Sample records for knutson bell state

  1. Distinguishability of the Bell states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibasish Ghosh; Guruprasad Kar; Anirban Roy; Aditi Sen De; Ujjwal Sen

    2001-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    More than two multipartite orthogonal states cannot always be discriminated (with certainty) if only local operations and classical communication (LOCC) are allowed. Using an existing inequality among the measures of entanglement, we show that any three Bell states cannot be discriminated by LOCC. Exploiting the inequality, we calculate the distillable entanglement of a certain class of (4\\otimes 4) mixed states.

  2. Distillation of Bell states in open systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Isasi; D. Mundarain

    2009-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we review the entire classification of 2x2 distillable states for protocols with a finite numbers of copies. We show a distillation protocol that allows to distill Bell states with non zero probability at any time for an initial singlet in vacuum. It is shown that the same protocol used in non zero thermal baths yields a considerable recovering of entanglement.

  3. Generating optimal states for a homodyne Bell test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sonja Daffer; Peter L. Knight

    2005-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a protocol that produces a conditionally prepared state that can be used for a Bell test based on homodyne detection. Based on the results of Munro [PRA 1999], the state is near-optimal for Bell-inequality violations based on quadrature-phase homodyne measurements that use correlated photon-number states. The scheme utilizes the Gaussian entanglement distillation protocol of Eisert et. al. [Annals of Phys. 2004] and uses only beam splitters and photodetection to conditionally prepare a non-Gaussian state from a source of two-mode squeezed states with low squeezing parameter, permitting a loophole-free test of Bell inequalities.

  4. Local cloning of Bell states and distillable entanglement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibasish Ghosh; Guruprasad Kar; Anirban Roy

    2004-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The necessary and sufficient amount of entanglement required for cloning of orthogonal Bell states by local operation and classical communication is derived, and using this result, we provide here some additional examples of reversible, as well as irreversible states.

  5. Distinguishability of hyperentangled Bell states by linear evolution and local projective measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pisenti, N.; Gaebler, C. P. E.; Lynn, T. W. [Department of Physics, Harvey Mudd College, 301 Platt Blvd., Claremont, California 91711 (United States)

    2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Measuring an entangled state of two particles is crucial to many quantum communication protocols. Yet Bell-state distinguishability using a finite apparatus obeying linear evolution and local measurement is theoretically limited. We extend known bounds for Bell-state distinguishability in one and two variables to the general case of entanglement in n two-state variables. We show that at most 2{sup n+1}-1 classes out of 4{sup n} hyper-Bell states can be distinguished with one copy of the input state. With two copies, complete distinguishability is possible. We present optimal schemes in each case.

  6. Degradation of entanglement between two accelerated parties: Bell states under the Unruh effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benedikt Richter; Yasser Omar

    2015-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the entanglement of families of Unruh modes in the Bell states $|\\Phi^\\pm\\rangle =1/\\sqrt{2}(|00\\rangle\\pm|11\\rangle)$ and $|\\Psi^\\pm\\rangle=1/\\sqrt{2}(|01\\rangle\\pm|10\\rangle)$ shared by two accelerated observers, and find fundamental differences in the robustness of entanglement against acceleration for these states. States $\\Psi^\\pm$ are entangled for all finite accelerations, whereas, due to the Unruh effect, states $\\Phi^\\pm$ lose their entanglement for finite accelerations. This is true for Bell states of two bosonic modes, as well as for Bell states of a bosonic and a fermionic mode. But also for Bell states of fermionic modes there are differences in the degradation of entanglement. We reveal the origin of these distinct characteristics of entanglement degradation and discuss the role that is played by particle statistics. Our studies suggest that the behavior of entanglement in accelerated frames strongly depends on the occupation patterns of the constituent states, whose superposition constitutes the entangled state, where especially states $\\Phi^\\pm$ and $\\Psi^\\pm$ exhibit distinct characteristics regarding entanglement degradation. Finally, we point out possible implications of hovering over a black hole for these states.

  7. Violating Bell's inequality with an artificial atom and a cat state in a cavity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brian Vlastakis; Andrei Petrenko; Nissim Ofek; Luayn Sun; Zaki Leghtas; Katrina Sliwa; Yehan Liu; Michael Hatridge; Jacob Blumoff; Luigi Frunzio; Mazyar Mirrahimi; Liang Jiang; M. H. Devoret; R. J. Schoelkopf

    2015-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The `Schr\\"odinger's cat' thought experiment highlights the counterintuitive facet of quantum theory that entanglement can exist between microscopic and macroscopic systems, producing a superposition of distinguishable states like the fictitious cat that is both alive and dead. The hallmark of entanglement is the detection of strong correlations between systems, for example by the violation of Bell's inequality. Using the CHSH variant of the Bell test, this violation has been observed with photons, atoms, solid state spins, and artificial atoms in superconducting circuits. For larger, more distinguishable states, the conflict between quantum predictions and our classical expectations is typically resolved due to the rapid onset of decoherence. To investigate this reconciliation, one can employ a superposition of coherent states in an oscillator, known as a cat state. In contrast to discrete systems, one can continuously vary the size of the prepared cat state and therefore its dependence on decoherence. Here we demonstrate and quantify entanglement between an artificial atom and a cat state in a cavity, which we call a `Bell-cat' state. We use a circuit QED architecture, high-fidelity measurements, and real-time feedback control to violate Bell's inequality without post-selection or corrections for measurement inefficiencies. Furthermore, we investigate the influence of decoherence by continuously varying the size of created Bell-cat states and characterize the entangled system by joint Wigner tomography. These techniques provide a toolset for quantum information processing with entangled qubits and resonators. While recent results have demonstrated a high level of control of such systems, this experiment demonstrates that information can be extracted efficiently and with high fidelity, a crucial requirement for quantum computing with resonators.

  8. Bell states in a resonant quantum waveguide network Gursoy B. Akguc, Linda E. Reichl, Anil Shaji, and Michael G. Snyder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin. University of

    side and emit electrons in entangled Bell states on the other side. The significance of producing Bell to realize such a device. In a typical GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs based system [8­10] a two- dimensional electron gas (2 a negative voltage to the metal gates. This depletes the electrons from regions of the electron gas below

  9. Using quantum routers to implement quantum message authentication and Bell-state manipulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karol Bartkiewicz; Antonín ?ernoch; Karel Lemr

    2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we investigate the capability of quantum routing (quantum state fusion) to implement two useful quantum communications protocols. The analyzed protocols include quantum authentication of quantum messages and non-destructive linear-optical Bell state manipulation. We also present the concept of quantum decoupler -- a device implementing an inverse operation to quantum routing. We demonstrate that both quantum router and decoupler can work as specialized disentangling gates.

  10. Extended Weyl-Heisenberg algebra, phase operator, unitary depolarizers and generalized Bell states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Daoud; E. H. El Kinani

    2012-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Finite dimensional representations of extended Weyl-Heisenberg algebra are studied both from mathematical and applied viewpoints. They are used to define unitary phase operator and the corresponding eigenstates (phase states). It is also shown that the unitary depolarizers can be constructed in a general setting in terms of phase operators. Generation of generalized Bell states using the phase operator is presented and their expressions in terms of the elements of mutually unbiased bases are given.

  11. Stabilizing a Bell state of two superconducting qubits by dissipation engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Leghtas; U. Vool; S. Shankar; M. Hatridge; S. M. Girvin; M. H. Devoret; M. Mirrahimi

    2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a dissipation engineering scheme that prepares and protects a maximally entangled state of a pair of superconducting qubits. This is done by off-resonantly coupling the two qubits to a low-Q cavity mode playing the role of a dissipative reservoir. We engineer this coupling by applying six continuous-wave microwave drives with appropriate frequencies. The two qubits need not be identical. We show that our approach does not require any fine-tuning of the parameters and requires only that certain ratios between them be large. With currently achievable coherence times, simulations indicate that a Bell state can be maintained over arbitrary long times with fidelities above 94%. Such performance leads to a significant violation of Bell's inequality (CHSH correlation larger than 2.6) for arbitrary long times.

  12. A Conclusive Experimentation Evidences that Mental States Follow Quantum Mechanics. Further Experimentation Indicates that in Mind States Bell Inequality Violation is Possible

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elio Conte; Andrei Yuri Khrennikov; Orlando Todarello; Antonio Federici; Joseph P. Zbilut

    2008-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In the first part of the paper we reach an experimental final confirmation that mental states follow quantum mechanics. In the second part further experimentation indicates that in mind states Bell inequality violation is possible.

  13. Study of e+e-??+?-J/? and Observation of a Charged Charmoniumlike State at Belle

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Liu, Z. Q.; Shen, C. P.; Yuan, C. Z.; Adachi, I.; Aihara, H.; Asner, D. M.; Aulchenko, V.; Aushev, T.; Aziz, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Bala, A.; Belous, K.; Bhardwaj, V.; Bhuyan, B.; Bischofberger, M.; Bondar, A.; Bonvicini, G.; Bozek, A.; Bra?ko, M.; Brodzicka, J.; Browder, T. E.; Chang, P.; Chekelian, V.; Chen, A.; Chen, P.; Cheon, B. G.; Chistov, R.; Cho, K.; Chobanova, V.; Choi, S.-K.; Choi, Y.; Cinabro, D.; Dalseno, J.; Danilov, M.; Doležal, Z.; Drásal, Z.; Drutskoy, A.; Dutta, D.; Dutta, K.; Eidelman, S.; Epifanov, D.; Farhat, H.; Fast, J. E.; Feindt, M.; Ferber, T.; Frey, A.; Gaur, V.; Gabyshev, N.; Ganguly, S.; Gillard, R.; Goh, Y. M.; Golob, B.; Haba, J.; Hayasaka, K.; Hayashii, H.; Horii, Y.; Hoshi, Y.; Hou, W.-S.; Hsiung, Y. B.; Hyun, H. J.; Iijima, T.; Inami, K.; Ishikawa, A.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Joffe, D.; Julius, T.; Kah, D. H.; Kang, J. H.; Kawasaki, T.; Kiesling, C.; Kim, H. J.; Kim, J. B.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, K. T.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, Y. J.; Kinoshita, K.; Klucar, J.; Ko, B. R.; Kodyš, P.; Korpar, S.; Križan, P.; Krokovny, P.; Kuhr, T.; Kwon, Y.-J.; Lange, J. S.; Lee, S.-H.; Li, J.; Li, Y.; Libby, J.; Liu, C.; Lukin, P.; Matvienko, D.; Miyabayashi, K.; Miyata, H.; Mizuk, R.; Mohanty, G. B.; Moll, A.; Mussa, R.; Nakano, E.; Nakao, M.; Nakazawa, H.; Natkaniec, Z.; Nayak, M.; Nedelkovska, E.; Nisar, N. K.; Nishida, S.; Nitoh, O.; Ogawa, S.; Okuno, S.; Olsen, S. L.; Onuki, Y.; Ostrowicz, W.; Oswald, C.; Pakhlov, P.; Pakhlova, G.; Park, H.; Park, H. K.; Pedlar, T. K.; Pestotnik, R.; Petri?, M.; Piilonen, L. E.; Ritter, M.; Röhrken, M.; Rostomyan, A.; Sahoo, H.; Saito, T.; Sakai, Y.; Sandilya, S.; Santel, D.; Sanuki, T.; Sato, Y.; Savinov, V.; Schneider, O.; Schnell, G.; Schwanda, C.; Seidl, R.; Semmler, D.; Senyo, K.; Seon, O.; Sevior, M. E.; Shapkin, M.; Shibata, T.-A.; Shiu, J.-G.; Shwartz, B.; Sibidanov, A.; Simon, F.; Smerkol, P.; Sohn, Y.-S.; Sokolov, A.; Solovieva, E.; Stari?, M.; Steder, M.; Sumihama, M.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Tamponi, U.; Tanida, K.; Tatishvili, G.; Teramoto, Y.; Trabelsi, K.; Tsuboyama, T.; Uchida, M.; Uehara, S.; Uglov, T.; Unno, Y.; Uno, S.; Vahsen, S. E.; Van Hulse, C.; Vanhoefer, P.; Varner, G.; Varvell, K. E.; Vorobyev, V.; Wagner, M. N.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, M.-Z.; Wang, P.; Wang, X. L.; Watanabe, M.; Watanabe, Y.; Won, E.; Yabsley, B. D.; Yamaoka, J.; Yamashita, Y.; Yashchenko, S.; Yook, Y.; Yusa, Y.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhilich, V.; Zupanc, A.; Belle Collaboration

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cross section for e+e???+??J/? between 3.8 and 5.5 GeV is measured with a 967??fb?1 data sample collected by the Belle detector at or near the ?(nS) (n=1,2,…,5) resonances. The Y(4260) state is observed, and its resonance parameters are determined. In addition, an excess of ?+??J/? production around 4 GeV is observed. This feature can be described by a Breit-Wigner parametrization with properties that are consistent with the Y(4008) state that was previously reported by Belle. In a study of Y(4260)??+??J/? decays, a structure is observed in the M(?±J/?) mass spectrum with 5.2? significance, with mass M=(3894.5±6.6±4.5)??MeV/c2 and width ?=(63±24±26)??MeV/c2, where the errors are statistical and systematic, respectively. This structure can be interpreted as a new charged charmoniumlike state.

  14. Efficient quantum circuits for perfect and controlled teleportation of n-qubit non-maximally entangled states of generalized Bell-type

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anirban Pathak; Anindita Banerjee

    2010-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    An efficient and economical scheme is proposed for the perfect quantum teleportation of n-qubit non-maximally entangled state of generalized Bell-type. A Bell state is used as the quantum channel in the proposed scheme. It is also shown that the controlled teleportation of this n-qubit state can be achieved by using a GHZ state or a GHZ-like state as quantum channel. The proposed schemes are economical because for the perfect and controlled teleportation of n-qubit non-maximally entangled state of generalized Bell-type we only need a Bell state and a tripartite entangled state respectively. It is also established that there exists a family of 12 orthogonal tripartite GHZ-like states which can be used as quantum channel for controlled teleportation. The proposed protocols are critically compared with the existing protocols.

  15. Entanglement teleportation via Bell Mixture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibasish Ghosh; Guruprasad Kar; Anirban Roy; Debasis Sarkar; Ujjwal Sen

    2001-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the teleportation of the bipartite entangled states through two equally noisy quantum channels, namely mixture of Bell states. There is a particular mixed state channel for which all pure entanglement in a known Schmidt basis remain entangled after teleportation and it happens till the channel state remains entangled. Werner state channel lacks both these features. The relation of these noisy channels with violation of Bell's inequality and 2-E inequality is studied.

  16. Bell, group and tangle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solomon, A. I., E-mail: a.i.solomon@open.ac.u [Open University, Department of Physics (United Kingdom)

    2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The 'Bell' of the title refers to bipartite Bell states, and their extensions to, for example, tripartite systems. The 'Group' of the title is the Braid Group in its various representations; while 'Tangle' refers to the property of entanglement which is present in both of these scenarios. The objective of this note is to explore the relation between Quantum Entanglement and Topological Links, and to show that the use of the language of entanglement in both cases is more than one of linguistic analogy.

  17. Applications of quantum cryptographic switch: Various tasks related to controlled quantum communication can be performed using Bell states and permutation of particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kishore Thapliyal; Anirban Pathak

    2015-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, several aspects of controlled quantum communication (e.g., bidirectional controlled state teleportation, controlled quantum secure direct communication, controlled quantum dialogue, etc.) have been studied using $n$-qubit ($n\\geq3$) entanglement. Specially, a large number of schemes for bidirectional controlled state teleportation are proposed using $m$-qubit entanglement ($m\\in\\{5,6,7\\}$). Here, we propose a set of protocols to illustrate that it is possible to realize all these tasks related to controlled quantum communication using only Bell states and permutation of particles (PoP). As the generation and maintenance of a Bell state is much easier than a multi-partite entanglement, the proposed strategy has a clear advantage over the existing proposals. Further, it is shown that all the schemes proposed here may be viewed as applications of the concept of quantum cryptographic switch which was recently introduced by some of us. The performances of the proposed protocols as subjected to the amplitude damping and phase damping noise on the channels are also discussed.

  18. Study of e+e-??+?-J/? and Observation of a Charged Charmoniumlike State at Belle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Z. Q.; Shen, C. P.; Yuan, C. Z.; Adachi, I.; Aihara, H.; Asner, D. M.; Aulchenko, V.; Aushev, T.; Aziz, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Bala, A.; Belous, K.; Bhardwaj, V.; Bhuyan, B.; Bischofberger, M.; Bondar, A.; Bonvicini, G.; Bozek, A.; Bra?ko, M.; Brodzicka, J.; Browder, T. E.; Chang, P.; Chekelian, V.; Chen, A.; Chen, P.; Cheon, B. G.; Chistov, R.; Cho, K.; Chobanova, V.; Choi, S.-K.; Choi, Y.; Cinabro, D.; Dalseno, J.; Danilov, M.; Doležal, Z.; Drásal, Z.; Drutskoy, A.; Dutta, D.; Dutta, K.; Eidelman, S.; Epifanov, D.; Farhat, H.; Fast, J. E.; Feindt, M.; Ferber, T.; Frey, A.; Gaur, V.; Gabyshev, N.; Ganguly, S.; Gillard, R.; Goh, Y. M.; Golob, B.; Haba, J.; Hayasaka, K.; Hayashii, H.; Horii, Y.; Hoshi, Y.; Hou, W.-S.; Hsiung, Y. B.; Hyun, H. J.; Iijima, T.; Inami, K.; Ishikawa, A.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Joffe, D.; Julius, T.; Kah, D. H.; Kang, J. H.; Kawasaki, T.; Kiesling, C.; Kim, H. J.; Kim, J. B.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, K. T.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, Y. J.; Kinoshita, K.; Klucar, J.; Ko, B. R.; Kodyš, P.; Korpar, S.; Križan, P.; Krokovny, P.; Kuhr, T.; Kwon, Y.-J.; Lange, J. S.; Lee, S.-H.; Li, J.; Li, Y.; Libby, J.; Liu, C.; Lukin, P.; Matvienko, D.; Miyabayashi, K.; Miyata, H.; Mizuk, R.; Mohanty, G. B.; Moll, A.; Mussa, R.; Nakano, E.; Nakao, M.; Nakazawa, H.; Natkaniec, Z.; Nayak, M.; Nedelkovska, E.; Nisar, N. K.; Nishida, S.; Nitoh, O.; Ogawa, S.; Okuno, S.; Olsen, S. L.; Onuki, Y.; Ostrowicz, W.; Oswald, C.; Pakhlov, P.; Pakhlova, G.; Park, H.; Park, H. K.; Pedlar, T. K.; Pestotnik, R.; Petri?, M.; Piilonen, L. E.; Ritter, M.; Röhrken, M.; Rostomyan, A.; Sahoo, H.; Saito, T.; Sakai, Y.; Sandilya, S.; Santel, D.; Sanuki, T.; Sato, Y.; Savinov, V.; Schneider, O.; Schnell, G.; Schwanda, C.; Seidl, R.; Semmler, D.; Senyo, K.; Seon, O.; Sevior, M. E.; Shapkin, M.; Shibata, T.-A.; Shiu, J.-G.; Shwartz, B.; Sibidanov, A.; Simon, F.; Smerkol, P.; Sohn, Y.-S.; Sokolov, A.; Solovieva, E.; Stari?, M.; Steder, M.; Sumihama, M.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Tamponi, U.; Tanida, K.; Tatishvili, G.; Teramoto, Y.; Trabelsi, K.; Tsuboyama, T.; Uchida, M.; Uehara, S.; Uglov, T.; Unno, Y.; Uno, S.; Vahsen, S. E.; Van Hulse, C.; Vanhoefer, P.; Varner, G.; Varvell, K. E.; Vorobyev, V.; Wagner, M. N.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, M.-Z.; Wang, P.; Wang, X. L.; Watanabe, M.; Watanabe, Y.; Won, E.; Yabsley, B. D.; Yamaoka, J.; Yamashita, Y.; Yashchenko, S.; Yook, Y.; Yusa, Y.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhilich, V.; Zupanc, A.; Belle Collaboration

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cross section for e+e???+??J/? between 3.8 and 5.5 GeV is measured with a 967??fb?1 data sample collected by the Belle detector at or near the ?(nS) (n=1,2,…,5) resonances. The Y(4260) state is observed, and its resonance parameters are determined. In addition, an excess of ?+??J/? production around 4 GeV is observed. This feature can be described by a Breit-Wigner parametrization with properties that are consistent with the Y(4008) state that was previously reported by Belle. In a study of Y(4260)??+??J/? decays, a structure is observed in the M(?±J/?) mass spectrum with 5.2? significance, with mass M=(3894.5±6.6±4.5)??MeV/c2 and width ?=(63±24±26)??MeV/c2, where the errors are statistical and systematic, respectively. This structure can be interpreted as a new charged charmoniumlike state.

  19. Steven R. Bell Vita

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bell S., Proper Holomorphic Mappings and the Bergman Projection, Duke Math. ... $\\bar\\partial$-Neumann Problem, Proc. of the National Academy of Science ...

  20. Contextual Query Using Bell Tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joao Barros; Zeno Toffano; Youssef Meguebli; Bich-Liên Doan

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Tests are essential in Information Retrieval and Data Mining in order to evaluate the effectiveness of a query. An automatic measure tool intended to exhibit the meaning of words in context has been developed and linked with Quantum Theory, particularly entanglement. "Quantum like" experiments were undertaken on semantic space based on the Hyperspace Analogue Language (HAL) method. A quantum HAL model was implemented using state vectors issued from the HAL matrix and query observables, testing a wide range of windows sizes. The Bell parameter S, associating measures on two words in a document, was derived showing peaks for specific window sizes. The peaks show maximum quantum violation of the Bell inequalities and are document dependent. This new correlation measure inspired by Quantum Theory could be promising for measuring query relevance.

  1. Bell-inequality violation with "thermal" radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radim Filip; Miloslav Dusek; Jaromir Fiurasek; Ladislav Mista

    2001-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The model of a quantum-optical device for a conditional preparation of entangled states from input mixed states is presented. It is demonstrated that even thermal or pseudo-thermal radiation can be entangled in such a way, that Bell-inequalities are violated.

  2. Concrete incompleteness & Bell's theorem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han Geurdes

    2015-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    For a subset of 2 dimensional unit parameter vectors, Bell's correlation formula with local hidden variables reproduces the quantum correlation. This is unexpected considering a general no-go LHV claim derived from the same function.

  3. Charmed baryon spectroscopy with Belle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesiak, Tadeusz [Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Radzikowskiego 152, 31-142 Cracow (Poland)

    2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent studies concerning charmed baryon spectroscopy, performed by the Belle collaboration, are briefly described. We report the first observation of two new baryons {xi}cx(2980) and {xi}cx(3077), a precise determination of the masses of {xi}c(2645) and {xi}c(2815), observation of the {lambda}c(2940)+ and experimental constraints on the possible spin-parity of the {lambda}c(2880)+. Observations of several exclusive decays of B mesons to the final states containing charmed baryons are also briefly presented.

  4. Recent Results on Charmed Baryons with Belle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsuboyama, T. [KEK, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba (Japan)

    2006-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The Belle detector has accumulated e+e- collision data corresponding to 600 fb-1 at the {upsilon}(4S) energy. The paper presents the improved measurement of known charmed baryons; {xi}c and {xi}c(2645), as well as observation of new states; {sigma}c(2800), {xi}cx(2980) and {xi}cx(3077)

  5. Bell Transform, Teleportation Operator and Teleportation-Based Quantum Computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yong Zhang; Kun Zhang

    2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce the concept of the Bell transform to represent known quantum gates in the literature, which are a unitary basis transformation from the product basis to the Bell states or the Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) states. The algebraic structure of the four dimensional Bell transform has been studied systematically in this paper and we point out that it may be not a Clifford gate. The representative examples of the four dimensional Bell transform are verified as maximally entangling Clifford gates and some of them are recognized as parity-preserving gates or matchgates or Yang--Baxter gates. We define the teleportation operator in terms of the four dimensional Bell transform and apply it to the reformulation of the fault-tolerant construction of single-qubit gates and two-qubit gates in teleportation-based quantum computation. The algebraic structure of the higher dimensional Bell transform is also included and representative examples for it are verified as multi-qubit Clifford gates. Our research suggests that the Bell transform may play important roles in quantum information and computation as a new type of quantum transform.

  6. Bell's MA 527 Homework Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Homework 12 · Homework 13 and MAPLE cheat sheets (mws,pdf); Homework 14. A collection of short Flash videos of homework hints from Bell about certain ...

  7. KEK Preprint 9621 BELLE Preprint 963

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BELLE KEK Preprint 96­21 BELLE Preprint 96­3 Aerogel Ÿ Cerenkov Counter for the BELLE Experiment T Cerenkov counter system based on silica aerogels will be used to provide a �=K separation in the momentum. In the BELLE experiment at KEKB, a threshold aerogel Ÿ Cerenkov counter (ACC) will be used to extend

  8. Energy Conservation in the Bell System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Draper, W. C.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    --'-_L--'-_'--L-_'--L----JI--L----' 1972 '73 '74 '75 '76 '77 '78 '79 '50 '81 1982 1972 '73 '74 '75 '76 '77 '78 '79 '50 '81 1982 Energy Per Telephone Long Unes Energy Per Circuit 5.------------------, 5.-------------------, Ol-:>"r"'--------------f 01---.---------------1 ?5 ?10 ?5... tomer lines, 38 percent; calls, 55 percent; number of motor vehicles, 19 percent; and floor space, 31 percent. ENERGY MANAGEMENT Even before the 1973 oi 1 embargo rai sed the United States I "energy consciousness," the Bell System. had been saving...

  9. Bell's Experiment in Quantum Mechanics and Classical Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Rother

    2013-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Both the quantum mechanical and classical Bells experiment are within the focus of this paper. The fact that one measures different probabilities in both experiments is traced back to the superposition of two orthogonal but nonentangled substates in the quantum mechanical case. This superposition results in an interference term that can be splitted into two additional states representing a sink and a source of probabilities in the classical event space related to Bells experiment. As a consequence, a statistical operator can be related to the quantum mechanical Bells experiment that contains already negative quasi probabilities, as usually known from quantum optics in conjunction with the Glauber-Sudarshan equation. It is proven that the existence of such negative quasi probabilities are neither a sufficient nor a necessary condition for entanglement. The equivalence of using an interaction picture in a fixed basis or of employing a change of basis to describe Bells experiment is demonstrated afterwards. The discussion at the end of this paper regarding the application of the complementarity principle to the quantum mechanical Bells experiment is supported by very recent double slit experiments performed with polarization entangled photons.

  10. Bell-type inequalities for non-local resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas Brunner; Valerio Scarani; Nicolas Gisin

    2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present bipartite Bell-type inequalities which allow the two partners to use some non-local resource. Such inequality can only be violated if the parties use a resource which is more non-local than the one permitted by the inequality. We introduce a family of N-inputs non-local machines, which are generalizations of the well-known PR-box. Then we construct Bell-type inequalities that cannot be violated by strategies that use one these new machines. Finally we discuss implications for the simulation of quantum states.

  11. Bell Nursery USA, LLC Internship Position Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bell Nursery USA, LLC Internship Position Description Internship Program Goal as a grower. Grower/Internship position : It is our goal at Bell to provide a rewarding and educational experience to the student/intern. The internship position

  12. Belle Fourche River Compact (South Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Belle Fourche River Compact, agreed to by South Dakota and Wyoming, seeks to provide for the most efficient use of the waters of the Belle Fourche River Basin for multiple purposes, and to...

  13. John Bell and Bell's Theorem Detlef Durr, Sheldon Goldstein,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, Sheldon

    light. From 1960 until his death Bell worked at CERN in Geneva on the physics of particle accel- erators particles do not. According to the Copenhagen view, the world is divided into two realms, macro and micro. This theory describes a world in which electrons, quarks and the like are point particles, always having

  14. Probabilistic quantum phase-space simulation of Bell violations and their dynamical evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laura Rosales-Zárate; Bogdan Opanchuk; Peter D. Drummond; Margaret D. Reid

    2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum simulations of Bell inequality violations are numerically obtained using probabilistic phase space methods, namely the positive P-representation. In this approach the moments of quantum observables are evaluated as moments of variables that have values outside the normal eigenvalue range. There is thus a parallel with quantum weak measurements and weak values. Nevertheless, the representation is exactly equivalent to quantum mechanics. A number of states violating Bell inequalities are sampled, demonstrating that these quantum paradoxes can be treated with probabilistic methods. We treat quantum dynamics by simulating the time evolution of the Bell state formed via parametric down-conversion, and discuss multi-mode generalizations.

  15. A remark on the role of indeterminism and non-locality in the violation of Bell’s inequalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sassoli de Bianchi, Massimiliano, E-mail: autoricerca@gmail.com

    2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Diederik Aerts was the first in the eighties to develop a concrete example of a macroscopic “classical” entity violating Bell’s inequalities (BI). In more recent years, he also developed a macroscopic model in which the amount of non-locality and indeterminism can be continuously varied, and used it to show that by increasing non-locality one increases the degree of violation of BI, whereas by increasing indeterminism one decreases the degree of violation of BI. In this article we introduce and analyze a different macroscopic model in which the amount of non-locality and indeterminism can also be parameterized, and therefore varied, and find that, in accordance with the model of Aerts, an increase of non-locality does produce a stronger violation of BI. However, differently from his model, we also find that, depending on the initial state in which the system is prepared, an increase of indeterminism can either strengthen or weaken the degree of violation of BI. -- Highlights: •There are macroscopic models that can violate Bell’s inequalities (BI). •We describe a model in which non-locality and indeterminism can be continuously varied. •An increase of non-locality produces a stronger violation of BI. •An increase of indeterminism can either produce a stronger or weaker violation of BI, depending on the initial state.

  16. Bell Inequalities with Communication Assistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katherine Maxwell; Eric Chitambar

    2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we consider the possible correlations between two parties using local machines and shared randomness with an additional amount of classical communication. This is a continuation of the work initiated by Bacon and Toner in Ref. [\\textit{Phys. Rev. Lett.} \\textbf{90}, 157904 (2003)] who characterized the correlation polytope for $2\\times 2$ measurement settings with binary outcomes plus one bit of communication. Here, we derive a complete set of Bell Inequalities for $3\\times 2$ measurement settings and a shared bit of communication. When the communication direction is fixed, nine Bell Inequalities characterize the correlation polytope, whereas when the communication direction is bi-directional, 143 inequalities describe the correlations. We then prove a tight lower bound on the amount of communication needed to simulate all no-signaling correlations for a given number of measurement settings.

  17. Multipartite Bell-type Inequality by Generalizing Wigner's Argument

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dipankar Home; Debashis Saha; Siddhartha Das

    2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Wigner's argument inferring Bell-type inequality for the EPR-Bohm entangled state is generalized here for any N-partite state. This is based on assuming for the relevant dichotomic observables the existence of the overall joint probability distributions, satisfying the locality condition, that would yield the measurable marginal probabilities. For any N, such Generalized Wigner's Inequality (GWI) is violated by quantum mechanics for all pure entangled states. The e?cacy of GWI is probed, comparing with the Seevinck-Svetlichny multipartite Bell-type inequality, by calculating threshold visibilities for the quadripartite GHZ, Cluster andWstates that determine their respective robustness with respect to the quantum mechanical violation of GWI in the presence of white noise.

  18. Bell Pettigrew Museum University of St Andrews THE BELL PETTIGREW MUSEUM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    Bell Pettigrew Museum University of St Andrews THE BELL PETTIGREW MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY to the museum that will go through further changes before final editing. If any of the text is unclear, too- Pacific region. #12;Bell Pettigrew Museum University of St Andrews 2 "Packed full of treasures

  19. A Bell pair in a generic random matrix environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlos Pineda; Thomas H. Seligman

    2006-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Two non-interacting qubits are coupled to an environment. Both coupling and environment are represented by random matrix ensembles. The initial state of the pair is a Bell state, though we also consider arbitrary pure states. Decoherence of the pair is evaluated analytically in terms of purity; Monte Carlo calculations confirm these results and also yield the concurrence of the pair. Entanglement within the pair accelerates decoherence. Numerics display the relation between concurrence and purity known for Werner states, allowing us to give a formula for concurrence decay.

