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  1. Oil country tubular goods from Argentina, Austria, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, and Spain. Investigations Nos. 701-ta-363 and 364 (final) and investigations nos. 731-ta-711-717 (final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-08-01

    Based on the record in these final investigations, we determine that an industry in the United States is materially injured by reason of imports of oil country tubular goods excluding drill pipe (also referred to herein as `casing and tubing`) from Argentina, Italy, Japan, Korea, and Mexico that are sold in the United States is materially injured by (`LTFV`). We also determine that an industry in the United States is materially injured by reason of subsidized imports of casing and tubing from Italy. We find that an industry in the United States is not materially injured or threatened with material injury by reason of imports of casing and tubing from Austria and Spain that are sold at LTFV or subsidized. We further determine that an industry in the United States is threatened with material injury by reason of imports of drill pipe from Argentina, Japan, and Mexico that are sold at LTFV. We determine that we would not have made an affirmative material injury determination but for the suspension of liquidation. Finally, we unanimously determine that an industry in the United States is neither materially injured nor threatened with material injury by reason of LFTV or subsidized imports of drill pipe from Austria, Italy, Korea, or Spain.

  2. Immosolar Spain | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spain Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Immosolar Spain Name: Immosolar Spain Address: C Sigfrido 1, pl.2 of.21 Place: Barcelona, Spain Sector: Solar Product: Solar energy systems...

  3. Sweden Cleantech Incubators | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cleantech Incubators Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sweden Cleantech Incubators Place: Sweden Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Government Public...

  4. stergtland County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    stergtland County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name stergtland County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2685867 Coordinates 58.41667,...

  5. Vsternorrland County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Vsternorrland County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Vsternorrland County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2664292 Coordinates 63, 17.5...

  6. Sdermanland County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    dermanland County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Sdermanland County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2676207 Coordinates 59.25,...

  7. PV Enterprise Sweden AB | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sweden AB Place: Vilshult, Sweden Zip: 290 62 Product: Swedish manufacturer of photovoltaic modules, connection boxes, and installation equipment. Coordinates: 56.355011,...

  8. TME Spain | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TME Spain Jump to: navigation, search Name: TME Spain Place: Spain Sector: Wind energy Product: Spanish firm TME, a privately owned company, currently holds equity investments in...

  9. Slide 1

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... 2006) * Sweden, Switzerland, Belgium, U.K., Canada, US (WIPP) - Other Countries * Germany, Japan, Finland, France, South Korea, Spain, Netherlands 5 June 3, 2014 FEP Analysis ...

  10. Frequently Asked Questions About the Higgs Boson

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Ecuador, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, the United Kingdom and the United States. ...

  11. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. c) North Sea includes offshore supply from...

  12. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. OPEC Organization of the Petroleum...

  13. Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. OPEC Organization of the Petroleum...

  14. Geothermal Technologies Office: Download GETEM, August 2012 Beta

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovak Republic Slovenia South Africa South Korea Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand...

  15. Algeria ",263,"-",263

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    " "Portugal South Africa ",-65,"719 -","719 65 "," " "South Korea ",280,761,1040," " "Spain ",1295,84,1379," " "Sweden ",728,"-",728," " "Taiwan ","-",86,86," " "Turkey...

  16. Sunpower Korea | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Korea (Republic) Sector: Solar Product: Manufacturer of solar modules and inverters. References: Sunpower Korea1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  17. HQMC Korea HQMCK | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    HQMC Korea (HQMCK) Place: Korea (Republic) Product: Entrepreneurial project developer in South Korea. References: HQMC Korea (HQMCK)1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

  18. Korea Rural Community Corp KRC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Korea Rural Community Corp (KRC) Place: Korea (Republic) Product: South Korea-based rural development company. References: Korea Rural Community Corp...

  19. Gothenburg, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Gothenburg, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2711537 Coordinates 57.70716, 11.96679 Show Map Loading map......

  20. Uppsala, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Uppsala, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2666199 Coordinates The following coordinate was not recognized: 59.85N...

  1. Barcelona, Spain: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is city in Spain. US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Barcelona, Spain DERIREC 22@Microgrid (Smart Grid Project) Registered Energy Companies in Barcelona, Spain Agrupacio...

  2. Korea | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Korea Statement on Signing of the Administrative Arrangement to the Agreement for Cooperation between the United States and Republic of Korea Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy (WASHINGTON, D.C.)-Today, Administrator Frank Klotz of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration and Chairman Un Chul Lee of the Republic of Korea's (ROK) Nuclear Safety and Security Commission reached agreement on the terms of the Administrative Arrangement to the... United States

  3. Jmtland County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jmtland County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Jmtland County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2703330 Coordinates 63, 14.66667 Show...

  4. Vstra Gtaland County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    stra Gtaland County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Vstra Gtaland County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 3337386 Coordinates 58, 13...

  5. Dalarna County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Dalarna County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Dalarna County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2699767 Coordinates 61, 14.5 Show Map...

  6. Stockholm County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Stockholm County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Stockholm County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2673722 Coordinates 59.5, 18 Show Map...

  7. Energy use in Sweden: An international perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schipper, L. |; Johnson, F.; Howarth, R.; Price, L.; Andersson, B.; Andersson, B.G. |

    1993-12-01

    This report analyzes the evolution of energy use in Sweden since the early 1970s. The purpose of the study, which is sponsored by NUTEK, Department of Energy Efficiency, the Swedish Agency for Technical and Industrial Development, is to shed light on the future path of energy use in Sweden by quantifying and understanding changes in past energy use. Energy efficiency has been identified by Swedish authorities in countless official studies as a key element in Sweden`s efforts to restrain oil imports, reduce reliance on nuclear power, reduce environmental impacts of energy use, and reduce CO{sub 2} emissions. To understand the role or performance of energy efficiency in the 1970s and 1980s in Sweden, and what this performance means about the future, the authors seek answers to three broad questions: (1) How has the structure and efficiency of energy use in Sweden evolved since the early 1970s, and where data permit, since even earlier? What caused these changes? (2) How does the structure of energy use in Sweden differ from that of other countries, and how has the evolution of energy use in Sweden differed from developments in other countries? (3) How much energy has Sweden saved, and why? Are these savings permanent? To what extent were they offset by changes in the structure of energy use? And to what extent is the magnitude of these savings dependent upon the way we measure energy use? The report reviews the long-term evolution of Swedish energy use, focusing on developments in five sectors of the economy: residential, service, industrial (manufacturing and {open_quotes}other industry{close_quotes} defined as mining, agriculture, forestry and fisheries, and construction), travel, and freight. The authors then examine Swedish energy use in a broader perspective, drawing detailed comparisons to other nations. Finally, they discuss a series of issues that hover over the future of energy demand in Sweden.

  8. South Korea - NETL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    with South Korea Asia Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate (APP) ORD International Research Agreements Korea Institute of Energy Research MOU References ...

  9. Korea District Heating Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Korea (Republic) Zip: 463 908 Product: Korea-based organisation seeking to promote energy conservation and improve living standards through the efficient use of district...

  10. Sweden Building Data | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Page Edit History Sweden Building Data Jump to: navigation, search For several years now, the Swedish Energy Agency has been working, under the name of the STIL2 project, to...

  11. Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country Profile Name Sweden Population 9,658,301 GDP Unavailable Energy Consumption 2.22 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code SE 3-letter ISO code SWE Numeric ISO...

  12. Stockholm, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2673730 Coordinates 59.3327881, 18.0644881 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"map...

  13. South Korea | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Korea United States and the Republic of Korea Sign Agreement for Civil Nuclear Cooperation Washington, DC - Today Secretary of Energy Ernest J. Moniz and Korean Foreign Minister Yun signed the successor United States - Republic of Korea Agreement for Civil Nuclear Cooperation, or 123 Agreement, as they are referred to in the United States. The United States and the Republic of Korea (ROK

  14. Korea Parts and Fasteners KPF | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    KPF Jump to: navigation, search Name: Korea Parts and Fasteners (KPF) Place: Ansan-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea (Republic) Product: KPF, formerly called Korea Bolt Industries, makes...

  15. Seoul, South Korea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Korea is the capital of South Korea. Registered Energy Companies in Seoul, South Korea Samsung References http:geonames.nga.milggmagaz Retrieved from "http:en.openei.org...

  16. Korea Advanced Nano Fab Center KANC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Korea (Republic) Zip: 443-270 Product: String representation "The Korea Advan ... f nano devices." is too long. References: Korea Advanced Nano Fab Center (KANC)1 This...

  17. Korea Research Reactor -1 & 2 Decommissioning Project in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, S. K.; Chung, U. S.; Jung, K. J.; Park, J. H.

    2003-02-24

    Korea Research Reactor 1 (KRR-1), the first research reactor in Korea, has been operated since 1962, and the second one, Korea Research Reactor 2 (KRR-2) since 1972. The operation of both of them was phased out in 1995 due to their lifetime and operation of the new and more powerful research reactor, HANARO (High-flux Advanced Neutron Application Reactor; 30MW). Both are TRIGA Pool type reactors in which the cores are small self-contained units sitting in tanks filled with cooling water. The KRR-1 is a TRIGA Mark II, which could operate at a level of up to 250 kW. The second one, the KRR-2 is a TRIGA Mark III, which could operate at a level of up 2,000 kW. The decontamination and decommissioning (D & D) project of these two research reactors, the first D & D project in Korea, was started in January 1997 and will be completed to stage 3 by 2008. The aim of this decommissioning program is to decommission the KRR-1 & 2 reactors and to decontaminate the residual building structure s and the site to release them as unrestricted areas. KAERI (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) submitted the decommissioning plan and the environmental impact assessment reports to the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) for the license in December 1998, and was approved in November 2000.

  18. Gvleborg County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Gvleborg County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Gvleborg County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2712411 Coordinates 61.5, 16.25 Show...

  19. Skne County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Skne County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Skne County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 3337385 Coordinates 55.98333, 13.5 Show Map...

  20. rebro County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    rebro County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name rebro County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2686655 Coordinates 59.5, 15 Show Map Loading...

  1. Jnkping County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    nkping County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Jnkping County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2702976 Coordinates 57.5, 14.5 Show...

  2. Health impact assessment in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kang, Eunjeong; Lee, Youngsoo; Harris, Patrick; Koh, Kwangwook; Kim, Keonyeop

    2011-07-15

    Recently, Health Impact Assessment has gained great attention in Korea. First, the Ministry of Environment introduced HIA within existing Environment Impact Assessment. Second, the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs began an HIA program in 2008 in alliance with Healthy Cities. In this short report, these two different efforts are introduced and their opportunities and challenges discussed. We believe these two approaches complement each other and both need to be strengthened. We also believe that both can contribute to the development of health in policy and project development and ultimately to improvements in the Korean population's health.

  3. Fuel Safety Activities in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auh, Geun-Sun; Shin, A.D.; Lee, J.S.; Woo, S.W.; Ryu, Y.H.; Kim, Jun-Hwan; Kim, S.K.; Jeong, Y.H.

    2007-07-01

    The current regulatory requirements for fuel performance were based on earlier test data of fresh or low burnup Zircaloy fuels of less than 40 GWD/MTU. Most countries have not changed the current regulatory requirements even if they are actively investigating the high burnup and new cladding alloy effects. Korea agrees with commonly accepted international consensus that although there are technical issues requiring resolutions, these issues do not constitute immediate safety concerns. The high burnup fuel reactor performance experiences of Korea do not show any major problems even if there have been some burnup related fuel failures which are described in the paper. KINS has recommended the industry to have lower fuel failure rates than 1-2 per 50,000 fuel rods. A research project of High Burnup Fuel Safety Tests and Evaluations has started in 2002 under a joint cooperation of KAERI/KNFC/KEPRI and KINS to obtain performance results of high burnup fuel and to develop evaluation technologies of high burnup fuel safety issues. From 1998, KINS has closely monitored and actively participated in international activities such as OECD/NEA CABRI Water Loop Program to reflect on regulatory requirements if needed. KINS will closely monitor the high burnup fuel performances of Korea to strength the regulatory activities if needed. The research activities in Korea including of LOCA and RIA being performed at KAERI with active supports of the industry are summarized in the paper. (authors)

  4. Association of Renewable Energy Producers Spain | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy Producers Spain Jump to: navigation, search Name: Association of Renewable Energy Producers (Spain) Place: Barcelona, Spain Zip: 8008 Sector: Renewable Energy...

  5. Renewable Energies and Photovoltaics Spain S L REPS | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and Photovoltaics Spain S L REPS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Renewable Energies and Photovoltaics Spain S.L. (REPS) Place: Spain Sector: Solar Product: Spanish solar project...

  6. REMOVAL OF LEGACY PLUTONIUM MATERIALS FROM SWEDEN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunn, Kerry A.; Bellamy, J. Steve; Chandler, Greg T.; Iyer, Natraj C.; Koenig, Rich E.; Leduc, D.; Hackney, B.; Leduc, Dan R.; McClard, J. W.

    2013-08-18

    U.S. Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Office of Global Threat Reduction (GTRI) recently removed legacy plutonium materials from Sweden in collaboration with AB SVAFO, Sweden. This paper details the activities undertaken through the U.S. receiving site (Savannah River Site (SRS)) to support the characterization, stabilization, packaging and removal of legacy plutonium materials from Sweden in 2012. This effort was undertaken as part of GTRI’s Gap Materials Program and culminated with the successful removal of plutonium from Sweden as announced at the 2012 Nuclear Security Summit. The removal and shipment of plutonium materials to the United States was the first of its kind under NNSA’s Global Threat Reduction Initiative. The Environmental Assessment for the U.S. receipt of gap plutonium material was approved in May 2010. Since then, the multi-year process yielded many first time accomplishments associated with plutonium packaging and transport activities including the application of the of DOE-STD-3013 stabilization requirements to treat plutonium materials outside the U.S., the development of an acceptance criteria for receipt of plutonium from a foreign country, the development and application of a versatile process flow sheet for the packaging of legacy plutonium materials, the identification of a plutonium container configuration, the first international certificate validation of the 9975 shipping package and the first intercontinental shipment using the 9975 shipping package. This paper will detail the technical considerations in developing the packaging process flow sheet, defining the key elements of the flow sheet and its implementation, determining the criteria used in the selection of the transport package, developing the technical basis for the package certificate amendment and the reviews with multiple licensing authorities and most importantly integrating the technical activities with the Swedish partners.

  7. Republic of Korea | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Republic of Korea Statement on Signing of the Administrative Arrangement to the Agreement for Cooperation between the United States and Republic of Korea Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy (WASHINGTON, D.C.)-Today, Administrator Frank Klotz of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration and Chairman Un Chul Lee of the Republic of Korea's (ROK) Nuclear Safety and Security Commission reached agreement on the terms of the Administrative Arrangement to the

  8. Korea Iron Steel Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Steel Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Korea Iron & Steel Co Ltd Place: Changwon, South Gyeongsang, Korea (Republic) Zip: 641 370 Product: Korea-based manufacturer of steel...

  9. Tokai Carbon Korea Co Ltd TCK | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tokai Carbon Korea Co Ltd TCK Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tokai Carbon Korea Co Ltd (TCK) Place: Anseong, Gyeonggi-do, Korea (Republic) Zip: 456-843 Product: Korean...

  10. Korea Solar Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc Place: Seoul, Korea (Republic) Sector: Solar Product: Manufacturer of solar collectors, modules, and water heaters. Coordinates: 37.557121, 126.977379 Show Map Loading...

