk Management Annual Report Page 2 I. Introduction The Office of University Risk Management provides resources, advice and training that allow

    15. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, RISK MANAGEMENT

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      de Lijser, Peter

      CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT 2010 ANNUAL REPORT #12;2010 Annual Report Page 2 I. Program Cost One method to assess the effectiveness of the University's risk management,538 $ 197,196 TOTAL Risk Management Costs $ 4,675,390 $ 4,541,975 $ 3,764,749 $ 3,703,959 $ 4

    16. Energy Prices and California's Economic

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Sadoulet, Elisabeth

      months, with national unemployment at 25 year highs, retail U.S. gasoline prices have risen 40 percent1 Energy Prices and California's Economic Security David RolandHolst October, 2009 on Energy Prices, Renewables, Efficiency, and Economic Growth: Scenarios and Forecasts, financial support

    17. California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      , Statutes of 1997) requires retail electricity providers to disclose quarterly and annual fuel mix the mix of electricity fuel and technology types of the retail suppliers' sources of power and includes to disclose total California system electricity, which is the sum of all in-state generation and net

    18. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Santa Barbara

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Keller, Arturo A.

      and environmental profession. #12;vi Vita of MELVIN ROBERT WILLIS January 2003 EDUCATION Bachelor of ArtsUNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Santa Barbara STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY AIR TOXICS for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Environmental Science and Management by Melvin Robert Willis Committee

    19. University of California Lawrence Livermore

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      University of California Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory John Lindl - LLNL Fusion Energy Program Leader *This work was performed under the auspices of the U. S. Department of Energy by Lawrence and the Inertial Fusion Energy Program #12;Outline of Talk · The National Ignition Facility (NIF) · Indirect Drive

    20. California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      energy, gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, ethanol, E85, propane, biodiesel, transportation fuel demand, demandCalifornia Energy Commission STAFF REPORT TRANSPORTATION FUEL PRICE CASES AND DEMAND SCENARIOS methods and inputs to be used for preparing long-term transportation energy demand scenarios. Price

    1. University of California, Santa Barbara

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      ;2 #12;3 Emergency Operations Plan (EOP) Table of Contents Plan Maintenance, Distribution and Revision0 University of California, Santa Barbara 07/10/2013 UCSBEmergencyOperationsPlan #12;1 #12 ..................................... 11 II. Management of Emergency Operations......................................... 13 - 16 a

    2. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Santa Barbara

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      California at Santa Barbara, University of

      UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Santa Barbara Automated Microtubule Tracking and Analysis A dissertation March 2006 #12;Automated Microtubule Tracking and Analysis Copyright c 2006 by Motaz El-Saban iii #12;To Zuliani, Sitaram Bhagavaty, Xinding Sun, Dimitry Fedorov, Jiyun Biyun, Tapas Manna, Dr. Kristian Kvilekval

    3. NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Wildermuth, Mary C

      switchgrass and Miscanthus (left) to develop sustainably produced biofuels at the Energy Biosciences Institute. Story on page 16. The NeW gridPlugging Into California's Clean- Energy Future #12;ONLINE 4 LETTER FROM of renewable energy are widely accepted, but policy implemen- tation -- hooking it all up to a grid designed

    4. UNIVERSITY of CALIFORNIA Santa Barbara

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Hespanha, Joăo Pedro

      with Andy. Nathan introduce me to the tracking problem discussed in Chapter 7 during his sabbatical at UCSB, and Spedieh and my bother in laws, Alireza and Arta. I want to acknowledge my aunt Nosrat and her family who of Southern California, 2001 - 2002. R&D Engineer Heating Company, Iran, 1998 - 2000. R&D Engineer Sazeh

    5. Contactless electronic transport in a bio-molecular junction

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Hossain, Faruque M., E-mail: fhossain@unimelb.edu.au; Al-Dirini, Feras; Skafidas, Efstratios [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Parkville 3010 (Australia); Center for Neural Engineering (CfNE), The University of Melbourne, Parkville 3010 (Australia)

      2014-07-28

      Molecular electronics hold promise for next generation ultra-low power, nano-scale integrated electronics. The main challenge in molecular electronics is to make a reliable interface between molecules and metal electrodes. Interfacing metals and molecules detrimentally affects the characteristics of nano-scale molecular electronic devices. It is therefore essential to investigate alternative arrangements such as contact-less tunneling gaps wherever such configurations are feasible. We conduct ab initio density functional theory and non-equilibrium Green's functions calculations to investigate the transport properties of a biocompatible glycine molecular junction. By analyzing the localized molecular orbital energy distributions and transmission probabilities in the transport-gap, we find a glycine molecule confined between two gold electrodes, without making a contact, is energetically stable and possesses high tunneling current resembling an excellent ohmic-like interface.

    6. Chemical Fabrication of Heterometallic Nanogaps for Molecular Transport Junctions

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Chen, Xiaodong; Yeganeh, Sina; Qin, Lidong; Li, Shuzhou; Xue, Can; Braunschweig, Adam B.; Schatz, George C.; Ratner, Mark A.; Mirkin, Chad A.

      2009-01-01

      We report a simple and reproducible method for fabricating heterometallic nanogaps, which are made of two different metal nanorods separated by a nanometer-sized gap. The method is based upon on-wire lithography, which is a chemically enabled technique used to synthesize a wide variety of nanowire-based structures (e.g., nanogaps and disk arrays). This method can be used to fabricate pairs of metallic electrodes, which exhibit distinct work functions and are separated by gaps as small as 2 nm. Furthermore, we demonstrate that a symmetric thiol-terminated molecule can be assembled into such heterometallic nanogaps to form molecular transport junctions (MTJs) that exhibit molecular diode behavior. Theoretical calculations demonstrate that the coupling strength between gold and sulfur (Au-S) is 2.5 times stronger than that of Pt-S. In addition, the structures form Raman hot spots in the gap, allowing the spectroscopic characterization of the molecules that make up the MTJs.