  20. Idaho_BellRapidsIrrigation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School footballHydrogenIT | NationalMentoringWind Power -Mtn. Bell

  1. BELLE Preprint 975 KEK Preprint 97102

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BELLE BELLE Preprint 97­5 KEK Preprint 97­102 Monte­Carlo Simulation for an Aerogel Ÿ Cerenkov.kek.jp. 1 #12; Abstract We have developed a Monte­Carlo simulation code for an aerogel Ÿ Cerenkov: photon transportation inside aerogel tiles, and one­dimensional amplification in a fine

  2. Michael Bell for the NSTX Research Team

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    NSTXNSTX Supported by College W&M Colorado Sch Mines Columbia U CompX General Atomics INL Johns Hopkins U accumulation increases radiated power and Zeff H. Kugel, B. LeBlanc, R.E. Bell #12;M.G. Bell / PPPL Theory Dept

  3. Belle-II Experiment Network Requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Belle-II Experiment Collaboration; Asner, David; Bell, Greg; Carlson, Tim; Cowley, David; Dart, Eli; Erwin, Brock; Godang, Romulus; Hara, Takanori; Johnson, Jerry; Johnson, Ron; Johnston, Bill; Dam, Kerstin Kleese-van; Kaneko, Toshiaki; Kubota, Yoshihiro; Kuhr, Thomas; McCoy, John; Miyake, Hideki; Monga, Inder; Nakamura, Motonori; Piilonen, Leo; Pordes, Ruth; Ray, Douglas; Russell, Richard; Schram, Malachi; Schroeder, Jim; Sevior, Martin; Singh, Surya; Suzuki, Soh; Sasaki, Takashi; Williams, Jim

    2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The Belle experiment, part of a broad-based search for new physics, is a collaboration of ~;;400 physicists from 55 institutions across four continents. The Belle detector is located at the KEKB accelerator in Tsukuba, Japan. The Belle detector was operated at the asymmetric electron-positron collider KEKB from 1999-2010. The detector accumulated more than 1 ab-1 of integrated luminosity, corresponding to more than 2 PB of data near 10 GeV center-of-mass energy. Recently, KEK has initiated a $400 million accelerator upgrade to be called SuperKEKB, designed to produce instantaneous and integrated luminosity two orders of magnitude greater than KEKB. The new international collaboration at SuperKEKB is called Belle II. The first data from Belle II/SuperKEKB is expected in 2015. In October 2012, senior members of the Belle-II collaboration gathered at PNNL to discuss the computing and neworking requirements of the Belle-II experiment with ESnet staff and other computing and networking experts. The day-and-a-half-long workshop characterized the instruments and facilities used in the experiment, the process of science for Belle-II, and the computing and networking equipment and configuration requirements to realize the full scientific potential of the collaboration?s work.

  4. Near-Optimal and Explicit Bell Inequality Violations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harry Buhrman; Oded Regev; Giannicola Scarpa; Ronald de Wolf

    2011-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Bell inequality violations correspond to behavior of entangled quantum systems that cannot be simulated classically. We give two new two-player games with Bell inequality violations that are stronger, fully explicit, and arguably simpler than earlier work. The first game is based on the Hidden Matching problem of quantum communication complexity, introduced by Bar-Yossef, Jayram, and Kerenidis. This game can be won with probability~1 by a quantum strategy using a maximally entangled state with local dimension $n$ (e.g., $\\log n$ EPR-pairs), while we show that the winning probability of any classical strategy differs from 1/2 by at most $O(\\log n/\\sqrt{n})$. The second game is based on the integrality gap for Unique Games by Khot and Vishnoi and the quantum rounding procedure of Kempe, Regev, and Toner. Here $n$-dimensional entanglement allows to win the game with probability $1/(\\log n)^2$, while the best winning probability without entanglement is $1/n$. This near-linear ratio ("Bell inequality violation") is near-optimal, both in terms of the local dimension of the entangled state, and in terms of the number of possible outputs of the two players.

  5. September 1997 Coord `97 Lucent Technologies Bell Labs Innovations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Dewayne E.

    1 September 1997 Coord `97 Lucent Technologies Bell Labs Innovations Software Architecture and its Hill NJ 07974 dep@research.bell-labs.com www.bell-labs.com/~dep/ September 1997 Coord `97 Lucent Engineering · Issues of Emerging Significance September 1997 Coord `97 Lucent Technologies Bell Labs

  6. Bell Inequality and Many-Worlds Interpretation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lev Vaidman

    2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    It is argued that the lesson we should learn from Bell's inequalities is not that quantum mechanics requires some kind of action at a distance, but that it leads us to believe in parallel worlds.

  7. KEK Preprint 9697 BELLE Preprint 966

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BELLE KEK Preprint 96­97 BELLE Preprint 96­6 Study on Fine­mesh PMT's for Detection of Aerogel Ÿ­PMT's), with 19 dynode stages, have been tested for application to a threshold aerogel Ÿ Cerenkov counter. Two of up to 1.5 T. The obtained results show that a FM­PMT is a suitable device for detection of aerogel Ÿ

  8. Geometric conditions for violation of Bell's inequality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendas, Istok P. [Institute of Physics, P. O. Box 57, 11001 Belgrad (Serbia and Montenegro)

    2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The geometric conditions for violation of Bell's inequality, in its original form dealing with a pair of spin one-half particles formed in the singlet spin state, are discussed. The parameters x{sub 1}, x{sub 2}, and x{sub 3} are introduced as the cosines of angles {theta}{sub ab}=angle(a,b), {theta}{sub ac}=angle(a,c), and {theta}{sub bc}=angle(b,c) between the unit vectors a, b, and c defining the orientation of the corresponding Stern-Gerlach magnets. A Monte Carlo experiment shows that in order to obtain violation, the three parameters must belong to a definite region in the parametric space that encompasses 1/3 of all possible triplets of unit vectors generated randomly from the isotropic distribution in the ordinary space. By introducing a measure of violation D{identical_to}|x{sub 1}-x{sub 2}|+x{sub 3}-1, it is found that 0{<=}D{<=}1/2 and that the maximal violation D=1/2 is obtained only in two isolated cases, when the relevant angles are {theta}{sub ab}=2{pi}/3, {theta}{sub ac}={theta}{sub bc}={pi}/3, or when {theta}{sub ab}={theta}{sub bc}={pi}/3, {theta}{sub ac}=2{pi}/3. In both cases the unit vectors a, b, and c are coplanar.

  9. Search for Physics Beyond the Standard Model at BaBar and Belle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Calderini

    2012-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent results on the search for new physics at BaBar and Belle B-factories are presented. The search for a light Higgs boson produced in the decay of different Y resonances is shown. In addition, recent measurements aimed to discover invisible final states produced by new physics mechanisms beyond the standard model are presented.

  10. Incompatible Statistics and Bell-KS Theorem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ángel Rivas

    2015-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze a possible loophole to the conclusion of the Bell-KS theorem that quantum mechanics is not compatible with any realistic and noncontextual or local theory. We emphasize that the models discarded by Bell-KS-like arguments possess a property not shared by quantum mechanics, i.e. the capability to make non-trivial statements about the joint statistics of quantum incompatible observables. By ruling out this possibility, apparently nothing seems to prevent from a realistic, noncontextual or local view of quantum mechanics.

  11. Pseudospin entanglement and Bell test in graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Kindermann

    2008-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a way of producing and detecting pseudospin entanglement between electrons and holes in graphene. Electron-hole pairs are produced by a fluctuating potential and their entanglement is demonstrated by a current correlation measurement. The chirality of electrons in graphene facilitates a well-controlled Bell test with (pseudo-)spin projection angles defined in real space.

  12. EPR and Bell's theorem: A critical review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stapp, H.P. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The argument of Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen is reviewed with attention to logical structure and character of assumptions. Bohr's reply is discussed. Bell's contribution is formulated without use of hidden variables, and efforts to equate hidden variables to realism are critically examined. An alternative derivation of nonlocality that makes no use of hidden variables, microrealism, counterfactual definiteness, or any other assumption alien to orthodox quantum thinking is described in detail, with particular attention to the quartet or broken-square question.

  13. Bell's Jump Process in Discrete Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathan Barrett; Matthew Leifer; Roderich Tumulka

    2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The jump process introduced by J. S. Bell in 1986, for defining a quantum field theory without observers, presupposes that space is discrete whereas time is continuous. In this letter, our interest is to find an analogous process in discrete time. We argue that a genuine analog does not exist, but provide examples of processes in discrete time that could be used as a replacement.

  14. Aerogel Cerenkov Counter for the BELLE Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iijima Adachi; Belle Preprint

    In the BELLE experiment at KEKB, a threshold Cerenkov counter system based on silica aerogels will be used to provide a ß=K separation in the momentum region from 0.8 to 3.5 GeV/c. The detector design, recent progresses in R&D's and results of beam tests are reviewed in this talk. 1 Introduction Particle identification, in particular the identification of charged pions and kaons, plays an important role for the studies of CP -violation in B-factory experiments. In the BELLE experiment at KEKB, a threshold aerogel Cerenkov counter (ACC) will be used to extend the momentum region beyond the reach of dE=dx and time-of-flight (TOF) measurements [1]. This paper gives a brief description of the detector design, recent progresses in R&D's and results of beam tests. 2 Detector design Figure 1 shows the design of the BELLE ACC system, which consists of a barrel ACC and a forward endcap ACC. The barrel ACC is a 900-element array, segmented into 15 and 60 in z and OE directions, respectivel...

  15. Entanglement like properties in Spin-Orbit Coupled Ultra Cold Atom and violation of Bell like Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahul Kumar; Sankalpa Ghosh

    2015-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that the general quantum state of synthetically spin-orbit coupled ultra cold bosonic atom whose condensate was experimentally created recently ( Y. J. Lin {\\it et al.}, Nature, {\\bf 471}, 83, (2011)), shows entanglement between motional degrees of freedom ( momentum) and internal degrees of freedom (hyperfine spin). We demonstrate the violation of Bell-like inequality (CHSH) for such states that provides a unique opportunity to verify fundamental principle like quantum non-contextuality for commutating observables which are not spatially separated. We analyze in detail the Rabi oscillation executed by such atom-laser system and how that influneces quantities like entanglement entropy, violation of Bell like Inequality etc. We also discuss the implication of our result in testing the quantum non-contextuality and Bell's Inequality vioaltion by macroscopic quantum object like Bose-Einstein Condensate of ultra cold atoms.

  16. Dalitz Analysis of B=>Khh Decays at Belle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexey Garmash; for the Belle Collaboration

    2005-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We report results on the Dalitz analysis of three-body charmless B+=>K+pi+pi-, B0=>K0pi+pi- and B+=>K+K+K- decays including searches for direct CP violation in the B+=>K+pi+pi- mode. Branching fractions for a number of quasi-two-body intermediate states are reported. We also observe evidence with 3.9 sigma significance for a large direct CP violation in B+-=>rho(770)0K+- channel. This is the first evidence for CP violation in a charged meson decay. The results are obtained using a Dalitz analysis technique with a large data sample of BBbar pairs collected with the Belle detector operating at the KEKB asymmetric energy e+e- collider.

  17. Bound on Bell Inequalities by Fraction of Determinism and Reverse Triangle Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Joshi; K. Horodecki; M. Horodecki; P. Horodecki; R. Horodecki; Ben Li; S. J. Szarek; T. Szarek

    2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    It is an established fact that entanglement is a resource. Sharing an entangled state leads to non-local correlations and to violations of Bell inequalities. Such non-local correlations illustrate the advantage of quantum resources over classical resources. Here, we study quantitatively Bell inequalities with $2\\times n$ inputs. As found in [N. Gisin et al., Int. J. Q. Inf. 5, 525 (2007)] quantum mechanical correlations cannot reach the algebraic bound for such inequalities. In this paper, we uncover the heart of this effect which we call the {\\it fraction of determinism}. We show that any quantum statistics with two parties and $2 \\times n$ inputs exhibits nonzero fraction of determinism, and we supply a quantitative bound for it. We then apply it to provide an explicit {\\it universal upper bound} for Bell inequalities with $2\\times n$ inputs. As our main mathematical tool we introduce and prove a {\\it reverse triangle inequality}, stating in a quantitative way that if some states are far away from a given state, then their mixture is also. The inequality is crucial in deriving the lower bound for the fraction of determinism, but is also of interest on its own.

  18. Bell Independent Power Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions IncBay County,SouthCityStrategy | OpenCounty,Bell Independent

  19. Nonclassicality thresholds for multiqubit states: Numerical analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gruca, Jacek; Zukowski, Marek [Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, University of Gdansk, PL-80-952 Gdansk (Poland); Laskowski, Wieslaw [Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, University of Gdansk, PL-80-952 Gdansk (Poland); Fakultaet fuer Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians Universitaet Muenchen, D-80799 Muenchen (Germany); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Quantenoptik, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Kiesel, Nikolai [Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Wieczorek, Witlef; Weinfurter, Harald [Fakultaet fuer Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians Universitaet Muenchen, D-80799 Muenchen (Germany); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Quantenoptik, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Schmid, Christian [Fakultaet fuer Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians Universitaet Muenchen, D-80799 Muenchen (Germany); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Quantenoptik, D-85748 Garching (Germany); European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    States that strongly violate Bell's inequalities are required in many quantum-informational protocols as, for example, in cryptography, secret sharing, and the reduction of communication complexity. We investigate families of such states with a numerical method which allows us to reveal nonclassicality even without direct knowledge of Bell's inequalities for the given problem. An extensive set of numerical results is presented and discussed.

  20. KEK Preprint 97-252 BELLE Preprint 98-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BELLE KEK Preprint 97-252 BELLE Preprint 98-1 SAGA-HEP 127 The monitoring system for the aerogel on a design and performances of a monitoring system developed for the aerogel Cherenkov counters (ACC, aerogel Cherenkov counter, gain monitoring. 2 #12; 1 Introduction Particle identi#12;cation plays

  1. Clauser-Horne Bell test with imperfect random inputs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao Yuan; Qi Zhao; Xiongfeng Ma

    2015-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Bell test is one of the most important tools in quantum information science. On the one hand, it enables fundamental test for the physics laws of nature, and on the other hand, it can be also applied in varieties of device independent tasks such as quantum key distribution and random number generation. In practice, loopholes existing in experimental demonstrations of Bell tests may affect the validity of the conclusions. In this work, we focus on the randomness (freewill) loophole and investigate the randomness requirement in a well-known Bell test, the Clauser-Horne test, under various conditions. With partially random inputs, we explicitly bound the Bell value for all local hidden variable models by optimizing the classical strategy. Our result thus puts input randomness requirement on the Clauser-Horne test under varieties of practical scenarios. The employed analysis technique can be generalized to other Bell's inequalities.

  2. A General Relativistic Generalization of Bell Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladan Pankovic

    2005-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work a general relativistic generalization of Bell inequality is suggested. Namely,it is proved that practically in any general relativistic metric there is a generalization of Bell inequality.It can be satisfied within theories of local (subluminal) hidden variables, but it cannot be satisfied in the general case within standard quantum mechanical formalism or within theories of nonlocal (superluminal) hidden variables. It is shown too that within theories of nonlocal hidden variables but not in the standard quantum mechanical formalism a paradox appears in the situation when one of the correlated subsystems arrives at a Schwarzschild black hole. Namely, there is no way that black hole horizon obstructs superluminal influences between spin of the subsystem without horizon and spin of the subsystem within horizon,or simply speaking,there is none black hole horizon nor "no hair" theorem for subsystems with correlated spins. It implies that standard quantum mechanical formalism yields unique consistent and complete description of the quantum mechanical phenomenons.

  3. Results on CP Violation from Belle T.E. Browder representing the Belle Collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Browder, Tom

    violating parameter sin2f 1 = (0:99 \\Sigma 0:14 \\Sigma 0:05) from the Belle experiment at KEK. INTRODUCTION and daring because it required the existence of six quarks at a time when only the u, d and s quarks were \\Delta sin(Dm \\Delta (t 2 \\Sigma t 1 )); (2) where x f is the CP eigenvalue (\\Sigma1), Dm denotes

  4. Calibration robust entanglement detection beyond Bell inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobias Moroder; Oleg Gittsovich

    2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In its vast majority entanglement verification is examined either in the complete characterized or totally device independent scenario. The assumptions imposed by these extreme cases are often either too weak or strong for real experiments. Here we investigate this detection task for the intermediate regime where partial knowledge of the measured observables is known, considering cases like orthogonal, sharp or only dimension bounded measurements. We show that for all these assumptions it is not necessary to violate a corresponding Bell inequality in order to detect entanglement. We derive strong detection criteria that can be directly evaluated for experimental data and which are robust against large classes of calibration errors. The conditions are even capable of detecting bound entanglement under the sole assumption of dimension bounded measurements.

  5. Mathematical and physical meaning of the Bell inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emilio Santos

    2014-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that the Bell inequalities are closely related to the triangle inequalities involving distance functions amongst pairs of random variables with values {0,1} . A hidden variables model may be defined as a mapping between a set of quantum projection operators and a set of random variables. The model is noncontextual if there is a joint probability distribution. The Bell inequalities are necessary conditions for its existence. The inequalities are most relevant when measurements are performed at space-like separation, a possibility showing a conflict between quantum mechanics and local realism (Bell's theorem).

  6. Hybrid quantum logic and a test of Bell's inequality using two different atomic species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ballance, C J; Home, J P; Szwer, D J; Webster, S C; Allcock, D T C; Linke, N M; Harty, T P; Craik, D P L Aude; Stacey, D N; Steane, A M; Lucas, D M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Entanglement is one of the most fundamental properties of quantum mechanics, and is the key resource for quantum information processing. Bipartite entangled states of identical particles have been generated and studied in several experiments, and post-selected entangled states involving pairs of photons, or single photons and single atoms, have also been produced. Here, we deterministically generate a "hybrid" entangled state of two different species of trapped-ion qubit, perform full tomography of the state produced, and make the first test of Bell's inequality with non-identical atoms. We use a laser-driven two-qubit quantum logic gate, whose mechanism is insensitive to the qubits' energy splittings, to produce a maximally-entangled state of one Ca40 qubit and one Ca43 qubit, held in the same ion trap, with 99.8(5)% fidelity. We make a test of Bell's inequality for this novel entangled state, and find that it is violated by 15 sigma. Mixed-species quantum logic is an essential technique for the construction...

  7. Rayleigh waves and surface stability for Bell materials in compression; comparison with rubber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michel Destrade

    2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The stability of a Bell-constrained half-space in compression is studied. To this end, the propagation of Rayleigh waves on the surface of the material when it is maintained in a static state of triaxial prestrain is considered. The prestrain is such that the free surface of the half-space is a principal plane of deformation. The exact secular equation is established for surface waves traveling in a principal direction of strain with attenuation along the principal direction normal to the free plane. As the half-space is put under increasing compressive loads, the speed of the wave eventually tends to zero and the bifurcation criterion, or stability equation, is reached. Then the analysis is specialized to specific forms of strain energy functions and prestrain, and comparisons are made with results previously obtained in the case of incompressible neo-Hookean or Mooney-Rivlin materials. It is found that these rubber-like incompressible materials may be compressed more than "Bell empirical model" materials, but not as much as "Bell simple hyperelastic" materials, before the critical stretches, solutions to the bifurcation criterion, are reached. In passing, some classes of incompressible materials which possess a relative-universal bifurcation criterion are presented.

  8. The geoarchaeology of Buttermilk Creek, Bell County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, Brandy Deanne

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE GEOARCHAEOLOGY OF BUTTERMILK CREEK, BELL COUNTY, TEXAS A Thesis by BRANDY DEANNE GIBSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS... December 1997 Major Subject; Anthropology THE GEOARCHAEOLOGY OF BUTTERMILK CREEK& BELL COUNTY, TEXAS A Thesis by BRANDY DEANNE GIBSON Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS...

  9. Entanglement formation and violation of Bell's inequality with a semiconductor single photon source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Fattal; Kyo Inoue; Jelena Vuckovic; Charles Santori; Glenn S. Solomon; Yoshihisa Yamamoto

    2003-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the generation of polarization-entangled photons, using a quantum dot single photon source, linear optics and photodetectors. Two photons created independently are observed to violate Bell's inequality. The density matrix describing the polarization state of the postselected photon pairs is also reconstructed, and agrees well with a simple model predicting the quality of entanglement from the known parameters of the single photon source. Our scheme provides a method to generate no more than one entangled photon pair per cycle, a feature useful to enhance quantum cryptography protocols using entangled photons.

  10. Figures and Data Plots from the Published Papers of the BELLE Experiment at the KEK - B Factory

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    This resource provides more than 300 citations to preprints and papers with the figures from each one pulled out separately for easy access and downloading. These are physics publications. Be sure to also see the page of Technical Journal publications at http://belle.kek.jp/belle/bellenim/index.htm and the lists of conference presentations from 2000 through 2009. Belle is a high-energy physics (HEP) experiment that began in 1999 at the KEK B-factory in Japan under the direction of the international Belle Collaboration. The original Letter of Intent from the Collaboration stated their scientific goal as follows:

    The laws of nature have a high degree of symmetry between matter and antimatter; violations of this symmetry, the so-called CP violations, are only seen as a small effect in the decays of neutral K mesons. Although experimental evidence for CP violation was first observed 30 years ago, we still do not understand how they occur. In 1973, Kobayashi and Maskawa (KM) noted that CP violation could be accommodated in the Standard Model only if there were at least six quark flavors, twice the number of quark flavors known at that time. The KM model for CP violation is now considered to be an essential part of the Standard Model. In 1980, Sanda and Carter pointed out that the KM model contained the possibility of rather sizable CP violating asymmetries in certain decay modes of the B meson. The subsequent observation of a long b quark lifetime and a large amount of mixing in the neutral B meson system indicated that it would be feasible to carry out decisive tests of the KM model by studying B meson decays. Our collaboration has been formed around the common interest of clarifying the long standing physics puzzle of CP violation. Our goal is to make a definitive test of the Standard ModelÆs predictions for CP violations in the decays of B mesons. [Copied, with editing, from Letter of Intent (KEK-Report94-2, April 1994); see http://belle.kek.jp/bdocs/old_publication.html and open the Letter of Intent file]

    That original Belle experiment verified the KM theory, leading to a Nobel prize in 2008 for Kobayashi and Maskawa. Belle II Collaboration is now working on additional discoveries.

  11. Microsoft Word - CX-Bell-BoundaryNo3BankStabilizationFY13_WEB...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    3 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-Bell-1 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Tom McClatchie Project Manager - TF-Bell-1 Proposed Action: Install rip rap along the stream bank at two...

  12. Quantum communication complexity advantage implies violation of a Bell inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harry Buhrman; Lukasz Czekaj; Andrzej Grudka; Michal Horodecki; Pawel Horodecki; Marcin Markiewicz; Florian Speelman; Sergii Strelchuk

    2015-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtain a general connection between a quantum advantage in communication complexity and non-locality. We show that given any protocol offering a (sufficiently large) quantum advantage in communication complexity, there exists a way of obtaining measurement statistics which violate some Bell inequality. Our main tool is port-based teleportation. If the gap between quantum and classical communication complexity can grow arbitrarily large, the ratio of the quantum value to the classical value of the Bell quantity becomes unbounded with the increase in the number of inputs and outputs.

  13. Nonlocal photon correlations and violation of Bell inequalities for spatially separated classical light fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel Bhatti; Raimund Schneider; Thomas Mehringer; Steffen Oppel; Joachim von Zanthier

    2015-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    It is theoretically and experimentally shown that photons emitted by statistically independent incoherent classical light sources and measured in the far field in spatially separated modes may display spatial correlations akin to path-entanglement of photons produced by quantum sources. By measuring higher order photon-correlations at different locations, i.e., $m$ photons in one mode and one photon in another mode, we experimentally demonstrate for $m \\geq 6$ a violation of Bell-type inequalities for spatial degrees of freedom. The spatial correlations among the photons can be understood from state projection where the detection of the first $m$ photons projects the sources onto a state which emits the subsequent photon in a strongly correlated manner. From this perspective the entanglement and violation of Bell's inequalities appears as a consequence of nonvanishing cross correlations between noncommuting quadrature phase components of the two spatially separated fields after $m$ photons have been recorded. In this way we show that classical systems may produce spatial field correlations violating local realistic theories.

  14. VMVM: Unit Test Virtualization for Java Jonathan Bell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Gail E.

    VMVM: Unit Test Virtualization for Java Jonathan Bell Columbia University 500 West 120th St, MC New York, NY USA kaiser@cs.columbia.edu ABSTRACT As software evolves and grows, its regression test suites tend to grow as well. When these test suites become too large, they can eventually reach a point

  15. Water bell and sheet instabilities Jeffrey M. Aristoff, Chad Lieberman,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bush, John W.M.

    . 1 G. I. Taylor, "The dynamics of thin sheets of fluid. I. Water bells," Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser," Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 253, 296 1959 . 3 G. I. Taylor, "The dynamics of thin sheets of fluid. III. A 253, 289 1959 . 2 G. I. Taylor, "The dynamics of thin sheets of fluid. II. Waves on fluid sheets

  16. AT&T Bell Laboratories Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Dewayne E.

    AT&T Bell Laboratories Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974 Software and Systems Research Center Technical Report Object-Oriented programs and Testing Dewayne E. Perry Gail E. Kaiser* appears in The Journal Of Object Oriented Programming January/February 1990 __________________ * Columbia University, Department

  17. Bell Inequality (Non-)Violation versus Local (Non-) Commutativity [1] Michael Seevinck and Jos Uffink. Utrecht University, the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seevinck, Michiel

    Uffink. Utrecht University, the Netherlands. I: Bell inequality & Local commutativity Consider the well

  18. Two photon couplings of the lightest isoscalars from BELLE data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dai, Lingyun [JLAB; Pennington, Michael R. [JLAB

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Amplitude Analysis of two photon production of ?? and K?K, using S-matrix constraints and fitting all available data, including the latest precision results from Belle, yields a single partial wave solution up to 1.4 GeV. The two photon couplings of the ?/f0(500), f0(980) and f2(1270) are determined from the residues of the resonance poles.

  19. Two photon couplings of the lightest isoscalars from BELLE data

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Dai, Lingyun [JLAB; Pennington, Michael R. [JLAB

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Amplitude Analysis of two photon production of ?? and K?K, using S-matrix constraints and fitting all available data, including the latest precision results from Belle, yields a single partial wave solution up to 1.4 GeV. The two photon couplings of the ?/f0(500), f0(980) and f2(1270) are determined from the residues of the resonance poles.

  20. EIS-0344: Grand Coulee-Bell 500 kV Transmission Line

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS analyzes DOE's proposed action for the construction and operation of the proposed Grand Coulee-Bell 500-kV Transmission Line Project.

  1. Microsoft Word - CX-Bell-Boundary_Well_FY12_WEB.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    14, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-AMPN-2 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Mari Rosales Realty Specialist - TERR-Bell-1 Proposed Action: Decommission ground water monitoring...

  2. Biface reduction and blade manufacture at the Gault site (41bl323): a Clovis occupation in Bell County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickens, William A.

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    COUNTY, TEXAS A Dissertation by WILLIAM A. DICKENS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Co-Chairs of Committee... at the Gault Site (41BL323): A Clovis Occupation in Bell County, Texas. (December 2005) William A. Dickens, B.S., Stephen F. Austin State University; M.A., Texas A&M University Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr Harry J. Shafer Dr. Michael R. Waters...

  3. Similarity of zitterbewegung of electron to the Adler-Bell-Jackiw anomaly in QED: its observable manifestation in graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Arunagiri

    2011-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The zitterbewegung being proportional to $\\sin(\\epsilon t)$, it is depicted as the motion of electron from the positive energy state to that of the negative energy and vice versa in the neighbourhood of Dirac point. Since such transition involves crossing the Dirac point, the same may be the possible realisation and measure of the zitterbewegung. In this respect, we draw a similirity between the zitterbewegung and the Adler-Bell-Jackiw anomaly in (1+1) QED. In a time dependent perturbation theory, the embodiment of zitterbewegung is envisaged in the context of graphene.

  4. An Overview of the State of the Art in Software Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Dewayne E.

    An Overview of the State of the Art in Software Architecture Dewayne E. Perry Bell Laboratories Murray Hill, NJ 07974 dep@research.bell-labs.com Introduction The problem of software architecture has architecture are included in both system architecture and requirements speci - cation. Typically, the software

  5. An intact chest from the 1686 French shipwreck La Belle, Matagorda Bay, Texas: artifacts from the La Salle colonization expedition to the Spanish Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Michael Carl

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    . They left the area without discovering the colony. The indigenous Karankawa tribe shortly thereafter attacked the 23 surviving colonists. Five children survived the massacre, four of whom were the children of Lucien Talon and his wife. The Talon... carpenter, Lucien Talon, as having been a soldier (Joutel 1998:112). Under interrogation by the French government a decade later, however, Talon?s sons stated that their father practiced carpentry by trade (Bell 1987:225). Although Pierre and Jean...

  6. Repairs to silence Tower bells | The Daily Texan http://dailytexanonline.com/news/2012/09/27/repairs-to-silence-tower-bells 2 of 4 10/2/2012 8:55 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John, Lizy Kurian

    Repairs to silence Tower bells | The Daily Texan http://dailytexanonline.com/news/2012/09/27/repairs-to-silence-tower-bells 2 of 4 10/2/2012 8:55 AM #12;Repairs to silence Tower bells | The Daily Texan http://dailytexanonline.com/news/2012/09/27/repairs-to-silence-tower-bells 3 of 4 10/2/2012 8

  7. Bell's Theorem, Entaglement, Quantum Teleportation and All That

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Anthony Leggett

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most surprising aspects of quantum mechanics is that under certain circumstances it does not allow individual physical systems, even when isolated, to possess properties in their own right. This feature, first clearly appreciated by John Bell in 1964, has in the last three decades been tested experimentally and found (in most people's opinion) to be spectacularly confirmed. More recently it has been realized that it permits various operations which are classically impossible, such as "teleportation" and secure-in-principle cryptography. This talk is a very basic introduction to the subject, which requires only elementary quantum mechanics.

  8. The Assembly of the Belle II TOP Counter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boqun Wang; for the Belle II PID Group

    2015-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A new type of ring-imaging Cherenkov counter, called TOP counter, has been developed for particle identification at the Belle II experiment to run at the SuperKEKB accelerator in KEK, Japan. The detector consists of 16 identical modules arranged azimuthally around the beam line. The assembly procedure for a TOP module is described. This procedure includes acceptance testing of the quartz mirror, prism, and quartz bar radiators. The acceptance tests include a chip search and measurements of bulk transmittance and total internal reflectance. The process for aligning and gluing the optical components together is described.

  9. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Bell Telephone Laboratories - Murray

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTable ofArizonaBuffalo - NY 63Hill - NJ 0-04 Bell

  10. 26093_ESNet_Belle_II_Cover_v3

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch >InternshipDepartment ofAugustDecember 201420thSciencesNetworkBelle-II

  11. Bell Island Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions IncBay County,SouthCityStrategy | OpenCounty,BellInformation

  12. Belle Glade Camp, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions IncBay County,SouthCityStrategy |Oklahoma: EnergyBelle Glade

  13. Belle Glade, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions IncBay County,SouthCityStrategy |Oklahoma: EnergyBelle

  14. Belle Haven, Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions IncBay County,SouthCityStrategy |Oklahoma: EnergyBelleHaven,

  15. Belle, West Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions IncBay County,SouthCityStrategy |Oklahoma:Terre, NewBelle, West

  16. Bell's theorem tells us NOT what quantum mechanics IS, but what quantum mechanics IS NOT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zukowski, Marek

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-locality, or quantum-non-locality, are buzzwords in the community of quantum foundation and information scientists, which purportedly describe the implications of Bell's theorem. When such phrases are treated seriously, that is it is claimed that Bell's theorem reveals non-locality as an inherent trait of the quantum description of the micro-world, this leads to logical contradictions, which will be discussed here. In fact, Bell's theorem, understood as violation of Bell inequalities by quantum predictions, is consistent with Bohr's notion of complementarity. Thus, if it points to anything, then it is rather the significance of the principle of Bohr, but even this is not a clear implication. Non-locality is a necessary consequence of Bell's theorem only if we reject complementarity by adopting some form of realism, be it additional hidden variables, additional hidden causes, etc., or counterfactual definiteness. The essay contains two largely independent parts. The first one is addressed to any reader int...

  17. Reply to Norsen's paper "Are there really two different Bell's theorems?"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard M. Wiseman; Eleanor G. Rieffel

    2015-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Yes. That is my polemical reply to the titular question in Travis Norsen's self-styled "polemical response to Howard Wiseman's recent paper." Less polemically, I am pleased to see that on two of my positions --- that Bell's 1964 theorem is different from Bell's 1976 theorem, and that the former does not include Bell's one-paragraph heuristic presentation of the EPR argument --- Norsen has made significant concessions. In his response, Norsen admits that "Bell's recapitulation of the EPR argument in [the relevant] paragraph leaves something to be desired," that it "disappoints" and is "problematic". Moreover, Norsen makes other statements that imply, on the face of it, that he should have no objections to the title of my recent paper ("The Two Bell's Theorems of John Bell"). My principle aim in writing that paper was to try to bridge the gap between two interpretational camps, whom I call 'operationalists' and 'realists', by pointing out that they use the phrase "Bell's theorem" to mean different things: his 1964 theorem (assuming locality and determinism) and his 1976 theorem (assuming local causality), respectively. Thus, it is heartening that at least one person from one side has taken one step on my bridge. That said, there are several issues of contention with Norsen, which we (the two authors) address after discussing the extent of our agreement with Norsen. The most significant issues are: the indefiniteness of the word 'locality' prior to 1964; and the assumptions Einstein made in the paper quoted by Bell in 1964 and their relation to Bell's theorem.