  11. Laboratory]; Aberg, Sven [LUND SWEDEN]; Uhrenholt, Henrik [LUND...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Uhrenholt, Henrik LUND SWEDEN; Ickhikawa, Takatoshi RIKEN 71; DYNAMICS; ENERGY; ENERGY-LEVEL DENSITY; EXCITATION; GROUND STATES; LEVELS; NEUTRONS; NUCLEI; PARITY;...

  12. Blekinge County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name Blekinge County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2721357 Coordinates 56.33333, 15.33333 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemap...

  13. Green light for nonstop fermentation. [Sweden

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-10-19

    It is reported that Alfa-Laval (Tumba) is to build a $10 million demonstration plant at Skaraborg, Sweden that will produce ethanol from grain in a continuous fermentation process. The facility, funded by the Swedish government will be able to make 20,000 L/d of 99.5% ethanol, plus 30.5 metric tons/d of cattle fodder from the liftover sludge, using the so-called Biostil technique. A similar unit has been run in Sarenia, Queensland using molasses as a feedstock. The facility has been highly successful since its startup in April and has had no downtime.

  14. Korea Midland Power Co Ltd KOMIPO | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Seoul, Korea (Republic) Zip: 135 791 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Korea-based on-grid power generator that is active in investing into renewable energy. Coordinates:...

  15. Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology KRICT | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Chemical Technology KRICT Jump to: navigation, search Name: Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT) Place: Yooseong-gu, Daejeon, Korea (Republic) Zip: 305-600...

  16. United States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International Nuclear Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (INERI) Annual Steering Committee Meeting United States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International ...

  17. Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and Developing New Growth Engines Jump to: navigation, search Name Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change...

  18. DOE and Sweden Sign MOU to Advance Market Integration of Plug...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Sweden Sign MOU to Advance Market Integration of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles DOE and Sweden ... U.S. Expands Energy Cooperation with Sweden DOE Expands International Effort to Develop ...

  19. Measurements of radioxenon in ground level air in South Korea following the claimed nuclear test in North Korea on October 9, 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ringbom, Anders; Elmgren, K.; Lindh, Karin; Peterson, Jenny; Bowyer, Ted W.; Hayes, James C.; McIntyre, Justin I.; Panisko, Mark E.; Williams, Richard M.

    2009-12-03

    Abstract Following the claimed nuclear test in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) on October 9, 2006, and a reported seismic event, a mobile system for sampling of atmospheric xenon was transported to the Republic of South Korea (ROK) in an attempt to detect possible emissions of radioxenon in the region from a presumed test. Five samples were collected in the ROK during October 11–14, 2006 near the ROK–DPRK border, and thereafter transported to the Swedish Defense Research Agency (FOI) in Stockholm, Sweden, for analysis. Following the initial measurements, an automatic radioxenon sampling and analysis system was installed at the same location in the ROK, and measurements on the ambient atmospheric radioxenon background in the region were performed during November 2006 to February 2007. The measured radioxenon concentrations strongly indicate that the explosion in October 9, 2006 was a nuclear test. The conclusion is further strengthened by atmospheric transport models. Radioactive xenon measurement was the only independent confirmation that the supposed test was in fact a nuclear explosion and not a conventional (chemical) explosive.

  20. Korea`s choice of a new generation of nuclear plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Redding, J.R.

    1994-12-31

    The ABWR and SBWR design, both under development at GE, provide the best platform for developing the next generation advanced plants. The ABWR, which is rapidly setting the standard for new nuclear reactor plants, is clearly the best choice to meet the present energy needs of Korea. And through a GE/Korea partnership to develop the plant of the next century, Korea will establish itself as a leader in innovative reactor technology.

  1. SolarWorld Korea | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Korea-based JV set up by SolarWorld AG and SolarPark Engineering Co Ltd aimed at manufacturing solar modules and installing utility-scale PV projects. References: SolarWorld...

  2. South Korea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country Profile Name South Korea Population 51,302,044 GDP Unavailable Energy Consumption Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code KR 3-letter ISO code KOR Numeric ISO code...

  3. Plutonium Removal from Sweden: Fact Sheet | National Nuclear...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Sweden has been a global leader on nonproliferation, and was one of the first countries to return highly enriched uranium based spent fuel under the U.S. Foreign Research Reactor ...

  4. Spain: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spain: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":"ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID"...

  5. RP Global Spain S A Minicentrales | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    RP Global Spain S A Minicentrales Jump to: navigation, search Name: RP Global Spain S.A. (Minicentrales) Place: Madrid, Spain Zip: E - 28036 Product: The Spanish arm of RP Global,...

  6. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Spain...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spain) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EWIS European wind integration study Country Spain Coordinates 40.522152, -4.163818 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingserv...

  7. Government policies for the environment: The Sweden case

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nilsson, D.

    1997-12-31

    Sweden is one of the world leaders in environmental protection. This has been Impossible through public information and interest, industrial responsibility, and the use of various economic measures that offer incentives to increase recycling and reduce emissions. The author describes some of these measures and the results that have been obtained in his native land.

  8. Earth plus Mars: Los Alamos National Lab partners with Spain...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Earth plus Mars: Los Alamos National Lab partners with Spain and France Earth plus Mars: Los Alamos National Lab partners with Spain and France New Mexico's role in the next...

  9. BeyWatch (Smart Grid Project) (Spain) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BeyWatch (Smart Grid Project) (Spain) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name BeyWatch Country Spain Coordinates 40.65564, -4.075928 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingse...

  10. Cameron, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Spain (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Spain (Million Cubic Feet) Cameron, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Spain (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 2,911 - No Data ...

  11. Sabine Pass, LA Exports to Spain Liquefied Natural Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Spain Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Sabine Pass, LA Exports to Spain Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec ...

  12. South Korea-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  13. Korea Parts and Fasteners KPF Plextronics JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Parts and Fasteners (KPF) and Plextronics aimed at building a production line for organic photovoltaic panels and a research and development (R&D) center. References: Korea Parts...

  14. Green Growth in Motion: Sharing Korea's Experience | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    lt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map Language: English Green Growth in Motion: Sharing Korea's Experience Screenshot References:...

  15. Korea Institute of Energy Research KIER | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Daejeon, Korea (Republic) Zip: 305-343 Product: Specialises in energy research, providing research and development in new technologies that support national energy policies....

  16. Q Tech Quality Technology Korea Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Product: Manufacturer of components for electronic, telecommunications and automotive industries. References: Q&Tech (Quality & Technology Korea Inc)1 This article is a...

  17. U.S. Expands Energy Cooperation with Sweden | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Expands Energy Cooperation with Sweden U.S. Expands Energy Cooperation with Sweden June 28, 2007 - 2:08pm Addthis DOE to Work with Volvo AB/Mack Trucks on Advanced Vehicle R&D STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN - U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Alexander Karsner and Swedish Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Enterprise and Energy Maud Olofsson today signed an implementing agreement to further expand cooperation on renewable energy and

  18. North Korea: The next nuclear nightmare

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spector, L.S.; Smith, J.R.

    1991-03-01

    The crisis in the Persian Gulf has reawakened concerns over the spread of nuclear arms. Even before its invasion of Kuwait, Iraq's history of aggression and support for international terrorism triggered fears in Washington that its acquisition of nuclear weapons might damage international stability and US interests far more than the emergence of India, Israel, Pakistan, and South Africa as de facto nuclear powers. Thus, when the Gulf War began on January 16, Iraq's nuclear sites were among the first attacked by allied air strikes. Unfortunately, Iraq has not been the only hostile proliferator looming on the horizon. North Korea, which has been no less dedicated than Iraq to the use of violence to advance its expansionist goals, has also tenaciously pursued a nuclear-weapons capability. Moreover, the North Korean program is considerably closer to bearing fruit than the Iraqi effort. And although North Korea, like Iraq, has signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, unlike Iraq it has refused to conclude the safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency that the treaty requires.

  19. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; McJeon, Haewon C.; Shui, Bin; Lee, Seung Eon

    2009-04-17

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Korea, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial buildings in Korea.

  20. Korea Solex Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    project developer who owns at least 1MW plant in Yeonggwang, South Jeolla; registered to trade on the Korea Power Exchange. Coordinates: 35.15007, 126.833847 Show Map Loading...

  1. Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power Company, Ltd Training

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power Co., Ltd. (KHNP), a large electric company based in the Republic of Korea, operates 20 nuclear power plants and has 8 more planned or under construction. The Korean government has given KHNP responsibility for permanent disposal of nuclear waste. The company has turned to Sandia' s Defense Waste Management Programs in Carlsbad, NM to lead an educational project for its staff on repository sciences based on Sandia's well- known expertise in the field. Sandia has

  2. Marine and Hydrokinetic (MHK) Technology Development Risk Management...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0-800-81350 SOUTH AFRICA 080-09-82158 SOUTH KOREA 82-2-6744-1091 00798-14800-7797 SPAIN 34-91-414-21-70 800-300-907 SWEDEN 46-8-503-34-825 0200-899-946 SWITZERLAND...

  3. Major tanker spill off Spain under control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-14

    This paper reports that a 23 sq mile oil slick along Spain's northwest coast, spreading form the wreckage of the Greek oil tanker Aegean Sea, was for the most part under control as of Dec. 10, Spanish authorities reported. Various press reports put the total spill volume at 490,000 bbl, about double that leaked by the Exxon Valdez supertanker off Alaska in 1989. If initial reports of the spill volume are borne out, the Aegean Sea spill would rank at least as one of the 10 biggest tanker spills.

  4. Statement on First Meeting of the United States-Republic of Korea High Level Bilateral Commission

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Deputy Secretary of Energy Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall and Republic of Korea Vice Foreign Minister Cho Tae-Yul co-chaired the first meeting of the U.S.-ROK High Level Bilateral Commission in Seoul, South Korea.

  5. Statement on First Meeting of the United States-Republic of Korea...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of the United States-Republic of Korea High Level Bilateral Commission Statement on First Meeting of the United States-Republic of Korea High Level Bilateral Commission April ...

  6. Statement on Launch of the U.S.-Republic of Korea High Level...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    for Foreign Affairs for the Republic of Korea Cho Tae-yul announced the launch of the ... States of America and the Republic of Korea Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear ...

  7. Department of Energy Announces New Clean Energy Partnership with the Republic of Korea

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu and Minister of Knowledge Economy Joong-Kyung Choi of the Republic of Korea sign a new agreement establishing the U.S.-Korea Clean Energy Technology Partnership.

  8. Economic Considerations of Nuclear Desalination in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Man-Ki, Lee; Seung-Su, Kim

    2006-07-01

    The objective of this study is to assess the economics of SMART (System-integrated Modular Advanced Reactor) desalination plant in Korea through DEEP (Devaluation Economic Evaluation Program). SMART is mainly designed for the dual purpose of producing water and electricity with the total capacity of 100 MWe which 10 MWe is used for water production and the remains for the electric generation. SMART desalination plant using MED (Multi-Effect Distillation) process is in the stage of the commercial development and its cost information is also being accumulated. In this circumstances, the economic assessment of nuclear desalination by SMART and the effect of water(or electric) supply price to the regional economy is meaningful to the policy maker. This study is focused on the case study analysis about the economics of SMART desalination plant and the meanings of the case study result. This study is composed of two parts. One is prepared to survey the methodology regarding cost allocation between electricity and water in DEEP and the other is for the economic assessment of SMART. The cost allocation methods that have been proposed or used can be classified into two main groups, one is the cost prorating method and the other is the credit method. The cost of an product item in the dual-purpose plant can be determined differently depending on the costing methods adopted. When it comes to applying credit method adopted in this thesis, the production cost of water depends on what kind of the power cost will be chosen in calculating the power credit. This study also analyses the changes of nuclear desalination economics according to the changes of the important factors such as fossil fuel price. I wish that this study can afford to give an insight to the policy maker about SMART desalination plant. (authors)

  9. Statement on Launch of the U.S.-Republic of Korea High Level Bilateral

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Commission Pursuant to the Agreement for Cooperation between the United States and Republic of Korea Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy | Department of Energy on Launch of the U.S.-Republic of Korea High Level Bilateral Commission Pursuant to the Agreement for Cooperation between the United States and Republic of Korea Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy Statement on Launch of the U.S.-Republic of Korea High Level Bilateral Commission Pursuant to the Agreement for Cooperation

  10. Geotomography applied at the Stripa Mine in Sweden

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okada, J.T.; Laine, E.F.; Lytle, R.J.; Daily,W.D.

    1980-04-07

    LLNL made ultrahigh-frequency (450-MHz) electromagnetic borehole-to-borehole transmissions in the Stripa Mine near Guldsmedshyttan, Sweden, in April 1979. Transmission loss measurements were made between four sets of 76-mm boreholes 30 m long, located at the end of a drift. Distances between the boreholes varied from 2 to 22 m. More than 25,000 data points were taken. A geotomograph was constructed to show the variation of attenuation between boreholes. The observed spatial variation of electromagnetic attenuation may be related to the expected stress relief created by the mine. Transmission loss measurements were also made between two converging boreholes drilled from the surface to points near the mine. Data taken at 21 MHz show a nearly uniform attenuation within this sampled region. These experiments demonstrate that geotomographic data collection/interpretation provides high-resolution images of the underground environment and can provide useful input to those charged with providing the detailed site characterizations needed for both short- and long-term monitoring of underground nuclear waste repositories.

  11. Geohydrological data from the macropermeability experiment at Stripa, Sweden

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, C.R.; Long, J.C.S.; Galbraith, R.M.; Karasaki, K.; Endo, H.K.; DuBois, A.O.; McPherson, M.J.; Ramqvist, G.

    1981-03-01

    The Macropermeability Experiment was conducted in a granite body adjacent to a recently abandoned iron ore mine at Stripa, Sweden. This experiment was conducted to measure the permeability of a large volume of low permeability, fractured rock. The experiment was conducted over 11 months in an approximately 4m x 4m x 33m drift at the 335 m level of the mine. Groundwater seepage into the drift was measured as the net moisture pickup of the ventilation system. Water pressure and temperature were monitored at 95 locations in the rock surrounding the drift. The data collection system was designed to provide in-situ averaging of the measured parameters, to ultimately estimate the hydraulic conductivity of the rock as if it were a porous medium. This report is limited to data presentation. It describes the types of data collected, the methods of measurement, and procedures used for data collection, storage, and reduction. Experimental errors are reviewed for all principal types of data. The data presented are sufficient to estimate (1) the rate of seepage of moisture into the drift; (2) the three-dimensional distribution of hydraulic head in the rock mass to a radial distance of 30 m from the drift; and (3) the three-dimensional distribution of temperature in the rock mass, also to a radial distance of 30 m. These data can in turn be used to estimate the intrinsic permeability of the monitored rock mass. Analysis and interpretation of these results will be presented in subsequent reports.

  12. North Korea at the crossroads: Nuclear renegade or regional partner?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1993-05-01

    On March 12, North korea announced its intention to withdraw from the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), rather than accede to the International Atomic Energy Agency`s (IAEA) request for a first-ever special inspection of two undeclared sites believed to hold evidence that Pyongyang had violated its IAEA safeguards agreement. North Korea`s announcement is unprecedented in the history of the NPT, and if Pyongyang takes the other steps necessary for formal withdrawal, it could have serious implications for the region and for the global non-proliferation regime. On April 6, the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States) held private discussions to explore ways to deal with this new challenge posed by North Korea. On that same morning, the Arms Control Association (ACA) held a special news conference to discuss the event and its implications. So the matter is now before the Security Council, and the outcome is tgoing to depend very much on the true nature of the North Korean program, an issue about which there are many different views.