    7. Stability of winding cosmic wall lattices with X type junctions

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Brandon Carter

      2009-11-30

      This work confirms the stability of a class of domain wall lattice models that can produce accelerated cosmological expansion, with pressure to density ratio $w=-1/3$ at early times, and with $w=-2/3$ at late times when the lattice scale becomes large compared to the wall thickness. For walls of tension $T_{I}$, the relevant X type junctions could be unstable (for a sufficiently acute intersection angle $\\alpha$) against separation into a pair of Y type junctions joined by a compound wall, only if the tension $T_{II}$ of the latter were less than $2T_{I}$ (and for an approximately right-angled intersection if it were less that $\\sqrt{2} T_{I}$) which can not occur in the class considered here. In an extensive category of multicomponent scalar field models of forced harmonic (linear or non-linear) type it is shown how the relevant tension -- which is the same as the surface energy density $U$ of the wall -- can be calculated as the minimum (geodesic) distance between the relevant vacuum states as measured on the space of field values $\\Phi^i$ using a positive definite (Riemannian) energy metric $dU^2=\\tilde G_{ij} d\\Phi^i d\\Phi^j$ that is obtained from the usual kinetic metric (which is flat for a model with ordinary linear kinetic part) by application of a conformal factor proportional to the relevant potential function $V$. For suitably periodic potential functions there will be corresponding periodic configurations -- with parallel walls characterised by incrementation of a winding number -- in which the condition for stability of large scale bunching modes is shown to be satisfied automatically. It is suggested that such a configuration -- with a lattice lengthscale comparable to intergalactic separation distances -- might have been produced by a late stage of cosmological inflation.

    8. California Hydrogen Infrastructure Project

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Edward C. Heydorn

      2013-03-12

      Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. has completed a comprehensive, multiyear project to demonstrate a hydrogen infrastructure in California. The specific primary objective of the project was to demonstrate a model of a ���¢��������real-world���¢������� retail hydrogen infrastructure and acquire sufficient data within the project to assess the feasibility of achieving the nation���¢��������s hydrogen infrastructure goals. The project helped to advance hydrogen station technology, including the vehicle-to-station fueling interface, through consumer experiences and feedback. By encompassing a variety of fuel cell vehicles, customer profiles and fueling experiences, this project was able to obtain a complete portrait of real market needs. The project also opened its stations to other qualified vehicle providers at the appropriate time to promote widespread use and gain even broader public understanding of a hydrogen infrastructure. The project engaged major energy companies to provide a fueling experience similar to traditional gasoline station sites to foster public acceptance of hydrogen. Work over the course of the project was focused in multiple areas. With respect to the equipment needed, technical design specifications (including both safety and operational considerations) were written, reviewed, and finalized. After finalizing individual equipment designs, complete station designs were started including process flow diagrams and systems safety reviews. Material quotes were obtained, and in some cases, depending on the project status and the lead time, equipment was placed on order and fabrication began. Consideration was given for expected vehicle usage and station capacity, standard features needed, and the ability to upgrade the station at a later date. In parallel with work on the equipment, discussions were started with various vehicle manufacturers to identify vehicle demand (short- and long-term needs). Discussions included identifying potential areas most suited for hydrogen fueling stations with a focus on safe, convenient, fast-fills. These potential areas were then compared to and overlaid with suitable sites from various energy companies and other potential station operators. Work continues to match vehicle needs with suitable fueling station locations. Once a specific site was identified, the necessary agreements could be completed with the station operator and expected station users. Detailed work could then begin on the site drawings, permits, safety procedures and training needs. Permanent stations were successfully installed in Irvine (delivered liquid hydrogen), Torrance (delivered pipeline hydrogen) and Fountain Valley (renewable hydrogen from anaerobic digester gas). Mobile fueling stations were also deployed to meet short-term fueling needs in Long Beach and Placerville. Once these stations were brought online, infrastructure data was collected and reported to DOE using Air Products���¢�������� Enterprise Remote Access Monitoring system. Feedback from station operators was incorporated to improve the station user���¢��������s fueling experience.

    9. State of California Website Trends 2008-2010

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Seneca, Tracy

      2010-01-01

      Food and Agriculture  UC Davis  UC San  Diego  Agency  California Emergency Management Agency   (was Governor's Office of Emergency Services)  California Integrated Waste Waste Management  … Office of the Inspector General State Treasurer State Bar of California California State Science Fair California Department of Food and 

    10. Improved method of preparing p-i-n junctions in amorphous silicon semiconductors

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Madan, A.

      1984-12-10

      A method of preparing p/sup +/-i-n/sup +/ junctions for amorphous silicon semiconductors includes depositing amorphous silicon on a thin layer of trivalent material, such as aluminum, indium, or gallium at a temperature in the range of 200/sup 0/C to 250/sup 0/C. At this temperature, the layer of trivalent material diffuses into the amorphous silicon to form a graded p/sup +/-i junction. A layer of n-type doped material is then deposited onto the intrinsic amorphous silicon layer in a conventional manner to finish forming the p/sup +/-i-n/sup +/ junction.

    11. Reduced low frequency noise in electron beam evaporated MgO magnetic tunnel junctions

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Diao, Z.; Feng, J. F.; Kurt, H.; Feng, G.; Coey, J. M. D. [CRANN and School of Physics, Trinity College, Dublin 2 (Ireland)

      2010-05-17

      We compare low frequency noise in magnetic tunnel junctions with MgO barriers prepared by electron-beam evaporation with those prepared by radiofrequency sputtering, both showing a high tunneling magnetoresistance. The normalized noise parameter in the parallel state of junctions with evaporated barriers is at least one order of magnitude lower than that in junctions with sputtered barriers, and exhibits a weaker bias dependence. The lowest normalized noise is in the 10{sup -11} mum{sup 2} range. A lower density of oxygen vacancies acting as charge trap states in the evaporated MgO is responsible for the lower noise.

    12. Realistic-contact-induced enhancement of rectifying in carbon-nanotube/graphene-nanoribbon junctions

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Zhang, Xiang-Hua [School of Physics and Microelectronics Science, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Department of Electrical and Information Engineering, Hunan Institute of Engineering, Xiangtan 411101 (China); Li, Xiao-Fei, E-mail: xfli@theochem.kth.se [School of Optoelectronic Information, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, Sichuan 610054 (China); Wang, Ling-Ling, E-mail: llwang@hnu.edu.cn; Xu, Liang; Luo, Kai-Wu [School of Physics and Microelectronics Science, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China)

      2014-03-10

      Carbon-nanotube/graphene-nanoribbon junctions were recently fabricated by the controllable etching of single-walled carbon-nanotubes [Wei et al., Nat. Commun. 4, 1374 (2013)] and their electronic transport properties were studied here. First principles results reveal that the transmission function of the junctions show a heavy dependence on the shape of contacts, but rectifying is an inherent property which is insensitive to the details of contacts. Interestingly, the rectifying ratio is largely enhanced in the junction with a realistic contact and the enhancement is insensitive to the details of contact structures. The stability of rectifying suggests a significant feasibility to manufacture realistic all-carbon rectifiers in nanoelectronics.