  18. Search for the dark photon and the dark Higgs boson at Belle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The dark photon, $A^\\prime$, and the dark Higgs boson, $h^\\prime$, are hypothetical constituents featured in a number of recently proposed Dark Sector Models. Assuming prompt decays of both dark particles, we search for their production in the so-called Higgs-strahlung channel, $e^+e^- \\rightarrow A^\\prime h'$, with $h^\\prime \\rightarrow A^\\prime A^\\prime$. We investigate ten exclusive final-states with $A^\\prime \\rightarrow e^+e^-$, $\\mu^+\\mu^-$, or $\\pi^+\\pi^-$, in the mass ranges $0.1$~GeV/$c^2$~$< m_{A^\\prime} < 3.5$~GeV/$c^2$ and $0.2$~GeV/$c^2$~$< m_{h'} < 10.5$~GeV/$c^2$. We also investigate three inclusive final-states, $2(e^+e^-)X$, $2(\\mu^+\\mu^-)X$, and $(e^+e^-)(\\mu^+\\mu^-)X$, where $X$ denotes a dark photon candidate detected via missing mass, in the mass ranges $1.1$~GeV/$c^2$~$< m_{A^\\prime} < 3.5$~GeV/$c^2$ and $2.2$~GeV/$c^2$~$< m_{h'} < 10.5$~GeV/$c^2$. Using the entire $977\\,\\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$ data set collected by Belle, we observe no significant signal. We obtain ind...

  19. Entanglement, EPR steering, and Bell-nonlocality criteria for multipartite higher-spin systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Q Y; Reid, M D

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop criteria to detect three classes of nonlocality that have been shown by Wiseman et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 140402 (2007)] to be nonequivalent: entanglement, EPR steering, and the failure of local hidden-variable theories. We use the approach of Cavalcanti et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 210405 (2007)] for continuous variables to develop the nonlocality criteria for arbitrary spin observables defined on a discrete Hilbert space. The criteria thus apply to multisite qudits, i.e., systems of fixed dimension d, and take the form of inequalities. We find that the spin moment inequalities that test local hidden variables (Bell inequalities) can be violated for arbitrary d by optimized highly correlated nonmaximally entangled states provided the number of sites N is high enough. On the other hand, the spin inequalities for entanglement are violated and thus detect entanglement for such states, for arbitrary d and N, and with a violation that increases with N.We show that one of the moment entanglement ineq...

  20. May 1997 ICSE `97 State of the Art

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Dewayne E.

    1 May 1997 ICSE `97 State of the Art: Software Architecture Dewayne E. Perry Bell Laboratories Room 1997 ICSE `97 Apologia · This SOTA talk is a mixture of ­ State of the practice ­ State of the research ­ State of the problem May 1997 ICSE `97 Overview 4 Rationale for a separate discipline · Models

  1. The rule of the stock distribution with large bell in blast furnace

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu Yuncai [Shoudu Iron and Steel Co., Beijing (China)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes in detail, starting from the basic equation of materials falling from a two bell furnace top system, how a number of mathematical expressions which govern the stock distribution of the throat were derived. An analysis was then made by applying these equations on topics, such as stockline levels, charging sequences, stock grain size, large bell angle and batch weight. This demonstrates that a reasonable two bells top charging system and practice could be established theoretically. Furthermore, character numbers for stock distribution, such as E{sub B} and D{sub K}, were developed for a possible computer application.

  2. MONITORING OF CRACKS ON THE BELL TOWER OF ST. ANASTASIA CATHEDRAL IN ZADAR CROATIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    MONITORING OF CRACKS ON THE BELL TOWER OF ST. ANASTASIA CATHEDRAL IN ZADAR CROATIA Davor Uglesi 1 , Uros Bohinc 2 1 D & Z doo, Jerolima Vidulia 7, 23000 Zadar, Croatia 2 ZAG, Dimiceva 12, 1000 Ljubljana

  3. Bringing Bell's theorem back to the domain of Particle Physics & Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiesmayr, Beatrix C

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    John St. Bell was a physicist working most of his time at CERN and contributing intensively and sustainably to the development of Particle Physics and Collider Physics. As a hobby he worked on so-called "foundations of quantum theory", that was that time very unpopular, even considered to be scientifically taboo. His 1964-theorem, showing that predictions of local realistic theories are different to those of quantum theory, initiated a new field in quantum physics: quantum information theory. The violation of Bell's theorem, for instance, is a necessary and sufficient criterion for generating a secure key for cryptography at two distant locations. This contribution shows how Bell's theorem can be brought to the realm of high energy physics and presents the first conclusive experimental feasible test for weakly decaying neutral mesons on the market. Strong experimental and theoretical limitations make a Bell test in weakly decaying systems such as mesons and hyperons very challenging, however, these systems sh...

  4. Era Bell Thompson: Observations of an American Daughter on the American South and the African Congo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zacharias, Karenbeth Garvin

    2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation asks how author and journalist Era Bell Thompson understood and constructed her racial identity against the historical context of the connections between the American South and the Congo. Thompson's unique childhood on the Great...

  5. Characterisation of Fourteenth-Century Bell-Casting Pit in Old Town Hall Sibiu, Romania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agata Olariu; Petre Munteanu-Besliu

    1999-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we have made an analytical investigation by neutron activation analysis and X-ray fluorescence of a number of pieces found on the two hearths and the slag layer discovered at the Old Town Hall from Sibiu, Romania and some bells from the surrounding region of Sibiu. The elemental analyses suggest the fact that the hearths preserve traces of an activity of alloying of copper with tin for casting bells.

  6. Identification and prehistoric exploitation of chert from Fort Hood, Bell and Coryell counties, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickens, William Alan

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IDENTIFICATION AND PREHISTORIC EXPLOITATION OF CHERT FROM FORT HOOD, BELL AND CORYELL COUNTIES, TEXAS A Thesis by WILLIAM ALAN DICKENS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS May 1995 Major Subject: Anthropology IDENTIFICATION AND PREHISTORIC EXPLOITATION OF CHERT FROM FORT HOOD, BELL AND CORYELL COUNTIES, TEXAS A Thesis by WILLIAM ALAN DICKENS Submitted to Texas A&M University...

  7. EA-1855: Creston-Bell Rebuild Project, Spokane and Lincoln Counties, WA

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Draft Environmental Assessment DOE will prepare an EA to evaluate the potential environmental impacts from rebuilding the Creston-Bell No. 1 115-kV transmission line, including the replacement of wood poles and associated structural components and conductor and access road improvements. The 54-mile long, wood pole line extends from the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Creston substation to the BPA Bell substation near Spokane in Lincoln and Spokane Counties, Washington.

  8. A review of "A Chronology and Calendar of Documents Related to the London Book Trade" by D. F. McKenzie and Maureen Bell, eds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robertson, Randy

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    about the complexity of ecclesiastical polity. Those who continue to urge a portrait of the period as the seedbed of secular liberty will, like his contemporaries, find Goodwin a formidable obstacle and paradox. D. F. McKenzie and Maureen Bell, eds....00. Review by RANDY ROBERTSON, SUSQUEHANNA UNIVERSITY. The Chronology and Calendar is a staggering achievement. Some years ago, D. F. McKenzie began to collect references to the book trade that he discov- ered in the Calendar of State Papers, Domestic...

  9. Post-Selection Loophole-Free Bell Test over an Installed Optical Fiber Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carvacho, Gonzalo; Saavedra, Gabriel; Cuevas, Álvaro; Fuenzalida, Jorge; Toledo, Felipe; Figueroa, Miguel; Cabello, Adán; Larsson, Jan-Åke; Mataloni, Paolo; Lima, Gustavo; Xavier, Guilherme B

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Device-independent (DI) quantum communication will require a loophole-free violation of Bell inequalities. In typical scenarios where line-of-sight between the communicating parties is not available, it is convenient to use energy-time entangled photons due to intrinsic robustness while propagating over optical fibers. Here we show an energy-time Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt Bell inequality violation with two parties separated by 3.7 km over the deployed optical fiber network belonging to the University of Concepci\\'on in Chile. Remarkably, this violation is free of the post-selection loophole affecting all previous in-field long-distance energy-time experiments. Our work takes a further step towards a fiber-based loophole-free Bell test, which is highly desired for secure quantum communication due to the widespread existing telecommunication infrastructure.

  10. Post-Selection Loophole-Free Bell Test over an Installed Optical Fiber Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalo Carvacho; Jaime Cariñe; Gabriel Saavedra; Álvaro Cuevas; Jorge Fuenzalida; Felipe Toledo; Miguel Figueroa; Adán Cabello; Jan-Åke Larsson; Paolo Mataloni; Gustavo Lima; Guilherme B. Xavier

    2015-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Device-independent (DI) quantum communication will require a loophole-free violation of Bell inequalities. In typical scenarios where line-of-sight between the communicating parties is not available, it is convenient to use energy-time entangled photons due to intrinsic robustness while propagating over optical fibers. Here we show an energy-time Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt Bell inequality violation with two parties separated by 3.7 km over the deployed optical fiber network belonging to the University of Concepci\\'on in Chile. Remarkably, this violation is free of the post-selection loophole affecting all previous in-field long-distance energy-time experiments. Our work takes a further step towards a fiber-based loophole-free Bell test, which is highly desired for secure quantum communication due to the widespread existing telecommunication infrastructure.

  11. A study of the design criteria for drilled-and-belled footings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmann, Clark Thomas

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A STUDY OF THE DESIGN CRITERIA FOR DRILLED?AND-BELLED FOOTINGS A Thesis Clark Thomas Lehmann Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May, 1964... Major Subject: Civil Engineering A STUDY OF THE DESIGN CRITERIA FOR DRILLED-AND-BELLED FOOTINGS A Thesis By Clark Thomas Lehmann Approved as to style and content by: airman o ommittee Head ep tment Nay, 1964 4 0 0 N F 5 O ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...

  12. Result of MHI 2-Cell Seamless Dumb-Bell Cavity Vertical Test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okihira, K. [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd, Mihara, Hiroshima, 729-0393, Japan; Hara, H. [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd, Mihara, Hiroshima, 729-0393, Japan; Ikeda, N. [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd, Mihara, Hiroshima, 729-0393, Japan; Inoue, F. [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd, Mihara, Hiroshima, 729-0393, Japan; Sennyu, K. [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd, Mihara, Hiroshima, 729-0393, Japan; Geng, Rongli [JLAB; Rimmer, Robert A. [JLAB; Kako, E. [KEK

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MHI have supplied several 9-cell cavities for STF (R&D of ILC project at KEK) and have been considering production method for stable quality and cost reduction, seamless dumb-bell cavity was one of them. We had fabricated a 2 cell seamless dumb-bell cavity for cost reduction and measured RF performance in collaboration with JLab, KEK and MHI. Surface treatment recipe for ILC was applied for MHI 2-cell cavity and vertical test was performed at JLab. The cavity reached Eacc=32.4MV/m after BCP and EP. Details of the result are reported.

  13. Bell nonlocality, signal locality and unpredictability (or What Bohr could have told Einstein at Solvay had he known about Bell experiments)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric G. Cavalcanti; Howard M. Wiseman

    2012-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The 1964 theorem of John Bell shows that no model that reproduces the predictions of quantum mechanics can simultaneously satisfy the assumptions of locality and determinism. On the other hand, the assumptions of \\emph{signal locality} plus \\emph{predictability} are also sufficient to derive Bell inequalities. This simple theorem, previously noted but published only relatively recently by Masanes, Acin and Gisin, has fundamental implications not entirely appreciated. Firstly, nothing can be concluded about the ontological assumptions of locality or determinism independently of each other -- it is possible to reproduce quantum mechanics with deterministic models that violate locality as well as indeterministic models that satisfy locality. On the other hand, the operational assumption of signal locality is an empirically testable (and well-tested) consequence of relativity. Thus Bell inequality violations imply that we can trust that some events are fundamentally \\emph{unpredictable}, even if we cannot trust that they are indeterministic. This result grounds the quantum-mechanical prohibition of arbitrarily accurate predictions on the assumption of no superluminal signalling, regardless of any postulates of quantum mechanics. It also sheds a new light on an early stage of the historical debate between Einstein and Bohr.

  14. Multiple Semi-Revision in Possibilistic Logic Guilin Qi, Weiru Liu, David A. Bell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Weiru

    a set of inconsistent belief bases [2­5, 11, 13­15, 19, 23]. Fuhrmann in [11] considered a multiple semi-revisionMultiple Semi-Revision in Possibilistic Logic Guilin Qi, Weiru Liu, David A. Bell School. Semi-revision is a model of belief change that differs from revision in that a new formula

  15. Perspectives and Integration in SOLAS Science Veronique C. Garcon, Thomas G. Bell, Douglas Wallace,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fennel, Katja

    Perspectives and Integration in SOLAS Science 5 Ve´ronique C. Garc¸on, Thomas G. Bell, Douglas, and Franziska Ziska Abstract Why a chapter on Perspectives and Integration in SOLAS Science in this book? SOLAS the remarkable diversity of cross-cutting approaches and tools in the gigantic puzzle of the SOLAS realm. Here we

  16. Material Classification By Drilling Diana LaBelle, John Bares, Illah Nourbakhsh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nourbakhsh, Illah

    Material Classification By Drilling Diana LaBelle, John Bares, Illah Nourbakhsh Robotics Institute based on the physical parameters of a roof bolting drill. This paper presents our methodology, as well as early results based on drilling experiments conducted in the laboratory using a custom poured concrete

  17. Bringing Bell's theorem back to the domain of Particle Physics & Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beatrix C. Hiesmayr

    2015-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    John St. Bell was a physicist working most of his time at CERN and contributing intensively and sustainably to the development of Particle Physics and Collider Physics. As a hobby he worked on so-called "foundations of quantum theory", that was that time very unpopular, even considered to be scientifically taboo. His 1964-theorem, showing that predictions of local realistic theories are different to those of quantum theory, initiated a new field in quantum physics: quantum information theory. The violation of Bell's theorem, for instance, is a necessary and sufficient criterion for generating a secure key for cryptography at two distant locations. This contribution shows how Bell's theorem can be brought to the realm of high energy physics and presents the first conclusive experimental feasible test for weakly decaying neutral mesons on the market. Strong experimental and theoretical limitations make a Bell test in weakly decaying systems such as mesons and hyperons very challenging, however, these systems show an unexpected and puzzling relation to another big open question: why is our Universe dominated by matter, why did the antimatter slip off the map? This long outstanding problem becomes a new perspective via the very idea behind quantum information.

  18. HOMODYNING BELL'S INEQUALITY G. M. D'Ariano1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro

    experiment to test Bell's inequality that involve optical radiation the source emits a pair of correlated and BS denote `polarizing beam splitter' and `conventional beam splitter' respectively. Input radiation at radiofrequency are detected, yielding the value of the quadratures of the field modes a , b, a and b

  19. GNU Radio Group Final Research Report Thomas Bell Kevin Gajewski Anthony Hsu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Chansu

    GNU Radio Group Final Research Report Thomas Bell Kevin Gajewski Anthony Hsu Advisors: Yu-Dong Yao, the once only theoretical concept of Software-Defined Radio is now a practical reality. Using an open source software-defined radio package called GNU Radio and a basic radio hardware component called

  20. Stoneley waves and interface stability of Bell materials in compression; Comparison with rubber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michel Destrade

    2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Two semi-infinite bodies made of prestressed, homogeneous, Bell-constrained, hyperelastic materials are perfectly bonded along a plane interface. The half-spaces have been subjected to finite pure homogeneous predeformations, with distinct stretch ratios but common principal axes, and such that the interface is a common principal plane of strain. Constant loads are applied at infinity to maintain the deformations and the influence of these loads on the propagation of small-amplitude interface (Stoneley) waves is examined. In particular, the secular equation is found and necessary and sufficient conditions to be satisfied by the stretch ratios to ensure the existence of such waves are given. As the loads vary, the Stoneley wave speed varies accordingly: the upper bound is the `limiting speed' (given explicitly), beyond which the wave amplitude cannot decay away from the interface; the lower bound is zero, where the interface might become unstable. The treatment parallels the one followed for the incompressible case and the differences due to the Bell constraint are highlighted. Finally, the analysis is specialized to specific strain energy densities and to the case where the bimaterial is uniformly deformed (that is when the stretch ratios for the upper half-space are equal to those for the lower half-space.) Numerical results are given for `simple hyperelastic Bell' materials and for `Bell's empirical model' materials, and compared to the results for neo-Hookean incompressible materials.

  1. Zane W. Bell B.S. in Physics: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Dr. Bell has been engaged in nondestructive evaluation with ultrasound and filmless radiography, design and development of sensors for monitoring fissile material, design and development of nuclear at the Institute of Introscopy of the Tomsk Polytechnic University on the evaluation of a compact betatron

  2. Folia Geobotanica 38: 191200, 2003 INOCULATION OF RHODODENDRON CV. BELLE-HELLER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janouskova, Martina

    ) and P. fortinii strain F, a dark septate endophyte (DSE) previously isolated from naturally with DSE fungi on the growth of Rhododendron cv. Belle-Heller. Keywords: Dark septate endophytes, Pseudomycorrhiza, Ericoid mycorrhiza INTRODUCTION Dark septate endophytes (DSE) are conidial or sterile fungi

  3. PRODUCTIVITY GAINS IN U.S. FISHERIES . FREDERICK W. BELL AND RICHARD K. KINOSHITA I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PRODUCTIVITY GAINS IN U.S. FISHERIES . FREDERICK W. BELL AND RICHARD K. KINOSHITA I ABSTRACT Changes in productivity or annual landings per fisherman help to determine the economic welfare of the fishing industry. Although a study of productivity gains in various U.S. fishing fleets over the last 20

  4. AC 2008-740: COMPUTING ACROSS CURRICULA Amy Craig, North Carolina State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the Personal Computing Division of IBM. Lisa Bullard, North Carolina State University Lisa G. Bullard Carolina State University Carolyn S. Miller is a Lecturer in the Department of Computer Science at NC State University. She received her M.S. in Computer Science and worked as a Member of the Technical Staff at Bell

  5. Authigenic clay minerals in sandstones of the Delaware Mountain Group: Bell Canyon and Cherry Canyon Formations, Waha Field, West Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walling, Suzette Denise

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AUTHIGENIC CLAY MINERALS IN SANDSTONES OF THE DELAWARE MOUNTAIN GROUP: BELL CANYON AND CHERRY CANYON FORMATIONS, WAHA FIELD, WEST TEXAS A Thesis by SUZETTE DENISE WALLING Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Geology AUTHIGENIC CLAY MINERALS IN SANDSTONES OF THE DELAWARE MOUNTAIN GROUP: BELL CANYON AND CHERRY CANYON FORMATIONS, WAHA FIELD, WEST TEXAS...

  6. Why QBism is not the Copenhagen interpretation and what John Bell might have thought of it

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. David Mermin

    2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Christopher Fuchs and R\\"udiger Schack have developed a way of understanding science, which, among other things, resolves many of the conceptual puzzles of quantum mechanics that have vexed people for the past nine decades. They call it QBism. I speculate on how John Bell might have reacted to QBism, and I explain the many ways in which QBism differs importantly from the orthodox ways of thinking about quantum mechanics associated with the term "Copenhagen interpretation."

  7. Bell's inequality for a single spin 1/2 particle and quantum contextuality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sayandeb Basu; Somshubhro Bandyopadhyay; Guruprasad Kar; Dipankar Home

    2001-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We argue that for a \\emph{single particle} Bell's inequality is a consequence of noncontextuality and is \\emph{incompatible} with statistical predictions of quantum mechanics. Thus noncontextual models can be empirically falsified, \\emph{independent} of locality condition. For this an appropriate entanglement between \\emph{disjoint} Hilbert spaces pertaining to translational and spin degrees of freedom of a single spin-1/2 particle is invoked

  8. Moments of the Electron Energy Spectrum in B --> X_c l ?decays at Belle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belle Collaboration

    2005-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a measurement of the inclusive electron energy spectrum for charmed semileptonic decays of B mesons in a 140 fb^-1 data sample collected on the Upsilon(4S) resonance, with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric energy e^+ e^- collider. We determine the first, second and third moments of the electron energy spectrum for threshold values of the electron energy between 0.4 and 1.5 GeV.

  9. BELLE High Energy Physics Experiment at the KEK B-factory: Data and Physics Results for CPV, Rare, DKM, 5S, Charm, Tau, and New Particles

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Belle is a high-energy physics (HEP) experiment that began in 1999 at the KEK B-factory in Japan under the direction of the International Belle Collaboration. The Collaboration was formed around the common interest of clarifying a long standing physics puzzle, that of CP violation. The goal of the experiments was to make a definitive test of the Standard Models predictions for CP violations in the decays of B mesons. The original Belle experiment verified the KM theory, leading to a Nobel prize in 2008 for Kobayashi and Maskawa. Belle II Collaboration is now working on additional discoveries.

  10. Distinguishability of maximally entangled states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibasish Ghosh; Guruprasad Kar; Anirban Roy; Debasis Sarkar

    2003-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In $2 \\otimes 2$, more than 2 orthogonal Bell states with single copy can never be discriminated with certainty if only local operations and classical communication (LOCC) are allowed. More than $d$ orthogonal maximally entangled states in $d \\otimed d$, which are in cannonical form, used by Bennett et. al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 70 (1993) 1895] can never be discriminated with certainty when a single copy of the states is provided. Interestingly we show that all orthogonal maximally entangled states, which are in cannonical form, can be discriminated with certainty if and only if two copies of each of the states are provided. The highly nontrivial problem of local discrimination of $d$ or less no. of pairwise orthogonal maximally entangled states in $d \\otimes d$ (in single copy case), which are in cannonical form, is also discussed.

  11. Studies of Charmonium-Like States at BaBar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mokhtar, Arafat Gabareen; /SLAC

    2012-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Several charmonium-like states above D{bar D} threshold have been discovered at the Belle and BABAR B-factories. Some of these states are produced via Initial State Radiation (e.g. Y(4260) and Y(4350)), and some are observed in B-meson decays (e.g. X(3872), and Y(3940)). The Belle observations of the enhancements in the {Psi}(2S){pi}{sup -} and {chi}{sub cl}{pi}{sup -}, i.e. the Z(4430){sup -}, Z{sub 1}(4050){sup -}, and Z{sub 2}(4250){sup -}, have generated a great deal of interest, because such states must have minimum quark content (c{bar c}d{bar u}), i.e. these are four-quark states. The BABAR Collaboration does not confirm the existence of the Z(4430){sup -}.

  12. HOW TO CITE THIS DOCUMENT Citing the complete report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wittenberg, Andrew

    CREDITS: FRONT: Breezy Point, New York, November 14, 2012, in the wake of Hurricane Sandy. U.S. Navy photo STATES: GLOBAL CONTEXT AND MULTIMODEL TREND ANALYSIS THOMAS R. KNUTSON, FANRONG ZENG, AND ANDREW T

  13. Security proof for cryptographic protocols based only on the monogamy of Bell's inequality violations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcin Pawlowski

    2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that monogamy of Bell's inequality violations, which is strictly weaker condition than no-signaling is enough to prove security of quantum key distribution. We derive our results for a whole class of monogamy constraints and generalize our results to any theory that communicating parties may have access to. Some of these theories do not respect no-signaling principle yet still allow for secure communication. This proves that no-signaling is only a sufficient condition for the possibility of secure communication, but not the necessary one. We also present some new qualitative results concerning the security of existing quantum key distribution protocols.

  14. An Entangled Web of Crime: Bell's Theorem as a Short Story

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurt Jacobs; Howard Wiseman

    2005-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-locality of the type first elucidated by Bell in 1964 is a difficult concept to explain to non-specialists and undergraduates. Here we attempt this by showing how such non-locality can be used to solve a problem in which someone might find themselves as the result of a collection of normal, even if somewhat unlikely, events. Our story is told in the style of a Sherlock Holmes mystery, and is based on Mermin's formulation of the "paradoxical" illustration of quantum non-locality discovered by Greenberger, Horne and Zeilinger.

  15. Computing the maximum violation of a Bell inequality is NP-complete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Batle; C. H. Raymond Ooi

    2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The number of steps required in order to maximize a Bell inequality for arbitrary number of qubits is shown to grow exponentially with either the number of steps and the number of parties involved. The proof that the optimization of such correlation measure is a NP-problem is based on an operational perspective involving a Turing machine, which follows a general algorithm. The implications for the computability of the so called {\\it nonlocality} for any number of qubits is similar to recent results involving entanglement or similar quantum correlation-based measures.

  16. Probing leptogenesis with GeV-scale sterile neutrinos at LHCb and BELLE II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurent Canetti; Marco Drewes; Björn Garbrecht

    2015-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that existing laboratory experiments have the potential to unveil the origin of matter by probing leptogenesis in the type-I seesaw model with three right-handed neutrinos and Majorana masses in the GeV range. The baryon asymmetry is generated by CP-violating flavour oscillations during the production of the right-handed neutrinos. In contrast to the case with only two right-handed neutrinos, no degeneracy in the Majorana masses is required. The right-handed neutrinos can be found in meson decays at BELLE II and LHCb.

  17. Performance confirmation of the Belle II imaging Time Of Propogation (iTOP) prototype counter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwartz, Alan; Liu, Yang; Belhorn, Matt; /Cincinnati U.; Browder, Thomas; Varner, Gary; Andrew, Matt; Rosen, Marc; Barrett, Matthew; Nishimura, Kurtis; Anderson, Eric /Hawaii U.; Iijima, Toru; /Nagoya U. /PNL, Richland

    2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The Bell Detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e{sup +}e{sup -} collider performed extremely well, logging an integrated luminosity an order of magnitude higher than the design baseline. With this inverse attobarn of integrated luminosity, time-dependent CP-violation inn the 3rd generation beauty quarks was firmly established, and is now a precision measurement. Going beyond this to explore if the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism is the only contributor to quark-mixing, and to interrogate the flavor sector for non-standard model enhancements, requires a detector and accelerator capable of topping this world-record luminosity by more than an order of magnitude. The Belle II detector at the upgraded Super-KEKB accelerator has been designed to meet this highly ambitious goal of operating at a luminosity approaching 10{sup 36} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}. Such higher event rates and backgrounds require upgrade of essentially all detector subsystems, as well as their readout. Comparing the Belle composite (threshold Aerogel + Time of Flight) particle identification (PID) system with the DIRC employed by BaBar, quartz radiator internal Cherenkov photon detection proved to have higher kaon efficiency and lower pion fake rates. However, because the detector structure and CsI calorimeter will be retained, an improved barrel PID must fit within a very narrow envelope, as indicated in Figure 1. To effectively utilize this space, a more compact detector concept based on the same quartz radiators, but primarily using photon arrival time was proposed. This Time Of Propagation (TOP) counter was studied in a number of earlier prototype tests. Key to the necessary 10's of picosecond single-photon timing has been the development of the so-called SL-10 Micro-Channel Plate Photo-Multiplier Tube (MCP-PMT), which has demonstrated sub-40 ps single photon Transit Time Spread TTS. Further simulation study of this detector concept indicated that a focusing mirror in the forward direction, as well as a modest image expansion volume and more highly pixelated image plane improve the theoretical detector performance, since timing alone is limited by chromatic dispersion of the Cherenkov photons. This imaging-TOP (or iTOP) counter is the basis of Belle II barrel PID upgrade. However, a number of critical performance parameters must be demonstrated prior to releasing this prototype design for production manufacture.

  18. Combinatorial approach to generalized Bell and Stirling numbers and boson normal ordering problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M A Mendez; P Blasiak; K A Penson

    2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the numbers arising in the problem of normal ordering of expressions in canonical boson creation and annihilation operators. We treat a general form of a boson string which is shown to be associated with generalizations of Stirling and Bell numbers. The recurrence relations and closed-form expressions (Dobiski-type formulas) are obtained for these quantities by both algebraic and combinatorial methods. By extensive use of methods of combinatorial analysis we prove the equivalence of the aforementioned problem to the enumeration of special families of graphs. This link provides a combinatorial interpretation of the numbers arising in this normal ordering problem.

  19. Bell Island Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions IncBay County,SouthCityStrategy | OpenCounty,Bell

  20. Loss-tolerant hybrid measurement test of CHSH inequality with weakly amplified N00N states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falk Töppel; Magdalena Stobi?ska

    2015-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Although our understanding of Bell's theorem and experimental techniques to test it have improved over the last 40 years, thus far all Bell tests have suffered at least from the detection or the locality loophole. Most photonic Bell tests rely on inefficient discrete-outcome measurements, often provided by photon counting detection. One possible way to close the detection loophole in photonic Bell tests is to involve efficient continuous-variable measurements instead, such as homodyne detection. Here, we propose a test of the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) inequality that applies photon counting and homodyne detection on weakly amplified two-photon N00N states. The scheme suggested is remarkably robust against experimental imperfections and suits the limits of current technology. As amplified quantum states are considered, our work also contributes to the exploration of entangled macroscopic quantum systems. Further, it may constitute an alternative platform for a loophole-free Bell test, which is also important for quantum-technological applications.

  1. Generalized Smolin states and their properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Augusiak, Remigiusz; Horodecki, Pawel [Faculty of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk (Poland)

    2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Four-qubit bound entangled Smolin states are generalized with help of the Hilbert-Schmidt formalism to any even number of qubits. They are shown to maximally violate simple correlation Bell inequalities and, as such, to reduce communication complexity, although they do not admit quantum security. They are also shown to serve for remote quantum information concentration, as in the case of the original four-qubit states. It is proven that the latter effect allows us to unlock some entanglement measures and classical correlations. Also the possibility of quantum secret sharing by the considered state is pointed out.

  2. Quantum secret sharing using product states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hsu, L.-Y.; Li, C.-M. [Department of Physics, Chung Yuan Christian University, Chung-Li, 32023, Taiwan (China); Institute and Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30050, Taiwan (China)

    2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study proposes quantum secret sharing protocols using product states. The first two protocols adopt the quantum key distribution protocol using product states [Guo et al.Phys. Rev. A 64, 042301 (2001)]. In these two protocols, the sender does not reveal any information about the qutrits until confirming that each receiver has received a qutrit. This study also considers the security and some possible eavesdropping strategies. In the third proposed protocol, three-level Bell states are exploited for qutrit preparation via nonlocality swapping.

  3. Moments of the photon energy spectrum from $B\\to X_s ?$ decays measured by Belle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belle Collaboration

    2005-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We report preliminary measurements of the first (mean) and second moment (variance) of the inclusive photon energy spectrum in $B\\to X_s\\gamma$ decays, for threshold values of the photon energy in the range 1.8--2.3 GeV as measured in the rest frame of the $B$-meson. These results are obtained from the Belle measurement of the spectrum, which used a data set consisting of 152 million $B\\bar{B}$ pairs collected by the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy electron-positron collider operated on the $\\Upsilon(4S)$ resonance.

  4. Search for B^0-> p p-bar, Lambda Lambda-bar and B^+ -> p Lambda-bar at Belle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. -T. Tsai; P. Chang

    2007-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on a new search for two-body baryonic decays of the B meson. Improved sensitivity compared to previous Belle results is obtained from 414 fb^-1 of data that corresponds to 449 million B B-bar pairs, which were taken on the Upsilon(4S) resonance and collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB e^+e^- collider. No significant signals are observed and we set the 90% confidence level upper limits: Br(B^0-> p pbar) Lambda Lambda-bar) p Lambda-bar) < 3.2X10^-7.

  5. Controlled epitaxial growth of mesoporous silica/gold nanorod nanolollipops and nanodumb-bells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Ching-Mao [Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Nanomedicine, National Health Research Institutes, 35 Keyan Road, Zhunan Town, Miaoli 35053, Taiwan (China); Material and Chemical Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu 30011, Taiwan (China); Chung, Ming-Fang; Lo, Leu-Wei, E-mail: lwlo@nhri.org.tw [Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Nanomedicine, National Health Research Institutes, 35 Keyan Road, Zhunan Town, Miaoli 35053, Taiwan (China); Souris, Jeffrey S. [Department of Radiology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, we describe the controlled synthesis of novel heterogeneous nanostructures comprised of mesoporous silica-coated gold nanorods (MSGNRs) in the form of core–shell nanolollipops and nanodumb-bells, using a seed-mediated sol–gel method. Although MSGNR core–shell (?-MSGNR) structures have been reported previously by us and others, we herein discuss the first ever fabrication of MSGNR nanolollipops (?-MSGNR) and nanodumb-bells (?-MSGNR), achieved by simply controlling the aging time of gold nanorods (GNRs), the residual cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) coating of GNRs, and the addition of dimethyl formamide during incubation, centrifugation, and sonication, respectively. Transmission electron microscopy revealed two bare GNR isoforms, with aspect ratios of approximately 4 and 6, while scanning electron microscopy was used to further elucidate the morphology of ?-MSGNR and ?-MSGNR heterostructures. In agreement with the smaller dielectric constants afforded by incomplete silica encasement, spectroscopic studies of ?-MSGNR and ?-MSGNR, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) bands revealed 20-40 nm blue shifts relative to the SPR of ?-MSGNR. On the basis of the attributes and applications of more conventional ?-MSGNRs, ?-MSGNRs and ?-MSGNRs are anticipated to provide most of the utility of ?-MSGNRs, but with the additional functionalities that accompany their incorporation of both bare gold and mesoporous silica encased tips; with significant/unique implications for biomedical and catalytic applications.

  6. Teleportation of an atomic momentum state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qamar, S.; Zhu, S. Y.; Zubairy, M. Suhail.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    be extended in terms of the Bell basis uC6&5 1A2 ~ u1p0&u0&16u2p0&u1&1), ~4! uF6&5 1A2 ~ u1p0&u1&16u2p0&u0&1), ~5! and is given by the following: uC&5 12 @ uC1&~cau1&21cbu0&2)1uC2&~cau1&22cbu0&2) 1uF1&~cau0&21cbu1&2)1uF2&~cau0&22cbu1&2)]. ~6! The next...-NOT logic gates, the Bell states defined by Eqs. ~4! and ~5! evolve in the following way: uC6&? 1A2 ~ u0&16u1&1)u1p0&, ~10! and uF6&? 1A2 ~ u1&16u0&1)u2p0&. ~11! Now the Bell states are disentangled and the atoms can be detected in the two directions...