  13. ,"Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Spain (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Natural Gas Re-Exports to Spain (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0ERENUS-NSPMMCF" "Date","Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Spain (Million Cubic Feet)" ...

  14. Status of low-level radioactive waste management in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, K.J.

    1993-03-01

    The Republic of Korea has accomplished dramatic economic growth over the past three decades; demand for electricity has rapidly grown more than 15% per year. Since the first nuclear power plant, Kori-1 [587 MWe, pressurized water reactor (PWR)], went into commercial operation in 1978, the nuclear power program has continuously expanded and played a key role in meeting the national electricity demand. Nowadays, Korea has nine nuclear power plants [eight PWRs and one Canadian natural uranium reactor (CANDU)] in operation with total generating capacity of 7,616 MWe. The nuclear share of total electrical capacity is about 36%; however, about 50% of actual electricity production is provided by these nine nuclear power plants. In addition, two PWRs are under construction, five units (three CANDUs and two PWRs) are under design, and three more CANDUs and eight more PWRs are planned to be completed by 2006. With this ambitious nuclear program, the total nuclear generating capacity will reach about 23,000 MWe and the nuclear share will be about 40% of the total generating capacity in the year 2006. In order to expand the nuclear power program this ambitiously, enormous amounts of work still have to be done. One major area is radioactive waste management. This paper reviews the status of low-level radioactive waste management in Korea. First, the current and future generation of low-level radioactive wastes are estimated. Also included are the status and plan for the construction of a repository for low-level radioactive wastes, which is one of the hot issues in Korea. Then, the nuclear regulatory system is briefly mentioned. Finally, the research and development activities for LLW management are briefly discussed.

  15. United States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International Nuclear Energy Research

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Initiative (INERI) Annual Steering Committee Meeting | Department of Energy States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (INERI) Annual Steering Committee Meeting United States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (INERI) Annual Steering Committee Meeting January 14, 2015 - 9:33am Addthis United States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (INERI) Annual Steering Committee Meeting On

  16. Republic of Korea Increases Support of NNSA Work to Combat Nuclear

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Smuggling | National Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) Republic of Korea Increases Support of NNSA Work to Combat Nuclear Smuggling January 02, 2013 WASHINGTON, D.C. - The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and the Republic of Korea today announced that the Republic of Korea renewed its partnership to combat nuclear smuggling with a $300,000 contribution to support NNSA's ongoing nonproliferation work in Azerbaijan. The funding, provided by the Korean Ministry of Foreign

  17. United States and the Republic of Korea Sign Agreement for Civil Nuclear

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Cooperation | National Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) United States and the Republic of Korea Sign Agreement for Civil Nuclear Cooperation June 15, 2015 Washington, DC - Today Secretary of Energy Ernest J. Moniz and Korean Foreign Minister Yun signed the successor United States - Republic of Korea Agreement for Civil Nuclear Cooperation, or 123 Agreement, as they are referred to in the United States. The United States and the Republic of Korea (ROK) are world leaders in civil

  18. Case Studies from the Climate Technology Partnership: Landfill Gas Projects in South Korea and Lessons Learned

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larney, C.; Heil, M.; Ha, G. A.

    2006-12-01

    This paper examines landfill gas projects in South Korea. Two case studies provide concrete examples of lessons learned and offer practical guidance for future projects.

  19. Avian Field guide and checklist for Kunsan Air Base, Korea.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levenson, J. B.; Environmental Assessment

    2005-11-15

    This report summarizes the results of the avian surveys conducted at Kunsan Air Base (AB). This on-going survey is conducted to comply with requirements of the Environmental Governing Standards (EGS) for the Republic of Korea, the Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan (INRMP) for Kunsan AB, and the 8th Fighter Wing's Bird Aircraft Strike Hazard (BASH) Plan. One hundred sixteen bird species representing 34 families were identified and recorded. Seven species are designated as Cultural Property Monuments, and their protection is accorded by the Korean Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Six species appear on the Korean Association for Conservation of Nature's(KACN's) list of Reserved Wild Species and are protected by the Korean Ministry of Environment. Combined, only ten different species are Republic of Korea (ROK)-protected because the Eurasian Spoonbill, Peregrine Falcon, and Eurasian Oystercatcher are listed by both agencies. The primary objective of the avian survey at Kunsan AB was to determine what species of birds are present on the airfield and their respective habitat requirements during the critical seasons of the year. This requirement is specified in Annex C.4.a.(1-4) of the 8th Fighter Wing BASH Plan(8FWOPLAN 91-202). The second objective was to initiate surveys to determine what bird species are present on Kunsan AB throughout the year, and from the survey results determine if threatened, endangered, or other Korean-listed bird species are present on Kunsan AB. This overall census satisfies Criterion 13-3.e of the EGS for Korea. The final objective was to formulate management strategies within Kunsan AB's operational requirements to protect and enhance habitats of known threatened, endangered, and ROK-protected species in accordance with EGS Criterion 13-3.a and also that are favorable for the reproduction of indigenous species in accordance with the EGS Criterion 13-3.h.

  20. Avian survey and field guide for Osan Air Base, Korea.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levenson, J.

    2006-12-05

    This report summarizes the results of the avian surveys conducted at Osan Air Base (AB). This ongoing survey is conducted to comply with requirements of the Environmental Governing Standards (EGS) for the Republic of Korea, the Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan (INRMP) for Osan AB, and the 51st Fighter Wing's Bird Aircraft Strike Hazard (BASH) Plan. One hundred ten bird species representing 35 families were identified and recorded. Seven species are designated as Natural Monuments, and their protection is accorded by the Korean Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Three species appear on the Korean Association for Conservation of Nature's (KACN's) list of Reserved Wild Species and are protected by the Korean Ministry of Environment. Combined, ten different species are Republic of Korea (ROK)-protected. The primary objective of the avian survey at Osan AB was to determine what species of birds are present on the airfield and their respective habitat requirements during the critical seasons of the year. This requirement is specified in Annex J.14.c of the 51st Fighter BASH Plan 91-212 (51 FW OPLAN 91-212). The second objective was to initiate surveys to determine what bird species are present on Osan AB throughout the year and from the survey results, determine if threatened, endangered, or other Korean-listed bird species are present on Osan AB. This overall census satisfies Criterion 13-3.e of the EGS for Korea. The final objective was to formulate management strategies within Osan AB's operational requirements to protect and enhance habitats of known threatened, endangered, and ROK-protected species in accordance with EGS Criterion 13-3.a that are also favorable for the reproduction of indigenous species in accordance with the EGS Criterion 13-3.h.

  1. Current and anticipated uses of thermal hydraulic codes in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Kyung-Doo; Chang, Won-Pyo

    1997-07-01

    In Korea, the current uses of thermal hydraulic codes are categorized into 3 areas. The first application is in designing both nuclear fuel and NSSS. The codes have usually been introduced based on the technology transfer programs agreed between KAERI and the foreign vendors. Another area is in the supporting of the plant operations and licensing by the utility. The third category is research purposes. In this area assessments and some applications to the safety issue resolutions are major activities using the best estimate thermal hydraulic codes such as RELAP5/MOD3 and CATHARE2. Recently KEPCO plans to couple thermal hydraulic codes with a neutronics code for the design of the evolutionary type reactor by 2004. KAERI also plans to develop its own best estimate thermal hydraulic code, however, application range is different from KEPCO developing code. Considering these activities, it is anticipated that use of the best estimate hydraulic analysis code developed in Korea may be possible in the area of safety evaluation within 10 years.

  2. Small modular reactor (SMR) development plan in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shin, Yong-Hoon Park, Sangrok; Kim, Byong Sup; Choi, Swongho; Hwang, Il Soon

    2015-04-29

    Since the first nuclear power was engaged in Korean electricity grid in 1978, intensive research and development has been focused on localization and standardization of large pressurized water reactors (PWRs) aiming at providing Korean peninsula and beyond with economical and safe power source. With increased priority placed on the safety since Chernobyl accident, Korean nuclear power R and D activity has been diversified into advanced PWR, small modular PWR and generation IV reactors. After the outbreak of Fukushima accident, inherently safe small modular reactor (SMR) receives growing interest in Korea and Europe. In this paper, we will describe recent status of evolving designs of SMR, their advantages and challenges. In particular, the conceptual design of lead-bismuth cooled SMR in Korea, URANUS with 40∼70 MWe is examined in detail. This paper will cover a framework of the program and a strategy for the successful deployment of small modular reactor how the goals would entail and the approach to collaboration with other entities.

  3. Ecological compensation and Environmental Impact Assessment in Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Villarroya, Ana; Puig, Jordi

    2010-11-15

    To achieve meaningful sustainable development, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) should avoid the net losses in the environment resource base. But EIA practice does not always avoid the losses caused by the implementation of the projects under EIA regulation. Some environmental impacts are, simply, admitted, even without enforcing any form of compensation. When applied, compensation is sometimes just a monetary payment to offset the environmental loss. This paper looks for evidence on the role that compensation is given at present in EIA practice in Spain, and for some of its conceptual and regulatory roots. Specifically, it explores how compensation is addressed in 1302 records of decision (RODs) on those projects subject to the Spanish EIA regulation published during the years 2006 and 2007, to know how far Spain is from preserving the environmental resource base managed through this particular aspect of EIA practice. As a result, it is concluded that the practice of ecological compensation in EIA in Spain is much lower than it could be expected in a theoretical sustainability context committed to avoid net losses in the environment resource base, mainly due to an EIA practice focused on on-site mitigation that allows these net losses.

  4. Summary of non-US national and international fuel cycle and radioactive waste management programs 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harmon, K.M.; Kelman, J.A.

    1982-08-01

    Brief program overviews of fuel cycle, spent fuel, and waste management activities in the following countries are provided: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, German Federal Republic, India, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, USSR, and the United Kingdom. International nonproliferation activities, multilateral agreements and projects, and the international agencies specifically involved in the nuclear fuel cycle are also described.

  5. U.S. and Spain to Develop Solar Decathlon Europe | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Spain to Develop Solar Decathlon Europe U.S. and Spain to Develop Solar Decathlon Europe October 18, 2007 - 3:21pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Today U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Alexander Karsner and Spain's Undersecretary of Housing Fernando Magro Fernández signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to collaborate in the development of a Solar Decathlon Europe competition in 2010. The Solar Decathlon is a competition launched by

  6. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to South Korea (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Feet) South Korea (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to South Korea (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 3,157 3,085 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to South Korea

  7. Joint Statement between U.S. Department of Energy and Republic of Korea's

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy | Department of Energy Joint Statement between U.S. Department of Energy and Republic of Korea's Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy Joint Statement between U.S. Department of Energy and Republic of Korea's Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy May 7, 2013 - 2:18pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 Acting Secretary of Energy Daniel B. Poneman and Mr. Yoon Sang-jick, Minister of Trade, Industry, and Energy (MOTIE) of the Republic of Korea,

  8. Electric power industry in Korea: Past, present, and future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Hoesung

    1994-12-31

    Electrical power is an indispensable tool in the industrialization of a developing country. An efficient, reliable source of electricity is a key factor in the establishment of a wide range of industries, and the supply of energy must keep pace with the increasing demand which economic growth creates in order for that growth to be sustained. As one of the most successful of all developing countries, Korea has registered impressive economic growth over the last decade, and it could be said that the rapid growth of the Korean economy would not have been possible without corresponding growth in the supply of electric power. Power producers in Korea, and elsewhere in Asia, are to be commended for successfully meeting the challenge of providing the necessary power to spur what some call an economic miracle. The future continues to hold great potential for participants in the electrical power industry, but a number of important challenges must be met in order for that potential to be fully realized. Demand for electricity continues to grow at a staggering rate, while concerns over the environmental impact of power generating facilities must not be ignored. As it becomes increasingly difficult to finance the rapid, and increasingly larger-scale expansion of the power industry through internal sources, the government must find resources to meet the growing demand at least cost. This will lead to important opportunities for the private sector. It is important, therefore, for those interested in participating in the power production industry and taking advantage of the newly emerging opportunities that lie in the Korean market, and elsewhere in Asia, to discuss the relevant issues and become informed of the specific conditions of each market.

  9. U.S. and South Korea Sign Agreement on FutureGen Project | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Korea has pledged 10 million to help build and operate the world's first zero-emissions coal-fired power plant and will sit on a government steering committee to oversee this ...

  10. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to South Korea (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    South Korea (Million Cubic Feet) Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to South Korea (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2009 0 2,735 2010 0 0 0 0 0 3,103 0 0 0 5,970 0 2,735 2011 3,157 0 0 2,901 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3,085

  11. PPPL teams with South Korea on the forerunner of a commercial fusion power

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    station | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab PPPL teams with South Korea on the forerunner of a commercial fusion power station By John Greenwald December 21, 2012 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Schematic sketch of the proposed K-DEMO fusion facility. (Photo by Courtesy of South Korea's National Fusion Research Institute.) Schematic sketch of the proposed K-DEMO fusion facility. The U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) has joined forces with

  12. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Spain (Million Cubic Feet...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Exports to Spain (Million Cubic Feet) U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Spain (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 0 3,149 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...

  13. Nuclear power program and technology development in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cho, Byung-Oke

    1994-12-31

    KEPCO has successfully implemented the construction and operation of nuclear power plants since the early 1970s, and will continue to build safer and more efficient nuclear plants in the future in accordance with the nuclear power development plan previously established. KEPCO will also make every effort to enhance nuclear safety and obtain the public`s acceptance for nuclear power. We are, however, facing the same difficulties, as United States and other countries have, in strengthened regulatory requirements, public acceptance, radwaste disposal, and acquisition of new plant sites despite an active nuclear power program. Story of Ted Turner, CNN; {open_quotes}It ain`t as easy as it looks.{close_quotes} Yes! It is difficult. But we will cope with these issues so that we can promote the nuclear power development and continue to supply a highly economical and clean energy to the world. In this regard, it is my sincere wish that each organization participating in the nuclear industry, especially Korea and United States strengthen their ties and help each other so that we together can successfully accomplish our goals.

  14. Boryeong Thermal Power Complex, Boryeong-Si, Chungcheongnam-do Province, South Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neville, J.D.

    2008-10-15

    From tall skyscrapers and flashing neon signs to Buddhist temples and pagodas, South Korea is a mixture of the new and old Asia. Doing its part to help modernise this country, the Boryeong thermal power complex operates six coal-fired 500-MW units that provide electricity to power South Korea's economic growth. One of the important reasons for this facility's overall success is its operational reliability. An example of this is Boryeong Unit 3's outstanding achievement of 3,000 days of trouble-free operation. The Complex also has a dozen 150 MW combined cycle units burning imported liquefied natural gas for electrical system peaking. 4 photos.

  15. Sabine Pass, LA Exports to Korea Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Korea Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Sabine Pass, LA Exports to Korea Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 2,901 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Ex

  16. ,"Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Spain (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2016 11:48:54 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Spain (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0ERENUS-NSPMMCF" "Date","Liquefied U.S....