    13. Formation of Porous Layers by Electrochemical Etching of Germanium and Gallium Arsenide for Cleave Engineered Layer Transfer (CELT) Application in High Efficiency Multi-Junction Solar Cells

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Fong, David Michael

      2012-01-01

      Motivation Multi-junction (MJ) solar cells show particular promise as a future clean renewable energy

    14. Aberration-corrected transmission electron microscopy analyses of GaAs/Si interfaces in wafer-bonded multi-junction solar cells

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

      -bonded multi-junction solar cells Dietrich Häussler a , Lothar Houben b , Stephanie Essig c , Mert Kurttepeli online 20 July 2013 Keywords: Multi-junction solar cell Wafer bonding Interfaces Aberration corrected and composition fluctuations near interfaces in wafer-bonded multi-junction solar cells. Multi-junction solar

    15. Ocean fronts in the Southern California Current System and their role in structuring zooplankton distributions, diel vertical migration, and size composition

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Powell, Jesse Russell

      California Current System. California Cooperative Oceanicsystem. Oceanic fronts, particularly within boundary currentCalifornia Current System. California Cooperative Oceanic

    16. Southern/Northern California Coastal Processes Annotated Bibliography: Coast of California Storm and Tidal Waves Study

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      US Army Corps of Engineers, Los Angeles District, Planning Division, Coastal Resources Branch

      1987-01-01

      tsunami and slope stability studies at the site for the San Onofre Nucleartsunamis California, South Coast Region, Subregion VIII, Subregion IX San Onofre Nucleartsunamis, coastal structures, wave climate California, San Diego Region, Subregion X, Oceanside Cell San Onofre Nuclear

    17. California’s Energy Future: The View to 2050 - Summary Report

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Yang, Christopher

      2011-01-01

      Power (CSP) Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Geothermal Hydro andpower and the assumption that California’s large hydropower, this can be waste water as is used at The Geysers. Hydro and

    18. Local and synoptic mechanisms causing Southern California’s Santa Ana winds

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Hughes, Mimi; Hall, Alex

      2010-01-01

      California’s Santa Ana winds Oceans (Fig. 2). The timem s -1 ) Fig. 4 a Average winds for the Santa Ana cluster,2006). Arrows show total wind, color contours show wind

    19. California’s Energy Future: The View to 2050 - Summary Report

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Yang, Christopher

      2011-01-01

      The renewables case is 100% renewable energy. The additionalthat all cases have at least 33% renewable energy in the33% renewable energy, i.e. the “median case. ” California’s

    20. Protecting Solar Rights in California Through an Exploration of the California Water Doctrine

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Fedman, Anna

      2011-01-01

      New Rights in Western Waters.  Lincoln: University of Arthur L. , and Eric L.  Garner.  California Water II.  Managing California's Water.  San Francisco, CA: Public 

    1. Estimating the Distribution of Lifetime Cumulative Radon Exposures for California Residents: A Brief Summary

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Liu, K.-S.

      2008-01-01

      Program Air & Industrial Hygiene Laboratory CaliforniaProgram, Air & Industrial Hygiene Laboratory, California

    2. The Giannini Foundation and the Welfare of California Agriculturists in a Changing State, Nation and World

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Rausser, Gordon C.

      2009-01-01

      California’s water shortage, which will intensify as population growth continues or as temporary droughts

    3. NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL Monterey, California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      #12;Thesis F2lJ6 NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL Monterey, California THESIS AN ANALYSIS OF HYPERSPECTRAL;DUDLEY K~OX LlRRARY NAVAL -0 SCHOOL MONTE"ev C.A ;:I3~~5101 #12;5. FlJNDING NUMBERS 8, PERFOR"TE IN SYSTEMS TF.CHNOLOGY (SPACE SYSTEMS OPERATJONS) from the NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL J. . . . Matthew

    4. Recovery Act State Memos California

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy BillsNo. 195 - Oct. 7,DOERTI | Department8Recovery ActCalifornia For

    5. Solar Goes Big: Launching the California Valley Solar Ranch ...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Solar Goes Big: Launching the California Valley Solar Ranch Solar Goes Big: Launching the California Valley Solar Ranch October 31, 2013 - 4:14pm Addthis The California Valley...

    6. Water Availability and Subsidence in California's Central Valley

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Faunt, Claudia C.; Sneed, Michelle

      2015-01-01

      DE, Swain LA. 1989. Ground-water flow in the Central Valley,California Department of Water Resources. 2015. CaliforniaCalifornia Department of Water Resources. [cited 2015 Sep

    7. Water Requirements for Future Energy production in California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Sathaye, J.A.

      2011-01-01

      of fresh in California for power could plant require coolingCapacity in California for 1985 Power Plant Type Electricityfor the mix of power plants the California pro;ected by the

    8. California's Greenhouse Gas Policies: Local Solutions to a Global Problem?

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Bushnell, Jim B; Peterman, Carla Joy; Wolfram, Catherine D

      2007-01-01

      end-users in California. All power plants from whom theseCalifornia could cover its baseload power needs from clean plantsCalifornia that takes delivery of power generated by a plant

    9. SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON Leading the Way in Electricity

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON Leading the Way in Electricity 1 Southern California Edison Leading the Way in Electricity 1 Distributed Energy Resource 21, 2013 #12;SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON Leading the Way in Electricity 2

    10. CLIMATE CHANGE AND SEA LEVEL RISE SCENARIOS FOR CALIFORNIA

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      CLIMATE CHANGE AND SEA LEVEL RISE SCENARIOS FOR CALIFORNIA VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION ASSESSMENT A White Paper from the California Energy Commission's California Climate Change Center for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison and the World Climate Research Program (WCRP) Working Group

    11. The role of biomass in California's hydrogen economy

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Parker, Nathan C; Ogden, Joan; Fan, Yueyue

      2009-01-01

      Forecasts of California transportation energy demand, 2003–future transportation energy needs of California. The costCalifornia could provide 335 petaJ (1 petajoule Ľ 1 PJ Ľ 10 15 J) of hydrogen energy for transportation

    12. NOTICE OF DECISION BY THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION To: California Resources Agency

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      916 alifornia. NOTICE OF DECISION BY THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION To: California Resources Resources Code Section 21080.5 and Title 20, California Code of Regulations, Section 1768 Project Name cogeneration steam to aid in an enhanced oil recovery proc certified by the Energy Commission ,in May 1987, has