  7. Jimmy Bell

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Jimmy currently provides consulting services to Egan, Fitzpatrick, Malsch & Lawrence, PLLC, a legal firm involved in environmental issues. Previously, he worked as a chemist at Oak Ridge...

  8. Gregory Bell

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental AssessmentsGeoffrey(SC)Graphite ReactorGreg Scholes GregGregory

  9. Kelliher. Joseph' To: "Karen_Y._Knutson@ovp.eop.gov%internet

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Subject: renewablesalternative fuels aS5jbw.dat 35ASC571 12986 DOE016-3350 CharlesM.Smith@o To: Juleanna-R.Glover@ovp.eop.gov, Joseph.Kelliher@HQ.DOE.gov, vp.eop.gov...

  10. The lesson of causal discovery algorithms for quantum correlations: Causal explanations of Bell-inequality violations require fine-tuning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher J. Wood; Robert W. Spekkens

    2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    An active area of research in the fields of machine learning and statistics is the development of causal discovery algorithms, the purpose of which is to infer the causal relations that hold among a set of variables from the correlations that these exhibit. We apply some of these algorithms to the correlations that arise for entangled quantum systems. We show that they cannot distinguish correlations that satisfy Bell inequalities from correlations that violate Bell inequalities, and consequently that they cannot do justice to the challenges of explaining certain quantum correlations causally. Nonetheless, by adapting the conceptual tools of causal inference, we can show that any attempt to provide a causal explanation of nonsignalling correlations that violate a Bell inequality must contradict a core principle of these algorithms, namely, that an observed statistical independence between variables should not be explained by fine-tuning of the causal parameters. In particular, we demonstrate the need for such fine-tuning for most of the causal mechanisms that have been proposed to underlie Bell correlations, including superluminal causal influences, superdeterminism (that is, a denial of freedom of choice of settings), and retrocausal influences which do not introduce causal cycles.

  11. La Belle: rigging in the days of the spritsail topmast, a reconstruction of a seventeenth-century ship's rig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corder, Catharine Leigh Inbody

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    .......................................... 7 Shipbuilding Treatises and Nautical Dictionaries....................... 14 II ARTIFACT ANALYSIS......................................................................... 18 Wooden Artifacts...); exterior of shell with incomplete scoring (right). (C. Corder).............................................................. 25 Fig. 5. Artifact 11380 from La Belle, one of three fiddle blocks. (C. Corder)................. 26 Fig. 6. Artifact 3395 from...

  12. Liquid polymorphism, order-disorder transitions and anomalous a Monte Carlo study of the Bell-Lavis model for water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

    the lack of consensus concerning the origin of water-like anomalies, it is widely believed of the Bell-Lavis model for water Carlos E. Fiore Departamento de F´isica, Universidade Federal do Paran for liquid water is investigated through numerical simulations. The lattice- gas model on a triangular

  13. Simulation of Nitrogen Emissions in a Low Swirl Burner J. B. Bell, M. S. Day, X. Gao, M. J. Lijewski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bell, John B.

    Simulation of Nitrogen Emissions in a Low Swirl Burner J. B. Bell, M. S. Day, X. Gao, M. J nitrogen emissions. The simulation shows how the cellular burn- ing structures characteristic of lean premixed hydrogen combustion lead to enhancements in the NOx emissions from these flames. Analysis

  14. SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINES FOR SURVIVAL ANALYSIS Van Belle V., Pelckmans K., Suykens J.A.K., Van Huffel S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINES FOR SURVIVAL ANALYSIS Van Belle V., Pelckmans K., Suykens J.A.K., Van. Keywords: Survival analysis, concordance index, sup- port vector machines, kernel methods. INTRODUCTION are the integration of the framework in a context of statistical learning theory [4], convex optimization [7

  15. Survival SVM: a Practical Scalable Algorithm V. Van Belle, K. Pelckmans, J.A.K. Suykens and S. Van Huffel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Survival SVM: a Practical Scalable Algorithm V. Van Belle, K. Pelckmans, J.A.K. Suykens and S. Van in the theory of statisti- cal learning, integration of techniques from convex optimization, and nonlinear of the survival problem as a classification problem, dividing the time axis in a number of predefined intervals

  16. Bell-Plesset effects for an accelerating interface with contiguous density gradients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amendt, P

    2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A Plesset-type treatment [J. Appl. Phys. 25, 96 (1954)] is used to assess the effects of contiguous density gradients at an accelerating spherical classical interface on Rayleigh-Taylor and Bell-Plesset perturbation growth. Analytic expressions are obtained that describe enhanced Rayleigh-Taylor instability growth from contiguous density gradients aligned with the acceleration and which increase the effective Atwood number of the perturbed interface. A new pathway for geometric amplification of surface perturbations on an accelerating interface with contiguous density gradients is identified. A resonance condition between the density-gradient scalelength and the radius of the interface is also predicted based on a linearized analysis of Bernoulli's equation, potentially leading to enhanced perturbation growth. Comparison of the analytic treatment with detailed two-dimensional single-mode growth-factor simulations shows good agreement for low-mode numbers where the effects of spherical geometry are most manifested.

  17. Measurement of the inclusive semileptonic branching fraction B(B?s?X-l+?l) at Belle

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Oswald, C.; Urquijo, P.; Dingfelder, J.; Adachi, I.; Aihara, H.; Arinstein, K.; Asner, D. M.; Aushev, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Belous, K.; et al

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a measurement of the inclusive semileptonic B0s branching fraction in a 121 fb?¹ data sample collected near the ?(5S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric energy e?e? collider. Events containing B?(*)sB¯¯¯?(*)s pairs are selected by reconstructing a tag side D?s and identifying a signal side lepton l? (l=e, ?) that is required to have the same-sign charge to ensure that both originate from different B?s mesons. The B?s?X?l??l branching fraction is extracted from the ratio of the measured yields of D?s mesons and D?sl? pairs and the known production and branching fractions. The inclusive semileptonicmore »branching fraction is measured to be [10.6±0.5(stat)±0.7(syst)]%.« less

  18. The formation of an ore free blast furnace center by bell charging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Exter, P. den; Steeghs, A.G.S.; Godijn, R.; Chaigneau, R.; Timmer, R.M.C. [Hoogovens Research and Development, IJmuiden (Netherlands); Toxopeus, H.L.; Vliet, C. van der [Hoogovens Staal Primary Products, IJmuiden (Netherlands)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A research program has been started to clarify and support the central gas flow control philosophy of Hoogovens` bell-charged No. 7 blast furnace. Small scale burdening experiments and sampling of the stock surface during shut-downs suggest that a sufficiently high central gas flow is an important condition for maintenance of an ore free, highly permeable furnace center and that fluidization of coke plays a part in its formation. On the basis of these experiments a hypothesis was formulated regarding the formation of an ore free blast furnace center, but could not be confirmed satisfactorily. Forthcoming full-scale burdening experiments will provide a better insight in the burden distribution and its control.

  19. Measurement of the inclusive semileptonic branching fraction B(Bs0?X-?+??) at Belle

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Oswald, C.; Urquijo, P.; Dingfelder, J.; Adachi, I.; Aihara, H.; Arinstein, K.; Asner, D. M.; Aushev, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Belous, K.; Bhardwaj, V.; Bhuyan, B.; Bondar, A.; Bonvicini, G.; Bozek, A.; Bra?ko, M.; Browder, T. E.; Chang, P.; Chekelian, V.; Chen, A.; Chen, P.; Cheon, B. G.; Chilikin, K.; Chistov, R.; Cho, K.; Chobanova, V.; Choi, S.-K.; Choi, Y.; Cinabro, D.; Dalseno, J.; Doležal, Z.; Drásal, Z.; Drutskoy, A.; Dutta, D.; Eidelman, S.; Esen, S.; Farhat, H.; Fast, J. E.; Gaur, V.; Gabyshev, N.; Ganguly, S.; Gillard, R.; Goh, Y. M.; Golob, B.; Haba, J.; Hayasaka, K.; Hayashii, H.; Horii, Y.; Hoshi, Y.; Hou, W.-S.; Hyun, H. J.; Iijima, T.; Ishikawa, A.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Kah, D. H.; Kang, J. H.; Kato, E.; Kawasaki, T.; Kiesling, C.; Kim, H. J.; Kim, H. O.; Kim, J. B.; Kim, K. T.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, Y. J.; Kinoshita, K.; Klucar, J.; Ko, B. R.; Korpar, S.; Kouzes, R. T.; Križan, P.; Krokovny, P.; Kronenbitter, B.; Kuhr, T.; Kumita, T.; Kwon, Y.-J.; Lee, S.-H.; Li, J.; Li, Y.; Libby, J.; Liu, C.; Liu, Y.; Liu, Z. Q.; Liventsev, D.; Louvot, R.; Lutz, O.; Matvienko, D.; Miyabayashi, K.; Miyata, H.; Mizuk, R.; Mohanty, G. B.; Moll, A.; Muramatsu, N.; Nagasaka, Y.; Nakano, E.; Nakao, M.; Nedelkovska, E.; Nisar, N. K.; Nishida, S.; Nitoh, O.; Nozaki, T.; Ogawa, S.; Ohshima, T.; Okuno, S.; Olsen, S. L.; Ostrowicz, W.; Pakhlov, P.; Pakhlova, G.; Park, H.; Park, H. K.; Pedlar, T. K.; Pestotnik, R.; Petri?, M.; Piilonen, L. E.; Prim, M.; Prothmann, K.; Ritter, M.; Röhrken, M.; Rozanska, M.; Ryu, S.; Sahoo, H.; Saito, T.; Sakai, Y.; Sandilya, S.; Santelj, L.; Sanuki, T.; Sato, Y.; Schneider, O.; Schnell, G.; Schwanda, C.; Schwartz, A. J.; Senyo, K.; Seon, O.; Sevior, M. E.; Shapkin, M.; Shen, C. P.; Shibata, T.-A.; Shiu, J.-G.; Shwartz, B.; Sibidanov, A.; Simon, F.; Smerkol, P.; Sohn, Y.-S.; Sokolov, A.; Solovieva, E.; Stari?, M.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Tatishvili, G.; Teramoto, Y.; Trabelsi, K.; Tsuboyama, T.; Uchida, M.; Uehara, S.; Uglov, T.; Unno, Y.; Uno, S.; Van Hulse, C.; Vanhoefer, P.; Varner, G.; Varvell, K. E.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, M.-Z.; Wang, P.; Watanabe, M.; Watanabe, Y.; Williams, K. M.; Won, E.; Yamamoto, H.; Yamashita, Y.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhilich, V.; Zupanc, A.

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a measurement of the inclusive semileptonic B0s branching fraction in a 121 fb?¹ data sample collected near the ?(5S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric energy e?e? collider. Events containing B?(*)sB¯¯¯?(*)s pairs are selected by reconstructing a tag side D?s and identifying a signal side lepton ?? (?=e, ?) that is required to have the same-sign charge to ensure that both originate from different B?s mesons. The B?s?X????? branching fraction is extracted from the ratio of the measured yields of D?s mesons and D?s?? pairs and the known production and branching fractions. The inclusive semileptonic branching fraction is measured to be [10.6±0.5(stat)±0.7(syst)]%.

  20. Residual-oil-saturation-technology test, Bell Creek Field, Montana. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A field test was conducted of the technology available to measure residual oil saturation following waterflood secondary oil recovery processes. The test was conducted in a new well drilled solely for that purpose, located immediately northwest of the Bell Creek Micellar Polymer Pilot. The area where the test was conducted was originally drilled during 1968, produced by primary until late 1970, and was under line drive waterflood secondary recovery until early 1976, when the area was shut in at waterflood depletion. This report presents the results of tests conducted to determine waterflood residual oil saturation in the Muddy Sandstone reservoir. The engineering techniques used to determine the magnitude and distribution of the remaining oil saturation included both pressure and sidewall cores, conventional well logs (Dual Laterolog - Micro Spherically Focused Log, Dual Induction Log - Spherically Focused Log, Borehole Compensated Sonic Log, Formation Compensated Density-Compensated Neutron Log), Carbon-Oxygen Logs, Dielectric Logs, Nuclear Magnetism Log, Thermal Decay Time Logs, and a Partitioning Tracer Test.

  1. It Takes More Than a Cow Bell to Lead a Team

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sickles, L.D.

    1999-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Leading an audit team goes beyond performance of the duties outlined in any requirement or training course. Anyone can memorize the steps to begin and to complete an audit, but it takes leadership to capitalize on the strengths of each team member and to interact with the auditee. Leadership has been written about and studied for many years. Principles and ideas developed by Covey, Senge, Peters, Blanchard, Hersey, Drucker, Yuki and many, many more but they all come down to some basic issues. There is no magic formula. There are theories and models that when applied work in one situation. Some theories and methodologies work better than others depending on the situation. The presentation today looks at leadership from the perspective of the lead auditor, as he/she has to guide the audit process and deal with many personalities from the audit team to the people being interviewed, Each situation is different, each audit team is different, each audit is unique. The basic principles are applied but it takes understanding leadership to have a successful audit. Applying the Situational Leadership model will enable you to be a good and effective leader and capitalize on the strengths of each team member. It is an invaluable asset to add to your communication toolbox. So let's put our bells on the shelf and put on our learning caps.

  2. Review of an internship with Ouray District United States Forest Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caddy, Mark W

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the Uncompahgre National Forest Z. Record of Vegetative Development 3. Record of Utilization by Height-Weight Method Percent of Height Grazed Computation Table Height-Weight Table APPENDIX H. Aspen Management Guidelines. APPENDIX C. Results of CDOW Survey...-winter range (Map 3). Wildlife work was not limited to revegetation and water improvements. The Forest Service also conducts habitat manipulation in the form of aspen (~Po ulus tzemuloides) management, burning, and Knutson-Vandenbuzg (K-V) work. The percent...

  3. Device-independent quantum key distribution with generalized two-mode Schrödinger cat states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curtis J. Broadbent; Kevin Marshall; Christian Weedbrook; John C. Howell

    2015-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We show how weak non-linearities can be used in a device-independent quantum key distribution (QKD) protocol using generalized two-mode Schr\\"odinger cat states. The QKD protocol is therefore shown to be secure against collective attacks and for some coherent attacks. We derive analytical formulas for the optimal values of the Bell parameter, the quantum bit error rate, and the device- independent secret key rate in the noiseless lossy bosonic channel. Additionally, we give the filters and measurements which achieve these optimal values. We find that over any distance in this channel the quantum bit error rate is identically zero, in principle, and the states in the protocol are always able to violate a Bell inequality. The protocol is found to be superior in some regimes to a device-independent QKD protocol based on polarization entangled states in a depolarizing channel. Finally, we propose an implementation for the optimal filters and measurements.

  4. $D^0$-$\\bar{D}^0$ mixing and CP violation results from Belle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. K. Nisar

    2014-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the results on $D^0$-$\\bar{D}^0$ mixing in the decays of $D^0\\to K^+\\pi^-$ and $D^0\\to K_S^0\\pi^+\\pi^-$, and CP violation in $D^0\\to\\pi^0\\pi^0$ using a data sample with an integrated luminosity of about 1~ab$^{-1}$ recorded with the Belle detector, at different center of mass energies. The mixing is observed in $D^0\\to K^+\\pi^-$ with the mixing parameters $x'^2=(0.09\\pm 0.22)\\times 10^{-3}$, $y'=(4.6\\pm 3.4)\\times 10^{-3}$ and the ratio of doubly Cabibbo-suppressed to Cabibbo-favored decay rates $R_{D}=(3.53\\pm0.13)\\times 10^{-3}$, where the quoted uncertainties combine both statistical and systematic contributions. For the $D^0\\to K_S^0\\pi^+\\pi^-$ decay, assuming CP conservation we measure mixing parameters $x=(0.56\\pm 0.19^{+0.03+0.06}_{-0.09-0.09})\\%$ and $y=(0.30\\pm 0.15^{+0.04+0.03}_{-0.05-0.06})\\%$, where the uncertainties are statistical, experimental systematics, and that due to amplitude model. We measure the mixing parameters allowing CP violation for this decay mode, and obtain $|q/p|=0.90^{+0.16+0.05+0.06}_{-0.15-0.04-0.05}$ and arg($q/p$)=$(-6\\pm 11 \\pm3^{+3}_{-4})^{\\circ}$ that are consistent with no CP violation. The time-integrated CP asymmetry in the decay $D^0\\to\\pi^0\\pi^0$ is measured to be, $[-0.03\\pm 0.64(stat) \\pm 0.10(syst)]\\%$, consistent with CP conservation. We also present an updated measurement of CP asymmetry in $D^0\\to K_S^0\\pi^0$.

  5. Origin State Destination State

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    5. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data Origin State Destination State 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2001-2009 2008-2009 Alabama...

  6. Origin State Destination State

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    6. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data Origin State Destination State 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2001-2009 2008-2009 Alabama...

  7. Recent progress in the development of large area silica aerogel for use as RICH radiator in the Belle II experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tabata, Makoto; Kawai, Hideyuki; Nishida, Shohei; Sumiyoshi, Takayuki

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report recent progress in the development of large-area hydrophobic silica aerogels for use as radiators in the aerogel-based ring-imaging Cherenkov (A-RICH) counter to be installed in the forward end cap of the Belle II detector, which is currently being upgraded at the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Japan. The production of approximately 450 aerogel tiles with refractive indices of either 1.045 or 1.055 was completed in May, 2014, and the tiles are now undergoing optical characterization. Installation of the aerogels was tested by installing them into a partial mock-up of the support structure.

  8. Recent progress in the development of large area silica aerogel for use as RICH radiator in the Belle II experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makoto Tabata; Ichiro Adachi; Hideyuki Kawai; Shohei Nishida; Takayuki Sumiyoshi

    2014-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We report recent progress in the development of large-area hydrophobic silica aerogels for use as radiators in the aerogel-based ring-imaging Cherenkov (A-RICH) counter to be installed in the forward end cap of the Belle II detector, which is currently being upgraded at the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Japan. The production of approximately 450 aerogel tiles with refractive indices of either 1.045 or 1.055 was completed in May, 2014, and the tiles are now undergoing optical characterization. Installation of the aerogels was tested by installing them into a partial mock-up of the support structure.

  9. A special simplex in the state space for entangled qudits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernhard Baumgartner; Beatrix Hiesmayr; Heide Narnhofer

    2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Focus is on two parties with Hilbert spaces of dimension d, i.e. "qudits". In the state space of these two possibly entangled qudits an analogue to the well known tetrahedron with the four qubit Bell states at the vertices is presented. The simplex analogue to this magic tetrahedron includes mixed states. Each of these states appears to each of the two parties as the maximally mixed state. Some studies on these states are performed, and special elements of this set are identified. A large number of them is included in the chosen simplex which fits exactly into conditions needed for teleportation and other applications. Its rich symmetry - related to that of a classical phase space - helps to study entanglement, to construct witnesses and perform partial transpositions. This simplex has been explored in details for d=3. In this paper the mathematical background and extensions to arbitrary dimensions are analysed.

  10. Reverse quantum state engineering using electronic feedback loops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerold Kiesslich; Clive Emary; Gernot Schaller; Tobias Brandes

    2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose an all-electronic technique to manipulate and control interacting quantum systems by unitary single-jump feedback conditioned on the outcome of a capacitively coupled electrometer and in particular a single-electron transistor. We provide a general scheme to stabilize pure states in the quantum system and employ an effective Hamiltonian method for the quantum master equation to elaborate on the nature of stabilizable states and the conditions under which state purification can be achieved. The state engineering within the quantum feedback scheme is shown to be linked with the solution of an inverse eigenvalue problem. Two applications of the feedback scheme are presented in detail: (i) stabilization of delocalized pure states in a single charge qubit and (ii) entanglement stabilization in two coupled charge qubits. In the latter example we demonstrate the stabilization of a maximally entangled Bell state for certain detector positions and local feedback operations.

  11. Charged bottomonium-like states $Z_b(10610)$ and $Z_b(10650)$ and the $?(5S)\\to ?(2S)?^+?^-$ decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dian-Yong Chen; Xiang Liu; Shi-Lin Zhu

    2011-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Inspired by the newly observed two charged bottomonium-like states, we consider the possible contribution from the intermediate $Z_b(10610)$ and $Z_b(10650)$ states to the $\\Upsilon(5S)\\to \\Upsilon(2S)\\pi^+\\pi^-$ decay process, which naturally explains Belle's previous observation of the anomalous $\\Upsilon(2S)\\pi^+\\pi^-$ production near the peak of $\\Upsilon(5S)$ at $\\sqrt s=10.87$ GeV [K.F. Chen {\\it et al}. (Belle Collaboration), Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 100}, 112001 (2008)]. The resulting $d\\Gamma(\\Upsilon(5S)\\to \\Upsilon(2S)\\pi^+\\pi^-)/dm_{\\pi^+\\pi^-}$ and $d\\Gamma(\\Upsilon(5S)\\to \\Upsilon(2S)\\pi^+\\pi^-)/d\\cos\\theta$ distributions agree with Belle's measurement after inclusion of these $Z_b$ states. This formalism also reproduces the Belle observation of the double-peak structure and its reflection in $\\Upsilon(2S)\\pi^+$ invariant mass spectrum of $\\Upsilon(5S)\\to \\Upsilon(2S)\\pi^+\\pi^-$ decay.

  12. Unified criterion for security of secret sharing in terms of violation of Bell inequalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sen, Aditi; Sen, Ujjwal; Zukowski, Marek [Instytut Fizyki Teoretycznej i Astrofizyki, Uniwersytet Gdanski, PL-80-952 Gdansk (Poland)

    2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In secret sharing protocols, a secret is to be distributed among several partners such that leaving out any number of them, the rest do not have the complete information. Strong multiqubit correlations in the state by which secret sharing is carried out had been proposed as a criterion for security of such protocols against individual attacks by an eavesdropper. However we show that states with weak multiqubit correlations can also be used for secure secret sharing. That our state has weak multiqubit correlations is shown from the perspective of violation of local realism, and also by showing that its higher-order correlations are described by lower ones. We then present a unified criterion for security of secret sharing in terms of violation of local realism, which works when the secret sharing state is the Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger state (with strong multiqubit correlations), as well as states of a different class (with weak multiqubit correlations)

  13. The present and future status of the rental economy for consumer products in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jessee, William Taze

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~ January Q, 196'. 13 oonstruction firas, and business establishasnts rely on ?quipaent leasing quite heavily. International Business Maohinef Inc g leases out to industry a large portion of their conputers and offioe nachines, rather than sells. Snail.... Other spec1alists rely on such iteus as sLink fur pieoes, wigs, paintings and Jewelry. Rsnufacturers have entered the business of renting. Rs has already been stated, Bell Telephone and International Susiness Machines have always leased...

  14. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report FangZhou Lai, HyunWoo Lee, Norvin Ng, Shaun Bell, Shiva Madadkhani

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and the ammonia test. Silver nitrate was added in the waste samples to check for the formation of solid be recycled while halogenated needs to be incinerated, and due to higher treatment cost for halogenated waste, Norvin Ng, Shaun Bell, Shiva Madadkhani Halogenated Organic Waste Identification: Qualitative Method CHBE

  15. Proposal for a Loophole-Free Test of the Bell Inequalities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fry, Edward; Walther, T.; LI, S. F.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rotational state of the mercury dimers, and are not 1050-2947/95/52(6)/4381(15)/$06. 00 52 4381 1995 The American Physical Society 524382 AND SHIFANGTHOMMAS WALTHER,EDWARD S. FRY, r DissociatingDimer m Ionizing Laser . 1973nm l~)= X (-l '-" l 2 ( 0) 0... forbidden, it is the change in the symme- try behavior between the rotational levels in the two elec- tronic states that allows transitions between these electronic states of the ' Hg2 dimer. v = g[hv& ?hv2 ?D, +B,J(J+ I)]lm, (20) where D, =Do...

  16. B Decay and CP Violation: CKM Angles and Sides at the BABAR and BELLE B-Factories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Verderi, Marc; /Ecole Polytechnique

    2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A remarkable success has been achieved by the B-Factories, going beyond expectation in some field, like the measurement of {gamma}. BABAR has now finished its data taking, leaving BELLE alone in the 'race', but still many analyses are going on. The CKM UT is constrained by both measurements of CP-conserving and CP-violating quantities, leading to a picture of the CKM sector consistent with the SM. Measurements of semi-leptonic decays benefit from improving experimental techniques and more precise theoretical computations. The angle {beta} is a precision measurement, reaching accuracy of SM calculation. The angle {alpha} will ultimatly be limited by penguin pollution. The measurement of {gamma} is reaching the 13{sup o} precision.

  17. Broadband superluminescent diodes with bell-shaped spectra emitting in the range from 800 to 900 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andreeva, E V; Il'ichenko, S N; Kostin, Yu O; Lapin, P I [Superlum Diodes Ltd., Moscow (Russian Federation); Ladugin, M A; Marmalyuk, A A [Open Joint-Stock Company 'M.F. Stel'makh Polyus Research and Development Institute', Moscow (Russian Federation); Yakubovich, S D [Moscow State Institute of Radio-Engineering, Electronics and Automation (Technical University), Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum-well superluminescent diodes (SLD) with extremely thin active (AlGa)As and (InGa)As layers and centre wavelengths about 810, 840, 860 and 880 nm are experimentally studied. Their emission spectrum possesses the shape close to Gaussian, its FWHM being 30 – 60 nm depending on the length of the active channel and the level of pumping. Under cw injection, the output power of light-emitting modules based on such SLDs can amount to 1.0 – 25 mW at the output of a single-mode fibre. It is demonstrated that the operation lifetime of these devices exceeds 30000 hours. Based on the light-emitting modules the prototypes of combined BroadLighter series light sources are implemented having a bell-shaped spectrum with the width up to 100 nm. (optical radiation sources)

  18. Proposal for a Loophole-Free Test of the Bell Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fry, Edward; Walther, T.; LI, S. F.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by detection of the atoms using a spin state selective two-photon excitation-ionization scheme. The experiment will not only close the detector efficiency loophole, but in addition will permit enforcement of the locality condition....

  19. Modeling La Belle: Reconstruction of a seventeenth-century light frigate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grieco, Glenn P.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    manuscript. A third source of information consists of contemporary treatises. Few treatises on seventeenth-century French shipbuilding exist, possibly because many techniques were considered state-of-the-art trade secrets at the time. In addition, most...

  20. Two Copies of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen State of Light Lead to Refutation of EPR Ideas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krzysztof Roso?ek; Magdalena Stobi?ska; Marcin Wie?niak; Marek ?ukowski

    2015-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Bell's theorem applies to the normalizable approximations of the original Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) state. The constructions of the proof require measurements difficult to perform, and dichotomic observables. By noticing the fact that the four mode squeezed vacuum state produced in type II down-conversion can be seen both as two copies of approximate EPR states, and also as a kind of polarization supersinglet, we show a straightforward way to test violations of the EPR concepts with direct use of their state. The observables involved are simply photon numbers at outputs of polarizing beam splitters. Suitable chained Bell inequalities are based on the geometric concept of distance. For a few settings they are potentially a new tool for quantum information applications, involving observables of a nondichotomic nature, and thus of higher informational capacity. In the limit of infinitely many settings we get a Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger-type contradiction: EPR reasoning points to a correlation, while quantum prediction is an anticorrelation. Violations of the inequalities are fully resistant to multipair emissions in Bell experiments using parametric down-conversion sources.

  1. Short Scale Turbulent Fluctuations Driven by Electron Temperature Gradient in NSTX E. Mazzucato,1,* D. R. Smith,1 R. E. Bell,1 S. M. Kaye,1 J. C. Hosea,1 B. P. LeBlanc,1 J. R. Wilson,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazzucato, Ernesto

    . Mazzucato,1,* D. R. Smith,1 R. E. Bell,1 S. M. Kaye,1 J. C. Hosea,1 B. P. LeBlanc,1 J. R. Wilson,1 P. M

  2. Assessment of advanced coal-gasification processes. [AVCO high throughput gasification in process; Bell High Mass Flux process; CS-R process; and Exxon Gasification process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCarthy, J.; Ferrall, J.; Charng, T.; Houseman, J.

    1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report represents a technical assessment of the following advanced coal gasification processes: AVCO High Throughput Gasification (HTG) Process, Bell Single - Stage High Mass Flux (HMF) Process, Cities Service/Rockwell (CS/R) Hydrogasification Process, and the Exxon Catalytic Coal Gasification (CCG) Process. Each process is evaluated for its potential to produce SNG from a bituminous coal. In addition to identifying the new technology these processes represent, key similarities/differences, strengths/weaknesses, and potential improvements to each process are identified. The AVCO HTG and the Bell HMF gasifiers share similarities with respect to: short residence time (SRT), high throughput rate, slagging and syngas as the initial raw product gas. The CS/R Hydrogasifier is also SRT but is non-slagging and produces a raw gas high in methane content. The Exxon CCG gasifier is a long residence time, catalytic fluidbed reactor producing all of the raw product methane in the gasifier.

  3. A review of "Art History in the Age of Bellori: Scholarship and Cultural Politics in Seventeenth-Century Rome" by Janis Bell and Thomas Willette, eds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael J. Redmond

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    antiquarian, legitimated by the preferment of Queen Christina of Sweden and Popes Clement X and Alexander VIII. It is telling that, as Janis Bell suggests in her extensive introduction, Bellori had a constant ?concern for quality and standards? (3... opportunity ?to monopolize the antiquities market? (75). When he gained the patronage of Queen Christina of Sweden, as Tomaso Montanari points out, Bellori?s continuing advancement further enhanced the standing of his publications. Indeed, by writing works...

  4. Silica aerogel radiator for use in the A-RICH system utilized in the Belle II experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tabata, Makoto; Hamada, Nao; Hara, Koji; Iijima, Toru; Iwata, Shuichi; Kakuno, Hidekazu; Kawai, Hideyuki; Korpar, Samo; Križan, Peter; Kumita, Tetsuro; Nishida, Shohei; Ogawa, Satoru; Pestotnik, Rok; Šantelj, Luka; Seljak, Andrej; Sumiyoshi, Takayuki; Tahirovi?, Elvedin; Yoshida, Keisuke; Yusa, Yosuke

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents recent progress in the development and mass production of large-area hydrophobic silica aerogels for use as radiators in the aerogel-based ring-imaging Cherenkov (A-RICH) counter, which will be installed in the forward end cap of the Belle II detector. The proximity-focusing A-RICH system is especially designed to identify charged kaons and pions. The refractive index of the installed aerogel Cherenkov radiators is approximately 1.05, and we aim for a separation capability exceeding 4$\\sigma $ at momenta up to 4 GeV/$c$. Large-area aerogel tiles (over 18 $\\times $ 18 $\\times $ 2 cm$^3$) were first fabricated in test productions by pin drying in addition to conventional methods. We proposed to fill the large end-cap region (area 3.5 m$^2$) with 124 water-jet-trimmed fan-shaped dual-layer-focusing aerogel combinations of different refractive indices (1.045 and 1.055). Guided by the test production results, we decided to manufacture aerogels by the conventional method and are currently procee...

  5. Silica aerogel radiator for use in the A-RICH system utilized in the Belle II experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makoto Tabata; Ichiro Adachi; Nao Hamada; Koji Hara; Toru Iijima; Shuichi Iwata; Hidekazu Kakuno; Hideyuki Kawai; Samo Korpar; Peter Križan; Tetsuro Kumita; Shohei Nishida; Satoru Ogawa; Rok Pestotnik; Luka Šantelj; Andrej Seljak; Takayuki Sumiyoshi; Elvedin Tahirovi?; Keisuke Yoshida; Yosuke Yusa

    2014-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents recent progress in the development and mass production of large-area hydrophobic silica aerogels for use as radiators in the aerogel-based ring-imaging Cherenkov (A-RICH) counter, which will be installed in the forward end cap of the Belle II detector. The proximity-focusing A-RICH system is especially designed to identify charged kaons and pions. The refractive index of the installed aerogel Cherenkov radiators is approximately 1.05, and we aim for a separation capability exceeding 4$\\sigma $ at momenta up to 4 GeV/$c$. Large-area aerogel tiles (over 18 $\\times $ 18 $\\times $ 2 cm$^3$) were first fabricated in test productions by pin drying in addition to conventional methods. We proposed to fill the large end-cap region (area 3.5 m$^2$) with 124 water-jet-trimmed fan-shaped dual-layer-focusing aerogel combinations of different refractive indices (1.045 and 1.055). Guided by the test production results, we decided to manufacture aerogels by the conventional method and are currently proceeding with mass production. In an electron beam test undertaken at the DESY, we confirmed that the $K$/$\\pi $ separation capability of a prototype A-RICH counter exceeded 4$\\sigma $ at 4 GeV/$c$.