  17. Current status of the radioactive waste management programme in Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lang-Lenton Leon, Jorge; Garcia Neri, Emilio

    2007-07-01

    Since 1984, ENRESA is responsible of the radioactive waste management and the decommissioning of nuclear installations in Spain. The major recent challenge has been the approval of the Sixth General Radioactive Waste Plan (GRWP) as 'master plan' of the activities to be performed by ENRESA. Regarding the LILW programme, the El Cabril LILW disposal facility will be described highlighting the most relevant events especially focused on optimizing the existing capacity and the start-up of a purpose -built disposal area for VLLW. Concerning the HLW programme, two aspects may be distinguished in the direct management of spent fuel: temporary storage and long-term management. In this regards, a major challenge has been the decision adopted by the Spanish Government to set up a Inter-ministerial Committee for the establishment of the criteria that must be met by the site of the Centralized Intermediate Storage (CTS) facility as the first and necessary step for the process. Also the developments of the long-term management programme will be presented in the frame of the ENRESA's R and D programme. Finally, in the field of decommissioning they will be presented the PIMIC project at the CIEMAT centre and the activities in course for the decommissioning of Jose Cabrera NPP. (authors)

  18. The Regulatory Challenges of Decommissioning Nuclear Power Plants in Korea - 13101

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Jungjoon; Ahn, Sangmyeon; Choi, Kyungwoo; Kim, Juyoul; Kim, Juyub

    2013-07-01

    As of 2012, 23 units of nuclear power plants are in operation, but there is no experience of permanent shutdown and decommissioning of nuclear power plant in Korea. It is realized that, since late 1990's, improvement of the regulatory framework for decommissioning has been emphasized constantly from the point of view of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)'s safety standards. And it is known that now IAEA prepare the safety requirement on decommissioning of facilities, its title is the Safe Decommissioning of Facilities, General Safety Requirement Part 6. According to the result of IAEA's Integrated Regulatory Review Service (IRRS) mission to Korea in 2011, it was recommended that the regulatory framework for decommissioning should require decommissioning plans for nuclear installations to be constructed and operated and these plans should be updated periodically. In addition, after the Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan in March of 2011, preparedness for early decommissioning caused by an unexpected severe accident became also important issues and concerns. In this respect, it is acknowledged that the regulatory framework for decommissioning of nuclear facilities in Korea need to be improved. First of all, we identify the current status and relevant issues of regulatory framework for decommissioning of nuclear power plants compared to the IAEA's safety standards in order to achieve our goal. And then the plan is to be established for improvement of regulatory framework for decommissioning of nuclear power plants in Korea. After dealing with it, it is expected that the revised regulatory framework for decommissioning could enhance the safety regime on the decommissioning of nuclear power plants in Korea in light of international standards. (authors)

  19. Radioactive waste storage in mined caverns in crystalline rock: results of field investigations at Stripa, Sweden

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Witherspoon, P.A.

    1980-10-01

    It is generally agreed that the most practicable method of isolating nuclear wastes from the biosphere is by deep burial in suitable geologic formations. Such burial achieves a high degree of physical isolation but raises questions concerning the rate at which some of these wastes may return to the biosphere through transport by groundwater. Any suitable repository site will be disturbed first by excavation and second by the thermal pulse caused by the radioactive decay of the wastes. To assess the effectiveness of geologic isolation it is necessary to develop the capability of predicting the response of a rock mass to such a thermal pulse. Ultimately, this requires field measurements below the surface in media representative of those likely to be encountered at an actual repository. Access to a granitic rock mass adjacent to a defunct iron ore mine at Stripa, Sweden, at a depth of about 350 m below surface has provided a unique opportunity to conduct a comprehensive suite of hydrological and thermo-mechanical experiments under such conditions. The results of these field tests have shown the importance of geologic structure and the functional dependence of the thermo-mechanical properties on temperature in developing a valid predictive model. The results have also demonstrated the vital importance of carrying out large-scale investigations in a field test facility.

  20. Founding BRCA1 mutations in hereditary breast and ovarian cancer in southern Sweden

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johannsson, O.; Hakansson, S.; Johannson, U.

    1996-03-01

    Nine different germ-line mutations in the BRCA1 breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene were identified in 15 of 47 kindreds from southern Sweden, by use of SSCP and heteroduplex analysis of all exons and flanking intron region and by a protein-truncation test for exon 11, followed by direct sequencing. All but one of the mutations are predicted to give rise to premature translation termination and include seven frameshift insertions or deletions, a nonsense mutation, and a splice acceptor site mutation. The remaining mutation is a missense mutation (Cys61Gly) in the zinc-binding motif. Four novel Swedish founding mutations were identified: the nucleotide 2595 deletion A was found in five families, the C 1806 T nonsense mutation in three families, the 3166 insertion TGAGA in three families, and the nucleotide 1201 deletion 11 in two families. Analysis of the intragenic polymorphism D17S855 supports common origins of the mutations. Eleven of the 15 kindreds manifesting BRCA1 mutations were breast-ovarian cancer families, several of them with a predominant ovarian cancer phenotype. The set of 32 families in which no BRCA1 alterations were detected included 1 breast-ovarian cancer kindred manifesting clear linkage to the BRCA1 region and loss of the wild-type chromosome in associated tumors. Other tumor types found in BRCA1 mutation/haplotype carriers included prostatic, pancreas, skin, and lung cancer, a malignant melanoma, an oligodendroglioma, and a carcinosarcoma. In all, 12 of 16 kindreds manifesting BRCA1 mutation or linkage contained ovarian cancer, as compared with only 6 of the remaining 31 families (P < .001). The present study confirms the involvement of BRCA1 in disease predisposition for a subset of hereditary breast cancer families often characterized by ovarian cancers. 28 refs., 3 figs., 4 tabs.

  1. Microsoft PowerPoint - 3_Gary and Brian_Wednesday 5-22 Transit...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    France Germany Italy Japan Kazakhstan Mexico Netherlands China Russia Spain United Kingdom Sweden 5 Natural Uranium Imports ...

  2. Earth plus Mars: Los Alamos National Lab partners with Spain and France

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Week

    Earth plus Mars: Los Alamos National Lab partners with Spain and France Earth plus Mars: Los Alamos National Lab partners with Spain and France New Mexico's role in the next mission to Mars will also be part of a tri-national Earthly collaboration, officials say. June 26, 2015 New Mexico's role in the next mission to Mars will also be part of a tri-national Earthly collaboration, officials say. New Mexico's role in the next mission to Mars will also be part of a tri-national Earthly

  3. Primary and secondary battery consumption trends in Sweden 1996–2013: Method development and detailed accounting by battery type

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patrício, João; Kalmykova, Yuliya; Berg, Per E.O.; Rosado, Leonardo; Åberg, Helena

    2015-05-15

    Highlights: • Developed MFA method was validated by the national statistics. • Exponential increase of EEE sales leads to increase in integrated battery consumption. • Digital convergence is likely to be a cause for primary batteries consumption decline. • Factors for estimation of integrated batteries in EE are provided. • Sweden reached the collection rates defined by European Union. - Abstract: In this article, a new method based on Material Flow Accounting is proposed to study detailed material flows in battery consumption that can be replicated for other countries. The method uses regularly available statistics on import, industrial production and export of batteries and battery-containing electric and electronic equipment (EEE). To promote method use by other scholars with no access to such data, several empirically results and their trends over time, for different types of batteries occurrence among the EEE types are provided. The information provided by the method can be used to: identify drivers of battery consumption; study the dynamic behavior of battery flows – due to technology development, policies, consumers behavior and infrastructures. The method is exemplified by the study of battery flows in Sweden for years 1996–2013. The batteries were accounted, both in units and weight, as primary and secondary batteries; loose and integrated; by electrochemical composition and share of battery use between different types of EEE. Results show that, despite a fivefold increase in the consumption of rechargeable batteries, they account for only about 14% of total use of portable batteries. Recent increase in digital convergence has resulted in a sharp decline in the consumption of primary batteries, which has now stabilized at a fairly low level. Conversely, the consumption of integrated batteries has increased sharply. In 2013, 61% of the total weight of batteries sold in Sweden was collected, and for the particular case of alkaline manganese

  4. The Building and Commissioning of the Batch Pyrolysis Plant in Studsvik, Sweden - 12447

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindberg, Maria; Oesterberg, Carl; Vernersson, Thomas

    2012-07-01

    After a sequence of lab scale and bench scale trials the building of a pyrolysis plant could begin at the Studsvik site in Sweden. The facility is primarily aimed at treatment of uranium contaminated organic waste originating at fuel manufacturing plants and other facilities where the main contamination is uranium. The plant is an extension/addition to the already operating incinerator. In order to further widen the waste acceptance criteria the design of the off-gas treatment system does not have the same design as that of the incinerator. The building of the facility began in April 2011, and the first heating of the facility took place in late December, 2011. The site acceptance tests are planned for January, as are the first inactive trials aimed at optimisation of process control. The facility is planned to be operating with radioactive materials from February 2012. The pyrolysis unit is primarily aimed at treatment of uranium contaminated waste, under conditions that facilitate leaching and recovery of the uranium from the ashes. However, a number of other uses are conceivable. The batch fed pyrolysis unit, with its chosen design of the off-gas treatment system, enables treatment of some waste fractions that are difficult to treat in the incinerator. For instance small campaigns, i.e. smaller quantities of waste (typically <5 tonnes), or waste containing high levels of chlorine and sulphur are possible to treat in the pyrolysis unit. The pyrolysis unit is also expected to perform well in the treatment of other 'difficult' waste fractions, for instance waste containing pyrophoric materials, or other types of waste that benefit from the high level of process control, i.e. control of temperature and atmosphere throughout the process, that can be obtained in the pyrolysis unit compared to the incinerator. Furthermore, treatment in the pyrolysis unit minimises the risk of cross contamination between different waste treatment campaigns. This feature is obtained

  5. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Europe: Spain, Italy, Bulgaria Asia: South Korea, India, Thailand 3 Renewable Operations Centers (ROC): * North America: Belmont, CA * Europe: Madrid, Spain * Asia: ...

  6. The characteristics of local atmospheric circulation around the Wolsung NPP in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, G.B.; Lee, M.C.; Song, Y.I.

    1998-12-31

    The transport of air pollutants in coastal regions has been known to be strongly affected by the mesoscale atmospheric circulations such as sea-land breezes. These mesoscale atmospheric circulations depend on synoptic weather conditions. In this study, a three-dimensional sea-land breeze model was developed to evaluate the effects of the sea and land breezes on the atmospheric dispersion of radioactive materials released from nuclear power plants in Korea. In the model, the hydrostatic primitive equations in the terrain-following coordinate system were used. The mesoscale atmospheric circulation simulation were carried out under various synoptic weather conditions for all seasons around the Wolsung nuclear power plant site.

  7. Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on the implementation of ALARA at nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khan, T.A.; Roecklein, A.K.

    1995-03-01

    This report contains the papers presented and the discussions that took place at the Third International Workshop on ALARA Implementation at Nuclear Power Plants, held in Hauppauge, Long Island, New York from May 8--11, 1994. The purpose of the workshop was to bring together scientists, engineers, health physicists, regulators, managers and other persons who are involved with occupational dose control and ALARA issues. The countries represented were: Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. The workshop was organized into twelve sessions and three panel discussions. Individual papers have been cataloged separately.

  8. ,"Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to South Korea (Million Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    South Korea (Million Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to South Korea (Million Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","6/2016" ,"Release Date:","08/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","09/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  9. Thermal and thermomechanical data from in situ heater experiments at Stripa, Sweden. Technical Information Report No. 29

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chan, T.; Binnall, E.; Nelson, P.; Stolzman, R.; Wan, O.; Weaver, C.; Ang, K.; Braley, J.; McEvoy, M.

    1980-09-01

    Heater experiments were conducted in a granite body adjacent to a recently abandoned iron ore mine at Stripa, Sweden, to investigate the response of a hard rock mass to thermal loading. Heating commenced in June, 1978 and lasted for approximately one year. The rock was heavily instrumented to measure the temperature, displacement, and stress fields. Monitoring of the rock response continued for half a year after the heaters were deactivated. In-situ post-experiment calibrations of instrumentation were completed by June 1980. The enormous data base (approximately 50 million measurements), recorded by a computer-based data acquisition system, has now been structured, verified, and converted to engineering units. This report describes the types of data available and the procedures used for data acquisition, transfer, encoding-decoding, reorganization, storage, processing, and verification. Information is given on data structure and format and how potential users can access the computer-readable data.

  10. Development of an Integrated Natural Barrier Database System for Site Evaluation of a Deep Geologic Repository in Korea - 13527

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jung, Haeryong; Lee, Eunyong; Jeong, YiYeong; Lee, Jeong-Hwan

    2013-07-01

    Korea Radioactive-waste Management Corporation (KRMC) established in 2009 has started a new project to collect information on long-term stability of deep geological environments on the Korean Peninsula. The information has been built up in the integrated natural barrier database system available on web (www.deepgeodisposal.kr). The database system also includes socially and economically important information, such as land use, mining area, natural conservation area, population density, and industrial complex, because some of this information is used as exclusionary criteria during the site selection process for a deep geological repository for safe and secure containment and isolation of spent nuclear fuel and other long-lived radioactive waste in Korea. Although the official site selection process has not been started yet in Korea, current integrated natural barrier database system and socio-economic database is believed that the database system will be effectively utilized to narrow down the number of sites where future investigation is most promising in the site selection process for a deep geological repository and to enhance public acceptance by providing readily-available relevant scientific information on deep geological environments in Korea. (authors)

  11. Cyber Wars Have SQUIDs, Will Travel A Trip to Nuclear North Korea

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    lo s a l a m o s s c i e n c e a n d t e c h n o lo g y m ag a z i n e JUly 20 09 Wired for the Future Cyber Wars Have SQUIDs, Will Travel A Trip to Nuclear North Korea 1 663 lo s a l a m o s s c i e n c e a n d t e c h n o lo g y m ag a z i n e J U ly 2 0 0 9 During the Manhattan Project, Enrico Fermi, Nobel Laureate and leader of F-Division, meets with San Ildefonso Pueblo's Maria Martinez, famous worldwide for her extraordinary black pottery. features from terry wallace PrINcIPaL aSSocIatE

  12. Investigation of relativistic runaway electrons in electron cyclotron resonance heating discharges on Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kang, C. S.; Lee, S. G.

    2014-07-15

    The behavior of relativistic runaway electrons during Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating (ECRH) discharges is investigated in the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research device. The effect of the ECRH on the runaway electron population is discussed. Observations on the generation of superthermal electrons during ECRH will be reported, which will be shown to be consistent with existing theory for the development of a superthermal electron avalanche during ECRH [A. Lazaros, Phys. Plasmas 8, 1263 (2001)].

  13. Global climate change and maize production in Spain: Risk assessment and impacts of weather on yields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feijoo, M.L.; Mestre, F.; Iglesias, A.; Rosenzweig, C.

    1996-12-31

    The study evaluates the potential effect of climate change on maize production in Spain, combining climate models, a crop productivity model, a decision support system and a yield-response model. The study was carried out for two agricultural regions that include the largest areas of Spain where maize is grown as a high input crop. The paper combines the output from a crop model with different techniques of analysis. The scenarios used in this study were generated from the output of two General Circulation Models (GCMs): the Goddard Institute for Space Studies model (GISS) and the Canadian Climate Change Model (CCCM). The study also includes a preliminary evaluation of the potential changes in monetary returns taking into account the possible variability of grain yields and prices, using mean-Gini stochastic dominance (MGSD). A yield response model was estimated using simulated data from the crop model. Weather variables are included. Typically, temperature and precipitation are the only weather variables included in these models. However, solar radiation is another important climate factor for plant growth and development and were included in the yield response model.

  14. A proposal to improve ecological compensation practice in road and railway projects in Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Villarroya, Ana Puig, Jordi

    2013-09-15

    To reduce ecological impacts caused by development projects, avoidance, minimization and compensation techniques have to be taken together into consideration along Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) procedures. This paper explores the particular role that ecological compensation has had in recent road and railway EIA procedures in Spain, as seen through the review of a set of recent EIA Records of Decision (RODs) that confirms precedent findings. Noticing that residual impacts are not paid much attention, and that there is no evidence of a solid public participation in ecological impact evaluation, it proposes to increase the awareness on residual impacts, as a way to make easier public access to the allegedly most sensitive moment of EIA implementation: (residual) impact evaluation. -- Highlights: ► Ecological compensation practice in Spain is much lower than avoidance or mitigation. ► Residual impacts are overlooked in EIA processes and public participation is low. ► An increased awareness of residual impacts may also promote public participation. ► Current context needs these small steps to move towards better compensation practice.