    13. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: www.energy.ca.gov Notice of Availability 2011 Integrated Energy Policy Report [CEC-100-2011-001-CMF / Docket # 11-IEP-1] The 2011

    14. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: www.energy.ca.gov Notice of Availability Overall Program Guidebook for the Renewable Energy Program, Fourth Edition Publication No. CEC-300

    15. NOTICE OF DECISION BY THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION To: California Resources Agency

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      NOTICE OF DECISION BY THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION To: California Resources Agency 1416 9th Street, Room 1311 From: California Energy Commission 1516 9th Street, MS-2000 Sacramento, CA 95814 Sacramento, CA 95814 Subject: Filing of Notice of Decision in compliance with Public Resources Code Section

    16. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: www.energy.ca.gov Notice of Availability Developing Renewable Generation on State Property Installing Renewable Energy on State Buildings

    17. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      STATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY as eligible renewable energy resources for the RPS and describes how the Energy Commission tracks and verifies COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: www.energy.ca.gov Notice

    18. STATE OF CALIFORNIA THE RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Manager California Energy Commission 1516 9th Street, MS 2000 Sacramento, CA 95814 Comments may are routinely monitored with a continuous emission monitoring system. An averaging time requirement is standardSTATE OF CALIFORNIA THE RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY

    19. This article was downloaded by:[Univ of California Library] [Univ of California Library

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Cohen, Ronald C.

      , formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shallThis article was downloaded by:[Univ of California Library] [Univ of California Library] On: 21 May. © Taylor and Francis 2007 #12;DownloadedBy:[UnivofCaliforniaLibrary]At:19:4921May2007 Molecular Physics

    20. This article was downloaded by:[Univ of California Library] [Univ of California Library

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Cohen, Ronald C.

      , formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shallThis article was downloaded by:[Univ of California Library] [Univ of California Library] On: 21 May. © Taylor and Francis 2007 #12;DownloadedBy:[UnivofCaliforniaLibrary]At:19:3921May2007 Molecular Physics

    1. Nanopillar Photovoltaics: Photon Management and Junction Engineering for Next-Generation Solar Cells

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Mariani, Giacomo

      2013-01-01

      photovoltaics: cohesive optical and electrical investigation of the complete solarphotovoltaics represents an emerging alternative to standard solarPhotovoltaics: Photon Management and Junction Engineering for Next-Generation Solar

    2. EFFECT OF PREPARATION PARAMETERS ON LIGHT SENSITIVITY IN SUPERCONDUCTIVE TUNNEL JUNCTIONS

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Paris-Sud XI, Université de

      , Italy Résumé. 2014 Des jonctions « tunnel » supraconductrices utilisant du sulfure de cadmium et du al. [17] have considered semiconductor barriers for low capacitance tunnel junctions. Light can be depo- sited in ultra high vacuum systems without fear of contamination. Work

    3. Device characterization for design optimization of 4 junction inverted metamorphic concentrator solar cells

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Geisz, John F.; France, Ryan M.; Steiner, Myles A.; Friedman, Daniel J.; García, Iván

      2014-09-26

      Quantitative electroluminescence (EL) and luminescent coupling (LC) analysis, along with more conventional characterization techniques, are combined to completely characterize the subcell JV curves within a fourjunction (4J) inverted metamorphic solar cell (IMM). The 4J performance under arbitrary spectral conditions can be predicted from these subcell JV curves. The internal radiative efficiency (IRE) of each junction has been determined as a function of current density from the external radiative efficiency using optical modeling, but this required the accurate determination of the individual junction current densities during the EL measurement as affected by LC. These measurement and analysis techniques can be applied to any multijunction solar cell. The 4J IMM solar cell used to illustrate these techniques showed excellent junction quality as exhibited by high IRE and a one-sun AM1.5D efficiency of 36.3%. This device operates up to 1000 suns without limitations due to any of the three tunnel junctions.

    4. Highly efficient organic multi-junction solar cells with a thiophene based donor material

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Meerheim, Rico Körner, Christian; Leo, Karl

      2014-08-11

      The efficiency of organic solar cells can be increased by serial stacked subcells even upon using the same absorber material. For the multi-junction devices presented here, we use the small molecule donor material DCV5T-Me. The subcell currents were matched by optical transfer matrix simulation, allowing an efficiency increase from 8.3% for a single junction up to 9.7% for a triple junction cell. The external quantum efficiency of the subcells, measured under appropriate light bias illumination, is spectrally shifted due to the microcavity of the complete stack, resulting in a broadband response and an increased cell current. The increase of the power conversion efficiency upon device stacking is even stronger for large area cells due to higher influence of the resistance of the indium tin oxide anode, emphasizing the advantage of multi-junction devices for large-area applications.

    5. A market analysis for high efficiency multi-junction solar cells grown on SiGe

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Judkins, Zachara Steele

      2007-01-01

      Applications, markets and a cost model are presented for III-V multi-junction solar cells built on compositionally graded SiGe buffer layers currently being developed by professors Steven Ringell of Ohio State University ...

    6. Back to the crossroads of Flatbush--the junction--student housing for Brooklyn College

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Campbell, Keith A. (Keith Anthony)

      1988-01-01

      The crossroads of Flatbush (often called The Junction) is a five point intersection of vehicular and pedestrian traffic. A crossroad where ethnic groups step beyond subtle neighborhood boundaries and merge to use public ...

    7. Spin-polarized tunneling in MgO-based tunnel junctions with superconducting electrodes

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Schebaum, Oliver

      We prepared magnetic tunnel junctions with one ferromagnetic and one superconducting Al–Si electrode. Pure cobalt electrodes were compared with a Co–Fe–B alloy and the Heusler compound Co[subscript 2]FeAl. The polarization ...

    8. Direct imaging of coherent quantum transport in graphene p?n?p junctions

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Herbschleb, E. D.; Puddy, R. K.; Marconcini, P.; Griffiths, J. P.; Jones, G. A. C.; Macucci, M.; Smith, C. G.; Connolly, M. R.

      2015-09-11

      We use electrostatic lithography to fabricate a graphene p-n-p junction and exploit the coherence of weakly confined Dirac quasiparticles to image the underlying scattering potential using low-temperature scanning gate microscopy. The tip...

    9. Compound Josephson-junction coupler for flux qubits with minimal crosstalk

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Harris, R.; Lanting, T.; Berkley, A. J.; Johansson, J.; Johnson, M. W.; Bunyk, P.; Ladizinsky, E.; Oh, T.; Han, Siyuan

      2009-08-20

      An improved tunable coupling element for building networks of coupled rf-superconducting quantum interference device (rf-SQUID) flux qubits has been experimentally demonstrated. This new form of coupler, based on the compound Josephson-junction rf...