  6. Unconditional quantum teleportation between distant solid-state qubits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfgang Pfaff; Bas Hensen; Hannes Bernien; Suzanne B. van Dam; Machiel S. Blok; Tim H. Taminiau; Marijn J. Tiggelman; Raymond N. Schouten; Matthew Markham; Daniel J. Twitchen; Ronald Hanson

    2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Realizing robust quantum information transfer between long-lived qubit registers is a key challenge for quantum information science and technology. Here we demonstrate unconditional teleportation of arbitrary quantum states between diamond spin qubits separated by 3 meters. We prepare the teleporter through photon-mediated heralded entanglement between two distant electron spins and subsequently encode the source qubit in a single nuclear spin. By realizing a fully deterministic Bell-state measurement combined with real-time feed-forward we achieve teleportation in each attempt while obtaining an average state fidelity exceeding the classical limit. These results establish diamond spin qubits as a prime candidate for the realization of quantum networks for quantum communication and network-based quantum computing.

  7. Resolving the puzzling decay patterns of charged $Z_c$ and $Z_b$ states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao-Hai Liu; Li Ma; Li-Ping Sun; Xiang Liu; Shi-Lin Zhu

    2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the ratio of the branching fractions of the molecular candidates decaying into the ground and radially excited states within the quark interchange model. Our numerical results suggest that these molecular candidates are more likely to decay into the radially excited states than into ground states. Especially, the ratio $\\Gamma[Z_c(4430)\\to \\pi\\psi(2S)]$/$\\Gamma[Z_c(4430)\\to \\pi J/\\psi]\\sim 9.8$ is close to the experimental measurement, which supports the interpretation of $Z_c(4430)$ as the $\\bar{D}D^*(2S)$ molecular state. The ratios of the branching fractions of $Z_b(10610)$ and $Z_b(10650)$ to $\\pi\\Upsilon(2S, 3S)$ and $\\pi\\Upsilon(1S)$ agrees very well with Belle's measurement. We also predict the similar ratios for $Z_c(3900)$, $Z_c(4020)$, $R_{Z_c(3900)}$$\\approx$1.3 and $R_{Z_c(4020)}$$\\approx$$4.7$. Hopefully the $\\pi\\psi(2S)$ mode, and ratios $R_{Z_c(3900)}$ and $R_{Z_c(4020)}$ will be measured by the BESIII and Belle collaborations in the near future, which shall be very helpful to understand the underlying dynamics of these exotic states.

  8. On the last mile : the effects of telecommunications regulation and deregulation in the rural western United States and Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozak, Nadine Irène

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    agreement was that Bell had to connect all independents to its network that requested interconnection.

  9. Optimal Fusion Transformations for Linear Optical Cluster State Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. B. Uskov; P. Lougovski; P. M. Alsing; M. L. Fanto; L. Kaplan; A. M. Smith

    2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the generation of linear optical cluster states (LOCS) via addition of one and two qubits. Existing approaches employ the stochastic linear optical two-qubit CZ gate with success rate of 1/9 per fusion operation. The question of optimality of the CZ gate with respect to LOCS generation remains open. We report that there are alternative schemes to the CZ gate that are exponentially more efficient and show that sequential LOCS growth is globally optimal. We find that the optimal cluster growth operation is a state transformation on a subspace of the full Hilbert space. We show that the maximal success rate of fusing n photonic qubits or m Bell pairs is 1/2^n-1 and 1/4^m-1 respectively and give an explicit optical design.

  10. A simplex of bound entangled multipartite qubit states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. C. Hiesmayr; F. Hipp; M. Huber; Ph. Krammer; Ch. Spengler

    2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a simplex for multipartite qubit states of even number n of qubits, which has the same geometry concerning separability, mixedness, kind of entanglement, amount of entanglement and nonlocality as the bipartite qubit states. We derive the entanglement of the class of states which can be described by only three real parameters with the help of a multipartite measure for all discrete systems. We prove that the bounds on this measure are optimal for the whole class of states and that it reveals that the states possess only n-partite entanglement and not e.g. bipartite entanglement. We then show that this n-partite entanglement can be increased by stochastic local operations and classical communication to the purest maximal entangled states. However, pure n-partite entanglement cannot be distilled, consequently all entangled states in the simplex are n-partite bound entangled. We study also Bell inequalities and find the same geometry as for bipartite qubits. Moreover, we show how the (hidden) nonlocality for all n-partite bound entangled states can be revealed.

  11. Albritton Bell Tower - 39 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of nitric oxide (NO) with ammonia over vanadia-based (V2O5-WO3/TiO2) and pillared interlayer clay-based (V2O5/Ti-PILC) monolithic honeycomb catalysts using a laboratory laminar-flow reactor was investigated...

  12. United States

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    - I United States Department of Energy D lSCk Al M E R "This book was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United...

  13. Molecular states with hidden charm and strange in QCD Sum Rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cong-Feng Qiao; Liang Tang

    2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This work uses the QCD Sum Rules to study the masses of the $D_s \\bar{D}_s^*$ and $D_s^* \\bar{D}_s^*$ molecular states with quantum numbers $J^{PC} = 1^{+-}$. Interpolating currents with definite C-parity are employed, and the contributions up to dimension eight in the Operator Product Expansion (OPE) are taken into account. The results indicate that two hidden strange charmonium-like states may exist in the energy ranges of $3.83 \\sim 4.13 $ GeV and $4.22 \\sim 4.54 $ GeV, respectively. The hidden strange charmonium-like states predicted in this work may be accessible in future experiments, e.g. BESIII, BelleII and SuperB. Possible decay modes, which may be useful in further research, are predicted.

  14. NSTX S.A.Sabbagh IEA Workshop 59 02/15/05 S. A. Sabbagh1, A.C. Sontag1, R. E. Bell2, J. Bialek1, A. Garofalo1, D.A. Gates2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    NSTX S.A.Sabbagh ­ IEA Workshop 59 ­ 02/15/05 S. A. Sabbagh1, A.C. Sontag1, R. E. Bell2, J. Bialek1 IPP, Garching U Quebec IEA Workshop 59: Shape and Aspect Ratio Optimization for High Beta, Steady of Sciences, Hefei, China #12;NSTX S.A.Sabbagh ­ IEA Workshop 59 ­ 02/15/05 Physics study of global MHD mode

  15. Bell tests with photon-entanglement: LHV models and critical efficiencies at the light of Wigner-PDC optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the Wigner-PDC picture of photon entanglement, detection "errors" are not independent (though they may look, on average), nor can they be controlled by means of a technological improvement on the detectors. Those two elements make possible the interpretation of experimental evidence without the need to exclude local realism: for that reason, we propose the abandonment of the usual (photon, particle-based) description of (PDC-generated) light states, in favour of an also quantum, but field-theoretical description (QED), a description that finds a one-to-one equivalent in the Wigner-PDC approach we have advocated in recent posts.

  16. Bell tests with photon-entanglement: LHV models and critical efficiencies at the light of Wigner-PDC optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Rodriguez

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the Wigner-PDC picture of photon entanglement, detection "errors" are not independent (though they may look, on average), nor can they be controlled by means of a technological improvement on the detectors. Those two elements make possible the interpretation of experimental evidence without the need to exclude local realism: for that reason, we propose the abandonment of the usual (photon, particle-based) description of (PDC-generated) light states, in favour of an also quantum, but field-theoretical description (QED), a description that finds a one-to-one equivalent in the Wigner-PDC approach we have advocated in recent posts.

  17. Einstein, incompleteness, and the epistemic view of quantum states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholas Harrigan; Robert W. Spekkens

    2007-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Does the quantum state represent reality or our knowledge of reality? In making this distinction precise, we are led to a novel classification of hidden variable models of quantum theory. Indeed, representatives of each class can be found among existing constructions for two-dimensional Hilbert spaces. Our approach also provides a fruitful new perspective on arguments for the nonlocality and incompleteness of quantum theory. Specifically, we show that for models wherein the quantum state has the status of something real, the failure of locality can be established through an argument considerably more straightforward than Bell's theorem. The historical significance of this result becomes evident when one recognizes that the same reasoning is present in Einstein's preferred argument for incompleteness, which dates back to 1935. This fact suggests that Einstein was seeking not just any completion of quantum theory, but one wherein quantum states are solely representative of our knowledge. Our hypothesis is supported by an analysis of Einstein's attempts to clarify his views on quantum theory and the circumstance of his otherwise puzzling abandonment of an even simpler argument for incompleteness from 1927.

  18. United States

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrinceton Plasma Physics Lab Unique PPPL-ledStates Department of

  19. Photon-mediated interactions: a scalable tool to create and sustain entangled many-body states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camille Aron; Manas Kulkarni; Hakan E. Türeci

    2014-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Generation and sustenance of entangled many-body states is of fundamental and applied interest. Recent experimental progress in the stabilization of two-qubit Bell states in superconducting quantum circuits using an autonomous feedback scheme [S. Shankar et al., Nature 504, 419 (2013)] has demonstrated the effectiveness and robustness of driven-dissipative approaches, i.e. engineering a fine balance between driven-unitary and dissipative dynamics. Despite the remarkable theoretical and experimental progress in those approaches for superconducting circuits, no demonstrably scalable scheme exists to drive an arbitrary number of spatially separated qubits to a desired entangled quantum many-body state. Here we propose and study such a scalable scheme, based on engineering photon-mediated interactions, for driving a register of spatially separated qubits into multipartite entangled states. We demonstrate how generalized W-states can be generated with remarkable fidelities and the entanglement sustained for an indefinite time. The protocol is primarily discussed for a superconducting circuit architecture but is ideally realized in any platform that permits controllable delivery of coherent light to specified locations in a network of Cavity QED systems.

  20. Stochastic Physical Optics & Bell's correlation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. F. Geurdes

    2012-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    With the use of classical statistical argumentation similar to the one used in e.g. statistical optics, it is demonstrated that in entanglement of photons, a classical realist explanation cannot be excluded by the CHSH measure in experiment.

  1. Creston-Bell Rebuild Project

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration would likeConstitution4 Department of Energy CarlsbadWinter

  2. Storage of hyperentanglement in a solid-state quantum memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexey Tiranov; Jonathan Lavoie; Alban Ferrier; Philippe Goldner; Varun B. Verma; Sae Woo Nam; Richard P. Mirin; Adriana E. Lita; Francesco Marsili; Harald Herrmann; Christine Silberhorn; Nicolas Gisin; Mikael Afzelius; Felix Bussieres

    2015-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Two photons can simultaneously share entanglement between several degrees of freedom such as polarization, energy-time, spatial mode and orbital angular momentum. This resource is known as hyperentanglement, and it has been shown to be an important tool for optical quantum information processing. Here we demonstrate the quantum storage and retrieval of photonic hyperentanglement in a solid-state quantum memory. A pair of photons entangled in polarization and energy-time is generated such that one photon is stored in the quantum memory, while the other photon has a telecommunication wavelength suitable for transmission in optical fibre. We measured violations of a Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) Bell inequality for each degree of freedom, independently of the other one, which proves the successful storage and retrieval of the two bits of entanglement shared by the photons. Our scheme is compatible with long-distance quantum communication in optical fibre, and is in particular suitable for linear-optical entanglement purification for quantum repeaters.

  3. High-fidelity projective readout of a solid-state spin quantum register

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucio Robledo; Lilian Childress; Hannes Bernien; Bas Hensen; Paul F. A. Alkemade; Ronald Hanson

    2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Initialization and readout of coupled quantum systems are essential ingredients for the implementation of quantum algorithms. If the state of a multi-qubit register can be read out in a single shot, this enables further key resources such as quantum error correction and deterministic quantum teleportation, as well as direct investigation of quantum correlations (entanglement). While spins in solids are attractive candidates for scalable quantum information processing, thus far single-shot detection has only been achieved for isolated qubits. Here, we demonstrate preparation and measurement of a multi-spin quantum register by implementing resonant optical excitation techniques originally developed in atomic physics. We achieve high-fidelity readout of the electronic spin associated with a single nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centre in diamond at low temperature, and exploit this readout to project up to three nearby nuclear spin qubits onto a well-defined state. Conversely, we can distinguish the state of the nuclear spins in a single shot by mapping it onto and subsequently measuring the electronic spin. Finally, we show compatibility with qubit control by demonstrating initialization, coherent manipulation, and single-shot readout in a single experiment on a two-qubit register, using techniques suitable for extension to larger registers. These results pave the way for the first test of Bell's inequalities on solid-state spins and the implementation of measurement-based quantum information protocols.

  4. June 8 and 9, 2012 marked the first BioBlitz, put on by the University of Minnesota's Bell Museum of Natural History, to be held at Cedar Creek. Species surveyors and interested public started rolling in at 5 p.m. on Friday the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Museum of Natural History, to be held at Cedar Creek. Species surveyors and interested public started five hours. With nearly every highway leading to Cedar Creek under construction and temperatures, with 11 new records for the county and 26 new records for Cedar Creek More information on the Bell Museum

  5. State of the State's Rural Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    of health status, health behavior, or health- care access and Oklahomans do not compare favorablyState of the State's Rural Health 2007 Edition Produced by OSU Center for Rural Health ASnapshotof-4391 January 1, 2007 Dear Reader: Welcome to the Oklahoma State University Center for Rural Health's inaugural

  6. States & Emerging Energy Technologies

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    States & Emerging Energy Technologies August 15, 2013 DOE's State and Local Technical Assistance Program 2 DOE's Technical Assistance Program * Strategic Energy Planning * Program...

  7. Qutrit Magic State Distillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anwar, Hussain; Browne, Dan E

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Magic state distillation (MSD) is a purification protocol that plays a central role in fault tolerant quantum computation. Repeated iteration of the steps of a MSD protocol, generates pure single non-stabilizer states, or magic states, from multiple copies of a mixed resource state using stabilizer operations only. Thus mixed resource states promote the stabilizer operations to full universality. Magic state distillation was introduced for qubit-based quantum computation, but little has been known concerning MSD in higher dimensional qudit-based computation. Here, we describe a general approach for studying MSD in higher dimensions. We use it to investigate the features of a qutrit MSD protocol based on the 5-qutrit stabilizer code. We show that this protocol distills non-stabilizer magic states, and identify two types of states, that are attractors of this iteration map. Finally, we show how these states may be converted, via stabilizer circuits alone, into a state suitable for state injected implementation ...

  8. Sandia Energy - Solid-State Lighting Technology: Current State...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Solid-State Lighting Technology: Current State of the Art and Grand Challenges Home Energy Research EFRCs Solid-State Lighting Science EFRC Overview Solid-State Lighting...

  9. Are quantum states real?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucien Hardy

    2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we consider theories in which reality is described by some underlying variables. Each value these variables can take represents an ontic state (a particular state of reality). The preparation of a quantum state corresponds to a distribution over the ontic states. If we make three basic assumptions, we can show that the distributions over ontic states corresponding to distinct pure states are non-overlapping. This means that we can deduce the quantum state from a knowledge of the ontic state. Hence, if these assumptions are correct, we can claim that the quantum state is a real thing (it is written into the underlying variables that describe reality). The key assumption we use in this proof is ontic indifference - that quantum transformations that do not affect a given pure quantum state can be implemented in such a way that they do not affect the ontic states in the support of that state. In fact this assumption is violated in the Spekkens toy model (which captures many aspects of quantum theory and in which different pure states of the model have overlapping distributions over ontic states). This paper proves that ontic indifference must be violated in any model reproducing quantum theory in which the quantum state is not a real thing. The argument presented in this paper is different from that given in a recent paper by Pusey, Barrett, and Rudolph. It uses a different key assumption and it pertains to a single copy of the system in question.

  10. State Water Quality (Virginia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    It is the policy of the Commonwealth of Virginia to: (1) protect existing high quality state waters and restore the quality of all other state waters to permit all reasonable public uses and...

  11. Steering bound entangled states: A counterexample to the stronger Peres conjecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobias Moroder; Oleg Gittsovich; Marcus Huber; Otfried Gühne

    2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum correlations are at the heart of many applications in quantum information science and, at the same time, they form the basis for discussions about genuine quantum effects and their difference to classical physics. On one hand, entanglement theory provides the tools to quantify correlations in information processing and many results have been obtained to discriminate useful entanglement, which can be distilled to a pure form, from bound entanglement, being of limited use in many applications. On the other hand, for discriminating quantum phenomena from their classical counterparts, Schr\\"odinger and Bell introduced the notions of steering and local hidden variable models. We provide a method to generate systematically bound entangled quantum states which can still be used for steering and therefore to rule out local hidden state models. This sheds light on the relations between the various views on quantum correlations and disproves a widespread conjecture known as the stronger Peres conjecture. For practical applications, it implies that even the weakest form of entanglement can be certified in a semi-device independent way.

  12. Study of the K + ? + ? ? final state in B + ? J / ? K + ? + ? ? and B + ? ? ? K + ? + ? ?

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Guler, H.; Aihara, H.; Arinstein, K.; Aulchenko, V.; Aushev, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Balagura, V.; Barberio, E.; Belous, K.; Bhardwaj, V.; Bischofberger, M.; Bozek, A.; Bra?ko, M.; Browder, T. E.; Chang, P.; Chao, Y.; Chen, A.; Chen, P.; Cheon, B. G.; Cho, K.; Choi, S.-K.; Choi, Y.; Dalseno, J.; Doležal, Z.; Drásal, Z.; Drutskoy, A.; Dungel, W.; Eidelman, S.; Esen, S.; Ha, H.; Hayashii, H.; Horii, Y.; Hoshi, Y.; Hou, W.-S.; Hyun, H. J.; Inami, K.; Itoh, R.; Iwabuchi, M.; Joshi, N. J.; Julius, T.; Kang, J. H.; Katayama, N.; Kawasaki, T.; Kim, H. J.; Kim, H. O.; Kim, J. H.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, Y. J.; Kinoshita, K.; Ko, B. R.; Kodyš, P.; Krokovny, P.; Kumita, T.; Kuzmin, A.; Kwon, Y.-J.; Kyeong, S.-H.; Lee, M. J.; Lee, S.-H.; Li, J.; Liu, C.; Liventsev, D.; Louvot, R.; MacNaughton, J.; Marlow, D.; Matyja, A.; McOnie, S.; Miyabayashi, K.; Miyata, H.; Miyazaki, Y.; Mizuk, R.; Mohanty, G. B.; Mori, T.; Nakao, M.; Natkaniec, Z.; Nishida, S.; Nishimura, K.; Nitoh, O.; Ogawa, S.; Okuno, S.; Olsen, S. L.; Pakhlov, P.; Park, C. W.; Park, H.; Park, H. K.; Pestotnik, R.; Petri?, M.; Piilonen, L. E.; Poluektov, A.; Ryu, S.; Sahoo, H.; Sakai, Y.; Schneider, O.; Senyo, K.; Sevior, M. E.; Shapkin, M.; Shen, C. P.; Shiu, J.-G.; Smerkol, P.; Stani?, S.; Stari?, M.; Sumisawa, K.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Teramoto, Y.; Trabelsi, K.; Uehara, S.; Unno, Y.; Uno, S.; Varner, G.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, M.-Z.; Watanabe, M.; Watanabe, Y.; Williams, K. M.; Won, E.; Yamashita, Y.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhilich, V.; Zhou, P.; Zhulanov, V.; Zivko, T.; Zupanc, A.

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using 535×10? B-meson pairs collected by the Belle detector at the KEKB e?e? collider, we measure branching fractions of (7.16±0.10(stat)±0.60(syst)×10?? for B??J/?K????? and (4.31±0.20(stat)±0.50(syst))×10?? for B???'K?????. We perform amplitude analyses to determine the resonant structure of the K????? final state in B??J/?K????? and B???'K????? and find that the K?(1270) is a prominent component of both decay modes. There is significant interference among the different intermediate states, which leads, in particular, to a striking distortion of the ? line shape due to the ?. Based on the results of the fit to the B??J/?K????? data, the relative decay fractions of the K?(1270) to K?, K?, and K*(892)? are consistent with previous measurements, but the decay fraction to K*0(1430) is significantly smaller. Finally, by floating the mass and width of the K?(1270) in an additional fit of the B??J/?K????? data, we measure a mass of (1248.1±3.3(stat)±1.4(syst)) MeV/c² and a width of (119.5±5.2(stat)±6.7(syst)) MeV/c² for the K?(1270).

  13. Southern States Energy Compact (Multiple States)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Southern States Energy Compact provides for the proper employment and conservation of energy, and for the employment of energy-related facilities, materials, and products, within the context of...

  14. States & Emerging Energy Technologies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program (TAP), provides information on States & Emerging Energy Technologies.

  15. AASG STATE GDR

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003198MLTPL00 AASG State Geothermal Data Repository for the National Geothermal Data System.  http://repository.stategeothermaldata.org/repository/ 

  16. FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1972 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 66 Prepared by STATISTICS;ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The data in this edition of "Fishery Statistics of the United States" were collected in co- operation with the various States and tabulated by the staff of the Statistics and Market News Division

  17. Sustainability Cal State Fullerton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from the Sustainability Initiative Study Group October 28, 2008 #12;Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from the Sustainability Initiative Safety Sally Yassine Contracts & Procurement #12;Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from

  18. MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY INTRODUCTIONi.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;2 MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY INTRODUCTIONi. Welcome to the Online Professional Master of Science), and the College of Veterinary Medicine (CVM) at Michigan State University (MSU). This booklet contains important, Program Director Online Master of Science in Food Safety Michigan State University 1129 Farm Lane, Rm B 51

  19. Quantum Sequence States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. V. Mendes; R. V. Ramos

    2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In a recent paper it has been shown how to create a quantum state related to the prime number sequence using Grover's algorithm. Moreover, its multiqubit entanglement was analyzed. In the present work, we compare the multiqubit entanglement of several quantum sequence states as well we study the feasibility of producing such states using Grover's algorithm.

  20. Ground State Quantum Computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ari Mizel; M. W. Mitchell; Marvin L. Cohen

    1999-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We formulate a novel ground state quantum computation approach that requires no unitary evolution of qubits in time: the qubits are fixed in stationary states of the Hamiltonian. This formulation supplies a completely time-independent approach to realizing quantum computers. We give a concrete suggestion for a ground state quantum computer involving linked quantum dots.

  1. State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review Presenter: Chris Wagner, National Association of...

  2. State Clean Energy Policies Analysis: State, Utility, and Municipal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    State, Utility, and Municipal Loan Programs Jump to: navigation, search Name State Clean Energy Policies Analysis: State, Utility, and Municipal Loan Programs AgencyCompany...

  3. State Technologies Advancement Collaborative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David S. Terry

    2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO), and Association of State Energy Research and Technology Transfer Institutions (ASERTTI) signed an intergovernmental agreement on November 14, 2002, that allowed states and territories and the Federal Government to better collaborate on energy research, development, demonstration and deployment (RDD&D) projects. The agreement established the State Technologies Advancement Collaborative (STAC) which allowed the states and DOE to move RDD&D forward using an innovative competitive project selection and funding process. A cooperative agreement between DOE and NASEO served as the contracting instrument for this innovative federal-state partnership obligating funds from DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Office of Fossil Energy to plan, fund, and implement RDD&D projects that were consistent with the common priorities of the states and DOE. DOE's Golden Field Office provided Federal oversight and guidance for the STAC cooperative agreement. The STAC program was built on the foundation of prior Federal-State efforts to collaborate on and engage in joint planning for RDD&D. Although STAC builds on existing, successful programs, it is important to note that it was not intended to replace other successful joint DOE/State initiatives such as the State Energy Program or EERE Special Projects. Overall the STAC process was used to fund, through three competitive solicitations, 35 successful multi-state research, development, deployment, and demonstration projects with an overall average non-federal cost share of 43%. Twenty-two states were awarded at least one prime contract, and organizations in all 50 states and some territories were involved as subcontractors in at least one STAC project. Projects were funded in seven program areas: (1) Building Technologies, (2) Industrial Technologies, (3) Transportation Technologies, (4) Distributed Energy Resources, (5) Hydrogen Technology Learning Centers, (6) Fossil Energy, and (7) Rebuild America.

  4. Amplitude mediated chimera states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gautam C Sethia; Abhijit Sen; George L. Johnston

    2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the possibility of obtaining chimera state solutions of the non-local Complex Ginzburg-Landau Equation (NLCGLE) in the strong coupling limit when it is important to retain amplitude variations. Our numerical studies reveal the existence of a variety of amplitude mediated chimera states (including stationary and non-stationary two cluster chimera states), that display intermittent emergence and decay of amplitude dips in their phase incoherent regions. The existence regions of the single-cluster chimera state and both types of two cluster chimera states are mapped numerically in the parameter space of $C_1$ and $C_2$ the linear and nonlinear dispersion coefficients respectively of the NLCGLE. They represent a new domain of dynamical behaviour in the well explored rich phase diagram of this system. The amplitude mediated chimera states may find useful applications in understanding spatio-temporal patterns found in fluid flow experiments and other strongly coupled systems.

  5. Michigan State University Alumni Association MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michigan State University Alumni Association Bylaws #12;2 MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY ALUMNI of the organization shall be the Michigan State University Alumni Association (hereinafter, the "Association"). Section 2 Mission Statement The Michigan State University Alumni Association supports and enhances

  6. State Energy Strategic Planning

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Technical Assistance Program (TAP) presentation at a TAP webinar held on April 3, 2013 and dealing with state energy strategic planning.

  7. United States Government

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    State University, Columbus, OH (*) Stauffer Tenescal Co., Richmond, CA Tocco Induction Heating Division, Clevelaad, OH Utica Drop Forge & Tool Co., Utica, NV Titanium Metals Corp....

  8. United States Government

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    State Wversity, Columbus, CM-i (*) Stauffer Tenescal Co., Richmond, CA Tocco Induction Heating Division, Clevelaad, OH Utica Drop Forge & Tool Co., Utica, NV Titanium Metals Corp....

  9. State and Local Incentives

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To help you make energy efficiency improvements in your commercial building, your state and/or local community might offer incentives or have special programs.

  10. Oklahoma State University Purchasing Card

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Oklahoma State University Purchasing Card Guidelines Oklahoma State University Fiscal and Administrative Compliance 306 Whitehurst Stillwater, OK 74078 http://faac.okstate.edu August 2011 Oklahoma State University Purchasing Card Guidelines Fiscal and Administrative Compliance Oklahoma State University #12;Page

  11. OKLAHOMA STATE June 30, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY June 30, 2009 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY June 30, 2009 AUDITED ..........................................................................................................56 Discretely Presented Component Units Oklahoma State University Foundation..............................................................................................71 OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY DETAILED SCHEDULE OF EXPENDITURES OF FEDERAL AWARDS General University

  12. OKLAHOMA STATE June 30, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY June 30, 2011 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY June 30, 2011 AUDITED.................................................................................................59 Discretely Presented Component Units Oklahoma State University Foundation..............................................................................................76 OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY DETAILED SCHEDULE OF EXPENDITURES OF FEDERAL AWARDS General University

  13. OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY June 30, 2010 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL Authority Members Oklahoma State University Medical Authority Tulsa, Oklahoma We have audited the accompanying statements of financial position of the Oklahoma State University Medical Authority (the

  14. OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY June 30, 2009 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL Authority Members Oklahoma State University Medical Authority Tulsa, Oklahoma We have audited the accompanying statements of financial position of the Oklahoma State University Medical Authority (the

  15. Florida State Bowling Team

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weston, Ken

    The Florida State University Bowling Team Handbook 2012-2013 #12;THE FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY BOWLING TEAM HANDBOOK 2012-2013 2 Table of Contents WELCOME 3 VIRES, ARTES AND MORES 4 THE FSU BOWLING TEAM COACHING STAFF 5 PROGRAM PHILOSOPHY 7 Team Goals 7 Methods of Meeting Goals 7 Physical Game 8

  16. Florida State Bowling Team

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    The Florida State University Bowling Team Handbook 2014-2015 #12;THE FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY BOWLING TEAM HANDBOOK 2014-2015 2 Table of Contents WELCOME 3 VIRES, ARTES AND MORES 4 THE FSU BOWLING TEAM COACHING STAFF 5 PROGRAM PHILOSOPHY 8 Team Goals 8 Methods of Meeting Goals 9 Physical Game 10

  17. Florida State Bowling Team

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronquist, Fredrik

    The Florida State University Bowling Team Handbook 2014-2015 #12;THE FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY BOWLING TEAM HANDBOOK 2014-2015 2 Table of Contents WELCOME 3 VIRES, ARTES AND MORES 4 THE FSU BOWLING TEAM COACHING STAFF 5 PROGRAM PHILOSOPHY 7 Team Goals 7 Methods of Meeting Goals 7 Physical Game 8

  18. Solid State Division

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Green, P.H.; Watson, D.M. (eds.)

    1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains brief discussions on work done in the Solid State Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The topics covered are: Theoretical Solid State Physics; Neutron scattering; Physical properties of materials; The synthesis and characterization of materials; Ion beam and laser processing; and Structure of solids and surfaces. (LSP)

  19. Compatibility of quantum states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poulin, David; Blume-Kohout, Robin [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, MS-B210, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a measure of compatibility between quantum states--the likelihood that two density matrices describe the same object. Our measure is motivated by two elementary requirements, which lead to a natural definition. We list some properties of this measure, and discuss its relation to the problem of combining two observers' states of knowledge.

  20. Iowa State University Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhiqun

    1 Iowa State University Engineering Student Clubs Engineering Student CouncilIowa State University #12;2 AirISU Pg. 4 Alpha Pi Mu Industrial Engineering Honor Society (APM) Pg. 4 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Pg. 5 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE) Pg

  1. State University of Novi Pazar, Serbia Frank-Dieter Dorloff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goy, Anna

    -Essen, Germany Ivan Bedini Alcatel-Lucent, Bell Labs Research, Ireland Handbook of Research on E, Frank-Dieter Dorloff, and Ivan Bedini, editors. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index, 1953- II. Dorloff, Frank-Dieter, 1943- III. Bedini, Ivan, 1971- HF5548.32.H357 2012 658.8'72--dc23

  2. XTP as a Transport Protocol for Distributed Parallel Processing \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humphrey, Marty

    States Department of Energy, and CRADA No. 1136 between Sandia National Laboratories and AT&T Bell Labs

  3. Recovery Act State Summaries | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Act State Memo Virgin Islands Recovery Act State Memo Washington Recovery Act State Memo West Virginia Recovery Act State Memo Wisconsin Recovery Act State Memo Wyoming Recovery...

  4. STATE OF THE STATES: FUEL CELLS IN AMERICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE). It is a follow-up to the 2010 report, State of the States, particularly the State Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Database and North Carolina Solar Center's Database of State this effort. State and national leaders must work together to develop additional strategies and incentives

  5. New State Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, F. A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    residential 2009 IECC, commercial 2009 IECC, air sealing and blower doors; ? A resource library of compliance tools, software, and PNNL checklists. 15 CATEE-Dallas 11-09-2011 Questions? Felix Lopez, P.E. State Energy Conservation Office 512...

  6. Greening of State Government

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In July 2005, Colorado’s governor signed Executive Order D005 05, mandating that state agencies and departments evaluate business operations and implement new programs “to promote environmentally...

  7. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of a typical wind energy production facility, the results warrant further research on the use of acoustic;1 INTRODUCTION Over the past decade, wind energy production capacity in the United States has increased

  8. Michigan State University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Taosheng

    Michigan State University Press FALL/ WINTER 2013 #12;MICHIGANSTATEUNIVERSITYPRESS This symbol:PALEOLITHICANIMALART.CAVELIONSATGROTTECHAUVET.PHOTO:DONHITCHCOCKFROMANIMALSASNEIGHBORS. INSIDECOVERIMAGE:STENAANECHRISTINE.BORNINDENMARKOCTOBER26,1864.SHEWASARESIDENTOFDIXON,AKENTCOUNTY,MICHIGAN,COMMUNITYCLOSETOTHEDANISHSETTLEMENTOF TRUFANTINMONTCALMCOUNTY.COURTESYOFTHEFLATRIVERHISTORICALSOCIETY,GREENVILLE,MICHIGAN,FROMDANESANDICELANDERSINMICHIGAN. NEW

  9. Multipartite secure state distribution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duer, W.; Briegel, H.-J. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Institut fuer Quantenoptik und Quanteninformation der Oesterreichischen, Akademie der Wissenschaften, Innsbruck (Austria); Calsamiglia, J. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)

    2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce the distribution of a secret multipartite entangled state in a real-world scenario as a quantum primitive. We show that in the presence of noisy quantum channels (and noisy control operations), any state chosen from the set of two-colorable graph states (Calderbank-Shor-Steane codewords) can be created with high fidelity while it remains unknown to all parties. This is accomplished by either blind multipartite entanglement purification, which we introduce in this paper, or by multipartite entanglement purification of enlarged states, which offers advantages over an alternative scheme based on standard channel purification and teleportation. The parties are thus provided with a secret resource of their choice for distributed secure applications.

  10. The State of Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lallemant, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hopeful but skeptic, as Haiti has been promised many thingsThe State of Haiti By David Lallemant Thescale of the disaster in Haiti is hard to describe or even

  11. Roanoke River Basin Bi-State Commission (Multiple States)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Roanoke River Basin Bi-State Commission was established as a bi-state commission composed of members from the Commonwealth of Virginia and the State of North Carolina. The purpose of the...

  12. Invited Invaders: Beetles used sucessfully in biological control of saltcedar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?produced one of the worst ecological disasters in the recorded history of the region [western United States],? according to a #25;#24;#24;#24; review of the problem by Dr. Jack DeLoach, an ARS entomologist in Temple, and other scientists involved... Knutson, Texas AgriLife Extension Service entomologist at the Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center at Dallas, released #16;#18; Crete (Greece) beetles at a research site along Beals Creek near Big Spring in West Texas. Over the summer...