  15. Lessons learned from the Siting Process of an Interim Storage Facility in Spain - 12024

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lamolla, Meritxell Martell

    2012-07-01

    On 29 December 2009, the Spanish government launched a site selection process to host a centralised interim storage facility for spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste. It was an unprecedented call for voluntarism among Spanish municipalities to site a controversial facility. Two nuclear municipalities, amongst a total of thirteen municipalities from five different regions, presented their candidatures to host the facility in their territories. For two years the government did not make a decision. Only in November 30, 2011, the new government elected on 20 November 2011 officially selected a non-nuclear municipality, Villar de Canas, for hosting this facility. This paper focuses on analysing the factors facilitating and hindering the siting of controversial facilities, in particular the interim storage facility in Spain. It demonstrates that involving all stakeholders in the decision-making process should not be underestimated. In the case of Spain, all regional governments where there were candidate municipalities willing to host the centralised interim storage facility, publicly opposed to the siting of the facility. (author)

  16. First results on disruption mitigation by massive gas injection in Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu Yaowei; Kim, Young-Ok; Kim, Hak-Kun; Kim, Hong-Tack; Kim, Woong-Chae; Kim, Kwang-Pyo; Son, Soo-Hyun; Bang, Eun-Nam; Hong, Suk-Ho; Yoon, Si-Woo; Zhuang Huidong; Chen Zhongyong

    2012-12-15

    Massive gas injection (MGI) system was developed on Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) in 2011 campaign for disruption studies. The MGI valve has a volume of 80 ml and maximum injection pressure of 50 bar, the diameter of valve orifice to vacuum vessel is 18.4 mm, the distance between MGI valve and plasma edge is {approx}3.4 m. The MGI power supply employs a large capacitor of 1 mF with the maximum voltage of 3 kV, the valve can be opened in less than 0.1 ms, and the amount of MGI can be controlled by the imposed voltage. During KSTAR 2011 campaign, MGI disruptions are carried out by triggering MGI during the flat top of circular and limiter discharges with plasma current 400 kA and magnetic field 2-3.5 T, deuterium injection pressure 39.7 bar, and imposed voltage 1.1-1.4 kV. The results show that MGI could mitigate the heat load and prevent runaway electrons with proper MGI amount, and MGI penetration is deeper under higher amount of MGI or lower magnetic field. However, plasma start-up is difficult after some of D{sub 2} MGI disruptions due to the high deuterium retention and consequently strong outgassing of deuterium in next shot, special effort should be made to get successful plasma start-up after deuterium MGI under the graphite first wall.

  17. Biogeochemical Changes at Early Stage After the Closure of Radioactive Waste Geological Repository in South Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choung, Sungwook; Um, Wooyong; Choi, Seho; Francis, Arokiasamy J.; Kim, Sungpyo; Park, Jin beak; Kim, Suk-Hoon

    2014-09-01

    Permanent disposal of low- and intermediate-level radioactive wastes in the subterranean environment has been the preferred method of many countries, including Korea. A safety issue after the closure of a geological repository is that biodegradation of organic materials due to microbial activities generates gases that lead to overpressure of the waste containers in the repository and its disintegration with the release of radionuclides. As part of an ongoing large-scale in situ experiment using organic wastes and groundwater to simulate geological radioactive waste repository conditions, we investigated the geochemical alteration and microbial activities at an early stage (~63 days) intended to be representative of the initial period after repository closure. The increased numbers of both aerobes and facultative anaerobes in waste effluents indicate that oxygen content could be the most significant parameter to control biogeochemical conditions at very early periods of reaction (<35 days). Accordingly, the values of dissolved oxygen and redox potential were decreased. The activation of anaerobes after 35 days was supported by the increased concentration to ~50 mg L-1 of ethanol. These results suggest that the biogeochemical conditions were rapidly altered to more reducing and anaerobic conditions within the initial 2 months after repository closure. Although no gases were detected during the study, activated anaerobic microbes will play more important role in gas generation over the long term.

  18. Development of frequency modulation reflectometer for Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research tokamak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seo, Seong-Heon; Wi, H. M.; Lee, W. R.; Kim, H. S.; Lee, T. G.; Kim, Y. S.; Park, Jinhyung; Kang, Jin-Seob; Bog, M. G.; Yokota, Y.; Mase, A.

    2013-08-15

    Frequency modulation reflectometer has been developed to measure the plasma density profile of the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research tokamak. Three reflectometers are operating in extraordinary polarization mode in the frequency range of Q band (33.6–54 GHz), V band (48–72 GHz), and W band (72–108 GHz) to measure the density up to 7 × 10{sup 19} m{sup −3} when the toroidal magnetic field is 2 T on axis. The antenna is installed inside of the vacuum vessel. A new vacuum window is developed by using 50 μm thick mica film and 0.1 mm thick gold gasket. The filter bank of low pass filter, notch filter, and Faraday isolator is used to reject the electron cyclotron heating high power at attenuation of 60 dB. The full frequency band is swept in 20 μs. The mixer output is directly digitized with sampling rate of 100 MSamples/s. The phase is obtained by using wavelet transform. The whole hardware and software system is described in detail and the measured density profile is presented as a result.

  19. OECD Input-Output Tables | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    714271111,00.html Country: Sweden, Finland, Japan, South Korea, Argentina, Australia, China, Israel, United Kingdom, Portugal, Romania, Greece, Poland, Slovakia, Chile, India,...

  20. Evaluation of models for estimating solar irradiation on vertical surfaces at Valencia, Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Utrillas, M.P.; Martinez-Lozano, J.A.; Casanovas, A.J. )

    1991-01-01

    Hourly irradiation data recorded on vertical surfaces at north, east, south, and west orientations during the winter period going from December 1989 to March 1990 in Valencia, Spain, have been compared with estimated solar irradiation from several tilted-surface models. The isotropic-, Temps' and Coulson's-, Klucher's-, Hay's-, Shartveit's and Olseth's, Gueymard's-, and Perez' (simplified) models have been considered for this comparison. Root-mean-square-difference (RMSD), mean-bias-difference (MBD) and mean-absolute-difference (MAD) estimators have been used to measure the departure of models from experimental data. Modeled values are evaluated with the original coefficients proposed by the authors. Results of comparison show that the south orientation is less prone to modeling errors. Perez' 25{degree} circumsolar simplified model being the less affected by errors in north, eat and south orientations; for west orientation Klucher's model gives a lesser error. These results are consistent with those reported in previous studies.

  1. Cadmium exposure and cardiovascular disease in the 2005 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Mi-Sun; Park, Sung Kyun; Hu, Howard; Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI ; Lee, Sundong; Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Oriental Medicine, Sangji University, Wonju, Kangwon

    2011-01-15

    Background: Limited epidemiologic data are available concerning the cardiovascular effects of cadmium exposure, although recent studies suggest associations with myocardial infarction and peripheral arterial disease. We examined the associations of cadmium exposure with cardiovascular disease in nationally representative general Korean adults. Methods: We used cross-sectional data on blood cadmium and self-reported diagnoses of ischemic heart disease (IHD), stroke, and hypertension in a sub-sample of 1908 adults, aged 20 years and older, who participated in the 2005 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). We used survey logistic regression models accounting for the complex sampling design to estimate the odds ratios (OR), adjusting for age, education, income, alcohol, smoking, body mass index, waist circumference, family history of hypertension, blood pressure, and blood lead. Results: The geometric mean of blood cadmium was 1.53 {mu}g/L. After adjusting for potential confounders, an interquartile range (IQR) increase in blood cadmium (0.91 {mu}g/L) was found to be associated with an increased risk for IHD (OR 2.1, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.3-3.4). An IQR increase in blood cadmium was found to be associated with an elevated risk for hypertension only among men (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1-1.8) but not among women. No association was observed with stroke in both genders. Conclusions: These findings suggest that cadmium in blood may be associated with an increased risk for IHD and hypertension in the general Korean adult population.

  2. A nuclear physics program at the Rare Isotope Beams Accelerator Facility in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moon, Chang-Bum

    2014-04-15

    This paper outlines the new physics possibilities that fall within the field of nuclear structure and astrophysics based on experiments with radioactive ion beams at the future Rare Isotope Beams Accelerator facility in Korea. This ambitious multi-beam facility has both an Isotope Separation On Line (ISOL) and fragmentation capability to produce rare isotopes beams (RIBs) and will be capable of producing and accelerating beams of wide range mass of nuclides with energies of a few to hundreds MeV per nucleon. The large dynamic range of reaccelerated RIBs will allow the optimization in each nuclear reaction case with respect to cross section and channel opening. The low energy RIBs around Coulomb barrier offer nuclear reactions such as elastic resonance scatterings, one or two particle transfers, Coulomb multiple-excitations, fusion-evaporations, and direct capture reactions for the study of the very neutron-rich and proton-rich nuclides. In contrast, the high energy RIBs produced by in-flight fragmentation with reaccelerated ions from the ISOL enable to explore the study of neutron drip lines in intermediate mass regions. The proposed studies aim at investigating the exotic nuclei near and beyond the nucleon drip lines, and to explore how nuclear many-body systems change in such extreme regions by addressing the following topics: the evolution of shell structure in areas of extreme proton to neutron imbalance; the study of the weak interaction in exotic decay schemes such as beta-delayed two-neutron or two-proton emission; the change of isospin symmetry in isobaric mirror nuclei at the drip lines; two protons or two neutrons radioactivity beyond the drip lines; the role of the continuum states including resonant states above the particle-decay threshold in exotic nuclei; and the effects of nuclear reaction rates triggered by the unbound proton-rich nuclei on nuclear astrophysical processes.

  3. Test Site Sweden

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C.

  4. Inauguration Expo Sweden

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    Le DG H.Schopper inaugure cette exposition, remercie les personnes qui ont contribué à sa réalisation et donne la parole à l'ambassadeur de Suède et aux autres intervenants

  5. Energi E2 A S | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    company which owns and operates CHP-based power stations in Denmark, hydroelectric power plants in Sweden and Norway as well as wind assets in Sweden, Greece and Spain....

  6. Development and operativity of a real-time radiological monitoring network centered on the nuclear power plant of Almaraz (Spain)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baeza, A.; Miro, C.; Puerto, J.A. del; Rio, M. del; Ortiz, F.; Paniagua, J.M.

    1993-12-01

    This work presents the hardware and software characteristics of the environmental surveillance radiological network that has been installed around the nuclear power station of Almaraz (Spain). A description is given of the program RADLINE which allows radiological data to be logged in real time, and a study is made of the operativity of the network and the methodology followed in establishing the radiological pre-alert and alert levels.

  7. An analysis of markets for small-scale, advanced coal-combustion technology in Spain, Italy, and Turkey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-09-01

    This report describes the results of an in-depth analysis of markets for US-developed, advanced coal-combustion technology (ACT) in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors of three countries -- Spain, Italy, and Turkey. These countries were chosen in a previous study, in which member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) were rated on eight factors influencing their propensity to use small-scale, US-developed ACT. 76 refs., 16 figs., 14 tabs.

  8. International Energy Agency (IEA) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.2 Headlines IEA Deputy Executive Director explores...

  9. Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom and United States Mission OECD brings together the governments of...

  10. Press Pass - Press Release - The CMS Tracking Detector's Midnight...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden,...

  11. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania...

  12. UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States Cost: Free Australia and New Zealand, Western...

  13. Appendix A: Reference case

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. 3 Other Europe and Eurasia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan,...

  14. Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela UN Region: Northern America,...

  15. The estimation of N{sub 2}O emissions from municipal solid waste incineration facilities: The Korea case

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, Sangwon; Choi, Jun-Ho; Park, Jinwon

    2011-08-15

    The greenhouse gases (GHGs) generated in municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration are carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), methane (CH{sub 4}), and nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O). In South Korea case, the total of GHGs from the waste incineration facilities has been increasing at an annual rate 10%. In these view, waste incineration facilities should consider to reduce GHG emissions. This study is designed to estimate the N{sub 2}O emission factors from MSW incineration plants, and calculate the N{sub 2}O emissions based on these factors. The three MSW incinerators examined in this study were either stoker or both stoker and rotary kiln facilities. The N{sub 2}O concentrations from the MSW incinerators were measured using gas chromatography-electron capture detection (GC-ECD) equipment. The average of the N{sub 2}O emission factors for the M01 plant, M02 plant, and M03 plant are 71, 75, and 153 g-N{sub 2}O/ton-waste, respectively. These results showed a significant difference from the default values of the intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC), while approaching those values derived in Japan and Germany. Furthermore, comparing the results of this study to the Korea Energy Economics Institute (KEEI) (2007) data on waste incineration, N{sub 2}O emissions from MSW incineration comprised 19% of the total N{sub 2}O emissions.

  16. Association between Electronic Cigarette Use and Asthma among High School Students in South Korea

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Cho, Jun Ho; Paik, Samuel Y.

    2016-03-04

    Little is known about health outcomes related to electronic cigarette (EC) use, despite its growing popularity. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between EC use and asthma. The study design is a cross-sectional study. A total of 35,904 high school students were included as the final study population. The presence of asthma was based on a student’s self-reported doctor diagnosis of asthma in the past 12 months. Results showed prevalence rates of asthmatics in ‘current EC users’ (n = 2,513), ‘former EC users’ (n = 2,078), and ‘never EC users’ (n = 31,313), were 3.9% (nmore » = 98), 2.2% (n = 46) and 1.7% (n = 530), respectively. Comparing ‘current EC’ users with ‘never EC’ users, the unadjusted OR for asthma was 2.36 (95% CI: 1.89–2.94). In order to control for the effect of conventional cigarette (CC) smoking, after stratifying the subjects by the three CC smoking categories (never CC, former CC, and current CC), within the ‘never CC’ category, the unadjusted OR for asthma for ‘current EC’ users was 3.41 (95% CI: 1.79–6.49), and the adjusted OR was 2.74 (95% CI: 1.30–5.78). Severe asthma was reflected by the number of days absent from school due to asthma symptoms; current EC users had the highest adjusted OR for severe asthma compared to ‘never EC’ users. In conclusion, when compared to a reference population of high school students in South Korea, EC users have an increased association with asthma and are more likely to have had days absent from school due to severe asthma symptoms. In conclusion, the results indicate that EC use may be a risk factor for asthma. The results may be useful in developing a scientific basis for the evaluation of a potential health hazard by EC.« less

  17. Fractionation of heavy metals in sludge from anaerobic wastewater stabilization ponds in southern Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alonso, E.