    10. 0.7-eV GaInAs Junction for a GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs(1eV)/GaInAs(0.7eV) Four-Junction Solar Cell

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Friedman, D. J.; Geisz, J. F.; Norman, A. G.; Wanlass, M. W.; Kurtz, S. R.

      2006-01-01

      We discuss recent developments in III-V multijunction solar cells, focusing on adding a fourth junction to the Ga{sub 0.5}In{sub 0.5} P/GaAs/Ga{sub 0.75}In{sub 0.25}As inverted three-junction cell. This cell, grown inverted on GaAs so that the lattice-mismatched Ga{sub 0.75}In{sub 0.25}As third junction is the last one grown, has demonstrated 38% efficiency, and 40% is likely in the near future. To achieve still further gains, a lower-bandgap Ga{sub x}In{sub 1-x}As fourth junction could be added to the three-junction structure for a four-junction cell whose efficiency could exceed 45% under concentration. Here, we present the initial development of the Ga{sub x}In{sub 1-x}As fourth junction. Junctions of various bandgaps ranging from 0.88 to 0.73 eV were grown, in order to study the effect of the different amounts of lattice mismatch. At a bandgap of 0.88 eV, junctions were obtained with very encouraging {approx}80% quantum efficiency, 57% fill factor, and 0.36 eV open-circuit voltage. The device performance degrades with decreasing bandgap (i.e., increasing lattice mismatch). We model the four-junction device efficiency vs. fourth junction bandgap to show that an 0.7-eV fourth-junction bandgap, while optimal if it could be achieved in practice, is not necessary; an 0.9-eV bandgap would still permit significant gains in multijunction cell efficiency while being easier to achieve than the lower-bandgap junction.

    11. Improving the Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates from the Combustion of Fossil Fuels in California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      de la Rue du Can, Stephane

      2010-01-01

      and sector. In California, the transport sector is by farAbout 95% of California’s 2000 transport-sector residualair transport, CALEB estimated that 39.9% of California’s

    12. ANALYSIS OF THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY INDUSTRY

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Authors, Various

      2010-01-01

      TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES Crude oil pipeline Oil tanker Oiland Demand. Schedule of Crude Oil Supply and Demand Scenariowithin California of both crude oil and natural gas in the

    13. ,"California Natural Gas LNG Storage Additions (MMcf)"

      U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

      Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Natural Gas LNG Storage Additions (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2014 ,"Release Date:","9302015" ,"Next Release...

    14. ,"California Natural Gas LNG Storage Withdrawals (MMcf)"

      U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

      Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Natural Gas LNG Storage Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2014 ,"Release Date:","9302015" ,"Next Release...

    15. Waveform Relocated Earthquake Catalog for Southern California...

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      Waveform Relocated Earthquake Catalog for Southern California (1981 to June 2011) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Waveform...

    16. California Energy Demand Scenario Projections to 2050

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

      2008-01-01

      annual per-capita electricity consumption by demand15 California electricity consumption projections by demandannual per-capita electricity consumption by demand

    17. The Metropolitan Water District of Southern California

      Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

      ERcomments@hq.doe.gov Comments on the Department of Energy's Quadrennial Energy Review: Water-Energy Nexus The Metropolitan Water District of Southern California (Metropolitan) is...

    18. Fish Bulletin No. 96. California Fishing Ports

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Scofield, W L

      1953-01-01

      BULLETIN No. 96 California Fishing Ports By W. L. SCOFIELDof the more important fishing ports FOREWORD The purpose ofbrief notes on its sport fishing opportunities. Notes were

    19. California's Efforts for Advancing Ultrafine Particle Number...

      Energy Savers [EERE]

      Sacramento, California 1 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS TSI Inc. Kindly provided the EEPS 3090, 3010D, and 3786 for the study. CARB Emissions Laboratory Staff Mr. Keshav Sahay, Mr. John...

    20. California - Establishing Transmission Project Review Streamlining...

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      California - Establishing Transmission Project Review Streamlining Directives Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance -...

    1. University Roles in Technological Innovation in California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      King, C. Judson

      2007-01-01

      Roles in Technological Innovation Eyal Press and JenniferROLES IN TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION IN CALIFORNIA 1 May 2007through technological innovation and the formation of

    2. ,"California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production"

      U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

      Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals and Production",10,"Annual",2014,"06301967" ,"Release...

    3. Biodiversity Corridors in Alamo Creek, Vacaville, California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Urrechaga, Jose; Wei, Xinghan

      2012-01-01

      Troy Horn, Oct, 2003 4.   Alamo Creek final report, 2005Biodiversity Corridors in Alamo Creek, Vacaville, Californiain the city and uses Alamo Creek, in Vacaville, California,

    4. Researchers Model Impact of Aerosols Over California

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Impact of Aerosols Over California Research may clarify the effectiveness of regional pollution controls May 28, 2013 | Tags: Climate Research, Hopper Contact: Linda Vu,...

    5. Summit Location Announced: Hilton Anaheim, California

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      The 2014 SunShot Grand Challenge Summit will be held at the Hilton Anaheim in Anaheim, California from May 19-22.

    6. California/Transmission | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      San Diego Gas & Electric, Sacramento Municipal Utility District, PacifiCorp, Bonneville Power Administration, Transmission Agency of Northern California, and Western Area Power...

    7. California Water and the Rhetoric of Crisis

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Pollak, Josh

      2010-01-01

      planner specializing in water managment, and isinterested in California water policy and groundwaterBerkeley on conjunctive water management in the San Joaquin

    8. California's Electricity Crisis: A Market Apart?

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Bushnell, James

      2003-01-01

      California Wholesale Electricity Markets. ” Docket No. EL00-a Competitive Electricity Market. ” International EconomicS. , "The Trouble with Electricity Markets: Understanding

    9. Implementation of Title V in California

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Werner, B.; Cook, B.

      1996-12-31

      This presentation provides information on California`s Title V operating permit programs for stationary sources mandated by the 1990 Clean Air Act amendments. It covers background, applicability, regulatory history, requirements, and issues. In addition, specific information is provided on the progress of Title V implementation in California, including: the roles of implementing agencies, the status of district Title V programs, number and distribution of Title V sources, cost of Title V implementation, and highlights of Title V implementation in the State. The question and answer format is intended to facilitate easy access to specific information related to the Title V operating permit programs in California.