  13. Invited Invaders: Beetles used successfully in biological control of saltcedar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?produced one of the worst ecological disasters in the recorded history of the region [western United States],? according to a #25;#24;#24;#24; review of the problem by Dr. Jack DeLoach, an ARS entomologist in Temple, and other scientists involved... Knutson, Texas AgriLife Extension Service entomologist at the Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center at Dallas, released #16;#18; Crete (Greece) beetles at a research site along Beals Creek near Big Spring in West Texas. Over the summer...

  14. Quantum state discrimination with bosonic channels and Gaussian states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Si Hui, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Discriminating between quantum states is an indispensable part of quantum information theory. This thesis investigates state discrimination of continuous quantum variables, focusing on bosonic communication channels and ...

  15. State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA): State Policy and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Manufacturing Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA): State Policy and the Pursuit of Renewable Energy...

  16. Western Interstate Nuclear Compact State Nuclear Policy (Multiple States)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Legislation authorizes states' entrance into the Western Interstate Nuclear Compact, which aims to undertake the cooperation of participating states in deriving the optimum benefit from nuclear and...

  17. MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY PHILANTHROPIST AWARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY PHILANTHROPIST AWARD The MSU Alumni Association annually seeks and accepts nominations for the Michigan State University PHILANTHROPIST AWARD. This award is presented-going financial support and leadership to Michigan State University. The candidates will have demonstrated

  18. State Energy Efficiency Design Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Oregon's State Energy Efficiency Design Program (SEED) was originally established in 1991. This program, codified in state law, directs state agencies to work with the Oregon Department of Energy...

  19. Quantum chimera states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Viennot; Lucile Aubourg

    2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We study a theoretical model of closed quasi-hermitian chain of spins which exhibits quantum analogues of chimera states, i.e. long life classical states for which a part of an oscillator chain presents an ordered dynamics whereas another part presents a disordered chaotic dynamics. For the quantum analogue, the chimera behavior deals with the entanglement between the spins of the chain. We discuss the entanglement properties, quantum chaos, quantum disorder and semi-classical similarity of our quantum chimera system. The quantum chimera concept is novel and induces new perspectives concerning the entanglement of multipartite systems.

  20. Excited Charm States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shukla, S.

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Characteristics of mass spectra and decays of orbitally excited charm mesons and baryons, expected on the basis of quark models and Heavy Quark Symmetry, are briefly described. The difficulties associated with measurements on these excited states are discussed. The accuracy and reliability of currently available experimental information is examined. The reasons, for the widely accepted spin-parity assignments to the observed excited mesons and baryons, are stated. Finally, the experimental data, with the accepted spin-parity assignments, is compared with expectations based on quark models and Heavy Quark Symmetry.

  1. Solid state switch

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Merritt, B.T.; Dreifuerst, G.R.

    1994-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A solid state switch, with reverse conducting thyristors, is designed to operate at 20 kV hold-off voltage, 1,500 A peak, 1.0 [mu]s pulsewidth, and 4,500 pps, to replace thyratrons. The solid state switch is more reliable, more economical, and more easily repaired. The switch includes a stack of circuit card assemblies, a magnetic assist and a trigger chassis. Each circuit card assembly contains a reverse conducting thyristor, a resistor capacitor network, and triggering circuitry. 6 figs.

  2. State of the Lab!

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary900 SpecialNanoparticulate FeSSection 1.StateState

  3. FY 2010 State Table

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic Plan| Department of.pdf6-OPAMDepartment6 FY 2007 FY 2008State7 FY0 ServiceState

  4. FY 2011 State Table

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic Plan| Department of.pdf6-OPAMDepartment6 FY 2007 FY 2008State71Laboratory1State

  5. Qualified Energy Conservation Bond State-by-State Summary Tables

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides a list of qualified energy conservation bond state summary tables. Author: Energy Programs Consortium

  6. State DOT: Michigan State Report Questions on MEPDG Implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    State DOT: Michigan State Report Questions on MEPDG Implementation 1. Summarize your state's status as far as MEPDG Implementation. Michigan DOT has purchased a single copy of DARWin-ME for the statewide, a research project will begin with Michigan State University involving local calibration and validation

  7. State of Spacef p State of Space 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Volkenburgh, Elizabeth

    State of Spacef p 2009 State of Space 2009 DRAFT ­ For Discussion Only #12;UW Space throughout the World Owned or Leased State of Space 2009 DRAFT ­ For Discussion Only *Space recorded with the Office of Planning & Budgeting or the Real Estate Office #12;UW Space throughout the United States Owned or Leased

  8. Search for charmonium and charmoniumlike states in {Upsilon}(1S) radiative decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, C. P. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China); University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (United States); Wang, X. L.; Yuan, C. Z.; Wang, P.; Shang, L.; Zhang, C. C. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China); Adachi, I.; Haba, J.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Kichimi, H.; Nakao, M.; Nishida, S.; Sakai, Y.; Uno, S.; Yamauchi, M. [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba (Japan); Aihara, H. [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan); Aushev, T. [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne (Switzerland); Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Bakich, A. M.; McOnie, S. [School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using a sample of 102x10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(1S) events collected with the Belle detector, we report on the first search for charge-parity-even charmonium and charmoniumlike states in {Upsilon}(1S) radiative decays. No significant {chi}{sub cJ} or {eta}{sub c} signal is observed and 90% C.L. limits on B({Upsilon}(1S){yields}{gamma}{chi}{sub c0})<6.5x10{sup -4}, B({Upsilon}(1S){yields}{gamma}{chi}{sub c1})<2.3x10{sup -5}, B({Upsilon}(1S){yields}{gamma}{chi}{sub c2})<7.6x10{sup -6}, and B({Upsilon}(1S){yields}{gamma}{eta}{sub c})<5.7x10{sup -5} are obtained. The product branching fraction limits B({Upsilon}(1S){yields}{gamma}X(3872))B(X(3872){yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}J/{psi})<1.6x10{sup -6}, B({Upsilon}(1S){yields}{gamma}X(3872))B(X(3872){yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}J/{psi})<2.8x10{sup -6}, B({Upsilon}(1S){yields}{gamma}X(3915)) B(X(3915){yields}{omega}J/{psi})<3.0x10{sup -6}, and B({Upsilon}(1S){yields}{gamma}Y(4140))B(Y(4140){yields}{phi}J/{psi})<2.2x10{sup -6} are obtained at the 90% C.L. Furthermore, no evidence is found for excited charmonium states below 4.8 GeV/c{sup 2}.

  9. Search for charmonium and charmoniumlike states in {Upsilon}(2S) radiative decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, X. L.; Yuan, C. Z.; Wang, P. [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China); Shen, C. P.; Hayasaka, K.; Iijima, T.; Miyazaki, Y.; Ohshima, T.; Senyo, K.; Seon, O. [Nagoya University, Nagoya (Japan); Adachi, I.; Haba, J.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Katayama, N.; Kichimi, H.; Nakao, M.; Nishida, S.; Sakai, Y.; Trabelsi, K. [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba (Japan)

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using a sample of 158x10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(2S) events collected with the Belle detector, charmonium and charmoniumlike states with even charge parity are searched for in {Upsilon}(2S) radiative decays. No significant {chi}{sub cJ} or {eta}{sub c} signal is observed, and the following upper limits at 90% confidence level (C. L.) are obtained: B({Upsilon}(2S){yields}{gamma}{chi}{sub c0})<1.0x10{sup -4}, B({Upsilon}(2S){yields}{gamma}{chi}{sub c1})<3.6x10{sup -6}, B({Upsilon}(2S){yields}{gamma}{chi}{sub c2})<1.5x10{sup -5}, and B({Upsilon}(2S){yields}{gamma}{eta}{sub c})<2.7x10{sup -5}. No significant signal of any charmoniumlike state is observed, and we obtain the limits B({Upsilon}(2S){yields}{gamma}X(3872))xB(X(3872){yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}J/{psi})<0.8x10{sup -6}, B({Upsilon}(2S){yields}{gamma}X(3872))x B(X(3872){yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}J/{psi})<2.4x10{sup -6}, B({Upsilon}(2S){yields}{gamma}X(3915))xB(X(3915){yields}{omega}J/{psi})<2.8x10{sup -6}, B({Upsilon}(2S){yields}{gamma}Y(4140))xB(Y(4140){yields}{phi}J/{psi}))<1.2x10{sup -6}, and B({Upsilon}(2S){yields}{gamma}X(4350))xB(X(4350){yields}{phi}J/{psi}))<1.3x10{sup -6} at 90% C. L.

  10. United States of Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Intermountain Research Station General. in the aircraft nuclear propulsion department at the National Reactor Testing Station in Idaho. In 1961 Rothermel.S. Department of Agriculture, Fire Laboratory at Missoula was conceived in the aftermath of the Mann Gulch fire

  11. Portland State UNIVERSITY HOUSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Portland State UNIVERSITY HOUSING FAMILY MEMBER CONFIRMATION FORM *UNIVERSITY HOUSING OFFICE *625 SW JACKSON ST. #210, PORTLAND, OR 97201 *PHONE (503) 725-4375 *FAX (503) 725-4394 *HOUSING@PDX.EDU *WWW.PDX.EDU/HOUSING * For Office Use Only Res Services Assign Accts Badge # RESIDENT INFORMATION

  12. United States Environmental Protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and exercises, EPA's radiological emergency response team helps states and other agencies test their response, biological, radiological, and nuclear terrorism. For terrorist incidents involving radioactive materials open or is processing facility and the radioactive material is released, people and the environment may

  13. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are thought to contribute to carbon sequestration, including current debates on this topic. The science regarding forestry and carbon sequestration is more advanced and less controversial than that for range, land management, carbon sequestration, carbon markets, United States. #12;ii Executive Summary

  14. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Gregory G.

    Assessment Thomas M. Quigley, Editor U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research, and Andy Wilson. Thomas M. Quigley Editor United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service United Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 120 p. (Quigley, Thomas M., ed.; Interior Columbia Basin

  15. Washington State Electric Vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Washington State Electric Vehicle Implementation Bryan Bazard Maintenance and Alternate Fuel Technology Manager #12;Executive Order 14-04 Requires the procurement of electric vehicles where and equipment with electricity or biofuel to the "extent practicable" by June 2015 1. The vehicle is due

  16. Variational transition state theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Truhlar, D.G. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis (United States)

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research program involves the development of variational transition state theory (VTST) and semiclassical tunneling methods for the calculation of gas-phase reaction rates and selected applications. The applications are selected for their fundamental interest and/or their relevance to combustion.

  17. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Report NRS-112 Modeling the Effects of Emerald Ash Borer on Forest Composition in the Midwest of human population, energy, consumption, land use, and economic models to project the future condition of forests in the Midwest and Northeast United States. Our results suggest that in most cases EAB

  18. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to Alabama, is receiving increasing attention as an economically recoverable natural gas source, and proximity to natural gas markets in the heavily urbanized northeastern United States have prompted increased-10 Reptile, Amphibian, and Small Mammal Species Associated with Natural Gas Development

  19. dddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddd United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hubbard, Susan

    , and is on the verge of a major water shortage. As vineyards consume more rural acre- age, competition for water irrigation. However, California uses the largest volume of water of any state in the nation resources is increasing, which has increased the pres- sure on California vintners to use water more

  20. United States Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    Protect Your Family From Lead in Your Home United States Environmental Protection Agency United · What you can do to protect your family · Where to go for more information Before renting or buying Family from Lead Hazards If you think your home has lead-based paint: · Don't try to remove lead

  1. Collectibility for Mixed Quantum States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ?ukasz Rudnicki; Zbigniew Pucha?a; Pawe? Horodecki; Karol ?yczkowski

    2012-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Bounds analogous to entropic uncertainty relations allow one to design practical tests to detect quantum entanglement by a collective measurement performed on several copies of the state analyzed. This approach, initially worked out for pure states only [Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 150502 (2011)], is extended here for mixed quantum states. We define collectibility for any mixed states of a multipartite system. Deriving bounds for collectibility for positive partially transposed states of given purity provides a new insight into the structure of entangled quantum states. In case of two qubits the application of complementary measurements and coincidence based detections leads to a new test of entanglement of pseudopure states.

  2. State Energy Program Operations Manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs

    1999-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The State Energy Program Operations Manual is a reference tool for the states and the program officials at the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs and Regional Support Offices as well as State Energy Offices. The Manual contains information needed to apply for and administer the State Energy Program, including program history, application rules and requirements, and program administration and monitoring requirements.

  3. Transboundary aquifers: Southwestern states assess 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tx H2O | pg. 14 Southwestern states assess Researchers from three universities in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona and from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) are partnering on a new project to evaluate aquifers that span the United States... and Mexico borders. The federally funded project, known as United States-Mexico Transboundary Aquifer Assessment, will provide a scientific foundation for state and local officials to address pressing water resources challenges in the United States...

  4. Representation of State Property Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diederik Aerts; Sylvia Pulmannova

    2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A 'state property system' is the mathematical structure which models an arbitrary physical system by means of its set of states, its set of properties, and a relation of 'actuality of a certain property for a certain state'. We work out a new axiomatization for standard quantum mechanics, starting with the basic notion of state property system, and making use of a generalization of the standard quantum mechanical notion of 'superposition' for state property systems.

  5. State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA): State Tax Incentives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lantz, E.; Doris, E.

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a policy tool, state tax incentives can be structured to help states meet clean energy goals. Policymakers often use state tax incentives in concert with state and federal policies to support renewable energy deployment or reduce market barriers. This analysis used case studies of four states to assess the contributions of state tax incentives to the development of renewable energy markets. State tax incentives that are appropriately paired with complementary state and federal policies generally provide viable mechanisms to support renewable energy deployment. However, challenges to successful implementation of state tax incentives include serving project owners with limited state tax liability, assessing appropriate incentive levels, and differentiating levels of incentives for technologies with different costs. Additionally, state tax incentives may result in moderately higher federal tax burdens. These challenges notwithstanding, state tax incentives that consider certain policy design characteristics can support renewable energy markets and state clean energy goals.The scale of their impact though is directly related to the degree to which they support the renewable energy markets for targeted sectors and technologies. This report highlights important policy design considerations for policymakers using state tax incentives to meet clean energy goals.

  6. Bell Pettigrew Museum of Natural History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    into the lungs where it matures. Tongue Worms Adult tongue worms all live as parasites in the respiratory tract of vertebrates. Most species live in the lungs of snakes. For a parasite to survive inside a host it has to stop found to exactly mimic the secretions found in the lungs of their host. This means that the host can

  7. Vice Chancellor for IT (Mardecia Bell)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /18/2011 Budget Accounting Procurement HR/Personnel CAMS Inventory ETF Management High Performance Computing

  8. Energy Conservation in the Bell System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, J. W.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . and Western Electric. All Compani es have di rect access to the data and all reports via computer terminal. Reporting Results The AT&T Energy Management Organization analyzes the monthly data of the Compani es and distributes results to all Company.... Hith re cognition of the 1973 energy problem, instructions were issued to the Operating COJ:1panies detailing ways gasoline could be saved. These instructions covered areas such as purchase of efficient ve hicles, driver training, and proper...

  9. Bell Laboratories subject: Providing System Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    and installing software are being ventilated. Realizing this seem- ingly irreversible trend towards Internet on the premise that most computer users nowadays have access to the Internet and know how to use a Java

  10. Energy Conservation in the Bell System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Del Grande, M. R.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    current N3 arrangements. It will, therefore, reduce the cost and energy requirements of providing future growth. Other new electronic devices are being applied to reduce power used in electronic equipments. Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs), which require...

  11. Vice Chancellor for IT (Mardecia Bell)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Paul

    /Project Management Guidance Audit Control/Compliance IT Resilience/Business Continuity Planning Software License Production Support Campus Data Network Telephone System CATV/Video Services Firewall Services Email/De- Provisioning Password Management Provide Leadership and Strategic Planning for the University as it relates

  12. Bell Pettigrew Museum of Natural History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    .g. Pectinaria ) and tube-dwelling filter feeders (e.g. Sabella ). Class: Aeolosomata The smallest class

  13. ORISE: Undergraduate Research Experiences - Isaiah Bell

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparencyDOENurseResourcesThe Value ofand ReportingAprilHayley

  14. Melody C. Bell | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOil & GasTechnicalMeeting with EarthJustice Regarding FEMPMeijerMelody

  15. Idaho_IdahoPowerBellRapids

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School footballHydrogenIT |Hot Springs Site #0104 Latitude: N. 43 deg.

  16. Bell, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions IncBay County,SouthCityStrategy |

  17. Bell, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions IncBay County,SouthCityStrategy |Oklahoma: Energy Resources Jump

  18. Belle Mead Solar Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions IncBay County,SouthCityStrategy |Oklahoma:

  19. Belle Mead Solar Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon CaptureAtriaPowerBeanBeijingEnergy(Redirected from

  20. Bound States in Graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar S. Gupta; Siddhartha Sen

    2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a quantum analysis of the massless excitations in graphene with a charge impurity. When the effective charge exceeds a certain critical value, the spectrum is quantized and is unbounded from below. The corresponding eigenstates are square-integrable at infinity and have a rapidly oscillatory behaviour in the short distance, which can be interpreted as a fall to the centre. Using a cutoff regularization, we show that the effective Coulomb interaction strength is driven to its critical value under the renormalization group flow. In the subcritical region, we find bound states with imaginary values of the energy for certain range of the system parameters. The physical significance of these bound states with imaginary eigenvalues is discussed.

  1. Nozick's minimal state?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Darrell James

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    seemed to have problems doing so, myself. Finally, I must give special acknowledgment to Debbie Hutchins for listening to me whine. TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT. DEDICATION. Page iv ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. . TABLE OF CO~5. . CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION. II.... Protective Policy Possibilities. . IV PROTECTIVE WELFARE. 8 11 14 25 29 30 34 39 43 50 56 Case 1: Roads. . Case 2: Education. Case 3: The Marshall Plan. . Arguments and Analysis. V A NOZICKIAN STATE Policy Objedions...

  2. Observation of the {psi}(4415){yields}DD{sub 2}*(2460) Decay Using Initial-State Radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pakhlova, G.; Balagura, V.; Chistov, R.; Danilov, M.; Liventsev, D.; Medvedeva, T.; Mizuk, R.; Pakhlov, P.; Tikhomirov, I.; Uglov, T. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Adachi, I.; Brodzicka, J.; Haba, J.; Hazumi, M.; Itoh, R.; Iwasaki, Y.; Kibayashi, A.; Kichimi, H.; Krokovny, P.; Nakao, M. [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba (Japan)] (and others)

    2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report measurements of the exclusive cross section for e{sup +}e{sup -}{yields}D{sup 0}D{sup -}{pi}{sup +} over the center-of-mass energy range 4.0 GeV to 5.0 GeV with initial-state radiation and the first observation of the decay {psi}(4415){yields}D{sup 0}D{sup -}{pi}{sup +}. From a study of the resonant substructure in {psi}(4415) decay we conclude that the {psi}(4415){yields}D{sup 0}D{sup -}{pi}{sup +} decay is dominated by {psi}(4415){yields}DD{sub 2}*(2460). We obtain B({psi}(4415){yields}D{sup 0}D{sup -}{pi}{sub nonresonant}{sup +})/B({psi}(4415){yields}DD{sub 2}*(24 = 60){yields}D{sup 0}D{sup -}{pi}{sup +})<0.22 at 90% C.L. The analysis is based on a data sample collected with the Belle detector with an integrated luminosity of 673 fb{sup -1}.

  3. First study of ?c(1S), ?(1760) and X(1835) production via ?'???? final states in two-photon collisions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, C. C.; Aihara, H.; Asner, D. M.; Aushev, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Ban, Y.; Belous, K.; Bischofberger, M.; Browder, T. E.; Chen, A.; et al

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The invariant mass spectrum of the ?'???? final state produced in two-photon collisions is obtained using a 673 fb?¹ data sample collected in the vicinity of the ?(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e?e? collider. We observe a clear signal of the ?c(1S) and measure its mass and width to be M(?c(1S))=(2982.7±1.8(stat)±2.2(syst)±0.3(model)) MeV/c² and ?(?c(1S))=(37.8+5.8–5.3(stat)±2.8(syst)±1.4(model)) MeV/c². The third error is an uncertainty due to possible interference between the ?c(1S) and a nonresonant component. We also report the first evidence for ?(1760) decay to?'????; we find two solutions for its parameters, depending on the inclusion or notmore »of the X(1835), whose existence is of marginal significance in our data. From a fit to the mass spectrum using coherent X(1835) and ?(1760) resonant amplitudes, we set a 90% confidence level upper limit on the product ???B(?'????) for the X(1835).« less

  4. First study of ?c(1S), ?(1760) and X(1835) production via ?'???? final states in two-photon collisions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, C. C.; Aihara, H.; Asner, D. M.; Aushev, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Ban, Y.; Belous, K.; Bischofberger, M.; Browder, T. E.; Chen, A.; Cheon, B. G.; Chilikin, K.; Chistov, R.; Choi, Y.; Dalseno, J.; Danilov, M.; Eidelman, S.; Feindt, M.; Gaur, V.; Gabyshev, N.; Goh, Y. M.; Han, Y. L.; Hayashii, H.; Horii, Y.; Hou, W.-S.; Hyun, H. J.; Iijima, T.; Inami, K.; Ishikawa, A.; Iwabuchi, M.; Julius, T.; Kiesling, C.; Kim, H. O.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, Y. J.; Ko, B. R.; Kodyš, P.; Korpar, S.; Krokovny, P.; Kuzmin, A.; Li, J.; Libby, J.; Liu, Y.; Liu, Z. Q.; Louvot, R.; Matvienko, D.; McOnie, S.; Mizuk, R.; Nakano, E.; Nakao, M.; Nakazawa, H.; Natkaniec, Z.; Nishida, S.; Ohshima, T.; Okuno, S.; Olsen, S. L.; Pakhlov, P.; Pakhlova, G.; Park, H.; Park, H. K.; Pestotnik, R.; Petri?, M.; Piilonen, L. E.; Röhrken, M.; Ryu, S.; Sahoo, H.; Sakai, Y.; Santel, D.; Sanuki, T.; Schneider, O.; Schwanda, C.; Sevior, M. E.; Shapkin, M.; Shebalin, V.; Shen, C. P.; Shibata, T.-A.; Shiu, J.-G.; Shwartz, B.; Smerkol, P.; Sohn, Y.-S.; Solovieva, E.; Stani?, S.; Stari?, M.; Sumihama, M.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Tikhomirov, I.; Uchida, M.; Uehara, S.; Uglov, T.; Unno, Y.; Uno, S.; Varner, G.; Vinokurova, A.; Vorobyev, V.; Wang, P.; Wang, X. L.; Watanabe, Y.; Williams, K. M.; Yabsley, B. D.; Yamashita, Y.; Yuan, C. Z.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhulanov, V.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The invariant mass spectrum of the ?'???? final state produced in two-photon collisions is obtained using a 673 fb?¹ data sample collected in the vicinity of the ?(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e?e? collider. We observe a clear signal of the ?c(1S) and measure its mass and width to be M(?c(1S))=(2982.7±1.8(stat)±2.2(syst)±0.3(model)) MeV/c² and ?(?c(1S))=(37.8+5.8–5.3(stat)±2.8(syst)±1.4(model)) MeV/c². The third error is an uncertainty due to possible interference between the ?c(1S) and a nonresonant component. We also report the first evidence for ?(1760) decay to?'????; we find two solutions for its parameters, depending on the inclusion or not of the X(1835), whose existence is of marginal significance in our data. From a fit to the mass spectrum using coherent X(1835) and ?(1760) resonant amplitudes, we set a 90% confidence level upper limit on the product ???B(?'????) for the X(1835).

  5. First Observation of the P-Wave Spin-Singlet Bottomonium States hb(1P) and hb(2P)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adachi, I.; Aihara, H.; Arinstein, K.; Asner, David M.; Aushev, T.; Aziz, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Barberio, E.; Belous, K.; Bhardwaj, V.; Bhuyan, B.; Bondar, A.; Bracko, Marko; Brodzicka, J.; Browder, Thomas E.; Chang, P.; Chen, A.; Chen, P.; Cheon, B. G.; Chilikin, K.; Chistov, R.; Cho, I- S.; Cho, K.; Choi, Y.; Dalseno, J.; Danilov, M.; Drasal, Z.; Drutskoy, A.; Eidelman, S.; Epifanov, D.; Esen, Sevda; Fast, James E.; Feindt, M.; Gaur, Vipin; Gabyshev, N.; Garmash, A.; Goh, Y. M.; Golob, B.; Hara, Takanori; Hayasaka, K.; Hayashii, H.; Hoshi, Y.; Hou, W. S.; Hsiung, Y. B.; Hyun, H. J.; Iijima, T.; Ishikawa, A.; Iwabuchi, M.; Iwasaki, Y.; Jaegle, Igal; Julius, T.; Kang, J. H.; Katayama, N.; Kawasaki, T.; Kichimi, H.; Kim, H. O.; Kim, J. B.; Kim, K. T.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, Y. J.; Kinoshita, Kay; Ko, Byeong Rok; Kobayashi, N.; Koblitz, S.; Korpar, S.; Krizan, P.; Kuhr, T.; Kumita, T.; Kuzmin, A.; Kwon, Y. J.; Lange, J. S.; Lee, S. H.; Li, J.; Libby, J.; Liu, C.; Liventsev, D.; Louvot, R.; Macnaughton, Jimmy N.; Matvienko, D.; McOnie, S.; Miyabayashi, K.; Miyata, H.; Miyazaki, Y.; Mizuk, R.; Mohanty, G. B.; Mussa, R.; Nagasaka, Y.; Nakano, E.; Nakao, M.; Nakazawa, H.; Natkaniec, Z.; Neubauer, S.; Nishida, S.; Nishimura, K.; Nitoh, O.; Nozaki, T.; Ohshima, T.; Okuno, S.; Olsen, Stephen L.; Onuki, Y.; Pakhlov, P.; Pakhlova, G.; Park, H.; Pedlar, Todd K.; Pestotnik, Rok; Petric, M.; Piilonen, Leo E.; Poluektov, A.; Ritter, M.; Rohrken, M.; Ryu, S.; Sahoo, Himansu B.; Sakai, Y.; Sanuki, T.; Schneider, O.; Schwanda, C.; Schwartz, A. J.; Senyo, K.; Seon, O.; Sevior, Martin E.; Shapkin, M.; Shebalin, V.; Shibata, T. A.; Shiu, Jing-Ge; Shwartz, B.; Simon, F.; Smerkol, P.; Sohn, Young-Soo; Sokolov, A.; Solovieva, E.; Stanic, S.; Stanic, M.; Sumihama, M.; Tatishvili, Gocha; Teramoto, Y.; Tikhomirov, I.; Trabelsi, K.; Uchida, M.; Uehara, S.; Uglov, T.; Unno, Y.; Uno, S.; Vahsen, S. E.; Varner, G.; Varvell, K. E.; Vinokurova, A.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, X. L.; Watanabe, Y.; Wicht, J.; Won, E.; Yabsley, B. D.; Yamashita, Y.; Yuan, C. Z.; Zhilich, V.; Zupanc, A.

    2012-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the observation of the hb(1P) and hb(2P) spin-singlet bottomonium states produced in the reaction e+e? ! hb(nP)*+*? with significances of 5.5 * and 11.2 *, respectively. We find that M[hb(1P)] = (9898.25±1.06+1.03 ?1.07 )MeV/c2 and M[hb(2P)] = (10259.76±0.64+1.43 ?1.03 )MeV/c2, which correspond to measurements of the P-wave hyperfine splittings *MHF = (1.62 ± 1.52)MeV/c2 and (0.48+1.57 ?1.22)MeV/c2, respectively. We also report measurements of the cross sections for e+e? ! hb(nP)*+*? relative to the cross section for the e+e? ! *(2S)*+*? reaction. These results are obtained from a 121.4 fb?1 data sample collected with the Belle detector near the *(5S) resonance at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+e? collider.

  6. HOME OF THE ILLINOIS STATE SCIENTIFIC SURVEYS Illinois Natural History Survey Illinois State Archaeological Survey Illinois State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bashir, Rashid

    Archaeological Survey · Illinois State Geological Survey · Illinois State Water Survey · Illinois Sustainable

  7. State of the States: Fuel Cells in America 2012

    Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

    This report, written by Fuel Cells 2000 and partially funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Program, continues to build on the April 2010 State of the States report that pro

  8. State of the States: Fuel Cells in America 2013

    Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

    This October 2013 report, written by Fuel Cells 2000 and partially funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Office, continues to build on the April 2010 State of the States rep

  9. State Energy Alternatives: Alternative Energy Resources by State

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    This U.S. map provides state by state information on incentives and laws related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles. Discover what's available in each state for innovation grants, infrastructure grants, and production grants and who to contact. Find out how many alternative refueling stations are available in each state and where they are. Tennessee, for example, in 2009, has 114 alternative refueling stations: 36 biodiesel, 1 electrical, 29 ethanol, 4 natural gas, and 44 propane. There are also 5 Truck Stop Electrification (TSE) sites in Tennessee. Users can also find out from this map interface the contacts for Clean Cities in a state, information about renewable energy projects and activities in each state, fuel prices across a state, and biomass potential resources and current production in each state.

  10. Gauging Employment Growth in Wisconsin: State-By-State Comparisons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Gauging Employment Growth in Wisconsin: State; 2 Employment growth in Wisconsin continues to lag both the national rate of job growth as well as the rates of employment increase in most other states

  11. State Opportunities for Action: Update of States' CHP Activities...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Economy (ACEEE) report brings up to date the review of state policies with regard to CHP that ACEEE completed in 2002. The report describes the current activities of states...

  12. Distilling one-qubit magic states into Toffoli states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan Eastin

    2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    For certain quantum architectures and algorithms, most of the required resources are consumed during the distillation of one-qubit magic states for use in performing Toffoli gates. I show that the overhead for magic-state distillation can be reduced by merging distillation with the implementation of Toffoli gates. The resulting routine distills 8 one-qubit magic states directly to a Toffoli state, which can be used without further magic to perform a Toffoli gate.

  13. State Nuclear Profiles 2010

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site.1 Relative Standard ErrorsSeptemberState Nuclear Profiles 2010

  14. FY 2006 State Table

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic Plan| Department of.pdf6-OPAMDepartment of EnergyME-0035Organization6State

  15. FY 2008 State Table

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic Plan| Department of.pdf6-OPAMDepartment ofAppropriationBudgetLaboratoryState

  16. FY 2009 State Table

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic Plan| Department of.pdf6-OPAMDepartment6 FY 2007 FY 2008State Tables

  17. STATE OF WASHINGTON August

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection245C Unlimited ReleaseWelcome ton n u May 23,Complainant, V.STATE

  18. EIA - State Electricity Profiles

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0EFlorida Electricity ProfilePennsylvaniaTennesseeUnited States

  19. United States Government

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrinceton Plasma Physics Lab Unique PPPL-ledStates12 (02/06)

  20. United States Government

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrinceton Plasma Physics Lab Unique PPPL-ledStates12

  1. United States Government

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrinceton Plasma Physics Lab Unique PPPL-ledStates12 memorandum

  2. STATE OF NEVADA

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City, Arizona, DisposalFourthN V O 1 8B100B100WWNASCUBA80 ' , STATE OF

  3. Unied States Government

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City, Arizona,Site Operations Guide Doc.5 R A DUnied States Government

  4. United States Goveinment *

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City, Arizona,Site Operations Guide Doc.5 R A DUnied States

  5. Nevada State Energy Reduction Plan

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As mandated by the Nevada statutes, the Nevada Energy Office prepared a state energy reduction plan which requires state agencies, departments, and other entities in the Executive Branch to reduce...

  6. State Barriers to CHP Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittum, A.; Kaufman, N.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Every year, ACEEE collects data on regulatory policies in each state that theoretically serve to promote and discourage combined heat and power (CHP) development. In our annual State Energy Efficiency Scorecard (5), we assess the regulatory...

  7. psieepenn state institutes of energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Elizabeth W.

    by encouraging cooperation across disciplines and engaging the participation of local, state, federal, and international stakeholders. Land and Water Research Building The Pennsylvania State University University Park: Energy Efficient Buildings· Climate Science· Biomass Energy· Coupled Biogeochemical Cycles· Carbon

  8. Energy Standards for State Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The State is still required by statute to adopt planning and construction standards for state buildings that conserve energy and optimize the energy performance of new buildings. The standards mu...