    2006-07-01

    The analysis of heavy metals is a very important task to assess the potential environmental and health risk associated with the sludge coming from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). However, it is necessary to apply sequential extraction techniques to obtain suitable information about their bioavailability or toxicity. In this paper, a sequential extraction scheme according to the Standard, Measurements and Testing Programme of the European Commission was applied to sludge samples collected from ten anaerobic wastewater stabilization ponds (WSPs) located in southern Spain. Al, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Ti and Zn were determined in the sludge extracts by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry. In relation to current international legislation for the use of sludge for agricultural purposes, none of the metal concentrations exceeded maximum permitted levels. Overall, heavy metals were mainly associated with the two less-available fractions (34% oxidizable metal and 55% residual metal). Only Mn and Zn showed the highest share of the available (exchangeable and reducible) fractions (25-48%)

  18. Superconducting magnet performance for 28 GHz electron cyclotron resonance ion source developed at the Korea Basic Science Institute

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, Jin Yong; Pusan National University, Busan ; Choi, Seyong; Lee, Byoung-Seob; Yoon, Jang-Hee; Ok, Jung-Woo; Shin, Chang Seouk; Won, Mi-Sook; Kim, Byoung Chul; Ahn, Jung Keun

    2014-02-15

    A superconducting magnet for use in an electron cyclotron resonance ion source was developed at the Korea Basic Science Institute. The superconducting magnet is comprised of three solenoids and a hexapole magnet. According to the design value, the solenoid magnets can generate a mirror field, resulting in axial magnetic fields of 3.6 T at the injection area and 2.2 T at the extraction region. A radial field strength of 2.1 T can also be achieved by hexapole magnet on the plasma chamber wall. NbTi superconducting wire was used in the winding process following appropriate techniques for magnet structure. The final assembly of the each magnet involved it being vertically inserted into the cryostat to cool down the temperature using liquid helium. The performance of each solenoid and hexapole magnet was separately verified experimentally. The construction of the superconducting coil, the entire magnet assembly for performance testing and experimental results are reported herein.

  19. A Study on Optimized Management Options for the Wolsong Low- and Intermediate - Level Waste Disposal Center in Korea - 13479

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, JooWan; Kim, DongSun; Choi, DongEun [Korea Radioactive Waste Management Corporation, Korea 89, Bukseongno, Gyeongju, 780-050 (Korea, Republic of)] [Korea Radioactive Waste Management Corporation, Korea 89, Bukseongno, Gyeongju, 780-050 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-07-01

    The safe and effective management of radioactive waste is a national task required for sustainable generation of nuclear power and for energy self-reliance in Korea. Currently, for permanent disposal of low- and intermediate-level waste (LILW), the Wolsong LILW Disposal Center (WLDC) is under construction. It will accommodate a total of 800,000 drums at the final stage after stepwise expansion. As an implementing strategy for cost-effective development of the WLDC, various disposal options suitable for waste classification schemes would be considered. It is also needed an optimized management of the WLDC by taking a countermeasure of volume reduction treatment. In this study, various management options to be applied to each waste class are analyzed in terms of its inventory and disposal cost. For the volume reduction and stabilization of waste, the vitrification and plasma melting methods are considered for combustible and incombustible waste, respectively. (authors)

  20. Road-corridor planning in the EIA procedure in Spain. A review of case studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loro, Manuel [Department of Urban and Regional Planning and Environment, Civil Engineering School, Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Transport Research Centre Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Prof. Aranguren s Centro de investigacin del transporte, TRANSyT-UPM, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Arce, Rosa M. [Department of Urban and Regional Planning and Environment, Civil Engineering School, Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Transport Research Centre Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Prof. Aranguren s Centro de investigacin del transporte, TRANSyT-UPM, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Ortega, Emilio [Transport Research Centre Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Prof. Aranguren s Centro de investigacin del transporte, TRANSyT-UPM, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Department of Construction and Rural Roads, Forestry Engineering School, Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s and others

    2014-01-15

    The assessment of different alternatives in road-corridor planning must be based on a number of well-defined territorial variables that serve as decision making criteria, and this requires a high-quality preliminary environmental assessment study. In Spain the formal specifications for the technical requirements stipulate the constraints that must be considered in the early stages of defining road corridors, but not how they should be analyzed and ranked. As part of the feasibility study of a new road definition, the most common methodology is to establish different levels of Territorial Carrying Capacity (TCC) in the study area in order to summarize the territorial variables on thematic maps and to ease the tracing process of road-corridor layout alternatives. This paper explores the variables used in 22 road-construction projects conducted by the Ministry of Public Works that were subject to the Spanish EIA regulation and published between 2006 and 2008. The aim was to evaluate the quality of the methods applied and the homogeneity and suitability of the variables used for defining the TCC. The variables were clustered into physical, environmental, land-use and cultural constraints for the purpose of comparing the TCC values assigned in the studies reviewed. We found the average quality of the studies to be generally acceptable in terms of the justification of the methodology, the weighting and classification of the variables, and the creation of a synthesis map. Nevertheless, the methods for assessing the TCC are not sufficiently standardized; there is a lack of uniformity in the cartographic information sources and methodologies for the TCC valuation. -- Highlights: We explore 22 road-corridor planning studies subjected to the Spanish EIA regulation. We analyze the variables selected for defining territorial carrying capacity. The quality of the studies is acceptable (methodology, variable weighting, mapping). There is heterogeneity in the methods for

  1. Matt Schatzman € Houston € 22 October 2007

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... Belgium Japan France Italy Mexico Norway* South Korea Spain Taiwan Turkey UAE US UK India ... Jan Mar May Jul Sep Nov Other Mexico (east) UK EU Main China India Taiwan S Korea Japan ...

  2. SABICs Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Material used to Produce the...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tony Cerruti, Marketing Director, Americas, for SABIC's Innovative Plastics business ... in Saudi Arabia, the USA, the Netherlands, Spain, Japan, India, China and South Korea. ...

  3. Status Company Terminal Term

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    behalf and as an agent for others. (b) UK, Belguim, Spain, France, Italy, Portugal, Turkey, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Japan, S. Korea, India,...

  4. Cadmium exposure and neuropsychological development in school children in southwestern Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodríguez-Barranco, Miguel; Lacasaña, Marina; Gil, Fernando; Lorca, Andres; Alguacil, Juan; Rohlman, Diane S.; González-Alzaga, Beatriz; Molina-Villalba, Isabel; Mendoza, Ramón; Aguilar-Garduño, Clemente

    2014-10-15

    This study assessed the association between cadmium exposure and neuropsychological development in children from a region with high industrial and mining activities in southwestern Spain. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 261 children aged 6–9 years between January and March 2012. Cadmium exposure was measured in urine and hair of children, and neuropsychological development was assessed with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) and with three computerized tests from the Behavioral Assessment and Research System (BARS): Reaction Time Test (RTT), Continuous Performance Test (CPT) and Selective Attention Test (SAT). Multivariate linear regression models, adjusted for potential confounders, were used to estimate the association between neuropsychological development and cadmium exposure measured in urine and hair samples. Geometric means of urine and hair cadmium levels were 0.75 μg/g creatinine and 0.01 μg/g, respectively. We observed that doubling of levels of cadmium in urine was associated with a reduction of two points (95% CI: −3.8 to −0.4) in the Full-Scale intelligence quotient (IQ) in boys. By domains, association was statistically significant for Verbal Comprehension (β=−2.0; p=0.04) and close to the significance level for Perceptual Reasoning (β=−1.8; p=0.06). Among girls, only Verbal Comprehension showed suggestive associations with cadmium exposure (β=−1.7; p=0.06). Cadmium exposure is associated with cognitive delays in boys in our region. Our results provide additional evidence of the neurotoxic effect of low-level postnatal cadmium exposure among children, and support the hypothesis of differences between sexes in the neurotoxic effect of metals on children. - Highlights: • This study associates Cd exposure and neuropsychological development in children. • Cd exposure was associated with cognitive delay in boys, but not in girls. • Intellectual quotient of boys decreased two points for a

  5. An analysis of markets for small-scale, advanced coal-combustion technology in Spain, Italy, and Turkey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Placet, M.; Gerry, P.A.; Kenski, D.M.; Kern, D.M.; Nehring, J.L.; Szpunar, C.B.

    1989-09-01

    This report discusses the examination of potential overseas markets for using small-scale, US-developed, advanced coal-combustion technologies (ACTs). In previous work, member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) were rated on their potential for using ACTs through a comprehensive screening methodology. The three most promising OECD markets were found to be Spain, Italy, and Turkey. This report provides in-depth analyses of these three selected countries. First, it addresses changes in the European Community with particular reference to the 1992 restructuring and its potential effect on the energy situation in Europe, specifically in the three subject countries. It presents individual country studies that examine demographics, economics, building infrastructures, and energy-related factors. Potential niches for ACTs are explored for each country through regional analyses. Marketing channels, strategies, and the trading environments in each country are also discussed. The information gathered indicates that Turkey is a most promising market, Spain is a fairly promising market, and Italy appears to be a somewhat limited market for US ACTs. 76 refs., 16 figs., 14 tabs.

  6. Life cycle assessment as an analytical tool in strategic environmental assessment. Lessons learned from a case study on municipal energy planning in Sweden

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bjoerklund, Anna

    2012-01-15

    Life cycle assessment (LCA) is explored as an analytical tool in strategic environmental assessment (SEA), illustrated by case where a previously developed SEA process was applied to municipal energy planning in Sweden. The process integrated decision-making tools for scenario planning, public participation and environmental assessment. This article describes the use of LCA for environmental assessment in this context, with focus on methodology and practical experiences. While LCA provides a systematic framework for the environmental assessment and a wider systems perspective than what is required in SEA, LCA cannot address all aspects of environmental impact required, and therefore needs to be complemented by other tools. The integration of LCA with tools for public participation and scenario planning posed certain methodological challenges, but provided an innovative approach to designing the scope of the environmental assessment and defining and assessing alternatives. - Research highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer LCA was explored as analytical tool in an SEA process of municipal energy planning. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The process also integrated LCA with scenario planning and public participation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Benefits of using LCA were a systematic framework and wider systems perspective. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Integration of tools required some methodological challenges to be solved. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This proved an innovative approach to define alternatives and scope of assessment.

  7. Water quality changes in acid mine drainage streams in Gangneung, Korea, 10 years after treatment with limestone

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shim, Moo Joon; Choi, Byoung Young; Lee, Giehyeon; Hwang, Yun Ho; Yang, Jung-Seok; O'Loughlin, Edward J.; Kwon, Man Jae

    2015-12-01

    To determine the long-term effectiveness of the limestone treatment for acid mine drainage (AMD) in Gangneung, Korea, we investigated the elemental distribution in streams impacted by AMD and compared the results of previous studies before and approximately 10 years after the addition of limestone. Addition of limestone in 1999 leads to a pH increase in 2008, and with the exception of Ca, the elemental concentrations (e.g., Fe, Mn, Mg, Sr, Ni, Zn, S) in the streams decreased. The pH was 2.5–3 before the addition of limestone and remained stable at around 4.5–5 from 2008 to 2011, suggesting the reactivity of the added limestone was diminished and that an alternative approach is needed to increase the pH up to circumneutral range and maintain effective long-term treatment. To identify the processes causing the decrease in the elemental concentrations, we also examined the spatial (approximately 7 km) distribution over three different types of streams affected by the AMD. The elemental distribution was mainly controlled by physicochemical processes including redox reactions, dilution on mixing, and co-precipitation/adsorption with Fe (hydr)oxides.

  8. Edge localized mode characteristics during edge localized mode mitigation by supersonic molecular beam injection in Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, H. Y.; Hong, J. H.; Jang, J. H.; Park, J. S.; Choe, Wonho; Hahn, S. H.; Bak, J. G.; Lee, J. H.; Ko, W. H.; Lee, K. D.; Lee, S. H.; Lee, H. H.; Juhn, J.-W.; Kim, H. S.; Yoon, S. W.; Han, H.; Ghim, Y.-C.

    2015-12-15

    It has been reported that supersonic molecular beam injection (SMBI) is an effective means of edge localized mode (ELM) mitigation. This paper newly reports the changes in the ELM, plasma profiles, and fluctuation characteristics during ELM mitigation by SMBI in Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research. During the mitigated ELM phase, the ELM frequency increased by a factor of 2–3 and the ELM size, which was estimated from the D{sub α} amplitude, the fractional changes in the plasma-stored energy and the line-averaged electron density, and divertor heat flux during an ELM burst, decreased by a factor of 0.34–0.43. Reductions in the electron and ion temperatures rather than in the electron density were observed during the mitigated ELM phase. In the natural ELM phase, frequency chirping of the plasma fluctuations was observed before the ELM bursts; however, the ELM bursts occurred without changes in the plasma fluctuation frequency in the mitigated ELM phase.

  9. Climatic implications of correlated upper Pleistocene glacial and fluvial deposits on the Cinca and Gallego rivers, NE Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, Claudia J; Mcdonald, Eric; Sancho, Carlos; Pena, Jose- Luis

    2008-01-01

    We correlate Upper Pleistocene glacial and fluvial deposits of the Cinca and Gallego River valleys (south central Pyrenees and Ebro basin, Spain) using geomorphic position, luminescence dates, and time-related trends in soil development. The ages obtained from glacial deposits indicate glacial periods at 85 {+-} 5 ka, 64 {+-} 11 ka, and 36 {+-} 3 ka (from glacial till) and 20 {+-} 3 ka (from loess). The fluvial drainage system, fed by glaciers in the headwaters, developed extensive terrace systems in the Cinca River valley at 178 {+-} 21 ka, 97 {+-} 16 ka, 61 {+-} 4 ka, 47 {+-} 4 ka, and 11 {+-} 1 ka, and in the Gallego River valley at 151 {+-} 11 ka, 68 {+-} 7 ka, and 45 {+-} 3 ka. The times of maximum geomorphic activity related to cold phases coincide with Late Pleistocene marine isotope stages and heinrich events. The maximum extent of glaciers during the last glacial occurred at 64 {+-} 11 ka, and the terraces correlated with this glacial phase are the most extensive in both the Cinca (61 {+-} 4 ka) and Gallego (68 {+-} 7 ka) valleys, indicating a strong increase in fluvial discharge and availability of sediments related to the transition to deglaciation. The global Last Glacial Maximum is scarcely represented in the south central Pyrenees owing to dominantly dry conditions at that time. Precipitation must be controlled by the position of the Iberian Peninsula with respect to the North Atlantic atmospheric circulation system. The glacial systems and the associated fluvial dynamic seem sensitive to (1) global climate changes controlled by insolation, (2) North Atlantic thermohaline circulation influenced by freshwater pulses into the North Atlantic, and (3) anomalies in atmospheric circulation in the North Atlantic controlling precipitation on the Iberian peninsula. The model of glacial and fluvial evolution during the Late Pleistocene in northern Spain could be extrapolated to other glaciated mountainous areas in southern Europe.

  10. Strategy making and power in environmental assessments. Lessons from the establishment of an out-of-town shopping centre in Vaesteras, Sweden

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Isaksson, Karolina; Storbjoerk, Sofie

    2012-04-15

    This paper seeks to provide deeper insights into how EA ineffectiveness is produced in land use planning practice. This is explored in a study of local development planning in the city of Vaesteras, Sweden. The case in question is the development of a large out-of-town shopping centre, propelled by the establishment of a new IKEA furniture store. The Healey (2007) framework of planning as strategy making is applied as an analytical framework, together with a focus on power-knowledge relations. In the analysis, we identify a range of mechanisms that produced ineffectiveness by limiting the role of environmental knowledge throughout the planning process. The specific mechanisms we identified were related to the overall consensus perspective in local development strategies and plans, a lack of concretisation and integration of various policies and strategies, a range of exclusion mechanisms and an overall focus on mitigation and benefits of the process in question. In practice, these mechanisms were closely intertwined. Our main conclusion is, consequently, that increased effectiveness of EA would require fundamental transformation of the norms, frameworks and routines that implicitly and explicitly guide land use planning in practice. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We analyse how EA-ineffectiveness is produced in land use planning practice. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Several mechanisms produce EA-ineffectiveness throughout the whole planning process. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer These mechanisms are often closely intertwined and mutually reinforcing each other. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Enhancing EA-effectiveness requires a fundamental shift of the norms, frameworks and routines shaping planning practice.