    10. Azita Emami: Department of Electrical Engineering, California...

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      Azita Emami: Department of Electrical Engineering, California Institute of Technology Dec 4, 2013 | 4:00 PM - 5:00 PM Azita Emami Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering,...

    11. California's Energy Future - The View to 2050

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      2011-01-01

      Coast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership: Source-Sinkfuel with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) wouldBoard CCS Carbon capture and sequestration CCST California

    12. California Real Estate Markets in 1992

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Kroll, Cynthia; Landis, John; Corley, Mary; Stryker, Sean

      1992-01-01

      of business and real estate interests with environ­Report Center for Real Estate and Urban Economics •Berkeley • April California Real Estate Markets In 1992 In

    13. Competitive ancillary service procurement in California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Khavkin, Mark

      2000-01-01

      Competitive Ancillary Service Procurement in CaliforniaISO System Responsibility Balanced Schedules Ancillary BidsEnergy Ancillary Bids Transmission Loads Generation Bids

    14. The Adjustment Center: California's Prisons within Prisons

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Hollander, Lynne S.

      1971-01-01

      for safe custody of prisoners, but one which can causeTHE "ADJUSTMENT CENTER"" CALIFORNIA'S PRISONSWITHIN PRISONS By LYNNE S. HOLLANDER S. HOLLANDER is a

    15. California's Energy Future - The View to 2050

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      2011-01-01

      California has ample in-state renewable resources that canis predominantly intermittent renewable power, using naturalload balancing 4 Assuming renewable are limited to 33% of

    16. California's Energy Future - The View to 2050

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      2011-01-01

      nuclear technology. 17 “Nuclear Power in Sweden. ” Feb.issue for expanding nuclear power in California, but wouldwhole world expands nuclear power. Water for cooling nuclear

    17. California's Energy Future - The View to 2050

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      2011-01-01

      Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) Fuel fromJoint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis LBNL LawrenceCenter for Artificial Photosynthesis, California Institute

    18. California/Transmission/Summary | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      projects5 Contacts for Agencies California Public Utilities Commission 505 Van Ness Avenue San Francisco, CA 84102 415-703-2782 Local governments - varied. See local...

    19. California: Next-Generation Geothermal Demonstration Launched...

      Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

      at the Newberry Volcano Calpine operates 15 plants at The Geysers in northwest California, which generate enough clean energy daily to power a city the size of San...

    20. Santa Barbara County, California Data Dashboard | Department...

      Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

      The data dashboard for Santa Barbara County, California, a partner in the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program. Santa Barbara County Data Dashboard More Documents & Publications...

    1. California Energy Commissioner Carla Peterman and James

      Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

      California Energy Commissioner Carla Peterman and James Bartridge (CEC) discuss electric vehicle technologies with Fraser Murison Smith (right) of i-GATE NEST client, Elec-...

    2. California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle...

    3. Northern California: Innovative Exploration Technologies Yield...

      Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

      implications for other geothermal-rich regions of California-Coso, Salton Sea, and Medicine Lake. The project faced down barriers to bring commercial increases at unproductive...

    4. ANALYSIS OF THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY INDUSTRY

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Authors, Various

      2010-01-01

      we select three alternative energy futures for California inwith the ~J -xi- alternative energy futures in order toassess the impacts of alternative energy futures. In later

    5. Renewable Hydrogen From Wind in California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Bartholomy, Obadiah

      2005-01-01

      Suitability for Hydrogen Production in the Sacramento Area” Renewable Energy  for Hydrogen Production in Californiamodel of renewable hydrogen production in California, which

    6. Constitutional Reform in California: The Surprising Divides

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Binder, Mike; Frisby, Tammy; Kousser, Thad B

      2010-01-01

      Issue 2 Constitutional Reform in California: The Surprisingviews on constitutional reform than whites and African-and opposition to proposed reforms, such as the elimination

    7. El espańol en California: Pasado y futuro

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Murillo, Louis A

      2014-01-01

      Southwest) por su aspecto altamente urbano, su urbanismo.En el urbanismo de la vida y cultura del Sur de California,

    8. California's Energy Future - The View to 2050

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      2011-01-01

      new considerations of nuclear safety as a result of recentquestions about nuclear waste and safety. • If in additiona re-evaluation of nuclear power safety. ? ? California has

    9. ANALYSIS OF THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY INDUSTRY

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Authors, Various

      2010-01-01

      we select three alternative energy futures for California inwith the ~J -xi- alternative energy futures in order tothe impacts of alternative energy futures. In later sections

    10. California Small Hydropower and Ocean Wave Energy

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      California Small Hydropower and Ocean Wave Energy Resources IN SUPPORT OF THE 2005 INTEGRATED....................................................................................................................... 9 Ocean Wave Energy............................................................................................................. 20 Wave Energy Conversion Technology

    11. Single-junction solar cells with the optimum band gap for terrestrial concentrator applications

      DOE Patents [OSTI]

      Wanlass, Mark W. (Golden, CO)

      1994-01-01

      A single-junction solar cell having the ideal band gap for terrestrial concentrator applications. Computer modeling studies of single-junction solar cells have shown that the presence of absorption bands in the direct spectrum has the effect of "pinning" the optimum band gap for a wide range of operating conditions at a value of 1.14.+-.0.02 eV. Efficiencies exceeding 30% may be possible at high concentration ratios for devices with the ideal band gap.

    12. California Recovery Act State Memo | Department of Energy

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Act State Memo California Recovery Act State Memo California has substantial natural resources, including oil, gas, solar, wind, geothermal, and hydroelectric power. The...

    13. Analysis of the Energy Intensity of Industries in California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Can, Stephane de la Rue du

      2014-01-01

      L. Price, and M. McNeil. 2010. Energy Efficiency IndicatorsSathaye, J. , 2011. California Energy Balance Update andprepared for the California Energy Commission, (In press).

    14. California Central Valley Water Rights in a Changing Climate

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Schwarz, Andrew Mark

      2015-01-01

      contemplated to preserve stored water for critical periods.analysis in California water resources planning studies [California Department of Water Resources. [cited 2013 02

    15. California State Water Resources Control Board 401 Water Quality...

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      California State Water Resources Control Board 401 Water Quality Certification Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: California State...

    16. Energy Department Finalizes Loan Guarantee to Support California...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      to Support California Solar Generation Project Energy Department Finalizes Loan Guarantee to Support California Solar Generation Project September 30, 2011 - 3:15pm Addthis...