  9. Deep Energy Retrofits & State Applications

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program (TAP), provides information on Deep Energy Retrofits & State Applications

  10. Oregon State University Magruder Hall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    in the Oregon Department of Energy State Energy Efficient Design (SEED) program. The result of the analysis

  11. FISHERY STATISTICS E UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SH 11 .A443X FISH FISHERY STATISTICS E UNITED STATES ^ 1951 &ch 3. \\§^ ^/'· m:^ STATISTICAL DIGEST. Farley, Director Statistical Digest 30 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1951 BY A. W. ANDERSON;Fishery Statistics of the United States and Alaska are compiled and published annually to make available

  12. Quantum universality by state distillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben W. Reichardt

    2009-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum universality can be achieved using classically controlled stabilizer operations and repeated preparation of certain ancilla states. Which ancilla states suffice for universality? This "magic states distillation" question is closely related to quantum fault tolerance. Lower bounds on the noise tolerable on the ancilla help give lower bounds on the tolerable noise rate threshold for fault-tolerant computation. Upper bounds show the limits of threshold upper-bound arguments based on the Gottesman-Knill theorem. We extend the range of single-qubit mixed states that are known to give universality, by using a simple parity-checking operation. For applications to proving threshold lower bounds, certain practical stability characteristics are often required, and we also show a stable distillation procedure. No distillation upper bounds are known beyond those given by the Gottesman-Knill theorem. One might ask whether distillation upper bounds reduce to upper bounds for single-qubit ancilla states. For multi-qubit pure states and previously considered two-qubit ancilla states, the answer is yes. However, we exhibit two-qubit mixed states that are not mixtures of stabilizer states, but for which every postselected stabilizer reduction from two qubits to one outputs a mixture of stabilizer states. Distilling such states would require true multi-qubit state distillation methods.

  13. Portland State University Identity Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Portland State University Identity Standards #12;3 Introduction 4 Key Messages 5 Identity Basics 8 for applying a consistent look, feel, voice, and tone for all Portland State University communications. Graphic identity standards enhance communication with our constituents. They distinguish Portland State from other

  14. DESIGN VERIFICATION WITH STATE INVARIANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekerinski, Emil

    . Transitions between states can assign to and depend on global variables of arbitrary types, thus lifting.1 Statechart with invariants for a TV set. Statecharts on their own do not immediately lead to opportunities to behavioural state machines and protocol state machines [18]. Consider the TV control example in Figure 1

  15. Penn State DOE GATE Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anstrom, Joel

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Program at The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) was established in October 1998 pursuant to an award from the U.S. Department of Energy (U.S. DOE). The focus area of the Penn State GATE Program is advanced energy storage systems for electric and hybrid vehicles.

  16. Advancing Michigan's State of Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Jennifer Jing

    Advancing Michigan's State of Knowledge GRADUATE E D U C AT I O N "To attract and grow quality jobs for Michigan's Economic Future: Jobs, Education and Protecting Families State of the State Address - 2009 Michigan Graduate Education Day Thursday, April 23, 2009 , Andrews University Aquinas College Baker College

  17. Boise State University Graduate Catalog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    for the State of Idaho and for you, the students, who enroll in its programs. Graduate education at Boise State. Boise State is located within the largest metropolitan area of Idaho and attracts more than one million, and for other education or allied agencies. Catalogs, bulletins, course and fee schedules, etc

  18. Optimal broadcasting of mixed states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dang Guifang; Fan Heng [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China)

    2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The N to M (M{>=}N) universal quantum broadcasting of mixed states {rho}{sup xN} is proposed for a qubit system. The broadcasting of mixed states is universal and optimal in the sense that the shrinking factor is independent of the input state and achieves the upper bound. The quantum broadcasting of mixed qubits is a generalization of the universal quantum cloning machine for identical pure input states. A pure state decomposition of the identical mixed qubits {rho}{sup xN} is obtained.

  19. Packaging of solid state devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Glidden, Steven C.; Sanders, Howard D.

    2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A package for one or more solid state devices in a single module that allows for operation at high voltage, high current, or both high voltage and high current. Low thermal resistance between the solid state devices and an exterior of the package and matched coefficient of thermal expansion between the solid state devices and the materials used in packaging enables high power operation. The solid state devices are soldered between two layers of ceramic with metal traces that interconnect the devices and external contacts. This approach provides a simple method for assembling and encapsulating high power solid state devices.

  20. Solid state rapid thermocycling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beer, Neil Reginald; Spadaccini, Christopher

    2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The rapid thermal cycling of a material is targeted. A solid state heat exchanger with a first well and second well is coupled to a power module. A thermoelectric element is coupled to the first well, the second well, and the power module, is configured to transfer thermal energy from the first well to the second well when current from the power module flows through the thermoelectric element in a first direction, and is configured to transfer thermal energy from the second well to the first well when current from the power module flows through the thermoelectric element in a second direction. A controller may be coupled to the thermoelectric elements, and may switch the direction of current flowing through the thermoelectric element in response to a determination by sensors coupled to the wells that the amount of thermal energy in the wells falls below or exceeds a pre-determined threshold.

  1. Fake state attack on practically decoy state quantum key distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yong-gang Tan

    2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, security of practically decoy state quantum key distribution under fake state attack is considered. If quantum key distribution is insecure under this type of attack, decoy sources can not also provide it with enough security. Strictly analysis shows that Eve should eavesdrop with the aid of photon-number-resolving instruments. In practical implementation of decoy state quantum key distribution where statistical fluctuation is considered, however, Eve can attack it successfully with threshold detectors.

  2. NREL: State and Local Governments - The Effect of State Policy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on the Development of Solar Markets NREL analysts use statistical analysis and detailed case studies to describe why solar market policies are more successful in some states than...

  3. State Energy Program Helps States Plan and Implement Energy Efficiency...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    to states and U.S. territories to promote energy conservation and reduce the growth of energy demand in ways that are consistent with national energy goals....

  4. Chimera states in bursting neurons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bidesh K. Bera; Dibakar Ghosh; M. Lakshmanan

    2015-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the existence of chimera states in pulse-coupled networks of bursting Hindmarsh-Rose neurons with nonlocal, global and local (nearest neighbor) couplings. Through a linear stability analysis, we discuss the behavior of stability function in the incoherent (i.e. disorder), coherent, chimera and multi-chimera states. Surprisingly, we find that chimera and multi-chimera states occur even using local nearest neighbor interaction in a network of identical bursting neurons alone. This is in contrast with the existence of chimera states in populations of nonlocally or globally coupled oscillators. A chemical synaptic coupling function is used which plays a key role in the emergence of chimera states in bursting neurons. Existence of chimera, multi-chimera, coherent and disordered states are confirmed by means of the recently introduced statistical measures.

  5. Quantum computing with mixed states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Siomau; Stephan Fritzsche

    2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss a model for quantum computing with initially mixed states. Although such a computer is known to be less powerful than a quantum computer operating with pure (entangled) states, it may efficiently solve some problems for which no efficient classical algorithms are known. We suggest a new implementation of quantum computation with initially mixed states in which an algorithm realization is achieved by means of optimal basis independent transformations of qubits.

  6. Quantum computing with mixed states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siomau, Michael

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss a model for quantum computing with initially mixed states. Although such a computer is known to be less powerful than a quantum computer operating with pure (entangled) states, it may efficiently solve some problems for which no efficient classical algorithms are known. We suggest a new implementation of quantum computation with initially mixed states in which an algorithm realization is achieved by means of optimal basis independent transformations of qubits.

  7. Transboundary aquifers: Southwestern states assess

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Mexico borders. The federally funded project, known as United States-Mexico Transboundary Aquifer Assessment, will provide a scientific foundation for state and local officials to address pressing water resources challenges in the United States... heavily on groundwater in aquifers. Municipal and other water users are increasing their use of groundwater, raising concerns about the long-term quality and availability of this supply, Michelsen said. ?Groundwater is the major and, in many areas...

  8. B States at the Tevatron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paulini, Manfred; /Carnegie Mellon U.

    2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The CDF and D0 experiments have produced a wealth of heavy flavor physics results since the beginning of RunII of the Fermilab Tevatron. They review recent measurements of B hadron states including excited B states (B**, B{sub s}**) and the B{sub c}{sup +} meson. They also summarize the discoveries of the {Sigma}{sub b} baryon states and the {Xi}{sub b}{sup -} baryon.

  9. Single electron states in polyethylene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Y. [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China) [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China); School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); MacKernan, D. [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland)] [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Cubero, D., E-mail: dcubero@us.es, E-mail: n.quirke@imperial.ac.uk [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China); Departmento de Física Aplicada I, Universidad de Sevilla, Calle Virgen de Africa 7, 41011 Seville (Spain); Coker, D. F. [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland) [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Department of Chemistry, Boston University, 590 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Quirke, N., E-mail: dcubero@us.es, E-mail: n.quirke@imperial.ac.uk [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China); Department of Chemistry, Imperial College, London SW7 2AY (United Kingdom)

    2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We report computer simulations of an excess electron in various structural motifs of polyethylene at room temperature, including lamellar and interfacial regions between amorphous and lamellae, as well as nanometre-sized voids. Electronic properties such as density of states, mobility edges, and mobilities are computed on the different phases using a block Lanczos algorithm. Our results suggest that the electronic density of states for a heterogeneous material can be approximated by summing the single phase density of states weighted by their corresponding volume fractions. Additionally, a quantitative connection between the localized states of the excess electron and the local atomic structure is presented.

  10. Increasing State Capacity Through Clans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Jr, Thomas Martin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, andstudy extends through Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistancause of state failure in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan due to

  11. START Program: 48 Contiguous States

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Overview fact sheet on the selected DOE Office of Indian Energy Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) projects in the 48 contiguous states.

  12. State coal profiles, January 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of State Coal Profiles is to provide basic information about the deposits, production, and use of coal in each of the 27 States with coal production in 1992. Although considerable information on coal has been published on a national level, there is a lack of a uniform overview for the individual States. This report is intended to help fill that gap and also to serve as a framework for more detailed studies. While focusing on coal output, State Coal Profiles shows that the coal-producing States are major users of coal, together accounting for about three-fourths of total US coal consumption in 1992. Each coal-producing State is profiled with a description of its coal deposits and a discussion of the development of its coal industry. Estimates of coal reserves in 1992 are categorized by mining method and sulfur content. Trends, patterns, and other information concerning production, number of mines, miners, productivity, mine price of coal, disposition, and consumption of coal are detailed in statistical tables for selected years from 1980 through 1992. In addition, coal`s contribution to the State`s estimated total energy consumption is given for 1991, the latest year for which data are available. A US summary of all data is provided for comparing individual States with the Nation as a whole. Sources of information are given at the end of the tables.

  13. Recovery Act State Memos Arizona

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the city is reviewing a facility's solarization study draft report from Arizona State University (ASU) conducted this summer by ASU on behalf of the city. * City of Tucson -...

  14. State Energy Overview. [Contains glossary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An overview of selected energy-related data for the United States, for each state, and for the District of Columbia is presented. Included are the quantities of energy produced and consumed, estimates of fuel reserves, the value of nonrenewable fuels produced by type, energy expenditures, and consumer prices. Also provided for each state are selected demographic and energy-related information that have been ranked and expressed as a percent of the national total. This overview provides a ready reference and a quick access to selected state energy information and state rankings for various socioeconomic and energy items. The State Energy Overview is arranged in five sections. The first section presents United States totals and an overview of state rankings. The second depicts data for the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The glossary presents definitions germane to this publication and the fourth section describes methodology and includes remarks concerning the information and methods used to estimate 1982 consumption numbers. The fifth section presents sources of data and information for this publication. A summary of each section is included.

  15. Fourier Transform Quantum State Tomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammadreza Mohammadi; Agata M. Branczyk; Daniel F. V. James

    2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a technique for performing quantum state tomography of photonic polarization-encoded multi-qubit states. Our method uses a single rotating wave plate, a polarizing beam splitter and two photon-counting detectors per photon mode. As the wave plate rotates, the photon counters measure a pseudo-continuous signal which is then Fourier transformed. The density matrix of the state is reconstructed using the relationship between the Fourier coefficients of the signal and the Stokes' parameters that represent the state. The experimental complexity, i.e. different wave plate rotation frequencies, scales linearly with the number of qubits.

  16. Coherent states on the circle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chadzitaskos, G; Tolar, J

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a possible construction of coherent states on the unit circle as configuration space. In our approach the phase space is the product Z x S^1. Because of the duality of canonical coordinates and momenta, i.e. the angular variable and the integers, this formulation can also be interpreted as coherent states over an infinite periodic chain. For the construction we use the analogy with our quantization over a finite periodic chain where the phase space was Z_M x Z_M. Properties of the coherent states constructed in this way are studied and the coherent states are shown to satisfy the resolution of unity.

  17. State DOT: PENNSYLVANIA State Report Questions on NDT Testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    capacity surveys, management of load restrictions, fatigue tests and compaction control. On concreteState DOT: PENNSYLVANIA State Report Questions on NDT Testing 1. What NDT testing methods for concrete materials, concrete pavements, and overlays are you trying? PennDOT performs Falling Weight

  18. State DOT: Missouri State Report Questions on NDT Testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    State DOT: Missouri State Report Questions on NDT Testing 1. What NDT testing methods for concrete maturity meter MoDOT has utilized the rebound hammer to evaluate in-place concrete when cylinder testing materials, concrete pavements, and overlays are you trying? a) Maturity Method b) Rebound Hammer c) Cover

  19. State DOT: California State Report Questions on NDT Testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    test for this purpose. For concrete pavement, California has used falling weight deflectometer (FWD locations within concrete pavement. 2. In your experience, how does the reliability of NDT testing methodsState DOT: California State Report Questions on NDT Testing 1. What NDT testing methods

  20. State DOT: Louisiana State Report Questions on NDT Testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    State DOT: Louisiana State Report Questions on NDT Testing 1. What NDT testing methods for concrete materials, concrete pavements, and overlays are you trying? LADOTD does not test concrete pavements or overlays non-destructively. We do use the surface resistivity meter for non-destructive testing

  1. CGISS -Boise State University CGISS -Boise State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Michaels, P., Use of Engineering Geophysics to Investigate a Site for a Bridge Founda- tion, in FoundationsCGISS - Boise State University CGISS - Boise State University Engineering Geophysics Down-hole engineering seismology at BSU is focused on the in situ measurement of soil proper- ties. Joint inversion

  2. E-Print Network 3.0 - aortic prosthesis implantation Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    cardiac pacing wires Yes No Artificial limb or joint Yes... No Implanted drug infusion device Yes No Body ... Source: Knutson, Brian - Departments of Psychology &...

  3. Systems Integration Margaret Taylor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    Arrival & Housing Coordinator Allen Dean Orientation and Student Programs Coordinator Emily Stokes Assistant Lois Knutson Academic Support Assistant Beth Kowal Enrollment Specialist Jenny Corey Director

  4. State Policies to Encourage Green Building Principles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    state green building policies, Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency, energy efficient building codes, energy efficient products

  5. State Energy Program awards $5 million to states for State Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to provide the state with yearly performance data on its energy efficiencydemand-side management programs. Michigan enabled a non-profit dedicated to making energy...

  6. Bell Pirie Power Corp. (PHL) Energy Island Bell Pirie Ltd. (UK)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    government service contract · Resource assessment · Feasibility study Must register with Securities

  7. Greater West Texas State Employee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    together we change lives Greater West Texas State Employee Charitable Campaign 2013 Annual Report of Transportation-Odessa Vickie Wilhite, Health and Human Services Commission Greater West Texas Local Campaign.ttuhsc.edu/relations/secc www.facebook.com/gwtsecc #12;2013 Top Greater West Texas State Agencies In Employee Participation 2013

  8. Energy Matters in Washington State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Energy Matters in Washington State Energy Matters in Washington State www.energy.wsu.edu/library/ November 2009 #12;905 Plum Street SE, Building 3 P.O. Box 43169 Olympia, Washington 98504-3169 Energy University Extension Energy Program. 905 Plum Street SE, Building 3, P.O. Box 43169, Olympia, Washington

  9. Bowling Green State University Institutional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Paul A.

    Bowling Green State University Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee Policy/Procedure Manual animal research at Bowling Green State University. Reading over the first three policies will provide #12;309A University Hall Bowling Green, OH 43403-0183 Phone 419-372-7716 Fax 419-372-6916 email hsrb

  10. OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY BURSAR'S OFFICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY BURSAR'S OFFICE RESTRICTED TITLE IV FUND PAYMENT Valid through July 31st, return form to: Oklahoma State University Office of the Bursar 113 Student Union Building Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 Your authorization may be rescinded at any time by sending a written cancellation request

  11. OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY ENERGY CONFERENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY ENERGY CONFERENCE Eighth Annual COX BUSINESS CONVENTION CENTER - OKLAHOMA CITY OKLAHOMA CITY - THURSDAY, MAY 1, 2014 "THE CHANGING LANDSCAPE OF NORTH AMERICAN ENERGY" Offered of Business at Oklahoma State University in cooperation with the Natural Gas and Energy Association

  12. OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY BURSAR'S OFFICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY BURSAR'S OFFICE RESTRICTED PLUS LOAN PAYMENT Valid through July 31st, return form to: Oklahoma State University Office of the Bursar 113 Student Union Building Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 Your authorization may be rescinded at any time by sending a written cancellation request

  13. State tomography via weak measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shengjun Wu

    2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent work has revealed that the wave function of a pure state can be measured directly and that complementary knowledge of a quantum system can be obtained simultaneously by weak measurements. However, the original scheme applies only to pure states, and it is not efficient because most of the data are discarded by post-selection. Here, we propose tomography schemes for pure states and for mixed states via weak measurements, and our schemes are more efficient because we do not discard any data. Furthermore, we demonstrate that any matrix element of a general state can be directly read from an appropriate weak measurement. The density matrix (with all of its elements) represents all that is directly accessible from a general measurement.

  14. State-to-state dynamics of molecular energy transfer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gentry, W.R.; Giese, C.F. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis (United States)

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this research program is to elucidate the elementary dynamical mechanisms of vibrational and rotational energy transfer between molecules, at a quantum-state resolved level of detail. Molecular beam techniques are used to isolate individual molecular collisions, and to control the kinetic energy of collision. Lasers are used both to prepare specific quantum states prior to collision by stimulated-emission pumping (SEP), and to measure the distribution of quantum states in the collision products by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF). The results are interpreted in terms of dynamical models, which may be cast in a classical, semiclassical or quantum mechanical framework, as appropriate.

  15. Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    PR Puerto Rico Total Sum City, County, and SEO Allocations All 33,977,000 PR Puerto Rico State Energy Office 9,593,500 PR Aguada City 189,700 PR Aguadilla City 662,900 PR...

  16. Tensor network states and geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Evenbly; G. Vidal

    2011-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Tensor network states are used to approximate ground states of local Hamiltonians on a lattice in D spatial dimensions. Different types of tensor network states can be seen to generate different geometries. Matrix product states (MPS) in D=1 dimensions, as well as projected entangled pair states (PEPS) in D>1 dimensions, reproduce the D-dimensional physical geometry of the lattice model; in contrast, the multi-scale entanglement renormalization ansatz (MERA) generates a (D+1)-dimensional holographic geometry. Here we focus on homogeneous tensor networks, where all the tensors in the network are copies of the same tensor, and argue that certain structural properties of the resulting many-body states are preconditioned by the geometry of the tensor network and are therefore largely independent of the choice of variational parameters. Indeed, the asymptotic decay of correlations in homogeneous MPS and MERA for D=1 systems is seen to be determined by the structure of geodesics in the physical and holographic geometries, respectively; whereas the asymptotic scaling of entanglement entropy is seen to always obey a simple boundary law -- that is, again in the relevant geometry. This geometrical interpretation offers a simple and unifying framework to understand the structural properties of, and helps clarify the relation between, different tensor network states. In addition, it has recently motivated the branching MERA, a generalization of the MERA capable of reproducing violations of the entropic boundary law in D>1 dimensions.

  17. Interference Channel with State Information 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Lili

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    with State Information. (August 2012) Lili Zhang, B.S., University of Science and Technology of China; M.S., University of Science and Technology of China Chair of Advisory Committee: Shuguang Cui In this dissertation, we study the state-dependent two... Fig. 2.: The interference channel with state information non-causally known at both transmitters. channel is assumed to be memoryless, i.e., p(yn1 , yn2 |xn1 , xn2 , sn) = n? i=1 p(y1i, y2i|x1i, x2i, si), where i is the element index for each...

  18. Chimera states in heterogeneous networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlo R. Laing

    2008-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Chimera states in networks of coupled oscillators occur when some fraction of the oscillators synchronise with one another, while the remaining oscillators are incoherent. Several groups have studied chimerae in networks of identical oscillators, but here we study these states in a heterogeneous model for which the natural frequencies of the oscillators are chosen from a distribution. We obtain exact results by reduction to a finite set of differential equations. We find that heterogeneity can destroy chimerae, destroy all states except chimerae, or destabilise chimerae in Hopf bifurcations, depending on the form of the heterogeneity.

  19. Magnetic Edge States in Graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabriela Murguia

    2010-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnetic confinement in graphene has been of recent and growing interest because its potential applications in nanotechnology. In particular, the observation of the so called magnetic edge states in graphene has opened the possibility to deepen into the generation of spin currents and its applications in spintronics. We study the magnetic edge states of quasi-particles arising in graphene monolayers due to an inhomogeneous magnetic field of a magnetic barrier in the formalism of the two-dimensional massless Dirac equation. We also show how the solutions of such states in each of both triangular sublattices of the graphene are related through a supersymmetric transformation in the quantum mechanical sense.

  20. NLS ground states on graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riccardo Adami; Enrico Serra; Paolo Tilli

    2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the existence of ground states for the subcritical NLS energy on metric graphs. In particular, we find out a topological assumption that guarantees the nonexistence of ground states, and give an example in which the assumption is not fulfilled and ground states actually exist. In order to obtain the result, we introduce a new rearrangement technique, adapted to the graph where it applies. Owing to such a technique, the energy level of the rearranged function is improved by conveniently mixing the symmetric and monotone rearrangement procedures.

  1. State Water Permit Regulation (Arkansas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    It is the purpose of this regulation to adopt standards applicable to the storage, discharge, or disposal of any waste which, if unregulated, will cause pollution of waters of the state or result...

  2. State Application Identifier Applicant Identifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahriar, Selim

    602081110 Ms. Susan G Ross 847-491-4800 OSR-Evanston@northwestern.edu 36-2167817 81.057 University Coal Research Your Title USA: UNITED STATES IL: Illinois O: Private Institution of Higher Education National

  3. Blind spots between quantum states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eduardo Zambrano; Alfredo M Ozorio de Almeida

    2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The overlap of a large quantum state with its image, under tiny translations, oscillates swiftly. We here show that complete orthogonality occurs generically at isolated points. Decoherence, in the Markovian approximation, lifts the correlation minima from zero much more quickly than the Wigner function is smoothed into a positive phase space distribution. In the case of a superposition of coherent states, blind spots depend strongly on positions and amplitudes of the components, but they are only weakly affected by relative phases and the various degrees and directions of squeezing. The blind spots for coherent state triplets are special in that they lie close to an hexagonal lattice: Further superpositions of translated triplets, specified by nodes of one of the sublattices, are quasi-orthogonal to the original triplet and to any state, likewise constructed on the other sublattice.

  4. Measurement enhancement for state estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jian

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    in the power system. A robust state estimation should have the capability of keeping the system observable during different contingencies, as well as detecting and identifying the gross errors in measurement set and network topology. However, this capability...

  5. INTERNSHIP HANDBOOK Montana State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    INTERNSHIP HANDBOOK Montana State University Counseling Program 2014-2015 #12;2 TABLE OF CONTENTS..........................................................................................................................................4 INTERNSHIP ASSIGNMENT TO YOUR PLACEMENT SITES........................................................................................5 APPLICATION TO INTERNSHIP SITES INTERNSHIP AT PLACE OF EMPLOYMENT OTHER IMPORTANT INFORMATION

  6. State Buildings Energy Reduction Plan

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Governor of Virginia signed Executive Order 82, "Greening of State Government" in June 2009 as part of the greater RENEW VIRGINIA Initiative. This Order builds upon [http://www.lva.virginia.gov...

  7. Montana State University 1 Biotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Montana State University 1 Biotechnology Note: MSU's programs in the biological sciences options see Biological Sciences at MSU. Biotechnology Modern research in cellular and molecular biology urgent problems in human and animal health, agriculture, and environmental quality. The emerging

  8. State Support of Domestic Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amy Wright

    2007-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This project was developed in response to a cooperative agreement offering by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) under the State Support of Domestic Production DE-FC26-04NT15456. The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) performed efforts in support of State programs related to the security, reliability and growth if our nation's domestic production of oil and natural gas. The project objectives were to improve the States ability to monitor the security of oil and gas operations; to maximize the production of domestic oil and natural gas thereby minimizing the threat to national security posed by interruptions in energy imports; to assist States in developing and maintaining high standards of environmental protection; to assist in addressing issues that limit the capacity of the industry; to promote the deployment of the appropriate application of technology for regulatory efficiency; and to inform the public about emerging energy issues.

  9. Leasing of State Property (Indiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation authorizes the Indiana Department of Natural Resources to lease public lands. State-owned land that is under the management and control of the department may be leased to a local...

  10. Quantum state fusion in photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiara Vitelli; Nicolò Spagnolo; Lorenzo Aparo; Fabio Sciarrino; Enrico Santamato; Lorenzo Marrucci

    2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Photons are the ideal carriers of quantum information for communication. Each photon can have a single qubit or even multiple qubits encoded in its internal quantum state, as defined by optical degrees of freedom such as polarization, wavelength, transverse modes, etc. Here, we propose and experimentally demonstrate a physical process, named "quantum state fusion", in which the two-dimensional quantum states (qubits) of two input photons are combined into a single output photon, within a four-dimensional quantum space. The inverse process is also proposed, in which the four-dimensional quantum state of a single photon is split into two photons, each carrying a qubit. Both processes can be iterated, and hence may be used to bridge multi-particle protocols of quantum information with the multi-degree-of-freedom ones, with possible applications in quantum communication networks.

  11. Maps of Selected State Subdivisions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves Summary Maps of Selected State Subdivisions Map 1: Alaska Map 2: California Map 3: Louisiana Map 4: New Mexico Map...

  12. EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION Montana State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION Montana State University Central Agricultural Research Center 52583 US employed by any other department on campus? Yes No If so, which department? LOCAL ADDRESS;EMPLOYMENT HISTORY (begin with most recent) Employer: Employer: Supervisor: Supervisor: Address: Address

  13. A Stateful Web Augmentation Toolkit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webber, Matthew J. (Matthew James)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis introduces the Stateful Web Augmentation Toolkit (SWAT), a toolkit that gives users control over the presentation and functionality of web content. SWAT extends Chickenfoot, a Firefox browser scripting environment ...

  14. Riparian Rights: State Land (Indiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The state reserves the power to sell, transfer, and convey, as provided by law, rights-of-way in public land for several purposes, including pipelines, gas pipelines, water pipelines, sewer lines,...

  15. Recovery Act State Memos Illinois

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (CM) 3 2 16.4 State and Local Energy Assurance and Regulatory Assistance (F) 5 3.1 Smart Grid Workforce Training (CM) 2 7.5 TOTAL Electric Grid 9 27.0 Transportation Clean...

  16. Recovery Act State Memos Michigan

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (CM) 3 3 108.2 State and Local Energy Assurance and Regulatory Assistance (F) 4 2.4 Smart Grid Workforce Training (CM) 2 5.1 TOTAL Electric Grid 9 115.7 Transportation...

  17. Energy Efficiency in State Facilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In April 2005 Iowa governor Tom Vilsack issued Executive Order No. 41, directing state agencies to reduce electricity and natural gas use in buildings by an average of 15% by 2010, relative to th...

  18. State of the Lab 2012

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    King, Alex

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ames Laboratory Director Alex King delivers the annual State of the Lab address on Thursday, May 17, 2012, the 65th Anniversary of the founding of The Ames Laboratory. This video contains highlights from the address.

  19. Physical transformations between quantum states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zejun Huang; Chi-Kwong Li; Edward Poon; Nung-Sing Sze

    2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Given two sets of quantum states {A_1, ..., A_k} and {B_1, ..., B_k}, represented as sets of density matrices, necessary and sufficient conditions are obtained for the existence of a physical transformation T, represented as a trace-preserving completely positive map, such that T(A_i) = B_i for i = 1, ..., k. General completely positive maps without the trace-preserving requirement, and unital completely positive maps transforming the states are also considered.

  20. Quantum state of the multiverse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvador Robles-Perez; Pedro F. Gonzalez-Diaz

    2011-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A third quantization formalism is applied to a simplified multiverse scenario. A well defined quantum state of the multiverse is obtained which agrees with standard boundary condition proposals. These states are found to be squeezed, and related to accelerating universes: they share similar properties to those obtained previously by Grishchuk and Siderov. We also comment on related works that have criticized the third quantization approach.

  1. Quantum state of the multiverse

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robles-Perez, Salvador; Gonzalez-Diaz, Pedro F. [Colina de los Chopos, Centro de Fisica 'Miguel Catalan', Instituto de Fisica Fundamental, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Serrano 121, 28006 Madrid (Spain) and Estacion Ecologica de Biocosmologia, Pedro de Alvarado, 14, 06411 Medellin (Spain)

    2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A third quantization formalism is applied to a simplified multiverse scenario. A well-defined quantum state of the multiverse is obtained which agrees with standard boundary condition proposals. These states are found to be squeezed, and related to accelerating universes: they share similar properties to those obtained previously by Grishchuk and Siderov. We also comment on related works that have criticized the third quantization approach.

  2. NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    FACT SHEET For NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION Draft New York State Conservation Law #12;New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Draft New York State Pollutant-0-09-001) FACT SHEET Introduction The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation ("the

  3. State electricity profiles, March 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Due to the role electricity plays in the Nation`s economic and social well-being, interested parties have been following the electric power industry`s transition by keeping abreast of the restructuring and deregulation events that are taking place almost daily. Much of the attention centers around the States and how they are restructuring the business of electricity supply within their respective jurisdictions. This report is designed to profile each State and the District of Columbia regarding not only their current restructuring activities, but also their electricity generation and concomitant statistics from 1986 through 1996. Included are data on a number of subject areas including generating capability, generation, revenues, fuel use, capacity factor for nuclear plants, retail sales, and pollutant emissions. Although the Energy Information Administration (EIA) publishes this type of information, there is a lack of a uniform overview for each individual State. This report is intended to help fill that gap and also to serve as a framework for more detailed studies. In addition to basic statistics in tables and graphs, a textual section is provided for each State, discussing some of the points relative to electricity production that are noteworthy in, or unique to, that particular State. Also, each State is ranked according to the place it holds, as compared to the rest of the states, in various relevant areas, such as its average price of electricity per kilowatthour, its population, and its emissions of certain atmospheric pollutants. The final chapter covers the Nation as a whole. 451 figs., 520 tabs.

  4. Product-state Approximations to Quantum Ground States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernando G. S. L. Brandão; Aram W. Harrow

    2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The local Hamiltonian problem consists of estimating the ground-state energy (given by the minimum eigenvalue) of a local quantum Hamiltonian. First, we show the existence of a good product-state approximation for the ground-state energy of 2-local Hamiltonians with one or more of the following properties: (1) high degree, (2) small expansion, or (3) a ground state with sublinear entanglement with respect to some partition into small pieces. The approximation based on degree is a surprising difference between quantum Hamiltonians and classical CSPs (constraint satisfaction problems), since in the classical setting, higher degree is usually associated with harder CSPs. The approximation based on low entanglement, in turn, was previously known only in the regime where the entanglement was close to zero. Since the existence of a low-energy product state can be checked in NP, the result implies that any Hamiltonian used for a quantum PCP theorem should have: (1) constant degree, (2) constant expansion, (3) a "volume law" for entanglement with respect to any partition into small parts. Second, we show that in several cases, good product-state approximations not only exist, but can be found in polynomial time: (1) 2-local Hamiltonians on any planar graph, solving an open problem of Bansal, Bravyi, and Terhal, (2) dense k-local Hamiltonians for any constant k, solving an open problem of Gharibian and Kempe, and (3) 2-local Hamiltonians on graphs with low threshold rank, via a quantum generalization of a recent result of Barak, Raghavendra and Steurer. Our work introduces two new tools which may be of independent interest. First, we prove a new quantum version of the de Finetti theorem which does not require the usual assumption of symmetry. Second, we describe a way to analyze the application of the Lasserre/Parrilo SDP hierarchy to local quantum Hamiltonians.

  5. Remote-State Prparation eines einzelnen Atoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinfurter, Harald

    Remote-State Präparation eines einzelnen Atoms Diplomarbeit am Department für Physik der Ludwig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1.3.3 Remote-State-Präparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.3.4 Zusammenfassung . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 3 Remote-State-Präparation 31 3.1 Einleitung

  6. MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIAN PERSONNEL HANDBOOK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SECTION I MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIAN PERSONNEL HANDBOOK OF POLICIES, PROCEDURES, AND PRACTICES _____________________________ SECTION II MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY FACULTY BYLAWS AND APPENDICES SEPTEMBER 2012 Revised January 2013, March 2013, April 2013 #12;Michigan State University

  7. Linearized theory of peridynamic states.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silling, Stewart Andrew

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A state-based peridynamic material model describes internal forces acting on a point in terms of the collective deformation of all the material within a neighborhood of the point. In this paper, the response of a state-based peridynamic material is investigated for a small deformation superposed on a large deformation. The appropriate notion of a small deformation restricts the relative displacement between points, but it does not involve the deformation gradient (which would be undefined on a crack). The material properties that govern the linearized material response are expressed in terms of a new quantity called the modulus state. This determines the force in each bond resulting from an incremental deformation of itself or of other bonds. Conditions are derived for a linearized material model to be elastic, objective, and to satisfy balance of angular momentum. If the material is elastic, then the modulus state is obtainable from the second Frechet derivative of the strain energy density function. The equation of equilibrium with a linearized material model is a linear Fredholm integral equation of the second kind. An analogue of Poincare's theorem is proved that applies to the infinite dimensional space of all peridynamic vector states, providing a condition similar to irrotationality in vector calculus.