  11. A 700 year sediment record of black carbon and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons near the EMEP air monitoring station in Aspvreten, Sweden

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marie Elmquist; Zdenek Zencak; Oerjan Gustafsson

    2007-10-15

    In view of poor constraints on historical combustion emissions, past environmental loadings of black carbon (BC) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) were reconstructed from dated lake sediment cores collected 70 km south of Stockholm, Sweden. Compared to several dramatic variations over the recent 150 years, the preindustrial loadings were steady within {+-}50% through the entire medieval with BC fluxes of 0.071 g m{sup -2} yr{sup -1} and PAH fluxes of 6 g m{sup -2} yr{sup -1}. In the wood-burning dominated century leading up to the industrial revolution around 1850, increasing BC fluxes were leading PAH fluxes. BC fluxes reached their millennial-scale maximum around 1920, whereas PAH fluxes increased exponentially to its record maximum around 1960, 50-fold above preindustrial values. For 1920-1950, BC fluxes consistently decreased as PAH fluxes kept increasing. Coal and coke represented >50% of the Swedish energy market in the 1930s. Combined with sharply decreasing (1,7-)/(1,7{+-}2,6-dimethylphenanthrene), indicative of diminishing wood combustion, and decreasing methylphenanthrenes/phenanthrene, indicative of higher-temperature combustion (coal instead of wood), the sediment archive suggests that the relative BC/PAH emission factors thus are lower for coal than for wood combustion. For the first time, both BC and PAH fluxes decreased after 1960. This trend break is a testament to the positive effects of decreasing reliance on petroleum fuels and a number of legislative actions aimed at curbing emissions and by 1990, the loading of BC was back at preindustrial levels, whereas that of PAH were the lowest since the 1910s. However, for the most recent period (1990-2004) the BC and PAH fluxes are no longer decreasing. 55 refs., 3 figs.

  12. SU-E-J-137: Image Registration Tool for Patient Setup in Korea Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, M; Suh, T; Cho, W; Jung, W

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: A potential validation tool for compensating patient positioning error was developed using 2D/3D and 3D/3D image registration. Methods: For 2D/3D registration, digitally reconstructed radiography (DRR) and three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) images were applied. The ray-casting algorithm is the most straightforward method for generating DRR. We adopted the traditional ray-casting method, which finds the intersections of a ray with all objects, voxels of the 3D-CT volume in the scene. The similarity between the extracted DRR and orthogonal image was measured by using a normalized mutual information method. Two orthogonal images were acquired from a Cyber-Knife system from the anterior-posterior (AP) and right lateral (RL) views. The 3D-CT and two orthogonal images of an anthropomorphic phantom and head and neck cancer patient were used in this study. For 3D/3D registration, planning CT and in-room CT image were applied. After registration, the translation and rotation factors were calculated to position a couch to be movable in six dimensions. Results: Registration accuracies and average errors of 2.12 mm ± 0.50 mm for transformations and 1.23° ± 0.40° for rotations were acquired by 2D/3D registration using an anthropomorphic Alderson-Rando phantom. In addition, registration accuracies and average errors of 0.90 mm ± 0.30 mm for transformations and 1.00° ± 0.2° for rotations were acquired using CT image sets. Conclusion: We demonstrated that this validation tool could compensate for patient positioning error. In addition, this research could be the fundamental step for compensating patient positioning error at the first Korea heavy-ion medical accelerator treatment center.

  13. Probe diagnostics in the far scrape-off layer plasma of Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research tokamak using a sideband harmonic method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Dong-Hwan; Hong, Suk-Ho; Park, Il-Seo; Lee, Hyo-Chang; Kang, Hyun-Ju; Chung, Chin-Wook

    2015-12-15

    Plasma characteristics in the far scrape-off layer region of tokamak play a crucial role in the stable plasma operation and its sustainability. Due to the huge facility, electrical diagnostic systems to measure plasma properties have extremely long cable length resulting in large stray current. To overcome this problem, a sideband harmonic method was applied to the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research tokamak plasma. The sideband method allows the measurement of the electron temperature and the plasma density without the effect of the stray current. The measured plasma densities are compared with those from the interferometer, and the results show reliability of the method.

  14. Upgraded biogas from municipal solid waste for natural gas substitution and CO{sub 2} reduction – A case study of Austria, Italy, and Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starr, Katherine; Villalba, Gara; Gabarrell, Xavier

    2015-04-15

    Highlights: • Biogas can be upgraded to create biomethane, a substitute to natural gas. • Biogas upgrading was applied to landfills and anaerobic digestors in 3 countries. • Up to 0.6% of a country’s consumption of natural gas could be replaced by biomethane. • Italy could save 46% of the national CO{sub 2} emissions attributed to the waste sector. • Scenarios were created to increase biomethane production. - Abstract: Biogas is rich in methane and can be further purified through biogas upgrading technologies, presenting a viable alternative to natural gas. Landfills and anaerobic digestors treating municipal solid waste are a large source of such biogas. They therefore offer an attractive opportunity to tap into this potential source of natural gas while at the same time minimizing the global warming impact resulting from methane emissions in waste management schemes (WMS) and fossil fuel consumption reduction. This study looks at the current municipal solid waste flows of Spain, Italy, and Austria over one year (2009), in order to determine how much biogas is generated. Then it examines how much natural gas could be substituted by using four different biogas upgrading technologies. Based on current waste generation rates, exploratory but realistic WMS were created for each country in order to maximize biogas production and potential for natural gas substitution. It was found that the potential substitution of natural gas by biogas resulting from the current WMS seems rather insignificant: 0.2% for Austria, 0.6% for Italy and 0.3% for Spain. However, if the WMS is redesigned to maximize biogas production, these figures can increase to 0.7% for Austria, 1% for Italy and 2% for Spain. Furthermore, the potential CO{sub 2} reduction as a consequence of capturing the biogas and replacing fossil fuel can result in up to a 93% reduction of the annual national waste greenhouse gas emissions of Spain and Italy.

  15. Roof-top solar energy potential under performance-based building energy codes: The case of Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Izquierdo, Salvador; Montanes, Carlos; Dopazo, Cesar; Fueyo, Norberto

    2011-01-15

    The quantification at regional level of the amount of energy (for thermal uses and for electricity) that can be generated by using solar systems in buildings is hindered by the availability of data for roof area estimation. In this note, we build on an existing geo-referenced method for determining available roof area for solar facilities in Spain to produce a quantitative picture of the likely limits of roof-top solar energy. The installation of solar hot water systems (SHWS) and photovoltaic systems (PV) is considered. After satisfying up to 70% (if possible) of the service hot water demand in every municipality, PV systems are installed in the remaining roof area. Results show that, applying this performance-based criterion, SHWS would contribute up to 1662 ktoe/y of primary energy (or 68.5% of the total thermal-energy demand for service hot water), while PV systems would provide 10 T W h/y of electricity (or 4.0% of the total electricity demand). (author)

  16. Assessment of RELAP5/MOD2 code using loss of offsite power transient data of KNU (Korea Nuclear Unit) No. 1 Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, Bud-Dong; Kim, Hho-Jung . Korea Nuclear Safety Center); Lee, Young-Jin )

    1990-04-01

    This report presents a code assessment study based on a real plant transient that occurred on June 9, 1981 at the KNU {number sign}1 (Korea Nuclear Unit Number 1). KNU {number sign}1 is a two-loop Westinghouse PWR plant of 587 Mwe. The loss of offsite power transient occurred at the 77.5% reactor power with 0.5%/hr power ramp. The real plant data were collected from available on-line plant records and computer diagnostics. The transient was simulated by RELAP5/MOD2/36.05 and the results were compared with the plant data to assess the code weaknesses and strengths. Some nodalization studies were performed to contribute to developing a guideline for PWR nodalization for the transient analysis. 5 refs., 18 figs., 3 tabs.

  17. Radioxenon detections in the CTBT International Monitoring System likely related to the announced nuclear test in North Korea conducted on February 12, 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ringbom, Anders; Axelssson, A.; Aldener, M.; Auer, M.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Fritioff, T.; Hoffman, Ian; Khrustalev, Kirill; Nikkinen, Mika; Popov, Vladimir Y.; Popov, Y.; Ungar, R. Kurt; Wotawa, G.

    2014-02-01

    Abstract: Observations of the radioxenon isotopes 133Xe and 131mXe collected at the IMS stations RN38 and RN58 on April 7-8, and April 12-13 2013, respectively, are unique with respect to the measurement history of these stations. Comparison of measured data with calculated isotopic ratios as well as analysis using atmospheric transport modeling indicate that it is likely that the xenon measured was created in the underground nuclear test conducted by North Korea on February 12, 2013, and released 7 weeks later. More than one release is required to explain all observations. The 131mXe source terms for each release were calculated to 7x1011 Bq, corresponding to about 1-10% of the total xenon inventory for a 10-kt explosion, depending on fractionation and release scenario. The observed ratios could not be used to obtain any information regarding the fissile material that was used in the test.

  18. OSTIblog Articles in the koreascience Topic | OSTI, US Dept of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Explore Science from around the World at WorldWideScience.org by Lorrie Johnson 07 Apr, 2008 in Products and Content Science from Finland, Sweden and Korea can now be found at ...

  19. Program for the Inspection of Nickel Alloy Components Report from the Program’s Steering Committee: Inspection of Bottom-Mounted Instrumentation Nozzles Round Robin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cumblidge, Stephen E.; Heasler, Patrick G.; Doctor, Steven R.; Taylor, Theodore T.

    2009-11-13

    The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) executed agreements with organizations in Japan, Sweden, South Korea, Finland, and the United States to establish the Program for the Inspection of Nickel Alloy Components (PINC).

  20. Tectonic denudation of upper mantle along passive margins: a model based on drilling (ODP Leg 103) and diving (Galinaute cruise) results, western Galicia Margin, Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boillot, G.; Winterer, E.L.; Recq, M.; Girardeau, J.; Kornprobst, J.; Loreau, J.P.; Malod, J.; Mougenot, D.

    1987-05-01

    During ODP Leg 103 (April-June 1985) and the Galinaute cruise (June-July 1986), serpentinized peridotite (clinopyroxene-spinel harzburgite) was recovered within the basement approximately at the boundary between the North Atlantic ocean crust to the west and the thinned continental crust of the Galicia passive margin (Spain) to the east. The exposure of mantle-derived peridotite on the sea floor occurred at the end of the period of rifting, roughly 110 Ma. Ductile shear zones observed in the peridotite are consistent with movements along a deep, low-angle normal fault rooted within the upper mantle and dipping eastward beneath the Galicia margin. To explain the tectonic denudation of the mantle at the ocean-continent boundary, they use a nonuniform stretching model for the lithosphere, set up from Wernicke's model.

  1. Word Pro - Untitled1

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Day) Year Belgium 1 Brazil Canada France Italy Japan Mexico Nether- lands South Korea Spain United Kingdom U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico Other Total 1960 3 4 34 4 6 62 18 6 ...

  2. Table 5.6 Petroleum Exports by Country of Destination, 1960-2011...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Exports by Country of Destination, 1960-2011 (Thousand Barrels) Year Belgium 1 Brazil Canada France Italy Japan Mexico Nether- lands South Korea Spain United Kingdom U.S. ...

  3. Fact #702: November 21, 2011 Consumer Preferences on Electric...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    17% 9% 17% 21% 36% 100% Turkey 16% 12% 18% 24% 30% 100% Italy 15% 16% 19% 25% 25% 100% Spain 14% 13% 15% 20% 38% 100% Korea 13% 16% 23% 24% 24% 100% Belgium 12% 19% 17% 23% 29% ...

  4. Report on Project Action Sheet PP05 task 3 between the U.S. Department of Energy and the Republic of Korea Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology (MEST).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snell, Mark Kamerer

    2013-01-01

    This report documents the results of Task 3 of Project Action Sheet PP05 between the United States Department of Energy (DOE) and the Republic of Korea (ROK) Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology (MEST) for Support with Review of an ROK Risk Evaluation Process. This task was to have Sandia National Laboratories collaborate with the Korea Institute of Nuclear Nonproliferation and Control (KINAC) on several activities concerning how to determine the Probability of Neutralization, PN, and the Probability of System Effectiveness, PE, to include: providing descriptions on how combat simulations are used to determine PN and PE; comparisons of the strengths and weaknesses of two neutralization models (the Neutralization.xls spreadsheet model versus the Brief Adversary Threat-Loss Estimator (BATLE) software); and demonstrating how computer simulations can be used to determine PN. Note that the computer simulation used for the demonstration was the Scenario Toolkit And Generation Environment (STAGE) simulation, which is a stand-alone synthetic tactical simulation sold by Presagis Canada Incorporated. The demonstration is provided in a separate Audio Video Interleave (.AVI) file.

  5. Preliminary Report: Results of Computed Tracer Concentrations over Eastern China, South Korea, and Japan for 01 March to 30 May 2007 Daily Simulated Releases from Taiyuan, China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vogt, P

    2007-08-07

    In order to prepare for a proposed long range tracer experiment in China for the spring of 2008 time period, NARAC computed hypothetical PMCH concentrations over Eastern China, South Korea and Japan for simulated releases from Taiyuan, China. Normalized 1 kg of PMCH source strength releases were made twice a day, with wind input from global forecast weather model. We used 6-hour analysis fields valid at the start of each model run, resulting in four wind fields per day. The selected domain encompassed the region of interest over eastern Asia and the Western Pacific. Screening runs were made for each day at 0000 and 1200 UTC from 01 April, 2007 through 29 May, 2007 for a total of 90 days and 180 cases. 24-hour average air concentrations were evaluated at 22 sample cities in the three regions of interest for each case. 15 sample cities were selected to help quantify modeling results for experiment objectives. Any case that resulted in model predicted air concentrations exceeding 2.0E-02 fL/L at a sample city in all three regions was then selected for a detailed model run with source times six hours before and after evaluated in addition to the case time. The detailed runs used the same wind fields and model domain, but 6-hour average air concentrations were generated and analyzed for the 15 sample cities. Each of the 180 cases were ranked subjectively, based on whether or not the model prediction indicated the possibility that a release on that date and time might achieve the long range experiment objectives. Ranks used are High, Good, Low, Poor, and Bad. Of the 180 cases run, NARAC dispersion models predicted 6 instances of High possibility, 8 cases of Good, 32 of Low, 74 of Poor, and 60 cases of Bad probability. Detailed model runs were made for all 14 High or Good probability cases, a total of only 7.8% of all analyzed. Based on the results of this study we have identified a few dates on which a release of a reasonable amount of PMCH tracer (on the order of 500 kg

  6. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [November 6, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1989-11-06

    This report presents the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2) East Asia; Japan, South Korea, (3) Latin America; Argentina, Cuba, (4) Near East and South Asia; India, Israel, Pakistan, (5) Soviet Union, and (6) West Europe; Canada, Federal Republic of Germany, France, Sweden, Turkey.

  7. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [December 26, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1989-12-26

    This report presents the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2)Japan, (3) Latin America; Argentina, Brazil, (4) Near East and South Asia; India, Israel, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, (5) West Europe; Federal Republic of Germany, Spain, Sweden, Austria, and (6) Soviet Union.

  8. Korea Power Exchange (KPX) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    staff to Chicago every two years to enroll in the IIT Department for Electrical and Computer Engineering. KPX staff will participate in a graduate study program while conducting...

  9. Setting the Standard for Industrial Energy Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKane, Aimee; Williams, Robert; Perry, Wayne; Li, Tienan

    2007-06-01

    Industrial motor-driven systems use more than 2194 billionkWh annually on a global basis and offer one of the largest opportunitiesfor energy savings.1 The International Energy Agency estimates thatoptimization of motor driven systems could reduce global electricitydemand by 7 percent through the application of commercially availabletechnologies and using well-tested engineering practices. Yet manyindustrial firms remain either unaware of or unable to achieve theseenergy savings. The same factors that make it so challenging to achieveand sustain energy efficiency in motor-driven systems (complexity,frequent changes) apply to the production processes that they support.Yet production processes typically operate within a narrow band ofacceptable performance. These processes are frequently incorporated intoISO 9000/14000 quality and environmental management systems, whichrequire regular, independent audits to maintain ISO certification, anattractive value for international trade. It is our contention that acritical step in achieving and sustaining energy efficiency ofmotor-driven systems specifically, and industrial energy efficiencygenerally, is the adoption of a corporate energy management standard thatis consistent with current industrial quality and environmentalmanagement systems such as ISO. Several energy management standardscurrently exist (US, Denmark, Ireland, Sweden) and specifications(Germany, Netherlands) others are planned (China, Spain, Brazil, Korea).This paper presents the current status of energy management standardsdevelopment internationally, including an analysis of their sharedfeatures and differences, in terms of content, promulgation, andimplementation. The purpose of the analysis is to describe the currentstate of "best practices" for this emerging area of energy efficiencypolicymaking and tosuggest next steps toward the creation of a trulyinternational energy management standard that is consistent with the ISOprinciples of measurement

  10. U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Country

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Japan 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2016 Mexico 0 0 0 0 0 0 2012-2016 Russia 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2016 South Korea 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2016 Spain 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2016 Turkey 0 0 0 3,145 0 0 2015-2016 ...

  11. Sweden Building 05K0043 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 13.6557435484 Fans 17.832016129 Lighting 45.1762705544 PCs 12.0989247312 Large computers servers 10.8793548387 Printers 0.940860215054 Copiers 1.90860215054 Air...

  12. Sweden Building 05K0089 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 6.62753182771 Fans 12.8296318308 Lighting 9.34771184585 PCs 5.55471478463 Large computers servers 20.4132712456 Printers 1.26600698487 Copiers 0.34924330617 Air compressors...

  13. Sweden Building 05K0083 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2.03280729738 Fans 8.95852856146 Lighting 22.4662526169 PCs 0.753035589672 Large computers servers 6.10607117934 Printers 0.0 Copiers 1.74459176553 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  14. Sweden Building 05K0063 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 10.6001655172 Fans 56.94 Lighting 29.3124045268 PCs 7.40516473731 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 1.44701691897 Copiers 2.64915405165 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  15. Sweden Building 05K0032 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 1.44288442623 Fans 21.075117096 Lighting 23.0819672131 PCs 18.4077868852 Large computers servers 0.545081967213 Printers 3.60655737705 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  16. Sweden Building 05K0081 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 5.61059253247 Fans 15.3000347866 Lighting 21.1669461078 PCs 16.5389552239 Large computers servers 1.01791044776 Printers 2.4776119403 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  17. Sweden Building 05K0037 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 3.07852838566 Fans 19.6114811291 Lighting 32.768 PCs 13.8454097784 Large computers servers 42.2089342244 Printers 2.46218782976 Copiers 4.48469926134 Air compressors...

  18. Sweden Building 05K0088 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 8.15750798512 Fans 10.4171224386 Lighting 25.3628869565 PCs 16.1602318841 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 3.01620869565 Copiers 1.2347826087 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  19. Sweden Building 05K0099 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 1.03839788534 Fans 10.3091635338 Lighting 15.8542631579 PCs 5.40263157895 Large computers servers 21.7368421053 Printers 1.03684210526 Copiers 1.57894736842 Air compressors...

  20. Sweden Building 05K0012 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 3.32673206926 Fans 8.60719192175 Lighting 12.985779547 PCs 2.19353608542 Large computers servers 0.774049003718 Printers 1.11545428544 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  1. Sweden Building 05K0090 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 33.0079891149 Fans 19.384931277 Lighting 34.9136291095 PCs 829.756338007 Large computers servers 1.30450015281 Printers 1.21132157047 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  2. Sweden Building 05K0066 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 2.84271836287 Fans 20.8528500862 Lighting 6.58573234487 PCs 2.44099890231 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.439077936334 Copiers 2.52469813392 Air compressors 0.0...

  3. Sweden Building 05K0013 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 2.63132906976 Fans 16.7539365907 Lighting 21.6361810339 PCs 8.43270214944 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.549891248721 Copiers 1.24104401228 Air compressors 0.0...

  4. Sweden Building 05K0003 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 3.38991548528 Fans 20.3514016294 Lighting 25.3519773429 PCs 4.12075688073 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.412844036697 Copiers 0.447247706422 Air compressors 0.0...

  5. Sweden Building 05K0108 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 1.23191852203 Fans 10.078297354 Lighting 13.4490004737 PCs 7.14116532449 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 2.13699668404 Copiers 1.49218379915 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  6. Sweden Building 05K0051 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 2.96531566894 Fans 17.9698161112 Lighting 13.8988970588 PCs 1.75469981807 Large computers servers 6.06428138266 Printers 1.08399029715 Copiers 5.65494238933 Air compressors...

  7. Sweden Building 05K0028 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 5.01662584416 Fans 12.3265714286 Lighting 18.6392727273 PCs 5.58 Large computers servers 18.1818181818 Printers 0.409090909091 Copiers 1.04545454545 Air...

  8. Sweden Building 05K0030 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 3.62274306839 Fans 38.8613678373 Lighting 19.3737155556 PCs 3.4101458205 Large computers servers 3.52630930376 Printers 0.796056685151 Copiers 1.97165742452 Air...

  9. Sweden Building 05K0061 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 11.655988024 Fans 30.1702630453 Lighting 14.1947125749 PCs 3.16167664671 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.112275449102 Copiers 1.38473053892 Air compressors 0.0...

  10. Sweden Building 05K0064 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 1.90728584264 Fans 7.13977666538 Lighting 12.6468261456 PCs 5.58580413297 Large computers servers 5.03144654088 Printers 0.296495956873 Copiers 1.57232704403 Air...

  11. Sweden Building 05K0015 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    0.904258064516 Fans 5.67987096774 Lighting 31.4462462687 PCs 3.17935483871 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.0967741935484 Copiers 0.41935483871 Air compressors 0.0...

  12. Sweden Building 05K0111 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 3.18765247156 Fans 9.16913319239 Lighting 13.9715574348 PCs 4.28414376321 Large computers servers 2.46652572234 Printers 1.5503875969 Copiers 3.38266384778 Air compressors...

  13. Sweden Building 05K0025 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 4.00124358974 Fans 16.8461538462 Lighting 43.0891025641 PCs 5.49633635729 Large computers servers 4.50104675506 Printers 0.33147243545 Copiers 1.55268667132 Air compressors...

  14. Sweden Building 05K0080 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 5.20530200645 Fans 17.4788885093 Lighting 28.8864184072 PCs 7.38107211455 Large computers servers 0.257726558408 Printers 0.907979745067 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  15. Sweden Building 05K0071 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 3.71343087626 Fans 14.2937494714 Lighting 17.730017762 PCs 2.51790830946 Large computers servers 20.7020057307 Printers 0.716332378223 Copiers 3.04441260745 Air...

  16. Sweden Building 05K0040 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 1.45556346525 Fans 19.0811993243 Lighting 18.139570644 PCs 12.8363047002 Large computers servers 3.56564019449 Printers 4.70016207455 Copiers 2.45813074014 Air compressors...

  17. Sweden Building 05K0070 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 1.64826425856 Fans 15.5015956002 Lighting 22.6711026616 PCs 5.55941064639 Large computers servers 1.23574144487 Printers 0.190114068441 Copiers 0.617870722433 Air...

  18. Sweden Building 05K0091 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 6.81253202765 Fans 8.97586021505 Lighting 37.699333405 PCs 13.23853125 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 1.90575 Copiers 2.50625 Air compressors 0.0 Small kitchens ...

  19. Sweden Building 05K0115 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 2.18185032045 Fans 9.89733305768 Lighting 16.3132786627 PCs 5.41515918958 Large computers servers 37.988422576 Printers 0.480463096961 Copiers 0.575253256151 Air...

  20. Sweden Building 05K0039 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 3.74982817869 Fans 8.00097201767 Lighting 12.5792387543 PCs 2.37164948454 Large computers servers 35.7388316151 Printers 0.432817869416 Copiers 2.45704467354 Air...

  1. Sweden Building 05K0060 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 1.03997267137 Fans 27.9269471647 Lighting 22.9778517422 PCs 6.09805301431 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.436312456017 Copiers 0.932441942294 Air compressors 0.0...

  2. Sweden Building 05K0098 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 3.22920729694 Fans 9.0858325996 Lighting 13.6683458294 PCs 2.28415300546 Large computers servers 10.9289617486 Printers 0.0398451730419 Copiers 0.739981785064 Air...

  3. Sweden Building 05K0069 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 4.41176254521 Fans 9.5911505425 Lighting 38.6550632911 PCs 5.67840189873 Large computers servers 0.395569620253 Printers 1.58227848101 Copiers 3.40189873418 Air...

  4. Sweden Building 05K0077 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 2.40013311148 Fans 13.1688043737 Lighting 15.2308652246 PCs 3.29894620078 Large computers servers 2.21852468109 Printers 0.406877426511 Copiers 1.80255130338 Air...

  5. Sweden Building 05K0054 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 3.48402198172 Fans 18.8416546417 Lighting 20.5491262626 PCs 9.23905723906 Large computers servers 56.3973063973 Printers 0.653198653199 Copiers 2.23063973064 Air...

  6. Sweden Building 05K0050 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 6.93523068574 Fans 16.4926207327 Lighting 24.6051980198 PCs 10.8290816327 Large computers servers 19.8412698413 Printers 2.55102040816 Copiers 2.55102040816 Air compressors...

  7. Sweden Building 05K0002 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 6.03888185355 Fans 18.5995610535 Lighting 51.2740526316 PCs 22.2888135593 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 1.42372881356 Copiers 0.85593220339 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  8. Sweden Building 05K0011 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 1.47492819795 Fans 6.90408963585 Lighting 12.9336787565 PCs 2.70028409091 Large computers servers 0.471022727273 Printers 0.774147727273 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  9. Sweden Building 05K0034 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 4.56351293996 Fans 18.3803571429 Lighting 27.7675677908 PCs 11.3985507246 Large computers servers 27.7717391304 Printers 1.06884057971 Copiers 1.3768115942 Air compressors...

  10. Sweden Building 05K0110 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 3.69458748867 Fans 19.2149721539 Lighting 19.4485561972 PCs 10.8710335449 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 1.73708068903 Copiers 4.19310970082 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  11. Sweden Building 05K0026 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    0.00307922272048 Fans 0.785650224215 Lighting 15.3000510733 PCs 6.62649476831 Large computers servers 12.5919282511 Printers 0.610612855007 Copiers 2.27952167414 Air...

  12. Sweden Building 05K0017 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 4.15013278976 Fans 14.2549696765 Lighting 17.1625971143 PCs 24.4079778393 Large computers servers 0.397396121884 Printers 0.673130193906 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  13. Sweden Building 05K0106 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 1.74720935961 Fans 16.4639573071 Lighting 28.0321384425 PCs 3.75 Large computers servers 0.463535228677 Printers 0.939431396786 Copiers 0.865265760198 Air...

  14. Sweden Building 05K0004 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 4.33303636174 Fans 8.08671679198 Lighting 14.5539566929 PCs 22.9175048733 Large computers servers 3.90838206628 Printers 0.980506822612 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  15. Sweden Building 05K0033 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 4.58929158641 Fans 20.6016582891 Lighting 43.0102707006 PCs 8.39197632358 Large computers servers 16.9957250904 Printers 1.40414337389 Copiers 2.64715554094 Air compressors...

  16. Sweden Building 05K0109 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 15.465507885 Fans 17.0920222635 Lighting 25.9249096338 PCs 6.74029126214 Large computers servers 83.9805825243 Printers 1.30582524272 Copiers 1.6140776699 Air compressors...

  17. Sweden Building 05K0103 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 2.39820853677 Fans 18.0824682326 Lighting 17.4953807391 PCs 4.79116022099 Large computers servers 12.5436464088 Printers 0.939226519337 Copiers 1.00552486188 Air...

  18. Sweden Building 05K0100 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 4.93723752273 Fans 12.6897353001 Lighting 16.3956718529 PCs 4.98373408769 Large computers servers 24.7807637907 Printers 1.23790664781 Copiers 1.6973125884 Air compressors...

  19. Sweden Building 05K0020 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 8.4307193046 Fans 43.1495834842 Lighting 17.1876638899 PCs 6.32492581602 Large computers servers 1.18694362018 Printers 0.944467994913 Copiers 1.92878338279 Air...

  20. Sweden Building 05K0079 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 2.49553835327 Fans 47.6734693878 Lighting 18.2296504809 PCs 7.55148956134 Large computers servers 12.9017124091 Printers 0.489795918367 Copiers 2.43959652827 Air...

  1. Sweden Building 05K0116 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 2.77644647831 Fans 6.21066454437 Lighting 17.2527027027 PCs 1.99512534819 Large computers servers 5.8495821727 Printers 0.69426183844 Copiers 0.877437325905 Air compressors...

  2. Sweden Building 05K0009 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 3.08636405861 Fans 12.8398873749 Lighting 19.44639866 PCs 8.50154616404 Large computers servers 0.556088941246 Printers 0.765719334413 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors...

  3. Sweden Building 05K0074 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 18.2046738442 Fans 11.4192526916 Lighting 7.88998957247 PCs 3.76187460418 Large computers servers 9.68967701077 Printers 0.126662444585 Copiers 1.23495883471 Air...

  4. Sweden Building 05K0078 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 0.0 Fans 9.77060382916 Lighting 20.64832 PCs 3.8215257732 Large computers servers 12.6432989691 Printers 0.221690721649 Copiers 0.0 Air compressors 0.0...

  5. Sweden Building 05K0102 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 1.66752151789 Fans 6.11865966546 Lighting 13.8817120623 PCs 3.85904044409 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.591593973037 Copiers 0.753370340999 Air compressors 0.0...

  6. Sweden Building 05K0073 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 22.5943090538 Fans 15.6432947583 Lighting 12.917101147 PCs 6.6814159292 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 1.03301565691 Copiers 2.68890401634 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  7. Sweden Building 05K0035 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 5.74638957468 Fans 24.2121626361 Lighting 20.1286013564 PCs 5.72811396566 Large computers servers 21.4294411299 Printers 1.40021916474 Copiers 1.82637282357 Air compressors...

  8. Sweden Building 05K0031 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 3.41702182053 Fans 17.9903385632 Lighting 22.3347276342 PCs 7.25536463695 Large computers servers 17.4202232956 Printers 1.49576371843 Copiers 1.12043708924 Air compressors...

  9. Sweden Building 05K0087 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 2.10421539539 Fans 35.1439221294 Lighting 40.6627305825 PCs 16.3874545139 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 1.78149367527 Copiers 1.05700918385 Air compressors 0.0 Small...

  10. Sweden Building 05K0056 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pumps 3.26955758093 Fans 19.7547229418 Lighting 22.5300668799 PCs 5.81158779301 Large computers servers 0.0 Printers 0.207872622733 Copiers 0.94353530886 Air compressors 0.0...