    17. California Department of Fish and Wildlife Environmental Review...

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      California Department of Fish and Wildlife Environmental Review and Permitting Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: California...

    18. California Desert Fish Farm Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal...

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      California Desert Fish Farm Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name California Desert Fish Farm Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal...

    19. California Department of Fish and Wildlife Consistency Determination...

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      California Department of Fish and Wildlife Consistency Determination Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: California Department of...

    20. EIS-0411: Transmission Agency of Northern California Transmission Project

      Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

      This EIS is for the Western Area Power Administration construction, operation, and maintenance of the proposed transmission agency of Northern California Transmission Project, California.

    1. Climate Change and Flood Operations in the Sacramento Basin, California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Willis, Ann D.; Lund, Jay R.; Townsley, Edwin S.; Faber, Beth A.

      2011-01-01

      on reservoir regulations for flood control. Sacramento (CA):2011 Climate Change and Flood Operations in the Sacramentoclimate is likely to hinder flood operations in California’s

    2. California Department of Conservation, Division of Oil, Gas,...

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      California Department of Conservation, Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name: California Department of Conservation, Division of Oil, Gas,...

    3. Climate, extreme heat, and electricity demand in California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Miller, N.L.

      2008-01-01

      warming and electricity demand: A study of California.Extreme Heat, and Electricity Demand in California Norman L.high temperature and electricity demand for air-conditioned

    4. ESTIMATING RISK TO CALIFORNIA ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE FROM PROJECTED CLIMATE CHANGE

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Sathaye, Jayant

      2011-01-01

      Climate change and electricity demand in California. ”Extreme Heat, and Electricity Demand in California. CEC-500-Future Residential Electricity Demand." Energy Institute at

    5. California and New Mexico: Sapphire Energy Advances the Commercializat...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      California and New Mexico: Sapphire Energy Advances the Commercialization of Algae Crude Oil California and New Mexico: Sapphire Energy Advances the Commercialization of Algae...

    6. DOE Selects Contractor for California Energy Technology Engineering...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      California Energy Technology Engineering Center Cleanup DOE Selects Contractor for California Energy Technology Engineering Center Cleanup June 26, 2014 - 12:00pm Addthis Media...

    7. PROJECT PROFILE: California Center for Sustainable Energy (Solar...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      California Center for Sustainable Energy (Solar Market Pathways) PROJECT PROFILE: California Center for Sustainable Energy (Solar Market Pathways) Title: Virtual Net Metering...

    8. Water Requirements for Future Energy production in California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Sathaye, J.A.

      2011-01-01

      PHASE I: SURVEY OF WATER IN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA:PRODUCTION STATE'S PERSPECTIVE. CALIFORNIA WATER RESOURCES.Water Demand Energy Supp

    9. Diagnosing Market Power in California's Deregulated Wholesale Electricity Market

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, James; Wolak, Frank

      1999-01-01

      Market Power in Electricity Markets: Beyond Concentrationin the California Electricity Markets," mimeo, University ofin the California Electricity Market." Mimeo. University of

    10. California Rural Communities, Farm worker Settlement and Citizenship Practices

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      2008-01-01

      2006 ¬ California Rural Communities, Farmworker SettlementGomez California Rural Communities, Farm worker Settlementfor participation in rural community’s political and civil

    11. Services Export Opportunities for California -- A Preliminary Assessment

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Bardhan, Ashok; Kroll, Cynthia A.

      2006-01-01

      J. Shatz. 2006. "Services Exports and the States: MeasuringServices Export Opportunities for California--A PreliminaryNovember 2006 Services Export Opportunities for California--

    12. World's Largest Concentrating Solar Power Plant Opens in California...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      World's Largest Concentrating Solar Power Plant Opens in California World's Largest Concentrating Solar Power Plant Opens in California February 19, 2014 - 12:00am Addthis Ivanpah,...

    13. Measuring Market Inefficiencies in California's Restructured Wholesale Electricity Market

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, Jim; Wolak, Frank A.

      2002-01-01

      in the California Power Exchange Energy Markets." Availableof the Governing Board of the California Power Exchange.was a member of the Power Exchange's Market Monitoring

    14. Development of Energy Balances for the State of California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

      2005-01-01

      of their power from the California Power Exchange. Thethat supplied the Power Exchange are not publicly disclosed.from the California Power Exchange. The sources of power

    15. Climate Change Effects on California Precipitation and Soil Moisture

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Berg, Neil

      2015-01-01

      on Wind Speeds and Wind Power over Southern California” AMSforecast fluctuations in wind power, to the extent thoseinterest in expanding wind power in California has prompted

    16. California Energy Incentive Programs An Annual Update on Key...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Energy Issues and Financial Opportunities for Federal Sites in California California Energy Incentive Programs An Annual Update on Key Energy Issues and Financial Opportunities...

    17. Ex Parte Meeting between DOE and California Energy Commission...

      Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

      The California Energy Commission (Energy Commission) expressed concern about the differences in the stringency of California standards and the proposed DOE standards. The Energy...

    18. Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel...

      Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

      trailer with the Energy Upgrade California logo and graphics painted on the side. With a goal of "energy efficiency or bust," the California Center for Sustainable Energy (CCSE)...

    19. The Bubble Has Burst - How Will California Fare?

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Jaffee, Dwight; Kroll, Cynthia

      2001-01-01

      energy supply system in California had affected both the cost andCalifornia’s major employers are not reliant on low cost energy (

    20. Santa Barbara County, California Summary of Reported Data | Department...

      Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

      data reported by Better Buildings Neighborhood Program partner Santa Barbara County, California. Santa Barbara County, California Summary of Reported Data More Documents &...

    1. California Customer Load Reductions during the Electricity Crisis...

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      California Customer Load Reductions during the Electricity Crisis: Did They Help to Keep the Lights On? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: California...

    2. California: Energy-Efficient Glass Saves Energy Costs, Increases...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      California: Energy-Efficient Glass Saves Energy Costs, Increases Personal Comfort California: Energy-Efficient Glass Saves Energy Costs, Increases Personal Comfort April 18, 2013 -...

    3. Fuel Cell Transit Bus Coordination and Evaluation Plan California...

      Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

      Bus Coordination and Evaluation Plan California Fuel Cell Transit Evaluation Team Fuel Cell Transit Bus Coordination and Evaluation Plan California Fuel Cell Transit Evaluation...

    4. Department of Energy Cites the University of California and Pacific...

      Office of Environmental Management (EM)

      the University of California and Pacific Data Electric, Inc., for Worker Safety and Health Program Violations Department of Energy Cites the University of California and Pacific...

    5. Climate Change Effects on California Precipitation and Soil Moisture

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Berg, Neil

      2015-01-01

      Low Precipitation of the 2013/14 California2 Increased Precipitation Extremes Over California Under1 Twenty-first Century Precipitation Changes over the Los

    6. Structured chaos in a devil's staircase of the Josephson junction

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Shukrinov, Yu. M. [BLTP, JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region 141980 (Russian Federation); Botha, A. E., E-mail: bothaae@unisa.ac.za [Department of Physics, University of South Africa, Science Campus, Private Bag X6, Florida Park 1710 (South Africa); Medvedeva, S. Yu. [BLTP, JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region 141980 (Russian Federation); Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region 141700 (Russian Federation); Kolahchi, M. R. [Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, P.O. Box 45195-1159, Zanjan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Irie, A. [Department of Electrical and Electronic Systems Engineering, Utsunomiya University, 7-1-2 Yoto, Utsunomiya 321-8585 (Japan)

      2014-09-01

      The phase dynamics of Josephson junctions (JJs) under external electromagnetic radiation is studied through numerical simulations. Current-voltage characteristics, Lyapunov exponents, and Poincaré sections are analyzed in detail. It is found that the subharmonic Shapiro steps at certain parameters are separated by structured chaotic windows. By performing a linear regression on the linear part of the data, a fractal dimension of D?=?0.868 is obtained, with an uncertainty of ±0.012. The chaotic regions exhibit scaling similarity, and it is shown that the devil's staircase of the system can form a backbone that unifies and explains the highly correlated and structured chaotic behavior. These features suggest a system possessing multiple complete devil's staircases. The onset of chaos for subharmonic steps occurs through the Feigenbaum period doubling scenario. Universality in the sequence of periodic windows is also demonstrated. Finally, the influence of the radiation and JJ parameters on the structured chaos is investigated, and it is concluded that the structured chaos is a stable formation over a wide range of parameter values.

    7. Spin Josephson effect in topological superconductor-ferromagnet junction

      SciTech Connect (OSTI)

      Ren, C. D.; Wang, J.

      2014-03-21

      The composite topological superconductor (TS), made of one-dimensional spin-orbit coupled nanowire with proximity-induced s-wave superconductivity, is not a pure p-wave superconductor but still has a suppressed s-wave pairing. We propose to probe the spin texture of the p-wave pairing in this composite TS by examining possible spin supercurrents in an unbiased TS/ferromagnet junction. It is found that both the exchange-coupling induced and spin-flip reflection induced spin currents exist in the setup and survive even in the topological phase. We showed that besides the nontrivial p-wave pairing state accounting for Majorana Fermions, there shall be a trivial p-wave pairing state that contributes to spin supercurrent. The trivial p-wave pairing state is diagnosed from the mixing effect between the suppressed s-wave pairing and the topologically nontrivial p-wave pairing. The d vector of the TS is proved not to be rigorously perpendicular to the spin projection of p-wave pairings. Our findings are also confirmed by the Kitaev's p-wave model with a nonzero s-wave pairing.

    8. Cultivating a Green Political Landscape: Lessons for Climate Change Policy from the Defeat of California’s Proposition 23

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Biber, Eric

      2013-01-01

      92. California’s total renewable energy production (definedthe creation of a renewable energy industry as well asdevelopment of renewable energy in Oregon and Washington for

    9. Cultivating a Green Political Landscape: Lessons for Climate Change Policy from the Defeat of California’s Proposition 23

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Biber, Eric

      2013-01-01

      92. California’s total renewable energy production (definedsupported the creation of a renewable energy industry asthe rapid development of renewable energy in Oregon and

    10. California Offshore-California Natural Gas Plant Processing

      Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

      AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0ProvedDecade2,948California (Million Cubic Feet) Plant Liquids

    11. California Onshore-California Natural Gas Plant Processing

      Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

      AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0ProvedDecade2,948California (Million Cubic Feet)

    12. California Lighting Technology Center (University of California, Davis) |

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine:Kansas: EnergyCalendarCalhounWebpage |Open EnergyCalifornia LakeOpen

    13. California City, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

      Open Energy Info (EERE)

      AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County, California: Energy ResourcesCRED:Calendar Home2015Energy Jump

    14. Code of Regulations State of California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      , Regulation, and Conservation of Oil and Gas Resources (includes Subchapter 4. Statewide Geothermal, and Geothermal Resources Elena M. Miller, State Oil and Gas Supervisor #12;CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS California Department of Conservation Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources January 2011 Sacramento

    15. San Jos State University San Jos, California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Su, Xiao

      San José State University San José, California ANNOUNCEMENT OF POSITION AVAILABILITY Subject Therapy San José State University One Washington Square San José, CA 95192-0059 The Occupational Therapy of seven colleges at San Jose State University (SJSU). SJSU is California's oldest institution of public

    16. San Jos State University San Jos, California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Su, Xiao

      1 San José State University San José, California ANNOUNCEMENT OF POSITION AVAILABILITY Lucas correspondence. Lucas College and Graduate School of Business San José State University One Washington Square San José, CA 95192-0164 San José State University is California's oldest institution of public higher

    17. San Jos State University San Jos, California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Su, Xiao

      1 San José State University San José, California ANNOUNCEMENT OF POSITION AVAILABILITY School. Lucas College and Graduate School of Business San José State University One Washington Square San José, CA 95192-0070 San José State University is California's oldest institution of public higher learning

    18. San Jos State University San Jos, California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Su, Xiao

      San José State University San José, California ANNOUNCEMENT OF POSITION AVAILABILITY Subject to: #12;Dr. Elizabeth Grace, Chair Department of Accounting & Finance San José State University One Washington Square, BT850 San José, California 95192-0066 U.S.A. elizabeth.grace@sjsu.edu San José State

    19. San Jos State University San Jos, California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Su, Xiao

      1 San José State University San José, California ANNOUNCEMENT OF POSITION AVAILABILITY Subject College and Graduate School of Business San José State University One Washington Square San José, CA 95192-0070 San José State University is California's oldest institution of public higher learning. The campus

    20. San Jos State University San Jos, California

      E-Print Network [OSTI]

      Su, Xiao

      1 San José State University San José, California ANNOUNCEMENT OF POSITION AVAILABILITY Lucas. Lucas College and Graduate School of Business San José State University One Washington Square San José, CA 95192-0164 San José State University is California's oldest institution of public higher learning