  8. Typical Pure Nonequilibrium Steady States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takaaki Monnai; Kazuya Yuasa

    2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that typicality holds for a class of nonequilibrium systems, i.e., nonequilibrium steady states (NESSs): almost all the pure states properly sampled from a certain Hilbert space well represent a NESS and characterize its intrinsic thermal nature. We clarify the relevant Hilbert space from which the pure states are to be sampled, and construct practically all the typical pure NESSs. The scattering approach leads us to the natural extension of the typicality for equilibrium systems. Each pure NESS correctly yields the expectation values of observables given by the standard ensemble approach. It means that we can calculate the expectation values in a NESS with only a single pure NESS. We provide an explicit construction of the typical pure NESS for a model with two reservoirs, and see that it correctly reproduces the Landauer-type formula for the current flowing steadily between the reservoirs.

  9. Subgap states in disordered superconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skvortsov, M. A., E-mail: skvor@itp.ac.ru; Feigel'man, M. V., E-mail: feigel@landau.ac.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics (Russian Federation)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We revise the problem of the density of states in disordered superconductors. Randomness of local sample characteristics translates to the quenched spatial inhomogeneity of the spectral gap, smearing the BCS coherence peak. We show that various microscopic models of potential and magnetic disorder can be reduced to a universal phenomenological random order parameter model, whereas the details of the microscopic description are encoded in the correlation function of the order parameter fluctuations. The resulting form of the density of states is generally described by two parameters: the width {Gamma} measuring the broadening of the BCS peak and the energy scale {Gamma}{sub tail} that controls the exponential decay of the density of subgap states. We refine the existing instanton approaches for determination of {Gamma}{sub tail} and show that they appear as limiting cases of a unified theory of optimal fluctuations in a nonlinear system. The application to various types of disorder is discussed.

  10. Alternative Energy in New State Construction

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Texas requires state government departments to compare the cost of providing energy alternatives for new and reconstructed state government buildings and for certain construction or repair to...

  11. The Energy Audit Process & State Applications

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The Energy Audit Process & State Applications May 23 rd , 2013 DOE's State and Local Technical Assistance Program 2 DOE's Technical Assistance Program * Strategic Energy Planning *...

  12. State Facilities Energy Conservation Program (Oklahoma)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2012, Senate Bill 1096 (SB1096), established the Oklahoma State Facilities Energy Conservation Program. The program directs all state agencies and higher education institutions to achieve an...

  13. Iowa State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the State Energy Plan under the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 and the State Energy Efficiency Programs Improvement Act of 1990 (SEP); and the Weatherization...

  14. New Hampshire State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the State Energy Plan under the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 and the State Energy Efficiency Programs Improvement Act of 1990 (SEP); and the Weatherization...

  15. South Carolina State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    State Ellergy Plan under the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1915 and the State Energy Efficiency Programs Improvement Act of 1990 (SEP); and tlte Weatherizatioll...

  16. Federal / State Legislative & Regulatory Changes Required for...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Issues Federal and State Blending Restrictions Action by ASTM NCWM to address higher ethanol blends Federal State Legislative & Regulatory Changes Required for Introduction of...

  17. Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- State geothermal commercialization...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    State geothermal commercialization programs in seven Rocky Mountain states. Semiannual progress report, July-December 1980 Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site...

  18. Accelerating CHP Deployment, United States Energy Association...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Accelerating CHP Deployment, United States Energy Association (USEA), August 2011 Accelerating CHP Deployment, United States Energy Association (USEA), August 2011 The United...

  19. Industrial Energy Efficiency: Designing Effective State Programs...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Industrial Energy Efficiency: Designing Effective State Programs for the Industrial Sector Industrial Energy Efficiency: Designing Effective State Programs for the Industrial...

  20. The State and income inequality in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medeiros, Marcelo; Souza, Pedro H.G.F.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. Welfare states and inequality: Institutional designs andMexico: Impacts upon Inequality. Estudios Económicos. 2009;S. Remittances and Inequality. The Economic The State and

  1. Interstate Mining Compact Commission (multi-state)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Interstate Mining Compact is a multi-state governmental agency / organization that represents the natural resource and related environmental protection interests of its member states. Currently...

  2. Midwest Renewable Energy Tracking System (Multiple States)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Midwest Renewable Energy Tracking System (M-RETS®) tracks renewable energy generation in participating States and Provinces and assists in verifying compliance with individual state/provincial...

  3. Administration of State Universities State Board of Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lajeunesse, Marc J.

    GWENDOLYN F. McLIN Okahumpka J.COLLIERMERRILL Pensacola JON C. MOYLE West Palm Beach ASHLEY B. MOODY StudentRegent STEVENJ.UHLFELDER Tallahassee WELCOM H. WATSON FortLauderdale State Board of Regent THOMAS F. PETWAY, III Assistant to the President PATRICK RIORDAN Assistant to the President LORI RUSE Director, Athletics

  4. Finite State Machine State Assignment for Area and Power Minimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Maleh, Aiman H.

    and Faisal Nawaz Khan Department of Computer Engineering King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Saudi savings by extracting common subexpressions has been the focus of most of the work done for multilevel FSM optimization. This involves finding pairs of states that when encoded can result in extraction of common

  5. Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    NY New York Total Sum City, County, and SEO Allocations All 175,122,300 NY New York State Energy Office 29,760,600 NY Albany City 1,104,000 NY Amherst City 1,052,700 NY Babylon...

  6. 2012 Boise State University 1 The State of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    -Holmes, Dean, Albertsons Library · James Anderson, Associate Vice President, Enrollment Services · Greg Hahn Planning & Facilities · Dean Kennedy, Director of Housing and Residence Life · Larry Harmon, Director, Director, Academic Advising and Enhancement · Chris Anton, COO, Boise State University Foundation · Corey

  7. State of the Climate 2014: References | 1 State of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    .bom.gov.au/state-of-the-climate/2014 References and data GENERAL Braganza, K., Power, S., Trewin, B., Arblaster, J., Timbal, B., Hope Report No. 036. Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research, Canberra, Australia. 106pp. Bo of Meteorology (2007). Climate change in Australia. Technical Report. www.climatechangeinaustralia.gov.au CSIRO

  8. Solid-state lithium battery

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ihlefeld, Jon; Clem, Paul G; Edney, Cynthia; Ingersoll, David; Nagasubramanian, Ganesan; Fenton, Kyle Ross

    2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is directed to a higher power, thin film lithium-ion electrolyte on a metallic substrate, enabling mass-produced solid-state lithium batteries. High-temperature thermodynamic equilibrium processing enables co-firing of oxides and base metals, providing a means to integrate the crystalline, lithium-stable, fast lithium-ion conductor lanthanum lithium tantalate (La.sub.1/3-xLi.sub.3xTaO.sub.3) directly with a thin metal foil current collector appropriate for a lithium-free solid-state battery.

  9. Portland State University Shattuck Hall

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Portland, OR Portland State's Shattuck hall was originally constructed as an elementary school in 1915. In 2007 the university undertook extensive renovations of the building to bring it up to current seismic requirements. In addition to structural improvements, the design team was able to upgraded the building's aging mechanical and electrical systems, upgrade plumbing, and restore the large light wells that bring daylight into the U-shaped building. The resulting building houses Portland State's Architecture department, where students are able to learn from the exposed building systems.

  10. Fermilab Today | Oklahoma State University

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist. CategoryFebruaryFebruaryInThe,Michigan StateOklahoma State

  11. State of Ohio Approval Policy

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageStationGreenhouse GasCalifornia State0ButtonWebA1:STATE OF

  12. Created to Serve: Colorado State University's Impact on the State's Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Steven

    Created to Serve: Colorado State University's Impact on the State's Economy #12;2 Created to Serve: Created to Serve: Colorado State University's Impact on the State's Economy All data, research's Impact on the State's Economy Message from the President Colorado State, as a land-grant university

  13. Study of the K+ pi+ pi- Final State in B+ -> J/psi K+ pi+ pi- and B+ -> psi-prime K+ pi+ pi-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Guler et al.

    2011-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Using 535 x 10^6 B-meson pairs collected by the Belle detector at the KEKB e+ e- collider, we measure branching fractions of (7.16 +/- 0.10(stat) +/- 0.60(syst)) x 10^-4 for B+ -> J/psi K+ pi+ pi- and (4.31 +/- 0.20(stat) +/- 0.50(syst)) x 10^-4 for B+ -> psi-prime K+ pi+ pi-. We perform amplitude analyses to determine the resonant structure of the K+ pi+ pi- final state in B+ -> J/psi K+ pi+ pi- and B+ -> psi-prime K+ pi+ pi- and find that the K_1(1270) is a prominent component of both decay modes. There is significant interference among the different intermediate states, which leads, in particular, to a striking distortion of the rho line shape due to the omega. Based on the results of the fit to the B+ -> J/psi K+ pi+ pi- data, the relative decay fractions of the K_1(1270) to K rho, K omega, and K^*(892) pi are consistent with previous measurements, but the decay fraction to K_0^*(1430) is significantly smaller. Finally, by floating the mass and width of the K_1(1270) in an additional fit of the B+ -> J/psi K+ pi+ pi- data, we measure a mass of (1248.1 +/- 3.3(stat) +/- 1.4(syst)) MeV/c^2 and a width of (119.5 +/- 5.2(stat) +/- 6.7(syst)) MeV/c^2 for the K_1(1270).

  14. Boise State University Student Handbook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    with students to provide vital services, resources, and learning opportunities preparing them for work and life is · Focused first on every student's growth and development · Civic minded and passionate about fostering dBoise State University Student Handbook 2013 - 2014 Updated 8/20/2013 #12;Table of Contents Section

  15. Boise State University Student Handbook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    with students to provide vital services, resources, and learning opportunities preparing them for work and life is · Focused first on every student's growth and development · Civic minded and passionate about fosteringBoise State University Student Handbook Updated 8/20/2013 #12;Table of Contents Section 1 (page 3

  16. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, RISK MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT January 2008 OFFICE OF UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT CP-320 714-278-7346 #12;2006 ­ 2007 Risk Management Annual Report Page 2 I. Executive Summary A. Program Cost One method to assess the effectiveness of the University's risk management

  17. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, RISK MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH & INSTRUCTIONAL SAFETY 2009 ANNUAL REPORTS #12;2009 Annual Report Page 2 RISK MANAGEMENT I. Program Cost One method to assess the effectiveness of the University's risk management program is to compare the annual cost

  18. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, RISK MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT November 2006 OFFICE OF UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT LH-806C 714-278-7346 #12;2005 ­ 2006 Risk Management Annual Report Page 2 I. Executive Summary A. Program Cost One method to assess the effectiveness of the University's risk management

  19. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, RISK MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT 2003-04 ANNUAL REPORT OFFICE OF UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT #12;2 I. Introduction "Of course you have to go out on a limb sometimes, that's where the best outcome in a changing environment, is the essence of risk management.3 This Report was developed

  20. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, RISK MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT ANNUAL REPORT November 2005 OFFICE OF UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT LH-806C 714-278-7346 #12;2004 ­ 2005 Risk Management Annual Report Page 2 I. Introduction The Office of University Risk Management provides resources, advice and training that allow

  1. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, RISK MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT 2010 ANNUAL REPORT #12;2010 Annual Report Page 2 I. Program Cost One method to assess the effectiveness of the University's risk management,538 $ 197,196 TOTAL Risk Management Costs $ 4,675,390 $ 4,541,975 $ 3,764,749 $ 3,703,959 $ 4

  2. State of the Lab Address

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    King, Alex

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In his third-annual State of the Lab address, Ames Laboratory Director Alex King called the past year one of "quiet but strong progress" and called for Ames Laboratory to continue to build on its strengths while responding to changing expectations for energy research.

  3. Staunton State Park Biological Inventory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staunton State Park Biological Inventory Prepared by: Susan Spackman, David Anderson, Jeremy Biological Inventory Prepared by: Susan Spackman, David Anderson, Jeremy Siemers, Phyllis Pineda, and Jill. The information management staff with CNHP was responsible for integrating the data resulting from the inventory

  4. Efficient Power System State Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lavaei, Javad

    monitoring of power systems. 2. Background Power systems have four main components: transmission, sub-transmissionEfficient Power System State Estimation Zafirah Baksh Expected BS, Department of Electrical Engineering May 2013 ELEN E4511 Power Systems Analysis Professor Javad Lavaeiyanesi #12;1. Introduction Power

  5. Topological Surface States of Antimony

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petta, Jason

    of the sample and keeping the tunneling current constant, one can obtain a topography of the surface (it~ | | ~ a) Topography of Cu(111) surface b) FT of the g-map c) Sketch of Brillouin Zone L. Petersen et alTopological Surface States of Antimony Masih Mehdizadeh 10.08.2012 #12;Outline Introduction

  6. Quantum learning of coherent states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gael Sentís; Madalin Guta; Gerardo Adesso

    2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop a quantum learning scheme for binary discrimination of coherent states of light. This is a problem of technological relevance for the reading of information stored in a digital memory. In our setting, a coherent light source is used to illuminate a memory cell and retrieve its encoded bit by determining the quantum state of the reflected signal. We consider a situation where the amplitude of the states produced by the source is not fully known, but instead this information is encoded in a large training set comprising many copies of the same coherent state. We show that an optimal global measurement, performed jointly over the signal and the training set, provides higher successful identification rates than any learning strategy based on first estimating the unknown amplitude by means of Gaussian measurements on the training set, followed by an adaptive discrimination procedure on the signal. By considering a simplified variant of the problem, we argue that this is the case even for non-Gaussian estimation measurements. Our results show that, even in absence of entanglement, collective quantum measurements yield an enhancement in the readout of classical information, which is particularly relevant in the operating regime of low-energy signals.

  7. Montana State University 1 Geospatial &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Montana State University 1 Geospatial & Environmental Analysis Option Freshman Year (equiv to 270) GPHY 357 - GPS Fund/App in Mapping 3 GPHY 384 - Adv GIS and Spatial Analysis 3 University GIS & Spatial Analysis 3 Choose one of the following: 3 NRSM 430 - Natural Resource Law PSCI 362

  8. State of Colorado Wildfire Hazard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    State of Colorado Wildfire Hazard Mitigation Plan Colorado Multi-Hazards Mitigation Plan July 2002 and importance of the August 1995 Wildfire Hazard Mitigation Plan and its predecessors as foundation documents on which to build and judge progress in wildfire hazard mitigation. The text version of the 1995 Plan

  9. Interference Channel with State Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Lili

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    the state is additive and symmetric at both receivers, we study both strong and weak interference scenarios and characterize the theoretical gap between the achievable symmetric rate and the upper bound, which is shown to be less than 1/4 bit for the strong...

  10. CALIFORNIA ENERGY CALIFORNIA'S STATE ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CALIFORNIA'S STATE ENERGY EFFICIENT APPLIANCE REBATE PROGRAM INITIAL November 2009 CEC-400-2009-026-CMD Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor #12;#12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Program Manager Paula David Supervisor Appliance and Process Energy Office Valerie T. Hall Deputy Director

  11. EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION Montana State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION Montana State University Western Triangle Ag Research Center 9546 Old Shelby employed by any other department on campus? Yes No If so, which department? Availability (Check those which) 1 2 3 4 College Major: EMPLOYMENT HISTORY (begin with most recent) Employer: Employer: Supervisor

  12. STATE OF CALIFORNIA RESIDENTIAL LIGHTING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA RESIDENTIAL LIGHTING CEC-CF-6R-LTG-01 (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CF-6R-LTG-01 Residential Lighting (Page 1 of 6) Site Address: Enforcement Agency: Permit Number: 2008 Residential Compliance Forms August 2009 1. Kitchen Lighting Does project

  13. Scrap tires: STATEing the facts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dabaie, M.

    1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Starting with a piece of Minnesota legislation passed in 1984, state governments have spent the last 10 years attempting to clean up and find markets for decades worth of stockpiled tires, as well as the millions more generated each year. The US EPA estimates that 242 million scrap tires were generated in the US in 1990 alone. Of these, an alarming 188 million were disposed of illegally. At least 34 states have bans on the landfilling of whole, and in some cases even shredded, tires. Last year, 37 states considered scrap-tire-related bills, most of which were amendments to earlier legislation. Among the scrap tire legislation passed in the past year are comprehensive laws in Ohio and Colorado, including fees for the disposal of tires, most of which are paid by the consumer. Fees were increased in North Carolina and Texas, and a $2-per-tire fee was begun in Connecticut, while hauler registration requirements were enacted in California. This article discusses what five states are doing with the management of scrap tires. They are: Minnesota; Wisconsin; Texas; Oklahoma; and Illinois.

  14. UNITED STATES NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNITED STATES NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION OFFICE OF NUCLEAR MATERIAL SAFETY AND SAFEGUARDS ON RADIATION THERAPY OVEREXPOSURES IN PANAMA Addressees All medical licensees. Purpose The U.S. Nuclear persons in your institution who are involved with radiation therapy should review this notice

  15. States of Matter Deepak Dhar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

    - logical classification of different animal species) or some mixture of these (e.g. books in a library answer in this case is that states of matter is a classification scheme, like filing cabinets classification schemes could be alphabetical (e.g. in a dictionary), or based on some common properties ( zoo

  16. STATE OF CALIFORNIA RESIDENTIAL ADDITIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA RESIDENTIAL ADDITIONS CEC- CF-1R ADD (Revised 03/10) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Prescriptive Certificate of Compliance: CF-1R ADD Residential Additions (Page 1 of 8) Site Address Orientation: N, E, S, W or Degrees ________ Conditioned Floor Area of Addition (CFA): New Addition Size: Less

  17. Gerd Kortemeyer Michigan State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LON-CAPA Gerd Kortemeyer Michigan State University January 2008 #12;LON-CAPA · Course Management Management: Use same material in different courses Universities can share online content #12;Online Content · Growth of shared content pool #12;Open Source, Free · No licensing cost · Universities can

  18. Inventory of state energy models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melcher, A.G.; Gist, R.L.; Underwood, R.G.; Weber, J.C.

    1980-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    These models address a variety of purposes, such as supply or demand of energy or of certain types of energy, emergency management of energy, conservation in end uses of energy, and economic factors. Fifty-one models are briefly described as to: purpose; energy system; applications;status; validation; outputs by sector, energy type, economic and physical units, geographic area, and time frame; structure and modeling techniques; submodels; working assumptions; inputs; data sources; related models; costs; references; and contacts. Discussions in the report include: project purposes and methods of research, state energy modeling in general, model types and terminology, and Federal legislation to which state modeling is relevant. Also, a state-by-state listing of modeling efforts is provided and other model inventories are identified. The report includes a brief encylopedia of terms used in energy models. It is assumed that many readers of the report will not be experienced in the technical aspects of modeling. The project was accomplished by telephone conversations and document review by a team from the Colorado School of Mines Research Institute and the faculty of the Colorado School of Mines. A Technical Committee (listed in the report) provided advice during the course of the project.

  19. STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MEETING STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION In the Matter of ) ) California Clean Energy Jobs by the voters in November of last year, and it's known as the clean energy -- or California Clean Energy Jobs in the areas of energy efficiency and clean energy jobs in California. We want to see schools leveraging

  20. State Regulatory Oversight of Geothermal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    State Regulatory Oversight of Geothermal Heat Pump Installations: 2012 Kevin McCray Executive of this project was to update previous research accomplished by the Geothermal Heat Pump Consortium (GHPC of ground-source heat pump (GSHP) systems. The work was to provide insight into existing and anticipated

  1. 2014 State of Western's Assets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this report we document the State of Western’s Assets in terms of physical equipment, financial resources, strategic direction, and human capital, both at the organizational and regional levels. We identify the condition of our assets today and share what work we will be doing in these areas in the coming years.

  2. Solid-state radioluminescent compositions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Clough, Roger L. (Albuquerque, NM); Gill, John T. (Miamisburg, OH); Hawkins, Daniel B. (Fairbanks, AK); Renschler, Clifford L. (Tijeras, NM); Shepodd, Timothy J. (Livermore, CA); Smith, Henry M. (Overland Park, KS)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A solid state radioluminescent composition for light source comprises an optically clear polymer organic matrix containing tritiated organic materials and dyes capable of "red" shifting primary scintillation emissions from the polymer matrix. The tritiated organic materials are made by reducing, with tritium, an unsaturated organic compound that prior to reduction contains olefinic or alkynylic bonds.

  3. STATE OF CALIFORNIA WPRS INSTRUCTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA WPRS INSTRUCTIONS ued 12/13) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION(Iss Wind Performance performance information and wind power purchasing information provided to the Energy Commission has been analyses including the commission's biennial Integrated Energy Policy Report. Authority: California Code

  4. EM Engages Students, Professionals in Popular Conference Focused...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    and Corporate Services Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary Melody Bell talks with Michigan State University engineering student Harold Hill at the BEYA conference. EM's Human...

  5. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Div,, . FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1961 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 54 UNITED STATES, Donald L. MeKernan, Director STATISTICAL DIGEST 54 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1961 BY E. A, Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $2 (paper cover) #12;Fishery statistics of the United States are compiled

  6. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1945 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO, 18 United States Dejtartment. Krug, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Albert M. Day, Director Statistical Digest 18 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1945 BY A. W. ANDERSON and E. A. POWER UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING

  7. Programmable quantum state discriminators with simple programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janos A. Bergou; Vladimir Buzek; Edgar Feldman; Ulrike Herzog; Mark Hillery

    2006-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a class of programmable devices that can discriminate between two quantum states. We consider two cases. In the first, both states are unknown. One copy of each of the unknown states is provided as input, or program, for the two program registers, and the data state, which is guaranteed to be prepared in one of the program states, is fed into the data register of the device. This device will then tell us, in an optimal way, which of the templates stored in the program registers the data state matches. In the second case, we know one of the states while the other is unknown. One copy of the unknown state is fed into the single program register, and the data state which is guaranteed to be prepared in either the program state or the known state, is fed into the data register. The device will then tell us, again optimally, whether the data state matches the template or is the known state. We determine two types of optimal devices. The first performs discrimination with minimum error, the second performs optimal unambiguous discrimination. In all cases we first treat the simpler problem of only one copy of the data state and then generalize the treatment to n copies. In comparison to other works we find that providing n > 1 copies of the data state yields higher success probabilities than providing n > 1 copies of the program states.

  8. TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY Department of Public Safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY Department of Public Safety REIMBURSEMENT FORM for State Fleet Vehicles If an individual has to pay for gas or service to a State Fleet Vehicle rather than being able to use the assigned: ____________________________________________________ Destination: ____________________________________________________ LICENSE PLATE OF STATE VEHICLE

  9. Pennsylvania Institute of State and Regional Affairs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maroncelli, Mark

    SDCPa Pennsylvania State Data Center Institute of State and Regional Affairs Penn State Harrisburg 777 W. Harrisburg Pike Middletown, PA 17057-4898 Phone: (717) 948-6336 Fax: (717) 948-6754 E-mail: Pa in Pennsylvania since it was established at Penn State Harrisburg in 1973. The Institute was created as a means

  10. 2014 State Capital Request Board of Regents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiblen, George D

    on FY 2015 capital budget Financial Summary Request dollars in thousands Location Project Total State U

  11. A Radically Configurable Six-State Compound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    experimentally accessible redox states (0, 2+, 4+, 6+, 7+, and 8+) from within the total of nine states evaluated by quantum mechanical methods. All six of the observable redox states have been identified by electrochemical cationic state is low and the lifetimes of these radical viologen derivatives is short as a result

  12. COUNCIL OF GRADUATE Michigan State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COUNCIL OF GRADUATE STUDENTS Michigan State University Student Services Bldg. 556 E. Circle Dr STUDENTS OF MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY Michigan State University Student Services Bldg. 556 E. Circle Dr to Michigan State University for the 2014- 2015 school year. We hope you had an enriching and relaxing summer

  13. Michigan State University 201112 Appropriation Request

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michigan State University 2011­12 Appropriation Request Michigan State University (MSU) ranks, and outreach needed to compete and innovate in the global knowledge-based economy for the benefit of Michigan and even save lives, or simply enhancing contributions to the coffers of the State of Michigan (State

  14. OKLAHOMA STATE Report of Independent Accountants' Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY Report of Independent Accountants' Application of Agreed-Upon Procedures to Assist the University in Complying with NCAA Bylaws 6.2.3.1 Year Ended June 30, 2007 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE.2.3.1 .......................................................................................................................................... 1 Intercollegiate Athletics Program Accounts of Oklahoma State University and the Oklahoma State

  15. State Budget and its Impacts on Mines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 State Budget and its Impacts on Mines Faculty Conference August 23, 2010 Kirsten M. Volpi, CPA Senior Vice President for Finance and Administration #12;Agenda State of Colorado budget overview budget Future Financial outlook State Senate Bill 10-003 2 #12;State of Colorado Budget (OSPB October

  16. Quantum State Synthesis of Superconducting Resonators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roshan Sharma; Frederick W. Strauch

    2015-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a theoretical analysis of different methods to synthesize entangled states of two superconducting resonators. These methods use experimentally demonstrated interactions of resonators with artificial atoms, and offer efficient routes to generate nonclassical states. We analyze the theoretical structure of these algorithms and their average performance for arbitrary states and for deterministically preparing NOON states. Using a new state synthesis algorithm, we show that NOON states can be prepared in a time linear in the desired photon number and without any state-selective interactions.

  17. Solid-state membrane module

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gordon, John Howard (Salt Lake City, UT); Taylor, Dale M. (Murray, UT)

    2011-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Solid-state membrane modules comprising at least one membrane unit, where the membrane unit has a dense mixed conducting oxide layer, and at least one conduit or manifold wherein the conduit or manifold comprises a dense layer and at least one of a porous layer and a slotted layer contiguous with the dense layer. The solid-state membrane modules may be used to carry out a variety of processes including the separating of any ionizable component from a feedstream wherein such ionizable component is capable of being transported through a dense mixed conducting oxide layer of the membrane units making up the membrane modules. For ease of construction, the membrane units may be planar.

  18. Equation of state of sodium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fritz, J.N.; Olinger, B.

    1984-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The volume of sodium in the bcc structure was measured at 293 K to 9 GPa using a high pressure, x-ray diffraction technique. The compression of NaF was used as the pressure gauge. These data, the shock compression data of Rice and Bakanova et al., and the melting curve data of Luedemann and Kennedy, and Ivanov et al., are all used to establish a model for the equation of state of sodium.

  19. Solid state electrochemical current source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Potanin, Alexander Arkadyevich (Sarov, RU); Vedeneev, Nikolai Ivanovich (Sarov, RU)

    2002-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A cathode and a solid state electrochemical cell comprising said cathode, a solid anode and solid fluoride ion conducting electrolyte. The cathode comprises a metal oxide and a compound fluoride containing at least two metals with different valences. Representative compound fluorides include solid solutions of bismuth fluoride and potassium fluoride; and lead fluoride and potassium fluoride. Representative metal oxides include copper oxide, lead oxide, manganese oxide, vanadium oxide and silver oxide.

  20. Clean Energy-Environment State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    As states pursue their clean energy policies and programs, they can obtain assistance from a variety of federal programs, as described below. Cross-Cutting Programs Cross-cutting federal programs support planning, program development, and initiatives for both energy efficiency and clean energy supply measures. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) offer a variety of crosscutting programs, described below.

  1. Floating Cities, Islands and States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolonkin, Alexander

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many small countries are in need of additional territory. They build landfills and expensive artificial islands. The ocean covers 71 per cent of the Earth surface. Those countries (or persons of wealth) starting the early colonization of the ocean may obtain advantages through additional territory or creating their own independent state. An old idea is building a big ship. The best solution to this problem, however, is the provision of floating cities, islands, and states. The author idea is to use for floating cities, islands, and states a cheap floating platform created from a natural ice field taken from the Arctic or Antarctic oceans. These cheap platforms protected by air-film (bottom and sides) and a conventional insulating cover (top) and having a cooling system can exist for an unlimited time. They can be increased in number or size at any time, float in warm oceans, travel to different continents and countries, serve as artificial airports, harbors and other marine improvements, as well as floating c...

  2. State Energy Risk Assessment Initiative - State Energy Risk Profiles |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary900 SpecialNanoparticulate FeSSection 1.State Energy

  3. State of the States: Fuel Cells in 2014

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMayDepartment of Staffing Model5 FOA Informational|Energy State andoutof

  4. State of the States 2010: Fuel Cells in America

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo »UsageSecretaryVideosSpringout by electric and gasMichigan S ummary|0 State

  5. State of the States: Fuel Cells in America

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo »UsageSecretaryVideosSpringout by electric and gasMichigan S ummary|0 State

  6. Origin State Destination State STB EIA STB EIA Alabama

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial Consumers (NumberThousand Cubic Feet) DecadeYear7.8. EstimatedState

  7. State energy data report 1993: Consumption estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public; and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models.

  8. Not in your backyard : transitive compellence, base states, and violent non-state groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraiman, Keren Eva (Fraiman Stieber)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Violent non-state actors have consistently served as a destabilizing force within the international system. These groups create a base within a state's sovereign territory, the "base state," and utilize this platform to ...

  9. Claiming the state : citizen-state relations and service delivery in rural India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kruks-Wisner, Gabrielle K

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Who makes claims on the state and how? This dissertation examines the processes through which citizens seek to secure public resources from the state and, by extension, the patterns of participation and citizen-state ...

  10. 3D Geological Modelling In Bavaria - State-Of-The-Art At A State...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    At A State Geological Survey Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: 3D Geological Modelling In Bavaria - State-Of-The-Art At A State...

  11. Disciples of the state : secularization and state building in the former Ottoman World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabbe, Kristin Elisabeth

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disciples of the State seeks to explain why some former Ottoman states succeeded in effectively secularizing schooling and law and regulating religion upon independence - thereby consolidating state power- whereas others ...

  12. Michigan State University is an equal opportunity employer MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Taosheng

    Michigan State University is an equal opportunity employer MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY Office ________________________________________________________ Provost Date #12;Michigan State University is an equal opportunity employer 1. Undergraduate and Graduate. **May include graduate and undergraduate assistants, graders, and other support personnel. #12;Michigan

  13. Solid state electrochromic light modulator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cogan, S.F.; Rauh, R.D.

    1990-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    An all solid-state variable transmission electrochromic device has a source of charge compensating ions. An inorganic oxide counter electrode film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions increases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength is separated from a primary electrochromic film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions decreases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength by an insulating electrolyte film that transports the charge compensating ions. First and second electrodes are contiguous with the inorganic oxide counter electrode film and the primary electrochromic film, respectively, and separated by the three films. 4 figs.

  14. Solid state electrochromic light modulator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cogan, Stuart F.; Rauh, R. David

    1993-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    An all solid-state variable transmission electrochromic device has a source of charge compensating ions. An inorganic oxide counterelectrode film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions increases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength is separated from a primary electrochromic film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions decreases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength by an insulating electrolyte film that transports the charge compensating ions. First and second electrodes are contiguous with the inorganic oxide counter electrode film and the primary electrochromic film, respectively, and separated by the three films.

  15. Solid state electrochromic light modulator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cogan, Stuart F. (111 Downey St., Norwood, MA 02062); Rauh, R. David (111 Downey St., Norwood, MA 02062)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An all solid-state variable transmission electrochromic device has a source of charge compensating ions. An inorganic oxide counterelectrode film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions increases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength is separated from a primary electrochromic film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions decreases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength by an insulating electrolyte film that transports the charge compensating ions. First and second electrodes are contiguous with the inorganic oxide counter electrode film and the primary electrochromic film, respectively, and separated by the three films.

  16. Solid state electrochromic light modulator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cogan, Stuart F. (Sudbury, MA); Rauh, R. David (Newton, MA)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An all solid-state variable transmission electrochromic device has a source of charge compensating ions. An inorganic oxide counterelectrode film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions increases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength is separated from a primary electrochromic film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions decreases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength by an insulating electrolyte film that transports the charge compensating ions. First and second electrodes are contiguous with the inorganic oxide counter electrode film and the primary electrochromic film, respectively, and separated by the three films.

  17. Centrifugal quantum states of neutrons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. V. Nesvizhevsky; A. K. Petukhov; K. V. Protasov; A. Yu. Voronin

    2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a method for observation of the quasi-stationary states of neutrons, localized near the curved mirror surface. The bounding effective well is formed by the centrifugal potential and the mirror Fermi-potential. This phenomenon is an example of an exactly solvable "quantum bouncer" problem that could be studied experimentally. It could provide a promising tool for studying fundamental neutron-matter interactions, as well as quantum neutron optics and surface physics effects. We develop formalism, which describes quantitatively the neutron motion near the mirror surface. The effects of mirror roughness are taken into account.

  18. Fermilab Today | Iowa State University

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist. CategoryFebruaryFebruaryInThe, 2015AdsImperialIowa State

  19. United States Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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  20. Appalachian State | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: Energy Resources JumpAnaconda,Anza Electric Coop IncState Jump to: